Daily national intelligencer

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Title:
Daily national intelligencer
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Newspaper
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Gales & Seaton ( Washington City D.C. )
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newspaper   ( sobekcm )

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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 2260099
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UF00073214:00027

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&iJL-


MationaL


4IH'nt~LripntAiEi~i~i


VOL. XXVIII.


WASHINGTON: THURSDAY, JANUARY 16, 1840.


No. 8399


PUBLISHED BY
GALES & SEATON.
TERMS.
Daily Paper-for a year $10
less than a year S1 a month.
Tri-weekly Paper for a year $6
for six months 4

PATRIOTIC BANK, JAN. 2, 1840.
A DIVIDEND of 4 per cent. has this day been declared
on the Capital Stock of this institution, payable to the Stock-
holders on Monday, the 6th instant.
jan 4-6td P. THOMPSON, Cashier.
St HE FARMER'S COMPANION, by Jesse Buell,
.r late editor of The Cultivator, being Essays on the Princi-
ples and Practice of American Husbandry, with many valuable
Tables and other matter useful to the Farmer, is just published,
price one dollar, and this day received for sale by
jan 3 F. TAYLOR.
C OMBE'S LECTURES ON POPULAR EDU-
CATION, delivered before the E linburgh Philosophical
Association, 1 small volume, just published and this day received
for sale by F. TAY I.OR.
Also, the Teacher Taught, by Emerson Davis, or the Prinei-
ciples and Modes of Teaching-
"You have much to learn, even learning only what others have
thought.' '"-Browne.
in one small volume. jan 3
A GLOSSARY OF ARCHITECTURE.-A Glossa-
ry of terms used in Grecian, Roman, Italian, and Gothic
Architecture, thie second edition, enlarged, exemplified by four
hundred wood-cuts, is for sale at the Book and Stationery Store of
W. M. MORRISON,
jan 3 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
ESUS AND HIS BIOGRAPHERS, or the Re-
marks on the Pour Gospels revised, with copious additions,
by W. H. Furness, is for sale at the Book and Stationery Store
of W. M. MORRISON,
jan 3 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
UR GLOBE.-This beautiful work this day received and
Sfor sale at the Bookstore of W. M. MORRISON, where
lovers of the fine arts are respectfully invited to call and examine
for themselves. jinn 3
iOR RENT-The threc-story brick house on F street,
near 13th street, now occupied by Col. Cross. The house
contains ten rooms, besides basement and attic. There is also a
good stable and carriage-house attached to the premises. Posses-
sion given on the 10th November.
Inquire of John Keith, at the War Office, or to
oct29-dtf JAMES CARRICO.
T HE PYRACANTHA, or Evergreen Thorn.--Rec.
ommended to the attention of the farmer as superior in many
respects-to any other plant yet tried in this country for the purpose
of forming close and substantial live fences.
The American Gardener, by John Gardiner and by David Hep-
burn, gives a full description of the Pyracantha, page 108.
The seed berry is for sale at the auction and commission store of
the subscriber on Pennsylvania avenue.
Also, cuttings of the Pyracantha can be furnished by applying
as above. JOHN A. BLAKE,
nov 12-lawtf Auctioneer.


C Ot)KIRY BOOKS.-Directions for Cookery, in its va-
rious branches, by Miss Leslie.
The Good Housekeeper, or the Way to Live Well, and to be
Well while we Live, containing directions for choosing and pro-
paring food in regard to health, economy, and taste, by Mrs. S. J3.
Hale.
The American Housewife, containing the most valuable and
original receipts in all the branches of Cookery, by an experien-
ced Lady, with the whole art of Cookery, illustrated by sixteen
engravings.
The Frugal Housewife, dedicated to those who are not ashamed
of economy, by Mrs. Child.
The Virginia Housewife, or Methodical Cook, by Mrs. Mary
Randolph.
Just received, and for sale at the Bookstore of
R. FARNIIAM,
dco 4 Between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania av"
rTiREASURY OF KNOWLEDGE AND LIBRA-
1 RY OF REFERENCE, in two volumes of eleven
h.m i l. .1 p mg.. .:, Ir i f.11 L.i.mi.I in leather, price for the set $3 75.
It c.n, m in Ill 'ir. l n ...tmu -l-'te English dictionary, universal
gfz '. -r:', dm. i-i', -, it ,r, ,,ms and proverbs, (English,) class-
iral dmi--.n-ir, ,l]'.nr,.r..i .1.Totations from the Latin, Greek,
Prenl.. I itii, mrn-r.,. &e,., with the English translation of
ex':h; a e,- I..pedid ta r _e.-'mniic knowledge; a biographical dic-
lionary I a chronl:g r.-al n Li, '-.miri ,, J i.L.ti- niry ; a law ,ldi
tierin drmn'oary of the .rocibl, irms, imind phases n f for.
Plmn lni mte -, hnth i EUnghhl ir.-li'ri.at; a r.inpendious
E-.alith ;:iut 'ii,,r ; .1 i. mii':h. --ther useful information. Justre-
r.,ve'l '.r :.Ie by F. I ,\I LOR, bookseller, immediately east
ofGm I.un's H .I.l. dec 9
'ATI'LED)OORS AND GRACES, &C.-The sub-
U scriber has on hand an assortment of Battledoors and
Graces, &c.; also, sets for various games o amusement, put up
in handsome cases, at the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store,
4 doors east of the City Post Oflice.
dee 13 LEWIS JOHNSON.
EST CAVENDISH CHEWING TOBACCO.-
Gentlemen who desire a superior article of Chewing To-
bacco are requested to call at the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy
Store of the subscriber, as he has now on hand a lot which he
feels no hesitation in recommending.
dee 16 LEWIS JOHNSON.
IEW OF THE STATE OF EUROPE during the
Middle Ages, by Henry Hallam, from the sixth London edi-
tion, complete in 1 vol. is for sale cheap at the Book and Station-
ery Store ofW..M. MORRISON, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
jan 1
g ENUINE STEEL PENS.-Perryian, Gillot's, Win-
r die's, Heoly's, together with a largo assortment of other
Steel Pens, selected from the endless variety now before the Pub-
lic, solely on account of their practical utility, though without
those glaring peculiarities and deformities by which many are
distinguished; they are warranted genuine, and to combine every
quality necessary for the most beautiful and expeditious penman-
ship, wlilst their durability and cheapness cannot be exceeded.
Those who are in pursuit of steel pens to suit them will not fail
of finding them at the Book and Stationery Store of R. FARN-
HAM, near 10th street, Pennsylvania avenue. oct 31
EGROES WANTED.-Cash and the highest market
prices will be paid for any number of likely young negrocs
of both sexes, (families and mechanics included.) All ommunica-
tions addressed to me at the old establishment of Armfield, Franuk-
lin & Co., west end of Duke street, Alexandria, D. C., will meet
with prompt attention.
iuly 26-2awcp&lawdptf GEORGE KEPHART.
PLENDID GUITARS.-Rercived this day at Station-
ers' Hall the best assortment of the finest toned Guitars
that has ever been offered for sale in this city, varying in price
from $12 to $100 each. W. FISCHER.
IlTE' NEW RECOPILACION of Land
W Laws, Charters, Local Ordinances, &c. &c.
of the Governments of Great Britain, France, and Spain, relating
to the concessions of land in their respective Colonies, together
with the laws of Mexico and Texas on the same subject; in two
octavo volumes, containing, also, Judge Johnson's Translation of
Azo and Manuel's Institutes of the Civil Law of Spain ; by Hon.
Jos. M. Whiite; put to press during his lifetime; is now just pub-
lished, and this day received for sale by
dec 20 F. TAYLOR.
WARRANTED FINE JEWELRY, BALL OR-
NAMENTS, &c.-I nm juis in receipt of an extensive
consignment of Fine Jewelry, (r.....r'irj in part of-
Hair Ornaments, Bracelets (entirely new pattern)
Hairpins, Breastpins (of various qualities and patterns)
Gold Mosaic do do do
Earrings, Fingcrrings, SilverSnuff Boxes (heavy)
Silver Pemmncil Cases, Gold Fob Chains and Seals, &c.
With a great variety of Ball Ornaments, etc.
These goods are from a respectable importing house of New
York, and are warranted to be as represented. They will besold
at private sale low for cash. JOHN A. BLAKE,
jan t-2w Auct. and Comn. Merchant, Centre Market Space.
LAYING CARDS.-W. FISCHER hasin store a large
assortment of the very best American and French playing
cards of every description, at the most reasonable prices,
wholesale and retail, at Stationers' Hall. dec 20
HE AFFIDAVIT OF ANDREW JACKSON,
. taken by the Defendants in the suit of Robert Mayo vs.
Blair & Rives for a libel, analyzed and refuted by Robert Mayo,
M. D., author of "Sketches of Eight Years in Washington," &c.
For sale between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. Av.
jan 9 R. FARNHAM.
V HE AFFIDAVIT OF ANDREW JACKSON,
T taken by the Defendants in the suit of Robert Mayo vs.
Blair & Rives for a libel, analyzed and refuted by Robert Mayo,
M.D., author of "Sketches of Eight Years in Washington," &c.
Just received and for sale at GARRET ANDERSON'S,
jan 9 Penn. Av. between llth and 12th sts.


THE AFFIDAVIT OF ANDREW JACKSON,
. taken by the defendants in the suit of Robert Mayo vs.
Blair & Rives for a libel, analyzed and refuted by Robert Mayo,
M. D., author of" Sketches of Eight Years in Washington," &c.
Just received and for sale by W. M. MORRISON,
jan 9 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
YSPEPSIA can be cured in every instance by a course of
Dr. Phelps's Tomato Pills. A failure in this complaint has
never been known, dec 5-6m
F RENCH SCHOOL BOOKS--Dufief's Nature Dis-
played, Mythologie de las Jeunesse, par Madame de Renne-
ville ; Fablesof La Fontaine, Fables de Florian, Recuneil Choisi de
Traits Historiques et de Contes Moraux, Le Brun's Telemnaque,
Charles XII., Bugard's French Translator, French First Class
Book, Vie de Washington, Addick's French Elements, Bolmar'a
Book of French Verbs, Bolmar's Colloquial Phrases, Perrin's
Phrases, Perrin's Fables, La Bagatelle, Easy Lessons, Tales in
French for Young Persons, Nugent'sDictionary,Meadow's French
and English Dictionary, Wanostrocht's French Grammar, Levi-
zac's Grammar, Perrin s Grammar, and Porney's Spelling Book.
For sale between 9th and 10tlOli streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
sept I0I. FARNIHAM.


FARMERS AND MECHANICS' BANK,
GEORGETOWN* JAN. 2. 1840.
HE Board of Directors of this institution have this day de-
clared a dividend of four (4) per cent. for the last half
year, ending the 31st ult., payable on or after the 5th instant.
ian 4-d2ww J.1. S ULL, Cashier.
EWV BOOKS.-The subscriber has just received from
L New York and Philadelphia an assortment of beautiful books
suitable for the season, amongst which are,
Tilt's Miniature Classical Library, ie cloth, morocco, and
calf binding
A variety of juvenile poetical works, by Mrs. Sherwood,
Mrs. Hemans, Mrs. Waterman, &e. &e.
Mentor, or Fireside Review by Rev. E. G Smith,
Young Ladies' Companion
Glimpses of the Old World, by Rev. J. A. Clark,
Fraternal Appeal, second edition
Visit to Grandppapa, or a Visit to Newport
Violet Leaf, the Story of Grace Harriet
Also on hand,
Comprehensive Commentary, by Rev. H. Jenks
McElroy's Report of Presbyterian Church Case
With a large supply of English and American Gilt Bibles, Corn-
man Prayer, Testaments, Hymn Books, and Dictionaries, all o
which will be sold at the most reduced prices.
Also, a large supply of Miscellaneous and School Books, Sta-
tionery, 0.
dec 31-eo2w JOHN KENNEDY.
LTENETIA, by D'lsraeli, author of "Vivian Grey," price
W 50cents, published at $1 25.
Henrietta Temple, by the same author; price 50cents, publish-
ed at S1 25.
jan 13 F. TAYLOR.
W ANTED TO HIRE.-A Nurse who has been accus-
tomed to the care of infants. Apply at the office of the
National lntelligencer. jan 1 -dtf
BEORGE WATTERSTON is prepared to attend to
such claims before Congress and the public Departments as
may be placed in his hands, and to execute all commissions with
which he may be entrusted. His long residence in Washington
las made him familiar with the routine of business in the public
offices, and the course proper to be pursued before Congress in
relation to claims, jan 7-eolm
0lO THE LADIES, MEMBERS OF CON-
. GRESS, AND PUBLIC AT LARGE.-The sub-
scriber has just received from an importerof French goods at New
York, a large consignment of Silk Goods and Fancy Articles,
such as-
Gros do Soic, Poult de Soie
Black Satins, heavy articles for merchant tailors
Do Velvet, do do do
Fur Handkerchiefs, fur Gloves
Ladies' Reticules, different patterns
Do Work-boxes, from $4 to $30
Gentlemen's Dressing-cases, from $5 to $80
Splendid Card-cases.
With a great variety of handsome articles suitable for a lady's
work-table. JOHN A. BLAKE,
Auctioneer and Commission Merchant,
Centre Market Space.

I am in daily expectation ofa splendid assortment of Embroid.
ery, Mantillas, Ball-dresses, Gold Patent Levers, and a variety
of fine Jewelry suitable for parties and balls. Due notice will be
given of their arrival.
jan 8-6t JOHN A. BLAKE.
ODGEBS & SON'S superior PENKNIVES,
warranted genuine, imported and for sale by R. FARN-
HAM, between 9th and lOth streets. Pennsylvania avenue.
BICKERING PIANO FORTE.-W. FISCHER
C has in store one of Chickering's best rosewood Piano Fortes,
which will be-sold at the manufacturer's price if early application
be made at Stationers' Hall.
FfHE WORKS OF JOSEPH ADDISON,complete
Sin 3 vols. embracing the whole of the Spectator, &c. for
sale at the Book and Stationery Store of WM. M. MORRISON,
4 doors west ofr Brown's Hotel. dec 16
OORE'S NEW POEM-" Alciphron," by the author
of Lalla Rookb, this day received for sal- by F. TAY-
LOR, or for circulation among the subscribers to the Waverley
Circulating Library. sdec 13
ORNITHOLOGY OF TIlE UNITED STATES
of North America, or descriptions of tIhe birds inhabiting
the States and Territories of the Union, with an accurate figure
of each, drawn and colored from Nature. Edited by John R. Town-
send, member of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.
To be published in Philadelphia, by J. B. Chevalier, in four
volumes, at ten dollars per volume, or seventy-five cents for each
n'nmb-r -,I fur plates, coming out every two weeks. Subscriptions
riceived bi K.. AR:tIt*i-wU8he-se a-specimen o6f the work may
bo s6eu. oct 8
A CABRD.-AII persons indebted to the subscribers are res-
pectfully requested to call and close their accounts to Jan-
uary 1, 1810.
jan 1I -eo3t A. W. & J. E. TURNER.
F LORA'S LEXICON-An Interpretation of the Lan-
guage and Sentiment of Flowers, with an outline of Botany,
and a Poetical Introduction. By Catherine H. Waterman. For
sale at R. FPARNHAM'S
School and Miscellaneous Bookstore, between 9th and
sept26 10th sts. Penn. avenue.
METROPOLITAN CATIIOLIC ALMANAC aind
Laity's Directory for the year of our Lord 1840.-For
sale at the Bookstore of R. FARNHAM,
jan 6 'Between 9th and 10th sts. Pa. Av.
NGLISH SYNONYMES, with copious Illus-
trations and Explanations, drawn from the best writers, a
new edition, enlarged, by George Crabb, M. A., author of the
Technological Dictionary anl the Universal Historical Dictiona-
ry, is for sale at the Book and Stationery Store of W. M. MOR-
RISON, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel. jan 6
" EARTBURN, or Sour Stomach, cured by a few doses of
Dr. Phelps's Tomato Pills. dec 5-6m
EADACH, and especially Sick Headach, arises from a
morbid state of the liver arid stomach. It can be speedily
remedied by using Dr. Phelps's Tomato Pills. dec 5-6mn
JAUNDICE is easily and speedily cured by a course of Dr.
Phelps's Tamato Pills. No cure no pay. Price 37 cents,
dec 5-6m
SCROFULOUS AFFECTIONS eradicated from the
constitution by a judicious use of Dr. Phelps's Tomato Pills.
dec 5-6m


G RAVEL cured in a short time by using Dr. Phelps's To-
mato Pills. dec 5--6m
S HAVING APPARATUS.-The subscriber has an ex-
tensive assortment of articles required for shaving and the
toilet, such as razor strops, soaps, brushes, &c. &c. all of the best
quality, at the Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy store, four doors east
of the City Post Office.
dee 18ELEWIS JOHNSON.


C ASH FOR N EGROES.-The subscriber wishes to
purchase a number ofNegroes, of both sexes, for the Lou-
isiana and Mississippi markets. He will pay the highest prices
the Southern markets will justify. Those wishing to get the high-
est market price will do well to give him a call at hisjail, on 7th
street, between the Centre Market and Long Bridge,at the rough-
cast house that stands in the large garden surrounded by trees,
on the west side of 7th street. Negroes are taken on board, at
the low price of 25 cents per day, from the country or town. Let-
ters addressed to the subscriber will be attended to promptly.
july 27-dtf WM. H. WILLIAMS.
FERDINAND AND ISABELLA.-A few copies of
this valuable work for sale at the Bookstore of
R. FARNHAM,
dec 2 Between 9th and 10th sts. Penn. avenue.
UR GLOBE ILLUSTRATEDI).-Just received at
0 Stationers' Hall the llth part of Our Globe" illustrated,
containing the 41st, 42d, 43d, and 44th weekly numbers. Sub-
scribers are respectfully requested to call without delay and ob-
lain their back numbers, as they will not have the opportunity af
doing so after this month, which will complete the series of the
first year. W. FISCHER,
dec 20 Agent for the Publisher.
OUVIER'S LAW DICTIONARY, adapted to the
] Constitution and Laws of thie United States, and of tihe
several States of the Union, with reference to the Civil and
other Systems of Foreign Law, 2 volumes, by John Bouvier, is
just published, and this day received for sale by
F.TAYLOR,
dec 23 Law Boolkseller.
T1tHE HOLY SCRIPTURES, faithfully and truly
M translated by Myles Coverdale, Bishop of Exeter, in 1535,
reprinted from the cuIy in the Libraryofhis Royal Highness the
Duke of Sussex, is for sale at the Book and Stationery store of
W. M. MORRISON,
Four doors west of Brown's Hotel.
URN ER'S CHEMISTRY,new edition, (1840) edited
by Franklin Bache, M. D. for sale by
ainn 4 F. TAYLOR.


M ECHANICS OF FLUIDS-For Practical Men,
e.u-i-l. ;.-_-r Hydrostatics, descriptive and constructive; the
whole i1I ,-,,l.1i by numerous examples and appropriate dia-
grams, by Alexander Jamieson, LL. D., author of Elements of
Algebra, &c. &c. is for sale at the Book and Stationery Store of
W. M. MORRISON,
jan 6 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.

P OCKET DICTIONARY OF QUOTATIONS,
from the French, Latin, and Spanish, giving the original as
we'l as the translation, and also the pronunciation of words,
phrases, and sentences, which are frequently quoted, and used by
authors, editors, and in polite conversation ; for the pocket. Price
12 cents. Just received for sale by
jan 13 F. TAYLOR.
VIfHE AMERICAN CONVEYANCER, cointain-
S ing a large variety of legal forms and instruments, adapted
to'popular wants and professional use throughout the United States,
together with forms and directions for applicants under the Patent
Laws of the United States, and the insolvent act of Massachusetts.
This day received, and for sale at the Miscellaneous Bookstore
of R. FARNHAM,
Oct 9 1 between 9th and Oth sts., Penn. avenue,


FOR THE SOUTH.



MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA STEAMBOAT
COMPANY YV.
A FIRST-RATE STEAMBOAT will leave Baltimore, from
the lower end of Spear's wharf, every TUESDAY and
FRIDAY EVENINGS at 3 o'clock, or soon after the arrival of
the cars from Philadelphia, for Norfolk and Portsmouth, Virginia.
Passengers going to Charleston or New Orleans will take the
Railroad next morning at Portsmouth.
This is the quickest and most comfortable rout. going South,
(only one change to Weldon, N. C. 277 miles, and eight or ten
by any other route to the same point, and part of them in tlihe
dead of night,) particularly at this season of the year, when the
Potomac is obstructed by ice.
This line has been in operation twenty-four years, and the Pub-
lic have never sustained loss in life or limb.
Fur passage apply to J. W. BROWN, Agent,
inn 2-6w Lower end of Spear's wharf, Baltimore.
FAIR PLAY--NO MONOPOLY.


00


00


PARE REDUCED TO THREE DOLLARS AND A HALF.:
Pilot line from Washington to Winchester.
T HE PILOT LINE STAGE will leave Brown's Hotel, Wash-
ington, every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday at 3 o'clock
A. M. via thie Marshall House, Alexandria, at 4 o'clock A. M.
Fairfax C. H. Middleburg, Aldia, Uprerville, Paris, and Mill-
wood, arriving at Winchestet in thirteen hours. Leave Taylor's
Hotel, Winchester, every Sunday, Wednesday, and Friday at 4
o'clock A. M. arriving in Washington in thirteen hours, in time
for the boat for Fredericksburg.
The Pilot Line connects with Wheeling, Parkersburg, and
Ml.,'ini.l.., to Hagerstown, and Staunton and White Sulphur to

The Pilot Line from W''n:,t- re,.'r ., Winchester, by Hutchison's
and Wert's, to Wheeling, through in fifty-three hours. To Par-
kersburg, four days, n ". i; in 1 iiiii-
OFFICES.-J. B. .in,.-,, V. l,.,-' i ; Edmonds' Marshall
House, Alexandria; SiiI, MlJl..I..,. ; Taylor's Hotel, Win-
chester.
Troy coaches, good and sefe teams, and skilful drivers.
SMITH, STONE & CO.
ang 5-reo6m L. HARDON, Agent.
STEAMBOAT LINE F'OR PHILADELPHIIA,
Via New Castle and Frenchtown 7Turnpike and
Railroad.



r 'nIE Steamboats of this line being now in complete order,
I will commence their regular route on Monday, thie 18th
March instant, leaving Bowly's wharf, Baltimore, at 6 o'clock P.
M. and Dock street wharf, Philadelphia, at IJ P. M. daily, (ex-
cept Sunday.)
The Public is respectfully informed that Ihe care, attention,
and comfort so much admired heretofore by passengers on this
line, will be strictly adhered to.
All baggage at its owner'srisk. Passage through $4. Mealsas
usual.
l" Freight despatched by this line with cate and attention, at
moderate prices. T. SHEPI'ARD, Agent,
mar 18 Baltimore.
S STREET ACADEMY, Classical and Mathtemat-
ical, third house irom the southwest corner of
1 2(th street.-This institution, now in successful operation, is
open for the reception of pupils.
Principal branches of instruction are the Greek, Latin, and
French languages, the Mathematics and Drawing. French is,
as far as practicable, the medium ofconversation.
Terms : $8 per quarter, without extra charge, except for fuel.
Pupils furnish their own stationery.
V The undersigned continues to give private lessons in the
branches above mentioned, as also in the German, Italian, and
s'; ; i-...-..- and in Comparative Philology, to persons at
1.e.3- .1 .. li,,,;, ..r it his Academy.
In addition to his pupils, a list of whom may be seen at his
Academy, lie refers to Messrs. AI. Dimitry, J. H. Oflley, and
Jos. S. Wilson.
jain 9-d2w CHAS. KRAITSIR, M. D.
C OSTIVEN ESS arises from a want of proper ae4Vun and
secretions of the stomach, liver, and bowels, especially in
those of sedentary habits. This is remedied by a law dosesofDr.
Phelps's Tomato Pills. dec 5--6m
HE HUMAN HAIR.-Clirehugh's Tricopherous or
Mcdi.ated C-Msmpmooni4 i. m-n.w k ,l uL-d lv iml5 t.tim-
a! remedy to prevent the hair in ev- r., *: Ir. i l, h'im.' 1" I, -
store lhat which isas fallen or become thin, to preserve the hair at
all ages from turning gray, to remove all scurfand dandruff from
the head, and to keep thie hair in time most healthy, softil, and glos-
sy state, yet free from all oily or greasy appearance.
This article is not to be classed with any of the oils, greases,
balms, compositions, tonics, or other humbug preparations of the
day, nor is it composed ofoil, grease, or fatty matter of any kind.
To the medical faculty all such substances are known to be posi-
tively injurious, notwithstanding what ignorant empiries say to the
contrary.
In New York, Boston, Philadelphia, &c. its virtues are testified
to by thousands, who use it daily; and no stronger proof of its
qualities can be offered than its superseding every other prepara-
tion at the toilets of the beau monde.
Price $1 per bottle. Sold by the proprietor 207 Broadway,
New York, and of his appointed agent, S. PARKER'S dressing
room, Gadsby's Hotel, and Mrs. PARKER'S Ladies' Fancy Store,
Pennsylvania avenue, dec 18-I1m
OARDING.-Mrs. CAMPBELL can accommodate five
or six gentlemen with board on 6th street, between E and
F streets. jan 8-colw
73EETH.-W. P. McCONNELL, SURGEON DENTIST, from
T 8, Ryder street, St. James's, London, has the honor of an-
rm ,,,.- lci. ,rial itn his native country, and has located himself
-i il,. % I. I .I. where he may be consulted on all diseases
connected with the teeth and gums. The insertion of artificial
teeth, cleansing, plugging, extracting, and the regulating of
children's teeth,,shall be done in a very superior style.
Mr. MCCONNELL flatters himself that, after regularly studying
his professi-n in the city of Philadelphia, pracfisimo sonio yearns
in America, and six years in England, Ii in-i, -.. ,i..l, aind
France, he is in possession of every advantage connected with
his profession.
Second street, Pennsylvania avenue, near the Capitol.
REFERENCES.
T. Sewalil, M. ID., H. Lindsly, M. D.
F. May, M. D., N. P. Causin, M. D.
dec 27-oolm
TAMMERING CURED.-Dr. COMSTOCK'S Vocal
Gymnasium and LJjceumfor Elocution, Philadelphia.-
This institution is open from the first of September till thIe last of
June-during July and August there is a vacation. All desirous
of instruction, either fir the cure of STAMMSRING, LISPING, or
improvement in ELOCUTION, may learn the conditions of
ANDREW COMSTOCK, M. D.
No. 100, Mulberry (Arch) street, Philadelphia.
1:1FRecently published, and for. sale by the author, 100 Arch
street, Comstock's Practical Elocution, or System of Vocal Gym-
nastics, with Remarks on Stammering ; illustrated by engravings.
V Dr. COMSTOCK'S Remarks on !' 'u, ,, and the nu-
merous recommendations which he has obtained of his System oJ
Vocal Gymnastics, are appended to his Circular, which shall be
sent to any one who may wish to learn more upon thie subject of
his institution. Satisfaietory references can be given in thie prin-
cipal cities ofthe United States. jan 7-eolrn
H~IE MANUAL OF PEACE, embracing Evils and
-Remedies of War, Suggestions on the Law of Nations,
Considerations of a Congress of Nations. By Thomas C. Upham,
Professor of Mental and Moral Philosophy in Bowdoin College,
is for sale by W. M. MORRISON,
jan 10 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
f|rHE FINANCIAL REGISTER, by Condy Raguet,
I. complete in two volumes, large octavo, contains avast amount
of documents, reports, and statistics, (American, English, and Eu-
ropean,) on thIe subject exclusively of currency and finance, com-
prising every thing of importance (of a documentary character)
tha' has gver been published on thatsubject, just received for sale
by F. TAYLOR. jan 10
OUTHEY'S NAVAL HIiSTORY of ENGLA.4ND,
by Robert Southey, Poet Laureate, in 1 vol.of 366 pages, full
bound in cloth, price 50 cents, published at $L.
jan 10t PI AYLOR.
ACRED PHILOSOPHY VOF THE SEASONS,
illustrating the Perfections of God in thie Phenomena of the
Year, by time Rev. Henry Duncan, of Ruthwell, Scotland, firot
American edition, with important additions and modifications,
adapting it to American readers. Just published, and for sale by
jan 10 FP. TAYLOR.
SRS. THOMSON can accommodate a Mess of Members,
as she has several unoccupied rooms on New Jersey avenue,
immediately southof tmhe Capitol. dec 17-dtf
O11 N PREVAUX, Resta irateuir, Sixth street, direct
ly opposite Gadsby's Hotel.-The subscriber hais the honor
to announce to the ladies and gentlemen of Washington, that lie
continues to serve dinner and supper parties in French or Ameri-
can style. The best of materials will be employed in cooking.
Also one handssme room at his Restaurant fitted up fir parties.
Members of Congress and strangers may have their dinners or
m d dishes served up in tie best mamner.
ov 26--eo2m
D ELAFIELD'S INQUIRY INTO THE ORI-
gin of the Antlqtaities of America, in on0 quarto
volume, with, many engraved illustrations, is this day received for
sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also, Doctor Morton's celebrated work m Crania Americanea,
a comparative view of the Skulls of various Aboriginal Nations of
North and South America, and of the Varieties of the Human
Species, 1 volume folio, with 78 plates, jan l
SMOLLETT'S NOVELS, complete in two large vol-
umes of 540 pages each, containing Peregrine Pickle,"
Roderick Random, Humphrey Clinker," Ferdinand Count
Fathom," Sir Launcelot Greaves," "The Adventures of an
Atom," &c. &c., together with a Portrait and a Memoir of the
Life and writings of Smollett, by Sir Walter Scott. Full bound
im cloth, price $3, (published at 5 50.) )
jan 13 F, TAYLOR,


WHITE OAK TIMBER. -

OFFICE ALEXANDRIA CANAL COMPANY,)
Alexandria, January 10, 1840.
ROPOSALS will be received until the 20th day of Feb-
ruary next, at this office, for furnishing White Oak Timber,
for the superstructure of the Potomac Aqueduct, at Georgetown,
to be delivered at the Aqueduct: one-third on the first of May,
one-third on the first of June, and one-third on the first of July
next.
The timber must be of the very best quality, free from knots,
shakes, sap, or any other imperfection.
The quantity required is one hundred and ten thousand feet,
board measure, in pieces varying in length from 15 feet 6 inches
to 16 feet 6 inches, and, in thIe other dimensions, from 12 inches
by 8 inches to 26 inches by 8 inches. Each piece to be hewn or
sawed to patterns which will be furnished by the company.
Proposals will be received for this timber in portions not less
than one-third. Proposals will also be received for the same from
persons disposed to furnish it in the log, and who may not have
at hand the means of dressing it according to the patterns.
Drawings will be furnished on application at this office.
R. JOHNSTON, Jr.
j min 13-eo2w Clerk Alex. Canal Company.
OFFICIAL DRAWING
OF TUE
LOUISIANA GRAND REAL ESTATE AND STOCK LOT-
TERY-CLASs No. 1.
Having superintended ti.. ., A-;|I ..fl,.. first class of the Lou-
isiana Grand teal Estate am ,. .r I. mi- m, we hereby certify that
the seventy-five numbers, from one to seventy-live, inclusive,
were severally placed in a wheel, at the time and place advertised
fior the drawing, and that the fallowinig arc the numbers which
were drawn, viz.
1st. 2d. 3d. 4th. 5th. 6th. 7th. 8th. 9th. 10th. 11th. 12th.
46 2 18 11 63 28 5-2 13 55 50 39 68
No. Forty-six was the first, No. Two was the second,
No. Eighteen was the third, No. Eleven was the fourth,
No. Sixty-three was the fifth, No. Twenty-eight was the sixth,
No. Fifty-two was the seventh, No. Thirteen was the eighth,
No, Fifty-five was the ninth, No. Fifty was the tenth.
No. Thirty-nine was the l1th, No. Sixty-eight was the twelfth
and last.
Witness our hands at New Orleans, this'31st day ofDecember,
1839. F. M. GUYOL,
0. P. JACKSON,
juan 13-3t Associate Justices of the City Court.
LA. A THOMPSON & T. II. HAGNER,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
TALLAHASSEE, FLORInDA,
Have associated in the practice of the Law, and will attend the
Superior Courts of the Middle and Appalachicola Districts, and
the Court of Appeals. Business entrusted to their care will meet
with prompt attention, ocrt 30-d6mn


IWOTICE.-By virtue of two writs of fieri facuas, issued by
Gilbert L. Giberson, Esq. one of the justices of the peace of
the county of Washington, and D strict of C(olumbia, at the suit of
Boteter &Donn, against the goods and chattels, lands and tenements
of Daniel Peirce, to me directed, 1 have seized and taken in execa-
tion all the estate, right, title, interest, property, claim, and de-
mand, at law and in equity, of the said Daniel Peircc, in and to
two small brick tenements situated in the city of WVashington, on
Pennsylvania Avenue, between 12th and 13lth streets, in square
No. 292, on the west part of lot No. 3; and I hereby give notice
that, on the 21st day of this month, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon,
on the premises, I will offer for sale the said property, so seized
and taken in execution, by public auction, to the highest bidder,
for cash. THUS. C. WILSON,
jan 14-eo3t Constable.


