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Daily national intelligencer
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073214/00024
 Material Information
Title: Daily national intelligencer
Alternate title: National intelligencer
Sunday national intelligencer
Physical Description: v. : ; 50-60 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Gales & Seaton
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C.
Creation Date: September 14, 1839
Publication Date: 1813-
Frequency: daily (except sunday)[feb. 6, 1865-]
daily[ former 1813-feb. 5, 1865]
daily
normalized irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microform from Readex Microprint Corp., and on microfilm from the Library of Congress.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1, 1813)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1869.
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended Aug. 24-30, 1814.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02260099
lccn - sn 83026172
System ID: UF00073214:00024
 Related Items
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. : 1810)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Succeeded by: Washington express
Succeeded by: Daily national intelligencer and Washington express

Full Text










,.*ftonaI


VOL. XXVII.


WASHINGTON: SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1839.


No. '8294


Ilrr rr r-..,I,


PUBLISHED BY,
GALES & SEATON.
PRICE,
Fwr 4 year, ten dollars--for six months, six dollars,
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
Those subscribing for a year, who do not, either at the time of
Osplg the paper, or subsequently, give notice of their wish
6a-yethe paper discontinued at the expiration of their year,
wi1 li presumed as desiring its continuance until counter-
rmuntdte and it will be continued accordingly, at the option of


VALUABLE LAND IN'ILLINOIS AT PUB-
LIIC AUCTION.-By virtue of a deed of trust execut-
ed by the late Edward W. Duvall, on the 7th day of May,
1825, the subscriber, for the benefit of all concerned, will sell
at public auction, at the auction rooms of Edward Dyer, in this
eity, o6a "gnday, the 30th September next,at half after o'clock'
P. M. the following parts of sections in Illinois, said to be very
valuable, vi. s i
The southwest quarter of section 24 township 5 north, range
6 west
The northwest quarter of sectio 22, township 2 north, range
2 west.
The northeast quarter of section 7, township 0 north, range
2 east.
The southeast quarter of section 28, township 10 north, range
4 west.
The southwest quarter of section 29, township 11 south, range
2 east.
The north half of section 23, township 7 north, range 3 east.
On the above parts of sections, it is said the taxes have not
been regularly paid, and the lands may have been sold, but can
possibly be recovered.
ALSO,
The undivided moiety of 115 quarter-sections of land in Illi-
nois, bought by said E. W. Duvall, and by Mr. J. Karrick, of
Baltimore, in partnership, on the following of which the taxes
have been duly paid, viz.
SE 13 6 S 3 W NW25 7N 1 E
SE A24 2S 7 W SE 4 9 N 7 E
SW 24 2S 7W SW26 11N 7E
NW 32 2S 6 W SE 2 9 N 3 E
SE 22 2 N 5 W NW 19 9 N 4 E
SW 14 1 N 2 W SE 32 9 N 2 E
SE 27 2 N 2 W NE 19 9 N 4E
SW 27 2 N 2 W SE 34 9 N 4 E
SW 22 2 N 2 W SE 20 10 N 4 E
SE 1 3N 7W NW 29 IIN 2E
NW28 6N 2W NW 13 8 N 5 W
NE28 6N 2W NJ28 2N 5W
SE 2. 3N 2 E SE 2 10 N 4 W
NW32 5 N 3 E NW 8 13 N 4W
SE 24 6 N 4 E N N 12 13 N 4 W
SW 24 6 N 4 E SW 20 14 N 4 W
NW14 6N 4E NE 36 12 N 7 qE
SE 24 7 N 4 E NW 36 12 N 7 E
The terms of sale will be made known at the time and place
of sale, and on compliance therewith the subscriber will convey
to the purchasers all'the right and title of Mr. Duvall as given
in the aforesaid deed of trust.
RICHARD SMITH, Trustee.
EDWARD DYER,
aug 29-eotS23&dts Auctioneer.
VALUABLE IMPROVED AND UNIMPROV-
ED PROPERTY AT PUBLIC AUCTION.-
The following valuable improvedand unimproved property, ly-
ing in the city of Washington, will be offered for sale at public
auction on Wednesday, the 18th day of September instant, at
half past 4 o'clock P. M., at the auction store of Ed. Dyer, viz.
Lot No. 7, in square No. 87, unimproved.
1, 88, % do
6, and part of 7, in square No. 224, with three three-
story brick dwellings thereon, at the corner of 15th and P streets
west, opposite the Treasury Department and adjoining the Bank
of the Metropolis.
Lots No. 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 11, in square No. 230, unimproved,
and lying contiguous to the canal, bet-ween 14th and 15th streets
west.
The lots in square No. 254, with two three-story brick dwell-
ings, north of and immediately adjoining Mrs. Newman's
dwelling.
Lots No. 7, 11, and 12, in square No. 258, unimproved.
Lot No. 2, in square No. 289, unimproved.
The life estate of Mr. Samuel Holtzman, in and to parc of lot
No. 13, in square No. 290, with a fine three-story brick build-
ing thereon.
Lot No. 11, in square No. 321, unimproved.
1, 606, do
13, 708, do
2, east of square 708, do
2, in square No. 762, do
The terms of sale are, one-fourth of the purchase money to
be paid in hand, and the residue in 1, 2, and 3 years, in equal
instalments-the purchasers to give note satisfactorily en-
dorsed, bearing interest from the (lay of sale; and on full pay-
menrit of the purchase money, with all interest and costs, a deed
in fee simple will be given to the purchaser. If the terms be
not complied with within five days, the right is reserved of sell-
ing again at the risk and expense of the delinquent purchasers.
RICHARD SMITH, Cashier.
sept 9-dts EDWARD DYER, Auctioneer.
rB TRUSTEE'S SALE OF A VALUABLE
A. PRINTING OF-ICE.-By virtue of a deed of
trust, dated the 1st of February, 1838, unless previously dis-
posed of at private sale, I shall, on Wednesday, the 21st day
of August next, sell, without reserve, to the highest bidder or
bidders, at public auction, all the presses, types, office furniture,
and materials belonging to the office, and used in the publication
of the newspaper called "The Washington Chronicle."
Amongst the materials are a very superior Napier press and
large founts of type, of various sizes, nearly new, and suitable
for the use of a respectable newspaper or book and job printing
office.
The sale will take place at the printing office, at the corner
of Pennsylvania avenue and 2d street west, opposite the Rail-
road Depot, at 10 o'clock A. M.
The terms will bmynade satisfactory to the purchasers; and
those who desire to b d may examine the articles at any time
prior to the sale upon application to Messrs. Hamilton & Den-
ham, at the Office. GEO. SWEENY, Trustee.
july 15-eotd EDW. DYER, Auctioneer.
SThe Chronicle Office has been removed to the office late-
ly occupied by H. M. Morfit, Esq. where the above sale will
take place. Messrs. Hamilton & Denham will give all neces-
sary information to those who desire to purchase, aug 14
j= The above sale is postponed to Wednesday, the
4th day of September, same hour and place.
GEO. SWEENY, Trustee.


aug 21 EDW. DYER, Auctioneer.
n The above sale is further postponed, in con-
sequence of the unfavorable state of the weather, to this day
fortnight; (the 18th instant,) same hour and place.
GEO. SWEENY, Trustee.
sept 5-eotd EDW. DYER, Auctioneer.
MRS. PORTER'S SEMINARY FOR YOUNG
tLADIES is removed to the Session Room of the Pres-
byterian Church in 4j street. The fifth term of this institution
-will commence on Monday, the 2d of September.
aug 12-2aw3w
USIC.-Just received the following pieces of Music at
. the old established store, two doors east of the City Post
Office. W. FISCHER.
SONGS.
Hang up his Harp ; I do not love thee
My mother dear; Fanny Grey
She wore a wreath of roses; Banks of the blue Moselle
Some love to roam; Poland is not yet lost
Phantom ship; Gome o'er the moonlit sea
Still so gently; Old kirk-yard
Under the tree; Oh, give me but my Arab steed
Messenger bird; The Ingleside
A wet sheet and a flowing sea
Let me rest in the land of my birth
Oh caria memorial; Oh saw ye the lass
Mermaid's cave; I remember
Nice young man; Old iosin the bow.
WALTZES.
Louisville; The Wiesbader; Mozart's favorite
Sontag's; Bristol; Barcarole; Geranium
Cinderella; Infernal; Duke of Reichstadt's
Bohemian; River; Parting.
MARCHES, &C.
Fairmount; Quick-step; The Cossacks
TTw -- 1 0_ n. a ,.-.d q .t.'.


MUSIC FOR THE PIANO FORTE.-Just re-' NATIONAL JOCKEY CLUB FALL RACES.
ceived the following pieces of music at the old estab- N- The Fall Meeting over the Washington Course will
lished store, second door east of the Post Office, where persons commence on,Tuesday, Ist day of October, and continue four
requiring any particular piece of music not on hand may obtain days.
it in a few days by leaving their name. First day.-A sweepstakes for 3 year olds, two mile heats,
W. FISCHER. sub. $300 each, $100 ft.; to name and close 1st Sept.; three or
Songs.-The Ingleside; Away we bound o'er the deep more to make a race.
I dream of all things; Light of other days Same day.-Purse $200, two mile heats, free for all ages,
Our way across the sea; Oh soon return Secondday.-A produce sweepstakes for 3 year olds, two
Robin adair; Oft in the still night mile beats, sub. $100 each, hall; ft. Closed with the following
The soldier's tear 1 Hail Columbia SUBSCRIBERS :
Why don't the men propose ; Isabel 1. Geo. W. Duvall names produce of Thistle and Monsieur
Home, sweet home.; Come listen to me Tonson.
Thou canst not forget; Beautiful Rhine 2. Wm. D. Bowie names produce of Blue Bell and Imp. Ap-
S Away to the mountain brow; Come o'er the moonlit parition.
sea. 3. C. S. W. Dorsey names produce of a Young Oscar mare
Marches.-President's ; Fort Severn quickstep and Critic.
The band; Wood up do 4. Thos. F. Bowie names produce of Abby Rattler and Imp,
Kinloch of Kinloch, with variations Autocrat.
Musette de Nina do 5. Geo.S.Sprigg names produce of Nancy Norwood and Im4.
The storm rondo; Lexington waltz Autocrat.
Overture der Freyschutz 6. D. Crawford names produce of a Zinganee mare and Ma5
Do la Gazza Ladra. aug 19 rylander.
1INGIlAMS AT 12 1-2 CENTS.-1,000 yards 7. Y. N. Oliver names produce of a Marc Antony mare and
W Ginghams will be sold at thfreduced price of 121 cents Duke of Orleans.
per yard, if early applicatioribe made to p 8. W.W. W. Bowie names produce of Lady Amelia and Imp.
aug 16 J. B. WINGERD & CO. Autocrat.*
9. Win. N. Dorsett names produce of Fanny Wright and Imp,
SUPERIOR ENGLISH DRAWING PAPER.-- Autocrat.
c W. FISCHER, importer and dealer in superior Stationery, 10. John H. S. Sothoron names produce of Maid of Patuxent
Parchment, Rodgers' fine Cutlery, and fancy articles, has re- and Imp. Autocrat.
cently received direct from the manufacturer, a large supply of 11. T. R. S. Boyce names produce of Apricot and Imp. Ap-
Whatman s superior Drawing Paper, made expressly to order, parition.
ofhe following sizes, all of which is constantly kept for whole- 12. Roderick McGregor names produce of Ellen and Imp.
sale or retail at Stationers' Hall: Autocrat.
Cap size, 13 by 16 inches. 13. Col. Daniel Jenifer names Scylla, produce of Minerva
I)emy do 15 by 20 do Chance, by Muttum in Parvo, and Autocrat.
Medium do 17 by 22 do Same day-Proprietor's purse $400, three mile heats, free
Royal do 19 by 24 do for all ages.
Super-royal do 19 by 27 do Third day-A sweepstakes for 3 year olds, two mile heats;
Imperial do 22 by 30 do sub. $200 each, h. ft.; three or more to make a race ; to name
Columbier do 23 by 35 do arld close as above.
Double Elephant do 27 by 40 do Same day- Jockey Club Purse 8800, four mile heats, free
Antiquarian do- 31 by 52 do aug 15-eo2w for alleges.
RAVITIES AND GAIETIES.-By Samuel F. Fourth day -A sweepstakes for 3 year olds, two mile heats;
Glenn.-Lately published by R. FARNHAM, Wash- sub. $100 each, h. ft.; three or more to make a race; to name
'ington, in a 12mo. volume handsomely bound in figured muslin, and close as above.
and will be sold to country booksellers and others on very Same day-Purse $100, mile heats, free for all ages, ent.
reasonable terms. $25, to be added to the Purse.
From the National Magazine and Republican Review. Entrance 5 per cent. All the above purses will be paid
This is a volume of Miscellany from the pen of a young wri- without discount. EDW. J. WILSON, Proprietor.
ter, already prominent before the Public. It embraces Tales N. B. Persons wishing to make entries to the above sweep-
and Essays, (original and translated from the French,) Poetry, stakes will please address the Proprietor, at Portsmouth, Va.
&c. Many of the articles have been published in the Magazines or Wm. Holmeid, at the Course.
throughout the country, and have gained the author applause aug 7-lawtSepl5&dtOctl
commensurate withthat giventohim forhisindependentEssay- ,I, LOODED STOCK FOR SALE.-By order of
Criticism: Its Use and Abuse.' UI the Orphans' Court, I am authorized to offer at private
From the Alexandria (D. C.) Gazette. or public sale the following Mare and Fillies, belonging to the
Many of the pieces have an excellent moral aim." estate of Jacob Dixon, deceased :
From the Edenton (N. C.) Sentinel. Jemima Wilkinson, foaled 1828. For pedigree, see Turf
"There is one peculiar trait in most of Mr, Glenn's writings Register,, Vol. 6, No. 12, page 628. Now stinted to Emanci-
which must at once strike every reader : whether in prose or patron.
poetry, a moral feeling pervades every line from his pen. Of 1 sorrel Filly, 3 years old last spring. By Monsieur Ton.
!this we have conclusive evidence in Gravities and Gaieties.' son out of Jemima Wilkinson.
His Debauche (included therein) should be read by all who 1 bay Filly, 2 years old last spring. By Trmsby, out of Je-
wish to see the drunkard's fate depicted in the liveliest and mima.
most graphic colors." aug 21 1 bay Filly, 1 year old last spring. By Mazeppa, out of
Jemima. One half of this filly only belongs to the estate,
SUPERIOR PIANO FORTE.-Received this day which is to be kept free of expense till 3 years old.
S by the brig Wankinco from Boston, one of Chickering's 1 sorrel Filly, by Priam, out of Jemima, foaled last spring.
best Rosewood Piano Fortes, which may be had at Stationers' .1 bay Filly, 2 years old last spring. By Industry, dam by
Hall at the manufacturer's price. Monsieur Tonson. Pedigree good.
june 25 [Adv] W. PISCHER. If the above stock is not disposed of before Friday, the 4th
A THENIA OF DAMASCUS, a Tragedy, by Rufus day of October, immediately after the race on the National
Dawes. course, at Washington, I will then offer them at public sale, to
BIANCA VISCONTI, or the Heart Overtasked, by N. P. the highest bidder.
Willis. Terms : Six and twelve months' credit, with approved en-
Just published, and for sale between 9th and 10th streets, dorsers, with interest from the day of sale.
-Pennsylvania avenue. R. FARNHAM. Persons wishing to purchase will address the administrator,
free of postage. LEONARD HARBAUGH,
ttHE CHRISTIAN LIBRARY, two of the largest Administrator.
i sized octavo volumes, bound, containing- sept 6-dtd EDWARD DYER, Auctioneer.
Gregory's Memoirs of Robert Hall, Taylor's Life of Cowper, ORS .-Theunrsign tud of thorough bred
Smedley's History of the Reformed Religion in France, F OR sALE.-The undersigned's stud of thorough bred
Fergus on Nature and Revelation, Villiers on the Reformation, L horses, being fourteen in number, viz. i.
Holmes' History ofMissions, Seile's ChristianRemembrancer Lady Archiana, by Old Archy, and her two fillies.
History of the Civilization and Christianization of S. Africa,' Lubly Rosa, by Old Archy, and her two fillies, by Tranby.
Tyng's Parochial Lectures, Fairholm's Geology of Scripture, E. Shore by imported Luxborough.
Thompson on the Psalms, Morison's Modern Skepticism, Three two year old colts and fillies, by Tranby.
Bishop Heber's tC urse of Sermons at Oxford, Flying Childers, Maryland Eclipse, &c. &c., will be offered
McCrices' History of the Progress and Suppression of the at public sale in Chester Town, Kent county, Eastern Shore of
Reformation in Spain, Maryland, on the 17th of September. The sale may be ex-
Fanaticism, by the author of Natural History of Enthusiasm, pected to be positive; as the undersigned has retired from the
Sismondi's History of the Crsades, Sermons of Bishop Butler, Turf he has no use for "bits of blood." The terms will be
And as many more (not mentioned in this advertisement) as cash or a credit to suit purchasers.
would cost separately $15 to $20 ; rice for the whole $3 75. Those wishing to attend the sale can leave Baltimore in the
wul 22 F TAYhe wh OR. steamboat at 9 o'clock A. M. on the day of sale, and arrive in
july 22 F. TAYLOR. Chester Town in time and return tie next day.
COLOGNE, FLORIDA, AN)D LAVENDER PHILIP WALLIS,
C V WATERS.-The subscriber has on hand genuine Fa- sept 9-eots Baltimore.


rina cologne, )y the box or bottle.
Also, Laroque's Florida Water, and superior French Laven-.
der Water, with a variety of other articles for the toilet, suitable
for the season.
At the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store, 4 doors east of the
new City Post Office, Pennsylvania Avenue.
july 19 LEWIS JOHNSON.
J EANS AND ENDS, or Self-Training, by Miss
Sedgewick, author of Redwood, Hope Leslie, Home, Poor
Rich Man, &c. &c. As ye sow, so shall ye reap." Second
edition, for sale by R. FARNHAM,
july 29 Between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. Av.
E ENGLISH WHITE TWINE.-Just received at
Stationers' Hall a large quantity of fine English White
Twine, in balls of a quarter of a pound each.


N EGROE5 WANTED.-Cash and the highest mar-
ket prices will be paid for any number of likely young
negroes of both sexes, (families and mechanics included.) All
communications addressed to me at the old establishment of
Armfield, Franklin & Co., west end of Duke street, Alexan-
dria, D. C., will meet with prompt attention.
july 26-2awcp&lawdptf GEORGE KEPHART.
T HE LIFE OF JOHN JAY, with Selections from
his Correspondence and Miscellaneous Papers, by his son
Win. Jay, in 2 vols.
The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL. D. including a Journal of
a Tour to the Hebrides, by James Boswell, Esq. with numerous
additions and notes, by J. W. Croker, LL. D., F. R. in 2
vols.
For sale at W. M. MORRISON'S book and stationery store,
4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
OLLYER'S LECTURES ON SCRIPTURE
FACTS AND PROPHECY, one octavo volume of
60 pages, full bound, price $1 25. F. TAYLOR.
K500J REAMS LETTER, CAP, FOLIO Post,
500 and other writing papers, just received at R. FARN-
HAM'S-Stationery Store, and will be sold at very low prices.
'EW BOOK. -Observations on the Writings of Thomas
N Jefferson, with particular reference to the attack they con-
tain on the memory of the late Gen. Henry Lee, in a series of
letters, by H. Lee, second edition, with an introduction and
notes by Charles Carter Lee, is this day received an I for sale
by W. M. MORRISON, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
aug 13 (Globe)
EW WORKS.-Second series of Lord Brougham's
Statesmen of the Times of George III.
Jack Sheppaje, No. 4.
Roget's Outlines of Physiology and Phrenology, I vol. oct.
Are just received by F. TAYLOR,
aug 13 Immediately east of Gadsby's.
RACES AND INDIA-RUBBER GUARDS.
. The subscriber has just received a fresh supply, recently
imported, of Graces for exercise, and the very fashionable In-
dia-rubber Guards, both first quality, for sale at the old Snuff,
Tobacco, and Fancy Store, between llth and 12th streets, Penn)
avenue.
june 17 LEWIS JOHNSON.
'j WORTESA, or, The Usurer Match'd; by N. P.
E Willis : Bianca Visconti, or, The Heart Overtasked ; by
N. P. Willis: and Athenia of Damascus, by Rufus Dawes.
The three first numbers of Colman's Dramatic Library.
Just received, and for sale at the bookstore of
R. FARNHAM,
june 13 Between 9th and 10th sts. Penn. avenue.
"-ENNIS'S SILK MANUAL. ,ontainine e omnleto


LOTTERIES FOR SEPTEMBER.

Capital, $30,000.
30 prizes of 1,500 dollars.
13 Drawn Numbers.
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the Benefit of the Town of Wellsburg.
Class No. 5, for 1839.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, Sept. 14, 1839.
GRAND SCHEME.
1 prize of $30,000 1 prize of $10,000
1 do 8,000 1 do 5,000)
1 do 4,000 1 do 3,120
30 prizes of 1,500 50 prizes of 500
50 do 400 &c. &c.
Tickets only $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 26 whole tickets, $130
Do do 26 half do 65
Do do 26 quarter do 32 50

$30,000-$10,000.
14 Drawn Numbers.
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of the Monongalia Academy.
Class No. 5, for 1839.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va.on Saturday, Sept. 21, 1839.


