WASHIINGTON: FRI)AiY, MAY 27, 1842 No. 9135.
PUBLISHED BY GALES & SEATQW.
DMiLY PAPER--10 a year-(1 a month for anyshortertime.
CnUs rav PAPRE-$6 a year-*4 for six months.
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
WAillINGIION ANDLI .%LL.XNI)HI BOAT.
Passage 12J cents in specie, or 25 cents in paper.
Trips of the steamboat JOSEPH
lk"C p JOhINSON during the week ter-
mitnaoting on Saturday evening next,
May 28, viz.
Lir .,'Verandr, Leave Washington-
Ai T'snil 1A.M. At 10 and 12 A M.
And 2-id 4P.M. And t 3 and 6 P. M.
mayv23-d6t IGNATIUS ALLEN, Captain.
F OR NORFOLK.-.Steamer
S_ CHESAPEAKE will leave Riley's
S ~ wharf, Washington, for Norfolk, every
iWa- Friday morning, at 9 o'clock, and Al-
es miJrd t It -.',,k. Returning, the Chesapeake will leave
Norfolk every Monday evening, at 5 o'clockiin the evening. Pas-
sage and fare $5.
Returning, the Chesapeake will take off and land passengers
at all the different landings on the river.
m4y 14 JAMES MITCHELL, master.
STICK TO THE MAIL.
Twenty-four hours in advance of any other Line.
T HE GRlAT SOUTHERN MAIL LINE leaves New
York every morning at 9 o'clock; reaches Washington
city the next morning, where an omnibus will be in readiness to
convey passengers, free of charge, to the Mail Steamer AUGUS-
TA, which leaves Bradley's wharf every morning, at 6 o'clock.
Passengers pass through Washington city, Fredericksburg,
Richmond, and Petersburg by daylight, and go through to New
Orleans without delay.
Passengers going South will find this the most comfortable,
cheap, and expeditious route.
For information and throogh-tickets, apply to
STOCKTON & PALLS,
Adjoining the Philadelphia Railroad Office,
Pratt street, Baltimore.
For information at Washington apply to the Captain on board
the bhat at Bradley's wharf, may 9-
.! -i ~ FOR NORFOLK.-The steam-
S._ er BOSTON, Capt. James Holmes,
-' xH iy" will iun regularly between Wash-
sS ~ ington and Norfolk twice a week,
commencing on Sunday next, the 10th of April, leaving Wash-
ington every Thursday and Sunday mornings at 9 o'clock, and
Norfolk on the evenings of Tuesday and Friday at 5 o'clock, call-
ing at Old Point Comfort and Poitsmuuth to land and take up pas-
sengers, as well as the different landing places on the Potomae.
Passage and fare to Norfolk, $8
Freight taken at moderate rates.
ap 8-f6n JAMES HOLMES, Master.
TO THE VIRGINIA SPRINGS, LYNCHBURG, RICH-
MOND, WASHINGTON CITY, AND BALTIMORE.
T HE subscriber, having the management of the line of Stages
from Goyandotte to Lewisburg, respectfully informs the
Public that Stages leave Guyandolte DAILY. The line has been
supplied with splendid new Troy Coaches, new stock, &e. which
render it inferior te none. It connects at Lewisburg and the White
Sulphur Springs with the following lines, viz. Boyd's line to
Richmond by way of White Sulphur, Dibrell Springs, and Natu-
ral Bridge to Lynchburg ; thence to Richmond in a line of Iron
Canal Packet Boats. Also at Lewisburg, Boyd's line to Staunton,
by way of White Saillhur, Hot and Warm Springs, where it con-
nects with Danner & Harman's line over beautiful Macadamized
road to Winchester; thence to Baltimore by Railroad. Also at
Staunton, wilh W. P. Pariah & Co.'s line, by way of Charlottes-
ville and Louisa Railroad to Richmond and Washington city. Also
at Lewiburg wilh Patterson's line, by way of White Sulphur,
Sweet Springs, and Pineastle to Lynchburg, then connecting with
the above-mentioned boats. Also at the White Sulphur, three
months during the summer, it connects with Walker & Opon-
chain's line, running by way of the Red and SaltSulphur Springs,
into North Carolina.
EXTnAs will be furnished at Guyandotte and the Springs, on
at plication'to the agents at those places. Every attention will be
paid to give satisfaction to all. Travelling agents are employed,
whose duty it is to pass along the route constantly to superintend
In many respects this route abounds in unrivalled attractions.
Fora distance of more than one hundred miles it passes through
the highlands of Virginia, which are unsurpassed in the beauty
and grandeur of their scnery. The New River Cliffs, the Natu-
ral Bridge, and the view from the summit of the Warm Spring
Mountain, are some of the prominent objects that meet the gaze
of the delighted traveller, while minor objects, but nevertheless
attractive, occur in almost every mile of the distance. A most
beautiful and invigorating mountain air improves the health and
enhances every enjoyment to the traveller.
Such changes have been made in the accommodations along the
road as will, it is believed, give mutual satisfaction.
may 3-3m Guyandotte.
TRAYED OR STOLEN,on the night of Thursday, the
19th inst., a black mare, between fourteen and fifteen hands
high, with long body. Her two hindfeet are white, and she has
a white spot upon her forehead, and a small white spot upon her
mane ; there is also a small fresh wound upon one of her hind
legs; her belly and nose are rather of a mouse color. I will
sufficiently remunerate the person for all trouble and expense
who will either give me information as to where I can find her, or
deliver her to me at my bacon stall, No. 41, Centre market, (new
may 25-eo3t JAMES TUCKER.
W HITE Sulphur Water and Saratoga Water.-A
S constant s,.pply of these Waters, fresh from the Springs,
may be fund for sale, by the barrel, half-barrel, gallon or bottle,
by J. P. CALLAN & CO.
Corner ofE and 7th street, and corner of 41 street and Penn. av.
WHITE SULPHUR WATER, from the White
Sulphur Spring, Greenbrier county, Vs. A supply of
the above article just received fresh from the Springs, and forsale
by PARQUHAR & MORGAN,
may It-aeol w [Globeal Seven Buildings.
MRS. THOMPSON, corner of 8th street and
S Pennsylvania Avenue, opposite Centre Market, can ac-
conmmodate two or three families or single gentlemen with board.
The rooms are large and airy, fronting on the Avenue.
S HAN N ON DALE SPRiNGS, In Jefferson county,
Virglnia.-This well known watering place will be open-
ed for the season on the 10th June, under the management of
Mr. ISAAC N. CARTER, who had charge of it in 1838, and gave
such general satisfaction, and whose experience since that time
will enable him to be still more efficient, and to add greatlyto the
comfort and pleasure of visitors.
To those who have never visited these Springs it may be proper
to say, that they are situated on the Shenandoah river, five miles
from Charlestown, the county seatof Jefferson, and can be reached
in one day from Philadelphia, Baltimore, or Washington. Pas-
sengers stop at Harper's Ferry to dine, and then proceed ten
miles on the Winchester and Potomac Railroad to the Charlestown
Depot, whence they are taken in coaches provided by the Com-
pany five miles to the Springs.
The virtues of the waters are well known. Hundreds of the
most obstinate cases, which would yield to nothing else, have
been perfectly cured by these waters. In Dropsy, Dyspepsia,
and all derangements of the digestive organs and liver, and in
many other affections, they hove proved invaluable.
Every thing has been provided to render a sojourn at this water-
ing place delightful to those who are seeking either health or
pleasure. Amusements of various kinds will be found, suited to
the grave as well as the gay. The walks have teen greatly im-
proved, and a carriage way has been opened around the hills,
which will render excursions very pleasant. The scenery is un-
surpassed, and it may with truth be said that no spot in the Union
excels Shannondale in beauty.
The proprietors have secured an abundant supply of ice, an ar-
ticle so indispensable to comfort in warm weather.
may 21-wtJulyl0 THE PROPRIETORS.
TO THE PUBLIC.-My engagements with the Shan-
nondale Company, to take charge of their house during the
Spring season, will in nowise interfere with the management of
my Hotel in Charlestown. I have made all proper arrangements
to have the latter concern kept in the best possible style, and my
friends and the travelling public may rely upon the utmost exer-
tion to minister ta their wants.
My ice hose has been well stored for the season.
may 21-wtJulylO ISAAC N. CARTER.
JRITISH CROW N CASES, Vol. lll.-Chiefly relating
to the Criminal and Presentment law, reserved for the con-
sideration and decided by the twelve fudges of Ireland, from
May, 1822, to November, 1840. This day received, together
with the 1st and 2d volumes of the same series. For sale by F.
Also, Greenleaf's Treatise on the Law of Evidence, by Simon
Greenleaf, Royal Professor of Law in Ha, yard University, I vol.
1h42. Hilliard's Law of Real Property; Curtis's Admiralty Di-
gest; Gould's Pleading; Owen on Bankruptcy; Lomax on Exe-
cutors and Administration; new edition of Chitty's Blackstone;
Kinne's Law Compendium; Stephen's Commentaries on the
Laws of England ;Oliver's Conveyanoing; Bayly on Bills; Story
on Partnership; new edition of Story's Conflict of Ltws; of Story
on Bailments; of Story's Equity Pleadings; of Story's Laws of
the United States, and many others ; also, the recent number ef
the Law Library, and of the Boston Jurist, for both of which sub-
scriptions will be received.
**, Law Books procured to order from England or any part of
the United States. amay 23-
V URLIBY'S MISSION TO ENUILAND-ls for sale
S at MORRISON'S Bookstore, way 23
PROPOSALS FOR PRINTING, BINDING,A %D
NAVY DEPARTMENT, MAY 25, 1812.
PROPOSALS will be received until the 10th of June next,
for the supply of this Department with printing, binding,
and stationery, for one year, from the 16th day of that month.
The articles to be of the best quality, and but one price stated for
Stationery-Paper, hand made, of linen, laid or wore.
Quaitt- post, satin finish, blue, feint lined
Do satin finish, blue, plain
Foolscap, satin finish, white or blue, feint lined
Do satin finish, plain
Envelope paper, royal size, smooth, buff
Blotting do do .
Copying do quarto post
Metallic pens, per dozen cards
Quills, No. 80, per 1,000
Lead pencils, (Monroe's)
Ivory fiders, 9 inch, per dozen
Red tape, No. 17, 19,21
Silk taste, narrow
Pounce boxes, ivory
Sand boxes, cocoa wood
Wafer stands do
Penknives, Rodgers & Sons, 4 blades
Erasers do ivory handles
Ink, in quart bottles, black
Do do red
Wafers, red, per lb.
Do do for Department seal, per 1,000
Sealing wax, superfine, scarlet
India rubber, prepared, per lb.
Terry's prepared parchment, per skin
Printing and Binding.
Printing, folding, and stitching 2,600 copies Navy Register,
folio post, octavo form
Printing, interleaving, and ruling and half binding in quarto
form 50 copies Navy Register
Medium letter books, 6 quires, with Russia ends and band, al-
phabet cut in books
Demy letter books, 6 quires, with Russia ends and band, alpha-
bet cut in books
Demny key to letters received, 6 quires, demy fiat, half bound
Russia, printed heads, morocco alphabets
Demy quarto books, key to letters written, 5 quires, half bound
Russia, morocco alphabets
Warrant books, 6 quires, royal, printed heads, full bound, fiat
and Russia trimmed
Full binding in calf Congressional documents, per volume
Manuscript letters, per sample in office.
The proposals for stationery to be separate from those for print-
ing and binding, and each to be accompanied with certificates of
ability perform the work and furnish the articles.
The person whose offer shall be accepted will be required to
enter into bond for the fulfillment of the contract.
The Head of the Department will be the judge whether the
quality of the articles purchased is agreeable to contract.
may 26-dtJune 10
L ADIES' FAIR.-One of those amiable efforts to do
good, at little cost, will be attempted at the School House
on Maryland Avenue, near the Long Bridge, by the Ladies con-
nected with the Sunday School held there; the proceeds to be
applied to the purchase of books for the use of the children.
Who would refuse his mite to aid a little association of Chris
tian females, in one of the best forms that benevolence ever
took to bless mankind?
The sale will commence on the evening of Thursday, and be
continued through Friday and Saturday if this week.
ROCKVILLE AND WASHINGTON TURN-
PIKE ROAD COMPANY.-A meeting of the Company
will be held on Monday, the 30th instant, between the hours of
12 and 2 P. M. at the Directors' room in the Bank of Washington,
for the election of a President, eight Managers, and a Treasurer,
for the ensuing year.
may 25-TPHM GPO. SWEENY, Treasurer.
OTICE.-A small red or brindle cow has been using
L about the neighborhood of the Wesley Chapel for some
eight or ten days past, supposed to be an stray. She is a hoi ned
cow, supposed to be from seven to nine years old, with white face
and neck, white feet and the lower end of the tail. Her bag is
in a very bad condition. Shite is now with a person to be taken
care of. The owner can find her by calling at this office, and
paying for ihis advertisement, may 26-3t
SAMILY FLOUR.- 400 barrels of superior quality
just received, and for sale by
F. & A. H. DODGE,
may 26-3t Georgetown.
INDEED OIL, &c.
L bbls. Linseed Oil
200 kegs pure White Lead
5 bbls. Spirits oftturpentine.
With a general assortment of ground colors.
Just received at
may 26 -St GILMAN'S (late Todd's) Drug Store.
ANTED# a comfortable DWELLING-HOUSE, of
either brick or wood, situated between Pennsylvania
avenue and H street north, and 41 street and 13th street west.
The price must not much exceed $1,500; which sum will be
paid on the delivery of the deed and possession ef the property.
Any person willing to sell will address a note, stating particu-
lars, to "V," City Post Office, with whom he will confer on the
subject. may 26-3t
M INERAL WATERS.-Bedford Water, in bbls. and
halfbbls., ths day received direct from the spring. Also,
a fresh supply of Pavilion Saratoga Water. Both of which are
kept constantly for sale at GILMAN'S,
may 26-3t (Late Todd's) Drug Store.
tN W BON N E''S.-Received this day, one case of Bon-
S nets, new style, very handsome. Likewise, two cartoons
of French Flowers of the latest importation.
may 26-3t A. HILL.
R OCKVILLE ACADEMY.-Tbe Trustees of this In-
stitution inform the Public that they have been enabled to
procure the services of Professor Evans, of Pennsylvania, who
has been heretofore connected with some of the most flourishing
institutions in the country, and that the spring session will com
mence on the 18th ofApril. Professor Evans will teach the Latin,
Greek, French, Spanish, Italian, and German languages ; also,
Mathematics, including Fluxions, Surveying, and Engineering. I1
is believed that the Classics will be studied with the thorongh-
ness of European schools.
At the head of the English department is Joseph Braddock, an
able and efficient teacher, who has had many years' experience,
and who has given general satisfaction in that situation.
Rockville is about 15 miles from the city of Washington, and
its healthy and delightful situation affords a favorable location to
spend the summer for students from the cities.
Tuition, including all the above branches, is at the rate of $25 a
year. Boarding may be obtained in respectable private families
atS00 a year. JOHN COOK,
ap 9-wtf Committee.
SOST, 8.000 DOLLARS CL*VELAN O CITY
L BON DS.-All persons are cautioned against receiving
any of said Bonds of the denominations of s $500 and of $100, of
the date of June 16, 1841, and numbered 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12,
13, 14, 15, and 16, as they were lost, missent, or stolen, between
Washington city and New York, about the 15th of July last. In-
formation respecting them to me at Cleveland, or E. Whittlesey,
Washington, will be thankfully received and liberally rewarded.
april 13-w3w Clevelatnd, Ohio.
Ionf GROSS NEW STEEL PENS.-W. FISCH-
1 XF ER has just received from Josiah Hayden, the only
successful American manufacturer of Steel Pens, five new kinds,
called the Beady Writer, New York, Ladies, Gillott, and Union.
The officers of Government who have used Hayden's Pens prefer
them to all others; and as these pens are better in quality and
cheaper than the foreign article, they should, on the score of eco-
nomy alone, be used in every office under Government.
The trade will be supplied at the manufacturer's prices by ap-
plying at Stationer's Hall, the only agency south of New York.
J[ H. BROLASKY, Merchant Tailor, 190 Che-tnut
0 street, PHILADELPHIA, respectfully informs his castomn-
era residing in Washingtin, that he has just received his Lon-
don and Paris Springand Summer fashions,with a large assortment
of real West of England cloths ; Deerskin, Cassimere, and fancy
vesting of the fishtonable colors now worm in London ; super-
fine Habit cloths,Royal crape figured Linen drills and fancy panta-
loon stuffs, and new style vesting, all of recent importation.
The above goods will be made to order in the best manner, at the
following reduced prices for cash or approved credit:
Extra super wool-dyed black dress coa's from Sl8 to $25
Do double or single milled dress pants from 86 to $10
Heavy linen drilling pants from 82 50 to $5
Black Satin vests, best quality 85
Any person sending his measure can have a suit of clothes
sent to any part of the country. The cloth, materials, and fit are
warranted to give satisfaction, and the safe delivery of the articles
guarantied. may 16-ln
M ARSHAL'S SALE.-In virtue of a writ of fieri facias,
Li- issued from the Clerk's office of the Circuit Court of the
District of Columbia for the county of Washington, and to me di
reacted, I shall expose at public sale, for cash, on MONDAY, the
6th day of June next, before the Court-house door of said county,
at 12 o clock M., the following property, viz.
All that part of lot No. 12, in square No. 346 ef the city of
Washington, bounded as follows: beginning at the southeast cor-
ner of said lot, and running thence on the line thereof due west
50 feet; thence due north 25 feet; thence due east 50 feet; and
thence due south 25 feet to the beginning, with the improve-
ments thereon, being a two story frame dwelling house and a
brick kitchen. Seized and levied upon as the property of David
S. Waters, and sold to satisfy judicial No. 15 to November term,
1842, in favor of the United States, at the instance of Mary Heugh.
may 12-dts Marshal District Columbia.
To SOUTHERN MEMBERS OP CONGRESS.
A gentleman, experienced in teaching the Greak and Latin
Classics, the Mathematics, and all the branches of an English
education, feeling anxious to locate himself in some one of the
Southern States, would be glad to do so in the capacity of teacher
in a private family, or as principal ofan academy.
Reference is respectfully made to the Hon. Dixon H. Lewis, of
the House of Representatiyes. may 21-eoot
PROPOSALS FOR PRINTING, STATIONERY,
DEPARTMENT OF STATE, MAY 18, 1842.
NOTICE is hereby given that sealed proposals for furnishing
.Llthe job printing, stationery, and binding for the Department
of State, and for the Patent Office, for one year from tha 15th day
of June next, will, until three o'clock P. M. of the first day
of June nest, he received at the Department, in accordance with
the provisions contained in the actmaking appropriations for the
civil and diplomatic expenses of the Government for the year
1842 : the work to be done in the city of Washington. The pro-
posals for each branch of work, or for stationery, must be from
persons who are practically engaged in, and carry on that business
in the city of Washington.
Separate proposals will be required for letter-press printing, for
copper-plate printing, for stationery, and for binding, for the De-
partment of State ; and separate and distinct proposals for each of
the above branches for the Patent Office.
Payments will be made upon the delivery by the contractor
and approval by the Department of the articles furnished.
The head of the Department is, in all cases, to decide whether
the terms of the contract have been complied with, and is to be at
liberty to reject any article which may be, in his estimation, infe-
rior to the quality contacted for, as well as to annul and discon-
tinue the contract upon any failure to comply with its terms
within a reasonable time.
Each proposal must be signed by the individual or firm making
it, and be accompanied with ample testimonials of his or their
ability to fulfil the contract; and must also specify the price, and
but one price, for each and every article, or description of work,
contained in the schedule of proposals, otherwise it will not be
Blanks containing a list of the articles, or kind of work to be
contracted for, and to which prices are to be affixed, will be fur-
nished at the Department to persons intending to make proposals ;
and, as without uniformity in the proposals, the Department would
find it difficult to make its decision, those presented in a differ-
ent form will not be taken into consideration. Copies of such
blanks are annexed.
The proposals are to be addressed to the Department of State,
and are to be endorsed Proposals for letter-press printing ;"
"for copperplate printing ;" for stationery ;" or, "for binding,"
(as the ase may be,) for the Department of State," or for the
Notice will be given to the persons to whom contracts may be
awarded, who will be required within five days thereafter to enter
into written contracts, and to give bond with satisfactory sureties
for their due performance.
PROPOSALS FOR LETTER-PRESS PRINTING FOR THE
DEPARTMENT OF STATE.
WASfINGTON, MAY -, 1842.
The undersigned, of the city of Washington, carrying
on therein the business of a printer, proposes to execute for
the Department of State, far one year from the 15th day of June
next, all such letter-press printing as may be required by it, at
the rates set forth in the schedule herewith; the work to be per-
formed in the best style and manner, without unreasonable delay,
and to be done in the city of Washington.
BLANKS ON WRITItNO PAPER. Per ream Per quire.
Demi size, folio -
Polio post, do -
Foolscap, do -
Quarto post -
CIRCULARS AND TREATIES ON FOOLSCAP
WRITIN G PAPER.
I page on a sheet
2 pages on a sheet
3 pages on a sheet
4 pages on a sheet
ON QUARTO POST WAITING PAPER.
1 page on a sheet
2 pages on a sheet
3 pages on a sheet
4 pages on a sheet
The paper for the above to be of the
best quality, hand-made,and of linen.
BOOK PRINTING ON PRINTING PAPER OF
THE BEST QUALITY.
For composition, per 1000 ems
Small Pica. Brevier.
Press work and paper, per token Royal. Medium.
All other printing to be done at rates
proportioned to the above.
We de hereby certify that the maker of the
proposal, is of sufficient ability to perform the work referred to
WASHINGTON, day of -, 1842.
PROPOSALS FOR COPPERPLATE PRINTING FOR THE
DEPARTMENT OF STATE.
WASHINGTON, May -, 1842.
The undersigned, -- proposes to execute for the Depart-
ment of State, for one year from the 15th day of June next, such
copperplate printing as it may require, the plates to be furnished
by the Department; the work to be performed in the best style
and manner, without unreasonable delay, and to he done in the
city of Washington.
Blanks on paper, hand-made of linen, best quality.
On folio post bank-
1 page, per ream $ Per quire $
On writing paper.
Medium, folio, 1 page
per ream Per quire
Do 2pages, do do -
Polio post, I page, do do -
Do 2 do do -
Blanks on parchment, Terry's prepared, of best quality,free
19 by 161 inches, per piece Cents.
18 by 131 do do
17 by 16 do do
171 by 14 do do
171 by 114 do do -
161 by 131 do do
151 by 134 do do -
Any other size in proportion. The paper and parchment to be
furnished by the printer.
We do hereby certify that - the maker of the above
proposal, is of sufficient ability to perform the work referred to
WASHINOTON, MAY -, 1842.
PROPOSALS FOR FURNISHING STATIONERY FOR
THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE.
WASHINGTON, MAY -, 1842.
The undersigned,---, proposes to furnish to the Depart-
ment of State, for one year from the 15th day of June next,
such articles of stationary as it may require, at the rates specified
in the schedule herewith; each article to be of the best quality,
and to be delivered without delay when ordered.
Papers, hand-made, of linen, laid or wove.
Polio post, satin or plain finish, to weigh, when trimmed, not less
than 184 lbs. per ream ; at per ream.
Foolscap, similar finish, to be when trimmed 131 by 16 inches,
and weigh not less than 16 lbs. per ream ; at per reamn.
Quarto post, similar finish, to weigh not less than 9 Ibs. per ream,
trimmed ; at per ream.
Note Paper, similar finish, gilt, per ream ; at per ream.
Note paper, similar finish, plain, per ream ; at per ream.
Faint lining, common, per ream; at per ream.
Do with stops, do do ,
Envelope paper, hand-made, smooth.
Super royal, yellow, per ream, at per ream
Do white, do do
Do buff, do do
Medium, yellow, do do
Do white, do do
Do buff, do do
Blotting Paper, royal, do do
Metallic Pens, per dozen cards
Do per gross
Quills, 80's per 1000
Do 70's do
Do 60's do
Black Lead Pencils.
Bookman & Langdon's, per dozen
Red Lead Pencils do
Ivory Folders, 9 inch, per dozen
Red Tape, No. 21 do
Do 19 do
Do 17 do
Do 15 do
Silk Taste, narrow, do
Do wide, do
Pounce Boxes, ivory do
Do cocoa do
Sand Boxes, do do
Cut glass Inkstands, fountain, moveable top, par dozen
Do do do not moveable, do
Wafer Stands, cocoa wood, per dozen
Erasers, Rodgejs & Sons, ivory handles, per dozen
Penkives, do 4 bladed, per dozen
Do do 2 do do
Desk Knives, do 1 do do
Ink, in quarts
Black, per dozen
Stephens' blue, unchangeable, per dozen
Do do changeable, do
Wafers, red, per pound
Black Sand, per bushel
Pounce, per pound
Wafers, for U. S. seal, per 1000
Do for Dep't. do do
Sealing Wax, best extra superfine scarlet, per pound
Do do superfine, do
India Rubber, prepared, per pound
Parchment, Terry's prepared, largestsize, per dozen skins
American do do do do
Twine, Gillnet, per pound
Do Seine do
0 csea, for packing, per pound
Paper SeIrs, Rodgers & Sons
SincL Ilade, per dozen
tI sf do
6 -.i do
Scissors, per dozen
OthEr rin.:ls am rai.s proportioned to the above.
We do hereby certify that -- ,the maker of the above
proposals, is of sufficient ability to fulfil a contract for the articles
referred to therein.
Washington, day of -, 1842. -
PROPOSALS FOR BOOK BINDING FOR THE DEPART-
MENT OP STATE.
WASHINGTON, MAY -, 1842.
The undersigned, -- proposes to furnish to the De-
partment ef State, for one year from the 15th day of June next,
such blank books and bookbinding as may be required by it, as
the rates set forth in the schedule herewith; the materials to be
of the best quality, and the work to be performed in the best style
and manner, without unreasonable delay, and to be done in the
city of Washington.
Blank Books, with index, ruled red and feint, spi ing.backs,
in full Russia.
Medium, of and over, 4 quires per quire.
of 2 and under 4 quires do
under 2 quires do
Demy, of and over 4 quires do
of 2and under 4 quires do
under 2 quires do
In full calf, Russia bands and ends.
Medium, of and over 4 quires do
of 2 and under 4 quires do
under 2 quires do
Demy, of and over 4 quires do
of 2 and under 4 quires do
under 2 quires do
Foolscap, of and over 4 quires do
of 2 and under 4 quires do
under 2 quires do
alphabetical index books, 1 quire do
Do do j quire per book.
The papers for the foregoing to be of the best quality, smooth sur-
face, hand-made, of linen.
In full calf, spring backs.
Folios, per volume cents.
Quartos do -
Octavos do -
In half-calf, spring backs.
Folios, per volume -
Quartos do -
Octavos do -
Duodecimos do -
Half binding newspapers.
