Daily national intelligencer

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Title:
Daily national intelligencer
Physical Description:
Newspaper
Publisher:
Gales & Seaton ( Washington City D.C. )
Publication Date:

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newspaper   ( sobekcm )

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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 2260099
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UF00073214:00028

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VOL. XXVIII.


WASHINGTON: TUESDAY, MAY 19, 1840.


No. 8505


PU-BLISHED BY
GALES & EATON.
TERMS.
Daily Paper-for a yeaer $10
Sea than a year $1 a month.
Tri-weely Paper for a year $6
for sti months 4

FOR SI AIE.-The Steamboat
CHESAPEAKE will be offered for
ssl at public auction, on Saturday,
i -- 23d of May next ensuing, at I o'clock
P. M. as she now lays at Bradley's Wharf, Washington City ;
burden 234 36-95ths tons, 138 feet long, 24 feet beam, 71 feet
hold, and built in 1835 of the very best materials, coppered and
copper-fastened, with heavy copper boiler, low pressure engine,
36-inch cylinder, 71 feet stroke ; and an excellent sea boat. She
is fitted up with 66 berths, and furnished in the very best manner,
and well found in, every respect. This boat, having undergone
thorough repair within a few months, is now in perfect order,
and can be run a long time without any expense. She has been
newly coppered, and the amount of her bill of repairs, &c. is
over $10,000. She is the most economical boat now to be found.
Terms will be made known at time and place of sale. For
further information respecting the boat, application may be made
to either of the undersigned. L. W. STOCKTON,
.D.BARNUM,
Baltimore ; or to
FURMAN BLACK,
ap 24-2awlm Washington City.
n The Baltimore Patriot, Norfolk Beacon, Richmond Whig,
Charleston Patriot, and Mobile Daily Advertiser, will insert twice
a week for one month, and send their bills to the agent, Thomas
Cookendorfer, Washington City.
ALLIGATOR LINE FOR MOBILE, ALABAMA.




T HE TRAVELLING PUBLIC are now informed that the
Alligator Line is in successful operation through the en-
tire route to Mobile, via the Georgia Railroad cars to Greensboro',
thence by stages to Macon, Parry, Pindartowi, and Bainbridge,
thence by steamers Leroy and Charleston to lola, via Chattahoo-
chie, thence by railroad to St. Joseph's, thence per steamers Cham-
pion and Kingston, via Pensacola, to Mobile. Passengers by the Al-
ligator Line leave Augusta every Tuesday, Thursday, and Sa ur-
day, at C o'clock P.M. and are assured to arrive in Mobile in
our days.
The staging upon the Alligator Line being reduced to 210
miles, much less than by any other route, and over the best natu.
al roads in the Southern country, every comfort and accommoda-
tion are guarantied to passengers upon the line, and they are at
the same time assured that they shall be exempt from all the
impositions daily practised upon them upon the upper route, via
Columbus and Montgomery, and that our object shall be to ex-
pedite, accommodate, and please our patrons.
This line connects at Bainbridge for Tallahassee, Florida, via
Quincy, and leaves immediately on the arrival at Bainbridge.
3yTwo coaches will at all times be run in company when the
travelt'requires it.
For seats in the above line apply at the office at the United
States Hotel, Augusta, Georgia, to
may 7 GEO,. M. DENT, Agent.
FOR NORFOLK AND DOWN THE RIVER.


THE steamer CHESAPEAKE will leave Washington for
Norfolk on Thursday, the 30th instant, at 9 o'clock in the
morning. Returning, she will leave Norfolk on Saturday even-
ing, at 3 o'clock, for Washington. Passage and fare 88. She
will take off and land passengers going and returning at the diffe-
rent landings on the Potomac.
The Chesapeake, on her return from Norfolk, will make a triple
down the Potomac to Cone river, Northumberland county, Vir-
ginia. She will leave Washington every Monday morning at 6
o'clock, until further notice. Returning, she will leave Cone
river on Tuesday mornings for Washington. She will take off
and land passengers and freight at the different landings on the
Potomac, going and returning. Passage and fare as customary.
JAS. MITCHELL, Master.
For any further information apply to the Agent.
ap 28-dtt THOSE. COOKENDORFER.
AN ACCOMMODATION LINE FOR MOUNT
VERNON.


NAND AFTER MONDAY, the 27th instant, a splen-
did four-horse post coach will leave Alexandria daily, Suin
days excepted, at 10 o'clock A. M. for Mount Vernon, returning
same evening by 4 o'clock.
For seats apply at the General Stage Office, opposite Gadaby's
Hotel, Washin.rson, and Wise's City Hotel, Alexandria.
13 Fare one Jollar.
The coach will be in readiness at the steamboat wharf, Alex-
dria, at 10 o'clock, to receive passengers from Washington city
by the 9 o'clock steamboat.
A. FLEMING & CO. Proprietors.
P. S. Extra coaches, hacks, buggies, &c. furnished atthe short-
est notice, and on accommodating terms, to go to all sections of the
country.
ap 25-dtf A. P. & CO. Alexandria.
STEAMBOAT LINE FOR PHILADELPHIA,
Via the Newcastle and Frenchtown Railroad,



L EAVES Bowly's Wharf, Baltimore, every morning (ex-
cept Sunday) at half-past 6 o'clock, arriving at Philadelphia
about 2 o'clock P. M. three hours before the departure of the
cars for New York.
The boats and cars of this Line are in complete order, and the
accommodation of passengers in their usual approved" style.
All baggage at its owner'srisk. Passage through $4. Mealeas
usual. T. SHEPPARD, Agent,
ap 17-dtf Baltimore.
WASHIIINGTON AND ALEXANDRIA BOAT.
The steamboat JOSEPH JOHN-
SON is now in complete order, hav-
ing been thoroughly repaired in hull,
machinery, and boilers, and will com-
mence running on Monday next, adhering to the following hours
of departure, viz.
Leave Washington, I Leave Alexandria,
Att 10 and 12 A.M. At 9and 11 A.M.
At 4and 6P.M. At 3 and 5P.M.
Until further notice.
She will also nake a daily morning trip between Alexandria and
Georgetown; leaving Alexandria at 7, and Georgetown at 8 o'clock.
mar 30-dtf IGNATIUS ALLEN, Captain.
iNOTICE.-On and after Monday
the 23d instant, the steamboat Peia-
SIx will run as follows between Wash-
ington and Alexandria until further
notice, via.
Leave Washington at 9 and II A. M. and 3 and 6 P. M.
Leave Alexandria at 8 and 10 A. M. ant 2 and 4 P. M.
mar 21-dtf JOHN WILSON, Master.
S NOTICE.-The steamboat Pm sNix
pll' will commence running one trip a
i day between Alexandria and George-
town, commencing with Monday, the
23d instant, and leave Alexandria at 11J, and Georgetown at 121
o'clock, until further notice. JOHN WILSON,
mar 21-dtf Master.
FOR THE SOUTH,



A FIRST-RATE STEAMBOAT will leave the lower
end ofSpear's wharf, Baltimore, every M{onday, Wedtes-
day, and Friday mornings, at 10 o'clock, for Norfolk and
Charleston. This line connects with the Portsmouth Railroad
and the James river boats for Petersburg and Richmond. This
is the most comfortable route going South.
N. B. Of the safety of the Bay line of steamboats it will be saf-
ficient to satisfy the Public to state the remarkable fact, that, in
twenty-four yeats' running, neither life nor limb has been lost,
J. W. BROWN,
feb l0-dtf Agent.
RACTS AND OTHER PAPERS relating princi-
pally to the Origin, Settlement, and Progress of the Colo-
nies in North America, from the Discovery of the Country to the
year 1776, collected by Peter Force, in 2 volumes, is for sale at
the Book and Stationery Store of W. M. MORRISON, four doors
west of Brown's Hotel. mar 18
[j AY BALL FANS.-W. FISCHER has just received
n i.a choice selection of beautiful India feather' and paper
fans, suitable for balls and parties, at prices from 61 cents to $7
each. Ladies are invited to examine the assortment at Stationers'
Hal before purchasing elsewhere, ap 30
N tEW 1O11 EI.1-J .,,1 p1tltsld aeandrl'r a .:o.ru'
nr, l.y W' M MOilRI>)N, l.t hrs 'I ..2t I i.,wn'; Ha.
tel, Oooper's new novel the Path-Finder, or the Inlatd Seoa.
Also, Poor Jack, by Captain Marryat, part let.
GENUINE HARDHAM'S No. 9 SNUFF.-The
subscriber has on hand, imported to order, genuine Hard-
ham's No. 9 Snuff, in half and quarter pound canisters.
Also, Delpit's Pile and Natchitoches Snuff.
At his old snuff, tobacco, and fancy store, 4 doors east ofthe city
post office.
apL27LLEWIS JOHNSON.
L OST.-A certificate of deposits from the United States Bank
-4 ofPennsyivania fIP ht,Boo, No. 1,312, dated Pebruiary It,
184 made payable to the 6rder of Stetiiriius and January, and by
them endorsed to the order of Middleton and Beall. Said certi-
ficate went by the mail from this city 2d March last, and was en-
closed to Middleton & Beall, Washington city. Payinent of the
aiame has been stopped. HENRY CULVER,
-ay--w S5. Louis, Missouri.


f FOR RENT, the house on Capitol Hill occupied at
present by the Vice President. Possession will be given
.lUZ iuu the 18th of Jane.
1pply to HENRY DAINGERFIELD,
may 14-3w Alexandria.
Aa TO LET.-That well-built and convenient House in
If Franklin Row. Inquire of
Ri. ANTHONY PRESTON,
may I-Staw4w Twelfth street.
jm TO LET, and possession can be given immediately
of the new three-story brick House situated on Pennsyl-
S vania Avenue, between 9th and 10th streets, opposite
Mr. Lindsley's hardware store.
The key can be got at the dry-goods store, in the lower part of
the house. For particular information apply to
C.ALEXANDER,
may 7-eotf Upholsterer, Penn. Avenue.
AM FOR SALE OR RENT.-A comfortable two
story brick dwelling, containing seven rooms, eligible
S situated on Etst Capitol street, within a short distance of
the Capitol, and adjoining the residence of Mr. J. H. Hausten.
For terms apply to the subscriber, corner of New Jersey avenue
and E street south, and opposite the south gate of the Capitol.
may 8-eo2w MICHAEL DOOLEY.
F ABItRIERY, THE HORSE, FIELD SPORTS,
AGRICULTURE, GARDENING,&c.-PF. TAY-
LOR, Bookseller, immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel, has for
sale all the best works on the above subjects in all their branches,
many of them entirely new, just imported from England.
F. TAYLOt'S collection of works of this class of science is su-
perior to most that are to be found in the United States, and for
sale at the lowest prices in every case. may S
L IIE OF W. H. HARRISON.-Just published the
LAi e and Times of William Henry Harrison, by S.J. Burr,.
in 1 vol. 16mo. 300 pages. Price only 31J cents each. For sale
at GARRET ANDERSON'S,
may 8 Penn. avenue, between llth and 12th streets
OSTON ACADEMY'S COLLECTION OF
CHURCH MUSIC, consisting of the most popular
Psalm and Hymn Tunes, Anthems, Sentences, Chants, &c. old
and new, together with many beautiful Pieces, Tunes, and An-
thems, selected from the Masses and other works of Haydn, Mo-
zart, Beethoven, Pergolesi, Righini, Cherubini, Romberg, Winter,
Weber, Nageli, Kuber, and other distinguished composers, ar-
ranged and adapted to English words expressly for this work ;
including, also, original compositions by German, English, and
American authors. Just received and for sale by
R. FARNHAM,
feb 19 Penn. Av. between 9th and 10th streets.
MEMOIRS AND LETTERS OF MADAME
S MALIBRAN, by the Countess de Merlin, with Notices
of the Progress of the Musical Drama in England, in 2 vols.
Just published and for sale at W. M. MORRISON'S,
ap 22 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
rfHE TATTLER AND GUARDIAN-Cheap.-
-U Both contained in one octavo volume of seven hundred
pages, well printed and handsomely bound, with notes and an
index to each. Price for the whole 31 75.
may 6 F. TAYLOR.
MARTINIQUE MACOUBA SNUFF.-This day
received, one case Martinique Macouba Snuff, at the old
Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store, 4 doors east of the City Post
Office, Penn. Avenue.
may 6 LEWIS JOHNSON.
AINTS, &ec.-Saugerties, Brooklyn, and Philadelphia
White Lead, English Linseed Oil, with a general assort-
ment of painters' colors, for sale at
mar 27 TODD'S Drug store.
UMMER CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, and Stripes,
for Buy's wear.-We have just received a complete as-
sortment of Goods for Boy's wear.
ap 8 (Globe) BRADLEY & CATLETT.
ARDS I CARDS I-The subscriber has in store a large
stock of Crehore & Bartlett's best Eagle Cards, which he
will sell by the gross or dozen at factory prices, at the old Snuff,
Tobacco,and Fancy Store, 4 doors eastof the City Post Office.
dec21 L. JOHNSON.
rNHE WORKS OF CHARLES LAMB-to which
S are prefixed his Letters and a Sketch of his Life, by Thom-
as Noon Talfourd, one of his executors, in 2 vols., is for sale by
W. M. MORRISON,
mar 18 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
EDFORD WATER.-Fresh Bedford Water, direct
I1 from the Springs, just received in barrels and half-barrels Ft
may 6 TODD'S Drug Store.
Vl3HE YOUNG LADY'S COMPANION,inaserie
S of Letters, by Margaret Coxe, author of Botany of the
Scriptures, Wonders of the Deep, &c. Just published, and for
sale at W. M. MORRISON'S Bookstore, 4 doors west of Brown'
IHotel. mat 23
IOGRAPHY OF REVOLUTIONARY HE-
ROES, containing the Life of Brigadier General William
Barton, and also of Capt. Stephen Olney, by Mrs. Williams, au-
thor of Relig on at Home, Aristocracy, Tales, National and Revo-
lutionary, &ac. &c. is for sale by W. M. MORRISON, four doors
west of Brown's Hotel. may 8
JAUNDICE is easily and speedily cured by a courseof Dr.
Phelps's Tomato Pills. No cure no pay. Price 37h cents.
dee 5-6m
N EW MUSIC.- 500 pieces of Music just received atthe
NIold established Store, two doors east of the City Post Office,
amongst which are as follows :
Soaos: The Maniac, by Russell; The Harrison song, written
by Thus. Power, Esq.; I own the tear that steals; Merrily o'er
the mountain wave; As 1 was going to Market; The Knight hath
left the Castle gate; Oh! coast that shadow from thy brow; The
Cypress wreath; The Fairy Boy, arranged for the guitar; Lau-
riett; The Minstrel Serenade; Hark to my lute; When first 1
o'er the m mntain trod; The Moon is up; The Penitent Loco;
Gen. Harrison's Quickstep; The Hero's Quickstep; Westward
Ho Waltz; lst and 2d set of Fashionable Quadrills; Isle ofShep-
py Waltzes; National Whiig song.
april W. FISCHER.
]rAVY REGISTER of thle United States fr the
ll year 1 840.-Register of the Commissioned and War-
rant Officers of the Navy of the United States, including Officers
of the Marine Corps.
Also, the Army Register, and Regulations for the Uniform and
Dress of the Army of the United States.
Just published and for sale at the Bookstore of R. FARNHAM,
between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue, mar 18
ARTINIQOUE SNUFF & REGALIA SUGARS.
S Just received, at the Old Snuff, Tobadco, and Fancy Store,
4 doors east of the City Post Office, a few dozen pound bottles
genuine Martinique Snuff, at l 25 per bottle, and a small invoice
ofsuiterior brown and yellow Regalia Segars, for sale low for cash,
may 11
( OLT'S PATENT FIRE-ARMS.-The subscriber
C has received one pair of Colt's Patent Revolving Pistole, sil-
ver mounted, in a case, with equipment complete. Also, one of
his Patent Shot Guns, a superior article, containing six chambers,
and in all respects well adapted for field sports. At the old snuff,
tobacco, and fancy store, 4 doors east of the City Post Office,
Pennsylvania Avenue. LEWIS JOHNSON.
CCU LLOCH'S COMMERCIAL DICTIONA-
IT RY, the latest and best London edition, just received for
sale by F. TAYLOR. Also, MacPherson's Annals of Commerce,
4 vols. quarto, London; Seybert's Statistical Annals of the United
States, I thick quarto vol. price $4, published at $12; Pitkin's
Statistics of Commerce, Banks, Manufactures, Internal Trade and
Improvements, Revenue, and Expenditures, &c. of the United
States, 1 octavo vol. last edition, price $2 25, (published at $4.)
may 11
1WASTER HUMPHREi 'S CLOCK, by lgoz.--The
l-B. first number is this day received for sale by F. TAYLOR,
containing eight engravings, price 12 cents, may I
IANO FORTES.-W. FISCHER has rectally receiv-
ed two mahogany and one Rosewood Piano Fortes, from the
unrivalled manufactory of Chickering & Mackays, Boston. In
regard to the superiority of these instruments, it is sufficient to
say that they have met with universal approbation, not only in this
country, but have likewise been token to England by several die-
tinguished musicians, all of whom in this country give them a
decided preference. Persons desirous of obtaining a superior
Piano, warranted as suitch, are invited to examine theim at Station-
ers' Hall. ap 27
INDOW, COACH, AND PICTURE GLASS,-
A good assortment of the various sises, including very
large sizes for pictures, just received at
may 6 TODD'S Drug Store.
URKITT'S NOTES ON THE NEOW TESTA-
MENT of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, wherein
the sacred text is at large recited ; the whole designed to encour-
age the reading of the Scriptures in private families, vnd render
the dailyperqusrl of them i.r..fi' i.ii -nd delightful, ., Wi\vi,,.u
Burkitt, M. A. lata vicar :a.il l, ,,r. r ol Dedliam, in Essex, in
2 '...I.,,-, is'for ale by W. M. MORRISON,
'p 't2 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
ICK'S COMPLETE WORKS, Cheap, comprised
in 7 vols. of about 400 pages each, well printed and neat-
ly bound in cloth, ani ,,,t....i.b,- his Christian Philosopher, Phi-
losophy ofReligion, PIl *.!oilt .t.i" Future State, Cvlessial Scene-
ry qf the Heavens, on the lnprovetqent of Society, his Essay on
Covetousness, .nd his Essay on the Mental illumination and Mo-
ral Lmprovenientof Maqkind. Fripe for thtp whole Cet $3 27.
may 4 P. TAYLOR.


J EW MUSIC.-Just received the following new music, at
i the old established store two doors eastuof the PoetOffice. -
W. PISCHER.
SoNGS: The Hour of Prayer, The Missionary Hymn, the For-
ester's Bride, The Merry Mountain Home, The Queen of Roses,
The Wreath of Chivalry, My love's been c..i.].l',ir;it;. Where
Hudson's Wave o'-r ,1 *ry hands, Hope i-r.l. ,l,. Brow of
Youth, Thopt hast I,-.,i '.. ,. love another, Oh we must part to-
night. L'Automne Waltz, Black Rock Wallt, Elohbsa Waltzi, Bo-
hemianWaltz fur the guitar The Tournament Quadrille, Graun's
Art of Modulation through the various Keys. mar2
C" OOPER'S NEW NOVEL.-The Path-finder, in 2
Volumes, by the author of The Pioneers, The Spy, &c.
just published and expected this morning, will be for sale by F.
TAYLOR, or forcireulation among the sObscribers to the Waver-
ley Circulating Library, mar 16


B OARDING.-Mrs. AULD, on the south side of Penn-
Ssylvania avenue, near 4j street, has several pleasant rooms
vacant, may 13-ec3t
P110O CLAIMANTS UNDER THE LATE CON-
VENTION WITH MEXICO.-The undersign-
ed offers his professional services to advocate the cases of claim-
ants under the late Convention with Mexico which are to be
brought before the Board of Commissioners, directed by the Con-
vention to meet in Washington in three months from the 15th of
the present month, for the purpose ofadjudicating upon the claims
which American citizens may have against the Government of
Mexico. Whilst he had the honor of being a member of Con-
gress and chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the
House of Representatives, the attention of the undersigned was
necessarily drawn to the nature and circumstances of these
claims, of which many of the claimants with whom he corres-
ponded are aware. Since rethling from Congress, he has be-
comte ass. coated, in the legal profession, with William G. Read,
Esq., whose time will be devoted, with his own, to the superin-
tendence of such claims as may be confidedto them. Their resi-
dence in Baltimore, within two hours' ride of Washington, will
enable them to exercise a constant vigilance over their cases.
For terms, &P., apply either to Mr. Read or to
BENJAMIN C. HOWARD,
ap 21-di m [Globej Baltimore.
W ANTED, a situation as teacher of languages and mathel
matics, in a public institution or a private family, by a
young moan who has occupied the station of tutor in one of the
most respectable colleges of the country. Unexceptionable testi-
monials of character and qualifications can be given. Address,
postage paid, G. W. S., Jeffersonville, Montgomery county, Penn-
sylvania. may 9-eo6t
OOL I WOOL I WOOL I-The subscriber returns
W his grateful acknowledgments to his friends and the
Public generally for the liberal encouragement he has hith-
erto met with in his line of business, and informs them that
he is now prepared to receive Wool to manufacture into any
kind of Woollen Goods at his factory near Colesville, Montgom-
ery county, Md. He also informs them that he will attend
at the store of H. C. & P. E. Scott, in Upper Marlboro', on
Wednesday, the 10th June, and at Queen Anne on Wednesday,
June 17th, for the purpose of receiving Wool to manufacture.
Wool will also be received at all times by Mr. Wells Chase, No.
5 south Eutaw street, Baltimore ; by Messrs. Middleton & Beall,
Washington City; and Mr. Zadock W. McKnew, Blidensburg.
The utmost exertions will be made by the subscriber to be punc-
tual in his engagements, and he trusts that he will be able to fill
all orders in time for winter clothing. Finding, from experience,
that it will be impossible for him to carry on his business satisfac-
torily to himself or his customers, unless he adopts some regular
system from which he will not on any account deviate, he there-
fore informs his customers that, in future, on all bills for manufac-
turing a discount of 3 per cent. will be made when the cash is
paid on delivery of the Cloth, and on all bills not paid on delivery
of the goods, notes at 30 days, bearing interest from date, will be
required. He always keeps on hand, for sale or exchange for
Wool, a general assortment of Woollen Goods.
All letters addressed to the subscriber, at Culesville, Montgom-
ery county, Md. will be attended to immediately.
THOSE. FAWCETT.
RsERaENcEs.
Prince George's county.-Chas. Hill, H. C. & P. E. Scott,
Win. D. Bowie, and Baruch Mullikin.
Anne Arundel county.-Thos. J. Dorsett, Win. O'Hara, John
S. Selman.
Baltimore.-Wells Chase, Thos. M. Locke,Gen. G. H. Stew-
art. may 4-eotJune 17
OALTi'lwltml4 LIVFE INSURANCE COMI'ANm ,
JOHN J. DONALDSON, PRESIDaM T,
BNSURES LIVES for one or more years, orfor life.
Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
Age. One year. Seven years. For life
25 1.00 1.12 2.04
30 1.31 1.36 2.36
85 1.36 1.53 2.75
40 1.69 1.83 3.20
45 1.91 '.96 3.73
S50 1.96 2.09 4.60
55 2.32 3.21 5.78
60 4.35 4.91 7.00
GRANTS ANNUITIES.
Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
60 years of age, 10.65 per cent. )
65 do. 12.27 do. per annum.
70 do. 14.19 do.
SELLS ENDOWMENTS.
For One Hundred Dollars deposited at birth of child,the Com-
pany will pay, if he attain 21 years ofage, $469
At six months, 408
One year, 375
The Company also executes trusts; receives money on deposit,
paying interest semi-annually, or compounding it, and makes
all kinds of contracts Ma which life or thIe interest of money is in.
evolved. WILLIAM -MURDOCK, Secretary.


AGENTS.
James H. Causten, City of Washington.
Dr. B. R. Wellford, Fredericksburg, Virginia.
John 0. Lay, Richmond, Va.
D. Robertson, Norfolk, Va.
A. S. ridball, Winchester, Va.
George Richards, Leesburg, Va.
Neilson Foe, Frederick, MiM mar


rl -ly


W AVERLEY NOVELS-Redgauntlet.-A further
supply of the cheap edition of the Waverley Novels this
day received and for sale by W. M. MORRISON,
may 1 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
r'.HE HOUSE BOOK, or a Manual of Domestic
H Economy, by Miss Leslie, author of a Complete System of
Cookery. Seventy-five receipts, &c. containing directions for
Laundry work, removing stairs, lights, and fires, cleaning furni-
ture, kitchen affairs, waiting on company, carving, house cleaning,
making up linen, dress-making, &de., this day published, and for
sale by WV. M. MORRISON,
ap 6 4 doors west of Brown's IHotel.
OCKET DICTIONARY OF QUOTATIONS,
from the French, Latin, and Spanish, giving the original as
we 'l as the translation, and also the pronunciation of words,
phrases, and sentences, which are frequently quoted, and used by
authors, editors, and in po'.ite conversation ; for the pocket. Price
12 cents. Just received forsale by F. TAYLOR.
EW 1MU1 .C.-Ju-t received, the following pieces ofmu-
iZ sic, at ihe old established store, two doors east of the City
Post Office. W. FISCHER.
Log Cabin Quick Step, North Bend Quick Step, General Har-
rison' s Tippecanoe Grand March, I've gazed on eyes as bright as
thine, Marche Autrichienne, with variations, If tlhinu hast crushed
a flower, With your little Wife, Amarinth Waltz, Mosaique Musi-
cale, a rondo, may 1I
F.LO RIDA WATER.-Just received bythe subscribers
3. supply of genuine Florida Water, manufactured by J. M.
Laroque. Also, best German Cologne, together with a general
assortment of Perfumery. At the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy
Store, 4 doors east of the City Post Office.
mar 23 LEWIS JOHNSON.
PICTURE OF WASHINGTON.-This day publish.
ed, and for sale by W. M. MORRISON, four doors west of
Brown's Hotel, Watterston's Picture ofWashington, containing a
minute description of the City, its History, Public Buildings, Mu-
nicipal Institutions, Abstract of the Laws of tihe Corporation, Pub-
lic Schools, Banks, Societies, Incorporated Companies, Burial
Grounds, Curiosities, &c. with a Mapofthe City, Diagrams of the
Senate Chamber, House of Representatives, and Committee
Rooms, &c. Congressional Directory.
This work is notonly very useful t l. tr: .-r.,r.,', b'0a the citi-
zen, being calculated to make him a..-I I ,ii,', s ,.I to direct
his attention to every object of interest in the Metropolis.
VC'HE CULTURE OF THE BEET and Manufac-
l_ ture of Beet Sugar, by David Lee Child. Just published
and for sale by W. M. MORRISON,
mar 13 4 doors westof Brown!s Hotel.
W OORE'S IRISH MELODiIES, Set to MUSIC,
I- many of them arranged for two, three, and four voices,
with a piano accompaniment, complete in eleven numbers, Lon-
don edition. A single copy only for sale by
may 15 F. TAYLOR,
A RE YOUI A CHRISTIAN I or, Aid tI Self-cxa``a.
tion, fior members of the church of Chttr,i and those who
expect to become members, by lHubbard Winslow, pastor of Bow-
doin-street Chuiqrch, tmill editionI is for. alp hy
W, M. MORRISON,
may 16 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
Tj RS. GARI)DER'S BALSAM OF LIVER-
I.L WORT.-Just received, a fresh supply ofthis celebrated
remedy forcoighs, colds, &c. at
ap 29-121 TODD'S Drsg store.
fNHE YOUTH OlF 11IA Khi PIA R U, t.Lt.l.) -*utl,., ,)f
U Shakspeare and his Fliends, in 3 volumes, this day pub-
lished and for sale by W. M. MORRISON, four door west of
Brown's Hotel. maay 13
SSAYS,LETTEIS HIP M A--I OA D,TRAl.m-
S lationt, and rr memi-., by Percy Bysshe Shelley, ed'ed
by Mrs. Shelley, in -..1i. l..u day received and for sale by W
M. MORRISON, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel, Penn. avenue'
UMB BYELLS.-The subscriber has this dlay received
an additional supply of Diumb Bells, of various weights, from
8 pounds to 30 per pair, at the Old ",,1,i Tobaccot and Fancy
Store, 4 doors east of the City Post 'thm,r.
ap 11 LEWIS JOHNSON.
C HITTY'S PRECEDENTS.-Precedents in Plead-
ing; with copious Notes on Practice, Pleading, and Evi,
dence, by Jos. Chitty, jun. in 2 vols.
"These volumes will be eminently valuable and useful. *
The forms of declarations will he found, if we are not mistaken, a
very great improvement upon the ancient forms, and a 'Very ac-
ceptable addition to our present stock. The notes are co.
pioum and valuable."-From Am. Jurist for January, 1840.
From E. D. Ingraham,Esq. of Philadelphia.-"l havecare-
fully examined the Precedents in Pleading, with copious Notes
on Practice, Pleading, and Evidence, by Jos. Chitty, jun. Esq."
and am satisfied that it is a very valuable compilation, and that
the work on Pleading, by the elder Chitty, is incomplete without
it. I presume that every practitioner, made acquainted with its
character, would add the work to his library. The work consists
of special precedents, which may be used by any lawyer in any
of the States, with great advantage on important occasions."
For sale by F; TAYLOR, mar 2


DR. TAYLOR'S BALSAM OF LIVERWORT,
for consumption and liver complaint, coughs, colds, asthma,
difficulty of breathing, pains in the side or breast, spitting of blood,
catarrhs, palpitation of the heart, oppression and soreness of the
chest, whooping cough, pleurisy, hectic fever, night sweats, diffi-
cult or profuse expectoration, and all other affections of the chest,
lungs, and liver.
This Medicine is for sale by the proprietor, at 375 Bowery, be-
tween Fourth and Fifth streets, New York ; R. H. Coleman, 133
Market street, Baltimore; and by Lewis Johnson, at h's Snuff,
Tobacco, and Fancy Store, four doors east of the Washington City
Post Office; also numerous agents throughout the United States.
As an example of the multitude of certificates we have receiv-
ed in approbation of this Medicine, the following are submitted:
Dear Sir: I feel unequivocal pleasure in the opportunity now
offered me of expressing my approbatory opinion of your Balsam
of Liverwort, and the success I have ever obtained from its admin-
istration. 1 have used your medicines in upwards of sixty cases,
comprising all stages of disease, from incipient cold and cough to
advanced phthisis, and have invariably found immediate relief. I1
recommends it cheerfully in all cases where the chest and lungs
are affected, particularly in consumption, with scrofulous diathesis.
For chronic cough, pain in the chest, spitting of blood, &c. I have
no hesitation in pronouncing your vegetable medicine unrivalled.
With respect, your obedient servant,
GEO. CAMPBELL, M.D.
And Member of the College of Surgeons, Edinburgh.
New York, January 2, 1839.