1
1
1
1
30


BRILLIANT SCHEME.
prize of $30,000 1 prize of $10,0
do 5 000 1 do 3,5(
do 3,000 1 do 2,5(
do 1,995 2 prizes of 1,51
prizes of 1,000 50 prizes of- 25
&c. &c.
Tickets only $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 26 whole tickets, $130
Do do 26 half do 65
Do do 26 quarter do 32 50


10
00
00
00
50


Fourteen drawn numbers in each package of 25 tickets.
GRAND CONSOLIDATED LOTTERY,


Class A, for 1839.
To be drawn at Wilmington, Del. on Thursday,
GRAND CAPITALS.
1 prize of $25,000 1 prize of -
1 do 6,000 1 do -
1 do 3,500 1 do -
1 do 2,500 1 do -
1 do 1,488 10 prizes of
15 prizes of 600 20 do -


Sept. 26, 1839.
- $7,000
- 5,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
500


&c. &c.
Whole tickets only $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets, $120
Do do 25 half do 60
Do do 25 quarter do 30

VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of the Mechanical Benevolent Society of
Norfolk.
Class No. 5, for 1839-
To b-e drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, Sept. 28, 1839.


1 prize of -
1 do
I do
1 do
50 prizes of


BRILLIANT SCHEME.
- $40,000 1 prize of -
6,000 1 do
3,000 1 do -
1,940 50 prizes of
- 250 50 do -


- $10,000
- 5,000
2,500
1,000
200


JROPOSALS will be received, until the 20th instant,
AL for making a culvert'f stone, not less than six superficial
feet in the clear, from the south side of north G street, at its
junction with the west side of 12th street, running eastwardly,
and uniting with the great sewer which crosses 12th street di-
agonally-the bottom to be paved, and the top covered with
large flag stone ; the defect in the large arch to be repaired at
the same time ; the stone of the old culvert to be worked in.
Also, for repairing the stone wall at the present termination
of 131 street west; for filling up behind said wall; and for
repairing the paved gutter on the east side of said street near
its southern termination. The proposal will state the amount
which it will be done for.


sept 10-td


JOHN SESSFORD,
Commissioner of 2d Ward.


NEW WORK, by Professor Longfellow, of Cambridge.
Hyperion, a romance, in 2 vols. is just received by F.
TAYLOR, immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel.
sept 10
MICHAEL McDERM'OTT wishes to
inform his customers and the Public in gen-
eral that he still continues to carry on the
COACH-MAKING BUSINESS, in all its
branches, on Missouri avenue, between Four-and-a-half and
Sixth streets, where he keeps constantly on hand for sale Fam-
ily Carriages, Barouches, Vehicles, Buggies, Sulkies, Gigs,
Carryalls, &c., made of the best materials and by selected
workmen. He hopes, by a strict attention to business, to re-
ceive a share of public patronage.
Repairing done as usual. june 13 -eo3m
C OAL, COAL, WOOD, WOOD.-Now landing a
the wharf, near 14th street bridge, (Tiber,) a cargo of
coal, which will be delivered at the vessel for $8 per oun.
Also, a quantity of first-rate oak, hickory, and pine wood.
The subscriber intends keeping a supply of the above arti-
cles of the best quality, which he will dispose of at the most
reasonable rates. He will purchase, at a small commission,
any quantity of wood for persons preferring that method of lay-
ing in their winter supply. GEORGE Mc LL
GEORGE McDU ELL,
july 29-3tawtf 10th, between D and E streets.
FOR RENT, that large and commodious house known a.
Elliot's buildings. It has been put in, complete repair.
The store will be rented separately from the dwelling. The
back building is now undergoing repairs and alterations, which
will make itwhen finished, one of the most pleasant and ex-
tensive houses in the city for a boarding-house. For terms ap-
ply to WM McL. CHIPPS,
aug 9-eotf Or LEWIS JOHNSON.
N EW MUSIC.--Just received the following music at the
old established store, second door east of the City Post
Office, where persons requiring any particular piece of music
may obtain it in a few days by leaving the name.
WM. FISCHER.
SoNGs.-The dreams of the past fade before me
The lonely harp
A wealthy old man a wooing did go
Sweet Jesse was young and simple
A modest blooming flower
The lover's home
The maid of Glencollen
There is a time, a happy time
There came from soft Italy's glowing shore
By the flowing Guadalquiver
,I've wandered with thee
The starry banner
Believe not I could wrong thee
Westchester march and trio
Three waltzes: My home, The Hebe, and The Lily
sept 2
Charles County Court, August Term, 183 9.
RDERED by the Court, that the creditors of Alexander
Cox, a petitioner for the benefit of the insolvent laws of
Maryland, be and appear before the Judges of Charles County
Court on the third Monday of March next, and s'iow cause, if
any they have, why the said Alexander Cox shall not have the
benefit of the laws aforesaid: Provided, a copy of this order be
inserted in some newspaper published in the District of Colum-
bia once a week for two months before the said third Monday
in March next. EDMUND KEY.
True copy-test: JOHN BARNES,
sept 4-law2in Clerk Ch:irles County Court.
V"ILUABLE PROPERTY FOR SALEI IN
ARKANSAS.--3,000 acres of Cotton Land, and 100
NEGROES.
This estate lies in Phillips county, in the State of Arkansas,
and is situated in Walnut bend, on the Mississippi river, twen
ty-five miles above the town of Helena-said to be the highest
river land in that region of country. It was upon this land that
the neighbors around drove their cattle to get food, and to save
them from the high waters of the year 1828. There are six
hundred acres cleared, and a portion of it has been cultivated
in corn two years, which has put it in excellent condition for
cotton the present year; for the growth of which the soil is
peculiarly well adapted. The improvements are, an Overseer's I
house, a first-rate Horse Mill, and fifteen good quarters for ser-
vants. The clearing on the rest of the land is far easier, (the
worst having been gone through,) being less timbered, and most
of that Ash, which is rendered very valuable for its ready sale
at a well-located wood-yard, where several thousand cords may
be sold during the year. The Negroes were settled on the land
in the autumn of 1836, and are now considered acclimated.
Out of the hundred, there are seventy-six working hands,
young, strong, and healthy, nearly equally divided as re-
gards sexes. Among them are carpenters, shoemakers, and
several good house servants. They are said, by judges, to com-
pare with any lot of Negroes that have ever been sent to the
Southern country. They have one great advantage over most
Negroes, a desideratum seldom to be met with 1a so large a
number, viz. that they have not been collected from various
places, but are in families, and have been raised together.
For terms apply to JAMES KENT, near Pig Point, Anne
Arundel county, Maryland, or to JOSEPH KENT, who re-
sides on the premises. Letters for Joseph Kent should be di-
rected to Helena. feb 28-3t&wcptf
jjULtTICAULIS.-Persons wishing to purchase the
Morus Multicaulis will meet with prompt attention by
addressing letters, post paid, to J. M. P. C., Washington city.
The trees are warranted to be of the best kind, and may be had
for $2 per hundred buds, or 12 cents per foot, in lots to suit
purchasers. sept 5-law6w
j The Editors of the Baltimore Chronicle, Richmond Com-
piler, Journal of Commer'e, and the National Gazette, are re-
quested to insert weekly for six weeks, and forward accounts to
this office.
RADFORD'S COMPREHENSIVE ATLAS,
Geographical, Historical, and Commercial, pub-
lished at $10. For sale at W. M. MORRISON'S. Price $5 50.
sept 5
A CADEMICAL INSTITUTE.-The fall term of
this school for young gentlemen, located at the Friends'
Church, First Ward, will commence the Is*. Monday in Sep.
tember, 1839. J. C. GATES,
aug 26-2w Principal.
M IDWAY ACADEMY, at Charlottesville, Va.
The next session of our school will commence on the first
Monday in September, and terminate the last Friday in June
following. A thorough and accurate course of instruction, ac-
cording to the most approved systems, is given in all the sub-
jects usually included in a Collegiate education, and unremit-
ted attention is paid to the moral culture of the pupils. Having
determined to reduce our number considerably, we hope to be
enabled to reach a still higherdegree of success in the improve-


ment of our pupils than we have yet attained. Monthly reports
are forwarded to the patrons of the school, and, if they should
not be regularly received, we wish to be apprized of it.

One of us will reside in the boarding-house; the other will
take a few boarders into his own family, and both will exercise
a constant supervision over the whole.
TERMS PER SESSION OF TEN MONTHS.
Tuition in all the branches except French $60
French 20
Board, including every thing 140
Fuel, &c. in school rooms 1
All payable half-yearly in advance.
ALEX. DUKE,
PIKE POWERS.
The subscriber, having procured an appropriate house be-
tween Charlottesville and the University, will be prepared to
accommodate a few boarders.
sept 4-w4w PIKE POWERS.
NTEW STEEL PENS.-W. FISCHER hat just re-
I p ,ivme d -Q1 rlindsbor nof n cnas l nnsc antoe n the Sham-


ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE, ANNAPOLIS, AUGUST 22, 1839. UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA, ftI
N OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the Visiters U cal Iepartment.-The caurep of Lectures will corn-
_ and Governors of this Institution are desirous of engaging mence on Monday, the 4th day of November, and be continued
a suitable person for the Professorship of Grammar-salary under the following ariangenrent: .'
$500 per annum ; and also for the occupancy of the new Col Practice and Theory of Medicine, NATH'L CHAPMAN, MD.
lege building as a boarding-house for the students. Chemistry, ROBERT H A M. D. '
Applications (accompanied by testimonialsofcharacter,which Surgery, -. WILLIAM GiBeo, M.J.
must be unexceptionable) will be received from the same per- Anatomy, WM. E. RORNEB. M. D.
son for both situations, or for either separately, until the first Institutes of Medicine, SAMUEL JAckSON, M .IX
Monday of October next, when a selection will be made. Materia Medics and Pharmacy, GEORQB B. W'ODM.),
Address WELLSV. Obhstel ice and the Diaseas nf Wn-


Secretary of St. John's College, Annapolis, Md.


aug26-d3w
OR SALE.-Valuable lands in the counties of Prince
Willi.m and Fairfax, in Virginia.
In Prince William County.-One tract of-land on Little
Bull Run, containing about six hundred acres, now occupied by
Cyrus C. Marsteller.
One other tract of land in the neighborhood of Bethlehem
meeting-house, containing about one hundred and twenty-seven
acres, now occupied by John Godfrey.
One other tract of land in thlie same neighborhood, containing
about two hundred and forty acres, now occupied by Walter
Woodyard.
One other tract of land called and known by the name of
Bradley, containing about thirteen hundred and seventy six
acres, now occupied by Alexander Howi-on.
One other tract of land containing ten acres, adjoining the tract
called Bradley.
One other tract of land containing about eighty acres, adjoining
the farm on which Bernard Hooe, senior, deceased, formerly
resided, called Hazle Plain, now occupied by Mrs. Shackleford.
In Fairfax County.-One iract of land on Cub Run, con-
taining about six hundred and fifty acres, now occupied by John
Lynn.
One other tract of land called Wood Lawn, near Centreville,
containing !,bout three hundred and fifty-eight acres, now oc-
cupied by John Chappell.
One other tract of land near Centreville, containing about four
hundred and twenty-seven acres, now occupied by Alexander S.
Grigsby.
And one other trart of land near Centreville, containing about
fifty-three acres, now also occupied by the said Alexander S.
Grigsby.
The sale of the above described lands will be made by the
subscribers under the authority ofa decree of ihe Circuit Su-
perior Cou.t of Law and Chancery for the county of Fairfax,
in the suit of John H. Bernard, executor of Elizabeth Hipkins,
deceased, and others, against the administrators and heirs of
Janmes H. Hooc and Elizabeth T. Hooe, deceased, and will corn-
mence at Fairfax Court house, on Friday, the 25th day of
October ne.t, and, if necessary, be continued on the following
day.
Terms of sale : One-tenth part of the purchase money to be
paid in hand, as a deposit, to be forfeited if the purchasers
shall fail to comply with Mhe terms of sale, if the same be ap-
proved by the Court, and the remainder in two equal instalments
of one and two years, to bear interest from the day of sale, to be
secured by the bonds of the purchasers, with sureties to be ap-
proved of by the Court; the title of the lands to be retained un-
til the deferred instalments shall be paid, and the lands to be lia-
ble to be re-sold by the order of the Court on default in pay-
ment of any of the deferred instalments.
ROBERT I. TAYLOR,
BERNARD HOOE,
aug 24-3tawts Commissioners.
T HE BRIDE OF FORT EDWARD.-Founded
on an incident of the Revolution. Just published and for
sale at R. FA-RNHAM'S bookstore, between 9th and 10th
streets, Penn. Av. july 29
Fj HIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that, the subscriber
A. has obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington
county, in the District of Columbia, letters testamentary on
the personal estate of William Hewitt, late of Washington coun-
ty,deceased. All persons having claims against the deceased are
hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof,
to the subscriber, on or before the 20th day of August, 1840;
they may otherwise by law be excluded from all benefit of said
estate.
Given under my hand this 17th day of August, 1839.
WILLIAM PROUT,
auir 19-d6t&c6t Executor.
T HIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that thesubscri-
ber has obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington
County, in the District of Columbia, letters of administration
on the personal estate of John Peerce, late of Washington.Coun-
ty, deceased. All persons having claims against the said de-
ceased are hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouch-
ers thereof, to the subscriber, on or before the20th day of
August next; they may otherwise by law be excluded from all
benefit of said estate.
Given undermy hand this 20th day of August, 1839.
JOHN D. CLARK,
aug 22-w3t Administrator.
E HIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
Nhas obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington
County, in the District of Columbia, letters testamentary
on the personal estate of William Cox, late of Washington
county, deceased. All persons having claims against the de-
' ceased i're hereby warned to exhibit thd same, with the
vouchers thereof, to the subscriber, on or before the 20th
day of August next; they may otherwise by law be excluded
from all benefit of the said estate.
Given under my hand this 20th day of August, 1839.
MARY ANN COX,
aug 21-w3t Executrix.
M. M. MORRISON has on hand a large collection
of School Books, which he will sell as low as they can
be bought in the Northern cities. june 24
fjTEW MUSIC.-With this commences our first publi-
iN cation of New Music, which has just been received at
the old established Music Store, second door east of the Post
Office. The list will be continued. W. FISCHER.
Hope is still an Evergreen (a Song)
When the dew is on the Grass, do.
To the Woods away, do.
We can love no more, do.
O come to the West, do.
Merrily o'er the Waves I go, do.
Love, honor, and obey, do.
Faithful Ellen, do.
Grace Darling, do.
National Melodies, 6, do.
What can it mean? do.
Spread thy light Wings, do.
This Earth is a Planet, for you, love, and me, do.
Jesse McFarland, do.
Patrick Casey, (Comic,) do.
Four Grand Waltzes, from Amilie.
Two Mountaineers' Waltzes.
Hungarian Waltz, with Variations.
Philadelphia Quadrilles.
The Huguenots, (two Rondos.)
Cherus of Maidens, do.
Col. Twiggs's Grand March. aug 8
C HURCH MUSIC.-W. FISCHER has just received
frorr. Boston, by the brig Wankinco, the following popu-
lar Church Music arranged by the most eminent professors viz.
The Boston Academy's Collection, last edition
do Glee Book
Social Choir
Odeon


Music of Nature
Lives of Haydn and Mozart
Anthem Book
Social Sacred Melodist, consisting of songs, duets,
anthems, &c., with an accompaniment for Piano Forte or Organ,
by Oliver Shaw.
A selection of Charts and Doxologies, for the use of the Pro-
testant Episcopal Church, set in four vocal parts, with an accom-
paniment for the Organ. june 25
r4lIE WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS, or Life
at the Springs of Western Virginia, by Mark
Pencil, Esq. just published and for sale at the bookstore of
R. FARNHAM,
june 24 Between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. Av.
JUST RECEIVED.-A fresh supply of the cheap edi-
tion of Waverley Novels (Ivanhoe) is this day received,
and for sale by W. M. MORRISON, four doors west of Brown's
Hotel. [Globe] aug 1
M RS. JAMIESON'S Beauties of the Court of
Charles the Second, a series of Memoirs, biographi-
cal and critical, illustrating the Diaries of Pepys, Evelyn, Cla-
rendon, and other contemporary writers.
A few connie for sale at W. M. MORRISON'S


i AM authorized to sell on accommodating terms, or ex-
change for Corporation or Bank Stock, several desirable
tenements for private residences, and several unimproved lots
well located. WM. CAMMACK,
General Agent and Collector, residence on G street north,
between 13th and 14th streets west. aug 7-eolm
ADIES' SHOES.-Just received from Philadelphia,
and for sale at Ladies' shoe store"-
200 pairs McMullen's best kid and Morocco walking slippers
100 do Harrison Ties, an admirable style of dress slippers
The subscriber would take the present occasion to announce
that he will keep constantly on hand a general assortment of
the most approved styles of ladies' shoes, which he will sell
at the lowest market price. JAMES B. CLARKE,
Opposite Centre Mar et, and No. 2 from 8th street.
sept 4-eo3t [Globe]
STEPHENS'S BLUE FLUID.-A large assortment
of the above article, genuine, in various size bottles, to be
had at the lowest prices, between 9th and-10th streets, Penn-
sylvania avenue.
june 27 R. FARNHAM.
EW BOOKS.-Discourses on some of the Doctrinal
LN Articles of the Church of England.


Kj. .


4b- -- -- a~a -I--~~I, L- --~-


*-


men and Children, HuoH L. HonoG, M. D.'
Clinical Lectures on Medicine and Surgery are delivered re-
gularly at the Philadelphia Hospital, (Blockley,) and at the
Pennsylvania Hospital, from the beginning to the end o.-thl
session. W. E. HORNER,
Dean of the Medical Faculty,
aug 30-2awl0w Philadelphia.
SALE OF. VERY VALUABLE REAL AB-
TATE.-By virtue of a decree of the Circuit Superior
Court of Law and Chancery of Stafford county, Virginia, at
June term, 1839, in the cases of Bronaugh vs. .Brqnaugh pn4
others, the undersigned, Commissioners, will offer for -sale, at
public auction, to the highest bidder, on the 10th'day of Octo-
ber, 1639, before the front door of the Farmers' Hlotel, i the
town of Predericksburg, Virginia, the herelnafter de'rgibid
very valuable and inviting Real Estate-viz. .
A moiety of the tract of la*d called Martborough, w h .bor-
merly belonged to John W. Bronaugh, deceased. This moiety
contains about 769 acres, and lies upon Potomac river and Aquia
creek,in the county of Stafford, Virginia, bout miles, by
water, below the city of Washington, in the District.of Colum-
bia, and about 141 miles by land from the town of Fredericks-
burg, in the State of Virginia. The quality of the soil is.ex-
ceedingly fertile, admirably adapted to the production of Indian
corn and other grain, and, in short, of all the staples ofthe
country. In addition to this, there is upon the estate an inex-
haustible bank of the richest marl, situated most conveniently
for use upon the farm, as well as for exportation. There are
besides two valuable fisheries ; one, the Tump, lately rent-
ing for $800, and the other, the Island, for -300 per season ;
and boil, likely to rent, under -present prospects, much
higher. The well-known landing-place, called Thorny Point,
is also upon the laud, and recently rented for $400 per annum
as a landing for steamboats. Here, it is expected, will be tht
point of termination of the Richmond, Fredeviqksburg, and Po-
tomac Railroad. The land for that purpose'htR already been
condemned, and the assessment made under the railroad law
confirmed. Indeed, contracts upon part of the route between
Fredericksburg and Thorny Point have already been made, and
measures for the speedy completion of the road are understood^to
be in a course of active progress. Further, it is anticipated that,
communicating with this, a lateral railroad, from Warrentbn,
in Pauquier county, or its vicinity, will also be constructed.
And it seems not unlikely, from the many advantages of the
situation, that at Thorny Point, on the land in question, a place
of extensive business, perhaps a city, will shortly spring up.
So favorable an opportunity for speculation is seldom offered,
and the attention of capitalists and others is eatnesely invited to
the property, in the hope that before the sale day they will
make every examination and inquiry, and make themselves
acquainted with its numerous recommendations.
The terms of sale will be, ready money for so much of the
price as will satisfy costs, charges, and expenses of sale, as well
as the costs of the two suits above-mentioned. For the residue
of the purchase money a credit of 6 and 12 months from the sale
day, and bearing interest from the sale day, will he allowed.
Bond and security to be given for the deferred payments, and
the purchaser or purchasers to be entitled to possession on the
1st day of January, 1840. The Commissioners, however, re"
serve -the right to sell the tract in one or more lots or parcels, as
may be deemed most expedient on the day o( sale. They be-
hlieve the title to be unquestionable, but, selling as Commission-
ers of the Court, they will convey with special warranty only.
THOMAS B. BARTON,
THOMAS H. BOTTS,
RICHARD MONCURE,
JOHN W. BRONAUGH,
ART'HUR A. MORSON,
aug 24-ts Commissiloners.
F .URTHER SALE.-On the same d ajfdatb the ame
place mentioned in the foregoing advertisement, the un-
dersigned will offer for sale the other moiety of the said Marl-
borough tract, belonging to her, and containing about 769 acres.
This will be done, because it is believed that both moieties will
sell better by being offered at or about the same time. They
form together one of the finest estates in Virginia ; the quality
of the soil of the moiety now alluded to is fully equal to that of
the other. It has upon it a commodious dwelling-house, an ex-
cellent barn, and other appropriate out-houses, besides a large
body of most valuable timber. But a further description is
deemed unnecessary, as purchasers will no d o r.t fully inform
themselves before the sale of the real value 'W great advan-
tages of the property.
The terms of sale will be one-fourth cash, one-fourth in 6 months,
one-fourth in 12 months, and one-fourth in 18 months from the
sale day; the deferred payments to carry interest from the day
of sale, and to be secured by bond and good security, with a lien
upon the land. This moiety will also he offered in one tract, or
in several lots or parcels, accordingly as may be considered best
and most acceptable to purchasers on the day of sale.
-aug 24-ts ANN E. BRONAUGH.
j"-ALL HILL.]-'lhis desirable property, late the resi-
dence of Francis Thornton, Esq., deceased, will be of-
feied for sale, at public auction, on the 11th day of October
next, at the front door of the Farmers' Hotel, in the town of
Fiedericksburg, upon the following terms: Cash for the ex-
penses of sale, and six and twelve months for the residue of the
putchase-money, upon the usual terms. This estate contains
from 160 to 180 acres of land, of which a survey will be made
before the day of sale, and is situated within one and a half
mile from Fredericksburg, and about one mile from Falmouth.
The Mansion-house is of brick, and contains seven rooms, be-
sides those in the basement-story, and is located upon an emi-
nence overlooking both of the above towns, and commands a view
of the beautiful valley on each side of the Rappahannock for
many miles; the prospect, in fact, combines, in an eminentde-
gree, the picturesque and beautiful. The location is as healthy
as the mountain region of our country, and has an abundant
supply of excellent water from various springs; and is, in all
respects, one of the most beautiful and desirable locations in
the State, being so situated that the proprietor, at his option,
may command the most agreeable society. As a farm, the
high lands are susceptibleof improvement; the Rappahannock
Canal passes through the low lands, which are very fertile ;
and, from the location, it is believed there are attached to the
farm various water-rights, as the land is bounded on one side
by the Rappahannock river, above the Lower Falls. There is
also a fine Granite quarry, containing stone sufficient to enclose
thIe whole farm, and furnish a large supply for market, and is
located upon the river and canal; and the vicinity to the above
towns would render the property desirable as a dairy farm, and
for raising fruits, vegetables, and other things for market. This
property is susceptible of division, and there is a large two-story
brick tenement which would not require a large sum torender
it a very desirable residence, and which, though the view of the
Rappahannock valley is more circumscribed than in the loca-
tion first described, presents, as an equivalent to it, a beautiful
view of the Blue-Ridge mountains. This last house is sepa-
rated fiom the first by a valley. All persons disposed to pur-
chase are requested to examine the property before the day of
sale, and judge for themselves, and are requested to apply to
the undersigned, who is authorized to sell it.
aui 24-t5thOct T. B. BARTON.


ell












NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE.