SHAVE FOR SALE the following, to which 1 inivitethe
attention of members of Congress and citizens of thie DI)istrict
generally-
The Penny Magacine in yearly The Penny Magazine per vol.
volumes handsomely bound, in monthly parts.
Volume 1832 -$1 I62J Volume 1832 $1 121
1833 2 00 1833 1 50
1834 2 00 18341 1 50
1835 2 O0 103 1 50
1836 2 00 1836 150
1837 - 2 50 1837 2 00
1838 2 50 1838 2 00
Eight monthly parts on hard for 1839 at 181 per part, S1 50.
Chambers's Edinburgh Journal.-Volume 1838 handsomely
bound, $2 75.
Volume 1838, in monthly parts, $2 25.
Ten monthly parts on hand for 1839 at 181 per part, $1 87j.
Penny Cyelopedia, in bound volumes, volume l to 14 at 82 00
per volume.
Penny Cyclopedia, in parts, at 81 50 per volume.
Richardson's Dictionary, in half Russia, at $20 00.
Sin clolh, at 16 00.
-- *. JAMES fntt~ilrtAT.,
o n 1 -.-. Corner of Cand 9th streets.
1 USICAL CARD.-Mr. F. COOKE begs leave most re-
v spectfullyTo inform thie ladies and gentlemen of Washing-
ton that he has located himself in this city, and will give lessons
on thie Piano, Violin, and Guitar. Terms, $20 per quarter.
Recommended by Mr. H. DIELMAN.
Please apply at F. TAYLOR'S Bookstore, near Gadsby's.
jan 14-eo3t
SNFORMATION W'ANTED.-Any information relative
to the heirs of Mr. THOMAS BALLARD, who furmierly lived
near Princess Anne, Somerset county, Eastern Shore, Maryland,
will be gladly received. He removed, about 1775, to Windsor,
North Carolina, and there married. His descendants are now
living either in that State, South Carolina, Georgia, or Kentucky.
Any communication respecting them, addressed to C. D. PRINCE,
Frederiektown, Calvert county, Maryland, will be gladly receiv-
ed and promptly attended to. Some of the Members of Congress
maybe in possession ofthe desired information, jin 14-2amn6m
OTICE.-The Trustees of the Upper Marlboro' Academy
Swish to employ a gentleman of suitable acquirements and
habits to take exclusive charge of the Institution as a teacher, for
one year from the 7th of February next.
Applications for the situation are to be addressed to the subscri-
ber prior to the 20th inst. JNO. B. BROOKE,
jan 14-w3w President Trustees Up. Marlboro' Acudemy.r'
ERY VALUABLE FAMILY OF SERVANTS
FOR SALE.-The subscriber is authorized to sell a
family of very valuable servants, slaves for life, consisting of a
man and his wife and hour children.
The man is a good waiter, and aged about thirty years. TIhe
woman, his wife, aged about twenty-five years, is of excellent
character, a good washer and ironer and house servant generally.
They have four children, a remarkably smart andactive girl aged
eight Nears, a boy aged six years, a girl aged four years, and a
child thirteen months, all in perfectly good health and handsome
and sprightly. They will be sold together; and if not disposed
of at private sale, will be olfered at public auction, at my auction
store, on Wednesday, thie '22d instant, at 12 o'clock M.
The terms of sale 3, 6, 9, and 12 months, for approved endors-
ed notes bearing interest.


jan 9-3taw&ds3tif


EADWARD DYER,
Auctioneer.


SUPERIOR HAVANA AND PRINCIPLE SE-
GARS.-Gentlemen wishing a superior article of Segar
arc requested to call and try those tihe subscriber has now on hand,
consisting of some ol Ithe most celebrated brands. At thIe old
Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store, 4 doois east of thie City Post
Office. LEWIS JOHNSON.
rtHE HISTORY 0F TIlE CHURCH ofCHRInT,
-B- by the late Rev. Joseph Milner, A. M. with Additions and
Corrections by the late Riev. Isaac Milner, D. D., F. R. S., Deaun
of Carlisle, and President of Q.ieen's College, Cambridge, from
tho last London edition, im 2 vols. is for sale by
W. M. MORRISON,
jan 8 4 d o as west of Brown's 1Hotel.
I'[tiS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscribers
A have obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington
county, in the District of Columbia, letters of administration de
bonis non, with the will annexed, on the personal estate of Edward
Murphy, late. of Washington county aforesaid, deceased. All
persons having claims against the deceased are hereby warned to
exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof, to the subscribers on
or before the 29th day of November next; they may otherwise
by law be excluded from all benefit of said estate.
Given under our lihands this 29th ilay of November, 1839.
MARY MURPHY,
jan 9-w3t JOHN PORTER, Adm. D. B. N. W. A.
HISTORY OF TlHE REVOLUTION IN TEX-
AS, particularly of the war of 1835, '36, together with
the latest geographical, topographical, and statistical accounts of
the country, from :-t1r-i *; authentic sources; also an appen-
dix, by the Rev. C. .' N Iti,. for sale at the look and Stationery
Store of W. M. MORRISON,
ian 13 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.


A GOOI) OPPORITUNITY.-The subscribers offer to
sell out their stock of Dry Goods on the most favorable
terms. Any person or persons wishing to engage in the dry
goads trade will have a rare opportunity of engaging in the above
business.
The stand occupied by the undersigned is a n old and well-es-
tablished stand, and would be rented fora term to the purchasers
of the stock. RICARDS, GIBBS & CO.
jan 13-eo6t Corner of llth street and Penn. avenue.
N. B. All persons indebted to thIe above will please call and
settle their bills witho,,t delay.
JMICHAEL MCDiIKMt 'TT wshis to in
firm his customers and the Public in general
that hc still continues to carry on the COACH-
MAKING BUSINESS, in all its branches, on
Missouri avenue, between Four-and-a-hbzlf and Sixth streets,
where lie keeps constantly on hand for sale Family Carriages,
Barouches, Vehicles, Buggies, Sulkies, Gigs, Carryalls, &c. mado
of the best materials and by selected workmen. He hopes, by a
strict attention to business to receive a share of public patronage.
Repairing done as usual, nov 25-eo3m
N OTICE.-The undersigned, commissioners appointed by
Charles county Court to divide and value the real estate of
Matilda Breot, late of Charles county, deceased, according to their
act of Assembly in such case made and provided, hereby give notice
to all concerned, that they will proceed, on thie first day of Febru-
ary next, on the premises, to perform the duties assigned them by
the commission. GEORGE W. NEALE,
COLUMBUS LANCASTER,
DANIEL JENIFER,
CHANDLER F. SHAW,
JOHN HAMERSLEY,
d1e 12-wtfl1 Commistioner&.


REGISTER'S OFFICE, WASHINGTON, JAN. 11, 1840.
D OGS, BUTCHERS' STALLS, LOTTERY
TICKETS.-Notice is hereby given that all licenses
for the above purposes having ceased on the 31st day of Decem-
ber, 1839, they must be renewed at this office.
The books will be open for the inspection of the police consta-
bles on the let of February next, when all persons not having re-
newed their licenses will be subject to the penalties of the law.
C. H. WILTBERGER,
jan 13-dlw Register.
N OTICE.-The Navy Yard Bridge Company have declared
a dividend for the last quarter of two and a half per cent.,
payable on demand at the office of C. S. Fowler & Co.
WILLIAM PROUT,
jin 13-3-tTreasre er.
' GREATEST BARGAINS IN SILKS EVER
OFFERED IN IHIS CITY.-The elegant as-
sorlment ofsilks, fancy articles, &c. which have been for sale it
my store, will be closed during tihe subsequent three days at cost
prices, as the owner wishes to leave at that time.
Gros de Soie, of splendid color and good quality, at 671 cents
per yard.
Other articles in proportion.
Ladies and others wishing to supply themselves would do well
to call soon, as they will certainly be disposed of at very mode-
rate prices. JOHN A. BLAKE,
jan 14-3t Auctioneer and Corn. Merchant.
URVEYING APPARATUS.-I have Just received a
set of very superior Surveying Apparatus, consisting of com-
pass, chain, wire stakes, &c. Attached to the sights is a tangent
scale for taking angles of elevation and depression. The Appa-
ratus is entirely now and complete in every respect, and will be
sold low for cash. JOHN A. BLAKE,
Sn 14-3t Auec'r and Comn. Mier. Centre Market Space.
FOR RENT, and possession given immedi-
ately, a very comfortable two-story brick house, situat-
S ed on H, between 18th and 19th streets, in the First
Ward, and within one square of the War and Navy Dapartments,
and is one of the most desirable situations in the Ward. The
house contains six rooms and passage, and has a good kitchen at-
tached to the premises. The house has undergone a thorough
repair, and is in the very best order. The property can be seen
upon application to the subscriber, residing in the adjoining house.
jan 10--eo4t DAVID HINES, Agent.
IR-TIGHIT STOVE.-Warranted to surpass all others
in comfort, convenience, safety, neatness; in exemption
from dust and smoke; in the healthiness, pleasantness, uniformity,
and certainty of its temperature; and in economy of time and ex-
pense. Five minutes a day time utmosttime-one cord and a half
of wood, or a ton of coal, the utmost expense for the year, in an
ordinary room. One kind for wood, and another for coal-each
stove to be accompanied with printed directions for setting and
Sii.. :1 Pi:.. from $6 to $20.
IM ... -.r,.I ..1. by H. & F. Stimpson, 127 State street; M. Pond
& Co. 30 Merchants' Row; and L. Jones & Son, 36 Union street,
Boston: by H. W. Miller, Worcester, and J. T. Bailey, Andover,
Massachusetts: by Yeaton & Garrish, Portsmouth; C. H. Plan-
ders, Concord, and T. H. Leveret, Keene, N. H. i by P. Hatch,
Woodstock; S. Gustin, Jr. Chel ea; A. Wainwright & Co. Mont-
pelicr, and A. Wilcox, Middlebury, Vt.: by Cheney & Achilles,
Rochester, and R. H. Maynard, Buffalo, N. Y.; and by James
Stewart, Detroit, Miehigan.
Apply, (postage paid, for rights, &c.) to I. Orr, Georgetown, D.
C.; or to E. C. Tracy, Windsor, Vermont, who is attorney and
agent in full for the patentee.
oct 23-w3md&cp

11f The Patentee says of this Stove: "My family
sitting-room, 15 f- *.. .. l., ? I- hi, was kept perfectly comfort-
able through the .. ,ir .- r -,.. I .1 wood ; and one cent's worth
of wood for the 24 hours has burnt day and night for weeks, with-
out goingout." Dr.S. Kidder, Charlestown, Massachusetts, says;:
" I have had this stove in use about seven years, and have found
it fully to answer time description of the inventor; I would not take
$50 for one of them if I could not get another ; and, with proper
attention to the door and damper, I will venture to say it will be
found the most comfortable, convenient, and economical of any
stove in use." Rev. A. Blanchard, Warner, N. Hi. says: "The
teat of this stove I much prefer to that of any other stove or fire-
place 1 have ever used. It is like a uniform, pleasant summer
heat. On thie whole, it is myopinion that, properly manufactured
and properly managed, no stove is so cheap, economical,safe, andti
pleasant for sitting-rooms, &e. One cord of sound, dry, hard
maple wood will nearly supply a room during the coldest winter.
1 would n ot be without one for twice this cost." Rev. J. Rich-
ards, Windsor, Vermont, (who has used it fur his Young Ladies'
Academy, &e.) says: "I have found time quality of the air in the
room better than that attending other stoves; it requires far less
tending, and I am confident there is a great saving of wood-I
J.,.t. f' ..I.i .ne-third to one-half. From my experience thus far, I
I- i,. .i,. ii.. Air-Tight Stove in all situations where I can." Rev.
T. Kidder, Windsor, V. *i, ., "The saving in wood is about
one-half, as com pared ,,..,, .' ,: r stove l have ever used.
Besides tills, itequalizes the air in the r,-,ur-i,. a hto i' tgie ittheap-
peaianceof the most pleasantsummer ir. I tilink iht- conveni-
enceof it for asick chamber will surpass "any thing else ever in-
vented." Rev. E. C. Tracy, Editor of the Vermont Chronicle,
says: Its perfect safety at all times, the saving of fuel, the little
attention that it requires, tihe uniform and equable temperature
that it keeps up in all parts of the room, the suimmer-like atmns-
phere that it gives you in the severest winter day, are excellen-
cies that render it literally incomparable." E. E. Phelps, M.
D. Windsor, Vermont, says: "In two points, if not in all, it sur-
passesevery other stove 1 have used, viz. in economy of fuel, and
in the pleasantness of the heat produced. I am very susceptible
to the unpleasant heat of a stove, but never have experienced even
the least unpleasant effects from this, even when heated quite hot."
This is owing to the compression of the air in the room. (See
large hand-'-ill.) ont 23-w3,mif
IFTY DOLLARS REWARD.-The case of Ar-
S chibald T. K. McCallum. 1, HenW Eubanks, col-
lector of Taxes in Dover Hundred. for the years 1836, 1837, and
1838, have ascertained by the proceedings before the Judges of
the Protestant Episcopal Church that Archibald T. K. McCallum,
while a preacher of that church, and at thi last general election in
Brandywine Hundred, presented a forged receipt for a pretended
tax which he alleged had been pnid to the undersigned, and that
the Inspector and Judges of that election, in spite ofall objections
to it, allowed him to vote upon that false and counterfeited receipt.
Said McCallum never paid a tax in the county of Kent in his
life, and was never assessed there. Some further particulars are
in my possession relating to this forgery which, in due time, I will
expose. For the present, and for the hope of d I' .' .-- one, if not
two villains, I offer, and will pay down a rewar- I i-iij dollars to
any person who will leave that receipt with me, properly identi-
fied, so that I may prosecute for this fraud and forgery of my name
all who were guilty of it. H. EUBANKS,
ian 6-2awlm Wilmington, Del.


!"-ERRY AT NOTTINGHAM.-The subscriber has,
I V at ensiderable expense, made such improvements in the
crossing at the above Perry as to be able to pass the same in
About one minute, the width of the Ferry being reduced to one
I hundred yards by the construction of a safe and permanent cause-
way. It was heretofore a mile wide. Persons travelling from the
lower counties to Annapolis will find this the best and most direct
road; and those travelling from this county to Calvert will find
great advantage in crossing at Nottingham.
GEO. CALVERT,
dlec 28q-wfw NoltingIamn, Md;


UN IT El) STATES HOTEL, Northwest Cor-
ner of the Public Square, MartInsburg,Va.-
S Tie subscriber having, at considerable expense, erect-
ed a new and commodious brick Hotel at ihe northwest corner
c'Ti ii "' in a. iii mr, -. King street,) oanl adjoining the
S.rih *. t i' ii .I .i '-- thea citizens of the town and
.h ,, js l r l, i- n ii1. I il i, generally, that hlie is prepared
i. t .,.i .,-.. i .-. .- r .... .- the line in a mode not surpassed
by any public-house in the Valley, and at prices accommodated
to the general pressure in the money market.
His Bar is well stored with the choicest liquors, selected by
himself in Baltimore. His Table shall at all times be supplied
with the best thitour markets can aford; and the Stable is under
the direction of careful and attentive Ostlers. The Chaumbers,
furnished in elegant style, will ever receive that attention due to
the dormitory of a gentleman. In a word, every thing shall be
conducted in first-rate order.
In the fitting up of the United States Hotel, the subscriber has
ihad an eye chiefly to the comfort and gratification of the Public,
to whom he looks with confidence for a patronage at onine the re-
ward of past endeavors and an incentive to future exertion.
Martinshburg, Dec. 26, 1839-jan I 1-weow3t A. ODEN.
__ PLANTERS' IIOTEL.-The subscriber offers
T for rent the above establishment, a large and convenient
I.. Hotel, with every necessary convenience attached there-
to, together with a good Race Course of one mile, laid out, and
may be fitted for Spring Racing.
To a good and popular tenant, tme terms will be made easy;
and with proper economy a fortune could be realized in a few
years. GEO. CALVERT,
dec 28-w6w Nottingham, Md.
F OR SALE OR RENT.-Delicate health and indiffe-
rent hearing admonish mie to close all my transactions,
and to lessen my agricultural pursuits. I offer for sale, on rea-
sonable credit, a tract of land containing upwards of 700 acres,
about five or six miles from Culpeper Court-house, well situated,
the soil red, easily improved, has plenty of timber, and is one of
the best watered farmsiun the country. If not sold, I would rent
it. Also, my residence-, .-...; about 1,200 acres, well situ-
ated on Mountain run, I .ir i -. fro- i. -.'i.' rand thirty
from Fredcericksburg. The dwelling I--I.. I .i : itin out-houses
are of brick or stone, yard and garden both large, enclosed by a
stone-wall; has plenty of timber, fine meadows, &c. ; it is well
calculated for grazing, and is one of the most desirable and beau-
tifuid situations in Upper Virginia. If not sold. I would rent one-
half or two-thirds of it to a good tenant ; on the part proposed for
rent is a valuable meadow, from which one hundred thousand
pounds of hay are annually cut; and a most valuable sulphur
-. ,, itmich has been resorted to most successfully for forty or
iii ': ; and, to a person who has a turn for accommodating
tihe Public, might be a source of great profit. 1 wish to rent
(with an eye to a purchase) a small farm, say from 150 to 300 or
400 acres of good land, on the Chesapeake bay, or the immediate
waters thereof. JOHN THORN,
jan 9-w3w Berry Hlill, near Stevensburg, Va.
fl'IE FOR M BOOK-Containing nearly three hundred
T of the most approved precedents for conveyancing, arbitra-
tion, bills of exchange, promissory notes, receipts for money,
letters of attorney, bonds, copartnership, leases, petitions, and
wills, besides many other subjects referred to in the index, by a
member of the Philadelphia Bar. A further supply this day re-
ceived and for sale by W. M. MORRISON,
jan l 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.


ANTED, by a single gentleman, for three weeks, with
or without board, a parlor and bed-room, on the first or
second floor, between 41 street and the Treasury Department.
Apply at this office. jan 13-3t
GENUINE MADEIRA, SHERRY AND PORT
WINES.-The genuine old Madeira, Sherry, and Port
Wines advertised by me for private sale are fast diminishing.
Those who like a good thing had better call soon and supply
themselves, or they will miss it.
I have received a few dozen first rate Champagne Wine, of the
Olive brand. EDW. DYER,
jan 13-3t Auctioneer.
RUGS, MEDICINES, c.-The undersigned re-
..spectfully informs the Public that he has received a new
and complete assortment of DRUGS, MEDICINES, PERFUM-
ERY, &c. at his Drug Store, corner of Sixth street and the Ave-
nue, between Brown's and Gadsby's Hotels, where he may al-
ways be found.
Physicians can depend upon their recipes being compounded
with care, neatness, and despatch, day or night. Reference to
the subjoined.
The undersigned, resident Physicians of the Philadelphia Hos-
pital, Blockley, from their acquaintance with Mr. Win. F. Bender
as apothecary in this institution, can testify, and do most cheer-
fully, as to his promptness, skilfulness, and correctness in putting
up prescriptions and compounding medicines. We can conscien-
tiously recommend him as fully competent to discharge the va-
rious duties appertaining to the business of an apothecary.
A. H. Vedder, M. D. New York.
J. E. Wendell, Assistant Surgeon, Memphisl Tenn.'
E. A. Anderton, M. D. New York.
3. C. Anderson, M. D. South Carolina.
Jos. K. Barnes, M. D. 1
Joe. H. Hopkinson, M. D. P hiladeitia.
George L. Taylor, M. ID.
Samuel Carels, M. D.
George Y. Webb, M.D. Albama.
Edward M. Moore, M. D. New Yark.
As also the following:
Win. P. Bender ihas been witi me in the Drug Department of
the Philadelphia Hospital, Blockley, where he has given proof of
his acquaintance with the business. I take great pleasure in giv-
ing mny testimony as to his capability to conduct the business of an
apothecary in all its branches. CHAs. H. DiNOEE,
Druggist in the Philadelphia Hospital, Blockley, and Graduate
of Pharmacy in the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy.
WILLIAM F. BENDER,
Jan l-eolm Pharmaceutist, of Philadelphia.
OOPER'S ISINGLASS.-Cooper's American Isin-
S glass, equal in quality to the Russian, for making Jellies,
Blanc Mange, &c. and at one-third price. Printed directions for
use may be had with it at
jan 13-6t *TODD'S Drug Store.
SIFE OF TIlE CARDINAL DE CHEVERUS,
S Archblshcp of Bordeaux, by the Rev. J. Huen Bou-
bourg, ex-Professor of Theology, translated from the Frenchby
Robert M. Walsh, is for sale by .


ian 13


W. M. MURISUOUN,
Four doors west of Brown's Hotel.


T HE SUBSCRIBERS being desirous of reducing their
-H stock of seasonable Dry Goods at low prices, for cash, offer
in part-
London Broad Cloths and Cassimeres
Fine Cassinets, of assorted colors
Rich Cishmere and Satin Vesting
Irish Linens, some of extra fine for collars
Table, Russia, and Birds-eye Diapers
Long Lawns, Linen Cambrics, and Linen Cambric Handker-
chiefs
White and Black Blond Thules
Silk, Cashmere, Lamnbswool and other Hosiery
French wrought Collars, with and without lace
French and English Merinoes
With many other desirable goods, all of which will be only sold
agreeably to the above terms. They request all persons who have
niot settled their bills to call anid do so.
jan 13- J. B WINGER & CO.


