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WASHINGTON: SATURDAY, AUGUST 10, 1839.
GALES & SEATON.
For a year, ten dollars-for six months, six dollars.
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
Those subscribing for a year, who do not, either at the time of
ordering the paper, or subsequently, give notice of their wish
to have the paper discontinued at the expiration of their year,
will be presumed as desiring its continuance until counter-
manded, and it will be continued accordingly, at the option of
PUBLIC SALE OF HIGHLY VALUABLE
REAL ESTATE, at and near the flourishing
and Improving village of Ellicott's Mills, Maryland.
The subscriber will offer at public sale, on the premises, on
TUESDAY, the 20th August, at 10 o'clock A. M., if fair, if not
the next fair day thereafter, all that very valuable, improved,
unimproved and LEASEHOLD PROPERTY, heretofore and now in
the occupancy of Jonathan Ellicott & Sons, consisting of the fol-
lowing pieces, parcels, and lots of ground, viz.
No. 1. The upper "MERCHANT," or PATAPSCO FLOUR
MILL, built of granite, in the most substantial manner. The
dimensions are 45 feet by 50 feet, 4 stories and 2 attic stories
high. This mill runs three pairs of seven feet burr atones, dri-
ven by three over-shot water wheels, under about. 13 5-12 feet
head and fall. It is furnished with the most approved machine-
ry and rubbers for the cleansing of wheat, and the manufacture
of flour to the extent of about 180 barrels per day, and the whole
is now in good order for immediate work. The mill fronts on
the Fredericktown Turnpike Road, and is connected with the
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad by a substantial and very complete
wooden viaduct. The superstructure of this viaduct next to the
mill has been weatherboarded, in a neat and substantial man-
ner, and appropriated to the purposes of a store-house and
cleaning apartment for the wheat before entering the mill. It
has also attached to it a superior patent force-pump, worked by
a separate water wheel, detached from the mill, and furnished
with hose sufficient, in case of fire, to reach any part of the
mill. Also, a machine shop, built of stone, 27J by 12J feet,
which adjoins the forebay of the mill, and is calculated to be
worked by the spare water of the same, and has been included
in the lot laid off for it.
No. 2. The lower MERCHANT and GRIST, or "CHESA-
PEAKE" MILL, built of granite, in the most substantial man-
ner. The dimensions are 61 feet by 33J feet, four stories and
one attit story high. This mill runs two pairs of seven and one
pair of six feet burr stones, and a burr rubber; the whole of
which, with the machinery, which is complete for the manufac-
ture of flour and grinding all kinds of country work, is driven
by three over-shot water wheels, (one of which is of iron,) un-
der about 13 feet 8 inches head and fall, and is capable of clean-
ing the wheat and manufacturing flour to the extent of about 100
barrels per day, and grinding an amount of country work equal
to about 20 bushels per hour; or the whole can be used as a
merchant mill at pleasure, and with the three runs of stones is
capable of making about 150 barrels of flour per day. This mill
is entirely distinct and detached from the Patapsco Mill."
No. 3. A BARN and PLASTER MILL, which is a frame
structure. The Plaster Mill runs one pair of five feet burr
stones and cast-iron plaster breaker, driven by pitchh back wa-
ter wheel, (ofiron,) under about 13 feet 6 inches head and fall,
and is capable of grinding about 20 tons of plaster per day. The
Saw Mill runs one saw frame and circular saw, driven by two
flutter water wheels, and is capable of sawing about 2,000 feet
of stuff per day.
.The above three pieces of property combine more advantages
than any other milling property in the State of Maryland, if not
in the Union. They are located on the great Western thorough-
fares leading from Baltimore, and distant from the city 10 miles
by turnpike and 14 miles by railroad, supplied by the waters of
the Patapsco, proverbial for the constancy of its stream, in the
midst of a flourishing and increasing village and a highly culti-
vated and improving surrounding country mainly devoted to
the cultivation of grain, which finds a mart li'Bhre. They erm-
brace all the improvements immediately connected with the
water power of the mill seats proper.
Lot No. 4. 18 inches, more pr less, of fall of the whole
stream-of the Patapsco, which is now, and has been for several
years, occupied by the mill-dam of the Patapsco Factory.
Lot No. 5. The extensive GRANITE QUARRIES knewn
as the Patapsco Granite Quarries," lying in Anne Arundel
County, immediately on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and
nearly on the'opposite side of the stream to the above mill pro-
perty. The two Quarries and lots attached to them are so laid
off as to afford roctn and space sufficient for the present and
future working of them to any reasonable extent, as the, mate:
rial is believed to be inexhaustible, and is so placed in a hill
of about 135 vertical feet in height, almost overhanging the
railroad, as to afford the greatest facility in quarrying and trans-
ferring blocks of the largest size to the cars. This Quarry is
several miles nearer to the city of Baltimore than any other
Granite Quarry of equal extent, and therefore has a decided
advantage in the cost of transportation, and the quality of the
stone as respects color, durability, texture, or ease of working
is not excelled by any stone in the Union. The samples of the
article are to be found in many of the edifices and public works
in the city and neighborhood of Baltimore, and the undersign-
ed would refer purchasers to the Record offices in St. Paul's
street, McKim's School-house, East Baltimore street, and the
Thomas Viaduct at the intersection of the Baltimore ana Ohio
and Washington Railroads; all, or nearly all of which structures,
besides many others, have been taken from these quarries, and
all still the face of them, which fronts upon the railroad about -
feet, is but partially opened.
Lot No 6. The STONE STORE-HOUSE now in the occu-
pancy of John K. Swain, built ofstone, 33 by 53 feet, with a base-
ment cellar, one story and an attic story high.
Lot No. 7. Astone DWELLING-HOUSE 29k by 15 10-12
feet, one and an attic story high, with a basement cellar, imme-
diately next adjoining to the above store-house, and with the lot
attached to it fronting 524 feet upon the Turnpike, and running
back about 160 feet.
Lot No. 8. The stone rough-cast DWELLING-HOUSE ad-
jacent to the above, 354 by 27l feet, also smoke-house and
other necessary out-houses complete. The lot laid off to the
whole fonts about 156 8-12 feet upon the Turnpike, and runs
back about 160 feet to the outline.
No. 9. The BLACKSMITH'S SHOP, built of stone, one
story high, 434 by 21 feet, exclusive of the sheds, which, toge-
ther with the coal-houses, are ample for its use. The lot laid
off for it is deemed sufficient, and the street laid out for its use,
in common with the adjoining property, is the most direct and
easy of access from the Turnpike. This shop has heretofore
commanded a large amount of valuable custom; and as the use
of water power can no doubt at all times be had from the pro-
prietors of the mills, the opportunity is offered to any one who
may wish to engage in the manufactureof edge tools in addition
to the regular smith work of the surrounding neighborhood.
No. 10. The STONE STABLE 63 by 37 10-12 feet, and
FRAME WHEELWRIGHT SHOP 31 by 30 feet. The first of
-these buildings fronts upon the turnpike, and the lot runs back
a depth of 113 feet. There is a street 30 feet wide located
along the north side of this lot, so as to communicate with the
area in the rear, reserved for the use of the Blacksmith and
Wheelwright shops, and as a highway.
No.. 11. The rough-cast DWELLING-HOUSE and lot now
in the occupancy of David Emmart, 30 by 15 feet, two stories
high, and a stone basement, kitchen, fnd cellar. The lot laid
off to it fronts 30 feet on the Turnpike, and runs back to the
ttone wall at the edge of the Falls.
No, .12. The FRAME DWELLING-HOUSE next ad-
joining to the above, 20 by 30 feet, two stories high, and with
a stone basement, cellar, and kitchen. The lot laid off to this
house fronts 25 feet upon the Turnpike, and runs back to the
wall at the edge of the Falls, and has the privilege of an alley
four feet wide in common with the adjoining rough-cast house
No. 13. The FRAME DWELLING-HOUSE situated at
the west end of the Turnpike Bridge, fronting upon the Turn-
pike 361 by 29 feet, with a kitchen. The location of this
house is considered one of the most valuable for business pur-
poses in the whole neighborhood.
No. 14. The STONE MILL formerly known as the "Oil
Mill," 33 by 30 feet, two stories and one attic story high. This
Mill is situated in Anne Arundel county, within about 100 yards
of the depot of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and is driven
by the water of two small streams, under a head and fall of
about 30 feet. The situation of this property, in the midst of
the village, and so convenient to all the facilities of the Rail-
road, renders it worthy the attention of any one desirous of en-
tar-n.r inrto a mechanical or manufacturing business, where the
No. 17. A FRAME HOUSE, one story high, with a com-
fortable kitchen, the whole now occupied by William Allen.
There is a fine lot laid off to this house, sufficiently large for a
No. 18. Is the FRAME HOUSE, two stories high, the lower
one of stone, now occupied by Ranelson. This house, and the
lot attached to it, front on the Turnpike, (east side,) with
ground enough for a garden.
No. 19. Is the stone DWELLING-HOUSE, rear the old
stone quarry,'now occupied by Clarke Baton, 20 by 32 7-12
feet. The lot laid off to this house fronts upon the Turnpike.
No. 20. All that TRACT OF LAND, in Anne Arundel
county, called Mount XEtna," containing about 120 acres of
woodland, more or less; part of it was cleared eight or nine
years ago, and since then has remained fenced in, so that the
second growth is in the most thrifty condition. The whole of
it is well calculated for farming land, and its proximity to the
Mills, (being less than two miles distant,) and its populous
neighborhood, where at all times firewood commands good
prices, would enable the purchaser at any reasonable price to
repay himself for the whole cost from the timber alone.
No. 21. A PIECE OF LAND in Anne Arundel county, part
of Mount Misery," containing about 54 acres of woodland, im-
mediately adjoining the Patapsco Female Institute, and made
accessible by the road leading to that institution. Upon this
land there are several beautiful locations for building, or cottage
lots, and as it abounds with springs of the finest water, and the
soil is of the best quality, it could be divided for tbat purpose,
or for gardening or farming purposes. Upon it there is also
the quarry of WHITE GRANITE from which the large and
handsome building of the Patapsco Female Institute has been
built, and which is peculiar by the fine texture and color of the
No. 22. A FARM in Baltimore county, being part of a trac
of land called West Ilchester," containing 931 acres, more or
less, about acres of which are in wood, and the balance is
cleared, and in a high state of cultivation, enclosed by a post
and rail fence, with division fences through the whole, so as to
divide itintoconvenient fields. Upon this land there is a large
orchard of young and thrifty apple and other fruit trees, besides
an old orchard; one good STONE DWELLING, two stories
high, 20 by 17 feet, two log and frame tenements; a frame
barn and hay-house or barracks. The quality of this land, and
its location in the midst of a populous neighborhood, which af-
fords a ready market for all its produce, at the best prices, to-
gether with the advantages of the Baltimore market, render
this a most desirable property to any one wishing to farm on a
moderate scale. The soil is of the rotten rock formation, and
proverbial for its fertility. Possession of such parts as are not
now under cultivation will be given immediately, and of the ba-
lance as soon as the crops now growing shall be secured.
No. 2:3. A PIECE OF LAND in Baltimore county, part of
" West llchester," next adjoining the premises of the Union
Manufacturing Company of Maryland, containing about 30 acres,
in a good state of cultivation, and enclosed with a good fence.
The quality of the soil is good, and a market for all the produce
of it exists at the extensive cotton factories.
No. 24. A TRACT OF LAND in Baltimore county, called
the "Diamond," containing about 51 acres.
No. 25. A TRACT OF LAND in Baltimore county, called
the Square," containing about 8 3-16 acres.
No. 26. PART OF A TRACT OF LAND in Anne Arun-
del county, called Caleb's Vineyard," fronting on and includ-
ing the Baltimore and Ohio railroad 91 perches, and running
back 100 perches, containing about 60 acres of woodland. The
greater part of this land is handsomely situated for cultivation,
and, as it lies within one mile from the furthest part of it to
both the Thistle and Patapsco Cotton Factories, where there is
a ready market, together with all the neighborhood of the mills,
and also Baltimore, for the firewood, the sale oftimber alone would
repay the purchaser nearly, if not quite, all the costs.
No. 27 is a TRACT OF LAND in Baltimore county, called
Nicholas and Alexander," binding on and including the Bal-
timore and Ohio Railroad about 129 perches, and containing 60
acres, more or less, of excellent woodland, and much of it is
heavily timbered, which can be very readily transported to the
city, distant about 8 miles by the railroad.
No. 28 is PAR r OF TRACTS OF LAND called Joseph
and Jacob's Invention," "The Vortex," Small Bit," &e. con-
tafning about 30 acres and a waterfall of about 9 feet.
No. 29. An undivided third part of the ROLLING MILLS
situated on the Baltimore county side of the Patapsco, upon the
seat adjoining next above the mill seaqs before described.
No. 30. Reversionary interest in the HOUSE and LOTS oc-
cupied by Sarah Ellicott during her life.
No. 31, &c. Sundry well secured GROUND RENTS,
amounting in the aggregate to $412 per annum.
In addition to all the above described property, there will be
offered at the same time a nutbier of'unimproved BUILDING
LOTS, either in fee or upon ground rent. Many of these lots
are in the most desirable situations in the village for stores or
other business purposes, and many of them are most appropri-
ately located for dwellings, besides several that have been laid
out, together with springs of the finest water and roads to the
same for cottage lots.
Persons desirous of purchasing any portion of the property
are invited to examine it and judge for themselves ; any infor-
mation in relation to the same will he given by the subscriberor
BENJAMIN H. ELLICOTT, of Baltimore, or NATHANIEL H. EL-
LICOTT and SAMUEL ELLICOTT, of Ellicott's Mills
Terms of Sale.-The whole of the above property will be
sold upon the following terms : one-fourth of the purchase mo-
ney to be paid in cash, one-fourth in twelve months, one-fourth
in two years, and the balance in three years; the credit pay-
ments to be secured by the notes of the purchasers, with inte-
rest from the day of sale. For the amount of the two last credit
payments, for all the improved property sold, the claims against
the firm of Jonathan Ellicott & Sons will at any time be receiv-
ed in payment; and for the unimproved property the whole
amount of the purchase money will be received in the claims
against said firm, provided the same? be tendered within ninety
days from the day of sale.
Possession to be delivered of the improved property upon the
cash payments being made by the purchasers, and of the unim-
proved property upon the tender of the claims as before pro-
If the terms of sale are not complied with, the Trustee shall
have the privilege of re-selling at the risk of the purchasers.
Deeds will not be given until the whole purchase money has
been paid.i R. MICKLE,
july 30-eots Trustee.
TEAM SAW-MILL, VILLAGE LOTS, AND
COAL LANDS FOR SALE.-The subscribers
offer at private sale, on favorable terms, the following describ-
ed property, situate in the village of Pomeroy, Meigs county,
A steam saw-mill, with two saw gates, 124 inch cylinder, 4k
feet stroke, 3 boilers, 18 feet long, 30 inches diameter.
This mill is favorably situated for procuring a supply of logs,
and for the sale of lumber. It is in good order, and of the most
approved construction. Coal for running the-engine may be
had for a small advance on the coet of digging.
Also, a well-finished and pleasantly situated dwelling-house,
two stories high, thirty by thirty foet width, a kitchen in the
Also, building lots in the village of Pomeroy.
This village is in the centre of the most important coal re-
gion on the Ohio river, below Wheeling. It includes at this
time some twenty-five or thirty frame dwelling-houses, a steam
saw mill, a large merchant flouring mill, a tannery, with steam
engine attached, a steamboat yard, and a very extensive esta-
blishment for the manufacture of shovels, spades, and edge-
tools. There are also a blacksmith's, carpenter's and joiner's,
a cabinetmaker's and shoemaker's shops, a bakery and 3 stores.
The flourishing village of Coalport lies below it, and that of
Nyesville above it.
The subscribers will also sell to individuals or companies
disposed to engage in any kind of manufactures or in shipping
coal a part of their coal property in the neighborhood of Pome-
roy. The attention of the Public is solicited to this important
Application may be made to the subscribers, at the village, or
at the office, Neff's Buildings, Cincinnati.
july 24 FOMEROY, SONS & CO.
CHANCER Y SALE.-By virtue of a decree oftheChan-
eery Court of Maryland, the subscriber, as trustee, will of-
fer at public sale, on Monday, the 19th of August, at 12 o'clock
M., on the premises, all that parcel of land, called" Holley Hill,"
lying in Anne Arundel county, late in possession of Mrs. Eleanor
Stevenson,and which was formerly owned by Capt. Benj. Har-
rison. This land lies at the head of West river, in an agreeable
neighborhood, and adjoins the lands of Thomas Franklin, Esq.,
Miss A. Franklin, and William H. Hall, Esq. It contains 147
acres, the greater Dart of which fs very fertile land. It is well
TTO HEIRS AT LAW, LEGATEES, &c.-It is
well known that there is a large amount of property in
Great Britain to which citizens of, and other residents in the
United States and Canada are, either by descent or bequest, le-
The subscriber has directed his attention to the subject, and
possesses much information respecting it. He is now prosecut-
ing two claims of considerable importance.
He has engaged professional aid in London, and offers his
services to persons having such claims. He will examine and
arrange the papers, and prepare statements of claims, and will
undertake the prosecution and management of such as, upon ex-
amination, shall appear to deserve attention. His charges will,
in all cases, be proportioned to the difficulties overcome and the
amount of property recovered.
Letters of inquiry (post paid) addressed to the subscriber, at
Washington, will be promptly attended to, and satisfactory re-
ferences, if required.
july 23-col m PISHEY THOMPSON.
.. Department.-The lectures will commence, as-usual,
on the 1st Monday in November, and close on the last day of
February, and be delivered by the following faculty, viz.
BENJAMIN W. DUDLEY, M. D. Professor of Anatomy and
JAMES M. BUSH, M. D. Adjunct Professor of Anatomy and
JAMES C. CROSS, M. D. Professor of Institutes and Medical
NATHAN R. SMITH, M. D. Professor of Theory and Practice
WM. H. RICHARDSON, M. D. Professor of Obstetrics and
Diseases of Women and Children.
THOS. D. MITCHALL, M. D. Professor of Materia Medica and
ROBERT PETER, M. D. Professor of Chemistry and Phar-
The cost of a full course of lectures is one hundred and five
dollars. The Matriculation fee, entitling to the use of the Li-
brary, is five dollars. The Dissecting Ticket, which is optional
with the pupil, is ten dollars. The Graduation fee is twenty
dollars. Good boarding and lodging, including fuel and lights,
from two dollars and fifty cents to four dollars per week.
A large accession to the books, apparatus, and niuseum of the
School will be brought from Europe in October by Professors
Bush and Peter; and the new Medical Hall, having been ac-
tually begun, will be completed with all possible despatch.
The notes of good and solvent banks in the States whence
the pupils respectively come will be taken at par value for
Professors' tickets. THOS. D. MITCHELL, M. D.
