Daily national intelligencer

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Daily national intelligencer
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Vo. XXX.


(3nti.e ce0


WASHINGTON: MONDAY, MAY 9, 1842.


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VUBLiAliAHD 0Y GALIES & EATOE.
: TERMS.
D.ArLyt P anM-4t10 a year--I a month fhr any shorter time.
COouMTaV PAPe-S a year- tfor six months,
PAVABLaI N ADVAMO.ao

NEW HAMPSHIRE AND TENNESSEE.

Entract from the Congressional Reports of the Na-
tional IntelLigencer.

HaOC., or RzPialaNTATIVVa, JANsART 4.
Mr. ARNOLD rose to make a motion which, he said,
might perhaps give offence to some of his Ifriends. It was a
privileged motion. He moved to reconsider the vote of yes-
terday on the amendment of the gentleman from New Hamp-
shire (Mr. ATHERTON) proposing to refer so much of the Pre-
sklem's Message as related to the tariff to the Committee of
Ways and Means.
As Ie did not wish to detain gentlemen, and as this was a
little matter between himself and two of the Representatives
from New Hampshire, (MesArs. BucRa and EASTAsNr,) aod
as the usual dinner hour bad nearly arrived. and gentlemen
might wish mheir dinners, he would merely tax the gentlemen
referred to and the Speaker to stay and hear what he had to
may. It was due to himself that he should make this motion.
Mr. GiDDirso inquired of the Speaker if this motion was
now in order I
ThaSPBeasaC. It is a privileged question, anJ rides over
all others except the question of adjournment.
After some converasalion between Messrs. Wise, ARNOLD,
and the SPnsARn, in a point of order-
Mr. ARNOLD Said, if it was the pleasure of the House, he
would go on now; and he should not feel slighted if gentle-
men did not remain and hear him. He had been assailed ;
he did not regard that, but his State had been assailed and
bis constituents ; and, which was the worst of all, his demo-
cratic constliluents were assailed by a democratic member en
this floor. He wus placed in the awkward position of defend-
ing his democratic consiiLodnts from the attacks of one pro-
feismedly a democrat. His democratic constituents had been
stiumamxzpd ias being neither able in read nor wrile; and if he
were uto sit by here arid not appear in defence tf them, it
ni'aht be said that it was owing to his political bias, and Lbthal
if they had been Whigs, he should have been foremost to
defend then. This was one of the must powerful stimulint
to him to reply to the sosault male by the gentlemen from
New Hampshire on his constituents. He knew no difference
between his constituents on this floor i he represented them
alke, and when their interesis were attacked-when their
repu'ation was assailed, he held the reputation of a Democrat
who was one of his constituenrls jist as sacred as the reputa-
tion of a Whig ; thers was no difference. Hie Ihuught that
the genilrman Irom New Hampshire-if he might be per-
mi:ted to judge of so learned a gentleman, comining from so
learned a State-had been, on this orccaion, exceedingly on-
frtunate-
Mr. BtitXR hero desired the floor; which being granted,
he was understood io inquire of the gentleman from Tennes*
see (Mr. ARN0o) whether his constituents were Democrals
that were not able to read and write ?
Mr. ARNOLD s3il I before he took his seat he would show
that his Democratic constituents had asn much learning as
Smoet of the people in New Uampshire. When interrupt
ed, he was going onto say that he thought-il he might bi
permitted to judge-that the gontleman trom New Hamp
shire had been exceedingly unf.rounste on this occasion, and
to remain that there was once an Irish orator, a native o,
Dul-lin, perhaps, a most distinguished citizen, by the name
of Edmund Burke; andti tlat there was also a Scotahman by
the same aurnamP, who was very disiiiguiihed in his day.
He did not wib to transgress ihe rules of this House, nor
would beif be could possibly avoid it; but he would like to
know from which of these distinguished citizens the gentle-
man from New Hanapohire claimed his lineage 1
S Mr. BURIs (again very indistinctly heard) was understood
to inquire whence the gentleman claimed his lineage 1
Mr. AnNOLO. That was a real New Hampshire trick.
He regretted to see the gentleman so sensitive. He must
apply to him that stale remark,
"Tir gall'J jade winces,
Her withers are well wrung V
And they would be better wrung before he left them. The
gentleman did not choose to answer, and he (Mr. A.) there-
fore took it for granted, from the course pursued by him on
this occasion, that he claimed his lineage from this Scotch
Burke, the resurrectionist," whose profession was to go
about with banditti, and, when they could not get a fresh
grave to opeu, they took the living and clapped them into a
bag; and that was called buckingg" them. He supposed
the gentleman thought he would Burke" him (Mr. A.) but
in attempting to "Burke" him the gentleman had been ex-
ceedingly unfortunate, and had Burked his own friends;
had disinterred cne of them, had raised or raesturiected [a
laugh] one of them. He (Mr. A.) meant the distinguished
memberof the Tennessee Legislature, Mr. Dew. He wished to
show a few discrepancies of the speech of the honorable gentle-
man tfrom New Hampshire, and would begin with his distinguish-
ed democratic friend in the Tennessee Legislature.
Mr. BowNr called the gentleman from Tennessee to order.
Mr. AeNoL said it was too late in the day.
The SPEAKER requested the gentleman to state his point of
order.
SMr. BowNx understood that the question was on the motion to
reconsider the vote of yesterday; and what relation, he asked,
have the remarks of the gentleman ta this question ? How were
they germain or pertinent to the question I If they were not, he
objected to them. The dignity of this House as well as of the
nation required that such a debate as they had had on the main
question, and was now attempted to be continued, should be put
an end to.
Mr. Basti appealed to the gentleman from Now York to with-
draw his point of order. He wished the gentleman from Tennes-
see (Mr. AaRoLo) to be allowed to proceed.
Mr. STASLY said, if the gentleman from New York (Mr.
BowiN) bad been anxious to preserve the dignity of this House,
and had come here a week ago for this purpose, he (Mr. S.) would
bave went with him in it. But the debate had gone on in the
widest range, and the gentleman frrm Tennessee considered him-
self and his constituents grossly assaulted I and now common jus-
tice, decency, and the dignity of this House required that the
gentleman should be allowed the same latitude, in reply to what
had been said on the main question.
Mr. BowNe said, unfortunately he was not in the House during
q great portion of the debate; what hlie had heard of it he had re-
gretted to hear.
The SnAKnE said that, strictly, the debate was not in order,
nor had been much of that allowed on the main question. The
debate bad widened oat by degrees, and the Chair did not consi-
der himself, after the debate had gone on so far, at liberty to ar-
rest it now. The question of order had been raised some days
sinee by the gentleman on his left, (Mr. G. DAvis,) and the Chair
had not at that time felt himself at liberty to arrest the debate, so
wide a range had been already allowed by the House. As long
as the remarks were not personal, the Chair could not arrest the
debate.
Mr. WM. O/B.3rTLER appealed from the decision of the Chair,
and called the'yeas and nays on the appeal.
Mr. CABY, of Virginia, said the gentleman front New Hamp-
shire hid been in orderin his remarks; had been merely defend-
ing himself from an assault made on him in the course of the de-
bate. He protested against the debate being allowed to go on
any further, and hoped the dignity of the House would suppress
such discussion.
Mr. AsaOUn wished the gentleman had thought of the dignity ef
the House a little earlier.
Mr. WIsx inquired if the ,Chair had decided that these remarks
wtre not in orders
The SptAaa. Not strictly in order.
Mr. WIar asid, during the organization of this House a latitude
of debate had been allowed greater than usual; but the House,
by the preseous qdiastion, had now cut off the debate-the majority
had already arrested it. And now the question was raised entire-
ly anew, whether such a debate, wholly irrelevant, and avowed to
be sO, should be renewed again ? When was it toutop? If the
Ho'ise let one member rise and respond to remarks which had
been wade on the debate of the main question, others must be per-
mitted to reply, in all fairness, and where were they to stop? He
hoped the House would dispose of this question of reference, and
let it stand where it was.
Mr. G;LMua had understood the Chair to decide that this debate
wasinot in order, and inquired if he was mistaken in this?
The ScmAnXs said he had decided that, strictly speaking, the
debate was rrelevnnt, nal would be out of order, except fqr the
indulgence that had already been allowed by the House. The
debate had been permitted to take such a latitude that the Chair
now ov' rruled the question of order.
Mr. GIt.asa said when he arose he was under the impression
that the Chair had decided that the debate qas out uf order, and
was intending tosuggest that llhe member could nut pr,-.ceed wlnr-
oui leave of the Hinoe ; and tiht the question of leave would be
first in order, before the '4,iu'sion on the appeal.
Mr. Cassias ilowN said this was merely a qneation whether
they uonid reconsider the vote, and this discussion was not now
in order. He trusted the course of debate would be stopped, and
then, when thet House had agreed to reconsider, they would he
in their original position ; the questi n be open to debate, and he
should weish to debate it.
Mr. ABHOta sid, of all gentlemen he bad ever seen on this


fliOor, he Ihouohi thb gentleman from the precimes of Philadelphia
(Mr. Bnowin) oughi to be the lasl 'o raise tie question of irrels.
vancy. He had hard him (Mr. baowN) make many speeches,
and his owe friend had generally sid they had nothing to do
wili the subject.
Mr. PI LLMO0E desired to call attention to the S3d rule of the
House, which he brad, fo show that the question was pot dabat-
S The SpeArza, In reply, referred to another rule, which, as
" he considered, suthorisd niembera wishing, to speak once on
S the subjeoLt. .
S Mr. GiLxzt *said, with perfect deference to the Charin he
would propound a ieple question. He had understood the Chair
to decide that this debate was strictly out of order, and, notwith-
scandiag, the Chadr permitted it to proceed. He would inquire


uf the Chair where he derived the authority to permit a debate Pampey's statue ; but hs was situated a hlittlae like Cuasr, in this
strictly out of order to proceed at all ? respect. t hat he miiehit say to the venerable ger.tlemsn from Mae-
Mr. STANV called the gentleman from Virginia (Mr. GItLMERa) sachusetts, (Mr. ADaus,) Et lu Brute!' [General laughter J
to erder. Under the circumstances c.f this case, he ah ild unquestionably
The SPEAKER replied that he could not arrest the debate on be luelified before the world, and t.y bhis constituents, in writing
hli own responsibility, after it had been Indulged by the universal outI hi- speech and publishing his stausltics ; he w,.idh be falfow-
lease and sanction of the House. tog the example of the venerable genilemran from Massachauets
Mr. ASNOLD EBsd he merely wished to say In J.,stifiecatin -if in one thing, and rtie bright and glorious example -If he honorable
himself, anid the Spe-aker would hear witness to the truth of it, member fro-n New Hampshire, (Mr. Buroe,) whose speect was
thlmat at the beginning MI this debate no man had regretted it more a written one. T'are s're, ast ihey aemed 1o apply tihe rules to
than he did sand, seeing how it was widening b5 degrees until it him, be wr ald withdraw ihe mroL.-un uof iecnsideraien ; annd be
should cover he- whole face of bhe earth, ho hid gone to the supposed ibey wiuld adBjourn, go home, and Lake dinner. [Laugh-
Speakerto know if ihrre was not some rule Il.y which they could ter.
seUF this disCusai.n. The Speaker had Lold him there was not.
He had been obliged to submit; the debatli hd ,one on and on ; Mr. ARNOLD says: By a rule of the House no member
and in reply to a few remarks al the gentleman fom New Hamp- can speak twice on the some subject until all ethers, who
shire, the whole delegation ef that State had poured on him their desire t do so, have spoken. Owig to this rule, I was
indignation, and not oaly he, buti h. con-liLtunia had been mr,.- si do s, h poe O t h rul I
furiouisly assailed ; and now he was utterly astonished that there not permitted I) reply to the New Hampshire members
should be an attempt to cut him outi of replying to these things, who spoke alter me, in consequence of a member having
After the debate had gone on to such a length that thy cold nomved e previous question, which cuts all debate.
slaop it. be hsd allowed gei.tlemen to go on; he question of nr.c.r o he p queo, hich cuts uf all debae.
was male on the gentleman fr-m New Humpahire-one ofthl.se I appealed to ithe House not to do me the injustice of or-
who had asaianlled him tMr. A.) so furiously and fiercely ; and he dering the previous question ; but a number of my friends,
had then appealed I. ihn gentleman f nrom Kentu cky I. G. Ia personal and Potical, sad they woudbe very happy to give
via) io withdraw the question of order, and allow the 1 ,enl.m pip
to proceed. He wished now tlo be allowed to reply I,-. him. me an opporiuriovy to make a reply and defend nmy constituents
Mr. W. W. lawi,' succeeded, rmongvt many uompetiotrs, in and Stale, but if the previous question was no. ordered there
gamirig the flit.r, snod sai he wished to stae ahis reason for voting would be twenty others who wanted to speak mud who had
in sustain mhe decision s f the Chair. he ho n nd who h
Mr. Wi. 0. BTLERxasid, a.the appeal would leid to a debate, not spoken, and whowould consequently be entitled to speak
he would withdraw It. bel'oie me. There was a strong inclinaltoi manifested in the
Mr. Bown renewed the appeal. House o dius the e o U ntion-poltal and -
Mr. IEWIsN thensaid neshould sustain thedecisionof the urHo to discus the stat, of t naion-pltc and i
because he wished the genleman froi'Tennessee. (Mr. AsRNoLD.) cla"l. I thought as we had gone so far into this disrcua.ion
'and every gentleman, t. have full opportunity to say just what we had as well go on with it upon this subject as any other.
they might please; and he wished at some future -period, when A great deal of useful information is usually elicited by dis-
the rules of duo House whore ell laid nierde, an opportunity of re-
plying to .ome half dozen gentlemen, who had went off hail- cussion, and, in my opinion, much good id often done. The
cocked at him, misunderstanding and musrepresenting-uni'en-. Whigs said that they were willing to discuss the stale nfLthe
LmLye II n doubl--who the had said.
t W MTallyared.sbia-whthe had ad. nation ; but thought this was not a suitable subject to have
M. W s. SMireH adJresed an inquiry, which wa nt under- the dlIcussion upon-the question being a mere question oh
The SPe said le had decidedthihe cold not arrest any retlereuce; a mere question whether so much ol the Presi
debate which was in reply to any remarks that had been made. dent's message, whth treated of the larff and discrcnmina-
Mr. SaiTH asked if 'hey, by permniing this debate to go on, tang duties shIould le referred to the Committee on Mar.u-
were t. open a field for these gentlemen to settle their private ractIres or to the Committee of Ways and Means Nearly
gilefs 1 Wa hbis debate li be re-copened fo-r the pnrp-lse of en- all the Democrats professed to think wirh me, that as the dus-
liIhteningtlie public minJd, .r for getIlemen i.- as. tile their prieBtL cussion had gone so far it would be just as well to let ii go
differeactr I on ; and many of them slid, too, lh2t they wanted lo give
[Cires of quoianon," "q-iesi.,n," were heard fram many me a chance to defend Tennessee. The previous question
vr:ces.] was carried by three votes-my Whig colleaguLs Ireo Ten-
ThesPEArsEsmiJ sihe ,q.us-tion w.-ild Lbe on the appeal from nessee, a few others, and myself, being the only Whigs
rh. dectiun n the Chair. voting with the Democrats against the IIBevious question. I
Mr. SMITHt further opposed ihe allowing this db-t 10to prceed,must do my colleagues the justice to eaV that they Ihought,
and aed ifit should be re-openedl he sr l .ld desire an opportunity with the great l.budy of the Whbig party, that ihe d hate ought
toapeak,.
Mr. STTANLV seairhi. was only an extra illhwunce, be.-aue ,he to be stopped ; butu asTenr.essee thad been nasailed, and as my
gentleman from Tae-nes'ee (Mr. AaNOLDI) occrpi.d a p.cjiar district had been especially assailed, they thought it was
position. [Lauehi.r ] nothing more than justice that I should have an ..pportuilly
Mr. SMITH was u ndersa.ioil to reply, ihit the gonileman fromi of replying, and therefore voted with me antd the Democrats
North CJrolina IMr. STArNLVY I aptiatrcd veiy familiar with extra against the prevloua question, which, as I before said, 'as
allowances; and ibhat he tid n--t yet received the supply whirt catrred by a majority ot thruo votes. I had no olhir alterna-
lie wul.J recev..-. tive letl' now but to move a rer.jniideraion or u the vute upor,
Mr. STAbLY. I am ready; and shall be very glad to receive Mr. Atherton's amendment or be cut off entirely from my
them. o e. defence. I made the motion, relying upon the implied, if not
CMres Pof"r after repeated attempts, succeeded in gettng(the the express, promise of the Democrats (who had just voted
Mr. PiroFFIT; after repeated attempts, succeeded in getting the wit we agis th i-rvious question) with a few Whigs
floor, and said he preamrmed the House would now see the neose- with me agatuist the Irevious question) with a few Whigs
sity of coming to something like order. (Laughter.] He refer, that I felt confident would vote to give me an opportunity to
red to the wide range of discussion that had been and would still defend my constituents from the foul aspersionse cast upon
he taken, if this debate were allowed to go on, and wished the them by the New HampshireVDeemocrats. If the Democrats
People to understand that the House was now solemnly delibe stood firm, and I could only get three additional Whigs to go
rating whether it would let an illegal debate progress. He called with me, I was safe. The whole diseusion, or nearly so, had
the yeas and nays on the appeal, and challenged on the vote of been upon Mr. Atherton's amendmeT. It has always been
yeas and nays ae expression of opinion of the Housa whether they considered under the rules of order that a motion to reconsider
should have order for the next six months. a vote opens the whole topic upon which that. vote had been
Mr. ASoLDn said he desired to reply to the gentleman. Mr. given. This construction of the rule would enable me to
Speaker (continued he) you have been raised in the Western reply fully to the charges which the New Hampshire Demo-
country and lived in a log cabin, and seen a hungry mouse on crat had brought against my State and my district, and es-
trencher hunting a crumb of bread, and [pointing to Mr. PaoFIratrJ o a yt Democratic constituents. Under t is view
there are just exactly such animals on this floor. You have seen peeially against my Democratic constituents. Under this view
anothers l animalof the case, I was proceeding to reply, and was just entering
another small animal-
Mr. BOWKe inquired of the Speaker if the gentleman was in the threshold of my arguments, had just given the great
order? Edmund Burke (the leading man from New Hampshire who
Mr. AReOLD inquired what the gentleman's point of order was ? had so grossly slandered my constituents) a gentle rap or
He said he was only talking about small animals- two-which it is true (gentle as they were) made him flounce
Several gentlemen here addressed the Speaker, who decided like a whale that had been smote with the harpoon-when, to
that and behold up jumps one of Mr. Burke's political friends
Mr. BowrS was entitled to the floor on the appeal. Mr. B. from New York, (Mr. BowvNs,) who site close by him in the
said he did snt propose to detain ihe Ho.se but for a few remarks House and raised a question of order, as isseen in the fore-
The House had wasted some eight or ten days of-its time in die- going debate, declaring that the debate was not strictly rel.
cussion of the simple question to what committee a portion of the evant to Mr. Atherton's aaeindment, and therefore out of
Pr alent'-, Mesafge shlouldb referred. We-hadheard personal order. Mr. Burke, byv way of keeping up sppearan.'es, im-
allusions, crms.inarr.-i,S and recrtiminations, and where, during all
this time, was the dignity of the Representatives ot the People of plored his friend not to insist upon his point of order, but to
the United States here assembled ? They heard from one side allow me to go on with my reply. But, no! Mr. Bowne was
of this Hall the cry go forth that the People were in distress, that obdurate to all entreaties from every quarter. He most per-
ruin stares them in the face, that the wheels of Government will tinaciously adhered to his question ot order.
have to stop; and what were the People's Representatives doing ? The honorable Speaker decided, in substance, that if this
Why, sitting here and wasting time in a profitless discussion-a was the beginning of the debate he should decide that the
discussion which would be proper at the proper time, but was now remarks made by myself and that the course of debate pur-
wholly irrelevant and out of place. By the previous question the suing and proposed to be pursued by me was irrelevant and
House had solemnly said that thedebate had enduredlong enough; out of order; but as the House had tolerated precisely the
and we now saw a gentleman getting up to move a reconsideration same character of remark and course of debate for a number
of the vote, not to vote for the reconsideration himself, but to open of days past, and as I had been assailed and my constituents
this subject anew; not to speak on the question, but for personal been failed, and as I was replying to remarks which
attacks on individual members of this House. The Speaker had ad been failed, and as I was replying to remarks which
decided that this debate was notstrietly in order, but that it must had been tolerated by the Hoase, and equally as much out
be allowed from the latitude already taken. Had this decision of order as my own, he did not think it would be lust or equi-
been made before the previous question was sustained by the table in the Chair now to arrest a debate that had been tole-
House, he (Mr. B.) should have sultimited; but now thatthe de- rated by the House; nor did he think that either parliamen-
bate had been ended, and the question settled, it struck him that tary law or usage required it. He, therefore, overruled the
the decision was a singular one. This matter could profit them or point of order, and decided that I might proceed with my
the People nothing; and he hoped, for the honor of the House and reply. This I thought was a most fair, just, and honorable
the credit of the nation, that the decision of the Chair would not decision, and one that every just and honorable man should
be sustained. be willing to abide by. But not so with Mr. Bowne. He
Mr. BAnTON, of Virginia, obtained the flor, and remarking knew that almost the entire Whig party had been opposed
that he had been for years in public life, and had never made the to the debate as untimely and out of order from the begin-
motion he now intended, and which lie thought should be carried,
out of self-respect, he moved that the House adjourn. ning, myself among the rest. He knew that the whole Whig
Which motion prevailing, pending the question on the appeal, party almost, with the exception of my colleagues and myself,
the House adjourned, had just voted for the previous question and to stop the de-
bate. He knew that it would be very difficult for me to pre-
TUnSDAY, JANUARY 5. vail upon the Whigs to change front and place themselves in
Mr. ARNOLD said he believed his case now came op before the the contradictory position of now letting me make a speech
House. (A laugh.] after having just voted to close the debate. Mr. Bowne saw
Mr. BowN demanded the yeas and nays the question of ap- that he had me in his power, and he determined not to let the
peal; which were ordered by the House.
The SPEAKER then stated the question. He had understood the opportunity of giving me a blow pass unimproved. He ap-
gentleman from New York (Mr. Bowst) to call the gentleman pealed from the decision of the Chair, knowing that a great
from Tennessee (Mr. ARNOLo) to order for irrelevant remarks. many of the Whigs (from their position to the question)
The SPEAKE haFd overruled the point of order, deciding that would be compelled to ,vote against the decision, or dodge the
although the remarks of the gentleman from Tennessee were question. I knew the difficulty in whichthe question placed
strictly out of order, yet he could not arrest them after the debate my friends of the Whig party. Many of them told mej with
had been allowed such a latitude by the House. Prom this deci- the most profound regret, that they should be compelled to
sion the gentleman from New York had taken an appeal to the vote against re-opening the debate. My reliance was upen the
House ; and the question was now on that afpoal. Democrats, who professed to think with me, that as the dis-
Brief remarks were made by Messrs. BowNn, STANLY, and cussion had already gone on so fir, and so widely, we had
EASTMAN, principally explanatory of the state of the question as well now discuss the state of the nation upon this ques-
before the House.
before the CLERK then commencedaling theroll on the ques. tion as any other. This would have to be done, any how,
The C1' ? then comm~~enced, sailingte ro "ll nthe question during the session. The Democrats had just voted (nearly
Shall the decision of the Speaker stand as the judgment of the din th sessn) with me against closing he discuss o n. I
House?" and- in solid columns) with me against closing the discussion. I
Mr. ADAM'S name having been called, Mr. A. said he under- had no doubt but that an appeal to the justice of some of
stood the question to be, whether the gentleman from Tennessee my Whig friends would have more weight than the mere de-
(Mr. AaROLO) should be permitted to make a speech here in di- sire to appear consistent, and that they would sustain the de-
rect defiance ofthe rules of the House ; and that the Speaker had cision which allowed me to go on. In this I was not mista-
decided that he should proceed in direct defiance of the ruler, be- ken. Not only all my Whig colleagues stood firm, but a num-
cause the Speaker had already permitted others to speak in the bar of the most faithful, talented, and independent Whigs in
same manner. He eaould not vote to sustain the Speaker in that the House went with us; and if my Democratic allies, as I
position ; because in doing it he must vote an annihilation of the considered them on this question, had stood firm the decision
rules themselves. He held the Speaker responsible-the rule of the Chair would have been triumphantly sustained. But
itself said he should be-for arresting any member the moment jest when the pinch came they deserted me, and voted almost
he gets out of order; and the Speaker would sot .ustify a subse
quent decision for violating the rules of this House, because it had in solid columns against the decision of the Speaker and to
been dono before. It was intimately connected with the exist- stifle my voicein defence of my constituents. I say, almost
ence of the rule itself; and therefore he could not vote to sustain in solid columns. I am glad to say there were some honors-
the Speaket's decision, ble exceptions. My colleague, Col. McClellan, the Hon.
The SpEAXan remarked that he had decided yesterday in the George B. Gary, the Hon. Edward Cross, the Hon. Richard
hurry of the moment that this appeal was debatable; but from D. Davis, the Hon. Robert McClellan, the Hon. John Rey-
further reference to the rules he was satisfied that it was not, ap- nolds, the Hoh. John Snyder, the Hon. Lewis Steenrod, arsd
peals on questions of irrelevancy and personality not being debat- two of the honorable members from New Hampshire who
able. And he would add that as the gentleman (Mr. AnAMs) in- had abused my constituents.
sisted on the rigid application of the rules, he would call the gen- But those who deserted me and who voted to stifle my voice
tieman to .order. T is a n i i are the very men who have been exclaiming with such vehe-
say, A"ANo Then to th sps oeis2o Sipae d etops cies Ion mence against the one-hour rule and the odious gag, as they
Tayh No," eten, to the support of the Speakera n decision, denominated the rules of the House, by which it is in the
followed Yeas 67,Wnayst9a power of a majority to stop debate. These very men who
Thus the appeal from the decision of the Speaker was sustained, made such an outcry about the tyrannical gag are the very
Mr. AaNozf said he supposed he might now be allowed to pro- first men, the moment they have the power, to forget right
eeedin order, and to apply the gag in the most cruel and tyrannical man-
Mr. GreTirm moved that his colleague (Mr. AsaOcol be per- ner. They apply it to stop the mouth of a man who has
mitned to proceed to the aunclusion of his remarks, unless le should been assailed, whose State has been assailed, and whose un-
violate the rules of order to a greater degree than the gentlemen offending constituents have been assailed. -
from New Hampshire (Messrs. EASTMAN and Bane) had done. This is a pretty fair sample of Democratic consistency and
The StEAKEa decided that the motion was not in order, faith upn the floor of Congress. The decision oftheChair
After some conversation by Messrs GENTnm and WIE, Mr. was overruled. I was confined, as you will perceive from
W. having made a motion that Mr. A. be allowed to proceed in the foregoing proceedings, to strict order, which totally cut
order;i which motion he did not press, however--
The SpErrzxa void that the gentleman from Tennessee (Mr. off my reply to the New Hampshire memberswhose speeches
Aaxn) having hean called to order only for irrelevant remarks, were wholly irrelevant to the question before the House and
would now be allowed to proceed in order. entirely out of order under this decision which gagged me. I
Mr. CHAsLEs BBOWN wished to make a suggestion to the gen- then declined proceeding further upon the narrow limits pre-
theman from Tennessee. He thought tlhe gentleman would better scribed, and gave notice that I would, at some suitable time,
effect his end,, if he would let the vote on the reconsideration be write out what I had prepared for a speech on that occasion.
taken ; and then, when they had reconsidered, the subject would I now proceed to redeem that pledge. At the time I was
come up properly in debate, stopped by Mr. Burke's friend, upon a aaestion of order, I
Mr. Asntoa said he would endeavor to proceed in order, was proceeding tr show how very unfortunate Mr. Burke had
The SPBEAKR said, to avoid further difficulty, he would state to as p t sho h var Mr. Burke had
.lhe gentleman that this was a mere question of reference, and been in his blind zeal to assail me. Mr. Burke, in order to
now, after the decision of the House, the debate must be confined stigmatize and scandalize me, undertook most unfairly and
srictlyv to the limits of the rule. ungenerously to scandalize the State which I have the honor