ON PRISON DISCIPLINE.

In -the last number Qf the North American
Review we find an article on the subject ofPri-
son Discipline, which is worthy of the consider--
ation not only of all readers who either have
any direct agency in the legislation of our coun-
try, but of all those whose humanity interests
them in the condition of the unfortunate of their
owvnrace. The article naturally divides itself
into three parts,: the first chiefly historical, des-
cribing the conditions of Prisons in Europe
and in the United States previous to the improve-
ments introduced through the individual and as-
sociated exertions of active philanthropists ; the
second, descriptive of those efforts and their re-
sults and prospects; the third, comparative as
between the- Philadelphia, Auburn, and Boston
systems of Prison Discipline.
Tihe first of these parts is spread over this and
the following columns. The second, we shall
find room for on Wednesday next.. The third
part consists principally of details quite inter-
esting to those who superintend prison arrange-
merits, but not likely to be so to the generality
of our readers, and we therefore shall not trans-
fer it-to our columns.

NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW.-NO. CIV.
The attention which, within, the last fifty years, has
been given to the subject of prison discipline, affords cheer-
ing evidence of the progress of the human race in civiliza-
tion. Ever since the investigations of Howard, the con-
diiipn of prisoners has been kept in view by theestatesmen
and philanthropists of Great Britain. It has, on various
occasions, been made the subject of Parliamentary inquiry;
and thus the public mind has been prepared for the neces-
sary changes. The same spirit has, to a very laudable de-
gree, diffused itself over some of her most important colo-
nies. Within a few days, we have received from Calcutta
the Report of the Committee of Prison Discipline to the
Governor-General of Indfa in Council, dated January 8,
1838; a volume of one hundred and thirty-eight quarto
pages, together with an Appendix of valuable statistical
and illustratip~apers. France is also engaged in the
same good work. In the speech from the throne, of
the last year, we find the following, cheering announce-
rdent: "O.ur Penitentiary system has long called for all
the attention of my Government, and you will have to ex-
amine a bill for its improvement." The same-subject has
also attracted the attention of the Government of Prussia;
but to what extent its labors have been carried we have
not at present the means of ascertaining,
It is gratifying to be enabled to add, that, at the present
time, our own doontry seems'to -be taking the lead in this
department of social benevolence. The prisons in the
larger number of our States have, within a few years,
been greatly improved; in some"other States, they are
at present undergoing improvement; and even the most-
backward are inquiring for the best manner in which ac-
knowledged evils n;ay be remedied. Legislators are dis-
posed to give to the subject a serious consideration. The
people are willing, to tax themselves, to any amount that
may be necessary, to render prisons in reality: schools of
reformation, instead of being, what they formerly were, the
abodes of horrible sin, and filthy, squalid, unalleviated
misery. The State of Pennsylvania has appropriated to
the building of one prison, the Eastern Penitentiary, the
_princely sum of $772,600. That we are not, to say the
leait, behind the most civilized n itions of Europe in the
success of our efforts on this subject, is proved by the fact,
that already several commissioners have visited us, for the
express purpose of examining and reporting upon the con-
ditior of our penitentiaries; and that, in every instance,
they have recommended that our system, somewhat modi-
fied, should beddopted by their respective countries. Of
these it will besmflicient to mention Mr Crawford, Com-
missioner from the Parliament of Great Britain, Messrs.
Beaumont and fle Tocqueville, from the French Govern-
ment, Dr. Julius, from the Government of Prussia, and a
commission from each of the Provinces of Upper and Low-
er Canada. It is delightful to be able in this manner to
return a grateful acknowledgment for the obligations
which have been conferred upon us by the benevolence and
civilization of our mother country.
The interest which is taken in this subject, both at home
and abroad ;4 manifest connexion with all efforts which
may be made Tor the moral improvement'of a people; nay,
the number of persons who must be affected for good or for
ill, by the prison discipline of a civilized country,* present
sufficient reasons why we should devote a larger portion of
our pages than usual to a review of the origin, progress,
and present condition of the penitentiary system of the
United States.
As evil in practice is, generally, the result of error in
theory, we are co-nmonly obliged to xplode the one, be-
fore we are able to eradicate the ofier. It is, therefore,
Important to remark, that the notions which, for ages be-
fore the time of Howard, almost universally prevailed with
Respect to prison discipline, and which, to too great a de-
gree, prevail at this day, present a striking illustration of
the inconsistency of public sentiment on all moral subjects.
Any one, who will take the trouble to observe, will imme-
diately perceive that here exists, in the standard by which
Public opinion measures human guiltiness, a zero point,
and a range of transgression both above and below it. This


point is fixed, in the main, by legislative enactment. Let
a man be ever so corrupt, let him be faithless, impure, dis-
honest, only let him keep beyond the reach of the law, and
he will, toi frequently, in the ordinary, intercourse of so-
ciety, share in every mark of conventional respect. He is
a member, in good standing, of the body politic.
S" Well dressed, well bred,
Well equipaged, is ticket good enough
,TO pass us readily through every door."
We.feel b6undl to sympathize in tle sorrows of such an one,
to rejoice in his successes, and, in the things in which he is
faulty, to libor for his reformation.
But let a man be convicted of a transgression which
brings him within th&e reach of the law; let a civil process
be issued against him; let an officer take him into custody
and walk with him through the crowd of his silent, aston-
ished, and unrecognising friends; let him but cross the
4|reshold of jail, and hear the harsh bolts of a dungeor
ate upon his ear; let him be convicted by a jury, and sen
tenced by a judge, and abide for a longer or shorter period
Sa term of confinement; and, moreover, let his manner be
ill-bred, his appearance hirsute, his garments tattered, with
not a lingering trace of the gentleman about him, and al
his relations to society are instantly changed. It matter
not how-many might be the circumstances extenuating hi
fault, whether the offence were the first or the fiftieth, nay
whether the culprit was young or old,ignorant or well-in
formed; until very lately, his treatment was, in all cases
precisely the same. It seemed as if society could look le
niently upon every thing else but the infraction of her owi
liws; or rather, as if we held, with the ancient Spartans
that crime did not consist in the act, but in its being de
tected. It had come to be believed that, as soon as mai
became a convict, his very nature was changed, and al
the relations of his fellow-men to him were changed also
Henceforth appeal to his reason or to his conscience wa
useless, and, like a brute, he could be influenced only b:
fear. Nay, it was worse than this. We address the hope
of brute d as well as their fears; but no one ever addressed
the hopes of the wretch on whom the hand of punitive jus
tice hQ3 fallen. He had lost caste. No one cared wha
became of him. It mattered not how much he might b
abused, what insolence of office he might suffer, or hop
deeply the iron in the dungeon might enter into his soul
If herepented, and was in heart a reformed man, no on
would'believe ,him"; no one would employ him; and he wa
obliged to give proof of his moral improvement by suffering
starvation unto death. Howbenevolentand how thought
S A ,. i* L __


murderers, persons detained for trial or as-witnesses, luna-
tics, idiots, young and old, and frequently men and women,
without classification and without constraint. If any soli-
tary cells were to be found within these gloomy walls,
they were generally under ground, dark, damp, chilly, and
too filthy to be described; and in these the more furious
maniacs were incarcerated for life. The facts might have
been easily ascertained by any one who chose to inquire
into them. They must, we presume, have been known,
they certainly ought to have been known, to judges, to
grand jurors, to sheriffs, and frequently to lawyers. Yet,
before Howard, no one had ever thought of directing the
public attention to this shocking inhumanity. It is humi-
liating to reflect how easily we become accustomed to the
most enormous cruelty, and by how slight a circumstance
a human being may be shut out from all our kindly sym-
pathies,
There is no flesh in nman's obdurate heart;
It/does not feel for man. The natural bond
Of brotherhood is severed, as the flax
That falls asunder at the touch of fire."
It is the peculiar merit of Howard, that he unfjlded to
the civilized world the mysteries of the prison-house. It
was his great object to lift the curtain, and reveal to man-
kind the atrocities which were perpetrated in the very bo-
som of society. His journals contain a full, an accurate,
and an impartial disclosure of the condition of jails, pri-
sons, penitentiaries, and hospitals throughout Great Britain
and the greater part of the continent. His labor was that
of exploration. In this he was so completely successful,
that it was impossible afterwards for the subject to be
wholly forgotten. His labors must always be the ground-
work of all that shall ever be done for the improvement of
prison discipline; and no one can henceforth treat upon
the subject, without introducing his discourse with a eulo-
gy upon the character and labors of John Howard, the
Philanthropist. -
But Howard confined himself, almost exclusively, to an
exhibition of the evils which at that time existed ; and to
the repeated inculcation and illustration of the fundamen-
tal principle,, on which all improvements in prison disci-
pline are founded, namely, There is nothing gained by the
imprisonment ofcriminals, unless that imprisonment tend
to reformation. He declares that all his experience might
be summed up in this one maxim. It is found in all his
reports; it speaks out in all his correspondence. To di-
rect the minds of men to its importance, was a labor of
which the value can scarcely be exaggerated. But, un-
fortunately, Howard did not live to see his principles car-
ried into practice under his own direction. He never em-
bodied his ideas in the form of a prison, which should be-
come the model for general imitation. He was in a com-
mission for erecting a penitentiary in the vicinity of Lon-
don, but, from disagreement withlhis fellow-laborers as to
its local situation, he abandoned the undertaking. While
he therefore demonstrated the fundamental principle, he
left the manner of its practical application to be invented
by others.
The result was, as might have been expected; Howard
was canonized, and worthily, but the prisoners were neg-
lected, and were in danger of being forgotten ; so much
easier is it to eulogize philanthropy than to be indeed phi.
lanthropists. Notwithstanding Parliamentary inquiry,
prisoners in Great Britain remained for a long time very
much as they had been. We presume that Mrs. Fry found
about as much misery and vice in Newgate as Mr. How-
ard had found there fifty years before. If the writings of
Mr. Dickens are pictures fron life,, we fear that things there
are but little better now. With the exception of the pri-
son at Gloucester, and perhaps a few others, we doubt whe-
ther, notwithstanding all the disclosures of Howard, any
material improvement had taken place within the first
thirty years after his death. Some efforts had been made
to classify prisoners, and the treadmill (a punishment of
doubtful utility)iad been introduced into very common
use; but, beyond this, we believe that very little had been
effected. Within the last twenty years, however, a bright-
er era has dawned upon the prisons of Great Britain. The
labors of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Dis-
cipline, and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders,"
have been attended with cheering success; and there is
now reason to hope that every British prison will be here-
after constructed with the design of promoting the moral
reformation"of the criminal.
It is pot remarkable that this country should, for a long
time, have followed the example of Great Britain in her
system of prison discipline. It was natural that our fathers
should entertain the sentiments in which they had been
educated ; and that they should erect, in this country, such
prisons as they had been accustomed to see at home. Such
was the fact. Our penitentiary system inherited all the
vices of the land of our origin. The following description
of the Walnut street prison, in Philadelphia, in the yea
1783, is a picture, by no means exaggerated, of very ma
ny of the prisons, both in this country and in Europe a
that period. Such have many of them continued unti
within a very recent (late. We extract it from the pamphle
of Mr. G. W. Smith:
On the 20th of Novimber, 1783, the Supreme Execu
tive CounArl of this State appointed a committee of their
'body to confer with a deputation of the Society, respect
ing the abuses in prison discipline. We would willingly
draw a veil over the horrid transactions which the Soci
'ety were the instruments of Providence in discovering
exposing, and, finally, in a great measure, preventing
'The prison was a perfect pandemonium, rendered only
the more conspicuous and revolting, from the contras
with the institutions of wisdom and benevolence whicl
every where surrounded it. It had degenerated from th
imperfect condition of a work-house, which it had been ii
the days of Penn, and for some time subsequently. Th
cruelty, the crimes, the misery, and nearly all the abomi
nations which prevailed in the prisons of America am
Europe, were the constituent parts of our system."
In this den of abomination were mingled, in onerevolt
ing mass of festering corruption, all the collected element
of contagion; all ages, colors, and sexes were forced int
one horrid, loathsome communion of depravity. Chil
dren, committed with their mothers, here first learned t
lisp in the strange accents of blasphemy ard execrations
Young, pure, and modest females, committed for debt, her
'learned from the hateful society of abandoned prostitute


'(whose resting-places on the floor they were compelled .t
' share) the insidious lessons of seduction. The young ap
prentice, in custody for some venial fault, the tyro in guilt
' the unfortunate debtor, the untried and sometimesguiltles
i' prisoners,the innocent witnesses,detained for their evidence
in court against those charged with crimes, were associate
Switch the incorrigible felon, the loathsome victim of dis
ease and vice, and the disgusting drunkard (whose mean
of intoxication were unblushingly furnished by the jailer!
Idleness, profligacy, and widely-diffused contamination
were the inevitable results. The frantic yells of baccha
nalian revelry.; the horrid execrations and disgusting oat
scenities from the lips of profligacy ; the frequent inflict
' tion of the lash; the clanking of fetters; the wild excla
nation of the wretch, driven frantic by desperation ; th
- 'ferec:ous cries of combatants; thegroank of those wound
e ed in the frequent frays, (a common pastime in the pr
S'son,) mingled with the unpitied moans of the sick, (lyin
- unattended, and sometimes destitute of clothes and covei
' ing;) the faint but imploring accents for sustenance b
e 'the miserable debtor, cut off from all means of self-sul
h port, and abandoned to his own resources, or to lingerin
1 starvation; and the continual though unheeded con
d plaints of the miserable and destitute, formed the discord
s 'ant sounds heard in the only public abode of misery i
Philadelphia, where the voice of hope, of mercy, of rel
gion, never entered. In this nursery of crime, almost e'
Scery species of profligacy was practised without punish
ment, and openly taught without any attempt at prever
S'tion-sins, to which the purity of Christianity has not a
, 'tached even a name, were nightly perpetrated."
- In this abode of moral contamination and of suffering1
n 'a few were released from their misery by the lingering pail
1 'of hunyr, of cold, and neglect; several committed suicide
and the frequent and fatal pestilence-the inevitablecons
s 'quence of filth and crowded apartments-swept off mull
y 'tudes, to whom the means of education as well as thelessol
's of religion had never been offered-whose dying hours we
d 'unimproved-whose beds were attended by no mercif
- 'minister of the gospel, urging them to repentance, and bea
Lt 'ing theblessed hope of mercy and forgiveness. They depart
e ed, either unheeded, or surrounded by wretches on who
v 'their awful example produced no reform; from whom the
I. 'sufferings received no compassion, nor any alleviatio
e 'The last sigh of the most hardened was breathed out
-s 'audacious and shocking defiance; whilst brutal indiffe
g 'ence, or agonizing despair, marked the dying moments
- 'many of the tenants of a jail of a Christian community.
9 ut-i ,,a n .rr:.Pn whio remember the former .nnd


to remark that prisons of essentially the same character j
have, until very lately, existed in almost every State in the i
Union. The old State prison in New York, the old State
prison at Charlpstown, Massachusetts, the old New Jersey
State prison, we have reason to believe, so far at least as
moral coitaminatio scis concerned, but too nearly resembled
the_Walnut street prisoit in Philadelphia. In respect to
the prison at Charlestown, as fate-as 1826, the Committee
of the Massachusetts Legislature, in their report, assert that,
" If the convict who is sentenced to the State prison have
' any spark of virtue left when he enters its walls, he will
' soon learn to forget the distinction between virtue and
' vice, and assimilate himself to his companions."
Such was the condition of the principal prison of Penn-
sylvania in 1788-9, and ofthe State prison of Massachusetts
in 1826. The condition of the State prison of Newgate, in
Connecticut, was, if any thing, still more deplorable. We
refer to these, especially, because no State in the Union
holds a higher rank for benevolence and intelligence than
Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, and Connecticut. If the
condition of prisons was any where else more encouraging,
it must have been owing to accident, and not to the supe-
rior virtue and wisdom of the community.
The fact then was, we fear, in few words, very much as
follows: Throughout the whole of this country, prisons
were erected for carryinginto effect the enactments of cri-
minal law, and, at the same time, for the confinement of
debtors, and persons detained either as witnesses or or on sus-
picion of crime. In the construction of these prisons, but
one dernand was ever made upon the architect, and that was,
that he should render them secure. Provided they were
strong, it seems to have been supposed that nothing fur.
their could be required. It was not considered of the least
importance to inquire whether the convicts spent their time
together or apart, either by day or by night; whether they
were idle or industrious; whether the novice were separat-
ed from the old offender, or whether they all mingled toge-
-ther in one loathsome mass of moral putrefaction. Nor was
this all. As prisons thus constructed, at variance with
every principle of virtue or humanity, would, by necessity,
call into action all the baleful passions of the human heart,
it was to be expected that they would be disorderly and lia-
ble to frequent insurrections. Such was the fact; and hence
it became indispensable to invest the keepers with authori-
ty to inflict punishment, to any extent which might be re-
quisite, to subdue the refractory. This power they were
obliged very frequently to exercise. The prisoners were
sometimes beaten with the lash ; at other times confined in
cold and (lark dungeons, on a short allowance of meager
food; and, in general, the government of the prison was
left, without much responsibility, to the warden and keepers.
In other words, these officers were required to govern men
placed under a system of which the whole tendency was
to render them as ungovernable as possible. That, in
this protracted struggle for supremacy, the heart of the
keeper should become steeled, and all the fountains of lis
sympathy dried up, was of course to be expected. It would
be a miracle were it otherwise. His will must become an
iron will. His word must be law. His authority would
be endangered by any manifestation of tenderness. Know-
ing that he has to do with men on whom, in their present
situation, no moral or social motive would produce effect,
he must govern by a perpetual appeal to personal fear.
Now, we do not ask how Howard or Mrs. Fry would have
governed a prison under such a system; but we ask, can
any one doubt whether, with the degree of virtue which
- falls to the share of ordinary men, there is one out of a
thousand who would not, under such circumstances, be-
come a tyrant 7 Such, we fear, was the actual result. The
discipline of prisons became, in general, unfeeling and se-
vere, and the only motive brought to bear on reasonable
and moral beings was the fear of the lash, the dungeon, or
the gallows.
The case, however, became still worse from accidental
circumstances. A prison is, or at least was, a place which
scarcely any one visited except on official business. Those
who crossed that gloomy threshold unconvicted were either
persons interested in its management, or the near relatives
of the condemned. The former would not be the first to
complain of a system by which they obtained their bread,
and for the establishment of which they were not respon-
_ sible; the latter, sensitive of the disgrace of being related
I to a State prisoner, would always be reluctant to speak
publicly of abuses. The criminals, who had suffered from
ill-treatment, would rarely publish their wrongs, for very
r few of them could write intelligibly; and those who were
s able to reveal what they had seen would rather bury their
disgrace in oblivion, than, by a publication of what they had
seen, proclaim their infamy to the world, and thus engrave
their shame upon an ever-during record.
e The result of all this was, that a prison, became a secret
place, an imperium in imperio, governed by its own laws,
r or rather by its own precedents; a cavern, whose gloom
- was never irradiated by a gleam of sunshine, and whose
t noisome miasma was never stirred by the breezes.of Hea-
l ven. Here every noxious plant vegetated in rank luxuri-
t ance, and here every obscene beast made his chosen t bi-
tation. So thick was the darkness which enshrouded tafese
- abodes of misery, that they might exist in the very midst
r of an enlightened and philanthropic city, and yet not a man
Could be found who had any knowledge of what was trans-
y acted within their walls. Whatever might be the suffer-
. ings of the wretched inmates, they were all borne, so far as
the community was concerned, in silence. No one would
. believe the narrative of a State prison convict; or, if he
Believed it, no one would be easily convinced that criminals
t could be governed by any thing better than starvation and
h cold, the lash, the dungeon, and the bayonet.
e The effect of this treatment upon prisoners may be
n easily conceived. By the laws of our nature, cruelty pro-
e duces hatred,oppression creates resistance, injury awakens
- revenge, and combination is resisted by combination. The
d Criminal believed -himself to be treated with unfeeling
harshness, and he hated the jailer who restrained him, but
most of all society, by whose authority the jailer acted,
s He may have felt conscious of crime, but yet the very mo-
o ral sense which convicted him taught him also that it was
lacerating injustice to consign him, with utter heartless-
o ness, to so intolerable a doom. From this state of mind;
the transition was inevitable to that of a fixed resolution
e to be revenged on society for the injuries which he sup.
s posed himself to have suffered. Men agitated by such
o feelings, and enjoying every facility for unrestrained in-
tercourse, would naturally combine against the laws which