Dean of Faculty.
Lexington, Ky. July 6, 1839. july 27--2aw6w
MEDICAL INSTRUCTION.-The Lectures in the
1 Medical Institute of the city of Louisville will com-
mence on the 1st Monday of November, and terminate on the
1st of March.
JEDEDIAH COBB, M. D. on Anatomy.
CHARLES CALDWELL, M. D. on the Institution of Medi-
JOHN E. COOKE, M.D.on Theory and Practice of Medicine.
JOSHUA B. FLINT, M. D. on Surgery.
HENRY MILLER, M. D. on Obstetrics and Diseases of Wo-
men and Children.
CHARLES W. SHORT, M. D. on Materia Medica and Medical
LUNSFORD P. YANDELL, M. D. on Chemistry and Pharmacy.
The apartments fobr the prosecution of Practical Anatomy
will be opened early in October, under the direction of Dr.
DONNE, the Demonstrator. The extensive College Edifice
erected within the last year will be in a state of complete finish
before the commencement of the course. Comfortable board-.
ing, including lodging, lights, fuel, &c. may be had at conven-
ient distances from the College, at an average rate of $4 per
week. The ticket to each Professor's course is $15; Matricu-
lation and Library tickets, $5 ; G aduation fee, $20; Dissect-
ing tickets, which may be taken or not, at option, $10. The-
Faculty will receive at par the paper of solvent banks of the
States in which pupils respectively reside. B3 order of the
Faculty. C. W. SHORT, Dean.
Louisville, Ky. June 22, 1839. july 27-2aw6w,
C HINESE MUIBERRIES.-I offer for sale, deli-
verable after the fall of the leaf [to do justice to the pur-
chaser and to the plants, they should not be taken up sooner]
about fifty thousand Morus Multicaulis Trees, grown from roots
and cuttings of my own raising. These plants are very vigor-
ous ; many of the cuttings even measure now upwards of four
feet, are well filled with branches, and count upwards of a
hundred buds each ; promising, should the season continue as
favorable as heretofore, to be f orn eight to ten feet high.
I will sell also any number that.may be required of Canton
Mulberry Trees, retaining a sufficient stock for myself. Of
these I have about one hundred thousand. The seed of this
tree was received last year from the Consul of the U. S. at Can-
ton, with an assurance that it is the tree most esteemed in Chi-
na for feeding silkworms. It grew from the seed upwards of
six feet the first season, and I have now cuttings of two buds
from it, of nearly the same height. The leaf is very delicate,
of a rich green, as large as a page of letter paper, and the
worms devour it as greedily as they do the Multicaulis, leaving
nothing uneaten. In a word, it possesses all the advantages of
the Multicaulis in rapid growth, size, and delicacy of leaf;
stands the winter, and can be propagated from seed.
The attention of persons who purchase to plant, rather than
speculate, anI to whom it is of the utmost importance to have
sound as well as genuine trees, is specially called to this adver-
The trees can be sent safely to any part of the United States,
and will certainly grow, provided they be buried in a dry place
as soon as received. J. MASON, jr.
july 31 t-2awlSlawcp&3awdtN Georgetown, D. C.
SUPERIOR PIANO FORTE.-Received this day
by the brig Wankinco from Boston, one of Chickering's
best Rosewood Piano Fortes, which may be had at Stationers',
Hall at the manufacturer's price.
june 25 [Adv] WV. FISCHER.
7HHE; LIFE OF WILLIAM COWPER, ESQ.
-n by Robert Southey, Esq. LL.D. (Poet Laureate, &c.)
in 2 vols.
Also, a fresh supply of the cheap edition of Waverley No-
vels, (Bride of Lammnermoor-A Legend of Montrose,) is this
day received, and for sale by
W. M. MORRISON,
july 11 [Glo] Four doors west of BMown's Hotel.
'IX WEEKS IN FAUQUIER, being the substance
of familiar letters illustrating the scenery, localities, me-
dicinal virtues, and general characteristics of the White Sul-
phur Springs at Warrenton, Fauquier county, Virginia, by a
visitor. Just received and for sale between 9th and 10th sts.,
july 8 R. FARNHAM.
E ENGLISH WHITE TWINE.-Just received at
Stationers' Hall a large quantity of fine English White
Twine, in balls of a quarter ofa pound each.
E^XTRA FINE TEAS.-Just received, per sehoner
k.Alexandria, from New York, a choice lot of fine Teas,
from the Trenton cargo, of late importation.
10 half chests superior Gunpowder Teas
10 do Imperial do
20 do Young Hyson do
5 do fine Pouchong do
For sale by .
july 18-w4t GEO. & THOS. PARKER.
N OTICE.-Twenty journeymen Tailors wanted. Also,
twenty or thirty Pantaloons and Vest Makers. The above
number of good workmen can find constant employment, by
calling on the subscriber, opposite the Seven Buildings, Wash-
july 24-lw R. W. RATES.
F IFTY THOUSAND QUILLS, suitable forschools
just received, and for sale by R. PARNHAM,
june 24 Between 9th and t0th streets, Pennsylvania av.
A--& REAMS LETTER, CAP, FOLIO Post,
S t.0%p vand other writing papers, just received at R. FARN-
HAM'S Stationery Store, and will be sold at very low prices.
N EGROES WAN TED.-Cash and the highest mar-
ket prices will be paid for any number of likely young
negroes of both sexes, (families and mechanics included.) All
U UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA.-The next session
of this Institution will commence on the second day of
September, and terminate on the 4th of July ensuing.
The schools of the University, with their respective Profes-
1. Ancient Languages- Dr. GESSNER HARRISON.
2. Modern Languages-Dr. GEORGE BLiETTERMANN.
3. Mathematics-CHARLES BONNYCASTLE.
4. Natural Philosophy-WM. B. ROGERS.
5. Civil Engineering-The subjects of which are divided be-
tween Professors BONNYCASTLE and ROGERS.
6. Chemistry and Materia Medica-Dr. JOHN P. EMMET.
7. Medicine-Dr. ROBERT E. GRIFFITH.
8. Anatomy and Surgery-Dr. JAMES L. CABELL.
9. Moral Philosophy-GEORGE TUCKERI.
10. Law-JOHN A. G. DAVIS.
In the department of Mathematics is included Mixed Mathe-
matics; in that of Engineering, Mineralogy and Geology ; in
that of Moral Philosophy, Belles-lettres, Logic, and Political,
Economy; and in that of Law, besides Municipal Law in all its
branches, the Law of Nature and Nations, the Science of Gov-
ernment, and Constitutional Law.
The Medical department embraces the Theory and Practice
of Medicine, Obstetrics, and Medical Jurisprudence; and to
that of Anatomy and Surgery, Physiology is attached. The
latter school is adequately supplied with subjects for dissection,
and has attached t6 it a large Anatomical and Pathological Mu-
seum. To afford the student the advantage of Clinical lectures,
an Infirmary has been established within the precincts.
To be admitted into this Institution, the applicant must be
sixteen years of age ; but the Faculty may dispense with this
requisition in favor of one whose brother is a student.
Every student is free to attend the schools of his choice; but
if he be under twenty-one years of age, he shall attend at'least
three, unless he be authorized by his parent or guardian, in
writing, or by the Faculty for good cause shown, to attend a less
It is required of students to wear, on public occasions, &c., a
prescribed uniform, consisting of dark-gray cloth ; and they are
prohibited from purchasing, while they remain students, any
other than uniform clothes ; but ordinarily, and about the Uni-
versity, they are allowed to wear any clothing which they may
have brought with them.
The Faculty may allow any man of good moral character,
above the age of twenty-three, to attend the lectures in any of
the schools of the University, and to reside out of the precincts,
exempt from the regulations prescribed for the government of
students, except those which enjoin respectful and orderly de-
By a resolution of the Faculty, ministers of the Gospel, and
young men preparing for the ministry, may attend any of the
schools of the University without the payment of fees to the
The expenses of the session of ten months are as follows:
Board, washing, lodging, and attendance, $120
Fuel and candles, estimated at 25
Rent of dormitory, $16 ; for half, when occupied by two
Use of Library and public rooms, 15
Fees-if only one Professor be attended, $50; if two, to
each $30; if more than two, to each $25-say 75
Total, exclusive of clothes, books, and pocket money, $243
In the school of Law, there is an extra fee of $20, payable by
students attending the senior class.
The allowance for clothes is limited by the enactments to
$100, and for pocket money to $40.
Every student resident within the precincts must, on matri-
culation, deposit with the Patron all the money, drafts, &c. un-
der his control, intended to defray his expenses while at the
University, or on his return thence to his home ; and the amount
qo deposited must bp sufficient to pay his fees, dormitory rent,
Or the use of the library and public rooms, three months' board,
Ind to purchase the text-books, &c. he may want at the com-
r encement. All funds subsequently received by him, for the
purposes aforesaid, must also be deposited with the Patron, who
`has charge of his disbursements, and is entitled to a commission
of two per cent. for his services.
WILLIS H. WOODLEY is Proctor and Patron of the Institu-
The act of the Legislature prohibiting, under severe penal-
ties, merchants and others from crediting students, will be strict-
ly enforced. The license t, contract debts, which the Chair-
man is authorized to grant, will be confined (except where the
parent or guardian shall otherwise, in writing, request) to cases
of urgent necessity; and these it is hoped that parents and
guardians will as far as possible prevent from arising by the
timely supply of the requisite funds.
Religious services are performed at the University every Sun-
day by the Chaplain, who is appointed in turn from the four
principal denominations of the State.
J. A. G. DAVI1,
Chairman of the Faculty.
WASHINGTON, AUGUsT 3, 1839.
IP ROPOSALS will be received until the 13th instant for
making a gravel foot-walk on N street south, in the Fifth
Ward, running from 4J street to 2d street.
Information as to the construction of the work can be obtain-
ed by application to the Commissioners.
J. S. MILLER,
aug 5-3t Assistant Commissioners.
SPARKS' LIFE OF GEORGE WASHING-
TON, complete in one volume ; illustrated by fourteen
engravings by the most eminent artists from steel plates.
This volume is designed chiefly for readers who may not have
access to Washington's Writings, a work in twelve vols.
Just received, and for sale at the Book and Stationery store
of R. FARNHAM,
july 29 between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
MICHAEL McDERMOTT wishes to
inform his customers and the Public in gen-
eral that he still continues to carry on the
COACH-MAKING BUSINESS, in all its
branches, on Missouri avenue, between Four-and-a-half and
Sixth streets, where he keeps constantly on hand for sale Pam-
ily Carriages, Barouches, Vehicles, Buggies, Sulkies, Gigs,
Carryalls, &c., made of the best materials and by selected
workmen. He hopes, by a strict attention to business, to re-
ceive a share of public patronage.
Repairing done as usual. june 13 -eo3m
SPARKS'S AMERICAN BIOGRAPHY, now com-
pleted, in 10 vols. with portraits, maps, and fac similes, got
up in unusually handsome style, price $10.
june 20 F. TAYLOR.
TEPHEN'S WRITING FLUID.-Just received,
and opened for sale at Stationers' Hall, Stephen's genu-
ine unchangeable light and dark blue and red writing fluid
put up in stone bottles of four different sizes, and which is,
without exception, the very best article extant for metallic
or quill pens. (Adv.) june 17
THIRTEENTH VOLUME OF PETERS'S
SUPREME COURT REPORTS, this day re-
ceived by F. TAYLOR.
Also the second volume of Peters's Digest of Cases Decided
in the Supreme, Circuit, and District Courts of the UnitedStates,
from the organization of the United States Government, to be
completed in 3 vols.
And many other new law books. july 25
ERPETUAL CALENDAR, a new and improved
article, highly beneficial and useful to clerks, lawyers,
justices, merchants, &c.
Also, a fresh supply of Marryat's Phantom Ship, are this day
received, and for sale by W. M. MORRISON,
july 19 (Glo) 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
IG AND CARRIAGE WHIPS.-The subscriber
has just received a small lot of Whips, which he will sell
low. Also, superior Riding Whips.
At the old snuff, tobacco, and fancy store, four doors east
of the new City Post Office, Pennsylvania avenue.
july 8 LEWIS JOHNSON.
OLMAN'S MONTHLY MISCELLANY, edited
by Grenville Mellen and Win. Cutter, published in thick
monthly numbers for $5 per annum, or 50 cents a number.
The first number of the above is just received by
july 8 F. TAYLOR.
CHURCH MUSIC.-W. FISCHER has just received
from. Boston, by the brig Wankinco, the following popu-
lar Church Music arranged by the most eminent professors viz.
The Boston Academy's Collection, last edition
do Glee Book
Music of Nature
Lives of Haydn and Mozart
Social Sacred Melodist, consisting of songs, duets,
anthems, &c., with an accompaniment for Piano Forte or Organ,
by Oliver Shaw.
A selection of Charts and Doxologies, for the use of the Pro-
testant Episcopal Church, set in four vocal parts, with an accom-
paniment for the Organ. june 25
FrIHE WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS, or Life
A at the Springs of Western Virginia, by Mark
Pencil, Esq. just published and for sale at the bookstore of
june 24 Between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. Av.
POPULAR LECTURES ON GEOLOGY, by
Professor K. C. Von Leonhard.-This work (men-
tioned at length in the National Intelligencer of Tuesday) is for
sale by F. TAYLOR, who will receive subscriptions forthe se-
ries, or sell single numbers.
The work can be sent through the mail at a trifling periodi-
cal postage to any part of the United States. july 18
Circuit Court of the District of Columbia for the
county of Washington.
Seth Hyatt, administrator of William Whelan,
William Drane and others, the heirs at law of Sarah Delany,
deceased, and the devisees of Patrick Delany, deceased.
H E Bill in this case states that William Whelan, in his
life time, filed his bill in said Court against the adminis-
trators of Patrick Delany, and against John Sinon and Mary his
wife, Charles and Margaret Drane, and the said William Drane,
the heirs at law of Sarah Delany, and set forth that said Pa-
trick Delany was, at the time of his death, indebted to the said
William Whelan in the sum of one hundred and fifty dollars,
and also to divers other persons in large sums of money, with-
out leaving personal estate sufficient for the payment of his
debts : that the said Patrick Delany was, at the time of his
death, seized of an estate in fee, in part of lot No. 23, in square
No. 254, in Washington city, District ofColumbia; that by his
last will he devised his estate in manner following, to wit, one
half to his wife, the said Sarah Delany, one-fourth to the said
William Whelan, and the residue to James Delany, in fee sim-
ple, and appointed the said Sarah and William his executors :
that the said named executors, being aliens, were not qualified,
and letters of administration, with the will annexed, were
granted to John Sinon and William Dowling, who accepted the
trust, and have fully administered the personal estate of said
Patrick Delany, which has been exhausted in the payment of
Uis debts, leaving the debt due to the said William Whelan un-
paid : that said Sarah Delany is since dead, leaving Margaret
Drane, Mary Sinon, the wife of John Sinon, Charles Drane, and
William Drane, her heirs at law, all of whom he made defend-
ants to the said bill of complaints, and played the Court to de-
cree a sale of said real estate in aid of the said personal estate
to pay the debts of the said Patrick Delany : that said defend-
ants were served with process, and appeared to the said suit, but
did not answer the bill ofcomplaint.
The bill of revivor in the cause states the death of the said
William Whelan, by which the said original suit was abated ;
that letters of administration on his personal estate were grant-
ed to tVe said Seth Hyatt; that the said William Whelan died
intestate, leaving one child, an infant named Mary Ann Whe-
lan. The object of the bill of revivor is to have the said origi-
nal suit revived, and placed in the same state in which it stood
at the death of the said William Whelan, and that the Court
may decree in conformity with the prayer of the said original
bill, and grant the complainant such other relief as to the Court
may seem right; and, forasmuch as the said William Whelan
is not a resident of the District of Columbia, and cannot be
found therein, it is by th'e subscriber, a Judge of the Circuit
Court of the Distri-t of Columbia, this 25th day of June, in the
year 1839, ordered that the said William Drane be and appear
in the said Court on or before the fourth Monday in November
next, to answer the said bill of complaint and bill of revivor, or
the several matters and things therein contained shall be taken
for confessed against him, and the said original suit shall stand re-
vived, and suci decree made in the premises as to the Court shall
seem right: provided the complainant, Seth Hyatt, caeus- this
order and the substance and object of the said bills of complaint
and revivor to be published in the National Intelligencer once
a week for six weeks successively, the first insertion thereof to
appear at least four months before the said fourth Monday in
November riext. WM. CRANCH,
Chief Judge, &c.
True copy-Test: WM. BRENT, Clerk.
MARBURY, Attorney for the complainants.
Circuit Court of the District of Columbia for the
County of Washington.-In Chancery.
Joseph Edmund Law, by Mary Robinson, his next friend,
James Adams, the heirs and representatives of William Blane,
rFjH E BILL of complaint in substance states that on the
S 5th of August, 1834, Thomas Law, late of Washington
county, in the District of Columbia, died seized of a valuable
real and personal estate, having previously executed a valid
last will and testament, duly proved in the Orphan.,' Court for
the county aforesaid, by which he bequeathed to the complain-
ant the sum of one thousand dollars, to be paid to him on his ar-
rival at twenty-one years of age-the said sum to be invested,
and the proceeds thereof to be applied towards the support and
education of the complainant during his minority; that by said
last will and testament James Adams, of said county, was ap-
pointed executor thereof, and that the said Adams accepted said
office, and entered on the duties of the same. The bill then
charges that said Adams. as executor, has not discharged the
trusts in said will for the benefit of the complainant, although
he has assets sufficient to discharge all the trusts of said will.
The bill then prays that Adams may render an account of all
the real personal and mixed estate of said testator, showingfuliy
what part has been sold, (if any,) and for what purpose, and
the amount of the rents and profits of said estate ; and then
prays that so much of said real estate as may be necessary for
that purpose be decreed to be sold to satisfy the legacy to thle
complainant according to the sterns of said last will. The bill
further states that the said Thomas Law, on the 17th of July,
1823, executed to William Blane, of Winkfield Park, in Great
Britain, a declaration of trust to secure to said Blane an undi-
vided sixth part in and to a certain portion of the real estate of
the said Thomas Law, as appears by an exhibit in this cause ;
that the said William Blane died abroad, and by his last will
and testament nominated, as his executors, trustees, and devi-
sees Nathaniel Newnham, George Lewis Newnham Colling-
wood, William Maxwell, Alexander and William Lewis Rham,
and by a codicil thereto associated with the said named persons
David Anderson Blanc and Robert Blane, (sons of the said
William;) that George Lewis Newnham Collingwood, Wil-
liam Lewis Rham, David Anderson Blane, and Robert Bane,
proved said will on the 23d December, 1835-the other named
persons refusing to act as trustees or executors; that George
Lewis Newnham Collingwood is since deceased, and all
the other named executors, trustees, and devisees of said Wil-
liam Blane reside in foreign parts beyond the jurisdiction of
said Court; that Thomas Law also left certain unknown repre-
sentatives and heirs who esside beyond the jurisdiction, and that
Edmund and Thomas Law, (the sons of John Law,) who also
reside abroad, are interested under said will or otherwise. The
bill further states that the said Thomas Law, in his lifetime, ex-
ecuted, as is supposed, (though this fact is not admitted,) cer-
tain nuptial contracts, various deeds of trust for the benefit of
his wife, formerly Eliza P. Custis; that the said Eliza P. is
dead, leaving various heirs and legal representatives, all of
whom reside beyond the jurisdiction of said Court, and are un-
known, except Edmund, Eliza, and Eleanor Rodgers, (infants.)