Mr. AnoLesasaid he had been afraid of that. [Laughter.] He in part to represent. He undertook to scandalitze oiniviunals
was of the opinion that the motion might be made to the House and whole counties and districts in order to strike me a blow.
that he should be permitted to reply to the gentlemen from New Those individuals and some of the counties upon whom he
Hampshire. laid his blows more heavily than any where else, were his
Mr. GILase wished to make a suggestion to the gentleman own devoted and faithful political friends. This was a stri-
from Tennessee. king characteristic of Burke the resurrectionist: he would
Mr. Aseoo said he understood the proposition the .gentleman murder the best friend he had on earth for money, and furnish
wihedwd.omake, and could not agree to it. If it wonld not be in u rd the doctors to he cut and mangled. It is said upon
ordpf to e-ahibit his statistics to the House and the country, and his body to the doctor to he cut and mangled is aid upon
rn a rarllel between the misery, poverty1 and wretchedness of high authority that the resutrectioniot, being hard run for a
New Hampshire, and the prosperity, buoyancy, and hope ofTei,- subject for theddotors, had come deliberately to the rnncloiton
nessee, this opportunity of speaking could avail him nothing. If to Burke his own wife; and would have doneso had not an-
be could not do this, ne must die as gracefully as he could. He other woman accidentally fallen in his way and became a vic-
could not expect to die as gracefully as Cemar did at the foot of tim to his blood-thirsty and horrid cupidity. This, it is said,


however, was his last case, as it led to his detection arai execu-
tion upon the gallows. The parallel between bthe two gentle-
imen of whom [have been speaking must strike every man at
first blush.
The distinguished member from New Hampshire, while
reading in an under-tone his celebrated speech which had been
previously written and prepared by himself, or somebody else,
ser.t to the Clerk's table the follow. ivng delicious morsel ofelo-
quence, to be read by the Clerk:
EXCExDINOLV BsILLIANT.-They raise some eeecElingly
brillidnt i daLurS in Tennes-se. In the Legislaturs. of 'hat Staie ti
a Mr. Dew-wheihAr heaven-descended *ir n-A is more than we
:an L-]. Mr lDew nne day underlook ao defend Jhn tyler. Speak-
ing'rf the Prasidenr, he addlrese.J the Speaker as fail.ws:
Sir, he is s native of tihe Old Dominion-the Ionlof Tom Jetf-
far,',,, ,-if Madisn, of ril immortal Washingion ; the land wf Ihe
Presidents, end uie ,birthplace of the fathers of D'mocrata. Mr.
Speaker, whvn I speak of the PFalSher -f his Couriry, I -1-i, with
feeling emotions of my soul. Alas! ist here any gentleman pre-
seni who does nut chill up at he rmen'ion o f his name, as if Lh
were thivernng anm.ig the eternal sn,.ws of South Aiuaric:a I But,
sir, i cannot dwcil here. I repeat tbhsi John Tyler esrcenJedr
from a pure silo'k ; yes, r, Iruin ti henoible band -of Pilriai tPdliers
%ho landed L-el're rmy day on the Plymti-uth Ro.:k folld Virginii!
An.i there, Mr. -pesker, ihat old r.,cs rears is. pr..ud front sd n-ne
bf ihe gl:n.Iri la.in-mumenia of the Old D-nuinion !
11 At lias stae3 o(" the rem.rka -,f Mr. [4w, of Meary, the so
dice Luntrrupted hit o with lou1 uoicrteas, whether ol' applause or
cjiidemihbion ie not saLtcd, although the principle] words, G. it,
Deu 1P wrMe particularly sa-'lhole. Trh SpF-aker pt.-cei.-.J, d-aubL-
lecs under the impresaon thalt he wsd achieving upreden'e-; iri-
uruph in the arsaorir.al line ; butin we regrri that or lhaiml- Ito n:.,
permit us to enieitdin iour readers with the lemtoinder of his l.nt-
GItnt apiEch.
SAfter Mr. Daw had can--luded hs speech, ar.other gentleman
arose, and observed that he would like to hear a hidle ,ore fr-im
ibthe gen.leman who had jii.st taken his seit relative to ihe ge:---
rdpnictl JlcaLion ofr Old Plymouth R.-ck.'
Mr. Dew replied that the ro.:k is where you no r I ha's never
been, and sbat is pufficient; Sod if not, rr, I repeat that it Ia in
thie Old iD)mninun, commoanty called the Satei of Virg-nia."
[(creains andI yells.]
Now, eir, I laid Mr. Burrke,) it appears that the roraitor, we.:.s
brilliant etl'uvioen ha jutl been read, to-k one side ol the question
in re ard a 1he mnerits of Caprain Tyler, and the gentleman from
Tanroessaee the other. I leave the House to decide whether ibly
are bolb of the same sLamp ot oraiLors.
"' And, sir, juJdeing fiem the &tne of education and literature in,
rennmaee, can it be a lUatter of wiUnddr thail that Sldt sh.':.ulJ be
so far behind her Memo,:caic, sisters in the march ni poliu'-al re-
fi'-rm 'I Wtly, yir, I have n.j daibi the gEntlmiilndr, pr-feset L) hil
ouIIliiteot s ihtl o he is 1 ell.acrii,-: in p.li.-:A, andi that, i in V [g
for him, 'he,' ribll believe h.y ar oljing lor ile glorinu. f princip-lea
of the 'Ad her-. i ',. ,f Herittse.'
This was intended as a burleisiue upon Tennessee, and
especially upon me. It produced great merriment in thibe Hall,
particularly among the Democra's-except the Tenrne.see De-
mocrats They, thought, rather hung their heads, and bil
their lis to smother their indignation. They must have felt
the blow most keenly.
In the next day's Globe, Mr. Burke came out with the fol-
lowinig most disgraceful recantatior,
"TO THE EITOR OF THEG LOBE.
HousE OFt BoPrSENTATnVE* DECEnMr a 29, 1841.
"SIR: Since the delivery of my remarks in the House, ealted
fi ih Ly the attack of Mr. Arnold, of Tennessee, upon the State
,f N e w Hampshire, I have been informed that the anecdote which
I introduced to illustrate the state of education and orators in Ten-
nessee, is a fabrication of some Whig editor in that State, with a
view to ridicule and travesty the subject of it, Mr. Dew, who, I
learn, is a leading, rinfljentiial member of the Democratic party in
the Legislature of th.-I St iLe. I clipped the anecdote from a paper
of the neutral stamp in politics, and supposed, if there were.any
foundation in fact for the story, that the orator was some enthu-
siastic Tyler Whig. I deeply regret that I have unwittingly given
currency to the vile fabrication, and now make the amended hon-
orable to Mr. Dew, by this public explanation of the matter.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
"EDMUND BURKE."
Now, I hold it to be perfectly honorable-not only honora-
ble, but the solemn duty of every man, when he has made a
statement under an erroneous belief of facts, which has or is
likely to do an injury to some one, that the moment he dis-
covers his error, he ought to recant and make, as the learned
Mr. Burke says, the" amends honorable." Had Mr. Burke
put his recantation upon this ground, I should have saidit was
honorable instead of disgraceful. But he pots it upon no
such ground. FUe puts it up.n the ground that he has dis-
covered that thi orator (Mr. Dew) is a leading Democrat in
the Tennessee Lepivlature, and a politleal partisan and friend
of fins. He thtraf.fre makts the recantation; the antende ho-
norable. And what is the palpable inference drawn from
thisI Why, if Mr. Dew had been an unfortunate Whig,
and Mr. Burke had been convinced, and a thousand times
over convinced, that it was all a fabrication-all an utter false-
hood, yet it might have haunted Mr. Dew into the grave, and
have fell with its whole weight,tacked by the mighty name
ofErMUND BURKE upon his unoffending posterity. I have never
seen any thing more disgraceful than the reasons assigned for
this recantation, except the closing incident of the life of
Burke the resurrectionist, when he was willing, for a few
guineas, to murder his own wife, and hand her over to the
doctors for dissection.
Mr. Burke admits that the slander he published and sent
abroad before the whole nation upon Mr. Dew, was a fabri
cation ; or, in plain English, was a falsehood. Mr. Burke is
a great lawyer, I am told, and I ask him what is the legal
maxim, as well as the maxim of common sense, when a wit-
ness undertakes to depose, and deposes to a falsehood ; though
immaterial in the issue, is he to be believed as to any thing
The learned judges tell us not. They say "false in uno
false in omnibus," and always instruct the triers not to believe
any thing else he states, for the reason that his whole testimo-
ny is tainted. Try Mr. Burke, then, by this rule, and where
does his mighty speech stand ? Why, nowhere His vile slan-
ders, fabrications, and falsifications upon my constituents sink
to the ground under a load ofjust condemnation, from which
they never can rise. And here I might leave himn in the hands
ofan indignant public. But l will not leave him here. I will
point out a few other "fabrications," fully as glaring and as
base as the one upon Mr. Dew, and more so. Mr. Burke un-
dertakes to run a parallel between Tennessee and New Hamp-
shire ; principally, 1 believe, between my district and the State
of New Hampshire. He says my district is composed of the
counties of Green, Washington, and Carter. Now, these are
only half of the counties of my district. He has left out Jef-
ferson, the second county in point of size in the district, and
has left out the noble, the free, and independent counties of
Cocke and Johnson, and then gravely talks about the size
and population of my district, assuming that there are but
three counties, and but a population of 31,819; only a little
over half what the population in my district is. And this
statement is about as near the truth as most of Mr. Burke's
facts come, particularly as regards my district. His fidelity
to the truth is not as great as that of the Indian, who said he
" told two truths to one falsehood." Mr. Burke's composi-
tion is hardly half and half. Now when Mr. Burke cannot
tell (within half the number) how many counties there are
in my district, I think there is but little faith to be put in his
statements as to other matters. Now let me try Mr. Burke by
another maxim: the suppressio viri, which is fully as fatal to
the character and integrity of a witness as its converse max-
im, suggestiofalsi. If a witness suppresses the truth upon
oath, heisjustas guilty as if he had suggested a falsehood
upon oath. A witness also who states a fact to be in a cer-
tain way, without knowing whether it is that way or not, is
as guilty as he who states, knowingly and wilfully, a delibe-
rate falsehood. Now try Mr. Burke'sspeech by any of these
rules, and it falls to the ground utterly discredited, and whol-
ly unworthy of belief. He says there are three counties in my
'district. There are six counties in my district. He says
there are only 31,819 souls in my district; whereas the very
document from which he took this statement showed that
there were nearly 55,000 souls in my district. Now I ask, af-
ter this, what statement oftact, upon Mr. Burke's authority
qan be believed?1 Yet so reckless is the man, that he under-
takes, upon these premises, to go into detail and show how
many schools and how many scholars, and how many can
read, and how many can write, and how many cannot, &c.
sc, ec. Vain, preposterous, and ridiculous man ye know
not what ye do! If Mr. Burke could live in my district about
five years-in one of those good old democratic counties he
has attempted to slander-he would learn more than I fear he
will learn in New Hampshire in a long life. He would
find out there how many of my constituents can read and
write. He would find out whether we made any cloth,
cotton, or woollen. He would find out there whether we had
any dogs or hoop-poles. He would find many a farmer there
ready and able to wear out a hoop-pole upon him, and then to
set the dogs upon him, for his scandalous and unprovoked mis-
representation of them ; for the farmers of my district hate a
liarebave all other creatures. According to high New Eng-
land authority, Mr. Burke does not know the number of
square miles in his own State. He has misstated the num-
ber of square miles in my state. He admits himself, in a note
to his speech, that in one of his tabular statements, showing
the number of schools in his district, there is a mistake of
more than one hundred schools in one county. He has scarce-


ly a single fact exactly true in his whole speech.
Now, Mr. Burke has been sent here as one of New Hamp-
shire's first-rate men ; and if he be a first-rate man, what sort of
men are her second and third-rate men I for instance, her mar-
shals and herdeputy marshals,who have been engagedin taking
the late census I If they miss the mark aa often as Mr. Burke
misses it, what reliance can be placed upon their statistical
tables 1 If they have one tithe of his self-conceit and brags-
docia qualities they could swell the population, &c. up to at
least double what it ought to be. And in a small State like
New Hampshire, and where it Is known they are under the
control, absolute control, of a clique of three or four politi-
cians, I am quite suspicious there has been tul play there in
taking the census. In so small a State as New Hampshire,
and where they are all under the control of three or four men,
I conceive it might be very easily accomplished. No marshal
or deputy marshal would be appointed but such as were under


the thumb of Levi Woodbury, Amos Kendall, and Isaac Hill.i
They could organize a corps of marshals throughout the Satle
to act in perfect concert, and give theti orders to swell the
population to a certain per cent., and they would do it. Two
or three seats in Congress and two or three votes in the Pre-
sidential election could be saved for years to come. This
furnishes a powerful siimulant to a corrupt clique of politicians
surh as govern New Hampshire. A gentleman well acquaint-
ed in Coos county told me he had no ,doubt but that there
were more persons in that county unable to read and write
than are set down in the whole State in the census as being
unable to read and write. This shows there was foul play in
that blanch of the business, and I have no doubt there was
in every branch in the State .,f New Hampshire. I have seen
no gentleman who has examined the census but what de-
clares that it is most imperfect, and its facts very little to be
relied upon. I know that great injustice is done to Tennes-
see in several m.jst important particulars.
Having now rinol disposed of all Mr. Buike's errors of fact,
but having taken up wih them as much time as they deserve,
I will procted to examine some other parl of his speech.
But taefore I proceed further, and lo the end that the cause
of quarrel or offence which I have given to the New Hamp-
shire pe.iple should be fully known to lthe public, and particu-
larly lo my citistituents, I will britfly state wriat I understand
they take ezceplion to in a speech which I made in reply to
one which Mr. Atherton made, advocating, in a very poa-
pous manner, the doctrine of free trade, and extolling New
Hampshire as the polar star ofdemociacy, and as one of the
most elevated, enlightened, firm, and patriotic States in the
Union ; that she stood firm in the worst of times, when all
others were giving way, &c. 1 have not Mr. ALherton's
speech as reported at the time, nor as he wrote it out after-
wards, before rme, s.) I cannot use the exact language be
used, but the foregoing was about the tenor and substance ol
his remarks. He made a great parade about New Hamp
shire-a- State I have always looked upon as dne of Ihe molt
insignificant in the Union-a Stale which it is well known
has long since wholly surrendered itself to the guidance and
control of three or four corrupt politicians, to wit, Levi Wood-
bury, Amos Kendall, Isaac Hill; and Henry Hubbard may
perhaps be considered a suborduate member of this political
firm. Their word is the law in New Hampshire. They can
dispense the hife-giving power and they can inflict the death-
doing stroke, hi is a notorious fact that no man in New
Hampshire prelentds 'o think for himself on political subjects
if he ever expects toI fill any political station within the gift,
not of the people-they are mere autotatsns of those person
who censtiture the polnical clique who govern New Hamp-
shire. It is a fact that nobody doubts that there is uoet orie
single man now in Congires from that State that would think
of v.ting, that would dare to vnie against the will of these
tour men. So far as vol;iton 's concerned, New Hampshire
migh, as well have upon the fljor of Congress so many tvory
knights or chLessmen, to be m.,ved to and Iro, or set down here
and there as it might seem proper to those four individuals,
who always play the game fa'r New Hampshire.
The great mass of the people have nothing to do with it ;
they are never permitted to lo-k behind the screen. That
screen ti Isaac Hill's newspaper. That stands in the same
position with a New Hampshire man that the Alcoran does
with a benighted Turk. It is his'alpha and omega. So you
may understand they are a benighted set, notwithstanding
their great boast of learning, which I shall notice presently.
I have been so little accustomed to this servile condition of
the people-it is so widely different from the state of feeling,
and that proud independence which the people in Tennessee
have always maintained-that I cannot look upon it with the
smallest grain of allowance. In Tennessee the people are
always willing to listen to argument and-reason. If you pan
convince their judgments, they will go with you; if you can-
not, they remain firm in their former position. Gen. Jack-
son who at one time was the most popular man in the Unit,
ed States wielded his whole popularity and influence to in-
duce the People to vote as he wanted them. But the People
answered him, and said, No, General; we have been your
warm and devoted friends; we have voted for you often; but
you have no right to dictate who we shall vote for now. You
fought the battles of your country, and so have we ; you pay
taxes to support Government, and so do we; you are a free-
man, and so are we; and we will think for ourselves and
vote for ourselves. This was the language of the people ol
Tennessee to Gen. Jackson when his power and popularity
were at flood-tide. Neither Gen. Jackson, nor Hugh L.W bit-
in his lifetime, nor Felix Grundy in his lifetime, with all his
sterling eloquence, nor Ephraim H. Foster, nor James K
Polk, nor John Bell, nor the whole of them together, can
make the people of Tennessee condemn any man or measure,
or sustain any man or measure, unless they are convinced il
is right to do so. This is the essence of all freedom, and ofa
liberty itself. Living among such people, a man will, in spite
of himself almost, imbibe the principles of free government.
Coming from among euch people, and having the honor `l
representing such people upon the floor of Congress, in spite
of myself I could have no other feeling but that of contempt
for such a State as New Hampshire. And when Mr. Atherton
made his vaunting speech, lauding her to the skies, I could
not withstand the temptation to rap him and his State a little
And in the course of my speech, among other things, I am
reported to have said:
He did not intend to discuss the question of the tariff at pre-
sent. He merely wanted to answer the demagogical cant of the
gentleman from New Hampshire. What was New Hampshire,
that she should furnish a leader in politics, that must get up here
and dictate to what committee this reference should be made
What was New Hampshire ? A most barren and sterile piece
of earth. Ho never could think of New Hampshire without
thinking of black chilly rocks, of the screeching owl and prowl-
ing wolf. Was she advancing in population? He believed not.
She was the only State in the Union that had taken a retrograde
movement; or, at least, she advanced in population less than any
other State. She was in favor of free trade He would like to
know what New Hampshire had to trade on? [Laughter.] On
politics-that was all; it had been her trade for years. He was
told there was one manufacturing town in the State, and that was
in the gentleman's district-he did not know but the very resi-
dence of the gentleman-and that gave a large majority against
him."
This is the paragraph that gave such offence to these chi-
valrous sons of the Granite State. When I commenced my
speech I intended to have spoken as I thought of her inhab-
itants, but being qeite unwell, and recollecting that New
Hampshire had produced some great men and some very
clever men in days of yore, and that probably she still had
some few clever citizens within her border, I concluded to
pass over her as lightly as possible, and only take a hasty
glance at her soil and politics. But this seems to have given
more offence than if I had went fully into the subject, and
had laid them bare, and had held them up to the scorn and
contempt of the whole nation, as I am now doing; and'as
1 boldly say any State or any people deserve to be held up,
who surrender themselves to a little squad of political lead-
ers, as New Hampshire has done. Levi Woodbury and
Isaac Hill have as much control of them as they have of the
cattle in their fields. This is disgraceful to our nature, and
every friend to liberty ought to join in holding them up to
public odium. But instead of standing off and seeing a fairI
fight between Mr. Athertsn and myself, asimy colleagues were
willing to do, two of these Swiss orators come to the relief
of Mr. Atherton, and pummel me with all their might.
And here we stand before the country-three New Hamp-
shire men and one Tennessean. This is generous New
Hampshire chivalry. Now, I did not care a feather about
any assault they could make upon me, although they stood
as three to one; but the attack upon my unoffending con-
stituents, that never harmed them by word or deed, was most
base and cowardly, and deserves, as it shall receive at my
hands, the severest castigation I am able to give them. They
have denounced my constituents as being ignorant, and that
about one out of every eight could neither read nor write ;
and that in the course of the year we did not make cotton
cloth enough to furnish a pair of shirts to each of our backs.
And that we did not make woollen cloth enough to make a
quarter of a yard to each of our backs, and that Mr. Burke
said he was informed that dogs and hoop poles were the
principal articles of commerce in East Tennessee. Out of
six counties in my district he selects three, and two of them
democratic counties, his own political friends; upon whom
he brings these charges of ignorance, and idleness, and po-
verty. Mr. Eastman, Mr. Burke's colleague, another New
Hampshire man, singles out Greene county especially for
assault, and says:
"And further, sir : lest the gentleman should be as ignorant of
the county in which he resides as he most evidently is of the
State which he has so slanderously abused, let me inform him
that the number of white population in his county over twenty
years of age is 5,926, and of that number 2,588 can neither read
nor write."
I repeat, that nothing could be more unjust, nothing could
have been more dishonorable or cowardly, than thus to assail
his political friends-willing thus to slander and calumniate
those who have been faithfully struggling with him to uphold
the cass of democracy, for the poor satisfaction of striking
me a blow. Now, if he had singled me out, or the Whigs,
or Whig counties in my district, for his denunciations, I
should only have said:
"Lay on, Macdoff,
And damned be he who first cries hold, enough."


The only difficulty I have ever had wivh the good people of
Greene and Washington (two of the oldest and most respect-
able counties in the State) has been their attachment and
devotion to their democratic friends and leaders. Hundreds
of these citizens have professed their personal attachments to
me; but have frankly told me that, when I came in collision
with a Democrat, they could not support me. Notwithstand-
ing this, I have considered many of them among my best per-
sonal friends; and I have always believed that the great body
of the Democrats of Greene and Washington were honest in
thoir opinions, and true friends to their country. It is true,
I have thought they were too confiding to the mere professions
of men who calleil themselves Democrats, but who, in my
opinion, were any thing else but Democrats-were rank fede-


Tennessee has 9,36G persons ensaged in the atMnfacure
of iron; New Hampshire has 121 poisons engaged ia the
manufacture of iron.
According to the census returns, Tennessee haesl .514,736
invested in the manufacture of iron. 'This i certainli grst-
ly below her real capital in this most important and useful
branch of manufactured. It is the opinion of several good
judgEs with whom I have conversed that her capital in tllb
branch of industry must be at least 65.000 000. I know that -
the census statistics fall bWlow the truth of avery item l ha.e
kexanied s tu Tennessee, I know that great injustice ild
done to Tennessee, in the census. But as Mr. Burke has
made it the basis of his calculations, I will do the same: for,.
although the census is very inaccurate, we have tio other
means even of approximating to the facts. The ecensui


ralsi. and arlmtocrats. T- e o(thJ ..- and
.Washigton ) however, lbo.aht d ilsfp laW ole ,bd -
Wall, 44, 111"as
good a righl to think U Q. h ae v ferAq; 09Waq thd be
thought for one instant that mh fe i Ul ..Pu for any
measure which they believ4'ed, wonYt"i tq Ity tor.'w ahe
purpose Of upholding the party. 1q4tw44haf) tMay have
considerable party attachments, I have aiyyq hlieql, thst
they would not hesitate in abendpnioq and jny "semg11.ander
the dearest party tlies, when those ti"s a"pip 4fc3d with
the welfare of their country. I wish I eojAd 1way,1401wh as
this for the Democratic party on the Blcr Fhi rgise. I
wish I could say as much ua this fbi all Au.9g9qdp.o the
floor of Congress. m . . r. .
Unfortunately we have sommen in our ra ts J be.
lieve, love office, and Ase emoluments of oqiice, more than.
they do their country. I am sorry to say we lhuYe Some, very
shabby sheep in our ranks: for instabhre,' ar JRhn Titf s,
in my opinion, the shabbiest of all possible sheep. But lThe
great body of the Whig party have shown themselves en-
tirely above party considerations and the corrupt considera-
tions which influence ofce-ieekers. The Wbfatpatty had '
the whole patronage or this immense Government inr their
own hands; and il'they had been corrupt, and willing tf-vio-
Jate one of the great pledges which they made-l o theb 'on-
try in 1840, to wit, that they would support no man' for
the Presidency who had once filled that officee" they might
still have controlled that immense pareage. But they
scorned to violate thIbis acred pledge, and spurned John Tyler
and his whole patronage from itim with loathleg and-dis-
gnet. Only six or eight men in Conpgses 'lhe :Wbhig ptrty
were found willing to violate thi, pledge.. Wtewn hts a
great and triumphant party bfoie give uMp all irthiaLoffieea
for the sake of principles The Whig party have.denithis.
They have given up the largest pauromage aid tbe faiflst
offices, sooner than violate the pledge they made iotdh P-evple.
General Harrisou'a Cabinet, retiring froa bThe trases' and
corruption of John Tyler, the acting President oftLhe United
States, was a noble specimen of true paltiaotin, that shabiuld
have gladdened the heart of emery American: Bolger, 'Bell,
Crittenden, Ewing, and Granger-1ltaka them alphabeticlly,
because I could make no daunetion among them in 6tis glo.
rious deed of official immolation upon &he altar of their nooe-
try: and I feel the most perfect assurance, whatevers eevopt
partisan editors, for partisan purposes, may cay so thtefan-
trary, that theme names will descead to poaterity written inI
letters of living light. They held the best offiestbe Gov.
ernment can bestow, either for honor, for power mand pSo-
nage, or for emolument to themselves.. These offiMeon sd
the fruitful emoluments of thee offices, they could ha4e held
il they had only said, "Capting Tyler, you are a varf proper
man for a second term of the Presidency." But, an an I hat
loved their country and their country's henor, they disdained
0 utter th is ingle sentence. They knew, if they asubireditf
to the violation of one pledge,that it would not be long belure
they would be required to violate another, and another, 'Imil
no pledge made to the People in 184I would be left hatbro-
ken ; that, instead of serving their country, they would be
the mere vassals and tools of a weak and corrupt Presidens,
to promote his wicked and selfish designs. But I am ex.-
tremely mortified to say that there was one member of Gen.
Harrison's Cabinet, who, for the sake of office, was willing
to submit to this selfabaseient. That man in a Nw
Hampshire man, and ,ai a most striking evidence of wbat I
have heretofore said of the people of that degraded Siate.
Mr. Burke goes on in his written speech, whibh he, or
Woodbury, or Kendall, or all together, had been studying
and concocting for a week, (perhaps this part of-it fur a
month,) and in the strain of a school boy,whe had memfsized
a speech out of Scoltt's Lessons, or tLhe American Orator,
he exclaims: "New Hampshire is, indeed, throne among
the hills. She is the Swimzerland of America. Her moun-
lainm point high up among the clouds, where eaglet take their
fl ghm, and enjoy, unrestrained, the freedom of the skies. 8hQi
is a land, sir-
'Of mountain and of l-iod,
01 green heath sad shaggy word.' "
Her cloud-capt hills even in mid-summer gll sten With flue
frosts and snows of winter. The terrific avalanche springs
from their stu.T.miLts and thunder down their qidep. Btsmir,
,he is also a land of crystal streams, o(fglasy lkh .eJba-
iomed among her hills, and of beautiful valleys epd mwadows,
dotted with neat and pretty villages, teeming with 4tseiltty
the btm of industry, and all bthe evidences of ppeagij pbd
prospettylT."
I have heard it said that there in but one step,!frqm,thimstb-
lime to the ridiculous. Now, I am nocritiJc, it Well known,
and if I were I should certainly pause before I attelAped 10o
find fault with a paragraph heralded forth by the great paume
of Edmund Burke. But, notwithstanding the u gis of uch
a name is tlirown around this paragraph, I should like lu have
it explained by this most learned author how "the hum of /
industry teems." I hope the learned author will excuse se
for being thus inquisitive, as he is a learned doctor fr,. that
most learned and religious of all Stalesa-New HUa'pshire ;
and I am an unlearned, ignorant dolt from tle bpiiglhted
land ot Tennessee, where the gentleman sy.a that in every
eight and three-quarters of a man over the age of twenty
there is one that can neither read nor write., I will 'sed this
paragraph to my constituents, as a beautiful extract from one
of the speeches of. the great Edmund Burke. I bupe my
constituents will feel complimented that their Reprecrantauve
has been able to say any thing that would call for tih especial
notice of this great statesman and orator. I d, not Jtpqw in
what style Blair, the learned lecturer Upon rhb-tortc, would
class this specimen of New Hampuhire oratory, but .1 ancy
when it gets among the old hunters and old s.ldi, Isin my
district, they will have many a hearty laugh uvr it, and that
their untaught criticism will be that, when read, it mikes a
noise very much resemblingthe rosndfng, bounaingsoun&i.
ing hoof of thebuffalo." But enough o1 this for ihe pressm.,
I shall have a word or two presently to say as to the learning
of New Hampshire. I am now reviewing Mr. Burk's
high-wruoght description of the climate, coil, face of the
country, &c. of New Hampshire. This wa, the main. if not
the only, topic I touched in my speech which gave sock of.
fence to the learned doctor of New Hampshire. I said not
one word as to the learning of New Hampiphire-not
one word is to the religion of New Hamp.tiare-noiu one
word as to the patriotism of hercitnzens-nol one word touch-
ing their despicable and ignoble vassalag-e to a small clique
of Machiavelian p liticians. I say, I amid nrti one word of
all this; but I am free to confess that I long have thought
and believed all this, and, at the commencement of my speech,
[intended to go fully into it, but abstained for the reasons
before assigned. But I consider my former embarrasmsnonts
now entirely removed; ..., "
But I will return again to the geographical part or Mr.
BUNrke's eulogy. After all, I consider that Mr. Burke has
done New Hampshire great injustice in omitting to enumer-
ate and describe come of those natural curiosities within her
borders which have given her as great celebrity as ang of
which she can boast. And I think the paragraph qupied
from his speech is imperfect without them. I therefoe.e lake
the liberty to call his attention to two or three of them, and
request that in his next effusion on this subject he will give
us a description in his own glowing, burning, vivid lsngtage,
of the "GREAT BOAs's Hsti,, RTTR L SNAKE'S Htwg
and, above all, of the "DEVIL'S DEN."
Now, a description of these places, such as Mr. Burke,
from his great learning and familiarity with these localities
will ie able to give, will be highly interesting to a cOrious
and inquiring public. I was for a long time unable to discover
the reason why three or four corrupt men were able to manage
a whole State, and reduce them to such abject servility us
Woodbury, Kendall, and Hill had reduced the State and
people of New Hampshire. But so soon as I ascertained
that the Devil's Den was located in New Hampshire; that
his Satanic Majesty held his headquarters there, the position
which New Hampshire occupies in politics was fully ftplalir
ed. The Devil is said to be a gentleman, and of great *,ei-
dos, a ripe scholar, and a most perfect tactician. He being
the most august personage in the State, and upoet the bet
terms with the party, he is of course the head and the party tactics and manmuvring is always drawn from
this inexhaustible soorre. He is also the father of lies, and
no man can read the speeches of Messrs. Burke and Eastman
against Tennessee, and especially that part of them against
my district and my constituents, but will readily come to
the conclusion that they are- not only his disciples, but that
they are approved and worthy scholars. Having, I thick,
devoted sufficient space to the geographical question raised
by Mr. Burke, I will now run a parallel between the State of
Tennessee and New Hampshire as to the comparative ma-
nufacturing and agricultural wealth of the two States.
IRON.
Tennessee has 34 furnaces; New Hampshire has only 15
furnaces.
Tennessee manufactures 16.1"29 ions of cast iron per an-
num; New Hampshire only manufactures 1,320 tons of cast
iron per annum. L
Tennessee has 99 bloomeries, forges, and rolling mills;
New Hampshire has 2 bloomeries, forges, and rolling mills.
Tennessee manufactures 9.6'73 tons of bar iron; New
Hampshire manufactures 125 tons of bar iron, ,
Tennessee consumes 187,453 tons of fuol; New Hasip-
shire consumes 2,104 tons of fuel, -. -





