WASHINGTON: MONDAY, MARCH 7, 1842.
PUBLISHED BY GALES & SEATON.
DAILY PAPIE-$10 a year--1 a month for any shortertime.
COCNTeR PAPea-86 a year-S4 for six months.
PAYABLJ IN ADVANCE.
GREAT SOUTHERN UNITED STATES MAIL LINE.
Daily to the South.
T HE CARS or Fredericlsburg, Richmond, Petersburg,
Raleigh, Weldon, Wilmington, and Charleston leave the
Depot, Pratt street Baltimore, daily at 4 o'cleck in the afternoon.
Passengers by this line sup at the latels in Washington, where
an omnibus will call and convey them to the boat free of charge,
where they will lodge.
Passengers for the South will find this the most comfortable
and cheapest route. It is often twenty-four hours in advance of
any other line, and is the only daily line.
For further information and tickets to Welden, apply at the
office of STOCKTON &IALLS,
Adjoining the Philadelphia Railroad Office,
Pratt street, Baltimore.
For information at Washington apply to the Captain on board
the boat at Bradley's wharf. Jan 3t-dly
FOR NORFOLK, CITY POINT, & RICHMOND.
at The good and fast-sailing schooner PANNSYL-
d VANtA, C. Gr.ie n, Mainter. tia'ing prt-,f herfreight
engaged, will ssil wI, aIll ..-'Pasle dispatch for the
above places. F-,r farilitr I'reigh, apply to Joie .i
SMOOT Water street, Georgetown, or to the Master,
on board, at J. Smoot's wharf. mar 4-3t
F ASHIONABLE FANCY DRESS-yMAKING.-
The Misses STINGER beg teave to announce to their
friends and the Public that they are fully prepared to execute all
orders in their line at the shortest notice, carefully packed and
sent to any part of the Union.
Being regularly in the receipt of the latest Parisian and Lon-
don Fashions, those who may think proper to forward their or-
ders may depend upon having them made up in the latest and
most fashionable style, with a degree of neatness net excelled in
this city, and on reasonable terms.
S. & C. STINGER,
Over Hogan & Thompson's Foreign and American Stationery
Store, No. 108, Chestnut street, Philadelphia.
I'y Refer to Messrs. Hogan & Thompson, No. 30, North 4th
street, and No. 108, Chestnut street, Philadelphia.
mar 2-eolm *
N OTICE.-HIPPOLIT FROM, Dyer, from Poland, in-
.1 forms his friends and the public in general, that be has re-
turned to his old stand with Henry Wilson, between 3d and 4J
streets, Pennsylvania avenue, where they intend dying, according
to Powell's London patent process for dying and dressing cloth,
&c., every description of silks, merinoes, mousselineade lines,
and cotton dresses, shawls, &c. any color that may be wished.
Gentlemen's coats, pantaloons, and vests cleaned and dyed in
the best manner, also straw bonnets dyed and pressed. Having
had much experience in the business, they feel satisfied they will
be able to please all who may favor them with their custom.
The proprietors feel confident of convincing any one who will
examine, beyond a doubt, by specimens of their work and by un-
doubted testimonials, that they are enabled to dress and cleanse
coats, &c. in a very superior manner.
N. B -We will do our work in the neatest manner, and at the
shortest notice, and at the most reduced prices.
feb 28-eoim WILSON & PROMM.
B REISS, Professor of Vocal and Instrumental
Music, respectfully announces to the inhabitants of
WashingFton, that he is prepared to give lessons on the Piano and
Guitar. Orders left at his Music and Fancy Store will be prompt-
ly attended to. feb 22-eolw
LETTERS OF HORACE WALPOLE, just pub-
lished, in four volumes, containing numerous letters, now
first published from the originals. Also, Family Records, or the
Two Sisters, by Lady Charlotte Bury. Barnaby Rudge No. 17.
Museum of Foreign Literature for November, this day received
for sale by FP. TAYLOR.
VALUABLE IMPROVED PROPERT'Y.-Por
V sale, the following truly valuable property in square No. 255:
Lot No. I and part of No. 2, the improvements being two two-
story brick dwelling houses, with back buildings ; and two conve-
nient frame houses, nearly new, and in good order. Also, a va-
cant lo, No. 14, fronting about 36 feet on 131 street, and 72 feet
6 inches deep. One dwelling fronts on 131 street, the other on
This is a good opportunity of making a safe and profitable in-
- vestment. The situation is healthy, near the public offices, afid
immediately south of'Pennsylvania avenue. The houses have
not been vacant one week since they ware built, and we have no
doubt they will bring a much higher reutbana they do now. They
will be sold together or separate.
For further particulars inquire of
feb 25-eo6t R. W. DYEB & CO.
SAND FOR SALE.-The subscriber offers at private
L sale a largo tract of Land lying in Prince George's county,
Maryland, about ten miles from Washington and eight miles
from Alexandria. The roads from Washington to. NottiaR-
ham, from Alexandria to Upper Marlborough and Nottingham,
from Upper Marlborough to Piscataway, and many others, pass
through this tract, which has been recentlysurveyed and divided
into small farms of two hundred and three hundred acres each.
A portion of this tract consists of very valuable timber and wood
land, not more than five or sia miles from Upper Marlborough,
adjoining the estates ofR. D, Sewall and Richard West, Esquires.
This land will be sold very low, and on credit of from one to ten
yqyrs, upon the purchaser giving satisfactory security.
Any application, made in person or by letter, to the subscriber,
near Bladensburg, or to. John Calvert, Esq., residing at Mount
Airy, within two miles of the land, will be promptly attended to;
and the land will be shown to any one disposed to purchase, by
John Calvert, Esq.
june 16-2awtf CHARLES B. CALVERT.
RUSTEE'S SALE.-On Wednesday, the 23d day of
March next, between the hours of 4 and 6 P. M., on the
premises, I will offer for sale at public auction, to the highest bid-
der therefore, that beautiful Square numbered 326, in the city of
The terms of sale will be, one-third cash, and the balance in
equal instalments, with interest at two and four months, the pur-
chaser to give his notes for such deferred payments, secured by a
deed of trust to me upon the same property, with power to sell
for cash or on credit on his failing to pay either of said notes, and
interest, and upon his executing and delivering such notes and
deed of trust, I will simultaneously execute and deliver to him a
deed in fee for the property.
feb 21-3tawts&ds JOS. H. BRADLEY, Trustee.
HUARLES O'MALLEY COMPLETE.-Cheap
edition, Just published and for sale at MORRISON'S Book-
store dee 29
MERICAN AND FRENCH RESTAURANT.
A young Lad wanted as waiter, and a young Man for shuck-
ing oysters ; unless they be. sober and with good recommenda-
tions they need not apply.
mar A-3t JOSEPH BOULANGER.
OUSE WANTED.-I wish to rent, for a gentleman, a
good two or three-story brick house, located between the
Treasury Department and 3d-street, north of Pennsylvania ave-
nue, with good dry basement or hack buildings. For such an one,
a good tenant may be had upon application to me at Robert W.
Dyer & Co's.
mar 4-3tif E. DYER.
OTICE.-.By virtue of a writ ol fieri facias, issued by Jno.
NL D. Clarke and to me directed, I have seized and taken a
small frame tenement, situated in the city of Washington, on E
street, between 12th and 13th streets, on parts of lots No. 2 and
3, in square 290, subjectt to a ground rent,) as the property of
Sandy Shaw, to satisfy a judgment in favor of Francis Seldon, and
will be sold on Tuesday next, the 8th inst. at t0 o'clock in the
forenoon, on the premises, for cash, to the highest bidder.
mar 4-3t THOS. C. WILSON, Constable.
W OOD WOOD I WOOD I-Hickory at 85 50, Oak
W V 50, line 84 80. At the yard of the subscrbier on 7th
street, near Gales & Seaton's Intelligencer office, for cash only.
mar 4-eo3t H. THORN.
F BENCH BOOTS.-A fresh supply of this excellent and
beautiful article this day received, the only eons in the
On hand, Fishermen's Boots and Brogans, of very superior
quality, and warranted not to rip ; together with a large and gene-
ral assortment of almost every article in their line.
mar 4-S3t A. COYLE & SON.
USIC BOOKS.-Parlor Melodies. A beautiful quarto
of t12 pages, comprising Music, original and selected, for
the piano forte, with original Songs, social, moral, and religious.
By Mi-. M. B. Lloyd and Miss M. E. Bailey. Just published by
Harper & Brothers, and highly commended by the New York
Press. Also, Southern Harp and Northern Harp, by Mrs. M.
S. B. Dana.
Johnston's Agricultural Chemistry. Lectures on Agricultural
Chemistry and Geology, by James F. W. Johnston, M. A., P.R.,
SS. L. & E. fellow of the Geological Society, etc. etc. reader of
Chemistry and Mineralogy in the Uiiversity of Durham.
Chapters on Church-yards. By Caroline Southey, authoress
of Solitary Hours," &c. &c. &c.
War and Peace. The evils of the first, and a plan for preserv-
ing the last. By William Jay.
Just published and for sale at MORRISON'S Bookstore.
L'OR SALE, part of Lot 2, in Square 254, being the west
M part of said lot, fronting 30 feet on E Street, running back
100 feet to a 30 feet alley. The lot is leased to Mr. A. Nailer,
who now keeps a grocery store thereon, for ninety-nine years,
and renewable for ever, at thirty-six dollars a year, clear of all
taxes or other liabilities. The lot will be sold at a price that will
yield the purchaser seven per cent. on his money certain. For
farther information, apply to the undersigned, Seventh street,
mar 4-3t JOHN H. GODDARD.
SANDY ANJDY.-Jult published, No. 1 of this popular
Irish Story, which first appeared in Bentley's Miscellany,
and now to be continued by the author (Samuel Lover) in pam-
phlet form. For sale at W. M. MORRISON'S,
feb 9 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
APITOL HILL SelectClassical and Mathema-
tical School.-There are a few vacancies in this insti-
tution, which can be filled by early application. For terms and
an explanation of the system pursued, reference is made to the
annual catalogue, which has just been published, and may be
seen at the bookstores ia the city, at the office of the National
Intelligence, and at the school room.
CHARLES H. CRAGIN.
Also for sale a number of Long Desks suitable for schools,
Teachers who are wishing such are invited to colli -
WASHINGTON FEMALE ACADEMY.-The
present teachers oi Capitol Hill Female Seminary, Mr.
and Mrs. TRUE, will, on the first Monday in March, open a Fe-
male Academy in th4 Masonic Hall, opposite the City Hall. The
room is on the second floor, is spacious, airy, delightfully situated,
and will be tastefully furnished. In this school all studies may
be pursued that are taught in dur colleges and seminaries, North-
ern and Southern.
After the experience of many years in the care and instruction
of ladies, in some oftha best and foremost of our institutions, the
meeost satisfactory improvement may be relied on by parent and
popil. No effort will be spared by Mr. and Mrs. T. that would
contribute to the moral and intellectual good of the pupil.
Tuition in the general English branches $6 per quarter.
Tuition in the higher English branches, with com-
mencement in French or other language $8 do
Highest English, with advance standing in French
or other languages 10 do
Pupils taught to translate, speak, and write the modern lan-
guages, for which there will be no extra charge, though taught
in the best manner. No extras for any thing save 50 cents each
for fuel. Books, &c. at wholesale prices. A good apparatus will
be supplied, by which familiar lectures will be given gratis to pu-
pils in all itb.a.t-ol rtIncl- feb 28-dlw
gr CROSS WRITING FLUID.-W. FISCHER,
Importer and Dealer in Fancy and Staple Stationery,
has just received by the ship Wellington, direct from the cele-
brated manufacturer, Henry Stephens, of London, theaabove
quantity of his un' quailed Writing Fluid ; comprising Dark and
Light, unchangeable Blue and Red. Also, his Black Writing
Fluid, put up in neat 4, 8, 16, and 32 ounce stone jugs. All of
which he will sell to the trade at as low a price as they can pur-
chase them for in New York or elsewhere in the United States.
EASE'S CLARIFIED ESSENCE OF HOAR-
HOUND CANDY, compounded of 25 of the mostsafe
and salutary ingredients. The great reputation of Pease's inim-
itable Candy, for the speedy relief and cure of coughs, colds,
hoarseness, sore throat, croup, hooping cough, and difficulty of
breathing, has increased the sales far beyond that of any other
remedy heretofore offered.
The undersigned, General Agent of Messrs. Pease & Son, has
just received by the schooner President, a large supply of their
Candy, which he sells to agents and venders on the same terms
as the proprietors. Venders enclosing $8 or upwarlds (free of
postage) will have the Candy sent according to directions, and
always rely on its being fresh and genuine.
mar 2 W. FISCHER.
EBSTER'S DICTIONARY, large, in 2 vols. is for
sale at MORRISON'S for the publisher, feb 14
RITISH NAUTICAL ALMANAC FOR 1845,
imported by P. TAYLOR, this day received. Published
in London on the 1st of last month.
O HrAND, the French and British Nautical Almanac for 1843
and 1844. feb 9
IFFICIAL REGISTER, published by order of Con-
gress, of all officers and agents in the service of the United
States, civil, military, and naval.
Just published and for sale at MORRISON'S Bookstore, four
doors west of Brown's. feb 14
C ARLYLE'S Heroes, Hero Worship, and the Heroic in
History, in six Lectures, by Thomas Carlyle, second Ame-
rican edition, I vol. Von Schleget's Lectures on the Philosophy
of History, translated from the German, 2 vols. Natural History
ofSsciety, by W. Cooke Taylr, 2 vols. Guizot's History ofCiv-
ilization, from the Fall of the Riman Empire to the French Re-
volution, translated from the French of Gunizot, Peer of France,
I vol. Professor Smyth's Lecture on Modern History, edited by
Jared Sparks, 2 v.s. Horace Walpole's Letters, 4 vols. new
edition. Parables, translated from the German of Krummacher,
I vol. Just received, and for sale by F. TAYLOR,
feb 4 Immediately east of Gadsby's.
REMONA VIOLIN.-W FISCHER has just received
for sale an old Cremona Violin, warranted genuine, and
made by the celebrated Stradearius; price only S100. The
owner's 'continued sickness prevents him from using it; other-
wise it could not be purchased for $500. feb 2
RENCH FANCY ARTICLES.-W. FISCHER has
just received from the importer, on consignment, two cases
of beaut l Fancy Articles, which he will sell at the invoice
prices. atadies and gentlemen are invited to an examination of
them at Stationers' Hall. aab 2
UMR AND SMOLLET'r HISTORY OF
ENGLAND, CHEAP, a beautiful London edition,
complete for $8 dollars, with portraits of both authors, and a earn
prehensive and valuable index. Imported, a few copies only, by
jan 31 P. TAYLOR.
Circuit Court of the Dlstrlctof Columbia for the coun-
ty of Washington.
IN CHANCERY, NOVEMBER TERM, 1841.
William H. Booth,
John K. West, Louisa Livingston, executrix of Edward Livings-
ton, deceased, Henry D. Gilpin, and Hon. Thomas Ewing, Sec
retry of the Treasury of the United States.
T HE bill of complaint in this cause in substance sets forth
That in the year 1821 the complainant recovered in Jefferson
Circuit Court of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, by the judg-
ment of the said Court, a judgment against the defendant John K.
West for the sum of $5,000, with interest at the rate of 6 per cent.
per annum, from the 19th day of March, 1819, besides costs of
suit; that the said judgment remains in full force and virtue, and
wholly unsatisfied; that execution was duly issued upon said judg-
ment, but that the said West had not, nor now has, any property
or effects which could or can be reached by said process of exe-
cution,; and that therefore nothing has been made thereby; and
that the complainant has exhausted all the means which the law
affords him of obtaining payment of the debt and satisfaction of
the said judgment, and is and must be remediless except in
The bill proceeds to state that the defendant West had, and
has, certain claims upon the Republic of Mexico, provided for in
the Convention of 1840, between that Republic and the United
States; that the said claims were prosecuted by and in the name
of Louisa Livingston, executrix of the late Edward Livingston,
who had been employed in his life time by the said West to pro-
secute the same ; that the said Board has awarded to the said
Louisa, executrix as aforesaid, and in trust for the said West, the
sum of $43,652, to be paid by the said Republic of Mexico to her
in trust as aforesaid; that, in pursuance of i he act of Congress, the
Secretary of the Treasury has granted and issued, or is about
granting and issuing, certificates on the said award for the amount
thereof, which certificates may be transferred; and that the
moneys receivable therefore may be removed beyond the process
of this Court, and so the complainant may be prevented from hav-
ing recourse thereto to satisfy the said debt so due tohimn as afore-
said ; that Henry D. Gilpin, Esq. is the agent or attorney of the
said Louisa Livingston, and has received, or will receive, the
said certificates, and carry them beyond the jurisdiction of this
Court, unless prevented by the interference of the Court. The
bill then prays that the said Secretary of the Treasury may be de-
creed to withhold the issuing or granting of the said certificates,
and that the said H. D. Gilpin may also be adjudged and ordered,
if he shall have received the said certificates, or any part thereof,
or shall hereafter receive the same, to hold and retain the same
subject to the payment of the said debt to the complainant; and
that the said award and certificates, or so much thereof as may be
necessary for the purpose, be made by this Court applicable to
the payment of the said debt, and that general relief may be grant-
ed, and so forth.
And forasmuch as it is 'alleged in the said bill that the said
John K. West and the said Louisa Livingston are not, nor is either
of them, within the jurisdiction of this Court, but reside at New
Orleans, in Louisiana, it is now, on this twenty-second day of No-
vember, in the year of our Lord 1841, by the Court, ordered that
the complainant make publication of the substance of said bill in
the National Intelligencer, published in the city of Washington,
once a week for the space of four months prior to the first Monday
in April next, thereby notifying tha said John K. West and the
said Louisa Liviugston to be and appear before the Court here in
their proper persons, or by solicitor, on or before the said first Mon-
day in April next, to answer to the several matters and things in
the said bill set forth ; and that, such publication being duly made,
in default ofsuch appearance and answer, the said bill and the
several matters thereof be taken as confessed against the said
John K. West and the said Louisa Livingston.
By order of the Court.
Test: W. BRENT, Clerk.
Coxn & CARLISLE, Solicitors and of counsel for complainant.
URTIS ON THE PRESERVATION OF
SIGHT, and on the choice, use, and abuse of Spectacles,
Reading Glasses, &c. re-printed from the third London edition.
Price ?5 cents. Just received by
,lec 31 P. TAYLOR.
UST PUBLISHED and forsale by W. M. MORRISON
four doors west of Brown's Hotel, Observations on the Poli-
tical character and services of President Tyler and his Cabinet,
by a native of Maryland. sep 17
P HILOSOPHiY.-Just published and this day received for
S sale by P. TAYLOR : Epitome of the*History of Philosophy,
translated from the French by Professor Henry, of the New York
University, 2 volumes, price $1. Also, Enfield's History of Phi-
losophy, from the earliest periods, new edition, complete in one
octavo volume, London. Ritter's History of Ancient Philosophy,
translated from the German, 3 vols. Mackintosh's History of
Ethical Philosophy, 1 vol. Victor Cousin's Introduction to the
History of Philosophy, 1 vol. octavo, translated from the French.
Abrege de la vie des plus illustres Philosophes de l'Antiquite, par
Fenelot, I volume, 26 portraits, price 50 cents, feb 1
N EW MUSIC.-Juet received the following pieces of
New Music at the old established store, third doer east
of 12th street, Penn. avenue. W. FISCHER.
My bark is out upon the deep, by G. P. Morris, Esq.; What is
it ails thee, heart of mine 7 I wandered by the brook side, words
by Milner; Operatic Gems, a collection of Italian airs from the
works of Donizetti Mercadante, &c.; Downe's quick step, with
handsome vignette; Military movements, with handsome vignette.
FOR SALE.--FORTY-SEVEN THOUSAND DOLLARS,
in certificates of the United State' Treasury, bearing the
interest of eight per cent. per annum until payment shall be made
by the Mexican Government in money, or Treasury notes receiv-
able at the Mexican custom-houses in payment of duties upon
goods entered for importation or exportation, according to Ar-
ticle 6 of the Convention of Ilth of April, 1839, between the
United Statoes and Mexico, and the act of Congress nf June 12,
1840. The owners of said certificates of ths Treasury Depart-
ment of the United States for the above sum of $47,000, purpos-
ing to make a visit in Europe, will sell either said amount in its
totality or in sums to suit purchasers, on accommodating terms,
for silver or gold. Offers to be addressed through the Post Office
to S, H. & Co. In case of parity of offers, members of Congress
will be preferred. Offers received until the 15th instant.
L UMBER, BRICKS, LIME, CEMENT, &c.,-
The subscriber has on hand, and offers for sale, at his
Lumber Yard on 12th street and the Canal, an assortment of
seasoned lumber, such as-
4-4 and 8-4 White Pine Cullings
4 4 and 8-A-merchantable and prime White Pine
Together with an assgortmenit of Eastern Shore and North
Curled and plain Maple, Cherry, Ash, Oak, and Poplar
AllI of which will be disposed of at fair prices.
I respectfully solicit those wanting lumber to give me a call, as I
am determined to sell low for cash.
mar 4-3t ULYSSES WARD.
MOST CHOICE GARDEN AND FLOWER
S SEEDS FOR 8ALE.-These Seeds are of the finest
quality, such as will recommend themselves. The most of them
possess the advantage of being raised under the subscribei's own
observation, and when imported they are from confidential cor-
respondents; their accuracy and vitality are therefore expressly
Where persons are not sufficiently conversant with the subject
of gardening to make selections of the varieties best suited to
their respective locations and soils, they will please call on the
subscriber, who is a practical gardener; he will with pleasure
give all the necessary information to any one as to the time of
sowing or planting and manner of culture.
N. B. Plants andi seed packed with care, so as to be forwarded
to any part of the Union with safety.
JOHN DOUGLAS, Ploristaod Seedsman,
Corner of 15th and G streets, opposite State Department.
feb 23-eod3w (Globe)
R. SHERMAN'S LOZENGES.-Tie patentee of
- the above useful invention, which has attained a great ce-
lebrity in the Northern cities, being regularly prescribed there by
many physicians, has made his depot for the District of Columbia
at the store of Mr. F. TAYLOR, Bookseller, Pennsylvania ave-
nue, where those who purchase for the purpose of retailing will
be supplied at precisely the same rates as if they purchased at the
proprietor's office in New York.
A very liberal discount will be allowed to dealers purchasing
by the quantity. Those most in use are, the Cough Lozenge, the
Camphor Lozenge, and the Worm Lozenge. feb 28
FOR SALE, a valuable piece of land, within a mile and a
half of the Capitol, containing about forty acros, being a
part of the Brentwood Tract. It would make a first-rate market
I am also authorized to sell a piece of land adjoining the above,
containing about 60 acres, 21 of which are heavily wooded. The
two tracts together would make a beautiful farm, commanding a
fine view of the city. For terms, which will he moderate, in-
quire of R. FRANCE,
feb 22-eo3w corner of 6th street and Penn. avenue.
B OARDING.-Mrs. REILY'S house, on Missouri avenue,
near 4J street, in the square opposite Gadsby's, is still un-
occupied. Members of Congress who have not yet selected their
private boarding-houses are invited to call and inspect it. Tran-
sient visitors can also be well accommodated, as the house is io
the vicinity of the hotels, dec528-tf
CHAPTERS ON CHURCH YARDS, by Caroline
Southey, late Caroline Bowles, I vol. War and Peace-
the evils of the first, and a plan for preserving the last, by Win.
Jay, 1 vol. Just published and this day received for sale by
mar 2 F.TAYLOR.
M ISSION TO ENGLAND in behalfofthe American
Colonization Society, by Rev. R. R. Gurley, dedicated to
the friends of African Colonization and Civilization in the United
States and Great Britain. Published by MORRISON,
mar 2 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
UST PUBLISHED, and for sale by R. FARNHAM,
corner of llth street and Pennsylvania avenue, RULES
AND REGULATIONS IN BANKRUPTCY, adopted by the
Circuit Court of the United States for the District of Columbia
for the said District, prepared by the Judges of the' said Court.
This is an important pamphlet, and should be in the possession of
every man of business, and is necessary for those who intend to
avail themselves of the benefits of the Bankrupt Act, and of those
who may act as counsel i bankrupts. Prie &0 easots, fob 22
T ~ HE MAGAZINES, Blackwood's, Bentley's, &c. have
-I come, and are ready forsubscribersat MORRISON'S
17 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
SETTERS OF HORACE WALPOLE, Earl of
S Oxford, including numerous letters, now first published,
from the original manuscript, in 4 vols. octavo, with a beautiful
portrait, on steel; just published and for sale at MORRISON'S
Bookstore, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel. nov 26
ANTOLOGY, a Systematic Survey of Human
P Knowledge, by Roawell Park, A. M. Professor of Natural
Philosophy and Chemistry in the University of Pennsylvania, 1
ol. octavo, with many illustrative engravings. Just published,
and received for sale by F. TAYLOR.
AND FOR SALE.-A tract of Land lying on and near
'the Little River Turnpike, in Fairfax county, Virginia,
about four miles from Alexandria, will be sold on reasonable terms.
The tract consists of 102 aires, 40 acres of which are cleared and
under fence, and the residue is well wooded and timbered.
Apply to DANIEL MINOR, Esq. Alexandria, or to GEoRGE W.
SuzMMes, House of Representatives, Washington. mar 2-I1n
NTHONY KOHAUS has filed his petition for the
benefit of the BankruptLaw, which petition will be heard
before the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sitting in
Bankruptcy, in the Court-room in Washington county, on the
twenty eighth tday of March next, at 10 o'clock A. M., when and
where all per.,ons may appear and show cause, if any they have,
why the prayer of the petitioner should not be granted.
By order of the Court. Test :
mar 2-3t WM. BRENT, Clerk.
NEW GUIDE TOI WASHINGTON, by G.
WATTEtSTON, Esq.-The above work is just published,
with a frontispiece of the STATUE OF WASHINGTON by Green-
ough, and contains every thing relating to the history of Washing-
ton, and its progress and improvements since its origin; a'so every
thing that is calculated both to instruct the citizen and stranger,
and is a perfect guide to all its objects of curiosity, and to every
thing else that a stranger would be desirous to make himself ac-
quainted with, while a sojourner in it, er a resident abroad. It
gives a true picture of Washington, though not a mere picture
book; all its institutions, works of art, &c. are.briefly but satis-
factorily described. It sketches its usages, customs, manners,
and religious and moral tone of its society ; public buildings, lite-
rary, social, and other institutions; its location, the condition of
the legal and medical professions; its growth and character of
its resident population; gives an abstract ofits municipal regula-
tions, civil and criminal courts ; duties of the principal executive
officers of the General Governme,,t, of the committees of Con-
gress, and a great variety of useful, local, and general informa-
tion which a resident as well as a stranger would be pleased to
possess. Among the descriptions ofthe societies which have been
organized in Washington, are two at considerable length, and of
great interest; one, of the National Institution, and the other, of
the Society of Odd Fellows.
