Daily national intelligencer

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Daily national intelligencer
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Unknown
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Gales & Seaton ( Washington City D.C. )
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oclc - 2260099
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VOL. XXIX.


WASHINGTON: WEDNESDAY, JULY 21, 1841.


No. 8869


PUBLISHED BY GALES & 4EATON.
TERMS.
DAILY PAPER-810 a year-$i a month for any shorter time.
COUNTRY PAPEa-S6 a year-U4 for six months.
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

WASHINGTON AND ALEXANDRIA BOAT.
STrips of the steamboat JOSEPH
JOHNSON duringthe week termin-
ating on Sunday evening next, July
S25, viz.
Leave Alexandria at 8 and 10 o'clock A. M.
and 3 and 5 P. M.
Leave Washington at 9 and I A.M.
and 4and 6 P.M.
She will also make a daily trip between Alexandria and George-
town, leaving Alexandria at 12 o'clock M. and Georgetown, re-
turning, at 1 o'clock P. M.
july 19-6t IGNATIUS ALLEN, Captain.
FOR CULPEPER COURT-HOUSE, WARREN-
TON, AND FAUO.UIER WHITE SULPHUR
SPRINGS.



T H#- Mail Line of Stages leaves the General Stage Office,
opposite Gadsby's Hotel, daily, at 4 o'clock A. M. via Al-
exandria, Warrenton, Pauquier White Sulphur Springs, to Cul-
peper Court-house.
The Coaches and Teams on this route are ofthe first order, and
no pains will be spared by the owners or drivers to make the pas-
sengers comn fortable.
For seats, apply at the General Stage Office, opposite Gadsby's
Hotel, Washington. JOHN BROWN,
july 16-dlw Agent.




STEAMBOAT AND RAILROAD ROUTE TO
THE VIRGINIA SPRINGS.
Night Travelling Avoided.
T RAVELLERS are hereby informed that their easiest,
most pleasant .j., I i,,.-i it .t;:t..-. route from W ashing-
ton tothe Virginia Spr.*?n:.1 .Vja.t Hr;dge, 4-c. is by the
Potomac steamboat t(. F.-.t. r. i.. ,. I ., h.. ,. bythe Fredericks-
burg railroad to the Junction, and thence by the Louisa railroad
to Charlottesville and Staunton. The whole amount of staging
from the termination of the Louisa railroad to Charlottesville,
being but twenty miles, end to Staunton sixty, over an excellent
road, passing in sight of Monticello and by the celebrated Uni-
versity of Virginia.
Travellers by this route reach the Warm Springs on the even-
ing of the second day, and the White Sulphur on the third day af-
ter leaving Washington, stopping to lodge each night at good inns
on the route.
The stage proprietors on this line are pledged to the Railroad
Companies to have coaches provided equal to the largest number of
passengers which can offer, and that travellers wishing to go to the
White Sulphur Springs by way of the Natural Bridge shall be
taken on without detention or night travelling, or may have extra
coaches to travel at pleasure if they should prefer it.
Returning east from the Springs, passengers leave Staunton
in the morning, sup and lodge at the JunctioT& and arrive in
Washington between 3 and 4 o'clock P. M the next day.
Fare from Washington to Fredericksburg 32 50; thence to
Charlottesville 86.
For seats or further information apply to
T. H. MORGAN, Agent,
july 6 Fredericksburg.
rF )0 TRAVELLERS.-SHARON SPRINGS PAVI-
I LION, Schoharie county, New York.-This new and com-
modious Hotel will be open for the reception of visitors early in
July.
Its location on the verge ofSchoharie, Otsego, and Montgomery
counties, surrounded by a cluster of villages-Cherry Valley,
Cooperstown, Schohatie, Esperance, Springfield, Fort Plain, Ca-
najoharie, Fonda, Ames, and others, and commanding, across ihe
Mohawk valley into Vermont, a view equal to that of the C -tskill
Mountain House, possesses advantages and beauties for a fashion-
able summer resort highly picturesque and desirable.
It is within a few hours ride of Albany, Troy, Saratoga Springs,
Schenectady, Utica, &ec.; it is easily accessible, either from Ca-
najoharie or Fort Plain, on the Alb .ny and Utica railroad, where
carriages leave daily on the anival of the cars, or by the turn-
pike Iomn Albany to Cherry Vallev, by daily stages, being about
lorty-five miles west of the city of Albany.
The rides in the vicinity, the numerous sill -g ;. -'A. n-a. ..
views, neighboring caves, and romantic scenery, wnii 1 .. -i. .-i. ,
ful fishing in Otsego lake, are among the marn, at'r.. i..n 1i,-
I to those seeking in the heat of summer either health or
measure.
Added to these advantages, the pure, clear waters of these
springs, greatly resembling those of the White Sulphur Springs of
Virginia, have been proved to be highly efficacious in rheumatic,
cutaneous, and dyspeptic complaints, and in some respects pos-
sess med cinal and healing pr perties unsurpassed and believed
to be unequalled by any in the United States.
From a certificate of a recent analysis, made for the proprietor
bv one of the most eminent chemists in this country, (I)r. Chil-
ton, of New York,) the following results have been obtained from
one gallon of the water :
Sulphate of magnesia 42.40 grains.
Sulphate of lime 1- il.62 do
Chloride of sodium 2.24 do
Chloride of magnesium 2.40 do
Hydrosulphuret of sodium
Hydrosutphuret of calcium 2.28 do
Vegetable extractive matter
160.94
Snilphureted hydrogen gas, 16 cubic inches.
Warm, cold, and shower baths furnished at all times, either of
the mineral or fresh wator, and every attention given to render
the stay of visitors agreeable. ISAAC G. WILLIAMS.
ISAAC G. WILLIAMS.
Sharon Springs, N. Y. June, 1841. july 6-
tIILDING ESTABLISHMENT lFOR SALE.-A
J good opening for a Gilder.-Will be disposed of on moderate
terms, all the stock in trade, together with the tools. As it is toe
only establishment of the kind in the District, a good Gilder could
not fail to do well. The store, work-shop, and carpenter's shop
may be rented on moderate terms.
Apply at the old-established stand of I. COOPER,
Opposite the National Theatre.
N. B. All persons having left Pictures to be framed, or Look-
ing glasses to be repaired, will lease call for them without delay.
july 10-3awlm
141OR RENT-The dwelling-house at the west end of
Washington, formerly Capt. Ramsay's, and recently va-
cated by Mr Hudson, of the British Legation.
Application may be made to Mr. Carlisle, attorney-at-law, at
his office at the City Hall. july 7-dtf
OARDING.-Permsnent and transient boarding can be
had at Mrs. CONNOR'S Boarding House, on Pennsylvania
avenue, between 3d and 4j streets.
Mrs. CONNOa is obliged to her patrons and friends for the libe-
ral share of patronage she has had for the last eight years. She
has now several vacant rooms, which are large and fitted up in
the beststyle, and can be had on moderate terms.
N. B. The avenue is watered twice every day, which makes it
now a very pleasant part of the city to reside on.
july 2-eeo2w
FOR SALE-The substantial and convenient three-
story brick house, west end of the Six Buildings, at pre-
sent occupied by Dr. Win. B. Johnston. The house has
been placed in thorough repair within the present year. Terms
moderate. Title unexceptionable. Half the purchase-money
may remain on mortgage on the premises. For further infornma-
tion apply to the present occupant. june 17-dIm
ALBERT GALLATIN ON THE BANKS AND
Currency of the United States, and the present Sus-
pension of Specie Payments; pamphlet, New York, June, 1841.
Also, Remarks" (by Nathan Appleton, Boston, May, 1841,) "on
Currency and Banking, having reference to the present Derange-
ment of the Circulating Medium in the United States," in pamph-
let. The above works this day received and for sale by P. TAY-
LOR, together with many other valuable works, both English and
American, on Currency, Finance, and the other branches of Po-
litical Economy, too numerous for the limits of an advertisement,
but much more full and complete as a collection than can be found
elsewhere in the UnitedI States. jouse 14


G RtAPHIC 1 K 'tiTtaHIS 'iKOuM U4,11)AND AU-
thentic Works, illustrating thecostume, habits, and charac-
ter of the Aborigines of America, together with rare and curious
fragments relating to thb discovery and settlement of the country.
Just published and for sale at the book and stationery store of
R. FARNHAM.
T HE SUBSCRIBER offers for rent his corimmodious two
-I- story brick dwelling on Frederick street, Georgetown, re-
cently put in complete order.
iuly 9-ee6t WM. G. RIDGELY.


.N 14Wt BtOOKS.-Just published, and for sale by F. TAY-
l LOR: The Nestorians, or The Lost Tribes, by Dr. A.
Grant; containing evidence of their identity, their manners, cus-
toms, and ceremonies, with illustrations of scripture-prophecy;
together with the travels of the author in ancient Assyria, Meso-
potamia, &c. I vol. The Martyrs of Science, by Sir David
Brewster; being the lives qf Galileo, Tycho Brahe, and Kepler.
1 vol. 50 cents. Iceland, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands, 1
vol.; being No. 131 of Harper's Family Library, with notes and
engraving,. Price 50 cents. july 6
M RS. GASSAWAY, corner of Penasylvanla Ave-
ntue and 10Oth street, has three pleasant rooms va-
cant. july 16-eo2w
FIf EACHER WANTED.-Thea undersigned wish to
- employ a teacher to take charge ol a school of twenty
scholars. Testimonials ofunexceptionable moral character and of
competency to teach Greek and Latin, and the English branches
usually taught in schools. The salary is $400 per annum.
Address CHARLES A. PYE,
F. NEALE,
JOHN D. FREEMAN.
July 17-2w Port Tobeacco, Maryland.
ROCKY MOUNTAIN Otter and Beaver Hats-
The richest drab Hit ever worn. Also, a case of white
sfid black Bamboo Hats. Just received, light and cheap.
july 14-Sd3tc SW. HANDY.


ERVANT WANTED.-The subscriber wishes tohire
a servant woman to ceok, wash, and iron ; and for such a one,
who can furnish satisfactory evidence of her capacity and good
character, liberal wages will be given.
D. W. MIDDLETON,
july 14-eo3t near the City Hall.
P.A'Ku -ROAr).Tr IFOR tSOTT- ILLE A N-D
LYNCHBURG.-Summer Arrangements.-Our
Iron packet-boats John Marshall, C, it. Hull, and J. C. Cabell,
Captain Huntley, will leave Richmn.nd, from onr landing, at the
head of the basin, for the above places, on Monday, Wednesday,
and Friday, at 8 o'clock A. M. precisely.
By this arrangement passengers for Tennessee and Guyan-
dotteelta will not be detained in Lynchburgas heretofore. Our boats
will also connect with thie line of stages from Scottsville to
Staunton.
This is now the cheapest and best route to the different Virgi-
nia Springs, and offers many other inducements to travellers for
preference.
The invalid will be pleased with his easy, comfortable, and safe
passage ; the beautiful and romantic scenery will delight the ad-
mirers of Nature, and the rich, far famed and highly cultivated
James River low grounds and highlands will gratify the agricultu-
rist and man of taste.
On our arrival 01 I tin'-1 wer, passengers have a choice of two
routes to the i,- j -A 1 t,.jr Springs, with an assurance thatall
shall be sent on-two lines of stages running over the Natural
Bridge and by Dibbrell's Springs, and the other by Liberty, Fin-
castler and the Sweet Springs.


july 3-d3w


BOYD, EDMUND & CO.
Richmond.


BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE Q'l-MPANY
JOHN J. DONALDSON, Pseitzs.iDi' -
1N6URES LIVESforone rmoreyears,or -"
Rates for One Hundred Dallars.
Age. One year. Seven years. For life.
25 1.00 1.12 2.04
30 1.31 1.36 2.36
35 1.36 1.53 2.75
40 1.69 1.83 3.20
45 1.91 1,96 3.73
50 1.96 2.09 4.60
55 2.32 3.21 5.78
60 435 4.91 7.00
GRANTS ANNUITIES.
Rates for One Hundred Dollams.
60 years of age, 10.55 per cent.
65 do. 12.27 do. > perannum,
70 do. 14.19 do.
SELLS ENDOWMENTS.
For One Hundred Dollars deposited at birth of ehild,the Corn
pany will pay, if he attain 21 years ofage, $469
At six months, 408
One year, 375
The Company also executes trusts; receives money on deposit,
paying interest semi-annually, or compounding it, and makes
all kinds of contracts in which life or the interest of money is in.
volved. WILLIAM MURDOCK, Secretary.
AGENTS.
James H. Causten, City of Washington.
Dr. B. R. Wellford, Fredericksburg, Virginia.
H. Baldwin, Richmond, Vs.
D. Robertson, Norfolk, Va.
A. S. fridball, Winchester, Va.
George Richards, Leesburg, Va. marl-l y
ITEW BOOKS.-Life and Literary IRemains of L. E. L,
.L' by Laman Blunchard, in 2 v.-I ..-i.j. EFit, V., or the July
Four, by one of the Party. Also, N : .,.- i Chas. O'Malley;
and No. 8 Barnaby Rudge, are this day published and for sale by
W. W. MORRISON,
june 30 Four doors west of Brown's.


IOR SALE OR RENT.--Tho commodious and roomy
House on H and 21st streets west, with good stables, out-
houses, and large garden, and all other accommodations for a
large family, in perfect repair for immediate occupation. The
premises may be viewed by application for the key at the carpen-
ter's shop of Mr. Wilson, at the corner ofH an, 20th streets; near
the premises, june 1- 3taw ltif
N OTICE.-I am instructed by the honorabletheCircuit
Court oh the District of Columbia for the county of Washing-
ton to advertise a fine Lepine Gold Watch, four holed jewelled,
with gold chain and key. This watch was found in possession of
a person who was arrested en the 4th Marsh last, at the Presi-
dent's House, as a pickpocket, and is supposed to have been
stolen. Should any one have lost such an article, they will please
apply atthis effiae. ALEXANDER HUNTER,
july 5-dtf Marshal of the districtt ofColumblia.
IT I R U --NI) 1) IDV1 ELLI N (- il-. .1 I-' E V I r. N T
I-The subscriber offers for rent an excellent two-story brick
house with a large enclosure, situated on square No. 200, near
Mr. Matthew St. Clair Clarke's residence, lately occupied by Mr.
F. Patrick. The promises are undergoing sonm repairs, and will
be ready for a tenant in a week's time.
Also for rent, the store and cellar on Pennsylvania Avenue,
opposite B:own's Hotel, where I used to keep store. It is a good
stand, and well calculated for any business. Imrediatoe posses
sion can be given. For terms, &e., apply to G. C. GRAMMER,
at the Franklin Insurance Office.
july 7-2aw tf
IN EW MARBLE YARD, corner of Ist street and
S Pennsylvania Avenue.-The subscriber, late tram
Philadelphia, begs leave to inform Ihis friends and the Public that
he has just established a Marble Yard in this city, where he in-
tends to keep constantly on hand Tombstones of every description,
Monuments, and other articles in his line, of Italian and Ameri-
can Marble, which he is willing to sell at very moderate prices to
any person who will favor him with a call.
hie will also undertake to ex cute orders in any kind of Mar-
ble work, either small or extensive, with which he might be fa-
vored, and hopes, by strict attention to hisa business, (with which
he is :h....-,.1,ih acquainted,) to give general satisfaction.
junI I- -...i L. STEGAGNINI.


r73HE NEW ENGLIAND GAZETTEER, contain-
U ing descriptions of sll the State, counties, and towns in
New Egland; also, descriptions of the principal mountains,
rivers, I kes, capes, ha s, harbors, islands, and fashionable re-
sorts within th -t territory alphabetically i -,.-:' -l by Juhlmn Hay-
ward, authorofthe Columbian Traveller, H .. .- Creeds, &c.
tenth edition, is for sale by W. M. MORRISON, 4 doors west of
Brown's Hotel. june 21
L AND FOR SALE.-The subscriber offers at private
sale a large tract of Land lying in Prince George's county,
Maryland, about ten miles from X., l.;,..- ..a -u eight miles
from Alexandria. The roads fro'', \' ,i.i,..T.-.. to Nottins-
ham, from Alexandria to Upper Marlborough and Nottingham,
from Upper Marlborough to Piscataway, and many others, pass
through this tract, which has been recentlysurveyed and divided
into small farms of two hundred and three hundred acres each.
A portion of this tract consists of very valuable timber and wood
land, not more than five or six miles fomr Upper Marlborough,
adjoining the estates ofR. D. Sewall and Richard Trest, Esquires.
This land will be sold very low, and on a credit of from one to ten
years, upon the purchaser giving satisfactory security.
Any application, made in person or by letter, to the subscriber,
near Bladensburg, or to John Calvert, Esq., residing at Mount
Airy, within two miles of the land, will be promptly attended to;
and thIe lhnd will be shown to any one disposed to purchase, by
John Calvert, Esq.
june 16-2awtf CHARLES B. CALVERT.


T IIE WII)OW MORRISON, a leaf from the Book of
9 Human Life, by the author of Insubordination, just publish-
ed, and for sale at the Bookstore of R. FARNHAM,
may 3 between 9th end 10th streets, Penn. av.
T HE PIANO FORTE PRIMER, containing the ru-
Sdiments of music; calculated either for private tuition or
teaching iun classes, by J. F. Burrows, from the latest London
edition, with addition.
For sale at the Book and Stationery store of
R. FARNHAM,
july 5 Between 9th and O1th streets, Penn. avenue.
HE WORLD IN A POCKET-BOOK, or Uni-
T versal Popular Statislics of the Commeree, Agriculture,
Revenue, Government, Manufactures, Population, Army, Navy,
Religion, Crime, Press, Geography, History, Remarkable Fea-
tures and Events, Navigation, Inventions, Discoveries, &c. of ev-
ery Nation on the Globe, with the United Suites Census of 1840;
Statistics ofthe Binle and Missionary Societies of the World ; of
Specie, Currency, Banking, Steam, Cuton, Iron, Coal, Silk, Ge-
ology, &c.; a Biographical Summary of Eminent Men of all Na-
tions, and a great amount ofoither useful matter, all contained in
one volume, for the pocket or writing desk, or for the traveller.
Price one dollar. Dedicated to the Manufacturers, Farmers,
Merchants, and Mechanics of the United States.
Just published and this day received for sale by
July 5 F. TAYLOR.
OLLECTIONS OF TIIE NEW YORK HISTO-
RICAL SOCIETY, new series, vol. 1. Just publish-
ed and this day received for sale by F. TAYLOR, containing Ver-
razzano's voyage from Carolina to Newfoundland, 1554; Laot-
brcehten's History and Van dcr Donck's Description of New
Netherlands; Extracts from the Voyages of De Vries and De
Laet; Juet's Journal of Hudson's V '.,it ; Correspondence be-
tween New Netherlands and New Ilt,'.....h, 1627; Argall's Ex-
pedition to Acadia and to Manhattan Island,1613; and much other
interesting matter, with a map of New Netherlands and a View
of New Amsterdam (now New York) in 1656. july 5
F4H IS IS TO GIVE NO I ICE that the subscriber has
1 obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington county.
in the District of Columbia, letters testamentary on the personal
estate of George W. Montgomery, late of Washington county,
deceased. All persons having claims against the said deceased
are hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof,
to the subscriber, on or before the I Ith day of June next; they
may otherwise, by law, be excluded from all be-,efit of said estate.
Given under my hand this 16th day of Juns, 1841.
GILBERT RODMAN,
july 7-w3w Executor.
IFTY DOZEN CONGRESS KNIVES.-W. FIS-
CHER, Importer and Dealer in Fancy and Staple Station-
ery, has just received, by the Ship "Roscius," direct from the
celebrated manufacturers, Messrs. Joseph Rodgers & Sons, Fifty
Dozen of their very best Congress Knives, in stag and pearl han-
dles. Also, a good assortment of Sportsman's, Wharncliffe's, and
other Knives, Razors, Erasers, Scissors, and Razor Strops. All
of which will be sold at Stationers' Hall, at reasonable and uni-
Sform prices. july 8-2w3taw


IMPROVEMENT OF RED RIVER, LOUISIANA.

SEALED PROPOSALS will be received until the first day of
September next for executing the following works of improve-
ment on Red river, Louisiana. The proposals will be addressed
to J. J. Abert, Colonel Corps Topographical Engineers, Wash-
ington, District of Columbia, and endorsed on the envelope Pro-
posals for the improvement of the Red river."
Items of work to be done.
S1st. To remove, by a day to be stated in the proposal, the present
raft situated in the main navigable channel of Red river, at and
near Phelp's landing, and embracing a distance of about three
miles, together with any and all additions that may be made to the
same by new accumulations of drifted materials prior to the com-
pletion of the removal -f aid raft.
2d. To eradicate 1 '- 'he main navigable
channel I -'.- s, bogs, wrecks,
&c. that toa' i-.ii.r be found to s main navi-
gable channel, and to keep the same open beta outlet of
Red Bayou, near the northerly boundary of Louisiana and the
confluence ofasaid main navigable stream with Bayou Pierre river
six miles above Grand Ecore, embracing the entire district affect-
ed 6y the old raft.
It is expected that the work of the 1st item will be done by the
first day of February next; that of thie second may be extended
thr..i. hi a series of years. Proposals will be made accordingly.
It,. parties offering for the work and obtaining the contract will
moreover be required to execute various other works of the follow-
ing character, viz.
3d. The formation ofeuts.-offat the gorges of bends.
4th. The reduction and removal of willow points at abrupt turns
of the channel.
5th. The felling of trees, &c. standing on the banks of the chan-
nel; and
6th. Such other works as may be deemed conducive to the im
provement of the navigation of the rivar.
All works herein contemplated will be executed under the di-
rections of a superintending engineer, and from items 3 to 6 inclu-
sive for such rates of compensation as he may deem equitable and
just. The said engineer being authorized to accept thie voluntary
assistance of a commission, on the part of the inhabitants of the
Red river country, in order to aid him in the inspection of work
done, in verifying the same according to the terms of the contract,
in estimating the value of the different items of work and the
amounts payable therefore, and in declaring a contract void in case
of a failure on the part of the contractors to comply with the con-
ditions and stipulations of thie contracts.
Payments under contracts to be made semi annually and after
inspection of the work done. Bidders will name their sureties.
Bonds fir the faithful performance of contracts will be exacted in
the penal sum of one-fourth of the estimated value of the whole
work covered by the contract. Ten per cent. of amounts periodi-
cally due under contracts will be retained and forfeited as part of
the penalty in cases of failure of contractors.
The United States steamboat Eradicator with tools and equip-
menit to be taken by the contractor at a fair valuation, or on bids
in the proposals, and accounted for in work done under contract.
BUaZAU ToP. ENGINRnS, JULY 8, 1841.
july 10-3taw4w
M ISS MORLEY has received three of the beautiful and
unique Neapolitan Bonnets, of which there is only one in
the city. The texture prevents injury from compression, and
their becoming purity of color has rendered them indispensable
adjuncts to the young traveller to Saratoga, hire Sulphur, &c.
july 15-tf
nALL & BRtOTHER have just received-
300 pairs Este's slippers
300 pairs Mitchell's & McCrdy's slippers
500 yards Ginghams at 12 cents per yard
3,000 4-4 painted Lawns at 25 cents, handsome style
3 bales Brown Cotton at 61 cents. july 8-2aw2w
P IANO FO 'RTES.-My late invoice of Pianosby the Bre-
men ship Johannis, direct from E. Rosenkranz, Dresden,
are of superior workmanship, tone, and touch. These Pianos are
made by my own directions, with iron plates, extra iron braces,
and 7 extra keys from the 6 octave. They are fitted up in a hand-
some style, and I only want them examined to prove their good
qualities. I have been dealing in these Pianos for the lastseven or
eight years, and rmy knowledge of tihe durability of them enables
me to recommend Ernst Rosenkranz' best made Pianos to the Pub-
lic generally as not surpassed by any. They will be sold retail
or wholesale to suit the times. Apply at 22 Light street, Bait.
N.B. Old Piar.os taken in exchange.
july 9--dl9t JOSHUA M. MILLER.
BREEN TURTLES in all the different manners in
which they may so dressed, salt water terrapins accord-
ingly in the same matinner. All other luxuries as usual.
july 5-tf J. BOULANGER.
-':RICTION MATCHES.-10 gross boxes of the une-
S qualled Friction Matches, so universally approved of, have
ust been received at Stationers' Hall; and, owing to the prefer-
ence shown and increasing demand for the article, the suescriber
has been induced to reduce thie price.
june 28 W. FISCHER.
0'`1 0 TEACHERS.-A situation worth a thousand dollars a
l year as Principal of a high school is to be disposed of, and
immediate possession ..:. *. Particulars may be learned by ad-
dress to H. W. City P..:,' (ti .., or on application to D. A. Hall,
Eso. at the City Hall in Washington. July 14-3t
EMALE TEACHER.-A young lady, well qualified
wishes to obtain a situation as a teacher in a private family,
or otherwise, in Maryland, Virginia, or North Carolina.
Further information may be obtained by inquiry personally, or
by letter, of H. Hall, Member of Congress from Vermont.
july 14-eo2w
0O TRUSTEES OF ACADEMIES, Ac.-Agen-
tieman and his wife, competent to teach the various branch-
es of a thorough education, including the Greek and Latin clas-
sics, French, Music on the Piano Forte, a critical and extensive
course of Mathematics, with the usual minor branches of a fin-
ished education, are desirous of obtaining a situation where the
services of both may be required, or in a boy's school, where the
higher branches would be pursued. The most satisfactory refer-
enceos as to literary and moral standing can be given, and further
particulars obtained, by applying (postage paid) to X. Y. Z., Post
Office, Baltimore, Maryland. july 7-d2w
PRINCIPAL TEACHER WANTED.-In conse-
quence of thie appointment of the undersigned to the Pro-
fessorship of M' rvn I scunu.tsc'v at thie University of Virginia,
the Trustees off 't. 1. I.,. 11 ,i tchoel, St. Mary's county, Md.,
desire to appoint another Principal, at their meeting on the 28th
instant.
Applications to be directed, free of postage, to Charles F. A.
*.,,it . r ofthe School, are therefore invited.
Evidences of morality, of familiarity with school discipline, of
competent attainments in ancient Greek and Latin, in the Mathe-
matics, and in the English branches commonly taught in Acade-
iiies, are to be exhibited. Proficiency in French would also be
desirable. Although there is a regular boarding-house kept by
the steward of the Institution, the Principal is expected to keep
a dozen of boarders. The duties of the school will be resumed,
after the August vacation, at the commencement of September
next.
The remuneration is 8800 per annum, payable quarterly, a
house with out-houses, a garden, all free ef rent.
The site of Charlotte Hall is not surpassed by that of any other
place, as regards salubrity of the region, and excellence of water.
It is with great and sincere regret that the undersigned will
withdraw from so desirable a situation during the month of Aug-
ust next.
july8-dim&cplm CHARLES KRAITSIR, M. D.
DOUBLE PATENT PERRYIAN FILTER
INKSTAND.-Perry & Son having effected consider-
able improvement in their Filter Inkstand, have nowthe pleasure
to announce hliat a second patent has been granted to them for
such improvement, which they have united with their first patent
under the title of "Double Patent Filter nlskstand." The eu-
logy bestowed on the Patent Filter Inkstand by the public jour-
nals, and the preference obtained for them over the common ink-
stands, were almost unprecedented. The present novel and sci-
entifi method of supplying cear ink to the dipping cup, and re-
turning it into the reservoir, is exceedingly simple, the action being
now performed by merely lifting up the lid to obtain a supply and
shutting it down to withdraw it; in this state it cannot overflow,
whatever may be the change of temperature, and it is protected
fin,, dust or otherinjury in any place or climate. When the ink-
stand is filled, it is always ready for use, and the writer will have
a regular and daily supply of clear ink for four or six months.
Just received and for sale at the Stationery Store of
R. FARNHAM,
Where may be found French, English, and American Station-
ery, and wusuranted equal to any in the market, wholesale and
retail, mar 31
ARRISON AND TYLER.-Likeeessesof Harrison
and Tyier, lby Fenderichi, for sale at the Bookstore of
R. FARNHAM,
may 26 Between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
LEXANDRIA L'OUNDRY, Steam-engine and
Machine Factory.-Iron, brass, and composition cast-
ings of every description, high and low pressure steam engines,
fire engines, sheet-iron boats, mill and tobacco screws, turning
lathes, bells of all sixes, letter copying presses, &c. or other ma-
chinery, executed promptly, and on the most favorable terms by
T. W. & R. C. SMITH,
The above have a very large assortment of patterns for mill and
other gearing, &c. Also, a variety oh handsome patterns for cast-
iron railings, &c.
They have for sale-
One locomutiveengine
One 20 horse high pressure engine
Two 8 horse do do
One 3 horse do do
All of whicis are completed, and will be sold very low if early
application is made. oct 3-ly
COMMISSIONER OF DEEDS,&c. FOR THE
STATES OF MASSACHUSETTS, CONNEC-


TICUT, AND NEW YORK.-The undersigned sivesno-
tice that, hy appointment of the Executives of the States above
named, he has the power ofa Commissioner in the District ofCo-
lumbia to take the acknowledgment of deeds and administeroaths
to be usei or recorded in either of the said States.
His office is in the west wing of the City Hall, Washington.
D. A. HALL,
jan 16--tawtf AttorneyatLaw.
011'%1V1--DI II-.-n MIED)I.. Al. LlIH A i 1. 1iI..lth.
Containing Rheumatism, Gout, Dropsy, Scurvy, &c. Also,
the five volumes full bound in leather, to match the 7th No. of
Barnaby Rudge, are this day received, and for sale by
W. M MORRISON,
june 14 Four doors west of Brown's Hotel.