16*I tlt Tenessee has 61,514,71 vested in the iron
mlani ature; New Hampshire has only 898.900 velted in
shkal brah ofindustry.
We have am inexhaustible supply of anthracite and the
biUmiouon coals.. No State in the Union has a richer supply
of marble mad other stons. All we want iI a sound and in-
vigoraring currency, to develop these mines of wealth and
theno grand resources.
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS.-LIVE STOCK.
Tenesme has 341,409 horses and mules, New Hamp-
shire has bat 43,89 horses and mules.
Tennessee huas 997,517 more horses and mules than New
Hampshlre has; Tennessee had nearly a horse to every two
petoS,, including free negroes and slaves ; while over six
New Hamphire ien have to ride upon one horse.
Tennesse ehas ,851 neat cattle; New Hampshire has
but 275,56 neat cattle. Tennessee has five hundred and
forty-seven' thousand one hundred and eighty-nine more neat
cattle than New Hampshire has. The people of New Hamp-
ahlir hate scarcely a cow apiece.
Tennessee huas 741,593 sheep; New Hampshire has only
617,390 sheep. Tennessee has one hundred and twenty-
four thousand two hundred and three sheep more than New
Hampehire has.
Tennessee has 2,926,60 swine; New Hampshire has
only 131,671. Tennessee has two million eight hundred
and four thousand nine hundred and thirty-six swine more
than New Hampshire has. She has more swine than the
Impire State of Neaw York has. Tennessee has three bogs
apiece for each of her inhabitants, bond and free, and a large
fraction of pork over; while New Hampshire has only one
hog for two people, and a large Iraction oi people left without
any pork at all. The poultry in Tennessee t('not one-tenth
prt of it given in at that) is valued in the census statistics
at $606,969, while poor, starved New Hampshire can only
master, all told, less than one-sixth of that amount; and to
make that sum I expect she estimates her poultry at double
or treble what we do in Tennessee.
PRODUCTS OP THE SOIL.
Tennessee grows per annum 4,569,692 bushels of wheat;
New Hampshire grows only 4"22,1"24 bushels of wheal. Ten-
neee raises lour millions one hundred and forty-seven thou.
s and five hundred and sixty-eight bushels of wheat per an-
num more than New Hampehire. Tennessee supplies to
each of her inhabitants, bond and free, five bushels of wheat
and a large fraction of wheat over; while New Hampshire
furnishes to her inhabitants but one bushel each with a frac-
tion over. Tennessee produces of all other grain 52,347,113
bushels per annum; New Hampshire produces of all other
grain 2,993 836 bushels per annum. Tennessee produces
annually forty-ninets miilions three hundred and fifty-three
thousand two hundred and seventy-seven bushels of all other
grain (leaving wheat out) more than New Hampshire dues.
New Hampshire outgrows us upon some light articles, such
barley, buckwheat, hops, and Irish potatoes-that is, ac-
cording to thne census. Tennessee furnishes to each inhabi-
tant, bond and free, of bread stuffs 68 bushels, with a large
fraction of 531,493 bushels over. New Hampshire can only
furnish to each of her inhabitants 12 bushels of bread stuffs
per aonnum, with the poor little fraction of 1,072 bushels over.
Tennessee grows 39,550.432 pounds of tobacco per an-
num. Tennessee manufactures 689,000 worth of tobacco
per annum. Tennessee grows 27,701,277 pounds of cotton
per annum.
I have thus hastily noticed some of the leading articles in
Ab agriculture of Tennessee; while I have, for the want of
space and time, let out many that, if they were in New
Hiampshire, would be swelled into magnificence; such as the
products of our gardens and orchards and dairies, our rice,
our sugir, our silks, and our wines, &c.
Mr. Burke alleges that, according to the agricultural sta-
tistics of the census, New Hampshire produces $90 to each
inhabitant, while Tennessee only produces $88 to each in-
habitant. Here Mr. Burke, as usual, out-brags himself. In
order to produce this result, Mr. Burke must have ciphered
by one rule for New Hampshire, and by a different one for
Tennessee. When he ciphers for New Hampshire he em-
ploys large multiplier and a small divisor, and when he ci-
pher for Tennoeese he just reverses this prolific rule. The
divisor in thi case is the population of each State. Mr.
Burke, though striving to detract from Tennessee in every
thing else, has it this instance, for the pupose of detracting
from the production of our citizens, swelled the popula-
tion of Tennessee from 829,210 souls to 829,810, just six
Hundred souls beyond the truth. But this is a small affair
'for Mr. Barck*, Bat how stands the fact with regard to the
aggregate of agricultural production of the two States I Why,
making the grand and live stock of the two States, leaving out
our tobacco and cotton, which will greatly overbalance any
thing I have omitted in New Hamp-hire. (pnlatst.es, hops, and
all,) and we have an aggregate of 566,176,345, making a div-
idend to each inhabitant, black and white, bond and free, of
079.80; while, for the same great and essential articles of
human comfort, New Hampshire has an aggregate of only
6,8560,5fi7, giving a dividend to each inhabitant of only
514.70. Now, I repeat the question with emphasis, What
has New Hampshbire to trade upon I"
MANUFACTURERS.
I regret exceedingly that time and space will not permit
me to review our numerous manufacturing establishments. I
have gone a little into detail in the iron manufacture, because
I found that first upon the list, and concluded to tare that as
a sielmen of all. All our manufactures are just budding
into life, and need nothing but a sound circulating medium to
swell them into vigorous maturity. There is no place, in my.
opinion, upon the face of the globe, that can offer stronger
inducements to industry, enterprise, and capital. There is
no place that would yield greater rewards to industry. Let
me exemplify this position by a few cases. Take, for instance,
Sthe wagon and carriage manufacture. With a capital of only
I8,878, we employ five hundred and eighteen men, and pro-
duce manufactures worth $219,897, (two hundred and nine-
teen thousand eight hundred and ninety.seven dollars.) Here
is production that adds to the wealth of our country. Two
hundred an$ nineteen thousand eight hundred and ninety
seven dollars' worth of property has been created by the sci
ence, skill, and industry of a small class of our citizens. It
farnishem a dividend ito each hand employed of $424-an am
pie sum in Tennessee to procure all the necessaries of life,
and even some of the luxuries. But we have still a stronger
caee than this: we have 266 persons engaged in manufactur-
ing machinery, and they produce annually 8257,704 worth ofl
properly, furnishing a dividend to each hand, within a frac-
tion, of a thousand dollar& per annum. Mr. Burke, in his
own one-sided, partial statement, was not able to conceal the
fAct that upon the same amount of capital vested in Tennes.
soee the production is much larger than it is in New Hamp-
shire. If time and space would permit, I might take up our
hatters, our tanners, our saddlers, and, although last, not by
any meansathe least, I might take up our tailors and gentlemen
cordwainers, and show that they all, all make handsome pro-
filte and, with a pure, economical, and stable Government,
S1nd a sound and uniform circulating medium, they, with the
aid of the farmers, will soon pay the debts of the nation, and
make themselves magnificent fortunes, and stand ready the
etholeo time tovindicate their country's honor and rights, and
fight her battles. What I mean by stability in the Govern-
ment Is, that it shall not everlastingly be turning things topsy-
aurvy to try some new experiment. We should always let
well enough alone, and not be putting the People to the ex-
pease of passing a law, and then to the expense of repealing
at just as they are becoming acquainted with its benefits and
utility. This ie the bllghting curse that now rests upon this
Government. Ignorant, vain, and self-willed men, in an evil
hour, have repealed (or refused to re-enact, which is the same
thing) the most salutary laws-laws vital to the Republic,
laws that were recommended and approved by Washington
and Madison-I mean, of course, laws that give us a uniform
and a sound currency; without which it is in vain to think of
prosperity. Nothing is so provoking to me as to see a set of
upstart, jack-leg politicians turning up their noses, scoffing
at, and turning their backs upon the experience, the wisdom,
and patriotism of such men as Washington and Madison.
I repeat, so long as this class of men have rule, the country
can never prosper. When the wicked grign, tie people
mourn." I have been led into this digression by reflecting
how happy the People of this country might be with a pure
and enlightened Government, and how miserable and wretch-
eed they now are for the want of it.
But to return for a moment to the statistics of Tenneasee
and New Hampshire, the very antipodes of each other.
Tennessee has 255 flouring mills, that make the moat
choiceflour; while New Hampshire has but 3. We manu-
facture 67,881 barrels of flour per annum, while New Hamp-
shire manulactures but 800 perannum. Tennessee has 1,565
grist mills, while New Hampshire has only 449. Tennessee
has 86 oil mills, and manufactures over a million worth of
oil, while New Hampshire has but 9 oil mills; and, although
NewvHampshire is a great lumber State, Tennessee has
oven more saw mills than she has; and although Mr.
:Burke very indecenily asserted, in his written speech, that
my constituents do not manufacture cotton cloth enough
to make each inhabitant a pair of shirts a year, nor enough
of wo-llen to give a quarter of a yard to each of their backs I"
By this I suppose he intended to stigmatize myconstituents
aM idle. Now, what does the census, from which Mr Burke


professes to draw his facts, show 1I Why, it shows that, in
our private families, (independent of our public factories,)
under the suprrviTion and control ot our industrious house-
wives, we manufacture goods per annum worth within a
fraction of three millions of dollars, while Mr. Burke's con-
stituents manufacture but a small fraction over half a million.
Now, if Mr. Burke has either honesty, honor, or modesty, he
must blush at his own statement. And if he has-any portion of
either he will make the amended honorable" to my constitu-
eats (as he did to Mr. Dew) for this and various other like
offences which he has committed against them. I can tell
Mo. Burke, as he seems to have such a stock of ignorance
about the habits of my constituents, that if he were among
them, they would dress him better than he has ever been
dressed in his life. The only plausible pretence which Mr.
Burke had for his braggadocio speech was the manufactures
of New Hampshire; and, I am loilJ, they are nearly all like
hbi speech, founded upon borrowed capital.* But the mest
extraerdinsry thing ab.out this part of his speech is, that Mr.
I I aed to be said, as I am ;ofrmed. by a facetious gentle.
man from thi West," now a member of the Housoe of Represen-
tatives, That Mr. Woodbury, when tie was Secretary of the
Treasury, used to keep a bo of speeches cin and dried for the
New Hampehire delegation, and that when 1i became oecesrary
to have one of them pblhehed to suit a pirticnlar juncture, ii was
banded ato ne ofthe New Hampshirs boys, lnd he was directed t.)
Spread it, which be sceordingly did, an-d the Globe the nest lav
would herald ir forth as the eloquent speech oi Mr. A B or C D,
fro the GOranite Sate, ddeiesred by him on such did s ch a pro-
reition." I fiad Mr. Burke is tre to his old trade.


1urkps, aRaming "freetradstman,l'shouldllug in themainu- con'venient lon, ready servilely to do his biding in anything. victory. te commanded wel.l-isciplined anJ well-tried rit-
factures to help him out of a difficulty-the very institu- He, by his went of financial skill, and by his daesilIe to favor ish troops, aided by the most desperate of the tries. They
Lions whose interests he wars upon daily, and which, if he his political partisans, has utterly overthrown bhe credit and had the advonl'ge of occupying the summit of the mountain,
had the power, he would crush to the earth, bankrupted the Treasury of the LUnitd Slates in time of pro. and after a lung and bloody struggle, during whichour troops
LITERATURE. found peace. If there is any thing no* waning to [ur.ve w'ie rpealtedly, by superior numbers and by superior poil-
I will now pay my respects to the great learning of which Mr. Woodbury's title to rank with Joe Smih, the Morm )in tiin, repulsed and driven down the mountain under a flame of
Mr. Burke declares the people of New Humpfhire are pos- Prophet, and 0. A. Brownson, theagrarlan infidel, I furnish it fire. They immediately miralled to the onset again, with in-
sessed. Mr. Burke and his colleague (Mr. Eastman) at- from a speech of his, delivered in New Hn.mpehre lst fall, creased valor and determination. The historian says that
tempt to degrade my constituents, and to prove that they are befuoie sn assembly of the learned people .-,1 tit. State. He Ferguson, the British commander, attempted to form his
unlearned. The proof they rely upon is the census sattlisirs. says: I troops into column, with a view to break through the assail-
Upon this they ask the public to condemn my consutiuents; Indeed, %hen have the population and wealth of the whole ants, and was shot, and fell dead from his horse; upon which
and this too in the face of Mr. Burke's written speech, in country increased more rapidly than since the first election of the event the command devolved on Dupositer. The fire from
which he declares that in that very document (the census retired veteran of the Hermitage 7 What, also, but a Democratic the Americans had now become so hot and fatal that it cold
statistics) there is an errorcommittedJ in the numberof schools Administration punished the Malay pirates for their pillage of no longer be sustained. The enemy laid down their arms
in one of the counties of his district of more than one hundred American vessels, and protected American commerce in the most and raised a white flag, and submitted to become prisoners of
schools. Now, if Mr. Burke had been a reasonable and just distant Seas? Who but they opened new markets to Muscatand war. Fifteen hundred stand of arms wax one of the fruits of
man, desiring to do unto others as he would they should do Siam Who but they have freed State after State frocthe a this victory. One hundred and fifty of the enemy, besides
unto him," when he found, as every man who ha examined age foe, and ended the blesingtheW of Christianpity and civiliz their commander, lay dead on the field; eight hu udred and
it has found, that the census tables were full of the most falal the buffalo and the Pagan."- Page 11 of Mr. Woodbuiry's Jf- tea ,including one hundred and fifty wounded, were made
errors, he would not have attempted to condemn my co6rtitu- ferasn Hall Speech. prisoners. Four hundred and forty escaped." The histori-
ent upon such testimony-testimony he was very willing too I aver to the public hat this is a fairospecimen of the whole an0e on to remark: An event so suddenand unexpected
use f-rhis constituents but not against them. As thesegen- pamphlet. Comment is needless. instantly put a new face on our affairs. Lord Cernwallis, who
tlemen will not let the census tables be used against their These are the men that New Hampshiredelights to honor, thenlay at Charlotte with the British grand army, on being
constituents, I protest against their being used against mne. and of whom she is ever ready to boast. These are the great nformedof Ferguson's total defeat and overthrow by the at-
I verily believe that the specific charge made by Mr. East- men with all her advantages of education, which she has F L E from the Rest, and that they were bearinffdown up.
man, in his speech published in the Globe of the 11th produced. on him, ordered an immediate retreat-marched all night in
January, 1842, that there are 2,588 persons in Greene county I am tempted to compare the great men of Tennessee the utmost confusion, and retrograded as far back as Winsbo-
over twenty years of age that can neither read nor write, is where one man (as Mr. Burke says) out of every eight and rough, seventy or eighty miles, from whence he did not at-
atempt to advanceeuntilmreinforced byIGeneraliLeslieofromhthe
a mistake, to use the mildest term. I have lived aong thse three-quarters can neither read nor write with the great men ept to advance until reinforced by General Leslie, from the
people now for early ten years; I have been the whole time of New Hampshire, where they are blessed with so much Chesapeake, with two thousand men, three months after-
constantly engaged in doing business with them and among learning. I hope my constituents will pardon me for this war efds."t, w e.
them, and if I had been asked how many persons there were condescension. he flame of liberty, which was well nigh extinguished be-
in Greene county who could neither read nor write, I should Tennessee, although but of yesterday compared with New fore this battle, was now rekindled, and blazed in every city,
unhesitatingly have said there were not five hundred in the Hampshire, has furnished one President of the United and every hamlet, and in every bosom, until the independence
whole county, and it is the largest county in East Tennessee. States. He too was charged with a want of learning. It ofthe United Slates was achieved and acknowledged. The
Another circumstance strongly persuades me that there is was said that he spelt Congress with a K, and could not talk names of Campbell, of Sheiby, of Sevier, o f Cleveland, and
some mistake, some blunder in this matter. The noble and grammar at all. But the American people were indignant at o1 Williams, and of their brave comrades in arms, will be che-
generous county of Cocke lies right by the side of Greene this charge, and soon decided that, in their opinion, a know- nrsed all true Americans as among the brightest orna-
county, surrounded exactly by the same circumstances, except ledge of etymology, syntax, and prosody, or even of common mant of their country. And I think I may say with perfect
C edgsafetytthatotheirydescendantsoshave notedegeneratedoeithersin
Greene has had a better opportunity for education. Cocke orthography, was not necessary even for the highest Execu- safety that their descendants have not degenerated either in
county, with a population of seven thousand, according to live officer under our Constitution. How far they were right bravery or patriotism. With the axe in one hand (I might
the same document (the census tables) only has ninety six in this I do not pretend to say; but there is one thin, I do say) and the rifle in the other, they have continued their
that can neither read nor write. It is not probable that know: there was no State and no people that acquiesced in this march onward. They felled ind clearediaway an immense fo-
Greene county is so much behind her younger sister. There doctrine more readily than New Hampshire; and now to be restewhchu yest day, in all its primeval grandeur, cover-
is a mistake then somewhere. Where is it, and who has complaining of the unpretending farmers in my district be- ed t whole estate. They have subdued and driven out the
made it I I feel satisfied it is not made in Cocke county, be- cause they are not all collegiate graduates shows what regard vail beasts and still more savage men, and our beautiful
cause I know well the gentleman who took the census in that she has for honesty, honor, and consistency. But, notwith- leye, which were but recently a howling wilderness, now
county, and I know he is a discreet man and a man of busi standing Gen Jackson's acknowledged want of education, he osm as the rose; and Tennessee, who is but yet in her
ness, and he would not be likely to do Cocke county more was acknowledged to be the most popular man and had more childhood, as to age, is, in point of population, the fifth State
than justice; for he is a Democrat "dyed in the wool," and power while President than any man ever had before. At in the Union, and in many respects is acknowledged to be
she i ever is v inch a Whig"-only about one hundred D the stamp of hi foot the very hills of New Hampshire were the first. Look at thebattlesshe fought during tbe rate war,
mocrats i her whole population. The mistake was not shaken, and her crouching inhabitants knelt down with fear. andin which many ofmy constituents gloriously participated.
Sbe iwhiheve metany ofey cntituetsh gloioul participated.
made here, then. It must have been made in.Greene county, Tennessee has furnished two Speakers to the House of Se has never met an enemy that she did not conquer.
either in taking the census, or has been made in transcribing Representatives of the United States and claims a third as ha in this defence of my constituents and of my State, I
Brurintingit. s being her native son, two Secretaries of War, one Secretary det been somewhat egotistical and somewhat tedious in local
But suppose all Mr. Burkecontends for to be true; that is, of the Treasury, a Minister to Russia, aJudgeofthe Supreme d etal, in view o f all the circumstances I ask a generous pub-
that the people of New Hampshire are all profoundly edu- Court of the United States, a President of the Senate, &c. lctoexcuseme. I hope the New Hampshire delegation will
coated, and deeply imbued with the spirit of learning, and that New Hampshire has furnished one Secretary of the Trea- be fully satisfied, and will not attempt to prosecute this coatro-
the people of Tennessee are as profoundly destitute of all sury and one Secretary of State-Levi Woodbury and Da- versy any furth er In candor I say t i o them, I do not desire
these things; what does it prove'? Why, in my opinion, it niel Webster, par noble frafrum.it. Time is very precious to me, and I wish to employ it in
proves that which I should very much dislike to believe, to But, suppose Tennessee was as illiterate as these New a way that will be of more service to my country.
wit: that learning is a great disadvantage to the people. If Hampshire men would make out, has she no lawful excuse =
the people of New Hampshire have all the advantages of to offer besides her juvenile age 1 1 think she has. If the RetsITZ's OrFicS, Washington, May 6,1842.
SSIZE OiV BREAD.--Price of Superfine Flour $6 50 f
schools that Mr. Burke alleges they have, and are sotho- learned gentlemen will condescend to read her history, I A 1 $.IE ncon BREAD.-Pnco ce of Superfisein the price ofur6 50
roughly educated as he pretends they are, their case furnishes think even they will cry "Enough; I am fully satisfied." S to 7 Inconsequence of the sudden rise in the price of
thestrongest argument against education that I have met with Before Tennessee had an existence as a State, her scatter- psoldin the city during the week end ing the 13th insight o isre-
tnyhesrones aromen agathinsllprti sin h li fte rl .en8e a nel~nea itnrsair old in the city during the week ending the l3th instant is ro-
anywhere. Look at their delegation upon the floor of the ed inhabitants were constantly engaged in the most desperate quired by law to be-
House of Representatives, acknowledged to be the weakest and bloody wars, sometimes with the combined savages and For a single loaf 21 ounces
there; several of them wholly incapable of making a speech sometimes with the haughty English and the infuriated To- PFor a double loaf 42 ounces
at all, and those who pretend to make speeches furnish us ries. Could my constituents call General Marion, Governor C. H. WILTBERGER,
with a tirade of shilly-shally, wishy-washy demago=ism, Caswell, or even Lord Cornwallis himself, and his daring may 7-1w Register.
unequalled for its imbecility and partisan malevolence. Look subordinate, Major Ferguson, who fell at the ever-glorious W OST.-At the Assembly Rooms on Thursday evening last,
at the greatest of all her men, Levi Woodbury. While he battle of King's Mountain, before the pealing blaze of Ten. u -L a Gold Bracelet, setwith a bluestone. The finder will
was Secretary of the Treasury, he became a proverb for his nessee rifles-I say, could these gallant men be placed upon confer a great favor by returning it to this office, and receive a
blunders in that Department. Speak of Levi Woodbury, the stand to testily of the noble daring of those who first suitable reward If required. may 7-3t
and you involuntarily think of rBuLNDERNo. Speak ef planted their standard uprn the generous soil of Tennessee, rV3O THE LADIES-Thewell-knownfm of AMAND,
blundering in calculations or in estimates, and you involun- New Hampshire (if she has one particle of shame left) would PROUST & CO., from 349 Broadway, New York, beg
tarily think of Levi Woodbury. He proved to the world hide her diminished head, and blush for the degeneracy of leave to inform the ladies that having received by thelatest pack.
most conclusively that he did not understand the first pri""nci- her own ignoble sons. I own, in times gone by, New Namp- eta from France, a handsome assortment of the newest articles in
pies of common arithmetic. He was a perfect laughing-stock shire has behaved very well, and has produced some very the Millinery line, viz. Embroidered Capes, Collars, Shawls,
among all men who understood cipheringg," as Major clever men; but I ant told that it is a remarkable fact that her Ball and Wedding Dresses, Pocket Handkerchiefs, Laces, Ri-
Downing would say. Now,are all these evils to beattri- cleverest citizens generally emigrate. She reverses the order bands, made up Bonnets, Fancies, &c, they have just opened an
buted to great learning I think not. If they are to be at- of Nature; Fhe sloughs off her purities, and retains her impu- agency in this city, in the upper part of Messrs. Boteler & Donn's
tribute to learning, it must be a learning peculiar to New cities. This is certainly very unfortunate for her. By this Store, Pennsylvania avenue, where they respectfully request a
Hampshire. It must be a learning that rarefies and subli- process, corruption, almost unmixed, has been left upon her call. may 9-d3t
mates the mind until it rises into the clouds, and soars en- hands. But to return to gallant Tennessee. 1 Gi OSS NEW STEEL PENS.W. FISCH.
tirely above the grovelling concerns of this wold, and wholly There has not been a war in which the United States was W ER has just received from Josiah Hayden, the only
unfits a man for matter-of-fact transactions. From such involved since Tennessee had an existence but what she suiccesful American Winufiaeturer of Steel Pens, five new kinds,
ethereal learning as this may Tennesseans still continue to has poured out her generous blood upon the battle field in de- called the Ready Writr, New York, Ladies, Gillett, and Union.
escape. This, I say, is the only solution that can be given, fence of the national honor and the national liberty. Even The officers of Government who have used Hayden's Pens prefer
them to all others; and as these pens are better in quality and
compatible with Mr. Burke's position. But I by no means before she existed as a State, and while she yet had but a them to hal otherers and as these pens are better in quality and
agree to the truth of Mr. Burke's position, which makes the few scattered inhabitants, living principally in the district of oaper than the foreign article, theyshould, on the score ofec-
people of New Hampshire a mere met of learned dunces t nomy alone, be used in every office under Government.
people of NewIHampsire a mere set of learned dunces. I country of which I have now the honor to represent, and in The trade will be supplied at the manufacturer's prices by ap-
think they will certainly feel indebted to me for placing them the district of my colleague, Col. McClellan, she rallied plying at Stationer's Hall, the only agucy south of New Yori .-
upon their true position-a position that allows them to pos- her forces at the ever.memorable battle of King's Mountain, may 9-3taw3w
sess some common sense, somo native genius. I say Mr. and there was found the fiercest and foremost in the cause -OP. T TO.---pc s g
Burke is entirely mistaken in supposing the people of New of liberty. Many a gallant soldier upon that battle field, (ORCPORATION S TOCK.-Six per cent. Washington
Hampshire are so thoroughly educated. If they were, they from the section of country which now constitutes my district, very favorable terms by d atroc Bank tockfor
would never suffer themselves to be dictated to by such mise poured out his blood, and laid down his life in the cause of may 9-3t CHARLES J. NOURSE.
cable demagogues as Levi Woodbury and his coadjutors are. liberty. Many a widow and many an orphan were made onp TATOES AND FEED-600 bushels Northern
The truth is, the leading men of New Hampshire are an that day, arid left helpless and exposed to a fierce and relent- Merce Potatoes, fine for seed and eating, and will be sold
ignorant, self-conceited, vain-glorious set of demagogues, who less savage foe. Some of the actors upon that bloody field Mee Potatoes, fine for seed and eating, and will be sold
have a mere smattering of education; and the great mass of are still left in my district to recount to their grandchildren in lots to suit,' at an uncommon low price. Also,
the people are kept by these dictators profoundly ignorant, the deeds of daring which on that memorable day they wit- 2000 bushels heavy Shortsff
thedees o daingwhih o tat emoabl da thy Wt- 2030 do Shipatuff
For one class to have a mere smattering, and the others to nessed and participated in. I meet daily, when I am at home,' 1000 do Brownstuff.
have none, is the worst possible condition that society can be some of the orphan children of the gallant and brave mn With mast kinds of other feed. All on 7th street. Call at
in. Dr. Johnson's remark, I believe it was, upon the literal, who died for liberty on that bloody field. It was believed by centre store, Hoover's block, opposite ntetligencer office.
ture of Scotland, applies most forcibly to that of New Hamp many that the battle of King's Mountain was the crisis in E. C. WEED.
shire, that is, if education be so generally diffused as Mr. the Revolution; and that if that battle had been lost, liberty may 9-3t FORD, Agent.
Burke would havens believe. Dr. Johnson said: The lite- itself would have been lost. The Americans had been de- TICE The undi h -.
ity. on a OTICE.--The undersigned has fort ortaislaid (probably
rature of Scotland reminded him of bread in a besieged city. Treated at Camden, North and South Carolina had been over. taken from his desk at the Capitol and mixed with the
There es a morsel for all, but not enough for any." An- run, and Ferguson, wvho was only a Major in the British waste paper) a letter addressed to him, and which contained a
dther eminent English authormakesaremarkmost apposite to line' was now in the royaimilitia a Brigadier General, and draft for 200 dollars, drawn by John Richardson upon Middleton
the literatureof New Hampshire. It is Pope, I believe. He was esteemed the most distinguished partisan officer belong. & Beall, of this city, made payable to D. W. Barton, or order, and
says: ing to the British army. He had made several attempts to by him made payable to the undersigned, and accepted by the
A little learning is a dangerous thing ; s surprise Shelby, but without success. Gov. Caswell wrote said firm, with promise to pay the 2d day of May.
Drink deep or taste not of the Pierian spring; to Shelby and Sevier, informing them of the defeat of the As notice was given to the payers of the draft some three weeks
These shallow draughts intoxicate the brain, grand army under Gates, on the 16th, near Camden and ago, and the letter, if found, can be of no use to any one save to
But drinking largely sobers us again. 'rthdundrsigedersuiablerewarhwilibe ivenifaetor,,anl
Mr. Burke and his olleagoes have certainly only taken advising them to get out of the way, that the head of e t th aundersigneda suitable reward will be given if restored. All
Mr. Burke and his colleagues have certainly only fakti pt ersos are cautioned against receiving or trading for said draft,
the shallow draught, and are now laboring under its intoxi- alpowerful and victorious British army would attempt to as the firm of Middleton & Beall are cautioned against paying it
cating influencedrghtyaneverenowuldaveorintgoundertofntheircut upall the small corps of the American army. Shelby to any one but the subscriber.
eating influence, or they never would have went out of their and Sevier did not know at this period that there was a sin- may 2-dtf R.W. BARTON,
way so far to assail my constituents, who have never set gle corps of American troops embodied any where south of R. W. BARTON.
themselves up as being men of education. But I think Ro- the Potomac. Ferguson, with a strong army, had taken post P UBLIC BATHS forthe summer season commence
bert Burns,, that sweetest and most inimitable of all poets, at Gilbert town, in North Carolina, and he had been so se- the 6th of May and end on the 30th Sep.etdber. The baths
has hit off Mr. Burke and his learned colleagues more hap- verely stung on several occasions by the gallant troops are open every day. Price 371 cents per bath.
pily than any other. He says: from what are now the first and second Congressional dii- may 6-3t P. AIKEN.
What's a' yourjargono' your schools, tricks in Tennessee, that he sent by a paroled prisoner a MOST SPLENDID LOTTERY.
Your Latin names for hornoes an' stools, most threatening message, declaring that if the "Moun. To be drawn May 21, 1842.
If honest Nature made youfools, tain Men," as he called them, should not cease their op. Toe dawn May 21 184
Ye'd better What sairs your grammars: position to the British Government, he would march his Capital 50,000 dollars.
Yedbte aen up spades and Shoals, psto oteBiihGvrmnh ol ac i
Or knappin hammers, army over and burn and lay waste their country. Upon $25.000-$12,500-50 prizes of $1,200, &C.
Aset o' dull conceited hashes receiving this haughty and malignant message, Colonel 15 drawn numbers in each package of 26 tickets.
uset h r b n co llegd clas s Shelby, who first received it, flew to his gallant and well-
Confuse their brains in college classes tried comrade, Col. Sevier, that they might counsel together UNION LOTTERY, CLass No. 7,
They gangi sticks and one o asses, and determine what was best to be done. They spent two
An' syne they think to limb Parnassus days in this council, surrounded by their faithful and well- To be drawn at Alexandria, D. C. Saturday, May 21,1842.
ByAnd syint a' Greek. tried friends who resided in the county of Washington, and J. G. GREGORY & CO. Managers,
principally upon the banks of the Notichucky, and notwith- 78 number Lottery-16 drawn Ballots.
Gi'e me a spark o' Nature's fire standing the universal gloom of that period-notwithstanding SPLENDItD SCHEME.
That's a' the learning I desire ; many of the stoutest hearts apd best patriots were ready to 1 grand capital prize of $60,000 Is o50,000
Then tho' I drudge thro' dub an' mire yield, and many did yield-notwithstanding eome of my pre- 1 capital o1 2.000 2a,OOO
MyAmusetho hmely n atre, sent constituents, and the fathers and grandfathers of many 1 do o 12,500 12,500
May touch the heart, more of my constituents, were surrounded by those most try- t prize of 9,000 9.000
M t thing difficulties: pressed and threatened from the east by a I do of 4 6,000 000
Bat suppose New Hampshire was all that Mr. Barke would haughty and triumphant British army; and surrounded as it 1 do of 3,000 3,000
pretend she is in literature, in manufactures, in agriculture, wore with a most fierce and relentless savage foe; they stood 1 do of - 2,617 2,1
and in moral sentiment, bow scandalous it was in him to at- unflinching and undismayed, and gave Col. Shelby the most 2 do of 1,250 2,500
tempt a parallel between New Hampshire, who is about two unequivocal evidence, that they would be with him in six 60 do of 1,200 60,000
hundred years old, and Tennessee, who is only a little over troubles and would not forsake him in the seventh. The 10 do of 600 ,,oo0
one fourth of that age. New Hampshire ought by this time conclusion of the council was that they would not wait for 20 do of 600 10,000
nearly to have fully developed her resources, and to stand be- Gen.Ferguson (as he thenranked in the militia and tories) 20 do of 400 8000
fore the world in full maturity, while Tennessee is compara- to come and lay waste their country; but that they would 20 do of 250 8o000
lively in her childhood, just beginning to unfold her great- meet him on his own side of the mountain, and if they were 25 do of 200 6,000
ness. In order to do justice to Tennessee in the comparison, to be destroyed and overrun, it should not be done upon their 300 do of 160 45,000
we must compare her with New Hampshire as she was one own soil nor before their own wives and children. It was 126 do of 100 12,600
hundred and fifty years ago, or New Hampshire, as she is therefore agreed that Col. Sevier was to raise all the men 126 do of 70 8,820
now, with Tennessee as she will be one hundred and fifty he could, and at a short notice was to meet Col. Shelby eh 126 do of 5 60 7,660
years hence. But I, with all these advantages of time weigh- the Wantoga river, and was to bring with him, if he could, 048 do of - 30 181,440
tog against Tennessee, have not shrunk from the comparison, Col. McDowell and various other field officers. And Col. 29,295 do of 15 439,425
and 1 leave it to the world to judge who kicks the beam. Shelby was to hurry home and raise all the men he could, 36,365 Prizes-39,711 Blanks.
The newspapers on both sides in New Hampshire have, and was to give notice to Col. Campbell, of Virginia, that he Or, about one Prize to a Blank.
with much apparent delight, republished Mr. Burke's speech might join this most desperate enterprise if he thought proper. Tickets only 616-Halves 67.50-Quarters 83.75-Eighths 61.67.
against Tennesaee. As an act of sheer justice, I now call Col. Sheby, upon returning home, immediately wrote to Cal. falver 0at rte. 3 6- eig ts
upon them to repoblish my reply, particularly tbe "New Campbell and despatched his brother Moses with the letter, in The pric spe L r e of a certificate package of 26 whole tickets
am shr entinel." That print of January Ihe 12th has Campbell agreed to meet them with his whole force, and sent theabove slni otrs only 81650 a certificate of 28 uresol 4 5
an article headed Mr. Butke did up Mr. Arnold very well1t word that he would send his men by a nearer route, and that criiaeo 6egtsol 2 9 oscriiaeo ak
From this article I make the following extract: he would meet Shelby and Sevier at the rendezvous of their age may draw the five highest prizes.
"Mr. Arnold, of Tennessee, asked what New Hampshire had troops on the Wantoga.
to trade upon, except politics? Little does Mr. A. know how to "It was (says the historian) at this dark and gloomy period of ANOTHER BRILLIANT LOTTERY.
estimate New Hampshire. Our members fell tqposa him, tooth the Rtevolutionary war that many of the best friends of the Area-
and nail; and, lest there should still be something left of the Ten- rican Government submitted to the British authority, took pro- 3 Capitals of 25,000 dollars !
nessecan, be it known that Cheshire county alone, in this glori- section tinder and joined the British standard, and gave up their 5 rzso ioo
nus State, can boast of Woua characters, each outshining, in their ft Prizes of $1,000.
particular way, the most celebrated natives of Mr. Arnold's State, Bt ga a d advanedinto North NEW JERSEY LOTTERYC
viz: Joe Smith, Abner Kneeland, 0. A. Brownson, and Dr. Samuel at that time at Charlotte ; and Fergqson was at Gilbert town, CTaso D rob 18
Thompson. The little adjoining town of Surry claims one of the in the county of Rutherford, in North Carolina, with an army of To be drawn at Jersey'eity, on Thursday, 26th of May, 1842.
four, Alstead one, and Keene one." two thousand men, which he could readily augment to double that J, G. GREGORY & CO. Managers.