Daily, in half-yearly volumes
Tri and semi weekly, in yearly volumes
Allthe above to be lettered and numbered.
We do hereby certify that -- the maker of the above
proposal, is of sufficient ability to perform the work referred to
WASHiNGTON, day of- 1842.
PROPOSALS FOR LETTER-PRESS PRINTING FOR THE
WASHINOTON, MAY -, 1842.
The undersigned, -- proposes to execute for the
Patent Office, within one year, from the 16th day of June next,
the letter-press printing enumerated in the schedule herewith;
the work to be performed in the best style and manner, without
unreasonable delay, when ordered, to be done in the city of Wash-
ington, and to be equal to specimens exhibited at the Patent Office.
Circulars per hundred
Do per quire
information to persons having business with
the Patent Office per 1,000
Receipts per quire
envelopes per 100
heads of patents do
We do hereby certify that -- the maker of the above
proposal is of sufficient ability to perform the work referred
Washington, May -, 1842.
PROPOSALS FOR COPPERPLATE PRINTING FOR THE
WASHINGTON, MAY -, 1842.
The undersigned, -- proposes to execute for the Pa-
tent Office within one year from the 15th day of June next,
when ordered, five hundred heads of patents, on parchment, from
a plate, and on parchment furnished by the office, for the sum of
We do hereby certify that -- the maker of the
above proposal is of sufficient ability to perform the work referred
to therein. --
Washington, May -, 1842.
PROPOSALS FOR STATIONERY FOR THE PATENT
WASHINOTON, MAY-, 1842.
The undersigned, proposes to furnish to the Patent
Office, for one year from the 16th of June next, the articles
of stationery enumerated in the schedule annexed, to be of the
best quality, and equal to specimens exhibited at the Patent Office,
and to be delivered, without delay, when ordered t
reams folio paper, ruled, feint line and margin (red) to pat-
tern, per ream
reams letter paper, blue and white, wove and laid, feint lines,
reams letter paper, blue and white, feint lines, per ream
reams envelope, per ream
sheets parchment, best quality, per sheet
quills, best quality, per 1000
ps. taste, do per dozen
ps. tape, do do
dozen boards steel pens, per dozen cards
do inkstands, per dozen
do ps. India rubber, per dozen
Ibs. sealing wax, per lb.
lbs. wafers do
gross lead pencils, hard and soft, per gross
lbs. pounce, per lb.
dozen sand boxes, per dozen
do paper folders, do
do penknives do
do erasers, do
We do hereby certify that -- the maker of the above
proposal, is of sufficient ability to fulfil a contract for the articles
therein specified. --
Washington, May -, 1842.
PROPOSALS FOR BOOK-BINDING FOR THE PATENT
WASHISNOTON, May -, 1842.
The undersigned, proposes to furnish to the Patent
Office, for one year from the 15th day of June next, such
blank books and book-binding as may be required by it, at the
rates set forth in the schedule herewith, the materials to be of tlhe
-best quality, and the work to be performed in the best style and
manner, without unreasonable delay when ordered, to be done in
the city of Washington, and to be equal to specimens exhibited at
the Patent Office.
Folios-letter books, full bound Russia, per volume $
Demy Record Books, pervol. 8$
Received Letters, half.-bound in sheep, per vol. $
We do hereby certify that the maker of the above
proposals, is of sufficient ability to perform the work therein
referred to. --
may 21-dtJunel -
F WHEATLEY'S DYEING & COAT-DRESS-
ING ESTABLISHMENT, 13thstreet, onedoor
north of the corner of 13th street and Pennsylvania avenue.-
Grateful for the liberal patronage from the citizens of Washing-
ton, and desirous to be more convenient to them, the subscriber
has opened this office as a branch to his old and known establish-
ment in Georgetown. He is now ready to receive and execute
all manner of work in his line.
Gentlemen's clothing can be cleansed and dressed, and the
collar restored or re-dyed, so as to retain their original lustre and
beauty of shape.
Also, Ladies'apparel of every description; such as cleansing and
bleaching Merino, Silk, Crape, and Thibet Sh wls; coloring Silk,
Mousseline, Shalley, Bombasin, and Merino Dresses, and all other
articles in use.
Also, Damask and Silk Curtains and Moreen Curtains dyed and
watered in very superior style.
The subscriber flatters himself, from long experience and suc-
cessful operation in business, to share a liberal portion of public
patronage. He pledges himself to give satisfaction.
MAY BE OBTAINED, by early application at Gads-
by's Row, middle house, two fine spacious rooms on the se-
cond floor, admirably adapted for a family; also some smaller
ones for single gentlemen, all with good biard. Rooms furnished
or not. may 24-3t
ru*HIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
.I has obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington
county, in the District of Columbia, letters of administration
on the personal estate of William M. Butler, late of Washington
county, deceased. All persons having claims against the de-
ceased are hereby warned ta exhibit the same, w;th the vouch-
ers thereof, to the subscriber, on or before the 27th day of April
next; they may otherwise by law be excluded from all ben-
efit of said estate.
Given under my hand this 27th day of April, 1842.
up 29-w3W Administratrix,
MOTHER GOOSE REDIVIVA.
DEDICATED TO THE RISING GENERATION OF RHODE ISLAND.
No. I.-Tune: Dickery, Dickery Dock."
Dickery, dickery Dorrt!
Who ran up swift to the war;
The drum struck one,
And away he run:
Dickery, dickery Dorr!
No. II.- Tune: Goosey Gander."
Goosey, goosey gander,
Where shall I wander 1
Up stairs, down stairs,
In the sheriff's chamber!
There came the Charter-boys,
As every body swears,
Who scared the poor ex-Governor
Down the brick stairs !
No. I1I.-Tune: "Little Jack Horner."
Little Tom Dorr, sir,
Went to the war, sir,
As brave as ever need be:
The enemy come,
And away he run,
What a brave soger was he!
No. IV.-Tune: "Jack and Jill."
Pearce and Dorr
Went to the war,
To fight against the Charter!"
Pearce grew pale,
And soon turn'd tail,
And Dorr went scampering arter!
No. V.- Tune: Three wise men of Gotham."
Three wise men of Rhoda
Went to battle in a body,-
Had their courage been stronger,
My tale had been longer! 0.
FROM LATE ENGLISH PAPERS,
RECEIVED FROM OUR EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT.
ABSURDITIES OF THE LAW.-At the late Taunton assizes
no case of interest occurred, except in reference to two special
jury causes. In one the plaintiff recovered a verdict for 10s
in the other for 15s. For these cases one of the learned judges
of the land sat nearly the entire day, displaying the utmost
patience. Twenty-four special jurymen had been summoned
from their homes, and subjected to the heavy expense of an
assize town for a week to try which of these litigious parties
were entitled to the sum of 25s. Each party will have to pay
his own costs.-Atlas.
A clergyman in a parish church, not 100 miles from Pool,
having put a notice into the clerk's hand a few Sundays
since, stating that the services would be morning and eve-
ning, or morning and afternoon alternately, Honest Roger
improved upon it, and said that the services would be to "oal
A witness, on his cross examination at the Tipperary
Quarter Sessions, swore that he took forty tumblers of punch
the night before, and that a boon companion drank no less
A traveller writing from the coast of Africa says: The
people die very fast, and the sheep have remarkably long
tails." Sufficiently concise for any class of readers.
DANGEROUS CONSEQUENCES 0F YAWNINO.-A day or two
ago Mary Ann Nicholson, about 35 years of age, the wife of
a respectable mechanic, was brought into Westminster Hos-
pital with dislocation of the jaw bone on both sides of the
neck, which it appealed had suddenly occurred to her a short
time previously, while indulging in the full luxury of an un-
equivocal yawn, on her awaking in the morning. With con-
smderable difficulty the joint was replaced on one side, but up
to yesterday the other had not been effected.-Sun.
ARTESTIAN WELLS.-The inhabitants of St. James's have
for some time been inconvenienced by the almost total depri-
vation of Iheir usual supply of pump water. The late Mr
Barber Beaumont, at his own cost, caused a pump to be erect-
ed opposite St. James's Church, but the water which supplied
it was suddenr4 drawn completely away by the new sewer
which has recently been constructed. Mr. Beaumont, tht
present manager ot the County Fire Office, wishing to carry hit
father's intentions intoeffect, handsomely proposed tothe parish
authorities to bear half the expense of striking an Artesian
well, in order to ensure an inexhaustible supply of the purest
water. The proposal was accepted, and operations were
commenced about six weeks ago. After boring to a depth
of 240 feet water was arrived at, which immediately rose to
within 80 feet from the surface. Over the well a handsome
iron pump is in progress of erection, and the inhabitants may
now reckon upon a certain and plentiful supply of fine spring
water. The expense of this useful work is estimated at
Yesterday was married at Gunnersbury-park, by the Rev.
Dr. Herschell, Baron Charles de Rothschild, eldest son of
Baron de Rothschild, of Naples, to Louisa, youngest daugh-
ter of the late N. M. de Rthschild. An elegant dinner was
given on the occasion, the party chiefly consisting of relatives;
after which the bride and bridegroom departed for a tour in
WELCH BisHopRaIcs..-(From a Correspondent.)-A peti-
tion was lately presented by Mr. Ormsby Gore, M. P., from
the Welsh inhabitants of the West Riding of York, praying
tor bishops that thoroughly understand Welsh, in which a
very striking passage occurs. The necessity of having
bishops that understand Welsh is generally admitted, but by
the subjoined passage it appears that the correctness of the
ritual in Welsh depends on the Welsh bishops, and therefore
that not only a common buta deep knowledge of the language
is enjoined by the act, without which no person is qualified by
law to be a Welsh bishop. The passage is as follows:
That your petitioners look upon the practice of appointing
bishops to Welsh sees, ignorant of the Welsh language, as
diametrically opposed to the Act of Uniformity, which enjoins
that the bishops of Hereford, St. David's, Auaph, Bangor,
Llandaff, and their successors, shall take such order among
themselves for the soul's health of the flocks committed to
their charge within Wales, that the book hereunto annexed
(the book of common prayer) be truly and exactly translated,
and being by them, or any three of them at the least, viewed,
perused, and allowed to be imprinted; and they shall have
power to correct and amend in writing any error committed
by the printer in printing of the same book, or of any thing
therein contained, and shall certify in writing, under their
hands and seals, or the hands andseals of any three of them,
at the end of the same book, that they have examined and
compared the said book, and find it to be a true and perfect
copy. Your petitioners humbly think that, if a similar com-
mission were issued in the present day, it would place the
prelates of the Welsh church in a very painful and disagree-
EXTRAORDINARY RECOVERY OF STOLEN MONEY.-A short
time since David Rouers, an Irish pig dealer, absconded from.
Manchester with 375 entrusted to his care by Mr. Mark
Doyle for the purchase of pigs. Advertisements were circu-
lated, and a reward offered for his apprehension, but nothing
was heard of him till last week, when the owner of the mo-
ney traced the party to Preston, and finding that he had pro-
ceeded to Lytham with the intention of sailing with his fam
ily for America, he procured the assistance of R. Ascroft, of
the Preston police, and followed the culprit, and found him
just ready to sail with his wife and two children. When
accused with the theft he said it was true, but that he had
only 93 left of the money, which sum was surrendered by
the wife, and when hard pressed on the subject, he took a
prayer book from his pocket and made a declaration to this
effect; but as this did not satisfy Doyle, the family, after a
little delay, (during which a handsome bribe was offered to
Ascroft to allow them to escape, but which he of course re-
fused,) were all brought back to Preston and searched by Ihe
direction of Mr. Banister, when,, upon various parts of the
persons of the whole family, 222 sovereigns were found.
The case was then taken before the magistrates at the office
of Mr. Ptlkingtot and Walker, when it was found that a
case of felony could not be made out, and the whole of the
money, with theconsent of the accused, was given up to the
owner, who very generously presented Rogers with 20 to
assist in taking him out to America.--Preston Pilot.
MEHEMET ALI -A splendid marquee, for the Pacha of
Egypt, was shipped on Monday last for Alexandria. It was,
in point of construction, altogether unique, and its interior
was fitted with a sumptuousness truly regal. The marquee
is adapted alike for military or ordinary travelling purposes,
but on a scale far exceeding t hose generally constructed. Its
dimensions will afford some information as to the novelty of
the design on which it was executed. When erected it was
40 feet long by 20 wide, and its extreme height was 20 feet;
a seven-foot wall surrounds the whole. The exterior was of
blue and white striped canvass, relieved at each end with ela-
berately carved foilage, from which sprung the Eastern cre-
scent richly gilt. The interior had a double lining composed
of a fancy crimson striped drapery, and a gorgeous chintz
fabric. A temporary partition divided the marquee midway,
thus forming two rooms, one suitable for a chamber, and the
other more particularly adapted as a saloon for the reception
of officers by the Pacha. Both of the apartments were fur.
nished with portable equipment of the most costly descrip-
tion. Around the interior there is a corridor, calculated to
afford a space of 200 square feet, fr the accommodation of
the domestics about the person of the Pacha. It was manu-
factured by Benjamin Edgington, of Duke street, Southwark,
who constructed the spacious and elegant pavilion on the site
of the Royal Exchange, when His Royal Highness Prince
Albert laid the first atone of the new building.-Morn. Her.
AUSTRALIA.-By a census of the population of the colony
taken on the 2d of March, 1841, the total number was giv n
Free population, Males, 61,324
Bond, Males, 23844
Employed in colonial vessels, 2,130
The total number of houses was 16,776, of which 6,376
were of stone or brick, and 10,401 of wood.
In the county of Cumberland, which includes the towns
of Sydney, Parramatta, Liverpool, Campbell Town, and
Richmond, there were 58,108 souls. Notwithstanding the
large accession to the number of inhabitants occasioned by
the continued arrival at Sydney and Port Phillip of ships
with emigrants, the demand throughout the colony for la-
borers was in November lAt greater than the supply. By
the evidence of Captain King, R. N. (a colonist of great lo-
cal experience,) given before a committee of the legislative
council in July, 1841, it appeared that if from 10,000 to
12,000 working hands were to arrive in the colony during
the succeeding twelve months, that number would, in his
opinion, not exceed the wants of the colonists. The local
government was fully apprized of the unexpectedly large in-
flux of laborers to be expected from the emigration which
had taken place from the United Kingdom; but it was
known that, unless the stream were continued, it would be
wholly inadequate. And, as respected sheep farming, it was
doubtful whether industrious weavers from Paisley, or but-
ton-makers from Birmingham, were not more acceptable to
the colonists than people brought up in, and exclusively de-
voted to, their own especial systems and branches of hus-
It is understood that the Excellent, gunnery ship, is to
have a steam vessel as a tender. The object is to afford an
opportunity for those officers who are at the Royal Naval
College, and those on board the Excellent, to acquire a'prac-
tical knowledge of steam navigation, which has now become
so indispensable in the nautical education of a naval officer.
Another advantage likely to accrue from the Excellent hav-
ing a steam tender is, that it will enable the officers who are
studying the gunnery practice to acquire it mere efficiently
when the vessel is rolling and pitching at sea than Ihey can
do on board the Excellent, where the imitation of a vessel
rolling and pitching is produced by artificial means-a plat-
form being worked by machinery to produce such an effect.
THE ARMy.-We have reason to know that it is intended
as soon as the finance questions are disposed of by Parlia-
ment to continue the augmentations of the army in the man-
ner already notified, sa that ultimately the increase will
amount to at least 15,000 men. Other regiments will be
augmented, and second battalions given to corps according
to their present stations abroad, and the exigencies of the
various colonies. The augmentation raises the present esta-
blishment of corps from 740 rank and file to 1,000 for the
iegiments destined for the East Indies and China, and to
1,200 for those on all other foreign stations. Sir R. IY'Urban
goes to India as commander-in-chief.-Naval and Military
THE EARTHQUAKE.-Now that the danger from the antici-
pated earthquake is past, numbers of those who left London
on account of their dismal apprehensions have returned to
their old homes. The return movement has been chiefly
manifested amongst the poorer classes of Irish, who succeed-
ed in obtaining means for their temporary secession from the
scene of danger. Their religious feelings on account of the
sacred character of yesterday, in order to be present at the
religious services of the day, stimulated the return of nun-,
bers, who, at their different chapels, were greeted by their
friends who had courage enough to await the denouement oif
the event in London. We are credibly informed that up-
wards of 500 persons who had emigrated to, and beyond
Gravesend, have returned to town. The paucity if means
itf employment in the midland counties, to which many like-
wise went, has stimulated their return to their old scenes in
London, and the neighborhoods of St. Giles and Wapping
are as populous as ever.
CURSING FROM THE PULPIT.-A Mr. Nixon, a kirk minis-
ter at Montrose, last Sunday week, adverted, in the course of
his prayer, to Ihe resolution of the Glasgow railway company
to run carriages on the morning and evening of Sabbath, and
prayed thus; Lord blast their unholy gains, and punish
them in the flesh."-Edinburgh Journal.
GRATITUDE op A FRENCH LADn.-Mademoiselle de Chain-
pagne, a French lady of property, who recently died in the
town of Avranches, in Normandy, bequeathed 1,200 to the
British nation, in grateful acknowledgment of the liberality
and kindness which she had experienced from the Govern-
ment and people of England during her residence there as an
emigrant at the time of the revolution.
ANIMAL FOOD.-To give to each family in the United King-
dom two pounds of meat per week more than it at present
consumes would require annually more than six hundred
million pounds. That is about the weight of one million
oxen, or of other animals in proportion, and this quantity, at
4d per lb. only, would cost ten millions, and yield one million
to the revenue. Will any one say that our population would
not eat that much, in addition to what it now consumes, if
MARQUIS OF WATERFORD'S SALE.-The Marquis being
about to enter hymeneal bonds, has determined to dispose, by
private contract, of what may be called his bachelor's effects,
which will be wholly useless in his lordship's establishment
as a grave married man. Among the miscellaneous items are
Twenty dozen- of street-door knockers, various patterns ; 15
dozen of bell-handles; 12 dozen of scrapers; I1 dozen of iion
pump-ladles, large and small ; 10 public house signs, torn down
in various parts of the country ; 24 policemen's hats, some with
oilskin, some without ; 20 ditto staves, much the worse for use ;
6 ditto bull's eye lanterns, all damaged; a pea-jacket, made extI a
warm for the express poip.-.s of sleeping in station houses ; a
Chesterfield great coat, hInt i with bear's skin, admirably adapted
for sitting in a gutter, or taking a roll in the kennel; a truck used
for carrying the Marquis home from sporting-houses at night, ir
rather morning; the donkey-cart which the Marquis drove for a
wager against a costermonger's dog's-meat machine up and down
With the exception of the 44th regiment, which was com-
posed entirely of the British-born, all but the oflicrs of the
other regiments lately at Cabool, including the camp tollow-
ers, are Sepoys and natives of India.--Globe.
Great Britain, according to recent calculation, has 180
canals; these extend to 2,682 miles, and have been formed
at an expense of 30,000,000 sterling.-Sun.
A new light-vessel will be placed about the middlle of this
month on Anholt's eastern reef in the Cattegat. It is to con-
sist of nine lamps, with rotary gear, and be elevated twenty-
five feet above the level of the sea. A new flash light will
also at the same time be exhibited on the island of Atiholt,
which will show a strong flash every twenty fifth s-cond, and[
be continued every night throughout the year.-Sun.
The total receipts for the restoration of Yurkminster
amount at present to 14,337 3s. 6J.; to repair dirlpidationi
in the building not connected with the fire, will cost about
12,000; to complete the restoration of those p irtions dam-
aged by fire, 9,000. For this purpose some ol the church
property will be sold, and the Dean and Chapter provide
4,000 out of their own resources.- Times.
MARLBOROUoH STREET.-A fashionably dressed female,
who refused to give her address, was placed at the .bar, charg-
ed with being drunk and incapable of taking car' i-f herself,
at five o'clock the previous afternoon, in St. James's square,
and having caused a crowd of persons to assemble round her,
who were scoffing and deriding her and pushing h, r about.
On being searched at the station house, a valuabhu' lady's gold
watch, chain, a wedding and another finger rtng were found
upon her, and in her purse, which she had in her hand when
the policeman took her in charge, were five sovereigns, one
half sovereign, and five shillings in silver.
Mr. Mahiby asked the defendant in what stalioo of life she
was? The defendant said she must decline anaweri g that
question, as other persons might be prejudiced by he, so do-
ing. All the information she could give of herself was that
she was a married woman, and in a very respectable station
She was fined five shillings, which she paid with alacrity,
and left the office.
FEMALE LYNCH LAwt IN SCOTLAND.-The Rosshire Adves-
tiser details a curious occurrence which took place at Mary-
burgh last week. A man named Cameron bad circul.t, d
some improper assertions, calculated, in the opinion of the fair
villagers, to affect the characters of several of them, and
which roused them to such a pitch of exasperation as to make
them discard the more tardy operation ofh the law, and resolve
upon inflicting at once summary and severe punithmer.il on
the culprit. For this purpose, thewhole women and Lhildren
of the village rose an masse on Monday week, and proceeded
to the house of the hapless wight, who, much to his terror,
had got some hint of their intentions Just as the infuriated
crowd approached the door. To iy from the house was im.
possible, and while the object of public vengeance stood De.
-ti I ^
kalyze and trembling at the magnitude of the danger, his
wife snatched him up by the cuff of the neck" and in an
instant had him locked up in her clothes' sheet, at the same
time sitting upon the lid herself for additional safety. The
crowd having burst into the house, every chink and corner
was searched, until at last his place of concealment was dis-
covered, from which, in the face of the prayers and entreaties
of his poor wife, he was dragged forth, hoisted on a deal, and
paraded through the village, shoulder high, by the women
and children-the former taunting and jeering him, and the
latter filling up the pauses with volleys of clods and other soft
missiles. The next morning Cameron went to Dingwall
amid laid an information ag ,inst the principal ladies concerned.
In the evening he returned home, having procured a body of
sheriff's officers, His tormentors, however, being acquaint-
ed with his visit to Dingwall, end its object, a party of them
collected about his door on Lis return, and, before his guard
could interfere, be was pounced on by half a dozen Amazons,
lifted on bthe sharpened edge of a plank, or wooden mare,"
which had been previously provided, and again carried shoul-
dOr high through the village, in the midst of the noise, the
yelling, and the cladding of about three hundred women and
children. The punishment at this time must have been se-
vere, for, stopping intheir course at the door of every slander-
ed fair one, this object of popular anger was tossed and jerked
on the sharp angle of the instrument of torture in a manner
sufficient to cause acute suffering. The ceremony was to
have ended by ducking him in a mill-pond; but, after having
made (he tour of the village, he appeared so exhausted that
the idea was relinquished, and he was ultimately deposited at
his own door. The matter is said to be under judicial in-
The Lord Mayor of Dublin, Mr. O'Connell, presented
this day to the Queen, at Buckingham Palace, an address of
congratulation on the birth of the Prince of Wales, from the
Corporation of Dublin. His Lordship appeared in his state
civic robes, and was attended by his offi ers, and followed by
a deputation of Aldermen and Town Councillors of the Cor.
portion, together with Mr. J. O'Connell and other gentle-
men, the former being in their municipal robes. The Duke
of Wellington, Sir J. Graham, and other Cabinet Ministers,
were present at the reception of the address. Sir R. Peel did
not attend. The Protestant Dissenting Clergy also present-
ed congratulatory addresses to Her Majesty on the birth ol
the Prince of Wales. A guard of honor and military band
were in attendance at Buckingham Palace, and a large con-
course of spectators were assembled in the front. The usual
officers of State were present.-Sun.
Very active exertions are in progress at the East India
House and at the Horse Guards, to forward, without delay,
troops to reinforce the army in Affghanistan. It is understood
that 8,500 to 9,000 troops will, in all, be sent immediately to
India. The naval department is also most active in increasing
its stores, &c. A contract for 100,000 gallons of rum has
been announced, being the second since the commencement
of the year. 50,000 gallons of the contract are to be of East
India, and the rest of West India produce. The produce of
rum in India shows such an improvement that, in several
contracts taken to supply the navy for about twelve months,
one-half has been East India spirit. The production of rum
in the East Indies is greatly on the increase.-Herald.
WoOD PAviNo.-It is said to be in contemplation to pave
the road from Salisbury to Southampton with wood, after the
patent of the Count de Lisle. Messrs, Sharp & Co. of Rom-
ney, have sent in an estimate for that purpose, which amounts
to 95,000.- Wilts paper.
Dr. O'Ferrall, of Boyle, had a narrow escape in the moun
tainous part of the county of Sligo last week. He was called
upon to operate for a dangerous abscess in the neck of a man
named Waters, who sank under the operation. The relatives
became so infuriated that it was through the intervention oh
Providence alone the Doctor escaped with his life from their
fury. The verdict of the coroner's jury was-"t Died after
an operation which was necessary for the removal of a tumor
in the neck."
On the 14th of March, the University of Ktenigsberg con-
ferred on Liszt the degree of Doctor of Music, by a diploma
containing the following words: Propter consummatam
artist music doctrinam, usumque admirabilem orbis terrarum
plausibus comprobatum."- German paper.
Sir Charles Knightly had a sale of part of his celebrated
stock of Durham cattle on Wednesday. There were forty
lIots, which netted between eleven and twelve hundred pounds.
The highest price given for a cow was 56 guineas, heifer 40
guineas, and for a bull-calf 40 guineas.- Observer.
At an Easter parish meeting in Essex the other day, a
female having been nominated to serve the office of overseer
for the ensuing year, it was objected to by some of the parish-
ioners, upon which she indignantly exclaimed, that as they
had a womaan for a kins, she did not see why they should not
have a woman for overseer. She persisted in the appointment,
which was duly confirmed.-Bett's Life in London.
EXTRAORDINARY AND MELANCFIOLY ACCIDENT -Yesterday
morning, between two and three o'clock, as Sergeant Mor.
, 'i, city police 505, was going his rounds, he heard loud
screams in the neighborhood of Fish street Hill. On going
thither he discovered a female almost in a state of nudity,
literally impaled on the iron spikes of St. Bennett's church-
yard, and a large pool of blood on the ground beneath. Near
her lay another female, similarly clad, upon one of the graves
of the church-b.yard. Both the females were screaming in the
most dreadful manner. Morris sprang his rattle for assist-
ance, and police constables 569, 584, and 525, were promptly
on the spot, and with great difficulty the unfortunate female
was removed from the iron spikes, her right thigh being
lacerated in a most frightful manner, the iron spike having
penetrated completely through. Both the females were con-
veyed to the house of Mr. Croft, surgeon, ofFish street Hill,
who rendered them every assistance. As soon as they were
capable of giving some account of themselves, it appeared that
they were domestic servants in the family of Mr. I. Worley,
of the Monument Hotel, 48 Fish street Hill, and that their
names were Mary Cray, 24 years of age, and Ann Hallelt,
22 years; that about two o'clock in the morning Mary Cray
was awakened by a noise which appeared to her as if occa-
sioned by some persons attempting to break into the house.