FOR PHILADELPHIA.
The schooner ORATOR, Hand's line, Captain
Hughes, will sail for the above port on Friday, the
23d instant.
For freight apply to the ("it.air on board at Berry
& Pickrell's wharf, Georgetown. july 20-3t


AVY YARD BRIDGE.-A dividend of one and a half
N per cent. on the capital stock has been declared, payable on
the 21st July, 1841, at the office of C. S. Fowler & Co.
juily20-St (C. S. FOWLER, Treasurer.
S OMEITHING NEW.-The ladies of F street Presby.
I terian Church,for the first time, will hold a FAIR for the
benefit of said church, on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, the
'9th, 20th, and 21st instant, in the Hall of the Perseverance Fire
Company, near the Centre Market, commencing at I11 o'clock
each day, and continoi ng during the day and evening.
Mr. Win. Buist ihas kindly consented to make the room un-
usually attractive by floral contributions, &c.
The Pitcher Plant, that wonderful production of Flora's king-
dom, will be exhibited during the sale.
Refreshments can be had at the usual prices.
Admittance 121 cents. july 17-4t
LACK MOLESKIN HATS.-Just received, ai as-
sortment of those celebrated Moleskin Hats, (which have
been so much lauded An the papers,) from the manufactory of 0.
Fish, No. 137 Broadway. The great demand for them in New
York has prevented us from introducing them hero before; bi)t in
future we will keep a full assortment, at the Gentlemen's Furnish-
ing Store, Brown's Hotel, 2 doors west of the main entrance.
july 20- ROBERTS & FISH.
HEAT SALE OF VALUABLE MATHEMAT-
ICAL, ASTRONOMICAL, AND MARINE IN-
STRU" RNTS.-On Friday next, the 23d instant, at 9 o'clock
A. M '1,11 sell, at our store, a very valuable collection of
Miath I rand other instruments, of the very best manufac-
ture. ',.,g of-
I i,...L. levelling Instruments, Surveying Compasses, with
single and double sight
The most approved marine, office, parlor, and mountain Ba-
rometers, with books of reference and explanation
Quadrants and Sextants ; a great variety of single and com-
pound Microsacopes, with great power
An extensive assortment of house, parlor, out-door, brewer's,
gardener's, and self-adjusting Thermometers
A variety of Kaleidoscopes; a choice selection of day and night
Telescopes, with extra power
Astronomical Telescopes, on brass stands; Shipping and Pock-
et Telescopes, of extra quality
Magic Lanterns, with a variety of astronomical, conic, and na-
"usi, i. v: .1 ., bras, and wood Compasses
I" I L. .J ,, for taking plans and designs; Measuring
Tapes, in leather and brass, from 6 to 100 feet long
1 Daguerreotype Apparatus, of the latest and most approved
construction
Elegant Portable Desks, Dressing Cases, and inlaid Inkstands,
oa the most beautiful construction
Medicine Chests, of a very superior kind, fitted with medi-
cines in a very neat and convenient style
Masons' Plumbs and Levels, accurately set in brass and ma-
hogany, of all sizes
Cases of Drawing Instruments, in brass and German silver
Philosophical Apparatus, for chemical and other put poses.
The above articles are now opening, and may be examined at
anytime previous to the sale.
Terms at sale. DYER & WRIGHT,
july 20 Auctioneers.
In The sale will be continued in the afternoon, at 4 o'clock.
N OTICE.-The partnership heretofore existing between
the subscribers, under the name ofG. W. Phillips & Wall,
has this day been dissolved by mutual consent. All persons in-
debted to the said firm are requested to make payment to Wall &
Sasseer, (at the same stand,) who are legally authorized to receipt
for the same. G. W PHILLIPS
july 20-3t SAMUEL T. WALL.
W E, THE SUBSCRIBERS. '.,, ;...,r.t ... f G
W.Phillips his interest in the bus. .-i P.. ..
& Wall, intend keeping at all times on hand a well-assorted stock
of dry goods, which we are determined to sell cheap for cash or
to punctual customers; and hope, from our attention to business,
to retain the customers of ltie late firm. We have removed to
the cornrier of 7th street, opposite the Centre Market, one door
east of the old stand of G. W. Phillips.
july 20-6t WALL & SASSCER.
LH RESH TURNIP SEED.-Just received from D.
U Landreth. of Philadelphia, a fresh supply of Turnip Seed,
such as Early Dutch, Early Stone, Red Top, Dale's Hybrid and
Ruts Bags Turnip. Also, Gardening Tools of various kinds for
sale by A. GARDINER,
july 20-3t F street, between 9th and 10th.
7ORK SPRINGS, Adams county, Pennisylvania.
S This old and well-known Water Establishnient will be
open for the reception of visitors on the 1st day of June next.
The proprietors have made extensive preparations, and assure the
Public that no other place can offer superior inducements, in the
attention of the bestservants, the bar, or the table, and its healthy
and pleasant situation.
The quality of the water is so well known as to require no ex-
position here.
A daily conveyance of railroad and etqpe Pan be had from Bal-
timore, by way of York, to the York -r. and travelling by
stage by way of Hanover.
CHARLES KETTLEWELL,
ARNOLD GARDNER,
Proprietors.
P.S. The Proprietors have engaged the best music.
may 22-eotJuly 20
A RARE CHANCE.-A partner is wanted in a respecta-
ble and lucrative business already established in this city.
A small capital of$1,5H6 or $2,000,with necessary business quali-
fications, will be required. Address 0. P. Q., through the city
post office. july 16--6teed
XCHANGE HOTEL,-Baltimore.-The subscriber,
ever desirous to meet the wishes of the t'- ,. iin- commiu-
nity, has now the pleasure of informing his friends that he has
added about fifty new and airy rooms to his hotel, which he trusts
will enable hiu, to accommodate all who may patronize his house.
From the encouragement lie has received, and from a determine
tion to meet the views (as far as possible) of his friends, he flatters
himself that old friends will continue, and new ones be induced to
give him a trial. Its near approximation to the Railroad Depots
and the several steamboats, the large, airy, and well ventilated
apartments, and healthy location, make it a desirable place for
Southern as well as Northern travellers. Respectfully,
JOSEPH JEWETT,
july 10--2taw3m Proprietor.
ARGUMENT OF ROBERT J. WALKER be-
fore the Supreme Court of the United States on the Mis-
sissippi Slave Qaestion, involving the power of Congress and of
the States to prohibit the inter-State slave trade, and the whole
doctrine of illegal contracts.
For sale in pamphlet by P. TAYLOR. July 14
OAK AND PINE WOOD.
WASHINGTON ASYLUM, JUNE 18, 1841.
P ROPOSALS will be received, until the first Friday in
August next, for furnishing and delivering at the Asylum
100 cords best quality red or black Oak Wood, and 50 cords good
Spruce Pine Wood; to be corded, inspected, and measured at the
Asylum, at the expense of the contractor, and to be approved of
by the Board of Guardians before being paid for.
The Intendant will receive the offers from persons desirous of
furnishing the above wood. july 10-eo2w
LOOtDED HORSES FOR SALE.-The subscriber
will dispose of ten or twelve head of blooded stock of ap-
proved pe4i7.rp ,i: amongst which are three brood mares now in
foal, thr .: iii,. ir. years old the past spring, now under the
bridle ; the others yearlings and this spring's foals.
To a gentleman or company who may desire good Maryland or
Virginia stock, a purchase may be made on favorable terms. Full
pedigrees will be furnished.
DANIEL JENIFER.
Milton Hill, Charles County, Maryland.
june 29-- d&ep3w
rgHE QUEENS OF' ENGLAND.-Lives of the
A Queens of England, from the Norman Conquest, by Agnes
Strickland; Gout, Rheumatism, Dropsy, Scurvy, &c. being the
5th volume of Tweedie's Library of Practical Medicine; a Week
in Wall Street, by One Who Kiows; Ten Thousand a Year, five
numbers bound together in one volume. Just received by
F. TAYLOR,
june 18 Immediately east of Gadsby's.
FREDERICK COUNTY BANK ROBBERY.--
Part of the Stolen Funds Recinvered.--5,OO
Dollars Reward for the Robber, and 20 per crut. tlr
the residue ot the stolen Funds.--Te Frederick County
Bank having recovered all its own issues except the small suoo
stated below, together with the State Bonds and Certiucates, sto-
n from its vaults ot the night of Saturday, the 22d of May last,
and the robbers being yet untaken, and having in their possession
the residue of the funds stolen, viz.
In Gold Eagles, Half-Eagles, Sovereigns, &c. 810,049
In Notes and Bills on other Banks and Checks 7-,052
In Frederick County Btnk Notes 1,542
Aggregate 18,643
At a meeting of the President and Directors of the Bank, held
at the Banking-house, in Frederick, Maryland, on the 29th
day of June, 1841, it was ordered that in lieu of all other rewards
heretofore offered, a reward of 20 per cent. be now offered for the
recovery of the whole residue of the stolen funds, consisting of
gold and notes on other Banks, and Frederick County Bank is-
sues, as above stated, and the same per cent. on the amount deli-
vered for any part of the same; and that a separate reward of
$5,000 be offered for the apprehension and conviction of the rob
her, or, in case there be more titan one, S2,500 for the apprehen-
sion and conviction of the first, and a proportionable part of the
residue of the said $5,01)0 for each of the others.
By order of the Board. HENRY DOYLE,
july 2-eo4w Cashier of the Frederick County Bank.
MRSo ANSELL has several rooms vacant, and will be
pleased to accommodate a few permanent or transient
boarders. Her house is very delightfully situated on 6th street,
between E and F streets, and every attention will be paid to the
comfort of those who may favor her with their patronage.


July 19-eolw
OR RENT, at Mrs. SAWKINS'S, on P street, between
13th and 14th streets, four furnished and comfortable rooms,
on the first and second floors, with or without board.
july 19-eo3t


;a,,


Farewell to the Whigs 'tis with something of sorrow,
As gentlemen born, that I wish them good bye!
Their jay is departed, no hope for the morrow,
Like the last leaves of autumn all withered they lie!
Even such is the end of the Whigs' hapless story,
Deceiv'd by the tricks of a juggler and knave,
They swerv'd from the straightforward course of true glory,
The dupes of a demon, they dug their own grave !
I humbly opine that harp would have been better; sad lyre
sounds so queer-like.-PEINTEi's DmVy.


FROM LATE ENGLISH PAPERS.
Received from the European Correspondent of the
National Intelligencer.

THE. NEW PROJECTILE.-In the House of Commons, June
16th, Mr. WAKLEY inquired ef Lord Viscount Ingestre
whether some experiments, said to have been witnessed by
his Lordship, which were performed by Mr. Warner, to de-
monstrate the power and utility of certain inventions, alleg-
ed to be applicable to military and naval conflicts, were cor-
rectly described in the Times, and in a pamphlet recently
published by Mr. Walesby, the barrister.
Viscount INOESTRE, in answer to the question of the Hon.
member for Finshury, would state shortly to the House that
the experiment alluded to by the Hon. member had succeed-
ed. He regretted, however, very much, that the subject had
been brought before the public either in the shape of a pam-
phlet or a newspaper report. He (Lord Ingestre) had no
hesitation in stating his own opinion on the subject, particu-
larly as that opinion was concurred in by Admiral Sir R.
King and Sir T. Hardy. The opinions of these distinguish-
edl officers on the subject were recorded on paper, and he
(Lord Ingestre) felt no hesitation after them in stating that
the invention was one of great importance to this country.
General Sir G. Murray, at his (Lord Ingestre's) solicitation,
went to witness the experiment alluded to, and was struck,
as every one must be, at the immense power included in so
small a compass. That officer had since told him that he had
been with the First Lord of the Treasury upon the subject
in question, and that it was his opinion that the matter ought
to be inquired into. There was another circumstance rela-
ting to this affair worthy of remark. Had the inventor availed
himself of the offers made to him from foreign countries, he
must at once have relieved himself from all his embarrass-
ments ; but he stated that he had rather sacrifice his best in-
terests than that such an invention should be lost to his na-
tive country. [Hear, hear.] It was, he (Lord Ingestre)
thought, a cruelty to the individual not to take his invention
into consideration, and it was his (Lord I,,gtstrr'. intention
to have suatainud distinct motion to the Houseon the matter.
Sir F. BURDETT said hlie had been a witness to the experi-
ment, and though no one could adequately judge of it who
had not seen war, he would state that he could not conceive
a sight more astonishing. The contrast between the small
bulk and trivial appearance of' the instrument and the mighty
effects produced was most marvellous. The I-Hon. baronet
then went on to describe the explosion, which scattered the
substance against which the projectile was directed into frag-
ments, some of which were blown over a grove of high tiees
near the spot. He had himself raised up a fragment about
half as large as the table. He hoped means would be taken
to secure to the country a power of such magnitude, and
which those who could estimate it said would produce effects
infinitely greater than any invention of the kind yetheard of.
Mr. BROTHERTON thought that publicity ought not to be
given to inventions for the destruction of human life.
Rumors of the most silly character are daily circulated re-
specting official changes and appointments. Many of these
rumors are manifestly untrue; for who would take appoint-
ments, to be held during pleasure, from a ministry at the
point of death'7 Ministers might be willing enough to ship
off a friend to Bombay, or to gratify another friend by so
splendid appointment as the French embassy; but who would
accept such favors, with the certainty of their being almost
instantly revoked The case of Lord Heytesbury is not for-
gotten.-Post.
HER MAJESTY'S STATE BALL.-At the second Slate Ball
for the season on Thursday, at Buckingham Palace, the di-
plomatic corps and several hundreds of the nobility and gen-
try were present; the ladies in new and elegant dresses, and
the gentlemen in their respective court costumes and uni
forms, the members of orders of knighthood wearing their
respective insignia. There were present, besides the ambas-
sadors, great officers of State, and of the royal household,
15 dukes, 11 duchesses, 17 marquisses, 14 marchionesses,
61 earls, 50 countesses, 37 viscounts, 23 viscountesses, 91
lords, 209 ladies, and honorables, baronets, knights, and gen-
tlemen innumerable.
AN IMPORTUNATE LOVER.--John Morris, a bellows-maker,
appeared before Mr. Henry, on a warrant charging him with
assaulting the person of Miss Sophia Kirk, and also threaten-
ing to shoot her, or do her some grievous bodily harm.
The comlplainant, a pretty little blue-eyed lass, stated that
the bellows-maker, while lodging at her father's, had made
violent love to her; but she, not altogether fancying him, re-
fused to keep his company," and the consequence was thal
he vowed and declared he would not permit the attention of
any other person to her, and that if she persisted in her in-
tention to discard him he would have his revenge by shoot-
ing her, or doing her some serious mischief. On the day
mentioned in the warrant, while speaking to a young man
" that she knowed," the defendant came up to her, and in a
rage of jealousy struck her, and she, in return, tore his shirt
and waistcoat.
The defendant admitted the whole of Miss Kirk's state-
ment, and said that, however hurtful to his feelings, he would
never again interfere with the fair complainant in any way.
Mr. Henry asked the complainant if she would be satisfied
with the promise on the part of the defendant.
Miss Kirk replied that as she did not wish to hurt the
young man she would be satisfied with his promise, provided
her father, who was outside, would consent to it.
The father was then called in, and he having expressed
himself satisfied with the defendant's promise, the warrant
was discharged.
We learn that the number of hand-loom weavers engaged
in breaking stones amounts now to nearly 200.
The Morning Chronicle of June 18th says: The public
has repeatedly been invited to observe and reprobate solitary
instances of apostacy upon the Opposition benches; but at-
tention has not yet been called, we tltnk, as much as it should
be, to the number of prominent members of the Tory party, to
whom the ignominious epithet of renegade is most justly ap-
plicable.
Let us merely enumerate the names of Graham, Stanley,
and Burdett in the House of Commons; and those of Abin-
ger, Lyndhurst, Phillpotts, and Ashburton in the House of
Lords. On this side of"1 another," but not a better world,"
we gravely question if such a mass of apostacy, in the most
odious acceptation of the term, was ever seen collected as there
is to be found amongst these seven lords and gentlemen.
These seven champions of all monopoly, political, religious,
and commercial, were once leaders, or front-rank men, in every
movement of their lime in the direction of liberal opinions,
reformed institutions, and enlightened legislation. They
were emancipationists, reformers, patriots, free-traders; wrote,
harangued, argued, agitated, all with ardor and vehemence,
most of them with considerable eloquence and talent, in sup-
port of those principles against which they are now arrayed
in the most active, furious, and virulent opposition, violating
even the laws of fair hostility in their ungovernable spleen
against their old opinions and their former friends-
For renegades who ne'er turned by halves,
Are bound in conscience to be double knaves."
Such are the chiefs of the party that now aspire to rcle this
country ; such must be the chief depositaries of power, and
the holders of the highest trusts and preferments in the state,
should the Tories regain office.
The fact that toads are not found in Ireland has been plea-
santly accounted for by the circumstance that toadeaters have
so abounded in that country. Arguing from analogy, there
ought to be no such thing as dirt in England, the seven Tory
leaders we have named being such egregious dirt-eaters, nay,
actual gluttons of that delicate sort of food, and having gob-
bled up such a deal of it.

FAREWELL TO THE WHIGS.
[A Prophetic Monody, to be said or sung at thie foot of the hus-
tings when "all is over.uj
By x. Y. z.
"Coming events cast their shadows before."--CAMPBLL.
Shall the Whigs sink to earth, and no sorrowful ditty
Be sung o'er their fate by their own troubadours '1
Not a stave for the fallen, in shame or in pity !
Not a sad lyre* to tell how the nation deplores !
Oh where are their muses, and where their Apollo?
Their young anui old dandies who dabbled in verse .
Oh it sickens the heart to see bosoms so hollow,"
Who basked in Whig sunshine, all dumb as a hearse !
Alas! that on me, of no whiggieh persuasion,
The task should devolve which their own bards decline,
But fair play's a jewel," so, on this occasion,
I'll sound their last trumpet, I'll be all their Nine.
As men, 'mongst the Whmigs there were many deserving,
As ministers, worse never governed a realm ;
Their state-boat was wrecked, when, from policy swerving,
To a Demagogue-Corsair they trusted the helm.
Oh where was that pride they were thought to inherit
From their Foxes and Sheridans, famous of yore ?
Oh where that high-minded and old whiggish spirit
Of their Wynlhams and Whitbreads --in them 'twos no
more I
Had they fallen, like Cassars, with grace and decorum,
With their mantles arounsl them (though tattered and torn
By that merciless Peel) at the foot of the forum,
Though justice might blame them, still pity would mourn !


which the buffet was lighted. "The enter iiminent, it is su-
perfluous to say, was of the most recherchi description. The
guests of the gallant Duke began to arrive shortly before 7
o'clock, at which hour the Dukeof Cambridge drove tip. His
royal highness was a visitor, and we are confident the royal
duke fully appreciated the great favor granted, for the noble
host has, of course, generally strictly confined the circlelto
his brave companions in arms, who were present at Waterloo.
The assemblage of the heroes of that important victory which
they had met to celebrate, was more numeroutts than last year,


DINNER TO THE LORDS O F THE' ADMIRALTY,-On Thurs-
day a splendid entertainment was given to Lord Minto, and
to his lordship's colleagues, at the Thtrhi-hc. l h t tavern,
by the Navy Club, consisting of upwards of iriv I'lthe old-
est and most distinguished officers in the naval service. Ad-
miral Sir Philip Durham presided. In proposing the Health
of Lord Minto," Sir Philip Durham addressed the company
somewhat in the following terms:
Gentlemen: On myassuming.the command at Portsmouth, in
1837, I found the officers and seamen disheartened, believing or
fearing that the country had forgotten tr, ir i.'..i.r s ,,lan( ,:rr .u ,
and thinkingthat the star of naval glory hi.I .-t ,.,rr-. r. B.r the
scene was soon shifted, under the enlightened management of
our noble guest. All deficiencies of stores were repaired ; the
sounds of industrious preparation were soon heard once raore in
our arsenals ; and when shortly afterwards the trumpet of war
sounded, the officers hurried to resume their cherihed duties
with unexampled vigor, and seamten flocked in from ev sv -.,-r-
ter of the empire, uncomopelled by pressing, and even inllor.-j
by bounties. In the course of two years from this time, to tihe
astonishment of Europe, seventeen sail of the line, ofthe largest.
and finest ships that Britain could ever boast of, were discovered
in the Mediterranean, manned'by the most distinguished officers
and the most gallant seamen, superiorly fitted in every respect,
and ready and anxious to meet any enemy that might present
himself. This discovery-for such it was to those who were not
aware of the activity that presided in our naval administration-
had a most beneficial effect on other countries; and it was soon.
found that to send a fleet to overawe if not to overpower that of
Great Britain would be a more hazasrdous, matter than had been,
imagined. Nor, gentlemen, have the improvements that have of
late taken place in the navy been confined to the fitting out of an
eIfficient fleet; they have extended to every branch and depart-
ment of the service. These improvements I had daily opportuni-
ties ofwitnesainglduring my command atPortsmouth, and it was with
delight that I saw them advance progressively from good to better.
You are well aware of the improvementthat has taken place of late
years in the gunnery department, and that for this we are mainly
indebted to the exertions of that distinguished officer, Sir Thomaa
Hastings. The progressive advances in this department took
place under my own eye ; and I could not sufficiently admire the
constant attention paid to it, anid the perfect precision of firing to.
which thisalteration led---a precision since demonstrated, in char-
acters not to be mistaken, upon the coast of Syria, before, or
rather through, the hitherto unconquered walls of Acre. It is
pleasing to know that the improvements in what masy be termed
the domestic or social state of the navy of late years have been
equally great. The general behavior and manners of the i-v,.
cers-their language and demeanor to the me n under their com-
umand-the quiet and gentlemanly way in which duty is carried
on, without abuse or intemperate language-the regularity with
which divine service is performed-in a word, the amelioration
and refinement of the whole social condition ol the navy, was then
and is now the subject of my admiration. All this shows a mar-
vellous change for the better from the old times of the navy ;
and, what is more, the recent events on the coast of Syria and on
the distant shores cf China sufficiently demonstrate that 'this re-
finement of manners has been obtained withow' ,\ "a.r;fic.-.r
'he old sterling and substantial qualities of the Uirm.ti rn.',t ift-
cer and British seaman."
WINDSOR, JUNE 10.-Disturbance and Extensive Destruc-'
lion of Property in a Gaming House.-Yf-t,las'L thuret was
a large party of the officers of the 60th rid-.s .i,l ,jrtinl of
the 1st lifeguards, at the mess at the infantry barracks, in
Sheet street, in consequence of several promotions which
have recently taken place in the rifles, occasioned by vacan-
cies caused by the decease of the Hon. Col. .]. hr- x.
The festivities of the evening were kept I,- [ill 1.,1, 0i IeI
o'clock, when a large party sjlli.:d forth for a spree," They
first proceeded to the extensive canvass amphitheatre of Mr.
Van Amburgh, in the Bachelor's Acre, but there they were
fortunately kept at bay by several of Mr. Van Amburgh's
nen, before they had committed any excesses. The knock-
ers, bell-handles, and brass plates from several doors in the
neighborhood were then wrenched ,fI; and the whole party
then made fora well-know. I ,g..lirllir.- house (which has been
tolerated in this town :..r up,'.[di ...I' twelve months) in Au-
gusta place, where they were immediately admitted. What
took place there before the row cummer.ced, or what was the
occasion of the havoc and destruction which almost itmnedi-
ately afterwards ensued, '1 have not been able to ascertain.
However, they had not been there more than half an hour,
before there was a scene bf the greatest confusion throughout
the whole house, causing alarm atmd terror, from the noise
.vhich was created, around the entire neighborhood. The
police were sent for soon after one o'clock, previouslyto which
t portion of the 60th rifles, who were on guard at the castle,
had been despatched to the scene of action, and whom the
police met on their way to the guard house.
Upon Mr. Superintendent Gilman and Sergeant Dobson,
with several men, entering the house, (which they found
empty, with the exc option of one of the g-mIlet', who, it
appears, had secreted himself) they found Frertly .-ne piece
of furniture left whole. The green baize was torn off fromt
,he billiard and other tables; the doors ofthe different rooms
broken down the windows, with the sashes and frames, blo-
ken to pieces ; all the lamps smashed ; chairs and tables dis-
located; the fanlight over the front door gone, and the ba-
lustrades upon the stairs torn away.
At this time the whole of the partly had gone off, and 'as
foir the proprietors of the gaming house, they were glad to ef-
leet their escape during the disturbance from the bank of the
premises across the garden into a large piece of waste land
called the Lammas.
It was expected that some complaint would have been lodg-
ed before the borough magistrates to-day at the t wn hall,
but no application was made to the bench on the subject du-
ring the hours of business.
A large brass plate, which had been wrenched from the
garden gate of Mr. Cleave, in York place, was found this
morning by the police in the infantry barracks, where, there
are now sundry knockers and bell-handles, waiting to be
identified and returned to their respective owners.
THE FINE ARTS.-A valuable painting of gigantic dimen-
sions (241 feel by 16) has just been disentombed from the
hoarded archives of a collector, where it had remained unap-,
predated, in consequence of the difficulty of unrolling and
displaying its contents. It is by Joseph Inibert, the historicall
painter anid celebrated pupil of Lebrun, whose life (extraor-
dinary as a romance) terminated at Avign no where he be-
came a monk. The subject is the iini.l.- ,r. Zeta by Cara-
calla, and its treatment is distinguished by the best qualities
of the master, truth of drawing, breadth of effect, and learn-
ed costume, while it is accompanied with more than his usual
warmth, vigor, and animation. We understand that it will
constitute part of a novel and attractive exhibition about to
be opened.
On Tuesday, a boy named Taylor, 11 years old, whose
parents reside at Strulton ground, Westminster, rushed out.
of the house streaming with blood. The father and mother
had gone out, leaving Lim, his brother, whoisa year younger,
and a great dog of the bull and mastiff breed, together in the
same room. A quarrel ensued between the boys and they
commenced fighting, the youngest of them falling undermost.
The dog at this moment sprang upon the eldest, and all but
worried him to death ; for, when admitted into the hospital,
the house surgeon found that the scalp of the head had. been
torn off in three places, and the marks of the dog's teeth
were plainly visible upon the boy's skull. The left chapwas
torn from top to bottom, the eyelid of the left eye laid open,
the calves of both legs dreadfully lacerated, and the arms and
other parts of the body dreadfully injured-Examiner.
The mountains in Scotland have, during the past week,
been capped with snow. Throughout the north of England
the weather, for a few days, was bitter in the extreme, the
wind blowing piercingly, for the northeast the once juyous
amd sultry 4th of June was truly Siberian, but a beneficial
change seems at hand.-NewcastteJournol.
HtGnwsYs.-It appears from a Parliamentary paper just
published, that the total expenditure in money on account of
the expense of maintenance of tte highways in England and
Wales was in the year ending March, 1837, 1,113,434, in
the year ending March, 1838, I,213,147 ; and in the year
ending March, 1839, 1,267,848.
THE WATERLOO BANs.UET.-Yesterday being the 26lh an-
niversary of the battle of Waterloo, the Duke of Wellington
gave his annual banquet at Apsley house to the officers who
distinguished themselves under the noble and gallant Duke
in that glorious and never to be forgotten victory. It is al-
most needless to observe, that the entertainment was marked
by the same splendor which has always characterized this
festival, one which has become of historical interest, not only
to this country, but to Europe in general. Asis always the
case, the gallery, one of the most splendid apartments in the
metropolis for its decorations and valuable paintings, compri-
sing some of the finest works of Italian, Spanish, and Dutch
schools, was appropriated for the banquet. The table was
illuminated by the magnificent colossal candelabra presented
to his Grace by the late Emperor of Russia, and displayed a
costly dinner service of gold plate, originally belonging to the
late Duke of York. Alng thecCihlr, t.f the tlle was placed
the beautiful silver plateau, upwards of 12 feet long, a gilt
from the Portuguese Government. The buffet may be said
to have groaned under the burden of its gorgeous collection
of ornamental plate, in the midstof which the Athiltesehield
formed the most conspicuous object, and is, as it justly de-
serves to be, the grand attraction of the sideboard. Without
particularly noticing the massive salvers and other pieces of
plate, the richly chased gold vase, a memento of esteem and-
admiration of the nobility of England, must not pass with-
out mention, and the elaborately wrought gold candelabra by


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WIWI . ..