A NTI-MONOPOLY.-IIhe Citizens of Washington City
are informed that they can have Wood delivered at the de-
pot of the Bahtimore and Ohio railroad at the following prices,
viz. for good dry oak wood of unusual length, $5 per cord; for
birch, maple, and gum, mixed, $4 50 per cord, by taking a whole
car load of three cords. The wood will be delivered, Iree of any
other charge, at the depot, and must be unloaded by the individu-
als purchasing, who will be req-ired to pay for the same before
delivery. All applications addressed to C. B. C., and left with
tha agent of the Railroad Company, will be attended to.
ihn 13-5dlw
P O KINCHY, Confectloner, thankful tor past favors, in-
0 forms the ladies and gentlemen of Washington that he con-
tinues at his old stand on Pennsylvania avenue, between 10dh
ap I tush ansest' ,et istde, -whero he has on hand a large assot-
:ti. :nr F ,:,.i, B-,m B-ns and. ii .r C-..i .:r ir..Cirry i also, Truffles,
-ar.Jn(s. S-.jla' L1., S.iacas, Frmm..Im M-uia.J, Pickles, Olives,
L .lt.r, I l.in.vl 'i-t, C.
FRUITS IN SIRUP.
Canton-ginger, Pineapples, Chinios, Prunes, Quinces, Oranges,
Pears, Peaches, &c.
Also, a variety of Fruits in Brandy
Currant-jelly, Guava-jelly, Prunes in fancy boxes, Dried
Fruits, &c.
FOtEIGN AND DOMESTIC CORDIALS.
Marischino, Annisette do Bordeaux, Extrait d'Absinthe, Kir-
schwasscr, Curacoa, Lemon, Cinnamon, Perfect Love, &c.
SIRtUPS.
Capillaire, Raspberry, Orgeat, &c.
Rose Water, Orange-flower Water, German Cologne Water
A handsome assortment of Sugar Ornaments, French Sugar
Plums, Fancy Boxes,-Dolls, &c.
Also, a fresh supply of French Chocolate, Italian Maccareni,
Vermicelli, Shelled Almonds, Bitter Almonds, Paper-shelled
Almonds, Citron, Currants, Grapes, Lemons, and all other arti-
cles in his line of business.
Ice Creams, Jellies, Blanc Mange, Fromage Bavorous, Char-
lotte Russe, Pyramids, &c. made to order.
All orders for Balls, Dinners, Parties, &c. will be thankfully re-
ceived and punctually attended to at the shortest notice.
dee 31 -3taw2w (Globe)
IfltiL BIRDS OF AMERICA, from drawings made in
_- the United S:ates and their Territories, by John James Au-
dubhon, F. R. L. S. L. and E.
I. The size of this work is royal octave, the paper being of the
finest quality. 2. The plates representing the birds are correctly
reduced from the original drawings, and are colored in thie most
careful manner. 3. The work will appear in numbers on the first
and fifteenth of every month. 4. Each number will consist of five
plates, accompanied with full descriptions of thie habits and locali-
ties of the birds, their anatomy and digestive ( ,.-z., with, occa-
sionally, A ..I : r. -r.:- .. '. : Ib latter, and i1 l '. furnished to
subscribe-- I r. l ii,, i I.: *in delivery. 5. The work will
be published in accordance with a scientific arrangement of the
genera and species, and will complete thie ornithology of our own
country, it is believed, in the most perfect manner.
Copies of the above may be seen at lhe Bookstore ofrR. FARN-
HAM, between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue, where
persons desirous of subscribing are respectfully requested to apply.
Orphans' Court, December 20, 1839.
D istrictot C,-'! n'.- ,... II r. .---' ., ,. )i w it:
N APPI.I t IOlN, i- .-- .-- -..- lettersofadmin-
istration be granted to John S. Davis on time estate of Na-
thaniel Davis, deceased, unless cause to the contrary be shown
on or before the third Tuesday in January next: Provided, A
copy of this order be published in some newspaper of general cir-
culation in the city of Washington once a week for three succes-
sive weeks previous to said thiird Tuesday in January next.
NATHANIEL P. CAUSIN.
True copy-Test: ED. N. ROACH,
dec 30-w3w Reg. of Wills.
I ARROWGA'rE MINERAL SPRINGS, Monit-
gomery County, Alabama.-The Proprietors desire
to lease these well-known premises for a term of one or more
years. To a person of means sufficient, and of capacity entirely
competent to manage them, the terms will be liberal. The well-
selected salubrity of the site, the agreeable and healthful pro-
perties of the water, and their great facilities of access, com-
bine advantages possessed by few other places of public, resort.
Distant but two miles from Wctumpka, anti fourteen miles from
Montgomery, when well managed, their position will always com-
mand an extensive local support, in addition to their genera
patronage. Immediate posse-sion can be given.
Applications addressed either to
CH. CROMMELIN, Montgomery, Ala.
Or to GEORGE WHITMAN, New Orleans,
Will meet with prompt attention.
P. S. The immediate vicinity of the Harrowgate Springs pre-
sents one of the best situations in the State for the establishment
of a Seminary of thIe first class; in relation to which, any commu-
nication addressed as above, postage paid, will receive au im-
mediate answer, oct 23-eo3m
V HtlE BOY'S COUNTRY BOOK, ofnAmusements,
M Pleasures, and IPursuits, illustrated with twenty-two
original designs, by Win. Howett.
The B iy's Country Book is thie real life of a country boy, writ-
ten by himself, exhibiting the am-usements, pleasures, and pursuits
ofchildren in the country. It is well stored with ancedotts, tales,
experiments, and plays ; and; although written for the 1-oys of our
fatherland, the volume is of a character, it is believed, well adapt-
ed to be practically useful and entertaining to time famtuilics, and es-
pecially the sons of America.
Also, The Child's Gem, My Littleo Friend, Birds and Plants,
Parley's Christmas Tales, Parley's Little Gift, Parley's Poetry for
Children, Parley's Universal History, Anecdotes of Washington,
A Mother's Library for Little Folks, Thie Girl's Own Book, Par-
ley's Every-day Book, Parley's Magazine, all time numbers, with
Colored Toys ofeverydescription.
To be habl, at the lowest prices, at the Book and Stationery store
between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
jan 1 R. FARNHAM.
0O MEMBERS OF CONGRESS & OTHERS,
The undersigned, having several rooms not disposed of
would recommend them to the attention of those who are not
already located, having, as it is generally known, a room fitted up
at the Capitol expressly for Metubers, where they can be fur-
nished with dinner without any additional expense. Terms as
moderate as any other house in the city.
Apply at the house adjoining the corner of Ninth street and
Penn. avenue. JOHN FETTIBONE.
N. B. Wanted at the above place, a good Cook. One that can
be well recommended will receive liberal wages. None other
need apply. d 0 30-0o6t


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apartment made a single demand of money or of men which tinted from October to April; that the foe would show him-
S has not been granted ? Of money and of military no amount self but at places where he could not be reached, except at
DEBATE IN THE SENATE. has been asked for that has not been promptly granted. Un- the greatest disadvantage; and that his force has always been
der these circumstances, has not the nation a right to ask divided and scattered over this extent of 45,000 square miles,
THURSDAY, JANUARY 9, 1840. whether the war shall still go on at yet more than this dis- their wonder at this want of success will cease; they will see
__ graceful length ? We have given all that the Executive au- that it has arisen from natural causes, from causes which no
ARMED OCCUPATION OF FLORIDA. thorities asked, as much and as soon as they asked it. Why, human sagacity could foresee, turn aside, or overcome. The
Th ilt of Floe settle e. then, have they not finished the war ? Have the troops fail- Senators on the other side, I have been pleased to notice, have
The bill for the occupation of Florida by armed settlers be-.ed to maintain their character in the view of the country, or done justice to the officers and soldiers who have served in
ing again under consideration- to perform their duty to the Government, through want of those campaigns. Never was commendation better merited.
Mr. CRITTENDEN rose and said: The Florida war spirit, bravery, or perseverance ? Can you attribute this fail- Neverweremen sent intosuch adeadlyclimate, uponsuchdis-
has become a matter of distinguished importance, and the ure to the troops ? Sir, no country ever had a braver soldiery, heartening, thankless service. There is, arid has been, nothing
measure which is now under consideration is therefore enti- and braver have never been in the American service. Dis- to stimulate individual ambition, and the dangersofthe climate
tied to our soberest and most deliberate regard. In the vari- tant, inglorious, and obscure as is the scene of action, they alone have equalled all the dangers of active campaigns under
ous disappointments which have been experienced of our have gone on through difficulty and danger; not a murmur ordinary circumstances. Still the spirit of our countrymen
hopes of the termination of these hostilities, we have cast was heard; and they have endured and died in your service has not been wanting, even there. A single instance of
about our minds for the reasons of this protracted hostility, without a groan, cut off by the climate and the enemy, falling shrinking from duty or from danger; a single instance where
and for the means by which it might be brought to an end. unknown and unheard of, obscurely swallowed up in that the fight has not been sought when there was a prospect of
Notwithstanding these disappointments, I had indulged the vortex. Your soldiery now and heretofore have done and en- bringing on an engagement; a single instance, in a word,
hope at one time of the quiet settlement of the Territory by dured enough to weave a laurel worthy of the brow of this where a soldier's duty has not been performed in a manner
some means within the usual and legitimate powers of this Republic. They have there shed their blood and deposited becoming a soldier of the Republic, has not come to my
Government. But from this measure I do not believe that their bodies on the soil; and what do we find for such a sa- knowledge. No, sir: surrounded by disadvantages, and en-
there is one good result to be anticipated; and I think the bill crificeI Where are now the public laurels ? Are there any vironed by circumstances chilling to military ardor, there has
ought not topass. of them 7 Not a leaf. And what is the reason ? If we have been on all occasions an exhibition cf bravery, of cool, deter-
Mr. President, every consideration of economy, of humani- given all that has been asked; if the soldiery have well and mined courage and patient endurance, not surpassed in the
ty, and of honor, requires that this war should be speedily bravely (lone their duty, where are we to look for the respon- history of any warfare. Here, at least, we concur in ascrib-
terminated by the most effectual measures within the power of sibility for all this disgrn ? Who is accountable for this ing no fault, in passing no censure.
this Government; and there will be very great danger that disastrous war-for this long-protracted public ignominy? It would have been gratifying to me if Senators could
ineffectual or slow measures will have a tendency to prevent Si, I know of no other than the Secretary of War. We have regarded the conduct of the Secretary of War in a simi-
the adoption and prosecution of measures more effectual, are not competent to determine on the movements and opera- lar spirit, because, to any generous mind, it is painful to be
The adoption of an inefficient measure, therefore, would be lion of the war, or of the skill of this or that manoeuvre, or forced upon subjectsof censure; and in this instance, I be-
unfortunate, not only on account of its positive uselessness, of the qualifications and conduct of one and another Gene- lieve the foundation of the charges to be entirely imaginary.
but on account of its diverting the Government of the coun- ral; and we cannot look to them ; we must look to the head If the Secretary is to be held accountable for the disasters of
try from means which might be used successfully to terminate of the Department, who manages and regulates all. 1 look that war, it is important to him and to the country that these
the war. not to this or that action, or the Army or the particular year; denunciations assume a form somewhat more specific; that
How far, then, Mr. President, is this bill calculated to ef- but 1 look at the general aspect and progress of the war; and the charges be made so definite as to admit of a definite an-
feet the attainment of this object ? An invitation is here to I look to the Secretary of War as responsible for these gene- swer. Now, sir, I call upon the Senators from South Caro-
be sent out to 10,000 settlers able to bear arms, and they are ral results. In his hands we have placed the means of the lina and Kentucky (Messrs. PRESTON and CRITTENDEN) to
to occupy--what Is it the forests, the hammocks, the paths, war, plenty of men and money; he has had the Treasury inform us where they find the evidence of the Secretary's im-
or even the most secure portions of the country in its natural and the whole military power of the country at his command potence and want of energy; where and on what particular
state'? No, sir; they are to occupy places of defence ; they for four years. And what has he done ? Look at the report occasions has it been manifested. From the date of his first
areto put up in block-houses, and even therethey are to be of the Secretary of War. He there says 45,000 miles of your official letter to Gen. Jesup, in March, 1837, to the present
aided by the military forces of this Government. They are territory is in the possession of the savages, and Ihe enemy time, do gentlemen find any thing to censure in the instruc-
to receive even in these garrisons the protection of the milita- retains it after a four years' war. You are staggering, ex- lions given to the different commanding officers in Florida'?
ry of the United States. The number of settlers in each hausted, under what will not bear the name of a war-a If so, what instructions?, Do they object to the suggestions
garrison is not to be less than 40 nor more than 100. Sup skirmish with 600 savages. And are the means not enough of the Secretary in his various reports, except that in relation
pose you get 5,000 settlers, it will require 100 garrisons and If they are not, why not ask for more ? If the means are in- to the measure now under consideration ? If so, let them be
fastnesses to be occupied by them; and they are toconstruct sufficient, we ought to have known it; it is a matter which indicated. We shall then have something to direct our in-
these defenses by the aid of the troops of the United States, not we, but the Secretary of War is to determine. Iffouror quiries, something upon which the judgment can rest. But
with special protection from them at first, and general protec- five thousand men were ineffectual, was it not his business to now we can only meet these general charges by as broad and
lion afterwards. You are first to bring these companies of know it If 20,000 men were wanted, we ought to have general denials, and support such denials by calling the at-
armed settlers into existence; then you are to construct 100 known it from the Secretary of War. Why, then, did he not mention of the Senate to what the Secretary has done. To this,
fortifications for them by the aid of your military, and you call upon us ? Would not the expense have been less in a few without reading copious extracts from the documents on your
are to protect them by mevis of the military. Sir, cans all months, with 20,000 men, than to continue thus feebly and files, I shall briefly advert.
this be done in twelve months'? To effect this measure, ineffectually to squander your treasures? Sir, I speak of Soon after he entered upon the duties of his office, he re-
therefore, the war must be suspended for one year, while you this as a national misfortune, not unmixed with shame and ceived from Gen. Jesup intelligence that the war in Florida
prepare the means of fortresses and garrisons, and you must dishonor, which never existed to such a degree siuce we was over, unless renewed by the imprudence of the inhabit-
carry on the war after that. Heretofore, the military have were a nation. This war is unexampled in point of expense ants. This hope proved like similar hopes previously indulg-
acted to protect the frontiers of the settlements. Now, in the and bloodshed, with an enemy so small, and not only with ed-illusion. In the August following, propositions were
heart of the settlements, you are to build 100 fortresses. And no glory, but public disgrace. I desire that the whole history again made by several of the chiefs for peace; but the Secre-
what military will it require ? Will the whole be more than of this war may be given, so that it may be shown whether tary, as the correspondence and public documents abundantly
is necessary ? You have devoted their services to a new ob there is any apology for the Secretary of War ; and, if it show, was not turned aside for a moment from his purpose of
ject altogether. Will it require the whole force now to guard should appear that his conduct is justified by the circumstan- terminating the war in the campaign of 1837-'38, if a strong
the settlers shut up in garrisons t ce(s, give him at least that advantage. There is no nation force, abundant supplies, munitions promptly furnished, and
By the first section of the bill these individuals are called that would not do it. But we ought to weigh this matter well all the facilities for prosecuting the campaign with vigor and
settlers. But in what sense I They are required by the before we take it into our own hands, and out of those of thie effect, could accomplish the object. As early as September,
terms of the bill to inhabit garrisons, and to carry on a savage Executive, to relieve him of the disgrace and responsibility, arrangements had been made for six hundred volunteers from
warfare under the protection of your military, in perfect se- and bring them upon ourselves. If the Secretary of War Tennessee, six hundred from Louisiana, six hundred from
curity, in impregnable fortresses, wit4 the addition of a mili- has regarded this matter as a trifle for four years, is he now Missouri, with three hundred riflemen, spies, and an Indian
tary force. And they are thus to remain in idleness and se- awakened to a consciousness of his past error ? And is he force to co-operate with the Florida militia, and the strong re-
curity-till when ? Till the termination o' the war. And now prepared with plans to put an end to it? gular corps of artillery, infantry, and dragoons, already at the
the whole time they are to be fed and clothed at your expense. And what are those plans I Sir, his explanation of them disposal of the Commanding General.
And to do what ? Nothing; absolutely nothing. They are is about equal to the war itself. He says, before the war is Although the Secretary had always manifested the strong-
to be given the free use of the land adjacent for cultivation, brought to a conclusion, it may require other means than est desire to spare the further effusion of blood, and to save
But to what extent will they cultivate itl' What is the in- have yet been tried. But what are they Under this vague that deluded, faithless, and cruel people from extermination,
ducement for them to labor even without danger ? Sir, you communication what does the Secretary propose ? Has he he still declared, from the first, that his only hope was in an
have taken away the only inducement which civilized men yet any definite idea on the subject ? Or, by his ambiguities active and vigorous prosecution of the war. When the Che-
ought to have. You have agreed to feed and clothe them, and oracular mysteriousness, does he mean to keep the way rokee delegation went to Florida, with the avowed purpose
and for what else will they labor ? Will you send them into open for other schemes and other means, which he fears must of persuading the Seminoles to the treaty terms, General Jes-
a dangerous wilderness, and hold out to them the induce- yet be tried before the war will end'? In that conclusion we up was expressly advised that the mission was not to delay
ments of merely raising productions for a profitable market ? will all concur with him; but we should like to have known for a moment military operations. There was, on the part
What motive to action have you left to such a settler ? You what those other means are. Sir, I would riot dictate what of the Secretary, no procrastination-no delay. Munitions
feed and clothe him, for which he is required to perform no he is to do in this war, but I demand his plan, and I say the of war were transmitted in season ; supplies were forwarded
service. Sir, will he fight T Will he pursue the savage nation has suffered enough by these vague and irregular pro- in abundance, and the troops were in the field, ready for ac-
either to catch him or to drive him out ? No, sir, no, sir ; seedings. What is hie plan ? And how many men and how tiv operations, at the time proposed. General Jesup was at
they will all occupy their garrisons, receiving as a gift their n much money does he want to carry it into execution ? Let the head of about ten thousand men, and his force was cer-
food and clothing, and there they will do nothing till the war him take them, and be responsible for the results. This is tainly sufficiently diversified in character. There were re-
is ended. They will remain under a consciousness of per- the way in which all Governments proceed. gulars and militia, artillery, infantry, dragoons, marines, and
feet security. They are required to do nothing. Why then His other means are yet locked up as the arcana of state, riflemen, spies and Indians; and with this strong and, as was
should they seek the Indians'? They will not be required There is, indeed, a suggestion in the Message, that he will at that time supposed, well-appointed force, the General com-
to do so by the law, and why should they do it ? If they do want 1,000 more men. But these are not other means. He menced his campaign, to the event ofwhich the country looked
it at all, it will be from a mere spirit of voluntary adventure, says, furthermore, that from this bill he expects very benefi- with hope and confidence. He attempted, as the Senator from
Sir, it appears to me that we should make a great miscal- cial results. And that is all. Beneficial results! and he South Carolinawould expressit, todrag the Territory aswitha
culation if we should suppose these garrison citizens of yours wants a thousand more men, and other means may be raised! net; and with what success ? Our hopes withered, and our
to resemble, in any degree, the hardy and resolute pioneers Sir, believe me that it affords me no pleasure to make im- hearts sickened at the result. The Commanding General, I
of the West. They drove out the savages; but what was putations on any person; but I do not hesitate to make them believe, put forth all his energies, and his troops furnished to
the inducement there ? In the first place, while receiving no where it seems to be required. Still I would rather now deal him no ground of complaint; but he shared the fate of his
bounty or supply from the Government, with a determined with the subject than with the Secretary. But we can look predecessors. The toe was neither caught, conquered, nor
spirit they entered the wilderness, with wife and children, only to the Secretary for the loss of $25,000,000, for the great killed. I institute no comparisons between the different Gen-
without any means ofsubsistence but the rifle and the plough; amount of national character that is gone, and for the much erals who have commanded in Florida. They have been
and if they cleared and cultivated fields, it was necessary to blood that has been shed. Sir, the Secretary tells us that alike triumphant whenever they have met the foe, and alike
war with the savage, even beyond their bounds. In that 45,000 miles ofourterritory is in the enemy's possession ; and unsuccessful in expelling him from the country. These fail-
way, with the rifle and the plough together, they subdued and so far from our making any encroachment upon them, they uies are, and will continue to be, attributed to different caus-
setdtled that great wilderness. But you haveys not therefore ravage and ruin our settlements, with murder and fire, along es. I find the paramount obstacles in the climate, the nature
any right to expect that men secured in garrisons, shut up the whole frontier. Is not this a disgraceI And ought wt of the country, and the character of the enemy; and my be-
and protected, fed with public provisions, clothed at the pub- not to wipe it out as soon as possible ? I believe ihi. i.llt :1 lisf ;i lh w t, !,r-t. t1,,i ( ble in every dir.o
tie ex.,ose. lt.aken care o" L,. ihI nir.. ,i,:. .... k ....uh, b.in utitn I .i.s ,i o,.imn 1 e. A'he exi: i,.% deo. tion, and can march a column extending from the iGolf on the
tliu h|eoa t reward for all Ihis pacsive cecurlv arind uite. nands ,.iter nie.in-, h,, n. ,,v.ju,-ht to apply. I ill not one side, to the Ocean on the other, this process of sweeping
nance-sir, you hive no right ro I epectr fromu Lhm anN *,v bu i1 titnu] l.,iti r l..l.i.ti he mode of catching in- the Territory as with a net must prove fruitless. Itisavery
thing like the efficient services and gallant achievements of stead of killing; and', in that case, I would advise you to offer easy thing to discourse here of sweeping a country, embra-
the pioneers ofthe West. You throw away at the outset all $1,000 reward for every one of the Indians that shall be ta- cing forty-five thousand square miles, situated in the tropical
the inducements which led to such results, and you have ken as a prisoner. That would be an inducement; and, regions, with a climate genial to the savage, but deadly to the
therefore no right to expect them. Sir, I believe in my heart though I pretend not to prophesy, I am not afraid to venture white man-portions of it, still unexplored, abounding in pro-
that this measure will fail to accomplish any useful and pa- that such a measure would be very effectual. Men would visions suited to the habits of the Indian, and furnishing se-
triotic object, then engage in the enterprise ofthe exact character required, cure retreats, known and accessible to him alone-but to do
Sir, whoever was the author of the bill, it will naturally They woull inhabit no garrison ; they would not sleep in it is an impossibility. Experience proves it to be so ; it has
tend to the results which I have named. It may be a ques- peace and security, furnished at the public expense with pro- been tried again and again, with regular troops, with militia
tion, indeed, whether any thing effectual can be done for the visions and clothes. They would hazard their lives to seek with infantry, with mounted men, with Indians, and with one
prompt and quiet settlement of Florida. Perhaps it cannot the enemy, and their whole object would be to find them, uniform result. Twenty thousand men, for such a purpose,
be settled as the West was settled ; but whether it can be, without which their whole labor and peril would be lost. in the then state of the Territory, would have been no more
or not, I am perfectly persuaded of the inefficiency of this And, if they caught them all, it would lie at a public expense effectual than five hundred. But gentlemen will perceive, by
measure. It is far worse than idle and useless. The in- of only some thousands, instead of millions, glancing at the face of the country, as delineated on this map,
ducements which you hold forth for settlers are such as will Sir, I beg pardon of the Senate for the time I have occu- that, although all has not been accomplished, much has been
address themselves most strongly to the most idle and worth- pied on this subject; but I have been impelled to it by a sense done to make the provisions of the bill under consideration
less classes of our citizens. And when you get them there, of duty ; and I have spoken from no personal spirit of aspe- operative and effectual. You will observe that our troops, at
you cannot, by the method you propose, alter their character, rity toward any human being, but merely out of feelings of different times, under the command of different Generals, in
except for the worse. What men af industry and enterprise sorrow and regret at this unhappy and unfortunate warfare, various columns, and in almost every direction, have marched
will engage for twelve months, with the hope of clothing and We are all equally intent to adopt the best mode of ending it, the entire length of the peninsula from Okefenokee swamp
food, to be collected into squads, to be immured in garrisons, the friends of the Administration no less than others. They to the Big water, at the head of the everglades; but while
shut up from all those salutary influences which arise from were almost simultaneously commenced, and almost the whole they were passing down, the Indian was stealthily threading
good order and morals in society ? Sir, whatcan you expect of Mr. Van Buren's term has been consumed upon this war. his way up ; and while they were beating up the marshes and
from those that are brought together by such inducements, And those who regard this Administration like a bright lu- searching for his trail in the region of Kissimmee river, mur-
and to live such a life? There is more reason to believe that minary, shining on the footsteps of those who have gone be- der and rapine announced his presence in the fertile andt] set-
they themselves will beconverted into savages,than that they fore, must at least admit that this Florida war is a black and tied Alachua country. At the close of 1838, such had been
will drive the savages from the Territory. bloody spot upon it; nay, that it surrounds it like a black line, the results. The Secretary of War lad tested the inefficien-
Sir, I would not exaggerate; I would utter nothing from blotting it out, according to the doctrine of some-a consum- cy of mounted men-they could not operate in that country ;
party prejudice. But what do you expect from this meas- mation which the friends of the Administration will think is the enormous expense of the militia had been abundantly de-
ure Let gentlemen ask themselves this question; and then most devoutly to be avoided. I therefore think it best to call monstrated, and the total failure of the whole was painfully
lot them ask further, do you expect any service from these on the Secretary of War for his plan as to this war, and let obvious. Under these circumstances, what were the duties
men adequate to the expense ? If to be shut up in garri- him tell us how many men and how much money are wanted, of the head of the Department'? This is a question which I
sons, to be fed and clothed twelve months at the public ex- and thus leave the matter to the proper Department, taking shall answer only by stating, further, what was his action,
pense-if this is public service-then public service will the just degree of responsibility by suggesting a plan and ask- and leave thae country to judge of its propriety. When Gen-
doubtless be done. And what are you to pay for it? You ing for the means to carry it into effect. I think it the more oral Jesup was permitted to return to his appropriate staff
are to give to each of these men 320 acres of land at the con- appropriate and judicious course, duties in this city, all the troops which could be spared from
elusion of hostilities; and, if there are 10,000 of them en- our exposed and unsettled frontiers in other quarters were left
gaged is this sedentary service, their whole compensation will Mr. PIERCE said : Having determined to support this in the Territory under the command of that vigilant, ener-
be 3,200,000 acres of land. And what will be its values bill, not without some hesitation, it was my intention, after getic, and able officer General Taylor. In prosecuting any
Will it be less than from five to ten millions of dollars'! Sir, the full and minute exposition made by the Chairman of the campaign, it is well known that much must, of necessity, be
the privilege of selecting 3,000,000 from 30 000,000 acres Committee on Military Affairs, (Mr. BENTON,) to give a si- left to the judgment and military genius of the commander, to
of land-is not this itself a privilege worth 810,000,000'? Is lent vote; and I should have done so, but flur the extraordi- be exercised on the spot. In October, 1838, the Secretary
this the best way to apply the public property ? If it is not, nary course of argument pursued on the other side, and the gave General Taylor general instructions as to the manner
you ought not so to apply it. You are the guardians of the sweeping denunciations of the Executive in which gentlemen in which the succeeding campaign should be conducted. In
public interests; and you are therefore called upon to decide have chosen to indulge-denunciations which I cannot but re- those instructions the protection of Middle Florida against
whether this is the bestway to apply thisamountof property, gard as wholly unwarranted and unjust. If Senators will the incursions of the Seminoles was male the first object. To
But let me take another view of the subject. If this bill withdraw their thoughts from these general charges of a want attain this, the establishment of an interior anul exterior line
could be carried out, and if each of these men would make a of zeal, forecast, and energy on the part of the Executive- of posts, to extend across the peninsula from the Gulf to the
settlement on his land as his resource and future home, there lay aside all prejudices which such charges may be calculated Ocean, was recommended. These and various other sugges-
would beat least some consolation for this loss of the public to engender-and consider for a few moments the nature of tions, contained in the letter of the Secretary of October 8,
property. We might, at least, thus help in raising up useful the Territory in which our troops have operated and must 1838, formed the basis of General Taylor's instructions for
and respectable citizens. But do you remember, sir, that in continue to operate-the character of the foe-our present that campaign. Unfortunately, the great and first object of
your last war with Great Britain you offered as a bounty to means, artd the condition of that country-they will be more the Secretary was not secured, and the exposure encountered
each of your soldiers 160 acres of good land, all fit for culti- likely to do justice to the distinguished individual now at the and the immense labor performed by the columns of the Ar-
vation, to be surveyed and laid off at the expense of Gov- head of the War Department, whose conduct in relation to my, under the direction of General Taylor and Colonel Da-
eminent? And what became of that land ? Did your sol- the operations on that ill-f~ 'd peninsula I have, during this venport, were crowned wilh no better success than ihat which
dies after the war retire to the homes you had thus provided debate, heard censured for the first time, and much more like- b.'d attended similar attempts before. In the mean time, the
for them ? Did they become freeholders, converting their ly to adopt those legislative measures which the exigencies of wisdom of Congress interposed. Military operations were
arms into ploughshares ? Did they go to work on their the case, with a full view of all the difficulties and embarrass- suspended, and negotiations substituted in their place; not
bounty lands? No, sir ; every gentleman here knows that mentswithwhichitissurrounded,mayrequire. Thereismuch upon any suggestion of the Secretary, be it remembered, but
almost the whole of this portion of the public domain was truthin aremnarkofGen.St.Clairintheintroductiontothehis- against his known and expressed opinions. The result of
squandered and given away by these prospective settlers, tory of his own disastrous Indian campaign. He says: In the negotiation is written in blood. The obligations of the
through speculation and fraudulent bargains, from one end military affairs blame is almost alwvays attached to misfortune; treaty were not regarded for a moment; they were not in-
of the country to the other. These claims were to be had for the greatest part of those who judge (anl all will judge) tended to be observed on the part of the Indians at the time
in any number you pleased, at any of the auctioneers' or have no rule to guide them but the event." Now, sir, in this of its execution, as is proved by the burnings, robberies, and
brokers' shops in this city, at from $20 to $50 each. That country there has never been a case where the event of mili- murders that immediately followed-some of them within four
was then the result, and, depend upon it, these 320 acres tary operations was so much calculated to lead the mind to er- miles of one of the olsest, if not the oldjt town within the li-
which you are to give to each settler in this case will be swal- roieous, unjust, and uncharitble conclusions as those which mits of the United States.
lowed un in the vortex of exactly the same sort of speculation. we are now considering. That the Florida war has, in all its Such is a very brief and imperfect outline of what the Sec-


Had we not then better adopt another mode i Let us pay aspects, been most disastrous a'nd melancholy, many of us retary of War has done, and for his full, complete, and tri-
them as we pay our regular soldiers. The pay in money is feel-all are ready to admit. The blood of our patriotic citi- umphant vindication against the general charges preferred, I
fixed and certain ; but here you give land which is uncertain ; zens has been poured out there like water, the lives of many refer to the public documents and correspondence upon your
and, in the mean time, the soldiers, or rather, the speculators, of our most able officers and faithful soldiershave been sacri- files, embracing the details of the history to which I have
will, on the whole, always get the advantage of us. Why, ficed, and the resources of the nation have been drained in a thus cursorily adverted. The eye of the Secretary could not
then, adopt this mode ? Are you unable to raise money for hitherto fruitless attempt to remove cruel, artful, and treach- be expected to reach where it is not given to mortal vision to
this war ? Can y'bu get enough neither of the constitutional erous bands of savages, whom no treaty obligations can bind, penetrate. He could not be expected to accomplish that which
currency nor of Treasury notes to keep up a strife with 600 and whose tender mercies are manifested in the deliberate and it is not given to man to achieve. I believe, with all the diffi-
or 700 miserable savages ? Is that the condition to which indiscriminate murder of helpless infants and defenceless culties of the case, he has made the best of the means in his
we are reduced? Sir, if this system is adopted, and these mothers. Now, that portions of our army, varying from four power. In considering the measure now proposed, it is ma-
men must be paid, without any service in return, let them be to ten thousand men, should have been, during the last five trial to remember not only the failure of the large armies, with
paid in money ; it is but equal justice to them and to the rest years, within our ownterritory, in a conflictwith remnantsof theimmense expense incurred,and thedisastrous terminations
of your soldiers ; and you will know then what you are giv- savage tribes, not embracing at any time, it is believed, more ofevery attempt at negotiation, butalso tobearin mind the very
ing, which now you do not. On this plan, one settler may than twelve or fifteen hundred warriors; and that, with the important fact that there is no war in the Territory, and has
get what ten more will not get. And the measure is unjust exception of the roads and improvements which have been been none for a long time, in the proper acceptation of the
to the Republic, because the expense will, on the whole, be made, the geographical knowledge that has been acquired, term. There has been no fighting for more than two years.
more than if paid in money. It is unjust, further, because it and the experience gained, which, I trust, we shall not be The Indian force now remaining does not, probably, exceed
will result in an advantage to the monopolists of land. While disposed to disregard, we are in a condition hardly better than from three to five hundred men, scattered in small bands over
your own lands are settled at the usual price, these 3,000,000 that which called our troops there in the first instance, is cer- this extended area. That they should be expelled as soon as
will be within the grasp of speculators for some $10 or $50 tainly very extraordinary upon the face ot it; and yet, if gen- practicable, by all reasonable means, is universally conceded;
or $100 a patent of 320 acres, tlemen, here and elsewhere, will carefully examine this map, but the Secretary who would sanction a recommendation to
The Senator from South Carolina (Mr. PREsToN)has said make themselves acquainted with the topography of the coun- saddle this counttry with the expense of an army of twenty,
nearly all that can be said on this subject. I believe, with try, and notice the fact that, below aline drawn from Tampa fifteen, or ten thousand men, as has been suggested, to hunlt
him, that this measure will not be successful in the termina- Bay to a point near New Smyrna, nothing was known to any these three hundred savages, would not only find little sup-
lion of the war. The war has been now in progress four white man of this immense territory; that it was wholly un- port for his recommendation here, but less before the People,
years, and to this day there is no end of it to be seen ; and explored except by the savage, who was familiar with all its who are wisely and justly jealous of large standing armies.
unless this, like all things earthly, must end, we might say recesses and fastnesses; that in almost every direction it was To expel the last vestige of these banditti, and to give peace
that we are now as far from the end of it as ever. Yet we impassable for troops, and especially for baggage trains; and security to the whole of that peninsula, must be the work
have already spent $25,000,000, and how much life and bloodI that for long distances together a column could not advance of time. In the meanwhile, the settler in his home, and the
I cannot sum up. during the whole period, Congresas ha without constructing corduroy road; that, in consequence of shipwrecked mariner upon the coast, must find protection in
d940 every thing thw a ben culleAd far, Sir1 ha tht Dhe the deadly climate, to aQlvo campaigla oould only beo on- qr 4mO, nd feeool thtt there is security from IIndian barbarity,