WONDERFUL CURE OF CONSUMPTION!-Although Dr.
Taylor's Balsam of Liverwort has found hundreds of advocates, and
has ;.r.:d,.-'v -.. large a number of testimonials in its favor, I can-
not ,mti.hl... i. m,.,I ill meedofpraise. Being predisposed to con-
sumption, both from peculiar formation and hereditary transmis-
sion, I tried every means to check this disease, and strengthen na-
turally a weak constitution. I spent two years at Pisa, one in
Rome, two in Florence, and another in the south of France, seek-
ing, meantime, the advice of the best physicians. Two years since
I returned to this country in about the same situation as whienl left it.
I had seen In the reading-rooms of Europe much said in favor of
Dr. Taylor's Balsam of Liverwort, and, as soon as I arrived in this
city, I used it, and in three months I was so well I concluded I
could safely pass the winter here, and did so. I have used an oc-
casional bottle now and then during the time, but ant now in as
good health as is possible. My cough has wholly ceased, and my
lungs have every feeling of health. JAMES HILL,
Western Hotel, Courtlandt street, N. Y.

LIVER COMPLAINT AND COUGH !-Having taken a vi-
olent cold, which settled on my lungs and liver, producing a se-
vere cough, and pain in the side and shoulder, which was so severe
at times 1 could scarcely turn over in bed, 1 was gradually wast-
ing away, and weary even of my life. My cough was very dis-
tiessing, and, being accompanied with nausea, loss of appetite, de-
bility, and other distressing symptoms, my suffering was extreme.
Finding no benefit from any medicine, nor from my physicians, I
got a bottle of Dr. Taylor's Balsam of Liverwort, which soon made
me well and able to attend to my business.
GEORGE YOUNG,
Druggist, 376 Fulton street, Brooklyn.

COUGH, PAIN IN THE SIDE AND CHEST CURED !-
Having for a long time been distressed with a severe pain in the
side and chest, accompanied with a dry cough, I was induced, up-
on the urgent solicitations of a friend, to try Dr. Tayloh's Balsam
of Liverwort, and I must say this medicine has answered its pur-
pose admirably. My distress was produced by a severe hiut, and
was so great that it was with difficulty I could swallow my food.
Indeed, I am satisfied this disease must have terminated in con-
sumption, or some fatal disease, had it not been cured by this judi-
cious medicine. To all who seek to prolong their lives, I would
advise the use of Dr. Taylor's Balsam of Liverwort.
JAMES COWAN, 42C, Bowery.

LIVER COMPLAINT, COUGH, AND SHORTNESS OF
BREATH.-Having been severely ill for a long time with the li-
ver complaint, and also a severe congh and great shortness of
breath, and being cored from these .-;n...m-f.r,: evils by the use of
that truly magic medicine, Dr. Taylor's Balsam of Liverwort, I
feel it incumbent on me as a Christian and philanthropist, to pub-
lish the facts. The awful distress of shortness ofbreath, together
with a severe cough and the liver complaint, was sufficient to
make life hateful, but, thank God, I am now well. To Dr. Tay-
lor I owe much, and if by any means I can induce the sick to use
his medicine, I shall feel that 1 am doing a duty to him and to
them. His medicine for diseases of the lungs and liver is worthy
of all praise. It has saved my life atnd two other of my friends,
and I believe will cure all who take it. Let all persons try it, and
health will bless them.
MR. HARVEY, 17 Norfolk street.

FOR ('CONL'-MPI ItIN, CO'..il, COLDS, &c.-Mr. J. B.
Sutton, 28 AdAms street, Brooklyn, has been for many years sub-
ject to diseased lungs, especially a bad cough, pain in time breast,
shortness ofbreesh, h.-. A' his business exposed him very much,
I.- -, r .rlnl.th i t t,'..5 mm. ;h colds, and at length was unable to
e.nd hl. r.,;,-..- F..-I,. 7 all the medicines hlie used did him
no good, he resolved to try Dr. Tiylor's Balsam of Liverwort, and
no sooner did he commence this medicine than hlie grew better, and
he was finally restored to a degree of health he ihad not enjoyed
for years! He says he has recommended this medicine to all his
friends troubled with coughs or consumption, and they also have
been cured by its wonderful virtue We will publish their testi-
mony in a few days. We have received 200 certificates from
Brooklyn, showing thie great merit of this medicine, all of which
shall be published.

CONSUMPTION AND LIVER COMPLAINT.-Suffering
as I have for three years with these diseases, I feel from my heart
for all persons equally unfortunate, and, therefore, I beg of them;
if they love life and health-if they love their families and friends,
not to lay and die under te hands of mercury doctors or their use-
less trash, but try Dr. Taylor's Balsam of Liverwort. This medi-
cine cured me when I was so ill I could not turn over in bed with-
out assistance, and the mineral doctors said I could not live a week,
yet this vegetable medicine cured me in six weeks. I had a htack-
ing cough, pain in the sides, raising of matter, night sweats, and
was wasted to the bone ; also, inward fever.
J. B. MILLS, Milkman, Newtown, L. I.

CONSUMPTION AND LIVER COMPLAINT.-For a long
time I suffered with these diseases, and was the more alarmed, as
I had lost two brothers and two sisters with the consumption. I
had the best medical advice in vain ; every remedy was tried,
without effect, and I was almost in despair. I was wasting away,
very nervous, had a bad cough, loss of strength, and mnny other
dangerous symptoms. At length I tried Dr. Taylor's Balsamn of
Liverwort, and I must say this medicine cured me like a charm.
Its great restorative powers should be made known.
W. HOLDRIDGE, 161 Green street.

RAISING OF BLOOD -This disease is easily cured by the
proper medicine. Mr. Newbury, 266 Bowery, used to raise blood
in large quantities, both by day and night; besides this, he had a
severe cough and pain in his breast; yet, after using every other
medicine, he was cured by Dr. Taylor's Balsam of Livetwort.
This man is a cartman ; and let all others who cannot afford to be
idle follow his example, if they are sick, and use this medicine. It
will restore diseased lungs and liver in a very short little. Re-
member, thie genuine medicine is sold at 375 Bowery.
april 13-eo3m [Nat. Amer.]
W AVERLY NOVELS.-St. Ronan's Well. A further
supply of the cheap edition this day received and for sale
by W. M. MORRISON, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
april 6
DR. G. R. PHEI'P[' SOOMIPOUND TOMATO
PILLS--These Pills continue to maintain the celebri-
ty which they so rapidly and extensively acquired, and have prov-
ed themselves an unequalled remedy as an alternative in Dyspep-
sia, Chronic and Glandular diseases, and as a Cathartic in all
Bilious affections, and Family Physic; as from their nature and
composition they are particularly mild and salutary in their opera-
tion. The testimonials of their superior .i i.1 effects from
ilt" isl,tes end ditinsuietished individuals i I s..: ,h. ,i beyond the
.. t., lul r- in,.- ,. ..1'mint: .Tii. ,mn..I warrant the proprietor in claim-
lig for them superior consideration.
,*- As there are other and different Tomato Pills sowadyer-
tised, and some even as Phelpsms,m thoep wishing the genuine
should be particular to get tlIoee signed G. R. phelps, M. D.
Hartford, Conrn. p-or testimonials sep pgmphlete i tihe hands of
all tose who Bell t!sm. "
Fp7 sale by the proprietor, Hartford, Conn., and by agents in
most of th0 principal towns in the United States.
For sale by nearly all the Druggists in the District of Columbia.
See circulars in the hands of all the agents, dec 5-6m
14OR SHAVING--Rhig's celebrated VERBENA
Il CREAM SOAP, the best article ever offered for shaving.
For sale by Dr. WATKINS, S. J. TODD, CHAS. STOTT, J.
L. PEABODY, R. S. PATTERSON, W. KIRKWOOD, E. H. di
C. Ij. AMEB, F. HOWARD, of Washmngton. 0. M. LINTH-
ICUM, Georgetown; and the Druggists geaela'ly it Alexandria,
FOR (Olt; H-., CONSUMPTIONS, &c.--Rev. I. CoyasT'a
BALM O" LIFE, aU unequalled remedy for all diseases of the
Lnngs and Windpipe, and extensively recommended by the Medi-
cal Faculty. Forparticulasrsaand nmerouscertificatesse0e circulars
in the hands ofal thp agents.
F.r sale as above, and by druggists and merchants in most of
the towqs in the United StlpeS,
POR DYSPEPSIA and all BILIOUS AFFECUIONS-Dr.
PiHELPe'S COMPOUND TOMATO PILLS, entirely vegetable-
a superior remedy for the above and kindred diseases, and un-
equalled as an ordinary Family Physic. For particulars and
numerous certificates from physicians and others, see circulars
in the hands of all the agents.
For sale as above, and by moatof the druggists and merchants in
the United States. dec 5--6m
('i RAVEL cured in a short time by using Dr. Phelps'sTo"
1- mato Pills. dee v--em


ERMONS, preached in thie Church of the Epiphany, Phil-
adelphia, by Stephen H. Tyng, I). D. Rector, just received
and for sale by W. M. MORRISON, 4 doors west of Brown's
Hotel. feb 28
B BEAUTIFUL PIANOFORTE.-Just received,from
the unrivalled manufacturers, Chickering & Mackay, Bos-
ton, one of their best rosewood Piano Fortes, made expressly to
order, with harp pedal, and ornamented iron frame. Those wish-
ish a superior toned instrument would do well to call early at Sta-
tioners' Hall.
mar 13 W. FISCHER.
SCHOOL BOOKS of every description, for sale at R.
FARNHAM'S, Penn, avenue, between 9th and 10th streets.


CLAIMS ON MEXICO.-JAMES H. CAUSTEN, Ge-
neral Agent, tenders his services to those having claims
against the Mexican Government under its late treaty with the
United States. Letters to his address, at Washington City, will
receive prompt attention, may 6-eo6m
The New Orleans Bee will please copy the above eo6t in
French and English, and charge this office.
J OHNSTON'S SCRAPS, No. 8.-Just issued, and this
day received for sale by F. TAYLOR ; filled with humorous
engravings, may 15
J LLSWORTII'S SWINE BREEI)ER.-A new
E supply just received by F. TAYLOR,
april 1 Immediately east of GaJsby's Hotel.
MRS. HEMANS'S WORKS COMPLETE.-A new
and beautiful edition, printed on fine paper, with a portrait
of the authoress, of the complete Works of Mrs. Hemans, with a
Memoir by her sister, and an Essay on her Genius, by Mrs. Si-
gourney, in 7 royal 12mo volumes, handsomely boummnd in embos-
sed cloth or in extra binding.
This is the only complete edition of the Works of Mrs, He-
mans, and contains many new poems, together with other matter
notembraced inany other edition of her works. Among the new po-
ems will be found De Chartillion, a tragedy, A Tale of the Se-
cret Tribunals ; Superstition and Revelation, A Tale of the Four-
teenth Century ; Scenes and Passages from Goethe ; Selections
from Juvenile Poems; England and Spain, and Wallace's Invo-
cation to Bruce. Just published, and for sale livby
ap 24 F. TAYLOR.
Also, just published, the complete works of Lord Byron, pub-
lished in a style similar to the above, in eight beautiful volumes,
targe type.
Also, Memoirs and Letters of Madame Malibran, by the Coun-
tess De Merlin, 2 vols.
YSP'EPSIA can be cured in every instance by course of
D r. Phelps'sTomatoPills. A failure in this complaint has
never beet) known, dec 5-6m
a1 EAL PRINCIPESEGAIRS.-This day received, per
JLA schooner Alexandria, Capt. Pennfield, from New York, one
oeiatfnol case real Principe Segars, Z de la Cruz brand, made of
r., rmri tobacco, warranted, in quarter boxes, at 87 50 each.
For sale tor cash at the old snuff, tobacco, and fancy store, 4 doors
east of the City Post Office.
ap 13 LEWIS JOHNSON.
P. S. Several brands of the most approved Havana Segars, war-
ranted genuine, in wimole, half, and quarter boxes, for sale at the
lowest prices as above.
VaNHE LITTLE LEXICON, or Multum in Parvoofthe
.- English language, a small volume for the pocket or writing
desk. London, 1839. Just imported by F. TAYLOR; price
87 cents.
Also, The Little Classic, a volume of the same size, for instant
reference on subjects of Chronology, Mythology, Ancient History,
Ancient Geography, and General History, alphabetically arrang-
ed. London, 1839. Price, $1.
The Little Linguist, a volume ofthe same size, being a complete
I.; h F,-'- i PI,;l.:.-. -'m, r r;.-iing a Grammar in miniature,
Ril.: .. i s, I ..t -1 i..n-i-, &c. the whole arranged for
instant reference. London, 1839. Price, 87 cents.
The Little Gazetteer, or Geographical Dictionary in Miniature,
for the writing desk or pocket. London, 1839. 838 pages;
price $1. ap 24
A WORD TO WOMEN, the Love of the World, and
other gatherings, being a collection of short pieces, by Car-
oline Fry, author ofthe Lecturer. Just published, and for sale by
W. M. MORRISON, book and stationery store, 4 doors west of
Brown's Hotel. feb 28
N EW BOOKS.-Every-day Lile in London, by Grant,
l author of The Great Metropolis, Bench and Bar,&c. in two
vols. 12mo.
Thie Husband Hunter, or Des Schikal, a tale, by the author of
The Wife Hunter, in two vols. 12mo.
The Sentiment of Flowers, or Language of Flora, with colored
plates, in one vol. 16mo. fancy silk binding.
Just received for sale at
GARRET ANDERSON'S,
mar 27- Penn. avenue, 3 do.ra eastof City Post Office
EW ENGLISH BOOKS.-Importedby P. TAYLOR
and this day received-
Eisdell's Industry of Nations, 2 volumes octavo; New British
Cyclopwdia, 10 volumes octavo; Sir F. Palgraves's Rise and Pro-
gress ofthe English Commonwealth during the Anglo-Saxon pe-
riod, in 2 quarto volumes ; Horne Tooke's Diversions of Purley,
new edition, London, 1840; l)ouce's Illustrations of Shakspeare
and of Ancient Manners, 1 volume otitavo ; Dolby's Shaksperian
Dictionary; British Alin~ni and Year-Book of Information for.
1840,publidied by the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Know-
ledge. And many other new and valuable standard works in every
classof Literature and Scierce-on Geology and Mineralogy, on
Civil Engineering and Construction, Military and Naval Science,
&c. ap 20
N EW MIUJSIC.-Just received, thie i..iii..-' tien. M.,-i.:,
S mat the old established store, two doors I..i I: (- In -
Office. W. FISCHER;
SONcs.-The Wandering Winds; Sleeping Maggie; See in the
distance mildly gleaming; There grows a bonnie briar bush; Sing
and remember me; Oh do not look so bright and blest; The lan-
guage of flowers; The dawn is breaking o'er us ; The musical
box; 0 whistle and I will come, (for hie guitar); Opelousas Prai-
rie Waltz; Willy's selection of easy Duets; Potpourri front the
op'ra of Donizetti Anna Bolena. mar 16
ONSUMPTIONS, C ..r. .;,| blood, pain in the
C side, &c., cured by R.wIr' .." lalm of Life. For
s'le by the druggists generally. See other advertisements.
dec 5-6m
JEW NOVELS.-Every-day Life in London, by James
lN Grant, author of Random Recollections of the Lords and
Commons, The Great Metropolis, &e. in 2 vols,
Also, The'Husband Hunter, or Das Sehiksa, tby Dennis Ignatius
Moriauty, Esq. author ofthe Wife Hunter, in 2 vols.
This day published, and for sale by
W. M. MORRISON,
mar 27 Four doors west of Brownis Hotel.
ADY JANE GREY, ail Hlsttrioal Romainec, by
L- Thomas Miller, author of Roy.tona Gower, Rural Sketches,
Fair Rosamond, Beauties of ime Country, A Day in the Woods,
&c. this day published and for sale by
W. M. MORRISON,
may 1 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
t4t(li Oil I-'n'nri..i. Gardening, Botany, Cattle
I- li- rcrhare, Ift. ,..i i..r Vine, The Flower Garden, &c
in all their various branches, for sale by
F. TAYLOR.
The Practical Farmer, 1 vol. ; Chaptal's Agricultural Chemis-
try, I vol.; British Husbandry, 1 vcl., London ; Muhlenberg on
Grasses; the Planter's Guide, by Sir Henry Stewart; Treatise
on Useful andl Ornamental Planting, 1 vol. I The American Fruit
I Garden Companion ; Loudon's Suburban Gardener; The Culture
of the Vine and Wine-making, 1 vol.; Treatise on Ca:tle, their
Bieedg, M ,,.-...ar,' and Diseases, I vol.; New American Gar-
dener; 'in. .q.I -. .' Farmer; and many works on Botany.
SCROFULOUS AFFECTIONS eradicated from the
constitution by a judicious use of Dr. Phelps'q Tomato Pills.
dec 5-6m
O CLAIMAN'TS,--RANCIS A. DICKINS,olthecity
T of Wta,,hingtpvu, ,.1'.. ..) tioe appointment heldby
him for seyoral years ,,'ii tr i ,.,_r, *i,.J War Departme'nts, has
undertaken the agency of claims before Congress, aid other
branches of the Government, it. 1.ihI,-,: commissioners under
treaties, and the various public T....- also, the procuring of
patents for public lands, prosecuting claims for services in the
Revolution, and for Navy pensions, and generally such other
business as may require the aid of an agent at Washington' He
will likewise .,- i.1 .. tire prosecution of bounty land claims
upon thp Iate -:it ii.,..,, and the recovery of lands in Ohio
which have been sold for taxes.
Persons has;.,:, r .,i\ .i. bt. n.elves to have claims, on
transmitting a '.,',n,.m.t..t ,'.. l *i. ,, intl be advised of the proper
course of proceeding. His charge will be moderate, depending
upon time amo,^tt of the claim and the extent of the service.
lIe '.s also agent for the American Life Insurance amd Trust
Company, which has a capital of two millions of dollars paid in,
and for the Baltimore Fire Inasrance Company.
Mr. F. A. DacgtKs is known to most of those who have been
in Congress within the last few years, or who have occupied any
public situatkn at Washington.
His office is on Pennayivaaoa avenue, between Fuller's Hotel
and Fifteenth d~rest.
r'- All letters mintat be post paid. sept 12-lyd
[')D.,MAN PHYSIOLOGICALLY CONSIDER-
V ED, as to Mind, Morals, Marriage, Matrimonial Slavery,
Infidelity, and Divorce, by Alexander Walker, au-hor of Inter-
marriage, &d. second edition. A fresh supply this day received,
and for sale by W. M. MORRISON,
ap 29 doors west of Brown's Hotel
C IIALLENGEBLACKING.-W. FISCHER has just
received, by the sloop Coquette, a large supply of Mason's
new made, unequalled, and inimitable Challenge Blacking, the
manufacturer of whirh has not adopted any romantic device
whereby to obtain a momentary attention. He relies upon the
superlative quality of his blackimg to insure for it a lasting pre-
ference. For sale vs above, wholesale and retail, at the factory
prices-lie being the sole agent hbr the District. ap 13
N EWWORK.O--" The Tomb of Washington at Mount Ver
1i non," with Illustrations. Just received by F. TAYLOR,
immediately east of Gadsby's. april 6
L LANGUAGE OF FlIOWERS.-Embracing an ac
count of nearly three hundred different Flowers, with their
powers in language; with colored plates. Just received and
for sale by F. TAYLOR,
apr 1 Immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel.


rTRHE GENTLEMAN'S NEW BOOK Farrier.-
- Comprising a general description of the noble and useful
animal, the Horse, by Richard Mason, M. D. formerly of Surry
county, Virginia, (in 'ht, edition with additions, is for sale by W.
M. MORRISON, I .1.. west of Brown's Hotel. ap 10


jAIN AJk', k'l5,Ul'ltUALV A IITIN tn, new edititlon, in
2 large octavo vols. complete for 83 50, is for sale by F.
TAYLOR, (published at $7;) also, The Crisis," by Thomas
Paine, a work in 16 numbers, written while with the Army of the
Revolution, mew edition, complete in 1 vol. Price 75 cents.


W IIALEBONE Ior BONNETS AND DRESS-
ES.-The subscriber has received prepared wbalebone
for bonnets and dresses, which he will sell by the gross or dozen,
at.the old snuff, tobacco, and fancy store; 4 doors east of the city
post office.
omar 27 LEWIS JOHNSON.


BE CAREFUL OF YOUR COLDS.--Many people
are very apt to consider a cld but a trifling matter, and to
think that "it will go away of itself in a day or two," and they
give themselves no trouble about it. But to such we would say,
"Be careful of your colds;" do not tamper with your constitu-
tions. If you desire to live to a good old age," be careful to take
such remedies as will effect an easy and a speedy cure. DR.
SWAYNE'S COMPOUND SIBUP OF PRUNUS VIRGI-
NIANA, or WILD CHERRY, has cured more colds than any
other medicine offered for sale in this country. The certificates
of cures effected by this invaluable medicine, which the proprietor
is daily receiving, are of the most gratifying character, and tend
to show its sanative properties, and the high rank it holds in pub-
lic estimation.-Medical Definer.
For sale at the book and Stationery Store of R. FARNHAM,
between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue, sole agent
or the city of Washington. may 8-2awtmn
rI HE DICTIONARY Ole CHEMISTRY and Mi-
1 neralogy, with their applications, fourth edition, with nu-
merous improvements. This day received, and for sa'e at W. M.
MORRISON'S Book and Stationery Store, feur doors wcst of
Brown's Hotel. mar 23
^EW BOOKS.-THE AMERICAN SWINE BREEDER.
% By H. W. Ellsworth. This is the first of a series of books
for the practical farmer, under the title of Farmer's Series. It
will soon be followed by works on farming, gardening, manures,&c.
AIDS TO REFLECTION. By Samuel Taylor Coleridge,
with the author's last corrections. Edted by Henry Nelson Cole-
ridge, Esq. M.A. To which is prefixed a preliminary Essay. By
John MeVicar, Professor of Moral Philosophy in Columbia Col-
lege, New Yort.
THE REFORMATION OF MEDICAL SCIENCE demand-
ed by Inductive Philosophy. A Discourse delivered before the
New York Physician's Society. By Wm. Channing, M.D.
WOMAN'S MISSION. "What is wanting," said Napoleon,
"that the Youth of France be well educated "Metthers," re-
plied Madam Campan. Thisreply struck the Emperor. "Her.,"
said he, "is a system qf education in one word." "B.-o ,t-ur
care to train up mothers whoshall tnow how to educate their chil-
dren."
THE PARENT'S FRIEND. A manual of Domestic Instruc-
tion and Discipline. By John Morison, D. D). With a prefatory
address to parents in America. By S. H. Cot, D. D.
THE YOUNG WOMAN'S GUIDE TO EXCELLENCE.
By Win. Alcott.
Just received, and for sale at the Book and Stationery Store of
R. FARNHAM,
Between 9th and 10tOh streets, Penn. avenue.
AMES RIVER AND KANAHA COMPANY.
Notice to Cosmtractors.-Proposals 'will be received at
the office of the James River and Kauawha Company, in Rich-
mond, Va., until the 8th July next, for the construction of six
Dams, with River Locks, to be built across James River, between
Lynchburg and the mouth of North River.
These Dams are to be built of heavy solid stone masonry, hay-
ing such part laid in cement as the specifications shall designate,
and with such abutments, &c. as the engineer shall exhibit on the
plans. They will vary in height from 7 to 32 feet.
Also, proposals will be received for the Lock Gatrs of 24
Locks between the points above named, with iron work similar to
those below Lynchburg.
The plans and specifications of said Dams and Lock Gates will
be ready to be exhibited by E. H. GILL, Esq. tli engineer, on
and after the 15th day of June next, at his office in Lynchburg,
where contractors may apply for such information as will enable
them to make proper proposals.
Payment for the work will be made in the same manner as for
other works on the line above Lynchburg, which were let in No-
vember last.
The time for the completion of the above work will be March,
1842. The t:irber for the Lock Gates will be required to be pro-
cured and laid away carefully as the specification directs.
B. WRIGHT,
may 5-2tawd&cpl6july Chief Engineer J. R. & K. Co.
INOTICE TO TEACHEItS.-A single gentleman, well
L qualified to take charge of a neighborhood school, where
children of both sexes are taught, may obtain a desirable situation
by making immediate application. All applications must be ac-
companied with satisfactory testimonials as to character, qualifica-
tions, &c. also a statement of the different branches of f Jiuiati..n
the applicant would engage to teach ; proficiency in the I.arija,pa
will be considered a desirable though notindispensable requisite.
The salary will be three hundred dollars and board. All commu-
nications must be addressed, postpaid, to JOHN W. MILBURN,
Clifton Factory, St. Maty's County, Maryland. The trustees of
the school vitl make the appointment on the 20th of May, end
the gentleman receiving the same will be expected to take charge
of the school immediately, may 5-2tawd&ctd
GENCY at WASHINGTON.-JAIMkt H. GAU!S-
TEN, (late of Baltimore,) having made this city his perma-
nent residence, will undertake, with hisaccustomed zeal and dil-
igence, the settlement of claims generally; and more particularly
claims before Congress, against the United States, or the several
yUtparu'oentB thIareof, and before any Board of Commissioners that
may be raised for the adjustment of spoliation or other claims.
He has now in charge the entire class arising out of French spo-
liations priorto the year 1800; with reference to which, in addition
to a mass of documents and proofs in his possession, he has ac-
cess to those in the archives of the Government,
Claimants and pensioners on the Navy faui, &e. bounty lands,
return duties, &c. &c. and those requtring life insurance, can
have their business promptly attended to by letter, (post paid,)
and thus relieve themselves from an expensive and inconvenient
personal attendance,
Having obtc'ned a commission of Notary Public, he is prepared
to furnish legalized copies of any required public documents or
other papers. He has been so long engaged in the duties of an
agent, that it can only be necessary now to say that economy and
prompt attention shall be extended to.all business confided to his
care; and that, to enable him to render his services and facilities
more efficacious, lie has become familiar with all the forms of
office.
Officee on F street, near the new Treasury Building.
feb 26-
ARN ES'S NOTES ON ISAIAH.-Notes, Critical,
Explanatory, and Practical, on the Book of the Prophet
Isaiah, with a new translation, by Albert Barnes, in 3 volumes, is
just published and for sale by W. M. MORRISON, four doors
west of Brown's Hotel. april29
HEUiMATISM.-Perscns subject to this painful disease
may assuredly expect its recurrence about these days of
.hangeable weather and temperature. Its attacks can always be
prevented by the timely use of Dr Phelps's Compound Tomato
Pills. Price 371 cents. For agencies see advertisement.
dec 8--6m__ _____
HiEAP LETTER PAPER.--Fine Letter Paper, well
U. made and well finished, of good materials, for $2 25 per
ream, wliich is equivalent to II cents per quire. Good common
Letter Paper, suitable for school or store use, for S1l 75 per ream.
ap 29 For sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also, just received a large supply of superior Blank Books of
every size and description, of first-rate materials and manufac-
ture, offered for sale at prices very materially lower than they
have ever before been sold for in Washington.
r.lHHE ARMY AND NAVY REGISTER.-Just
U published and for sale at the Bookstore of
R. FARNHAM,
may 8 Between 9th and I1th streets, FPenn. Avenue.
rC OPARTN ERSHIP.-Thesubscriber has associated wil
S him, in the Stock and Exchange business, Mr. GEORGE W.
RIeus, jr. of New York.
The business will from thisdate be conducted under tihe firm of
CoRcoRAN & RiGas.
ap 13-tf W. W. CORCORAN.
BONY CANES.-The subscriber has on hand genuine
i ehony walking canes, mounted and plain; also, a variety
of canes at low prices, at the old snuff, tobacco, and fancy store,
4 doors east ofthe city post office.
mar 27 IEWIS JOHNSON.
ASTER HUMPHREY'S CLOCK, edited by Box
with numerous illustrations, by George Cattermole and
Humbolt Browne, and a portrait of dhe author, actually received
and for sale at W. M. MOIlRISON'S Book and Stationery Store,
four doors west of Brown's Hotel. may 1
(2 'iHAtLES ELLA Ut)OD, a 1Tale, by 0. A. Brown-
sum1, Editor of the Boston Quarterly, in 1 volume, just pub-
lished, is this day received for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Prom the author's preface -" With these remarks I dismiss
this little book to its fate. I have taken much pleasure in its com-
position ; I have embodied in it the result of years of inquiry and
reflection ; and I have thought it not ill adapted to the present stale
of the public mini in this community. It deals with the weightiest
problems of philosophy and theology, and perhaps soane minds
may find it not altogether worthless. ap 20
T HE ORCHARI), including the managenmentof'wall ail
standard fruit trees and the forcing pit, with selected lists
and synonymes of the most choice varieties, by Charles Melntosh,
C. F. C. H. S., Head Gardener to his grace the Duke of Duc-
cleuelh, at Dalkeilh, is for sale at the Book amd Stationery Store of
W. M. MORRISON,
ap 6 Fourdoors west of Brown's Hotel.
NJEW EDITION OF THE CONGRESSIONAL
LI DIRECTORY, corrected up to the commencement of
the present month, is just published and for sale by
imay 11 F. TAYLOR.
U'ISTO0RE D'ANGLET&LRRE PAR RAPIN,
U. in 13 vols. quarto, a perfect copy, well bound in calf, in en-
tire good order, published at the Hague li 1724. Price for the
whole set only $19. A single copy just received by
nmay I1 F. TAYLOR.
AMERICAN ALMANAC FOR 1840, forsale by B.
FARNHAM,Penn. avenue, between 9th and 10th streets.


