Daily national intelligencer

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Daily national intelligencer
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Unknown
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Gales & Seaton ( Washington City D.C. )
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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oclc - 2260099
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UF00073214:00047

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K;' I


PUBLISHED BY GALES A SEATOI.
TERMS.
DAILIY PAPx-$lO a year-41 a month for anyshortertime.
Coutralr PAPxx-$6 a year--4 for six months.
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

WINTER ARRANGEMENT.
GREAT SOUTHERN UNITED STATES MAIL LINE.
Daily to the South.


VJHBE CARS for Fredericksburg, Richmond, Petersburg,
. Raleigh, Weldon, Wilmington, and Charleston leave the
Depot, Pratt street, Baltimore, daily at 4 o'clock inthe afternoon.

Passengers by this line sop at the hrtl in ashington, where
an omnibus will call and convey them to the boat free of charge,
where they will lodge.
Passengers for the South wilt find this the most comfortable
and cheapest route. It is often twenty-four hours in advance of
any other line, and is the only daily line.
For further information and tickets to Weldon apply at the
office of STOCKTON & FALLS,
Adjoining the Philadelphia Railroad Office,
Pratt street, Baltimore.
For information at Washington apply to the Captain on board
the boat at Bradley's wharf.. i jani3t-dly
WASHINGTON AND ALEXANDRIA BOAT.
Passage 121 cents In specie, or 25 cents in paper.
STrips of the steamboat JOSEPH
JOHNSON during the week ter-
minating on Sunday evening next.
iE B April 24, viz.
Leave Alexandria- Leave Washington-
At 8 and 10 A.M. At 9 and 11 A. M.
And 3 and 5 P.M. I And at 4 and 6 P. M.
As there will be but one boat on the route on Sunday next, she
will on that day make an additional afternoon trip, viz. Leave
Alexandria at 1, and Washington at 2 o'clock.
She will also make a daily trip between Alexandria and George-
town, leaving Alexandria at 12 o'clock M., and Georgetown re-
turning at 1 o'clock P. M. Passage 26 cents in specie.
apr 19-5t IGNATIUS ALLEN, Captain.
]FOR NORFOLK.-The steam-
er BOSTON, Capt. James Holmes,
will run regularly between Wash-
ington and Norfolk twice a week,
commencing on Sunday next, the 10th of April, leaving Wash-
ington every Thursday and Sunday mornings at 9 o'clock, and
Norfolk on the evenings of Tuesday and Friday at 5 o'clock, call-
ing at Old Point Comfort and Portsmuntlh to land and take up pas-
sengers, as well as the different landing places on the Potoman.
Passage and fare to Norfolk, 8- - 8
Freight taken at moderate rates.
ap 8-6mn JAMES HOLMES, Master.
f CATALOGUE OF 300,000 VOLUMES.-The
s Catalogue of Books, in one volume of the extraordinary bulk
of 2,100 pages, recently published by Henry G. Bohn, Nos. 4 and
G York street, Covent Garden, London, exhibits a stock of more
than 300,000 volumes, in every department of literature, and in
moat languages, with the prices annexed, and numerous bibliogra-
phical notices. It has been presented to various public libraries
in the United States, where it may be referred to.
Orders for Books, and communications for Henry G. Bohn, may
be addressed to him as above, and sent direct to London, or to the
care of Messrs. Goodhue & Co. New York, and to whom also re-
mittances may be made for his count. feb 9-d4mc4m
i OTELER I & DONN have on hand a general assort-
ment of good and fashionable HOUSE-FURNISHING
ARTICLES, consisting of almost every article used in house-
keeping. Such as-
Sofas, Sideboards, and Bureaus
Mahogany and painted Chairs
Pier, card, centre, and dining Tables
Mahogany and plain Bedsteads
Bookcases and Wardrobes
Beds and hair Mattresses
Shuck and moss do
Manilla and Alicant Mats
Knives and Forks and Hall Lamps
Cut, plain, and pressed Glassware, assorted
China Tea sets and Dinner ware
A general assortment of Crockery ware
Birdcages and wire Sieves
Tin and Hollow ware
Wooden and Willow ware
Stone ware, &c. &c.
I All of which they will sell opoo reasonable terms, and at prices
to suit the times. Persons furnishing are eaCstf- t-s *
examine before purchasing. mar24--dlm
SLAURIE, Notary Public and (General Agent,
South side of Pennsylvania avenue, between 12th and
13th streets.
C. L. will attend to any business as an agent, conveyancer, or
copyist, which may be entrusted to'him. His general knowledge
of the manner of conducting business before the several Public De-
partments, together with his personal experience in some of them,
gives him a facility in his transactions which he hopes will pro-
cure him a portion of the patronage of the public, who will find
their confidence met with promptitude and unwearied attention to
their interests.
Strangers in the city and those at a distance who have business
with Government, or of a private nature, requiring the services of
an agent, may find it to their advantage to employ him.
The buying, selling, leasing, or renting of District property at-
tended to and prompt returns made.
Notes received for collection or protest.
Copying and ornamental writing of every description executed
with neatness, accuracy, and despatch.
REFERENCES.
Hon. Win. Alien, Ohio.
Hon. Wmin. Medill, -
Hon. L. F. Linn, Missouri.
Hon,. A. Sevier, Arkansas.
Hon. W. P. Mangmn, North Carolina.
Hon. S. L. Hays, Virginia.
John M. Walker, Illinois.
James N. Barker, )
Rev. Dr. Laurie, Washington.
Win. Derrick, Esq.
All letters must be post paid. ap 13-dim
YING AND CLOTH-DRESSING ESTAB-
LISHMENT.-The undersigned respectfully informs
his friends and the Public generally of Washington and its vici-
nity that he still continues to carrv on tlhe Silk-dying andi Cloth-
dressing business on Pennsylvania avenue, south side, between
9th and 10th streets; and takes this opportunity of presenting his
thanks to his many customers, and feels assured, from the in-
crease of his business, that be has given general satisfaction.
ap 19-eolm L. J. DENHAM.
N THE BANKRUPT LAW.-The General Bank-
rupt Law, corrected by authority with full marginal analysis,
explanations of the various sections, their purport and operation,
with references and authorities, a summary, forms of petitions, &c.
by J. B. Staples, Counsellor at Law, New York. Price go cta.
Owen's Treatise on the Law and Practice of Bankruptcy, with
reference to the general bankrupt act, supported and illustrated
by English and American authorities, and by the principles of law
and equity as applicable thereto; with the rules ofthe court, a table
of fees, forms of proceeding, the act of Congress, and a digested
Index, 1 volume 8vo., by Samuel Owen, Counsellor at Law, New
York, 1842.
Rules and Regulations in Bankruptcy adopted by the Circuit
and District Courts of the United States for the Southern District
of New York. Pamphlet, 1842.
Rules and Regulations in Bankruptcy adopted by the Circuit
Court of the United States for the District of Columbia. Pam-
phlet, 1842.
The Bankrupt Law of the United States, with a full explana-
tion of the Law of Bankruptcy and ample reference to English
and American authorities, prepared for popular and professional
use by a member of the Pennsylvania bar, one of the House of
Representatives at the extra session of Congress. Just received
fer sale by
ap 201F TAYLOR.
(,ELECTIONS FEOM THE EDINBUGH RE-
tl VIEW, being the best articles which have appeared in that
periodical from its commencement in 1802. 6 volumes. Price
S8. Imported by
ap 16 F. TAYLOR.
N EW YORK CHEAP LACE STORE, Pennsyl-
vania *rente, between 9th and 10th streets.-
GREAT ATTRACTION.-I have lustreturned from New York
with a handsome assortment of Laces, Ribands, sc. which I can
sell at halt the price at which I have ever offered them before, viz.
Handsome Lisle Lace, i cent per yard and upwards
Yery wide hantaome Lisle Lace, 12i cents per yard, such as
I have been selling atr31 cents, scarcely to be told from thread
Splendid wide bonnet Ribands, fashionable styles, from 1 to
I2 cents per yard, such as I have sold from 25 to 371 cents
Splendid cross-Itr Muslin, yard wide, for ladies' dresses, at 311
cents per yard
Brussels Net, two yards wide, for shawls, 50 Cents per yard
sad upwards
Cambric Insering, 3 cents per yard
Splendid Pre-ne needle-work Collars, 311 cents each.
With a splendid lot of Artificial Flowers, Florence Braid
Bonnets, and a vaiety of other goods, equally cheap.
april 16-datt Mrs. C. MARSHALL.
C OARSE SALT for the Fisherles.-60,000 bushels
Turk's Islmd and St. Ubes Salt. For sale by
W. POWLE & SON,
fob 3-2aw8w Alexandria.


I THE BEAUTIES OF DANIEL WEBSTER,
-U m i1 volume, selected and arranged, with a critical essay
on bis genius andwritianra.
"IHE BEAUTIES OP HENRY CLAY, selected from his
writings, speechls &c.; to which is added a Biographical and
Critical Essay, 1 ,olume, price 50 cents each.
Just received r sale by
ap 18s F. TAYLOR.
IRtS. 1:EILBER, on C street, between Pour-and a-
A half and lbth streets, has several pleasant rooms either
for families or sigle genilemen. The situation is convenient
and hianhsy, and Otry eze,lirn will be used to make her board-
ers coamf,.rlable ad agreeable. Please apply as above. The
terms will be acsmodaung. ap 13--oot


TRsAsoav DEPARTItMAT, APRtIL 18,1842.
PURSUANT to two several acts of Congress, passed respec-
tively the 21st of July, 1841, and the 15th of April, 1842,
and under the authority of the President of the United States, con-
tained in a commission under his hands bearing even date here-
with, and directed to the Secretary of the Treasury:
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that proposals will be receiv-
ed by the Secretary of the Treasury until the first day of May
next from any person who may offer to loan to the United States
the sum of Three Million Five Hundred Thousand Dollars, or any
part thereof, not less than five thousand dollars. The stock to be
issued for the money loaned will be in sums not less than five
hundred dollars, and will bear as interest of six per centum per
annum, payable half yearly at the Treasury of the United States,
or at such of its agencies as shall be designated by the Secretary
of the Treasury; and will be ,eimbursable at the pleasure of the
Government at any time after twenty years from the first day of
January, eighteen hundred and forty-three.
The proposals must distinctly state the amount of money offered
to be loaned, and the sum that will be paid for each hundred dol-
lars of stock, .
The amount loaned is to be paid into the Treasury of the United
States, at Washington; or the Philadelphia Bank; or the Bank
of Commerce, er the Bank of America, in New York ; or the
Merchants' Bank, in Boston ; the Bank of Virginia, at Richmond ;
or the Southwestern Railroad Bank, at Charleston, South Caro-
lina, as a special deposit to the credit of the Treasurer of the
United States.
The amount which may be subscribed, will be required in in-
stalments, as follows, viz:
One-third on the fifteenth dayof May next.
One.third on the first day of Aune next.
One-third on the first day of July next.
But any person subscribing may pay any larger amount at his
option.
The Department reserves the right ofaccepting such proposals
only as shall be deemed advantageous to the Government.
The cashiers of the several banks where the payments shall be
made and the Treasurer of the United States will, respectively,
issue scrip certificates bearing interest at the rate of six per cent.
per annum, to the persons making the payments, and will endorse
thereon the subsequent payments on account of the several instal-
ments when made. The scrip certificates will be assignable by
endorsement and delivery, and, on the completion of the payments,
certificates of stock will be delivered by the Treasurer of the Uni-
ted States, or by the cashier of the bank where the payments shall
have been made.
On failure of payment of any instalment the next preceding in-
stalment to he forfeited.
The whole amount subscribed by any party may be paid at any
time after the acceptance of his offer, in anticipation of the re-
quired instalments, and certificates of stock will thereupon be
issued for such amount.
The stock to be thus issued will be transferable by endorsement
and delivery, and the half yearly payment of its interest and the
eventual reimbursement of its principal will be charged upon the
moneys arising from duties on goods, wares, and merchandise
which may be imported into the United States, so much thereof as
shall be equal to the payment, from time to time, of the interest
and the ultimate redemption of the principal of said stock being
pledged and expressly appropriated for these purposes by the act
ofthe fifteenth of April aforesaid, and by the same act made ap-
plicable, in the first instance, by the Secretary of the Treasury, to
such payments and redemption. W. FORWARD,
ap20-tlMay Scretary of the Treaury.
I- To be published in the Madisonian, Baltimore San, Ameri-
can Sentinel, New York Commercial Advertiser, Boston Atlas,
Portland Advertiser, New Haven Palladium, Hartford Patriot and
Eagle, Norfolk Beacon, Southern Patriot.
NEW AND CHEAP DRY GOODS.-We have just
L received from the North a general assortment of seasonable
articles, which we invite the ladies and customers generally to
call and examine before purchasing elsewhere, as we are selling
ten per cent. cheaper than our neighbors. We have also an as-
sortment of ladies and misses' Bonnets, from $1 to $6.
PERRIE & HALL,
South side of Penn. avenue, between 9th and 19th streets.
april 20-3t
N OTICE.-The schooner ORLEANS, Norris, master, has
S arrived frtm Bucksport, Maine, with a cargo of Ice con-
signed to J. R. Gordon & Co. As the consignees are unknown
to the Captain they are informed that the schooner lies at pre-
sent off the Arsenal, but should not immediate application be
made will remove to the Steamboat Wharf. ap 21-3t
L OGAN.-Strayed or stolen from P, near 17th street, a
beautiful young setter DOG, of large size, with long red
hair. A suitable reward will be paid for any information left at
the Marshal's Office that will lead to his recovery. If stolen,
an equally suitable reward will be given the thief, should the
owner find his whereabouts. Sportsmen will please have an eye
to this dog, which will be reciprocated by a brother chip.
ap 21-3t
EWl Xri txwIP'w crxAI9al ,-Io5o0,000 Prncipe and lavana
K. Cigars, warranted genuine and of superior quality, received
on consignment and for sale by T. W. PAIRO,
ap 20-3t 15th street, opposite tha Treasury Boilding.
&NOR SALE.-The subscriber will offer at private sale
S great bargains, in small frame buildings, near the Northern
Liberties Engine house. Terms moderate. Apply to
ap 16-dlw A. GLADMON.
C OACH MAKING.-JOHN M. YOUNG respectfully in-
Sforms his friends and the public in general that he has
established the above business on 6th street, between C street
and Louisiana avenue, in the rear of Gadsby's Hotel, where he
has on hand a splendid assortment of Carriages in his line of busi-
ness, consisting of Coaches, Barouches, Buggy Wagons, and
fancy Carryalls. Persons wishing to purchase articles in bis line
will do well to give him a call and examine for themselves before
they purchase from other places, as his articles are of the best
,materials and made in the best manner, and will be sold low for
'cash. april 18-eo3t
]JOARDING.-Comfortable summer accommodations can
be had at Mrs. WHITWELL'S, south corner of Duff
Green's row, for two gentlemen, with or without their ladies.
april 16-eodlw
M ARSHAL'S SALEo.-In virtue of a writ of fieri facias,
issued from the Clerk's office of the Circuit Court of the
District of Columbia for the county of Washington, and to me di
rented, I shall expose at public sale, for cash, on THunasAY, the
28th instant, at 12 o'clock M., before the Court-house door of said
county, the following property, viz.
All that piece or part of lot of ground lying and being in the
city of Washington, in the District of Columbia, containing nine-
teen feet eleven and one-half inches of ground, west front on
F street north, running in depth 159 feet to an alley, which said
lot is part of a lot of ground designated and described on the plat
of said city as lot No. 20, in Square No. 254, being the same pro-
perty conveyed by a deed from Sarah How and E. P. Pearson,
executors of Robert How, to William Dowling, dated the 18th of
July, 1835. Seized and levied upen as the property of William
Dowling, and sold to satisfyjudicials No. 192 to March term, 1836,
in favor of William Lee, use of Robert G. Bickley.
ALEXANDER HUNTER,
april 5-dta Marslial District Columbia.
GENERAL AGENCY IN WASHINGTON.-
The subscriber has for some time past been engaged in the
transaction of business in the city of Washington, and in the Dis-
trict of Columbia, requiring the services of an agent.
He offers his services to the public generally in that capacity,
and will attend to claims for pensions, whether arising in the Ar-
my or the Navy, claims to land, claims to be adjusted in any of the
public offices or by memorial to Congresa, claims arising under
treaties, or claIms against societies or individuals, the negotiation
of patents for discoveries or inventions, or any other business to
be transacted in the District of Columbia.
All these will receive his prompt attention.
Samuel Burche, during last summer, declined the agency busi-
ness, and transferred the same to the subscriber. Persona, there-
fore, who are interested, will please address the undersigned.
JOHN COVINGTON BURCHE.
Having obtained other employment I relinquished, in the last
summer, the business of a General Agent at Washington, and
transferred to John Covington Burheo all unfinished cases, to be
attended to and concluded by him. Persons interested will there-
fore please communicate with him.
mar ll-tf SAMUEL BURCHE.
tSlllslxS U at WANti'atG1T'O .-JAMin 5. a L;AUAi-
TKN,(late of Baltimore,) having made this city his perma
cent residence, will undertake, with hisaccustomed zealand dil-
igence,the settlement of claims generally; and more particularly
claims before Congress, against the United States, or the several
Departmentrthereof, and before any Board of Commissionersthat
may be raised for the adjustment of spoliatien or ocher claims.
He has now in charge the entire class arising out of French spo-
liations prior to the year 1800; with reference to which, in addition
to a mass of documents and proofs in hisi possession, he has ac-
cese to those in the archivesofthc Government.
Claimants and pensioners on the Navy fund, &c. bountylands,
return duties, &c. &c. and those requiring life insurance, can
have their business promptly attended to by letter, (post paid,)
and bus relieve themselves from an expensive and inconvenient
personal attendance.
Havingobtained a commission of Notary Public, he is prepared
to furnish legalized copies of any required public documents or
other papers. He has been so long engaged in the duties of an
agent, that it can only be necessary now to say that economy and
prompt attention shall be extended to all business confided to his
care; and that, to enable him to render his services and facilities
more efficacious,he has become familiar with all the formseo
office.
Otfsceon Fstreet, near the new Treasury Building.
feb 26-
ON. H. CLAY'S VALEDICTORY.-Just pub-
lished in beautiful style, on satin, the Hon. H. Clay's Val-
edictory Address on retiring from the Senate of the United States.
A limited number are left for sale only at Stationers' Hall.
april 13-3aw2W


PRICE OF WOOD REDUCED.-Present prices-
Oak at from $4 to $4 50 per cord, delivered.
Pine at from $2 75 to $3 50 do do
Hickory at from $5 76 to $6 do do
Positively for cash only.
Persons desiring to lay in their stock of winter wood can have
it purchased for a commission of twenty cents a cord, and mea-
sured by a sworn measure. Coal purchased by the cargo at a
small commission; and the delivery of both wood and coal person-
ally attended to.
Orders may be left at the wood and coal yard on the Tiber or
Canal, near 14th street; or at the subscriber's residence on 10th
street, between D and E streets.
mar 29-Vf GEO, MoDUELL,


NEWARK COLLEGE AND ACADEMY.
T HESE Institutions are located at Newark, in the State of
Delaware, twelve miles from Wilmington, on the great
Southern Railroadl half way between Philadelphia and Baltimore,
and are therefore very convenient of access, both from the North
and South.
They are well endowed, have large and convenient buildings,
a full corps of Professors and Teachers, and pursue a thorough
course of Classical and Mathematical studies, including the prin-
cipal modern languages.
The bill for the summer term of 21 weeks, for Board, Tuition,
Room Rent, and incidentals, will be, in the College proper, $70;
in the Academy $60.
The Students room and board in the Institution, under the im-
mediate watch amnt care of their teachers. The two departments,
though taught in different buildings, and under different codes of
laws, are under the general superintendence of the same Fa-
nulty.
The Academy, or Preparatory Department, is under the charge
ofMr. W. S. Graham, as Principal, aided in the English branches
by two Assistants, who instruct also in Penmanship und in Music,
vocal and instrumental.
The Summer Term will commenc-, in both departments, on
the first Wednesday, the 4th day of May, and continue till the
fourth Wednesday of September, 21 weeks.
The Institution, though young, is in a flourishing state. The
large new edifice of the Academy is already full, and an addi-
tional building fur lodging and study is already begun.
For further information inquirers are referred to the Rev. John
C. Smith or Jacob Gideon, Esq. Washington city; Rev. J. G.
Hamner or D. Clendenin, Esq. Baltimore ; Rev. Me- 0. O..i,
Brainerd, and Phelps, Philade!phia; Rev. Dr. De Witt, Harris-
burg; Rev. W. T. Sprsle, Carlisle ; Rev. Dr. Cathcart or Rev.
R. I. Wallace, York, Pa.; Rev. Dr. Hill, Winchester; Rev. A. D.
Pollock, Richmond Rev. Mr. Stratton, Portsmouth ; Rev. J. H.
C. Leach, Farmiville, Virginia; Rev. J. J. Graft, Snow Hill;
Rev. J. W. K. Handy, Berlin, Maryland Rev. H. C. Fries,
Laurel; Rev. C. H. Mustard, Lewes, Delaware; or to any other
minister belonging to the Synod of Virginia or the Synod of
Pennsylvania.
For Circulars or Catalogues they will please apply to Win. S.
Graham, Principal of the Academy, or to E. W. Gilbert, D. D.
President of the College. JAS. L. MILES,
Newark, Del., April 2, 1842.-ap 21-3t Secretary.
T O CLAIMANTS.-FRANCIS A. DICKINS continues
Sto undertake the agency of claims before Congress and
other branches of the Government, including commissioners
under treaties, and the various public offices. He will attend to
pre-emption and other laud claims, the procuring of patents for
public lands, and the confirmation by Congress of grants and
claims to lands; claims for property lost in ar taken for the service
of the United States ; property destroyed by the Indians, or
while in the possession of the United States ; invalid, revolu-
tionary, navy, widows', and half-pay pensions; claims for Revo-
lutionary services, whether for commutation, half-pay, or bounty
lands, as well those against the State of Virginia as the United
States ; all claims growing out of contracts with the Government,
or damages sustained in consequence of the action or conduct of
the Government; and, indeed, any business before Congress or
the public offices which may require the aid of an agent or at-
torney. His charges will be moderate, and depending upon the
amount of the claim and the extent of the service.
He is also agent for the American Life Insurance and Trust
Company, which has a capital of two millions of dollars paid in.
In the probt.'ution of claims against Mexico, under the late
Convention, M.. F. A. Dickins and the Hon. C. P. Van Ness,
late Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the
United States in Spain, are associated; and any claim sent to
either of them will receive their united and prompt attention.
Mr. F. A. Dickins is known to most of those who have been in
Congress within the last few years, or who have occupied any
public station at Washington.
His office is on Pennsylvania avenue, between Fuller's Hotel
and the Treasury Department, and his residence is on i3thatreet,
between Pennsylvania avenue and F street.
All letters must be post paid. dec 14-dly
A FOR RENT.-The large and commodious three-
story house, on West Market square, which has
been occupied by Mrs. Comn. Rodgers for two or three
years past, will be for rent on the 1st of May. For terms, apply to
the subscriber, living next door east.
ap 7--dtf GEO. BENDER.
AGENCY OF CLAIMS AT WASHINGTON.-
The subscriber will attend to the management and prosecu-
tion of Claims before CoaNaas and the differentDepartments
of the Government.
He has the best legal advice within his reach, when it may be
necessary to refer to it; and from his own knowledge of the modes
and forms of settlement of accounts in the public Departments and
before Congress, ho can assure those who may commit their busi-
ness to his care that every attention shall be paid thet eto.
Letters must be post paid.
oct 13-tf CHARLES J. NOURSE.
fceA LT IT W'K Vt ,,;'ie.(tnu ,-,rrccr. Pi-
- ldc'.", h" constantly for sale a great variety of
Spectacles, Optical and Mathematical Instruments, Walking
Canes, Spy Glasses, Thermometers, &c.-The best attention is
given to the quality of all articles sold at their establishment, and
particular care is taken that no glasses are fitted in their specta-
cles but those that are ground with true and correct surfaces,
and are free from veins and other imperfections which so often
tend to impair tihe sight of the wearer. Among their assortment
will be found-
Gold and silver Spectacles of every description
Fine watch spring or blue steeled Spectacles
Do do do single temple, for ladies' use
Common steel Spectacles
Solid gold and gold plated hand Spectacles, for use at church
Solid gold and gold plated Eye Glasses
Tortoise shell and blued steel Eye Glasses
Wire Gauze Spectales and Goggles, called Spark Catchers
Microscopes, single and compound, in great variety
Do Achromatic
Cabinets of Test Objects for Microscopes
Horn and Plated Goggles
Spy Glasses for the pocket
Do for ships and astronomical purposes
Magic Lanterns of the best construction, for the use of Semi-
naries
Astronomical, Scripture, Temperance, and Humorous Slides for
the use of seminaries, a large assortment
Camera Obsouras
Prismatic Lenses for do
Camera Lucidas
Diagonal Mirrors for viewing pictures
Prints for do
Cylindrical, Convex, and Concave Mirrors
MATHEMATICAL INSTRUMENTS.
a es of Mathematical Instruments of superior quality for En-
gineers made of Electrum, in mahogany and rosewood cases
Drawing instruments, in mahogany and fish skin cases, for
schools
Instruments separate from the cases, viz. Plain and Hair Di-
viders, Bow Pens, Drawing Pens, Pratractors, Parallel Rules,
Ivory Scales, Triangles, Squares, Gunter's Scales, &c. &c.
WALKING CANES.
The most complete assortment of Walking Canes that can be
found in the United States, the woods of every variety, and the
heads of the neatest and most chaste kinds, of entirely new pat-
terns, made of solid gold and silver, plain, chased, and carved ;
also, plain ivory and agate heads.
The above articles can be had by retail or wholesale at the very
lowest prices, and the workmanship warranted to be done in the
best manner and neatest style, ap 16
ATENT VAPOR BATHS, for the safe and convenient
external application of sulphur, and other irrespirable gases,
vapor from herbs, &c., to the human system. In which, the lungs
are not only defended from any irrespirable vapor that may be used
but also from exhalations discharged through the pores, from all
parts of the body, by profuse perspiration; to which they are
exposed when the head is enclosed in the usual way. A practice
always offensive, in some diseases dangerous, and quite unneces-
sary, as any desired vapor can be inhaled in these apparatus with-
out this loathsome accompaniment. In these applications will be
found a powerful yet safe general auxiliary to the efforts of the
physician for the removal ot disease ; but particularly so in dis-
eases of the skin, in rheumatic and gouty affections, and after the
use of any mercurial preparation.
Applied, during the session of Congress, on the south side of
Pennsylvania avenue, third house west of 12th street, or in the
chamber of the sick.
mar 86-w3m B BOYD REILLY."
FINE ARTS.-The Committee of Management of the
Apollo Association for the promotion of the Pine Arts in
the United States, hereby offer the sum of Five Hundred Dol-
lars for the best Historical Picture, of cabinet size, the work of an
American artist, the subject of which to beefs national character,
which shall be presented to them by the 1st day of September
aext.
This picture is designed to be engraved for distribution among
the members of the association ; the *blect of which is to encou-
rage American artists, as well as to increase and improve public
taste ; the committee therefore respectfully solicit, and confident-
lt rely upon, the co operation and efforts of the artists of our
reuntry, to enable them to publish a work which shall do honor to
American art, and serve to elevate the standard of taste.
As the committee, however, are determined to put forth no.
thing unworthy of the art, or the object of the association, they
are compelled to reserve the liberty of rejecting all that nisy be
offered, should there be none in their opinion worthy of the dis-
tinction or the object.
By order of the Committe of Management:
JOHN P. RIDNER,
ap 6-3aw6w Corresponding Secretary, New York.
ICHARD W. MEADE has filed his petition for
the benefit of the Bankrupt Law, which petition will be
heard before the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sit-


ring in Bankruptcy, in the Court-room in Washington county,
on the ninth day of May next, at 10 o'clock A. M. when
and where all persons interested may appear and show cause,
if any they hare, why the prayer of the said petitioner should not
be granted. By order of the Court. Test:
ap 18-3t WM. BRENT, Clerk.
RCHER CHEATHAM has filed his petition for the
benefit of the Bankrupt Law, which petition will be heard
before the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sitting in
Bankruptcy, in the Court-room in Washington county, on Monday,
the sixteenth day of May next, at 10 o'clock A. M., when
and where all persons interested may appear and show cause, if
any they have, why the prayer of the said petitioner should not
be granted. By order of the Court.
ap 20-3t Test; WM. BRENT, Clerk.


