WASHINGTON: WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1841.
,LPlIILI.IIHEI) BY GALES & SEATON.
DAILY PAPER-St0 a year-S1 a month for any shorter time.
CODNTRY PAPZR-86 a year-$4 for six months.
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
For New Orleans, Charleston, and Havana,
To leave on the 5th October next.
T ]HE well-known substantial steamship ALABAMA, H.
SWindle commander, built in 1838, for the Baltimoie, Nor-
folk, and Charleston line, of the best materials, without regard to
expense, 676 tons burden, copper fastened and coppered, with
copper boilers, having just been thoroughly overhauled and fitted
for her intended packet route between Havana and New Orleans,
with superior and ample accommodation for one hundred cabin
and also for steerage passengers, will leave Baltimore for the
above ports on the 6th of October next.
Passengers intending to land at Havana will provide themselves
with passports from the Spanish consul in Baltimnore.
For freight or passage apply to Captain Windle on board, at
O'Donnell's wharf, Baltimore, or to
sept 13-dl5Oct W. G. HARRISON.
WASHINGTON AND ALEXANDRIA BOAT.
L.q.p ,T y Trips of the steamboat JOSEPH
.\ _ JOHNSON duringthe week termin-
ottmhartingon Sunday evening next, Sop-
S .tember 26 viz.
Leave Alexandria at 9 and 11 o'clock A. M.
and 2 and 4 P.M.
Leave Washington at 10 and 12 A.M.
and 3 end 5 .w-P.'M.
sept 21-5t IGNATIUS ALLEN. Contain.
PROPOSALS WIL BE RECEIVED at the
Mayor's Office until Saturday, September 25, inclusive, for
removing the bridge across the Canal at N street south, and for
electing a new one, according to specitioetions to be seen by ap-
plying to the undersigned. P.M. PEARSON,
sept 21-td Conm. W. C. Canal.
"lATHAWA -"1',ATEIT HiIT-AIR -%I 1 I lkhING
STOVES, for all cooking purposes, is inferior to no
stove now in use ; and the oven, for baking bread, pastry, cakes,
&e. and for cooking meats, is not excelled, if equalled, by any
stove ever invented-all sides thereof being heated to the same
degree. The fuel required, when compared with othei stoves, is
very small in quantity. It is perfectly simple in construction.
These stoves are in use in most of the public and a large num-
ber of the private houses in Boston, Charlestown, Rochester, and
A few of them will be in the District of Columbia in a short
time for sale.
One can now be seen at the warehouse of
sep 2t1-d3al&w3w W. T. COMPTON, Georgetown.
N OTICE.-The business heretofore conducted under the
firm ofGORDON & GRAY is this day dissolved by mu-
tual consent. All persons owing the firma will come forward and
settle without delay. September 9, 1841.
THOSE. A. GORDON,
sept 21-3t THOS. K. GRAY.
SO)OKING-GLASS PLATES.-INGLE & PALMER
Shave just received an assortment of looking-glass plates,
together with a general assortment of hardware, cutlery, brass,
plated, and japannea goods, &e. which they will sell low for cash
or to prompt customers, sept 21-d3t
ILT FRAMES.-INGLE & PALMER, having made
arrangements with a manufactory in Baltimore, are now
ready to furnish Gilt Frames to order of any pattern and size, at
Baltimore prices. Samples of Moulding can be seen at their
store, opposite Centre Market. sept 21-d3t
WNURNITURE, CHEESE, &c. &c.-On Thursday
r morning next, the 23d instant, at 9 o'clock, we shall sell,
without reserve, in front of the store, a variety of household and
kitchen furniture, consisting of-
Mahogany sideboards, hair sofas
Cane-seat anti eonmmon chairs, work stands
Mahogany tables, feather beds
S Mattresses antd bedding
Crockery and glassware, knives and forks, &c.
Also, 39 boxes cheese, 2 boxes tobacco, &c.
DYER & WRIGHT,
sept 21-3t Auctioneers.
IGHT SCHOOL.-The subscriber respectfully info rmes
the Public that he will commence night school on Monday
night, September 27th, in the house in which his Jefferson Acad-
emy is kept, adjoining the corner of 6th and H streets. He takes
this method of returning his thanks to his friends and patrons for
the very liberal I ,' ir,.-. 'ley have extended to him, (both day
and night,) and ..It r,.i r ,% them that lie will continue to teach
the necessary . 1. t, I English education at a charge suit-
able to the times. All persons who are interested will please
make an early application for admission into either the day or
niglit school, as the number will be limited.
sept21-did REZIN BECK.
AUT IC .-t-Ihv-.. I ..Ih.. h_.._-j l .\ ,,, .1 .., .
C gotiasing a note drawn by Charle 1 H; Locker ie thit eitine
of the late firm of Brooks & Locker, atnd endorsed by the same,
payable to ourselves, as said note was not given for the business
of the late firm, and does not appear on their boeks. The above
note is dated May 1-t, and payable six months after date. And the
Public are likewise c.ni' r..l .. ,, tr.-; ... i..; any
noteaor draftsofthe .,i ..,, II,,l ii ,... tii.. ii,. I.,'., I.. been
signed by Chauncey Brooks, or they know that the paper has
been given for the legitimate business of the late firm.
CHAUNCEY BROO S.
Baltimore Sept. 17, 1841. sept 21 7t
LEXANDRIA FOUNDRY, Steam-engine and
Machine Factory.-Ilron, brass, and composition cast-
ings of every description, high and low pressure steam engines,
fire engines, sheet-iron boats, mill and tobacco screws, turning
lathes, bells of all sizes, letter copying presses, &c. or other ma-
chinery, executed promptly, amnd on the most favorable terms by
T. W. & R. C. SMITH,
The above have a very large assortment of patterns for mill and
other gearing, &c. Also, a varietyof handsome patterns for cast-
iron railings, &e.
They have forsale-
One 20 horse high pressure engine
Two 8 horse do do
One 3 horse do do
All of which are completed, and will be sold very low if early
application is made. oct 3-ly
U'TLER'S PAPERS.-Letter paper, fine and super
fine, white and blue wove, ruled and plain, embracing all
qualities. Bath Post, superfine white wove ; Foolscap, fine white
wove; flat do. extra fine do.; blue wove do.; superfine blue laid
do.; fine white wove, ruled filed ; Polio Post, blue ball; Stur-
pis, Jessup & Brothers, Owen & Hulbert, Hudson's, Southworth's,
Platner's, and Smith's, andti every othlier paper that can be found
in the American market. Also on hand-
200 reasons Post office double cap Writing Paper
200 do do cap do
100 do do Royal Printing
100 do do Envelope, super royal
100 do do Polio Post.
yr The above papers will lie sold as low as at any establish-
ment in the city; most of them made expressly to order, and war-
ranted of the best materials. R. FARNHAM,
may 26 Perm. avenue, between 9th and 10th streets.
NE HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.-Ran
away from the sultbscriber, on the 10th of Septemner, ne-
gio man FRANK DUTCH. Hle is about 20 or 21 years f age,
Feet 6 or 7 inches high. He had on when he left home a pair of
osraburg pantaloons, white cotton shirt, dark woollen roundabout,
arnd a black fur hat, about half worn. He hias a scar on the left
elbow, and one on the r; lii log, occasioned by a burn. He was
purchased of Charles \v. 1, in Charles county, Md. near the
Cross-roads. lie also has a very pleasing c untenance.
I will give the above reward if taken out of the State, or $50 if
taken within the State or District of Columbia.
septll-eo2w JNO. PALMER.
SADDLE AND HARNESS HORSE.-We have at
private sale a dark, chesnut Horse, 15 hands high, 8 years
old, warranted perfectly gentle in double ot single harness. Trots,
canters, and walks well under the saddle, arid is perfectly sound.
sept 16L DYER & WRIGHT, Auct's.
CHANGE AND COTTON TRADE WITH
ENGLAND.-Exchange and cotton trade between
England and the United States; containing pro formal accounts
on cotton purchased in the principal markets of the Union and
shipped to Liverpool; with Tables showing the cost of cotton at
Liverpool, and the nett proceeds of Liverpool quotations, and cal-
culations of exchange operations between New York and the
South, and between London and the United States, by I. F. Entz.
Just published artd fur sale at the bookstore of
H. PARNH AM,
july 5 Between 9th and t1th sty. Penn. av.
SPEECHES OF GEORGE CANNING, in one vol.
octavo, full bound in leather, 583 pages; containing, also,
extracts front his writings. Price $150- published at $3. For
sale, a few copies only to close a consignment, by
aug 18 F. TAYLOR.
L"RENCH LETTER PAPER.--J t unpacked by F.
-U- TAYLOR, three different kinds, imported by himselfdirect
from Paris, and will be found by those using the Metallic Pen
very much superior to any writing paner before brought to this
market. For sale at a price not exceeding that of the best Ame-
rican made paper, Those using the Metallic Pen are invited to
call and make trial of it, or to send for samples, sept 17
T HE SSTENIOGRAPHEs, or Self Instructor in
the Art of Short Hand, by Charles O'Counsell; containing
four plates, with rules and instructions, whereby any person may
acquire the mode of taking down trials, orations, lectures, ser-
mons, debates, speeches, &c., and be competent by a little expe-
rience to practice the saote.
Just received and for sale atthe bookstore of
sep 3 Between 9th and 10th sts. Penn. Av.
A PIANO FtORTE.-The subscriber has just received
from Leipzic oneofSchambach & Merhannt's Grand Con-
cert PIANOS, made to order, with seven full octaves of keys.
This instrument is said not to be equalled in Europe in power of
S tone and excellent workmanship. The public are politely invited
to call anti see the Piano, particularly the performers on the in-
strument. JOSHUA M. MILLER.
N. B.-Any person desiring such aPiano will call early at No.
22 Light street, Baltimore. Terms accommodating.
AN ELEGANT RESIDENCE IN THE CITY OF
BALTIMORE FOR SALEi.
T HE subscriber, being about to change hlis residence and
pursuits in life, offers fuir sale that beautiful spot well
known by the name of BELVIDERE. For tie information of
persons who do not live in Baltimoro, it may be proper to state
that it is within sight and ten minutes walk of Barnum's Hotel,
which is in the centre of the city. The grounds around the house
have been lhid off into lots, and amount to about seven acres, a
part of which is still covered with the primitive oaks of tihe cour-
try. One-half of time cily is in view from tie large and beautiful
poi tieo in front of the lihuse, although not near enough to produce
any inconvenience. A paved street ceoies to the enclosure, with.
in one hundred yards ofthe house, al'frding an easy end comniveni-
ent communication with the city at all seasuos of the year. The
dwelling itbell is erected iof the best materials and in the best
possible manner, being large and commulodious, with two wines,
one of which is occupied bty servants, itas a kitchen, &c. Tihe
S... ]r .-J;,.' eminence upon which thie house is situated enables
e.-.1i 1 spectator to look over the city, and include within
tine range of vision the harbor, river, and part of the Chesapeake
It may safely be said that there cannot be found within the
United States a tmire elcrgaut residence, uniting so thoroughly the
advantages of town anid country, or more suitable for thie accoim-
modation of a gentleman of taste. Its salubrity is equal to its beami-
ty. The rapid growth of the city in that direction renders the
property a fair subject of speculation, apart from its value as a
Any fuinlther informal; ill I I ', I ,[.i. ji I ,
sept 21- 9t It I HIL It% \hi, ]I1,11 ,..r.
4% RUSTEE'S"--.-t ,.V. -- i n .'-,. ,'--e
k Court of Chancery of Maryland, in the cthse of Walter
Smith, complainant, against David B. Denhami and William H.
Cassidy, defendants, I will offer at auction, on thie-12di day of
October next, at 12 o'clock M. at the dwelling house on thie prem-
ises, all that part of the traet of land called Springfield, in Mont-
gomery county, Marylaid, with the appurtenances, lately in time
occupancy of said Denham. The said part of tract is distant aboit
two miles from Darnestown and as far from Seneca Mi!ls, and
fronts on the main roa.I leading from those mills to Moumtt Plea-
sant. It contains 267' acres of land, more or les. .1.. 1 -...- ii
valuable body of timber and other wood. The .r. i i oi
quality and very improvahle, is well watered, anid under the ne-
cessary enclohsure for cultivation, and hai on it a comfortable dwel-
limng house, out- houses, &c.
The terms of sate are, one-fouirth of the purchase money to be
paid in hand, antdi thie remainderin three equal yearly payments,
with interest on the whole amount, payable half-yearly from the
day of sale ; to be secured by the purchaser's bond, with a surety
or sureties to be approved by me ; and, on the ratification of the
sale by the court and payment of the whole purchase money, I
will, by a good deed, to be executed mand acknowledged agreeably
to law, convey to the purchaser or purchasers, and his, her or Ileir
heirs, at his, her or their cost and request, the property to him,
her, or them sold, free, clear, and discharged from all claims of the
complainantor of thie defendants, and those claiming by, from or
under then; or any of them. If thie terms of sale be not conm-
plied with in three days, I reserve thIe right to re-sell at auction,
at the risk and cost of the former purchaser or purchasers, for
cash, after one week's previous advertisement in any convenient
sept 31-3taw3w CLEMENT COX, Trustee.
VALUABLE REAL ESTATE FOR SALE.
O N Friday next, thie 2 h instant, at 11 o'clock, will be sold,
on the premises, that valuable Dwelling House and Lot
belonging to Mr. Abijah Janney, situated at the corner of Duke
and Columbus streets, Alexandria, on the former 120 feet and
the latter upwards of 240 feet, being nearly une-halfeofa square;
is healthy, and commands a fine view of the southern part of the
The dwelling-house is of brick, substantially built, two stories
high, having ten rooms, with convenient closets, all completely
finished anid in good order, fromnt the fine, dry, spacious cellar to
th-... .- with kitchen, stable, balh, and other out-houses, and
a "u I water at the kitchen door.
The garden is spacious, well laid out, the soil admirably adapt-
ed to the growth of vegetables, and abounds with a great variety
of the best selected fruit trees, shrubs, and flowers, which, in their
season mingling profit with pleasure and delight, render this pro
perty truly desirable.
Gerttlemen from thie country wishing a town residence, and
others in town desirous ofa comfortable, quiet, and retired retreat
front the noise and bustle of business, are invited to examine thire
i.t 1 ., -I.- mselves, as so favorable a location may never again
It" I I . ...
Terms liberal, and made known at sale.
sept 21-ts GEO. WHITE, Aucet.
POTOt)MAC BRI)GE.-Th[e subscriber will receive
proposals until thIe 25th of October next, for the supply of
446 700 feet of i u" r;...i... iii .... i V.... or Maryland,
i2t,000 feet to I.. I ..'. i .. in. .. I... ..,t of thie timber
will vary front 14 by 14 to 12 by 12, and of various lengths, par-
ticular bills of which will be furnished the contractor; it must be
of the best quality, hewn or sawed square, and delivered at the
bridge, or at suc h places in its vicinity as the Engineer iany di-
rect, anid be subject to his inspection.
Twenty per ent-. will lie retained of the value of sulch portioui
of the timber as shall have been delivered, which per centage
shall be puid on the fulfilment of the contract, or fiorfeited on a
failure of the contractors.
Person. i" l' ;,.' f !..: '! will address the undersigned,
endorse I- 'r i I- i 1 i i 'Pine Timber," and enclose them
to Col. J. J. Abert, Topographical Bureau, Washington.
Major Topographical Engineers.
IThe Madisonian, Alexandria Gazette, Fldesril4tuur, Arena,
Somerset Herald, (Princess Ann, Maryland.' !.. I tl ii.ii r Ame-
rican will m .eas pnblisth i, and s i ed their iii t otbhisoffice.]
EXTENSIVE SALE OF VER iOLD AND
1A PARTICULARLY CHOICE WINES, &ce. at
Auction, in the city of Baltimore, bv HOPFMANS & CO.-
On WEDNESDAY, the 13th day of October next, at 10 o'clock
A. M., to be continued from day to dlay until the whole is sold, at
the warehouse of J. L. M. Sitith, No. 21, South street, Baltimore,
we will sell his entire 'and extensive stock of old and very choice
bottled and dcmiitohned Wines and ;,:it ...,;,, of-
36,000 bottles Madeiras, Sherries, P .ri, c.
337 demijohns of Madeira and Sherry
210 do superior old Brandy, Spirits, Gin, &c., toge-
85 butts, hogsheads, quarter and half quarter casks of. Ma-
deira and Sherry Wines.
All of which will be particularly enumerated in catalogues
Mr. Smith's long residence in Madeira previous to his estab-
li... himself in Baltimore, more than twenty years ago, afforded
him a knowledge of the most celebrated estates upon tine Island,
from which hit. Madeiras have all been selected, and eccumnula
ting for many yeais. He therefore can wit1m confidence assert
that the quality of the major part can only be equalled by tihe
private stocks of thie old tstatlished houses in Madeira.
t The Sherries, Port, Brandy, &c. are all of superior quality, and
Ihis own importations from the most respectable houses?
As the delicate health of the proprietor prevents his attention
to business, and obliges him to retire to a milder climate during
autumn and winter, the sale will be positive.
A portion of Mr. Smith's private stotk will also be added to tIhe
sale. HOFPMANS & CO., Auctioneers.
Catalogues may be hiad on and after the 20th instant, anl the
goods will be arranged fur examination on the Moinday previous
to the sale. sept 6-dtis
N1%OTOTICE.-I am instructed by the honorable the Circuit
- Court of the District of Columbia for the county ofWashing-
ton to advertise a fine Lepine Gold Watch, four holed jewelled,
with gild chain and key. This watch was found in possession of
a person whio was arrested en the 4th Mar-h last, at the Presi-
dents House, as a pickpocket, and is supposed to have been
stolen. Should any one have lost such an article, they will please
apply at this office. ALEXANDER HUNTER,
july 5-dtf Marshal otf thie District of Columnbis.
VI'1RUSTEE'S SALE,-By virtue of a decree of the Cir-
cuit Court of the 1)istrict of Columbia for the county of
Washington, pronounced in a cause wherein Janmies Barren and
others are complainants, and Daniel Barren and others are de-
hendantt, I will sell at public auction, on the premises, ot the
27th DAY OP SEPTEMBER instant, at 4 o'clock in the afternoon,
thie foullowiog premises, .o wit:
Part of Lot No. 5, in square No. 345, in the city of Washing-
tonl being the south 20 feet in width, fronting on holeventh street
west, and rutning with that width along the south line of said loi
through the sasae, from front to rear, with the buildings and im-
provements thereon, consisting ofa frame house, now occupied by
Mr. Walter Stewart.
Terms of sale: One-fourth of the purchase-money in cash, and
mte residue at four, eight, and twelve months, to be secured by
the purchases's bonds, with security, beaming interest from day
If the terms of sale be not complied with within three days from
the day of sale, the property will be resold, on seven days' no-
tice in the National Intelligencer, at the purchaser's risk and cost.
Upon the final ratification of thIe sale, and full payment of the
purchase-money, the property will be conveyed ta the purchas-
er, at his own cost. W. REDIN, Trustee.
DYER & WRIGHT,
sep 4-tdhs Auctioneers.
M2ARM NEAR WASHINGTON.-At private sale,
.5 that fine tract of land, known as a part of the Brentwood
estate, fronting on Boundary street, between the eastern termina-
tion of L and M streets north, consisting of 100 acres. It is ad-
mirably calculated for a private residence, and from its proximity
to the city is available as a market garden, as a dairy, or for the
culture of hay. It has a valuable body of oak and hickory of 12
or 1500 cords, lying immediately on the railroad. A long credit
would be given, on good security, if desired.
For terms apply to J. PARLEY,
aug 30-eotf No. 3 Fruinklis Row.
A NNUALS FOR 1812.-The Rose, or Affection's
Gift, edited by Emily Marshall, illustrated with ten highly
finished engravings. The Violet, a Christmas and New Year's
Gilt, with eight elegant illustrations from engravings on steel.
Just received and for sale at the Bookstore of
sept 13 Penn. tv. between 9th and 10th sts.
L AW NOTICE.-Theondersigned have connected them-
selves as partners in the practice of the law. Thley will
attend all the Courts held in Hamilton county, Ohio, and the Cir-
cuit and District Courts of the United States at Columbus.
WM. KEY BOND.
CINCINlATI, (Ohio,) Sept. 1.1840, sepet 12-Cply
G REENFIELD HIGHi SCHOOL FOR YOUNG
LADIES.-The Trustees of this institution, after a per-
sonal acquaintance of more than two years with the Principal,
Rev. L. L. Langstroth, and with his success in teaching, are able
to add their testimony to the high recommendations which were
furnished him froi,. ;i .,: ...... ......_ others, by the Profes-
sors of Andover Ii..- i... \. i.-,,-- ... I the Faculty of Yale
(-.1-I ..-. Asa scholar lie sustains an elevated rank, and as a
teacetcr he is interesting and thorough, possessing the happiest
qualifications for exerting an elevating influence on the mind and
heart of the young. Having been a Tutor in Yale College, and
having also been much engaged in thire instruction of Young La-
dies, lih has had ample opportunity for acquiring experience in
the business of teaching. He is assisted in the various depart-
ments of instruction by Ladies who have devoted much time to
similar pursuits. While he exercises a constant supervision over
tihe whole system of instruction, he devotes the greater portion of
every day to his school-the higher branches in Mathematics, in
Ancient Languages a.ll Ii .i.i, i 1 g under his sole care.
Those who rerains ini I. i .. ..... 1 length of time will be
carried through a systematic course of study, and furnished with
the opportunity of making, substantially, the same acquisitions as
are embraced in a Collegiate education.
Instruction will be given in French by a native teacher of supe-
rior qualifications, who will reside in the family, and converse in
French with the pupils. The hInstitution is strictly a family school,
the number of boarders being limited to twenty-five, whic0hl en-
ables the Principal and h's lady to exercise a constantand paren-
tal supervision over each pupil.
Thlie V r ,,- i ,.. .1 I i is one of the most beautiful and salu-
brious in ,i, I .1i ih-.. Connecticut, and is distant only uone
day's Iurtney from Boston, Albany, and New York, with each of
which cities there is daily commntomlication. It contains places of
religious worship for Trinitarian and Unitariaii( .C. r ,... ;
Episcopalians, and Methodists, at either of It, i. I .. i .. ..
attend, as directed by their parents.
The building is elegant and spacious, and surrounded by exten-
sive and ornamental pleasure grounds, which offer unusual induce-
ments to invigorating exercise in tihe open air. The situation is
believed to be untsuitpisse t by any other in New England. The
Trustees feel assured that this school affords unusual facilities for
i, r ., i, and accomplished education, combining the solid and
S.1.,I t.-, the polite and ornamental. They have marked its in-
fluenice on their own daughters, in cultivating habits of thought
and applicilion, and in directing their minds to the highest and
noblest oiecets of pursuit. They would therefore comnmend itto
parents and guardians, as a school to which they may commit
their children and wards with entire confidence,. There are two
terms in a year, of twenty-two weeks each, and two vacations of
four weeks each.
Thie next term will commence on the second % Ji. J- of
November. Ciru'-lir- ritiiarino terms, &c. will be furnished on
application to t.. I',.'r .i, r either oft lhe Trustees.
GEORGE GRENNELL, Jn.
NATH'L E. RUSSELL,
GEORGE T. DAVIS,
Trustees, Greenfield, Mass.
Hon. Os.imyn B.aker, M. C., Massachusetts.
Rev. Charles Bliss.
Rev. Dr. Hawley, of Washington, D. C.
M. St. Clair Clarke, E-q. do. do.
L. H. Machen, Esq. do. do.
FOR SALE. a second hand Barouche, brass mounted, with
S lamps, double doors, and harniess, calculated for one or two
horses. It many be haid low for cash, or in exchange for any kind
of goods of small bulk. Apply at Dr. Sothoron's apothecary store,
i)r HlofTinan's Coach-shop, Georgetown. sept 6-2awtf
W ANTED, a nurse, to attend to a young child. A slave
would be preferred. Apply at the office of the National
Intelligence. sept 15-dtf
'I IJt g tQlllliik UILLS, No. 8O.-Jistoreceiled from
21" ,1U F ithe manufacturer, twenty thousand No. 80'S,
clear and opaque, a very superior quill.
R. FARNHAM, Stationer,
aus 30 between 91h and 0loth streets, Penn. Av.
U RULED LETTER AND CAP PAPER.-W.
V FISCHER halis just received two cases of Builer's super-
fine blue Letter Paper; also, white and blue Letter and Cap Pa-
per, ruled, of different qualities, from $2 50 to $6 per ream,
amongst which a'te a few reatis feint and red hired, for accounts.
UST PUBLISHED) andforsale I W. l M ORRISON,.
four doors west of Brown's Hotel, 0 ..'..t.,. the Poll"-'
tcal character and services of President Tyler and his Cabinet,
by a native of Maryland. sep 17
AW S relating to the Public Lands-For sale by F.
L TA YLOR, in two volumes ; contanimig, also, thie instruc-
tions issued frotm time to time from the Treasury Department and
General Land Office, with judicial decisions, and official opinions
of the Attorineys-General toni questions arising under thie Land
laws. With engraved [)lares, mtapf, surveys, Iifiiumn reservations,
&c. &c. Prepared by the order of, and fior the use of, Govern-
ment.' A few copies only for sale by F. Taylor. aug 6
Ot)R SALE.-Pat.ioie Bank stock
Baink of Washington tdo
Bank of thie Metropolis do
FoeR ExcHANGE.-O!io lands for Virginia military land warrants
Ohio lands for land in Virginia. Inquire of
sep 18--3t JOHN F. WEBB, Broker.
-EALI.ED PROPOSALS will be received untilSatuirday
S next, the 25th instant, for grading F street north, from
Seventh to Ninth streets west. The whole street is to be formed
of materials now on the premises, and under the direction of the
I.: hi .'! -I Proposals will state time price per cubic yard.
I ti. .. k to tie commenced immediately after the signing of the
contract, and executed without delay.
For further particulars, if necessary, inquire of Mr. Charles F.
Wood, corner of 9th and F streets.
WM. COOPER, Jr.
Commissioner of the Third Ward.
C. F. WOOD),
sept 18-td Assistant Cornmissioners.
HINA, GLASS, AND EARTH1ENWARE.-
HUGH C. SMITH & CO. of Alexandria, have just re-
ceived per ships Potomac and Alexandria, direct from Liverpool,
their fall supply, consisting of-
196 crates and hogsheads of China and earthenware
100 boxes of English pipes
On hand, averyi 1. ,'. k ..f. ,il.. l mu. earthenware, eom-
[rising every jIII '. i I0.. .
Ic ., patent wine bottles
\,. 1 ., glass of every size
Castorso, lamps, and Britannia ware
Stoneware of an excellent quality
All fur sale, wholesale and retail, on the lowest terms.
]IIIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber has
.- obtained from thie Orphans' Court of %%,' ih I .n county
in the District of Coluimbia, letters of administration on the per-
sonal estate of Charles Noyes, late of Washington county, de-
ceased i Al '. i. ..... . . i .i i i h. . i.. .i.
scriber, on or before the 14th day of September next; they may
otherwise, by law, be excluded from all benefit of said estate.
Given under my hand this 14th day of September, 1841.
sept 16-w3w Administrator.
V 31 S11 IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriberhias
.U obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington county,
in thie District of Columbia, letters of administration, on the
personal estate of Henry H. Kuhn, late of A m ,-.-i r. ,
ty, deceased. All persons having claims .,..,11. .I ..
ed are hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouchers
thereof, to the subscriber on or before time l4th day of Septenm-
her next; they may otherwise, by law, be excluded front all be-
nefit of said estate.
Given under my hand this 14th day of September, 1841.
sept 16-w4w Administrator.
'rAPIER'S PENINSULA WAR.-Just published
i aind for sabh by W. M. MORRISON, 4 doors west of
Bcown's Hotel, the History of ihe War it thin Peninsula and in
the South of France, from the year 1807 to the year 1S14, by W.
F. P. Napier, C. B., Colonel H. P. 43d regiment, member of the
Royal Swedish Academy of Military Sciences, from the 4th edi-
tion, complete in 4 vols. 8vo., with 55 fine englavings.
Law nod Lawyers; or Sketches and Illustrations of Legal His-
tory and Biography, in 2 vols; Critical and Miscellaneous Wri-
tings of Sir Edward Lytton Bulwer, author of Pelham," the
"Disowned," &c.; also, The Pie-Nib Papers, edited by Bos.