ldthoughl time yearly niake va sg, s in the rats o{ those ve-
teran warriors. Covers were laid for sevenyl-five. The
Marquis of Anglesey, who was compelled through indisposi-
tion to absent himself last year from the banquet, was among
the guests on the present occasion, apparently in excellent
health and spirits. His excellency General Alava, the late
Spanish Minister, whose gallantry is well known to the rea-
ders of the Peninsular Campaigns, did not occupy a chair at
the festive hoard this year, having obeyed the recall of his
Government only a few weeks since. The only foreigner pres-
ent on this occasion was his excellency Prince Castelcicala,
the Neapolitan envoy, who also dined with the gallant Duke
last year.
It is stated that in the small town of Redditch, in this
county, there are upwards of 70,000,000 needles manufac-
tured weekly.- Worsester Herald.
NOVEL REctIPE -It was stated at a late meeting in this
town, that one of our publicans, suffering greatly trom ex-
cessive drinking, called on the doctor for advice. He had
described the various symptoms of his disorder, when the
doctor said gravely that he should not drink more than two
bottles of gin a day; that he should put a bean into them
every morning, and that if he always used the same bottles,
he would certainly recover when they were full of beans.
The publican acted according to the advice, and was gradu-
ally restored to health.-Sufolk Chronicle.
The Spectator of June 14 says: Never the indiscriminate
eulogists, we have sometimes been the sharp censors of Lord
Brougham; but truth and justice compel praise from lips
unused to flatter. Brougham is the only man of his own
high class of intellect now in public life. He has, in his
time, done service to the cause of rational government, which
no one but himself could have done, as he has at times peril-
ed a high reputation with a wantonness in which no less ro-
bust a genius could have indulged without utter and irrecov-
erable destruction. He stands now in the maturity of his
powers-ripened, mellowed by experience and time, with all
his energies unimpaired. He stands forth emancipated from
party trammels. By reliance on his own genius and perse-
vering industry, he has taught an assembly which cannot be
expected to sympathize with him to listen with deference and
fear. He is regarded with a kindly feeling, even by the
most excited portion of the democracy. He can plead the
great cause which is now depending with more knowledge,
greater variety of argument and illustration, and more im
pressive power, than any other living orator; he can plead it
more acceptably to the House of Lords than any other man;
he can count upon a more willing attention from the Char
lists than will be given to any other. By becoming the ex-
ponent of principles, heedless as to whether men applaud and
follow him or not, he can make himself the champion of thi
rights of industry, the central point in which discordant will,
may meet in harmony. He can do for free trade all and
more than he formerly did against the orders in council,
thereby rendering a service to his country as much trans-
cending his former services as the matured powers of Lordi
Brougham exceed the wayward energies of young Henry
Brougham. At times, spots have come over his mortal
star -" but an opportunity is now afforded him to efface their
recoflection forever, and to cast a light on what may be the
closing scene of his life, stronger and steadier than has shone
on any portion of his previous career.
WESTMINSTER OPHTHALMIC HosPITAL.-Yesterday the an-
uual meeting of the governors was held in the board-room of
this hospital, King William street, Charing-cross, Earl De
Grey in the Chair. Colonel Wood, M. P. Colonel Fox,
Captain Percy, Sir John Swinburne, Bart. the Hon. A. Tre-
vTr, C. W. G. Guthrie, Esq. &c. were present. Mr. Fowler
secretary, read the report. The number of patients admitted
during the past year exceeded that of the preceding by 638,
viz. 65 in-patients, and 537 out-patients. Since the formation
of the hospit.,Il, in 1817, the patients relieved exceeded 40,909.
Of these, 1,055 were restored to sight by the operations for
cataract. During the last year 98 operations were performed,
of which 78 were successful, in case of cataract, and 17 were
successfully operated upon for artificial pupil. Her Majesty's
donation of 20 guineas, and the donation of 10 guineas front
Queen Adelaide, were received; 501. from the Admiralty, and
501. from the War-office, were also received. The receipts
for the past year amounted to 5181. 17s. 6d. and the expendi-
ture to 6011. 4s. The inalienable fund exceeded 3,1151. 15s.
3d. The report was adopted. Colonel Wood stated that it
was the object of the governors to increase the inalienable
fund to 10,0001. and that it was estimated that it would re
quire 8001. to defray the annual expenses of the hospital. The
gallant colonel further stated that, from want of funds, 15
beds were vacant. Thanks were voted to the noble chair-
man, and the governors separated. Amongst the subscrip-
tions and donations announcedwas the munificent donation
of 601. from Sir John Swinburne, in addition to 3601. prev-
iously given by that worthy baronet.
SUGAR.-PEEL'S v. MELBOURNE's.-Some of the grocersin
this county have hit upon a novel mode of illustrating the ef-
fects of the late decision on the sugar duties; we think the
plan a good one, as it shows in a plan and effective manner
the difference which is made in one of the common necessa-
ries of life, by the stories compelling every purchaser of a
pound of sugar to pay 3d. more than would 'be demanded if
the Whigs were properly supported. The mode is simply
this. Place a sample of sugar in the window, and label
it Tory's price 9d., Liheral's price 6d.; or Peel's price 9.,
Melbourne's price 6d.-Hereford Times.
HUMOROUS TRANSLATION OF A MoTTo.-The motto of Ad-
miral Sir George Cockburn is Iats," wlich reminds us ofan
anecdote suitable for the next edition of Joe Miller. The
latest scene of the gallant Admiral's exploits was the coasi
Sof America in 1813; and on a naval officer, more intimately
acquainted with the services of Sir George Coekburn than
with Latin, being asked what ITA meant, replied Don't
you know '1 It means I took America.' "
CuRtIous Eyes.-At an inquest held yesterday by Mr.
Wakley, M. P., coroner for Middlesex, at the Coach and
Horses public house, High street, Kensington, on the body
of Ann Wright, an agedfamale, living in Russell Gardens,
Kensington, who, while in the garden of the house, was seiz
ed with insensibility, in which state she remained for 27
hours, and then died, one of the witnesses, a little girl natom-
ed Vickers, a granddaughter of the deceased, presented the
singular phenomenon of totally different colored eyes. In
one ofthem the iris was a pale blue-a blue of the lightest
possible tint; and in the other it was a brilliant dark brown.
The contrast was most striking, and it was said to be espe-
cially remarkable at night by candlelight, when the dark eye
would seem to be quite black. She could see equally well
with both eyes, which were perfectly clear and unblemished.
The girl was born in that state. Her complexion was fair,
with a red tint in the cheeks, but her hair was inclined to the
color of the dark eye. The eyes of the mother were dark.

FROM FRENCH PAPERS.
The Moniteur Algerien of the 22d ult. states that the re-
maining French prisoners, 55 in number, whom the Abt.6
Suchet had gone to fetch back, have arrived in the French
territory. Advices had been received from Constantina,
whereby it appeared that General Negrier had been to Msyla,
on the border of the desert, several days' march to the south
west of Setif. On his approach, the KhalifofAbd-el-Kader
abandoned the place without however burning it. The
troops met with no resistance, and the unexpected appearance
of a column in those countries, where the news of the des-
truction of Thasa and Tegdemt had been received, had pro-
duced a great effect. All the tribes had come in to make
their submission. The country passed over was exceedingly
arid This journal contains decrees appointing Justices of
the Peace and Auctioneers in various districts of Algiers.
We have seen a letter from Algiers, which states that, on
the 22d1 ult., it waa known there that Gen. Baraguay d'Hif-
liers had succeeded in his object of destroying all the crops
on the Upper Chelif. The column had lost only one mar,
killed, and had had five wounded. It was also k own that
Gen. Bogeaud's column had caused great damage to the
Arabs along its line of march from Mostaganem. Captures
of prisoners and cattle are mentioned.
The Governor General of Algeria has issued an ordon-
nance for establishing at Oran bonding warehouses for for-
eign merchandise and produce of the French colonies.
Some disturbances at Stockholm, on the 16th ult. are men
lion by the Hlamb.urgh Gazette. The populace had been irn
ritated with the conduct of tue Count do Hern, for protcOtine
against some acts of the liberal portion of the States, and pro
ceeded to his residence with the intention of breaking his
windows. The authorities, however, interfered, and pre-
vented them. Several persons were arrested, and order was
ultimately restored.
A letter from St. Petersburg says: "On the 9th June, the
chief committee of public credit held its anna I sitting, when
the Minister of Finances presented a report relative to the


state of the public debt of Russia up to the end of 1840. The
report states that on the 1st Januarv last the foreign debt was
74,827,000 Dutch florins, and 42 351,819 silver troubles. The
home d.ht consisted of the 6 per cent. rentes, amounting to
72 726 124 silver roubles, and of the 5 per cents, am .n,,n..
to 103,901,220 silver roubles. In the course of the v-. ., 1,41)
the amiont pail off was 8,700 gold roubles, 2,975,495 silver
roubles, anil 61 651,980 assignats of the 6 per cent. ientes,
and 17,204 780 silver roubles of the 5 per cent. debt. The
silver rouble is 4 fr. 14 c.; the gold rouble 5 fr."
The death of the Baroness of Stein-Altenstein, at the age
of 101 years, is mentioned from Munieh. She is presumed
to have been the oldest of the German nobility.
The Madrid Gazette publishes a letter, purporting to be
from a Carlist at B ,rdeaux, from which it would appear that
esaret juntos are still at work in the principal towns of the
Peninsula, for the re-establishment of Don Carlos.
We see that the Dgbats of yesterday confirms the appoint-
ment of Admiral Lalande to the chief command of the
French Mediterranean fleet. The Msaniteur does not men-
tion this nomination. It will be remembered that this officer
was in command of the French squadron of the Dardanelles
when the Capitan Pacha passed through it with the Turkish
fleet, on his way to Alexandria.
We learn from Leipsic, 2-2d ult. that the wool fair, which
hag just been held there, has been more favorable for the
sellers than any of the other fairs for some years past. The
qu tntity of wool offered for sale was 37749 stein. (the stein
is about 201bs. marc.) The quantity sold was 33,242 stein,
an I at very high prices. The first quality fetched 25 rix-dol-
lamr the stein, and the lowest quality 10 rix-dollars. The
average was about 21 rix-dollars beyond the price last year.
The rix-dollar is 5ft. 20c.


TWENTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS.
FIRST SESSION.

TUESDAY, JULY 20, 1841.

IN SENATE.
Memorials and petitions were presented and laid on the
table-
From citizens of Michigan, for the establishment of a Na-
tional Bank.
From citizens of New York, from St. John's, New York,
also, from citizens of Reading, Pennsylvania, in favor of a
Bankrupt Law.
Mr. McROBERTS rose to state that he was absent when
the vote was taken on the Loan Bill, but had he been present
he should have voted against it.
The resolution submitted by Mr. BUCHANAN, some days
since, calling for the names of persons removed since the 4th
March, 1841, and amended by Mr. MANGUM so as to include
removals made since the 4th March, 1829, to the 4th March,
1841, being under consideration-
Mr. BENTON rose and spoke some time beyond the mor-
ning hour, against the principle of the removal ot Govern-
ment officers, and insisted that political offences were unde-
finable, and could not be brought within the rule prescribed
by the late letter of the Secretary of State, as directed to the
officers of the Government.
Mr. LINN asked the yeas and nays on the adoption of the
resolution, but afterwards withdrew the call.
The question was then taken on the adoption of the reso-
lution and carried.
Mr. HUNTINGTON, from the Committee on Com-
merce, reported the House bill for the extension of the port
of New Orleans without amendment, and recommended that
it be laid on the table.
The bill from the House making appropriations for fortifi-
cations and the suppression of Indian hostilities, was twice
read and referred to the Committee on Military Affairs.
FISCAL BANK.
The Senate then proceeded to the consideration of the bill
to incorporate the subscribers to the Fiscal Bank of the Uni-
ted States; when
Mr. SMITH, of Connecticut, rose and addressed the Se-
nate for near two hours against the general principles of the
bill, contending that a National Bank was unconstitutional
and inexpedient.
Mr. NICHOLSON then moved an amendmentto the ef-
fect that nothing contained in the bill should take away or
impair the right of any State to tax the real and personal pro-
perty of said bank, including its debts due on account, its
notes, bills, bonds, mortgages, contracts, and public stocks,
whether the same was in possession or under the immediate
management of said bank, or any person, agent, or trustee,
in the same manner that States had the right to tax their own
institutions.
Mr. N. said the amendment was similar to that offered in
1832, and by reference to the Senate Journal he found that
there were then 22 votes for it, including the two Senators
from his own State. He did not offer the amendment with
any view to oppress the bank, but simply because his State
taxed its own institutions, and his object was to place this
bank on the same footing as other State institutions, and that
T he States should have the power to tax it as high as they did
their own.
Mr. CLAY hoped the amendment would not prevail: the
effect would be to place the bank in the power of the State.
The Senator said the object was not to tax the bantik higher
than the State did its own. Suppose any wild feeling against
banks should induce them to tax their own so as to destroy
then 1 The States already had the power to tax the proper-
,y of the bank and the stockholder, but they had no tight to
tax the corporation itself.
Mr. BENTON said this question of taxation had been ex-
tensively argued. It was argued that the States were sove-
reign; that when they came into the Confederation they de-
livered up a part of their sovereign power. Among the ex-
ceptions which the States made to their right of taxation, this
bank was not found. It was true that the Supreme Court
nodded towards the idea that it was free from taxation, but it
was equally true that their whole argument turned on the
words necessary and competent," applied to the mother
batik. This decision with reference to the bank was correct.
They then went on and said the same construction applied to
their branches. Here was Ihe error. Congress decided it
was perfectly immaterial to them whether branches were es-
tablished in the States or not. By virtue of the rights of the
States these institutions were taxable, and if one of them
came within the limits of his htate it would be seen whether
they had the taxing power.
Mt. HUNTINGTON said, if the proposition of the Sen-
ator from Missouri was correct, the amendment was entirely
unnecessary. The Supreme Court nodded, the Senator had
said. This was rather singular, in deciding a great consti-
tutional question, that the Supreme Court should nod. The
question resolved itself into this, whether any one of the
twenty-six States had the power to destroy a branch ; and if
hey were prepared for that, they might vote for the amend-
ment. He hoped it would not be adopted.
Mr. BENTON said the corporation went into the State
for the purpose of making money, anid must be liable to tax-
ation.
Mr. CLAY, of Alabama, said this right of taxation be-
longed to all the States, without the provision now made,
and was indispensable to sovereignty. It was expressly pro-
vided that the States should tax none of the public lands
within their limits-thus allowing the right of taxation.
Could it be supposed that a State should have a right of tax-
ing institutions from other States equal to the amount
they taxed their own I The right existed and could not be
destroyed, and unless the States voluntarily surrendered the
right, they had the undloubted right to tax property of either
institution in their limits. On what principle of propriety
should this be an exception ] Did they give any bonus!
No. When they were confirming these important exclusive
privileges of banking on certain individuals without bonus,
and giving them the interest on their exchanges without
taxation.
Mr. SEVIER said no one would have dreamed of exempt-
ing this institution from taxation, had it not been decided by
the Supreme Court of the United States. What was the
difference between taxing the hank and taxing pedlais, bank-
era, and brokers 1 They taxed their own banks; and why
should they not this foreign corporation I If they taxed their
own brokers, why should they not this great mammoth bro-
ker 1 He could see no reason, from expediency or right,
that they should not tax this bank.
Mr. NICHOLSON said the Senators en the other side
were accustomed to look with suspicion on any amendments
offered on this side of the Senate. If these branches were
established without taxation, it would create a spirit of jeal-
ousy. It would also curtail, to the extent of its revenue,
the amount of its business, which, if done, would take away
from the business of their banks, which paid taxes. The
Senator from Kentucky said tney might destroy these
branches. He thought this was a case improbable, if not
impossible. The question was, will we concede to the States
the same power which they had over their own institutions '
If this right was not conceded, this would be one of the first
questions raised in ithe States where branches weie located,
and would also be a great cause of bringing forward the ques-
tion of repeal; it was therefore the interest of the friends of
the bank to support the amendment.
Mr. YOUNG said, unless you could tax the institution
itself; that was the only way you could reach it. You could
not reach the stockholders, for most of them wete non-
residents. With regard to the equity of this there could
be no qoesti.n ; but it might be said that the United
States owned much of thr stock. But by referring to the
Dartmouth College case, he contended it made no difference.
The only restriction ought to be that you shall tax them no
higher than State banks.
The yeas and nays were taken on the amendment and de-
cided as follows:
YEAS-Messrs, Allen, Benton, Buchanan, Calhoun, Clay, of
Alabama, Pulton, King. Linn, McRoberts, M,,ton, Nicholson,
Pierce, Seclr, Smith oftCoanectieut, Sturgeon, Tappan, Walker,
Williams, Woodbury, \Vrigtut, Young-21.
NAYS-Messrs. Archer, Burrow, Bites, Bayard, Berrien,
Clay, of Kentucky, Clayton, l)ixon, Evans, Graham, Henderson,
Hluntington, Kerr, M.ngutnt, Merrick, Miller, Morehead, Phelps,
Porter, Prentiss, Presto,, Simmons, Smith, of Indian, Soutlhard,
Tallinadge. White, Woodbridge-27.
Mr. WALKER then moved an amendment to the effect
that business of the bank should be confined to buying antI
selling bills of exchange not having more than 180 days to run.
Mr. WALKER believed that the whole capital could le
used as a bank of exchange, and more profitably than in the
discount of notes. In all its discounts it received 6 per cent.
interest. The question was, whether the bank could not put
out and keep out the amount of bills authorized, and do the
business of exchange more profitably than by discounting
notes. For the proof of this, he called attention to a repot
made by a committee of 1834. These returns demonstrated


that this bank would find that, by confining itself to the
business of foreign and domestic exchange, it could have ani
amount equal to 'hlie whole amount of debts due it. If it could,
why should it not be confined to it t lfso, the whole atten-
tion ofthe board will then be exclusively directed to the great
and useful object of regulating exchanges. This was one of
its great objects. Why niot, then, confine it to that's The
funds of the Government invested in that bank would be
much safer, and for proof of this he also referred to the same
report. He believed they were to have a bank ; there was a
fixed majority of five here for a bantik, and also a majority it
the other House.
Mr. CLAY, af Alabama, moved that the Senate adjourn.
Mr. CLAY, of Kentucky, hoped not, but that the amend-
ments would be gone on with.
The motion to adjourn was lost-Ayes 16, noes 23.
Mr. CLAY was very glad that the Senator from Missis-
sippi had stated there would be a majority of five; it was ra-
ther more than he (Mr. C ) had calculated. He was oppos-
ed to the amendment of the Senator from Mississippi, be-
cause it was an experiment. The Senator proposed to cut
off the bank from some of the most salutary dealings connect-
ed with it. Now, if you cut off this right, either you would
effect nothing, all the loans being thrown into firms of ex-
change, or you would have less circulation of this sound cir-
culating medium. He believed the former would take place.
The loans would all assume the form of bills of exchange.
Why create a bank with half the faculties usually possessed I
The regulation of exchange was only one of its objects. He
did think that, after all the time that had been spent, they
might restrain their amendments, have the bill printed, andi


take the question, on which he hoprd they world find the
vote, as the Senator from Mississippi bad prognosiicated, by
a majority of five.
Mr. WALKER said there was a majority of five who
wished a bank ina some form. As to the offer of amendments,
he had offered five-of which four had been adopted. The
solvency of this bank, its ability to afford at all times this
sound currency, will be increased tenfold by confining the
bank in this manner. Had we not already enough banks of
discount They had-and too many. Why not, then, con-
fine the bank to the regulation of exchanges, by which its
funds would be ten times as secure '
The question was here taken on the amendment, and de-
cided in the negative, as follows:
YEAS-Messrs. Archer, Benton, Calhoun, Cuthbert, Linn,
Mouton, Pierce, Sturgeon, Walker-9.
NAYS-Messrs. Barrow, Bates, Bayard, Berrien, Clay, ofKy.,
Clayton, Dixon, Evans, Graham, Henderson, H ui,.ltsr..... K, rr.
King, Mangum, Merrick, Miller, Morehead, P ii-.: r, ..i
Pi eston, Simmons, Smith, of Indiana, Southard, Tallmadge,
Tappan, White, Woodbridge, Young-28.
Mr. BEN FON said there were various amendments, and
asked if the Senate would adjourn.
Mr. CLAY said, under the impression that all theamend.-
ments could be offered to-morrow, and the bill be printed, and
the question taken at some early day, he would move that the
Senate adjourn.
Mr. BUCHANAN expressed his sincere wish that the
amendments might be brought to a close.
Mr. BENTON said he had two, but he would not take up
more than an hour.
And the Senate then adjourned.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The Journal of yesterday was read and approved.
Mr. MALLORY moved that the House now resolve itself
into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union.
Mr. FILLMORE hoped the House would proceed with
the regular order of business.
By general consent, the SPEAKER laid before the House
the following Message from the President of the United
States:
WASHINGTON, JULY 19, 1841.
To the House of Representatives of the United States.
The act of Congress of the 1ith of March, 1838, entitled An
act supplementary to an act entitled 'An act in addition to the act
for the punishment of certain crimes against the United States,
and to repeal the acts therein mentioned,' approved the 20th of
April, 1818," expired by its own limitation on the 10th of March,
1840. The object of this act was to make further provision for
preventing military expeditions or enterprises against the territo-
ry or dominions of any Prince or State, or of any colony, district,
om people, conterminous with the United States, and with whom
they are at peace, contrary to the act of April 20, 1818, entitled
"An act in addition to the act for the punishment of certain
crimes against the United States, and to repeal the acts therein
mentioned."
The act of March 10, 1838, appears to have had a very salutary
effect, and it is respectfully recommended to Congress that it be
now revived or its provisions be re-enacted.
JOHN TYLER.
On motion of Mr. HUNT, the Message was referred to
the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and ordered to be printed.
The SPEAKER also laid before the House the follow-
ing Message from the President of the United States:
WASHINeGTON, JULY 16, 1841.
To the House of Representatives of the United States.
I herewith trarsmit to the House of Representatives, in reply
to their resolution of the 21st ultimo, a report from the Secretary
of State, witi accompanying papers.
JOHN TYLER.
DEPARTMENT OF STATZ,
WASHINOGTON, JULY 16, 1841.
To the President of the United States.
The Sec etary of State, to whom hias been referred the resolution
of the ltHouse of Representatives of the U. States, dated the 21st ult.
-r.-m., ..." i Pr. .-lent tocoinmmunicate to that House, so far as
., ', .. .:i-, i t ,. 6 ll permit, the correspondence, if any, between
the Government of the United States and thatof Great Britain,
or the public authorities of either, relating to thle American citi-
zens now British prisoners of state in Van Dieuian's Land," has
the honor to report that there is no correspondence in this office
showing that any American citizens are prisoners of state in Van
Dieman's Lund. On the Leneral subject of the detention or im-
prisonmenr of citizens of the United States on account of occur
recies in Canada, a correspondence took place, some time ago,
between this Department iand the British Minister, connected with
the proceedings ofa special agent, whom the President saw fit to
appoint to m ake i., ..1, r-. r-...i ,, 1, ...i .i .
Copies of this i rr. -. .... ., -d i the instructions to
that agent, and of the letters from him to this Department, are
herewith transmitted.
Respectfully submitted.
DANIEL WEBSTER.
On motion of Mr. CUSHING, the Message and accom-
panying documents were referred to the Committee on For-
eign Affuirs, and were ordered to be printed.
Mr HUNT renewed his motion fur leave to introduce a
bill (pursuant to notice heretofore given) to revive and con-
tinue in force for two years the act approved March 10,1838,
entitled an act supplementary to an acm entitled An act in
addition to the act for the punishment of certain crimes against
the United States, and to repeal the acts therein mentioned,"
approved April 20, 1818.
Mr. BREWSTER rose and objected.
Mr. HUN fr inquired of the SPEAKER if it would be in or-
der to move a suspension of the rule.
The SPEAKER replied that, under a rule adopted at the
present session, it would not.
The question recurring on the motion of Mr. MALLORY-
Mr. FILLMORE urged that the motion should hte waived
fora short time, so as to let the usual morning business go on.
Mr. MALLORY was willing to do so, he said, if the gen-
tleman frmi New York (Mr. FILLMORE) and his friends
would consent to extend the time to which the discussion on
the fortification bill had been limited by the resolution of Sa-
turday last.
The question on the motion of Mr. MALLORY was then
taken, and decided in the affirmative.
FORTIFICATION BILL.
So the House again resolved itself into Committee of the
Whole on the state of the Union (Mr. WINTHROP, of Mas-
sachusetts, in the chair) on the bill making appropriations
for various fortifications, for ordnance, and for preventing and
suppressing Indian hostiilties.
The question being on the motion of Mr. WisE to strike
out the first section of the bill-
Some explanations passed between Messrs. McKAY and
DAWSON, in relation to the speeches heretofore made by them,
implying nothing, however, of a personal difference between
the two gentlemen. Mr. D. had been erroneously reported
as accusing Mr. MeK. of having voted for Mr. Benton's
mammoth fortification bill, when in reality he only charged it
upon the party with whom Mr. McK. acted. Mr. McK. de-
nied that he had voted for that bill; he had voted against it.
Mr. JONES, of Maryland, who was entitled to the floor
from yesterday, then addressed the committee during his al-
lotted hour.
He commenced by a reference to the personalcourtesy, dig-
nity,and decorum which had characterized the debatesof our
early Congresses, and promised to imitate so good an exam-
ple in his remarks on the present occasion. He expressed
his regret at the prevalence of party spirit which too often
marked the proceedings of the House, and especially on all
questions which had a bearing on our foreign relations, in
which the departments of Government ought ever to exhibit
an undivided front.
Mr.J. could not agree in the motion of the gentleman from
Virginia (Mr. Wise) to strike out the first section of the bill,
though he took exception to its provisions in relation to the
appropriation for works in the Stale of Louisiana, which
he considered as expressed in terms not sufficiently defl-
nite. He made some remarks on the importance of specific
appropriations for specific objects; and, though hue had confi-
dence both in the committee and in the Administration, he
should like to see this part of the bill rendered more specific.
Mr. FILLMORE made an explanation, showing why the
section in question had been worded as it stood. Even should
its terms be rendered ever so explicit, it would in fact be only
on paper, because the Department was vested, by law, with
a pewer to transfer appropriations at the discretion of the
head of the Departmeut, and according to the r.ecessity of
circumstances. Mr. F. read a paragraph from a document
from the Engineer Department, showing to what objects the
mtuney could he applied.
Mr. JONES acquiesced. He then proceeded to inquire
how it happened that, at this called session, the appropriation
of so large a sum of money had become necessary: for ex-
ample, for the defence of Boston harbor, when that State had
so long been fully represented on that floor both in her pride
of patriotism and her power of intellect; and for New York
harbor, when she had so long exercised a controlling influ-
ence on the deliberations and action of the House'" That
all the works of defence along our entire seaboard were in a
state of dilapidation, seemed to be admitted on all hands. It
had been stated in an excellent and able report from the gen-
tleman from Georgia (Mr. KINu) on the necessity tuf a home
squadron; it was also stated in the President's Message, and
in the reports of the Engineers. These works had not been
battered by an enemy; and there was no cause that could


be assigned for their present state but the neglect of the late
Administration. He attributed this neglect to the baneful
influence of party spirit, and on that point endorsed the re-
marks of Mr. PROFFIT made the day before. He was hap-
py that the earliest opportunity had been embraced by the
new Administration to bring the subject before Congress; ont
Congress now rested the responsibility of providing for the
defence of the country. The Whigs had come into power
under pledges of reform ; and the People had a tight to de-
mand a fulfilment of the bond. Mr. J. was prepared to join
the gentleman from Ohio (Mr. WEm.t.R) in demanding a
fulfilment of the pledges that had been made to the American
People; and he hoped that that gentleman, instead of throw-
ing difficulties in the way efthe new Administration and the
party now in power, in order to contribute to the fulfilment
of his prophecy that those pledges would be forfeited, would
j )in him hand in handand shouldertoshoulder incarryingout
the measures demanded by the interealsts of the country. The
majority 'hliad now introduced a bill providing for the national
defence; if the country shouls- remain defenceless, the blame
muat rest with those who, by their speeches and votes,
should oppose the bill. The improvements in the application
of steam power to purposes of maritime warfare did not su-
pereude the need of fortifications; and, though he considered
the scheme fior a home squadron to be a valuable conception,
it by no means went to set aside the use of defences on the
land. He passed a high eulogium on the Navy as the chief
arm of the national defence, and admitted that, should we