NATIONALL INTELLIGENCE.

STILL LATER
FROM OUR PARIS CORRESPONDENT.

PARIS, MARCH 28, 1842.
I send you by this conveyance a budget of Eng-
lish articles worth your fingering for a choice.
Portions of the debates in the House of Commons
on the income tax proposed by Sir ROBERT PEEL,
and some of the newspaper disquisitions on the
same subject, may prove instructive to the Ameri-
can reader. The general subject of taxation-on
both the theory and practice of which the British
should be the ablest teachers-is now investiga-
ted with all the lights of experience and science,
and the zeal and sagacity of party and class in-
terests.
Much curious and instructive matter is commu-
niclated to th Louduuon Press by its correspond-
ents at Lisbon, Madrid, and Constantinople. In
the Turkish capital the correspondent of the Lon-
don Morning Chronicle, (Col. WHITE,) who has
travelled extensively in the East, enjoys the re-
putation of being more versed in Mahommedan
concerns than any other observer. His opinions
and statements possess as much authority as those
of any of the diplomatic agents. The private let-
ters from China and India, inserted in the Lon-
don and, Paris gazettes, contain more circum-
stantial and graphic accounts than the official
documents or newspaper reports. I therefore
occasionally send you specimens. I would call
your attention to the discussions in the House of
Commons, on the 18th instant, touching the
growth and importation of tobacco, and to those
which Sir CHARLES NAPIER'S motions in the
House on the state and government of the British
navy have produced. They go home to Ameri-
can business and bosoms. The honest Admiral,
whose professional frankness and sturdy sense
deserve applause in general, was, however, justly
rebuked by Sir ROBERT PEEL for proclaiming that
the British fleet in the Levant would have been
beaten if it had been attacked by the French. A
naval officer should never admit-not even con-
ceive-the probability of defeat, with any thing
like an equality of force. The avowals or admis-
sions of Sir CHARLES have set the French editors
to calculating the respective number, size, and
metal of the ships at the period in question; and,
making their own inferior, or not more than equal,
on the whole, they conclude thus: "The supe-
riority which the Commodore ascribed to the
French fleet resulted, therefore, solely from the
excellence, the better composition and training,
of our crews. This is the first time, for one hun-
dred and fifty years, that an officer of the British
navy has expressed or raised a doubt of the irre-
sistible superiority of a British fleet." Sir CHAS.
NAPIER's language, which a brother Admiral and
Sir ROBERT PEEL endeavored to check and coun-
teract, will serve to animate the French in the
next maritime war between these lack-love neigh-
bors. It dispels, in a degree, an illusion or pre-
sentiment which was as Inspiriting for the one as
depressing for the other. Let no American officer
imagine that he ever can be beaten, or know when
he has been beaten. Baron PAUL DE BouRoOINO,
a peer, a minister plenipotentiary of France in
Bavaria, has just issued an octavo, with a map,
on what Germany has accomplished and under-
taken in railroads. The Minister, sensible how
foreign or domestic transactions are inquired into
by his countrymen, and how widely a knowledge of
their's is carried by the diffusion of the French lan-
guage, wished, first, to inform France of the pro-
gress and designs ofthe German Confederation in an
internal improvement so important to her in a mili-
tary point ofview,and, secondly,to excite in herpub-
lic councils and her oracles ofthe press an effective
emulation and alarm. At the same time he labors
to refute the opinion which the German travellers
and periodical writers have sedulously inculcated
of late-that France is the centre of all kinds of
extreme immorality, and the focus of all the bad
political passions which seek to propagate them-
selves every where for universal convulsion and
anarchy. He cites the French reforms in penal
law and the abolition of lotteries and gambling
tables ; reforms not yet attempted in Germany.
He thinks that Vienna is not entitled to twit Paris
on the score of morals; and that, if the same pub-
licity was given in Germany, as in France, to the
business of the criminal tribunals, the German re-
cords would be found heavier and more atrocious
than the French. Touching the French novels
and drama, so vehemently denounced for licen-
tiousness and infidelity, they are, he observes, con-
stantly pirated, translated, read, and played in all
the countries north and east of France, as well as
in the two southern peninsulas. This is strictly
true; and it might be added that London gets the
full benefit of them; not to say, besides, the two
Americas. This retort cannot be repelled: You
'have not the right to condemn France for what
'you eagerly adopt and keenly relish." M. DE
BOURGOINO obtained the most copious, accurate,
and instructive details of the German railroad en-
terprises ; he states that, in five years, all the great
capitals of Germany will be connected by them,
and Hamburg, Stettin, Frankfort with Trieste;
from west to cast the union will be the same, com-
bining the agency of the steam navigation on the
Rhine and Danube, and that of the Bavarian grand
junction canal between the two great rivers. In
five years, likewise, Belgium will be distant only
twenty-four hours from Berlin; Denmark, Switzer-
land, and Holland will be embraced in the German
plan, and all its political and commercial conse-
quences. The French minister and patriot lays
his chief stress on the vast iron line in a direction
parallel with the Rhine, which is to establish for
the Confederation a centre of military strength
only defensive in the present design, but with the
perpendicular roads to be alike executed capable
of being rendered subsidiary to combined aggres-
sion. France will be faced every way by all the
federal forces. That portion of the book which
relates to the transportation of horse, foot, and
artillery on railroads merits special heed on your
side of the Atlantic. There is an able new pamph-
let, by STOFFLET, entitled The Fortifications of
Paris examined in a Military point of view," which
shows how this capital would fare during siege and
bombardment, and that the greater part of it and
of the continuous wall would be exposed to the


fire of the detached fortresses.
While the French Government, for self-protec-
tion, pursues, at an immense cost, the fortification
of Paris, so obnoxious to a large part of the capi-
tal and the nation, the German rulers, in complete
unison between themselves and with all descrip-
tions of capitalists and population, and by all in-
strumentalities, joint and several, are fast fortify-
ing their dominions in a way that shall yield them
every advantage of politics, stratagem, trade, cus-


toms, and military league. All Germany marches
thus towards France; but here, though noble cor-
relative projects are admirably prepared and pro-
pounded, the conflict of local and party interests,
and cabinet considerations, seem continually to
prevent any mere commencement on which reli-
ance can be placed.
Professor MICHEL CHEVALIER has collected and
distributed, in a large octavo pamphlet of forty-
five pages, his Letters written during his recent
tour in Germany, and inserted in the Revue des
Deux Mondes of the 1st inst. They relate mainly
to the Austrian Government, and the character
and condition of its subjects. Here is an acute,
enlightened, practical observer, and a faithful, ju-
dicious, and perspicuous reporter, who transfers
his impressions and reflections fresh to his page.
He dissipates not a few of the unfavorable ideas of
the Austrian monarchy, common in the liberal
countries. At Nuremberg, he speaks of King
Louis of Bavaria as imitating Louis XIV, by
magnificent edifices and vast citadels, and the no-
ble canal which, in connecting the Rhine and
Danube, will join the North and BIacX-Bss.
This work is nearly and well finished, under
the superintendence of an engineer of seventy
years old, who pursues with juvenile ardor what
he told the tourist had been his fond night and
day dream from his youth. The Sovereign of Ba-
varia has been a little arbitrary with his Parlia-
ment; he has excluded from it all lawyers. This
was the policy of some of the earliest Republican
communities of Southern Europe. In Bohemia,
Professor CHEVALIER found a believing, obedient,
and contented people, who, in the thirty years
past, have made as much progress as any other of
Europe in physical concerns. At the same time
he saw that their elementary education was good,
their enjoyment of music vivid and nearly univer-
sal; and he was particularly struck, as a French-
man accustomed to a fitful, fanciful, over-eager,
and sometimes very turbulent existence, all around
him, with the quiet, sobriety, and equable confi-
dence of Bohemian and Austrian life. The Gov-
ernment he represents to be truly paternal, scarcely less sen-
sible of its duties than tenacious of its prerogatives: laboring
to substitute a popular for an aristocratic monarchy; study-
ing, originating, or aiding public improvements of every de-
scription. Prince METTERNICH has been at the head of
Austrian politics for thirty-five years; the higher function-
aries in every branch of administration are reputed the most
capable men of the empire; they have, in general, raised
themselves by merit, through the subordinate grades of office,
and they are secure in their preferment while they carry
out-as they do, for the most part, by the force ot habit and
personal probity-the ameliorating system of the State. Ru-
dimental education is obligatory for every family: parents
that neglect to send their children to school incur severe pen-
alties; and practical and professional instruction has obtained
every possible assistance: what the Emperor FRANCIS meant
when he said that he did not desire or love sarans, was, that
he would discountenance the race of conceited, metaphysical,
skeptical theorists who make generations of mere dreamers or
wild innovators, instead of straightforward intelligence,
productive and effective with regard to the essential weal
and ends of all human society. M. CHEvALIER happily
contrasts the effects of Austrian practice with those of French
speculation. He witnessed in the Austrian empire adminis-
trative success in the situation of the masses; thorough, affec-
tionate royalism in return, and a common satisfaction with
the order and tendency of things. The French and the
Spaniards," he remarks, have ceased to be monarchical,
the Austrians, on the contrary, remain so to the very marrow
of their bones; patriotism with them means loyalty-with us,
the antagonist sentiment." He concludes that the spirit or
current of the age requires, for European condition, intellec-
tual and social, more than ever, the breakwaters of religious
and political authority-the altar and the throne, with ade-
quate power, lending themselves to gradual and systematic
reform. He thinks that it will be long before the peaceful,
compliant, and laborious Bohemian and Austrian hives will
be disturbed by Revolution. At Dresden he says: Here
is an enlightened people; fond of the arts; industrious and
skilful; upright and frank; of amiable manners and affec-
tionate nature. The German nation seems to me specially
endowed with kindness-that precious quality which sof-
tens the asperities of life. The Saxons surpass all the other
Germans in this gift. They are the most industrious, too,
in manufactures and the useful arts; but that does not pre
vent them from being eminent in the culture of letters and
the fine arts."
La Revue des Deux Mondes contains communications from
a French resident at Macao, which give the whole history of
the opium quarrel and the proceedings of the British down
to September last. The intelligent writer thinks that Chi.
nese prejudice, pride, resentment, cunning, and endurance
will prove too much in the end for British power. There
can never be such a reconciliation as will assure unmolested
and permanent relations of any kind. In the Conglitutionnel
there is a communication from another French sojourner in
China, who states that the Americans were active and lucky
in the contraband trade, and inspired the English with strong
jealousy. We have a Paris edition of Coor-a's new novel
The Two Admirals, in the original. I see that it is roughly'
handled in the London Althenaeum, usually kind to American
books. Last week it was announced in the Paris journals that
" the illustrious American novelist, Sir FENNIMORE COOPER,
was expected in a few days at Rennes," the chief city of Britta-
ny. His name is more familiar in the French circulating libra-
ries than that of any other artificer of romance. Mr. WSHEA-
TON's tract of 175 pages, entitled Enquiry into the Validity of
this British Claimto a right of Visitation and Search of Ame-
rican Vessels suspected to be engaged in the African Stave
Trade, has come to us from London beautifully printed. The
price, six francs, must confine it to a few readers for the mo-
ment, but I hope to see a translation of it into French in a com.
paratively cheap form for the continental market. The French
public are predisposed to receive American arguments and
feelings on this subject. Mr. WHEATON has treated it com-
prehensively and clearly. His "Elements of International
Law" have invested his name with authority in Great Britain
on all such questions. He has quoted Lord STOWELL to some
purpose. The oracle can be consulted by one as well as the
other party. All the Paris journals have noticed favorably
the pamphlet of Gen. CASs. Most of them have admitted a
translation of the greater part of Mr. WesaTER'S instructions
to Mr. EVERETT, respecting the case of the Creole. Some
express regret that the American internal or coast slave trade
should be pursued and officially defended at the risk of a war
with Great Britain. They cannot embrace the whole ques-
tion, and I trust that there is no real risk of a calamity which
would, necessarily and incalculably, exceed, for the Southern
States, the evil which Mr. WEBSTER so forcibly represents
and resists. I transmitted to you without delay the decisive
proceedings in the House of Lords, on the 14th ultimo, with
regard to the case of the Creole. What may be called the
combination or coalition of the great law Lords on that occa-
sion to expound the case has a singular aspect. Lord DaE-
MAN seemed to forget in his speech that England had ever
pursued the slave trade or maintained anywhere negro sla-
very. Until the laws in each country were such as a chris-
'tian country ought to adopt, they could not be enforced in
another I" The bill presented 19th ultimo to the French


Chamber of Deputies for an extensive modification ot the
criminal code, recites that the extradition (surrender) of
Frenchmen, who had committed crimes in a foreign country
to foreign jurisdiction, was forbidden by the rules of French
public law. The preamble says: The cause of this
interdict or omission is to be found in a false application
of a principle incontestable in itself, viz, that the laws
of police and security are essentially territorial; they
are obligatory on Frenchmen and strangers while on the
territory; they do not follow them beyond the frontiers ; the
right of punishing, which springs from the right ot sove.
r eignty, expires on the very frontiers." The bill provides


VOL. XXX.


nuous spectacle of a more numerous, gay, nimble.footed and
nimble-witted population, out of doors, than could be seen in
any other metropolis in Christendom. The lover of eloquence
Sand music here has a real privilege in the free access, through-
Sout Lent, to so many churches, wherein, daily or hourly, the
"pealing anthem" is to be heard, so perfectly executed, and
the pulpit is filled by olators fully accomplished. I might
Mention at least ten preachers whom I could, after due inqui.-
ry into the state of pulpit oratory elsewhere, pronounce to be
Superior to any the same number officiating for any other
Community.
S The Abb6 DE RAVIOsNA, the first, I think, in popularity,
Shas the grand Cathedral Notre Dame, which admits about
Five thousand persons; and he has filled it at each of his set
or principal soamons, Hi work may give you an idea of th


WASHINGTON: FRIDAY, APRIL 22, 1842;


.... 5 No. 9105. .


that "every Frenchman who hae committed withc ii
'territory of the kingdom an act qualified as crime j-
'French law, may be, on his return to France, there prosecu-
ted and judged, if he has not been acquitted in the foIbreign
country." Belgium, Prussia, Switzerland, and Sardinia
had already adopted this jurisprudence, and remonstrated with
France on the impunity afforded at home to French fugitives
from foreign justice. The French Government surrenders no
political refugees; as to other foreign offenders, it acknowledges
no obligation except ihal of treaties; it has conventi.)n. uI'
reciprocity on this head with several powers, and it recipro-
cates extradition with Great Britain, for instance, without
any subsisting stipulation; but some of the ablest French
constitutional jurists deny it the right of so doing.
I intended, but accidentally omitted, to mention to you in
my letter of the 17th, when noticing the renewal of hibe char.
ter of the Bank of Rouen, that, on the day before, the Min-
ister of Finance submitted to the Chamber of Peers the bill
which had passed the Deputies, with an ample exposition of
the views and rules of the Government respecting piper tur-
rency and banks, and an account of the limited powers and
operations of the Departmental institutions independent on
the Bank ofFrance. This report may be found in the'J Ijni-
teur of the 17th instant, and should be consulted by all a ho
-would understand how the irFtil sy'em is effectuallyv on.
trollate under statute provision and executive isterverniton.
In indicating to you British debates, I might have included
that on the Exchequer bill forgeries, looking to the general
applicability of the maxims and conditions of indemnity enun-
ciated by the Ministry. We have information from Rsme
that the celebrated Cardinal ANIELO MAI has completed a
task on which he has been engaged for ten years-an edhion
of the New Testament, with the various readings of all th"e
manuscripts extant in the libraries of Rome and the rest of
Italy, and with numerous notes, archailogical and philological.
The text which he has chosen as the basis of his edition is
that of the famous manuscript No. 1209 (16th century) of
the library of Vatican. The Papal Government is about to
publish at its cost a fae simile, engraved on copper, of that
manuscript, which is in gilt uncial letters, and words not sep-
arated. As a copy is to be sent to all the sovereigns of Clris-
tendom, our Consul at Rome must take care to put in a c him
for the People, if not the President, of the United States.
Ninety-three letters of LINNzus to the great Dutch botanist
DE JACQUIIN, who died at Vienna in 1817, at the good age of
ninety-one, have been published this month in that capital.
They were inedited, bear date between 1757 and 1777, and
are said to contain not only scientific facts and observations
highly important, but very interesting particulars of the pri-
vate life of the Swedish botanist. The collection is dedicated
to the King of Sweden. Viscount D'ARLINcounT, Whose
monstrous rhapsodies were once read in our country, has put
forth his travels in .Germany and the North, under the title
The Pilgrim, in three octavos, price four dollars and a half.
His pages are elaborately and affectedly monarchical and
legitimist; and the Legitimists have already detached his re-
ports of his intercourse with the family of the exiled Bbur-
bons, in a thin pamphlet, at twenty cents, for political re-
animation.
PARIs, MARCH 30, 1842.
More than a fortnight of this month has been quite cold
and harsh, and occasionally tempestuous. In some quarters,
ihe most open, few families escaped illness more or less se-
vere. The necrology of the month embraces names of con-
siderable repute: in Paris, CHHU]BINI, the musical clas-
sic, so long the head of the Paris Conservatory; at Goltingen,
the philosophical and statistical historian, HEEREN, of whose
thirty octavos, two, I believe, have been translated in the
United States; at Civita Vecchia, theFrench Consul, BATLE,
who wrote as a dilettante& under the name of" De Stenidhal;"
at Geneva, Sir FRANCIS D'IVERNOIS, whose tracts on financial
and political subjects recommended him to the particular pat-
ronage and friendship of PITT, and gave him a general cele-
brity and authority from the early stages of the French Re-
volution to the epoch of NAPOLEON's overthrow. I ltlves/
of the two first, and the last mentioned, defunct, were pro-' '-
tracted beyond eighty years. Notwithstanding the iricle-
meney of the weather the processions of vehicles and crowds
of gazers, during the three days of Longchamps, in the Holy
Week, surpassed on the whole those of either of the three
last years. But they are always monotonous. I was more
struck with an Arab steed which the Pasha of Egypt pre-
sented to Count ROHAN CHABOT, late French Consul Gene-
ral at Alexandria, than with the equipages of Colonel THORN,
or any of the French millionaires. On Good Friday the
great theatres, dependent on the Government, announced as
usual a suspension of performances; and, for the first time
since 1830, or the Revolution of July, the Police invited the
secondary theatres to close their doors, likewise, for the even-
ing; they were fain to assent, but some of the Liberat jour-
nals complained next day of the tyranny thus exercised over
the drama, and the privation arbitrarily inflicted on the peo-
ple. Throughout the week, between dawn and sunset, there
was scarcely any intermission of worship and ceremonies in
the churches, which were constantly filled. The most emi-
nent pulpit orators preached morning and evening. It seemed
to be the aim of the clergy, in some of the principal temples,
to convince the public of the superiority of the sacred music
of the old masters over the masterpiece of RoaSNm, which I
have heretofore described to you. PEROOLEsE's Stabat was,
indeed, so executed that the hearer might regret or reject the
possibility of its being superseded. Plainchant, after all, is
what "lifts the soul to heaven." On Good Friday, when
there was little music to be heard, I saw multitudes of the
middle ranks at the doors of the cathedrals, unable to find
place within, and hundreds of them kneeling on the pave-
ment at their devotions. It must be confessed, however, that
very few male individuals of the working classes ever take
part in the religious exercises: they assemble near the
churches to gaze at the equipages and processions, anid spend
the holidays, sacred and prolane, in reckless dissipation. Eas-
ter Sunday I went early to ihe basilick of St. Eu6iache, dis-
tant a mile and a half from my dwelling. On the way I
met three companies of horse, and more of infantry, regulars
and national guards, at intervals. I passed into the Place
Carousel, where there was a grand military review. Crowds
of well dressed people were hastening across to the annual ex-
hibition ofthe Fine Arts, in the gallery of the Louvre. I got
into the nave of St. E ustache, and heard part ef a mass, splen-
did in the altar-service and the choir; but the post became
untenable from the pressure of the crowd. I accomplished
my retreat multo opere et sueore, and gained the long street
at. Honors, to return by it, against Myriads hastening to the
places of worship, or to the stations of the public vehicles of
every description, ready for country excursions. Mounted
guards were posted at the corners of the streets, particularly
near the church of St. Roch, to which the troops and the
eager mob in the neighborhood gave the air of an invested
citadel. Some squares above I found a concourse, wonJer-
ing at the carcase of an enormous calf hung at a butcher's
shop, and professionally dressed to admiration. It was deco-
rated with ribands ofdiffsrent colors, and had a label is the
centre, stating that it weighed five hundred French pdtnds
when killed-nineteen weeks old. I pushed into the shop, and
saw the authentic certificates. A little further, at a fruit
and vegetable store, I was attracted by a basket of sturdy
American sweet potatoes-price, three francs per pound The
weather being fine, I entered, about half-past two, n omni-
bus, at one of the northwestern gates of the city, and pro-
ceeded to the ether extremity, along the boulevards, and re-
turned in another, partly by the quays and Champs Blys6es.
This excursion of an hour and a half afforded me the conti-


%W--






aiben of these Lent missionaries. He preached seventeen
times in six days; he conducted, at private hours, what is
Called a spiritual retreat for between two and three thousand
men and male youth exclusively, consisting, in part, of sa-
vases, literati, artists, magistrates, professors, pupils of the
Polytechnic and other Government schools, and grey-bearded
officers. At eight o'clock, on Easter Sunday, he adminis-
tered the sacrament to nearly all of them, after solemnizing
alus. He then ascended the pulpit, and, extending his hands,
mid: "I have strength enough to bless you. God may now
take me to himself." The Abb6 has the appearance of some
thirty-five or forty years; a tall person; oval face, with re-
gular features ; a high, bald forehead ; and, altogether, a very
plous expression. What with his exhausted and sanctified
exterior and the devotional collectedness ef his extraordinary
lock, it was a peculiar and impressive scene. Yesterday we
attended at Outr Lady of Loretto, to hear the Abb6 BAUTAIN,
the ci-dcvait disciple of COUsIN, now a Christian oracle of
renown. The magnificent church was filled, but whoever
can bear an hour or two of contemplation, or reading in ad-
vance, can secure a chair near enough to the pulpit. BAU-
TAn seeme older than DO RAVIsNAN ; his delivery is less ve-
hement; his strain more strictly argumentative; his subdued
Intensity of thought and diction-his terse, well-tempered
rhetoric, have an equal effect with the more serious and criti-
cal listeners. His subject was the indispensableness of unity
in the church-Catholic Puseyism.
The fashionable and official soiries were suspended during
the Holy Week, and began anew on Monday. Yesterday I
visited two, along with Mr. WHEATON. At Mr. GUITOT'S,
we found a numerous and brilliant assembly of both sexes ;
not the les eo because the Cabinet is deemed undemolishable
but by the approaching elections. The Minister of Foreign
Affairs wore a satisfied, healthy aspect, and signified to Mr.
WHlATON, when we accosted him, his general content with
the tract on the Claim of Search. Your climate, certainly,
has not been injurious to the representatives of the French
Government in the United States. Five of the exes were
present at this snir.e-Baron PCsnot, at the age of seventy i
Baron DC MAaguiL, not far under; Count Dx SsEava,|a, like-
wise; Count DR PONTOis, from Constantinople; and M. DE
BasMON, from Berlin-all in good condition. I conversed
with three of them, and much with some dignitaries of Ori-
ental service, who think that the British will fail in the Epis-
copal experiment at Jerusalem. I cannot agree with them.
Professor BLANHti related to me the hardships of his recent
equestrian tour in the Turkish empire. At the other soires,
I heard, from a principal member of the French West India
Committee, an amusing account of the causes and mode of
the prevention of the intended Anti-Slavery World's Con-
vention. The British delegates reported, on their return to
London, that they were hospitably entertained, and accom-
plished as much, probably, by social intercourse as they could
have done in the fulfilment of their original mission. They
have left no traces. The London Sun, of the day before
yesterday, announces, from "a source entitled to confidence,"
that "King Loueis PHILIPPE is far gone in a dropsy, which
excites the most serious apprehensions." On the same day,
I saw him apparently in excellent health. In thesame num-
ber of the Sun, that luminary, noticing Mr. CLAY'S resigna-
tion of his seat in the Senate, says : Mr. CLAY'S popularity
has declined in Great Britain, in consequence of the mark-
ed manner in which he has mixed himself up with Mr.
WIsE and others, in opposition to the noble efforts of J. Qt.
ADAMs for the amelioration of slavery in the United States."
The news, just received, of the protest of your Treasury
notes at New York, does not brighten our faces or raise our
heads in this meridian. We rejoice that the Hogan case
evaporated. The Madrid advices of this day are to the 23d.
No popular disturbances. Although the proffered aegis ol
British potency for ENPARTzRo's Government rejoiced Ezecu.
tive and Cortes at Madrid, yet much jealousy and distrust of
the British designs on the Spanish islands prevailed there. Ca-
talonia clamored anew against the idea of a commercial treaty.
Doubts are rife here about the success of Sir RoBeRT PZEL'e
plan of an income tax. Nevertheless, it appears to me certain.
Great stress is laid in the Paris papers of this morning on a
supposed misunderstanding between Great Britain and the
aSublime Ports. Sir RoEaRT has nothing to fear in that quar-
ter. The new constitution for Geneva, reported to the Con-
vention of the Canton by its committee, satisfies neither
Radicals nor Conservatives, and is likely to be rejected by the
people. The American merchants resident in Paris have
prepared a memorial to your Congress, asking, upon very
strong grounds, the substitution of specific duties on French
goods, jewelry, &c., for the ad valorem system. They allege
that a company has been formed in Paris for the purpose of
either smuggling or passing goods into the United States
sunderAJfi. entries, for which service the charges are only five
_.... .- piEt. Enclosed you have an interesting choice of the
latest newspaper articles.

