WASHINGTON: SATURDAY, MAY 7, 1842.
V ULd* sa '.a--
-... .. __ __ s-1 U. "n Tr ll t lilT '1 i5' rl l P
PUBLISHEII BY GALES & SEATON.
AILY PAPUE-$lO a year--1 a month for any shortertime.
COUNTTaY PApzE-$6 a year-$4 for six months.
PAVASL IN ADVANOCe.
CELEBRATION AT ST. MAR VS.
The Steamer COLIMBIA, having
been engaged by the IPhilodemic
Society of Georgetown" College for
the conveyance of the Society, the
Faculty of the College, and certain invited guests to and from St.
MarT's, will in the afternoon of Monday, the 9th ;nf May, leave
Georgetown at one o'clock and Riley's whaif in Washington at
three o'clock, and return on the following Wednesday.
By the terms of the engagement the ladies' cabin willbe appro-
priated exclusively to the Faculty, and the residue of the boat will
be fiee for the accommodation of the Society and a limited num-
ber of members of Congress and citizens at five dollars each, go-
ing and returning, including meals. Tickets, without which gen
tlemen cannot be admitted, may be obtained 9t the stores of R. S
Patterson and William Fischer. These should be early applied
for, that adequate supplies may be provided.
W. GUNTON, President.
In coapsquente of the above engagement, the departure of the
Columbia for Bali,.ore will necessarily have to be changed from
We.lneaday. the 11 th, to Thursday, the 12th of May, at the usual
hour in the mornng. ap 29-eotd
TO THE VIRGINIA SPRINGS, LYNCHBURG, RICH-
MOND, WASHINGTON CITY, AND BALTIMORE.
T HE subscriber, having the maagenent of the line of Stages
from Guyandotte to Lewisburg, respectfully informs the
Public that Stages leave Guyandotte PAILY. The line has been
supplied with splendid new Troy Coaches, new stock, Ac. which
render it inferior to none. Itconnrcts at Lewisburg and the White
Sulphur Springs with the following lines, viz. Boyd's line to
Richmond by way of White Sulphur, Dibrell Springs, and Natu-
ral Bridge to Lynchburg; thence to Richmond in a line of Iron
Canal Packet Boats. Also at Lewisburg, Boyd's line to Staunton,
by way of White Sulphur, Hot and Warm Springs, where it con-
nects with Danner & Harman's line over beautiful Macadamized
rood to Winchester; thence to Baltimore by Railroad. Also at
Staunton, with W. P. Pariah & Co.'s line, by way of Charlottes-
ville and Louisa Railroad to Richmond and Washington'tity. Also
at Lewisburg with Patterson's line, by way of White Sulphur,
Sweet Springs, and Fincastle to Lynchburg, then connecting with
the above-mnentioned boats. Also at the White Sulphur, three
months during the summer, it connects with Walker & Opon-
chain's line, running by way of the Red and SaltSulphur Springs,
into North Carolina.
EXTRAS will be furnished at Guyandotte and the Springs, on
application to the agents at those places. Every attention will be
paid to give satisfaction to all. Travelling agents are employed,
whose duty it is to pass along the route constantly to superintend
In many respects this route abounds in unrivalled attractions.
Far a distance of more than one hundred miles it passes through
the highlands ol Virginia, which are unsurpassed in the beauty
and grandeur of their scenery. The New Rilr Cliffs, the Natu-
ral Bridge, and the view from the summit of the Warm Spring
Mountain, are some of the prominent objects that meet the gaze
of te delighted traveller, while minor objects, but nevertheless
attractive, otcur in almost every mile of the distance. A most
beautiful and invigorating mountain air improves the health and
enhances every enjoyment to the traveller.
Such changes have been made in the accommodations along the
road as will, it is believed, give mutual satisfaction.
nay 3-3m Guyandotte.
SsRAVELLERS from Baltimore to Pittsburg, Ac. by the
T Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, &c. take notice, that the
Franklin Railroad Cars leave Hagerstown at 5 o'clock A. M.
Morning, and arrive in Chambersburg in time to take the
a ee which leaves at 7 A. M., and arrives in Pitteburg on the
* evening of the next day, being but One Night out! And en
j[ ing .c..--t msoduli..n e equal, at casal, to those on any other route.
op.__i_-. _N_ D. 0. GEHR, Agent.
GREAT SOUTHERN UNITED STATES MAIL LINE.
Daily to the South.
T HE CARS for Fredericksburg, Richmond, Petersburg,
Raleigh, Weldon, Wilmington, and Charleston leave the
Depot, Pratt street, Baltimore, daily at 4 o'clock in the afternoon.
Passengers by this line sup at the hotels in Washington, where
an omnibus will call and convey them to the boat free of charge,
,where they will lodge.
Passengers for the South will find this the most comfortable
and cheapest route. It is often twenty-four hours in advance of
any other line, and is the only daily line.
For further information and tickets to Weldon, apply at the
office of STOCKTON & FALLS,
Adjoining the Philadelphia Railroad Office,
Pratt street, Baltimore.
PFor information at Washington apply to the Captain on board
theboat at Bradley's wharf. ian 31-dly
FOR NORFOLK.-Tlshe steam-
Ber BOSTON, Capt. James Holmes,
S -will run regularly between Wash-
ington and Norfolk twice a week,
commencing on Sunday nex', the 10th of April, leaving Wash-
ington every Thursday and Sunday mornings at 9 o clock, and
Norfolk on the evenings of Tuesday and Friday at S o'clock, call-
ing at Old Point Comfort and Portsmouth to land and take up pas-
sengers, as well as the different landing places on the Potomae.
Passage and fare to Norfolk, $8
Freight taken at moderate rates.
ap 8-t6m JAMES HOLMES. Master.
WASHINGTON AND ALEXANDRIA BOAT.
Passage 121 cents in specie, or 25 cents in paper.
lTrips of the steamboat JOSEPH
A JOIINSON during the week ter-
minating on Sunday evening next,
May 8, viz.
Leave Alexandria- Leave Washington-
At 8 and 10 A. M. At 9 and 11 A M.
And 3 and 5 P.M. And at 4 and 6 P. M.
As there will be but one boat on the route on Sunday next, she
will on that day make an additional afternoon trip, viz. Leave
Alexandria at I, and Washington at 2 o'clock.
She will also make a daily trip (Sunday excepted) between
Alexandria and Georgetown, leaving Alexandria at 12 o'clock M.
and Georgetown returning at 1 o'clock P. M.
Passage 25 cents in specie.
may 2-6t IGNATIUS ALLEN, Captain.
[ ETTEY CAP PAPER, &C.-The subscriber, having
Bought a large lot of Owen & Hurlbut's, Jesup's, Stur-
gis's, Platner & Saith's, Butler's, and Soithworth's papers for
cash, and at reduced prices, is enabled to sell them much lower
than they have ever been offeredin thiscity. They are warranted
the best in the market. Those, therefore, in the public offices
who are authoized to purchase will find it in the way of" eco-
nomy" to examine the above papers.
Also, stationery of every kind much lower than usual.
ap 25 cornerof 11th street and Penn. avenue.
ATALOGUE OF 300,000 VOLUMES.-The
Catalogue of Books, in ote volume of the extraordinary bulk
of 2,100 pages, recently published by Henry G. Bohn, Nos. 4 and
5 York street, Covent Garden, London, exhibits a stock of inure
than 300,000 volumes, in every department of literature, and in
most languages, with the prices annexed, and numerous bibliogra-
phical notices. It has been presented to various public libraries
*in the United States, where it may be referred to.
Orders for Books, and communications for Henry G. Bohn, may
,be addressed to him as above, and sent direct to London, or to the
'care of Messrs. Goodhue & Co. New York, and to whom also re-
anittances may be made for his count. feb 9-d4mc4m
HUIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber has
A obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington county,
in the District of Columbia, letters of administration on the per-
sanal estate ef James H. Taylor, late of the U. S. army, deceas-
ed. All persons having claims against the deceased are hereby
warned to exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof, to the sitA-
scriber, on or before the 29th day of April next; they may other-
wise by law be excluded from all benefit of said estate. Given
under my hand this 29th day of April, 1842.
FRANCIS A. DICKENS,
may 2-w3w Administrator.
TAUB'S COMPOUND CATHOLICON, forremov-
log bile and all obstructions of the bowels, &e. will be found
an excellent medicine in Coughs, Colds, Colic, Rheumatisms,
Chills and Fevers, Consumption, Dyspepsia, Sick Headach, and
Weak Breast, Ac. It is a moat speedy and effectual purifier of
the blood, and strengthener of weak and debilitated constitittions,
occasioned by the excessive use of mercury.
The subscriber has been made the agent for the sale of the
above medicine in this city. T. WATKINS,
may 2-d3tw3w corner 4t street and Penn. av.
-T HIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
has obtained from* the Orphans' Court of Washington
county, in the District of Columbia, letters of administration
on the personal estate of William M. Butler, late of Washington
county, deceased. All persons having claims against the de-
ceased are hereby Vwarned to exhibit the same, w-th the vouch-
era thereof, to the subscriber, on or before the 27th day of April
next ; they may otherwise by law be excluded from all ben-
efit of said estate.
Given under my hand this 27th day of April, 1842.
ap 29-wOw Administratrix,
L UMBER FROM ALLEGHANY, CHEAP.-
The subscriber has received a quantity of white and yel-
low Pine Boards, good quality, 4-4, 5-4,6-4, 8 4,10-4, which,with
his other lumber, consisting ofall kinds suitable for building, well
seasoned, will be sold very low for cash, or en credit to respon-
sible persons, where the amount is fifty dollars or over and notes
Also, FOR RENT, a new brick house, on Four-and-a-hialf
street, near the avenue. Inquire at the Lumber Yard, 12th street,
near the canal.
may 6-7t ULYSSES WARD.
P UBLIC BATHS forthe summer season commence
the 5th of May and end on the 30th September. The baths
are open every day. Price 371 cents per bath.
may 6-3t P. AIKEN.
N OTICE.-Being desirous of closing my affairs, I hereby
S notify all persons having any claim against me whatsoever
to present the same for payment, and all those indebted to me in
any manner or form are earnestly requested to close the same on
or before the first day of August next, otherwise I shall proceed
to collect the same as the law provides.
may 6-3t JOHN PALMER.
TO RENT.-A new two-story frame dwelling
l house, nine rooms in it including the basement story, si-
iU tuated on L street, next door to the corner of 3d street
south,directly south of Mr. Daniel Carroll's, east of the canal.
Persons wishing to examine the house can get the key at Mr.
Thomas Van Reawick's, next door; and for further particulars in-
quire of JAMES RHODES,
may 6-3t Near the Navy Yard Gate.
r 'j HE USEFUL ARTS, considered in connexion with
S the applications of science, with numerions engravings, by
Professor Bigelow, of Harvard University, author of Bigelow s
Technology. Just received for sale by
april ifLF. TAYLOR.
N AVAL AND MILITARY SCIENCE.-Just im-
- ported from London by P. TAYLOR, abd this day opened,
Selections from the Despatches and GeneralOrders of Field Mar-
shal the Duke of Wellingtan, by Lieutenant Colonel Garwood,
complete in 1 vol. octavo, 1841; New Annual Army List for 1842,
by Lieutenant H. G. Hart, 49th Regiment, I vol. octavo, 1842;
The Quarterly Army List, published at the "Horse Guards," for
April, 4842; Wilkinson's Engines of War, I vol. octavo, 1841 ;
Rules for the Practical Operations of a Siege, by Col. Pesley,
Royal Engineer, I volume, 1841; Code of Signals for the use of
the Mercantile Navy, bykieutenuant Walker, Royal Navy, 2 vols.
1842; Plans for the Formation of Harbors of Retuge and the Im-
provement of Rivers and Seaports, 1 quarto volume, with plates,
charts, Ac., by Captain J. N. Taylor, Royal Navy; British Nau-
tical Almanac for 1845, and same for 1844 and 1843; Tables for
the use of Nautical men, Astronomers, Ac., supplemental to the
Nautical Almanac, by Olinthus Gregory, 1842; Treatise on the
improvement of rivers, bars, &Ac., by W. E. Brooks, of the Civil
Engineers, I volume, 1841 ; The Royal Naval Service of Eng-
land, by Lieutenant Miles, Royal Navy, I volume, many engrav-
ings; Practical Treatise on the defence ef outposts, by Captain
Jebb, Royal Engineers; Practical Treatise on the attack of mili-
tary posts, villages, entrenchments, &c. by the same author; Tri-
gonometry, topography, and military reconnaissance, by Lieuten-
ant Promse, Royal Engineers ; British Navel Biography, 1 vol.;
British Military Biography, 1 volume; Maxwell's Life of Field
Marshal His Grace the Duke of Wellington, 3 vols. octavo, filled
with engravings, maps, plans, portraits, &c.; Naval History of
Great Britain, by Captain Brenton, Royal Navy, 2 volumes, with
numerous plans, portraits, &c. ; Memoirs of Admiral Sir Sidney
Smith, 2 vols. octavo; Macaulay on Field Fortification; Hosti's
Naval Evolutions; Simmons on Heavy Ordnance ; Sir John Ross
on Steam Navigation; Clerk's Naval Tactics, notes by Lord Rod-
ney; Magrath a Art of War; Marshall on Soldiers; Mitchell's
Tactics; Braddockon Gunpowder; Robson's Marine Surveying;
Mackenzie's Marine Surveying ; Belcher's Marine Surveying;
Robbins's Gunnery; Sir Howard Douglass's Naval Gunnery;
Griffith's Artillerista' Manual; Major Jackson's Military Survey-
ing; Lieutenant Colonel Humphreys on Modern Fortification;
Lieutenant Colonel Leach on the Duties of Troops; and many
others too numerous for an advertisement. may 6
3B HE FAME AND GLORY OF ENGLAND
SVINDICATED, being an answer to "The Glory and
Shame of England."
"Some books are his frae end to end."-BuNse.
Tecumseh, or the West thirty years since; a poem by George
H. Colton, 1 volume. Just published and this day received for
may 6 F. TAYLOR.
EW ALBUMS, &c.-W. FISCHER, importer, has
L just received by the ship Switzerland a large assortment
of beautiful embossed Albums, Scrap Books, Manuscript Books,
solid sketch Books, and Conversation Cards on fate, futurity, on
the year, flowers, poetry, and astronomy; Paley'a Theology, His-
torical Pope Joan, and Philosophical Enigmas ; all of which will
1 FISCHER has just received from the publishers 3,000 Ele-
mentary and the National Writing Book, comprising a series of
seven numbers, with copies adapted to the wants of the various
classes in schools and academies, by David P. Page, Pruncipal of
the English High School, Newburyport, and Charles Northend,
Principal of the Aborn street Grammar School, Salem.
Teachers and parents are requested to call and examine these
books (being the very best extant) at Stationers' Hall, where every
article of superior quality is constantly kept for wholesale or re-
tail. may 2-2aw3w
IGHT OF SEARCH.-An Inquiry into the validity
the British claim to a right of visitation and search of Ame-
rican vessels suspected to be engaged in the African slave trade;
by Henry Wheaton, L.L. D. Just published, and for sale at
april 22 MORRISON'S Bookstore.
In the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia for
the county of Washington, sitting In Chancery.-
March Term, 1842.
Win. B. Randolph and Matthew St. Clair Clarke, surviving
trustees of Elias B. Caldwell, deceased,
Agnes Wilson, John Wilson, and Johnson Wiison, et al.
PON the report of the Trustee this day filed it is, this
S 30th of April, 1842, ordered that the sale made and report-
ed by Henry May, heretofore appointed Trustee for the sale of
the property in the proceedings of this cause mentioned, being
parts of a tract of land called Long Meadows," be ratified and
confirmed, unless cause to the contrary be shown on or before
the 28th day of May next, provided a copy of this order be in-
serted in the National Intelligencer, published in the city of
Washington, at least once a week for three successive weeks be-
fore the said 28th day of May next. The report states the amount
of sales to be $2,800. By crder of the Court.
may 2-w3w True copy. Test. WM. BRENT. Clerk.
H(RNIX HOTEL, (formerly Postlethwaite's)
SCorner of Main and Mulberry Streets, Lexington, Kentucky.
JOHN BRENNAN, proprietor of the above establishment, very
respectfully announces to its old customers, his friends, and the
public generally, that his lhause has just undergone a thorough
repair, and been almost entirely refitted and refurnished. He is
prepared, as he confidently trusts, to extend to the travelling
public, transient visitors and boarders, accommodations unsur-
passed by those of any establishment in the West. His house
being under the management of John H. Penny, so long known
as connected with the establishment in that capacity, he is en-
tirely confident thatevery attention will be pail to the comfort of
persons visiting his house which vigilance and fidelity can bestow.
fl The stables are under the management of G. Druimmond
Hunt, where carriages, buggies, and horses, are always ready for
those who may wish them.
He pledges himself to spare neither trouble nor expense in giv-
ing satisfaction to his guests, being determined to merit a share of
the public patronage.
LY The stages regularly arrive at and depart from hie house.
N. B. His charges have been reduced to correspond with the
present state of the times, and will be found to be as low as those
of any respectable hotel in the country. J. B.
may 2- Lexington, Ky.
j) UDLET HOUSE.-The undersigned, proprietors of
the Dudley house, take this opportunity of acknowledging
their obligations to their friends for the patronage bestowed upon
their house, and feel pleasure in saying that they have reduced
their charges so as to correspond with the times. Their friends
may rely opun their charges being as low as in justice could be
asked. Their establishment shall be comfortable in every re-
spect, and every attention paid to their guests.
f A general stage office is kept at the house, where seats
may be secured far any palt of the country.
may 2-- J. & W. ASHTON, Lesiington, Ky.
T IS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriberhas
obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington county, in
the District of Columbia, letters of administration, with the will
annexed, on the personal estate of Robert Dyce, late of Wash-
ington county, deceased. All persons having claims against the
said deceased are hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the
vouchers thereof, to the subscriber, on or before the 28th day of
April next; they may otherwise by law be excluded from all
benefit of said estate.
Given under my hand this 28th day of April, 1842.
JAMES G. FERRET,
may 2-w3w Administrator, will annexed.
WAN TED-A situation as teacher, by a young gentleman
who is capable of teaching the English language tho-
roughly. He can also teach the Latin, and the rudiments of the
Greek and French languages. The best references and recom-
mendations given as regards character and capability. Address
A. B. C Ciarkaburg, Maryland. He would engage in any other
Also, by a sober and industrious young man, a situation of al-
most any kind. Address as above, ap 29-eolw
JOHN DOUGLAS, Florist and Seedsman, corner af
15th and G streets, opposite the State Department, would
respectfully call the attention of gardeners and others to his very
extensive collection of vegetable and flower seeds, which he war-
rants to be fresh and true to name and description. A liberal dis-
count to those who buy large quantities fur their own use or to sell
Also 200 half boxes of glass, 9 by 11, first quality Washington
city manufacture, which will be sold low to suit the times if appli-
cation be made early at his Green House.
The Public are invited to call at his Green House and enjoy a
fine display of flowers now in bloom.
J. D. will tha last of May close his Green House and seed store,
as usual, for the summer season,and remove to the country. Per-
sons who may. want any thing in his line of business will do well
to call before the close, as the prices are moderate and bargains
may by had ap 29-.eo2w
REOzaSTE'S OFFICE, WASHINGTON, MARCH 17, 1842.
CARTS, WAGONS, AND DRAYS.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that all, licences
issued for carts, wagons, and drays, will expire by law on
Monday, the 4th day of April next, and must be renewed at this
office. C. H. WILTBERGER,
The following law is also published for the information of those
"Beit enacted by the Board ofAlderman and Board of Com-
mon Council of the city of Washington, Thaf each and all
of the provisions of the act entitled An act for licensing carts,
wagons, and drays, and for repealing all former acts relating
thereto,' approved August the nineteenth, eighteen hundred and
twenty-eight, shall, from the first day of April next, be so con-
strued as to apply to all owners of carts, wagons, or drays, who
use or employ the same in their respective business or pursuits.
And the said act shall also apply to all owners of carryalls,or bag-
gage-wagons, or carts, which may be hereafter employed gene-
rally in the transportation of baggage to or from any railroad depot,
whaif, or other place at which passengers may arrive, to any ho-
tel or other place within the city. And it is hereby made the
duty of all such owners of carts, Ac. as aforesaid, to take out and
keep a license for each cart, wagon, or dray, carryall, taggage-
wagon, or cart, so owned and employed by them, notwithstanding
such carts, &c. may not be used directly for hire or gain."
C. H. WILTBERGER,
Approved, Sept. 9, 1841. Register.
U. S. STSAM SHIP MIssISSIPPI, MAY 1, 1842.
ORTY DOLLARS REWARD isofferedfor the ap
S prehension of four seamen, deserters from the U.S. Steam-
ship Mississippi, or SO10 for either of them. Names, JAMES
KURLE, THEODORE JONES, GEORGE BROWN, and
Kurle is about 5 feet 11 inches high, light hair, and large blue
eyes; has a sailor's appearance.
Jones, 5 feet 8 or 9 inches high, black hair and eyes; fat, and
has a lazy look.
Brown, light curly hair, light blue eyes; speaks broken English,
Gaudy, 5 feet 10 inches high, light hair, blue eyes, freckled
face. may 2-eolw
N OTICE.-The undersigned has lofrt ormislaid (probably
taken from his desk at the Capitol and mixed with the
waste paper) a letter addressed to him, and which contained a
draft for 200 dollars, drawn by John Richardson upon Middleton
& Beall, of this city, made payable to D. W. Barton, or order, and
by him made payable to the undersigned, and accepted by the
said firm, with promise to pay the 2d day of May.
As notice was given to the payers of the draftsome three weeks
ago, and the letter, if found, can be of no use to any one save to
the undersigned, a suitable reward will be given if restored. All
persons are cautioned against receiving or trading -for said draft,
as the firm of Middleton & Beall are cautioned against paying it
to any one but the subscriber.
may 2-dtf R. W. BARTON.
F INE CATTLE.-For sale, an animal of prime age andof
F genuine Durham blood, frem the bestof the late Gov. Kent's
stock, as indicated by form. color, and action. Also, several other
animals, male and female, of excellent quality, but of crossed
breed, raised for improvement, and to be sold on account of too
great an accumulation in .number for the place.
Until the sale of said Durham is made cows will be received on
pasturage, for d short period, at $5 each.
Application to be made at the Spring Tavern, about a mile and
a half from the Capitol, on the road to Bladenaburg.
LEXANDRIA AGRICULTURAL WARE-
A HOUSE.-The subscribers have just received the fol-
lowing implements, which, added to their former stock, renders
the assortment complete, to which they invite the attention of the
Ploughs, of every variety and description
Cultivators, constructed for 1, 2, and 3 horses
Harrows, various sizes
Scythes and Grain Cradles
Scythe Snaiths, Rifles and Stones
Rakes for hay, grain, and gardening
Wheat Fans, various sizes
Corn Shellers, Huskers and Shellers
Corn Sheller and Grinder, combined
Corn and Cob Crusher, Baldwin's"
Straw Cutters, various sizes and descriptions
Hay and Manure Forks
Hoes, of every size and variety
Hay Knives, best English"
Axes, best cast steel, all sizes
Bramble Scythes and Bill Hooks
Ox-yokes and Bows.
Gardening implements, among which are-
Reels and Lines
Spades, Shovels, Rakes
Hoes, Hooks, Shears
Grass Border, Knives
Tree Scrapers, &c. &c.
Most of the above articles have beep selected from the best
manufactories with care, and are confidently recommended to be
of superior materials and workmanship.
WM. STABLER & CO.,
ap 12- Alexandria.
EREIMPTORY SALE.-In pursuance of adecreeof
S Baltimore County Court, sitting in Equity, the undersigned
will sell by auction, at the Exchange, in the city of Baltimore, on
THURSDAY, 19th May, at 1 o'clock P. M. that beautiful estate
called BOLTON, lying within the limits of the city of Baltimore,
and adjoining the Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad Depot.
This property contains 25 acres, I rood, 25 perches of land, in
the mostimproving part of the city, and is within a few hundred
yards of the Washington Monument.
The improvements are of the most substantial and magnificent
character-a fine large DWELLING-HOUSE, in excellent order,
with every comfort and convenience for a man of wealth.
This property was the residence of the late George Winches-
ter, Esq. and is among the most desirable residences in the United
Terms of sale, as prescribed by the decree, are: One-fourth
cash, and the residue in 6, 12, 18, and 24 months, with interest,
for approved endorsed notes. JOHN GLENN,
ap 22-2aw2wdlw Trustee.
OOK OF THE POETS.-One octavo vol. London,
1842, filled with beautiful illustrations, and containing some
of the best works of each of the English Poets, from Chaucer to
Beattie, a beautiful volume, forty-five steel engravings. Price
84 75. Just received by
april 13 P. TAYLOR.
ARLYLE'S MISCELLANIES.-Critical, Literary
and Miscellaneous Essays; by Thomas Carlyle, author of
Carlyle's French Revolution, 4 vols. For sale by
ap 16 F. TAYLOR.
N EW MUSIC.-The Evening Gun; Sing away by day and
N- by night; The Grecian Daughter; The Warrior sleeps
on his shield; Angels Whisper ; Oh, I remember well; Go, for-
get me, why should sorrow; I could not say farewell; Oh, take
me back to Switzerland; Oft in the still night; It is the hour;
The Sailor Boy's Grave; When wilt thou meet me; I love but
MARCHiS.-Turkish March; Bodisco's March; Bridal Quick
step ; Old Maid's Quick step ; Polish Rifle Corps March.
WALTZES.-The Jovial Waltz; Cinderella Waltz; Perle
Waltz; Harriet Grand Waltz; Louisville Gallopade ; Hunting
Waltz; Emma Waltz; Oscar Waltz.
DuETTS.-Messenger Bird; Morning Dawn; Baltimore Pa-
rade March; La Nuit; Victoria La; Hummel Waltz, Wash-
ington Promenade Waltz; Cinderella Waltz; March from Nor-
ma ; Ferrari's Grand March, arranged for the harp or piano.
FOR GUiTAn.-Come, play me that simple air again; The
dream is past; Come rest in this bosom; The heart that loves
fondest of any ; They told me not to love himo; Sing away, sing
away; Tell him I love him yet; Take (.are, beware; Slowly
peals the vesper bell; The last farewell; I dream of all
The above New Music is just received and for sale at the Book-
store of R. PARNHAM,
april 16 Penn. avenue, corner of llth street.
riHE LAW OF BANKRUPTCY, price 37j cents,
A with a commentary containing a full explanation of the Law
of Bankruptcy. Prepared for popular and professional use by a
member of the Bar.
Just published and for sale atMORRISON'S Bookstore, four
doors west of Brown's Hotel. mar 25
8"UPERIOR BLACK INK.-W. FISCHER, Importer
and Dealer in Fancy and Staple Stationery, has just received
by the ship St. James a very large supply of Cooper & Phillips's
superior Black Ink, put up in stone bottles of half pints, pints,
and quarts. Suffice it to say, that all the public offices that have
used this ink have discarded all other kinds. For sale wholesale
and retail at Stationers' Hall. jan 19
U ILL PENS.-W. FISCHER, importer, has just receiv-
ed 3,000 Quill Pens, of excellent quality, put up in neat boxes
containing 25 each; for sale only at Stationers' Hall. Price 50
cents. may 2
YING AND CLOTH-DRESSING ESTAB-
LISHMENT.-The undersigned respectfully informs
his friends affd the Public generally of Washingten and its vici-
nity that he still continues to carry on the Silk-dying anl Cloth-
dressing business on Pennsylvania avenue, south side, between
9th and 10th streets; and takes this opportunity of presenting his
thanks to his many customers, and feels assured, from the in-
crease of his business, that he has given general satisfaction.
ap 19-oelm L J. DENHAM.