In her fright she awoke Ann Hallett, who slept with her, and
the noise continuing, they both became so terrified that they
flew to the windows, and throwing them open, both of them
jumped out. Ann Hallett unfortunately leaped out of the
window nearest the street, and falling upon the iron spikes
below, got impaled as above described. Mary Cray.fell upon
the ground, and escaped with some internal bruises. At the
recommendation of Dr. Croft Ann Hallett was removed to
St. Thomas's Hospital, where she remains in a very dan-
gerous state. Her fellow-servant remains at her master's
house. Mr. Worley's family were immediately aroused by
the police, and a search was made through the premises, but
Sthe fears of the females appeared to be utterly groundless,
there being no person in the house but the family of Mr.
CURtOUS COINCIDENCE.-Some months ago the premises of
Mr. Wilson, a watchmaker, at Spalding, were broken open,
and all the watches and plates stolen trom his shop. For
some time nothing could be discovered, and malicious people
were not wanting to make the vilest insinuations. By a re-
markable coincidence the burglar went the other day to Lin-
coln, a distance of more than fifty miles, to dispose of a part
of his plunder, the affair having been almost forgotten, and
it so chanced, that the first place he went to was the shop ol
Mr. Wilson's father, in High street, Saint Peter at Gowls ;
and it also singularly happened that the watch he presented
for sale was one that Mr. Wilson personally knew had be-
longed to his son. The man was detained, and some other
property was found in Lincoln. He was removed in custody
to Spalding, where it was learned that he had been residing
for six years past, under the name of Morley. On his house
being searched, no trace of the rest of Mr. Wilson's property
was found; but, on a subsequent search, a large stone bottle
was found on a shelf, and on being taken down, it proved
that a hole had been broken in the bottom, ar4 the watches
and jewelry put therein, carefully packed in hay, to prevent
it from rattling. Mr. Wilson has thus singularly recovered
the whole of his property (except two watches,) and a burg-
lar, in most extensive practice, has been detected and com-
mitted to the House of Correction for the division of Holland.
FIRST PLAY BILL ISsueD FROM DRURY LANE THEATRE.-
April 8, 1663, is the date of the first play bill that issued from
Drury Lane Theatre:"
By his Majesty his Company of Comedians, at the New Thea-
tre, in Drury Lane. This day, being Thursday, April 8, 1663,
will be acted a comedy called The Hvmoerovs Lievtcnant-
The King, Mr. Wintersell; Demetriva, Mr. Hart t Selerivs, Mr.
Burt; Leontvs, Major Mahon; Lievtenant, Mr. Glyn Cella,
Mrs. Marshall. The play will begin at 8 o'clock exactly. Boxes
4s. Pit 2s. 6d., Middle Gallery Is. 6d., Upper Gallery Is.
FROM THU LONDON TIMES OF APRIL 1.
A memorial has just been presented by the wine-growers
of the department of the Gironde to the Prefect of Bordeaux,
which places in the strongest light their own pitiable condi-
tion and the effects of the restrictive system, by which their
Irade has been thus reduced. For the last three or'fouryears
the sale of Bordeaux wines has been paralyzed, whilst the
constant expenses which the culture of the vine requires,
and the heavy burdens of the taxes on land, which fall with
peculiar weight on estates ordinarily so profitable, have plung-
ed the whole province into the greatest embarrassment. The
unsold wines which have been accumulating in the hands of
the grower are an additional source of anxiety, cost, and in-
convenience; insomuch that the memorialists profess that
they find themselves completely unable to meet the claims of
the Exchequer for the ensuing year. They therefore require
that the Prefect should apply to unprofitable vineyards the
same remission of taxation which he is empowered to grant
to unoccupied houses, and postpone the collection Of the taxes
until they have found a market for their produce; or, if this
concession should be refused, they offer, as a final sacrifice,
to pay the land tax in kind, not being able t. p-$ itin money,
adding their hope thal this uni.rccedtnicld t.iTer may not be
the ill-omened forerunner of t hatl late of discouragement and
distress from which nothing more can, be demanded."
If there existils such a thing in Ihe world as a natural me-
nopoly, it is in the hands ol he inmp.,veriihed owners of the
finest wines of France. No oiher tract of country produces
bthe article; no other clais of the p'iullatnon are skilled in
the same methods Wl dressing the v-ne. The itneo of Bor-
deaux are adapted for umniversal cuiniumplion. Thby sic not
injured by waler-carriage; Ihey have n ver lost the favor
they have enjoyed since they became known. Yet this is the
present condition orf the persons who produce them, owing,
as they tbemselve observe in their memorial, in the first place,
to the decrease in their foreign trade-the necessary conse-
quence oft' the prohibitive system-and to the restrictions on
the home consumption in France, in the shape of the octrois
of the large towns, and the indirect duties on wine.
It is for these reasons that we have more particularly al-
luded to the subject at the present moment, for they are inti-
mately connected with the reform of our own tariff, and the
conclusion of the commercial treaty with France. But with
reference to Bordeaux itself, it may be added that the trade
of that city has suffered from the increase if the trade
of Have in much the same way, and from many ofthe same
causes which have made the growth of Liverpool so prejudi-
cial to Bristol. The commercial relations of Bordeaux were
more extensive with the colonies Ihan with the United States;
the decay of the colonies has consequently been felt with
peculiar severity there, and the postponement of the intended
law for the suppression of the manufacture of beet-root sugar
falls with the greatest weight on Bordeaux, particularly at a
time when her own staple, the wine trade, is in so deplorable
We gather from the incoherent expressions of some of the
French papers that they impute to the British Government,
as an indication of hostile feeling, the non-reduction of the
duties on French wines and spirits; and this absurdity has
been carried to such a length that something has been said of
retaliating on us by laying a prohibitory duty on linen yarns,
as if we were actually about to render our tariff more hostile
to French goods and produce than it was before. The
proposal to retaliate on us for not removing a restriction
by imposing a new restriction is worthy of the quarter
from which it emanates; but our neighbors may bear in mind
that we are about to open our trade with them by reducing
the duties on gloves, shoes, and boots, and manufactured at-
ticlea of bronze, or, as they are called, objets de Paris, por-
celain, crystal, soap, furniture, reserving only the grand ar-
ticles on which the dormant treaty of commerce rests. We
have not observed that any of the French papers have had
the candor to remark on the very considerable concessions
which it is proposed to make without requiring of them any
reciprocal reductions; but the French people ought to be dis.
tinctly informed that, if the Bordeaux trade and the agricul-
tural interest of the South are to remain in such a state of
beggary as not to be able to pay the King's taxes except in
kind, it is entirely to be attributed to their own refusal to
conclude the treaty in question. The British Government
has already gone more than half way, and requires nothing
but a fair co-operation on the part of France to complete the
arrangement hby all the reductions they have asked for.
We believe that if M. Guizot succeeds at the approaching
elections, which are expected to take place about the month
of June, he will feel himself sufficiently sure of the support
of a Chamber chosen under his auspices to conclude a con-
vention so much to the advantage of the real interests of
France. It is the misfortune of his position that he is com-
pelled to do what good he can by stealth, and to wring from
a capricious and reluctant Assembly their assent ts their own
improvement. But it is impossible that the protest of the
representatives of the natural wealth of the country should
remain without some effect; ai d in the South, at least, it is
evident that the result of the elections will decide on the ruin
or the restoration of trade, by forbidding or enabling the Gov-
ernment to ameliorate the foreign commercial relations of the
FROM THE LONDON TIMES OF APRtL 8.
Mr. T. DtUNCOMBE, last night, in the House of Commons,
moved to discontinue that practice of the House which pre-
cludes the presentation of petitions respecting any tax or
duty under its consideration. He adverted to the precedents
upon this subject, complaining of them as highly injurious to
the general right of petitioning. At all events, as the pro,
fessed object was only to preclude obstructions of the provi-
sion for the current year, it was unreasonable to prohibit pe-
titions against the pending income-tax, which had been an-
nounced by the Minister as intended not merely for the cur-
rent year, but for a period of three years.
Sir GEoRGE Ct.ERK said that, in substance, there had been
no relaxation of the principle since 1733; all parties had con-
curred in it. Mr. Fox had observed that the universality of
the complaint against any particular tax, so far from being an
argument for the admission of petitions in opposition to it,
was an argument the other way, for it showedil the general
equality of the pressure. Nor were the people without reme-
dy, for it was open to them to instruct their representatives to
oppose the tax. When the service of the current year
should have been provided for, petitions would be admissible
against the adoption of any particular ways and means for
Mr. MACAULAY observed that some of Sir G. Clerk's ar-
guments would go to the exclusion of petitions upon every
either subject as well as upon the ways and means of the year.
There were only two grounds for rejecting a petition-that
the language of it was indecent, or that the subject of it was
beyond the jurisdiction of the House. The result of the ex
sting practice was, that the people were now sending their
petitions, not to the House of Commons, whom the annual
speech from the Throne addressed as the only branch of the
Legislature constitutionally concerned with the business of
taxation, but to the House of Lords, who could not amend a
money bill in any particular. Now that the rightof debating
upon petitions was abrogated, there was not even the excuse
of inconvenience. The object of the rule could never be
enforced; for a member entrusted with a petition which he
was not allowed to present at the table would state the tenor
of it in a speech. The country was much indebted to the
mover, in any event; for, if his motion was carried, the people
would get a privilege, and if rejected, a warning.
Captain HAMILTON said the name of the people was mis-
used in this debate. The income-tax would not bear upon
the people-that is, upon the great body of the country. It
affected only the interests of that class of them who had in.
comes of more than 1501. a year.
Sir R. PEEL said he should be ashamed of meeting this
proposal in any other way than by a direct negative. The
noractice complained of had been established soon after the
Revolution, and had been maintained by the highest consti.
tutional authorities. Mr. Macaulay's new za.al had not arisen
till his retirement from office. If the Government, of which
lie formed a part, had been obstructed by numerous petitions
in their late augmentation of the assessed taxes, would he
not then have advocated the rule? Even in 1795, when so
much excitement prevailed on the subject of popular liberty,
Mr. Fox and Lord Grey had concurred in the unanimous
vote of the House for the enforcement of the practice. The
same sense of public inconvenience which had led Mr. Ma
caulay himself to concur in the late regulation against de-
bates upon petitions, had decided their predecessors toexclude
petitions unon pending taxes.
Sir G. GREY charged Sir R. Peel with i n.r'.-r,.. party
warmth into a discussion which ought not to turn on party
grounds. Thetaunt against Mr. Macaulay was anrt unworthy
one; for no man, during the late Administration, had pro-
posed the abrogation of the practice. Precedents, no doubt
were in its favor; hut precedents ought not to be conclusive
on such a subject. Formerly, when petitions in general might
be almost interminably debated, the exclusion of these parti-
cular petitions might be demanded by considerations of con-
venience; but such considerations were no longer applicable
since the prohibition of such debates. The practice thus con-
tended for would only lead to the protraction of discussions,
not for the mere purpose of delay, but because, petitions
being precluded, speeches become the only vent for public
Mr. C. BULLER reminded the House that on the ground of
this very practice he had requested Sir R. Peel to postpone
the Committee of Ways and Means for a few days; but the
Right Hon. Baronet had explicitly and briefly refused, and
had taken the country by surprise. He had taunted tie Op-
position with nut demanding this relaxation when they were
themselves in ofliffe. The answer was, that except in the in-
stance of the 10 percent. on the assessed taxes, no odious ima
post had been proposed by that party in the whole of the 11
years during which they had held office.
Mr. WALLACE said that not only a class, but a great body
of the people, were adverse to the income-tax; and their pe-
titions, if admitted as they ought to be, would come in too
numerously to leave it possible for any Minister to carry such
Sir J. HANMER condemned, as rotten and corrupt, the Par-
liament which, soon after the Revolution, hail established the
practice, and the practice was worthy of its source. He re-
gretted to differ from his friends, but he would not consent to
exclude his constituents from the right of petitioning, upon
certain points, against the tariff which was united wvith this
Mr. WAKLE" repeated the argument that this tax was in-
tended not for the current year only, but for three years.
The House divided, rejecting the motion by a majority
BONN 3TS! BONNETSI BONNETSZ--Just
100 ladies' fine snd medium Florence Braids
50 misses' and children's do
50 ladies' French fancy and gimp Bonnets
36 misses' and children's do
100 ladies' Rutland, Devon, and satin Straws, from I1 up
50 misses' and children's do
100 palm Hoods, at 25 cents
2 cases boy's palm leaf Hats
5 cartoons rich bonnet and cap Ribands
"5 do artificial Flowers
Plain and corded pink, blue, and white Tarleton bonnet
Lawns, Gimp Edge, &e.
All of which will be sold at very low prices.
JAMES B. CLARKE.
may 23-eolwif Opposite Centre Market, No. 2 from 8th at.
a OR E CHEAP LAW N.,, &c.-We have just opened,
i c. heaper than any thing heretofore offered, the following
20 pieces beautiful Scotch Lawns, 4 4 wide, at 1fI cents
10 do ,' i,. im '. s 'style French Mourning Lawns, at 25c.
15 do t I Ii... -, rich colors, at 121c. per yard
5 do small figured Mourning de Laines, all wool, and fine
1 cartoon black watered Scarfs
1 bale heavy Iwilled Cottons, at 6fc. per yard
1 do 4-4 bleached Sheeting Cotton, at ltc.
10 pieces beautiful satin stripe Cambrics, for dresses
30 do white Cambrics and Jaconets, do
6 rich black Lace Shawls, large size
5 pieces new-style corded and ribbed Gambroons
3 do real Shepherd summer Cassimere, very beautiful
5 do super and extra superfine wool black Cassimeres
3 do splendid apple green Cloth, for frock coats, cheap
20 do fine 6-4 book Muslins, at 25c. per yard
3 do 8 4 Swiss Muslins, for shawls
H. C. SPALDING & CO.
2d store west of 8th street, between 8th and 9th streets.
SCHOOL BOOKS, a large assortment, for sale at FARN
HAM'S corner of llth street and Pesn. avenue.
sane who would ask
THOUGHTS ON THE ORGANIZATION O(Ar sician to conduct a
APMt 'N i, much propriety in ei
V, 't lawyer, a mechanic
A friend has brought 1to ocur rnoice, with study,careful prepaa
service, to become ar
quest Iliit we woutil insert l, the annexed etiRC I Without referring
Iroin a iilnrir On lie Or.,Lni:aItion of C.Ar- over the pages of ou
nm," p.ilioith., b) M.jor eliTral lJSUP, iiDe- able consequences
i' b tion, as well in the p
cemnbe r, 1 .-33:
ctnibr, 1-J3: had, previously to tl
The proper constitution of the mlimary forsc ha been a to outrages upon o
subject of the deepest solicitude im all ges, anE untlir *all bearance had cease
forms of government. History inritirT.- uithat w0otils ldeg- country was for war
pot has looked to the military bodIm to mmiold his turpiE au. organization of the
thorily, the patriot, when all athi n re.'u.rcs hav lilvd| hba, had we reflected at
with well placed confidence, reliedl ur i to suam sint l li have demonstrated
tering liberties of his country. out another j Itender t'ss the blunder, we neg
be fir evil or for good, no people cmn, t, the prentsital 1..I astrous results of ot
the world, safely dispense with ii,: evices. Thh policy place of calling forth
should then be to give it an h, i'.',,,," in coi.,Emny nh cers of the old corps
the state of things it is created to sustain. and acquirements it
The United States, from the nature t of their politted y- higher ranks of thl
tern, and the advantages derived from their gecg.aphical p' men selteted rather
sittion, are enabled to dispense with a large standing army ir, tary fitness. The e
time of peace; but occupying, as :"ty do, the froncit,,k unexampled in histt
among constitutional nations, and f'.rming, am il war, lit,. cle of a powerful na
rallying point for free principles, they owe it to theimalir,, capable of bearing
as well as to the cause in which they are engaged, to be alte those of any other n
at all times to call into action the whole military power of the dred thousand men
country whenever circumstances may require it. This is pe- ed at all points-sei
culiarly so at the present moment, when revolution pervades enemy-our capital
the Eastern continent, when the war of opinion, predicted by effected, too, by a
one of the most eminent statesmen of the age, has commen- one thirtieth part of
cod anid is now raging, and whilst it is yet uncertain whether more than twenty-fi
liberal or despotic principles are ultimately to prevail. including the wholh
Thesystem of popular representative government has ex- bysea and land. Th
listed on this continent more than two centuries without inter- no means flattering
eruption ; it is, therefore, no longer an experiment here-its ture, and, however
results are to be seen in the liberty, the happiness, and the told.
prosperity of our country. The moral influence of thit sys- What would hav
tern is silently but certainly sapping the foundations of every would it have been i
absolute Government in the civilized world. Those interested the ocean, achieved
in perpetuating ancient abuses are aware of the source of session'? and those
their danger, and are fully sensible that if our institutions forced their way for
continue in successful operation there will be no security for formed during the vs
them ; they have, therefore, all those motives of interest and regular service, amn
of sympathy which so powerfully influence human action victory by the practi
to unite against us ; and should the contest now going on o o-
result in the ascendency of despotism, nothing can save us -z n
from the attempt but the determination and ability to superadd 3 -2
the physical energies of the country to the moral influence of i"-1 S
its institutions, arid bring both to bear against the combina-
tions that may be formed against us. Our little army must .
furnish us the means of warding offthe blows that may be : 1
aimed at us, and its organization and efficiency, therefore, be- S- >
come a matter of the most vital importance to the country. A i ,
> F' 02
Before we enter into the details of that organization of the S - 5
army which may be thought best adapted to our peculiar con-
dition, it may be proper to spe' k of the duties which devolve 4 4 -'
upon it and the objects it is expected to accomplish. If we '
consider its limited firce, dispersed as it is over a territory 3. g
embracing nineteen degrees of latitude and twenty-eight de- S S
grees of longitude, we must be sensible that it could never S '2
have been intended to meet alone even the first shockofwar, 5 o I
and hence that it is maintained for other anid different ohbjecls; 0 g S -
some of the more important of which are to preserve military s
knowledge and perfect military discipline--to construct the g.
permar.ent defences and organize the materiel necessary in 3g a
war-to form the stock on which an army competent to the = 3
defence of Ihe country may be engrafted, and, by means of a. 5
depots of instruction, directed by intelligent and able officers, -
hastened to maturity-to present a rallying point to the mill- _
tia, and by means of instructors and an intelligent adminis m n a
trative staff, to impart to that essential arm ot the national 1' -
defence a part of its own efficiency. Most of these important 3.
objects devolve upon officers without the agency of troops. -i- S
All that relates to defences, reconnoissances, arming and g '"
equipping the militia, the formation of depots, the construc- a 5
tion of umililary roads, and the preparation and preservation g Ea -
of arms, munitions, and stores, must be performed, whether '
we retain a single private soldier or not; and the duties of z; _- .-
the officers immediately connected with the troops depenml not o "
so much upon the r numerical force as upon the extent of the .
national territory, amid the consequent extent of the frontiers 5" 0
to be covered, and the number of posts to be occupied. Hence, 5
in proportion to the rank and file, we require a larger number 0 -
of officers than n m'st nations of Europe; the more especially, -' 2 t Z
as with them those works of defence anid measures rf prep- -"
aration, which with us have but commenced, have been ac- a
complished. If we recur to the military condition ofFrarce, 1 t
for instance, we find her frontiers covered with fortresses, her .
arsenals filled with arms and munitions, her interior depots S'. S 0S
established, her bureaus filled with maps, plans, and topogra- 0 .n
phicatl surveys, the valuable results of the labors of her staff; r. Z t Si
all her communications, such as roads and canals, which af- 'M -A S-
ford her the means of rapid communication, complete, be- R- -a.
sides, occupying a small territory in proportion to her immense P- S
population and resources, she requires but few officers con- 2. o M m
nected with those important woiks, compared with her large o .
military force. a.0.o 'ar
The United States, on the -contrary, have an extensive -
frontier-their population and resources are dispersed over a ALER 0F VA
wiJely extended territory-the internal communications of S at Auction.-
the country, so necessary for rapid military movement, whe- Townley, dated the i
other projectedt by national or state authority, are incomplete in the laid records o
No. 78, folios 184 toI
and, in short, in all their military relations they present, when premises, on Saturdt
compared with France, the most striking contrast. It is inot o'clock P. M., all tia
the policy of the country to retain, in time of peace, a large is known as lot No.
military establishment, particularly a numerous soldiery ; but noth C street, runni
it is of the utmost importance to educate and retain a body of .., .. .. f." i',,,u"'...
officers sufficient for all the labors preparatory to war, and .i,.i.r i. r......f.r.," i
capable of forming soldiers, of supplying them, and putting thea house in good or
them in motion in the event of war. The number of staff commodation ofa lar
and other administrative officers of the army, should then de- lived to be perfectly
pend upon the work to be accomplished, and not upon the the same grantor to t
number of troops in service; for we have more actual employ- ofthe proceeds of thu
meant for this class of officers, though our army is less than ment of the purchase
Itterms of sale are notch
seven thousand strong, than France with her three hundred sale, the property, at
thousand men. i at the risk and cost o
As to the body of the army, it may be proper to remark that By order of the
if military knowledge be worth any thing in war, it is the
true policy not only of this but of every free country, to adopt may 12-3tawtsif
such an organization of the regiments as shall, with the small- -
est numbers possible, preserve that knowledge in peace, and lORISES 4 1
give it the greatest extension in war; for this is the only way of, at private
by which a competent defence can be provided for the State gentle in harness, so
0Saeyears old. He has b
without the expense of supporting a large military establish- and is now parted wi
merit in time of peace. To attain this object, the true prin- for him. He is a b
ciple of organization is this : present the largest possible base Also, bis match, rati
from a given numerical force. Our present establishment, together, and mnay
though defective in its organization, approximates this princi- at the Auction Store
pie. The defect in the organization of the infantry and cav- may 25-3tif
airy consists in having ten companies, and that of the artille- Iuj[OUSES AN
ry in having nine companies, in place of right, to a regiment .RK 31st instant, a
That is unquestionably the best organization which admits of mises part of Lot N
the greatest facility in manoeuvring: a regiment of ten corn- north D street, and
panies cannot be matceavred, unless two of its companies be the improvements it
thrown out of the line ; it may be divided into two divisions built two story frame
of five companies each, but there the division must slop: may 25-eod&ds
whilst a regiment composed of ti hl' ..rr.;i.i, is susceptible "&ESIRABLI
of division down to sections on" i-.... Thir answer to this D at Private
objection will, perhaps, be that the supernumerary companies at private sale, the t,
are to act as light troops. But why should we have two corner of 14th and B
kinds of troops in the same corms 1 Are not all the officers olson. It is a high an
and soldiers of the same arm, in our service, disciplined ac- ity, a very neat guard
cording to the same principles, and have they not similar du. sold ott aecommodati
ties to perform 1 By incorporating light troops into our regi- scriber.
ments, we have adopted the forms of European service with- may
out due regard to the principle which governs there, or to the l naN TED n 1
peculiar circumstances of ourown country. In Europe, mili. in a gentiem
tia and volunteers are seldom used, and are never relied on : of honest, steady, ao
hence, as light troops are required in war, they are necessarily the aaglimeteddi of
maintained in peace ; but in this country, where we are com- o a lmied airy.'
polled to use large bodies both of militia and volunteers, we log. nToon who
have always too great a proportion of light troops: all our willnt.- ,a;.. i. Ap
regular troops should, therefore, be formed and organized for A|,.'," ,". n to
the duties of the line; but if we must so far sacrifice utility to ap 9--dtfif
the prejudices of the doy, as to have light companies, let them -'ArN TED P'
be formed into regiments, have the most convenient organi- VT t g-room se
zution for mannavring, and be so instructed as to take their hia last place for hon
places in the line or not, as the interests of the service may Apply at the office
require. may 13-dtfif
The accompanying tabular statement exhibits the plan of
an organization adapted to a base of six thousand men, with Jj-UVALL & I
the proposed extension in the event of war; it is believed to be ~ sylvasia aver
so plain that the simple inspection of it will enable the intelli- just received from t
gent reader to understand it. With our army organized upon and most fashionabl
gemit i-''.*', .ravats, stooh
the principles there laid down, we should, on war becoming lls.r old customer
probable, be able to double our force, by doubling the private and examine the san
soldiers of our companies ; and should it become inevitable, style of elegance.
we have only to add to each regiment an additional battalion may l3-d2wif [
of eight companies, and we convert our peace establishment I URTHERs
of six thousand men into a division of twenty-four thousand 1r JAMES B. C
strong, with the certainty of imparting to the whole, in less sortment of Spring
than two months time, the discipline and efficiency of veteran attention of eustome
troops. Handsome pr
With such a foundation we should be able to prepare for Superior soft-
the field, in six months, an army of one or two hundred thou- Plaid, scarf,
sand men, not mere recruits in uniform, but well instructed 8 4 superfine
soldiers, partaking, it a great degree, of the efficiency of the Corded and I
original base of six thousand. To effect this important ob- Crape bonne
origi Cambric andf
ject, nothing more would be required than to establish, in 4pCambrics atrnd
convenient situations throughout the country, fifteen ortwen- 25 cents
ty depots of instruction, and attach to each an energetic and 8-4, 94, and
intelligent field officer, or superior staff officer, one or two Damask Nap
captains, and three or four subalterns. The first object of 50 pieces Bar
those depots would be to prepare instructers, not only for the White Duck
regular troops, but for the volunteers and militia, by which Plain, plaid,
means the whole military population of the country might, in Earlston and
the course of a single year, receive competent instruction ; and Cashmeret an
a uniform system being adopted at all the depots, the efficiency Noirot's Bere
of the militia would be greatly increased, as they would, at all Ladies' Twist
times, when called into service, be prepared to act with the Gentlemitchedn s
regular troops. There are those, however, and among them Silk embroid,
some of the most prominent men in society, who, in opposition Black Mode,
to the facts of history and the convictions of experience, deny 275 dozen wi
the necessity of previous instruction, and of practical military All of which will
knowledge, to the military commander. With such indivi-
duals it would be useless to reason, but it is proper to observe Opposite the
that their own practice in the ordinary concerns of life is in may 25-Iwifeod
direct opposition to the principles they profess, and the opin- .EGROES
ions they hold ; for, whilst they declaim against the necessity ,l chase lmied
of professional knowledge and experience in those to whom will pay the highest
the important duty of defending the country is confided, they the corner of 7th ctr
require both in all whom they employ in their own service, ions addressed thr
Not one of them would engage a carpenter to make his coat, tended to.
or a tailor to build his house, and he would think the man in- dec 30-diftf
k & lawyer to set a broken limb, or a phy-
suit at law ; and yet there would be as
either, as to expect a farmer, a merchant, a
, or any other citizen, without previous
ration, and experience in the practice of
an able and accomplished officer.
g to other countries, we have only to turn
tr own history to be satisfied of the deplo-
resulting from a want of timely prepara-
,ersonnel as the materiel of the army. We
ihe late war with Great Britain, submitted
our commerce and our citizens until for-
ed to be a virtue-the voice of the whole
-and we plunged into it without a proper
army, or any of those preparations which,
all, an ordinary degree of foresight must
to be necessary: and having committed
electedd the only means by which the dis-
ir measures could have been averted : in
h the intelligent and well instructed offi-
s, and employing them where their talents
right have been useful to the country, the
e army were, for the most part, filled by
for their political influence than their mili-
consequence was a succession of disasters
ory, and we presented the singular specta-
alion, with more than a million of men
arms-with resources vastly exceeding
nation of equal population-with two hun-
actually under arms-invaded and defeat-
weral of our posts captured and held by the
taken-our credit destroyed; and all this
petty province, not numbering more than
our population, and aided, at no time, by
ve thousand men from the mother country,
e force that assailed us on every frontier,
is is a picture, it must be acknowledged, by
to our national pride; but it is a true pic-
disagreeable it may be, the truth should be
e been the character of the country-how
estimated abroad, but for the victories on
by officers who were masters of their pro-
gained on land, either by men who had
ward from the old corps, or who had been
war, partly in the militia, and partly in the
I who had qualified themselves to lead to
ice and experience of two campaigns 1
ma I I nPlals.
ts second Licu-
- s. | tenants.