PARAGRAPHS FROM THE LATEST PARIS PAPERS
BKNCLOSED IN THE ABOTv LETTER.
A letter from Constantineple, 21 instant, in the Augsburg
Gazette, states that the Porte has, upon the united remun-
strances of the British Ambassador and the Austrian Inter-
nuncio, officially recognized the Protestant Bishop of Jeru-
salem.
The news from Syria is still finicting. The Porte has
not dared to refuse the British Ambassador the personal pro-
tection which he demanded for the Bishop of Jerusalem, but
it hopes that the fanaticism of the Catholics and Jews will
drive him out of Syria.
The Emperor Nicholas (says a letter from St. Petersburg)
will celebrate the 25th anniversary of his marriage on the
13th July, at Peterhof. A million of silver roubles is to be ex-
pended on,the occasion.
The Emperor of Russia has published a decree relative to
the conversion of Jews in Russia to the Christian religion.
The decree extends to them many advantages, such as ex-
emption from certain taxes, privileges of trading, &c.
A Madrid letter of the 20th states that the budget of re-
c ipts for 1842 has just been distributed amongst the members
of the two Chambers. It amounts to 871,730,641 reals, being
less by 46,285,363 reals than the budget of receipts in the pro.
ceding year. It is generally thought, however, says our cor-
respondent, that the amount of receipts is exaggerated, and
that thereal revenue does not exceed 700,000,000 reals. The
gross deficit of the Spanish revenue, without reckoning what
is due to the clergy, is 662,425,404 reals.
The Sstinelte de Toulon gives the following from Algiers,
March 19th : The Governor General returned on Sunday
from his journey to Blidah. He went there, on the represen-
tations ot a spy to enter into negotiations with Sidi Embar-
ack, Ben Salem, and the Scheick of the Hadjoutes. These
Arab chiefs were to make, according to the declaration of the
spy, a full submission. The affair looked well; but, after a
few days spent in uneasy expectation at Blidah, the Gover-
nor perceived that he had lheen duped, and that his adversa-
ries had nothing less in view than to persuade him to under-
take a step which might give them an opportunity of taking
him prisoner. A cloud of horsemen rose in all directions
over the plain of Mitidjah, and the Governor immediately
had the spy seized by his Moorish cavalry, and returned with
him to Algiers. Thus the matter remains, Ben Salem and
the others declaring that they never had any idea but to fight
as long as they had a man capable of bearing arms."
The Tags packet has arrived at Marseilles from Algiers,
which she left on the 20:h, at which time the Governor-
General was continuintg to receive submissions. A letter of
the 19th, brought by the Tags, states that on the 14th Gen.
Changarnuer left Blidah, in order to execute a razzia ameonvgt
the H-djoutes in the woods of Karesas. He returned on
the 17mh with 500 prisoners and 3,000 head of cattle.
The Moniteur Ottoman of March 1 says: The trou-
bles which had broken out in the Lebanon are entirely re-
presed, and the most perfect peace is re-established between
theDrusee and the Maronites. The Seraskier Pacha, after
having attained the (bject of his mission, endeavored to put
the fAoishing stroke tu it. by organizing, with hii accustomed
skill, a system of administration based on justice, and suit-
able to the wants of the people. The Prince of the Moun-


tain, the Emir Beschir-El-Cassim, has been deprived of his
post, and sent to Constantinople. The Seraskier Pacha has
yielded to the request of the Druses, and appointed Omer
Pacha, General ot Brigade, to the place thus left vacant."
The number of bodies thrown on the coasts of France,
from Boulogne to Dunkirk, in consequence of the storm of
the 10th instant, amounts, says the Courrier du Nord, to
one hundred and fifty.
The following is a progressive statement of the consump-
tion of sugar in France since 1815: In that year it was
10000000 of kilogrammes; in 1816, 34000,000; in 1818,
36000000; in 1820, 48000000; in 1822. 55,000000; in
1826, 61,000,000; in 1827. 62000000; in 18-29, 67000,000;
in 1831 80,000,000; in 1833,86 000 000; in 1837,92 000.000;
in 1840, it amounted to considerably msre than 100,000,000
kilogrammes; and the consumption in 1841 in stated to have
been 120I,000,000. In the reign of Henry IV, about two
centuries and a half ago, sugar was so tare in France that it
was sold only at the apothecaries by the ounce. In 1700 the
consumption of this article did not exceed 1,000,000 kils.,
which in proportion to the then population was, s'tthe ave-
rtge, 8 kils. and 1-100 for each person, Ihe number of inha-
bitants being 16 000,000. It was only from the commence-
ment of the 18h century that the taste for sugar began t,>
Increase, and in 1789 the consumption was up to 23,000,000
kilogrammes.
It appears, by recent accounts from Trieste, that, notwith-
standing the efforts made to improve the trade of that port,
t Is stUi declining. It ie ceasing to be the principal depot


for the supply of Austria, and the exports and imports for THE UNITED STATES AND GREAT BRITAIN.
1841 show the same progressive decrease as they did in 1840
and 1839. The falling off in the last year, as compared THE RIGHT OF SEARCH.
with the preceding, was 29,000,000fr. in the imports, and
6,000,000fr. in the exports. In 1840, as compared with 1839, Lord Aberdeen's Reply to the Note of Mr. Stevenson.
Ihe total deficit was between 14,000,000fr. and 15,000,000t1r.
This has arisen chiefly from the depot of colonial produce, The undersigned, &e. has the honor of addressing to Mr.
and from merchandise in transit fr consumption in Europe. EVERETT, &c. the observations which he feels called upon to
To these losses by Trieste must be added a decrease of the make in answer to the note of Mr. Stevenson, dated on the
Austrian coasting trade with Dalmatia and the Venetian 21st of October.
States, to the amount of about 8,000,000rr. The principal As that communication only reached the hands of the un-
articles of depot, such as sugar, coffee, cotton, gums, wax, designed on the day after the departure of Mr. Stevenson
silks, and wools, are put down in the deficit of imports at from London, on his return to America, and as there has
about 19,000,000fr., without including dried fruits, which are since been no Minister or Charge d'Affaires from the United
reckoned at 6,000,000fr. at the least. The corn counts for States resident in this country, the undersigned has looked
but a small portion. The relations between Trieste and the with some anxiety for the arrival of Mr. Everett, in order that
Levant and Italy are the most important to her, and those he might be enabled to renew his diplomatic intercourse with
with France, England, and America are becoming annually an accredited representative of the Republic. Had the un-
less and less important. France and Algeria reckon on her designed entertained no other purpose than to controvertthe
imports and exports for about 8,000,0001'r.; England counts arguments of Mr. Stevenson, or to fortify his own, in treat-
for at least double this sum. The imports at Trieste, from ing of the matter which has formed the subject of their cor-
France, restrained as they are by the Austrian prohibitive respondence, he would have experienced little impatience:
system, have been reduced by nearly 2,000,000fr. They are but, as it is his desire to clear up doubt and to remove misap-
composed of articles for local consumption and foreign pro- prehension, he feels that he cannot too early avail himself of
duce, partly destined for re-exportation. The exportations, the presence of Mr. Everett at his post to bring to his know-
though under restraint, have increased in a slight degree. ledge the true state of the question at issue.
The Commerce says that, on the application of General T'he undersigned agrees with Mr. Stevenson in the im-
Bugeaud for troops, the Goernment hass given ordersto for- portance of arriving at a clear understanding of the matter
ward aforeatprtofpstheho nmenhp sgivetofor- really intdispute. This ought to be the first object in the dif-
ward a great part of the home d6pots to Algeria. fererces of States, as well as of individuals-, and, happily,
A project for a Constitution has been presented to the Con- it is often the first step to the reconciliation of the parties.
stituent Assembly of Geneva. It contains several paragraphs In the present case, this understanding is doubly essential,
taken from the French Charter. Those declaring allcitizens because a continuance of mistake and error may be produc-
to be equal in the eye of the law, those concerning individual live of the most serious consequences.
liberty, rights of property, and the freedom of the press, and Mr. Stevenson persists in contending that the British Gov.
the provisions restrictive of this liberty, with the censorship, ernment assert a right which is equivalent to the claim of
&c., seem to be modelled upon the French Constitution. searching American vessels in time of peace. In proof of
This, Mr. Stevenson refers to a passage in a former note of
We find the following letter from Vienna, 20th instant, in Viscount Palmerston addressed to himself, against which he
the Swabian Mercury : The central office for the railroads strongly protests, and the doctrine contained in which he says
of the State is formed, and about 50 nominations have been the undersigned is understood to affirm.
made. A loan of 60,000,000 florins, at 5 per cent., for these Now, it is not the intention of the undersigned to inquire
undertakings, is talked of. A sinking fund for its redemp- into the precise importland force of the expressions of Vis-
tion will, it is said, be formed out of the receipts of the roads." count Palmerston. These might have been easily explained
A deputation from the committee of wine-growers and per- to Mr. Stevenson by their author at the time they were writ-
sons engaged in the wine and brandy trade of the Gironde ten; but the undersigned must requeat that hi. doctrines up-
;.J --ii&,,- Prefect at Bordeaux on the 22d instant, for on this subject, and those of the Government of which he is
the purpose of laying before him the depressed state of the the organ, may be judged of exclusively from his own decla-
trade, and presenting him with a petition on the subject, in ration.
which they solicit him to bring their complaints under the The undersigned again renounces, as he has already done,
consideration of his Majesty's Government, and support their in the most explicit terms, any right on the part of the Brit-
remonstrances against the laws and regulations which op- ish Government to search American vessels in time of peace.
press this branch of industry. The p-titioners attribute the The right of search, except when specially conceded by
position of which they desire the amelioration to two leading treaty, is a purely belligerent right, and can have no existence
causes-the high protecting duties in France upon foreign on the high seas during peace. The undersigned apprehends,
products, which have induced other States, by way of repri- however, that the right of search is not confined to the veri-
sal, to lay heavy duties upon French wines and brandies, so fiction of the nationality of Ihe vessel, but also extends to
as almost to exclude them from their markets, and the high the object of the voyage and the nature of the cargo. The
amount of the octroi-duty in France, which prevents persons sole purpose of the British cruisers is to ascertain whether
of limited means from becoming consumers to the extent the vessels they meet with are really American or not. The
which they 0suld be but for this duty. right asserted has in truth no resemblance to the right of
Search either in principle or practice. It is simply a right to
On Monday the Committee on the Budget heard the Mi satisfy the party who has a legitimate interest in knowing the
nisters of War, Foreign Affairs, and Marine. Marshal truth that the vessel is what her colors announce. This
Soult gave explanations relating to his department, which is right we concede as freely as we exercise. The British crui-
divided into three grand sections-the home service, Algeria, ers are not instructed to detain American vessels under any




adition, 100,00 mte n w illepassrintothe reserved, notwi ding 1 h, hd t not beenstcted to mestin Americanepeae pnderotes
and extraordinary works The two first, which comprehend lionsothei reative that theyGv re ofter
the expenses of the army, give a total Of 295,909,733 fr. for circumstaincesowhaliterver.encewthe otrary, they sarer ordee

Marshal anudt showed thhorses. measures wellte-produced sUotherwise. But where reasonable suspicion exists that the
reductions, a company for every battalion will be taken way American flag has been abused for the purpose of covering
from each regiment of the line and of light infantry. In the vessels of another nation, it would appear scarcely aredi-




29,893,242 fr., in consequence of several augmentations, dispensably necessary for ascertaining the truth.
which will require a sum of 2,763,650 fr. These augment. The undersigned had contended, in his former note, that
tions are intended to give a supplement to the pay of the the legitimate inference from the arguments of Mr. Stevenson
troops in garisn in Paris and the baniee. The Minister would practically extend even tothesanction of piracy, when
also demanded several large sums for increasing the number the persons engaged in it should think fit to shelter them-
of officers in the new staff arrangements for the general in- selves under the flag of the United States. Mr. Stevemaon
spectrion of gendarmerie; for expenses of the reserve; for observes that this is a misapprehension on the part of the un-
allowing a higher price for horses; for increase of charges in designed; and he declares that, in denying the right of in-
the transport of baggage, and for some changes in the home- terfering with vessels under the American flag, he intended
service. A discussion arose on each of these points, and se- to limit his objection to vessels bonafide American, and not
veral of the items were reserved, notwithstanhdiong the argu- to those belonging to nations who might fraudulently haive
ments of the Marshal. The Bundge ut fr the Marine, divided assumed the flg of the United States. But it appears tothe
intotwo sections, amounts to 98,763,026 fr., including 4s440,- undersigned that huis former statement is by no means satis-
00undersignedtthatdhisrformersstatementaishbyinedmeans sa0i,-
fr. for extraordinary works already authorized, and 2,400,-factorily controverted by the declaration of Mr. Stevenson.
000fr. for the construction of transatlantic packet-boats. Put- How is this bona fide to be proved Must not Mr. Steven.
ting asie these two charges, (both temporary.) the budget son either be prepared to maintain that the flag alone is nsuffi-
for the Marine amounts to 91,923,026fr. The committee ient evidence of the nationality of the vessel, which, in the
was unanimously ofopinion that no reduction was required face of his own repeated admissions he cannot do, or must he







arive part ofthe budgereut. Accocin of thhilifte i- s i owtnt rotepUnited Sa teis s ton crannt dotainmustoreis
in teo pari2t of the budget. iot confess that the application of his arguments would real-
The National expresses its satisfaction that something is ly afford protection to every lawless and piratical enterprise It
at length to bae done to place France on a better footing as The undersiigned has also expressed his belief that the
regards war steamers, but observes that the steam navy of practice was general of ascertaining, by visit, the real cha-
France will for many years be inferior to that of Great Bri- ractier of any vessel on the high seas against which there
tain, even though the latter should remain stationary. In should exist reasonable ground of suspicion. Mr. Steven-i
England, says the National, there are 85 war steamers, of son denies this; and he asks what other nation than Great
which 68 are fully equipped, and there are besides 15 build- Britaint has ever asserted or attempted to exercise such a
ing, whereas France has only 47, including those which are right In answer to this question, the undersigned can at
on the stocks. Nor is it in number alone, adds our con- onde refer to the avowed and constant practice of the United
temporary, that the Fiench are inferior; the English steam- States, whose cruisers, especially in the Golf of Mexico, by
ers, it says, are more powerful and of greater speed. The the admission of their public journals, are notoriously in the
National then pays a high compliment to the activity and habit of examintinr all suspicions vesilss wthe ab oilihn







tionet inan rtile n te sme ubjctexpesss is stis nAeria th ag english inta o any onggeerIn w onste eys reheof
energy of the English, with whom three months suffice forunder the Euglish the or ay other. In whose eyes are these
the building of a steamer, and six weeks for putting in tie vessels suspicious t Doubtless in those of the commanders
engine and boilers, whereas in France years are required to of the American cruisers. But, in truth, this right is quite
arrive at the same result. According to the bill of the Min- as important to the United States as to Great Britain ; nor is
sister of Marine, 23 new war steamers are to be built, which, it easy to conceive how the maritime intercourse of mankind
added to the 40 now existing and 7 on the stock, will make could obe safely carried on without such a check.
a total of 70. The National observes that the 23 sew steam It can scarcely be necessary to remind Mr. Everett, that
era will not, according to the plan proposed, be all built untl the right thus claimed by Great Britain is not exorcised for
ten years shall have elapsed, at the end of which time the- any selfish purpose. It is asserted in the interest of hums
steam navy of France will beinfirior to that of England, al- nity, and in mitigation of the sufferings of our fellow-men.
though that country should not in the meantime build a single The object has met with the concurrence of the whole civi-
new steamer. The National concludes its article by a quota- lized world, including the United States of America, and it
tion from a speech of Admiral Duperre last year, in which he ought to receive universal assistance and support.
said that France had at that time 75 war steamers, of which The undersigned cannot abstain here from referring to the
41 were afloat, and the others building. Our contemporary conduct of an honorable and zealous officer, commanding the
calls the attention of its readers to this quotation and to the naval force of the United States on the coast of Africa, who,
bhll now before the Chamber, in order to show the error into relying on the sincere desire of his Government for the sup-
which the Minister of Marine had fallen. The Constitf. pression of the slave trade, and sensible of the abuse of the
tionnel, in an article om the same subject, expresses its satis- American flag, entered into an engagement on the 1lth of
faction that attention has been excited in France to the March, 1840, with the officers in command of her Majesty's
importance of a steam navy, but complains that sufficient cruisers on the same station, by which they mutually request-
importance is not attached to the mode of construction both ed each other, and agreed to detain all vessels under Ameri-
of the vessels themselves and of their machinery. As regards can colors employed in the traffic. If found to be American
the latter, says the Constitutionnel, France is very far behind property, such vessels were to be delivered over to the coma-
the English, and is still tributary to England for her engines. mander of any American cruiser on the station ; or, if be-


EXPLOSIONS OF STEAM-BOiLERS.

To tme Honorable Senators and Members of the House of
Representatives.
GENTLEMEN: Having been credibly informed that a Mr.
Raub has been actively employed of late in representing to
many of you that I am engaged in infringing on his patent,
I am therefore reluctantly compelled to take the liberty of ad-
dressing you for the purpose of correcting his misrepreserta-
tions, which are entirely false in every particular. And it is
only necessary to enable you to satisfy yourselves of tha!
fact, to refer to my card which I had the honor of forwarding
to you in the early part of the present session. By that you
will see that the operation of my safety-guard for preventing
explosions depends upon the temperature of the steam and
boiler fusing an alloy, whilst his pretended invention de-
pends upon the raising or falling of the water by means of a
float placed in the boiler. There never could be two ma-
chines moredissimilar. Now the facts are directly the reverse
He is engaged in infringing on one of my inventions made
many years ago, and I flatter myself that I have furnished
the committee of the Houne of Representatives which was
appointed to examine apparatus for preventing explosions
satisfactory documents to prove that fact, and will, when the
proper time arrives, present them to the Public. Mr. Raub,
for several years back, has been working with his machine
without success. His apparatus was placed on the steamers
Girard, Pavilion, and Columbian, running on the Western
waters, and on the boilers of Leonard Sample &Co.'s rolli-ng
mill at Pittsburg; on the North Carolina, built at West
Point; on the Augusta, running on the Potomac; on the
Wilmington, running to Paltimore; and at the Navy Yard
in this city; in each and every caes they have been thrown
aside or prevented from working, being considered as en-
tirely useless. Lately Mr. R-aub has applied the appara-
tus on the Boston steamer; but mark, in this case he
adopts my invention above alluded to, viz. the application
of a float in a separate cylinder, connected to the boiler above
and below the water line, this being the only method by
which a flat will work, even in clear water, because it pie-
vents ebullition or foaming from affecting or agitating the
float. Even this addition of my invention does not prevent
Mr. Raub's contrivance from making its defects manifest;
for I am informed by Mr. Re -der, of Baltimore, that it has
been several times out of order on the Boston; and upon
one occasion the water got so low as to burn several of the
top flues, and it became necessary to put new ones in their
place. Had a boiler, with large flues, such as is used on the
western waters, been placed in the same situation, an ex-
plosion would have been the consequence. In regard to my
own invention, I will only say that it is now in successful
use on about fifty steamers, giving entire satisfaction in every
instance. I will conclude by remarking that I will leave you
to draw your own inference as to the motives of Mr. Raub
in making such absurd, and, I may say, stealthy misrepre-
sentations. Your obedient servant,
CAD. EVANS.
WASHINGTON, APRIL 18, 1842.

''lHE MOST BEAUTIFUL WOMEN in the world
I. are the Circassians. Their skin is a union of lilies and
roses, their eyes the azure of heaven, and their brows the very
bows of Cupid; but then it is for the uniformity and whiteness of
their teeth they are most famous. It is their teeth that render
them the queens of beauty. Now, Dr. HUFF has, by severe
study and long experience, acquired the art of making the teeth
of the ladies of other countries as perfect and captivating es
those of the ladies of Circessia, wlhch he will prove to all
concerned who may do him the favor ofacall this rooms, Penn-
sylvania avenue, fifth door east of tentih street, over J. & G. F. Al-
len's drygoods store, where he extracts, fills, and does what else
may be required of a dentist, in a style of excellence. The cit-
izans of Washington and others might do well to improve the pres-
ent opportunity no having their teeth put in order.
april 16-eoifl


llg,,ug tu, uuthernt IoLnsl15, thtey were to beusdealt. Wilth accord-
ing to the treaties contracted by her Majesty with the
respective States. The undersigned believes, and, indeed,
after the statements of Mr. Stevenson, he regrets to be un-
able todoubt, that the conduct of this gallant officer, however
natural and laudable in its objects, has been disavowed by
his Government.
It is not the intention of the undersigned, at present, to
advocate the justice and propriety of the mutual right of
search, as conceded and regulated by treaty; or to weigh the
reasons on account of which this proposal has been rejected
by the Government of the United States. He took occasion
in a former note to observe that concessions, sanctioned by
Great Britain and France, were not likely to be incompatible
with the dignity and independence of any other State which
should hbe disposed to follow their example. But the under.
signed begs now to inform Mr. Everett that he has this day
concluded a joint treaty with France, Austria, Russia, and
Prussia, by which the mutual right of search, within certain
latitudes, is fully and effectually established forever. This is,
in truth, a holy alliance, in which the undersigned would
have rejoiced to see the United States assume their proper
place among the great Powers of Christendom, foremost in
power, wealth, and civilization, and connected together in the
cause of mercy and justice.
It is undoubtedly true that this right may be abused, like
every other which is delegated to many and different hands.
It is possible that it may be exercised wantonly and vexatious-
ly; and should this be the case, it would not only call for re-
monstrance, but would justify resentment. This, however,
is in the highest degree improbable, and if, in spite of the ut-
most caution, an error should be committed, and any Ameri-
can vessel should suffer loss or injury, it would be followed
by prompt and ample reparation. The undersigned begs to
repeat that, with American vessels, whatever be their destina-
tion, British cruisers have no pretension in any manner to in-
terfere. Such vessels must be permitted, if engaged in it, to
enjoy a monopoly of this unholy trade; but the British Gov-
ernment will never endure that a fraudulent use of the Ame-
rican flag shall extend the iniquity to other nations by whom
it is abhorred, and who have entered into solemn treaties with
this country for its suppression.
In order to prove to Mr. Everett the anxiety of Her Ma-
jesty's Government to prevent any reasonable ground of com-
plaint, the undersigned believes that he cannot do better than
to communicate to him the substanceofthose instructions un-
der which the British cruisers act in relation to American
vessels when employed on this service.
If, from the intelligence which the officer commanding Her
Majesty's cruiser may have received, or from the maneuvres
of the vessel, or from other sufficient cause, he shall have rea-
son to believe, that, although bearing the American flag, the
vessel does not belong to the United States, he is ordered, if
the state ef the wind and weather shall admit of it, to go ahead
of the suspected vessel, after communicating his intention by
hailing, and to drop a boat on board of her to ascertain her
nationality, without detaining her if she shall prove to be
really an American vessel. But, should this modeof visiting
the vessel be impracticable, he is to require her to be brought
to for this purpose. The officer who boards the vessel is
merely to satisfy himself of her nationality, by her papers or
other proofs, and, should she really be an American vessel,
he will immediately quit her, offering, with the consent of her
commander, to note on her papers the cause of suspecting her
nationality, and the number of minutes she was detained (if
detained at all) for the object in question. All the particulars
are to be immediately entered on the log-book of the cruiser,
and a full statement of them is to be sent by the first opportu-
nity direct to England.
These are the precautions taken by Her Majesty's Govern-
ment against the occurrence of abuse in the performance of
this service; and they are ready to adopt any others which
they may think more effectual for the purpose, and which
shall, at the same time, be consistent with the attainment of
the main object in view.
Mr. Stevenson hassaid that he had no wish to exempt the
fraudulent use of the American flag from detection;i and this


being the case, the undersigned is unwilling to believe that a
Government like that of the United States, professing the
same object, and animated by the same motive, as Great Bri-
tain, should seriously oppose themselves to every possible mode
by which their own desire could be really accomplished.
FoareS Orrics, DECEMBER 20, 1841.

COLLZCTOR'S OFFIOcz, CITY HALL, APRIL 18, 1842.
CITY TAXES.-Notice is hereby given to all persons
whose taxes remain unpaid that a deduction of six per cent.
will be allowed upon such bills for the year 1841 as shall be paid
at this office on or before the 30th instant, after which time no
abatement will be made, and the collection will be enforced against
all delinquents. A. ROTHWELL,
ap 19-eotdif Collector.
SCARD.-Dr. S. HERNIS respectfully intbrms the pub-
lie that, being about to undertake other engagements, those
persons who are desirous of obtaining Phrenological Descriptions
of their Heads can improve the oliportunity until the end of this
month. The Phrenological Office is on the corner of Pennsylvania
avenue and Third street, next door to Young's.Drug Store.
april 20-diftf
I MPORTANTTO THE AFFLICTED.-R. TnOMP-
soN's Life Preserver is found in practice, in addition to the
removal of the most distressing Colds and Coughs, to core the
Rheumatism, Croup, Hooping Cough, Hemorrhage, and Spitting
of Blood. Try it, and let it speak for itself.

HOUSE or RxpaBSZNTATIVZS, APRIL 20, 1842.
I should be extremely cautious and wary in affixing my name
n recommendation of any medicine unless I was fully convinced
of its efficacy. I believe your medicine, called "The Life Pre-
server," is highly valuable in colds, because I have experienced
relief from it myself. I can safely recommend it as possessing
great healing powers, while it does not interfere, in ordinary
cases, either in the diet or pursuits of the individual. I have the
testimony of many other persons in whom 1 have confidence
that it has been found useful in all the diseases of the lungs. I
believe it cannot fail to speak for itself iffairly tried.
Respectfully, yours, &c. S.H. BUTLER.
Mr. RICHARD TnOMPSON.