The work is printed in a neat and handsome style, of over 200
pages, and for sale at the bookstore ofR. FARNHAM, corner of
llth street and Pennsylvania avenue. jan 15
'P1IIE RUINS'OF ATHENS, Titania's Banquet, a
Mask, and other Poems, by G. Hill. Just received, and
for sale by R. PARNHAM.
TENOGRAP1IRS' COPYING PAPER.-W.
S FISCHER has just received a supply of white and black
Copying Paper for stenographers' use.
NEW METALLIC PENS.-W. Fischer has just received from
the manufacturers (Josiah Hayden & Co.) 120 gross of their su- i
prior Steel Pens, for which a gold medal was awarded by the
American Institute, in New York. The assortment is as follows:
Short Falcon, Combination Barrel, Elongated Barrel pointed, FPine
printed Damascus, Elongated fine point, School Pen, American
Perryan. Double Patent, Long Falcon and Combination Pens, for
wholesale and retail only at Stationers' Hall, the proprietor of
which is agent for the manufacturers. jan 26
B. JAMES'S NEW NOVEL, The Jacquerie, in 2
vols. is this day expected and will be for sale, price $1 25,
by F. TAYLOR, or for circulation, along with all other late
publications, from the Waverley Circulating Library.
Terms for the Library $5 per annum, $3 for six months, or $1
ora single month, dec 29
G OOLD HOYT has filed his petition for the benefit
of the Bankrupt Law, which petition will be heard be-
fore the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sitting in
Bankruptcy, in the Court-room in Washington county, on the 28th
day of March instant, at 10 o'clock A. M. when and where all per-
sons may appear and show cause, if any they have, why the
prayer of the petitioner should not be granted.
By older of the Court. Test: WM. BRENT,
Clerk Circuit Court, Washington county, D. C.
G EORGE W'. CAMPBELL has filed his petition for
the benefit of the Bankrupt Law,which petition will be heard
before the Uitcuit Court ofthe District of Columbia,sitting in Bank-
ruptcy, in the Court-room in Washington county, on the twenty-
eighth day of March inst., at tOr0 o'clock A. M when and where all
persons interested may appear and show cause, if any they have,
why the prayer of the said petitioner should not be granted. By
order of the Court. Test:
mar 4-3t Clerk Circuit Court, Washington county, D. C.
F OR RENT, that desirable private residence situate on the
Southwest corner of 12th and P streets. The house has
undergone a thorough repair and is in complete order. To a
careful and punctual tenant, the rent will be moderate; Posses-
sion given immediately. PFor any information, apply to Mrs.
Eliza Moreland, northeast of the City Hall, or to the subscriber.
aver 2--t S. P. FRANKLIN.
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES
IN PURSUANCE OF LAW, I,JOHN TTLER, President
of the United States of America, do hereby declare and
make known that public sales will be held at the under-
mentioned Land Offices, in the State of Illinois, at the pe-
riods hereinfter designated, to wit:
At the Land Office at DixoN, commencing oR Monday, the
thirtieth day of May next, for the disposal of the public lands
within the limits of the uadermentioned townships, to wit:
North of the base line, and east of the fourth principal meridian.
Township twenty one, of range six.
Township twenty-one, of range seven.
Townships twenty-two, twenty-three, twenty-five, and twenty-
seven, of range eight.
Townships twenty-two, twenty-five, and twenty-seven, of range
Townships twenty-three, twenty-five, and twenty-eight, of
Townships twenty-five and twenty-eight, of range eleven.
Also, at the same place, commencing on Monday, the twen-
tieth day of June next, for the disposal of the public lands
within the limits of the undermentioned townships, to wit:
North of the base line, and east of the 4thlprincipal meridian.
Township twenty, of range six.
Township twenty-two, of range seven-
Townships twenty-one, twenty-four, and twenty-six, of range
Townships twenty-three and twenty-six, of range nine.
Townships twenty-two, twenty-four, and twenty-six, of range
Townships twenty six and twenty-seven, of range eleven..
Also, the tractional section seventeen, in township seventeen, of
range two, west of the fourth principal meridian.
Islands numbered one, two, three, and four, and part of island
number five, lying in Rock river, within the limits of township
forty-three, north of range one, east of'the third principal meri-
The east half of the southeast quarter of section seventeen, and
the west halfof the southeast quarter of section thirty, in township
thirty-two, of range one, west of the third principal meridian.
At the Land Office at CHICAGO, commencing on Monday,
the sixth day of June next, for the disposal of the public lands
within the limits of the undermentioned townships and frac-
tional townships, to wit:
North of the base line, and east of the third principal meridian.
Township thirty-eight, of range six.
Township thirty-eight, of range seven.
Townships thirty-eight, thirty-nine, and forty, except these east
half of the southeast quarter, the east half and northwest quarter
of the northeast quarter, and the north half of the northwest quar-
ter, in section thiee, in township thirty-nine, orange eight.
Township forty-five and township forty-six, bordering on Wis-
consin Territory, of range ten.
Townships forty-four ani forty-Aive, and township forty-six,
bordering on Wisconsin Territory, of range eleven.
Sections one to six, inclusive, in township forty; fractional town-
ship forty-one ; the northeast quarter of section ten, in township
forty-three ; and fractional townships forty-four, forty-five, and
forty-six, bordering on Lake Michiguin, except the north half of
section seven, in fractional township forty-one, of range twelve.
At the Land Office at KASKASKtA, commencing on Mon-
day, the twenty-seventh day of June next, for the disposal of
the public lands within the limits of the undermentioned
islands, situaled in the Mississippi river, viz.
South of the base line, and west of the third principal meridian.
Island number twenty-nine, in township seventeen, of range
one, and townships sixteen and seventeen, of range two.
Island number twenty-eight, in townships sixteen and sevan-
teen, of range two.
.Island number thirty, in township seventeen, of range two.
Island number eighteen, in townships ten and eleven, of ranges
three and four; island number nineteen, in township eleven, of
range four; and an island not numbered, forming parts of sections
seven and eighteen, in township eleven, of range three ; and sec-
tions twelve and thirteen, in township eleven, of range four.
Island number twenty, in township twelve, of range three, and
townships eleven and twelve, of range four.
Island number twenty-one, in townships twelve and thirteen,
of range three.
Islands number twenty-three and twenty-four, respectively
forming parts of townships thirteen and fourteen, of range three.
Islands number twenty two and twenty-six, in township six-
teen, of range three; nd island number twenity-seven, in town-
ship sixteen, of ranges two and three.
Island number seventeen, in township nine, of range four.
Island number twenty-five, in township fourteen, of range four.
Island number sixteen, in township eight, of range five.
Island number fifteen, in township seven, of range eight.
Islands number twelve and thirteen, in township six, of range
That part of island number four, forming parts of sections one
and twelve, and islands number fivc and six, in, tonshitp one, of
Island number seven, in township two, of range twelve.
Island number eight, in townships two and three, of ranges ele-
ven and twelve.
Island number eight, in township two, of range eleven.
Island number eleven, in township three, of range eleven.
Islands number nine and ten, respectively foaning parts of
townships three and four, of range eleven.
Island number tairty-one, in township four, of range eleven.
Lands appropriated by law for the use of schools, military
or other purposes, wilt be excluded from sale.
The sales will each be kept open for two weeks, (unless
the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no longer; and no pri-
vate entries of land in the townships so offered will be admit-
ted until after the expiration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand at the city of Washington, this
twenty-ninth day of January, Anne Domini 184-2.
By the President:
E. M. HUNTINGTON,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
NOTICE TO PRE-EMPTION CLAIMANTS.
Every person claiming the right of pre-emption to land in
any of the townships designated in this Proclamation, in vir-
tue of the provisions oftheact of 22d June, 1838, as extended
and modified by the act of lot June, 1840, or of the provisions
of the latter act, or that of the 4th September, 1841, each
granting certain privileges to another and different class of
settlers, is requested to prove the same to the satisfaction ot
the Register and Receiver of the proper Land Office, and
make payment therefore as soon as-practicable afuer seeing
this notice, and before the day appointed for the commence-
ment of the public sale of the land as above designated;
otherwise such claims will be forfeited.
E. M. HUNTINGTON,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
G ENUINE FARINA COLOGNE.-100 boxesofthe
Genuine Farina Cologne just received for sale at Station-
ers' Hall, with every other article of the choicest.perfumnery on
the best terms.rW. FISCHER.
M ORRISON'S STRANGER'S GUIDE to. the
S City of Washington and Vicinity, illustrated by seven-
teen original designs an steel, and a head of General Wash-
ington, fr-m a picture by Wright, never before engraved
Published this day by W. M. MORRISON,
jan 31 Four doors west of Brown's Hotel.
N APIER'S PENINSULA WAH.-Just published
and for snla by W. M. MORRISON, 4 doors west of
Brown's Hotel, the History of the War in the Peninsula and in
the South of Prance, from the year 1807 to the year 1814, by W.
F. P. Napier, C. B., Colonel H. P. 43d regiment, member of the
Royal Swedish Academy of Military Sciences, from the 4th edi-
tion, complete in 4 vola. 8vo., with 55 fine engia vings.
Law and Lawyes; or Sketches and Illustrations of Legal His-
tory and Biography, in 2 vols; Critical and Miscellaneous Wri-
tings of Sir Edward Lytton Bulwer, author of Pelham," the
Disowned," &c.; also, The Pic-Nic Papers, edited by Boz-
BLACK'S NEW GENERAL ATLAS, Edinburgh
1841.-Just imported, and for sale (a few copies only) by
P. TAYLOR, Black's Universal Atlas, containing fifty-four large
folio Maps, engraved in a style of beauty and perfection probably
not seen in the United States before. This Atlas was published
only a few weeks ago, by Adam and Charles Black, Edinburgh,
publishers of the celebrated Encyclopaedia Britannica, just com-
pleted ; it combines the results of all the recent surveys and dis-
coveries in all parts of the earth, with all the Political and Geo-
gra[ hical information at the command of the British Government,
and is unquestionably the most complete and perfect Atlas yet
published in the world. The number and large size of its maps
enables it to give the most interesting portions of the earth's sur-
face on an extent of scale not attempted hitherto in any one book;
Prance being spread over three large folio maps, Germany over
two, Italy two, Africa four, South America four, Great Britain
four, Ireland three, &c. ; together with muth valuable descriptive
information, a Geographical Dictionary, an extensive Index, Sta-
tistics, &c. all brought up to 1841. For sale at an extremelymo-
derate price. A few copies only received, ian 6
LUE BOOK, or Register of all officers and agents,
S civil, military, and naval, in the service of the United
States, with the names, force, and condition of all ships and ves-
sels belonging to the United States, and when and where built,
together with the names and compensation of all printers in any
way employed by Congress or any Department or officer of the
Just published by MORRISON,
mar 2 4 doors from Brown's Hotel.
JUST PUBLISHED BY MItO
J Gurley's Mission to England in beha
Ionization Society, containing ; Origin of t
of New York Society, Arrival in London
tive Committee, Niger Expeditien, causes
dial co-operation with the American Co!
impressions, facts, and much more too nur
M RS. GORE'S NEW NOVEl
Husband, andl the Woman of a Cer
2 vols. Frederick the Great and his Ti
Campbell, the Poet. Family Secrets, by
This day received at the Waverley Ciret
diately east of Gadeby's, or for sale by
PRISON. Rev. R. R.
T HE subscriber will receive proposals, until the 15th of
March, for supplying from seven t6 ten thousand cubist
yards of rough rubble Stone, to be delivered on the site of the
ridge) after the 1st of May, in such quantities and at such.times
as the subscriber may order.
WM. TURNBULL, Major To'b. Eng'rs.
Potomac Bridge, Washington, February 16, 1842.
A PkRINCIPAL WANTED.-The TrusteeS of the
Rockville Academy, in Montgomery county, Maryland, wish
to engage as Principal of that Institution a gentleman well quali-
fied to teach the Latin and Greek languages, and the higher
branches of mathematics. Application must be made in person
to the Trustees, on the last Wednesday in March next, with satis-
factory testimonials of good moral character. The Principal will
receive at the rate of $425 per annum from the State donation, in
semi-annual payments, end the tuition fees accruing in his de-
partment. By order. JOHN MINES, President.
RICHARD J. BOWIE, Sec'y. mar l--3awtmar30
SSISTANT TEACHER WANTED IMME-
DIATELY.-The gentleman engaged as assistant
teacher for the present year having failed to take charge of his
department, I again propose to employ a gentleman qualified to
teach the ordinary branches of mathematics and English, and to
pay him for his services, board, including every thing, and $300
for the scholastic year, or $30 per mouth. None except of indu-
bitable moral character need apply. Applications concerning tes.a-
tintonials (post paid) will be promptly attended to.
R. A. EZELL, A. M.
Principal of Warrenton Hail Academy.
Warrenton, (N. C.) Feb. 21, 1842. mar t-eo3w
CATALOGUE OF 300,000 VOLUMES.-The
S Catalogue of Books, in one volume of the extraordinary bulk
of 2,100 pages, recently published by Henry G. Bohn, NoS. 4 and
5 York street, Covent Garden, London, exhibits a stock of more
than 300,000 volumes, in every department of literature, and in
most languages,-with the prices annexed, and numerous bibliogra-
phical notices. It has been presented to various public libraries
in the United States, where it may be referred to.
Orders for Books, and communications for Henry G. Bobn, may
be- addressed to him as above, and sent direct to London, or to the
care of Messrs. Goodhue & Co. New York, and to whom also re-
mittances may be made for his' t-count. feb 9-d4mc4m
SITUATION AS A TEACHER WANTED.-A
1*4 young gentleman educated in one of the New England
States wishes to procure a situation as TEACHER in an Acade
my, or as Tutor in a private family. Satisfactory testimonials of
character and ability to teach will be furnished. Reference may
be had of the Hon. Samuel Prentiss, U. S. Senator at Washing-
ton. A letter addressed to A. B. C., Wilmington, Delaware, will
secure prompt attention, mar 4-7t
NEW CROP SUGARS AND MOLASSES.-
S 25 hhda. New Orleans Sugar New crop and of prime
5 do Porto Rico do quality.
10 do new crop New Orleans Molasses, very heavy
body and sweet
Just received and for sale low by
mar 5-6t [Globea RYON & CATLETT.
N OTICE.-JOHN T. BALL has filed his petition for
lthe benefit of the Bankrupt Act, which petition will he
heard before the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, silting
in Bankruptcy, in the Court-room in Washington county, on the
twenty-eighth of March inst.at l0o'clock A. M. when and where
all persons interested may appear and show cause, if any they
have, why the prayer of said petitioner should not be granted.
By order of the Court. Test:
March 5-3t WM. BRENT, Clerk.
N OTICE.-Wili be offered for sale, at public auction, on
Thursday, the 10th day of this month, the following arti-
cles of property, to wit:
Tea Canisters, Scales and Weights
1 large Sash door Case, Shaving Soap, Needles, Wafers
Chocolate, Tobacco, Blacking, Matches
Flour, Codfish, Herrings, Brooms, Axe Handles
Empty Boxes, Glass Jars, fine Salt, coarse do.
Empty Stand Casks and Kegs
2 small Measures, Twine, Empty Barrels
Allspice, Sewing Cotton, some Wood
Fig Blue, some olt Carpet, I Stove and Pipe
And some other small articles.
Seized and taken as the property of James Honeywell, by the
order of his landlord Thomas Jordan, in distress for house rent in
arrears due him. Sale to take place north of the Centre Market
House, at 8 o'clock A. M. Terms of sale cash, in current money.
mar 5-3t H. B. ROBERTSON, Bailiff.
V OTIUE.-To all to whom it may concern: On Tuesday
morning, the 1st instant, two runaway negroes brought into
this city a black HORSE, supposed to be stolen : about eight years
o!d, a white spot on the upper part of the neck and one in the fore-
head, and no aloes on ; was much lamed by the hard ride. One
of the negroes was taken, and the other made his escape.
The owner of the said horse is requested to come forward,
prove property, pay charges, and take him away.
ROBERT T. MILLS,
mar 3-3t East Capitol street.
W WHITE'S RECOPILACION, cheap.-A new Col-
lection of Laws, Charters, and Local Ordinances of the
Governments of Great Britain, France, and Spain, relating to the
Concessions of Land in their respective Colonies ; together with
the Laws of Mexico and Texas on the same subject. To which
is prefixed Judge Jolhusorn's Translation of Aso and Manuet's In-
stitutes of the Civil Law of Spain. By the late Joseph M. White,
of Florida. 2 vols. over seven hundred pages each, in full bind-
ing. For sale (a few copies only) at ten dollars the set; has not
Been before sold for less than $17 50.
mar 4 F. TAYLOR.
J VISSER, Agent, selling oil at cost.-The articles
are all of the newest and most fashionable style. They
Various kinds of Embroideries, Shawls, Muslins, Craps, and
Laces of every description, for ball dresses
Gold and Silver Laces, Cord and Tassel Fringe
Gimps and Flowers, for the evening
Long Kid Gloves, from 50 cents to I$1, Mils
Worked silk Scarfs, a variety of Thread and Lisle Laces
Silk Hose, Corsets, Shirts, Trowscrs, Collarets, and Barbes
Blonde Scatfs, Capes, Caps, from 50 cents to $1, Bonnets $2
Black Lace Veils and Shawls, and a variety of French Flowers
Vinaigre Aromatique and Fancy Soafs, Boxes and Jewelry of
J. ViSSzR, Agent, relumerns thanks ti the ladies for their liberal
patronage, and holes for a continuance of it. The place of sale is
at Mrs. JANE TAYLOR'S boarding-house, six doors east of Gads-
iv's Hotel, Pennsylvania avenue, feb 28-MThu&M
OtR SALE, a valuable Cuok anid House Servant
1. about 22 or 23 years of age, with a male child five or six
yeats old. She is in every respect a sound and healthy servant,
and of the most respectable family of servants in this State; and
sold for no other fiult than that of her refusing to cone to the
country to live, preferring to be sold in the city. She can beseen
at Mr.Wm. H. Williams's jail, on 7th street, where I have placed
her for safe-keeping until I dispose of her.
BENJ. L. BIRD,
Lawful Attorney or Agent for Miss Elizabeth Duvall,
of Prince George's county, Md. to whom the servant belongs.
Any communication, post paid, and directed to me at West river
Post Office, Anne Arundel county, Md., will be promply attend-
ed to. B. L. B.
M" eCULLOCH'S DICTIONARY.-Just published,
1T McCulloch's Practical, Theoretical, and Historical Dic-
tionary of Commerce and Navigation, with numerous and impor-
tant additions and improvements, by Henry Vethake, L.L. D.,
one of the Professors in the University of Pennsylvania, member
of the American Philosophical Society, author of a Treatise on
Political Economy, &c., in two volumes, 8vo., bound in full cloth,
for sale at GARRET ANDERSON'S,
mar 4-eo2w Penn. avenue, between I lith and 12th streets.
VALUABLE HEAL, ESTATE FOR SALE.-The
subscriber will oiler at private sale all the real estate of
the late George Holizman, deceased, until the fourth Monday in
;March, and if not sold at I rivate sale previous to that day, will
be then sold at auction to the highest bidder, the sale to com-
imense at 4 o'clock P. M. at the tavern on Beall street.
The Tavern Stand on Beal street, with all ths improvements
thereunto attached, stables, sheds, &c. This property is eligible
situated for business, was occupied by the late George Holtzman
for upwards of twenty years, and possesses all the advantages
for a profitable business.
A two-story brick dwelling on Beall street, with ell the neces-
sary outbuildings and a fine large lot attached.
A two-story brick house on High street, now occupied by Jas.
H. Kidwell as a dwelling and store.
All the interest of the heirs of the late George Holtzman in
three small tenements near ihe head of High street, and nearly
opposite the residence of John Waters.
Terms liberal. For further particulars, inquire of Thomas
Holtzman, in Georgetown, or of the subscriber.
feb 28-lawts WM. HAY MAN, Trustee.
V3HIIREE HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.-
ic Ran away from the subscriber, near Upper Marlboro',
Prince George's county, Maryland, on Saturday, the 8th of Janu-
ary, negro man JAMES, commonly called by the negroes Jim
Shaw. He is about five feet one or two inches high, stoutly built,
nearly copper color, and about thirty or thirty-five years old, a
full head of hair, red eyes, and also a protuberance on the side of
his neck, representing a bunch of grapes, and he is very polite
when spoken to. lie has a brother in Washington, about which
place he may be lurking, or he may be in the neighborhood of
Prince George's county.
One hundred dollars will be paid for his apprehension if caught
in the State of Maryland or the District of Columbia, and the
above reward if caught in Pennsylvania and secured in Jail so tha
I oat him aibain.
sir of the A ~ ~ ~ t!rien- -- 't ...... ..
If of the Aerican C- jan 13-2awtf OTHO B. BEALL.
the Mission, Resolutions D E KINNE'S LAW COMPENDIUM, t
i,Letters to the Execu- UDGE KIN NEW'S LAW COMPENDIUM, Int
, operating against a cc- vols. octavo; beiig Questions and Answers on all legal sub-
ionization Society, final jects, arranged under their alphabetical heads for the facility of
meroua for the limits of immediate reference, and giving very numerous references to the
ian 31 most approved legal authorities, judicial decisions, &c. &c. both
American and foreign, in illustration of the particular point laid
[.-The Lover, and the down by each question and answer. This will be fund a valu-
tain Age, by Mrs Gore, able book for merchants and men ofbusiness generally, and to the
mes, 2 vols., edited by profession as a ready and immediate index to the important autho-
SMiss Stickney, I vol. rities and judicial decisions on every legal matter and Polint of
ulating Library, imme- law. Just completed, price $8. An additional supply this day
received for sale by
F.TAYLOR. mar 4 F.TAYLOR.
TO THE PUBLIC.
Immediately upon the death of Mr. CILLEY, in his duel
with Mr. GAVEX, the whole weight of an almost insupport-
able odium fell upon my reputation for my conduct in the
affair. The world knows with what raneor of malice, if not
with what ingenuity of falsehood, I was assailed. I was not
only justly criminated with the offence of duelling, but most
unjustly and cruelly charged far beyond that offence.
A committee was appointed by the House ot Represen'a-
tives to investigate the question of a breach of privilege, in-
volved in the death of one of its members, and made its exa-
muination and reported the result. At first I awaited a formal
trial before the House for a full opportunity of defence. That
opportunity never was afforded. The House, after months
of discussion, which served only to afford malice its privilege
of persecution, contrary to my most earnest remonstrances,
laid the whore subject on the table forever. In the inivesti-
gation and the discussion of the duel by others, my conduct
had been laid bare, without explanation, and without the de-
fences which an open trial before the House would have
thrown around it.
Denied a trial, I was leftto time and the certain triumphs
of truth. Fearless, though not regardless, ot public senti-
ment, I was willing to abide the unjust censure which had
thickened around my name until the moment of my vindica.
tion should come. And I determined that moment should
be-whenever a responsible person, in a tangible shape,
should venture to make the accusation, which had been in-
tangibly and irresponsibly made by anonymous publications.
These last 1 determined never to notice in any shape.
But, In the mean time, however, &fom the fatal day of the
duel to this time, whenever my friends, and especially any
of my confiding constituents, who never doubled, even whilst
all the rest of the world seemed to condemn me-when those
who had the right to know inquired of me concerning tbe
particulars of the duel which constituted my defence, I never
hesitated to inform them. There were many points on which
they wanted to know the reasons of my conduct. For ex-
lat. Why did Mr. Graves at first require Mr. CiUey to put
his verbal reasons for declining to receive Webb's note in
2d. Why was the point of veracity not alleged in the chal-
lenge as its cause I
3J1. And was that point made on the ground I1
[These two last queries were, as its journal will show,
reiterated by the Committee of Investigation.]
4th. Why were such unusual terms-as were proposed ac-
I was continually compelled to answer such Inquiries as
these, and frequently compelled to discuss the points they in-
volved. I invariably answered the first of these questions
by saying that I had differed with Mr. Graves on the point
of requiring Mr. Cilley to reduce his reasons or reply to
writing, but that he was fortified in his opinion on that point
by the better counsel of Mr. Clay. Again: In answer to
the second and third questions, I said that Mr. Clay drew
the form of the challenge with his own hand, and put the
issue on a point of punctilo, which he considered easier set-
tled than the one of veracity; that for the same reason the
latter point, though often mentioned, was not pressed upon
the ground; and that it was not the subject of adjustment
upon the ground because it was not the point put in the chal-
lenge. And, in answer to the fourth, I said that I opposed,
but that Mr. Clay approved of the adoption of the terms, for
the reasons I have already published. In defence of the course
pursued by Mr. Graves, I never failed to quote the authority
of the advice ef his friend Mr. Clay; as in defence of my
own course on the ground I quoted the authority of Messrs.
Crittenden and Menefee. This I have done in more than a
hundred instances in Ihe last four years, and many times of
lite. I dare say that Mr. Gravea may have done the same
thing. I allude to these particular. to show how little I im-
agined that I was not at liberty to use in defence both of Mr. *
Graves and myself an authority so high as that of Mr. Clay,
I never dreamed that I was doing any thing improper in tl i,
though I was careful at all times not unnecessarily to invulv%
bis name. At the time I first dii si, and years after, I was
the devoted admirer and friendly of Mr. Clay, and would have
made any honorable sacrifice to make him the President of
the United States. I always found his authority, particularly
among his political friends, to prevail in my defence when
used in private, and it was always a gratification to know that
it would be equally availing when it became necessary to use
it in public not only to refute the charge that I instiga-ed the
dtel, hut to prove that I was not the controlling adviser even
of Mr. Graves.
I always, indeed, intended to appeal to Mr. Clay, at the
proper time, and I was confident that he would not heal'ate
to obey a respectful summons, nor fail to assure the world of
the truth. In no hostile spirit did I ever mention his part in
the affair; but, on the contrary, looked with confident satio-
faation to him as a witness of such high character that his
mere word, when once spoken, would dispel the cloud of
calumny from around my name. Thus, then, was divulged
to many, in private, the part which Mr. Clay had i, this
duel. Never divulged by me to impute for a inment to him
the base conduct of instigating or causing the duel ; not to
inculpate him even in giving wrong advice to Mr. Graves;
but simply tosatisfy my friends that Mr. Graves had higher
counsel than mine, to show his justification and mine. Dr.
Fuoliz's letter, tendered to me voluntarily, shows that the
very morning after the duel this was the spirit of my inform,
ation then to him.
Except as I have thus described, I have never quoted Mr.
Clay's name in connexion with the affair. Indeed, I have
ever repelled the idea that he or any one else instigated Mr.
Graves to the challenge; and,Jest it might injure Mr. Clay
in the least, I have purposely abstained from publishing that
he advised in the matter at all; and never published the fact
until lately, when the moment, I thought, had arrived which
imperatively called on me in self-defence to make a public
appeal to him as a witness in my behalf.