L OUISVILLE MEDICAL INSTITUTE.-The
Lectures in this institution will commence on the first Mon-
day in November, and continue until the last day of February.
Dining thie session, instruction will be given on the various bran-
ches of Medicune as follows:
Anatomy-By JEODEDIAH COBB, M. D.
Institutes of Medicine and Medical Jurisprudence-By CHARLES
CALDWiEcLL, M. D.
Theory and Practice of Medicine-By JOHN E. COOKE, M. D.
Sire-m',"-By SAMUEtL D. GRoss, M. D.
( I.,: ,. 1,,. *,.* I the Diseases of Women and Children-By HEN-
R' MILLER, M. D.
MHttena Medica and Medical Botany-By CHARLES W. SHORT,
Chemistry and Pharmacy-By LUNSFOaR P. YANDELL, M. D.
Clinical Medicine and Pathological Anatomy- By DANIEL
DRAKE, M. D.
'the fee for the entire course is 8120, the ticket of each Profes-
sor being $15; the Matriculation and Library ticket is $5; the
Grad action fee is $20. The Professors will receive the paper of
good and solvent banks of the States in which pupils reside in pay-
ment for their tickets, but the Matriculation and Graduation fees
must be paid in par money. The dissecting ticket is S10, which
the student may take or omnit at his option. Boarding, including
lodging, fuel, and light, can be obtained at 3 to 84 per week, the
former sum having been paid by the largest number of pupils last
session. HENRY MILLER, M. D.,
aug 5-cp Dean of the Faculty.
G UNS, GUNS.-INGLE & PALMER have just receiv-
ed one case superior double-barrel guns, which they will sell
low for cash or good paper.
Also, a few thousand superior percussion caps.
sept 18-eo3t [Globe]
]FOR NEW YORK.-Regular Line.- Pack-
et Schooner DODGE, R. Kntpp, mister, will meet
with immediate despatch. For freight or passage
apply on board or to
lF. & A. H. DODGE,
sept 21 -I3t Georgetown.
v tOR NORFCkOLK ANOO) OLD POIN'rT.
Schooner LEONA will leave Riley's wharf, '% t I.., -
too, on Wednesday morning, 22d instant, with what
freight that may offer.
'd ,JAS. MITCHELL,
seo ,t 20-3t Master.
F 'OR RENT, and may be entered on immne-
diately, thai tcommodious two-story brick dwelling
situated at thie corner of Fourteenth street, on the south
-ide of F street, and now in the occupancy of Mr. Goodrich.
This house is admirably suited for a family or a genteel boarding
house. There is a spacious garden, a coaehi-house, aid stable at-
tached toit. Inquire of W. THOMPSON,
General Agent, corner of 6th street and
Louisiana avenue, or of Mr Goodrich, at
sept 18-3t the Madisonian Office.
i i-'i1! a;l' -I., i i,, ,. .u i Ms..litu..cit.,
Avenue, between fourth and fifth streets, two Frame
.L Houses; the one baa six rooms, and is now vacant; and
the other has four rooms, and will be vacant on the firstof Octo-
ber ; the pavement is laid in front of said houses, and good water
at a short distance.
Also, for sale, several building lots in the Northern Liberties,
on ucconinmodttting termais.
Iitoitre at the house adjoining the above. sep 15-tf
I NO R1 ItE N I( It,. I 'I ,1 I ii r. 1 .. Ti .
S dtious and pleasant house situated in Franklin Row. This
house has attached to ita Ii';:. -r-d.- rit. ,l i n. r, j .,;j,,. house,
a pimp ofexcellent watcr ....I ii. I r .. i t 1 ... ier con-
venience required by a family. Fr further information inquire
of the subscriber on the premises.
sept 8-eolin ANTHONY PRESTON.
SF'F 411 I ',-M ,, i, .. ....... t.,-d b) M -I .. -
neral Macomb. It is situated near the public o ices,
and is regarded in all respects as one of the most desi-
rable residences in the city.
For terms, apply to Bayerd Smith, attorney at law, or to Chas.
Gordon, Esq, nearly opposite the premises, sept 14--tf
Lr .i.L ,, II. i I .i ., t I .. i i ,i .
viously disposed of at private sale, on Monday, the 4th
day of October next, my lairm, called Burgundy, lying within hall
a mile of Roekville, Montgomery county, ar f -it .- iit... upwards
of six hundred acres, more than half of I i,. .. I wooded.
The situation is remarkably salubrious, the soil well adapted to
i.. owth of wheat, corn, tobacco, &c. and abounds with spritig.
I ... purest water. It will be sold entire, or in lots to suit pur-
Terms, which will be liberal, to be made known on thie day of
sale. Possession to be given oen the 1st of January, 184').
For further information application to be made to Henry Har-
ding or S. Slonestreet, Esquire, residing in Roekville, who will
show a plat of the land. WILLIAM LEE,
Weed wood, Knoxville P. 0. Frederick county, Md.
W C. CHOATE, Cupper, Leecher, and Bleeder,
has received a large supply of prime Swedish and
Spanish Leeches, warranted fresh, and lately imitorted. Physi-
cians in thf, country can be supplied at the shortest notice.
Mrs. CHOATE will attend to those Ladies whio may prefer her
services. Good reference given if required.
Residence on B, near 3d street, and Jas. Young, jr., Druggist,
Pennsylvania avenue, sep t17--eolm
URNER di & HUGH-IS, Stationers, Publishers,
It and General Buook Ag-ents, No. 1oi, John street,
New York, and No. I, Fayctteville street, Raleigh, North
Carolina.-Foreigni atd IDomestic Books, Stationery, &ec. Book
Binding (lone in all its various forms, with neatness and despatch,
at R-d,iL b
II I r.... ,,New York, N. B. Hughes, Raleigh.
Agency for Be kwitit's Pills at New York. june 12-w3m
'IaOURNING GOt l1S.-We have just opened
..X. Black and blue black French Bourab-ins
Black and blue black Italian silks
Black and blue black mouss,elines de lamines
Second and deep mourning mousselines de iaines
F .. ., erinoes and mourning calicoes
M .%I.... collars, very cheap
lii h .I blue black Italian crapes
Black lace and lawn veils and handkerchiefs
Black kid gloves and silk hosiery
Black thibet anid iecino shawls, &c.
sept20-3t WM. & GEO STETTINIUS.
SVI.& GEm). STETTINIIUS have just received
SI12-4 Cotton and Linen Sheeting,,
10 4, 11-4, and 12-4 Whitney Blankets
Marseilles anid Victoria Counlerpanes
Carlisle and Manchester Ginghams
Cassinlcts and Flaniels, very cheap
Huckiaback and Table Diqpers
French and English Meriiues
Cloths, Cassimneres, anid Vestings
Gentlemen's long and short Cotton and Merine Hose
Superior plain andi twilled Silk Handkerchiefs
Irish Linens and Long Cloth -i.. .- -:
Black Dditask and watered 1 .. .. for sofas
Heavy country made and domestic Flannels
Silk and wool mixed anid Thibet Flannels
Checks, Ticking, Burlaps, and Osnaburgs
Rich figured Btizes .- I (` _- i ,- ;... .
With -yt, variety of Ii.. ., 1 j;,.-r, German, Swiss, and
i,,.i. I t .- -.. I to which we call thia attention of purchasers.
-\1 :.. : .i. tor Macauley & Sons Philadelphia patent Floor
Oil i i .it,, -ere samples may be seen in store.
sept 20-3t WM. & GEO. STETTINIUS.
riIHE SUBSCRIBERS tave just received the following
T desirable goods:
Chene, Tartan, and Plain Mousselines de Laines
Blue-black, blue, cherry, and pink do
4-4 satin-striped and figured blue-black Silks
4 4 plain, fancy, and corded Silks
Blue-black Velvets, and corded do. for Scarfs
Tartan raw Silk, and worsted plaid do
6-4 anid 84 Chene Silk Shawls
Long white Gloves (new style)
Chene Cravats and linen-caimbric Handkerchiefs
Black Italian Silks and blue-black Gros de Swiss
Tartan Mits, and Frock Bodies for infants
Brussels Silk-net and Bishop Lawns
Linen Cambrics, French and Long Lawns
Marseilles and Canton Skirts
French and English Chimntzes
Corded Velvets and Gros de Africa
Cashmere Silk, and fine Cotton Hosiery, &c.
selt 20-3t WM. & GEO. STETTINIUS.
V HRIREAI) ED)GINGS AND LACES.-Just receive-
T. ed opposite Seven Buildings, a htlarge and beautiful assort-
ment of Thlread Edgings and Laces of entirely new styles, and
at prices lower than they have ever been rfered.
Also, a variety of Lisle, imitation, and bobinet edgings and
laces, of beautiful patterns foir trimming dresses, at 3, 4, amtil 6
cents, with camibric anrid muslin edgings and insertions, both wo-
ven and needle worked, by
sept 20-3t J. H. DRURY, West End.
NJIV ERSITY OF MARYLAND.-FACULTY OF
U PHYSIC.-Lectures in this Institution commence the first
Monday in September. Thie extension of the termi to six months
being required by the present state of medicine, and having imet
with universal approbation, the course will be prolonged to March
1st. The innovation being recent, only four months' attendance
will, for the present, be required. The course will be complete
to those who enter November 1st to 10th. Clinical Lectures as
usual in Baltimore Infirmary.
NATH. POTTER, M. D., Professor of Theory and Practice of
RICHARD "W. HALL, M. D., Professor of Hygiene, Medical
Jurisprudence, and Otstetrics.
SAMUEL G. BAKER, M. D., Professorof Materia Medica amid
WILLIAM E. A. AIKIN, M. D., Professor of Chemistry.
NtATHAN R. SMITH, M. D., Professor of Surgery aod Lec-
tured oa Aiatttmy.
ALEXANDER C. ROBINSON, M. D., Assistant Lecturer or
jtune 28-2aw4m N. R. SMITH, Dean.
U UNIVERSITY O1 PENNSYLVANIA. Medical
JDepartment.- Session 154l1-'42.--The Lecturcs
will commence on Monday the tst of November, and be continued,
under the follewiag arrangement, to the middle of March ensu-
Practice and Theory of Medicine-By NATHANIEL CHAPMOAN,
Cti.,',,:i,-P, P .t.i. ., HARE, M.D.
I'I.-l*, ...I_ M GC BsoN, M.D.
\. 2 III -1, .. ILI.. ?! E. HOnNERi M. D.
Institutes of Medicine-By SAMUEL JACKSO-, M. D.
Materia Medicaand Pharmacy-By GEOnGE B. Wooo, M. D.
Obstetrics and the Diseases of Women and Children-By Hucn
L. HOuGE, M. D.
Clinical Lectures on Medicine-PBy W. W. GERHARD, M. D.,
Aud Ci,,; IL.. 're- ,,, .'_ t -- Drs. GisoN iE HoaNEn,
w ill be il .,i- i a. ii ,. hi. .i ,t- ,i t. ispital, (B lock ley .) S tu-
dents are also admitted to the Clinical Instruction at the Pennsyl-
vania Hospital, in the city. W. E. HORNER,
Dean of the Medical Faculty, 263 Chesnit street, Phil.
ANTHOLOGY, A SYSTEMATIC SURVEY OlF
Hnman Kinowledge, illustrating the History, Relations,
Uses, and Objects of ill the Branches of Science, with a Synop-
sis of their Leading Facts and Principles, and a Select Catalogue
of Books on all subjects suitable for a cabinet library ; the whole
designed as a guide to study, anti as a popular directory on litera-
ture, science, and the arts; by Roswell Park, A. M. ; in one vo-
lume ; just published, and this day received for sle by
sept 10 P. TAYLOR.
Diatrictof Columbia, Washington county, to wit:
OHN R. ST. JOnN has applied to the Hon. Wilam
Cranch, Chief Judge of the Circuit Court of the District of
Columbia, to be discharged from imprisonment under the act for
the relief of insolvent debtors within the District of Columbia,
on Monday, fise 27th September instant, at 9 o'clock A. M., at
the court room, when and where his creditors are requested to
sep 21--3t WM., BRENT, Clerk.
SPEECH OF MR. BUCHANAN,
On the bill to establish a Fiscal Corporation, and in
reply to Mr. CLAY, of Kentucky.
IN SENATE UNITED STATES, SEPTEMBER 2, 1841.
Mr. AScuEB having concluded-
Mr. BUCHANAN rose in reply, and addressed the Sen-
ate nearly as follows: The Senator from Virginia concluded
his remarks by telling us that the Whig party had done a
great deal at this extra session. I admit that they have done
much; and they have done one thing for which the country
ought to be grateful-they have done for themselves. [A
laugh.] The gentleman quoted to us, on tine subject of our
abstractions, a couplet from Hudibras; but he stopped with
the first two lines. Let me supply the couplet immediately
following, which the Senator did not quote; but which, I
think, applies quite as well to the pretended difference between
the present bill and that which the President has returned to
us with his veto:
What mighty difference can there be
'Twixt tweedle-duto and tweedle-dee."
Before I conclude, I think I shall be able to show that, il
the President would have5 deserved the condemnation of all
honest men, had he approved the bill to establish a Fiscal
Bank, having rejected that, he will deserve riot only the con-
demnation, but the contempt and ridicule of all mankind, il
he shall sign the bill Io create this "Fiscal Corporation."
But, while 1 express this opinion, I do riot desire or intend to
say any li.2 which shall wound the feelings of my honor.
able friend tromt Virginia, (Mr. AriCHE :) Ior I can in all
truth and sincerity declare, that, if there is such a thing irt
the entire world of politics as an honest man, (and I doubt
not but there are many,) 1 believe my friend is that man. I
think, indeed, that he has, by some means, got himselfinvolv
ed in a strange delusion ; but, if tie has changed his opinion,
I certainly am not to blame lior not changing mine.
I desire to say a few things concerning this bank, before
execution shall have been done upom it either by the Presi-
dlent or thie Senate; for I believe no human being anticipate.
that such a thing as thie present b ill will ever become the law
of the land. I believe, further, that if all hearts here could
be searched, it would be found that this bill is not what gen-
tlemen on either side desire.
A word or two as to thie constitutional argument of the
Senator from Virginia. It I rightly apprehtiended the position
hetook, his character as a State t;._lI, man is gone forever.
The Senator from South Carolin ,..\%r. CALHOUN) need now
no longer apprehend .i tihu fr in that Senator's competing
with himn for the pahn ; he has avowed himself a consolida
tiounist and one of the I .i li *r. ,i- ,..,_i. of the sect. Th(
Senator says that the ( *..r.. it.-nu, .I Ill, United States hao
a right to purchase bills of exchange i that it may, if it plea
ses, instead of wagoning" thie specie (to use the Senator's
phrase) to the head-waters of the Missouri or Mississippi
purchase a bill, which will accomplish the same purpose
Undoubtedly it may; though, in practice, this is rarely, ii
ever done. There is not the least difficulty in the Govern
mnct's transferring its funds to our extreme Western frontier;
because even the very Indians will accept a Government bill
drawn ion New York, atud will prefer it to the specie, know-
;I,: that it can be sold at a premium anywhere in the tar Wesi
.r gold and silver. As the next :u1 i. I,;. r,_,,i,.ia.t ti,
Senator tells us that it is perfectly i,, iir..,. ri' lI, hall, hay
uig a right over a part, the Government must hive a right
over the whole: that, if it puso-esses the power, it tpossesve
the whole power: that a constitutional power cannot be bro-
ken into fragments; but if the power is given at all, the whoh
power must be given. Annl so, because the Government ma%
purchiiase a bill ot'exchange to discharge its .i, iI .i ii I.,
iVestern frontier, it canr thcrcfore set up a b ,i.' l b m. I,..
with a capital of fifty millions of dollars, .,.I i. i ... i
ihe power of dealing in bills, not only for tlhe purposes o
Government, but tor the use ot all the People of this country !
A proposition like this needs only to be stated. The met
wvho framed thie Constitutioun of the United States werejea
lous of Federal power, and I ht'y dealt it out to C..., :.; ,,'
a parsimonious hand. What do they say in the Constitu
'iot'n Any thing which gives th( -'i. ii. :t sanction to thi
Senator's doctrineI Not at all. I In ,. ir to transfer thi
public funds from onoe part of the country to another, by bill;
J,- iih.'- is palpable. Nobody denies it. But that im
i -'jl I r ,' r %, as a necessary infeience, that it has power it
deal in exchange to every extent ; to buy and sl II f.f. i -, i.bi-
between this country and Europe, arid hills i. n I .. Ir. i i
and State, in which it has no interest, is a position such as I
never heard, in all my life, from thie greatest arid most avow-
ed consohidationist. Why, at this rate, an ingenious expos
itor may make the Constitution mean anything or r.thir,.
But there is no foundation fir any construction or inference
in the case. Thie United States may, confessedly, buy am
sell bills of exchange as a means of transferring its funds:
this it has done uninterruptedly anid without objection for thf
last fifty years. But, before my astute andt very ingeniou-
friend front Virginia made the discovery, I believe it nevei
was dreamed of that such a simple power as this laid a foun-
dation for the erection of an immense bank of exchange.
If I understood the Senator from Georgia (Mr. BERRIEN
aright, he advanced a constitutional opinion such as I nevei
heard before, save from one other gentleman, (Mr. WEBSTER,)
that the power "to regulate commerce with foreign naliont
and among the several States, and with the Indian tribes,'
conferred upon Congress power to create a paper currency
as a medium with which to conduct commerce. The pre-
sent Secretary of State did advance, some years ago, thi.-
same latiludinous doctrine. I then contested it; and I an.
happy to say that the distinguished Senator from Kentucky
(Mr. CLAY) concurred with me in opinion. Congress ha.
power to regulate commerce: therefore, says the Senator
from Georgia, Congress possesses power to create a paper
currency, with which commerce may be conducted. This it
the doctrine. Yet even Ihis i.i ... 1i.,l, ...- as the posi-
tion of my friend from VirginiA, iMlr A, ,, i, ) A power
to regulate," means a power to "t create !" Were any twc
words in the English language ever better understood thari
these 1 To ri. ,- l,- is to prescribe rules for conducting
something that already exists. TIo "create," is to bring that
into existence which before had none. We know that the
Constitution had its origin mainly in the general wish to re-
gulate with uniformity thie commerce of this country. Pre-
vious to its adoption, the different States of the Confiederacy
had established different regulations, which they were al
ways changing; and hence no foreign Government woald
oIbrm commercial treaties with the then Government of thi
United States, which it could not enforce. Besides, the com-
mercial regulations of the different States were constantly in
conflict with each other. To remedy these evils, power was
conferred on the Federal Government to establish uniform
rules in relation to commerce, which should apply alike to all
the States. Up to the year 1I39, I never had imagined that
any human being could he found who would contend that
this simple power of prescribing rules for regulating our fo-
reign and domestic commerce involved the tremendous power
of r r, aiii,' 1a ,ink with a capital of fifty millions of dollars,
and il 1..%, r to issue a paper uit, n, v sufficient to supply
the demands of the country. Ht Inhe doctrine was then
advanced ; andt I advise the friends of a National Bank to
adhere to it. It answers their purpose much better to derive
their I lI;,.'- power, as the Senator from Massachusetts
then IJ, in .. the power to regulate commerce, than, as the
Senator from Kentucky (Mr. M... *_,, r.i now does, from the
power to collect, transfer, and disburse the public revenue
To derive it as an inference from the latter power, as John
Marshall has dune, is to involve it with a question of fact,
which might prove troublesome to its advocates. On their
own showing, the previous question must first be settled
whether a bank be necessary to Ihe collection, transfer, and
disbursement of the public revenue. But this vast commer-
cial power leaves all limitations behind. It mounts at once
into the air, and soars aloft to any height which bank advo-
cates may deem necessary to the accomplishment of their
design. If they want to create a paper currency, I tell them
that the commercial power is a better basis on which to place
it than the power over the revenue.
And here let me add one word to my friend from Kentuc-
ky, (Mr. MOtEHEaD.) He treated us to a long, and eloquent,
and able speech, in reply to one I had previously made; but
this reply was unfortunately confined to a single branch of a
single point in my argument; and neither he nor any other
Senator has yet so much as touched any one of the other
points which I made. The Senator's whole speech was di-
rected to the object of proving that the constitutionality of a
Bank of the United States was a settled question. Now,
admitting, for argument's sake alone, that the Senator suc-
ceeded in establishing his position that this is a settled ques-
tion, I ask how has it been settled 1 That Congress has
the absolute unconditional power to create, at pleasure, a
Bank of the United States' Not at all; but that if Con-
gress shall believe a bank to be a necessary agent in collect-
ing, transferring, and disbursing the public revenue, the Ju-
diciary will not undertake to decide this question of fact dif-
ferently, and declare the law to be unconstitutional, for this
reason alone. Now, John Marshall himselfmi.ght, if a mem-
ber of Congress, give his vote against the creation of a bank,
not believing it in fact to be necessary to execute the revenue
power of the Governmenti and yet act in perfect accordance
with every principle of his own decision in the case of Mc-
Gulloch against the State of Maryland. That decision
amounted only to this: that the court would not rejudge the
discretion of Congress ; but it necessarily referred the con-
stitutional question back to the conscience of each member
about to vote for or against a new bank, untramnmelled by
any judicial exposition. If members believe that a bank is a
necessary and proper instrument to execute the taxing power
of the Government, and can thus reconcile it to their con-
sciences to declare it to be constitutional, aid pass a bill cre-
ating it, the court have decided that they will not reverse
this legislative decision. And yet this is the source whence
has been drawn the unfair, the unjust, the monstrous infer-
ence that John Tyler has had a rule prescribed to him which
makes it his duty to approve a bank charter, notwithstanding
the Supreme Court have expressly devolved it upon Con-
gress and on the President to decide that question, in the
first instance, for themselves.
I said some days ago, in the language of a great man, that
there was but one step from the sublime to the ridiculous;
and that, in my opinion, the Whig party had taken that step
when they determined to establish this kite-flying fiscality."
My remark, at best, was not of much value; but such as it
was, it had been stolen by the reporter of the National Intel-
ligencer, and put into the mouth of the Senator from Ken-
tucky. [A laugh.] I do not complain of this, for I very
sincerely desire that he had both said it and thought it. And
here let me say, in relation to this great political partly of the
Whigs, it might have originated the boldest and the worst
measures, it might have struck directly at the very vitals of
the Constitution, and yet, such is the influence of party feel-
ing, that, notwithstanding this sacrilegious blow, it might
have still survived. But let me tell its leaders that the moment
it rendered itself ridiculous, it pronounced its own doom. The
Senator from Virginia, indeed, spoke of the Whig party as
already dead. In the opinion of that honorable Senator, the
party was already past and gone.
[.1r A,.. ,,. here explained, stating that what he had said
was ihi?" "iat'lN party Tigone, if the President, by his
action, should throw the Whigs upon the ground occupied
by their late opponents.]
Mr. B. Very well; theepitaph of the party may be l.,r-fly
written. On its tombstone the historian may inscribe :' i
partly died not in the intellectual strife of giant minds; it per-
ished not upon the open field of manly battle; but a more
Sergeant in its own ranks administered to it a dose of poison
more fatal than hellebore, in the form of a Fiscal Corpora-
tion.'" Sir, but three short months ago this triumphant
party came into these halls, glorying and exulting in its great
and splendid victory. The hero of a hundred fights was at
its head, whose spirit would, I thought, have always mounted.
Yet, notwithstanding the immense majority it wielded, not-
withstanding the wisdom and experience of its commanding
general, it has sunk step by step, till at length we have seen
it descend to this miserable bill-to establish a Fivcal Cor-
poration." Why, sir, we are told, in the reports of the Na-
tional Intelligencer, that, when this bill was presented in the
other Hlouse, it was received with shouts of laughter; and I
suppose the fact will not be disputed on this side of the House,
considering the source from whence I have derived the infor-
nation. There is one case recorded in history bearing a re-
semblance to the attempt to establish a National Bank. It is
that of Charles James Fox, who introduced into Parliament
his far-famed East India bill, which would have enabled him
to grasp the wealth and power of India, and to use them as
he means of overawing the King and controlling the People.
Mr. Fox failed in this great attempt; but when he failed, fie
lid not fall back on a "Fiscal Bank;" and, failing in that,
eink so low as a Fiscal Corporation." No; there was somne-
Ihing grand and noble in an old-fashioned Hamiltonian Batink
if the United States. If it were a palpable usurpation on the
Constitution of the United States, still it was a manly usur-
patlion, It marched like a monarch into the States of the
Union, and established itself and its branches where it
pleased, without regarding their assent or dissent. It did not
-kulk into this District of ten miles square, and then stealthily
iteal out into the States, where the States did riot positively
turbid. How are I,..- mi.Iyv fallen Tell it not in Gathb,
publish it not in the -lrvm1,- -I Askalon," that the great, the
triumphant the dominant, the irresistible Whig party, has
iunk to this thing called a "Fiscal Corporation !" And,
'rom what the Senator from Virginia says, I doubt whether
hey will even get that. They may fy their kite at the White
[Here Mr. ARCHER interposed. "As to the White Biouse,
tou know what is passing there much better than I. Your
arty, I believe, know more about the interior of that mansion
ihan the Whigs do."]
Mr. B. I am sorry the honorable Senator from Virginia
_3 mistaken. 1 hope it may be so before long. Theinhabit-
int of that mansion has shown himselfto be a man of mettle.
tie has niot abandoned all his old Virginia principles, to be-
'ome tie tool of a party from which hie differs on nearly all
lie great points of its policy. This Fiscal Corponration is, I
presume, the ultimatum with the Whig party. You may fly
your kite at the White House; but your hill will return poro-
ested. The President will fly no kite back again b1voref.
ihe limnils of this District, without the free consent iIt.,
States being first had and obtained. I think thiu is certain,
nrom his vet, ,-u.r.,-s And, what my friends on this side of
*ie House %,l ..n.ti.r worse than all, be will not inferIthe
assent of the States, either from the silence of thtir Legisla-
urea or their refusal to dissent. What his further views
ipon the subject may be, it is impossible for me to say.
The bank which you propose to establish by this bill is a
perfect speculator's bank. All the bulls" and the bears,"
mid other speculating animals in Wall street, will hail it
with exceeding great joy ; while all other men, to whatever
,arty they may belong, will have reason for sorrow and la-
nentation. Your industrious mechanic-your discreet re-
ail merchant-your plain farmer-your enterprising and in-
genious manufacturer-will get no accommodation there :
none. It is an exchange bank, confined to buying and sell-
ing foreign bills of exchange, including bills drawn on one
State or Territory and payable in another. To deal with
such an institution a man must be known on 'Change; he
must have foreign correspondents. You can't fly your kite
from one city to another within the same State. This bank
is to deal in kite-flying only between different States. Now,
Mr. President, what is kite-flying-for I hold the contrary
-entiment to that advanced by the Senator from Missouri,
(Mr. BENTON ;) and I maintain that the '" lit flvr t'n.,' a I-
ity" is a better name for this institution than hi,- nn th i'l,
bank." Let me explain my notion of it; and, if I am wrong,
here are gentlemen here who, no doubt, understand a great
leal more about it than I do, and who will kindly put me
right. Kite-flying, then, as 1 understand it, is never predi-
cated on a real business transaction. A speculator in Phila-
lelphia, wishing to raise the wind to the amount of a hundred
thousand dollars, cannot obtain the money from this bank on
in accommodation note, as he could have done from an old-
fashioned Bank of the United States; and to what expedient
inmust he resort for this purpose 7 He gets a brother specula-
tor in New York to consent that he may draw a bill of ex-
change on him. The Fiscal Corporation, which cannot dis-
count his note, buys his bill thus drawn ; and he puts the
money in his pocket. The bill, at.' maturity, is not paid
in money by the New York specator; but he squares the
account by simply drawing another bill back on the specula-
tor in Philadelphia. This second bill, when due, is also sa-
'isfied by merely drawing a second bill on the speculator in
New York; and so they keep it going backward aad for-
ward between the two cities as long as they please. This,
in the technical language on 'Change, is called kiL 1,,i'..-.
The bank, meanwhile, pockets the legal interest, anml ]i nu,. ti
more as it can get for exchange. This process evades the
usury laws, and enables it, without danger, to demand arind
receive more than legal interest for discounting bills.