The bill then prays that all said absent persons may be made de-
fendants and answer thereto, and that Thomas Law, the son of
Margaret Jones, may also be made defendant and answer there-
to, he being interested under said last will and testament. And
forasmuch as it appears that the heirs of Thomas Law, de-
ceased, and particularly Edmund and Thomas Law, as also the
devisees and representatives of William Blane, deceased, and
the heirs and representatives of Eliza P. Law, (formerly Cus-
tis,) and particularly Edmund, Eliza, and Eleanor Rodgers,
(infants,) all reside beyond the jurisdiction of the Circuit Court
LORIDA WATER, Genuine, always on hand for
sale at the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store, between
11th and 12th streets, Penn. avenue.
june 28 LEWIS JOHNSON.
D AWES'S POEMS, a further supply just received at.
the Bookstore of R. FARNHAM,
june 24 Between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania av.
PARLEY'S MAGAZINE FOR JUNE.
Also, the quarter No. 26, and all the back numbers, for
sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
june 27 R. FARNHAM.
SEW NOV ELS.-Sketches of Public Characters, Dis-
N courses, and Essays, to which is added a Dissertation on.
the Eloquence of the Ancients, by Henry Lord Brougham, in
Also, Francia's Reign of Terror, being a Sequelto Letters
on Paraguay, by J. P. aud W. P. Robertson, in 2 vols.
Also, Adam Buff and other Men of Character, by Douglas
Jerrold, in 2 vols.
Also, Isabel, or Sicily a Pilgrimage, by Henry T. Tucker-
man, author of the Italian Sketch Book, are this day received,
and for sale by W. M. MORRISON,
june 7 [Globe] Four doors west of Brown's Hotel.
REHORE'S AND BARTLETT'S PLAYING
CARDS at Manufacturers prices.- F. TAYLOR
has on hand a large supply of all the best varieties of Cohen's,
Bartlett's, and Crehore's Playing Cards, the property ofthe
Manufacturers, who put their best cards into his hands in quan-
tities, allowing him a commission, for the purpose of enabling
him to sell to dealers in the article, or to those purchasing by the
quantity, at the lowest New York and Boston prices. These
terms will be strictly complied with, and purchasers may have
the advantage of a personal selection, combined with the saving
of postage, freight, insurance, and exchange, by calling to ex-
amine his supply before sending their orders to the North.
ENNIS'S SILK MANUAL, conjoining complete
.ED directions for cultivating the different kinds of mulberry
trees, feeding silk-worms, and manufacturing silk to profit,
adapted to the wants of the American cultivator, and believed
to contain more practical information than any similar work
now before the Public; with a supplement of extractsfrom va-
rious authors in relation to the profit of raising silk; by Jona-
than Dennis, jr. of Portsmouth, Rt 1. an experienced silk-grow-
er, and inventor of the Patent Premium Silk-Spinner and
Twister, and the Patent Contra Twist Silk Reel, &c. is this
day received and for sale by W. M. MORRISON, 4 doors west
of Brown's Hotel; price 25 cents. june 13
A TRUNK AND BINDERS' BOARDS.--Receiv-
I ed a few days since, at Stationers' Hall, a large quantity
of Trunk and Binders' Boards, from the celebrated manufac-
turers, George Bird & Son and T. Jones. The arrangements
made with these gentlemen will enable me to furnish their
boards on the very best terms. *
june 13- -eo3w [Adv] W. FISCHER.
7'ORTESA, or, The Usurer Match'd;' by N. P.
"L Willis : Bianca Visconti, or, The Heart Overtasked; by
N. P. Willis: and Athenia of Damascus, by Rufus Dawes.
The three first numbers of Colman's Dramatic Library.
Just received, and for sale at the bookstore of
june 13 Between 9th and 10th sts. Penn. avenue.
RACES AND INDIA-RUBBER GUARDS.
GThe subscriber has just received a fresh supply, recently
imported, of Graces for exercise, and the very fashionable In-.
dia-rubber Guards, both first quality, for sale at the old Snuff,
Tobacco, and Fancy Store, between 1 lth and 12th streets, Penn.
june 17 LEWIS JOHNSON.
6 9 LBS. SUPERIOR SEALING WAX.-
600 W. FISCHER has just received from England
the above quantity of best extra superfine Sealing Wax.
A L'ABRI, or, The Tent Pitch'd; by N. P. Witlis.
The letters which form the present volume were writ-
tea in the Valley of the Susquehannah, from a beautiful glen
some eighty miles above Wyoming. The author, after many
years' travel in Europe and the East, has there pitch'd his
Just received, and for sale between 9th and 10th streets,
may 16 R. PARNHAM.
ORTY Po-0uDS lTNLIlSH PERFUMED
F FANCY SEALING- WAX.-W. FISCHE has
just opened superior English Sealing Wax, in small stfc,
highly perfumed, and comprising every color that is manufac-
Also, Medallion, Arabesque, Transparent, and Pea Wafers,
of various colors.
All of which is constantly kept for sale at Stationers' Hall.
EW BOOKS.-The American Lounger, or Tales,
N Sketches, and Legends gathered in sundry journeyings,
by the author of Lafitte," &c. in two volumes 12mo.
Also, Precaution, by the author of "The Spy," &c. Just re-
ceived and for sale at
july 1-3t Penn. Av. between 1tth and 12th streets.
p OTOMAC AQUEDUCT, exhibited practically and
scientifically, in a volume, containing twenty-eight sheets
of drawings, plans, &c. Size 2 feet by 18 inches, with an ac-
companying volume of letter press. Two copies for sale by
juily3 F. TAYLOR.
STEPHENS'S BLUE FLUID.-A large assortment
of the above article, genuine, in various size bottles, to be
had at the lowest prices, between 9th and 10th streets, Penn-
june 27 R. FARNHAM.
EW BOOKS.-Discourses on some of the Doctrinal
ANticles of the Church of England.
Also, Lectures on the History of Saint Peter, by the Rev.
Henry Blunt, A. M. Rector ofStreatham, Surry, late Fellow of
Pembroke College, Cambridge, and Chaplain to his Grace the \
Duke of Richmond; first American, from the late Iondon
Also, a fresh supply of the Metropolitan Pulpit, or Sketches
of the Most Popular Preachers in London, by the author of Ran-
dom Reeollections, The Great Metropolis, Travels in Town, &c.
&c. This day received, apd for sale by
W. M. MORRISON,
july 15 [Glo] Four doors west of Brown's Hotel.
IS SHERBURNE'S TALES.-Imogene, or The
Pirate's Treasure, the Demon's Cave; tales by Georgi-
anne Humphreys Sherburne. This is all as tnue as it is
Just published, and for sale by ----
WM. M. MORRIKUN,
[Gloj 4 doors west of Brow-'s Hotel.
N OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that I have ap-
1. plied to the Judge of the Orphans' Court of Washington
county, District of Columbia, for letters of administration on.
the personal estate of John Laughan, deceased, and the follow-
ing order was made :
Ordered, that letters of administration be granted to Leon%
ard Harbaugh, on the estate of John Laughan, unless cause to
the contrary be shown on or before the first Tuesday in August
next; provided he give notice in the Globe and Intelligencer
once a week for three successive weeks prior to said first
Tuesday in August next.
july 10-w3w [Glo] LEONARD HARBAUGH.
THE ARTISTS AND MECHANICS' REPOS-
ITORY, and Workingman's Informant, em-
bracing Chemistry, abstracts of Electricity, Galvanism, Mag-
netism, Mechanics, Pneumatics, Optics, and Astronomy. Also,
Mechauical Exercises in iron, steel, lead, zinc, copper, and tin
soldering, with a description of the slide-rule, its definitions and
examples, illustrating every manner of its use, which is applica-
ble to every mode of measurement, and to all the mechanical
powers. Also, a great variety of useful receipts. By James
Just published and for sale by R. FARNHAM,
july 12 Between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. Av.
JACK DOWNING PAPERS, first series, complete in
four numbers, consisting of John Smith's Letters, with
"picters" to match, containing reasons why J. hn Smith should
not change his name, Miss Debby Smith s Juvenile Spirit, a
Chapter on Animal Magnetism, together with the only authen-
tic History extant of the Late War in our Disputed Territory,
Is L. I I I I-CI-l~ III _I I II
- ----i- --
Affir~r~tlQ10A AR -n var~tUnfn, v
Of the General Committee oJ stockholders
of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company,
presented on the 5th day of August, 1839, and
unanimously adopted by the Stockholders in
General Meeting on that day.
PUBLISHED BY ORDER OF THE STOCKHOLDERS.
The GENERAL COMMITTEE of the Stockholders of the
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, appointed at the general
meeting on the 3d of June last, beg leave to submit the fol-
lowing report :
The committee have been charged with an examination
of the proceedings of the company, -and of the president and
directors particularly, during the preceding twelvemonth.
A performance of this duty seems especially appropriate at
this the most interesting period in our history. The com-
mittee have, therefore, thought it proper to lay before the
stockholders a more comprehensive view of the progress,
present position, and prospects of the company, than might,
under other circumstances, have been deemed necessary.
In the performance of this task, a sub-committee was ap-
pointed, to which was confided the duty of investigating
the pecuniary and fiscal concerns of the company. That
duty has been performed with equal industry and ability;
and the report of the sub-committee, hereunto annexed, will
exhibit fully the results to which this examination has led.
It cannot be deemed useless or unprofitable to look back
upon some of the important incidents which have occurred
since the first organization of the company; to view the
embarrassments and difficulties which have from time to
time obstructed our progress; to estimate the resources and
means which were available in overcoming these impedi-
ments; and thus to appreciate the sagacity, the firmness,
and the ability wilh which the affairs of the company have
The idea of rendering the Potomac river the medium of
communication between the Atlantic and the Western
waters was, as is well known, long cherished, and zealous-
ly promoted, by General Washington. His practical ac-
quaintance with the territory traversed by this magnificent
river; his clear and comprehensive views of the great poli-
tical and commercial interests of the country; his ardent
yet tempered patriotism, qualified him, in an eminent de-
gree, to form a correct judgment upon the subject. To it
he, therefore, directed his best energies, and as early as the
year 1784 he presided at a meeting of commissioners, re-
presenting the two States of Virginia and Maryland, at
which measures were recommended for the purpose of
opening a communication with the waters which ewpty
into the Ohio. The Potomac Company received its char-
ter from Virginia in the same year, and various legislative
enactments of a subsequent date attest the continuance of
the interest felt in this'enterprise. Neither the capacities
of the country, nor the improvements in science, were,
however, competent, at that early day, to connect such re-
mote regions by a continuous canal; and the improvements
effected by the Potomac Company, although involving
heavy expenses, were too insignificant in their character,
and sometimes too injudicious in their execution, to realize
the benefits which the sanguine friends of the undertaking
The experience furnished by the last war with Great
Britain first thoroughly opened the eyes of the nation-to
the prodigious political and commercial benefits which
were to flow from a connexion, through the instrumen-
tality of works of internal improvement, between remote
sections of the country. The magnificent work connect
ing the Hudson with the great lakes, the improvement of
the great thoroughfares of communication in Pennsylvania,
furnished fresh stimulants to enterprise; and Maryland
and Virginia again had their zeal re-enkindled in relation to
the waters of the Potorma6. The superior advantages at-
tached to this route awakened a corresponding interest in
Pennsylvania and Ohio; and in November, 1823, a highly
respectable convention, composed of delegates chosen by
the People of various counties in the States of Virginia,
Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Ohio, and by the several
corporations of the District of Columbia, assembled in the
city of Washington, to take into consideration the practi-
cability and expediency of uniting, by a canal navigation,
the waters of the Chesapeake bay with those of the Ohio
river, and to devise ways and means to effect that object.
The proceedings of this meeting are replete with inte-
rest. Various committees were appointed to promote the
greaftenterprise, in the successful prosecution of which so,
many various parties were now engaged. Through their
instrumentality, a charter of incorporation was obtained
from the various legislative bodies through whose jurisdic-
tion the principal part of the contemplated works was to
be carried; commissioners were appointed by the Execu-
tive of the General Government to open books of subscrip-
tion; and the prospect of rapidly accomplishing the object
so highly desired was universally regarded as highly en-
couraging. Inri 13 another-conventi6n -w held at the
same place, and the increase in the number of the dele-
. -gates who attended, and of the interests represented, was
still more flattering. So' general and pervading was the
zeal now exhibited towards this great enterprise, and so
obviously was it the policy of the General Government to
participate largely in its execution, that the original parties
tothe scheme (the-States of Maryland and Virginia and
the District of Colwmbia) assented to a change in the plan
as originally conceived, and to an enlargement of the di-
mensions and capacities of the canal, so as to adapt it to all
the purposes of a national work. The plan, as first con-
templated, involved an estimated expenditure of $2,750,-
000; and in the distribution of this sum among the princi-
pal parties, two-elevenths were apportioned to the State'of
Maryland, three-elevenths to the State of Virginia, four-
elevenths to the United States, and two-elevenths to the
Such was the relative amount of the interest of these
several parties, as then understood. Little doubt can be
entertained, after all the experience we have had on the
subject, that the work, as designed in the first instance,
would have been accomplished to Cumberland for a sum
not largely exceeding this estimate. When, however, it
appeared that thirteen counties in Pennsylvania, and five
in Ohio, elected delegates to represent their interests in the
convention; when the President had drawn the attention
of Congress to this great project, and the Legislature of
the Union had indicated a corresponding feeling in the
subject; when men of pre-eminent ability and high stand-
ing in the nation, from States more remotely situated, parti-
cipated in the proceedings, and lent all the influence of
their exalted characters to encourage us in our determina-
tion; it was not considered as an act of imprudence to
yield to the expressed wishes of the Representatives of the
nation in adopting a more enlarged plan for the canal, al-
though such deviation might involve an increased expendi-
ture of thrice the original estimate. Under these power-
ful influences, however, the alteration was made, and for a
brief period all was encouraging and flattering. These
bright days were, however, of short continuance. The
United States, whose wishes and interests had been espe-
cially regarded, subscribed one million of dollars, the pre-
cise amount of the proportion assigned to her of the origi-
nal estimate of $2,750,000. Ohio, become engrossed in
objects of more immediate interest; has never, by word or
deed, aided us in our enterprise. Pennsylvania, absorbed
in projects of internal improvement which lie more exclu-
sively within her own limits, has looked with an unfriendly
eye.ypon a work in which a large and wealthy portion of
the State is so deeply interested. Virginia, the original
suggester, and for a series of years the ardent friend of our
enterprise, became lukewarm in the cause; and her limited
contributions might induce a suspicion that she had been
animated rather by a desire to derive benefit from the ex-
penditures of others, than zealously to further the great
object of common interest. The small sum of $170,000
is the whole amount of her appropriations to the main stem
of the canal. Nor was this all. Almost contemporane-
ously with the organization of the Canal Company, the
Baltimore and Ohio railroad sprang into existence, and not
only withdrew from the former much of the interest which
it had awakened, but, believing itself the especial favorite
of Maryland, and confident in its own power thus forti-
fied, it entered at once into a contest with the Canal Com-
pany, which, durinor its continuance, seriously embarrassed
the operations of t'e latter, and in its results worked only
injury to each party.
Thus disappointed, and thus impeded, the progress of
the canal was far short of the sanguine anticipations which
had been formed under the circumstances to which we
L,-.-- rr"L -i __ e .1 1 '. .
con ng of a large number of delegates from Pennsylva- passes at a distance of eight miles to Hancock, being for
-',ia, Oh, Virginia, Maryland, and the District of Colum- (two miles alongside of the canal. Indeed, for a space of
b IQ-) nubled in the city of Baltimore. It was correctly half a mile, at Mill-stone point, the canal occupies the an-
stated in one of the memorials emanating from this body, cient bed of the road; the company having been compelled,
that the convention represented the interests and wishes for this extent, to construct, at a considerable expense, a
of thirty distinct counties and cities, containing a popula- new road.
tion of at least a million -and a half of citizens of this From the aqueduct over the Licking to the upper end of
Union; and that its proceedings had been marked with a the 14-mile level, lock No. 51, a distance of little more than
unanimity of feeling and of opinion rarely equalled, and 6 miles, the canal passes over several culverts, with the
never surpassed, in any similar body of men." Memorials berm end of three of which are connected masonry waste-
were presented to the Congress of the United States, to the weirs, that have their outlets through the culverts. About
Legislatures of Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, midway of this distance is a stop-gate, near the lower end
and to the city of Baltimore, soliciting further aid towards of another large pool, of about one-fourth of the superficies
the work. It was deemed inexpedient even to present such of that above described. This pool has been formed by
a request to the Legislature of Ohio. With the exception transferring the tow-path from the main land to an island.
of the State of Maryland, all these efforts were unaccom- Locks Nos. 51 and 52 are each of 8 feet lift, and are con-
panied with success, structed of a limestone obtained from quarries about 2J miles
Disheartened by these adverse circumstances, many now distant, in the rear of Hancock. About 200 feet above the
despaired of the undertaking. Every exertion had been head of lock No. 52 is aqueduct No. 7, passing over the Big
made, and every means employed, to draw public attention Tonoloway. This is a fine specimen of masonry. There
to a subject of the deepest and most pervading interest; is but a single arch, the span of which would be 80 feet,
but all had proved unavailing. The State of Maryland, with a rise of 20 feet segment of a circle, were it not that
thus left to her own resources, has, after a full examina- the arch on the eastern side of the creek springs from a
tion of the subject, boldly encountered the hazard, and de- natural rock abutment, the surface of which is several feet
termined upon completing the canal with her own -means, higher than the level of the masonry abutment; thereby
Should her efforts meet with a success proportionate to the cutting off, on the lower side of the creek, all that part of
wisdom and zeal which she has manifested, she will reap the 80 feet span and 20 feet rise. Instead, therefore, of a
a rich~reward for her munificent and liberal exertions. No width of 80 feet for the water-way of the creek under the
danger can be apprehended, unless from those derangements canal, the width is reduced to about 56 feet. With one of
which occasionally occur in the money market; and by the berm wings of this aqueduct there is connected a waste-
prudence, judgment, and skill, these may in general be an- weir.