For nearly four years I had been waiting for that moment.
At the extra session of Congress, in the spring of 1841, J(hn
Q(. Adams made a most brutal and unprovoked attack upon
me for the part I bore in that duel. The nation was witness
of my forbearance at that time. Again, at this session, in
the debate upon Mr. Marshall's resolution to censure him for
presenting a petition to dissolve the Union, he renewed his
attack with redoubled violence and vengeance. He distinctly
charged in his place that I was a murderer, more guilty of
the blood of Mr. Cill-y than the man who pulled the trig.-
ger." At the moment he was uttering this false accusation,
under the pretext of citing a legislative precedent in his own
case, there, immediately behind him, in a range with my eye,
sat the witness, who. abovr all men, was the man to prove
my innocence to the very accuser himself! There sat Mr.
Clay, who knew the accusation was false, and there stood
John Quincy Adams making it, and attempting to make bhe
world believe it was true Mr. Adams had been the Presi-
dent of the United States ; Mr. Clay had been his chosen
Secretary of State. Mr. Adams was as hoary with honors
as with age ; his character was so high that it had become na-
lional property, and his word was likely to become history.
No less a witness than the man behind him, hearing him,
could make up the fearful odds against the accused. But that
witness, his own trusted and tried friend-one as great, if not
far greater than himself-one who could balance word against
word, and give proof against assertion-one whose fame was
part of the accuser's own history-was there. A word from
him would silence the accuser forever; y, perhaps cause
even him to retract the accusation. True, that then sad
there that witness could not speak, but elsewhere he might
speak, or write. If not to the public prints, to his old friend
he might drop a line saying only: "You are wrong, I know
it, and you have wronged an innocent man by charging him
with what no man is guilty. I advised in the duel of Graves
and Cilley, and I know that no one caused or inatigated the
former to challenge or to fight the latter." Less than this-
a word-a hint from him would be enough. There he was,
present before me-such a witness, with such an accuser, anti
the accusation a damning one-could I do otherwise than
rise as I did and appeal to the two Kentucky Senators as
witnesses in my behalf? I accused neither of I hem. Far
from it, for they were my own best witnesses to ward off ac-
cusation from myself. No; I said only that they knew that
another, higher, better and more distinguished man than I,
had advised Mr. Graves in the preliminaries of his duel, end
that his advice, not mine, bad been followed. Could I say
less 1 It was an appeal to the best witness in the case, who
had never been heard, to speak. Was it not at a moment
when self-defence required the appeal to be made
Yet the witness did not, by word or sign, respond. Of
this I did not complain, as he, perhaps, thought that his si-
lence was enough. He was known, and I would have been
content with inference alone from his silence forever; but
how mortified and grieved was I soon after thbis appeal, to see
the following editorial article in a paper known to be devoted
- I "
tt Mr. 1laT, showing on Its face ah Implicatin at isast that
Mr. Clay was in some sense privy to new and additional
Ales charges against me, to wit:
"Mr. CLAY AND HmS Accusois.-We perceive that most of theb
papers known to be hostile to Mr. Clay are endeavoring to injure
im in the estimation of the People by an attempt to inculcate the
idea that there Is truth In the insinuation of Mr. Wise, that Mr.
Clay was the instigator and adviser in the duel between Mr.
Graves and Mr. Cilley.
"Never was greater injustice done to a public man than in the
insinuations made by Mr. Wise, and in the attempts of certain pa-
p er to induce the belief that those insinations ase wall founded.
Mr. Wise knows, beyond all peradventure, that if he and hais as-
soeiates had not deceived Mr. Clay and made him believe that
the meeting was postponed till the day after that on which it ac-
tually took place, the civil authorities, at the instigation of Mr.
Clay, would have interfered and prevented it. HeI knows, too,
That ifthe place of meeting had hot been changed at his sugges-
lion, the duel between Graves and Cilley never could have taken
place; and under no circumstances could Mr. Graves and Mr.
C4illey have had a hostile meeting, if Mr. Clay had not been de-
ceived as to the time fixed upon for that meeting.
We know that very recently-since the unwarranted insinua-
*In by Mr. Wise-the facts in relation to this matter have been
,put upon record, and the written testimony of two gentlemen of
unimpeseahed and unimpeachable character adduced, to prove that
They, at the instigation of Henry Clay, actually took measures
.to procure the interference of the civil authority for the purpose
:of preventing the meeting between Mr. Graves and Mr. Cilley
That testimony has, as we know, been transmitted to Mr. Clay;
and our object in alluding to this subject is to =all upon that dis-
-tiagulshed gentleman to give publicity to the testimony we refer
S.to, as an act ofjustice to his friends. We are well aware, that in
the consciousness of his innocence of the vile insinuations against
him, he may deem it unnecessary to take any course calculated
-to vindicate his character against this new assault of his enemies;
"but he must bear In mind that both he and his reputation are the
common property of the nation; and that, in justice to his friends,
personal and political, he is bound to lay before the public the
'conclusive testimony which has been voluntarily placed at his
disposal, for the purpose of demonstrating how utterly without
foundation Is this new assault upon his fair fame.
S"Of the testimony referred to, it might be improper in us to
w ay Imore at present; but we invite attention to the following re-
.marks from the Philadelphia United States Gazette, with the
singlee observation that all, and more than all, which is here stated
atu defence of Mr. Clay has been put upon record by gentlemen
whose testimony will admit of no question:
"' Mr. Graves then determined on a challenge, and, having
written It, be called on Mr. Clay, and while with him he showed
the challenge. This was the first that Mr. Clay knew of any in-
'"tntion of the duel. Mr. C. pointed out to Mr. Graves the total
-dopartire fr.-m etiquette of such matters in his note; and at the
agitationn of Mr. G. penned one in a less offensive form-one
that would admit of an explanation, and thus allow of settlement.
Tahis note was perhaps not copied, but was signed by Mr. Graves,
"' Mr. Clay had nothing further to do with the matter, and
'knew nothing further of it, until the noon of the very day on
which the duel actually took place, when Colonel K-,
of New York, called, as the friend of Colonel W-, and
asked Mr. Clay whether something could not be done to prevent
the meeting. And our impression at this moment is, that Col
K. gave Mr. C. the first intimation that the meeting was to take
place on that day. Mr. Clay advised Col. K, to go at once to
General Mercer and to Mr. P. Key, and to persuade them to have
the police out upon all routes which the parties would he liable to
take. Mr. K. went immediately to these gentlemen, in pursu-
itce of Mr. Clay's suggestion, and they hastened to comply with
hi wishes. The parties, however, eluded the policemen by
taking an obscure road that passed unnoticed out of the city.
Whether Mr. Wise was informed ofall these facts we do not
know ; if he was, he will, of course, be made to feet the impropriety
of such insinuations as he made. The possibility that he has the
form of the challenge, or the challenge itself, in Mr. Clay's
hand-writing, will not avail him, if our recollections are correct;
If thay are incorrect in any way, we shall hasten to correct our
"' We have nothing to say in favor of duels or duelling. We
are publicly and privately opposed to them, and have not failed at
adlitable times so to express ourselves. But others entertain a
different opinion, as is evident from their practices, and when they
*brink away from the oonsequenees of participation, and seek to
save themselves by involvingothers, we think they deserve cen-
sure, even additional to that which they earned by sharing in a
doel. We do not know that any body will think himself called
on to reply to Mr. Wise's insinuation. Certainly Mr. Clay will
not. But our readers may desire to know how things were, and
they have a statement above to the best of our knowledge and
This, though it came from Webb, the editor of the Week
ly Courier and New York Enquirer, in which it was pub-
liJished on the 12th of February, I chose not to notice. But
soon after this attack upon me appealing to Mr. Clay to pub-
lifsh certificates, and speaking knowingly of certificates sent
by gentlemen to Mr. Clay, he himself published in the Intel
ligeacer of the 25Sth ultimo, a letter from Mr. Graves, and the
certificates of Charles King and Reverdy Johnson, (evident
ly those alluded to in Webb's article,) which could not bat
arouse in my mind the suspicion not only that he did not in-
tend to come forth and testify in my behalf, but that he in-
tended to givecountenance and color to the old as well as the
new charges against me, which were now vouched by the
man (Webb) who really did cause that fatal duel.
These suspicions were not allayed by the fact that Mr.
Clay published Mr. Graves's letter to him, in answer to one
from him, without one word of comment, and without cor-
recting a most essential error of recollection in it, which he
could not but know tobe an error, and which he admits in
answer to me since was an error in the recollection of Mr
Graves, to wit: That he was not consulted by Mr Graves be-
fore the moment of the challenge on Friday the 231. He now
hioelf #eays th he advised Mr. Graves to get Mr. Cilley to
A put hi verbat answer in writing before the former addressed
,otIhe latter his first letter in the correspondence. Had Mr. Clay,
when he published this letter of Mr. Graves, corrected this
error alone, there would have been no necessity for me to ad-
dres him or again to address the public on this sore subject.
Third qtiestion, Was' that letter intended for publicia-
"Answer tb third question. It was, through the New York
American, if Col. Webb should at any time think it neces-
sary- but without the names of myself and Mr. Jackson."
Thus, tIen, it is seen that Webb himself is the real wit-
ness to these two points of evidence. He prepared the state-
ment, he had the discretion of publishing it. and did publish
it in his own paper, and thus again confirmed it; and it
1st. That early on Saturday morning, the day of the duel,
before his friend Morell was out of bed, he knew of the chal-
lenge, of the acceptance, the distance, and the weapon.
2.1. That, as early as 10 o'clock, he was undeceived, if he
ever had been deceived, and that the time was at 12 o'clock
that day. Thus he knew of the time too. Was Mr. Clay
Thesecond witness whom I propose to introduce on the
first issue is the very person himself whom I am charged with
having deceived, to wit, Mr. Clay himself.
See his letter below, in which he says: "I never thought
or said that I was deceived by you or by any other person as
to the time and place of the meeting of Messrs. Graves and
The third witness on this point is one of "my associates"
in the duel, the Hon. John 3. Crittenden, who, in answer to
me, addressed to me the following letter, to wit:
WASHINGTON, FEBRUARY 27, 1842.
DEAR SIR: I received yesterday your letter of the 26th in-
stant, and in compliance with your request, I shall proceed to
answer the questions it contains, without any formal repeti-
tion of them, or reference to the order in which they are put.
The paragraph which you have marked as t quotation from
the" Weekly Courier and New York Enquirer" of the 12th
inst. is, I think, fall of errors and mistakes.
There is no just ground that I have any knowledge of fur
imputing to you or your associates the deception which that
paragraph charges them with having praclised on Mr. Clay.
From the first communication which Mr. Graves and Mr.
Menefee made to me concerning the affair, on the night be-
fore the duel, I understood generally that the terms and ar-
rangements for the meeting of the parties had all been made,
and that these terms had, of course, been prescribed on the
part of Mr. Cilley. I know they informed me that the next'
day was the time appointed for the duel, and that rifles were
to be the weapons; but I do not remember what was said in
reference to the place of meeting, or to any arrangements
about it. I had no personal knowledge of the appointments
of time or place. But of this I fiel quite confident, I never,
after that first conversation with Graves and Menefee, knew,
or was informed, of anychange of arrangement (made or sug-
gested) in respect to either the time or place; except, perhaps,
that the meeting may have been postponed to a somewhat
later hour of the day, inconsequence of the difficulty of pro-
curing and preparing a rifle for Mr. Graves. With that pro-
bable exception, I have always supposed and believed that the
meeting took place and was conducted in fair and entire ac-
cordance with the terms and arrangements (including those
relating to time and place) prescribed and appointed by, or on
the part of, Mr. Cilley himself.'
Not having before me the statement of Gon. Jones and your-
self of the 26th of February, 1838, 1 cannot speak in refer-
ence to it, nor do I suppose the omission can be at all material
after what I have said.
I did not see you with Mr. Graves and Menefee when, on
the night before the duel, they came'for me to Mr. Gales's.
Mr. Graves seems to speak doubtingly about your presence,
and I presume that he is mistaken in that particular, as I am
quite certain that you were not present when I there met with
They told me of the intended duel; that the next day was
the time appointed, and rifles the arms prescribed by Mr.
Cilley; and that Graves was then, at that late hour, (10 or
11 o'clock at night,) unprovided altogether with a rifle. They
earnestly requested that I would go with them in quest of
one. I did so, and we finally succeeded in borrowing a rifle
from Mr. Rives, of the Globe office, which he told us had been
long unused and was very much out of order. You were net
in company with us on that occasion, and I do not recollect to
have seen you at any time during that night.
I am conscious that great injustice has been done you in
relation to this affair, and shall be gratified if the statements
I have here made can contribute any thing to vindicate you
Trusting that you will find my answers to your inquiries
fall and satisfactory, I have little to add but an expression of
regret that any circumstances should have rendered necessary
this late re-agitation of a subject that must cause so much un-
merited pain to Mr. Graves, who has already suffered far be-
yond the ordinary measure for such offences. In this f-eling,
1 think, you will participate with me. We can both bear
witness for him that in his unhappy affair with Mr. Cilley,
however mistaken he may have been, he acted from his sense
of honor, unmixed with any base motive, and that no man in
such a conflict ever conducted himself more fairly, more chi-
valrously, or in a manner further above all reproach. The
issue was most unfortunate, butthe real offence consisted only
in fighting a duel. I neither approve nor apologize for the
practice, but it seems to me that the judgments of the just
and the generous must be much mitigated on such subjects,
when they consider how much duelling ought to be regarded
rather as the vice of the age and of public opinion than of the
individuals who become its victims.
Mr. Graves's case is of a character to entitle him to the fall
benefit of all these considerate ms, and I could not forbear to
say thus much on behalf of an absent friend. And though
it is not exactly responsive to your letter, you will not, I am
persuaded, deem it improper or inappropriate to the occasion.
Very respectfully, yours, &c.
Hon. HENRY A. WIsE.
J. J. CRITTENDEN.
But upon the appearance of this letter without such correc- The fourth and fifth witnesses on this point are Charles
lion, or note or comment to intimate even that it was incor- King and Reverdy Johnson, introduced by Mr. Clay himself,
rect, I immediately addressed to Mr. Graves the letter and who certify, at his request, as follows, to wit:
statement which was published in the Intelligencer of th, STATEMENT.
38hultimo; and I addressed Mr. Clay and others, as thf ,, ,, ,"
Inth ulet imo; and i addressed Mr. Clay and others, as the On Friday, 23d February, 1838, going down about 5 o'clock to
joined letters will show. Without waiting for an answer the parlor, which I with a part of my family and some friends from
from Mr. Graves, I give them to the public as complete proofs New York occupied at Gadsby's, and where was the, assembling
thunemelves., a party of gentlemen whom we had invited to dinner, 1 met on the
In conclusion I must add, in relation to the first part of Mr. staircase Mr. Graves, who, as well as Mr. Wise, were to be of the
Clay's letter to me, that the spirit of an upright and honora- party. To ny question where Mr. Wise was, Mr. G. said lie was
bltman, which God has given me, is too much like his own- not coining, and then informed me that a challenge had passed
too proud and too unbending to allow me to respond to him between himself and Mr. Cilley, that it had been accepted, that
touching a disavowal or explanation of dishonorable conduct Mr. Wise was arranging the preliminaries, and that both desired
which be imputes to me by innuendo. Conscious of never to be excused from dining with us. Mr. Graves then went away.
having wronged him, I could, without favor, boldly go to him I was greatly shocked at what he had told me ; for, although I
foar common justice and for truth. I will make no such dis. had heard rumors that, at the request of Mr. Webb, of Newv York,
avowal or explanation as that which he does not ask, but Mr. Graves had called on Mr. Ciltey for explanation of language
used by that gentleman in allusion to Mr. Webb, Ilhad also heard
em to say would be just; but I wiU cheerfully do what,.toand certainly believed the matter was adjusted.
a goBerous spirit and a good heart, should be much more ac- at once, on entering the parlor, took Mr. Webb aside and
ceptable: I will declare that I never accused him to any being stated what had passed between Mr. Graves and myself. Mr.
on earth of instigating the duel between Graves and Cilley; Webb appeared greatly surprised and distressed, and at once said
and I never stood by in silence whilst others accused him oh the meeting must be prevented. He beckoned to Mr. Reverdy
ao doing; and, had I or others so accused him, the accusa- Johnson, one of our guests, and the matter having been explained
tion, so far as I know and believe, would have been false, to him, it was agreed that Mr. Johnson and myself should imme-
He, nor I, nor ahy man whom I know, was guilty of such a diately call on Mr. Clay and ask ,is assistance to arrest the hostile
crime, or any offence like it. I have said that Mr. Graves proceedings. We immediately went to Mlr. Clay's lodgings, and
sought his advice at the very beginning of his correspondence there found Mr. Graves seated with him. I expressed my grati-
with Mr. Cilley; that his advice was given, and that it was fiction at the circumstance, and commenced explaining the ob-
the controlling advice with Mr. Graves and with myself; but ject of our visit, when Mr. Graves rose to leave the room, saying,
I never asintimated or meant to intimate hat his advice wa a lie went out, thut he could permit io interfere-ce with any thing
Never intimated or meant to intimate that his advice was that touched his honor. Mr. Johnson and myself then represent-
frop any bad motive, or that it was not honorable and humane. ed to Mr. Clay, in the strongest manner we could, the enormity
It was sought, it was given, and it was followed, because it of permitting two gentlemen to fight in a quarrel which dtd not
was his. 1 acquiesced in It, though I differed from it. and concern them, and appealed to him, not less as a friend of Mr.
cheerfully take the consequences of having done so. I have Graves than out of regard to Mr. Webb-who, we told him, fel'
done no more to him than to appeal to his testimony for my that it would be the deepest wrong and injury to him that others
defence. His name is a tower of strength, and I abide under should peril life in his cause-to aid us in arresting the duel.
its high and unquestioned authority for my justification. Mr. Clay replied in substance that we saw how he was situated.
HENRY A. WISE. Mr. Graves had consulted him. He ought not, he said, to have
WASHINGTON, MARCH 3, 1842. been consulted ; but having been, the honor of his friend, who
was the challenger, might be compromised by any advance on his
(Mr. Clay's) part to arrest the progress of the affair. He either
APPENDIX. showed to or explained to us the correspondence of the challenge
I rely upon the evidenceappended as conclusive to refute- andacceptance, and the terms, &i., and assured us that the meet-
Ilyt Thueochares maden against me in ts "Wvekly Ct ing could not take place the next day, as Mr. Graves had no rifle,
l t. hew c charges made against me in the f Wekly Cot- and thalt next morning we could have enough time for interference,
rr and New York Enquirer" of the 2h of February, 1842. if we chose to interfere. It was now past six o'clock in the even-
2d. To correct the errors of recollection in Mr. Graves's ig, and we left Mr. Clay, saying we would keep him advised of
letter to Mr. Clay, dated the 16th of February, and publish, our proceedings. Mr. Johnson and myself then went to Mr.
ed in the Iltelligencer of the 25th of February, 1842, by Mr. Wise's lodgings, in thie hope of asc.-rtaining hiu views as to the
Clay. possibility of an amicable adjustment of the quarrel. He was
3.1. To refute the calumny that I instigated the duel of out. We left either a note or our names, with a message that we
Graves and Cilley. would call again at 8 o'clock. We did'call again at the hour, but
On the first issue I introduce as thefirst witness my accu- without finding Mr. Wise. Hardly knowing what step to take
ear, James Watson Wehb, of the Courier and Enquirer, him- next, after a good deal of discussion, and relying upon the belief
self See Reports of Committees, 25th Congress, 2J ses- that the ineeting would not take place the next day, we determin-
in vol. 4, 183-'38; the' it bofo t committee ed to wait for the morning.
ion, el. 4, 1837-3; the r a letter published in the" Wcommitteek A early hur on Saturday, I was aroused frommy mbed by
o then duel, that there was a letter published in the" Week- Mr. Webb, who told me he had certain information that Messrs,
ly Courier and New York Enquirer of March 3, 1838, ex- Graves and Cilley had gone out, and conjuring me to aid him in
traced from the New York American, dated Gadsby's Ho. preventing any catastrophe. I dressed in all haste, and went to
tel, Washington, February 25, 1838." This letter was thus arouse Mr. Johnson from his bed, and both proceeded at once to
published both by Webb arid Charles King (the editor of Mr. Clay's lodgings. That gentleman was notyet up, but, upon
the American) the day after the duel. It states- hearing our names, desired uts to come into his bedroom. When
lat. "Early in the morning of yesterday," (the 24th, the informed that the parties had gone out, he declared it impossible,
day of the duel,) Cot Webb, of New Yoik, called at my and sent his servant instantly for Mr. Graves. The answer was,
lodgings wrile I was yet in bed, and stated that, on the even- that Mr. Graves had gone by the early train to Ba'timore. The
ing preceding, Mr. Cilley, of Maine, had accepted a challenge same answer was returned in regard to Messrs. Crittenden and
from Mr. Graves, of Kentucky, and that they were to fight Menefee, who also boarded in the same house. This made it clear
at eighty paces with rife." After other matters not pertinent that Mr. Graves and his friends had gone out, the alleged trip to
to Ihi issues it statesr- ohreint Baltimore being merely a cover. Mr. Clay seemed greatly dis-
to this issue, it states- stressed and perplexed, and after some consultation as to the best
2,1. "At 10 o'clock I was informed by Col. Webb that mode of yet preventing the duel, if possible-for which he seem-
althoughhehad beenassuredon th eveningprevious that Mr. ed as earnest as we were-lie suggested that Gen. Mercer or
Graves and Mr. Cilley would not meet for some days, he had Mr. Key, or both, should be seen without delay. I immediately
reason to believe that he had been intentionally deceived, and left his apartment, jumped into a hack, and rode to Gen. Mercer's
that the meeting would take place on that day at 12 o'clock." lodgings, near the Capitol. Gen. Mercer instantly entered into
These two points of testimony, besides other matters, are my views, and declared himself ready to go forthwith before a
contained in that letter. It was published in blank; but the magistrate, either of Virginia or Maryland-for it was supposed
committee ascertained that it was subscribed in fact by Wmin. the parties would go out of the District-and take out a writ,
H. Morell, nd that it was vouched for in part by Mr. Da- which lie would himself accompany the officer and see served.
niel Jackson. Mr. Morell was called before the committee, The first thing, therefore, was to ascertain, if possible, the route
and examined as follows to wit: taken by the parties. I was about ta start on the inquiry, when
By the committee to Mr. Morell- Mr. Waddy Thompson,of South Carolina, came in. The matter
B FthecomminteetoMr.sthestaemenhwas explained to him, 1 think, by Gen. Mercer, and he at once
t interrogatory. Is the statement, herewithshowntodeclared there was no reason for such a duel, and that he would
you, a true statement of fatesI And was it subscribed by himself, if he could find then,, go to the ground and insist there
yourself and any ether person I And who was that other should be no fight. He then got into the carriage with me. I
Person11' left him at one of the boarding-houses, where he expected to ob-
ui Answer to first interrogatory. It was subscribed by tain some information. I on my part called at several places with
myself, and by Daniel Jackson, in my presence. It s a true the same view. All effortwas unavailing, and the result is known.
statement of facts, as far as set forth. When Col. Webb I did not see Mr. Johnson again that morning, and never, to my
first proposed to go to Mr. Cilley's room, I made some objec- recollection, spoke with Mr. Clay afterwards in relation to the
tion, and questioned the propriety of it. He replied that this duel.
was the only course which his friends thought he could take, NEW Yon, FEa. 4, 1842. CHAS. KING.
under the circumstances in which he was placed; and I then
consenld to ascompan him." I have carefully examined the statement of Mr. Charles King,
"second question. y whom, and at whose instance, was transmitted to me in his letter of the 4th instant, and, at his suag-'
that statement prepared gestion, give my recollection of the circumstances to which it re-
"Answer to second question. B was prepared by James fers. Every thing preceding our twuo interviews with Mr. Clay,
,, stson Webb, ad signed by me at his request." and occurring at those interviews, is perfectly freAh in my mem-
ory, aad,'whith a few immaterial particulars which I will metition,i
is precisely such as detailed by Mr. King.
First. At neither interview were we shown the written chal-
lenge and acceptance, or the terms of the duel, but had them
explained to us only by Mr. Clay.
Second. In the morning after the first interview I was not ori-
ginally aroused from my bed by Mr. King, as is his recollection,
but when sent for by him was hurriedly preparing to leave my
chamber in consequence of having, some minutes before, received
a note from Mr. Wise, enclosing me a letter addressed to the gen-
tlesian inviting him, apologising for not attending a public dinner
to take place that evening at the Eutaw House, in Baltimore, and
where several members of Congress, including Mr. Graves as
well as himself, were expected. The note to me stated that the
matter, of which he said I was aware-meaning, as I understood,
the duel between Messrs. Graves and Cilley-called Mr. Graves
and himself at once from Washington, and made it impossible for
either to be in Baltimore. Although it did net inform me that the
meeting was to take place that day, I so inferred, and resolved im-
mediately on seeing Mr. King, and with him to use every effort
we could to avoid a catastrophe which we thought was, upon every
account, so much to be deprecated. As soon as we met, we went
at once to Mr. Clay's lodgings, and what took place there is, ac-
cording to my recollection, set forth by Mr. K. with perfect accu- .
racy. Mr. Clay's surprise at discovering that the duel was, in all
probability, to occur that day, was evidently as great as ours had
been, and his desire to arrest it manifestly as sincere and ardent
asours. To say nothing of his manner throughout the interview,
this was most abundantly proved by the means he advised us to
Third. Mr. K. did not, as he seems to think, go alone to Gen.
Mercer, but was accompanied by me, and we continued together
during the meeting, and until Mr. K. and General Thompson
started in the carriage together in the further prosecution of the
effort in which we had been engaged. My further participation
in the matter here terminated, as I was compelled to go to the
Supreme Court, then about to meet, to conclude the argument I
had commenced there the day before, in the mandamus ease of
Kendall vs. Stockton & Stokes. Nor did I again see Mr. K. that
evening in Washington-we met that night in this city. It may
be proper to add, that, from the period referred to to the present
time, tha occurrences alluded to have never been the subject of
conversation between Mr. Clay and myself.
BALTIMORE, FEBRUARY 7, 1842.
These two witnesses establish-
1st. That about 5 or 6 o'clock, on Friday, the 23d, the day e
before the duel, they went to Mr. Clay's room to get him to i
interpose to prevent the duel.
2d. That then and there they found Mr. Graves seated
3d. That they commenced explaining the object of their I
visit in the presence both of Mr. Clay and Mr. Graves.
4th. Mr. King says that Mr. Clay then and there either
showed to or explained to us the correspondence, the challenge, '
and acceptance, and the terms," &c. and Mr. Johnson says, j
"at neither interview were we shown the written challenge
and acceptance, or the terms of the duel, but had them ex-
plained to us only by Mr. Ctay." Thus, then, Mr. Clay at
that time knew the terms, &c. a
5th. When these gentlemen appealed to Mr. Clay to ar-
rest the duel, he replied in substance that they saw how
he was situated Mr. GRAVES HAD CONSULTED HIM." He I
could not therefore interpose, because he might compromit
the honor of his friend who had consulted with him. It was
not, then, because he was deceived at all, but because he knew |
too much about the affair, to inform the civil authorities.