Now, gentlemen will perceive at once how exclusively this
fiscality will become a speculator's bank. A plain mechanic
goes to the counter, and asks an accommodation for a mode-
rate sum-say from five hundred to five thousand dollars-
on a promissory note, with good endorsers, and what is the
answer 1 We can't accommodate you, sir; we oily deal
in exchange." The poor man turns away disappointed, and
walks out without his money. But, as he passes along, there
comes in one of these kite-flying speculators-fellows who
are up to the tricks of trade. He resides in Philadelphia,
and draws his bill on the city of Camden, within five minutes
run across the Delaware, fsr five, ten, or twenty thousand
dollars. That is no accommodation note ; oh no! it is a bill
of exchange; and while the poor mechanic did not know
how to do the thing, the more adroit speculator gets all he
Now, 1 shall not assert that this bill was drawn with a
view to benefit speculators ; but I do say it will accomplish
that purpose as effectually as if this had been the intention of
its framers. In several essential particulars it is worse,
much worse than the Fiscal Bank bill of the Senator from
Kentucky, which has been vetoed by the President. It is
not true, as has been asserted, that this bill is a mere copy
of the former bill, with no other change except what was
necessary to confine the corporation to dealing in exchange.
When 1 heard it suggested on this floor that an officer of the
present Bank of the United States had been consulted in the
preparation of the new bill, I was at once aware that it would
be necessary to scrutinize its provisions with the utmost care;
and this task I have performed. The Senator from .'iin'.l.'.
tells us that if the bill becomes a law, the stock will all be
taken. Taken! My examination of Ihe bill induces me to
say, undoubtedly it will. Nay, more, there will be a scram-
ble for it. More stock will probably be subscribed in one
day, than the whole amount of the capital of the bank ; and
why 1 Because it is a bank exactly accommodated to the
purposes of speculators. The Senator from New York (Mr.
WBtOHT) had some old-fashioned notions on the subject of
banking. He thought it was not right that a man should sub-
scribe for stock in the Fiscal Bank, and pay for it not in money,
but in loans obtained from the bank itself on the security oft ho
stock subscribed. It is true that past experience was in his
favor, because the late Bank of the United States had been
nearly ruined in the first years ofils existence by these stock
notes; and by their use many banks have been brought into
existence, whiah were mere frauds upon ihe public. Hence
that Senator proposed as an amendment, to which the honor-
able Senator trom Kentucky assented, that such loans to
stockholders to pay for their stock should be excluded, and
that every subscriber should be compelled to pay his subacrip-
in ol ant sAlver. But no such ri.", rul- p.r' ill.- in
tr,, bank in regard to individuals. Thi, Li.jiternii.iUt is a
part stockholder, and it alone is required to pay up its seven
millions in hard specie or its equivalent. But what must the
speculator pay 7 There will be only ten per cent. required
from him in money as a first instalment, arid he can meet the
remaining ninety per cent. of his subscription by a stock bill
of exchange, or by borrowing the gold and silver out of the
seven million fund placed inii this bank by the Government.
This is one important and striking difference between the
present bill and that advocated by the Senator from Ken-
tucky. The subscriber may fly his kite on New York or
Philadelphia, and thus pay f,r his stock. As a proof that this
difference exists, let me refer the Senate to the fourteenth fun-
damental article of the bill to create the Fiscal Bank, where
they will find the following wise provision, which has been
omitted in the present bill:
Nor shall the said directors, either of the said principal ba .k
or of any branch or office of discount and deposit, sr any agency,
discount, or suffer to be discount ', or receive in payment, or stif-
fer to be received in payment, any note or other evidence ofdeli
as a payment of or upon any instalment of the said capital stock
actually called for and required to be paid, or with the intent of
providing the means of making such payment; nor shall any of
the said directors receive or discount, or suffer to be received or
discounted, any note or other evidence of debt, with intent of en-
abling any stockholder to withdraw any part of the money paid in
by him on his stock."
It is not intended to suffer this bank to confine itself to real
business transactions. If it were thus confined, it might, to
a certain extent, be of considerable use. A man in one por-
tion of the Union, who had funds in another, might draw
upon those funds, and thus, without trouble, obtain his money
at the place of his residence. But dealing in bona fide bills
alone will not answer. There must be kite-flying; there
must be accommodation paper; or, if that were not intended,
it will at least be the effect, and that to a vast extent. Ac-
cordingly, in order to make this an easy process for the specu-
lating gentry, the provision contained in the Fiscal Bank bill
of the Senator from Kentucky, intended to limit its business
to real transactions, has been stricken from this kite-flying
Aicality. The twentieth fundamental article of his btll pro-
No paper shall be discounted, nor any loan made by said bank
for a longer period than one hundred and eighty days ; nor shall
any note, or bill, or other debt, or evidence of debt, be renewed
or extended by any engagement or contract of said bank, after tlhe
time for which it was negotiated shall have expired."
This was a wise, a salutary provision. It would have con-
fined the dealing in exchange to the actual wants of the coun-
try, had it been rigidly and faithfully enforced. But this, too,
has been omitted; and the effect will be ta make it the easi-
est thing in the world, by drawing bills backwards and for
wards between different States, to furnish all the accommo-
dations that speculators can desire. Bills of exchange may
be discounted having years to run; and they may be renew-
ed, when due, by the substitution of new bills, during an in-
definite period, without any restriction whatever. Could the
most unreasonable speculator desire more than this 7
There is a third striking difference between the two hills.
The former bill went on the presumption that members ol
Congress are men of mortal mould; that thiy possess the
same passions and the same frailties as other men; that they
are neither better nor worse than their fellow-citizens; ato
that, as it depended upon the vote of the two Houses of Con-
gress whether proceedings should be instituted to forfeit its
charter in case it were violated, they ought not to have any
accommodations from the bank, lest they might thus bh
swerved from their integrity of purpose. This, to be sure,
was a very severe restriction ; because gentlemen may desire,
like some of their predecessors, to form another Congressional
land company; and it might be very convenient to obtai,
money on kite-flying bills, as some of their predecessors hat
d(lone. Under similar circumstances, it would certainly be a
very convenient matter for a member of Congress to fly a kit>
as far as Baltimore for ten or twenty thousand dollars, and
no doubt he would find the bank extremely accommodating
Another advantage is, that, if he should not be able to pay at
maturity, there is not the least danger that he will be ever
publicly exposed. I believe it is a rule in love never to kiss
and tell; and this rule has been most l.riii, '-i- ..1- rved
by the old corrupt and rotten Bank of i .h ULie,. ,I1 L ,-. I1
that bank accommodated members of Congress-and we know
it did to an immense amount-it has always refused to giv(
up their names. The tears and the groans of the widow,
and orphans whom it has ruined have ascended to Heaven and
accused its directors. These directors have been changer
again and again, but still they have kept the secret. No re-
solves and no efforts of this body, or of the other House, hav*
ever been able to extort it from them. There is among tht
secret arcana of that bank a document known by the name o
the suspended list," which, if ever published, would givt
the information; but every human being who has had access
to that paper has most religiously kept the secret. If the'
had riot, it mn iy be that men who now hold their heads very
high, and who occupy distinguished stations in the State,
would be covered with shame anid humbled in the very dust
Could that list be procured, it is at least possible that we might
learn how bank accommodations can be paid off by the trans-
fer of lots in lithographed paper cities and valueless Western
lands. Happily, under this bill these golden opportunities
will again be afforded, and the wind will again prove fair foi
members of Congress to fly their kites as well as other men.
And here let me point out something of the working ot
this new patent machine. Why, sir, to use a Western phrase,
it will go without greasing;" there will be no manner ol
difficulty in the way. The borrower in Philadelphia will, as
I told you, draw his bill on some far remote city in another
State, such as Camden; and when his bill is due, his bona
jfide correspondent in Camdencan draw back on him jurit such
another on Philadelphia; and thus, without discounting a
single promissory note, the bank can lend more money aind
make more profit than if its discounting power were without
restriction. I was really astonished to hear the gentleman
from Virginia (Mr. ARCHEI) assert, whilst he denounced th(
power of discount as being so immense and so dangerous
and so utterly inadmissible, that this other power of dealing
in exchanges was the most benign, the most be-eficent, and
the most felicitous power that ever was devised by man ; antm
that a bill which conferred it should, as a matter of course
unite in its favor the votes of all the Whig party. Their
there is the city of New York and Jersey City. If the ho-
norable Senatoe should at any time want a loan, he has only
to fly his kite across the Hudson river, and he can readily be
[Mr. ARCHER. I never drew a bill which had one charac-
ter and asserted another.]
Yes, but when you establish a bank of such a character aF
this, you must expect that such consequences will follow. A
bank from which all restrictions are taken away, and at whosi
counter the whole speculating world is invited to borrow-
from such a bank what else can you expectI It will loan
money on bills of exchange, instead of loaning on promissory
notes ; and, for my soul, I cannot perceive any essential dif-
ference between the two modes. The only effect in thus
changing the form, will be to induce men to commit fraud.
Instead of drawing on real funds, they will draw bills on
places where they have nothing to answer them. They wili
thus make their loans, and the bank make its profits, wi h
this only difference, that they will have to pay a little more
for their money, while the bank will receive a larger interest,
in the name of a premium, than the law would allow it to
take on the discount of a promissory note. I can see that
aome cities-and cities of great business, too-will tterive
little benefit from this bill. Buffalo, for example, and Pitts-
burg will both be in a bad fix ;" for Buffalo cannot draw
on New York, nor Pittsburg on Philadelphia. And why ?
Because, under this wise bill, two cities in the same State
cannot draw on each other. I cannot imagine how the mer-
chants who conduct the immense flout and other business of
Buffalo will be able to obtain accommodations-unless, in-
deed, they resort to flying kites to the Canada shore, atd thus
present foreign bills to the bank for discount. Cincinnati
will be well off because Newport is just across the river, and
the drawer and the acceptor will be almost within hail of each
other. This machine, such as I have described it, will regu-
late the price of every commodity in the country, and it will
be done by this kite-flying process.
There are on the stock exchange two classes of specula-
tors: the one called bears," and the other bulls." The
business of gambling assumes different forms at different
times. Gambling at "all fours," at "loo," at faro," &c.
has gone out of fashion. The fashion new is to gamble in
stocks. Those who play at the game are either bears or bulls.
The bear does what he can to depress the price of stocks in
tie market, whilst the bull is equally intent upon raising it.
The bear wagers with the bull that on a certain day (three
months, for example, after the date) a particular stock will
be ten per cent. lower than at present. So to work they both
go-the one to depreciate, the other to enhance the price of
this stock. Hence there is a constant struggle going on be-
tween these two classes. As this gambling assumes the form
of an agreement by the bear to transfer to the bull a certain
amount of stock at a fixed price on a future day, which is
called "selling on time," the bulls often combine to buy up
all of a particular stock in the market before the day of trans-
fer arrives, so that the bears cannot fulfil their contracts; in
which case they are compelled to pay "smart money," and
then they are said to be cornered," (a phrase, by the bye,
more appropriate than headed," as applicable to Captain
Tyler, when the modus operandi is to push this kite-flying
fisacality at him.) Such being the state of things, these gam-
blers in stocks will enter into a fierce struggle as to which
class shall be the directors of the branch agencies, because
they can then elevate or depress the price of every kind of
stock, as well as of all other property throughout the entire
country, just as it shall suit their purposes of speculation.
And this, forsooth, is the sort of fiscality which President
Tyler is expected to approve, after having placed his deliberate
veto upon what was, comparatively, a respectable institution.
This is the question on which the great Whig party are to
go before the People, and in regard to which they suppose
they can disturb the serenity of the public mind by denounc-
ing John Tyler for his refusal to sign the bill. A cabinet
which would go out of office on such a question as this would
subject themselves to scorn and ridicule.
But this Fiscal Corporation is to regulate domestic ex-
changes. Really, Mr. President, I thought we had heard
enough on that point. Regulate the exchanges! Why, the
exchanges are regulated at this moment, and as well regulat-
ed as they have been for many years past. There seems to
exist a general conspiracy among the public journals to impose
upon their unreflecting readers in relation to this matter. The
exchange list, for instance, will tell you that the exchange
between New York and Detroit is fifty per cent.; but what
is that fifty per cent. 1 It is, in truth, only the difference be-
tween the value of gold and silver in New York and the bills
of some Wild Cat bank in Michigan. (That, I think, is the
name of this sort of money.)
(Mr. EN'roN, across: t1 Red Dog-,']g0
1 neyer heard it called Red Dog," but, for aught I know,
that may he the proper name. 1 have in my pocket a letter
from Detroit, assuring me that excbanige is as low as it ever
was before; the ieal difference between hard money in De-
troit and hard money in New York being only front one to i
one and a half per cent. Anid yet this bill is to regulate ex-
changes! Unless under very extraordinary circumstances
the rate of exchange always regul.ites itself. It is the course I
of commerce hat regulates time exchanges between any two i
places in thie same country ; an mlthe I rue rate of exchange
between one place and another consists only of the cost of
the transportation antid insurance on gold and silver. Ex-
Iri..'.- between New York and Philadelphia is quoted at 2
t.. I 11 r cent. And why I This is tihe difference Isetween gold
and silver in New York anti the depreciated paper circulating
in Philadelphia. Let us no longer indulge the hope of estab-h
fishing this, or any other fiscal t'rl.im rvnrpor, lion like it.
Let John Tyler send us a good e I.-- i.,.I..,. I Jackson veto,
which wdl place the bank question at rest as long as lie shall
continue President, arid the public mind will settle down into
a state of calm anid tranquillity ; and in less than six months
the commercial business of the country will again lie pros-
perous. How is this business conducted in Europe? Do
their banks deal in exchange Very little, if any. Aind
yet 1 can take a letter of credit at St. Petersburg, travel with
it all over the continent, and not pay more than a very small
premium. To talk of exchange being 10 anid 20 per cent
between place and place in the United States, is to suppose
that people do not understand the difference between gold
and silver anid a depreciated paper currency.
1 say, further, let our domestic manufacturers beware of
this bill. The Fiscal Corporation is to deal in exchange be
tween this and foreign countries. 'This will greatly increase
the importation of foreign goods, by affording the easiest mode
of payment. Duties will be collected in bank paper instead
of gold and silver, in consequence of the repeal of the inde-
pendent treasury. Large accommodations will be obtained
by our importing merchants front rhis corporation, and the
.ui.m.- will be inundated with foreign goods. Pass thepre-
i, .,itl and this object can easily be accomplished. A friend
of mine said to msem conversations, that this bill ought to pass
because the bankrupt bill had passed. Now I think that we
should have passed the fiscality first, to enable the specula-
tors to run in debt beyond their meanrs of payment; and af-
ierwards have passed the bankrupt bill, to enable them to dis-
charge their obligations in thie easiest manner possible. [A
And now I have one word to say on the late Presidential
veto, and then I shall have done. It has been said thliat John
Tyler was bound hby the fidelity which he owed his party tu
approve the bill for a Fiscal Bank. I deny it altogether, and
say that if he had approved that bdill lihe would have deserved
to be denounced as a self-de-,troyer, as lalse to the whole
course of hits past life, false to every principle of honor, and
false to the sacred obligation of his oath to support the Con-
stitution. He had declared again and again that such a bank
was unconstitutional; anid yet hlie i denounced because lie
did not render himsilt infamous by an utter disregard of that
instrument. The President had but one righteous course be-
fore him ; and had lie taken any other, it would not only
have blasted his own character, but it would have fixed a iblt
on the history of his country to all future t.eonrsttioIs How
was he committed I. ; i a bill which he t L-i.ii, i,.. be uon-
constitutienal 1 \Vt|tI was the history of the Harrisburg
Convention 1-and it will be remembered that I do not live
far from that celebrated place. How was that convention
composed? It contained, I admit, many men of the highest
respectability ; but, in a political view, it was made up ol
all nations and people, and kindred, anid tongues." Black
spirits anid white, blue spirits and gray," aill mingled their
counsels there to attain a single end-an available candidate
for the Presidency. In this they succeeded; anid the result
was to turn Mr. Van Buren out and put themselves in. The
infidel philosopher Volney, in his celebrated Ruins of Em-
pires," presents us with an imaginary picture of an assem-
blage in which all the i, ;.- ,... .,fthe earth were collect-
ed i ... in .r. i, in.. i ,dt in , il..n.-hi ._ their respectivecreeds;
anid -j.- it u i ..-.sued s might put to shame that at
the tower of Babel. Just so would it have been at Harris
'i.r.d mf they had attempted to discuss any political principles
7"'. was the abolitionist, ready to call dotwn fire from Hea-
ven to annihilate slavery from the face of I he earth ; anid side by
side with him sat the honorable and high spirited Southern
slaveholdhter. Therewas the anti mason, whose motto was" De-
struction to all secret societies," mingling in sweet commu-
nmion with the bak director, who, with the fidelity of a ves-
tal, had preserved the secrets of his prison-house. There
was the consolidationist, holding, as my friend from Virginia
dotes, that the mere power to buy a bill of exchange vestedI
it Congress the power to create an exchange batik ; whilt
hand in hand with him we mimht see the hm.r I- inI .ir i
constructionist, who will hardly allow to '. 6- ,t in.,r I
power to do any thing. In that one motley assembly were to
be seen all colorui and shades of political opinion. From ab-
solute necessity, not from choice, they were compelled to ai
,tain from .i nk.in iy public declaration of their principles.
Nuw, if Jot I I- r had a right to infer any thing from the
.-..ii. - .1' that body, it was that he would he at liberty to
oppase a Bank of the United States. Certain leaders of that
convention were, it is true, in favor of a bank ; but while the
convention as a body selected well known anti-bank men as
thtir chosen candidates for the Presidency and Vice Presiden-
cy, were those candidates to infer that they must change all
their opinions and become bank men otn
Sir, I deplored the death of General IHarison from the deep
respect I entertained for his name and character, however
nuch I may have differed from his political principles. But
Gen. Harrison was, par excellence, an anti-bank man. All his
public declarations, up to thie very moment oi the election,
stablish this fact. Nay, more; we, who have been denounced
as the locoifoco, barn-burning, agrarian portion of our party,
because we assert the constitutional right to repeal a public
corp ration intrusted with the sovereign power of managing
nhe finances of the country, when the public interest demands
it, may claim him as a brother in the faith ; for when a reso-
lution was introduced into the House, in 1819, to repeal at a
ingle blow the charter of the late bank, lie voted ia its favor.
Arid as to John Tyler, hoe has so often declared himself
against a Bank of the United States, that there is no need I
should specially refer any gentleman to his opinions on that
subject. There they both were, holding these opinions, aind
having openly avowed them ; and it is utterly impossible that
the members of this convention should have been ignorant of
rthe fact. The convention, then, made no avowal of its prin-
ciples. Arid what was the voice of the People?' 1 can truly
say that, during the whole election campaign, I never saw
one single resolution in favor of a national bank, which had
been passed by any Whig meeting in any part oh the country.
In some of the States a bank might have been popular; many
of the leaders certainly desired it; but that was an issue
which they carefully kept fiom the public eye. The Senator
tromin Vii_;; i (Mr. RIvEs) denounced a bank, as he has in-
formoe. c-, ll over that State; and the Senator from New
York (Mr. TALLMADGEO) has admitted that in his public
speeches he was silent on the subject. i hid I,.-u.i that it
any State in the Union was favorable to a -' k it mm--i have
been Ohio ; yet, in the Richmond Enquirer there is a letter
from the present Secretary of the Treasury to his friend, L
D. Barker, Esq., from which a very different inference may
be drawn. I shall read an extract from it:
IANCASTER, (0.) July 18, 1840.
My DEAR SiR : OU my return from C01touinbus this eveninIg,
i received o our letter, infoie miig ni;e that it was asserted at it pb
lit meeting in Washington county, that in a speech at Philadel-
phia 1 had said nlie true question between the parties was a Bank
of the United States; and hf/a/ you, from ai '-,r"\.1.'. --./mhe
real question, and of me, had contradicted : ,. .. -.-. In
this, o! course, you were perfectly safe. 1 madc no such state-
ment, but the very contrary &c. &c.
In the State of Pennsylvania I know that the establish-
ment of a national bank was nowhere made the issue. I assert,
then, that all the evidence we have is toer, and none against,
the fact stated in the President's Message-that the Peopule
,fthe United States never had declared themselves in favor
of a bank.
The whole spectacle presents to us a memorable moral.
Divines have said that national sins are always visited by na-
tional punishment ; tuecause, ii a future state, retributive jus-
tice cannot reach nations collectively. And for the same rea-
son, a violation of principle by any political party is sure, in
the end, to meet its appropriate reward. Where, on the face
of the earth, can another example be found, of a great, influ-
ential, and highly talented party, having assembled together
from all parts ot tho country, amd, when collected in one
grand convention, having refused mo announce to the world
amy political principles The Whigs expected to rouse the
nation to a struggle which should displace their adversaries;
but they announced no principles fir the public eye." And
when we asked them tor their political creed, they always re-
ferred us to the public declatatioms of their candidates. Well,
what was the punishment of this double-dealing1 It was,
that a party, whose leaders desired a Bank of the United
States above all other things, should have been so infatuated
as to select as their candidates two decidedly anti-bank men.
There was but one principle in which the whole Whig
party seemed to be unanimous, and that was-in proscribing
proscription. Their vow was to put an end, forever, to the
maxim, that "o the victors belong the spoils." And yet, the
venerable patriot who had often bared his breast in battle to
the enemies of his country, was, in less than a single month,
hunted to death by the importu.ity of Whig office-seekers. A
friend offered to show me a medical pamphlet, published in
the city of Philadelphia, declaring that it was from this cause
that President Harrison came to his death.
I say that President Tyler could not have done otherwise
than veto that bill, ifhe wished to preserve his character as an
honest man. He must have done it from necessity, if not
from choice. He could not have approved and signed that
bill, without exhibiting to the American People the disgrace-
ful spectacle of a high public officer contradicting all the pro-
fessions of his past life, and giving the lie to all his own often
avowed principles. A rumor exists, we have bees told on
this floor, that the veto was given against the unanimous
opinion of the Cabinet. And suppose it was ; who is respon-
sible to the People of the United States for conducting the
Government? Is it not the President'? Undoubtedly he
ought to consult the opinions of the Cabinet. But if he and
his Cabinet cannot agree in sentiment, which is to yield, the
Cabinet or the President' Certainly, according to the the-
ory of our Government, it is the Cabinet. I was glad to find
in the official organ of the Administration, such good old-
fashioned democratic doctrine as I saw there a few days
since. It is true, I was not, to every extent, in favor of" the
unit;" but I would say, in behalf of the article to which I re-
fer, that it is one of the best I have ever read, and one that
would not disgrace the palmiest days of the Democratic Aid-
ministration. If the President cannot agree with his Cabinet,
or if the (tabinct cannot agree with the President, I do
say what ought to be the consequence. 1 have [to feeling
the subject. It matters nothing to me who are in or who
out of office.
The Senator from Kentucky tells us that he never s
President Tyler ought to have resigned, bat only that re
nation was one of the alternatives before him. A Presidt
resign A President who had been but three months
power resign his place Whly, sir, this is almost a moral
possibility, so deeply is the love of pow er rooted in the hum
breast. No President will ever think of doing any s
thing. In the whole range of history I recollect but two
morable instances of the kind: one was that of the Rot
Emperor Diaclesian; and the other of the Emperor Cha
V. The Roman Emperor, you know, went to raising c
ages, as Mr. Van Buren is now doing; and Charles bu
himself before hie was dead-a very fit emblem of the co
tion of a President who should resign his office that he m
suffer a bill for a Fiscal Bank to become a law !
[Mr. B. resumed his seat amidst a general laugh.]
THE NEW WORLD.
A Journal of Popular Literature, Science, and the Art
EDITED BY PARK BENJAMIN.
This elegant and comprehensive newspaper is acknowled
by all classes to be thie BEST PUBLICATION IN AMERICA. It
already attained a circulation ot very neatly twenlyfive thus
copies per week, although established less than two ycaus. Alie
have been given in its ample columns new u...k 1- i .... i
lar wiitcrs in Great Britain and America, ,, s.-i. .. .. I ,. 1
print ; and having engaged an artist of talent, whose lime is
cliiovely emplo'yel in preparing embellishinments for thie N
WORLD, it will hereafter, as it has done since time colnmencer
of the new volume, (July I,) give two or more exquisite ENORi
INGS ON WOOD it each number, and thus increase the interest
value of our sheet, and place it immeasurably ahead of all new
per enterprises ever before established.
Charles O'Malley, the IrIsh iDragoon,
is published in the NEW WORLD in advance qf any other ne
paper, having been purchased in PdOOF SHEETS of tie aiutl
publishers in Dublin. Back numbers containing all the first.
,nme, antd parts of the second volume, will be furnilieed to
subscribersi, 1 ., payment of a year'a subscrii.tion in cur
money, free i ,- '.
Terms of tGilt'-eu i1-..i.
THREE DOLLARS a year, I-I\ I1 -i'i I \ Im for two y
payable always in ardvant \ 'j -idiviidual, or postunas
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age, in current funds, shali receive a sixth copy -r',i- "re y
Notes oh the solvent chartered bunks of the New I i m Slat
sandut of the States of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, D
ware, Maryland, Virginia, (except 1%.--. -:.i and Northi
South Carolina, will bie received atil par. Address (post paid)
J. WIN(CHESTER, 30 Ann street, New York, o
F. TAYLOR, Bookseller, Washingta
N1 R. and Mrs. STREETER's Boarding and I
JA School for Voting Ladies, Saratoga, near Courtl
street, Baltimore, Md.-This In-titution is situated in the i
elevateI and heathhiful part of thie city, and is especially dersi
for thie accommodation of pupils fromE tie Southern, Mid hoe,
Western States. In the arrangement of its various departau
in convenience, in extent and variety of philosophical and Cheei
apparatus, and in the fuidness and i, i . -. f he course
struction, it is not suirpassed by '., i i ......- 1 of the kin
In French, two excellent teachers give constant instruction,
especial regard is pai I .--, - ---'.'.... r. i.u I -,.-'., -
T hie other modern ;i' l hi,, j.. niin iiu, .: u' r *
Drawing and Patinng, Dancing, &e.
The Principals have the exclusive control of the English
Classical Departments, and no pupils are entrusted to assistant
Tihe session for tire coming year commences on Mlonday
6th of September. Applications may be made, either by I-
orpersonally, to thIe Principals, at tie Institution, and prospect
will he sent whenever desired.
RZrFRENCEs.-Rev. Dr. Johns, John B. Morris, John GIl
C. C. Jamison, Edward Hinkley, Charles R. Carroll, Charle
Mayer, H. W. Evans, and Johln 1. Donaldson, Baltimore, M
lhnd, Levin Stanforth, Calvert county, Md.
& RENICHi INSTRUCTION.-Mr PIOTRKOWALE\
having returned to the city, offers his services as a con
tent instructor of the French language, and will be happy to
on any families, or single persons, wiho may favor him with -
patronage, at such stated hours as may be desired. His terms
veryiumoderate. For character and competency lie refers to all t
genilemeii in whose families eli has heretofore given instrue
and among them has permission to name the Hont. Mr. Beni
of the Senamite, Mr. Matthew St. C!air Clarke, Gen. Weight
and Mr. Seaton ; also Mr. Hallowell, of the Alexandria Board
school, Miss C. English, Georgetown, Joseph S. Wilson, Es
Washington. sept 20-c,'
F OR wALE, two brick Houses, two stories hiilh, each
training six good rooms, with cellars, and a puinr of e:
lent water near them. The lots Iront 125 feet on 4J street,
75 feet on N stimc-t, sumth. They have good tenants, and wi
sold low, yielding an interest of from twelve to fifteen per
on the purchase monev, a part only of which will he requiire
be paid down. Inquire of lDyer & Wright. sept I-cot
$1,000 will be taken for thie above property.
7Ir1El celebrated Durham Cow Lady Althoe
i h1th a ba.autitul Cow Calf at hier side, for s
The subscriber offers foir sale the above celebrated milch C
with a beautiful Calf at ier side, about six weeks old. The
is warranted imported, andl of best blood; the Calf by impr
Rockhingihamn. Thie Cow Lady Althorp" took the premimu
the Fair in Connecticut, for one of the best milch Cows in
State. They can be seen at any time at my brother Ho
Dyer's, at Notley Hall Farmi, in Prince George's county, M
land, opposite Alexandria, where pedigree and every thing in
lation to the animal can be explained.