ticipated and guarded against. Hancock lies about 1 mile above. Along this distance
It may not be deemed amiss, at this period in our history, the work has involved a considerable expense, in conse-
to present to the view of the stockholders and the public a quence of the precautions which it became necessary to
brief sketch of what has been accomplished in the progress adopt to guard against leakage within and the river with-
of this great work, and what remains to perfect the design. out, the canal being constructed partly in the river, and
In the summer of 1831, so much of the canal as was then partly in very open slate-rock excavation.
completed and in progress received a critical examination Immediately below Hancock there is a road culvert of
by Colonels Abeit and Kearney, specially assigned to that 12 feet span and 12 feet elevation, for the accommodation
duty by the War Department. In the year 1833, a further of the road to Bath; and a short distance above the town
examination was made, by Captain McNeill, of the whole is a large culvert of 40 feet span and 14 feet rise over the
work then completed or under contract. The former of Little Tonoloway. Hancock, like the other towns upon
these surveys extended from the basin at Georgetown to the line of the canal, already exhibits obvious marks of
the Point of Rocks, a distance of 48 miles ; the latter to improvement; and, situated as it is, at the spot where the
the guard-lock succeeding dam No. 5, above Williamsport, large amount of travelling from the West encounters the
a distance of more than 107 miles. A reference to the reports canal, possesses advantages which her enterprising citi-
ofthesegentlemenwillfurnishanideaofthedifficultieswhich zens have not been slow to perceive, or remiss in appropri-
had been encountered and surmounted up to the period of ating. The facilities which the canal affords for reaching
their respective examinations, as well as the character of the Bath, only 6 miles from Hancock, it may reasonably be in-
work which had been performed. The necessity for any feared, will give additional interest and advantages to that
minuteness in reference to that portion of the canal is thus attractive place.
wholly superseded. It may be sufficient to state, that be- The level above lock No. 52 extends 7 miles, and, pass-
low the level of the Point of Rocks, at an elevation of 217 ing Hancock, we cross between that place and lock No.
feet above the basin at Georgetown, there are constructed 53, at a distance of 5J miles, a road culvert and four of
27 locks, generally of eight feet lift; 59 culverts,including smaller dimensions, with the head of one of which is con-
roadways of various dimensions, from a single one of two feet nected a masonry waste-weir. Upon the same level are a
span to the largest, having two arches of 16 feet span each ; waste and waste-weir. At the waste there has been erect-
two aqueducts-No. 1, across the Seneca river, of 114 feet ed a cement mill between the tow-path and the river. The
in length between the abutments, consisting of three cement is procured from the precipitous cliff on the berm
arches of 35 feet span each; and No. 2, over the Monoca- side of the canal, where it is found in very large quanti-
cy, of 438 feet between the abutments, and 516 feet from ties, and the quality is very superior. The immediate ob-
end to end of the wing-walls, consisting of seven arches of ject of the construction of this mill has been to supply the
54 feet span each ; two artificial dams extending across the canal-works between dam No. 6 and the tunnel with the
Potomac-No. 1, at the head of the Little falls, of 1,750 necessary cement; but it may be advantageously employ-
feet in length, and No. 2, at Seneca, of 2,500 feet in length ed, after the completion of the canal to Cumberland, for
Between the Point of Rocks and dam No. 5, there are 60 the general supply of that valuable article. This mill is
culverts of various dimensions; three aqueducts-No. 3, situated at the commencement of the very heavy work at
over the Catoctin, of two arches each of 20 feet, and a third Round hill, which reaches about a mile. Immediately
of 40 feet span ; No. 4, over the Antietam, of 108 feet in above that, is a little more than a mile in extent of easy
length between the abutments, with two arches each of 28 work, which is again succeeded by a mile of heavy work,
feet span, and a third of 40; No. 5, crossing the Conoco- along the slate bluffs below lock No. 53.
cheague at Williamsport, of three arches of 60 feet each, Lock No. 53 is of sandstone, taken from quarries about
and 196 feet between the abutments ; 17 lift locks, and 2 3 miles distant, and has the usual lift of 8 feet. Upon the
dams constructed for the purpose of supplying the canal 4. miles which intervene between this lock and dam No.
with water. In addition to the 44 lift-locks which have 6, are two road culverts, three common culverts, and a
been mentioned above, by which the canal has overcome waste connected with the tow-path end of one of the cul-
an elevation of 353 feet, there are several guard-locks at the verts. Within the same distance are three sections (of
entrances of the feeders, and lift-locks designed for the ac- half a mile each) of river embankment, which appear to
commodation of the Virginia trade, which at those points have been constructed in the most durable manner.
is received from the river into the canal. A short distance below dam No. 6 is lock No. 54, which
In reference to so much of the work as extends above connects with the canal above the dari. The feeder from
dam No. 5, the committee have thought it expedient to give the river enters the canal at the foot of this lock, running
somewhat more in detail a statement of the work which close alongside of the canal between locks Nos. 54 'and
has been completed, as well as that in progress, or yet to be 55; the latter lock, of 8 feet lift, being connected with the
placed under contract. The whole of this work has been abutment of the dam. The guard-lock to the feeder is al-
personally inspected by the committee ; and we have been so connected with the same abutment. Alongside of this
furnished with the specifications by Mr. Fisk, the chief en- lock is a culvert, built like an ordinary canal culvert,
gineer. which serves as a flume for feeding the canal. The guard-
Ascending the river above the dam, there is found a half lock and the abutment of the dam are raised above the
mile of slack-water navigation, superseding the heavy and highest elevation to which, at this place, the river has ever
difficult work which the extension of the ordinary canal been known to reach.
would have required, which conducts us to locks Nos. 45 Dam No. 6 is 475 feet in length, and has a fall of near-
and 46. From thence there is a level of one mile and a ly 16 feet. It is a crib-dam, and on the upper side has the
half, to the four locks at Prather's neck. At this point the same slope and form as dams Nos. 4 and 5. There is,
canal i4 extended across the neck of land, a distance of however, a very material difference in the construction of
three-fourths of a mile; thus avoiding a bend in the river the lower side. From the highest point or apex of the
of nearly five miles. The level now attained (extending dam, the slope or inclination is much less than in the dams
up to lock No. 51, one mile and three-quarters below Han- lower down the river. The fall is only 5 feet in a distance
cock,-a distance of 14 miles) is of greater length than any of 25 feet, at the end of which it assumes the perpendicu-
other on the whole line of the canal between Georgetown lar shape. This fiorm of the dam was preferred as the
-and Cumberland. Lock No. 52 is less than a fourth of a best calculated to protect it from the reaction of the water,
mile above lock No. 51. The level now reached carries and from receiving injury from heavy bodies thrown over
us a distance of seven miles to lock No. 53, from which it at the high stages of the river; and experience has
there is another level of four and a half miles, extending to shown its decided advantages in these respects. The line
dam No. 6, three-fourths of a mile above the mouth of the of this dam is not exactly straight. At the distance of 150
Cacapon. The space between the two dams thus describ- feet from either abutment are points that are 5 feet out of
ed constitutes the 27k miles of new canal opened for navi- (and in a direction up stream) the straight line drawn
nation early in April last. This portion of the work passes from end to end of the dam. The lines from the abutment,
through a valuable and fertile country, and is worthy to this point, and from point to point, are however straight.
of all commendation for the skill with which it has been In some other particulars this dam differs from those
constructed. Every part of it bears the appearance of per- which have been mentioned. There is an additional range
manence and durability; and its freedom from breaches, of timbers midway, under the front slope of the dam, from
and even from any important leaks, during this early pe- the foundation up. There are also additional timbers up-
riod after its construction, and with a depth of water of on which the slope rests, and this slope is covered with 6-
from five to six feet, justifies and confirms the opinion inch plank.
which the inspection ofthe work would create. The Virginia abutment is constructed of limestone from
The level of one and a half mile between locks Nos. 46 a quarry on that side of the rier, within the distance of a
and 47 passes Charles's mill and Charles's cliffs. The em- mile; and the Maryland abutment, guard-lock, and flume,
bankment has here been peculiarly difficult, being, for the are built with sandstone from quarries in Maryland, at
distance of nearly halfa mile, formed in the river in water about the same distance. In the plan of the works con-
of 20 feet in depth. It wears the appearance of as much nected with this dam, provision has been made for a con-
strength as such a location would seem to require. Over nexion with any improvement which may hereafter be
lock No. 46 is a tow-path bridge, by which.the horses em- made up the valley of the Cacapon. The water is back-
ployed in towing the boat are again transferred from the ed by the instrumentality of this dam distance of 5 miles,
hill side to the river side of the canal, which they had left to about midway between the mouths of Sideling-hill and
at the commencement of the slack-water navigation, at the Fifteen-mile creeks.
dam below. On this level there is formed a culvert of eight The canal navigation terminates for the present at this
feet span at Charles's creek, and a waste dam. point. It is distant from the Georgetown basin 135 miles,
Locks Nos. 45 and 46 are of seven feet lift each, and the and from Cumberland 50. Throughout the whole line
four next have a lift of eight and a quarter feet each. The traversed by the canal, the committee were much gra-
whole six are cons ructed of limestone. Between locks 47 tified with the appearance of the work. Much of it has
and 48 is a road culvert 12 feet wide and 12 feet high in the now been for several years in active use, and the opinions
clear, for the accommodation of the land cut off by carrying of the gentlemen to whose minute and scientific surveys'
the canal across Prather's neck. we have before adverted have been amply confirmed. In
From lock No. 50, for a distance of one and a half mile, some instances, at an early stage of the work, errors both
to McCoy's ferry, the canal passes over a limestone coun- in location and construction, as was to be expected, were
try, at an elevation of 47 feet above the low-water surface sometimes committed. Breaches occasionally occurred ;
of the river. The various difficulties which usually belong the committee learned, with much satisfaction, so skilfully
to this character of country were anticipated and guarded have they been repaired, that not a single instance has hap-
against; so that, although sinks are met with even in the opened in which a breach has taken place in the spot which
middle of the deep-cut across Prather's neck, they have had been once injured. Some few places still exist which
not been of sufficient moment to require the water to be require vigilance and care.
drawn off the level, or the navigation to be suspended. In reference, however, to the work above Shepherdstown,
About midway of this level is a masonry waste-weir; there is exhibited a manifest improvement in the whole of
and at the upper end of it, at the point of junction between its character. The canal has not been so studiously kept
the limestone below, and the slate which is now reached, is on the very edge of the water ; and when embankments
a stop-gate, to be employed should any serious leak appear became necessary, in exposed situations, they have been
through-the limestone sinks. There are also a road culvert constructed with every necessary regard to strength. The
of ten feet spanr, and a small drain culvert, high elevation at which the canal is in general carried,
A short distance above the stop-gate, at McCoy's relieves it from the dangers occasioned by those rises
ferry, and in the same vicinity, are several smaller culverts. in the river which have at times been so great and so inju-
Passing these, about three and a half miles above lock No. rious. This improvement in the construction could not,
50, opposite Fort Frederick, there is another stop-gate, however, have been effected without the utmost vigilance,
over which passes a pivot-bridge. This is situated at the fidelity, and skill on the part not only of the engineers, but
lower point of a large pool, extending nearly two miles in of the superintendents. In a subsequent part of this re-
length, and of an average width dff about 700 feet, formed port the committee will have occasion again to advert to
principally by a low piece of swampy ground through which this subject.
the canal passes. At the upper end of the pool is another The committee explored the whole length of the unfin-
stop-gate, and about midway a masonry waste-weir. By ished part of the canal, part of them descending the river
means of these stop gates, the level of the canal may be ze- in a small open boat from Cumberland to dam No. 6,
duced above and below the pool, without affecting the which, owing to a favorable state of the water, they were
height of the water in the pool itself, which,from its great ex- enabled to accomplish, landing at and inspecting the vari-
tent, would be attended with serious inconvenience and loss ous points of interest which presented themselves; and
of time. Continuing along this 14-mile level, we pass over the residue of the company pursuing the line of the canal
a road-culvert and several smaller culverts, and reach Lick- on horseback. This part of their route employed nearly
ing creek at a distance of about eight miles above lock No. two days; and we proceed to lay before the meeting a
50. Over this creek is an aqueduct of 90 feet span, and sketch of what is interesting on this portion of the line.
15 feet rise, a segment of a circle. This is one of the We have already spoken of locks Nos. 54 and 55, in
largest, if not the largest, aqueduct arch which has been connexion with the dam; and have only further to remark
constructed in the United States. The masonry of this that they will not be reafired for une until the annual shall
materials have been prepared. It will be composed of lime-
stone, a portion of which is obtained from the Virginia
quarries near dam No. 6, and a part from the quarries in
the rear and vicinity of Hancock.
At the distance of half a mile we cross Sideling-hill
creek, by an aqueduct (No. 8) which furnishes a water-
way for the creek of 50 feet. This aqueduct, like that
over the Big Tonoloway, has a natural abutment of rock
on the lower side of the creek, from which an arch is
sprung from a level several feet higher than the level of
the opposite masonry abutment. The span of the entire
segment, of which a part is thus cut off by the rock abut-
ment, is 70 feet, with a rise of 12 feet. Considerable pro-
gress has been made in the construction of this aque-
duct, the arch being more than half turned. The cut
stone for the arch, the inside of the parapets, the coping,
and the water-table, are obtained from the limestone quar-
ry in Virginia, near dam No. 6. The residue of the stone
is from sandstone quarries at a short distance on the side
of Sideling-hill mountain, through which mountain the
Potomac breaks its way directly below the aqueduct. The
wings of this aqueduct, and, indeed, of all the aqueducts
above dam No. 5, are constructed upon the same general
plan as those of the Licking aqueduct. In short, the ge-
neral plan and character of the work is the same. Through,
and connected with, the lower berm-wing of the aqueduct,
will be a waste and waste-weir.
For a distance of 2 miles above this aqueduct are very
heavy sections of embankment and rock excavation.
These, in common with all the work extending 8 miles
above dam No. 6, are far advanced towards completion.
Along these 2 miles upwards of 200,000 cubic yards of em-
bankment have been and will be hauled from the Virginia
side of the river, which is brought over by bridges tempo-
rarily constructed of boats. This heavy embankment,
much of which has a width of 70 feet at the base, is con-
structed in the pool formed by the dam below, which has
a depth of from 10 to 15 feet, and it is raised 26 feet above
the surface of the pool.
A little more than half a mile above this heavy work
carries the canal through easy ground to lock No. 57, on a
level of three miles from the next lock below. This lock
is of 8 feet lift, and the stone employed in its construc-
tion is from the limestone quarries near dam No. 6, and
in the vicinity of Hancock. Considerable progress has
been made in this lock, and it may soon be completed.
It is designed to construct waste-weir just below the lock.
From lock 57 to lock 58 there is a level of 5 miles, up-
on which no culverts will be required ; there will, howev-
er, be two waste-weirs. Two miles above the lower end
of this level is aqueduct No. 9, over Fifteen-mile creek ;
the span of which is 50 feet, and the rise 121 feet. The
materials employed in this aqueduct are derived from a
qtqa.rry of hard sandstone in Virginia, 3 miles distant, and
are only in part got out. The construction has not been
There are heavy embankments. requiring protection
against the river, along one-half of this five-mile level,
and heavy rock hill-side excavation. The work is in gene-
ral well advanced, and in part completed.
The stone required for lock No. 58, at the upper end of
this five-mile level, must be transported a considerable dis-
tance, from the limestone quarries near dam No. 6, and the
neighborhood of Hancock. They are in part prepared,
but the construction has not been commenced.
The succeeding level, to lock No. 59, extending a dis-
tance of 21 miles, is, nearly throughout its whole line, on
the face of a steep hill side, along the margin of the river,
requiring heavy embankment, with rock protection ; it is
advancing towards completion, and one of the heavy sec-
tions has been finished. There will be only a single cul-
vert upon this level, with a waste-weir at the berm end of
it, and a waste near the upper end of the level.
Lock No. 59, of 8 feet lift, lies at the lower end of the
seven-mile bottom. Although under contract, none ofthe
materials have as yet been prepared, on account of there
not having been discovered any good quarry within a rea-
sonable distance. The length of the next le'el, to lock
No. 60, is 2J miles. This work, being of a light and easy
character, has not been put under contract, with the ex-
ception of a road culvert of 12 feet span. There will also
be one smaller culvert and a waste-weir upon this level.
Lock No. 60, also of 8 feet lift, although under contract,
has not, owing to the same circumstances which have been
stated in relation to the last-mentioned lock, yet been be-
gun. From this lock to lock No. 61, is a level of 4 miles;
the first 2 miles of which, being light, have not been plac-
ed under contract. One mile and a half will be of very
costly river work. A part of the materials for the embank-
rgent will have to be transported from Virginia, and it will
require a rock protection against the river. But little pro-
gress has been made in the work on this level. A road
culvert will be required upon this part of the canal, near
the upper end of the seven-mile bottom. It was at one
time under contract, but the contractor abandoned the
Work, and it has not been relet. There will also be two
wastes or waste-weirs upon this level.
The materials for lock No. 61 are in part prepared, hav-
ing been procured from a quarry within a short distance,
which has, however, been already'nearly exhausted, and
which cannot be relied upon to furnish the materials for
the five next locks. These locks are situated at the lower
end of the deep-cut at the entrance of the tunnel; they are
under contract to the same individual who has the three
next locks below. The quarry before spoken of was open-
ed in the confidence that it would supply a sufficiency of
stone for six of these locks, but it is much to be regretted
that this expectation has not been realized. Lock No. 61
has not yet been begun. The distance from this lock to
the lower of the five next which have been already men-
tioned, is one mile and a half: two-thirds of this distance
consists of heavy work, upon~which considerable progress
has been made. It will pass over a culvert, which is not
yet under contract, and will also have a waste. The feed-
er from dam No. 7 will be admitted upon this level. No
determination has been made whether to commence the
construction of this dam before the completion of thecanal
to Cumberland. Although some urgent reasons exist in
favor of its being done at an earlier period, with a limited
trade upon the canal, and in seasons which furnish the
ordinary quantity of water, it might certainly be dispensed
with, even without the aid of the South-branch feeder.
With.that feeder its necessity would not be felt, probably,
for some years, though ultimately it must be required.
This contemplated dam will back the water round the Paw-
paw bends to the upper entrance of the tunnel, affording a
depth of six feet water at that point; thus admitting of an
arrangement by which the tunnel may be used for boats in
one direction, while the river, connected with the canal by
locks, may be employed for the navigation in the other di-
The five locks situated at the lower end of the deep cut
conducting to the tunnel will be each of 8 feet lift. In
consequence of the want of a competent supply of the or-
dinary material within a reasonable distance, it has been
suggested that these locks, as well as those Nos. 59 and 60,
should be constructed temporarily of wood. With a view
to this alteration in the plan, experiments have been insti-
tuted, and inquiry made into the practicability of prevent-
ing the decay of timber by the use of corrosive sublimate,
which has recently attracted much notice on both sides of
the Atlantic. The whole subject is now before the Presi-
dent and Directors.