hereafter have contents with that great and powerful natiorti Ing battery $1,400,000, and so forth ; while lhe report of the
which called herselftlhe mistress of the sea, they would have present secretary of War demonstrated that to defend our
to be decided on the bosom of the great deep. Still it was Northern frontier against an invasion of 20,000 troops from
needful to guard our coast. Mr. J. deprecated attacks in ad- Canada by militia alone would of itselIf cost the Governmentit
vance upon the new Administration ; and dwelt on the neccs- more than the entire system of national fortification according
sity of public confidence to render any Administration effi- to the existing plan. An idea had been for some time gain-
cient for good. Our institutions were based upon the confi- ing ground that steam-frigates were to be a substitute for
dence of the Peeple in their own rulers; and those who sought every thing-for forts, ships, floating batteries, and all other
to impair or destroy that confidence forgot what was due to means of offence or defence. This was a. great mistake.
their country and to their duty as Representatives of the They wete valuable in co-operation with other defences; but
American People. experience had proved that a sitigle gun on shore was worth
As to the immediate necessity for the appropriation, even six upon the water.
admitting that there was no prospect of war, yet the voice of In illustration of this position, Mr. M. stated that the
past experience had warned us that it was wise in peace to term Martello towers" had originated from the admirable
prepare for war: our defences had been long neglected : and defence made in the island of Corsica in the year 1794, when
this was a suitable time for putting them in a state of corn- a round tower with only single gun had resisted and beaten
plete repair. He did not agree with certain gentlemen in off two frigates. The instance of the attack on Copenhagen
their view of the aspect of our foreign relations, anid he depre- had often been brought to prove the efficacy of combined
cated as out ofplace and out oftimethe debateon the McLeod shipping in an attack on a fortification; but the facts, when
question as calculated to do far more harm than good. Hewas known, established directly the contrary. Lord Nelson had,
for leaving that entire subject with the Executive Depart- after a hardly fight, succeeded in capturing the whole Danish
meant, to whom it belonged, fleet; but, as soon as his ships came within the range of th(
Mr. J. should not touch thequestion of our Northeastern guns of the three-crowned towers, the effect was such that
boundary i that, too, was in the hands of the proper Depart-lie immediately entered into a negotiation with the Govern-
ment; but he would invite the committee to what he con- ment, and withdrew his fleet.
ceived to be the true points of British policy. The question The same result was felt by Lord Exmouth in the bay of
was not whether there did or did not exist a just cause for Algiers. He took the Algerine corsairs, but his guns made
war : the history of that Power was not such as to induce not the slightest impression on the forts, and he was glad to
our regard to that inquiry. And though it was said to be a take the land breeze anid withdraw his vessels out of fire;
sore point with Englarndt, and one on which she wass eculiar- nor would lie have taken the place at all but for discord with
ly sensitive, yet, as an American Representaiive,he should take in the town. The celebrated attack on Gibraltar was an-
the r--I_...',il,.lit of calling the committee to the true point in other instance proving the same thing ; and though there the
the case. It was, hlie repeated, not whattruth and justice might floating batteries had been made, as was supposed, bomb-
rtquire; the inquiry was, what would the ambition, the proof, the whole squadron was effectually whipped by the
avarice, ihe rapacity of the English oligarchy prompt them to British batteries on the Rock.
attempt' He then went on to argue from the past conduct As for the capture of the fort of St. Juan d' Ulua, it had
of this oligarchy, that they would be likely to keep their dif been owing to the gross ignorance of the Mexicans who de-
ference with the United States as an open question, that it fended it, and who did not bring over 10 guns to bear on the
might serve as a pretext whenever it should suit their pur- ships, while they were pouring broadsides from 300 guns.
pose to break with us. Mr. J. said lie did not now remember The bomb ketches were suffered to choose and to assume
the report of the late Committee of Foreign Relations, either their positions without molestation; and all would not have
in its principles or in the tone of its remarks: but, from the availed had not a bomb struck and exploded the magazine.
debate, he had been led to conclude that the chief objection Bring a French fleet of the same force before Old Point Conm-
to it was found in the comments it contained on the general fort, and let the appropriation in the bill be granted and ex
course of British policy. Mr. J. said that on that subject he ended in completing the works, and they would blow Moun-
would beg leave to quote a paragraph from the Baltimore seer out of the water.
Literary and Religi.uo- Mi:itine. a work separate from poli- And here Mr. M. adverted to the sums heretofore appro-
tical and party r.,.,-,-. ri'...,,, it the report contained any priated for Old Point Comfort and for the fortification at the
thing beyond the severity of this passage, it must have been Rip Raps, and explained how it happened that so much mo.
written in a most graphic style. ney had been necessary, and comparatively so little apparent
In speaking of the English, we should always have perfectly effect had been produced by it. The fortress was at a central
distinct ideas in our mind, viz. the nation and the oligarchy. point between the north and south points of the coast, Is
Ti r,.. .... is one of the noblest ia the world. It has ap- had before it one of the finest roadsteads in the world, where
I -. . ,..... i .' a few times on the theatre of affairs: at Run- the fleets of all nations might ride in safety. It was also easy
nymead, under the commonwealth ; at the revolution of 1688 ; at of ingress and egress at all seasons. Near it was one of the
the coercion of Parliamentary reform in 1831. The English eli most important naval depots in possession of the Government,
garchy is amongst the most ambitious, nnpitying, grasping, auda- defended by Forts Calhoun and Monroe and by floating bat
cious, unscrupulous, and false that ever existed among men. It teries about a mile distant, and connected by an enormous
hais bullied, robbed, and butchered mankind -during the greater chain. Complete these works according to the plan, and thew
part of seven hundred years ; and at the present moment, still would protect property to the amount ot ten millions now col
reeking with the blood of Southern Africa, it is grinding India to lee at that spot fr the future use of the Navy, containing
the dust, plotting the conquest of China in an unjust quarrel, op-ected at tht p fr the future use ofthe Navy, containing
pressing its subjects in Europe, and pushing its unquenchable lige magazines of live oak arid white oak and all sorts o'
avarice and ambition into every corner where man can be terrifi- ordnance stores. Hampton Roads was proven by experience
ed, corrupted, or subdued. America alone has defied, beaten, to be one of the best naval stations on the whole coast
and foiled this oligarchy : so that America enjoys the proud dis- And of so great importance was it deemed by General
tinetion of its quenchless hate, and sleepless fear." Jackson that when a French war was apprehended hi
He fully endorsed these sentiments, as just and true. He had sent down orders to put certain parts of the work-
then alluded, in illustration of the sincerity and integrity of in an immediate state of defence. The execution of this
this British oligarchy, to the course pursued in a late assem order had deranged the whole projects of those works;
blage at London, called the world's anti-slavery conven- parts were commenced which ought to have been deferred,
tion," and commented with some severity on the election of arid so much injury had been the consequence that almost all
Prince Albert to the presidency of that body; on the presence the appropriations since hadl been expended in bringing back
in it of the minister of Louis Philippe; and, above all, the work to the point where it was when he took hold of it
on the fact that when it had been discovered that the ve- This caused such a discrepancy as had been noticed between
nerable CLARKSON intended to make some comments on the estimates and the appropriations. The engineers were
the existence i,f slavery in British India, intercession was not in fault; arid, in fact, hardly enough money had actually
made with him, by those high in influence, to forbear all allu hieen received for the due preservation of the woIt k from going
sion to that subject, notwithstanding animadversions of the back instead of advancing. A sum of $150 000, which had
most severe and even vituperous character, on slavery in the once been granted, had been transferred to certain northern
United States, were freely indulged in-and this in the forts. The appropriation of $l2,300,000 would complete the
world's anti-slavery convention an assemblage professedly fortress. As many gentlemen seemed anxious to get the fleer,
held to consult on putting down slavery all the world overly Mr. M. would waive what else he had intended to say.
This showed the hollowness of their pretensions, and afford. Mr. BOARDMAN, of Conn, observed that this bill was
ed a just criterion by which to estimate their integrity, a measure preparator*for war, though not made in expect
The same estimate might be formed from their conduct in tion that a war would now occur. Mr. B. did nrot advocate
forcing opium, the product of their slaves in India, upon the it on that ground ; yet he must say, from what he had heard
people of China, and their outrage on the people and soil of and seen, that should McLeod tbe hung, the catastrophe ol
the ancient Chinese empire for attempting to enforce their war might occur in ten days. There was less excitement it
own laws andt lanish a poisonous narcotic from their country. England just at this time, because the attention of the nation,
Could the history of the world, especially that part of it en- had ber/i tliverted from the subject by another nearer home
lightened by the pure truth of the Christian religion, exhibit in the contest produced t-y a Parliamentary election; but still
a more disgusting example of injustice and hypocrisy 1 Mr. there was a strong feeling there on behalf of McLeod ; and
J.'s inference from these facts was, that, in estimating the pro if Mr. B. could understand the papers and ohiler British do-
bability of a war, we were to direct our eyes to the character cuments he saw, he should be of opinion that no Ministnr
not of the British nation as a people, but of the British oli- could hold their places an hour without a declaration of war,
garchy; and that in dealing with such a Power we were un- should McLeod be executed.
der especial obligations to proceed ourselves on the immuta- Mr. B. dwelt on the propriety, under such circumstances,
ble principles of truth and justice: so that, should hostilities of of proceeding with the greatest caution. A nation could
the most bloody character ensue, we might enjoy the coo- always negotiate better when she was prepared to do monrt
sciousness of a good cause. In that case, should Great Bri- than negotiate. Our beloved national emblem, the eagle.
tain force us into a war, we might meet without fear the em- hel d the olive branch, it was true, in one hand, but carried th,
battled hosts of our powerful enemy, andl, lifting the starespan- thunderbolts in the other; in this respect Mr. B. would have
gled banner in a righteous quarrel, might contend with thie it a just emblem of the condition and feelings of the nation
confident hope ofanticipated victory,withthis for our motto- itself He left the whole subject of our foreign relations
In God is our trust." where the Constitution had placed it, in the hands of thi
Executive; but in the meanwhile it was our duty to place the
Mr. MALLORY, amidst a great struggle for the floor, country in a state of preparation. They were told from ail
succeeded in obtaining it, and commenced by observing that sources that the fis t fications were in a state of dilapidation,
it was probable he should not have troubled the committee on and lie personally knew such to be the fact in relation to
the present occasion, had not some gentlemen indulged in some of them which had fallen under hisown observation. 1i
remarks which went to assail the entire system of defence was also said, and seemed in some sort to be taken fr grant-
by fortifications. But after what had been heard from the ed, that if war came we should probably be severely handled
gentleman from North Carolina, (Mr. McKAy,) and the during the first year of te contest; but why must this besol
gentleman from Kentucky, (Mr. UNDFRWOOD,) Mr. M. Why not furnish the Administration with means to guard
would be wanting to his duty should he remain a silent spec- against such a result' In that case they could be held an
tator. swerable for results, hut not without. He adverted to the
Mr. M. had thought that the only question before the comn- small sum of $182,000 expended last year, and the conse-
mittee would have neen as to the propriety of making an ap- quent necessity of greater appropriations for the present year,
propriation at thii particular time. That at this late day, even to come up to the average of former years. As to th(
after we had been engaged for twenty years on a general sys- doctrine of the gentleman from Virginia (Mr. WisEs) that the
tern of national defence, and after we had expended so many sum in the hill could not be expended during this year, it
millions in advancing it to its present stage, the policy of the seemed contrary to the common sense of every man. They
whole system should be called in question, and by gentlemen all knew that along a cast of 3,000 miles such a sum not
who had helped by their own votes to build it up, was what only but one twice as great might well and wisely be expend
never could have entered the anticip tions of any man. Mr. ed. Mr. B. considered the sum as but small, and would vote
M. expressed diffidence in differing from such distinguished it with the utmostcheerfulness.
gentlemen; but he must be pardoned for reposing more con- Mr. B. expressed deep mortification at the remembrance
fidence in the official reports of professional men of the high that our coast had during the last war been insulted with
est attainments and largest experience, than in the crude impunity-nay, that the foot of an insolent Bri ish soldiery
criticisms of gentlemen on a subject with which they had should have polluted that very Hall, sacred as the palace el
little opportunity of becoming acquainted. IHe knewv, in- legislation for this entire nation. Never, never let such at.
deed, that the gentleman from North Carolina was a military outrage be repeated ; but let us prepare to guard our soil
man, being no less than the cominander-in-chief of the land from such profanation. Gentlemen reminded the friends 01
forces of the old North State. the present Administration that it was professedly a reform
He alluded in rather an arch manner to the course of Mr. Administration, atnd complained that its first measures shoul.j
DAWSON, who had at first complained loudly of a want of be to expend large sums ofmoney. Yes, these weretheir fir.t
system in carrying on our works, and had made a speech measures. And when in opposition, had those now in power
against fortifications; but, on afterwards discovering that the ever complained oflthe expenditure of money on public objects?
bill contained a provision for the Georgia volunteers, had Not at all. It was the waste, the peculation, the corruption, th,
turned about and given the command, "To the rear- rewarding of partisans, the misapplication of public treasure.
march !" after which, the committee had heard a very elo- These were the themes of their indignant remonstrances. It
quent speech from him in favor of the bill. He pleaded guilty was the feeding of favorites while the public works were left
to Mr. D.'s charge of being somewhat close-fisted in m,ters to fall down from neglect and decay. The American Peo-
of appropriation until the navy or fortifications were con- pie would never complain that large sums had been expended
corned, to guard their persons and their property. At all events, Mr
A voice had indeed proceeded from the great saltpetre cave B. was ready to take his fuil share of the responsibility. On
if Kentucky, whose echoes had heen so loud as even to awa- the subject of the insufficiency of land fortifications, Mr. B
ken old Rip himself. Mr. M. knew that the gentleman from called to remembrance the defence of Stonington, where a
Kentucky, (Mr. UNDERWOnD,) too, was a military man ; but little water battery, with two 18 pounders, had kept at hay,
he must really be pardoned if he was not converted liy argu- and finally driven off a gun brig and a frigate: amid so eSc-
ments the close of which was an invitation to all the people tral had their shot proved, that the i.i,"ii had like to
along the seaboard to quit their homes and their firesides, have been destroyed on the spot. One gentleman had ex
and take refuge in the mammoth cave of Kentucky pressed himself a warm friend to this soit ofdefence, yet had
Mr. M. here went into a brief history of the origin of the moved to destroy the bill: another thought our whole rell-
existing general plan for defending the coasts of the Union dance ought to be upon the Navy: another would have ua
in the celebrated report of General Bernard, and the course run into the caves and dens of the earth. But civilized na-
of Congress in adopting that report aed carrying out its pre- lions had always relied on fortifications as their chief mean.
visions by appropriations from year to year; and though doubts of defence. Let us follow the lights of experience, and enter
had from time to time been expressed of the value of the plan, on no untried projects. The sum in the hill was within the
examination dhid but confirm its wisdom and far-seeing saga- general average of appropriations for these works; and whe-
city. The gentleman from Kentucky had no doubt had large there we were to have peace or war, it was the duty of Con.
experience on the banks of Green river, but still he might gress to grant the money. The People expected it at their
have found all his questions and all his objections to the bill hands; posterity would require it from their honor; and,
fully answered had he taken the trouble of consulting a cer- should it be withheld, and evil follow, would write shame
tain printed document numbered 20)8. upon their graves.
Mr. M. referred to the vehement opposition of Mr. WISE, Mr. J. I If',M P' .)N MASON wished to amend the bill
and contrasted it with the grounds he had taken for the no- so that it should carry on its face the object for which it had
cessity of nava! appropriations, anid with his own profession been passed. Some gentlemen charged the present condi-
not to be against fortifications, but strongly in their favor. He tion of the fortifications to the i,. .l. t .,r the past Adminis-
really had hoped, after his colleague had succeeded in getting ration. On that ground, Mr. Ml w. ull never consent tl
his home squadron, for the defence of the hen-roosts on the vote this hill; but on the ground of the necessity of defence,
Eastern shore, he might afford to let Mr. M. get something he was willing to give it his support; on that ground he
for Old Point without grudging. His colleague was of opin. should bo sustained by his constituents; on the other, not
ion that the Navy, of itself, was sufficient fur the defence of Mr. M. offered a preamble and amendment, which are
our extended coast. [Here Mr. WISE shook his head.] Mr. more particularly noticed hereafter.
M. was glad to find himself mistaken, for it would have been He did not pretend to know whether the state of the forti-
an egregious error. To defend our coast of three thousand fications called for all this money or not; possibly they did:


miles, would require a Navy three times as great as the larg- but this he knew, if they had needed it atthe hands of ihe
est in the world. Great Britain paid $30,000,000 every year last Administration, it would have been given. Ifthe money
for the cost of keeping up her Navy. Should we attempt one wasto prepare us to meet the forces of Great Britain, he was
in the same proportion, it would cost us annually from 100 to ready to vote the bill.
l10 millions, and, after all, it would totally fail of affording Mr. WELLER regretted that it was now too late to state
us entire security. Mr. M. here commented on the facility at large the reasons which would govern him in relation to
with which one fleet might pass, or might escape from ano- this bill. He then referred to the opening speech of Mr.
their, in the darkness of the night, and cited in proof several FILLMORE, who had declared his expectation that the money
instances from naval history, especially the fact that the would be part expended this year and part next spring; to
French fleet had twice passed the British under Lord Nelson, the subsequent communications from the Department stating
unseen, in so narrow a sea as the Mediterranean. Had we that the whole might be applied during the present year; ex-
a fleet extended along our whole coast, a single frigate might pressed his distrust of this, and took the ground that unless a
pass it in the night, and lay our richest cities under contribu- war was apprehended the sum was greatly too large; ifa war
lion, and possibly make her escape unharmed. But suppose was at hand, it was the duty of the President to warn Con-
it beaten by the enemy, or scattered, or wrecked by a storm, gross of the fact.
what would then become of the security of all our harbors, The war-cry was always get up when a fortification bill
our commerce, and our cities themselves I France and Eng- was to be passed. He was no foe to fortifications; he would
land had the largest fleets in the world, yet they kept their vote to place them at our great cities; but the idea of fortify.
coasts fortified at every point. France had been fifty years in ing 3,000 miles of sea-coast was preposterous. Our proper
completing the fortification of her coast, and at an expense reliance was on the patriotism of the People. Mr. W. laid
tenfold greater than had ever been thought of asking from great stress on this idea, and reiterated it with much earnest-
an American Congress by the wildest visionary among us. ness. But if the people on the coast were lacking in patriot-
So far were steam frigates and floating batteries from su- ism, let them come to Ohio. They bad a few of the old In-
perseding the necessity of fortifications, that they did but in- dian fighters still left out there, and they were ready to meet
crease the necessity for them. The gentleman from Ken- the black regiments from Canada as soon as they should ap-
tucky, in endeavoring to show the contrary, had referred to pear. But England would be in nogreat hurry to go to blows
the report of Secretary Cass; and also to a later one of Ge- with us; she had tried that twice, and the stars and stripes
neral Gaines on a system of national defence. Andi what had always triumphed. He referred to the conduct of Britain
was to be the expense of itll The railroads for the trans- toward helpless nations like the Chinese, and insisted that
portation of troops were to cost 100 millions; the defence of the only way to deal with England was to show becoming
the mouth of the Mississippi alore 30 millions; a single float- spirit. His reliance was on the People-yes, on the People.


But wtrn a former President would have organized the mil',;
tia force and put the People in a position to defend themselves
and their homes, it was denounced as a scheme for a stand-
ing army.
The hour of 12 having arrived, the committee, in pnursu-
ance of the order of the House of Saturday last, proceeded,
without further debate, to vote on the amendments.
The first question being on the motion of Mr. WisE, to
strike out the first section of the bill-
Mr. OLIVER moved to amend the said first section by
inserting a proviso that only one-half of the amount appro-
priated should be expended before the first day of January
next.
Mr. MERIWETHER moved to amend the amendment by
striking out all after the word "Provided," and inserting that
no part of the appropriations should be expended before the
first of February next, and that the President should not
transfer any of the appropriations as now authorized by law
before the said time.
The amendment to the amendment was rejected.
And the amendment was rejected.
The question recurring on the motion of Mr. W IVts, to
strike out the lst section of the bill-
Tellers were demanded, and Messrs. ATHaRTON and PopE
were appointed.
The question was then taken, and the vote stood: Ayes
58, Foes 119.
So the committee determined not to strike out the first sec-
tion of the bill.
The question was then taken on a motion made by Mr.
JohN THOMPSON MASON ito amend the I ill by inserting a
provision that the first two sections thereof (i. e. those which
relate to fortifications and ordnance) should have no effect in
the event of our difficulties with Great Britain being brought
to an amicable termination, of which fact the President should
juige, &c.
The amendment was rejected.
Mr. DAWSON, under instructions from the Committee
on Military Affairs, reported certain additional items, which
involved the committee in some discussion on a point of order.
Whereupon, Mr. D. withdrew the motion, intimating his
intention, as the Reporter understood, to renew it in the
House.
Amendments were severally offered by Messrs. CHAS.
BROWN, IRWIN, SNYDER, and CHAPMAN; none
of which were adopted.
The question was then taken on a preamble offered by Mr.
JOHN T. MASON, setting forth that whereas our present re-
lations with Great Britain required that the country should
be put in a condition of national defence: therefore, be it
enacted, &c.
And the preamble was rejected.
Mr. WILLIAMS, of Maryland, moved the following
amendment:
That all the sums mentioned in the tst section of the bill be
stricken out, and that, in the place of each sum so stricken out,
one-half thereof be inserted.
The CHAIRMAN ruled this amendment to be out of or-
der, on the ground that it was not in order to move to amend
more than one item at the same lime.
Mr. SHIELDS offered the following amendment:
Sec. And be it further enacted, That in the event the
hill providing foradistribution ofthe proceeds ofthe sales ofthe
publ c lands, which passed this House a few days since, shall not
become a law at the present session of nogress, the several sums
appropriated b, this act shall be supplied from Ithe proceeds of
-aid sales as the same may accrue from and after the passage of
this act.
See. And be it further enacted, Thai in the event tIhe
afores.aid bil. ..., for a distribution of the proceeds of the
sales of the fi. -i,.- i.. shall not become a law prior to the ad-
journment of the present session, the said proceeds shall be, and
mhe same are hereby, set apart as a permanent resource for the
provision of means necessary to prosecute to completion the sys-
tem of national defenses hierrtofore projected and now in the
course of prosecution, including an increase of the Navy and naval
armaments.
Mr. PICKENS asked for tellers.
Messrs. Pop: and A'rnERTON were appointed.
And the vote on the amendment being taken, it stood :
Ayes 81, noes 110.
So the amendment was rejected.
On motion of Mr. BOA RODMAN, the committee rose and
reported the bill and amendments to the House.
And ,he question being on concurring with the Committee
of the Whole in its amendments, and on ordering the bill to
be engrossed for a third reading-
Mr. BOTTS moved the previous question.
Mr. WILLIAMS, of Maryland, submitted the following
point of order:
That, by the 109th rule of the House, every hill shall receive
S'n- ... r,, -- ii. -. r. the House.
Ih,. 0- 1in i. 1'it, rte, "after report [from the committee]
the bill shall again be su ject to be debated and amended by
clauses, before question to regress it be taken."
That, by the 129th rule, the rules of practice comprised in
Jefferson's Manual "shall govern the House in all eases in
which they are applicable and not inconsistent with the standing
rules and orders of the House."
That in the Manual, page 154, it is stated that "when through
the amendments of the committee, the Speaker pauses and gives
time for amenme cents to the body of the bill, as he does, also, if
it hais been reported without amendments, putting no questions
'but on amendments propczed ; anid uhen through the whole, he
puts the question whether the bill shall be read a third time 7'
That according to the Manual, page 156, the Speaker reads it
by paragraphs, pausing between each, but putting no question
but on amendments proposed; and when through the whole, he
puts the question whether it shall be engrossed and read a third
time '"
And that this rule of practice, as laid down in the Manual, is not
inconsistent with the rules and standing orders of the House, and
therefore cannot be dispensed with or suspended unless by arvolte
of tuo-thirds of the members present.
The SPEAKER overruled the point of order.
Mr. WILLIAMS appealed from the decision of the Chair.
Anrd the question being taken, the House affirmed the de-
cision of the Chair.
The question then recurred and was taken on the motion
for the previous question.
And there was a second.
And the main question (being on concurring in the amend-
ments of the committee, and ordering the bill to be engrossed
for a third reading, was ordered to be now taken.
The first question being on concurring with the committee
in its amendment striking out the following item :
F"or Fort Delaware, Delaware river, provided the title to the
Pea Patch Island shall he decided ta be in the United States, in-
cluding twenty-two thousand seven hundred and seventy dollars
carried to the surplus fund, January 1, 1841, fifty thousand dol-
lars."
Mr. TOLAND asked the yeas and nays, which were or-
dered, and being taken, were: Yeas 82, nays 124.
So the House determined not to concur with the commit-
tee in this amendment.
The next question was on concurring with the committee
in its amendment reducing the item for repairs of Fort
Washington, Potomac river," from thirty-five thousand to
five thousand dollars.
Mr. FILLMORE sent to the Chair certain explanations
from the Department in relation to this item ; which having
been read-
The House determined not to concur with the committee
in this amendment.
And the question now being on the engrossment ofthe bill
On motion nf Mr. TURNEY, it was read through.
Mr. CAMPBELL, of South Carolina, moved to recom-
mit the bill to the Committee of Ways and Means (for lea-
sons which he stated, but which the Reporter did not hear.)
The SPEAKER decided the motion to be out of order
the previous question being still in operation until the ques.
tion of engrossment should have been decided.
And the question being taken, the bill was ordered to a
third reading at this time.
And the bill having been read by its title, and the question
being on its final passage-
Mr. ANDRLWS, of Kentucky, moved that the further
consideration of the bill be postponed until next Monday
week.
Mr. PICKENS asked the yeas and nays; which were or-
dered, and, being taken, resulted as follows :
YEAS-Messrs. Landaff W. Andrees, Arnold, Arrington,
Atherton, Beeson, Bone, Boyd, Bronson, Aaron V. Brown, C.
Brown, Burke, S. H BHtler, G. W. Caldwell, Pairiek C. Cald-
well, John Campbell, T. J. Campbell, Cary, Chapmsn, Clinton,
(oles, Cravens, Dantie, Garrett Davis, Richard D. Davis, Dean5
Deberry, Doan, Doig, Eastman, John C. Edwards, John G. Ployd,
Prnance, Gerry, Win. 0. Goode, Gordon, Graham, Green,
Gustine, Harris, Hays, Hopkins, Hunek, Houston, Hubard, Hunrer,
Jack, Cave Johnson, John W. Jones, Keim, Andrew Kenedy,
Lane, L'wis, Littlefleld, A. McClellan, McKay, Marchand, T. P.
Marshall, John T. Mason, Mathaws, Miller, Newhard, Oliver,
Owoley, Psyne, Pickens, Plumer, Rhett, Riggs, Hogers, Saundeus,
Shaw, Shepperd, Shields, Snyder, Steenrod, Sumter, Sweney,
J. B. Thlomnpson, Tonlinson, Turney, Underwood, Wallace, Wat-
terson, Wells,. J. L. White, J. W. Williams, Lewis Williams,
Wise--88.
NAYS--Messrs. Adams, Atten, Sherlock J. Andrews, Averniw.