House o RBPxsE8ENTATIvrs, APRIL20, 1842.
I have tried the above medicine, and concur entirely in Mr.
Butler's opinion, and believe itto te the best medicine I have ever
used for colds or an ordinary cough.
Respectfully, yours, &c. JAMES ROGERS.
r For the convenience of those who desire it the subscriber
has recently had the Life Preserver made in candy, which can
be had at his store on Pennsylvania avenue, one door west of 4d
street, or of his authorized agents.
ap 22-2aw R. THOMPSON.
AGENTS.
Tobias Watkins, Washington.
R. S. Patterson, do
Win. Elliot & Co. do
Parqubar & Morgan, do
Z. D.Gilman, do
J. & W. Young, do
James Young. Jr.& Co. do
James P. MeKean, do
G. W. Sothoron, Georgetown.
S. Tennh, Navy Yard.
G. B. Zeiber, 87 Dock street, Philadelphia.
Mrs. King, 184 Pulton street, New York,
I RUSTEE'IS SALE.-By virtue of a deed of trust from
William D. Porter, dated the 16th day of Pebruary, 1839,
the subscriber will sell at public auction, on the premises, at 6
o'clock P. M. on Monday, the 4th day of April next, all of Lot 5,
of the subdivision of Lots I and 2, in square 490 ; and also part
of Lot 25, in said square, adjoining to the rear end of said lot-
beginning for rhe same at the distance of 90 feet 3 inches from
the southeast corner of said square, and running on C street north
22 feet 5 inches, thence north 129 feet 2 inches, including the al-
ley at the rear end of said lot, (which is declared to be a public
alley for the use of the five lots of the subdivision and Lot 25,)
thence east 22 feet 5 inches, thence south 129 feet 2 inches to the
place of beginning.
The said lot has a three-story brick dwelling house and other
improvements thereon. Terms made known at the time of sale,
or on application to the trustee.
C. H. WILTBERGER, Trustee.
mar 16-dtsif R. W. DYER & CO. Auctioners.
1" The above sale is postponed to May 5,1842.
I CE I ICEI ICEI-The subscriber has just received a
cargo ofsuperior eIce from Rockland Lake, New York, which
he will sell at 26 cents per peck, or 80 cents per bushel, in spe-
cie, to persons becoming regular customers.
SAMUEL DE VAUGHAN,
april 13-dl .vif on 9th street, 3 doors north ofD. Clagett's.
7 UNO MAIl CI)NTRACTORS.-AIIl persons desirous of
U. bidding for Mail Routes in the Southwestern, Western, and
Northwestern States and Territories, can procure prompt and par-
ticular information by applying to the undersigned, at his office,
west of the General Post Office, between 9 A. M. and 12 M. or
at his house, two doors west of the Globe office, between 6 and
9P.M.
Blank bids and other necessary papers on hand.
None need apply who desire gratuitous information.
J. E. DOW, Agent.
U- THE UNDERSIGNED learns with regret, mor-
tification, and astonishment, that many are of the opinion that
he can know and influence the result of the mail letting before
the same is declared according to law.
This is lalse, and justice to the undersigned, as well as to the
Post Office Department, requires that a prompt denial should be
given to such a charge.
Those who know the undersigned, and those who administer
the Post Office Denartment. a-d k-.ih h 1o1d -he P-1., O CW
lawi, must feel satisfied that nothing is more unreasonable and un-
true. J. E. DOW,
mar2l-eolmif Agemt.
N EW SPRING GOODS.-TThe subscriber has on hand,
of late arrivals, a large, general, and very desirable assort
ment of fresh Spring Goods, which, having been purchased on
the best terms, will be sold at such prices as cannot fail to please.
In part are-
Splendid 4-4 blue-black and colored Gros de Brazil and
Gros d'Amour
Rich figured Poultde Soie and Gros de Naples
Handsome Foulard Silks and Cashmere de Laines
Elegant 4-4 French plaid Lawns and Muslins
Handsem, yard-wide do at 25c.
Do Mourning do do
50 pieces new Mousselines de Laines, at 20c. to 40c.
4 4 fancy colored and mourning Ginghams
Crimped Bonnet Lawns, a new article
Super 8 4 white, pink, blue, and black Tarleton
Do 6 4 cambric and jaconet dress Muslins
Do 5 4 book and Swiss do
Do 6-4 plaid and striped cambric and lace do
5 cartons black silk Shawls and Scarfs; also colored
6 do plain mode colored Thibet and de Laine Shawls
5 do hemstitched and plain linen cambric Hdkfs
15 dozen ladies' light and medium Kid Gloves
Rissia and Irish Damask, 6 to 10 qrs. wide
Do huckaback and birdeye Diaper
5,000 yards dress and furniture Calicoes, from 61 eta up
12,000 do bleached and brown Shirting and Sheeting
1,000 do heavy Indigo Tickings, beginning at 121 cts.
1 bale heavy Burlaps
Penitentiary Plaids and Indigo Checks
Best Georgia Nankeens, fast colors.
All of which will be sold at prices to suit the times.
JAMES B. CLARKE,
ap 19-ceo3tif opposite Centre Market, No. 2 from 8th st.
FOWLER'S NOTES.-PERFUMERY, &o.-S.
F PARKER, at his Ornamental Hair and Fancy Store, be-
tween 9th and I0;h streets, Pennsylvania avenue, has just receiv-
ed another case of fresh Perfumery, containing all that is beauti-
ful and sweet in Oils, Soap, Ox Marrow, Extracts for the hand-
kerchief, &c.
Also, 20 dozen of Guelain's celebrated Shaving Cream, in large
and small pots, warranted genuine.
25 dozen of Farina's long-bottled Cologne.
For which Fowler's notes will be received at a small discount.
y april 19-6tif
FeOWLER'S NOTES.-COMBS, BRUSHIES, &c.
S. PARKER, at his Ornamental Hair and Fancy Store, be-
tween 9'h and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue, is lust opening
a large assortment of-
Shell, Tuck, Side, and Dressing Combs
English and Brazilian do do
A very handsome assortment of ivory fine-teeth Combs, all
sizes and qualities; for which Fowler's notes will be received at
a small discount, april 19-6tif
UST PUBLISHED, and for sale by R. FARNHAM,
corner of llth street and Pennsylvania avenue, RULES
AND REGULATIONS IN BANKRUPTCY, adopted by the
Circuit Court of the United States for the District of Columnbia
for the said District, prepared by the Judges of the said Court.
This is an important pamphlet, and should be in the possession nf
every man of business, and is necessary for those who intend to
avail themselves of the benefits of the Bankrupt Act, and of those
who may act as counsel for bankrupts. Price 50 cents. feb 22
W ANTED TO HIRE, by the month or year,
in a gentleman's family residing near the city, a woman
of honest, steady, and industrious habits. She must understand
the management of cows, and be fully competent to take charge
of a limited dairy. She must also be capable of washing and iron-
ing. To one who can bring a good recommendation, and none
other need apply, immediate employment and the best wages
will be given. A person from the country will be preferred.
Application to R. W. DYER & CO.
ap 9-dtfif Auctioneers.


TO DAY,
MARYLAND LOTTERY DRAWS.
Fifteen drawn Ballots.
I prize of $9,000 65 prizes of $1,000
1 do 3,000 10 do 400
1 do 1,677 20 do 200
&c. &c. &c.
Tickets $3-Halves 9$1 50-QLuarters 75 cents.

$35,000-$12,000.
ON SATURDAY,
UNION LOTTERY DRAWS AT ALEXANDRIA.
Fourteen drawn Numbers.
SPLENDID SCHEME:


1 prize of
1 do
I do
1 do
1 do
I do
1 do
1 do
1 do


$35,000
12,000
6,000
6,000
3,000
2.500
2,000
1 769
1,600
&c.


I prize of
2 prizes of
2 do
20 do
20 do
20 do
40 do
50 do
200 do
&c.


$1,500
1,260
1,200
1,000
600
400
300
200
160


Tickets $10-Halves 85-Quarters 02 50.
For sale by
J. G. GREGORY & CO. Managers,
Next door east of Gadsby's Hotel,
ap 22-2tdif Washington city,


COMMUNICATIONS.

SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION.

I have been much gratified to And that the Library Com-
mittee of the Senate have at last been enabled to report a bill
"to establish the Smithsonian Institution." The plan re-
commended by the committee is, I think, with some excep-
tions, a good one, and can be advantageously carried into
execution. The number of professors named in the bill is,
however, too small. Such an institution, to be as useful as it
was designed to be by the testator, should have a professor
for almost every branch of human knowledge. In my opin-
ion there should be, instead of six, at least ten professors,
viz. a professor of geology and mineralogy, with a large cabi-
net; one of chemistry; one of botany, with a botanical gar-
den attached to the institution; one of agriculture and horti-
culture, with an experimental farm and I garden; one of zo-
ology, with a zoological garden and museum; oneFof astrono-
my, with an observatory ; one of natural philosophy ; one of
ethics; one to lecture on constitutional law and the princi-
ples of jurisprudence ; one of human physiology and compa-
(n4iv eanatomy ; one of mechanics, &c. There will be space
enough on the public reservation-on what is called the
Mall-for the buildings and gardens that may be required for
the institution. The position is central, and the grounds
will be, moreover, thus rendered beautiful and useful.
The committee intend, I presume, though nothing is said
about it in the bill, that the lectures shall be free, that the
knowledge communicated may be as universally and exten-
sively diffused as possible. By uniting the Smithsonian with
the National Institution the effect will be beneficial to both.
Both will thus be enabled to labor effectively in their respec-
tive vocations-the one in the promotion of science, and the
other in the diffusion of knowledge among men. They will
be mutually dependent upon each other, and move pari pass
in the execution of the objects of their organization. Should
this plan be adopted there will be but little difficulty in carrying
it out. It is simple and practicable, and very nearly such as
I had myself contemplated when I addressed the committee
through the Intelligencer at the commencement of the pre-
sent session.
It is to be earnestly desired that Congress would act upon
this'subject finally before the session closes, that the necessary
steps may be taken toerect the buildings, enclose and lay out the
gardens, and do all the work preparatory to organizing the
institution. The details of this organization will of course
be settled and arranged by the Board of Managers, and will
require great care and judgment en the part of those who
may constitute that Board. Much of the efficiency and use-
fulness of the institution will depend upon the judicious se-
lection of the officers and professors who are to be appointed,
and the arrangements to be adopted to carry the plan into
successful operation. As a citizen of Washington, as well
as one desirous to promote the moral welfare and intellectual
improvement of mankind, I feel a deep interest in the esta-
blishment and success of an institution which, under proper
management, is calculated to confer countless blessings on
society, and to add to the glory of its founder and the repu-
tation of our city. W.

CASTLES IN THE AIR.

Messrs. EDITORS: We all occasionally indulge ourselves
in waking dreams, but few of us think these dreams suffi-
ciently important to call upon them the attention of the pub-
lic, and particularly that of the scientific," as does the
individual subscribing himself "MECHANIC," in your paper
of Tuesday, who wishes the scientific to give their aid
to his Baltimore friend, who proposes to fly aloft as soon as
he has prepared wings which will enable him to take advan-
tage of a wonderful and newly-discovered power-" the lateral
pressure of the atmosphere." There was a time when the
seekers after the philosopher's stone were the principal expe.
rimenters in the laboratory, but the lights of science, which
even their pursuits were the means of increasing, haveshown
the utter hopelessness of the project of transmuting the baser
metals into gold. Bishop Wilkins, we are told, was as con-
fident in the ability of man to fly like a bird as the alchymists
were of the ultimate realization of their deferred hopes, not
doubting that it would become as common for a gentleman to
direct his servant to bring him his wings as it then was to call
for his horse. In every age, from that of Dedalus to the
preaeat, mechanics of a certain class have been engaged in
attempts to realize this idea, but with the exception of this
gentleman and his son, the unfortunate Icarus, who was
somewhat too aspiring, we have no authentic account of a
successful effort having been made. We occasionally, it is
true, receive intelligence from Paris, Vienna, or elsewhere,
that some fortunate projector has actually soared aloft, and
taken advantage of "the lateral pressure of the atmosphere,"
or of some other power undiscovered by men of science,
by which he has been enabled to steer his course in the
wind's eye; but future packets arrive without confirming the
airy news.
Your correspondent Mechanic" asserts, without fear of
contradiction," that the lateral pressure of the atmosphere,"
his newty-discovered power, is prodigious," and the same
any on said or ithe whole scheme, p r-pOird in Bra m-nvr
and imperfect description," which, by the by, seems to par-
take more of the latter than of the former quality, a predica-
ment from which a more lengthened detail would not b(
likely to extricate it. No doubt the author of the scheme is
sincere awd honest in his anticipation, but it may be asserted,
without fear of contradiction," that, to men ot science, the
whole proposition, with its array of frames, engines, wheels,
chains, pitmen, &c., will appear as the "baseless fabric of a
vision," and in utter contravention of the ascertained limitF
of human muscular power, and of the mechanical agents
which are at our command.
In the same column of your paper with the article above
referred to, we have another notable discovery, made, it seems,
in Newark-namely, "that the generation of electricity con-
stantly attends the generation ot steam." And this discov
cry, it appears, is to result in the entire prevention of steam
boilers explosion, all that is necessary for this being the em-
ployment of "a conductor to carry off the superabundant
electricity." Some two or three years ago, the discovery thai
electrical sparks might be drawn from the steam-engine was a
novel discovery, but the fact has since then been known to the
whole scientific world, and excited no great surprise, as the
disturbance of the electric equilibrium by the power of evapo-
ration was well known. As to the carrying off of the super-
abundant electricity by means of a conductor, it would puzzle
Dr. Franklin, were he alive, to contrive any better means ol
effecting this object than those which invariably and neces-
sarily exist around steam-boilers on board of steamboats
The assumption that explosions are occasioned by this agent
is altogether gratuitous, and is in direct contradiction to all
that is known upon the subject. That the supposed discover
er of the facts stated in the Newark Daily Advertiser has
been employed in a very praiseworthy manner, is not doubt-
ed, but that he is destined to devise a plan by which boilers
will be secured from explosion, upon the principle assumed,
is really a hopeless case. J.
MEsSRs. EDIToas : Mention was made in your paper of
Tuesday last of a discovery in relation to the development ol
electricity during the generation of steam ; that this electri-
city was the chief cause of explosions ; and also that a me-
thod was devised for preventing explosions, by carrying away
this electricity by suitable conductors. As this notice seems
to have been elicited by the recent melancholy occurrence at
Baltimore, I deem it due to the public to say that they need
not be induced at present to abate their fears or encouraged
in the least to hope that this alleged discovery will protect
them from the cruel recklessness of engineers. It is not ne-
cessary to adduce any further argument in proof of the ab-
surdity of the above proposition, than simply to allude to a
fact within the comprehension of every one, that even if it
were true that "electricity could explode a boiler," no explo-
sion could ever have thus been produced, as the boiler and
its contents and the engine and its parts are of themselves the
best of conductors to convey away any electricity which
might have been generated. Some interesting discoveries and
experiments have recently been made in England on the
electricity of effluent steam, but none but an empiric would
have hazarded the opinion that it was the cause of the burst-
ing of boilers. Yours, &c.

P EREMPTORY SALE.-In pursuance of adecreeof
Baltimore County Coert, sitting in Equity, the undersigned
will sell by auction, at the Exchange, in the city of Baltimore, on
THURSDAY, 19th May, at 1 o'clock P. M. that beautiful estate
called BOITON, lying within the limits of the city of Baltimore,
and adjoining the Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad Depot.
This property contains 25 acres, 1 rood, 26 perches of land, in
the most improving part of the city, and is within a few hundred
yards of the Washington Monument.
The improvements are of the most substantial and magnificent
character-a fine large DWELLING HOU. E, in excellent order,
with every comfort and convenience fora man of wealth.


This property was the residence of the late George Winches-
ter, Esq. and is among the most desirable residences in the United
States.
Terms of sale, as prescribed by the decree, are: One-fourth
cash, and the residue in 6, 12, 18, and 24 months, with interest,
for approved endorsed notes. JOHN GLENN,
ap 22-2aw2wdlw Trustee.
N EW AND SPLENDID LAWNS AND MUS-
LIN S, &c.-We have just received the following very
desirable goods :
30 pieces elegant new-style French painted Swiss Muslins, at
14 50 per dress
25 do 4 4 do do fast colors, Lawns, at
25c. per yard
10 do 3 4 painted Lawns, plain colors, at 15c. per yard
20 do rich and new pattern Paris Muslins, at 84 the dress
30 do white and jaconet Cambrics, for dresses, very chesp
60 dresses new-style spring Mousselines de Laines, low-priced
10 pieces entirely new-style Bonnet Silks and Lawns, very
beautiful
20 do new and rich checked and figured Silks, for spring.
H C. SPALDING & Co.
ap 16-3teoif 2d store west of 8th street.
Z ACHARIAH L. MCELPFRESH has filed his petition
for the benefit of the Bankrupt Law, which petition will be
heard before the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sit-
ting in Bankruptcy, in the Court-room in Washington county, on
the 16th of May next, at 10 o'clock A. M. when and where all
per-ons interested may appear and show cause, if any they have,
why the prayer of the said petitioner should not be granted.
By order of the Court. Test;
april 22-8t WM. BRENT, Clerk,


W HATMAN'S DRAWING PAPER.-W. FISCH-
ER, importer and dealer in superior Stationery, Parch-
ment, and Rodgers's fine Cutlery, has just received, direct from
the manufacturer, a la-ge supply of Whatman's superior Drawing
Paper, made expressly to order, of the following sizes, all of which
is constantly kept for wholesale or retail at Stationers' Hall:
Cap size, 13 by 26 inches.
Demy 16 by 20 do
Medim 17 by 22 do
Royal 19 by 24 do
Super royal 19 by 27 do
Imperial 22 by 30 do
Elephant 23 by 28 do
Columbia 23 by 36 do
Double Elephant 27 by 40 do
Antiquarian 31 by 52 do
aprt 22- 3taw4w
EW SPRING GOODa.-Jumt received per last arri-
Svals-
Superfine Cloths, Cassimeres, and Vestings
Summer Goods of all kinds, for gentlemen
A great variety of Calicoes, Lawns and Mustlins, and Cam-
bric Dimity
Swiss Muslin, Jaconet, Cambric, Book Muslins, and Bobbinet
Embroidered Silk Mantillas
Do do Scarfs
Silk and Cotton Hosiery
Ladies and gentlemen's Gloves, of the best quality
A variety of Paiasols and Sunshades
Silk and Cambric Umbrellas
With other Goods too numerous to mention.
All of which will be sold on the most accommodating terms by
ap 22--t WM. C. ORME.
W M. R. RILEY has this day received, at the corner of
8th street and opposite Centre Market, the following Dry
Goods, viz.
75 pieces rich Paris Lawns
100 do French and English phintzes
200 do American Prints
30 do Manchester Ginghams
50 do Cloths and Cassimeres
10 do crape-faced Summer Cloth
25 do Gambroods, from 37J cents up
26 do Marseilles Vestinga
50 do brown French Linen
60 do Irish Linens, from 26 cents tiup
40 do brown and bleached Linen Drillings
60 do American Nankeen
& do Pongee
10 do brown and bleached Table Diaper
6 do Gauze Flannel, for summer use
10 do crimpel Bonnet Lawns, new article
60 do white Cambrics, very cheap
60 do plaid and striped Muslins
100 do Book, Swiss, and Mull Muslins
30 dozen ladies' light kid Gloves
10 do half-fingered net do
100 do cotton, silk, and thread Gloves
160 do cotton Hose and halfHose
60 do white and black Hose
3 do thread Reticules
Silks and Mousselines de Laines
Silk, Thibet, and Mousseline Shawls
Marseilles Skirts and Table Covers
Black Bombaains and Mousselines de Laines
Black, white, and pink Crape
Wash and silk Thule
Figured Swis-s Muslins and Bobinets
Thread [,aces and Edgings
Parasols, Sunshades, and Umbrellas
Stocks, Suspenders, and silk Scarfs
BONNETS AND RIBANDS.
2 cases Florence braid Bonnets
1 do English Rutland do
2 do straw do
1 do misses' straw do
Gimp and English lace do
3 cartoons rich Bonnet Ribands.
DOMESTICS.
Bleached and brown Sheetings
Do do Shirtings
Cotton Osnaburgs and brown Drillings
Checks and Penitentiary Plaids.
The above goods were purchased cheap, and will be sold at
prices to suit the times. WM. R. RILEY,
Corner of 8th street, and opposite Centre Market.
april 22-eo6t
1 O HOUSEK EPERS--The subscribers beg leave to
Scall the attention of the Public to their assortment of House-
furnishing Articljes, which consists of almost every article used
in genteel housekeeping; such as-
Sofas, Bureaus, Wardiobes, and Sideboards
Chairs, dining, pier, centre, and card Tables
Bedsteads, Beds, and Mattresses
Washstands, Cribs, Cradles, and Basket Carriages
Plated Castors, Knives and Forks, and hall Lamps
Mahogany and gilt looking Glasses, Candlesticks and Lamp.
A general assortment of China, glass, and crockery Ware
Andirons, Shovels and Tongs, tin and hollow Ware
Tea and table Spoons, Brushes, Flat Irons, and Saucepans
Britannia Ware, Coffee Mills, wooden and willow Ware, aa.
With many other articles too numerous fur an advertisement.
All of which we are determined to sell at such prices and term
as cannot fail to give satisfaction. All we request is an examina-
tion of cur articles and prices.
BOTELER & WARING,
ap 22-eo3wif 7th street, nearly opposite Patriotic Bank.
OOPER'S NEW Nt)VEL, The Two Admirals,
just issued from the press, is expected this morning by
F. TAYLOR. *
Also. Wheaton on the ightr of Sear-.l.. p 0U
M US. GASSAWAY, corner of Pennsiylvania ave-
nue and 10th street, south side, has several rooms
vacant. ap 22-eo2w
EXCELLENT ilOUSEIHOLD FURNITURE,
at Auctlon.-On Tuesday next, the 26th instant, at half-
past 10 o'clock, we shall sell at the residence ofJ. G. Chapman,
Esq. on FP street, between 11th aud 12th streets, his excellent and
well-kept Household Furniture, consisting in part as follows, via.
Handsome mahogany parlor, dining-room, arm, Spanish,
and rocking Chairs
Handsome mahogany pillar and scroll dining and breakfast
Tables
Mahogany Sid board
Beautiful Pier Table, with Scegliola top, representing Gul-
do's Aurora and the Sun
Handsomie large Pier Glass, French plate
Sofa, Bookstand, Butler's Tray
Two Bookcases, one very large, with secretary
Moreen and Muslin Window Curtains and Ornaments
India China Dinner Set, Glassware
Mahogany French and other Bedsteads
Beds and Bedding, large Crib and Mattress
WashstandsoToilet Sets
Large English Head Basins and Pitchers to match
Nightlstands, Wardrobes, &c.
Column Stove and pipe, with a general assortment of Kitchen
requisites.
Terms of tale: All sums of and under 025, cash; overS25 a
credit of 60 and 90 days for approved endorsed notes.
R. W. DYER & CO.
ap 22-td Auctioneers.
ESIRABLE FRONT ROOM TO LET.-The
front room on the ground floor of the house lhely occupied
by Mrs. Arguelles, nearly opposite Gadsby's National Hotel, is
for rent. It is a spacious and pleasant room, with two front win.
daws, and door in the centre, admirably adapted to some light,.
genteel business, or for any professional gentleman as an office.
Miss CmsHOLM has rented the whole house, (which isnow un-
dergoing a thorough repair,) which she hopes to open as a Board-
ing House about the 1st of May ; when, in addition to her present
family, she will be able to accommodate a few additional boarders.
Permanent or yearly boarders will be preferred; others will not
be rejected. For the room apply at present to
april 22--3t A. COYLE.
IC 1c, ICE, ICE.-The subscriber, in order to accommodate
the Public, and more especially his former customers iin ts.
article, has at great expense made an arrangement by whish he
will be enabled to supply them with Maine ICE of very superior
quality through the entire season, if early application be made to
him at his drugstore, (late Todd's.)
Z. D. GILMAN.
N. B. It will be sold at one and a half cents tier po.mnd, by tbh
peck or under, or at eighty cents per bushel for any quantity ever
that. None need apply whose bills for last season remain still
unsettled, april 22--6tif
M FOR RENT, a new two-story and basement brick
H House on 41 street, south of Pennsylvania avenue. In-
5 quire of the subscriber, near the premises, or at the lum-
ber yard, t2th street, near the Canal, where he keeps a constant
supply of seasoned LUMBER, which will be sold low for cash..
He has also 150,000 burnt BRICK for sale.
april 22-3t ULYSSES WARD.
N EW SPRING GOODS.-YOUNG & STEER, MeB-,
chant Tailors, respectfully announce to their customer.,
and the Public that they have received their spring and summer
Goods, embracing some new and beautiful styles for Coats, Pan-
taloons, and Vests, together with a full assortment of Fancy Ar- .
tides for gentlemen's use.
They are, as usual, prepared to execute all orders in superior.
style and at short notice.
ap 22-3tift[Globe & Mad.]
W E PERCEIVE by the Washington sipers that Dr.
GeasnoM HuFw, the celebrated Denthiof this city, is
now doing business at the national metropolis. There can't pos-
sibly be a better Dentist than Mr. Huff, and half a dozen as good
are not to be found in this hemisphere. The aemubers of Con-'


gross and others concerned will now have a rith opportunity of
putting their mouths in order, and no mistake, and let us add,
that they should by all means take advantage of it, for if we are
any judge of languages, fouler mouths than asme of theirs are
not to be found on this side of Billingsgate. D. Huffmustmake
haste back again ; we can't spare him.-N. Y. Tattler.
Dr. Hu r is the author of a little work entitled "A Guide for
the Preservation of the Teeth," which he wil furnish without
charge to any person who may do him the favor of a call at his
rooms, Pennsylvania avenue, 5th door east of It l street, over J.
& G, F. Allen's dry goods store, ap 15-eo3tif
L ANE & TUCKER, Merchant Talors, have now
the pleasure of announcing to their friend and the Public
generally the arrival of their Spring and Sumner Goods, direct
from New York, of the latest importations-copnrising a general
assortment of the most fashionable Cloths, Caasberes, snd Vest-
ings j among which will be found some rare andbeautiful articles
for Coats, Pantaloons, and Vests, never before feared in this city..
ap 5-d2wif [Globe & Mad.])
BONNETS I BONNETS I BONNRTS I-We havo.
just opened the following splendid Bonns, viz.
Entirely new style French transparent Bonnes, beautiful ancd
light
Fine fancy-edged Rutland straw Bonnets, chap
Extra and medium Florence braid do alged
Handsome open gimp, light, for summer
1 case eleven-braid women's Bonnets, 81 ea, good abapes
1 case misses' fancy straw, assorted
Fine round top and square Leghorn Hats, fobihildrent.
H.C. SPALDIG & CGO.,
ofa 5-soltif 3d store t ol f th street,










TWENTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS.
SECOND SESSION.