Between lock No. 66 and the lower or northern entrance
of the tunnel, is a deep-cut, 2,400 feet in length, contain-
ing 100,000 cubic yards of rock excavation. At the deep-
est point, which is at the opening of the tunnel, the cutting
will be 79 feet in depth, through a slate rock. A large
part of this deep-cut has been excavated, though still the
entire opening of the tunnel has not been exposed to view.
Within a few days an opening has been made from the
deep cut into-the tunnel-heading, which had been worked
from one of the shafts up to the north end of the tunnel.
The deep-cut and four of the locks (Nos. 63, 64, 65, and
and 66) are in the mouth of a ravine called Athy's Hol-
low, from the extremity of which the canal is conducted
by the tunnel to a valley in which the river is again met.
The direction of this stupendous work is south 6 deg.
west. When completed, it will have a width of 24 feet,
(of which the tQw-path will occupy 5 feet,) a depth of wa-
ter of 7 feet, and an elevation in the clear, above the wa-
ter surface, of 17 feet. Beyond these dimensions, there is
an allowance in the excavation for a brick arch of 18 inches
de th. The entire length of the tunnel is 3,118 feet.
The upper part of this work is a semi-circular arch of
24 feet diameter, the horizontal diameter furnishing the 24
feet width of tunnel. Below this horizontal diameter, the
sides of the tunnel are slightly curved inwards, so as to
give to a full cross-section a horse-shoe shape, supposing
the tow-nath out of the way.
end of the tunnel, in the period of two years, without the
aid of shafts; that from the lowerend has been accomplish-
ed, until the recent opening from the deep-cut, wholly
through two double shafts.
The shafts in question consist each of two single shafts,
each having a diameter of 8 feet, and at a distance of 23
feet from centre to centre. They are directly overthe cen-
tre line of the tunnel. One of these shafts (that nearest to
the north end of the tunnel, and 362 feet from that point)
has a depth of 122 feet. The other is 188 feet deep, and is
897 feet from the same north end.
These shafts were so located as to make availaBle two
ravines crossing the lines of the tunnel, thereby diminish-
ing their depth ; the greatest elevation of the surface of the
ground through which the tunnel is conducted being 360
feet. These shafts were highly important in the prosecu-
tion of the work. The deep-cut at the upper or south end
of the tunnel was speedily excavated, so as to admit of
working directly from that point. At the north end, how-
ever, such was the nature and extent of the cut, that it has
not been practicable, until within a few days, to work at
the tunnel from the exterior. By means of the shafts, the
contractor has been enabled to take out the heading in four
directions at the same time, and thus greatly to expedite
The heading, of which frequent mention has been made,
is the excavation of the upper half of the tunnel, which is
first taken out, and which has been worked at' the points
mentioned, night and day, without intermission, (except-
ing on Sundays,) by three sets of hands, who are each occu-
pied 8 hours out of the 24. The bottoming consists in the
excavation of the residue of the tunnel. This can be work-
ed with much more rapidity, and at half the expense of the
Since the connexion has been opened between theshafts,
and from them to the north end of the tunnel, the heading
will be carried on from only two breasts. The rate al
which the work has hitherto been accomplished justifies a
confident belief that the entire heading can be completed
within a year, and that the entire tunnel may be finished
as early as the rest of the canal to Cumberland.
This portion of the work is calculated to awaken the
admiration of the spectator. Carried, for the distance of
three-fifths of a mile, through a solid rock, in places more
than 300 feet beneath the superincumbent surface, it is be-
lieved that it has not been surpassed, if it has yet been
equalled, in any part of the United States. Notwithstand-
ing the heavy expenditure involved in this and the adja-
cent work, this plan of construction was recommended by
many-powerful considerations. The distance from river to
river, through the tunnel, is a little short of a mile and a
half; whereas, between the same points, following the
course of the stream, which is here exceedingly tortuous,
and, on the Maryland side, presents, for a considerable part
of the route, almost an unbroken lofty rock-cliff, the dis-
tance is 6Q miles. Independently, therefore, of all other
grounds of preference, the present line of the canal short-
ens the distance 5 miles, and saves the expense of so much
A short deep cut at the upper end of the tunnel conducts
the canal again to the valley of the Potomac, at an eleva-
tion of 45 feet above the river. The excavation of this cut
was so far advanced twoyearssince, as to allow of the com-
mencementofthe tunnel heading in that quarter at that time.
This high level, thus obtained, and which was adopted
to accommodate the tunnel, carries the canal, by a deep-cut
three-fourths of a mile above the tunnel, across a bend of
the river, by which another mile of distance is saved. This,
added to the 5 miles at the tunnel, shows a total of 6 miles
in distance saved by this plan of operation.
This deep-cut, at Mitchell's neck, was placed under con-
tract two years since; and, after comparatively but a small
portion of the work was accomplished, was abandoned by
the contractor. It has been recently relet, and the work is
again in progress. From the peculiar difficulties which are
presented at this place, this section, in relation to the time
required for its completion, is one of the heaviest, if not the
very heaviest, which remains to be executed below Cum-
berland. The deepest cutting is 40 feet, and a large part
of the excavation will be slate-rock.
From lock No. 66 (the first below the tunnel) to lock
No. 67, the level is 7 miles. The upper end of the deep-
cut at Mitchell's neck is nearly two miles above the first
named lock. One-half of the remaining 5 miles, to lock
No. 67, will be a heavy and expensive river work, requir-
ing costly embankments covered with rock protection. This
work is not far advanced; but appearances justify the be-
lief that it will be carried on vigorously. There will be
required on this level one road and one common culvert;
neither of which has yet been placed under contract.
Lock No. 67, which is of 8 feet lift, is now under con-
tract; it was formerly let, but abandoned by the contractor.
From that lock to the one next above No. 68, opposite
to the mouth of the South branch, is a distance of 3 miles.
Only one half mile of this level is under contract; the resi-
due, principally along the river bottom, is comparatively
easy ground. Near the lower end of the level will be a
culvert of 16 feet span. This was once under contract;
but, having been abandoned, has not been as yet relet. At
the distance of half a mile above the lower dock is Town
creek, over which the canal will be carried by an aqueduct
of 60 feet span and 15 feet rise. It was once under con-
tract; the work commenced and abandoned, and has not
been relet. Connected with the berm upper wing of this
aqueduct will be a waste-weir.
Lock No. 68 is of 8 3-10 feet lift. This also is not un-
der contract, having been abandoned.
Just above this lock is the point where the South-branch
feeder will connect with the canal. The plan contemplat-
ed is to construct a dam across the- South branch, 6 miles
aboveits mouth, above a large bend, which will be only a
mile across to the river. The feeder will be conducted
across this bend, and carried over the North branch, to the
canal, by an aqueduct.
Hopes are entertained, in consequence of the great ad-
vantages which willresult to Virginia from thisconnexion,
that she will, at no very distant period, if not before the
completion of the canal to Cumberland, construct these
works herself. In dry seasons, there is rather more water
in the South branch than in the North. The former pene-
trates a fertile and improvingportion of Virginia, while the
canal now advances up the latter towards Cumberland.
Lock No. 69 is 1I mile above No. 68. The first half-
mile is along difficult ground. Considerable progress has,
however, been made in it, and it is well advanced towards
completion. The remaining mile is over easy ground, and
has never been under contract. Upon this level there
,will be a large culvert of two arches of 10 feet span each,
and a smaller one. Neither is, at this time, under contract,
having been abandoned by the contractor before he com-
menced the work. A waste-weir will also be constructed
upon this level.
Locks Nos. 69, 70, and 71, are of 8 feet lift each, and are
situated in Oldtown. Between them are short but suffi-
ciently extensive levels. Neither of them is now under
contract, they -having been abandoned by the contractor
after very little progress had been made in one of them.
These three locks give to the canal a sufficient elevation
to allow of its being led from the river bank for a distance
of two miles, and being carried for that distance along the
valley in which Oldtown is situated. This valley runs
parallel with, and back from the river; Alum hill lying be-
tween them. There is nothing gained in distance by this
diversion, but the location is considered better, and less ex-
posed to danger than the river bank.
The level between locks Nos. 71 and 72 is 71 miles.
The Oldtown deep-cut begins nearly a mile above the for-
mer, and extends up half a mile. The deepest cutting is
40 feet, and the material excavated is in part slate, but
principally slate rock. This heavy work has been in pro-
gress upwards of three years, and will be completed in a
few months. The upper end of the deep-cut opens upon
the river at an elevation of more than 40 feet above the
river. For more than a mile very heavy embankment is
required, all of which is finished. Along the residue of
this level are two heavy sections, the most difficult and cost-
ly of which is far advanced in its construction. Upon the
other section the work is about to be resumed by a new
contractor, his predecessor having abandoned it. The re-
maining portion of the level is of easier construction, and
has not been put under contract.
Upon this level there will be several culverts and a waste
and waste-weir; none of which are now under contract,
although some of them, which are abandoned, have been let.
Lock No. 79, of nine feet lift, is under contract, and the-
work upon it has commenced, the foundation having been
prepared. Hence to lock No. 73, a distance of one mile,
is a heavy work requiring protection from the river, upon
which considerable progress has been made. This level
runs through the" Narrows." and the canal occupies the
Lock No. 75 is the last of the lift-locks below Cumber-
land, and from it to the basin at Cumberland is a level of
nine miles; nearly the whole of which is under contract,
and the construction is advancing in a very satisfactory
There are seven culverts upon this level, all of which
are under contract to the same individual to whom are let
the locks Nos. 73, 74, and 75. Several of these culverts
have been commenced, and preparations for all are going
on. The same party is also the contractor for aqueduct
No. 11, over Evitt's creek, three miles below Cumberland.
This aqueduct has a span of 70 feet and a rise of 14 feet.
This work is so far advanced that it is nearly in readiness
for the turning of the arch.
The stone is bought from a quarry up the creek which
has been already mentioned. It is a compact limestone, or
rather marble, in some parts densely filled with marine
shells, and, when polished, presents a very interesting ob-
ject, and is admirably adapted for ornamental work. It is
brought from the quarry, upon a temporary wooden rail-
way a mile and a half in length, to the aqueduct. The
same quarry, as has been stated, furnishes the material for
the locks immediately below.
Along this nine-mile level there are, in the aggregate,
two and a half miles of heavy river embankment; the
whole of which, with the exception of a part already com-
pleted, is advancing in a very satisfactory manner. The
remainder of the level is over not very difficult work.
There will be two waste-weirs upon this level.
Dam No. 8, and its accompanying guard-lock, are situ-
ated at the point that, for the present, is considered the
western termination of the eastern section of the canal.
The dam is just below the mouth of Wills creek. It
raises the water of the North branch and of Wills creek
three and a half feet at their confluence; thereby giving
from four to six feet of water for nearly 1,000 feet up the
latter, and increasing the depth of the natural basin in the
North branch, which already, for nearly two miles above
the mouth of Wills creek, is a beautiful sheet of still wa-
ter, from 6 to 12 feet in depth, and 400 feet wide.
The dam, although having a fall over it of only from 4
to 5 feet, will have a height from its foundation of not less
than 14 feet. This is caused by the excavation of about
10 feet in depth below the bed of the river to the solid
rock, for a foundation. It will be a solid water-tight wall
of masonry, laid in water cement, 400 feet in length be-
tween the abutments, and 15 feet in width. It will be
plumb on the lower side to its full height, and upon the up-
per side to within five feet of its full height. This differ-
ence of five feet in the height of the two sides allows the
top of the dam to have an inclination up stream of three
feet to one ; that is, the fall will be five feet in the fifteen
feet, the width of the dam. This upper surface, with this
downward inclination up the stream, will be protected by
white-oak timbers of a foot square, covered with three-inch
plank, over all which will be placed ice-guards. Nearly
one hundred feet in length of this dam is already raised
several feet above its foundation. The Virginia abutment
is also in part built.
This dam, thus constructed of water-tight masonry upon
a solid rock foundation, with a fall of only from four to
five feet, can, it is believed, be made so tight as to allow
the escape of little or no water by leakage. This is a con-
sideration of the highest importance when it is recollected
that, without the aid of reservoirs, there will be an insuf-
ficient supply of water at Cumberland for an active trade
in very dry seasons, such as occasionally occur.
The basin at Cumberland is an enlargement of the
width of the canal to 100 feet, for near half a mile below
the dam; from the lower termination of which enlarge-
ment there will be a branch basin of about the same length
as the main basin, diverging from it, and running up to
Shriver's mill; which branch basin will vary in width
from 100 to 200 feet. These two artificial basins, with the
natural basin up the North branch of nearly two miles in
length, are the accommodations at present contemplated for
receiving the coal and other trade of the canal at Cumber-
The two artificial basins below the dam are protected
against the high water of the river by the tow-path of the
canal, which is raised sufficiently high to serve as a guard-
bank. The situation of this dam admits of an important
extension of the accommodation to the trade, upon such
plan as shall effectually protect Cumberland against the
highest waters of the river and of Wills creek. In fact,
the town will thus obtain a greater degree of security from
this danger than existed before the construction of the canal
At the hazard of some blame for our prolixity, the com-
mittee have thus laid before the stockholders a statement of
the work above the point embraced in the survey and report
of Captain McNeill. They will now proceed to give, in a
condensed form, a summary of the same'part of the canal,
distinguishing between the portions completed, in progress,
and yet to be begun.
I. Summary of the 27J miles of canal recently opened for
navigation between dam No. 5 and dam No. 6.
Slack-water next above dam No. 5 -
Heavy work along the river bank
Along river bottoms, and on ground not exposed to
the river -
Nine lift-locks, total lift 71 feet; making the elevation of the
canal at the entrance of the feeder from dam No. 6 424 feet
8 road culverts, some of 10, some of 12 feet span, with an
elevation of 12 feet in the clear.
5 culverts of 4 feet span.
18 culverts of 6 feet span.
4 culverts of 8 feet span.
1 culvert of 40 feet span.
1 of 90 feet span.
1 of 62 feet span.
I dam and guard-lock.
6 wastes and waste-weirs unconnected with other work.
5 wastes and waste-weirs connected with culverts and
1 pivot-bridge, and a permanent foot-bridge, connected with
one of the stop-gates.
5 lock-houses, (three not yet built.)
The cost of construction of the above 27J miles, excluding
pay of officers, engineers, superintendence, and damages for
land, &c. has been about $60,000 per mile.
II. Summary of the 50 miles of canal between dam No. 6
Heavy river work .- .
One tunnel, neatly -
Deep cuttings -
Along river bottoms, and over ground not exposed to
the river, though in part very costly
Twenty-two lift-locks, total lift 182 feet; making the eleva-
tion of the canal and basin at Cumberland 606 feet above tide,
The distance from lock No. 1 (the point at which the "anal en-
ters the basin at Rock creek) to the mouth of Wills creek, in,
Cumberland, is 194 mfles; the elevation to be overcome by
lockage averages 3 3-10 feet, nearly, per mile.
5 road culverts.
24 of spans varying from 6 to 16 feet.
Aqueducts 4, varying from 50 to 70 feet span each.
1 dam and guard-lock under construction.
1 dam contemplated, besides the proposed South-branch feed-
.9 bridges; some permanent, the residue pivot bridges.
16 wastes and weirs, notconnnected with other works.
12 wastes and waste-weirs connected with culverts and aque-
The estimated cost of the construction of these fifty miles,
excluding pay of officers, engineers, superintendence, and da-
mages for land, &c. is about $88,000 per mile. In instituting a
comparison between this and other portions of the work, the
six miles saved by the tunnel should be added to the 50 miles,
which would make the average per mile about $79,000.
III. Summary exhibiting the proportions of the above wor.k-
which are finished, in progress, and not yet begun.
On these fifty miles, there are now under contract, including,
such as are completed-
Of the work never placed under contract, there are-
16 wastes and waste-weirs
The result is-
Contracts in progress, including works finished -
Contracts not in progress, viz. abandoned 22
never let 82
It should, however, be remarked that many of the works
not under contract, particularly those which have never
been let, are comparatively light; that rather more than
one-third of the work on the fifty miles, estimating it by
the expense, has been done; and if the Virice of labor
should be materially reduced, as there is every reason to
anticipate, from the diminution in the cost of provisions,
arising from the present propitious season, this proportion
will be ratably increased. It is further to be observed, as
deducible from the foregoing statements, that the.canal, for
a distance of from fifteen to twenty miles at each end of
this fifty miles, is further advanced perhaps by one year, than
the work on the intermediate distance. This observation,
however, is not designed to embrace the tunnel, which is
to be excluded from the backward work.
Could all the impediments which have been thrown in
the way of this great enterprise, including among the most
serious of these the lukewarmness, and, indeed, utter ap-
athy, of those most interested in its accomplishment, have
been distinctly foreseen and fully appreciated, it may be
doubted whether even the sagacity and firmness which
have been so signally exhibited in encountering and tri-
umphing over them would ever have ventured upon the
undertaking. When once fully embarked in the enter-
prise, although abandoned by some who had been foremost
in stimulating to the work, disappointed in various quar-
ters, the principal parties remained firm and undaunted.
Thus far they have advanced triumphantly, and the suc-
cessful termination of their great task is now clear and dis-
tinct in the prospect.
Some interesting subjects yet remain to be presented to
the company. The inquiry naturally suggests itself: will
the advantages resulting from the successful accomplish-
ment of the-work furnish a sufficientremuneration for the enor-
mous cost by which that result is to be attained? This in-
volves two points of examination, to which the committee now
propose to address themselves. The first is the amount of trade
which can be safely estimated as likely to seek this channel of
communication; secondly, what is the capacity of the canal to
accommodate this amount of trade.
In reference to the first, we may remark that the canal, dur-
ing its whole length from the District of Columbia to Cumber-
land, passes through a country possessing inexhaustible agri-
cultural fertility. The counties of Montgomery, Frederick,
Washington, and Allegany, in Maryland; Fairfax, Loudoun,
Jefferson, Berkeley, Morgan, and Hampshire, in Virginia, are
immediately upon its line; while several streams, flowing from
remote sources into the imthediate valley of the Potomac, will
conduct to the canal the valuable productions of the territory
they irrigate. With the additional facilities which will be af-
forded for the transportation of these articles to market, the pop-
ulation and the wealth of these regions must exhibit a propor-
The canal, even in its present state, is beginning to attract
the notice of those concerned in the trade between the Atlantic
seaboard and the great West. The navigation is now perfected
to Hancock, where the road connecting with the National road
at Cumberland is intersected. By this route, the produce of
the West, and her return supplies from the cities on the sea-
board, may now be transported with greater advantage than by
any other route to Wheeling. This superiority will be much
enhance d when the canal shall be completed to Cumberland.