Any gentleman wishing 'o improve his breed of cattle hasn
p-- ,d t portunity of doing so. P artieulars may also be had u
i .. .. to m e
aupt 21-3tifcpTu&Th E. DYEI
J_ I E It. . r"itl I M'-, O N, Merchant Tailor,
joining -i N. ,. .- Hotel, ias just rece
from NowY .ka fine assortment of French and English chli
casitnieres, and vesting, scarfs, cravats, stocks, and suspend
all of which will be sold low for cash or to puLetnal customer
A CARI.-The subscriber begs respectfully tom inform
A lndies ,andi gentlemen mof Washington and its vicinity
be has taken tihe store lately occupied by Mr. John Waters
thie south side of Pennsylvania avenue, nearly opposite Dr. C
tori's, where lie is now opening a very handsome assoittme
DRY GOODS, Irom the Philadeltphia and Baltimore sueti
which will be sold great bargains for cash only.
sept 10--if3t ISAAC CLARKE
A )OG ABSENT.-A most valuable Setter Dog isah
from his owner. Time owner would offer a reward for I
but for the belief that he is in the possession of some one wh
- -, f r it. No reward will be offered, however greatly va
* t... m. affectionate, and docile animal may be; and fo
other reason than that the owner will not encourage a system
rascality, (moguery.) The name ofmthe ow-tr sii_/ on ithe c
collar which was on the dog, there can be i. .i-,.., .1, know
who the owner is, and where he is to be found. Thehe lie
breadth, length, and circumference of this tlog not being know
the owner, hlie is of course unable to give it; but as to his like
he is minore fortunate, which likeness can be seen by .1 l1,:-
the bar of the Potomac Hotel, near the Long Bridge. H.-
I will describe as nearly as I can, to wit: a motley white, n
specked or spotted with liver color, ears liver colored, two I
liver colored spots on each side of his body, behind his fore le
a small spot of the same on his n;ck (right side;) a toler
large liver spot at the root of his tail.
Now, no jockeying or roguery, but return the dog to Capt.C
neiius Wells, at time Potomnac Hotel, near the Long Beiidgin
send lim, if you prefer doing so, by any one, andIdi he -. i.
fur his trouble. TtlE OWNE
] EGiRtE VWANTED7-Thesubscriber wilmes to
1. chase immediately a number of negroes for cash.
sons t.;..:,. to sell will find it to their interest to see mei bi
they 'i, 1 am determiucd to give the highest prices fur li
negroes trie New Orleans market will justify. I can at ai! l
be found at William H. Williamus'a establishments, corner ifI
street and Maryland avenue. All comtmmunications address
me shall receive prompt attention.
iuly 7-diftf THOS. "WILLIAM
J. G. GREGORY & CO., Managers.
SPLENDID UNION LOTTERY, CLAss 8, FOa Ii
To be draw, at Alexandria, I). C. on Saturday, Sept. 25.
1 prize of 25,00<) dolls. 1 prizes of 2 ,00 )
1 dio 2,,000 tlolls. lar makli 1OOO
1 do 25,0()0 dolls. J doars- maklt.g 100,0
I do 25,000 dolls. j rs.
I prize of $10,000 2 prizes of 4,000
t do of 8,000 4 do of 2,000
I do of 6,t00 50 do of l,fi00
i do of 5m153 | 50 do of 500
14 drawn numbers out of 78.
Tickets $15-Halves $7 50-Quarters-$3 75-Eighths $3
Certificates of packages of 26 whole tickets, 3200
Do do 26 half do 100
Do do 26 quarter do 50
Do do 26 eighth do 25
ON SATURDAY, OCT. 23,
THE GRAND UNION LOTTERY, CLAss 9, for 1
Will be drawn at Alexandria, D. C.
16 drawn ballots.
1 Grand Capital prize of 50,000 doll
1 Splendid prize of 30,000 doll
I do do .95,000 doll
1 do do 10,000 doll
1 prize of $8,000 10 prizes of $1,500
1 do of 7,000 10 do of 1,250
1 do of 6,000 50 do of 1,000
1 do of 5,000 60 do of 5(0
1 do of 4,000 50 do of 400
1 do of 2,500 100 do of 300
1 do of 2,311 100 do of 250
4 prizes of 2,000t 170 do of 200
5 do of 1,750 &c,. &c. &c.
16 drawn numbers out of 78.
Tickets $20-Halves S 10-Quarters 35-Eighths 32 56
Certificates of packages of 26 whole tickets 3260
Do do of 26 half do 130
Do do of 26 quarter do 65
Do do of 26 eighth do 32 5
J:Y Orders for tickets and shares and certificates of package
the above splendid scloemes will receive the most prompt a
tion; and the drawing of each lottery will be sent immedi
after it is over, to all who order from us. Address
J. G. GREGORY & CO. Managers,
july 29-2aw6wd&cp Washington, D.
not ii ,, ,,, There is no question upon which such unanimity of pro- c
Son session, and such uniform inconsistency of practice prevails d
are NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER.l among men of all parties, as this of bribery. All politicians n
talk ab 'ut the purity of election; and itf a stranger were to u
said judge by the letter of our law, he would suppose that we were b
sig. FROM OUR EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT. the most scrupulously incorruptible people upon the face of a
tent te earth-so Ti.. .-]r..,i,'- n i- it., .- btlely with which it s
s in P i. AGST. 181 pursues not n- ,, ., ,I. ,,i. ,,. ",-,'"- inf votes for money, r
im.- ARtS, AUGUST 2u, a but the auxiliary ,.., i I. 1 li t ',-.- its remotest and ap- t
nan Authenlic reports have just been issued of the parently most,.i .. .1' .-i..-'i..i ..-- Yet our actual prac- i
ui results of Dr. BOUCntERe'S processes for inmibuing itce is so very different Iteo this fair show of virtue, that we 1"
m result- of Duspect there are seldom tetnembers in any House of Corn-
man wood ftr preservation against all injury from the moets whose eh'ction, if all the circumrstances attending ii
ries elements; for coloring, scenting it, &.e. They were disclosed, amil if a Minos or Rhadamanithus were the
cab- o n s judge, could be legally sustained. That thin should be so,
tried are highly important with regard to cabinet ware, argues undoubtedly some captiousness in the law, as well as r
ndi- railways, naval architecture, and every kind of much laxity on the part ot the people. Hitherto, it has been
ight too manifest that the Legislature has not been in earnest about
building on land. Timber is rendered superior in bribery; and to this cause we may attribute, in no slight de-
every respect to the metals ; the period of prepara- agree, the extreme inefficiency of the existing law. When-
ever its penalties have been enforced, party spleen and other
tion for durable use is short, comparatively ; every secondary motives appear to have suggested the proceeding,
a. variety of hue and fragrance may be imparted to rather than an honest and consistent regard for the public inI s
rterst." A law which neglects to discriminate between
the simple board or block. The Captain of a Bor- cases esseniihly different in their moral complexion deprives i
has deaux vessel, recently returned from the Isle of itselfof the support ofpublicopinion ; and a law which is not f
a1 supported by public opinion can never be carried into effect.
ad Bourbon, states that hlie took out with him speci- The consequence has been, a prevalence ol bribery in the
a,,. mens of different woods from the collection of English city and borough elections, which could scarcely be
irn.Lr exceeded if it were lawful to sell votes. The evil has attain-
a.r Dr. BoucIatERI, which, though kept constantly in ed to such a flagrant height, that, if it is inot soon put a stop
Nw tihe sea during the whole voyage out and home- ti, it will be impossible for the House of Commons to retain
rient r any considerable portion of the esteem or respect of the people.
mAV- wards, did riot suffer the least deterioration or in- Bribery is not either a Whig or a Conservative vice; it is a
t and jury. The French Government having commis- vice of the whole political system; it is often forced.upon can-
s toane Dr OUa I m e t didates against their will, and even thie most prflhigate candi-
Sioned Dr. BoucERIE-as I mentioned to you- dates are generally met half-way by the electoral bodies.
to operate on public timber, announces its perfect During the late election it was practised more shamelessly
ew.s ato i i t e r than ever, and was openly trumpeted forth by Liberal'news-
or's satisfaction with the experiments hitherto made. papers as the mai instrument upon which their party relied
nw You may recollect that I noticed the arrival at for success at Camtbridge, at Shrewsbury, and in many other
t Har of six millions of nilla cigars, purchased places. In Nottingham, Sudbury, Ashburton, Clilheroe. and
rent Havre of six millions of vanilla cgars, purcha elsewhere, it notoriously turned thc scale against the objects
onil accountof the French Government. The pub- of the ppeoile's choice. We could mention cases in which
earn lie were congratulated oi time acquisitoit ohofL100 and upwards- has been given fir single votes." But
Se werewe abstain from going into such particulars; it is sufficient
st'- Spanish tobacco; but soon it was truly or falsely to say that the mischief has attained to dimensions which men-
year. whispered that much of the precious importation den its iunmediate repression an object of instant necessity.
ates, r Its tendency is to make a seat in Parliament unattainable by
)ela- was damaged. On the 23d instant, the cigars any except the richest and thic most unscrupulous persons; it t
and were put on sale in Paris, at three sous a piece; inposes upon all candidates the necessity of a large (too fre-
quertly a ruinous) expenditure of money, without any per-
r and the wags of the Charivari and Corsaire in- inanent or beneficial result; it must inevitably subject those
n. dulge their humor in relating the disappointment who have bought their constitoutnts to the temptation of sell-
ing themselves, and recruiting their damaged fortunes at tire
Day of the purchasers, who, on returning to the public expense. To sum up all in one word, its effect is to
and licensed venders to complain of the quality, have substitute a corrupt Plutocracy for a representative Govern- i
gned been uniformly told that they were served, by mis- in
annd You must allow me to quote for your readers the cornes- ,
ts, take, out of the damaged boxes. It is added that porident statement of the semi-Radical paper, the London
final the Tobacco-administration (Regie) has mixed up Sun, which continues a votary if the Whig Ministers:
d in with this importation all its remnants of stock coin- Never in the annals of election contests (says the Minis-
d f ungy p e a d trial Advertiser-) has an appeal to the country been attended
and pounded of Hungary purchases and domestic cab- by a greater amount of bribery, intimidation, and coercion,
bage-leaves, and that when the six millions shall than the great party battle which has now been fought. Bri-
have bn r l e idd 1 c r wi bery has been the order of the day wherever the contests
have been really ended, Manilla cigars will were expected to be close, and the candidates hadl the means
ad vertheless be long afterwards advertised at the at their disposal of purchasing L|t|,,-.. Anid here it is wor- i
n shops. I ave see the two elder sons of the ofremark, that so great a number o close ant severe con-
sh s tests as have taken place otn the present occasion was never
Stte King and their two aids smoking as Ihey rode known to have occurred at any previous general election.
essas through the streets in ai open barouche, In the Nor have these equally balanced conflicts been confined to i
usr I the boroughs or counties containing only a limited constituency;
lenn, accounts of the triumphal march to Paris which they have occurred in some of the largest constituencies in
es P' the Duke D'AUMALE, the fourth son, is now per- the Kingdom. London, Leeds, and Dublin are instances in
!ary- tPoint as regards the representation of boroughs. The cases
forming at the head of his Algiers regiment, from in counties are too numerous to require or admiit of a special
Marseilles, where he landed, it is particularly re- reference to them. In the populous cities we have already
W s w r he mentiined-namely, London, Leeds, and Dublin-the fact of i
tie- lated how he jumped down from his horse to light the prevalence of an extensive s)sleim of Tory bribery at tihe
wait his cigar by that of a bystander. Smoking is late election was too notorious to be denied. But has brihbery
their been limited to the Tory party? No. The Whigs on the
tare Ithus brought into fashion by the Princes, to re- present occasion, when thIe necessary means were at their
lina plenish the revenue. Certainly, it spreads fast disposal, hase not been a whit behind ti.em in the work of
'eti corrupting. In Ipswich and Lewes, to name no other places,
nton, and wide, and the tobacco shops multiply in every bribery on the part of the Ministerialists was so open and
ding- street of the capital. The police lately suppress- general that one might have almost fancied thie parties were
SIf ed some caricatures of Count the amtbiious of i-,, 16,.. m,,ril ni to their demoralizing practices
ed some aratures o Count D'Al'PON, the Both parties, i.!. l.r,, i.mld to have been equally guilty,
Austrian ambassador, bargaining wilh thie Minis- at the late elections, of wholesale bribery, wherever they pos-
c- try for e crop of his Hu ary t e sessed the means, and it was deemed practicable to carry their
cel- try for the crop of his Hungary estates. he point by an extensive purchase of tihe suifrages of the con-
i be French amateurs are exceedingly suspicious of stimency. And so of the other unhallowed influences so often
11ri h pr r pressed ii)to the service ofeither party in violent election con-m
cedt what the Rgie sell, and prefer the smuggled ati- tests. Coercion, menaces, and intimidation, in every possible
tif dle as much at least as the Irish do their poteen, shape and form that they couldI be made to assume, were em-
,the whiskey distilled against lw. played, both by Tuories and Whigs, to carry the election of
the whiskey distilled against law. tilhe antagonist candidate. The remedy for these frightful
ale A week of weather favorable to the harvesting evils must be obvious to all. The remedy is the right of secret-
!oring. In noiother way than by the ballstianthere ever be -
ow, has put an end to all apprehension of a dearth a full and fair expression of electoral pinion."
,nrted this year. The Legitimists have exaggerated oil The French reviewer designates the various elements of
mI at this subject; but in no quarter here has there been that eager the Conservative majority, upon which he founds the opin-
ratio ness for a public calamity which might rouse the People ion that it has been gradually forming and acquiring consis-
ary- against the Ministry which has been displayed in Great Bri- tency and force, and will last, however the Queen may be
Sre- tain by the zealots of the discomfited Whig party. It is wielded and played of by the Whigs. The British terri
now evident to me, from the language of the Whig editors and trial aristocracy," he observes, has still deep roots in
ipon orators, that they will be glad of short crops, a rising in the most of the other classes-the lowest not excepted. Nearly
manufacturing districts, Irish rebellion, the utmost possible all the higher must be on its side, and have indeed declared
__ commercial distress, further deficiency of public revenue,'stop- for it. Reflecting on the history of the two past years, and
,ad- page of specie payments, and the other severe visitations the circumstances, and results of the recent elections, I am
iths, which they affect to apprehend, unless thie Tory advent to clear that England is far more Conservative than Refo7"m.
des, power can be frustrated by other means. In party-croaking, ist-that Sir ROBERT PEEL. and his coadjutors will stead-
-s the wish ii generally seen to be father to the thought. lastly and victoriously pursue the enterprise which they
As the Duke D BORDEAaUX was to lie immovable in bed have hitherto so ably managed."
l th for six weeks at least after the fracture of his thigh, the im- For my own part, during the several years past that 1 have
, on p )rtant national problem, whether he will or will not limp, been unremittingly attentive to the measures, speeches and
3un- cannot yet be determined. The Legitimists, who have cele- official papers of the Whigs, I have lost sight of what was
t of brated his escape by high masses and banquets, and have formerly received as the British Constitution. D LOLME, I
gone in numbers to Kirchberg to inquire, condole, or fslici think, would, if he lived, have scarcely recognized, in that
E. tare, tell us that his perfect recovery is sure. They were se period, the Government which he undertook to expound and
sent cnnded at once by the Austrian and Prussian official gazettes celebrate in his famous book. If the British representative
him, The absolute Powers deem such a pretender to the throne of system cau be allowed to have any import, pith, or reality, or
lued Louis PHILIPPE quite convenient in teriorem. The British Parliament be supposed to express in any measure the senti
or no Government might have been pleased with the possession of ments and will of the people-or a general election to convey
mm of a Bonaparte candidate more patient, discreet, and ductile, any public opinion-the Whig Ministry have been, upon the
ing than Prince Louis NAPO.EON. Louis XVIII, at the time old, traditional theory, usurpers from the moment that Lord
eight, that lie seemed most earnest for the success of Ferdinand JOHN RUSSELL admitted, in his address, the defeat of his
un to VII. in Spain, secretly pensioned, and otherwise sustained, party by an overwhelming majority. In all the recent Whig
' some of the rebel chiefs, military and civil, in order to kee, doctrines and proceedings, Lords and Commons are treated
..-..r the Spanish monarchy more or lessdependent on the French. as insignificant ; the personal favor, the personal will of the
inch A large subscription for the Spanish refugee Carlist clergy is QLueen-a young woman who cannot possibly be mistress of
argue now announced in Bavaria and Italy. It is not, I apprehend, the momentous questions of national policy debated between
able solely to prevent Don CARLOS from re-crossing the Pyrenees the Whigs and Conservatives-must supersede all other au-
that ihe is retained a prisoner at Bourges. All the great con- thority, support, and judgment. We received here, in the
Con- tinental Powers keep the Spanish Carlists in breath, for con- afternoon of the 26th, the Qlueen's speech-eo called by a
paid tingencies. Don MiouosL has his serviceableness, in regard most violent fiction of constitutional law, which was never
R. to the docility of the Portuguese constitutional dynasty. In more forcibly exemplified than in the passages affecting the
France, as well as in the Spanish Peninsula, pretenders are questions to which I have just alluded. This has been
put- commodious for all the Opposition parties. They may be styled the brazen age of England; and, doubtless, such a
efore adopted or rejected, pushed forward or drawn back, according speech, under all circumstances, though the condemned
kely to emergencies and junctures, in a common war on existing and moribund Ministers did not venture to utter it by
ites Governments. I presume that there is some affinity in the her mouth, might be cited in evidence. That absolute
d to motives of the individuals and meetings, that, in our Republic, contrariety which often arises between official forms and
nominate a candidate for thu Presidentship before a new in- notorious facts prevails throughout, and may excite a smile
S. cumrheut is warm in his seat. The distribution of offices for the statements that Her Majesty availed herself ol
among original and active partisans, merely as such, stimu- the earliest opportunity, after the dissolution of the last
lates restless politicians, and those who can neither hope not Parliament, of resorting to the advice and assistance of the
deserve public trusts, except by electioneering, to commrence Lords and Gentlemen ;" and that" Her Majesty still trusts
841. a race with the least possible delay. If Gen. JactKsoN or that the Emperor of China will see the justice of the de.
Gen. HanRIsoN kept a register of the number, characters, and mand which her plenipotentiaries have been instructed to
positions of the men who solicited office on the simple allega- make !" The Conservatives may regret the power, emotu-
tion of their having been the first to proclaim him, the docu- merits, asid patronage which the Whigs have so audaciously
l00 ment must be curious and instructive. It is a very serious withheld from them for some weeks, and feel a little vexed at
point for the welfare of a country, upon what grounds, and to the new creation of Whig peers antl baronets; but they must
whom, the administration and transaction of the public busi- see reason for rejoicing in the very extremities of theory and
ness are allotted. I have aoted in the Spanish, the German, practice upon which their antagonists have desperately yen-
and the French journals kindred complaints about the mania tured. In the end, Sir ROBERT PEEL, with whom the old
for offices: they say that, of late years, an immense muhtipli- Tories, the ultra-Conservatives, cannot dispense, and whom
87. cation of functionaries and place-hunters has occurred in all the more moderate portion of the Whig aristocracy are likely
the European States; that young men look first to the Gov- to join, will be the stronger in his administration on every
ernmenis for support; that one-half the European world is ground. The Q.UEEN must finally do what Viscount MEL-
occupied in administering the affairs of the other half. noUsRE, if a real friend, would have counselled her at first-
A recent number of the Revue des Deux Mondes contains resign herself graciously to a new political alliance and a new
a disquisition of sixty pages on the Political Crisis iu Eng- household, forgiving and forgetting, if possible, the Tory de-
land, by Duvergier de Hauranne, a member of the Chamber nial of the whole fifty thousand pounds and universal prece-
1841, of Deputies, who possesses a sounder and broader knowledge dence to Prince ALBERT, and the favor bestowed on the Queen
of his subject than any other French statesman. He dates Dowager and the King of Hanover. In a leading article of
the absolute overthrow of the Whigs from the Irish Regis- the London Globe of the 23d instant, evidently from a high
ars. ration act. None of the French critics excuse the Whig Whig source, it is contended with all seriousness that if
are. Ministers for having retained office after the non-confidence she should be driven by adverse votes of the House of Cornm-
lars. vote of the Commons; the House of Lords being hostile to mons to the hard necessity of appointing a Tory administra-
them at the same time, by a large majority. The anxious tion, she is not under any obligation to admit the members
deference of the French King and his Cabinets to the Cham- of it to her society, or to see them at all, except on occasions
her of Deputies is contrasted with the conduct of the disci- when official business shall require the sacrifice of her feel-
pIes of Fox," who defy Parliament and stand upon an assump- ings." This idea may be borrowed from SeRmsr's comedy
tion of royal prerogative, bolder and higher than any claimed of the Verre d'Eau, wherein Oueen Anne's Ministers ap-
since the era of the Stuarts. They add that common gam- pear once only, and then on such an occasion; but Boling-
blers make it a point of honor to yield the stakes as soon as broke, the head of the Opposition, and his protegds, are con-
they loose a game of their own proposal; but here, the stantly by her side in confidential communication. We can-
Whigs, when they had forced the Tories into a common ap- not tell yet whether Lord PALMERSTON will leave the MeLeod
peal to the constituency, and were beaten hollow, refused to affair to the Conservatives, or choose to hasten a crisis in his
0 part with the prize. On the score of bribery and intimida- characteristic way. On that affair, the spirit, tone, menaces
gea in tion, M. DnE HAURaNNE can see no difference in the history of of the Whig and Tory journals are identical. The Globe
atten- Tories and Whigs. The round confessions of the London has been deemed an organ of the Whig Cabinet. Attend
lately Times, on this head, in its series of admirable articles on the to its language:
British Constitution, are creditable to its candor. Take its "That the slow process of law in the United States, aris-
C. text: ing from the peculiar form of its Constitution, should have
caused his detention for so long a period, must be matter of
eep regret, but could not, %e niingine, lead to any direct de-
mand for this liberation on the part ot Ihe British Governmentt
until the law ef the country which he was charged with
rakingg had run its course, and t-.e prisoner was placed in
actual and immediate jeopardy by the result. If that result
should prove unfavorable to our hopes, and the Court igno-
antly or recklessly proc, ed to judgment against M( Leod, in
hat case the course of the British Government becomes
plain ; ard for that event we know the British Government
has provided. On the arrival ot such a crisis, i1 *.,i., barely
issible, Mr. Fox was long since instructed itinm(diately to
demand his passports. To allow a hair of McLeod's head to
terish for his allegtd part in the 'affair of the ( aroline' would
be regarded as a declaration of war on the part of the Ame-
rican against the British nation. Every mere party feelitig
vould then become merged in an enthusiasm which would
pervade all classes of the community ; and the world would
be taught, through the medium of its results upon the Ame-
ricans, that Britain, though patient and forbearing while the
matter was pendente lile, abiding the investigation of law, is
prepared and determined to vindicate her own honor, anti to
show that she regards that honor as identified with the security
from outrage and injury of her subjects engaged in perform-
ng their duty to the Crown, or in the prosecution of their law-
ful pursuits of business."
Now, perpend a few sentences of the Courier, a Tory
We have no disposition to cavil about the proposed in-
crease of the naval armaments of America. A pow erful anti
rising state is fairly justified in taking every precaution for
* i ,i-i.f. for the best security against foreign aggression
ntst ever be the ready state of preparation to repel anid retort
t. But from this country least of all need aggression be ap-
prehended, if, swayed by wise counsels, the Federal Republic
be prepared to respect and to act upon those eternal principles
of truth and justice which may never be violated with impu-
nity by the greatest of nations. If these be trampled on in
he case of MeLeod-they have been trampled on already-
f hut a hair of his head be harmed, it will not be fourteen
irmed steam ships that will protect the coasts of America from
a terrible retribtion."
There has been some vaporing in our Congress about our
ability to contend for our rights with all the world ; but it
should not bp overlooked that, since our last war with Great
Britain, her means of aggression have been increased in a
ratio and diversity far beyond ours of defence or annoyance;
that the addition of some millions to our free population has
iot afforded an equivalent to steam fleets and infernal balas-
tics, to an immense augmentation of effective naval and mili-
ary power, arid to a highly-excited national unanimity in the
unsparing exercise of that power. A wise people, however
spirited, and though sure of the ability to save their national
independence and return incalculable mischief to a foe, will
not expose themselves hastily and doggedly-without the
deepest reflection and clearest, abundant cause-to immense
and various evil, for which the mischief retaliated can, in no
oral nor material sense, prove a compensation. The Ame-
rican disciepanicy of opinion on the McLeod question-the
harsh strictures and sentence passed at home on Judge Cow-
AN'S decision, have fortified the European sentiments. You
should understand that the British doctrine finds support
every where on the Continent. I may be pardoned if I am
betrayed by a natural patriotic solicitude into triteness or re-
petition. It would be well for American political and juridi-
ral repute abroad if your party-critics had been more moderate
n their animadversions on both the work of the New York
court and Mr. WEBSTER'S answer to Mr. Fox.
Your revenue or tariff bill, of which I hope to learn, on the
arrival of the Halifax steamer, the entire success, has besn
treated editorially this week in three of the chief Paris pa-
pers-the Journal des 1)ebats, the Cons!titlionnel, and the
Commerce. All scold and lecture the United States, predict
terrible consequences to both French and American trade, and
rove themselves alike ignorant of the true statistics and bear-
ings of the case. The Dhbats has it that the bill would be,
i coup sur, rejected by the House of Representatives. That
paper says: We know that our commercial interests are
faithfully and ably maintained here as well as with the
American Congress. The conduct of our representative
near the cabinet of Washington is generally dignified and
energetic." Allusion is here made, I presume, to M. DE
BACOURT'S communication to the Treasury Department, which
Mr. ADAMS, with peculiar authority, denounced as irregular*
to the House. The Dhbats admonishes the French merchants
to build at once ships for the cotton trade, informing them
that, when such ships and steamboats ply between young
America" and the ports of France, nothing will be lost, what-
ever may happen, for French transatlantic trade. The Con-
stitutionnel takes a wider survey. It begins by remarking
that the treasury of the United States now expends more
than its income, and resorts to European expedients-loarins,
duties, and sales of national domain. What," asks the
writer, has become of that perfect transatlantic model of
financial independence and order 1" He presents objections
to the tariff bill, with reference to American interests, the
same nearly as those which have been urged in Congress;
iut he asserts that, if revenue had been really the object, the
proposed duties should have been 40 or 60 per cent. He re-
commends to the French Government reprisals by the sup-
pression of imposts on all cotton not American, and similar
ricouragement to the rice, tobacco, potash, &c. which can be
obtained from other countries. He observes, in addition, that
bPrance is not the only Power likely to take umbrage at the
alternative of your tariff; that England takes a still greater
quantity of our raw material; that Germany, Belgium,
.tnd Switzerland also consume considerable quantities of
our staples; that, by a diminution of exports the United
States would lose more than the eight millions of dollars
which they hoped to gain for their revenue. We know, how-
ever, that the countries mentioned must suffer more by the
rejection of our products than we should-that if they could
dispense with them they would do so-that if France could
substitute her vessels for the American, it would be done un-
dier any circumstances. The Commerce thinks that England
will be more injured by the bill than France. It believes that
the French Government has threatened immediate reprisals,
and it adverts to the communications made by the French
Legation at Washington to our Secretary of the Treasury,
presuming that they have been submitted to Congress. Sev-
eral of the Paris journals suppose that the bill violates exist-
ing treaties by which France concedes to us the entire benefit
of freight, and complain that it will have a most inequitable
retroactive effect, by reason of the early date fixed for its exe-
cution. The misapprehensions common here in regard to our
country may be exemplified by this sentence, which I trans-
late from a review signed Ad Gueroult, one of the most intel-
ligent writers of travels : In the United States the sov-
' ereignty of the People has for basis and pedestal three mil-
'lions of black helots subject to the direst slavery." It is
never imagined even that an author of this class can lbe igno-
rant of institutions, numbers, location of the slaves, or any
thing else about which he uses positive language. France
is now in a singular situation ewing to the obnoxious fiscal
census. The foreign tourist can scarcely take any directions
in which he may not get into the midst of all-popular riots.
Sanguinary scenes occer in the North, at Lille, for instance,
as well as in the other divisions of the realm. The army-
horse, foot, and artillery-may be said to be chiefly employed
in supporting the registers and asaessnrs, who, after all, can
accomplish their dangerous task in a very imperfect manner
and limited extent. Every kind of deception and trick has
been practised by revolutionary emissaries on the poorer and
more ignorant classes in the South afld West, particularly to
produce the impression, which the Government cannot soon
efface, that they are to be mercilessly taxed in every article
of furniture, trade, apparel, husbandry, whatever is by any
possibility susceptible of valuation and seizure.