The second issue. Is Mr. Graves's recollection, as pub-
lished by Mr. Clay, in his letter of the 16th of February, in C
the Intelligencer of the 25th of February, 1842, correct I
Error l.-Addressing Mr. Clay, he says: "From the
commencement of the difficulty between Mr. Cilley and I
myself, up to the time I sent him the challenge, I do not
recollect that I mentioned 'it to you or any other colleague
or friend, except Mr. Menefee and Mr. Wise." And, again
he says : I do not recollect naming the subject to you until
'the morning before the meeting, when I called atyour room,
I think in company with Mr. Wise, and exhibited to you
the correspondence, and perhaps detailed to you the circum- i
stances of the affair." i
Now, I will observe, and I wish it remembered, that this
was published by Mr. Clay, in a letter to him in answer to a I
letter from him; and, without note or comment of correction,
it was put forth by him, of course, as correct, and was in fact
a statement by him, (Mr. Clay,) by direct implication, as well
as by Mr. Graves. As a statement of Mr. Graves's recol- i
election merely, I do not mean to dispute-it; but is it correct
in fact, and did Mr. Clay know it to be correct or incorrect
when he published it? '
Upon this point I introduce as the only witness, at present, j
Mr. Clay himself. February the 25th, 1842, the day this
letter of Mr. Graves appeared in the National Intelligencer,
I addressed to Mr. Clay the following letter, to wit:
WASHINGTON, FEBRUARY 25,1842.
SIR : I enclose to you an editorial from the "Weekly
Courier and New York Enquirer," edited by James Watson
Webb, of the 12th inst.
In response, I presume, to the call upon you contained in
this piece to "give publicity to the testimony" therein refer- 1
red to, you have, in this morning's Intellgencer, published a l
letter from W. J. Graves, Esq. accompanied by statements of I
Charles King and Reverdy Johnson.
Now, sir, I most respectfully inquire of you, 1st. Whether
by your publication in the Intelligencer of these statements,
in connexion with the editorial referred to, you mean to
give countenance to the imputation contained in this edi-
torial, that I ever deceived you, either as to the time or place of i
the meeting between Messrs. Graves and Cilley 1 2Id. Wheth-
er you were so deceived by me or by my associates, as therein
charged '1 And, if by them, who of them 1 3J. Were you
not fully informed the day beforehand oh all the terms pre-
scribed by Mr. Cilley for that meeting, and did you not ad-
vise their adoption I 4th. Did you not draw the form of the
challenge which I bore for Mr. Graves to Mr. Cilley on the
morning of Friday, the 23d day of February, 18381 5th.
Had you not before that day, the 23d, been advised with by
Mr. Graves and his friends as to his correspondence and his
course preliminary te the challenge, and was your advice not
I trust you will fully perceive the propriety, and necessity
even, of these inquiries, and that your own sense of honor
will appreciate the justice to me of candid and full answers
I am, sir, with all due consideration, yours, most respect-
fully, HENRY A. WISE.
Heon. HENRY CLAY, Washington.
[The following memorandum was made by Dr. Linn, of Mis-
I was asked to take this letter to Mr. Clay last night, but waited
for a copy to be made by Mr. Wise, which is furnished to day.
WAS1INOTON, FESSUARY 26, 1842. L. F. LINN."]
On the 2d of March Dr. Linn handed to me the following
answer from Mr. Clay, to wit:
WASHINGTON, FEBRUARY 28, 1842.
SIR: The Hon. Mr. Linn, of the Senate, on Saturday
night last delivered to me an open letter from you, under date
the 25th instant, propounding certain inquiries to me relative
to the unhappy affair between Messrs. Graves and Cilley.
Before I proceed to return a more specific answer to your
note, I must recall to your recollection certain circumstances
which have occurred during the present session of Congress.
Some weeks ago, and prior to any allusion to the unfortu-
nate duel made in the House of Representatives by Mr. Ad-
ams and yourself, I was informed that a letter written from
this city had appeared in the New York Herald, charging me
with having instigated and caused the duel, and with having
prepared tho challenge which led to it. Plior, also, to that
allusion, it was currently whispered about in this city that I
occasioned the duel and prepared the challenge. The naked
fact of my having prepared the challenge, suppressing the
attending circumstances, and especially the motive of an
amicable adjustment, which induced me to propose the modi-
fication, was thus brought before the Public. Now, you, Mr.
Graves, and I, were only present when I proposed that modifi-
cation. Not for a moment could I believe that he furnished
he fact of the challenge to the writer of the letter to the New
York Herald. I did not; and my conclusion was not unrea-
sonable that you did.
When the subject was adverted to by Mr. Adams and you
ii the House oh Representatives, and you stated that thepre-
liminaries had been arranged by another, without mentioning
my name, the previous circumstances were such as to fix at-
tention oa me, and you were as distinctly understood to refer
to me as if my name had been expressly designated.
Afterwards, a long and elaborate exposition, professing to
give all the circumstances of the affair, appeared in the Madi-
sonian, which was believed to have been your production, or
to have been prepared with your assistance or sanction. In
that exposition, the design is clearly manifested to transfer the
responsibility of the duel to me, the terms of the challenge
are recited, and, by a call of the public attention to what is
denominated its "ear-marks," an insinuation is made of my
being its author-a design as unfounded in respect to me as
it is unjust towards Mr. Graves: as if I, without an earthly
motive, should force him into a duel contrary to his own deli-
During all these proceedings, without any appeal to you,
I remained passive and silent, suffering under conscious in-
justice, bst abiding in undoubted confidence that in this, as in
other instances, truth would ultimately triumph.
I applied to Charles King, Esq., for a statement of what
had occurred in two interviews in my room between him, Re-
verdy Johnson, Esq., and myself. Mr. King came to me as
the friend of Col. Webb; and although, being the friend of
Mr. Graves, I could not invoke the authority of the police to
prevent the duel, 1 informed him that I thought no such ob-
stacle applied to him, and that he might with entire propriety
cause the parties to be arrested. I therefore recommended
the police to be called out, and for that purpose advised him
to confer with General Mercer and F. S. Key, gentlemen
that I knewwould promptly lend their aid toprevent theduel.
Mr. King accordingly made a statement, forwarded it to R.
Johnson, Esq., who added his own, without my solicitation,
and transmitted both to me.
I enclosed to Mr. Graves a most false and malignant attack
upon me in regard to the affair, which appeared, I think, in
the Boston Post; and he, in consequence, addressed to me
the letter bearing date the 16th instant.
Those two statements and his letter I handed to the Editors
of the National Intelligencer for publication, not, as you sup-
pose, in response to any call made by Col. Webb upon me,
(for, although he might have known of the Iwo statements,
he could not at New York, on the 12th of February, have
known of a letter of Mr. Graves bearing date the 16.h of
that month, at Louisville, in Kentucky,) hut in response to
and in refutation of an attack upon me, which I had reason
to believe had either its origin with you, or had been made
upon information supplied by you.
Such are the circumstances under which your appeal is now
made to me to furnish you with testimony in answer to pre-
pared interrogators, for the purpose either of your own vi.n-
dication, or to Implicate me. t can recognise no right on
your part to make such an appeal*ntil all agency of yours
in the transactions to which I have herein refernied, for the
purpose of my inculpation, is disavowed or satisfactorily ex-
plained. Nevertheless, animated by a sense ot right and fair-
ness which would prompt me to do justice even to an enemy,
and feeling an entire consciousness of my being beyond any
reproach on account of the deplorable event which forms the
subject of our correspondence, I will now reply particularly
to such parts of your letter as appear to me to require an
I never thought or said that I was deceived by you or by any
other person as to the time and place of the meeting of Messrs.
Graves and Cilley. I positively aver that I had no knowledge
of the day, nor the hour, nor the place of their hostile meet-:
ing. And when, on the day of its actual occurrence, Messrs.
King and Johnson called at my room, in the manner related
by them, and informed me that it was to take place on that
day, I felt all the surprise which is described in their state-
ments. I immediately sent my servant to the respective rooms
of Messrs. Graves, Crittenden, and Menefee; and, finding
that they had, without my knowledge, left them early in the
morning, for the first time I apprehended that the meeting
was to take place that day. I did not suppose thwt it would
occur on that day, because, having understood that Mr.
Graves had met with difficulty in getting a rifle, I did not
know that he had obtained one. I had no right to know the
time and place of the meeting of the parties. I only regret-
ted my ignorance of it because, if I had known it, I could
have advised where the police might have been directed to ar-
rest the parties and prevent the duel.
My belief is that I never saw the terms according to which
the combat was to be conducted, prior to the duel, although
I think they were stated and explained to me, probably by
you. Mr. King thinks they were shown or read by me to
him. Mr. Johnson,. who was present, does not agree with
him in that particular, and my memory coincides with Mr.
Johnson's. 33at I do not regard it as of tle least conse-
quence. I had no hand in their preparation. That was the
work of one or both of the seconds.
When, on the day preceding the duel, Mr. Graves, in com-
pany with you, came to my room, I was informed that he had
Determined to challenge Mr. Cilley, and he showed me the
challenge which he had drawn. Upon reading it, I thought
it closed the door to all accommodation, stated that objection
and sketched a draught in my own handwriting which,
would admit of an amicable adjustment. For, from my first
knowledge of the affair to the hour of its fatal termination,
believing that the difference ought to be settled, I clung to
the hope of a friendly adjustment of it. What became of the
sketch I drew I do not know. I did not see the challenge
which was actually transmitted. I refer to the statement in
Mr. Graves's letter on this branch of the subject, in which I
entirely agree with him.
I did not know that Mr. Graves bore a note from Colonel
Webb to Mr. Cilley, until after the delivery of the note, and
after Mr. Graves received from him a verbal answer. In
that stage of the transaction, for the first time, Mr. Graves
communicated the matter to me, and I congratulated him on
he fact of that answer being perfectly satisfactory, and such
as to absolve him from all obligation to pursue the affair fur-
her. This has probably escaped Mr. Graves's recollection,
but I add it, as being within my own. On conversing to-
gether, we both agreed that, to guard against future misun-
lerstanding and misrepresentation, it was desirable that Mr.
Cilley should put in writing what he had verbally answered.
That, Mr. Graves said, he had no doubt would be readily
lone. But an unfortunate misunderstanding arose between
he parties as to the terms or nature of the verbal answer,
which terminated in the challenge.
I have no recollection of having seen their correspondence
between the verbal answer and the challenge. It was not
conducted under my advice. If any person asserts that I
saw it, I should be unwilling to contradict him, so uncertain
s my memory about it. I have no doubt that, if I did not see
t, I was informed of its purport at the time I suggested a
modification of the challenge.
Any communication which was made to me concerning
the affair, was received by me with regret. I was sorry that
it was broached to me at all; but Mr. Graves was my friend,
my colleague in Congress, and my messmate, and I could not
decline receiving from him any communication touching his
honor and interest, which he might think proper to make.
And I admit, without any reservation whatever, that on all
the points of the controversy respecting which he asked my
opinion, I gave it to him freely, according to the best of my
And now, having made such answer to your note as I think
becomes me, I will add a few observations more.
In consequence of a slight indisposition, I did not leave my
house during the day of the duel. I never saw the arms with
which the parties fought. Not having been on the ground
of combat, I cannot be held responsible for any of the occur-
I have never joined in any censure of you for the part ynou
bore in the conflict, or for your conduct previous to it, or on
the ground. On the contrary, I was glad that the honor and
life of my friend were under the care of one that I regarded
so competent to guard both. I never hesitated to believe
that you served him with zeal and fidelity, without any de-
parture from the line of honor towards his lamented antagonist.
In the investigation in the House of Representatives which
enseed after the fatal catastrophe, no attempt was made to
implicate me. None was made in the subsequent publications
under your signature, to which it gave rise. During all that
time, and, until recently, you stood in amicable relations to
ame. You have, without any cause l|own to me, thought
proper to establish different and inimical relations between
us. Since this change, and during this session of Congress,
in the manner to which I have already adverted, for the first
time within my knowledge, the attempt has been made to fix
the blame and responsibility of the duel upon me. Whether
you have originated or been accessory to this attempt, your
heart can best tell, and the public can best judge.
I am, with proper respect and consideration,
Your obedient servant,
The Hon. HENRY A. WisE. H. CLAY.
[The following memorandum was made by Dr. Linn :
"' Received from Mr. Clay in the morning March 1st, 1842, and
handed to Mr. Wise on the 2d of March. L. F. LINN."J
This letter of Mr. Clay proves-
1st. That he was consulted with by Mr. Graves, after he
bore the note of Webb, and before Mr. Graves addressed his
first letter to Mr. Cilley.
2J. That he advised, as I have stated, that Mr. Cilley's
verbal answer was satisfactory, and "such as to absolve Mr.
Graves from all obligation to pursue the affair further."
3d. That he advised Mr. Graves that to guard against
future misunderstanding and misrepresentation, it was desira-
ble that Mr. Cilley should put in writing what he had ver-
4th. That Mr. Graves was his friend, his colleague in Con-
gress, and his messmate; that he could not decline commun-
ing with him on a point of his honor and interest,; and that
on all the points of the controversy respecting which Mr.
Graves asked his opinion, he gave it to him freely, according
to the best of his judgment.
5th. That he sketched the draught of a challenge for him
(Mr. Graves) in his (Mr. Clay's) own handwriting, ".which
would admit of an amicable adjustment."
2.h. That the terms of the duel were stated and explained
to him, (Mr. Clay,) probably by me.
7th. He was informed of the purport of the correspond-
ence, if he did not see it; and he does not say positively that
he did not see it.
8th. He knew that Mr. Graves had met with difficulty in
getting a rifle, though he was not informed of either time or
place of the meeting.
9th. He concurs with the statements of Charles King and
R. Johnson, which say that he could do no more than advise
them to inform the civil authorities, because he was too much
lnathe confidence of Mr. Graves to do so himself.
And here, upon this first error of Mr. Graves's letter, I rest
on the testimony of this one witness.
Error 2.-" Now, although you, Mr. Crittenden, Mr. Me-
nefee, and myself, were boarding together, Mr. Crittenden
knew not a word of the difficulty until about ten or eleven
o'clock of the night before the meeting, when Mr. Menefee
and myself, and I think Mr. WVise, went after him at Mr.
Joseph Gales's, where he and his family were spending the
Now, this error of Mr. Graves would seem unimportant;
but I have repeatedly said and published, as I do again, that
I went to bed early on Friday night, the 23d, say about IP
o'clock, to avoid getting a gun ready by the time of 12 o'clock
the next day, and to form a fair pretext for postponing the
meeting, in order to afford an opportunity to arrest the par.
ties. This statement could not be true, if what Mr. Graves
says is correct.
In the first place, then, he speaks doubtingly. Who were
the other witnesses who could best testify on this point '
Messrs. Crittenden and Menefee, who did go with Mr.
Graves, and Mr. John C. Rives, to whom they went to bor-
row a rifle. Mr. Menefee and Mr. Graves went after Mr.
Criltenden at Mr. Gales's, and thence the three went to pro-
cure a rifle.
Introduce, then, first, Mr. Crittenden. [See the forego-
ima letter from him.]
Secondly, Mr. Menefee. Ho is dead; but his testimony,
recorded by the duel committee, says: With the assistance
of another friend of Mr. Graves, a rifle was procured at mid-
night. It was in bad order, not having been used, as we
were assured by the person who furnished it, for more than
a year and a half. At 2 o'clock it was supposed to be in a
condition to be used in practising, at least; and the fact was
communicated to Mr. Wise."
Here, then, was but" another friend," besides himself, of
Mr. Graves. Mr. Crittenden says it was himself. It could
not have been me, as the fact would not have been "commu-
nicated" to me at 2 o'clock at night, as it was, by Mr. Mene-
fee, who awoke me out of a sound sleep.
The other witness on this point is Mr. John C. Rives, the
man from whom the rifle was procured. In answer to inqui-
ry from me he addressed to me the following letter, to wit:
WASHINGTON CITY, FEBRUARY 28,184%.
Sin: I have received your letter dated the 26th instant,
propounding to me five specific questions, and one general
question, in regard to the duel fought on the 24th day of Feb-
ruary, 1838, between Messrs. Graves, of Kentucky, and
Cilley, of Maine. I shall answer it without recapitulating
your questions, believing that the shortest and most intelligi-
ble way for me to make myself understood.
My rifle was borrowed on the night of the 23d February,
1838, by the Hon. John J Crittenden and the Hoen. Mr.
Menefee; the former then a Senator, and the latter a member
of the House of Representatives of the United States, from
the State of Kentucky, for the purpose of being used in the
duel mentio.ned abvse. They did not tell me what they
wanted with the gun, but I afterwards understood from the
Hon. John Calhoon, then a member of Congress from Ken-
tucky, who was present when the duel was fought, that my
rifle was used by Mr. Graves, and I have no doubt of it, as I
have never heard it contradicted. They applied to me for it
between 10 and 11 o'clock at night; but I being from home
when the application was made, and the rifle being at my
house, and its accoutrements at fha Globe office, it was near
12 o'clock at night before they obtained all. You were notan
applicant for the rifle, nor do I recollect to have seen or heard
from you from the time the challenge was carried until after
the duel was fought.
I possess no other knowledge on the subject that I deem
pertinent. Respectfully, JOHN C. RIVES.
Hon. HENRY A. WiSa,
House of Representatives.
This testimony, I presume, is conclusive on this point.
To show that the grounds I now lake concerning the part
which I and others bore in this unfortunate duel are no new
grounds, and not taken of late, because of any change of re-
lations between Mr. Clay and myself, I subjoin the following
letter from Dr. Foltz, who was the surgeon of Mr. Graves,
and who attended him on the ground, to wit:
BALTIMORE, FEBriaUARY 28, 1842.
DEAR SIR : I havejust concluded reading your statement in
this morning's Intelligencer, relative to the meeting of Messrs.
Graves and Cilley, which I have long been looking for, and
which I am happy to see at length placed before the public.
Early on the morning after the duel you informed me, in
your room at Mrs. .=uean's, that you *ere opposed to the
meeting, and that you thought that it might have been avoid-
ed, but older heads than yours had been consulted and their
advice followed; that you as a friend could not decline bear-
ing the challenge, and that you accompanied Mr. G, on the
grounil with a conviction that he would be shot.*
From that moment to the present time I was convinced
that you were treated with injustice; but as that conversation
was confidential, I was unable of course to correct the impres-
sion which had gone abroad.
My connexion with the affair was entirely professional,
and as I have frequently served on similar occasions, my ef-
forts there, as elsewhere, were directed towards the side of
humanity, and to meit has always been a source of regret that
any portion of my testimony should ever have been made use
of for political purposes. If I have erred in any portion of
my testimony, it was from an imperfect recollection, as it was
given in without consultation with any individual, antd not
deeming that it could possibly be of any consequence to either
party. Mr. Graves I had known intimately, and 1 have never
met with one-whose amiability of character ad cheerfulness
of disposition were better calculated to make friends, and he
will, 4 am convinced, upon reflection fully confirm your very
clear statement of this morning.
You will' believe me, I trust, when I assure you that I am
glad to see this long standing error corrected, while I remain
very truly, your most obedient servant,
J. M. FOLT .
To the Hon. HENRY A. WISE, of Virginia.
This letter was addressed to me voluntarily on his part;
and, as a further piece of spontaneous evidence which came
to me last night, without any seeking on my part, I subjoin
the following extract from an editorial in the Native Ameri-
can Bulletin, published at St. Louis, Missouri, by Vespasian
Ellis, E&q. formerly of the Senate of Virginia, who knew me
well whilst he lived in my native county :
THE DUEL or GRAvEs AND CILLEY.-Allusion having been
frequently made of late to this duel, in, connexion with the name
of Henry A. Wise, we copy the following editorial ot the Rich-
mond Whig, (opposed to Mr. Wise politically,) and also the re-
ported remarks of Mr. Wise made on the floor of Congress a few
days ago, for the purpose of showing that very improper impres-
sions have been made by the enemies of this gentleman in ref-
erence to his conduct in this matter.
We will add that, having heard both from the lips of Mr.
Wise and from several others who ware conusant of the facts,
all the particulars of that transaction within a few days after its
occurrence, we have no hesitation in saying that he ought not to
be held in any manner responsible, either for the manner in
which it wase conducted or for its consequences. He was only
unjust to himself in permitting his private friendship for Mr.
Graves to carry Ihim to the field as his lifeguard, in an affair
which hlie was not permitted *o direct.
I have written also to General George W. Jones, of Wis-
consin, who was the second of Mr. Cilley, to answer inqui-
ries touching the imputations of Webb that the time and
place of the meeting were changed by me and my associates
to deceive Mr. Clay. His answer is immaterial now, and it
shall be published when it reaches my hand.
As to the third issue-the charge made by Mr. Adams
that linstigated the duel of Graves and Cilley-need I do
more than to point to the foregoing array of evidence, parti-
cularly to the letter of Mr. Clay, to vindicate not only myself
but any one else from so base an aspersion, and to sustain
the full statement, in every material point, which I have here-
tofore addressed to Mr. Graves 's
No ; no dispassionate, just, and generous mind will hence-
forth, can hereafter, harbor a suspicion of such a crime against
me or any body else, alike detracting to Mr. Graves as to any
friend of his, and alike unjust to him and to all of his friends
and advisers. It is only to be regretted, and a little humilia-
ting, that, from the reserve of some of his friends in the past,
and from the mistakes of the world as to the true history of
the duel, there should be any apparent contest now a to who
is the guilty man of an imputed offence against all Me laws
of honor and humanity, of which no man is guilty. Of giv-
ing Mr. Graves their advice, when he sought it and needed it,
many of his friends were guilty, if that was an offence. I gave
him mine ; M'r. Clay gave him his; and his was adopted and
pursued by Mr. Graves only because his judgment was es-
teemed the sounder, his experience the more to be relied on,
his reasons the stronger, and his authority the best. Why
should the public be troubled with this private affair any
longer I Respectfully, HENRY A. WISE.
WASHIUNGTON, MARcH 4, 1842.
The conviction here spoken of by Dr. Foltz arose only from
the fact that Mr. Cilley was a very good shot and Mr. Grave was a
very bad one. HENRY A. WISE.
W W. CIIESTER & Co., Carpet Dealers, No. 191
Broadway, New York, having a large stock of Royal,
Wilton, Saxony, and Brussels Carpeting, ENGLISH FLOOR
CLOTHS, of the latest patterns, as well as some very well sea-
soned, besides other articles in their line, will sell at retail at very
Families commencing housekeeping can find every thing, from
the richest Royal to the lowest priced Ingrain, at prices lower than
they can obtain similar goods elsewhere in this country.
WATCHES AND JEWELRY VERY LOW.-
The subscriber is selling all descriptions of Gold and Sil-
ver Levers, Anchor ,Escapement, Duplex, Lepine, and Verge
Watches, Diamond Pins and Rings, Gold and Silver Pencils, Gold
Chains, Keys, &c., at retail, lower than at any other place in the
city. Gold Watches as low as $10 to $40 each. Watches and
Jewelry exchanged or bought. All Watches are warranted to
keep good time, or the money returned. Watches repaired in
the best manner, at mtouch less than the usual prices, by one of the
finest workmen in America. GEORGE C. ALLEN,
Importer of Watches and Jewelry, wholesale and retail, 30 Wall
street, up stairs, New York. feb 9-2aw2mif
P*1O LET.-The first floor and cellar of the warehouse oc-
l cupied by Messrs. Noyes & Son. Possession given im-
mediately. Inquire of the subscribers adjoining.
mar 5-ifif [Globe] RYON & CATLETT.
C MARRIAGE HORSES FOR SALE.-A pair of very
large and gentle Carriage Horses, well broke, and in good
order, and perfectly sound, can be had by any gentleman who
may want such, on application to the subscriber.
R. W. DYER & CO.
mar 5-3tif Auctioneers.
N NURSERY AT LINNtUAN HILL, near WasIl-
in getn, D. C-The subscriber, Proprietor of the above
Nursery, informs the Public that he continues to keep a large
stock of Trees, Shrubs, and Plants. He has now a large stock
of Apple and Peach Trees, well selected; also, Cherry, Plum,
Pear, Apricot, and Quince Trees, with a variety of garden fruit,
such as Gooseberry, Currant, Raspberry, and Strawberry.
Amongst the Strawberries are a quantity of Hovey's celebrated
Seedling, at $2 per dozen; Southberry Seedlings, at 01 per dozen.
Amongst the Ornamental Shade Trees are a large stock of the
true Root or Sugar Maple, of all sizes, and beautiful growth.
Persons planting htrgely, or buying to sell again, will be furnished
at reduced prices.
Also, Ailanthus, or Tree of Heaven; Abele, or Silver Poplar;
Lindens, both American and European ; Sliver Maples, Tulip
Poplars, Ash, Aspins, Elms, &oc. &c., well grown and suitable for
The stock of Ornamental Evergreens is large and of fine
growth, consisting of a variety of Firs, Pines, dc., whichlr to in-
sure their living, will be taken upa and packed with balls of earth
to their roots.
The green-hotise department itas received particular attention ;
the collection of plants is choice and extensive. Cut Flowers
will at all times be furnished. They can be neatly packed in
small boxes, and forwarded by railroads, steamboats, or stages,
with perfect safety.
All orders for Trees, Shrubs, Plants, or Flowers, directed to
the Proprietor, or left at the Seed-store of 3. F. Callan & Co.,
will receive early and prompt attention. Catalogues can be had
of J. P. Callan & Co., or on application to
feb 26-eo6tif [Globe] JOSHUA PEIRCE.
S EMOVAL.-PERRY & ASHBY respectfully inform
I their friends and customers that they have removed their
stock of Dry Goods to the store-room recently occupied by
Messrs. Wingerd and Bradley, six doors west of Seventh street,
opposite the Centre Market.
mar l-4tif [Glo. & Alex. Gaz j
PRING FASHION, 1812.-0. FISH & CO. willin-
Stroduce the New York spring fashion for gentlemen's Hats
this day. Brown's Hotel, 2 doors west of the main entrance.
EGROES WANTED.-The subscriber wishes topur-
chase immediately a number of Negroes, for which he
will pay the highest cash price. He can at all times be found at
the corner of 7th street and Maryland avenue. All communica-
tions addressed through the post office will be promptly at-
dec 30-diftf JOSHUA STAPLES.
INE ENGLISH THREAD LACES, EDG-
INGS, AND INSERTINGS.-Mrs. S. PARKER
will open this day one cartoon ofuie Thrad Laces, Edgings, and
Iasertings, of the most fashionable patterns andbeautiful styles,
whic4 she will sell very cheap.