-tood as the grave-digger said in his argument to prove number. At this critical juncture, Campbell, Sevier, McDowell, 3RAND SCHE5 0.
that a suicide was not entitled to Christian burial. I say, and Shelby assembled on Wantoga, on the 25th of September1 3 splendid prizes of $95,000
good. Cheshire county Is one of the counties of Mr. Burke's t1780, with their followers, and began their march the next day. 1 prize Of 10.000
district, and one that he prates so much about being so en- Never was there, under all the circumstances, in the annals I do -,4~ 5 00o
dsrc,1 do 2,477
lightened by education. Now, if I had lacked an argument of warfare, a more daring move. Shelby and Sevier had de- 50 prizes of 1,000
to prove the rank ignorance and superstition of New Hamp- termined on this move, if deserted by all except their brave 50 do So300
shire, I would have cited these very individuals whose names comrades and followers from the counties of Washington and 50 do 250
are brought up now as evidence of her superiority over Ten- Sullivan, (then composing what is now the whole of the first 65 do ~ 200
nessee. Who is Joe Smith I Why, sir, he is the Mormon and second Congressional districts in Tennessee)-notwith. 65 do ISO
Prophet, the leader of the Mlormons. Heis oneof the greatest standing the dismay and gloom by which they were surroun- 65 do 100
knaves and impostors that has ever disgraced this or any ded, and which the historian, just quotedso glowingly de- 65 do 80
other country. picts, and notwithstanding the newness and sparseness of the 6 do 50
Who is Abner Kneeland? Why I am informed he once settlements, Colonel Sevier had raised, in a few days, in the 65 do 40
lived in Massachusetts, and was for a while a UnLversalist county of Washington, 240 men, and Colonel Shelby had 130 do 30
preacher. He turned infidel, and for some time led off the raised, in the same or a shorter period, in the county of Sulli- 4,680 do 20
infidls and agrarians in every species of violence and disor- van, 200 more-all as true patriots and as daring soldiers as 27,040 do 10
der. He presided at mock services, held.every Sabbath, ever loaded a rifle. They went in pursuit of Ferguson. They 13 drawn numbers in eaeh package of 26 tickets.
which usually concluded with a dance. He was prosecuted were joined by the troops of Colonel Campbell, as he had pro- Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
for this, and had to flee the Siate. Whether he went back mised. They also fell in with Colonel Cleveland and Colo- The price of a certificate of a package of 26 whole tickets
to Mr. Burke's district or not I am not advised nel John Williams, and the troops under their command join- in the above splendid Lottery is only $t30; a certificate of 26
Who is 0. A. Brownson '1 Why he is a notorious infidel ed in the pursuit; their march wasa most arduous one, through halves only $66; a certificate of 26 quarters only $32 50; and a
and agrarian leader, of the worst kind of Locofocos. He pub- the mountains, andi an almost untrodden and very dense for- certificate of a package may draw the four highest prizes.
lished a few months ago, as I am informed, an article, in which eot; this during an excessively wet spell in October too. --
he went for the abolition of inherited properly. They sometimes continued their march for thirty six hours ly T;-iseae and share;and cerfi.:,es :.fpr.ck igprn itheashove
Who in Dr. Thompson Why he is the head of the without ever stopping to refresh. They came up with Fer- spiltrtlidl eriesconrssidi.ily for spale at ihe oi.:coft ihe Managers,
Thompanuin quacks, who have murdered more men than guson at King's Mountain, and engaged in one of the most netdlooreast of G.idtley'a H itel, Washingtotn. pn-
a 01n o th Mot ,12' All orders by mail will meet with the most prompt atten-
all the pirates upon the ocean. Now, with leave of the Sen. desperate and bloody battles ever fought. Tbe historian says tion; and as soon as the drawing is over an account of it will be
linel, I will, by wav of completing the Jist, add the name of the mountain yascovaered withflameandsmokr, andemrd e ent todall who rderfrom us.
Loevi Woodbury. He was at an evil hour placed by General to thunder."' Address, J.G. GREGORY & CO. Managers,
Jackson at the head of the Treasury of the United States as a Forguson was a brave and determined man, flushed with april 9-awtdd4&epif Washington, D.0C.


SUtMMER ARRANGEMENT.
STIOK TO THE MAIL.
Teaty fo~s hours in advance of any other Line.



T HE GREAT SOUTHERN MAIL LINE 1.laves New
York every moninig at 9 o'clock; reaches Washington
cily the neat morning, where an omnibus will be in readiness to
c.o.nvey passwaensers, free of charge, to the Mail SLeamer AUGUS-
TA, which leaves Bradlev'a wherl every morning, at 6 o'clock.

Passengers pass through Washington cit Fredericksburg,
Richmond, and Petersburg by daylight, and go through to New
Orleans without delay.
Passengers going South will find this the most comfortable,
cheap, and expeditious route.
For information and through-rieketp, apply to .
STOCKTON & FALLS,
Adjoining the Pltuadelphla Railroad Office,
Pratt street, Baltimore.
Por information at Washington apply to the Captain on board
the boat at Bradley's wharf. may 9-
WASHINGTON AND ALEXANDRIA BOAT.
Passage 121 cents in specie, or 25 cents in paper.
Trips of the steamboat JOSEPH
JOHNSON during the week ter-
minating on Saturday evening next,
May 14, viz.
Leave Alexandria- Leave Washington-
At 9 and 11 A.M. I At 10 and 12A. M.
And 2 and 4 P.M. And at 3 and 5 P. M.
may 9-6t IGNATIUS ALLEN, Captain.
PILGRIMS' CELEBRATION AT ST. MARY'S.
ISteamer CHESA'PEAKExs will leave George-
itown at 1 o'clock, Washington at 3 o'clock,
do and Alexandria at 4 o'clock P. M. Mon.
Svday,the 9th instant, and arrive atSt. Mary's
early the next morning; returning, the boat
will leave St. Mary's the same evening and arrive in Washington
the next morning. Passage and fare, $5. The Chesapeake has
a fine commodious ladies' cabin, and can accommodate a number
of ladies.
Having chartered the .Chesapeake for the Norfolk route, she
will leave Washington for Norlolk every Friday morning at
9 o'clock. Passage and fare, 8$5.
I hope the Public will not forget their oId friend.
may 7 JAMES MITCHELL.
CELEBRATION AT ST. MARY'S.
r W The Steamer COLItMBIA, having
been engaged by the Philodemic
Society of Georgetown College for
the conveyance of the Society, the
Faculty of the College, and certain invited guests to and from St.
Mary's, will in the afternoon of Monday, the 9th of May, leave
Georgetown at one o'clock and Riley's whaif in Washington at
three o'clock, and return on the following Wednesday.
By the terms of the engagement the ladies' cabin will be appro-
priated exclusively to the Faculty, and the residue of the boat will
be flee for the accommodation of the Society and a limited num-
ber of members of Congress and citizens at five dollars each, go-
ing and returning, including meals. Tickets, without which gen
tlemen cannot be admitted, may be obtained at the stores of R. S.
Patterson and William Fischer. These should be early applied
for, that adequate supplies may be provided.
S W. GUNTON, President.
In consequence of the above engagement, the departure of the
Columbia for Baltimore will necessarily have to be changed from
Wednesday, the '11 th, to Thursday, the 12th of May, at the usual
hour in the morning. ap 29-eotd
SFOR NORFOLK.-The steam-
er BOSTON, Capt. James Holmes,
will run reaulirlv between Wash-
*Oa ington and N.rf.olk twice a week,
commencing on Sunday nex', the 10th of April, leaving Wash-
ington every Thursday and Sunday mornings at 9 o'clock, and
Norfolk on the evenings of Tuesday and Friday at 5 o'clock, call-
ing at Old Point Comfort and Portsmouth to land and take up pas-
sengers, as well as the different landing places on the Potomao.
Passage and fare to Norfolk, 8
Freight taken at moderate rates.
ap 8-6m JAMES HOLMES. Master.
RS. AUSTIN, three doors eastof the Post Office,
lV- Bridge street, Georgetown, can accommodate a few gentle-
men and ladies with hoard. The house is pleasantly situated and
will make a delightful summer residence.
april 26-eo2wif
ON N ETS, BON N ETS, &c.-Just receive'd-
S 2 cases Florence Braid Bonnets, assorted
2 do Gimp, Oriental, French Lace, Modena, Rutland,
and other Fancy Bonnets
2 do English and American Straws
2 do Misses' Gimp, Braid, and Straw do
Hoods and boys' Hats
Umbrellas, Parasols, and Sunshades
Straw Cords and Gimps, Bonnet Ribands, &a.
For sale low by WM. M. PERRY,
Second dovr west of 7th street, and opposite Centre Merket.
may 9-eo3t
TAMES B. CLARKE has received the past weeksome
i very cheap and desirable goods, to which he begs leave to
invite the attention of the ladies.
10 pieces figured Silks, at 50O cents, worth 75 cents
Plain black do at 25 do worth 50 do
Handsome painted Lawns, from 25 cents up
Do Mousselines de Laines, from 25 to 371
200 dozen Cotton Hosiery, of all sizes and qualities
20 do Kid, Silk, Mohair, and Sowing Silk Gloves
Bohinet Collareots and Mourning Collars
Muslin Bands and Cambric Trimmings
Black Love Veils, and Handkerchiefs, and Black Love
Ribands
Chene and Mourning Cravats, for ladies -
Furniture and Cambric Dimity
Straw Bonnets, Ribands, and Parasols, in great variety
Together with a.very general and extensive assortment of sea-
sonable goods, which will bo sold very low for cash or to punctual
customers. JAMES B. CLARKE,
Opposite Centre Market and No. 2 from 8th street.
may 9-eo3tif
EASONABLE GOODS FOR GENTLEMEN'S
AND BOY'S WEAR.-Just opening-
80 pieces Gambroon, of every style and quality
50 do. Summeicloths, assorted
8 do. Black Drap d'Ete
150 do. Russia Drillings, extensively assorted
Satin, Shalley, and Marseilles Vestings
20 pieces handsome English Tweeds
6 do. Superfine black Cassimere
12 do. Fine Merino Cassimere
20 do. Fine checked Ginghams, for summer coats
40 do. Fine French Linens
50 do. Brown Linen Drillings
200 do. Nankeens
Printed and white Satteens
Wellington Cords and Princettas
Cottonades and mixed Jeans, assorted
10 pieces Victoria Duck
100 do. Silk Pocket Hdkfs.
Bleached, brown, and mixed cotton J Hose
Black Silk and plaid jaconet Cravats
Hoskin, Thread, and super Silk Gloves.
Purchasers, by calling at our store, between Seventh and Eighth
streets, Centre Market space, will find bargains in reality.
may 9-2t [Globe.] BRADLEY & ESTEP.
ONNETS, BONNETS I-The attention of ladies is
respectfully invited to a large invoice of Bonnets this day
opened, consisting of-
I case Flu. cece Braids, fine and medium
25 P'rench Lace Bonnets, very beautiful
80 Seven Braid do
15 Oriental and Gimp do
50 Misses' Devon do
20 do Braid do
20 Child's Devon Hats
25 Rutland Bonnets -
Also just opened-
15 pieces 6-4 super White Straw Matting
25 do 44 do do do
All of which, being bought exceedingly low, will be sold in
same ratio.
may 9-2t [Globe] BRADLEY & ESTEP.


FRESH Gt)ODS.-This day received-
1 case rich Parasols, very cheap
1 do silk Umbrellas
I do Sunshades
Gimp, straw, and Florence braid Bonnets
Misses' English straw do
Palm leaf Hate and Hoods
Artificial Flowers and rich Ribands
Net, silk, thread, and kid Gloves
Silk, cotton, and cashmere Hose
Rich black silk Fringe for scarfs
Plaid silk Scarfs and Handkerchiefs
Thules, muslins, and Laces
Paris Lawns and Chintzes.
All of which will be sold very cheap. .


WM. R. RILEY,
may 6-eo3t Corner 8th street, opposite Centre Market.
District of Columbia, Washington county, to flat:
I HEREBY CERTIFY that David Mooe brought be-
. fore me a light bay Horse, supposed to be about nine years
old, is fifteen hands high, has a small blaze on the forehead, the
left foot behind white, with black mane and tall has no shines,
with a bridle and saddle pretty much worn, which was left at his
gate, about a mile north of the city ofWashington, on the night of
the 4th of this month, supposed by a man and woman who were
seen, but so indistinctly as not to know whether they were color-
ed persons or not.
Given under my hand this 5th day of May, 18342.
CLEMENT T. COOTE.
The owner of the above horse, &c. is requested to come for-
ward, prove property, pay charges, and Like hiimn away.
DAVID MOORE,
may 6-3t Prospect, about 1 mile north of Washington.
OHN MITCHELL has filed his petition for the benefit
of the Bankrupt Law, which petition will he heard be-
fore the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sitting in
Bankruptcy, in the Court-room in Was ihineton count, on Monde.,,
the thirtieth day of May instant, at Ii n o'.l.in.k A. M. when and
where all persons interested may arrear and show cause, if any
,.h.y hs.e, why the prayer of the said petitioner should not be
granted. By order of the Court. Test:
may 6-3t WM. BRENT, Clerk.
W ASHINGTON IIQUSE, south si.s Pennsylvania
avenue, three doors east of Four.and-a-half street, oppo-
site the American Hotel.
The subscriber having fitted up this establishment at consider-
able expense, in a very neat and genteel style, is prepared to
accommodate gentlemen with boarding, by the day, week, or
month.
Persons visiting the city, who wish to retire from the bustle of
if.e large hotels, will find it to their advntaue tncall end examine
for themnelaes, as the prires will be made to Suit the times, and
accommodations inferior toa none in the city.
may 6-eo3t JOHN POOLE.