1D OLDOLLARS REWARD.-Ranaway, in May last,
t5-fr my negro man MOSES. He is supposed to be about
six feet high, is well proportioned to his height, dark complexion,
has a long lower lip, and shows his lower teeth when he laughs;
he has a scar on one side of his face, occasioned from a burn when
he was small, which scar has a shining, polished appearance. In'
his usual appearance he is quite humble, polite, and obedient;
and, when spoken to by any one he is acquainted with, generally
answers with a smile on his countenance. He is 26 years of age.
He left Mr. Sheckelford, in Charlotte Hall, St. Mary's county,
Maryland, to whom he was hired at the time above mentioned,
and it is supposed he is now in some of the large cities or in tie
State of Pennsylvania.
I will give the above reward provided he is confined in the Dis-
trict of Columbia so that I get him again.
ANN POSEY,
f9b 17-wlf Sear Georgetewn,


jmkikt^


11.


I I


I I


y~7;//_T







N ) N


1 RENMARKS ON.. TfLETT,
OF KENT37ry,
At e Convention of Tobacco Planters, held in this
\ city May 1, 1840.

Mr. TRIPLETT, of Kentucky, said that, at the request
of several gentl&nen who surrounded him, and as he was also
a member of the Select Committee on Tobacco, he would de-
tail briefly to the Convention some of the statistical informa-
tion contained in the documents referred to-(Document No.
195, Tobacco Statistics.)
We are assembled here (continued Mr. T.) to ascertain
what is the best method to relieve the tobacco planters of the
United States trom the onerous duties and restrictions impos-
ed upon that staple by the Governments of Europe. By the
document which I hold in my hand, it will be seen that the
nations of Europe raise, upon our tobacco, a revenue of rather
upwards of thirty millions of dollars-being an amount dou-
ble that of the whole revenue derived by the United States
from imports. It is in vain to tell me that we do not possess
the means, if we are willing to use them, of compelling these
Governments to modify the duties to a very considerable ex-
tent. The revenue of Great Britain derived from duties on
tobacco is sixteen million six hundred and fifty-three thou-
sand five hundred and sixty-six dollars, whi'st the whole re-
venue of the United States derived from imports, in the year
1838, was sixteen million eight hundred and sixty-six thou-
sand and seventy-seven dollars. If, then, Great Britain (and
I cite her first as an example of the nations that lay a direct
tax, for her own purpose, upon our tobacco)-if, I say, Great
Britain realizes annually such a heavy amount ofmoney upon
our staple, is it not right and proper that means should be
taken to protect our interests, by raising a direct revenue on
those imports which a great majority of the People of the
United States can do without We know that a great num-
ber of articles are imported from Great Britain, the want of
which, if entirely prohibited, the great mass of this nation
would not feel.
Let us now look to France. The evil under which we
labor, as respects this country, arises, not from a direct
tariff, but from the establishment of what is called a Regie,
that is to say, the whole tobacco trade there is in the hands
of a small number of men, formerly nine, but now reduced to
seven. Therefore, there is no competition ; and the fact is,
that all the tobacco used in France is purchased by the Regie,
or persons employed by them. And yet the silks and wines
which are shown to be imported from France intothe United
States, almost entirely free of duty, constitute an enormous
amount of our imports. The imports from France amount
annually to twenty-five million four hundred and ninety
thousand two hundred and seventy-six dollars, and, of that
amount, seventeen million sixty-three thousand eight hun-
dred and eighteen dollars are imported free of duty. From
the examination I have given to the subject, I have no hesi-
tation in saying that four-fifths of these articles are luxuries
Duties imposed, therefore, on these luxuries will operate
directly on France, whilst they will not affect injuriously the
citizens of the United States.
The next country which takes from theUnited States any
large amount of tobacco is Holland. We export to Holland
nine hundred and fifty-five thousand eight hundred and thir-
ty-five dollars in value of tobacco. Now, we import from that
country a very small amount, comparatively speaking, that is
to say, one million six hundred and thirty-two thousand and
thirty-five dollars in value; but it is to be considered that, of
this amount, six hundred and sixty-one thousand three hun-
dred and twenty-six dollars in value is free of duty. The ar-
ticles imported free of duty from Holland, and upon which
we might raise a revenue for ourselves, are such as the citi-
zens of the United States could, to a great extent, dispense
with-that is to say, silks and wines.
It is to be confessed, however, that some difficulty may
arise on this subject, because we must be cautious that whilst
we steer clear of one evil we do not run foul of another.
Our manufacturing interests may, by possibility, take up the
idea that if the revenue of the country was raised upon arti
cles which are luxuries and not manufacturescomingin com-
petition with theirs, the smaller would be the amount of reve-
nue which would be necessary to be raised afterwards, and
which, of course, would or could fall upon manufactured ar-
ticles which might come in competition with theirs. That is
the only evil to be avoided, and that is the only obstacle
-which the committee will find in their way. The amount of
exports of tobacco by the United States bears a remarkable
proportion to the nu nber of individuals in the United States
who are now interested in its cultivation. Take the whole
population of the United States to be fifteen millions, and,
by a calculation which I have made, I make the whole num-
ber of souls directly interested in the manufacture of tobacco
to be one million five hundred and twelve thousand. Now,
our exports of all kinds amount to seventy-nine million two
hundred and one thousand eight hundred and sixty dollars.
The experts of tobacco are seven million seven hundred and
forty-eight thousand seven hundred and seventy-two dollars.
About one-tenth, therefore, of the population of the United
States are engaged or interested in the raising of tobacco,
and about one-tenth of our exports in value are in tobacco.
Thus, then, one tenth of our population and one-tenth of all
our exports in value have been totally unrepresented, so to
speak, in Europe; and the reason is, because they lie between
the great cotton interest of the South and the great manufac-
turing interest of the North. Sir, we are here for the purpose
of considering what is best to be done for the promotion of
our own interest, without interfering with the interests of our
Southern and Northern neighbors. That something effec-
Stual can be done, I feel the strongest assurance; and I will
add nothing at this time beyond the expression of my concur-
rence in the proposition for the appointment of a committee.
On the following day, on a motion made to strike out cer-
tain parts of the report of the committee-
Mr. T. said that an expression had been made use of yes-
terday by a gentleman who addressed the Convention, (Mr.
DODGE,) which had struck him (Mr. T.) with much force
Here were now assembled together about one hundred and
twenty Jobs; and if Job had been a tobacco planter, his pa-
tience, as the gentleman had said, would have been exhaust-
ed. Job bore a great deal before he complained-and the
tobacco planters had borne nearly as much as Job before
they complained.
Two years ago (continued Mr. T.) we commenced a small
system of complaint, in a very low tone of voice; and I be-
lieve you yourselves were present and recollect the language
of the memorial which was then drawn up. I am sure that
no gentleman could have taken exception to that memorial
A copy of it is now in my pocket, and I am sure that the
language there used was stronger than the language now
contained in this report. We are assembled here for practi-
cal purposes-we have an object in view, and we must make
use of all proper means for its accomplishment, or else we
are here for nothing. We set forth a particular state of facts
for the knowledge of each country with which we trade, and
which is as well acquainted with the facts as we are. The
language we make use of to operate, say, for instance, on
England, has been derived from the correspondence which
has taken place between our agents and hers. We say, mc-
dify your duties on tobacco. The argument, so far as Eng-
land iseoncerned, has been exhausted ; and she is notyeteon-
vinced. We have argued with her so long as argument has
been of any service, to convince her that she will make more
money (for that is the object and the only object) by bringing
down her tariff; and we have failed to do so. What is true
of one Government is true of another. I have read through
the entire correspondence, as the gentleman from Marylanil
(Mr. JENIFER) who waded through it with me can bear me
'witness; and I must say that every argument which human
ingenuity could devise, and all the statistical facts which
could be collected, have been brought forward by our minis-
ters and agents abroad with a degree of labor and talent that
would do honor to any country on the face of the globe.
The argument, as I have said, has failed with Great Britain.
Now, we are here to do something practical-and the ques-
tion is, what must we do We have tried arguments, and
those arguments are recapitulated in this report for the pur-
pose of convincing our people that they bare suffered much.
Sir, they know it. The next course, then, that presented it-
self was that of negotiation. I wish I could say that it pro-
mises as much as we could hope for. Some benefit has
grown out of it, and we have a fair prospect of accomplish-
ing something with two nations. But when negotiation and
begging have failed, what must come next $ By our own
treaty with France, which expires on the second of Februa-
ry, 1842, we are left at liberty to regulate oar tariff; and we
may regulate our tariff with her, as regards dutieson imports,
as high or as low as we think proper. I said yesterday that
there were two great interests of which we must be careful
not to run foul; lor, if you ever noticed the tobacco-growing
country, you find that it is a belt of country which stretches
through the centre of the United States, from the Atlantic
Ocean nearly to the Rocky Mountains, including the States
of Virginia, Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri, and parts of
the States of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois. We havw the
manufacturers on one side, who say to us, if you would raise
a revenue, lay it on such articles as we manufacture. The
people of the South might use a different language. Let it,
however, be borne in mind that we are here to take care of


our own interest. What, then, are we to do 1 We are to
yield as much as possible to the North as well as to the South,
but we are to recollect that this is our own interest, and not
the interest of any one else. We must, however, have the
aid If the other interests to sustain us, or nothing can he
done in Congress. Let us devise something practicable.
Surely the report of the committee is not too strong. We
recommend nothing-we leave that to the members of Con-
gress who represent this broad belt ; we merely furnish them
the material, and we say to them, go on gid do your duty to
your constituents. This is all that the report contemplates.
I might myself, probably, have gone further, had I jdj the
drawing up of the report; other gentlemen, probably, might
not have gone so far. I think the report has hit the just me.
dium as well as it could be done. We have not interfered
with one interest or the other; but we give Congress and the
President to understand that something mast be done-that
we have borne as much as we intend to bear. But it must
be left to Congress to say what steps shall be taken. I, for
one, am willing that all luxuries shall be taxed-that is to
say, luxuries coming from two of the nations which tax our
tobacco the highest. It is true that if you throw the tax
upon luxuries, the North may have some cause to complain,
but the North will bear the burden for the benefit of the mid-
dle portion of the Union. By the encouragement of thi-
growth of tobacco, the South itself will be almost directly
benefited. Has not the tobacco region furnished half, if not
twu-thirds, of all the labor which has gone into the cotton-
growing country 3 ard does it not furnish it now ? Just so


far as you now give encouragement to the cultivation of to-
bacco, you fix that kind of labor which, when it leaves the
tobacco-growing region, has nowhere else to go except to the
cotton region. This single fact is worthy of all considera-
tion, and will have its due effect. Whenever a man breaks up
as a tobacco planter, (and hundreds, yes, sir, thousands, will
break up unless some encouragement is extended to them,) all
the labor goes to the South; and thus, by increasing the
amount of cotton for exportation, they bring down prices in
Europe, as a matter of course. And in this manner the South
are directly interested. The tobacco region, as such, is not
capable of much extension ; it is restricted by climate ; and
the whole of its population remaining at home, and receiving
a better price for their tobacco, will be enabled to purchase a
greater quantity of manufactures; and thus the interests of
the North will be benefited also. I hope, therefore, that the
report will be adopted just as it is.

SPEECH OF MR. CUSHING,
OF MASSACHUSETTS,
ON THE TREASURY NOTE BILL,
[CONCLUDED.]

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, MARCH 12TH AND 17TH, 1840.

IV. THE FINANCIAL CONDITION OP THE COUNTRY.
Mr. Chairman, we have been examining, hitherto, the.ex-
penditures of the Federal Government, and have seen how it
is that the Treasury is exhausted of the means in it; and I
intend now to consider why its resources are not more ample;
for the fact of a deficit in the Treasury involves each of these
distinct branches of inquiry.
The resources of the Treasury are drawn from the pro-
ductive industry of the country. How far, and in what way,
have the industrial prosperity of the country, and its conse-
quent contributions to the Treasury, been affected by the
policy of the Government itself? This is a question very
pertinent to this bill, and a most important question.
Either the present Administration has, or it has not, a dis-
tinctive policy of its own. I assume that it has. If any gen-
tleman says it has not, very well; I am ready to meet him on
that point. But I assume that it has a distinctive policy, as
evidenced by its acts, by the votes of gentlemen attached to
it here, by their speeches, and by the writings of its friends.
I propose to scrutinize this policy in its effect on the condi-
tion of the country, and, through that, on the condition of
the Treasury. If we may understand the facts which sur-
round us, and the late votes of the House, the partisans of
the Administration have renewedly pledged themselves to
that peculiar policy. They have declared their determination
to contend still under the old banner. They have thrown it
into the midst of the fight, and have themselves plunged in
after it. They have now no alternative left. Whether it be
in the gallantry of conscious courage and means of success,
or in the self-immolation of despair,-whichever it be, they
have, at any rate, been content to advance until they are cut
off from all possibility of retreat. Their administrative course
is fixed irreversibly. What, then, I repeat, is the effect of
this policy on the industrial interests of the People of the
United States'7
I have abstained, in this Congress, from saying much on
the abstract or the purely party questions which may have
happened to come before it. In this I have acted on a convic-
tion which I long since formed, and which I proclaimed in
my addresses to the People of Massachusetts,-the opinion,
namely, that the affairs of the country were now in a transi-
tion-state,-that a breaking up of the old channels of busi
ness, and of the old forms of investment and of enterprise,
was in the train of accomplishment,-and that therefore it was
at this period peculiarly incumbent on me to look well here
to the diversified business interests of my constituents, above
and beyond all other considerations. I act under the impres-
sive influence of this conviction in what I am about to say on
the present occasion.
In the outset, therefore, I appeal to members on beth sides
of the House, and especially to those in power, and who, as
they are just and honorable men in other relations of life, are,
I willingly concede, to be so regarded in the discussion of
their views of public policy,-I appeal to them as patriots, as
lovers of their country ; let us together emerge from the mur-
ky atmosphere of petty personal and party interests, and ele-
vate ourselves for awhile into a purer element. I do on my
conscience believe that the crying sin of the time is in the
sacrifice of the interests of the country to those of party; that
this is most emphatically true of the financial policy of the
Administration, which is peculiarly censurable in this mat-
ter, inasmuch as it holds the reins of power, and is therefore
responsible for the direction and action of the Government.
The Opposition has no effective power; it has little opportu-
nity to propose measures, it has none to accomplish them; it
has no positive power, but only a negative power, to expose,
and, so far as reason may go, to prevent, the mal-administra-
tion of the Government by the party in office. I wish not to
believe, and I will not believe, that the Administration can be
content to subsist, like caterpillars, on the decay of the coun-
try ; and therefore I entreat its friends to go with me while I
touch on some of the points of this great subject, the most vi-
tal one of the day, namely, the~ifluence of their financial
policy on the industrial interests of the Union, oh all ita-de-
partments of production, whether of agriculture, mines, the
forest, fisheries, commerce, or manufacture.
It is remarkable how perfect the similitude is between the
present crisis and that of fifty years ago, which immediately
preceded the formation of the Constitution of the United
States. The analogy is complete. The same financial and
commercial questions filled the minds of all men at that time
as now. The Constitution itself was the direct result of these
very questions; for then, as now, the inter-state relations of
the States were uneasy; many of the States were sinking
under the load of their public debts; commerce was obstruct-
ed and feeble; manufacture the same ; the political, but, still
more, the commercial influence of Great Britain continued to
embarrass the country, notwithstanding its newly acquired in-
dependence; and it was the precise fact of this prostration of
the industrial interests of the United States, under these and
other circumstances, which led to the adoption of the Con-
stitution.
The Treaty of Paris, by which Great Britain acknowledged
the Independence of the United States, was, it has been well
said, a truce on the part ofthe former, rather than a pacifica-
tion. The navigation laws of Great Britain were especially
injurious to our interests, owing to the defective political or-
ganization ofthe Confederation. The States, acting severally,
and without concert, were no match for the trading influences
of Europe. Hence, the enormous quantity of foreign goods
thrown into our markets, crippling our commerce, and crush-
ing our manufacture. Add to this the impression made on
the public morals and public interests by the torrents of paper
money overflowing the land. Petitions to Congress for the
enactment of measures to contravene the acts of Great Britain,
followed as a matter of course; it being justly represented
that an equal trade, on fair principles of reciprocity, was as
important to one country as to the other. Congress accord
ingly passed resolutions (April 30. 1784,) recommending to
the several States to vest the United States in Congress
assembled, for the term of fifteen years, with power to pro-
hibit any goods, wares, or merchandise from being imported
into, or exported from, any of the States in vessels belonging
to or navigated by the subjects of any Power with whom these
United States shall not have formed treaties of commerce ;"
and with power, also, to prohibit the subjects of any foreign
state, kingdom, or empire, unless authorized by treaty, from
importing into the United States any goods, wares, or mer-
chandise, which are not the produce or manufacture of the
dominions of the sovereign whose subjects they are." But
nothing came of this, because of the erroneous opinion which
prevailed, that on commercial subjects the interests of the dif-
ferent parts of the Union conflicted with each other; the dif-
ferences on this point being aggravated by the great question
of the war debt of the Revolution, by contests between debtor
and creditor, public and private, and also between the domestic
debtor and the foreign creditor, to say nothing of the asser-
tions, frequently made, of the impossibility of the States dis-
charging honestly their pecuniary obligations. The com-
mercial necessities of two contiguous States, Virginia and
Maryland, in reference to the navigation of a part of Chesa-
peake bay, induced, in the first place, a meeting of commis-
siorters from those States at Alexandria, in 1785, and after-
wards a resolution of the State of Virginia (21st January,
1786,) appointing comliBssioners
"To meet such as might be appointed by the other States in the
Union, at a time and place to be agreed on, to tale into considera-
tion the trade of the United States ; to examine the relative situa-
tion and trade oflhe said States; to consider how far a uniform sys-
tem in their commercial relations may be necessary to their com-
mon interest and their permanent harmony ; and to report to the
several States such an act relative to this great object, as, when
unanimously ratified by them, will enable this United States, in
Congress assembled, effectually to provide for the same."
Six States, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Dela-
ware, Maryland, and Virginia, held a meeting at Annapolis
accordingly, and recommended the assembly of a convention
at Philadelphia to revise the articles of confederation; andi
that convention, assembled in pursuance of that recommen-
dation and in virtue of a resolution of Congress, (21st Feb,


1787) framed the Constitution of the United States,
These are notorious and familiar facts. I recall them to
mind in order to show out of what exigency the present
Union originated. And the earliest acts of the first Congress
of the United States under that Constitution bear witness to
the same thing. Open the statute book, and you see that
after an act prescribing the oaths of office, (chap. J,) the very
next (chap. 2) is an act laying a duty on imports for the sup-
nort of the Government, the discharge of the debts of the
United States, and the encouragement and protection of man-
ufacture; the next (chap. 3) imposing tonnage duties, that is,
providing for the protection of navigation and commerce; the
next (chap. 4) for the creation of department of foreign af-
fairs; the next (chap. 5) for the establishment of revenue col.
lection diistricts; soon afterwards, an act (chap. 9) for the erec-
tion and loatjqon of lisht-houses, beacons, and buoys for the
aid of navigation, at4 another (chap. 11) to regulate and pro-
tect the coasting trade of the U.iipd States. All these, and
others of the early acts of that Congress, are most significant
ones. They are the initiatory measures of this Government.
They indicate what was the pressing object of the day, name-
ly, the security and protection of the industrial interests of
the country, in the various forms of production, including
manufacture and commerce, against the invasion of foreign
interests, and against the influence of irregular action among
the States themselves. It is obvious that the end sought to
be attained was the industrial unity ofthe United States.
Need I ask gentlemen to revert to the history of this Gov-
ernment for the half century that has followed, and to dwell
on specific facts, to prove the wisdom of the policy of the


fathers of the Republic I Who is there that does not look
back with pride on the wonderful career of the country under
the impulse it then received Its extraordinary progress in
fixed wealth, in agricultural production, in commerce, in man-
ufacture, in population, in territory, and in general character
and weight as a member of the great family of civilized na-
tions 7 Thus, in 1792, the sum total of the exports of the
United States, of things of domestic production, was only
about nineteen million dollars in value;-comprising, of bread-
stuffs $7,649,887, of tobacco $4,349,567, of rice $1,753,769,
of wood 81,263,534, and the remainder of other articles of
less value, as indigo, ashes, live stock, whale oil, tar, and
other productions of the soil, forest, or sea ; and this com-
merce chiefly confined to Spain, France, Great Britain, the
Netherlands, Denmark, and Sweden. Since then, the sum
total of our exports of the growth or production of the Uni-
ted States has increasedfive-fold; and our commerce embra-
ces the whole world in the expansion of its enterprise. Our
population at that time was but four millions; now, it is six-
teen millions. Our territory at that time was restricted to
900.000 square miles; now it is stretched over 2,100,000 square
miles. And if the inquiry be pursued into all the particulars
of the material condition of the United States at the two
epochs in question, it will be seen that, not only in the gen-
eral facts which I have indicated, but in all others of the
same class, there has been a corresponding melioration and
progress in the condition of the country, under the operation
of that policy of industrial unity which lay at the foundation
of the Constitution.
Contrast, for a moment, the situation of the United States,
in this respect, with the situation of those nations of Chris-
tian Europe, from the various parts of which the people of
the United States have sprung. Taking in one view the
whole superficies of the United States, with the great valley
of the Mississippi for its central body and main division, and
the slope of the Alleghanies on the one hand, and that of the
Rocky Mountains on the other, and it does not materially
differ, so far as concerns the purposes of my argument, from
the entire superficies of Europe. But, instead of being uni-
ted in one great federal league like us, the political commu-
nities of Europe are divided into rival and adverse Govern-
ments, with no unity of industrial interests, and no stability
of political relation. Hence, in the first place, the perpetual
recurrence of wars, to waste the energies of each in the busi-
ness of mutual injury, instead of dedicating them to the
nobler object of reciprocal and common benefit. Hence, in
the second place, the permanent existence, in time of peace,
of innumerable impediments to the prosperous prosecution of
the pursuits of industry and production. If goods be sent
through the heart of Europe, they must pass twenty frontiers,
and run the gauntlet of a cordon of custom-house officers at
each. If you would transmit letters, there must be an ar-
rangement with the separate post-office establishments of a
dozen distinct kingdms. If you would go yourself, you
must be protected with a passport, to be vise at every frontier,
at every great city, and, in some countries, every night that
you stop to lodge at a public inn. If you would remit or
carry money, you must rely on the bills of exchange of pri-
vate merchants or bankers, or have with you a circular let-
ter of credit on the bankers of each country, or go through
the process of paying brokers to exchange the coin of the
country you leave for the different coin of the other as you
enter it. And in the still more important relations of exten-
sive business in commerce or manufacture, you have to en-
counter, as between the several countries, all the various re-
strictive provisions, which the adverse interests of so many
independent rival communities compel each one to adopt, for
the security of its industry and its public revenue, against the
open or the covert encroachments of the others in time of
peace, and their violent assaults in time of war.
All these multifarious evils of the condition of separation
which distinguishes the states of Europe, it was the object of
the Constitution of the United States to avoid for us ; to make
us one in feeling and one in interests; one in all the relations
of war ; one in commerce; one in navigation; one in manu-
facture; one in agriculture, mines, and fishery; one in mails;
one in custom-houses; one in personal change of place; and
ONE IN CURRENCY. Yes, I say, it was the object of the Con-
stitution to make us one in currency, as well as in all the
other elements of physical and material well-being which I
have enumerated ; and it was reserved for the party now in
power, in the profundity of its wisdom, to undertake to throw
away all the benefits of the constitutional union of the States
in this respect, and to turn us over to the various and shift..
ing currencies of the separate twenty-six States, three Terri-
tories, and District of Columbia, just as if we were discon-
nected foreign Powers, like the several states of Europe.
Here is the root of all the business evils which afflict the
country ; a return to the paper money condition of the Con-
federation ; the fruits of the experience of the fifty years of
the Union rejected ; and the United States disruptured, so
far as regards the business currency of the nation, into thirty
rival and conflicting foreign governments, when all the ma-
terial interests of every part of the country require they should
be but one.
And the progress of events, since the present Administra-
tion and its predecessor came into power, affords an instruc-
tive commentary on this radical error of policy; showing that,
in other respects also, the industrial interests of the country
have been mad. a sacrifice to the experimental errors of the
Administration.
Take, for example, the class of facts appertaining to me-
chanic and manufacturing industry. Here we see the prin-
ciple of the security and protection of domestic labor against
foreign competition abandoned, professedlyy at least,) in pur-
suit of the ignis fatuus of an equalization of duties on all im-
ported commodities; a practice, which no sane people ever
adopted, or ever will adopt. 1 laugh at the idea that, in 1842,
such a theory of revenue will be carried out in practical opera-
ion. However, 1 will not enter now into these tariff questions,
as questions of principle. I desire only to point out, at pre-
sent, the practical working of this new theory of the proposed
abandonment of discriminating duties thus far, in the inci-
pient and not yet completely operative stages of the thing;
the immediate effect of which has been the immense im-
portation of duty-free articles of luxury especially, to the
exhaustion of the floating capital of the country, as well as
the extensive injury of all its productive interests.
Take, for another example, the navigation of the country.
Under the fatal operation of the miscalled reciprocity acts,
the domestic tonnage employed in the foreign trade of the
United States is becoming displaced, to an alarming degree,
to make way for the ships oif other nations to occupy the field.
Thus, it appears by the Treasury tables that, in the period
from 1837 to 1839, the American tonnage employed in our
foreign trade increased from 872,949 tons to 1,299,720 tons, or
in the ratio of 8 to 12 only ; while the foreign tonnage in the
American trade increased from 130,743 tons to 765,703 tons,
or in the ratio of about 8 to 45, that is, nearly four times as
much as the domestic tonnage. This result, derived from
our own Treasury tables, is confirmed by the Treasury ta-
bles of other countries trading with us. Thus, it appears
by those of Great Britain, that, under the operation nf eor
existing commercial arrangements, from 1821 to 1835 the
British tonnage in our trade has increased 860 per cent. and
the American only 77 per cent. How long is this condition
of things to be allowed to go on unchecked ? How long
can it, without most ruinous effects on our commerce'I
I proceed to a still larger class of facts. Take, for a third
example, the great interests of the sea and soil of the Union,-
its agriculture, mines, forest productions, and fisheries, cov-
ering every part of the country, but of especial importance to
the Centre, the South, and the West. While we are afford-
ing so many advantages to foreign countries, throwing open
our ports to their goods and their vessels, how do they serve
us?1 What fortune has the fish and lumber trade of the
East in the British Colonies and elsewhere'! What the
corn, tobacco, cotton, lead, and beef and pork of the Centre,
South, and West, in the ports of Europe? Are they nit in
some absolutely excluded, and in others loaded down to the
earth with oppressive duties, whilst we, with a blindness
amounting to fatuity, admit their productions either under a
light duty, or, what is worse, no duty at all; thus inviting
and encouraging them to do infinite mischief to all our pro-
ductive interests? Something has been attempted by our
Government to remedy this evil ; but not with the energy
which the subject demands. Laudable efforts have been
made to arrange, with several of the European continental
Powers, the exchange of commodities on the true principle
of reciprocal advantage. But why is not the evil struck at
in its principal seat'? Why is not the commerce of France
with the United States placed on a more equal footing for
us? Above all, why not that of Great Britain? We take
from the latter country, for instance, an immense amount of
her productions,-an amount equal to that consumed by the
one hundred and fifty million souls of her own vast foreign
possessions and colonies all over the worlh,-while she re-
ceives freely but one of our great staples, imposes an enor-
mous burden upon most others, and for the chief part abso-
lutely excludes others. We possess ample power to change
this. It is the peculiar felicity of the United States, that,
owing to the extent of the country, its diversity of soil and
climate, and the activity and perfection of its industry and
enterprise, we produce in abundance most of tho necessaries
of life and its objects of material comfort, and can receive


from Elrope little else but objects of manufacture and of
luxury, which are for the most part either producible at
home, or easily dispensed with while Europe, standing in
need, las she does, of our market for her manufactures,
needs yet more the cotton, rice, tobacco, and other commodi-
ties, which we produce for exportation. These are things
which the rest bf the world want, anf4 will hatve. We pos-
sess the power, therefore, to right ourselves in this matter,
and ought to use it. I call on the present Administration,-
I call, in advance, on its successor, to see justice done, in the
markets of Europe, to the great agricultural staples of the
country and the other natural productions of our soil and sea.
Leaving these collateral illustrations of the present condi-
tion of the business interests of the country, and the evils
under which they labor, I recur to the peculiar financial pol-
icy of the Administration, the only distinctive feature it pos-
sesses. What, in this respect, has it done? What does it
profess ? I do not speak to awaken prejudices, or to assail
persons, or their motives, otherwise than as these are con-
nected with, or are inseparable from, their measures. What,
then, is the influence of the Administration upon the indus-
trial interests of the country as evinced byits acts and profes-
sions ? It has but one measure of practical policy, one pro-
ject, onp doctrine. It has had but one. From the message
of September, l84, to thi? hour the Administration, as well
for the present judgment of the People It governs as for the
future judgment of posterity, stands upon its peculiar vjews
of currency, and upon nothing else. What are these views'
And how do they operate 1
The People of the United States demand an equal and
uniform currency for the whole country. It is needful to
them as the vital air. They cannot conduct their business
amid the existing disorders of the currency, the deranged