To attain these objects, the instructions already given for the
disposition and employment of the force now there, and the
legislative measures we are considering, are well adapted, and,
in my judgment, sanctioned by sound policy, drawn from
past experience and present knowledge. Troops are now
stationed along the Atlantic coast for the protection of Com-
merce at New Smyrna, St. Lucie's Sound, at Jupiter Inlet,
and other convenient and commanding points. Protection,
too, is afforded on the Gulf. By the exertions of Gen. Tay-
lor's force, now actively employed, as I notice by a letter of
the 11th ult., the settled portions of the Territory will soon be
relieved from every individual of this murderous race. What
more, then, is proposed to be done? For the protection of
the coast, as we have seen, provision has already been made.
That the settler may cultivate his fields by day, and repose in
peace with his family at night, a cordon of posts, at short
distances from each other, is to be established from the mouth
of the Withlacoochee, by Fort King, to a point near New
Smyrna, connected by good roads, when necessary, and the
intermediate spaces guarded by constant patrols. In addi-
tion to this, the Secretary, in his report, asks that the Execu-
tive may be empowered to raise one thousand men, who are
to be armed, drilled, and equipped expressly for this service,
and to serve during the war. Judging from the spirit of
liberality recently manifested on the other side, I anticipated
no objection to this recommendation. With the regular army
stationed on the coast, and at the cordon of posts before indi-
cated, such a body of men can hardly fail to prove, in the
highest degree, serviceable in their active operations between
Fort King and Cape Sable. They will, undoubtedly, in con-
junction with such regular troops as can be spared from the
posts, he able to keep some of the small bands of marauders
in constant motion, and so to harass them, by pursuing their
trails, and disturbing them in their places of retreat, as to make
emigration, which they so much dread, preferable to such a
life. The Indians will soon learn that, while they are effect-
ually shut out from the coasts and the white settlements, this
is a force which is to be permanent-to remain there as long
as they remain, and to be constantly in motion. To carry
out, to a certain extent, Gen. Taylor's idea of" covering the
whole country," this bill proposes ten thousand armed set-
tlers, instead of the armed force of mere soldiers, which has
been tried and failed. As was intimated at the opening of my
remarks, I cannot indulge the sanguine hopes with which
some of the most ardent friends of the bill seem to be in-
spired; but there are, undeniably, many strong considera-
tions by which it is recommended. The expulsion of the
savage must, at best, be the work of time. The establish-
ment often thousand hardy settlers, considering the geograph-
ical position of the peninsula, and its vast importance in any
future war to all the southern country as a point of attack
and defence, would, in itself, be an object richly worth the
3,200,000 acres of land provided for the whole number, should
so many settlers be obtained. The bill is well guarded, both
for the Government and the settler. An important provision
is, that the pay is to depend upon the success of the project.
The bounty is not to be granted until the work is performed.
Now, sir, I take our own experience in this war as my
guide. It is idle to go abroad for illustrations to enforce our
peculiar views. The Senator from South Carolina,' (Mr.
PRESTON,) to show what may be done with a competent force
in Florida, called the attention of the Senate to the expulsion
of the formidable banditti from Italy by the energetic mea-
sures of Napoleon ; but the gentleman should recollect that
the arms of the conqueror, which could easily and effectually
beat up the narrow Pontine marshes, could have done nothing
in the unexplored, impenetrable hammocks and deep morasses
of our broad peninsula. I might ask the Senator what was
the success of the French arms in their own district, La Ven-
dee? Were they equally triumphant there I No, sir. Not-
withstanding that peculiar country of yet more peculiar peo-
ple presented a most terrible and sanguinary theatre of war,
literally covered with fire and blood, they rose, as it were,
from every conquered field with new energy and fresh pow-
er of resistance; and although, in December, 1793, the Ven-
deans were apparently left to perish in a body between Save-
nai, the Loire, and the marshes, by the bayonets of the French
soldiers, the war was not terminated, but broke out afresh in
the following spring. It became merely a war of devastation.
The whole insurgent country was enclosed by the camps of
the Republican armies, under the command of General Tur-
reau, from which incendiary columns were sent forth to burn
the woods, the hedges, the copses, and frequently the villages
themselves ; they seized the crops and drove away the cattle.
And yet we are informed that the Vendeans resisted this kind
of warfare in a manner to render it everlasting. Now, sir.
where was the secret spring of power on the part of these
people to resist this vastly superior numerical force 1 It was
in the country, in its configuration, andi in their skill and
courage to profit by it.
Look at the interesting country of Circassia, the fervid pa-
triotism and wild gallantry of whose people ate now attracting
the attention and wonder of the world. It presents at this
moment the astonishing spectacle of a free population which
has preserved its independence and its individuality in an al-
most barbarous state, though surrounded by more civilized
nations.
Russia has exerted its enormous military power to reduce
these tribes inhabiting the borders of the Black Sea and the
strong defiles and fastnesses of the Caucasian mountains,
withsQt ever gaining any considerable advantage. The war
upon the Circassians cannot have been sustained by the Rus-
sian Government at an expense of less than from five to ten
thousand men annually since 1805; and yet they not only
defy the Russian power, bat, if recent reports are true, are
signally victorious over thb .u cian armwei.
Sir, to what do you attribute the success of the wild people
upon this isthmus in maintaining their independence I Not
surely to their means of warfare, nor yet to their numbers,
but undoubtedly to the singular topography of the country
and the daring bravery and indomitable fortitude of its hardy
and fierce population. I make these references in reply to
the Senator from South Carolina, remarking, at the same
time, that I place no reliance whatever upon the historical au-
thorities introduced in the course of this d-bate, either for or
against this bill. The cases are not parallel. If you will de-
termine what a given military force can accomplish, you must
take into the calculation the circumstances by which they are
to be surrounded, and the obstacles they are to encounter, the
topography of the country in which they are to operate, its
climate and productions, and the character of the enemy to be
subdued. In all these particulars Florida stands by itself, and
a large force having proved unavailing, I am disposed to try
a smaller one, to be raised expressly for this service, and the
armed settlers.

Mr. PRESTON said: I am very glad, Mr. President, that
the attention of the Senate has been called to this bill, and
from that fact at least I hope good will result. We are all anx-
ious, and I am happy to say it with great sincerity as to my-
self, to bring this war to a satisfactory termination, that Flo-
rida may be open to quiet settlement bythe white inhabitants
of this country. Sir, I have no other views whatever than to
effect this object ; and I would not oppose any measure, even
this, iflI believed in its success, or merely in its harmlessness.
But this measure cannot but result in injury, which we are
all anxious to avoid. It tends to an entirely different purpose
from that assigned, and to an indefinite protraction of the
war, involving new measures to be adopted at a distant time,
with an expenditure of more money.
Mr. President, the project is for the settlement and armed
occupation of Florida, thus gradually taking possession of the
lost territory. But let us reflect on the peculiar attitude of
affairs in that country at the present moment. We have been
at war there since December, 1835, to protect our frontier
and drive out the Indlians. At that time Florida had long
been a Territory, with settlements advanced far into the in-
terior, and at that time it was necessary for the Government
to remove the Indians out of the way of the progressive
settlement of the Territory, which was pressing on the In-
dian territory in East Florida. It was on this occasion
that the war broke out, and it consequently became necessa-
ry to employ the military force of the United States to protect
the settlers. A cordon of posts of United States troops
was established, to protect your actual settlements, all round
the northern frontier of the Indians. Sir, did your project
succeed there? Did all your military power prevail in pro-
tecting the settlers?' So far from that, the irruptions and rav-
ages of the Indians expelled the inhabitants of the Territory,
so that the Indians conquered Florida in spite of the United
States. So far from that, the Indians of that Territory con-
quered even that portion of the land which the United States
had sold and settled, and expelled our citizens who were ac-
tually in possession of it. Sir, this is a melancholy com-
mencement of the settlement of that country by individuals
by whom the land had been purchased and paid for, and whom
you guarded to the utmost extent, or at least ought to have
done it; and now you propose a project for settlements,
though those settlements were all broken up. Though those
settlements could not be maintained, or at least were not, yet
it is sow supposed you can conquer that country by settle-
ments.
The gentleman from Alabama, (Mr. CLAY,) with whom
I do not concur in this measure, has fallen into some mistakes
which I consler of consequence. There has been a gooti
deal of militIl experience in that country, by men of worth,
whose opinions are entitled to great weight. One of them is


Gen. Taylor, in reference to whom as well as others, the
gentleman has mistaken me. The truth is, Taylor is an au-
thority on whom I rely ; and so far was he from recommend-
ing this block-house plan, this war in disguise, mixed up of
the sword running with the ploughshare and the ploughshare
with the sword-
Mr. CLAY, (interrupting.) I did not say that he recom-
mended the plan of the bill; that was not Taylor's plan ; but
I said it was his opinion that the war ought not to be renewed
as heretofore.
Mr. PRESTON. Taylor was not in favor of the post (agri-
cultural) Ilan, but entirely against it. And it is a fact, as
far as I can ascertain, that, by all the gentlemen who have
been actually engaged in Florida, military or civil, a plan of
this kind would not be deemed efficacious; and many of them
assure me that it is utterly delusive. I am aware that there
are opinions in favor of it; but I have not known of one in-
dividual in Florida, who thinks that it would be attended
With success, unless it is attended with other measures; for
example, it may be efficient, if with all the power of the Gov-
ernment we scour that country, and when this is done by the
army, there may be protection for those who are settled in
Florida. Such is Taylor's opinion, who says: "If the war
is renewed, which I do not hope, the only way to bring it to
a successful issue is, in my opinion, to cover the whole coun-
try so as to prevent the Indians from hunting and fishing."
As the war is to be renewed, it is therefore his opinion that
L he only way to a successful issue is to cover the whole coun-
try so as to prevent the Indians from hunting and fishing,
And this is precisely the project which I have proposed. It
sounds largely1 thii covering the whole country an ad yet I


believe it may be done without any great display of military
force. And why has it not been doneI The Senator from
New Hampshire (Vr. PIERCE) asks for specifications against
the Secretary of War. I will now give them. This war is
disastrous at the end of five years. And what power had
the Secretary of War to prevent it I I will now tell you.
He has had every thing that the Department has asked for.
This is my answer. And it is a matter of charge against the
Executive Department that, having all the power of the
Government to accomplish this end'it is not accomplished.
The gentleman from New Hampshire says, and says truly,
this has been a most disastrous war, with a vast expenditure
of treasure. And has Congress ever refused any amount of
means 1 It has opened its doors wide enough for any power,
and here has been a war of the whole United States from
Maine to Missouri; a war of 15,000,000 prosperous People
against a miserable band of naked savages; a war of the
whole territory, army, and military of the Union, against
a lew bandits in Florida, and with all this the war is disas-
trous. It may be that the Department is not enlightened as
we are, and has not foreseen these results. But what is the
Department for but to foresee'7 And whose fault is it that
the war is not terminated
It has been said that we can only estimate measures by the
result, [a method censured by Mr. PIERCE and General ST.
CLAIR.] And what other means have we here'? Hewhohas
small means is, perhaps, not to be censured for failing in great
achievements. But where there is a command of all and
adequate means, then this method of judging is a test of all
such matters. And what in this case caused the failure ?
Was it the want of physical or moral power, one or both 1
They have had $25,000,000, and with that sum the Territory
might have been filled with roads and posts. And I believe,
by an appropriation of $5,000,000 rightly applied, the war
might be entirely extinguished. If the Secretary would adopt
more enlightened measures, I believe the Territory would be
swept entirely clean of the Indians at that expense; and if
men and money can do it, they would be given by us.
Mr. President, General Taylor in his report says he hopes
the war would not be renewed ; and I now ask gentlemen,
is this a measure of peace or war I Which is it ? If it is of
war, we are not capable of projecting plans of that sort. But
if it is a measure of peace, let gentlemen say so, and that we
are not called on but for a pacific measure. [Mr. P's voice
was here lost to the Reporter, but he was understood to refer
to the case of a Frenchman who accompanied some nostrum
with calomel and the lancet to make it effectual.] Such, he
said, was the exact case with Florida. Accompany this meas-
ure with a military force of 10,000 men, and this measure might
then be very clever if it should induce some settlement on the
land. But who are those settlers? The gentleman from
Ala~bama says they can send hardy and resolute men to that
country, and that these men, cultivating the ground with
arms in their hands, will be always ready to pop down on the
Indians. But who are they that are thus suddenly to pop down
on the appearance of an Indian ? Sir, does the settler kill the
Indian, or the Indian the settler ? The settler is at his plough,
and it is he who is killed, and the soldiers are drummed out
in a vain pursuit of the runaway murderer. And is not this
a matter of everyday experience in FloridaI But my view
of the subject, expressed the other day, is not answered. Ours
is a slaveholding population, of rich and extensive planters,
and Florida will be cultivated only by slaves. And is it ex-
pected that slaveholders will for a bounty fight the Indians
and free negroes ? The supposition is preposterous. How
has it happened that an individual most distinguished has
failed to verity this supposition ? The land was given up by
General Clinch, who was a settler there, as well as by others
of respectability, all fled; and these are the only kind of in-
dividuals who make settlements in Florida. [Mt. P. here
stated some facts to show that Florida, like South Carolina
and the South generally, could, from its staples, cotton and
rice, and from its generally low and unhealthy character, be
cultivated only by slaves, and not by small landholders, de-
pending on their labor for the direct means of support.] Arind
what, said Mr. P., is now demanded is to put the country in
a condition to be settled by Southern men. And we have
the right, having stipulated for the land, to say to the Govern-
ment, you shall give us the land and prepare it for that kind
of population by whom alone it can be cultivated.
Mr. P. proceeded to show that the arable lands of Florida
were of such a character that they would generally be pur-
chased, not by poor men, of whom he admitted there were
some in the South, but by those who thought the land worth
more than $1 25 per acre for the production of rice and cot-
ton. He further stated that nearly the whole of the public
land there now in the possession of the United States was
covered by Spanish grants, which poor men would not run
the risk of contesting, and which would therefore go into the
hands of rich men and speculators. He objected also that
good public land, with an undisputed title, could not be found
in Florida to carry this bill into effect, so that, when the land
should thus be prepared for settlement, there would be no
more to be settled. And all that would be settled by this
measure Mr. P. would venture to say would go to an idle
population, instead of good, useful, and respectable citizens.
Mr. P. also further objected to the length of time which this
measure would require. He thought it would require five or
seven years. Instead of this, he insisted that the South had a
right to demand, and did demand, that all the power of the
country, if necessary, should terminate the war at once, and
open the territory for settlement.
He also objected to the bill, that men, with families, would
in the mean time have no means of supportingand taking care
of their families. The project of paying for military service
in land, he thought, had been fully proved to be the worst
and most expensive. Soldiers were a cIhss of men who
would be better satisfied with a less amount of ready money,
and few of them, after all, would settle on the land. He
further insisted on the plan of General Taylor as the best
and most efficacious, and urged anew the propriety and ex-
pediency of throwing the whole responsibility on the Depart-
ment.
He condemned in unqualified terms the proposition to
hunt, in the Spanish manner, the Indians with blood-hounds.
He would be severe in any case only for the sake of human-
ity, killing in no case women and children, but making salu-
tary and even humane though severe examples of maraud-
ers and murderers.
Mr. PRESTON having concluded, and Mr. STRANGE ex-
pressing his desire to speak on the following day-
The Senate adjourned.

S ILKS, MOUSSELINES, &c.-Wo offer for sale-
Figured Gros de Naps, at 75 cents
'Plain do do at 65 do
Plain Poult de Louis, at 87-
Black-ground Mousselines, at 83 75 to 85 50
Colored do do at S2 25 to 38 00
Broclia and Cashmere Shawls, at 82 25 to $12
French Merinos, at 81 to 75
English do at 50 to 80 cents
Needle-work Collars, Thread Edgings, &ec.
Bleached and brown Cottons, Flannels, &c.
With many other desirable goods, which will be offered low by
jan 16-3t A.W. & J. E. TURNER.
"RENCH LANGIJGUAGE.-Monsieur PIOTR KOWA-
S LEWSKI respectfully informs those desirous of acquiring
a perfect knowledge of the French language that he is now ready
to open a school for the instruction of those who may wish to at-
tend. Young ladies aspiring to polite society, and gentlemen in-
tending to visit Europe or South America, can be aeeommodated
widli lessons separately, if desired. The learner will be exercised
in oral and written translation-fromn French to English and En-
glish to Fiench; and also in the true accent, principles, idiom,
and familiar colloquy. A tractable student will be able, in from
40 to 60 lessons, to translate, speak, and write with such facility
as to enable him to improve without further aid from a teacher.
An evening class will be opened for those who are unable to
attend during the day.
The most satisfactory testimonials can be exhibited. Reference
may be had to-
Gen. P. B. Porter, Niagara Falls, New York ; Chancellor Wall-
worth, New York ; Hen. John McLean, of the Supreme Court;
Hon. Thomas H. Benton, of the Senate ; M. St. Clair Clarke,
Esq., Rev. Mr. Hawley, Rev. Mr. Cookman, in this city.
Mans. K. will be found at Mrs. Middletan's boarding-house,
Pennsylvania avenue, jan 15
LOTTEMItIES FOR JANUARY, 184tO.
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CLASS 252-5TH sERIES.
To be drawn at Providence, R. I., Saturday, Jan. 18, 1840.
1 prize of $40,000 1 prize of $1,727
1 do of 10,000 1 do of 1,500
1 do of 6,000 1 do of 1,400
I do of 5,000 i 1 do of 1,300
1 do of 4,000 | 1 do of 1,200
1 do of 3,000 1 do of 1,100
1 do of 2,500 I 1 do of 1,050
40 prizes of $1,000-40 of $500-126 of $250, &c. &c. &c.
75 Number Lottery-12 drawn ballots.
Tickets 810-Shares in proportion.
Certificate of package, 25 whole tickets, $140
Do do 25 halves 70
Do do 25 quarters 35

SCHOOL FUND LOTTERY OF RHODE ISLAND.
CLASS 258-5TH SERIES.
To be drawn at Providence, R. 1., Saturday, Jan. 25, 1840.


1 prize of 30,000 1 prize of 1,800
6 do 5,00)0 1 do 1,700
10 do 3,000 50 do 600
15 do 2,000 50 do 400
50 do 1,200 50 do 300
50 do 1,000 50 do 250
&c. &c. &e.
90 number Lottery-I5 drawn ballots.
Tickets $10-Shares in proportion.
Certificate of package, 30 whole tickets, $160
Do do 30 halves 80
Do do 30 quarters 40
DEL kWARE LOTTERY,
Class No. 21, for 1840.
To be drawn at Wilmington, Del. Friday, January 24, 1840.
I prize of $15,000 1 prize of 1,440
1 do 5,000 1 do 800
1 do 3,000 1 do 600
1 do 2,000 50 do 500
&e. &c. &c.
72 Number Lottery-- Il Drawn Ballots.
Tickets $85-Shares in proportion.
Certificate of package of 24 whole tickets, $60
Do do 24 half do 30
Do do 24 quarter do 15

For Tickets and Shares, or Certificates of Packages, in the
above splendid Lotteries address or apply to
J. PHALEN & CO., Managers,
Pennsylvania avenue, near Four-and-a-Half street.
Drawings s0ent immediately after they are over to all who
order of t, 1a14--eotlRt


TWENTY-SIXTH CONGRESS.
FIRST SESSION.

IN SENATE.

TUESDAY, JANUARY 14, 1840.
The VICE PRESIDENT communicated a report of the
Secretary of War, in obedience to a resolution asking whe-
ther Rock Island was abandoned as a military post by the
United States.
The Secretary said in his report that it had not been aban-
doned, but would be retained as a post for the defence of
Iowa.
MEMORIALS, PETITIONS, &c.
The following were presented and appropriately referred :
By the VICE PRESIDENT: A memorial relating to
the reduction of postage.
By Mr. GRUNDY: From citizens of Milwaukie, praying
a confirmation of their land titles.
By Mr. LINN: From citizens of Oregon, praying the
United States to take possession of the Territory, and extend
its jurisdiction over the same.
Also, from citizens of Missouri in relation to the same.
Petitions were also presented by Mr. ALLEN, Mr.
ROANE, and Mr. NORVELL.
REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES.
Mr. PRENTISS, from the Committee on Public Lands,
to whom was referred the memorial of the Legislature of
Missouri, praying for a grant of land for the education andl
instruction of deaf and dumb persons in that State, reported
a bill granting a township of land for that purpose to each of
the States of the Union not heretofore provided for.
Mr. WALKER, from the Committee on Public Lands,
reported the following bills:
For the relief of Peter Warner, of Indiana.
For the relief of the legal representatives of Joseph Bar-
nard.
For the relief of Ben. Parsons. And
For the benefit of the Galena and Chicago Union Rail-
road Company.
Mr. HUBBARD, from the Committee of Claims, made an
adverse report on the case ofJ. H. Piatt.
Also, from the same committee, reported a bill for the re-
lief of the legal representatives ofJno. J. Bulow, deceased.
Also, bills for the relief of Gad Humphreys, of Malachi
Hagan, of Converse and Reeves, and ofE. W. & H. Smith.
Mr. KNIGHT, from the Committee on the Post Office
and Post Roads, reported a bill for the relief of Ira Day, of
Vermont.
Mr. NORVELL, from the Committee on Public Lands,
to whom was referred the bill, introduced by him, making
grants of public land to certain States for purposes of internal
improvement, reported the same without amendment.
[The precise object of this bill is to grant donations of lands
to the other new States equal in quantity to those which have
heretofore been granted to the State ot Ohio, for purposes of
internal improvement within their respective limits.]
Mr. ROBINSON, from the Committee on Rcvolutionary
Claims, reported a bill for the relief of Pierre Menard and
Col. Francis Vigo.
Mr. FULTON, from the Committee on Public Lands,
reported a bill to provide for the defence of the Western bor-
ders of Louisiana, Missouri, and Arkansas.
Mr. F. submitted a resolution calling on the Secretary of
the Treasury to know what steps, if any, had been taken in
relation to the selection of a site for a marine hospital on Ar-
kansas river.
Also, that the Committee on Commerce inquire into the
expediency of establishing a marine hospital at Little Rock,
Arkansas.
On motion of Mr. KING, the Chair filled the vacancy in
the Committee en Indian Affairs, caused by the resigna-
tion of Mr. WHITE, with the name of Mr. SvimEn.
Mr. PRENTISS, agreeably to notice, asked and obtained
leave to bring in a bill for the relief of the administrator of
Joseph Edson.
Other bills were introduced, on leave, twice read and re-
ferred.
ABOLITION OF IMPRISONMENT FOR DEBT.
In pursuance of notice, Mr. NORVELL asked and ob-
tained leave to introduce a bill supplementary to the act to
abolish imprisonment for debt in certain cases. It would, lihe
said, be remembered that, at the last session, a bill was pass-
ed by Congress into an act making the federal law on the
subject of imprisonment for debt conform to the laws of the
several States. He had understood that, by a recent decision
in one of the courts of Michigan, our act was not considered
as applicable to any State which, after itspassage, had abolish-
ed imprisonment for debt. He was not disposed to question
the correctness of this decision. But every Senator present
at the time must know that the bill was intended to embrace
all the States, as well those which had then abolished im-
prisonment for debt, as those which might subsequently do
so. It was the object of the supplement which he had intro.
duced, to explain the meaning of the original act, al in.. r. I,-
der it applicable to all the States of this Union, v t,c ru r they
had before or subsequently to its passage, or shall hi reaft'r
pass laws abolishing imprisonment for debt. H. called ihe
special attention of the Judiciary Committee to IhIs subitcl,
with the hope that they would make an early and favoiablu
report In regard to it.
The bill was read twice, and referred to the Comuiimite on
the Judiciary.
THE SUB-TREASURY.
The Vice PRESIDENT having announced as the F.cnial or-
der the bill to provide for the collection, safe-keeping, and
transfer of the public money-
Mr. CLAY, of Kentucky said: I rise, Mr. President, to
make a suggestion to the honorable chairman of the Commit-
tee on Finance. The importance of this bill no one will con-
test ; the great extent of its consequences no one can doubt.
In addition to the occurrence in this body yesterday, (the re-
signation of Mr. WHITE,) the Senate is now wanting five
of its members. This, I believe, is without example in the
history of this Government. Five legislative bodies have
not elected and returned their members to this House. And
we know enough to know that in no instance has it been the
fault of the People, and in every instance it has been because
the legislative bodies of the States, who were charged with
the election of Senators, have been unable to agree as to the
election of Senators. Of these States, three are among
the moot important in the Union, and one of them so im-
portant as to obtain the denomination of the Empire State,
which last will send a Senator fresh from the People, and
expressing the wishes of the People of that State, and we
hope it will be so from the others who will send members
here.
These, sir, are the facts ; and the want of Senators from
five of the States, the importance of the measure itself, the
necessity of a full consultation; and the benefit to be derived
from those counsels, those lights on the subject which are all-
important to portions of this body, seem to recommend that
the bill should not be considered at this time, even if we did not
know that the other House is in a condition which imposes
no necessity of action here on an important measure. If
this bill should be passed to-morrow here, it would be weeks
before it could be taken up in the other House. Taking all
these circumstances into view, I trust that the honorable
chairman ofthe Committee on Finance, and the Senate gen-
erally, will acquiesce in the postponement of this measure.
Sir, I am quite sure the Senator from New York must be
most desirous that his colleague may be with him on this oc-
casion, that he may have the aid and counsel of his col-
league, coming as he does from the people which they both
represent. I trust, therefore, he will not now press the con-
sideratian of this measure. There are three or four of the
States which, there is a high degree of probability, will in
eight or ten days have elected their Senators, and they will
be on their way here. Indeed, that event to which I have
alluded as likely to give great pleasure to the chairman of the
committee will doubtless take place this week, or early in
the next. At all events, I hope I shall have the concurrence
of the chairman and of others in the suggestion, for 1 will
not now make the motion, that the consideration of this bill
be postponed to Monday week.
Mr. WRIGHT said: I have no personal desire to press
the action on this bill; but, as a public duty, I must disagree
to its postponement. As a member of the committee, my ac-
tion on the bill is already discharged ; and it is now hoc the
Senate to decide for itself, according to the sense ef what
members are here, on the measure under consideration. But
I am not at liberty to act in favor of any postponement. This
is the fourth session of the Senate, regular and extraordinary,
since this subject was first introduced; and I cannot forget
that the bill on two occasions passed this body, and both
times it failed of consideration in the other body. There ia
a peculiar state of things at the commencement of this ses-
sion, and all legislative business is nearly a month back from
its usual advancement at this period of the session. I then
leave it to the Senate when they will consider this great mea-
sure. I have not calculated the comparative strength of the
measure here at this time and when the Senate will be full;


but, from the enumeration of the Senator himself, I think
there would be little change in that strength if the Senate
should be full. And I believe that, before three days will
have passed, I shall have the consolation, and it will he a
consolation, to have my colleague here with me, and in that
case he will represent truly, and in regard to this measure,
what he believes to be the views and feelings of those lie re-
presents; and it would relieve me if he were here at this mo-
ment. We shall then have made no great progress in the
consideration of the bill if we proceed to it now, and till that
vacancy at least will be filled. I was instructed to move the
consideration of it yesterday, from which I was prevented,
and I gave a week's notice of that intention.
Mr. CLAY. It gives me great pleasure to bear testimony
to the fairness of the course of the chairman of the commit-
tee, and it is every way worthy of him, and highly reputable
to him as chairman of the Committee on Finance. I now
understand him to say that, without the possibility of his
concurring in the postponement, he now submits it to the
Senate, as suggested by me, and he adds nothing that can
seriously oppose the proposition for delay. Five ofthe States,
and three of them most important, are now unrepresented
here, and this fact is unprecedented, as far as my knowledge
extends in the history of the country. It is very true, as the
Senator says, that this bill has not been fully discussed ; and
it is very true, also, as stated by him, that the usual business
of Congress is back by one month. Still the considerations
remain which I first broughtup; and no urgency here can
accelerate the movement of the bill in the other House.
And while I am up, I will make another suggestion. Ia
thb course of two yearn put there hub beoon T rover4--