- I lJ o rs .
I ter Serffeants.
Io I sieiass.
^m I Sergeants.
S a, Total.
ma as is
LIABLE PROPERTY oa C street
-By virtue of a deed of trust from James
27th day of Decmnber, 1839, and recorded
f Washington county, I). C., in book W. B.,
187, will be sold at public auction, on the
ay, the 4th day of June, 1842, at half-past 4
at parcel of ground in Washington city which
34, in reservation No. 10, fronting 54 feet on,
ing back 180 feet, aid containing about 9,720
::, is erected a cominaoiious brick dwelling
-. The property is handsomely siliated,
der, and has every convenience for the ao-
ge family. The title ti the property is be-
y good, subject to a prior deed of trust from
the same trustee, which is to be satisfied out
i present sale. The trustee, upon the pay-
se money, will convey his title ; and if the
complied with in three days from the day of
the discretion of the trustee, may be resold
of the first purchaser.
ROBERT W. DYER &CO.
R SALE.-We are authorized to dispose
e sale, a first rate Family Horse, perfectly
und and free from vice, between five and six
been used in the carriage for two years past,
ith because the owner has no further occasion
right bay, with black legs, mane, and tail.
ier alder. They will be sold separately or
be seen at Owen Connolly's stable. Inquire
R. W. DYER & CO.
1) LOT FOR SALE.-On Tuesday, the
t 5 o'clock P. M., we shall sell on the pre-
lo. 2, In square 255, fronting about 34 feet on
running back 50 feet, to a six feet alley, with
hereon, which are two comfortable and well
e houses, &c. Terms at sale.
R. W. DYER& CO.
E AND HEALTHY RESIDENCE
Sale.-The subscriber wishes to dispose of,
wo-story brick-house and lots 1 and 2 on the
H streets, now occupied by Commodore Nich-
id healthy residence, good water in its vicin-
en with fruit trees, grapes, &c. and will be
ring terms. For particulars apply to the sub-
1O HIRE, by the mouthl or year,
ann's family residing near the city, a woman
nd industrious habits. She must understand
cows, and be fully competent to take charge
She must also be capable of washing and iron-
in bring a good recommendation, and none
immediate employment and the best wages
person from the country will be preferred.
R. W. DYER & CO.
'0 HIRE, a genteel, capable man, as a din-
rvant. He must have recommendations from
testy, sobriety, and general good conduct.
of the National Intelligencer.
BROTHER, Merchant Tailors, Penn-
imue, in addition to their former stock, have
the North a further supply of the handsomest
e goods for spring and summer wear; also,
ers and citizens generally are invited to call
mi,u all of which they will make in their usual
DUVALL & BROTHER,
Globe] Next door to Polk's boarding-house.
UPPLY ofSPRING DRY GOODS.
CLARKE hasjust opened a most desirable as-
Goods, to which he invites the particular
inted Lawns and Muslins
finished white dress Cambrics
and dress Silks
shawl Muslin, at $1
plain, pink, blue, and white Tarleton
t Lawns, most desirable shades
ped and plaid Cambric and Swiss Muslins, at
I0 4 Irishal and Rus
kins and Huckabaci
'clay's celebrated S
and satin-faced Dri
and chene Gambroi
id Marseilles Vesti
ge and black Silk
, Sewing Silk, and
Lisle .Thread, Line
and plain Linen Ca
ered unbleached Co
Cap Ribands, &c.
white and colored Cotl
be sold at unusually
Centre Market, an
lately a number o
cash price. He ci
eet and Maryland
rough the post offi
PROPOSALS FOR PRINTING, BINDING, AND STA
WAI DEPARTMENT, MAY 24, 1842.
SEPARATE PROPOSALS for executing printing, for furnish-
ing stationery, and for executing binding andi furnishing blank
books for this Department, until the 30th of June, 1843, will be
received until 12 o'clock M. on the 15th of June next, in con-
formity with the provision in the act making appropriations for
thie civil and diplomatic expenses of the Government, which
provides That the job printing, stationery, and binding of each
of the Executive Departments shall, until otherwise directed by
law, be furnished by contract, proposals for which shall be regu-
larly advertised for in the public prints; the classes, character
and description of the printing being specified in each adver-
tisement, as far as that can be done, and it being made a condi-
tion in all cases, unless otherwise specifically stated in the ad-
vertisement, that the work shall be done in the city of Wash-
ington; and the contract shall, in each case, so far as the pro-
posals and acceptance shall enable the contract to be made, be
given to the lowest bidder, whose bid shall be accompanied with
proper testimonials of the ability of the bidder to fulfil his con-
Proposals unaccompanied by such testimonials will not be con-
sidered, and the bidders must distinctly understand that the
contracts will embrace, among others, the following requirements,
the faithful fulfilment of which will, in every case, be rigidly
All the articles of stationery must be at least fully equal, in all
respects, to the samples which may be seen in the office of the
Secretary of War. The blank books and binding must be equal
im material, style, and finish to the samples which may be seen
in the different offices of the Department, and superior in eveiy
instance where those samples may have been found not to be of
the best quality. The printing must be executed with new and
perfect type, and on the best paper used for the different de-
scriptions of printing required. The articles and work will be
required from time to time as they are wanted ; and they will be
paid for quarterly; a failure to furnish the articles, or to execute
the work in every particular, as required by the contracts, and
within a reasonable time, of all which the head of the Depart.
ment will be the final judge, will cause a forfeiture of the con-
"The classes, character and descriptions" of the articles and
work are designated, as nearly as can now be ascertained, in the
subtjoined lists, with which the proposals must, in form, pre-
cisely correspond. There must be but one price specified in the
proposals for each article ; and any thing not embraced in the
lists, which may be needed, the contracts will be made to re-
quire at corresponding rates with those specified. The proposals
must be sealed, endorsed Proposals for Furnishing ," and
directed to the Secretary of War. The testimonials of the
ability of the bidder to execute his contract," required by the
law, will be a bond with sufficient sureties, to the satisfaction of
the Secretary of War.
ii 1 ii papers, hand made of linen, laid or wove, white or
Folio post, satin or plain finish, feint lined and trimmed, to weigh
not less than do do 17 pounds per ream
Foolscap, do do 12 pounds do
Foolscap, do plain do 12 pounds do
Quarto Post, do do do 81 pounds per ream
Do do do feint lined, 3 pages do
Do do do do 4 pages do
Note paper, do do gilt, per ream
Do do do plain, do
Copying paper, per ream
Envelope paper, hand-made, smooth, super royal, yellow or buff,
I)o do do royal, per ream
Do do do flat cap, white, or blue, per ream
Blotting Paper, royal, per ream
Metallic Pens, per dozen cards
Do per gross
Quills No. 80, per 1000
Do 70, do
Do 60, doo
Black Lead Pencils, Contee's, per dozen
Do Brookman & Langdon's, per dozen
Do Jackson's, do
Do Monroe's, do
Do Cohen's do
Red Do do
Ivory Folders, 9 inch, per dozen
Red Tape, assorted, do
Silk Taste, assorted colors and widths, in banks, per dozen
Pounce Boxes, ivory, per dozen
Do cocoa, do
Sand Bixes, cocoa, do
Inkstands, cut glass, recently invented, Fountain moveable tops,
Inkstands, cut glass, common kind, per dozen
Erasers, Rodgers & Sons, ivory handles, do
Penkoives, do 4 blade buckhorn handles, per dozen
Desk knives, do 1 blade ivory handles, do
Wafer Stamps, ivory handles, do
Do Lignumivi'e handles, do
Ink, black, Cooper & Phillips, or equal, in quarts, do
Ink, blue, Stevens' or equal, do do
Ink, red, Arnold's do in half pints do
Ink, copying in pints do
Wafers, large red, for Department seal, per 1000
Do common sizes, red, per pound
Scaling wax, best extra superfine, scarlet, per pound
Do superfine do do
India rubber, prepared do
Black sand, per bushel
Pounce, per ounce
BLANK BOOKS AND BINDING.
Blank Books with index, best hand-made linen paper, smooth
surface, ruled red and feint lined, with spring backs.
Imperial, full bound in calf, with Russia backs, bands
and ends -
Super-royal, do do do
Do bound in Russia -
Royal, do do do
Do bound in calf, Russia backs, bands & ends
Medium, do do do
Do bound in Russia -
Demy, bound in calf, Russia backs, bands & ends
Foolscap, bound in Russia -
do half bound, marble paper sides, with Rus-
sia backs and corners -
Newspapers, half bound, best English marble paper
sides, and variegated calf backs and corners -
Polio books, spring backs, do do Russia do
Quarto books, spring backs, do do do
Quarto books, full bound in best variegated calf
Royal octave, do de
Do half-bound, best English marble paper
sides, Russia backs and corners -
Common octavo, do do do do
Do full bound best English variegated calf
Do full bound in heavy fancy English
Duodecimos, do do do
Do full bound in variegated calf
Do half-bound, best English marble paper
sides, Russia backs and cleaners
PRINTING, INCLUDING PAPER.
Circulars, 4to post, one page -
Do do two pages -
Blank bonds, foolscap, one page -
Do do two pages
Blank contracts, do do -
Blank vouchers, 4to post, two on a sheet
Blanks for certificates, one page, script type, 4to post,
white wove paper
Do do one page, script type, 4to post
Do do do brevier type, do
Do do do pica type, with bre-
vier notes, 4to pest
Do do four pages, long primer type,
4to post -
Do do one page, great primer type,
Do do two pages, script, foolscap -
Rules of Evidence, four pages, long primer, foolsemp -
Do do do long primer, with bre-
vier notes, foolscap -
Circulars, one page, long primer, 4to post
Blanks, on superroyal paper, printed and ruled to pat-
ADJUTANT GENERAL'S BUREAU.
Regimental Monthly Returns for the Army
Company do do
Post do do
Field and Staff Muster Rolls
Company do -
Ordnance do -
Non commissioned, Stuff, Muster, and Pay Rolls
Company do do
Recruit do do
Recruit, Muster, and Description do
Monthly Returns, for recruiting parties -
Form of Enlistments -
Monthly reports of recruits -
Advertisements for recruits -
Forms of discharge -
Forms of annual estimates for clothing, &c. for com-
Blank letters of appointment, 4to post, I page
Blank promotion, 4to post, I page
General orders, regulations, circulars, 4to post, folded
once, I page -
Do do do do 2 pages
Do do do do 3 do
Do do do do 4 do
Army Register for 1843 -
toUART.tAJ STE aaRDl U BJUJRa.la E OUtAU. pIe Ir Om.I
sia able Diaper Circulars, 4to post paper, I page
Shirting and Collar Linens UBSIST NCB BUREAU.
illinge Blanks for contracts and bonds, folio post paper,
ons, a large assortment 2 pages -
Blanks or do do foolscap do
ngs Blank forms of returns, folio post, I page
Fringe Do abstracts, do 1 do
Mohair Gloves and Mi's Do do foolscap 1 do
un and Silk Gloves Do do 4to post, 1 do
ambric Handkerchiefs Circulars, foolscap, I1 do
cotton Hose, fine Do 4to post, 1 do'
PAYMASTER GENERAL'S BUREAU.
ton Hose and Half Hose Muster Rolls
y lew prices by Pay do
IES B. CLARKE, Circulars, with ruled work -
d No. 2 from 8th street. Do plain -
SURGBEON ONESBAL'S BUREAU.
a subscriber wishes to pur- Returns of Medicines, instruments, &o. -
f Negroes, for which he Requisitions for do do -
an at all times be found at Returns of hospital stores, bedding, &e. -
avenue. All communica- Requisitions for do do &. -
ce will bea promptly at- Quarterly sick reports
Diaries of the weather
JOSHUA STAPLES, Circulars, orders, &c. -
X"eOCNZZs BUREAU. per ream.
Q-ialifi.:iir.nm for admission into Military Academy, 4t0
r'.it1, r,,.ss f-
Cadet class reports, 4to post, 1 page
TOPOGRAPHICAL BUREAU. per team.
Circulars, 4to post, I page -
Do do 2 do -
Do do 3 do -
Blank forms of account current, 4to post broadside one
Blank forms of abstracts, 4to post broadside one side
ORDNANCE BUREAU. cper ream;
Circulars, 4to post paper, 2 pages -
Do do 1 do
BOOK PRIm lN.-"; ON PAINTING PAPER OPTUHC
For composition, per 1,000 emrs Sminall pica. Brevier.
Presswork and paper, per token Royal. Medium.
For more particular information respecting i....lf,-rnit dia.
scripions of printing than can be here given, _i Id..ra r reiaer-
red to the different Bureaus named above.
AZORS, RAZOIIRS,X I' ZH-.-, ..i,'if,,,. -auig
Good Razors will do well i,. h.i '., J. H fIBl:1'.' H...-
dressing Room, Sixth street, Gadsby's Hotel, and purchase a pair
of the unequalled and justly lamed Patent Frame back Rszrs.
These Razors, being similar in shape and construction to the brass
frame bladed razors which have been so much celebrated, will be
found not ouly to have all the good properties possessed by them,
but likewise to have all the superior and sell-evident advantages
which constitute a good and pleasant shaving razor. The blades
of the frame-back razor will never require regrinding, in conse-
quence of their thinness, and seldom honing; it will only be
necessary occasionally to strojo them well.
FOR SALE the following entire squares in the city of
Washington, which can be bought now a great bargain:
Square No. 156 Square No. 397
Do 157 Do 417
Do 0 ISO Do 445
Do 182 Do east of 475
Do 195 D)o 478
Do 210 Do 508
Do 193 Do 241
Do 239 Do 242
Do 336 Also lot No. 7 in squatsr
Do 363 223, eligible situated.
The above squares, with a number of lots in various squares,
will be sold a great bargain.
Apply to W. S. NICHOLLS,
may 27-3w Georgetown.
PERFUMERY, IIAIR BRHUSHES, RAZOR
STROPS, &c.-J. H. GIBBS has ju.t received, at his
Hair-dressing Room, Sixth street, Gadsby's Hotel, a fresh sup-
ply of fine Soap, Cologne, Extracts for the handkerchief, Oil and
Pomade for preserving the brilliancy and beauty of the hair, Ra-
z'or Strops. Hair Brushes, Combs, Shaving Brushes, Teeth
Brushes, Nail Brushes, &c. may 27-3tif
Nj lW MULSICG-Just received the following pieces of new
J Muiic, at the old established Store, two doors east of
Twelfth street. W. FISCHER.
Bonnie Charlie, a favorite Scotch song; The Woodland Gall,
duet by E. J. Loder; The Poet's Elegy, Weep for a Star from our
firmament, taken from lines on the death of Thomas H. Bayly, Es1.,
arranged for two voices ; My heart is in the yellow leaf, by P.
Weiland; My soldier wears a Tartan plaid, by J. Barnett; Fall of
the Oak, words by G. Hill, Esq. of Washington, music by J H.
Hewitt; Miss Lucy Long; Shimun not the village church yard,
duet written by T. H. Bayly, Esq. ; Kate Anderson my Kate, by
E. N. Ciough ; Time was thy locks were brown, friend John,
E. J. Loder ; There's a bliss in the morning of love, by J. A.
Wade ; Wishes, by S. Nelson; Come, come, soldiers come, glue ;
I watch for thee, serenade by R. Thomas; A Mother's love,
words adapted to a beautiful German melody, and dedicated to
Amelia," by W. C. Peters ; Farewell, farewell, for the guitar,
by Weiland ; Swims girl's dream, do. do. do. ; My fondest, my
fairest, do. do. do. by F. Weiland; Sleep, my child, do. do. do.;
Be it folly or frenzy, do do. do., P. Kinlock ; Merrily, merrily,
sounds the born, do. do. do.; I'll build for thee an altar, do. do. do.
D C. You ; L'invitation a la chasse, by G. Bleassner; Dream
is past, arranged as a quickstep by F. Weiland ; Vienna sui pea
Waltz, by J. K. Ool ; Quadrilles from Zampa, for two perform-
ers ; Hail Columbia, with variations. may 27
A THANASION, second edition, is this day received at
may 26 MORRISON'S Bookstore.
I EXICO IN 1812-A description of the country, its
,natural and political features, within a sketch of its history,
brought down to the present year, to which is added an account
of Texas and Yucatan, and of the Santa Fe expedition, illustrated&
with a new map.
This day published, and for sale at
may 27 MORRISON'S Bookstore.
INGDOM OF CHRIST, delineated in two essays on
our Lord's own account of his person and of the nature of
his kingdom, and on the constitution, powers, and ministry of a
Christian Church, as appointed by himself. By Richard Whate-
ly, D.D. Archbishop of Dublin.
Just published, and for sale at
may 27 MORRISON'S Bookstore.
ECUMSEH, or the West thirty years ago, is
IF for sale at
may 27 MORRISON'S Bookstore.
ARASOLS AND SHADES.-2b0 superior Parasols
S and Sunshades, of every desirable size and color, and 100
gentlemen's silk and gingham Umbrellas. This day received
and for sale low by JAMES B. CLARKE,
Opposite Centre Market, and No. 2 from 8th street.
BONNET I BONNETS I BONN IETS -We have
the pleasure now to invite the special attention of those la-
dies who have not supplied themselves with bonnets to the new
and splendid assortment of that article which we open this day,
embracing many new and beautiful styles and finish.
1 case Rutland Braids, very pretty and cheap
1 do Florence do. clear color and fine
3 dozen beautiful fancy edged fine Straws
1 do Home League, very low
1 do Porcupine, do
3 do Misses' fancy edged Florence Braids
5 do do do fine Straws
3 do children's fine braid Flats
3 pieces Gimp Edging.
'H. C. SPALDINGl & CO.
2d door west of 8h street.
GENTLEMEN TAKE NOTICEs.-The superior lot
of Gentlemen's clothing, now for sale at the store adjoining
Mr. Todd's Rooms, will only continue open for two days longer.
It will be sold at a great reduction in prices for cash. Such ano-
ther opportunity will not soon offer to obtain superior clothing at
such prices, may 26-eo3t
W ASHINGTON DENTIS'T, a few doors west of
Brown's and Gadeby's Hotels, Pennsylvania avenue, in
at all hours of the night, may 9-eolmoif
ORD BROUGHAM'S POLITICAL PHILO-
L SOPHY, 1 eol. octavo, London, 1842, just imported by
Also, The Yearly Journal of Trade for 1842, 1 vol. London.
Martin's Colonies of the British Empire, their history, present
statistics, &c. from the official records in the Colonial office; by
Montgomery Martin, Esq I vol. large octavo. The Import Du-
ties, being a digestof the evidence given before the ComUittee of
the House of Commonson that question; pamphlet, London, 1841.
Debates of the House of Commons in the year 1774, on the Que-
bec bill, now first collected from the Notes of Right Hon.,Sir
Henry Cavendish, Bart. and just published in one volume octavo,
(London,) with a map of Canada, copied from the edition of
Mitchell's mnap referred to in the debates. Croly's Memoir and
Political Life of Burke, 2 vols. just published. Smith's Register
of Contested Parliamentary Elections, London, 184t. The Coal
Trade. The Colliers and the Fossil Fuel of Great Britain, I vol.
1841. Scrivenor's Iron Trade, I vol. London, 1841, with official
tables, public documents, &c. The London Hand Book of Com-
merce. Eisdell's Industry of Nations. Wade's History of the
Middle and Working Classes. Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations,
with Notes by McCulloch. Macpherson's Annals of Commerce,
in four volumes, and many other valuable works an the different
branches of Political Science, many of them just unpacked..
Circuit Court of the District of Columbia for the county
of Washington-lIn Chatcery.
Esther Hunt and Mary Hunt,
Wmin. Rochester Hunt and others, heirs at law of William Hunt.
THE bill of complaint in this cause in substance states that
Willisla Hunt died about the year 1829, leaving the said
Esther, his widow, and the said Mary and the said defendants, his
children and heirs at law; that at the timeof his death he was
seized and possessed ofparts of certainlota lyingin the city of Wash-
ington, to wit: part of lot number one, (1,) in square number four
hundred and fifty-eight, (458,) and of lot number two, (2,) in sime
square number 458, and improvements on the same, as the said
parts oflots are particularly described in the said bill; that the
said lots have been sold for taxes due the Corporation of Washing-
ton, which the complainants are unable to pay that the complain-
ants and defendants are seized in common in said parts of lots ;
that it is most for the interest of all that they should be so'd, it be-
ing impossible to divide them with advantage. The object of this
bill, therefore, is to obtain adecree for the sale of the said proper-
ty, and that the proceeds be divided in proportions to be deter-
mined upon by the Court among the said complainants and de-
fendants, and for general equity in the premises. And forasmuch
as it is alleged in the said bill that the said William Rochester
Hunt is not within the jurisdiction ofthis Court, but resides in the
State of Pennsylvania, it is now, this 26th day of May, in the year
of our Lord 1842, ordered thatthe complainants make publication
of the substance ofthis bill in the National Intelligeneer, published
in the city of Washington, once a week for the space of fiur
months prior to the first Monday in October next, thereby notify-
ing the said William R. Hunt to be and appear before the Court
here in his proper person, or by solicitor, on or before the said
first Monday in October neat, to answerto the several matters and
things in the said bill set forth ; and that snch publication being
duly made, in default ofsuch appearance and answer, the said bill
and the several matters thereof be taken pro canfesso against the
said William R. Hunt.
By order of the Court. True copy-test:
W. BRENT, Clerk.
J.B.H. SMITH, Solicitor. rflmay27---w4m
J A M E PHALEN & CO. Managers.
POKOMOKE RIVER LOTTERY,
CLA1s No. 59.
FOR THIS DAY, MAY 27th.
1 prise of $20,000[ 10 prizes of 1,000lO
1 do 6,000 10 do 500
1 do 4,000 120 do 300
1 do 2,220 I 20 do 200
75 numbers-Il irawn ballots.
Wholes $5-Halves jV2 50-Quarters S1 25.
may 27-It R. FRANCE, MansBger's Oofie,
nAr romm. I
"Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and
FRIDAY, MAY 27, 1842.
of Massachusetts, has summoned his Co
convene at Boston immediately, to take ii
sideration the appointment of Commissi(
negotiate with the Envoy of Great Britain,
nexion with the Commissioners of Maimn
be appointed, for the settlement of the Nc
The New Orleans Banks are now all
specie, two which hung back on the day fi
resumption having since come in. We h
counts of the three, first days of the re.u
which went on altogether favorably and
bly. Some specie was at -first drawn fi
Banks, but the whole amount drawn from
Banks during the three days amounted to b
one to two hundred thousand dollars.
FROM THE ALBANY EVENING JOURNAL.
THE SCIENCE OF GOVERNMENT.-This a
science, which has been the subject of stu
the earliest ages of the world, has found
commentator in the Editor of the New E
article in yesterday's paper disposes of all
ficult questions connected with human Is
government in the most summary and sati
manner. We subjoin a few extracts as spf
of the author's logical style and liberal sen
MAN Vs. PROPERTY.-The right of government it
primitive with man. There is no right of proper
and separate from man. All governments should b
secure and enforce the rights of man in the pos.
things called property, againstthe intrigues and mac
of bad men, which is the only necessity of any law
oF society, and all good men join to support suo
The aristocrat and the thief, from natural indolence
of sentiment, are the natural foes and depredators
good. These are the men, and this the classification
who have always made such unhallowed efforts ti
what they call the rights of property above man, a
vate the rights of man ky placing him below prop
property could be dignified by even a name amoi
distinct from man its maker.
LECTURES TO YOUNG MEN.-There has just be
from the press, by Mr. Morrison, bookseller on the
a small volume,comprising a courseof six excellent
delivered in this city some months ago by the R
W. CLARK, the able and estimable Pastor of th
Presbyterian Church, and addressed to young met
Lectures are entirely practical, free from sectarian
eminently calculated to impress upon the youthful
love of religion and the practice of virtue. We c
to our young friends nobetter service than to preva
to buy this little volume and read it attentively.
THE SOUTHERN LITERARY MESSENGER for May is
ble. It is a good number. The leading article, on th
IavINO and SIiDELL, has much merit. It is severe
but is gentlemanly in its tone, and not in the least p
offensive to the gentlemen at whose works it is aim
History of the Knights of Malta" pursues the eve
its way ; it is good solid reading. "Ponce de Leon
lant old fellow; his history is interesting. He it
explored Florida, searching for the fountain of you
second part of the Hunchback," though very re
not so good as the first part; the author is an unequ
"Love Sketches" begins charmingly. We look wi
for the next piece. "Modern Fiction" is admirable
too, is the Palsied Heart." They are both inter
ductions. The Poetry is unusually good. Thereis
of it, which we are glad to see. Mr. WHITE use,
lavish of it. The Critical Notices appear to bejui
EDWARD A. SMITH, Esq. of Long Island, has rait
farm an ox, supposed to be the largest ever seen it
ted States. The animal is almost white-merely a
ed spots on his body. He is 6 feet 3 inches high
inches in length, 9 feet 11 inches smallest girt, ai
ever 4,000 pounds; and, what is more surprising,
6 years old.