Such is the rapid progress of the West in industry and popula-
tion, so large the increase in the consumption of her products,
and so rapid the augmentation in the commercial intercourse
and interchange of commodities between her and the Atlantic
States, that we need not extend our view beyond a very few
years, to see that all the channels of communicationnow in pro-
gress or contemplated between these two regions will be incom-
petent to the object. It is of the utmost importance to establish
as early as possible routes for transportation. W'ken once form-
ed, they are not readily changed. Our more temperate winters,
the peculiar position of the Chesapeake and Ohio canal, lying
under the bluffs on the northern margin of the river, and its
immediate connexion with the great National road, give us ad-
vantages with which it will be difficult successfully to compete.
Already it is attrdeting the attention of the commercial commu-
nity, and, although only about three months have elapsed since
the line was opened to Hancock, the committee are informed that
it is now preferred as the channel of trade by the merchants of
New York. It is also an encouraging fact, that, even under
these circumstances, the tolls upon the ascending trade amount
nearly to a third of all that have been collected during the pre-
ceding year. The great source ofemolument to the canal, how-
ever, will unquestionably be the minerals of Allegany county,
Maryland, and the contiguous counties in Virginia. There
have already been established in that vicinity seven distinct
companies, in which capitalists from Baltimore, New York, and
Boston have embarked, whose object is to furnish supplies of
coal and iron through the channel of the canal. .In the year
1834, a committee was appointed by the internal improvement
convention held in Baltimore, to examine into this subject, at
the head of which was a gentleman pre-eminent for the extent
and accuracy of his statistical information. In their report, "the
committee lay down this position, with perfect confidence : that
bituminous coal, of superior quality, can be delivered on tide-
water for a less sum, by this canal, than it can be delivered at
any other port, on tide-water, within the United States." In
this statement the present committee entirely concur. Although
the subject may be familiar to a large number of those to whom
this communication is more immediately addressed, yet its vast
importance will excuse us for submitting another extract from the
document to which we have adverted.
The Chesapeake and Ohio canal will penetrate and pass
through coal-banks, from ten to twenty feet in thickness, on
the margin of the Potomac, above Cumberland, from which the
coal can be thrown into the coal-boats with a shovel. To show
the inexhaustible supply at the Savage coal-mines, the com-
mittee refer to the following extract from the report of one of
the chief engineers, N. S. Roberts, Esq, in 1829, to the board
of directors, in which he says: The coal district thus accom-
maodated would be not less than five miles wide, covering a sur-
face of more than two hundred square miles. Over at least one-
fifth of this, it is believed, the thick vein of coal extends, which
measures where it is now opened at least thirteen feet thick.
But the coal-mines that could be opened within five miles of
WVesternport and Savage would yield coal to an immense
amount. As each square mile of the great vein alone would
yield more than two hundred millions of bushels of coal, or sixty
xnillions of tons, and ifit could be exported at the rate of five
hundred tons per day, it would require four hundred years to
exhaust one square mile of the great coal vein.' "*
Subsequent explorations have fully verified Mr. Roberts's es-
timates. Several openings have been made in the vicinity of
.George's creek and Frostburg, which require only that the ca-
inal should be completed to Cumberland to supply the present
demand for this article with the greatest facility. The commit-
tee, while in the neighborhood, deemed it expedient to visit
this coal region, and devoted a day to the object. It is believed
that no one can make a similar examination without having his
most sanguine anticipations fully realized.
Iron of an excellent quality is abundant in a large part of this
coal region; and at the Lonoconing works, on George's creek,
and about eight miles south of Frostburg, the committee were
afforded an opportunity of witnessing the facility with which
these two minerals, together with lime, were extracted from
the same hill-side, almost in contact with the furnace where the
dron is smelted and converted into pigs. As many as three
hundred hands have been employed at one time at these works;
-thus, with their families, adding a population of a thousand souls
-to this (until recently) almost unknown region. The iron made
at these works is represented to be of an excellent quality.
Arrangements, we are informed, are made, and the work
-will probably soon be commenced, to improve the navigation of
-the North branch, from Cumberland up to the coal region, by
-private companies; while the other association, whose property
lies in the vicinity of Frostburg and Jennings's run, will be pre-
rpared to connect by railroads, &c. wiih the canal, as soon as it
,shall be completed to its contemplated western termination.
The coal from this region of country is as remarkable for its
fine quality as for its abundance. It has been analyzed by seve-
ral competent chemists, all of whom concur in representing it
as equal to any in the world. The mean of three independent
analyses gives 77.61 per cent. of carbon, and about 18 percent.
of bitumen. Its entire freedom from sulphur enhances its val-
ue for manufacturing and domestic purposes ; while its peculiar
adaptation to the use of steam vessels tenders it more especial-
Jy friportant to the commerce and navy of the nation. It is
placed beyond doubt that the region of which we have spoken
is competent to supply coal equal to any demand which the in-
creas- in the population, manufactures, and navigation of the
country can require.
An important inquiry remains : What is the capacity of the
Chesapeake and Ohio canal to transport this supply-: and
what amount of tolls may be anticipated to reimburse the large
1. Boats, &c. which have actually
passed, in 1835, in 230 days, as
above '- 25,798 42,996
2. Do. do. in 1836, in 216 days 25,516 42,526
3. Assuming 300 days of navigation
fur the year, and the average of
the two years above would be ? 34,516 57,526
4. Assuming the same year of 300
days, and the rate of the greatest
month's work would be 40,800 68,000
5. Do. do. assuming the rate of the
greatest day's work as above, 302 90,600 151,000
6. Do. do. assuming the rate, which
it is represented, as above, may be
safely estimated for a day's work 75,000 125,000
Estimating the boat-load at 80 tons, the amount transport-
able according to the foregoing table, No. 4, would be with
single locks, 3,264,800 tons ; and with double locks, 5,440,532
tons. In like manner, estimating the load at 80 tons, and ap-
plying it to the 6th item in the foregoing table, the result would
be, with single locks, 6,000,000 ; and with double locks, 10,000,-
000 tons per annum.
According to the present tariff, the toll upon coal, which is
the lowest article, amounts to one dollar per ton from Cumber-
land to Georgetown ; and supposing one-half of the tonnage in
the last preceding statement to be descending coal, that there
should be no ascending trade, and the boats always return
empty, the amount of tolls, upon the first of the above state-
ments, would amount to $1,634,400 per annum with single
locks, and $2,720,266 with double locks. Applying the same
ratio of calculation to the second estimate, and the result would
be $3,000,000 with single, and $5,000,000 with double lockage.
Each individual may judge for himself of the probability of the
data upon which the foregoing estimates hive been formed,
and vary the results accordingly.
II. The next subject which commands our attention is the
supply of water. The result of our inquiries is :
1st. That the present feeders, and those which it is contem-
plated to construct, are amply sufficient, without the aid of re-
servoirs, even in the driest seasons, to supply all the water re-
quired for the canal, with double locks, in full use, as fir up as
the mouth of the South branch. The contemplated feeders to
which reference is made are the Mono0acy feeder; one from
the Potomac, at the mouth of the Shenandoah, which ought to
be constructed by the United States, and will be essentially
necessary to insure to the public works at Harper's Ferry a
full supply of water ; one immediately below the tunnel, which
might be commenced forthwith; and the South branch feeder.
Without the aid of any of these, however, excepting the South
branch feeder, there is already a sufficient supply of water for
a trade of 1,000,000 tons per annum from the South branch
down. If in full use, this would, however, create a greater
current in some parts of the line than would be desirable.
2d. From the South branch to Cumberland, for about two
months in the year, in seasons as dry as the last, there will
not be a sufficiency of water for the transportation of one mil-
lion of tons. It should, however, be remarked, that such sea-
sons are of very unusual recurrence ; and that even at such
periods, with the exception of two months, the supply of water
would be adequate to this amount of trade.
3d. With a view to provide for a sufficiency of water during
the worst seasons, and adequate to the full capacity of the ca-
nal, minute and full surveys have been made of the country
above Cumberland. The chief engineer is entirely satisfied,
from these examinations, that reservoirs may be constructed-
one, in particular, up Wills creek, at the mouth of Jennings's
run, which will completely answer the purpose.
It is hoped by the committee that the statements which have
been made, the collection and arrangement of which have cost
them no inconsiderable labor, will prove satisfactory to the
stockholders. For the materials which have been employed
the committee feel largely indebted to the very able and effi-
cient officers of the company, especially to the chief engineer,
who accompanied them throughout the whole of their exami-
nation of the work above Williamsport, and during the tour, as
well as since, has exhibited every disposition to furnish the in-
formation which he is so competent to give. Having entered
the service of the company at an early period, his life may be
said to have been devoted to its interests. Familiar, practical-
ly, with every thing that has been done, and possessing every
qualification for the situation which he so honorably fills, the
committee have not felt themselves authorized to withheld this
tribute to his merits. They could not say less, without a viola-
tion of their own feelings; they have only been restrained
from saying more from consideration towards his.
Animated and encouraged by what has been accomplished,
with complete success immediately in advance, every view
which the committee have been able to take of the subject,
while it justifies the manly energy and ability with which the
work has hitherto been conducted, presses with augmented
force for an equally energetic prosecution of it to its termina-
tion. While one single mile remains unfinished, it must he
remembered, all that has been done is rendered comparatively
valueless. It is only when we shall have attained the basin at
Cumberland that the stockholders can expect to reap the har-
vest which their zeal and enterprise merit, and the State of
Maryland be relieved from the heavy burdens which she has
The benefits which Maryland has conferred upon ti e com-
pany impose upon it, in return, a corresponding obligation to do
all that in it lies to render to her an adequate remuneration, and
fully to protect her interests. With the controlling influence she
possesses over the operations of the company, no apprehensigh
need be entertained that those interests will be either compro-
mised or neglected. The committee have, however, thought
it advisable, in the performance of the duty assigned them, to
submit a few ideas immediately connected with this branch of
The committee are of opinion that every year's delay in the
completion of the canal to Cumberland will increase the cost
of the work to the State of Maryland, (oi, in other words, the
amount of money to be provided before its completion,) to a
sum exceeding half a million of dollars. This may be easily
1st. Interest per annum on the first subscription of
the State of $625,000 -
2d. Interest on the loan of $2,000,000 -
3d. Interest on the $3,200,*000 five per cent. stock
4th. Interest on the last subscription of $1,375,000
5th. Interest on the amount which must hereafter
be made, not less than -
6th. Contingent and other expenses
This exhibits only imperfectly and partially the pecuniary
interest which Maryland has in the rapid and energetic prose-
cution of this work, and in its speedy completion. When to
this estimate are added the loss which the other stockholders
will sustain, the derangement of all those plans for extending
there trade and general operations of the canal, and the positive
loss to both of the revenue which would otherwise accrue, the
conclusion is irresistible that the same motives which have here-
tofore operated upon the direction to press forward the work
under all discouragements and difficulties, still more powerful-
ly demand that it should be urged to the earliest practicable
The subject naturally divides itself into two branches: the
first relates to the capacity of the canal, from the plan of con-
struction which has been adopted; the second, to the supply of
water to pass the trade.
I...As to the capacity of the canal. On canals of four feet
depth, with locks fifteen feet wide and ninety feet long, it seems
to be ascertained that the most economical medium of naviga-
tion is a boat carrying fifty tons. The depth of the Chesapeake
and Ohio canal being six feet, the dimensions of its locks be-
ing fifteen feet in width by one hundred in length, it is suppos-
ed that boats of eighty tons will be best adapted to its use.
Much larger loads may be readily transpo ted; but we have as-
sumed that of eighty tons, as, in general, the most convenient
and economical. The navigation on this canal, judging from
actual experience and observation, will exceed rather than fall
short of three hundred days in the year. The longest season
of navigation on the Erie canal, for the fourteen years preced-
ing 1837 inclusive, was 269 days; the shortest, during the same
period, was 216 days. In the year 1835, of 230 days' naviga-
tion, 25,798 boats and rafts passed through n of its locks in
the two directions. In 1836, of 216 days' navigation, 25,516
boats, &c. passed. The average of these two years would be
equivalent to 34,516 boats, &c. for a year of navigation of 300
The largest number of boats, &c. which have passed on the
Erie canal, during the same period of fourteen years, in any
one month, was in October, 1835, viz. 4,215; that is, 136 per
day ; which is equivalent to 40,800 for a year of 300 days.
The greatest number of boats which have passed in one day
through a lock on the Erie canal, so far as we have any official
statement on the subject, is 302. At this rate, the year of na-
vigation of 200 days would be 90,600.
The locks upon the Erie canal are single, as are at present
those on the Chesapeake and Ohio canal. The latter, how-
ever, have all been constructed with a view to a double lock-
age, when the exigencies of the company require it. The in-
telligent officers of the Erie canal, who have furnished the
foregoing statements, concur in the opinion that the double
locks would increase the facilities to the extent of two-thirds.
The opinion is also distinctly expressed, that, although under
very favorable circumstances 302 boats have passed in a single
day, 250 may be taken as the number which may convenient-
ly be passed.
From these data, derived from a long experience, we are
led to these results :
REPORT OF THE SUB-COMMITTEE.
The Sub-committee of Accounts have made the several
examinations required of them, and respectfully submit
the following report thereon :
They have examined the books and accounts of the clerk
and treasurer for the past year, ending 31st May, and find them
correctly stated, and the various disbursements properly vouch-
ed, in conformity with the by-laws and regulations of the com-
By the treasurer's accounts, the disbursements of the compa-
ny, up to the 31stMay, 1838, amounted to $7,203,096 61
Those for the year ending May 31, 1839 1,548,233 08
Making an aggregate of
- $8,751,329 69
The receipts of the company up to May 31,
1838, amounted, by the same accounts, to $7,349,010 57
Those for the year ending May 31, 1839, to 1,555,359 85
Making an aggregate of $8,904,370 42
The clerk's statement, however, shows other receipts to the
amount of $11,175 58, arising from tolls, rents, &c. gathered
by the several superintendents, and which have been used and
accounted for by them in disbursements in the service of the
company; consequently, these receipts have not passed
through the books of the treasurer.
The several sources of the receipts, and the objects of the
disbursements, during the past year, will appear by the tabu-
lar statements accompanying this report.
Of the disbursements of the past year, made from the trea-
sury to the commissioner of the canal, for the service of the
company in his department, and included in the above state-
ment, there appears, from the accounts of that officer, up to
May 31, 1839, to remain in his hands an unexpended balance
of $32,089 50, properly applicable to the future expenses of
The various objects of expenditure, so far as the sub-com-
mittee can judge of the same, appear to have been proper, and
in every instance to have been subjected to the test of a due
scrutiny by the board of directors.
The tabular statements (A, B, C, and D) accompanying this
report will also exhibit the existing liabilities of the company,
and its resources in money and stocks to meet the same, up to
the close of the last fiscal year. By these statements, there
would appear to be a basis, mostly of State stocks, of $2,087,-
139 94,* over and above past liabilities, applicable to the de-
mands of the current year. In some instances it will be seen
that the items in the statement are estimated, and the stocks
also are stated at their par value; there are, also, claims of
past interest due from the State, and of interest and expenses
Cumberland more than a year since. Had this been done, all
the work above dam No. 5 would have cost, at the least, 25
per cent. less than will now have to be paid; full allowance
being made for that portion of the work which, under the cir-
cumstances supposed, would have been done at high prices.
Twenty-five per cent. upon the estimated cost of the work
above dam No. 5, $6,080,657, amounts to $1,520,164. If we
add to this $200,000 for interest and contingent expenses for
the last year, and for the 2t years by which time the canal may
be completed, we have an aggregate of $2,720,164 as the
amount of actual increase in the cost of the canal, arising out
of a deficiency of means to accomplish its earlier completion.
On the other hand, had it been finished in season, the stock-
holders, instead of paying interest upon their investments,
would now be in the receipt of a large revenue in the shape of
The committee have been furnished with a statement show-
ing the number of persons in the employ of the company at the
present time, with the amount of compensation paid to them re-
spectively. In relation to certain branches, they feel them-
selves incompetent to form an opinion how far the best interests
of the company require that the expense should be increased or
diminished. Neither their time, nor their knowledge of the
duties and personal qualifications of the officers, respectively,
would enable them to form definite ideas upon this subject.
They are, however, prepared to speak with great confidence
of the diligence, fidelity, and skill with which the affairs of the
company are conducted at the office in Washington, by the very
valuable officers who are there stationed, and by the engineer
department. In relation to two other classes of officers, the opi-
nion formed by the committee is equally decided : we allude to
the superintendents of construction, and of the'*-ork which is in
actual use. As to the particular qualifications of the individuals
thus employed for their respective duties, the committee had
little opportunity to form an opinion. But no question can exist
as to the importance of the task imposed upon them, and, judg-
ing from the appearance of the canal, as little as to the faithful-
ness with which it is performed. Any diminution in that vigi-
lance and constant care which, judging from the results, must
have been evinced, is most seriously to be deprecated.
The chief engineer has furnished to the committee some
general observations upon the present organization of the engi-
The entire line of the canal is in charge of the chief engineer.
The 50 miles under construction is divided into four divisions.
On each division ix stationed a principal assistant engineer.
Three of them have two assistants each ; the fourth but a single
assistant. Each of the assistant engineers has charge of a party
consisting of a rodman and one or two axemen ; some of them
have, in addition, a volunteer rodman.
It is the duty of the principal assistants to see that the work
on their respective divisions is properly constructed, and in
conformity with the plans and specifications which have been
adopted. In order to enable them fully to perform this impor-
tant and responsible duty, they are relieved, in a great meas-
ure, from the merely mechanical field duties of levelling, &c.
The assistants, to each of whom is assigned about 7 miles of
canal, and the parties attached to them, are principally occu-
pied in making measurements; in laying out the work; in
seeing that the work, in the details of dimensions, is properly
constructed; and in making the measurements for monthly and
final estimates, under the direction, and frequently with the
aid, of the principal assistant. It is, also, the duty of assistants
to co-operate in seeing that the work, in all particulars, is pro-
Inasmuch, however, as the assistant and his party are neces-
sarily kept together in the performance of their duties, and,
consequently, cannot exercise a vigilant supervision upon the
whole extent of their line, in all the details of the construction ;
and as it is frequently necessary that they be detained at the
same place an entire day or more ; and as the principal assis-
tant may be occupied for a series of days in his office duties, the
special duty of supexintending each and every part of the con-
struction must be devolved upon others, who remain constantly
upon short sections of the work. Accordingly, there are at this.
time on the 50 miles under construction 9 superintendents of sec-
tions, 1 superintendent of masonry, and 7 assistant superinten-
dents of masonry.