C'OAL, &c.-fThe undersigned has landing this day a cargo
of Sydney Grate Coal. Also, daily expecting several car-
goes of Anthracite Coal. These coals are of a superior quality,
and will be sold at reasonable prices. Persons disposed to pur-
chase will find it to their interest to make immediate applicatlio,
as the price will be lower by receiving their supply directly froia
the vessel. The undersigned has on hands large and well selec'-
ed stock of Lumber, suitable for all building purposes ; various
kinds of fire-wood; all of which he will sell on the moat reason-
able terms. A. SHEPHERD,
Seventh street, Market Space.
2,240 pounds of coal to the ton, weighed at the public scales,
with a certificate of the weigher.
aug 20-eolmif A. S.
P VISSER. '% eit, '--,jusat received a splendid assortment
.of FALL (.1-[I-,-, .i1 ofthe newest nnd most fashionable
style. Mousselines de Laines, Chene, Swiss cravats, embroidered
capes, dresses, caps, collars of every description, white and black
net, corded silk bonnets, '2 60t; silk hose, $1 25; elastics 18 cts per
pair; French corsets,$t 75 to $6 50 ; cuffs, ribands,sunshadea,mits,
gloves, dark French flowers, blonds, veils, thread laces, lisle,thread
edging of every description, fancy boxes, toilet soap, jewelry, and
a great variety of other articles, which he offers very low. His
place of sale is at Mrs. Taylor's, over Lacey's shoe-store, Penn.
Avenue. sept1S5-T.Th &S.if
RAN AWAY from the subscriber, near Vansaville, on Mon-
day last, a black boy, about 16 or 17 years old, and 5 feet
high, who calls himself DANIEL CHASE. The only mark re-
membered is a scar under one armpit, which side not recollected.
When spoken to, has a downcast look. He was raised in the
neighborhood of Broad Creek, and is probably lurking thereabout.
I will give thirty dollars reward for the said boy if taken in the
State of Maryland or District of Columbia, and one hundred dol-
lars if taken out of the State, and secured so I ran get him.
sept 22-eod3w (Marlboro' Gaz) Near Vansvillg.
POLITICS OF THE DAY.
FROM THE CONNECTICUT COURANT.
The situation in which the Whig party find
themselves at the close of the extra session of
Congress, from what they had reason to expect it
would be at the beginning, is such, that it will re-
quire all their prudence, care, and deliberation to
avoid mistakes, which may prove extremely inju-
rious to their future operations. It is very diffi-
cult, in a moment of high excitement, when the
feelings, and even the passions, of individuals are
disturbed, to expect them to act with coolness and
moderation, which, under different circumstances,
* would not be a difficult task. But the stake which
they have in the public concerns is of immense
importance. The great body of the party are not
contending merely for power and office. Their
object is to repair, as far as is practicable, the mis-
chief of twelve years' mal-administration of the
Government, to check the progress of corruption,
to restore the public prosperity, and bring the Gov-
ernment back to the plain and well-tried princi
pies of the Constitution. In their efforts to ac-
complish these great objects much has been done,
which cannot fail, if the excitement of the period
do not prevent, to produce substantial benefits to
the People. Much more, certainly, remains to
be done ; and it should be the great object of the
Whigs, possessing as they do the majority of num-
bers, and united as, to a great extent, they still
are, not to lose the opportunity of promoting the
public welfare. This triay call for the exercise of
much forbearance, moderation, and a temper and
spirit devoted to the well-being and prosperity of
their country. The crisis is one of great interest
and importance. If, by any untoward circumstan-
ces, the public affairs should fall back into the
hands and under the control of the party which
the People have just stripped of power, it might
be a source of regret to the latest period of time.
FROM THE UNITED STATES GAZETTE.
THE WHIo PARTY.-The Washington corres-
pondent of the New York Express laments with
so much earnestness the apparent breach in the
Whig ranks, that we are sometimes apprehensive
that he will, from his location, lead many to believe
that some persons desire (not the correspondent,
of course) that the evil should come which is now
deprecated. We see but very little danger of whst
our neighbors so eloquently deplore. There is a
dissatisfaction with the last veto of Mr. Tyler, but
there is no disposition to prevent him from admin-
istering the Government on the basis of principles
which he professes. A sudden shock was felt,
and its effect was showed in the Whig press; but
that press, while it manfully expresses a disap-
proval of a public act by a political friend, will as
manfully stand by that friend when his position and
the good'of the nation requires it. There is no
extraordinary affection felt or expressed for the re-
tiring Secretaries-they were able, they were hon-
est, and they resigned. It is a source of regret
that they should have felt called on to resign ; but
the honest, simple avowal of public approval is
not to be construed into improper affection for, or
attachment to, these gentlemen; nor should the
freedom of the same press towards the conduct
of Mr. Tyler be represented as an evidence of
hostility. Mr.TvLER is likely to have his best sup-
port from the very portion of the press which has
the independence to say it thought him wrong.
The Whig party is no more divided than it was
in April last. Members of that party differ in
opinion upon certain measures, but they do not
disagree in opinion as to thie result of any irrecon-
cilable difference between them on the great
question of men and measures for the nation.
FROM THE NEW YORK TRIBUNE.
PROJECT OF A FISCAL AGENT.-The last Madi-
sonian contains a communication from "A Mem-
ber of the twenty-seventh Congress," proposing a
new Fiscal Agent. Its essential features are-
1. Government depositories in all the principal
cities of the Union. 2. A Receiver, Cashier, and
Tteller to each, checking each other, appointed by
the President and Senate, who may be suspended
but not removed without the consent of the Sen-
ate. 3. Issues of Certificates of Deposite or Trea-
sury Notes, in sums of not less than twenty dol-
lars. 4. Every citizen entitled to deposit such
sums as he chooses, in specie, at any depository,
and receive certificates or notes therefore, payable
at that place in specie, on demand, and receiva-
ble for public dues in any part of the Union.
Such is the scheme ; and we can tell the author,
at once, that it can never receive the sanction of
a Whig Congress. It is fraught with immense
mischief. In the first place, if it answered at all,
it would in time absorb most of the specie in the
country, and force the banks into suspension or
out of substantive existence. (See Professor
Dew's Letter on the Sub-Treasury, 1839.) In the
next place, it could never furnish, permanently, a
uniform national currency. The Treasury notes
issued at St. Louis and Galena would flow rapidly
to the seaboard. Here they would be crowded on
the custom-houses to repletion, and then would
fall and fluctuate in value daily. The Government
would have piles of specie at far inland and inac-
cessible points, where it is not wanted, and noth-
ing but depreciated inconvertible Treasury notes
at the principal points of disbursement. All would
be derangement and chaos, tending to ruin.
We have no doubt the author of this new
scheme of oppression is a Locofoco. The Madi-
sonian wisely disclaims endorsing it. We wish
all the Colnmbuses in Finance now strutting their
brief hour at Washington would understand that
the Fiscal Agent required by the country is a
commercial, not a political one, and that it must
act in harmony with, not in hostility to, the solvent
specie-paying banks of the country. This con-
trivance is but one degree better than the sub-
W E WILL OPEN TO-DAY DODGERS' SU-
perfine and Medium Patent Flannels, warranted not to
shrink in washing.
30 pieces low-priced white Flannels
20 pieces assorted red and scarlet
25 pieces yellow, assorted widths and qualities
5 pieces silk and wool Flannels
Also, extra 4-4 Amesbury soht finish Flannels, with a great
many other Fall Goods equally desirable, which will be sold low
by PERRY ASHBY.
S ERVANTS' GOODS.--Just received 20 bales and pack-
ages of Burlaps, Osnaburgs, Kerseys, Cloths, Flushings,
Blankets, Jeans, Linseys, and Penitentiary Plaid Cottons.
sept 22 PERRY & ASHBY.
7lN ABLE DIAPERS AND TUWELLINGS.-A
large and general assortment of the above named goods,
comprising all widths and qualities, just received and for sale hy
sept 22- 3t PERRY & ASHBY.
C1ABIWET, CHAIn. AND SOF'A MANUFAC-
STORY.-EDWIN GREEN, at the Old Established Man-
ufactory, corner of C and 10th streets, has now on hand a large
stock of chairs, sofas, and cabinet furniture of every variety, of
the best workmanship and materials, which hle will sell at the
Also, feather beds and best curled hair moss and shuck mat-
tresses on hand, or made to order.
Upholstering and every description of repairs promptly exe-
Mahogany in the board, plank, and veneer, suitable for cabinet
makers and carpenters, for sale.
Furniture wagons for lhire.
On hand, cherry and walnut scantling, plank and boards of
good quality, a part suitahlc for handrails, am" 27-eod6tif
I HUSTI'ERS SALEf OF VALUAILE IMPROV-
f ED PROPERTY ON GREENLEAF'S
POINT.-By virtue of a deed oftrust, recorded in liber W. B.
No. 71, folios 484, 485,,486, and 4S7, one of the land records for
Washington county, D. C. the subscriber, by direction of the trus-
tee, wi!l sell at public auction on Friday, the 15th day of October
next, at half past 4 o'clock P. M. at the auction roornms o Penn-
sylvania avenue, lots Nos. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8, in square No. 504,
in the city of Washington, with the valuable buildings thereon,
being the same formerly occupied and owned by the late Commo-
Terms, &c. at sale. By order of the trustee.
DYER & WRIGHT,
sept 20-lawtsif Auctoneers.
"Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 2-2, 1841.
Mr. BADGER, Ex-Secretary of the Navy, and
Mr. CRITTENDEN, Ex.Attorney General, left this
city for the North on Monday evening.
Mr. ADAMS, Ex-President, Representative in
Congress from Massachusetts, left this city for his
residence at Quincy yesterday morning.
Most sincerely do we regret to learn, from the
following publication, that Mr. SERGEANT has re-
signed his seat as a Representative in Congress
from the State of Pennsylvania. Most heartily do
we concur in every word that is said by the United
States Gazette in commendation of his personal
and political character, to which too much honor
could hardly be paid. Greatly will he be missed
in the body of which he was a distinguished
FROM THE UNITED STATES GAZETTE OF YESTERDAY.
The Hon. JOHN SERGEANT has resigned his place in the
Congress of the United States, as one of the Representatives
of the city of Philadelphia.
Without inquiring the motives of such an act, which are
of course sufficient, we may be allowed to express our regret,
and that of the citizens generally, that one so eminently able
to do honor to the Legislature of the Nation, and to the peo-
ple whom he represents, by his talents, his virtue, and his pa-
triotism, should withdraw from active service.
Mr. SERGEANT, always great in Congress, always command
ing, biy his talents and his known purity of motive, has been
enabled, by the new position of the Whig party, to distinguish
himself during the Extra Session just now closed ; and he
has won the applause of men of both parties by his devotion
to business, by the zeal which he manifested for the cause he
undertook, and by the distinguished talent with which he
advocated the leading measures of the session. He leaves
the councils of the nation in the midst of his own usefulness,
when he was gathering that applause which cannot but be
grateful to every patriot heart. The happiness and the honor
of having done his duty faithfully and fully in every position
he has occupied are reserved for JossHN SERGEANT, whether he
continues in private or is again forced into public life. May
that happiness and that honor be long, very lone, enjoyed by
one so much respected !
NEW YORK, SEPTEMBER 20.
The city continues full of strangers, and a fair
business is done, especially with the dry goods
merchants. Most of it is a cash business, and the
credits are all upon short time.
Mr. GRANOGKR is in towni, and homeward bound,
I believe. Mr. EWING was in Boston on Satur-
day. I observe several members of Congiess
here, also, from Washington on their way home.
Governor SEWARD, who has been in town for some
days, left this morning for Albany.
The foreign news by the Caledonia has no ma-
terial effect here. The news was but four days
later, and the money market without alteration.
The stock business is very light here to-day,
with few alterations in prices.
Flour has sold to-day for $6 50, but sellers ge-
nerally prefer to hold on to making sales at that
price, great as the advance is upon the prices of
a year since.
The famous little French frigate Belle Poule,
commanded by the Prince DE JOINVILLE, arrived
here to-day in four days from Halifax. The
Prince visits New York with the intention of
making a tour through the United States.
Mr. ADAMS'S speech upon the McLeod ques-
tion, copied from the Intelligencer of Saturday,
appears in three of the evening papers, and at-
tracts a great deal of attention. This vexed ques-
tion appears now to be in a fair way of settlement.
The trial of the prisoner will take place only a
week hence at Utica.
The effects of the revenue law are seen already.
A large quantity of French silks are here in anti-
cipation of the passage of this bill, and more will
come before the 30th, when the act goes into ope-
ration. It is understood that steamers will cruise
off New York for some days prior to the 30th, to
bring in any vessels upon the coast which may
have valuable cargoes on board.
NORFOLK, SEPTEMBER 18.
NAVAL..-The U. S. frigate M1acedonian, Commodore WIL-
KINSON, and sloop of war Warren, Commodore JAMESO0N, came
up this forenoon from Hampton Roads to the anchorage
abreast of the Naval Hospital, where they have anchored.
There are now seven ships of war anchored in a line ex-
tending about a mile down the river from the Hospital point,
and they present quite a formidable appearance, such indeed
as was never before seen in our harbor.
First rides the French Corvette Bison, Capt. Aguillecourt,
of 20 guns; 2.-1, the U. S. Corvette Cyane, Commander Stri-
tiling, of 20 guns; 3d, the Macedonian, Con. Wilkinson, a
warm 44; 4th, the majestic Pennsylvania, Coin. Shubrick, a
matamoth three-decker, of 120 guns; 5th, the U. S. oloopof
war Warren, Commander Jameson, 20; 6th, the French fri-
gate Armida, Capt. Louvet, flag ship of Admiral Arnous, of
36 guns ; 7th and lastly, the French corvette L'Aurier, Capt.
Gamier, of 16 guns. Total 276 guns.
Our harbor below the town exhibits a rare and picturesque
appearance from Town Point; the men of war with their
towering masts till the foreground, tapering off with more
than a hundred smaller craft beyond them, (windbound,) an-
chored on either side of the channel, as low as the bite of
Craney Island, filling a space of three miles in extent.
RAILROAD ACCIDENT.-On Friday last, as the burden train
was on its way from Baltimore to York, Pennsylvania, when
within about a mile from that town, the axletree of one of
the cars broke, while the train was moving along at full speed,
and threw two of the cars off the track. The shock was so
great as to completely turn the cars upside down, and damag-
ed them so much as to render them unfit for any further use.
On the 9th instant, by the Rev. Mr. HARRISON, BENJA-
MIN REISS, of Georgetown, to MARY ANN, daughter
of the late JOHN RHEEM, of Alexandria.
On the 7th instant, by the Rev. Mr. PiNKNEY, RICHARD
MAGRUDER, Esq., of Montgomery county, Md., to Miss
SAP H RON IA, daughter of Ri-IAUDYOUNU, Esq., of Prince
George's county, Md.
At Baltimore, on the 19th September instant, DREW Me-
CAB, aged 2 years, son of Captain JOHN SYMTINGTON, United
Yesterday morning, EMiLY, the youngest daughter of the
late Rev. ANDREW T. McCORMICK.
The friends of the family are invited to attend her funeral
froms the residence of her mother, at 4 o'clock this afternoon.
E' EW -BOtOK STORE E.-T. J. PALMER begs leave re-
I- spectfully to inform the citizens of Washington, that he
hat opened a new Book-store on 9it, street, I dsors north of R.
S. Patterson's drug-store, where imay be had a general assortment
of School Books and Stationery of every description.
Also, Gilt Picture Frames of every pattern and size, made to
order, sept 22-3t
L IFE OF EMANUEL SWEDENBORG,by U.
F. Barrett.-This volume gives a general account of the
greatest philosopher of the last century, and also extracts from se-
veral of his principal works, by which a correct, outline of the
author and his writings may be known. Just published, and for
sale at the Book-storeof R. FARNHAM, Penn. Avenue, between
9th and 10th streets. sept22
VICTIM 01F CHANCERY, or a lebtoi 's Experi-
ence: bv the author of "A Week in Wall Street;"
written in a different vein from that work. It is a story
of thrilling interest, founded on facts, and excellent in morals.
Just received and for sale by R. FARNHAM, Penn. Avenue, be-
tween 9th and 10th streets, sept 22
.-.... .. ........ ..1 I Il 1 II.I.I. [ |l[ | II IIII I III I
Messrs. GALES & SEATON.
I called to see the President on official business on the
morning (Monday, 16th August) before the first Veto Mes-
sage was sent in. I found him reading the Message to the
Secretary of the Treasury. He did me the honor to read
the material passages tome. Upon reading that part of it which
treats of the superior importance and value of the business
done by the late Bank of the United States in furnishing ex-
changes between the different States and sections of the
Union, 1 was so strongly impressed with the idea that he
meant to intimate that hie would have no objection to a bank
which should be restricted to dealing in exchanges, that I
interrupted him in the reading, and asked if I was to under-
stand, by what he had just read, that he was prepared to give
his assent to a bank in the District of Columbia, with offices
or agencies in the States, having the privilege, without their
assent, to deal in exchanges between them, and in foreign
bills. He promptly replied that he thought experience
had shown the necessity of such a power in the Government.
I could not restrain the immediate expression of my gratifica-
ion upon hearing this avowal. I said to the President at
once, that what I had feared would lead to fatal dissensions
among our friends, I now regarded as rather fortunate than
otherwise; that his veto of the bill then before him would
lead to the adoption of a much better one. I also congratu-
lated him upon the happy circumstance of the delay which
had taken place in sending in his Veto Message. The heat
and violence which might have been expected if the Veto had
been sent in immediately upon the passage of the bill, would
now be avoided. Time had been given for cool reflection,
and as the Message did not exclude the idea of a bank in
some form, no unpleasant consequences would be likely to
follow. He expressed his great surprise that there should be
so much excitement upon the subject ; said that he had had
his mind made up on the bill before him from the first, but
had delayed his Message that there should be time for the ex-
citement to wear off; that nothing could be more easy than
to pass a bill which would answer all necessary purposes;
that it could've done in three days. The next day, having
occasion to see the President again, he requested me to fur-
nish him with such information as the War Department af-
lforded of the embarrassments attending the transfer and dis-
bursement of the public revenue to distant points on the fron-
tier, in Florida, &c. He at the same time requested me to
draw up a brief statement of my views upon the subject,
showing the practical advantages and necessity of such a fis-
cal institution as he had thought of proposing. Such infor-
mation as I could hastily collect from the heads of the prin-
cipal disbursing bureaus of the Department I handed to him
on the evening of the same day, knowing that time was of
the utmost importance in the state in which the question then
was. He received the statements 1 gave him with manifest
indifference, and alarmed me by remarking that hie began to
doubt whether he would give his assent (as I understood him)
to any bank.
The next day (Wednesday, 18th August) was the stated
time for the weekly meeting of the Cabinet with the Presi-
dent. Mr. WEBSTER, Mr. EWINu, and myself, went at ten
o'clock in the morning, and were informed that the PRESIDENT
was engaged with Messrs. BERRIEN, SERGEANT, and, I think,
Mr. DAWSON, of Georgia. We waited until they retired,
and the PRESIDENT made his appearance about three quarters
of an hour afterwards. Mr. BADnER came in soon after the
PRESIDENT joined us. Messrs. CRITTENDEN and GRANGERt
did not attend. The conference which ensued was a long
one-lasting two hours at least, according to my recollection.
I cannot pretend to detail all that was said; neither can 1
undertake to give the language employed by the PRESIDENT
upon every point, nor of the members of the Cabinet. I can
only state the substance of what was said upon those points
which most attracted my attention.
The President commenced by stating that he had been
waited upon that morning by a committee of Members of Con-
gress, who desired to know his views upon the subject of a
bank-such a one as he could sanction. He had given them
no satisfaction upon that subject, but had informed them that
he would first consult with his constitutional advisers-his
Cabinet-through whom he thought it most regular that his
views should be communicated. He asked the opinion of his
Cabinet upon the correctness of the ground he had taken; re-
marking at the same time, that the habit of expressing his
views to Members of Congress upon subjects of so much in-
terest subjected him to great embarrassment and much mis-
representation. That question being disposed of, the Presi-
dent adverted briefly, but without much connexion, to the
relation in which he stood to the Bank question, and his dis-
position to go as far as he could to comply with the wishes
of his friends. He spoke of the relation that existed between
him and his Cabinet, and how necessary it was that he should
have their support. Would they stand by him I He much
preferred that the whole subject should be postponed until the
next session ; but if it was necessary to act now, he thought
a plan might be devised which, with their co-operation, might
be carried through. He wondered why the Senate continued
to postpone acting upon his Veto Message, which was yet to
he disposed of. He supposed it might be to hold it as a rod
over his head; and had some doubts whether it was proper
that he should consider further upon the subject until the Se-
nate had decided what they would do with the bill then before
them. Some one present assured him that the postponement
of the question pending in the Senate was intended to give
time for reflection, and to prevent an intemperate debate.
The President then gave the outline of such a bank or fis-
cal institution as he thought he could sanction. It was to be
in tue District of Columbia, to have the privilege of issuing its
own notes, receive moneys on deposit, and to deal in bills of
exchange between the States and between the United States
and foreign States. But he wished to have the opinion of his
Cabinet upon. it. His own consistency and reputation must
be looked to. He considered his Cabinet his friends, who
must stand by and defend whatever he did upon the subject.
He appealed particularly to Mr. WEBSTER for his opinion
TO THE EDITORS.
WASHINeTON, SEPTEMBIER 20,1841.
GENTLEMEN : Doubts have been attempted to be cast upon
the correctness of Mr. EwINO's statement in relation to the
part taken by the President in getting up the Fiscal Corpo-
ration Bill, by arguing that there was an impropriety in mak-
ing it which ought to deprive it of credit. There are cir-
cumstances in this case distinguishing it from all others that
I recollect of the kind. It grows out of a matter of official
business, transacted between high public functionaries, and
is of public and general concern. The public and open con-
duct of one of these high functionaries is in direct opposition
to what the other had, by his express direction and authority,
affirmed as to his intentions and purposes. There can, I
humbly submit, be no serious question in such a case upon
the point of personal propriety, when the injured party
seeks to vindicate his honor by disclosing the truth. The
obligations arising out of confidential relations, in private or
public affairs, are founded in mutual trust. Hle that disre-
gards his own confidential pledges and engagements cannot
allege the obligation of confidence, in the same transaction,
against the natural right of self-defence belonging to the in-
jured party. For any thing that can ever be known to the
contrary, it may have been the object of the original pledge
or engagement to sacrifice those who trusted and were
misled by it. For these reasons, I do not hesitate to furnish,
for publication, the accompanying statement, which contains
all the facts and circumstances within my knowledge, that
occur to me as being material, connected with the subject of
difference. I do this as an act of justice not only to Mr.
EwiNG, who requested it, but to myself and the Public.
I avail myself of this occasion to say that I have, at no
time, regarded a difference of opinion between the President
and myself in relation to a Bank, however important the sub-
ject, as sufficient of itself to justify a resignation of the office
which 1 lately held in the Executive Administration of the
Government. Nor was it because the President thought pro-
per to trifle with or mislead his Cabinet, as there is but too
much reason to believe he intended to do, in the affair of the
last Fiscal Bank Bill, that I resigned my place. There were
other, and some of them pre-existing causes, for such a course,
which many will regard as sufficient of themselves ; and
which could not have been overlooked. But it was possi-
ble to explain or remove them, and therefore they were not
promptly acted upon. The last act of the President, how-
ever, was conclusive of the true character of all the other oc-
currences or circumstances which had previously awakened
curiosity or excited distrust.
I shall, at my leisure, state the reasons more at large which
impelled me to the course I have thought proper to adopt, and
at the same time furnish a narrative of all the causes, so far
as they fell under my observation, which have resulted in the
separation of Mr. TYLER from the party which brought him
into power, and the breaking up of the Whig Administration.
I am, respectfully, your obedient servant,
upon the point of consistency; and whether there was not a
clear distinction between the old Bank of the United States-
a bank of discount and depositse-and the one he now thought
of proposing; and whether the constitutional question was
not different. He reminded us that, in all his former speeches
and reports, he had taken the ground that Congrrss had no
constitutional pawer to charter a bank which had the power
of local discount. Mr. WEBSTER pointed out the distinction
between the two plans in a manner which appeared to be sa-
tisfactory lo him. The substance of what he said was, as I
understood him, as follows: He had a decided preference for
a bank upon theplan then proposed over either of those which
had been previously spoken of. He reminded the President
that he had expressed his preference for a bank which should
be restricted in its dealings to bills of exchange, when certain
gentlemen from the city of New York were present several
weeks before. iHe then thought, as he did now, that it
would answer all useful purposes. One ground of this
preference was, and it had great weight with him, that
the plan did not contemplate the consent of the States
as, in any way or at any time, necessary to its existence
or efficiency. He thought the plan proposed at the com-
mencement of the session, generally known as Mr. EWING'S
bill, as incongruous and objectionable on this ground. His
general course of thinking on such subjects led him to prefer
that, whatever power this Government asserted, or was au-
thorized to assert, should be exercised independently of
State authority, and of the interference of the States. He
thought there could be no doubt of the constitutional power
to charter such a bank as was then proposed, according to tho
President's own modes of thinking upon that subject, if he
understood them. Certainly there was a clear distinction be-
tween such a bank and the late Bank of the United States.
The one now proposed was to be limited in its operations to
such objects as were clearly within some of the general pro-
visions of the Constitution, or such as were clearly necessary
in the execution of others. The privilege of issuing its own
notes, of dealing in exchanges, and of receiving moneys on
deposit, all appeared to have immediate reference to or con-
nexion with the power given in the Constitution over com-
merce between the States, over the currency, and the neces-
sary fiscal operations of the Government in the collection,
safe-keeping, anid disbursement of the public revenue. These
were all subjects of national, and not local or State concern.
The distinction between this plan and the late Bank of the
United States lay in this: the privilege enjoyed by the old
bank, of dealing in local paper, or discounting notes having
no circulation, as it might be, but between the different streets
or commercial points of the same city, had no connexion with
the trade or commerce between the States and remote sections
of the Union, nor with the transfer of (he public money from
one point to another; and it had, therefore, no necessary con-
nexion with any of the great national objects for which the
bank was chartered ; nor could it be claimed as an incident to
any of the powers given to Congress by the Constitu'ion.
That privilege, he apprehended, was conferred upon the late
bank from the belief that without it the stock of the bank
could not hbe made profitable ; and it was therefore considered
as a necessary incident to an institution which was itself but the
offspring of an incidental power. Experience, he thought,
had shown clearly that such a privilege was no longer hnpor-
tanit or necessary. By confining the discounting p'.:ilo.% 'X
the proposed hank to bills of exchange between this country
and foreign States, and between the several States of the
Union, this objection would not lie against it.
The President expressed hls regret that he had not used
the words bank of discount and deposit" in his late Mes-
sage, so that the distinction he now took might be clearly in.-
ferred from that message, and he could not then be charged
with inconsistency. Mr. BADGEOR said he thought nothing
would have been gained by the use of the terms bank of dis-
count and deposit" in his message ; for, as to the charge of
inconsistency, it might, and probably would, be made against
him for party effect, if he sanctioned the bill then proposed by
him, inasmuch as dealing in or buying bills of exchange would
be discounting, and to that extent make it a bank of discount.
When all the material p mints appeared to be disposed of,
and the members of the Cabinet present had expressed their
decided approbation of the plan the President had suggested,
he said that, after all, he would not sainctiono a bank i the form
just agreed upon, if he supposed that it would be made the
groundwork or basis of a bank with all the powers of the late
Bank of the United States. He never would give his sanc-
tion to the power of local discount. He feared that, at the
next or succeeding sessions of Congress, the Whigs would be
bringing forward amendments engrafting this power upon
any charter he might now approve; and he appealed to his
Cabinet to know if they would stand by him, and use their
influence in preventing any such movements while his Ad-
ministration lasted. Mr. WEBSTER and ethers give him all
proper assurances upon this point.
The President thought a capital of fifteen millions of dol-
lars would be sufficient.
A name, he said, was important. What should it be?
h'iscal Institute would do. It was objected to, and tire name
of Fiscal Bank preferred by a member of the Cabinet. He
replied that there was a great deal in a name, and he did not
wish the word bank to appear in the bill.