Biabcock, Baker, Barnard, Barton, Bidlack, Birdseye, Black,
Blair, Boardman, Borden, Botts, Brewster, Briggs, Brockway,
Miltonr Brown, Burnell, W. Butler, William 0. Butler, Calhoun,
William B. Campbell, Caruthbrs, Childs, Chittenden, John C.
Clark, Staley N. Clarke, Clifford, Cowen, Cranston, Cushing,
Win. C. Dawson, John Edwards, Egbert, Everett, Ferris, Pes-
senden, Fillmnore, A. Lawrence Foster, T. P. Poster, Gamble,
Gates, Gentry, Giddings, Gilmner, Goggin, Patrick G Goode,
Greig, Habeishamr, Hall, Halsted, William S. Hastings, Henry,
H. ,, ]r. H,,.l,. Ii, 14., rna, ir.-- i, Jre,, Irvin, William W Irwin,
James, Isaac D. Jones, John P. Kennedy, King, Lawrence, Linn,
Lowell, R. McClellani, MeKeon, Mallory, S. Mason, Mathiont, Mat-
tocks, Maxwell, Maynard, Meriwether, Moore, Morgan, Morris,
Morrow, Ni bet, Osborne, Parmenter, Patridge, Pearce, Pendleton,
Pope, Powell, Proffit, Ramsey, B. Randall, A. Randall, Randolph,
Rencher, Ridgway, Rodney, Roosevelt, Russell, Saltonstall, San-
fsrd, Sergeant, Simonton, Slade, Smith, Stanly, Stratton, Stuart,
Taliaferro, R. W. Thompson, Tillinghast, Toland, Trumbull, Van
Rensselaer, Ward, Warren, Westbrook, E. D. White, T. W.
Williams, C. H. Williams, Winthrop, Yorke, A. Ycr.ng, John
Young-124.
So the motion to postpone was rejected.
Mr.GARRETT DAVIS rose and said thatthere was still
a deficiency of revenue. For the 4Ast four years there had
been a deficiency of about seven millions annually, and the
present year there would be a deficiency, if not of eight mil-
lions.
Mr. KEIM rose to a point of order. He wished to inquire
of the Speaker whether there was any question before the
House I
The SPEAKER explained to the gentleman from Penn-
sylvania that the previous question applied only until the bill
had been ordered to a third reading. That had been don%
The question was now on the passage of the bill, and on that'









question ithe gentleman from Kentucky (Mr. DAViS
titled to the floor.
Mr. DAVIS then proceeded to say that when hi
terrupted he was about to remark that there would I
ciency in the revenue this year of about eight million
lars. Now what did they see gentlemen doing W
saw those who were interested in some particular its
bill voting in favor of the bill, when they were agair
bill and a revenue bill. He presented this fact to th
for it to say whether it was fair legislation. He was
of this bill if they supplied the revenue; but if the re'
was not to pass, and there was considerable doubt n
would, he would be opposed to making the appropriate
stained in this bill. Mr.D. referred to the amounts of uno
balances yet remaining on hand, and said that he wa
appropriating additional sums unless the House won
forward and meet the responsibility by providing the
means. He was in favor ot this bill, and also of the
bill; but he wanted the latter one to be kept in am
this. His desire was that the House would fit
whether they would raise additional means before th
red more expense. To use the language of the g<
from South Carolina, (Mr. PICKENS,) he protested
gentlemen availing themselves of the benefits of this
yet recording their votes against the two other bills
just alluded to. But if there were means in the Tr,
our disposal, then he believed it would be wise and
make the additional appropriation asked for.
Mr. D. concluded by moving to lay the bill on ths
Mr. WELLER asked the yeas and nays; wh
ordered.
Mr. FILLMORE inquired of the Chair wheth
bill was laid on the table, it would require a vot,
thirds to take it up again.
The SPEAKER said, in the event referred to
would take its place among the orders of the day, an
vote oh a majority only (the Speaker was understood
would be required to take it up.
Mr. G. DAVIS then withdrew his motion to la:
on the table, and moved that the further consideration
be postponed until C'uesday week.
Mr. BRIGGS (for the second time in his life,
moved the previous question.
The SPEAKER said that motion would cut off
tion to postpone, and would bring the House to a di
upon the passage of the bill.
Mr. WILLIS GREEN moved to lay the bill en t
The yeas and nays were asked, and ordered, ar
taken, were as follows :
YEAS-Messrs. Landaff W. Andrews, Arnoldt,
Atherton, Beeson, Boyd, Bronson, Aaron V. Brown, Burl
son H. Butler, Green W. Caldwell, P. C. Caldwell,,
Thomans J. Campbell, Cary, Chapman, Coles, Cowen,
Daniel, Garrett Davis, R. D. Davis, Dean, Deberry, Di
Eistman, J. C. Edwards, J. G. Floyd, Gerry, William (
Graham, Green, Gustine, Harris, John Ha"."-."-, Hays,
Hubard, ttuoter, Cave Johnson, Jshn NV. J...i,. -, Keir
Kennedy, Lane, Lawis, A. McClellan, McKay, Mathew
Miller, Oliver, Owsley, Payne, Piekens, Plainmer, Redi
cher, Rhett, Riggs, Sounders, Shaw, Shepperd, Snyder,
Stokeley, Sumter, Sweney, J. B. Thompson, Turney, Um
Van BurenWallace, Watterson, Welter, Joseph L. Wh
Williams, Lewis Williama, Joseph L. Williams, Wise
NAYS-Messrs. Adams, Allen, S. J. Andrews, Avec
cock, Baker, Barnard, Ba.ton, Bildlack, Birdseye, Bla
Boardman, Borden, liotte, B wne, Brewster, Briggs, B
M. Brown, Charles Brown, Burnell, Witliam Butler, W
Butler, Calhoun, Caruthers, Clilds, Chittenden, John
Staley N. Clarke, Clifford, Clinton, Cranston, Cuihi
C. Dawson, JIohn Edwards, Egbert, Everett, Ferris, F
Fillmore, Formance, A. L. Poster, Thomas F. Faster,
Gates, Gentry, Giddings, Gihuner, Goggin, P. G. Goode
Greig, Habeisham, Hall, Halated, W. S. Hastings, He
kings, Houck, Howard, Hud.on, Hunt, Ingersoll, Jan
William W. Irwin, Jack, James, Isaac D. Jones, Johr
nedy, King, Lawrence, Linn, Littlefield, Lowell, R. M
McKeon, Mallory, Marchand, Thomas P. Marshall, Sam
son, Mathiot, Mattocks, Maxwell, Maynard, Meriwether
Morris, Morrow, Newbard, Nisbet, Osborne, Parmienter,
Pearce, Pendleton, Pope, Powell, Proffit, Ramsey, B
Alex. Randall, Randolph, R.I. ->, R 'dney, Roosevelt
Saltonstall, Sanford, Seige .m, 1,i.- 1-i Simonton, Slad
Stanly, Stratton, Stuart, Taliaferro, R.W. Thompson, r
Toland, Trumbull, Van Rensselaer, Ward, Warren, %%
Edwarid D. White, Thomas W. Williams, C. H. Willia
throp, Yorie, A. Young, John Young-134.
So the bill was not laid upon the table.
The question recurring on the motion of Mr. B
the previous question, there was a second.
And the main question was ordered to be taken
on the passage of the bill in the following form, to w
A BILL making appropriations for fortifications, for
and for preventing and suppressing Indian hostili
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repreo
of the United States of America in Congress assemi
thie following sums be, and time same are hereby, appro
be paid out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise
ated, namely:
For repairs of Westhead battery, Governor's island, B
buor, five thousand dollars.
For repairs of Southeast battery, Governor's Island, B
bor, five thousand dollars.
For repairs of Port Independence and sea-wall of Caa
Boston i.,i 1. r, '.i hi.: i ,.. ;' ,, .i dollars.
For F.,i' i%% i",':, iooi-, I, ri.or, one hundred and
sand dollars.
For repairs of old fort at New Bedford harbor, five
dollars.
For Fort Adams, Newport harbor, forty-five thousand
For fortifications in New London harbor-rebuildin
Trumbull, Connecticut, thirty-five thousand dollars.
For repairs of old Fort Griswold, New London harbor
ticut, ten thousand dollars.
For completing repairs of Fort Niagara, and ere
repairing necessary buildings therein, New York, twe
sand dollars.
For completing repairs of Fort Ontario, Oswego, N
and erecting necessary buildings therein, fifteen thousai
For Fort Schuyler, New York harbor, seventy
dollars.
For repairs of Fort Wood and sea-wall, Bedlow's isl
York harbor, fifty thousand dollars.
For permanent walls for Fort Columbus, Castle Wi
South battery, Governor's island, New York harbor, tw
sand dollars.
For repairs of sea-wall of Castle William and other pm
vernor's island, seven thousand dollars.
For Fort Delaware, Delaware river, provided the ti
Pea Patch island shall be decided to be in the Unit
including twenty-two thousand seven hutmdred andt seo
lars carried to the surplus fund, January 1, 1841, fifty
dollars.
For repairing forts at Annapolis harbor, Maryland,
sand dollars.
For repairs of Fort Washington, Potomac river, thirty
sand dollars.
For Fort Monroe, Old Point Comifort, Virginia, one hu
fifteen thousand dollars.
For repairs of Forts Caswell and Johnson, and press
the site of the former, at the mouth of Cape Fear river,
rolina, five thousand dollars.
For Fort Sumter, Charleston harbor, South Carolim
thousand dollars.
For commencing dike to Drunken Dick sho 1, for pr
of Sullivan's island, and site of Fort Moultrie, Chariest,
South Carolina, thirty thousand dollars.
For Fort Pulaski, Savannah river, Georgia, thirty-fiv
dollars.
For repairs of Port Marion, St. Augustine, Florida, twi
sand dollars.
For continuing sea-wall at St. Augustine, Florida, fin,
dollars.
For Fort Pickens, Pensacola harbor, Florida, twenp
dollars.
For Fort Banancas, Pensacola harbor, Florida, forty-
sand dollars.
For Port Morgan, Mobile Point, Alabama, forty
dollars.
For Fort Livingston, Barrataria bay, Louisiana, thirty
dollars.
For repairs of other forts on the approaches to Nea
Louisiana, fifty thousand dollars.
For contingent, L-i.- t..'.i.. ; i. m...., fifteen thousand da
Forincidenual s-.--a'. m,.' ..O repairs offortificat
five thousand five hundred dollars.
Sec. 2. And beit further enacted, That the following1
and are hereby, appropriated in like manner :
Fur current expenses of ordnance service, twenty-fin,
dollars.
For purchase of ordnance and ordnance stores, sec
thousand dollars.
For armament of furtifications, one hundred thousand
For purchase of saltpetme atd brimstone, twenty
dollars.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the following;
like manner appropriated :
For preventing and suppressing Indian hostilities, viz
For balmiace required, in addition to the sum applica
the amount appropriated at thie la t session of Congres.
rearages of pay due Florida militia called into servi
Governor of the Territory in eighteen hundred and fo.
teen thousand three hundred and eighty-eight dollar
cents.
For arrearages of pay due Florida militia, commaander
adler General Reed, for six months in the service of t


States, commencing November, eighteen hundred and
terminating April, eighteen hundred and forty-one, twi
and ninety-seven thousand two hundred and thirteen d
ninety-two cents.
For arreurages of pay due to a battalion of Georg
for services on the frontiers of Georgia and Florida, in
hundred and forty and eighteen hundred and forty-one
eight thousand four hundred and ninety-five dollars ar
two cents.
For the Quartermaster's Department, the sim of four
and forty thousand and forty dollars, that being the a.
quired in addition to the amount appropriated at the las
of Congress; which last sums of money for preventing
pressing Indian hostilities are to be expended under tIhe
of the Seeretary of War, conformably to the acts of Co
the nineteenth o' March, one thousand eight hundred a
six and the acts therein referred to.
Mr. McKEON asked the yeas and nays on the m
S tion; which were ordered, and being taken, were as
YEAS.-Messrs. Adams, Allen, S. J. Andrews, Arn
criffg, Babcock,Baker, Barnard, Barton, Bidlack, Birdsey
Blair, Boardman, Borden, Butts, Bowne, Brewster, Brigg
way, Milton Brown, C. Biown, Biurnell, William But
0. Butler, Calhoun, W. B. Campbell, T. J. Campbell, C
Childs, Chittenden, John C. Clark, S. N. Clarke, Cliff,
ton, Cuwen, Cranston, Cravens, Cushing, G. Davis, W
Dawson, Doig, John Edwards, Egbert, Everett, Ferris
den, Fillmore, Fornance, A. L. Foster, Gamble, Gates
Giddings, Gilmer, Goggim, P. G. Goode, Gordon. Grn
tine, Habersham, Hall, Balsted, W. S. Hastings, Hay,
Holmnes, Houck, Howard, Hudson, Ingersoll, J, Irvin, W
Irwin, Jack, James, Isaac D. Jones, John P. Kenne
Lane, Lawrence, Linn, Littlefield, Lowell, Robert M


SWas en- MeKeon, Mallory, T. P. Marshall, S. Mason, Mathlot, Mattocks,
Maxwell, Maynard, Meriwether, Moore, Morgan, Morris, Mor-
e was in- row, Newbard, Nisbet, Osborne, Owsley, Parmenter, Pearce,
be a defi- Pendleton, Pope, Powell, Proffit, Ramsey, Benjamin Randall,
ms ofdol- Alexander Randall, Randolph, Ridgway, Rodney, Hoosevelt, Rus-
'hy, they sell, Saltonstall, Sanford, Sergeant, Shields, Simonton, Slade,
m in' this Smith, Snyder, Stanly, Stokeley, Stratton, Stuart, Taliaferro, J.
at a loan B Thompson, Richard W. Thompson, Tillinghast, Toland, Tom-
sta loan ulinson, Trumbull, Underwood, Van Buren, Van Rensselaer, Wal-
ie House lace, Ward, Warren, Westhrook, Edward D. White, T. W.
sin favor Williams, C. H. Williams, Winthrop, Yorke, A. Young, John
venue bill Young-148.
whether it NAYS.-Messrs. L. W. Andrews, Arrington, Atherton, Bee-
tionscon- son, Boyd, Bronson, A. V. Brown, Burke, Sampson H. Butler,
expended Green W. Caldwell, Patrick C. Caldwell, John Campbell, Cary,
is against Chapman, Coles, Daniel, Richard D. Davis, Dean, Deberry,
Id march Doan, Eastman, John C. Edwards, John G. Floyd, Gerry, Win.
requisite 0. Goode, Graham, Green, Harris, J. Hatin's. Hopkins, Hous-
Srevenue ton, Hubard, Hunter, Cave Johnson, J. W J t. ', Keim, Lewis,
Svaneen Abraham McClellan, McKay, Marchand, J T. Mason, Mathews,
advanced Miller, Oliver Pt'riti" Pav,e. Pickens, Plumer, Ktteding, Ren-
rst decide che, Rhett, R.: -,.. ..-. ,haw, Shepperd, Steenrad, Sum-
ey incur- ter, Sweney, r.,... W iV ,. ,, Weller, J. L. White, J. W.
gentleman Williams, Lewis Williams, J. L. Williams, Wise-66.
d against So the billwas passed.
bill, and [The Reporter is requested to state that Mr. WASHINO-
he had ToN, of North Carolina, is detained from his seat by indis-
easury at position.]
proper to Mr. WISE rose and said that he had been instructed by
the Committee on Naval Affairs to move, whenever the For-
e table. tification bill should have been disposed of, that the House
ich were resolve itself into Committee on the Home Squadron bill.
The day being considerably advanced, he would not make
er, if the the motion now; but he gave notice that he would do so to-
e of two morrow morning.
,the bill And then, on motion of Mr. WISE, the House adjourned.
), the bill _
id that a Il To make our report of the excellent speech of Mr.
id to say) Featis, of New York, more correct, we should have said, in
y the bill relation to Fort Schuyler, that he described it as being on a
the bill point of land called Throg's Neck, projecting from the main
n thereof land into Long Island Sound, and guarding a narrow pas-
sage between the fort and Long Island, about twelve miles
he said) frm the city ; through which all vessels coming to the city,
Sthe m-from the eastward, through the Sound, must pass.
the mo- r
irect vote Y In the speech of Mr. BARNARD, as published on Monday,
the reader will please to correct a provoking typographical error,
the table, by reading, in the 9th line from the top of the first paragraph, fox
id, being the word hobbling the words not being.

Arrington, LOCOFOCOISM DISPLAYED.
ke, Samp-
J. Camp- FROM THE CINCINNATI GAZETTE.
Cravens,
oan, Doig, Our readers will recollect the unceremonious removal of
0. Goode, Gen. Reynolds from the post office at Reynoldshurg, Ohio,
Houston, and the Postmaster General's refusal to give a copy of the
a, Andrew petition for removing Gen. R.-the charges against him, or
s, Medill, other reason than that the removal was made upon repre-
ng, Ren- sentations which were deemed sufficient to show that it was
Steenod, proper." Gen. Reynolds now states, under his signature in
iderwood, the Ohio State Journal, that he has obtained from the Gene-
ite, J.. ral Post Office a copy of these representations," which con-
r-80, B-sist of the following letter and petition from Bela Latham,
ack, Blair, late postma-ster in Columbus, to Amos Kendall:
3rockway, '" I herewith transmit to you a petition signed by the most re-
tilliam 01 spectuble citizens of Reynoldsburg, asking the removal of Rey-
C. Clark, nolds as postmaster at thaT place, and the appointment of Sibel,
ng, Wmin. with whom I have no acquaintance, but am assured that he is very
essenden capable and will be very acceptable to the Democratie party.
Gamble, Reynolds is a dark, mysterious man, and at active participator in
Gordon the late Harrison Abolition Coonskin Convention, and the demo-
nry, Hop. critic party would be much pleased to see him removed at quick
nes Irvin, step to the tune of the rogue's march.
n P. Ken- "B. LATHAM, P.M."
IcClellan, The petition (referred to, says the General,) was drawn
nson Ma up by T. J. Morgan, then assistant postmaster at Columbus,
Morgan, and signed by the following "respectable citizens of Reynolds-
Patnidge, Ih,-7" G. W. Slocum, Stevens, H. N. Knapp, J. S.
.Randall, W\ti., John Walton, A. S. Reader, Thomas Kenedy, Sam-
t, Russiell, uel Medary, John Brough, Jacob Hare, J. Boswell, M. H.
.le, Smith, Medary, E. Grover, E. Gale, Mathias Martin, A. McElvain,
,'' John Patterson, (' time tries all things,') J. Hunter, S. D
ms, Win- Preston, J. Oyler, Geo. Wheeler, A. G. Hibbs, and a few
others, whose names were not made out."
The signers of this petition, described by Mr. Latham as
RIOOS for ">the most respectable citizens of Reynoldsburg," all hut one
tive in Columbus, ai.d he within three miles of that city-not
it being one of themn is a citizen of Reynoldsbutg.
it : Such were the means usd by the party late in power to
grasp and hold tight the Spoils."
ordnance, -
itties. NATIONAL, THEATRE-WASHINGTON.
sentatives
bled, That Miss MONIER begs to announce to her friends and the Public
printed, to that THIS EVENING, JULY 21, has been set apart for hierBene-
appropnri- fit ; on which occasion the PRESIDENT of the United States will
visit the Theatre.
oston liar- Miss MONIEsn has selected Sir E. L. Bulwer's elegant and suc-
cessful Comedy of
oston lar' MONEY.
The principal characters by Miss MONIER, Mrs. GROVES,
stle island, Mr. J. WALLACK, Mr. LENNOX, Mr. LLEWE.LLEN, &c.
Miss MONIoER respectfully solicits the patronage of her friends.
rive than-
t EHlI Annual Commencement of Geoirgetjwn Co lege will
thousandT take plaen on Monday, 26'h instant, at 9j A. M. in the
C I ... Hall. The members of Congress and the public in gen-
dollars. oral are respectfiully invited. july 16-3td2tcp
ng of Fort 0T1OTICE.-J. B. H. SMITH, Attorney at Law, has reitnov-
NL1I ed to an office directly opposite to the east wing of the City
', Connec- Hall. july 19-eo3tif
acting and HOW TO KEEP COOL.
enty thou- Pray, whose is that shop, a little way off'1"
It is kept by my friend Mrs. RONCKENDORFF;
'ew York, You see what a nice, tidy place it seem,
nd dollars. But the best of it all, are her rich ice-creams,
thousand So fresh and fine that I rarely pass
At night, but I call and take a glass.
and, New Her rooms are arranged so trim and neat,
And the best of company there you'll meet;
Iliam, and You'll encounter many a Mcmb, r there,
elve thou- And distinguished Senator%, I declare,
May often be met her house within
irts of Go- To pass it by were indeed a sin.
Justat look at that beautiful loaf of cake !
tie to the Aod those jellics, a gotodly show they make.
ed States, And that cool lemonade, so grateful too,
verity dot Par better than Scotia's "mountain dew."
y thousand So ladies and gents, if you are wise,
Mrs. ROsCKENIrDOaFr's shop you'll patronize.
five thou- july 21-31
five thaou- jEW NOVEL.-Just published and for sale at MORRI-
-v SON'S Bookstore, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel, Joseph
ndredand IRushbrook, or the Poacher, a novel by Capt. Marryat. Also, No.
10 ofBarnaby Rudge, and No. 9 of Charles O'Mal ley.
ervation of july 21
North Ca- HISTORY OF SOUTHl CAROLINA, by W. (,
H1. Simms, author of "The Partisan," "The Yemassee," &c'
na, fifteen from its first discovery, in 1 vol. 1840.
Martin's History of North Carolina from the earliest
reservation period, in 2 vols. Just received for sale by
on harbor, july 21 F. TAYLOR.
tlosand I OAUlUIER WHITE, SULPHUR SPRINGS,
thousand it VA.-This elegant establishment is now open for ihe re.
enty-tou- ception of visitors under the same control antd superintendence as
the last year. The increasin- reputation of its waters, its really
Thousand superior accommodations, and its proximity to the Northern cities,
leave the proprietors no room to doubt but that the company will
very soon be large and fashionable, Our usually excellent hand
thousand of music will be in attendance on the tst of July. S'ages rsw
run from Alexandria, Fredericksburg, Charlottesville, and Win-
-five thou- chester, and froi the tat of July will run daily from the two for-
thousand mer points; those frrm Fredericksburg leavi g there after the
arrival of the Richmond cars-all arriving at the Springs before
to n night. A post office is kept here, which is called on the books of
r thousand the Post Office Department Warrenton Springa." Daily mails
Orn, arrive alike from the North and thle South. Passengers for the
w Orleans South leaving after breakfast will get to FP. 1 ,;. I,'. ,r' in time
ias for the evening cars ; those fsr the North i. il I ... i,. Springs
dollar, about sunrise and reach Waslilgton in time fir the Northern
ions, csy- The stage tare will not exceel 33 5O to F,. t.r; lI .,rtt or
34 50 to \% I.,,,'.... These increased faciliti. 1 .. .= the
Sums be, attendance of accommi d ting assistants, and the pledge of the
Thousand subscriber, as superintendent, to leave nothing undene to give sat.
isfaction, will, he hopes, be a sufficient inducement to a large por-
e tion oh the Public to favor us with their presence.
eity-five jine 19-3awtlAisgif I)ANL. WARD, P. Agent.
: dollars. [ IME KILNS ["01.R RENT.--For rentfor one or more
thousand mU^ years the Washington Lime Kilns lately occupied by Mr.
Speiden, on Rock Creek, near the Canal. They consist of four
sums be in Kilns of large dimensiots, with Lime-lmonse, Office, Shed, and
Stab'e attached. The rent will be reasonable, ansi possession
given immediately. Apply at the Office of H. M. Mrfit, on 4f
ble out of street, near Pennsylvania avenue. june 30-ifeodtf
' tor ar- 17tOR SALE, at Levi Pumphrey's Licery Stable, an excel-
e 'by thie lent Bnarv. Also, a Horse. Saddle, and Bridle ; the horse
rty, nine' rides very ". ii, works perfectly gentle iu harness, six years old,
s and two and warranted sound. july 19--3tif
I by Btig- J WANTED TO LEASE, Rent, or Purchase,
he United 11135 good two .i. r, h ., on or near Pennsylvania avenue.
forty, ansi iI Apply at th ..i . I
a hundred JAMES PHALEN & CO.
ollars and July 13-6tif Penn. avenue, corner of 6th street.


TO-I)AY
lia militia, ,'2ilii I11 capital,
i eighteen capial,
eseventy- 20 prizes of $1,000, &c.
ndninety- IN THE MARYLAND LOTTERY.

Hundred Tickets $5-Halves $2 50-Quarters $1 25.
mount re- AND IN THE
st session NEW JERSEY LOTTERY, to be drawn same day.
g and sip-
directions $15,000-$6,000-$4,000-20 prizes of $1,500.
ngress of 14 drawn numbers.
nd thirty- Tickets 35-Halves $2 50-Q.uarters $1 25.

ON THURSDAY,
ain ques-
Sfollows. ALEXANDRIA LOTTERY.
S$7,500-$2,500-$2,000, &c.
e, Black, Tickets only $2--Halves S1-Quarters 50 cts.
ye, Black,
as, Brock- o
ler, Win. 2 capitals of 20,000 dollars,
,aruthers, ON SATURDAY,
brd, Clin-
'illiam C. IN THE VIRGINIA LOTTERY.
, Fesen- 2 Capitals of $20,itii amounting to $40,000.
, Gentry, 40 prizes of $1,500 amounting to $60,000.
eig, Gus-
, Henry, Besides prizes of $5,000, $3.500, $3,070, $3,000, 2,500.
illiamW. Tickets only $10-Halves $5-Q-uarters 82 50.
dy, King, For sale by J. G. GREGORY & CO., Managers,
cClellan, july 21-2t One door east of Gadsby's, Washington.


WASHINGTON.
"Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and
inseparable."

WEDNESDAY, JULY 21, 1841.

The Boston Radicals are very seriously annoy,
ed at the late disclosures of Mr. JEFFERSON'S con-
victions-the result of his experience in the ad-
ministration of the Government-of the necessity
of a National Bank so long as there exist State
Banks. We are not surprised that these Radi-
cals take this admission of Mr. JEFFERSON un-
kindly, for the name of that eminent man is
about the only stay left to them in the present
shattered condition of their party. When he fails
them, their case is desperate.
The Boston Post is, we observe, at great pains
to prove that Mr. JEFFERSON'S abstract opinion was
adverse to a National Bantik, both as unconstitu-
tional and inexpedient. Such was undoubtedly
his doctrine on the subject; and his doctrine on
any subject which he had well studied was enti-
tled to great weight. But, had Mr. JEFFERSON
well considered the question when he first commit-
ted himself by the expression of an opinion upon it
which his pride of consistency became interested
in afterwards maintaining? Mr. JEFFERSON was
not a Member of the Convention; he was in
Europe when the Constitution was adopted. Nor
was he in the United States at any time during
the discussion of it. He could not therefore know
so well the purposes of the Constitution as those
who framed it. His original opinion against the
constitutionality of a U. S. Bank could not stand,
therefore, against the opinion ofthe Members ofthe
Convention who were living in 1791. Of these,
twenty were Members of Congress at the time that
the act establishing the Bank was passed; six only
of whom voted against it, viz. in the Senate, Mr.
BUTLER and Mr. FEW, and in the House of Re-
presentatives, Mr. BALDWIN, Mr. DANIEL CAR-
ROLL, Mr. MADISON, and Mr. WILLIAMSON. In
the debate upon the passage of that act, ELBRIDOE
GEIRY, whose opinions every man in Massachu-
setts who pretends to be a Democrat ought to
respect-who had been a Member of the Conven-
tion, and who was as capable ofjudging, and had
a hundred times more than Mr. JEFFERSON the
means of knowing, what the Constitution meant-
declared, in his Speech in the House of Repre-
sentatives, that "he thought Congress were as
competent to establish a National Bank as either
House was to adjourn from day to day."
But, let the opinion of Mr. JEFFERSON in 1791
be rated at what value it may, Mr. JEFFERSON had
not been long at the helm of the General Govern-
ment before hie discovered the value of the exist-
ing Bank as a fiscal agent, and not only consent-
ed to, but by his signature approved, the extension
of branches of the institution into the newly ac-
quired territories of the United States, to which
territories he stood in the relation of a peculiarly
responsible and deeply attached guardian and pro-
tector. Subsequently, when, during the last year
of his Administration, it was recommended by the
Secretary of the Treasury that Ihe Charter of the
Bank of 1791 should be renewed, (a recommen-
dation which unhappily failed ofits due effect,) Mr.
JEFFERSON, who had unlimited confidence in Mr.
GALLATIN, (then Secretary,) had determined, if the
question had presented itself to him before the
expiration of his term of service, to be at least
passive in regard to it. If he had not signed any
bill that passed for the renewal of the Charter,
he would not have vetoed it.
This we believe (and can almost say we know)
to have been his intention. As, however, we have
no evidence of it which we can present to the
Public, we shall content ourselves with proving,
by circumstantial evidence, that Mr. JEFFERSON
would not have applied the Veto power to a bill
for extending the charter of the old Bank. We
recommend that evidence to the consideration of
the Editor of the Boston Post, in the following
authentic extract from an interesting compilation,
of which he no doubt possesses a copy, entitled
"Laws of the United States :"
AN ACT supplementary to the act entitled "An act to in-
corporate thesubscriberstothe Bank of the United States."
1. Be its enacted, f'c. That the President and Directors
of the Bank of the United States shall he, and they are here-
by, authorized to establish offices of discount and deposits in
any part of the territories or dependencies of the United
States, in the manner, and on the terms, prescribed by the
act to which this is a supplement.
APPROVED, MARCH 23, 1804.
THOMAS JEFFERSON.
The Representatives of the People in Congress
are deserving well of their constituents. Another
of the great objects of the Session was yesterday
accomplished, so far as concerns the House of
Representatives, by the passage in that body of
the bill making appropriations for Fortifications,
for Ordnanctt and for preventing and suppressing
Indian hostilities, of which a copy will be found
in the account of yesterday's Proceedings. That
bill is now before the Senate.

As Sir ROBERT PEEL is to be the future Pre-
mier of Great Britain, supposing that the Tories
have triumphed in the late elections, it will be
interesting to know what his views are about the
United States.
This was his language at Tamworth, in canvass-
ing thai borough for a re-election :
One of the best consumers we have for our manufactures
are the United States of America, a country with which 1
trust we shall long maintain the intimate relationship of friend-
ship and peace. [Great cheers.] And, gentlemen, I do hope
that neither country-that or this-will be mad enough to
quarrel about a boundary line, when peace can be preserved
without detriment to the honor of either; for the preservation
of national honor should be always the first consideration.


And I do further hope that the good sense and moderation of
both countries will avert any quarrel between the two nations
who boast of a common origin, who speak the same language,
and between whom any collision could not take place with-
out materially affecting the warm, the best interests of hu-
manity all over the globe."
As an opinion has been expressed here that a
Tory ministry would be hostile to the United
States, this extract will be welcome.-N. York
American.

We understand that the NATIONAL INSTITU-
TION has obtained the useofthe splendid hall in the
upper story of the new Patent Office for the exhi-
tion of its collections. The closing of the rooms,
of which notice is given in our paper to-day, is to
allow of the transfer.

At St. Louis, (Mo.) on the 9th instant, execution by hang-
ing was done upon the four colored men legally convicted of
the murder of BAKER and WEAVER, and at the same time
setting fire to the house in which they were, some time ago.


AFFAIRS IN FLORIDA.