It is the duty of the superintendent of masonry, particularly
in the early stages of the work, to explore the adjacent country
for quarries of stone and *cement; to see that the cement is pro-
perly manufactured ; and to exercise a vigilantsuperintendence
over the masonry work. The beneficial effects of this arrange-
ment have been fully manifested by the almost entire safety
from leaks and breaches which before its maturity frequently
occurred, and which usually proceeded from unfaithful work or
the use of unsuitable materials.
The total cost of the present engineer corps and superintend-
ence is less than 4 per cent. on the expencitures-a fraction
more than has been paid for like expenses from the commence-
ment of dihe canal at Georgetown.
What, however,'-in an especial manner attracted the notice
and the commendation of the committee is the systematic distri-
bution of duties and responsibilities, and the mutual confidence
and good feeling apparently subsisting among all the parties
connected with the company; the good effectsof which are vi-
sible in all the branches of service. To the president and direc-
tors every praise is due for bringing into such complete regu-.
larity and efficiency every department under their control, as
well as for the promptitude, energy, and ability with which they
have performed theirown more especial functions. With the
arrangements that have been made, and thus far executed, every
thing is in the best possible train.
In relation to the general structure of the work, the commit-
tee concur in the observation quoted, with his entire assent to
its truth, by Captain McNeill, and which is at least equally ap-
plicable to the work executed since his examination: "On no
canal in America, and very few, if any, in the world, will there
be found obstacles more appalling than have been overcome."
The same observation may be applied to the moral as to the phy-
sical obstacles which have presented themselves, and which
have been surmounted with equal skill and courage.
The committee beg leave to recommend to the particular no-
tice and examination of the stockholders two maps, drawn by
Mr. Soiecki, a draughtsman in the employ of the company; the
smaller one exhibiting the continuous route of the canal, with
the country through which the contemplated extension to Pitts-
burg will pass; the other, a minutesurvey of the country around
and above Cumberland. The former they earnestly recommend
may be perfected and published; and they entertain no doubt
that a sufficient number may be sold to reimburse the expense
of the engraving.
In concluding this long and, it is apprehended, tedious re-
port of their proceedings, the committee recommend to the
stockholders, with the full assurance that it is demanded by
every consideration of justice, that, in pursuance of the pro-
visions of the 8th section of the charter, they do certify thatthe
president and directors have rendered distinct accounts of their
proceedings, and that the same are justly and fully stated.
By order, and on behalf of the committee.
RICHARD S. COXE, Chairman.
WASHINGTON, JULY 20, 1839.
EXCELLENT SADDLE-HORSE, CARRY-
ALL, AND BAROUCHE.-On Saturday morn-
ing next, at 9 o'clock, in front of Lloyd's Hotel, Centre Mar-
ket, I shall sell to the highest bidder, for cash, an excellent
saddle-horse, bridle and saddle ; the horse an iron gray, about
six years old, very finely gaited, and carries himself very hand-
Also, an excellent and nearly new carryall, with top, and
would make an excellent market vehicle ; and a second-hand
barouche or carriage, with standing top, and a door in the side.
All the above will be sold without restriction or limitation.
aug 7-W FP&S Auctioneer.
L ARGE SALE OF FURNITURE.-On Satur.
day morning next, the 10th instant, at 10j o'clock, I shall
sell in front of my auction store, a large lot of Household and
Kitchen Furniture, belonging to a person removing from the
city, consisting of, in part, as follows, viz.
Mahogany hair-seat sofa, chintz covered settees
Cane and rush-seat chairs, stump chairs
Breakfast, dining, and card tables
Mahogany bureaus, washstands, basins and pitchers
Do centre-table, a variety of bedsteads, &c.
Mantel, pier, and toilet looking glasses, lamps
Beds, hair mattresses, and some bedding
Andirons, shovels, tongs, and fenders
Crockery and glassware
Carpets, rugs, trundle bedstead,
With many other articles not necessary to be enumerated.
The whole to be sold, without restriction, for cash.
aug 9-2t EDWARD DYER, Auctioneer.
BY HOFFMANS 6& CO. Baltimore.
P ACKAGE SALE.-On Tuesday morning, the 13th
instant, at 9 o'clock, on the second floor of our warehouse,
we will sell 250 packages British Dry Goods, received by the
London and R. Pulsford, embracing a choice assortment of au-
tumn goods. HOFFMANS & CO.
aug 10-4t Baltimore.
OFFICE OF THE CHES. AND OHIO CANAL CO.
Washington, August 8, 1839.
1i HE President and Directors of the Chesapeake and Ohio
Canal Company are desirous of redeeming the notes
heretofore issued by the Company as a circulation.
For this purpose, funds are on deposit in the Bank of Wash-
ington, where the notes continue to be redeemed in specie or
its equivalent, and where holders are requested to present them.
By order of the President of the Company.
JOHN P. INGLE,
aug 9-3t Clerk C. & 0. C. Co.
UjIIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.-
"Liberty and Union,now and forever, one and
SATURDAY, AUGUST 10, 1839.
On the subject of the notes issued by the company, the sub-
committee have to report that the- policy of the company, in
this respect, originated in the embarrassments of the country
in the year 1834, when it was found impracticable to convert
the stocks held by the company at any admissible sacrifice.
In these circumstances the .company, under the advice of pro-
fessional counsel of their authority so to do, emitted, in the
months of April and May of that year, notes to the amount of
$128,705, bearing an interest at 4 per cent., and payable in one
year, in discharge of debts owing by the company. This emis-
sion was made, on an adequate basis of State and corporation
stocks to the amount of $148,750, assigned to trustees, and the
notes were made receivable in discharge of all dues to the
company. The company duly provided for the redemption of
these notes, and they have been all redeemed, so far as pre-
sented; but there remains outstanding of them the amount of
The second emission of the company was after the general
suspension of specie payments in the spring of 1837. The
amount issued was $436,513 50 in notes from the denomination
of 25 cents each upwards, of which $240,000 of the notes of
the larger denominations bore interest. I%
The total amount of notes of this emission, under the denomina-
tion of $5, was $116,513 50
Of which have been redeemed and burnt 75,050 00
Leaving outstanding $41,463 50
Of the notes on interest, amounting to $240,000 00
There have been redeemed and burnt 237,440 00
Leaving outstanding $2,560 00
Of the notes of the denomination of $5 and up-
wards, not on interest, amounting to $80,000 00
There have been redeemed and burnt 30,000 00
Leaving in circulation $50,000 00
The change notes, especially, were loudly called for and ea-
gerly sought by the Public; and, during the suspension of spe-
cie payments, were generally acknowledged to be of great con-
venience., And the entire emission, as far as know to the sub-
committee, has, up to the present time, been acceptable to the
Public, and enjoyed good credit, circulating with equal readi-
ness with bank paper, both before and since the resumption of
specie payments. It proved, at the same time, of essential ser-
vice to the company, at a season of great embarrassment in their
affairs, from the impolitic opposition they encountered to the
enjoyment of the State of Maryland's subscription of stock in the
year 1836, and when otherwise they might have been compelled
to suspend their operations.
In reviewing the policy of the board of directors in the emis-
sion of these notes, your sub-committee are entirely satisfied of
its propriety; and although there appears to be now no proper
occasion for a repetition of the policy, they advise that no effort
be made to withdraw the remaining notes from circulation so
long as they shall continue to be, as now, an acceptable curren-
cy withsthe Public. So long as the Public will retain them, they
are equivalent to a loan, (without interest, excepting on a very
small amount,) and the equivalent funds for their redemption
may be applied by the company, much more profitably for them-
selves and the Public, to the prosecution of the canal.
The issuing, redemption, and reissuing of these notes of the
company have devolved on the clerks of the office at Washing-
ton ; and the same officers, during the same period, have been
charged with the disbursement ofa very large amountofunbank-
able money, which the company have from time to time been
compelled to receive in payment of loans and other dues. In
this unaccustomed duty, the officers appear to have acted with
commendable care; but have, notwithstanding their general
accuracy, encountered some losses, such as appear unavoidable
in regular banking institutions, where the like operations are
conducted by the most experienced and practised officers. The
amount of these losses on the entire moneys passing through
the hands of the officers, (probably largely over a million of
dollars,) including some small expenses for exchanges on un-
current paper, appears to have been two hundred and eighty
dollars and seventy-two cents and the board of directors have
(properly, in the opinion of the sub-committee) reimbursed the
loss, and charged the amount upon the contingent account of
the past year. It is not improbable that a part, if not the whole
of this loss may be covered by an equivalent destruction of the
The accounts of the several officers of the company falling
under the official notice of the sub-committee appear to have
been kept with great neatness and accuracy; and the system
pursued appears to be the result of mature experience, and to
be well adapted to the protection of the interests of the com-
The sub-committee would, however, recommend one change,
rather in the practice than in the system of the office. By the
clerk's statement, as has been heretofore observed, it appears
that it has been permitted by the several superintendents to dis-
burse certain moneys which have come into their hands, without
their having passed into the company's treasury; consequently,
the treasurer's books do not exhibit a full view of the fiscal af-
.fairs of the company. Although the sub-committee are satis-
fied that no prejudice has hitherto been worked to the interests
of the company, yet the practice seems irregular and incon-
venient, tending to give an erroneous view of its affairs; and
they would, therefore, recommend that it be amended, and that
all moneys, arising from whatever source, accruing to the com-
pany, be paid into the company's treasury.
The sub-committee have beenstruck, in the progress of their
examinations, with the very large amount of capital that now
lies unproductive to the several interests embarked in, or to be
affected by, the prosecution of the canal, and that must continue
dormant until that work shall be completed to Cumberland.
The daily interest on the capital already expended in the con-
struction of the canal is nearly $1,500, and it is of course in-
creasing with the daily progress of the work. Putting out of
view, then, as not within the scope of this sub-committee's legi-
timate inquiry, the indirect but obvious losses that will be incur-
red by proprietors and the Public so long as the great mineral
and other products of the upper Potomac are denied a channel
to market, the immediate and direct loss to the stockholders on
their investments in the canal, until completed to the point in-
dicated, (before which time they can expect no return,) is enor-
mous, arid should constitute an irresistible appeal to press for-
ward the work with the utmost practicable diligence.
The sub-committee cannot close their report without testify-
ing to the zeal, fidelity, and ability uniformly displayed in every
branch of the administration of the company that has come un-
der their official notice. CLEMENT COX,
JULY 3, 1839. Sub-committee.
Sales This Day.
immediately withdrawn. Should Fort Mellon prove un-
healthy, and the surgeon recommend its abandonment, you
are authorized to transfer the garrison, and reinforce some
of the neighboring posts. G. H. GRIFFIN,
Assistant Adjutant General.
Lieut. W. E. HANSON, CoMn. of Fort Mellon.
News has been received at New Orleans from the city
of Mexico to the 8th, and from Vera Cruz to the 14th ul-
timo, inclusive. The greatest tranquillity prevailed through-
out the Republic. SANTA ANA was still the President ad
interim, and, though in a precarious state of health, exer-
cising the functions of his office with increasing applause
and success. BUSTAMENTE was momentarily expected in
the capital. The expedition to Tampico being crowned
with such entire success, his return was every where greet-
ed with the most enthusiastic demonstrations of affection
and regard. According to the Diario del Gobierno, Santa
Ana and he are to effect the most salutary reform in the
Constitution, to do away with the cause of the late disas-
trous disaffection, and conciliate all parties.
All the Federalists who gave themselves up to the dis-
posal of the Government are to retire to their farms, and
never to reside in a city, or near a fortification, under pain
URREA was sentenced by Santa Ana to be banished for
six years, but, while on his way to Vera Cruz for embarka-
tion, he made his escape at Perote on the 30th ult. and has
not been heard of since.
LEMUS was chased out of Monterrey by CANALIZO ; he
and his brother fled -to Monclavo. According to the papers
in our possession, the career of this General is of late mark-
The Report of the Committee of the Stock-
holders of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Com-
pany, which so fills our columns to-day, occu-
pies a space which perhaps some of our readers
would have preferred to find devoted to more
miscellaneous matter. The subject of the Re-
port is of the greatest interest, however, to a
large and respectable portion of our readers,
and it contains much information that may be
instructive to nearly all; for nearly all readers
of newspapers are now more or less interested
in works of internal improvements within their
immediate neighborhoods, not to speak of the
national bearing arid influence of all such works.
It so happens, besides, that at this moment there
are no demands upon our columns, either for
articles of news or controversy, which are inter-
fered with by this publication. In reference to
the Canal Company's proceedings, by the way,
it may be observed, for the information of those
who have not taken notice of the fact, that (the
Annual Meeting of the Stockholders having ad-
journed without any definite action on the sub-
ject) the proposition for the removal of the of-
fice of the Company from Washington has'
been in effect indefinitely postponed.
NORTH CAROLINA ELECTION,
Of the districts in which elections were last
held in this State, full returns have been received
only from Currituck and Camden counties, in
the first Congressional district, which is con-
tested by Mr. SAWYER, (Adm.) and Mr. RAY-
NER, (Whig.) Mr. SAWYER, the late incum-
bent, was elected to the last Congress as a
Whig, but afterwards took ground in favor of
the sub-Treasury. Mr. RAYNER, his opponent,
is a thorough Whig, and creditably distinguish-
ed himself in the last Legislature of North Ca-
rolina by the delivery of a powerful speech on
the instructions to Messrs. BROWN and STRANGE,
the Senators from that'State in Congress. So
far as we are enabled to judge from the com-
plexion of the returns, and other information
which we deem to be worthy of credit, there
seems no reason to doubt that Mr. RAYNER is
elected by a handsome majority.
PAINFUL INTELLIGENCE FROM FLORIDA.
The character of the news which reached
this city yesterday, from Florida, is very far
from indicating a disposition on the part of the
Indians to conform to the requisitions of the
treaty recently entered into with Gen. MACOMB.
A letter addressed to a gentleman in this place,
dated at St. Augustine on the 3d instant, informs
of the massacre of nearly oneohalf of a de-
tachment of twenty-eight men, under the com-
mand of Col. HARNEY, atCaloosahatche, where
he had established a trading-house. Col. HAR-
NEY'S party were armed with Colt's rifles, but were
surprised before daylight by a large body of In-
dians, and thirteen of the number killed, in-
cluding Messrs. DALLAM and MORGAN, sutlers.
Col. HARNEY, with the remainder, escaped; and
made his way to Tampa in a small boat, with
several of his remaining men badly wounded.
The following Order, from the St. Augustine
News of the 3d instant, received by way of
Charleston, confirms the above, and details
more fully the particulars of this treacherous
ARMY OF THE SOUTH.
ASSISTANT ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Fort Brooke, (E. F.) Ju'y 29, 1839.
SIR: It becomes my painful duty to inform you of the
assassination of the greater part of Lt. Col. HARNEY'S de-
tachment by the Indians, on the morning of the 23d inst.
on the Caloosahatche river, where they had gone, in ac-
cordance with the treaty at Fort King, to establish a trad-
ing-house. The party consisted of about 28 men, armed
with Colt's rifles. They were encamped on the river, but
unprotected by defences of any kind, and it is said without
sentinels. The Indians, in large force, made the attack
before dawn of day, and before reveille, and it is supposed
that 13 men were killed, among whom were Major DAL-
LAM and Mr. MORGAN, sutlers. The remainder, with
Col. HARNEY, escaped, several of them severely wounded.
It was a complete surprise. The Commanding General
therefore directs that you will instantly take measures to
place the defences at Fort Mellon' in the most complete
state of repair, and be ready at all times to repel an attack,
should one be made. No portion of your command will in
future be suffered to leave the garrison, except under a
strong escort. The detachment at Fort Maitland will be
ritories. In order, however, to guard against individuals whose
education and character do not qualify them to become useful
members of the profession, the selection is placed in the hands
of the Senators and Delegates of Congress, each of whom has
the right to select one studentfrom his respective State or-Ter-
ritory, and whose certificate of such selection will be a passport
to all the lectures, by paying only on entering the school the
usual Matriculating fee of five dollars.
The whole expense for a full Course of Lectures by all the
Professors is $70. Dissecting Ticket $10; optional with the
The requisites for graduation are, that the candidate shall
have attended the Lectuies of each Professor two full courses,
or one full course in this school, and one in some other respect-
able institution. He shall have entered his name with the
Dean of the Faculty as a candidate for graduation, and delivered
to him an inaugural dissertation on some medical subject thirty
days before the close of the session.
All persons who have attended two full courses of Lectures
in this school are entitled to attend succeeding courses free of
The degrees are conferred by the authority of the Columbian
College, incorporated by an act of the Congress of ihe United
Good board can be procured at from three to four dollars per
week. J. F. MAY, M.D.
Dean of the FacultX.
CITr or WASHINGTON, AUG. 6. aug 10-eo3t
ir Richmond Enquirer, Baltimore Chronicle, Louieville
Journal, and Boston Atlas, will insert the above three times, and
send their accounts to the Dean.
W ANTED.-A genteel colored girl to wait on a Lady
and do the work of two rooms. One that can come well
recommended for steady-habits can have a permanent home
and good wages. A slave would be preferred. Apply at the
corner of F and 7th streets. aug 10-3td
BUGGY-WAGON AND PAIR OF HORSES.
On Tuesday morning next, the 13th instant, at 10
o'clock, I shall sell, in front of Lloyd's Hotel, Centre-Market,
for cash, a very handsome buggy-wagon and harness for two
horses, of superior quality and finish. Also, a pair of very hand-
some bay horses, well matched, 14 hands high, perfectly sound,
well broke to harness, and carry themselves finely. They
are also good saddle horses, and suitable for ladies. Sale positive.
aug 10-3t Auctioneer.
THIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
1 has obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington
county, District of Columbia, letters of administration on the
personal estate of John Laughan, late of Washington county,
deceased: all persons having claims against the said deceased
are herhbv warned to exhibit the same. with the vouchers
NEW YORK, AUGUST 8.
Specie continues to go out. The Indepen-
dence packet ship for Liverpool took out yester.
day nearly $150,000.
Our new Common Council have. succumbed
at last to the dictatiorkof the locofocoism of the
New Era, and removed the Comptroller of the
city, Mr. WILLIAMSON. The Whigs found Mr.
W. in office, and they left him there, but the
party that made removes him.
The finances of this city are in a very dis-
ordered state. I know not how it is, (but
so it is !) that Locofoco Government has an
incapacity for managing money matters with tact
and fidelity. It may be that what is character-
istic of the individual becomes characteristic of
the party composed of those individuals; for,
as a regard for contracts, a faithfulness to credit,
industry, and economy, are generally more cha-
racteristic of Whigs as individuals than of
their adversaries as a whole, so it is certainly
with their management of governments, when
they have the helm. As the credit of the Loco-
foco States of the Union sinks whenever they
adopt Locofoco principles of'action, so sinks
the credit of this great metropolis, really one
of the wealthiest corporations in the world,
when we look to its resources. A bill was in-
troduced last night to sell the Corporation pro-
perty below 36th street. The city has. already
issued bonds bearing 7 per cent. interest to pay
the contractors on the Croton- Water-works,
and water stock, bearing 5 per cent. interest,
cannot be disposed of even at 85 for 100. The
fact is, men who have money cannot put.faith
in those who hold contracts not to be binding ;
and when a municipal government sacrifices a
Comptroller of unquestioned ability for party
purposes, it takes a step which will add nothing
to its credit.