The President then inquired if he was understood. He
said there must be no misunderstanding of what he proposed
to do. Addressing himself to Mr. EWING, he asked him if
he thought he understood his views fully. Mr. EWING under-
took to recapitulate. He understood the President to have
no objection to a bank in the District of Columbia, with
offices of discount and deposit in the States, with their as-
sent. The President interrupted him abruptly, by saying he
did riot understand him at all: he was not willing to sanction
any such bank. I understood his objection to be to the power of
local discount. I supposed Mr. EW'NG intended to say that he
understood the President had no constitutional objections to
such a bank. Mr. EWiN(., however, without explaining, went
on to say, that he now understood the President to have no ob-
jection to a bank in the District of Columbia, with the power
to issue its own notes, receive moneys on deposit, with offices
or agencies in the States having the privilege, without their
assent, of dealing in bills of exchange drawn in one State or
Territory and made payable in another Slate or Territory of
the Union, and in bills between the United States and foreign
States or Nations.
The President said he was then understood. He request-
ed Mr. WEBSTER particularly to communicate with the gen-
tlemen who bad waited upon him that morning, and to het
them know the conclusions to which he had come. He also
requested Mr. EwtrNu to aid in getting the subject properly
before Congress. He requested that they would take care
not to commit him by what they said to members of Con-
gress to any intention to dictate to Congress. They might
express their confidence and belief that such a bill as had
just been agreed upon would receive his sanction; but it
should be as matter of inference from his Veto Message and
his general views. He thought he might request that the
measure should be put into the hands of some friend of his
own upon whom he could rely. Mr. SERGEANT was named,
and he expressed himself satisfied that he should have charge
of it. He also expressed a wish to see the bill before it was
presented to the House, if it could be so managed.
I then said, addressing myself to Messrs. WESTEeR and
EwINo, that no time was to be lost in communicating with,
gentlemen of Congress; that there was danger that Mr.
EwINo's bill would be taken up and reported to the House
immediately after the bill sent back to the Senate with the
President's objections was disposed of.
As the members of the Cabinet rose to depart, or just be-
fore, the President requested Messrs. WEBSTER and EWING,
as they had turned their attention more particularly to the
subject, to furnish him with writ ten arguments upon the points
they ha-I been discussing. He wanted them to fortify his
owm opinion, and to lay up for future reference.
1 58 70 29-i1 I i 1 breeze
25S '; .51 Do. do.
3 66 7830. iDo. do. sultry
4 66 82 t 100 Io. do. 4 p. m. th. heavy rain
569 74 29.70 Cloudy, rain, evening fair
6064 76 .84 Fair, It. br.
7'(3 78 .78 Do. do.
8 ,4 640 .84 Do. rood. br.
9 72 80 .84 Cloudy, fresh br.
1071 80 .89 Do It. br. rain
t 1 70 74 .8o Do. do. do. waterspout and
12'62 72 .901 Do. do. [whirlwind.
t3164 i75 .80 Fr. calm, It. br.
14 65 76 .83:i Clo. fog, fr. do.
1o 65 76 0.07 Fair, It. and mod. br.
1661 76 .0 ,Do. rnod. br.
17,5S 74 29.96 Do. do. fog on the river before
1858 74 .83 Do. do. [sunrise
1958 76 .76 Dodo. d. do.
2(1 86 82 .s87 Do. do. do.
217084 .80 Do. do. shower
22:72 61 .77 Do. It. br.
. ', i te, Do. do.
i i .-n Do. do.
25160 72 30 05 Cloudy, nmod. br. fr.
26862 64 29.75 Do. It. br. rain
2766 74 .72 Do. caIn
28 6S 78 .75 1)D). It. br. rain, fair
296682 .91 Fair, fog before sunrise
3072 80 .72 Do. It. br. sprinkle of rain, 00.05
31866 78 .76 Do. do.
N. by W
Thermoumeter-Maximumr on the 22d and 23d 86 deg.
Minimum on the 10th and 27th 58 leg.
Difference ofextremes, 28 deg.
Mean of extremes, 72 deg.
Fall of rain for ithe month 1.91 inches.
-' (tinmbian Hiorticultural Suciety.-A meeting of
-. in will be held at the City Hall, on Friday afternoon, the
24th instant, at 4 o'clock, to distribute the premiums of the last
year. Specimens of fruits, flowers, vegetables, &c. if sent to the
Hall during ihe morning of that day, will be properly arranged
for exhibition. The Public are respectfully invited to attend.
sept 21-TWT&FPif (Globe)
C ASSINETS, CILOTHS, &c.-This day received-
Cloths, Cassimeres, Vestings, Cassinets, &e. &c. Some
entire new style, which we will sell low if called for early.
WASHINGTON, SEPT. 20, 1841. PERRY & ASHBY,
-sept 22 No. 2 from 7th st. opposite Centre Market.
AT THE OLD BANK OF COLUMBIA, GEORGETOWN. ITMBRELLAS.-Gentlemen's silk, cambric, cotton, anid
U Paris Sun Umbrellas, on hand and for sale low at the store
GRAND VOCAL CONCERT, of PERRY & ASHBY,
On Thursday next, 23d inst. sept 22 No. 2 from 7th st. opposite Centre Market. .
Tickets 50 cents each. 1) ET4H E'S Correspondence with a Child, in 2 vols.
Consisting of the Wonderful and Extraordinary Performanoes of X Just printed from the London edition. Also, Sir E. L. Bul- ic
TE E OUR HUNGA IAN SNE h! were's Critical and Miscellaneou- Writings, in two vols. Also,
TfIE FOUR HUNGARIAN SINGERS The Pie-Nic Papers, edited by Dickens. For sale by
Messrs. Rosen, Kaln, liebeinstein, and Reich, sept 22 F. TAYLOR. a
Whose peculiar style of Singing has generally been greeted with PAINTING, GLAZING, &sc.
tie most unbounded applause in the principal cities of America ; HE SUBSCRIBER respectfully informs his friends
besides which they have had the honor sf performing before .e and the Public generally that he still continues to carry on
several of the Crowned Heads of Europe, including their late thie House, Sign, and Fancy Painting and Glazing. Having just
Majesties and the present Queen of England ; at the Nobility laid in a stock of the best materials, he is now prepared to exe-
Concerts, the Hanover-square concert-rooms, the Theatres Royal cute oll orders in his line, which will be thankfully received, and
Drury-lane, Dublin, Edinburgh, Bath, Brighton, Bristol, &c. attended to with punctuality and despatch.
Tickets to be had at the principal Hotels, and at the door. THOMAS T. PARKER,
Concert to commence at 7 o'clock. sept 22-dtdif G street, between 18th and 19th streets, First Ward. p
U 0OAL DEPOT.-Lehigh, Schuylkill, and Susquehanna sept 10-eo2wif
SCoal, of the best quality, and of the various sizes adapted to ]F OR NEW ORLEANS.-The first-class, fast sailing, ct
family use, prepared and screened with peculiar care, for sale at coppered ship ALEXANDRIA, Charles W. Turner, mas-
the yard of B. M. DERINGER, foot of 17th street, Washington. ter, will sail about the t10th of October. For freight or passage,
All orders (paid) left at Walter W. Berry's store, Georgetown, having good accommodations, apply to
or at the yard, will be punctually attended to. WM. IOWLE & SON, G
sept 6-eolmif B. M. DERINGER. sept 9-eo2wif Alexandria. ot
EXTRACT OP A LETTER FROM AN OFFICER
In my last hurried note to you 1 mentioned having wit-
nessed a scene here a few days before, which, in my humble
judgment, put the famed story of iDamon and Pythias quite
in the shade. I will now give you some of the particulars.
A party of Indians was recently discovered by some of our
troops, who succeeded in capturing three of their warriors ;
the rest of the party, consisting of three men, and women and
children, numbering in all about twenty, fled. The captives
were brought to this place, where they were interrogated by
the Colonel, (Colonel WORTI,) (luring which it was discover-
ed that two of them had been concerned in killing and burn-
ing a mail-rider some time in March last. They were told
that, for this cruel act of theirs, they would be hung in fifteen
days, unless within that time the rest of their people should
come in. They were then placed in chains, and were per-
mitted to send out the third man of their party, with a talk,
to bring in the rest of their people, while they were commit-
ted to the guard. The man thus sent out returned in five
days, bringing with him a warrior by the name of Holate
Fixico and some women and children, among whom were
the mother and sister of one of the prisoners, whose name is
Talof Hadjo. The scene which followed may be dramatized
Scene, an open court in front of the Commanding Officer's
quarters-Indians are discovered seated under the trees,
among them Ifrlate Fixico, (Pythias,) on the grass, in the
Indian posture-Talof Hadjo, (Damon,) in chains, on a
bench, his head resting against the trunk of a tree, looking
towards the heavens, with a countenance indicative of resig-
nation-his mother and sister lying upon the grass at his feet,
the mother weeping at the fate which awaits her son-the
Colonel and other officers are discovered at a distance from
the group of Indians.
Colonel to Holate Fixico.- Where are the rest of the people
Holate.-They have separated and cannot be found.
Your troops have scattered them, and they have taken differ-
Colonel.-Know you not that, unless they are brought in,
these men (pointing to the prisoners) will be hungI (A pause.
The Indians disconsolate, but apparently resigned.) If I send
you out for the people, will you bring them in, in time to save
their lives ?
Holate.-They have gone off, and I know not where to
look for them. Like the frightened deer, they have fled at the
presence of your troops.
Colonel.-Indian can find Indian. If they are not here in
ten days, these men will surely die.
Holate.-The track of the Indian is covered; his path is
hidden; and cannot be found in ten suns.
Colonel to Talof.-Have you a wife
Talof.-My wife and child are with the people. I wish
them here, that I may take leave of them before I die.
Colonel.-Do you love your wife and child 1
Talof.-The dog is fond of its kind; and I love my own
Colonel.-Could you find the people that are out 1
Talof.-They are scattered, and may not be found.
Colonel.-Do you desire your freedom I
Talof.-I see the people going to and fro, and wish to be
with them. I am tired of my chains.
Colonel.-If I release you, will you bring in the people with-
in the time fixed 7
Talof-You will not trust me. Yet I would try.
Colonel.-If Holate Fixico will consent to take your chains
and be hung in your place if you should not return, you easy
,uo. (A long pause. Talof continues throughout the scene
with his eyes fixed on the heavens--his mother and sister
now cast imploring looks towards Holate, who, during the
last few questions, has struggled to maintain his composure,
evincing, by the heaving of his breast and his gaspings, as
though the rope were already about his neck, that he is ill ai
ease-all eyes are turned towards him-he recovers, and, with
the utmost composure and firmness, replies-)
IHolate.-I have no wife, or child, or mother. It is more fit
'that he should live than I. I consent to take his chains, aid
abide his fale. Let him go.
Colonel.-Be it so. But do not deceive yourselves. So sure
as Talof Hudjo brings not in the people within ten days Ho.
late dies the death of a dog.
With the utmost solemnity the two Indians were then
marched to the armory, where the chains were transferred
and in fifteen minutes after Talof was on his journey. Yes-
terday a messenger arrived bringing intelligence that Talo-
Hadjo was on his way in, with his people, and might be ex-
pected here to-morrow or next day.
There is more truth than poetry in the foregoing. Anti
what makes it more remarkable, when compared with the sto
ryofDamon and Pythias, is, that in the one case a strong
and devoted friendship existed between the parties, while,
in the other there appears no such feeling, but the sac
rifice offered by Holate arose from a purely noble and disin
terested motive; a desire to save the life of one whom he con
sidered of more consequence than himself. Pythias placeti
the utmost faith in the promise of his friend to return
at the appointed time. The noble Holate had no such as
surance given him. On the contrary, he well knew it wa-
barely probable that Talof would return with his people in
time to save his life."
'or the month of August.-Capitol Hill, II :.. .
A FEMALE TEACHER.-A situation either as Princi-
pal of a Female Seminary or Governess in a private faim-
ily is wanted by a lady who has had much experience in teach-
ing, and is competent to give instructions in all thie English
branches usually taught in our best Female Seminaries ; and, al-
so, in French, Latin and Greek, Drawing, Painting, and Plain and
Ornamental Needle-work. The most ample testimony of moral
mand literary qualifications and of success in teaching can be fur-
nished. Address H. 0. A Alexandria, D. C. sept 22--cp3t
ARTHENWARE, CHINA, & GLASS.-THOS.
PURSELL has just imported, per ship Gen. V -%,,.-, .,,
from Liverpool, (direct) one hundred and eighteen crates and
hogsheads of the above articles, of the newest patterns and shapes;
which, with his former stock, makes his assortment extensive and
complete. All of which will be sold, wholesale and retail, atAlex-
andria and Northern prices.
Goods assorted in the original packages, suitable for groceries
First quality Baltimore Stone-ware, at factory prices
Pipes in boxes, Looking-glasses, Knives and Forks
German silver Table and Tea-spoons, Waiters
Astral, stand, Liverpool, and wall Lamps, Lamp Wicks of vari-
German silver and other Castors, Britannia Tea and Coffea
Sets, &c. &c.
Grateful for past favors, he still solicits from his friends and the
Public generally a share of their patronage, assuring them that
nothing on his part shall be wanting to give satisfaction. Please
nall and examine ware and prices.
sep 2-eodlmif Opposite Brown's Hotel, Penn. avenue.
In' The Globe, Madisonian, Potomac Advocate, Alexandria
-azette, and Winchester Republican, will publish the above every
Aher day for one month.
OUTRAGE IN THE CAPITOL GARDEN.-We have just been
informed by Mr. MAHER, the public gardner, that in the course
of Monday night, some ill-disposed persons went into the
beautiful garden attached to the Capitol and destroyed a great
number of valuable plants and flowers, such as cabbage roses,
stocks, &c. Besides acting in this outrageous manner, the
villains cut and carried away not less 1,500 of the choice
dahlias which have been raised with so much care, and which
were so beautiful and ornamental to the public grounds. We
are authorized to say that the Commissioner of the Public
Buildings, justly indignant at this great outrage to public
properly, will give a reward of ten dollars to any person who
will inform against the perpetrator or perpetrators of this mis-
chievous villany. And we sincerely hope that, either with
or without the aid of the City and Capitol police, the offenders
will speedily be brought to condign punishment.
THE HUNOARtAN SINGERs gave their first Concert last Mon.
day evening at Carusi's Saloon, before a very genteel and
fashionable audience, including several amateurs and scien-
tific gentlemen. The performances of these talented melodists
were received throughout with marked and repeated applause.
We have rarely experienced more exquisite delight at any
musical entertainment in this Metropolis. It is announced
that the Hungarian Singers will pay a visit to our neighbors
at Alexandria during the present week, and we shall be
much mistaken if these extraordinary performers do not there
also meet with a liberal patronage and cordial welcome.
BOARD OpF ALDERMEN, MONDAY, SEPT. 20, 1841.
Present, Messrs. Goldsborough, (President,) Barclay, Orme,
Wilson, Goddard, Maury, Carbery, Adams, Byington, Brady.
Marshall, and Dove.
Mr. BvINGTON' presented a petition from James E. Thumlcrt;
which was read and referred to the Committee of Claims.
The Chair laid before the Board a petition from John it. Reily
and others; which was referred to the Committee on Improve-
Mr. CABBERY, from the Committee on Improvements, reported
without amendment the bill from the Board of Common Council
authorizing the gutter to be paved on, the south side of Canal
street, fiom 7th to 9th streets west. And it was then read the
third time, and passed.
Mr. CARsEBY, from the Committee on Improvements, to whom
was referred the bill from the Board of Common Council autho-
rizing the paving of two gutters across I street north, reported by
way of amendment a substitute for the same ; but, before the
question was taken thereon, the bill was ordered to lie on the
Mr. MABRY, from the Committee on Improvements, report-
ed without amendment the bill from the Board of Common Coun-
cil making an appropriation for constructing a brick culvert across
New York avenue, near 13th street west, and for other purposes.
The bill was then read the third time, and passed, by yeas and
nays as follows:
YEAS-Messrs. Goltsborough, Barclay, Orme, Wilson, God-
dard, Maury, Carbery, Byington, and Brady-9.
NAYs-Messrs. Adams, Marshal!, and Dove-3.
Thire Chair laid before the Board a memorial from Wmin. Hebb
and others, asking for the appointment of an additional police con-
stable for the Fourth Ward ; which was read, and referred to the
members from that Ward.
Mi. MAURY, from the Committee on Improvements, asked to
be discharged from thire further consideration of thire petition of
Robert S. Wharton and others ; and they were discharged accord-
Mr. CARSBERY, from the Committee on Improvements, reported
'without amendment the bill from the Board of Common Council
making an appropriation for certain improvements in the Fiost
Ward The bill was then amended, read the third time as amend-
ed(, and passed.
The bill from the Board of Common Council authorizing the
opening of an alley in -quare 492 was taken up, read twice, and
referred to the Committee orn imirn.rovemcnts.
And the Board adjourned.
BOARD OF COMMON COUNCIL, SEPTEMBER 20, 1841.
All the members present, except Mr. Bryan.
Mr. BACON presented the petition of J. W. Nye, praying re-
mission of a line; which was read, and referred to the Committee
Mr. BACON presented the petition of J. P. Pepper, praying that
he may be allowed to continue the stairway eercted in the alley
in square 491, adjoining his house; which was read, and referred
to the Concmittee on Police.
Mr. HARKNESS presented the petition of A. Rothwell and
others, in relation to certain footways in the neighborhood of 7th,
H and I streets norlh ; which was read, and referred t the Com-
mittee on Improvements.
Mr. MILLER presented thire petition of sundry citizens cf the
Filth Ward, trading that all enclosures of thire streets and ave-
nues of the city may be prohibited by law; which vas read, and
referred to the Committee on Police.
A communication was received from the Mayor, in reply to the
resolution of ite 13th instant, in ,relation to the sale of spirituous
liquors in the Capitol; which was read, and laid on the table.
Mr. FULMER, from the Committee of Claims, to whomrn was re-
ferred the bill from the Board of Aldermen for thire relief of John,
Waters, reported the same without amendment. And the bill was
read the third time, and passed.
And, from the same committee, to whom was referred the peti-
tion of J. C. McKelden, reported a bill entitled an act for the re-
lief of the legal representatives of John McKelden, of William ;
which was read three times and passed.
Mr. FRENCH, from the Committee on Police, to whom was re-
tferred there bill from tire Board of Aldermen relatr,-ig to ie enclos-
ing of streets and avenues, and repealing certain acts relating
thereto, reported the same without atnendinent.
Anrd, from the same e immittee, to whomn, was referred tire peti-
tion P. W. Galilsudet and others, asked to be discharged from its
And, from the same committee, to whom was referred, on the
26,h July last, tire resolution respecting ward commissioners, ask-
ed to be discharged from its further consideration.
Thire Hoard, on motion, took up for consideration the bill in rela-
tion to hackney carriages, cabs, and other vehicles for the trans-
portation of passengers.
The bill was read by sections, to which various amendments
were proposed and agreed to.
Mr. HANLY'S motion to amend the bill by striking out so mucn
as presciibes thire rates of fare was negatived as follows:
YEAs-Messrs. Easby BHanly-2.
NAYs-Messrs. Wilson, Johnson, Haliday, Radcliff, Hark-
ness, Bacon, Bassett, Beck, French, Van Reswick, Miller, Fer-
guson, Palmer, Crandell, Clark-15.
The bill was then, on motion of Mr. HABKNESS, recommitted to
thire Committee on Police for revision.
The amendment of the Board of Aldermen to the bill tasking
an appropriation for certain improvements in the First Ward was
taken up and agreed to.
The bill relating to the enclosure of streets and avenues was
taken up, and, on inmotion, recommitted to the Committee on Po-
And then the'Board adjourned.
Sale This Day.
D RUGS, &Ca AT AUCTION.-On Wednesday morn-
ing next, 22d instant, at 10 o'clock, we shall sell, without
reserve, at the store of J. L. Peabody, a variety of drugs, phials,
cask', lixlures, &c. and all goods that remain unsettled four from
tie previous sale DYER & W IGHT,
sept 21-2t Auctioneers.
NIMAL MAGNEsISM, just published and this day
received foc sale by F. TAYLOR.
FACTS IS MESMERISM, nwith reasons for a dispassiiUnote
inquiry into it, by the Rev. Chaunrey Hare Townshend, A. M.
late of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, 1 volume.
DWIGHT'S HISTORY OF CONNECTICUT, from ira first
settlement to the present time, 1 vohirme.
MANNERS AND CUSTOMS OF THE JAPANESE, in the
nineteenth century, from accounts of recent Dutch Residents in
Japan, and from the German work of Dr. Von Siebold, being the
132d volyrme of Barper's Family Library. sept 22
rEW JUVENILE BOOKS.-TThn Annualette, a
L1Christmas and New Year's Gift, edited by a lady ei Bos-
ton. The Child's Gem, a new volume for the little folks, illus-
trated with beautiful designs, and neatly bound. Child's Token,
for 1842, also for little folks, neat binding. Happiness: its na-
ture and soorres described, and mistakesaconcerning it corrected,
by J. A. James. Just received and for sale at the Bookstore of
R. PARNHAM, between 9th and 10th streets. sent 22
'ltHE LADY'S AN NUAL REGISTER for 18$4 ,
-N- edited by Mrs. Hale, formerly by Mrs. Gilhran. Tirra
work is particularly adapted to the domestic relations of social
life, comprising directions fur the cultivation oi fiuwers, &c.
INSUBORDINATION ; an American Story of Real Life, by
S. 5. Arthur, of Baltimore.
NEW COMIC ALMANAC roR 1842, illustrated by 40 de-
signs, by Crui :shank and others; full of wit and anecdote, and
MUSICAL ALMANAC FOR 1842, an entirely new affair, com-
prising 14 pieces of Music, Musical Anecdotes, &c. Jost receiv-
ed and for sale at the Bookstore of R. FARNHAM,
sept 22 Penn. avenue, betweenr 9th and 10th streets.
B1 ,OR carrying the mails of the United States from the
IL 15th of November, 1841, to the 30lh of June, 1845,
inclusive, on the following routes in Connecticut and New
York, will be received at the Department until 3 o'clock p.
min. on the 13th day of October next, to be decided by the 16,h
day of said October,
No. 714. From New Haven, by Derby, lumphreysville,
Oxford, Southford, Southbury, Woodbury, Bethlehem, and
South Farms, to Litchfield, 42 miles and back, three times
a week, in two-horse coaches.
Leave New Haven every Tuesday, Thursday, and Satur-
day, en arrival of the New York mail, say at 2 p in, arrive at
Litchfield same days by 11 p m
Leave Lilchfield every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday
at 10 a min, arrive at New Haven same days by 7 p m.
Proposals to carry in four-horse coaches will be considered;
also, to run on the other days.
NOT&-Ift this route is let to contract, the present service
on route 704, from Newtown to Litchfield, is to be discon-
Proposals, therefore, for tri-weekly horse service on part ot
704, from Newtown to Soutkbury, 7 miles, to run in two
hours, on days and at hours that will make due connexions
with the railroad cars, are invited.
No. 1013. From Rome, by Pine, McConnellsville, Cam-
den, West Camden, Williamstown, Sandbank, and Salmon
river, to Richland, 48 miles and back, six times a week in
Proposals to carry in two-horse coaches are also invited.
Leave Rome every day, except Sunday, at 4 a min, arrive
at Williamstown same day by 12 m, and at Richland same
day by 4 p m
Leave Richland every day, except Sunday, at 9 a min, ar-
rive at Williamstowi same day by 1 p m, and at Rome same
day by 9pmo.
Proposals to leave Rome in the evening and to arrive at
Rome early enough to connect with the afternoon train will
No. 1013a. From Williamstown,by Spencer, Union Square,
Mexico, New Haven, and Scriba, to Oswego, 32 miles and
back, six times a week, in two-horse coaches.
Proposals to carry in four-horse coaches will be considered.
Leave Williamstown every day, except Sunday, after ar-
rival of Rome mail, say at 1 p m, arrive at Oswego same day
by 8 p min
Leave Oswego every day, except Sunday, at 5 a m, arrive
at Williamstown same day by 1 p m.
No proposal will be considered unless it ba accompanied
by a guaranty, signed by one or more responsible persons, in
the following manner, viz.
The undersigned guaranty that if his bid for
carrying the mail from -- to be accepted by the Post-
master General, shall enter into an obligation prior to the 1i5th of
November next, with good and sufficient sureties, to perform tlhe
This should be accompanied by the certificate of a post-
master or other equivalent testimony that the guarantors are
men of property, and able to make good their guaranty.
The proposals should be sent to the Department sealed,
endorsed Proposals for route No. -," and addressed to the
First Assistant Postmaster General.
For the prohibition of bids resulting from combinations,
and the terms and conditions on which the contract is to be
made, see the late annual advertisement.
PosT OFFICE DEPARTMENT, )
August 26, 1841. aug 30-wtOct.13
'tlIFTY THOUSAND ACRES OF SWAMNP
r LAND IOR SALE.-The President and Directors
of the Literary Fund of North Carolina, to whose care and nmn-
agement was committed by law an appropriation of $200,000 for
making an experiment in draining and reclaiming the swamp lands
belonging to the State, having succeeded in part, do now make
known that, in pursuance of the authority vested in them by the
General Assembly, a public sale of a portion of said land wilt
take place on ihe premises on the last day of Novembei next.
The body of land reclaimed, and now offered for sale, embraces
about 50,000 acres; is situate in the county of Hyde and State of
North Carolina, and divides the waters flowing into the Albemarle
from those that run into Pamlico Sound.
The drainage, conducted at different periods by two scientific
engineers, Messrs. Charles B. Shaw and Walter Gwynn, has
been effected by two main drains, called Pungo and Alligatoi
canals, together with sundry tributaries or lateral ditches.
Pungo canal is about 6G miles long, with r, lts- width al
bottom of22 feet, depth of 6 feet, and fall at 1i ...i feet.
Alligator can'l is about 6i miles long, with an average width al
bottom of 30 feet, depth of 7, and fall of tO feet.
These canal empty into the navigable waters of Pamlico Sound,
and are accessible by vessels engaged in the coasting trade.
A large portion of this land abounds in juniper, cypress, and
other timber of the best kind. Another portion consists ,f prairie,
covered with cane and bamboo, and, according to the report of the
engineers above named, the soil is of surpassing fertility.
The sale will be by public auction to tlhe highest bidder, in
quarter sections of 160 acres each ; will take place at Pungo ca.
nat, on Tuesday, the 30th day of November next, and will be con-
ducted by the President and Directors of the Literary Fund in
A credit will be given to purchasers ofone, two, and three years,
on bonds with approved security, and titles withheld until the
whole of the purchase money be paid.
Given under my hand at the Executive Office, in the city ol
Raleigh, on the 30th day of August A. I). 1841.
JOHN M. MOREHEAD,
Gov. of the State, and, ex-officio, Pres.ident of the Board.
By order: P. REYNOLDS, Secretary.
A RKANSAS LAND AGENCY.-In compliance will.
the urgent solicitations of several of my former employer,
in that line, I[ have determined to resume the LAND AGENCY
BUSINESS. and now offer my services to all persons owning
lands in Arkansas, as an agent to pay taxes, redeem lands, record
deeds, procure information in relation to tlhe quality, value, and
local advantages of lands in any part of the State, or any othei
business connected with a GENERAL LAND AGzNCY.
From a residence in Arkansas of nearly 22 ears, during about
16 of which I have formerly had considerable experience as a
Land Agent, and some pretensions to business habits, I flatter my.
self that I shall be able to give satisfaction to all who may inutrusi
their business to me. As it is my intention to make no advances
of money, under any circumstances, it will be expected that alt
wha commit their business to me will accompany their orders
with a sufficient amount to meet all disbursements that may be
required. Remittances may be made (at the risk of the writers)
in notesof, or certificates of deposit in, any solvent banks in tihe
All communications (post paid) addressed to me at Little Rock,
Arkansas, will meet with prompt attention, if accompanied by it $5
note as an evidence that the writer is willing to pay for the ser-
vices he may wish me to render.
Refer to Hon. A. H SEVIER and Hon. W. S. FULTON, Senators,
and Hon. E. CaOses, Representative, in Congress rum Arkansas.
july 10-law6m WM. E. WOODRUFF.
7WO HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.-Ra,
Sawvay from the subscribers on the 24th inst. two negro men.