C HEAP NEW GOODS.-The suhbsribershasm eDw
open and are still opening one oflhe monst full and genesl
asarrtmentof new and fashionable goods to be found in iths city,
to which they seapectfully mvite the attlenlton of ladies and cas-
Lomirs generally, as ihey Intend to offer goods very cheap :
Elegant Fren-h painted Mostiios and Lawns, at all prices
Fine new style French Chin'.es and Earlston Ginghams
Lace and plaid Muslins and Cambrics for dresses
Rich figured anA plain Silks, very handsome
8.4 Silk, Crape, and Mousseline Shawls
Twisted silk and Frenchb kd Glovesoand Milt
Ribbed and plain black and while milk and colon Hosiery
Gambroons, Sumnmercloths, and VesiDga, In svariqty
Gentlemen's Socks, Cravas, Sispenders, and Gloves, &c.
Heavy bleached and brown cotton and cotton Oeoabarge, for
see Isn ts
Linen Drillings, heavy Ticking., cheap
Pink, blue, and while Tarletons corded, bonnet Lawns
Towelling Diapers and Table Damask, sarc.uis widths
Super and medium wool black and fancy colored Cloths, cheap
Summer Casaimeres and Tweeds, assorted colors
Prince Albertand Chene thread Gloves, for gentlemen.
H. C. SPALDING & CO.
2id store west of8th street, between dth and 9th Els.
may 2-eot[3t&Itltw
f 1T| HOUSEKEEPERS.-he sutaiicrberis beg leave to
I call the attent'ron ofl the Public to their assu.lnent of House-
furnishing Aricles. whirh e.naista of almost every article used
in gertei.l housekeeping; suh ax-
Sofas, Bureaus, Wardrobes, and'Sideboards
Chaiis, dis.ing, pier, centre, and card Tables
Bedsteads, Beds, and Mattresses
Wasbatands, Critb, Cradles. and Baskel Carniiagis
Plated Castosa, Knives and Porks, and hall Lamps
Mahiartinr and gil looming Glases, Candlemicks and Lamps
A general assortment of Chins, glass, and crockery Ware
Andirons, 6ls.els and Tongs, tin aond hollow Ware
Tea and tat-le Spoons. Brushes, Plal Irons, and Saucepans
Britannia Ware, C..ffee Mills, wodeien and willow Ware, &c.
With many other articles too numerous fi. ras aderilsemeni.
All of which we are dester'iin.iad to sell at such prices and terms
as cannot fail tu give siisficlino,.. All we request is an examina-
tion of our articles and prices.
BOTELER & WARING,
op 22-eo3wif 7th street, nearly ol.foasita P'riiic Bank.
S AND!)MSOME (.ItAMBER FURNITURE. &c.
at Prihale ale.-The ii'lh.iwng vary thandsome ari-
tles ol Chamter Furnrure, &.? can b.e lhIal by application totbhe
undersigned, at private sale, viz.
I double black walnut Wardrobe, shelves and drawers min cen-
tre, with divisions for hanging clothes
Black walnut Toilet Table-
Prench Bedstead and Workatand, with desk
6 black walnut cane-seat Chairs, (2 arms, 2 sitting, I sewing,
and 1 small rocking. chair)
I black walnut Washstand, with marble top
1 black walnut Crib, with or wihout rockers
Wi h Mattresses, Feather Bed and Pillows, Hobby Horse, and
very handsome gold mounted Saddle-oloth, suitable for a mitiary
officer.
1f The above articles are at the residence of Captain
Bache, on Pennsylvania avenue, opposite PFuller's Hotel, where
they can be seen between the hours of 12 and 3 o'clock.
R W. DYER & CO.
ap 29-dtfif Auctioneers and Commission Merchants.
ANTE1bTO HIRE, by the month or year,
in a gentleman's family residing near the city, a woman
of honest, steady, and industrious habits. She must understand
the management of cows, and be fully competent to take charge
of a limited dairy. She must also be capable of washing and iron-
ing. To one who can bring a good recommendation, and none
other need apply, immediate employment and the best wages
will be given. A person from the country will be preferred.
Application to R. W. DYER & CO.
ap 9-dtfif Auctioneers.
ANE & TUCKEH, Merchant Tallors, have now
the.pleasure of announcing to their friends and the Public
generally the arrival of their Spring and Summer Goods, direct
from New York, of the latest importations-,comprising a general
assortment of the most fashionable Cloths, Cassimeres, 'nd Vest-
ings among which will be found some rare and beautiful articles
for Coats, Pantaloous, and Vests, never before offered in this city.
ap 5--d2wif [Globe & Mad.]
CE I ICE I ICE!I-The subscriber has just received a
cargo ofsuperior Ice from Rockland Lake, New York, which
be will sell at 25 cents per peck, or 80 cents per bushel, in spe-
cie, to persons becoming regular customers.
SAMUEL DE VAUGHAN,
april 13-dl wif on 9th street, 8 doors north ofD. Clagett's.
REGHOES WANTED.-The subscriber wishes to pur-
^ chase immediately a number of Negroes, for which he
will pay the highest cash price. He can at all times be found at
the corner of 7th street and Maryland avenue. All communiea-
ions addressed through the post office will be promptly at-
tended to.
dec 30-diftf JOSHUA STAPLES.
TTENTIO)N I-The s,.b.cribers, ever srxi.,ua, loir-lease
theircustomers and the Public in general, linhave t his day
received a large and very handsome asso, l enti .of Spring and
Summer Goods. To enumerate the various articles would occu-
py too much time and space. Suffice it It to say, we will suit all
tastes, styles, and fashions at economical prices. Economy, al-
though last in the order of recommendation, is not least in point
of Importance to the buyer.
N. B. We are determined to sell cheap for cash.
REED & MALBON,
Merchant Tailors, immediately opposite Gadaby's Hotel.
may 6-eo3t
-QT. JAMES'S HALL, near Hagerstown, Maryland.
Toe Right Reverend the Fili.p ei Maryland, Visiier; the
Reverend John B. lKifoot, Rector.
This institution will be opened on the let Monday in October
next, under the general supervision of the Rector of St. Paul's
College, College Point, New York. Prom unavoidable delays
in the extensive alterations and repairs, and the furnishing of the
buildings, the opening of the Hall has been necessarily postponed
from May to October; by which time all the preparations will be
fully made. There will be in each year one session often months,
beginning on the l1st Monday in October; and but one vacation,
the months of August and September.
Expenses, including every thing but books and stationery, $250
per session, payable in every case semi-annually in advance ;
$125 at the opening of the session, and the same on the 1st Mon-
day in March. No ext as. Pupils will net be received under
twelve years of age. As the number of pupils is limited, and al-
ready partly engaged, those desiring the admission of their eone
or wards, are requested to make early application to the Rev. John
B. Kerfoot, College Point, New York, from whom the prospectus
of the Hall, containing fuller information, may be obtained.
N. B.-Contributions of any books towards a Library for the
Institution would be very acceptable, and may be sent to the Rt.
Rev. Bishop Whittingham, Baltimore. spill 23-4wif
A CARD.-Mrs. S. MASI has several very desirable
rooms; also, a parlor and chamber adjoining; which she
would prefer to let to permanent or transient boarders. Corner
of 41 street and Pennsylvania avenue. may 6-eo3t
JAMES PHALEN & CO.
Manager's Office, Washington.
EXTRAORDINARY LUCK 14 36 61, Vhole
Ticket, the Capital Prize of $10,000, was sold in a packet
of whole tickets to gentlemen in North Carolina, by order.
j" 3165 77, Quarter Ticket, also a prize ofSlO,000, was sent
to Philadelphia.
Both the above handsome prizes were in the Grand Consolidat-
ed Lottery, Class 7, drawn in Wilmington, Del. April 14.
We would call the attention of distant and home adventurer,
to our Grand Scheme for May,26. Beyond all question it is the
very best loettery ever dawn in this country. The aggregate
amount of prizes is one million two hundred and seventeen thou-
sand dollars. We have already sold by order a large amount of
tickets, so that we can guaranty a splendid distribution of prizes.
Our distant customers may rely on having their ardors carefully
attended to, and the official drawing sent as soon as it comes to
hand.
GRAND
CONSOLIDATED LOTTERY O' DELAWARE.
Class A, for 1842.
Tube drawtfat Wilmington, Delaware, May 26, 1842, under the
superintendence of Commissioners appointed by the State.
78 number lottery-14, drawn ballots.
SCHEME.
I prIze of $ ,OOOl
S do 5,0,o0 i unUng to 1OO,000
1 do 25,OOOJ
1 prize of 610,000 is 610,000
1 do 7,636 7,635
I do 5,010) 5,000
1 do 6,0,ii 5,000
I do 5,000 6,000
1 do 6,000 6,000
1 do 5,000 5,000
1 do 5,000 5,000
I do 5,tiO 5,000
1 do 5,[(,i0 5,000
1 do ,000 6000
1 do i.0t,] 5,000
I do 6,UuO 6,000
1 do e.OO 6,000
1 do 6,000 600
1 do s,00n 5,000
1 l do 5,000 5,000
I do 6,000 6,000


I do 5,000 5.(i,
1 do -5,000 5,000
1 do 6,000 5,000
1 do 56r00 5 000
1 do 4,000 4,000
1 do 3,000 3,000
1 do 2,000 2,000
100 prizes of 1,000 l(i,.0I,0o
10 do 600 6,000
10 do 500 6,000
10 do 400 4 .000
25 iowet IN.) prizes of 300 61,500
128 pr'aes of 100 12,800
128 do O I.240
128 d.) 60 7.680
128 do 50 6,400
5312 do 40 212,4i0
28,224 dro 20 664,40
34,412 81,217,216
Whole tickets $20-Halves 10--Quartersa 85.
Certificats of packages of 26 Wholes *240
Do do 26 Halves 120
Do do 2t Quarters 60
Do do 26 Eighths BO
flPersons at a distance may be assured that their orders will
be rromptly and faithfully attended to.
All commLnicaunsa are considered and held strictly confi-
dential.
All Pries m ld i our Lotteries will be cashed on presentation.
Addte-s


ap 18


RICHARD PRANCE, Manager's Office,
Waeshington,










NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE.

VERY LATE FROM EUROPE.

The Caledonia steam-packet arrived at Boston
on Thursday morning at six o'clock in fifteen
and a hairdays from Liverpool, which place she
left on the 19th April.
She brings no news of great importance. Mo-
ney continued plenty. The advices from the
manufacturing districts very clearly indicate that
there is yet no actual improvement in the state of
business either as respects the quantity of the
goods sold or the prices obtained.
There had been quite an active demand in cot-
ion, and holders contended for an advance ofid.
on middling and lower qualities of American.
Flour was exceedingly dull of' sale, without
change in prices.
There is no later news from India or China. The
overland mail from India was expected to reach
London oi the 20th ultimo.
At a State Ball given by the Q.UEEN at Buckingham Pa-
Ihe on the 15th of April, the American Minlister, Mrs. and
Miss Ev rrTT, and the gentlemen attached to the Legation,
were present.
The steamship Columbia was spoken on the 19th ultimo,
at 10 o'clock P. M. by the Caledonia, abreast of the Skerries,
15 days from Halifax.
A correspondent of the London Times suggests with re-
ference to the steam-packet communication with America and
the West Indies that they might be carried on at much les
expense, and become much more efficient, if they were unit-
ed, instead of being carried on under separate contracts. He
recommends that all the mails from England should be taken
across the Atlantic to Halifax, as the nearest and moat con-
venient port, where a cheap supply of coal is always to be
had, from whence lines might be established *with the prin-
cipal points in the West Indies and the American continent.
He calculates, from the regularity of the Halifax packets,
that letters by this route would reach their most distant des.
tination in 20 days. This idea is the more worthy of atten-
tion, if it is true, as stated, that both the lines are now work.
ed at a loss, notwithstanding the very expensive contract en-
tered into with Government.
The financial measures of the British Administration have
been followed up in Parliament. A variety of alterations of
some importance have been made in Sir ROBERT PZEEL's
amended tariff of duties.
The corn law bill had its final passage in the House of
Commons April 7, and was sent to the House of Lords. The
discussion on the motion for the third reading was ayes 229,
noes 90-majority 139. A previous motion for postponement
had been lost by a majority of 150.
A debate on the Income Tax was begun in the House of
Commons on the 8th, on resolutions offered by Lord JOHN
RUSSELL, the purport of which was that the estimated defi-
ciency of income to meet the expenditure might be raised by
ajudicious arrangement of the duties on corn, sugar, timber,
and coffee, and a reduction of various prohibitory duties, and
that the House deemed it not necessary, and therefore not
advisable to renew a tax on income, "inquisitional, unequal,
and hitherto considered a war reserve." The debate was
continued in several successive sessions, and on the 13th it
was closed by a vote of 308 for bringing up the report, and
02 for Lord JoHNA RUssELL's resolutions-Ministerial majo-
rity 106.
The corn law bill, having passed the House of Commons,
was debated in the House of Lirds on the question of the
second reading April 18. Earl rrSTANHOPE' motion to post-
pone the bill to that time six months was rejected by a vote
of 119 to 17-majority 102, that the bill be now read a second
time-and Lord BaoUobtM's motion that no duty ought to be
imposed on the importation of foreign corn of any kind was
lost by a vote of 5 to 100. The bill was then read a second
time.
On the same day the Income tax bill was called up in the
House of Commons by Sir ROsERT PEEL, and opposed in a
speech by Lord JOUN RUSSELL, who moved the postponement
of the bill. Sir ROBERTa replied, and the debate was continu-
ed by other members. On a division, the vote for Lord JosN
RussELL's motion was 188, against it 286 ; majority 97. The
bill was then read the first time, and ordered to a second read-
ing on the 22d.
There was a debate in the House of Commons on the6th,
on Lord MAtON's copy right bill. The original bill proposed
S secure the copy right to the author for his own life and
twenty-five years further. It was amended on the motion of
Sir ROBERT PEEL, so as to give a duration of copy right for
forty-two years, and if this period shall expire i, the lifetime
of the author, an extension during the life of the author and
seven years from his death. A question arose on the propo-
sal to give the same benefit to the authors of books already
published. This also prevailed.
Sir ROBERT PtEL's-new commercial tariff, with the changes
to which the British Government has been induced to accede
by the representations and suggestions of those parties who
have a practical acquaintance with the subject, was laid upon
the table of the House of Commons at a late hour on Monday
night the 18th.
Baron BuLow is appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs to
the King of Prussia.
The accounts ofthe British revenue for the quarter ending
April 5, exhibit an increase in the whole receipts of the quar-
ter, compared with those of the corresponding quarter of
1841, amounting to 111,332. The increase on the year,
over the receipts of the preceding year, is .687,941. The
aggregate receipts of the year amount to 45,363, 827.
The papers give a list of thirty-three ships taken up by the
East India Company for the conveyance of troops, to the
number of six or seven thousand, to India, mostly destined
to Calcutta. Various corps of troops were on their march to
the ports of embarkation.
An iron steamer of 800 tons burden was launched at Li-
verpool, on the 13th. She is destined for the East Indies.
She is the eighth iron steamer built by Mr. Laud.
The four great Powers, parties to the treaty of December
last for the more effectual suppression of the slave trade, have
presented a joint note to the French Government, calling
upon it forthwith to ratify the treaty. No answer has yet
been given.
France and England have at length agreed upon the per-
son who is to be the husband of little Qlueen ISABELLA of
Spain. They fix upon a Prince of Bavaria, in order that
English interests may not be too exclusively consulted by the
selection of a Cobourg, or the French by that of a member of
the Orleans family. It ought to be added, however, that
the consent of Austria, Prussia, and Russia, to this arrange-
ment has yet to be procured.
The distresses in the manufacturing districts of Great Bri-
tain still continued, although the demand for labor was, on
the whole, somewhat better than it had been for some time
past. The Spitalfield weavers had been partially relieved by
further contributions from the metropolis and the commercial
towns; and the distressed operatives at Paisley were in the
receipt of donations sufficient to save them from actual star-
vation. Still the amount of suffering was very great, and
much greater, probably, than even the British public sup-
posed it could be, under the circumstances.
The troubles in Ireland, arising principally from the scarci-
ty of provisions, the want of employment and disaffection with


the Government, were every day assuming a more alarming
aspect. Murders, robberies, and other outrages upon the
laws were of frequent occurrence-all showing a laxity of
moral restraint and a desperate determination not to obey the
behests of Tory rule. The complaint was, that the Govern.
ment, amidst all its proposed measures, did not contemplate
doing-any thing for Ireland, or to lighten the burdens which
weighed down its energies.
The Admiralty have given instructions for the building and
equipment of a new steam-frigate, which is to surpass, in
siie and power, every thing of the kind yet afloat. She is to
be of 650 horse power; to have engine-room for 600 tons of
fuel; complete stowage under hatches for 1,000 troops, with
four months' stores and provisions, exclusive of a crew of
about 450 men; and is to be armed with twenty guns of the
heaviest caliber, besides carronades.
FRANCE,
The Paris papers of Tunesday are almost exclusively occu-
pied with the debate on the right of search in the Chamber of
Peers of the preceding day, and the comments to which it has
given rise.
With regard to this queastlion, it is clear that certain modi-
fications have been demanded by France. From what has
transpired with regard to them, it would appear that they re-
duce tjie treaty to the limits of those of 1831 and 1838, which
needed no new confirmation.
The Paris Mmonittur publishes a comparative statement
of the revenue of France for the first quarter of the present
year ending April I, and that of the corresponding quarter
of last year, showing an increase of 13,088,000 francs.


FROM O1UR PARIS CORRESPONDENT.

SPARIS, APRIL 16, 1842.
I have prepared for you a synopsis f the recent
debates in the British House of Commons and the
French Chamber of Deputies, bult, not finding apri-
vate conveyance, I reserve ihem, in order to es-
cape an exorbitant postage. They comprise sta-
tistical and historical matter which may be always
of some value. You will, no doubt, see in the New
York papers the British debate, of the 6th instant,
on the Copy-right Bill, remarkable for its literary
statistics, and the opinions of the legislators on au-
thorship and books. Mr. WAKLEY has drawn upon
himself abundant invective and ridicule, by his treat-
ment of WORDSWORTH, and his views of the com-
pensation due to the literary pen ; but he frequently
struck the right nail on the head, and administered
a salutary lesson. If Congress should come to dis-
cuss international copy-right, some member, I trust,
will unceremoniously inquire what the foreign wri-
ters who claim it deserve from an American Legis-
lature, and how they are paid at home. When you
open the two new volumes of JOHN S. BUCKiNGHAM,
entitled The Slave States of America," of which
the British periodical press is now availing itself for
the worst detraction of the American character, you
will judge the pretensions of such foreign artificers
to the favor of Congress.- The discussions of the
Chamber of Deputies throughout last week had more
pith and energy than at any other period of the ses-
sion. All the parties were animated by the pros-
pect of the elections in next July, and each furnished,
in speeches, its prospectus to the electoral colleges.
All the sections of the opposition have adopted
nearly the same topics of complaint against the
Cabinet and the same tactics for the field. Here,
and in many of the Provinces-indeed, in the whole
South and West-the activity of the Legitimists is
equally energetic and skilful. They have every-
where committees well organized, candidates well
chosen, and recruiting officers well equipped. They
boast of a considerable increase in numbers and of
the likelihood of their carrying fifty Deputies-
enough to determine the balance in the Chamber.
They will coalesce with the Republicans or Radi-
cals, whenever this may seem necessary for the defeat
of a Ministerial candidate. Thernore these parties
strive and combine, however, the more all the Con-
servatives, who know their ultimate, only real ob-
ject to be the destruction of 'the present monarchy,
are stimulated in their aims and efforts. You may
suppose that the Ministry are not idle on their side,
and that, with fifty thousand places and a budget of
two hundred millions of dollars at their disposal,
and influence proportioned to their means of ser-
vice or detriment, over the principal branches of in-
dustry and property, they may countervail the op-
position arrayed in any way. All this stir and ex-
ertion, for two hundred thousand voters, in a popu-
lation of thirty-three millions!
The debates in the Chamber of Deputies last
week terminated in conceding to the Cabinet all the
supplementary appropriations reported by the com-
mittee on the subject, and amounting to twelve mil-
lions of dollars, already expended or pledged in the
recess of the Legislature, and styled provisional
credits by royal ordinance. The head of the Treas-
ury was assailed about the terms, of the loan. His
answer shows, in a few words, the provident spirit
that governs in mere financial operations. He said :
"The object of the loan of 150,000,000fr. was to pro-
vide 51,000,000fr. for the extraordinary works, and cover
preceding deficits. Iirmatters of finance, when a want was
ascertained, there were only two modes of meeting it, viz:
by increased taxes, or by a loan. In this instance, the
Chamber had preferred the latter. In reply to the statement
that there were at the time upwards of 100,000,000fr. in the
bank belonging to the State, the Minister admitted that, in
strictness, the loan might, on this account, have been dis-
pensed with, but it was necessary that the State should have
a surplus of funds to meet any extraordinary exigency. The
next question, the Minister said, was whether the loan should
have been raised as a floating debt, or by a creation of rentes.
The latter was preferred, because, instead of paying 4 per
cent., the rate on Treasury Bonds, the loan cost 3fr. 91c.
percent., and at the same time was consolidated, and left no
uneasiness as to the repayment of the principal. Complaints
had been made of delays for different periods for the paying
up of the loan, but to this he would reply that every one
knew that the money market of Paris could never advance
more than 15,000,000fr., or 20,000,00fr. a month, without
risking a stoppage of the commerce and manufactures of the
country. As to the rate of 76fr. 75c., at which the loan was
contracted for, it was the most advantageous for the State of
any, except that of M. de Chabrol in the 4 per cents, at
102fr. 7gc., which was so disastrous to the lenders that he
was convinced he could not have obtained the money in this
fund upon any thing like such good terms as the loan now
contracted for. On the point of the subsequent rise in the
price mentioned by M. Mauguin, he acknowledged that the
State ought to deal upon the best possible terms for itself,
but he was at the same time assured that when it made hard
bargains, they in the end cost dear."
A chief engineer for the fortifications submitted
details of progress, plan of execution, and expendi-
ture hitherto. He insisted that the detached forts
and the continuous wall went forward alike in the
greatest degree possible ; that the whole would be
completed within the five years, and the cost-one
hundred and fifty millions of francs-allowed by the
law. This admits of doubt as to the pecuniary es-
timates.
On the questions of the fiscal census and the treat-
ment of the Spanish Regency, the Cabinet was ra-
ther "let off" or respited than acquitted and sus-
tained by the Conservative majority. The propo-
sition to frame a bill for settling the co-operation of
the Treasury agents and the municipal authorities
throughout the realm, in the business of appraise-
ment and assessment, was repelled by the Ministers
for this session, but acknowledged to be just and
expedient when the character and results of the late
imperfect work were better understood. Touching
Spain, the attack was more vigorous and direct than
on the former occasion. M. GuIzoT adhered to his
point of etiquette : an ambassador at Madrid was out
of the question, but the diplomatic relations contin-
ued as before by charges d'affaires. Ill will to the
Regency betrayed itself again in several parts of his
speech. He complained of the toast drank at Va-
lencia-Death to the King of the French. A mem-
ber reminded him that, in the Chamber of Peers,


only a few days before, ESPARTERO was called an
assassin and usurper, and consigned to perdition,
without reproof from the Ministerial bench. If the
toast was "ev-idence of anarchy" in Spain, what
did the language held in that Chamber betoken of
France? ODILON BAnRoT produced a strong sen-
sation by a highly rhetorical exposition of the case.
Let me give you a sample:
"OnDIox B aBoT-Men pushed their audacity so far as
to attack the Queen in her very palace at Madrid, and these
men were received and protected in the French territory.
"The MINISTER of FonasaIu ArAins-They were re-
ceived as refugees.
M. Onaaou BAanOT-As refugees! What! was it as
such that a Spanish General was welcomed here ? (Cries of
' Name, name.') General O'Donnell. Not only was he
received, but even honored. The heads of the Departments,
after, without doubt, having consulted the Government, and
receiving its special authorization, had lavished the strongest
marks of interest on this man. The Government acted far
differently when the Polish refugees were going to bear as-
sistance to the patriots of Italy. The word to them was,
'You are not Frenchmen; you are refugees-retire, quit the
soil of France.' (Approbation on the Left.) The fact al-
luded to that night was a proof of the unfavorable sentiments
which were felt by the Government towards Spain. The
epithet applied in the Chamber of Peers, to the Regent, cer-
tainly deserved being repudiated.
"The MIIsrzTI of Foizie APFAiRas-It was so,


i t M. O4mlrr A&aoT-Tha MonUeur did not say so.
Go and consult it. (Noise.)
"The Mistirsa of FotEIBre AAAnus-The honorable
Deputy will permit me to send him to consult it himself.
(Agitation.) I say that, when the insulting expression was
used, I stood up and dsavowed it. The President, in his
turn, addressed the gentleman using it, and made some per-
tinent remarks on the occasion."
BARROT adverted to the Quintuple Treaty of
Search in these terms: "You keep the protocol
open for raliieationt, but you know that ratification
is impossible. The British Government would be
deceived if it thought otherwise. You talk of your
diplomatic relations with the Regency of Spain;
you know that they cannot be adequately renewed,
because, after the decision of the Cortes, it is ob-
viously impossible for the Regency to yield to your
punctilio."
On the war in Algeria, no prior discussion had so
frank, instructive, and effective a character. The
two Deputies, Messrs. DE BEAUMONT and DE Coa-
CELLES, who visited the Algerine provinces last
summer, spoke, at length, as witnesses and anxious
observers., They both concluded that the Krench
enterprise should be strenuously prosecuted, but
their statements import that colonization is nearly
hopeless, and conquest always temporary and pre-
carious. It appears, from their testimony, that the
inhabitants, of every description, have been, from
the outset, every where subject to arbitrary and
military rule-no civil or legal administration, or
any kind of protection for person or property. The
Chamber was nearly unanimous for unabated war
on the refractory tribes and their Emir, and partic-
ularly for the immediate execution of such works at
Algiers as would render the harbor perfectly secure
for twenty-five ships of the line and three hundred
merchant vessels at one time. M. THIERS urged
that conquest and colonization were not to be de-
pended on, unless a capacious, indestructible mili-
tary and commercial port should be constructed-
a port corresponding to Toulon, and all-important
for French power generally in the Mediterranean.
Accordingly, we learn this day that the Ministry
have adopted a plan to that end, by the prompt ex-
tension of the mole, of which the cost is estimated
at from five to seven millions offrancs. A Legiti-
mist Deputy, GouvRY, a very able engineer, who was
employed at Algiers by .Charles X, endeavored to
prove, professionally, that twelve millions would
scarcely suffice for the projected mole work, and the
harbor, when so made, for half the number of large
ships of war. The gibes of the London press at
the French notion of a refuge for fleets and security
for armies among the Arabs, in the event of a war
with Great Britain, pique and exasperate the Paris
politicians of every division. At the end of the de-
bate, the banker FOULD called the attention of the
Government to the fact that foreign snuff had lately
been consumed to a great extent in France. He
thought that, in order to check this consumption, it
should be forbidden to import the article unless in
French vessels. It is on the tapis how the carriage
of the American imported can be secured for French
shipping.
The proceedings of the Chamber of Peers, on
the 11th instant, concerned Americans more than
those of the Deputies the week before. My family
and myself arrived at the Luxembourg with our
tickets at two o'clock, at which hour the galleries
are usually accessible. There was not a vacant
place, and several gentlemen watched at the doors
for a casual departure. The Quintuple Treaty of
Search-that is, a call on the Cabinfiet for explana-
tions of particular cases of capture under the old
conventions-had been made the order of the day.
I have been informed by two of the Peers that the
aspect and bearing of the Chamber throughout the
discussion indicated a more general and severe
hostility to the British claims and French conces-
sions than the Deputies had manifested. When
BARON DuPiN, who inveighed unsparingly against
the treaty, and scouted the pretence of philan-
thropy on the side of the four Powers, expressed a
fear that his voice might not carry authority and
force enough to impress his noble colleagues with
his own deep convictions, the cry, "yes, yes-go
on," arose from nearly all the seats except those
of the Ministers. The MARQUIS DE BoissY, one
of the richest men in France, firmly loyal to the
Orleans dynasty, and a stanch supporter on most
occasions of the Seult-Guizot Cabinet, summoned
the Minister of Foreign Affails in a prepared and
weighty harangue. You may conjecture its spirit
and torte throughout by this extract from his exor-
dium:
"It will not turn the discussion on the treaty of Decem-
ber, 1841, for the right of search. Such a treaty ought not
to be the accessary of the battle, but the battle itself; and it
is easy to prove, by the terms in which it is drawn up, that
the Ministry has shown itself in this matter weak and negli-
gent, both as respects our commerce and our national honor.
Luckily, as yet, the treaty has not been ratified, and cannot
be considered as law, until the ratification by the Govern-
ment has taken place, which constitutes the definitive con-
sent. But this consent must be given within the delay spe-
cified in the original draught of the agreement, for otherwise
the treaty is an absolute nullity."
He followed out the cases of the Marabout and
Senegambia, ending thus: "I wish to know from
the Minister whether, with the facts before him
which I have adduced, he intends using the facul-
ty he possesses to refuse to English cruisers the
warrants by virtue of which they exercise search.
'This is not a question of mere ministerial inter-
'est, but one of national honor." .M. GuIzoT
was hard pressed; he endeavored to soften the
cases; pleaded for British jurisdiction as to the
second, and treated the main question in the fol-
lowing terms:
"I will not leave the tribune without adding a few words
relative to the general question, namely, the treaty for
the right of search. I am desirous that the Chamber should
clearly understand the position in which we stand on this
subject. You know that when the moment arrived for the
ratification of the treaty of the 20th December, it was not
ratified by the Government, and that we proposed modifica-
tions, some of which were important, declaring, at the same
time, that we would enter into no engagement, direct or in-
direct, to ratify the treaty purely and simply at any period
whatever. This state of things was fully comprehended, and
accepted by the other parties to the treaty, and the protocol
was left open indefinitely for France, subject to the three
conditions which I have just mentioned. 'From that
moment the Government has received no note, no demand,
no application urging it to come to adopt a different course
from that which it had prescribed to itself. The Chamber
will now know what to think of the pretended urgent and
menacing applications which the Government is said to have
received, and of the weakness of which it is supposed it in-
tends to be guilty. I have nothing more to add on this sub-
ject. The affair is still in suspense. I cannot, I will not,
allow myself to be led into further explanations, for if I were
to say more, I should be guilty of a breach of duty. I en-
treat the Chamber to consider the inconvenience which would


arise from a perpetual recurrence to this subject: what
would be the use of it The only use would be to furnish
a means of attacking, and most assuredly embarrassing the
Cabinet, and the Chamber will not be surprised if I should
object to lend my assistance to such a line of policy on the
part of our opponents. There would besides be another
inconvenience-the exciting and promotion of feelings of
animosity between two great nations. I do not think this
would be very wise, or according to the feelings which should
actuate good citizens. I have had the honor of observing,
when speaking of the foreign policy of the Cabinet, that it
would be perfectly independent as regards the whole world,
and free from all special and exclusive alliances; but, whilst
we discarded the notion of any such alliance, we stated that
we intended to keep up friendly relations, and to live in har-
mony with all the Powers of Europe. Now, in order to
carry out such a policy, we must not permit ourselves to be
led astray by public credulity. Between two great Govern-
ments all acts, all declarations should be marked with pro-
priety ; they must be exempt from every thing like insult.
Insult may become another sort of policy, but that policy is
not ours. We are serious in our ideas of the good under-
standing which it is our intention to maintain with Great
Britain. We have a profound esteem for its Government,
and we will not permit our relations with it to be disturbed
by the contagion of animosities and public credulity. I do
not say this with reference alone to our foreign relations; I
speak also in the interest of a great question, of a splendid
cause, now under discussion-the abolition of the slave trade.