and dislocated exchanges, the variable and unequal values otI
the paper in which payments have to be made and received.
I will not go back now to discuss the vexed question why the
currency is in this state, and whose fault it is. I take the
question as it now stands, upon the existing facts which stare
us in the face, and cannot be disguised or mistaken. And I
call on the Administration to answer for the policy it applies,
or rather for its refusal to apply any policy, to meet the exist-
ing facts.
Will you tell me that the Administration pursues the course
it does because of the misconduct of the banks, because they
have issued too much paper, or made improvident or injudi-
cious loans? Well, grant that the banks (many of them)
have done wrong. In this I will not defend them. If they
misdemean themselves, they are the creatures of the law, and
are amenable to the poAer of the States to which they be-
long. If they persist in wrong, let the States, which have
the power, apply the fitting discipline; let the despotism of
the Democracy be pointed against them, if you will, and its
thunderbolts hurled at their doomed heads. But what then I
Because the banks do wrong, shall the Federal Government
do wrong also, to spite them ? Shall it neglect its duty to
the People because of the errors of the banks ? Shall it
wreak its fury on the People, in revenge of the wrong which
not they, but the banks, have done? Will these two wrongs
nake a right? Are we, the People of the United States, to
be ground to powder, between the banks on the one side and
the Government on the other, as between the upper and ne-
ther millstone ? Banks will continue to exist, and bank pa-
per to be issued, in one form or another, rave at them as you
may. The President himself concedes this. It is a vain idea
to imagine that the fiscal sch, mes of the Administration have
power to unbank the banks." The business interests of the
country need a paper medium of some kind, and they will
have it; from the United States, if the United States choose
to furnish it, and if not, from the banks or bankers of the
separate States. I call upon the Administration, then, to
cease from its idle clamor against the banks, and to look in-
stead to the sufferings of the People, their rights and their
necessities. Every principle of patriotism, every dictate of
duty, every maxim of policy, imperatively demands this at the
hands of the Government.
Instead of which, what does the Administration propose F
I judge of it, on the doctrines of the President's Message of
1837, which explains his theory, and declares his designs in
reference to this question. In that document, the Ad-
ministration is made to profess a doctrine of the abnegation
of its constitutional power over the currency, the dereliction
of its official duties as the governing authority of the coun-
try, the self-stultification of its own intellect, the voluntary
paralysis of its own moral and physical energies. It pre-
poses, in the hour of the People's need, that the Government
cut loose from the country, and leave the latter to work out
its own salvation as it may. It will make provision for its own
selfish wants by seizing on the specie of the country, or is-
suing Government paper money as it has been doing for
three years to supply itself with a currency,-it will not
raise a finger to relieve the necessities of the People. When
the ship of state is among the breakers, the officers, instead
of devoting themselves to the common fate of their crew and
passengers, and striving with them and for them to save the
whole, would with dastardly haste fly to the boats for escape
from danger, reckless of the fate of the lives and property
committed to their charge, and for which they are respon-
sible to God and to man.
That a grievous evil exists, that the country needs relief,
the Administration does not deny. Nay, the magnitude and
extent of the grievance are the burden of every annual mes-
sage. In the very last, the evils of the present diversity of
the currency, of its inequality of value, of its fluctuation, of
its depreciation, ef its mismanagement by many of the States,
are fully and ably set forth. And, after thus exposing the
grievance, after compelling us to see that the very essence of
the evil is the conflicting and irregular legislation of the sev-
eral States in their separate capacity, does he come to the
natural conclusion that the Federal Government, the com-
mon head of the Union, should interpose! No. On the
contrary, he coolly turns us over to the separate action of the
States,-which separate action is the very source of the evil
Oh, most lame and impotent conclusion! Who imagines
that the twenty-nine States and Territories can or will, by
their separate action in their separate Legislatures, concur in
a remedy? Did they in 1789, when they were but halfth,
number ? Was not the agency of the Federal Government
found at that time to be the only means of relief? The exi
agency, as well as the difficulty of meeting it by separate ac
tion now, is far greater than it was then. There is less oft
patriotism to guide our public councils. The moral force of
the Revolutionary fervor is spent. Many of the States are so
bound up in the existing condition of things, by reason of their
public indebtedness, as well as that of individuals, that they
cannot free themselves if they would ; and a remedy, which
would apply to only a part of the States, which would leave
to the other part its present facilities and temptations to
flood the country with irredeemable bank paper, would be no
remedy at all; for we of the specie-paying States see too
well, that it is the irredeemable paper-money States, which, by
their hard-money professions, and the weight they give to the
professedly hard-money policy of the Administration,-by
professing hard money and practising paper money,-embar-
rass and confound the currency and the business of the entire-
Union. If they would indicate a disposition either to prac-
tise what they profess, or to profess what they practise, there
might be some hope. But, in any present aspect of affairs, it
is madness to expect that the separate States will concur in
the application of a sufficient remedy to the existing evil.
The President clearly exposes this Evil-; he expresses a
sincere wish to have it remedied; in the exposition itself oft
the evil, and of the necessity of removing it, his whole course
of remark leads the mind along to the point that the Federal
Government should exert its powers to this end ; but then,
at this very point, he breaks off, cavalierly recommending us
to look for a remedy to the action of the separate States. ls
this rational? or just? Apply the reasoning to other de-
partments of administration, and see how it will work. Ths
State banks are the existing medium of currency circulation,
just as the State railroads and other roads are, the circulation
of the mails. Suppose the Postmaster General, vexed by the
imperfection of the roads in some parts of the country, and
the consequent obstruction of the mails, or by the misconduct
of contractors, or by the extortionable demands of railroadil
corporations, should say-We, the Government, have had
trouble enough with these vexatious State institutions; we
will not endeavor any longer to keep up, in the midst of all
these embarrassments, a general mail establishment for the
whole country; we will have Government messengers to
carry our own despatches, and you, the People of the twenty-
nine States and Territories, may help yourselves as you can,
and get up post office establishments of your own, or, if you
cannot do that, go without any; it matters not, so that we,
the Government, are able to circulate to and fro our own let-
ters and despatches. Would this be rational or just ? Would
it not be a gross dereliction of duty ? And yet you might as
well throw up the currency powers of the Federal Govern-
ment, as its post office powers; and as welldevolve one upon
the disjointed action of the twenty-nine States and Territo-
ries, as the other.
But graver considerations remain. For awhile, the Ad
ministration rested its currency ideas on this doctrine : That
the Government must, of necessity, provide for its own re-
ceipts and payments; but it was under no obligation, or had
no power, to provide a medium of receipt and payment for the
People of the United States. But, before long, the Admin-
istration, impressed with the force ot the objection that this
was a selfish abandonment of the public interests, a sacrifice
of the People to the Government, began to talk of the inci-
dental advantages of its policy, as justifying it in a public
view, independently of its convenience to the Government.
What, then, are these pretended incidental advantages?
Either the financial phliey of tbe Administration has no in-
cidental advantages, or it has them. If it have none, if it
does nothing for the People, if its benefits begin and end
with the Government, that is one view of the subject, which,
as I have before said, gentlemen are welcome to take, if they
choose. But incidental advantages have been ascribed to
this policy by some of its friends; and the advantages claim
ed are, that it will check the tendency of credit towards un-
due expansion, and a consequent speculative price of things;
that it will give, or tend to give, a specie value to things in-
stead of an inflated (as it is called) paper value; and that it
will reduce, or tend to reduce, the nominal (so called) prices
of things to the real market value of the world. If these be
not the incidental advantages, what are they? Will any
gentleman tell me l I know of none but these; and I will
proceed on the assumption that such is the fact.
It is claimed, then, that the financial policy of the Admin-
istration will diminish, or tend to diminish, the issue and cir-
culation of bank paper, and, in so doing, will reduce, or tend
to reduce, the prices of things, including the cost of produc-
tion. Whether these results are likely, in the long run, to
flow from the policy of the Administration, I will not now
stop to argue. I doubt. I doubt whether the Administration
can, if it would, I doubt whether it will, if it could, bring
about all these results by means of its peculiar scheme. But,
in this as in many other things, it is emphatically true that


The attempt, and not the deed, confound.
What I combat is the anti-credit and anti-industry profes-
sions and projects of the Administration. Their fallacy, as
tested by the principles of political economy, adds the feature
of folly to the policy ; but it does not take away the feature
of contemplated or intended mischief. For I most say that,
between the extravagances in political economy avowed or
practsedl by the suspended banks, and especially the present
United States Bank, on the one hand, and the counter-ex-
travagances of the Administration on the other, a plain think-
ing man like myself, who shall have investigated the doctrines
of political economy in books and the cloistered halls of sci-
ence, or tested them amid the practical lessons that spring up
out of the acts and lives of men in the mart and the forum,
is, I must confess, sorely puzzled to decide which of the two
counter sets of extravagances deserves in the greater degree
to be contemned and condemned.
To have a certain point of departure, therefore, for what
I mean to say next, and thus to be able to keep a reckoning
of my course, I begin with stating some things which I con-
sider as self-evident truths, or at least as the established axioms
of all reasonijpg in the matter,
In the first place, gold and silver are, in the commerce of
Christendem, the measure of the price of other things, not
the representative of the value of those other things. The
friends pf the 4dipinjstratjop, in the speeches and writings
which have met my eye, continually ponfond irhieir two
ideas, and thus mistake the true functipns ofspeeiein trade.
It does not represent property ; it only measures the price of
property. Thus, a yard-stick measures the length of a sin-
gle bale of goods, and so of all the goods in a shop, or in the
world but it does not, in any sense or sort, represent those


goods. And so it is with specie as the measure oftkq money Expetditures more than collections in South
value of property. "* and Southwestern States $957,218
In the second place, though by the common consent of Expenditures moi n th.an,,ilections in West-
Christendom, and by the express provision of our Con- ern States 867,470
stitution, specie be the measure or standard of prices, yet it
is not a fixed standard. On the contrary, being itself pro- $1.824 688
perty, it perpetually fluctuates in price in common with all
other property. It is itself an article of laborious production, Now, Iqeg of gentlemen, if the schemes of the Govern-
and an article of merchandise, of use in the arts as well as in ment be cried out, and the revenues be collected and ex-
the business of exchange; and its market value obeys the pended in specie, and all the revenue on hand be deposited
great law of all other commodities, namely, the relation of in the keeping of sub-treasurers,-I beg of them, in such a
supply to demand. Hence its own rated value is emphati- state of things, to ponder well this table, and then to ask
cally a nominal one for a shilling in New York is not a themselves where the specie on hand will be ? In the South?
shilling in Massachusetts, and still less in England ; and the No; for the collections there do not equal the expenditures,
twenty pieces of silver which in England are called a pound, and the Government has to draw on the Centre and East for
are, in real market value, but a fourth part of a pound, the balance. Of course, the exchanges, so far as the opera-
while in France, it takes seventy or eighty nominal silver lions of the Government are concerned, are to be against the
pounds livese) to make one pound of the market va- South. That is the inevitable result. It is demonstrated
lue of silver. For, in the progress of time, the market value by Mr. Gouge's own tables. The specie on hand will do no
of silver changes as all other things do. All the varieties of good to South Carolina; for it will always be in the city of
property act and react one upon the other. And gold and New York, locked up there in Government vaults, or dealt
silver fluctuate from day to day in the market, by reason of out to such brokers and bankers as the Government may see
their being a part of the property of any given community, and fit to favor. I ask the South whether, for a boon such as
not the representative or even the invariable standard of the that, for such Greek gifts, it will throw itself at the feet ofthe
value of other property; and this, by virtue of the common Administration?
law of supply and demand. And these fluctuations occur These great questions I have touched, merely, rather than
wholly independent of that nominal appreciation of specie in explored in their many important details. My objection to
relation to bank paper, which is, in fact, the depreciation of thepolicyoftheAdministrationis,thatitoppressesorneglects
the latter, and independently, indeed, of all relation to bank the productive energies of the country, and labors to restrict
paper, and in times and countries when and where no such the field for their exercise. 1 would have it to do the reverse
thing as bank paper exists, of this. I would have it abandon its anti-credit and anti-in-
In the third place, the nominal price of a commodity, in a dustry dogmas, and exert itself to establish a system of stable
given country, and its market value, either in that country or currency and credit, and to foster and promote the national
in the markets of the world, are things absolutely distinct, industry.
and dependent on different facts. Thus, it will be conceded Ofthe mode of doing this I will only say this, that the Con-
at once that it matters nothing to me that an article sold tome stitution has clear powers enough for me, and that I have no
in Holland, and worth to me ten dollars, is carried out in the wish to add to those powers, or to augment in any way the
bill at twenty-five guilders. In each case the same weight of authority of the Federal Government. It happens to me to
silver buys the thing, though the numerical figure of price is differ with many of my political associates as to the nature of
higher in one case than the other. And it is equally true the Federal organization of the United States, and to have an
that, if in any given country, owing to the redundancy of pa- exaggerated idea (it may be) ofthe rights of the States correl-
per currency, or its irredeemahility, this paper currency be de- atively to those of the United States. I may err in this, but
preciated ever so much, it is of no consequence to me in I cannot help conceiving that a reliance on the reserved rights
making a purchase in that country: for the article purchase ofthe Statesis necessary for those States which are at the same
ed still has its specie price or measure of value; and the time rich and small. I feel more and more convinced every
nominal or paper price is a mere question of figures, andl day that, to States of this description, such as Massachusetts,
not a question of value. Thus, in Russia, it matters no- with great wealth, but a comparatively small representation
thing to me, it is wholly immaterial, whether I sell a car- here, their rights as individual States are, and must continue
go of sugar and buy a cargo of hemp ant! sail cloth for to be, the sheet.anchor of their salvation. It is my fortune
somany silver roubles, or for twice the number of paper rou- or misfortune also to differ with many of my friends in re-
bles, (if that be the rate of depreciation :) for, in either case, gard to the social organization of the People of the United
it is a matter of account only, not of value. In a word, the States, and the consequent inherent rights and predestined
nominal price is a nominal price all the world over, and no- power of the democracy, and in regard to the future of the
thing but a nominal price any where; and to talk of reducing Republic internally, and its future externally; and on this
the nominal price of a thing in one country to the real price account to be questioned, because of my estimation of the
of other countries, if it be advanced as a scheme of policy, is relative importance of objects by their future and perma-
mere confusion of ideas: for, whatever may be the real price nent, rather than their present and temporary, influence, and
of the thing in the general market is, in most circumstances, character. But we cannot shape our opinions at will. They
the real measure of price in the particular market; and the will be such as the mind works out for itself in its own mnys-
reduction of the nominal (or inflated paper money) price to terious chambers of council, and with the facts it has to act
the real (or specie) price is what the merchant's clerk does on. The world's criticism, whether it be censure or praise,
when he makes out the account current, and does not require it becomes us, therefore, to receive with self-scrutiny and self-
any act of legislation or depth of statesmanship, doubt, to be sure, but with self-possession also, as being the
In the fourth place, by reducing the currency in amount, necessary incident of political life. We have our duty to
or by disturbing the relations of currency and credit, you perform.
may reduce the real prices of things; but in this case the ef- If we shall stand still
feet is produced, not, in general, by any change of the deno- In fear, our motive will be mocked orcarped at.
mination (or nominal value) of the currency, but by imped- We should take rost here where we sit, or sit
ing or stopping the operations of trade, and taking away the State statues only.
demand, which, by its relation to supply, is the great regu- I repeat, then, that, for doing justice to the industrial inte.
lator of price. Specie is not the regulator of price, but only rests of the country in its great staples of agriculture and its
its measure or standard. Demand, in its relation to supply, productions of earth and sea, as well as of manufactured art,
is the true regulator of money value. A superabundance of I have no wish to add to the power and authority of the Fed-
bank issues, or exuberance of credit, by inordinately stimu, eral Government. If I had choice where to amend, it would
rating business, may for a short while exalt prices, by creating be through a movement in the opposite direction, and in that
an excessive and unnatural demand ; but the same specula- organic part where the Constitution labored from the outset,
tive demand, and consequent excess of price, may spring up and gave away in twelve years, namely, the mode of election
in trade under a specie currency as well as under a paper and the tenure of office of the President of the United States.
currency. A redundancy of bank credits is but one among There we need a radical change,- a change truly radical,-a
many of the occasional causes of a speculative mania.lead- change democratic in fact, not democratic of that bastard sort
ing to an unnatural demand for and an exorbitant price of which is now current, and is the mere party trickery ot substi-
the particular subject of speculation, touting 'names for things,-a'change that may lay the axe at
In the fifth place, if, by any act of legislation, or Govern- the root of corruption, and strike down that towering and
ment measure, you can, or do, reduce the market price of do- overgrown height of the Executive, which, combining, as it
mestic property, of the lands, merchandise, or other things does, the attributes of dictator-chief of party and consti-
of value, produced or fixed in your own country, that dues tutional chief of administration, menaces, above aught else,
not affect (except incidentally, and through the relations of the liberties of the Union.
demand) the market price of foreign commodities or property. In demanding of the Federal Government, therefore, an
Now, taking these premises along with us, let us examine, equal currency for the whole of the United States, and equal
arid try to understand and appreciate,the alleged incidental ad- justice to all its productive interests, I want neither greater
vantages of the financial policy of this Administration in re- constitutional powers nor greater impulse of existing pow-
ducing the cost of production in the United States,-which ers. This Government is one of compromise between the
is the only substantive fact left. centrifugal impetus of the States and the centripetal im-
You would reduce the price of every thing to an assumed petus of the Union. Its stability and safety, while the
specie standard. Very well;-that might be a blessing to present organization lasts, is in the balance of the two;
the creditor; but how would it affect the debtor? If a debtor and that balance is now to be tried by the action of a new
owcs 85,000 on a mortgage of property worth now $5,000, series of events and influences. We are, as I have before
what becomes of him if you reduce the value of that property said, in the very crisis of a great change; not of adminis-
one-haltfI Do you not in that way double, in effect, the ration merely, but'of things superior to parties, and which
amount of his debt? And if one of the great evils of the over-rule and control men, by the irresistible force of events.
day is the magnitude of the indebtedness of individuals, is it Our agriculture, our commerce, our manufacture, our cur-
grood policy, does it advance the interests of men, to double rency, are now tossing on the deep sea of this change. Nor
the amount of that indebtedness through a Government mea- is this all. With the same disturbance ofthechiefindustrial
sure which reduces their means of payment to one-half the interests of the country which existed in 1789, we have the
present value ? That operation may be a blessing to the rich corresponding fact of the enormous public debts of the States.
bond holder and mortgagee; butitis curse toevery body else. The great questions, which attach to these facts, are in the
Again: the States of the Union, and the various corpora- minds of all men, and on their lips, too, if not in this House,
tions and public bodies in the United States, are indebted to yet every where else. And in this House they soon will be,
Europe in a vast sum of money, say one hundred and fifty or not separately, but altogether, and complicated, moreover,
two hundred millions of dollars. We are the debtor partly. Is with the great question of the public domain, as well as all
it good policy to strike down the value of the property of the other departments of the public revenue and property. Aind
country, by the prosperous management and condition of in the fact of so many great concurrent interests coming up
which, and thus only, the debtor States are to provide means together, under aspects and relations wholly new, I place my
to discharge their dcbts? hopes of equal and substantial justice to all,-to the South
Again : you would reduce the cost of production. Well, and to the West, not less than to the East. The questions
what is the chief element in the cost of production, and espe- of the last eight years are to pass away. They cannot last.
ciallyof agricultural production? Isit not LASOR? Clearly. With new events come new questions. These it behooves
If, then, as you propose, you reduce the value of my labor, us to meet at once fairly and fully. In the words of one of
in so doing, you not only reduce the means of immediate the best living poets of America, I say
payment for my debts, but you reduce permanently the Let the dead past bury its dead;
amount of my income and my means of subsistence. Will Act,-aet in the living present.
you tell me that in reducing the price of commodities generally, And, in conclusion of the present argument, I observe, I
the price of my labor bears the same relation as before to the have endeavored to show that the prosperity of the United
thingsto be purchased with it? I reply, in the first place, if States requires the just and equal cultivation, by the Federal
it were so, it would be unequal, and therefore unjust; for the Government,ofalltheindustrialinterestsofthe country, solar
capitalist, the fund-holder, and the office-holder with his fix- as these are affected by the fiscal action of the Government.
ed salary, will be the gainers, and the only gainers, by the The spirit of mere party is blind in itself; and each party is
operation. I reply, in the second place, that it is not true blinded still more by the adversary action of the other; and
that the value fall otherthings besideslabor will be changed the country suffers by all this. I would see an Administra-
in the same ratio, and that a less price for labor will thus en- tion that shall lift itself to the level of the destinies of the
able the laborerto buy an equal amount ofthe necessaries and United States, and be inspired with the sentiment of their
conveniences of life, for all things of foreign production will growing greatness. For grow they will, in spite of the tempo-
retain their old price. You may get pork and hominy at the rary excesses of party or the errors of administration. And
reduced price, but how will it be with coffee, tea, manufac- if, as the young giants of the West rise, the relative conse-
tures, and other things from abroad? The process of reduc- quence of the older States hbe diminished, still the Union
tion will not touch the price of things in China, or Cuba, or prospers. Though men and their mutual relations to each
England, or France. It will reach the indigenous productions other change, the country lives on. The position, extent,
of the country, and those only. The rest you must do with- and variety of the resources of the Union render it capable
out, for the price will remain unchanged, while your means of territorial, political, industrial, and intellectual independ-
of payment are gone; and thus, by the reduction of your ence of the whole world, so that it shall be complete and en-
wages, you are absolutely debarred from the purchase anil tire of itself-lotus teres atque rotundus. And the political
enjoyment of one-half the things which use and habit have organization of the United States invites them to the concili-
rendered necessaries of life to you and your family. Would alion of their common interests, and the tree and equal ex-
that be a blessing? change of the objects of their productive industry. And if any
This result of general reasoning is confirmed by facts. In of the benefits of the Union may seem, at times, to be more
Spain, in parts of Italy, mn Turkey, where enterprise and credit for one part of it than for another, still that is for a time
are imperfectly developed, and where the chief circulating me- only, and these benefits are, and should be, common to all,
dium is specie, and where the Government dues are paid in that, though exclusive to the United States as against other nations.
how do the laboring classes live ? Notoriously, upon a bare The nations of Europe are allied by treaties; they recog-
minimum of mere necessaries, and those chiefly the pro nise a common law of nations; they have a community of
duct of their own soil. In their dwellings, their clothing, their civilization, religion, and of mind; and they perpetually act
food, they have only what absolute necessity exacts, and that on each other, by force in tinte of war, intellectually and coin-
of the rudest kind, of domestic growth and household fabri mercially in time of peace; but this action is not a regulated
cation. There are no imported luxuries for them. They one, and therefore not always a just and equal one; for each
live, and that is all. Ie that what the Administration pro- is subject to be the victim of the stronger, and even the
poses for the People of the United States? Is that a condition strongest may be overwhelmed by a mercenary or ambitious
which the Peopleofthe United States desire to sink down to? combination of the others. But, in the United States, the Fe-
For the People of one of the States I can venture to an- deral Constitution, giving to the whole a common head, and
swer, that Massachusetts will never accept such a policy, regulating permanently the relations of all to that common
Take that for certain. She suffers deeply, and will continue head, and to each other, affords assured equality of rights
to suffer, under the idle experiments of the Administration; and a just conciliation of mutual interests to every one of the
sustained, however, by the hope of other rulers and bet- States. Under the auspices of that Cunstitutiun the banner
ter days. And we, in Massachusetts, I assure you, with our of the Republic may float proudly, from the Atlantic to the
frugal habits, and our capacity of adaptation to circumstances, Pacific, over a great nation of sovereign and yet closely asso-
can stand the process of reduction and depletion as long as elated States, living together in perpetual peace, and in rela-
our neighbors. We shall grumble under it, to be sure, tions of industrial and commercial unity and independence,
if the Administration persists, and strive to the uttermost to presenting a spectacle of prosperity and of strength such as
put an end to the experiment; but we have laid by some- the world has never yet seen, provided only they be not driven
thing for a wet day; and turn the screw as tight as you back and obstructed in their career by unwise administration
may, we shall not be the first of the States, by many, which of the Federal Government, as prejudicial to the perma-
the final consummation of starvation wi'l reach. The Gov- nent welfare of the country as to the present interests of the
ernment of our common country may, in its fatuity and its Treasury.
party desperation, shake rudely the' fabric of our industry, _ _
hut not to the ground; though the winds blow and the waves A TEACHEI.-A young lady who is an experienced
beat against the industrial prosperity of New England, it will L teacher wishes to form an engagement. A situation in
fall not- for it is founded on a rock,-ay, on the earth-fast which the higher branches of English literature and the French
rock of Plymouth. Betide what may, we trust in the habits language would be required would be much preferred. There
of industry, enterprise, fruaality,-the love of order, freedom, would he no objection to instruct in Latin.


and country,- which havedescended to us from our Puritan Address DANIEL CUMMING,
fathers. mar 3-w3m 4 Sooth Gay street, Baltimore.
I have a body of documents in illustration of this point, 'CHOOL FUND LOTTIERIES OF It. ISLAND
namely, the operation of the financial policy of the Admrinis- Ulass No. 46-6th Series.
tration upon the several States; but I will produce only one To be drawn Saturday, May 23, 1840.
of them at this time. It seems to be imagined that this po- 1 prize of $30,00o I prize of $1,400
licey is peculiarly favorable to the South. The present con- 1 do 12,000 1 do l,3l0
edition of the banks and currency in the South, as compared 1 do 6,000 1 do 1,200
with that of the banks and currency in the North, might, one do 5,000 I t prizes of 1,100
wouldthink,causeacitizenof theSouthto pause and askhim- 1 do 4,000 100 do (any three) l,(00
self whither this policy of restricted credit and dislocated ex- 1 do 2,600 I56 do (1at & 2d) 500
&c. dre. &c.
changes tends. But 1 have before me a striking class of Whole tickets, $l&-Shares in propornion.
facts, hearing on this, to produce. And it comes to me with Certificates of packages of 22 whole tickets, $8160
the credit of a good name for such matters ) for I find it in Do do of 22 halves 80
the notorious pamphlet of that writer who is the chief andau- Do do of 22 quarters 40
thoritative advocate of the policy. Mr. Gouge appends to his Do do of 22 eighths 20
pamphlet a set of elaborately prepared tables of the collections Class No. 52-6th Series.
and expenditures of the Government, to show the operation To be drawn Saturday, May 30, 1840.
of his Treasury scheme. The year assumed is 1834, as an prize of 830,000 1 prize of $3,000
example. The tablesconclude with the following summary, do 10,000 20 prizes of 1,000
to which I beg the attention of gentlemen from the South; 1 do 6,000 40 do 300
The whole expenditures of appropriations for I doI e,000 &. &c. &c.
1834- .. $21293,200 Whole Tickets $10- Shares in proportion.
The whole collection, in 1834- 20,624,717 Certificates of packages of 24 wholes $100
Do do of 24 halves 50
Expenditures less than collections in Eastern Do do of 24 quarters 25
States 8,908 Do do of 24 eighths 12 50
Expenditures less than collections in Middle Fr tickets or shares or certificates of packages in the above,
States 1,127,297 address or apply to
1 2 ay J. PHALEN & CO. Managers,
1156,205 may 12-2aw3wddScif Penn. Avenue, near 44 street,


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TWENTY-SIXTH CONGRESS.
FIRST SESSION.

MONDAY, MAY 18, 1840.