change-a very great change-and not an unimportant one,
ag it respects the origination of important measures. Prior
to that time all such measures originated in the House of the
People, and they ought to do so, for the election of that House
by the People ought to be a restriction on us, and we ought
to aim at augmenting and strengthening the power of that
body, andt that peculiar power which belongs to the People,
or ought to belong to them, and would, if the Government
Were duly administered, of guarding the public Treasury.
We ought, I think, to see the propriety of such bills origi-
nating with them. But if we now delay the consideration
of this measure, I believe it will be for the benefit of the
whole States, five of whom are now not fully represented;
and I trust the Senate, to whom the chairman of the com-
mittee has, with so much propriety, referred the question,
will concur in the motion which I now make, though only
suggested before, that the consideration of this bill be post-
poned till Monday week. I am happy that the chairman of
the committee will enjoy the company of his colleague earlier
than I anticipated; and I hope the two other great States
will be represented on this floor, and the Senator from Mi-
chigan may be here before passing the bill, if it should be
postponed till that time.
I have one remark in reply to the honorable chairman. It
is not essential only that his colleague, as well as other Sena-
tors, should be here simply to record his yea or nay on the
passage of the bill, but he ought to be here during the whole
discussion and the consideration of the amendments. In this
I trust the Senate will concur with me.
Mr. WRIGHT. I have nothing more to say in reference
to the time when the bill is to be brought under considera-
tion. But I will reply to one remark of the honorable Sena-
tor in reference to the introduction of the bill into this body.
I am bound to say that I concur fully with him in the change,
the great change, which has taken place in the last ten years
in the legislation of the two Houses of Congress, and I agree
with him that this change is to be regretted. But, after all, I
do not think that the Committee on Finance on thisoccasion
are to be charged withits authorship and introduction. This
is not even an appropriation bill. There is small appropriation
for carrying it into effect, but not touching in any way the
raising of revenue. But, at the first session I was here, and it
was a short session, two most important bills were passed,
one for the distribution of the proceeds of the public lands,
and the other the so-called compromise bill; one ofthemn with an
appropriation most important, and the other came at least very
close on a bill to raise revenue. Both these bills were intro-
duced here by the Senator from Kentucky, and I believe that
was one great step to the change of which he complains. I
do not say this in the way of censure, hut to defend the com-
mittee, and remind him of the circumstances.
Mr. CLAY. In the first place, the honorable chairman is
inaccurate, though he did not intend it, in regard to the char-
acter of this bill. If I am no, mistaken,the first section of it
makes an appropriation to an indefinite amount.
Mr. WRIGHT. There are two or three appropriations
to carry the bill into effect.
Mr. CLAY. But I am extremely indebted to him for this
opportunity to show the origin of those two measures, so im-
portant to the country-the land bill and the compromise bill.
SSir, how did that land bill originate 1 Has the Senator for-
gotten how it was thrown upon a committee, and the motives
under which it was thrown-on a committee of which I was
a member 1
Mr. WRIGHT. That was before I was here.
Mr. CLAY. The history of it was this: The Committee
ce Manufactures, in which interest I now take and have
ever taken a most lively concern, was raised ; and some gen-
tlemen entertained the extraordinary notion that the sale of
the public domain wasa tax, and, being so, was a subject
appropriate to the Committee on Manufactures, and should
be referred to that committee. Against this I expostulated.
protested, and implored that they would not send it to that
committee, of which I was a member. And what was there-
suit 7 The political friends of the honorable chairman, unit-
ing to a man, and apparently with a view to my personal em-
barrassment, threw the subject on the Committee on Manu-
factures. I then said, gentlemen, since you have thrown
this matter upon me, I will off coat and go to work; and so
I did ; and the bill to distribute the proceeds of the public
lands was the result. That was not a measure voluntarily
assumed, and it was not in violation of that spirit of the Con-
stitution which I am happy to find the Senator regards as
myself. The measure was thrown, literally forced upon me,
and it was passed by this House, and by a majority of more
than two-thirds of the other House, sent to the President,
and (said Mr. C., striking repeatedly and emphatically on his
pocket) you know what became of it afterwards.
In regard to the other, the compromise bill, look at the
state of the country at that time. A civil war was then
threatening the country, and every measure had failed of ac-
commodating the unhappy difficulty in which it was involved.
The House of Representatives was at a stand, in a perfect
balk, incapable of motion. In that state of things I propos-
ed the compromise bill. But was it a revenue bill 1 Was it
to raise or augment the tariff No; but to reduce, to cut it
down. But I waive this point. A majority of the Senate
decided that it was not a revenue bill, such as must originate
in the other House. But to trace that bill in its progress and
finiil passage, while we were disputing it here, the House
t.ruu.tht it up as an original bill on their part, in its very
words, passed it by acclamation, and when I first heard of it
I was hereupon my feet. It was then concurred in by the
Senate. approved by the President, and became a law of the
land. Such is the simple history of the land bill and com-
prormise bill, and if the Senator can make any thing out of it
affTectng the argument or course which I now adopt, he is
welcome to the whole benefit.
Mr. WRIGHT. The Senator seems to consider what I
S said as a matter of charge against him.
S Mr. CLAY. Not at all.
SMr. WRIGHT. I spoke of these things as matters of re-
ference, and though they refer to the other body of Congress,
the only time that I was ever called to order in my life was
by the Senator from Kentucky for referring to that body. If
it is now proper so to refer to it, the Senator will agree with
me that in it- business progress it was never more effectually
tied.rip.han n.-.w. [This had reference to Mr. CLAY'S apo-
logy lor iirr.,Juoin, the compromise bill, that the House was
balked and incapable of motion.]
Mr. WALKER here rose and expressed his surprise that
now, for the first time, a motion had been made to delay ac-
tion on an important measure, because the States were not ful-
ly represented, and denied the possibility of a Senator be-
ing returned in time from Tennessee. He insisted that the
final vote would not be affected by this delay; that more
than two-thirds of the States had already declared in favor
of the sub-Treasury; that the Senate was as much the
House of the People as the other House; that the land bill
if forced at first, was afterwards voluntary on the part of Mr.
CLAY, and that it contained the largest appropriation ever
made ; and that by the compromise bill, which was a revenue
bill, the spirit of the Constitution, if not violated, was strained
to the very uttermost.
The question was now put on Mr. CLAY'S motion to post-
pone the bill to Monday week, and decided in the negative
by yeas and nays as follows :
YEAS-Messrs. Betts, Clay, (of Ky.) Clayton, Crittenden,
Davis, Dixon, Henderson, Merricik, Phelps, Prentiss, Preston,
Robinson, Ruggles, SmiLh, (of Ind.) Southard, White, (of Ind.)-
16.
NAYS-Messrs. Allen, Benton, Brown, Buchanan, Calhoun,
Clay, (of Ala.) Fulton, Grundy, Hubbard, King, Linn, Lumpkin,
Mouton, Nicholas, Norvell, Pierce, Roane, Sevier, Smith, (of
Conn.) Strange, Tappan, Walker, Wall, Williams, Wright,
Young-26.
So the Senate proceeded to consider the bill.
Mr. WRIGHT explained and advocated the bill briefly
and statistically.
Various amendments offered by the committee were consi-
dered and adopted.
Mr. BENTON, having urged with much earnestness that
the officers engaged under this bill ought to be men of fami-
ly and respectatrility, entirely free from the vexations and
temptations of other worldly concerns, and supported by Go-
vernment in so full and liberal a way as to take from them the
motive of the mere love of gain, and of obtaining necessary
support, moved to increase the salaries of the Receiver-Gene-
ral at New York from $3,000 to $4,000, and ef the other
Receivers-General from $2,500 to $3,000.
*Mr. WRIGHT made a few remarks on the high living
in New York, and in favor of the 84,000.
Mr. DAVIS said he hoped these salaries would not be en-
larged. He believed that 83,000 or $3,500 was as great a
compensation as any of the State officers in New York re-
ceived, except the Governor. He had urged on a former oc-
casion that this Government ought not to make its salaries
greater than those of the State Governments under similar
circumstances. The example was pernicious, and the in-
fluence of it was bad in every respect. The Senator from New
York bad mentioned representations in regard to the expense
of living in New York city, which he had received from that
quarter. But who was it that made them '1 Mr. D. con-
jectured that it was men who were interested in this matter,
and wanted the greatest salary they could obtain. Mr. D.
did not know any limit in this respect to the desires of those
who were living on the public Treasury. If you desire them
to be honest, said Mr. D., you cannot make them honest in


this way. It is a false principle, condemned by all experience.
I shall not interfere with this bill, the committee may make
it as they wish. But if I am to record my yea or nay, I wish
to have my opinion justified.
Mr. WRIGHT said the Senator from Massachusetts was
right. The highest salary in New York, except that of the
Governor, was $2,500, and this was $500 less even than the
salary of the Receiver-General now in the bill. The Judges
of the Supreme Court and Chancery had $2.000. But the
consequence of it was, that the salary had driven from the
bench several of the most valuable judges, because, with what
property they had in connexion with their salaries, they could
not live where they were situated ; they had left the bench
and taken to clerkships, which last offices were infinitely the
best of the two. No judge did or could reside in the city of
New York and support his family on his salary.
And then as te the source of Mr. W.'s advice to which
the Senator from Massachusetts had alluded. Mr. W. was
not surprised at his inference; but in this case he was quite
mistaken. No man, in Mr. W.'s recollection, had spoken of
that subject here; and he did not recollect that any one had,
but merchants in New York, of whose politics Mr. W. knew
nothing, except the Attorney General there, (Mr. Butler,)
and he could not be induced to take this office of Receiver-
General at $4,000.
Mr. DAVIS. True! They have gone from the bench
to clerkships. And why'I This is another example of the
vice against which I have been expostulating. It is because
a clerk receives moinre compensation than a judge. In this re-
eWt our own legislation I nmluplnd. I suppose the quarter.


master of one of'your ships often receives more money than
your commodore on deck, who, if he could be so far debased,
would become a victualler instead of a commander. This can-
not be right. And the inference is not sound, that you cannot
obtain men of suitable qualifications unless they receive an
enormous sum of money. If you must thus induce some of
our distinguished men to accept of office, what sum would
you give 'I Do we not know that some of them, high in the
practice of the law, are receiving $15,000, and even $20,000,
annually '! But this would be no right graduation of your sa-
laries. Nor are we to go on the notion of supporting a fami-
ly; for, if they go to work and set down all the items deemed
necessary in a city for the support of a family, no one can sup-
port a family on that theory. Arid yet none of these offices
go a begging, even for the most distinguished men. And
why'? Because they see the means of support, and enjoy a
compensation that satisfies them. And what is the reason
that the States, who give so low salaries in comparison with
yours, yet fill their public offices in a respectable way I And
what better proof can you have that your salaries are more
than competent I Sir, you can never satisfy men by the
largeness of their salaries, and on this subject I do not know
a better rule than to follow the practice of the States.
The question was now put on changing the salary of the
Receiver General at New York from $3,000 to $4,000, and
carried in the affirmative by yeas and nays as follows :
YEAS.-Messrs. Allen, Benton, Brown, Buchanan, Calhoun,
Clay, of Ala., Pulton, Grundy, Hubbard, King, Linn, Mouton,
Nicholas, Norvell, Preston, Roane, Sevier, Smith, of Conn.,
Strange, Tappan, Walker, Wall, Wright-23.
NAYS.-Messrs. Betts, Clay, of Ky., Clayton, Crittenden,
Davis, Dickson, Henderson, Lumplin, Menrick, Phelps, Pierce,
Prentiss, Robinson, Rnggles, Smith, of Inda., Southard, White, of
Inda., Williams, Young-19.
The question now rose on the other division of Mr. BEN-
TON's motion, viz. to change the salaries of the other Receiv-
ers-General, respectively, from $2.500 to $3,000.
Mr. HUBBARD said the Judges of these States (South
Carolina and Louisiana) received $3,000, or more.
Mr. DAVIS. I did not propose as a standard the salaries
of the State Judges in particular, but of the State officers ge-
nerally; and I would ask the Senator from New Hampshire
how much the Judges of his own State receive.
Mr. CALHOUN rose to say that the expenses of living
for the Receiver-General at Charleston ought at least to be
estimated at $3,000.
Mr. ALLEN said he should vote against an increase of the
salaries of these officers, because it would increase the respon-
sibility at these points.
The question was now put on the increase of the salaries
of the Receivers-General at Charleston and New Orleans,from
$2,500 to $3,000, and it was decided in the negative by yeas
and nays as follows:
YEAS.-Messrs. Benton, Brown, Buchanan, Calhoun, Clay, of
Alabama, Fulton, Grundy, Hubbard, King, Linn, Mouton, Nicho-
las, Norvell, Preston, Roane, Sevier, Strange, Walker, Wall,
Wrlght-20.
NAYS.-Messrs. Allen, Betts, Clay, of-Kentucky, Clayton, Crit-
tenden, Davis, Dixon, Henderson, Lumpkin, Merrick, Phelps,
Pierce, Prentiss, Robinson, Ruggles, Smith, of Connecticut,
Smith, of Indiana, Southard, Tappan, White, of Indiana, Wil.
llama, Young-22.
Mr. BUCHANAN now moved as an amendment that the
salary of the Treasurer of the Mint at Philadelphia should
be increased from $2,000, and that of the Treasurer of the
Branch Mint at New Orleans from $2,000, each respectively
to $2,500.
Mr. CLAY, of Kentucky, wished to ask of the honorable
Senator what had been done at the Mint at New Orleans,
and whether any coin had been made.
Mr. SEVIER asked the Senator from Pennsylvania to
move $4,000 for the Treasurer at New Orleans.
Mr. B UC HANAN. I do not like to make a motion in the
face of a vote of the Senate.
Mr. SEVIER then moved the $4000.
Mr. MOUTON spoke in favor of this motion, and men-
tioned the very high salaries given in Louisiana.
Remarks were made by Messrs. NORVELL, SEVIER
CALHOUN, and TAPPAN, understood to be in favor of
this motion, and also of a general retrenchment, but not em.
phatic enough to be heard or embodied by the Reporter ; and
also by Mr. HENDERSON in opposition.
Mr. BUCHANAN also insisted on his general regard to
economy, he rarely voting for an increase of salary, and yet
he would vote for this, to get a suitable man and give him a
proper support.
Mr. SMITH, of Indiana, said he had, at all times, when
the question had been before the Senate, voted in favor of an
equalization, as far s was practicable, of the salaries of the
Federal officers with those of -the State officers performing
corresponding services. His object in rising was to place his
vote in this instance upon his own ground. He concurred
with some of the remarks of Senators who had opposed the
increase in this case. He admitted the truth of all that had
been said by them in favor of economy h but he did not place
his vote even mainly on that ground. He had never believ-
ed that economy consisted in a refusal to pay for services a
fair compensation, any more than he did thateconomy requir-
ed a man to dispense witlf the necessaries of life; a fair com-
pensation in the one case was necessary to healthy political
action, and, in the other, the necessaries of life were essential
to individual health and enjoyment. The question what
was a reasonable compensation, was to be decided. He had
said, on a former occasion, that the standard afforded by the
States was the safest that could be adopted. He had made
that his standard, because he believed the States were able to
judge what was or what was not a fair compensation to the
officers residing within their limits. He did not place this
question, even mainly, as he had said, on economical grounds;
though, perhaps, at no former period did white-robed econo-
my look more beautiful or better become the habiliment of the
nation and People. The question before the Senate was not
merely one of dollars and cents. He placed it upon mach
higher grounds; he Niewed it as a great political question, in-
timately connected with the perpetuity of the free institutions
of the country. Had Senators been so blind or eo inattentive
to passing events for the last ten years as not to have seen the
shitfing position of the political machinery of the Govern-
ment, and the corresponding influence on the Public?7 Had
the centralizing tendency of the Government in one direction
passed unnoticed and unheeded ? Had gentlemen shut their
eyes on the sun of attraction, or secluded themselves from his
influence? Time was when exclusive State rights gentle-
men were alarmed at what they supposed the centralizing
power of Congress; where were those gentlemen now
here was now no danger, if there ever was, from that influ-
ence : but did not Senators see that there was another great
centralizing power, more potent than all that had preceded it
put together, which had sprung up within the last ten years,
threatening to ingulf in its tremendous vortex all the other
powers of the Government, and to undermine and prostrate
the fairest fabric of human wisdom ever constructed by man?
Had Senators never contemplated the Executireas that pow-
er I Had they not seen the power and influence of the
States vibrating to and fro like the needle near the magnet?
Had they not seen the highest State functionaries leave their
peaceful homes and bow the suppliant knee at the foot-stool
of power, and humbly crave a ctumrb from the Executive ta-
ble? Did not gentlemen see, daily, the crowds of hungry
applicants for Executive favor that throng the city and sur-
round the White HouseV Who had passed through the
crowd on an election day, of late years, that dlid not see among
the most busy those who either held or ex pected Federal office t
Who had been so blind as not to have seen, or su dull as not
to have perceived, that this patronage alone-this appointing
power-used to reward friends and punish enemies, held by
the Executive, and wielded to political ends, had made him
the great centralizing power so attractive in its force as to bid
defiance to all the centrifugal powers that the States or Peo-
ple could bring to bear against it?1 Those in office fight for
a continuance or renewal or the term; expectants vie with
each other in rendering themselves acceptable to the Presi-
dent by the services they may render, while, by the applica-
tion of the rotating principle generally, leaving particular cas-
es exempt from it, the offices were continually kept in view,
and the number of the army daily increasing. The principle
was carried into the elections. Legislatures were returned
prepared to act in special concert with the Executive. State
Legislatures instructed their Senators to do so, and the whole
power of the nation was effectually centralized, while the
public will was and could be no other than the will of the
Executive. Senators might think of this matter as they pleas-
ed, but it was the talismanic cord that binds together those
who would surrender all power to the President, and it bids
fair, if not arrested, to effectually change the whole fabric of
our Government to that of an elective monarchy-the gov-
ernment of one man-whose fiat would grasp the sword, untie
the purse, and pour out the best tlood of the nation. Were
Senators prepared to stand by and witness the progress of
these principles, without raising a hand to arrest them?
The cry of reform had gone forth in days past; the num-
ber of officers was to be diminished, and salaries and public
expenditures were to be reduced. These were empty sounds;
they tickled the ear, but were based only on promises never
to be performed. Those who had wielded the destinies of
the nation for the last ten years were too sagacious to act in
conformity with these pledges. The army of dependent
supporters that would be thrown around the Executive by
holding out to the country that "to the victors belong the
spoils," and that the Executive must reward the vigilant. not


the sleeping, was obvious. An Executive guard (not a na-
tional, as in France) was the consequence of the policy; a
guard sufficiently numerous and powerful to sustain the Ex-
ecutive when his will was brought in contact with the rights,
interests, and will of the mass of the People. There were,
it was true, many honorable exceptions among the officers of
Government, within his knowledge, but, like other excep-
tions, they only proved the general rule. He presumed that
the question would be asked, What remedy did he propose
for the evil? The Senator from Kentucky, (Mr. CRITTEN-
DEN,) at the last session, had introduced a bill to restrain Fed-
eral officers from interfering with elections. Mr. S. had
voted against that bill, as he did not believe in the form of
the remedy, while he distinctly recognized the evil. He had
said at that time, and he repeated it, that the tender point
was the salaries; touch that point and you make yourself
felt. Men of seven principles-as was once said by a dis-
tinguished Virginian, "five loaves and two fishes,"-who
carry their principles in their pockets, you need not try to af-
fect by constitutional arguments, or by citing Mr. Jefferson,
the apostle of liberty, or even by referring to the inaugural
address of President Jackson; remove the cause, and the ef-
fect will follow; place his salary upon an equality with those
of his State, and you at once give his vision another direc-
tion; you direct him to look to those who know him best-
the people of his own State. He will no longer be seen like
the thermometer in the room of the Executive, merely evi-
dencing the state of the atlosiphere breathed by the Pit0i-


dent. He will learn to rely on, his merits, and- not on the
degree of Executive subserviency that has marked his course.
The political atmosphere will be purified; men will be re-
turned to the legislative halls free from Executive influence;
and this Government will be restored to the shape, proportions,
and powers which properly belong to it; while the checks
and balances will preserve and harmonize the whole system.
The Federal officers would be selected upon the prin-
ciples laid down by Mr. Jefferson-" is he honest, is he
capable ." Honest men would be brought into public em-
ployment, and the country would become prosperous, and
the People happy. Sir, we must come back to the pure days
of the republic. This inducement must be removed, or you
will have fixed upon you consolidated centralism, with an
elective monarch, or President, which is the same thing; for,
when the powers wielded are the same, names are nothing.
Mr. S. said he would notice an argument that had been
used by Senators over the way, in support of the increase of
these salaries. It had been said and repeated that these officers
could not live at the salaries. That named in the bill is
twenty-five hundred dollars a year, and it was proposed to
increase it to four thousand. Yes, sir, it was gravely said
that these officers could not live at twenty-five hundred dol-
lars, and the friends of this bill propose to give four thousand.
This was economy with a vengeance. He would like Sen-
ators to answer, if these men could not live at these salaries,
how did they live without them I And how did it happen
that they are so clamorous to get them ?
But, sir, it may be laid down as a general rule, with but
few if any exceptions, that the officer would always live up
to his salary. If his salary is low, he will live accordingly.
If high, he apes even royalty itself in his extravagance and
luxuries. No matter what you give him, he conforms to it.
It was expected that the head of a Department, at six
thousand dollars, must give his parties, and expend the whole
salary, or more, while the clerk in his department, equally as
good a man, receiving his thousand dollars, is exempt from
that custom, and, at the end of the year, has saved just as
much or more money, and has lived and supported his family
equally well. It is said that our officers should live up to the
style and fashion of the place where they may reside. This
was the fashionable doctrine. But, sir, it was not the plain re-
publican doctrine. It was to be feared, indeed, that our Go-
vernment had taken leave of the character of which it was
Sthe pleasure of our ancestors to boast. It was apeing roy-
alty. It was becoming too proud, too extravagant, too much
like the Eastern nations of the earth. Its real wants were
lost sight of, or were so obscured by its imaginary ones, as to
be scarcely thought of. What must be thie consequence?
Let the history of Eastern luxury, effeminacy, and licentious-
ness answer the question. Sir, we do not want men in office
who have to expend their thousands in luxurious living.
They are not fit for the service of a republic. WVe want
Smen who will devote themselves to the business of the Public,
and not spend their time in their own pleasures, in high and
fashionable life; and if arn increased salary should even fail
to minister to the appetite and fashionable pleasures of some
haughty officer, the public service would not suffer in the
end; one of the People might by chance supply his place;
some plebeian-some common honest man-whese habits
might enable him to do the business of the Public satisfacto-
rily, even if he could not give fashionable parties, or draw
so gracefully the cork from a bottle of chamgane.
Mr. S. said he must confess that the salaries proposed by this
bill to the officers created by it, in his mind, would be greatly
affected by the bill itself, which he presumed was to pass. It
had been so declared, and he thought it highly probable, that
there would be no miscount this time. Then the bill
was to pass, not with his vote, but by the vote of the majority
of the Senate, and he had no hesitation in saying that its
effect would be to double every salary in the bill, as well as
that of all the officers of the Government. The President
now received twenty-five thousand dollars; reduce the curren-
cy to metal, and the property sad produce of the country to
a metallic or specie standard, and you at once enable him to
buy more of either, than double what he could buy at a cur-
rency valuation. So with regard to all other officers who
will receive their salaries in specie. The State officers will
sink in the scale, and the motive to obtain Federal appoint-
ments will be increased in proportion; as few, if any, of the
Legislatures of the States would be either bold or desperate
enough to demand specie for taxes, or to provide for the pay-
ment of their officers in a currency not common to the Peo-
ple. This, among others, was a strong and insuperable ob-
jection to the bill, and at once explained the remarkable fact,
that all the Federal officers and expectants were in favor of
the bill. lie would not prosecute the subject further, as he
rose to a single point, and did not propose to go into a general
argument.
A conversation now took place with very little emphasis
by Messrs. MOUTON, KING, WRIGHT, SMITH, of
Connecticut, and SMITH, of Indiana.
Mr. BUCHANAN and Mr. DAVIS also made some fur-
ther remarks, chiefly statistical, and to the same effect as be-
fore. 0
The subj ct was suspended by consent, and, after an exec-
utive session, the Senate adjourned.

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 15, 1840.
Our report of this day's Senate proceedings is crowded out
Sby the promised debate which fills the preceding columns.
The sub-Treasury bill was again under consideration, but no
conclusive action took place on it.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 15, 1840.
The Journal having been read,
Mr. CAMPBELL, of South Carolina, moved that the
Committee of Elections be empowered to employ a clerk. And
a desultory conversation ensued as to the necessity for a clerk,
the compensation he should receive, &c. which resulted in
Mr. CAMPBELL'S modifying his motion so as to limit the com-
pensation of the clerk to $4 per diem, while in the discharge
of his duties; in which form the motion was agreed l.i
Mr. HOWARD, of Indiana, was, at his own request,' ex-
cused from serving on the Committee on the Expenditures in
the War Department.
Mr. HOFFMAN, chairman of the Select Committee on
amending the Rules of Order, called for the order of the day;
which was the consideration of that committee's report. And
that being taken up as the unfinished business of yesterday,
the question recurred on the only remaining amendment re-
ported by the committee which had not been acted on, viz.
Resolved, That, after the adjournment of this session of Con-
gress, the Speaker direct the desks before the seats of members
to be removed.
Mr. ADAMS suggested that this resolution was not in
order, as it had nothing to do with the Rules of Order, which
subject alone had been referred to the committee.
Before any decision was given by the Chair on this point
of order,
Mr. HOFFMAN addressed the House in support of the
resolution, urging, as his chief argument, that the presence of
the desks, rendering members very comfortable and affording
them facilities for writing letters, &c. prevented gentlemen
addressing the House from being fully sensible how weary it
often was of listening to their speeches. Were this accom-
modation removed, the House would be obliged to listen ; and
then it would soon beperceived when speaker was wearying
the House, and no man had hardihood enough to induce him
long to persevere against a general expression of fatigue and
ennui. He appealed to the rapid despatch of business in the
British Parliament as an illustration of his position.
After a brief debate, in which the resolution was opposed
by Mr. BANKS, of Virginia, that gentleman called for the
previous question.
When Mr. LEWIS WILLIAMS moved to lay the reso-
lution on the table.
Mr. ADAMS again raised his point of order, insisting that
the committee were not competent to report such a resolu-
tion, it being irrelevant to the object of their appointment.
The CHAIR decided the resolution to be in order; and
the question being taken on Mr. WILLIAMS'S motion to lay it
on the table, it was carried : Ayes 119, noes 55.
So the resolution was laid upon the table.
Mr. COLES, of Virginia, moved as a further amendment
to the rules, the substance of the resolution proposed by him
a few days ago concerning abolition petitions.
Here begun a series proceedings and debate, covering
the general subject, which continued until the hour of ait-
journment; Messrs. WADDY THOMPSON, MONROE,
GRANGER, CRABB, and GENTRY participating in
the debate. (A report of the speeches of these gentlemen
will be given hereafter.) Proceedings in our next.
Mr. COOPER, of Georgia, obtained the floor, and, on his
motion, the House adjourned.

SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES.
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 15, 1840.
CHARLES JOHNSTON. Esq. of New York, was admitted an
Attorney and Counsellor of this Court.
Nos. 16 and 17. Ambrose Walden, plaintiff in error, vs.
John Craig's heirs et al. These causes were argued by Mr.
UNDERWOOD for the plaintiff in error, and by Mr. CRITTEN-
DEN for the defendants in error.


No. 19. Bank of Metropolis, plaintiff in error, vs. E. Gutts.
chlick. The argument of this cause was commenced by Mr.
CoxE for the plaintiff in error, and continued by Messrs.
SEMMES and BRADLEY for the defendant in error.
No. 48. George Wildes & Co. complainants, vs. Theodore
D. Parker et al. This cause was submitted to the Court on
printed argument by Mr. AUSTIN for the complainants.
The Court adjourned till to-morrow, 11 o'clock A. M.

VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
Class No. 1, for 1840.
Capital Prize $35,294.
Will positively be drawn at Alexandria, on Saturday next, 18th
January, 1840.
MAGNIFICENT SCHEME: t
1 prize of 35,294 I prize of 2,361
1 do of 11,764 60 prizes of 1,000
1 do of 6,000 50 do of 250
1 do of 6,000 50 do of 200
1 do of 3,000 63 do of 150
1 do of 2,500 63 do of 100
&c. &c. &c.
Tickets only $10, Halves $5, Quarters 82 50.
Tickets by the package or single share, in the greatest variety
of numbers, for sale at the office of
R. FRANCE & CO.
jan 16-3t 3 doors west of Brown's Hotel, Pa. Av.
A lucky assortment of tickets onb hand ; call quickly, or you will
ai thWe prime,


WASHINGTON.
"Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and
Inseparable."
THURSDAY. JANUARY 16, 1840.

THE PRINTING SUBJECT, AGAIN.