STEAMBOAT ACCIDENT.-A letter from Mr. Mot
clerk of the steamer Dougtlass, states that, on the
the 16'h, on her way to Louisville, and near New
at 12 o'clock at night, the steampilpe of that boat b
the cylinder, and the end entering the cabin disc
steam there, in the direction of the ladies' apartmt
Dr. HOFFMAN, lady, and child were severely
'child not expected to live. His sister and child
'severely scalded. Mrs. BaOWN, their servant, dat
not expected to live. Mrs. JOHNSON and her twc
'were scalded severely; my wife slightly, and my t
'dren severely, one of whom is dead. Mr. NEts,
LEONARD, of your city, and the third steward, w
Mr. Foster aind Mr. Marshall were severely sea
'two others slightly. None of the officers were inji
We learn by the engineer of the boat that two of t
children were dead when he left, and that there
dead in all. He thought that most of the others
EXHUMATION.-A report having gained currency
treville, Wayne county, Indiana, that a certain Dr
G. CRAWFORD, of that place, who died some time p
was in fact in New York, performing wonderful
operations, his grave was opened on Monday, the I
in the presence of a large number of the citizens a
ville, when the wax figure," or log of wood,"
enclosed in the coffin, was revealed, in the well-ki
son and features of the deceased Doctor himself, ai
recognized by all those who knew him whilst livin
five to seven hundred persons were present.
A beautiful nosegay, flung by some fair hand intl
riage of Dorr (when he rode through the streets I
day) spoke the delicate language of Flora, warm
heart, and full of meaning. The bud of welcome
circled by the same silken cord with the blossoms
and patriotism and the verdant leaf of victory.-1
The nosegay is still in existence. It consists of
four artificial flowers and the white feather. The e
in it for which we can find an interpretation in I
dictionary is the lemon bud, which signifies" you a
justice done to you."--Providence Journal.
A WAaNtro,-A young man, named Hilided,
through the head by another, named Fox, at a It
training in Clarion county, (Penn ) Fox was fen
a rifle which he picked up, not knowing the gun wi
when it went off, the ball passing through the un
A fire occurred on Saturday evening last at Net
wick, (N. J.) by which the Commodores' Hotel, ke(
Hall as the Raritan House, was entirely destroyed
building adjoining, occupied by John Van Nias, Esq
SUICIDE.-The Philadelphia Ledger states that, t
day afternoon, a young woman, but a few weeks mi
daughter of a rich farmer in the vicinity of Quake
Bucks county, (Pta.) committed suicide by hanging
a limb of an apple tree, near the dwelling house. 1
that a short time since she was married, through
ence of her father, to a young man, while at the
she was affectionately devoted to another. Disappoi
is assigned as the cause of the rash act. Preparati
being made by her husband to takeher in a few we
own domicile. This fact no doubt hurried on the mi
MURDER -Gov. Seward has issued his proclamatio
a reward of $400 for the apprehension of a man nat
ham Mitls, a German, who is believed to have commi
der last Saturday week, in the town of Sand Lake
York, upon the person of another German name
West. The body of West was found last Saturd,
woods, covered with dirt and leaves, with the skull 1
It is supposed he was mortally wounded by shot fre
and his death then hastened by severe blows on the
the back of the skull was fractured, and near the I
found a large stone encrusted with blood and mat
The man who is supposed to have committed the muit
to have been married this week, but has not been
sincethe murder. Westhad with him at thetime of
der $250, which are missing.
DSTaEssiSo ACCIDENT.-Arnold W. Angell, ag
22 years, son of Mr. Welcome Angell, of Provident
was killed in Norton on Sunday last, in the following
ful manner: He had just returned from meeting I
ered wagon, and was in the act of taking the bridle
horse's head, when he started. Young Angell was
and became entangled between the step and whee
that situation was dragged about three quarters o
When taken up be was dead and horribly mautilal
has left a large circle of friends and acquaintances t
his sudden deAth, and, what makes it still more
he was onta4 eve of being married,
MORE INDIAN MURDI
FROM THE ST. AUOUSTINE NR
The mail of Wednesday
five more murders by the Ind
Alachua counties, on the 14
We are indebted to the at
Newnansville for the follow
culars, under date 15th May
On the 14th, Messrs. Wil
sant, in company with M
hunting, were attacked by
ans, who shot Mr. W. Vansant
brother dismounted and was wou
Osteen escaped. On the same da
bring the dead. They found B.
shot, and his skull broken with hi
On the 15th, the same party, i
house of Mr. Moses Cason, in A
his wife and infant child. Mr
wounded, escaped with two of his
ceeded to the house of Mrs. Doug
family of children, but they escape
yells at Cason's. Her d welling w
every thing she possessed. Ther
pie at Sulphur Springs, on Santa
soon conveyed, five gentlemen has
shed; they had not gone more tha
fired on, and Mr. Stafford was we
side. A diligent search was mad
evening, but without success. A
start early on the 16 h on a scol
say, "These are facts, and how
I am unable to say. This is calle
the Government will not."
An endorsement on the Il
at night, states that an expr
distance, to go the relief
Many guns and yells were b
We are indebted to the p
man who arrived from Pila
for the following :
A fauv days since, a party
about twenty-five in number, mad
and adjoining settlements, killing
ing houses, &c. This band is I
Leaving the above section o
the county of Alachua, a short d
from which post Lieutenant Bak
patched, with six mounted men, t
distance from the post, he was surr
were concealed. They killed t
fire and wounded another. Lieu
resistance to recover the wounded
ercd by numbers, and obliged to r
force of the 7th irnftntry are now i
Hall'ck Tustennuggee and h
Seahorse Key. Two of his warr
lakaha for five wounded warrior]
them. This is a remnant of the
fantry on the 19th ultimo, in wh
Casey, of the 21 infantry, and his
with great gallantry."
A great Chartist petition, purpo
million five hundred thousand pe
suffrage, the abolition of the nation
the Union, was presented to the B
on the 3d instant. The vote again
for the reading 40. Both Whigs i
repugnance against the doctrines
OAULAY, the Edinburgh Reviewer
He had made up his mind, not
ticular of the charter, but against
that of universal suffrage; which
all the rest would indeed be coimpa
evils of universal suffrage were ur
resented merely as destructive to r
which were but means, not ends
structive to all society. Where
barism was inevitable ; where pio
would grow in spite of any mal
therefore be absolute madness to ,
of the State to bodies of whom it c
that they would respect the sacred
Sir RoBBRT PEEL opposed the r
He would not grant a delusiv
must end in a refusal. He would
peradd disappointment. The pet
of the whole constitution and soci
Was the whole business of the cou
the House inquired whether it wo
the debt and repeal the Union'1
people respect the law. Why '1
its justice-because they knew it
well as for the rich. The charac
formed under the very laws and in
tition contained the impeachmer
panegyric on those laws and insti
of his confidence in their efficacy
of the country."
The London Times affirms tha
tion might have been increased to
more trouble than was requisite to
paper-intimating that the whole
tee. The Times adds:
We will venture to say that
honest persons (if such there be)
of signatures to have been affixed
three millions of actual live Eng
shaken in that belief if double th
substituted. It might, indeed, ha
pier supporters if the number of si,
ed that of the adult male populati
these natural limits we cannot but
what they have, any squeamishnes
mil ion or two was 'more nice tha
A SHE DEVIL -On Monday i
was in a state of great excitement
of a fine little boy of that town, b
a school there. On Saturday the
complained that the mistress had
his complaints were not alarmin
thought of the matter. At night
tIe brother, who, on waking in the
On examination, his body, limbs,
bruised and swollen ; and it was v
had been produced by congestion o
the treatment he had received from
out upon investigation, hung him
him for a long time and with great
wretch was immediately secured, t
ENTERPIEsa.i-The St. Louis Jo
recently left Independence for the
ture wild animals for a manager
In Wilmington, (N. C.) on Tu
T. R. PURNELL, Esq. to Miss
ter of Guy. E. B. DUDLEY.
0-The t'reemen's Vigilant
clety meets every Friday evening,
The meetings of the Society are g
being addressed by distinguished fri
and transient. The Public are gener
N. B. There will be a public meet
the Capitol on Sunday evening, at 4
-IRST WARD EL) CTI(
held on Monday, the 6th day
over the Western Market house, foi
Board of Aldermen for the term oftw
of the Board of Common Council far
present said Ward in the respective
The polls will be opened at 10 o
o'clock P. M.
fractured. my 27-
ERS IN FLORIDA. OFFICIAL.
wS, 20TH INSTANT. GE ORDRS, ) WAR DEPARTMENT,
2w, 0TH INTN. GErNERAL ORDERS, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
brought us tidings of No 28 .AD sTANT GENERAL 2 OFICE,
jians, in Columbia and Washington, May26,184.
4th and 15th instant. -. The following instructions have been received through
tenon of a friend a the Department of War,-and are published by the General-
n ,inm o a friendp atin-Chief for the government of all concerned :
ing melancholy part WAR DEPARTMENT, MAY 20,1842.
:1. With a view to reduce the expenses of the regiments of
lliam and Bryan Van- dragoons as far as may be consistent with their efficiency, the
Lr. A. Osteen, while number of horses to he hereafter allowed for each troop or
a party of thirty Indi- company is fixed at forty for the enlisted men of each troop,
besides those required for musicians and farriers and for the
dead from his horse. His non commissioned staff.
ended in the thigh, and Mr. Wherever several troops are serving within distances con-
y, five citizens went out to venient for the purpose, the surplus horses beyond the num-
Vansant in the hammock, her herein prescribed, in any troop, are to be transferred to
So any other troop that may be deficient.
sown gin. 2. Any other surplus horses, that cannot be thus transfer-
t is believed, attacked the red, wherever situated, will be turned over to the Quarter-
Machua county, and killed master's department as soon as circumstances will permit.
Cason, though severely 3 No commissioned officer will be allowed to retain a pub-
children. They then pro- lic horse or appropriate one to his own use, except for the
a w w transportation of his necessary baggage on marches, when
glas, a widow with a large horses will be assigned by the Quartermaster, if no other
rd on hearing the firing and means of transportation are furnished.
as burned and plundered of 4. The surplus horses will be sold on the spot, or at con-
e being a collection of peo- veiient markets, as may be most advantageous to the United
a Fe, where the news was 5. Should any of the troops of the second regiment of dra-
stened to the place of blood, goons, now in Florida, be ordered to I he Westal, the command-
in a mile, when they were er of the army in that Territory wilt give directions that their
funded in the right arm and surplus number be turned over to the QLuartermaster's de-
e during the afternoon and partmint for sale at such place as he shall deem expedient.
6. The enlisted men who may be dismounted in consre-
party (tf fifty men were to quence of these instructions will serve as infantry, light in-
ut. The writer goes on to pantry, or riflemen, and will also be duly exercised as mount-
much more remains to tell, el dragoons, so as to be ready at any time to resume their
d peace! God help us, for places in the ranks as cavalry.
7 The horse equipment which may be rendered unne-
cessary by the reduction herein directed, will be carefully
otter, dated 12 o'clock marked and stored by troops at convenient depots, to be called
ess had arrived for as- into use as may be needed from time to time by the troops or
of Mr. W. H. Ward. Requisitions for new horse equipment and for the future
beard. purchase of horses will hbe made on the basis of the number
oliteness of a gentle- of horses fixed by these instructions.
8. The cavalry schools oftinstruction at West Point and at
tka yesterday evening Carlisle are not to be affected by this regulation.
J. C. SPENCER.
of Indians, supposed to be II. The colonels of the first and second dragoons, as also
e an attack on the Alligator the commanders of detachments of the same remote from re-
about sixteen persons, burn gimental headquarters, will make special reports, through the
ed by the Creek war chief, Adjutant General, on the execution of the foregoing instruc-
f the country, they crossed By command of Major General SCOTT:
distance from Waka-hoo-ta R. JONES, Adjutant General.
ker, 7th infantry, was des-
o the trail. When a short THE UNITED STATES vs. THE HONORABLE
rounded 15y the enemy, who EDWARD STANLY.
wo of his men at the first -
utenant B. made a gallant On Tuesday, May 24, 1842, at the Court room in Wash-
] soldier, but was overpow- ington, the Hon. EDWARD STANLY was brought before the
retreat. All the disposable Hon. BUCKNER THRUSTON, one of the Judges of the Circuit
n hot pursuit of the enemy. Court of the District of Columbia, on a warrant, of which
is band.are safely lodged on the following is a copy :
riors are to go out to the Pi- To the Marshal of the United States for the District of Co-
rs whose families are with lumrbia.
party who fought the 2d in- Whereas information on oath has been made before me
ich enaemn Captn showing that there is probable cause to believe that a breach
ich engagement Captain J.of the pace is about to be committed by HENRY A. WISE
i officers and men behaved and EDWARD STANLY, by fighting a duel, and that prepara-
tions are now making by the parties aforesaid tocommitsuch
breach of the peace: you are therefore hereby commanded
ITAIN. without delay to apprehend, or cause to be apprehended, the
said HENRY A. WISE and E.DWARD STANLY, and nave their
ting to be signed by three bodies before me, or some other Judge or Justice of the Peace
sorting to be signed by three of this District, then and there to be dealt with according to
rsons, asking for universal law.
cnal debt, and the repeal of Given under my hand and seal, in the city of Washington,
3ritish House of Commons in the said District, this 11tlh day of May, 1842.
inst having it read was 287; B. THRUSTON. [SEAL]
and Tories expressed strong It was agreed that the testimony of FRANCIS S. KEY, Sen-
of the petition. Mr. MA- ator MANGUM, and P. B. STARKE, as given in the report of
and a Liberal, said : Mr. WISE'S case, published in the National Intelligencer of
it indeed against every par- May 18, l 1842, should be read as evidence in this case.
its most essential postulate, At the instance of Mr. STANLY t.he following additional
if the House should grant, testimony was taken :
aratively unimportant. The Mr. DAVID MOORE testified as follows : He knew the horse
understated, when it was rep- which Mr. Stanly rode to the races on Saturday, the day ot
monarchy and to aristocracy, his collision with Mr. Wise. He had himself ridden him
it would, intruthe be de- once or twice at the beginning of the session, and had seen
property was insecure, bar. others ride him since. The horse belonged to the stable at
perty was secure, prosperity Capitol. At times he flew off the road with him when he
I-administration. It would rode him, ard he had seen him fly off with Mr. Gittings.
entrust the rapreme power Ho was easily frightened, at scraps of paper in the street, or
would not be certainly known any trifling thing, and when he starts he is very hard to take
ess of property." up, and unmanageable on such occasions.
leading: Mr. BENJAMIN E. GITTINGS was then examined. Witness
ve hearing which he knew knows the horse well ; has ridden him frequently. Wit-
d not awaken hope, to su- ness is a good rider. The horse is vicious, starts badly, and
ition was an impeachment dashes off, and then it is exceedingly difficult to take him up.
ial order of these kingdoms He has sometimes run nearly across the street before he
untry to be suspended while could stop him, although he sawed his mouth with both
uld be fitting to sponge out hands. Not long since he started without any reasonable
It had been said that the cause while witness was riding him, and very nearly ran
Because they believed in against a carriage before he could manage him. His habits
to be a law for the poor as are so bad that witness dislikes exceedingly to ride him. And
ter of the people had been when he heard of the collision between Mr. Wise and Mr.
istitutions of which this pe. Stanly on their way from the race course, he was not at all
it. He concluded with a surprised, from his knowledge of the horse, at his running
tutions, and an expression against Mr. Wise. T&e horse starts badly and dashes off at
for the permanent welfare a puddle of water. He has frequently done so with witness
at the pools of water on the avenue which remain after it has
t the signatures to the peti- been watered.
Ssix millions without much Mr. W. STEWART was then examined. Has been in the
the nm on habit of riding the horse for nearly three years, more than
put uown the names on the any other person. He is decidedly scary, and when we first
was the work of a commit- got him was very much so, even more than he is now. When
hiding him, if a piecp of paper, or any trifling thing blows
not half a dozen of those across the road, he will start very badly, and as he is a strong
who believe these millions horse, with a hard mouth, it is very difficult to do any thing
to the Chartist petition by with him. I am, myself; a good horseman, yet I have found
.lishmen, would have been it very hard to manage him. He will often start and dast
he number had been boldly off when a carriage is approaching him, either in front or
ve started some of their sim- rear, and then rushes blindly on, and would run against a
gnatures had much exceed- carriage or another horse, or any thing else if not restrained.
on of England ; but within He often start without any perceptible cause, at a splash of
t think that, after claiming water, and even when nothing can be seen to account for it.
sa in respect of an additional And when riding in company I have frequently had him
n wise.' start and rush off.
The DISTRICT ATTORNEY then moved that Mr. Stanly
the town of Lynn, Mass., should be held to a recognizance in the same terms as those
I, occasioned by the murder
oy a female demon who kept of the recognizance to which Mr. Wise had been held on the
little fellow came humeand 14th instant.
whipped him severely; but On behalf of Mr. STANLY it was suggested that, since the
g, and nothing more was arrest of Mr. Wise, their relations had been changed by a
he retired to bed with a lit- r rt ha be cn ba
morning, found him dead. pacific arrangement of the controversy between them, through.
and head were found much the interposition of friends of each party ; arid that, though
*ery evident that his death when Mr. Wise was arrested, probable cause" may have
if the brain, occasioned by existed for a belief that himself and Mr. Stanly were about
the woman, who, it turned to break the peace by fighting a duel, yet, as a pacification
up by the heels, and beat
t violence with rulersl The was afterwards effected, no such probable cause" could be
o be dealt with as herinhu- said to exist now, and that therefore Mr. Stanly ought to be
The DISTRICT ATTORNEY remarked that' on the only evi-
iurnal says four young men dence now be/are the Judge the same "probable cause" for
e Rocky Mountains to cap.
ie. They expect to return holding Mr. Stanly to surety of the peace existed as had been
acted on in the case of Mr. Wise ; that a mere suggestion
at the bar that the parties had become reconciled, was insuffi.
GE. cient as a ground for discharge, nor would the Judge notice
esday evening, 10th inst. judicially rumors to that effect, unsupported by affidavit or
ELIZA ANNE, daugh- other evidence; and that proof ought to be given that such
an arrangement had been made between Mr. Stanly and Mr.
t Total Abstinteince N o- Wise as removed the probable cause" set forth in the war-
at 8 o'clock, at Apollo Hall.
enerally very interesting, it rant, and which was sustained by the evidence in Mr. Wise's
ends of the cause, resident case, before the Judge would direct Mr. Stanly to be released
rally invited, while Mr. Wise was bound. There ought to be an equality
Ei. BROOK, Secretary in the respective positions of the parties. Their mutual re-
lo'g on the western portico of
o'clock. uiav 27 lations for some time before, and at the date of the incident
ON.-An election will be near the race ground, were also a proper subject for consider-
* of June next, in the room ation on the present occasion.
r Mayor, one member of the Whereupon the learned Judge adjourned the sitting till
o years, and three members the next day at 12 o'clock M.
the term of one year, to re-
Boards. Wednesday, May 25.-At 12 o'clock M. Judge THRUSTON
'clock A. M. and close at 7 took his seat on the bench, and Mr. STANLY appeared, ac-
ILLEBROWN, Jr. companies by his counsel, the Hon. WM. A. GRAHAM, of the
LIAM DIGGES, United States Senate, and by other friends.
THEW HINES, The learned Judge handed to the District Attorney a let-
Commissioners. ter from Dr. J. F. MAY, attending physician of Col. JOHN M.
PERIAI9,AND 1 LACE MCCARTY, and inquired whether it would be admitted in
,and Gimp Bonnets evidence. The Attorney answered that, expecting that
y Open do evidence .would be offered on behalf of Mr. Stanly, tending
hapa to show that the controversy which led to the warrant of ar-
raids rest was afterwards adjusted ; and having learnt that a ru.
Flats mor was in circulation, on the alleged authority of Col.
s McCARTY, that the adjustment was net yet final, the Attor-
oles in the dry goods line, ney had deemed it necessary to summon that gentleman as a
J. & G. F. ALLEN, witness on behalf of the United States, and had accordingly
ween 9th and 10th streets, done so; that he would admit, as Col. McC. was unable to
ING AT AUCTION. leave his room, (or indeed to sit up in bed, as the Deputy
at half past 10 o'clock, we Marshal who served the aubpcena, declared,) that Col. McC.
of Mr. W. B. Todd's Hat
ng, which is extensive and if present, would swear to the truth of the statement made
nd Frock Coats of various on his request by Dr. MAY; and that it would then be for
ions, a large assortment of the learned Judge to determine on the effect of that evidence,
R. W. DYER & CO. taken in connexion with the other facts and circumstances of
Auctioneers. the case. The letter was then read in the following words;
RENTAL, SHELL. IMI
Bonnets.-Just received a
50 ladies' Honeycomb, Imperial,
60 do Shell, Gimp, and Fanc
50 do Florence Braid, new s
50 do fine Double English St
100 misses' Gimp and Florence B
100 children's Leghorn Hats and
200 white and colored Palm Hood
300 boys Leghorn and Palm Hats
With a great variety of other artli
which can be bad at moderate prices.
may 27-3tif Penn. av. betw
On Saturday morning next, a
shall sell, at the store next door wes
store, the stock of ready-made Clothi
very superior, consisting of Dress a
colors, Cloth and Cassimere Pantalo
Vests, Shirts, &c.
Terms at sale.
WASHINGTON, MAY 25,1842. C I T Y NEWS.
To the Hamn. BOCKNEitR THRUSTON.
Sin: Your officer, Mr. Woodward, is now in Colonel NARROW ESCAPE.-Yesterday afternoon, as a colored man
McCarty's room, with a summons for him to appear before was driving a cart loaded with wood on the margin of the
your Honor, to give evidence in the matter between the Uni- Washington Canal, between Four-and.a-half and Seventh
ted States and the Hon. Edward Stanly. I am desired to
say by Col. McCarty that the unfortunate difficulty be- streets, the horse backed into the canal with the loaded cart,
tween Messrs. Stanly and Wise has been, by the inter- and was with difficulty savedfrom being drowned.
position of mutual friends, adjusted in a manner amicably
and honorably to both those gentlemen. As his physician, ANOTHER INCENDIARY ATTEMPT was made last Wednesday
I inform your Honor that he has been seriously indisposed, morning, about ten o'clock, to set fire to a wood house, attach-
and is not at present able to. leave his room. ed to the dwelling of Mrs. HEWITT, at the corner of Seventh
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedientsethendwelviaoavenueA atityrof Seventh
servant, J. FRED. MAY. street and Pennsylvania avenue. Aquantityofpaperignited
In answer to questions from Judge THRUSTON, the Hon. was found by a servant in the wood house so disposed and
KENN.TH RAYER testified that he knew that, in oducting arranged as to leave no doubt of the foul purpose of the vil-
K.ENNETlain who tlatediitthon thekpeemises, Fortunactely the discovery
the negotiation, Col. McCarty was fully authorized to act as lain who placed iton the premises. Fortunately the discovery
the friend of Mr. Stanty; and that, though not himself act- was made in time to prevent a serious conflagration.
ing with authority, the witness was acquainted with the pro- FIRST WARD -The following gentlemen will be Support-
gress of the negotiation, and that in Baltimore, where it was ed at the ensuing election by MANY VOTERS.
carried on, the understanding was that the matter was peace- Mayor-W. W. SEATON.
ably adjusted. Alderman-WE. B. MAOGRUDER.
FRANCIS S. KEY, Esq. was then examined as a witness on Common Council--WILLIAM EAsBY, WILLIAM WILSON,
the part of the United States, and the report of his evidence ALEXANDER MCINTIRE.
in the case of Mr. Wise, as given in the National Intelligen- Messrs. GALES & SEATON : You will olige many voters of
. ,,,. .. ,. *- i Messrs. GALES & SEATON : YOU Will Oblige Many VOter`S Of
cer of the 18th instant, was shown to him. Mr. Key stated the First Ward by iri,.riii.g the following ticket:
that the report was not entirely accurate; that he was cor- For Mayor-WiWM. W. SEATON.
rectly represented in that report as having testified that For Alderman-WiLLtAM B. MAGRUDER.
"neither Mr. Wise nor Mr. Stanly, nor any of their For Common Council-CHARLEs A. DAvis, WM. WILSON,
friends, directly or indirectly, had caused or procured him ALEXANDER MclNTIRE.
to give the information to the Judge; nor had they, in
the most distant manner, or in any manner, communi- WASHINGTON CORPORATION.
cated with him, or any ote else to his knowledge, on thesub. BOARD OF ALDERMEN, MONDAY, MAY 23, 1842.
ject :" but that the part of the report which represented that Present Messrs. t....j. .....,,, (President,) Barclay, Orme,
'he acted on general, but to him credible rumor," was in- Wilson, Goddard, Maury, Carbery, Adams, Byington, Brady,
correct. He had other grounds besides rumor for the infor- Marshall, and Dove.
mation which he gave. When he gave that information, Mr. MAURY presented a petition from Harvey Lindsly and
Others; wk'eh was referred to the Committee on Improvements.
he was tully convinced of the existence of a" probable cause" The CHAIR laid before the Board a petition from Mrs. Commo-
for the arrest of both Mr. Stanly and Mr. Wise; but he is dore Stewart; which was referred to the Comm;ttee of Claims.
now satisfied by what he has heard of an adjustment between The hill from lhe Board of Common Council authorizing the
laying of certain flag footways in the Second and Third Wards,
them, and in regard to which he cannot think that he has was taken up, twice read, and referred to the Committee on in-
been imposed on, that such probable cause" no longer provements.
exists. On motion of Mr. BRADY, the Board resumed the considers-
tion of the bill fox improving South Capitol street, from N street
Dr. HEISKELL, who had testified in the case of Mr. Wise, suti to its riatin at the Eastern Branch.
was now examined on the part of Mr. Stanly. The testi- Mr. MARSHALL tlien moved to strike out the first section of the
muny given yesterday by Messrs. Moore, Gittings, and bill; and the question thereon being taken by yeas and nays, i'
Sewart was read to the witnwas decided in the negative as f,Ilows:
Stewart was read to the witness. YEAs.-Messrs. Marshall and Dove-2.
Dr. Heiskell, upon hearing the testimony of these witnesses NAYS.-Messrs. Goldsborough, Barclay, Orme, Wilson, God
in regard to the character ofthe horse ridden by Mr. Stanly, dard, Maury, Carbery, Adams, Byington, Brady-10.
The bill was then read the ihird time and passed, by yeas nnd
of which be was entirely ignorant before, says it accounts na' aafollows:
very satisfactorily in his mind for the collision between Mr. YEAs-Messrs. Goldsborough, Barclay, Orme, Wilson, God-
Stanly and Mr. Wise, and entirely removes the impression dard, Maury, Byington, and Brady-8.