IN SENATE.

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 20, 1842.
The PRESIDENT of the Senate laid before the body a
message from the President of the United States, covering
communications from the Secretaries of State and War, made
in compliance with a resolution of the 18th of February last,
calling for the names of persons employed in the several De-
partments other than by express provision of law.
The following memorials and petitions were presented and
appropriately referred:
By Mr. SMITH, of Indiana: Asking to take the papers
of Wmin. Percival from the files of the Senate.
By Mr. TAPPAN: From citizens of Perry county, Ohio,
remonstrating against the annexation of Texas to the Union.
Laid on the table.
By Mr. BUCHANAN: Twenty-three several memo-
rials from the merchants and traders of the city of Philadel-
phia, asking such an increase of duty as will protect the home
industry of the country.
Also, ten memorials from the county of Philadelphia, and
one from Delaware, asking that an increase of duty may be
imposed on foreign importations. The memorialists attribute
the present distress of the country to the disturbance of the
tariff of 1828, and insist that nothing could give better se-
curity to the country than some permanent revenue system,
which will serve the desired objects.
Also, from the State of Pennsylvania generally, and from
Perry county, asking that the duty on iron may be made
what it was in 1839.
Also, from the manufacturers of the flour of mustard, ask-
ing that the seed may be admitted free of duty, and that a duty
may be imposed on the flour of mustard.
Also, from manufacturers of chocolate, asking that cocoa
may be admitted free of duty, and that a tax may be imposed
on the manufactured article.
Also, three memorials from the county of Berks, asking
for an increase of duty on hats, caps, ready-made clothing,
leather, &c. approving of the land distribution bill, and ask-
ing that the clause which repeals it when the duty is extended
beyond 20 per cent. may be repealed.
By Mr. WRIGHT : From the Secretary of State of New
York, enclosing resolutions of the Legislature of that State,
instructing their Senators to vote for an immediate repeal of
the land distribution bill.
By Mr. CRITTENDEN: From citizens of Pennsylva-
nia, asking an increase of the duty on foreign articles.
By Mr. HENDERSON: From a Bank in Mississippi,
asking that it may bs relieved from the interest of the debt
due the United Stales, and stating thatit had already expend-
ed somewhere about $240,000.
By Mr. MERRICK : From citizens of Cumberland, ask-
ing that the stock of the United States in the Chesapeake and
Ohio Canal may be transferred to the State of Maryland.
REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES.
By Mr. LINN, from the Committee on Private Land
Claims: A bill for the relief of Therese Valette, widow of
Gaspard Phiol6.
Also, a bill for the relief of Juan Belgar.
Also, a bill for the relief of Jno. Compton.
Also, a bill for the relief of Jean Baptiste Comeau.
Also, a bill for the relief of the heirs of Madame de Lus-
ter and their legal representatives.
By Mr. HUNTINGTON, from the Committee on Com-
merce: The bill authorizing repairs to the custom-house at
Providence, Rhode Island, and recommending its passage.
Also, a bill for the relief of Josiah Holmes, with an amend-
ment.
Also, a bill for the relief of Eyre & Massey, without
amendment, and recommending its rejection.
By Mr. HENDERSON, from the Committee on Private
Land Claims: A bill to confirm the title of the heirs of Jno.
Simpson to a certain tract of land in Louisiana.
By Mr. BENTON, from the Committee on Military Af-
fairs: A bill for the relief of John Moore.
Also, a bill for the relief of the heirs of General William
Eaton.
RESOLUTIONS.
On motion of Mr. EVANS,
Resolved, That the Committee on the Public Buildings be in-
structed to inquire into the expediency of making an appropria-
tion for the completion of the Treasury building agreeably to the
original design of the same.
On motion of Mr. WOODBURY,
Resolved, That the Committee on Retrenchment be instructed
to inquire into the amountof appropriations outstanding unexpend-
.ed, particularizing the sum under each important head ; and to
report the same to the Senate, as well as their opinion, after due
inquiry, whether the expenditure of any portion of such appro-
priations as are of a public character can be repealed or postpon-
ed until another year without material injury to the public service.
On motion of Mr. YOUNG,
Resolved, That the Committee on the Public Lands, to which
was referred the report of the Secretary of War relative to the
nacessity fur further legislation to authorize a sate of the lands in
tihe State of Illinois and Territories of Wisconsin and Iowa, be
instructed to inquire, in connexion with the said report, whether
such further legislation be necessary to report a bill authorizing
the sale of the same.
The resolution submitted by Mr. ALLEN, calling for the
correspondence between the Executive of Rhode Island and
S the Executive, in relation to the disturbances in that State,
was taken up; when, at the suggestion of Mr. SIMMONS,
it was passed over until to-morrow.
The Senate then took up the report of the Committee of
Finance in the case of Theodore Gaillard; and, after some
discussion, in which Mr. PRESTON contended for the
justice of the claim, the report was concurred in.
The Senate then proceeded to consider the bill to incorpo-
rate the Washington Manual Labor School and Male Or-
phan Asylum of the District of Columbia.
This bill was warmly advocated by Messrs. MERRICK,
KERR, and KING, and opposed by Messrs. ALLEN,
TAPPAN, BENTON, WRIGHT, SMITH, of Connec-
%cut, and others ; when, after having been amended, it was
'orlered to be engrossed for a third reading.
.nd the Senate adjourned.

THURSDAY, APRIL 21, 1842.
Tie following memorials and petitions were presented and
appropriately referred :
By Mr.WOODBRIDGE: From Aaron Weeks, praying
compensation for damages sustained by a violent and forcible
interruptionwhich he suffered while carrying on his contem-
plated work, to wit, the opening of a ship canal so as to con-
nect the waters of the two great lakes Huron and Superior.
In presenting this memorial, Mr. WnODaRIDOE took occa-
sion to remark on the importance of this project in a national
point of view, and that Michigan had more than once brought
the matter before the consideration of Congress, but without
effect. Michigan had examined and ascertained the practi-
cability of the plan by her own engineers, and having again
brought the subject before Congress without receiving its
countenance, had undertaken the work herself. Mr. Weeks,
the memorialist in this case, had determined to make the at-
tempt, and, after due preparation, such as chartering a vessel,
employing workmen, preparing provision, &c. proceeded to
the spot with his fifty workmen, with their spades, mattocks,
and other implements, when he was informed by the United
States officer that he would not be permitted to proceed in
,his labors. Mr. Weeks replied that he should proceed until
stopped by force. He did commence, and after the labor of
three hours with his fifty men, the whole force of the garrison
'was marched against him with fixed bayonets, and he was
forced to retire ; and the object of this memorial was to obtain
indemnification for the injuries he had sustained at the hands
.of the General Government. As the memorial might give
rise to matters of grave importance, touching the sovereignty
of States and the rights of individuals, he would ask that
the petition be read and referred to the Committee of Claims,
from whom he hoped it would receive prompt and all proper
respect.
Also, sundry memorials from citizens of Michigan, in rela-
tion to the improvement of the harborsin Kalamazoo river.
Also, two memorials relating to the cninpletion of the im-
provement commenced at St. Joseph's.
Mr. WOonsRInOE spoke at some length in favor of ex-
tending protection to the growing commerce of the lakes,
".which was every year increasing in amount, and had already
*attained a most unexpected magnitude. He contended
'that the patronage of the General Government should be ex.
"ended as well to the inland seas as to the great Atlantic,
which had tasted so liberally of its care in the shape of light-
dhouses, breakwaters, buoys, &c.
By Mr. BUCHANAN: From thirty practical tailors of
Philadelphia, in relation to a duty on ready-made clothing.
In relation to this memorial Mr. B. would say that the me-
chanics of our large cities were those who suffered most.
Also, two memorials from Dauphin county, complaining
of the compromise act, and asking full and adequate protec-
tion for American labor.


Also, from a society, styled the American Free Produce
Association, stating that their consciences were disturbed at
the idea of wearing any thing made by slave labor; and ask-
ing that the duty on manufactured cotton be taken off, or that
,cotton be admitted free of duty. This memorial, and ano-
ither relating to the escape of fugitives from justice, having
Been objected to, the motion to receive was ordered to lie on
the table.
By Mr. STURGEON: Eleven memorials from the State
of Pennsylvania, asking protection to American industry, and
particularly or iron.
By Mr. KERR: Three letters from a gentleman of Port
Deposits, in relation to terra-culture ;which, Mr. K. said,
were of same importance to agriculture, and he should like
them referred to that committee and printed.
By Mr. CONRAD; Name not heard.
By Mr. MANGUM: Name not heard.
By Mr. SIMMONS: From American merchants resident
at Paris, in relation to the revenue.
By Mr. TALLMADGE: From citizens of New York,
remonstrating against the repeal of the land distribution bill,
and for protection to home industry.
Also, from the New York and Albany railroad company,
'with a plan for the transportation of the mails and munitions
-of war.
Mr. T. said the plan contained a great deal of useful infor.
nation, which he should like to have printed.
REPORi S FROM COMMITTEES.
By Mr. PRESTON, from the Committee on Military Af-
fair, to whom had been referred a resolution requiring that


committee to inquire into t4 expediency of providing by law
for the payment of horses lot by the Missouri volunteers in
the Florida war: Repoilinll that the provision by law was
already sufficient to rover it case.
! By Mr. SMITH, frotn the Committee on the Public
Lands: The bill authorizin citizens of Louisiana to enter
back lands, with two amendments.
Also, a bill for the relief f Reserve Township, of Gibson
county, Indiana.
Mr. WRIGHT, from theCommiitre of Claims, said that,
on the 28th ultimo, a report had been made against the claim
of Littleton Dennis Teackle. Certain facts had come to the
knowledge of that committeawhich made it necessary that
the papers should be referred tack to the committee, in order
that a full report might be mate.
The bills ordered to beengEssed yesterday were severally
read a third time and passed.
On the passage of the bill to incorporate the Washington
Manual Labor School, notice the yeas and nays was given
by Mr. BEN'TON on a previous day, and were asked tor by
Mr. ALLEN to-day. The vote stood as follows:
YEAS-Messrs. Archer, Barrow, Bates, Buchanan, Choate,
Clayton, Conrad, Crittenden, Githbert, Evans, Graham, Hen-
derson, Huntington, Kerr, King, Nangum, Merrick, Miller, More-
head, Phelps, Porter, Preston, Rites, Simmons, Smith,of Indiana,
Southard, Sprague, Sturgeon, Tailmadge, Wilcox, Woodbridge,
Young-31.
NAYS-Messrs. Allen, Bentmn, Pulton, Linn, McRoberts,
Sevier, Smith, of Connecticut, Tappan, Wright-9.
The Senate then proceededt on motion of Mr. MORE.
HEAD, to take up the bill to provide for the satisfaction of
claims arising under the 14th end 19th articles of the treaty
of Dancing Rabbit Creek, concluded in September, 1830.
This bill was discussed at soane length by Messrs. MORE-
HEAD, HENDERSON, and others, when it was passed
over, and the Senate proceeded to the consideration of Exe-
cutive business; and after sooms time spent therein, the doors
were opened, and the GeneralAppropriation bill was read a
first and second time by its title, and referred to the Commit-
tee on Finance.
Mr. BENTON then gave notice that he would, on to-
morrow, ask leave to take up the bill further to extend the
remedial justice of the United States.
Mr. BUCHANAN hoped, the Senator from Georgia
might lie able to show the constitutional power to pass that
bill; if he could, he (Mr. B.) would be very glad of it.
On motion, the Senate adjourned.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 20, 1842-In continuation.
APPORTIONMENT BILL.
The Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union
(Mr. ALLEN, of Maine, in the chair) proceeded to the con-
sideration of the following bill:
A BILL for the apportionment of Ropresentatives among the se-
veral States according to the sixth census.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives
of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That
from and after the third day of Marth, one thousand eight hun-
dred and forty-three, the House of Representatives shall be com-
posed of members elected agreeably b a ratio of one Representa-
tive for every sixty-eight thousand poisons in each State, comput-
ed according to the rule prescribed by the Constitution of the
United States; that is to say: Withinthe State of Maine, seven ;
within the State of New Hampshire, four; within the State of
Massachusetts, tenr; within the State of Rhode Island, one; within
the State of Connecticut, four; within the State of Vermont, four;
within the State of New York, thirtyfive; within the State of
New Jersey, five; within the State of lennsylvania, twenty- five;
within the State of Delaware, one; within the State of Maryland,
six; within the State of Virginia, fifteen; within the State of
North Carolina, nine; within the Stae of South Carolina, six;
within the State of Georgia, eight; wthin the State of Alabama,
seven; within the State of Mississippi four; within the State of
Louisiana, four; within the State of 'lennessee, eleven ; within
the State of Kentucky, ten; within thi State of Ohio, twenty-
two; within the State of Indiana, ten ; within the State of Illinois,
seven ; within the State of Missouri, fis ; within the State of Ar-
kansas, one ; and within the State of Mehigan, three.
Mr. EVERETT(chairman of thbi select committee who re-
ported the bill) said the report of the committee had been before
the House a long time. The tableson which that and every
other rate of apportionment that wild probably be thought
of by the Hlouse would be fixed, lad also been before the
House. He did not imagine that the opinion of a single
member was to be changed by any debate on this question,
and therefore, proposed to enter ino no debate whatever.
There were other considerations tlat would probably de-
termine the votes of the House.
The number now reported was reported by the commit-
tee as the best they could report. They were bound to
report some number; but the committee were left open to
express their own opinions, and he did not consider any
member-especially himself, as he was not particularly par-
tial to that number-committed to thiu particular number.
Mr. E. moved to strike out the number placed in the bill,
and insert 70,680. He considered that a number which
would give less fractions than 68,000. He desired to bring
it in competition at once with a ratio which, if the Honse
concluded to adopt a low ratio, was that which they would
adopt; and for this purpose he moved to anend the amend-
ment by striking out the number 70,680, and inserting
50,891.
That would bring (continued Mr. E.) what he deemed
the two extremes directly in opposition to etch other. The
ratio of 50,391 would preserve to every Stite its present re-
presentation, and constitute a House of 305 members. This
was the highest ratio which would preserve the present
number. The ratio of 70,680 would give a House of 217
members. As hlie had remarked that whit might be said
would probably change no vote, he conteited himself by
placing these two numbers before the committee for their
consideration.
Mr. STUART raised the point that it vas not in order
for the gentleman from Vermont (Mr. EVURETT) to move
an amendment, and, without taking his siat, to move to
amend that amendment.
After a brief conversation on the point of order by Mr.
EVERETT and the CHAIRMAN-
The CHAIRMAN sustained the point of order.
And accordingly the amendment to the amendment was
not received.
The pending question then being on theamendment of
Mr. EVERETT to strike out the ratio of 68000, and insert
that of 70 680-
Mr. STUART, of Illinois, moved to amend the amend-
ment by striking out 70,680, and inserting 58,000.
Mr. BRIGGS raised the question of o-der whether this
proposition to amend could be considered an amendment 1
He apprehended that the adoption of the rule to consider
these amendments and dispose of them as ia the case of dif-
ferent sums of money, would tend to the expediting of the
bill. The question would then be taken on 'he largest num-
bers first. He hoped this course of proceeding would be
adopted.
Mr. EVERETT said that heretofore these propositions
had been considered strictly as amendments, and it was not
competent for the committee to establish any new rule.
Mr. STUART, of Illinois, said he concurred fully with
the gentleman from Vermont (Mr. EvERETT) that this was
a question that ought not to be debated, but all that was
necessary (was that it should be voted on, as he supposed
every member was prepared to act.
So far as he was individually concerned he was in favor of
the report of the committee ; but he had made the motion to
amend, because he thought that after 68,000, 58,000 was the
best number that could be fixed upon.
After brief conversation on a question of order by Messrs.
CHARLES BROWN, PROFFIT, and BRIGGS-
Mr. GENTRY said the question had been rather unex-
pectedly sprung on the committee this evening, and they
were unprepared to vote on it. With a view of giving time
to gentlemen to direct their thoughts to the subject, he moved
that the committee rise.
Mr. FILLMORE suggested to the gentleman from Ten-
nessee (Mr. GENTRY) that his object would be as well ac-
complished by moving to postpone this and take up some
other bill.
Mr. CUSHING said that it was evident the committee
was not prepared at present to act on the Apportionment
bill, and at the same time that a majority of the committee
was unwillingto allow the Army Appropriation bill to obtain
precedence ot the Apportionment bill; and he moved that the
Apportionment bill be postponed to take up the House bill
No. 71 concerning the tonnage duty on Spanish vessels, and
the Senate bill No. 72 regulating commercial intercourse with
Cayenne. He said that these bills were to give legal effect
to diplomatic arrangements made with Spain nine years since
and with France three years since. The passage of these
bills had been delayed session after session by the House not
takingthem up. There were no political passions involved in
the bills, but only the honor of the country; and so the House
could never find time to consider the subject. The United
States were very angry when the Belgian Chambers omitted
for a single year to act upon a diplomatic question affecting
us; but we could ourselves commit the same fault for years.


disgracing the country, and representative government itself,
by thus neglecting and refusing, for years, to allow a few
minutes to this plain business matter. He appealed to the
House to spend half an hour in disposing of these bills.
Mr. GENTRY, remarking that it appeared to be against
the sense of the committee to rise, withdrew his motion.
Mr. CUSHING moved to postpone the Apportionment
bill for the purpose of taking up the bills Nos. 71 and 72, to
which he had just referred.
A brief desultory conversation followed between Messrs.
BRIGGS, ATHERTON, and THOMPSON, of Indiana,
(which latter gentleman expressed the hope that the motion
to postpone would prevail, as he desired to move to take up
the bill providing for the support of the Army and Military
Academy for 1842.)
Pending the motion to postpone-
On motion of Mr. THOMPSON, of Mississippi, the com-
mittee rose and reported progress.
Mr. FILLMORE, with a view of enabling the House to
take up the Army bill, which required immediate and prompt
consideration, moved that the House resolve itself into Com-
mittee of the Whole on the state of the Union.
Mr. SHIELDS moved that the House adjourn; on which
motion the yeas and nays having been asked and ordered,
Mr. S. withdrew his motion.
Mr. THOMPSON, of Mississippi, renewed the motion;
on which the yeas and nays were asked and ordered, and,
being taken, the question was decided in the negative: Yeas
54, nays 106. So the House refused to adjourn.
The question then recurring on the motion of Mr. FILL-
MORE, it was taken, and decided in the affirmative.


SSo the House again resolved itself into Committee of the
Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. ALLEN, of Maine, in
the chair.)
The pending question was on the motion of Mr. Cusinsm
to postpone the Apportionment bill, with a view to move to
take up the bill concerning the tonnage duty on Spanish
vessels, and the bill regulating commercial intercourse with
Cayenne.
Mr. CUSHING again appealed to the committee to take
up these bills, as their passage was necessary to preserve the
honor ofthe nation; remarking that they might immediately
be disposed of, as there would probably be no opposition to
them.
Mr. THOMPSON said the question with regard to our
national honor and integrity could well enough be disposed
of hereafter. The bill which the Chairman of the Commit-
tee of Ways and Means desired to take up was one that con-
cerned the Army at home, and ought to be acted on imme-
diately.
After a momentary conversation on a point of order by
Messrs. ADAMS and the CHAIRMAN-
The question was taken on the motion to postpone the
Apportionment bill, and decided in the negative: Ayes 66,
noes 77.
The question then recurring on the amendment of Mr.
STUART, of Illinois, to strike out the ratio of 70,680, and
insert that of 58,000-
After a brief desultory conversation by Messrs. ADAMS,
COOPER, of Pennsylvania, BRIGGS, STUART, of Illi-
nois, and the CHAIRMAN-
The question was taken by tellers, and decided in the
affirmative: Ayes 85, noes 61.
So the amendment was agreed to.
And the question recurring on the amendment of Mr.
EVERETT. as amended-
Mr. CUSHING said he wished the question before the
committee to stand in the aspect of the relative preference for
two opposite numbers, as suggested by the gentleman from
Vermont, (Mr. EVERETT;) and he therefore moved to amend
the amendment, as proposed by that gentleman, (i. e. by
strikingout the ratio 58,000, and insering 50,391.)
Mr. EVERETT said that they had inserted 58,000, and
it was not now in order to strike it out; but the question must
now be taken between that and the bill.
Mr. CUSHING again urged the committee to take up the
two bills before mentioned by him, and moved to postpone the
Apportionment bill.
Mr. KENNEDY, of Indiana, moved that the committee
rise.
Which motion prevailing, the committee rose and reported
progress.
The residue of this day's proceedings have been published
in their order.
During the day's sitting the SPEAKER laid before the
House the following Executive communications :
A letter from the Secretary of War, transmitting a report
of the Colonel of Topographical Engineers, in answer to a
resolution of the House of the 12th instant, calling for the
amount of money expended of the appropriation made for the
erection of a lighthouse at Flinn's Knoll. Referred to the
Committee on Commerce.
A letter from the Secretary of War, transmitting a report,
in obedience to the resolution of the House of the 5th instant,
of the names of all agents, commissioners, or boards of officers
who have been sent to Europe since the year 1825 on busi-
ness connected with the Ordnance Department, together
with the expenses incurred thereby. Ordered to lie on the
table.
A letter from the Secretary of the Navy, transmitting a
report from the Fourth Auditor of the Treasury, in compli-
ance with a resolution of the House of the 12th instant, re-
ferring the petition of John Van Dyke, a Lieutenanton board
the U. S. frigate Constellation in the year 1799, to that De-
partment. Referred to the Committee on Naval Affairs.
A letter from the Commissioner of Public Buildings, com-
plaining that injustice has been done to him in the report of
the Commissioners appointed in March last to inquire into
the condition of the public buildings in the city of Washing-
ton, which report is now adopted by the Committee ofExpen.
ditures as a part of their report on the superintendent and ar-
chitect of the public buildings. Referred to the Committee
on the Expenditures of Public Buildings.
A letter from the Postmaster General, stating his inability,
with the present force of his office, to comply with the reso-
lution of the House of the 10th of September last, requiring
the number of charged letters carried in the mails for one
month or more; the number of letters charged at each of the
legal rates of postage ; the number charged at more than 25
cents, together with various other itemsof information relative
to letter, pamphlet, and newspaper postage. Referred to the
Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads.

THURSDAY, APRIL 21, 1842.
The Journal of yesterday was read and approved.
APPORTIONMENT BILL.
Mr. EVERETT asked leave to offer the following reso-
lution :
Resolved, That on Monday next, at 12 o'clock, all debate in
the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union, on
House bill No. 73 "t for the apportionment of Representatives
among the several States according to the sixth census," shall
cease, and the committee shall proceed to vote on the amendments
that may then be pending or shall be offered to said bill, and then
report the same to the House, with such amendments as may have
been agreed to by the committee, provided said bill is not sooner
reported to the House.
Mr. ANDREWS, of Kentucky, and other members ob-
jected.
Mr. ANDREWS, of Kentucky, moved that the resolution
be laid on the table.
Mr. EVERETT and Mr. WELLER simultaneously
asked the yeas and nays, which were ordered ; and, being
taken, were as follows:
YEAS-Messrs. Adams, Landaff W. Andrews, Sherlock J.
Andrews, Arnold, Arrington, Atherton, Barton, Bowne, Boyd,
Briggs, Bronson, C. Brown, Jeremiah Brown, Win. Butler, W.
0. Butler, G. W. Caldwell, Patrick C. Caldwell, J. Campbell,
T. J. Campbell, Cary, Chapman, Clifford, Clinton, Colquit, M. A.
Cooper, John Edwards, Egbert, Fessenden, John G. Floyd, Gamble,
Gentry, Gerry, W. 0. Goode, Gordon, Graham, Granger, Hall,
John Hastings, Hays, Holmes, Hopkins, Houck, Houston, Hubart,
Hunter, Charles J. Ingersoll, W. W. Irwin, Cave Johnson, Isaac
D. Jones, John P. Kennedy, Andrew Kennedy, Lewis, Abraham
McClellan, Robert McClellan, Alfred Marshall, John Thompson
Mason, Morrow, Osborne, Pope, Proffit, Read, Reding, Rhett,
Riggs, Roosevelt, James M. Russell, Saltonstall, Sanford, Saunders,
Shields, Snyder, Sellers, Sprigg, Steenrod, Stratton, Sweney,
Tatiaferro, John B. Thompson, Turney, Wallace, Warren, Wat-
terson, Westbrook, Edward D. White, Christopher H. Williams,
Winthrop-92.
NAYS--Messrs. Alien, Babcock, Baker, Beeson, Bidlack,
Birdseye, Blair, Botts, Brewster, Milton Brown, S. H. Butler,
Caruthers, Casey, John C. Clark, James Cooper, Cranston,
Cravens, Garrett Davis, Deberry, Everett, Fillmore, C. A. Ployd,
Pornance, A. Lawrence Poster, P. G. Goode, Halsted, William S.
Hastings, Henry, Howard, Hudson, Hunt, Joseph R. Ingersoll,
James Irvin, Jack, James, Keim, Lane, Linn, Samson Mason,
Mathiot, Mattocks, Medill, Miller, Moore, Morgan, Morris, Owsley,
Pearce, Pendleton, Powell, Ramsay, Randolph, Rayner, Reynolds,
Ridgway, Rodney, William Russell, Shepperd, Truman Smith,
St'mnly, Stokely, Alexander H. H. Stuart, John T. Stuart, Sum-
mers, Richard W. Thompson, Tillinghast, Toland, Triplett, Trium-
bull, Weller, Thomas W. Williams, Jos. L. Williams, A. Young,
John Young-74.
So the resolution was laid on the table.
THE TARIFF.
Mr. KENNEDY, of Maryland, rose and asked leave at
this time to present a petition from the city of Baltimore,
signed by nine thousand and ninety-four citizens of that place
without respect to party, praying such an adjustment of the
tariff as would secure to the domestic industry of the country
a proper protection ; praying also for a system of countervail-
ing duties in relation to those nations that had excluded our
products; and also praying for such discrimination on Ame-
rican tonnage as might be found necessary.
This memorial, Mr. K. was understood to say, had been
brought from the city of Baltimore by a committee of twenty-
eight gentlemen. It was 56 yards in length.
No objection being made-
Mr. K. moved that so much of the memorial as related to
domestic industry be referred to the Committee of the Whole
on the state of the Union, (to whom had been referred the
bill reported by Mr. SALTONSTALL from the Committee on
Manufactures )
And that so much as related to countervailing duties and
to the tonnage on American shipping be referred to the Coin-
mittee'on Commerce.
And Mr. K. moved that the memorial be printed.
Mr. SMITH, of Virginia, inquired if he understood the
gentleman from Maryland (Mr. KENNEDY) intended that
the names should be printed 1l
Mr. KENNEDY said no.
Mr. JOHN T. MASONsaid that his colleague (Mr. KEN-
NEDY) had stated that this memorial was signed by citizens
of Baltimore without distinction party. He (Mr. M.) was
authorized in saying that although there were the names of
some members of the Democratic party attached to the me-


merial, yet that the number of them was inconsiderable.
Mr. KENNEDY. Very well, I am very happy to hear
it. The memorial is signed by upwards of nine thousand cit-
izens of Baltimore. I am happy to hear that they are all
good Whigs, or nearly so. [Laughter, and cries of Good,
Good."]
[NOTE TO THE REPORTER.-In reply to this remark of Mr.
KENNEDY, Mr. MASON requests the Reporter to slate that he
understands that a great number of the names attached to the
memorial were the names of those who do not reside in Bal-
timore, but that they were gathered from travellers at the
railroad and steamboat offices in the city.J
Mr. EVERETT was understood to say that, as the
gentleman from Maryland (Mr. MAsoN) had thought proper
to give a political character to this memorial, he (Mr. E.)
would move that the names be printed.
A motion was made (by Mr. TURNEY, as the Reporter
understood) to lay the motion to print on the table ; which
motion, by ayes 70, noes 65, was agreed to.
So the motion to print was laid on the table,
Mr. MEDILL asked the unanimous consent of the House
to enable him to present the proceedings of a meeting of the
citizens of the Hosking Valley, in the State of Ohio, con-
vened at the court-house in Logan, April 5, 1842, expressive
of the views entertained by them in relation to the prominent
matters now in controversy between the United States and
Great Britain ; and (Mr. M. said) as the subject was one of
great interest, and the views therein expressed met with his
cordial approbation, he would move that the proceedings be
printed.