SIN SENATE.
The following memorials and petitions were presented and
referred:
By Mr. WRIGHT: A remonstrance, signed by a large
number of merchants of the city of New York, against the
passage of the bill for the better collection of the revenue.
By Mr. CALHOUN: From Major Thomas Farrar,of
the Revolution, asking a pension.
By Mr. WALKER: From the President of the Grand
Gulf Railroad and Banking Company, asking a remission of
the duty on railroad iron.
Also, from citizens of Franklin county, Mississippi, asking
the passage of a uniform bankrupt law.
By Mr. KING: From the Alabama and New Orleans
Railroad Company, asking an extension of the time for the
payment of bonds given on railroad iron.
Also, from the Charge d'Affaires at Netheilands, asking
to be paid for duty performed prior to his commission as
Charge.
By Mr. TALLMADGE: From citizens of Livingston
county, New York, asking the release of Win. Lyon Mac-
kenzie.
By the CHAIR: A communication from the Secretary of
the Navy, in relation to boarding pistols and rifles invented
by Samuel Colt.
REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES.
By Mr. DAVIS, from the Committee on Commerce: An
adverse report on the claim of Frith, Smith & Co.
Alo, a report in relation to lenticular lights in light-houses.
By Mr. PRESTON, from the Committee on Military
Affairs: A joint resolution making compensation to the State
of Kentucky for arms furnished the United States during the
late war.
By Mr. KING, from the Committee on Commerce: A
bill for the establishment of ports of entry in the States of
Missouri and Arkansas, and to allow drawback in certain
cases.
Also, asking to be discharged from the further considera-
tion of the petition of David E. Brocket.
Also, to be discharged from all the various memorials in
relation to the new custom-house in Philadelphia.
By Mr. WALKER, from the Committee on the Public
Lands : The bill to confirm the survey and location of aims
for lands in the State of Mississippi east of Pearl river and
south of the 31st degree of north latitude, without amendment.
By Mr. STRANGE, from the Committee on the Judi-
ciary, to which had been referred the bill for the relief of
Thomas L. Winthrop and others, an elaborate report setting
forth all the facts; which was ordered to be printed.
By Mr. WHITE, from the Committee on Pensions: A
bill for the relief of Win. Rand.
By Mr. ROBINSON, from the Committee on the Post
Office and Post Roads: The bill for the relief of Avery, Salt-
marsh & Co., with an amendment.
SYSTEM OF BANKRUPTCY.
The Senate resumed the consideration of the bill to estab-
lish a uniform system of bankruptcy throughout the United
States; the question being on Mr. WALL'S substitute for the
bill-
Mr. WEBSTER having remarked that he should confine
himself to replying to the various objections brought against
the original bill, and to advocating the passage of that bill, pro-
ceeded at large to make the minute analysis and nice distinc-
tions of the subject which the accomplishment of this purpose
now especially required. He concluded with an emphatic
appeal to Senators to pass this measure as one of imperative
duty and of unquestioned humanity and mercy, undefiled,
uncontaminated, unmixed with any thing of party or of
politics.
[His remarks in full will be published as soon as the Re-
porter can prepare them ]
Mr. STRANGE having expressed a desire to speak some-
what at large, as a member of the committee-
The subject was passed, informally, and after a short Exe-
cutive session,
The Senate adjourned.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Mr. ATHERTON moved a suspension of the rule for
the purpose of enabling him to submit a motion that the
House resolve itself into Committee of the Whole on the
state of the Union on the bill commonly known as the
sub-Treasury bill.
Mr. CUSHING objected.
Mr. LINCOLN asked the yeas and nays, which were
ordered.
Mr. EVANS (the House being very thin) moved a call
of the House, on which motion the yeas and nays were
ordered, and being taken, were-Yeas 86, nays 48. So the
call was ordered.
The Clerk then called the roll, and 162 members an-
swered to their names.
After some further progress in the call, all further pro-
ceedings, on motion of Mr. LEET, were suspended.
And the question then recurred and was taken on the
motion that the rules be suspended for the purpose of going
into committee on the sub-Treasury bill, and was decided
in the negative: Yeas 106, nays 77, (not two-thirds.)
So the rules were not suspended.
Mr. BIDDLE, when his name was called, asked leave
to put a question to the mover of the resolution, (Mr. ATHa-
ERTON.) It was known that there were several appropria-
tion bills of great urgency yet untouched, amongst others
the Naval bills, for want of which great inconvenience was
alleged to have been already sustained. The apprehen-
sion with many was, that if this debate should now spring
up, it would be prematurely arrested, on the pretext that
the public service was prejudiced by the delay to pass the
bills referred to. Would the gentleman give an assurance
that no such attempt would be made. If so, he (Mr. B.)
would vote to suspend.
The SPEAKER said the question could only be put by
general consent.
Objection being made, Mr. BIDDLE then voted in the ne-
gative.
Mr. ATHERTON then moved a suspension of the rules
to enable him to offer a resolution that the House would,
at 12 o'clock to-morrow, go into Committee of the Whole
on the state of the Union on the sub-Treasury bill, and at
the same hour on each succeeding day until disposed of,
anil that the bill should take precedence over all other
business.
Mr. A. asked the yeas and nays, which were ordered,
and being taken, were-Yeas 105, nays 79, (not two-thirds.)
So the rules were not suspended.
Mr. MONROE moved to suspend the rules for the pur-
pose of offering the following resolution:
Resolved, That this House will, to-morrow at 12 o'clock, go
into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, and take
up tlie several appropriation bills reported from the Committee of
Ways and Means, in the order that said Committee of Ways and
Means may prefer; and after said appropriation bills shall be dis-
posed of, then to take up the Independent Treasury bill; and this
order shall remain until all said bills are disposed of, except Fri-
days and Saturdays, which shall, as under the rules of the House,
be devoted to private bills.
This motion gave rise to some conversation and motions,
when Mr. M. withdrew it, giving notice of his intention
to renew it to-morrow.
This day, under the rules, was set apart for the reception
nf resolutions, but, on motion of Mr. PETR1KIN, the rules
were suspended for the purpose of calling the States and
Territories for petitions.
The SPEAKER then proceeded in the call of the States,
commencing where it had been suspended on the last pe-
tition day.
Petitions and memorials were then presented, as follows:
From Massachusetts, by Messrs. ADAMS, BRIGGS,
REED, BAKER, PARMENTER, SALTONSTALL,
WILLIAMS, CUSHING, and CALHOUN.
From Rhode Island,. by Mr. TILLINGHAST.
From Connecticut, by Messrs. OSBORNE and TRUM-
BULL.
From Vermont, by Messrs. HALL, SLADE, and
FLETCHER.
From New York, by Messrs. HAND, STRONG,
PRENTISS, BROWN, WAGENER, VANDERPOEL,
BREWSTER, DANA, LEONARD, MONTANYA,
ALLEN, JACKSON, FLOYD, MALLORY, CUR-
TIS, BARNARD, JONES, HOFFMAN, FILLMORE,
HUNT, MORGAN, GATES, KEMBLE, CHITTEN-
DEN, GRINNELL, MONROE, FINE, PALEN, and
ROGERS.
From New Jersey, by Mr. RANDOLPH.
Mr. RANDOLPH presented a petition from citizens of
New Jersey, praying for the distribution of the nett proceeds
of the sales of the public lands, and moved its reference to
the Committee on Public Lands, with instructions to report
a bill in accordance therewith.


In reply to an inquiry from Mr. R. the SPEAKER decided
that the motion, if it gave rise to debate, must lie over; but
that it would be in order to move the previous question now-
this having been done in former cases.
Mr. RANDOLPH moved the previous question.
Mi. PETRIKIN moved to lay the whole subject on the
table.
Mr. RANDOLPH asked the yeas and nays, which were
ordered.
Mr. LEWIS moved a call of the House, and asked the
yeas and nays, which were ordered, and, being taken, were
yeas 37, nays 108.
So the call was not ordered.
And the question then recurred on the motion to lay the
whole subject on the table, and was decided as follows:
YEAS-Messrs. Judson Allen, Hugh J. Anderson, Atherton,
Banks, Beatty, Beirne, Blackwell, Burke, S. H. Butler, W. 0.
Butler, Carr, Carroll, Casey, Chapman, Clifford, Coles, M. A.
Cooper, Crary, Cross, Dana, D)avee, John Davis, J. W. Davis,
Doan, Doig, Droingoole, Duncan, Earl, Eastmnan, Fine, Fisher,
Pletcher, Floyd, Fornance, Galbraith, Gerry, Habersham, Ham-
mond, Hand, John Hastings, Hawkins, John Hill, of N. Carolina,
Holleman, Hubbard, Jackson, Jameson, Cave Johnson, N. Jones,
Keim, Kille, Leadbetter, Lewis, Lucas, McClellan, McCulloh,
McKay, Mallory, Marchand, Miller, Montanya, S. W. Morris,
Newhard, Nisbet, Parish, Parris, Paynter, Petrikin, Prentiss,
Ramsey, Reynolds, E. Rogers, Shaw, Shepard, A. Smith, John
Smith, Thos. Smith, Starkweather, Steenrod, Strong, Sweeny,
Turney, Vroonm, Watterson, Weller, J. W. Williams, Worthing-
$O--89.


SNAYS-Mests0.. W. Allen, Andrews, Baker, Briggs, Brock-
way, Anson Brown, Calhoun, W. B. Campbell, Carter, Chinn,
Chittenden, E. Davies, G. Davis, Dawson, Deberry, Dennis, Dil-
lett, Edwards, Evans, Rice Garland, Gates, Gentry, Giddings,
Gnggin, Goode, Green, Hall, William S. Hastings, Hawes,
Henry, Hunt, James, Charles Johnston, Lincoln, Montgomery
Morgan, Ogle, Osborne, Peck, Pope, Proffit, Randolph, Rariden
Rayner, Ridgway, Robinson, Russell, Sergeant, Simonton, Stanlyv,
Stuart, Taliaferro, Tillinghast, Toland, Triplett, E. D. White, J.
White, Lewis Williams, Joseph L. Williams, Chr. H. Williams,
Wise-61.
So the whole subject was laid on the table.
Petitions and memorials were further presented from New
Jersey by Mr. VROOM.
From Pennsylvania, by Messrs. PETRIKIN and JAMES.
Mr. JAMES presented certain petitions, which he stated
he knew came within the rule heretofore adopted by the
House, but asked a suspension thereof for the purpose of en-
abling him to present them.
Mr. LEWIS asked the yeas and nays, which were or
dered.
Mr. WISE moved to lay the motion to suspend the rule
on the table.
Mr. HUBBARD called for the yeas and nays on that
motion.
Mr. JAMES then withdrew his motion to suspend the
rule.
Petitions and memorials were further presented from Penn-
sylvania by Messrs. LEET, RAMSEY, TOLAND,
HENRY, EDWARDS, McCULLOH, MARCHAND,
PAYNTER, OGLE, NEWHARD, HAMMOND, FOR-
NANCE and SERGEANT.
Mr. LEET, of Pennsylvania, said he had received and
was requested to present a memorial adopted at a large and
respectable meeting of citizens of the Territory of Wiskon-
sin, held at Green Bay on the 12th of February last. This
memorial, said Mr. L. requests Congress to make appropria-
tions in aid of the improvement of the navigation of the Fox
and Wiskonsin rivers, as also the military road from Fort
Howard to Fort Crawford; which appropriations, it is sug-
gested, shall be expended under the direction of the War
Department. The memorialists also pray that a part of en-
try be established at the town of Green Bay. Mr. LEET
moved that the memorial be referred to the Committee on the
Territories, which was agreed to.
And it being now half past 2 o'clock, the House, in execu-
tion of a resolution of Saturday, took a recess until 4 o'clock.

EVENING SESSION.
At four o'clock the House proceeded with the unfinished
business of the day, being the reception of petitions, which
were further presented-
From Pennsylvania, by Messrs. SERGEANT, BEAT-
TY, MORRIS, and McCULLOH.
From Delaware, by Mr. ROBINSON.
From Maryland, by Messrs. CARROLL and DENNIS.
From Virginia, by Messrs.COLES, TALIAFERRO, and
the SPEAKER.
From North Carolina, by Mr. SHEPARD.
From South Carolina, by Mr. HOLMES; [and, on leave,
Mr. CAMPBELL presented a resolution of inquiry as to a
post route; adopted.J
From Georgia, by Mr. WARREN.
From Kentucky, by Messrs. BUTLER and DAVIS, (on
behalf of himself and colleague, Mr. ANDERSON,) and Mr.
ANDREWS.
[Mr. ANDREWS moved that the further consideration
of the motion made by him on Saturday last, to reconsider
the vote by which the Housq had determined to take a daily
recess, be postponed until Thursday.
Mr. A. said his object was to move a resolution providing
that the House would meet at 10 and remain in session until
4P.M.
And the motion to postpone was agreed to.]
From Tennessee, by Messrs. BLACKWELL, CAVE
JOHNSON, and C. H. WILLIAMS.
From Ohio, by Messrs. STARKWEATHER, GID-
DINGS, DOIG, RIDGWAY, ALLEN, GOODE,
SWEENY and SWEARINGEN.
[Mr. GIDDINGS presented certain petitions coming with-
in the order of the House of 28th January, and asked a sus-
pension of the rule to enable him to present the same.
Mr. M. A. COOPER asked the yeas and nays; which
were ordered.
Mr. R. GARLAND moved to lay the motion to suspend
on the table; which motion was agreed to.]
From Louisiana, by Messrs. RICE GARLAND and
CHINN.
From Indiana, by Messrs. RARIDEN and DAVIS.
Mr. DAVIS presented certain Joint Resolutions from the
Legislature of Indiana, on the subject of the continuation of
the Cumberland road, and, moved their reference to the Com-
mittee of Ways and Means with instructions to report a bill
for the continuation of said road through the States of Ohio,
Indiana, and Illinois.
Mr. D. moved the previous question on the instructions.
Mr. BANKS moved to lay the subject on the table.
On which motion the yeas and nays were asked, and or-
dered; and, being taken, were-Yeas 63, nays 78.
So the motion to lay on the table was rejected.
And the question recurring on the demand far the previous
question-
Mr. HUBBARD moved a call of the House, and asked
the yeas and nays, which were ordered, and, being taken,
were-Yeas 55, nays 82.
So the call was not ordered.
And the question again recurring on seconding the demand
for the previous question, it was decided in the affirmative-
Ayes 77, noes 60.
So there was a second.
And the question then being, Shall the main question be
now taken !"
Mr. WISE asked the yeas and nays, which were ordered.
Mr. THOMPSON, of Mississippi, moved that the HMuse
adjourn.
Mr. WELLER asked the yeas and nays, which were re-
fused.
And the question having been taken and decided, by ayes
74, noes 51, in the affirmative-
The House adjourned.


WASHINGTON.
"Liberty and Union, now and forever, one aad
Inseparable."

TUESDAY, MAY 19, 1840.

We are now enabled to inform our readers that
JOHN M. NILES, of Connecticut, has been appoint-
ed by the President of the United States, with
the advice and consent of the Senate, to be Post-
master General of the United States, vice AMps
KENDALL, resigned.
We learn, further, that CHURCHILL C. CAMBRE-
LENG, of New York, has been nominated by the
Pre-ident of the United States to the Senate as
MinisterPlenipotentiary to the Court of St. Peters-
burg.

Those who are interested in the subject will
find in the Remarks of Mr. TRIPLETT, the Rep-
resentative in Congress from Kentucky, which
we publish to-day, some valuable information and
suggestions concerning the Tobacco culture and
trade.

The Earl of MULORAVE (son of the Marquis of
NORMANBY) arrived in the city on Sunday last, the
bearer of despatches to the British Minister.

EDITORS' CORRESPONDENCE.

CINCINNATI, MaY 12.
I see in the speech of Senator GRUNDY, in the
Baltimore Convention, a quasi appeal to the Post-
master of Cincinnati, who was there, in which he
insinuates that a committee or committees here
go to the post office, receive, and open the letters
of Gen. HARRISON, and the Postmaster, now in
Washington in pursuit of a re-appointment, re-
mained quiet during this appeal. The statement,
if it be intended for one, is not only false, but has
not even a shadow of truth to stand upon, and if
not known to be false by the promulgator of it,
was well known to be so by him who was com-
pelled by his humiliating position to receive the
appeal in silence.
The abandonment of Col. R. M. JOHNSON by
this Baltimore Convention, to inure to the sole
benefit of Mr. VAN BUREN, will not be forgotten
nor forgiven by his political friends in Ohio, In-
diana, Kentucky, and Illinois. The news has
created not a tumultuous, but yet a profound sen-
sation in the West, and it marks so clearly the
calculating and cool-blooded policy of sacrificing
both subalterns and soldiers for the life of the
chief, that the injury and insult will be avenged.
The reiterated and prolonged personal warfare
the Van Buren party is waging upon Gen. HAR-
RISON is developing a feeling in the West, of
which you can have no idea from description ; and
this insult now put by the New York Regency
and others upon a gallant fellow-soldier of Gen.
HARRISON at the Thames will but add to this feel-
ing. The corrupt and ruinous measures of the
Administration unquestionably have a powerful
effect upon all thinking men; but the People are
rallying rapidly now upon new and more exciting
issues-that of the last war, and the battles they
fought in it-whether they were well or ill done.
You well know that in the West, the leading and
most eminent men of Kentucky, Western Penn-
sylvania, Ohio, and Indiana, were under General
HARRISON as volunteer soldiers; and when Tippe-
canoe, Fort Meigs, and the Thames are attacked
through Gen. HARRISON, the thousands of volun-
teers who served under him, and whom he always
attached to him as personal friends, feel as if they
were attacked too, and they make it a personal
question.
It does seem to me, looking calmly at things
here, that the People are volunteering here now,
in this Presidential campaign, just as if they were
toa ,ir',, Os.off Pntr anti T,.emu m.5U i n k fha-u .mis


-"-* *,-v Ut- u n JL IUI on:.1rotor ant i liecumin i agaiU-If lrlt
Among the petitions above referred toas having been pre- enthusiasm is similar, and the rush of the masses
sented during the day, the following have been brought to
the special notice of the Reporter: is similar. There is to be, for an example, a con-
By Mr. CURTIS : Joint Resolutions of the Legislature of the vention on the battle ground of Tippecanoe, or
State of New York, against the sub-Treasury bill. the 29th, and people are preparing their .tents
Remonstrance ofa great number of the merchants of the city of
New York, and others engaged in navigation, against a repeal of their camp equipage, their forage, their camp
the act of Congress of March, 1837, by which the monopoly ani
combination of the Pilots of the city of New York was broken up. kettles, &c., just as they did when they rallied
Remonstrance ofa great number of ship-mastars, frequenting under Harlison at the call of Meigs and Shelby
the port of New York, to the same effect.
Remonstrance of the Chamber of Commerce of the city of New in the last war. Thousands upon thousands will
York, to the like effect. be on this battle ground on the 29th, and it will
Remonstrance of the Port Wardens of the city of New York, to be t te ground on the 9th, and t ll
the like effect,. be the greatest scene ever witnessed in the West.
Resolutions of the Legislature of the State of New York, re- I do not like to use language too strong abou
commending a separation of the proceeds of the public lands from do no lke to us guage too trong abou
the general revenue, and an equal distribution thereof among the elections, for they are so often uncertain, but I
several States "according to their usual and respective proper-
tions in the general charge and expenditure." can say with safety now, that Mr. VAN BVREN
Memorial of Win. A. Griswold, President of the Champlai, might just as well attempt to dam up Niagara as
Transportation Company, and of John Griffiths and others, owners
of steamboats, in relation to the 6xi i.-,; steamboat laws, and tothe to stop this Niagara of Harrisonisin in the West.
proposed change or amendment ..i iih...- laws. O I.
Petitions of Phoebe Burrill and of Hannahi Strong, both praying Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois are as certain for him as
for pensions. the Mississippi is to run down stream, and Mis-
Petition of Hannah Brooks for a pension.
Memorial of Harper & Brothers, printers, in the city of New sourni is going to be one of the hardest fought
York, praying Congress to make provision by law for the pur- fields in the Union.
chase and distribution to the militia offices of the several States, en._____________
of copies of the several books upon military tactics, prepared by
Major General Winfield Scott. :1- Within a few days past the following additions have
By Mr. OGLE : Sundry additional papers in support of the been made to the Standing Committees of the House of Rep-
claim of Robert Graham, of Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, resentalives:
to a tract of land in Illinois; which were referred to thie Commit- Comitee of Elections.-Of this committee, Mr. RAN-
tee on Private Land Claims. Committee o Elections.-Of this committee, Mr. RAN
Also, the petition ofLieut. Peter Huston, an officer inthe North- DALL, of Masine, has been appointed a member, vice Mr.
western army during the late war, for a pension. CRABB, excused.
Also, the petition of William Slicke, of Bedford county, Penn- Committee on Military Affairs.-Of this committee, Mr.
sylvania, a soldier of the Revolution, for a pension. BUTLER, of Kentucky, has been appointed a member, vice
Also, the petition of Samuel D. Rose, in relation to money sto- Mr. CAVE JOHNSON, excused. [By this resignation, (Mr.
len from the United States mail, and now in possession of the Post JOHNSON having been chairman of the committee,) Gen.
Office Department. THOMPSON, of South Carolina, whose name stood next to
Also, the petition of George Williams, ofCrawford county, Ohio, that of Mr. JOHNSON on the committee list, has become chair-
a descendant of Capt. Isaac Williams, Jr. deceased, for relief by man of the committee.]
the grant of a tract of land. Committee on the Public Lands.-Mr. MASON, of Ohio,
Also, a memorial of the citizens of Green Bay, Wiskonsin terri- has been appointed a member of this committee, vice Mr.
tory, praying an appropriation in aid of the improvement of the
navigation of the Fox and Wiskonsin rivers, and also for the im- ComRWIN, excused.
provement of the military road from Fort Howard to Fort Crawford. ST. AUGUSTImNE, MAY 8.
Also, a memorial and remonstrance of sundry citizens of Bed- MINY T PLATA-During the last week the highest
fordoiay.Pnnslvaia~gai~themplymetofioo honds MtJTtNY AT P/IATKA.--During the last week the highest
infordie Florityda Pennsylvania, againstthe employmentofbloodhoundsoffence known to military law occurred at Pilatka. It ap-
in mime Florida war. fec n
Also, the petition of sundry citizens of Bedfoid county, Penn- pears that the commanding officer of the post, Brevet Major
sylvania, praying for a revisal of the revenue laws. ASHBY, was absent, and the command devolved on Lieut.
Also, the memorial and remonstrance of the corporation of the MERRILL. Some order was issued to a non-commissioned
sity of Washington, relative to the surrender to the State of Mary- officer respecting the removal of prisoners, who peremptorily
land of the stock of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company, refused to carry it out. The Company was ordered to pa-
belonging to the United States and the cities of Washington, rade, and this they refused-Lieut. Merrill at the same time
Georgetown, and Alexandria. being subjected to personal violence. Dr. HITCHCOCK sue-.
Mr. 0. asked leave to take from the files of the House sundry needed in knocking down several of the mutineers, andsome-
petitions and memorials praying for aid to the western section of thing like order was restored, although not before a carbine
the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal; and that the same be referred was levelled at the Doctor, and missed fire. An offence of
to the Committee on Roads and Canals. a eell tteD t01aD 'se1tm & ofc f
to the Committee on Roads and Canals this character we believe perfectly anomalous in the history
By Mr. HAND: The petition of Joseph Ellery, for a pension, of the war. Isolated cases ofdisobedience and mutiny have
Referred to the Committee on Invalid Pensions. occurred ; but for a whole company to be affected with a sa-
Of Stephen Howard, a Revolutionary soldier, for a grant of ule sr o or ato i ae emrae
land. Referred to the Committee on Private Land Claims. multaneous spirit of insubordination is truly remarkable.
Of Alexander Ferriole and others, praying for indemni.y fr The interests of the service require, in this matter, theclosest
losses in the Revolutionary war. Referred to the Committee on scrutiny; such as will develop the causes which have prompt-
Revolutionary Claims, ed this violation of military law, and strike by the terror of its
Of Jeremiah McCreedy, praying for reimbursement ofmoneys punishment the repetition of an act subversive of all disci-
advanced to two companies of United States troops during the last line and command. In an examination there may be a de-
war. Referred to the Committee of Claims. velopment assigning, at least, the motive influencing men to
Of John Clark, for a pension. Referred to the Committee on such a violation of duty. Should it be found that there is an
Revolutionary Pensions, exercise of authority inconsistent with law, and an abuse of
Of children of Joseph Plumb, for arrears of pension. Referred power irreconcilable with the security of life or limb-that
to the Commttiee on Revolutionary Pensions.'-i 1-1 "*
to the Committee on Revolutionary Pensions, the generous feelingwof the soldier are trodden down into
Of children of Mary Addoms, forarrears of pension. Referred the dust, and he subjected to blows and stripes, as it may
to the Committee on Revolutionary Pensions. t wl-e lt t l b re ft a
Also, on his motion, the papers of Squire Ferris were referred suit the arbitrary will-then let the evil be bared forth, and
to the Committee on Revolutionary Pensions. its remedy be applied by immediate change. This act of mu-
By Mr. OSBORNE: The memorial of citizens of Wes tiny is a severe offence, and we do trust that the supremacy
By Mr. OSBORNE: The memorial of citizens of Westport, of the law will he maintained.--News.
Connecticut, praying for the passage of a bank upt law. Referred te law wl e tained.-ew.
to the Committee on the Judiciary.
Also, the petition of Julia F. Gibbs, praying for a pension. Re- On Sunday morning the large flouring mill, the property
ferred to the Committee on Revolutionary Pensions. of Mr. NATHAN TYSON, situated about three miles from the
By Mr. P. J. WAGNER : Resolutions of the New York Le- city of Baltimore, on the Falls road, was completely destroy-
gislature, recommending the passage of a bankrupt law. ed by fire. The fire was communicated from one of the
Like resolutions, insisting that the public lands belong in corn- kilns by accident, and before the services of the city firemen,
mon to all the States, who went out with their apparatus, could be made effectual,
Like resolutions, consenting to the construction of a ship canal the building was consumed, and but little of its contents
around Niagara Falls, by the Government of the United States. saved,


TERRIBLE TORNADO AT NATCHEZ.
DREADFUL LOSS OF LIVES, &c.

We learn from the New Orleans papers that the
devoted city of Natchez has been visited with a
most awful and distressing calamity. On Friday,
the 8th inst. about two o'clock P. M. a dark cloud
made its appearance in the southwest, preceded
by a loud and continued roaring of the winds. As
it came on swiftly and with the speed of the wind,
it was met by another, which was wafted directly
from the opposite point of the compass. At the
moment of the concussion large masses of seem-
ing white spray were precipitated to the earth, fol-
lowed by a terrible roaring of the wind. Houses
were dismantled of their roofs, and then almost immediately
levelled with the earth. The air was filled with bricks and
large pieces of timber; even large ox-carts were uplifted and
thrown hundreds of yards from their original position. About
sixty flat boats lying in port were driven from the shore and
sunk. The ferry-boat plying between Natchez and the op-
posite shore was capsized and sunk-every one on board is
supposed to have perished. The steamboat Hinds was cap-
sized and sunk-all on board lost. The steamboat Prairie
had her cabin entirely taken off-nearly all on board lost.
The two hotels in the city, one partially and the other entire-
ly to the ground-almost every house near was more or less
injured. It is impossible to tell how many were killed, as the
streets were filled with large pieces of timber, rendering them
impassable, and the work of extracting the bodies from the
fallen houses was not completed when the Vicksburg left.
Some fifteen or twenty bodies had been found. It was very
difficult to find a landing, as every house under the hill except
five or six was blown down, and the river filled with floating
fragments of houses and flatboats.

PROM THE NATCHEZ COURIER, MAY 9.
HORRIBLE STORM!-NATCHEZ IN RUINS!
Our devoted city is in ruins, and we have not a heart of
stone, to detail, while the dead remain unburied and the
wounded groan for help. Yesterday, at one o'clock, while all
was peace, and most of our population were at the dining ta-
ble, a storm burst upon our city and raged for half an hour
with most destructive and dreadful power. We look around
and see Natchez-yesterday lovely and cheerful Natchez-in
ruins, and hundreds of our citizens without a shelter or a pil-
low. Genius cannot imagine, poetry itself cannot fill up a
picture that would match the ruin and distress that every
where meets the eye.
Under the Hill presents a scene of desolation and ruin
which sickens the heart and beggars description-all, all is
swept away, and beneath the ruins still lay crushed the bodies of
many strangers. It would fill volumes to depict the many
escapes and heatt-rending scenes; one of the most interesting
was the rescue of Mrs. Alexander from the ruins of the Steam-
boat Hotel ; she was found greatly injured, with two children
in her arms, and they both dead!
The destruction of flat boats is immense; at least sixty
were tossed for a moment on a raging river, and then sunk,
drowning most of their crews! The best informed produce
dealers estimate the number of lives lost by the sinking offlat
boats at two hundred.
No calculation can be made of the amount of money and
produce swallowed up by the river. The steamboat Hinds,
with most of her crew, went to the bottom, and the Prairie,
from St. Louis, was so much wrecked as to be unfit for use.
The steamer St. Lawrence, at the upper cotton press, is a
total wreck.
There is no telling how wide-spread has been the ruin. Re-
ports havecome in from plantations twenty milesdistant in Lou-
isiana, and the rage of the tempest was terrible. Hundreds of
negroes killed, dwellings swept like chaff'from their foundations,
the forest uprooted, and the crops beaten down and destroyed.
Never, never, never was there such desolation and ruin.
We cannot even attempt a description of the mangled con-
dition of Natchez. Hundreds of houses, yesterday on firm
foundations, and the abode of comfort and beauty, now choke
up our streets with mingled materials, in a state of utter de-
struction.
We can do nothing to-day but bury the dead and bind up
the wounds of those yet struggling for life. A list of the dead
and wounded will be given so soon as we can procure it com-
plete.
The court-house at Vidalia, Parish Concordia, is low with
the earth, and the jail next to it badly shattered. It is pain-
ful to report the death of Judge KEETON, who was dug from
the ruins of the court-house horribly mangled ; he was the
only person in the building at the time.
The Sheriff of Adams county, and the Marshals for this
district, have suspended all business for the present.
If ever a community deserved the sympathy of the coun-
try, and the bounty of the Government, it is desolated, ruined
Natchez.

FROM ARKANSAS.
Little Rock newspapers have been received at New Or-
leans, by way of the river, to the 4th instant. The Arkan-
sas river was higher than it had been for many years. Not a
day had passed for two weeks without rain. The Times
says all creeks in the vicinity are converted into formidable
rivers, and the river itself is swollen to a vast ocean, having
overflowed its banks six miles below, and completely inunda-
ted the surrounding country, threatening much damage on
the bottom lands. MICHAEL. J. STOCK, late co-editor of the
Times, was drowned on the 23, while generously essaying
to help a friend across Town Branch.
The report continues of high water above in all the streams.
About Lake Providence, many of the plantations are said to
be overflowed.

Sir ROBERT SEPPINGS, the distinguished naval architect of
England, from whose models many ofthe English vessels have
of late years been constructed, died at Taunton, England,
on the 25th ultimo, aged seventy-two years. His improve
ments in shipbuilding were numerous and important, and
his exertions on several occasions were honored with the
marked approval of both Houses of Parliament. The Roy-
al Society and the Royal Society of Arts both awarded him
their gold medals ; and several foreign diplomas were from
time to time conferred upon him.

MARRIAGE.
On Thursday evening, 14th inst. by the Rev. Mr. DANA,
J. MURRAY FORBES, Esq. of Falmouth, Virginia to
Miss MARY ELIZABETH SEMMES, daughter of the
late Doctor THOMAS SEMMES, of Alexandria, D. C.

DEATH.
At his late residence, in Princeton, N. J. on Tuesday, the
12th instant, at the age of 73 years, SAMUEL BAYARD,
Esq. Mr. BAYARD was a sincere and ardent friend to the
various benevolent and Christian enterprises of our day, and
more especially to the Bible cause. At the time of his death
he was a Vice President of the American Bible Society, in
the formation of which he took an active part.