From the report of Monday's Proceedings in
the House of Representatives, the reader will have
learnt that a publication in last Saturday's Madi-
sonian, in reference to the election of Printer to
the House of Representatives, has become the
subject of public remark. Having no concern in
that publication, nor any knowledge of the chief
of its allegations, we have not felt ourselves obliged
in any way to notice it. ,A publication in the Globe
of Tuesday night, however, embracing anote from
Mr. Duff Green, in reference to certain alleged
negotiations between him and others concerning
the election of Printer, requires brief notice at our
hands.
The allegation is, substantially, that some friend
of ours made an overture to Mr. Green, with a
view to secure, through him, the co-operation of
his interest in Congress in favor of the publishers
of this paper as Printers to the House.
Surprising though it may appear to some, there
are many individuals (of both parties, we are happy
to say) among the older inhabitants of this city,
who feel a strong interest in the fortunes of the
National Intelligencer, and of its proprietors. One
of these long-attached friends, influenced by his
goodwill for us, and, possibly, by other motives
unknown to us, on his own motion, just before
the meeting of Congress, opened a communica-
tion with Mr. Green, with a view to his aid in ob-
taining the printing of the House for the National
Intelligence office, and received from him certain
definite propositions; and then, and not till then,
informed us of the transaction. We forthwith ad-
dressed to that friend the following note, which
had the intended effect, as we understood, of put.
ting an immediate stop to the business.
DEAR SI: We cannot have, in any manner or form, any
"interview, conference, correspondence, or understanding
with D. G., directly or indirectly. But any engagement or
responsibility, pecuniary or otherwise, which your friend-
n ship may have placed you under for our interest, we shall
"consider ourselves bound in honor to make good.
NOVEMBER 24."
This note, as we have said, put an immediate
stop to the affair, and it was not renewed, with
our privity or knowledge. We have since learned,
indeed, that Mr. Green came to the city and re-
newed the matter to the same gentleman, a week
or ten days afterwards ; but his proposition, what-
ever it was, was not entertained so far as to be
communicated to us.
We may add, we hope without impropriety, be-
fore we dismiss the subject, that we should have
been glad to receive aid from any quarter, openly
given, in obtaining work in the line of the profes-
sion to which we were bred, and by which we live,
for the large and expensive printing establishment
provided by us solely for the Congress printing,
which is now shut up, totally idle, and greatly bur-
densome. But, under ihe circumstances, we
deemed it proper to meet the proposition above
referred to, in the manner set forth in our note.

THE WHIOS OF VIRGINIA.-The Richmond
Whig of Friday contains the proceedings of a
meeting of Whig members of the Legislature,
held on Wednesday, at which resolutions were
adopted urging upon the opponents of the Ad-
ministration a speedy and thorough organization
for the great contest next fall.
As tending to this end, it is recommended that
a convention be held in Richmond on the 24th
of February to nominate an electoral ticket. T.
W. GILMER, Speaker of the House, presided at
the meeting, and there were sixty-three members
present in person, and two by proxy ; besides, se-
veral members were detained by indisposition,
and others were absent from the city. There was
but one feeling pervading all present-enthusiasm
in the cause they espoused, and confidence in its
success.
There was no reluctant support pledged to
Gen. HARRISON, but each man resolved cordially
and zealously" to aid in his election. There was
no hesitation in denouncing and disapproving the
measures and the men of the present Administra-
tion-the first as heretical and baneful," result-
ing in the direful evils of anarchy and confusion
and despotism;" and the other as men whose
only fixed principle of action is self-aggrandize-
ment and the love of power."
Of General HARRISON, the resolutions speak as
an "old public servant, distinguished alike as a
citizen and a soldier, in the service of the coun-
try ;" and of his principles and his character
they say:
We are satisfied, by the high moral character and un-
spotted integrity of Gen. HARRISON, as evinced through a
long life of public service, that, should he be elected, he will
administer the Government as the President of the nation,
and not asthechiefofa party; and being moreover convinced
that, upon every question involving political principle, he is
more orthodox than his competitor, especially upon the all-
absorbing, and, to the South, vital question of abolition, which
is assuming every day a more portentous aspect; for he who
sacrificed a high and honorable station, by having opposed
the Missouri restriction, as Gen. Harrison did, and denies,
as Gen. Harrison does, the power of Congress to interfere
with slavery in the States, ought, by the South at least, to
be preferred to him who was chifly instrumental in getting
up that restriction, as Mr. Van Buren was, and who at home
voted, as Mr. Van Buren did, to place the free negro upon a
footing of equality, as to the right of suflrage, with the white
man."
Seldom has so bright and attractive a Star culminated in
our theatrical hemisphere as the accomplished Mrs. FIrz-
WILLIAM. Coming as she does with the strongest endorse-
ment from Drury Lane, Covent Garden, New York, Boston,
and Philadelphia, she cannot fail to please here. Her extra-
ordinary versatility, tac and exquisite~perfornance of every
thing in that branch orthe drama which she so signally or-
naments, make her one of the first and most popular artists
of the day. As a pleasing performer on the harp, guitar,
and piano, a delightful singer and inimitable actress, we com-
mend her to our play-going community.
One of the by-laws for the government of the Bank of the
State of North Carolina requires that, at the general meeting
of the stockholders, a report shall be made setting forth the
amount of indebtedness, as well of directors as of stockholders


who are not directors. At the recent meeting of stockhold-
ers, such a report was made, and it appeared that out of a
debt due the principal Bank of $714 000, only $23,000 are
owing by stockholders, of which $7,000 are due from direct-
ors, and $16,000 from stockholders not directors. A paral-
lel to this can be found, we imagine, but in few banking
Institutions.-Register.
NEW ORLEANS, JAN. 5.
We are sorry to learn that at an early hour yesterday
morning the steamer William Wallace, which had been haul-
ed up for repairs at Algiers, slipped off the ways into the ri-
ver, and almost instantly filled. Several men were sleeping
on board the boat when the accident occurred. As soon as
their perilous situation was ascertained, boats from the shore
came to their assistance, and fortunately rescued them.-Sun.
PRESTON B. ELDER, editor of the Columbia Spy, died on
Monday last, at that place, in his 30th year.
A suit for an alleged defalcation of $69,000 is pending at
New Orleans against W. H. KERR, late postmaster at that
city.
I A full length Portrait of Mr. VAN BUREN (to corres-
pond with the Portraits of the preceding Presidents) painted
by H. INMAN, engraved by J. SARTAIN, (and a very fine en-
graving it is,) is in the hands of an agent, now in this city,
for file,


THE HARRISBURG NOMINATIONS
ACCEPTED.

From the Committee to General Harrison.
HARRisBCRG, Dec. 7,1839.
SIR : The undersigned, a committee appointed by the Na-
tional Democratic Whig Convention, assembled at Harris-
burg to nominate Candidates for the offices of President and
Vice President of the United States, have the honor to inform
you that, by a resolution of that body, passed unanimously
this day, you were nominated a candidate for the Presidency,
and the Hon. JOHN TYLER, of Virginia, a candidate for the
Vice Presidency of the United States.
The undersigned have the honor to be, with the highest
respect, your obedient servants,
JOHN OWEN, of North Carolina, Chairman.
ELISHA W. ALLEN, of Maine.
JAMES WILSON, of New Hampshire.
ISAAC C. BATES, of Massachusetts.
JAMES F. StIMMONS, of Rhode Island.
WILLIAM HENRY, of Vermont.
CrAEs DAVIS, of Connecticut.
ROBERT C. NicHOLAS, of New York.
EPHRAIM MARSH, of New Jersey.
RICHARD MANSFIELD, of Delaware.
J. ANDREW SHULTZ, of Pennsylvania.
REVERDY JOHNSON, of Maryland.
JAMES W. PEGRAM, of Virginia.
THOMAS METCALF, of Kentucky.
JACOn BURNETT, of Ohio.
DoUGLAsa McGuiRE, of Indiana.
G. MASON GRAHAM, of Louisiana.
T. C. TUPPER, of Mississippi.
WILLIAM H. RUSSEL, of Missouri.
GEo. W. RALPH, of Illinois.
HENRY W. HILLIARD, of Alabama.
GEO. C. BATES, of Michigan.
To General WM. HENRY HARRISON.

General Harrison's Reply.
NORTH BEND, DECEMBER 19,1839.
GENTLEMEN ; I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt
of your letter from Harrisburg of the 7th instant.
However objectionable in the opinions of many of our fel-
low-citizens may be the mode of selecting a candidate for the
two highest offices of the Government by a General Conven-
tion, the peculiar circumstances in which the party opposed to
the present Administration were placed seem to have left them
no alternative, to secure that unity of action so necessary to
their success. The number of States represented, and the
exalted characters of the Delegates to whom the delicate task
of nominating a candidate was committed, leaving no room to
doubt that their decision was in accordance with the wishes
of the majority of their constituents, I accept with gratitude
the nomination which, in obedience to a resolution of the
Convention, you have done me, gentlemen, the honor to com-
municate.
But, however high I may value this evidence of the attach-
ment and confidence of so large a portion of my fellow-citi-
zens, I must beg you to believe, gentlemen, that no one is
more thoroughly convinced than I am that, in selecting a re-
tired and unpretending individual to be their candidate, the
Convention were influenced by circumstances often occurring
in popular governments, to set aside the higher claims of other
citizens, although founded upon the possession of the most
distinguished talents and the performance of the most eminent
services to their country, united to every other quality neces-
sary to the discharge of the duties of Chief Magistrate of this
great Republic.
It may, perhaps, be expected that I should embrace this
occasion to declare the principles upon which the Adminis-
tration will be conducted, if the efforts of my friends to place
me in the Presidential Chair should prove successful. But
having, in a letter to the Hon. HARMER DENNY, and in ano-
ther to the Hon. SHERROD WILLIAMS, both of which have
been made public, given my views at some length of the cha-
racter and extent of the powers vested by the Constitution in
the President, I consider it unnecessary to repeat them here.
I deem it however, gentlemen, proper at this time to renew
the assurance, heretofore frequently made, that, should I be
elected to the Presidency, I will, under no circumstances, con-
sent to be a candidate for a second term.
With the highest consideration, gentlemen, for yourselves
and those you represent, I am your fellow-citizen,
W. H. HARRISON.
To the Hon. JOHN OWEN, and the others of the Committee.


*DITORIW CORRESPONDENCE.

NEW YORK, JANUARY 13.
From CANTON we have a few days later dates,
but no papers. The printing office was removed
to Whampoa. There was no change in the p.o-
sition of affairs. All was in suspense waiting or-
ders from England. The opinion prevailed that
a blockade would be ordered. The smuggling of
opium was carried on to a great extent along the
coast.I
The bill providing for the election of United
States Senator has passed both branches of the
Legislature, and Mr. TALLMADGE will be re-elected
to-morrow. In the House he will receive every
Whig vote but one.
Stocks to-day maintain the advance of Saturday.
U. S. Bank sold at 86, an advance of 10 percent.
in one week.
There is nothing further from Boston to settle
the question as to who is to be Governor. It was
understood that the committee would report to*
day. _________

FROM TEXAS.
The steam-packet Neptune arrived at New Orleans on the
1st instant from Galveston, in 37 hours, having made the run
from that port to the Balize in the teeth of a heavy easterly
wind. Galveston papers were received by her to the 28th
ultimo, and oral information of considerable interest. The
most important piece of intelligence is the passage through
both branchesof Congress of General HAMILTON'S Loan Bill.
It was adopted, with all the modifications suggested by Gen.
H., in the House of Representatives by a vote of 29 to 8, and
in the Senate by a vote of 9 to 2. The sanction of the Pro-
sident had also been given to it.
President LAMAR'S administration is considered decidedly
popular. In relation to the late movement of an allied force
of Texians and Federalists in Mexico, a strong feeling of
condemnation exists. Ross and his troops had been deeply
censured for invading the Mexican territory. Ross himself
had been stricken from the rolls, and the pay-rolls of his men
cancelled for their desertion from their posts and disobedience
of orders.
The Neptune had been detained two days in Galveston,
awaiting General Hamilton's return from Austin, that his
despatches might be forwarded to England by the packet of
the 10th, from New York. Gen. H. came passenger in the
Neptune to New, Orleans.

NATIONAL THEATRE.-WASHINGTON.
THIS EVENING, JANUARY 16,
Will be acted for the second time, and by particular desire, the
comedy of the
IRISH WIDOW.
The Widow Brady, Mrs. FITZWILLIAM.
After which, (6or the 2d time here,) a Drams called FOREIGN
AIRS and NATIVE GRACES.
To conclude with (for the first time here) the Pare* of
THE IRISH LION.

Sale This Day.

G LASS, CHINA, AND QUEENS WARE.-The
sale of Glass, China, anrd Qieeiis Ware will be closed
this evening, at half past 6 o'clock, at Boteler & Donn's rooms.
There are yet many desirable articles, such as-
Dinner ad-T oilet Sets, Tumblers,Wines, Champagnes, Pitch-
ers, &c. to be disposed of. The while of which will be closed
this evenii.g.
Please attend and buy bargains. Terms cash.
EDWARD DYER,
jan 16 Auctioneer.
iIGNORA ALBINA STELLA'S SOIREE MUSI-
'. C.PLE, at Carusl's Saloon, on SATURDAY EVEN-
ING, January 18.-It is respectfully announced to the amateurs
of music that Signora STELLA will give her Soiree Musicale, at
Carusi's Saloon, i.n r',r. i, ,, .. J r.. rv 18S, on which oc-
casion she will asi. . .: 1 i ,.hi,, L.,. .-. French, and Span- ,
ish Songs. For r,Ill a. .. 1. r..,i, i i -..
Tickets Sti each. Concert to commence at quarter before 8.
jan 16-3t_


r y to a l e ITUATION WANTED.-A German lady, highly qua-
Governor Tyler's Reply to a like Letter. 9 lifted by long experience to teach music aad the French
WILLrASUG, (VA.) DECEMBER 16,1839 language, is desirous of changing her situation. She would have
WILLIAMSRo, (VA.) DECEMER 16, 1839. no objection to going Souuth or West, and would superintend a
GENTLEMEN: The nomination which, as the organs ofthe thorough English education in a private family, if it was a com-
late Harrisburg Convention, you have communicated to me, fortable and eligible simation.
is accepted with a sensibility greatly augmented by the fact Direct (letters post paid) C. H. care of Mr. P. Huntingto' t
Milton, N. C. jan 16-4t
that, whilst it is a result in no way contemplated by me, it was -
attended by the unanimous concurrence of that enlightened AT WINGERDI'.-Ladies' Merino Vests,
A L Gentlemen's Merino Shirts,
and patriotic body. To have my name associated with that Ladies' super fleeccd silk Hose, suitable for winter wear,
of the eminent PATRIOT who is put in nomination for the first Also, Super and medium ribbed and pluin silk Hose and half
office, is of itself regarded by me as no ordinary honor. His hose. All of which will be disposed of on reasonable terms.
long and faithful services to the country, at the council board innNlG-3It- ------i to sellof
and in the field, have won for him a distinguishednELLING O1 I-The Subscriber, determining to sell off
and in the field, have won for him a distinguished name in S his entire Stock of Winter Goods, if possible, offers the fol-
history, and furnish the surest guaranty that, should he be lowing articles full 10 per cent. less than regular prices, viz.
elevated by the popular voice to the Chief Executive office, Rose, Whitney, and Mackinaw Blankets
his administration of governmental affairs will be just, and Red, White, and Yellow Flannels
S e o f h g a Cloths, Cassimeres, and Cassioeits
prudent, and wise. With the Constitution for his guide, and Kentucky Jeans and Hardtimes
the good of his country his only aim, I doubt not but that his English and French Merinos
exertions would be exclusively directed to uphold the one and Servants' Merino Cloaks, at $4
e e o r. T e f d a d s e o D ark C alicoes, French, E nglis h, and D om estic
to advance the other. The friend and supporter of JEFFERSON, Plain and Figured Dress and Bonnet Silks
of MADISON, and MONROE, and the immediate descendant *f 7 4 and 8-4 Blanket Shiwls, (plain and figured)
a signer of the Declaration of Independence, can be none 7-4 and 8-4 Broche and Kuabyle Shawls
r t n t e to h e r R lic a t Hosiery, embracing in kind Lambswool, Cashmere, Angola,
other than true to his early Republican Creed, and the devot- Worsted, Silk, and Cotton Hose and Half-hose, and Child-
ed advocate of free principles and of popular rights, ren's Woollen and Cotton Hose of every size
I have the honor to be, gentleman, your obedient servant, 4-4 French Chintz, at 31i cents per yard
JOHNl TYE Persons wishing any of the above, or other articles in the Dry
JOHN TYLER. Goods Line, may save a penny b:. .-lli;g soon at
JOHN OWEN, Esq. and others of the Committee. J \F' ii B; CLARKE'S,
j ,n If_-- :..l ,1" N f. or.m -',i 'T. rr..I. .. t t ,.e Marlk lt.
FLORIDA.-The Savannah Georgian of the 5th instant NI l' ,. N, ... s.. ,.., I i
states that the campaign in Middle Florida has fairly opened. -p' LEETI l.-W FP. M, Ct.i .,'-. I-I I t .!'I ,.,t hla 'lrr, from
Col. GARLAND, in command of the lst column, composed of J ,H,- I,' Jr..','. l...r,.l..a I., ',e laor ofar-,
eleven companies of the 1st and 2d Infantry, is ordered to n theu tr :, t .I'.whee '.hem' vbo onsul.d n MIdis.as
scour all the hammocks between the St. Augustine road and connected with the teeth and gunis. The insertion of artificial
the Georgia line, and has already, with nine companies, pass- teeth, cleansing, plugging, extracting, and thie regulating ef
ed through Patterson's Hammock, from west to east, without children's teeth, shall be dne in a very superior style.
ithrougPattersndicatinofrIndian s tCo.DaY twin Mr. MCCONNELL flatters himself that, after regularly studying
discovering any indication of Indians. Col. DAVENPORT, in his profession in the city of Philadelphis, practising some years
command of the 2d column composed of Dragoons, Artillery, in America, and six years in England, Ireland, Scotland, and
and 6th Infantry, has commenced operations south of the St. France,i he is in possession of every advantage connected with
e b e i a t h is p r o fes s io n .
Augustine road, between it and the Gulf. Second street, Pennsylvanii avenue, near the Capitol.
REFERENCES.
NAVAL.-U. S. ship LEVANT was off Havana December T. Sewall, M. D., H. Lindsly, M. D.
22d, bound on a cruise to windward, all well. The U. S. F. May, M. D., N. P. Causin, M.D.
ship WARREN was in company with the LEVANT, cruising dec 27-eolm
off Havana, waiting the arrival of the U. S. frigate MACEDO- .'OSIERY STORF.-300 dozen comprise the subscri-
NIAN, Com. WM. SHUBRICK, from Pensacola, expected hour- .JIL. bear's stock of that important article, Hosiery, and in it in
ly. This frigate will go to windward, leaving the WARREN embraced every desirable kind, quality, and size.
on the station. These vessels would sail on the 27th of De- 10 dozen Men's Long Woollen Hose
cember. 30 do Women's do do
MONTEVIDEO dates to the 31st of October give information 150 do do Cotton, Silk, Worsted, Cashmere, Mo.
hair, and Angola Hose
that the U. S. frigate INDEPENDENCE had just arrived from 60 do hsi'r an A ola Cn KHis We Vi
Rio, having the smallpox otn board. The U. S. sloop of 60 do Mens Lambwool, Country Knit, Worted Vigo-
war AIRFE~e wasto sil he nxtnia, Cotton, and Silk Half Hose
war F IELD was to sail the next day for Buenos Ayres. 60 do Children's Woollen Hose and Half Hose, of every
A letter from an officer of the U. S. ship OHIO, Couitmo- size
dore HULL, to a friend in Norfolk, dated at sea, October 10, Also, Lambswool, Merino and Gotten Shirts and Drawers, all
1839, says: We are all well on board. Lieutenants of which will be sold at low prices by
Browning, Taylor, and Gordon have been transferred to the JAMES B. CLARKE,
Cyane, and Lieutenants Hitchcock, Hazard, and Miller No. 2 from 6th street, and opposite Cectre Market.
from that ship to this. Capt. Latimer was at Marseilles, but jan 16-eo3tif [Globe & Nat Air]
daily expected at Mahon when we sailed. The Cyane was N OTICE TO CREDITORIS.-IThe undersigned would
there, and Capt. Percival would leave as soon as relieved by tender his acknowledgments to hisa creditors generally for
Capt. L." their forbearance during the present dull season, whilst the earth
H is clad in snow, and many of our fellow-citizens are engaged in
THE BRIO HERALD, OF BOSTON, BURNT AT SEA, AND FIVE deeda of charity to their neighboring poor. Their actions deeply
LIVES LOST.-We have received, via Rio de Janeiro, advices contrast with the conduct of those -j.\I -c' ; ,.-. .,Id move
from Pernambuco to November 4th, which state that the brig heaven and earth for their pound of 1 '*,o r-',1'.!'.6;, .f conse-
Herald, Captain Howes, of and for Boston from Calcutta, queices. The undersigned has ample means in his possession to
took fire below in lat. 4 30 south, Ion. 26 25 west, and was- pay every debt he owes in this city and Georgetown if those
soon destroyed, together with five persons who were unable te means are not sacrificed.
escape. Among the sufferers were Messrs. Packena, Irving, jan 16-I3t DANIEL PIERCE.
and Bell, passengers, and Samuel Nash, first mate. The ENUiRAL SALE AT AUCTION, to close cots-
launch boat, containing the remainder of the crew, arrived % t'signiments.--On Friday next, the 17ih instnint, at I1 o'clock
within a few miles of Pernambuco, after being at sea six days. A. M., 1 shall sell at my auction wore, for ca-Ih, to close consign-
Captain Howes and Mr. W. Austin had arrived at Per- ments, a general lot of articles, desirable to every family, via.
nambuco. 10 very handsome mahogany Parlor Chairs
Sefa and Pillows
ARR IAGE 1 dozen cane Chairs, and 1 dozen rush seat do.
MARRtIAJGES. Mahogany Sideboards, dining and breakfast Tables
In New York, on the llth instant, JAMES BAYARD Bureaus, Wardrobes, Toilet Tables, Chamber Chairs, &c.
WHITTEMORE to JEANNETTE ELIZA, only Also, a lot of coarse and strong Frock Coats, suitable for servants
daughter of Capt. J. D. SLOAT, U. S. Navy. 10 Buffalo Robes
At Louisville, Ky., on the 5th instant, WILLIAM B. s0 boxes Lubee Herring
WHITING, Esq. of the U. S. Navy, to Miss MARY LEE 60 excellent old Hams, &.....c.


NICHOLLS, adopted daughter of the late JAS. BRUCE Ni-
OHOLLS, Esq. of Alexandria, D. C.
In Brooklyn, N. Y. on the 25th ult. WM. W. HURL-
BURT to ELIZABETH W. daughter of the late SILAB
BUTLER, Esq. formerly Purser in the U. S. Navy.
At Columbia, on 31st ult. by the Rev. WM. B. YATES,
WM. D. PORTER, Esq. of Charleston, to Miss EMMA
A. HARADEN, of Greenville, Tenn., youngest daughter
of the late Capt. NATHANIEL HARADEN, of the U. S. Navy.

DEATH.
Died, on the llth December, at his residence near Pearl-
ington, Mississippi, Judge P. RUTILIUs R. PRAY. He had
filled a number of important offices in the State; he was
President of the convention which framed the Constitution
of the State of Mississippi: subsequently he was elected a
member of the bench of the High Court of Errors and Ap-
pealst, which office be held at his deceue,


ian 16


EUWAUD DYER,
Auetioneer.


WHISKEY, COAL, &c.-
60 Barrels Whiskey
1,000 Bushels English Grate Coal
2,000 do Richmond Coal (for Smiths)
60 Barrels Nova Scotia Herrings
100 do Potomac Herrings
60 Kegs Butter and Lard
20) Barrels Corn on the cob
300 Sacks Salt
3160 Tons Plaster
In store, and for sale by WALTER SMOOT,
ian 15i -It Water street, Georgetown.
IGEST OF THE LAWS OV THE UNITED
STATES, giving also the Judicial Decisions illustrative
of the Statutes, by Thomas F. Gordon, in 1 octavo vol. last edi.
tion, just received, and for sal by
Jan 1 4,.TAT 41L,


inn 15


I -










IMPORTANT TO THOSE AFFLICTED with
Diseases of the Lungs and Windpipe.-Rev. I. CO-
VER T'- BALM OF LIFE. A new and valuable remedy for the
cre of Coughs, Colds, Consumption, Asthma, Bronchitis, Croup,
Whooping Cough, and all diseases of the Lungs and Windpipe;
extensively used and recommended by the Medical faculty, to
whom the Recipe has been freely made known.
HOADLEY, PHELPS, & CO.
Wholesale Druggists, 142 Water street, New York,
General Agents.
I. COVERT & CO.
Proprietors, Auburn, New York.
The proprietor of this medicine, having witnessed with much
pain the great and increasing destruction ofthe life and health of
so many of his fellow-beings by Consumption, Bronchitis, and the
various and numerous other diseases of the Lungs and Windpipe,
was induced to direct his attention and inquiries to the discovery
of a more efficacious remedy than has heretofore been presented
to the Public.
With much care, consultation, and study, he has prepared a
medicine, which he now presents to an intelligent and discerning
Public, with the utmost confidence in its virtues and success in the
cure of the diseases for which it is recommended-and which lihe
is willing to submit to tihe most scrutinizing test of the Medical
Faculty, and to rest its reputation upon their decision.
It contains no ingredients that can impair the constitution under
any circumstances. It will be found greatly serviceable in Colds,
Coughs, and all diseases of the Lungs and Broichia, such as
Phthisic, Asthma, Whooping Cough, Group, Acute and Chronic
Inflammations of the Lungs and Windpipe.
By the DYSPEPTIC, it has been used with decided advantage,
and is serviceable to persons laboring under debility of any kind,
if used according to the directions. To the CONSUMPTIVE,
it has invariably afforded almost immediate relief, and in several
instances has wrought a permanent cure. It is not, however, ex-
pected to effect a cure upon such as are in the last stages of the
disease ; but, even to such, it will be found to give much relief,
and greatlyprolong that remnant oflife which has become sonearly
extinguished by the dread destroyer.
The proprietor is now receiving, almost daily, testimonials of the
highest respectability from physicians, clergymen, and others,
who have become acquainted with its nature and effect, among
which are the following :
"I have examined a recipe for a compound called the Balm of
Life, in the hands of the Rev. Isaac Covert, and have to state that
I consider it a safe and useful combination of medicines, calcula-
ted to be very beneficial in chronic diseases of the lungs and air-
passages. AVERY J. SKILTON,
Taov, JUNE 27, 1839. Physician and Surgeon.
I fully concur in the above recommendation.
T. S. BARRETT,
Physician apd Surgeon, New York city.
This certifies that having examined the Rev. I. Covert's Balm of
Life in all its component parts, we do believe it to be one of the
best compounds for coughs, consumption, chronic inflammations,
etc. of which we have any knowledge, and do most cordially re-
commend its use to all afflicted with the above named diseases.
J. W. DANIELS, M. D., Salina.
W. J. LOVEJOY, M.D.,
GORDON NEEDHAM, M. D., Onondaga.
E. LAWRENCE, M. D., Baldwinsville.
The nature of the composition of the Rev. I. Covert's Balm of
Life having been fully explained to the following medical gentle-
men, they have consented that they may be referred to as author-
ity for its utility as an expectorant in those chronic cases of pul-
monary disease in which that class of remedies is indicated.
D. M. Reese, M. U., Professor of the Theory and Practice of
Medicine in the Albany Medical College.
J. M'Naugbton, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and Physiology in
the Fairfield Medical College.
Mark Stephenson, M. D., New York city.,
Doctor M. McKnight, New York city. 0
J. Mitchel, M. D., Philadelphia.
The following named individuals have also given their testimony
in favorofthe medicine; whose certificates, together with many
others, may be seen by application to any of the agents.
Rev. Isaac Stone, Lysander, N. Y.
Dr. Joseph T. Pitney, )
Dr. E. Humphreys, Auburn, N. Y.
N. Weaver, M.D.,
Rev. D. Moore, Aurelius, N.Y.
Rev. H. Bannister, Cazenovia, N. Y.
Win. Morris, M. D., Utica, N. Y.
R. Glover, M. D., New York city.
Rev. Timothy Stow, Elbridge, N. Y.
John Wilson, M. D., Albany, N. Y.
3. 0. Shipman, M.D. Fayetteville, N. Y.
S. R. Kirby, M. D., New York city.
C. D. Townsend, M. D., Albany, N. Y.
A. Streeter, M. D., Troy, N. Y.
L. Streeter, M.D.,
A. H. Newcomb, M. D., Salina, N. Y.
FOR SALE by most of the druggists in Washington ; by
J. J. Sayres, Alexandria;
0. M. Linthicum, Georgetown.
J. F. Clark, Baltimore.
J. C. Allen, 180 South Second street, Philadelphia.
B. Emerson, Norfolk.
And in most of tihe towns in the United States; where pamphlets,
containing particulars and numerous testimonials, may be had
gratis. dec 5-6m
ONSUMPTIONS, Coughs, spitting of blood, pain in the
.C side, &c., cured by Rev. 1. Covert's Balm of Life. For
s.le by the druggists generally. See other advertisements.
dec 5-6m
SPENSER'S POETICAL WORKS, tihe beautiful Bos-
ton edition in 5 octavo volumes, is just published and this day
received for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also, Lieber's Political Ethics, second part, 1 vol. octavo; The
Origin, History, and Influence of Roman Legislation, republished
in pamphlet form from the New York Review; the Writings of
Chief Justice Marshall upon the United States Constitution, in
1 octavo volume ; Currency and Banking, in 1 octavo volume, by
Condy Raguet; Burke's Complete Works, beautiful Boston edi-
tion, in 9 octavo volumes, just published.
." OR SHAVING-Ring's celebrated VERBENA
Jt.' CREAM SOAP, the best article ever offered for shaving.
For sale by Dr. WATKINS, S. J. TODD, CHAS. STOTT, J.
L. PEABODY, R. S. PATTERSOCN, W. KIRKWOOD, E. H. &
C. H. JAMES, F. HOWARD, of Washington; 0. M. LINTH-
ICUM, Georgetown; and the Druggists generally in Alexandria.