The following view of affairs in Florida, from
a correspondent who is entitled to respect and
confidence, cannot fail to interest our readers :
"I am no friend to newspaper paragraphs as vehicles of
praise, but the country is entitled to information touching
movements of general interest, though it may happen to carry
with it high commendation of measures or men. It is gene-
rally known that the present Secretary of War has boldly
entered upon an experiment in Florida by leaving in com-
mand of the Florida army a junior colonel of one of the in-
fantry regiments, upon the occasion of the retirement, at his
own request, of the brigadier generallately in command. There
were not wanting croakers to hold up a warning finger, as I
have beentold, againstthis arrangement, by whom it was urged
that this or that brigadier general ought to be sent forthwith to
take the command of the most respectable firce assembled in
any part of the country, and enter upon the most responsible
duties now in progress of execution in any part of the Army.
But the Secretary of War, as it now appears, judged rightly
that the command had better be devolved upon an officer ex-
perienced in the Florida service, though of a junior grade,
than be committed to a brigadier of a merit however distin-
guished, but wanting in practical acquaintance with the pe-
culiar service required in Florida.
All accounts from Florida agree that the zeal and activity
of Colonel WORTH have been communicated to the troops in
every quarter-that the whole of the northern portion of
Florida is simultaneously alive with soldiers moving in every
direction. So numerous indeed are the parties, that the eye
cannot readily follow them upon the map. The great swamps
-the cove on the Withlacoochee-the Ochlawaha and the
Big Swamp-have been explored and swept of their corn-
fields and of such shelters and sheds as make up Indian towns
in that quarter of the country. A party of the 7th infantry
got upon the trail of the only remaining Mickasukie chief
and his band, and after following it sixty miles, though not
successful in capturing the band, were fortunate enough to
surprise them so abruptly as to force them to abandon every
thing, to the very smallest pack; 12,000 pounds of jerked
beef and all their cooking utensils were abandoned by the-n,
and in their haste they even left what little powder they had.
Some parties are moving with canoes into recesses hitherto
not visited; and the Indians are now being taught that their
most secret hiding places can afford them no security.
It should be recollected that these operations are going
on in midsummer, and who shall say that the troops thus en-
gaged are not entitled to be borne in respectful remembrance
by their country '
"The famed chief Coacoochce, a prisoner at Tampa Bay,
has been induced to send the most imploring message to the
hostile Indians to come in without delay and emigrate. The
St. John's Indians cannot combine under any other chief,
now Coacoochee is taken, and the recent threatening of the
Mickasukies, with the loss of their camp utensils, must in-
cline them to give up the war."

TIPPECANOE MONUMENT.

FROM THE CARROLL COUNTY (INDIANA) EXPRESS.
Peace to the aihes of the brave men who fell at Tippecanoe !
We rejoice to notice that the subject of erecting a Monu-
menit upon the battle ground of Tippecanoe is beginning to
be agitated in some portions of the State. A more laudable
undertaking cannot beconceived. The respect which is paid
by a nation to the success of her arms and the memory of
her struggles is the surest index to the hearts of her People,
their patriotism and love of country. We can require no
stronger evidence of this than the fact, that whilst the civic
honors of nations which have preceded us have long been bu-
ried in the common grave of forgetfulness, the fields of their
conquests, yea, the soil in which are entombed their gallant
and heroic sons, are consecrated as the hallowed resting places
of the dauntless and war-worn soldier; and as these memo-
rable spots for centuries have remained, through t..,,r.l I. t:a..,
they will continue to be the noblest theme of thIr F..ir, Ii,.
Orator, and the Philosopher. The fields of Thermopylte,
Marathon, and Pharsalia, have survived the wreck of Empires
and the crash and crumbling of countless thrones, constantly
growing in celebrity by the lapse of time, until their names
arc graven upon the pages of undying history, and will ever
remain not less enduring or immortal than Sparta, Rome, or
Athens-names that are written in living, burning light upon
the scroll of time. And when all which now exists of our Gov-
ernment and institutions shall be passing-passed, and cen-
turies hence they shall be numbered among the things that
were, what shall speak stronger of the character, valor, and
patriotism of those who established a Government of consti-
tutional freedom in the Western hemisphere, than the fields
of Concord, Lexington, and Bunker's HiI 1 What shall
speak stronger of the prowess and bravery of those who en-
listed in the second struggle of our independence, and which
confirmed the character and sovereignty of that Government,
than Lundy's Lane, New Orleans, andt Tippecanoe'7 If such
is the importance attached to the battle field-the sepulchre of
the departed patriot-how strong the inducements which must
constrain the People of this RIepublic to leave some testimony
of their respect or regard for the memory ol those who bare,!
their bosoms to the sword of the enemy, and freely consecra
ted their lives and blood to the support of our institutions.
And to no portion of the country do these observations more
emphatically address themselves than to the People of the
West! Nowhere were heroism, Roman courage, and devo-
ted patriotism more nobly manifested, than upon the battle,
field of Tippecanoe. Though the glory of that triumph be-
longs to the whole country, yet the honor of the achievement
is justly yielded to the daring bravery of the West. The
Buckeye, the Hoosier, and the Kentuckian, stood side by
side under the guidancee of the gallant HARRI-ON in that try-
ing conflict, and their blood deeply crimsoned the unruffli'd
waters of the Wabash as it flowed, mingling and comming-
ling in swelling currents, from that field of death.
Nu monument is required to perpetuate the memory of that
struggle, or to augment its glory-they will live in the works
of the Poet, the Orator, and the Historian, long after the
lines of the sculptor are obliterated, and the stone itself has
crumbled into dust. Yet, a Monument worthy the spot should
be reared. We owe it to ourselves, we owe it to the brave
men whose remains lie mouldering with its soil-we owe it to
the memory of the gallant commander whose departure we
have been so recently called to mourn-weowe itto the cotn-
try- we owe it to the age in which we live, and we are urged
by all the considerations of duty to perform this work of pat-
riutismm NOW. All the scenes of that trying hour, which gave
consequence anid celebrity to this sacred spot, are now Iresh,
in the recollection of every citizen. The nation yet mourns
the death of the heroic soldier around whose brow her chaplet
was entwined, and her citizens are yet moistening with their
tears tie peacefull sepulchre which encloses lIis last remains.
Never again will so favorable an opportunity present itself for
the execution of this worthy act. One half century may pass
away, and, if we neglect this work, nothing will remaain oi
gratitude from us, not even a token tf our regard for those
high amd daring deeds of our fathers which paved the way
for our own settlement and wealth, and the safety and pm-us-
perily of our children. Let us now strike, and strike right,
and with half an effort the requisite funds will be raised, the
foundation laid, and a Monument erecteul, which will remain
a standing memento of the pride, the gratitude, and patriotism
of the People of the West.

The Editor of ihe New York Journal of Com-
merce says he is informed, by a distinguished
member of the New York Bar, that the decision
of the Court in the case of McLeod is not sus-
tained by the general voice of the profession in
that city.

U. S. SHit OHIO.-The ship o)f the line Ohio,
Commodore HULL, arrived at Boston on Saturday
from the Mediterranean. She left Gibraltar on
the 15th June. The United States sloop Preble,
Commander VOORHEES, left Toulon on the 7th
May for Leghorn.
LIsT OF O5'oICERs ATTACttED TO THE OIo,


Commodore.-IsAAC HULL, commanding the Mediterra-
nean squadron.
Captain.-E. A. F. Lavalette.
Lieutenants.-G. J. Pendergast, S. F. Dupont, W. L.
Howard, S. Lockwood, I. S. Missroom, R. B. Hitchcock, J.
W. Cox, James F. Miller, G. Gansevoort.
Fleet Surgeon.-T. Williamson.
Purser.-Wm. Sinclair.
Chaplain.-I. P. B. Wilmer.
Assistant Surgeons.-George Maulsby, E. J. Bates.
Acting Master.-J Carroll.
2J do.-W. D. Hurst.
Comn. Secretary.-J. Etheridge.
Professor of Mathematics.-J. Peiree, Jr.
Passed Midshipmen.-W. B. Renshaw, W. A. Jones, W.
A. Parker, W. E. Le Roy, L. Maynard, Jos. H. Adams.
Midshipmen.-W. E. Delough, P. Crosby, R. Townsend,
A. N. Smith, S. E Woodworth, W. R. Low, R. A. Knapp,
E. F. Tattnall, J. Downes, Jr. L. R. Law, M. Rush, J. Mc-
Lanahan, D. Ammen.
Marine Corps -Captain, Thomas A. Linton; Second
Lieutenants, Josiah Watson; H. B. Watson; passenger,
Suigeon James M. Greene, detached from the hospital at
Mahon.
The fine ship Kremlin, of Boston, was purchased by the
Government of Buenos Ayres, on the 8th of May, for 33,000
Spanish dollars. and is to be fitted out as a man-of-war. The
Kremlin was 320 tons burden, and was built at Medford in
1839 for her late owner, Enoch Train, Esq. Captain D. P.
Upton was in command at the time she was sold.


HIISTORY O THIE LAND DISTRIBUTION BILL.

The bill for the distribution of the proceeds of
the sales of the Public Lands having passed the
House, and the subject having been deemed here-
tofore, as well as now, one of great importance, the
following brief history of a similar bill, acted upon
during the Administration of President JACKSON,
may not be uninteresting. It is condensed from
a manuscript "History of the Administration of
President Jackson," by GEO. WATTERSTON, of
this city.
One of the first objects which claimed the attention of
Congress during this session (1832-'3) was the land bill, re-
ported at the last session by Mr. Henry Clay. This bill, ac-
companied by an elaborate report from the pen of that dis-
tinguished statesman, was the result of a manoeuvre to em-
barrass the chairman of the Committee on Manufactures, to
which the resolution of inquiry had been referred on the 22d
of March, 1832. Mr. Clay had warmly protested at the
time against the absurdity of referring the subject to the
Committee on Manufactures instead of the Committee on
Public Lands, to which it legitimately and properly belong-
ed ; but he did not fail to acquit himself, in the discharge of
this extraneous duty, as he had done on all former occasions,
with his wonted ability and talent, to the manifest mortifica-
tion of his political opponents, who, after having with some
unfairness forced this duty upon him, endeavored to deprive
him of the opportunity of explanation by moving on the day
when the question was to be considered to go into Executive
session. The motion was, however, rejected, and Mr. Clay
was permitted to explain the principles of his bill and to re-
port in a manner that tended to confirm the reputation he
possessed for sagacity, intelligence and eloquence. The res-
olutions which had been referred to the committee proposed
an inquiry into the expediency 3f reducing the price of the
public lands and of transferring them to the respective States of
the Union within which they laid. The report vindicated with
great force the policy of the Government in relation to this
matter, declared the propositions inexpedient, and recom-
mended that besides the five per centum hitherto reserved
from the sales of these lands for making internal improve-
ments in the new States, an additional ten per cent. should
be reserved for the same purpose within the respective States,
and the residue of the proceeds be divided among all the
States, and applied, at the discretion of their respective Gov-
ernments, to education, internal improvements, colonization,
or the payment of any debt already contracted for internal
improvements. The act was limited in its duration to five
years, and in the event of a war with a foreign nation the
appropriation was immediately to cease. This bold and inde-
pendent measure had startled and astonished the friends of
the Administration, anid it was deemed necessary to counter-
act the effect it was likely to produce by a counter-report,
and with that view the subject had been referred to the Com-
mittee ont Public Lands, to which Mr. Clay had desired it to
go at first, and this report was made in a few days'in opposi-
tion to the hill reported by the Committee on Manufactures.
In this report it was recommended that the minimum price of
the public lands should be fixed at one dollar per acre; that
when the land had been offered for sale for five years, it
should then be reduced to fifty cents, and that fifteen per
century of the proceeds should be distributed among the new
States. The subject had been thus fully laid before Con-
gress. Mr. Clay, when the bill reported by him came up for
consideration, demonstrated with great clearness and elo-
quence the advantages of the plan he proposed, and after it
had been so amended as to increase the per cent. reserved for
distribution to twelve and a half per centum,and togrant to the
States of Mississippi, Louisiana, Missouri, Indiana, Alaba-
ma, and Illinois 600 000 acres each, it passed the Senate by a
vote of 26 ayes and 18 noes. In the House the friends of
the Administration succeeded in postponing the bill till the
next session, which was equivalent to an indefinite postpone-
ment. Mr. Clay, however, determined not to be thus de-
feated, and with that perseverance and decision which have
always characterized him,introduced the bill again at an early
period of the succeeding session ; and after considerable dis-
etussion and various efforts had been made to amend it, it
passed the Senate on the 25th of January, 1833, by a vote of
24 ayes to 20 noes, and in the House of Representatives on
the 1st of March by a vote of 96 ayes to 40 noes. It was,
however, amended in the lower House so as to leave the ap-
plication of the funds to the discretion of the States. The
amendment was concurred in by the Senate, and the bill
passed through both Houses by a majority of two-thirds.
Pr, sident Jackson, knowing this fact, held itback till after the
adjournment of' Congress, thus contemptuously defeating the
will of a majority of the National Legislature, sufficient to
have passed it into a law had he returned it in time with hi.
objections, and thus, too, despotically vetoing a measure which
the public voice demanded and the public interests required."

MORE MURDER AND MOB LAW!
The Cleseland Herald, on the authority of the Chicago
American and a letter from the Rock River country to agen-
tleman in Cleveland, published at length in the Herald, sets
forth the lawless proceedings of the people of the Rock River
settlement in order to drive out a gang of horse thieves and
desperate characters. We shall riot give the details, but
merely state that the leading officer of the volunteer company,
(for the citizens had organized themselves into a regular
company and chosen their officers,) Mr. John Campbell,after
several attempts had been made to drive off the obnoxious
persons, without resorting to any excessively harsh measures,
was shot while standing at his own door in the dusk of the
evening. Suspicion immediately fixed upon a family bearing
the nameof Driskell-an old man and two sons-and th,
old man and one of his sons were at once arrested. Tlhe
other, and probably the one who had done the mischief, was
not to be bound The two taken, however, were tried, and
condemned to be shot ; which sentence was carried into exe
caution at the end of one hour! The letter states that the old
man confessed that he had stolen more than twenty horses.
and had been sentenced tu the penitentiary in Ohio, from
which hie made his escape. The ynung man was reported to
have acknowledged the killing of five men. Both of them
made other acknowledgments, but denied having any part
in the affair for which they were about to lose their lives.

EXTENSIVE ROBSBERY-On Saturday last, a young man in
the employ of Messrs. Masie & De Coppet, a French house
in New York, was sent to a bank with the sum of $9,000 in
his possession. He has not since been heard of. The notes
were. 2 of $500 American Exchange Bank, 4 of $500 Phe-
nix Bank, 2 of $500 Merchants' Bank, 3 of l1,000 Mer-
chants' Bank, 10 of $100 Lafayette Bank, and 2 of $500
Commercial Bank.
ANOTHER.--The Philadelphia Inquirer says: We learn
that ou Friday afternoon Mr. Justice, a runner in the Com-
mercial Bank, was robbed, as he supposes, between the Gi
rard Bank arid the corner of Third and Chesnut streets, of a
wallet containing ten or twelve promissory notes and checks,
amounting to about $9,000, and Girard Bank certificates to
the amount of $1,000."

MARRIAGE.
On the 15th inst. by the Rev. Mr. SMaIT, Mr. JOSEPH
H. WOODWARD to Miss MARY ANN STOKE, all
ot this city.

DEATH.
Suddenly, yesterday, at 3 o'clock, JOHN MARTIN
BAKER, Esq. late Consul at Neuvitas, island of Cuba
His funeral will tako place this afternoon, at 4 o'clock, from
Mrs. Stanford's boarding-house, in Gidsby's Row, Pennsyl-
vania avenue.

3' NOTICE.--The Rooms of the National Institution aie
closed for a few days. H. KING,
july 21 Curator.
"- 1.h 0. F.-The Grand Lodge of the District of Co-
luminbia will hold ai adjourned meeting on the evening of Satarn
day next, the 24th instant, of wsichl the members will please take
notice. july 21-2t
g7- Catholic Total Abstinence Assiclatlon.-A meet.


ing of the memtubers of this Association will be held at the Apollo
Hallon Wednesday evening, the 2lst instant, at half past seven
o'clock. As business of great importance is to be transacted, ihe
members are particularly requested to attend. By order of the
President. JNO. A. LYNCH,
july2 1Secretary.
N I EW PUBLICATION.- Charges preferred against
i Don Joaquin Velasquez de Loean and Don Pedro Fernan-
dez del Castillo, members of the Board of Commissioners, under
the Convention of April 11, 1839, on the part of the Republic of
Mexico, addressed to the President of the United States, byOra-
zio de Atnellis Santangolo, a citizen of the United States, with
twenty-three documents."
To be had at R. PARNHAM'S, Penn. av. between 9th and 10th
streets. July 21-5t
SOCIETY, MANNERS, AND POLITICS, Il the
United States--Being a series of letters on North Ame-
rica, by Michael Chevalier, translated from the third Paris edi-
tionm. Als History of the Baptist Indian Missions, embracing re-
marks on the former and present condition of the Aboriginal
Tribes, their settlement within the Indian Territory, and their
feature prospects, by Isaac McCoy, are for sale by
W. M. MORRISON,
july 21 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
FIELD'S HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY,
from the earliest periods, by WilliamsEnfield, LL. D.-a
new edition, the whole complete in one volume. London, 1840.
Just imported-a few copies only-by
July 21 F. TAYLOR.


RDItTORSt COtRRSP0PoNDR CZ.

NEW YORK, JULY 19.
The Custom-house investigation will probably
be closed next week, and the report of the Com-
missioners be immediately laid before the Presi-
dent. There is a good deal of anxiety here, and
I presume elsewhere, to know to what extent the
charges that have been preferred against the late
Collector and his subordinates have been sustained.
Mr. HOYT, I understand, has not yet been exa-
mined, but will be called on this week.
In the London papers Sir FRANCIS HEAD has
published a communication, in which he com-
plains of the ingratitude of the British Govern-
ment towards Captain DREW. Sir FRANCIS in-
sists that the part he took in the destruction of the
Caroline entitles him to high reward. The most
Important part of the communication is that in
which he pointedly asserts that McLEOD was not
present on that occasion.
The American Colonization Society's ship Sa-
luda arrived here this morning from the coast of
Africa. She brings accounts of a Dutch schooner
having been fired into by a gun-brig, and her hull
pierced with shot-the men only escaping by run-
ning below. The brig passed on without boarding.
The effect of the foreign news on the stock
market to-day was rather favorable. There was a
decided, though small improvement. American
securities could hardly be sold at any fair price in
London, owing to the announcement by the Roths-
childs that the State of INDIANA had failed to pro-
vide for the interest due on her bonds on the 1st
July. The stock maintained the prices of Satur-
day at the stock exchange. The interest due is
now paid with seven per cent. bonds, having two
years to run.

NATIONAL THEATRE.
Our talented manageress, Miss VIRGINIA MONIER, an-
nounces her first Benefit this season for to-morrow evening,
(Wednesday.) In order to make the entertainment worthy of
the occasion, she has, at great expense and exertion, produced
E. L. Bulwer's new play entitled Money," never perform-
ed in this city. It is to be hoped that as the Theatre here-
tofore has been but thinly attended, the Public and the
friends of Miss MONIER will avail themselves of this oppor-
tunity to award that tribute of respect and support which is
ever due to talent, virtue, and enterprise, but doubly so when
the claim is presented by a lady. FABIUS.

Sale This nay.

VERY VALUABLE, EXTENSIVE, AND DE-
SIRABLE PRIVATE RE-IDENCE at Pub-
lic Auctlon.-On Wednesday, the 21st irstant, we shall sell,
at public auction, in front of the premises, at 6 o'clock P. M. (if
not previously disposed of at private sale,) that very valuable, ex-
tensive, and desirable residence now in the occupancy and own-
ed by the IHon. John Forsyth, on the south side of Pennsylvania
avenue, near Georgetown, consisting of lots Nos. 5, 8, 10, eed
part of 9, in square No. 27, fronting 117 feet 6 inches on Penn-
sylvania avenue, with the valuable improvements thereon.
The terms of sale are: One-third cash; balance in six and
twelve months, with interest; deed to be given, and a deed of
trust taken, to secure tho payments of six and twelve months;
tlie property to be insured by the purchaser, and policy assigned
to and left with the trustee.


july 10-eod&di(3t


DYER & WRIGHT,
Auctioneers.


SAN)D FOR SALE.-The sub criber offers for satle, on
S accommdaoine terms, her Farm mnd Tavern, (the resi-
(lence i il.e t' ri...n,, Nelson,) situated in Fairfax county,
Va. directly on the Turnpike leading from Georgetown to Lees-
burg, one mile above the Chain bridge, and four from George-
town, containing about one hundred acres, a part in wood and
orchards, and well watered throughout.
The improvements are a comfortable frame house and all ne-
cessary out houses andl stabling. Near the dwelling is a never-
failing well of the purest water, and dairy-house near it.
Apply to the subscriber, at Mr. A. H. BoucHEm's, Market
space, Georgetown.
july 21-3t CHLOE GORDON.
Washington, I). C.
Orphans' Court, July 20, 1841.
N THE APPLICATION of the ailninistrator of
Thomas Dittro, deceased, it is this day Ordered, That
he give notice in some newspaper in the city ol Washington,
once a week for three successive weeks, that he will, on the second
Tuesday :n August next, proceed to pay anti -omake distribution of
the assets in hand, under the direction of the said court, to the
creditors of said deceased.


True copy. Test:
july 21-w3w


NATHANIEL P. CAUSIN.
ED. N. ROACH,
Register cf 'M ills.


V ERY OLD AND SUPERIOR BOIlTi,i D
WINES, BRANDIES, GIN, Wines in casks,
Champagnes, Clarets, &c.-On Thursday evening niext, the
22d instant, a: half past 4 o'clock, we shall t It at the Wine' and
Liquor store of Mr. Richard Tihmoipson, on Pennsylvania avenue,
the balance of his stock of superior old wine, &c such as-
Doiutle grape port andti superior old Madeira wines, in bottles
Superior pale and brown sherries, in bottles and casks
Do old Cognac bzandies do
Best Holland gin and old peach brandy, ILish whiskey
20 boxes claier wine, 20 baskets Champagne, various brands
20 boxes assorted cordials, tobacco, segars. snuff, alum, &c.
Store fixtures, stand casks, sugar and coffee bins, tea can-
'sters, Mardrn's patent and small scales 2 oil cams of 60 gitllons
each, with other articles usually kept at such estahlishimeiis.
Terms of sale: All sums of and under $25, cash ; over $25, a
credit of 60 days for notes satisfactorilyv nosede.
DYER & WRIGHT,
july 20-dif Auicticneerr.
ZINC BUILDINu, FURNITURE, CAREILTs,
Sc. at Auctiol.-On Wednesday, 28rh inst. nt 4 o'clock
P. M. we shall sell, without reserve, ins the yard of the Naimional
Hotel, thie Zinc Builing, better known as Gid-by's Log C.mbii,
containing a large amount of excellent building materials, fine
it air ng, and about 12,000 feet of new zinc ; with a lot of seconud-
tand Carpets, Curtains, Mattr sscs, Cuts, &E.
The attention of builders, coppersmiths, and others is respect-
fully requested, as the sale will be pus tive.
Terms at sale. DYER & WRIGHT,
july t12- 3taw&dsif Auctioneers.
%jEGROES WANTED.-The subscriber wisheos to pur-
l-' chase immediately a number of negroe. for cash. Per-
sons wishing to sell will find it to their interest to see moe before
they sell, a. I am determined to give the highest prices fot likely
negroes the New Orleans market will ust fy. I can at itl times
bei fuimnd at William H. Williams's establishment, corner of ?th
street and Maryland avenue. All communications addressed to
me shall receive prompt attention.
july 7-diftf THOS. WILLIAMS.
CHARLOTTE HALL SCHOOL.-The Trustees of
Charlotte Halt School take pleasure it a ........... 'r i the
public thatthey have engagedthe servicesof Dr F 1 P.r.r.r in
the English and Mathematical department of the institution. Dr.
Pinneo is a graduate of Yale College, haa been in',.r % r. -
cessfully employed as a public teacher, and most .- i.- tr rr., .-s.
ihave a personal knowledge ef his peculiar faculty and skill in im-
parting information to the student.
Charlotte Hall School is now most happily organized Dr.
Kraitsir, Dr. Pinneo, and Mr. Charles T. Shaw constitute the Fa-
culty. Dr. Kraitsir, the principal, is a gentleman of great learn-
ing and erudition, for which the Trustees refer to the ample testi-
monials presented to the public through the medium of the Intel-
ligencer and other papers during the months of J.3l., -n.l I .t.,'
1840, and is also a thorough disciplinarian. Mr. "Ii h- ,.-. -
tant classical teacher, has been connected with the school for sev-
eral years, is a scholar, and possesses industry and energy in
teaching.
The classical and mathematical courses are very full, and pupils
may be amply prepared for the junior class of any college in this
eimntry. The French language is also taught without additional
charge.
The expenses, considering the talent employed and thie com-
prehensive course of instruction, vre very moderate. Tie price
of tuition, with no extra charges, is seven dollars (7) per quarter
for the classical, mathematical, and French classes, and four dol-
lars and fifty cents (4 50) for the lower English. Board may he
had ini commons under the charge of a steward of very moral and
exemplary character at twenty-five dollars (25) per quarter, in-
cluding bedding and washing, or of the principal or assistant clas-
sical teacher at the same. There are also private families in the
villages wha receive boarders.
Charlotte Hall School is located in the small village of Char-
lotte Hall, in St. Mary's county, Maryland, situated upon an eleva-
ted plain, nearly equidistant between the rivers Patuxent and Poto-
mac, and is remarkable for its perfect exemption from autumnal dis-
ease, its general salubrity, and abundant flow of the purest water
from its numerous fountains. It is distant from Washington over
a good road, thirty-five (35) miles, and the mail stages frem Wash-
ington to Leonardtown pass within eight miles twice a week.
The Norfolk and Potomac boats touch within twelve or fifteen
miles, and the Patuxent from Baltimore within ten.
Under such auspices the Trustees, with entire confidence, re-
commend this ancient seminary to the attention of the public.
By order of the Board.
RICHARD THOMAS, President.
P. S.-There will be an examination on the 28th and 29th of
July, at which parents, guardians and others are solicited to at-
end. june 8-eo2mif
VERY DESIRABLE HOUSE tor Private Resi-
S dence fur Sale.-At private sale one of the best located
and altogether desirable residences in this oity, a three-story
brick house on F street, with all necessary back buildings.
Possession can be had in a few days' notice if desired ; and
the furniture may also be had, upon a fair valuation, with the
house. The house will be sold (for the greater part of the pui-
chase money) on a credit of 1, 2, and 3 years, with interest.
For further particulars apply to Edward Dyer, or at the auction
store of Dyer & Wright, July 15-eoiff












BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
IN pursuance of law, I, JOaN TYLER, President of the
United States of America, do hereby declare and make
knowtin that a public sale will be held at the Land Office at
DANVILLE, in the State of Illinois, commencing on Mon-
day the 9th day of August next, for the disposal of the pub-
lands- within the limits of the undermentihoned townships, to
wit:
North of the base line and east of the third principal meridian.
Townships twenty-i a, Iwon v *',-ve'n, nri] twn"It -cighn, except
tha westei'rn tier, or c.ions eix. s. vanr, ,'ighicen, nineirten, thirty,
and thirty-one, in each township,'of range seven. .
Townships twenty-seven, twenty-eight, twenty-nine, and thirty,
of range nine.
Townships twenty-seven, twenty-eight, twenty-nine, and thirty,
of range ten.
Townships twenty-seven, twenty-eight, twenty-nine, and thirty,
of range eleven.
North of the base line, and west of the second principal me-
ridian.
Townships twenty-eight, twenty-nine, and thirty, of range
fourteen.
Lands appropriated, by law, for the use of' schools, milita-
xy, or other purposes, will be excluded from sale.
The sale will be kept open for two weeks, (unless the
lands are sooner disposed of,) and no longer; and no private
entries of land is the townships so offered will be admitted
until after the expiration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington, this
thirtieth day of April, Anno Domini, 1841.
JOHN TYLER.
By the President:
JAS. WrrcoMoB,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.