Alp 10 dozen Corsets, made after the most approved French
lies long Kid and Net Gloves and Mits
Sier Cord and Tassels, Artificial Flowers
r I d Ornaments for Ihe hair
With a general assortment of ball goods
10 dozen Gentlemen's white Kid Gloves. feb 22-6tif
WAStiN(4TOIr AND ALfiXA!InIA OAT.
.< ff- Trips of the steamboat JOSEPH
JOHNSON during the week ter-
minating on Sunday evening next,
Marbh 13, viz.
Leave Alexandria- Leave Washington-
At 8ando 10 A.M. At S9and 11 A.M.
And 3 P.M. And at 4 P. M.
She will also make a daily trip between Alexandlriaand George-
town, leaving Alexandria at 12 o'clock M. and Georgetown, re-
turning at 1 o'clock P. M.
Passage 121 cents in specie, or 26'cents in paper.
mar 7-6t IGNATIUS ALLEN. Captain.
H ILL'S BENL.FIT.-A CARD.-G. H. HILL, Co-
median, respectfully announces to the Ladies and Gentle-
men of Washington that his'benefit and last appearance this season
will take place at he National Theatre on Monday evening, March
7, when will be presented the comedy of" Town and Country," in
which Miss REYNOLDS, Mr. A. ADDAMS, and Mr. HILL will appear.
After which, Mr. HILL will give a variety of imitations. Songs by
Miss RBYNOLDS, &c. &c. The whole to conclude with the inter-
esting and successful drama of "Caspar Hauser," in which Mr.
Hill and Miss Reynolds will appeal. mar 7-It
ELEGANT PEARL CAtD CASES ; also, the Tor-
toiae Shell Case. A few this day received at
mar 7 MORRISON'S Bookstore.
j EW BOOKS.-Cheap edition of Harry Lorrequer, How-
a it's Visits to remarkable places, Cecil, a Peer, Boz' works,
cheap edition, and many others too numerous to mention. This
day received at
mar 7 MORRISON'S Bookstore:
EARLY SEED POTATOES, APPLES, AND
FEEBD.-7 barrels Lang Island earliest seed Potatoes,
expressly for seed
1.000 bushels white Northern Mercer do. first rate for seed or
Yet on hand a small lot choice New York winter Apples
10 bushels Blood Beets, elegant for pickling, seed, &e.
20 barrels line Red Onions
600 bunches or strings do
5 casks Cider, and more to arrive soon
I barrel superior northern Broom-corn Seed
1,000 bushels heavy Shipstuff
1,000 do do Brownstuff
1,000 do do Shorts
Corn, Cornmeal, Rye Chop, Oats, and Cut Straw
All for sale at low prices for cash, and to suit the present hard
times, on Seventh street,opposite the National Intelligencer office.
mar 7-eolw B. FORD, Agent.
URE AND OLD PORT WINE.-One butt has
S been put into the hands of the subscriber by a gentleman
who received It as a present from his friend in Oporto. It has
been tasted by good judges, and pronounced to be a very superior
article. It can be had by the demijohn at $4 per gallon at No. 3
mar 7- eo3t [Bait Sun] EDW. SIMMS.
DESIRABLE BUSINESS STANDFOR RiKNT.
-- The store-room, between 9th and 10th streets, at present
occupied as a lottery office by J. H. Ritter, will be for rent on tha
18th of the present month. By connecting the back room it
would make one of the most desirable store-rooms in the city-
being 40 feet deep. The dwelling part of the house will also be
for rent in a short time. For terms, &c., apply to
mar 7-3t Cornerof 6th street.
Orplhans' Court, February 22, 1812.
District of Columbia, Washington county, to wit:
IRDERIED, on application, that the administratrix of
0 Victor Byer, deceased, sell at auction the personal estate
of said deceased on the following terms, viz. cash on all sums of
and under $25; and a credit of sixty days on all sums above $25 ;
taking notes with good endorsers, bearing interest from day of
sale, first giving notice of day of sale by advertisement three
times previous to day of sale.
Test: ED. N. ROACH,
? Register of Wills.
The sale ordered above will take place on the 21st of March
instant, mar 7-eolw
PIANOS.-Just received by the schooner President, a su-
perior Piano Forte, from the manufactory of Messrs. Stodart,
Worcester & Dunham. The bass is most superb, so as to corres-
pond to the metallic plate in the treble. One mere was expected,
but as this firm seems to take the lead, orders cannot be so quick-
ly executed, which is all for the best," as Pope says, as the cir-
calating medium has not as yet found its proper level; some mo-
ney being too high and other too low. On account of the Fiscal
Agent having got its dose, and the National Bank not being eon-
eidered a national blessing, the exchanges bold on firm at present
in supplanting the Exchequer, and we must wait patiently for the
Piano Wareroom on H street.
mar 4-eo3tif F. A. WAGLER.
EiRFUMERY.-S. PARKER is opening another read
case of French perfumnery, containing every variety of perlk
fume for the handkerchief and toilet, washing Soap, fine Oil, Col-
Creams, Toilet Powder, Ox Marrow, Pomade, Lip Salve, & .
Also, 20 dozen Guerlain Shaving Cream, in large and small
pots, genuine. Gentlemen who shave themselves and do-not use
this shaviag cream are certainly behind the improvement and
comforts of the times. On hand, a few boxes of very superior
Cologne, (Farina.) feb 12-6tif
M IRS. M. N. GAMDNER'IS genuine Indian Balsam
of Liverwort and Hoarhound, for coughs, colds, &c.
It is, without any exaggeration or exception, one of the greatest
discoveries ever made in this part of the country. It has saved,
within two years, hundreds from the grave. It has been sent for
from all parts of the country that have the least knowledge of its
glorious effects for such a simple vegetable compound. It has
been found to be extremely efficacious in the following diseases
viz: Consumptions, common coughs, 'colds, hooping cough, dif-
fioulty of breathing, asthma, influenza, quinvsy, phthisic, spitting
of blood, croup, weakness, pain in the side, want of sleep, &c.
Likewise, there is nothing existing so good for the liver complaint
as this medicine : it has been taken with great success. This bal-
samn, for all complaints of this kind, exceeds all preparations ever
offered to the public. In the country where it bhas been adminis-
tered, if has bad most wonderful, yes, wonderful effects. There
could be hundreds ef certificates mentioned, where it has proved
itself a perfect and safe remedy for all these complaints.
N. B. The public are particularly cautioned to inquire for Mrs.
M N. Gardner's Genuine Indian Balsam of Liverwort and Hoar-
hound, as there is an article offered to the public that is not gen-
uine. Likewise be particular that the white wrapper is signed
M. N. Gardner, and the red label outside, as a security against
counterfeits, by the proprietor.
For sale at the drug store of Z. D. Gilman, (late Todd's,) sole
agent for the District. feb 24-dlwif&dlw
0. FISH & Cox's. SPRING STYLE FOR GEN-
OTICE.-The subscribers respectfully announce to the
gentlemen of Washington and its vicinity, that they propose
on Thursday, 3d of March ensuing, to introduce the Spring fashion
for Gentlemen's Hats. The unprecedented favor and popularity
which their last model obtained both here and at the city of New
York, and the care bestowed in the preparation of the style
about to be submitted, induces the subscribers to believe that the
"Spring style" will meet with a favorable reception. Tha
shape, although differing from the last in its general appearance,
will commend itself to the gentleman of taste for its elegance and
exact symmetrical proportions. It is worthy of especial remarks
that the form and arrangement ofthe brim no less than that of the
crown, will farm a distinctive feature in the coming fashion; the
object aimed at will be to impart a graceful and unique character
to the hat, and at tha same time to adapt, with appropriateness
the size and style of the brim to the features of the wearer.
The subscribers would only add that the Spring style will be
introduced in the city bythem simultaneously with their establish-
ment in Broadway, New York, and it is hoped that this decided
advantage will be appropiated generally by the fashionable comn-
munity. 0. FISH & CO.
Fashionable Hatter., Penn. Avenue, Brown's Hotel.
SPLENDID LOTTERIES FOR MARCH.
J. G. Gregory & Co. Managers.
13 drawn numbers in each package of 22 tickets.
VIRGINIA WELLSBUORG LOTTERY,
Class B, for 1842.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. Saturday, March 12, 1842.
1 prize of 825,000 1 prize of $1,750
1 do 10,000 1 do 1.500
1 do 5,000 10 do 1,000
I do 2,000[ 15 do 500
&c. &e. &c.
Tickets only $10 -Halves $5-Quarters #2 50,
Certificates of packages of 22 wholes $100
Do do 22 halves 5e
Do do 22 quartets 25
.0,000 dollars-2,O000 dollars. tS, -- 54 l? -
Class No. 4, for 1842.
To be drawn at Alexandria, D. C. on SATUaDAY, March 1S.
1 grand capital of 860,000 3 prizes of $4,000
1 splendid prize of 25,000 5 do 3,000
1 do 15,000 5 do 2,000
I do 12,000 j 10 do 1,500
1 do 10,000 20 do 1,250
1 do 9,000 50 do 1,000
1 do 7,000 50 do 500
S do 6,666 133 (any 3 nos.) r' 400
2 do 5,000 dc. &c. &c.
78 number lottery-13 drawn ballots.
Tickets only $20-Halves S10-Quarters 35-Eighths 82 50.
Certificates of packages of 26 Wholes $280
Do do 26 Halves 140
SDo do 26 Quarters 70
Do do 26 Eighths 35
35,294 Dollars-Nctt 30,000 Dollars.
VIRGINIA MONONGALIA LOTTERY,
Class D for 1842.
To be drawn In Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, March 26th, 1842.
3,1294 dollars-Wett 30,000 dollars.
1I1,764 dollars--Nett 10,000 dollars.
1 prize of $6,001) 1 prize of 62,500
1 do 6,000 1 do 2,361
I do 3,000 50 prizes of $1,000
&c. &c. &o.
Tickets $10- -Haives $5--Quirter 92 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 wholes 130
Do do 25 halves 65
Do do 26 quarters 32 60
For tickets and shares or certificates of packages in the abovo
splendid lotteries, address
J. G. GREGORY.& CO. Maagerg,
Drawings sent immediately after they are over to all who order
as above, feb 23-2aw2wd&cpif
- ~- ,...4- 5. 9 .5.
Is THE UrnoN.-A friend writing from Boston nays: We
as 'launch, this campaign, the great question of repeal ef the
' Union, and mean to carry it through the Commonwealth.
SMassachusetts must no longer be compromised. We cannot
Conscientiously keep the cumpart our fathers made; and
Therefore we must ask for its peaceable repeal.' Our friend
seems to think that this communication will take us by sur-
prise; but it is more than two years since we came to the
conclusion that there was no other way for the free States
to clear themselves of being accomplices in tremendous guilt."
The above paragraph is from the National An-
.ti.Slavery Standard, published by the American
Anti-Slavery Society at New York, and speaks,
we suppose, the sentiments of the Abolitionists,
or a large portion of them, at the East.
We apprehend no danger, in this free land of
ours, even from the fiery energy of fanaticism,
marked, as is its course, in the history of the past,
by evil and blood. But it is altogether idle longer
to tolerate its ravings on a subject which every man,
looking at the interests of the present and the fu-
ture, ought to- consider hallowed. We launch, this
campaign, the great question of the repeal of the
Union, as if this question were a common every-
day affair! We cannot conscientiously keep the
compact our fathers made, as if that compact could
be repealed without tremendous evil to all I
But the plan of these New England and New
York Abolitionists is, that this repeal of the Union
is necessary to clear them of being accomplices in
the tremendous guilt of slavery. What nonsense
Why this argument, carried out, would break up
society anywhere. Who accuses them ? Have
we not from them argument, protest, petition,
warning, appeal ? What morecan they do ? Slave-
ry is a State institution ; it is-under the control of
the Slates, above the power even of Congress ; and
yet these madmen would cleave this Union be-
cause they, forsooth, cannot rid-not themselves,
for it does not touch them, but-the country of it.
We have spoken freely of the unwise course of
Southern men on this subject. We have stated
that on the subject of the right of petition and lib-
erty of speech we will not yield a jot; but never
for a moment can we tolerate any effort, come
from what quarter it may, which deliberately sets
to work to agitate the question of a repeal of this
Union. Political fanaticism is no excuse. Reli-
gious fanaticism is no excuse. It should be met
at once, stamped as the ribald spirit of madness,
and hooted from the land, with its advocates, as
the foulest foe to freedom.- Cincinnati (0.) Gaz.
TnE RESULT.-When the mariner at sea watches
the uprising of the small cloud, he views it as the
omen of a coming storm ; and he prepares to meet
it. Anon the small specks form into a lurid mass,
and volumes of vapor, like the flying fragments of
a routed army, are driven forth from its bosom by
the bellowing wind, covering the heavens with a
pall as dark as midnight's gloomy hour. Then
comes the raking gale, and the mad billows are
covered with foam, and their short combing roll
shatters the stoutest bark. When the quick gale
subsides, the evidences ofits power are visible on
every shore, in the form of dismantled ships and
hopeless wrecks. 0
How true a picture this of our country for the
last ten years I At that day the seeds of locofoco
destructiveness were but as the small speck in
the heavens, scarcely perceptible to the eye of the
careless observer, and little dreaded but by those
political pilots who viewed the small speck as the
forerunner of evil. Anon it spread ; the seeds be-
gan to spring up in every part of the country
among the.unprincipled and vicious. Ere long,
the gathering clouds of agrarianism began to look
gloomy and portentous, and their driving masses
-avere overshadowing all the land, and excluding
ti'e beams of truth and patriotism. And then the
stotr,'o burst, sweeping down before it every mark
of public morality, and driving and rioting over
the Unio'o with all the force that the evil passions
of sordid jxnd vicious men could master. The
storm has no, yet' subsided; but now, when every
thing has bee1 swtept before it, and nothing re-
mains as a victim to itb fury, we can see the wreck
it has caused. Morality, Jbusiness, confidence be-
tween man and man, every jhing upon which we
prided ourselves as a nation, have been hurled
down, trodden under foot, groulid in the dust,
until scarcely a vestige of our former glory remains.
Good men should never cease rebuking this wan-
ton and dangerous spirit.- Green co. TorcA Light.
In spite of all that we are suffering, and all that
we must expect tq suffer, from the effects of the
mad and mischievous measures of the last Admin-
istration, we cannot help being amused at the ra-
bid hostility of the press which advocated those
measures against the banks-denouncing them as
swindling shops, a curse, a disgrace, an incubus,
the authors of all the disorders of the currency,
and the consequent sufferings-Of the people. Poor
fellows! Like Saturn, they are devouring their
own children, the offspring of their wise "experi-
ments." Fight away at the banks, gentlemen!
Your experiments on the currency brought the
larger number of them into existence, and you
have the best right to abuse and denounce them.
We never heard a complaint uttered against the
banks up to the time your party came into power.
We had no more of them than were admitted to
be useful and indispensable. We had then the
best currency that ever was known, and the Peo-
ple, without one exception in the whole mass of
thirteen millions, were content with it. But the
great idol of the "democratic" party undertook
to convince them that he could give them a bet-
ter; and (without going into particulars which
are now somewhat trite) here we are, flat on our
backs, crushed by the fruits of his "experiments,"
and gasping for breath.-Norfolk (Va.) herald.
FIINE ARTS.-The Committee of Management of the
Apollo Association for the promotion of the Fine Alts in the
United States, hereby offer the sum of five hundred dollars for the
best Historical Picture, of cabinet size, the work of an American
artist, the subject of which to be of a national character, which
shall be presented to them by the first day of September next.
This picture is designed to be engraved far distribution among
the members of the association; the object of which is to encour-
age American artists, as well as to increase and improve public
r55te. The committee therefore respectfully solicit, and confi-
dently rely upon, the co-ooperation and efforts of the artists of our
country, to enable them to publish a work which shall do honor to
American art, and serve to elevate the standard of taste.
As the committee, however, are determined to put forth nothing
unworthy of the art, or the object of the association, they are com-
)elled to reserve the liberty of rejecting all that may be offered,
liould there be none in their opinion worthy of the distinction or
By order of the Committee of Management.
JOHN P. tIDNER, Corresponding Secretary,
.mar 7--2aw6w New York.
IMPERIAL RENOVATOR, for extracting stains occa-
sioned by grease, oil, &c., from silks, satins, crapes, merinos,
ussimeres, fine woollen cloth, and ladies' dresses of every de-
sription, without doing the least Injury to either gloss,.color, or
qality, let the same be whatever it may. For sale at b0 centa a
eke (half the usual price) at GILMAN'S (late Todd's) Drug
Srre. mar 7-3t
KINNE'S EDITION OF BLACKSTONE AND
KENT'S COMMENTARIES. reduced to Qtes-
tifs and Answers ; the two works bound together. Price re-
dued to $3 50, for the volume containing both works. For sale
(aew copies only) by P. TAYLOR. mar 7
TAMES PHALEN & CO. Managers' Office.
Corner of 6th street and Pennsylvania avenue.
CEORGETOWN LOTTERY OF DELAWARE,
CLass No. 29, FOR 1842,
To be drawn at Wilmington, Delaware, Monday, March 7, 1842.
1 prize of 1 1,000 is $11,00O
1 do 2,500 2,500
I do 1,286 1,286
2 do 1,00 1,000
20 do 500 10,000
60 do 100 6,000
TO do 80 5,600
"i3q do 60 18,60
78 No. Lottery- 15 drawn ballots.
Whole tickets $4, Halves 2, Quarters 1.
MEssM. EM'TOa: We hear from all quaattrs eiarks
upon the extraordinary character of the present season. This,
to be sure, is not unusual, for every season, as it rolls over,'
is denominated by some as the most extraordinary one that
ever did occur. As it may furnish some amusement to your
readers this warm weather, allow me to give you an extract
or two from HORACE W tPaorL's Letters, in which mention
is made of at least equally strange weather in England many
In a letter of the 25th of February, 1750, vol. 2, p. 53,
WtLPOLE writes to his friend MANN as follows: "I am come
' hither (Strawberry Hill) for a little repoae and air. Air in
February will make you smile; yet it Is stric ly true that
'the weather is unnaturally hot: we have had eight months
' of warmth beyond what was ever known in any other caun-
try. Italy is quite north with respect to us."
In another, under date of February 9, 1759rvol. 2, p. 477,
he says: I talked of our sultry weather, and this is no air.
While Italy, I suppose, is buried in snow, we are extin-
'guishing fires and panting for breath. In short, we have
Shad a wonderful winter-beyond an earthquake winter-
'we shall soon be astonished at frost, like an Indian. Shrubs
' and flowers, and blossoms are in all their pride; I am not
' sure that, in some counties, the corn is not cut."
To calm the fears entertained by those who have friends
on board of this vessel, the following is stated as being believ-
ed to be the cause of her detention : Capt. MoRoAN, of the
packet H Hudson, arrived at New York, says that during an
experience of more than one hundred passages across the
Atlantic, he never experienced such tremendous gales from
the westward as between the 6th and 14th February. The
Caledonia was then 10 days out. Now, as the average passage
is about 200 miles per 24 hours, she could with such gales
hardly have made 100 per day. The passage out being 15
days, she would then have consumed two-thirds of her fuel,
and have made only one-third of the distance. 'Consequently
it would have been madness to proceed; for she then would
barely have fuel enough to.carry her back to England. This
would take her from 5 to 6 days. So that she would reach
Liverpool about 20th or 21st. Allow her 3 days to repair,
get fuel and stores, she could not depart before the 24th.
Give her then Ib days out, she would not be due here until
1lth or 12th instant. R.
PROrOSALS FOR IRON.
NAVY CoMMissioNsR's OFFICE, MARCH 5, 1842.
PROPOSALS, sealed and endorsed, will be received at this
office until 3 o'clock P. M. of the 20th of the present month,
for furnishing and delivering, at the Navy Yard, Washington,
District of Columbia, free of charge to the United States, all the
Iron required in the construction ot the following Chain Cables,
Anchors, Tanks, and Cambooses, viz.
CHAIN CABLE IRON.
2,400 fathoms for slet class Sloops of war
1,200 do for 2d class Sloops of war
3,000 do for Frigates
1,200 do for Ships of the line
630 do Addition to sheet cables for ships of the line and
3 d ( frigates, in lengths of 45 fathoms
32 anchors for 1st class Sloops of war
16 do for 2d class Sloops of war
40 do for Frigates
16 do for Ships of the line
8 sets fur Sloops of war
6 do for Frigates
4 do for Ships of the line
6 cambooses for Frigates
6 do for sloops of war
6 do for Small vessels
All the aforesaid Iron must be of the best quality and of Ame-
rican manufActure, without any admixture of foreign iron, and
must be free from all defects whatever.
The deliveries to be in the following proportions and at the fol-
lowing stated periods, viz.
One-third the quantity of the Chain Cable and Anchor Iron to
be delivered on or before the let July next.
One other third part on or before the 1st November next, and
the balance on or before thlie st March, 1843.
One-third part of the Tank Iron to be delivered by lot June
One other third by 1st Nevember next, and the balance by let
And of the Camboose Iron, one-half on or before the ltt June
next, and the other half on or before the 1st August next.
The offers must be separate and distinct, and endorsed, ofler
for Chain Cable Iron, offer for Anchor Iron, offer for Tank
Iran, or qffer for Camboose Iron,(as the case may be.) Each will
be considered and acted up6n separately, and portions of each
will be awarded separately if the Commissioners of the Navy
should deem it proper.
All the aforesaid iron will, on delivery, be subjected to such
proofs, tests, and inspection, as the Board of Navy Commissioners
may authorize or direct, and must be'entirely satisfactory to them
or to the commandant or commanding officer of the said Navy
ersons desirous of offering ts furnish the said iron, or any
portion thereof, (should further information be required to enable
them to make their offers,) are referred to the commandant or
commanding officer of the Navy Yard, Washington, District of
To those persons whose offers may be acceepted particular ache-
dules, drawings, and models, descriptive of the several parts and
portions of each kind of iron required for each object, will be fur-
nished by the Commissioners of the Navy when contracts are
prepared for execution.
Bonds, with two approved sureties, will be required in one-
third the ameurnt of the contracts, and 'en per centum in addition
of thie amount of all bills will bc retained as collateral security
for the faithful performance of the contracts, which will only be
paid on their satisfactory completion. And ninety per centum of
all deliveries will be paid on bills properly authenticated accord-
ing to the provisions of the contracts, within thirty days after their
presentation to the Navy Agent. The offers must state at what
agency the contractor may desire payment to be made.
In case of failure on the part of the contractor to furnish and
deliver the aforesaid irone of the quality and at the times specified
above, the officers or agents at the Navy Yard shall be authorized
to purchase such quantities as may be necessary to supply the de-
ficiencies; and any excess of cost over the price agreed to be
paid by the contract shall be charged to and paid by the con-
nr To be published twice a week in the National Intelligen.
ger, Madisonian, Army and Navy Chronicle, and Globe, Die-
trict of Columbia; and three times a week in the New York Com-
mercial Advertiser apd New York Express; North American and
Pennsylvania Reporter at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania ; Baltimore
Sun and Baltimore American, Maryland; Richmond Enquirer,
Virginia. mar 2-2tawtd
A- & le R ENT, a well-finished two-story frame
dwelling House, with back buildings sufficient for the
S accommodation of a large family, situated on 6th street,
between H and I streets, west aide, now occupied by Mr. George
Dale. Rent $200. Apply to
mar 7-eo3t A. ROTHWELL
UTTER,CLOVE 1 SiED,AND BALED HAY.
50 small kegs No. 1, 2, and 3, Glades Butter
25 bushels prime clean Pennsylvania Clover Seed
50 bales superior Timothy Hay, at $1 per 100 lb.
Received on consignment, and far sale by
W. T. COMFTON,
nmar 7-w3w Water street, Georgetown.
HpHE LOWELL MONTHiLY.-The Lowell Offsr-
ing, a monthly magazine, consisting of original papers
written exclusively by females employed in the mills and facto-
ries at Iowell; published for 81 per annum. Subscriptions me-
ceived at P. TAYLOR'S bookstore, where the woik may be ex-
amined. roar 7
ACTS WOHTH KNOWING.-A positive stay for the
hair falling nut, or to restore it in bald places.
A certain cure for all rheumatism and swelled limbs-no ex-
A certain and positive cure for the piles in all cases.
A warranted cure for all bruises, sealds, and other sores, sad
A beautiful dye for the hair-will not color the skin. War-
Each of these to he had at JAMES M. STOTT'S and GIL-
MAN'S (lete Todd's,) stores, Pennsylvania avenue, and sauh
proofs of these facts as will convince all who will call or send for
The Public may rest assumed there is no fiacy in these asser-
tions. mar 7-eolmif
OR SALE OR RENT, ail lee-house, situated on
Lot No. 28, square C. This House is admirably located
for any one wishing to import loe for sale. For further informa-
tion apply to the subscribers.
JAMES YOUNG, jr. & CO.,
mar 7-eo3t Near the Railroad Office.
RAW- NUMBERS OF THE UNION LOT-
.-TERY, Class Ne. 3, Drawn March 5, 1842.
J. G. GREGORY & CO. Manager.
10 18 45 62 35 67 2 74 65 50 30 29 17
CONSOLIDATED MARYLAND LOTTERY,
Draws in Baltimore.
1 prize of $9,000 15 prizes of $1,000
1 do 4,000 5 do 800
1 do 2.500 5 6 do 600
1 do 1,5775 do 500
&c. &o. &c.
Tickets only $3-Halves $1 50--Ouarters 75 cents.
ON TUESDAY MORNING
CONSOLIDATED MARYLAND LOTTERY
2 capitals of $10,000-2 prizes of $5,000
$2,500-$1,498-15 prizes of $1,000, &c,
Tickets $5.-Halves $2 50-Quarters $1 25.
ON TUESDAY, at 6 o'clock P. M.
THE ALEXANDRIA LOTTERY DRAWS.
14 drawn numbers out of 75.
5 prizes of $600-5 of $300, &c.
Tickets only $3-Halves $1 50-Quarters 75 ctl.
For sale by
J. G. GREGORY & CO. Managers,
Pennsy'vania avenue, next door east of Gadaby's Hotel,
mar 7-d~t Washington city,
FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 1842.
The following memorials and petitions were presented and
By Mr. ARCHER: From E. Evans, for a pension.
By Mr. CLAYTON: From citizens of Pennsylvania,
manufacturers of iron, stating that a duty of twenty per cent.
will not protect their business, and that nothing short of the
duty of 1839 will do so.
On the motion of Mr. BENTON, it was
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Navy be directed to in-
form the Senate what steps, if any, have been taken to carry in-
to effect a joint resolution, passed in September last, for the pur-
chase of American water rotted hemp for the use of the Navy.