T ECUMSEH; or the West thirty years ago.-A
poem by George H. Colton, Esq. Just published, and for
sale at Morrison's Bookstore. may 6
B RISTOL BOARDS.-W. FISCHER, importer, has
just received direct from England a large assortment of
superior Bristol Boards, of every size and thickness that is made,
which will be sold to the trade or seminaries on the most reason-
able terms at Stationers' Hall. ap 27
S MITH'S MISCELLANIES, 3 VOLS.-The wri-
tings of the Rev. Sydney Smith, the original projector ofthe
Edinburgh Review. 3 volumes, London. Imported by
ap 16F TAYLOR.
ESSUP & BROTHER'S FOLIO POST.-Just
received from the manufacturers, made expressly to order,
two cases of Jessup's Blue Laid Folio Post, extra superfine, a
verysuperiorarticle. R. FARNHAM,
Paper warehouse, corner of 11th street and
may 6 Pemnosylvania avenue,
POST OFFICE, WASHINGTON CITY,
APRIL 21, 1842.
The Great Eastern and Northern Mail will hereafter be closed
at this office daily at 3 P. M. and 9 P. M. Letters and papers
received by It will be delivered at half-past 7 A. M. and half-past
The Great Southee Mail will be closed daily at 9 P. M.
Letters and papers received by it will be delivered at half-past
The Great Western Mail will be closed daily at 3 P. M. Let-
ters and papers received by it will be delivered at half-past 7
The Post Office will be kept open every day, except Sundays,
from half-past 7 A. M. to 8 P. M. On Sundays as heretofore.
This arrangement will be continued during the Summer, and
until further notice.
ap 22-d2w WM. JONES, Postmaster.
POST OFFICE, WASHIAINGTON CITY, APRIL 25, 1842.
T HE GREAT WESTERN MAIL, advertised on the
21st instant to close at three P. M. will hereafter be closed
at nine P. M.
ap26-dlw WM. JONES, P.M.
C LAURIE, Notary Public and General Agent,
South side of Pennsylvania avenue, between 12th and
C. L. will attend to any business as an agent, conveyancer, or
copyist, which may be entrusted to him. His general knowledge
of the manner of conducting business before the several Public De-
partments, together with his personal experience in some of them,
gives him a facility in his transactions which he hopes will pro-
cure him a portion of the patronage of the public, who will find
their confidence met with promptitude and unwearied attention to
Strangers in the city and those at a distance who have business
with Government, or of a private nature, requiring the services of
an agent, may find it to their advantage to employ him.
The buying, selling, leasing, or renting of District property at-
tended to and prompt returns made.
Notes received for collection or protest.
Copying and ornamental writing of every description executed
with neatness, accuracy, and despatch.
S Hon. Wmin. Allen, Ohio.
Hon. Wmin. Medill,
Hon. L. F. Linn, Missouri.
Hon. A. Sevier, Arkansas.
Houn. W. P. Mangum, North Carolina.
Hon. S. L. Hays, Virginia.
John M. Walker, Illinois.
James N. Barker, )
Rev. Dr. Laurie, Washington.
Win. Derrick, Esq.
All letters must be post paid. ap 13-dim
( GENERAL AGENCY IN WASHINGTON.-
The subscriber has for some time past been engaged in the
transaction of business in the city of Washington, and in the Dis-
trict of Columbia, requiring the services of an agent.
He offers his services to the public generally in that capacity,
and will attend to claims for pensions, whether arising in the Ar-
my or the Navy, claims to land, claims to be adjusted in any of the
public offices or by memorial to Congres, claims arising under
treaties, or claims against societies or individuals, the negotiation
of patents for discoveries or inventions, or any other business to
be transacted in the District of Columbia.
All these will receive his prompt attention.
Samuel Burche, during last summer, declined the agency busi-
ness, and transferred the same to the subscriber. Persons, there-
fore, who are interested, will please address the undersigned .
JOHN COVINGTON BURCHE.
Having obtained other employment I relinquished, in the last
summer, the business of a General Agent at Washington, and
transferred to John Covington Burche all unfinished cases, to be
attended to and concluded by him. Persons interested will there-
fore please communicate with him.
mar Il -tf SAMUEL BURCHE.
A FEMALE TEACHER WANTED.-We are de-
sirous of employing immediately in our families a Lady
competent to teach the various English branches, together with
music on the piano forte. She will be required to teach eight
scholars. Satisfactory testimonials will also be required, and any
communication addressed to either of the subscribers, living
within five miles of Winchester and one of Jordan's White Sul-
phur Spring, Frederick county, Va., will be promptly answered.
P. S.-Direct to Brucetown, Frederick county, Va.
iROY FEMALE SEMINARY.-In this Institution
Sthe school year consists of 44 weeks, divided into two terms
of 22 weeks each; the one commencing the first Wednesday of
March, at the close of which is a vacation of six weeks; the other
commencing the third Wednesday of September, at the close of
which is a vacation of two weeks.
The charge for tuition and board, with all the necessaries con-
nected therewith, is $200 per annum. An additional charge is
made for music and the other ornamental branches of female edu-
cation, or, when a fixed sumr is preferred, $300 per annum, one-
half payable at the commencement of each term, will be received,
and for it the pupil will be entitled to all the advantages of the In-
Pupils may enter at any period of the term, and are required to
pay only from the time of entrance.
This Institution furnishes all possible facilities for a thorough
course of useful and ornamental education. The principals are
assisted by eighteen professors and teachers.
Extensive courses of lectures are annually delivered by profes-
sors, on Chemistry, Natural Philosophy, Geology, Botany, Astro-
nomy, Conchology, and Elocution.
The Institution is furnished with a library, valuable apparatus
for illustrations and experiments in the natural sciences, a well-
selected cabinet of minerals and shells, maps, charts, globes,
The Fren.h department is under the charge of Professor John
P. Edwards, A. M. who possesses the rare advantage of uniting a
thorough knowledge of both the French and English languages,
being of an English family and born in Paris, and educated in the
Polytechnic school. The rapid progress of his pupils affords the
best evidence of his superior abilities as a teacher.
The pupils are received into the families of the principals, in
which every arran ement is made for their physical education and
the improvement of their manners and morals. They occupy pri-
vate rooms, two in mach, the rooms of the fourteen female teachers
and that of an experienced nurse being among those of the young
The advantages of this Institution are the result of the accumu-
lated facilities of the twenty-nine years of its onward progress.
Circulars containing more particular information may be obtain-
ed by application to the principals, John H. Willard and Sarah L.
Willard, Troy, New York.
Benjamin Marshall, President.
John D. Willard, Secretary.
Mayor and Recorder, of Troy, ex officio.
Benjamin Marshall, John D. Willard,
Stephen Warren, Robert D. Silliman,
Richard J. Hart, James Wallace
Jas. Van Schoonhoven, Le Roy Mowry,
John Paine, Griffith P. Griffith,
George B. Warren, John P. Cushman.
Thomas Clowes, mar 15-3m
OARDING.-Comfortable summer accommodations can
be had at Mrs. WHITWELL'S, south corner ef Duff
Green's raw, Capitol Hill, for members of Congress, with or with-
out their ladies. ap 25-eolw
JAMES PHALEN & CO. Managers' Office.
Two more capitals sold-Nos. 2 20 40, in Grand Consolidated,
of $25,000, in a share. $4,000, capital prize, in Small Fry of
Saturday, sold in a whole ticket to a mail contractor from the
We would advise all who want capitals to purchase at the Man-
agers' Office, corner of 6 h street, may 2
BOARDING AND DAY SCHOOLFOR YOUNG
LADIES.--MMADAMa CHEGARAY having resumed the
charge of her old establishment in New York, with the view of a
permanent residence in the city, respectfully informs her friends
andthe public that on the first of May next she will remove her
school from its present location No. 683 Broadway, to the spacious
newly erected buildings south corner of 15th street, opposite
Union Park. This situation at the branching of the two great
avenues of New York combines the advantages of a city and
country residence, and is also of the easiest access by the daily
lines of stages starting every five minutes from either point of the
two main streets.
Circulara at Messrs. Berard & Mondon's, 36 Courtland street,
and Roe Lockwood's, 41l Broadway. mar8--2m
f'RUSTEE'S SALE.-By virtue of a deed of trust from
A John Hitz, deceased, to me, dated March 31, 1837, and re-
corded among the land records of the county of Washington, I
will offer at auction, for cash, on the 24tlm day of May next, at 11
o'clock A. M. at the auction store of R. W. Dyer & Co. at the city
of Washington,-a very valuable tract of land, part of Mount Plea-
sant, situated in said county, and containing 60 acres 2 roods and
2Q perches. This land was formerly occupied by said John Hiuzx
and subsequently by S. D. Langtree as part of his dairy farm. It
is contiguous to the city of Washington, and adjoins the land of
Messrs. James Moore, McLeod; and others ; is highly improved,
and very valuable.
On full and due payment of the purchase money, I will execute
to the purchaser, at his cost, a valid and sufficient deed of convey-
ance of all the title in the premises vested in me, believed to be
perfectly good. If the terms of sale be notcomplied with in three
days, I reserve the right to re-sell the premises at auction, at the
risk and expense of the purchaser, for cash, after one week's
WM. HAY MAN, Trustee.
R. W. DYER & CO.,
may 2-3taw&ds Auctioneers.
pRICE OF WOOD REDUCED.-Present prices-
Oak at from $4 to 84 50 per cord, delivered.
Pine at from 82 75 to $3 50 do do
Hickory at from 85 75 to $6 do do
Positively for cash only.
Persons desiring to lay in their stock of winter wood can have
it purchased for a commission of twenty cents a cord, and mea-
sured by a sworn measure. Coal purchased by the cargo at a
small commission; and the delivery of both wood and coal person-
ally attended to.
Orders may be left at the wood and coal yard on the Tiber or
Canal, near 14th street; or at the subscriber's residence on 10th
street, between D and E streets.
mar 29-tf GEO, McDUELL,
T EACHER.-A graduate of one of our New Engndi
Colleges, recently disengaged by the suspension of Rock-
fBrn Claissical Boarding School, is desirous of making an imme-
diate engagement as Teacher, in some academy, classical school,
or private family. The best of testimonials as to character, quali-
fications, experience, and success in teaching will be furnished.
Any communication relating to the above, addressed to S. B.i
at Washington, D. C. will command immediate attention.
REMOVAL.-Mrs. E. T. ARGUELLES, having removed
from her former residence to the house lately in the occu-
pancy of Mrs.Owner, situated on Pennsylvania avenue, between 3d
and 4J streets, immediately opposite the American hotel, would be
happy to accommodate Members of Congress, yearly boarders, or
transient customers. may 4-eo6t
SOST.-On Wednesday afternoon, on llth street, between
S G street and Pennsylvania avenue, a small lilac silk Reticule,
with bkock silk fringe, containing a blacks velvet purse with a small
sum of money, and a white pocket handkerchief. The finder
will please leave it at the office of the National Inielligencer and
receive the thanks of the owner, with a suitable reward, if re-
quired. may 5-3t
r EN DOLLARS REWARD will be given for the ap-
A prehension of a deserter from the steam ship Mississippi,
named JAMES BAXLEY; he is about five feet 6 inches high,
between 18 and 19 years of age; dark complexion and dark hair
and eyes. Had on when he left the ship, a blue roundabout and
pantaloons. He is by birth a Portuguese. The above reward
will be paid for his apprehension and delivery on board said ship.
ORti WANTED.-A small, easy-going Horse, or
Pony, perfectly gentle and safe, suitable for an invalid,
will meet with apurchaser on application to
ADAMS & McPHERSON,
Pennsylvania avenue, between 8th and 9th streets.
PUBLIC SALE OF VALUABLE REAL ES-
TATE.-The undersigned, as attorney in fact of the
trustees under deed, will offer at public sale on the premises, on
Saturday, the 28th day of May, 1842, at I o'clock P. M. that
beautiful Farm, situate, lying, and being in the county of Wash-
ington and District of Columbia, on the Rock Creek road, con-
taining about 120 acres of land, known as "Pleasant Plains Farm,"
and which has been in the occupany of Anthony Holmead, Esq.
for inany years. To an individual fond of agricultural pursuits,
this property presents decided advantages, either as a vegetable,
market farm, or a grass farm; the soil is of good quality and fa-
vorable for cultivation, the situation is elevated and commands a
beautiful prospect, and in a pleasant neighborhood, adjoining the
farms of Messrs. J. A. Smith, Handy, and Storm; its contiguity
also to the public buildings, being not more than two miles dis-
tant from the Capitol, would not only render it an agreeable but
a profitable residence for any gentleman in any of the Depart-
ments. The improvementsconsist ofa comfortable framedwelliug,
with other necessary out-houses. Persons disposed to purchase
are invited to examine the premises previous to the day of sale.
The terms of sale are, payment of one-third in cash on the day of
sale, the residue in two equal instalments, the one payable in
eight and the other in twelve months, to be secured by bonds or
notes, bearing interest from the day of sale, with approved secu-
rity ; and upon the payment of the last instalment, a good and
sufficient deed will be executed to the purchaser.
B. M. HEIGHE,
may 4-2awts Attorney in fact for Messrs. Baltzel & Mayhew.
ULWER'S MISCELLANIES, 2 volumes, Being
the reviews and literary and political articles published in
the New Monthly, the Edinburgh Review, &c.; by Sir Edward
Lytton Bulwer. Price $1 50, published at $2 25. For sale by
ap 16 FP. TAYLOR.
MPORTANTTO THE AFFLICTED.-R. THOPit
SON'S Life Preserver is found in practice, in addition to the
removal of the most distressing Colds and Coughs, to cure the
Rheumatism, Croup, Hooping Cough, Hemorrhage, and Spitting
of Blood. Try it, and let it speak for itself.
HOuSE or RsPRESENTATIvES, APRIL 20, 1842.
I should be extremely cautious and wary in affixing my name
in recommendation of any medicine unless I was fully convinced
of its efficacy. I believe your medicine, called "The Life Pre-
server," is highly valuable in colds, because I have experienced
relief from it myself. I can safely recommend it as possessing
great healing powers, while it does not interfere, in ordinary
cases, either in the diet or pursuits of the individual. I have the
testimony of many other persons in whom 1 have confidence
that it has been found useful in all the diseases of the lungs. 1
believe it cannot fail to speak for itself iffairly tried.
Respectfully, yours, Ac. S. H. BUTLER.
Mr. RICHARD THoMPSOiN.
HousE OF REPRESENTATIVES, APRIL 20, 1842.
1 have tried the above medicine, and concur entirely in Mr.
Butler's opinion, and believe ittotethe best medicine I have ever
used for colds or an ordinary cough.
Respectfully, yours, &c. JAMES ROGERS.
i For the convenience of those who desire it the subscriber
has recently had the Life Preserver made in candy, which can
be had at his store on Pennsylvania avenue, one door west of 4i
street, or of his authorized agents.
ap 22-2aw R. THOMPSON.
Tobias Watkins, Washington.
R. S. Patterson, do
Win. Elliot & Co do
PFarquhar & Morgan, do
Z. D. Gilman, do
J. & W. Young, do
James Young, Jr. & Co. do
James P. McKean, do
G. W. Sothoron, Georgetown.
S. Tench, Navy Yard.
G. B. Zeiber, 87 Dock street, Philadelphia.
Mrs. King, 184 Fulton street, New York, ap 22-2aw3w
I OR RENT, a large and convenient three-story brick
dwelling-house, with an adjoining office, situated on the
southeast corner of north 1 and west 20th streets, opposite to the
West Market, and within a short distance of the Public Offices.
Attached to the house is a very large and highly cultivated garden,
filled with shrubbery, fruit trees, and flowers. The locality is
agreeable and thought to be the most healthy in the city. The
terms are moderate, for which application is to be made at the
premises, or to A. H. Mechlin, Fourth Auditor's Office.
CLOTHING, CLOTHING, CLOTHING.-WM.
MARSHALL has this day opened his large and splendid
assortment of Summer Clothing, not to be surpassed, if equalled,
in the United States, for their good quality and neat workmanship,
and at prices that I defy the world to compete with. Gentlemen
in want of these articles will please give me a call before purchas-
ing elsewhere, as the price is so low it is not possible to be be-
lieved without a call to examine for yourselves.
Drap d'Ete and Thibet Cloth dress and frock Coats
Crape and Twilled Summer Cloth dress and frock Coats
Plain and Bombasin frock and dress Coats
Plain, Twilled, and Crape Summer Cloth Pants
Fancy, plain, and ribbed Gambroon Pantaloons of every style
Single milled and Tweed Cassimere Pantaloons
Brown and white Linen Drilling do
Fancy Drilling do
Brown and white Linen dress and frock Coats
French Linen do do do
Brown and white Linen Pants
French Linen Jackets
Good quality Linen Pantaloons, commencing at 81 per pair
Superior quality Linen Coats, $2 50 each
Superior Summer Cloth Coats, from 84 to $10
All other goods cheap in proportion, with a good assortmentof
Cloth Coats, Cassimere Pantaloons, Ac.
Goods of all descriptions made to order at the shortest notice at
Auction and Commission store, Pennsylvania avenue,
ap 29-ft between 9th and 10th streets.
nO CLAIMANTS.-FRANCIS A. DICKINS continues
to undertake the agency of claims before Congress and
other branches of the Government, including commissioners
under treaties, and the various public offices. He will attend to
pre-emption and other laud claims, the procuring of patents for
public lands, and the confirmation by Congress of grants and
claims to lands; claims for property lost in er taken for the service
of the United States ; property destroyed by the Indians, or
while in the possession of the United States; invalid, revolu-
tionary, navy, widows', and half-pay pensions; claims for Revo-
lutionary services, whether for commutation, half-pay, or bounty
lands, as well those against the State of Virginia as the United
States; all claims growing out of contracts with the Government,
or damages sustained in consequence of the action or conduct of
the Government; and, indeed, any business before Congress or
the public offices which may require the aid of an agent or at-
torney. His charges will be moderate, and depending upon the
amount of the claim and the extent of the service.
tie is also agent for the American Life Insurance and Trust
Company, which has a capital of two millions of dollars paid in.
In the profc^.'ution of claims against Mexico, under the late
Convention, I.'. F. A. Dickies and the Hon. C. P. Van Ness,
late Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the
United States in Spain, are associated; and any claim sent to
either of them will receive their united and prompt attention.
Mr. F. A. Dickins is known to most of those who have been in
Congress within the last few years, or who have occupied any
public station at Washington.
His office is on Pennsylvania avenue, between Fuller's Hotel
and the Treasury Department, and his residence is on 13thstreet,
between Pennsylvania avenue and F street.
All letters .must be post paid. dec 14-dly
HATMAN'S DRAWING PAPER.-W, FISCH-
ER, importer and dealer in superior Stationery, Parch-
ment, and Rodgers's fine Cutlery, has just received, direct from
the manufacturer, a large supply of Whalman's superior Dawing
Paper, made expressly to order, of the following sizes, all of which
is constantly kept for wholesale or retail at Stationers' Hall:
Cap size, 13 by 26 inches.
Demy 16 by 20 do
Medium 17 by 22 do
Royal 19 by 24 do
Super royal 19 by 27 do
Imperial 22 by 30 do
Elephant 23 by 28 do
Columbia 23 by 35 do
Double Elephant 27 by 40 do
Antiquarian 31 by 52 do
ATTORNEY AT LAW, ......
Charlestown, Jeferson County, Virginia,
WlII attend the Superior and Inferior Courtso[Jeffrsino, Clacke,
Frederick, Loudoon. and Berkley. Inn g-9l
PRIVOR & FISHER,
SAttorneys at Law .
They practise in the Stale Courts at Montgomeryand InLaqhF id-
joining counties, and in the United States Courts at Tuscalosa.
and Mobile. They attend to the collectio n and adjustment of
claims in all the counties ofSouth and Middle Alabama.
S Messrs. Kemp & Backey, Baltimore.
Thomas Elmes & Sote, Philadelphla.
Collins, Keese & Co.
Deremus,Suydam & Niton, New York.
Perkins, Hopkins & White, )
Walker, Emerson & Co. Boston.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law, Jackson, Vestern
District of Tennessee,
Will practice in the Federal Court at Jackson, and IN pay
prompt and assiduous attention to the collection of elalma and the
prosecution of suits in any part of the Weslern DIstrict.
W. G. CAZENOVE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Charlestown, Jeferson County, Va4
Will attend the Superior and Inferior Courts of Jeffeson,
Clarke, Frederick, and Berkeley counties, and the Superior Court
of Loudoun. (an 6-9t
OWSLEY & GOODLOR,
Practice in copartnership, in the Federal Court, sGeneral Circuit
Court of Appeals, and several of the Circuit Courts. They %in
attend to the collection of debts and the adjustment of claims,with
or without suit, in any part of the State.
W. OWSLvY-W. C. GOODLOE. nov 23-w3m
SAM'L. M. CHARLES,
Portrait and Miniature Painter,
Third strct,five doors from Penn eylrania avenue.
JOHN W. CROCKETT,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
TRENTON, WEST TENESSXB,
Will practise regularly in the Federal Court at Jackson,and will
give promptattention to the collection of claims in any pait of the
Western District of the State. June 1 -ty
Forwarding and Commission Merchant and Genera
BLOOMINGTON, MUsCADINc COUNTY, IOWA TEBaITORY,
Gives particular and personal attention to sales on commission,
special purchases of produce, and investments in real Lstate in
any part ofthe Territory.
Hon. A. S. WHITE, United States Senate.
H. S. LANE, House of Representatives.
DAVID WALLACO, du-/
Messrs. GRIso & ELLIOTT, Philadelphia.
1. W. BUBaRIDEZ & Co., Pittsburgh.
Mr. WALLACE SieasesN, New Orleans.
RICE W. PAYNE, Attorney at Law,
WAaRRNTON, FAUCIVUE rCOSNTY, VA.
Will attend the Superior and Inferior Courts of Fanquier, Lou-
doun, and Rappahannock. ap 21-2awd&c4w
THOMAS T. BOULDIN & WILLIAM T. YANCEY,
Attorneys at Law,
Regularly attend all the Courts in the counties of Amherst, Bed-
ford, Campbell, Charlotte, and Halifax, and the town of Lynch-
burg, Va. June 8-wfirm
L. D. STOCKTON,
(Late of Flemingaburg, Kentucky,)
COUNSELLOR AND ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Burlington, Iowa Territory.
Punctual attention will be given to law basioess in say part of
the Territory. Collections made and money remitted according
IOWA LAND AGENCY.-The undersigned will attend astritl$ to
any business confided to his care in relation to lands in the Ter-
ritory, and offers his services as agent for the payment or taxes,
the redemption of forfeited lands, and the purchase and -sale cf
real estate in any part of Iowa. L. D. STOCKTON.
His Excellency John Chambers, Governor of Iowa.
Hon. L. W. Andrews, M. C. Washington city.
Hon. Garrett Davis, do do
Thomas Porter, John Andrews, PFlemingsburg, Ky.
Armstrong & Collins, John P. Dobyns, Mayeville, do
L. L. Shreve, J. S. Chambers, Louisville, do
Paxton & Keys, B. B. Whiteman, Cincinnati, Ohio.
L. Maltby, George Forman, New Orleans.
Wallingford & Taylor, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania.
E. & D. Gratz, W. R. Fleming, Philadelphia.
BALL a CROMMELIN,
Attorneys at Law and Solicitors In Chancery,
Will promptly attend to the security and collection of all claims
entrusted to their care.
X3 Letters on business must be post paid.
FELIX HUSTON & S. 8. PRENTISS,
Attorneys at Law,
NEW ORLEANS AND VICKSBURG.
MEDICAL INSTITUTE OF PHILADEL'HIA,
Locust street, above Eleventh.
'' HE Course of Lectures will commence on Monday, April
S4th, and continue until the last of October ensuing, with the
exception of August, which is a vacation.
On the practice of Medicine-N. Chapman, M. D. and W.
W. Gerhard, M. D.
Anatomy-W. E Horner, M. D. and Paul B. Goddard, M. D.
Institutes of Medicine-Samuel Jackson, M. D.
Materia Medica and Therapeutics-John Bell, M. D.
Chemistry-James B. Rogers, M. D. and Robert E. Rogies,
Obstetrics, and Diseases of Women and Children-Hugh L.
Hodge, M. D. and William Harris, M. D.
Principles and Practice of Surgery-Thomas Harris, M. D. and
W. Payntell Johnston, M. D.
feb 22-lawc&lawd June 1
W. E. HORNER,
A TEACHER.-A lady wishes to farm an engagement as
Principal or Teacher in the higher branches. She is an
experienced teacher, and, in addition to the elementary branches,
instructs in philosophy, natural, intellectual, and moral; a course
of mathematics, including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, trigono-
metry, Ac.; in languages, in Latin and French.
Address Messrs. Russell, 12 Market Space, Baltimore, Md.
DR. SHERMAN'S LOZENGES.-The patentee of
the above useful invention, which has attained a great ce-
lebrity in the Northern cities, being regularly prescribed there by
many physicians, has made his depot for the District of Colum'ia
at the store of Mr. P. TAYLOR, Bookseller, Pennsylvania ave-
nue, where those who purchase for the purpose of retailing will
be supplied at precisely the same rates as if they purchased at the
proprietor's office in New York.
A very liberal discount will be allowed to dealers purchasing
by the quantity. Those most in use are, the Cough Lozengae, the
Camphor Lozenge, and the Worm Lozenge. feb 28
GRICULTURE, Gardening, Botany, as.-The
Complete Grazier, or Farmer's and Cattle Breeder's As-
sistant; 1 volume octavo, London. British Husbandry, 1 volume
octavo, exhibiting the Farming practice in various parts of the
United Kingdom; London. Hayward's Practical Science of
Horticulture, 1 volume octavo, London. Kenrick's New Ame-
rican Orchardist, new edition, enlarged and improved. Black-
lock's Treatise on Sheep, their improvement, general manage-
ment, diseases, wool, wool trade, &c. i vol. Glasgow; just im-
ported. The American Swine Breeder, a treatise on rearing,
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age"""" ... ............e o'N' But the States may bled for each a purpose as had brought them together, and of
Make regulations rejecting the times, places, and manner ofwhich James Madison, among many of the brightest names
SP CH OF MR. BARNARD, holding elections for Representatives, which may produce in American history, was a particular and a leading star.
OF NEW YORK, inequality and injustice between the States in regard to Mr. Chairman, gentlemen have complained and main-
tiheir Representatives on this floor, or which may, I.r'rlter Itainmed, in the debate, that members elected to ConGress from
favor of a uniform system o electing epresen- reasons, not be satisfactory to this Government; and the particular and limited districts in a State, can have, in no
tatt by districts throughout the U ted Staes. Constitution declares that "Congress may at any time, by sense, that broad and representative character which the
-- law, alter such regulations." A want of uniformity in the Constitution prescribes when it declares that they shall be
House or REPRESENTATIVES, APRIL 28, 1842. manner of conducting the elections in the several States elected by the people of the State. The difference between
-- leading to gross inequality, might .and would demand the the representative character of members of this House and
The House being in Committee of the Whole on tI he state interposition of this Government. that of Senators is strongly marked in the Constitution. A
of the Union, and having under consideration the apportion- In regard to the question of constitutional power, then, it Representative must "be an inhabitant of that State in which
ment bhill to whh an amenmet ws p ing r i would seem as if no doubt could be entertained. The power he shall be chosen, ;" a Senator must be an inhabitant of that
ment bill, to which an amendment was pending providing- is original, under the Constitution, to the States, and origi- Statefor which he shall be chosen." Senators are to be cho-
"That In every case where a State is entitled to more than one nal and concurrent to Congress. To Cr..,r.- n moreover, sen by the Legislatures; Representatives are to be chosen
Representative, the number ti wlm;eh ch St-ite shall be entitled the power is ultimate and appellate. If ii,,- a'-isa fail alto- by the People. Neither are delegates or ambassadors from
under this .pportinmanf shallSea elected by districts composed gather, or if any one of them fail, Congress must act. If sovereign powers, but are, both of them, members of the le-
afcontiguous lersitory e-qual in number i1 the numt.er of Repre- the States act, Congress has a right to review, and revise, gislative branch of an independent national and sovereign
se' es to which said Sate may be entitled, no one district and, if need be, correct and alter" the regulations which Government, resting on the charter and assent of" the Peo-
electing more thaa one Representative. they may adopt. It would be a strange Government, indeed, pie of the United States" for its existence and its powers.