NAys -Messrs. Carbery, Adamns, Marshall, and Dove-4.
which he had previously been under as to its being intentional Mr. MAURY, from the Committee to which was referred ithe bill
on the part of Mr. Stanly-an impression created in his mind from the B)ardl of Common Ccuncil concerning the graduations of
by the particular relations existing between the gentlemen, the city made by Lieut. Humphreys, reported the same without
as well as by the particular occurrence on the ground ; and amendment, and recommended its indefinite postponement; and
Sl a b tt he question being taken, it was decided in the affirmative.
from his position it was impossible to see whether the horse Mr WILSON reported an act to repeal an act, approved Septem
shyed or not; and he might have done so without his see- ber 9, 1844, entitled an act to extend the provisions ofthe act en-
ing it. titled an act for licensing carts, wagons, and drays, and for repeat
ii ing all former acts relating thereto; which was twice read and
Judge THROUSTON, having considered the testimony in the ordered to lie on the table.
case, remarked that it exhibited a state of circumstances very Mr. BARCLAY, from the Committee of Claims, asked to be dis-
different from that which existed when the warrant was is 4.,-.. rr .a the further consideration of the petitions of Mrs
t fm tt w h e e w n t I- .,..i r, of Mrs. Ann Kerr, and of Mrs. Commodore Stewart,
sued, and when Mr. Wise was arrested under it and held to and they were dischac..-d a .: r.t'.iA.
surety of the peace: that then there was probable cause" On motion of Mr. N' ,iL.:., .t.- 5.,r.J resumed the considera-
for believing that Mr. Wise and Mr. Stanly would break the tion ofthe resolution from the Board of Common Council concern-
ing a bill now pending before Congress entitled an act to incor-
peace by fighting a duel; but that the evidence of Colonel porate the A' I,...,i ri Gas Light Company. The bill was then
McCarty, in the absence of any rebutting evidence, wascon- amended ai.n r..,.I i. third time as amended and passed.
elusive to show that an amicable arrangement of the dispute The bill from the Board of Common Council for the relief of B
v t w t an aic a o t d Lucas, was taken up, twice read, and referred to the Committee
between those parties had been effected, and that therefore ofClaims.
the" probable cause" which was the basis of the warrant no The bill from the Board of Common Council concerning the
longer existed ; and that this conclusion was justified by the opening and paving of alleys, was taken up, twice read, and re-
n g b M t w o ferred to the Committee on Improvements.
testimony given to-day by Mr. Key, the witness on whose The bill from the Board of Common Council to provide for the
information the warrant had been issued, iii'.,ii."i... ,,...f fines, was taken up, twice read, and referred
The learned Judge then adverted to the nature and impor- I. i* ',. "o,"!." on Improvements.
M r. BARCLAY, from the GCommittee of Claims, reported without
stance of the preventive jurisdiction of the Judiciary, and to amendment the bill from the Board of Common Council for the
the caution with which that jurisdiction should be exercised relief of B. Lucas, and it was then read the third time and passed
fin restraint of the liberty of a citizen. Being of opinion that Mr. MARSHALL, from the Committee of Claims, reported a bill
"probtabe aue"rwi once extisz e in ti oice thad for the relief of Win.m K. Stores; which was twice read, and it
the probable cause" which once existed in this case had was then, on motion, ordered to lie on the table.
been removed, he directed Mr. STANLY to be discharged. And then the Board adjourned.
Whereupon Mr. STANLY was discharged.
Wher o M. T L w. --- BOARD OF COMMON CouNCIL, MONDAY, MAY 23,1842,
es 'iaa Da All present, except Messrs. Hanly and Wilson.
Sales This. ay. Mr. JOHNSON, from ihe Comnmittee of Ways and Means, to
whomre was referred the Mayor's communication of the 9th instant,
SOUSEHOLD FURNITURE AT AUCTION.- transmitting the report and accompanying papers from the Comn-
On Friday morning, 27th May, at 10 o clock, I will sell, missioners of the City Hall, made the following report, which was
on Twelfth street, four doors from Pennsylvania avenue, (the flag read and laid on the table:
will designate the house,) a genteel assortment of Household The Committee of Ways and Means, to whom was referred the
Furniture, the effects of a gentleman about to leave the city, viz. Mayor's communication of the 9th instant, submitting the books.
Safas, Bureaus, Mahogany Tables, Chairs accounts, part of the vouchers, and other papers of the Commis.
Carpets, Beds, Bedding, and Bedsteads sioners of the City Hall, report:
Looking Glasses, Washstands That they have given all the attention in their power to the im-
Andirons, Shovel and Tongs, Eight-day Clock portant subject referred to them, but that it is impossible at this
Crockery Ware, and Kitchen Furniture. late day, without going into an investigation and scrutiny far be-
Also, a good Cooking Stove, &c. &c. yond the opportunities of the committee, to ascertain with any
may 26-dta WM. MARSHALL, Auctioneer. thing like an approach to certainty, how far 'he true interest oi
E XTENSIVE SALE O PLANT.-The sub- he Corporation has all along been consulted in the immense dis-
rbe, being desirous to reduce his stok will fer forub bursements by which the erection of the City Hall to its present
sale at public auction, on Friday, the 27h intact, at o'clock extent and in its present state has been effected. The committee
saleat public auction, on Friday, the 27th intent, at 10 o'clock will, however, proceed very briefly to state some of the facts i,
A. M., at his green-house, a large collection of his most choice the case as they appear to thiem, and leave it othe Board to dwell
Flowering Plants, consisting in part of Chinese ever-blooming, on those facts and determine for itself to what epoch of the legls-
tea, climbing, noisette, and other Roses; Cactus, Camillias, Jes- lative history ofthe city the essence of this Board of Commis
samine, Oleanders, Dahlias, and a great variety of Geraniums, sinners belongs.
together with a great variety of other green-house or parlor Plants, In July, 182i, the Corporation passed an act to provide for the
too numerous to mention.
Sale positive. Terms cash. WM. BUIST. erection of a City Hall, by which the Mayor and four Commis-
RSteRT W M, D BUI S O signers, two to be appointed by each of the Baards of the Council,
2ROBERT W. DYER & CO. were constituted "a Board of Commissioners of the City Hall" to
_may 25- Auctioneers. carry the act refened to into effe t. Amongst other duties im
-PLEASURE EXCURSION. posed on the Commissioners by this act was one requiring them,
The ColumbiaArtilleryhavingchar. to keep a journal of their proceedings, which appears to have
tered the commodious Steamer CO been but partially complied with, as by reference to the journal
LUMBIA, will proceed on an excur- itself will be seen,. As far as the accounts of receipts and dis-
sion down the Potomac o 1 Tuesday evening, the 14 b day of June; bursemnents of money are concerned, they seem to have been kept
and return at a seasonable hour to Reily's wharf, and preserved with a commendable degree of regularity and ac-
The Boat will leave Georgetown at 3, Reily's wharf, Washing- curacy.
ton at 4, Navy Yard at 5, and Alexandria at 6 o'clock. The Com- On the 10th of May, 1828, the accounts of the board appear to
pany respectfully invite their civic and military friends of the have been settled up and balanced on their books, but whether
District, and assure them that nothing shall be wanting to make then toommunicated to the Councilor not is notshown, and if they
the trip agreeable to all who may attend, were, it does not appear what action, if any, the Council took
Good Cotillion Music and refreshments will be provided for the upon them.
trip. Tickets one dollar, admitting a gentleman and two ladies. On the 15th of October, 1830, the accounts were again halane-
may 27-w3t ed, and then returned to the Mayor, who, on the 18th of the same
month by a special message, communicated them to the Council
irATCH PONIES AND BAY MARE AT AUC- Prom that message the committee think a short extract may no
TU 'I'UN.-On Saturday morning next, the 28th instant, at be unacceptable to the Board. They therefore quote as follows:
9 o'clock, we shall sell in front of our auction store a handsome As errors may possibly have occurred, and for other reasons, it
pair of black Ponies, well broke and gentle, would be very satisfactory that the Board should go into a parti
At the same time we shall sell a fine Bay Mare, 7 years old, cular investigation and examination of them ;" i. e. the accounts.
perfectly sound and gentle, and works and rides well. In partial accordance with the recommendation in the lorego
Terms at sale. R. W. DYER & CO. ing extract, the accounts and vouchers were nefeired to the then
may 27-2t Auctioneers. Committee of Ways and Means; but no further action appears
ever to have followed, except the passage of a law appropriating
tJUSEHt)LD IFURNITURE AT AUCTION.- a few hundred dollars to enable the Commissioners to discharge
On Monday next, the 30th instant, at half past 10 o'clock, some outsiandingclaims which they were not in funds to meet,
we shall sell on East Capitol Street, Ithe flag wilt designate the It is not the province of this committee at this late day to con
house,) the furniture of a lady declining house-keeping, which trast these apparent omissions of duty with the obligations always
is very good, and amongst which are the following articles : incumbent on those entrusted witim the care of the public interest
Handsome mapSo caneseat Chairs L sbut they wilt ass hat is occasion, involving, as it did, an ex
Coquene Sofa, Moree covered Lounges pendtture of nearly $75 000 of the funds of the Corporation up to
Damask, Moreen, and other Window Curtains and Ornaments that time, did justly claim the investigation and scrutiny then so
Mahogany Sideboard, Dining, Breakfast, and Tea Tables earnestly recommended hy the Mayor.
Mantel Ornaments, Candelabras, Astral, Hall, and other The vouchers to the last mentioned date are not amongst the
Lamps books and papers referred to the committee, and therefore they
Handsome Silver Tea Set, Silver Table Dessert, and Tea Spoons, can only say that from the apparent regularity and order with
Ladle, &c. whir, they seem to have been conducted and kept, they believe
Bourbon Sprig China Dinnr Set that the sit accounts, as stated at the periods mentioned, viz.
2 Gold Band Tea Sets, Glass Ware May 10, 1828, and Octnber 15, 1330, werecorrect.
Brass Andirons, Fenders, Shovels and Tong Every item in the account since the latter date is properlysup-
Portable Grate and Franklin Stove ported by its corresponding voucher, and is in the highest degree
Handsome Bnr ssels and Ingrain Parlor, Chamber, and Step satisfectory; and the whole, as appears by the stated accounts,
Carpets, Oil Cloth exhibits an aggregate cost to the Corporation since the organiza-
Hearth Rugs, Stair Rods, Mahogany Workstand, &c. lion of the Board, on the 14th July, 1-d0, up to the termination of
Mahogany Dressing and ether Bureaus, Wardrobes and Wash- its l|bors, amounting to the sum ot 850,972 85, less the amount
stands paid by the United States for that portia, of the building occupied
Large French Bedstead, High and French Post Bedsteads, by the courts and their offices, believed to have been $10,000.
Feather Beds On the 3d of January, 1839, the Councils passed an act abolish-
Hair and other Mattresses and Bedding ing the office of Commissioners of the City Hall, and within the
Toilet and other Looking Glasses last two months another act directing the transfer of 8236 44
With many other articles, and a good assortment of Kitchen standing to their credit in bank to the credit of the general fund ;
requisites, amongst which is a New York premium Cooking thus finally terminating the agency and at the same time the legal
ASoe a good it C existence of the Board.
Also a good Milch Cow .In conclusion, it is due to that Board of Commissioners to state
Terms : All sums of and under 825 cash ; aver $25, a credit that their duties were of long continuance, say twenty years, and
of 60 days ; and four months for notes satisfactorily endorsed, entirely gratuitous-no member of it ever having received a dol-
All goods to be settled for before delivery. Ian for his services. And that, in the opinion of the committee,
J-The above House, and the two adjoining are for rent. founded on the reasons before adverted to, all the funds which
R. W. DYER & CO. ever passed through the bands of the Commissioners were faith-
may 27-ThSat&Monif Auctioneers, fully applied and duly accounted for, and that the said Commis-
P IANOS, PIANOS.-The undersigned respectfully in- sioners have thus-performed an elaborate service, highly and
forms the public of Washington that hae has brought to this equallv important to the city and creditable to themselves.
place several new Pianos, of rosewood and mahogany, of the la- Mr. HALIDAY, from thle Committee on Improvements, to whom
test style, and the best quality in regard to tune, touch, and work- was referred tte petition of John Y. Bryant and others, reported
mianship, which he will sell at the very lowest price for cash. bill entitled An act to provide for the extinguishment of fires;
These instruments will be warranted for five years and longer, which was read threh times and passed.
and can be seen for one week only at Mr. Reiss's music snore Mr. JoHNstON, from the Committee of Ways and Means, to
Pennsylvania avenue. On hand, several Music Stools. whom was referred, on the 4th December last, a report of the se-
W. KNABE, lect committee on the subject of the inspection of tobacco, asked
may 27-d I w Pianoforte Maker, Baltimore, Md. to be discharged from its further consideration, and the report was
y 2~-d- m -ianoortMakrBltioreM laid on the table.
G ENTLEMEN'S SUMMER CkAVATS, SUS- Mr. HALIDAY, from the Committee on Improvements, to whom
PENDERS, &c.-J. H. GIBBS, at his Dressing- wasreferred, on the llth ultimo, a memorial respecting a supply
Room, Gadsby's Hotel, has on hand a beautiful assortment of- of water in a certain part of the Second Ward, asked to be dis-
Gentlemen's Cravats, Stocks, Scarfs charged from the further consideration of the same; which was
Thread and Silk Gloves, Handkerchiefs agreed to.
Cravat Stiffeners, Paris Kid Gloves Mr. FULMER, from the Committee of Claims, to whom was re-
New style summer Suspenders ferred the petition of A. R. Jenkins, asked to be discharged from
Muslin Shirts with linen bosoms and collars its further consideration; and the committee were accordingly
Fine Linen Shirts discharged.
Shirt Collars, Byron and other shapes Mr. FULMER, from the Committee of Claims, to whom was re-
With a variety pf other articles, may 27-3tif ferred the petition, reported a bill entitled An act for the relief of
B. Lucas; which was read three times and passed.
1 OTICE-.-ZACHARIAH L. McELFRESH, a bankrupt, And trom the same committee, to whom was referred the bill
.N hasfiled his petition for his discharge and certificate, and the from the Board of Aldermen for the relief of Joseph Wimsatt &
22d day of August next is appointed for the hearingthereof, before Co., reported the same without amendment; and the bill was
the Circuit Court of the United States forthe District of Columbia, read the third time and passed.
sitting in Bankruptcy, in and for the County of Washington, at Mr. HAsKNtEs, on leave, introduced a bill entitled An act con-
10 o'clock A. M., at the Court-room, when and where all his cerning the opening and paving of alleys ; which was read three
creditors who have proved their debts, and all other persons in- times and passed.
terested, may appear and show cause, if any they have, why On motion, the bills for the relief of Henry R. Rebinson and for
such discharge and certificate should not be granted, the relief of James H. Birch, were severally taken up, read three
By order of the Court. Test: times, and passed.
may 27-3t WM. BRENT, Clerck, And then the Board adjourned,
THURSDAY, MAY 26,1842.
In the Senate the apportionment bill was taken up. at an
early hour, apparently with the expectation of deciding the
question on the ratio. The numbers sent from different eide .
of the Senate ranged from ninety-two thousand to fifty thou-
sand one hundred and seventy-eight, with the understanding
that the question should be taken on the higher numbers
A very long and animated debate ensued as to which num-
ber of Representatives would be most conducive to the des-
patch of the public business, &c., in which Messrs. SEVIER,
PRESTON, CALHOUN, WOODBURY, CRITTEN-
DEN, ALLEN, BUCHANAN, SMITH, and others par-
The Senate adjourned at near 5 o'clock without taking
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The Journal of yesterday was read and approved.
Mr. LOWELL, on leave given, presented the memorial
of Samuel M. Pond, John N. Swazey, Sewall Lake, and
Henry Darling, a committee appointed 10y the citizens of
Buckaport and adjacent towns in Maine, praying Congress
to make such provision in the Revenue bill now pending as
will check the introduction of wood, spars, &c. from the Brit-
ish provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, and se-
cure an additional revenue to the Government.
Also, the proceedings of a meeting of thecitizens of Bucks.
port and Orland, Maine, on the 12th May, 1842, in relation
,e the depressed state of our coasting trade, and some of the
principal branches of industry connected therewith.
Which were referred to the Committee of Ways and
INDIAN HOSTILITIES IN FLORIDA.
Mr. LEVY asked leave to offer the two following resole-
tions, which were read for information:
Resolved, That the Secretary of War be directed to report to
this House all correspondence since 1st January last, between the
present commanding offil:er of the United States army in Florida
and ihe Department of . nr, and all noders which have been re-
"ently issued from said Department in relation to the Indian hos-
And be it further resolved, That in the opinion of this House
there ought to be no cessation of hostilities against the Seminoles
in Florida until the whole of said Indians shall have-been effec-
Mr. LEVY wished to have read an extract of a letter from
a paper of this morning. The following extract was then
"FLORIDA.-A letter from Newnansville, East Florida, dated
May the 16th, informs us that at Santa Fe, which is about twelve
or thirteen miles west of Newnansville, the Indians had, on the
morning of the 16th, most cruelly murdered Mrs. Casey and her
two children, and also wounded Mr. Casey so severely as to
leava little hopes of his recovery. But the scene of death did
not end here ; for on the following morning, whilst the neighbors,
who had gathered for the purpose, were engaged in paying the
last tribute of respect by seeing Mrs. Casey and children decently
interred, they were fired on while at the grave, it is supposed, by
about twenty Indians ; one man was mortally wounded, and
several others were wounded. Three horses were killed at the
Thus (said Mr. L ) it will be seen that on the very day
he had had the honor to comment upon the peace message
of the President, a shocking tragedy was being enacted in
Florida. He thought that under such circumstances no ob-
jection should he made. It was a case involving the lives of
citizens; and, if necessary, all other business should be post-
poned to it. Would you balance dollars with the lives of
your people I
Mr. EVERETT said it was evident the resolutions would
lead to discussion. He must object.
Mr. LEVY said that if it did, he thought it Was right the
House should interpose its authority for the protection of its
fellow-citizens against the fatal consequences of the mistaken
policy of a weak Administration. But if the House was
unwilling to consider the subject at present, be would with-
draw the last resolution, and hoped the first would be
The second resolution was withdrawn, and the objection
was also withdrawn; but Mr. YORKE renewed it.
Mr. LEVY moved a suspension ot the rules; but, on his
consenting to modify the first resolution (on the suggestion of
Mr. McKAY) so as to restrict the correspondence called
for to the first of January last, the objection was with-
drawn, and the resolution was adopted.
Mr. FILLMORE called for the orders of the day.
The SPEAKER said the unfinished business would be
the motion of the gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. CsuH-
INO) to reconsider the vote referring certain bills to the Com-
mittee of the Whole on the state of the Union.
Mr. CUSHING said he feared there was no quorum pre-
Mr. MORGAN. Never mind if there isn't.
Mr. CUSHING suggested that the call for committees,
which bad been arrested yesterday by the expiration of the
morning hour, should be concluded.
Mr. FILLMORE said, such he supposed to have been the
understanding yesterday, and such was his object now in
calling for the orders of the day.
After some conversation the SPEAKER resumed the call
REPORTS OF COMMITTEES.
Mr. C. A. FLOYD, from the Committee on the Territories,
made a report upon the memorial of the Mayor and Council
of St. Augustine, for an appropriation to fill up the grounds
along the sea-wall In front of said city, accompanied by a
bill making an appropriation for that ol ject.
Mr. GARRET DAVIS, from the same committee, made
a report upon the memorials relating to the disputed boun-
dary between the State ofMissouri and the Teritory of Iowa,
accompanied by a bill to fix said boundary line.
Mr. HAYS, from the same committee, made a report upon
the memorial to finish the penitentiary in Iowa, accompanied
by a bill for the completion thereof.
On motion of Mr. BABCOCK, it was ordered that the
Committee on Revolutionary Pensions be discharged from
the consideration of the petition of inhabitants of Livingston
county, New York, praying an alteration of the law of the 7th
July, 1838, granting pensions to widows of Revolutionary
soldiers, and that it be committed to a Committee of the
Whole House to-morrow.
Mr. TALIAFERRO, from the Committee on Revolution-
ary Pensions, reported a bill for the relief of Elizabeth Har-
ris, and a bill in relation to Captain Rbert Layton's children.
On motion of Mr. TALIAFERRO, it was ordered that
the Committee on Revolutionary Pensions be discliarg, d
from the consideration of the petitions of Christiana McC one
and Mary Eve Carney, arid that they do lie on the table
Mr. FORNANCE, from the Committee on Revolutiionary
Pensions, reported hills for the relief of Mary Elder; of the
,vidow of Captain William Royall, deceased; of Prudence
Couch; of Anna Jones, and of Maria M. Brook, accomp.a-
oied by a report in each case.
Mr. MORRIS, from the Committee on Invalid Pensions,
made a report upon the petition of Asa Davis, accompanied
by a bill for his relief.
On motion of Mr. MORRIS, it was ordered, that the
Committee on Invalid Pensions be discharged fr m the
onsitderation of the petitions of John McNair, Jane Edster,
and Jane Moore, and that said petitions to lie on the table.
Mr. BAILER, from the Committee on Invalid Pensions,
made reports adverse to the petitions of Luther Gregory and
Francis Griffith. Ordered to lie on the table.
Mr. DOAN, from the same committee, reported bills for
the relief of David Akerson, Samuel Neely, Samuel Sweet.
man, and Samuel Emerson, accompanied by a report in each
Also, from the same committee, unfavorable reports upon
the petitions of George Gallaher, Allen Fr'.,*-. i, Pethuel
Foster, and Margaret Reynolds. Ordered to lie on ihe table.
Mr. SANFORD, fiora the same committee, made an ad-
verse report on the petition of Silas Fuller. Ordered to lie on
Mr. AYCRIGG, from the same committee, reported bills
for the relief of Gideon A. Perry, Thomas F. Wiley, and
John Hicks, accompanied by a report in each case,
Also, from the same committee, adverse reports on the
petitions of Eleanor Calkins, widow of David Stark,,
Thomas Carpenter, Robert Milligan,'Hopestilt Bigelow,
James Ivory, Eliakim W. Hutchkins, William G Waller,
Gardner Herron, Jacob Winter, John Newland, and Jon-,
athan P. Horton. Ordered to lie on the table.
Mr. STRATTON, from the same committee, made a
report in the case of George Waddle, accompanied by a bill
for his relief.
Mr. G1LMER, from the Select Committee on Retrench-
ment, made an adverse report upon the several p, titions,
praying a reduction of the pay and mileage of members of
Congress, for abolishing the franking privilege, &c. Or-
dered to lie on the table.
Mr. MORGAN moved that the petition having reference
to the one-hour rule be referred to a select commit ie.
Mr. MALLORY objected.
Mr. IRVIN made a report from the Committee on Enrol-
[The following are the remainder of the reports made yes-
terday, which could not be obtained in season for our last
Mr. COWEN, from.the Committee of Claims, to which
was referred a bill from the Senate for the relief of Reyrell
Coates and Walter R. Johnson, reported the same without
Also, from the same committee, to which was referred a bill
from the Senate for the relief of Richard Patten, reported the
same without amendment, accompanied by a wrinten report,
recommending that said bill do not pass.
Mr. JOHN C. CLARK, from the Committei on Com-
merce, which was on the 14th February instructed to inquire
into the expenditures for the lighthouse establishment since
1816; into the expediency of reorganizing the establishment,
with a view to reform, vigilance, and economy; as, also,
whether the establishment ought not to be placed under the
charge of the Topographical Bureau, made a detailed report,
accompanied by a bill authorizing the appointment of an ad-
ditional inspector of lighthouses and lightboats. Read the
first and second time, and committed to a Committee of the
Whole House on the state of the Union.]
Mr. IRVIN, on leave given, presented the proceedings of
a large and respectable meeting of t11e citizens of (entt
fractured, may 27"--
County, Pennsylvania, held at Bellefonte on the 23d day of
April, 1543, without reipedt to party, in favor of home in-
dustry, and stating that the depressed state of the agricultu-
ral, manufacturing, and commercial interests-of the country
require Congress to adopt without delay such measures as
will restore confidence in business and mitigate the sufferings
of the people. They also state that no country can prosper
which neglects or refuses to protect its own products, its own
labor, and its own industry. That the protection of domestic
industry and labor is no party question; for every man of
every parry feels there is something wrong in our policy, and
that while they ask Congress to pass laws for the protection
of American industry against foreign competition and foreign
policy, they, as individuals, will encourage home labor by
employing and purchasing from our own mechanics, by using
and wearing domestic goods and American manufactures.
Mr. HALL, of Vermont, from the Select Committee ap-
pointed on the memorial of William Wright, in relation to
frauds connected with the Commonwealth Bank of Boston,
asked the House at this time to take up and dispose of the
following resolution, heretofore reported from that committee:
Resolved, That the select committee of five appointed on the
memorial of Win. Wright have power to inquire into and report
upon all matters relating to the collection and settlement of the
claims of the United States against the late Commonw'.alth Bank;
that the committee have power to send for persons and papers;
to appoint a clerk; to proceed to Boston for the purpose of prose-
cuting its inquiries, and that the members thereof be excused from
attendance on the House until it shall have made its report.
Mr. SAUNDERS and Mr. HOPKINS objected.
The report accompanying the resolution was read, at the
request of Mr. HALL, who made a brief explanation ; after
Mr. EVERETT inquired if the committee had not already
power to send for persons and papers ?
Mr. HALL replied in the negative.
Mr. ADAMS inquired of the Speaker if the report was
The SPEAKER said yes.
Mr. ADAMS remarked that if ever there was a case in
which investigation was demanded, this was the case.
Mr. HALL moved that the rules of the House be suspend-
*ed for the purpose of taking up and considering the resolution.
Mr. PROFFIT asked the yeas and nays on that motion;
which were ordered; and, being taken, were: Yeas 128,
So the rules were suspended.
And the question being on the adoption of the resolution-
Mr. PROFFIT suggested to Mr. HALL so to modify it as
to do away with the power to visit Boston.
Mr. HALL declined to accept such a modification.
Mr. PROFFIT said he would move to amend the resolu-
tion in the manner indicated by him.
Mr. HALL said that all the information which the corn
mittee could procure here had been obtained. If the House
thought proper to continue this investigation at all, it was the
unanimous opinion of the committee that the resolution ought
to be adopted in the form in which it was reported. The
committee also thought that the expense incurred by sending
for persons and papers here weuld be much greater than would
be incurred by going to Boston-whilst, in the former case, the
investigation would be far less satisfactory. The committee
had no choice in the matter.
Mr. PROFFIT suggested that a commission might be
issued for the purpose of taking depositions.
Mr. ADAMS adverted briefly to the facts of the case, and
to the action of the two committees which, within the last
three or four years, had been appointed upon it. He advocat-
ed earnestly the adoption of the resolution, and believed that
no. thorough examination could be effected unless the powerI
contemplated in the resolution was given.
Mr. SAUNDERS, after adverting to the facts, expressed
himself willing to probe this matter to the bottom; but thi
only difficulty was whether it was necessary to send a com-
mittee to Boston for the purpose of making the investigation
He thought it was not necessary, or, at all events, not until
an attempt had been made to see whether the investigation
could not be effected here.
Mr. S. moved to amend the resolution (as the Reporter
understood) by striking out all after the word "papers," at
the end of the fifth line, and inserting as follows:
Or to take the depositions of any witnesses, as to them shall
seem most expedient."
Mr. CHAS. BROWN was in favor of the investigation,
but not of giving power to the committee to go to Boston.