FOR COUGHS, CONSUMPTION, &c.-Rev. I. COVERT's
BALM OF LIFE, an unequalled remedy for all diseases of the
Lungs and Windpipe, and extensively recommended by the Medi-
cal Faculty. For particulars and numerous certificates see circulars
in the hands of all the agents.
For sale as above, and by druggists and merchants in most of
the towns in the United States.

FOR DYSPEPSIA and all BILIOUS AFFECTIONS-Dr.
PHELPS'S COMPOUND TOMATO PILLS, entirely vegetable-
a superior remedy for the above and kindred diseases, and un-
equalled as an ordinary Family Physic. For particulars aid
numerous certificates from physicians and others, see circulars
in the hands of all the agents.
For sale as above, and by most of the druggists and merchants in
the United States. dec 5--6m
D R. G. H. PHELPS'S COMPOUND TOMATO
PILLS.-These Pills continue to maintain the celebri-
ty which they so rapidly and extensively acquired, and have prov-
ed themselves an unequalled remedy as an alterative in Dyspep-
sia, Chronic and Glandular diseases, and as a Cathartic in all
Bilious affections, and Family Physic; as from their nature and
composition they are particularly mild and salutary in their opera-
tion. The testimonials of their superior beneficial effects from
physicians and distinguished individuals place them beyond the
doubtful remedies of the day, and warrant the proprietor in claim-
ing for them superior consideration. 4
*** As there are other and different Tomato Pills now adver-
tised, and some even as Phelps's," those wishing the genuine
should be 'particular to get those signed G. R. Phelps, M. D.,
Hartford, Conn. For testimonials see pamphlets in the hands of
all those who sell them.
For sale by the proprietor, Hartford, Conn., and by agents in
most of the principal towns in the United States.
For sale by nearly all the Druggists in tire District of Colombia.
See circulars in the hands of all the agents. dec 5-6m
" ['EIBENA CREAM FOR SHAVING.-The im-
V portance .f1 :lhjirti ,.oap that will make a rich perma-
nent emollient ;iiI,. r, i.iih..,t leaving any unpleasant irritation af-
terwards, appears to have been duly appreciated, by the very flat-
IKrie'; recommendations bestowed on "Ring's Verbena Cream,
i]..s ..s fast superseding all other shaving soaps, whether foreign
or of domestic origin.
From the New York Star.
"From self-experience, (of tire Verbena Cream,) we cheerfully
add our need of praise, having never before shaved with so much
ease and real courfort."
Prom the New York Gazette.
The New Soap.-We speak from experience, and we speak
from the more professional knowledge of our benefactor snd
friend, James Grant, No. 4 Ann street, who says it is ahead
of any thing yet found out in this department of modern im-
provement. ?t is not only 'an emollient,' but it is something
more. In short, we believe it is the best shaving soap in the
world."
From the New York Times;
"Verbena Cream, we can truly say, is an emollient composi-
tion which affords an unusual degree of comfort in shaving. From
experience, we cheerfully recommend it to universal use."
tvron the Atlas.
"The Verbena Cream for shaving is destined to supersede all
other kinds of shaving soap. It is really fine-it is just the tiring.
VWe have determined that henceforth no other shaving compound
shall be applied to our face." For sale at
jan 10 TODD'S Drug Store.


ERY SUPERIOR WINES. have this day receiv-
ed a consignment of choice Wines, consisting of-
Very fine old Pale Sherry
Do. do. Brown do.
Do. do. Howard, March & Co.'s Madeira
Choice old East India Madeira
Very superior Champagne, Olive brand"
Tie above Wines are received direct from tire importer, and arc
warranted to be of the very best quality.
They will be sold at private sale on the most favorable terms.
Orders for any quantity of Wines will receive prompt attention,
and be furnished at thie. very lowest rates.
JOHN A. BLAKE,
Auctioneer and Comm. Merchant, Centre Market Space.
jan 4-dtf
T 1 lIE J UR IST.-A monthly Law and Equity Reportol Cases
A decided in the House of Lords, Privy Council, Chancellor's
Court, Rolls Court, Exchequer, Queen's Bench, Bail Court,
Common Pleas, Court of Review, &c. fully and accurately re-
ported by eminent barristers expressly for this work.
Tie original reports are published at a great expense ; in this
series they will all be given for 87 per annum in 12 large month-
ly numbers, with thie further advantage of getting them much
earlier than they have heretofore been supplied to the profession.
The first number may be examined at F. TAYLOR'S Book-
store, where subscriptions'will be received, and the work for-
warded to any part of the United States, strongly enveloped, and
at a trifling postage. ian 6
n OMAN ANTIQUITIES AND ANCIENT MY-
THOLOGY, for Classical Schools, by Charles K. Dilla-
way, Principal of the Public Latin Schools in Boston ; third edi-
tion, for sale by W. M. MORRISON,
to 6 4 doors west of Brown'a Hotel,


H ORRIID DEPRAVITY.-Some notorious counterfeit.
ers have nearly killed several persons by selling them a
spurious and false mixture of Hays' Liniment.
The genuine is warranted perfectly harmless and effectual. Nev-
er buy the article unless it have the written signature of COM-
STOCK & CO. on the splendid wrapper. That firm are solely au-
thorized to make and sell the true article.
Original proprietor, SOLOMON HAYS.
P. S. The true Hays' Liniment is warranted to cure Piles and
Rheumatism in all cases, or no pay taken for it.
Sold at No. Q Fletcher street, near Pearl street and Maiden Lane,
New York, by COMSTOCK & CO.
Wholesale Druggists.
The genuine is for sale in Washington by
CHARLES STOTT, and
WM. F. BENDER,
dec 16-eo2m Druggists.
T HE HUMAN HAIR is warranted staid or restored,
and the head kept free from dandruff, by the genuine
OLDRIDGE'S BALM OF COLUMBIA.
Remember the genuine as described below.
This is certified to by several Mayors, Ministers of the Gospel,
British Consul, Physicians, and a great number of our most honor-
able citizens, to be seen where it is sold.
DARING FRAUD I-This article has been imitated by a notori-
ous counterfeiter. Let it never be purchased or used unless it have
the name of L. S. COMSTOCK, or the signature of COM-
STOCK & CO. on splendid wrapper. 'Uhis is the only external
test that will secure the Public from deceotion.
Apply at the wholesale and retail office, No. 2 Fletcher st.,
near Maiden Lane and Pearl street.
Address COMSTOCK & CO.
Wholesale Druggists.
The genuine is for sale in Washington by
CHARLES STOTT and
WM. F. BENDER,
dee 16-eo2m Druggists.
O MEMBERS OF CONGRESS AND THE
TUPUBLIC.-The subscriber having recently completed
hlis usual fall purchases of Staple and Fancy Goods, invites atten-
tion to the following, which forms only a portion of his stock,
for sale at the Old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store, a few doors
east of the. City Post Office, Pennsylvania avenue:
Superior Havana and Principe segars, of the most celebrated
brands
Best cavendish chewing tobacco
Lorillard's and Mrs. Miller's fine-cut tobacco, for chewing and
smoking
Also, Turkish smoking tobacco
Fancy pipes, with extra bowls, &c.
Foreign and American snuffs, comprising some of thie best de-
scriptions; also, those in general use
A large variety of snuff-boxes, some very finely painted
Double and single bairell guns, from 812 to $150
Together with all the necessary equipment for sporting, such
as patent top and plain powder-flasks, patent lever, adjusting,
and plain shot-bags and pouches, game-bags, wad-cutters, patent
wads, wash-rods, patent leather drinking-cups, liquor-flasks, per-
cussion caps, &c. Sic.
English and Dupont's eagle powder, in canisters
Pistols of various sizes and patterns, travelling, pocket, plain
and rifled
Fencing-masks and foils
Gig, sulky, and riding whips; also walking-canes
Fine cutlery, consisting, in part, of Rodgers's, Mechi's, and
Wade & Butcher's best razors, in cases, and single superior
penknives, various patterns, scissors of all sizes and qualities
Pocket-books, wallets, money-belts, bead and silk purses, a
great variety
Chessmen and boards ; also backgammon boards of various
sizes, complete; dice, dice boxes, &c. &c.
Ladies' and gentlemen's dressing-cases, plain and furnished,
some very superior; also gentlemen s travelling cases, furnished
and plain
Ladies' work-boxes, a large variety of various styles, plain and
furnished
Toilet soap, best French, put up in a handsome manner, and of
a variety of the most fragrant perfumes; also shaving soap, as
Naples, Guerlain's ambrosial cream, verbena cream, Ranaud &
Co.'s oleophane, a superior article, saponaceous compound, rose,
Windsor, &c.
Perfumery, consisting in part of Farina cologne; also a supe-
rior French cologne in handsome eases of six bottles ; Florida
water, lavender water, eau de miel, bay water, rose water, &c.
together with a large variety of best French extracts, some in
cases of 12 bottles, assorted odors, a superior article
Best French pomatum, Patey & Co.'s bear's grease, bear's oil,
antique oil, Indian hair oil, Macassar oil, cold cream, milk of ro-
ses, &c.
Toilet and tooth powder, powder boxes and puffs,'hair pins, &e.
A large assortment of brushes, as hair, ihat, clothes, tooth, nail,
and comb brushes
An assortment of combs, tortoise shell and Brazilian, as tuck,
twist, and side, of best qualities ; also fine ivory and pocket
combs
dec 6 LEWIS JOHNSON.
IKATES, SKATES.-350 pairs, comprising all sizes,
S qualities, and prices. For sale cheap, for cash, at the old
Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy store, a few doors east of the City
Post Office, Penn. avenue. LEWIS JOHNSON.
P. S. Ice Walking-.Sticks for sale as above. dec 23
HE AMERICAN POCKET ALMANAC UFOR
1-10, containing a list of the officers of the United
States Government, Army and Navy List, and other useful infor-
mation. Just published, and for sale by
W. M. MORRISON,
dec 27 Four doors west of Brown's Hotel.
ING'S VERBENA CREAM FOR SHAVING.-
The subscriber has received a supply of the above justly
celebrated Shaving Cream, which he lihas no hesitation in recom-
mending.
Also, Guerlain's Ambrosial Cream.
At the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store, 4 doors east of the
City Post Office.
dec16 LLEWIS JOHNSON.
ELPITS, NEW ORLEANS NATCIIITOCIIES
D SNUFF.-Just received from New Orleans a fresh sup-
ply ofDelpit's Pile and Demigros Natehitoches Snuff, in pound
bottles.
For sale at the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy store, a fewidoors
east of thIe City Post Office, Penn. avenue.
LEWIS JOHNSON.
P. S. Superior old Cavendish Chewing Tobacco always on
hand, wholesale and retail, as above. dec 9
ASHINGTON CITY WINDOW GLASS.-
W Tihe subscriber ihas on hand abont 2,000 boxes Washing-
ton City Window Glass, comprising all the sizes usually requir-
ed for building purposes, and also the largest sizes for picture
glasses. For sale onaccommodating terms, especially to the trade,
on the customary time, with liberal discounts, according to the ex-
tent of purchases. Please apply at my store, four doors east of
the City Post Office.
oct 1 LEWIS JOHNSON.
B EAUTIFUL ARTICLES for Clsriatmas and New
B Year's presents, consisting of ladies' superior Rosewood
Writing Desks and Work Boxes, with and without music, furnish-
ed and unfurnished, richly inlaid with pearl, from $1 to $30 each;
beautiful Toilet Dressing Cases, and colored Cologne Bottles for
the centre table; ladies' splendid Card and Needle Cases, of pearl,
ivory, and shell, inlaid Pocket Books, Purses, Tablets, Wallets,
gold and silver Pencil Cases, from 50 cents to $15 each ; Writing,
Travelling, and Dressing Cases, with patent locks, from 82 50 to
$10 each; silver, pearl, ivory, and shell Penholders and Paper
Folders ; a great variety of Albums, Scrap Books, and Portfolios,
with locks richly embossed and inlaid, from 5 0 cents to $t10 each;
Rodgers' superior Penknives, Razors, and Scissors, in pearl, ivory,
and shell handles; new Motto Seals, with handle, in neat cases;
Water Colors, in mahogany boxes, with locks, completely furnish-
ed; bronze and china Inkstands, Thermometers, Paper Weights,
Watch and Taper Stands; handsome Miniature Cases, shell and
ivory Combs, Hair Brushes, Emery Cushions, Pearl Wax, Wind-
ers, Whist Counters, Napkin and Purse Rings, new Games and Dis-
sected Maps, Chessmen, Backgammon Boards, Battledoors and
Graces; every description of the finest foreign Perfumery, Mathe-
matical Instruments, Music, Musical Boxes, Accordions, Guitars,
Flutes, and Clarionets; a large assortment of very rich Fancy
Boxes, from 25 cents to $5 each; damask, embossed, perforated,
and lace Note and Letter Paper; initial, transparent, and cameo
Wafers, with every other article in the stationery line, of superior
quality. Intellectual and amusing Cards of Philosophical Enigmas,
Historical Pope Joan, Conversations from Paley's Theology, Draw-
ing-room Gipsy, Sacred Oracle, Oracle of Flowers, Poetical Con-
versations, and New Year. To be had only at ,Stationers' Hall,
with many other fancy articles, too numerous to particularize, all of
which will be soLd at very fair prices.
dec 25 W. FISCHER.
NE THOUSAND REAMS double royal printing
paper 24* by 38,
200 reams double cap
500 do superfine foolscap, laid and vellum
500 do white and blue laid and vellum, quarto post
200 do envelope paper,royal and super royal,smooth surface
20 do royal blotting paper, best quality.
For sale between 9th and l0th streets, Penn. avenue.
ec 20 R. FARNHAM.
D OCTORS DIESBACII, KUIIN, AND PRY-
OR'S Dyspeptic Cordial for I)yspepsla, Sick
Hleadache, Rheumatism, Siec.--In the following diseases it
is recommended as a prompt, and, in most ca es, an effectual rem-
edy:
Dyspepsia, Sick or Nervous Headache, Colic, Cramp or Spasm
in the Stomaci, Cholera Morbus, Hysterics and Nervuus dis-
eases generally; Chronic Dysentery, h)iarrhoma or Purging, Sea
Sickness, Cholera lnfantum, Rheumatism, Chronic Liver Com-
plaints, Female irregularities of a Chronic character, attended
with cold feet, pain in the back, limbs, &c. It is also particularly
recommended to those who are suffering under debihity, languor,
depression of spirits, with irregular or defective appetite, rest-
lessness at night, with unsound or disturbed sleep. In these cases
this Cordial will be foue..I aa admirable remedy.
TESTIMONIAL.


BALTIMORE, S. LIBERTY St., FEB. 13, 1839.
To G.E. PRYOR & Co.-GENTLEMEN: I willingly comply
with your request to furnish a statement of the c ase in which your
Dyspeptic Cordial was used with so mc. t1 .*-1 -,1. ..:. It is brief-
ly thus: My niece, Mrs. Wallace. had m.. ,,. .,il r...' for several
months under a train of symptoms, such as usually denote the
worst form of Dyspepsia, viz. defective appetite, impaired diges-
tion, languor, debility, &c. These symptoms were, at length, fol-
lowed by great depression of spirits, sleeplessness, and nervous
agitation, while every article swallowed, even water, was follow-
'i l.v ,d;.fr. i', pain. While in this situation, a friend passing
llir..'.l. h l-iAI,... ', who had resided in your State, and was famiil-
i r i ,..- li..'r., advised the use ofa bottle of"mDre. Dresbach,
Kuhn, & Pryor's Dyspeptic Cordial," thie use of which, in a few
days, gave great relief, and finally cured hier.
PHILEMON TOWSON.
For sale in Washington by Rob't S. Patterson, E. H. & C. H.
James, and Flodoardo Howard ; in Georgetown by 0. M. Linthi-
cum ; and in Alexandria by Win. Stabler & Co.
anmg 13-2aw6m
C OLT'S BOOK-KEEPING.-The science of Double
Entry Book-keeping simplified, arranged, and methodized;
explained by definite rules, and illustrated by entries, in a man-
ner different from any previous work : together with practical
forms for keeping books in different commercial houses, pub-
lic lectures, &c. by J. C. Colt, Accountant, fourth edition, 1839,
this day received for sale by P. TAYLOR.
School edition, 105 pages.
Clerk's aud Meorchbant edition, 223 pag0e, dec 8


C ULTURE OF SILK.-A variety of books on thissubject,
embracing all the best works on the Mulberry, Silkworm,
and Silk, are for sale by F. TAYLOR, many of them lately re-
ceived.
Also, a valuable and extensive collection of books, American and
English, on Agriculture, Gardening, Farming, and all theirvarious
branches, at the lowest prices, at his bookstore immediately east of
Gadsby's Hotel. dec 23
TEW NOVEL.-The Spitfire, by Capt. Chamier, R. N.
L author of The Life of a Sailor, Jack Adams, &c. in 2 vols.
This day published, and for sale by
W. M. MORRISON,
dec 27 [Glo] Four doors west ef Brown's Hotel.
A NE W UtOIME : Who'll follow : or, lilimpses of
Western Life," by Mrs. Mary Clavers, an actual settler, 1
vol. This day received for sale by F. TAYLOR.
SUPERIOR FRENCH EXTRACTS.-The subscri-
ber, at the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store, has on hand
a varietyof best French Extracts, consisting of some of the most
desired odors for the handkerchief, &c. Also, Persian Scent
Bags and Cushions, &c.
dec 16 LLEWIS JOHNSON.
SEW BOOKS.-Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque by
S E. A. Poe, in two vol3. 12mo.
The Governess, by the Countess of Blessington, in two vols.
12mo.
Contination of the Memoirs of Charles Mathews, the Comedian,
by Mrs. Mathews, in two vols. 12mo.
Walks and Wanderings in the World of Literature, by Grant,
author of Bench and Bar, in two vols. 12mo.
Aiciphron, a poemj byThomas Moore, Esq. in pamphlet form.
GARRET ANDERSON'S
dec 16- Penn. avenue, between Ilth and 12th sts,
UST RECEIVED.-A further supply ofthe cheap edition
of the Waverley Novels (The Pirate) this day received
and for sale by W. M. MORRISON, 4 doors west of Brown's
Hotel. dec 18
Maryland, Charles County, set.
N APPLICATION made to me the subscriber, Chief
Judge of the Orphans' Uourt of Charles county, (in the re-
cess of tire County Court,) by the petition, in writing, of Joseph
F. Owen, of said county, for thire benefit of an act for the relief of
insolvent debtors, and the supplements thereto, a schedule of his
property and a list of his creditors, so far as hie can ascertain them,
being annexed on oath, and lie having satisfied ma that he has re-
sided in the State of Maryland for two years immediately previous
to his application, and having also stated that he is unable to pay his
debts, and that lie is now in the custody ofan officer and in prison
bound- for the same: 1 do therefore hereby order and adjudge
that lie, the said Joseph F. Owen, be released and exempted from
imprisonment for the said debt or debts, and that a copy of this or-
der be published in the National Intelligencer, a newspaper pub-
lished in thire District of Columbia, once a week for the space of
two months successively before the third Monday in March next,
;.r i notice to his creditors to appear before Charles County
1' .r 1 the said third Monday in March next, for the purpose
of recommending a trustee for their benefit, and to show cause,
if any they have, why the said Joseph F. Owen should not have
thire benefit of the acts of Assembly aforesaid.
Given under mtoy hand this 19th day of July, in the year of our
Lord, 1839. RICHARD BARNES.
True copy-Test: JOHN BARNES,
dec 12-w21m Clerk of Charles County Court.
OHEIGN REVIEWS.-Subscribers to the republica-
tion of the London Quarterly, Foreign, Edinburgh, Lond',n
and Westminster Reviews, Blackwood's Magazine, Bentley's
Miscellany, and Metropolitan, are hereby respectfully informed
that their subscription for the year 1839 has expired, and unless
the price ofeach work beo ,.l in .. :..... f:... JI .tire terms,)
no further numbers will .. .. i la 'i,. ir.r: H-,ill.
W. FISCHER,
dec 30 Agent for the Publisher.
EW CHILDREN'S BOOKS.-This day received,
N and for sale by P. TAYLOR--
The Boy's Story Book, one miniature quarto volume, with ten en-
gravings.
Drawings for Young Children, one volume, containing 150
drawings, &c.
Edgeworth's Parents' Assistant, a new edition, complete in one
little quarto volume, embellished with very numerous engravings.
A new and beautiful edition ofSandford and Merton.
Parley's M. .:;.. N .. 28 ; The Fairy Gift; Parlor Magic.
Poems for I.I-,n, M.i.lt.-, and many other newjuvenile books, ju-
venile Souvenirs, &e. &c. too numerous for an advertisement, and
a variety of several hundred of the approved standard juvenile
books, Edgeworth, Barbauld, Parley, and others-all at unusually
low prices. dec 25
State ot North Carolina, Supreme Court, June Termn
1839.--In Equity.
John Salter, plaintiff,
vs.
SThomas H. Blount, administrator of John M. Ovice andothers,de-
fendants.
ILLIAM DAILY, late of Hyde county, in this State, died
in October, 1812, leaving a will, which, at the NOvember
term, in the same year. of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions
of thie same county, was duly admitted to probate, and one Wil-
liam Parmele, the executor, qualified and assumed the execution
thereof; Parmele, before the year 1815, died intestate, and admin-
istration de bonis non, with the will annexed, was committee to one
Maurice Jones, who afterwards resigned his said admitnhistration;
the same was committed to the said John M. Ovice, the intestate
of the defendant Blount. The testator, by his will, after making
a provision for his wife, devised and bequeathed as follows, viz.
I lend to my son Samuel Daily all the residue of my property,
whether real or personal, till the age of twenty-one years ; ifhe
should die before that time, and I have no other children, I then
give half of my personal property to my wife Elizabeth Daily, and
the rest of my property, whether real or personal, to my relations
on the partofmy mother, in England, if any living; their names
were Thompsons, and James was the only living, and he single,
twenty years ago-a daughter was living who married an Andrew.
If they are to be found, if not, I give my property to John Salter,
my wife's brother; but, should my son live to the age of twenty-
one years, then I give him every part of my property, whether
real or personal, to dispose of as he may think proper.' The bill
is filed by the plaintiff as the legatee mentioned in the above-recit-
ed clause of the will, and also as administrator de bonis non,
with the will annexed, of the said William, averring in his bill
that efforts have been made to discover relations of the testator no
the part of his mother without effect, charging that there were on
such relations living at the testator's death, and claiming there-
upon that he is not onlyentitled to receive as administrator, but to
retain for his own use, the estate of the ,estator which may be
decreed to be paid by the defendant on the final hearing. On
consideration of the premises,the Courtdolth order that publication
be made in thire National Intelligencer, a public gazette printed at
Sthe city of Washington, inviting the relations, if any, of the said
i William Daily on the part of his mother, referred to in the above-
recited clause, to come forward and assert their claim on or before
the second Monday of June next.
Witness, John L. Henderson, Clerk of the Supreme Court of
said State, at office in the city of Raleigh, the second Monday of
June, A.D. 1839.
dec21-w6w JOHN L. HENDERSON.
LIENDERICIH'S PORTRAITSof the President, Vice
r President, Messrs. Rives, Forsytb, Benton, Webster, Clay,
Kendall, Tallmadge, Woodbury, Poinsett, Wall, Calhoun, South-
ard, Polk, Grundy, and many others, all of them acknowledged
to be the best portraits ever produced in thl United States, ace
just received and for sale by
jan 1 F. TAYLOR.
MAGINARY CONVERSATIONS OF LITE-
RARY MEN AND STATESMEN, by Walter Say
age Landor, Esq. the second edition, corrected and enlarged, com-
plete in 5 volumes.
For sale at the book and stationery store of W. M. MORRI-
SON, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
dec 16 [ o [Globe
1rOIIE RELIGIOUS OPINIONS AND CHARAC-
STER OF WASHINGTON, by E. C. McGuire. "The
Christian is the highest: style of Man."- I young.
For sale at the Book and Stationery Store of
W. M. MORRISON,
ison 6 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
SPLENID)l) ENGLISH AND AMERICAN
hT SOUVENIRS, Illustrated Works, Faancy Arti-
cles, &c. &c. suitable for Christmas and New Year
Presents.-
1. The Book of the Boudoir, or Court of Victoria; fifteen
l.::l.f,,,i.:l-.d engravings, handsomely bound in Turkey mo-
.'. I ttt Iris of Poetry, Prose, and Art; twelve highly-
finished engravings, handsomely bound in Turkey morocco. 3.
The Amaranth ; thirteen highly-finished engravings, handsomely
bound it figured cloth. 4. 'lhe Belle of a Season, bythe Coun-
tess ofBlesaington, with splendid illustrations by Finden ; superb
silk binding. 5. The Oriental Annual; fifteen highly-finished
plates, Turkey moroccobinding. 6. The Forget Me Not; twelve
fine engravings, bound~in Turkey morocco.
The above Souvenirs, together with all the. American Annuals
yet published ; fine editions of the Episcopal aol Catholic Prayer
Books, Oxford Bibles, a variety of children's books, Gold and
Silver Pencil Cases, Card Cases, Writing and Toilet Cases, Paiut
Boxes, Watch Guards, Porcelain Slates, &c. and a variety of arti-
cles suitable for Chrristmas and New Year presents, have just been
tcceived, and will be sold cheap for cash, or to punctual custom-
ers.


dec 24


GARRET ANDERSON,
Penn Avenuect. llth and 12th sts.


r II S IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber has
.n. obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washiington county,
in the District of Columbia, letters testamentary on the personal
estate of Teresa Fenwick, late of VWashington county aforesaid,
deceased. All persons having claims against the deceased arc
hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof, to
the subscriber, (post paid,) on or before the 6th day of December
next; they may otherwise by law be excluded from all benefit of
the said estate; and all persons indebted to said estate are re-
quested to make immediate payment.
Given.under my hand this 6th day of December, 1839.
EDMUND J. PLOWDEN, Executor.
dec 7-w3w Chaptiro, St. Mary's county, Md.
Orphans' Court, December 6, 1S39.
District of Columbia, Washington county, to wit:
O RDERED, that letters of administration de bonis non on
the estate of Nicholas Barber be granted to Robert Barnard,
unless cause to the contrary be shown on or before the 1st Tues-
day in January next; provided that a copy of this order be publish-
ed in the Globe and Intelligencer newspapers once a week for
three successive weeks previous to said first Tuesday in October
next. N. P. CAUSIN.
True copy-Test: EDW. N. ROACH,
dec 16-w3w Register of Wills.


I llE FRENCH PIILL !-Of all remedies ever yet dis-
Scovered for the cure of Gonorrhoea, Gleets, Female Com-
plaints, &c. &c. these Pills are the most certain.
They possess'great advantages over the balsams and all liquid
medicines, by being entirely free from smell, and consequently do
not affect the breath in thie least, thereby preventing the possibili-
ty ofdiscovery while using them.
Besides this important advantage, they never cause a sickness
of the stomach, and in the early stages of thie disease they usually
effect a cure in a few days with little regard to diet or exposure.
In the most obstinate stages of the disease, they are equally cer-
tain, having cured many after every other medicine had failed.
Price one dollar per box. Forsale by
R. S. PATTERSON,
Bev 1-o01y Stucessor to W. G02tou.