THE WHIG YOUNG MEN'S COMMITTEE OF FORTY-ONE will
meet at the Perseverance Fire Company's Saloon on Tues-
day, 19th May, at 4 o'clock P. M. to confer with the Com-
mittee of Seventy-six upon the subjects as stated in the sub-
joined resolution of said committee. N. YOUNG.

Whereas, by a resolution passed on the 4th May, 1840, by
the National Convention of Whig Young Men at the city of
Baltimore, the REPUBLIt.CAN COMMITTEE OP SEVENTY-SIX and
the COMMITTEE OF YOUNG MEN Op FORTY-ONE for the Dis-
trict of Columbia were constituted and declared to be a
"Central Democratic Tippecanoe Club of the Union," to cor-
respond with the several State committees or clubs upon all
matters necessary to promote the election of WM. HENRY
HARRISON as President, and JOHN TYLER as Vice President,
of the United States: therefore,
Resolved, That the Young Men's Committee of Forty-one
he invited to meet this committee at the Perseverance Fire
Company's Hall on Tuesday, 19th May, at 4 o'clock P. M.
to adopt such measures as may be deemed proper, upon con-
sideration of said resolution of the National Convention of
Whig Young Men of the 4th May; and that the Secretary
be directed to communicate a copy of this resolution to the
chairman of said Committee of Forty-one.
Passed llth May, 1840-Attest:
D. A. HALL,
Secretary to Republican Committee of Seventy six.
may l8--M&T' _s
n-The Delegates from this city to the Convention
lately held at Baltimore are requested to meet at the Perseverance
Engine House THIS EVENING at 7 o'clock. A full meeting is
desired, as business of much interest will be brought before them.
n- A Meetuing of the Medical Association of Wash-
ington will be held at the City Hall, on Tuesday, 19th May, at 12
o'clock M.
may 18 -2t N. YOUNG, Secretary.
OR SALE, a tract of land, lying in the county of Alex-
andria, containing one hundred and sixty acres. It is sit-
uated about two miles and a half from Washington city, on the
north side of the turnpike road leading from Washington to Fairfax
Court House. A great portion of it is covered with wood; the
soil highly susceptible of improvement, and as a garden or graz-
ing farm is not surpassed by any in the District.
For further information apply to
may 19-eolm SWANN & SWANN,Six Buildings.
N OTICE.-Iu consequence of the death of Thomas Detter,
the subscriber has been appointed Scavenger oftimal part o
the Third Ward lying east of 7th street and north of D) street.
All persons requiring his services will please address hima by note
deposited in a box put uip for that purpose in the Centre Market,
stating place of residence, giving the name of the street, and, if
practicable, the number of the square.
may 19 CONRAD HESS.


A TRIBUTE OP RESPECT TO HONESTY.

The citizens of RALEIOH, (North Carolina,) on
the 9th instant, gave a complimentary dinner to
their respected fellow-townsman, Gen. BEVERLY
DANIEL, who was lately superseded by the Execu-
tive of the United States in the office of Marshal of
the State of North Caiolina-an office which he re-
ceived from President JEFFERSON, and which he
had filled with honor and fidelity under each suc-
cessive President, until the Successor thought fit to
supersede him by the appointment of a devoted
partisan. We extract the subjoined items from
the account given by the Raleigh Register of the
dinner, which was distinguished for the respecta-
bility of the company which attended it.

The complimentary dinner to General BEVERLY DANIEL,
late United States Marshal, took place on Saturday, and we
have never been present at any entertainment where there
was greater rational enjoyment', or where the proceedings
were characterized by more decorous conviviality. It must
have been a proud day for General DANIEL, and amply aton-
ed, we have no doubt, for the violence done to his feelings by
his unjustifiable removal. JosEPu GALES, Sen. and JOHN DE-
VESEUX, Sen. Esquires, were called on to preside. After the
removal of the cloth, the following regular toasts were drank,
interspersed with music from a fine band:
The memory of Washington.
The memory of John Marshall-The able, upright and
intrepid Jurist. He fought in thefield for the attainment of
that Constitution which he so ably defended on the bench.
A standing army of 200,000 men, in time ofpeace-A cost-
ly pageant, or the sword of despotism.
Qualification for office-In the better days of the Republic,
honesty and capability-Now, subserviency to power and con-
tributions of a part of the salary to sustain "the party."
Our honored guest, Beverly Daniel-A vigilant and faith-
ful servant of the Public; proscribed because he would not
serve Baal nor wear his collar. [Nine cheers.]
After the cheering which succeeded this toast had subsid-
ed, General Daniel responded in a brief and feeling manner.
William Henry Harrison-The People prefer a man who,
when danger presses, looks for the tracks of his country's
enemies, to one who follows footsteps only when they lead to
office and spoils. [Nine cheers.]
Retrenchment and Reform-Exemplified in this Adminis-
tration by a new rule of reduction ascending, wherein the ex-
penses of Government have gone up from 13 to 37 millions a
year.
The better currency."-Geld and silver for office-holders;
Treasury note shinplasters, based, like the Old Proc"money,
on the credit of the Government, for the People.
The Log Cabin.-Let palace tenants and pampered me-
nials sneer at the birth-place of a Green, a Sherman, and a
Franklin.
Modern Democracy-" The man who trades on borrowed
capital ought to break." The People expect too much of
the Government."
Henry Clay. [Nine cheers.]
[The following are selected from a large number of volun-
teers :]
By Joseph Gales.-General William Henry Harrison-an
able statesman and legislator--a brave and successful warrior--
a good practical farmer, and an upright citizen-a man who
approaches nearer to the pure and elevated character of our
great and highly beloved WASHtINGTON than any other person
living.
By John Pevereux.-Virginia, the fulcrum of the Union,
on which the People will place their lever to raise Harrison
to the Presidency.
GEORGE E. BADGER, Esq. was now loudly called on for a
speech and toast, and he prefaced a toast with some observa-
tions highly complimentary to Gen. Daniel, in reference both
to his public life and private character. He mentioned one cir-
cumstance, in connexion with his removal, new to us, and
deserving record. It was this: In the printed letter address-
ed to General Daniel by the Department, in relation to the
appointment of census-takers, the following significant post-
script was added in writing: The commission you hold as
marshal will expire on the 26th April, 1840. You will,
therefore, perci'le the propriety, in making your appointment
of assistants, of its being understood by them that,in the event
of your not being re-appointed, their appointments will be sub-
jected to the control of your successor, who will, of course,
have the power to change them, if he thinks proper." Or, in
other words, mind that you appoint no Whigs to take the
census; if you do, you may not be re-appointed, atnd they
may be removed. Mr. Badger gave-
Our guest, General Daniel-As an officer, good enough for
Jefferson, good enough for Madison, good enough for Moin-
roe, good enough for Adams, good enough for Jackson-it is
no wonder that Van Buren thinks that he is too good for
him.
By General S. F. Patterson.-The President of the United
States-he has made an experiment upon the People of North
Carolina, by removing a faithful and competent public officer;
the People will, in tuin, make an experiment in November
next, by removing a faithless and incompetent one.
By Charles Manly.-Our national farm-Receipts not equal
to expenses; fences down, crops devoured. It is time for the
owners to look to it, to discharge their overseer and set it to
rights.
General JAMES IREDELL was now called on for a sentiment
and a speech. He replied, that he wouldgive a short speech
and then a sentiment; and though he kept his promise ol
making a short speech, it was an exceedingly interesting one.
It was confined, principally, to a review of the opinions and
conduct of our earlier Presidents on the subject of removals
from office, and he instanced, with great force, the remark ol
Mr. Madison, that any President deserved impeachment who
would remove an officer for opinion's sake. In conclusion,
he gave-
The sentiment expressed by James Madison in the first
Congress of the United States.-The wanton removal of meri-
torious officers should subject the President to removal front
his own high trust.
By George W. Mordecai.-Reminoval from office under the
present Admini-tration, the best evidence of integrity, fideli
ty, and independence.
By George 14W. Polk.- -Martin Van Buren-The Napoleon
of Locofocoism has found his Wellington at North Bend
and his Waterloo at Baltimore-may he find a pleasant St
Helena in the quiet shades of Kinderhook.
By H. W. Miller.-Van Buren and his office-holders-
Through the sub-Treasury they strike for higher wages;
the People reply, we have already paid too many Prices.
By General Patterson, (accompanied with remnarks.)-The
President of the day, Joseph Gales, Sen. Esq.-Venerated
for his years, and respected for his virtues, but no less so than
for his political consistency and unwavering devotion to the
principles of genuine Republicanism.

CHAR IA)TT E HALL SCHOOL, situated in St. Mary's
county, Maryland, in a most healthful and pleasant region ol
country, is one of the oldest and most respectable Seminaries in
the United States. The trustees take great pleasure in announc-
ing to the Pu'h-ic that, by the appointment of Dr. Charles Kraitsi,
as principal of lhis institution, together with the able assistance of
Messrs. Shaw and Barnes, who have, for some time, successfully
been engaged as assistant teachers, they are confident parents asi
guardians will have the most ample justice and care given to the
health, morals, and scholastic acquireients ofuheir sons and wards.
As Dr. Kraitsir is a gentleman not generally known to the Public,
the trustees take the liberty of pointing particular attention to the
following testimonial. By order.
H. G. S. KEY, Chairman.


We, the undersigned, take pleasure in recommending Dr.
Kraitsit as a person possessing those qualifications which will ren-
der him in every respect worthy to 1ill the responsible situation of
Principal of the Charlotte Hall School, to be' vacated shortly by the
resignation of Philip Briscoe, Esq.
Possessing, as he does, a thorough knowledge of the Latin and
Greek languages, Mathematics and Botany, and speaking as well
as writing fluently the French and most of the other modern lan-
guages, combined with considerable experience as a teacher, we
do not hesitate in giving him this testimonial, and to express our
belief that, if elected, he will prove a very desirable acquisition
to the institution, whose interests and reputation would be thereby
served and enhanced.
John Quincy Adams, Win. S. Fulton,
S. Cooper, D. Jenifer,
S. Burche, T. L. Smith,
William R. King, John M. Moore,
Henry Clay, J. Miller,
Thomas H. Benton, J. N. Barker,
J. N. Nieoltlet, James Whitcomb,
W. Matthews, Joseph S. Wilson,
J. T. H. Worthington, S. P. Dornenburg,
George M. Keim, J. H. Offley,
J. R. Poinsett, B. Klimkiewicra.
A. Mouton, may 19-2aw4wcp
EXTENSIVE SALE OF GROCERIES, d&c.--
The undersigned, with a view of entering more extensively
into the Grocery business, in Richmond, Vs., the coming fall,
will sell at public auction, at their store, on Pennsylvania avenue,
between 12th and I3th streets, on Friday, the 22d inst. commen-
cing at 10 o'clock A. M. all their present stock, which is large and
well selected, consisting of, in part-
30 bags of Government, Java, and Rio Coffee
50 whole, half, and quarter boxes Raisins, Prunes, &c.
6 hogsheads Sugar, a quantity of Loaf Sugar
10 barrels Whiskey, 20 barrels family Flour
3 hogsheads Molasses, 3 casks Sperm Oil
30 sacks Salt, 20 boxes Sperm and Mould Candles
10 chests and half chests Imperial, Gunpowder, and Young
Hyson Teas
With a lot of superior bottled Wine ; Wines and Brandies, va-
rious kinds, in casks ; Stand Casks, Scales, Weights, &c.
With numerous other articles desirable to grocery merchants,
not deemed necessary to be enumerated. The whole to be sold
without reserve, and well deserves the attention of dealers.
Terms of sale : All sums of and under 850, cash ; over 850,
and not exceeding $100, a credit of sixty days; over 8100, and
not exceeding 8300, a credit of four months; over $300, a credit
of six months, for notes satisfactorily endorsed, bearing interest.
HOWISON & JACKSON.
may 19-TtiThFif ED. DYER, Auctioneer.


SSale This Day.
SALE BY ORDER nf the CIRCUIT COtURT.-
In chancery-Anthony Preston and Rosinsa Cheshire, ad-
ministrators of Archibald Cheshire, deceased, vs. Mary Lindsey
Cheshire and others, heirs at law of A. Cheshire.
By virtue of a decree made in the above case, the subscriber
will sell at public auction, to the highest bidder, all the title and
estate of said A. Cheshire, deceased, in and to lot No.2, in square
No. 267, in the city of Washington. This lot fronts on Maryland
avenue fifty-two feet five inches, and contains 4,3761 square feet,
and is in the immediate vicinity of the Long Bridge.
The terms of sale are, one-third cash, the balance in equal in-
stalments of six and nine months, for which the purchaser is to
give his bonds, bearing interest from date, with security to be ap-
proved by the subscriber. If the terms be not complied with in
three days after the sale, the property to be resold, at the risk and
expense of the first purchaser. Upon payment of the purchase-
money, and ratification of the sale by the court, the subscriber
will convey to the purchaser all the title and estate of the said A.
Cheshire in and to said lot, free from the incumbrance of the wid-
ow's dower.
The sale to take place on the premises on Tuesday, the 19,11
May, at 6 o'clock P. M. J. B. H. SMITH, Trustee,
may 13-WSMTif EDW. DYER, Auctioneer
V ALUABLIE AND DESIRABLE7l PROPJER8TY
For Sale.-I offer for sale the real property I own and oc-
cupy, in and near Buckland, Prince William county, Virginia,
eight miles below Warrenton, Fauquier county, and on the Fau-
quier and Alexandria Turnpike road :
Buckland Mill, situated on Broad Run, which has never beeji
known to fail in the driest season ; it contains two pairs of burrs,
and one pair of country stones; one pairof the burrs can grind 30
or 40 banrels of flour in 24 hours. The Mill, it is well known, has
always commanded a good share of grinding for the country in
which it is situated and the fertile and wheat-producing region
above it. Attached to it is a comfortable miller's house, with h.
lot and garden, a spacious frame corn-house, and 66 acres of land
of good quality.
Also, the Woollen Factory, a spacious stone house, covered wilh
slate, 34 by 60 feet. It has attached to it an overshot water-wheel,
and machinery adapted to driving a falling nmill and carding ma-
chines. The carding machines, and some other articles necessa-
ry for the business, will be sold with the building.
Also, the Farm on which I reside, containing 290 acres ofland,
having a good proportion of wood. It is generally of good quality,
and easy to cultivate ; an inexhaustible quantity of limestone
comes within three miles of it, which, if burnt and applied to the
improvement of the land, would no doubt oruch increase its capa-
city of producing grain and grass. The improvements are, a
comfortable two-story frame dwelling, beautifully situated, and
commanding an extensive view of the surrounding country, with
a substantial stone kitchen, a productive and well stocked garden,
ice-house, good stables, cattle shed, &c. Also, a valuable field of
36 acres, principally meadow, which annually produces a great
quantity of excellent hay, while the upland is very productive
when cultivated in grain. It is considered by these knowing its
quality equal to almost any land in Virgin a.
Also, 118 acres of Woodland adjoining the Farm, covered with
oak of different kinds, hickory, walnut, red mulberry, and other
forest trees; a good portion of this land is of first- rate quality, and
can be divided so as to give one part to the farm, and the other to
the mill and factory.
Also, atown lot in Buckland, having on it a frame house -hich
was formerly occupied as a store.
Terms: One-fourth in hand, the remaining three-fourths in
equal payments of one, two, and three years, with interest on the
deferred payments, to be satisfactorily secured.
For any information respecting the premises refer to Mr. Win.
Dean, Alexandria, D. C.
ap 1-2taw THOS. SMITH.
f tIf not sold before the 20th of May instant, It
will then be offered at public sale on thie premises, may 9

P ROPOSALS for publishi:.g in Harrisburg, Pernsylvanie,
a weekly newspaper, to be called the LOG CABIN RIFLE.
On Saturday, the 30th instant, will be issued the first number
of a new paper with the above title. The object in view will be
to present to the People a paper so cheap as to be within ihe
reach of the tenant of every Log Cobin in the Union, and so at-
tractive in its matter and form as to be sought after by all who
love their country's fame, and are willing to protect the honor of
htier gallant soldiers and heroes from the calumny and reproach of
such as would sacrifice both at the footstool of power.
The report of the Rifle shall be heard weekly by the People,
giving them timely warning ofthe approach ofdanger, and shall
promptly convey the ;;i. It;. ,- r..fthe movements and stratagems
of the foe. It shall sl-.; I"..,,ii,\ detail to them the civil and mil-
itary services of the old war-worn veteran," under whose ban-
ner they are about to enlist for the war. His battles, victories,
privations and sacrifices ; his incorruptible honesty, his generous
deeds, his patriotism and public services in the ,councils of the
nation and at the head of her armies, shall be re-eichoed from
the Rifle until the name of the Hero of Tippecanoe shall be ans
terrible to his enemies in 1840, as it was to the British and In-
dians in 1813.
It shall be the constant object of the Rifle to guard the charac-
ter and protect the fame ofourold General from the plots of spies
and tories-from the blow of the tomahawk and scalping-knife of
the savage, and from the assaults of mercenaries that seek only
for plunder under the command of a General who has supplanted
the American soldier by Cuba Bloodhounds. Towards such, the
Rifle will be pointed with unerring aimn ; and, while the People
are true to the principles which governed ihoe who fought with
General Harrison the battles of their country at Tippecanoe, the
Thames, and Fort Meigs, we shall not doubt that now, as then, he
will prove victorious over his enemies.
Believing that the People are now anxiously seeking the truth
in regard to the man who oerilled his life to protect their cabins
and heir firesides, we present to them the Rifle, in the full con-
fidence that, while its sharp crack shall continue to warn them of
their danger, its report will not be unheeded.
TEnMs.-The Log Cabin Rifle will be got up in handsome style,
well poli-hed and mounted, and the lock, stock, and barrel"
shall be of the best materials. It will be published on a sheet of
royal size, at the low price of 50 cents per copy, from the first of
June until the first of November, payable in advance. Twelve 3o-
pies will be sent to one post office for $5. The support of the dif-
ferent Caunty Committees, Tippecanoe Clubs, and all the friends
of Harrison and Tyler, throughout the State, is respectfully soli-
cited. To all responsible persons who will act as agents for the
Rifle, a fair compensation will be allowed.
HENRY MONTGOMERY.
HARRISBURG, MAY, 1840. may 19-
OGNAC BRANDY, ENGLISH CRO1N Glass,
and Victoria Blacking.-I have just received for pri-
vate sale from the Northi,-
2 half pipes superior Cognac Biandy, as imported
1 crate English Crown Glass, 24 half.circles
12 doz. small jars Victoria Blacking
61 do large jars do do
The above will be sold low for cash upon immediate applica-
tion, or upon time for good endorsed paper.
EDWARD DYER,
may 19-3t Auct. and Comm. Mer.
Irwn MINERALOGISTS.-I have just received for pri'
Svatle sale a handsome collection of Minerals. There aa
about three hundred specimens, many of them very rare, and are
scientifically arranged. They will be sold low if applied for
soon. JOHN A. BLAKE,
may 19-eo3t Anct. and Conm,. Mer.
'31 0 THE CHARITABLE AND HiUMANIE.-
il There is a worthy man on the borders of the City, who is
now extremely low with consumption, and has been confined to,
his room and bed fur nearly nine months. He iasa wife and five
small children-dand what can a poor wife do, under such circum-
stances, towards their support? He was, when well, an industri-
ous and worthy mechanic, and is now really in needy circum-
stances, and suffering for necessaries in his situation.
Any person desirous of contributing to a really worthy and de-'
serving family, can leave'their trite, in any form, with me, and I
promise to see it properly applied.
may 19-It E. DYER.
SOU.'EHtLD I[URNITURE AT AUCTION.-
On Thursday next, 21st instant, at 10 o'clock A. M. in front
of my Auction Store, Centre Market Space, 1 shall sell the fol-
lowing articles of household furniture, viz.
Elegant hail-seat sofas, sideboards, bureaus
I',.'ric, breakfast, and card tables
Cane and wood-seat chairs
Gaod feather beds, mattresses
Very handsome dinner sets, China tea sets, &c.
Also, several very handsome clocks, jars oh pickles, preserves
&c.&C. JOHN A. BLAKE,
may 19--dts Auctioneer.
i It FOt PHILADEI.PIiiA.--Hand's Schoaner
ELIZA, Capt. Hand, will sail for the above port about.
the 23d inst. For freight, apply to the subscriber, at.
King & Pickrell's wharf, Georgetown.
JOHN F. PICKRELL,
may 19--3t Agent.


N ATIOl)NAL EATING-HOUSE.-Just receives from
1 Norfolk, by the Steamer Chesapeake, a fine lot of Soft and
Hard Crabs, Norfolk Oysters, Salmon Trout, and Sheepshead,
with all other luxuries of the season. WM. WALKER.
N. B Turtle ano Terrapin Soup at I11 o'clock.;
may 19-d3t
GRAND LOTTERIES FOR MAY.

D. S. GREGORY & CO. Managers.
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of the Monongalia Academy.
Class No. 5, for 1840.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., on Saturday, May 23, 1840.
GRAND CAPITALS.
$40,000-$15,000-$10,000--$6,000-$5,000,
$3,000--$2,3-20.
30 prizes of 01,000
60 prizes of 500
60 prizes of 300, &c.
Tickets only $10--Halves 85--Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 26 whole tickets, $130
Do do 26 half do 65
Do do 26 quarter do 32 50
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of the Petersbnrg Benevolent Mechanic Associa-
tion.-Class No. 5, for 1*840.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Vs. Saturday, May 30, 1840.
CAPITA La.
$30,000-$10,000-$5,000-$3,500-$3,070,
$3,000-$-2,500.
40 prizes of $1,600
56 prizes of 260
60 prizes of 200, &c.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates ofpackages of 25 whole tickets, $130
Do do of 25 ha do 65
Do do of 26 5qtter do 32 60
For tickets and shares, or certificates of packages, in the above
splendid lotteries, address 1). S. GREGORY & CO.
Managers, Washington City.
1: Drawings sent immediately after they are over to all whe
order as above. ap 22-2aw3wd&cif
r'lHIR BLUE BOOK, or t4fliral Regliter for
S1840, for sale at the Bookstore of
R. FARNHAM,
Between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue'


e










TO THE PUBL
WHITE SULPHUR SPRING
Virglnia.-The high reputation
Springs have acquired in the prevention
and as a pleasant and wholesome bevera
an object of peculiar interest in the pub
virtues which they possess have been i
period of the settlement of the country
situated, and ever since it has been the f
invalids as could avail themselves of its he
The reputation of these waters has incr
proFortion with which they have been ki
stained a point of celebrity equal to any i
Europe, and far exceeding that to -which
States has attained: a celebrity as just
which annually induces thousands of ea
from the most remote parts of the Union,
this health-giving fountain.
Extensive experience for many years
Sulphur H'ater, after having been long
and kept in bottles and barrels, has clear
ed that it may be transported to any dist
desired length of time, without the slig
medical virtues and efficiency. Aware
that the Public might enjoy the useofthi
cessity of a visit to the springs, many p
miliar with their great efficacy have, for
of the springs to permit the water to be
count-y fior general use. In compliance
a company has been recently formed to a
bottling and barrelling the water for gene
they hope, by thus extending to the va
reach the springs, the advantage of using
his own home, and by bringing within th
sant and health-giving beverage,that they
that will be generally acceptable to the I
The undersigned, proprietors of this ent
inform the Putlic that the exclusive right
porting these waters is secured to them
the water may rely upon receiving it fro
pointed agents in its purity and efficiency
WM. B.

j^' The diseases for which the White
most celebrated and actively useful are th
liver complaints, bilious state of the syset
neuralgia, properly so called, and nerv
costiveness, jaundice, calculus, chronic a
chronic inflammation of the bladder, glei
hypochondriasis or low spirits, dependent
stomach and liver, spasmodic affect ions,
water brash, diarrhaca or chronic dysente
attended with acute disease. In chlorosis
lions peculiar to females this water has al
aed most happy and triumphant results.
peculiar condition of the system resulting
ed or injudicious use of mercury, and in t
of venereal disease, often connected with
system, the White Sulphur Water has dia
effects. In profuse salivation from mer
placed upon it. In cutaneous diseases,
the skin, perhaps no internal remedy can
ously. In ill-conuditioned ulcers its curati'
known and appreciated.
For a more particular accountof the me
water, &e. reference is made to the Pi
ed by Dr. Moorman, the resident phys
which will generally be found in the hand
water.
Of the many testimonials received freo
men of the great efficacy of these waters, i
to insert more than the following, from th
Professor of Surgery in the Univerity of
Philade
Having visited repeatedly the White S
brier county, Virginia, and remained th
time, engaged in practice, with the vi
effects of thae water upon the numerous
region from every part of the United St
great confidence, as the result of a lar1
that the most beneficial effects have arise
dyspeptic depravities, in simple and corn
liver, in obstructions and other derange,
aggravated forms of cutaneous diseases,
velopments, the result of constitutional o
WILLIAM GIBl
Professor of Surgery Unive
A supply of the above water, securely pn
ages for transportation, constantly on han
JOSEPH L. PEABODY,
may 14-dlw Agent for t
IMPO rTANT TO PERSONS
Couglhs, Colds, Consumption
Bronchitis, and all diseases of th
pipe.
REV. I. COVERT'S BALM OFP LIFE
offered to the Public as the best remedy
ef the above-named diseases. It is ex
by Physicians, Clergymen, and others,
been freely made known.
See circulars containing particulars, an
which may be had gratis of all the age
& Co., wholesale druggists, 142 Water
appointed general agents, and are prepare
the proprietors' best terms.
L COVERIL'.T A Cl


1. UUYUK & COn. ^., Prolprietors,
Auburn, New York.
For sale by most of the Druggists in the District of Columbia.
See larger advertisement, also circular in the hands of all the
agents, dee 5-6m
T HHE HUMAN HAIR is warranted staid orrestored, and
the head kept free from dandruff, by the genuine OLD-
RIDGE'S HALM OF COLUMBIA.
Remember ihe genuine as described below.
This is certified tobyseveral Mayors, Ministers of the Gospel,
B itish Consul, Physicians, and a great number of our most ho-
nora'ie cit-zens, to be seen where it is sold.
DARS-o l"RAUD.-This article has been imitated by a notorious
counterfeite.r. Let it never be purchased or used unless it have
the name oh L. S. GOMaTOCK, orthe sivnatureofrCOMSTOCK
& CO. on a splendid wrapper. This is the only external test that
will secure the Public from deception.
Apply at th whol sale and retail office, No.2, Pletcher street,
near Maiden Lane and Pearl street.
Address COMSTOCK & CO..
Wholesale Druggists, New York.
A great variety of the most worthless trash for the hair lias
sprung up on the credit 21 years, and riplily increased in favor.
Sold by Win. FP. Bender. Charles Stott, Messrs. James, and
others. (Globe, Nat. Amner.&Mad.) ap 10-3taw3m
A14HRISON AI,MANACFOR 1841, ...r;.;,.,
most striking i icidents (or anecdotes) in th-- hie i ih.- il-
lustrious Hdrrison, written in ihe inmost concise and popular s'yle
of the People ; and many of the most prominent and interesting
events, illusiratud by r; .:l dint Ji i.,..-, engraved by some of th-
best artists, in a bold '-., in ,in-- -'I., exactly adapted to strike
the eye," and induce thousands to read, and, thereby, infiotm
themselves respecting the great services and character of Gen.
Harrison, and hbs distinguished claims te the undivided support of
the freemen of the wholp country four the next Presidency. It is
also decidedly useful as an Almanac, having a calendar carefully
prepared by an experienced astro,omer,and adapted to all parts of
the United States. Just published and for sale at the Book-stote
of R. FARNHAM, between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania
avenue. Price 84 per hundred-6) cents single, may 8
RUSTEE'S SALE OF REAL PROPERTY.-
.By virtue of a decree of the Circuit Court of the District
of Columbia for the county of Washington, sitting as a Coumrt of
Chancery, made in the case of Thomas Blagden and Abraham
B. Waller against Mary Pancoast and others, 1 shall sell at pub-
lic as'ction, on Monday, the 1st day of June next, the following
property, to wit :
Lot No. 7, in square No. 768; also, lota No. 16 and 17, in square
687, with the improvements thereon, consisting of a two-story
brick building on lot No. 17.
Terms of sale: One-third cash, and the balance in twvo equal
payments of three and six months, with interest from the day of
sale; the purchaser to give bond with security approved of by me
as trustee ; and on the full payment of the purchase money and
interest, andl the sale being ratified by the Court, I will execute
a valid deed of the premises to the purchasers, their heirs or as-
signs, at their cost and expense.
If the terms of sale are not complied with in five days after
said sale, the right to advertise and re-sell is reserved by mne as
Trustee, at the risk and expense of the first purchaser.
The sale of the above property will take place on the premises,
near the Capitol, precisely at 4 o'clock P. M.
J. W. BECK, Trustee.
EDWARD DYER,
may 11-2aw&ds Auctioneer.
iD R. VANDO)N'S PILLS.-Dr. Vandon's (from Ger-
many) Restorative Pills, a positive cure fio Gonorrhoea,
Stubborn Gleets, &c. ThIe superiority of Dr. Vandon's Restora-
tive Pills over every other medicine yet discovered for the cure
of Gonorrhea, Gleet, and other diseases of urinary passages, be-
comes every day more evident from their extraordinary demand
and universal success. The composition of the Pills being entire-
ly different from any other medicine of the kind, they are
warranted not to produce those unpleasant and not unfrequently
dangerous symptoms so often experienced while taking copaiva,
cubebs, turpentine, mercury, and that class of medicines usually
resorted to by the unskilful in these complaints.
For sale by R. S. PATTER3ON, onlyagent for the District.
may 13-seolm
D RUG STORE FOR SALE.-The subscriber,wishing
to leave the city, (on account of ill health,) is desirous of
disposing of his Drug Store. The stand is in a central position,
and probably the best in the city. The stock is various, and has
been selected to suit the business ofthe stoie. Nothing could in-
duce the proprietor to dispose of it but the necessity of travelling
for his health. WM. F. BENDER,
may 13-cotf Corner of 6tb street and the avenue.
N EW WORKS.-The Youth ofShakspeare,by theauthor
S of Shakspeare and his Friend, in 3 volumes. Essays, Let-
ters from Abroad, Translations, and Fragments, by Percy Bysshe
Shelley, edited by Mrs. Shelley. Memoirs and Letters of Mad.
Malibran, by the Countess de Merlin, with notices of the Progress
of the Musical Drama in England. Just received, and for sale
.by GARIIRET ANDERSON, Pennsylvania av. may 13-lw
liFKETWOPD'1, LIFE OF CHRIST, in one oc-
tavo volume of 600 pages, handsomely printed, with many
engravings, full bound in extra binding, and containing a full anI
accurate history of his lile from his birth to his resurrection; to-
gether with the Lives, Transactions, and Sufferings of the Evan-
gelists, Apostles, and others ofthe Primitive Martyrs ; to which is
added a History of the Jews, by the Rev. John Pleetwood, D. D.,
price $1 50.
may I F. TAYLOR.
OZ'S WORKS.-Just publishedthe complete Worksof
Boa, (Dickens,) in four volumes octavo, with illustrations by
Gruikshank. Forsale at
GARRET ANDERSON'S,
may 8 Penn. avenue, between 11 hf and 12th streets
ARLEY'S MAGAZINE, the April and Quarterly
P num-ers just received, and for sale at the Bookstore of
R. FARNHAM,
may 8 between 9th and lOli streets, Pennsylvemia avenue.