Mr. MORGAN objected to the printing, after the vote
just taken refusing to print a memorial of nine thousand
citizens.
Objection, however, was made to the reception of the reso-
lutions, and the reading of them was called for.
And the resolutions having been read, as follows:
Resolved, That we deem our treaty of 1783 with Great
Britain too plain and specific to warrant her further occupation of
our Northeastern frontier, and that the State of Maine should
have the support and countenance of the National Government
for the immediate establishment of her boundary in accordance
with the aforesaid treaty.
Resolved, That it is the duty of our Government to maintain
our boundaries on the Pacific, between north latitude 42 dog. aad
54deg. 40 min. as agreed on with Spain and Russia, and that a
Territorial Government should immediately be established in the
Valley of the Oregon.
Resolved, That the rights of our citizens in person and property
should be as inviolate all over the world as are the rights and inter-
eats of the citizens of Great Britain j and if not deemed so invio-
late, it is the duty of the National Government to make them so
without delay.
Resolved, That it is our duty to resist, to the last extremity, all
attempts by England, or any other Power on earth, to search our
merchant vessels in the African or any other seas, under the pre-
tence of suppressing the slave trade or reclaiming her own citi-
zens; and that, as Ameriansrland philanthropists, we feel as much
abhorrence for the African slave trade as can be claimed by Eng-
land, whose merchants fiurnish the facilities for the inhuman
traffic.
Resolved, That the demand made for satisfaction for the inva-
sion of the frontier on the Niagara should be enforced, and that ii-
demnity for the destruction of the steamboat Careline at Schlosser
has been long enough delayed.
Resolved, That the Secretary of State is hereby requested to
urge his demand for satisfaction to the last extremity, and that
nothing but such urgency will carry out the expressions of the
people, based on his letter to Mr. Fox, dated April 24, 1841.
Resolved, That however we may differ with the present Ad-
ministration of the General Government on many points of do-
mestic policy, yet it shall receive our unwavering support in de-
fence of national faith and national honor, the integrity of our ter-
ritories, and the maintenance of our private and public rights from
unwarrantable aggressions.
Resolved, That, however desirous of peace with all nations, we
are not longer willing to maintain it at the expense of national
dignity and interest, and that our navy and fortifications should
be immediately placed in the best possible state of defence.
Mr. STANLY objected to the reception of the resolutions.
Mr. MEDILL said that, as the proceedings cams from a
highly respectable meeting of the people, composed chiefly
of his own constituents, he felt it to be his duty to move a
suspension of the rules to enable him to offer them.
On which motion the vote steed: Ayes 61, noes not
counted.
So the rules were not suspended, and the resolutions were
not received.
Mr. J. G FLOYD, on leave given, presented certain joint
resolutions from the Legislature of the Stateof New York, in-
structing their Senators and requesting their Representatives
in Congress to vote for a repeal of the land distribution law.
Laid on the table, and ordered to be printed.
Mr. PROFFIT asked leave to offer the following reso-
lution.
Resolved, That thie Secretary of the Treasury be directed to
inform this House what amount ofmoney has been paid, or is now
ascertained to be due, or for which payment has been demanded,
on contracts for iron work for the New York custom-house, since
the 56h of April, 1841 ; to whom the payments have been made,
under what contract, discriminating between iron railing and iron
desk stands, &c.; also, out of what fund the amounts have been
paid or are expected to be paid, the name of each contractor, the
prices of each contract per pound or otherwise, and by whom said
contracts were made ; also, copies of vouchers for all payments
madeon said iron contracts, and copies of vouchers for furniture al-
ready furnished and paid for; and, also, what amount of furni-
ture for said custom-house has been contracted for and not yet
paid for, and with whom said contracts were made.
Mr. BRIGGS desired to offer the following amendment:
Resolved, That the President of the United States be request-
ed to communicate to thibis House the report or reports made by
the commissioners or any of those who were appointed to investi-
gate the affairs of the New York custom-house.
Mr. EVERETT objected to the reception both of the res-
olution and amendment.
Mr. PROFFIT withdrew his resolution.
APPORTIONMENT BILL.
On motion of Mr. EVERETT, the House resolved itself
into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union,
(Mr. ALLEN, of Maine, in the Chair,) and resumed the con-
sideration of the bill for the apportionment of Representa-
tives among the several States according to the Sixth Census.
When the committee adjourned last evening the state of
the question was as follows:
On motion of Mr. STUART, of Illinois, the amendment of
Mr. EVERETT, firing the ratio at 70,680 had been stricken
out, and 58,000 had been inserted.
And Mr. CUSHINo had moved to strike out 58,000, and
insert 50,391, which motion Mr. EvERETT had submitted
was out of order on the ground that the question must now
be taken between the number of 58,000 and the number pro-
posed in the bill, [i. e. 68,000]
Pending which question of order the committee had risen.
And the question now recurring thereon-
The CHAIRMAN decided the amendment ofMr. CusH-
I NO to be out of order.
And stated the ponding question to be on striking out
68,000, [the number in the original bill,] and inserting
58,00.
Mr. JOHN THOMPSON MASON obtained the floor
and inquired of the Chair If it would be in order now to of-
fer an amendment to the bill I
The CHAIR replied that it would not be, as there were as
many amendments now pending as the rules allowed.
Mr. MASON then said that at the proper time he would
offer an amendment providing that a ratio of sixty-two thou-
sand should be established for each Representative, and would
briefly state the reasons why he would urge upon the House
the rejection of the present pending amendment, and the
adoption of the one he proposed submitting.
This was one, he said, of the most important and delicate
subjects which could claim the attention of Congress at its
present session, inasmuch as it brought into conflict the va-
rious and diversified interests of the whole country.
There are, continued Mr. M., in my opinion, three great
objects to be accomplished by this bill. The first, and most
important one is, that the fractions, whether they may be large
or small, should fall equally upon the various interests of the
country, and more particularly should they fall with equality
upon the free and the slave States. Some gentlemen have
believed that the great object to be accomplished was, that the
aggregate fraction should bh as small as possible. This is
not so desirable as that the fraction should be borne equally
by the free and the slave States.
Mr. M. submitted a table or calculation, for the correctness
of which he would vouch, by which he went to show that
this equality would be better reached by the number he pro-
posed (62,000) than by any other which had yet been or
which might hereafter be submitted. The calculation or ta-
ble was as follows:
The present number of Representatives is 242. At 62,000
the number of Representatives would be 245.
The average fraction of all the States would be 30,013 ;
the average fraction in the slave States would be 29,372; the
average traction in the free States would be 30,741: making
a difference in the average fraction of 1,369 against the free
States, and in the aggregate of 17,797-being that many
more souls unrepresented in the free States than in the slave
States.
At 68,000: Number of Representatives 224; average frac-
tion of all the States 26,014; average fraction of slave States
27,282; average fraction of free States 24,821; making a
difference in the average fraction of 2,461 against the slave
States, and in the aggregate of 31,993- being that many more
souls unrepresented in the slave States than in the free States.
At 53,999: Number of Representatives 282; average frac-
tion of all the States 26,196; average fraction of slave States
20,581 ; average fraction of tree States 31.726; making a dif-
ference in the average fraction of 11 145 against the free
States, and in the aggregate of 144,885-being that many
more souls unrepresented in the free States than in the slave
States.
At 70,000: Number of Representatives 217; average frac-
tion of all the States 27,629; average fraction of slave States
24,739; average fraction of free States 30,107; making a dif-
ference in the average fraction of 5,366 against the free States,
and in the aggregate of 69,756.
And this calculation might be pursued, and it would appear
that no number, from fifty up to severity thousand, would so
effectually secure this equality as the number he suggested-
sixty-two thousand.
Under this number the following States, represented on
this floor at present by one hundred and fifty-six members,
would have fractions less than one-half, viz.
Fraction. Fraction.
Maine 5,793 Tennessee 11,986
New York 10919 Indiana 3,864
New Jersey 1,036 Kentucky 24,724
Delaware 15,043 South Carolina 29 585
Maryland 124 Ohio 31465
Virginia 6 6302 Arkansas 27600
Georgia 21,014 | Michigan 26,267


And it would be observed that States represented at present
on this floor by one hundred and four members, under this
ratio would have fractions less than one-fourth.
Another fact worthy of consideration was, that the large
fractions under this ratio fall chiefly, excepting New York
and Ohio, upon the larger States; a result to be desired, as
the larger States can much better bear large fractions than the
small States, as the weight of the fraction would in the one
case fall upon many Representatives, when in the other it
would fall upon a few.
Maryland, it was true, had a very small fraction under this
ratio. This Mr. M. said he regretted, because his motive
might be questioned; for, while he was desirous of protect-
ing the rights of his own State, he was more desirous of ad-
vancing the general good-as he honestly believed the effect
of this ratio would be to produce general good and advance
every interest.
In the second place, he did not desire to increase the pres-
ent size of the House of Representatives. It had been sug-
gested that, if you greatly increase our numbers, the House
by the mere force of its numbers will carry its measures with-
out rules and with more order and despatch than it now does.
This he denied; for, let the number of this House be as
large as it might, the People would be heard through their
Representatives. We should not ba able, as in the British
House of Commons, to trample or cry them down. There
was no resemblance, and could be none, between the House
of Representatives in this country and the House of Com-
mons in Englandi and, besides, the expense of a large House


of Representatives was something to be considered. The
House should just be large enough to preserve the represent-
ative principle, and not too large to transact business, or to
allow every member to be heard when he desires.
In the third place, the House should not be too small. If
it was made too small, it would then be in danger of losing
its purity and independence. The majority might then be
expected to be small. And how much easier would it be for
the Executive to influence and corrupt a small majority on
this floor than a large one l1 The protection and liberty of the
People required that this body should be far beyond the reach
of Executive influence, and as its number was diminished, its
safety from Executive encroachment and influence was les-
sened. And, further, as you diminish the number of this
House, you impair in the same proportion the representative
principle-the great principle upon which the People relied
for their own protection and for the protection of their
institutions.
It had been asserted that the weight of the small States
would be increased by a large ratio. This Mr. M. doubted,
unless the ratio was so increased as to make it greater than
the population of the State, and it should thereby be thrown
upon itsconstitutional right to one Representative at all events.
As long as there was a fraction, it would fall heavier upon
the small than upon the large States, because there were so
many more Representatives in the larger for the fraction to be
divided-between than there were in the smaller States.
The ratio of sixty two thousand, Mr. M. believed, would
better accomplish all the great ends to be arrived at by this
bill than any other number that might be named, and he
hoped the committee would adopt it.
Mr. TILLINGHAST opposed the amendment. The
number 58,000, which it proposed, would, if adopted, increase
the present number of the House by twenty members: he
considered this, however, as no objection, since a House con-
taining 300 or 280 members would be just as competent to
do public business with advantage as a House with the
present number. The popular branch of the Legislature
should always be numerous; this was in the spirit of the
Constitution; and he did not think the country would be
satisfied that the number should be fixed at its present
amount. Mr. T. strenuously opposed the adoption of 58,000,
as the most inconvenient ratio that could be hit upon; it oc-
casioned a loss of 11 members to the Old Thirteen States
and of one to Kentucky. Hewent into a detailed statement
of the result, as affecting each State respectively. Whilethat
number weakened the representation of the old States by 12,
it would strengthen that of the new by 58. Mr. T. an-
nounced his determination, should the amendment be re-
jected, to propose the number 54,000: this would produce a
House of 281 members.
Mr. THOMPSON, of Indiana, disclaimed every thing
like sectional or local feeling in the vote he should give,
which would be based on broad and general principles.
This was, in fact, not a question of relative strength, but a
question of principle. He opposed the increase tof the House
as tending to make it unwieldy: he thought it ought rather
to be reduced. Should the ratio be fixed at 100,000, it would
effect a saving in the pay of members of $400,000 per
annum. It was vain for the old States to expect to retain
forever their present relative representation: that of the new
States must of course increase. He thought it better to
have a Legislature consisting of a comparatively small num-
ber of well informed business men, than a much larger num-
ber of those destitute of business habits and fond of deba-
ting. He was understood as giving notice that, should the
present amendment fail, he would move to strike out all the
bill after the enacting clause and insert a different number.
Mr. CHARLES BROWN made no professions of being
disinterested in the question-a question on which argu-
ments and speeches would be likely to have little effect, as
each man would probably go for what was most advantageous
to his own State. He did not agree with the gentleman from
Indiana in the views he had expressed : the gentleman's prin-
ciple tended to reduce the House to the control of a few : if
carried fairly out, it would bring it down to one, and that one,
he supposed, was to be the gentleman himself. Mr. B.
thought it better that much time should be consumed in
considering a few bills, so as to be sure they were good and
wise ones, than to rush rapidly through a great many bad
ones. The popular branch of the Legislature ought accu-
rately to represent the People who sent them. If its num.
ber was small, they would be likely to consist chiefly of law-
yers and other public men who had the means of making
themselves generally known in their districts; few farmers
would ever find their way into such a House as the gentle
man from Indiana seemed to desire. Mr. B. cited the exam-
ple of the very numerous Legislature of the State of Massa-
chusetts, which, notwithstanding, got through the legislation
of a session in forty days. In the multitude of counsel there
was safety; and he was for retaining at least the present num-
ber of members. He was willing to vote for 60,000, or be-
tween that and 70,000. Mr. B. concluded with an appeal to
the committee, invitingthem by general consent to let as well
the number reported by the committee as that proposed in the
amendment be stricken out, and suffering the bill to stand with
the number blank, to allow every member to propose such a
number as he thought best, and let the vote be taken on each
number so proposed, beginning at the highest.
Mr. POPE warmly supported this proposal as the most
fair to all sides.
Mr. THOMPSON, of Indiana, briefly responded to Mr.
BROWN. That gentleman, he contended, was for a talking
number, while Mr. T. was for a business number: he was
willing the gentleman and himself should be taken as fit
specimens of what each would have the House composed of
The gentleman was talking incessantly, and uttered a vast
multitude of words every time he got up, while Mr. T. had
scarcely ever intruded himself upon the House.
Mr. BOTTS suggested that, after voting down the present
amendment, (should such be the pleasure of the committee,)
they should then vote on striking out the number in the bill,
This was contrary to the rule which declared striking out
and inserting but one motion : yet it could be done by gene
ral consent, and would open the way for the mode proposed
by the gentleman from Pennsylvania. [The same mode had
been proposed, at the beginning, by Mr. BRIoUs.]
After a brief discussion on the question of order and the
best mode of proceeding-
The question was decided on the amendment, and the
vote reported by tellers to stand as follows: Ayes 57, noes
not counted.
So the House rejected the motion to strike out 68,000 as
reported by the committee, and insert 58,000 as proposed by
Mr. EVERETT'S amendment.
Mr. BRIGGS now moved simply to strike out the 68,000,
as now in the bill.
Mr. STUART, of Illinois, opposed the motion ; but the
question being taken, it was carried without a count.
So the bill was left standing with the number blank.
Motions were then received by the Chair for filling the
blank, whereupon the following numbers were proposed :
By Mr. Underwood, 141 000 J. C. Edwards, 60.000
R. W. Thompson, 114000 Reynolds, 59:506
Watterson, 105000 Graham, 59,241
Turney, 102000 Botts,A. H. H. Stu-
Morgan, 100000 art, and Win. W.
Chapman, 97000 Irwin, 58,900
Rogers, 92,000 Everett, 58,250
Cave Johnson, 90,000 Caruthers and A. V.
Warren, 80,000 Brown, 58,152
James Russell, 78 365 Arnold, 58 000
Ridgway, 75,500 Colquit and Gordon, 57831
Sau riders, 74,500 Riggs, 57,830
J. Thompson, 74,100 Hubard, 57,500
J Irvin, 74,000 Moore, 57000
Gamble, McKay, and Eastman, 56.914
Mathiot, 72,000 Atherton, 56,746
E. D. White, 71,000 M. A. Cooper, 56200
Gilmer, Wise, and Green, 54 500
Stokely, 70 680 W.O. Butler, 54378
Lewis, 69,906 Osesley, 54,265
Rhett and W. Butler, 66,000 Tilhinghast and J. P.
C. Brown, Daniel, and Kennedy, 54,000
P. C. Caldwell, 65 500 Shields and Pearce, 53,999
Habersham, 63 500 Fornance, 53.800
Snyder, 63,000 Stratton, 53 000
Blair, 62 500 Sanford 52,285
W. Smith, 62,279 Howard, 52100
Randolph, 62,172 Holmes, 51,300
Powell, A. Marshall, Boardman, 51,000
Halsted, and Hop- Riggs, 50,159
kins, 62000 Roosevelt, Pendleton,
Houston, 61,167 Clinton, and Reding, 50,000
Dean, 60,778 Van Buren and Cad-
Linn, J. Brown, and houn, 45,000
Read, 60,700 R. D. Davis and R.
J. Cooper and John C. McClellan, 30,000
Clark, 60,500
All the numbers having been proposed, (either viva voce
by gentlemen in their seats, or by sending billets to the
Clerk's table)-
They were reported by the Clerk to the House.
Mr. EVERETT proposed that the respective numbers
named should be arranged in regular order, beginning with
the largest. And in order to give the Clerk time for this, he


moved that the Committee new rise, and that the Clerk's re-
port be printed. He supported the motion by referring totwo
bills relating to cur commercial arrangements with foreign
nations, which Mr. CUSHMN had been very anxious to get up.
Mr. BOTTS opposed the motion, and it was negatived.
Mr. UNnEaRWOOD'S motion, being for the largest number,
viz. 141,000, was first taken up for the action of the com-
mittee.
Mr. UNDERWOOD read a statement showing what
would be the effect of the adoption of the number proposed.
It would leave four States with one member each; seven
States with two members; three States with three members ;
four States with four members; four States with five mem-
bers ; beside which Virginia would have eight, Pennsylvania
twelve, and New York seventeen. It would leave a smaller
fraction, too, than any other number proposed, save one. Mr.
U. argued in favor of having a House of limited numbers, as
more favorable to cool and intelligent legislation. He be-
lieved that less than half the present number of Representa-
tives would do more business, and do it better than the exist-
ing number. He deprecated any large increase of members,
as tending toward a mob government, by confusion, crowing
like cocks, braying like asses, shuffling with feet, coughing,
and other similar expedients now pursued in the House of
Commons in England. If this was what gentlemen really
desired, then let them take the lowest average that had been
proposed.
Mr. HOLMES was in favor of a numerous House of Rep-
resentatives, and founded his arguments for it, as he said, on
the Constitution. If it had been the intention of the framers
of that instrument to separate the powers of Government


into three distinct departments, independent of each other,
then the experiment had, in practice, signally failed. The
popular branch of the Legislature was in fact the Govern-
ment, and all attempts of the Executive, and of the other
branch, to counterbalance it had proved unavailing. Such
being the case, it was important to guard it against corrup-
tion; and nothing tended more to this result than enlarging
its number. He referred, in illustration, to the days of Won-
eral Jackson, when the will of one man had wielded the
power of the nation; and cited the course pursued by the
elder Adams in regard to the Constitution of Massachusetts,
when he had proposed a very numerous popular Legislature
as the best safeguard to liberty.
I Mr. POPE said he had once been in favor of a diminished
number of Representatives, as-a means of avoiding the confu-
sion and delay which now too much prevailed; ibut, on further
reflection, and after more experience, he had come to the be-
lief that for the preservation of liberty the larger the number
of Representatives of the People the better. He refer red, in
support of a numerous delegation, to the course of General
Washington, who had proposed, in convention,to make the re-
striction in the Constitution as low as 30,000. It was the opin-
ion ofmanyof the greatest of the Virginiasiatesmen t hat is vou
increased the number of the People's representantas in i he Le-
gislature, you increased the actual power of the People. Mr.
P. advocated a comparatively small Congressional district, as
better enabling the Representative to have a personal acquaint-
ance with his constituents, and rendering him more indepen-
dent of the misrepresentations of a party press. It would be
harder to prostrate an honest man in a smaller than in a viry
large district. The power of wealth, too, would be less felt.
He believed a House with five hundred members would pre-
serve more order in its proceedings, and would have a smaller
number of debaters, than one of the present size.
Mr. DAVIS, of New York, very warmly opposed the
number now under consideration, and contended for a small
average and a numerous House of the People. -As to Ithe ob-
jection from increased expense, he had a ready mode of meet-
mig that: which was, to reduce the per diem of members to
$4, aud abolish their flanking privilege. He avowed it as
his earnest desire to get more of the People into the House
and fewer gentlemen. He recognized no such clan in the
community; he wanted to see the hard-handed mechanics
and farmers on that floor. He, too, believed a House of five
hundred members would be more orderly and would do b-isi-
ness more expeditiously. The necessity of each man's making
a speech to satisfy the expectation of his constituents would
in such a House be superseded-the members would be act-
ing, voting men, not talking men. Mr. D. wanted to change
the tone of manners and feelings in this metropolis. He lell
himself a stranger here, and wanted an atmosphere round him
more congenial to those he represented. The House ought
to be a living, acting emanation from the People, and should
be composed of materials of the same sort with them. He
would gladly see its numbers doubled. As it was now, he
never had seen more disorder and less decorum and efficiency
in any legislative body.
Mr. UNDERWOOD further advocated the amendment
he had proposed, and argued against the principle of the gen-
tleman who had o posed it, and had contended for a numerous
representation. From 1789 to the present time the members
of the House had increased from 69 to 242. Our population
was now seventeen millions. It was doubling itself every
twenty-five years, and figures would show that, in twenty-
five years more, we should at that rate have thirty-four mil-
lions, and then again sixty-eight millions; and in twenty-five
years further, one hundred and thirty-six millions; all with-
in the period of a single life time. Now, if gentlemen pro-
ceeded on the ground that, in order to the safety of liberty,
we must have a Representative for every fifty thousand
people, in seventy-five years from this time our House of
Representatives would number two thousand six hundred
and twenty members!
[A voice, How long would it take to call the yeas and
nays 1"]
Could this be necessary to the security of the People's
rights l Mr. U. passed a high eulogium on Mr. POPE, but
put it to that gentleman's canilor to say whether his own
principle did not need some restriction 1
Mr. U. reminded gentlemen that this was not a local mu-
nicipal Government, but one formed chiefly with an aspect
to our foreign relations: in such a Government identity of
feeling with the People was the main thing to be preserved;
and this could be secured whether the number of Represen-
tatives was larger or smaller. One gentleman had urged
that large numbers in a large district would be more accept-
able to the influence of wealth; another had insisted that
multiplying the members of the House was the way to pre-
vent its being bought up by the Executive. The arguments
of gentlemen cut each other's throats. To enlarge the Con-
gressional districts would raise the character of the R-pre-
sentative: it would break the power of mere shake-hands and
grog-shop influence, and would require more weight of cha-
racter to secure a man's election. As to greatly enlightening
ihe People by personal intercourse, but little could be dori.e;
if they were to be enlightened, it must be by circulars,
[A voice. But how if they can't read 1"]
then it would be of little use for a member of Congress to
go through the district as a schoolmaster teaching his people
to read and write. [A laugh.]
Mr. U. concluded by dwelling on the influence of his plan
in elevating the smaller States on the floor, and giving them
also more weight in a Presidential election,
Mr. WISE said he differed tote caslo from the gentleman
from Kentucky on his right, (Mr. POPE,) and insisted that
the history of this Government did not show that a less nu-
merous body was more easily corrupted than a larger. The
Senate, a less numerous body than the House, was the chief5
check upon the Executive, both on the score of appointments
ond also in the treaty-making power. If he attempted to buy
any it would be them; yet the Constitution had given hut
wo Senators even to a State containing two millions and a
half of people. There had never but a single instance
of attempted direct bribery been proved, and in that the at-
'empt was not made upon the Senate but in that House.
[Mr. bpisio interposed, and referred to a usurpation by the
Senate, in 1837, of the powers and prerogatives of the House
in originating money bills.]
Mr. WIsE insisted that this made in favor of his side of the
argument, for all originating of money bills by this House
nust cease if its numbers were greatly augmented. Money
oills had now to be corrected and patched by the S nate, and
f the members were multiplied, they would be still m re im-
perfect and defective. In a large House, the opportunity to
bribe was easier than in a small; for it must act under lead-
ers, and it was only to bribe the leaders and the Executive
could secure the control of the body. Mr. W. extended
similar reasoning to all popular meetings; spoke of his expe-
rience in such assemblies; and gave an edifying account of
.he machinery used on such occasions; the preparation of re-
solutions cut and dried beforehand ; the designation and train-
ing of speakers; the supplying them with points of argu-
ment, &c.; and the carrying of the result by a huzza. It
might be Tom, Dick, and Harry who huzzied, but it was the
leaders who were to be bribed: the people could not be.
Gentlemen seemed to have had the British House ot Comn-
mons before their eyes; just as if that were a representation
)f the people of England. It was no such thing; it was a
representation of the Ministry in power, or soon to come into
power. The members, a large majority of them, were absent
most of the time, and were sent for when their votes were
wanted. This was the natural result of a very numerous
legislative body. A House so constituted would necessary
throw the whole power of the Government into the hands of
the Senate and the Executive. In the last war the House
had contained a little over a hundred members; and even then
it had at one time sat three weeks, without a recess, before it
could get a question. Had it consisted^of three hundred men,
what would have become of the country The Capitol might
have been battered down before the House of Representatives
could have voted a man or a dollar to defend it. As to the
argument for reducing the pay of members, it was an argu-
ment to the aristocracy-its tendency was to fill the House
only with them ; poor men could not afford to come here. IK
the gentleman was so anxious to see butchers and bakers in
the House, he took the wrong course to bring them into it.
Why, a man could not, as it was, bear the expense of a for-
eign mission unless he had a fortune; and so it would be in
this House; unless he was willing to break himself, break his
friends, and ruin his wife and children. Besides, the Consti-
tution required one-half the total number of the House to
constitute a quorum, (in the House of Commons forty men
were sufficient,) and how much of the time had the present
Heuse contained over one hundred and sixty member'l What
would a House do with double its number 1 There would be
an eternal call of the House; and each call would consume
hours. Parliament was the local as well as the general legis-
lature-the only legislature; but here we had twenty-four local
legislatures; hence neighborhood .representation was not
called for. A local legislature ought to be large ; a national
need not be. The present number of the House just steered -
between the benefits of both plans; while it never was led,
it was always misled. Never, since Mr. W. had held a seat
here, had it been. so inefficient a body as it was at this mo-
ment. The deterioration bad been constant, as well in the