On motion of Mr. SEVIER, the Committee on Public
Lands were directed to inquire into the expediency of allow-
ing Fidelia Stevens to enter at the land office 160 acres of
The following resolution of Mr. TAPPAN was taken up for
Resolved, That three hundred and thirty copies of the Land
Laws end Opinions,;print'ed under a rcolution of the Senate of
the 28th of February, 1837, now on hand, be distributed to such
members of Congress as have not received the same, until the
copies are exhausted ; and that the fourteen hundred and fifty
copies of the State papers on the public lands, in. five volumes
folio, be distributed equally amongst the members of Congress, to
be by them distributed in their respective States and Territories.
Mr. BENTON said that for several years the business of
distributing books had occupied much time, and he thought at
the last session of the last Congress it was determined that no
more should be distributed. With regard to the books, he
was willing to have them disposed of, sent to Spain, anywhere,
so that they could get rid of them and not violate a whole-
Mr. TAPPAN said that as it was proposed to distribute
these books among members ofCongress, they would no doubt
send the books to the Universities of the several States. But
he had introduced hisresolution at the suggestion of the Com-
mittee on4-the Library, as the room in which these book were
was wanted as a place of meeting fur one of the committees,
and therefore he thought they ought to be disposed of in some
Mr. KING agreed with the Senator from Missouri that
the time had come when no more books were to be distributed
to members of Congress. In many instances the books had
not been taken home, but were found on the avenue, selling
at one-third their cost. Already there had been a proposition
in another branch to distribute books, and the excuse made
for it was, that if they did not distribute them injustice was
done to the new members. For his own part, he would pre-
.fer that they be sold, or given to colleges or seminaries of
learning. It is true, that would cost something to transmit;
but even that would be better than distributing them among
members. He would never again consent to purchase books
or print books for the use of members of Congress.
Mr. ALLEN said the object uf his colleague was a very
good one, viz. to place the books in somesituation where they
might be useful. He thought it would be well to give them
to the Legislatures of the States, and let them distribute them.
The result would then be that there would be a large accu..
mulation of valuable books at the capital of the States as at
the General Government. The object of his colleague was
simply to dispose of the books so as to make them useful; and
he did not care how that was done, so that object was
Mr. McROBERTS said these books would be of no value
save to members and delegates where the public land lay.
They could be of no earthly value to any man without the
limits cf the public land. They were of no manner of inter-
est to any of the old States, and he would therefore move to
amend the resolution so as to distribute the books among the
nine new States and the three Territories containing the pub-
lic lands, according to the Census of 1840.
Mr. BUCHANAN thought the object of the mover of the
resolution was a most excellent one, and he would vote to get
rid of the books almost on any terms. He had understood
that the Committee on Retrenchment wanted a room, and
that was another reason why these books should be disposed
of, as they took up a room that might be devoted to the uses of
that retrenching committee. He hoped that respectable com-
mittee would commence with its work: they had been dealing
in generalities too long, and must now come down to particn
lars. The expense of the contingent fund was enormous, and
he hoped the committee would commence with that, as the
People were more jealous of what concerned their Represen-
tatives than of any thing else. He shoulJ be glad when all
individual expenses were put a stop to. With the exception
of the Senator from New York, (Mr. WRIGHT,) he believed
he used more paperthan any other, (his correspondence being
such as to take up nearly all his time,) and yet he was satis-
fied that twenty dollars would more than cover the whole ex-
pense. HIe was perfectly willing, however, to dispense with
it. With regard to the books, Mr. B. would almost give the
Senator from Ohio a carte blanche as to his vote, any one be-
ing welcome to his share of the books; but he should not vote
for the amendment of the Senator from Illinois.
Mr. SMITH, of Connecticut, said it did not follow that
because members had no right to these books that they were
to be given to persons along the street; that was equally un-
just; it was avoiding one wrong to do another. They had no
more right to give to individuals or to States than to mem-
bers; they had no business to give them to any body. Let
them be sold, and the money placed in thepublic Treasury.
Mr. CALHOUN was inclined to let the books go to the
new States, where they would be the most valuable. This
whole subjsctfilled him with melancholy reflection. All the
abuses of this printing and other improvident expenditures
had grown out of a surplus fund, which had given rise to
this system of purchasing books fir the use of members. He
was glad to see the disposition that prevailed on all sides to do
away with it, and forever. As the books were already print-
ed and in the way, he should support the amendment of the
Senator from Illinois, and let them be disposed of in that way.
Mr. McROBERTS said the beoks would be of no value
whatever but to the new States.
Mr. MOREHEAD assured the Senator from Pennsylva-
nia (Mr. BUCHtANAN) that the committee would do something
to carry out his suggestions in cutting down all useless ex-
penditures, and would unite cheerfully with that Senator in
all proper retrenchments. With regard to the amendment
before them, he could see no reason for making any discrimi-
nation between the new and old States.
The question was then taken on the amendment; when
there appeared for it 11, against it 14.
The CHAIR announced that a quorum had not voted.
Mr. SEVIER called for the yeas and nays.
Mr. MANGUM said the imputation of voting books for
themselves was personally discreditable to the Senate, and he
moved to lay the whole subject on the table.
Mr. CLAY said, in the present case, the books were here
and paid for. If it were a question involving new expense,
that would be another matter; but then these were lumbering
up a room wanted for other purposes, and ought, therefore,
to be distributed, or disposed of in some way. As to the
modus, that was for the Senate to determine. He protested,
however, against the ground assumed, that the old States had
no interest in these documents relating to the public lands,
and was opposed to any distribution that should be partial
and not general in its operation.
Mr. LINN moved to strike out the words "nine now
States or Territories."
Which motion having been carried, the resolution was
Mr. CLAY said he would now, in accordance with an in-
timation given yesterday, move to postpone the order of the
day relating to the tariff resolutions, &c. until Monday, with
a view to take up the special order on the resolutions res-
tricting the Veto.
Mr. BAYARD asked if that had priority. Thursday
had been the day set apart to take up the bill relating to the
banks of this District, and the Veto resolution was fixed for
Friday. That, at least, was his (Mr. B.'s) understanding
of the motion. If the decision of the Chair was against him,
why he had no more to say ; but if the District bill had pre-
cedence, he should feel it his duty to press for its considera-
tion, because, as the motion then stood, it amounted to an
entire suspension of all the banking business of the District
Mr. ALLEN would correct an error into which the Sen-
ator from Delaware had fallen, to wit: that the entire busi-
ness of the District was suspended because non-specie paying
banks were not permitted to make their issues through those
of this District. There was nothing in the law to prevent
them from receiving raw hides, or chips, or other articles more
valuable in payment of their debts; it only prevented them
from paying out an irredeemable paper among the People.
Mr. BERRIEN desired to say a word in his own defence.
He had come prepared to express his sentiments in rela-
tion to the Veto, under the full conviction that he was enti-
tied to the floor.
Mr. BUCHANAN would cheerfully vote to allow the
Senator from Georgia to proceed. He knew from experience
how unpleasant it was to suffer a speech to get cold, particu-
larly when the Senate was anticipating it. He thought the
Senator from Delaware was mistaken as to the inconvenience
that would be suffered from the want of the passage of the
House bill in relation to the District banks. The People
had as good a currency now as they had had since the sus-
pension, and this was one of the notes, the only kind of mo.
ney he had seen in circulation since his arrival-(reading
from a certificate of deposit of the Patriotic Bank.)
The CHAIR decided that the special order relating to the
Veto had precedence.
Mr. CLAY remarked that he had agreed to accede to the
amendment to the resolution, suggested the other day by the
Senator from Virginia, (Mr. ARCHeR,) viz. that, in the con-
tingency of a return of a bill hom the President, with his
objections to it, instead of the vote being taken upon it by
Congress again at the same session during which it was re-
jected by the President, the vote shall be taken at the suc-
Mr. BERRIEN then rose and addressed the Senate at
length in favor of the general principles of the resolutions,
and particularly as modified at the suggestion of the Senator
from Virginia. When Mr. B. had closed his remarks-
Mr. CLAY said he would be glad to know if any other
Senators desired to address the Senate on the subject of the
Veto, because if they did not, then there was only one, so
far as he knew, who was desirous of doing so. With a view,
therefore, to a#ord that enlator an opportunity, 1e would time of the House, he -epelated, they must re-arraage the
move to postpone the further consideration of the subject un- House with reference to business. They must firing mem-
til Friday next, by which time he hoped to be able to take bets rnearer together-face to face-side by side-where they
the vote on this subject, and on the resolntiona relating to could both see and hear each other. There was, in his opin-
the tariff, &c. ion, no economy whatever in point of time, but there was
. This motion having been agreed to- oppression to those who were obliged to labor out of the
On motion, the Senate went into Executive session, and House in this proposed change of the hour of meeting. He
after some time spent therein, adjourned to Monday. threw out the suggestion, that if the House would now agree
to reconsider the vote on the resolution, and admit the propo-
HU sE O R ESENTATIVE. sition submitted by him last evening-which was simply a
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. proposition to gain information-he thought there would be a
-great saving of time. At all events, he protested for the pres-
SATURDAY, MARCH 6, 1842. 4at, until the mornings became considerably lengthened,
The oural o yeteray ws rad nd aproed, against this change.
The Journal of yesterday was read and approved. The business of the committee to which he belonged (i. e.
DAILY HOUR OF MEETING. the Judiciary) was more important and onerous now than at
Mr. TALIAFERRO (who, unfortunately, can scarcely any period during the session. It was impossible for that com-
be heard at the Reporter's desk) rose, and was understood to mittee, scattered as its members were a distance of a mile to
say, that it would be recollected that several days ago a reso- a mile and a half over the city, to meet at an earlier hour
lution had been adopted, fixing the daily hour of the meeting than 10 o'clock, and what time would they have to transact
of the House, on and after Monday next, at eleven o'clock business between the hour of ten and eleven 1 Wait until
until further notice; and that he had given notice of a motion they could conveniently meet at nine, and then if it suited the
to reconsider. convenience of the House to change the hour of its meeting,
It was always unpleasant to him to go counter to the ex- let it be done.
pressed opinion of the House; but believing, as he did, that Mr. LINN renewed the demand for the previous question.
the same reason which induced the House to fix the daily And there was a second.
hour at twelve o'clock in the commencement of the session And the main question was ordered to be taken.
still continued, lie felt bound to submit the motion of which And the main question, Shall the vote be reconsidered T"
he had given notice. That reason, he believed, was founded was then taken, and decided in the affirmative as follows:
on this consideration: the mornings in December were too YEAS-Messrs. Landaff W. Andrews, Sherlock J. Anidrews,
short to allow a sufficient period of time for the operation.of Aycrigg, Barnard, Barton, Boardman, Bowne, Brewster, Briggs,
the Committees. His impression was that the same reason Burke, Burnell, William Butler, William 0. Butler, Patrick C.
still existed ; and the change (Mr. T..was understood to say) Caldwell, John Camnpbellt,'Childs, J. C. Clark, Clifford, Clintom
had never been made until at least some time after the spring Coles, James Cooper, Cross, Cushing, Garrett Davis, R. D. Da-
vis, Doig, Ferris, J. G. Floyd, C. A. Floyd, Fornance, T. P. Pos-
Mrequinox. remarking that gentlemen had had abundant ter, Gerry, Gilmer, Granger, W. 0. Goode, Gustine, Habersham,
Mr. T. remarking that gentlemen haul had abundant lime Hall, Halsted, John Hastings, Hays, Houston, Howard, Hubard,
to make up their minds since the adoption of the resolution as Hunter. Charles J. Ingersoll, Win. W. Irwin, Jack, Linn, Lowell,
to the propriety of reconsideration, said he would, to avoid Robert McClellan, Mallory, Alfred Marshall, Thomas F. Marshall,
the chance of a debate, move the previous question. Mathews, Meriwether, Miller, Moore, Morgan, Morris, Osborne,
Mr. FILLMORE (not having been able to hear Mr. TAL- Partridge, Pearce, Plainumer, Pope, Alexander Bandall, Randolph,
IAFERRO distinctly) inquired of the Speaker what the motion Reynolds, Rhet, Ridgway, 'tRiggs, Saltonstall, Shaw, William
was. Smith, anyder, Sprigg, Stokely, John T. Stuart, Sweney, Talia-
The SPEAKER having explained- ferrb, Tillinghast, Tomlinson, Triplett, Turney, Underwood, Van
Mr. TALIAFERRO, at thie request of Mr. FILLIMORE, Renaselaer, Washington, Edward D.White, Winthrop, Wise-90.
and on his pledge to renew it, withdrew the mo;ion for the NAYS-Messrs. Adams, Arnold, Atherton, Babcock, Baker,
previ ous ue e t tion. e i th dre t o the Beeson, Black, Borden, Aaron V. Brown, Green W. Caldwell,
Mr. LsMORE the Caid that he desired to call the at- Calhoun, William B. Camphell, Thos. J. Campbell, Cary, Casey,
tension of tIMe Houe to the situation of the public business Chittendlen, Colquit, Cowen, Cranston, Cravens, Dean. Deberry,
tetion of the House to the situation of the pubc business Doean, Eastman, J. C. Edwards, Egbert, Everett, Fillmore,Gamble,
before tihe vote to reconsider was taken. Gates, Gentry, Giddings, Gogein, Patrick G. Goode, Gordon,
He had communications from the War Department, stating Green, Gwin, Win. S. Hastings, Henry, Hophinms, Houck, Hudson,
that the fund bf the Quartermaster's Department was ex- Joseph R. Ingersoll, James Irvin, James, Cave Johnson, Andrew
haunted, and that an appropriation was immediately wanted Kennedy, Lane, Lewis, Littlefield, Abraham McClellan, McKay,
to carry on the war in Florida. He had also communications McKeon, Samson Mason, Mathiot, Matocks, Maynard, Medill,
from the Navy Department, stating that the appropriations of Newhard, Oliver, Owsley, Parmcnter, Pendleton, Powell, Ram-
that Department were also exhausted. And he believed it had sey, Rayner, Reding, Reacher, Rodney, Roosevelt, William Ruis-
been stated a few days since, that one of our vessels now in sell, James M. Russell, Shepperd, Simonton, Truman Smith,
commission, and almost ready to sail, was delayed for want of Steenrod, Stratton, Summers, John B. Thompson, Richard W.
the necessary appropriations. Thompson, Jacob Thompson, Toland, Ward, Warren, Westbrook,
In at this, it was to be borne in mind that more James W. Willianms, Christopher H. Williams, Jos. L.Williams,
In addition to this, it was to be borne in mind that more Augustus Young--89.
than three months of the session had now elapsed, and yet Southe voung-89.
only one general bill had been passed. It was also to be So the vote by which the resolution changing the daily
borne in mind that there was already an amount of business hour of meeting to eleven o'clock had been adopted, was
upon the table that had been prepared by the committee, more reconsidered.
than could be disposed of (even if this House now corn- And the question recurring on the adoption of the said
menced meeting at eleven o'clock) between this time and the resslution-
first of August next. Mr. BARNARD proposed to offer, as an amendment, a
tie knew that the objection to meeting at eleven o'clock proposition, (.the same in effect as that offered by him last
was, that the committees had not time to discharge their du- evening, but not received,) and which is in the following
ties, and that was lthe only objection that could be urged, words:
But he would ask the attention of the House to the fact Resolved, That the Clerk, under the direction of thie Speaker,
that the Committee of Ways and Means was charged with be required to cause a measurement to be made of the floor of this
as much and as laborious business as any committee of the Hall, and a calculation based thereon, with a view to show with-
House; and he would now state that ait was by the unani- in what compass and circle, or space, in front of the Speaker's
chair, the Members may be accommodated on convenient seats,
mous request of that committee, and in view of the import- in case tirhe desks of Members as now used should bce dispensed
ance ofdtsposing of all this business, that he had offered the with ; and that he submit a statement and report to the House on
resolution he did. Not one twentieth, scarce one-fiftieth the subject, with a proper diagram, at as early a day as the same
part of the general appropriation bill, That the Committee of may be prepared; and that the Clerk also cause an examination
the Whole on the state of the Union was now engaged in, to be made, and state to the House whether, in the case contem-
had been passed upon, and the committee was engaged in plated, sufficient and abundant space may not be thrown into a
discussions on that bill of fragments of retrenchment and re- lobby beyond and around the new bar, including the lobby behind
form which would, from present appearances, defer tinal ac- tihe Speaker's chair, to accommodate Membeis with common tables
tion on that bill till the month of June. for writing, and also with a separate box or drawer for the use of
The House had not yet passed on the loan bill. They had each Member.
not yet acted on the appropriation bills. No revenue bill had The SPEAKER having expressed the opinion that the
yet passed ; yet all these things, besides an immense amount amendment, being on a subject different from the original re-
of private bills, were to be acted on, or Congress must ad- solution, was not in order-
journ without doing the business of the country. If the Mr. BARNARD withdrew it.
committees were to meet at nine or half past nine o'clock, And the question again recurring on the adoption of the
they could discharge all the duties imposed upon them, and resolution-
give one hour more to the business of the House. Mr. TALIAFERRO (expressing himself willing to vote
At the extra session they met here almost from tIhe corn- for it in a fortnight hence) moved to lay the resolution on
mencement at ten o'clock. Yet the Committee of Ways and the table.
Means had an amount of business to transact more than was [Cries of" No, no-the lst of April; that is lime enough."]
ordinarily performed at a long session, yet they disposed of Mr. WINTHROP presented a proposition or amendment,
the whole of it. It was true this committee remonstrated (which was read for information,) providing that no motion
against so early an hour of meeting as ten. But their remon- for adjournment should be in order until four o'clock P. M.;
strance was in vain: they were forced to labor early and late and that when a motion to adjourn had been negatived, ano-
to prepare the business for the House; and in lhe present thor motion to the same effect should not be in order until one
state of the country, and under the existing exigencies of the hour afterwards.
business of the country, other committees, he supposed, would The SPEAKER ruled the proposition out of order.
be willing to do thie same thing, and to give one hour more to Mr. TALIAFERRO withdrew the motion to lay the re-
the business of the House. solution on the table, and moved to amend it by striking oat
This, however, was a question for the House and the the words "from and after Monday next," and inserting the
country. He. had nothing further to say; and even this words "from and after the first Monday in April next."
much he had said simply in explanation of his motives for of And Mr. T. moved the previous question.
fearing tho resolution. He was willing that the House should And there was a second.
dispose of it in any way it might think proper. And the main question was ordered.
In accordance with his pledge, Mr. F. renewed the demand Mr. J. G. FLOYD moved to lay the resolution and amend-
for the previous question, ment on the table.
Mr. 6AVE JOHNSON moved that the motion to recon- Which motion was rejected.
sider be laid oa the table, and asked" the yeas and nays on And the question recurring on the main question, (being
that motion; which were refused, first on the amendment)-
And the question being taken, the House, without a divi- Mr. S. MASON asked the yeas and nays, which were
sion,determined that the motion to reconsider should not be refused.
laid on the table. And the question was then taken, and decided in the ni.-
And the question recurring on the demand for the previous gative without a division.
question- So the amendment was agreed to.
Mr. FILLMORE, at the request of Mr. BARNARD, sliad Anrid then the resolution, as amended, was adopted.
by consent of Mr. TALIAPERRO, withdrew the demand for [So the House determined that, on and after the first Moin.
the previous question, dlay of April next, the daily hour of the meeting of the House
And the question recurring on the motion to reconsider- should he eleven o'clock, until otherwise ordered.]
Mr. BARNARD said that he rose to protest against the Mr BARNARD then asked leave to introduce the resolu-
change in the hour of the meeting of the House. He pro- tion above referred to.
tested against it as unreasonable, as having, in his judg- Mr. MORGAN objected, (this being, he said, Private bill
meant, no foundation whatever in reason or in fact; as a day )
proposition which, if carried out in the form in which it was Mr. BARNARD moved a suspension of the rules.
now presented, imposed great and onerous burdens upon The SPEAKER said the motion was not in order, as the
those who were obliged to do the business of this House out House had yesterday ordered a suspension of the rules for
of the House. the purpose of disposing of the
It was asked that this House should meet one hour earlier; REPORT ON RETRENCHMENT.
and for what purpose 2 Did his colleague (Mr. FILLMORE) T c
suppose that, from meeting one hour earlier, it was to follow The House resumed the consideration of the report, of
as a matter of course that the sitting of the House would be the select committee (of which Mr. SUMIaMERS is chair-
one hour longer every day'I That was niot his (Mr. B.'s) man) on retrenchment in the contingent expenses of the
experience, nor did he believe that it was the experience of House.
any member on this floor. The hour of meeting was changed, And the tenth resolution coming up, in the words follow-
and, as sure as this was done, the hour of adjournment was lng, to wit:
changed also. You break in (continued Mr. B.) on the time Resolved, That the Postmaster be further authorized to deliver,
of the morning which should be devoted to business out of for the rise of the several committees of the House, such, station-
the House, try taking one hour away from that time, and ery as may be required for that purpose, by the respective chair-
you break in upon the latter part of the day also as effectual men of such committees, keeping a true and accurate account oh
ly as the early part of the day was broken in upon. The the quantity and cost of all so delivered. The Postmaster shall
ec be at liberty to futrnish stationery for the rise of any committee,
morning is the only time we have to perform labor out of the nxoet b e a lt ing chairman thereof, or to his order, nor t any
House, xett h cigcara hroo oll renrt m
thadse. sd tomonths in one except to the members of the House and its officers.
It had been said that Congress had been three doth Mr. SUMMERS moved to amend the resolution, by add-
session, and it was asked what hadl been done 2 He did not ,, R,,(d"thfnlwowrd*
know what others had done; but tie begged leave to say, by tng after the word Resolved, the following words :
way of justification-a justification which appeared to be ne- h That during the remainder of the present Session each mem-
cessary to himself, if not to other members of the House, in bar should be entitled to receive, under tho preceding resolution,
of wat eeme tohim o b an mpuatio stationery, not exceeding in value, as before provided, 815, in the
consequence of what seemed to him to be an imputation by ^pr ed d ; 'oid sllnh
conseuencemanner therein prescribed. And" din.
his colleague on the industry of the House-he begged leave SUMMERS explained t thi-
to state that he did not believe that it had happened ten times Mr. Splained tha this---
during the winter, from the commencement of the session to here gays the Reporter.-The writing paper of the Reporter
this tlay, that he had been in his bed until after twelve at here gave out; and for what follows of this day's proceedings
night; he did not think it had happened ten times that he he is indebted partly to his memory, partly to subsequent
-had been in his bed after the sun rose in the morning; and consultation of the Journal, and partly to detached memo-
doting the whole of that period, with only the smallest amount randa, taken upon scraps of paper, which he picked up about
of time devoted to relaxation and exercise, (and not enough Ihe lobbies, and some of which were not in the most savory
for those purposes,) he had devoted the whole day, except condition.
about three hours spent in this House, to the public business And, in reference to remarks made in the course of the de-
of the nation. He had not even read a book, scarcely even a bate, as to the extent to which Reporters, &c. had been sup-
line, fbr his own improvement or instruction, except what was plied with paper paid for out of the public Treasury, the Re-
connected with the public business in hand at this session. poorer (having charge of that department of the Intelligen-
And yet he had no doubt the country would suppose (and cer) stales, for general information, that the paper supplied
there would be more reason for the supposition from the re- to him ant those associated with him has never been more
marks of his colleague, and from the fact of a proposition than sufficient, one day with another, to take the requisite
having been submitted to meet at an earlier hour) that really notes of proceedings; that this was felt to be a convenience,
the members of the House had nothing to do except what (and nothing more,) simply because it obviated the necessity
they did here when they met in session, and in presence of of lugging up paper to the Capitol at all times and seasons of
the nation, for the transaction of the public business, the year; that this conrenience has never before, in all he
Who was there here that did not know that all the important changes and revolutions of parties, been taken away; but that
business of legislation was done out of the House t When the deprivation is now cheerfully submitted to, as it is under-
by and by, in consequence of the lengthening of the morn stood that the People of the United States have demand-
ings, from the earlier rising of the sun, it should become more ed it.]
convenient for the House to meet at eleven o'clock rather Mr. SUMMERSs'aamendment having been offered--
than twelve, he should be willing to agree to that arrange- Mr. UNDERWOOD rose, and called for the considera-
ment. But he would say now to the House and to the na- lion of the motion submitted by him yesterday, to reconsider
tion that nothing was gained, in point of time, by meeting the vote adopting the ninth resolution, which is in the fol-
one hour earlier. It was an entire fallacy to suppose so. lowing words :
How long did the sittings of the House ordinarily con- Resolved, That thme Postmaster of the House he, and lie is here-
tinuel Never, except upon very extraordinary occasions, by, authorized and required to deliver to each member of the
more than four hours. Three hours faithfully devoted to the House the usual articles of stationery now furnished to the mem-
public business of the House in its sittings, day by day, was bers,to an amount not exceeding in value, at the cost price in the
enough. Nays he woul go fur andgsay that t stationery room, the sum of $25 for the long session, and 820 for
enough. Nay, he would go further, and say that three hours the short session of Congress; that he keep a true and accurate
devoted, in actual session, to the public business for five days account of all stationery which he may so deliver to the several
in a week, was as much as could be profitably devoted in this members of the House; and if, in any case, a member shall re-
way. If in order, he would desire to offer an amendment to quire and receive a greater amount of stationery during either
the resolution, session than is above provided, the Postmaster shall, before the
The SPEAKER reminded Mr. BARNARDthatthe pending close of such session, furnish to the Sergeant-at-Arms an account
question was on the motion to reconsider, of such excess beyond the amounts tespeotively above specified,
Mr. BARNARD continued. If the House would agree who is hereby required to deduct the amount of such excess from
to reconsider, he would then make a preposition similar to the pay and mileage of such members, and refund the same into
that which he had submitted last evening. If the House de- the Treasury: Provided, That this limitation is not intended to
sired to economize time, when in session, it might do so most be made a.pp!icable to the use of envelope paper which may be
effectually by adopting some such proposition as was eontem- required in the folding room.
plated in the resolution he had then proposed. They could A debate followed, in which Messrs. UNDERWOOD,
never get on with the public business of the House unless MOORE, of Louisiana, WARD, SMITH, of Virginia,
they re-arranged this body with a view to its transaction. (in explanation,) BOARDMAN, CLIFFORD, (in expla-
They must bring the members nearer together. Here was a nation,) BRIGGS, MALLORY, (in explanation,) Me-
Hall in which one thousand men might sit with ease and KAY, BOWNE, MORGAN, J. C. CLARK, (in expla-
convenience. nation,) SUMMERS, and SNYDER participated.
The SPEAKER said these remarks were not precisely rel [The following remarks were handed in to the Reporter:
evant to the question before the House. Mr. MOORE said that he had examined the reeeoit, and
Mr. BARNARD did not intend, he said, to go into the made some calculations, which produced some curious results.
argument now ; but he Seant to say 'and in that point of And, as the subject was again brought before the House, he
view he regarded the argument as legitimate) that, by attempt- would make the statement,which would show conclusively, as
ing to lengthen the period of the daily sittings of the House, he thought, that the resolution of the committee should be
nothing in fact was gained. If they wanted to economize the adopted a a wise and salutary measure, and calculated to
reduce the Contingent expenses, nd pieifit white end xtla "
According to the report, the stationery for the 23d Con-
gress was- ,
For the House and members $40,850 (00
Clerk's-officel 592 00
Since then no separate account has been kept.