Mr. BARNARD rose and addressed the committee near- which should voluntarily part with all power or control over By the composition of the Senate the members of that body,
ly as follows: a matter which touches so nearly its independence and its besides being the general legislators for a great empire, are
r. C ut: Th prpsto no efor >he ;e existence, entrusted more especially with the care and preservation of
Mr. CHAIRMAMN: The proposition now before the committee Mr. Chairman, what is proposed by the amendment on the interests of the States as political communities, with the
is a new one in the House of Representatives. The subject your table, is simply to alter, in one single particular, the qualified independence and sovereigntLwhich belong to them;
has never before, so far as I know, been considered and dis- regulations adopted by some of the States in regard to the while the Representatives in this House are strictly popular,
cussed in the National Legislature since the formation of the manner of holding elections-some of them having prescrib- coming direct from the body of the People, and qualified, or
Government. It has scarcely been seriously considered or ed the mode by general ticket; and so that the mode of elec- they ought to be, to legislate not for a State only, but for the
discu anywhere, sin ce it formed a topic n thedelibera- lion by districts shall be uniform throughout the United Nation, and for every interest belonging to it, in all its vast.
die anywhere, sinceit formed a topic in the deliver States. This is strenuously opposed in various quarters. SThe extent of territory and population. These Representatives,
tions of that august assembly which met to frame the Con- power of Congress is denied, and, if it exist, its exercise is moreover, chosen in the several States of which they are in-
stitution of the United States, and in those other august as- deprecated and denounced. Several gentlemen have affected habitants, and by the people of those States, are specially
saemblies which were held in the several States to adopt and to consider this proposition, if it should carry, as an order" qualified, or ought to be, to take care of the local and particu-
ratif the Con o. It c s b r us nw fm oe from this Government to the States, and we are solemnly lar interests of the people of the States from which they
ratify the CoMtitution. It comes before us now from one of warned to take care how we undertake to order and command come, so far as these interests may be involved in the legisla-
the standing committees of this House, charged specially by sovereign States what they shall do and what they shall not tion of the National Government. Such is the representative
the House with the duty of considering whether or not Con- do, lest we bring this Government and the States into con- character of members of this House in my opinion. In ome
gres ought at this time to legislate in the case, and which flict! Sir, gentlemen may calm their own fears, and had sense, though certainly not in that which has been imputed
has presented to us the proposition now on your table as the better not attempt to alarm ours. We undertake to prder and to them in this debate, they may be said to represent the
command nobody in this measure. We profess to pass a law States from which they come; and in that capacity I know of
result of ita investigation and deliberation. On all accounts, which the Constitution authorizes us to pass, touching the no reason why they may not, though elected from limited
therefore, it is entitled to the serious and dispassionate con- manner in which elections shall be held for Representatives, districts, represent as truly the people of the States which
sideration of this committee. It is a subject full of interest the effect of which will he s imply to limit the amount of duty send them here, as tihe members of the lower houses of the
.and lull of importance; involving a question of constitutional which devolves on the States on the same subject. We have State Legislatures represent the people of their States in
power and duty in a particular of the utmost delicacy; touch- a right to legislate on the subject, and if we legislate in part those bodies, though elected, as I believe they everywhere are,
ing a question of boundary and partition of authority between only, it remains for the States to fill up the measure of legis- by counties, instead of being elected at large in the States.
the States and the General Government, and reaching, in nation which the case requires. This they will of course do Nobody, I think, has ever dreamed that these were not State
its direct and necessary Import and scope, to the composition in accordance with the regulation which we maypdopt. Said Representatives, because they are elected by counties.
of this House and the distribution of power among the seve- Mr. Madison, in the Convention of Virginia wffich ratified Mr. Chairman, an honorable colleague of mine (Mr. J. G.
ral Statests represented on this floor. It would be difficult the Constitution, in debate on this very point, speaking of the FLOYD) has favored us with his views of the meaning of the
to name a topic of deeper interest to ourselves and to the views of those who framed the Constitution, in the disposition Constitution, in the particular now under consideration,
country. I approach it deeply impressed with its magnitude of this power between the State Governmentsand the General as illustrated and determined by contemporaneous exposi-
and importance; and I shall endeavor to bear myself in the Government,"itwasthoughttheparticularregulationsshould tion. An honorable member from Virginia, (Mr. SuM-
part I am about to take in the discussion in that calmness of be submitted to the former, and the general regulations to the MERs,) in an admirable argument on this subject, had read
temper and with that directness of argument and remark latter." This is precisely what is proposed now to be done from the Debates in the Virginia Convention of 1788, some
which befits the case and the occasion. I am happy to say What occasion, then, is there for this sensitiveness and appre- very timely arid forcible remarks which hail then been made
that thus far the debate has been for the most part thus con- hension lest some degree of supremacy should chance to be im- by Mr. Madison, in the course of which Mr. M. had refer-
ducted and standing, as we now do, as the immediate suc- poted. to a law of Congress on a subject within t he admitted red directly to the want of uniformity which might be pro-
cesorTa of those illustrious men of the days of the formation scope of its authority'I Sir, if this Government is supreme duced if some of the States should elect Representatives by
ofUthe Constitution, who handled this subject, in reviving the within the scope of its powers, it is because the Constitution, general ticket, and others by districts, as likely to furnish an
consideration of it I trust we shall go through the discussion, which the States have ratified and adopted, has made it so. occasion, and a proper one, for the interposition of Congress
as we have certainly begun it, in that calm, courteous, delibe- The States, by the Constitution, shall make regulations con- under the power so often referred to in the Constitution.
rative, and argumentative mood and tone, zealous and earnest cerning the times, places, and manner of holding elections This would seem to have settled the question of power, so
though we may be, which so well becomes the subject, and for Representatives; but the Congress may at any time far as this sort of argument could settle it. But my honorable
of which those same illustrious men have set us so worthy maker alter such regulations." If Congress legislates under colleague found, or thought he found,contemporaneous expo-
and excellent an example. this authority their act becomes the supreme law, since it is sitions on the other side of the question. He looked into the
Mr. Chairman, the proposition before us, in substance, is declared that this Constitution and the laws of the United terms of ratification adopted by the Conventions of several
that Congress do now enact by law that hereafter Represen- States which shall be made in pursuance thereof shall be the of the States, and other proceedings accompanying the ratifi-
tatives in Congress from the several States of this Union shall supreme law of the land-any thing in the Constitution or cations by them, and he discovered matter to satisfy him that
be elected by districts in the States from which they come; laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding." It is the power to legislate on this subject did not belong to Con-
and it has been strongly objected and argued that Congress not Congress, then, nor this Government, which sets up anti grees: and, if it did, it was a power which must not be exer-
has no power to pass such a law. It is said that the whole asserts a supremacy over the States; it is the Constitution cised-at least it could not he exercised-with the assent of
power over the subject, namely, the manner in which Repre- which gives to the acts of this Government, within its sphere, any true Representative of the State from which ho and I
sentatives shall b elected, belongs to the States respectively, the character of supremacy in spite of tte Government-that come. The Convention of New York, and the Conventions
and that Congress has no right to interfere in the matter; at same Constitution which has chosen to leave nothing of the of several of the States, as we all know, took many strong
least, that Congress cannot interfere except in the event ot duty and obedience which the States owe to this Government, exceptions to the Constitution at the time they ratified it, and
the States failing altogether tIs provide bylaw for holding the to a voluntary and stinteJ performance, but secures every thing most of them proposed a variety of amendments, some of
elections, nor in that event to direct that elections shall be as far as possible by expressly COMMANDItNO that the ment- which were afterwards adopted by a constitutional majority
held by districts rather than by general ticket or otherwise, bers of the several State Legislatures and all executive and of the States. One of the amendments thus proposed by New
The provision of the Constitution on this subject would judicial officers of the several States, shall be bound, by oath York, as well as by other States, but never adopted, and I
seem to be very plain and easily understood : The times, or affirmation, to support this Constitution." believe not even proposed in Congress, was an amendment
places, and manner of holding elections for Senators and Re- An honorable gentleman from Georgia (Mr. COLQUIT) led on the subject now under consideration, and to this effect:
presentatives shall be prebsribed in each State by the Legisla- the way in an argument, which has since been repeated more "that the Congress should not make or alter any regulation,
ture thereof; but the Congress may at any time by law make than once, against the power of Congress to pass such a in any State, respecting the times, places, and manner of
or alter such regulations, except as to the pI-laces of choosing measure as this amendment contemplates, on the ground holdingelections for Senators and Representatives, unless the
Senators." Now, on reading this provision, it is a very ob- that, by the Constitution, Representatives arc to be chosen State should refuse or neglect to make, or be ir:capable of
vious reflection, occurring, it seems to me, naturally and ne- by the people of the several States," and not by the people making, regulations for the purpose, and then only until the
ceossarily, to every intelligent mind, that here is a creation of any number of districts within the States, Thisargu. State should make provision in the premises," In proposing
and grant of power; that it was simply and solely the object ment evidently proved too much. It would seem to follow their amendments the Convention of New York, in the same
of the clause togrant and confer a power and prescribe a duty from it, as an inevitable result, that all who held their seats paper, declared that they enjoined it upon their Representa-
touching the particular subject to which it relates ; and that so in this House by elections in districts less broad than the eta- lives in Congress to exert all their influence to obtain a ratifi-
exclusively was that the object of the clause, )t is utterly tire States from which they come, hold them by an uncon cation of those amendments; and "in all laws to be passed
without signification or sense, the whole or any part of, it astitutional tenure, since the argument assumes that no man by the Congress in the mean time), to confirm to the spirit
that was not its sole and only object and meaning, can be a Representative, by the Constitution, who has not of the saidul amendments, as far as the Constitution will admit."
Well, sir, the object of the clause being to confer a particu- passed the ordeal of a vote by the whole bodtly ot the quali Besides this, in the instrument of ratification the Convention
lar power and prescribe a particular duty, on whom or on tied electors of his State who might choose to take a part in declared that they assented to and ratified the Constitution,
what are the power and duty imposed Why, in the first the canvass. To avoid so startling a consequence, the hon- in full confidence, nevertheless," that until a Convention
place, clearly and indubitably on the States of this Union re- orable member took refuge in the notion that it was quite should be called for proposing amendments the new Govern-
apeetively. Each State shall, by its Legislature, prescribe competent to the States to manage these elections according ment would abstain from exercising certain powers, and
the time or times, place or places, and manner of holding elec to their own views of propriety and convenience. The peo amongst others the power of Congress over the subject of the
tionsfor Representatives from such State. The power iscon- pie might elect by districts on the authority of their own elections, except in the manner indicated in the amendment
ferred and the duty, is prescribed in express terms; conferred Legislatures, although they could not do so on the authority they had proposed.
andprescribed in the most ample and plenary manner, and of Congress. This was exactly equivalent to saving that Now, sir, upon this showing of facts from contemporaneous
the States respectively are the recipients aind subjects of the the State Legislatures might dispense with and violate anr history, made by my colleague himself, nothing is clearer than
power and the duty. Whatever may be done by legal enact- express provision of the Constitution, though Congress, ot that it was then a conceded point that the power, in the mat-
ment, and whatever must be done in the way of making pro- course, could not. The States, as I have shown, have no ter of the elections, was given to Congress by the Constitu-
visions for holding elections by the people of the several States power over the subject, except as the constitution has given tion just as we contend for it now. NewYork conceded it,
for Representatives, in. regard to time, to place, and to man- it; and they can make no regulations upon the subject which but she deprecated the exercise of the power; no doubt sole-
ner, it js the duty of the State Legislatures to do, by express Congress may not also make or alter. ly under the apprehension that she might somehow or other,
direction of the Constitution, and by authority of "the people The same honorable member had ingeniously insisted that and under some influence or other in Congress, be deprived
of the United States" who ordained and established the Con. this was an attempt to prescribe a new qualification for Rep of the privilege of electing her Representatives by districts.
stitution. resentatives in Congress by confining their residence, each It was undoubtedly this fer'that dictated her hostility, as it
And now, sir, I wish to make another particular remark, to a particular district, while the Constitution only required dictated the hostility of other States at the time, to this pro-
by way of taking another distinct step towards the conclu them to be inhabitants of the State in which they shall be vision in the Constitution. The States were wedded to the
sion to which my argument tends; and that is, that theStates chosen. It was admitted that nothing of the sort was pre district system or mode of conducting elections for legislative
have no other power or authority whatever over the subject scribed in terms, in the proposed amendment, but the practi and other offices, as most democratic ard most conformable to
of holding elections for Representatives than such as is con- cal effect and operation, it was said, would he as was suggest- the spirit ot their republican institutions. They desired to
ferred by this clause in the Constitution. If they have, when( ed. Well, sir, no doubt the general fact would be that mem- retain that mode in electing Representatives for the new Gov-
and how did they get it' Take this clause away, and who bers would be residents of the districts from which they ernment, and they were afraid that other dispositions and
has given to the States of this Union, and how have they ac might be elected. But this is no new qualification. 1: other counsels might prevail in the new Government on this
quired the right to interfere with the times, places, and man- it would be when elections should take place in districts un subject. The true Democratic and State rights doctrine of
tner of holding elections for the independent offices of an in- der the authority of Congress, it is now a new qualification that day favored the district system. How strangely altered
dependent Government I For this is an independent Guv- in all those cases in which elections take place in districts are things now, when those who clamor loudest for democra-
ernment, holding its existence by its own charter, derived from under the authority of State Legislatures. Besides, the fac' cy and State rights are found denouncing a proposition toes-
tIa authority of *' the people of the United States," and need itself might not be always as stated. We have had in Nes tablish the district system and make it uniform throughout
Iag not to ask any other power or sovereignty on earth for York more than one example and instance to the contrary, the United States, and strenuously insisting, as some of them
leave to be ; a Government of limited powers certainly, but where State elections havo taken place by districts or by do, that there is neither democracy nor State rights in any
within the scope of its powers, as independent, as uncon- counties, and where the law did not imperatively require thing else but elections by general ticket !
trollable and sovereign as any Government on the globe. It the candidate to be a resident of the district or county Well, sir, I understood my honorable colleague, upon his
is a great corporation, like other Governments-a legal and from which he was elected. Mr. Van Buren, at the showing of history, to contend that New York had ratified
moral person-existing in the persons of its officers, and hay- time a resident of Albany, was elected to the Conven- the Constitution upon a condition ; and, of course, my col-
ing the power, or it was designed to have, of continuing and tion which framed the new Cons;itution of New York in league has put that respectable State out of the Union, for it
perpetuating its own existence, by the dueelection and perper- 1821 from the county of Otsego. Mr. Burr, when a re- is certain that the condition, if there was one, has neverbeen
nation of these officers. What original right, or what other sident of the city of New York, had been elected to a simi- performed.
right, except as conferred by the Constitution, have the States lar convention, held in 1801, from the county of Ulster. I Mr. FLOYD asked leave to explain. He had said New
of this Union to legislate concerning thetimes, places, and man- will only add, on this point, that if the fact should turn out York had ratified the Constitution with conditions; and, hay-
nerofholdingelectionsforofficersofthisGovernment'I Admit to be invariably in practice as the gentleman from Georgia ing been received into the Union on those terms, and without
that they were, each in itssphere, absolute, independent, and anticipates, in case of a uniform system of election by dis objection, the Union had adopted her as she offered herself,
nationall sovereignties previous to the adoption ol the Federal tricts throughout all the States, it would not be thought and had assented to her conditions.
Constitution, still every one must see that no authority be- generally a detect but an excellence of the system ; and the Mr. BARNARD. Very well. I think I understand my col-
longed to any one of them which enabled such State to pre. fact of residence in the district would not be a new qualifica- league now. New York is in the Union ; but upon condi-
scribe for any other Government the manner in which the tion for a Representative, required by law, but a personal tion all the while that certain powers of this Gmvernment,
elections for thatGovernment should be held. And when qualification required by the electors of the district, of their under the Constitution, shall not be exercised-at least, quoad
this Government was brought into existence by the Constitu-. own candidate, and on which, as in every other personal qual- New York; that as to her these powers are to be considered
tion, under the authority of" the people of the United States," ification, they have a right to insist, as out of the Constitution. New York ratified on conditions,
what original or reserved power was there in the States, under Another point in this same connexion has been much imposing at the time a perpetual injunction on her Represen-
which they were enabled to take upon themselves the right dwelt upon in the debate, especially by those who claim to be tatives never to assent to the exercise of any power by Con-
of prescribing themodeand manner in which elections should of the straitest sect of the State rights school of politicians, gress over the subject of elections, but to resist, by every
be held for the officers'of thin G government ? The idea of an The mode of electing by general ticket, adopted and prac- means, all attempts to exercise it. The Union received New
"original" right of this sort in the S'ates, precedingthe Con- tised in some of the States, is defended not only as a t;.-t,' York on these terms, and, as to her at least, the power is null,
slitution, is a solecism and an absurdity. No such right could belonging to them as sovereignties, but as the only mode and does not erist.
exist before this Government was formed ; and how it could which can give to members elected to Congress that broad Mr. FLoYD interpospd. He said that his colleague (Mr.
spring up upon the formation of this Government, except as representative character which belongs to them, by the Con B.) had not referred to the passage which had been quoted
it might be specially delegated, is more than I have been able stituhion, as Representatives of Statesovereignties. The old and mainly related on by him. He had insisted that the cen-
to discover. Representatives in Congress were to be appor- doctrine and heresy in regard to the character and origin of dilions which the State had attached to her acceptance of the
tinned among the several States according to their -|e.p.-: this Government is revived. It is insisted that it is the crea- Constitution were such as entitled her to claim for herself
tive federal numbers, and the Representatives from eac, Si-'.- ture of the States, which are its masters, and it is distinctly exclusive jurisdiction of the subject of elections within her
were to be chosen by the people of that State. Such were maintained that representation on this floor is not a popular limits; ant, as thi jurisdiction was exclusive in the State, it
and are the provisions of the Constitution. But the people of but a State representation-members in this branch of the could not be exercised by Congress. He would read the
the several States, in electing Representatives to Congress, American Congress being representatives of State sover- passage which he had quoted. It was as follows:
act as the constituency of this Government, and not as the eighties in the same manner and to the same effect as Sena- "Tat nuathing contained in the said Constitution is to tue con-
constituency of the States; and it is inconceivable how any toriarerepresentativesofStatesovereignties. In other words stiud to prevent the Legislature of any Stats from asiig laws
pswer can be taken by the States, by implication, to control this is not a National Legislature-a co erdinate branch of at its discretion, from time to time, to divide such State into eon-
and direct the mannerin which the constituency ofadistinct an independent National Government-but a Congress of venient districts, and to apportion its Representatives to and
ansl independent Government should proceed in electing their ambassadors or ministers from sovereign Powers. amongst such districts."
officers to r,,prespsnt them in that distinct and independent Mr. Chairman, I shall not enter into this topic; it opens Mr. BARNaRD. My colleague is quite right; he quoted
Government. Certain it is. no such confusion of ideas in re- too wide a field. Nor do I deem it necessary, so long as the this passage, and also those to which I have before referred.
gard to what constitutes a Gevi rnment, and what this Gov- recollection remains fresh in the minds of the American Peo- And upon them all, and upon this in particular, as I now un-
erument would be as it was intended to be constituted, pre. pie of that famous debate which took place in the Senate of derstand him, he insisted, and insists, that New York accept-
vailed in the minds of those great men who laid the founda- the United States a few years ago. and which resulted in so ed the Constitution on the express condition, which was
tons on which it was to rest; for they claimed it necessary signal an overthrow of these monstrous and dangerous opin. assented to by the Union, that the Constitution was not to
and proper to make a special provision in regard to mating ions, sustained as they were attempted to be by the most emi- be construed as giving to Congress any power or jurisdiction
reguiaitvns for holding elections under the Constitution, in nent ability, and in the overthrow and rout of every argo- whatever over the times, places, and manner in which elec-
the terms which I have quoted from that instrument. The ment which had been or could be out forth in their defence, tions for Representatives should be held ; that that is a sub-
Constitution propwed that the making general regulations As yet, at least, and I hope forever, we may rely on the ex- ject over which New York, at least for herself, has exclusive
should devolve, as a duty, on the States in the first instance, posure of their deformity and futility which these doctrines jurisdiction. A strange and whimsical doctrine this, to be
with a reservation of authority over the whole subject to Con- received in that debate, and on the marked reprobation with sure! The Constitution is one thing for New York, and
gres--a point to which I shall advert more particularly di- which they have been visited by the highest judicial tribunal another for the rest of the Union. New York is in with pe-
rectly-and when these States assented to and ratified the of the country, and at the hand, especially, of the first judi- culiar privileges and exemptions. She has put her own con-
Constitution, the power and the duty became fixed and cisl mind and character of the country and the age. 1 will struction on certain of its powers, and the Union has taken
imperative, not touch the subject on this occasion further than to refer to her, assenting that her construction of these powers shall
The object, then, of this clause in the Constitution was, a significant authority on which my eye happened to rest the prevail, so far at least as she is concerned. She has come in
directly and solely, the creation and disposition of the power last evening. We know that it has been a favorite policy with wi'h exceptions and reservations, and the Union assents to
to provide, by law, for the times, places, and manner of hold- those who, in modern times, have revived these opinions to them all!
ing elections under the Constitution; and the whole power trace them to Virginia. Well, sir, I vouch Virginia as a wit- Sir, it must be remembered that this election power was not
over the subject is given, in the first instance, to the States, ness to the truth of the true doctrine of the Constitution, that the only one to which the Convention of New York took
which have no power whatever in the case except as it is this Government emanates from and is the creature of the Peo- exception ; not the only one which she proposed to strike out
thus bestowed. And now I wish to add, what must be ap- pIe and not the States. The deliberations of the Convention or restrict by amendment; not the only one which, as the
parent on the slightest inspection, that the same clause con- of Virginia which met to consider and ratify the Consti'u- condition of her acceptance of the Constitution, (according
fear on this Government the ultimate power over the same lion, and the debates in that Convention, were of the most to the reading of my colleague,) she declared must not be
subject as broadly and completely as it is given, in the first thorough, deep, and searching character. The ratification used or employed. She ratified the Constitution "in full con-
instance, to the States. "But the Congress may at any was opposed at every step, and the Constitution was analyzed fidence, nevertheless," that no excise would be imposed on any
limp, by law, make or alter such regulations." The States and scrutinized in every feature, and assailed with every wea- article of the growth, production, or manufacture of the Unit-
shall make regulations concerning the times, places, and pon which argument and ingenuity and eloquence could sup- ed States, or any of them, within the State of New York,
manner of holding elections for Representatives; and Con ply. PATRICK HENizY was there to oppose it. But the rali- ardent spirits excepted; and "in full confidence, neverthe-
gretss may at any time make such regulations. The subject fiction was carried; and in the instrument of ratification less," that Congress would not lay direct taxes within that
is the same, anil the p.wer Is the same. And whatever the adopted by the Convention was this remarkable declaration: State, until Congress had first made a requisition on the State
States may do touching thAlt siiljcc, C ,rigress may do. The We, the delegates of the people of Virginia, do, in name for its quota, atter the manner of proceeding under the Con-
duty is first imposed upon the St ,iSE ; it" they fail to perform and in behalf of the people of Virginia, declare and make known federation. Of course, according to the doctrine of my hon-
it, or it any one ol minm fails, C."-,resA may perform the that the powers granted under the Constitution, being derived orable colleague, these powers are now and forever out of the
duty in their steaJ, end in as full and ample a manner as the from the People of the United States, may be resumed by them Constitution, so far as New York is concerned.
States might have performed it. If a State may prescribe whensoever the same shall be perverted t- their injury or oppres- Among the amendments proposed at that time by New York
that the elections shall be held by general ticket, Congress sion, and m that every power not granted thereby remains with them was one that no money should be borrowed on the credit ofthe
may so prescribe; if a State may prescribe that the elections and at their will."' U. States without the vote oftwo-thirds ofbot h Houses of Con-
shall be held by districts, Congress may so prescribe. Here certainly was no pretence that this Government was gress; another, that no regular troops should be raised or kept
Nor isit only in case .f a neglect or failure, for any cause, the creature of the States; and it was proper that such a in time of peace but by a like vote; and another, that Congress
to perlornm this duty, that it then devolves upon Congress. heresy, if broached or intimated in the Convention, should should not declare war but by a like vote. Of course my col.
_T'LcM it must be perform mid by Congress to prevent a disso- have received a pointed rebuke from a body of men assepa- league denies the right of Congress to exercise the power
to borrow money, or the power to raise armies, or the power
to declare war, except by a two-thirds' vote; at least, New
York is not to be bound by any measure of the sort, if adopt-
ed only by an ordinary majority vote. Another remarkable
amendment was proposed by the New York Convention at
the same time. It was to this effect: that no person not a
natural born citizen should ever be eligible to the office of
Representative, except he had held a commission under the
United States in the war of the Revolution, and was a free-
holder I How does my honorable colleague like the democ-
racy of this doctrine 1 How would it suit our "adopted
fellow citizens," of whose interests the party of my colleague
take particular charge' At any rate, according to the in-
ijunction of the Convention, which my colleague holds to be
of binding and perpetual obligation, he and his compeers from
New York must use all reasonable means to obtain a ratifica-
tion of this proposed amendment, and, in the mean time, must
conform themselves to the spirit of the amendment !
One word only, Mr. Chairman, to my honorable colleague
before I quit this topic. When he took his seat in this House
he was sworn to support the Constitution of the United
States. What Constitution does he support' Is it the Con-
stitution as it is, and in its integrity or is it that other Con-
stitution which he says was accepted by New York-a Con-
stitution with conditions, exceptions, and reservations Was
he sworn to support the Constitution of the United States, or
was he sworn to support a Constitution such as the New
York Convehtion of 1788 might have made it '
Mr. Chairman, the reference which has been made to the
New York Convention of 1788, and the use which has been
attempted to be made of the proceedings of that Convention
in this debate, may justify mein supposing that it will not be
deemed wholly out of place, or wholly without interest to the
c-mmittee, if I advert for a moment, in a more particular
manner, to the period of that Convention, the circumstances
under which the Convention met, and to some further pas-
sages in its history and doings.
Probably the most gloomy period which the men of the
Revolution ever saw, after the disasters of the campaign of
1776, was the summer of the year 1788. It was a period not
only of gloom, but almost of despair. Upto the 17th of June,
when the Convention of New York met, only eight States
had ratified the Constitution. The Convention of Virginia
was then in session, and the result in that State deemed ex-
ceedingly doubtful ; and no sooner had the Convention of
New York assembled than it was ascertained, to the dismay
of the friends of the Constitution, that a strong and decided
majority of that body were opposed to ratifying the Constitu-
ion, on any terms. George Clinton, then Governor of New
York, was chosen President of the Convention, and he was
decided in his opposition, and so voted on the final test ques-
tion in the Convention. This state of things had not oen
anticipated at an earlier period. In the preceding October
Gouverneur Morris, writing to Gen. Washington, had said:
If the assent or dissent of the New York Legislature were
to decide on the fate of America, there would still be a chance,
though I believe the force of the Government would preponder-
ate, and effect a rejection. But the Legislature cannot assign to
the People any gomd reason for not trusting them with a decision
on their own affairs, and therefore must agree to a Convention. In
the choice of Convention, it is not improbable that the Federal
party will prove strongest, for persons of very distinct and oppo-
site interests have joined on the subject."
This prediction was not verified; for, when the Convention
met, the Federal or Constitutional party was found in a mino-
rity. The fate of America seemed to rest on this Convention,
and the despondency which seized the hearts of patriotic men
throughout the country, when the composition of the Con-
vention became known, may perhaps be imagined. The anti-
Constitutional party were strong and bitter in their opposition.
They were not only opposed to the Constitution, but they
were opposed to any Constitution by which the powers of the
State Government should be materially restricted or affected,
or by which a m6re perfect union should be established. Mr.