HENRY NAILOR, a dark copper color, 5 feet 6 or 7 inche,
high, square built, very talkative, and rather sprightly ; has holes
in his ears, and sometimes has rings in them ; lie has a bald spot
on oane side of his head about the size of a half-dollar; has a scar
on one or both of hishands, and thumb a little contracted; urged
between 22 and 23 years. His clothing, as far as recollected, is a
white jeans coat, and pantaloons of the same, and a pair of nan-
keen pantaloons. JACOB, a dark black, of the ordinary size, ra-
ther stout built, prominent eyes, and of pleasant appearance; has
holes in his ears, and sometimes wears rings. HI-- .'i dli,2 ..,
recollected. WVe will aive the reward of fifty I ,llr, t 1 r 'rr."
handed in the State of ', ,r'.>i for each of them, and the above
reward of two hundred .llhr,, ,f taken up out of the State, and
secured so that we get them again. There is no doubt but that
they have made for some free State.
THOMAS W. LEE.
Near Pleasant Valley Post Office, Fairfax co. Va.
JUDGEi DORSEY'S LAWS Ot)F MARYLAND,
complete in 3 vols. with a copious Index, Annotations, &c.
received for sale by F. TAYLOR. Also, Judge Dorsey's Statu-
tory Testamentary Law of Maryland, with the Decisions of the
Courts thereof explanatory of the same, 1 vol. thin octavo ; Judge
Lomax's Digest of the Laws respecting Real Property in the
United States, more especially those of Virginia, 3 vole; Commen-
taries on the Laws of Virginia, by Henry St. George Tucker,
Chancellor of the Fourth Judicial Circuit, 2 vols. aug 16
,j.IlE FARMER'S CABINET.-Thisis one of the best
and cheapest agricultural periodicals in the United States.
Its contents are original, practical, brief, and adapted to the cli-
mate ef all the Middle and Western States. It is published at
Philadelphia, on the 15th of every month, at one dollar a year,
in advance, contains 32 pages, and the volume for the year con-
tains 384 pages. The postage is only one cent for each number
within 100 miles of Philadelphia, and one cent and a half for any
greater distance; that is, only 12 to 1 cents a year for postage.
Believing the Cabinet to be a most invaluable work for farmers
and gardeners in Maryland, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Delaware,
and all the Western States, the subscriber has consented ta act as
general agent, and will allow to Postmasters and others who shall
get subscribers and send him their addresses and money, free
of postage, 16 2 3 per cent. commission. The year commenced
on the ta1st of August, and subscribers will be supplied with the
back numbers of the year. Complete sets ofthe five back volumes
can also be supplied for five dollars. Every farmer should have
this excellent work. GIDEON B. SMITH, Agent,
sept 8- North street, neat rthe Post Office, Baltimore.
BOARDING DURING THE NEXT SESSION
OFl CONGRESS maybe had for fourorfive Gentle-
men, if early application is made at the house east of the City
Hall, corner of 3d and D streets. There is a stable and coach-
house on the premises. sept t0--eo3t
GRANDJEAN'S COMPOSITION ifor the Hair-
SA fresh supply of which has just been received at Station-
ers' Hall, where the genuine article is kept constantly for sale
by W. FISCHER,
aug 18 Agent for the Proprietor.
LEACHED and Brown Cotton Sheetings and
Shirtings.-20 bales and cases, assorted widths and
qualities, for sale at unusually low prices, by
sept13 PERRY Ao ASHBY.
tltVWO THOUSAND FOSTER'S COPY BOOKS.
J it received from the Norlh, two thousand Poster's Ele-
mentary Copy Books, designed to lead the learner, upon simile
principles, from the first rudiments of penmanship to a perfect
knowledge ofthe art; beings a new and improved plan ofteach-
ing, by which the trouble and loss of time in ruling horizontal and
diagonal lines and setting copies are avoided, and tha attainment
of penmanship is greatly facilitated. Adapted to schools and pri-
vate instruction. For sale at reduced prices.
sug 30 Between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
VrrlUC us' CusaaVssAcRY GENERAL or SUBSISTEtCK,
WASHINGTON, JULY 1, 1841.
SEPARATE PROPOSALSwill be received at this office until
the 1st day of October next for the delivery of provisions in
)ulk for thie ue of the tiaops of the United States, upon inspec-
tion, as follows-
At New Orleans.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do fresh Superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
600 do good hard Sperm Candles
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good cider Vinegar
At the public landing, six miles from Fort 7"owsan,moeatho/
100 barrels of Pork
200 do freslih superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beaus
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
600 do good hard Spermni Candles
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good cider Vinegar.
The whole to be delivered in all the month of April, 1842, and
to leave Natchitoches by the 20th of February, 1842.
At Fort Jesup, Louisiana.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
600 do good haid Sperm Candles
30 bushels o,f good clean dry Salt
.l'un v .ll-i-. of good cider Vinegar
O. ,.., .11 m. i.. delivered on 1st May, 1842, and the remainder
on 1st D)cemmber, 1842.
At FPort Smith, Arkansas.
1,000 barrels of Pork
2,000 do of fresh superfine Flour
900 bushels of new white field Beans
15,000 pounds of good hard Soap
6,000 do of good hard Sperm Candles
300 bushels of good clean dry Salt
4,000 gallons of good Cider Vinegar
The whole to be delivered in all the month of May, 1842.
At St. Louis, or Jefferson Barracks Missouri.
t100 barrels of Pork
200 do offresh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 p fundss of good hard Soap
600 do ofgood hir' l p-rts Candles
30 bushels of good I-m n n, l "'at
400 gallons of good Cider Vinegar
At Fort Crawford, Prairie du Chicn, Mississippi river.
40t barrels of Pork
800 do offresh superfine Flour
360 bushels of new white field Beans
6,000 pounds ofl good hard Soap
4,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
12t0 bushels of good clean dry Salt
1,600 gallons of good Cider Vinegar
Thie whole to be delivered by thie 1st of June, 1842.
At Fort ..' t, ,', u '. St. Peter's.
200 barrels of Piok
4n, u u of fresh superfine Flour
180 bushels of new white field Beausa
3,000 pounds of good hard Soap
2,000 pounds of good hard tallow Candles
60 bushels of good clean dry Salt
800 gallons of good Cider Vinegar
The whole to be delivered by the 15th of June, 1842.
At Fort Winnebago, on the Fox River, at the Portage of Foe
and Wisconsin Rivers.
200 barrels of Pork
400 do of fresh superfine Flour
180 bushels of new white field Beans
3,000 pounds of good haid Soap
2,000 do of good bard tallow Candles
60 bustselsof good clean dry Salt
800 gallons of good Cider Vinegar
The whole to be delivered by the l1st of June, 1842.
At Fort Howard, Green Bay.
100 barrels of Pork
200 barrels of fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
1,000 do of good iuhard tallow Candles
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons ,r .. I (C'ider Vinegar
The whole to be i ... Iby the 1st of June, 1842.
At Fort Brady, Sault de Ste. Marie.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do of fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
1,000 do of .ood hard tallow Candles
30 ..-i, i i good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good cider Vinegar
The whole to be delivered by the 1st of June, 1842.
At Hancock Barracks, Hollon, Maine.
400 barrels of Pork
800 do of fresh superfine Flour
360 bushels of new white field Beans
6,000 pounds of good hard Soap
4,000 do of good hardtallow Candles
120 bushels of good clean dry Salt
1,600 gallons of good cider Vinegar
The whole to i e delivered in December, 1841, and January
nd February, 1842.
At Fort Sulltvan, Eastport, Maine.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do of fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
1,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good cider Vinegar
At Fort Preble, Portland, Maine.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do of fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels o new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hi rd Soap
1,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good cider Vinegar
At Detroit, Michigan.
200 barrels of Pork
400 barrels of fresh superfine Flour
180 bushels of new white field Beans
3,000 pounds of good hard Soap
2,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
60 bushelsof good clean dtry Salt
800 gallons of good cider Vinegar
At Buffalo, New York.
200 barrels of Pork
400 do of fresh superfine Flour
180 bushels of new white field Beans
3,000 pounds of good hard Soap
2,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
60 bushels of good clean dry Salt
800 gallons of good cider Vinegar
At New York City.
200 barrels of Pork
400 do of fresh superfine Flour
180 bushels of new white field Beans
3,000 pounds of gocd hard Soap
2,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
60 bushels of good clean dry Salt
800 gallons of good eider Vinegar
At Baltimore, Maryland.
100 barrels of Pork
200 doI of fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beatr
1,500 pounds of gnod hard Soap
1,000 pounds of good hard Tallow Candles
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good Cider ,. n. ir
NOT-E.-AIi bidders are requested to extend the amount of their
bsids for each article, and exhibit the total amount of each bid.
The periods and quantities of each delivery at those posts where
they are not specified will be one-forirth 1st June, let September,
1st December, t842, and 1st Marcb, 1843.
Thie hogs of which the Pork is packed to he fattened on corn,
and each hog to weigh not less than two hundred pounds, and
consist of one hog to each barrel, excluding the feet, legs, ears,
and snout. Side pieci's may be stbstituted for the hams.
T'e Pork is to be first salted with Turk's Island salt, and then
carefully packed wiuh ihe same article in pieces not exceeding ten
pounds each. Whuen the packing has been completed, the con-
tractor must furnish to tins office a certificate fiom the packerthat
the Pork lias been so salted anot packed.
Tire Pork to be contained in seasoned heart of white oak or
white ash barrels, tuil hooped ; the Beans in water-tight barrels,
and the Soap and Candles in strong boxes of convenient size for
transportation. Salt will only be received by measurement of
thirty-two quarts to tihe bushnel. The candles to have cotton
wicks. The provisions for Prairie du Chilen and St. Peter's must
poss St. Louis, fus" their ultimate destination, by the 15th of April
1842. A faoiure in this particular will be considered a breach oh
contract, and the Departnrent will be authorized to purchase to
supply these posts.
The provisions will he inspected at the time and place of deli-
very, and all expenses to be paid by cootractorn nntil they are
deposited at such store-houses as maybe designated by the agents
ef the Department.
The Commissary General reserves the privilege of increasing
or diminishing the quantities, or of dispensing with one or mores
articles, at any time before entering into contract, and also of in-
creasing or reducing the quantities of each delivery one-third,
subsequent to contract, on giving sixty days' previous notice.
Bidder., not heretofore contractors, are required to accompany
their proposals with evidence of their ability, together with the
names of their sureties, whose responsibility must be certified by
the District Attorney, or by some person well known to the Gov-
ernment, otherwise their proposals will not be acted on.
Advances cannot be made in any case; and evidence of inspec-
tion and full delivery will be required at this office before requi-
sition will be made upon the Treasury for payment, which will
be effected in such public money as may be convenient to the
points of delivery, the places of purchase, or the residence of the
contractors, attheoption of the Treasury Department.
No drafts on this office will be accepted or paid under any cir-
Each proposal will be sealed in a separate envelope, and mark-
ed "Proposals fur furnishing Army Subsistenrce."
july t--3tawt2SS GEO. GIBSON, C. G.
T O AMATEURS OF MINERALS.-A neat collec-
tionofGems and Precious Stones, and a neat collection of
Gems and Minerals ; the first containing forty, and the sla ter one
hundred aud five specimens ; all well arranged and numbered,
with catalogues and directions, in cases, are justreceived and for
aug 30 F. TAYLOR, Bookseller.
TEW BOOKS.-Just published and for sale by WM. M.
'% MORRISON, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel, The Idler
in France, in 2 vola., by the Countess of Blessington. Charles
O'Malley, cheap edition. Also, Nos. 8 and 9 of Thiers's French
Revolution, and Nos. 8 and 9 of Waverley Novels, the cheapest
edition ever published in the United States, the whole of which
costs only a five dollar note. aug 6
N EW CARPETINGS.-l give notice to mry customers
and the public that 1 have just received an assortment of
the best qu. lity oflngraie_ and Thread Carpeting, that I can afford
to sell ten per cent. cheaper than any other establishment in the
city. All those wishing to purchase will please to favor me with
a call before they buy any where else.
sept2-3aw lm Between 12th and 13ith sts.
tIUt. t at. Alxft'M'in.--JAiif.n ii. CAU:-
TEN,(late of Baltimr,-e,) having muadetiiscity his perimi-
nent residence, will undertake, with hisaccustomed zealand dil-
igence, the settlement of claims generally; and more particularly
claims before Congress, against the United States, or the several
Departumentsthereof, and before any Board of Commissionersthat
may be raised for the adjustment of spoliation or other claims.
He has now in charge the entire class arising out of French spo-
liations prior to the year 1800; w itli reference to which, in addition
to a mass of documents and proofs in his possession, be has ao-
cess to those in the archivesof the Government.
Claimants and pensioners on the Navy fund, &o., bounty lands;
return duties, &e. dc. and those requiring life insurance, can,
have their busing, ;i- r. i *i,*iended to by letter, (post paid,)
and thus relieve i. t. ..i ii..- an expensive and inconveaieli
persona I attendance.
Havingobtained a commission of Notary Public, he is prepared
tofurnish legalized copies of any required public documents ti
other papers. He hia been so long engaged in the duties of ar
agent, that it can only be necessary now to say that economy andi
prompt attention shall be extended to all business confided 0o hit
care; and that, to enable him to render his services aud facilitie-:
more efficacious, hlie has become familiar with all the forms'
Officeon F street, near the new Treasury Building.
^EW BOOKS.-Lite and Literary Remains of L. E. L.t
yai by Laman Blanchard, in 2 volumes. Ella V., or the July
Four, by one of the Party. Also, Nos. 7 and 8 Cihas. O'Malley;
and No. 8 Barnaby Rudge, are this day published ind for sale by
W. W. MORRISON,
June 30 Four doors west of Bro An's.
A N NUAiLS t)lt 1 S42.-JusTtpublished and for salet
MORRiSON'S, four doors west of Brown's Hotel, the
Gift for 1842, with eight beautiful steel cngravings. Also, the
Violet, a beautifulI present for young persons, vithi eight beautiful
illustrations Ierom steel engravings, sept 3
.I 'IE I.IFE AND. TIMES OF RED JACKET,
t. or , '. .,i .. being the sequel tio the Hi toryof the
Six Nation, i \ iii .it,,,, I. -Stone, is just published, and for sale
by WV. M. MORRISON,
aug 11 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
IN EW NOVEL.--The Marrying Man, a novel, by the au-
thor wf Cousin Geoffrey, in 2 vols. Also, Number 9
Batrnaby R.R.- ,,ire just received and for, dle by W. M. MOR-
RISON, ..- I.. west o'f Blrown's Hotel. july 9
gn"IIa1E IMPORT I 1i I'L*.- i..., of Evidence given
U before the House of Commiions on hiporl, Duies; Lotntdomn,
t1841. A few copies just imported by F. TAYLOR.
Also, Eisdell's Industry of Nations, siad tihe Principles of Na-
tional Economy and Taxation, 2 vols. 1829. Hand-Book of Trade
aund Commerce, Manufactures, Commercial L, w, &e. 1 vol. ar-
" .. ,* J 1 , .r .i,-i .. .. ...... i.me reference; London, 1840.
I i .... i i,-, it -, :..,. 7 volumes;i London, 1839.
Lives of Eminent Foreign Statesmen, 5 volumes, London. The
Napoleon Code, literally trans ated into L..' I. I., from the official
edition- Montesquieu's Spir t of Laws, translated into English, 2
volumes. Macpherson's Annal- of Conmmerce, volumes. Code
Maritime, or Lois de la Marinie Marchanmd, adumiiistratives de Cont-
meree, civiles et penales, 2 volumes; Paris, 1840. The Philoso-
phy of Joint Stock Banking, by G. M. Bell; Lomid'n, 1840. Por-
ter's Progress of the Nation (British) in regard to its production,
interchange, icvenue, and expenditure, pepulalion, &c. &c. 2 vols.
Taylor's Catechisi-m of Foreign Fc,,hir,- ,'*nd the Effects of an
Abasementtof Bullion. Wade's il. , i, ,.I Middle and Work-
ing Classes; the Economical and Political Principles which have
influenced the past and present condition of the industrious or-
ders; and a large and valuable collection, both I-. : h .. i\...I -
rican, of works oi Currency and Finance, Trade, Commerce,
ad them other branches of PoliticalF "'. 1 "| i- r. ..
can bei fo mund elsewhere in the Unit- I t ,. :, I.. .. .
are constantly being made. aug 4
er HIS DAY PUJBLISIED and fot sale by W. M
At MORNISON, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel, An Inquiry
into the History of Slavery; its Introduction into the United
States; causes if its Continuance, and Remarks upon the Aboli-
tion Tracts of Rev. William E Chinning, D. 1).
I WEEDIE'S MEDICAL LIBRARY, Vol. 5tlh,
U. containing Rheumatism, Gout, Dropsy, Scurvy, &-e. Also,
the five volumes lull bond in leather, to match the 7th No. of
Burnaby Rudge, are this day received, and for sale by
W. M. MORRISON,
june 14 Four doors west ofBrown's Hotel.
UtT PUBLIHE a, mndi tobe had at the subscriber's,
a pamphlet of 67 pages, entitled Charges Pr r..1 .. .1
Doti Joaquin Velasquezde Laeon and Donu Pdro .i. -.
Castillo, members of the Board of Commissioners under the Con-
vention of April i 1, 1839, on the part of the Republic of Mexico,
addressed to the President of the United States by Orazio do At.
I;. ,.i. \..:. I a citizen of the United States, with twenty-
b. ...*I ...*.....!.I R. PFARNHAM,
july 19 Between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
3 l lI . TAYLOR, and this day opened, a large collection of the
standard French authors, I... .;. s 03ome ofthe new publics-
tions, novels, and other ..hi 1.1 r ,,r. appearing in 1840 and
1841, too numerous fir the limits of an advertisement. Packed in
Paris on 28th June. aug 23
HEAP LI-TERATUU E.-- Theinflaence of literature
upon society, by Madame de Stael, with a umiemoir of ihe
life and ,;,,. fr Ie autlior, by Boileau ; Foster's Essays on
Decision '',. .. .1. ', and the other essays of the same author,
seven in number ; Comb's Essay on the Constitution of Man,
considered in relation to external objects ; The Philosophy of
Sleep, by Macnish; M.tcnish's Anatomy of Drunkenness; Ma-
son's Treatise on Self Knowledlge.
All contained, without abridgment, in one large octavo volume,
price$1 50, well printed and bound in full leather. In any other
form tthe same works cannot be purchased for less than $10.
Just received, a few copies only, by
aug 16 F. TAYLOR.
OUBLII- PATENT PERRYIAN FILTER
INKSTAND)-A fresh supply of the above inkstand
just received. The eulogy bestowed on this improvement by
the public journals, and the preference obtained for them over the
common inkstands, are almost unprecedented. The present novel
and scientific method of sup, lying clear ink to the dilping cup,
and returning it into the reservoir, is i. ....;.I. simple-the
action being now performed by meiely l.r',.... i it.. lid to obtain
a supply, and shutting it down to withdraw it In this state it
cannot overflow, whatever may be the change of te.,uperature,
and it is protected from dust or other injury in any place or eli-
mate. When the inkstand is filled, it is always ready for use, and
the writer will have a regulei .. .i supply of clear ink for
six months. For sale at the . .it ..-i
july 19 Between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
t OCH OL AND JUVENILE BOOKS.-R. FARN-
S HAM, between 9th and 10it streets, Pennsylvania Avenue,
has lately received a large supply of School Books, the best and
latest editions, well bound, warranted, nmd will be sold at the low-
est prices. Parents and teachers will find it to their advantage
to call, where will be founl as good an assortment as at any store
in tiecoun-try. may 3
V'EN T1IOUSAND A YEAR COMPIET'ED.-
E TIhe 6th and last volume of Ten Thousand a year, just re-
ceived and for sale at MOKRISON'Sr four doors west of Brown's
Also, a cheap edition of James's last work, Ancient Regime, at
62 cenis, just half the price of thie tst edition, sept 3
LBIIFTY DOLLARS It EWARD.-- Ran away from her
owner, in this city, or Thursday, the 12tb of the present
moath, negro wonmau LAURA, Said negro woman is about the
medium nize, 19 years of age, of a light black complexion, low
forehead, sm l eyes, round face, small breasts, and has remark-
abiy large feet and ankles: Ihe also lisps a little, particularly
when embarrassed by questions. She is ar accomplished housemaid
and seamstress, and will probably change her name, and endea-
vor to get employment in that line. She has an auntit Georgctewn
belonging to Mr. Henry Mat-hew:, anit another relation living
with, Mr. Berry of that place. She also has many acquaintances
in \% .', '.,,. i r.
T're above reward will be given for her apprehension if taken
, ,. i ,.. l;i..;. F the Distrrct if Columbia ; or twenty-five dol-
'I, *' mt .. ,,,, the District and delivered to the subscriber
in Washington. T. C. WILSON,
aug 25--dtf Constable.
L AND) FOR SAIE.-The subscriber offers at private
sale a large tract of Land lying in Prince George's county,
Maryland, about ten miles from \Vashington and eight mile
from Alexamdria. The roads from WVashiogton to Nrlttine-
hart, from Alexandria lt Upper Marlborough and Nottingham,
from Upper Marlborortgh to Piscataway, and many others, trass
through this tract, which has beerm recenilysurveyed and divided
into small farms of two hundred and three hundred acres each,.
A portion of this tract consists of very valuable timber and wood
land, not more tlan five or sia- miles from Upper Marlborouhlr,
adjoining the estates ofR. D. Sewall and Riclard West, Esquires.
This land will be sold very low, and on a credit of from sine to ten
years, upon the p.,. i,.-.:i '* in.,, i. fin. .i.ncurity.
Any applicatio.,, ,....: r I .r .u ..r *,m I:,'' r, to the subscriber,
near li i'n..i- *i-r,- or to John Calvert, Esq., residing at Mount
Airy, within two miles of the land, will be promptly attended to;
and the land will be shown to any one disposed to purchase, by
John Calvent, Esq.
lune 16-2awtf CHARLES B. CALVERT.
TREASURY OF KNOWLEDGE AND COM-
SPLETYE LIBRARY OF REFERENCE, in2
vols. of eleven hundred pages each, just received by F. TAY-
LOR, for sale, in full leather binding, at $3 75 cents for the set,
(published at 6 dollars.) It contains a complete Gazetteer, a Chro-
i, . I and Historical Dictionary, Law Dictionary, Classical
J,... ,in, it, a Dictionary of tmhe English Language, nn English
Grammar, a D;.,; .m of Words, Sentences and Quotations in
general use fi-.... ,. r Latin, French, Italian and Spanish Lan-
guages, with their Translations in English, a Dictionary of Maxims
and Proveibs of all countries, translated, in Encyclopedia cf
Science and Arts, a Biographical Dictmonary, and a masa of other
useful information, arranged for immediate reference, too exten-
sive to be named within the limits of an advertisement. A few
copies only received, aug 9
Orphans' Court, August 27T, 184:1.
District of Columbia, Washington County, to wilt:
I N the case of John W. Maury, administrator of Daniel D.
Arden, deceased, thme administrator, with the approbation of
the Orphans' Court, has appointed the third Tuesday in Septem-
ber next for the final settlement of said estate, and for the payment
and distribution, under the Court's direction and control, of the
assets in the hands of said administrator, so far as collected : when
and where all the creditors of said deceased are notified to attend:
Provided, a copy of this notice be published once a week for three
successive weeks in one or more newspapers of the city of Wash-
ington. Test: ED. N. ROACH,
aug 30-w3w Register of Wills.
iU MBRELLAS.--Gentlemen's-silk, cambric, cotton, and
J Paris sun umbrellas, at all prices, this day received, and
for sale by PERRY & ASHBY.
PATRIOTIC BANK, WASHINGTON, AUG. 28, 1841.
A GENERAL MEETING of the Stockholders of this
batik will he feld at the banking house on Tuesday, the 28th
day of September next, between the hours of 10 A.M. and 3P. M.
for the purpose of electing nine Directors to serve as such until
the first Monday in July, 1842, agreeably to the act of Congress
passed on the 25th -nat. for the purpose of nevivingandm extending
the charters of the banks in the District of Columbia.
By order, PISHEY THOMPSON,
aug 30-3aw3w&dtf2l t28sep Cashier.
BANK OF THE METROPOLIS,
WASHINGTrroN, AUGUST 27, 1841.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that a general meet-
Sing of the stockholders of this Bank will be holden, at the
banking house in this city, on Monday, the 27th day of Septem
hber next .- in.ween the hours of 10 o'clock A. M., and 3
o'clock P iM i r i. purpose of electing nine Directors for this
Bank, to serve from that time untilthe first Monday in July, 1842;
under the act of Congress passed on the 25th day of August,
1841, entitled "An act to revive and extend the charters tf certain
banks in the District of Columbia."
By order of the Board :
aing 28-3tawt20Sdt27S IRD. SMITH, Cashier.
BANK OF W.--n.-. ,. .AUGUST 28, lsl1.
JOTICE IS HEREBY t.lI LN that a general meet-
L. ing of the Stockholders of this Bank will be holden at the
banking house in this city on Thursday, thIe 30th day of Septeim-
ber next ensuing, between the hours of 10 o'clock A. M. and 3
o'clock P. M. for the purpose of electing nine Directors for this
Bank, to serve from that time until the first Monday of January,
1842, under the act of Congress passed on thie 25th instant, enti
tied '" Ant act to revive and extend the charters of certain banks
in the District of Columbia."
By order of the Board:
aug 31-3Stawt30th S JAS. ADAMS, Cashier.
FARMERS AND MNECUANICS' BANK,
GEORGETOWN, AUGsUST 28, 1841.
OTICE IS HEREBY GIV;N that aM election will
I take place at the banking house, on Tuesday, the 281h day
of September next, between the hours of 10 o'clock A. M. anmd
3 o'clock P. M., for nine Directors for this bank, to serve untmilthe
first Monday in July, 1842 ; under the act of Congress to revive
and extend the chi rters of certain banks in the District of GCo-
lumbia, passed on the 25th August, 1841.
By order of thie Board :
aug 30-3tawtsep28 J. 1. STULL, Cashier,
B ANCRiOFTI'S HISTORY OF' TIlE UNITED
STATES, 3 vols. Democracy in Amnerica, 1st and 2d
tpaits. History of the ,-. i n. t in., S. Turner, in 2 vols.
The Ecclesiastical and ,i ,,.1 II .. ,. of the Popes of Rome,
by Sarah Austin, in 2 vols. General History of the World, from
the earliest times until the year 1831, by Charles Von Rotteck.
IL. D. translated front the German and continued to 1840 by
Frederick Jones, A. M. in 4 uvols. History of the Navy of the
United Slates of America, by J. Fenitunore Cooper, inu 2 vol.
Thie above works are for sale low by
W. M. MORRISON,
june 141 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY
JOthN J. IONALD ON., P tVrUrENT.
St4SU0RES LIVES for one er umor cycar er for life.
Rates for Otne Hundred Doiars.
Age. One year. *Seveen years. For life.
25 !.00 ;.12 2.04
30 1.31 1 36 2.36
35 1.36 1.53 2.75
40 1.69 1.83 3.20
45 1.9] 1.96 3.73
50 1.96 -C.09 4.If
55 2,32 3.21 5.78
60 4 35 4.91 7.00
Ratesafor One Hundred Dollars.
60 years of age, 1-0.55 per cent. )
65 do. 12.27 do. per annum.
70 do. 14.19 do.
For One Hundred Dollars deposited at birth of c th-tohe CGon
pany will pay, if he attain 21 yeais ofage, S 5;9
At six months, 408
One year, 375
The Companyalsoexecutesteiusts; receives money on dep-site,
paying interest semi-annually, or compounding itn, and make
all kinds of contracts in which life or the interestofr mooney ie in.
volved. WILLIAM MURIDOCK, Secretary.
Jamesn11. Causten) C(i, fV.-.;,, ', n.
Dr. B. R. W ellfird, fi I. 1, -1 .,. \ ,' um,.i,.
H. Baldwin, Richmond, Va.
I). Robertson, Norfolk, Va.
George Richards, Leesburg, Va. rnn r 1 -v- v
NFIEILD'S HISTORY OF PilILOSOPIVY,
from the earliest peritdo, by Willianm Enfield, LL. I).-
new edition, the whole complete in one volume. London, 1S40.
Just itmpomrted-a few copies only-by
july 21 P. TAYLOR.
I n Somerset County Court, May Term, 1811.
In the matter of the petition of William OQ. Morris for the division
of the real estate of Joseph Morris, deceased.