It will be perceived that stationery for the Clerk's office is
about one-seventieth of the whole erpenditure. The slation-
ery for the committee rooms would probably increase the
amount to about one-twentieth. Then it would stand thus:
Stationery for the 25th Congress J73,4i86 00
Do 26th Congress 58,503 00
According to the report it will be thus, (on
the basis of the 26th Congress:)
Clerk's office, one-twentieth 92,9-25
2,564 reams envelope paper 12,488
245 members at $45 each 1,025
Saving .- 932,065 00
Allowing the same sum for Clerk's office and
committees, the saving of the 26th Congress "
would have been ,-$46,963 00
But I am informed that 82,000 for the Clerk's office, where
there is no waste, and committee rooms would be amply suf-
ficient, say 62,000 00
Envelope paper 12,488 00
245 members at $45 each 11,025 00
Saving 26th Congress $32,990 00
Saving 25th Congress 47,973 00
Not such a trifling object, I should think, to be saved.
The account for the 25th Congress exhibits:
3,079 reams envelope paper $12,603 25
3,610 do quarto post do 21,059 25
2,318 do foolscap do 9951 25
172 do note do 1,559 50
Six thousand one hundred reams, exclusive of envelope
483 gross steel pens $4 359 39
83,700 quills %- - 3,953 12
106 doz. penknives ... 2,602 )0O
Making pon. 448 00
.Then, without taking into the calculation the envelope
paper, which is necessary and *proper to diffuse; knowledge
among the People, by dividing these articles among the 245
members, it will stand thus to each member's average:
24 reams of paper, leaving a surplus of 220 reams for the
Clerk's room and committee rooms
24 dozen (nearly) steel pens
28 do quills
5 doz. penknives
Now, sir, I challenge any member of that Congress 'to say
that he received or used that number of those articles,or ear-.
ried them away. Nor I do not believe that any member used
more than five reams of paper, exclusive of the envelope pa-
per and paper used in the folding-room. Then, sir, there most
have been waste and extravagance or immoral practices. In
either case, it is our duty to put a stop it. Imputations have
been made abroad, and even in this House, of improper prac-
tices by members in relation to this extravagant expendi-
ture, and abroad it attaches to all the members of Congress.
And I for one, sir, do not choose to lay under such imputa-
tions, and therefore vote to correct the abuse, ,I believe that
the committee have made a fair examination, and report a
reasonable remedy without running into ultraism.]
[Mr. BOARDMAN furnished the following statistics:
I'desire to call the attention of my friend from New York
(Mr. WARD) to certain facts appearing upon this record,
which will perhaps reconcile him to the course pursued by
the House in this matter. It appears here, sir, that the con-
tingent expenses of the House of Representatives for the year
1823 amounted to $37,848; that they continued. to increase,
until in the year 1838 they amounted to the enormous sum
of $343,261, and in the year 1840, the last year for which we
have complete returns, they amounted to $199,219. Esti-
mating the number of members at 242, these sums give an
average as follows:
For 1823, 6136 for each member.
For 1838, 1131' do.
For 1840, 823 do.
I now appeal.to the gentleman from New York, whether
these facts do not call upon this House to investigate this
enormous extravagance' Is there net enough in these facts
alone to justify the course purstled by the Committee of Re--
trenchment and by this House '1 Is it not their bounden
duty I I do not say that the members of this House have fur'
their own benefit plundered the public treasure; but I do say
that these expenditures are extravagant and enormous-im.
mensely beyond the necessities of this House.
Look, again,-at the item of penknives. The report shows
that the contingent expenses of the 26th Congress includes a
charge for 94 dozen penknives, amounting to $2,264; mnd
for the 25th Congress, 106 dozen penknives, amounting to
$2,602--an amount greatly beyond the necessities of hhe
House, or any reasonable application of its contingent fund.
The House is much indebted to the committee for these dis-
closures, and I have voted for their resolutions thus far, and
intend to vote for the rest. I cannot believe that any mem-
ber of this House, in view of the facts disclosed, will say that
these matters are beneath the notice of the House. We
are pledged to reform abuses: it is our duly to do so. Let us
make the experiment; let us begin, and stopping this leak
will disclose the others J
Mr. UNDERWOOD withdrew his motion to reconsider.
The question recurred on the amendment of Mr. SuMMEas
to the 10ih resolution.
Mr. SNYDER offered the following amendment to the
"That the pay of members of this House be reduced to five dollars
per day, the pay of the Speaker to ten dollars per day, and time
pay of the Chief Clerk to five dollars per day; that of the first
assistant to four dollars per day; and that the pay fall the other
officers and clerks, including postmaster and assistant, twenty
pet cent. per diem on the compensation now received by ilie m ;,
and that the mileage of the members of this House be reduced to
two dollars for every twenty miles they may necessarily travel.
Mr. BOWNE desired to move an amendment, Vr.ruiding
that "the several Reporters having seats in the Hall be sup-
plied with sufficient stationery for their use."
The SPEAKER said there was already an amendment
pending to the amendment.
Mr. BOWNE withdrew the amendment for the moment.
The SPEAKER then examined Mr. SNYDtER's proposi-
tion, and declared it to be out of order, as many parts of it
went to repeal existing laws.
Mr. SNYDER appealed.
And the question being taken, the decision of the Chair
Mr. CAMPBELL, of South Carolina, to prevent, he
said, the imputation of this being a stationary debate, moved
the previous question.
And there was a second.
Mr. BOWNE urged the House to suffer him to offer his
The SPEAKER said unanimous consent was require.
Mr. WARREN, Mr. TURNEY, and two or thrne-thers
The main question was then ordered.
The amendment of Mr. Strasas was agreed to; and the
resolution as amended was adopted.
The eleventh resolution being under consideration, in the
following words, to wit:
Resolved, That henceforth it be a standing rule of the House
that, at the commencement of each session of Congress ihe
Speaker appoint a committee, consisting of three members, to be
denominated the Committee on Printing, whose duty it shtil be
to examine all papers and documents, of every description what-
ever, which it may be proposed to have printed, except messages,
reports, and ltrtements from the various olices and Departoeiis
of the Government required by law or usage to be furnisheul to
the House, reports from committees of the House, and bills and
resolutions ; and to report whether, in their opinion, the f'ulhlic
interest required that such paper, document, or other mater
should be printed for the use of the House or the country ;and, for
that purpose, every such paper, documtent, or other matter, when
presented to the House, if a.ked to be printed, shall be consider-
ed as referred to said committees, without any specific motion of
reference ; and no order to print such matter shall be made by
the House unless an examination thereof as aforesaid, shall have
been previously made.
Mr. SUMMERS moved an amendment to the'resolution
to strike out the words, "that, at the commencement of each
session of Congress, the Speaker appoint a committee," and
insert the words, "that a committee be appointed."
The amendment, without a division, was agreed to.
Mr. SUMMERS moved also to amend the resolution by
adding after the words, to examine all the papers and docu-
ments," the words "maps, charts, and drawings."
After some remarks by Messrs. McKAY and UNDER-
WOOD, the amendment was agreed to.
Corresponding verbal amendments, necessary to preserve
the sense of the resolution were also agreed to.
Mr. ARNOLD moved the following amendment:
That no box, or trunk, or chest, or any other like receptacle
for books, shall be hereafter furnished to the member of Con-
gress at the public expense."
Mr. HALSTED moved to amend the amendment bvsdd-
ing the words or tin cases for maps."
Mr. ARNOLD accepted this amendment as a modification
of his own proposition.
The amendment, as modified, was briefly debated by
Messrs. BRIGGS and ARNOLD.
Mr. ARNOLD called the yeas and nays on his amend-
ment, and moved the previous question; but withdrew the
motion at the request of Mr. POPE.
Messrs. POPE, PROFIT, and SUMMERS further
briefly discussed the amendment.
Mr. M. A. COOPER moved that the House adjourn.
On this motion the yeas and nays were called and refused.
The question was then taken by tellers, who reported-
Ayes 69, noes 72.
So the House refused to adjourn.
The question recurring on the amendment of Mr. Aa-
Mr. GAMBLE moved the previous question.
And there was a second.
Mr. M. A. COOPER moved that the House adjourn.
On this motion the yeas and nays were asked and 'order-
ed ; and being taken, resulted thus: Yeas 75, nays 83.
So the House refused to adjourn.
Mr. CARUTHERS suggested to the chairman of the
committee (Mr. SUMMeRS) so to amend the resolution as tq
ibp rMae the reirehce to the oamniMtiae memorials asd
relations from Sriats eand Territorial Lgihlatures.
Mr. SUMMERS declined to~aCcept It.,
Mr. GORDON moved that the resolution ant amend-
*manti be laid on the table.
Mr. BOWNE moved that the Hohea adjourn.
The qutiestion was taken, and decided in the negative-
Aye63,. noes 81.
So the House refused to adjourn.
The question recurring on the motion to lay the resolution
and amendments on the table-
Mr. GORDON called the yeaos and nays; which were
The question was then taken, and the motion to lay on the
table was decided in the negative.
Bo the resolution and amendments were not laid on the
Mr. FLOYD here raised the point of order that the reso-
lution proposed a ekange of the rules of the House, and,
therefore, that a vote of two-thirds was necenssary to adopt it.
The SPEAKER overruled the point of order.
SAnd the question then recurred on the amendment of Mr.
SOn motion of Mr. HABERSHAM, the House adjourned.
"Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and
MONDAY, MARCH 7, 1842.
THE UNITED STATES & GREAT BRITAIN.
From a correspondent who uses the signature
of "An Old Subscriber" we have received a note
enclosing what he calls a timely article," clipped
'.out from a New York paper, which he urges us,
as friends of the country, to publish; the object
,of which is, upon the foundation of some brava-
do of the London Times, and some reported (but
hardlyy credible) conversation of the commander
,ofthe British steam frigate Clyde, to sound the
tilarm of a probable war with England. Our un-
known correspondent adds, also, that he came
from England in the last packet, and knew and
.Afelt what it was to be an American in London in
1S42;" and he therefore thinks we ought to be
making warlike preparations, &c.
Our correspondent must excuse us if we can-
not lend a hand to get up a war feeling on this
side the Atlantic. There is no danger, he may
be assured, of-any supineness or lukewarm-
ness on the part of either Congress or the Peo-
ple, whenever the state of the relations between
this country and any foreign power shall be such
as to justify a hostile feeling and other than a
SSuppose the Times" newspaper to be as ar-
rogant and as offensive as pleases its irresponsi-
Bte Editor, are we to take up arms upon any such
igument as that ? To go to war for a newspa-
pr squib ? Far other considerations and coun-
sels than either the London Editor's or his New
York commentator's will determine the relations
between the two cognate Peoples which are about
to be brought under negotiation in this city.. We
trust with confidence in an honorable adjustment
of them. The whole country partakes of that
confidence. It is hardly possible that, under the
present circumstances of the world, the negotia-
tions between the United States and Great Britain
can have any other than a friendly termination.
Great Britain desires it; thie United States desires
it; newspaper quips will not prevent it. So
plain and obvious does this appear- to us, that
when we find persons, on either side of the wa-
ter, attempting to raise an alarm on this head, we
are led to apprehend a sinister motive for it. We
do not impute such a motive to our correspond-
ent, whose honest American feeling we have no
reason to doubt. We are not so charitable, how-
ever, to all the gentlemen of the press who are doing
what they can to inflame the differences between
the two countries.
No man in his senses can contemplate without
horror the prospect of a war between two such
countries as Great Britain and the United States.
Far from being a war in which the United Stales
only would be the sufferer, it would be a war
almost as much to be lamented for the deadly
blows which would be dealt to our adversary in
such a contest as for those which we ourselves
would receive. The first advantage would doubt-
less be on her side, because as an essentially mili-
tary and naval power she must always be in a bet-
ter state of preparation for immediate conflict than
the United States. But what would be her con-
dition at the end of such a conflict, is an inquiry
which it would afford us no pleasure to pursue,
and the answer to which could impart no satisfac-
tion to any friend to human rights and human
No, we will not lend our aid to stir up a war
feeling in this country towards Great Britain. It
will kindle of itself, and flare up with sufficient
rapidity and intenseness upon any just induce-
ment. Nor will we assist in exciting any undue
expectation of such a state of things for the pur-
pose of forcing the action of Congress in regard
to the increase of our military and naval arma-
ments. Even if we feared an unfavorable termi-
nation of the disputes between the two Govern-
ments as much as our correspondent seems to do,
we would not. For, even in that contingency,
we believe the first best possible preparation, for
the serious and prolonged conflict to come, would
be the provision of a competent revenue for the
Government, and the establishment of a National
Currency, which are the objects'noif most impe.
riously and immediately demanding the action of
Congress independently of any contingency what-
ever. After placing the public credit on a secure
foundation, it will be time enough to make provi.
sion for whatever expenditures of money may be
necessary or advisable in adding to the strength of
our forces by land and sea.
In reply to a request made by certain citizens
of Providence to the Judges of the Supreme Ju-
dicial Court of Rhode Island for their opinion
upon the legally of what is called the "People's
Constitution," lately voted upon by a large por-
tion of the people of that State, the Judges say :
" that the Convention which formed the People's
'Constitution' assembled without law; that-in form-
ing it they proceeded without law; that the votes
'given in favor of it were given without law; and
'however strong an expression of public opinion
They mpay present, that said Constitution, instead
Sof being the paramount law of the land, is of no
Binding force whatever; that obedience to it
Swill form no justification or excuse for any act
' done in pursuance of it; and that any attempt
* to carry it into effect by force will be treason
Against the State of Rhode Island, if not against
Sthe United States."
It will be recollected that a Constitution for this
State has been recently perfected by a lawful Con-
yention,whichis soon tobe submitted to thepeople.
BALTIMORE C0IY AND ITS CURRENCY.
There has prevailed, mote or less during the
whole of the last week, in the city of Baltimore,
considerable popular excitement on the subject
of the state of the currency, consisting, as it does
almost altogether, of Railroad Orders, which have
sold within a few days at a discount of from 39 to
40 per cent. To the honor of the city, and to
the disappointment of the enemies of public order,
no tumult has arisen out of this excitement. A
deputation of two or three hundred citizens
(working-men) went down to Annapolis on Fri-
day to present a Memorial to the Senate, urging
that body in pretty strong terms to unite with the
House of Delegates in passing an act to compel
the Banks forthwith to resume specie payments;
having accomplished which purpose in an orderly
manner, they returned quietly to Baltimore, and
reported their proceedings to the Meeting of the
People assembled that night (and every night, we
believe, last week) in Monument Square, for the
purpose of discussing the currency question.
Meanwhile, the City Government of Baltimore
has not been idle. Supplementary to its former
Ordinance for.withdrawing from circulation a por-
tion of the Railroad Orders, an Ordinance was
passed by the City Councils on Friday afternoon,
and immediately approved by the Mayor; the
purpose of which is to fund $500,000 of the Or-
ders, and also to make provision for retiring
$200,000 of the residue each year till the whole is
retired. There is also a provision for the receipt
of the Orders by the Banks, and on their doing so
the City is to pay them six per cent. per annum
on the amount which may remain unfunded.
The Ordinance looks to some action by the
Legislature of the State, and for the purpose of
asking this a joint committee was appointed by
the City Council to proceed to Annapolis.
OHIO AND HER BANKS.
Friday last (March 4) was the day fixed by the
late act of the Legislature of the State of eHio as
that on which the Banks of that State were to re-
sume specie payments. A Letter from a friend at
Cincinnati says that the effort will be made. of
course by the Banks, but the success of the effort
to resume and maintain specie payments he con-
siders very doubtful. Several of the Banks, our
readers already know, have gone into liquidation,
rather than make an attempt which they knew
would be in vain.
LOUISIANA AND HER BANKS.
The recent Legislative acts of this State for com-
pelling an immediate resumption of specie pay-
ments by the Banks, under the pain of Peniten-
tiary punishment for any violation of their provi-
sions, has produced a panic at New Orleans, of
which the papers of that city give unequivocal to-
kens. The effect of the approach of the day for
the law's taking effect has been to cause the pa-
per of some of the Banking Institutions to be
hawked about the streets of the city at thirty per
cent. discount I The Bee of the 24th ult. earnestly
urges upon the Legislature (still in session) the
necessity of taking some steps, without delay, to
arrest the gathering ills consequent on its late
"The most stubborn spirit, we would think,"
says the editor, "might be softened by the ca-
'lamities that have already overtaken our citizens,
Sand the future looks more boding than the pre-
sent or the past."
In the same paper we find the following para-
graph, really alarming in its tone:
THE BANKS.-The panic is on the increase.
'The note holders have taken the alarm, and con-
'siderable sacrifices have already been submitted
'to, on the circulation of the four banks noticed
Sin our last paper as having been discredited by
'the others. We confess our utter inability to
'predict the result of the crisis. If there was any
'spice of misanthropy at the bottom of the late
'movements in relation to the currency, it at least
'has occasion to feel satisfied at the extent of the
'mischief before us. There has been no violence,
' and we have every reason to hope that there will
We regret to state that Mr. GRAHAM, of North
Carolina, has been prevented from attending the
House of Representatives for several days past by
serious indisposition, from which, however, he is
MEXICO AND TEXAS.
A report is mentioned in the New Orleans pa-
pers of the 24th ultimo, as having been received
in that city by way of Metamoras, of a conflict
having taken place between a body of Mexicans
who had passed over into Texas and a Texian
force, which resulted in the defeat and rout of the
former. The report is a confused one, and may
turn out to be altogether without foundation. We
had hoped that the effusion of blood in this con-
flict would have been prevented by more rational
examples on both sides.
The Cumberland Civilian says : "It is with no
'ordinary pleasure that we state that the Rail-
'road Company has, during the past week, com-
'menced laying the rails upon their road from
this point east. This looks like earnest. And
in a few months we may now confidently antici-
pate the arrival of the first railroad car to the
THE WISCONSIN TRAGEDY.
The judicial examination which has been made into the
circumstances attending the late distressing occurrence in the
Legislative Council of WISCONSiN, by which one of its mem- I
bers (Mr. AnenT) was deprived of his life by a pistol shot
discharged from a weapon in the hands of JAMES R. VINE-
YARD, another member, has resulted in the committal of VINE-
YARD to answer to the charge of Murder.
Previous to the termination of the investigation, Mr.
VINEYARD sent to the Council his resignation, which was
returned to him unread, and he was immediately expelled
from the body by a vote of 10 to 1-the member voting in the
negative being one of the counsel of Mr. V.
The funeral of Mr. ARNDT took place on Saturday, the
12th ult., and was attended by the members of both branches
of the Legislative Council and the citizens generally of Ma-
dison, who accompanied the remains about a mile on the road
to Green Bay, whither they were sent, followed by the dis-
consolate father of the deceased, who was present in the
Council at the time of the rencontre. The scene was ex.
ceedingly solemn and impressive, and it is hoped may serve
as another warning against the practice of carrying deadly
nr We beg to commend Mrs. BUTLER'S Readings and
Recitations this evening to the patronage of all the friends of
female merit, and of a refined and instructive public enter-
LITTrrE RocK, (ARK ) FEBRUARY 14.
A friend writes us from Lewisburg, Conway county, that
Mr. N. Phillips was arrested on the 3d inst. for a charge of
the murder of Dr. N. Menefee on the 26th ult. and held to
bail in the sum of twenty thousand dollars. He failed in
procuring security, and was committed to the hands of the
sheriff to be conveyed to jail.-Times.
PROM Tit SAVANNAH REPUBLICAN OF MARCH 1.
By the arrival yesterday of the United States Steamer
Col. W. S. Barney, from Pilatka, we hate intelligence from
the seat of war up to the 26th ultimo.
Seven companies of the 3d Artillery, under Major Childa,
arrived at New Smyrna on the 16th ultimo, anti left for Pilat-
ka on the 22d ultimo, in three divisions-Captain Vinton,
with companies" A" and "B," in boats, via Tomoka and
St. Augustine; Major Childs, with companies "E," "F,"
and "I," by the land route, via Volusia; and Lieuten-
ant Tompkins, commanding companies K" and H," via
Fort Kinsbury, (near Fort Mellon.)
A portion of Lieutenant Tompkins's command arrived at
Fort Mellon on the morning of the 24th. No Indian signs
had been discovered east of the St. John's. The Indian guide
attempted to make his escape, and had been shot. Major
Childs was accompanied by Dr. Russell, and Captain Vinton
by Assistant Surgeon Simmons.
One of the Indians who recently came in at Fort Mellon
led the troops of thatgarrison a wild goose chase to the forks
of the Withlacoochie, upon gaining which he suddenly dis-
appeared amid the friendly shades of the palmetto, and, like
Bunyan's pilgrim, was" seen no more I'" .
Both of these Indians, of whom we gave an account some
days ago, came direct from the camp of Halleck Tustenug-
gee. One of them, retained at Fort Mellon after the depar-
t-r of the troops, acknowledged himself to be the son of
"Short Grass," the fighting captain of Halleck, and said that
he was a participator in the recent murders at Mandarin, and
also that his comrade would give the troops the slip. The
return of the troops proves the truth of this latter assertion,
and the fellow was put in irons and sent to Major Plympton.
Major Plympton is still operating with the 2d Infantry, in
the hammocks east of the St. John's. Lieutenant Murray,
of the Wd Infantry, who, for six days previous, had been
scouting on the St. John's, in open boats, touched at Fort
Mellon on the 23! instant. Halleck Tustenuggee, it was
thought, had crossed the river, and was in the scrub country
bordering the Ocklawaha.
A company of dragoons, under Captain Ker, and also one
of Infantry, had been ordered from the Caloosahatchee, and
were expected daily at Fort Mellon, from whence they were
to proceed by land to Pilatka. The 3J Artillery were fast
concentrating at Pilatka, preparatory to a final removal
from the swamps of Florida.
We received by the Colonel Harney, the St. Augustine
News and the Herald of Friday and Saturday last. From
the former we extract the following paragraphs:
Intelligence has been received here from Tampa Bay
stating that Alligator had brought in Billy Bowlegs and
twenty warriors, with their families, amounting In all to six-
ty-one. This is indeed cheering intelligence; and if Alliga-
tor succeeds in bringing in a few more such Iquads,' there
will soon be an end to the war.
Two companies of the 8th Infantry have arrived at Fort
Pierce, and will be actively employed in scouting the country
in that vicinity. Colonel Worth has and will keep the troops
under his command constantly on the alert, endeavoring to
close this long protracted war.
The steamer William Gaston left here on WednesJay
last, for New Smyrna, with pack-horses and mules for several
companies 3d Artillery now scouring the country east of the
St. John's, previous to their departure from Florida.
The Gaston returned yesterday evening from New Smyr-
na, with a detachment of 3d Artillery, under the command of
"Company' A,'8th Infantry, Captain Gwynne, arrived
in town on Monday last, and have taken quarters at St.
UNITED STATES STEAM FRIGATE MISSOURI.
NEw YORK, FRIDAY, MARcla 4.
THE MtssouRi.-Yesterday morning the new and beauti,
ful steamer Missouri left the Navy Yard and proceeded to
opposite Castle Garden, where she stopped a few moments and
fired a gun. She then went to the Narrows-returning at
about thiee o'clock. After a trip to Staten Island she an-
chored at four o'clock between the South and Fulton ferries,
where she now lies. It is thought that she is by far the hand-
somest and the swiftest steamer afloat.- Tribune.
The Central Railroad Bank of Georgia, at Savannah, en
the 28th sltimo suspended specie payments, and will, under
the law of the State, be wound up. The condition of the
bank is believed to be such as to ensure the eventual redemp-
tion of all its notes. The entire circulation and other debts
of the bank are stated to be $194,934; to meet which they
have $20,000 in cash, $279,709 bills receivable; $123,000
Savannah seven per cent. stpck and other good investments,
amounting in all to $476,048, independent of the road, which
cost two millions of dollars.
AMERICAN INVALIDS IN THE WEST INDIEs.-A letter from St.
Croix, West End, dated 11th ult. states that Mr. SUGAR, an
invalid, from Bedford, (Pa.) died on the 8lh of the same
month. Mr. HANEY, of Geneva, (N. Y.) died a few days
previous. Mr. AYRAULT, of Rochester, was very low, and
not expected to recover. Mrs. and Miss CHAMPION were to
return to New York in the ship J. W. CATER, which was to
sail between the 1st and 10th March for New York. Shehad
just returned from a trip to the Windward Islands, with a
number of invalids on board, all of whom, with one exception,
were much benefited by the voyage.-Journal of Commerce.
The seven persons arrested at New Orleans fir having
been concerned in the murder and mutiny on board the
Texian schooner San Antonio, were brought up fir examina-
tion on the 15th ult. The Attorney General decided that all
who were parties to the murder were amenable to the State
tribunals of Louisiana, but that the question of mutiny must
be decided by Texas. All, therefore, proved to have been
concerned in the murder will be tried before the Criminal
Court, The others will be delivered to the Texian authori-
ties. This is right.
PENSACOLA, FEBRUARY 19.
On Monday last arrived here, ten days from Vera Cruz,
the French Corvette La Briltliante, Capt. REONARD. We
learn that she is here for a fiw days only. A salute was
fired and returned at the Navy Yard when the corvetteenter-
ed our harbor, and another in honor of the broad pennant of
Corn. WILKINSON, after her arrival off the town. On Tues-
day the officers waited on the civil authorities of our city.
They seem to be in fine health, and we learn that in spite of
the inhospitable climate in which they have lately spent their
time, the crew are also in good health. This is the first visit
of La Brilliants to our waters.- Gazette.
NEW ORLEANS, 'EBRUARY 24.
LAND SLIDE.-Last night, between 9 and 10 o'clock, a
large portion of the Levee, on the opposite side of the river,
fronting the Second Municipality ferry, gave way, carrying
with it the hotel known as the Willow Grove, together with
the beautiful garden attached to it, the building occupied by
the Boat Club, Ten-pin Alleys, and several out-houses,
Our friend, Mr. Bell, is a severe loser-not having had time
to save any portion of the furniture, nor other contents of his
establishment. We visited the premises towards midnight,
and could scarcely see a solitary vestige of the garden, in the
cultivation of which the proprietor had evinced so much taste,
and which formed one of the principal attractions of the sur-
rounding neighborhood. The noise with which the embank.
meant and buildings gave way resembled the discharge of a
park of artillery, and could be heard distinctly all over the city.
The gap extends to about 400 or 500 feet front hy 200 feet
in depth, and the soil was still wearing away when we left
the spot. Fears are entertained that the damage will extend
further, as the only barrier against the encroachment of the
river consists in a slight embankment, which can scarcely be
styled a levee.
We are happy to add that no lives were lost on this occa-
ELEPHANTINE PaOcEEDoNS.--Mobile in an uproar-Aw-
ful utorm-A broken Jail and a broken Bakery-Shop Lift-
ing-Bread-Burglary-A Devouring Monster, f-c. 4-c.