Mr. VAN BUREN said that the committee felt perfectly
indifferent as to the result of this resolution ; but that they
entertained the opinion that the investigation could only bl
satisfactorily made in the mode suggested ; and if the power
was not given, the committee, he thought, should be discharg-
ed from the further consideration of the subject.
Mr. BO WNE opposed that portion of the resolution which
gave the committee power to travel to Boston-contending
that if further investigation was needed, there could be no
necessity for that step, (since all the facts might be procured
under a commission;) and that propositions of this kind were
totally irreconcilable with the professions of retrenchment and
economy of which so much had been heard.
Mr. HOPKINS also spoke briefly in opposition to that
portion of the resolution. He was in favor cf the inquiry,
and did not wish to trammel it to any extent. But he believ-
ed that no practical result would be attained by sending t
committee to Boston.
Mr. SALTONSTALL said that, coming from the neigh
borbhood of Boston,and in the necessary absence of his friend
the Representative from Boston, (Mr. WINTHROP,) he (Mr.
S.) felt it to be his duty to say a word. The subject of thet
settlement of the claim of the United States on the Common-
wealth Bank had long excited attention in Massachusetts.
and had several times been alluded to in the House. The
petition and statement, upon which a report had now been
made, have several times been presented to Congress. Upon
what investigation could be made here by a committee, thel
have recommended that the subject should be examined by a
committee, in Boston, where the transaction took place. An
amendment has been proposed, providing that it should be
investigated here, upon depositions to be taken in Boston. Mr.
S. had no hesitation in saying that, if examined at all, it
ought to be done in Massachusetts. It cannot be done in a
satisfactory manner in any other way. A grave charge has
been made, that the United States have been fraudulently de-
prived of a large sum. He knew not whether there was any
ground for the charge. It has been repeatedly made, and it
is time it was investigated. A committee has recommended
a thorough examination. It has been generally understood
that the land set off in satisfaction of the execution was great-
ly overvalued. He was well acquainted with two of the ap-
praisers, and they were men of high standing and character,
who had received repeated and honorable marks of the confi
dence of their fellow-citizens, and, in his opinion, were wholly
incapable of fraud. If there was any fraud, it must have
been in the agreement upon which the levy was made, and
the appraisement must have been merely formal, to carry into
effect an arrangement previously made by the agent of tht
Government and the other parties for the settlement of the
debt. The only objections made are the expense and the
inconvenience of the absence of members at this period of the
session. He believed the expense would be less than must
attend an investigation here; and, as to the other objection,
perhaps the committee could be appointed from among the
absent members, who could be instructed to meet in Boston,
and attend to this business, and return to the House with
their report. The subject ought to be fully investigated ; it
was due to the individuals concerned as well as the Govern-
ment, and it could only be satisfactorily done in Boston, by
an examination of witnesses there.
Mr. YORKE moved the previous question.
And there was a second.
And the main question (being first on the amendment of
Mr. SAusDEas) was ordered to be now taken.
Mr. ADAMS asked the yeas and nays, which were order-
ed; and, being taken, resulted as follows:
YEAS-Messrs. Atherton, Barton, Bidlack, Black, Bowne,
Boyd, Brewster, Aaron V. Brown, Milton Brawn, Charles Brown,
Burke, William Butler, William 0. Butler, Green W. Cald-
well, Patrick C. Caldwell, John Campbell, Caruthers, Casey,
Chapman, Clifford, Clinton, Coles, Cravena, Cross, Daniel,
Richard I). Davis, Dean, Deberrv, Doan, Doig, Eastman, Egbert,
Ierris, Fessenden, John G. Floyd, Charles A. Floyd, For
nance, T. F. Foster, Gerry, Giddings, Gilmer, Goggin, Win. 0.
Goode, Gwin, Habersham, Harris, J. Hastings, Hays, Holmes,
Hopkins, Houck, Houston, Hubard, Hunter, James Irvin, Win.
W. Irwin, Cave Johnson, John W. Jones, Lewis, Littlefield,
Lowell, A. McClellan, McKay, MeKeon, Mallory, Mathiot,
Mathews, Medill, Miller, Mitchell, Morris, Newhard, Oliver,
Parmenter, Patridge, Payne, Pickena, Pliamer, Prom~t, Ramsaey,
Reding, Reynolds, Riggs, Roosevelt, Sanford, Saunders, Shaw,
Snyder, Sprigg, Steenrod, Sweney, John B. Thompson, Under-
wood, Wattersen, Weller, Jas. W. Williams, Wood-96.
NAYS-Messrs. Adams, Allen, Landaff W. Andrews, Ar-
nold, Aycrigg, Babcock, Baker, Barnard, Birdseye, Blair,
Boardman, Butts, Brockwav, Bronson, Jeremiah Brown, Burnell,
William B. Campbell, T. J. Campbell, Childs, Chittenden, John
C. Clark, Cowen, Cranston, Gushing, Garrett Davis, Everett,
Fillmore, A. L. Foster, Gamble, Graham, Granger, Green,
Hall, Halsted, W. S. Hastings, Hudson, Hunt, Joseph R Inger-
soll, John P.' Kennedy, King, S. Mason, Mattocks, Maxwell,
Meriwether, Morgan, Morrow, Owaley, Pearce, Pendleton,
Pope, Benjamin Randall, Alexander Randall, Rayner, Ridiway,
Rodney, William Russell, James M. Russell, Saltonstall, Shep:
pard, Shields, Truman Smith, Stanly, Stokely, Stratton, John T.
Stuart, R. W. Thompson, Tillinghast, Toland, Tomlinson, Trip-
lett, Van Buren, Van Rensselaer, Wallace, Warren, Wash-
ington. Edward D. White, Thomas W. Williams, Christopher H.
Williams, Yorke, John Young-80.
So the amendment was agreed to.
And the question recurring on the adoption of the resolu-
Mr. VAN BUREN moved that the whole subject be laid
on the table.
Mr. ADAMS asked the yeas and nays; which were re-
Mr. VAN BUREN withdrew his motion.
And then the resolution was adopted.
Mr. FILLMORE moved that the House resolve itself in-
to Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union; but
waited the motion to enable-
Mr. HALSTED, from the Committee on Elections, in
obedience to the directions of the committee, to report back
to the House the testimony in relation to the contested elec-
tion of David Levy as the delegate from the Territory of Flo-
rida, which had been referred to the committee subsequent to
its report on the said contested election, on the ground that
the committee, having made a full report in the case, had now
no jurisdiction over the same.
The testimony was then laid on the table.
Mr. MORGAN asked leave to offer the following reso-
Resolved, That the contested election case from Florida be re-
committed to the Committee of Elections, together with the evi-
dencea which has been received by the House since the committee desired to be respected. HIe did not put a question of war, for
made their report.thereon. he held that any immediate war was not only not to be anti-
Objection was made. cipated, but such a war was impossible; for, in the attitude in
Mr. MORGAN suggested to the Speaker that the resolu- which we had placed ourselves, Great Britain could do as she
tion was one of privilege, pleased. Whether there was not something worse than war
The SPEAKER said that he did not so regard it. to be feared in national degradation was a question, and a
Mr. MORGAN moved that the rules of the House be grave question. He desired, once for all, to warn the people
suspended for the purpose of enabling him to offer the reso- of the United States that, if this negotiation failed, it would not
lution. be for any want of truth in the course of the United States, and
Which motion being rejected, the resolution was not re- not from any deficiency of zeal or spirit in the conduct of the
ceived. negotiation on the part of this Administration.
THE ARMY APPROPRIATION BILL. It was at such a time that they were rushing in such hot
haste into a general reduction of the military and naval de-
On motion of Mr. FILLMORE, the House resolved itself fences of the United States, and this when there was no
into Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union, occasion for that precipitation, as, in a few months, they
(Mr. UNDERWOOD, of Kentucky, in the chair,) and resumed would be here again in a situation to reduce the army and
the consideration of the bill making appropriations for thenavy if justified by the termination of the pending negotia-
support of the Army and of the Military Academy for the tion. Nevertheless-they were proceeding with this rash antd
year 1842. headlong haste to this reduction, without any proper investi-
The pending question being on the following modified nation of the wants of the country, of the details of the mil.
amendment of Mr. CAVE JOHNSON, to come in at the end. of itary or naval service, and on considerations that seemed to
line eight him utterly futile.
Provided, That thme ri- ..., ...- -rvice shall cease until the What was the system of the military defences-ofthe peace
number of' ion-comainissi *-.i...d .- an.1 privates in the various defences of the United States7 It was, in the first place, the
companies sf the several artillery arid infmtry regiments shall be efeces the United States It was in the first place, the
reduced Iby death, expiration of term of service, antid such di- navy, by which we were to maintain the sanctity and integ.
charges as the President may from time to time direct, to the riy of our homes-to prevent a foreign enemy from reaching
number fixed by thie act entitled "An act to reduce and fix the and landing on our shores, and especially on the Southern
military establishment if the United States," approved March 2, coast of the United States, there to fix itself on our soil, and
1821 : And provided further, That no part of this appropriation effect injuries on the institutions of the United States. It
shall be applied after the 30th September next to the payment of was, in the next place, the fortifications and harbor de.
the regiment of dragoons established and authorized by the act of fences of the United States, to impede an enemy from land-
23d May, 1836. ing on our shores, or, if he landed, to afford to the'tumultuary
Mr. GUSHING, who held the floor from last evening, assembly of militia which should aseemble to repel invasions
yielded for a moment to- -aand which must in the outset be undisciplined-fortified
Mr. ROOSEVELT, who, by way of compromise, and to shelter from behind which to attack the enemy.
keep the army at its present actual force, offered the following These wete our fixed and permanent defenses. In addition
amendment as a substitute for the pending amendment: to these was any thing else needed If we needed in time of
Provided, That no part of this amendment shall be applied to peace any standing army, this committee was bound to go
the payment of tiny officers or privates hereafter to be appointed into the question of what amount if standing army was need-
or enlisted beyond the number now actually in the service of the ed. If gentlemen conceded that any standing army was
United States. needed in time of peace, it was their duty togo into the de-
Mr. GUSHING said the question presented by the propo- tails of the question and see what number was necessary.
sition beforethe committee yesterday, and it was substantially It became then a question of details, not to be decided by
the same still, Was whether the House would proceed to re- impulse or hastily, but on careful investigation of the details.
duce the existing army of the U. States, or rather associating He gathered, from the universal opinion of all conversant
this questi,,n with that which the House had recently decided with this subject, from the records of Government, and from
on the navy bill. The question presented was whether they all former debates on the subject, that the peace use of the
would proceed to make a great reduction of the defences of army was admitted. What, then, were the uses of thie army
the country by sea and by land. He feared that, having in time of peace ? He answered, first, notwithstanding the
already acquired a taste for blood, it would be difficult for fart that we were to rely on the volunteer or other militia
them to withstand the influencesof that taste. But he felt it force when war comes, yet in time of peace we needed a
his duty not only to present certain considerations to the corn- standing army, a skeleton army, around which as a nucleus
mittee on the specific proposition, but to take a more general an army is to be formed when war comes. He assumed that
view of the subject, in defence of the military defenses of the as a truism.
country at this time, and in opposition to their reduction. lHe assumed further, that we needed in time ofrpeace a cer-
In reference to the proposition to reduce the army, it was tain portion of that description of the army which, from its
properly remarked yesterday by the chairman of the Commit- very nature, required education and instruction, the scientific
tee of Ways and Means, that such a reduction had not been branch of the army, the engineer and topographical corps,
recommended by any branch of the Government. On the which could not exist without education and experience, and
contrary, the Secretary of War in his report had adopted the which, in addition, was always useful to the country, as being
views of the commanding General of the Army of the United the depository of a vast amount of information anil military
States on the subject, and General Scott in his report had knowledge continually useful to Government, which could
entered fully into the question whether or not theceondition of not otherwise exist in the country.
the United States at the present time would admit a reduction He assumed, as the third peace use of the army,its perform-
of the army. Both of these officers, instead of recommend. ance of garrison, post, and guard duty. No man contended
ing a reduction of the army, in fact had come to the opposite that if we needed a certain numberof troopsat our forts they
conclusion, that the public interests required an augmenta- were to be of the militia. Another truism he thought he
tion of it, from fourteen regiments, its present force, to six- might assume was, that we needed a certain quantity of mili-
teen, as recommended by General Scott. These views, ex- taryforceforspecialduties, forthepurposeofoccasionalcontests
pressed in December last, had been confirmed in the commu- with the Indians, for holding the Indians in check and keep-
nication of the Secretary of War of April last. ing a guard on them. This duty required a permanent force
Not only was such a reco-,,mendation not made by any and was to be done by fixed troops. He did not know but
branch of the Executivo Government, hut it was not made by this might be done by the militia, but every gentleman knew
the committee of this House who had the jurisdiction of this it would be far more economical to employ regular troops.
question, who, by their duty as the Military Committee of the He assumed these peace uses of the army of the United
House, were called on to inttii-,ti- this class of subjects, States-uses which all admitted, as thebasis of the conclusion
and were presumed to be i. r ',.- quainted with them than to which he had arrived on the subject. This view was
any other committee. That committee, instead of concurring wholly independent of the war defences of the country. In
in the opinion that there could be a reduction, had declared, time of war they should propose an augmentation of the mili-
through the gentleman from Ohio, (Mr. PENDLETON,) that tary as well as the naval force. The war question did not
such a reduction could not take place, enter into his argument.
The question on the reduction of the navy was decided in What was it that Congress was proposing to do with refer-
a hasty way by precipitate action, and also was not recom- ence to the army, and which it had done on the navy! The
mended by any branch of the Government or by the Comn- House had reduced the navy appropriation from the sum
mittee on Naval Affairs, So that the general reduction of asked for by the Secretary of the Navy, and had made a
the military defences of the country (for it was one question positive reduction of the navy from 1841. It was an error to
with reference to the army and navy) was proposed to be de- suppose that they had merely reduced the navy to the footing
cided in this abrupt and hasty manner in Committee of the of 1841. The navy appropriations for 1841, at the close ot
Whole, contrary to the advice of the Departments and the the second session of last Congress, in round numbers, were
opinion of the Committee on Military and Naval Affairs of $i6,000,000. In August, 1841, additional appropriations were
this House, and in a manner which the gentleman from South made, making a total appropriation for 1841 of $7,416,643;
Carolina (Mr. HOLMES) combatted so eloquently yesterday, whereas the appropriation that had passed this House for
by means of a proviso in an appropriation bill -a mode of this year was .,h.rhn like a million of dollars less than
proceeding necessarily precipitate, ill considered, and pre- this. If gentlemen told him that the appropriations of the
eluding competent and ample consideration, extra session were no part of the appropriations of March,
Was there any occasion for this precipitate mode of stri- 1841, he replied that the addition to that appropriation was
king at once at the military and naval defenses of the country q an implication that it was not sufficient for that year.
The gentleman from Tennessee (-Mr. W. B. CAMPBELL) had There was a reduction ..4f ..n.:lii,.. like a million of dol
observed that it was not possible to get this question beforethe lars from last year in the f I-; T.r. ii, I. for the navy. He did
House except by the Committee of the Whole. Was it solI not know the precise tenor of the bills for the reduction of
If the majority of the House wished to get this question be- the navy, reported by the gentleman from Georgia yesterday.
fore the House, could they riot at all times order a report from The gentleman signified that they contemplated a further
that committee on the subject ? and could not the g, cil. irnar, reduction: so that this House had not only reduced the ap-
who was himself a member of the Committee .n, Miii,mr% propriation for the navy below the appropriations for 1841,
Affairs, bring forward a proposition on the subject in commit- hut a still further reduction was proposed in the budget of
tee, and thus have the subject brought before the House in bills reported by the ,ni.i. u,n. He should judge, from
the form which the rule had decided as the prerequisite todeli- their titles, that they would leave but a small portion of the
beration and decision I They had had proof enough of the Government standing on its four legs. This was proposed in
inconvenience ol this proceeding, and had seen that it enabled regard to the navy of the United States. It was suggested
gentlemen to carry a proposition on a mere hasty impulse; to to him that, in consequence of the action of the House on
prevent which the rules had wisely and properly required this subject, the Department had been under the necessity oh
that appropriation bills should be, what their name imported, countermanding orders for the launching of two vessels.
bills making appropriations to accomplish and satisfy existing In regard to the army, the first proposition had been to re-
laws and not covering the whole field of legislation. Under duce it troma 12,500 to 6,000, then to 8,000, and next to
this abrupt and ill-considered mode of legislation, it was, that 10,000; in addition to which, one of the bills reported pro-
the House proposed, having struck down the navy of the posed a further reduction, to what amount he did not know.
United States, to strike also a blow at the army of the United On these various reductions here was the practical question
States. for the consideration of the committee; whether, consistently
The first inquiry on the merits of the question was, whe- with the positions he had assumed of the admitted uses of the
other now was the proper time to reduce the whole defences of army in time of peace, this reduction could be made compati-
the United States! whether this was riot a singular and most hly with the public interests. No gentleman had gone into
ill-chosen time to make such a movement ? He had said, in details on the subject, or had enumerated the various posts
defending the navy bill, and he repeated now, that he did not and estimated the number cf men required on each of them-
intend tj propagate or invite any war-panic in this House or not even the accurate gentleman from North Carolina, (Mr.
the United States. It was not his purpose in any sort to put McKAY,) who so thoroughly knew the subject from his ex-
this as a war question. He was well aware that, in the suc- perience in past Congresses-to show that this thing was
cesasive stages of the augmentation of the army and navy of compatible with the public interests.
the United States, since he had been in Congress, there That was the first remarkable fact with which he entered
had always been a war-panic associated with these acts on this investigation. The next fact was, that in the report
He knew not but it might be necessary thus to appeal to im of the Secretary of War and Gen. Scott was a minute and
aginary causes of danger. He did not, however, proceed in detailed exhibition of the proposed disposition of the army of
this way ; but desired, on the true facts of the case and the the United States among the various posts, and an analytical
actual attitude of the United States, to defend thearmy before exposition of the amount required for this peace force. To
the committee, as sensible men disposed to look at the interests this no reply had been made. The whole argument had been
uif the country in this decision, indefinite, vague, and inconclusive, or based on specific
What, then, were the facts which had a bearing on this facts which he should show in no sort touched the con-
question? It was perfectly well known that the United States clusiin.
at this moment was engaged in a controversy with the Mexi- G ntlemen shrank from the idea of the magnitude of the
can Republic, in regard to which he must be a very singular army of the United States. What was the number of the
man who imagined that there was to be a speedy amicable army'? 12,000 among 17,000,000 of inhabitants. In other
adjustment of this question, or that the immense claims of the words, 12 to every 17,000 souls in the United States, and
United States on Mexico were to be paid without the United about 48 to his district. It seemed to him idle to say that
States assuming an attitude of menace towards Mexico. The there was any cause of apprehension from that force. Gen-
gentleman from New York said that the claims were two and tiemcn had said they relied on our militia, but it was admitted
a half millions. A claim of two and a half millions on the that we were not to employ militia to garrison our forts.
bankrupt Mexican Republic, torn as it was with civil war, In the next place, there were certain specific charges of
was immense. But this was not one half the case, for the ahuse in the administration of the army of the United States.
commissioners had not yet adjudicated on a large portion of Most of the reunarks of the gentleman from North Carolina
the claims. (Mr. McKaY) consisted of this. On this subject the ques-
He asked the attention of the House to a more serious -mon was, how long had these abuses existed? Had ihey
question, that of the condition of the controversy and nego- sprung up this year, or since the 4th of March, 18411 The
nations between the United States and Great Britain. There gentleman himselt had told them that they were abuses of
were between these two nations three great boundary ques- long standing. On these specific abuses he put it to the gen-
tions, viz. the northeastern, the northern and the north- tlieoan whether they were not ohl abuses '!-whether the
western. There were also three questions itivlving the idea that a military bureau here was a military post, and,
honor of the United States, and which might ultimately therefore, that it drew a double ration, was not an old abuse?
resolve themselves into questions of indemnity, viz. the Car- Why had not these abuses been previously reformed ? Why
oline and the Creole questions, and the question of some six had not the majority, who were in power for twelve years,
or a dozen seizures uf American vessels on the coast of Africa, struck at them n Why had not the gentleman from North
for alleged, and in many instances, to his knowledge, most Carolina himsdIfthen introduced a specific bill fur the refor-
falsely alleged, violations of the law in relation to the slave nation of these abuses, and why did he not now 1
trade. There were two other serious questions-one the Mr. McKAY explained that he had alluded to what he
great maritime question of the liberty of the seas-whether considered abuses in the administration of the army for the
Great Britain, by act of Parliament, or the five great Powers purpose of bringing them to the notice of the House, that they
of Europe, as parties to the quintuple treaty, should interpo- might act umderstandingly when a proposition was sub-
late into the law of nations the universal right of search. And mitted.
there remained the other equally grave qoestiom of the con. Mr. GUSHING said the gentleman from North Carolina
mercial relations between the United States and Great had urged on the committee a long array of antiquated
Britain. abuses, which might and which ought to have been retb med
Without considering other question., there wr-, tl.r..i.l.h by the past Administration, and which, though the gentle-
great questions pending between the United States and Great man professed not to have used them as an argument in favor
Bmitain, and at this time a minister extraordinary and special of reduction, certainly were calculated to produce a bias in
was sent here to negotiate these questions. He entreated the mind towards the gentleman'sside of the question, unless
gentlemen to contemplate the spectacle presentrd to this min- (which was not very usual) the House made an exact ana-
ister of the paralysis of this Government, by dissensions on lysis of the pertinency of the arguments addressed to it to the
party questions, by the bankruptcy of some of the States of question pending. Mr. C. said it was a remarkable fact, that
this Union-the spectacle of, he would not say the unwilling- most of these very abuses existed prior to the law of 1828 for
ness, but the unreadiness of this Housee toraise the means for the increase of the army. It Ihey were an argument for the
carrying on the Government of the United States. Whilht reduction of the army now, surely they were an infinitely
the question here was, not whether this House could raise stronger argument against its increase then ; which increase
ample means to support the necessary establishments of the the gentleman from North Carolina advocated and urged in
Government, but whether it could cut down and prostrate the House. Mr. C. regretted hie could not find the long
those establishments in order to avoid the raising of those speech in vindication of his course to which the gentleman
means. Whilst this was the spectacle which Lord Ahsburton had alluded yesterday. But why had not the gentleman in-
saw, he (Mr. C.) could not but consider that, across the ocean, veighed against these abuses in his speech of two hours?
the British Government, instead of diminishing its necessary They would certainly have been more pertinent then than
establishments, proposed the necessary augmentation of its now, when they were altogether impertinent. What was
army and navy, and was taking the measures to raise the ne- the argument? There are abuses in the army ; therefore
cessary means to support them. But they here, instead of the army must be abolished. It would he as good an argu-
marching up to the difficulty, and imposing on the people of ment to say, there are abuses in this House ; therefore the
the United States such taxes as the interests of the country House ought to be abolished. Or, there are abuses in this
required, to avoid doing this were discussing the question, Government; therefore the Government ought to be abolish-
not whether they would disband the army or not, but, when ed. They either proved this or they proved nothing.
he looked back on the incidents ofthe session, it seemed tobe There remained but one argument now in favor of the
a question whether they would disband the Government. amendment. One gentleman had said that an army of 6,000
What was the effect of this on the mind of the negotiator ? men was sufficient: another that 8,000: another that 10,000
What would be the question in the heart of Lord Ashburton But had gentlemen investigated the subject ? How did it ap-
and his instructor, Lord Aberdeen ? Would it not be," How pear that 6,000 men would be sufficient? on what details did
far can Great Britain insist on these questions ; how far is that calculation rest? Had gentlemen who spoke so defi-
the United States disposed to concede them; and how far is nitrly of results investigated the specific wants ofthe service?
the United States in a condition to insist on them, and to The army now amounted to an actual force of about 10,000:
battle me if I insist on these questions?" How were condi- capable, under existing1hw6, oft-.c mir,; 12,000. Arid sup-
lions to be extorted from a powerful and proud rival of the posing the ranks to be filled, how many men did it give to
United States? Were they to be demanded by the honor of our frontier! The Secretary showed it was but a man for
the United States unless we were in an attitude to demand every two miles. The troops could scarcely see each other:
conditions ? Were we to disarm ourselves, and throw our. they were not enough to mount guard on the frontier of the
selves on the mercy of that Government for such terms as she country.
might vouchsafe to usI We must respect ourselves if we [Mr. McKEoN. Try the British army by that test.]
Yes ; and let me tell him that he cannot go to a British
port throughout her vast dominions and find no man to re-
spond to a salute fired. British fortifications were not left
in this disconsolate condiWon. How many days ago was it
since there was not a man in the fort at Annapolis to fire a
gun when the Warspite landed Lord Ashburton 7
[Some gentlemen on the other side of the House stated
that two years since there had not been soldiers in the har-
bor of New York to return a salute.]
Mr. C. here adverted to our four lines of frontier and the
military works every where going to dilapidation and decay
for want of men to keep them in order : to the body of
60,000 Indian warriors concentrated within striking distance
of Little Rock and St. Louis. The gentleman from Ten-
nessee (Mr. CsAMPneLL) had said that the increase of the
army in 1838 had no respect to the wants of the West; but
Mr. C. appealed to all gentlemen here present who were in
the Hlouse at that time, to witness that the wants of the
West, so far from having been overlooked, constituted the
primary consideration for that measure. It was the chief
argument used : all must remember with what zeal and per-
tinaci'y Mr. Yell (now Governor of Arkansas) pressed the
bill on that very ground. The number of Indians had not
diminished since that time ; and there was need that the
flag of the United States should float before their eyes, if
for nothing else, as a means of maintaining the police of
the border and preserving order among the Indians them-
selves. What was the chief source of difficulty in the state
of thoie people? It was the fact that the buffalo retreated,
as if by the force of instinct, from before the march of civili-
lation and the presence of the white race. But hunting the
buffalo was the chief reliance of the Indians (obstinately
refusing to engage in agriculture) for actual subsistence
and they were placed by the Government within that belt
of about 100 miles in width, from which the game were re
tiring, or whence they had totally disappeared. Hence the
Indians were in a starving condition and loaded with debt,
and became irritable and lawless and ready to violate the
peace of the border, and were compelled to make those fre-
quent cessions of their land which occasioned our nume-
rous Indian treaties. To enforce the police of such a re-
gion, it was indispensable that we should have troops upon
our various posts.
Then it had very properly been suggested by the Secreta-
ry of War that it would be expedient to throw some posts
in advance into the interior to preserve our connexion with
the vast region beyond the Rocky Mountains. But how
could all this be done without troops ?