t, restrained them, and cherish a deadly hostility against th(
s men by whom the laws were enacted. Thus it came to
e pass that every prison in the land was a hotbed of crime
d Murders, thefts, robberies, were devised there day aftei
s- day, and there were the instruments fabricated by which
s these crimes were to be perpetrated. Every human being
) who came within the sphere of the influence of such a sys
, tern, became, inevitably, more depraved. The very means
L- for peventing crime became in fact the means, not only o
S ultiplying4t, but also of rendering it more cautious, more
expert, more nefarious, and more systematic.
a- As an illustration of the nature and tendencies of the
e former, and to too great degree the present system of pri-
I- son discipline, we would mention a case which occurred
i- only a few years since, in one ofthe New England States
g The only voucher for its accuracy, it is true, is the veraci
r- ty of the sufferer himself; but the naturalness of the whole
y narrative is such that we have never doubted for a momen
p- of its essential authenticity.
g The young man to whom we refer was an orphan, leftii
n- mere boyhood to the care of an uncle, who taught him hi
d- own trade, that of a shoemaker. The uncle, however, ab
n sconded in debt, while our informant was still a youth, ant
i- he apprenticed himself to another person of the same occu
v. nation. The master was poor, and the apprentice, of course
h- still poorer; the former failed, and was, we believe, sent to
n- jail, and the latter, almost destitute of clothes, was agaii
t- turned out, without a friend, into the street. His appear
ance was so squalid that no respectable mechanic would
g; employ him, and he wandered about the city for severe
ns days, cold and hungry, procuring barely enough to prolong
e; existence by doing little errands on a wharf.
e- [n this condition, to cover his nakedness, he stole a
i- old coat out of an entry. In one ofthe pockets, there was
ns unfortunately, a pocket book containing a considerable sur
re of money. This discovery alarmed the poor boy. To re
ul turn it would have been to confess the robbery. To kee
r- it was to render apprehension almost certain. While d(
rt- liberating with himself what he should do, he was arrest
m ed, immediately convicted, and sentenced to six months
*ir imprisonment in a common jail. Here he found himself
n. consigned to the same apartment with three pirates, one c
in whom was afterwards executed, and the other two doubt
r- less deserved execution. These wretches spent their tim
of in instilling into the mind of this boy every sentiment c
hatred against society. They taught him how to steal, an
.- assured him that the pleasantest life which he could choose


as the cold weather approached, his situation became almost
desperate. He was perfectly prepared to commit an, of-
fence which would send him to prison, for then," said he,
I should be certain of having a place to sleep in at night."
In this state of mind, he was met by an old house-break-
er, who immediately engaged him to rob a store. The rob-
bery was successfully accomplished, and the booty secur-
ed. A reward was offered for the detection of the thief.
A compromise was effected between the owners of the pro-
perty, the managing robber, and the police officer; a
large part of the stolen goods was returned, and the re-
mainder shared between the old offender and an accom-
plice, while this young man, who had been merely a tool
in the transaction, was delivered over to justice. We
need not add that he was speedily convicted, and sen-
tenced for term of several years to confinement in the State
prison.
Several of the first months of this confinement were pass-'
ed in solitude. It was midwinter. The room to which he
wis consigned was unglazed; his bed was a bunk filled
with straw, and his covering a single blanket. It happen-
ed that, on several occasions, he awoke in the morning and
found himselfcovered with snow from the open window. His
food was insufficient in quantity and poor in quality ; and
his health soon began to decline. Frequently he was ob-
liged to lie with his limbs folded together during the whole
day and night, for the sake of husbanding the vital warmth,
until, even after being taken out, he was for sometime unable
to stand upright. During this sad period, my feelings,"
said he, were continually vibrating between two ex-
tremes. Sometimes I felt myself injured ; though I knew
I had done wrong, yet I was conscious I did not deserve
such protracted misery, and I could not help weeping over
my situation. Then, again, I would feel that this was not
manly, and I would brace myself to bear it without flinch-
ing, determined that, if ever I was set at liberty, the world
should pay dearly for its treatment of me." These latter
feelings gradually strengthened with time, and at the close
of the term of solitary confinement had formed themselves
into a habit.
When this melancholy half year had elapsed, he was
turned loose into unrestrained intercourse with men who
had themselves undergone a similar training. He describ-
ed the prison at large as a perfect pandemonium, where ev-
ery evil passion of the human heart was cultivated to terri-
ble luxuriance. I do not believe," said he, "that there
was a man there who'would have hesitated a moment to
commit murder, were it not for the fear of detection. I my-
self have frequently been guilty of murder in my heart."
The only feeling possessed by the convicts in common was,
hatred against society, and a determination to be avenged
upon it, if ever they had again the opportunity. To ac-
complish this purpose, they were willing at all times to
combine together. Those who entered were always ready
to make known to those about to go out any peculiar fa-
cilities with which they were acquainted, for depredation.
They assisted each other in forming plans and in fabricat-
ing tools, and thus, on several occasions, it was commonly
known in the prison that a murder or robbery was to be
perpetrated some days before the occurrence took place. No
one who knew of the existence of such designs dared to re-
veal them: for he was well assured that, in case it were
found out, he would inevitably be assassinated by some of
the desperadoes by whom he was surrounded.
This was the manner in which, only a few years since,
an enlightened community was laboring, at great expense,
to diminish the amount of crime by which it was afflict-
ed. The account above given is related from memory ;
but it is, in all its important features, presented as we re-
ceived it. It had, at the time, every appearance of truth
and naturalness; and we have had no reason, trom any
subsequent investigations, to question the veracity of our
informant.
We need not ask whether there can be any thing more
weak or more wicked than such a system as this. So farfrom
havifig a tendency to diminish crime, its tendency is direct-
ly to increase Lt. Prisons, of every kind, were nurseries of
vice-seminaries in which criminals could select and edu-
bate their associates, and in which the whole society of
criminals became bound to each other by a perverted moral
sympathy, and by a language of words and symbols known
to themselves, but unknown to all the rest of the world.
The weakness of such a system was paralleled only by its
wickedness. What can be more inexcusably culpable than
for the intelligent, responsible citizens of a free country to
suffer such abominations to go on, year after year, uncor-
rected ? What can be more wantonly cruel than for a sin-
gle, and, it may be, a venial offence, thus to consign a fel-
-low-man, without the hope of forgiveness, to a mode of
punishment which, unless a miracle prevent, must "de-
stroy both soul and body in hell 7" We have all heard of
the Spaniard who, having disarmed his enemy,obliged him,
on condition that his life should be spared, to renounce his
religion and blaspheme his Redeemer, and then deliberate-
ly plunged his sword into his bosom, saying that it would
have been a poor revenge merely to put him to death-he
had now insured his eternal damnatior. We would, of
course, by no means intimate that sentiments thus vindic-
tive have given rise to the old methods of prison discipline;
but we do say that, in result, the analogy between the two
cases is much more exact than we wish it were. There
is, at any rate, sufficient similarity to remind us that the
evils springing from want of consideration are frequently as
great'as those arising from deliberate wickedness.
The praise of making the first effort to arouse the public
mind in this country to the enormity of thisevil must, with
out doubt, be awarded to the citizens of Philadelphia, a city
always forward in every effort to promote the happiness or
alleviate the sufferings of man.
[TO BE CONCLUDED ON WEDNESDAY.]


UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA, SEPT. 9.
N OTICE.-A vacancy having occurred in the Chair of
Medicine in this Institution, by the resignation of Dr. R.
E. Griffith, from ill health, a meeting of the Board of Visiters
will be held at the University, on Wednesday, the 2d day of
October next, to appoint a successor, until which time Dr. Grif-
fith will continue to lecture. The subjects assigned to this
Chair are, the Theory and Practice of Medicine, Obstetrics,
and Medical Jurisprudence. The Professor receives an annual
salary of $1,000, and a fee of $25 from each student attending
his class, and has a dwelling-house free of rent.
Candidates for the Chair are invited. They may address
their letters, post paid, to me.
J. A. G. DAVIS,
Chairman of the Faculty, University of Virginia.
sept 13-3td&4tcp


W WHOLESALE DRUG STORE IN BALTI-
MORE FOR SALE.-MOORE & STABLIR
wishing to decline business, (partly on account of the ill health
of Robert R. Moore, one of the firm,)offer their stock in trade
and store fixtures for sale.
The stand is one of the best (if not the very best) in the
city of Baltimore for the prosecution of this business, and is
well established in a first-rate custom, which will be greatly
enhanced by the completion of the Canal from Columbia to
Tide Water, now about being completed, which will connect
the harbor of Baltimore with the whble of the Pennsylvania
works; and as this store is situated immediately upon the wharf,
it will be benefited immensely.
To any person who is desirous of entering into the wholesale
Drug business, such a favorable opportunity may not again
offer.
Their store is situated on Pratt street wharf, and, in addition
to a large amount of country trade, does a very pretty cash
business with the vast number of small sailing vessels which
rade on the finest bay in the United States. sept 4-2alm
TO COUNTRY MERCHANTS WHO BUY
QUEENSWARE.-A saving of 15 per cent. at
No. 3, N. Charles street, Baltimore.-Just received for Fall
sales an extensive and general assortment of CHINA, GLASS
and QUEENSWA RE, which will he repacked (and every piece
warranted to go safe,) to Country Merchants 15 per cent. below
the wholesale trade prices of the city.
Merchants are invited to call and satisfy themselves of the
decided advantages now offered them.
E. M. KERR & CO., 3 N. Charles street,
sept 9-3t opposite Union Bank, Baltimore.
O NE HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.-
Absconded from the subscriber, in February last, negro
man LEVI, who calls himself Levi Hall. He is about 45 or 50
years of age, low built, of a dark copper colGr, and has long
and prominent teeth. Some years since, he received a hurt
on one of his jaws, which is very plain, and by which he can
be easily recognized. And on the 5th of the present month,
negro man HARRY CHASE. Harry is about 50 years of age,
very active and smart; he is about 5 feet 8 inchs high, stout
made, has a blear eye from a wound, and is well known in
Washington. He has a free wife living in Washington, and
is probably lurking in that neighborhood. The above negroes
took with them such clothing as is usually given to farm ser-
vants. I will give the above reward, and all reasonable ex-
penses, for the lodging of both of the above slaves in the Wash-
ington city jail, so that I get them again; and one-half of the
f-n..ai.-,; rauBrd) for either of them.


CIVIL GOVERNMENT OF FLORIDA.

Division of the Territory; or, East Florida a dis-
tinct Territorial Government.
At a full meeting of the inhabitants of the city
of St. Augustine, East Florida, held, pursuant to
public notice, at the Court-house, on Thursday,
the 29th day of August, 1839, General JosEPH
M. HERNANDEZ was appointed President, and
Major J. JOHN BEARD, Jr. and S. HILL WIL-
LIAMS Secretaries of the meeting.
The object of the meeting was explained, and the meet-
ing was addressed by Major PUTNAM and several other
gentlemen. On motion, it was
Resolved, That the following gentlemen, viz. Gabriel
W. Perpall, Esq. Gen. Peter Sken Smith, Col. John M.
Hanson, Bernardo Segui, Esq. and Col. Gad Humphreys
be a committee to draught resolutions expressive of the sense
of the meeting.
The committee having retired, reported the following re-
solutions, which were adopted by acclamation, and without
a dissenting voice:
Resolved, That as Floridians-as American citizens-we
are gratified at the presence, at this time, of the same MEN
and the same SPIRIT that were present in the meeting of the -
fifth day of February, 1838, to protest against the calling
a Convention to form a STATE CONSTITUTION-and against
the imposition of STATE TAXEs-and to organize in favor
of DIVISION."
Resolved, That we have not, at any time, "yielded" oui
preferences, or compromised our principles we are, as we
were, in that first meeting, one and all, opposed to being
erected into a STATE with the MIDDLE and WEST-and
one and all for separating THE EAST from the Mid-.
die and West-making the SUWANNEE the dividing line."
Resolved, That we have organized for Division," and
nothing but Division," and for the purpose of co-operat-
ing with our fellow-citizens of THE EAST for the DI-
VISION of THIS VAST TERRITORY-comprising, as it does,
THE COUNTRY and THE CAPABILITIES sufficient for TWO
STATES; the WEST being nearly equal in size to Mas-
sachusetts and Maryland combined, and nearly as large
as South Carolina; and the Territory lying EAST of the
Suwannee" possessing an area approaching in extent
Pennsylvania or New York, and equal in extent to Ten-
nessee or Michigan.
Resolved, That a glance at our geographical position
shows that the natural outlet of the MIDDLE and WEST is
to the Gulf of Mexico, while THE EAST has its natural out-
let to the Atlantic coast-thus, from the beginningwNature
designed THE SEPARATION. That, subsequently, the con-
flicting and diversified interests of THE FLORIDAS demanded
and obtained-and in seeking DIVISION, we only seek
to establish THE RIGHT OF SEPARATION that had its founda-
tion in, the justice and policy of the Spanish and English
Governments, un(er which THE FLORIDAS were formed in-..
to TWO separate Provinces, each having its own Governor;
and they were so ceded by Spain to the United States.
Resolved, That the Constitution and laws of the United
States having established the FEDERAL RATIO OF STATE
REPRESENTATION at Forty-seven Thousand Seven Hun-
dred-and as, in the CENSUS that preceded the late Territo-
rial Convetion, the aggregate population of THE FLORI-
DAS fell ten thousand short of the FEDERAL NUMBER, we con.-
sider a Constitution" emanating from the representatives
of a minority A DEAD LETTER, whether approved or rejected
by the Territory at large.
Resolved, That, adhering to the principle of DIVISION,"
we do maintain the birth-right" of THE EAST to a separate
and independent Territory east of the Suwannee; while,
with mingled feelings of kindness and respect, we would
say to the MIDDLE and WEST, Is not the whole land be-
fore us '1 Let there be no strife between us, for we be bre-
thren."
Resolved, That again, as before, we enter our public
and solemn protest against the premature, impracticable,
and ruinous scheme of precipitating the whole of this great
Territory into a single STATE; when the people of THE
EAST have, with such commendable unanimity, rejected
both the STATE and THE CONSTITUTION at the ballot-box. "'
Resolved, That the inability, as also the indisposition of
THE EAST to participate in the mere pageant of A STATE
GOVERNMENT, upheld by DIRECT TAXES, is apparent to all;
and we should be still more reluctant to exchange our Ter-
ritorial independence for State honors, purchased by the de-
grading and humiliating condition that the Middle and
West pay the TAXES of the East!
Resolved, That we shall support for office men who are
opposed to forming THE FLORIDAS into a single STATE, and
opposed to the system of TAXES, inseparable to the adoption
of a STATE GOVERNMENT, and who are the uncompromising
advocatesvof" DIVISION."
Resolved, That we respectfully solicit the inhabitants of
the towns and counties of the East to hold similar meet-
ings; and we-most respectfully ask for these proceedings
the attention of the Hon. CHARLES DOWNING, our delegate
in Congress, with the assurance of our undiminished con-
fidence in his ability and faithfulness to effect THE DIVISION,
so ardently desired by his constituents in the East, and vi-
Stally important to the welfare of the East.
Resolved, That, in petitioning for THE DIVISION OF THE
FLORIDAS, we appeal with confidence to the wisdom, jus-
tice, and patriotism of the distinguished STATESMEN who
represent OUR COMMON COUNTRY IN THE COUNCILS OF THE
NATION at Washington. They can appreciate the impor-
tance of THE TWO STATES OP FLORIDA to the Southern por-
tion of the Confederacy, and to THE UNION.
Resolved, That these proceedings be signed by the Pre-
sident and Secretaries, and published in the papers of this
city; the Tallahassee Star;" the paper at Jacksonville ;
the Charleston and Savannah papers; the Globe" and
the National Intelligencer," Washington.
JOSEPH M. HERNANDEZ, President.
J. JOHN BEARD, JR. Secretaries.
S. HILL WiLLIAMS,


ONE OR TWO GENTLEMEN with their ladies,
or single gentlemen, can be accommodated, with board
in a private family, situated in a pleasant and central part of
the city. For terms, &c. address B. K. through the post office.
sept 10--t
HANDSOME AND DESIRABLE BUILD-
ING LOTS, in the Second Ward. for sale at
Auction.-On Thursday, the 26th inst. at 4 o'clock P. M. on
the premises, will be sold to the highest bidder, beginning at
the first mentioned lot, viz.
Lot No. 1, in Square No. 223, containing 10,000 feet. This
lot is situated on the corner of G and 14th streets, and in the
adjoining square to the new Treasury, Bank United States, and
Bank of the Metropolis. It will be divided into four lots of 25
feet front each, on G street.
Lots Nos. 18, 19, and 20, in Square 250. These lots front
on I street, opposite the vacant water square, and are among the
most desirable building lots in the city, containing in all 20,966
square feet.
Lot No. 4, in Square No. 257, fronting 54 feet and 7 inches
on 14th street, containing 4,745 feet. This lot, if desired, will
be divided.
Lot No. 4, in Square No. 294. fronting 49 feet 3 inches on
13th street, 128 feet 3 inches on C street, and 120 feet 9 inches
on Ohio avenue, containing 8,928 feet.
The terms will be, one-fifth of the purchase money in cash,
and the balance in endorsed notes, at 1, 2 and 3 years, bearing
interest. EDWARD DYER,
sept 14-cod&ds Auctioneer,


HE BEST INVESTMENT NOW OFFER-
ING.-Corporation Five per cent. stock at
Auction.-On Tuesday next, the 17th instant, at my auction
rooms, at 5 o'clock P. M. will be sold at public auction, a lot of
Five per cent. Washington Corporation Stock, in parcels to
suit purchasers. Terms cash.


sept 14-d


EDWARD DYER,
Auctioneer.


E ARTHENWARE, CHINA, GLASSWARE.-
ROBERT H. MILLER, Alexandria, has imported in the
ships Pioneer and Gen, Washington, just arrived at that port
from Liverpool-
228 crates Earthenware, China, &c.
36 hhds.
Comprising a general and complete assortment of this des-
cription of goods.
R. H. MILLER has also on hand, and is constantly receiving,
additions to his Stock of-
Cut, plain, pressed, and moulded Glassware
Britannia TeaPots, Sugar and Creams, separate and in sets
Astral, Wall, Suspendiniig, and Hall Lamps
German Silver and Britannia Castors, cut and plain bhqles
R. H. M. solicits a call from the merchants of the upper
country to examine his Stock, as to assortment, style, and prices,
being confident he can supply them, upon as good terms and
prices as they can meet with in any of the Northern cities,


THE SILK CULTURE.