NOTICE TO PRE-EMPTION CLAIMANTS.
Every person claiming the right of pre-emption to land in
any of the townships designated in this proclamation, in vir-
tue of the provisions of the act of the 23d June, 1838, as
extended and modified by the act of the 1st June, 1840, or of
the provisions of the latter act granting certain privileges to
another class of settlers is requested to prove the same to
the satisfaction of the Register and Receiver of the Land
Office, and make payment therefore as soon as practicable after
seeing this notice, and before the day appointed for the com-
mencement of the public sale of the land as above desig-
nated; otherwise such claims will be forfeited.
JAS. WHITCOMB,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
may 1-wtds
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
N pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BuREN, President of
the United States of America, do hereby declare and
make known, that public sales will be held at the undermen-
tion Land Offices in the State of Illinois at the periods here-
inafter designated, to wit:
At the Land Office at CHICAGO, commencing on Mon-
day, the ninth day of August next, for the disposal of the pub-
lic lands within the limits of the undermentioned townships,
to wit:
North of the base line, and east of the third principal meridian.
Township thirty-eight, of range six.
Township thirty-eight, of range seven.
Townships thirty-eight, thirty-nine, and forty, except the east
half of the southeast quarter, the east half and northwest quarter
of the northeast quarter, and the north half of the northwest quar-
ter, in section three, in township thirty-nine, of range eight.
Township forty-five and township forty-six, bordering en the
Wiskonsati Territory, of range ten.
Townships torty-four and forty-five, and township forty-six, bor-
dering on the Wiskonsau Territory, of range eleven.
Sections one to six, inclusive, in township forty, fractional town-
ship forty-one, (except the north half of section seven,) the north-
east quarter of section ten in township forty-three, and fractional
townships forty-four, forty-five, and forty-six,, bordering on Lake
Michigan, of range twelve.
At the Land Office at DIXON, (late Galena,) commenc-
ing on Monday, the sixteenth of August next, for the dispo-
sal of the public lands within the limits of the undermentioned
townships, to wit:
Northofthe base line, and east of thefourth principal meridian.
Fractional townships twenty-six and twenty-seven, bordering on
the Mississippi river, and fractional township twenty-eight, except
sectiot.s seventeen, twenty, and twenty-one, of range one.
Fractional townships twenty-five ani twenty-six, bordering on
the Mississippi river, of range two.
Fractional townships twenty-four and twenty-five, bordering on
the Mississippi river, of range three.
Townships twenty and twenty-one, of range six.
Townships twenty-one and twenty-two, af range seven.
Townships twenty-one, twenty-two, twenty-three, twenty-four,
twenty-five, twenty-six, and twenty-seven, of range eight.
Townships twenty-two, twenty-three, twenty-four, twenty-five,
twenty-six, and twenty-seven, of range nine.
Townships twenty:.-two, twenty-three, twenty-four, twenty-five,
twenty-six, and twenty-eighi, of range ten.
Townships twenty-five, twenty-six, twenty-seven, and twenty-
eight, of range eleven.
North of the base line, and west of the fourth principal meri-
dian.
Fractional townships twenty-seven and twenty-eight, bordering
on the Mississippi river, except sections thirteen and twenty-four
in the latter, of range one.
Fractional townships twenty-eight and twenty-nine, bordering
on the Mississippi river, of range two.
Fractional section seventeen, in township seventeen, of range
two.
Islands numbered one, two, three, and four, and part of Island
numbered five, lying in Rock river, within the limits of township
forty-three, north of range one, east of the third principal meri-
dian.
At the Land Office at QUINCY, commencing on Mon-
day, the sixteenth day of August next, for the disposal of the
public lands within the limits of the undermentioned fractional
townships, to wit:
North of the base line, and east of the fourth principal meri-
dian.
Fractional townships two and three, bordering on the Illinois
ver, of range three.
Lands appropriated, by law, for the use of schools, military
or other purposes, will be excluded from sale.
The sales will each be kept open for two weeks, (unless the
lands are sooner disposed of,) and no longer; and no private
entries of land in the townships so offered will be admitted
until after the expiration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington, this
eighteenth day of February, anno Domini 1841.
M. VAN BUREN.
By the President:
JAMES WHITCOMB,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.

NOTICE TO PRE-EMPTION CLAIMANTS.
Every person claiming the right of pre-emption to land in
any of the townships designated in this proclamation, in vir-
tue of the provisions of the act of 23d June, 1838, as ex-
tended and modified by the act of 1st June, 1840, or of the
provisions of the latter act granting certain privileges to ano-
ther class of settlers, is requested to prove the same to the sa-
tisfaction of the Register and Receiver of the proper land of-
fice. and make payment therefore as soon as practicable after
seeing this notice, and before the day appointed for the com-
mencement of the public sale of the land as above designated;
otherwise such claims will be forfeited.
JAMES WHITCOMB,
r Commissioner of the General Land Office.
mar 13-Iawts
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
IN pursuance of law, I, JOHN TYLER, President of the
United States of America, do hereby declare and make
known that a public sale will be held at the Land Office at
BATESVILLE, in the State of Arkansas, commencing on
Monday, the ninth day of August next, for the disposal of
the public lands within the limits of the undermentioned
townships, to wit:
North of the base line, and east of thsfiflh principal meridian.
Township seventeen, of range one.
Township nine, of range two.
Townships seventeen and twenty-one, except the northern tier
of sections in twenty-one, of range four.
Townships sixteen and seventeen, of range five.
North of the base line, and west of thejfifth principal meridian.
Township sixteen, of range one,
Township sixteen, of range two.
Fractional township ten, north of the old Cherokee boundary
line, and fractional township fifteen, lying west of White river, of
range eleven.
Townships fourteen snd fifteen, of range sixteen.
Township fourteen, of range seventeen.
Lands appropriated, by law, for the use of schools, military,
er other purposes, will be excluded from sale.
The sale will be kept open for two weeks, (unless t-he lands


are sooner disposed of,) and no longer; and no private entries
of land in the townships so offered will be admitted until after
the expiration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington, this
thirtieth day of April, anno Domini 1841.
JOHN TYLER.
By the President:
JAMES WHITCOMB,
Commissionerofthe General Land Office.

NOTICE TO PRE-EMPTION CLAIMANTS.
Every person claiming the right of pre-emption to land in
any of the townships designated in this proclamation, in vir-
tue of the provisions of the act ot 22d June, 1838, as extend-
ed and modified by the act of 1st June, 1841, or of the provi-
sions of the latter act granting certain privileges to another
class of settlerA, is requested to prove the same to the satis-
faction of the R-.q;ster and Receiver of the land office, and
make payment therefore as sosn as practicable after seeing this
notice, and before the day appointed for the commencement of
the public sale of the land as above designated; otherwise
such claims will be forfeited.
.. JAMES WHITCOMB,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
may 1-wtds

PI EASE'S CAN DY.-Inconsequence ofthe freqauentand
inereasir, demand lorI Pease's Hoarhound Candy, sohigh-
y celebrated f-.r lhe cure of hosrsenesa and cough, thie subseri-
b-er ha' been indaled t., accept the agency from the manufactur-
er, and will dispose of it, wholesale and retail, at his prices, at
btationers'Hall. W., FISCHER,


INDEFINITE POSTPONEMENT OF PUBLIC LAND
SALES AT CHICAGO, and also (with the exception
of township 24 N. range 9 E.) at DIXON, Illinois,)
heretofore advertised to be held in August, 1841.
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
T HE Public Sale of lands directed by the Executive pro-
elamation, issued On the 18th of February, 1841, to be
held at the LaRd Office at Chicago, in the State of Illinois,
commenciog on Monday, the ninth day of August.next, is,
in consequence of urgent representations from the settlers of
the injury Which will result to them by insisting on the sale
at the time aforesaid, hereby declared to be postponed with-
out day.
Notice is also given of the indefinite postponement, for the
same cause as the foregoing, of the entire sale directed by the
proclamation aforesaid to be held at the Land Office at Dix-
on, in the same State, commencing on Monday, the sixteenth
day of August next, with the exception of township twenty-
four north, of range nine east, the sale of which township will
be held, commencing on the day heretofore ordered as afore-
said.
The sale at the Land Office at Quincy, in the same State,
of fractional townships two and three north, bordering on the
Illinois river, of range three east, will take place as ordered
in the proclamation aforesaid, commencing on Monday, the
sixteenth day of August next.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington, this
twenty-ninth day of June, anno Domini 1841.
JOHN TYLER.
By the President:
JAMES WHITCOMB,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
july 1-wtAug. 16
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
IN pursuance of law, I, JOHN TYLER, President of the
United States of America, do hereby declare and make
known that a public sale will be held at the Land Office, at
GENESEE, in the State of Michigan, for the disposal ofcer-
la in ra ics ,i land hereinafter designated, which were ceded to
the Unoitd States by the Saganaw tribe of the Chippewa na-
tion, by the t'eatv concluded with those Indians on the 14th
of January, Ih,37, commencing on Monday, the thirteenth
day of September next, to wit:
North of the base line, and east of the meridian.
One tract of forty thousand acres, on the west side of Saga-
naw river, lying within the limits of township fourteen, of range
three.
Townships thirteen, fourteen, and fifteen, of range four, and
townships thirteen, fourteen, and fifteen, of range five, except the
fractional sections ten, fifteen, and sixteen, in township fourteen,
of range four the surveysof which are incomplete, and that portion
of section three, in township fourteen, of range five, reserved for
the use of a light-house.
One tract of six thousand acres, on the north side of the Kaw-
kawling river, bordering on Saganaw bay, situated in townships
fourteen and fifteen, of range four, and townships fourteen and
fifteen, of range five.
One tract of two thousand acres, on the east side of Saganaw
river, where Nabobash formerly lived, situated in township four-
teen, of range five.
One tract of one thousand acres, on the east side of Saganaw
river, in township thirteen, of range five.
One tract of five thousand seven hundred and sixty acres, on
both sides of Flint river, known as Reaum's *-l i., situated in
townships nine and ten, of range five.
One tract of eight thousand acres at the village of Otusson, one
tract of one thousand acres at Menoquet's village, and one tract ol
six hundred and forty acres at the Great Bend, all situated on the
north side of Case river, [designated on tie official plat of survey
as Flint river,] in township eleven, of ranges six and seven.
One tract of ten thousand acr, s, at the Big Lick or Rock, situa-
ted on both sides of the Shiawassee river, in township nine, of
raoge three.
One tract of six thousand acres, at the Little Forks, on the
south side of the Tetabawasink river, in townships thirteen and
fourteen, of range two.
One tract of six thousand acres, at the Blackbirds town, on the
south side of Tetabawasink river, in township thirteen, of range
two, and townships twelve and thirteen, of range three.
The lands here described are to be sold for the exclusive
benefit of the aforesaid tribe of Indians, under the provisions
of a treaty concluded with them on the 23d January, 1838,
ratified by the Senate on the 2d July following, the first arti-
cle of which fixes the minimum price at five dollars per acre,
under which sum no bid will be received, and which lands
are not subject to entry under any pre-emption law of Con-
gress.
The sale will be kept open for two weeks, (unless the lands
are sooner disposed of,) and no longer; and no private entries of
land in the townships so offered will be admitted until after
the expiration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington, this
ninth day of June, anno Dominini 1841.
JOHN TYLER.
By the President:
JAMES WHITCOMB,
Commissioner of the General Land Office,
june II-wtlstSept
'URNER & HUGHES, Stationers, Publishers,
r and General Bunk Agents, No. 10, John street,
New York, and No. I, Fayetteville street, Raleigh, North
Carolina.-Foreign and Domestic Books, Stationery, &c. Book
Binding done in all ita various forms, with neatness and despatch,
at Raleigh.
H. D. Turner, New York, N. B. Hughes, Raleigh.
Agency for Beckwitb's Pills at New York. june 12-w3m
S CULTIVATION, MANUFACTURE, AND) FO-
REIGN TRADE OP COTTON, by the Secre-
tary of the Treasury, Senate Document, 120 pages, with notes
and tables, price 37 cents. A few remaining copies for sale by
april26- P. TAYLOR.
UPERIOR WRITING PAPER.-W. isoher,
Importer and Dealer in Fancy and Staple Stationery, has
now in store the most extensive assortment of superior Writing
Paper that has ever been offered by any one establishment in this
country, being upwards of 2,000 reams, comprising all sizes in
general use, manufactured by Jessup & Brothers, Butler, Hud-
son, Thomas Amies, Valentine & Co., Southworth Co., Owen
& Hulbert, Stiirgess & Co., Hubbard, J. R. Smith & Co., Good-
win & Co., Gilpin & Co., and It. & J. Amesi besides a variety of
English and French Paper; all of which, wiih every other article
in the Stationery line, is constantly kept for sale, at intermediate
prices from $2 to $40 per ream, plain and ruled, at Stationers'
Hall, where, it will be remembered, a large portion of the paper
for sale has been made, three years since, expressly to order, of
'inen stock, by the first naioed live manufacturers. Consequent-
ly, it is much superior to any in the market, as no other is made
entirely of linen.
M Orders promptly executed, as above, fiune 25
IlHE LAWS OF' ETIOUFETTE, or short Rules and
Reflections for Conduct in Society, by a Gentleman-a new
dition, with numerous additions andl alterations. Also, the Canons
of Good Breeding, or the Hand-look of the Man of Fashion, by
the Author of the Laws of Etiquette. For sale by
W. M. MORRISON,
june 23 Four doors west of Brown's Hotel.
FOSCtATE'S ANODYNE CORDIAL, long and
5 justly celebrated as a remedy for Summer Complaints,
such as Diarrhoea, Chalera Morbhs, fhlitulent and spasmodic Co-
lics, &c.; for sale, wholesale and retail, by
T. WATKINS, Agent,
june 14-d3twtf Corner of 41 st. and Penn. av.
PICTURE 4)F PHILADELPHIA.-Just received
S for sale at Stationers' Hall, a vew Pictune of Philadelphia,
or the Stranger's Guide to the City and adjoining Districts, in
which are described the public buildings, literary, scientific, com-
mercial, and benevolent institutions, places of amusement, places
of worship, principal cemeteries, and every other object worthy
of attention ; with a plan of the city and map of its environs.
fet 24 W. FISCHER.
N EW BOOK.-Tbe Ninth Bridgewater Treatise, a frag-
mont, by Charles Babbage, Esq. from the second London
edition, is this day published and for sale by
W. M. MORRISON,
may 5 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
(M OTT'O SEALS, &c.-W. FISCHER has just opened
LYE a very extensive assortment of block nmotto seals, with the
best impressions. At. -. i.- :r ...iin| -- .f every size for engraving,
with every article :r, ,i,.: ,,iii .*.-r I's. of superior quality, kept
constantly for sale at Stationers' Hall. may 21
N EGROES WAN TEU.-Cash and the highest market
prices will be paid for any number of likely young negroes
sfbothsexes,(familiesand mechanics included.) Ahlcommunica-
tions addressed to me at theoldestablishment of Armficld, Frank.
lin & Co.,westend of Dukestreet,Alexandria,D. C., will meet
with prompt attention.
iulyv2--2awen&ela iwdt f GEORRFIKEPHARlT
J SSUP'- LETTER PAPER.-Just received per
schooner Victory, direct from the mill, two cases of Jessup &
Brother's blue and white laid 4to post. The above is warranted
to be Jessup's best paper, and equal to any in the market, not all
linen, but containing sufficient cotton to improve it, and make it
better, which all who know any thing about the quality of paper
will admit. Also, Butler's first class blue and white laid 4to post,
with a great variety of folio post and large writing papers, which
are received from the manufacturers, and will be sold at reduced
prices. R. FARNHAM,
june2B between 9th and 10;h sts.,Penn, av.


E NGLI-H DRAMATICS,newand beautiful London edi-
MAtions, just imported by F. TAYLOR, by the Great Western
at her last voyage. The complete works of Ben Jonson, In I beau-
tiful octavo volume, with portrait and memoir of his life and wri-
tings, by Bany Cornwall. Beaumont and Fletcher, complete in
2 volumes; portraits. Massinger and Ford, the two complete in
I octavo volume, with an introductory essay by Hartley Cole-
idge. Wycherley, Congreve, Vanbrngh, and Farquhar, the
four comprised in I volume octavo; edited, with biographical and
critical notices, by Leigh Hunt. All printed and illustrated in
the best English style, and for sale at unusually low prices.
july 7p
V |HE CHURCHMAN'S LIBRARY, to be published
S under the direction of the Right Rev. Benj. T. Onder-
donk, D. D., Bishop of New York, and the Right Rev. G. W.
Doane, D. D., LL.D. Bishop of New Jersey. Those wishing to
subscribe can see samples of the workanditerma at
MORRISON'S Bookstore,
april 14 . 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
? H'HE QUEENS OF ENGLAND, from the Norman
J- conquest, with anecdotes of their courts, by Agnes Strick-
land ; Biography and Poetical Remains of the late Margaret Mil-
ler Davidson, by Washington Irving; No. 6 Barnaby Rudge.
Just received by FRANCK TAYLOR,
june 14 Immediately East of Gadsby's.
1H E QUEEN OF FLOWE S, or Memoirs of the
I- Rose, with colored plates; the Sentiment of Flowers,
or Laiinago of Flora, embracing an account of nearly three hun-
dred different flowers, with their powers in language, with colored
plates; also the Moss Rose, a parting token, edited by C. W. Eve-
rest, are for sale by W. M. MORRISON, 4 doors west of Brown's
Hotel. june 16


OFFICE OF COMMISSARY GGNeRALO Or SuBSlSTUca,
WASeHINGTON, JULY 1, 1841.
SEPARATE PROPOSALSwill be received at this office until
the let day of October next for the delivery of provisions in
bulk for the ure of the troops of the United States, upon inspec-
tion, as follows-
At New Orleans.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do fresh Superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
600 do good hard Sperm Candles
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good cider Vinegar
At the public landing, six miles from Fort Towson, mouth of
the Chiemichi.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds ofgood hard Soap
600 do good hard Sperm Candles
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good cider Vinegar.
The whole to be delivered in all ihe month of April, 1842, and
to leave Natchitoches by the 20th of February, 1842.
At Fort Jesup, Louisiana.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,600 pounds of good hard Soap
600 do good hard Sperm Candles
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good cider Vinegar
One-half to be delivered on tat May, 1842, and the remainder
on 1st December, 1842.
At Fort Smith, Arkansas.
1,000 barrels of Pork
2,000 do of fresh superfine Flour
900 bushels of new white field Beans
15,000 pounds of good hard Soap
6,000 do of good hard Sperm Candles
300 bushels of good clean dry Salt
4,000 gallons of good Cider Vinegar
The whole to be delivered in all the month of May, 1842.
At St, Louis, or Jefferson Barracks, Missouri.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do offresh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
600 do of good hard Sperm Candles
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good Cider Vinegar
At Fort Crawford, Prairie du Chien,I Mississippi river.
400 barrels of Pork
800 do offresh superfine Flour
360 bushels of new white field Beans
6,000 pounds of good hard Soap
4,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
120 bushels of good clean dry Salt
1,600 gallons of good Cider Vinegar
The whole to be delivered by the 1st of June, 1842.
At Fort Snelling, St. Peter's.
200 barrels of Pork
4010 do of fresh superfine Flour
180 bushels of new white field Beans
3,000 pounds of good hard Soap
2,000 pounds of good hard tallow Candles
60 bushels of goad clean dry Salt
800 gallons of good Cider Vinegar
The whole to be delivered by the 15th of June, 1842.
At Fort Winnebago, on the Fox River, at the portage of Fox
and Wisconsin Rivers.
200 barrels of Pork
400 do of fresh superfine Flour
180 bushels of new white field Beans
3,000 pounds of good haid Soap
2,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
60 bushels of good clean dry Salt
800 gallons of good Cider Vinenar
The whole to be delivered by the slet of June, 1842. "
At Fort Howard, Green Bay.
100 barrels of Pork
200 barrels of fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
1,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good Cider Vinegar
he whole to be delivered by the 1st of June, 1842.
At Fort Brady, Sault de Ste. Marie.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do of fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
1,000 do of good hard tallpw Candles
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good cider Vinegar
The whole to be delivered by the 1st of June, 1842.
At Hancock Barracks, Holton, Maine.
400 barrels of Pork
800 do of fresh superfine Flour
360 bushels of new white field Beans
6,000 pounds of good hard Soap
4,00oi do of good bard tallow Candles
120 bushels of good clean dry Sa!t
1,600 gallons of good cider Vinegar
The whole to .be delivered in December, 1841, and January
and February, 1842.
At Fort Sullivan, Eastport, Maine.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do of fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
1,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good cider Vinegar
At Fort Preble, Portland, Maine.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do of fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels o' new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
1,0001 do of good hard tallow Candles
30 bushels of good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good cider Vinegar
At Detroit, Michigan.
200 barrels of Poik
400 barrels of fresh superfine Flour
180 bushels of new white field Beans
3,000 pounds of good hard Soap
2,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
60 bushels of good clean dry Salt
800 gallons of good cider Vinegar
At Buffalo, New York.
S200 barrels of Pork
400 do of fresh superfine Flour
IS0 bushels of new white field Beans
3,000 pounds of good hard Soap
2,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
60 bushels of good clean dry Salt
800 gallons of good cider Vinegar
At New York City.
200 barrels of Pork
400 do of fresh superfine Flour
180 bushels of new white field Beans
3,000 pounds of gocd hard Soap
2,000 do of good hard tallow Candles
60 bushels of good clean dry Salt
800 gallons of good cider Vinegar
At Baltimore, Maryland.
100 barrels of Pork
200 do of fresh superfine Flour
90 bushels of new white field Beans
1,500 pounds of good hard Soap
1,000 pounds of good hard Tallow Candles
30 bushels af good clean dry Salt
400 gallons of good Cider Vinegar.
NoTE.-All bidders are requested to extend the amount of their
bids for each article, and exhibit the total amount of each bid.
The periods and quantities of each delivery at those posts where
they are not specified will be one-fourth lt June, 1st September,
1st December, 1842, and lat March, 1643.
Thue hogs of which the Pork is packed to be fattened on corn,
and each beg to weigh not less than two hundred pounds, and
consist of one hog to each barrel, excluding the feet, legs, ears,
and snout. Side pieces may be substituted for the hams.
The Pork is to be first salted with Turk's Island salt, and then
carefully packed with the same article in pieces not exceedingten
pounds each. When the packing has been completed, the con-
troetor must furnish to this office a certificate from the packerthat
the Park has been so salted and packed.
The Pork to be contained in seasoned heart of white oak or
white ash barrels, full hooped; the Heans in water-tight barrels,
and the Soap and Candles in strong boxes of convenient size for
transportation. Salt will only be received by measurement of
thirty-two quarts to the bushel. The candles to have cotton
wicks. The provisions for Prairie du Chien and St. Peter's must
pass St. Louis, for their ultimate destination, by the 15th of April,
1842. A failure in this particular will be considered a breach of
contract, atnd the Department will be authorized to purchase to
supply these posts.
The provisions will be inspected at the time and place of deli-
very, and all expenses to be paid by contractors -until they are
deposited at such store-houses as may be designated by the agents
of the Department. "*
The Commissary General reserves the privilege of increasing
or diminishing the quantities, or of dispensing with one or more


articles, at any time before entering into contract, and also ofin-
creasing or reducing the quantifies of each delivery one-third,
subsequent to contract, on giving sixty days' previous notice.
Bidder-, not heretofore contractors, are required to accompany
their proposals with evidence of their ability, together with the
names of their sureties, whcse responsibility must be certified by
the District Attorney, or by some person well known to the Gov-
ernment, otherwise their proposals will not be acted on.
Advances cannot be made in any case; and evidence of inspec-
tion and full delivery will be required at this office before requi-
sition will be made upon the Treasury for payment, which will
be effected in such public money as may be convenient to the
points of delivery, the p'acer of purchase, or the residence of the
contractors, at the option of the Treasury Department.
No drafts on this office will be accepted or paid under any cir-
cumstances.
Each proposal will be sealed in a separate envelope, and mark-
ed "Proposals for furnishing Army Subsistence."
july 1-3tawt25S GEO. GIBSON, C. G, S.

P AUL PRESTON'S Voyages, Travels, and Re-
markable Adventures, as related by himself, with en-
gravings, just received and for sale at the Bookstore of
R. FARNHAM,
jan 1 between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
L LARGE WRITING PAPERS.-Hudson's, Butler's,
UiSturge,'s, Hurbbard's, Platner & Sm'th's blue and white
medium, demy, folio post, royal, super royal, and o, her writing
papers, which will be sold at mill prices. Also, all other letter
and foolscap papers, and warranted as good as can by found in
this or another market, and upon as good terms .
R. PARNHAM.
june 21 Between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. av.


M RS. PREUn!S,on Missouri Avenue, has several fine large
rooms now vacant, the gentlemen occupying them having
just left Washington. july 19-3t

TIIHE Rights and Duties of Merchant Seamen, according to
Sthe general maritime law and the statutes of the United
States; one volume, 1841; by George Ticknor Curtis, of the
Boston Bar. This day received for sale by
july 19 P. TAYLOR.
'iADITIONI TO THE PUBLIC.-I herebycaution the
C Public from receiving a note of mine in favor of James
Cuthbert for fifty dollars, for ninety days, dated, as well as I can
recollect, about the 4th of May, 1841. The same having been
fraudulently obtained, I am determined not to pay it unless com-
pelled by due course of law.
july 19-3t GEORGE W. KENDRICK.
JINTH STREET BOOT AND SHOE STORE.
N The subscriber begs leave to offer his thanks to the Public
foa the liberal patronage he has received at their hands from the
commencement of his business ; and he would now invite atten-
tion to the following articles, which he ventures to say will be
found cheaper at his store than in any other in the city, viz.
Ladies' light colored Gaiter Boots, a rich article
Do black silk Boots, French style, splendid article
Do white and black Kid Slippera
Do kid and mnorocco Slippers, all new style
Also a good supply ofyouth's and children's wear; all of which
will be warranted of the best material and workmanship.
Please remember the 9th street Boot and Shoe Store, 3 dears
west of Dr. Gunton's, and near Mr. Darius Clagett's.
july 17-eb3t WM. HARPER.
35 BALES PRIME OLD TIMOTHY HAY,
5 for sale by W. T. COMPTON,
july 17-eo3t Water street, Georgetown.
SOVERNESS.-A young lady qualified to teach the usua
S branches of an Englisi education, French, plain and
fancy needle work, &c. wishes to obtain a situation as governess
in some private family, either in this city om Georgetown, or
within the District.
Further information will be given on, application at the store of
Messrs. Dyer & Wright. july 16-eolw
ACON AND LARD.-
50,000 pounds Western Bacon, assorted
200 kegs and 20 barrels Lard
The above is received on commission direct from the salters
in Ohio, and will be sold on favorable terms by
GEO. LOWRY,
feb 27-w6m Georgetown.
'IH E subscriber has on hand, at his Marble Yard, south side
of Pennsylvania avenue, opposite No. 12, between 41 and
6th streets, a fine assortment of American and Foreign Marble,
namely, Monuments, Tombs, Head Stones, &c. which will be sold
low for cash, or in trade.
Also, Agent for the sale of Marble Mantels, from the celebrated
manufactory of John W. Maxwell, of Baltimore.
Grate setting done as usual. J. P. PEPPER.
N. B. Orders received for furnishing Anthracite Coal as here-
tofore. june I-d3tw2m
D OYLE & M'NEEILY, Leather Manufacturers, have
S for sale at their store, No. 35, North Third street, Philadel-
phia, third door below the City Hotel, a 1-,r: r..-t.,.. .-f M -
rocco Leather, suitable for shoemakers, i..r:, i -..k-t--nj,:.
coachmakers, saddlers, pocket-book, bellows, suspender,and trunk
manufacturers, &c.
Also, Chamois and Buck Skins, suitable for glovers, ceachma-
kers, printers, suspender manufacturers, silver players, &c.
White Leather, for saddlers, apothecaries, and suitable for shoe
linings, &c.
They also manufacture, and keep constantly for sale, a general
assortment of Parchment and Vellumn, suitable for scriveners, prin-
ters, bookbinders, goldbeaters, and for drum heads.
Also, Sheep, Deer, and Calf Skins, for bookbinders, cotton spin-
ners, shoe binding, shoe lining, aprons, suspenders, saddlers,
pocket book, bellows, and card manufacturers, &c.
mar 6-2aw6mo
MRR. AND MRS. ARCHER'S ACADEMY RPO
i YOUNG LADIES, Lexington street, 5 deois east of
Charles, Baltimore.-This institution has been in operation with
extensive patronage, for more than a year, in one of the most de-
lightful and healthy locations in the city of Baltimore.
The plan of instruction embraces all the branches of polite and
finished education. The modern -,'.-, i,.- -iu-.:.,tli, i,.
French, are strictly attended to; the I i. ; i o..: .- l...-i......-r.,
are taught by the most improved instructors. Lectures no chem-
istry are delivered to the young ladies by Professor Aiken, ofthe
University of Maryland, with the advantage of a full and com-
plete apparatus.
The scholastic year commences on the first Monday in Septenm-
ber, and terminates an the third Monday iin July following.
Terms as follows :
Boarding and English tuition per annum $260
Modern languages (also Latin and Greek) each per
annum 30
Music and dancing at professor's prices.
Drawing and painting, per quarter 10
References.-Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott, U. S. Army; Charles
Davies, LL. D. ; Rev. E. W. Gilbert, President Newark Col-
lege4 Rev. J. Davis, W.i,,,-.gi n ; Rev. Dr. Wyatt, Rev. Dr.
Johns, Baltimore. july 6-lawlIlw
F tRUSTEE'S SALE OF VALUABLE REAL
1 PROPERTY AT AUCTION.-By virtue of a de-
cree of the Circuit Court of the District of Coloumbia for Wash-
ington county, in Chancery sitting, made in the cause of the
Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank of Georgetown and others, ceom-
plainants, against the heirs, widow, and representatives of George
French, deceased, defendants, the subscriber, appointed by the
Court as trustee in the cause, will offer at public sale on Thurs-
day, the 29th day of July next, at the auction rooms of Thomas C,
Wright, in Georgetown, the fallowing described valuable real
estate, late the property of said deceased, viz. South part of lot 'o.
4, in Holmead's Addition to Georgetown, fronting twenty feet on
Bri.Nige street and one hundred and twent3 f. .i .nt M i.,i...... ,
street; west parts of lots 5, 6, 7, and 8, in II. ,I-. .l'- A i.... ,
Georgetown, fronting 671 feet on Bridge street, with a large front
on Montgomery street, and running to the Canal basin; parts of
the same lots fronting 40 feet on Bridge street, with a large three-
story brick dwelling house thereon, now in the occupancy of Mrs.
French ; part of same lots fronting 50 feet on Bridge street.
AIso, the following lots of ground in Washington city, viz. Lots
4, 6, 7, and part of let 9, in square 27, and lot 3, in square 79, in
said city. All this property will be sold free of the widow'sdower
therein.
Terms of sale : One-fourth cash ; the residue payable in equal
instalments in one, two, and three years, with interest from the
day of sale; the purchasers' notes, with security, to be approved
by the trustee, will be required for the payment of the purchase
money. On the ratification of the sale and the payment of the
purchase money, the trustee will convey to the purchaser, at his
expense, a title to the said property, which is believed to be good.
Should the terms of sale be not complied with, the property will
be resold, at the risk and expense of the former purchaser, upon
giving five days' notice thereof.
Sale to take place at 5 o'clock P. M.
ROBERT BOWIE, Trustee.
STHOMAS C. WRIGHT,
june 14-law6w&ds Auctioneer. '
rI GEOLOGICAL CO0LLOCQUIkoS, by eyv. Tho-
mas C. Thurnton, complete in one volume octavo,
being a compendium of Christian Divinity, speculative and prac-
tical, founded on scripture and reason, and, designed to aid heads
of families, young men about to enter the ministry, and the youth
of both sexes, in their efforts to obtain and communicate a know-
ledge of true piety. Just received and for sale by