Bland tin the construction orf arches, piers, and buttresses, for
the practical builder, 1 vol. with many engravings.
Practical treatise on bridge building, and on the equilibrium of
vaults and arches; large folio plates, two part'; by Edward Cres-
sy, civil engineer.
Practical and theoretical essays on oblique bridges, by G. W.
Ruck, civil engineer, I quarto vol. within engravings
Practical treatise on the conitructin of oblique arches, by John
Hart, mason, in I quarto vol. with plates.
The theory, practice, and architecture of bridges, by Hann &
Hosking, architects and engineers, 2 vols. with many engravings.
Barlow, Ti-edgold, Turnbull, and others, on the strength and
stress of timber-, iron, &c.
Sir Howard Dmglass on military bridges, 1 vol.
Pasley (colonel R.)r'at Engineers) on limes, cents, mortars,
stuccos, and concrete, in 1 vol.
Practice I.1 and scientific treatise on mortars and cements, natural
and aitifi,: al by L. G. Vicat, engineer in chief of bridges ansI
roads, translated from the Picnch by Capt. J. T. Smith, of tilt
Mi'adiras engineers, 1 vol.
Also, several American treatises on bridge building, and a vari-
ety of works. English and Armerican, on architecture, building,
Livil and military engineering, which contain treatises on the
-ame subject, april J2
tHETOWER OF LONDON, an Historical Ro-
mailce, by W. Harrison Ainsworth, author of Jack Shep-
pard, Guy Fawkes, R ,okwood, and Cri.-hton, illustrated rom de-
signs by George Cruiksihank, to be published ii numbers. First
number this day published and for sale by W. M. MORRISON,
4 doors west of Brown's Hotel. mar 27
U NIVERSAL HISTORY, in two large volumes, btasti-
U fil Bostv.n ediii.n, handsomely bound, price $2 75 for the set,
just raceivcd and for sale by F. T.AYLOR, I - ..., I t. Uni-
versal History from the creation, -i .t,- .r i it.., i ee'nth
century, by the late Hon. Alex. Fraser Tytler, (Lord Woodhouse-
lee,) Professor of Civil History and Greek and Roman Antiquities
in the University of Edinburgh. ap 10
P ITKIN'S STATISTIC-.--A Statistical View of thr
Commerce of the United States, including, also, an account
of Banks, Manufactures, and internal trade and improvements;
together with that of the Revenues and Expenditures of Ithe Gen-
eral Government; accompanied with numerous Tables. By Tim.
Pitkin. A new supply just received by F. TAYLOR, immediate-
ly eastof Gadsby's. mar 23
C ULTIVATION AND MANUFACTURE t)F
Beet Sugar, in one volume, price 25 cents, translated
from several French works, giving complete directions for the
culture and preservation of the plant; for the best processes of
extracting its sugar ; with a description of the beet sugar manu-
factories of Prance. For sale by
ap 8 F. TAYLOR.
CONGRESSIONAL DIRECTORY of the First Ses-
sion of the Twenty-sixth Congress of the United States of
America, just published, and for sale by R. FARNHAM,
jan 15 Penn. avenue, between 9th and lOthi streets.
ASHINGTON MUSEUM, atthecornerot4 1-2
and D streets, to commence this day, (Monday, Febru-
ary 10, 1840,) and will be open for visitors every day at 9 A. M.
Admittance to the Museum 25 cents; to the Hall and Museum,
50 cents. Children under ten years old half price.
A NEW ARTICLE.-Mann's improved Moveable Bind-
er, of different sizes, for keeping, in a book-like form, let-
ters, music, pamphlets, newspapers, or any papers, in regular or-
der. Ladies and gentlemen are requested to examine the above
article, which is for sale, wholesale and retail, at Stationers' Hall.
W. FISCHER,
ap 13 Sole Agent for the Manufacturer.
AYNE'S EXPECTORANT.-A fresh supply ofthis
justly celebrated remedy for coughs, colds, asthma, &c. just
received, direct from the proprietor, at
ap 10 TODD'S Drug Store.
SOCKHART'S LIFE of SIR WALTER SCOTT,
S complete in one octavo volume, with portrait, full bound in
leather, price 81 25, (published at $3 50.) For sale by
ap8 F, TAYLOR.
F RENCH Engraved Copies of the Stuart Paint-
lligs now exhibiting in the Congress Library, of the first
five Presidents of the United States.-A few of these beautifnl
copies are this day received for sale, by F. TAYLOR, Bookseller,
and may be examined at his store immediately east of Gadsby's
Hotel. The number of copies are limited, the plates having been
destroyed by contract after the printing of a limited number.
These engravings Ere to be distinguished front the American
copies of them which have been recently circulating through the
United States. mar 16
NTEW BOOK.-Pilgrimage to Jerusalem and Mount Sinai,
-1 by Baron Gerand, Monk to the Order of La Trappe, in 2
vols. is this day received and for sale by W. M. MORRISON, 4
doors west of Brown's Hotel. ap 13
rlHE PAPERS OF JAMES MADISON, pur-
T chased by order of Congress, being his Correspondence and
Reports of Debates during the Congress ofthe Confederation, and
his Reports of Debates in the Federal Convention, now published
from the original manuscript deposited in the Department of State
by direction of the Joint Library Committee of Congress, under
the superintendence of Henry D. Gilpin, in 3 vols. is for sale at
the Book and Stationery store of
W. M. MORRISON,
mar 20FPour doors west of Brown's Hotel.
SEW NIOVEL, by thie author of m Philip Auguatus-
N Richlieu," Henry of Guise," &c.- The King's High
way, in 2 vols. by G. P. R. James, is this day received for sale
try F. TAYLOR, or for circulation among the subscribers to the
Waverley Circulating Libmary.
Terms for the Library, 85 per annum, or one dollar for a single
month may 8
4JEW WORK BY THE AUTHOR OF NICHO-
1-' LAS NICKILEBY.-No. I of Master Humphrey's
Clock, by Boaz, will be received for sale by F. TAYLOR on Wed-
nesday morning. This number will contain a portrait of the au-
thor, engraved on steel, with nanmerous illustrations, ap 27


H GHE COMPLETE WORKS of the Author of Nicho-
U- las Nickleby -First uniform edition, complete in four large
octavo volumes, handsomely bound and embellished with very
numerous engravings, containing the Pickwick Papers," Oli-
ver Twist," '- Sketches of every day Life andevery day People,"
and Nicholas Nickleby." Price for the set $7.
ap 10 F. TAYLOR.
1 AVAL AND MILITARY SCIENCE.-Just im-
S ported from London by F. TAYLOR, and this day receiv-
ed, Mitchell's (Lieut. Col.) Tactics and Militai, 0,. ,i,- ,; .a ;
Magrath's Artof War; Naval and Military .ii.',.. .' i*.' .-ao,
made up of mnatterc of special interest to the united service ;"
British Naval List for 1840; British Army List tor 1840; Glas-
cock's (Captain Royal Navy) Naval Service, or Officer's Manual;
Firdyce's (Lieut. Royal Navy) N; val Routine; Wellington's )e-
spatches, 13 volumes; MeWilliain on Dry Rot; New Tables of
Logdrithms, by the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge;
The King's Regulations and Orders for the Army; Lieut. (-oi.
Hurmfrey's Modern Fortification ; Nautical Surveying, by Coin-
roander Edward Btlcher; Robson's Marine Surveying; Macken-
zie's Marine Surveying; Sir Howard Douglas on Military Bridges;
Sir Howard Douglas's Naval Gutinery ; Artillerist's Manual and
Compendium of Military Instruction, by Capt. Griffiths, Royal
Artillery ; Gunpowder, its manufacture and proof, by John Brad-
d,,ck, Commiasary of' Ordnance; Falconer's Marine Dictionary,
1 vol. quarto ; Charnock's Marine Architecture, 3 vols. quarto;
McPherson's Anmals of Comnmerce, 4 vols. quarto; British Naval
Biography and History, from Howard to Coddrington, 1 volume;
Sinmons (Captain Royal Artillery) on Courts Martial ; Armstrong
on Steam Boi ers ; Newton's Principia, 2vols. ; The Celestial Me-
charnics of La Place, 1 vol. ; Nichol's Phenomena of the Solar Sys-
tem, 1 vol ; Hutton's Mathematical Tables -.1 L .ji,.i. new
edition of Hutton's Mathematics, entirely ,i ".l Ir *i i, on: use
of the Royal Military Academy; Sopwitlh's Isometrical Drawirng;
Sir John Ross on Steam and Steamn Navigation, in connexion with
maritime warfare, 1 vol. quarto; and many others of the same
class with the above. List to be continued.
On band, an extensive and valuable colc etion of the best and
latest works on Geology, Mineralogy, Conchology, Botany, &c.;
on the Steam Engine, on Bridge B-i..l..i .- on Di i.'r.tc, Astrono-
my, Surveying, Civil and Military Engineering, : ;, r I on all
oiher branches of the Natural, Mathematical, and Mechanical
Sciences, at the lowest prices in every case.
*,* The British Nautical Almanac for 1843 daily expected.
Books, Periodicals, and Stationery imported to order fomi Lon-
don and Paris. P. TAYLOR, Bookseller,
april 20 Immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel.
A COLLECTION OF THE POETICAL WRIT-
ings of Wmi. Leggett, selected and arranged with a pre-
face, by Theodore Sedgwick, jr. in 2 vols., is for sale by W. M.
MORRISON, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel. ap 8
D DOUBLE AND SINGLE BARREL GUNS.-The
subscriber has on hand number of Double and Single Bar-
rel Guns, which he offers to sell ata liberaldiscount on his former
prices, for cash. At the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store, 4
doors east of the City Post Office.
mar 23 LEWIS JOHNSON.
IM AP OF NEW ORLEANS.-Just received, at Sta-
ii tioners' Hall, a few of Zimpel's Map of New Orleans, on
rollers, measuring 5 feet by 5 feet 3 inches, being the most accu-
rate and beautifully executed Map in the United States, which, if
early applied for, will be sold at less than the subscription price.
mar 25 W. FISCHER.
flHE UNITED STATES of North America, as they
S are, not as they are generally described; by Thomas Bro-
thers, resident in the United States for 15 years. 1 vol. octavo,
London, 180.
Trotter on the Financial Position and Credit ofsuch of the Unit-
ed States as have contracted Public Debts. 1 octavovol., London,
1840. Just received for sale by
opril 29 F. TAYLOR.
OUDON'S AGRICULTURAL WORKS.-Ency-
clopedia of Agriculture ; do. of Plants; do. of Gardening;
do. of cottage, farm, and villa architecture. Also, the Suburban
Gardener, and Villa Companion, are for sale at reduced prices, at
the Book and Stationery Store of W. M. MORRISON, 4 doors
west of Brown's Hotel. ap 8
M ARYLAND COMMISSION ER.-The undersigned
lf4s been appointed Commissioner for the State of Maryland
with general authority to take testimony, and the acknowledg-
ment of deeds and other instruments within the District of Co-
lumbia. Office on F, near 15th street.
ap 22-w4t JAMES H. CAUJSTEN.
TRANSLATIONS OF THE CLASSICS, (cheap.)
?Cenophon's whole Works, translated by Cooper, Spelmnan,
and others, one handsome volume of 758 large octavo pages, with
portrait; price $2 60.
The whole works of Tacitus, by Murphy, 42 pages, with por-
trait; price $2 50.
The while works of Livy, by Baker, two large octavo vols.
with portrait ; price $4.
Smith's Thucydides, one octavo volume, with portrait; 81 50.
The whole works of Cssar and Sallust, in one volume, octavo,
two portraits; price $1 50.
The above are all neatly bound and finely printed, and copious-
ly supplied with notes, illustrations, supplement, indexes, &c.
For sale by PF. TAYLOR,
mar 20 Immediately east of Gadsby's.
IGEST of the Decisions of the Courts of Common
Law and Admiralty In the Ut ited States, by THE-
nON MYTCALp and JONATHAN C. PERKINS, to be completed in
three volumes, octavo, embracing the Decisions of all the Courts
of the different States, and of the United States (excepting Courts
of Equity,) classified and arranged alphabetically us to subjects.
The first volume just published, and this day received for sale
hy F. TAYLOR.
Phillips on Insurance, new edition, enlarged. 2 volumes, Bos-
ton, 184'0.
Also, (complete in two volumes,) Precedents in Pleading, by
Joseph Chitty, jr. with copious notes on Practice, Pleading, and
Evidence. And many other new I#w works, for sale at the lowest
New York and Philadelphia prices in every case. ap ]5


........... American Litfe Insurance and Trust Company. iMPORTANT TO THOSE AFFLICTED with
LTC. OFFICEs-No. 136 Baltimore street, Baltimore; and Wall- 1 Diseases of the Lungs and Wiudplpe.-Rev. 1. CO-
i GS, Greenbrier Co. street, New York. VERT'S BALM OF LIFE. A new and valuable remedy for the
which the waters of AGENCY-Pennsylvania Avenue, between Fuller's Hotel and cure ef Coughs, Colds, Consumption, Asthma, Bronchitis, Croup,
aw dcure w of dstheses the Treasury Department, Washington city. Whooping Cough, and all diseases of the Lungs and Windpipe;
ge, has lngcure o ndiseasesd i CAPITAL PAID IN $2,0(10,000. extensively used and recommended by the Medical faculty, to
Ige mind. The healing PATRICK MACAULAY, President, Baltimore. whom the Recipe has been freely made known.
ownc minced. The ealiesng JOHN DUER, Vice President, New York. HOADLEY, PHELPS, & CO.
in whsinc the easpring i's ONEY received daily on deposit, on which interest will be Wholesale Druggists, 142 Water street, New York,
favorite resort of all such V allowed, payable semi-annually. The Company also in- General Agents.
alath-restoringinfluences, sures lives, grants annuities, sells endowments, and executes I. COVERT & CO.
gresed in the name rapid trusts. Proprietors, Auburn, New York.
enown until they have at Ofthis rates ofinsurance of $o100 on a single lit The proprietor of this medicine, having witnessed with much
of the mineral shrines of ANNUAL PREMIUM. pain the great and increasing destruction ofthe life and health of
if the mineral springs of Age. 1 year. years. For life. Age. 1 year. 7 years. Por life. so many of his fellow-beings by Consumption, Bronchitis, and the
Sany other in the Unined 14 72 86 1 53 38 1 48 1 70 3 05 various and numerous other diseases of the Lungs and Windpipe,
as it iseekes exterie, and l5 77 88 1 56 39 1 57 1 76 3 Il was induced to direct his attention and inquiries to the discovery
gt sekris aeotn alt, m6 84 90 1 62 40 1 69 1 83 3 20 of a more efficacious remedy than has heretofore been presented
to pay their devotions to 17 86 91 1 65 41 1 78 1 88 3 31 to the Public.
in the use of the 7ite 18 89 92 1 69 42 1 85 1 89 3 40 With much care, consultation, and study, lie has prepared a
removed from the spring, 19 90 94 1 73 43 1 89 1 92 3 51 medicine, which he now presents to an intelligent and discerning
ly and fully demonstrat- 20 91 95 I 77 44 1 90 1 94 3 63 Public, with the utmost confidence in its virtues and success in the
tlane, d dkept for any 2t1 92 97 1 $2 45 1 91 1 96 3 73 cure of the diseases for which it is recommended-and which he
Irtest deterioration of its 2 94 99 1 88 46 1 92 1 98 3 87 is willing to submit to the most scrutinizing test of the Medical
of this fact, and anxious 23 97 1 03 1 93 47 1 93 1 99 4 01 Faculty, and to rest its reputation upon their decision.
is water, without the ne- 24 99 1 07 1 98 48 1 94 2 02 4 17 It contains no ingredients that can impair the constitution under
hysicians and others fa- 25 1 00 1 12 2 04 49 1 95 2 04 4 49 any circumstances. It will be found greatly serviceable in Colds,
r years, urged the owner 26 1 07 1 17 2 11 50 1 96 2 09 4 60 Coughs, and all diseases of the Lungs and Bronchia, such as
transported through the 27 1 12 1 23 2 17 51 1 97 2 20 4 75 Plithisic, Asthma, Whooping Cough, Croup, Acute and Chronic
with thesesolicitations, 28 1 20 1 28 2 24 52 2 02 2 37 4 90 Inflammations of the Lungs and Windpipe.
ietomplish thatobject by 29 1 28 1 35 2 31 53 2 10 2 59 5 24 By the DYSPEPTIC, it has been used with decided advantage,
era transportation. And 30 1 31 I 36 2 36 54 2 18 2 89 5 49 and is serviceable to persons laboring under debility of any kind,
letudinarian who cannot 31 1 32 1 42 2 43 55 2 32 3 21 5 78 if used according to the directions. To the CONSUMPTIVE,
ag its healing waters at 32 1 33 1 46 2 50 56 2 47 3 56 6 05 it has invariably afforded almost immediate relief, and in several
ae reach of all this plea- 33 1 34 1 48 2 57 b7 2 70 4 20 6 27 instances has wrought a permanent cure. It is not, however, ex-
Sare rendering a service 34 1 35 1 50 2 64 58 3 14 4 31 6 50 pected to effect a cure upon such as are in the last stages of the
public 35 1 36 1 53 2 76 59 3 67 4 63 6 75 disease; but, even to such, it will be found to give much relief,
enterprise, think property 36 1 39 1 57 2 81 60 4 35 4 91 7 00 andgreatlyprolongthatremnantoflife whiehhasbecome sonearly
it of bottling and trans- 37 1 43 1 63 2 90 extinguished by the dread destroyer.
, and that those desiring A Tire proprietor is now receiving, almost daily, testimonials of the
'ra them and their ap- Applications, post paid, may be addressed to PATRICK highest respectability from physicians, clergymen, and others,
SMACAULAY, Esq., President, Baltimore; or MORRIS ROB- who have become acquainted with its nature and effect, among
CALDWELL & CO. INSON, Esq., Vice President, New York; to which immediate which are the following :
attention will be paid. "I have examined a recipe for a compound called the Balm of
Sulphur Water h as been Applications may also be made personally, or by letter, post Life, in the hands of the Rev. Isaac Covert, and have to state that
Su following:ater as been paid, toFRANCISA.DICKINS, Esq. Agent for the Company in I consider it a safe and useful combination of medicines, calcula-
em, chronic Dyspepsiat, the CityaofWASHINGTON. His office is on Pennsylvania Ave- ted to be very beneficial in chronic diseases ofthe lunns and air-
ercrncrheumaniam,
ous affections generally, nue,between Fuller's Hotel andi 15th street, as 23-d Id y passages. AVERY J. SKILTON,
affections of the kidneys, AMES' NEW NOVEL, "The King's Highway," by TROY, JUNE 27, 1839. Physician and Surgeon.
it, hemorrhoids or piles, the author of Richelieu," is daily expected and will be for I fully concur in the above recommendation.
I on derangements ofthe sale by F. TAYLOR, or for circulation among the subscribers to T. S. BARRETT,
unattended with fever, the Waverley Circulating Library, immediately east of Gadsby's Physician and Surgeon, New York city.
cry, general debility, un- Hotel. This certifies that having examined the Rev. I. Covert's Balm or
a and other similar affec- The Library is regularly supplied with a number of copies of Life in all its component parts, we do believe it to hbe one of the
Most invariably display- every new book (not confined to novels) immediately upon publica- best compounds for cough, cousumptions, chronic inflammations,
In that enfeebled and tion, new periodicals, &c. Terms 35 per annum, or one dollar etc. of which we have any knowledge, and do most cordially re-
g from the long protract- for a single month. may 6 commend its use to all afflicted with the above name diseases.
the secondary symptoms -" SAYS ON THE PRINCIPLES OF MORAL- J. W. DANIELS, M.D., Salina
this peculiar state of the .32 ITY, and on the Private and Political Rights and Obliga- W. J. LOVEJOY, M. D.,
splayed its very happiest tions of Mankind, by Jonathan Dymond, author of an Inquiry into GORDON NEEDHAM, M. D., Onondaga.
cury all reliance may be the Accordance of War with the Principles of Christianity, &c. E. LAWRENCE, M.D., Baldwinsville.
or obstinate eruptions on with a Preface by the Rev. George Rush, M. A. is for sale by The nature of the composition of the Rev. I. Covert's Balm of
n be used so advantage- W. M- MORRISON, Life having been fully explained to the following medical gentle-
ve effects have long been may 6 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel, men, they have consented that they may be referred to as author-
dical applicability of this "i1TILLIS'S ROMANCE OF TRAVEL, comprising ty for its utility as an expectorant in those chronic cases of pul-
irectory" lately publish- T Tates of Five Lands, just received and for sale by F. mnary disease in which that class of remedies i initlicated.
sician at the springs, and TAYLOR, or for circulation among the subscribers tothe Waver- D.M. Reese, M. D., Professor of the Theory and Practice of
ds of the vendersof thie y Circulating Library immediately east of Gadsbvy's. mar 30 Medicine in the Albany Medical Colleage.
J. M'Naughton, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and Physiology in
VIjHE BLUE BOOK, for I S10, just receivedand for the Fairfield Medical College.
in distinguished medical l sale by W. M. MORRISON, 4 doors west ofBrown's Ho- Mark Stephenson, M. D., New York city.
it is thought unnecessary tel. mar 27 Doctor M. McKnight, New York city.
e able and distinguished I O EIGN STANDARD ITEBATURE.-A se J. Mitchel, M. D., Philadelphia.
Pennsylvania f English Translations of the most celebrated authors The following named individuals have also given their testimony
lphia, Jan. 29, 1839. in the higher departments of German and French Literature, in in favorofthe medicine: whose certificates, together with many
-ulphur Springs, Green- 6 vols., is just received (two copies only) for sale by F. TAYLOR, others, may be seen by application to any of the agents.
ctre several weeks at a containing the works of Jouffroy, Constant, Schiller, Eckerman, Rev. Isaac Stone, Lysander, N. Y.
lew of ascertaining the and Goethe. may 4 Dr. Joseph T. Pitney,
invalids resorting to that OK F THE BOUDOIR FOR184 ,and "TheDr. E. Humphrey, Auburn, N.Y.
rates, Ican declare, within OK O THE BOUDOIR O 1840, and N. Weaver, M.D.,
ge share of experience, Iris, or Finden's Tableaux" for 1840, price $7 50 each, full Rev. D. Moore, Aurelius, N. Y.
en from its use in various bmo d in Turkey Morocco, (London,) the largest folio size, are for Rev. H. Bannister, Cazenovia, N. Y.
plicated disorders of the sale by F. TAYLOR; their uniform price heretofore having been WinWm. Morris, M. D., -tica, N. Y.
mnents of the kidneys, in eleven and twelve dollars each.. ap 13 R. Glover, M. D., New York city.
and in other morbid de- V U RAVELS IN SOUTHEASTERN ASIA.-Em- Rev. Timothy Stow, Elbridge, N. Y.
r local causes. bracing Hindoostan, Malaya, Siam, and China, with notices John Wilson, M. D., Albany, N. Y.
BSON, M. D. of the Burman Empire, with dissertations, tables, dic., by Howard J. 0. Shipman, M. D. Fayetteville, N. Y.
rasity of Pennsylvania. Malcom, in 2 vols., third edition, is for sale by S. R. Kirby, M. D., New York city.
ut up in convenient pack- W. M. MORRISON, C. D). Townsend, M. D., Albany, N. Y.
ad, and for sale by may 8 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel. A. Streeter, M. D.D, N.Y.
CeteMrktSae L. Streeter, M. D. Troy' .Y
Centre Market Space, .LUE BOOK FOR 1840.-The Register of all offi- A.H. Newcomb, M. D., Salina, N. Y.
he District of Columbia JL cars and agents, civil, military, and naval, in the service ol FOR SALE by most ot the druggists in Washington; by
AFFLICTED with the United States on the first of January, 1840, with the names, J. J. Sayres, Alexandria;
, Whoopig-cough, force, and condition of all ships and vessels belonging to tile Unit- 0. M. Linthicum, Georgetown.
.e Lungs and Wind- ed States, and when and where built, together with the names of J. F. Clark, Baltimore.
all printers in any way employed by Congress or any Department J. C. Alien, 180 South Second street, Philadelphia.
!.-This medicine is now or officer of Government. Justpublished at B. Emerson, Norfolk.
now in use for thie cure GARRET ANDERSON'S, And in mostof the towns in the United States; wh-ere pamphlets
extensively recommended mar 5 Penn. avenue, between 1 ith and 12th sts. containing particulars and numerous testimonials, may be had
to whom the recipe has t UITARS, VIOLIN!, AND FlUI'hl S.-Just re- cratis. dec 5-6m
Gceived at Stationers' Hall a great variety of Guitars, at
ad numerous certificates, prices from $5to $100; Violinsfrom 82 to $t 5; Flutes from 621 jPIIGRIMAGE TO JERUSALEM AND MOUNT
ants. Hoadley, Phelps, cents to $40 each. Also, an extensive collection of Music. L SINAII, by Baron Geramb, Monk of the order of La
street, New York, are ap 27 W. FISCHER. Trappe, in 2 vols. just received by F. TAYLOR, immediately
east of Gadsby's.
red to supply venders on laN BRID, E BUILI)ING.--Just imported from Eng- Also, the 4th and 5th numbers of MeCulloch's Commercial
S.. -.... 0- land, by F. TAYL.OR- .. Dictionary, American edition, mar 25