CoL. W. D. WAPILES'S COCOONERY, AT DAGSBURY, IN
DELAWARE.-At this establishment, a fair and systematic
experiment has been made, chiefly under the skilful and
prudent management of Mrs. Waples. Undertaken with
patriotic views, and after mature reflection, the design has
-been persisted in steadily for two yeais, and the result is
a conviction that it may now be followed up witk complete
success, and as much profit as will well reward the labor
bestowed and the capital invested. The misfortune, not
unforeseen, in this business, has been, that too many have
rushed into it headlong, with selfish and narrow views to
speculation merely, not foreseeing or not caring for the bad
effects which their ultimate failure or withdrawal might
have on a most important and interesting branch of indus-
try. Col. Waples, on the contrary, embarked in it with
right intentions,.keeping over his trees in spite of all tempt-
ations to sell. Now they are two years old, and this year
have yielded food for near half a million of worms, which
have been fed and reared with a care and patience charac-
teristic of all exemplary and notable housewives, and par-
ticularly honorable and praiseworthy in one in whose sphere
and circumstances in life such examples are so rarely to be
found.
The cocoons at this well-arranged and beautiful estab-
lishment, except such as were allowed to hatch, have been
wound off by means of Gay's machinery, under Mrs. W.'s
superintendence-the work being done by slaves, women
and children, who, under her direction, soon became famil-
iar with the whole routine.
The working of the machine has, we understand, sur-
passed all expectation, producing silk of the finest quality,
and with the utmost regularity and expedition. The whole
experiment was highly successful and satisfactory, demon-
strating the fitness of our climate, and the simplicity of
silk-making through the whole process, from,the hatching
of the egg to the reeling of the silk ready for the needle cr
the loom.
So well satisfied is Col. Waples with the entire practica-
bility and profits of the enterprise, that he proposes, on a
small stream of water, to extend the manufactory, adopting
Mr. Gay's machinery, as in all respects well adapted to
and ensuring success in his design. Our notes are from a
gentleman who received his information from Col. Waples
himself, and we are pleased to have it in our power to re-
cord this other and conclusive testimony in favor of the
increasing impression that we are destined, ere many years,
to produce our own silk, as certainly as not many years
since we did not produce our own cotton.-Amer. Farm.

8,000 Morus Multicaulis trees, averaging 5J feet high,
were sold in this town (Easton, Talbot co. Md.) during
the present (last) week, for 35 cents per tree.-kas. Gaz.
We understand a sale was made at Salisbury, last week,
at 31 cents per tree, as they stand, 4 months'credit, notes
negotiable in the Salisbury Bank.-Amer. Farm.

At a sale of 20,000 M. M. trees by Thomas & Sons, at
Mr. Bonker's farm, N. J. one lot brought 151 cents, and
the remainder ranged from 11i to 14 cents.
A forged check for $2,700 was presented at the counter
of the Mechanics' Bank, Philadelphia, on Saturday last,
and paid. It was drawn to order, and the signature of the
firm by which it purported to have been drawn, as well as
that of the endorsement, were forged with much exactness.
SECOND THOUGHTS ARE BEST.-The Columbus (Ohio)
State Journal of Friday states that a man attempted to
drown himself on the preceding evening, by jumping off
the bridge into the river. The plunge brought him to his
senses, and he swam to the shore-wisely resolving to en-
dure the present ills rather than "fly to others that he
knows not of."
The U. S. schooner Grampus, Lieut. Com. PAYNE,
bound on a cruise to the coast of Nova Scotia and Labra-
dor, has gone to sea from Hampton Roads.
A living FLAMINGO has been recently presented to the
Alexandria Museum by a merchant of that city ; and is
considered, by all who have seen it, one of the greatest cu-
riosities of the feathered tribe ever beheld in this section of
the country. The bird appears to be in a healthy condi-
tion.
REWARD FOR A MURDERER.-Two thousand dollars is
offered in St. Mary's, Georgia, for the apprehension of
Charles Rosignol, who, on Friday, the 30th ult., shot
Capt. Thomas E. Hardee with a pistol, so as to cause
death in a few hours. Fifteen hundred dollars is offered
by the relatives of the deceased, and five hundred by the
citizens. A description of his person is not given.

SAD DEATH OF A LITTLE GIRL.--An inquest was held on
Monday at the house, of Mr. Win. Breznell, corner of 28th
street and 10th avenue, New York, on the body of Jane Brez-
nell, his daughter, about 5 years of age. Her death was caused
by her falling into a trough of boiling swill, placed in a pig pen
to feed the swine. On Sunday afternoon she was playing with
some children, and climbing on the pig pen fell over into the
trough. She was dreadfully scalded, and, after lingering a few
hours, died. Verdict, "accidentally scalded to death."-New
York Gazette.
ANOTHEn VICTIM.-On Saturday night last, a poor negro
man named Moses Bouldin, while under the influence of rum,
laid himself across the track of the New Cast'e and French-
town Railroad, and was run over and killed instantly by the
night train of cars, in their passage from Frenchtown. A jug
was by his side.
A child about eight months old was instantly killed at Sandy
Bay, one day last week, in the following shocking manner :
There were two children in a basket-carriage, drawn by an
elder sister, and attended by the mother of them all. To get
out of the way of a heavy ox team which came near them the
carriage was hauled up at the side of the road, but unfortunate-
ly it was upet, and the children thrown out, directly over the
head of one of whom the wheels of the team passed, crushing
it and causing the little sufferer to expire without a struggle.
A mother only could appreciate the mother's feelings, as she
bewilderingly looked upon the mangled corpse of her off-
spring.-Gloucester Telegraph.

FRENCH, ITALIAN, AND GERMAN LAN-
GUAGESD MATHEMATICS, AND DRAW-


ING.-Dr. CHARLES KRAITSIR, a graduate of the Univer-
sity of Vienna, (in Austria,) begs leave to inform the citizens
of the District that he intends giving private lessons in any of
the above branches of knowledge. His system will be found
effective in enabling pupils to speak those languages.
For terms, which will be liberal, apply this rooms at Mr.
Davison's, in the row adjoining the Seven Buildings on the
west; 0o at Mr. Fenderich's Lithographic Repertory, Pennsyl-
vania avenue.
References : Messrs. Alex. Dimitry, John H. Offley, and
Jos. S. Wilson. sept 14-eo3t


IR. F. D. WHEELWRIGHT, having located
at the Cottage, (Miss Carroll's,) Montgomery county, Md.
about equidistant from Washington and Rockville, and near the
Turnpike, offers his professional services to the Public of the
vicinity. All calls shall be promptly attended to.
sept 13-eo2w
I HE undersigned are preparing an Alphabetical Index
of the Maryland Decisions, commencing with the first
volume of Harris and McHenry, in 1658, and ending with the
last -reported decisions of the Court, which they will- have
ready for the press in a short time, and which, when com-
pleted, will be offered for public patronage.
It is deemed unnecessary to say any thing about the utility of
such a work, as it must be manifest to the profession.
STEPHEN & DIGGES,
sept 6-4t Bladensburg, Md.
1:1p The editors of the Baltimore Patriot will give the above
four insertions, and forward their account to this office.
AVERY VALUABLE TRACT OF LAND FOR
SALE.-We will sell that valuable tract of Land, now
tenanted by Mr. John Brown, in Charles county, Maryland,
situated upon Pomonkey creek, within one mile of the Potomac
river, and lying immediately back of and adjoining the planta-
tion of one of the subscribers, [Wm. L. Brent,] known as the
'Pomonkey" Plantation, on the Potomac river, about 22 miles
below Washington city.
This Plantation commands one of the most beautiful and ex-
tensive views upon the Potomac, contains about 500 acres of
land, is well-timbered, and the soil of the best quality for im-
provement and for the culture of tobacco, corn, small grain, or
timothy. It could also be made a very valuable grazing farm.
By a proper course of cultivation, it would become (as it was
when cultivated by the owner, and before tenanted out) one of
the most productive plantations in that section of the country.
The steamboats from Baltimore and Norfolk, and the daily river
boats afford great facilities of every kind. Its proximity to na-
vigation of every description, and to the markets of Alexan-
dria, Washington, Georgetown, Baltimore, and Norfolk, by a
direct water communication, added to the great'benefits and ad-
S I--, .- 1-.-_ 4__ ___. __ _.. ._ _;-;








WILLIAM AND MARY COLLEGE, (Va.)

T HE Lectures in. this institution will commence on the se-
o. ad Monday in October. The departments of instruc-
tion and the expenses of the session are as follows:
COURSE FOI THE DEGREE OF A.B.
JUNIOR YEAR.
Belles-Lettres, Logic, Ethics, and History-Thomas R.
Dew, Piesident and Professor. Text Books: Blair's Lectures,
Hedge's Logic, Paley's Moral Philosophy, Manual of History
by the Professor.
Political Law and Governmnent-Beverly Tucker, Profes-
sor. Text Book ; Vattel's Law of Nations.
athematics-Robert Saunders, Professor. Text Books :
Legendre's Geometry, Young's Algebra, Davie's Surveying-.
Chbemistry-John Millington, Professor. Text Book. Ma-
nual of Chemistry, by John Webster, M. D. 3d edition.
SENIOR YEAR.
Political Economy, Government, and Metaphysies-
Thomas R. Dew, Professor. Text Books : Say's Political Eco-
noiny, Dew's Lectures on the Restrictive System and-Usury,
Brown's Lectures, Dew's Essay on Slavery.
Natural Philosophy-John Millington, Professor. Text
Books: Olmsted's Natural Philosophy, Essay on "Galvanism
and Electro-Magnetism, by the Professor.
lMathematics-Robert Saunders, Professor. Text Books :
Young's Algebra, Davie's Analytical Geometry, Davie's Cal-
culus, and Olmsted's Astronomy.
INDEPENDENT CLASSES.
Law-Beverly Tucker, Professor. Text Books : Tucker's
Commentary, Stephen on-Pleading, Revised Code, Federalist,
Kent's Commentary, (1st vol.) Madison's Resolutions and Re-
port, andStarkie on Evidence..
Civil Engineering-John Millington, Professor. Text
Books: Treatise on Civil Engineering, and Treatise on the
Steam Engine, both by tlhe Professor.
CLASSICAL DEPARTMENT.
A change in this department has recently been made by the
Visitors, by whizh it has been placed on as high a footing as
Sthe classical department in asy institution. This has been
done by abolishing the school for boys heretofore existing,
and establishing two classes, described below, to be attended
only by the matriculated students of the College. In each of
these certificates of proficiency will be granted, and the student
who successfully goes through both will receive the general
certificate of classical literature, provided he shall have studied
the subjects of the Junior Moral Course.
Latin Literature and Greek Literature--Dabney Browne,
Professor.
The Text Books cannot now be arranged, as the course is not
yet matured. They can, howeverbe had here by the student
wishing to attend either class.
To enter the Latin Class, the student must be able to read
Sallust and Virgil; and for admission into the Greek Class, it
is necessary that he shall be qualified to read Xenophon.
EXPENSES OF A REGULAR STUDENT.
JuNIon YEAR.
Fees to three Professors, 820 each $60 00
Ifalf fee, Junior Political (Vattel) Class 10 00
Matriculation Fee 5 00
Board, including washing and lights 115 00
Fuel to be paid for, (as used) say 15 00


SENIOR YEAR.
Fees to three Professors -
Matriculation Fee -
Board* &c. as before, say
'V -


$205 00


60 00
5 00
130 00

$195 00


Of the Independent Classes.
Law $20 00
Engineering 20 00
Latin 20 00
Greek 20 00
.The price of board here estimated at $130 is that paid to the
College steward, who, in consideration of certain. privileges,
binds himself to the Faculty to take all students who apply for
board at the price here stated. The students boarding with
him lodge in the College building.
The price of board, including washing, lights, and fuel, at
other boarding houses iwtown cannot exceed $150. This has
been established by a general understanding with the College
authorities.
The Public, are assured.that the entire amount of the neces-
sary expenses at this institution is exhibited above. Whatever
money, therefore, beyond this amount, shall Le furnished to the
student will be altogether at the discretion of. the parent or
guardian; and it is 'earnestly recommended that this sum be as
small as possible.
The Text Books here advertised may be all had here, (ac.
cording to agreement with the bookseller,) at a price certainly
not exceeding the Richmond prices..
Any student proposing to join the regular junior Mathemati-
cal Clasamist be prepared to commence with Simple Equations
and the Third Book of Davie's Legendre.
Those who have had no preparation in Mathematics may ob-
tain it in a preparatory class, in which are taught merely the
Elements of Algebra, including Simple Equations and the first
two books of Davie's Legendre.
r In addition to the studies above enumerated, there is a de-
partmeit ef higher studies necessary to the attainment of the
degree of A. M.
A student proposing to attend this-department, with a view to
graduation in it, must have taken either the degree of A. B. in
this College, or the same or some equivalent degree in some
other College of equal standing, and must also be a proficient
in the Latin language.
The courses, which will occupy two years, will be as fol-
lows, and supervised by the Professors in their several depart-
ments :
Moral and Political Department--Campbell's Rhetoric,
Whateley's Logic, Chalmers on the Moral and Intellectual
Nature of Man, Whateley's and Senior's Political Economy,
-rnith's Wealth of Nations, and Ricardo on Political Econo-
my; Brown on the Emotions, Chalmers's Evidences of Chris-
tianity.
Historical-Gillie's Greece, Ferguson's Rome, Sismondi's
-Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Russell's Modern Eu-
rope, Hallam's Middle Ages and Constitutional History of Eng-o,
land, History of the.United States.
Mllalhemtical--Young's Algebra, Young's Analytical Ge-
ometry aUn:l Differential and Integral Calculus, Olmsted's As-
tronomy.
Physical-Turner's Chemistry, (6th edition,) Young's Me-
chanics, Brewster's Optics, Bakewell's Geology, Olmsted's
Astronomy.
Law Dep -tment-Constitutional Law.
If the student, in addition to the degree ,of A. B. shall take
the Law degree, (L. B.) then the Mathematical and Physical
portion of the master's course may be dispensed with ; or, if he
be a graduate in the school of Engineering, (besides having ta-
ken A. B ) then the Moral, and Political, and Historical portion
may be dispensed with. In either case, the student must take
the half course of History which he may have omitted in the A.
B. course-a -course of History consisting of two separate half
courses, one comprising Modern, the other Ancient History, one
of which is sufficient for the degree of A. B.
sept 4-wv3t THOMAS R. DEW, President.
V ALUABLE ESTATE ,SALE.-The subscriber,
wisalg,to remove South, offers for sale the estate he now
resides on, in King George county, Virginia, situated immedi-
ately on the Potomac, sixty miles from Washington city. This
place, well known by the name of Waterloo, contains between
eight hundred and one thousand acres. The soil, in point of
fertility, is, not inferior W. any in the county, and the timber on
the estate is of great value. A small family seine has been used
on the shorp, and a great abundance of fish caught, and if more
extended means were used, there is no doubt a fishery would
be ftfitable. There have been continual applications for the
u gehe shore as a fishery. The dwelling house is a spacious
.S b lding, and not inferior in workmanship to any in the
State; The other improvements are all extensive and costly.
Persons disposed to purchase are invited to examine the pre-
mises, when the subscriber can make known the terms of sale.
Possession will be given at the expiration of the present year.
All letters addressed to the subscriber, at Hampstead Post Of-
fice, King George county, Va. will be promptly attended to.
aug 17-eotf NEDHAM H. WASHINGTON.
[jr Richmond Enquirer six weeks, and send account as
above.
CREHORE AND BARTLET'S PLAYING
CARDS.-30 gross best hot pressed eagles, red and
blue stars, wave, marble, white back, &c. for sale at factory
prices, at the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store, 4 doors east'
of the new City Post Office.
july 30 LEWIS JOHNSON.
p.-S. Visiting cards, card cases, of various kinds, pocket
books, bank .books, .wallets, purses, fine cutlery, chessmen,
chessboatds, backgammon boards, solitaire, &c. &c. for sale at
the lowest prices as above. L. J.
B OOTS AND SHOES.-DEAN, HARMON & MIL-
LER have on hand at their Factory, King street, Alex-
andria, D. C.-
3,000 pairs men's fine Boots
3,000 do do, thick do
10,000 do do do Brogans
1,000 do do fine Brogans and Shoes
3,000 do boys' and you'hs' fine and coarse Brogans
3,000 do ladies' leather Shoes and Bootees
1,000 do do 'Seal Slippers


WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY of Baltimore,
MEDICAL DEPAIRTMENT-SESSION 1839-'40.
THE REGULAR LECTURES in this institution
will commence on the last Monday of October, and con-
tinue to the first of March.
The Faculty consist of the following Professors, in the order
of their appointment:
JAMES H. MILLER, M. D. Professor of Anatomy and Phy-
siology.
SAMUEL K. JENNINGS, M. D. Professor of Materia Medica,
Therapeutics, and Legal Medicine.
WILLIAM W. HANDY, M. D. Professor of Obstetrics and Dis-
eases of Women and Children.
JOHN C. S. MONKUR, M. D. Professor of Institutes and Prac-
tice of Medicine.
EDWARD FOREMAN, M. D. Professor of Chemistry.
JOHN R. W. DUNBAR, M. D. Professor of Surgery and Sur-
gical Anatomy.
W. R. HANDY, Demonstrator of Anatomy.
The plan of this institution is peculiar in this country. The
College buildings are so constructed as to present great advan-
tages to the student, which every intelligent medical man will
at once perceive, as this plan unites a Medical College, Marine
and City Hospital, and rooms, with excellent board, for a large
number of resident students,*who have the charge of the pa-
tients, wiuder the direction of the Professors.
Clinical Lectures are delivered during the session on Medi-
cine and Surgery by the Professors of the respective chairs.
Additional information in reference to the plan, terms, &c.
and a circular, may be obtained by a letter addressed to
JOHN R, W. DUNBAR, M. D.
sept 4-cpwt8thN Dean of the Medical Faculty.
AW SCHOOL.-I will commence a course of law in-
struction on the 1st Monday in November next, adapted
to a term of two years' continuance, with a single class. The
exercises will be daily examination and explanation from the
beginning of November in each year till the latter end of
March, when the judicial circuit commences. During the other
periods of the year, the studies will be pursued by the class,
with my directions and under my superintendence and occa-
sional examination when not withdrawn byjudicial duties. The
text books for the first year will be Kent s Commentaries, Di-
gest of Real Property, just published by the instructor, Leigh's
Nisi Prius, (particular parts,) and Stephens on Pleading. The
text books for the second year will be Starkie's Law of Evi-
dence, Leigh's Nisi Prius, (particular parts that were omitted
in the studies of the first year,) 2 Tucker's Commentaries,
" Story's Equity Jurisprudence," a Treatise on the law of Exe-
cutors, &c., which I am now preparing and which it is expect-
ed will be published next spring or summer, and "Davis's Cri-
minal Law." The text books will be furnished by myself, and
the students will have them as a part of the consideration of the
fee, which will be for the first year $120, and for the second year
$100. The design of the course is to pursue, as nearly as prac-
ticable, the course adopted in Blackstone's Commentaries
greatly amplified.
Those who may wish to join the class will be pleased to in-
form me at their earliest convenience.
JOHN TAYLOE LOMAX,
aug 24-tOctl Fredericksburg.
VALUABLE LAND AT AUCTION.-Will be
offered, at the Globe Tavern, (Dorsey's,) in Frederick,-
on the 15th day of October next, commencing at 11 o'clock A.
M., the following valuable Real Estate of Henry Waring, de-
ceased, lying in Frederick county, Maryland, to wit:
Rocky Fountain," containing about 490 acres. This farm
adjoins Buckeystown, is about six miles from Frederick, is in-
tersected by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, dividing it into
nearly equal portions, and is distant about six miles from the
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, thus having a choice of markets.
It is of a strong limestone land, well improved, and in a good
state of cultivation. It is divided into eight fields, besides seve-
ral smaller lots; it is well watered, having the advantage of
two large and never-failing springs, besides several smaller
ones, affording water to each field. The improvements are a
large and commodious Mansion, with kitchen and out-houses,
a spring-house within fifty yards of the mansion, a barn about
70 by 24 feet, with sheds attached, servants' houses, &c., and
the whole is well and substantially enclosed.
Also, "Small Gains," lying about a mile and a half nearer to
Frederick, containing about 160 acres of good limestone land,
about 65 acres being in young and thriving wood, and the re-
mainder being divided into two fields in a good state of culti
ovation.
Also, New Bremen," containing about 70 acres of land, ly-
ing about two miles south of Rocky Fountain. It is mostly co-
vered with young wood, having been formerly cut over, and no
part is in cultivation.
Also, a wood lot of about 25 acres of young and thriving chest-
nut timber, lying about four miles from Rocky Fountain, on the
east side of the Monocacy, near to Kohlenburgh's former Glass
Works, and kept as a support, in part, of Rocky Fountain.
"Rocky Fountain" and "Small Gains" are under rent to
Davis Richardson, Esq,, whose term will expire on November
1, 1840. These tracts will therefore be sold subject to this lease,
the purchaser to have the rent for the ensuing year, and the
undersigned to retain the rent for the year about to end.
Although Mr. Rchirdson's lease will extend to November 1,
1840, he has kindly offered to give possession to any purchaser
at an earlier period of ihe year. He has also proffered his ser.
vices to show the premises, previously to the sale, to any who
may desire to purchase.
The terms of sale are: One-fourth of the purchase-money to
be paid in hand, and the residue in three equal instalments at
one, two, and three years, with interest on the whole amount
unpaid, payable annually, and payment to be secured by bond,
with approved security, and a lien on the land. All convey-
ancing to be at the cost of the purchaser.
If the terms of sale be not complied with in five days, the
right is reserved to re-sell, at Fublic auction, at the risk and cost
of the purchaser in default, on the same terms, after ten days'
advertisement. MILICENT WARING,
Executrix and Trustee of the Will of
aug 28-wts Henry Waring, deceased.
The Frederick Herald, Hagerstown Torch Light, and Balti-
more American will insert the above once a week until the day
of sale, and send their accounts to the advertiser, Georgetown,
District of Columbia.
VALUABLE PROPERTY IN MARYLAND,
near West River, and on Herring Bay,for sale-
206 acrts.
Situation.-At the village called Tracey's Landing, run-
ning back west of the great main road, there being, of the 206
acres, 70 odd on that side of the road. The landing at Tracey's
is within a short row of the steamboat landing at Fair Haven.
Buildings and Improvements.-There is on the property,
at Tracey's, a very large Ware or Tobacco-house, within a few
yards of the water; also, a good Dwelling, formerly the resi-
dence of Mr. Thomas and Mr. James Tongue, the store former-
ly occupied by T. Tongue, a dairy, well-enclosed garden, &c.
On another part of the farm, there ate a good Dwelling-house,
with several rooms above and below, kitchen, meat-house, and


a large tobacco-house.
Timber.-A great abundance of poplar and chestnut for
building and fencing. There is chestnut enough, which ought
to be cut for the benefit of the farm, to make as much outside
and cross fencing as could be desired. In this particular, this
farm possesses a great advantage over most others in that neigh-
oorhood.
Soil.-The soil is of that extraordinary quality, for which
that neighborhood is so remarkable, that the poorest parts of
the farm may be restored speedily to the greatest fertility by
the application of clover and plaster of Paris.
Water.-It is well supplied with both fresh and salt water.
In short, for situation, convenience, and cheapness of trans-
portation, and almost daily opportunities to market; for soil,
adapted in a remarkable manner to corn, wheat, tobacco of the
finest quality, clover, and timber; for the number of useful
buildings ; for building and fence timber; and for admitted sa-
labrity, few farms in the State of Maryland equal it.
The terms will be made accommodating, and will be explain-
ed to those who inquire, with a view to purchase, by
J. S. SKINNER & SON, Baltimore.
For sale, also, two other Tracts of Land, one called Mount
Hope, near Fair Hiven, on Herring Bay. The situation can-
not be surpassed for beauty; it commands a view of the bay,
and of the steamboat going and returning, for more than an
hour before her arrival at Fair Haven, of which it is within ten
minutes' walk or row by a boat. The buildings are complete,
embracing every thing that coula reasonably be wished for
or imagined. Near that on the main road, about 75 acres of
langl, formerly Errickson's, on whichithere are a good dwelling,
I aarge tobacco-house, well shedded all around, and other out-
buildings. Inquire of
aug 31-w4w J. S. SKINNER & SON.
C ASH FOR EGRO ES.--The subscriber wishes to
purchase a number of Negroes, of both sexes, forthe Lou-
isiana and Msissippi markets. He will pay the highest prices
the Southern markets will justify. Those wishing to get the
highest market price will do well to give him a call at his jail,
on 7th street, between the Centre Market and Long Bridge,
at the rough-cast house that stands in the large garden sur.-
rounded by trees, on the west side of 7th street. Negroes are
laken on board, at the low price of 25 cents per day, from the
country or town. Letters addressed to the subscriber will be
attended to promptly.
iuly 27-dts WM. H. WILLIAMS.
.TEW WORK.-Sydney Clifton, or Vicissitudes in both
iL V Hemispheres, a tale ofthe nineteenth century, in 2 vols.
is this day received for sale by F. TAYLOR, or for circulation
among the subscribers to the Waverley Circulating Library, im-
mediately east of Gadaby's Hotel. aug 5


tcDONNER ; or, Truth through Fiction, ByJa-
L. cob Abbott, author of the Young Christian. There is,
therefore, no condemnation to them that are in Chri.st"


CITY PROPERTY TO BE SOLD FOR TAXES.