EMO)VAL.-The subscriber, late of Georgetown, thank
ful for' past flavors, would inform his old customers and the
I'.i.I.. .:r ri ,i, *i ,r h.? has taken R. Hendley'sold stand, corner
oe 7th and Estreets, south front of the new Post Office now build-
ing, where lie intends to keep a genteel house for gentlemen only.
His eaing, drinking, and lodging shall at all times be good. Oys-
ters and other delicacies in their season. A number of boarders
can be suited after thie 1st of July.
june 28-eo3w JAMES DAVIS.
N EW NOVEL.-The Marrying Man, a novel, by the au-
thor of Cousin Geoffrey, in 2 vols. Also, Number 9
Barnaby Rudge, are just received and for sale by W. M. MOR-
RISON, four doors west of Brown's Hotel. july 9
C W. BOTELER, Jr. hass removed to the store lately
occupied by S. G. Kneller & Co. on 7th street, nearlyop-
posite the Patriotic Bank, where he has on hand, and intends con-
stantly keeping, a general assortment of house-furnishing articles,
such as
Soras, sideboards, dressing and plain bureaus
Bedsteads, chairs, centre, pier, dining and card tables
Wardrobes, washstands, mahogapy, cane-back and seat, and
Boston rockers
Settees, mattresses, feather beds
China, glass, and crockery
Looking-glasses of every description
Phlated ware, knives and forks
Britannia coffee and tea pots, kitchen utensils
With a variety of fancy articles, all of which will be sold at
prices as low as can be purchased in the District. Persons fur-
nishing will find it to their advantage to call and examine msr
prices before purchasing elsewhere.
The subscriber gratefully acknowledges the liberal share of
patronage he has received, and would again express his assurance
that if moderate prices and accommodating terms will ensure a
continuance of public patronage, these exertions on his part shall
not be wanting.
Second-hand furniture taken in exchange for new.
july 14-w3w [[lobe],
VBUHIS IS TO <4IVE NOTICE that the subscriber has
T. .l ,,.'d f,., I,. Orphans' Court of-Wa;hington county,
In the 1,C-i,,. i. i. it, I.. ,-, letters administration, with the will
ennmexed, on the personal estate ef Alexander Macomb, late of the
United States Army, deceased. All persons having claims against
the deceased are hereby warned to exhibit the some, with the
vouchers thereof, to the subscriber, on or before the 13th day of
July next, they may otherwise by law be excluded from all bene-
fit of said estate.
Given under my hand this.i3th day of July, 1841.
J. B. H. SMITH,
july 14' Administrator with the will annexed.
'a1HI'- T1 T il (-; E N7TI E I ,L' .NhT.,It.i, rs
have obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washingtom-
county, in the District of Columbia, letters of administration
on the personal estate of Isaac Cooper, late of Washington
county, deceased. All persons having claims against the -de-
ceased :,r-- --vr-:t, -irri.l to exhibit the same, within the vouchers
thereof, th it,,'h -et.-r.r on or before the 30th day of June
next; they may otherwise by law be excluded from all benefit of
said estate.
Given under our hands this 30th day of June, 1841.
SARAH COOPER,
JOHN SESSFORD,
Administrator.
All persons whohave heretofore left any work toibe doe at
the shop of the deceased are respectfully requested to call at
the same, and settle therefore, june 5 --w3w
JEW BOOKS.-Family Secrets, or hints to those who
would make home happy, by Mrs. Ellis (late Sarah Stick-
ney) to be published in monthly numbers. Number one this day
received and for sale by F. TAYLOR, contains thq Dangers of
Dining Out, a tale, price 25 cents; also, the Queen of Fhliwers,
or'Memoirn 'bo the Rose, Tm ll volume with beautiful colored en-
gravings inae Penn, MBniszine fr Jan-iars, February, and March,
1841, thre.i nutvre, ithe I.on.,,n cdiior, ; G.\ FawkbE, an His-.
Storical Roianw., ly VW. Harrniison Airss,-util, ihl, il'ustrationai.


THE POTOMAC PAVILION,
PINEY POINT.
T HE SUBSCRIBER respectfully informs his fiends and
the Public that he has resumed the management of this
popular Bathing Place, and that it is now open for the reception
of company.
Piney Point, on which the Pavilion is situated, is a clear open
cape, (though wooded in the rear on the north and east,) jutting
into the Potomac near its mouth, where the river is eight or ten
miles wide, in full view of the Chesapeake bay. The bathing is
very fine, the water being nearly as salt as that of the ocean, and
the air as pure. It possesses the advantage of the greatest abun-
dance of the largest oysters, of soft and hard crabs, and all the
varieties of excellent fish with which the waters of the Chesea-
peakie abound.
There are a spacious Ball Room, Billiard Room, Bowling Al-
leys, Quoit Yards, &c., the whole fronting the river to the south,
within a hundred yards of the clean white beach. There are
provided, also, two beautiful and commodious yachts, under the
charge of an experienced and skilful seaman. There are bath-
ing houses for those who prefer them to the open serf; also a sub-
stantial wharf for the steamboats to come up to, instead of land-
ing and taking off passengers in the small boats, as heretofore;
which, moreover, enables visitors to bring-carriages and horses,
if they choose.
Besides the salt water luxuries above named, e ..r r. .I,, ,tii
be supplied for the table which the markets of the I,-,r. IB,',
more, and Norfi)lk can afford, to which the steamboat lines fiur-
nish regular access; and the house wilt be amply provided with
the best wines and other liquors.
The establishment has been well, though plainly, furnished
throughout, including new mattresses and bed furniture. The es-
tablishment is sufficiently large to accommodate 200 visitors.
The steamers which ply between the District and Baltimore
and Norfolk furnish to the inhabitants of those cities regular op-
portunities for visiting and departing from the Pavilion.
The subscriber has procured the aid of efficient and attentive
assistants for the Bar and other departments of the establishment.
It is determined that moderate charges shall constitute one of
tli, o I.rl. y t- he establishment; to this shall be added the
i., ,' ii. -i- di to please, and the subscriber trusts that these
efforts, united to the experience acquired by him as keeper for
several years of a public house, will enable him to give satisfac-
tion to all who may favor him with a visit.
P. J. HEPBURN.
Price of board $1 25 per day; children under twelve years of
age and servants half-price.
N. B.-Families desirous of spending a considerable portion of
the season will be taken on mere moderate terms.
n The Columbia steamer, Capt. Guyther, leaves Washingtoni
every Wednesday morning at 6 and Alexandria at 7 o'clock for
the Point. june 9-2aw8w
SACOB SNIDER, Jtun.'s 'WHOLESALE ANI)
RETAIL WINE STORES, No. 30 Walnut st.
Philadelphia.-A business connexion for the past sixteen years
with the well-known established house of JOHN VAUGHAN, Esq.
gives the subscriber great facilities for obtaining the best wines
of Europe.
Having replenished his stock by various late importations of
Wines, &c. he invites attention to it, with the conviction of his
ability to give satisfaction by the delivery of wines, liquors, &c.
that are of the best sorts, brands, and growth, all of his own im-
porting, end on sale directly from the original casks, instead of
thie draught wines and fiquors being transferred to stand casks,
having in them the lees of many wines, as has been the usage of
the trade. Among his stock are the following :
SHERRIES-Pale and Brown, on draught at various prices.
In bottle-AAmiontillado, East India, Savannah, Natchez, Extra Old
Brown, Tiata di Rotr, Paxaretta, &c. &c.
MADEIRAS-Of Phelps, Newton, Gordon, & Cossart, Scott
& Co. Howard, March, & Co. and others of variety, on draught.
In bottles-Plain, Superior, East India of one and two- -,'-.
West Iodia, Amelia, Sup. Dry Nutty, Pure Vintqs I -', Ni.
Orleans, Count Galvathal, 1818, Extra Dry N '.i, % %.-, Comet,
1811, Curious Oil Rich and Dry Malmsley, with a great variety
of others, on draught, in bottles and demijohns.
PORT WINES, &c.-Extra Superior Old Red Port, vintage
1816, Extra Superior Old White Port, vintage 1820 ; both from
Burmester's private stock at Oporto, direct. Old Red Carmarate
and Old White Bucellas, Ports or, draught.
FRENCH AND GERMAN-Clh-......h. J. V.,.ghan, extra;
Red and White Hrsitne i 1. f I,,.; ii, i ,-,.. r.. of various
sorts; Sparkling m... It r,. .., Sparkling Fink Burgundy;
Extra Rivesaltes and Frontignoa; Still and Sparkling Moselle
and Rhine Wines, as Musbaeh, Geisenheiim, Marcobrun, Rudes-
'.-;., J .. H .- .,I. -l. ..A, W ; ien, Schartzberg, still
ia.1 .- 1 ,i 1 k ,,,. *..r.. .r ,tn.j:. u, ft, ..,rn- , d c.
Ait. I .t I-'., i .-.,., .' il ., uHerring's best, Mare-
schino, Curacoa, with a full stock, on draught and in bottles, of
Brandies, Gin, Whiskeys, Jamaica Spirits, Peach Brandy, &c.
With a general assortment of Wines and Liquors, in bottles
an-h -.I -Ir, i .1-i ., I, ;,,e' i-" I ',-priced sorts, forculinary use.
Or 0 1, . ht.,. .-.i' the United States executed wis4 fidel-
ity and despatch. JACOB SNIDER, Jun.
mar 9-2aw6m Philadelphia.
7UlHE MONEYED MAN, a Novel, by Horace Smith,
1 one of the authors at the Rejectel Addresses," iust pub-
lished; and The Life and Literary Remains of L. E. L., 2 vols. re-
ceived this day for sale by F. TAYLOR, and for circulation
among Ahne subscribers to the Waverley Ciret-lating Library.
T EW MAP OV IOWA, exhibiting the sections, town-
` ships, ranges, watercourses, prairie, swamp, woodland
&e. &c. compiled from the United States surveys, and certified
Sto by the Surveyor General of Wisconsin and Iowa. Just pub-
lished and received for sale by P. TAYLOR.
Also, in I vol. by Jesse Williams, a minute description of every
section and quarter-section of the United States lands in Iowa,
their soil, timber, prairie, rock, coal banks, iron and lead ores,
water power, &ec. with a large and valuable map. Just received,
a few copies only, by
june 7 F. TAYLOR.
'e1O PARENTS AND TEACHERS.-SCHOOL
BOOKS.-The subscriber having lately received from
the North a very large supply of School Books, and all that are
used in the IDistrictand having selected those thatare well bound,
and the best editions, those who wish to purchase will find it to them
interest to examine them. School Books will be sold at reduced
prices, and a liberal discount made to those who purchase by the
quantity.
Also, Blank Books and Stationery of every kind, of the best
quality in the market, and will be sold at the lowest prices.
R. FARNHAM.
SILVER'S POCKET-BOOK ALMANAC tbr
1841, containing also a diary, ruled pages for prospec-
tive memoranda, (one for each day in the year,) an almanac, va-
rious useful tables, &c. &c,. ombining, also, all the utility of a
pocket-book. Just received for sale by


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F.TAYLOR.
An additional supply of the valuable Boston American Almanac
or 1841 just received. jan 6
N NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the sub-
scriber has obtained from rthe Orphans' Court of Montgome-
ry county, letters testamentary on the personal estate of Thomas
Dawson of N. late of said county, deceased. All persons having
claims against the said deceased are requested to present them to
the subscriber, duly authenticated, within thie time limited hby law.
They may otherwise be excluded from all benefit of said estate.
Those indebted are requested to make ,,...... -t -t .--r.- .
june 19-w4w NICHOLAS L. F.i' iV.*N, I .-..tor.
Circuit Court of the District of Colhmbia for Waslh"
ington County, In equity.
David Munro, complainant, vs. G r,'. Templeman, John Miller,
and Sarah Miller, his wife; .'. .3 Cuoledge and John T.
Cooledge ; S. Wyllys Pomeroy and Catherine Pomeroy, his
wife; Benjamin S. Haight and Matilda B3. lHaight, his wife;
Uriah T. Howe and Sarah T. Howe, his wife ; Caleb Putnam
and Margaret Putnaun, his wife, defendants.
T H HE Bill of complaint in this case states that John Temple-
Sman, late deceased, was, in the year 180j2, seized in fee
simple of lot No. 4, in square No. 322, in Washington city and
District aforesaid, and sold the same in fee simple to the Wash-
ington Building Company, an unincorporated institution, in con-
sideration ofthe sum of $446 36, eand intending to convey the said
at of ground in perpetuity to Thomas H. Gillis, John Kearney,
and Andrew Way, jr., trustees, for the use and advantage of the
said company; the said Templemuan, in and by his indenture,
Which is exhibited with said bill, dated and made on or about the
2d day of May, in the year 1802, by mistake omitted the word
'hundred," in the designation of said square, and through igno-
rance misstated, conveyed, and limited the said lot ofground to the
aid Gillis, Kearney, & Way, and their successors and assigns,
opposing these words, in the given case, were equally operative
o pass the estate in fee simple, as the words heirs and assigns, in
he case of an individual purchasing, for his own use. The bill
fiurtlier charges that the ,I'l ; "ind I 'r--i by his deed aforesaid
lid covenant for himself and his heirs to execute any other act or
heed needful far more effectually conveying and assuring the said
at of ground and premises upon the trust aforesaid, that is, for the
use of the said Building Company and their assigns; that after-
wards the said company improved the said lot by building there-
on three two-story dwelling houses; that the complainant is now
he bona fide purchaser, fora valuable consideration, and owner of
he said lot and houses, holding the same by a regular chain of
leeds from the said Gillia, Kearney, & Way; and-that he is, and
mhose under whom hie claims have been, in the undisturbed posses.
ion -Iif,i .- .i i..i r -.t. i, i,- i ; 1 :ii to the sam e, in absolute
see E ml-li.e, ....r,.. [.: u i.-: ?,.11- ...-i. The billfurthei states
hat the- said John Templeman died intestate of the said lot of
ground, leaving the persons named as defendants in the preced-
ng caption his heirs at law; that all of the said defendants, ex-
cept the said George Templeman, reside and are out of the Dis-
rict of Columibia, in parts remote therefirom and unknown to the
complainant. The object ofthe said bill ofcomplaint is to correct
hie error in the description of the said lot of ground, and to per-
ect the title to the same by a decree against the said defendants,
requiring them by a ralid Oeed toeconvey the said lot of ground to
lie said complainant and his heirs and assigns; and, inasmuch as
he said defendants, except the said George Templeman, reside
out of the District-of Columbia, and out of the reach ofthe process
if this court, it is by the court, this first day of April, in the year
1841, ordered that the said absent defendants be and appear in
this court on or before the fourth Monday in November next, and
answer the several matters set forth in the said bill of complaint,
or the same will be taken for confessed, and such decree made in
he i r- -';. .' ,,z ti a. i,, m- he court shall seem right. Pro-
vride-.I ,.i.. irIn.r-m in..: I,: order, and the substance and
object of said bill, to be published in the National Intelligencer
once a week for six weeks, the first publication to appear at least
bfur months before the said fourth Monday in November next.
By order of the court:
WM. BRENT, Clerk.
MAsBURY, for complainant. july 2-w6w
N JEW BOOKS.-Stomies illustrative of the instincts ofani-
S male, their characters and habits, by Thomas Bingley, author
ofstories about Dogs, embellished with engravings from drawings
by T. Landseer; also the Every Day Gift, a collection of short
prayers, hymns, &e. for the use of young persons, by H. Wight-
man, A. M. are just published and for sale by W. M. MORRISON,
4 doors west of Brown's Hotel. june 18
CENTRAL UNITED STATES.-Jost published a
S Geographical, Historical, and Statistical Viewofthe Central
ir Middle United States, containing accounts oftheir early settle-
ment, natural f- turra, pr..ire-e ..f imr-i. nei rri f-L, ',f c..-. ,n-
nri ; -.;.]m i,-t *,' j ir,-l.rnn, 1 r i t tin r'.;i ,nn; I. ,
N u J- -r.:%- \ '*il .' inr ,, M a I, nl i, V irr n, I, liy t r .- f t_'.l .r .iu a,
and pa'ts obflNw YVirk enru t.- otmer adj-,.,nmrg tuats ; i.,ge
other with particular descriptions of the cities, towns, and villages,
public buildings, objects of curiosity, literary.' scientific, and
other institutional, &c. by H. S. Tanner, and for sale at Station,
era' Hall. fe 19


COLUMBIAN COLLEGE, DISTRICT OF CO-
LUMBIA.-The Lectures in the Medical Department of
this institution will commence on the first Monday in November,
annually, and continue until the 1st of March.
During this period, full courses will be delivered on the various
branches of Medicine by-
THOMAS SEWALL, M.D., Professor of Pathology and the
Practice of Medicine.
HARVEY LINDSLY, M. D., Professor of Obstetrics and the
Diseases of Women and Children.
THOMAS MILLER, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and Phy-
siology.
JOHN M. THOMAS, M. D., Professor of Materia Medica and
Therapeutics.
J. FREDERICK MAY, M.D., Professor of Surgery; late Pru-
fessor of Surgery in the University of Maryland.
FREDERICK HALL, M. D)., Professor of Chemistry and
Pharmacy.
SAMUEL C. SMOOT, M.D., Demonstrator of Anatomy.
The Medical College is situated at the corner of 10th and 9
streets, equidistant from the Capitol and the President's House.
In the arrangements of this building, and the organization of
the School, particular reference has been had to the study of Prac-
tical Anatomy-a branch which the student will enjoy peculiar
facilities for cultivating.
The Professor of Pathology and Practice will illustrate the most
important Pathological conditions of the System by means ofThi-
bert's Pathological Models.
The Professor of Surgery will show all the operations upon the
recent subject.
The Professor of Chemistry has a complete Chemical and Phi-
losophical Appaiatus.
The Professor of Obstetrics will illustrate his lectures by ob-
stetrical apparatus, and an ample collection of preparations and
drawings.
As there are many young men of talent and worth in different
parts of our country wihoe, from restricted circumstances, are un-
able to avail themselves of the benefit of public lectures, the Pro-
f,-ssors have resolved to admit, gratuitously, two such students
from each of the States and one from each of the Territories.' In
order, however, to guard against individuals whose education and
character do not qualify them to become usei'ul members of-the
profession, the selection is placed in the hands of the Senatorsand
Delegates of Congress, each of whom has the right to select one
student from his respective State or Territory, and whose certifi-
cate of selection will be a passport to all the lectures, by paying
only, on entering the school, the usual matriculating fee of five
dollars.
The entire expense for a course of lectures by all the Professors
is $70. Dissecting ticket $10; optional with the student.
The degrees arc conferred by the authority of the Columbian
College, incorporated by an act of Congress of the United States.
Good board can be procured at from three to forr dollars per
week. THOMAS MILLER, M. D.
may 4-wtNov2 Dean of the Faculty.
lO0 DOLLAR REWARD.-Ur. Storm's Spe-
10 clfic Compound, for the cure of Gonorrhmea, Gleets,
'tractures, Diabetes or difficulty in making water, and all other ur.-
natural discharges from the urethra of eithersex.-In no case h i
this medicine been known to fail to effect a permanent cure, and,
to,, in the shortest possible time. Should this medicine fail to ef-
fect a cure where it has been taken according tn directions, re-
turn the empty vial and get back the money. Why then spend
both time and money with such quack nostrums as cannotbhe de-
pended upon, when, for $1, you can purchase a pleasant, sure,
and speedy cure, composed solely of vegetable substance One
hundred dollars will be paid to any one who will produce a medi- '
cine to equal this compound, or who will prove that it contains any
mineral substance whatever.
For sale by H. WADE, 7th street, between D and E; CHAS.
STOTT, corner of 7th and the avenue; and by ROBERT PAT-
TERSON; in Georgetown by J. L. KIDWELL.
jan 8-3tawly
SMISSUE PAPER.-W. FISCHER has just received a
supply of white, pink, yellow, blue, and green Tissue Pa-
per, some of which is handsomely perforated, for the protection of
glass, gilt frames, and plated ware. Also, a. good assortment cf
Colored Paper generally is kept constantly for sale at Stationers'
Hall. june 28
GOLD AND SILVER PENCIL CASES.-W.
FISCHER has just received from the manufacturers,
Messrs. Addison, Wilmarth, & Co. a large supply of their supe-
rior Gold and Silver Ever-oainted Pencil Cases and Pen holders,
the former at prices from $4 to $15, and the latter from 50 cents
to S2 50, each embracing a variety of patterns, with rings for
ladies' use. The best assortment is constantly kept far sale, at
reasonable and uniform prices, at Stationers' Hall. feb 24
URNAP'S LECTURES ON THE SPHERE
AND DUTIES OF WOMAN,on the Education of
Wo.ean, the Moral Uses of Poetry, the Moral Constitution of Man,
Progress and Prospects of Society. 1 vol. Just published, and
tis day received. For sale by P. TAYLOR.
DRAMATIC WORKS O)F RICHARD BRINS-
DR LEY SHERIDAN-Eight in number, complete in
one volume, thin octavo, new edition ; London, 1840; edited by
Leigh Hunt, with a biography and critical notices. Price $1 50.
A few copiesjust imported from London by
july 16 F. TAYLOR.
a NNALS OP ANNAPOLIS, comprising sundry no-
.I tices of that old city, from the period of the first settlements
in its vicinity, in the year 1649, until the war of 1812; together
with various incidents in the history of Maryland, derived from
early records, public documents, and other sources ; with an ap-
pendix, containing a number of letters from General Washington
and other II. ,;.I ..1- t' parsons, which letters have never been
published i. r. ; .-. -r.,.t and edited by David Ridgely, Libra-
rian of the State Library. Just published and for sale at the
bookstore of R. FARNHAM,


CURRENCY AND FINANCE, COMMEIICE,
POLITICAL HIISTORY,POLITICAL ECON-
OMY, &c.-For sale by F. TAYLOR.
Took's History.of Prices up to 1839, 3 vols. London, 1840;
MeCulloch's Comicinuii;l D; ;'.nr.r Ogden's American Tariff
for 1841 and 1842; ..ri..ll I, '-,.ry of Nations, 2 vols. London,
I1 1(, M .1.. -. .'s Annals of Commerce, 4 vols. London; Von
H. ,, -.i i -1i.tpplies of Gold, with reference to the prob-
lems of political economy, pamphlet, London, 1839; The Phitos-
ophy of Joint Stock Eanking, by G M. Bell, London, 1840;
Porter's Progress of the Nation, (British,) in view of its prodoe-
tion, interchange, revenue, expenditure, &c.; Mushett on the
Currency, London; Catechism of Foreign Exchanges, and the
effects of an abasement of bullion, by John Taylor, London; Le-
.,....,;.., and Documentary History of the Bank of the United
"ii. ,- ,mnd of the original Bank of North America, I vol. giving
the entire proceedings, debates, and resolutions of Congress upon
the various bills mnd projects for a National Bank since the form-
ation of the Government; Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations,
edited by McCulloch; Montesquieu's Spirit of Laws, in English,
2 vols. scarce ; and many others.
** The above are only a few mentioned out of F. TAYLOR'S
collection of works on the various branches of Political Science,
which will be found, on examination, to be much more full and
complete than can be found elsewhere in the United States. A
furtihe supply is looked for from London by an early pasket.
Books, Stationery, and Periodicals imported regularly from
Landon and Paris. june 14
%JEW ENGLISH BOOKS.-Just received, for sale by
N F. TAYLOR-
Napier's History of the Peninsular War, complete in 3 volumes,
Brussels edition, (in English.)
New Annual Army List, for 1841, with an index, by Lieutenant
lart, 49th regiment.
Manners and Customs of the Ancient Egyptians, 2 volumes, and
a volume of plates, by Sir J. G. Wilkinson, second series.
Tise Spectator, new and beautiful edition, London, 1841, with
plendidly engraved portraits of the authors and biographical no-
ices of them, complete in one volume octave.
Also, Downing's Landscape Gardening and Rural Architecture,
Lindley's Horticulture, Chancellor Kent's Course of Reading,
rice 37 cents. june 25


F7IVE DOLLARS REWARD.-Strayed or stolen from
I theb commons, on Friday, 2d July, a large bay Horse, about
fifteen and a half or sixteen hands high, seven years old this last
spring, the left hind foot white to the ankle, with a small black
spot on the edge of the white, about an inch in diameter; he has
a scar on his face about three inches long, long switch tail, and
short fetlocks; lie also had a leather halter on when he left.
The above reward will be given to any person who will bring the
horse home, or give me information so that 1 can get him.
ROBERT CLARKE,
july 8-eolw Navy Yard, Washington.
AGENCY at WASHING3TON.-JAMES H. CAUF-
TEN,(late of Baltimore,) having madethis city his perma-
nent residence, will undertake, with hisaccustoumed zealand dil-
igence, the settlement of claims generally; aid more particularly
claims before Congress, against the United States, or the several
Departments thereof, and before any Board of Commissioners that
may be raised for the adjustment of spoliation or other claims.
He has now in charge the entire class arising out of French spo-
liations prior to the year 1800; with reference to which, in addition
to a mass of documents and proofs in his possession, he has ac-
cessto those in the arehivesof the Government.
Claimants and pensioners on the Navy fund, &c, bountylands,
return duties, &c. c. and those requiring life insurance, can
have their business promptly attended to by letter, (post paid,)
and thusrelieve themselves from an expensive and inconvenient
personal attendance.
Havingobtained a commission of Notary Public, he is prepared
tofurnish legalized copies of any required public documents or
other papers. He has been so long engaged in the duties of an
agent, that it can only be necessary now to say that economy and
prompt attention shall be extended to all business confided to his
care; and that, to enable him to render his services and facilities
more efficacious, he has become familiar with all the formsof
Office.
Qffceon Fstreet, near thenew Treasury Building.
feb 26-"
COMMENTARIES ON THE CONFLICT OF
LAWS, Foreign and Domestic, in regard to Contracts,
Rights, and Remedies, and especially in regard to Marriages, Di-
vorces, Wills, Successions, and Judgments, by Joseph Story,
LL. D. Dane Professor of Law in Harvard University-second
edition, revised, corrected, and greatly enlarged. Also, Com-
mentaries on the Law of Bailinents, with illustrations from the
Civil and the Foreign Law, by Joseph Story, LL. D.-second
edition, revised, corrected, and enlarged. For sale by
W. M. MORRISON,
july 12 Four doors west of Brown's Hotel.
PATENT OFFICz, JULY 6, 1841
N the petition of Harvey W. Canipbell,.9f Lockport, in the
county of Lockport, and State of New York, dated the
25th day of June, 1841, praying for an extension of his patent fir
a new and useful improvement in the floating extavatofr, for seven
years from the expiration of said patent, which takes place en the
22d day ofJanuary, 1-4. .
It is ordered, Tt,., i ti, said petition be heard at the Patent
Office, on the first Monday in October next, at 12 o'clock M., and
all persons are notified to appear and show cause, if any they
have, why the said petition ought not to be granted : '
Ordered, also,'That this notice be published in the National
Intelligence and Madisonian, printed at Washington City, the
Boston Courier, printed at Boston, and the Commercial Adverti-
ser, printed at New York City, once a week, three weeks, previ-
ous to the first Monday in October next. -
H; L. ELLSWORTH,
Commissioner'of'Patents.
fl"The papers named above *ill publish the samoe, and send
their ac.counits to the Patent Office. ... .
july 8-w3w .


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