despatch of business as in the manner and the matter of its
debates. All owing, as he believed, to its overgrown size.
Mr. SPRIGG replied, but was very fitfully heard by the
Reporter. Mr. S. was very animated and very indignant in
his comments on the derogatory remarks in relation to the
present character and standing of the House with which Mr.
WisE had concluded. He considered it part of a conspiracy
by base lick-spittle fellows" to "slang whang the House,
with a view to degrade it in the public estimation. He re-
ferred especially to a communication in the newpapers from
a naval officer, who had afterwards come crawling on his
knees to ask the pardon of Congress. He was ashamed this
low slang should be countenanced by members on the floor.
The gentleman had said this House had been deteriorating
ever since he had been in it, and signified something about
leaving it. He hoped the gentleman would do so ; then per-
haps the House would grow better. God knew there wasno
one man in it whose absence would so highly improve it.
[Roars.]
As to what had been said by a colleague of his (Mr. UN-
DERWOOD) about shake-hands and dram-drinking influence,
he thought a man who would shake a good fellow cordially
by the hand, and drink a glass of wine with him in friend-
ship, much better than any member of the Executive Tempe-.
rance Society, or the Congressional Temperance Society
either. [A laugh.] It was an insult to the House to base
an argument before it on the hypothesis that its members
could be bought up. What had drinking a glass of good
whiskey with a man's constituents to do with cheating
them and deceiving themI Yet this was his colleague's
argument. If it had come from same fellow along on the
northeast coast, he should not so much have minded it; but to
come froi a colleague ofhie I The gentleman was for having







a sedet few here., because many could not resist the pow
of thae Ezeutives. It was an insult to insinuate such a thing
And there was the gentleman from Virginia, who hqAl de
nounced the only Democratic feature in the British Consti
tuition. The gentleman might bake his head, but he did
The gentleman seemed to think Senators greatly superior ti
siere members ofthe House. It showed the inward tenden
else and aspirations of his heart. The House of Lords wer,
greater gentlemen than the House of Commons; and so Se
Bators were ildeenter men than we I He denied that it wasj
the Senate thatwaesa check upon the Executive. No: i
was this House that was his check; and never had a set o
fellows shown themselves more obstreperous to an Executive
than this Congress had to John Tyler. (Loud laughter..
His colleague seemed to think. that if he could but represent
141,000 people he would be a much greater man than he is
now-perhaps almost, or quite, equal to a Senator, Great
God! (exclaimed Mr. S.) a'n't you content '1 [Laughter.]
If Mr. S. did not think himself fully equal te any Senator
breathing he would straight walk out of that Hall. [A laugh.]
He spoke in complimentary terms of the present and late Sen-
store from his State, and congratulated himself that he had
heartily voted for them both, and against his colleague.
Mr. UNDERWOOD here observed that he never had
been a candidate: his name had been run without his know-
ledge o;r consent.
After some remarks scarce heard about the election of a
Lieutenant Governor in Kentucky, Mr. S. concluded by ex.
pressing his very decided opposition to the amendment pro-
posed by Mr. UNDERWOOD.
The question being now taken, the amendment was nega-
tived without a count.
It was then taken on the next highest number, viz. 114,000,
and negatived. Also in succession on 114,000, on 105,000,
and on 102,000. All which were negatived.
The question then recurring on 100,000-
Mr. MORGAN demanded tellers; which were ordered.
Mr. THOMPSON, of Indiana, moved that the committee
rise ; but the motion was negatived: Ayes 53, noes 89.
The vote on 100,000 was reported by the tellers to stand,
Ayes 25, noes not counted. So it was lost.
The question was then successively taken on 97,000, on
95,000, on 92,000, on 90,000, on 80,000, on 78,365, on
75,500, on 74,500, on 74,100, on 74,000, on 72,000, and on
71,000. All which were rejected.
The question next recurring on 70,680, Mr. WisE demand-
ed tellers ; which were ordered : when the vote stood, ayes
37 noes not counted. So it was negatived.
Tihe question was then put on 69,906, on 66,000, on
6,500, and on 63 500. All which were rejected.
Mr. ARNOLD moved that the committee rise; but the
committee refused, and continued to vote, on 63,000, on
62500, and on 62,279. All which were negatived.
Mr. CLIFFORD moved to rise; but the committee refused.
Mr. C. BROWN remonstrated against confining the
House to an aristocratic few. He entreated gentlemen to act
from judgment, not from feeling; and concluded a brief ad-
dress made amidst much confusion, by moving that the com-
mittee rise; on which motion he demanded tellers, but they
were refused ; and the committee refused to rise.
The question was then taken on 62,279, and on 62,172,
and lost.
Mr. JEREMIAH BROWN moved to rise. Lost.
The question was then taken on 62,172 and negatived.
It recurred next on 62,000, when Mr. J. THOMPSON
MASON demanded tellers; but they were refused, and the
question decided in the negative. The question was in like
manner put on 61,167, on 60,778, and on 60,700, and nega-
tived.
The next number was 60,500.
Mr. CHARLES BROWN moved that the committee
Sbut the committee continued to sit.
Mr. CLIFFORD demanded tellers, which were ordered,
and the vote being taken, stood ayes 82, noes 60.
So it was voted by the Committee of the Whole on the
state of the Union that the blank in the bill, declaring the
number of constituents necessary to elect a Representative to
Congress, should be filled witl4 the number 60,500.
The Committee then rose, and thereupon the House ad-
journed.

Among the petitions laid on the Clerk's table to-day, under
the order of the House of the 29th of March, the following
have been brought to the special notice of the Reporter:
By Mr. WHITE, of Louisiana: The petition of a number of
inhabitants of Terrebonne, to be allowed to enter their back lands,
improperly refused by the land office.
Of Glendy Burke, to locate other lands in lieu.
Of the Chamber of Commerce of New Orleans, for a modifica-
tion of the mail laws.
OfCapt H. L. Thistle, for pay for a herse killed in Florida.
By Mr. J. T. MASON: A memorial from a number of citizens
of Alleghany county, Maryland, praying "the speedy adoption of
an efficient tariff, both for revenue and protection, so adjusted as
to afford ample encouragement to the home manufacture of such
articles as we have the ability to produce."
By Mr. WINTHROP: The memorial of Samuel May & Co.
and sixty others, of Boston, importing merchants and dealers in
foreign hardware praying for an adjustment of the tariff on a per-
manrent basis, with discriminating duties that will effectually dis-
courage frauds on the revenue and encourage out home products
and industry.
By Mr. FOSTER: The proceedings of a meeting of inhsbi-
tents of Cazenovia, Madison county, N. Y., in behalf of American
prisoners at Van Dieman's Land.
Also, like proceedings of inhabitants of Earlville, Madison
county, New York.
Also. like proceedings of inhabitants of Madison, Madison coun-
ty, New York.
4 Also, memorials of John Williams and 68 others, and Edwin
Dunbar and 25 others, on the subject of a tariff of duties on foreign
imports.
By Mr. HALL: The proceedings of a public meeting of the
Inhabitants of Windham county, Vermont, and a memorial of said
inhabitants in favor of a protective tariff of duties.
By Mr. RAMSEY: The petition of James Lovett and 248
others, of Pennsylvania, praying Congress to abolish the office of
tide-waiter at Bristol, Pennsylvania.
By Mr. GRANGER : Three petitions from citizens of Onta-
rio county, New York, in favor of the protection of American
industry.
By Mr. MATTOCKS: Proceedings of a convention of citi-
zens of Washington county, Vermont, in favor of a protective
tariff.
Also, the memorial of citizens of Washington county, Vermont,
in favor of a protective tariff.
Also, three other memorials from the same county, in favor of
a protective tariff.
Also, the memorial of citizens of Rutland county, Vermont, in
favor of a protective tariff.
By Mr. J. C. CLARK: The proceedings of a public meeting
of citizens of North Norwich, Chenango county, New York, in
behalf of the American prisoners at Van Dieman's Land, asking
Congress to request the Executive to open negotiations with the
Bri, ish Government for their release.
Also, like proceedings of citizens of Sherburne, Chenango
county, New York.
Also, like proceedings of citizens of Plymouth, Chenango
county, New York.
By Mr. HUNT: The petition of Leiand Crandall et a1. of the
county of Rensselaer, State of New York, in favor of protecting
American labor and industry.
Also, the petition of A. R. Fox et al. of Sand Lake, Rensse-
laer county, New York, for a specific duty upon window glass
not less than it was before 31st December, 1841.

SUMMER ARRANGEMENT.
POST OFIC, WASHINnTOs CITy,
AntL. 21, 1842.
The Great eastern and Northern Mail will hereafter be closed
at this office daily at 3 P. M. and 9 P. M. Letters and papers
received by it will be delivered at half-past 7 A. M. and half-past
7P.M.
The Great Southern Mail will be closed daily at 9 P. M.
Letters and papers received by it will be delivered at half-past
4 P.M.
The Great Western Mail will be closed daily at 3 P. M. Let-
ters and papers received by it will be delivered at half-past 7
A.M.
The Peat Office will be kept open every day, except Sundays
from half-past 7 A. M. to 8 P. M. On Sundays as heretofore.
This arrangement will be continued during the Summer, and
until further notice.


ap 22-d2w WM. JONES, Postmaster.
OTICE.-POTOMAC BRIDGE FERRY.-The
1 Steamer Union, being thoroughly repaired, will continue to
run near the break in the bridge till it is completed, at the follow-
ing prices, viz.
Carriage and inur horses 75 cents. Two horse carriage 60 cents.
Buggies and one horse 26 Do buggy 37 "


WASHINGTON.
"Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and
Inseparable."

FRIDAY, APRIL 22, 1842.

Mr. CLAY, the distinguished statesman and
Sex-Senator of Kentucky, left this city yesterday,
on his way to his home in the West.

S Among the visitors at present in our city, ought
to be mentioned the name of the Hon. CHARLES
* FENTON MERCER, now of Florida, the former dis-
Stinguished and useful Representative in Congress
Sfor many years from the Loudoun district in
Virginia.

S In the HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, yesterday,
a vote was taken in Committee of the Whole, by
which a strong indication was given of a dispo-
sition, not to say determination, to fix the repre-
sentation in Congress, under the new census, at
the ratio of one Represeltative for every sixty
thousand five hundred of federal population. The
establishment of this ratio would make the House
of Representatives consist hereafter of two hun-
dred and fifty members.
The majority on this vote was 16, large enough
to justify our considering the question settled,
had not so many members (about ninety) been
absent, (of whom a number are absent from the
city, and some from indisposition.) A full vote,
therefore, may of course yet reverse this decision.

THE RIGHT OF SEARCH.
A Pamphlet has just issued from the Philadel-
phia press, and is for sale at F. Taylor's book-
store in this city, which is of much interest at the
present moment, as showing, in the strongest
light that can be thrown upon it by an accomplish-
ed jurist and diplomatist, his peculiar view of the
question of the right of search as it is involved in
the pending negotiation between the United
States and Great Britain. The Essay is from the
pen of HENRY WHEATON, L.L. D., Minister of
the United States at the Court of Berlin, author
of "Elements of International Law." Its title is
"Enquiry into the validity of the British claim to a
Right of Visitation and Search of American
Vessels suspected to be engaged in the African
Slave Trade."
As throwing additional light on that question,
the reader will find in our columns to-day (copied
from a late London paper) the letter of Lord
ABERDEEN, the British Minister of Foreign Affairs,
to Mr. EVERETT, our present Minister to London,
in reply to the letter written by Mr. STEVENSON,
our late Minister, on the eve of his departure for
this country last autumn. From this letter of
Lord ABERDEEN the reader will be better able to
ascertain the extent and the limit of the British
claim, so as to form a judgment of its real merit,
than he could be from any document that we have
yet met with.

MAINE AND THE BOUNDARY QUESTION.
It is stated, on the authority of a gentleman
arrived at Boston, direct from Maine, that Govern-
or FAIRFIELD is about to call together the Legisla-
ture of that State in consequence of a letter received
from the Secretary of State, Mr. WEBSTER, an-
nouncing that Lord ASHBURTON had received the
necessary powers to negotiate for the settlement
of the Boundary question on a peaceful and ami-
cable basis.
We shall be glad to see this question settled, and
one of the points of dispute between the two coun-
tries satisfactorily arranged, as we doubt not it
will be.-N. Y. American.

CELEBRATION AT ST. MARY'S.
The celebration at the site of the ancient city of St. Mary's,
commemorative of the landing of the Pilgrim Fathers" of
Maryland in 1634, will take place on the 10th of next month,
as heretofore announced in this paper. This celebration,
which has received its impulse from the Philodemic Society of
Georgetown College, will be conducted under the auspices of
that Society, and be attended by the Faculty of that College.
Arrangements have also been made by the citizens of the Pe-
ninsula of Maryland for uniting in the celebration; and they
have, by public resolutions, invited the co-operation of the
other portions of the State. It is the wish of the Philodemnic
Society that such of the citizens of this District as can make
it convenient to attend will also unite with them in this inter-
esting celebration. The warm feelings of attachment which
have ever existed between the people of Maryland and of this
District will ensure to all the members of this community who
shall attend the celebration a cordial reception from the hos-
pitable citizens of St. Mary's county.
The fine steamer Columbia, which has been engaged for
the conveyance of the Philodemic Society, will be able to
accommodate in addition a large number of citizens. She
will leave Georgetown on Monday afternoon, the 9th of May,
at one o'clock, and the city at three o'clock, and return on
Wednesday morning; so that the trip will require the
absence of but one entire business day.
The arrangements made with the steamboat comreany for
the conveyance of the Society and the College Faculty will
preclude the reception of ladies on the excursion.

BOWDOoN COLLEGE (in Maine) has been disgraced by a
riot of the students, who, on the evening of the annual Fast
Day, smashed the College windows, d:.slodged and threw
from the belfry the College bell, and brutally assaulted Pro-
fessor GooDwiN, who, in endeavoring to identify the ringlead-
ers, received a strong solution of nits-ic acid in his face, which,
it is feared, will deprtve him of his eye-sight. The miscreant
who discharged it at him was -partially identified, however,
and will receive the punis'he.nt due to his crime. Four of
the ringleader have been arrested and committed for ex-
amination.


Carts, do 25 1 | Do carts 37i 'I
Carryalls do 25 I Do carryalls 371 The Richmond pape-.s mention the death of Col. LAwsoN
Foot passengers. pr. head 6 Hogs and Sheep 3 BtaEooT, late Treavurer of the Commonwealth, long a faith-
Cattle do 56j I
Regular marketers, a liberal deduction. ful public servant and a good man.
Wagons, two horses, pass and repass 75 cents.
Carryalls, one horse, do 37 The Duke of NORF'OLK, whose death in England is re-
Ca's, do doh 25 ported by tae last arrival from that country, was a Catholic,
Do two horses, do "3717 "
The Union will stop at dark- teIsoqs crossing after this time Premier, Duke, and Earl, hereditary Earl Marshal, and the
iltl pay the addition ., n positively no accounts kept; all first Catholic Peer who took his seat in the House of Lords
persona, by '". tonth ar otherwise, must pay in advance, after the passage of the emancipation act.
ljy order of the President: t psg fhe n ioa
GEORGE T. RAUB, Master. Mr. DIcgNs (Boz) and his wife arrived at St. Louis on the
N.B, persons belated will find good accommodations at Jack. M0th Nsta(t. He is to be complimented with a soirse.
son city, kept by Mr. Richard Lee.th instant. He is obe complimented with a soire.
aprill__-__ 3_______ AMISTAD AFRiCANs.-Bv an arrival from Sierra Leone,


G A EOatEToWN FERRY.-The subscriber has pro-
s ided himself with two Carriage and one Foot Boat, with
the necessary ferrymen, to accommodate travellers, who may
always expect to be promptly attended to. Every effort will be
made for their early and safe conveyance. I further state that
Sno credits will be given hereafter, and that all persons must come
prepared for payment with specie or undoubted bank paper. No
individual issues except John H. King's, will be received under
any circumstances.
april 22-3t BBENJAMIN FOWLER.
SW. BROWNING, Merchant Tailor, Pennsylvania
O avenue, between 3d and 4k streets, has just received from
the North a general assortment of Spring and Summer Goods,
coesistsng of every article in his line; and is desirous of having
a call from his friends and the Public generally.
N. B. The above goods will be made up at his usual moderate
prices, and In as good and fashionable style as any other establish-
ment in the city. april 22-3t
BOARDING ON PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE,
JO. between Third and Four-and-a-half streets.-
Owing to the departure of Mr. Clay from the city, the subscrib-
er has several vacant rooms, suitable for gentlemen with their
ladies.
ap 22-9t P. W. BROWNING.


letters have been received to February 19th from Messrs.
Steele, Raymond, and Wilson, the Missionaries who accom-
panied the Mendians to their native land. There were dif-
ficulties about their reaching Mendi, and Mr. Steele, under
the advice of the new British Governor, Sir George Macdo-
nald, had gone with Cinque and a few others on an exploring
tour. His return was daily expected. There were several
hundreds of Mendians at Sierra Leone, some of whom had
recognized several of the Amistad Africans. The Mendians
continued to study, but some of them had rushed into their
former licentious habits. The Missionaries, however, were
full of hope.-N. Y. Tribune.


MELANCHO0LY ACCIDENT.-We learn from Colonel Hatch
that a fatal accident occurred in Taunton on Sunday. A
party of six gentlemen went down to the river merely for a
walk. On arriving there they fond a sloop which was about
to start for Providence, and they got on board to take a sail,
intending to return by another sloop which they expected to
meet coming up. Having proceeded a short distance, they
concluded to go ashore. Five of them had got into the small
boat, and the sixth having cast off the painter, in attempting
to leap in, upset it, and Mr. George Field, merchant tailor of
Boston, and Mr. James Babbit, of Taunton, were drowned.
Mr. Thomas Prince, a cleik of Mr. Field, being unable to
swim, clung to the boat until he was rescued by another boat
from the shore,


MILITARY OPERATIONS IN FLORIDA.

Extract of a report, dated Tampa Bay, April 10,
1842, received from Colonel WORTH, command-
ing the Army in Florida.

I have the honor to submit for the informa-
tion of the Major General Commanding-in-Chief
a summary of the operations of the troops since
my last report.
"On the 19th ultimo a command was sent in
the direction of the Ocklockonnee [west of Tal-
lahassee] for the purpose of examining the ham-
mocks which border that river, and also what is
termed the Okefenokee swamps of that quarter,
being a succession of pine islands, surrounded by
narrow belts of swamps and "bogs." Signs were
discovered which gave evidence of a design to
cultivate, and also a camp of considerable size,
which, from appearances, had not been abandon-
ed moe than a week, and had been established
for the purpose of drying or jerking beef, judging
From the number of fires and implements.
"From this discovery it was determined to
make a movement in that direction. According-
ly, a force of 210 infantry and a company of dra-
goons, together with the aid of friendly Indians
acting as guides, was put ii motion, in small de-
tachments, on the 5th instant-the dragoons along
the east bank of the Ocklockonnee, from Fort
Barbour towards its mouth, to watch the crossing
places; one hundred infantry to cross the river in
.hree detachments to proceed westwardly with
slight departures north and south ; while from
Forts Chipola and Barbour detachments of thirty
men each to move by separate routes on the Ock-
ockonne, so as to sweep the entire country be.
ween it and the Apalachicola; and twenty-five
nen to ascend ihe Ocklockonne, examining the
numerous islands in the river, proceed up the To-
ogice as far as practicable, and then returning to
ts mouth, continue up the Ocklockonnee to Fort
3aden. Favorable results are anticipated from
hese movements.
During the operations on the Ocklockonne,
he whole of the disposable force under Lt. Col.
WHISTLER concentrated at Fort Fanning, tnd
hence proceeded by detachments of forty men
each to make a re-examination of the Esteen-
latchee and its connexion with Cook's hammock
-the detachments taking -different routes so as
o enter the hammock at opposite points. At the
same time the commands from Fort Pleasant and
other posts on that line were put in motion, by
detachments, with a view to co-operation. Thus
ar results are favorable, trails of parties of from
our to six persons, the largest number embodied,
have been taken up and followed, and in one in-
stance four warriors were discovered, and in an
unsuccessful attempt at surprise one of the num-
ber was killed.
"On my arrival at Fort King on the 18th ult.
Sdespatched a command from that post for the
purpose of recovering the trail of Halleck Tus-
enuggee, who had retreated with his party across
he Ocklawaha in the direction of the Withlacoo-
bhee. The trail was found crossing the Tampa
oad, about fourteenr miles south of Fort King,
and the party was marked into Long Swamp."
Subsequently, a command of two companies,
moving by small and separate detachments, was
ent from Fort King to sweep the country south-
rest from that post towards the hammocks of the
Vacassassa ; similar detachments proceeded from
he same post in the direction of Tuscawilla ham-
nock, thence sotth and west towards the Wa-
assassa, while detachments from Wacahoota and
Vacassassa, taking a more westwardly route, pro-
ceeded in the direction of Clay's landing. Seve-
al small trails, of parties not exceeding five or
ix, have been followed leading west, and infor-
nation is just received that one of the detach-
ments is closely pu rsuing a fresh trail leading in
he direction of the Suwannee. A detachment
ent to examine the fields in "Long Swamp" dis-
covered there some five acres planted in corn,
felons, &c. the growth of about three weeks.
n conjunction with these movements a detach-
ment was sent in boats up the Ocklawaha to guard
he cro.isings of that river, and prevent the retreat
of Halleck's party towards his old haunts east of
lIhe St. John's. The pass between Haw and Pel-
liciers creeks, the one emptying into the Atlantic
and the other into the St. John's, by which pass
an enemy, if any there be, east of the St. John's,
could alone escape northerly, is also occupied by
camps posted in detachments.
The several detachments named in the circu-
ar instructions of the 28th ultimo, a copy of which
ias been furnished, will be in position on the 15th
instant, when a general movement will take place,
and a thorough examination made of the Wahoo,
the Cove, and the swamps and hammocks border-
ing the Withlacoochee. Having embarked the In-
dians from this place, I shall proceed to join one
of the detachments moving in that direction.
"The troops in various directions have orders
to keep the field so long as a trail is to be found,
or there is the least prospect of discovering the
enemy ; meantime detached camps of from five
to ten and fifteen men are thrown out from every
post and station.
The ADJUTANT GENErAL of the Army,
Headquarters, Washington."
NEW ORLEANS, APRIL 4, 1842.
It is with much regret I communicate the painful intel-
ligence received to-day of the disappearance of Mr. TAYLOR,
of the firm of Taylor & Duncan, New Orleans, and of the
firm of Taylor & Ferguson, St. Louis, from the steamboat
Julia Chouteau, on the night of the 30th ult., while on his
passage to St. Louis. He had gone to bed at the usual time,
and in the morning, not having been at breakfast, some of
the passengers went to his state-room and discovered that it


was vacant. It is supposed that he had got up in the night,
and had fallen overboard by accident, as the boat did not
touch at any landing from the time he went to bed until he
was missed in the morning. There can be no doubt but
such was the case."
A WONDERFUL ESCAPE FROM STARVATION.-Matthias
Furney, generally known by the name of, Blind Matthias,"
a blind man, started on Tuesday, the 29th ultimo, to go to
one of the fishing shores to work as a fisherman, as he is in
the habit of doing every spring. After he had gone as far as
Bacon hill, four miles from town, he got off the road into the
woods, where he remained lost until the 9th instant, a period
of eleven days; much of the time being cold and rainy wea.
other. He had half a pound of cheese and a few crackers
with him, which he consumed the first day; the remaining
ten days he was entirely destitute of food. He wandered
about shouting for help, but no one heard; and when found
he was lying down and was unable to rise, such was his static
of exhaustion. He is doing well, and speedily regaining his
strength.- Cecil (Md.) Whig.
A letter dated at London on the 1st instant states that de
spatches have been received from Syria which represent tha
"the Druses, believing that the British Agent was conduct
ing himself towards them with great treachery, stormed ths
English and American missions, plundered their contents
destroyed the establishments, burnt all the books and mann
scripts, and finally ejected the reverend gentlemen from thi
the country. The particulars of this most disastrous ca
lamity and vile outrage, have not reached this country, bu
Smay be daily expected, as letters will no doubt be forwarded
by the overland India mails now due,"


THE LETTING OF MAIL CONTRACT TS.