T]HHE Cetitwisaioners heretofore appointed for the purpose ol
-a making division of said estate having returned their judg-
ment that the same is incapable of division into any number of
parts without loss to the parties interested, and the same having
been confirmed by the Court: It is therefore ordered, this 250th
day of May, 1841, that notice be given to Williams Q. Morris, one
of the heirs and representatives of the said Joseph M)rris, whi
is absent out of the State of Maryland, by causing a copy of this
order to be published at least four successive weeks before tin
second day of November term next, in some newspaper publish
ed in Washington city, notifying thie said absent representative to
appear and make his cleci.m, according to the act ofAssemblyin
suah case made and provided.
RICE J. GOLDSBOROUGH.
True copy-Test: LEVIN HANDY, Clerk.
aunz 19 -,4w
(1 EMS Sk' IRISH EI)OQUENCE, WI'T, AND
SANECDOTIC, by James IlHoban, of the Washi-
ingtonl Bar.-A few copies of the above work just received,
and fur sale at the Bookstore of it. FARNHAM,
sept 3 Bemtween 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
SISTORY OF GREECE from the earliest times.
published by the British Society for the diffusion of useful
knowledge, in 1 volume octavo, London edition, 288 closely print-
ed pages. Price $1 25.
GREECE, Historical and Descriptive, hby C. Wuordsworth, I).
I). I volume, containing nearly 400 engravings beautifully exe-
cuted. London, 1839. Price $1t. Just imported by
sept 3 F. TAYLOR.
ARCHMENT.-Parchment manufactured and for sale by
sept Q-eo3m No. 7 Willow street, Philadelphia.
ECTURES ON G-lOL,)GY, Numberli, translat-
ed from the German of Leonhard, and edited by Professor
F. Hall, is just published, and for sale, together with the previous
numbers, by F. TAYLOR. Price 50 cents each. sept 8
NE HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.--Ran
away from the subscriber, on thie 13th day of July last, Ne-
gro Boy HAMLET, about aged 18 years, well grown, end of a dark
complexion ; besides, hie may be readily identified by an enlarge-
ment of one of his legs, caused by a scrofulous atlection. Whies
I last heard from himi, he was endeavoring to obtain forged free
papers, under the assumed name of Curtis, with a view to escape
from the State.
The above reward will be given for him, if taken out of thia State
and detained so that I get him again; if taken in the State, but
out of the county, I will give $75; and if taken in the county,
$40. All romnmnications to be directed to me, near Clifton Fac-
tory, St Mary's county, Md.
septI4w4w ARTHUR D. COAlI.
OOPER'S NEW NOVEL; the Deer Slayer, or
The First War-path. Just received for sale bv F.
TAYLOR, and for circulation ammng thie subscribers to thie Wav-
erly Circulating Library, immediately east of Gadsby's.
rjV3)O HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.--Ran
.5. away from the subscruher's farm, near Rockville, Mont.
gomery county, Maryland, on Friday, the l3th instant, negro nan
JOHN, .: .11;. -iimself John Handy ; he is about six feet high,
stonily .i.11, i. rt, black, and about twenty-five years oid ; two si
his fingers are slightly contracted, the result of an incised wound
received smue years past in the arm, but I do not recollect whe-
ther the wound was inflicted ou the right or left arm ; his lipr are
large and protuberant, and he is generally insolent when spo-
I wilt give two hundred dollars if taken inn any free State, or
fifty dollars nm matter where taken, provided he be secured in
jail so that I get him again. TURNER WOOTTON,
aug 23-4w Nottingham, Prince George's co. Md.
r5NHIi EPICUREAN, a Tale, by Thomas Moore, Esq
.U-a new edition revised and corrected by the autuior with
notes. Just received and for sale at the Stationery store of
june 28 between 9th and 10th sts., Penn. av.
W IlLSON'S FRENCH AND ENGLISH DIC-
TIONARY, containing full explanations, definitions,
synonymes, idioms, proverbs, terms of art and science, and rules
of pronunciation in each language, by the Rev. Joseph Wilson,
late professor of French in St. Gregory's College. Also, a Clas-
sical Dictionary, containing an account of the principal proper
names mentioned in ancient authors, and intended to elucidate all
the import.mit points connected with the geography, history, biog-
raphy, mythology, and fine arts of the Greeks and Romans, to-
gether with am account of coins, weights, and measures, with tab-
ular values of the same, by Chai les Anthon, L.L. D., are for sale
by W. M. MORRISON, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
DR. F EUCIHTWANGER'S INFALLIBLE
POISONS I-For killing, destroying, and exterminating
every species of vermin infesting private and public houses, bed-
rooms, garrets, stores, storehouses, gardens, fields, trees, &c. &c,
such as rats, mice, cockroaches, bedbugs, is 'squitoes, fleas, flies,
ants, moths, caterpillars, hornets, mites, &d, .&c. &c. for sale by
unly 27-w3t corner of 4Q street and Penn. Avenue.
GEMS OF IRISH ELOQUENCE, WIT, AND
ANECDOTE, by James Hoban, Esq. of the Washing-
ton Bar, 1 volume, 12m,.
mu We advise our friends who can sit and enjoy a sweet com-
munion with thie high-souled thoughts of the master spirits of
oratory to purchase this beautiful collection of extracts."
"The selections are made with good taste and judgment, and
afford as fair specimens of Irish genius as can be found any
where else in the same compass.
[New York Courier and Enquirer.
"There is probably no country where eloquence and wit of the
richest kind, whether polished or in the crude state, are found in
greater abundance than in Ireland; and the specimens here
given are choice ones. It should bie in the possession of every
faithful son of Ireland." [Boston Journal.
For sale at the Bookstore of R. FARNHAM,
sept 10 Penn. avenue, between 9th and 10th sts.
YOUNG LADIES' ACADEMY.--Mrs. HARRIET
D. P. BAKER respectfully announces her intention to
open an Academy for young ladies in the city of Washington, in
which will be taught the various branches of an English education,
together with rhe Italian, Spanish, and French languages, vocal
and instrumental music, drawing awlF'n tr'"1'. 1 -in and orna
mental needle-work, &r. A long i. r.t.i:.-: I [i. ., and much
of that time spent in some of. the best female literary institutions
of that country, enables Mrs. Baker to impart the pronunciation
and idiom of those languages ; and, as regards the boarders, fa-
miliar converse will facilitate and confirm such practical know-
ledge. The rules of thIe Academy will secure regularity of study
and of exercise, and a close attention to a morale and graceful de-
portment, but will exclude her pupils fiout any participation in the
gayeties or attractions of life while under the maternal government
of the institution.
Entrance for hoarders $5 00
For board, washing, &c., the English and French lan-
guages, including writing and compositiam, arithmetic,
geography, with thie use and construction of Maps, as-
tronomy, history, the rudiments of chemistry, botany,
and domestic economy, and a course of reading emn-
bracing a selection of thie best authors in prose and
poetry, anm] plain needle-work if desired--per annum 150 00
The same tuition for day scholars 40 00
The Spanish language--the Italian language--drawing and
; ,:..- -.. ; the harp, the guitar, the piano--the principles
in-i n-I.'i1 .. .- vocal music--practical chemnistty and botany-
dancing : These will form extra charges on a moderate standard.
Payments will be required for boarders six months, and for day
scholars three months in advance.
In the event of sickness, the customary charges of a physician,
Each boarder is expected to furnish, i. n.c.-: to custom, a
tumbler or cup, spoon, knife ant fork, .ir 1 in. napkins, six
towels, hbed and bedding, or they will be furnished at tIhe usual
The exercises will commence on the 1st daIy of September,
1641, at the Academy oin the cornerof 10th and E streets, Wash-
The niost respectable references can be given.
II I t)SN'S ME fDICINES.-Dsmissal of Mr. Geo
11 Taylor, of No. 94, Broadway, New York, as General
Asn ft r the sale of Morison's medicines, in America.
I 1 \:.t, j. .ii.. .- connected with thesale of Moilc no 's
Vl ,., .. t: 1, i, :, -. Ei VE ciNES of ithe British College ol
Health, London, in thie United Slates of America.
This is to give notice, that all persons indebted to Geo Taylor,
late of Wall street, New York, hbut now of 94, Broudway, New
York, late (General Agent to Mesosrs MORISON, MOAT & Co., of
thle Briuth College of Health, New Road, London, Ior Morisonu'
Pills, arc not to pay the said Geo. Taylor for such Medicines, but
onlyMessrs. FIRTH & HALL, of Franuklin Square, N. Y., whom
Messrs. Morison, Moat & Co. have appointed their Attorneys for
settling their American affairs, and and who are alone authorized
to give disch/iarges foir the 1,'.+- iny by thie Agents appointed
by the said George Taylor i M Medicines.
And notice is hereby further given, that those Agents having by
them medicines unsold arec not to return the same to /he said
George Taylor, but to account with thle before-mentioned Meassrs.
FIRTH & H ALL, ,f New York afouresai i.
In consequence of (he improper conduct pursued by their two
last General Agents, in respect to their accounts with the firm,
Messrs. Morison, Moat& Co. take this opportunity of informing
the Public of America, that Mr. Taylor, of New York, is from this
date no longer their General Agent for the United States for the
ale of their medicines ; and that they cian now* only be obtained
genine by applying in London, as under. The same discount to
be allowed to those wishing to dispose of thIe medicines hby retail
All orders must be accompanied with a remittance, fur which
the regular discount for cas h will be allowed. *
Sub-agents, merchants, and others, may be supplied wilh medi-
cines direct front Ithe ( -... in London, on the same terms a&
Messrs. Morison, Moat .'. ,. supplied their late General Agent,
Mr. Taylor, and with tihe first order will have an appointment di-
rect front the establishment in London, appointing him or them
,. in in. i n.1 .- I; m in
Ii,, 1' u . ,r- i .,, '..... t rgaisnst purchasing medicines
except t. .i --,,, rn, :'.-. . . as before-men-
tioned, as enormous irauds arc it'1 n.j '"' l'.iablic in Messrs.
Messrs. Morison wish it to be particularly understood, that their
complaint is solely against their late General Agents, Messrs
Horatio Shepeard Mloat and George Taylor, who were sent
out tIrom England by the British College of Health, at a vast ex-
ponse, and both of whom they have been obliged to dismiss.
N. B. Prefe, ence will be given to first applications for Agencies
for thIe different districts.
The, Medicines of the British College of Health are sold in Eng-
oland, in boxes, as follows :
First small size, selling for Is. l\d. contains from 40 to 45 pills
Second do do 2s. 9d. do 120 to 130 do
Third do do 4s. mid. do 210to220 do
Packets, do hIs. Od. contain about 600 pills
Vegetable Cleansing Powders,, Is. lid. each box.
For the future the Agents in America are requested to sell the
medicine to thie Public in proportion to the ubove prices. In the
appointments sent out, thie above prices will be stated, for the pur-
pose of enabling purcr aser s i. r, i..... I. es.
I-mllh-,', MOAT& CO.
British n f ., i.- health, Hamilton Place, New Road, Lon-
don, .1), ', 1-11.
Attention is directed to the following Caution.--Whereas
spurious imitations of mty Medicines arc now in circulation, I,
JAMES MOrISOct, the Hyg -, t.. .. i ,.;..., ,; .. u, i ,in in no
wise connected wi'h the ,i. .. .1 i .,. i ..'.-i.., i.gto be
mine, ind se.rld uruer the v............ I lI ... a Pills,
7"fd ; -f. ir P:"s, The nImproved Vegetable Universal Pills,
,t ,i n IlI*ison's Pills, as compounded bythe lateMr.
-l,, t'i "d .m,. atai Hygeian Vegetable Pills, -c..
That my medicines are prepared only at the British Cuollege of
Health, H imilton Place, King's Cross, London, andt sold by the
General Ag nts to the British College of Health and iheir sub-
Agents, and that no Chemist *r Druggist is authorized by me to
dispose of the same.
None can be genuine without thie words MonRIsON'S UNIVER
SAL MEDICINES" are engraved on lthe Government stamp in white
letters, upon a red ground.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand.
JAS. MORISON, the Hlygeist.
British i.. ." of Health, 2, Hamilton Place, New Road,
King's Cross, London.
ALSO, to the following Notice.-That, by the recent verdict
obtained by Mesars. Morison against certain Impostors for coun-
'o,',i-i,tp 'heir tordicines, all persons selling medicines as and for
1l . Pills, which arc in fact mere spurious imitations, are
liable to have actions brought against them for every box sold undei
that name, which actions Messrs. Morison will deem it their dut3
to enforce in every case that comes to their knowledge.
P. S. Messrs. Muorison will thank thie party ) ,. ;.;n- this toi
communicate the above facts to those connected -.in, In., sale of
the medicines, or persons using it.
Deed o.f Revocation of .I,. .' ..,... of Mr. George Taylor
as General Agent i. i, I ,.' States of Messrs. Mori
son, Moat 4- Co.-Dated 25th March, 1s811.
KNOW ALL MEN by these Presents, That we, Alexander Mori-
son and John Morison,both of Hamilton Place, King's Cross, New
Road, London, in the county of Middlesex, in England, Hygeists,
and Managers of the British College of Health of Hamilton Place
aforesaid, trading in tcopartnership under the firm of Morison,
Moat, andI Company, and the surviving partners of James Mori-
son, deceased, within whom in his lifetime, and down to the time (f
his decease, we traded in copartnership under She said firm of
Muorison, Moat, and Company, and acted as Managers of thlie said
British College of Health, have revoked and annulled, and de.
cleared to be utterly null and void, a certain Deed or Instrument
bearing date on or about the fifth day of September, one thousands
eight hundred and thirty-seven, whereby we thiu said Alexander
Morison and Johin Morison, jointly within the said late James Morl-
son, in the name of our thien '.. ;. ;..:" firm oh Morison, Moat, and
Company, appointed George I inl u then about to proceed to
New York, but now or late of No. 94, Broadway, New Yorh,
to be thie General Agent of the said British College of Health
in the United States of Ameri.ca. And we do also hereby
revoke and annul, ard declare to be uttemly null and void,
all other powers and authorities by us or our said late or present
firms in any manner given, granted, or continued -. i.ii. ;.;.i t ..
Taylor. And we do also hereby declare tirat the said George
Taylor is mio tungr authorized to act in any manner or to any ex-
tent as the General Agent or as the Agent of the said British Col-
hi-ge of Health, or of the said late or present firms of Morison,
Moat, and C ,ir.inn.,, .n thie said United States or elsewhere. 1N
WITNESS sn,. r....i have hereunto set our hands and seals the
twesty-fihh day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and forty-one. A. MORISON.
Signed, sealed, and delivered in the presence of us,
HErNRy lIAwKtns, ) Clerks to Messrs. Cumerford
BERNARD BOYLE, \ and Girdler, London.
i, THOi'moAS SAMUEL GIRDLER) of Londont, Notary Public by
Royal authority duly admitted and sworn, do hereby certify and
attest unto all whom it may concern, that on this day before me
the said Notary personally appeared Alexander Morison and John
Morison, well known to mme to be the persons named in tnie fore-
going Deed oh Revocation, who thereupon in mny presencee, and in
thle presence of Henry Hawlins and Bernard Boyle, the two sub-
,;i ii. witnesses, severally signed, sealed, and delivered the
said Deed of Revocation as and for their act and deed, and ac-
knowledged the same to be such.
In testimony whereof i have hereunto set tay hand and affixed
my notarial seal in London, the day and year aforesaid.
In fidem, THOMAS S. GIRDLER,
Consulate of the United States of America, London.
I, THOMAsAS APINWALL, Consul of the United States of Ameri-
ca for London and the dependencies thereof, do hereby minake
known and certify to all whom it may concern, That Thomas Sam-
uel Girdler, whose signature is above, is a Notary Public duly ad-
mitted anl sworn and practising in the city of London aforesaid;
and that to all acts by himn so done full faith and credit are and
ought to be given in judicature and thereout.
In testimony whereof I have hereuino set my hand, and affixed
the seal of thie said Consulate in London aforesaid, this twenty-
sixth day of March, in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred
and forty-one, and in the sixty-fifth year of the independence of
the said United States. THOS. ASPINWALI,.
Of course the medicine nuow in the handeof sub-Agents, sup-
plied by Mr. Taylor up to this date, is genuine.
1 tDOLLARA R EWARD.-Dr. Storm's Spe-
.W elfie Compound, for the cure of Gonorrhoea, Gleets,
'tnrctures, Diabetes or difficulty in making water, and all other un-
natural discharges from the urethra of either sex.-In no case h&s
this medicine been known to fail to effect a permanent cure, and,
too, in the shortest possible time. Should this medicine fail to ef-
fect a cure where it has been taken according to directions, re-
turn tIhe empty vial and get back the money. Why then spend
bot-h time and money with such quack nostrums as cannot he de-
pended upon, when, for $1, you can purchase a pleasant, sure,
and speedy cure, composed solely of vegetable substance ? One
hundred dollars will be paidto any one who will produce a medi-
cine to equal this compound, or who willprove that it oontainsany
mineral substance whatever.
Per sale by H. WADE, 7si1 street, between D and E ; CHAS.
STOTT, corner of 7th and the avenue; in Georgetown by J. L.
KIDWELL !an 8-3tawly
C OLUMBIAN COLLEGE, DISTRItCTOF CO-
LUMBIA.-The Lectures in the Medical Department of
this institution will commence on the first Monday in November,
annually, and continue until the Ist of March.
During this period, full courses will be delivered on the various
branches of Medicine by-
THOMAS SEWALL, M.D., Professor of Pathology and the
Practice of Medicine.
HARVEY L1NDSLY, M. D., Professor of Obstetrics and the
Diseases of Women and Children.
THOMAS MILLER, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and Phy-
,;. I...: ,.
Jil N NI THOMAS, M. D., Professor of Materia Medica and
J. FREDERICK MAY, M.D., Professor of Surgery; late Pro-
,. ..I -.1,. in the University of Maryland.
ItILFRI. K HALL, M. D., Professor of Chemistry and
SAMUEL C. SMOOT, M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy.
The Medical College is situated at the corner of 10th and E
streets, eqAuidistant from the Capitol and thlie President's House.
In the arrangements of this -., J;.tt,.. .,,rl I, . '.-;...; 1 .,f
thIe School, particularrefere c I -i n..1. ,, h h I r,, ,,.1 -.1 Pi P .. -
tical Anatomy-a branch which the student will enjoy peculiar
It, P ., ...r P '',..i t ji Practice will illustrate the most
i.-, r .,,i P,,ibr,.ii, ,rtii iff-r the System by means ofThi-
bert's Pathological Models.
The Professor of Surgery will show all the operations upon the
I I'r .i.. r of Chemistry liat a complete Chemical and Phi-
losophical Appa atus.
The Professor of Obstetrics will illustrate his lectures by ob-
stetrical apparatus, and an ample collection of preparations and
As there are many young men of talent and worth in different
parts of our country who, uron, restricted circumstances, are un-
able to avail themselves ofthe benefit of public lectures, the Pro-
fessors have resolved to admit, gratuit, usly, two such students
front each of thie States and one from each of ithe Territories. la
order, however, t idrl ,r,,. individuals whose education and
character do not i-.;,mli, i., become useful members of ths
profession, the selection is placed in the hands ofthe Scoatorsand
Delegates of Congress, each of whom has the right to select one
student from his respective State or Territory, and whose certifi-
cate of selection will be a pas-port to all the lectures, by paying
only, on entering the school, the usual matriculating fee of five
The entire expense for a course of lectures by allthe Professurs
is $70. Dissecting ticket $10 ; optional with the student.
Thie degrees are conuferredl by the authority of ithe Columbian
( .ii .... rporatedby an actof Congress of the United States.
i I .. i can be procured at from three to four dollars per
week. THOMAS MILLER, M. D.
may 4-wtNov2 Deai' of the Facuiltv.
MEDICAL C l) LLEGE1, i~chmoiud, va.
yV RHE next winter terin of lectures in this Institution will com-
r.. mencee on the first Monday in November, and continue un-
til the last week in February.
Dr. John Cullen oni Theory and Practice of Medicine.
Dr. A. L. Warneron Surgery.
l)r. L. W. Ciamberlayne omi Materia Medica and Therapeutics.
Dr. R. I. Bohannon on Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and
Dr. Thomas Jolhnson oil Anatomy aud l'i. -..
Dr. Socrates Maupin on Chemistry.
Clinical Lectures will be delivered regularly (at the College
Infirmary) by the Professors of Medicine and Surgery, and at the
Penitentiary and Artmory by the Professor of Materia Medica.
The Professor of Anatomy, having charge of the City Alms-house,
will deliver Clinical Lectures in that Institution. The student
will have thex -... i. .i .-ndin r 11 the ClinuicalLectures with-
out charge. frl. .-I.-l *.- i. r ii ...' r a instruction and practical
anatomy are not surpassed by any medical school in our country.
AUG. L. WARNER, M. D.
aug 10-tNovlcp Dean of Faculty.
%jOTICE TO CONTRACTORS--JAMES RIVER
LA AND KANAIVIA CANAL --Proposals will be re-
ceived at the office of the Jamies River and Kanawha Company, in
the city of Richmond, until the 20lh September next, for thIe fol-
lowing work ;
1. The construction of an aqueduct of ranged rock work, for the
passage of Shockoe creek under the Richmoond dock.
2. The construction sf a small culvert of hamnmer-dressed or
cut stone, near the Screw Factory.
3. The excavation and removal efthe mud and earth from the
4. The excavation (under water) of a channel from the tail of
the outlet stock of said dock to deep water, near Rockett's.
The masonry will be built of -r4t cr-nr. .:. i-cll laid in besthy-
draulic cement, the contractor firt..-' il ..1. .' i -.
Plans and specifications oftl.- ml ,k .,il1 'ne exhibited at
the office of the said company after the lOth September next, and
explanations given by C. 0. Sanford, Esq., P. A E'..;,- r, rest-
.lent in Richmond, BENJ. \% Iti, l I,
aug 16-2awd&ct20uhSep ChiefEngineer J. B. & K. Co.
VALUABLE VIRGINIA LAN DS FOR SALE.-
One thousand and fifty acres, situated in the county of
Orange, Va. about four miles from Barboursville, and nime front
the court-house, on thIe road leading from the latter place, and by
ithe former to Charlottesville. This is part of the estate of the
late Col. Macon, known as Somerse', and is believed to be u ne of
thIe most desirable and valuable estates in that beautiful end
fertile country, having all the advantages of the finest society.
'he view from the I ii;,- i-.. L..- one of the most magnificent
mountain prospects ., i.. ,,. i In improvements are excellent,
umd on a large scale, but having been long in the hands of ten-
,ints, are somewhat out of repair. They consist of a very large
trick house with four room-. .:. ', ,u-. e... &c. on each flir ;
a large barn, kitchen, and ..i. hI,- l. ,-I ,-, excellent well of
water in the yard, besides many good springs. It is believed that
in outlay of $2,000 will put thie buildings in complete order, and
that they will then be wortl more than is asked for thie estate.
Here are upwards of 100 acres in clover, and about OtofI meadow
Also, about eighteen hundred acres in the county f Geoochland,
within about eight miles ef Columbia and theo James river and
Kanawha caniaIl. About 1200or 1500 aces of this tract is in wood,
md most of it excellent tobacco land; and thIe timber, consisting
afpine, various kinds of oak, &e. &c. is ofgru.at value. There are
more than 1(00 acres of creek flat and good meadow land.
It is seldom that such opportunities for bargains are afforded.
For terms, &c. apply to Hon. Thomas W. Gilmer, in person,
nouw at Washington, or by letter to Charlottesville ; to Win. Kin-
ney, Staunton; or John Thompson) jr. Amherst Court-house, Va.
VALUABLE PROPERTY FOR SALE.-By vir-
V tue ofa deed of Irusl, executed to the subscribers by the Ca-
tawba Iron Works Company, of re,:ord in the county court of
Bottetourt, we shall, on time 28th day of October next, at the fur-
nace of the Catawba Iron Works Company, on Catawba cieek,
sbout nine miles from Fincastle, in the county of Bottetourt, offer
for sale, at public auction, all the LANDS owned by said Cataw-
ba Iron Works Company, consisting of a tract of 1200 acres, on
which said furnace and many other valuable improvements are
situated. And another tract containing between seven and t' n
thousand acres, made up of several tracts, formerly owned by Da-
vid Ross, and which were conveyed by the said David Ross s ex-
ecutor and heirs to the Catawba Iron Works Company. On the
first named tract anthracite coal is found in great abundance
within one mile of the furnace, and iron ore within the same con-
venient distance. The improvements are very fine. In addition
to the furnace and other necessary buildings, there are on the
tracts valuable Grist Mill, Saw Mill, and sev.-r- i.. .1 ) lling
Houses. The iron and ti..'- n-ru I. this i. I.t,..,-wr ,r- of
very-. q.. r .i.,i;, Ti .: i o.. i .-ual if not superior to any
made -i. ",'..r I Virginia. This valuable property will be
.old upon a credit of nine, eighteen, and twenty-four months, and,
if desired, the tract of between seven and ten thousands acres will
the sold in parcels to suit purchasers. At the same time we will
offer for sale, at public auction, upon a credit of six months, 5 or 6
tons of castings, also all the personal property at the works of said
company, it.. l.r.r,. 1.. king tools, flasks, patterns, &e. Pur-
chasers i .u r.. '. to give bonds within good security for the
amount of their purchases. The title of the property is believed
to be good, but acting as trustees we will convey such title as is
vested in us. WM. B, ARCHER,
auig24-2mo A. P. ESKRIDGE.
'Ei1 O(lI'ION MM tiI.'tlI TUH E-H'.--'lhe Lau-
.5 rel Machline Company are prepared to execute contracts
for the most APPROVED COTTON MACHINERY, of every
prescription. They have now on hand a superior lot of THROS-
SLE FRAMES, CARDS, LOOMS, &c., similar to those used in
thie Patuxent Manufacturing Company's works ot this place, which
may be seen in operation ; the production from whirls will be found
to be equal to any oftthe first class factories at Lowell. This ma-
chinery can be delivered at once and upon very favorable terms
Any orders addressed to the undersigned will immeet with promnspt
attention. HORACE CAPRON, Agent,
aeg i--eot9t Laurel Factory, Prince George's Co. Md.
N EW BOOKS.-Journal ;'nd Correspondence of Miss
.^' Adams, daughter ot John Adams, second President of the
United States, written in France and England in 1785; edited
by her daughter. Also, Every Body's Book, or something for
all, first series. Also, Dissertations upon the Epistles nf Phala-
ri, Themistocles, Socrates, Euripides, and upon the Fables of
AEsoti. Also, E1 istola yd Joannem Millium, by Richard Bentley,
D. D. in 3 vols. octavo, London.
Just published and for sale by W. M. MORRISON,
aug 9 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
O ElI NDRII:D DI)l..IA.l.-R III N-ItD.--Rn
away from the subscriber, living in Charles county, Md.
on Thursday, the 19th day of August, my negro man RICHARD,
who calls himself Richard Celton. He is about five feet seven or
eight inches high, light complexion, has a scar on his chin oeca-
sioued by a fall from a horse, a little inclined to be bow-legged,
took with him a blue cloth coat, light blue pantaloons, black fur
hat, and other coarse clothing suitable for summer and winter
wear: he has relations in Baltimore who call themselves Butlers.
I will give twenty-five dollars if taken in Charles county, fifty
dollars if taken in any part of Maryland or the District of Colum-
hbis, and one hundred dollars if taken in a free State, and seemed
in jail so that I get him again.
sept 8-eotf JOSEPH WATSON.
A D)ISCOURSE delivered on the Fast Day recommended
by the President of the United States, by John Duncan,
Pastor of the Associate Reformed Congregation of Baltimore,jusi
published, and for sale at the Stationery store of
june I1I Between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
EI XCHANGE HOTEL, Baltimore.-The subscriber,
ever desirous to meet the wishes of the travelling commu-
nity, has now the pleasure of informing his friends that he has
added ashout fifty new and airy rooms to his hotel, which he trusts
will enable him to accommodate all who may patronize his house.
Prom the encouragement lie has received, and from a determina-
tion to meet the views (as far as possible) of his friends, he flatters
himself that old friends will continue, and new ones be induced to
give him a trial. Its near approximation to the Railroad Depots
and the several steamboats, the large, airy, and welt ventilated
apartments, and healthy location, make it a desirable place for
Southern as well as Northern travellers. Respectfully,
july 10--2taw3m Proprietor.
T HE PIANO FORTE PRIMER, containing the ru-
diments of music; calculated either for private tuition or
teaching in classes, by J. F. Borrowes, from the latest London
edition, with additions.
For sale at the Book and Stationery store of
july 5 Between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue,