Daily national intelligencer

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Daily national intelligencer
Physical Description:
Unknown
Publisher:
Gales & Seaton ( Washington City D.C. )
Publication Date:

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 2260099
System ID:
UF00073214:00038

Full Text













4r tie aL


$wktrf~tnuw~


VoL. XXIX. WASHINGTON: MONDAY, AUGUST 9, 1841.


No. 8885


PUBLISHED BY GALES & SEATON.
TERMS.
DAILY PAPEa-$10 a year-St a month for any shorter time.
CorcTrV PAPeR-S6 a year-W4 for six m boths.
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

S FOR BALTIMO)RE.-The com-
amodious Steamer Columbia (a first-
lmh- rate sea-boat) continues to leave
Washingtoa at 6 o'clock anil Alex-
andria at 7 o'clock every Wednesday
morning for Baltimore, and to leave
Bdtimore for the District every Saturday afternoon at 4 o'clock ;
touching by daylight, both going and returning, at Piney Point,
and the various other landings on the Potomac river.
This line hiis been established more than twelve years; and
by regularity in the time of starting, by providing superior accom-
modations for passengers, and by tihe employment of careful and
attentive officers, the utmost exertions have teen and will conti-
nue to be used to merit the patronage of a generousa Public.
July 26-eM&Tim GEO. GUYTHER, Capt.
FOlR PINEY "111 NT, OLD POIINT Ct)MIOtiT,
AND NORFOLK.
[The steamboat CHESAPEAKE will
continue to leave Washington every
Monday at 10 o'clock in the morning,
6Ae and Alexandria at 11 o'clock, fr the
above places, and arrive in Norfolk early the next morning, which
will afford an n.-- I.l1 ...i.i...Iiimlu for persons who are dispos-
ed to visit Pine3 P I.',,..r i-lj P.I.i Comflort, or Nofitilk, for the
benefit of sea air, or salt water bathing, or on business.*
Returning, will leave Norfilk fir Washirngton at 4 o'clock in
the evening of Wednesday, touching at Fortsmouth and Old Point
Coifort fir pasengors.
Passage and fire to and from Nomfailk for the trip, $8. Passage
only to or from Norfolk, $6.
aug 7-Itf JAMES GUY, Captain.
NOTICE TTo) I)ELINQ.UENT ST(CKIltl!.D-
LN t EtS of the Chesapeake a:;d Ohio Canal C(om-
ptiy.-A|| stockholders of the Chesapeake and Ohio Cainal
Company, who have not yet paid up their subscriptions, are here.
by n,,tifieJ to do so within sixty (ifys from the date of this nntice,
otherwise legal proceedings will ibe instituted against them.
Scrip of the Company will be received in payment.
By order of the Board : THO. TURNER,
CANAL OFFtICE, FacEERICr, Cl. C. 4 0 Canal Co.
August 4, 1841. aug 4- 6ti
L IVERPOO)I. FINE SALT.-Daily expected, and for
sale by the subscriber, 500 sacks Liverpool fine salt, Wor-
.thington's brand. JOHN DAVIDSON,
aug 7-3t Waler street, Geoigetown.
F URNISHEI) ROOMS FOlt R ENT.-Three, or,
if required, four rooms, on the first fl or of the hunae situ-
ated on the corner of Pennsylvania avenue and 2tth street, op-
poairc the City Post Office.
Apply attlitho House, or at the store of the subsacriner.
JAS. CLEPHANE,
aug 7-3t Pennsylvania av. between llth and 12th ats.
N OTICE.-I amin instructed by thie honorable the Circui
L Court of the District of Columbia for the county ofWashing-
ton to advertise a fine Lepine Gold Watch, four holed jewelled,
with gold chain and key. This witch was found in possession of
a person who was arrested i.n the 4th NtM-arch last, at the Presi-
dent's Hlouse, as a pickpocket, and is supposed to have beenI
stolen. Should any one have lost schb ao article, they will please
apply at ths ,ffi.e. ALEXANDER IHUNTER,
july 5--dtf Marshal of the District of Couimbia.
N EW PUBLICATION.-" Charges preferred against
Don Joiquin Velasquez de Lon and Don Pedro Fetnan
dez del Castillo, Imeiibers of the Board of Commissioners, under
the Convention of April 11, 183.9, on the part of the Republic ol
Mexico, addressed to the President of the United States, by Orai
zio de Attellis Santangelo, a citizen of the United States, with
twenty-three documents."
To be had at R. FARNHAM'S, Penn. av. between 9th and 10th
street r esjuly 2 t-St
A SITUATION WANTED.-A young gentleman, who
is qualified to prepare students for admiission to college, and
who has hid several years' experience both in the Norlh and South,
is desirous oar obtaining a situation either itn some academy or as a
private teacher. Testimonials front the most respectable sources
as to moral character, literary attainments, and ability to impart
instruction will be furnished.
AdIres J.S. S., Washingt ii.
Reference may be ieae to the lion. Juhn L Kerr, Hon. Jas.
A. Pearce, and John S. Skinner, Eaq. july 12-tlS
'FERHALLS' UtCOFFEE-lIOUSEI, Berkeley
Sprltgs, Virginia.-This long-estahblished boarding-
house it nowopon for the entertainment of isitilra. ilh the
psancipal I..l.hl.'i are connected sereral coofurtable out-houses,
together -i0 i. lHunter's large b-aiding-house.
Grateful for past encouragenemit, nothing will be omitted to
merit a continuance by the Public's humble servants,
F O'FERRALL.
july 22-tm [Globe&Mad] JOHN O'PERRALL.
IU11 ubI tI W IGlIrlING.-The subscribers inform the mil-
ivt lers, &c. of this District and the adjoining counties that
they are always prepared to undertake and complete satisfactori.
ly all Mill work or Machinery committed to their charge; having
a good set of hands, constantly engaged, despatch can always be
given. They have every convenience for light work repairs, &c
at their Saw mill, corner of Water ald Market ses. Goorgitown
R. E DUVALL & CO.
REFERENCES.
John Lyons, Esq Georgetown.
George C. B muifird, Eaq. Georgetown.
Gen. W. Smith, do.
Benj. P. Mille Saperintendent Pot. Aq. Georgetown.
Thomas Lansdab-... A W ... itan. Co.
Thom s Miller, A,. *. 1 Iai.... Mari. Co. Md.I
ang 2-eolni
LILEXANDI)iIA Ft)IUJNI)R1, Steam-engliie anud
A LMachltine 'actory.-lron, brass, atd composition cast-
ings of every description, high and low pressure steam engines,
fire er.,i.., v,1... r-. boats, mill and tobacco screws, turning
lathes, t.. 1 .." .,il d .,... ;, letter copyiug presses, &c. cr other mna-
chiinery, executed promptly, and on the most favorable terms by
T. W. & R. C. SMITH,
The above have a very large assortment of patterns for mnill and
'liT.r or;.&,ie, &c. Also, a varietyof handsome patterns for cast-
if..,n r.-i ,,1., &c.
They have forsale-
One locomotive engine
One 20 horse high pressure engine
Two 8 horse do do
One 3 horse do do
All of which are completed, and will be sold very low if early
application is made. oct 3-ly
P IANO FORTES.-My late invoice of Pianos by tlIe Bre-
men ship Johanniv, direct from E Rosenkranz, Dresden,
are of superior workmanship, tone, and touch. These Pianos are
made by my own directions, with iron plates, extra iron braces,
and 7 extra keys from the 6 octave. They are fitted up in a hand-
some style, and I only want them examined to prove their good
qualities. I have been dealing in these Pianos for the last seven or
eight years, and my knowledge of the durability ofthem enables
me to recommend Ernst Rosenkranz' best made Pianoi to the Pub-
lic generally as not surpassed by any. They will be sold retail
or wholesale t) suit the times. Apply at 22 Light street, Balt.
N. B. Ol Pianos taken in exchange.
july 9-dl9t JOSHUA M. MILLER.
W ANTE D TO BIlRE IMMMEDIATiELY-Agoo)d
I Dining-room Servant. A slave wouIIld be preferred. SitO
per month "ill be paid. liqaire at Mrs. E T. Arguelles' Board-
ing house, nearly opposite Gdsbv's I Hotel. aug 7-3t
1`10 PARENTS d& TRUSTEES )OF SCHOOLS.-
9- A genilem i who is capable i-f i ...t.;r, time French, Ger
man, Latin, and Greek languages, ... t ..i, th branches of Clbs
seal Eucatlion, and has experience ii teaching, would wish to
obt in a situation in any secientifical ilstitution. lHe would hase
noobjection to go West, under favorable conditions. The best of
references will be produced and required.
A letter addressed, post paid, to 1. H. K. C n'., W.,.;t. .n, would
nicet with as immediate attention., n., :-2w
District of Columbia, Washington county, to wt :
I5 11t1H IS TO CERItII'Y That Joseph S. Sanford, of
1 eaid county, brought before the undersigned, a Justice of
the Pence in and for mlie said county, two geldings, taken up as es-
trays trespassing om his enclosure. One of the said geldings is a
thick, a eckled gray, supposed to be t2 years old, or upwards,
aid has bsen shod all rounJ ; has worked in gear and under the
saddle. The other is an iron gray, a little hippeed on tIhe right hip;
no shoes on ; has worked in gear and umder thie saddle. Both
horses are in good working order.
Given under my hand and seal this sixth day of August, 1841.
R. H. CLEMENTS, J. P.
The owner or ow.,er8 of sill property, a, sbove described, are
requested to come forward, prove property, pay charges, and take
them away. JOSEPH B. SANFORD.
aug 7--3t _____________
EGRO MAlI FOR K tiLE.--Mi negro GEORGE
IN aged about 2t years, [ I. t "...'i and healthy, raised
as a fatity servant B first rate cook, washer, and ironi.r; can
make amy kind of pastry, and, if necessary, can siin, sew, and
knit. Any person in want of such a servant will please call on
(C. HOGMIRE,
Water Street, Geuurgetown.
Sold for no fault, willing to go South, but prefers the North.
july 29-ceo3t
fTiORBANI1 DW ELLING-.IOiUSE FOR ttmN.T
0--The subscriber ffeter for rent an excellent two-story brick
house, with a larec enclosure, situated on square No 200, neat
Mr. Matthew St. Clair Clarke's residence, lately occupied by Mr.
P. Patrick. The pr miss are undergoing some repairs, and will


be ready for a tenant in a week's time.
Also for rent, the store and cellar on Pennsylvania Avenue,
oFposite Brown's Hotel, where I used lo keep store. It isa good
stand, and well calculated for any business. Immediate posses
sion can beagiven. For terms, &c., apply to G. C. GRAMMER,
at the Franklin Insurance Office.
july 7--aw tf
r3WO HUNDRED AND FIFTY REAMS FLAT
.1 CAP PAPER.-Just received, by the Schooners Vic.
tory an i Dodge, Two Hundred and Fifty Reams Flat Cap Paper,
comprising every quality, suitable for any purpose for which pa-
per of tOat size may be required.
Also, Royal and Cap size Envelope Paper of the best quality,
fonistantly for sale at Stationers' Hall. july 8-2w3ltaw


CONGRESS.

DEBATE ON THE REVENUE BILL.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
WEDNESDAY, JULY 28, 1841.
The House being in Committee of the Whole
on the state of the Union, and having under con-
sideration the bill in relation to duties and draw-
backs-
Mr. BARNARD, of New York rose, and spoke as follows:
Mr. Chairman, I am in favor of raising additional reve-
nue, by new or additional duties on imports, imposed at the
present session of Congress. By passing an act now, we
shall get five or eight milliofls into the Treasury in the course
of a year from the first of October next, which we want,
and cannot get without present action. If we wait till the
next session, we shall not probably pass any bill for an in-
crease of revenue from customs which would begin to oper-
ate before October, 1842.
But I am not for imposing new duties now, on the ground
that these new means are indispensable for the Treasury
within the present year. There will be wanted for the ser-
vice of the present year, from the fourth of March, including
about $4,000,000 of new appropriations at the present ses-
sion, the sum of $28,200,000, according to the estimate of
the Secretary. He estimates his reliable means to meet this
expenditure at about $20,700,000, and we have already
passed a bill.by which $12,000,000 more may be raised by
loan. Thus he has given him, or put within his teach,
$32,700,000, which may give him a surplus of four and a
half millions at the end of the year.
But although, this measure is not indispensable merely to
supply thie Treasury for the present year, yet it will be ob-
served that a considerable part of the available means of the
Secretary will be obtained by borrowing-a thing rendered
imperative by the condition of the Treasury, and the leg-
acy of debt bequeathed by the last to the present Administra-
tion. And it is the part of sound wisdom, if not of com-
mon honesty, that no time should be lost in devising the
ways and means of raising revenue to begin the work of
sinking and extinguishing the public debt of the country. I
am in favor, therefore, of imposing additional duties for reve-
nue at the present session,
Yet, Mr. Chairman, I do not altogether like this bill. As
I read it, it proposes a complete re-adjustment of the tariti
within the terms and the maximum of the compromise act,
and, as such, I am afraid it may prove a measure of indiscreet
and dangerous legislation,
In the first place, this act proposes an entirely new mode
of laying duties on imports, in one very important particular.
Heretofore, in all legislation on the subject, the course has
been to enumerate the articles on which duties were laid, and
also to enumerate the free articles, and then, as to all non-
enumerated articles, to impose on them a uniform minimum
duty. Here the order is reversed. The free articles are, in-
deed, enumerated as heretofore, and the articles bearing a
less duly than the maximum of 20 per cent. are also enu-
merated ; and then that maximum duty is imposed on all
non-enumerated articles.
Now, I am not objecting to this mode of enactment, as
compared with the old mode. I am inclined to think it great-
ly preferable, affording, when it can be once adopted with suf-
ficient caution, a great advantage in securing the Treasury
against the ingenuity which is constantly at work by the in-
vention of new fabrics, or rather what are old fabrics with
new faces and new names, to evade the payment of duties.
But my difficulty is, that this enumerating of free articles,
and a few others, and giving up the vast sum ana round of
imports to a maximum duty of 2o per cent. without enumer-
ation, necessarily incurs the inininent hazard of mischief to
many important interests ? What time is there, at this ex-
tra session of Congress, in the few days allotteil to the con-
sideration of this bill, with no opportunity to circulate the
bill among ourconstitoents, and gem, as we might and ought,
from a thousand sources, information and advice in regard to
its operation and effect on a thousand different interests-what
time is there to do justice to so ample a subject ? Can we
escape doing great and varied mischief! Is there not danger
that many mechanical employment, obscurely conducted in
a thousand towns and villages of this wide-spread country,
may be broken up and ruined by it 1
Sir, I will mention a single article by way of illustrating
what I mean and what 1 fear. Among the non-enumerated
articles on which this bill would impose a duty of 20 per
cent. is wool costing not more than eight cents a pound : and
I am seriously apprehensive, and not, I think, without good
reason, that very extensive and very valuable manufactures,
purchasing and working up this article, will be wholly pros-
trated and destroyed by imposing this duty on the raw ma-
terial. Other items might be named in the same way, if my
brief hour would allow me to go into them. Is it not quite
too probable that many instances might be found where, undei
this bill, a duty of 20 per cent. would be imposed on a manr-
factured article which conies into competition with a similar
article produced at home, and, at the same time, an equal
duty of 20 per cent. would be imposed on the raw material
used in the production of the domestic article 1 This would
be laughing at protection, and at domestic industry. Of
course, I know that nothing is further from the thought of
my friend, the Chairman of the Ways and Means, than such
an effect. But I do not know, and he cannot know, and
there is not an honorable member here who can undertake
to tell, what unhappy and injurious effects on the interests
of industry or the interests of trade may follow, or may not
follow, the operations of this measure. The truth is, we all
want light and information on this most delicate and import-
ant subject. We are little prepared to act in this general
and swtIeping way at the present session.
Why, Mr. Chairman, the article of coffee is one of the
non-enumerated under this bill, anid must bear a duty of 20
per cent. Well, sir, the inclination of my mind, until very
recently, has been in favor of this duty. And I am not now
opposed to it, on the ground taken by some gentlemen, that
it is too much an article of necessity, and that the People
would not bear the duty. The People would bear the duty
if it was important for revenue-a duty, as it would be, of
less than two cents a pound, and doubtful, too, if the one-
half of even that sum would be felt in the enhancement of
its price. But I hesitate about the policy of imposing any
new dutylvhatever on this article at this time, for another
and a different reason.
Sir, we have already an important and a growing trade
with Brazil-a trade which may be greatly augmented by
judicious means and measures. And it is with reference to
our important commercial relations with that ernmpire, that I
should think it prudent to forbear imposing the duty in ques-
tion at the present lme. I have lately heard it stated from a
respectable source that 160,000 barrels of our flour were en-
terred at Rio alone during the last year. And that the whole
amount receiyedt all the ports of the empire was probably
not less than 30OOOO barrels. The Brazilians take also our
cotton fabrics in considerable quantity, and some other of
our manufactures. On the other hand, they send us from
50,000,000 to 60,000,000 pounds of coffee in a year. This
is to them a most profitable trade, and their strong desire is
to extend and cultivate commercial exchanges with this coun-
try. At present Great Britain supplies them mainly with
cotton goods, and with hardware, cutlery, and other manu-
factures. But Great Britain takes from them very little in
return but cash. It is an unequal and oppressive trade to
them; and it is sajd to be the known determination of the
present Ministry of the Emperor to lay heavy countervailing
duties on imports from Great Britain. At any rate, it is be-
lieved that their disposition is every way favorable to the cul-
tivation of mutual beneficial relations in trade with this
country;, and it would be deeply to be regretted if any hasty
lt'ialli...n on our part, just at this juncture, should mar the
..roAimi)g interests whieh we have in this trade. So much at
least, I understand, that the apprehension of such a duty as
is here proposed on coffee, is strongly felt among Brazilian
planters and others, which is deprecated by them, of course,
on the ground of personal interest. Their fear is, that if such
a duty is imposed, the producer must pay it by having so
much taken off from the profits of production, instead of its
being paid by the consumer in this country by an enhance-
ment of so much in the price he may pay for the article.


The truth probably lies somewhere about the middle of this
proposition; but that is no part of my present business. And
I have alluded to this matter, not as pretending to state facts
positively for the government of the House, or even for my
own government in any final action on this subject, but only
as suggesting probable grounds for urging the propriety of
caution and forbearance in what we may propose to do in re-
gard to laying a duty at this time on coffee. It is quite pos-
sible that we may shortly have important negotiations to con-
duct with Brazil, in regard to our commercial relations with
that Power.
I say again then, sir, that I should greatly prefer not now
to go as far as is proposed in this bill in the revision of the
tariff. I greatly prefer to wait for the necessary light and
information, which we may get in various ways before we come


together next winter, and especially from the investigations seem to agree on the propriety aud necessity of pushing for-
of the select committee proposed to be raised by a resolution ward vigorously our military defenses, with reference to the
now on your table to sit during the recess. I sincerely hope state of our relations with the most powerful nation of the
that resolution will yet receive the sanction of this House. In globe.
the mean time, we need not be idle in this matter of raising The compromise act was made then, first, in contempla-
additional revenue. Let us select a few articles, generally tion of the complete extinguishment of all public debt; and,
luxuries, now admitted free of duty, or paying little duty, next, in contemplation of a state of profound anid continued
and impose on them the maximum duty under the compro- peace, without the occurrence or anticipation of any event
mise act of 20 per cent. Let us put such a duty on silks, by which the public expenditures would be increased beyond
wines, worsteds, linens, spices, fruits, and the like, as pro- the lowest amount required for the proper support of Govern-
posed in the amendment of my honorable friend from Mary- meant. How have affairs turned out? Why, the expendi-
landl, (Mr. KmeNVEDT,) which he brought to the notice of the lures made during the four years of the last administration,
House last evening, and which I understand he will offer as and the legacy of debt which it has left to the present Ad-
soon as it shall be in order. This will give us four and a ministration, furnish a sufficient answer. That Administra-
half or five millions of additional revenue within the first year tion had the revenues derived from customs, abated by
of the operation of the bill. only some small part of the reductions which were to take
Mr. Chairman, I ant the less inclined to this general recon- place under the compromise act, and it received also from
struction of the tariffat the present time, under the compro- public lands twenty millions and a quarter. How did it get
mise act, because I am satisfied that it will settle nothing, on with all this revenue 1 Why, it spent all that to begin
while it will unsettle a great deal, and that we shall oftneces- with ; it then spent thirty millions more of cash which it got
sity be forced to reconstruct the whole tariff, as early as the hold of belonging to the Government, arid, finally, raised
next session, on a nuch larger and broader basis than is con- six millions more on Treasury notes, which it also spent,
templated by this bill. Sir, it is high time that we should leaving the notes outstanding at the end of its term. Here
begin to look our financial condition full in the face. It is was extraordinary expenditure-some extravagance, as we
high time that this House and the whole country should think, artd which we mean to reform, hbut extraordinary ex-
know something about it. We must begin to look about us penditure certainly, and such as could not have been antici-
and see what our wants are, and are going to be, and what pated when the compromise act was framed. At any rate,
resources we have to meet these wants, the relation which revenue from customs alone bore to ex-
Mr. Chairman, the lowest sum at which I am able to esti- penditure, in four years, from January, 1837, to 31st Decem-
mate lhe necessary expenditures for the four years of this ber, 1840, is plain enough, anid easily stated. The revenue
Administration is twenty-two and a half millions a year, ex- from customs was in all a little less than sixty-four millions;
elusive of payments for public debt and liabilities. The the expenditures for current service and support alone, were
average expenditures for each year of the last Administration more than one hundred and twelve millions ; and all this
were $28,098,965, exclusive of payments on account of time not one-half the reduction in duties had taken place
'Treasury notes and public debt. The like expenditures for which were contemplated by thie compromise act.
the last year were $22,389,356. Thre expenditures of the Well, sir, on the 4th of Match last a new Administration
present year, exclusive of Treasury notes and public debt, came in, and with what financial prospects for its term of
are estimated at $27,000,000. Thisincludes about $4 000,000 four years A heavy debt thrown upon it, an expensive
expended before the 4th of March, and $4,000,000 more for war oa our hands, a pressing necessity for heavy expendi-
new appropriations made and to he made at the present ses- tures for defences, aind all the while a reduction of duties on
sion of Congress. From facts like these, and other facts, I imports going on steadily under existing laws, and these
infer that the average yearly expenditure for the Presidential duties were to be the only source of revenue left to the Gvy-
term, exclusive of Treasury notes and public debt, cannot he eminent. Sir, will any body now contend that it was sup-
less than $22,500,000. It is more likely to reach twenty- posed or believed, by any body in 1833, that the maximum
five millions, but I take it at the former sum. 'T'his is about of duties prescribed by the compromise act could stand, or
the amount to which the late Administration was able, by ought to stand, in the face of such a state of things? It
the most violent reductions, to bring down the outlay for cur- would be an impeachment of the commonest wisdom and
rent service; this was only done, not by any judicious and foresight, in those who had a principal hand in that mea-
economical retrenchment-a thing which I hope may be at- sure, to say so or to think so. No, sir, that maximum must
tempted and accomplished under present and better auspices- have been intended to be, not a fixed, but a variable quantity,
hut by withholding the application of appropriations ; by suf- which must, of necessity, yield to the exigencies of the time.
fearing large arrearages to accumulate; and by neglecting our Suppose a war should break out with the Indian tribes along
military defenses on the water anid on the land. If any man our almost interminable western borders. Suppose a war
can show me how the current service of this Government, with Texas, or a war with Mexico, which are only mention-
as things are now situated, is to bs met for a less yearly sum ed by way of illustration, as merely supposable cases. Sup-
than that I have named, I shall be glad of it; but I must see pose it should become necessary to arm ourselves for a threat-
the process by which it is ciphered down. With a navy to ened conflict with some one or more of the European powers.
be resuscitated amid built up; with fortifications to be con- Will any body here venture to affirm that such a thing as
4tructed; with indispensable improvements in harbors and extraordinary expenditure was never once thought of as pos-
rivers to be made ; with a war on our hands, to say nothing sible by the framers of the compromise acts And if such a
of the efforts now making to plunge us into another of a more thing was thought of, then must not all admit that they are
serious and important character-it is not easy to sea, it is not to be charged with the folly of having fixed a maximum
rot possible to to see how our expenses are to be cut down of duties, and a maximum of revenue, not to be varied at
below the sum I have mentioned, any time, or under any circumstances ? Sir, that maximum
But we have a public debt to pay as well as current ser- was conditional, not only with reference to occasions for cx-
vice to provide for. My estimate of the amount of ascer- traordinary expenditure, but with reference to what experi-
tained debt, together with the amount ot claims and lia- ence might prove in regard to ordinary expenditure anid ordi-
hilities growing out of past transactions, is already pretty nary returns from customs, when the compromise act should
well known to the House. I presented a table of the items come to have or approach its full operation and effect.
oif such debts and claims last winter, to which reference has Well, sir, I have come to the conclusion Ihat it will be in-
frequently been made here during the present session. It has dispensable that we proceed, at the next session of Congress,
been pretty broadly intimated that all that was intended for to reconstruct the whole tariff, passing beyond the limitation
the special uses of the election canvass, then pending, by which the compromise act would restrict the imposition
Well, sir, I now adopt and reassert what I then stated. On of duties. We cannot support the Government and pay the
the day the late Administration went out of office, there were public debt, without it.
hanging over this Government debts, claims, and liabilities, But, sir, I desire to be understood on this subject. There
which (including a suitable balance to remain the Treasury) is more matter in that act than merely the maximum referred
amounted to not less than $40,000,000; and I believe a to; and because I find a necessity for passing over that single
very large portion of this sum will have to be provided for restriction,'I am not, therefore, to be taken as desirous, or even
within the four years of the present Administration. We willing, that in reconstructing the tariffwe shall pass wholly
have already passed a bill for raising $12,000,000 by loan. out of sight of that act. I wish to keep steadily in view,
I think we shall have to provide for at least as much more particularly since there are, here and in the country, import-
within the four years; the whole of which will be in addi- ant persons and parties who are disposed to insist upon it.
tion to the expenditures for current service. This would I am willing at least to try fairly the experiment proposed in
make $24,000,000 to be paid, in all, for public debt, or an that act; I am for preserving its spirit, and its general design,
average of $6,000,000 a year; which, added to the yearly and its terms, as far as the unavoidable necessities of this
expenditure for current service, makes up a total of $28,- Government will allow.
500,000. Mr. Chairman, there are two cardinal points embraced in
This I believe to he the least sum which the Treasury must that bill, which, when brought together, constituted the
bear yearly for current support and the public debt during the terms of the compromise. Both these I am still willing to
term of the present Administration. The question is, where preserve as cardinal points in the tariff laws of the country.
is the money to come from 1 It must be raised in some One of these points consisted in the clear and distinct re-
mnode, in the shape of revenue, fur surely it is not intended cognition, as a matter of concession on the one side of the
that we shall perpetuate the present public debt by borrow- tariff controversy, of the right and the duty of protection to
ing, and borrowing again, and adding to that debt constant- domestic industry in the arrangement of a tariff of duties for
ly by the same process, as we must do unless we resort revenue. A distinct, and clear, and explicit recognition; not
promptly to some mode of raising a more ample revenue than for the period ending with June, 1842, as some gentlemen
seems to be in time contemplation of many gentlemen on this have fancied, but for a period as long as any vitality what-
floor. And this brings me to speak of thie compromise act, ever should remain in the compact. This recognition is
io much the subject of comment on all sides of this House. found abundantly in the provisions for cash duties, for home
In the first place, can we raise revenue enough by duties valuations, for the admission of articles used in manufactures
on imports, within the maximum limited by that act! for free of duty, and the discrimination to be allowed int imnpos.
nobody thinks seriously of raising revenue, at this time, by ing duties between what are called protected and unprotected
any other mode. -Sir, it is demonstrable that we cannot, articles. All this is plain enough. Taking a maximum
The maximum is 20 per cent. ; and if that maximum duty not higher than may suffice, with proper discrimination
should be imposed on the whole amount of importations, ex- in imposing duties, to supply revenue enough for the ne-
cepting only bullion and specie, and a few articles of con- cessary and economical expenditures of the Government, the
paratively trifling value enumerated in the fifth section of right and the duty of protection within that limitation is fully
the compromise act, which must always come in free of conceded and recognized. In any future arrangement of the
duty, the amount of nett revenue produced would be about tariff, I am for preserving this principle, with the limitation
$20,890,000. I take the annual imports at $140,000,000, here indicated, and for being content with it.
as estimated by the Secretary of the Treasury, on a compar- The other cardinal point in the compromise act consisted
ison of the imports for the last seven years. Only $14,300,- in utterly abandoning, as a concession on the other side of
000 are deducted from this sum for the bullion amid specie, the tariff controversy, of certain measures or modes, before
and other articles which must lie admitted free, leaving the that time advocated, of reaching the object of protection.
amount on which it is possible to levy duties at $125,700,- One of these modes was the imposition ofprohibitory duties
(100. Twenty per cent. on this sum would produce a gross and another mode, analogous to this, was the imposition,
amount of $25,140,000 ; out of which must come $4,250,- not of prohibitory, but of very high duties ; all done directly
000 for drawbacks, bounties, and expenses of collection, ac- and distinctly with the view of inviting, encouraging, and
cording to the Secretary's estimate, which brings us to the sustaining particular manufactures by the high prices which
result of a nett revenue by this process of $20,890,000. it would enable the manufacturers to obtain. All this, I say,
This, it must be remembered, is the last and most violent was given up, as far as that act could give it up, and it was
resort of the compromise act; it is turning the screw for the agreed that, thereafter, no further encouragement or protec-
last time ; and such is the result. We want in the Treasury tion was to he asked for, for any manufacture which could
twenty-eight and a half millions a year: we can get from not live under a maximum duty imposed for revenue only.
customs, under this act, about twenty millions and a half, Such duty, being imposed for revenue, must alwhvays be con-
which leaves the Treasury minus eight millions a year. If trolled and regulated by such considerations as will forever
we should continue to keep the public lands as a source of exclude prohibitory or high duties ; since duties high enough
revenue, which I trust we shall not, to the great injury of to arrest or materially impede importations, or which should
the just rights of the States, still there would be a yearly de- prove a sufficient bounty to cover the risks of smuggling,
ficit of $5,000,000. would defeat the very object of the imposition, namely, the
Well, sir, this brings us to a point and a stand, where raising of revenue. Here was the concession made by the
we must decide on our course. We have but one alterna- friends of protection, and this concession I am willing to
ive : we must have more and more borrowing, or we must adopt and abide by. 'The subject of retaliatory duties was
raise duties lueyond the 20 per cent. maximum. For one, I left untouched by the compromise act.
do not hesitate; I go for higher duties. I am willing, too, to do another thing, which would tend
But we are told, in various quarters, that the compromise to keep down the maximum of duties I would select articles
adt is sacred and must not be touched-a barrier which must of luxury, and let the duty range on them without regard to
not he overleaped. Sir, without regarding that act as a new the general maximum, so as ti compel the rich and luxurious
constitution, or subscribing to all that has been said about to pay their full proportion for the support of Governmemt.
its sacred character and binding obligations, I have been wil- And if I could find and article of import which, like tobacco,
ling and anxious, and I still am, to preserve and adhere to is at once a luxury and a vice, I would make it pay all the
its spirit and its terms as far as it is practicable to do so. revenue I couhl get out of it.
Show me how revenue enough is to be obtained within the Mr. Chairman, on these general terms and principles, I
maximum of that act for the exigencies of this C is. rm.t-tn'. shall come here next year prepared to readjust the tariff
preserving, at the same time, the spirit and inut, ntii.mi of wholly, as I conceive, within the spirit and general intent of
that act in other respects, and, for oue, I ama a',,inr mrolm the compromnise act, though the maximum of duties must go
content to keep duties down to the mark there prescribed, beyond the maximum of that act. And of this I hold that
But I have shown that this is impossible, the South and the old enemies of protection have no right or
But, besides, Mr. Chairman, why do we talk about this reason to complain. We think we have never done them
maximum as a fixed and immoveable quantity, never to be any injury-benefit rather, infinite benefit, by all the past
raised under any circumstances, as if the compromise act it- protective policy of the country. 'rhe time is not distant,
self could justly bear any such construction 1 It is little less in my opinion, when the South herself will acknowledge all
than alisurd to do so. That maximum was fixed upon an this with gratitude, and with what grace she may. The
implied and necessary condition, which it would be strange, North will one day be, not only her best, but her only cue-
indeed, if all parties did not perfectly understand ; namely, tomer, for her entire cotton crop. And as we have done
that revenue enough could be obtained, within the 20 per our good friends of the South no injury in the. past, so we
cemt., for the exigencies of the public service. What were are resolved, not even by accident, to do them any harm in
the circumstances under which that act was passed 1 It was the future. We had rather wrong ourselves than wrong
a compact-so to call it-imade, composn-e lites, and made then. We will meet them on a ground of compromise-the
upon the basis and understanding that when the public debt, same ground of compromise on which they have been met
then existing, should lie all paid off, as it would be long he- before. We will even humor their prejudices and their ab-
fore the act should take complete effect, a revenue from eus- stractions; we will go further, ant try to think there is no
toms at 20 per cent. for the maximum would be raised, suffi- absolute absurdity in their "forty bale theories." All we say
cieat for the economical administration of the Government is, that we must have revenue, just enough and no more;


in ordinary circumstances. And customs, alone, let it be and we must have this revenue by duties on imports. If we
remarked in passing, were relied upon, since the history of can get it under a maximum of twenty per cent., allowing
the period abundantly shows that some, at least, of the par- for necessary discrimination, I, for one, am content; if
ties to the compact did not intend that the public lands that maximum will not give it, then we must take one that
should remain as a source of revenue. Until 1837, nearly will. In no plan of revenue front customs, however, must I
$10,000,000 a year, on an average for a series of years, was be asked to impose duties on the necessaries of life as I
paid towards the extinguishment of the public debt. After would on luxuries; or on the materials used in manufactures,
that period, this drain on the Treasury ceased, as it was as I would on manufactured articles; or on all protected as I
known it would do. At the time of the compromise, too, would on unprotected articles ; or on imports for the encour-
the country was in a state of profound peace, and no war agement of learning, as I would on imports for the encour-
was then anticipated. But we have now had a war actually meant of luxurious indulgence and pampered vice. I can
raging since the latter part of 1836, and which is still prose- never favor any system of duties which stands on a basis of
cuted, and which has already cost the country twenty or inexorable equalization, admitting of no exceptions or dis-
thirty millions of dollars; and, at this moment, all parties criminations in any case whatsoever.


Mr. Chairman, the honorable gentleman from Virginia
(Mr. GrLMEn) seemed to be opposed to raising any further
revenue from customs. At least, if I understood him right,
hie was opposed to the objects of this bill; and I apprehend
he meant we should understand that not only was he opposed,
but that Virginia and all that properly belong to Virginia
are opposed to it. It was, I think, in this connexion and
relation, that he was led to say something about the "Whig
party having proscribed the Whig President."
Now, sir, I have alluded to this merely to say, that, for
myself, I do not recognize the right of the gentleman from
Virginia to speak either for the Whig party or the Whig
President. The Whig party has spoken for itself, and is
able to speak for itself. It spoke in no equivocal terms when
it turned out of public employment those who had abused
power, who had prostituted office, mismanaged nearly all
our public affairs, and corrupted themselves and the whole
country along with them; and when it put in others whom
it believed to be honest and capable, who would devote them-
selves to the honor and the interests of the country, and
would bring back the Government to the constitutional and
republican tack. Sir, thIe Whig party needs no interpreter
before this HIouse or the country, and when it does it will
choose one for itself. And the Whig President, sir-lie also
has spoken, and is able to speak for himself. Elected by the
Whig party to the second office in the Government, from
which, by constitutional provision, he has acceded to the
Presidency, I will suffer no man, by intimation or otherwise,
to shake my hearty faith and confidence, or the faith and con-
fidence of the Whig party, if I can help it, in the integrity
and firmness of that eminent officer in maintaining the great
distinctive principles and policy which carried him, in com-
pany with his and our late lamented chief, into high and ex-
alted station. Sir, I will hear nothing of separation or differ-
ence between the Whig President and the Whig party, until
I hear it from himself; and I hold him to be no true friend of
either the President or the party, who talks on this floor
about any thing of the sort. I know well enough that this
eminent gentleman is a Virginian, or rather I know that he
was a Virginian until hlie became President; from that mo-
ment, like his illustrious predecessors from the same honored
Commonwealth, he ceased to belong to a State, and belongs
to thIe nation. Sir, I repeat, the President needs nobody to
speak for him ; and no person is or can be authorized to
speak for him on this floor.
But, Mr. Chairman, the gentleman from Virginia was of-
fended that some one here had ventured to allude to the ad-
ministration of Mr. Jont Q-iiicy ADAMS as a Whig ad-
ministration. What may happen to be the peculiar notions
of the gentleman from Virginia about what would or
would not constitute a Whig administration, I do not pre-
tend exactly to know. But the gentleman shall niot decide
that point for me. Why was not the administration referred
io a Whig administration ? It was a republican admi-
nistration, according to all republican precedent and princi-
ple ; it was a constitutional administration; it was an eco-
nomical administration; it was an able administration; it
was an honest administration ; it was an administration for
the country, and the whole country, consulting for nothing
hiut the true prosperity and the true glory of that whole coun-
try. This was Whig administration enough for me.
Sir, I supported that administration, and I have exerted
my humble efforts to bring in the present Administration ;
and I am certain that my Whig principles of the present
day are identical with my political principles of the former
period ; and, I repeat, that that administration was Whig
enough for Inme. I have been accustomed to think of it and
regard it as the purest Administration the country has had
since that of Washington. It was conducted-Sir, I speak
with the freedom of history, aminj I cannot help it; I rejoice,
indeed, that the venerated form of that great man is yet
amongst us, standing as in the very presence of his posterity
to hear the good and the evil that may be spoken of him;
evil enough he has heard, God knows-it was conducted b)
a man who may have had his faults, but want of patriotism
andl want of principle, at least, were not of the number; who
had courage enough always to pursue the right, not instead
of the expedient, but as the expedient; and whose whole
term of office was one continued exhibition of lofty and he-
roeic virtue. Sir, he set an example in his high station
whose light is like that of a city on a hill, and which shines the
brighter for the long interval of gloom and darkness through
which it is seen; which is now the consolation and the glory
of the virtuous and the enlightened in all quarters of the land,
and which will be the illumination and the guide, in all
coming time, of all who love their country and its institu-
tions, and desire to see those institutions preserved and per-
petuated.

OFFICE OF THE POTOMAC INSURANCE COMPANY,
Georgetown, August 4, 1841.
F'' HE following gentlemen were elected directors of this In
stituti',on tile 2d inst. to serve for one year.
J.lui Kur;z, W. W. Billing,
Raphael Semmes, Joshua Riley,
Lewis Johnson, Wiidiamt Haymaa,
William B Todd, Olio M. Linthicum,
William S. Nicholls, Robert Read,
Samuel McKenney, Jeremiah Orme.
And at a moe;.ing ofthie Board, John Kurtz was unanimonmsl
re-elected President, End William Emmnert a dir, ctoir to fill thlt
vae;ll- -y.
Applica'ions for insurance atiniost ,os or damage by fire or
dweIling-houses, stores, and other buildings, furniture, goods
wares, and m merchandise will receive prompt aiUeintim, and mre\
ue made to either of thIe director,, or at the offi- i n Georgetown
I). C. JOHN KURTZ, Preuident.
IIENSY Ku-o, Secretary. sug 7-3t
HORSESS AND BAROUCHE FOR SALE.-ThI
IBarouche was made to order at New Haven, Connecticu:
and has been very little used. It is designed for one or two horses
and is furnished with a '- .i..- -.... i whieel guard, and a pair o
husf's It will be sold -.- o .-. 1. ,i desired. The lior es art
perfectly sound, gentle, and well broken, aud work well in anty
kind of gear, and travel finely iunslr the saddle.
Inquire of Mr. BEERS, proprie'or of thie American Hotel,
Pennsylvania Avf nue, between Gadsby's and the Capitol.
a g 4-3t
PI IINCIPAL TITACitER WVANTED.-Ino conse-
quence of tihe appointment of the undersigned to the Pro
fessorship iii Modern emsI -. u ,Tu.: q at the University of % ..i .....
thIe Trustees of Charlo"..- II .-i Scrhool, St. Mary's county, Md
desire to appoint another Principal, at their meeting en the 28h0,
instant.
Applications to be directed, free f postage, to Charles F. A
Shaw, Register of the Schoolu, are therefore invited.
Evidences of morality, of familiaity with ehuool disciv line, o01
co mpetent attaiunmenuts in ancient Greek and Laui), in the Mathe
ina ics, and in the English branches commonly taught in Acade
mies, are to lie exhibited. Proficiency ina French would also bti
desirable. Although there is a regular boarding-house kept b)
lie steward of the Institution, the Principal is expected to keel
a d(ihzn of boarders. The duties of thie sbool will lie resumed
after the August vacation, at thie commencement ef Septembei
ticAt.
The remuneration is 8800 per annumn, payable quarterly ,
house wethi out-houses, a garden, alli free rent.
The site of Chadotle iiall is not surpas-ed by that of any other,
plie, as regards salubrity of tie region, nand excellence of water
It is with gresit and sncers regret tht i he undersigned will
I lithiuraw from desirable a situatitm during the moth of Aug-
tint next.
july 8--dlm&cplm CHARLES KRAITS1R, M. D
PUBLIC NO'rTICE.
Pending in Chancery in the Circuit Court of Oldhann coun-
ty, Kentucky.
The Presidcnt, Directors, and iiumpany of the Bana of the Uni-
ted States and others, complainants,
against
Currolls and others, defendants.
*" II -. parties io the above eulitled cause are hereby notified
f: it by viitue oh an int-erloculory decree pronounced at
thie March term. 1811, of snulu Court, I shail proceed, on thue 9 h
day if Auitist 1811, at the Clerk's Officeof tihe Supreme Cuur
u.f the United Stotes, in lie city of WVashlington, to state,
settle, anl adjust, and t,, take evidence u.f and concerniug certain
accounts, debts, snd liabilities, intended h, be soured ., dr'leed
of trust, executed on the 3d dlay if Beemlii r, 1816, by ,, XVil-
liams to Francis S. Key not Wiuliam H rmnt, as trustees, fu.r the
use ndm benefit of Daniel Carroul iiui Charles Carrnll. The pme-
ceelteag will be continued ft cm time to lime until the same are
completed. FttANCIS L SMItH,
luty 2:1-3awtAut.>9 Auditor.
B" llLFINCUt' DI ;C-U1RSE, delivered before a port
lion of the volunteer companies of Washington and George-
town, in the Unitarian church, on Friday, May 14, the day of na-
tional humihmation am.i prayer on occasion of the death of Presiden-
Harrisom. Just published and for sale lt the hook and stationery
store of R. tARNHAM,
.iuly 19 B-tweea 9th ndt 10th streets, Penn. av.
C lOM3IM SIOt. ][.'l 01N KK4 O iF I)KI)hS,&c. citll 'O THE
STATES OF MASSACHIUS ITTS. CONNEC-
TICUT, AMN ) NEW YORK.-The umnmlrsignsd eivesno-
rice that, by appoiutemot of the tExecutives of thi States above
natmuud, le luas tue power of a Comnmissioner in the District of Co-
luimbia u take the ackuowledgment of deeds and administer oatlus


to be uei or recorded in either of the said States.
Hi, office is in the west wing of the City Hull, Washington.
D. A. HALL,
ian 16-3tawtf Attorney at.Law._
[11- 1 I'[iH .I H EI-lr. r.-it i I i 1t,.- :, l.t., r's,
* u 1..., I t. i .. i. q i -.1 1. .1 'l 1'' .- .l'' tfl u ru t
D mm Joaquin Veltesquez de Leon and Don Pedro Fernandez del
Castillo, members of the Board of Commissioners under the Con-
vention of April I1, 1839, on the part of the Republic of Mexico,
addressed to the President of the Unitel States by Orazio de At-
tellis Sant-Angelo, a citizen of the United States, with twenty-
three documents." R. FARNHAM,
july 19 Between 9th and 10th street, Penn, avenue.


DEBATE ON THE LAND BILL.

SPEECH OF MR. SMITH,
OF INDIANA,
Delivered in the Senate of the United States on the Land
Bill, on Friday, the 6th of August, 1841.

Mr. SMITH, of Indiana, said: The position, Mr. Presi-
dent, which the Senate assigned to me, of chairman of the
Committee on the Public Lands, would seem to impose upon
me the duty of presenting the views which I entertain of the
subject-matter of the bill under consideration. I will, there-
fore, without unnecessary preliminary remarks, proceed to
discharge that duty. The Committee on the Public Lands,
to whom the subject was referred by the Senate, did not
deem it necessary to make a detailed report, believing, in the
language of the report which they submitted to the Senate
with the bill, "that this is not a new subject, that it has
once passed through all the stages of Congressional action,
that reports emanating from Congress have been widely cir-
culated and read by the People in every part of the nation,
that public opinion has been brought directly to bear upon it,
that legislative action has been had in most of the States
and the legislative will expressed in the form of resolves
which had been presented to Congress, that it has undergone
the most full and ample discussions in Congress, in the State
Legislatures, in the public press, and before the People in
primary assemblies, and that the result has been an unity of
sentiment and a concurrence in opinion altogether satisfac-
lory to its friends and sufficiently conclusive of the question."
Concurring heartily in the sentiments of the report, it may
still not be improper for me as an individual Senator to give
my sentiments in amplication of the report, which I had thi
honor to submit ot Ihe Senate as chairman of the committee.
The bill before the Senate involves questions of much im-
portance-questions which should receive the calm arid deli-
berate action of the Senate ; and it shall be my object to pre-
sent them in that point of view which will, in my mind, bring
the subject before the Senate in a fair and intelligible man-
ner. The public lands embraced by the provisions of the
bill were acquired by cessions from the States, by the treaty
of peace with Great Britain which closed the war of the Re-
solution, and by purchases from France and Spain. It has
been the acknowledged doctrine of this Government, that the
right of occupancy alone was in the tribe or nation of Indiansa
occupying the land in a wild and uncultivated State, and that
such right could only be purchased by the Government;
hence the necessity and practice of divesting that title or
right of occupancy, before the right of disposing of the fee
could be exercised by Congress. As the bill before the Senate
embraces the proceeds of all the lands called public lands,
however acquired, and whether subject to the title or claim of
occupancy of the aborigines br not, it will become necessary
and proper for me, in this exposition, to touch as briefly as pos-
sible the questions growing out of the different modes by
which these lands were acquired by the General Govern-
ment, sand the obligations, rights, and duties involved.
At an early day the public lands excited little interest, and,
consequently, the administration of them was exceedingly in-
jurious to the Government as well as to the People. No
public surveys were made and returned. Large grants were
made to individuals and companies, who became proprietors
,,f extensive sections of country. These grants, in part, were
witnessed by land warrants, to be located by the grantee. In
many instances they were located, the lands covered by
hem sold to individuals, and then the warrant lifted and re-.
located, leaving the purchaser from the grantee without title
mind without a remedy for the purchase-money. In other in-
stances, different titles and boundaries conflicted ; litigations,
to an alarming extent, ensued, to the ruin of the unfortunate
litigants. The savings of a long life were dissipated in hope-
less exertions to sustain defective titles. Lands could only
lie purchased from the Government in large quantities, and
bhe ruinous and tempting credit system was in force. Thus
stood the land system, when, fortunately, it began to claim
more of the public attention. The system, by degrees, un-
lerwbnt a radical change. The territory acquired, as fast as
the Indian title was extinguished, was laid off int.t _.ui.. -d-
-ional townships of six miles square; these townships were
divided into sections of 640 acres each ; these, again, were
-livided into quarter sections of 160 acres each ; and these
into half-quarter sections of 80 acres each; and these into
quarter-quarter sections of 40 acres each, by direct lines,
crossing each other at tight angles. The surveys were re-
turned to the office at Washington and recorded; and, upon
the sales at the land offices, patents from the Government
issued to each purchaser. The price of the public lands was
reduced to one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, andt the
cash system established. These improvements in the land
system must strike every one as well calculated to produce
the most beneficial results, as our experience has amply proved
to be the case. Titles are no longer doubtful ; the poor as
well as the rich are enabled to provide comfortable homes by
the purchase of such quantities of the public lands, from fifty
acres uip, as they may be able to procure. The Govern-
minent issues the patent and stands as the warranler of title.
The purchaser improves his lands with a certainty that the
reward of his labor is secure to himself antil heirs. Until of
late years, there were but two modes of acquiring these lands,
under the improved system, by individuals-the one was, to
purchase them at the public sales, in open competition with
others, at the highest bid ; and the other, to enter them after
they had been thus exposed, at the fixed price of one dollar
and twenty-five cents per acre, at private sale. It would
seem that these modes were amply sufficient in ordinary cases,
but the enterprising spirit of our citizens, and the inducement
held out to them by the extinguishment of thie Indian title to
large quantities of lands, have been sufficient to impel them
onward, in advance of the settlements, to. settle upon and
improve such portions of the public lands as they might select
with a view to the purchase of them at the sales, or the entry
of them at Congress price. This class of our citizens asked
of Congress to be secured in their improvements and protected
in their claim to the lands uloin which they had settled from
speculators and others at the sales, by the payment of the
price fixed by Congress at which public lands could be en-
tered after the sales. It was objected to this, that they had
advanced without law or the authority of their Government
to take possession of these lands ; that they claimed a privi-
lege over other citizens; that the lands should be first offered
at public sale before they could be bought at the Government
price; and that their claim should not be countenanced. On
the other hand it was answered, that these persons were hon-
est cultivators of the soil ; stood as the protectors of the set-
tlements; subjected themselves to the perils, hardships, and
deprivations of the settlement of a new country ; formed a nu-
cleus around which their friends and neighbors might and
would settle; and, finally, that the Government would be bene-
fitted Iy a sale of the surrounding lands at an earlier day, to
a much greater amount than she would lose by the difference
between the sum of one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre,
which they had to pay for their lamds, and the price they might
have to pay at public auction. Tlnise s. tilt u.,, reasons pre-
vailed, and the pre-emption syrltom S as.rijum im.e to time,
engrafted on the land system i',r.i. '. ,,t t sl'-u.-ni has beer
some time in operation. It is tic>'tdl h'3 Ih. -reuth.!, as a part
of the law of the land. Lands are settled upon and improved
with full confidence in the continuance of these laws, and, as
no particular evil has grown out of them, so far as I am in-
formed, I would not, at this day, feel disposed to rnject the
princitple as a part of the system, especially as it is maintained
iy many wior are intimately acquainted with the operation of
pre-emptiom laws, that they are little more than declaratory
of the custom of the settlers, that each one shall have secured
to him the piece of land he has improved, and that no one
will bid against him at the sales, or take from him his im-
provements by private entry. Under this system, our new
settlements have been pushed with sufficient rapidity over the
uncultivated lands. New Slates have sprung into existence
with astonishing rapidity ; their population has increased, as
the census amply demonstrates, in a ratio without a parallel
in the history of this or any other country. Political, social,
and religious relations have been secured and promoted by
the subdivision of the lands and the appropriation of the 16th
section to school purposes. The greatest benefits have been
secured to the inhabitants; they are brought together in close
neighborhood relations, for civil and religious purposes,
which can never be the case under a large proprietary system.
I therefore feel no disposition to change the system, so far
as I have thus noticed it, nor does the bill before the Senate


propose any such change. The bill merely contemplates a
different direction to be given to the proceeds of the sales of
these lands, from that heretofore given to them. They have
been looked to as a source of revenue in aid of the public
Treasury, and have been applied to that purpose. It is pro-
posed by the bill, after the first of December next, to distribute
the proceeds of these lands among the several States in pro-
portion to their population at the last census, with certain
exceptions, which I will here notice.
It will be perceived that the first section of the bill pro-
vides that ten per cent. of the proceeds of the sales of the
public lands lying within each State, shall be paid to such
State, in addition to that secured by compact, and in addiiui






* -> %'


*t-


one of the United States, and would she not have taken under
the general grant 1The State ofGeorgia, however, giving tihe
sameconstruction to these deeds of cession for which I contend,
brought herself within their provisions by including herself in
her own deed by name, in terms. If the construction given
to these deeds of cession and the articles of the Constitution
to which I have referred, be the true one, it follows that the
Federal Government stands precisely in the same relation to
the States under the Constitution that she did under the
Articles ol Confederation, so far as the ceded lands are con-
cerned, and that she is bound in good faith to carry into ef-
fect the uses and purposes of that trust upon the demand
of the States interested. I base this part of the argument
upon the objects of the cession, the terms of the deeds of
cession, and the provision of the Constitution that recog-
nises and maintains them, without resorting to another
clause in the Constitution that will be cited to sustain another
part of the argument, but which also bears strongly upon
this.
It will be said, that these deeds of cession embrace but a
portion of the lands covered by the proposition to distribute
the proceeds of the sales, and that the other linds do not
stand upon the snme fi..-,ting
It hass: alto been urged that no distribution can take place
until after the public lands have paid into the national
Treasury their oast, including all the expenses of their ad-
ministration.
These positions will be briefly examined in their order.
Jt t very true that a portion of the 'public lands are not eta-


to the equlistribulii.e share of such State wi'n he either
States. One ord eiplairi this. The ten percent. igij a.
an equivalent for the increased population of such State over
and above that of the old States, and it 4a be asserted that
the ten per cent. will fall short of the ratio of increase.
An other provision of the bill grants to each new State 500,-
000 acres of land for purposes of internal improvement, that
has not had that quantity already. A word in explanation of
this provision. Its object is to equalize the grants among the
new States for that object. Some have had more than that,
others not so much; by this grant they are well equalized,
though not precisely so, which would be impossible ; but it
will be remarked that the States that have received the most
lands, will receive the smaller sum from lands remaining un-
sold within their limits; and, consequently, the bill comes
much nearer to a perfect equalization than would appear at
First blush. I will not detain the Senate with any further re-
marks as to the details of the bill, as it will be taken up atid
explained by sections, hut will proceed to examine the objec-
tions which have been, and doubtless will again be, urged
against its passage, and in such examination I shall necessa-
rily he compelled to notice the arguments in its support.
The first objection that is urged against the measure is its
unconstitutionality. If this objection is well founded, it is con-
clusive of the question. I will therefore be excused if I de
vote a short period of our time, however precious it may be,
in the examination of this question of constitutiontality. In
order to a perfect understanding of the question, it may not
be improper to give a brief history of the public lands.
The States at the commencement of the Revolution were
differently situated, as to locality, the quantity of the public
domain vWithin their respective limits, as well as that claimed
by them beyond those limits. Some of the States held no
lands beyond their acknowledged boundaries, others held large
tracts. Some of the States were so located that the com-
merce of the country must necessarily pass through their
ports of entry, and be subjected to the operation of imposts
levied by them and collected at their custom houses ; others
were deprived by location of these advantages. The war of
the Revolution was partly prosecuted under the articles ot
the Confederation of the States, each State bearing its equal
proportion, in the ratio of its population, in the common trea-
sure, sacrifice, and blood necessary to carry on that war, re-
gardless of the immediate questions of the difference in locali-
ty, or other circumstances which I have alluded to. This state
of things was calculated to, and did produce discontent on
the part of those States that were bearing their just share ot
the common charge, and who were to have secured to them
merely political rights, without the other benefits which
would result to the States possessing the advantages to which
I have referred. They contended, and not without much
force, that, as they bore a proportionable share in the bur-
dens of the war, they should be entitled to an equal partici-
pation in the beneficial results of its favorable close, includ-
ing the waste and unappropriated lands that might be wrest-
ed from the Crown, which would be claimed by the morn
favored States. These dissensions became alarming; the wam
of the Revolution was raging; the harmonious and concern
treated energies of the States were essential to the triumph ol
the glorious cause in which they were engaged. Congress
saw the situation of affairs, and appealed to the patriotism ol
the States claiming these waste or wild lands, to reconcile
the matter by making liberal grants or cessions of them foi
the use and common benefit of all the States. The appeal
was not in vain. The State of New York lI'd off, and on the
first day of March, 1781, ceded her waste lands to and f(0
the "only use and benefit of such of the States as are o1
shall become parties to the Articles of Confederation." I
would here remark that the deed of cession of the State o;
New York does not cede the lands for the use of the Confe-
deration, but of such of the States" as are or shall hecotine
members of that Confederation, and for "their only use ani
benefit." This view will be more fully presented in the ex-
amination of the deed of cession from Virginia, which is th,
next in point of time, and is the most important in the con-
sideration of the subject, both as regards the true construction
to be given to the different deeds of cession and the extent o;
that particular cession, as it covered what was then called thi
Northwestern Territory, now included in the States and ter-
ritory lying between the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. Vir-
ginia, in the year 1783, passed a law an thorizingthe cession,
and in 1784 the deed of cession was executed, which, aflrie
ceding these lands to the United States, provided that the)
"' shall be considered a common fund for the use and benefit
of such of the United States as have become or shall become
members of the Confederation or federal alliance of the said
States, ViaRetIrIA IcLusIVE." It will here again be ob
served that the cession was not to the Confederation, to hbe
disposed of for the benefit of the United States, but to such
of the States as have or shall become members of the Con-
federation. It was certainly not intended by this deed to
cede these lands to the United States, generally, or why were
the words inserted VtreIsIA I NCLUSIVE." If it was in-
tended to cede them unconditionally to the United States,
why not stop at that point ? Virginia being one of those,
States. would have been included in the general grant to th(
United States. Such grant to the United Sta'es would niost
unquestionably have included Virginia as well as the othem
States of the Union. It is, therefore, without pushing thi
argument submitted, that the necessity for including the
ceding State ly name, in terms, must give character to the
object of the cession, and furnish the true construction to be
41"'given to the deed of cession. It is not to be supposed thai
the grantors were ignorant of the import and legal construct
tion of the deed, or used terms merely out of abundant cau
tion. The object and legal effect of the instrument is stamped
upon its face in plain and intelligible language.
The other States that made cessions of the public lands be
fore the adoption of the Federal Constitution placed them
upon similar grounds to the State of Virginia. The Stat,
of North Carolina and the State of Georgia did not think
proper to cede their waste lands until after the Government
had changed its form. The deed of cession from the former
State bears date the 17th day of February, 1790, and that ol
the latter, the 16th of June, 1802. These deeds will be ex-
amined in their proper place, and will be found to sustain the
position assumed ; that is, that the cessions from all the State-
were for the use and benefit of the States thit composed, ami
might thereafter compose, the Union, in proportion to theii
respective shares of the general charge of the Government ii:
tCe war of the Revolution, and not for the use and benefit o0
the United States ; or, in other words, the cessions were made
to a common head, in trust for the use and benefit of th,
States forming that common head, in liquidating their share
of that common charge. Thus far I have looked at this part
of the subject as it existed under the Articles of Confedera
lion, and I have been brought to the conclusion that the deeds
of cession created merely a trust between the ceding States
anti the Confederation, for the purpose declared, which wa.
to discharge the debt of the Revolution ; that being the gent
eral charge in the minds of all at that time. It is, however, not
to be concealed that there are those who admit the trust undet
the Articles of Confederation, but claim a change in the relation,
of the parties by the adoption of the Federal Constitution.
This position will be examined in a few words. It is sub-
mitted whether any general provisions it the Constitution
could change a special contract existing before its adoption l
But a still more conclusive answer remains. The deeds ot
cession were the mere consummation of contracts or agree-
ments between the States ceding and the Federal alliance,
and therefore come within the express provisions of the sixth
article of the Constitution, which declares that "All debts
contracted and engagements interred into before the adop-
tion of this Constitution, shall be as valid against thu United
States under this Constitution as under the Canfederatiou."
It is, therefore, submitted, that neither the relation of the
parties nor the obligation of the agreements was changed Iy
the adoption of the Federal Constitution, but they were ex-
pressly recognised and maintained by that instrument. That
such was the understanding of the States interested it these
waste lands is very evident from the terms of the deed ol
cession of North Carolina, as well as that of Georgia, the lat-
ter of which hears date in 1802, the Federal Constitution
having been adopted it 1787. 'T'hat deed is in no wise dif-
ferent from the other deeds, and goes most conclusively to
sustain the construction which has been submitted as the true
one to be put upon these deeds. A single quotation from it
will be sufficient t establish this position: "The grants
recognised by the prI, jnLn conditions shall be considered as
a common fund for thi \iss* and benefit of the United States,
Gzoauoe l-ecnu7rnn." Here again it was deemed necessary
to include the ceding State. If, as it has been, and agaii
may be contended, the cession was absolute and uncondition-
al to the United States, why was it necessary to include
GxOtots, the ceding State, by name, in terms ? Was she not


with i.ttemrest on imonfys received for them while charging interest
on the mnevs paid fur them : this error makes a d ff'rence of
near firteen millions to thie pejudicee of thie lands. 4. Another
error of ten millions result from a failuie to credit thie lands with
eight miliiaon of acres of military lbuatinIs bestowed upon the sol-
liits of the late war, and which, t t the price a'suimed by the ac-
.ount of lthe value ofthi lands, would :..ount to ten millions. 5.
A fifih error, and the largest ofltIe whole, consists in chargingthe
whole snmn of -829,765,241 20, being theiiapurchase money and in-
terest paid finor Luisiana and Florid:,, upon thIe v,;cant lands which
these provinces contained, when the fact is inconlestable that these
provinces wnro purchased not for iIeir wild lands but for their
sovereignty; the acquisition of jurisdiction over contiguous terri-
tory : tihe acquisition n of ports and harbors in the Gulf of Mexico,
the acquisition of the mouths of iivems which flwed from our do-
minions, and the removal of foreign power from our immnediare
)orders, were tho real objects of the iputchase, and would have
been considered as cheaply acquired, although noit an acre of va.
cant land had been obtained. These errors, ..-;i n i..,r .i;. \i...
invrestigratmion further, are entirely sufficient I r.- .- .- i.. I,,, .
fr m Ite balance that has been struck against them, and are cer-
tainly of sufficient magnitude to merit cotretion in an account
which implies minute accuracy down to the ninth part of a cent."
From this report (said Mr. SMITH) I have made the follow-
ing abstract, showing the errors which I have read to the Se-
nate in a single view:
Amount claimed as the balance against the public
lands in 1932 $10 804.8119


Errors in that statement, as shown by the report of
Mr. KIN0, as follows :
. Ina the amount paid into the Treasury -
2. No credit for cerjifioates of public debt received


731,156


braced l\ lhe ,hecJs of cession, but have been purchased with
the c.ontmiiuunds of the people of all the States, and there-
fore may be considered as the common property of all, and
subject to the operation of the third section of the fourth article
of the Constitution, which declares that "The Congress
shall have power to dispose of and make all needful rules
and regulations respectingtheterritory or other property belong-
ing to the United States." This power is full, ample, and
complete over the property and its disposition. The ques-
tion then arises, are the public lands which are not included
within the terms of tlhe deeds of cession to be considered
"territory or other property belonging to the United States."
Is there any doubt in the matter TThen, what is the power
of Congress over this "territory ?" The constitutional
answer is, to "dispose of it,-;" "to make all ..it. rules
and regulations respecting it." It is in the full and un-
questioned exercise of this power that the compacts with
the States on their admission were made; that all the grants
have been made to the soldiers of the last;war, to States,
to companies, to colleges, to individuals, for school purposes,
and to the various other objects that Congress has from time
to time recognized as entitled to its favor. Without this power,
it is submitted whether these compacts and all those grants
are not without warrant in the Constitution. It is further sub-
mitted that the construction thus given by all the depart-
ments of the Government, from its foundation, to this ex-
ercise of constitutional power over the public domain, by Con-
gress, should not, at this day, be questioned. Taking this
construction, therefore, to be settled, I maintain that an ex-
press power over this territory or property," in the lan-
guage of the Constitution, must necessarily include a similar
power over the fund arising from such disposition as Con-
gress shall deem it expedient to make of these lands, unless
there shall lie found some other clause in the Constitution
forbidding this construction, which I have not been able to
discover. It follows, from these views, that the proceeds of
the lands not included in the deeds of trust may be distri-
buted at the discretion of Congress, upon any object and in
any way or manner not prohibited by the Constitution, and
that it is within the constitutional power of Congress to dis-
tribute the proceeds of these lands among the States in just
and equal proportions; and that the only difference between
the proceeds of the lands included in thile deeds of cession
and those not so included, is simply that, as regards the former,
Congress is bound to carry out the object of the trust, by the
distribution, upon the demand of the States, alld, in the other
case, it is left subject to the exercise of a sound discretion in
Congress whether that or any other constitutional "1disposi-
tion" shall be made of the lands or the proceeds of the same.
I will proceed to notice the objection that the public
lands have not paid into the National Treasury Ihe amount
expended or extracted from that Treasury for their purchase
andi administration., and, therefore, it is urged that no distri-
butiion can be made upon equitable principles. However plau-
sible tl.-. i.'.. ,-..,, would be, if foun-ded in fact, it is believed
to be u:,,. c -l.l. ..1' an answer, if not conclusive in its charac-
ter, at least sufficiently so for my present purpose. Even ad-
mitting the premises upon which the position rests to be the
true state of the case, which I will show is not within a bow-
shot of being correct, so far as the lands are concern-
ed that are not included in the deeds of trust, the ar-
gument already offered, if correct, furnishes the answer;
that is, that as these lands were purchased by the com-
mon treasure, drawn from the whole People, no ac-
count can possibly arise between thems and the property
they now ask to be sold and returned to them in the
form of a distribution. If they have paid more for the
whole than they have received from the sale of a part, is that
an argument against li1- ."i.n of the balance, and returning
to them the amount "i.., ., paid over and above thle sum
they have received 1 Those who oppose the premises will,
of course, deny the conclusion. If the premises are correct,
the conclusion follows, as the constitutional question covers
the whole ground, so far as these lands are concerned. It
may be said, however, that the ceded lands, admitting them
to he in trust, are subjected to a like difficulty ; that the
quantity sold of these lands has not yet paid the cost or ex-
penses attending the whole of them, and therefore no equity
'an arise as between the trustee and the costai que trust.
This position has been maintained with great confidence ; but
it seems to me that a due consideration of the question and
the relation of the parties will go far to remove this objection,
admitting the truth of the position, that there would be a ba-
lance against them at this time, upon a strict accounting,
which is far from being the case, as I will conclusively show,
The States are the cestui quie trust, and tlihe General Gov-
ernment the trustee: these parties do not stand in the or-
dinary relation of individuals of like character. The people
that support the trustee and provide the ways and means of
discharging the trust, are the same people that constitute and
providee the means of -"p-.'"" n, ih,. States, or the cestui que
trust, in this instance. It, in ,, i-,.., the People, who claim
the distribution of the trust property or fund. have paid the
lebt for which the fund was pledged, or the cost or expenses
of its creation, preservation, and administration, it is submit-
ted whether it lies in the mouth of the trustee to refuse to ex-
ecute the trust because the portion of the trust property
which has been disposed of has not met the demands upon
the whole. I maintain, as a principle of equity well settled,
that if property be conveyed by a person in trust to discharge
a specified debt, and the person sot conveying shall pay otl
the debt to discharge which the property was conveyed,
such person would be entitled at once to a reconveyance of
the trust property. So in this case: although it may be
admitted that the portion of the lands ceded, which have been
disposed of, have not paid in dollars and cents the precise
sum that might be charged in an account against them, yet,
as the balance has been paid by thle same people who require
the distribution, the equity of that distribution is complete.
I have confined myself for a few moments to the argument
of the case upon the supposition that the balance of am ac-
icount current, when fairly struck, would be against the pub-
lic lands. I have attempted to show that, even admitting that
hypothesis, there is ino formidable objection to the measure
of distribution. I would content myself, without "1i;. 1l..,
1.',,.,i. i f, ii, i', were it not that it has been sn ... i,i;. l
r-I i". m.. I urged by the opponents of this measure
that thie lands are indebted to the General Government in art
account between them, and therefore no distribution can now
take place. There has been recently an account or statement,
1i,.-: the account current between the Government and
the public lands, published in the National Intelligencer, to
which I beg leave to refer Senators, not that I concur entire-
ly in that statement, but, in thle general, it will be found to
approximate nearer to the truth than alty statement that has
been made. By that statement, the balance in favor of the pub-
lic lands is $109,187,367. I had intended to compile a
statement of my own, hbut, seeing that to which I have refer-
red, I concluded to content myself by reading in support of
its correctness a part of the report of the Committee on Pub-
lic Lands, submitted to the Senate in 1832, by the chairman,
(Mr. KiNG, of Alabama.) That report puts the question I
am discussing at rest. I would commend it to the favorable
consideration of those Senators who agree politically with the
the Senator front Alabama, as worthy of their consideration
amnd regard. I will read so much of the report at this moment
as is directly in point at this stage oftthe argument, and shall
Slave occasion to refer to it again in support of another con-
troverted position. I use this report with tnie more plea-
sure, because its orthodoxy will not be questioned bl many
who are disposed to doubt every thing that comes from ano-
ther political quarter. Here Mr. S. read thi finlowing ex-
tracts from the report of Mr. Kasr in Senate, in 1832 :
Under this head of an account between the Federal lands on
tne side andl te Federal Government on C!he other, tioe sum -
?48,077,551 40 is charged upon thie'ntnais, thsi sum of ." .' "
31 are credited to tietn, and lhe t-,im of S10,804;838 ..i.1 a 'mmi.
of a cent is struck as a balance due from the lants to the Govern-
merot.
\ ..'r;.. ,i,. 'm ,",, of ihis ac''on'nt, bath ita theory and
inn i .i i -. :. . *I and stiil it would only imlpress the
iett, .- in i in 'I, in. 'in ,': es would covnem r the balan in. ,,
ind by no means would justify a levy to the amount of. i., .n
three hundiredi and sixty-rhree mnill ons fire hundred d ant ei ..i>,,,
nine thousand six hundred and ninety-one dollars, which the tomo-
ntolee on Manufactures seem to think is ihe pecumiary valua of
mic Federal douniiin.
But this committee coanot agree to the correctness of this ac-
eount, either as stated Sr as conceived, and they will rapidly point
out il i.n, .. i .:r.-'. .., r oth particulars.
"Imt fh. a .-.i i nistated: 1. An error ofoeear three qaar-
crs of a million occurs in the credit allowed to tie lands for mo-
tey paid lidt tie Tre, mry : the exact almouart to the 31st tIocem-
icr last, is 838,003,869 89, instead of ,i7,272,713 31, as stated.
2. Another error, exceeding a million of dollars, is committed in
felling to credit ihe lands with the amount of certilicotes of public
dfbt rece sed in payment from 1785 to 1796, amounting to 8t 201,-
725 68. 3. A thinri error lies in thie ,tnission to credit the lands


By credit brought down
To deduction as above


30 33 915

- 148,491,282
39,303,915


Balance in favor of the public lands 109,187,367
I will not push the argument further. Having thrown out
these views, I will close this part of my remarks by saying
that I maintain the position that t',;e proceeds uf the public
tinds covered by the deeds of session, as well as of those not
inclhtuded in the ces-ions, may be distributed among the States
in just and equitable proportions, and should be so distribut-
ed upon the demand of a majority of the States and the
People interested, through their Representatives here.
Has Congress sufficient evidence of that demand I Can
this be doubted 1 Is not the measure called for in a voice
not to be unheeded or misunderstood I The memorials from
State Legislatures which are before us praying the distribu-
tion, public opinion manifrsled in the recent elections anti
in other ways in its favor, are conclusive of the question, and
leave a single duty to perform-that of executing the will of
our common constituents. If these opinions are correct, it
would seem nunnee-esary to looank so closely as it otherwise
might be into the effect to be produced upon the States and
People, embarrassed as most ot them are at this time, by
the distribution. The President, in his message, has touch-
edl the point, and it may ke added that at no time since the
extinguishment of the public debt has the distribution been
s+) loudly called for as a measure of relief to the States and
People.
Again: It is contended that the amount of the proceeds of
the public lands being abstracted from the revenue, will
make it necessary to supply that amount by a new levy of
imposts. This position may be admitted, and the answer is,
that a bill is before the Senate to place the revenue on a per-
.anent basis; so far as it can be done at present, by bringing
utp duties to 20 per cent. ail valorem. It is not to be conceal-
ed, however, that there are many who contend that the pro-
cetds of the sales of ibth public lands should form a compo-
nent part of the permanent revenue of the nation in the pub-
tic Treasury-so long at least as the revenue derived from
imposts shall be, as it is now presumed to be, inadequate to
the demands of the Treasury.
It has long, however, been a desideratum with our ablest
financiers, and especially with those immediately connected
with the administration of the fiscal operations of the Go-
vernment, to see the public revenues placed on a certain and
permanent basis, and it has been most conclusively proved by
the experience of past years that no certain reliance what-
ever can be placed on thie proceeds of the sales of the public
lands in aid of that revenue, so uoncg'r:ain and fluctuating
have been those sales.
Here Mr. S. read the following statement of sales of pub-
lic lands and amount received since the adoption of the cash
system in 1820:
18S1, acres, 781,213 3 1 1.,169.224 98
182, do 801,226 18 1,023267 83
18-23, do 653,319 52 850 1I1 26
1821, do 749 323 04 953 799 03
1825, di) 893461 69 1,205,068 37
1826, do 848082 26 l1 i28,857 29
1827, do 9-26 727 76 1 318 I,105 36
18-28, do 965 600 36 1,221 357 93
1829, do 1,144,707 19 1,447590 04
1830, do 1 929.733 79 2,433 432 94
1831, do 2.777,85688 3557023 76
1832, do 2462,34-2 16 3115376 09
1833, do 3,856 2-27 56 4 972,284 84
1834, do 4658,218 71 6099981 04
1835, do 12,564.478 85 15999804 11
1836, d) 20074 870 92 25167833 06
1837, dto 5601 103 12 7007523 04
1838, do 3414907 4-2 4,305564 64
1839, d i 4 976382 87 6,064 55Q 78
18,10, do 2,240,272 97 2,808 060 14
1841, tn31st
March, 334,826 81 418,786 53

702,655,083 38 $92,267,639 12
I was not a meinbnr of Congress at the time the compro-
mise act was passed, but I have been informed by those who
were that it was understood as a part of that compromise that,
in regulating the tariff at the revenue standard, the proceeds
of the public lands were nont to be considered as a part of that
revenue, htut that the revenue was to be exclusively raised
from imports; and, indeed, the fact that the land distribution
bill passed the Senate on the Sfth of January, 1833, and the
compromise act not until the 28lh of February, 1833, is pret-
ty conclusive that the compromise act stood upon grounds ex-
clusive of the land fund, and that the latter was yielmlded as a
...1-F: r r.''-nue. That was certainly the idea ofPresident
,. ,, .i. I...r'bl th the cominitttees that reported on the subject
at that sEssion of C ,..i.'.- It is a remarkable fact thatwhi'e
ti. C-i... it i r'..I idely in their political coruposition,
as wel as in their recommendation of the disposition of the
l.rm...eed of these lands, they fully concurred with the Presi-
d.-nit ihat the public lands should no longer be looked to as a
source of national revenue.
The Senator from New York, (Mr. WRaGHT,)in his very
able speech delivered on the subject at the last session, as-
sumed the position that there was a deficit ou the part of the
lands, upon an account stated between them and the Govern-
ment. I have endeavored to show how that matter stands.
Thesame Senator, in relation to the opinion of the late Pre-
sident Jackson, stated in his speech, which has been exten-
sively circulated and generally read :
"The late President Jackson has also been repeatedly quoted
as a friend to this distribution policy, and quotations from several
of his early Messages had been read to the Senate to shts his
view.. This was fair as to him, and 'fair as to the question ; but
what were hina views as thus given by himself? To disburse the
revenue when the Treasury was in want? So far from that, they
w-re to relieve the Treasury from a surplus."
This view of the Senator is perfectly correct, so far as ge-
neral revenue was concerned. I desire to do both the late Pre-
silent Jackaon andti the Senator from New York justice in
that particular. But it is to be regretted that the Senator had
not turned his attention to the Message of 1839, where the
President refers to the lands, and disposes of them. No re-
ference is there made to a surplus. The land fund was not
considered by him as general revenue, but subject to the dis-
positi .in ..f C..,. :-. in the exercise of a sound discretion.
The ir ..m I'r..,i I Message will clearly sustain this posi-
tion, and show conclusively that the Senator from New York
begged the question upon which he gave the opinion of the
late President Jackson.
It is therefore submitted that these lands should no longer
be relied upon as a source of national revenue, but that the
tariff should be placed at the revenue standard, as is contem-
ptlated by the Secretary of the Treasury, by subjecting to a
duty those articles of luxury and extravagance which are
consumed by the rich alone, and only by such of them as
choose to purchase and use them. It is said that this will be
a tax on those articles, which will be paid by the consumer.
This is the usual argument; but itis not always true, as much
of the increase of duty on an article is quite as frequently
borne by the producer or manufacturer in a foreign country,
as by the consumer in this. The duty where the article is
consumed, in some cases produces a corresponding redaction
in the price of the foreign article at home, and the consumer
here pays little more for it than if no such duty existed. But


in payment from 1785 to l79e 1,201,725
3. No interest allowed on moneys received, while in-
terestis changed on amounts paid 16,000,000
4 No credit for 8,000,000 acres ot bounty lands to
soldiers 10,000,000
5. Charge for purchase of Louisiana and Florida 29,765,24t
Error 5 6,698,121
Balance claimed 10,804,839

Balance in favor of lands 45,893,282

In 1832, as per Mr. KING's report, the balance in favor of
the public lands was the above sum of $45 893,282. Since
the date of that report, or rather the period to which the cal-
culation was made, the a mount received frorn the sales of the
utublic lands his been over $75.000,000. HFleince it may safely
be assumed that the balance in favor of the public lands, up-
on the principles laid down in the report of' Mr. KINO, and
sustained by the article or statement in the iii-inllt-,,e r, is
over one hundred millions of dollars. As i, may be that some
Senators have not examined the statement to which 1 allude,
I will read it to the Senate. Mr. S. then rea. the statement,
as follows:
Estimate of the direct pecuniary benefits accruing from the
Public Lands, and the cost of their management, to the 30Ah
September, 1840.
Cn. By amount paid by the purchasers of the public
lands, including United States stocks and land.
strips of every description, exclusive of the pur-
chase money of the lands sold for the benefit of
Indians $120,148,085
By value, at $1 25 per acre, of the lands granted to
the States, for schools, roads, canals, &c. 12,700,-
000 acres 15,875,000
By value, at St 25 per acre, of tfile lands granted in
lieu of money as bounties to the soldiers mn the Re-
vcrltionary and late wars, 9,750,000 acres 12,187,500
By value, atSt 26 per ancre, of "donations to indi-
viduals, exclusive of private claims," to Decemter
31, 1831, and exclusive of grants to the deaf and
diiumb, &c. 224 ,58 acrcs 280,697
To the credit of thie public lands 141 491.282

DEDUCT-
To amount paid the State of Georgia in money and
arms 1,250,000
Io amount of Yaz'to claims under act of 3d March,
1815 4,262,151
To amount of salaries and contingent expenses ofi
the General Land Offite, to the 30th September,
1810 1,79,520
To atountt of salaries and incidental expenses of the
land oli,-es, paid out of the proceeds of thie public
lands while in the hands of the receives, to 3d
September, II 3,611,993
To ait)(unmit of salaries of the registers and receivers
paid by warrants on lie l'reasurer of the United
States 96,562
To amount of salaries of the surveyors general and
their clerks, (estitnmted) 923,302
To amount paid for o. i ".n the public lands which
have been sold, ( -,. ...It) 1,490,950
To amount of 2, 3, and 5 per cent. funds, from the
,periods when they ficst accrued 4,599.913
To amhiOnt of coapUensation made to Indians for the
public lands, (estimated) 21,669,524


Ti,. -i'' ,i. ts of the Revolution were assumed directly
by the General Government; and if some Senators will look
to the amount assumed for their own States, and paid for
their direct benefit, I am much mistaken if they do nrot find
that it is too late to be horrifed at the bare mention of the
possibility that this bill may, by indirection, pay a part of the
debts of the States, which they are bound to pay whether the
bill becomes a law or not, 1 would espeeialiy refer the Sena-
tor from South Carolina, (Mr. CALHOUN,) who opposes this
bill on that, among other grounds, its I understand, to the
amount paid for his State. It may be said that those were
debts incurred by the States in the war of the Revolution,
and that these were created in time of peace. To this it may
be answered that these debtor States contributed to the last
war more than any of the States did to the Revolutionary
war; they had no other means of raising revenue than that
of direct taxation, while the States of the Revolution levied
their own imposts, and had the whole proceeds of the sales
of the public lands within their limits. I am not pressing the
argument in favor of assumption, but I am meeting the posi-
tion which would deny to the debtor States Ihe justice of the
provisions of this bill, lest it might indirectly operate as an
assumption of a part of their debts, or, in other words, enable
them to pay a part of their debts. I believe it to be due to the
States that the distribution should be made; and it is cer-
tainly no objection to me that it will be a relief measure, to
some extent, to the people of the debtor States. The Gov-
ernment was formed for the benefit of the People; and it
should be so administered as not to defeat the purposes 'of its
creation. While this measure is just to the old States, it is
liberal to the new, and it ought to satisfy all. The table
which I will now read to the Senate will give the data for
Small the calculations under the bill.


in ,~. ~' I 5g5' ~
5 o ..5 0- -' 5 0- at o as 0
- 0 ~'. 0 fin 6. p tin 0 -- a -
~- I~I~~!
a - r-~- -


suppose the consumer here paid all; it is a voluntary pay-
ment by those who purchase the foreign article, while the dis-
tribution will extend its vivifying influence to those who do
not, as well as to those who do consume the European arti-
cle. For the purpose of showing that the views which I en-
tertain of the impolicy of looking to the lauds as a source of
national revenue are not new, or confined to myself alone, 1
will read to the Senate the opinions of others, to which I have
alluded, and which will have more weight with Senators
over the way, as well as with a large portion of the American.
People, than any thing that could come from this part of the
Senate. 1 refer to the opinions of President Jackson and Mr.
King-those of the former as contained in his annual Mes-
sages, and those of the latter as declared in another part oj
the report from which I have already read copious extracts
Mr. S. here read the following extracts, to which he had re-
ferred, from the Messages:
President Jackson, in his first Message, 1829, says :
Toavoid these evils, it appears to me that the most safe, just,
and federal dmtpositim which could Le made of this surplus reve-
nue would be its apportionment among the several States, accord-
ing to their ratio of representation. And should this mueamire not
be found warranted by the Constitution, that it would be expedi-
ent to propose to the States tin amendment authorizing it."
He does not say that it would be unconstitutional to distri-
bute surplus revenue generally, but he thinks it so impor-
tant as to justify an amendment to the Constitution, should
doubts on tnat poist exist. But hear him on the lands, which
he placed on entirely different grounds from general revenue.
In President Jackson's fourth Message, 1832, he says :
Among the interests which merit the consideration of Con-
gress after tile payment of the public debt, one of the most impor-
tant in my view is that of the public lands. Previous to the for-
mation of our present Constitution, it was recommended by Con-
gress that a portion of the was-te lao Inds owned by the Siates should
be celed to the United States for purposes of general harmony,
and as a fund to meet the expe ses of the war. The recomnmen-
dation was adopted, and at d fferent periods of time the States of
Mas-acrhusetls, New York, Vitginia, North and South Carolina,
and Georgia granted Iheir vacant soil Ifor thle uses for which it
had bees asked. As the lands may now beconsidered as re-
S ,. .'... ,bhject for which they were ceded
Sj,. .. .. ., ,..- inthe discretion of Congress to
1 .w '. -, i ,. .i as best ito conduce to the quiet
S and general interest of the American P...- [- Ina
.:, j..a..., )- this lues ion, all local and sectional feeling i. -.1.1 be
discarded, and the whole United States regarded as one People,
interested alike in thle prosperity of their conltinoi country."
Again t it seems to me to be our true policy that the public
lands shall eease, u sscon as practicable, to be a soureG f revs-
nue, and that they be old to settlers, in limited parcels, at a price
barely sufficient it reimburse to thile Uai.dl States the expense of
the present sy.-ttin and lhe cost arising under otr Indian com-
pacts."
It has been urged that General Jackson was only makingn g
of surplus revenue, and therefore hi.s remarks were not ap-
plicable to the present state oh the question. 1 answer that
he expressly says, that,
As the lands may now (1832) be conamidered as relieved
from tlhs ledge, the object for which they were ceded having
been accemipli.hed,' (i. e. the payment of the debt of the
Revolution, and tnot lihe .-ruin: debts of the Government,) "it
is in the discretion of I .,,- , to dispose of them in such
nay as besC t3 condice to the quiet, harmony, and general inter-
est of the American People."
The report of Mr. King, to which I have so often referred,
assumes the santme ground : it declares, after an elaborate ex-
amination of the subject : This committee turn with confi.
dence from land offices to the custom-houses, and say here
qre the true sources of Federal revenue: give land to the cul-
tivator--tell him to keep his money, and lay it out in their
cultivation." I wil not pursue this part of the argument fur-
ther; enough has been shown, I trust, to establhh the posi-
tion that lithe proceeds of the sales of the public lands, after
the payment ol the public debt, were not considered by any
political party as ordinary revenue, and subject to the same
rules that govern duties collected upon imports.
It has been urged in the debate on other subjects, when the
distribution question, or in other words the land bill, has been
adverted to, itat this is atn unpropitious time to act upon any
of these great measures, because the People are not represent-
ed under the last census. That argument would certainly
have much force if the proposed measures were not in accord-
ance wilh the known will of a large majority of the People.
But let Senators satisfy themselves on this point, and they
will see, upon a fair basis of calculation, being governed by
the late census a.-i to numbers, and by the last Presidential
election as to political opinions, that the vote on this bill in
the Senate would t:e 38 to 14, if the States were fairly repre-
sented, antd in th. L House the majority would be still more
overwhelming. I therefore tubmit it to those Senators who
are daily ', "-'."i.' on this position, wiethe, the argument
growing .). ,. 'A rue state of the facts of the case is not Si-
rectly against them. Let Senators look at this table, and
then iiake their calculations:
APPORTIONMENT Orl i. '.dLF: -An official summary of the
populati ,n of the United States, according to thi census of last
year, being published, we are enabled to calculate tte probable
apportionment of Representatives in Congress. The apportion-
mecnt !or the five si.-.e.dinoT V-ongresses is to be made next win-
ter; and the New .,h I r ;...- has compiled the following table
of ihe Federal population of each State, (conisitihg of all the free
whites antl three fifths the number of all other persons.) on which,
ms a basis, tlhe new apportionment must be made. We have an
nexcd the number of Iteprmesenttives to which each State will be
entitled, accrhirding to the three most probable ratio-, viz.
States. Federal pop Representatives if the ratio be
tts Fer 60,000 70,000p 80,000 90,000.
Maine 501,251 1 7 6 5
N. Hampshire 284,36(0 4 4 3 3
M.issaclhusetts 734,231 12 10 9 8
Rhode island 107 532 1 2 1 1
Connecticut 306,79 5 3 4 3
Vermont 291,656 4 4 3 a
New York 2,408909 40 34 30 26
New Jersey 364,633 5 4 4
Pennsylvania 1,694,865 28 24 21 18
D)elaware 76 275 1 1 1 1
Maryland 408 636 6 5 6 4
Virgwini t1,040265 17 14 13 It
North Carolina 645 999 10 9 8 7
$outl: larolina 460,272 7 6 5 5
comrgis 5 77,853 9 8 7 6
Alabama 4i8,527 a 6 6 5
Miisissippi 297,020 4 '4 3
Louisiana 267 734 4 3 3 2
Tienae.see 7,-3 776 12 10 9 8
entucky 701.170 11 10 8 7
Ohio 1,512529 25 21 18 16
Indiana t)62 s 5 1 9 8 7
ItllinoTs 474,749 7 0 5 5
Missouri 359 776 5 4
Akaioas 99414 1 1 1 1
Michigan S11,249 3 3 2 2
-- 0 !
Total Members of House 249 214 186 164
Another argument which gentlemen have been in the habit
of resorting daily to in this body is the charge that the distri-
bution is to favor British stockjobbers, by enabling the States
to pay their debt upon their !. r..r, ti-..inds. This aruinmer t
must be ,redicated upon the iit p *, i -that the ei.c- .ill
prove faithless to their engagements unless this bill becomes
a law, and faithful if it shall pass; for if the States now in-
tend to pay their debts in good faith, which none can doubt,
whatever aid they may receive ftom the passage of this bill
will inure exclusively to their own benefit, and not to ithe
ben fit of their creditsrm. If they do not so intend, would the
small sum they would receive under this tjl change a diter-
mitation fmirmed, by which they had resolved to appropriate
the amount they have received to their own use, in violation
of their solemn contracts, to their own dishonor Will such
a position be for a moment insisted upon by any onel If not,
then the distribution will be for the benefit of the State and
not the British stockjbbbers, as some contend.
1 am aware that an objection to this measure is urged, that
it amounts to an assumption of the debts of the States, and
therefore it is an improvident measure. This argument will
onsly apply to States that are indebted, if at all; and as the
other S ates received an equal proportion, in the ratio, it can-
not apply specially to any. That this measure stands upon
its own merits, independently ofthcdebts of the States, is con-
ali I, l |. r..ved by the fact that the hill of 1832, which passed
I -,, Ii.,. i of Congress, preceded the debt of the States,
and therefore could have no connexion with or reference to
them. But suFpose that this measure shall come in aid af the
States in the payment of their dobtp and the maintenance of
their public faith-sUppose it should liglaten- the burdens of
the people of the indebted States, and diminish the direct
taxes they now have to pay to n-eel the interest of'their debts,
is that an object so repugnant i., tihie r.Irri,,, of Senaters that
they will oppose the measure on that ground '1 Do Sena~tor's
desire to see the people of the debtor States crushed to thhe
earth ? Or do they wish to see these States violate their en-
gagenients and corer themselves with dishonor ? Can it be
possible that such feelings animate the bosoms of high-
minded anal honorable men ? Can a single State be disgraced
without affecting her sisters, more or less'? Time was when
dis[rn. ....t -.- -uch repugnance to theiidea of even a direct
I aoi.uir.iin- rn .t Ite debts of the States.


IQuantity of
Name oftribe. land set apart
for east tribe.


Choctaws


At's. tlOths.1


15.000,000


Oreelp andSe- 13,140,000
Mninules.
Chierokees 14,374,135 14


Chippewas, Ot-
towas, and Pat-
tawatamies.
Senecas from
Sandusky, 0.

Sen'eas&Shaw
nee, (mixed
bhnd,) fromn
Lewistown,O.
Shawnees -







Ottowas of Ohio

Kaskaskilasand
Peorias.

Kickapoos
Piankeshaws &
Weas.
Quapaws



Delawares




Miamies
New York In-
dians.
lowas, Sas, &
Poxes.,
Pottawatamies
of In-liana.
W.innebagoea -

Osages


Ka


5I 6,000,000


67,000


60,000


1,700,000







74,000

96,000

768,00

160,000

96,000



1,759.361 77




506,000
1,824,000

256,000

909,565 62
1,500,000

7,564,800


anzas 2,610,080

Total, acres 67,358,942 53


Remarks.


Fee simple to inure to them as long
as they and their descendants
shall exist as a nation, and live
on it. Treaty of September, 1830.
To be conveyed.
Same title. Treaty of February,
1833. Patent to issue.
Patent, per treaty of December,
1835, and treaty of February,
1833.
To tie held as other lands are held
which have lately been assigtnef
to emigrating Indians. Treaty ol
September, 1833.
Fee simple as long as they shall
exist as a nation, and remain on
the same. Treaty of February,
1831. Patent to issue.
Same. Treaty of July, 1831. Pa-
tent to issue.

United States agree to give," &c.
Treaty of November, 1825 ; of
which 1900000 acres to be rant
ed by patent, in fee simple, as
long as they and their heirs shall
exists a nation, antd remain upon
the same, to the Shawnees at
Wn.., ;ht,k.. ,.-, and Hog creek,
i. 0 )... r,m ij, of August, 1831
Held by same title as above, 100,000
acres. Treaty of August, 1831.
Patents to issue.
Fee simple as long as they exist as
a nation, and live ou it. Treaty
of October, 1832.
iS;ms title as above. Treaty of Oc
tobcr, 1832.
For their permanent residence.
Treaty of October, 1832.
To be conveyed by patent to them
and their descendants, as long as
they shall exist as a nation or con-
tinue to rcmide thereon. Treaty
of May, 1833.
Treaty of October, 1818, andi sup-
plement of Septenthmber, 1829.
Shall be conveyed and forever
secured by the United States,"
and peaceable possession guiaran-
tied forever.
Treaty of Novemhber, 1840. As-
signed for their occupancy.
T it, f i6>h Jr...-jr%, in and
t-.n- i-tin i, ti. \y ilt. e- ., To
hold in fee simple, by patent.
Assigned to them for a permanent
home. Treaty of 17th September,
1836.
To be conve% -. r-.Ient. Treaty
f February i.7.
Treaties of S ir.t-.:r, 1832, and
November, 1837. To be held
as other Indian lands are held."
Reserved out of cession t as long
as they may choose to occupy the
same," by treaty of June, 1825.
Same as above, by treaty of June,
1825.


OFFICE IoDIAN" AprAins, JULY 9, 1841.
A single word on the other part of the bill, which contains
the prospective pre-emption principle, and I have done.
That measure is so generally understood, it has at this day so
few opponents, that do not thinlt it necessary to go into an
argument to sustain it. The present bill is wejl guarded ;
h bernf-tis resulting from it will inure exclusively -i, the, -
"u.al -ttil.r ; and the other provisions will be fou .id lo beju.
dicious and wise. The bill may require some t.mn,Jmpr.is
other than those recommended by the committee. If so, let
them be made; after which, I trust and hope that the bill may
become a law. I feel that this is the accepted time for it to
receive the sanction of this body ; it has already passed the
popular branch; the revenue question can be satisfactorily
arranged, as a bill is before us to supply the deficit to be cre-
ated by diverting this fund from the public treasury. These
measures are loudly called for by the public voice. And from
their operation in connexion with thle other great national
measures that have already passed the Senate, I do not doubt
that the nation will find relief from her temporary embarrass-
ments; with increased strength she will pursue her onwaid
course to her destined greatness and power, while the People
will prosper under our free institutions and glorious Consti-
tution.
It is urged that the land fund will be needed for national
purposes; and the Senator from Missouri, (Mr. LisNN,) fol-
lowing out the idea, has given notice of a motion to amend the
bill by appropriating this fund to national defences. I know
the sincerity of the Senator in making this proposition ; and
let me assure him I fully concur with him in the pro.priely
of strengthening our national arm of defence. We orly dif-


a.,i,, N.a.a... = i
a.~ ~ I .t,
.N to. -












di
-SC.a i rI a 0.-

t. .- C a. i N _
















eS c iow c 'i _BS

No~s.--Theam .mtoftenoeet I satdi hatal.
0 0

















inadto to tb ive e et ob r eceve unde ths re r> p Q."
b'd it _cn n";-t be imroe to reaktaUeear ag on
t5e 1 1 1 e and wor s md hn e0r be so n th
-ae tavi QO -ptly the t t n h
o aa. ,,&a.4a-oto~eaa...o 0'S

















an hne h disarty between the I no oget si ol
W ^ tWtOj^OOn Zl 10"


wi ingy hae bee.B n a. 0a-W-.e3 -W - .-" = a0.- E'. -**
rou Cofseeinth. e laitaa w- -c 'I v d tin i r u
ct, tOa-t.shouh apif t- --e uepot re >s st h
f u t10tothSa, o-G a t 0 o


Ic 5 loa.ra I a am- co re. a r



















B ie reoto G orf .the Secrtaryi o^ f*. |h Treasury*
S- ,ON'a.O)-0C-ZON0 a 00> ^ (2^
Nw -af*.a'**^*k t.NtOO.-t'oa..-Aa., atS
a. aUa-aOaratQOa)r.N. >B-CTCO Ct,. I SS




10 oaiyof th p.lia. ln that hW be






Cno











NTh E.t he a.mmfi of ten, c ent ,,, at, d int hi ,t28863ables .
n a td i f-rcea nt. t.o e r t, ,o p










sd o 735,915,699 do
bhti there is owbibrert to premarkteetry ].re 17r 441 do
to al d wort h '.' O Ondt Ta ri tr e b i











a. pr0tet i 0 ia. -I34583d









Statshav ingqapparetylof thns grveatestquantity whithithrlmts
andhelncetedisparitye abetwen etngshemis n-tso5geat3,1itwoudo
lans tis 831,868,895 do
Ia i detaintheen anoo lone on |aed grto t
n hi MhIipa v '. pr3 to t0a8,94 d I ou
b s a. thouCht iitdto tua.bl teo ,s"ol ll ao ohe
o eSat h and- erritoienwc v e Iusew of e e o su--























jethat th shquantiyamfpblifyldsthreortwhichIth adteeoo
ofndbiatng oteSnteI,,o as to,- enab o, tose who, difwhir
fr -oti .m ,.e a.x a t ,-ogo upo 103te a do
pa- -thre. ta..--,ami .. oIrnd. I. l o meen
























the.ued nat oe asaeqrnee sof theqoandtityonf ftepbi
,C.CAOfa.SOT a.-N0-tIK1 SC
























landsbend r edure iofthe dist ariist relon ,- 0hi00ydo
"-i'1 0 of 181,it atbs., desn- 0.e a fhe
























qatrity, ofdthe quanticyoflands th t havert been c r~
L.: --0^ e c 0-ee00 1 -;3. ao-


That :-- bC> o o o a ct. ., i --- 3 8 Ace.

NOTe--The nimmut of te-n p-r cent. Z* stated in thIs table, is
in addition to the five percent- to be re!eid under te
b4t it 919y dot be improper to remark thatthere are Large quanli-
ties of waste and worthless Itnds that can never be sold in the
State. haviaq apparently the erentest duanttty within their limits,
and hence the disparity between them is no9 so gr1at as it would
appear at first blush.
I will detain the Senate no longer on the part of the bill
upon which I have ih.ss.i.t!'r proper to comment. I would
willingly have been c1.rK.I ih,. necessity of these remarks,
but i thought it due to the Senate, as well as to others desi-
rous of seeing the light in which I viewed thio important sub-
ject, that I should amplify the report which 1 had the honor
of submitting to the Senate, so as to enable those who differ
from me to examine the grounds upon which the matter is
placed, so far as I am concerned. I will, however, rea.I to
the Stnate a statement showing the condition of the public
lands, and the course of their administration, which may be
useful in the further consideration of the subject:
By tite report ol tte Seeretary of the Treasury
i1,ie Itt of Jutd, 1841, itappears thatthe
quantity of the public lands thot hace been
sold is 86 7tt8,724 Acres.
Thrt t*. '.. ... . i' ,r.- .-:. ': receiven i 121,113.436 7 dolls
That : ,.. li-..l tn ,1 .I[. i I. r ,. ,;.1,.,1 t 323,088,643 Acres.
That the Indiant title remains i, I.. t.& ; .i"
ed to -73.5,915,699 do
That there is now g subject to private entry -118,173,441 do
Thatth..- t i~', i.- I,.' i,i. and Territories
tW~t y.i lrt I ji r i .' *K, .c1. not. subject
to private entry, in : j03,4(6,86;3 do
Tirittthl qiiantity ofttulsawrheyed lands to wltich
the Indian title itas been estnguished ia 95,953,196 do
That the entire quantity of unsureeyed public
tandats 83t,868,895 do
Thit the, qi-sotity of public lands granted to
the Itndian tribes that have removed beyond
the Mtssisatppr is 67,358,942 do
That the quantity of public landts eranied tu
the States and Territories, exclusiee of sec-
tiont 16, is 3,826,836 do
That the qtsantity of public stands to which the

are tiot'.n,.-,. it- .. ia... a: r.; 'i 10,047,087 do
tinued in cno~teqttt'nce of the quantity of
lands being reduced in tile districts below l00;000 do
Sa. .i' r.r' /ir' the qtutcntity of public land which, has been
.-i jr-ii"'***-tJafdii ,tri-ibes, designatingf the giamTne ef the
tribe, and the quantity of land set apart for each tribe.


street and Maryland avenue. All communications addressed to
me shall receive prompt attention.
itly 7-diftf THOS. WILLIAMS.
'O PARENTS AND TEACHEI4S.-SCHOtOL
BOOKS.-The subscriber having lately received frcm
the North a very large supply of School Books, and all that are
used in the 11istrict,and havingselected those thatare well bound,
and the best editions, those who wish to purchase will find it totheir
interest to examine them. School Books will be sold at reduced
prices, and a liberal discount made to those who purchase by the
quantity.
Also, Blank Books and Stationery of every kind, of the beat
quality in the market, and will be sold at the lowest prices.
R. PARNHAM.
EXCHANGE AND COTTON TRADE WITIh
W ENGLAND).--Exchange and cotton trade between
England and the United States; containing pro form accounts
on -otton purchased in the principal markets of the Union and
shipped to Liverpool; with Table -h t;,t the cost of cotton at
Liverpool, and the nett proceeds ( I Li. rp.,..-i quotations, and cal-
culations of exchange operations between New York and the
South, and between Londcon and the United States, by I. F. Eneiz.
Just published and for sale at the bookstore of
R. FARNHAM,
july 5 Between 9th and 10th sts. Penn. av.
rr]RAVELLING BASKETS, FRENCH TWIST,
BUFFAIO COMBS, &c.-S. P IRKER has just
received a large assortment of the above articles, which he offers
for sale at v r, b1.,w pil **:es, ii'idFht r u;ith a hanJs..me s aaiortmrit *.
fancy Pans, Ci,rt.i.s and hiiithei of every dsa.:rpt.,,., Wax
Dolla, &c.
Ornamental Hair and Fancy maore, between Sih and lrth strects8
Penn. avenue, jul "21-6iif


fer as to the funds out of which that preparation shall be
made. I contend for this distribution as a necessary measure
to enable the people to rise in their strength to the de fence of
the country. Let this fund he used fur the reliefof an embar-
rassed and oppressed people, and supply its place by a levy'
of imposts, as is mow proposed. The duties will be paid, alona
by those who choose to consume the foreign article, as I have
already said, while the distribution will be felt by the hum-
blest citizen in the land, who may never use an article upon
which a duty is levied. Do this, and yoa may rely upon it,
whenever the people are required to come up to the defence
of the country, you will find them there, not arrayed in par-
lies, as we are, but as one man. For I trust the t:me never
will come, when we shall refuse on party grounds, at the c:-,It
of our country, to rally around her standard, and bring ,0 her
support our united energies in her just and honorable defence.
Sir, the defences of the country will be provide,. for, whether
this bill pass or not. But refuse to distribute it on the ground
that it may be needed, and my word for it the necessity will
be created.
The Senalor from Missouri, (Mr. BENTON,) tI e other day,
declared, what every one knows te be Irue, that there is a
continued drain from the West of the precious metals, and
no natural return. I have felt that state of the case existing
for years, and I have complained of it on this floor without
effect; but I new see a prospect of a return, through this hill,
of a portion of the money that is drawn from up, andtl call
upon Western Senators to look at the matter in that light.
Sir, we have been called upon, in a voice clear and audible,
to give to the measures in which we have been and are still
engaged at this extra session the forms of law. Thie Feopl
have called for them, and we astheir agents are bound to carry
them out. If they be wise and judicious, as we suppose, suIh
will be the decision of our common constituents; it, however,
in this, they as well as ourselves should be mistaken, the
error will be corrected by the experience of those affected by
our action, and we shall be compelled to either conform our
legislation to that corrected public opinion, or surrender the
seals and our places here to our political opponents. Let
every Whig then come manfully up to the work, and take
his share of the responsibility. There is no escape-no spe-
cial pleading will avail. We must stand or f6 l upon tie
wisdom of our measures, and their just and bent iiial resul s
upon the interests of the People. The recent revolution e'-
fected by public opinion-the condemnation of the last Ad-
ministration and its sub-Treasury hard-money measures, and
the signal overthrow of those in power, present a portion of
history entitled to our thoughtful contemplation. ] advert to
this to admonish gentlemen not to rely for escape on the ab-
snrce of a vote, or even a vote against any particular measure.
We stand or fill on our policy. If we stand, we all stand tog,-
ther; if we fall, we must and should share the same fate." I
claim no exemption. I fully concur with the great majority
of the Whigs of the naiin in the wisdom of our policy
but, if they should prove otherwise, it is the duty as well i.s
the right of the People to rectify any errors into whiph we
haball have fallen, The Government was formed for them,
and it ought to be administered for their hent fit.
Before 1 take leave of this subject, the Senate will excuse
me for recurring again to the position assumed that the Peo-
ple are not represented under the last census. This is ppe of
the grounds upon which our political opponents intend to go
to the People and demand the repeal of the bank charter, ani
it is possible that the same argument may be applied to this
bill, should it pass and become a law. Sir, let Senators ie-
ware of that sword-it is not a two-odged one, cutting both
ways-it cuts those alone who rely upon the popular will as
manifested in the elections of 1840, and wlho profess to rt|y
upon a representation under the ic. ti. for the repeal of
either the bank law or of this ,i-'rl ut,.n measure. RE-
PEAL Ay, that is to be the di mocratic watchword, say Sen-
ators. Contracts are nothing, public faith is nothing, vesedl
rights are nothing. Repeal, repeal, say gentlemen. I confess
I utterly abhor the idea ; it is nullification run mad ; and let
me tell gentlemen they never will succeed in their unholy
purposes until the Pemople are list to every sense of itistice.
and are prepared ti deny the utility of our present jiirmtoft
Government; until established lawvs shall give place to open
anarchy. Nay, more: such doctrines can never be sanction-
ed until the independence of the Judiciary shall lie prostrate
at the feet of a tyrannical and corrupt par'y, i,,.r tiri'il lit li'
shall bean unmeaning s)und. At which j 1,,,id, ,husld i eler
active, which God forbid-
SFaith shall Ay, and Piety in exile meurn,
Anwl Justice, here oppressed, to Heaven return."

C 1141 LOTTI HAL-L SCHOOL.--The Trust es a of
Charlotte Hall School take pleasure in announcing to the
public that they have engaged the services of Dr. P. S. Pinneo in
the English and Mathematical department of the institution. Dr.
Pinneo is a graduate of Yale College, has been many years sue-
cessfully employed as a public teacher, and most of the Trustees
have a personal knowledge of his peculiar faculty and skill in im-
parting infot million to the student.
Charlotte Hall School is now most h:,a'r.-lv ..ri.;a.:.1. r.
Kraitsir, Dr. Pinneo, and Mr. Charles T. !,-.j% .--..,,.,ut, ,i- ,a
culty. Dr. Kraitsir, the principal, is a gentleman nf great learn-
ing and erudition, for which the Trustees refer to thie ample testi-
monials presented to the public through the medium of the Intel-
ligeneer and other ...r= dt;... I, ,,, .. i.hs of July and August,
1840, and is a!so, a r, r ., t 1..., ., .n Mr. Shaw, -,..t i ,.
tant classical teacher, has been connected with the school for sp7-
seral years, is a scholar, and posseisse" indatutry ant4 energy it
teaching.
The classical ant mathematical courses are very full, and pupils
may be amply prepared for thie junior class of any college in this
country. The French language is also taught without additional
charge.
The expenses, c ,...-;--rlh, it-i talent employed and the com-
prehensive course t t..r,,,. nse very inodeiate. The price
of tuition, with no extra charges, is seven dollars (7) per quarter
for the classical, mathematicalt and French classes, and four dol-
lars and fifty cents (4 50) fr the lower English, Board may te
had in commons under the charge of a steward of very Mtral and
exemplary character at twenty-five dollars (25.) per quartert in-
cluding bedding and washing, or of the principal or assistant clas-
sical teacher at the same. Theie are also private families in the
vil.- ,. who reeivep boarders.
0i'.. ,r i.- Hall School is located in the small village of Char-
lotte flall, in St. Mary's county, Maryland, situated upon an eleva-
ted pain, nearly equidistant between the rivers Patuxentand Poto-
mac, and is remarkable fi,r its perfect exemption from autumnal dis-
ease, its general salubrity, and abundant flow of the purest water
from its numerous fountains. It is disti fr.rt V,. b;rn,. r, ... r
a good road, thirty-five (35) mlles,and ..-w. r-., W .h-
ington to Leonareown pass within eight miles twice a week.
The Norlblk and P,,tomac boats ilouch within twelve or fifteen
miles, and thie Patuxent from Baltimore within tan.
Under such auspices the Trustees, wilh entire confidence, re-
commtend this ancient seminary to the attention of the public.
By orderof iie Board. RICHARD THOMAS, President.
P. S.-There will be an examination on the 28th and 29th of
July, at which parents, guardians and others are solicited to at-
end. june s 8-eo2m,,if
I LOTliI'NG I CLOtHINCG I C*.OTHING 1-Still
another reduction in prices. As I am determined tore-
duce my present stock of Clothing, I will offer to the Public in
general one of the finest assortments of Ci...il, now in this citV,
all of which I have reduced 25 per cent. r- .. ,., present prices.
Persons wishing to purchase will do well to call before purchas-
ing elsewhere, as my clothing is of the best of quality and fash-
iontable style, and in workmanship equal to any in the city, viz.
,Pine Ribbed Diamond, and Plain Gambroon Pantaloons
Summer Cloth, London Tweed, Single and Double Milled
Cassimeres, Angola Cassimere Pantaloons
Summer Cletli l)ress anti Frock Coats
White and Brown Linen Dress and Frock Coats
Plati and 1'- .ar. 1.t Vests, Qtuiled Marseilles Vests
Blue, Blac, I....., Green, and Olive Dress anti Frock
C.,ats of the most fashionable style and workmanship
Also on hand one of tlte handsomest assortments of Furniture
and house keeping articles, which I will sell at lower prices than
can be obtained in the District, quality and workmanship watcatt-
ed, &c. &c. WM, MARSHALL, Auction Rooms,
july 23-6tif Penn. avenue, between 9mh and Oih street's.
iME1 KILN S I5'OR RKENT.-For rent for one or more
years the Washington Lime Kilns lately occupied by Mr.
Speiden, on Roek Creek, near the Canal. They consist of four
Kilns of large dimensions, with Limoe-louse, Office, Sheo, tnd
Stab e attached. Tue rent will be reasonable, and possession
given immediately. Apply at the Office of H. M. Morfit, on 4|
sttret, near Pennsylvania avenue, jtne 30-ifeodtf
^UMMER GOODS AT COST IrIOR CASH.-Frcm
I.3 this day 1 shall proceed to sell off the remaining part of my
summer stock, comprising an extensive assortment of-
Rich embroidered and printed lawns
French, British, and Anmrican calicoes
Gambroors, drilling, and summer cloths
6, 7, andi 8 quarter rich silk and net shawls
Fancy scarfs and handkerchiefs
Rutland, Florence and English braid bonnets, &c. at prime
cost for cash.
On hand, alsol at low prices, a superior assortment of fall ar-
ticles. JAMES B. CLARKE,
aug2-eolwif Opposite Centre Market, No. 2 from 8th str.
EGROES ( WANTED.- Thesubscritter wishes to pur-
chase immediately a number of negroes for cash. Per-
sons wishing to sell will find it to their interest to see me before
they sell, as I am determined to givetl.. htIj. ,- vr;,'- for likely
negroes the New Orleans market will .,. iv. I ,',, at all tihnea
be fund at William H. Williams's establishment, corner of 71h


4










BY AUTHORITY.

LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES
fPSSE AT THE FIRST SESSION OF TWJBNTY-$EVENTH CONGRESS
[PRIVATE-No. 2
AN ACT making further provision for the maintenance of
pauper lunatics in the District of Columbia.
Be it enoxced by the Senate and House of Representatives of
the United Statesof America in Cngress assembled, That
so much of the act entitled An act making temporary pro-
vision for lunatics in the District of Columbia," approved
February second, one thousand eight hundred and forty-one,
as limits the appropriation to three thousand dollars, be, and
the same is hereby, repealed, and the further sum of three
thousand five hundred dollars is hereby appropriated, out of
any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to
make immediate provision for the maintenance of pauper lu-
natics as provided for in the said act.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Marshal of
the District of Columbia shall not be restricted to the asylum
at Baltimore, but may provide for pauper lunatics at any pub
be lunatic asylum in the United States, consulting economy
in the selection. JOHN WHITE,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
SAM'L L. SOUTHARD,
President of the Senate pro tempore.
Approved, August 3, 1841.
___ JOHN TLR

TO THE RDIVORS.
GENTLEMEN : At a time when the exordium of very many
of the speeches of the opposition members of the House of
Representatives is made of declamation ard protest against
the rule, which the majority have found it expedient to adopt
fir the despatch of business, restricting each speaker to one
hour in the discussion of any question before that body, it
may not be inappropriate to republish the opinion of Mr.
JEFFFRtSRN on the utility of discussion in general, srid the
more especially so, as his opinions deservedly have great
weight with all classes of persons. M.
PROM THE LIVE, WRITINGS, AND OPINIONS OF THOSE. JEFFERSON.
o Our body was little numerous, but very contentious,
Diy after day was wasted on the most unimportant questions.
A member, one of those affl.cted with the morbid rage of de-
bate, of an arlent mind, prompt imagination, and copious flow
of words, who heard with impatience any logic which was not
his own, sitting near mee on soe occasion of a trifling but
wordy debate, asked me how I could sit in eilekce, hearing so
much false reasoning, which a word should refute. I observ-
ed to him that to refute, indeed, was easy, but to silence, im-
possible; that in measures brought forward by myself I took
the laboring oar, as was incumbent on me, but that in gene.
ral I was willing to listen ; that if every sound argument or
objection was used by s.)me one or other of the numerous
ileuaterb, iit was enough-if not, I thought it sufficient
to suggest the omission, without jirij into a repetition
of what had been already said by ul !4, that this was a
waste and abuse of the time and patience of the 1ouse which
could not be justified. And I believe that if the members of
deliberative bodies were to observe this course generally, they
would do in a day what takes them a week; and it is really
1.1-. ',ntionable than may at first be i. ii. .'t.other Bo-
r. t'i'., dumb Legislature, which 'T. i.'hing and
itdch, may not be preferable to one wich talks much'and
dbes nothing. I served with General WASHINGTON in the
Legislature of "irginia, befo e Revolution, and during it
With Dr. YRANzsLt in Congress, I never hai"' 0 t
them speak ten i air. ;r n n to any bt t .
point, which was to decide the question. They laid their
shoulders to the great points, knowing that the little one
Wotld follow of themselves. If the present Congress errs it
too much talking, ho v can it be otherwise in a body to which
the people send one hundred and fifty lawyers, whose trade
it is to questi,.n every thing, yield nothing, and talk by the
hour I That one hundred and fifty lawyers should do husi-
ness together ought not to be expected,"-Page N7.
LANDSCAPE PAINTINGS.
In strolling through the Rotundo ofthe Capitol the other
day, my attention was struck by three Landscapes placed on
4 table near the wall, and my love of the art led me to ap-
proach and examine them more closely, There is something
in landscape painting that has always charmed me, especially
when the work is skilfully executed and I presume this plea-
sure is felt by all who admire Nature, and of course those
imitations of her beauties which the artist of genius is capable
of giving. There seemed to be a softness and grace about
these paintings that led me to suppose they were the produc-
tions of a distinguished artist, and I was not less surprised
than gratified to perceive, upon examining a slip of paper in
front of each, that they were executed by a young painter of
his city, Mr. Wm. McLtoD. I was pariiul irlv charmed
With the exquisite coloing of his skies, and the accuracy of
his drawing, s .pe-ciallv it the scene upon the Rhine. The
sunset on the kludson, too, is admirably done. There is a
warmth, glow, and softness about the whole of this gentle-
min's three pieces lhat entitle him to great praise, and that
but few, I tbink, can surpass.
Mr. McLEOD is, I understand, a self-taught artist, but,
like all men of genius, devoted to his beautiful art, in which,
if he proceeds as he has done, he will have but few, if any,
rivals in this country. Washington should be proud of him,
and its men of wealth should take a pleasure in decorating
their mansions with the beautiful productions of his pencil. I
was surprised to find that the thre4. fin. iw I have men-
tioned, l.)etiuli r with the richly ,II Ir ro." wLli -.h contain
them, are marked at the very low 1-[|LC -d `J, jili. A man
of moderate means might, at such prices, be able to indulge
his taste and form a splendid gallery at a very small expense.
What has become of the historical paintings that were or-
dered to be executed, I understand, some three years ago, and
to be placed in the vacant pandi of the Rotundo'1 When
the statue of Washington, by Greenough, is erected in the
centre, and the negro image in bronze of Mr. Jefferson is re-
moved, these vacant panels will look more naked and dead
than they do now. One would suppose that a year or two
would be sufficient to enable the most dilatory artist to finish
a painting of the magnitude required, when the design was
decided upon. Mr. Chapman has completed his work far
some time, and he, I am told, had, as a preparatory step, to
visit England to ascertain the style of archilecture and cos-
tumes of the age in which the event he has commemorated iI
placed. After they are all completed and placed in their ap-
prpriate niches, the Rotundo wI .
at all seasons. Indeed, I shouldlk osei sda i
tinnal Gallery, into which it migtesl efreadit
which only the finest production fnlv rit hudb
admitted. ALVRO TH ATS
|,COt.UM]BIA ACADE ,Wahgt.
"IN my last publication, dated th t lio ttdla
.Lnever intended to give four das aaini ucsin
have long been convinced by expeecetathelogndf-
quent vacations are a sinful and Baeu at ftmadwl
calculated to encourage youth inilns n ikdes n
render teachers indolent,wohlsadi-net
None will gainsay the flct that hraefwpoesinwic
require more patiencer perseveranadmolcureadjug
ment, nay, more pride anti ambitiota h utvto fti
juvenile mind. Without these qualfctos omni rcnb
qualified for so imprataeain
No teacher has ever yet paid to uhttninoIl eab
lishment or to rthe moral and inelcalipoentfthe
committed to his care All instittosfr h ntutino ot
should bear about them an appearacofleniesndodor
der, which of itself will raise themrlfeig n nbebt
the teacherand tlhe scholar to perrmtirdywthcndee
and pleasure. How disgusting isteihtoasmlanlc-
tracted school-house, with an indoetadsoel eceea
mad to overflowing with idle and dsiae otgigadcm
ing when and where they please Iti usne ile ntw
or country, aiid nothing bnt familirywthtecolrcoie
any eommruntly to enuete og
Long experience has convinced m htyuhmgtebte
scholars, more healthy ard moraladi ulybtemeer
of society, hy the judicious eplyetoon-afheie
usually spent in schools, if place ne natv n nrei
system of education. Many exampe opoeti aecm


under my own notice. Ynutn of-botli sexes have cone to my
Academy who have spent six or seven years at other schools, un-
der the care of as many different teachers, who ought to have ob-
t tined as much information in one-third the time. In fac, infor-
mation obtained at schools wheata disorder and confu ion predomi-
nate cannot be called useful ; the idlenestand wickedness encour
aged there oly qualifies them to be worse members ofsociety.
As this is the age of reformation and improvement, surely ii
important department will not be overlooked by the proper
authorities.
I am well aware that it is difKiult for scholars to attend school
regularly and punctually, particularly while there are crowds of
tiuant boys (the children of respectable parents) at the c rner of
every street enticing the better sort away and persnadine them
into disobedience to their parents and teachers. Examples of
these d,'predations on the good order of society we have in our
own immediate neighborhood. A set ofthose half grown urchins,
over whom their parents seem to have lost all control, have erect-
ed a building or shanty on the large commons in the rear of the
Orphan Asylum, where they now make night hideous by their
carn0alS, and desecrate the Sabbath by the most extreme profani
ty and wickedness.
The materials fir this building were stolen from the garden
fences and other enclosures in the neighborhood, the brick from
the wall surrounding the family burying ground of General Van
Nesa, and my own property was made to contribute its share. In-
deed, they have resolved to make themselves comfortable for the
wint'.r. They have a stove, and plunder fuel wherever It may be
found; and, ae if to consummate the whole scheme of wickedness,
and to burlesque the better order of society, I am told that on
Sundjys ih~y nave piea.-hing there, when their establishment
is well amended by the children ofrespentable citizens, who think
(hem at school, and whose parents, I am sure, pay (butnot to me)
regular bills for tha tuition of their children ; and this daily before
;he eyes of our police and other authorities Why should our


L ,t in i.h,-u.,,,,,4 n-J,,et;ar.n..;...: ,pd IA stranger To the People of Allehany county, in the Com.- I failed majority would ha control of the bun to be othe Hou refusedto adjon.
o. g, ii.g ,, a C', ul,,ardly supplif... hw=,ad a sconorain Wash- iowat f'enyvna
-i-no -mi, In mowal of Pe-yvna TW N Y SE E T CON RdS or An. n Ai . And the question recurring on seconding the demand of
ingson -- C 'Mr. BARNARD said he did not wish to debate the mo- Mr. KING for the previous question-
As this house has now been standing and occupied in this man- rI L C rs oaqesino rer h an
nar fr fou or ive mnths we mst FppLsOW-CITIZEwNS:pbliI have-C TeEen:Icompelledompllnd my capacityy FIRST ESSINSESSION. hetitendd tolo he tongtennticethatif thaMr.B1DLAKgroeetootqueteothfaoreriTh tai
ner for fouroor five months, we must suppose it meets with public I mtio prvaiedhe wuldmov ha:thIcomitteepocednqestonmnewhcheherevousquetionwascaledwoudrb
approbation, and the only reasons that can be given for passing as your R representative in C ong ress, to perform a m ost pain-1 the-consideration of the b nu pt la w the motion o f hich lth e p revi ous to disc a rge the
so lghtly over te conduct of those wicked childrenmostbe.... ..aefo aprtn. ...... lrien .SATURDAYAUUST 7, 1841. 7Th S K T hgnt
grouyeso.hodw$a eclmton ta o nstil e t u~ttin aosprity fteion H oruse, onthem osuvt i,,orantds. .B eea osnt r O R W rmteCmite ,adteaedet rpse hrt ytecmiteo
.in m last comumncanon, I asserted that we b.adschoos in our measure of the present session. I refer to the'billentitled .tn, oris a l tHou eot s
ciy of long staring, t at were well known to. ce, sinksofpublic. An act .. corporate the subscribers to the Fitsial Bat. of Ok of I voRr. B `
morals and a disgrace to those having them in charge.Ofhs .,, .orewoleakm tht
c lass, th e nm ot p rom n d n h h e P i ou t th e U n cited S ta tes ," w h ic h h as th is d ay p passed t h e H o u se o f f d u ty l ate w a r w it GG ea t B t ai n, a n d m gis o or th a all S tate s a o n g of th e r o ns o f m o n e s a l
most interested, is that denominated the Western Free Shool. Representatives, ad now only requires the Executive sanc- Also, from citizens of the city and county of Philadelphia,ying t me te W
n This shool was established about thirty years, with an annual lion to become a law of the land. As my vote was given in asking that soda ish and bleaching powder be admitted free On motion of Mr. M. the bill, having been read twice by its Rule 125.)
ration in useful knowledge, good mora's, and habits ofindustry ; tie negative on the final passage oflhat bill, I consider it due oty. As those articles were excepted he would move to title, was rrefctorred to the Committee of the Whole and order- Mr. BOTTS. I call the gentleman to order. There is
lay the memorial on the table. ed to be printed.,osc rvsoni h il
but what has been the result I The money has been spent from to you, as my constituents, to state the reasons by which I The Senate then proceed e t T e prin te n taken
year to year, and the time of the youth consumed in improving have been influenced. The bill contains, in my humble of orderly Mr GEANT which having prevailed- oa the "i "ir.D g^^ The iue Dll proposed to be considered is
them in vice, inmmorality, and idleness: in this particular the trms- .jr.g-entatmanyl objec
tees and teachers have succeeded to admiration; for a more dis- judgment, many objectionable features, and is wanting in CALHOUN from a decision of the Chair that a motion to lay The House resolved itself into Committee of the Whole on Mr. BIDLACK. That is the bill There is no apo-
orderly, vulgar, and profane set of youth, as soon as they become those salutary checks and restrictions which the experience an appeal,)n the table was il order. the state of the Union, (Mr. TILLINGHAST, of Rhode Island, priation in it; but it proposes to repeal an act in relation to
f* e of that school, have seldom disgraced any community. of the last few years has clearly shown to be necessary for It thi Sniu e-stad e on
A S p r o o f o f th is le t fa c ts b e s t Le d to a c a n d id P u b lic th e p u b lic p r o te c tio n ; b u t a s m y o bj e c tio n s m a in ly a p p ly to s u e d in w h ic h M e s r C A C L O N V N M S R E N o e h t t e o m t e a e ut a h u e w i h I h v e d i m e a i e b t l i l
) In the year 1816, 1 erected the Central Academy in the im ta y o je to m i y a py to B RN T ISS W A L K E R C L A Y T O N B U ate bil|N o. Ito estab lish ta un eior m msystem eofr PupS .tcy to chi g Lpru e wUi- aio n e r d is i pera tve f t a i
m odiste neighborhood of he W eastern Free School. My school lNn- a prticuar cl clau I shall confine my remarks for the proe s- C HAN A ,L TIN K IN G, and h-t STa a rfmm wit h a of en"sroPmte og t in ol e. s ha be i reti on
increased rapidly, and in a short time became the largest and ent to it alone,. leain to some future opportunity a more ful Th q^""ueinws hnpt Shall the Chair be ustai, to the Hue^ fro the^ 'B Speldecttaenmet Committee on the CurnyWo iltu higapoprTiatio s of proneyading isno frelto
S m os t fl ourishin g that w as ever ia tha t p art of th e city At t h at ex pla n action r oe as fo llo w s : M r. B A R N A R D su p posed h eti m e bt th atain th p r tice fo e thec teamhte on the C u rr enyf t ho wiH o us etou ch ting Wappopritio of 6on ey a ndcti n t istl et f
time it was the practice for the teacher of the Western Free The clause referred to will be found in the 16th article of S-Nes rs. Clday, oofs Ketcy latn vns erc orler o ov t po a end that satid, Bthe a vetwol notie that thisouse ntapodet e dning tbolucigte approra i nation t ofterue
School to turn before I ndism is carse upon they lith secio, B i Miller, Mormead, Phelps, Simmons, Tallmadge-9. i tha motion was rejected, he would' move to take up the money. The amendment proposes a different mode of pay-

c ab fot o f I d emy and oaus, when they and Te directors of the said corporation shall establish one corn- NtAYS-Nessr,.oAllen, Archer, Barrow, Bayard, Benton, Her- bankrupt bill. lent, and is, i my opinion, expressl within the terms of the
collect in front of my academy and abuse myself, tear* ors, and h ietr ftesi opr
my scholars in the most shameful manner, singing the most ob ptent office of discount and deposit in any State in which two chanan, Calioun, Clay, of Alabama, Cuhbert, ulton, Graham, Mr. W. COST JOHNSON gave notice that he should rule to which I have referred Therefore the motion of my
sc e e nd ro a n s o g s u s t e ost v u g ar a m p o an es n n th o u sa n d sh a re s s h all h a v e b e e n su b sc rib ed o r m a y b e h e~ld, w h e n H en d e rso n K n L n M
scene and profane song s, use the m ost vulgar and profane lan- Roberts, sh r ss a lh v e n s b c i e rm y b i li h n e d r o ,K f i n c o e lM outon, N icholson, Pierce, m ov et tae t ta e up the D district ba tik bill colleague is n~ot in order C h i ov r u e the po n of* order."
gunge, throw bricks and stores into my yard, and make such hi- evr upon application of the Legislature of such State, Con- Prentiss, Wis, Sevier, Smith, of Connecticut, Smith, of Indi- Mr. CUSHING called for tellers on the motion of Mr BIDLAK. Then I appe l f the deciio 1
deous noise that we were frequently compelled to stop our classes gross may by law require the Some. And tie said directors may ana, Sturgimi, Tappan, Walker, Williams, Woodbury, Wright, SERGEANT; his(Mr C.)wishbeing hePaidoote against
w hen driven away they wou ld return w ith double ,i l e c T his a establish one or m ore co mp etentoffi ces of discount and depo- Y oung- 30. t m in order t hat to tote M r. B O T T S T he ge t e a from P enn s io (.
conduct was ri,-. I~ ,. l, .,! .s i .. .,a.1 T I he president of te board ste in any T erritory or D district of the United States, and in any T he nextquestion w as, w whether, after a subject had been consider ration of Ihe bank bll BIDLACK) t ally miss pf the am end -
o f tru s te e s .t,.. i..l-t1. .,,,A,*\ -. .). I inf' ,m e d h im, o f th eir S la te w it h th e a s s en t o f s u c h S t ole ; a rd w h e n e s ta b lish e t, la id o n th e h b l e th e m ot i on t o t ak e it u p w a s d eb h t a bl e M r FN 5R AD Oo bj e t t o n m ta B 1ou tA C)f to tally m s ap p reh end s t h e e xam ines o f the amsut-
total disregard of moral conduct, and remarked, at the time, that tire &d other or offices shall be only withdrawn or removed by Mr. CLAYmade aponit oodr otndn hti a of order ntil thi Chira had116 an ^ nou d the fact that th e nute o he willcertainly wihdra his apexalTes atmoend-
the scholars were no sol much to blame, but that the entire fault the said directors, prior to the expiration n of this charter, with the no lo aabe a n had caled M r B n re H o us w c hm irt an he n t d e not cea l thera w hi s appe a tionse for the
la y w ith th o s e h a i g th e m a n a g e m e n t o f th e m I as ke d h im (t ile p e n t o f C o n g re s s : P r o le d in re s p e ct to en v S ta te d g d a y w h e n a b o u t t o g i v e h i s r e a s o n s f o r t a k i n g u p aA non ou c eb d a d am e n t o e o a d he M T aro p risti o nys or t
president) why those scholars did not atttend school at an early which shall not, at the first session ofl the Legislaturebtaervnoyen b
hour in the morning and on Saturdays? He remarked that thie holdtater the passage of this act, by resolution or other usual document, foct- much as provided that no bapck note under a certain denomi-
,teacher had informed the trustees that the children had to stay at legislative proceeding, unconditionally assent or dissent to tire Mvr. KIRG contended that a Senator, under the rules, The House ordered tellers on the motion of Mr. SER(IEANT. nation should be offered in payment after a certain date.
home on Saturday to have their clothes prepared for the Sabbith, establishment of such office or offices within it, such assent of might, to alimited extent give his reasons for wishing to take Mr. ATHERTON, of New Hampshire, and Mr. CALVARY MOe- Mr. B1DLA CK. I understand the amendment in the
and in the morning they were required to work for their parents thsad State shall thereafter presumed: Andprovided,ne- P a paperthad tellers same sense as the gentleman from Virina Mr BOTT
I Publ s That whnvr it shall become necessary and proper, Mr.CLAY said ifthat rule were to prevail there would be [The confusion in the committee was hereaso great asPalmost doeses but I say that the rule is imperativetat'a lr proceed-
w o ald e an s we l re v e t t t hi s a r e s a w e rl p le f ho o d h to h av it i nt h e P u b li c fo r c a t y g in t o e x a t i o l o uv e r t h e p ~o w e r s g r a n t e d b y th e C an n o l i m i t t o d e ba te o n t h e s u b j e c t t o rr e v e n t a n y th i n g b e i ngr h ea r d ] i not ou c h i n g a p p r o p r i at i on s o < mo n es h lpel b e firiti t t o dbto
power to send their chi dren to school at all times;thatthis was w t ,

stitation,} ^ to e t b i h aCfi e o fi e n a y of. -^^^ th t t s M .C A T N s id i h oi n t a e up c u d b h u sinwas thS-oen take to the mut no fMr.e ta e R in-Com m iteea of theo W h ole;.
a plan of the teacher to rob the children of their precious timoene'd iwhatl eveadthe edhuty of thesad irecorsfo shallbeishesct ~ed y thw ebatedable, aliie wtnthntemointolyonhichadte preclaes8,nes8.udCSIN .Tegeteanfo enslanams
the Public of their money, while lie cou!d sauneabu heSresishlbetedtofltsaddrcostesalssuhofcthtalwihpeldddbtwudb ameenliy jthHosreuetotkoithbilireaintth aprhnstere.Teueishtblsofticaatr
enioy~ng a good salary at their expense. 1 also informed the pro. or ofcsacrigy"This question was also dbtda egh hnteSnt eelo h u-rauy.ms ot omte f(eWoe hsbl a eni
sident of what lie well know to be true, that at cue time I had I objected to the foregoing clause because- decided that it was not dbtbe ytefloigvtM.W .I WNmvdta h omttetk pcmite u eiet nwvlehrti usini
S t h o s e c o r p o r a t io n s c h o l a r s u n d e r m y c a r e i n t h e s a m e s c h oo l w i t h 1 I c o n s i d e r e d i t t o b e a p a l p a b l e v i o l a t i o n o f t h e C o n s t i- Y A s s r h r a r w a e B y r B r i n h e a e b l r v i i n o n f r y t m o a k u t e a a l
m y pay scholars- this was in 1812,d 13, and *14s th at my School tution of the U nise d States It was o dt nounc d onthe ChoaN ti t ,1 fns ro M angum M 0 tates. M r. B theC Seid bhll rathe tng for a prta
with the utmost regularity, both in the morning and on Saturdays, QUINC ADAMS, by the Hn. THOMAS F. MASHA) the Porter, Prestothe ap .
though these were the most distressing times that were ever able ardistinguished representative from Mr. Cay's own White, Woodbridge-
known in WashingtonImanyofte fathers ofthese children were district, (both of whom I am proud to say voted with me NAYS--Messrs.Allen, Ben t ar or ar d e ta a aont se o p
their in their e~uetry's service, our Navy Yard d destroyed, and all against the bill,) and so adm itted by other m em bers of the Cuth bert, Fult n i g i nM R b rs oton, N c os n
halfbuinsthe f year thattieitsupnddis easier toandraveltheoner dmilesbanowf thanat lattoensi uoaWhig party, Int wasmainviewedonbyofmyselfth owand otherstolamdObetoun-bSihefCnetct tren apn WleWobr, W.K N E Y fMrlnd ugse hta i o- M.C MBLL fSuhCrl ,rs oapito
squares then. Notwithstanding these difficulties, those s tIw ositschonmkngoeolhaoesrliesob rihYug1,lage MRNAL, h a oeipotn sin.ore.H e nesto osyta tegnlmnfo
tended regularly nd in decent order, nor was there ever a arn delegated to Congress by the Constitution dependent, for the The question then reverted to the original decision of the
plaint made that it was not convenient for them to attend school at pr ent, on the assent or dissent of the State Legislatures Chair, that the motion to lay the motion to print on the table t b b gv o h B aside fo r t h e 8e ^ S"- ueto but had n ben r emoti on by the p r .
an early hour in the morning; no, no ; their parents were glad of unconstitutional in assuming the right of Congress to giant carridI the subject with it, on which Mr. BENTON had appeal- se The House had not been reni ned oth er
the opportunity to send thmn tot I school. I asked the president if pawvrs and privileges to the States, and to revoke said grant ed. After some considerable discussion, the following Was
these stubborn facts did not give the lie direct to the assertion of at pleasure ; and unconstitutional in assuming the right to put on record: c n te bime on was laid asid e. to, rio n s. The gentleman from
heir unprincipled teacher: this he acknowleged, I told him that repeal an act of State legislation superinducedt -y the ,nvi.>- The n m n 1 th Snt t ant the bT. i, tby enera cuons thenmotion fsidrast at he ntl
T h e"Pr e s id e n tfp ro nemp o G eoan n oan(dr .,K INhG)Se ndemth a tdth eeTh ee vit iun t h e ntre c.
for early arid regualr attendance, good conduct, anti rapid im- lion of the Congress offthP Unte States."tP'?~~nued- h ent ht h question rasdbtheeatrfrn .sui(r iN ddnt r%.A. n recnrred by Mr. W.W.IRIoN, fis umthte GeriMr. BO T.IsG a oe the gent eman inousr Themtion.
provement, 1 never had better scholars under my care than the Q. I considered bed aiotion thv in of f t he o p y C p e ly ar ito n of has lleagu (Mr. b S cnd r by th e preBous Is he been p n crried.
corporation scholars; they iustly merited and received premiumst- thhb rl tereeileeral Stateso byeeconsideo daoot eabl rt peutinsbepgll
at my public examinations as well as my pay scholars. He ob- Executive or eiher branch L eg iar o f a State as "' I''' O t I- "*c ded. An th decsio atd on theougurut t Mr. States. st it.
s e r v e d t h a t th e s a m e s y s te m w o u ld p r o d u c e s im ila r i e s u lts o n th e Eeq u tival e t o r e n ate r b ra n c h of t ae L e g is la tu r e o ,f a S ta te a s _' la. 1 d e c id e d .A n d b e e d e o n t la t e d to n t )oir M r B O T T S I t it e c ri a n d b y a l a Bg e u m r
scholars of the Western Free School; and though he has stood at s Ioen forms and i "c t, leisribed by dlr.-., .BA rDM Ahe 'an'de May s atsreaa
the head of the board of trustees for many years, yet we ste no So e ibed by !,,. -..e" ded as a general parliamentary rule, but was founded on the A nd he question being taen by aye 87, noe s the joritye
reformationnot even an attempt tade jUStiCe(oneloihose I1'11b"'-, peculiar state ofthe question, greed to.
ch ild ren of th e poor by tie in trod uc tio n fa p rop er sysrst- n ofe d, a 1 r ,g,,)e red it in s i ntlalateng t o tth oe e ier eiag nty ow et ts m: a tte r fcur eaidt
cation for the promotion of mhirmoral vtre. Not no; but tb, and"totirePeople"othe "Si-thrn matter of coarse, and the^nt
are placed in a sitoat;on wi4ere they can improve atpdly in their d o 'e Byieig t term The Navy Pension Bill was then read a third Lime and Whereupon M r. BIG sgt t i be li asid M AMPBELL. M p o o i t. I w it
inramnseonuctbyime, racii'- ndenenrapdyinm thei .ari prvsoso o clause, you will find that, whilst it re- -WeruoM.BR GSsgstdtaitbladsde r.C PEL. yponofrdrsti: wiht
infamtous c conductt by time, practi,, c, arid eneomragemu rt, cgnsp ,.- I assed. f rt ep ee t y g n rlc n e t i r e ,a h e ot r ob n esod n oh v h eii n o h n a e p
While .!.6e sholiarg were under ily orl, I well know th.- Ilie propriety, or policy, or expediency, oricalltituwhat And to t( r ,a e pt tb n s d dl a t d snnS a u
had not the advantages .f weanI I vU" may, ofollimng the assent of the States to thee estab. _,_ ___ _____ understood, that the committee might Proceed to dispose of on it; that, inasmuch as the gentleman fron Georgia (Mr.
in liat," (treod te [ t varce them lishment of branches within their borders, it imposes dcgra- the bill in relation to the repeal of the Sub-Treasury.) KING) acquiesced in all the proceedings which look place
such in",uonner as i" the ost to employ their time nding terms and restrictions as to the mode and time in which HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
lb., ,hrib e dona them that full valuefor everydolr ofnthat assent shall be given. It assumes the right to presume The Journal of yesterday was read and approved. Mr. BRIGGS said he would then move to reconsider the ker being called to it by the gentleman from Virginia, (Mr.
And Ichat. be t ha t witsolatised of s for that benelf the assentof each Sate from the silence of its Legislature- On leave given, Mr. BRIGGS, from the Committee on the vote raisedhe bll was taken BOTTS,) therefore the motion is not to be regarded as having
and ily teachers received the prayers ...i ... parents and thy e from the disagreement of its Legislature--against the dissent Post Office ard Post Roads reported a b i c naki ng noSr on persona l desire d to press t his b i ,o th atte of meely in the H oute, but
thanks of the neighborhood for thea reformation we had made in fits Legislature, unless that dissent should be uncondi- nations tor the Auditor's office of the Post Offic t he o m it ee ter s o n g. He to regarded i t at a mea- T he lP ght o ver sat ion.
them. tlonal- from the veto of a State Executive, in case both The bill was read twice by its title ; and on motion of M r' tse cofmitt imp ort n ing.a H had reght it as a ter- Mr. S P BE LL ov e aled th e r aointf order.
My chief object in these commnnications is to call the attention Houses of the Legislature Should declare its solemn determi- B Was referrd to the Committee of the Whole on the state
of the Public to the impoiiTions practised upon them by the man nation Got to permit the establishment of branches within its of the Union ; and the letter from the Auditor's Department fore, to move that it be taken up. If, however, a majority lion between Mr. TURNEY and the SPEAKER, theques-
agement ofa public school, which has been creoed and is con- territory-and against the veto of such Executive, in case accompanying the bill, was ordered to be printed ( esire as he up the it woul n occe a n waker,
tin ned b y th e ir o w n c h aritab le ddo i In m y n ex t p u b lica ion th e L eg isla tive b o d y sh o u ld asset n t. A n d w h o a re to p ro n o u n ce B y g e n ea l t n t m em oria l s w ere pres en t ed b y th e fo l- g r e atel hen thrifati m eonutd ed b ea t in wyo s d of b y u p bnda ny ,)A ridpthea kuesti o
I shall try to show more fully the character of the teacher and the on this question of assent or di.-sent I Who are to decide lowing gentlemen, and were appropriate referred he was pe will und te genra ud erstanding An-
m an ag em ent of this W western F ree School. say try ; bec abuse 1 w h at sh all be considered the u ncon d ition al assen t or d is- M cKE O o N o w an cos of the Sa k r p bill rtat dit s l.an;
know it ig impossible to give a true descriptionQf that rendezvous sent" to the establishment of branches'; Not the State Mr. BOARDMAN, of Connecticut This gentleman
of iniquity. Courts ; not the United States Courts; not Congress; not presented a memorial, signed by a large number of the citizens ,,,, "p ,fte, the other had been disposed of, that it be now dered, and, being taken, were as follows:
And I now inform those trustees wi whom I once acted, t he President ; not any Department of the Federal Gov- of New York, in favor of a bankrupt law. M MA R Y ted. A AS ersAn
(three f w he a ret reat in ch I have ot srk ernment ; not the Executive, nor any of the constituted w t, Baker, Barnard, Barton, Birdseye, Black, Bltir,
m y jitg, raised tile siege, or retreated one inch. I ha ve only de- F IS C A A K R G St o
played in order to be better prepay oedlfrom materials of their own aou horities of the States. W hat tribunal, then, is to judge, M r. R AN D OLPH from ti e Com mittee on Enrolled Bills, che r the voteo B urnell, Calho n, Wil ts, B C am Cr uhso Cil ds, Brown
Ifirilibing, that I might tbe more successfully cannonade that in- decide, and pronounce upon this question 1 Will it be be- repored that thesaid committee hadexamined theact to in- Mr. WILLIAMS, of Maryland, Sumte to th Chi Brndel, Jh .Clarko Staleya N. C~mlarke, Cowutens hi, Cran ton Ua
famous garrison, fro nt, rear, and centre. Their publications and lived that the directors of this banking corporation, seated corporate the subscribers t fto i k of th e n i Stat, thao the C haer de rs, G arret D avi Deb e y Jn Edar ds, Eve r, Cra n den,
mine will appear before the bar of public opinion, and I request at the city of W ashington, constitute the tribunal which is to and had found th e s to e co e M r, PI K N dele d no he to ne ver ta ote. vi-ns Aa wre nce Poser Gabn E d dings, G ge P G .
those who have so long and so loudly com plained of the's nuisance, 9it in judgm ent on an act of th e L legislature ofa sovereign T he b a t her upn sige b tire M r. a de r at of a nev e e T h G oo e, A. a rence H all, Ha le, Wind in a, H era),
and whose frequent letters are now in my possession on this its- State I So says the bill T here it stands recorded. Am H owd, Green Jaes Hall Wlliam % ,, -ii, Henry,
portent subect, to watch the puulicati ns of both parties-for ei- I wrong in saying all this is offensive to ths pride and dignity SUB-TREASURY LAW. committee might, by tha vote of a majority, lay aside a bi 11 H
their the managers of this school or myself have published the of every sovereign State of this Union 1 But this is not all. Mr. SERGEANT moved that the House resolve itstlfinto but as to the reconiidering a vote in committee, he had never John P. Kennedy, King, Lane, Lawrence, Linn, Samson Mason,
most infamous falsehoods-and let the guilty be branded dwith After subjecting the States to this, as I conceive, most humil Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, with a heard of it. Morrow, Osborne, Mwel, Pend, Powe Benjan
to public view, and let the imprecations of the present and future sent, it is all to pass for naugh.Yuwl bev ntelt mnmnsfo h eetCmiteo hsHue ee sd iiSi _,,l~d iotn mt.~n. tkly
Holding nyolf responsible for that may appear in those 'er part of the foregoing clause, that the eight is reservejto tfa d on te suec of the currency,) being a bill Tire SPEAKER said it was, ,, a1 i.,--:, i,-.!.' ra, Talifrro, John B. It. -. r., Richard
, rslieaiobns, and all that 1 h va written on this important ruliject Congress to nullify and repeal the act o fState 1-.2i I i hI to repeal the act commonly called the Sub-1reasury law. Mr, BRIGGS then withdrew the motion to reconsider, and
Holdsinging yonnm oteIsal nn threeo se an. mae in prs.,nr.of:..ro.,sibs-ontinedfithi., Ttomlinson, wTvedmbhumotioUndrrt
and signing my own name to them, I shall not recognize any made in pursuance of the provisions contained in this 'it y l. Air." S. ""' wave he motion for the moment, at the request moved to lay the bill aside. wood, Van 11t-i.. i-2. -, %% .!,i. o, Washington, Joseph L. White,
anonymous communication on the subject, but shall ever hold 4. I considered this clause to be unnecessary to the accom- of the Speaker. After some conversation, the motion was taken by tellers, Thomas W. Williams, Lewis Williams, Winthrop, Yorke, Angus-
myselfrendy to meet before the Public, one or more of the trus plishment of any of the avowed objects of the institution and The SPEAKER laid before the Iouse certain parcels of (Messrs. BOARDMAN and PICKENS Meting,) on the motion that ins Young, John Ycung-105.
tees, who dare, or will attempt to relute the truth of what I have perilous to its safety, and therefore inexpedient, testimony inBoy the V.tBelcne ahlras d e e oy seBus seSaanen
said. 5, I considered.it to be without precedent, and an anomaly of Virginia; which, But no quorum voted.
I am largely indebted to the Trustess of the Western Free in legislation. You may search in vain for any statute or On mo"tion of Mr.* WISE, were referred to the Committee Mr. PROFFITr moved that the committee rise and report HBuler, Wine1. Bm utler, William 0. Butler, Green W. Caldwell,
School, and I assure them that I shall pay them the debt and cost. charter containing a similar provision. As an untried ex- on Elections. that fact to the House. Patrick C Caldwell, J.Campbell, Cary, Chapman, Cliff rd,
And that csnlemptibe mob wich met at the Western Free peditnt," it could not meet the favor of those who have de- The SPEAKER also laid before the House a message Mr. MORGAN called upon the Chairman to count the Clinton, Coles, CrosseDaniel, RdD. IDavis, W o. C. Dawson,
School on the 10th of January 1834, where I was called to prove nnced all experiments" on the currency. from the President ofthe United States, transmitting a report House. There was evidently a quorum present, but gent l oyd, a Charls A.rnlayer n oornancI the, crr t
the heavy charge that I published against the trustees and teh 6 consider it impoltc because it throws aside the romthe several ExecutiveDepartments, compliance w a men did not vote G
er of that school, shullnnot he forgotten ; nor shall I overlook that reoluionod hisHouerfoteectioulynreuesine"rpliteodM byBRIGheopeSthpChirmoulCsaisythmsefowthehorrHrrslohnHaoingoHlmehopknsHoukeouson
vulgar ud ridiculous com m unication w hich th e Secretary of tthe formeld of p ro t heti o un d f interposed by the S uprem e C court to the o theoffi cers of th e G o vernm ent wh der eque ir ap in t a M r. B w as [,red et o r n ot. sat,:f F w 1h. Ja ck, John s on Jo h n W. Jo n s, K rim, A ndrew
Board of Trustees sent to the Mayor and City Council after Ipb fre lno iegon ft en icsayadpo
wished my pamphlet, which was signed in three places by the iix frer fort carrying into execution the powers delegated by the "fro the nomination of thePresidentand theconcurrence of Mr. PROFFIT called Mr. BRIGGS to order. Kennedy, Lewts, Littlefiold, Loweil, Abraham McClellan, Rent.
trustees, dated June 23, 1832. Constitution." This clause would seem to claim the right of Ihe Senate, who have been removed from offce since the The committee was in a state of great confusion. hIoellan, McKay, Mbleory, Marchand, A. Marshall, Mhtaews,
In 1835, through tie columns of the Washington Mirror, (then establishing the institution, irrespective of such necesity- 4lh of Match last; denoting in such list their names and The CHAIRMAN said there was evidently, in the opin- Medill, M8riwetlri r, Newhard, Nisbet, Oliver, Parmenter, Par-
published here,) 1 made some severe remarks on the manage- thus unnecessarily furnishing a new bone of contention grades and dates ot their removals, and the persons appoint- ion of the Chair, a quorum present. t i ],. Pearce, Pickens, Plumer, Promt, Rayner, Reding, Rhett,
meant of the Western Free School, and proposed some questions amongst the People. "ed in their places. Also, a like list ot the names of thoe Several voices. The chairman has no right to set up his ,. rr :, it c, Saney, Tuney, Van e, War,
to tire President ofthe Boiard of Trustees over my own signature. Lastly. The clause did not meet the approbation ofa ma- whose terms of service being limited to four years were not opinion.
I soon f,)undl that our city was bleased--or, peitraps, I should say jirity of either House. It was inserted in the bill, in the 11renominated to the Senate, arid a like list of the names of The CHAIRMAN. The question will betaken again. Warren, % ,'-' ,. ,~ i a n, N r Wetboo, E. D. White, Jalmes
cured-with one of those" lickspittles," who at all times may be Senatey by a majority of one vote, and this by the voluntary those nominated in their places. Also, the names of all Mr. SNYDER. Is it in order to move to adjourn I W. Williams, C. H. Williams, Wood-101.
hired for b e pinclt of nuff, or a no of the he'ad, absence of a Senator of Mississippi, (Mr. HENDERSON,) who officers removed, under similar circumstances, from tie 4th The CHAIRMAN being about to count the committee- So the House determined that the main question should be
to awn around, and lick the foot of the wealthy and the great avowed, on the floor of the Senate, that, if present, he of March, 1829, to 4h March, 1841." The CHAIRMAN. Not i Committee now taken.
One f the individu alsu de tli ca mo t so a would have voted aist the amendment, and that he al- On motion of Mr. BRIGGS, the message and accompany Mr. PICKENS Said, I thought it had been announced by Mr. GAVE JOHNSON asked the yeas aad nays there-
resident from thilecharges I hadum ae wis a c et i n a In g documents were laid on the table, and ordered to be the Chair that there was no quorum. on; which were ordered.
communication over the signature of Justitia," with a heteroge- sented himself purposely, to avoid that necessity. When Mr. .n d
neous fumble of half organized and disjointed ideas, which only ADAMS moved, in the House, to strike out this clause, it was printed. TheCHAIRMAN. Tbereisa quorum present. Mr. J. G. FLOYD moved to lay the motion of Mr. SER-
served to show to the people of Washington that ignorance and retained in the bill by less than a majority of the members of The SPEAKER also laid before the I-ouse the following Several voices. The Chair has no right now to decide GEANT on the table, but withdrew it.
0..-;.i-. could n. t always be covered with impudence. He that body then present. When Mr. ADAMS, Mr. MARSHALL, communication from the Postmaster General: tat point. The committee must rise, and report the fact. Mr. SNYDER renewed the motion, but did not perHMt
-..1-1.l to by one signing himself Homo." A short extract from and others pronounced the clause unconstitutional, there wuas POST OFic DEPARTMENT AVGSST 6, 1841 Mr. PROFFIT. Ifthe Chairman sets aside the vote just in it.
Homo' communication will show to the Public that lhe possessed, no one who ventured to assert its constitutionality. When SIR : In obedience to the resolution of the House of Represeu. taken, I aeal from the decision, and I will reduce my point And the main question, being on the motion of Mr. SER-
in an eminent degree, the gift of prophecy: Such is the vanity an able member from Indiana (Mr. PROFFIT) denied that a taties of the 3d instant, I have tie honor to SLate that le f order to writing.
of this puerile driveller, meaning Justitia, that as soon as he had Whig upon the floor could rise and defend the clause upon ern mail usually arrives at Washington by 5 P. M., and at Bahi- of the Union fron the further consideration ofthe said hill, as
concocted hIs deformed bantling" for publication," he exhibited principle, not a man ventured to meet that issue, more by 8 in the (.- 11:.,,: *l.,.:-^ it remains until taken on by lhe Which motion having been agreed to, the committee rose, proposed to be amended by the select committee ofrtbe House,
it to several, in order that its I ... ..*' ;, i- AI ie known, The Nor must I be reproached, fellow-citizens, with sitting by great mail line fro..i \ .......i3 which passes through that c y and the Chairman reported that the committee had had under was then taken.
truth is, hle fancied, on his ard. l, hV. ' % .---.,-.-,, he would write in silence without an effort to prevent the insertion of this between 8 and 9 in the morning. Between ltimore and consideration the state of tie Union generally, and especially Before the vote was announced-
himselfualin, but, likeDogberry, lihasailreadysucceeded ni claue but struggled in vain to get the floor, Philadelphia the mail is carried o he railroad twice a day fro th bill to establish a uniform System of bankruptcy, and Mr. ADAMS rose and said that e was not within the
-rI.;ng to s efo doe an anim- a diwor en ut lsp eies. H pve !_wishchat s trug lspak in my Pavedthe seutieent o s t nniwdb hd v i
ed to pais toad of the oan cl he was worth but oifis leffor pwroed gpe t.o.Tetiepec p .a eouino '"" '"'''L ^"u, *." aes natr eealvie.Rpr hefcrpr h acteewssn wyh i o oe
ohv, wiuthersand lioflohrcutrettepbi il"*",aantwihlvtd o eaeo the hill, exal he wa>si mad4ei uhp aferoo ped D<-Pelren expe ooum yThe SPEAKER. prsrie by no rinuto order. :.....
oail wi th rasanikalothe r counter."Nwfe laeits fohe public wil uel ntol yslHoumsetesrmpricpto i h o ragaihinstc"md nMac M wsbsdREE LO HESBT EAU Y n tevt aste nnucd s olw
naige how ftr the rounter.so Nom, we lerae itfor the tpubeich thi o c eludedcmhno hi odoqetinuonte ceulutno u.'Tatcnratnpie poyhe M.SEG ATmynroesadevelhtfh o -butMss manrAle, .J AdesAnld y
utter of"Justitia," have proved to be tre. The real name of this the motives which led to the adoption of this rule. 1 merely 1st day of April last, and the alodC payathttire mteofheW lenteSatofheU onbdscrgd r-.BkrBnrBroBrdyBakliBara,
J u -it a s nL -s.h" a? p ers nag th a M r H ug M e -- S o m m en io it~ as m y" ap olgy^ t o y ou for rem a mn in g silen t o n th is fused to renew i t, unles s the D epartm en w o l d i p n e w t lh l f o t e n s er i n o f h S a e h ll N 1 b in a b ll 1 .. B g s, rc k y B n o M l n l w C l ou W.
time after this affair he left our city, ;bow he left, tie records of vital question, in which you, my constituents, are so deeply part of the service which forcedtemoru hnit-alii nrltonoterpalftesbTear iodetotsBCmblCruea hld Otedn ]C.lrkS.NJ
oar courts will more fully show. But I am told he has again re- interested. [ was one of those, too, who voted ior the pro- ttat leaves Philadelphia at t A.Madwih cointolehi tke nteHue1 *" "ourt ,) oeCrsoCavsG Dvs ebryJhJ
turned and taken up hIs residence in the District--if Eo tire pea- position of Mr. AD*MS to strike out this cla use, and for other terms of tbe contract, had ben icmulsieteliho e Cisof" edareT"EwrsE rtPtedn iloe .Lwece otrl
p Suchbeo thei cha-racter o most anonymous writers, who are bt hedtemiaion to^ '~ ^ ^ ^oter^ dow all aaskeddent hes sot and naysr on sthnou resisonc on ^^
r1moty tetol fohers l ^ ^ S ^ .ut"s^vlydnln otcn n igdyat~d y th msJority, that a bill^ of fort Peers-- as-- thery silage, to' their great
repsy tomy ecosue ove f rsatahe m naemento hefe scoos un- p assedth e ous aS e auit c0ame wisttl!s ftatosreomedig ndsnc hecthe M Senateth pekr obrn eHuswoithout ogaMosMrrwOsoneO ay 'ecle
JOHNe McLEOD, Principal, lion ortamend*menti snl "^ feaue sent* >enlrce, wo)rd.,or le*t- meneement of the Company's service as now rendered, lhe De- dler. AdIoethprvu usinonheoinofbepwlKmy BRnal adlpigaRdeR -
Fahg orn, l Aug ust e S, 1841-3 stern__Free__Shool. letsar An c den withoughth a mprlel det pfee erhpint e hstr )at en Sthern io ain endbeowaddimeivored tM.o cosnite oth paerta temton ukly taloSurt un~rTliiroJ .Thmsn
Hahigtn *A1ug.-Th ubscrbe ha, on841--a3nm of s le gisnlain.ru' A" i": eviduoi otisacs t ria tBlioe nd altorg ttis pmendment proposed wer whie thn Sotfr mai. SERGuAN ba o nodr t .fiipoTligat oad ooisn rpei
-'^ dOidCar--riagesubsetc herwl hasps ofn a r easnd a blner of pcea- without Ihe opportunity afforded for a word of explanation, puny, who are as well lhe V..oreosolesemot steri- TeSEK Rdcde httemto'aonodr, blUdroJ a eseaeWlae .L htTW
fr cadh Herremgens, wi p ersn w ho d ispos to atrceasonbe t ogies Nor wasthe poor privilege accorded to a member of showing road lines between the citiesofBliaranPildphto M.IC ES stequtonebal' ilas,.WlimWnhoWi, Vrk AYugJh
him a cashl befrecotmend buyersonswhere h oprcaetog his constituents how he voted onscaedet Tebilcagtehorfteibotdpruefo3to8PM.ado- TeSE K Rsdeig qsinofroiyofui-Y n-t.
His assortment consists of one splendid Coach, one Barouche, passedl from the Committee of the Whole into the House ; the feting to pay the additional expensofakntle ai oad s twsnt .NASMsr.rngnthrn BnHeotila,
one fancy Carryall, one Buggy Wagon with B top, and several previous question was immediately orslcred, and thus the vote from the boats. This offer wsdcieuls h eatet s{ K'RSI sama tiolnr rrpif odn ooByC rwBre unlSmsnH
second-handed ;ali of which will be sold low for cash. by yeas and nays on the amendments was entirely cut off. would consent to pay one toandlarpemnhfrtisn- M A A S Deshe MEM ecd.tate u-BteWliaBteW..BierG.W Cdwl P .
N. B. All orders will be promptly attended to, at his old stand, Amongst other amendments, 1 may mention one offered by creased tscility. t- odbtbe pae eieta h usc el ay hpaCifrCitnCls rs.a
on Maine street, or at his stand in the rear of Gadsby's Hotel, Penn- myself, which was promptly rejected, but the mere perusal of The! act el January 25, 1839, iistehgetcm~s'o rpp A P il -D w'/ **DwoD~^DmcDaDi(
july 2--1--t-- JO--N--.-- OUN- -. "Andit shall be the dnty of the directors of the Bank at the der the circumstances, would, in my pnob apbeeavtn' .GclGroGaaGsie aesaHriJ
fully informs his friends and puttees that, after a lapse of newspapers printed in said city, all orders for any increase or nation. But ha.d no legaltobjecto xseteadloa a e M.A A S pelfo h eiino h hi htgrol ak ila otJhsn aeJlan onW
five years, he bas resumed the proprietorship of the CITY He- curtailment of discounts. And it shlall also be tne duty of the mauided would have increased thecmesto pnti ol hsoeiini o eaal oeKiAde endLws iteilLwlA
ToseiE cml, eorerilh xtdorahwllaatsinesophsared neither painsfalth ots rbil d onteoror expicphaesn.sdfi imlr evie pn n rue in puthn t,., getttdt he kloep a*"ea book, ontaining a list o. FMasall, Mthews note ,lrl bills..,-.NwhrNib
been thoroughly cleaned and painted, the halls flagged with mar- offered for discount at said office, setting forth the names of all the nation, and which tho ude fteDprmni hi r lt M FLE kt pps, rmniobcue"iePamnePrrde iknPot ~nt fig
ble, the parlors~and chatnber i refurnished, and the entire estab- Parties to said notes or bills, whether as makers, drawers, aceep- condition, would not justify. r .fM.WK hK.1 stoeexudfomvtnbcs ^ ,,Rei igRgeRoselSfoSa lr,
lishment theoreo, hie reorganized. The subscriber thmefiere hones. !ors, or. endo-sers ; which book .siat.l be at all tines open to the The hone oeei o bnoetitteueetcnrc ,T^,^ ... . Siw ld.** *^ ,rpSeno) wny uny a


-- .- -1 .. -- -.1 1 ~ . --'-1..... 1 ----.--I - M r. t .-
by his long experience in the business and untiring exertions to si"dBk" s of a committee of such number of the stack.holdre d cfmpni a i ir decision, or that anot er channel of BOT S rose, e said, question of order. When -
please, to merit and receive that liberal share of patronage here- said Batik. as". be the holders, :. ... i hundred ,,municatio'n may be obtained, which will secure tlie desired KING) roseand addressed W. Williams, C. H. Williams, Wood-103.
tofore extended to him-it being the aim of himself and those in shares of s capital stork. And n ..,It .,_ ,c...,, s service. th Chair, requesting that order might be restored, be was t Whole n the state of the Union
his employ to make t. City Hotel not only the traveller's home, asards any of the transaction. P.6 any of its This Department possesses no power to coerce these companies recognised by the Speaker, and, before taking his seat, he So the Coma r t
but also a place of real enjoyment. DAVID BARNUM, branches,shall beimposed oa any director, officer, clerk, oragent to perform mail service in such manner as lhe public interests submitted a listincL proposition, in order, for the previous was discharged from the further consideran othe said bill.
july 27-7t Baltimore. thereof." may require, and I can only repeat (he suggestions contained in question, The Chair did not submit the question to the Some further disrusalon followed, o npo n in
D MINISTRHT .o shI 'ra TORe s of the wor- fellow-citijzens, on the subject of secret associations, surely of the present session, that the relations between these companies was a general understanding that there would be no debate. AMS, and the SPEAKER participated; but no proceedings
C hipfui the Justices of the Orphans' Court for Baltimore there is no honest man of any party among you who would and the Department are well worthy the attention of Congress.
County, in the State of Maryland, the undersigned administrator desireCtriee af i"titutiowashino bsthh tererostitdingrter weare thd tnorrton.
wil sllat ubicautio a l. delin o th lteJa es e ere to see an institution, which by the terms of its charter I have the honor to be, air, your obiedient servant, r O T hnrqetdta h pae ol u And the Senate bill No. 1, to repeal the act o'mmonly
ICormick, Jr. deceased, on New Jersev avenue, first square south is declared to be the Treasury of the United States, envelop. To th Hon JOH WHT Spae Hous GRersnatives. the quetion on the mation of the gentleman from Georgia. knona h u-rauylw ihteBonmn*po
fof the Capitol, on Wednesday, the I Ith day of \ t- A, at 10 e" in secresy and mystery, and thus shielded not merely from Mr. KING. I did distinctly make the motion for the pre- posed to the said bill by the select committee appointed by
o'clock A. M. a part of the personal estate of *..: ,, c t0 wholesome influence of public opinion, but even from the The communication was laid on the table, and ordered to vious question this House, on the currency, being now under considers-
o'cloc A. M a patofth persoai esate n "h.:,J~c ...... I, cn-hth whoEeomeRiflueneCohaibridipiniotbutevendrorsthaThetommuncatio
sisting of household and kitchen furniture, viz. scrutiny of those having their pecuniary interests and rights be printed. Mr. PEEAKER of Chair did n s e dt-e
Tables, chairs, beds, bedding, carpets, &c. of property involved. The question then recurred on the motion of Mr. SEGENT gentleman. d the door,
Also one very superior piano forte My fellow-citizens, I have stated to you, frankly, the rea- that the House resolve itself into Committee of the Whole Mr. BOTTS. The gentleman did distinctly make that went into a speech in detail, in reply to that made by his col
Splendid mirrors, dinner set, plate, &c. sons and considerations which decided my vote on this met- on the state of the Union. motion league, (Mr. MASON,) which he quoted as he proeee.
The terms of sale tre : All sums under fifty dollars, cash ; over sure. I did vote against the bill--most painfully, most re- Mr. W. C. JOHNSON was willing, le said, to vote in r, renecreng to
that amount a credit of six monthswihecurty, luctantly. I could not vote for it, according to my construe- favor of the motion ; but it would be with the hope, if it ing the motion for the previous question. thi the te i Maryand
JOHN P. McCORMICK, lion of the Constitution, without violating that sacred instru- should prevail, that the committee would take up the District Mr. ADAMS. I heard a motion to adjourn from some Mr. J. T. MASON replied with somewormih. rea"fining
Adm inistrator ment. If I have incurred your displeasure, it will be to me bank bill, or some bill other than that relating to the repeat of member, and a call for
july30-eod&ds Auctioneers. the source of deep and lasting mortification. But it is better, the sub-Treasury law. become of that motion speech.
far better, thus, than to encounter the upbraidings of my own Mr. BARNARD said if the motion to go into committee The SPEAKER. A motion to adjourn was made, but it
eMI ePAE NT. A gaut faN o rUthenClege Cdesre o b lonscim tene. rIfrrinht of my j udg yent, mistall kenriecnsole-prevailledrELER hewonorernwuldOO modoun- M.veRO, theatrk theadesedtecOUH
ti itaion.--Aher asdupiate ofut orther a n eedst rsctor n ob-ljdgetio ndfro inhempeforma idnce of m dthe Ievisthatkayen sin ,Myrutbl. M LOYsbitdt h pae htalti etIi poi o otebl.m ie n pk
Itrealenacstademy.eitheras beepriv a gedtto r ninstrnctigor itn aml u dgment, quedtinnmwaforeb do-ngr.ofHtheDeviookthat moyrensueeM@
tobr ofyearsanaewdE ny.gela end endgattedinuth, andhill forwardum-I shall rejoice in the rejection that my vote was unnecessary dissussion was out ofodrThSPA E.Iis
testimonials of his qualifications, experience, success, &e. to any to the success of the bill, and that I did not defeat a measure balable. Mr.WELLER. I then move that the House adjourn. dung the hour in opposition, Lyenerblly. to ti '. a es
one who way be wishing to employ a teacher. A line dressed Of Public utility- WILLIAM W. IRWN. The SPEAKER said te motion was not debatable. The Mr. LEWIS WILLIAMS asked the lea and nay
post paid, to L. M.N,, Alexandria, D.C. will receive immediate HALL OF THE HOUSE oF REPRESENTATITES, ue lion would be put simply on going into Committee of the which were ordered, sad, being taken, were-Ysas 85, e.a se ceived fro mata lC.aio o will1 re i L F s
attention, aug6-eolw Washington City, Aug. 6,1841, Whole on the state of the Union; and, if that motion pre- Bays 118.












House that that body had passed the Navy Pension bill, with
an amendment, and asking the concurrence of this House
therein.
Mr. PICKENS obtained the floor, but yielded it for the
moment, when
Mr. FILLMORE moved that the bills lying on the Speak.
or's table be taken up on their first and second reading, and
referred to their appropriate committees; which motion having
been agreed to-
The bill making appropriations for various fortifications,
for ordnance, and for preventing and suppressing Indian
hostilities, which had been sent from the Senate with certain
amendments, was taken up and referred to the Committee of
Ways and Means.
The bill to provide for the payment of Nasy pensions,
above referred to, was taken up and referred to the Committee
on Naval Affairs.
On motion of Mr. UNDERWOOD, the bill to revive and
extend the charters of the banks in the District of Columbia
'was taken up, read twice by its title, and referred to the Com-
Inittee for the District of Columbia.
Mr. ADAMS, on leave, presented a petition from numerous
stonecutters and others, formerly employed on the public
buildings, and discharged in consequence of a suspension of
the works, asking relief; which was referred to the Commit-
tee of Ways and Means.
Mr. UNDERWOOD, from the Committee for the Dis-
trict of Columbia, to whom had been referred the subject of
lighting the Hall with gas, made a report thereon, accompa-
nied by a resolution; both of which were, on his motion, or-
dered to lie on the table and be printed.
And then the House adjourned.

1:! We regret to hear that the Hon. S. M. GATES, of
New York, has been detained several days past from the
House by reason of some indisposition, from which we are
happy to learn he is now recovering. We are authorize] to
state that Mr. G. would have votd for the Fiscal Bank Bill
had he been able to be in the House.

CIVIL& MILITARY AQUATIC EXCURSION.
The MECHANICAL RIFLEMEN, having en-
Q N gaged the safe and commodious steamer COLUMBIA,
respectfully inform the Public that they intend giving a pleasure
excursion on Tuesday evening, next, the 10th inst. The boat will
leave the wharf precisely at 4 o'clock, and, after proceeding down
the river as far as Indian Head, return by 12 o clock the same
evening. Military and Cotillion Bands are engaged, and an abun-
dance of excellent refreshments will be on board. Those who
contemplate taking this excursion may be assured that nothing
will be left undone to make it an agreeable one; and to such as feel
inclined to join in the dance, it is only necessary to add that a,-
rangements have been made which will ensure the most perfect
order. Tickets (to admit two ladies and a gentleman) $1 : to be
had of the committee, Capt. T. J. Williams, Lieuts. J. Drummond,
J. McClelland, and S. Lawrence, Mr. J. T. C. Clark, Secretary,
and at the Store of J. P. McKean, Penn. Av.
The cotillions will be conducted by an experienced professor.
The membh of the volunteer companies are particularly in-
vited to appeal in uniform.
The tickets are positively limited to two hundred and fifty.
aug 5-ThSM&T
CIVIL and MILITARY AQUATIC EXCURSION.
W ~The" Marion Rifle Corps" have
engaged thie well-known, large, and
commodious Steamer Columbia, and
purpose havingan Excursion entirely
by day light on Tuesday, the 17th instant, leaving the Steamboat
Wharf precisely at 9 o'clock, and the Wharf in the Navy Yard
(which privilege has been politely granted by the Conmmanding
Officer) at 9J o'clock A. M. Site will proceed down the river
(stopping at Alexan iria, going and returning, for such company
as may be disposed to join) filty or sixty miles, and return about
7 o'clock P. M, landing her passengers at their respective places
of embarkation. Military and Dancing Music will be in attend-
ance. Those who may feel inclined to patronize this trip may
rest assured that every exertion will be made to render it a plea.
sant and agreeable one, and that the most perfect order will be
enforced. Arrangements have been made to provide an abund-
ance of good and substantial Refreshments, besides Ice creams,
Confectionary, &c. &c.
Tickets, to admit two ladies and a gentleman, $1-to be had of
the Committee, Capt. Bright, Lieut. Ellis, Mr. Theeos Altemns, at
the Store of J. P. MeKean, Pennsylvania avenue, and at the
Apothecary Store of Mr. James Berry, Navy Yard Hill.
The members of the different Volunteer Companies are partic-
ularly requested to appear in uniform. The tickets are limited.
aug 9-MWFM&T
WASHINGTON AND ALEXANDRIA BOAT.
ATrips of the steamboat JOSEPH
JOHNSON duringthe week termin-
ating on Sunday evening next, Au-
gust 15. viz.
Leave Alexandria at 9 and t11 o'clock A. M.
and 2, 4 and 6 P.M.
Leave Washington at 10 and 12 A. M,
and 3, and 7 P. M.
aug 9-6t IGNATIUS ALLEN, Captain.
BY ROBT. TAYLOR & CO. Baltimore.
IrRUSTEE'S SALE OF A STOCK OF DRY
GOODS.-On Thursday morning, 12th instant, at hall
pat 9 o'clock, we will sell at the store of R. McEldowney & Co.,
No. 97 Baltimore street, by erder of the Trustees, the entire stock
of Dry Goods of said store ; comprising a general assortment of
Fancy and Staple Goods suited to the present and approaching
season, consisting of
Superfine cloths and cassimeres, cashmeretts
Cashmere, silk, and other vestings, satin do
Silk velvets, serge, silk buttons, summer cloths
Drillings, linen diaper, grass cloths, table covers
Hollands, lawns, white and brown linens
Fancy prints, furniture do, buckranns
Lambs' wool shirts and drawers, rich mantillas
Fancy handkerchiefs and scarfs, cashmere, silk, and crape
shawls
Embroidered and figured mousselines de lines
Beaver and pilot cloths, French and English merinoes
Bambasins, colored cambrics, painted lawns
Bishops' lawns, castings, damask, blankets, flannels
Silks, various kinds, counterpanes, worsted comforts
S.,tinetta, jeans, red padding, licking
Plaids and stripes, thread, cotton, and silk gloves
Beaver and kid gloves, suspenders, gambrooms
6-4 cambrics, sewing silks, coat bindings
Silk braids, lacets, sewing cotton, black silk handkerchiefs
Pongee haidkerchiefs, galleons, ribbons, crapes, bobbinets
Carded velvets, needle-worked capes and collars
(;Checked mnislins, barege, lace veils
Worked bands and insertings, silk and cotton hosiery
Merino and cashmere hoisery, lasting and gilt buttons
Threads, pantaloon stuffs, green baize
Canton flannels, black and white crapes
Linseys, cambric dimity, laces, &c.
aug 8-dts R. A. TAYLOR & CO.
rTiREASURY OF KNOWLEDGE AND COM-
SPLETE LIBRARY OF REFERENCE, in 2
vols. of eleven hundred pages each, just received by F. TAY-
LOR, for sale, in full leather binding, at 83 75 cents for the set,
(published at 6 dollars.) It contains a complete Gazetteer, a Chro-
nological and Historical Dictionary, Law Dictionary, Classical
Diciinary, a Dictionary of the English Language, an English
Gratnmar, a Dictionary of Words, Sentences and Quotations in
general use from the Latin, French, Italian and Spanish Lan-
guiges, with their Translations in English, a Dictionary of Maxims
and Proverbs of all countries, translated, an Encyclopedia of
Science and Arts, a Biographical Dictionary, and a mass of other
useful information, arranged for immediate reference, too exten-
sive to be named withi, the limits of an advertisement. A few
copies only received, atig 9
W AS COMMITTED to the jail of Howard District,
Anne Arundel county, on the 28th day of July !act, a ne-
gro man. as a runaway, who calls himself JERRY BAYLER, and
says he belongs to Mrs. Lucinda Scott, of Fairfax county, Va. He
kis ofadark brown color, about five feet nine inches high, has re-
I^aarkable small ears, and stammers some when spoken to. He
lad on when committed an old white fur hiat, black cloth coat and
slantaloons of fine quality and much worn, and old fine shoes.
mThe owner efthe above negro, if any, is requested to come for-
lard and prove property, pay charges, and take him away, or
tBtherwise be will be discharged according to law.
^fWHEELER CLARK,
r Jailor of Howard District, Anne Arundel county, Md.
aug 9--3t
N t{OH SALE.-Ttuat naost desirable residence of the late
Charles Carroll, Esq. of netevue, (.n 11, i. .i n of George-
town, and now in the occupation of Mr. 'A t,.. .i, 11,ining about
7* acres of land. The improvements are a large double two-story
brick house (4 rooms on a floor) and two-story brick wings, coi-
fleeting with the main building by brick galleries, with cellars un-
der the whale, and all built in the best and mast substantial man-
ner, together with the necessary out buildings, and is one of the
moat beautiful private establishments in this District.
This property will be sold at public sale to the highest bidder
(without reserve) at the Union Tavern, in Georgetown, on Tues-
day, the 17th of August next, at I0o'clock A. M., far one-third in
cash, the residue in one and two years, with interest secured by
notes satisfactorily endorsed and a deed of trust of the property.
Also, two thousand acres of land in the District of Columbia and
in Montgomery county, Maryland, on the Rockvdlhe tunrnpike,
about five miles from Washington. There are extensive and
valuable meadow grounds on Roe.k and Sligo creeks, with an
abundance of wood and timber for fanning purposes scattered over


the whole tract; which will be sold in lots varying from 60 to 200
acres, (several of which are exclusively wood lots,) according to
a survey and plat thereof in the hands of Wm. T. Carroll, Esq.
This property will be sold at public sale to the highest bidder
(without reserve) at the tavern of Mr. Lovelace, on the said turn-
pike, adjoining the premises, commencing on Wednesday the
18th of August next, at 10 o'clock A. M., and to be continued from
day to day until the whole is disposed of. The terms are, one-
third in cash and the residue in one and two years, with interest
secured by notes satisfactorily endorsed and a deed of trust of the
property.
An indisputable and unincimbered title will be made to thIe pur-
chaser upon the cash payment. For further particulars inquire of
Win. T. Carroll, Esq., of Washington, or the subscriber.
C. H. CARROLL,
Groveland Centre, Livingston county, New York.
june 30-2awd&lwcts
QCiOOL AND JUVENILE BOOKS.-R. PARN-
K3 HAM, between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue,
has lately received a large supply of School Books, the best and
latest editions, well bound, warranted, end will be sold at the low-
est prices. Parents and teachers will find it to their advantage
to call, where will be found as good an assortment as at any store
in the country. may 3
C OAL AND WOOD.-The subscribers are receiving An-
thracite coal, a superior article and will continueto receive
a large supply, which will be sold low for cash or to punctual
customers also, hickory, oak, and pine wood. Orders will be
rc-i vd .t ..ur stloe near the Potomac bridge, and at the corner
of loin sand E asretis, opposite the Medical College.
Coal, 2 41n Iba. to the Ion, weighed by the public weigher, with
hin ceir tificate.
July 0'-law8w J. %, HARVEY & CO,


WASHINGTON.
"Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and
inseparable."

MONDAY, AUGUST 9, 1841.

THE GENERAL POST OFFICE.

We have been several times on the point of ex-
pressing our surprise that, whilst busied in mak-
ing appropriations for a home squadron, for forti-
'fications, ordnance, &c. all of which we heartily
approve, but the provisions for which are, after all,
not so imperative a duty as that of paying accounts
actually due to public contractors-no movement
has been taken in Congress to appropriate money
to relieve the General Post Office from the oner-
ous debt by which it is loaded down, by which
all its functions, are enfeebled. The PRESIDENT
of the United Slates, in his Message at the open-
ing of the session, plainly exposed its condition;
informing the Iwo Houses of its being in debt half
a million of dollars beyond its resources, and that
it must be left to Congress "to determine whether
the moneys now due to contractors shall be paid
From the Public Treasury, or whether that Depart-
ment shall continue under its present embarrass-
ments." Thus far, Congress seems to have
been disposed to leave the Post Office Depart-
ment "under its present embarrassments," al-
though they have appropriated for other objects,
not of the same urgency, five times as much as
would be necessary to relieve it from its debts,
and give to it a proper and necessary efficiency.
Our attention being called to the subject by the
subjoined communication from a sufferer by the
failure of the Government to fulfil its contracts,
we thus briefly ask public attention to this matter.
SWe will not insult the intelligence of our read-
ers by an argument in favor of the proposed ap-
propriation. The fact of the contractors remain-
ing unpaid, some of them for two or three quar-
ters, through a deficiency of means produced by
former mismanagement of the affairs of that De-
partment, is argument enough. To this argu-
ment we will, with the reader's permission, add
an anecdote, which reached our ears some time
ago: The question being asked of one of the
officers charged with the payment of the accounts
of mail-contractors, by what rule of priority the
order of payment of arrears due to so many
contractors was regulated, answered in substance
as follows: Why, we pay first those whose
horses are under execution, and then pay the re-
maining contractors as fast as money comes in."
Is this a fit condition for Congress, with full
knowledge of the fact, to leave this great Depart-
ment of the Government in ?

fOR THE NATIONAL INTELLiGENCER.
The PRESIDENT, in his message to Congress at the corn-
nenccment of the present session, congratulated himself
that it was in his power, when entering upon the duties of his
office, to call to his aid the combined wisdom of the two
Houses of Congress, in order to take their counsel and ad-
vice as to the best mode of extricating the Government and
the country from the embarrassments weighing heavily on
both.
After referring to the report of the SECRETARY OF THE
TREASURY, he says: You will perceive that the fiscal means,
present and accruing, are insufficient to supply the wants of
the Government for the current year."
There are very many questions about which politicians
differ ; but all agree that the public faith must be kept invio-
late.
Some gentlemen have doubted whether the present and
the accruing fiscal means were not sufficient to discharge all
existing liabilities of the Government, and, from entertaining
such doubts, they have thought that calling Congress to-
gether for this extra session was unnecessary; but, convince
them that such means are inadequate, and there will be one
voice only heard, as to the necessity of providing other
means, so that the laborer may receive his reward.
Every member of Congress holds this principle sacred
and to charge any member with caring less to provide for
other public creditors than for himself, would be a gross in-
sult. When refering to the report of the POSTMASTERC GEN-
ERAL the PRESIDENT says: It appears Ihat the existing lia-
bilities of that Departmenit, (Post Office,) beyond the means of
payment at its command, cannot be less than $500,000 ;" and
he leaves it to Congress to determine whether the moneys
now due to contractors shall be paid from the public Treasury,
or whether that Department shall continue under its present
embarrassments. The PRESIDENT said all that was neces-
sary and proper, and left the contractors in the hands of their
representatives, who are their friends and neighbors, atnd
know their wants.
The contractors had hoped that some definite proposition
in their behalf would have been matured and reported, to ena-
ble the PRESIDENT, through the POSTMASTER GENERAL, to
pay them that which they have earned, and which is justly
their due from the United States. Other important matters
have been pressed upon the attention of the members; but
the contractors will not, for a moment, permit themselves to
believe that this session will close without making ample
provision to pay the moneys due to them.
They look to the United States as their creditors, and not
to the Post Office Department. Their contracts commence:
This indenture of contract, made the of in
'the year of between A. B., contractor for carrying
'the mails of the United States of one part, and the UNITED
'STATES OF AMERICA OF THE OTHER PART, Wilness-
eth : That the said parties have mutually covenanted as fol-
lows, viz : The said contractor covenants with the United
States, &c."
After designating what service the contractor is to perform,
and asserting the power of the POSTMASTER GENERAL over
him in fourteen articles, the fifteenth article is as follows:
The said United States covenant with the said contractor
to pay as aforesaid, at the rate aforementioned, Q.UAR-
TERLY, in the months of May, August, November, and
'February."
This little short article is the only one in favor of the con-
tractor ; and how has It been kept '1 The PRESIDENT has cor-
reedy said that these twenty-six United States are debtors
to the contractors in the sum of halfa million of dollars.
A CONTRACTOR.

BALTIMORE, AUGUST 7.
Yesterday, the steamboats Washington, Columbia, Bos-
ton, and Columbus made excursions to the U. S. ship DELA-
WARE, now lying off Annapolis, conveying between two and
three thousand persons. The passengers were very politely
received on board the Delaware, and were treated with every
attention by the officers and crew. After remaining a suffi-
cient length of time to allow a milaute examination of the no-


ble vessel, the Boston aind Columbia proceeded to Annapolis
for the purpose of making a short stay, and the Washington
and Columbus returned directly to this city. All who were
on board, it is believed, experienced great satisfaction and de-
light during the trip.-Patriot.
TALLAHeSSEE, (FLORiDA,) JULY 30.
THE SICKNESS A'T ST. JOSEPH, rumor says, still continues
to rage with unabated violence and mortality. Few of the
cases, however, are said to be the Yellow Fever. Among
our own citizens, who went thither to spend the summer
months, and who have fallen victims to disease contracted
there, it is with heartfelt regret that we chronicle the follow-
ing deaths: Mrs. DUVAL, wife of ex-Governor W. P. Duval,
now absent from the Territory; Dtrs. WARD and Miss GEOR-
GIANA WARD, mother and sister of Major George T. Ward,
now also absent; Mrs. SIBLEY, wilf*- of Mr. S. S. Sibley, for-
merly of the Floridian, and Mr. FLI MmtNO Hixot.-Sentinel.
SINGULAR DEATH.-A young man named David Berg, of
Bullskin township, Fayette county,( Pa.) while engaged with
several others in a fishing excursion put into his mouth a
small sunfish, under the pretense of e eating it, with a view of
making sport for tha company; it desc nded into the throat,
causing death in ten minutes,.


Whilst the following acknowledgment of the
value of the labors of our European Correspond-
ent is, in our opinion, no more than a just tri,
bute to their merit, it is yet very gratifying to us,
as proving that they are appreciated as they ought
to be by others than ourselves :
"The letters from Paris that appear in the Na-
tional Intelligencer are very interesting. They
are from thd pen of ROBERT WALSH, Esq. Such
writers should be encouraged, if possible, in some
way by the Government. They give us correct
information of a nation that without such assist-
ance would in a short time grow out of our
knowledge. A weekly outline of the doings of
the great men of France, and a bird's-eye view
of the transactions of Europe generally, from so
competent writer, is very valuable. Our Min-
isters and Consuls correspond privatehj with our
Government. For ourselves, we derive much
more pleasure and advantage from tie labors of
the correspondent of the Intelligence-than from
those of all the officers of our Government
abroad. We do not make these renarks with
Sthe view of detracting from the usefulness of ouf
Ministers and Consuls, but solely fir the pur-
pose of drawing the attention of the nation to
the importance of the arrangement made with
Mr. WALSH by Messrs. GALES & SEASON."

The following is a full confirmation sf our late
intelligence of the want of foundation for the
rumor of a detected conspiracy among the slaves
in Louisiana :
BAyOU SARA, JULY 26, 1841.
I arrived here at 1 o'clock to-day, arid the trial of the ne-
groes had just terminated. It has all ended in smoke. The
negroes are all acquitted, as no evidence whatever could be
found against them, and likewise the white man named Mills.
The trial was conducted before Judge Wymns and six jury-
men, according to the black code. All is quiet now, and the
city is itself again, which means as much as that it is exceed-
ingly full-N. 0. Bee.

THE MISSISSIPPI LOAN.-A correspondence has
been published, between Messrs HOPE & Co. of
Amsterdam, and Gov. McNUTT, of Mississippi, in
which the latter undertakes to exculpate the State
for its violation of faith, in not providing for the
payment of either interest or principal of a loan of
$5,000,000, which was negotiated with the former.
The blame of this breach of faith must rest chiefly
on the Governor himself, as a law which was pass-
ed by the Legislature to provide for meeting the
interest about to accrue on the bonds was vetoed
by him. He argues that the Stale is not bound itc
pay the debt for the following reasons :
1st. The bonds on mortgage were sold on a credit.
2.1. The currency in which the bonds were made payable
was chane'ed from current money of the United States to
pounds sterling of Great Britain, at the rate of four shillings
and sixpence to the dollar.
3d. The contract of sale was fraudulent.
4th. The Bank of the United States was not authorized to
make the purchase.
5'h. The bonds were sold at less thi-n their par value, in
violation of the charter of the bank.
The Governor says :
The money paid for these bonds did not come intj the
State Treasury. The officers of this Government had ne
control over its disbursement. The bonds were disposed oh
ii August, 1838, by collusion and fraud, in violation of the
Constitution and laws of this State. The Mississippi Union
Bank and the Bank of the United Siates were parties tc
this unlawful transaction. You have the endorsement o1
both these institutions, and to them you must look for pay.
mcnt."
The amount of this reasoning is, that because
the State was cheated by its own agents, of its
own voluntary selection, the State will defraud in-
nocent holders of their bonds, who purchased there
relying exclusively on the faith of the State. It is
mortifying to learn that any State has suffered it-
sell to be thus disgraced by the officer placed at
the head of its administration. If the State has
been defrauded by its officers or agents, let it seel
redress by proceedings against those who have
done the wrong, and not attempt to indcmnify
themselves by inflicting a worse injury on inno-
cent persons, who have committed no other faul
than to confide in their good faith.-Boston Dailk
Advertiser.

THE SOUTHERN LITERARY MESSENGER.
The July and August number of this periodical is replete
with articles of unusual interest; among which we woult
particularly notice those entitled Spain ;" Leigh Hunt,'
by H11. T. Tuckermnan; Letitia Elizabeth Langdon," (thi
celebrated L. E. L.;) Musings," by Maid; Wyoming
Valley," by Erastus Brooks; Lieutenant F. Maury;'
Mr. Jefferson, his interpretation of the Constitution ;" ant
"The Drunnkard's Wife," by Elihu Burritt, the learned
Blacksmith. That the Messenger has obtained a standing
and an extent of circulation probably not surpassed by those
of any other American periodical, is to be attributed mainly)
to the talent, enterprise, and perseverance of its conductor
Mr. T. W. While. The South is particularly indebted tc
him for the only able and faithful exponent which we haveI
of its feelings and opinions on subjects of a general interest.
~*1
CHARLESTON, AUGUST 5.
SERIOUS RAILROAD ACCIDENT.-We regret to state that it
consequence of the engine on the Columbia branch road cap
sizing yesterday, about three miles from Branchville, the en-
gineer, Mr. Ti sley, an estimable young man, was killed
We are informed, as the cause of the accident, that the flange
of the wheel struck a timber placed as a bridge on a planta-
tion road. Another .h,. will be immediately provided, se
that there will be no delay tron the accident.
Curious Death by drowning.-Mr. Isaiah Smith, a house
painter, was lately drowned in New Haven, near the place
of public resort called Savan Rock." He was digging
clams, with a bag fastened about his neck for their deposit.
The tide coming in, he tumied to come ashore, stepped intc
a deep hole, arid it is supposed was prevented from rising
again, as he was found there dead.
REPREHENSinLE PRACTtCsE.-The New York Sun speaks in
just terms of censure of the practice which, it appears, prevails
in that city, of placing beautiful young girls in cigar stores,
drinking-houses, and other places frequented almost exclu-
sively by the male sex, and attributes the murder of Miss
Rogers to her havitig been employed as a retailer of cigars.
We have rio doubt that the object of those who thus procure
the services of handsome young females is, as the Sun sug-
gests, to entice customers, though it be at the loss of the char-
acter, happiness, or lives ot the girls so employed. There are
stores in which the attendance oh females is very proper : but
they should never be placed in situations where they are ne-
cessarily compelled to hear indelicate or profane language,
and perhaps submit to unbecoming familiarities from repro-
bate young men.
The fate o1 Miss Rogers has excited great sympathy, and
every exertion is being made to discover and bring to pun-
ishment her murderer. Unless he be among the most callous
of sinners, the nature of the deed he has committed will com-
pel him to betray himself, even should the police fail to detect
him, for conscience will not permit him to have a quiet mo-
ment.-- Clipper.

DEATH.


On Tuesday night, July 27th, on hoard the United States
Ship Pennsylvania, Dr. JOHN R. CHANDLER, of the
United States Navy, in the 39 h year of his age. He was a
native of the District of Columbia, but for several years had
resided in Portsmouth, Virginia, being attached to that naval
station.

()0CAL AND INSTRUMENTAl MU-SIC.-J.H.
V HW1VITT, Professor of Music, from Baltimore, respectfully
tenders his services to the inhabitants of Washington and George-
town, as instructor of Vocal and Instrumental Music. His long
experience 'andt many testimonials of ability are sufficient guar-
anti. F r '.-- .,..f-,i .i i. i of his duty as teacher.
H.. i, . '.I i '.- r. iiembraces the Piano Forte, Guitar,
and Flute; the latter instrument taught either in classes orsingly.
In vocal instruction the plan adopted is that fi PESTALOZZI, by
which )uvenvile and adult classes may be taught either sacred or
secular music with an ease and rapidity highly pleasing to the
pupils.
Terms will be made low.
French, Spanish and Portuguese Languages --Mrs. HEWITT
will instruct select classes of ladies in *either of the above lan-
guages.
11F Addresses left at Fischer's Stationers' Hall, Pennsylvania
avenue, will meet with prompt attention, aug 9-eo4t
N EW BOOKS.- Lives of Eminent Men of Italy-Dante,
L Petrarch, Boccaccio, Macbiavelli, Gallileo, LTorenzo de Me-
dici, Tasso, Guiarini, Vittoria Celonna, Goldoni, &c. &c.--in two
volumes, by Montgomery, Mrs. Shelley, and Sir David Brewster.
The Secretary of Machiavelli, or the Siege of Florence, in 2 vols.
by McCarthy. Barnaby Rudge, No. It, with illustrations.
Just published, and for sale by F. TAYLOR, or for circulation
to the subscribers to the Waverley Circulating ILibrary. aug 9


LATEST FROM FLORIDA.