COLLECTOR'S OFFICE, CITY HALL, SEPTEMBER 2, 1839.
ON SATURDAY, the 30th of November next, will be sold, by public auction, at the City Hall,
in the city of Washington, the following described property, to satisfy the Corporation of the
said city for taxes due thereon for the years stated, unless the said taxes be previously paid to the
subscribers, with such expenses and fees as may have accrued at the time of payment.


YEARS FOR WHICH TAXES ARE DUE.


TO WHOM ASSESSED.


Square. Lot.
Abbott, Joseph 226 1 & imps.
AlHen, Mary E. 250 14
Atwell, Peter 453 part 8
Being the south part, fronting 25 feet on 7th street, with a depth
of 75 feet.
Armitage, Benjamin 84 2
Aveihle, J. B. 107 5
Baptist Church 407 3
Barren & Drake 231 east half 28
319 east half 2 &imps.


Alley tax
371 und. half 5


Barry & Holtzman
Brent, Harriet


Barry, Richard
Paving tax, on interest from
Tax for removing nuisance
Bank of Washington


7


431
289


501
493
March 1, 183

384


385
Paving tax, on interest from March 1, 1837

Paving tax, on interest as above -
Carroll, Daniel 576
Paving tax, on interest from March 1, 1837
Pump tax -
Cutts, Richard 250 s


Clarke, Ruth Ann
Being the south part, fronting 25
tending back 60 feet 5j inches.
Cloakey, Samuel, heirs of
Cross, Trueman






Campbell, James, heirs of


5
5 &imps.
13
23
1


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1

2

9


ub. 1


1834. 1835. 1836.


6 75


-
-
15 95
-
-
-

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

-
-
-
-
-
-

-
18 00
-
-
-
-
-


9
5
6
254 part 27 & imps.
feet on 13th street, and ex-

377 south half 11 & imps.
312 1
-2
3


184

799


Craig, Robert 38

Caldwell, Timothy, and James Moore 760

Davidson & Dodge 86
Being the west part of the lot, fronting 30
and extending back the depth of the lot.
Davis, Gideon, heirs of 207

Davidson, Henry 186

Doll, Joseph east of 87
Doyle, John 143
Davidson, Jqhn, and Henry Upperman 93


Davis, Peter, heirs of
Deakins, William, heirs of
Edmonson, Elijah


116
south of 506
343


15
16
11
12
11
12
all

part 5 & imps.
feet on I street,

23
24
1
18
6
7
14
15
16
17
12 &imps.
all
4


Eckhart, Henry, heirs of 62 part 1 &imps.
Beginning for the same at the southeast corner of the lot, and
running thence, westwardly, with the line of Water street, 52
feet 6 inches; thence north, 37 feet I inch ; thence eastwardly,
51 feet; thence southwardly, 49 feet 9 inches, to the beginning.
English & Nevius 77 6

French, George 27 4
5
6
7
8
9
.79 3
Farrar, John M. 1048 11
13
14
Giusta, M. A. 268 6
7
Hilleary, Henry 83 2
Huntt, Samuel, and John Patterson S. of 104 8
Harris, Thomas 316 7
8
Hindman, William 83 3
Hayman, William 4 4
5
6 & imps.
7
8
15 6
254 part 20 & imps.
Water tax .
Being the east part, fronting 20 feet on F street, by the depth of
the lot.
291 part 11 &imps.
Being the east part, fronting 24 feet 4 inches on E street, and
extending the depth of the lot.


Sewer tax
Hines, Henry
Handy, Mary G.


Jones, William
Paving tax, on interest from
ixftt-. .V-


408
B

105
226


256
15th Jan. 1837


C -
D & imps.
E
B & imps.
22 & imps.

S3
F &imps.
part G & imps.
5


vv aer tax -
King, George 104 12
Kuhn, J. L. 57 5
6
80 3
King, Ralph, and Andrew Brady 387 19W
20
Kerr, Alexander, heirs of 288 part 6
Being the east part, fronting 24 feet 4 inches on G street, and
extending back the depth of the lot.
Paving tax, on interest from Jan. 1, 1837 -
Langtree & O'Sullivan 377 8 & imps.


Libby & Marden



Mason, John


705
Marshall, John and James, and James
H. Causten 219
Pump tax -


-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3 84


part 9
9
10
14*
15
8
9
10 & imps.
11 & imps.
3

1


Pump tax


40
36
22
14



















































8 10










39
78
71
85


27
25
15
10
3 54


1 96


2 07

57
57
2 07
3 32
2 56
)2 25
1 42
229
3 03
8 52


26 70


14 55
51 67
3 15
18 74
57 96


19 60


44 11
11 90
5 52
3 31
2 64
3 07
1 62
1 32



25 07


27
54
48
58


1837.


31 00
1 89
2 02
2 34
2 58
1 65
1 83
2 79
1 69
3 12

2 73


10 88








80 82








3 12
80 13
2 73
49 09

128 31

1 62
1 62
88
72



4 21
33
33
22
22
33
33
22
1 17
97
84
86
83
83


5 52
3 31
2 64
3 07
1 6"2
1 32
1 75


1838.


2 04
1 77
10 88
1 02
9 37

1 29
6 87
15 38
4 68
57
3 37


1 89
2 02
2 34
2 58
1 65
1 83
2 79
1 69
3 12

2 73




1 62
1 62
88
72
17 82


4 21
33
33
22
22
33
33
22
1 17
97
84
86
83
83
21 25

13 33


16
14
4 29
1 94
1 38
3 45
27
25
15
10
3 54
4 21
1 72

8 52




1 96


1 62
1 62
88
72
17 82


4 21
33
33
22
22
33
33
22
1 17
97
84
86
83
.83
21 25

13 33


16
14
4 29
1 94
1 38
3 45
27
25
15
10
3 54
4 21
1 72

8 52




1 9,1;

2 64
3 64
3 36
3 15
2 46
9 38
4 14
12
8
9
1 86
1 59
2 07
4 14
57
57
2 07
3 32
2 56
92 25
1 42
2 29
3 03
8 52



26 70


14 55
51 67
3 15
18 74
57 96

3 17
19 60
8 50
1 80


5 52
3 31
2 64
3 07
1 62
1 32
1 75


206 27

58 80
17 00




9 93
7 92
9 21
4 86
3 96


0

M 0

3 7
Xcc
0-



F-'
-





2 04

38 74
2 58

30 76
9 36
1 14



3 78
4 04
4 68
5 16
3 30
3 66
5 58
3 38

89 49

57 28



4 86
4 86
2 64
2 16




99
99
66
66
99
99
66
3 51
2 91
2 52
2 58
2 49
2 49





48
42
12 87
5 82


1 21
11
67
44










7 92
10 92
10 08
9 45
7 38
28 14
12 42
36
24
27

3 18

1 71
1 71

9 96
7 68
276 75
4 26
6 87
9 09

29 40


8 34


60 20


4 41

4 35

2 58
2 58
2 37
2 75

-2 39


Pump tax


Pump tax -


13 32


9 70

7 78


TEARS FOR WHICH TAXES ARE DUE.


TO WHOM ASSESSED.


Square.
McCutchen, John 123
Being the south part, fronting 79 feet 10 inches
and extending back the depth of the lot.
Orr, Benjamin G. heirs of 536
Nuisance tax -


Nuisance tax
Plater, Jno. R.



Pierce, Thomas
Queen, Nicholas L.


Lot.
part 4
on 20th street,

5


6

37 15
16
17
256 14
101 7
724 part 28 & imps.


20 25


3 84
3- a
48 59

20 25
3 84
5 632


4 08
3 54
48 59



43 36
13 74


41 26


115 19










180 35


146 31



14 52
35 64


12 63






5 94



11 52

4 98
42 50

26 66



90


Smith, Fleet W. 172
Smith, Fleet 77
Smith, John A. 506
378 part
Being the east part of said lot, fronting 21 feet 1
street, and extending back the depth of the lot.
Snowden, Nicholas 285


Tuel, Patrick
Thompson, Joseph

Travers, Nicholas


322
143

36


1834.





1 77

3 43






4 79


1835.


1 77

3 43






4 79




1 98


12
2
9
all
7
inch on D

21
22
23
10 & imps.
3
4
7
9


Venable, Charles, heirs of 905 part & imps.
Beginning for the same at the southwest corner of the square,
and running north on 7th street 41 feet, thence east 78 feet 1
inch, thence south 26 feet, thence southwest 40 feet, to Virginia
avenue, thence with said avenue westwardly 69 feet to beginning.
Wilson, Jonathan 56 11-
88 14
White, John B. 348 west half 12 & imps.
White, Ambrose 691 part 1 & imps.
Being the south part, fronting 25 feet on New Jersey avenue,
and 129 feet 9 inches on D street.
Woodward, Cynthia 824 1
11 & imps.
Watkins, Julius, heirs of 166 west half 2
Wilson, John A., Offa, and others 319 part 3
Beginning for the same at the distance of 25 feet from the south-
west corner of the lot, and running east, on the line of G street,
35 feet, thence north 80 feet, thence west 35 feet, thence south
to beginning.
part 4
Warren, Joseph 216 sub. 4
Ward, Ulysses 29 5
a 427 part 8
Being the east part of the lot, having a front of 56 feet, and ex-
tending back the depth of the lot.


Y

C


B


,5 23





3 30




7 92


oung, Henry N. 355 sub. 12
390 18
orcoran, W. W. 20 18
100 half 25
141 10
ank of the United States, west of 4 1 & imps.
44 2
3
254 part 25 & imps.
Being the north part of the lot, fronting 22 feet 6 inches on 13th
street, by the depth of the lot.


2 76
2 25




5 40
75






109
, 19


1836.





1 21

2 34

1 11
93
51
3 93
2 16
3 27



4 83
1 35
21 16
2 71
100 31



82
1 62
5 43


1 12
1 12
1 12

4 12
4 12


11 58


1837.


1 05


1 21
40 62
2 34
71 12
111
93
51
3 93
2 16
3 27



4 83
1 35

2 71

15 25
6 33
5 08
82
1 62
5 43
3 24


1 12
1 12
1 12
9 56
4 12
4 12
91
87
11 58




1 38
1 36
5 61

3 57


1 62
10 15
2 76
2 25




5 40
75
1 54
2 94


2 34
68
60
19
3 07
21 21
1 02
92
36 54


1 38
1 36
5 61
3 57


1 62
10, 15
2 76
2 25




5 40
, 75
1 54
2 94


2 34
68
60
19
3 07
21 21
1 02
92
36 54


S
Q.
H-
020
'5


1838.


1 05


1 21

2 34

1 11
93
51
3 93
2 16
3 27



4 83
1 35

2 71


6 33
5 08
82
1 62
5 43
3 24


1 12
1 12
1 12
9 56
4 12
4 12
91
87
11 58


For 1833. $8 29.
Being the north part of the lot, fronting 32 feet on 2d street,
and extending back 115 feet.
Rench, Jacob, and Lodowick Young 122 11
Riddle, Joseph 517 19
Paving tax, on interest from 15th January, 1837
Rodbird, Absalom, heirs of 530 12 & imps.
Paving tax, on interest from 15th January, 1837 -
Tax for removing nuisance 1
Reynolds, Joseph 347 part 11


0 2






2 10


139 79


19
6
27


14 49

27 19


123 69

22 82
2 46
4 80

22 77




10 08
19 12

24 72

3 56
34 74


23 54
8 28


12 66
10 16


16 29
6 48


3 36
3 36
3 36

12 36
12 36
1 82
1 74




4 14
4 08




3 24
20 30

10 05




24 12





4 68
1 36
1 80
57
6 14
42 42
2 04
1 84
73 08


Sale to commence at 11 o'clock A. M.
sept 7-ws A. ROTHWELL, Collector.


7T HREE HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.
Absconded from the subscriber on the 17th ultimo, ne-
gro servant ALFRED; and, some days previous, JtRRY.
They are brothers-Alfred about q3 years old, and Jerry 21',
both of small stature and black. Alfred has a peculiar stammer
and twitch of body when suddenly questioned ; his clothing
blue roundabout and striped cloth pantaloons. Jerry gray pan-
taloons and drab jacket; no doubt each had and took with him
other clothes; they have a manumitted father in Washington,
by name Peter Johnson. I will give a reward of $50 if taken
within ten miles of the Capitol ; 8100 if over ten ; and the
above reward if in Pennsylvania, or any free State, and all
reasonable expenses for lodging them in Washington jail so
that I get them again. All persons are hereby warned against
harboring or employing them. One-half of the aforegoing re-
ward for either of them. NOTLEY MADDOX,
ap 4-wcp&2awdtf Prince George's county, Md.
ONE HUN DRED DOLLARS REWARD.-Ran
away, on the 11th May last, my negro man MOSES. He
is about 25 years of age, dark completed, active, and well-
formed, and is supposed to be about yix feet high ; has a small
scar on one side of his face, near the ear, occasioned from a
burn when he was small. He was hired to Mr. Sheckelford, in
Charlotte Hall, Saint Mary's county, Maryland, whom he left.
A few days previous to his departure he was whipped, by order
of a justice of the peace, for stealing, and it is supposed it indu-
ced him to run away, being ashamed to see his mistress again.
He was seen in Prince George's county, near the District, a
few days before Whitsuntide, and perhaps may be now in Wash-
ington, unless he has made his way for a free State.
I will give the above reward, if taken out of the District or
State of Maryland, and fifty dollars if taken in the District or
State of Maryland. In either case he must be secured so that
I get him again.
Any communication relative to him must be addressed to me
near Georgetown, D. C. or to Harrison Posey, near Charlotte
Hall, Saint Mary's county, Maryland.


june 1l-cptf


ANN POSEY,
Montgomery county, Md.


fliVE HUNDRED DOLLARS RIEWARID.-
Ran away from the subscribers, living in and near Mid-
dleburg, Loudoun county, Virginia, on Whitsunday, the 19th
inrist. the following slaves, viz.
FRANK, a farming hand, about 35 years old, about 5 feet 10
inches high, of very black complexion, rather surly, and down
look when spoken to, has lost three or four of his front teeth;
has a'sore leg occasionally, which produces lameness. His
clothing was blue cloth close coat, with metal buttons, and blue
cloth pantaloons; he also had brown striped and drab fulledlin-
sey pantaloons; all his clothing about half worn.
GEORGE, a blacksmith, about 23 years old, very black,
about 6 feet high, stout built, but not fleshy, stoops a little in
the shoulders, and is awkward in his movements ; has'a down
look when spoken to, thick lips, and has an oval face, with high
cheek bones; his clothing was blue cloth coat, partly worn, new
gray cassinem pantaloons; other articles not recollected.
PHJLLIS,a copper colored negro woman, about 22 years old,
of coarse features, stout and tall in her form, her lips thick,'and
has a knot on one of her wrists.
ALCE, sister to the above girl, about 20 years old, rather
yellow, and not so stout as Phillis, is well formed, and features
not so coarse, has thick lips, and shows her upper teeth pretty
much when she laughs. They had both good home-made linsey
and cotton dresses, also of white cambric and calico, and blue
and white gingham sun-bonnets, shoes, stockings, &c.
These people all went off without the slightest provocation,
and have no doubt made towards the Northern States.
The above reward will be given for their apprehension and
safe-keeping, so that we get them again, if taken north of
Pennsylvania; four hundred dollars it taken and secured in
Pennsylvanii; three hundred dollars if taken in Maryland;
and two hundred dollars if taken in Virginia ; and in the same
proportion for taking one or more of them.
JOHN P. H. SHORT,
may 24-cp2awtf JESSE McVEIGH.
EW ENGLISH BOOKS.-This day received and
l for sale by F. TAYLOR,
The Arabian Nights Entertainments, London edition, 1839, il-
lustrated by many hundred engravings on wood, from designs
by Harvey.
Ritter's History of Ancient Philosophy, translated from the
German by Morrison, of Trinity College, Cambridge, 3 vols.
Templeton's Engineers' Common-place Book of Practical
Reference, 1 small volume. .14
Adcock's Rules and Data for Railways, the Steam Engine,
Canals, &c.
The Phenomena and Order of the Solar System, by Profes-
sor Nichol, of Glasgow University, 1 vol.
The Pictorial Edition of the Beok of Common Prayer, con-
taining many hundred beautiful illustrations.
Rhind on the Age of the Earth, considered Geologically and
Historically, 1 vol.
Clarke's Riches of Chaucer. 1 vol.


A FIRST-RATE FAMILY MARE FOR SALE.
I have for sale a beautiful bay M;jre, 7 years old, well
broken to harness or saddle, warranted perfectly sound in
every particular, and without a fault. She may be tried by
any person wishing to purchase, and would admirably suit a
gentleman residing in the country, or to draw a family carriage
in town. She is remarkably easy to Aceep, andias gentle au
a lam b. 1
The owner wishes to dispose of her because he has more
stock than he can use at present; Apply to
J. F. CALLAN,
sept 7-7th 11 th& 14th Seventh street.
M ORUS MULTICAULIS.-I have now growing at
my farm (one mile from Richmond, on the railroad lead-
ing to Fredericksburg) 60,000 Trees, the produce of old roots,
measuring in height from 9 to 11 feet, and in circumference
near the ground 31 inches. They are offered to those disposed
to purchase at 4 cents the double cutting, or 2 cents for each
eye or bud-or by the tree, at a corresponding price, adding on
the value of the root. The price will not vary until after the
middle of September, when it will advance. Early applica-
tions are advised.
TERMS : Cash on delivery of the trees, er slips, which will
be in all November.
I have also for sale' 5,000 or 6,000 trees raised from the
Spring planting of slips, now 5 feet high. To insure suc-
cess in the cultivation of the Morus Multicaulis, it is.necessarv
to procure slips from roots 2, 3, or more years old. In such,
the ligneous fibre is more perfectly formed, which enables
them to withstand the vicissitudes of our Spring weather,
and they are considered by experienced growers to be treble
the value of all others. Apply (post paid) to
DANIEL N. NORTON,
Magnolia, near Richmond, Virginia.
To one who wishes to engage extensively in tfie culture of
the tree and manufacture of silk, the possession of such a
growth as above described is a matter of first importance, as
the like, in all probability, cannot he purchased elsewhere on
any terms.
N. B. The smaller eyes on the lateral shoots will be taken
off, and not estimatedrin the count. D. N. N.
aug 28-tl5thSep2aw
A VALUABLE TAN YARD, &c. FOR RENT,
at Harper's Ferry, Va.-This Tan-Yard, with all its ap-
pendages, is offered for rent. It is supposed to be one of the
best locations in Virginia for carrying on the Tanning business
on an extensive scale, as there is ample room. A number of vats
are under cover. It has every necessary building. The yard is
furnished with water, and the bark ground by water power.
An abundance of bark can be got convenient at a fair price, and
a great number of hides can be procured at the place, as there
is no tannery within several miles of it. There is also every
facility for getting hides from the cities, and for sending them
off when tanned, either by the rail-road or canal. Another in-
ducement to a renter is, that a large quantity of leather is used
at the Ferry in the course of a year Immediate possession can
be given.
Jan 12-eowtf HUGH GILLEECE & CO.
HEAP BOOKS.-Hume and Smollett's England, a
C beautiful London edition, in full binding; price 87 50.
Gibbon's Decline and Fall, a beautiful English edition, in full
binding, with portrait; price $6 50.
Rev. Mathew Henry's Sermons and complete miscellaneous
works, English edition; price $6, (London price 30 shillings
sterling.)
For sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also, just received, Robertson's Historical Works, complete
in one large octavo volume, (London.)
Milton's Prose Works, complete in one large octavo volume,
(London.)
Burke's complete works, two volumes octavo, (London.)
o TEACHERS OF SCHOOLS.-W. FISCHER
has constantly on hand the most extensive assortment of
Stationery that is kept for sale in the District, embracing every
article used in schools, all of which may be had on the best
terms at Stationers' Hall. july 23
T EW BOOKS.-The American Lounger, or Tales,
Sketches, and Legends gathered in sundry journeyings,
by the author of Lafitte," &c. in two volumes 12mo.
Also, Precaution, by the author of" The Spy," &c. Just re-
ceived and for sale at


july 1--3t


GARRET ANDERSON'S,
Penn. Av. between 11th and 12th streets.