Prance had the honor of first commencing thi great work,
and of imparting the impetus to it, before a religious party
in England took it in hand. It is not for us to abandon so
noble an undertaking. I have sometimes shown that I am
not a man to hesitate at repudiating the errors of those who
have gone before us, but no consideration should induce me
to renounce the hope of completing the great undertakings
which they commenced. The abolition of the slave-trade
was one of them, and we are bound to continue it; we must
not allow ideas and feelings which are opposed to it to take
root. As regards the treaty of the 20th December, I will
remain within just limits. The Chamber may be assured
that we shall show no weakness or complaisance, but neither
will we abandon the great work bequeathed to us by our
fathers."
Two of the ablest jurists of the Chamber, PER-
SIL and LAPLAGNE-BARRi disputed and refuted
M. GUIzoT's doctrine on the points connected
with the law of nations. They denied to Great
Britin and every State all right of search or visit
on the open seas-all assumption of police on any
plea whatever-unless by virtue of treaty, or in
the case of pirates in the old sense. A pirate,
they observed, belongs to no country; a slave-
trader, although guilty, is French or American,
equally with any other vessel. The Duke DP
BROGLIE, President of the Anti-Slavery Society,
strove to vindicate the conventions of 1831 and
1833, in the negotiation of which he had a princi-
pal share; but hle disclaimed any defence of the
British Government on general grounds. He con-
fessed that he was still sore from Lord PALMERS-
TON'S management of the Oriental question. The
Peers were not satisfied with M. GUIZOT; they
inferred from his text that he meant to adhere, if
possible, to the last treaty ; but they abstained from
an expressive vote, lest they should weaken the
Ministry in the elections, the great majority being
conservatives. La Presse, a journal extremely so,
and specially of the Court, held this language:
We confess that the reply of the Minister of Foreign Af-
fairs to the observations of the several speakers left in our
mind a painful impression. M. Guizot is in error respecting
the extent of rights granted by treaties to England-respecting
the dangers which these rights threaten to inflict on our com-
merce-and respecting the nature of the public feeling which
impels all parties at the same time to demand guaranties
against those dangers. M. Guizot, we repeat, is mistaken.
His superior intelligence, seduced by honorable prejudices,
has given way in this circumstance, and it is high time for
him to put himself on his guard, for this question would
prove fatal not only to his power as Minister, bat also to his
character as a statesman. He is indignant against those who,
he pretends, are led away by the contagion of popular credu-
lity ; but he ought not to show that there is something worse
than the popular credulity which exaggerates the affronts of-
fered to national honor, and that is political credulity, which
sacrifices without suspecting it, and on the fairest pretexts,
the Mnot precious interests of the country. This kind of
credulity has been but too contagious amongst the statesmen
who for the last twelve years have been engaged in arrang-
ing this sad right of search; and the speech delivered by
M. Guizot bears but too strongly the marks of it."
The Liberal journals appeal to the electoral
college against ratification, and predict that the
national antipathy to the measure will frustrate all
the Government influence. Two of them declare
that the patriotic parties will reject all candidates
who shall not, besides engaging to oppose ratifica-
tion, pledge themselves to insist that the Govern-
ment do, without delay, declare null and void the
conventions of 1831 and 1833. This is a measure
which could not be forced on Louis PHILLIPE by
any Cabinet, if any Cabinet could deem it lawful or
expedient. Count MOLE was prevented by indis-
position, from speaking against the treaty, on the
11th ; his sentiments were sufficiently known.
See the enclosed articles for the news of the day.

Extracts enclosed in the above Letter.
The report of the Agricultural Society of India had made
its appearance just prior to the despatch of the journals re-
ceived by the last overland mail, but unaccompanied by the
papers which are read at the usual meetings, and which il-
lustrate the progress made in the various experiments of cul-
tivation. It, however, states that the chief objects which
have engaged the attention of the society, during the year
1841, were the condition of rice cultivation in Bengal, and
the benefits likely to result from the introduction of Carolina
rice, and the interchange of the Baraset grain with other dis-
tricts of Bengal; the establishment of hop cultivation in In-
dia, and the production of ripe hops at Bangalore; the plant-
ing of timber-trees throughout the North-West provinces, and
the receipt and distribution of a large supply of American
cotton-seed, to the extent of 82 maunds, which are stated to
have been despatched to almost every district in Hindostan,
as well as to the neighboring countries. At the nursery of
the society the greatest attention has been bestowed on the
culture of the sugar-cane, of which 41,400 had been distri-
buted through the provinces, the aim being the raising of the
character and value of that product. The society, on the
whole, appears to be in a flourishing condition, and the na-
tive members were increasing; the ratio at present, as com-
pared with Europeans, was, however, as 1 to 16.
Immediately below the abstract of the report of the Agri-
cultural Society, in the India papers, is the account of the
failure of the cotton experiment at Surat, where it will be re-
membered it was commenced under the three American plant-
ers whom the Court of Directors procured, at so heavy an
expense, in order to improve the cotton cultivation of India.
The ill-success attending the experiment seems to have arisen
from the bad management of the general superintendent, the
chief collector of the district, who appears to have been a
person but little adapted for the overlooking of an experiment
so important in its character, connected as it is with the man-
ufactures of the mother country.
We have received the Madrid journals of the 8th inst. in
due course, and those of the 9th by express. In neither,
however, is there any political intelligence of the slighest im-
portance. The Chamber of Deputies was occupied, on the
8th, with a discussion on the proposition for requesting the
Government, in the name of the Cortes, to present a bill re-
lative to cotton manufactures, as promised by article 2 of the
tariff bill of last year. Several of the Deputies spoke on this
occasion, but the discussion was by no means animated, as
the Ministry made no opposition to the proposition, and de-
clared that it was anxious to comply with the promise of last
session, and had delayed the presentation of a bill merely from


COMMUNICATIONS.

THE CHESAPEAKE AND OHIO CANAL.
Messrs. EDITORs: I observe by the late proceedings of
Congress, as published in the National Intelligencer, that the
citizens of Allegbany county, Maryland, including the Grand
Inquest for that county, have presented a memorial to Con-
gress praying that the stock in the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal
Company held by the United States may be surrendered to
the State of Maryland.
Upon a perusal of the memorial, I find that it asks not only
for the million of dollarsof stock subscribed for by the United
States, but also for the million and a half subscribed for by
the cities of the District of Columbia, and which the Govern.
meat has a lien upon in consequence of its having assumed
the payment of a part of the money which the cities bad ori-
ginally borrowed to pay for this stock. The memorial vets
forth that "the credit of the State is so impaired by her gen-
erous aid to the canal, that she cannot, however willing she
may be, raise the means to complete the work." It asserts
that "she is willing to release all her interest in her subscrip-
tions, large as they now are, in order that the Canal Com-
pany may pledge it for that purpose." It affirms that" there
isa no hope of obtaining the means for. completing the canal
and paying its debts except from the State of Maryland ;"
and it asks a surrender of this $2,500,000 stock as some
compensation to that State for the sacrifice she has already
made, and to enable her to procure the means to proceed with
the completion of the work."
I do not mean to enter into a controversy with the citizens
of Alleghany, for I well know that they, as well as thepeople
of this District and of the whole State of Maryland, are
deeply interested in the speedy completion of the canal, and
that it is their extreme anxiety to accomplish the desirable
end'which has led them to present this memorial; but I beg
you to allow me space in your paper to show, as I surely can,
that their prayer is based upon erroneous premises, and ought
not to be granted.
In the original formation of the Chesapeake and Ohio Ca-
nal in 128 the subscriptions were as follows ;
By the United States .$1,000,000
By the State of Maryland $500,000
By private citizens of Maryland 40,700
--- -- 540,700
By the Corportions of Washington,40,700
Georgetown, and Alexandria $1,500,000
By private citizens of same 510,600
2016,600
By private citizens of Virginia 39,400
By private citizens of Pennsylvania 18,700
83,609,400
This was the capital of the Company in June, 1838, and
in less than five years from that time nine-tenths thereof
was paid in money. Early in the year 1833 the State of
Virginia also subscribed to the stock of the Company, and
paid in money $250,000.
In the year 1834 the State of Maryland made an addition.
al subscription of $125,000, payable in 5 per cent. State
bonds.
In the year 1835 the same State made a loan to the Com-
pany of $2,000,000, upon condition that the 6 per cent. bonds
of the State should sell for a premium of 15 per cent.; that
no further subscriptions should be received to the stock of
the Company without the consent of the State; that all the
revenues of the Company should be mortgaged to the State
to secure the payment of the interest on the loan ; and that
the State should have the right to convert the loan into
stock if it should elect so to do. The conditions were agreed
to, and the State put into its treasury more than 15 per cent.
profit on her $2,000,000 of bonds. On this loan the Canal
Company has paid back to the State $409,600 for interest, be-
sides $7,600 to make the bank notes paid qqual to specie.
In the year 1836 the State of Maryland authorized a further
subscription of $3,000,000, provided her 6 per cent, bonds to
be issued in payment should produce 20 per cent. premium to
the State; that the property of the Company should be mort-
gaged to pay her 6 per cent. per annum on this subscription,
(thus making herself preferred stockholder;) and that the
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company should be allowed to
construct its road on ground which the courts of Maryland,
after having arrested the canal for two years, hail decreed to
be the right of the Canal Company. Owing to the domestic
embarrassments of the State of Maryland, this law was not
executed for a long time; in consequence of which delay and
of difficulties interposed by subsequent legislation of the
State the Company could not avail of any part of the sub-
scription until the year 1838. And in the spring of 1839, by
consent of parties, the 6 per cent. bonds were exchanged for
an equivalent value of 5 per cent. sterling bonds of the
State, which, on being sold, produced to the Company less
than $2,500,000, making a loss on this subscription alone of
more than half a million of dollars. On the question of
accepting this subscription, with its unjust and unequal con-
ditions, tt was opposed by the Corporation of Washington
and by many private stockholders. The Canal Company
have paid for the State $90,000 of interest on these bonds.
In the year 1839 the State of Maryland made a further
subscription of $1,375,000, payable in nothing but its own 5
per cent. sterling bonds, at piar; taking a further mortgage tose-
cure the payment of its interest in preference to all other stock.
holders, with other onerous conditions. The accepanceofthe
law under which this subscription was proffered was resisted by
the State of Virginia, the Corporations of Washington and dl
Alexandria, and by many private stockholders; but opposition
was vain; the State which offered the subscription and pre
scribed its conditions, owning a majority of the whole stock
of the Company, by the vote of her own representatives in
the meeting, compelled submission on the part of the weaker
partners, and it was accepted. The bonds taken. in payment
of this subscription were sold at 77 per cent. of their par value,
making a further loss to the Company of about $317,000
The Company has paid interest for the State on these bonds
more than $40,000.
I have now shown that the State of Maryland is the cre-
ditor of the Company for $2,000,000, and a stockholder to
the amount of $5,000,000 more. I have shown the several
periods at which she became a stockholder, and the manner
and circumstances under which she made her payments. I
have also shown that she holds a majority of the stock of the
Company, and can manage all its concerns according to her
own will, and that she has mortgages upon all the revenues
and property of the Company to secure her the interest on
$6 375 000, to the exclusion of the United States, the State
of Virginia, the District cities, and all the private stockholders,
until that interest is paid to her.
The surrender of this $2,500,000 of stock is asked of the
Government as" some compensation to the State of Maryland
for the sacrifice she has already made, and to enable hereto
procure the means to proceed with the completion of the
work."
Let us for a moment institute a comparison between the sa-
crifices and subscriptions of the State of Maryland and those
of the District cities, and also see how far the surrender
would enable the State to procure the means to proceed with


asked for, Is not nieeiesry for thi pipm! n lh tl
completely Lthe canal. All that is asked of the Stats of
lanr.is, that she shall d6 what the memorialisWs say
willing to do, that is," release all her interesting her ia.
tions, large as they now are, in order that the Canal Com-
pany may pledge it for that purpose"-(tle coplttion of the
canal.) But what authority can they have for ayJing that
the State will, under any sircamstancee, make suqh a waivrrl
It is notorious that a bill which passed one brianhl of ihe
I last Legislature, merely postponing for tlhe preset' (not re-
leasing) her rights to the revenues of'the Company, and
allowing the Company to pledge these revcnses for the com-
pletion of the work and the payment of its debts,was rejected
in the other branch, and that, too, when the Leiiliiture kptw
full well that the right of the State 1to the resnues of tihe
unfinished work was not worth a dollar, and could nMt be
made valuable until the canal shoulJ be coti.leted to Cum-
berland. The President and Directors of the Company
firmly believed that this bill would secure the completion ul
the work, without the aid of another dollar from the Siale,
and they sought to obtain its passage, bqt in, vain. Surely
the surrender of this stock is not necessary to enable the Le-
gislature to pass such a bill as this.
I trust that I have now shown Lhlt the petition ofthe cili-
zens of Allegheny is based upon erroneous premise,: that the
sacrifices made by the people of the District of Columita tir
the canal are far greater, in proportion to their means, than,
any which have been made by the people ofMarylindi: thai
the surrender of the stock will not afford the State the means
of completing the work: and that its surrender is not r, ees.
scary to the accomplishment of that end. Ilt follows, thb re-
lore, that if the stock is to be given to thlie who have made
the greatest sacrifice, the District has the first claim" to it.
I bave heard it argued that this stock Is of no value what-
ever, and therefore it may an well be given to the State. If
this position be true, the gift would be but mockery. But we
all know better. We do believe that, although it must Ie
some years before it will do more than pay an interest on bthe
cost of cnmpleiion and the preferred claims of the State, the
time will come when, besides doing this, it will also relive
the people of this D.trici from a lax which they are no- pay-
ing, andi have been paying for ten years past, for this same
wark. Besides the hope of direct income, at a future day,
this stock is valuable to the District from another eonsidtia.
tion. While we have so large an interest in the company we
shall have a right to be heard in the adjustment of the iariff
of tolls to be charged on the canal.
It has been asserted that the District had contributed noth-
ing towards the construction of the canal because Congrress
had assumed the Holland loan created by the Corpk.rain .f
the District. Let us see whtheh this is so.
No part of the half million subscribed by private cirz. ns
was assumed by Congress. Some f thiswas paid at the ja;l
door, and in one instance a subscriber for 95,000 died in ite
prison of this city, and afterwards the whole of his debt to the
company, with interest and costs, were paid by the Admin-
istrator. It is true that in the year 1836 Congress did assume
the payment of the original loans made in Holland by the
District cities, but the cily of Washington had, at that tim-,
paid by taxes and by other loans the sum of 9449 650 for com-
missions, exchange, and five and a halfyears' interest on the
originalloan. Alexandria and Georgelown also paid half
that sum for like charges. Congress assumed no part of this.
And if you will turn to a report of the Committee of thi Se-
nate for.the District of Columbia, of 2d February, 1835, pre-
pared with so much care by the chairman of that Commitip,
the Hon. Mr. Southard, on this verysubject, you will si e ihai,
in the assumption which they did make, they acted not nrly
upon the ground of their being the sole Legislature for tte
District, but upon the undeniable fact that the Governrn nt
was largely indebted to the District, and especially to the city
of Washington, for expenditures made by it out of the taxes
of the inhabitants in improving the public property within
the preceding thirty five years, while that property was w holly
exempt from taxation. Furthermore, when the surplus reve-
nue of the nation was- distributed among the Siates, in thibe
year 1836, no portion was given to ihe District because' but
five weeks before the passage of the distribution act the act
was passed to assume the Holland loan. With what truth
can it be said that the District has not contributed its fu I pro-
portion to the canal'l How then can Congress, with inv de-
gree ofjustice, dispose of thestock pledged in i's handed, un-
less it be for the benefit of the District 1
It is very evident that the eabarrassmientin which this Dis-
trict is now placed in relation to this subject, has esulth. d (ron
the factthat it not only has conlributed its f ullshare inihisen-
terprise,but that it put forth its entire strength atthecommence-
ment, while the great State of Maryland, most inteyestdl in tid
success, merely expressed its approbation by a subscription of
$500,000, being a less sum than w as subscribed by Ihi, private
citizens ofthe District, and now, after the State has, at ithe
last hour, made some corresponding advances, and Ihe Dis-
trict has not the ability to do more, it is said that the later has
abandoned the enterprise, leaving the former Io prosecute it
to completion. It, in the beginning, we had mesnrtd nur
contributions by Ihose of the State, and had afterwards ad-
vanced as she should advance, this reproach would never hase
been attempted, nor would the prayer from ihe citizens ol Al-
leghany ever have been made.
It is true that the United States have disappiintedi the just
expectations of the other stockholders in refusing further al.i,
after the dimensions of the canal and i's consequent co-i had
been greatly increased to render it suitable for nati.,nj pur-
poses, and if they are now willing to act a liberal [>ait Iwairds
those who have thus been disappointed, let them give u.,ih-ir
own million of stock to the other shareholders,in the prop..r i.u
in which they are such. By this course, no wrong w. ulai b.,
inflicted upon any efthem, and the State of Marylanil, hting
the owner of seven-ninths of the remaining stock, would bo
benefited in that proportion. But The stock subscribed for'
by the District cities, and now in the hands of the United-
States, can never be given to any other than thosecities with-
out committing an act of the greatest injustice to them.
It has not been my purpose to find fault with the Legisla-
ture of Maryland, although several of its acts were directly
opposed to the success of the caral; but I must be allowed to
say that, if the subscriptions which the State has n-tidp, had
been given when the other partners gave, and w f er, it was
wanted, the canal would at this day have been in successful
operation, with an expenditure of less money than has beea
paid for it, and the State at least might hzvn been saved a part
if not all of the burden of taxation which now lies upon her.
I regret, gentlemen, to ask so much space in your valuable
paper, but my subject is one of deep interest to he people of
this District, and I really believe that the people of Maryland
are not aware of half that we have done for the canal, or they
would entertain different feelings for us. If I have beei ,ue.
cessful in presenting a more correct view four clai.it son th,-s
point than is generally entertained, I shall be rquited for my
labor. I am, respectfully, yours,
WASHINGTON.
Ma. KNOOP'S CONCERT.
The lovers of music will, at the concert to begiven by Mr.
KNOOP, have a rare opportunity of enjoyment in witnessing
the extraordinary power of the violoncello, when in the hands
of a master. Mr. Knoop isconfessedly superior op this instru-
ment to any one who has been heard in this country, and, it
is believed, is not excelled in Europe, where he slaids i igh
as a composer of great merit and a gentleman oft education,
refinement, and worth. He brings with him letters and ere-
dentials of the most flattering character, and has been intro-
duced to the writer of this notice by gentlemen who speak of
him in terms of the highest eulogy, and whose favorable opin-
ions in such cases are not given upon slight grounds or to
interested solicitation. J.


a desire to frame it in such a way as to conciliate all inte- thecompletion ofthe work." Mr. KNooP, the celebrated violoncello player, assisted
rests. The proposition was accordingly adopted. The sit- Considering the loan of $2,000,000 as a subscription, the by Madame DE Gone, equally great as a perforiaer on the
ting of the 9th was entirely taken up with passing some of State may be said to hold stock to the amount of $7,000 000 guitar, gives a Concert on Monday evening at the Apollo
the articles of a bill for the recognition and liquidation of And her citizens individually - 40,700 Hall. To the superior merit of this eminent artist the Boa.
claims upon the State. In the absence of political news of ton, Philadelphia, and other papers have done great jtpiec.
importance, the Correo Nacional mentions a rumor that the The District cities hold $1,500,000 7,04,700 That Mr. Knoop is admitted to be one of the greatest vielon-
Spanish Cabinet had addressed to M. Guizot a strong remon- And their citizens individually 510600 cello players that the musical world ever produced, the fnl.
stance against the Pastoral Letter of the Archbishop of Paris s- A ividually 00 lowing extract from the celebrated German Coivesarti,n
to the French clergy, calling upon them to put up prayers ,010,600 Lexicon, in the article Violoncello," (1836,) will show:
for the protection t he renc the Church of Spain. The reply of M. Will it be said for one moment, taking into consideration The most celebrated violoncello players of the present time
e of M. the relative wealth and population of the State and of the are Romberg, Merk, Knoop, Bohxer, and Doeaster." Page
Guizot, adds the rumor, was not satisfactory. The Correo District, that the District has not gone far ahead of the State 755, vol. II. The power and capability of this ipst inetru.
takes care to disclaim all responsibility as to this rumor, by in its contributions to this work I Yes, and notwithstanding ment. even its superiority to the violin, no one ofer hearing
adding that itstands in need of confirmation. the population of the District is but one-tenth of that of the Mr. Knoop will dispute. What a treat to the ju.ge- and
We have received Malta papers to the 5th inst. inclusively, State, the private individuals of the former subscribed twelve lovers of good music Mr. Knoop's and Madame de Goni's
with advices from Constantinople of 27th ult., Smyrna 29th, tmes as much as thoseof the latter, concert will be, after so frequent disappointment and ennui
Alexandria 20th, and Syria 16th. The following is from the If the time and circumstances under which these two part- from vain pretenders to this noble art I T
Malta Times of the 5th instant: ners made their contributions to the work are considered, it
"The Levant news is not of great moment. The Porte will be seen that the District has made the greater sacrifice. This distinguished performer upon that noble in,,rmen -,
occupied with various complaints made against its function- With the exception of avery small sum yet due, the whole the Violoncello, gives a Concert on M.ndsy night atthe Apollo
aroccupiesd gowith various complaints ad against its function amount of the subscriptions in the District were realized by Hall. He enjoys great ce- brity in lur and has been
aries and governors. Much exaggeration seems to be given the Company by the close of the year 1833, at which time heard with delight wherever he hai performed in this
to various statements of our correspondents. It is difficult to the Slate had made but one subscription of $500,000; and if country.
arrive at the truth. It appears, however, that the English at account were stated this day, it would prove that the inter- The Violoncello is an inat:mepnrt orgreat power and basu-
dragoman of Damascus has been insulted by the Turkish au- eat on the payments made by the District would amount to ty, which is rarely heard in its perfection. One of the mte,,
thorities, and that Sir Stratford Canning has demanded satis- more than the interest on all the payments made by the State, remarkable concerts which we attended during a residence
faction. The torture affair of Smyrna is in statu quo. Sy- including her loan, first deducting the large sums paid by abroad was one given in Paris by two celebrated performers
ria was still in a very unsettled state, and the Turks show the Company to the State for interest under her mortgages, on this instrument, the brothers Bobrer, in the same rank
little patience or wisdom in their administration. The Phce- On the larger subscriptions of the State made since the year with whom, we find, by a German publication of high autho-
nix English war-steamer has arrived at Constantinople with 1835 (hut none of which were realized until the year 183.8) rity, Mr. KNooP is classed.
despatches from Beyrout. We hear nothing of the Bishop the Company sustained an actual loss in the manner of pay- Madame DE GoNi, whom we have already heard in Wasb-
of Jerusalem, except that he is busily engaged in carrying ent of near a million of dollars whiph it never can recover. ingtoes, it would be superfluous to praise. Her interesting
out the object of his mission. It does not appear that the Furthermore, on the advances made by the State of Mary- person, position, and character, no less than her sweet and
Sultan has acted upon the recommendation orthe French and land, she has actually received btack from the Company, in impassioned Guitar, recommend her to general favor.
English Ambassadors to replace OmarPachaby Emir Amin, the shape of interest, 8547,200-the District not a farthing. We trust that these two disiinguiehed artists will have
EngishAmbssa oepc P byE mirOne terminus of the Canal is in the State of Maryland; reason to applaud the good taste and liberally M the people of
youngest son of the mir Beshir. The Porte thinks a Mo- the other is in the District of Columbia. In its length it Washington. AN AMATEUR.
hammedan chief the most likely to pacify the mountain, passes 180 miles through the Stace, and but 5 miles through
which may be the case. The news from Egypt is unimpor- the District. M SIA IB IN
tant. The Pactha was still at Dumanhour, and is expected To show that a portion of the State is now enjoying large MUH1IAL INEXH UIBIT .
to remainthere a fortnight longer, benefits, let me mention that a barrel offiur, which formerly pOR THE NATIONAL tNT'-LIGLNLER.
A letter from Athens, March 28, in the Debats, says: cost one dollar to transport it from Washington county, Ma- Messrs. EDITroas: I had the pleasure of witnessing the
"The directors of the Royal Sugar Manufactory at Kainou- tyland, to tide-water, is now taken to market by the canal for Musical Exhibition of the young ladirs ,f Miss B BiAcnaD's
thirty cents, thus adding fourteen cents per bushel to the Academy on Friday eventr, last. When I say that the
ri-e oio wer, o ^ some tmepatbetrotsuarha v
been made, have just concluded some experiments on the tIsc of the staple of that rich country. I am not aware that pupils acquitted themselves to the entire satibf, action of the
h rows nata this District has yet derived any advantage from this work crowded and attentive asaeml.ly pasenr, I do but justice i.
root of the asphodel, a liliaceous plant which grows naturally which can compare with this. them, as well as to the merits of their able and sueciolful
throughout the whole of Greece in great abundance. These The memorial of the citizens of Alleghany sets forth that teacher, Mr. HswiTT. Music, in its social rel.tion and the
experiments have been crowned with success. Not only is the credit of the State is so impaired by her generous aid susceptibilities whiehit gives to the mind to i receive the rfine-
the sugar of admirable quality, but the quantity is six times to the canal, tht cannot, however willing she may be, ments and elegance ofliterature, is peculiarly adapted to he
greater than that furnished by the beetroot. Saples of the ase the means o mplete the work" and they ask the condition And character of the female se. It inparts to the
new production have been submitted to the King, who was surrender of this stock "to enable her to procure the means severer studies/which embrace the academic course of young
pleased to testify his satisfaction, and to promise encourage- to proceed with its completion." Let me ask, if the credit of ladies that train of thought so neces-arv for close and diligent
ment to this new branch of industry." the State will not now procure the means for this purpose, application. It prepares ihe mind for the cultivation of those
how could this surrender aid her I Has she not at this mo- moral feelings which elevate the soul far above the physical
C OWS AND CALVEN AT AUCTION.-On Tues- ment the entire possession and control of all the property of harmonies, and softens by its peculiar symphibiesthoswcalam-
,./ day morning next, the 10th instant, at 8 o'clock, we shall the Company, and of all the tolls and profits of this as well ties which sickness and misfonrtune too often bring to the sen-
setl at Centre Market Space two Cows and Calves and three as of her own stock, and of every other stockholder 1 What sitive and troubled mind. =
Yearlings. more could she have, to be applicable to the completion of the The simple melodies of our most popular composers seem .
Terms cash. tR. W., DYER & CO., canal, if she possessed every share of the stock in her own to be admirably adapted to the pliant and opening tinde of
may 0-2t Awtiooeers. absolute right I Nothing. The surrender of the stock, as the gentler sex. They are particularly in unison with th "



,


. ... . . .. !) 4- A....