Mr. C. here adverted to the singular political aspect of the
House in regard to this and other questions of reduced ex-
penditure. The Whig majority were placed in the painful
alternative of either making the requisite appropriations of
money to sustain the institutions of the country and the
inmeans of its defence, or incur the blame of suffering them
to fall into dilapidation and ruin; the difficulty of which pos
lure was aggravated by the fact that, in the closing year of
the last Administration, all those establishments of the
Government and all its expenditures had not merely been
reduced, but cut down to the point of mere existence
itself. From an extreme of reckless extravagance Con-
gress seemed now to be rushing into the opposite ex-
treme of reckless reduction and demolition. This was
worse a thousand limes. They seemed now resolved to
compel the Government to run under bare poles. They
were enabling their opponents, before long, to say to the
People, See, all the institutions of the country are ruined-
destroyed by Whig misrule!" Th(ir course in the civil
departments of the Government was much the same.
The diplowitic corps, by the blessing of God, had escaped
safely through the House: but all the contingencies of the
Departments had been refused in the appropriation bills, and
whether they would pass at all, who could say ? They had
been rejected because there were not two laws to be shown
for them. They had the sanction of law: for what was an
act of appropriation but a law of the land? But because
there was not a permanent statute for them, they had been
thrown out of the bills; and, in consequence, there were
clerks, who had done duty faithfully for six months, and
were not yet paid a dollar. The prostration'of the army
and navy was of a piece with all the rest. The dominant
party coull not escape the responsibilities of power, and need
not expect it. The course of the House reminded him of
the language of Regan and Goneril, in Shakspeare's immor-
"What? fifty followers ?
Is it not well ? what should you need of more .
Yea, or so many ? with that both charge and danger
Speak againstt so great a number. *
What? must I come to you
With five and twenty, Regan I said you so ?
Regan. And speak it gain, my lord: no more with me.
Goneril. Hear me, my lord:
What need you five ant twenty 7-ten?-or five ?
Regan. What need ONE'iT
This seemed to be much like the argument of the Demo-
crats of the House. [A laugh.]
Mr. C. said he was aware that this movement to reduce
both the army and navy was connected with the tariff ques
lion ; and that it was prompted, in part,by the fear of laying
taxes and passing an adequate revenue law. Instead o!
honestly inquiring what the necessities of the Government and
ofthe country actually dentanded,and then providingthe means
to meet them, gentlemen reversed the case, by pre resolving
that they would riot raise a revenue, and then setting them-
selves to work to cut down the national defences, lest ii
should be necessary.
Mr. C. insisted that it was wrong to destroy the Govern
meant to save money, or to cripple the Government to savi
money. It was not economy, but ultimately must turn out tr
be the most wasteful extravagance. If gentlemen humbled
the nation before a foreign Government-if they said to Great
Britain you may tread upon us, you may spit on us, but we
are afraid to voteto taxes-must it not lead to a state of things
producing such an irritation in the public mind as to render
war in the end but the more probable? On the contrary, it
we took with her a dignified position, as power to power, a,
equal to an equal, and treat with her for all that our honor and
our interest may require, would it riot be the most likely way
of securing good treatment and preserving lasting peace'
In this view the present course seemed to him as any thing
but true economy. And, besides,adid not gentlemen perfecll)
well know that, if they pressed i-t tri.i., so far, there must
necessarily come a tremendous i-c,.ii., Gentlemen might.
in this whirlwind of so-called retrenchment and reform, re
duce all the branches of the public expenditure to the lasi
possible minimum; they might run a horizontalsectionthrough
the entire expenses of the Government, and cut off at a blow
whatever sum peeped above it; but all men of sense and ex-
perience could not hut well know that a tremendous and des
truciive reaction must be the inevitable consequence. The
People would not bear it. The institutions of the country
would resist and repel it; there would be a renovation, a re-
creation of all that had been destroyed. The public indigna-
tion would clear away the chaos of reins, and build in its
place a new creation, greater perhaps and more magnificent.
These dilapidalions must be paid for, and far more money
would be needed than if the Government had been properly
supplied with suitable and necessary means.
This operation would show how much easier a thing it was
to pull down than to build up again. The navy was like a
beautiful tree: a very short operation laid it low, but a long
time would be requisite before it could grow up to its former
beauty. Gentlemen acted as if they wielded the power of
omnipotence, and had but to say Let it be," ansi all would
be created. But this was an impracticability ; and so they
would find it. He protested now, beforehand, against thi.
work of demolition and destruction. He was as willing as
others to correct abuses which were proved to exist ; but he
must protest against this spirit of ilind and reckless aitd uni-
versal reduction, which threatened whatever was most valu-
able in the country.
Mr. GILMER said he had listened attentively to the
speech of the honorable gentleman from Massachusetts, and
it contained much with which he entirely concurred. The
general principles laid down by Ihat gentleman were, in gem-
eral, sound ; but the deductions which Mr. G. drew from them
were in favor of and not against retrenchment and reform,
Hecouid assure that honorable gentleman that this tempest
of retrenchment," which he seemed so much to dread, would
not produce such general desolation and ruin as the gentle-
man seemed to apprehend. The effect would be, not ruin,
but renovation, recreation, from the ruins of a long abuse.
It was not proposed to cut down the tree, either of liberty or
law; but merely to lop off some decayed and useless branches;
not to louch the root, but only to cause its shade to spread the
wider over the rights and liberties of the country, so that we
might sit in security" under our own vine and our own fig
tree, with none to make us afraid," The gentleman's appre-
hensions were entirely groundless. The gentleman had not
only most pathetically adjured the House, but had resorted to
the power of poetry, and very beautifully quoted Shakapeare.
He had presented the melancholy spectacle of fallen royalty,
reduced by his own folly and extravagance to dependence on
unnatural children; and had given the words of his hard-
hearted daughter. Mr. G. would answer him by quoting, in
reply, the words of Lear himself, taking the liberty of chang-
ing one word that could not be spoken here: "Let commerce
thrive, for Lear wants soldiers.'" Let peace, let commerce
let order, let economy thrive, for the country wanted soldiers,
and that was the way to get them.
Mr. G. had followed the remarks of his friend from Mas-
sachusetts through all that part of his speech which referred
to our foreign relations, and had listened with anxiety to dis-
cover whether the gentleman had any information which Mr.
G. did not possess as to the prospect or danger of a foreign war.
For he Would answer for himself, and hlie was sure for all
others on that floor, that in case of the approach of a foreign
war this question was settled. The argument of the gen-
tleman from Massachusetts amounted to this: that all those
who desired a reduction, either in the army or the navy, were
enemies to their country, and were opposed to, national de-
fences in time of war. But Mr. G met this as a peace ques-
tion, as the gentleman had stated it to be. Had the gentle-
man argued to show that there was any necessity fur us to
go to war either with England or Mexico ? Not at all: the
gentleman was advocating a peace establishment. But, with
the gentleman's accustomed ingenuity and ability in debate,
while he spoke of peace he hinted pretty plainly at war. He
adverted to our unsettled claims on Mexico; but had he ad-
vised war with that Power? He had not; but he thought
it might be expedient to "menace" Mexico as a means of ob-
taining what was our due. To menace Mexico 1-keep up
our army of 12 500 men, and march them through Texas for
the purpose of menacing Mexico! The gentleman was too
good a soldier and statesman seriously to think of such a
thing as this. If the gentleman seriously desired that we
should menace the Mexican Government, he would have re-
ferred to another branch of our military power: he would
have spoken of the navy. Why,eitherof thetwo war steam-
ers that now lay in sight from this Capitol would be more
than sufficient for such a purpose as that, and would very
speedily convince that feeble Power that we were in earnest
in demanding our rights. Mexico! Mexico require the Uni-
ted S-ates to put on her armor'! Why one would have
thought that the menace had come from the other side, and
that we must keep up a respectable army lest Mexico should
invade us I-one of the most imbecile of all the Powers of the
But the gentleman had alluded also to questions af nego-
tiotiation between this Government and that of Great Bri-
tain-a Power in the opposite extreme-the most formidable
nation on the globe, and one who seemed to be stretching her
arms fast around it. But, though she was thus powerful,
she was not likely to be easily provoked int6 a war with the
United States on any slight considerations. The gentleman
had made out his six points of controversy between the two
nations, three having respect to questions of boundary and
three toqnestions of national honor.
Mr. G. here alluded to the wsidom and political sagacity
which had ever characterized the Government of Great Bri-
tain, and to the talent and experience of such statesmen as
Ashburton, Peel, and Aberdeen, and insisted that they were
wiser than to desire war with us, if it could well be avoided.
He adverted to the condition of the English Government
both at home and abroad-to the dissensions among her
home population, now more serious than had threatened
that proud realm for centuries.
The cry of retrenchment and reform had risen up till it
had reached the throne itself: the demand was not only
heard in Parliament, but at the council hoard. She was in
no condition to desire a war with the United States. Nor
did we desire such a collision more than she. The two na-
tions were of kindred origin, anid were bound by a thousand
ties of mutual interest. Besides, the time was past when the
masses of men in two friendly nations would suffer a hand-
ful of politicians to plunge them needlessly in mutual des-
truction. Should any danger arise, England would be
threatened by it quite as much as we. Let her look to her
colonies, where the spirit of revolt, now slumbering, would
easily blie roused to revolution. England, by a wart would
have more to lose there than to gain here. When the Sax-
on race felt themselves oppressed, they were rnstless and
dangerous: and should revolt once take place, it would be ino
child's play-it would be no question of tariffs or corn laws-
it would be a question of liberty or death.
Mr. G. threw out these remarks in no spirit of menace; far
from it; but merely y in illustration of the position that consi-
derations of justice, of policy, and of mutual interest afforded
sufficient guaranty for a long continuance of amicable rela-
tions with that formidable Power.
He would now turn to more satisfactory subjects of con-
templation-to mutual peace, mutual commerce, mutual pros-
perity. There was no need of putting the army on a war
establishment. Could any body imagine that an army of
12,500 men was going to alarm Great Britiun-aGovernment
with a standing army far exceeding 100,000 men, brave, well
disciplined, well appointed, veteran troops? It was amusing
to think of gentlemen talking about keeping up our army to
its present size as a protection against British aggressions.
Our lit! Ie army were riot going to scare a man or a woman
either in Great Britlin or in Mexico. The Anglo Saxon
race were inot easily scared. As to Mexico, they, to be sure,
were a different race, and Mr. G. would not like so well to
answer for them. No, no; if war must come, our resources
were not in this army of twelve thousand men. They
were scarce sufficient for the nucleus round which to con-
gregate our f,-rces-scarcely a first platoon, a marching di-
vision to repel an invading enemy under British officers.
We must rely upon our People-upon the militia of the
land. This was our real reliance at all times. The entire
spirit and services of our institutions-prejudices, if you
please, the honest manly pre!udicea of our people, were all
decidedly against standing armies in time of peace. And
had not all our previous history justified us in looking to
the militia as our right arm ? How many of our glorious
fields had been won by militia forces'? The regular
array could not defend us; it could serve to stand on the
right anrid let the militia dress by its columns. It served to
keep up military knowledge and a military spirit among us,
and to preserve an able staff against the time they would be
wanted. Our staff was sufficient to the command of an army
of 50,000 men. With such a provision of military depart-
mernts, and with such officers, it would( be easy to fill up the
ranks whenever the country was seriously threatened. In
the last war we began with a mere handful, yet we came out
of the contest covered with glory.
The gentleman from Massachusetts had charged an undue
desire to reduce and weaken the army. Mr. G. would retort
upon him, and inquire whether he was for increasing it?
Was it his idea that we were to keep up, in peace, such an
army as would defend us in war 1 No, that was not, he was
very stre, the thought of any gentleman on that floor. Then
the practical question was, what force ought to be retained as
a peace establishment? Mr. G. sought not to cripple the
Government-not to push retrenchment to the injury of the
public service. To .i-i.,r, the G )vernment was necessarily
to injure the People. N.. blow could be inflicted on the one
which the other would not feel. Mr. G. did not profess to
be as familiar with the subject as he would desire, and as
many gentlemen around him ; but it seemed to him that there
could b- little doubt that, arguing the question as a peace es
tablishliment, the army might well sustain a considerable re-
duction. He was aware that General Scott had recommend-
ed that the ammy be augmented by two additional regiments,
besides a corps of sappers and miners. Did the gentleman
from Massacnusetts support that recommendation 7 Not at
all, i..r.,h.J any oiher member: it seemed to be conceded,
by general consent, that no increase was at present expedient
Mr. G. then proceeded to inquire whether the army could
not with propriety be diminished. If it could, be thought it
was a retrenchment that ought to be made. He was no
friend to blind and reckless reforms, that did more mischief
than they remedied ; but if he could make out a fair case
he thought the gentleman from Massachusetts would bf
bound to go with him in voting for reduction.
By existing laws the army consisted of 12,539 men, dis-
irihbuted into two divisions, eastern anid western. In the
eastern division, extending from the seaboard to the Ohio and
Mississippi rivers, there were 38 military posts, containing
-2,486 men. Of these posts about 20 were without any troops.
(He spoke of November last, to which the returns came
down.) Of course these 2,486 men were distributed in the
eighteen remaining posts. Ia the western division we had
17 posts, containing 2,176 men. At all the pots, then, there
were, of rank and file, 4,662. The Florida service was
considered as a separate department, and to this were ap-
propriated 5 212 men. So, that the actual military force of
the United States, in November last, was 9,874. The
nominal force Mr. G had stated at 12,539, supposing all the
ranks to be filled. He was informed that, besides the 9,874,
there were about 1,000 of non-combatanils ; by which was
meant rnot men who could not or who would not fight, but of
persons not required to fight at present, including the whole
staff, musicians, &c. The army, as it now actually stood,
was then 10,874.
The gentleman from Massachusetts had said that no gen-
tleman had yet attempted to answer the argument of the Se-
cretary of War, submitted in his report. Mr. G. should argue
the question on the admissions of the Secretary himself. The
Secretary admitted, it seemed, that the Florida war was end-
ed, or approached an end ; or was, at all events, so far over,
that it would not be necessary to retain more than two regi-
ments in the Territory. Admit, then, that these two regi-
ments, containing 1,600 men, were to be ra'tamiscd there.
There were now in Florida 5,212 men: deducting these
1,600, there would remain 3,612, who were no longer wanted
there. Where were they to be stationed? Was the gentle-
man from Massachusetts in favor of fully manning and gun-
ning every fortificatieun throughout the United States ? Was
this desirable? Must we keep up a force in peace such as
we should need in case of war? No man, he presumed, so
much as dreamt of this. To do this would not only put these
forts, but the whole country, revenue and all, upon a war
establishment. Congress, at the last session, had appropriated
for furtifirations $485 500 ; at the extra session, $1,'219.500 ;
and by the present bill it was prop ised to add $(253,000: make
ing in all 5l,998,000--say, in round numbers, two millions
of dollars, Much of this had been appropriated under an
apprehension of war.
Nor was Mr. G. disposed to complain of it. He was
fully aware that posts could not be erected in a day, and that
a wise forecast would provide these in time; and he pre-
sumed the money spent had been faithfully applied. But to pre-
serve these works would require but a small number of men
If they were to be folly manned, our present army must be
tripled in size. Where, then, were the men, not needed in
the Florida service, to be distributed 7 Without pretending
to any great knowledge on military subjects, Mr. G. would
submit his own views as to what would be proper. He
would assign, to all the posts in the eastern division of
the United States four thousand men. That division now
contained two thousand four hundred and eighty-six ; it
would then he necessary to add one thousand five hundred
and fourteen. He thought, as a peace establishment, this
was fully enough. In the western division, he admitted
that more troops were needed in proportion to the number of
fortresses. He approached the subject with great diffidence,
conscious of his want of the requisite information. He was
willing to defer to those who possessed more knowledge and
experience. He sought for truth alone. He was ready to
grant that owing to the policy pursued by the Government
toward the indian tribes, in transferring them to a new
region, and placing them on foreign soil, (as they considered
it,) where they were accumulated within a small space, it
was necessary to keep up a military force on our Western
frontier; but this was the only necessity for troops in that
division. The danger of invasion there was chimerical.
Should this Government endure beyond the utmost hope of
the most sanguine patriot, the foot of an invading enemy
would never pollute the soil of our interior territory. No-
thing was there to be dreaded but the neighboring Indian
Iribes. To protect the peaceful settlers of the new country,
he admitted that an increase of the force now there was ne-
cessary. The present force was 2,176 men in the entire
western division. Mr G, would assume that 4,000 men would
be as many as would be requiiaile for protection. This would
require an addition of 1,824 ssyn; being nearly as many
more as the district now contained.
It must be remembered that there was in that new region
some peculiar sources of safety as well as peculiar sources of
danger. Here he paid a merited compliment to the gentleman
in the chair (Mr. UNDEtWOOn) on that subject, and then
referred to the habits of the Western people generally, their
hardy character, their martial spirit, their familiarity with
warlike weapons, and their fondness for the chase. All these
qualities fitted them, ia an eminent degree, to make soldiers
in time of nee. They could adapt themselves to the life of thA
camp with far more readiness than their brethren east of the
mountains. There was a great difference between handling the
yardstick and handling the rifle. The sharp riflemen of the
West had only to turn their barrels from shooting at deer or
buffaloes to shooting at British soldiers or Indian warriors.
[A laugh.] And in time of war they considered the one
quite as lawful and as creditable as the other. Nor was this
departing from the question ; whatever showed the security
of the West showed, so far, that our army could be lessened
Mr. G. adverled to the zeal of the Western men for liberty,
and related an anecdote of a party of them going down the
Mississippi, who, being hailed by an upward boat, and asked
where they were going, replied with a huzza, We're going
to Texas, to fight for our rights." They were ready for war
at the first tapofthe drum in'favor of the oppressed anywhere.
With such a population filling the country, Mr. G. thought
that 4,000 regular troops would be amply sufficient.
Hie adverted, also, to the increased facility ofconcentrating
troops by means of steamboats, which were now on all the
chief western rivers and streams. These improvements in
the facilities of commerce, he said, were the aria of peace,
which had thus silently prepared for war. They seemed in-
tended by inscrutable wisdom to teach man that peace was
his true policy and his real happiness. War, after all, when
calmly considered, was but a vulgar and brutal employment:
it was an accomplishment in which a bruie far exceeded the
bravest man that ever had lived or died. He did not mean
to disparage military science or military fame : but was it not
true that Julius Cieiar himself was but a coward, a mere pol.
troon, by the side of a game cock or a bull dogI It was
peace and virtue which adorned and blessed human society,
and brought man nearer to a resemblance of his Maker.
It had sometimes been said, as well in the House as out of
it, that we were but badly prepared for war. Mr. G. could
not subscribe-to that sentiment; peace had better prepareJ us
for it than we bad ever been before. The introduction of
steam conveyances had changed the entire face of the coun-
try, and a whole company of men might now be transported,
armed, from place to place, at little more cost and in far less
time than a single barrel of flour could during the last war.
Peace had thus fortified the country, and had thus enabled
us safely to reduce our army, and thereby consult economy ;
which Mr. G. held to be as much the duty of Government
as of individuals. Extravagance was often the cause of
It would be perceived that he thus proposed to keep the
army on a peace establishment of 8,000 men, which would
be a saving of 4,513 from its present number. He considered
this as a pretty large saving, a reduction calculated perhaps
to startle the gentleman from Massachusetts. That gentle-
man seemed to have the growling of John Bull always in his
ears; he trembled at the indignation ef Mexico, and was for
keeping every man in pay. But, if 8,000 men were sufficient,
why attempt to keep up a war establishment in time of
peace I If we were to have war, did gentlemen suppose
that an army of 40,000 men would be sufficient to meet the
hostile forces with which Great Britain would assail us 1
No man could believe it for a moment. Repeating his
disclaimer of any extensive acquaintance with military sub.
jects, and his readiness to yield to the greater knowledge
and experience of other gentlemen, Mr. G. concluded the
first division of his speech, and was about entering on a new
On motion of Mr. TILLINGHAST, the committee rose
antd reported progress, and
The House adjourned.
Among the petitions laid upon the Ct.eRK's table during
the day, under theorder of the 29th March last, the follow-
ing have h"en brought to the special notice of the Reporter:
By Mr. HALL: A petition of 177 workmen employed in the
cotton factories of Middlebury and Bennington, Vermont, stating
that they have been engaged in the business of inanufiieturing
cotton goods the greater part of their lives ; th'it they commenc-
ed in the business when their labor enjoyed the protection of
the Government, and in the expectation that such protection
would not be withdrawn ; that, by reason of the depressed con-
dition of their branch of business, it cannot now be carried on by
their employers but by allowing them such reduced wages as to
furnish to them a very moderate and precarious subsistence ; that
unless relief is afforded, they rust soon be thrown out of employ-
ment by thile stop age of the factories in which they are engaged,
and compelled to seek subsistence in other employment, for
which, by their habits of life, they are unfitted ; expressing their
inability to compote with the pauper population of Europe in the
manufacture of cotton goods ; and praying Congress to impose
such additional duties on foreign importations as will enable them
to pursue their business with the hope of a reasonable remunera-
tion for their labors.
By Mr. J. IRVIN: Three memorials numerouisly signed by
citizens of Huntingdon county, (Penn.) praying Congress to pass
such laws as would sustain the various interests of the productive
labor of this country against similar interest's in Europe, where
those who labor are barely able, and in many cases unable, to
earn enough to keep themselves and families from starving.
Also, one from citizens of Northumberland county, (Penn ) of
the same import.
Also, one front citizens of Centre county, on the same subject.
Also, cue from rLtizens of Union county, on the same sitjPct
ITUATION WANTED.-A situation is wanted by a
young man who has been brought up in the Grocery busi-
ness. He can produce satisfactory testimonials, and will have no
objection to going to any part of the United States.
A note addressed to "A. B. W." will meet with attention.
may 26-d twit
jpIIIBEE OR FOUR FURNISHIIED ROOMS, san
b. e had, either with or without board, in a small family, at
the residence of the late Reverend A. T. McCormick, in the re-
cent occupation of Mr. James W. Rowland, on Sounth B street,
Capitol Hill may 24-eieo3t
ST. JAMES'S HALL, near llagerstown, Maryland.
The Right Reverend the Bishop of Maryland, Visiter; ithe
Reverend John B. Kerfoot, Rector.
This institution will be opened on the 1st Monday in October
next, under the general supervision of the Rector of St. Paul's
College, College Point, New York. From unavoidable delays
in the extensive alteationa and repairs, and the furnishing of the
buildings, the openingof the Hall has been necessarily postponed
from May to October; by which time all the preparations will be
fully made. There will bs in each year one session often months,
beginning on the 1st Monday in October; and but one vacation,
the months of August and September.
Expenses, including every thing but hooks and stationery, $250
per session, payable In every case sermi-annually in advance;
$125 at the openingof the session, and theeamine on the 1st Mon-
day in March. No extras. Pupils will not be received under
twelve years of age. As the number of pupils is limited, and al-
ready partly engaged, those desiring the admission of their sons
or wards, are requested to make early application to the Rev. John
B. Kerfoot, College Point, New York, from whom the prospectus
of the Hall, containing fuller information, may be obtained.
N. B.-Contributions of any books towards a Library for the
Institution would be very acceptable, and may be sent to the Rt.
Rev. Bishop Whittingham, Baltimore. april 23-4wif
'INIREE VALUABLE FARMS, MILLS, AND
. TAN YARDL 'OR SALE.-The undersigned will
sell a great bargain in this very desirable property, adjoining
Coleaville, in Montgomery county, Maryland, and twelve miles
north of Washington city.
One tract contains 304 acres, two-thirds of which is in a high
state of cultivation, more than l00acres ofit is rich meadow land, a
large por tion already set in timothy, and is equal to any bottom land
in the county. The balance is well covered with excellent wood
and timber. The improvements are, a two-story dwelling house,
hearn, stable, and other cut-houses ; a saw-mill in good repair;
also, a new mill and gearing, suitable for a woollen factory or
grist mill, supplied by a large and never-fiilingstream of water;
also, a tan yard of 53 vats, bark and mill houses, beam-house,
and curryingshop, suitable for an extensive business. Three fine
apple orchards, one of which is of the best selected fruit, with a
variety of other fruit trees. This tract abounds with numerous
springs of good water, is pleasantly situated in a good and healthy
neighborhood, and is well worth the attettion of any gentleman
wishing to make a profitable investment; the meadows alone will
yield a handsome revenue in hay, weihout the trouble and expense
attending ordinary farming operations.
One tract, containing abtut 363 acres, adjoining the aforesaid
tract. The improvements are, a large two-story brick dwelling
and two log barns; about two-thirds cleared, the residue in thrifty
wood and timber. Much of the cleared land produces a fair crop,
and is susceptible of high improvement. As country residence,
this property presents strong itducements to a city gentleman,
being a handsome and healthy location, and having a commanding
view cl the surrounding scenery for several miles.
One tract, containing 83$ acres, situated on the little Northwest
branch, half a mile distant from the former, about 50 acres clear-
ed, which is remarkably kind and productive, the balance heavily
timbered, well watered, and healthy.
The above lands will be sold a great bargain, either together or
separate, as may suit the purchaser. The terms will be made
liberal. If not disposed of at private sate previous to the l1th
June, they will be sold on that day at public auction.
For information, inquire of Mr. J. C. Dawes, or Win. Hay-
man, Esq., Washington city, or ef the subs-riber, on the premises.
may 3-TuTh&Sat.t8.if [Globe.]
ROCKVI1.LE ACADEMY AND GYMNASIUM,
Montgomery County, Maryland.-At this institu-
tion there are frequent public declamatioos by the students in the
various languages; also, lectures on subjects of science or liters-
ture. The Mathematics are taught, including Surveying, &c.;
with the different branches of English education pursued at col-
leges; and the Latin, Greek, French, Spanish, Italian, and Ger-
man languages. There is also an elementary class for beginners.
The classics are studied with the thoroughness of European
schools. The greatest attention is paid to the Art of Speaking,
called by the ancients Domino rerum," by which men have
always risen to the highest wealth and honors under a free Gov-
ernment Gestures are taught on the system ofAustin's Cheiro-
nomia. As physical exercise is deemed of high importance to
students, boxing, and fencing with the small sword and broad
sword, are practised in times of recess.
Rockville, located in Montgomery county, Maryland, fifteen
miles fiom she city of Washington, affords, by its healthy and
delightful situation, a favorable summer residence for students
from the cities or the South. The price of tuition, owing to the
liberal State donation, is fixed at the rate of 25 dollars a year, for
all the studies and exercises, without extra charges. Board s100
a year. may 18-d6'&eo6t
IX HUNDRED IEAMS LETTER AND CAP
PAPER.-W. FISCHER has just received by tLi.e sehn-
era Home and Victory, six hundred reams of white ant- blu, Let-
ter and Cap Paper, ruled on three and four sides, which has been
made expressly to order of linen stick by iltreerif 0i, beat tani-
facturers in the United States; conieq.iently, h is nr.iiih tentr
than any other in the market, as no other is entirely of linen.
Suffice it to say, that its superiority over all other peer is ell
known to many officers of Government, who no io,',' wi'l pro-
cure a supply before a system is introduced which will have a
Tendency to exclude its use. The abr.se particular paper kept
Constantly for sale g tly at Stationery' Hall.
S may 23-2aw3w "a