On Friday last, agreeably to an invitation from
that prince of hotel keepers, JEssE BROWN, Esq.
the Mail Contractors then present in the city of
Washington, waiting to hear the fate of their bids
for service, met in the reading-room of the Indian
Queen, and organized by choosing A. L. MILLS,
of Missouri, Chairman, and M. A. PRICE, of Ten-
nessee, and J. G. CHILES, of Kentucky, Secreta-
ries. A committee of two from each State and
one from each Territory was appointed to waiton
the Postmaster General and invite him, his Assist-
ants, and the Chief Clerks to partake of the public
dinner to be given by Mr. BROWN on Saturday,
the 16th instant. That committee subsequently
met, and, by general consent, appointed a select
committee of the chairman and two secretaries to
perform this duty, which was duly attended to.
A committee of six was then appointed by the
Chair to wait upon the President of the United
States, and ascertain from him when a visit from
the whole body of contractors would be accepta-
ble. The committee consisted of Mr. FRINK, of
Illinois; Mr. MARSHALL, of Kentucky; Mr. AL-
LEN, of Alabama; Mr. SUBLETTE, of Tennessee;
Mr. PRICE, of Tennessee; and Mr. WISE, of
Indiana.
The PRESIDENT responded to the committee,
and appointed 12 o'clock on Monday as the hour
when he would receive them.
On Saturday at 3 P. M. the contractors, in com-
pany with tfie Postmaster General and the Assist-
ant Postmasters General, met and sat down to a
splendid dinner, without the aid of the committee
of ceremony who were appointed and never re-
ported on the occasion. The dinner went off with
great spirit, considering the vast nItumber of per.
sons present and the short time given for prepa-
ration.
Toasts were drank complimentary to the Post-
master General and the First Assistant, and also
to the Auditor of the Treasury for the Post Office
Department. Mr. WICKLtirE and Major HOB-
BIE made neat and appropriate speeches, and Mr.
WHITTLESEYr made the following reply in writing:
AUDITOR'S OFFICE, PosT OFFICE DEPARTMENT,
APRIL 16,184-2.
GENTLEMEN: Recent repeated family bereavements oblige
me to decline your invitation to dine at Mr. Brown's this
afternoon. I send a sentiment, which I should otherwise
personally have announced:
"The Contractors transporting the mails of the United
States, for intelligence, industry, perseverance, and deve-
tion to the public welfare, are not surpassed by any in the
employ of the General Government."
Most sincerely yours,
E. WHITTLESEY.
Messrs. A. L. MILLS, JOHN G. CHILES, M. A. PRICE,
Committee on behalf of the Mail Contractors.
On Monday, at the hour appointed, the Con-
tractors, headed by the Postmaster General, vis-
ited the PRESIDENT of the United States and
were presented to him in the Green room in
proper order.
The members of the Cabinet, after short ad-
dresses from the President and the Postmaster
General, were introduced, and then the Contract-
ors were shown through the White House. The
whole visit went off with great satisfaction to all
concerned, and but for some little faux pas, so
common to all great gatherings, would have been'
without a fault.

EDITORS' CORRESPONDENCE.
PHILADELPHIA, APRIL 18-P. M.
The financial condition of Pennsylvania is at this moment
an object of painful observation. The dominant party in
the Legislature have pursued a course which has involved
the State in difficulties almost insurmountable. With a debt
of forty millions, the grand nucleus of which was contracted
for internal improvements, it is a most melancholy fact that
she is not only not deriving any revenue from those improve-
ments, but they are plunging her daily deeper and deeper in
debt. Whatever has been the fault of the Whig party in the
State, this one is certainly not attributable to it. The plight
and prospects of Pennsylvania are briefly these: The Le-
gislature has recently adjourned, having made no provision
whatever for the great mass of the certain demands upon the
treasury. These demands, actual or accruing, consist of in-
terest upon State loans, debts to domestic creditors past due,
the redemption of bank notes for which the State is liable,
the current expenses for the Government, the courts, the
common schools, &c., and the deficit of income on the public
works. These several drains upon the Treasury may be es-
timated as follows, on the lit of August next:
Interest on the debt, about $1,000,000
Due domestic creditors 2,500,000
Bank (relief) notes 1,700,000
General expenses 500,000
Public works 300,000

$6,000,000
I do not pretend to give a close approximation in these
figures to the amounts which the State will owe on the first
of August. On the various accounts some may be more, some
less; but I am sure that the total cannot be far from the
mark. The obligations on the score of domestic creditors"
and "relief notes" are already fixed. The other items, on
the whole, are not exaggerated. But if the sum, instead of
six millions, as above stated, be only five millions, what a lia-
bility is this pressing upon the State without any provision at
all adequate to discharge it I
It is a melancholy fact, that there is, indeed, no adequate pro-
vision for this debt, and that there is none is wholly the fault
of the political party which rules the State. To meet these
claims, I do not say promptly, but with some indulgence, is
possible, if the right means be adopted-and the first of these
means is to dispose of the public works. Now they are an
annual burden beyond their income of six or seven hundred
thousand dollars. In the hands of individuals or companies
they could be.made profitable. But to dispose of them would
be to part with an immense deal of Government patronage-
to throw away a grand election lever-and they are retained
accordingly. There are persons who call representations
like these "croaking," and who ask to see only the bright
side of the picture. That bright side has already brought us
into trouble enough. It is now time to look at the dark but
plain truth. If we do not at once, if the popular voice does
not demand of the Legislature on the opening of its session
in June, instant measures to raise revenue and economize
expenditure, the utter disgrace of Pennsylvania will be con-
summated before the dog-days are half over.
The trial of Holmes, charged with manslaughter, in throw-
ing overboard the passengers of the William Brown, is still
in progress. This case is a deeply interesting and very pe-
culiar one-the first of the kind, I believe, which has ever
been tried in a regular fornm. The proceedings are not pub-
lished, at the request of the Court, pending the tiial, but they
will be, of course, as soon as the verdict is rendered.
The case of George Handy has come before the Court so
far as to afford the Attorney General an ample opportunity
of explaining why and wherefore the Governor has recom-
menced the present proceedings after the faith of the Govern-
ment had been solemnly pledged to him that he should not


be prosecuted. The Attorney's speech, I must say, leaves
the world wholly in the dark on this point, and only con-
firms the general surmise that the prosecution has been again
instituted, not in order to elicit, but to smother investigation
respecting the alleged briberies of honorable gentlemen.

MARRIAGE.
At West Ely, Marion county, (Mo.) on the 20th March,
by the Rev. Dr. EZRAA STIts ELY, Mr. JAMES H. PAT.
STERSON, formerly of Maryland, to Miss MARY ANN
i MILLS ELY, youngest daughter of Dr. ELY.
:DEATHS.
S On yesterday morning, after an illness of six days, Miss
NANCY HAWKINS HANSON, formerly of Prince
SGeorge's county, Maryland.
iL Her remains will be removed at ten o'clock this morn-
- ing from her late residence, on Pennsylvania avenue, to Bar-
t naby, Prince George's county, where they will be interred.
At Alexandria, after a short illness, in the 85th year of her
e age, LUCY KINCAID, relict of JOHN KtINAID.
A few days ago, at New Haven, (Connecticut,) ADDIN
. LEWIS, Esq. of that city. Mr. Lcwis was well known
Sand highly esteemed as the former Collector for the port of
e Mobile, and as Postmaster and Mayor of that city.
t At Philadelphia, on the 19th instant, Mr. THOMAS
d DURANT, late of the firm of Johnson & Durant, in the
44th year of his age,


CITY EWS.

LAUNCH or vTu REVENUE (*ERa FORWARD.-On Tues-
day afternoon this splendid llle vessel was launched from
Capt. EATsY's ship yard, in thwestern part of this city, into
the Potomac, in the presence 4 a vast number of highly gra-
tified spectators. The Forw'd is a remarkably fine built
vessel, of about 150 tone, andlraws very little water. Her
construction and workmansp are considered by nautical
men, with whom we have conersed, as very creditable to our
enterprising fellow-citizen Catain EAs8Y, who has already
built several fine vessels for ti use of the Government. The
launch into the Potomac wasonsidered by all who saw it as
one of the finest ever beheld 1 this city.

NARROw ESCAPE.-On Ttpday afternoon, as a little boy
was at play on Louisiana amue, where a stray horse was
feeding on the grass by the gtter side, he very thoughtlessly
pulled the horpe by the tail, tich caused the animal to kick
him on the face. Fortunate! the boy escaped without seri-
ous injury; he is lightly wounded in the cheek, and will
probably retain a scar on it along as he lives.
We have frequently herettore, at the request of parents,
whose children are exposed I danger from horses being per-
mitted to stray about the pu'ic streets, adverted to the dan-
gerous practice of those percns who turn their horses out
into the public streets and amnues. Surely so dangerous a
practice ought to be prohibit by a city ordinance.

WAS HINGTONCORPORATION.

BOARD OF ALDERMEN, IONDAT, APRIL 18, 1842.
Present Messrs. Goldsboiong, (President,) Barclay, Wilson,
Goddard, Maury, Adams, Byinton, Brady, Marshall, and Dave.
Mr. ADAMS presented a petien from John H. Houston, which
was read, and referred to the Cmmittee on Improvements.
Mr. MARSHALL, from the Cnmittee on the Canal, reported
without amendment the bill of he Board of Common Council to
regulate and establish the rates rent of wharves on the western
section ot the Washington CanAl" and it was then read the third
time, and passed.
A communication was received from the Mayor, nominating Mat-
thew Jarboe for superintendent of chimney sweeps for the fourth,
fifth, and six wards, in place oilenry Aukward, deceased; which
nomination was considered an, confirmed.
On motion of Mr. GODDAW the Board resumed the considera-
tion of the bill repeating cesin acts relating to the weight and
quality of bread, and for other purposes; and it was then, on mo-
tion, ordered to lie on the tabse.
Mr. MAURYv, from the Ccnmittee of Conference appointed on
the disagreeing votes of the so Boards on the bill authorizing the
repairing of the pavement o the north side of Pennsylvania ave-
onue, between third and found a half streets, reported that they
had agreed to recommend o this Board to agree to the amend-
ment of the Board of Comron Council to the said bill ; and the
question being taken there, it was decided in the negative.
So the report was disagred to.
The smedments of the lbard of Common Council to the bill in
relation to the Washington?ox Hunt, were taken into considera-
tion and agreed to in part, od in part disagreed to. On the amend-
ment to strike out twentylollars and insert forty dollars, as the
amount of the tax, the yas and nays were required, and were
as follows:
YKAs-Mesars. AdameByington, and Brady-3.
NAYs-Messrs. Goldsbrough, Barclay, Wilson, Goddard,
M.,ury, Marshall, and Doe-7.
Mr. BYIseTON moved ) reconsider the vote on the report of
the Committee of Conferace on the bill authorizing the repairing
of the pavement on the north side of Pennsylvania avenue, be-
tween Third and Four an, a halfstreets ; and the question being
taken, it was decided in te affirmative. And the bill was then,
on motion, ordered to lien the table.
And then the Board adiurned.
BOARD or COMMON (OUNCIL, MONDAY, APRIL 18, 184-2.
Mr. HARKNEsS, from tb Committee on Improvements, to whom
was referred the joint resolution in relation to the planting oftrees,
reported the same withouamendment, and it was subsequently,
on motion of Mr. JOHNeO, indefinitely postponed.
And from the same camittee, to whom was referred, on the
21st ultimo, a resolution o the subject, reported a bill entitled An
act to provide for the exinguisliment of fires; which was read
twice, and laid on the tate.
Mr. PFULMER, from the committee of Claims, to whom the peti-
tion was referred, report a bill entitled An act for the relief of
Thomas Lewis; which we read twice.
Mr. JorNbSO, from tle committee to whom was referred the
Mayor's communication of the llth instant, enclosing a report
from the Commissioner i the thiird ward respecting the removal
of certain surplus sand .nd paving-stone, made a written report
thereon, concluding with request to be discharged from the fur-
ther consideration of thesubject.
Mr. BACON, on leave, introduced a bill entitled An act amen-
datory of the act entftlec an act extending the laws of the corpo-
ration for the presernatim of the public peace and order to all the
public buildings andgronds belonging to the United States in the
city of Washington,app-oved October 6, 1842 ; which was read
twice, and referred to the Committee on Police.
The Board, on motion, resumed the consideration of the bill to
provide for the eitinguishmeat of fires. Mr. EAsBV moved to
amend the bill by striking out the second and third sections, which
imposes a tax for Tie purpose on the adjacent property benefited
by the proposed reservoirs; which motion was negatived by the
following vote:
YZAS-Messrs, Easby, Wilson, Ferguson-3.
NAVs-Messrs Johnson, Haliday, Radcliff, Harkness, Bacon,
Bryan, Bassett, Beck, French Van Reswick, Miller, Pulmer,
Crandell, Clark,and Hanly-15.
The bill was uen read the third time and passed.
The Board, on motion, took up for consideration the report of
the Select Comnittee made to-day on the subject of the removal
of sand and pavig stone in the third ward ; and, after considera-
ble debate, Mr. IACON moved the previous question, which being
sustained by thoBoard, the question was put on discharging the
Select Committe, and it wasagreed to.
Mr. HALIDAYsubmitted the lollawing resolution, which was
read and adopter:
Resolved, Tht a Select Committee of three members be ap-
pointed to examoe the annexed copy ofa bill reported in the House
of Representatives, entitled A bill to incorporate the Washington
Gaslight Compmy ; and that said committee report at the next
meeting of the Board how far, in their opinion, the interests of
the city may beaffected by the passage of said bill.
And then theBoard adjourned.

CITY ORDINANCE.
AN ACT to regulate and establish the annual rates of rent of
wharves on the western division of the Washington City Canal,
and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Board of Aldermen and Board of Com-
mon Council of the city of Washington, That from and after
the first day of Nay, eighteen hundred and forty-two, the annual
rates of rent of the various sections of the Washington Canal
(western division) shall be, and are hereby, established as fol-
lows, viz:
The wharf adijining and on the ea't side of Seventeenth street
west, forty cents per front foot.
Any portion of the intervening space to the wharf adjoining,
and on the west side of Fifteenth street west, not less than a sec-
tion, twenty five cents per frost foot.
Sections two, tlree, four, and five, eighty cents per front foot.
Sections number six and seven, one dollar per front foot.
Sections number eight, nine, ten, and eleven, fifty cents per
front foot.
Sections number twelve, thirteen, fourteen, and fifteen, forty
cents per front foot.
Sections number sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, and nineteen,
eighty cents per front foot.
Sections number twenty, twenty-one, twenty-two, and twenty-
three, seventy five cents per front foot.
Sections number twenty-four, twenty-five, and twenty-six, Ifty
cents per front foot.
Sectionas number twenty-seven, twenty-eight, twenty-nine, and
thirty, eighty cents per front foot.
Sections number thirty-one, thirty-two, and thirty-three, fifty
cents per front foot.
Sections number thirty-four, thirty-five, thirty-six, and thirty-
saven, seventy-five cents per front foot.
Sections number thirty-eight, thirty-nine, and forty, one dollar
per front foot.
Sections number forty-one, forty-two, forty-three, forty-four,
and forty-five, seventy-five cents per front foot.
Sections number forty-seven, forty-eight, and forty-nine, one
dollar per front foot.
Sections number fifty, fifty-one, ifty-two, fifty-three, fifty-four,
and fifty-five, fifty cents per front foot.
Any portion of the south side of the canal, on the east side of
Seventh street west, not less than a section, forty cents per front
foot.
Section 2. And be it enacted, That from and after the first day
of May next, the annual rent of that portion of the lot on Centre-
market space, contained between Seventh and Eighth streets
west and north, of Canal street, shall not be less than five hundred
dollars per annum; and that portion of the lot on said Centre-
market space, between Eighth and Ninth streets west, and north
ol Canal street, shall not be less than two hundred and fifty dol-
lars per annum.
Section 3. And be it enacted, That the Commissioner of the
Canal shall, after giving at least ten days' notice in the public
newsoaner, receive (until the first day of May, and annually there-


after, unless leased) proposals in writing for the above-named
sections, wharves, or sites, the proposals to be opened in the pre-
sence of the Mayor: Provided, That no proposal be enter-
tained below the minimum price fixed by the first and second
sections of this act: And provided further, That the per.
son or persons making the highest proposal shall have the privi-
lege of a lease of such wharf, section, or site for a period of three
years, on giving bond and security to this Corporation for the
faithful performance of the lease, the rent in all cases to be paid
quarterly in advance; and no license shall hereafter be issued by
the Register to occupants of any of the aforementioned sections
wharves, or sites, except upon the certificate of the Canal Com-
missioner that the applicant is a renter of one or more thereof.
Section 4. And be it enacted, That from and after the saic
first day of May next, it shall be the special duty of the sev
eral lumber, wood, and coal measures, along the line of sait
canal, to attend to and collect all wharfage that may accrue on suet
sections or wharves as may not be rented, under the superintend
dence of the Canal Commissioner, to whom they shall account
monthly, utinder oath, for all moneys coming into their hands ot
account of wharfage as aforesaid, and to return to the Register
quarterly, a statement showing the amount in detail so collected
and accounted for, upon all which they shall be allowed a reduce.
tion of ten per cent. commission.
Section s. And be it enacted, That all persons piling wood
upon said sections, wharves, or any other part of the canal, shal
leave a space at least two and a half feet in the clear from the
edge of the canal, and all persons leaving sand more than twenty
four hours on said sections or wharves, shall leave a space at leas
six feet in the clear from the edge of the canal ; any person o
persons violating any of the provisions of this section to forfel
and pay not less than two nor more than five dollars for each an,
every offence.
Section 6. And be it enactd, That so much of the third secti,0


of the act entitled "An act for the collection of revenue from the
Washington Canal,"' as makes ii panrt of the duty of the Canat
Commissioner to collect tolls and wharfage on the said canal, sap-
proved January thirtieth, eighteen hundred and thirty-six, and so
much of the sixth section of the act aforesaid as relates to the
renting of wharves or cites on the Washington Canal, be, and the
same are hereby, repealed, to take ef'ect on the said first day of
May next.
EDM. HANLY,
President of the Boardof Common Council.
CH. W. GOLDSBOROUGH,
Presidentof the Board of Aldermen.
Approved, April 20, 1842.
W. W. SEATON, Mayor.

f At a meeting of the Wayne Infantry, the following
gentlemen were elected officers:
JOHN Y. BRYANT, Captain.
W. H. DEITS, lot Lieutenant.
PETER CALLAN, 2d Lieutenant.
P. A. DUNN, 3 A Lieutenant.
april 22 J. P. HENDLEY, Secretary.
ar A meeting of the Total Abstinence Society of the
several Civil Executive Departments of the National Government
will be held at the Masonic Hall on to-moriow (Saturday) even-
ing, 23d instant, at half past 7 o'clock. The Public are respect-
fully Invited to attend. GEO. C. WHITING,
ap 22-F&S Corresponding Secretary.
NATIONAL THEATRE-WASHINGTON.
ON FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 22, 1842,
Will be performed Shakspeare's excellent Comedy of
THE MERCHANT OF VENICE.
Shylock, Mr. S. BUTLER.
During the evening Miss REYNOLDS will sing several
favorite songs.
To conclude with the laughable farce of
A ROLAND FOR AN OLIVER.
Boxes and Parquette $1 ; second tier 60 cents. Children un-
der 10 years of age half prise to the Boxes.
Doors open at half past 6, and the performance to commence
at half past 7 o'clock precisely.
DAGUERBE'S MAGICAL PICTUtdES,
From Paris, representing the wonderful effects of day and night,
AT CARUSI'S ASSEMBLY ROOM.
ON FRIDAY, APRIL 22,1842,
Last Night but one of this Magnificent Exhibition.
A NEW HISTORICAL PAINTING,
Fr-st Picture
The Remains of NAPOLEON, in the Church des Invalides,
Paris, on the 15th December, 1840.
Second Picture.
The charming
VALLEY OF GOLDAU. (IN SWITZERLAND.)
Third Picture.
The admired and unrivalled interior of the
CHURCH ST. ETIENNE DU MONT, (AT PARIS,)
Representing a Midnight Mass.
Fourth Picture.
The magnificent view of the
CITY OF VENICE ON A FESTIVAL NIGHT.
Open every evening. Exhibition to commence at a quarter be-
fore 8 o'clock.
jT Admission 50 cents, ap 22-d6tif
MILITARY AND CIVIC BALL.
T HE MECHANICAL RIFLEMEN, at the solicid-
tation of a large number of their friends, will give their
second Military and Civic Ball on Monday evening, the 2Wth of
April, at the Washington Assembly Rooms. They respectfully
request the attendance of their Fellow-Volunteers and the citi-
zens generally, as they pledge themselves to use their utmost ex-
ertions to render their Ball worthy of the character which they
have heretofore obtained in their undertakings.
MANAGERS.
Capt. T. J. Williams Lieut. J. McClellsnd, Jr.
Surgeon T. G. Clinton Lieut. P. H. Brooks
Sergeant Kennedy Quart. Mr. D. L. Lazenby
Sergeant Doyle Sergeant Mazeen
Sergeant Rodier John T. Rowe
Ensign J. W. Gaither Oliver P. Donn
Thomas Rich Charles L. Boarman
James M. Towers Jacob Wachter
James English John Hall
H. A. Klopfer George K. Boyd
J. H. Sesaford Thomas Gait
Thomas Caton George Lambr'ght
J. P. Wollard Henry Lyles
Gustavus Hill E. J. Klopfer
J. T. C.Clark P. Heffernan
George H. Purtney James L. Griffin
P. Aug. Klopfer J. M. Knott
John Connelly Henry Bowen
Tickets $2. Tobe had at J. P. MeKean's, Garret Anderson's,
and Clephane's Fancy Stores; Patterson' s, Stott's, lardella's,
Watkins's, and Farquhar & Morgan's Drug Stores, Washington ;
Sothoron's, in Georgetown ; Barry's, Navy Yard; and of either
of the Managers.
A sufficient number of servants having been provided, none
others will be admitted ap 2-St
L OST, on Sunday last, 17th instant, a small morocco WAL-
LET or Pocket book, containing about $140 in Treasury
and bank notes. The finder will receive the thanks of the owner
and a suitable reward on handing the money to Mr. FOLLANasIX,
Doorkeeper of the House of Representatives, or to Mr. GAssaT
ANDoEsoN, Stationer, Pennsylvania avenue, between 1lth aol
12th streets. april 22-dlw
( ENTLEMEN'S GOODS.-We would invite the at-
S tention of gentlemen particularly to our stock of spring
and summer goods, as they will find our assortment to embrace
the fullest variety, end goods that are not usually found elsewhere
than at the merchant tailors-
Extra and superfine Drop d'Ete and French Bombasins
Summer Cloths, Cashmerets, and Stockinet Gambroons
American Nankeens, white and brown Linens and Drills
Fine and medium Irish Linens by the piece
Satin and Bombasin Stocks, plain and trimmed, a great variety
Best English Silk, Thread, and Cotton Gloves, elastic tops
Best Gumelastic Braces
Fine Paris Kid Gloves, light colors
Silk and Cotton Half Hose, ribbed and plain, very cheap
Silk and Linen Cambric Handkerchiefs, large size
H. C. SPALDING & CO.
ap 16-3teoif 2,1 store west of 8th street.
ANDSOME CHAMBER FURNITURE,&c.at
Private Sale.-The follwing very handsome article of
Chamber Furniture, &o. can be had by application to the unler-
signed, at private sale, via.
1 double blackir walnut Wardrobe, shelves and drawers in cen-
tre, with divisions for banging clothes
Black walnut Toilet Table
French Bedstead and Workstand, with desk
6 black walnut cane-seat Chairs, (2 arms, 2 sitting, 1 sewing',
and 1 small rocking chair)
1 black walnut Washstand, with marble top
1 black walnut Crib, with or without rockers
With Mattress, Feather Bed and Pillowa, Hobty Horse, and
very handsome gold-mounted Saddle-cloth, suitable for a military
officer. R. W. DYER & CO.
april 22-3tif Auctioneers and Comm. Merchant,'.
DISSOLUTION OF COPARTNERSHIP.-The
copartnership heretofore trading under the name and style
of WALL & SABecza is this day by mutual consent dissolved.
All persons indebted to the late firm will confer a great favor by
making immediate payment to Mr. Win. B. Sasseer, who is fully
authorized to settle up thit books of the old concern.
WILLIAM B. SASSCER,
SAMUEL T. WALL.

Cl OPARTNERSHIP.-The undersigned, having bought
.. out the entire interest of SAMUaL T. WAL. in the late firm
of Wall & Sasacer, will continue to carry on the business at the
old stand, corner of 7th street and Pennsylvania avenue, where will
be kept constantly on hand sa extensive and general assortment
of very cheap and fashionable Dry Goods. The old customers and.
the Public generally are respectfully invited to give us a call.
WM. B. SASSCBR,,
april 22-4t 4WM. L. DIXON.
C. COOPER'S NEW NOVEL.-The Two Admlrals,
by the author of the Pilot, Red Rover, Waterwitoh, &o.
This day published, and for sale at
april 22 MORRISON'S Bookstore.
R 1IGHT OF SEARCH.-An Inquiry into the validityof
the British claim to a right of visitation and search of Ame-
'rican vessels suspected to be engaged in the African slave trade ;
by Henry Wheaton, L.L. D. Just published, and for sale at
april 22 MORRISON'S Bookstore.
f rLUE BOOK, OR V. 8. OFFICIAL REGIS-
.U.DTER, for 1842, Just published at
ap 22 MORRISON'S.
N EW BOOK8.-Hill's Divinity, Starling's Poetical
Works, and many others too numerous to mention, for
sale at
ap 22 MORRISON'S Bookstore.
UMMERS'S PRACTICAL GEOLOGY and Miner-
bC alogy, with instructions for the qualitative analysis of mine-
rals, 8vo. with plates. Just from the press, and for sale at
e ap 22 MORRISON'S Booketoore.
c r'THE RIGHT OF SEARCH, by Henry Wheaton, U.
* M. S. Minister to Prussia, in 1 vol. octave, being an inquiry


Into the validity of the British claims on the subject. This day
Received for sale by P. TAYLOR. Also, Cooper's new novel,
,' The Two Admirals," in 2 vols. ap 22
"JfORSES I HORSES I HORSES I-Just arrived from,
i- .. the North, a lot of very fine Horses; among which are
e two pairi of bays-one~pair well matched, bob tails, sixteen hands
e high, fast travellers; the other pair long tails, good travellers, and
d close match, five years old; two single harness horses, very fast
y trotters ; besides several good saddle horses; which the owners
, will sell according to the times. They will remain but a few days.
i- They can bo seen at the National Stables of
april 22-3t WALKER & KIMMELL.
dd DUGGY FOR SALE.-For sale, for much less than
. M cost, a handsome and excellent Buggy and Harness, In-
Squire of DENNIS PUMPHREY,
april 22-3t On 6th street, near Penn. avenue.
nt I CHOOL BOOKSa large assortment, for Sale at FARN-
n S HAM'S, corner of lLth street and Pen. avenue.
,r,
d Sale This Dat.

HOUSES AND LOTS FOR SALE NEAR THE
iJna. NAVY YARD.-On Tuesday evening next, the 19th
i instant, at half past 8 o'clock, we will sell on the premises, part
aof lota 4 & 6, in square 799, between 3d and 4th streets east, and
F" K & L streets, with the improvements thereon, consisting of a
Good frame House, &o. &e. Terms cash.
oit -The sale of the above property Is postponed
d till Friday evening next, when it will rusilively take place, (if
ti.i er,) a o'clock. R. W. DYeR & CO.,
on asp 20- Auctioneers.


R BMUVAL.-The subscriber has removed to the office
recently occupied by C. S. Fowler & Co., a few doors west
of Brown's Hotel.
SWp 23-3t CHAS, J, NOURSE.