W HEATLY ON COMMON PRAYER.-Illus-
tration of the Book of Common Prayer, by Charles
Wheatly, Vicar of Brent and Pelham, England, I vol. Ameri-
can edition, improved by additions and notes, adapting the book
to the Protestant Episcopal Church of America, just received
for sale by
iu,,tu PTAYOTR.


I L- _~l-s- 131 1 = I -~


47 79

85 00
3 33
2 79
1 53
11 79


6 04


8 51



119 38


18 69
4 14
6 90



3 43
10 62
8 42
3 44

17 04




5 88






86 31


87


3 42
6 21

















894 71
6 34

75 80


59 61
24 66


27 06

8-82



-27 32

106 80


26 70 80 10










NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE

NORTHERN NATIONS OF EUROPE-THE
POLES, RUSSIANS, &c.

POLANDt : This term is supposed by the best authorities
to have_9ome from an original word signifying a plain ;"
therefore, as a national name, Poles means People of the
Plains. The term primitively was relative as to Germany,
Bohemia, Silesia, Moravia, and Hungary, all countries
more or less mountainous, whilst from the Carpathians the
regions eastward spread out into immense plains, which
extend thence to tile Uralian system.
The Poles, by name, did not appear in history before
about A. D. 950, and the first date in its individual histo-
ry, and which is clearly established, was the introduction
of Christianity into that country, at the instigation of Dam-
browka, wife of Mieczislass 1, then Grand Duke. This
great event took place in A. D. 966, and soon afterwards
the first bishop was installed, and drew his title from Posen.
" Christianity," says Koch, did not, however, immedi-
ately tame the ferocious habits of the Poles, who remained
for a long time without the least progress in mental culti-
vation. No writer of this nation is known anterior to Vin-
cent Kadlubec, Bishop of Cracow, who died in 1223. His
Historia Polona was first printed and published in 1612."*
Poland, as a distinct State, began by the kingdom of
Lechia, of which Gnesna was the capital. In its obscure in-
fancy, the Poles formed gradually a regular Government,
in part of what is now Prussian Poland. The material
were Sclavon tribes known as inhabitants oft.he country as
early as the age of Charlemagne. Its first King was Bo-
leslaus the Great, but his title was First King of Lechia,
and not King of Poland; and, as a dependent member of
the German empire, he received the latter dignity by grant of
the Emperor Otho III, in these terms, King of the Po-
lans, [inhabitants of the plains,] and Protector of all the
Sclavons."t Boleslaus was authorized to subjugate and
convert to Christianity all the Pagans. How far he ful-
filled the latter part of his commission does not very clearly
appear, but his conquests extended over much of the large
country then called Chrobatia, embracing nearly what was
recently Southern Poland. To his ancient kingdom of Le.
chia he gave the title of Great Poland, and to his new con
quests that of Little Poland; the seat of his Government
he removed from Gnesna to Cracow, ard thus formed thai
kingdom we have recently seen disappear from the list o
nations.
The relations of Germany with Poland introduced some
germes of the feudal system, so intimately interwoven in the
policy of Western Europe; but amongst a barbarous peo
pie no regular policy could be very stable. The first raci
of Polish monarchs, known by the patronymic of Piasts
or Piases, the descendants of Mieczislaus I, reigned unti
1370, at the death of Casimir the Great. In a review, ne
cessarily brief, all of importance relating to any country
cannot be even noticed, much less discussed; but, in a gene
rat view of Poland, we cannot omit the early rise of anoth
er German Power, along and contiguous to the Baltic
known to the present time as Prussia. By name, neither
Prussia nor Prussians were known in history before the end
of the tenth century. Tacitus, and, long after his time
the writers of the middle ages, preceding the tenth century
seem to have included under the general term Esthonians
many tribes along the Baltic, including the Prussians
The author of the Life of St. Adelbert, of Prague, firs
mentions the Prusci, or Prussians, in 997. Malte Brun
commences his account of the Prussians by stating tha
"the ancient Estyi, Venedi, and Guttones, formed before
t, he tenth century a mixed Wendo-Gothic people called
Prucszi. The original language of this mixed people was
a dialect of the Lithuanian."
Though German colonies at a very early period were es
tablished in Prussia, and some germes of Christianity were
introduced, it was not until early in the thirteenth century
that the Abbe of Oliva became the apostle of Prussia, an
its Arst bishop, by appuintaent of Pope Innocent III, in
1215. Finding this peile averse to the new doctrines
Pope Honorius III, in 1218, published a crusade against
-them, avowedly to either proselyte or destroy them %'itl
the sword. Armies of crusaders poured into the country
and with them the Poles of Masovia made common cause
In retaliation, the enraged Prussians poured into infant Po
land, over which they spread blood, fire, and ruin. It wat
at this eventful epoch that, in order to gain protection
against the Prussians, Conrad, Duke of Masovia, called t(
his aid the Teutonic knights, and made to them a perpetu
al grant of the territory of Culm, and the promise ofsucl
lands as they might jointly conquer from the common ene
my. This compact, which laid the foundation of the Prus
sian monarchy, was formed in 1226, and being confirm
by Frederick II, Emperor of Germany, the knights, in 1230
came into possession, and gradually of all Prussia, by ai
almost utter extinction of its ancient inhabitants.
Some writers have expressed much wonder at the fact o
the Teutonic knights having so completely subjugated o
destroyed a warlike people, but the causes are very simple
The knights, though comparatively few in number, wer
also warlike and' disciplined. The experience gained ii
Asia was used in Prussia. The natives were divided ii
mutually hostile tribes, and were rather ferocious thai


really warlike. The knights advanced cautiously, and se
cured their acquisitions by forts and cities, and were almost
constantly aided by recruits of crusaders from Germany
Bohemia, and Poland. Konigsberg, on the Pregel, nov
capital of Polish Prussia, was founded in 1255, and sup
posed to have derived its name from Ottacer II, King o
Bohemia, who headed an army of crusaders, and assisted
the Teutonic knights to secure the country in which it is
situated. With all their advantages, however, it was no
until 1283 that the conquest of all Prussia was effected
which was effected by their gaining possession of Sudavia
the last of the eleven provinces composing ancient Prussia
Marienburg, which became the capital of the order, wa
founded in 1280, on the Nogat, an outlet of the Vistula.
Thus, to the northward of Poland proper, a German
power was established before the end of the thirteenth cen
tury, and which, often in war with both Lithuania an,
Poland, survived them both, and remains amongst the mos
enlightened nations of modern times. Few subjects can
be more attractive than Prussia, but at present we mus
pursue our immediate topic, Poland.
Whilst German colonies and subsequently German
power were extending along the Baltic, Poland was parcel
led out amongst numerous dukes of the Piast family. A
the death of Boleslaus II, 1138, his eldest son was let
nominally supreme monarch, and in possession of Cracow
the capital. Acting the tyrant, his tributary brothers ex
pulled him in their own defence; he, however, and his fa
mily, retained Silesia, then regarded as a part of Poland
The country continued in a state of anarchy, and, as al
ready noticed, Conrad, Duke of Masovia, fixed the Teu
tonic knights in Prussia, by ceding to them the territory;
of Culm, in 1230. This source of discord was soon fol
lowed by an immediate and overwhelming calamity. Th
Mongols, having overrun Russia in 1240, rushed into and
took possession of Poland. Having defeated the Poles a
Schiedlow, they took possession of Cracow, and their
marched to Lignitz, in Silesia, where they met and defeat.
ed a numerous army of crusaders, under Henry, Duke o
Breslaw, who fell in the battle. Silesia and Moravia wer
ravaged, but here was the western term of their destruc
*;wa inrnatd.a' Trhah, the M'antvol remainei lIna nfteor


edition of Poland, added to the general disruption of society,
was no doubt the primary cause why German conquests
and colonization were so easily made and permanently es-
tablished. The petty princes of the country were obliged,
if not to call, at least to admit foreign colonies. These
Teutonic colonists were, in the early ages of their resi-
dence, east of the Carpathian mountains, called POLES, or
residents on the Plains, as distinguished from the Sclavons,
orf indigenous inhabitants. In process of time the term
Pole became common to all the inhabitants of those coun-
tries, until intermingled with the' Russians. But the Ger-
mans towards the Baltic, on the basins of the Vistula and
Niemen, retained the language, religion, manners, and in-
stitutions of Germany ; nor was the retention of German
manners and customs peculiar to Prussia, but in a conside-
rable degree prevailed in nearly all the towns of both Great
and Little Poland, creating a marked-and durable distinc-
tion, which had a very great influence on the entire future
history of Poland, as it prevented the formation of a homo-
geneous nation.
In this age of misgovernment and disintegration, a com-
bination of unexpected events contributed to a momentary
though partial consolidation of Poland. Four of the dukes,
who held independent sway over different provinces, died
without heirs in one year, 1295, ard their states passed, by
right of succession, to the Grand Duke of Cracow, Vladis-
laus Lohietek, who then took the title of king. At the
same time a warrior and legislator, he defeated the Bohe-
mians and the Teutonic knights, and abolished or greatly
reduced the privileges of those powerful families who had
usurped independent authority in times of anarchy. His
son, Cassimir the Great, continued his father's system, and
constituted Poland on apparently a stable base. He en-
couraged learning, and founded the University of Cracow.
r He also gave a code of laws to Poland. The nobility, it
r would appear from this code, were not then a privileged
body, as they are not distinctly named; but, from the tenor
of Polish history, we may suspect that the serfs were alto-
I gether overlooked, and that the nobility then formed the
political nation.
When we scan the history of the Middle Ages, arid take
a view, separately, of any European nation, it would ap-
s pear that hereditary monarchy was the only means that
enabled any government which embraced a large extent of
- country to assume and maintain permanency.- And again,
t that the monarch and people, united, had to maintain, eve-
t rywhere, an unremitting struggle with a class called nobi-
f lity. In Poland, from peculiar circumstances, these anta-
gonist principles in society produced effects which in the
e end subverted the nation.
e The saving institution of hereditary monarchy rose in
- every section of Europe gradually; in Poland it was pre-
e vented from taking firm root from a singular chain of ad-
, verse events. Cassimir the Great had no children, and of
1 course the principle of hereditary succession, so precious
- in those ages, was interrupted in its influence most as
soon as adopted. The foresight of Cassimir provided, as
- far as in his power, for the emergency, by calling to the
- succession his sister's son, Louis of Hungary, who, being
, resented to the states of Poland by the reigning monarch,
r was received under the acknowledged principle of heredit-
d ary right. Cassimir III, the Great, died in 1370, and in
1380 his successor died, also without male heirs, leaving
the crown to his daughter, the so justly celebrated HED-
WIGA.
We may here pause for a moment to contemplate the il-
t lusory provisions made by human wisdom, and draw our re-
n flections from the, in that respect, rich history before us.
t BPy the dispositions of Cassimir the Great, John, Duke of
e Esclavonia, and his posterity, were to succeed to the crown
d of Poland, provided Louis died without children-an event
s which actually took place; therefore the destinies of this
ill-fated kingdom were exposed to all the evils of a change
of dynasty and a new election. Louis, before his death,
e with much difficulty, and great fiscal exemptions in favor
y of the nobility, secured the choice to Hedwiga, with the
d stipulation that the nation was to choose her a husband, or,
E in other words, elect a king.
We cannot now, without regret, review the character of
t Hedwiga, so far above her nation and beyond her age.
h Descended, by her mother, from Louis IX, King of
France-beautiful as a woman, but also bold and intrepid
as a sovereign, her name stands in history as one we can-
not repeat without love and admiration, and one which her
s own nation delights to clothe in all that the most glowing
n expressions of language can afford. This great woman
o sacrificed the fondest hopes of her heart to her country.
Attached to her cousin, the young Duke William of Aus-
h tria, Hedwiga consented to unite herself to Jagellon, Grand
Duke of Lithuania, deformed and barbarous as he was,
in order to contribute, by that means, to the union of Po-
d land and Lithuania, and to introduce Christianity into the
latter country. The political union of the two countries,
n and the progress of Christianity, had many obstacles to en-
counter and overcome. At the marriage of O.ueen Hed-
f wiga with Duke Jagellon, the latter assumed the Polish
r name of Vladislaus V. Their joint dominions then em-
braced the wide region from the Carpathian mountains to
e the sources of the Dwina. They had on the northward
n the German colonies towards the Baltic; Russia to the
n eastward; barbarous, almost savage, Tartar tribes south-
n ward, and the German Empire westward.


S In Selavonic Europe, as amongst those nations much
t more advanced in civilization in Western Europe, the rein-
, tegration of states had to contend with barbarism, and all
' its consequent tendency to produce anarchy, and reproduce
" political dissolution. The personal union of Jagellon and
f Hedwiga, and the nominal union of their respective states,
d were formed in 1836, and ought to have enchained the two
s states in one bond of union, and to have ultimately melted
t the people of both into one nation; which salutary conse-
, quences were never, to any great extent, realized. The
a, inhabitants remained distinct, and continue so, and the
consequences will be noticed in my next.


TACITUS.

A FINE LITTLE FELLOW.-In the Criminal Court, at
Philadelphia, the other day, a small boy wasobjected to as
a witness, on account of his extreme youth. When ask-
ed, Do you know the nature of an oath V" Yes," he re-
plied. What is it ?" That thou shalt not bear false
witness against thy neighbor." Ho! all ye witnesses,
learn of this boy, and be wise.

Ex-SHERIFF PARKINS AGAIN.-The New York Express
says: Mr. Parkins seems doomed to trouble. Yesterday,
in the Marine Court, a squabble took place, in which Mr.
P. was a prominent actor. He had a suit, it seems, in the
Court, in which he was defendant. During its progress,
two Sheriff's officers, who had a Recorder's warrant against
him, entered the Court, and attempted to make him pris-
oner. Parkins floored the officer, and this led to a general
fight; but order was at length restored, when he was tak-
en to the police office. There one of the officers swore an
assault and battery against him, for which he was held to
bail in the sum of $200. Mr. P. gave the required securi-
ty, and was discharged."
ATTESTING A RECRUIT.-On Monday, a bouchel, fresh
from the spade, *as brought before the sitting magistrate
at the police office, Cork, to be attested to serve in the East
India Company's service, when the following colloquy en-
sued between him and the magistrate:
Bench. Are you willing to serve in her Majesty's East India
Company's service Recruit. I am, sir. Bench. Now you
are going to swear, and repeat what I say to you. Recruit.
Repeat what you say, sir. Bench. Repeat after me. Recruit.
Repeat after me, sir. Bench. Ah, you stupid fellow! Recruit.
Ah, you stupid fellow, sir. [Laughter.] Bjnch. Be silent, and


WASHINGTON.
"Liberty and Union,now and forever, one and
Inseparable."

SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1839.


THE WESTERN WATERS.
From Wheeling we learn, from a correspon-
dent, that on Saturday and Sunday last heavy
rains fell, in consequence of which, from a very
low stage, the river rose so fast that on Tuesday
morning, at 6 o'clock, there were eight and a
half feet water in the channel, and the river was
still rising rapidly.

MONEY AFFAIRS.
We have great pleasure in communicating to
our readers the information contained in.the fol-
lowing article from the Philadelphia United,
States Gazette (good authority on all subjects)
of the date of Thursday, September 12:
After we had written the article on the news,
we had an opportunity of ascertaining the con-
tents of several letters written in London at the
latest possible hour for the Great Western. A
sale of 8,000 bales of cotton had been made
'that day, at an advance, and the market was
'good. The harvest was considered as a fair
'crop ; and one merchant who sent out his or-
'der by the Liverpool for the purchase of flour,
countermanded the order, and added that, if
any had been purchased, it should be sold, if
( necessary, at fifty cents less per barrel. This
is a pretty strong proof that the complexion of
affairs on the 23d of August was much better
'than on the 1st of that month, and there can
be no doubt but it is improving.
One remark may be made on the grain news
from the Continent. There the harvest is good,
excepting at the North ; and should it fail there,
and England need a small foreign supply, the
demand must be on the United States, which
could be made without gold from England,
while it would be equal to gold from our country.
The news is every way as good as any one
could expect, for the particular season."

Mr. CLAY.-The Lewisburg Enquirer of Fri-
day, the 6th instant, says: "On Monday last
Mr. CLAY arrived at the White Sulphur Springs,
where he was most cordially greeted by a num-
'ber of his distinguished friends, among them
BENJAMIN WATKINS LEIGH, Esq. who has been
'sojourning at the springs for some time past.
Mr. Clay appealed to be in most excellent
'health, having apparently recovered from the
effects of his fatiguing and exciting journey to
'the North. He left the springs on Wednes-
day evening last for Guyandotte." '

A majority of the Court of Inquiry that inves-
tigated the charges against Commodore ELLIOTT
have recommended that he be tried by a Naval
Court Martial-Commodore STEWART dissent-
ing.-Phil. Paper.

Very few readers in this country, compara-
tively speaking, keep in their memories any
clear or accurate history of the various muta-
tions that take place in the South American
States. We generally have a confused remem-
brance of revolutions, riots, battles, and changes;
but we see things, as it were, through a haze.
The last information from one of the republics-
as we have already published-Buenos Ayres-
is, the assassination of the President of the Se-
nate in his chair by an armed mob! All this is
the effect of the want of solid constitutional
government, and the absence of regulated liber-
ty-joined to the peculiar character of the
people. How enviable the condition of these
UNITED STATES when compared with the state
and prospects of the disunited South American
republics! Republics, indeed, only in name;
and, for the most part, nothing but military des-
potisms !-Alex. Gazette.

There is an article in the Harrisburg Report.
er, the official organ of the Pennsylvania Loco-
foco Administration, which strikes us as singu-
larly amusing. We are obliged," it says, to
'announce again that not a dollar of the State
loan has been bid for, although the chartered
'capital of our Pennsylvania banks is more
'than sixty millions of dollars, and their issues oi
'notes more than three times that amount, ac-
cording to what they deem safe rules ofbanking.
'It will, however, yet be taken ; or else the
'other alternative must follow, that the utility oe
uprightness of the existing institutions will be
questioned by all parties."
What! the men who loudly demand that the


Federal Government shall not deposit a single
dollar of the public money in the hands of banks;
that their notes shall not be used to pay the pub-
lic expenses ; that they are rags, privileged frauds;
that the directors are not to be trusted-do ad-
mit then that there is a possibility these banks
may be useful and upright; the alternative, how-
ever, on which they will make this admission is
too good-the banks must lend them their mo-
ney. We have no doubt the banks might silence
every foul-mouthed assailant in the same way.
We applaud the course of the Pennsylvania
banks in the present critical state of the money
market. If they have money to lend, it is theii
duty and their interest to lend it on individual
security, and thus support the industrious class.
es in their various pursuits, at a time of seveti
trial. It is for this purpose they were instituted
It is for this reason individuals have invested ca-
pital in their stocks; and, besides, individual se-
curities, at comparatively short dates, and gra.
dually falling due, are a far more eligible invest-
ment for bank issues than Government stocks
having a long period of time to run. The form-
er may be curtailed if the exigency of the mo.
ment require it; the latter is a dead weight or
them, happen what may.-N. Y. Cou. and Enq

The following paragraph is from the Londor
Times of the 16th:
In a letter from our Paris correspondent, published ir
the Times of the 1st instant, it was stated that a negotia
tion was in progress between the French Government am


THE MARYLAND ELECTION.