CORRESPONDENCE op OFTHE SAVANNAH GEORGIAN.
FLORIDA, JOLY 30.
Fort Holmes has been ordered to be abandoned and the
troops to take post at regimental headquarters, Fort King, or
at Fort Russell, as Lieut. Col. RIEY, commanding 2d Infan-
try, may direct.
Captain SEAWELL, 7th Infantry, on a scout a few days since
between Volusia and the Ocklawaha, came upon a large party
of Indians, who fled immediately on giving their fire, by which
a Sergeant of his command was killed. It was not known
whether the fire ef Capt. S. killed any of the enemy. Some
t30 acres of corn were destroyed by Captain S.
Colonel WORTH arrived at Cedar Keys on the 22d, and, a
rail of Indians having been discovered leading into the Wac-
cassee, a scout was otdered in pursuit.
Fifteen Indians (six warriors and nine women) of Wild
Cat's pai.y have gone in to Tampa and been taken care of.
There are rumors of others going in to Fort Cumming.
Two of Sam Jones's warriors have gone in to Tampa for the
purpose of obtaining information.
It is said that twelve of Aleck-Tustenuggee's warriors have
also gone in to Tampa, having split from his partly, and that
Aleck has gone to join Sam Jones.
P. S. Intelligence has just been received stating that forty
more Indians have since come in at Fort Cumming, and were
escorted from thence to Tampa by a detachment cf Dragoons;
making in all about 70 now at that post. The prospect of
ending the war appears to be very favorable.

.: There is no sort of mistake about Every Body's
Book, or Something for All," just published by WILEY &
PUTNAM, New York. The introduction" might seem over-
confidant, were it not strictly true. The book is selling like
hot cakes," which is the beat evidence of its merit.
"EVERY BODY'S BOOKT'"-Yzs: Every Body's Book;
by which we mean, a book that every body may take up, it it be
for only fifteen minutes, and find in it something to interestarid
instruct-to entertain or amiuse.,
Suppose you have taken your seat in a railroad car l You
are to have an easy, rolling ride, anod plenty of leisure on your
hands. What most do you want ? Something entertaining or
amusing to leaJ ; something short, anti a good variety, In thelie
book before you, you have the very volume you need.
But you are in a steamboat, perhaps, and a long sail is before
vyou ? Very well: day or night, it must prove at times a little te-
dious, and you will need diversion. There is nothing in the way
of your positive enjoyment of the various matter in this book.
In a rail-car or steamboat, or in the parlor of an evening, this
volume is capable of amusing, instructing, diverting, or entertain
ing any reader.
Here is assurance !' says one, possibly, any way !'
"No assurance at all, Mr. Reader. Thie book is the first of a
series. It has been prepared with care, printed with care, and
the writers for it have no superiors in the country. In is intend-
ed to be popular, and it will be, 'in spite of fate' or opposition
and it is cheap enough for any body.
Why, what are its great attractions?' some one may ask.
Read it, and see. Read the delightful essay of lavisG ; the
thrilling story by LEOGETT; and let your heart, if you are an
A..-,' ";,1, I1... with the fires of love and patriotism over the
t. ... 1i.ti i ...i ,.. i Our Own Country ; then tiin ato the revolting
se'ne, of cruelty in Ruscia; to the awiul sketch of a Battle-field
by Moonlight; and contrast these with the simple story ol The
Lamb, ,he laughable scenes of Lifein New York, and the stir-
ri g" -Rcords' of the 'Old Man,' who writes 1o eloquently of
'long time ago.' Read these and the other articles in the book,
and you won't ask 'what tlci, aattractive abiut.i t' You will
find that it is all attractive. Read t i2d judge. That's the
best way."
Mr. F. TAYLOR and Mr. MORRISON are the Washingloi;
publishers.
-' Ierseverance Vire Companiy.-The meinbers of the
co, pany are notified to meet at (he Engiue-house this (Monday)
evening, at 6 o'clock, for drill. GEO. S. GIDEON,
aug 9 Secretary.
n Washington Light Infantry.-An adjourned meet-
ing of the corps will be held at tie Armory this (M t 0 .-ven-
ing, at half past 7 o'clock. JOS. It. I \ 1K,
aug 9 Secretary.
i Uniot Ii'ire (;ompaniy.-A stated meeting (l the Union
SFire Company will take plice at their Engine-house on Tuesday
-.i, i .. the 10th instanr, at 8 o'clock.
S Iih. 'tinting Committee wilt meet on the evening previous at
the same ouur. CHARLES CALVERT,
aug 9 Secretary.
1:1 National lustitution tor the P'romnotio of Science.
A stated monthly meeting of the Society will be held at the Hall
of the Institution on Monday evening next, the i9th instant, at 8
o'clock. The attendance of honorary and 'i ,o r. in o mem-
hbers is reqie.ted. P. IllH I 'IP-0"N,
aug 7-S&M Cor. Secretary.
S i Repeal Assot)ciation.-lThe regul r monthly meeting of
thia Association will be held on Tuesday evening next, at the
usual time and place. Members arc particularly requested to be
pinuctiiul in their attendance.
a_ g 7-3t By order: JAS. HOBAN, President.
B IOAR)ING.-A small family and two or three gentlemen
I can be accommodated with i. ..i-! board on reasonable
tfraias. Inquire third door west of',.: t ..... office, Pennsylvania
y avenue. aug 9-3t
J OT1ICE.-The copartnership between H.ratio B Alden,
S.LI of Randolph, Mass. and William Noyes, under the firm
of W. Noyes & Co." was dissolved i y mutual consent on
the first of July last. W. Noyes is authorized to settle utip the
business. H. B. ALDEN,
Washington, A-.... t 6, 1841. W. NOYES.
The business ii l.. continued at the old stand, Louisiana Ave-
n nue, in CatletL's I. .. i .. It'..'. by Win. Noyes, Sen., Win. Noyes,
Jr., and Albert N .:- .....J. r the firm of" Win. Noyes & Sons;"
d where will be found a large stock of coarse heavr boots and bre-
Sgans, with a good supply of ladies, gentlemen's, boys, misses,
and children's boots antd shoes, manufactured expressly to our
erer, all of which will be sold by tihe package or dozen, at fair
9 prices, for cash or for good paper.
naug 9-eo6t W. NOYES & SONS.
d A MARRIED GARDUEN ER, who has been laboring for
d e many years at a very extensive farm, and who is acquaint-
ed in all the various branches of horticulture, wishes to obtain
another ritoation us gardener. The best references can be given.
e Post-paid letters directed to A. B., City Post-office, will be attend.
y ed to. aug 9-3t
EI[10R RENT.-A large parlorandt threeor four bed rooms,
S. furnished, with kitchen and cellar. The reoms are plea-
sant, large, and airy. These apartments would suit well for a
family, or three or four gentlemen.
Those ladies and gentlemen who would with to suit themselves
before leaving the cit v would do well byu making early applica-
tion at Mdaanme BIHLER'S Fancy store, on I'eonsylvania ave-
nue, between dih and 10th streets, north side.
aug 9-3t ________
FRN Ii)AY NEXT, thie 13th Instant, at 11
o'clock, at the warehouse, O'I)onnell's Wharf, Baltimore-
250 half pipes Cognac brandy of various brands and vintages,
e part very old and superior
19 quarter casks do do
S 500 cases of Claret, of various vintages
160 do White Wine
24 casks Yin de Grave
22 do Boadeaux and Marseilles Claret
18 quarter casks t Cetei Maieira
15 Indian barrels
19 quarter casks Cette Port.
The above assortment, selected for this market, is direct im-
portation, subject to debenture.
'5,,,,. ,.x. rT*Ta >mCu'-'..T


aug 9-it


VWM1, nU. t B lt iorIe.
Baltimore.


G ENTEEi FURNITURE AT AUCTilON.-On
Tuesday afternoon, the IOllh inst. at 4 o'clock, we shall sell,
without reserve, at the residence of Capt. N. C. Macrae, on I
street, between 17th and 18th streets, and opposite thIe residence
of the late Gen. Macomb, all the household and kitchen furniture,
consisting of-
Handsume mahogany Sideboard, mahogany Chairs
Do do Dining and Card Tables
Hair Sofa, Rocking and Easy Chairs, Andirons and Fire Irons
Handsome white geranile DinnerSet, Franklin Stove
Maiuogany Bur' ..* 'i. .I French-post Bedsteads
Feather Beds, -1.,..k M Itir ...., &c.
With a general assortment of kitchen furniture
Terms cash. DYER & WRIGHT,
aug 9-2t Auctioneers.
HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE AT AUCTION.-
E On Tuesday next, the 10th instant, at 10 o'clock A. M.
we shall sell at No. 3 Mechanics' Row, east of the City Hall, a va-
riety of new and handsome household furniture of a gentleman
declining housekeeping, such as-
Handsome marble-top pier table
Lounges, mahogany chairs, ottomans
Centre table, rocking chairs, window cu tains
Cut glass decanters, tumblers, wines, &c.
Dinner and tea set, astral and other lamps,
Plated candlesticks, silver plated basket and castors
Bronze fender and andironms, shovel and tongs
Best beds, bedsteads, wardrobe, bureaus
r .i. u .1, washstanda. &c.
\% ,,it . .-. furniture generally, and a good assortment of
kitchen articles. DYER & WRIGHT,
aug 9-2t Auctioneers.
RAAWN NUMBERS OF TlHE VIRGINIA MONON-
A GALIA LOTTERY, Class I, drawn 7th August, 1841.
J. G. GREGORY & CO. Managers,
10 16 54 55 35 69 64 14 18 19 6-2 65 17 49
THIS DAY.
$10,000, and 10 prizes of $1,000, &c.
IN THE
MARYLAND LOTTERY.
Tickets 84-Halves $2-Quarters $1.
ALSO, IN THE NEW JERSEY LOTTERY,
$20,000-$5,000-15 prizes of $1,000, &c.
Tickets $5-Halves $2 50O-Q.uarters $1 25.

ON TUESDAY
THE ALEXANDRIA LOTTERY draws.
14 drawn numbers in each package of 25 tickets.
$9,000--$2,000-$1,500-$1,295-5 prizes of
$1,100-5 of $500, &c.
Tickets $3-Halves $t 60-Quarters 75 cts.
For sale by J. G. GREGORY & CO., Managers,
aug 9-2t Next doer eait of Gadsby's, Washington.


CITY AFFAIRS.

THE WEATHER, since last Thursday's drenching rain, has
been delightful, and well-suited to resuscitate the drooping
crops of corn in this part of the country. Friday was a cool,
dry, and extremely pleasant day. Saturday was a sultry day.
Yesterday it was rather sultry in the morning and cloudy in
the evening.

COLUMBIAN HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY.-Some very fine
specimens of fruit, such as would do honor to any part of
the country, have been exhibited during the last week to the
Committee on Fruits of the Columbian Horticultural Society,
and at the last stated meeting of the Society, which was held
at the City Hall last Saturday, agreeably to public notice.
Of those fruits, we particularly noticed at the meeting a fine
sample of seedling pears, rich and juicy, exhibited by Mr.
Shoemaker, of Georgetown, which he calls the Tyson pear,
also, a few very large plums, of the Washington Bolmer kind,
exhibited by Mr. Shoemaker.
Exhibited to the Corn mittee.
By Mrs. Seatlon: Bolmer's Washington plums, blue gages,
very handsome.
By Mr. Josh. L. Smith: Several varieties of early pears,
well matured, and of delightful flavor.
By Mr. George Shoemaker: Bolmer's Washington plums,
Nash apples, very fine Tyson pears, a new seedling of great
merit.
By 1Mr. J. F. Catllan: A cactus heptangularis, in fine
flower. This plant will bloom again in the course of this
week.

VOLUNTEER ENCAMPMENT.-During the four days on
which the National Blues performed military duty at their
encampment, near Bladensburg, they wvre visited by the
Mechanical Riflemen, commanded by Capt. WILLIAMS, and
the Columbia Artillerists, commanded by Capt. BUCKINGHAM.
The former paid their visit to the -camp on Thursday,
which, being a very rainy day, of course prevented those
military exercises which were intended. The Columbia
Artillerists, in consrquenice of the unfavorable state of the
weather on Thursday, deferred their visit to the National
Blues until Friday, which was a remarkably fine and suitable
day. Both companies met with a hospitable reception and a
soldier's welcome, as did also a number of private citizens
who visited the camp during the sojourn of the Natianal
Blues. On Friday, the National Blurs and the Columbia
Artillerists paraded under the shady trees near the Bladens-
burg Spa i the Artillerists fired a salute, and several hours
were spent in military style near that celebrated spring.
In the afternoon of that day, the National Blues broke upi
their encampment, and returned in admirable order to this
city, escorted by the Columbia Artillerists. On their march
they were met, near Mr. Moore's farm, by the Washington
Light Infantry, commanded by Lieut. MILLS in the absence
of Capt. FRANCE. The three companies at the time of their
junction made a very handsome military display. They all
marched into the city together in the most friendly and soldier-
like manner, butowing to the lateness of the hour, it beifg past
eight o'clock before thtn ir arrival, the military pageant could
not be enjoyed by the numerous citizens who assembled to
greet the companies on their return to their homes and
families.

NATIONAL TnEATRE..-It must be gratifying to the friends
of the National Theatre, as well as to the manager and the
company, to find that during the last mock the house has
been well attended by numerous and respectable audiences
Of Mr. WALLACK'S performance, on the night of his benefit,
in MACSETU, all agree (we include the most competent judges
in matters theatrical of our 'metropolis) that it was most ex-
cellent. LENNOX too and Miss MO:IER performed admira-
bly.
Vo-night the lovers of spectacle and pantomime will find
unusual entertainment, as the bill of fare furnished by Mr.
FOSTER, for his benefit, ik one of great attraction. We com-
mend the performances of this evening to the special notice
of our theatrical readers.

INTENDED AQuATic ExcuRSiONs.-The late civil andm mili
tary aquatic excursion of the Washington Light Infantry
having proved so successful and so agreeable to a numerous
and respectable company, it was to be expected that othet
aquauic excursions would be got up during the present sea
son by other volunteer companies, for similar purposes, and
for the gratification of such ladies and genil men as might bN
disposed tojoin them. Accordingly, we find before us tao
adveitiiements of civil and military aquatic excursions,
which are announced for 'Tuesday, the 10th instant, Ianti
Tuesday, the 17th instant: the former under the auspices o
Capt. T'. J, WmILLIAMS and the members of the MVechanical
Riflemen, the latter under the auspices of Capt. BRIaHT and
the meuilAers of the Marion Riflemi-en. We consider these
civil and military aquatic excursions as pleasant and desir
able medium of creating and keeping alive a friendly spirit
among our several military companies of this metropolis, as
well as a means of healthy and cheap recreation to our fel-
low-citizens who may feel themselves disposed to unite on
such pleasant excursions. The arrangements which are an
nounced by the projectors of the announced aquatic excur-
sions wi!l be found in their respective advertisements.

POLICE IN rTELLGOENCE.-It appears from the jail books and
police returns of this city and county, during the last two
weeks, that very few commitments have been made or charges
brought against persons for felony or other offences,. A few
individuals charged with assaults have been hel to bail or
committed fur trial.. Among the latter class of offences, wt
are called upon to notice two assaults by colored men in the
public streets upan white people. In one of these cases the
offender has eluded the vigilance of the police by a precipi
tate escape: in the other, the offender was arrested on the
spot, and, being a slave, was sentenced to corporeal punish-
ment.

CENT'rE MARKET.-The prices of marketing last Saturday
in our principal market will be found below. Corn meal, it
will be seen, has fallen a little in price. Butchers' meat,
much the same as at our last quotation. Vegetables, though
plentiful, were not as reasonable as might be expected. Po-
tatoes, especially, sold high, and much above the Baltimore
prices.
Beef, 4 to 12 cents per pound Shorts, 2f per bushel
Corned eo 6 to 10 do Oats, 56 do
Dried do 12 do Shelled corn, 85 ets do
Mutton, 6 to 12 do Potatoes, 40 cts. per peck
Veal, 6 tu 12 do Pease, 50 cis. do
Lamb, 50 to 75 per. qr. Tomatoes, 50 do
Pork, 6 to 12 per pound C' Y--'c' a. 4 to 6 each
Hums, lOto 12 do ( ..,. :, i, to 8 cts per dozen
.1, I.ti; ,8 to 10 do Cucumbers, 6 to t0 do
-, ..i .5r 8 to 10 do New ecru, 12 cts. per dozen
Calf's Head, 25 each Snap heans, 25 cts per peck
BcefTongues, 56 to 62cts. each ,,., t... 2'uu '-t cts per peck
Roll Butter, 16 to 25 per lb. \, i. t 1 it i- 1': 10 0to. per qt.
Print Butter, 31 do Blackberries, 3 to 4 do
Philadelphia do 3t do B'ack plums, 12 do
Eggs, 12 cts per dozen Watermmelons, 6 to 37 each
Honey, 18 per lb Cantelopes 6 to 12 each
Chickens, 25 to 3t cts per pair Hay, 85 to 8t per t0(0 Ibs
Ducks, 40 do Straw, 62to 75 do
Corn meal, 90 cts per bushel Calfish and sturgeon, plentiful
Ship Staffs, 52 do and hceap.
Rye meal, St do

TREATRE-MR. FOSTER'S BENEFIT.
This evening is set apart for the benefit of Mr. FosTeR,
whose talent in his profession, connected with a general de-
sire to please, gives him strong claims to the consideration of
the public. The piece selected for the evening's entertain-
ment is Napoleon, a character in which Mr. F. is said to be emi-
nently successful. So struck was Joseph Bonaparte with the
exact resemblance to his brother, as exhibited ra the boards
at Philadelphia, that he immediately sent for Mr. Foster, and
presented him with an epaulette that formerly belonged to
Napoleon. ___________ P.
[COMMUNICATION.]
MassRs. EnITORS : The other day 1 walked to the CaSIitol,
for the first time during the present session of Congress
Viewing the city from that superb building, I was struck with
the beauty of our city as a site, and of its capability-if I
may so speak-of improvement. I never look over the plain
south, without thinking of the classic grounds of Greece;


and the whole area, indeed, of this extensive basin is fine
beyond the powers of description. I was particularly struck
with the effect of the view from the Ruotundo, towards the
east, and of the improvement of this view which would arise
from the complete graduation and finish of the road in this
direction, giving to the Capitol, which is now as it were the
end of a line, the po-ition of the centre of a line, running
west to the President's house, and east about the same dis-
tance. A row of trees on each side of ihe road east would
a-d much to Ihe prospect, and make apromenade at once re-
tired and beautiful. Improvements throw out the latent beau.
ties of a site, and also suggest further improvements.
I almost pray, Messrs. Editors, that this city may he a spot
dear to the affections of the nation, challenging its munificence
as well as its love. PHILOCLES.

L OST, a few days ago, a large gold ring, having the figure
of a hound on thIe bulb. The finder will please leave it
at this office, and oblige the owner, aug 9-3t
N"EW BOOKS.-Journal nd Correspondence of Miss
..l Adams, daughter oh John Adams, second President of the
United States, written in France and England in 1785; edited
by her daughter. Also, Every Body's Book, or something for
atl, first series. Also, Dissertations upon the Epistles of Phala-
ris, Themistocles, Socrates, Euripides, and upon the Fables of
.Esoe. Also, Epistola ad Joannemn Millium, by Richard Bentley,
D. D. in 3 vols. octavo, London.
Just published and for sale by W. M. MORRISON,
aug 9 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.


EDITORS' CORRESPONDENCE.

NEW YORK, AUOGUST 7.
Of the new loan authorized by Congress, the
amount of one million is taken up, the amount
put in market being only one million five hun-
dred thousand dollars. The million has been
taken in this city and Boston. ABBOTT LAw-
RENCE & Co. it is said, have taken $500,000 for
Boston account, the Chamber-street Savings In-
stitution in this city another $500,000; and there
remains yet half a million. The rhte of interest
was at five percent. and two-fifths for a part, and
five and a half for the other part. These are very
favorable terms in these times. None of it goes
to Europe.
It having become the custom with some mem-
bers of Congress to notice the arrival and depar-
ture of strangers in this country, it may be inte-
resting to such to hear that Mr. BATES, of the
firm of Barings, returns in the Great Western to-
day. It is a little remarkable that an American-born boy,
who has worked his way into the first banking-house of Lan-
don, should have been abused by a member of the Senate for
paying a visit to his native country ; but such is the fact.
The barbarian provision" in the bank bill, as it is called
interdicting the outside barbarians," or foreigners, from
taking bank stock, is much ridiculed and attacked in this
quarter.
There was a large tea salad yesterday. The falling off in
prices was from 8 to 10 cents per pound, in consequence of
the recent news from Canton.
The interest of $100,000 of Illinois stock, redeemable in
1861, remains unpaid in consequence ef some dispute he'ween
the Illinois Commissioner and the parties holding the stork
as to who shall pay the interest.
The interest on a portion of the Arkansas stock remains
unpaid in consequence of the non-acceptance of drafts for
that purpose by the North American Trust Company.
The interest on the Indiana stocks has not yet been paid.
A large sale of State stocks, to the amount of about $750,-
000, pledged under the general banking law, is advertised by
the Comptroller on Monday.
The State of New York, which is in the market for three
millions, wants but about one million at this time.
Exchange on London for the Great Western to-day wie
108j to 1081. Sales on France could be obtained at 5.25, ra-
them below the current rate though.
Exchange on Philadelphia is 31; on Richmond 3j; on
Charleston 1i ; New Orleans 5}; Louisville 7i; St. Louis
9j; Mobile 91; Nashville 12; Cincinnati 8*; Columbus
(Geo.) 12j; Florida 40 per cent. premium.
United States Bank stock went down to 14 on Friday, the
lowest point it has yet touched.
The number of emigrants arriving here continues to be
large. Switzerland and the Upper Rhine seem to be all
coming over. They appear to be people in a fair condition
of life, and are all bound for the interior. The Norwe-
gians, and Welsh too, are not scarce among the emigrants.
America is the European crucible. We melt all down into
one.
The repeal doctrine" as to paying off State stocks, set
up by the Governor of Mississippi, has already, in principle,
been decided in our Court of Chancery, and is affirmed by
the Court of Errors, viz. that, as against third parties, a State
could not set up the irregular or unlawful act of its own
agents. The Erie Railroad Company in this State is loaned
the State credit, with the restriction not to sell thestocks un-
der par. The Company virtually become the purchasers
of the stock at par, and put up with the loss between that
and the market price, but nobody here dreams that the State
is tot liable.
About seventy passengers wert out in the Great Western.

Sale This Day.

0O RPHANS' COURT SALE.-On Monday afternoon,
the 9th instant, at 4 o'clock, we shall sell, by order of the
Orphans' Court of Washington county, the personal estate of the
h:ite Anna M. Himntt, at her residence on New York avenue, be-
tweea 13 h atid 14th streets, consisting of a general assortment of
Household and Kitchen Furniture. &c.
Ternms-on all sums of and under twenty dollars, cash-over
twenty dollars, a credit of ninety day fur bond.- u*iu at .-"ned
security, bearing interest DYER & 't.hli.H 1,
aug 6- 3t Auctioneers.
F OR REN a -The large dwelliung-house near the W est
Market, lately occupied by Baron Mareschal, Austrian Min-
ister. Situation fashionable and healthy. Premises in excellent
order. Possession given immediately. Inquire of
sug 9-dtf FRANCIS MARKOE, Jr.
NOTICE TO TIMBER G ETTE S .-The subscriber
L offers to the attention of Timber Getters some very valua-
ble Ship Timber, and also valuable rimbper of other kinds. Thiis
Pimber consists aof VWhite Oak, Ash, and Yellow Pine, lying from
half a mile to a mile of water navigable for brigs and largo
chooners. Letters directed, post paid, to the subscriber, at Mer-
y Point, Lancaster county, Virginia, will be attended to promptly.
aug 9-3t E. A. CURRIE.
3,- IANSItN HOUSE, Matin street, near the
Canal, Cincinnati.-R. F. LEVERING, formerly
M of the Cincinnati Hotel, respectfully informs his old
friends and the travelling community that lieh has leased f r a
term of years that well-known andt pleasantly situated HItel, es-
tablished and conducted for a number of years by William H.
Henrie.
This extensive establishment is now in complete order, and open
far the rpcept on of visitors; and having undergone thorough re-
pails and improvements, the proprietor feels .onfidt-,e of being
able to give universal satisfaction, He can promise, at least, that
no pains or expense shall be mi,,;..: I.. r'r. [r.. the comfort and
convenience of his guests, and i.. k. i,1. ii. i-l1( perfectly at home.
Situated as his house is, at the Main street Canal landing, it pre-
sents a desirable stopping place for travellers who may arrive or
depart by canal boats or stages.
Pork merchants end country dealers would also find this a con-
venient location for the transaction of business during their stay in
the city. No house in the West possesses more f. ri'orntA-,t or
agreeahble lodging rooms, which are kept in the mr-s neat ami
cleanly manner. Honest and careful waiters will be ever found in
readiness to give their attention. The table will at all times be
furnished with the choicest provisions our abundant market
affords, and the bar wibh the best selection of liquors.
In the Reading Room may htie found newspapers of the latest
dates from uhe various and tiost important sections ofthe Union.
The stables attached are extensive, well provided, and under
the supervision of an experienced manager.
N. B.-Horses and carriages at all times in readiness.
july 17-eol~t
MAGNIFICENT SCHEMES.

4 prizes of -5,illll0 amounting to $100,000,
FOR 25TH SEPTEMBER: AKn
$50,000-$30,000--$25,000,
FOR 23D OCTOBER.
J. G. GREGORY & CO., Managers.
SPLENDID UNION LOTTERY, CLASS 8n FOtO 1841.
To be drawn at Alexandria, D. C. on Saturday, Sept. 25.
BRitLuANT SCHEME
1 prize of 25,006) dolls. 1 4 p of 25,000 dol-
1 do 25,000 dolls,. ars, makhg 100I,0
1 do 25,000 dunlhs. ld lla.0
1 do 25,000 dolls. jouarso
1 prize of $10,000 I prizes of 2,000
I do of 8,000 50 do of l1C,00
1 do of 6,401O 50 do of 500
1 do of 5,153 50 do of 250
2 prizes of 4,000 100 do of 200, &c.
14 drawn numbers out of 78.
Tickets $S5-Halves $7 50-Qusrters-$3 75-Eiglrths 81 87.
Certificates of packages of 26 whole tickets, 8200
Do do 26 half do 100
Do do 26 quarter do 50
Do do 26 eighth do 25


$50,000-$30,000-$25,000.
ON SATURDAY, OCT. 23,
THE GRAND UNION LOTTERY, CLASS 9, for 1841,
Will be drawn at Alexandria, D. C.
16 drawn ballots.
MAGNIFICENT SCHEME.
1 Grand Capital pwize of 50.000 dollars.
1 Splendid prize of 30.000 dollars.
1 do du 4.. 000O dollars.
1 do do I 4o,0i,0 dollars.
I prize of $8,000 10 privy's of $1,500
1 do of 7,000 10 do of 1,250
1 do of 6,000 560 do of 1,000
1 do of 5,000 |0 do of 5MO
1 di of 4,000 50 do of 400
1 do of 2,500 100 do of 300
1 do of 2,311 | 100 do of 250
4 prizes of 2,000 170 do of 200
5 do of 1.750 | &c. &o. &c.
16 drawn numbers out of 78.
Tickets $20-Halves $10-Quarters 88-Eighths $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 26 whole tickets $260
Do do of 26 half do 130
Do do of 26 quarter do 65
Do do of 26 eighth do 82 50
j Orders for "i-eke:lm an h.,reeand c'rtmicaea of pscktieo ,n
the above splendid chnsmes .-li recei e Is eraont prnnipt alien-
tiHon; and the drawing ol each Iver wil t e ent Inmediamslely
after it is over, to all th, or.- r roror u.. Addresa
J. G. GREGORY 4 CO. Mansragers,
july 29--aw6wd&cp Wa.ihgt.un, G.


::k I