Yates and Mr. Lansing, the colleagues of Mr. Hamilton in
the Convention which formed the Constitution, had retired
from that body before it had completed its great work, and
the letter addressed by those gentlemen to Governor Clinton,
to explain the reasons of their abandonment of their post,
sufficiently discloses not only their views, but the views and
feelings of the anti-Constitutional party in the State. Their
reasons, they said, were reducible into two heads-
First. The limited and well defined powers under which we
acted, and which could not, in any possible construction, embrace
an idea of such magnitude as to assent to a general Constitution,
in subversion of that ef the State. Second A conviction of
the impracticability of establishing a General Government,
pervading every part of the United States, and extending es-
sential benefits to all."
These were their reasons for abandoning the Convention
at Philadelphia, and refusing to subscribe to the Constitution
as there formed ; and these reasons and these views and feel-
ings they carried with them, no doubt, into the New York
Convention, for they were both members of that body ; and
by these reasons, views, and feelings were they and the anti-
Constitutional party, or at least the leaders of that party, ac-
tuated in the strenuous, the almost furious opposition which
they made to the Constitution at every step of its progress
through the Convention.
Sir, my colleague has spoken of a conditional ratification
by this Convention. If he had been a little more accurate in
his history he would have put this matter in a very different
and a truer light. It is true that the question of a conditional
ratification was distinctly made and put to the Convention,
but it is equally true that the qualification was rejected.
A resolution was before the Convention for the unficondi-
tional ratification of the Constitution. After several days'
discussion, a proposition was moved in these words:
Resolved, as the opinion of this committee, That the Con-
saitutiion under consideration ought to be ratified by this Conven-
tion : Upon condition, nevertheless, That until a Convention shall
be called," &c.-I
The proposition going on to enumerate certain things that
Congress and the Federal Government must not do. Well,
sir, every body knew then, as we know now, that a condition-
al ratification would have been no ratification at all. It would
have been a rejection. On this proposition, therefore, every
thing was suspended. It was earnestly and anxiously de-
bated from the 15th to the 23J of the month, (July,) when a
motion was made to strike out the words upon condition,"
and insert the words "in full confidence," and the motion
was carried, but only by a vote of thirty-one ayes to twenty-
nine noes The votes of Yates and Lansing and Clinton
were recorded in the negative; but the almost superhuman
efforts of Hamilton and Robert R. Livingston and John Jay
had at last broken the strength of the opposition, and the
Constitution was saved. The ratification wascarried finally,
however, only by the same meager majority oftwo votes. Mr
Yates and Mr. Lansing and their associates were true to their
hostility to the last, and voted against ratifying, even after
they had succeeded in carrying through the Convention pro-
positions for amendments which, if adopted, would cripple and
destroy the Constitution and the Government. They would
not consent to ratify, even with the declaration annexed that
the ratification was made "in full confidence, nevertheless,"
that such amendments would be made to the Constitution.
Mr. Chairman, I take leave of this topic with a single re-
mark. Men might oppose the Constitution in 1788, when it
was an experiment to be tried, without any necessary im-
peachment of their patriotism. We can readily pardon the
hatred with which they assailed it, and the embarrassments
which they everywhere, and in every manner, threw in the
way of its adoption. But what we cannot so readily pardon
is, that th~ey followed it after its adoption, some of them, and
the Government that was established under it, so long and
s9 rancorously with their hostility and their hate; and espe-
cially is it difficult to pardon or to tolerate that spirit which
nerves and impels so many, at the present day, after the
Constitution has wrought out, to demonstration, its own un-
exampled wishomn and excellence in the deliverance, the sal-
vation, and the blessing it has brought to the millions of the
happiest and most favored nation on the globe; that, after
all this, so many are found who seem to glory in being the
lineal heirs and inheritors of a hatred towards the Con-
stitution, which, however venial in the period of its origin, is
inexcusable and abominable now. The Constitution was
hated and opposed once, before it could be known, except
by speculation and reason, how much or how little of wis-
dom or excellence it contained ; it is hated and opposed now
because its wisdom and its excellence have become manifest
to ail the worll.
Mr. Chairman, with a few other observations, I shall re-
lieve the patience of the committee. The p uwer conferred on
Congress by the Constitution on the subject of the elections
was designed to be exercised in either of two events: first, if
the States, or any of them, should wholly fail or omit to make
the necessary regulations; and next, if these regulationsV in
the different States should be such as to produce a want of
uniformity, and inequality in the representation on this floor.
In my opinion, the latter of these two events has happened,
and the ease has arisen and the time has arrived for Con-
gress to Interpose. The inequality and the want of proper
uniformity in the representation here from the several States
have become manifest. It is a case, as I think, of flagrant
In order to understand t'-e full effect produced here by the
fact that some of the States elect by general ticket while
others elect by districts, it is proper and necessary to look at
the composition of this House as it is actually organized for
efficient action, as part of a co-ordinate branch of the Goe-
ernment. Members are elected as belonging to one or the
other of two principal parties existing in the country. An
"independent" member-a member belonging to neither party
and to no party-is a rare thing in the House of MRpresenta-
tives. Indeed we know-every reflecting man and every
man who is acquainted with the history of the country
knows-that the political power of the country, and the ac-
tual administration of the affairs of Government, at least
whenever they have been or shall be successfully administer-
ed, always are, always have been, and always must be, in the
hands of a party. The People divide into parties, and the
successful party, by the hand of their own elected officers and
representatives, take possession and conduct the Government
according to their own distinctive principles and policy. This
has been the course of the Government from the beginning.
We had first in the administration the Federal party, as dis-
tinguished from the anti-Federal or anti-Constitutional party.
This party remained in power twelve years, when it gave
place, In consequence of some imputed abuses, to the Repub-
lican party, which continued to hold the reins of adminis-
tration, under a succession of Republican Presidents, for
twenty-eight years. Then came the rule of the modern De-
mocratic party, riding in on a storm of popular commotion,
raised by false clamors for retrenchment and reform, bottomed
on false cries of extravagance and corruption ; and, finally,
after twelve long years of almost uninterrupted struggle and
labor, in 1840, the Whig party came in and took full posses-
sion.of the Government in whose hands the complete and,
I do not doubt, the successful and prosperous administration
of the affairs of the country would now be, but for that calam-
ity Which fell upon it in the first month of its power, and the
unhappy differences which have since sprung up, arid which
have separated the Executive from all cordial co-operation
with the Legislative branch of the Government. A condi-
tion of things, let me say in passing, which affords the fullest
explanation of all the difficulties and obstructions which lie
in the way, and retard and prevent the efficient action of
Congress in any system of wise measures fit for the relief and
for the advancement and prosperity of the country. Without
a system of wise measures no administration of the Govern-
ment can be successful; and no such system can be devised,
perfected, and-established so long as the President, armed
with his patronage and the power of the veto, is of one party,
holding one set of opinions, and the majority in Congress is
of another party aifd hold a different set of opinions. And
as to administering the Government without a party, there
are few examples of dreaming more wild, whimsical, and ab-
surd. And when I hear gentlemen, claiming to be practical
statesmen, talk about patriotism as something which may 4x-
ist and actually operate in the way of administering the affairs
of such a Government as this, distinct from party and without
party, which they repudiate and denounce as something
which does not consist with patriotism, why I am apt to think
they are either very simple or very wicked ; that they either
do not know what they say and have no meaning at all, or
they mean something very bad which they are afraid to avow.
But let this pass.
I recur to the fact that for all efficient administration the
affairs of Government must and will be in the hands of a
party. To a successful party in administration there is al-
ways a principal antagonist party out of administration and
trying to get in. And these two parties, as they exist in the
country, ought, upon every principle of justice and of safety,
to be fairly represented in this House. It is better for the
country that the dominant party should not be too strong
here, or the other party too weak ; their relative strength in
the country, and in every part of the country, should be just-
ly reflected in the relative strength of parties on this floor.
This, however, every one will see, is impossible with the two
modes of election, by general ticket and by districts, prevail-
ing in different States. Indeed, it would be easy to defeat
entirely the popular will on this floor, and of course in the
whole Government, in a case where a just representation
would give a majority to one party over the other, if all elect-
ed by districts, by a single State departing from the practice
of the rest, adopting the general ticket system, and throwing
an undivided delegation into the House to turn the scale of
parties. New York, with her forty members, could do this
with great ease. Even a small State like Alabama could do
it, where the majority in the House might otherwise be
small. This may be one effect of allowing the two methods
of electing Representatives to prevail in different States at
the same time. But there are others. Take the relative
position and strength of Alabama and New York on this
floor at this moment. New York elects, by districts, forty
members, and she stands here divided party-wise nineteen and
twenty-one-two majority for the Democrats, so calling
themselves. Alabama, having expressly, for the election of
members to the present Congress, as I understand, changed
the district for the general ticket stem, stands here with
her entire delegation democratic, five in number. On every
question, then, upon which parties divide in this House-and
almost every important question decided in this House from
year's end to year's end is decided by a party division-the effi-
cient vote of New York is two, and that of Alabama is five,
both on the Democratic side. And this will appear the more
remarkable when we consider that New York, if, at the last
Congressional election, she had elected by general ticket, as
Alabama did, would stand now on this floor with forty Whig
votes against five on the other side from Alabama. So un-
equal and unjust is it that these opposite modes of holding
elections should prevail in different States.
Sir, it is manifest that if a corrective be not applied by es-
tablishing a uniform system of electing by districts through-
out the United States, another corrective will sooner or later
be applied. Those States, and especially the large States,
which come now into this Hall with their political strength
nearly balanced and lost, to meet other States which present
an undivided strength equal to the whole number of their
Representatives, will not always be satisfied with that condi-
tion of things. In necessary self-defence they must resort to
the general ticket system. If some States will persist in this
mode, others must adopt it. If the modern State rights doc-
trine is to prevail ; if States must be represented as sovereign-
ties on this floor; if it is more democratic to elect Representa-
tives by general ticket, and send them here as ambassadors or
ministers plenipotentiary; if that is to be the doctrine and
practice with some States, why others will certainly take care
that, in the presence and prevalence of such a practice, they
do not wholly sacrifice and lose their strength and weight in
this Hall by adhering to other doctrines and other modes of
proceeding. In my opinion the manner of electing Repre-
sentatives, whether by general ticket or by districts, ought to
be uniform throughout the United States; the district system
ought to prevail, and if it does not the other will. And what
a state of things would be presented if all the Stales elected
by general ticketI What would become of the interests of
minorities in the several States, when each State should send
an entire delegation of one or other of the twogreat parties'I
Or suppose it should happen-a very supposable case as we
know from very recent history-that some nineteen States,
including nearly all the large States, should present on
this floor an unbroken front of some two hundred men
of one and the same party against some forty only in the
ranks of opposition, what would then become of the in
teresta of the minor party in the Union, which, notwith-
standing this show of overwhelming strength against them in
Congress, might, in the popular vote, divide the strength of
the country with their opponents in a manner approaching
near to equality'
But, Mr. Chairman, I have occupied more of the time of
the Committee than I had intended, and more perhaps than
I ought. And I conclude with declaring that I am ofopinion
the time has now come when a uniform system of electing
Representatives to Congress throughout the United States,
by districts, should be directed and established by the author-
ity of Congress.
THREE VALUABLE FARMS, MILLS, AND
TAN YARD FOR SALE.-The undersigned will
sell a great bargain in this very desirable property, adjoining
Colesville, in Montgomery county, Maryland, and twelve miles
north of Washington city.
One tract contains 304 acres, two-thirds of which is in a high
state ofcultieation, more than 100acres ofit is rich meadow land, a
large portion already set in timothy, and is equal to any bottom land
in the county. The balance is well covered with excellent wood
and timber. The improvements are, a two-story dwelling house,
barn, stable, and other out-houses ; a saw-mill in good repair;
also, a new mill and gearing, suitable for a woollen factory or
grist mill, supplied by a large and never-filling stream of water;
also, a tan yard of 58 vats, bark and mill houses, beam-house,
and currying shop, suitable for an extensive business. Three fine
apple orchards, one of which is of the best selected fruit, with a
variety of other fruit trees. This tract abounds with numerous
springs of good water, is pleasantly situated in a good and healthy
neighborhood, and is well worth the attention of any gentleman
wishing to make a profitable investment; the meadows alone will
yield a handsome revenue in hay, without the trouble and expense
attending ordinary farming operations.
One tract, containing about 363 acres, adjoining the aforesaid
tract. The improvements are, a large two-story brick dwelling
and two log barns; about two-thirds cleared, the residue in thrifty
wood and timber. Much of the cleared land produces a fair crop,
and is susceptible of high improvement. As a country residence,
this property presents strong inducements to a city gentleman,
being a handsome and healthy location, and having a commanding
view oi the surrounding scenery for several miles.
One tract, containing 83f acres, situated on the little +Northwest
branch, half a mile distant from the former, about 50 acres clear-
ed, which is remarkably kind and productive, the balance heavily
timbered, well watered, and healthy.
The above lands will be sold a great bargain, either together or
separate, as may suit the purchaser. The terms will be made
liberal. If not disposed of at private sale previous to the llth
June, they will be sold on that day at public auction.
For information, inquire of Mr. J. C. Dawes, or Win. Hay-
man, Euq., Washington city, or of the subscriber, on the premises.
may 3-TouTh&Sat.ts if [Globe.j
SPLENDID NEW FLOWER SEEDS.-Ws have
to-day received from New York and Boston 2,000 papers of
choice new Flower Seed, superior to any heretofore offered for
sale in this District. Those who want must apply immediately,
as they will be all gone in a few days. Dahlia Roots, Cut Plow-
era, Boaquets, Flowering Plants, &c. for sale cheap.
may 7-eo3lif J. P. CALLAN & CO.
JAMES PHALEN & CO. Managers' Office.
SCHOOL FUND LOTTERY OF RHODE ISLAND.
CLASS No. 30.-EtoaITH SERIES.
To be drawn at Providence, on Satuiday, May 7, 1842.
t prizs of $25,000 is
l do 12,500
1 do 6,000
1 do 4,000
1 do 2,6271
1 do 2,000
1 do 1,900
1 do 1,800
1 do 1,700)
1 do 1,600
2 prizes of 1,50(1
3 do 1,300
5 do 1,250
200 do 500
75 number lottery-12 drawn ballots.
Whole Tickets $10-shares in proportion.
GEORGETOWN LOTTERY OF DELAWARE,
Class No. 49, for 1842.
To be drawn at Wilmington, Delaware, Saturday, May 7.
1 prize of $6,000 is 86,000
1 do 1,600 t,600
1 do 1,200 1,200
1 do 1,123 1,1231
2 prizes of 500 1,000
5 do 200 1,000
10 do 150 1,500
10 do 125 1,260
10 do 100 1,000
20 do 75 1,600
20 do 60 1,200
205 do 50 10,250
76 numbers-13 drawn ballots.
Whole Tickets 82-Halves $1-Quarters 50 cts.
Risk on package of quarters $6. may 7
IN SENATE.-APRIL 21, 1842.
Mr. WOODBRIDGE, of Michigan, when it was in or-
der to present petitions, rose and addressed the Senate to the
Mr. PRESIDENT: It becomes my duty to present for the
consideration of the Secate the petition of Aaron Weeks, Esq.
of Michigan. The object of the petition is to obtain compen-
sation for damages sustained by the petitioner and his asso-
ciates in consequence of bqing prevented by the force and
violence of your soldiery from the execution of a contract they
had entered into with the State of A',migan for opening a
ship canal. The case is one of deep I rest, and involves
considerations of great magnitude. -
At an early period of its history as a State, Michigan
adopted an extensive system of internal improvements: roads,
canals, and railways were deemed essential by her, in order
to induce a more early settlement of her wilderness country,
and in order to develop her extensive resources, agricultural,
mineral, and commercial. Among other objects, thatof con.
structing a ship canal at the Sault de Ste. Marie constituted
a part of her plan. But the project of connecting that im-
mense sheet of water/Lake Superior, with the group of lakes
below, was a work interesting to so many Slates, and destin-
ed to affect in so great a degree the commerce of so immense
a country, that the Legislature thought it should be deemed
rather a national than a State affair; and the more especially,
also, because, being on the very verge of your national boun-
dary, such a work could not fail to be of the utmost import.
ance with a view to the military and naval defence of the
country. The Legislature of Michigan therefore presented
the subject hers for your consideration; but it seems to have
failed entirely to arrest your favorable notice. That State
then sent up its own talented engineers. A minute and scl.
entific examination of the locality, and of every thing con-
nected with the work, was completed; and a detailed esti-
mate of the expense of constructing the work was made and
reported to that Legislature. By that estimate it manifestly
appeared that the whole work might be completed for less
than 3150,000. In this stage of the matter the subject was
again pressed upon your notice by the State authorities: but
again their appeal was unsuccessful. Finding thus that the
National Councils were utterly opposed to any favorable con-
sideration of the matter, the State, limited as its resources
were, determined itself to undertake the work. Its board
of internal improvement were accordingly instructed to enter
into contracts for the completion of the work. Proper ap-
propriations were made, contracts were erat red into and I
believe, eight or ten thousand dollars were advanced'tm y the
State. The petitioner, Aaron Weeks, became interested in
those contracts to the extent, I think, of one-third of the
whole work; and he did not delay the commencement of his
operations. He purchased all the requisite tools, and pro-
cured, at great expense, a stock of provisions for the whole
season. He hired fifty men ; chartered a large and commo-
dious vessel; anti, with allhis men, provisions, &c. sailed up se-
veral hundred miles to theo scene of his intended operations-
having first made the requisite arrangements for sending up
an increased number of workmen so soon as such increased
number could work to advantage. He arrived at the Sault;
and it was in the evening, I think, of the day of his arrival
that hlie received an intimation from some lieutenant in your
service-then, Ithink, in the quartermaster's department-im.
porting that he would not be permitted to proceed in his
work! You had then there, as you still have, a small stock-
ade, called Fort Brady, and one, or perhaps two, companies
of troops. Some intercourse was then immediately had be-
tween the petitioner and the captain in command at the gar-
rison: the result of which was a still more peremptory inhi-
bition against his proceeding. Astonished and appalled at
this unexpected difficulty, in a situation in which it was
impossible for him to have any timely communication with
the State board of internal improvements, and beyond the
reach of professional advice; he was thus thrown back upon
the suggestions of his own energetic but uncultured mind as
to what course he should pursue. He had already incurred
expenses more than enough to absorb his fortune: he had
stipulated under a severe and heavy penalty to fulfil the cos-
tract he had entered into with the State: he had heard the
State called a sovereignn State," and supposed she possessed
at least the right and the power to regulate and establish
her own roads and canals, and other public works: the Indhn
title to the country had long, long before been extinguished,
and the site of the proposed canal was far from any of 'he
defensive works of the garrison. Such were the views which
seemed to present themselves to his mind over night, and he
determined to proceed in the morning with his work. Ihe
next day, accordingly, he placed his rmen upon the preecriled
line of his work, with their spades, mattocks, and axes; and
had not been more than two or three hours at work, whmn,
apparently, the whole body of the garrison, in battle arrty,
moved down upon him. The spades and axes of his mn
were wrenched from them, and the whole of his fifty world.
men were forcibly driven, at the point of the bayonet, iron
the ground Now, then, no alternative seemed to remain
but to re-emhark his men ; this he proceeded with all dili-
gence to do, What became of his year's supply of provisions I
do not know ; but he himself returned to the sea' of Govern-
-ment of the State and made some report ot his ph-,:edirt ML
Some official intercourse was then had between the s n J
or of that State and the national authorities, Ihe ternin- a
tion of which I do not precisely know. But so lar as I d. 3
know, Ihe prtiti.-.n-r ha. ri.t. I bit I lme,oip rallh.t m.- account
inr in i.-, umi ,Tv ',s'.nr e mim1 o t.i.n, by ihe Siat, nor has
he been sued 1 suppose upon his bonds: and no reliefseemn
to have been otherwise accorded to him.
It is not my purpose to go into a minute examination of
this matter now-it is not the appropriate time. But it is
easy to perceive that it involves, c9l1aterally if not directly,
considerations of the gravest character. If a member of this
Union-if a State, which you call a "sovereign State-have
not the right and the power to lay out and establish its own
roads, according to its own pleasure-if it may net excavate
its own canals, and erect and construct its own public works,
according to its own opinion as to what it may consider its
own people or the public good may require, without first ob-
taining your permission and consent-it is quite time it should
be known. And, if a State has not that power, it will net
be immaterial to consider what attributes cf sovereignty a
"sovereign State" of this Union does possess; or, whether
any ? And which of her internal concerns, if any, she may
herself regulate ? If the eminent domain rest here, and all
sovereignty remain with this National Government-if the
authorized agents of that State, when in the execution of the
orders of its Government are to be thus set at defiance and
treated with contumely by your soldiers-it is at least desir-
able that you and the nation should know it.
Sir, the petitioner sets out his story fully and truly, I believe;
and the proof will be found, I believe. very fully to substan.
tiate it. I respectfully ask that the petition be read ; and then
that it be referred, together with the documents accompanying
it, to the Committee of Claims.
This petition being for the present disposed of, I have two
or three others, sit, which I desire now to present, and which
have relation to the same general subject-the national com-
merce of these interior seas. The first is the memorial of
seventy-eight citizens of Kalamazoo, praying for an appropri-
ation for the improvement and protection of the harbor at the
mouth of the river of that name. It is similar in its object to
several other petitions I have already presented here. This
river is not a tributary stream of the Mississippi, as is strangely
alleged in one of the daily papers of this city ; but it empties
into Lake Michigan, nearly two hundred miles round the
coast, northeasterly from Chicago. It is a beautiful river, ex-
tending far into the interior of the peninsula of Michigan. It
has a flue steamboat navigation for about forty miles from its
mouth, and then is interrupted by rapids. It runs through
a region of surpassing fertility; and though but a small part
of the country is reclaimed from its wihlerness condition, yet
the memorialists tell you that there are already upon its waters
nineteen flouring mills, erected at a cost of more than $200,000,
and thirty-five saw mills, at a cost of more than $40,000. In
addition to the strong reasons assigned in the memorial for
making the appropriation it asks, I wish to remark, that one
of the two western termini of the large canal which the S'ate
of Michigan has projected across the peninsula from Mount
Clemens (a village some twenty or thirty miles above D, troil)
to Lake Michigan, is at a point on the navigable part of this
river. The surveys for the canal have been made; much
work along its course has been done, and some fifteen or twen-
ty miles of it have been finished. But I cannot, now, In the
embarrassed condition of our finances, conjecture when it
will be completed; especially as the greater part of it extends
through the public domain; which, according to existing laws,
is exempt from taxation, and cannot, without your consent, be
made to contribute to the coinsummation of a work, which, if
it were completed, would, beyond a doubt, add many hundred
folt to its value.
It is also my duty to present to you two other petitions, sign-
ed by a great number of citizens, praying for the extension
and completion of the harbor improvements commenced by
you, some years since, at the mouth of the St. Joseph river.
This river acquired its name, about two centuries ago, from
the French. That people then possessed a large establishment
upon it, a few miles up from its mouth. Their settlement
there progressed, as most of their early settlements did, first
as a missionary, then as a trading, and then as a military post.
The remains of its ancient fortifications, yet visible, are am
object of curiosity and of speculation to the inquisitive ira-
seller; and, in exploring those remains, in connexion with the
surrounding-scenery and the beautiful river in sight, he will
not fail to admire that extraordinary judgment and forecast
with which the French, in those early times, seized upon that
and upon all the prominent and imposing positions in the
whole of those wide spread regions. The St. Joseph waters
an extensive range of country as fertile as that of the Nile
and far more beautiful. A small steamboat already plies upon
its waters, and ascends along its winding course, I think, as
far as Constantine-(perhaps one hundred and fifty miles.)
Its batteau navigation extends many miles above, to The
Three Rivers." No human eye ever rested upon a more beau-
tiful nor a more interesting country.
It was in reference to this same St. Joseph river that the
Legislature of Indiana expressed the opinion that it was the
duty of this General Government to enlarge and complete the
harbor at its mouth, and by their joint resolutions petitioned
you to make appropriations for that purpose. I listened to the
reading of those resolutions, and to the able exposition made
by the talented S nator who presented them, (Mr. WHITE,)
of the principles and facts upon which all such applications
must rest, with unmixed satisfaction. It was a liberal and a
generous interposition on the part of that great State, but it was
a wise and a just one too; for Indiana has a deep interest in the
proper encouragement and protection of the commerce of the
great Lakes. Besides, the St. Joseph, in its serpentine pro-
gress, winds its course for perhaps sixty miles through that
strip of country-which you have been pleased, in the ampli.B
tude of your power, justly or unjustly, to take from MichigOA
and give to Indiana; and there she already possesses a dense
population, whose prosperity most vitally depends upon the
enlargement and security-of this harb.sr. It was on theocca-
sion of the presentation of these resolutions that the eloquent
Senator from South Carolina (Mr. PRESToN) was pleased to
give you, in so animated terms, hise commentaries upon your
constitutional powers and duties in regard to the degree of
protection you should furnish to the national commerce, and
uttered his starting denunciation against all harbor appro-
priations along those inland seas. Sir, it is not at present
my purpose to attempt to analyse the doctrines then advanced.
In this preliminary stage of the matter I ought perhaps to rest
satisfied wjth what has been already said, and so well said.
In a matt# however, so deeply interesting to the country
from which I come, and about which opinions so crude seem
to prevail, I ask leave to say that the Senator from South
Carolina fell into some mistakes as to matters of fact of the
most material and injurious bearing; and those mistakes be-
ing seized hold of by certain newspaper writers, seem to have
been made the text by them for more amplified essays, in
which it is sought to underrate the commerce of those northern
seas, to undervalue the country itself, and to impeach the mo-
tives of those who come forward with their applications for
harbor and other appropriations there. Two or three days
ago, sir, my colleague, the Representative from Michigan in
the other House, put into my hand a newspaper, printed in
this city, and which contained one of those effusions to which
I allude, and which I read with the same feelings of grief,
and I may say of indignation too, which I know it produced
upon the mind of my colleague.* With newspaper writers, sir,
I have nothing to do here; but I must say that it is extremely
to be regretted that those who in that way affect to mould and
to guide the public opinion, should nottake some small pains to
acquaint themselves more fully with the subject about
which they write, before they assume to be public mentors.
" Men little think bow immorally they act in rashly meddling
with what they do not understand." Nor car they at all es-
timate the amount of injury they inflict, both individual and
public, by their bold assumption of premises that have no foun-
dation in truth. But unhappily, sir, the Senator from South
Carolina may have furnished, as I have said, a text for too
much of that newspaper essay. He has fancied to himself,
and so assumed, that you have nu navigation in those immense
inland seas-no commerce there to protect. He has fancied
to himself that Nature had denied to Lake Michigan, around
its whole circumference, all benefit of a single harbor. In
the overflowing richness of his poetic imagination, he has
been pleased to suppose that the shores of that lake, of a thou-
sand miles, consisted of one high continuous rocky acclivity;
and that out of the solid rock Congress was called upon to exca-
vale, cut out, blow up suitable and convenient harbors, in
order that you might thus create a commerce which does not
now exist. Sir, the inspirations of poetry never yet did fur-
nish a safe guide for the lawgiver. And when the Senator
from South Carolina shall do us the honor to visit our wide-
spread and picturesque country, (and I hope he will do us
that honor,) he will then find that his conceptions of its
natural conformation', as well as its existing commerce, are
True, indeed, as he passes up the straits that connect the
two great liAs, and rounds the northern point of our penin-
sula, he will see a cold, repulsive, and rocky shore. But
when h* shall have passed the Island of Michilimackinac,
(the Gibraltar of that northern Mediterranean,) and its high
and rocky apex shall have faded from his sight in the dis-
tan1e, then, sir, he may coast around its beautiful shores for
hundreds and hundreds of miles, and nowhere see a rock
nor a stone, nor a pebble even, much larger than a musket
ball. No high hill thencomes down to the shore, obstructing
his sight-no range of broken mountains rests in the back-
grounds. 'iris all a country of gentle undulations, or rather
an inclined plane, gradually depressing and flattening down,
till it meets all around that continuous belt of moveable
sand which encircles the whole circumference, and bounds
the mighty waters of that inland sea. And, as he coasts
along, he will see, especially on the eastern shore, the fre-
quent large and beautiful rivers, whose pent up waters are
constantly struggling to force their obstructed course through
and over this bar of sand at the mouth-a work constantly
renewed, because every successive storm constantly renews
the obstacle. Now, it is there, sir, within the mouths of these
rivers, that the harbors are which Nature gave us ; and when
once within them, there is, in general, neither want of space
nor waot of depth. Why, sir, at the outlet of this very
river, (the Kalamazto,) the shortest and the smallest of the
two, the proudest ship that carries your flag across the ocean,
if it were there, would find ample space and ample depth.
And some few miles aboe, (some thirty or forty only,)
where the Grand River empties, your whole navy, steamers
and all, if it were transported to the lakes, would ride in
safety and with convenience if once it could pass the bar of
loose sand at its mouth. But that bar, increasing as it is
from yeir to year, now excludes entirely all the vessels of
the lakes that draw more than seven or eight feet of water.
Sir, it is with these harbors as it is, perhaps, with every
other earthly good ; to be made fully available for all the pur-
?oses of which they are susceptible they require the labor,
the skill, and the industry of man. Now, it will not, I trust,
be doubted, but that harbors are indispensable to commerce :
nor can there be safe navigation unless the entrance into them
be sate, certain, and secure. Upon whom, then, is it devolved
to make them so Sir, to you is given the power to regulate
this commerce. Out of its proceeds and its profits ample
means accrue, not to the States, but to you. Upon you, then,
it Is of consequence enjotneir, as a corretateve oatcy,- ts- you
foster, enlarge, and protect it. Nor have you sought, here-
tofore, to elude or evade this duty. What part is there of the
broad ocean, into which your commercial marine has found
its way, that has not witnessed your protection of it'l-that
has not also witnessed the proud bearing of yor vessels of
war 1 And why is this I Why, unless it be that you may
the better foster, enlarge, and protect that commerce, which
constitutes, and which is intended to constitute, the great
source of your own revenue'I
But the gentleman from South Carolina was pleased to
Imagine that, throughout those vast interior seas, you had no
commerce to protect: that the object of these applications was
to cut out a competent number of harbors from the solid rock,
in order that you might thus create a commerce which does
not now exist. Sir, as gentlemen set all topography at defi-
ance, when they suppose the whole circumference of Lake
Michigan, where scarcely a rock can be found, to consist of
one solid rock, so they would seem to spurn the most authen-
tic statistical proofs, when they assume that there was no
commerce there to protect. Now, there is authentic evidence
before you, sir, that from the thriving little town of Milwau-
kie, in Wisconsin, on the western shore of Lake Michigan,
and new as the settlement of that country is, there was export.
ed more than $200,000 worth of products last year; and that
its imports during the same year, comprising, no doubt, the
property brought in by emigrants, nearly equalled two millions
of dollars' worth. The constituted authorities of the same
town tell you that the lives lost within the last few years on
Lake Michigan by shipwreck exceed one hundred, and that
more than one million and a half of dollars' worth of property
was in like manner lost or destroyed by the same shipwrecks ;
and these shipwrecks they attribute to the want of harbors,
or to the want, rather, of a safe and convenient entrance into
the harbors around that sea.
Another authentic document on your tables informs us that
the average number of arrivals and departures of vessels apd
steamboats at and from Chicago, in Illinois, during the past
season, equals 150 per month ; that the importations into that
flourishing port during the last year equalled two millions
of dollars ip amount; and that during the same year nine-
teen (19) vessels were shipwrecked on Lake Michigan. The
Legislature of Indiana compute the yearly exports from Mi-
chigan city at about half a million; and authentic documents
show that the shipments from St. Joseph alone amounted, for
the last year, to 'l;-.i,i;,i,0 worth. How, then, can it be pre-
tended that there is no commerce, no navigation, on Lake
Michigan to protect 2
But Michigan is but one of a group of lakes, each con-
nected with the other, and all constituting one immense sea,
the magnitude of which it seems difficult for those who have
not seen it to realize. Without stopping to consider of the
probable amount of the commerce elsewhere upon Lake Mi-
chigan and Lake Huron, at Green Bay, at Racine, at Michi-
limackinac, at the Sault de Ste. Marie, but passing down you
will discover by the official returns that the registered and
licensed tonnage of Detroit for 1840 was, I think, exceeding
11,000 tons, and now, I presume, must exceed 12,000. The
tonnage of Cleveland was returned, I think, at about 9,000
tons for 1840, and that of Buffalo, 1 have been told, can
scarcely fall short of 14,000 tons. What may be the ton-
nage of all the other districts on Lake Erie, I am not advised;
but it may be judged of perhaps by the alleged fact that the
number of entries and departures at Buffalo exceeded 4,000,
and at Cleveland they exceeded 3,000; of which last near
400 were clearances for British ports, or for the Welland
Canal. The Topographical Engineers you sent to Lake
Erie report to you that there is annually introduced into and
discharged at Cleveland, and distributed in Ohio, or else
through its canal sent to the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, as
much as ten millions of dollars' worth of dutiable mer-
chandise, the duties upon which were doubtless secured
at New York, Boston, or elsewhere ; while the whole com-
merce of those upper lakes, as you are told in the documents
which accompany the President's message, cannot fall short
of twenty-five millions of dollars year. And yet gentlemen
imagine to themselves that there are no American seamen, no
navigation, no commerce there to protect. Sir, to harbor
such a fallacy, much more to adopt it as your basis of action,
is unworthy of the Senate, and to us of the Northwest it does
deep injustice. It implies, too, a disregard of the great inter-
ests of that country, which I am sure would net exist if the
magnitude of those interests were better understood. Four-
teen years ago, sir, a different sentiment prevailed here; for
it w-a as long ago as that, and perhaps longer, that you first
commenced your harbor improvements upon Lake Erie. And
for those improvements there was then, as there is now, a dou-
ble motive. One was that the commerce of those regions
was deemed worthy to be thus protected; another was, that
these same harbor improvements were considered an indis-
pensable means of extending to that whole exposed frontier
of the nation a suitable and effective military and naval pro-
teciion. You had a special regard to both these considera-
tions when you directed those works atl the River Raisin and
Laplaisance Bay to be commpenced, which, before their com-
pletion, you have been pleased to discontinue.
But, sir, I willdelay the Senate no longer by remarks which
may perhaps seem inopportune. It has pained me to have
felt obliged to make any upon the presentation of these pe-.
titions. I respectfully move that they be referred to the Com-
mittee on Commerce, and will indulge in no idle fears but that
the Senate will feel disposed to do whatsoever justice and
sound policy may seem to require.
The petitions were referred accordingly.
Seo the Independent of April lth,
A LETTER FROM M. GUSHING.
TRANSLATED FROM THE COURRIER DES ETATE 5 IS, (A FRENCH W A S H I N GT 0 N .
PAPER PULISeHED AT NEW YORK.) Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and t
WASHINGTON, APRIL 26,1842. Inseparable." f
To the Editor of the Courrier des Elate Unt s:
SIBR: I ask leave to address to you some observations on a SATURDAY, MAY 7, 1842.
very grave error which I have remarked in most of the dis-. c
cussions of the day, concerning what is called the right of
search. Neither House of Congress sat yesterday ; nor
There is misapprehension as to the true question. It is t
net at all one of the right of search. It is a question alto- was Thursday much of a business-day in either
gether different, and, it may be added, a more important one, House. The attendance was thin, the House of
both to France and the United States.early
The real question is this: Shall the inferior officers of the Representatives being expected to adjourn early 0
British Navy have the power to seize, detain, turn from her in pursuance of the order made some days ago to 1
destination, and send in for trial, every merchant vessel which adjourn over from that day to Monday; and the
they shall suspect of being engaged in the slave trade? j
This is a British pretension entirely new, and which has Senate being also thin, and indisposed for busi- I
no relation to the old question of the right of search, except ness by the fatigue of several successive days of
in leading to the same abuses. se
England began by assuming this right under the mere au- long sitting on the General Appropriation Bill.
therity of an act of Parliament, and without having ob- Soon after meeting, that body also adjourned over
taminedthe concurrence of the nations on which it operates.
The act is of the date of the 24th of August, 1839. It to Monday, for the purpose of allowing its chain-
imports that the Admiralty may issue orders to British cruisers ber to be cleansed and ventilated.
to capture Portuguese vessels engaged in the slave trade, and
other vessels engaged'in the slave trade not being justly en- The Civil Appropriation Bill, returned to the
titled to claim the protection of the flag of any State or nation. House of Representatives from the Senate with
But, how to know what vessels are subject to be seized by
virtue of this act t They are designated by the words fol. amendments of some extent and variety, was, on
lowing: Thursday, referred by that body to the Committee
"Sec. 4. And be it enacted, That every such vessel shall Thursday, referred by that bd to the Committee
be subject to seizure, detention, and condemnation under any of Ways and Means. It cannot, of course, now
such order or authority, if in the equipment of such vessel be further acted upon before Monday.
there shall be found any of the things hereinafter mentioned,
"First. Hatches with open gratings, instead of the close The Report of the Secretary of the Treasury a
hatches which are usual in merchant vessels, upon the new Tariff, which has been for some
"Secondly. Divisions or bulkheads, in the hold or on deck, fr a w i h Cm it
more numerous than are necessary for vessels engaged in time past looked for, and which the Committee
lawful trade, of Ways and Means have been anxiously waiting
$1lTvhirdly. Spare plank fitted for being raid down as a second
ordslyedck. Sparplau kitdrbigidonsecn for, is expected to be laid before the House of
"Fourthly. Shackles, bolts, or handcuffs. Representatives on Monday.
"Fifthly. A larger quantity of water in casks or in tanks ____________
than is requisite for the consumption of the crew of the vessel CS NG LTE
as a merchant vessel. MR. CUSHING'S LETTER.
"Sixthly. An extraordinary number of water-casks, or of We do not know that we can present the his-
other vessels for holding liquid, unless the master shall pro- tory of the Letter from Mr. CUSHING, which will
duce a certificate from the custom-house at the place from
which he cleared outwards, stating that a sufficient security be found in another column, in terms more con-
had been given by the owners of such vessel that such extra cise and proper than those in which we find the
quantity of casks or of other vessels should only be used for
the reception of palm oil, or for other purposes of lawful translation of it introduced into the columns of
commerce. the New York Express, as follows; adding only
"Seventhly. A greater quantity of mess-tubs or kids than the New York Express, as follows; adding only
are requisite for the use of the crew of the vessel as a mar- that much stress is very naturally laid by the editor
chant vessel, of the French paper, in his introduction to the
"Eighthly. Aboilerof an unusual size, and larger than re- i h i
quisite for the use of the crew of the vessel as a merchant Letter, upon the circumstance of Mr. CUSHING'S P
vessel, or more than one boiler of the ordinary size. being a conspicuous member of the Committee of
Ninthly. An extraordinary quantity either of rice or of
the flour of Brazil, manioc, or cassada, commonly called Foreign Relations, who is not likely therefore to
farina, of maize, or of Indian corn, or of any other articles have written such a Letter without a motive.
of food whatever, beyond what might probably be requisite
for the use of the crew; such rice, flour, maize, Indian corn, rROM THE NEW YORK "EXPRESS."
or other articles of food not being entered on the manifest THE RtGHT OF VISIT.-Iu the Courrier des
as part of the cargo for trade. Etats Unis, the French paper of this city, we find I
Tenthly. A quantity of mats or matting larger than is r n i
necessary for the use of the crew of the vessel as a mer- a letter from the Hon. CALEB CUSHING, which he
chant vessel. has written in French, and published there, no
"Anyone or more oftheseseveralcircumstances,ifproved, doubt, with an eye for its use in the Parisian
shall be considered prima facie evidence of the actual employ- journals, which otherwise, in the hurry of a news- J
ment of the vessel in the transport of negroes or others," &c. o m
Remark, if you please, that the description in this law of paper office, might not find time to translate and
vessels suspected, and as such subject to capture and con- republish.
demnation, is conceived in terms almost identical with those The Courrier introduces the Letter with many i
of the .uintuple Treaty. compliments to the character and standing of Mr. 9
That is to say, England took it upon her to arrogate to CUSHING, whom it thanks heartily for the senti-
herself this high police ot the sea, in virtue of a mere muni- UHINO, wh.om it thanks heartily for the seni-
cipal law of her Parliament, in open disregard of the law o ments of the Letter, and then adds its comments
nations. at length with the declaration that France alone,
This act at the time of its passage was warmly opposed in of necessity, will resist British ambition, and
Parliament by the Duke of Wellington, Lord Lyndhurst, o I
and several other distinguished members of the Conservative alone enjoy the glory of defending the rights of
party. These statesmen contended that the law would in- 'America and Europe."
evitably embroil England with the People of the United As this letter is probably one which will at-
States, jealousas they were of the old pretension of England tract a good deal of attention over sea, we have I
totherightof search, and that it would violate the rights of all doubt that our readers will thank us for the
Europe, and especially those of Portugal arid of France. doubt that our readers will thank us for the
But as the Whig Ministry could only exist by making 'translation made from the Courrier."
perp tual sacrifices to the extravagant demands of the aboli--
tionists, it had to pass the law and putit in execution. A ball and dinner were recently given by Gen.
There is no principle of the law of nations which the pro. BRADY ad the United Sates Officers at Detroit,
visions of this act do not outrage; there is no tyranny which BRADY and the United ate Officers at Detroit,
the English officers cannot practice under its authority, to a number of British Officers stationed at Am-
Not a ship sails out of the port of Boston or of New York h1 a L b p i fe
which a British cruiser could not vex and seize in the exe- herstburg and London. The best possible feeling
cution of this act of Parliament. prevailed.
In effect, the British cruisers, armed with this law, have
already presumed to arrest, to detain as suspected, and to send TEMPERANCE MEETING IN NEW YORK:I
in for condemnation several American vessels whose only
crime waS-That or pursuing on the coast of Africa a legitimate We learn from New York that an immense
commerce, which Englishmen wished to interrupt in order to crowd of people assembled at the Tabernacle in
get possession of it for their own exclusive benefit.
Upon these facts occurring, the Goveenment of the United that city on Wednesday evening last, in conse-
States hastened to remonstrate against these acts of the Eng- quence of a previous announcement that the
lish cruisers, and to claim reparation from the Government of M.
Great Britain. meeting would be attended by Mr. MARSHALL, Of
Lord Palmerston perceived at length the impossibility of Kentucky, and Mr. BRIonGs, of Massachusetts,
changing the law of nations by a simple act of Parliament.
He became convinced that we would never consent to see from whom addresses were expected. The latter
our merchant vessels captured and detained according to the gentleman, however, was prevented from attend-
caprice of England. Then, instead of acting frankly towards
us, and renouncing all pretension to the right of search, as ing ; but it would appear, from the description of
has since been done, he eluded our reclamations, or put them the meeting which is before us, that in the pre- i
off, by means of delays and devices of diplomacy, with the
sole object, apparently, of gaining time, to be able to set in sence and remarks of Mr. MARSHALL the many
play the Quintuple Treaty, and thus to interpolate the munici- who were especially anxious to see and hear him
pal English law into the law of nations, to give to England
the superintendence of the sea, and to direct the moral force not only had their curiosity gratified, but were so
of all Europe against the contumaciousness of the United well pleased with his glowing eloquence as to be
But Lord Palmerston has not been able to succeed with reconciled in some measure to their disappoint-
the American Union. It remains to know whether he will ment at the absence of his able colleague in the
succeed in Europe. That is for France to decide.
As for what concerns the United States, the Earl of Aber- great cause of Temperance reformation.
deen has withdrawn the cause of complaint. He has had the
courage to be just and sincere. The British cruisers have re- THE RACES.
ceivedthemostprecise orderstoceasetodisturbthevesselsof the The four mile heat race was won yesterday, in
United States. Moreover, the new English Ministry, admit-
tingtheinjusticeofcaptureswhichhadbeenmade,hasalready very handsome style, by Mr. McCAROo'S horse
consented to indemnify the owners of one of our vessels, and Eutaw, in two heats, pretty closely contested,
it must naturally do the same in other like cases. For us o T
Americans the sea is still free, because we have so willed, beating four others. The race was as interesting
Determinedly to resolve on independence is to possess it, and plepising to the eye of the mere spectators as
Shall the sea be free hereafter for France Not at all, if the
King of the French ratifies the Quintuple Treaty. In that any one ever run over this course.
case French vessels will be as completely subject to the inso-
lence of English cruisers as the suspects of the reign of terror FORo HtY.-Charles H. Smythe, alias Charles H. Nichols,
were to the despotism of the inferior agents of the Convention, alias J sase W. Nichols and Charles Brown have been ar-
Read the conditions of suspicion. There is no person pos- arrested: at Newport, (R. I.) on an Executive warrant from
sessing the least knowledge of maritime affairs who does not the Ge1,ernor of that State, obtained by a requisition from
see that, under this treaty, every merchant 'essee will become the Gvenor of stts. We ha information fo
suspected and subject to be overhauled frem stem to stern i governor of Massachusetts. We have information, at
that the English officer may compel the discharge of the whole the p resent, (says the Boston Mail of Tuesday,) of forgeries
cargo in order to verify and examine its quantity and quality, con mitted by them to the amount of about $65,000 in notes
to decide whether there is too much water or provisions on and. drafts; and how mfh more will hereafter come to light
board, whether there are planks, mats, handcuffs, two cop-it. it i b ow t oi
pers; and that this verification cannot be made without tum- a is sible now to say, although it is to be presumed that
bling over and deranging the whole ship ; Ihat the English "the half is not yet told." There are undoubtedly an im-
cruisers will thus exercise a general surctillance of the conti.. mense number of their forged notes in circetlation in Phila-
mercial enterprises of every nation; that they will have i.'e delphia, Baltimore, Mobile, New Orleans, and many other
arbitrary power of tyrannizing at will over maritime commerce p
secure by express law against all claim for damages, either' pc _----------------------
individual or national; that vessels engaged in lawful tra de WM. FOWLE, Esq. was onMonday elected President of the
may be captured and sent in, and honest ship owners rui nei Alexandria Canal Company. [EmoaR SN0WDEN, Esq. was
on the most frivolous pretexts; and that, finally, Englan'j will
acquire, what she seeks, the monopoly of the trade of tb-e coast the former Presidenti]
of Africa, and the supreme dominion of the ocean. T ltebiApnicncewth ercvn
In adopting the O~uintuple Treaty, France will S'nhbject her The little brig Apprentice, connected with the receiving
commerce to these insupportable embarrassmentse will ship on, the Boston station, is now completely rigged, and
commrceto teseinspporabl emarrasmetsfully manned by forty-five apprentices in the United States
America has chosen a different part, She rer,els this geni Navy, and is ready for a cruise in the Bay. She is a lovely
eral police of the ocean which England woul;.l assume. She little craft, a miniature man o-war, and is commanded by
pretends to be sole mistress over her own, b'y sea as well as aihiogmastr F W. man who i a admiray
by and Sh wil nverlowr hr sar.p~nlp~ h~n,>> Sailingmaater F. W. M00RES, a gentleman who is admira-
by land. She will never lower her star.sI'anglcd banner be- bly qualified for this service, being able to instruct hisjuve-
fore the usurping cross of England.
I do not permit myself to doubt that, in the xiting ir- nile crew in every branch of seamanship, and also to teach
cumstances, France will do, in this r',spect, what her inter- them duties of a more elevated charaater.-Bostonu ournal.
ests and her honor prescribe.
It would be a spectacle truly sublime to see France and FATAL ACCIDENT.--On Wednesday last, David Pitte,
the United States vindicating thu liberty of the seas, mena- a very worthy man, aged 55 years, and well known as a vet-
cod by the grasping ambition of England, and this, in the eran fisherman and a sportsman among the Islands, was up-
face of the shameful stupefaction of the rest of Europe. set in his boat in Boston harbor, and drowned.
But if France should flinch from this noble task, the Uni-
ted States would undertake it alone. Alone. they wounn ATTEMPTED SOICIDE AND DESTaUCTION o' PROPRRTY.-
withstand the aggressions of England. Alone would thely, This morning we visited the ruins of Frederick Smith's gro-
enjoy the glory of defending the rights ba eof America as d cery. The following we believe to be the state of the facts:
of Europe. Last night, between 11 and 12 o'clock, Smith was seem load-
The gallant American Navy, proud of its past victor# as ing his pistols in his room. Nothing further was known till
burns to combat once again for the maintenance of mariti me the crash of the explosion aroused the neighborhood. On
independence entering the ruins the store was discovered to be on fire in
They impute to the United States the design of con tinu- several places, and Smith found awfully burned, brit alive.
ng and protecting the slave trade. The accusation is false He was sensible when we spoke to him about six o't',ock, but
and calumnious. It is under cover of this impiltatio, a that could not converse. It appears that he brought the keg of
England would endeavor to throw discredit on 'as, ar ,d con- powder into the store yesterday, and, in firing tihbe building,
ceal from the eyes of the world her real objects o T'ne slave the powder exploded before he had left for his room baek,
trade is forbidden by our laws; we ourselves will execute where undoubtedly he contemplated the rash act of suicide.
these when they are violated ; we ourselves v sill guard the [Indianapolis Sentinel, Apri 26.
honor of our own flag, and will not suffer E gland to med-
dle inl the matter. Tg TENDER PASSION AND HARD BOILED EGGS.-I-t is re-
England seems disposed to set up a pro pagandet, of the ated in a Boston paper that an amorous youth living" in the
fanaticism of philanthropy. She reproaches r,s with th,' avery beautiful country thereabouts, having been jilted by the ob-
that exists in the States of the South. Ve .-y well; if that is feet of his affection, was advised to eat hard boiled eg gs as
her plan, we Americans can try our hand "AS political mission- an antidote to his grief and mortification. The eggs acted
arises, interpolating our democracy into t'he law of nations, to a charm. They lay so heavy upon his stomach that he
and preaching equality, independence, democracy, and insur- for got the weight upon his heart. This treatment has its
reaction, to the hundred millions of white slaves who crouch ana logics in medical practice every day, and simple as it is,
under the sceptre of Queen Victoria. the ,iscoverer merits that famous goose, which -was wont to
In fine, rely upon it, sir, that the Urtited States vvill never lay g olden eggs, as a reward for his benefaction to all lov,3-
yield this pretended right of search to any foreign nation, sick ,.wains.-Philadelphlio American.
We will never do it, never. We do not desire war, but war
a thousand times sooner than submiission to these arrogant Eight en boxes, containing statues and blocks of tone,
pretensions of England. gathered among the ruins in the peninsular of 'Yucatan, were
I pray you to accept the assurance of my respect, brought to New Orleans on board oftheschooier Litchf eld,
C, CUSA-ING, from Ca- peachy, on the ilst ult.
FROM RHODE ISLAND.
The accounts last published by us reached up
to two o'clock of Tuesday, at which time the Suf-
frage House of Representatives, after having elect-
ed its Speaker and Clerks, had taken a recess to
allow a committee to go through the ceremony of
counting the votes thrown by their own party for
Senators and officers of the State Government, as
hey desire it to be established under their new
On re-assembling in the afternoon, both Houses
)f the illegitimate Assembly were organized, and
Mr. DORaR, their candidate, having been duly in-
stalled as Governor, read his own message to the
Assembly, which is certainly a document of ample
ength. We shall say nothing at present of the
nature of its doctrines, which might, however, be
readily inferred from what has already transpired
of the movements of the party with which its au-
thor is associated.
When the reading of the message had been con-
cluded, a series of resolutions were adopted, to
the effect that the President of the United States,
the two Houses of Congress, and the Legislatures
of the several States, be notified by the Governor
of the organization of the Government. An act
was then passed repealing the law for the punish-
ment of offences against the sovereign power of
the State, which was passed by the legal Assembly
at its late extra session. A resolution was next
passed requesting the Governor to issue his pro-
clamation requiring of civil and military officers
and others obedience to the present Government;
and another directing the sheriff of Providence
county to prepare the State House for the use of
the General Assembly ; after which both Houses
adjourned to meet at nine o'clock on the following
LATER-By last night's mail we have later news,
to.0, Wednesday night. All remained quiet, and both
Governments were in operation.
The lawful Government met at Newport on
Wednesday, and was organized with the usual
'orm and ceremony. After the organization was
completed the two houses separated, and a reso-
ution was offered in the House making a requi-
sition upon the President for his interference by
reclamationn, or otherwise if necessary,which final-
y passed both Houses-in the Senate unanimous-
y, and in the House by 56 to 6. They then ad-
ourned until the next morning.
DANIEL BROWN, one of the Representatives in
the Suffrage Assembly from Newport, had been
arrested on the charge of treason, and admitted to
sail in the sum of $10,000.
Some of the Locofoco papers are censuring the
Whigs in Congress for refusing to refund to Gen.
JACKSON the fine imposed upon him by Judge
HALL, of Louisiana. These attacks of the Loco-
fbco press lose all their force (if they otherwise
had any) when it is remembered that these very
gentlemen held undisputed sway in the adminis-
tration of the Government for a long term of years,
and yet during the whole period never once thought
if paying back Ihis fine. With what grace, then,
can they ask of a Whig Congress what they re-
fused .to do themselves? They were prodigal
enough of the public treasure in other matters-
why did they deny Gen. JACKSON the one or two
thousand dollars which they claim to be his due ?
[Albany Daily Adv.
TExAs AND MExIco.-A paper printed in Me-
rida, Yucatan, and called "The Nineteenth Cen-
tury," furnishes the annexed statement of the
causes which have led to the raising of so large a
military force in Mexico:
"General Parades is the most powerful antagonistof Santa
Anna. Santa Anna has lost the election in the departments
of Mexico, Guanajulo, San Luis, Aguascalientas, Sonora,
Valladolid, and Jaliico. These States, with the exception of
the first, all act in concert with Gen. Paredes, who com-
mands the forces in the last mentioned State: in that of Mex-
ico, D. Juan J. Andrade is in command, and the Generals
Guitierror, Galindo, Juvera, and another not recollected
command in the rest.
Paredes is in favor of the re-establishment ofthe Federal
institutions, to which Santa Anna is opposed. His party is
augmented in numbers by the partisans of Bustamente and
the clergy, by whom he is despised in consequence of his
attempts surreptitiously to possess himself of the property in
The Government authorized Paredes to raise in the
States before mentioned a limited military force: but this
General, abusing that authority, and exceeding his orders,
raised and enlisted to the enormous number of 15,000 men,
well appointed and disciplined, with which he intends to force
Santa Anna to fulfil the promises he has made to the people,
and in which promises he is also implicated. This has caused
the President ad interim, whose views do not seem to accord
with those of Paredes and his party, hastily to augment his
forces; so that in Mexico alone he has 10,000 men, the
greater part assembled together without discipline, and con.
fined in convents in that capital and in those of the adjacent
towns, such as St. Angel, where they are guarded by corps
of confidential troops, to prevent desertion, which, notwith-
standing all these precautions, cannot be prevented."
FROM UPPER RED RIVER.
ALEXANDRIA, (LA.) APRIL 23.
We have had at our landing this week four steamboats
from Fort Towson and the landings above, viz. the Relief,
the Waverley, the Houma, and the Harrisburg. They were
a freighted with cotton (mostly of Texas growth) and deer
skins. The Relief had been above the Raft since December
last, detained a great part of the time by the low stage of
Every thing was represented as peaceable and quiet on the
frontier-no Indian disturbances, and nothing known of the
SOLDIERS FOR THE FRONTIER.-Six companies U. S. In-
fantry, recently ordered from Jefferson Barracks (Mo ) to
Fort Towson, passed our town yesterday morning on their
way up the river. They left Jefferson Barracks (some 18
miles below St. Louis) on board steamers chartered to con-
vey them to their destination, on the 16th instant. The dra-
goons, who are ordered to the same vicinity, we learned, are
crossing over by land.
There were 800 of the infantry who passed here, and we
have never seen a body of soldiers of better appearance.
[Red River Whig.
On Thursday last an'old man, by the name of Shirter, a
resident of Poughkeepsie, aged 86 years, committed suicide
by cutting his throat.
MoB LAW.-Mr. REVEL, a Spaniard, from Havana, and
captain in the merchant service, being on his way from New
Orleans to the North, was recently threatened with lynching,
near Columbus, Georgia, merely because he was suspected of
being a Mexican. He made his escape, and wandered through
the country secretly for some days, until he reached the town
of Franklin, where he claimed protection.
This outrage deserves public reprobation from every friend
of justice and decency. Our Government is at peace with
Mexico, and our citizens are in the enjoyment of a profitable
trade with that country. We may not fancy the government
of SANTA ANNA, nor the general character of the Mexicans,
but to mob any man because he is suspected of having the
good or ill fortune of having been born in any particular
country, is a height of absurdity and cruelty unbecoming any
people pretending to civilization, christianity, or common
PHILADELPHIA, MAY 5.
EXTENSIVE OPERATION SPOILED.-Yesterday two men,
named George W. Henderson, a machinist, and John F.
Johnson, a cabinetmaker, were committed by the Mayor on
the charge of being engaged in counterfeiting bank notes.
It appears that a few days since officer James Young received
information from an engraver employed by Johnson to furnish
him a steel plate, who accordingly set him to work to find
out the parties.
He succeeded in tracing Johnson to the place of the opera-
tion, in an alley running south from Walnut street below
Fifth, where Henderson had his residence, and where were
found a large quantity of the necessary apparatus for the
prosecuting an extensive business; among which was a first
rate transferring press, printing press, dies, copperplates, &c.
Johnson is said to be a man of some properly; and, from the
preparations, they no doubt intended to drive a heavy busi-
ness in financiering.-Sentinel.
LITTLE RoC K, (ARKANSAS,) APRIL 20.
Maj. Gen. E. P. GAINES, commanding the southwestern
division of the U. S. Army, left here on Wednesday morn-
ing last on the steamboat John Jay, arrived at Van Buren on
Friday morning, and probably reached Fort Smith on the
Colonel BOMPORD and Captain MORDECAI, of the U. S.
Ordnance Department, who arrived here on Wednesday
morning last for the purpose of inspecting the U. S. Arsenal,
having accomplished the object of their visit, left the same
evening on the steamboat Herschel on their return down the
LATEST FROM FLORIDA.
SAVANNAH, MAY 2.
The steamer Charleston, Captain-BARDEN, arrived on Sat-
urday from Pilatka, but from some cause we did not receive
any letters from our regular correspondents. From several
private letters, the perusal of which we have been favored
with, we learn that Halleck Tustenuggee, as we expected,
has been overhauled by the troops in the vicinity of the Okee-
humkee. Three successive brushes were had with this war-
rior about the 20th ultimo. Our accounts, differ somewhat
as to the particulars. One letter says: "One Indian killed,
one taken prisoner, and much blood-letting;" thereby indi.
rating others wounded. A another letter says: "Col. WORTH
was with the troops in person. Sergeant COOPER, of the 2d
Dragoons, (Captain KER'S company,) and one soldier, were
killed, and several others wounded. Halleck has retired over
the Ocklawaha, and will doubtless secrete himself, if possible,
about the St. John's. The whole force is in pursuit of him
as fast as it can move through hammock and tangled vine."
SAVANNAH, MAY 2-12 M.
By the steamer Newbern, Captain McNILTY, arrived yes-
terday morning from Pilatka, we have the important intelli-
gence that Halleck Tustenuggee has come in once more, in
order to have an interview with Colonel WORTH. This took
place a few hours alter the late battle in the neighborhood of
the Ocklawaha. His warriors suffered severely in that en-
gagement, and he now proposes to surrender. He has again
gone out to bring his people in-some sixty or seventy, in-
cluding at least twenty warriors. Colonel WORTH has given
him the assurance that he shall be made a Chief, which, to-
gether with some other inducements held out to him, leave no
room to dqubt that he is sincere. In short, he has been hotly
pursued for months past by our indefatigable troops, and is
reduced to extremity.
The surrender of Halleck virtually finishes the war. Sam
Jones and the Prophet are still at the south, but they have
not been near the settlements nor committed murders for a
long time. They pretend to observe Gen. Macomb's treaty.
Halleck has sent a messenger to them, and there is every
reason to believe that the war is at an end. We speak on the
authority of intelligent officers who came in the Newborn,
who have been for years campaigning it in Florida, when
we state that the next arrival will bring us the gratifying in-
telligence that the war is concluded.
One of the officers whom we conversed with was in the
late skirmish with Halleck, which is represented as a sharply-
contested affair. Captain CASEY's company, which was most
warmly engaged, had been in hot pursuit ever since the 4th
of March. Halleck had disposed his troops perfectly for the
combat, and waited till the attacking party had extended in
light.infantry order, and advanced to within fifty yards. He
retreated three different times, in good order, from hammock
MEXICO AND TEXAS.
FROM THE NEW ORLEANS BULLETIN, APRIL 28.
We have ever had our doubts whether General ARISTA had
authority or orders from Government for his marauding ex-
cursion to San Antonio. Our impression has been, that he
undertook the enterprise upon his own hook, through a spirit
of bravado, and in the vain hope of acquiring distinction as
the invader of Texas. Late advices from Mexico, mention-
ed in the Courier of yesterday, lend confirmation to the views
thus expressed by us. It seems that SANTA ANNA is far from
approving the daring adventure of General ARIsTA. So great
is his displeasure that the removal of that officer is deter-
mined on, and General WALL has been ordered to the fron-
tier to take the command in his place. In what manner
ARISTA will be disposed to submit to this disgrace remains to
be seen. But it would not be surprising if the affair should
end in trouble, as the General has a large fierce under him,
and might place himself at the head of a rebellion in the
West that the Government would not find it easy to quell.
In a few days we shall hear the result.
The U. S. ship of the line Ohio has been moored off the
end of Long wharf, Boston, where she is to remain as receiv-
ing ship during the summer.
A singular accident lately befell Major T. S. BURNHAM, of
Burlington, Iowa, which will probably cost him his life. He
was on a hunting excursion, and at night lighted a fire at the
foot of a tree, near which he lay down to sleep. The fire
burned through the tree, which fell, and came across his body.
A fellow lately escaped from the jail in Keene, (N. H.)
and was taken a short time after in Arlington, Vermont.
His captors were proceeding to jail with him when they were
met by two men from Charlestown in pursuit. These men
purchased the prisoner of his captors for $150, thinking to get
the reward of $200 offered for his apprehension. They stopped
at Landsgrove for the night, and secured the fugitive with a
heavy timber chain, and set two large dogs to watch him.
They also resolved to watch him themselves, but about two
o'clock both men and dogs fell asleep, and the fellow slily
crept out, cut off his shackles with an axe, and cleared.
The editor of the Claremont E1gle, who tells the story, says
he should like to have seen the fellows the next morning who
forked over the hundred and fifty dollars.-Lowell Courier.
On the 4th instant, by the Rev. Mr. BACKUS, HENRY
C. MAYER to MARY L ,daughter ofJAMES W. McCoL-
0j No Preaching at the Capitol on Sunday next.-
There being some uncertainty whether the Hall of the House of
Representatives will be in a condition to be occupied on Sunday
next, it is deemed expedient, in order to prevent disappointment,
to notify those who are interested that the services at the Capitol
will be pretermitted on Sabbath morning, may 7
y- We are requested to state that Mr. Braham,
assisted by his Son, will give a second Concert at the Assembly
Rooms on Monday evening next. may 7
jj Notice.-Doctor PARKER, who has spent several years
in China, will, by request, repeat his statement on the Moral
Condition and Prospects of China," in the P street Presbyterian
Church, on Sunday afternoon, at 4 o'clock. The Public are in
vited to attend. may 7
fU National Institution for the Promotion of Scl-
ence.-A stated meeting of the Department of Natural His
tory will be held at the Hall of the Institution this evening, at 8
may 7 A. H. DERRICK, Secretary.
gI: NOTICE.-The citizens of the First Ward are partic-
ularly requested to meet on Monday evening, the 91h instant, at
8 o'clock, in the room over the West Market, as business of
considerable Interest will be offered for their consideration. By
the request of many citizens of the Ward. may 7-2t
n A stated meeting of the Columbia Typogra-
phlcal Society will be held this (Saturday) evening at 8
o'clock, at Mr. Buckingham's room onC street, opposite the City
may 7 A. T. CAVIS, Secretary.
f- Columbia Artillery.-Attention I-You are hereby
notified to meet at your Armory for parade en Monday, the 9th
instant, at 9 o'clock A. M., with white pantaloons.
By order of the Captain :
may 7 JAMES HOLOHAN, 0. S.
3 rThe Rev. Mr. Busihyhead, of thle Cherokee tribe
of Indians, will preach in the Baptist Church, Tenth street, on
Sunday evening next, at half past 7 o'clock, when he will give
an account of the moral condition of the Aborigines of this Con-
tinent, the progress of the Gospel among them, and their pros-
pects for the future. may 7
N O'I'ICE.-This is to give notice that the subscriber has
obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington county,
in the District of Columbia, letters testamentary on the personal
estate of Henry Aukward, late of Washington county, deceased.
All persons having claims against the deceased are hereby warn-
ed to exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof, to the subscri-
ber, on or before the 6th day of May next; they may otherwise by
law be excluded from all benefit of said estate.
Given under my hand this 6th day of May, 1842.
may 7-w3w Executor with will annexed.
REe1STER'S OFFICE, Washington, May 6, 1842.
A SSIZE OF BREAD.-Prico of Superfine Flour $6 50
to $7. In consequence of the sudden rise in the price of
Superfine Flour in the county of Washington the weight of bread
sold in the city during the week ending the 13th instant is re-
quired by law to be-
For a single loaf 21 ounces
For a double loaf 42 ounces
C. H. WILTBERGER,
THE SPLENDID VIRGINIA LOTTERY DRAWS:
14 drawn numbers out of 75.
I prize of $30,00) I 1 prize of $2,500
1 do of 10,000 I do of 2,000
1 do of 6,000 1 do of 1,900
1 do of 5,000 10 prizes of 1,500
1 do of 4,000I 15 do of 600
1 do of 3,000 20 do of 500, &c.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Q.uarters 82 50.
THE MARYLAND LOTTERY.
To be drawn at 6 o'clock P. M.
$4,000-$2,000-$1,000-2 of $500, &c.
Tickets only $1-Halves 50 cents.
For sale by
J. G. GREGORY & CO. Managers,
Next door east of Gadsby's Hotel,
may 7-It Washington city.
* .';* -?'.-<^
W R. G. KNOOGS, with the assistance of Mad. Dz GotI,
will give a grand VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CON-
CERT, at the Apollo Hall, on Monday evening, May 9.
L OST.-At the Assembly Rooms on Thursday evening last,
a Gold Bracelet, set with a blue stone. The finder will
confer a great favor by returning it to this office, and receive a
suitable reward If required. may 7-3t
PILGRIMS' CELEBRATION AT ST. MARY'.S,
mm Steamer CHESAPEAKE will leave George-
-town at 1 o'clock, Washington at 3 o'clock,
-S s and Alexandria at 4 o'clock P. M. Mon
udaythe 9th instant, and arrive at St. Mary's
early the next morning; returning, the boat
will leave St. Mary's the same evening and arrive in Washington
the next morning. Passage and fare, $5. The Chesapeake has
a fine commodiws ladies' cabin, ind can accommodate a number
Having chartered the Chesapeake for the Norfolk route, she
will leave Washington for Norfolk every Friday morning at
9 o'clock. Passage and fare, $5.
I hope the Public will not forget their old friend.
may 7 JAMES MITCHELL.
H HOUSE AND LOT FOR SALE.--The two-story
frame house on Massachusetts avenue, between 6th andt
7th streets, lately occupied by Mr. Win. Hoover, containing 8
rooms, having a brick smoke-house in the yard and a good gar-
den attached to it, and a pump of excellent water at the door.
Situated in a respectable neighborhood and a most rapidly improv-
ing part of the city, will be sold at a price to yield 12 to 15 per
cent, per annum upon its cost. For terms, &e. apply to
may 7-eo3tif JOHNSON & CALLAN, P'ltreet.
VALUABLE PROPERTY FOR SALE.- I wsh
to sell the House and Lot adjoining the Assembly Rooms,
now occupied by Mr. Douglass as a tavern. If not s ld at private
sale before the tat of June, it will on that day be offered at public
aiuction,at 12 o'clock M. on terms which wiUll be then made known.
For sale, also, a Farm in Montgomery county, between 10 and
1 miles from Washington, adjoining the lands of Messrs. Levi &
Win. Offut. A good bargain offered. Apply to
may 7-eo3t JOSEPH FORREST.
UBLIC SALE.-The subscriber will offer at auc-
tion, at Candler's Tavern, at Darnestown, in Montgomery
county, Maryland, on the 9th day of May next, at 1 o'clock P. M.
2591 acres of land, part of Springfield, In said county, of which
about 100 acres are heavily wooded with oak and hickory. This
land adjoins the part of Springfield lately purchased by Messrs.
Magruder; is of good quality, distant about half mile from Seneca
Mills, and binding on the roads leading from said Mills to Darnmes-
town and ts Georgetown, and is of convenient access to the canal,
by which a ready market can be had for the wood and other pro-
ducts of the land.
Terms are : One-fourth of the purchase money to be paid in
hand and the residue in three equal yearly payments, with inter-
est on the whole amount, payable yearly, from the day of sale,
and to be secured by the purchaser's bond, with approved security
and a lien on the land. On full payment of the purchase money
and interest an indisputable title will be given.
If the terms of sale are not complied with in three days, the
right is reserved to resell, at the purchaser's risk and cost, at
auction, for cash or on any credit, after one week's advertisement.
april 19-d3t&wts CLEMENT COX, Agent.
UBLIC SALE.-Immediately after the above sale, the
subscriber will offer at auction at the same place, a valuable
farm, containing 3201 acres, in Montgomery county, Maryland,
situate on the road leading from Darnestown to Rockville, about
three miles from the former and six miles from the latter place,
being now in the tenancy of Mr. Samuel Briggs. This farm is
represented to be of fair quality ; it includes from 60 to 80 acres of
valuable woodland, chestnut, oak, and hickory, and has on it a
two-story dwelling and other improvements. If desired by the
bidders, it may be subdivided.
Terms of sale are, one-fifth of the purchase money to be paid
in cash and the residue in four equal half-yearly payments, with
interest on the whole amount, payable half-yearly, from the day
of sale. On full payment of the purchase money and interest an
indisputable title will be given.
If the terms of sale are not compiled with in three days, the
right is reserved to re-sell at auction, for cash or on any credit, at
the purchaser's risk and cost, after one week's previous adver-
tisement. CLEMENT COX, Agent.
apr 19-d3t&wts (Rockville paper)
Sale This Day.
SALE OF HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, RAI-
SINS, &c.-This morning, at 10 o'clock, we shall sell, in
front of our auction store, a lot of second-hand Furniture, belong-
ing to a parson removing from the city, such as-
Mahogany Sideboards, Settee and Cushions, Lounge Chair
Do dining and breakfast Tables
China and cut Glass, plated Candlesticks, Castors, Lamps
Carpets, 3 Refrigerators, Looking-glasses, &c,
Bedsteads, Beds, and Mattresses
Toilet Tables, Bureaus, and Chairs generally
And some Kitchen utensils.
Also, 25 boxes best Bunch Raisins, and 10 boxes Brown Soap.
Terms cash. ROBERT W. DYER & CO.
may 7 Auctioneers.
S LAVE AT AUCTION.-On Saturday, the 7th instant,
at 10 o'clock, we shall sell at the Washington county Jail,
a Negro Man, slave for life. A good field hand, and about flfty
years of age. Terms cash. Sale positive.
R. W. DYER & CO.
may 6-2t1 Auctioneers.
VALUABLE PROPERTY IN THe FIRbT
V AND SECOND WARDS AT AUCTION.-Oh
Saturday evening next, the 7th of May, at half past 6 o'clock, we
shall sell, on very liberal terms, the following valuablee lots, viz.
Lots Nos. 1, 22,23, and 24, of the subdivision in square No. 127,
as laid down on the plan of the city, situated on and near the
corner of H street north and 17th street west, in the First Ward.
And lots Nos. 21, 22, and 23, in square No. 286, fronting on the
south side of K street north, and opposite Franklin Row, in the
Sale of all the lots to take place on the premises, in the First
Wa Terms sale. R. W. DYER & 00.
".-.* "4 .&* :
NATIONAL JOCKEY CLUB RACES.
L T1IS'DAY'S RACE.
There will be two.ices to-day, and much fine sport is ex-
pected. The first is a sweepstake for 3 year olds, subscripd
tion $200, forfeit $100. Three fine horses are entered to run,
by Mr. Kendall, Mr. Allricks, and Mr. Wilson.
The second race is for a lady's puree of $00, two mile heats.
Eight horses have been entered, and will contend for the
purse. Mr. Worthington, Mr. Doswell, Mr. Puckett,
Mr. Holmead, (who enters Hotspur, out of General Hun-
ter's Captain,) Mr. McCargo, Col. Townes,.Cwl. Thomp-
son, and Mr. W. H. Watson are the endorsers of the day4
The Course yesterday presented a very brilliant and abi-
mated appearance; a brilliant assemblage of ladies graced
the turf-an unusually large number of members of Congress,
and most of the high dignitaries of Government, and the
foreign Ministers aRd their families were present. ,
Time yesterday.-lst heat, 801; 2d heat, 7t4a, won by
Eutaw, beating Lady Washington in a close contest.
OFFICE OF THE MD. & N. YORK IRON AND COAL Co.
MOrNT SAVAGE, APRIL 2, 1842.
Messrs. GALES & SEATON: In your paper of the 20 h in-
stant, I see an article copied from the Alleghanian, in which
it is mentioned that the Mount Savage Company had l.i,'pe.l
their furnace in consequence of the failure of the Legislaiture
of the State of Maryland to make an approprination fui me
completion of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal to Cumber.
land, they being dependent on it for the means of conveying
their iron-to market. This is incorrect. The Maryland aid
New York Iron and Coal Company are fully aware of the
advantages which will accrue to their establishment individ-
ually from the speedy completion of this canal, but at the
same time do not depend upon it for their means of commu-
nication with the seaboard. For this, they confidently look
forward to the opening of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad to
Cumberland, early in the autumn of this year; at or before
which period they will have their two blast furnaces, with
the rolling mill and its appendages, in complete operation;
The time when one or both furnaces will be blown in will
depend on the progress made by the railroad company, as, un-
til the means of transportation can be reckoned upon within
a limited period, the Mount Savage company are unwilling
to increase their stock of pig iron (now amounting to 1,000
tons, from a four months blast) to the extent which would
be unavoidable from the great yield of the furnaces. The
amount of iron taken from the one furnace during the last
four weeks was 334 tons. The greater part founders' pig.
From this it will be seen how rapidly two furnaces would
accumulate the iron. The insertion of this will much oblige,
Your obedient servant,
HENRY T. WELD.
Messrs. EDITORS: With reference to the communication in
your paper of this morning, signed Citiz-n," it may be pto-
per to observe that his assumed number of the Faculty and
Students of Georgetown College and invited guests, to be
taken in the steamer Columbia down the Potomac, on Mon-
day next, to the St. Mary's celebration, is greatly overrated;
and that, including them, not more would be received on
board, under any circumstances, than about two hundred-a
number which, in that commodious boat, can be comfortably
MAY 6, 1841. W.G.
SQU&rTING, OR OBLIQUITIES Or THE EYEB.-Dr. CROSSMAN,
of Philadelphia, has been called to Washington for the pur-
pose of performing some operations on the eyes. He is said
to be the most successful and adroit operator living for obli-
quities and deformities of that organ, and to have cured up-
wards of six hundred persons. The operation is simple and
trifling, lasting about three seconds in his hands. Persons
Wishing more information can see the Doctor at Bruwn'a
IHotel, where he will be for a few days.
WASHINOTON, MAY 6, 1842. A.
Mr. THAYER'S BENEFIT,
And positively the last night of London Assurance.
THIS EVENING, MAY 7,
Will be presented the successful Comedy of
To conclude with the laughable farce of
In which Mr. LAMBERT, Mr. THAYER, Miss REYNOLDS, and Mrs.
KN:OHT will appear.
BY THE 1PRSIOENT OF THE UNITED STATES
R1S PURSUANCE OF LAW, [,.JWN TvYLER, President
Sof the United States of America, U hereby declare and
inake known that public sales will be held at the under-
mnentioned Land Offices, in the Siate of Illinois, at the pe-
Tiods hereinfler designated, to wit
At the Land Office at DixoN, commencir g on Monday, the
thirtieth day of May next, for the disposal of the public lands
'within the limits of the unJermenlioned toesnsbhip, to wit:
Northaof the bass lie,,and easl of tbefourth principal meridian.
Township twenty-one, ol range sie.
Township twenty-one, of range seven.
Townships twenty-two, twenty-three, twenty-five, and twenty-
reven, of range eight.
Townships twenty-two, twenty-five, and twenty-seven, of range
Tewnships twenty-three, twenty-five, and twenty-eight, of
Townships twenty-five and twenty-eight, of range eleven.
Also, at the sAameplac, commencing on Monday, the twen-
tieth day of June next, for the disposal'of the public lands
within the'limits of the undermentioned townships, to wit:
North of the base line, and east of the 4thpr-ncipal meridian
Township twenty, of range six.
Township twenty two, of range seven.
Townships twenty-one, twenty-four, and twenty-six, of range
Townships twenty-three and twenty six, of range nie.
Townships twenty-two, twenty-four, and twenty-six, of range
Townships twenty six and twenty-seven, of range eleven.
Also, the fractional section seventeen, in township seventeenof
range two, west of the fourth principal meridian.
Islands numbered one, two, three, and four, and part of island
number five, lying in Rock river, within the limits of township
forty-three, north of range one, east of the third principal meri-
The east half of the southeast quarter of section seventeen, and
the west half of the southeast quarter of section thirty, in township
thirty-two, of range one, west of the third principal meridian.
At the Land Office at CHICAGo, commencing on Monday,
the sixth day of June next, for the disposal of the public lands
within the limits of the undermentioned townships and frac-
tional townships, to wit:
North of tie base line, and east of the third principal meridian.
Township thirty-eight, of range six.
Township thirty-eight, of range seven.
Townships thirty-eight, thirty-nine, and forty, except the-east
half of the southeast quarter, the east half and northwest quarter
of the northeast quarter, and the north half of the northwest Quar-
ter, in section thiee, in township thirty-nine, orange eight.
Township forty-five and township forty-six, bordering on Wis-
-eonsiln Territory, of range ten.
Townships forty-four anl forty-five, and township forty-six,
bordering on Wisconsin Territory, of range eleven.
Sections one to six, inclusive, in township forty; fractional town-
ship forty-one; the northeast quarter of section ten, in township
forty-three; and fractional townships forty-four, forty-five, and
forty-aik, bordering on Lake Michigan, except the north half of
section seven, in fractional township forty-one, of range twelve.
At the Land Office at KASKASKIA, commencing on Mon-
day, the twenty-seventh day of June next, for the disposal of
the public lands within the limits of the undermentioned
islands, situated in the Mississippi river, viz.
South of the base line, and west of the third principal meridian.
Island number twenty-nine, in township seventeen, of range
one, and townships sixteen and seventeen, of range two.
Island number twenty-eight, in townships sixteen and seven-
teen, of range two.
Island number thirty, in township seventeen, of range two.
Island number eighteen, in towfthips ten and eleven, of ranges
three and four; island number nineteen, in township eleven, of
range four; and an island not numbered, forming parts of Actions
seven and eighteen, in township eleven, of range three ; and sec-
tions twelve and thirteen, in township eleven, of range four.
Island number twenty, in township twelve, of range three, and
townships eleven and twelve, of range four.
Island number twenty-one, in townships twelve and thirteen,
of range three.
Islands number twenty-three and twenty-four, respectively
forming parts of townships thirteen and fourteen, orange three.
Islands number twenty-two and twenty-six, in township six-
teen, of range three ; and island number twenty-seven, in town-
ship sixteen, of ranges two and three.
Island number seventeen, in township nine, of range four.
Island number twenty-five, in township fourteen, of range four.
Island number sixteen, in township eight, of range five.
Island number fifteen, in township seven, of range eight.
Islands number twelve and thirteen, in township six, of range
That part of island number four, forming parts of sections one
and twelve, and islands number five and six, in township one, of
Island number seven, in township two, of range twelve.
Island number eight, in townships two anid three, of ranges ele-
ven and twelve.
Island number eight, in township two, of range eleven.
Island number eleven, in township three, of range eleven.
Islands number nine and ten, respectively forming parts of
townships three and four, of range eleven.
Island number thirty-one, in township four, of range eleven.
Lands appropriated by law for the use of schools, military
or ether purposes, will be excluded from sale.
The sales will each be kept open for two weeks, (unless
the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no longer; and no pri-
vate entries of land in the townships so offered will be admit-
ted until after the expiration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand at the city of Washington, this
twenty-ninth day of January, Anno Domini 184-2.
E. M. HUNTINGTON,
0 Commissioner of the General Land Office.
NOTICE TO PRE-EMPTION CLASIANTS.
Every person claiming the right of pre-emption to land in
any of the townships designated in this Proclamation, in vir-
tue of the provisions of the act ofS22d June, 1838, as extended
and modified by the act of e1st June, 1840, or of the provisions
of the latter act, or that of the 4th September, 1841, each
granting certain privileges to another and different class of
settlers, is requested to prove the same to the satisfaction ot
the Register and Receiver of the proper Land Office, and
make payment therefore as soon as practicable after seeing
this notice, and before the day appointed for the commence-
ment of the public sale of the land as above designated
otherwise such claims will be forfeited.
E. M. HUNTINGTON,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
A TEACHER WISHING TO GO SOUTH.-A
member of the Union Theological Seminary, New York,
wishes a private Tutorship at the South. A situation in a classical
school would be accepted. As the applicant has had a tutorship
in one of the Southern States, he can give the best of testimonials
as to qualification, &c. Address, postage paid, H. T. W., Perth
Amboy, N. J. mar 8-w7tcpt
tiRIST-MILL FOR SALE ORU RENT, situated at
G f Duncan's FPalls, on the Muskingum river, nine miles below
Zinesville, Ohio. A perpetual water-power is furnished by the
State for its supply. Thh building is new, and the machinery is
of the most approved modern construction ; there can be five run
of atone put in operation. The location of the mill is in the cen-
tre of an extensive wheat-growing section of country, affording a
large country custom, and the facilities for taking the merchant-
work to market are good, as steamboats can come up to the mill
at all seasons when the river is not obstructed by ice.
Any individual or company wishing a desirable location for the
milling business can apply to the subscriber, at Zaneaville, Ohio.
mar 1--cp CHARLES G. WILSON
r -'-e THE CITIZENS oP THE DISTRICT.-
--The deservedly high reputation of his Vegetable Anti-Bil-
ious Pills has induced Dr. PETERS to offer to the citizens of this
District hisealebrated MEDICATED LOZENGES, with the ut-
moat confidence that they will be found in all resa ects the most
desirable medicines now in use. They are cheap, convenient,
pleasant to the taste, and more efficacious than any other prepa-
rations. You have here the prescription of an eminent graduate
of Yale College and the medicine besides for 25 cents.
Try them when you are ailing, and you will say the praise be-
stowed by all who have used them is well merited.
PETERS'S COUGH LOZENGES
Are now rapidly superseding all other preparations for the re-
lief of coughs, colds, asthma, hooping cough, catarrh, tightness
of the eheat, bronchitis, and similar pulmonary affections. Taken
in season they infallibly prevent consumption, the most fatal dis-
ease of the age. No other medicine makes such astonishingcures.
PETERS'S WORM LOZENGES
Are acknowledged by the faculty to be the most scientific and
successful preparation for the destruction of worms ever offered
to the public.
Worms cannot exist in contact with these lozenges. We say to
parents, do not be gulled into the use of specifics prepared by ig-
norant quacks, when you have a pleasant an'i sure medicine pre-
pared by one who has made his profession the study of his whole
PETERS'S CORDIAL OR CAMPHOR LOZENGES
Are a specific for the relief of nervous or sick headache, low-
ness of spirits or melancholy, languor and debility, either from
previous disease or too free living; tremors, spasm of the sto-
mach, irritability of the nerves, hyst-rical affectiotie, drowsiness,
cholera doruas, sense of fatigue, and palpitation of the heart.
Prom their efficacy in the relief of headache, they are called by
many the headache lozenge.
Da PErERS'S VEGETABLE PILLS.
Only six years have now elapsed since the introduction of this
valuable medicine, and in that short time they have become the fa-
vorite of all classes, from the highest functionary to the humblest
citizen. To the medical faculty, as well as to all who have used
them, we refer for proof of their extraordinary virtues.
Wholesale Agent for the District of Columbia.
Sold also by Tobias Watkins, and Messrs. Patterson, James, El-
liot, Farquhar & Morgan, Young, and Callan, Washington; G. W.
Sothoronaad'O. M. Linthicum, Georgetown ; and Wm.Stabler,
Alexandrt4e. mar 9-wly
fVIlE thoroughbred turf horse PRINCE GEORGE, by old
JL 11ndustry, his beat son, out of Thistle, the dam of Argyle,
Tecumseh, &c. will atane the ensuing season, commencing the
first ofMarch, ending the last of July, at his owner's farm, near
Goode-Lack Post Office, Prince Georg?'s county, Maryland, fif-
teen miles from Washingion, twenty from Annapolis, and thirty
Prince George Is a beautiful dark bay, without white, is full 16
hands high, perfect 1"rm, and great powers, and is without blem-
Ih in any respect.
Terms: '825 the season for t-red mares. A limited number of
common mares al IO the seaason.
Pedigree in full may Le seen by a reference to the Turf Re-
Good pastiurge at $l a month. Mares grain-fed for 37t cents
per day. Every attention paid to mares, but no liability for acci-
dents or escapes.
fPb-Wtfo s [GQlobe] G, W. DUVALL.
TIRUSTEE'S SALE.-Pursuant to a decree of Montgo-
mery county court, Maryland, sitting in equity, at Novem-
ber term, 1841, in the case of George Peter, surviving executor
of David Peter, against George B. Magruder, John A. Carter,
and others, the subscriber, as trustee, will selkat public auction,
at the house of Benjamin Perry, on the river road, in said county,
and near to the premises, on Saturday, the 21st day of May next,
at 11 o'clock A. M., the following tracts of land, lying in said
Montgomery county, bounding on Potomac river, about nine miles
above Georgetown, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal passing
through the same, to wit:
"Carderrock," containing about 1,7041 acres.
"Hay Park," containing about 40 acres.
"Doul's Discovery," containing about 127 acres.
"Part of James's Park," containing about 147 acres.
"The Perry Landing," containing about 22 acres.
These lands are accessible to improvement by lime, and will be
sold together, or in lots, as may suit purchasers. The lots are
laid off by the county surveyor, and the plates will be shown by
The term1 of sale are, one-third cash on the day of sale, and
the residue in equal payments of six and twelve months, the pur-
chaser or purchasers giving bonds for their deferred payments,
with sureties approved by the trustee, bearing interest from the
day of sale. And on the payment of the whole purchase-money,
and ratification of the sales by the Court, and not before, the
trustee will convey said lands, and all the title therein of com-
plainant and defendants, to the purchaser or purchasers, in fee
If the terms of sale are not complied with within two days
from the day of sale, the trustee, at his option, may resell the said
lands at the risk and expense of the defaulting purchasers, on
public notice in the National Intelligencer at least ton days pre-
vious to such resale. JAMES DUNLOP,
ap 27--eocp Trustee.
AGENCY AT WASHiINGTON.-JAMES H. CAUS-
TEN, (late of Baltimore,) having made this city his perma-
nent residence, will undertake, with his accustomed zeal and dil-
igence, the settlement of claims generally; and more particularly
claims before Congress, against the United States, or the several
Departments thereof, and before any Board of Commissioners that
may be raised for the adjustment of spoliation or other claims.
He has now in charge the entire class arising out of French spo-
liations prior to theyear 18t0 ; with reference to which, in addi-
tion to a mass of documents and proofs in his possession, he has
access to those in the archives of the Gqvernment.
Claimants and pensioners on the navy fund, &c. bounty lands,
return duties, &c. &c. and those requiring life insurance, can
have their business promptly attended to by letter, (post paid,)
and thus relieve themselves from an expensive and inconvenient
Having obtained a commission of Notary Public, he is prepared
to furnish legalized copies of any required public documents or
other papers. He has been so long engaged in the duties of an
agent, that it can only be neceasarry now to say that economy and
prompt attention shall be extended to all business confided to his
care ; and that, to enable him to render his services and facili-
ties more efficacious, he has become familiar with all the forms
Office on F street, near the new Treasury Building.
XECUTOR'S SALE oft Valuable atnd Desirable
Fauquier Lando--On Tuesday, the 28th day of June,
(if fair, if not tire next fair day,) I will offer for sale on the premi-
ses, the fract of land belonging to the estate of the late Samuel
Fisher, containing about seven hundred and twenty-five acres.
This land, intersected by the Falmouth and Dumfries roads, is
iu a healthy and fertile region, about two miles below the flourish-
ing village of Warrenton, and five or six from the White Sulphur
Springs. It is well adapted to clover and plaster, and in a high
state of cultivation and improvement.
I will sell the whole in a body, or divide it into three tracts, as
Between the Falmouth and Dumfries roads there are about
three hundred and fifty acres; on which is the mansion-house,
with the necessary outbuildings, and a commodious barn and sta-
bles. More than 100 acres of this tract arc well timbered.
On the Turkey Run side of the Falmouth road are 240 acres;
on which is a grist mill, in good repair. 100 acres of this are
heavily timbered, 40 or 60 in fine meadow, and the remainder in
bluegrass and clover.
On the opposite side of theDumfries road are one hundred and
thirty-five acres. This part of the farm has received less atten-
ition than the other two divisions, consequently is not in so high a
state of cultivation; but from the character ofthe soil it is sus-
ceptible of easy and rapid improvement. On this likewise is an
abundance of timber, and a large quantity of valuable pine.
All of these tracts are well watered.
Terms of sale: A credit of one, two, and three years, with in-
terest from the first day of January, 1843, at which time posses-
sion will be given, the purchaser having the privilege of seeding
in the fall. Bond, satisfactory security, and a deed of trust, will
be required to secure the payments.
11, Persons wishing to examine the Farm will call on the exe-
cutor, living in Warrenton, who will show them the land and its
SAMUEL B. FISHER,
Executor of Samuel Fisher, deceased.
M cALLISTER & CO., No. 48, Chestnut street, Phi-
ladelphida, have constantly for sale a great variety of
Spectacles, Optical and Mathematical Instruments, Walking
Canes, Stay Glasses, Thermometers, &c.-The best attention is
given to the quality of all articles sold at their establishment, and
particular care is taken that no glasses are fitted in their specta-
cles but those that are ground with true and correct smirfaces,
and are free from veins and other imperfections which so often
tend to impair the sight of the wearer. Among their assortment
will be found-
Gold and silver Spectacles of every description
Fine watch spring or blue steeled Spectacles
Do do do single temple, for ladies' use
Common steel Spectacles
Solid gold and gold plated hand Spectacles, for use at church
Solid gold and gold plated Eye Glasses
Tortoise shell and blued steel Eye Glasses
Wire Gauze Spectales and Goggles, called Spark Catchers
Microscopes, single and compound, in great variety
Cabinets of Test Objects for Microscopes
Horn and Plated Goggles
Spy Glasses for the pocket
Do for ships and astronomical purposes
Magic Lanterns of the best construction, hor the use of Semi-
Astronomicalt Scripture, Temperance, and Humorous Slides for
the use ofseminaries, a large assortment
Prismatic Lenses for do
Diagonal Mirrors for viewing pictures
Prints for do
Cylindrical, Convex, and Concave Mirrors
em of Mathematical Instruments of superior quality for En-
gineers made of Electrum, in mahogany and rosewood cases
Drawing instruments, ia mahogany and fish skin cases, for
Instruments separate from the cases, viz. Plain and Hair Di-
viders, Bow Pens, Drawing Pens, Protractors, Parallel Rules,
Ivory Scales, Triangles, Squares, Gunter's Scales, &c. &c.
The most complete assortment of Walking Canes that can be
ound in the United States, the woods of every variety, and the
heads of the neatest and most chaste kinds, of entirely new pat-
terns, made of solid gold and silver, plain, chased, and carved;
also, plain ivory and agate heads.
The above articles can be had by retail or wholesale atthe very
lowest prices, and the workmanship warranted to be done in the
best manner and neatest style, ap 16-eolOt
ROUT AND MATHER'S PRINTING INK.-
Just received from New York, Book and News Ink, from
30 cents to $1 per lb. Also, Type Cases, Brass Rule, Composing
Sticks, &c. Always on hand and for sale at New York prices.
april 8 corner of llth street and Penn. avenue.
ISCELLANIES OF LITERATURE, in 3 vols
S by D'lsraeli, author of Curiosities of Literature. Jus
published, are this day received for sale by F. TAYLOR.
UPERIOR STATION ER Y.-The subseriberhas late-
ly received from New York a large supply of cut glass
Inkstands, Wafers, Sealing Wax, Rodgers's Cutlery, and fancy
Stationery, which will be sold, wholeasle and retail, atNewYork
prices. Also, about fifty kinds of Steel Pens, consisting of the
Perryan, Windle's, Gillotu's, Chance's, Levy's, &c. which will
be sold at much lower prices than formerly.
nov 1 Corner of 1 th street and Penn. av.
TFHE LOWELL MONTHLY.-The Lowell Onler-
S ihg, a monthly magazine, consisting of original papers
written exclusively by females employed in the mills and facto-
ries at Lowell; published for $t per annum. Subscriptions re-
reived at F. TAYLOR'S bookstore, where the woik may be ex-
amined, mar 7
+ +, + .
A CARD.-A person who has had much experience in teach-
ing, with ample testimonials, is desirous of a situation in a
school or family, or as an assistant in an institution. Address A.
B., care ofWm. M. Morrison, Esq., Washington, D. G.
P LIB LIC SALE.-I,.: c.,.,- rt.cr nil c'l.r a' om.:-
tion, at Candler's Tavern, at Darnestown, in Montgomery
county, Maryland, on the 9th day of May next, at 1 o'clock P. M.
2591 acres of land, part of Sprmingfield, in said county, of which
about 100 acres are heavily wooded with oak and hickory. This
land adjoins the part of Springfield lately purchased by Messrs.
Magruder; is of good quality, distant about half a mile from Seneca
Mille, and binding on the roads leading from said Mills to Darnes-
town and to Georgetown, and is of convenient access to the canal,
by which a ready market can be badl for the wood and other pro-
ducts of the land.
Terms are : One-fourth of the purchase money to be paid in
hand and the residue in three equal yearly payments, with inter-
est on the whole amount, payable yearly, from the day of sale,
and to be secured by the purchaser's bond, with approved security
and a lien on the land. On full payment of the purchase money
and interest an indisputable title will be given.
If the terms of sale are not complied with in three days, the
right is reserved to resell, at the purchaser's risk and cost, at
auction, for cash or on any credit, after one week's advertisement.
.april 19-d3t&wts CLEMENT COX, Agent.
P UBLIC SALE.-Immediately after the above sale, the
subscriber will offer at auction at the same place, a valuable
farm, containing 3201 acres, in Montgomery county, Maryland,
situate on the road leading from Darnestown to Rockville, about
three miles from the former and six miles from the latter place,
being now in the tenancy of Mr. Samuel Briggs. This farm is
represented to be of fair quality ; it includes from 60 to 80 acres of
valuable woodland, chestnut, oak, and hickory, and haes on it a
two-story dwelling and other improvements. If desired by the
bidders, it may be subdivided.
Terms of sale are, one-fifth of the purchase money to be paid
in cash and the residue in four equal half-yearly payments, with
interest on the whole amount, payable half-yearly, fioma the day
of sale. On full payment of the puaichase money and interest an
indisputable title will be given.
If the terms of sale are not complied with in three days, the
right is reserved to re-sell at auction, for cash or on any credit, at
the purchaser's risk and cost, after one week's previous adver-
tisement. CLEMENT COX* Agent.
apr 19-d3t&wts (Rockville paper)
M ARBLE AND FREESTONE YARD.-The un-
Y. designed respectfully inform their friends and the public
in general that they have opened a yard on the corner of E and
9th Streets, where they intend keeping an assortment of Marble
and Freestone Headstones, Tombstones, and Monuments, &c. and
hope, from their strict attention to business, to receive a share
of public patronage. GRIFFITH & O'BRIEN.
N. B. Persons wanting stone for Buildings, Marble Steps, Sills,
or Lintles, Mantels, or Hearths set or furnished, will be attended
at the shortest notice.
mar 14-eo2m G. & O'B.
C HARLES L. FEARSON has filed his petition for
the benefit ofthe Bankrupt Law, which petition will be heard
before the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sitting in
Bankruptcy, in the Court-room in Washington county, on Mon-
day, the 30th of May instant, at 10 o'clock A. M. when and where
all persons interested may appear and show cause, if any ',hey
have, why the prayer of the said petitioner should not be granted.
By ordei of the Court. Test:
may 5-3t WM BRENT, Clerk.
ENEDICT THOMPSON has filed his petition for
the benefit of the Bankrupt Law, which petition will be
heard before the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sit-
ting in Bankruptcy, in the Court-room in Washington county, on
the 30th of May next, at 10 o'clock A. M. when and where all
per-ons interested may appear and show cause, if any they have,
why the prayer of the said petitioner should not be granted.
By order of the Court. Test:
may 6-3t WM. BRENT, Clerk.
BECKWITH'S ANTI-DYSPEPTIC PILLS.-
These Pills have now been more than eight years before
the public, and their just pretensions to the character claimed for
them closely examined and tested by a great number of persons
too intelligent to be deceived, and too deeply interested in the re-
suits not to observe with care and judge without favor. Experi-
ence has not weakened these pretensions, but strengthened and
confirmed them by a mass of testimony of such respectable char-
acter as has never sustained any article in this form in any country.
The original design was to relieve Dyspepsia, and those functional
derangements upon which it commonly depends. They were,
however, found, by preserving the stomach and bowels in a heal-
thy slate of action, to tend greatly to ward off those, bili-
ous attacks" to which many are liable, but not as an Anti'Bilious
Pill, in the common signification of the term. Those, therefore,
who expected in them an active purgative, though to many they
are such, may have been disappointed; yet few instances of fail-
ure have been ascertained among those who have faithfully em-
ployed the article according to the design, where relief might rea-
sonably have been expected. In addition to the habitual dyspeptic,
those who, from custom or from necessity, as in travelling or busi-
ness, take their meals hastily, find in the use of these pills great
protection or relief from consequent occasional attacks of indiges-
tion ; and, indeed, all whose habits or pursuits are sedentary may
take them with safety and benefit.
The chief objection urged against them is, that they encourage
indulgence in the pleasures of time table by the immunity they
give from the painful effects of excess. That the Public may feel
assured that no imposition is attempted to be practised upon them,
the Proprietor has ob gained permission to refer to the following
-'l.:.m in.- .,oong many others, who, from personal experience
4f IT. .-h:l--.:y of these Pills, are willing to recommend them to
their friends, viz
Mr. Van Buren, late President of the United States; Hon.
George E. Badger, LL. D., late Secretaryof the Navy; Rt. Rev,
L. S. Ives, D. D., Bishop of North Carolina; Hon.James Iredell,
late U. S. Senator and Governor of North Carolmna; Hon. Henry
Potter, District Judge U. S. Court; Hon. Beverley Tucker, Law
Professor, William and Mary College; Hon. William Preston, U.
S. Senator, South Carolina; Hon. John Henderson, U. S. Senator,
Mississippi; Hon. Nathaniel P. Tallmadge, U. S. Senator, New
York; Hon. Wmin. S. Moohn, Esq., Tennessee; Hon. E. Stanly,
M. C.; Hon. J. H. Brockway, M. C., Connecticut; Hon. Richard
Hines, late M. C. North Carolina; Hon. Charles Fisher, late M.
C., North Carolina; Hon. J. Heiskoll, Circuit Judge, Tennes-
see; Rev. F. L. Hawks, D. D., New York; Rev. Wmin. McPhee-
ters, D. D., N. C.; Rev. George W. Freeman, D. D., Columbas,
Mias.; Rev. B. T. Blake, Wake, N. C.; Rev. Stephen Cocke,
Miss.; Rev. D. Brockway, Conn.; Rev. A. Marsh, Conn.; Rev. J.
K. Burch, Kentucky; Rev. R. Wiley, Wake Forest, North Caro-
lina; Dr. R. C. Bond, Halifax, North Carolina; Dr. Elijah Cros-
by, Indiana; Dr. J. G. Young, Tennessee; Dr. James Monney,
Beaufort, North Carolina; Dr. T. J. Johnston, Natchez, Mis-
sissippi; Dr. Calvin Jones, Tennessee; Dr. N. L. Stith, Ra-
leigh, Norlh Carolina; Dr. E. Marks, Columbia, South Carolina;
Dr. E. G. Mygatt, Hannibal, New York ; W. Irving Hyslop,
Esq. New York; E. Guion, Raleigh, N. C.; Wmin. Hill, Esq. Sec-
retary of Stale, N. C.; Abner Neale, Esq. Washington, N. C.;
J. Bonner, Esq. Bath, N. C.; J. G. Stanly, Esq. Newbern, N. C.;
Walker Anderson, Esq. Florida; T. P. Devereux, Esq. Roanoke
Major Samuel McCombs, Greenville, Georgia, J. S. Skinner,
Esq. Assistant Postmaster General, Washington city; Maj. John
Prepared solely by the Proprietor, Dr. JOHr BECKWITH, at
Raleigh, N. C., to whom all orders must be addressed,
In Charles County Court--March Term, 1842.
Joseph Harris and Nathan Harris, petition for a commission to
divide the real estate of Gwin Harris, deceased.
O RDERED by the Court that tihe auditor's report made in
this case, and filed the 28lh day of March, 1842, be ratified
and confirmed, unless cause to the contrary be shown on or before
the 3d Monday of June next : Provided, a copy of this order be
inserted in seome newspaper published in the District of Colum-
bia once a week for three weeks previous to the 3d Monday of
June next. EDMUND KEY.
True copy-Test: JOHN BARNES,
op 16-law3w Clerk of Charles County Court.
pHE COMPLETE READY RECKONER IN
dollars and cents, to which is added forms of notes, bills,
receipts, petitions, legal instruments, and various useful tables for
instant reference, enconomizing time and trouble, and avoiding
risks of error, containing among others an interest table from one
dollar to twelve thousand from one day upwards, and much other
useful mater. Price 25 cents. Just received for sale by
april II F. TAYLOR.
M HS. GORE'S NEW NOVEL.-The Lover, and the
Husband, anil the Woman of a Certain Age, by Mrs Gore,
2 vols. Frederick the Great and his Times, 2 vols., edited by
Campbell, the Poet. Family Secrets, by Miss Stickney, 1 vol.
This day received at the Waverley Circulating Library, imme-
diately east of Gadsby's, or forsale by
feb 7 P. TAYLOR.
ROUGHAM'S MISCELLANIES.-The political,
critical, and miscellaneous writings of Henry Lard Brough-
am, being chiefly his articles in the Edinburgh Review. 2 vols.
Price S1 75.
ap 16 F. TAYLOR.
,iELECTIONS FROM THE EDINBUGH RE-
S VIEW, being the best articles which have appeared in that
periodical from its commencement in 1802. 6 volumes. Price
$8. Imported by
ap 16 F. TAYLOR.
PEASE'S CLARIFIED ESSENCE OF HOAR-
HOUND CANDY, compounded of 25 of the mostsafe
and salutary ingredients. The,great reputation of Pease's inim-
itable Candy, for the speedy relief and cure of coughs, colds,
hoarseness, sore throat, croup, hooping cough, and difficulty of
breathing, has increased the sales far beyond that of any other
remedy heretofore offered.
The undersigned, General Agent of Messrs. Pease & Son, has
just received by the schooner President, a large supply of their
Candy, which hlie sells to agents and venders on the same terms
as the proprietors. Venders enclosing $5 or upwards (free of
postage) will have the Candy sent according to directions, and
always rely on its being fresh and genuine.
mar 2 W. FISCHER.
fr EXAS.-The History of the Revolution in Texas, partic-
S ularly of the war of 1835 and 1836, together with the latest
geographical, topographical, and statistical accounts of the coun-
try, from the most authentic sources; also, an appendix &c. by
the Rev. Mr. Newell. For sale at
april I MORRISON'S Bookstore.
FrUO THE LADIES.-The well known firm of AR-
MAND, PROUST & CO. from 349 Broadway, New York,
beg leave to inform the ladies that having received by the latest
packets from France a handsome assortment of the newest articles
in the Millinery line, viz. Embroidered Capes, Collars, Shawls,
Ball and Wedding Dresses, Pocket Hhdkfs., Laces, Ribands,
made up Bonnets, Fancies, &c. they have just opened an agency
in this city, in the upper part of Messrs. Boteler & Donn's store,
Pennsylvania avenue, where they respectfully request a call.
r HE RIGHT OF SEARCH, by Henry Wheaton, U.
S. Minister to Prussia, in I vol. octavo, being an inquiry
into the validity of the British claims on the subject. This day
received for sale by F. TAYLOR. Also, Cooper's new novel,
The Two Admirals," in 2 vols. ap 22
AWRENCEVILLE CLASSICAL AND COM-
MERCIAL HIGII SCHOOL, between Trenton
and Princeton, New Jersey.-This institution has long been
favored with an excellent patronage from almost every section of
the country. Boys are admitted from 6 to 14 years of age, and are
fitted according to the views of parents and guardians for a col
legiate course or for commercial life. The course of studies a
thorough and extensive. An instructor is provided for e.-r) 12
pupils. The government is strict and energetic, but parental and
affectionate. The morals of the youth are strictly guarded and
religious instruction faithfully given. Maternal attentions are
carefully bestowed. The principals, instructors, and pupils con-
stitute one household, and there is a general superintendence of
the boys at all times. The location, by ils beauty, quiet, good
morals, and health, is peculiarly adapted to such an institution.
The year is divided into two sessions of 5 months each, com-
mencing on the 1st of May and November. Vacatiins April and
Terms : For tuition, boarding, lodging, washing, fuel, and
light, $100 per session, one-half payable in advance. Modern
languages, music, and drawing are extra.
For further information reference may be had to the following
gentlemen, moat of whom have sons in the school :
Adjutant General R. Jones, Col. A. Henderson, Col. James
Thomas, Major Turnbull, Hon. Samuel L. Southard, P. Otter-
back, Esq Washington, D. C. ; Dr. James Whiteimead, Wavnes-
borough, Georgia; W. Shear, Augusta, Georgia; T. C. Hind-
man, Esq., Jacksonville, Alabama; James Young, Esq., Grand
Gulf, Mississippi ; T. Hewes, Esq., New Orleans; G. T. Snow-
den, Columbia, South Carolina; Col. James S. Mclntosh, Port
A few vacancies exist. Circulars may be had on application to
the subscribers at Lawrencevihle, New Jersey.
april 16-eo3w H. & S. M. HAMILL.
A RUNAWAY.-Was apprehended and confined in jail,
on the 6th day of April last, a negro man, wboealls himself
WILLIAM JACKSON, and says he is a runaway. He is full
six feet high, apparently about twenty-one years of age, of a very
dark complexion, and robust and active in appearance. He had
been hired by Dr. Domathun as a hand on one of the lower fish-
eries on the Potomac, from whom he ran away; and, upon being
apprehended and interrogated, he stated that he belonged tea
young lady in Shenandoah county, Va. and had been in the custo-
dy of a Mr. Jones, of that county, and that he was now hiring
himself by a permission of General Walter Jones, of the District
of Columbia. 1 have mentioned these several circumstances and
statement that they might lead to a more speedy discovery of the
owner, whoois requested to come and prove his property, and pay
the proper expenses and take him away.
EDMUND R. WHEELER,
april 21--iaw3w Sheriff of Charles county, Md.
line of his direct business. He contents himself with guaran-
tying that it comes from France. For sale, by the basket only,
by F. TAYLOR,
apil 11 Bookseller.
W ILSON'S MISCELLANIES, in 3 volumes, being
the writings of Professor Wilson, the constructor (under
the name of Christopher North) of Blackwood's Magazine. For
lUST PUBLISHED, and for sale by R. FARNHAM,
Scorner of llth street and Pennsylvania avenue, RULES
AND REGULATIONS IN BANKRUPTCY, adopted by the
Circuit Court of the United States for the District of Columbia
for the said District, prepared by the Judges of the said Court.
This is an important pamphlet, and should be in the possession of
every man of business, and is necessary for those who intend to
avail themselves of the benefits of the Bankrupt Act, and of those
who may seact as counsel for bankrupts. Price 50 cents, feb 22
CONGRESSIONAL DIRECTORY for the Second
SSession of the Twenty-seventh Congress of the United
States of America, compiled and printed for the use of Congress.
Contents: Names of Senators, Representatives, and Delegates,
with their post offices and districts. Alphabetical Congress Di-
rectory. Committees: Senate, House, Joint, and Select Commit-
tees. Residence of Public Officers, Officers ef Congress, Senate,
House, United States Supreme Court, Foreign Ministers near the
United States, Ministers, Consuls, and other Diplomatic Agents.
Mail, Railroad, Steamboat, and Stage Arrangements.
Just published, and for sale at the Bookstore of
dec 31 Corner of 1 lth street and Penn. avenue,
A NATURAL REMEDY,'sulted to our constitution,
and competent to the cure of everyt curable disease, will be
found in the INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLS of the North Ame-
riean College of Health,
These extraordinary Pills are composed of plants which grow
spontaneously on our own soil; and are therefore better adapted
to our constitutions than medicines concocted from foreign drugs,
however well they may be compounded; and as the Indian Vege-
table Pills are founded upon the principle that the human body is
in truth subject to buta ne disease, viz. corrupt humors, and that
said medicine cures this disease on natural principles-by clean-
sing and purifying the body-it will be manifest, that if the con-
titution be not entirely exhausted, a perseverance in their use,
according to directions, is absolutely certain to drive disease of
every name from the body.
When we wish to restore a swamp or morass to fertility, we
drain it of the superabundant waters :in like manner, if we wish to
restore the body to health, we must cleanse it of impurity.
The Indian Vegetable Pills will be found one of the best, if not
the very test medicine in the world for carrying out this grand
purifying principle, because they expel from the body all morbid
and corrupt humors, the cause of disease, in an easy and natural
manner; and while they every day give ease and pleasure, dis-
ease of every name is rapidly driven from the body.
The above named Indian Vegetable Pills have been three years
before the American Public ; and we can now say, without fear of
contradiction, that of all the various medicines which have here-
tofore been popular, not one has given such universal satisfaction
or obtained such a permanent hold upon the affections of the peo-
ple. Not only do all who use it, invariable experience relief, and
recommend it in the strongest terms, but it has effected some of
the most astonishing cures ever performed by medicine.
Hitherto, very few of the numerous testimonials which have
been received in favor of this extraordinary medicine have been
published, as the medicine obtained its present great celebrity
moire by its own intrinsic goodness than from extensive advertising.
11 has been deemed proper, however, to offer the following opinions
of the public press, together with a few extracts from letters of
agents, merely to show that the fame of the Indian Vegetable Pills
is not confined to any one section, but is rapidly extending itself
to every part of the Union.
Ftron the Philadelphia Saturday Evening Post.
THe INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLS.-Wright's Indian Vegetable
Pillsare attaining great celebrity in New Englind as well as other
parts of the United States. The attempt of persons to defraud rIthe
public by tie sale of spurious articles meets with general repro-
bation. Mr. Wright is an indefatigable business man, and shows
an array of cures by the medicine which warrant confidence in
the virtues of his Indian Vegetable Pills.
From the Philadelphia Spirit of the Times.
THE INDIAN VEOBTABLE PILLs.-People are pretty well satis-
fled by this time that calomel and the other thousand and one
mineral preparations of the shops, are better adapted, as a general
rule, to kill rather than cure the patient; as a matter of course,
vegetable medicines are therefore in great request. There are
very many humbugs, however, among the latter, and we would
advise all those who have the least regard for their lhealtb to try
the Indian Vegetable Pills of the North American College of
Health, sold at 169 Race street, Philadelphia, as they are the pre-
paration of one intimately acquainted with the healing art.
From the Boston Daily Times.
InDIAN VxZGTA1LE PALe.-Of all the publicly advertised medi-
cines of the day, we know of none that we can more safely recom-
mend for the ills that flesh is heir to" than the Pills that are sold
at the depot of the North American College of Health, No. 198
Trcmont street, Boston. Several instances we know of where
they are used in families with the highest satisfaction; and no
longer ago than yesterday we heard an eminent physician of the city
recommend thems it high terms. There used to be in the commu.-
nity a great repugnance to the use of quack medicines, as they are
all indiscriminately termed, but it was mainly owing to the regu-
lar M. D.'s constantly) denouncing them. They aie, however, be-
coming more liberal in this respect, and the consequence is that
good vegetable medicines are now more extensively used than
Extract of a letter from Peter Christ, Uniontownm, Carroll
county, Maryland, November 17, 1838.
Dear Sir : About two months ago I had business in Baltimore,
and called at your office and bought a few boxes of the Indian Ve-
getable Pills; and upon trying them I found them to be far supe-
rior to Pills, or any other medicine I had ever used. I
had been subject to a cough for five years past, and during the
time have taken a variety of medicines without arny relief until I
got the Indian Vegetable Pills, and by taking four doses the cough
began to leave me; and I now enjoy better health than I have.
done for five years past. After I found them to be a valuable me-
dicine, I immediately sent to Baltimore for a large supply. I have
received so much benefit in using the Indian Vegetable Pills that
I cannot help but recommend them to every invalid I see, and
think so well of the medicine that I have sent two dozen boxes te
my invalid friends in the State of Indiana.
From G. C. Black, New York.
Mr. Win. Wright: Dear Sir: You will please to forward as
soon as possible some of your Indian Vegetable Pills, as we are
al.nost out of the article, and they appear to be getting into gene-
ral use here. We have a great call for the medicine at present,
arid those that have used them speak veiy highly of them. One
gentleman attributes bis being cured of dropsy to the use of them;
and another has been cured of dyspepsia solely by the use of your
Indian Vegetable Pills, and is willing you should publish his case
if you think proper. G. C. BLACK,
No. 1 Chatham Square, New York.
Extract of a letter from Mr A. Larrimore, Indiana.
Dr. Wright : Dear Sir: Having some knowledge of your most
excellent compound, the Indian Vegetable Pills, and not knowing
how to get a fresh supply, my stock being nearly exhausted, and
wishing always to have them in my family, I take this method
to open a correspondence with you. The pills alluded to are well
thought of here and very much wanted. I wi h to make arrange-
ments with you for a constant supply, as I think a very great quan-
tity could be sold in this section of the country.
Extract of a letter from Samuel Griffith, Stewarttown, York
Mr. W. Wright: Dear Sir: I am selling the Indian Vegetable
Pills by the dollar's worth, and at that rate the stock of Pills, left
by your travelling agent, will soon be out.
I am pleased to find they are such readysale. Those who have
used them speak in the highest terms of them. Many have al-
ready found great relief from their use, and when the cures are
finally effected, I shall do you the justice to inform you of the
Extract of a letterfrom Washington city.
Mr. Win. Wright: Dear Sir : You will have the kindness to
forward me, as soon as possible, two or three gross of the Indian
Vegetable Pills. The sales have for the last two months increased
rapidly; those who buy generally remarking that they are the
beat pills they have ever used," and my opinion is that they will
in a short time supersede all others in this city.
Extract of a letter from Lycoming county, Pa.
Mr. Win. Wright: Dear Sir: On being appointed agents for
the sale of the Intian Vegetable Pills in this place, we only took
one gross on trial; but it would have.been better if we had taken
halfa dozen gross : for, on a fair trial, they have far exceeded our
most sanguine expectations. In fact so much s that we have been
obliged to send to Mr. Zimmerman, at Lancaster, more than a
hundred miles from here, for ten dozen ; but these will last buta
very short time the way we are selling them since they have been
fairly tested. In the first place, I gave some to our physicians to
make trial of, since which they have purchased a number of boxes
and highly approve of them. A few days ago, there w4s a lady
sent 30 miles to get a box of the pills ; she at the time was very
low and unable to turn herself in bed ; but in two days, as my in-
formsnt says, she was able to help herself.
We could mention many other cases, but deem it unnecessary
at this time; but would merely say, that as the season is fast ap-
proaching when there will be a great demand for the Indian Vege-
table Pills, if we could only get a supply of the medicine, we could
establish other agents, which would be of immense advantage,
not only to the North American College of Health, but to the pub-
lic generally. Please let us know your views on the subject, and
any directions relative to the same will be promptly attended to by,
Very respectfully, your friends,
S. WINCHESTER & SON.,
Jersey Shore, Lycoming county, Penn.
AGENTS for the sale of the above-named Indian Vegetable
Robert Farnham, Washington..i
Thomas E. Hills, Georgetown. District ofColum-
John J. Sayres, Alexandrnjg [ bia.
Wim. Alexander, Tenaliytmmn. J
Robert Wright, Bladensburg, Prince George's co.
Jacob S. Hall, Belisvill, c c
W. T. Duvail, Good Luck P. 0. mm
Office and General Depot, for thie sale of the Indian Vegetable
Pills, wholesale and retail, 169 Race street, Philadelphia. -
I ONDON ANNUALS FOR 1842.-Heath's Book
of Beauty, thirteen splendid portraits. Heath's Picturesque
Annual, with many engravings. Paris, by Mrs. Gore, twenty-one
highly finished engravings. Keepsake, twenty six steel and
ecrographic plates. Book of the Boudoir. Heath's Historical
Annual. Friendship's Offering. Forget me not. Drawing-
Room Scrap Book, beautiful; and all of the American Annuals for
1822. WM. M. MORRISON,
nov 19 4 dooms west of Brown's Hotel.
"I R. JAMES'S NEW NOVEL, The Jacquerie, in 2
I- vols. is this day expected and will he for sale, price $1 25,
by F. TAYLOR, or for circulation, along with all other late
publications, from the Waverley Circulating Library.
Terms for the Library 85 per annum, $3 for six months, or $1
or a single month, dec 29
F-LEUR DE CHAMPAGNE.-A few cases of the
above Champagne Wine have been consigned to the adver-
tiserbya French correspondent, who wishes to give it the oppor-
tunity of becoming known in this place. It claims to be the best
and purest Champagne Wine produced in France, a point upon
which the advertiser says nothing, it being somewhat out of the
Lot No. 43, Beatty and Hawkins's addi-
tion. Assessed, Joe. Chaplin's repre-
3-7 parts, each, of lots No. 22, 23, and 24,
in Holmead's addition. Assessed, the
heirs of Wm. Crawford, jr. -
Same property. Assessed to same,
Part of loi 16, Beall's addition, 32 feet on
Washington street. Assessed to same,
1-7 part, each, of lots 22, 23, and 24, Hol-
mead's addition. Assessed to the heirs
of William Crawford, -
1-7 part, each, of lots 22, 23, and 24, Hol-
mead's addition. Assessed, Lorman
Half of lot 163, Beall's addition, 30 feet
on Olive street. Same, -
8210 1841 s1 60
Collector of the Corporation of Georgetown.
BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY
JOHN J. DONALDSOS,PRsaiDNlwrT,
JNSURES LIVES fortune ar.moreyears, or for life.
Ratesfor On Hundred Dollars.
Age. Oneyear. Seven years. For life.
25 1.00 1.12 2.04
30 1.81 1.36 2.36
35 1.36 1.53 2.75
40 1.69 1.83 3.20
45 1.91 1.96 3.73
50 1.96 2.09 4.60
55 2.32 3.21 5.78
60 4.35 4.91 7.00
Rateafor One Hundred Dollats.
60 years of age, 10.55 per cent.
65 do. 12.27 do. perannrm
70 do. 14.19 do.
ForOne HundredDollars deposited atbirthof shld,theComn
any will pay, if he attain 21 years ofags, $469
At six months, 408
One year, 375
The Companyalsoexecutestrusts; receives moneyon deposit,
paying interest semi-annually, or compounding it, and makes
all kinds of contracts in which life or the interestof money slain.
volvad. WILLIAM MURDOCK, Secretary.
James H. Causten, City of Washington.
Dr. B. R. Wellford, Fredericksburg, Virginia.
I1. Baldwin, Richmond, Va.
D. Robertson, Norfolk, Va.
A. S. Tidball, Winchester, Va.
George Richards, Leesburg, Va. marl-l y
ULWER'S NEW NOVEL, ZANONI, just re-
ceived by F. TAYLOR,
ap 1 immediately east of Gadaby's.
A NEW GUIDE TO WASHINGTON, by G.
WATTErSTON, Esq.-The above work is just published,
with a frontispiece of this STATUE OF WASHINGTON by Green-
ough, and contains every thing relating to the history of Washing-
ton, and its progress and improvements since its origin; also every
thing that is calculated both to instruct the citizen and stranger,
and is a perfect guide to all its objects of curiosity, and to every
thing else that a stranger would be desirous to make himself ac-
quainted with, while a sojourner in it, or a resident abroad. It
gives a true picture of Washington, though not a mere picture
book ; all its institutions, works of art, &c. are briefly but satis-
factorily described. It sketches its usages, customs, manners,
and religious and moral tone of its society; public buildings, lite-
rary, social, end other institutions; its location, the condition ol
the legal and medical professions; its growth and character of
its resident population; gives an abstract of its municipal regula-
tions, civil and criminal courts; duties of the principal executive
officers of the General Governmet, of the committees of Can-
gross, and a great variety of useful, local, and general i.afo-a.-
tion which a resident as well as a stranger would be pleased to
possess. Among the descriptions of the societies which have been
organized in Washington, are two at considerable length, and of
great interest; one, of the National Institution, and the other, of
the Society of Odd Fellows.
The work is printed in a neat and handsome style, of over 200
pages, and for sale at the bookstore of R. FARNHAM, corner of
llth street and Pennsylvania avenue. an 15
N EW MUSIC.-Just received the following pieces ofnew
NI Music at the old established store, third door east of 12th
street, Pennsylvania avenue. W. FISCHER.
His Name, with beautiful Vignet; Bonnie Bessie Green, do.;
The Mourning Ring; Ballad, 0 were I but a thing of Light;
Lochlin and Eveline, a ballad ; The Gipsey's Tent, words by
Miss Cook; Merrily, merrily sounds the Hotn; The Polish Maid-
en's Farewell, I'mn a merry-hearted Maid; The Aurora Waltzes,
by Labitzki; Philippa Waltzes, by J. K. Opi; The Garland do,
by an amateur; The Waverley Scottish Dances; March D'Ama-
zones, by C. Groebe; I will Return to Thee, a duet, arranged for
the guitar, by Weiland. april 20
rfO TRANSIENT AND PERMANENT BOAR-
-DERS.-Mrs. HEWITT having now a few rooms va-ant
can accommodate either transient er permanent boarders. Her
house is eligible situated on Centre Market space, about the
centre of Penn. avenue, ap 26-eo2w
ORACE WALPOLE'i LETTERS, new edition,
1842. P(fice $9, has sold up to this time at $12, 4 vols.
octavo. For sale, a few copies only, by F. TAYLOR.
N EW BOOKS.-Hill's Divinity, Sterling's Poetical
S Works, and many others too numerous to mention, for
sale at MORRISON'S Bookstore.
*HE Northern Harp, Southern Harp, Parted Fa-
r mily, and other Poems, by Mrs. Mary S. B. Dana. A
few copies just received by
mar 18 P. TAYLOR.
S Orphans' Court, April 26, 1842.
District of Columbia, Washingtoncounty, towit:
IN THE CASE of Robert Barnard, administrator de bonis
S non of Nicholas Barber, deceased, the administrator, with
the approbationim of the Orphans' Court, has appointed Tuesday,
the 17th day of May, for the settlement of said estate, and for
payment and distribution under the Court's direction and control
of the assets in the hands of the administrator, so far as collected
and turned into money, to the creditors of said deceased, when
and where all creditors of said deceased are notified to attend :
Provided, a copy of this order be published once a week far
three weeks in the National Intelligencer newspaper of this city.
ap 29 -law3w Test: ED. N. ROACH.
N OTICE.-THEODORE L. MOODY, a bankrupt, has
filed his petition for his discharge and- certificate, and the
1st day of August next is appointed for the hearing thereof, before
the Circuit Court of the United States for the District of Columbia,
sitting in Bankruptcy, in and for the County ef Washington at
10 o'clock A. M., at the Court-room, when and where all his
creditors who have proved their debts, and all other persons in-
terested, may appears aid show cause, ifany they have, why such
discharge and certificate should not be granted.
By order of the Court. Test:
may 4-3t WM. BRENT, Clerk.
N OTICE.-THOMAS T. O'DELL, a bankrupt, has filed
his petition for hishischarge and certificate, and the 1st
day of August next is appointed for the hearing thereof, before
the Circuit Court of the United States for the District of Colum-
bia, sitting in Bankruptcy, in and for the County of Washington,
at 10 o'clock A. M. at the Court-room, when and where all his
creditors who have proved their debts, andi all other persons in-
terested, may appear and show cause, if any they have, why such
discharge and certificate should not be granted.
By order of the court. Test:
may 4-31 tWM. BRENT, Clerk.
OTICE.-JOSEPH PALMIERI, a bankrupt, hIas filed
L his petition for his discharge and certificate, and the 1st
day of August next is appointed for the hearing thereof, before
the Circuit Court of the United States for the District of Colum-
bia, sitting in Bankruptcy, in and for the County of Washington,
at 10 o'clock A. M. at the Court-room, when and where all his
creditors who have proved their debts, and all other persons in-
terested, may appear and show cause, if any they have, why such
lisocharge and certificate should not be granted.
By order of the Ceurt. Test:
may 4,-3t WM. BRENT, Clerk.
ORKS OF' MISS MITFORD, in one large hand-
some volume, containing her complete works. Price
82 75. Just received, and for sale by F. TAYLOR.
SUMMERS' PRACTICAL GEOLOGY and Miner-
s slogy, with instructions for the qualitative analysis of mine-
rals, 8vo. with plates. Just from the press, and for sale at
ap22 MORRISON'S Bookstoore.
McCULLOCH'S COMM ERCIAL DICTIONARY,
cheap -A few copies of the above valuable work, the
late edition (1842) enlarged and improved by Professor Vetheke,
two large octavo volumes of 300 pages each, are offered for sale
(a few copies only) by F. TAYLOR, at $8 per copy-no proba-
bility existing that any more copies than the few now referred to
can be sold for less than the regular price of the work, which has
never heretofore been less than ten dollars, ap 27
OOKS FROM LONDON, imported per last
voyage of the Great Western.-Three large cases,
just received, will be opened this morning by F. TAYLOR.
A further supply, (coming by packet from the same place,) as
well as a large importation of Books and Stationery from Paris,
and another from Brussels direct, all now upon the water, are ex-
pected in the course of the next two weeks by F. T, may 2
'Attorney at Law and General Agent,
" AVING removed from Alexandria, D. C. to this city, has
.L.opened an office on. 4t street, one door north from Penn-
sylvania avenue, and offers his services to the Public.
He will undertake the prosecution andmanagementofall claims
before Congress and theseveral public departments and offices of
the Government: claims arising under treaties, the procuring of
patent rights and patents for land from the Patent and General
Land Offices; and he will attend to all claims for Revolutionary,
Invalid, or other pensions, and to all other business to be transact-
ed in the District of Columbia requiring the services of an attor-
ney or agent.
Persons residing at a distance, who may not find it convenient to
visit Washington, can address him by letter, postage paid, and may
be assured that all business entrusted to him shall receive the
most prompt and faithful attention.
0 N TUEIIDAY, the 14th day of June, 1842, at the hour
of 10 o'clock A. M., I will sell at public auction, at the of-
fice of the Clerk of the Corporation of Georgetown, to the high-
est bidder, for cash, the following Lots and parts of Lots of
Ground, lying within the limits of said Corporation, to satisfy said
Corporation for taxes due to it thereon for the years respectively
to each lot and part ef lot herewith set down.
NUMaEa AND DxScarlPTlON Or LOTs. S YxEA. TAX,
L AND FOR SALE.-The subscriber offers at private
sale a large tract of Land lying in Prince George's county,
Maryland, about ten miles from Washington and eight miles
from Alexandria. The roads from Washington to Notting-
ham, from Alexandria to Upper Marlborough and Nottingham,
from Upper Marlborough to Piscataway, and many others, pass
through this tract, which has been recentlysurveyed and divided
into small farms of two hundred and three hundred acres each.
A portion of this tract consists of very valuable timber and wood
land, not more than five or sia miles from Upper Maslborough,
adjoining the estates ofR. D. Sewall and Richard West, Esquires.
This land will be sold very low, and on a credit of from one to ten
years, upon the purchaser giving satisfactory security.
Any application, made in person or by letter, to thetsubscriber,
near Bladensburg, or to John Calvert, Esq., residing at Mount
Airy, within two miles of the land, will be promptly attended to;
and the land will be shown to any one disposed to purchase, by
John Calvert, Esq.
june l1--2awtf CHARLES B. CALVERT.
A NY ONE OF THREE VALUABLE 'ARMS
FOR SALE.-I am desirous to sell any one of my three
farms, all of which lie in as healthy a region as any in Virginia.
"SOLDIER'S REST" is in Orange county, on the Rapid Ann
river, a short distance below the Raccoon Ford, and about thirty
miles from Frederceksburg: it c.oaims mo5 e s.re-, between 500
ano ow" or wrilc are cleared. The land is wll 1i bered and
situated. This farm, at the reeentassessment, was va! aed higher,
by a sworn officer, than any tract of land in Orange county. It
has a large dwelling-house with 8 rooms and usual out-buildings.
"SLATE HILL," just opposite Soldier's Rest, in Culpeper
county, is still yipre valuable : it contains about 700 acres of land,
between 300 aua 400 of which are cleared, and 170 acres of the
cleared land first-rate low grounds. The woodland is well tim-
bered, and much of it would produce fine tobacco. It has a small
two-story dwelling-house, &c. on it.
"THE HORSE SHOE" lies in the bend of the Robinsen river,
Culpeper county, near the mills of Mr. R. T. Wilfflis, and within
about five miles of Orange Court-house : it contains 890 acres, 460
ef which are cleared; one-half, at least, of the cleared land is fine
low grounds, and tihe hill-land scarcely less valuable. This farm
and Mr William E. Glassel's, I have understood, were, under the
old assessment, valued at the same price, and higher than any other
land in the county of Culpeper, which then embraced Rapahan-
nook. This farm has a small dwelling-hsuse, &c.
The said three tracts of land are in a good state ofimprovement,
and clover and plaster act finely upon them. They are now in a
condition to bring abundant crops of corn, wheat, tobacco,&oc. and
are well adapted to grass. Such a selection of valuable lands is
rarely offered to those who may seek an investment in real estate.
More particular information may be had by reference to Jere-
miah Morton, Esq. who will be in Richmond until t-he 20th of
April, and after that period on his farm adjoining "The Herse
Shoe," or by letter addressed to me. GEORGE MORTON,
ap 24-cptf Raccoon Poid P. 0. Cu0lpeper county, Va
PUBLIC SALE OF VALUABLE LAND.--Tha
undersigned will offer at public sale on Wednesday, the 27th
instant, at 12 o'clock M. on the premises, a tract or part of a tract
of land called Hermitage, containing about 380 aces, one-half of
which is heavily timbered, being a part of the estate of the late
Dr. John Bowie, lying on the main road from Washington to New
Market, about twelve miles from the former. This property will
be sold all together or in lots, as may be deemed expedient on the
day of sale.
Terms of sale will be liberal, good security being given for the
JUOHN BOUWIE, Bladensburg,
RICHARD I. BOWIE, Rockville.
E IFTYDOLLARS REWARD.-Ran away from the
- subscriber, living near Bryantown, Charles county, Ma-
ryland, on the 28th ultimo, my negro man GEORGE, who calls
himself George Grayham ; he is about 21 years ofage, 5 feet 8 or
10 inches high ; he is- very black and stoutly made ; he has a scar
on one of his cheeks about an inch and a quarter long, it has a
rough appearance from the circumstance of its being made with
a rough instrument, and is on the left, as well as my memory
serves me; he has rather an awkward appearance when spoken
to, and is easily confused and embarrassed; he took with him
his suit of white yarn country kersey, and also his Sunday suit of
dark cassinet; he has no doubt other clothing which is not recol-
lected. As he went off without any provocation, I have no doubt
he is trying to make his escape to a free State by means of the
fishing boats to Alexandria and onwards, or he may be on the
fishing shores. 'Those who may, feel disposed to take him up
may succeed at those places. I will give the above reward if
taken in the District of Columbia or out of the State of Maryland,
and twenty dollars if taken in Charles or any of the adjoining
counties. in each case he must be brought home or secured in
jail so that I get him again.
april 5-cp2w J JOHN F. GARDINER.
IFETY DOLLARS REWARD.-Ran away from the
subscriber on the 18th of February, 1842, my negro man
DENNIS, who calls himself Denis Guibert, and sometimes De-
nis Gibson. Denis is about twenty-four years old, very dark
complexion, five feet six or eight inches high, very thick lips and
white teeth, stout made, has an impediment in his speech; he has
a scar on one of his thighs just above the knee; his clothing not
recollected. I will give the above reward for his apprehension
*and safe delivery to me, or confinement in jail so that I get him
again. LEONARD NEALE,
april 19-w3wcp St. Ingoes, St. Mary's county, Md.
NE HUNDRED D01.LARS REWARD.-Ran
away from the subscriber, Montgomery county, Maryland,
on the 8th March last, negro DAVID. David is 5 feet 8 or 10
inches high, of a dark color, and pleasing countenance when
spoken to. David has the scrofula, and it is on the left side, as
well as recollected. His clothing consisted of white drab panta-
loons and roundabout, but no doubt he will change then. I will
give ten dollars if taken in Montgomery county, Maryland,
twenty dollars if taken in any other county in the State, District
of Columbia, or Virginia, and one hundred dollars if taken in any
free State; but in either case he must be secured in jail so that I
get him again.
ap ll-law4w MILICENT WARING.
ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.-Ran
away from the subscriber, living near Port Tobacco, Charles
county, Maryland, on Saturday, the 23d instant, two Negro Men,
calling themselves BASIL DOUGLAS and JOE WARE. Basil
is about five feet eight or ten inches high; very black; no visi-
ble marks except one of his upper front teeth ovor jelos the other,
which is very perceptible when spoken .o. Ha ta abtouL twenty-
eight years of age; his clothing consisted of one pair of white
twilled country cloth pantaloons and a drab roundabout, and a suit
of blue cassinet, nearly new, and black cap. Joe is about six
feet two inches high ; straight, well proportioned, and of a dark
copper color, and very likely. His clothing one pair of white
twilled country cloth pantaloons and 3rab roundabout, and one pair
of blue cloth or cassinet pantaloons, and fur hat much worn. Joe
is about twenty-two years old. Whoever takes up said Negroes
and brings them home tome, or lodges thrm in jail so bhat I get
them again, shall receive, if taken out of ith Siate, -hb abose re-
ward, or fifty dollars for either of them; if laken within i he State,
or the District of Columbia, fifty dollars, or tw, nsy-f ven d-.itars for
either of them. FRANCIS C. GREEN,
ap 27-2awtf Port Tobacco, Charles county, Md.
Of the discontinuance of the Public Land O. ce
BucYRo., in the State of Ohio.
UT NDER the provisions of the second section of an act of
U Congress, approved on the 12th of Jne, 1840, which de-
slares "that whenever the quantity of public land remaining on'
sold in any land district shall be reduced to a numberof acres less
than one hundred thousand, it shall be the duty of the Secretary
oftheTreasury to discontinue the Land Office of such district;
and if any land in such district shall remain unsold at the time of
the discontinuanee of a land office, the same shall be subject to
sale at some one of the existing land offices most convenient to the
district in which the land office shall have been diqntinued, of
which the Secretary of the Treasury shall give notide."
Notice is accordingly hereby given, that, in the prosecution of
his duty under the above section, the Secretary of the Treasury
has advised this office that the Land Office at BOausse, in the
State of Ohio, is to be discontinued by law, and the lands in said
district remaining unsold at the time of the discontinuance are to
be thereafter subject to sale at the Land Office at LImA, in the
Lands remaining unsold and unappropriated by law, and sub-
ject to private entry within the limits of the district of Bucyrus,
will cease to be subject to entry as heretofore at that office from
the date of the receipt of this notice; and the land officers at Lima
will give further notice of the day on which they will be prepared
to receive applications for entries of any such lands.
E. M. HUNTINGTON, Commissioner.
General Land Office, April 4,1842. ap 7-w6w
IAOR SALE.-The subscriber having removed to Tallahas-
see, Florida, offers for sale his dwelling house in Aldie,
Loudoun county Virginia, with its appurtenances, now occupied by
William K. Ish, Esq., and about 1300 acres of land adjoining or
near it. Of those lands 330 acres lie in and adjacentto Aldie and
have more than 80 acres in wood.
The dwelling house contains fourteen rooms, is of brick, and has
two porticos, one 40 feet in length. The out-houses comprehend
a Green-house well stocked with tropical fruits and other exotica,
with rooms for servants in the rear. A stable, carriage-house,
dairy, meat house, wash and bathing house, and large shelters for
cattle. A brick wall seven feet high separates for a considerable
distance the pleasure grounds and garden from the main street of
Aldie, and the passage through it ia by three cut stone arched
gateways surmounted by a brick cornice resting upon and flanked
by two porter's lodges.
Of the other lands,comprehending near 1,000 acres, large por-
tion of what is cleared has been in grass for several years, with a
view to the conversion of the entire estate into a dairy end grazing
farm, for which, being well wooded and watered, itis well adapted.
The grounds near ihe house are covered with a great variety of
native and imported trees, and besides a spacious fish pond, a cls.
tern, stocked with gold and silver fish, collect an abundant sup-
ply of excellent water from the neighboring mountain, whence it
has been conducted by pipes under ground for many years.
The village of Aldie is situated 34 miles from Alexandria, and
37 from Washington, on the Turnpike leading from both to Win-
chester mand Psrkersburg In Visginia, and lines of stages daily
pass through It, so that the travellerwho leaves New York at 9 in
the morning can reach A Idie at the satMe hour on the day ensuing,
after resting in Alexandria. Any person desirous to see this
property may do so by calling on Mr. Ish, itbvresent occupant, who
will show it, or on Col. Hamilton Rogers, w. resides near it, and
who is authorized to make known the terms ofsole, which will be
found to be accommodating to the purchaser, on h" paying partof
the consideration in hand, and giving ample secthity for the
punctual payment of the residue when due. Persons fishingg to
make inquiries by letter will address Col. Hamilton Rogers, Mid-
dlebury, Loudoun county, Virginia, or Theodore S. Garnett,
Loretto, Essex county, Virginia.
Inquiries may also he addressed to Wc. NOLAND, Esq. Cot,
missioner of Public Buildings, Washington.
iune 29-eo6w&wtf CHARLES P. MERCER.
E, THE SUBSCRIBERS, a majority of the Com-
missioners appointed by Montgomery County Court to di-
vide and lay off a tract of land in said county, partly belongingto
the estate of John Mead, and being a part of Snowden's Ma-
nor," hereby give public notice to all who may be concerned that
they or a majority of them will meet on the premises, lying in.
said county, on the 27th day of May, 1842, and proceed to execute
Given under our hands.this 18th day of March, 1842.
ap 7-w7w ROBERT MOORE.