OIAN IPOTrATOES.-I have just received, direr
from the grower, a consignment of Rohan Potatoes, suitable
for planting.
Persons desirous of cultivating this prolific and excellent potato
will insure to themselves a genuine article by purchasing those
herein advertised. They were raised by Dr. Chas. Farquhar from
seed obtained from Mr. Thomson, who introduced them into the
United States, and are warranted in perfect erder, and free from
any admixture. JOHN A. BLAKE,
ap23-tf [Globe] Auctioneer and Comm. Merchant.
M ASTER HUMPHREY'S CLOCK, No. 2, is this
day expected, and will be for sale by
W. M. MORRISON,
may 15 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
rT O HERE.-A smart, active young man for out-door work;
- also, a lad of fourteen, a-customed to employment in the
house. Apply to Dr. Kearney, 5th street, near the City Hall.
may 13-dlw
IVE HUNDRED THOUSAND BRICK FOR
SAaLEat the Patent Brick Press, near the Navy Yard,
warranted to be at least equal to other bticks, and at the lowest
prices. Apply to JASPER DU PLON,
may 14-d4teod8t Agent.
HIGHWAYS AND BYWAYS, or Tales ofr the
U Road Side, picked up by a walking gentleman, (T. C.
Grattan) new edition, in 3 vols.
Shelley's Essays, Translations, Fragments, Letters from
Abroad, &c. 2 vols.,just published by Mrs. Shelley.
The Youth ofShakspeare, a novel, by Walter S. Landor, 3 vols.
The King's Highway, a novel, by the author of Richlieu.
Just received for sale by F. TAYLOR, or for circulation among
the subscribers to the Waverley Circulating Library. Subscrip-
tion to the Library $5 per annum, or $1 for a single month.
may 13
J ICKENS'S WORKS-Oliver Twist, Nicholas
Nlckleby, Pickwick Papers, & Boz's Sketches,
bound in uniform sets, are for sale by


may 6


W. M. MORRISON,
4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.


-H EADACH, and especially Sick Headach, arises from a
morbid state of the liver and stomach. It can be speedily
remedied by using Dr. Phelps's Tomato Pills. dec 5-6m
HEAP BOOKS.-Nieholas Nickleby, in 2 vols., com-
plete for 75 cents, (published at $2.) Oliver Twist, com-
plete, for 50 cents, (published at Si 50 ) Sam Slick, both series,
complete, for 50 cents, (published at 75 cents each.) Pickwick
Club, 2 vols., complete, for 75 cents. Marryat's Novels, each
complete, for 25 cents, all good editions and bound. Ivanhoe, for
37 cents, and others of the standard novels, too, many to enumer-
ate, for sale at the same range of prices at F. TAYLOR'S cheap
Bookstore, immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel. may 15
T pUCKER'S JEFFERSON, cheap, in two large oc-
Stavo volumes, price $4 25. Published at $7.
may 13 F. TAYLOR.
VIFHE AMERICAN REPERTORY OF1 ARTS,
A SCIENCES, AND MANUFACTURES, Em-
bracing records of American and other Patentinventions; accounts
of Manufactures, Arts, &c. Containing also Transactions of" The
Mechanic's Institute of New York," National Academy of De-
sign," "The General Society of Mechanics and Tradesmen," "Ly-
ceum of Natural History," New York, and other scientific institu-
tions, edited by James J. Masses, Professor of Chemistry and
Natural Philosophy in the National Academy of Design, &c. &c.
Published monthly, at $4 per annum. Subscriptions received by
F. TAYLOR,
apr 3 Immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel.
AVERLEY NOVELS.-Peveril of,the Peake, the
continuation of Parke's beautiful and cheap edition of Wa-
verley, is this day received and for sale at MORRISON'S book
store, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel. feb 26
.AIR, CLOTHES, AND HAT HBtUSHES.-Thc
.subscriber has on hand a variety of best French and Eng-
lish hair, clothes, and hat brushes. Also, a varietyofether articles
suitable for the toilet, at the old snuff, tobacco, and fancy store, 4
doors east of the city post office.
asp 6LEWIS JOHNSON.
LalIE ht)V WII lAM HUNif IHAitRISON, of
Ohio, by Richard Hildreth ; al-o, Life ofthe same, by Caleb
Cush;ng, are this day received, and for sale by
W. W. MORRISON,
apr 13 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
SUPERIOR SHAVING SOAP.-The subscriber has
an extensive vari,'ty of best shaving soap,- as Verbena
Cream, Gueslaln's Ambrosial Cream, saponaceous compounds
Oleophane, &c., at the old snuff, tobacco, and fancy store, 4 doors
east of the city post office.
ap 6 LEWIS JOHNSON.
"T"HE SENTIMENT OF FLOAT ERS, or Language
Uof Flora, embracing an account of nearly three hundred
different flowers, with their powers in language, with colored
plates, isjust published snd for sale t'y
W. M. MORRISON,
mar 30 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
A BI)DY OF PRACTICAL DDII INITY Ina series
of sermons on the Shorter Catechism, composed by the
Reverend Assembly of Divines at Westminster.. to which are ap-
pended Felectsermons on various suijects, 1,: i...i,. ',. Art ofDi-
vine Contentment, Christ's Various Fulne :, ) I i. .. WVatson,
formerly Ministr at St. Stephen's, Walbook, l.ondon, is for sale
by W. M. MORRISON, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
OTICE.-Was committed te tIe jail of King George coun-
L ty, State of Virginia, on the 24th day of February, 1840, a
negro man named SAM, who says he belongs to Mr. Wiliam
Vaughn, or Vawn, of St. Mary's county, Maryland. Sam is about
five feet five or six inches high; dark complexion, and about 30
years old, with a scar on his left thumb.
The owner of Sam is hereby requested to come forward, prove
his property, pay charges, and take him away.
JAMES ARNOLD,
Keeper of the Jail of King George county, Vs.
april 4-2tawtf
EGROES WANTED.-Cash and the highest market
prices will be paid for any number of likely young negroe.s
ofboth sexes, (familiesand mechanics included.) Allommunica-
tions addressed to me at the old establishment ofArmfield, Frank-
lin & Co., west end of Duke street, Alexandria, D. C., will meet
with prompt attention.
july 26-2awcp&lawdptf GEORGE KEPHART.
IN CHANCERY.
Circuit Court of the District of Columbia for Wash-
ingtotn County.
The Western Bank of Baltimore,
Vs.
Win. Prout, John Hoover, and John B. Steinbergen.
Y1hHE complainant's bill charges that John B. Steinbergen,
U. of the State of Virginia, assigned to the complainant, upon
the 17th of May, 1838, six several bonds of John Hoover, one of
the defendants, all dated upon the 23d of April, 1834, and each
bond payable to said Steinbergen, his certain attorney, executors,
administrators, or assigns, in the penal surt of $4,600, with this
condition, to pay the somn of $2,300, with interest from the sate,
until paid ; and the said bonds, payable as follows, in one, two,
three, four, five, and six years from date, all of said bonds being
now due. and all of them unpaid, and amounting to the sum of
$27,600, with the conditions attached, to pay the sum of $13,800,
with interest from the said 23d April, 1334 and to secure the
payment of all said bonds, as well as any amount that might re-
main due upon either of them, it is further charged in said bill
that the said John Hoover made a deed of trust of certain real
estate, &c. in the District of Columbia to Win. Prout, dated upon
the said 23d April, 1834, and recorded among the land records of
Washington County, in said District, authorizing and directing
said Prout to sell and dispose of the said property mentioned and
described in said deed, to pay the said several sums of money, if
unpaid, upon said bonds, upon the terms and as directed by said
deed. The bill charges that the said bonds were assigned for a
valuable and bona fide consideration, and that said Hoover and
said Prout had notice of the same ; and that the same have not
been paid, or any part thereof, but are wholly due, with the in-
terest thereon; and that the said Hoover has olten promised to
pay the complainant the same, but refusing and neglecting to do
t, the bill states that application was made to the said Win. Prout
to carry the trusts of the said deed into effect; and that the said
Win. Prout refuses to do the same : andithe object of said bill is
to have said property sold under thIe trusts of said deed. It is
also charged in said bill that said William Prout, John Hoover,
and others not known to the complainant, have confederated to
prevent tfe complainant receiving the just amount due upon said
several bonds. And for these and other reasons, it is stated that
the said Prout ought to be removed and another trustee appointed
in his place and stead to execute the said trusts, to sell said prop-
erty, and to pay the amount of said bond ; and that said Prout
ought to render an account of his trusteeship : and among other
things it is stated that the other d.i_ tiLodihl, J0l1hn B Steinbergen,
resides without the District of C.,ia,,'.t. ind in,, i,.l the jurisdic-
tion of the Court. It is therefore ordered, tits 29th day of April,
1840, that the said John B. Steinbergen be and appear in this
Court in person, or by solicitor, to answer and defend this suit, on
or before the fourth Monday in November, in the present year
1840, or the matters and things in the said bill of complaint con-
tained shall be taken pro confess, and such decree made in the
premisesas to the court shall appear proper and equitable ; pro-
vided the complainant causes the substance and objects of said
bill, and this order, to be published in the National Intelligencer
twice a week far four weeks-the first advertisement to appear
four months before tlhi said fourth Moqday in November next.
W. RANCH, Judge.
Copy.-Test: WM: BRENT, Clerk.
BRENT & BRENT, Solicitors for Complainant.
may 9-2aw4w


JI der the power ot a deed o t trust, executed to me ny John
Lynch, for the purposes therein mentioned, I will cffet for sale at
public suction, to the highest bidder, on Thursday, the 2lst day of
May next, at 11 o'clock A. M. on the premises, all that piece or
parcel of ground in the city of Washington, in the county afore-
said, known and described upon the plat of said city as lot num-
bered 20, in square 729. There is a frame dwelling and store up-
on said lot, and heretofore owned and occupied by the late Win.
Emack, deceased.
Terms, &c. made known on the day of sale.
J. P. McCORMICK, Trustee.
ap 28-2taw&d3tbs E. DYER, Auctioneer.
jI R. ARCHER (Graduate of the U. S. M. Academy
I at West Point) and Mrs. ARCHER'S Academy
for Young Ladies, Franklin street, second door east of
Charles street, Baltimore, will be opened on the last Monday in
April.
The Academic year of this Institution will commence on the first
Monday in September, and terminate on the third Monday in July
following.
TERMS AS FOLLOWS :
Boarding, including bed and bedding, per annum, $200
I,. ..., i1., per annum, 50
I .-i, a, per quarter, 15
English tuition, junior classes, per quarter, 12 and 8
French, Italian, Latin, and Greek languages, each, per an. 30
Drawing and Painting, per quarter, 10
Music, per quarter, 20
Use of musical instruments, per quarter 2 50
Stationery, per year, 4
Dancing, at Professors' prices.
Washing, per quarter, 5- - -
Fuel, two winter quarters, 2
Day scholars will be required to pay at the end of each quarter,
and boarders half yearly in advance.
The wishes of parents will alone be consulted in reference to at-
tendance on Divine worship.
It is deemed unnecessary to state specifically the various
branches to be taught, or the method of instruction. Suffice it to
say, that the Academy will be conducted on the most liberal plan.
REFERENCES.
Major General Winfield Scott, U. S. Army.
Rev. E. W. Gilbert, Wilmington, Del.
Rev. John Davis, Washington.
Rev. William Finney, Harford county, Md.
Roawell Park, Professor of Natural and Experimental Philoso-
phy, University of Pennsylvania.
Dennis H. Mahan, Professor of Engineering, U. S. M. Academy.
J. W. Baily, Professor of Chemistry and Mineralogy, U.S.M.
Academy.
Rev. Rob'tJ. Breckinridge, Francis J. Dallam, Esq.
Rev. John C. Backus, William F. Giles, Esq.
Hon. R. B. Magruder, David Clendenin, Esq.
Dr. R. W. Hall, William Reynolds, Esq.
Thomas Finley, Esq. Joseph Robinson, Esq.
Baltimore, Md.
Baltimore, April 22, 1840. ap 29-laf5tcp
C1LASSICAL TEACHER.-The undersigned desires
to engage the services of a gentleman qualified to teach the
Latin and Greek languages, to take charge of the classical de-
partment of his school. Letters (post paid) addressed to the sub-
scriber at Alexandria, will meet with prompt attention.
may [2-d3t&eolw ROBT. L. BROCKETT.
SALE OF STOCK OF WIN ES of John Vaughan,
at Philadelphia.-Theo subscriber being about to retire
from business will sell from his store, No. 32 Walnut street, Phi-
ladelphia, at prices within the importing cost, the whole stock of
his WVines, comprising the choicest lot offered for sale in this
country. These Wines have been imported expressly for his own
sales, and are of a character uniform with those that he has here-
tofore sold. No Wines have ever been sold by him, nor will any
be offered for sale, but those of his own importations. All are in
the original packages as imported from European houses of the
first standing. The Wines with wh:ch he has for years supplied
the trade and consumers, are referred to as samples of their qual-
ity. Many of them are of the very first growths and finest quali-
ty, and equal to iny Wines that can be obtained in Europe; and
a portion of the Sherries, Madeiras, &e. have been in store here
several years. The stock consists, in part, of-
MAI)EItAS, ) Of different varieties and grades, in pipes,
SHERRIES, hogsheads, quarter-casks, and eighths, and
and FOR PS, ) in bottles in cases of 3 dozen.
LISBON, superior TENERIFFE, in quarter casks.
WHITE PORT, SPARKLING BURGUNDY, MOSELLE
and CHAMPAGNE, Red and White HERMITAGE of 1825,
BURGUNDY, CLARETS in one dozen cases, FRONTIGNAN,
still RHIENISH and MOSELLE of various sorts, MALMSEYS,
CONSrANTIA, CURRACOA, MARESCHINO, choice LI-
QUORS.
BRANDIES, SCOTCH and IRISH WHISKEY by the pun-
cheon.
A choice let of Private Stock Wine, in various sized demi-
johns.
Also, MADEIRA and SHERRIESin quarter-casks, which have
had the benefit of two and three years' storage in a Soutihern cli-
mate, and which are particularly adapted for private use.
It is believed that so favorable an opportunity has not been of-
fered in this country to consumers to secure a good stock for their
cellars. Tihe trade may also supply themselves with wholesale
quantities on the most advantageous terms. Samples of all the
Wines are arranged for inspection, and any of those in wood will
be sold with tile privilege to the purchasers of having them bottled,
&c. i. the stores, thus having the assurance that it will be well
done and properly labelled according to description, and done ait
cost. Orders from any part of the Union (accompanied by a re-
ference for city payment) will have strict attention, and satisfac-
tion insured- Noihing will be sold but original single packages.
To those desiring less by retail, in any quantities or sorts, he
refers them with confidence to the store of JACOB SNIDER, Jr.
No 30 Walnut street, adjoining his own, wlho has for many years
conducted his wine business, and whose sales are exclusively from
his own and the undersigned's importations, and who will, on my
retiring, continue the business of importing Wines to order for
consumers and for his own retailsales from all the highly respect-
able houses in Europe from whence I have heretofore imported.
JOHN VAUGHAN,
mar 30-lawifcp3mn 32 Walnut street, Philadelphia.
r11HE AMERICAN DIPLOMATIC CODE, em-
te. L g..,'. : .lleotion of treaties and conventions between the
U.i.- I i1 nt. ,nld foreign Poweis, from 1778 to 1834, with an ab-
stract of importantjudicial decisions on points connected with our
foreign relations. Also, a concise diplomatic manual, containing
a summary of the laws of nations, from the works of Wicquefort,
Vattel, Martens, Kent, Ward, Story, and other diplomatic writers
on questions of international law, useful for public ministers and
consuls, and for all others having official or commercial inter-
course with foreign nations. A few copies for sale at WM. M.
MORRISON'S Book and Stationery Store, 4 doors westof Brown's
Hotel. april 27
Orplaats' Court, May 1, 1840.
District of Columbia, Washington county, to wit:
RD ERED, That letters of administration de bonis non on
the estate of' John Peters be granted to Robert Barnard,
unless cause to the contrary be shown on or before Friday, the
5ih of June next:; Provided, A copy of this order be published
in the Intelligencer and Globe newspapers once a week for three
successive weeks previous to said 5th of June next.
NATHANIEL P. CAUSIN.
True copy-Test: ED. N. ROACH,
may 16-w3w [Globe] Reg. of Wills.
OVCES OF THE NIGHT, by Professor Long-
fellow, in 1 small volume, just published, and for sale by
F. TAYLOR. Alo, Norton's Discourse on thIe Latest Form ol
Infidelity, by Andrews Norton. Also, Norton's Remarks on the
same subject, in pamphlet form. mar 18
MILES I PILES I PILES cured at last.-This
terrible complaint is warranted cured in all cases by the
true Hays' Liniment. In case of failure, the agents are forbidden
to take any pay.
*#* Never buy unless it have the signature of Comstock & Co.
on the wrapper.
Sold by Win. F. Bender, Charles Stott, and others; original
proprietor Solomon Hays.
ap 10-3taw3m [GloNatAm ir&Madj
rVIHE FRENCH PILL I--Of all remedies ever yet dis-
A covered for the cure of Gonorrhiea, Gleets, Female Com-
plaints, &c. &c. these Pills are the most certain.
They possess great advantages over the balsams and all liquid
medicines, by being entirely free from smell, and consequently do
not affect the breath in the least, therebypreventing the possibili-
ty ofidiscovery while using them.
Besides this important advantage, they never cause a sickness
of the stomach, and in the early stages of the disease they usually
ft.m. 'j cure in a few days with little regard to diet or exposure.
I, i..: most obstinate stages of the disease, they are equally cer-
tain, having cured many after every qmher medicine had failed.
Price one dollar per box. For sale by
R. S. PATTERSON,
nov 1-enly Smncessor to W. Gnnton.
(JOUNT JULIAN, a Tragedy, by Geo. H. Calverthof
Baltimore, just published, isthis day received for sale by
feb 14 P. TAYLOR.
INCIDENTS OF TRAVEL in Egypt, Arabia Petrmaa,
and the Holy Land, by an American, with a map and engrav-
ings. Tenth edition, with additions, in two volumes. Also, inci-
dents of Travel in Greece, Turkey, Russia and Poland, with
map and engravings, in 2 volumes, are for sale at the Book and
Stationery Store of W. M. MORRISON, 4 doors west of Brown's
Hotel. mar 9
ETERS'S DIGEST, third volume, completing and
concluding the Work, is1 this day received for sale'by
jan 4 P. TAYlOR.


N ON-RESIDENT TAXES AND MICHIGAN GHE BROTHER JONATHAN.-The publishers of
LAND AGENCY.-The undersigned will attend to 5- this periodical (a popular weekly literary and miscellaneous
the payment of taxes, adjusting disputed titles, reclaim lands sold journal in New York) have the gratification of announcing to
for taxes, buy and sell wild or improved lands, either of Govern- their readers and friends, that they have engaged the pen of N.
ment or individuals, in all the counties in the State of Michigan, P. WILLIS, Esq. and that in future this paper alone will contain
on reasonable terms. With several years' experience as a land the contributions of that gentleman to the periodical literature of
agent, and an extensive acquaintance throughout the State, the hiscountry.
subscriber hopes, by strict attention to business, to receive a share In making this announcement the publishers cannot so insult
of public patronage. H. N. FOWLER. their readers as to suppose the name and writings ofMr. Willis un-
REFEENc ES. known, or unappreciated, in any part of a country to the litera-
Hon. Wt. L. STOSnS, ture of which he has been so long a contributor, and with which
Hon. H. L. ELLSWOaTHi, Washington city. his name is identified. His reputation is of no mushroom growth,
T. W. HAND, Esq. ) butthe well-earnedmeed of years of application. Hi:popularity
ISRAEL MuNSON, Esq., Boston. is notenmporary enthusiasm, excited by novelty, and likely to give
Messrs. BRETT & I)nDOEMUS, New York. way before the next new thing ; but a deliberate judgment of his
MASON PALMER, Esq., Detroit. countrymen, seconded by transatlantic criticism, and formed and
Detroit, April, 1840. may 12-d3m recorded after literary detraction and envy had done their worst.
BROUND ALUM SALT-2,ti 1 sacks of Groun He has triumphantly passed the ordeal, and lived down thejealousy
Salt, received at New York per ship Katherine Jackson which mere mediocrity never meets; and nowstands, acknowledg-
and nfw on its way to this port per schooners Exchange and Alex- ed on uoth sides of the water, as among the first writers ofis ecoun-
andria. These desirous of a supply will find it to their interest totry-the men whose proud place it is to represent her literature
receive it from the vessel's side. abroad, and to lead it at home.
In store, 2,500 bushels bright and heavy Turk's Island Salt. The engagement of Mr. W. perfects the plan with which we corn-
For elsale by WALTER SMITH, menced the pub location of he "Brother Jonathan." We wish to
may 14-dl2t Georgetown. make it what its name indicates ; and while we never neglect to
nay cull the choicest articles from foreign sources, our ample limits
N OTICE.-The copartnership under the name and firm of leave us space to preserve for the paper a distinctive American
E. WATERS & CO. is this day dissolved by mutual con- character at the same time. We say nothing about the increased
sent. All persons having claims against the firm are requested expense to which this engagement subjects us; because we have
to present them for settlement, and those indebted will please call, ever fund that money applied to the improvement of the paper re-
without delay, and settle their accounts with E. WATERS, who Is turns directly in an improved revenue ; and we close with the ex-
fully authorized to settle up the concern. May 8, 1840. pression of our gratitude for a public patronage which has enabled
E. WATERS, us to offer terms to the best American writers, and to put the Jona-
J. S. HARVEY & CO. than in a position never excelled by any newspaper in the country.
N. B. The business will be continued at the same place by may 16
E. WATERS,
may 16-3t Corner of 12th and E streets. r'4RUSTEE'S SALE OF REAL ESTATE.-Un-


polis," &c. in 2 vols. Just received for sale by F. TAYLOR, or
for circulation among the subscribers to the Waverly circulating
brary, immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel. mar 27
H ARDHAM'S NO. 9 SNUFF.-The subscriber has
just received a case of Hardham's No. 9 Snuff, in quarter
and half pound canisters. The above imported to order and war-
ranted genuine. For sale at the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy
store, 4 doors eastof the City Post Office.
mar 18 LEWI JOHNSON.
T HE DUKE, A Novel, by Mrs. Grey, is just publish-
ed, and this day receivedTfor sale by F. TAYLOR, or fir
circulation among the' subscribers to the Waverley Circuit;ihn
Library. Also, the second part of the "Tower of L..nd.-,,.' run-I
the first part of Guy Pawkes," both by the author of Jack
Sheppard," and each illustrated with two engravings. Price 12
cents. ap 17
THE BLUE BOOK, or Official Register for 1840. Just
received by F. TAYLOR,
mar 30 Immediately east of Gadsby'e.
AYSON'S INDELIBLE INK.-Payson's Indelible
S Ink, a convenient preparation for marking linen, requiring
no mordant. For sale at TODD'S Drug Store.
M ADISON PAPERS.-The papers of James Madison
S purchased by order of Congress, being his correspondence
and reports oh debates during the Congress of the Confederation,
and his reports of debates in the Fedeiel Convent ion, ,uw pr'lmaii-
ed from the original manuscripts deposited in the [-sartmmr., of
State, by direction of the Joist Library Co0nmittee' of Congress,
under the superintendenoe of Henry D. Gilpin. Just' received
and for sale at the bookstore ofR. FARNHAM, between 9th and
10th streets, Pennsyltania AvenUte. mar 23


THE INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLS
A RE a certain cure for every curable disease'; because
they not only thoroughly cleanse the stomach and bowels,
and PURIFY THE BLOOD, but they also induce a proper dis-
charge by the Lungs, Skin, and Kidneys; in other words, they
open all the natural drains, and thus NATURE, the GRAND
PHYSICIAN, is left free to combat and conquer disease. __
It should also be borne in mind that the above-named ludian
Vegetable Pills are so natural to the human CONSTITUTION
that not the slightest dread of pain or sickness need be appre-
hended from their use, even by the most delicate ; at the same
time, if they be used in such a manner as to operate freely by the
bowels, and persevered with for a short time, it will be ABSO-
LUTELY IMPOSSIBLE FOR DISEASE of any kind TO
CONTINUE long in the body.
In all disordered motions of the Blood, called Intermittent, Re-
mittent, Nervous, Inflammatory, and Putrid
FEVERS,
The Indian Vegetable Pills will be found a certain remedy;
because they cleanse the Stomach and Bowels of all bilious mat-
ter, and purify the Blood ; consequently, as they remove the cause
of every kind of disease, they are absolutely certain to cure every
kind of Fever.
So, also, when morbid humors are deposited upon the membrane
and muscle, causing those pains, inflammations, and swellings,
called
RHEUMATISM, GOUT, &c.
The Indian Vegetable Pills may be relied on as always certain
to give relief, and, if persevered with, will most assuredly, and
without fail, make a perfect cure of the above painful maladies.
Prom three to six of said Indian Vegetable Pills, taken every
night on going to bed, will, in a short time, completely rid the
body of all morbid and corrupt hmuors; and Rheumatism, Gout,
and pain of every description, will disappear as if by magic.
For the same reason, when, from sudden changes of atmosphere,
or any other cause, tlie perspiration is checked, and those humrnors
which should pass off by the skin are thrown inwardly, causing
headache, nausea, and sickness, pains in the bones, watery and
inflamed eyes, sore throat, hoarseness, coughs, consumption, rheu-
matic pains in various parts of the body, and many other symp-
toms of
CATCHING COLD,
The Indian Vegetable Pills will invariably give immediate re-
lief. Three or four Pills, taken at night on going to bed, and re-
peated a few times, will remove all the above unpleasant symp-
toms, and restore the body to even sounder health than it was be-
fore. The same may be said of Difficulty of Breathing, or
ASTHMA.
The Indian Vegetable Pills will loosen and carry off by the sto-
mach and bowels those tough phlegmy humors which stop up the
air-cells of the lungs, and are the cause ofthe above dreadful corn-
plaint.
It should also be remembered that the Indian Vegetable Pills
are certain to remove pain in the side, oppression, nausea, and
sickness, loss of appetite, costiveness, a yellow tinge of the skin
and eyes, and every other symptom of
LIVER COMPLAINT;
Because they purge from the body those corrupt and stagnant
h-imors which, when deposited upon the Liver, are the cause of
the above dangerous complaint. They are also a certain pre-
ventive of
APOPLEXY AND SUDDEN DEATH;
Because they carry off those humors which, obstructing the
circulation, are the cause of a rush or determination of blood
to the head, giddiness, especially on turning suddenly round,
blindness, drowsiness, loss of memory, inflaimmnation of the brain,
insanity, and every other disorder of the mind.
ONE WORD TO THE SEDENTARY.
Those who labom within doors should remember that they fre-
quently breathe an atmosphere which is wholly unfit for the pro-
per expansion of the Lungs, and, at the same time, owing to want
of exercise, the bowels are not sufficiently evacuated, the blood
becomes impure, and headache, indigestion, palpitation of the
heart, and many other disagreeable symptoms, are sure to follow.
THE INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLS,
Being a cleanser of the Stomach and Bowels, and a DIRECT
PURIFIER of the Blood, are certain not only to remove pain or
distress of every kind from the body, but, if used occasionally, so
as to keep the body free from those humors which are the CAUSE
of EVERY MALADY UNDER HEAVEN, they will most as-
sredly promote such a just and equal circulation of the Blood,
that those who lead a sedentary life will be enabled to enjoy sound
health, and DISEASE OF ANY KIND WILL BE ABSO-
LUTELY IMPOSSIBLE.
Agent for Washington City-ROBERT FARNHAM, Book-
seller, Pennsylvania Avenune.
Baltimore-WM. G. COOK, 3 North Gay street.
OFFICE AND GENERAL DEPOf--169 RACE STREET,
PHILADELPHIA. feb 8-dly
EUROPEAN AGENCY.-The undersigned respectful.
ly informs the Public that he has fully determined not to
visit England, Ireland, and Scotland before the month of April,
1841. The agency will, however, be still continued and main-
tained at this place, and all documents or papers relating to busi-
ness in any part of Europe, either have been, or will be, !rom time
to time, transmitted to his substitutes at the different places.
The agency in future will be more strictly confined to such
business as can be realized, without much trouble or delay. Le-
gacies, hereditary property, annuities, and any sum or sums of
money received and paid over, in every part of England, Ireland,
and Scotland, and also in any part of the United States. Address
JAMES STUART,
ap 20-eo9t European Agent, Pittsburg, Pa.
HASE'S IMPROVED TRUSSES.-The improved
Surgeon's Trusses, invented by D. Chase, have received
the most flattering testimonials from every quarter of the country.
References to the most distinguished of the profession, and to
nearly all the medical schools, are made. The committee of the
Medical Society of Philadelphia, to whom the subject of a radical
cure of hernia was refers ed, say: The instruments of Dr. Chase
have effected the permanent and accurate retention of the intes-
tines in every case of hernia observed by the committee, without
material inconvenience to the patient, and often under trials more
severe than are usually ventured upon by those who wear other
trusses-trials which would be imprudent with any other appara-
tus known to the committee."
A full assortment, comprising every variety of form and size,
adapted to all thIe modifications of hernia, always on hand at
TODD'S Drug Store,
Where may be had,
Chase's improved Suspensary Bandage
Do do Abdominal Supporter
which physicians are requested to examine, as it is believed to be
superior to any other instrument of the kind in use, and at a
greatly reduced price, ap 20-
'ISHING TACKLE.-The subscriber has received a
.I small invoice of India Sea-grass Fishing Lines, Non. 1, 2,
and 3. On hand, a variety ofarticles, as Rods, Lines, Reels,
Floats, &c. At the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy store, a few
doors east of the City Post Office, Penn. avenue.
mar 16 LEWIS JOHNSON.
sUPERIOR DOUBLE GUNS IN CASE.-The
- subscriber has a few cases of very superior double London
made guns, with all the necessary implements complete, for sale
uncommonly low for guns of such quality and finish.
LEWIS JOHNSON,
jan 27 A few doors east ofthe City Post Office, Penn. av.
"i isE LIFE ANI) OPINIONS OF THE REV
M. WILLIAM MILNE, D. D. Missionary to China,illustrated
by Biographical Annals of Asiatic Missions, from primitive to pro-
testant times, intended as a guide to mmissionary spirit, by Rabert
Philip, author of the Life and Times of Bunyan and Whitfield,
the Experimental Guide, &c. this day published and for sale by
W. M. MORRISON,
ap 27 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
LARENDON'S HISTORY OF THE R BEL-
LION, complete in one beautiful volume, large type, Lon-
don, 1840, isjust received for sale by P. TAYLOR.
Also, thIe same work in two volumes, same edition, with fifty six
Tii r i ,portraits engraved from the paintings of Sir Godfrey
Kneller, Vandyke, Sir Peter Lehy, &c.
Also, Observations (by Alexander Trotter, Esq.) on the present
Financial Position and Credit of such of the States of the North
American Union as hnave contracted Public Debts, I vol. London
1840; Cooke's Memoirs of Lord B -,.1br kI., 2 octavo volumes;
Cooke's Life of the first Earl of -h..i,. ,-.,ir1, 2 volumes octavo;
Jeremy Bentham's Rationale of Judicial Evidence, 5 vols. octavo;
and many other New English works and new editions of standard
authors too numerous for the limits of a,, advertisement, just im-
orted by F. TAYLOR.
P OOR JACK, by Capt. Marryat, to be brought out in
numbers like the works of Boz, tlhe first number illustrat-
ed by three engravings, is this day received for sale by F. TAY-
LOR, price twelve anda half cents, mar 18
R OMAN KALYI)OR.-The subscriber has for sale a few
dozen real Roman Kalydor at 50 cents, and London do. at
$1 25. Also, genuine Florida Water at 50 cents per bottle.
At the old snuff, tobacco, and fancy store, 4 doors east of the
city pist office, Pennsylvania avenue.
ap 27L L. JOHNSON.
AMERICAN NAVAL BATTLES, in i volume of 278
pages, with twenty engravings, price 82 cents, is just reo-
ceived for sale by F. TAYLOR, being a complete history and
description of all the battles fought by the United States Navy,
fror, its first establishment to the present time. ap 1ll
VWHE BRITISH DRAMA, in two large octavo volumes
U-R of eight hundred pages each, well printed and handsomely
bound, with engravings, containing one hundred of the best plays
in the language, (excluding Shakspeare's.) Price for the set $4,
equivalent to four cents for each play. Just received by
ap l3i F. TAYLOR.
NEW WORKS.-The Husband Hunter, in 2 vole. Every
Day Life in London, by James Grant, author of Recol-
lections of the House of Lords and Commons." "Great Metro-