Our news from nearly every district in this
State is cheering and encouraging. The follow-
ing, from one of the adjacent districts, assures
us of the re-election of the talented Whig mem-
ber by whom it is represented :
FROM THE CARROLLTONIAN, (MD.)
THE FIFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT.-In addition to
the two candidates heretofore announced, the name of Dr.
WASHINGTON DUVALL, of Montgomery, one of the 19 re-
cusant electors, has been added as a candidate for Con-
gress.
Dr. DUVALL has had his name announced at this late
period under the delusive hope that the Whigs were so di-
vided in the district that he could secure his election by a
minority of the votes. But the stratagem will fail. It
would have failed if there had been really a division of sen-
timent in the Whig ranks. But there was none. For the
able and distinguished manner in which Mr. WM. COST
JOHNSON acquitted himself on the floor of Congress, dur-
ing the last three sessions, has united every Whig in this
county, and we believe in the Congressional District, with
hardly an exception, in his ardent support. And to the
union which existed before in the determination to give
Mr. JOHNSON the entire Whig vote, will now be added
a zeal to bring out the entire Whig strength, which will
secure his election by a very large majority-a majority
which we confidently expect will be increased beyond the
real Whig majority, (which is very large,) as it is well
known that Mr. JOHNSON is not obnoxious to the vindic-
tive hostility of those with whom he differs in opinion. But
at all events we can assure our readers that neither secret
nor open hostility to Mr. JOHNSON will, in the slightest de-
gree, shake the firm and large majority now united, and
which daily, we believe, is increasing in his favor.

THE WESLEYAN CENTENARY CONFERENCE.-The Con-
ference of the Wesleyan Society, recently held at Liver-
pool, was one of uncommon interest to that body. The
Rev. ROBERT NEWTON, one of the most distinguished di-
vines of the present day, was requested by the Conference
to be its representative at the General Conference of the
Methodist Episcopal Church, to be held at Philadelphia,
in May next. The centenary fund amounts to more than
one million of dollars,-of this sum four hundred and
ninety-four thousand Jive hundred and ninety-two dollars,
or nearly one-half of the entire subscription, have been
paid to the general treasurer.
WHITEFIELD CENTENARY.-There was present at this
centenary a man named Richard Poulson, at the advanced
age of 103 years, who had heard Whitefield preach on the
same spot a century before, having been taken there by his
mother.
NAVAL.-The OHIO ship-of-the-line, and a corvette of
the United States Navy, were, on the 25th July, off Malta.
Immediately after receiving letters brought by the French
Levant packet, they sailed for, it was believed, the Darda-
nelles.
LATEST FROM NEW ORLEANS.
REPORT OF THE CHARITY HOSPITAL, SEPT. 4, 1839.
Admitted, 28
Fever, 23
Deaths up to 9 p. m. 11
Interments at the Bayou cemetery, yesterday, 29 ; 7 from
the hospital-23 were of yellow fever. At the Protestant
cemetery 2, both of yellow fever.

MILITARY INTELLIGENCE.

RECRUITING STATIONS, SEPTEMBER, 1839.
GENERAL SERVICE.
Lieut. J. L. Donaldson, 1st artillery, Boston.
Lieut. R. D. A. Wade, 3d do Hartford, Conn.
Capt. H. Bainbridge, 3d infantry, New York.
Lieut. R. H. Ross, 7th do )
Lieut. A. C. Myers, 4th do Albany.
Lieut. R. Allen, 2d artillery, Utica, N. Y.
Lieut. W. G. Freeman, 4th do Syracuse, N. Y.
Major W. M. Graham, 4th infantry, Philadelphia.
Capt. F. Lee, 7th do Pittsburg.
Lieut. W. Chapman, 5th do Baltimore.
Capt. G. Andrews, 6th do Newport, Ky.
Lieut. J. M. Scott, 1st do Louisville.
REGIMENTAL SERVICE.
Second Dragoons.
Lieut. R. B. Lawton. Boston.


Capt. L. J. Beall,
Capt. E. D. Bullock,
Lieut. G. A. H. Blake,
Capt. E. S. Winder,
Lieut. R. C. Asheton,
Lieut. C. Ker,
First Artillery.
Lieut. B. H. Hill,
Capt. J. Dimick,
Lieut. W. E. Aisquith,
Lieut. E. A. Capron,


New York.
Albany.
Philadelphia.
Baltimore.
Fort McHenry.
New Orleans.
Bangor, Me.
Portsmouth, N. H.
Jamaica, L. I.
Plattsburg.


Second Artillery.
Capt. A. Lowd, Rochester, N. Y.
Lieut. E. D. Townsend, Buffalo.
Lieut. F. Woodbridge, Detroit.
Fourth Artillery.
Capt. W. W. Morris, Newark, N. J.
Fifth Infantry.
Lieut. D. Ruggles, St. Louis.
Lieut. J. H. Whipple, Jefferson Barracks.
Eighth Infantry.
Capt. E. B. Birdsall, Avon, N. Y.
Lieut. G. Lincoln, Ithaca, N. Y.
Lieut. I. V. D. Reeve, Cleveland, 0.
Lieut. D. Ruggles, 5th infantry, arrived at Foit Craw-
ford on the 14th August, with 25 recruits.
[Army c. Navy Chronicle.

The barque George Bedford, Capt. KEATING, from New
York, with lime on board, while going up in tow of the steamer
Hudson to New Orleans, on the 3d instant, about 11 o'clock,
was found to be on fire. So rapid was the progress of the flames,
bursting suddenly from the hatches, fore and aft, that the tow
boat was forced to cast off, and let the Bedford drift. All on
board escaped, but saved none of their clothing. In fifteen mi-
nutes after drifting ashore she was a mass of flames.
NORFOLK, SEPTEMBER 11.
SHIPWRECK AND Loss OF LIFE.-Captain Nelson, late of
the schooner Protector, of Philadelphia, arrived here on Mon-
day evening last, and communicated the loss of his vessel. He
sailed from Philadelphia with a cargo of coal bound to Wash-
ington city, and encountered the late gale, in which he lost
flying-jib and foresail, and split the mainsail badly ; and also lost
deck load. Being to the southward of the Capes, he bore away
for Ocracock to refit, and received a pilot on board at 5 P. M.
1st instant, and in one or two hours after the vessel struck on
Jarvis's and Brown's Shoal, at the entrance of Ocracock-wind
fresh from N. E. During the night the wind blew heavy from
the same quarter, and the sea broke over the vessel with so
much violence that the boat, with every moveable article, was
swept from the deck, and in fifteen minutes after the vessel
filled with water.
The crew remained in the rigging until 2 P. M. the next day,
when the schooner went to pieces, and the crew were compel-
led to abandon her, all of whom reached the shore, by swim-
ming, much exhausted, except ABRAHAM SIMPKINS, of Phila-
delphia, who was drowned. He has left a wife in Philadel-
phia. Nothing has been saved from the vessel but her anchors
and cables.-Beacon.
DISTRESSING EFFECTS OF THE LATE GALE.-We learn from
a gentleman who arrived here from North Carolina on Monday
evening that the gale was very destructive in Tyrrell county,
N. C. The tide rose to such a height that the inhabitants were
compelled to seek safety in their garrets and on trees. Near-
ly all the cattle in the lowlands of the county were destroyed.
[Ibid.
FREDERICKSBURG, (VA.).SEPT. 13.
The Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery for the
county of Spotsylvania, Judge LOMAX presiding, commenced
its fall session on Monday last, at the Court-house. The most
interesting criminal case was the trial of ELIZABETH RICHARD-
SON for the murder of'her son, in May last. After a full ex-


THE NORTH POINT CELEBRLATION.; (

[EDITORS' CORRESPONDENCE.] "
BALTIMORE, SEPT. 13-7 O'CLOCK A. M.
In approaching the City of Monuments, to the appropri-
ateness of whose d signation her citizens yesterday, THE
GLORIOUS TWELFTH OF SEPTEMBER, afforded an additional
title, it was plain to observe, miles before one entered its
precincts, that the Baltimoreans, so justly celebrated for
their patriotism, public spirit, and princely processions,
were about to celebrate the day on which, twenty-five years
ago, some of their best blood was spilt in a manner worthy
of the great occasion and their distinguished character.
Travelling on horseback at a very early hour, I had the
pleasure of seeing the sun shine with rich and appropriate
splendor upon the lofty monument erected by the munifi-
cence and spirit of the Baltimoreans to the memory of that
illustrious chief who was, emphatically, first in war, first
in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen." 'The
proud banner of freedom, on which were distinctly seen the
glorious stars and stripes of the United States, floated hand-
somely from the top of that mighty column. The tall shot-
towers were also decorated with the national banner; the
masts of the shipping, and, indeed, all the high places of
the Monumental city, bore the same honored flag, and gave
early demonstration that her citizens were on the qui vive,
animated, no doubt, with the cheering prospect of a lovely
and glorious day. And, such it certainly was.
I entered the city about 8 o'clock; just in time to wit-
ness the arrival of the cars from Washington, bringing in
them the Washington Light Infantry, commanded by Capt.
FRANCE, and a large number of our fellow-citizens of Wash-
ington and Georgetown, who had come hither to enjoy the
grand military spectacle, and to witness the ceremonies at
the battle-ground near North Point.
The company almost immediately formed into line, and'
marched to the general parade-ground, in Market street,
preceded by the Marine Band, whose excellent martial
strains soon attracted a multitude of followers and univer-
sal admiration. The Infantry took an appropriate and ho-
norable station in the line of procession, as also did the Po-
tomac Dragoons, commanded by Captain MASON, who
were posted on the right, and who, being fully uniform-
ed and in good number, made a handsome appearance.
Besides the Baltimore Troop of Horse, and eight or nine
companies of their infantry, artillery, and riflemen, (whose
names I cannot recollect,)-a soldier like, well-disciplined,
and effective body of men, whose eulogium has been justly
celebrated by the most impartial pens-there weretwo other
troops of cavalry, a company of infantry from Annapolis,
and another from Ellicott's Mills, which made a fine ap-'
pearance. I presume that the military part of the proceA-
sion amounted to about fifteen hundred soldiers bearing
arms, fully equipped and uniformed, the entire line being
ably commanded by Major General SMITH, aided by Gen.
GEORGE H. STEWART as Chief Marshal.
The procession also consisted of those citizens who were
wounded or served in the honored Maryland Line" at
the battle of North Point, and during the late war; These
gallant fellows, of different ages and conditions of life, were
of course the most observed by all the observers.' A glori-
ous day, indeed, was the Twelfth of September, 1814, to
them. A proud day to them wSs also the Twelfth of Sep-
tember, 1839! never, indeed, to be forgotten by the wound-
ed veteran who served in that memorable campaign, who
delights to
"Shoulder his crutch and show how fields were won."
But we pass to the battle-ground. It is about eight miles
from Baltimore. The procession was conveyed in steam-
boats. Although politely offered my passage along.with
the troops by Captain H---, I preferred to go on horse-
back. The field presented a most animated and imposing
spectacle. It was skirted by the adjoining woods at no
great distance. On one side of the battle-field, and very
near the fence and the road, was the corner-stone of the
intended North Point monument; close by it was the fa-
mous well into which so many of the slain British were
thrown and hastily buried immediately after the engage-
ment.
The troops formed into line on the battle-ground, and
marched in handsome style around the corner-stone, which
was laid, with due form and appropriate ceremony, in the
presence of an assembled and exulting multitude. The
Rev. Mr. JOHNS pronounced an excellent and appropriate
prayer. General B. C. HOWARD delivered a suitable and
patriotic address, of nearly two hours' duration; which,
though containing many just sentiments and interesting
military details, with here and there an eloquent passage,
was, by most persons, considered as rather too long for
such an occasion, where it is so difficult to keep up the at-
tention and preserve order.
The troops fired a salute, and acquitted themselves hand-
somely throughout. They did not return to the city until
after dark, so much time being lost in landing them in boats
at the different wharves. The return of the procession in
the night appeared to be a great disappointment to the ladies,
thousands of whom had stationed themselves in the win-
dows along Baltimore street as early as 4 o'clock to view the
procession.
I regret to add that the day's rejoicing did not terminate
without, at least, one fatal accident. Mr. JOHN PIDGEON,
formerly a printer, and one of the renowned Maryland
Line, who was wounded at the battle of North Point, was
unfortunately drowned at the South street wharf, just as
the procession was getting on shore. I am informed that
another passenger in the steamboat Carroll (a person named
PRICE) had nearly lost his life in attempting to save that of
Mr. PIDGEON.
As the cars'are now at the door, I hastily conclude.
Yours, T.

DEATHS.
At Fort Frank Brooke. M. F.. suddenly, on the 22d of


August, Lieut. CHARLES JOHN HUGHES, of the
6th regiment U. S. Infantry, son of CHRISTOPHER HUGHES,
Esq., Charge d'Affaires of the United States at Stock-
holm.
In Logansport, Indiana, on the 29th of August, Mr.
JOHN K. CALDER, known to the citizens of George-
town, D. C. of which, till within a few years, he has been
a resident, aged 22 years and 14 days.
At New York, on Wednesday morning, after a short
illness, DAVID GRAHAM, Esq., Counsellor at Law, in
the 60th year of his age.
In London, after a few days' illness, Mrs. ROBINSON,
wife of MORRIS ROBINSON, Esq., late Cashier of the U. S.
Bank at New York.
At New York, on the 6th inst., WILLIAM H. CAMP-
BELL, of the U. S. Navy.
At St. Louis, (Mo.) on the 21st ult., after a short illness,
Mr. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN DUNHAM, Printer,
from Washington, Pa.
At the residence of his brother, near York, Pa., on the
8th instant, Mr. JOHN WILLIS, aged about 90 years.
At Newton, Mass., JAMES AINDREWS, aged 65,
long a respectable merchant of Boston.
At Hingham, Mass., THOMAS THAXTER, aged
78. Mr. T. was an original subscriber to the Boston Cen-
tinel 55 years ago, and continued to take it, and to pay for
it, to the day of his death.
Drowned, at Baltimore, in landing from the steamboat
Carroll,on Thursday evening last, Mr. JOHN PIDGEON,
Printer, in the 66th year of his age. He had been to wit-
ness the ceremony of laying the corner-stone of the Battle
Monument at North Point. At the time of the battle, he
belonged to Capt. Adreon's company, 5th regiment, and
was severely wounded in the engagement. E.
DEATHS IN ENGLAND.
General Sir JAMES STEWART died at Cheltenham on the
19th of August. He was the oldest officer in the British
army, having entered as a cornet in 1761.
Sir ROBERT CLAYTON died on the 15th of August, aged
93 years. He was a major in the army in 1785.
Lieut. General Sir THOMAs DALLAS died at Bath, on the
12th of August, aged 81 years.

SHIP NEWS-PORT OF ALEXANDRIA.
SEPT. 12.-No arrivals from sea.
SAILED, SEPTEMBER 12.
Schooner Augusta, Allen, Bangor.
*MEMORANDUAcM.


EDITORS' CORjSPONDENCE.

NEW YORK, SEPTEMBER .
FROM MAINE, We have returns from Cumber-
land, and parts of Lincoln and York. The vote,
as compared with last year, falls off greatly on
both sides. There is no doubt of the re-elec-
tion of Governor FAIRFIELD.
The Albany Argus and Boston Pcst give up
the Governor and Senate of Vermont to the
Whigs. They claim the House, but without giv-
ing the data for the claim, or without much foun-

dation, except that it will be a close division,
and upon the principle that, by claiming a man,
he may be got.
Mr. VAN BUREN continues his progress
through the interior of this State, and is now on
a circumambient gyration, the preponderance
of which is a tangent towards this city. Guns,
dragoons, flags, &c. &c., with processions, an-
nounce the projection of the tangent, And the
comet .upon it. I must be pardoned if I do
not speak respectfully of Mr. VAN BUREN'S
movements in this State. 'He is here palpably
and clearly upon an electioneering errand. In
every village he has his caucus, of leaders.
In every speech there lurk his party purposes.
The unreconciled Conservatives are wooed with
his delicious smiles, and the mellow grasp of
his tender hands. We are not. "bought by the
banks" now, but J have no hostility .-u tbh
New York banks." "An exclusive specie cur-
rency is not what I want, but an Independent
Treasury, in which a New York currency will
have its pervading influence in the-Union legiti-
matised by the enactments of law." Thus Mr.
VAN BUREN is tracked by the converse of his
subordinates. A vigorous attempt 1s every
where made to wheedle the moneyed influence
of this'State into a PAPER SUB-TREASURY.
The news of the Great Western is operating
favorably upon the commercial community. A
healthier tone is imparted to public opinion.
The real dealer in merchandise are believed
from panic, if not from all anxiety. Exchange
-on London is now 109, but the lar'gedrawers

refuse to draw for that. The U. S. Baik is not
in the market, but it is supposed that if the rate
goes up to a specie exportation price, the U. S.
Bank will step in, and draw again. Stocks to-
day have not advanced any, but have rather fall-
en off.
The negotiation of the Illinois Commission-
era, for the sale of their Bonds is so complicated
with "iron" and "emigration," that it is diffi-

cult to sift it, and I shall therefore only say, that
they have made a negotiation, the nature of
which remains to be developed.
A serious accident occurred yesterday on the
Amboy and Camden Railroad, of which, I pre-
sume, you will have an earlier account than this
in the Philadelphia papers. Mr. GCHEQUER, of
Washington, a Messenger of one of the Depart-
ments, it is said, was, so seriously injured that
his life was despaired of this morning.


Sales This ay.
EXTENSIVE SALE OF HOUSEHOLD
FURNITURE.-On Saturday, 14th instant, at 10
o'clock A. M., I shall sell at the. auction store, without reserve,
a very extensive lot of superior Household Furniture, consist-
ing of, viz.
Cane seat and Windsor Chairs, handsome spring-seat Sofa
Sideboard, handsome Card Tables, dining and other maho-
gany Tables, Andirons, Tongs and Shovels
Moreen and muslin Window Curtains, mantel and toilet
Glasses, Carpets, superior mahogany and maple Bedsteads
Easy Chair, Bureaus, Wash Tables, elegant toilet Bureau
Superior feather Beds, Astral*Lamp, brass Fenders
Dining set of Liverpool ware, China, Glassware, Castors
Basins and Pitchers, several jars of very fine Pickles
And a lot of Currant Jelly, of extra fine quality
With a variety of Kitchen Utebsils, Safe, Garden Tools, &c.
The above to be sold for cash, without: reserve, and are par-
ticularly worthy of attention. JOHN A, BLAKE,
sept 12 Auctioneer.
VALUABLE HOUSE AND LOTS IN FRANK-
LIN ROW FOR SALE.,-On Saturday, the 14th
instant, at 5 o'clock P. M., I shall offei at public auction, in
front of the premises, that genteel and very desirable residence
No. 6, Franklin Row, with two adjoining vacant lots, fronting
each 26 feet 4 inches on K street. The house will accommo-
date a large family, being 26 feet 4 inches front by 40 feet deep,
with the addition of an excellent back building, brick stable,
&c. Also, at the same time, will be offered, in the sarte
square (284) 6 Lots, immediately in the rear of the house, sub.-
stantially enclosed, and in a high state of"cultivation,and now
occupied as a garden, with a good frane dwelling thereon.
Persons wishing to see and examine the above property pre-
vious to the sale can do so upon application at the premises,
(No. 6,) anytime after 12 o'clock. .
Terms of sale will be accommodating and made known at the
time.of sale. EDWARD DYER,
sept 3-dts Auctioneer.
VALUABLE LOTS FOR SALE AT AUCTION.
V On Saturday, the 14th instant, at half, past 5 o'clock P.
M. I shall sell, in front of the premises, 8,000 square feet of
ground of lot No. 1, in square No. 371. This ground is very
eligible situated, fronting on K street about, 105 feet, between 9th
and 10th streets, and fronting, in the real, on Massachusetts
Avenue, and is a little east of the Franklin Row. Terms of
sale, one-fourth cash, balance in 6, 12, and 18 months, with in-
terest. EDW. DYER,
sept 7-eod&ds Auctioneer.J
EVENING SALE.-DRY GOODS, FANS!
E Goods, German Silver, &r. &c.--On Saturday
evening, 14th instant, at candle-light, I shall sell, without re-
serve, a very fine lot of goods, to be received from the North,
consisting of, viz.
Shirting Cottons, Irish Linens, Linen Collars
Suspenders, Silk Hankerchiefs, Pins, Needles
Threads, Spool Cottons*in boxes, Ladies' Workboxes
Shaving Cases, Looking Glasses.
Also, a variety of German Silver Goods, as
Best Table and Tea Spoons, Soup Ladles, Fish Knives
Butter knives, Sugar Tongs, Razors, Penknives -
Scissors, handsome Chinese Tea Catties, with superior
Tea, just imported
2 superior Gold Lepine Watches, for ladies' wear
Articles of Jewelry, &c. &c. a lot of new Clothing.
sept 14 JOHN A. BLAKE, Auctioneer.
i EACHER.-A lady, who has had several years' expe-
l. rience as a teacher of music, wishes to obtain a situation
in a town, or in an academy. She also teaches fancy work.
She would have no objection to going South. The highest re-
ferences will be given. A letter addressed to A. G., Wash-
ington City, will be attended to. sept 14-6t
riHE CREDITORS OF RICHARD WROE,
L T Sen. who have net signed the deed ofpomposition, are
hereby notified that he has executed a deed of trust to the sub-
scriber, bfor the benefit of all those whoshall sign the deed on
or before the 15th day of September instant, and are requested
to call and sign it, and at the same time to produce the evidence
of their claims. WM. CAMMACK,
sept 12-3t Trustee.
1WmlORTIS MULTICAULIS TREES.-The sub