SHERMAN & CHAMBER,
Attorneys at Law,
MOBILE, ALABAMA.
CHARLES E. SHERMAN.
JOHN A. CHAMBERS. mar 26-cply

NILES' NATIONAL REGISTER.
JEREMIAH HUGHES, EDIoTOR AND PROPRIETOR.
Sixteen large octavo pages, published at Baltimore every
Saturday, making 2 volumes, or 832 pages annually.
PRICE, FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM.
THIS Standard National Publication, of which the fifty-sev-
enth volume is now issuing, has acquired a character of the
highest estimate in foreign countries, as well as throughout the
United States, and is recognized not only by official diplomatists,
statesmen, and politicians, as an invaluable. record for reference,
but isadmitted and extensively used in our courts of law and equity
as authority, and in most of the libraries and lyceums of the coun-
try, as furnishing the very best materials for a HISTORY of the
times. Possessing as it does, to most readers, nearly all the advan-
tages of a daily newspaper, divested in a great measure of their
daily errors, and entirely divested of their ponderous advertise-
ments, in which few take an interest, and these fewv only for the
day; published in a form which is convenient for preservation and
reference-the work embodies, in fact, the SPIRIT and ESSENCE
of the PUBLIC PREss, preserving all that is most material from
the evanescent fate which newspapers are consigned to. A pri-
vate library in this country can scarcely be considered complete
without a copy of it: public men will find it exceedingly convern-
ient to be able to resort at pleasure to its pages.
The present proprietor has already introduced several im-
provements in thIe arrangement of the contents of the Register.
Articles are arranged systematically, so as to be convenient for
reference; a more comprehensive index will in future be attach-
ed to each volume, and a brief index of the contents will be insert-
ed in each number.
The general plan of the publication the Public are well ac-
quainted with. It comprises
1. Foreign Articles-Of a general character, as of Europe,
&c.--'..,- i.-um nations, arranged geographically-Great
Britain, France, Germany, &c.
2. National Concerns-Executive appointments; Foreign Re-
lations; Trade and Commercial Statistics; Army; Navy
Indian Affairs, &c.
3. The States of the Union-arranged geographically.
4. Passing incidents-of places, persons, local affairs, miscel-
laneous articles.
5. Laws, Decisions, and Cases in Courts.
6. Political-Party movements and party principles-an im-
partial record of.
7. Inventions, Improvements, &c.
8. Congressional Proceedings and Debates.
9. Public Documents and useful Statistics.
10. A Chronicle, alphabetically arranged, occupies the last page
of each number.
Mr. WILLIAM THOMPSON, General Agent, Washington, is
authorized to receive subscriptions for the above work. His office
is at No. 7 Iouisiana avenue.
Orders addressed to the Editor, at Baltimore, will be promptly
attended to. J. HUGHES.
BALTIMORE, D anCMBER, 1839. [Globe I dec !3-2aw4w
Members of Congress and other gentlemen in this e;it ;. 1.;r,,7
tosee a specimen of thie Register, neatly bound, or 1t,,.:
for the work, may do so by .ll.,,: onW. Thompson, as above, or
addressing him throumglh thie C .* Post Office.
YOUNG LADIES' SEMINARY, Nottingham,
Prince George's County, Maryland.-Mrs and
the Misses MAXWELL respectfully inform their friends and tie
Public, that, on the first Monday in January next, they will open
a Boarding and Day School for Young Ladies, in Nottingham,
Prince George's county, Maryland, where they have taken a
spacious house, well calculated to accommodate boarders. The
village possesses peculiar advantages with regard to health and
accessibility.
The course of study will include allthe usual branches of educa-
tion, with the addition of Natural and Mental Philosophy, Botany,
Geometry, Natural History, Chemistry, and Conchology. Mrs.
M. has had long experience in the instruction and superintendence
of youth, and will watch overall the interests of her pupils with
parental care ; the strictest attention being paid to their health,
morals, manners, and personal neatness.
TEAMS :
Board and tuition in all the Englishi branches, per annum, payable
quarterly in advance, $120
Bed and bedding, if not furnished by the pupil, per
annum, 8
Day pupils in all thIe English branches, - 30
Junior class, spelling, reading, writing, arithmetic, and
history, 20
Music, with use of piano, per quarter, 15
Drawing, Oriental and Poomnah painting, each do 8
Painting on velvet and satin, shell, Mosaic, and wax
work, each per quarter, 8
French, taught by a gentleman who resided many years
in France, 8
Each boarder to furnish her own towels.
No boarder received for less than a session, and no day pupil
less than two sessions. Five months constitute a session.
REFERENCES :
Right Rev. Alex. McCoskry, Bishop of Michigan.
Col. Thomas McKenny, U.S. Army, Philadelphia.
Rev. C. Chambers, Wilhmuington, Del.
Alexius Lancaster, Wri. Penn,Washington F. Lancaster, Esqs.
Mrs. Calista Lancaster, and Rev. Mr. Goodwin, Newport,
Charles county, Maryland.
Hon. John Taliaferro, King George county, Va.
Thos. Hord and Stephen McCormick, Esqs.
Rev. John Ogilvie, Principal of New Baltimore Academy.
Rev. Tihos. B. Balch, Faunquier county, Va.
Mrs. Martha L. French and Robert Weir, Esq. Prince William
county, Va.
James Buchanan, Esq. British Consul, New York.
oct 2-lawtFlI
Orphans' Court, December, 1 39.
District of Columbia, Washington county, to wit:
O RDERED, that letters of administration on the estate of
George B. Cropley be granted to Robert Barnard, unless
cause to the contrary be shown on or before thei first Tuesday in
January next : Provided, A copy of this order be published in
the Globe and Intelligencer newspapers once a week for three
successive weeks previous to the said first Tuesday in January
next. NATH'L P. CAUSIN.
True copy-test: ED. N. ROACH,
S14- w3w Register of Wills.
IN CHANCERY.
Darius Clagett, complainant,
vs.
Benjamin K. Morsell, administrator of Sarah McIDowcll, Virginia,
and George McDowell, infimt children of said Sarah McDowell,
deceased, defendants.
N OTICE.-All persons having claims against Sarah Mc-
D Powcll, deceased, are required to produce them, duly
vouched, to the Clerk of this Court on or before the first Monday
in February next, otherwise they may be excluded from the settle-
ment of said estate. JOSEPH FORREST,
inn 3-lawtlatMonFeb Auditor.
IMPORTANT TO PERSONS AFFLICTED with
S Couglis, Colds, Consumption, Wlootping-couglh,
Bronchitis, and all diseases of the Lungs and Wind-
pipe.
REV. I. COVERT'S BALM OF LIFE.-This medicine is now
offered to the Public as the best remedy now in use for the cure
of the above-namned diseases. It is extensively recommended
by Physicians, Clergymen, and others, to whom the recipe has
Been freely made known.
See circulars containing particulars, and numerous certificates,
which may be had gratis of all the agents. Hoadley, Phelps,
& Co., wholesale druggists, 142 Water street, New York, are
appointed general agents, and are prepared to supply venders on
the proprietors' best terms.
1. COVERT & CO., Proprietors,
Auburn, New York.
For sale by most of the Druggists in the District of Columbia.
See larger advertisement, also circular in the hands of all the
agents. dec 5-C6m
L"AIRY LAND, 1850.-A Gift from Fairy Land; by
one of tlie most popular authors of America; illustrated by
100 original plates, by Chapman, I vol. 12mo. elegantly bound,
is this day received and for sale at tihe Book and Stationery store
of R. FARNHAM,
Between 9th and 10th sts., Penn. avenue.
HRISTMAS AND NEW YEAR'S PRESEN-
TATION BOOKS FOR 1840.-
Tie Poets of America, illustrated by one of her painters
Gift from Fairy Land, by Paulding
Religious Souvenir, by Mrs. Sigourney, with 8 engravings
The Religious Oil'. mr.:-, ,.itI in. embellishments
The Token and .\t.,,tt,.. q,.. ...rlr, with ten embellishments
The Literary Souvenir, with thirteen embellishments
The Gem, with seven emnbelishments
The Pearl or Affection's Gift, with six embellishments
The Violet, by Miss Leslie, with six embellishnments
The Child's Gem, by a Lady, with six embellishments
The Youth's Keepsake for young people, with 6 embellish'ts
The Youth's Annual, with embellishments.
Also, Bibles and Prayer-books, splendidly bound and gilt,
with tre greatest variety of Juvenile Books to be found in the
country. The above books will be sold at reduced prices, and
much lower than they are usually sold at the North, and many of
tbem at a leeprice than they can be bought for at auction.
S ROBERT FARNHAM,
dec 23 Between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
VUMHE LONDON DISSECTOR AND GUIDE TO
-. ANATOMY.-JJust published, revised and corrected by
E. J. Chaisty, of the Medical University of Maryland, 1 small
volume, just received for sale by F. TAYLOR. Also, the Amer-
iean Medical Almanac for 1840, designed fhur the daily use of


practising physicians, surgeons, students, and apothecaries,'one
pocket volume. Also, Marshall Hall's Practice, edited by Doctors
Bigelow & Holmes, 1 vol. Also, the first number of thIe Maryland
Medical and Surgical Journal, the publicationim of which is just com-
menced in Baltimore, to be continued quarterly, for $2 50 per
annum, subscriptions for which will be received by F. TAYLOR,
and the work forwarded to any part of the United States. And an
extensive collection of new and standard Medial Books, for sale
at unusually low prices, jan 8
TIHE WORKS OF TIIOMAS CHALMERS, D.-
S D.atnd IL. D. in 3 vols. containing Natural Theo-
logy, the Miraculous and Internal Evidences of the Christian
Revelation and the Authority of its Records, is for sale at the
Book and Stationeiy Store of W. M. MORRISON,
jan 6 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
ORPHANS' COURT, JANUARY 10, 1840.
District of Columbia, IF'.ot,1;,, t '.s..,,t to wit:
O RI)ERED, on if.i..: ,t...., tin J .ht, McElroy be ap-
pointed administrator, with the will annexed, on the
personal estate of William MeSherry, deceased, unless cause to
the contrary be shown on or before the first Tuesday in Febru-
ary next: Provided, a copy of this order be published in the
Intelligence and Globe newspapers once a week for three suc-
cessive weeks previous to said first Tuesday in February next.
NATH. P. CAUSIN.
True copy.-Test: ED. N. ROACH,
jan 11-w3w [ Globe] Register of Wills.
ENGLAND ANDTHE ENGLISH, by E. L.Bulwer,
author of Pelham, in 2 vols, full bound in cloth, price 75
cents, published at 81 50,
nov 2 F. TAYLOR,


BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY,
JOHN J. DONALDSON, PsRSIDENT,
INSURES LIVES for one er more years, orfor life,

Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
Age. One year. Seven years. Porlife.
25 1.00 1.12 2.04
30 1.31 1.36 2.36
35s 1.36 1.53 2.75
40 1.69 1.83 3.20
45 1.91 1.96 3.73
s0 1.96 2.09 4.60
65 2.32 3.21 5.78
60 4.36 4.91 7.00
GRANTS ANNUITIES.
Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
60 years ofage, 10.55 per cent.
66 do. 12.27 do. per annum.
70 do. 14.19 do. 3
SELLS ENDOWMENTS.
Por One Hundred Dollars deposited at birth of child, the Com-
pany will pay, if he attain 21 years ofage, 8469
At six months, 408
One year, 375
The Company also executes trusts; receives money on deposit,
paying interest semi-annually, or compounding it, and makes
all kinds of contracts in which life or the interest of money is in-
volved. WILLIAM MURDOCK, Secretary.

AGENTS.
James H. Causten, City of Washington.
Dr. B. R. Wellford, Fredericksburg, Virginia.
John 0. Lay, Richmond, Va.
D. Robertson, Norfolk, Vs.
A. S. Tidball, Winchester, Va.
George Richards, Leesburg, Va.
Neilson Foe, Frederick. Md. mar 1-ly
A AGENCY at WASHINGTON.-JAMES H. CAUS-
TEN, (late of Baltimore,) having made this city his perma-
nent residence, will undertake, with his accustomed zeal and dil-
igence, the settlement of claims generally; and more particularly
claims before Congress, against the United States, or the several
Departments thereof, and before any Board of Commissioners that
may be raised for the adjustment of spoliation or other claims.
He has now in charge the entire class arising out of French spo-
liations prior to the year 1800; with reference to which, in addition
to a mass of documents and proofs in his possession, he has ac-
cess ta those in the archivesof the Government.
Claimants and pensioners on the Navy fund, &e. bounty lands,
return duties, &c. &c. and those requiring life insurance, can
have their business promptly attended to by letter, (post paid,)
and thus relieve themselves from an expensive and inconvenient
personal attendance.
Having obtained a commission of Notary Public, he is prepared
to furnish legalized copies of any required public documents or
other papers. He has been so long engaged in the duties of an
agent, that it can only be necessary now to say that economy and
prompt attention shall be extended to all business confided to his
care; and that, to enable him to render his services and facilities
more efficacious, he has become familiar with all thire forms of
office.
Office on F street, near the new Treasury Building.
feb 26-
H AIR AND OTHER BRUSHIES.-The most exten-
sive assortment of the best English and French Brulshes
kept for sale in this city will be found at Stationers' Hall, and at
prices the most reasonable, comprising as follows: Clothes Brushes,
Hair do. Flesh do. Tooth do. Shaving do. Comb do. Nail do. Curl
do. Sable do. Badger and Camel Hair Brushes of every size.
doe 9 cW. FISCHER.
INE FRENCH TOILET SOAP.-The subscriber
has just received with ihis fall supply of goods a variety of
superior French toilet soap, consisting, in part, ofsavon d'aveline,
d'ambrosia, milleflcurs, oriental, rose, &c. all handsomely put up
in boxes ofone cake each, at the old snuff, tobacco, and fancy store,
4 doors east of the city post office. .
nov 22 LEWIS JOHNSON.
LM %NN ( 1-K I4 .--i. t. \uo..r,. .\,in.,:frd
Repository of Useful Kmnowledge for 1810, price $1, together
with a good assortment of small almanacs for 1840, is just received
for sale at GARRET ANDERSON'S,
nov 26-3t Pcnn. Avenue, between 1 Ith and 12th sts.
1AFE KEEPING OF THE PUBLIC MON-
MEYS.-A system of Circulating Mediumn, and of Safe Keep-
ing of the Public Moneys of thire United States, by Geo. Sullivan,
Counsellor at Law, just received, and for sale at
R. FARNHAM'S
Book and Stationery Store, between 9th and 10th
nov 19 streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
CIOMBE'S LECTURES ON PHRENOLOGY.---
S Lectures on Phrenology, by George Combe, Esq. in which
are included the application of the science to education, jurispru-
dence, and the present condition and future prospects of the United
States; with notes, introductory essay, and an historical sketch of
the rise and progress of Phrenology, by Andrew Boardman, Re-
cording Secretary of the New York Phrenological Society; illus-
trated by engravings. This day published and for sale at the
bookstore of R. FARNHAM, between 9th and 10th streets. Penn-
sylvania Avenue. oct 21
ENGLISH AND AMERICAN SOUVENIRS
FOR THE NEXT YEAR.-The Belle of the Sea-
son ; The Forget-Me-Not;* Gems of Beauty; Religious Offering,
and many others, are just opened and for sale at New York and
Philadelphia prices by *
deec 24 P. TAYLOR.
LARK'S CHRISTIAN KEEPSAKE FOR
.1840.-The Christian Keepsake and Missionary Annual
for 1840. List of Embellishments: Right Rev. R. C. Moore, D. D.;
The New Covenant superseding the old; a Lady Reading; The
Burning Prairie; Reading the Scriptures; Tihe Nut; A Scene on
the Ohio; Washington ; Innocence.
This volume has been enlarged and improved, and bound in the
(Turkey) morocco style. The f nc, a .in_ are all from original
palut nu_'t, ,(clinetl expressly fr it,. n%... and will bear a corm-
I -,' m .i... u. I ... English Annuals.
For sale at the bookstore of R. FARNHAM,
oct 21 Between 9th and 10th ste. Penn. avenue.
PILLARD on the DISEASES OF INFANTS.---
Just translated from the French, third edition, in 1 vol., and
this day received for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also, the New York Journal of Medicine and Surgery, No. 2,
for October, 1839. oct 31
LLUSTRATED EDITION OF NIChOLAS
N ickleby, complete in I vol. thiis day received and for sale
by W. M. MORRISON,
Pour doors west of Brown's Ho'el.
LANK BOOKS.- Merchaents, Shopkeepers, and ethers,
who require the use of a Blank Book, will find the most
extensive assortment, of every description, made of time very best
materials, constantlyifor sale at Stationers' Hail.
These Books have been madefrom 6 to 18 months, consequently
are much superior to those that are recently from the Bindery, and
whlih will be sold at a less price.
The assortmenthconsists in part of Ledgers, Journals,Day Books,
Blotters, Bank Books, Bill, Receipt, Record, Memorandum, Scrap,
Pencil, Copy, and Pass Books, faint and red lined, with paper and
leather covers.
dee 18-2aw4w wW. FISCHER.
NICIIOLAS NICKLEBY.-The Life and Adventures
-Vof Nicholas Nickleby, with numerous illustrations. For sale
between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
nov 25 R. FARNHAM.
ROLLO'S EXPERIMENTS, AND RULLO'S
,MUSEUM, by Abbott.
Also, a great variety of new JUVENILE BOOKS.
Just received and for sale at the Book and Stationery store of R.
FARNHAM, between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania ave-
nue. nov 25
JUST RECEIVED, a further supply of cheap edition of
the Waverley Novels--Kcnilworh. This day received and
for sale by W. M. MORRISON,
nov 22 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
8t OUTIIEY'S LIFE OF COOPER, ins 2 vols.--
h Jest published, and for sale by R. FARNHAM, between 9th
and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
Also, the Character of Jefferson, by T. Dwight, Esq.
PUBLIC WORKS OF GREAT BRITAIN, consist-
ing of railways, railchairs, blocks, cutting, embankment, tun-
nels, oblique arches, viaducts, bridges, stations, locomotive engines,
&c. cast-iron bridges, iron and gas works, &o. &c. is for sale cheap
by WM. M. MORR1SON, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
dec 23
r| 1 a Book of Thoughts and Arguments, originaPy treated, by
Matin Farquhar Tupper, Esq. M. A.
A few copies for sale by WM. M. MORRISON,
nov 2S [Globe] 4 doors west of Browu's Ilotel.
rI-lHE GOVERNESS, a new novel by the Countcss of
M. Blessington
Tales by Edgar A. Pae, 2 volumes.
The second part of Memoirs of Charles Mathewe, the comedian,
including his accountof his residence in the United States, 2 vol-
umes.
And James's new novel, Ilenry of Guise, arc this day received
and for sale by F. TAYLOR, or for circulation among the subscri-
bers to the Waverley Circulating Library.
NNUAS, OR PRESENTATION BOOKS
FOB 1S10.-THE GIFT, a Christmas and New Year's
present for 1840, edited by Miss Leslie, with nine elegant engra-
vings.
THE RELIGIOUS OFFERING, edited by Miss Catherine H.
Waterman, with ten embellishments.


THE TOKEN AND ATLANTIC SOUVENIR, a Christmas
and New Year's present, edited by S. G. Goodrich, with ten ele-
gant embellishments.
THE LITERARY SOUVENIR, edited by Win. E. Burton,
Esq. with thirteen embellishments.
THE GEM, aChristmas and New Year's present, with seven
embellishments.
THE PEARL, oB AFFECTION'S GIFT, with six embel-
lishments.
THE VIOLET, a Christmas and New Year's gift, edited by
Miss Leslie, with six embellishments.
THE CHILD'S GEM, edited by a Lady, with six embellish-
ments.
The above arc just received, and for sale by
R. FARNHAM,
Between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
POLITICS OF THE UNITED .STATES, be-
ing a Series of Letters on North America, by Michael
Chevalier: translated from thIe Ithird Paris edition.
A further supply just received, and for sale at the Stationery
store of R. FARNHAM,
dec 2 Between 9th and 10th sts. Penn. avenue.
Book and Stationery Store, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
]FROM THE NEW YORK AMERICAN: "Time
New World for this week, we see, contains, entire, Bul-
wer's new play, 'The Sea Captain. r,r the BirliltrlL,' besides a
great portion of Thomas Moore's Al..iphron.' Tiheo works, in
England, cost a couple of guineas, send her e irt,,y are sold for
sixpence."
F. TAYLOR, Bookseller, immediately east of Gadsby'sHotel,
receives subscriptions for the "New World," a literary newspa-
per, which is published weekly in New York for $3 per annum,
being the largest newspaper in the United States,


American Life Tnstranee and Trust Company.
Oricxse-No. 136 Baltimore!street, Baltimore; aud Wall-
styeet, New York.
AoNcvY-Pennsylvania Avenue, between Fuller's Hotel and
the Treasury Department, Washington city.
CAPITAL PAID IN $2,000,000.
PATRICK MACAULAY, President, Baltimore.
JOHN DUER, Vice President, New York.
t ONEY received daily on deposit, on which interest will be
L allowed, payable semi-annually. The Company also in-
sures lives, grants annuities, sells endowments, and executes
trusts.
Of the rates ofinsurance of$100 on a single litf
ANNUAL PREMIUM.
Age. I year. years. For life. Age. 1 year. 7 years. For life,
14 72 86 1 53 38 1 48 1 70 3 05
15.- 77 88 1 56 39 1 67 1 76 3 11
16 84 90 1 62 40 1 69 1 83 3 20
17 86 91 1 66 41 1 78 1 88 3 31
18 89 92 1 69 42 1 85 1 89 3 40
19 90 94 1 73 43 1 89 1 92 3 51
20 91 95 1 77 44 1"90 1 94 3 63
21 92 97 1 82 45 1 91 1 .96 3 73
22 94 99 1 88 46 1 92 1 98 3 87
23 97 1 03 1 93 47 1 93 1 99 4 01
24 99 1 07 1 98 48 1 94 2 02 4 17
25 1 00 1 12 2 04 49 1 95 2 04 4 49
26 1 07 1 17 2 11 50 1 96 2 09 4 60
27 1 12 1 23 2 17 51 1 97 2 20 4 75
28 1 20 1 28 2 24 52 2 02 2 37 4 90
29 1 28 1 35 2 31 53 2 10 2 59 6 24
30 1 31 1 36 2 36 54 2 18 2 89 5 49
31 1 32 1 42 2 43 56 2 32 3 21 5 78
32 1 33 1 46 2 50 56 2 47 3 56 6 05
33 1 34 1 48 2 57 67 2 70 4 20 6 27
34 1 35 1 50 2 64 68 3 14 4 31 6 60
35 1 36 1 53 2 76 69 3 67 4 63 6 76
36 1 39 1 57 2 81 60 4 35 4 91 7 00
37 1 43 1 63 2 90
Applications, post paid, may be addressed to PATRICK
MACAULAY, Esq., President, Baltimore; or MORRIS ROB-
INSON, Esq., Vice President, New York; to which immediate
attention will be paid.
Applications may also be made personally, or by letter, post
paid, to FRANCIS A. DICKINS, Esq. Agent for the Company in
the City of WASHINGTON. His office is on Pennsylvania Ave
iue,between Fuller's Hotel and 15th street, ap 23-dly
T O CLAIMANTS.-FRANCIS A. tIClNSi,,..i -,/
ofWashington, having , t.,-.. tl,' u ti.t tli.u.,
him for several years in the T .r, a-. I \m i Departments, has
undertaken the agency of claims before Congress, and other
branches of the Government, including commissioners under
treaties, and the various public offices; also, the procuring of
patents for public lands, prosecuting claims for services in thi
Revolution,' and for Navy pensions, and generally such other
business as may require the aid of an agent at Washington* lie
will likewise attend to the prosecution of bounty land claims
upon the State of Virginia, and the recovery of lands in Ohio
which have been sold for taxes.
Persons having, or supposing themselves to have claims, en
transmitting a statement of tihe facts,will be advised of the proper
course of proceeding. His charge will be moderate, depending
upon the amount of the claim and the extent of the service.
He is also agent for the American Life Insurance and Trust
Company, which has a capital of two millions of dollars paid in,
and for the Baltimore Fire Insarance Company.
Mr. F. A. D)ICKINS is known to most of those who have been
in Congress within the last few years, or who have occupied any
public situation at Washington.
His office is on Pennsylvania avenue, between Fuller's Hotel
and Fifteenth street.
3Jr All letters must be post paid. sept 12-lyd
BURKE'S WORKS.-Just published the complete works
of Edmund Burke, a new and beautiful edition, in nine
volumes, octavo.
The present edition of Burke's Works is more complete than any
one which has hitherto appeared, either in England or America.
It comprises the entire contents ofthe English edition of Iis womks,
in sixteen volumes, octavo, including two volumes of speeches on
the trial of Hastings, published in 1827, and which hiasnever
before been republished in this country. It also contains a re-
print of the work entitled an Account o the Earopean Settle-
ments in America, first published in 1761, which, though pub-
lished anonymously, is well known to have been written by
Burke. This is not contained in the English edition of his
collected works. Although the present edition contains a volume
more than the latest and best English one, it is offered at less
than one-half the price. It has been the aim of tihe publishers
to present the work in a form and style worthy its contents, and
it is confidently offered to the favorable regard of the Public
from its completeness, its moderate price, and its typographical
excellence. For sale by
oct 22 F. TAYLOR.
KNOWLES'S NEW DRAMA OF "LOVE" is
contained in less than one of the last New World," ihus
giving (to subscribers) for about two cents a Drama which sells in
the usual pamphlet form for 50 cents.
F. TAYLOR, Bookseller, will receive subscriptions for the
iNew World," published weekly in New York for $3 per annum,
and is the largest and one of the beet printed papers in the United
States. The previousnummbercontainei, along with muclih other mat-
ter, the whole of Moore's new poem of Alciphron, which also
sells singly for 50 cents. sdec 27
I AMILY CARRIAGE.-For sale, a first-rate faro-.
E coach, built by John Clarke & Son, Newark, New Jqrsey.
It bas been used only a few weeks, and is in perfect order. Ap-
ply to Thomas Young, coaohmaker, south side of Pennsylvania
avenue, near 3d street. dec 21-3ftaw3w
UTIIERLAND'S CONGRESSIONAL MANUi-
S AL.-Outline of the Order of Business in tho H~,u. of
Representatives of the United States. One pocket vol.-,,i, .,th
copious indexes. By Joel B. Sutherland. Price $1 25. It, .1.,
received for sale by
dee 27 F. TAYLOR.
FOREIGN k'ERFUMERY.-W. FISCHER has just
U opened a very extensive assortment of choice English and
French Perfumery, consisting, in part, of genuine Farina Cologne,
Lubin's double Ambre, Eau de Toilette, Guerlain's Ambrosial
Shaving Cream, Naples and every other highly pFetfumed soap for
shaving and for the toilet; Ox Marrow, Cowslip, Cedrate,
Orange, Rose, and other odoriferous Pomatum; French extracts
for the Handkerchief, upwards of thirty various kinds, of exquis-
iteflavor; Grandjean's Superior Composition for thIe Hairn; Macas-
sar, Ward's, Kennedy's, and other oils for the same ; Cold Cream,
Bears' Grease, Cream of Almonds, Rowland's Kalydor, Gowland's
Lotion, Lip Salve, Rouge, Pearl, Sweet Bags, Hair, and Teeth
Powder, and every other requisite article for Ladies and Gen-
tlemen's toilets-constantly kept for sale at reasonable and uni-
form prices at the old established store, Stationers' Hall, twodoors
east of the City Post Office. ___nov 28
C OTTON TWINE.-Merchants and storekeepem is wiho re-
.quire wrapping thread will find the best article aL Stationers'
Hall, price ten and twelve cents a ball.
-ARDS I CARDS I-The subscriber has in store a largo
stock of Crehore & Bartlett's best Eagle Cards, which toie
will sell by the gross or dozen at factory prices, at the old Snuff,
Tobacco, and Fancy Store, 4 doors east of the City Post Office.
dec 21 L. JOHNSON.
OOKS FOR CIIHRISTMAS.-Elegantly bound and il-
lustrated editions of popular and standard authors, both poe-
try and prose.
Books of Engravings, Illustrated Books of Travels, of Scenery,
of Costumes, &c. &c. Albums, Dramatic Books, and Souvenirs,
in great variety.
English and American Bibles, of all sizes, richly bound.
Elegantly bound Prayer Books, and fine editions of every class
of books in literature, both English and American editions, for sale
at New York and Philadelphia prices.
dec 21F. TAYLOR.
BEAUTIFUL NOTEAND LETTER PAPER.--
W. FISCHER, Importer and Dealer in Fancy Stationery,
has just opened some beautiful Lace and Illustrated Note asd Let-
ter Paper. Also, Perforated Bristol Board, for fancy, worsted, or
needle work.
dec 11W W. FISCHER.
SUPERIOR DOUBLE GUNS IN CASES.-The
subscriber has just received a small invoice of very superior
London made double percussion Guns in cases, furnished with
every necessary implement complete, made and imported to or-
der, and warranted in all respects, ranging in price from h5 to
$150.
Gentlemen wanting a very fine article are requested to call at
the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store, four doors east of the
City Post Office.
nov 22 LEWIS JOHNSON.
A ROCIET ALMANAC.-J.-A i..,. ,:J .. ,-, .., |n
the American Pocket Ahmanae for 1840, containing a list of
the officers of the United States Government, Army and Navy
i0t, Members of Congress, Governors of the several States and
Territories, Population of the United States, and other useful in-
formation. Price only 25 cents.
dec 27 W. FISCHER.
R HEUMATISMo--Perscns subject to this painful disease
may assuredly expect its recurrence about these days of
changeable weather and temperature. Its attacks can always It
prevented by the timely use of I)r. Phelps's Compound Tomato
Pils. Price 371 cents. For agencies see advertisement.
dee 5-6m
TpHE WORKS OP1 THE Rev. JOHN iOWE,
JL M. A. with M. ,m..' .- of his Life, by Edmond Calamny, D. D.
complete in 1 vol. with a portrait of the author, from an original
picture engraved by W.C. Edwards, London edition, is for sale at
the Boos and Stationery store of W. M. MOR RISON,
jan 8 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.


TURKISH SMOKING TOBACCO.-The sutsecri-
ber has just received a case of fresh Turkish smoking to-
bacco. Also, superior James river leaf chewing tobacco, at the
old snuff, tobacco, and fancy, store, 4 doors east of the City Post
Office. LEWIS JOHNSON.
Tj HIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber ihas
obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington county,
in the District of Columbia, lettersof administration on the per-
sonal estate of George Cross, late of Washington county,deceased.
All persons having claims against the deceased are hereby warned
to exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof, to the subscriber,
on or before the 10th day of December next; they may otherwise
by law be excluded from all benefit of said estate.
Given under my hand this day of December, 1839.
JOSEPII CROSS,
dee 16-w3w Administrator.
A UCTION NOTICE.-The subscriber begs leave res-
1 peetfuilly to inform the Public that in future he will have both
day and nism t sales three times a week, viz. Tuesday, Thurs-
days, and Saturdays. Persons having goods to sell would do well
to give him a call, as the situation of his store offers superior facili-
ties for the sale of both furniture and other property. He pledges
himself that nothing shall be wanting that promptness and untiring
exertion can effect.
JOHN A. BLAKE,
Auctioneer and Commission Merchant, opposite
dec 23-d2Aw Centre Market.
NITIAL AND OTHER FANCY WAFERS.-Just
received at Stationers' Hall a few dozen packages of Initial
Wafeis, an entirely new article. Also, Cameo, Arabesque,
Transparent, eand Pea Wafers, of every color.
del1 W, FISCHER.


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