The elephant belonging to the large menagerie now in Mo-
bile has been confined in jail, whether for debt, suspicion of
debt, bigamy, burglary, or what not, we are unable to state;
but on last Friday night, during a furious storm which burst
over the city, the elephantine prisoner took a notion to have
a spree, and accordingly knocked down the wall of the jail
yard, and walked off, like a four-legged Samson, with the
gates upon his back. The huge creature was scarcely at
large before'enticing fumes of fresh bread came penetrating
the olfctory powers of the animal, and without more ado flat
burglary was perpetrated-the elephant breaking into the
store and devouring all the bread, crackers, cakes,&c. that came
within reach. While thus interestingly engaged, a bread
cart came up to the door for morning supplies, and the con-
sternation of the horse, as well as the innocent driver, may
be imagined when Mr. or Mrs. Elephant deliberately poked
out a long nose and tumbled the cart over the horse's head-
proving that there are more ways than one of putting "the
cart before the horse." The driver, concluding that the Mil-
lennium was at hand, or that the Florida war was coming to
an end, soon made a transfer of his person to a respectable
distance, followed by the horse with the remnants of the
bread cart clattering about his heels. Satisfied then with so
palatable and unusual a breakfast, the elephant quietly walk-
ed back into the jail yard, and concluded to await his exami-
nation before the Recorder, the result of which we have not
yet heard. It was a most inhuman affair from beginning to
end.-N. 0. Picayune.
The Oneida Indians called a meeting of the chiefs and
headmen of the nation, and held a council, and formally
tried Peter Green (a member of the'trihe) for the murder of
his three children, who was found guilty and sentenced to
be hung on Friday, the 18th ultimo,
LATERt PR6M EOLAND.
We are indebted to the New York Commercial
Advertiser and the Herald fq the following:
The ship Tarolinta, Smith, from Liverpool, has just arrived;
having sailed on the 24th January, but unfortunately she
brings no papers.
Captain Smith reports that he saw previous to the time he
left Liverpool a paper uf that city for the week ending Janu-
ary 22. As far as he had heard, there was no news of gen-
eral interest between the date of our previous advices and the
time he left England. ,
Cotton had declined 1-8d. and the market closed with a
The money market was in a very unsettled slate, and con-
sols had been on the decline.
Corn had improved considerably.
The young Prince of Wales was to be christened on'the
25th, and great preparations were making therefore. Five of
the most splendid steamboats in England had been sent to the
Continent to bring over the Kings of Prussia and Belgium
to attend the christening. They arrived in England on the
It was not expected that the Tories would retain power
over six months.
Heavy gales were experienced by the Tarolinta on the
26th and 27th of January.
LIvRPOOL COTTON MARKET, JANUARY 16.-The transactions
this week in Cotton have been rather limited, and the market
generally has assumed a less active appearance, which, together
with a more eager disposition on the part of importers to sell,
prices are scarcely supported, especially'for the better qualities
of new Uplands and Orleans, which in several instances have
been sold at 1-8 per lb. decline.
JANUARY 20.- Our Cotton market is very dull, and prices are
S-8d. per I ound lower this week. There is a little more doing
in Sea Islantds and prices are nominally without alteration, at id.
to Id. per pound advance on the last public sale of 24th Dece.m-
ber. Brazils and Egyptians remain dull, but in prices no change
BEAVER, (PA.) MARCH 2.
TuREs PERSON'S DROWNED-We learn with regret that
on latuiday last Mr. Jesse Lightner and a brother's son and
daughter were drowned in the Beaver, near the mouth of the
Connequenessing. They were crossing the stream on the
ice which had formed on one of the pools, but which proved
too weak for the old man's weight, and he broke through in
deep water, clinging on his rise to the edge of the opening.
The two young people made every exertion to rescue him,
until their dangerous footing also gave way, and all three
sunk to a watery grave-the two latter sacrificing their own
lives in a vain effort to rescue a friend and relative. Their
bodies were recovered in a short time, but the vital spark had
PENSACOLA, FEB. 19, 1842.
A most tragical occurrence took place on the 15th instant
at Milton, in this county, A quarrel arose between SAMUEL
BURR and HENRY BELL, of that place, which resulted in
blows, and Bell's shooting Burr with a pistol. The shot
took effect in the body of Burr, and the wound is thought to
be mortal. After being thus wounded, Burr ran to his house
to get his rifle, and succeeded in getting it, when Bell was
passing the house. Burr fired at him, the ball struck Bell in
the back of the head, and he fell instantly dead.-Gazetlte.
LIAsLITY OF RAILROADS.-Edward Burr, of flridgeport,
Connecticut, recovered $166 of the Housatonic Railroad in
a trial-before the Supreme Court at Fairfield lately, being
the value of a blacksmith's shop which was set on fire and
destroyed by sparks from a passing locomotive. The defend-
ants had previously paid plaintiff for removing his shop from
the line of the railroad, which he did only eighteen inches.
FROM THIE NORFOLK CHRONICLE.
PROMPT ARREST.-One of the most prompt and efficient
arrests that we have lately known was made on yesterday by
one of the deputy sheriffs of Norfolk county, Mr. Edward S.
Gayle. The circumstances are as follows: It seems that Mr.
G. had a writ against Captain Howell, of the brig Long
Island, who was about proceeding to sea, having gotten his
vessel underweigh in Hampton Roads, outward bound for
New Orleans, when the steamboat Star came alongside and
made fast. The writ was then served upon the captain by
the civil officer, but was resisted ; and that resistance so for-
cibly maintained that the fasts were cut loose and the brig
proceeded onr her voyage! But the arm of the civil authority
was not paralyzed by this act of desperation. Mr. Gayle
proceeded in the Star to Hampton, procured a horse, rode in
hot haste to Fort Monroe, and made the circumstances of this
outrageous conduct known to the military commanding offi-
cer on that station, who, much to his honor, immediately
placed the necessary force, consisting of a file of regular troops,
at the disposal of Mr. Gayle.
In the meantime Captain Hendeison called at the Point,
received Mr. Gayle and the detachment, who boarded the
brig at Willoughby Point, and very unceremoniously brought
the arrogant captain before the civil authority in Portsmouth,
when we learn that the proper recognisances were entered
In this whole matter the great energy on the part "f Mr.
Gayle, promptly seconded by Captain McKenney, (who cotm-
manded the military at Old Point,) and the no less active par-
ticipancy of Captain Henderson of the. Star, are deserving ot
high praise, for having vindicated the insulted majesty of the
The Legislature of Miine are discussing the matter of re-
moving the seat of Government from Augusta to some other
place. In the debate, a Mr. SMART, (well named,) in com-
paring Portland with Augusta in regard to cheapness, said.
that his poetic bump was excited, and forthwith he was deli-
vered of the following bit of poesy, which certainly should
have settled the question :
7tere two great apples for a cent are bought,
And here they ask a penny more'n they ought.
There stocks of candy are not sold so dear
As those the little boys present us here:
Here for each stick a cent isjust the fee,
But there two cents will buy you nearly three.
Ladies' tongues have been condemned from time immemo-
rial for their length. It is a fresh reproach in our day that
they are imparting some of their lingual longitude to the other
sex. The Boston Post complains alter the following fashion
of their presence in the legislative halls of Massachusetts :
The ladies, heaven bless them, are the light and life of the
world; but just about this time the condition of the Common-
wealth's treasure imperiously requires that they should debar
themselves of the pleasure of visiting the legislative halls, as their
presence invariably, and, by a law of nature, irresistibly, provokes
debate-a propensity that cannot be indulged at a less cost than
two bundred'dollars per hour. Another consideration, and one
which we are sure will not be lest on our fair city friends, is, that
the absence of the country members from their families has al-
ready been protracted to a painful duration."
At his residence in Crawford county, Arkansas, on the 8th
ultimo, in the 42d year of his age, Colonel WHARTON
RECTOR, one of the Paymasters in the Army of the Uni-
SN otice.-There will be a meeting of the Congressional
Total Abstinence Society in the Ball of the House of Repre-
sentatives this [Mondayj evening, at 7 o'clock. Professor
Sewall wi 1 exhibit and illustrate his drawings of the sto-
.macb, and the meeting will be addressed by Mr. Marshall, of
Kentucky, and others. The Public is invited to attend.
mar 7-1t Chairman Ex. Comn.
Mrs. SAMUEL BUTLER (wife of the celebrated Tragedian of
that name, Professor of Elocution from London) respectfully
announces to the Ladies and Gentlemen of Washington and
its vicinity her intention of giving her
EXTEMPOsANEOUS SELECTIONS IN PsosE AND VEtSE,
Interspersed with Recitations and Extracts from
SHAKSPEARE, GOETHE, LOCKE, BYRON, &c. &c.
And the rnset approved masters of Oratory and Genius,
ON MONDAY, MARCH,7 1842.
She will also descant on her own original works, published in
England, giving extracts from her
Gardens of Paris," Pere la Chase," "The Daughter of
Erin," and her Capitol of Washington."
A Dissertation en Address and Manners, with comments illustra-
tive and original.
Satan's Address to the Sun, with introductory comments.
A Scene from the Happiest Man Alive, original.
Hamlet and l.s Father's Ghest, Sbakspeare.
Woman's Love, from the Avenger.
Shakspeara's Description of a Fop.
The Gardens of Paris.
Soliloquy on Death, Shalkspeare.
Hamlet on his Mother's Marriage, Shakspeare;
An Appeal to the Atheist.
The Daughter of Erin.
Mrs. B.'s second Elocutionary Course will consist of Recita-
tions, Extracts, and Quotations from the first Authors and Men of
Genius, as follows: "The Supper of the Seasons." "The Bal-
cony of Flowers, by the Stranger." The Fatal Upas Tree of
Java." "An Actor's Meditations." Extracts from her French
Lottery." Reminiscences of Curran, the Irish Barrister; Judge
Jeffrise, and by Burns, the Scotch Poemt with remarks on the
Science of Phrenology.
Mrs. B. respectfully invites Schools to attend. Her egotism
may be pardoned when she states' that the Dissertation on Ad-
dress and Manners is peculiarly adapted to the youth of both
sexes, and to whom it may hold the mirror up to nature.
jY Gentlemen $1-Ladies 50 cents-Children half price.
A YOUNG LADY, who has had some experience in
teaching, and who was educated to that profession, is de-
sirous of obtaining a situation as Governess in a family. She is
prepared to give instruction in the usual branches of an English
education, the French language, drawing, painting, wax work,
ornamental needlework, &c. She has no objection to going South.
Satisfactory references will be given. Address C. B through
the City Pest Office. mar 7-eo3t
0tV tXN'r tt1C1VIV .
THE WIATItit, which has been for several days past re-
markably fine, on Saturday evening underwent a considera-
ble change. During all of yesterday the sun was oversha-
dowed by clouds, and we had every promise of snow or rain.
Our oldest citizens have no recollection of a winter of so
much mildness as the one through which we have just passed.
All around us looks like spring-the green fields, the blossom-
ing trees, the singing birds, the well-known attendants of
that delightful season, may be found on all sides of us. The
gardeners are already committing their ieeds to the earth, the
honest ploughman is turning his furrow in readiness for
spring grain. Spring flowers, too, are bursting open by sur-
prise, and all Nature seems to rejoice in anticipated pleasures.
ANOTHER TEMPERANCE MEETING is to he held in the Hall
of the House of Representatives this evening, which, as we
learn, will be attended by Dr. SEWALL (who will exhibit
and explain his drawings) and many other distinguished
friends of the temperance cause, from whom interesting ad-
dresses may be expected.
BEWARE OF COUNTEaRFEITs.-As at this time almost our
entire currency is of the kind by which illiterate people may
be easily imposed upon by base and spurious paper money, it
behooves them as well as market people, traders, and mer-
chants generally, to be on the look out against such imposi-
tions. During the last week a ten dollar note of the Farm-
ers' Bank of Baltimore was offered at a store in the vicinity
of our office, and we understand that no such bank ever was
in existence. Notes also of (he Saving Institutions of Bal-
timore, which have long since failed, have been passed upon
several ignorant colored market peolIe.
RATES OP DISCOUNT IN WASHINOTON.-Virginia money 5
per cent.; Railroad orders 25 per cent.; individual notes re-
deemable in Virginia notes are at the same rate as Virginia
money; and specie is at a premium of 2J per cent. above
Baltimore bank notes.
THE CIBCVIT COURT of the District of Columbia com-
mences its session in this city on the fourth Monday of'the
THE CRIMINAL COURT FOR WaSInNOTON COUNTY hasbeen
in session during the past week. Among the cases passed
upon, which we deem worthy of notice at the present time,
are the following:
The United States vs. Henry Hill, who was arraigned on
Tuesday on an indictment containing two counts, one for
furiously driving a four-horse carriage and assaulting a boy
by running over him with intent to kill, and the other for
merely an assault. The jury returned a verdict of not guilty
on the first count, and guilty on the second. Mr. BRENT,
counsel for the defendant, applied for a new trial, on the
ground that the verdict was contrary to the evidence.
The Ustited States vs. Thomas Smith, indicted for man-
slaughter, in causing the death of a negro man named Tom
Johnson, in Georgetown in September last, by striking him
over the head with a cane. This case came up on Thurs-
day, and after hearing the testimony of ten or twelve wit-
nesses-that for the defence tending to show that the deceased
came to his death from fits, rather than from the blow given
by Smith with a small stick, described as a hickory about as
thick as a man's thumb-it was submitted to thejury without
argument, who in a few moments returned a verdict of not
Mary Ann Hall, Mrs. Green, and Anthony Guinder were
severally tried during the week for keeping disorderly houses.
In the two cases last mentioned the prisoners were found not
guilty; but the jury being unable to agree in the case of
Mary Ann Hall, it will be set for another hearing.
A number of cases of petty larceny were also disposed of,
the prisoners being principally negroes, and the articles stolen
of but trifling value.
Messrs. EDITORS: I request the favor of a small space in your
paper for the purpose of bringing before the attention ofyour po-
lice the indecent behavior of a party of noisy, riotous youths,
undisciplined apprentices, and such like, who nightly, by habit or
previous consultation, congregate at the corner of 9th street andi
Pennsylvania avenue, [other points on the avenue might be add-
ed,] where their nefarious and nasty practices are debated before
they range your streets to prosecute theirdeliberated designs. And
I am informed thief outlawed clan glory in the appellative Ran-
gers. At the corner mentioned, in motley assembly, they repeat-
Sedly, by indecent language and ass-like brayings, insult the pas-.
sengers of your streets, and disturb the peace ofthe neighborhood.
It would be useless to particularize any offence, since each even-
ing brings a new complaint. The object I have in view is to ave-
ken the sluggish part of your police to their duty, which they seem
to have forgotten or wilfully neglect. It is these schools of row-I
dyism that send forth into the world so many schooled candidates
for your penitentiary. I admonish parents to aid the police in
their endeavors to apply a certain and timely remedy to this de-,
plorable evil, or the consequences of a vicious course will be the
inevitahbe fate of their children.
I would remark, should there hs further grounds of complaint
on the part of the winter personally, a chastisement commensurate
with the offence will be assuredly inflicted; for the impertinence of
these ranging rowdies will not be winked at. It is insufferable to
see these reckless, smooth-chinned villains, in face of decency,
propriety, or order, insulting the peaceable citizens, who may be
compelled by business to pass their resorts, by having their ears
greeted with taunting insolence of these upstarts in vice. It is
hoped this caution may have its desired effect.
AN ACT making an appropriation for the purpose of grading and
r -.-iir.i F'ihil,t street west, from G to K streets north.
B, i't.i ,i:.li., 'i Boardof Aldermen and Board of Com-
mon Council of the city of Washington, That for the purpose of
grading and gravelling Eighth street west, from G to K streets
north, the sum of seven hundred and ninety dollars be, and the
same is hereby, appropriated, out of any funds to the credit of the
Third Ward not otherwise appropriated; the same to be expend-
ed under the direction of the Commissioner of the Ward and two
assistants to ie appointed by the Mayor : Provided, That no con-
tract be made, nor work author zed to be done, to 'exceed the
amount herein appropriated, nor until there shall be funds to the
credit of said Ward applicable to the said object.
President ofthe Boardof Common Csuncil.
CH. W. GOLDSBOROUGH, -
Presidentof the Board of Aldermen.
Approved, March 2, 1542.
W. W. SEATON, Mayor.
AN ACT making an apprepriatian for the paving of two gutters
across I street north.
Be it enacted, 4-c. That. the sum of fifty dollars, or so mush
thereof as may be necessary, be, and the same is hereby, appro
printed, out of any money to the credit of the Third Ward not
otherwise appropriated, for the purpose of paving a stone gutter
across I street north, on the west side of Sixth street west, and one
across said I street, on the east side of Tenth street west, to be
expended under the direction of the Commissioner of the Third
Approved, March 2, 1842.
AN ACT for the relief of Hugh Haney.
Be it enacted, -c. That the fine imposed on Hugh Haney by
the judgment of B. K. Morsell, for an asleged violation of a law of
this Corporation relative to selling tinware or other articles of
merchandise, to the exclusion of the venders of fish, meat, vegeta-
blei and other market stuff, be, and same is hereby, remitted; pro-
vided tie said Haney pay the cost of prosecution.
Approved, March 2, 1842.
AN ACT for the relief of Andrew Hoover.
Be it enacted, 4-c. That the fine imposed on Andrew Hoover
for an alleged violation of an ordinance of this Corporation rela-
tive to selling of tinware or other articles of merchandise, to the
exclusion of the venders of fish, meat, vegetables, and other
market stuff, be, and the same is hereby, remitted ; provided the
said Hoover pay the cost of prosecution.
Approved, February 23, 1842.
HEADQUAaTBas NATIONAL BLUES, MARCH 5, 1S42.
L- The regular stated meeting oftheCorps will be
held on Monday evening, the 7th instant, at half-past 7 o'clock.
It is expected that every man will be at his post, as business of
importance will be laid before the Corps.
By order: JOS. A. ANDERSON,
mar 7-It Secretary.
fl- Repeal Assoelation.-The regular monthly meeting of
this Association will be held on Tuesday evening, the 8th instant,
at 7 o'clock, in the Hall of the Washington Benevolent Society,
on G street, between 6th and 7th streets. The representative of
this Society in the late Repeal Convention held at Philadelphia
will be present, and give a detailed account of the proceedings of
that Convention. A lull attendance is desired.
mar 5-SM&T F. McNERHANY, Sec'y.
In- Washington Light Infantry.-A regular meeting of
the Corps will be held at the Armory this (Monday) evening at
half pat 7 o'clock.
mir 7 30S. B. TATE, Secretary.
1. 0. 0. IF.-The members of Washington Lodge No. 6
will please attend a meeting to be held at the Hall this evening at
7 o'clock, to make arrangements for the Funeral of our deceased
brother, D. Mabin. By order.
ianr 7 T. D. BELL, Sec'y.
n Columbia Fire Company.-A special meeting of the
Company will be held in the hall of their engine-house this
(Monlay) evening, at half past seven o'clock.
By order. LLEWELLYN AP D. A. BALL,
mae 7-It Secietary.
L-COLUMBIA ARTILLERY, Attention -You
are hereby notified to attend a stated meeting of the Company, to
be held on this (Monday) evening, 7th last. at 7 o'clock.
mar7 E. G. HANDY, Secretary C. A.
F IVE DOLLAB$S REWABD will be given for the de-
tection of the thief who took from a hall in the First Ward a
package containing two black silk watered scarfs and a black silk
shawl. P. B. POSTIN,
may 7-eolt Bailiff,
PHILADELPiIA, MARCH 4, 184q.
March the Fourth I Writing down this date re-
minds me that it is- just one year since the good
HARRISON was inaugurated President of the Uni-
ted States. On looking back through this event-
ful period, how does the wish arise that in the
midst of the scene when that departed patriot as-
sumed the highest post in the Republic, one could
have received from the prescient Deity,
Who touched Isaiah's hallowed lips with fire,"
the gift to foretell any of the strange things which
are now among the history of the past I Thou-
sands of honest hearts then beat with the hope
that the clouds which had so long drooped over
the country's interests were soon to be dissipated.
Men had been secured; and measures, the prom-
ised measures, alone were wanting to restore the
days of easy prosperity. The Extra Session was
called, the Cabinet appointed, and in one little
month the spirit which bound all together had
fled, and with it one by one the hopes which had
gathered around it. I say it not in reproach,
since every man is bound by no pledges except his own, that
the expectations which culminated over the Capitol just one
year ago have sunk until they are lost utterly beneath the
political horizon. New lights have risen-such, indeed, many
doubtloesly sincere observers believe them to be, but as yet
they have no fixed place. The ship of State is still not
steered by any one of them. The great principles for which
parties respectively contended for ten years, which it was an-
ticipated twelve months ago would be settled within a few
weeks, remain as yet mere abstractions. In practice they
exist not; and that particular policy which a great mass re-
garded as certain to prevail, is now almost forgotten as a thing
impossible. Nor is this all in the important annals of the
year. Who would have dreamed that a tithe of the calami-
ties which every interest has suffered, could in a space so
brief have prostrated universal credit, fettered capital, and
paralyzed enterprise '1 Your readers, week after week, look
for the results of the Congressional session. To the frequent
question, what are they I how often have you answered,
I mentioned to you, in a recent letter, that I had seen a
table very Carefully prepared for the use of Congress, showing
the progressive effect of the compromise act upon the revenue
from duties on imports. That table I now send, as printed
in the commercial list. You will note among the general
results the following:
Supposed Previous to 1834 Differ'ce
ARTICLES, quantity, in duty
S 1833 and
Value. Duty. Junen'xt.
Col'd cotton cloth,
yards 232,919 847,088 $20,380 10962
Brown sugar, Ibs. 4,629 848 209W259 115,746 73,849
Bar iron rolled, cwt 41,693,314 77,320 62540 47,076
From these three articles, a pretty clear idea may be had
of the operation of the act after June next upon the revenue.
Here, for instance, are, say 230,000 yards of colored cotton
cloth, the value of which, prior to 1834, was, say $47,000;
the duty was, say $20,000. On the sama quantity of the
same article the Treasury will receive nearly $11,000 less.
The value as above of a given quantity of bar iron manufac-
tured by rolling is set down at $77,000. The duty was, prior
to 1834, $62,500 ; it will be less by $47,000. Having these
figures before Congress, there will be fair data for estimating
what will be the amount of revenue from duties after June
next compared with the demands upon the Treasury. Only
glancing at the results, it seems to me to show that there will
be a deficit,andto a considerable amou nt,particularly asthecon-
dition ofthe country will require a reduced quantity of imports
on the one hand. and the policy of certain departments will
call for an increased expenditure on the other. It is apparent
that the tariff question is now engaging extraordinary atten-
tion on the part of the manufacturing classes throughout the
country. It is but a few days since a Convention was held
in this State, of which I gave you an abstract of the proceed-
ings. A Convention of the Shoe and Leather dealers" has
been just held in Boston, the proceedings of which are very
PHILADELPHIA, Saturday Evening.
I learn that the Committees of Conference from
the Senate and House, at Harrisburg, have agreed
to report a bill for the instant resumption of specie
payments. On this report, if it be made, there can
be no doubt that both branches of the Legislature
will pass the bill. What particular features it may
have which will reconcile the Governor to sign it
cannot be divined; for I adhere to the opinion that hecould
not have obtained the money to pay the State interest last
month without some kind of understanding that indulgence
would be extended to the banks which furnished the means.
If this conjecture which coincides with the opinion of many
intelligent friends, be correct, it is difficult to understand how
the Executive can agree to force immediate resumption. If it
be not correct, it is equally difficult to understand by what
management money was raised in a few days, on, I think,
three or four hundred thousand dollars of bills receivable ta-
ken from the Bank of Pennsylvania, at a time when the
choicest paper in the market was worth from one and a half
to two per cent. a month, and when ordinarily good paper
could not be discounted at any rate. Some of our Banks are
protected in a measure against any law for redemption by the
contract which the Legislature has heretofore made with
them, and which I need not explain. But many others, it
seems to be the universal opinion, will be obliged to close their
Money has not been so scarce to-day as through the week.
Notes falling due in banki on the third and fourth, caused on
and prior to those days an excessive pressure. Exchange on
New York has fallen considerably. Sales to-day at 31 a 3j.
Cincinnati Sixes, 70 a 71, Tennessee Fives1 60; Pennsylva-
nia Fives, 491 a 50. The rise of the latter is imputed to the
bill in the Legislature to levy a tax sufficient for the interest.
Decisions in bankruptcy cases are constantly occurring, by
which open questions under the law are becoming settle.
One occurred here yesterday. A debtor under arrest claimed
a discharge on giving bond to take the benefit of the insolvent
law. The sheriff, being in doubt whether the bankrupt did
not supersede the State act, refused to take the bond. On a
writ of habeas corpus the question of the operation of the
former upon the latter was argued before all the Judges of the
Comnion-Pleas, and after due deliberation gave their opinion
that with regard to voluntary bankrupts the bankruptllaw did
not take away the right of discharge under the insolvent law.
POT.ER A. CARNES has filed his petition for the benefit
of the Bankrupt Law, which petition will he heard be-
fore the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sitting in
Bankruptcy, in the Court-room in Washington county, on Monday,
the twenty-eighth day of March inst., at 10 o'clock A. M.when and
where all persons interested may appear and show cause, if any
they have, why the prayer of the said petitioner should not bo
granted. B y order of the C ourt. .... .
Test : -WM. BRENT,
mar 7 Clerk Clresit Court, Washington county, D. C.,
MANAGEIR'N OFFICE, Washington Ctty.
DRAWN NUMBERS of the Grand Consolidated Lot-
tery, Class 1, for 1842, drawn atWilningtsn, Delaware,
-March 3d :
43 79 65 65 6 41 7 30 45 19 75 46 1 44 70 29 62 B6 80 77.
Lowest prize $10.
JAMES PHALEN & Co. Managers.
GRAND CONSOLIDATED LOTTERY,
To be drawn at Wilmington, Delaware, Thursday, March 17.
78 Numbers-1S Drawn.
1 prize of $25,000 20 prizes of $1,000
1do 6,000 30 do 300
1do 3,000 100 do 110
1 do 2,000 300 do 100
1 do 1,216 "&c. &c.
Tickets $8-Halves $4-Q-uarters $2.
To be drawn at Wilmington, Delaware, Thursday, March 31.
1 prise of $15,000 2 prizes of $1,100
1 do 5,000 2 do 1,000
1 do 3,000 8 do 900
I do 2,000 2 do 800
1 do 1,800 2 do 700
1 do 1,464 I 2 do 6t0
2 do 1,200 4.e0 do boo00
Lowest 3 drawn numbers, $500.
'Whole tickets $88-Halves 84-Quarters $e2.
Tickets, shares, or packages for sale at the Manager's Oftce.
Mr All orders from a distance will meet with prompt and con-
fidential attention. Address
JAS. PHALEN & CO.