J Y949iiiu1 &tss iions oforcdhoo3 aM4 sloull form a
h n1 to tseo elemelary priniplse which are first employed
* i aelop the resources of the infant mind. In the correct
mate of srech a sentiment I am sure there was abundant
ldsnoe fuharhil4ed by the exhibition of the junior pupils of
the institution, not only in the happy .facility with which
they ezecl-ed the -ocal accompaniments, but I the correct
time, approDtiate style, and tgracetpl melody of their youthful
voices. It wtas truly impolible for any one of the crowded
ud inatellWent asudlienco who witnessed the ezbibiiion to hive
been bamoid by the cheering, atimaied, and interesting
peetacli. The tbrongof lovely and innocent childrni-the
group of gracefil and fascinating ladies, pupilsd of a higher
department, and the lesser circle of those accomplished female
teachers ot the institution with the distinguished representa-
tive of the Academy at their head formed a picture which
furnished continued attraction to all parents, guardians, si.it-
era, and invited guests. I moat heartily congratulate those
parents and guardians who are the patrons of Miss B,'s Acad-
emy, that they have formed so correct a judgment in the pro-
per selsatiop of such an academy for the moral and mental
improvement f their daughters, and for the just appreciation
of the worth, the high endowments, and the bienseance" of
that simable lady. "FENELON."
THE BLUES.
GsMTLaMaK: Permit an old citizen to indulge ia a few re-
1aarks suggested by the military display of yesterday. I am
aware LhaT, t thIis season particularly, your paper i filled
with very important public matter, and space is an all-important
consideration, and so also is the engendering a proper military
spirit ampng the young men of our city, and is surely worthy
of the foitering oare and attention of our National Councils.
I hope, therefore, you may be able to devote a corner to the
deserved eulogy on the Blues for their soldier-like appearance
and high degree of perfection to which ihey have arrived in
drill exercises. This is a most important point in volunteer
service, and requires some one ot the officers to be imbued
with true military ardor-a thorough soldier in action and
feeling-for one energetic and eaLien officer often gives a
military character and tone to the whole company. Without
intlending in the least to disparage Ithe military capacity of
any other officer, I would observe that, in my opinion, too
much praise cannot be bestowed upon thie Orderly Sergeant
of the Blues (Mr. JaMEs BROOM) for the degree of perfec-
lion in drill to which it has been brought. I have witnessed
the assiduous care and great attention he has paid to their
drill on several occasions. I understand he.was requested by
several of the companies of Frederick to drill them, and he
fiu many Battering letters from the officers there of the able
manner in which he acquitted himself of that duty. He is
soldier-like in appearance, knows a soldier's duty in all its
departments, and is worthy of promotion to the regular service,
MAY 6, 164. ______ S.
Ma. BRAHAM.
The name of this extraordinary man is associated with the
moet delightful reminiscences of musical excellence. 'The
vutaries of the divine art," the most eminent composers,
and the best'opera singers have all united to place him in the
Ant rank of hi. profetion. It is but a just tribute to the
merits and acknowledged celebrity of this gentleman to, re-
mind your readers of the fact that, in his bright and palmy
days, he had no rival in England, and is even yet without
one. To give proper and finished effect in those days to the
compositions 1f the ablest masters of the Italian, German,
and English schools, it was deemed indispensable that the
splendid vocal powers and inimitable modulations of BRABAt
should give effect to their harmony. In the department of
Sacred music his fame is pre-eminent, and is justly associat-
ed with the finest effusions of Cimarosa, Pergolesi, Handel,
Haydn, and Mozart. Who that is conversant with the his-
tory and character of those great musical festivals of the pre-
sent and previous century, but can readily recall the wonder-
ful performances of Mr. BRAHaSM. I need only advert to his
unrivalled excellences in the divine oratorio of the Mes-
siah," and will here relate an anecdote by the celebrated Ro-
bert Hall, of England, well known fer his learning, eloquence,
and piety. It is given entirely from memory. Hall attend-
ed one of the great Commemorations of Handel in West-
mianster Abbey, daturing the reign of George IIlI., on which
occasion the chef d'cuvre of the great master,' The Mes-
siah,' was performed. He describes the vast assemblage,
the number and quality of the vocal and instrumental per-
formers, and lastly, the Court and Cabinet of the august
Monarch. The King, seated amidst the brilliant throng of
lhis attendants, gave htai whole attention to the fine strains of
harmony which reverberated through the vast compartment
of the venerable structure. After a considerable pause in the
course ofthe performances, the organ, in a subdued and touch-
ing prelude, announced that master-strain of harmony, I
know that my Redeemer liveth,' accompanied by the deep and
mellow tones of Braham. So overpowered was George llI.
by the effect of the singer and the sublimity of Christian tri-
umph which divine inspiration gave to harmony, that he in-
voluntarily rose up from his seat, and was followed by the
whole court I" .Hall beautifully adds, "that it seemed to be
the auent of a whole nation to the truths of Christianity."
I had the pleasure of attending on Friday evening last the
concert of the Mesar. Brahamn, father and son, and was agree-
ably disappointed. I had thought it probable that the voice
of the great singer had somewhat failed within the last ten
years, and that his fine inflexions and intonations, the power
and volume of his magnificent voice, could no longer delight
the ear and move the sul; and there may be a difference be-
tween the singing of this gentleman at the present day and
that of his former years. His voice-is still, however, power-
ful, rich, and varied, and in its compass flexible and com-
manding; and I was delighted in having, for the first time
in my life, the great satisfaction of hearing that voice which
4a&s been the delight and admiration of all Europe.
I should do great injustice to the merits of the younger Mr.
Braham if I omitted to mention what was so evident to all
the amateurs and lovers of music who attended the concert,
viz. the excellence of his style and execution as a singer and
his fine manly voice. He bids fair to reach the highest ex-
c,1l6aces of his art, and profiting, as he doubtless has done,
by the skill and tuition of his gifted father, the name of Bra-
ham, as the master spirit of Song, will not die with the parent
stock. Delightful thought, that when the ancient statue of
Memnon shall have breathed ots dying harmonies, its echoes
can still be prolonged! Pray, Messrs. Editors, is it not prac-
ticable that an opportunity should now be offered to the cote-
ri of the metropolis to witness some of the performances of
the Messr. Braham in the department of sacred music'1
Will not the clergy, the Christian community, and the teach-
ers of sacred muicte make some effort to induce Mr. Braham
to give an oratorio during his visit 1 Let them make the
effort-I feel assured our citizens will "personally" respond
to it. _______"BELLINI."
TO THE EDITORS.
GENTLEMEN: My attention has just been called to an error
contained in the report of the Commissioners appointed to
inquire into the condition of the public buildings in Wash-
ington, dated July 16, 1841, which requires to be corrected
by me.
At page 123 of the printed report is the following state-
menit:
The plan ofthis building (Patent Office) was projected
by Town and Elliot, and not by the architect of public build-
inga."
This is incorrect. Mr. Town had no agency in the pro-
jection or invention of this building: the plan is entirely my
own. For authentic information on this point I regret that the
Commissioners dId not refer to the proceedings of ex-Presi-
dent Jackson and his Cabinet of July 6, 1836, on file in the
office of the Commiasioner of Public Buildings, or to the
present Commissioner of Patents, H. L. Ellsworth, who is
better acquainted with the origin and progress of this build-
ing than any other person. W. P. ELLIOT.
Oldisc OF T'n BALT. & OHtO RAILROAD COMPANY,
WAeHIN6TOM, MAY 9, 1842.
"TOTICE.-Military Companies desirous of visiting the En-
1. c campment at Baltimore will be carried on the Washington
Branch Road for half fate, viz. '2 50 the round trip, to have the
privilege of returning at any time during, or within two days
after the breaking up of the Encampment.
The different Companies will please make application to the
Agent at Weihingtoa on the Friday or Saturday previous to the
lath, that he rosy have time to advise the Superintendent at Bal-
timore of the number of cars, &c, that will be necessary for their
accommodation. By order:
may 9)--t SAM. STETTINIUS, Agent.
HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE AT AUCTION.
Cn Wldneeday next, the llth instant, at half past 10
o'.:i.-.k A. M we shalihell at the residence of Mrs. Commodore
Rodiers, Prestdeni's Square, part of her household furniture,
amongst which are the following articles, viz.
Mahogany and otner Chiirs
Mahogany Sideboard, with Marble top
Haadmme Mahogany Cabinet
Pier aad Mantel Glasaes
Window Curtaina and Ornament!.
Bresels and Ingrain Carpets
Parlor and other Stoves


-Andirons, bovela and Tongs, and Fenders
China, Crockeiy, and Glass Ware, Plateau
Demijohnsaf e'ood Wine
High and Prench post Bedsteads, Beds, and Maitreases
Mahoigany Buieaus, Wardro, ie,, Washuiands, roiel aets,
&c &,.
With many other articles nI Ineceesr) tlto Ia enumerated
Some Kitcaien rqiinsianes. F. W. DYER & CO.
may 9-3stif Aueiioneers.
BEAUTIFUL COUNTRY RESIDENCE FOR
MALE.-The subscriber's family wishing loereinw.e fr..rn
the country, he offEairs the beautiful eatat- of GLIFTON fr sal-.
This property listen miles from Waalioisin sand r.r from Alex-
andria, on tha Mount Vernon road. The mansion, which is of
the first class, is kuilt of brick. and haa a fr.-nt of 14u I'eet, and is
fmaihed in the beat manner there is a lichens, two dry cellars,
store room, pantry, and wine rooms, all sIljebed to lbe mansion,
bHsldes spumpofeocelient waIc; in front ias i-eaudlful colonrnale
40 by s30o fAe, paved with Italian maitble. The grounds are laid
sut In the English style with greal tasle and are well stocked with
flowers and shrubbery. In front of the lawn is a double aitficial
terrace, from whicn is a delightful view of the Pot.mae, PForr.
Washington, Mount Vernon, and the sfirrounding country;
there a11 two large gardens well stocked with every descrip.
tion of rare garden trmt in fine order. The Ifruit on uhis estate is
not surpassed in the Unted Siates, co.nisting of upward of 500
apple, peach, plum and nectarine t aees, with a cider mill and press
capable of making a large quantity ociider. Ibhere are two hun-
dred and Xfty acres uf lend, filly nf sitch are heavy wood, and
abont sixty young I the realst is laid out ii fields .1 arable and
meadow land, wa watered.
For terms, Ac. apply tol. W. Dyer, & Co. Mr. A. Plemming,
of the Marshatll h e Alexandria, will show the estate.
pay #-3tailwt "l J. MARTIN, of Clifton,


WASHINGTON.
"Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and
Inseparable."

MONDAY, MAY 9, 1842.

RHODE ISLAND.

It is gall and wormwood to the Destructives
"here and elsewhere," to discover that mere De-
magogueism, however it may flourish for a time,
and even succeed to a certain extent in infecting
the Government, through the influence of deceit
practised upon the People, can effect nothing when
its batteries are levelled direct against the Consti-
tution and Laws, either of the United States or of
any particular State, as they have lately been in
Rhode Island. Mob-law may reign for an hour,
or for a day, but in due course of time the offend-
ers are sure to be made to pay the penalty due to
the offence of wilfully setting the laws at defiance.
The proceeding in Rhode Island has been, from
the beginning, only an unlawful action of men,
disappointed in ambitious aspirations, seeking to
attain, by an overturn of the State Government,
political elevation, which they have not been able
to achieve by fair competition with their fellow-
citizens. This mob proceeding is not the less,
but the more, to be reprobated, because of the
formality with which its assault upon the Laws has
been conducted. There is every reason to believe
that those who have been most conspicuous actors
in it will reap their reward.
The following paragraphs, from the Providence
Journal of Friday last, contain the latest informa-
tion we have from the seat of conflict between es-
tablished government and the conspirators against
it: in which term, be it understood, we do not
include the mass of the people who compose the
suffrage party, but those leaders only who have
deceived them into rebellion.
ARRESTS FOR TREASON.-DOTZE J. PEARCE was yesterday
arrested on a warrant issued by Chief Justice DURFEE, on a
charge of treason against the State. He was held to bail with
two sureties, in the sum of $5,000 each. Sanford Bell and
Nichols Hazard were his bondsmen. The same men were
bail, to the same amount, in the case of Daniel Brown.
A warrant was issued yesterday against JOSEPHa JOSLIN,
the General Treasurer under the pretended Constitution. He
had not been arrested when the boat left. It was supposed
that the others would be arrested in Newport to-day.
A warrant was issued yesterday against Taos. W. DOnR,
on a complaint of treason against the State. A warrant was
also issued against JEREMIAH SHELDON, ofGlocuester. Neither
had 'been arrested when we went to press.
VsSIT TO FORT ADAMs.-Yesterday, the Governor, Sena-
tors, Secretary of State, Attorney General, and Jddges of the
Supreme Court, by invitation of Major Payne, paid a visit to
Fort Adams, Newport. The guests were carried to the Fort
in the barge, and were received with a salute of fifteen guns.
A review of the troops was held, and the Governor and other
guests expressed their gratification in the highest terms at the
discipline and appearance of the men. Alter the review, the
Governor was invited by Major Payne to inspect the arms.
A fine collation was served, and, after examining the fortifica-
tions, they departed highly pleased with the attention and
hospitality shown to them.
Tut SUPREME JUDICIAL CouRT.-The next term of the
Supreme Judicial Court does not take place till September. Ii
is very important that the persons who have lately been en-
gaged in open, shameless violation of the laws, should be
speedily tried. It is the right of the accused, and the ends of
justice demand it. We trust the General Assembly will not
adjourn until provision has been made for a special session of
the Supreme Court in all the counties.
ESCORT 0F THE GOVERNOR.- This afternoon at five o'clock
The good citizens of Providence are desirous of manifesting
their respect'for the Governor and Members of the General
Assembly by a military and civil escort, and arrangements
have been made for that purpose. The escort will meet the
Governor and General Assembly at the landing of the steam
boat, [from Newport, the seat of Government,] and proceed
to the quarters of his Excellency in this city. The escort
will be accompanied by a band of music, and his Excellency
will be received by a salute of artillery. An excellent feel-
ing prevails on this subject, and such a display will be made
of the true-hearted men of Rhode Island as will show that
the Government lacks not the means of defence in its own
citizens.
The General Assembly is expected to adjourn this day al
2 o'clock, and the steamboat to arrive at 5 o'clock.
RtoutsiTioN UPON THE PRESIDENT.-The following is the
form of the requisition upon the President of the United
States by the General Assemlly:
Whereas a portion of the people of this State, for the pur-
pose of subverting the laws and the existing Government
thereof, have formed a pretended Constitution, and, for the
same unlawful purposes, have met in lawless assemblages
and elected officers for the future government of this State:
And whereas the persons so elected, in violation of law, but
in conformity to the said pretended Constitution, have, on the
third day of May instant, organized themselves into Execu-
tive and Legislative departments of Government, and under
oath assumed the duties and exercise of said power: And
whereas in order to prevent the due execution of the laws a
strong military force was called out, and did array themselves
to protect the said unlawful organization of Government, and
to set at defiance the due enforcement of law: Therefore,
"Resolved by the General Assembly, That there now exists
in this State an insurrection against the laws and constituted
authorities thereof, and that, in pursuance of the Constitution
and laws of the United States, a requisition be, and hereby
is, made by this Legislature upon the President of the United
States, forthwith to interpose the authority and power of the
United States to suppress such insurrectionary and lawless
assemblages, to support the existing Government and laws,
and protect the State from domestic violence.
Resolved, That his Excellency the Governor be requested
immediately to transmit a copy of these resolutions to the Pre-
sident of the United States."
Holding the word of promise to the eer and breaking it
to thehops."-This saying was strikingly verified during our
last court, In the case of a juror who had absented'himself
during an inclement day-pleading that, and the distance he
had to ride, as an extenuation. And to the very last, he be-
lieved the excuse a valid one. The Judge said, Mr. -,
in consideration of the very inclement state of the weather-
the great distance you live from the seat of justice-your
former pttnctuality as a juror-and the fact that this is the
first case under the new rule laid down by the Court; we
say, all these things being duly considered, we fine you only
$5 !" Up to the time of uttering the words five dollars,"
two to one would have been bet upon the release of the ju-
ror-ali laughed as they were pronounced, except the absen-
tee; wvb we are sure, although disappointed at the time, was,
after a little reflection, convinced of the justness of the fine.
[Marlborough Gazette.
On Saturday last, when the Hamburg railroad cars were
about forty miles on their way up from Charleston, the sparks
set fire to the interior of the car next to the last of the train.
The engine being under rapid progress caused the flames to
burn so fiercely as to drive the passengers to the fast-boards,
and sing out lustily for assistance, which, however, was
promptly afforded, and the fire speedily extinguished, doing
little further damage than giving the inmates a good fright.


DREADFUL ACCIDENT.-A serious accident occurred Satur-
day afternoon on the Norwich and Worcester railroad. The
engine of the steamboat train came into collision with a wagon
and two horses upon the Killingly crossing, six miles above
Moosup, and before the cars could be stopped, the wagon was
broken in pieces, both horses killed, and an old gentleman
by the name of Edward Badger was thrown with great force
over a precipice. He was taken up in a stale of insensiblity
and carried to his own house near by; it is supposed that he
has received a mortal wound. Mr. Badger is one of the oldest
and most respectable itnhabitants of the village, and his loss
will be deeply deplored.
CLARKSVILLE, (TosN.) APRIL 21.
About four o'clock this morning our citizens were roused from
their slumbers by the startling cry offire! The packing house
of Mr. W. S. JosNEs's extensive tobacco stemmery was already
wrapt in flames. The fire spread rapidly frqt wing to wing, and
in two hours the whole establishment, strips,Rems, and adjoining
small buildings, was a smouldering heap. All efforts to save any
thing but the dwelling were allowed to be useless, and seventy
or eighty hogsheads of tobacco in store, with one hundred and ten
hogsheads in another warehouse, chiefly inferior, and seventy-five
hogsheads strips shipped, are all that have been saved ofat least
atimlion pounds purchased and in hand. The loss, we under-
stand, may be set down in round numbers at $40,000, of which
410,000 is insured at the Agency of the Tennessee Marine and
Pire Insurance Company in this place, and $10,000 in London.
Mr. Jones supposes the fire to be the work of an incendiary.
[Chronicle.


THE COLONIZATION CONVENTIO, 1!

As Ihis Convention of the friends oflthe Amer-
ican, Colonization Society is still in sessitonwe
cannot, although impressed with the unusuall in-
terest and great importance of its'. proceedings,f
do more than expressthe ,opiaie,'!tliat, if eon-
eluded in the, spirit which has thus far animated
the hearts of those present, arid fully submitted
to the ipubiic, they will arouse the whole country
w a sense of its obligations to cherish, defend,
enlarge, and ,sustain the colonies of Liberia. The
resolutions submitted at the opening meeting on
Wednesday evening by Mr. GvRL E embrace a
wide field and many topics, and with one or two
slight amendments were, on Saturday evening,
adopted with great unanimity. The presence of
Dr. JAMES HALL, General Agent of the, Maryland
Colonization Society, whose,. ability and philan-
thropy are seen in the prosperous colony at Gape
palnas, and who has a knowledge of the climate,
productions and commerce, and people'of Afri-
ca, has contributed by his most interesting and encouraging
:statements to excite the attention of all who regard either the
welfare of this.country or Africa.
And it has been a source ofhilgh gratification to the friends
of the Society that while the Imn., Mr. UNDERWOOD, of
Kentucky, has continued to preside during the whole time
over the Cpnventien, it has been addressed with extraordi-
nary eloquence and effect by the distinguished Senators, the
Hon. Mr. MOaEESAD, of Kentucky, and the Hon. WM. C.
RtEs, of Virginia, who solemnly pledge themselves to move
in the Councils of the nation for the more effectual suppres-
sion of the African slave trade, i'* nd that, many other gen-
tlemen have engaged with ornestness in stipport of the in-
tprests of the Sqciety.
That early and generous friend of the cause, FRANcis S.
KEY, Esq. spoke with his rare felicity, and we have seldom
beard any thing more patriotic than his remarks ont he duty
of concert between our country and Great Britain to put
down the slave trade by the civilization of Africa. Messrs.
WHITTL.ESEgY and ELLSWORTH, of the Executive C.,mnitiee,
the Rev. Dr. PARKER, (Missionary to Chir,a,) the Rev. Mr.
BULINSCH, the Rev. Mr. HAWLEY, Cthe friend-of Ashman
and almost faithful laborer in the cause,) engaged earnestly
in the proceedings of the Convenlion.
Gseat numbers of emigrants are pressing to the ports of
embarkation, and the pecuniary wants of the Society to as-
sist them were strongly depicted. We look for very animat-
ing results from this Convention, and trust the cause for which
it assembled is about to be deemed worthy of the support of
the State Legislatures and of the whole nation.
El- The concluding meeting of the Convention will be held
in the Rev. Mr. Rich's Church, 41 street, this evening, at half
past 7 o'clock, where we look for a crowded house.

RELEASE OF SANTA FE PRISONERS.
The West India royal sniail steamship Teviot
touched at the Balize, below New Orleans, on the
30th ult. being last from Vera Cruz. Letters re-
ceived by her bring the gratifying intelligence of
the release of eight of the AmeriCan prisoners of
the Santa Fe Expedition, Mr..KENDALL being one
of them. The particulars of their release we
have not ascertained. General THOMPSON had
reached Mexico some days before, and it was
thought that his active and decided course had
effected their liberation.-N. 0. Bee.

The Norfolk Beacon contains the following ex-
tract of a letter received from an officer on board
the United States ship Cyane, dated
VALPARAISO, JAN. 31,1842.
This ship left Rio the 21st of December, 1841. We have
just received orders for Callao, and cannot say how long we
may remain at hat place. The Bolivian Government, Iun-
stand, is in a slate of revolution, besides a large army of Pe-
ruvians are now before the gates of Lima, so that we. may
have qur hands full in protecting our merchants in that city.
We shall remain on this coast until the arrival of our flag
ship the United States ; after which I cannot say what may
be our destination, probably up the Columbia river, and out
to the Islands, and thence to the East India islands. All well
on board the Cyane.
The Lexington Intelligencer says: We regret to learn
that Mr. EDWIN BRYANT, of this city, Special Agent of the
Post Office Department, was severely injured in a fight in
Jackson, Mississippi, a short time since. We have not learn-
ed any further particulars than that both bones of his right
leg were badly fractured."
FATAL DUEL.-On the morning of the 29th ultimo, a duel
was fought near New Orleans, at half past six o'clock, be-
tween the Hon. A. W. PICHOT, Judge of the parish of As-
sumption, and ROBERT C. MARTIN, Esq. which resulted, upon
the first exchange of shots, in the death of the former.
The difficulty th at led to this tragic meeting (says the Bee)
had its origin in the excitement which grew out of the ap-
pointment of Judge PICHOT, in consequence of his not being
a resident of the parish at the time it was made."

CANAL STEAMBOAT.-A cUrious piece of floating material
in the way of a steamboat now runs regularly between this
place and Albion. The boiler (six horse power) is near the
bow of the boat. The wheel is in advance ot the boiler. The
body of the boat is built upon timbers, which stretch along
its outer edge. The waves caused by the wheel are thrown
between these timbers, and are spent before they roach the
stern of the boat. The result is, the sides of the canal are
not disturbed, although the boat moves off easily at the rate
of five miles the hour. It seems to work very well, and may
do.-Roch, Dem.
CAREER OF CRIME.-W. H. Cook, a youngman scarcely
twenty yeats of age, was convicted of burglary in the New
York Court of Oyer and Terminer, and on Tuesday was
sentenced to 21 years' imprisonment. There are few in-
stances of such innate :depravity end irreclaimable propensity
to vice, as this unfortunate young man has exhibited almost
from his boyhood. Several years back he was convicted and
imprisoned for a rsiArr v, being then a mere boy; and since
then his life has been but one continued series of crime. He
was strongly suspected of being concerned in the murder of a
most interesting boy about ten years old, the son of Mr.
Phelps, 6f Brooklyn, who was murdered about two years
since, in the noon day, within the precinictl onithe city. But
sufficient evidence could not be obtained tO convict Cook of
the alleged murder. He was, however, clearly convicted of
a burglary and the number of burglaries and various other
kinds of robberies which could be proved against him are be-
yond any thing on record of one so youthful.
MELANCHOLY ACCIDENT -.At New York on Tuesday last
an inter ing lad about 14 years old, the son of Villiham
Kurry, came to his death under the following circumstances:
He had been in the habit of climbing through an aperture
inra boarded space left for the erection of sashes in a window,
in the first story of a house now erecting in Centre street,
when yesterday losing his balance he fell headlong into the
cellar and was instantly killed.
Captain WILLIAM THORN, aged ninety-three, died at St.
Clair, Michigan, on the 13th instant. Captain T. was one
of the fathers of the Northwest. He was the first white man,
it i believed, who sailed a vessel on Lake S.uperior, and he


seed as a pilot to the unfortunate ezpdliiion of Major
Croghan against Michilimackinac, and was the first settler of
St. Clair county.
The case of Meyer vs. Dr. Luzembarg, claiming $25,0001
damages for alleged unprofessional treatment of a broken,
limb, which had been for some days before the district court
at New Orleans, terminated by a verdict of the jury for the
defendant. This is the third time this case has been tried.
On the first and second trials thejury could not agree.
A fire was discovered in the auction store of Messrs. Ruig-
glee & Chace, at St. Louis, on the night of the 23d ulnit. The
fire was soon extinguished; but the damage done by the
quantity (.rf water thrown into the building, in which was
stored $60 00') worth of goods, will pr.ib.,blv exceed $20,000
or $25,000. Covered by insurance in Philadelphia.
The following advice of President WiT'EiSPOON to his
pupils might be of benefit to some orators of the present day:
" In the first place, take care that ye ne'er begin Io speak
till ye ha' something to say ; and secondly, be sure to leave
off as soon ye ha' done."
STRANes, IF TaBvz,-An old lady in the west of England for
twenty successive years had darned stockings with the same nee-
dle; in fact, so used was the needle to its work, that frequently
on the old lady leaving the room it would continue to darn with-
out -her. When the old lady died the needle was found by
her relatives, and for a long time no one could thread it, nor
could they discover what obstructed the threads, when by micro-
scop;c observation they discovered a tear in the eye of it.


OPERATIONS IN rLORIDA.

EF.Ar'U4RTRsRa, AraMT' OF FLORIDA,
S PALA tAKAHAM, APRIL 21,1843.
SIR: Tn following out the movements, by detachments,
up-.n several point on the Withlacoochee, indicated in a
former report to take place on the 13th instant, the enemy
was finally brought to action in a strong position, on the
morning' of the 19th, situated southeast from this, in the di-
rection of Ahapopka lake; and, after a spirited attack and
well-sustained defence, thoroughly routed and dispersed.
Our loss is, one private killed, one sergeant and two privates
wounded of Kert's company 2J dragotois, and one private of
E company 2d infantry wounded ; the enemy, one killed, two
Wourided, amd one prisoner. The latter I have used to open
a communication with the Chief Halleck, who commanded
the party encountered, from Which favorable results are anti-
cipated.
It: is due to the offienrd tnd icldiers that at a mohient of
leisure I make a more detailed report..
Very respectfully, I have the honor to be, your obedient
servant. VW. J. WORTH,
Colonel Commantding.
T1 ADJUTANT GENERAL U. S. Army,
Headquarters, Washington.
HEADQUARTERS, ARMY OF FLORIDA,
CAMP WANDLL, WARM SPRiNO,
: APRIL 25,1842.
Sin: I have the honor, in further detail, to report that, in
obedience to instructions of the 28th ultimo, ot I he morning
ufjthe 13th instant, eash detachment was at its appointed
statiQOn with admirable precision. All the points on which
this movement was directed were most thoroughly examined,
without discovering any thing exhibiting the recent presence
of Indians. The boat detachment under Major BELKNAP,
composed of J and K companies (Montgomery's and Gates' s)
of the 8Lh, much reduced in numbers, was ordered, after en-
tering and Ihor.ighiv examining Parrasuffkee lake, tode-
scend the Withlacoochee as low as Camp Izard, thence pass
the boats into the waters of Charla-a-popka; detachments of
the 4th, under Captain BUCHANAN and Lieutenant ALVOan,
(companies B and I) to pass around the west side, examin-
ing all the swamps, &c., on the border of the lake; detach-
ments of the 2d, (Casey's, Long's, and Lovel's,) under Ma-
jor PLYMPTON, to do the same on the south side; the remain-
ing force, Graham's and McCall's companies of the 4th, un-
der Lieuteniant Colonel GARLAND, and Ri.eves'srcompariy (B)
of the 8th, to m ve directly on this point, a rendezvous corna-
mon; to all. At the same time, friesadly Indians were sent to
the southeast to' search for signs; they rejoined me in the
evening, reporting a solitary track in the direction of Aha-
popka ; whereupon the detachments were advanced about fif-
teen miles on the evening of the 18th, and, as soon as there
was sufficient light on the morning of the 19th to detect signs,
this track was recovered and pursued through several inferior
hammocks, in each of which pltited fields were discovered,
until it lead to the principal hammock, where the enemy was
found in force, in a well-constructed town. The enemy was
as speedily overcome as the difficulties of the ground permit-
ted the troops to close in upon; him; every trail made in the
flight was taken and pursued until dark, and the whole of the
next day-the detachments marching on each day some
twenty, some thirty miles. On the next morning it was dis.
covered that the general tendency of the trails, although often
doubtling, was in the direction of the great Okeehampkee
swamp, lying about nine miles northeast of this position.
With a view to refresh the troops, but more especially from
information received, by a person coming from the enemy, of
a disposition to submit, the detachments were directed upon
this point, the value of which has been stated.
In respect to the fair, I have already, made brief but suf-
ficient report; that officers and soldiers evinced the highest
spirit and gallantry in'the presence of an enemy is a matter
of course; but all exhibited, under every circumstance of
continued 'aiiue and of privation of food, the higher excel
lence of patient and unrepining endurance.
I am much indebted to the zealous support and exertions of
Lieutenant Colonel GARLAND,, of the 4th, MNI jior PLYMPTON,
of the 2d, Major BELKNAP, of the 8th, and Captain KcR, of
the 2d dragoons; the two first and the last gave a fine exam-
ple in presence of the enemy; the third, as before stated, had
been detached in a different direction.
On this AS On all other occasions I have received the zealous
and intelligent support of Major COOPER, Assistant Adjutant
General, and Lieutenant SPRAOUE, Aide de Camp to the
command.
I submit herewith a list of killed and wounded, and, in
connexion, would add that Assistant Surgeon Simmons, pre-
sent with the troops, has evinced high and intelligent activity
in the field, and given prompt professional attendance to those
needing his assistance.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant.
W. J. WORTH.
The ADJUTANT GENERAL U. S. Army,
Headquarters, Washington.

List of killed and wounded in the aofairofthe 19th insl. with
the hostile Iadians, in the Big Hammock* of Palaklakaha.
Killed.-Private Augustus R. Wandell, Company K, 2d
Dragoons.
Wounded.-Sergeant Theodore Bingham, K Company,
2d dragoons, severely, in the breast and right arm ; Private
Tbh-mas J R,,berts, K Company, 21 dragoons, severely, in the
leit aim; P,,ale John Hitchcock, K Company, d dragoons,
slightIlv; Ptuivate Jice, E Company, 2d infantry, se
Ierhly, in Ibhe left Aide.
S. COOPER,
SAssistant Adjutant General.
Headquarters, Army of Florida,
Camp Palaklakaha, April 25, 1842.
The largest of a succession of dense hammocks.

EXTREME SUFFERING.-The Gloucester Telegraph gives
an account of the sickness of Mr. Paul Conck, a preacher of
Nesbury port, who died in March last, He had been afflict-
ed with a severe chronic rheumatism for thirty-eight years,
and totally unable to help himself, and was obliged to use
anodynes in large quantities to procure the least relief from
his torture. In some instances he used six teaspoons full
per day.
In October, 1812, he took to his chamber, 15 feet square,
of which he has not, in a solitary instance, crossed the thresh-
old till carried to his long home. At the time of his decease,
it was the 30 h year of his close confinement; and since
1822 he has been totally blind.

The barque Dragon, from the Indian Ocean via Bahia,
arrived at New Bedford, on Friday, full of oil. In the Gulf
Stream they killed two or three sperm whales, and came into
port with aJl their fires in full, blast, trying out the oil, which
presented quite a novel spectacle.
A few n;gt.ls since the valuable flock of South Down sheep
be)oniii]g c, P. W hillesfy, E-q of Nebvburh, OCaio, were
attacked by two dogs, nod twetily-five old sheepand seventeen
lambs killed. The absep were very choice, and were worth
some E"').
The Grand Jury of Alleghany county, in Pennsylvania,
(says the Eastoen W hia,) have presented to the Court the si'ub
ject of drunkenness, and suggested that intoxication should
be made a criminal act by the laws of the State.
There were 770 petitions presented in the British House
of Commonseon ene day, praying for the repeal of the Corn
Laws, and not a single one in their favor. One of the peti-
tions had 68,000 signatures, and several of them 15,000 and
upwards.
We observe by a Western paper that a number of barrels
of corn oil have been sent on Irom Ohio torNew York. It is
said to be an excellent commoi.jy, burning as brilliontly as
the purest sperm, without emitting any of t he rffenstne odor
of ordinary oiL+
Between two and three hundred spoirlamen turned out on
the- 16h ult. at New Philadelphia, Ohi., for the purpose of
,having a wolf hunt. They captured nine wolves and one or
'two foxes, besides bagging lots of small game.


DEATH.
In Bo -on,nn the 8th ultimo, Mirs. EMILI W. PHIL-
LI PS, wirfe ot GEoRot WILLIAM PtHILLIS, Esq. of that city,
and daughter of the late GEORGE BLAGDEN, Esq. of this
place.
Tj- ADJOUiRNED MEETING.-Themeeting of
pi.ipriet'r. and ril.jnias in thal part of the city lying nuih 'fthe
canalo snd west ot 4 j tree, which was held at the ich.,ul h..uase,
i -rric, (,f Moryland averiie an.J 12th strent, on last Saur.ljy eve-
1111g, for the purpose of considering the ezpe.dien-v nf au aler-
atiop ina the Wards of the city, and the prr-visionas of the essiting
Charter, was postponed, by the unanimous desire of those pres-
ent, until Monday evening, the 9th instant, at 7 o'clock.
may 9-I1t'
M MECHANICAL R IPLEMEN.-A stated meet-
ingol ite Mechanical Risemen will be held ,t1 their Armory, on
this t M.:ri, dai vreniOng, at hitlrpast 7 o'clock.
may 9 THOMA.S RICH, Seeretary.
S Nt)TICE.-The citzenp ef ihe Pirst Ward are r.aric-
ularly requestetd to meet on Monday estoing, the 9th instant, at
8 o'clockt, in abe room over the West Market, as business of
condtcraJia llnierlet ill be .Iffered 'ur ihr eon r ,nideranion By
the re-.iest of many ,,la9hsa of the Waid. maIy --2t
Natltoual Inilltutli tor the Promntlou ol Sel-
eUic.-A stated meeting will be held at the Hall of the Institu-
tionii ,ti sieuring, at o'clock. R. BABRY,
cay 9 Recording Secretary.


AN APPEAL
An eerliest appeal is made to the best feelings of our na-
ture. Several hundred colored persons, of the very best des-
cription, hayve beeb emancipated on rendition that the Colo-
nization Society will send them to Liberia. They are on their
way to Norfolk. They must be senkoff immediately, or re-
turn Ito bondage. The Society is without funds. What shall
be dAnel "Have the people of this community no human
sympathies; no holy feelings, responsive* to these wthich
glowed in the bosoms of those generous and noble masters
who (some still living and some dead) have made s gieat a
sacrifice of fortune on the altar of virtuous liberty It can-
not be. The hearts of freemen-the hearts of all lovers of
freedom, must beat in misonm Coms, then; haien to the
rescue. Upre is common ground on: which all may stand in
friendship. Even the abolitionist may, without Inconsilstency,
here stand beside his antagonist, in perfect friendship. Monty
must be had, or those hundreds now or, the verge of freedom,
and elated wirh hope, must return to hopeless bondage.
Relyirg on the humane and generous feelings of the public,
the Society have engaged a ship fior the iransportattin of these
people. Have they misplaced their confidence 1 Must all
thu.e fondly cherished hopes be blighted 1 0, no; it must not
be. Come, thento the rescue.
Nor is this all. The Colony niust besuetaihned by the arm
of this people. We have a growing commerce with Afdica,
which bids fair to be extremely profitable. It can only bese-
cured by protection of those colonies planted by us. But,
units they receive a better support and protection than has
yet bfen afforded, they will throw themselves into the arms
of asme other nation, and all those commercial advantages,
now so easily secured, will be lost to us forever. Must this
beal We would hope otherwise. But, without the prompt
and energetic action of this whole community, such, there is
too much reason to fear, must be the result. Come nobly
forward, then, and help a noble cause. P.

MR. G. KNOUP
(With the assistance of Ma.la,ae DE GONI)'
WIL GIVE A GRAND VOCAL AND tN-
STRUMENTAL CONCERT at the APOLLO
HALL this evening, (Monday,) May 9.
PROGRAMME.
S PART 1.
1. Capriccie, on Swedish National Airs, for Violoncello, intro-
ducing imitations of the Bagpipe-Mr. Knopp. Romberg.
2. S.)io .,r Gu.sr--MJ.J. De Goni. Mad d4e Goni
3. Grand Duo, for Guitar and Violoncello-Mad. De Goni and
Mr Knoop.
4. Adagio and Variations, on a Hungarian National Air, for
Violoncello. Knoop.
PART It.
1. Grand Variatian, for Violoncello-Mr. Knoop. Knoop.
2. Solo, for Guitar, Spanish Song-Mad. de Goni.
Madde Goni.
3. Grand Duo, for Guitar and Violoncello-Mad. de Goni and
Mr. Knoop.
4. Preciosa, Pot-Pourri, for Violoncello-Mr. Knqop.
Summer.
Tickets $1, to be had at the Book Stores, at the Music Stores,
and a' ,h.' dlr ,f the. Hail .or the evening of the Concert.
C.'n.-ert c im,.rnce hr i. jif 7 o'clock. may 9
MR. JXRAHAM has the honor to announce to the citizens
of Washington that he will give his second Concert, at
the Washington Assemibly Rooms, on Monday evening, May 9,
to commence at 8 o'clock, to be assisted by Mr. Charles Brahanm.
On which occasion thie following song will be sung:
King Alfred in the Neatherd's Cot
My Boyhood's Home
All the Blue Bonnets
Haydn's Caizonet
Duet-Gallop on gaily
John Anderseon, my Jo
The Anchor's weighed
Stand to your Guns my hearts of oak
Sally in our a'ey
There's charm in Spring.
Duet-Rest, weary Traveller; and
The Bay of Biscay.
Tickets 81 ; children half price. To be had at Fisehei's Sta-
tioners' Hall; Taylor's Bookstore; Gadsby'e bar; and at the
door of the Assembly Rooms. may 9
j' If the weather is very stormy the Concert will be postponed
until Wednesday next.
AMRICAN AND GERMAN PIANO ORTES.
T. J. PALMER, Ninth street, fourth door from Pennsyl-
vania avenue, has just received a very superior specimen piano
forte, fror udar,'-n, tri.m the factory ofF. C. Reichenbachi Phi-
ladelp,, wtt,,.1, i, odIor,, to the Public at the very low price of
$275.
Also, a fine-toned Rosencrantz, Dresden, rosewoodat 0350.
Do do I do mahogany 8325.
A beautiful zebra wood piano at $225.
SPiano Stools to match.
SA constant supply of new and fashionable muSic, amongst
which are the most recent productions of J. H. Hewitt, H. Rus-
sell, and other popular ballad co mpeosers.
An asoI tment of Flutes, Clari6iets, Flageolets, and Picolos
Warranted Violin and Guttar Strings*
Lbr Gilt frames made to order. may 9-eo3tif
LAY FLO % RSS.-The 171h volume of the LADIES'
SCOMP')NION commences well. With May the reading
matter is increased to seventy'pages, and series of Mezzotinto
Engravings commenced, which are to be continued monthly ; the
one in the present number, Deer Stalking," is prettyeand well
executed. There is, besides, a steel engraving of The Young
Musician," representing a little miss (certainly not in her
teens") tiptoeing to a piano, wonderfully pleased with her per-
formance, of which her deserted doll is the only witness. Now
is a -i'.d 'in., subscribe for the Companion.
GRAHAM 3 MAGAZINE has the usual display of beautiful
Engravings, Fashions, &c. "The Bride" ald a view of" Centre
Harbor," a sheet of water in Now Hampshire, embellish the book.
The CHRISTIAN FAMILY MAGAZINE for May is out. It
needs only a slight notice, as the wsrk is already well and favor-
ably known to the Public. The Engraving in this number is r
Portrait of Robert Baird, the Painting a representation of the Rose.
The editor commences an interesting article, which is lto be con-
tinued. The above works may be ordered of T. R. HAMPTON,
Agent. may 9
W AS SENT to the subscriber's stable, by Mr. Washing-
ton Berry, as trespassing on his farm, a black Horse
about 14j hands high, and about 14 or 15 years aiold. The owner
or owners are requested to come forward and prove property, pay
charges, and take him away.
may 9-t3tF F. GOLDING, 8th street.
'HEW SPRING GOODS.-Just added to our stock a
1I great many very desirable Goods, consisting in part of the
following, viz:
40 pieces handsome Printed Lawns
20 do Mourning do do
30 do Prench Mourning Ginghliama
16 do plain Chambrays
20 do Checked French Ginghams
20 do Furniture Dimity
100 dozen Cotton Hosiery, assorted
60 do Silk do do
15 pieces small-figured Prench Chintz
10 do fine black Mouiselines
10 do fine Bombesina
60 do undressed Irish Linens
20 do "fine Cambric Dimity
1 case fine Jaconet Muslins
50 pieces Lace Cambrics
100 do Checked do assorted
30 dozen fine Hemetitched Linen Handkerchiefs
100 do medium Tape Bordered do
10 p'leces black Matteoni Silks
Rich fignred, plain, and plaid Silks
12 pieces 10 4 Barneley Shestings
15 do 8-4 Damask Table Diapers
1 case handsome Mourning Calicoes, at 12j cts.
25 pieces Earlston Ginghams
20 do fine Gauze Flannels
Green Barege
Cambric and Swiss Edgings and Inserting8
The above, with a great many goods not enumerated, we will
offer at low prices, being an sious to curtail our present large stock.
may 9-2t [Globej BRADLEY & ESTEP.
W ASHINGSTON DENTIST, a few doors west of
Brown'sand Gadsby'a Hotels, Pennsylvania avenue. In
at all hours ef the night, may 9-soolnoif'
S HAKSPEARB, complete in one large dctavo volume,
London edition, 1842, price 83 5O, good paper and elear
type ; a few copies, just imported by F. TAYLOR, are this 4ay
opened. may 9
DRAWN NUMBERS of the VIRGINIA MONONGA.
LIA LOTTERY, drawn May 7, 1842.
24 63 68 56 10 40 1 47 52 46 34 73 23 49


3 prizes of 10,000 dollars--O20 of 2,000 dollars.
THIS DAY
MARYLAND LOTTERY DRAWS.
.3 prizes of $10,000 I 1 prize of $1,189
I do 3.000 20 do 1,000
I do 2,000 120 do 200
&c. &c. Ac. &c.
Tickets $5-Halves $2 50-Quarters $1 25.
ALSO THE
GRAND CONSOLIDATED LOTTERY.
15 drawn numbers out of 75.
1 prize of 815,000 | I prize of 1,800
1 do S,0n0r 1 do 1,500
1 do 2,EO | &e. &c.
Tickets $5-Halves $2 50-Quarterns $1 25.

N0 TUESDAY.,
ALEXANDRIA LOTTERY DRAWS.
I prize of $8,000 1 prize of Stl,214
1 do 3,0001 2 do 0oo
1 do t.5m 2 do 400
1 do -- 2.0u0I &c, &c.
Tickels.$-2-Hafves $t,-4Cuarters 50 cents.
ALSO, THE
LITERATURE LOTTERY DRAWS.
1 prize of 4,000 | 2 przes of 600'
I do 1,852 2 do 31-tO0
2, do& l,0rO I >&o. cc.
Tickets 9I1-Halves 50 cents.
'Porsale by : .
J. G. GREGORY & GO. Managers,
S Neat dour easl or G.,dsby's Hotel,
may 9-It Washiaguton city.


*i~ *::!*'c11ty f Ntw&. .7J,
EXTtNsvITE MAIL ROBBersY--AaaaR T oF THU CRIMINAL -
Circua"Atnct having led lo'the suspicion that a man named
Thomas Bell, formerly driver of the mail wagon between the
Railroad Depot and'our City Post Office, hbad stolen several
of the mail bags,' containing letters unt from Philadelphia
and other places to Washington, the aspcOted mad] robber
was arrested last Saturday at Baltimore by Police Officer
Hays, and examined before Justice Snyder. From the con-
rsi.in of the prisoner it appeared that he was guilty of the
offence imputed to him; he wu therefobret cftlitted by the
magistrate and conveyed to this city yesterday by the earliest
morning train in custody of Mr. Hays. Being again exam-
ined yesterday before Samuel Stettinius, Esq., the prisoner
was fully committed for trial at the next Criminal Court on
his own voluntary cbnfession.
NATIONAL BLtOs.-This handsome company paraded last
Thursday morning and marched through our principal streets
to Camp Hill, near the Glass House, where they pitched
their tents and performed military exercise daring the dayi
In the afternoon they were visited by a large number of thi tir
military friends and felluw-ciizens, who were highly pleased
with their soldier-like appearance and excellent maneuvring.

Mr. B1RAaM.-Thias highly celebrated and veteran vocalist
will repeat his musical entertainment to-night, at toe Wash-
ington Assembly Rooms. We understand that his singing
last Friday evening afforded exquisite enjoyment to a genteel
and fashionable audience, who are anxious, as well a& Inu-
mereus oihsr citizens, to hear the first vocalist of the present
day sing some of his most popular songs, such as the Death
of Nelson, &c.
LATE INCENNIARISM.-It is much to be feared that the spirit
of incendiarism, which has destroyed so much valuable prop-
erty in this city and jeoparded so many lives, is still mischiev-
ously active, notwithstanding the vigilance of ourpolice and
citizens, stimulated by liberal rewards and by the natural and
strong principle of mutual and, self-protection. It does not
appear that any arrests have yet been made of persons who
can be proved to have been the cause of the late diabolical in-
cendiarism tn this city, although two or three very suspicious
characters have been brought before the city magistrates and
committed to prison under the authority of the vagrant act.
Since we noticed the destruction of Mr. COBURN'a grocery
store a few days ago, there have been,' as we learn, two or
three incendiary attempts 'in different parts of the city,
which, however, were happily discovered in time to prevent
any serious consequences. It behooves every good citizen
and property-holder to be upon his guard, and to use due
diligence to ferret out the late offenders. We subjoin the
following list of fires which have occurred ia this city and
Georgetown since the 1st of January, as they have been re-
corded by us in the columns of the National Intelligencer.
It is indeed alarming, although the publication may stimu-
late public vigilance, to state that only two of the whole num-
ber of the conflagrations recorded are considered to have
been purely accidental.
January 1,1842.-A. Foote's stable, between D and E
streets.
S. Drew's two untenanted frame buildings near Maryland
avenue.
January 25.- J. P. Van Ness's old frame building, near
the Medical College.
January 30.-Mrs. Hunt's frame stable, occupied by W.
Thompson, Louisiana avenue, attempted to be set on fire.
February 10.-Brick stable in the rear of the National
Theatre.
March 14.-Bernard Giveny's stable, corner of 7th and G
streets, burnt down and four horses destroyed.
Frame building adjoining the stable also destroyed.
March 15.-James Williams's cabinetmaker's shop, near 41
street.
Mr. Ellsworth's stable also burnt at the same time.
March 17.-Two frame buildings at the Navy yard.
April 1.-Hicks and Newton's cabinetmaker's shop, High
street, Georgetown.
April 16.-W. H. Gunnell's stable, near the Long Bridge.
April 28.-Mrs. Hunt's frame stable, occupied by W.
Thompson, burnt down.
April 29.-Miss Breschard's brick stable, corner of 9th and
E streets.
April 30.-Thomas Smith's coach facory and blacksmith's
shop, in the First Ward, burnt down.
B. Bean's carpenter shop 4| street, and two frame build-
ings adjoining thereto, belonging to Michael McCarty.
Cook's cabinetmaker's shop, near Young's coach factory
attempted to be set on fire.
Joseph Thompson's carpenter shop, corner 9th and E
streets, attempted to be set on fire.
May 4.-John Coburn's grocery store, First Ward, near
the War Department, burnt down.

CENTRE MAanET.-Weo had a good supply of provisions
and vegetables at this market last Saturday, which sold at the
undermentioned prices. Some parcels of fine garden straw-
berries sold at 50 cents per quart; green peas $1 per pcckL*,
good butter was selling at the very high price of 50 cents per
pound.
Beef, 10cts.perpound Chickens 37 to 50 per pair
Corned do 6 do Corn meal, 76 to 80 eta per bus.
Dried do 12 do Rye meal, 75 do
Veal, 6 to 10 do Shorts, 23 to 25 do
Lamb, 37 to 50 per quarter Shipstuff, 56 do
Pork, 8 to 10 per pound Corn, 70 do
Mutton, 6 do Oats, 56 to 60 do
Joles, 6 do Potatoes, 37 to 62 per bushel
Hams, 10 to 12 do Ca(.l..1, o. 6 to 10 each
Middlings, 6 do .jprout,, I6 to25 per peck
Shoulders, 6 do Green Peas, $1 per peck
Sausages, 12 do Strawberries, garden, 50 per qt.
Print Butter, 60 per lb. Apples, 60 cts. per peck
Roll Butter, 25 to 37 do Dried Peaches, 18 per quart
Eggs, 12 per dozen Hay, 81 12 per cwt.
Lard, 12 per pound Straw, 80 do.

HEALTH REPORT.
OFFICE OF THE BOARD OF HEALTH,
Washington, May 6, 1842.
Forty-one deaths have been reported to the Board of Health for
the month ending April 30.
Of these, there were of the age of two years and under, 10;
between two and ten, 9; between ten and thirty, 7 ; between
thirty and fifty, 56; between fifty and eighty, 9; upwards of
eighty, I
Diseases: Measles, 12; Dropsy, 1 ; Inflammation of Kidneys,
1 ; Teething, 2; Water on the brain, 4 ; Decline, 3; Consump-
tion, 4; Cancer, 3; Pleurisy, 1; Rheumatism, l; unknown, 3.;
Intemperance, 1; Asthma, 1; Sore throat 2; ; Fits, 1; Drown-
ed, 1. HARVEY LINDSLY, President.

W ANTEiD, for the Wardroom's mess of the U. S. Steamer
Mississippi, a first-rate Steward and Cook, to each of
whom a pay ef $20 per month will be given. They must bring
good recomm endations, and the cook must be a free colored man.
A .Ity on board, or to any. of the ward-room officers of the vessel,
wiih', it delay. may 9-lw
mHE SUBSCRIBER having purchased from Mr. Wood-
all a sorrel mare called SUSAN, (said to be foaled at
Beverly Heath, Esq.'s, at Richmond, Va. who, I understand, is
since dead,) and also that the said mare was by Old Tismoleon
and dam a Rob Roy, if Mr. Heath's executor, or any friend or rel-
ative, will give any further information on the subjet, it will be
gratefully received and acknowledged by
ALEX. DUVAljL,
West River Post Office, Anne Arundel county, Md.
may 9-eo2w
T HIE UNITARIAN'S APPEAL-TTbh r SRaimons,
illustretive of the claim of Unitarians to the character of
Evangelical Christians, independent of the truth of their pe.' ul'ar
opinions. Preached in the Uuitarian Church, WCiselngbn .,y,
by S. G. Bitlfinch, Pastor of thal Church. Just published and lor
sale at the bookstores of Messrs. TAYLOR, MORR130N, aod
PARNHAM. Bny 9-3t


JAMES PHALEN & CO. Managers.
FOR MONDAY.
POKOMIOKE RIVER LOTTERY, Class No. 51.
I prze ..? f $812,000 10 prizes of 1,000
I do 3,000J 20 do Boo500
I do 2000 3 do 400
I do 1,600 4 do 300
I do l,t00oo 4 do 250
1 do 1,300 5 do 200
I do 1,1701 7 do 160
72 number lottery-12 drawn ballots.
Whole tickets $4-Halves 2--Quarters $1,
Certificate ofa package ofq.iarlers 810
Do do eighlha 6

ON TUESDAY,
GEORGETOWN LOTTERY, CLasa No49.
1 prize oh $9,000 | 10 prizes of 1500
1 do 3,500 i 100 do i0o
1 do 2,088 700 do 60
3 ds 1,000 1 114 do 25
90 No. Lottery-18 drawn ballots.
Whole a3-Halves $1 50-Quarter 75 cie.
Certificate ofa package of qliai ters 09 00
Do do eigbths 4 50

FOR WEDNESDAY.
POKOMOKE RIVER LOTTERY, Class No. 52.
1 prtal of .,0ono [ 20 prizes of $600
1 do 2 2,309 "2 do 100
2 do 1,000 20 do 80
2 do 750 20 do 60
78 number lottery-13 drawn ballots.
WhuleTicketLs 92-Halves SI-Quarters 50 cents.
S Certificate of a package of quarters *s.
Por sale by -'. i .


may 9


RIUHAKRD RANUE,
Managers' Office, corner 6th at. and Peno. av.


. I