Our money market continues- in a bad way.
There is no relief, but really a severe pressure
just now. One hundred thousand dollars in
Treasury notes have been recently deposited in
a Savings' Bank in this city, as a pledge on
which to borrow money for the Government.
The Treasury Department continues to be the
most eager borrower in the market.
Mr. CLAY has been treated with a good deal
of hospitality in Canada, though he moves very
quick. Sir JOHN COLBORNE left his country
seat to give him a welcome in Montreal.
Mr. FORSYTH is enjoying himself at the
Springs. Mr. VAN BUREN continues there yet.
C OLUMBIAN COLLEGE, DISTRICT OF
COLUMBIA.-The Medical Department of this insti-
tution has recently been reorganized, and the Lectures will
hereafter commence on the first Monday in November, annually,
and continue until the -tst of March.
During this period, full courses will be delivered on the vari-
ous branches of Medicine by
THOMAS SEWALL, M. D., Professor of the Principles of Pa-
thology and the Fractice of Medicine.
THOMAS P. JONES, M. D., Professor of Chemistry and Phar-
HARVEY LINDSLY, M. D., Professor of Obstetrics and the
Diseases of Women and Children.
THOMAS MILLER, M. D., Professor of the Principles and
Practice of Surgery.
JOHN M. THOMAS, M. D., Professor of Materia Medica and
JOHN FREDERICK MAY, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and
Physiology; late Professor of Surgery in the University of
The Lectures will be delivered in the large and comtnodious
building situated at the- corner of 4J street and Louisiana ave-
nue, nearly equidistant from the Capitol and the President's
In the arrangements of this building, particular reference has
been had to the study of Practical Anatomy, a branch which
the student will enjoy peculiar facilities for cultivating, both on
account of the abundance of materiel which he will be able at
all times to command, and the accommodation of the rooms
provided for the purpose.
In order to exemplify the treatment of the diseases lectured
on by the Professors of the Practice of Medicine and-of Surgery,
a Dispensary will be attached to the College building, from
which patients will be brought before the class, and thus the
student will enjoy the combined advantages of oral and practi-
The Professor of Surgery will not only show all the opera-
tions upon the recent subject, but will afford the student an
opportunity of repeating the more important ones with his
own hand He will have at his command, for the purpose of
demonstrating the operations, complete sets ofthe most approv-
ed instruments, recently imported from France.
The Professor of Chemistry has a valuable and complete
Chemical and Philosophical Apparatus, which was carefully
selected in Europe, and which will afford him every facility of
demonstrating, by experiment, the truths of his department.
The Professor of Obstetrics will illustrate his lectures by ob-
stetrical apparatus, and an ample collection of preparations and
As there are many young men of talent and worth in differ-
ent parts of our country who, from restricted circumstances,
are unable to avail themselves of the benefits of public lectures,
the Professors have resolved to admit, gratuitously, two such
students from each of the States, and one from each of the Ter-
FARE REDUCED, AND NO RACING.
The safe, steady, and comfortable
steamboat JOSEPH JOHNSON,
Mf the first established and only eve-
ry day boat between Washington
and Alexandria, and the only one which has her hours of de-
parture published for the information of the Public, will con-
tinue to run as follows, viz.
Leave Alexandria at 8j and e16 A. M.
and at It, 34, and 5j P. M.
Leave Washington at 94 and 11 A'. M.
and at 2, 44, and 6k P. M.
On days the Phcenix runs, viz. Sunday, Mondays, and
Thursday, provided she runs in opposition to, and takes the
time of the Johnson, 61 cents.
On other days of the week, as heretofore, 121 cents.
july 26-dtf Captain.
VIRGINIA MAIL COACH LINES.
I. VIRGINIA SPRINGS.
Passengers from the North leave Washington city every eve-
ning at half past 6 o'clock in the steamboat Augusta, Captain
Black, for Fredericksburg, arrive at Fredericksburg in six
hours, thence by the railroad cars, via Junction, to Louisa C.
H. and by coach to Charlottesville. Arrive at the Junction by
4 o'clock A. M. rest four hours till 8 o'clock A. M. and arrive
at Charlottesvile by 7 o'clock P. M. where they rest 8 hours.
Leave Charlottesville next morning at 3 o'clock, arrive at
Staunton by 11 o'clock the same morning, and proceed in the
line of Messrs. Porter & Boyd to Cloverdale the same day ;
breakfast the next morning at the Warm Springs, arrive at the
Hot Springs the same morning about 11 o'clock, and at the
White Sulphur Springs early in the afternoon of the same day.
Passages may be taken to Charlottesville on board the steam-
boat, Captain Black, or at the Railroad Depot, Fredericks-
Passengers from the South leave Richmond in the Louisa
Railroad cars at 6 o'clock A. M. connect with the line from
Washington at the Junction by 8 o'clock A. M. and arrive at
Charlottesville same day by 7 P. M.
From the end of the Railroad to Charlottesville the distance
is but 28 miles. Two daily lines and a tri-weekly line of ele-
gant "Albany and Troy built coaches," with excellent horses
and experienced drivers, run the whole distance from the Rail-
road to the Springs, and certain arrangements are made that no
passenger shall ever be left on the road."
II. TENNESSEE LINE.
From Washington or from Richmond, Va. by Charlottesville,
Staunton, Lexington, Natural Bridge, Fincastle, &c. to Blounts-
ville and Knoxville, Tein. where it connects with coach lines
by Nashville to Memphis, on the Mississippi, to Huntsville, and
all parts of Alabama, Mississippi, and Arkansas.
Leave Washington or Richmond, and arrive at Staunton as
above. Leave Staunton Tuesdays, Thursdays and aturdays at
11 o'clock A. M. after the arrival of the coach from Charlottes-
ville, and proceed in comfortable coaches, with good horses,
careful drivers, and increased celerity.
II. OLD PIEDMONT LINE.
From Washington city to New Orleans, by Fredericksburg,
Cartersville, Farmville, Prince Edward C. H., Charlotte C.
H., Halifax C. H., Milton, N. C., Greensboro', Salisbury, Con-
cord, Yorkville, S. C., Pinckneyville, Laurens C. H., and Ab-
byville, to Greensboro', Ga., where it connects with the Alliga-
tor Line, via Macon, and Pensacola, Flo., to Mobile ; also, with
the New Mail Line from Greensboro', Ga., by Thomas-
ton, Columbus, and Montgomery, Ala., to Mobile; and with
the line from Greensboro', by Milledgeville, to Columbus and
Mobile, giving to passengers their election of these several
Leave Washington in the evenings of Mondays, Wednesdays,
and Fridays, by the steamboat Augusta, Captain Black, for
Fredericksburg, thence by railroad to Frederick's Hall,
and by coaches through the route. Passages may be taken
to Milton, N. C. on board the steamboat, Captain Black, and
through the whole line they will have a preference over all
way passengers, so as to insure them against detention. This
route is the most interesting and pleasant of any line running
to the Southwest. The coaches, horses, and drivers are all of
the first order. The roads, neither mountainous nor sandy,
run through a country at all seasons of the year remarkably
healthy, having the beautiful mountain scenery continually in
view, leading through the gold region of North Carolina, and
by the Branch Mint at Charlotte, in that State, and, withal, but
little more than half the distance of the Charleston and Augus-
ta line to Greensboro', Ga.
Passage from Fiederick's Hall to Milton, 170 miles, only
IV. RICHMOND AND LYNCHBURG LINE.
The line from Richmond, by Columbia, Scottsville, Warmin-
ster, New Glasgow, and Amherst C. H. to Lynchburg, runs on
the north side of James river through a delightfully pleasant
part of the State, having in view, almost the whole way, that
beautiful stream, and the James River and Kanawha Ca-
nal. Fine coaches, good horses, careful drivers, and every
thing calculated to render1A the most eligible route between
Distance 130 miles-Fare but eight dollars.
Leave Richmond at 6 o'clock in the mornings of Mondays,
Wednesday, and Fridays, arrive at Lynchburg the next eve-
nings at 7 o'clock, allowing ample time for sleep on the way.
V. WASHINGTON, FREDERICKSBURG, OR RICH-
MOND, TO LYNCHBURG, by way of Louisa Railroad.
Leave Washington city Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday eve-
nings at half past 6 o'clock, by the steamboat Augusta, Captain
Black; leave Fredericksburg or Richmond next morning by
Louisia Railroad zars; proceed to Charlottesville as in the line
for Virginia Springs, and arrive at 7 o'clock P. M. Leave
Charlottesville next morning, and arrive at Lynchburg same
--day by 7 P. M.
Fare, if taken through from Fredericksburg, twelve dollars-
or from Richmond, nine dollars and a half.
WILLIAM P. F.ARISH & CO.
june 29-eotf (Globe) Charlottsville.
PAMSAGEFOR CHARLESTON, S. C.BY THE
Atlantic Steam Packets.
THE well-known and popular sea steam-packets GEOR-
GIA, Captain Rollins, and SOUTH CAROLINA, Cap-
tain Coffee, being now in complete order, (inspected conform-
ably to acts of Congress, and furnished with life-preservers lfor
passengers,) have commenced their regular line between Nor-
folk and Charleston.
South, Carolina, Capt. Coffee, Saturday, 13th April.
Georgia, Rollins, 20th "
South Carolina, Coffee, 27th "
Georgia, Capt. Rollins, Saturday, 13th April.
South Carolina, Coffee, 20th "
Georgia, Rollins, 27th "
And so on, alternately, every Saturday, from Norfolk and
f3* Passengers by this line for Charleston, leaving New
lork on Thursday, and Philadelphia by Thursday evening's
steamboat and Friday morning's cars for Baltimore, will be in
time to take the daily Norfolk boat on Friday evening at 3
o'clock for the Charleston steam-packets, waiting at Norfolk for
the arrival of the Baltimore boat on Saturday morning.
Carriages and horses taken in the Georgia, and small pack-
ages of freight in either boat. For further particulars apply to
T. SHEPPARD, Treasurer,
ap ll1-d Bowly's Wharf, Baltimore.
STEAMBOAT LINE FOR PHILADELPHIA
Via the New Castle and Frenchtown Turnpike and
f THE Steamboats of this line being now in complete order,
-U will commence their regular route on Monday, the 18th
March instant, leaving Bowly s wharf, Baltimore, at 6 o'clock,
P. M. and Dock street wharf, Philadelphia, at 14 P. M. daily,
The Public is respectfully informed that the care, attention,
and comfort so much admired heretofore by passengers on this
line, will be strictly adhered to.
Allbaggage at its owner's risk. Passage through $4. Meals
i3r Freight despatched by this line with caie and attention,
at moderate prices.
T. SHEPPARD, Agent,
mar 18 Baltimore.
PASSAGE TO NORFOLK, PORTSMOUTH,
PETERSBURG, AND RICHMOND.
THREE TIMES A WEEK.
T HE steamboats ALABAMA, Captain Sutton, and KEN-
TUCKY, Captain Holmes, will commence to run three
times a week (alternately) on Monday, the 4th of March next,
leaving the lower end of Spear's wharf every Monday, Wed-
nesday, and Friday evenings, at half past 3 o clock, and arrive
NO IMPOSITION on the
PUBLIC.-The proprietors of
00 'the steamboat PHENIX assure the
Public that there is no racing on
the part of their boat, and that the passage by her between
Washington and Alexandria. is SIX AND A QUARTER
CENTS. It has always been their desire to accommodate the
Public, and not to impose upon them by charging double price
in the absence of competition, as is now practised by the other
boat; and they hereby give notice that the passage by their
boat will be 61 cents, whether any other boat is on the route or
not. By order.
july 31-dlw&2aw2w JOHN WILSON, Captain.
HIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
hath obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington
county, in the District of Columbia, letters of administration on
the personal estate of Thomas H. Sheckell, late of said county,
deceased. All persons having claims against the said deceased
are hereby warned to exhibitthe same, with the vouchers there-
of, to the subscriber, on or before the 25th day of July next; they
may otherwise by law be excluded from all benefit of said
Given under my hand this 25th day of July, 1839.
july 26-w3w Administratrix.
TRIHE VIRGINIA SPRINGS.-"Six Weeks in
Fauquier," illustrating the scenery, localities, medicinal
virtues, &c. of the Warrenton Springs; 1 small volume. By a
Visiter; price 50 cents.
The White Sulphur Papers, or Life at the Springs of West-
ern Virginia; 1 volume. For sale by
july 8- .F. TAYLOR.
HEAP BOOKS.-F. TAYLOR'S list continued.-
so Mrs. pie's complete Works, in 6 octave volumes, hand-
somely bound in full cloth. Price for the set, $4 50.
Willis's Inklings of Adventure, 2 volumes ; price 75 cents,
(published at $1 75.)
Irving's Conquest of Florida, by Hernando de Soto, 2 vols.;
price $1, (published at $2.)
Walter Scott's Novels, handsome edition, neatly bound, with
portrait. Price for the complete set, $10.
Judge Hall's Sketches of the West, 2 vols. handsomely bound.
Price $1, (published at $2.)
EANS AND ENDS, or Self-Training, by Miss
M. Sedgewick, author of Redwood, Hope Leslie, Home, Poor
Rich Man,&c. &c. "As ye sow, so shall ye reap." Second
edition, for sale by R. FARNHAM,
july 29 Between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. Av.
rFHE FIRST NUMBER OF THE NEW YORK
.JOURNAL OF MEDICINE AND SURGE-
RY, to be continued every three months, is just received by
F. TAYLOR, and may be examined at his Bookstore, where
.subscriptions (five dollars per annum) will be received, and
single copies sold.
The second number will appear ini October. july 23
LETTERS OF ELIZA WILKINSON, during
the invasion and possession of Charleston, S. C. by the
British, in the Revolutionary war; arranged from the original
manuscripts, by Caroline Gilman.
Just received and for sale by R. FARNHAM,
july 25 Between 9thand 10th streets, Penn. Av.
R. ACKERLY, oh the Management of Children
S in Sickness and in Health.-Second edition, 1 vol.
12mo. Price 37 cents.
The Sources of Health and Disease in Communities, or Ele-
mentary Views of Hygiene," 1 vol. Price 37 cents.
Practical Guide to the Management of the Teeth in health
and decay, 1 volume, by Parmley, Surgeon Dentist. Price 62
cents. F. TAYLOR,
july 26 Bookseller.
T ALLAM'S MIDDLE AGES, from the sixth Lon-
U don edition, complete in 1 vol.
A General History of Civilization in Europe, from the fall of
the Roman Empire to the French Revolution, translated from
the French of M. Guizot.
A further supply is this day received and for sale at
W. M. MORRISON'S
Book and Stationery Store, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
july 26 (Globe)
JRS. JAMIESON'S Beauties of the Court of
M Charles the Second, a series of Memoirs, biographi-
cal and critical, illustrating the Diaries of Pepys, Evelyn, Cla-
rendon, and other contemporary writers.
A few copies for sale at W. M. MORRISON'S
Book and Stationer Store, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
july 26 (Globe)
EW ENGLISH BOOKS this day received for sale.
by F. TAYLOR.
Andrew Ure's Dictionary of Arts, Manufactures, and Mines,
Illustrated edition of Moore's Lalla Rookh.
Lord Bacon's works, new and beautiful edition, complete
GEORGETOWN BROOM FACTORY.
A CARD.-The proprietors of the Georgetown Broom
Factory have on hand a general assortment of Brooms,
which they offer for sale at moderate prices. It will be under-
stood that one dozen will be disposed of at the same rate of one
hundred dozen, and as this is a cash article, also to avoid any
difficulty in collecting, they inform the Public that all sales must
be complied with before the delivery of any articles. They
have on hand a large quantity of broom corn seed, the value of
which, as food for horses, cattle, and hogs, has already been
tested, and proved the best and cheapest: they also inform the
farmers that they will purchase any quantity of broom brushes
the rate of $100 per ton.
jan 28-wtf GEORGE T. MASON & CO.
DICTIONARY OF QUOTATIONS, for the
pocket; price 12k cents-Being an explanation and
translation (giving also the pronunciation) of the words phrases,
mottoes, and sentences from the French and Latin which are in
frequent use by authors and editors, and in polite conversation.
june 17 F. TAYLOR.
JAMES'S NEW NOVEL.-"The Gentleman of the
Old School," in 2 volumes, by the author of Charles
Tyrrell," Darnley," Richelieu," Philip Augustus," &c. is
this day received for sale by F. TAYLOR, or for circulation
amonu the subscribers to the Waverley Circulating Library.
IX WEEKS IN FAUQCUIER.-Being the sub-
stance of a series of familiar letters illustrating the scene-
ry, localities, medical virtues, and general characteristics of the
White Sulphur Springs at Warrenton, Fauquier county, Vir-
ginia; written in 1838 to a gentleman in New England, by a
W. M. MORRISON'S
Book and Stationery store, four doors west of
;ily 4 Brown's Hotel.
ENGLISH STATIONERY, PERFUMERY,
.E and Fancy Articles.-W. FISCHER, importer and
dealer in Stationery, Perfumery, and Fancy Articles, has just
received by the ships Mediator and Wellington a very large
and extensive supply of the above articles direct from the best
manufacturers in England ; therefore he would call the atten-
tion of the Public to the new and various articles in his line,
and say to the Trade that they can be supplied at Stationers'
Hall on as reasonable terms as they can be in New York, and
thereby save the expenses attendant upon purchases made
there. [Adv] june 13-d4w
SOMPLIMENT CARDS.-Just received at Station-
ers' Hall a few dozen packs of English Compliment
Cards, neatly engraved, and the first of the kind that has ever
been offered for sale in this city.
july 8 W. FISCHER.
'RAVITIES ANDGAIETIES.-Just published,
G Gravities and Gaities, by S. F. Glenn, in one volume,
12mo. for sale at
Penn. av. between llth and 12th streets.
CHEAP BOOKS, (Scientific.)-F. TAYLOR'S list
Renwick's Elements of Mechanics, I octavo vol. with many
engravings, 508 pages, price $1 25.
Kieth on the Globes, 1 vol. oct. full bound, 334 pages, many
Sganzin's Civil Engineering, 1 oct. vol. $1 25.
Maury's Navigation, $2 25.
Olmsted's Compendium of Natural Philosophy, 1 oct. vol.
full bound, $1.
Farrar's Astronomy, I oct. vol. of 420 pages, being the one
in use at Harvard, containing very numerous engravings, $1.
Hassler's Astronomy, 1 oct. volume, with a quarto atlas of
Hassler's Analytic Trigonometry, plane and spherical, 1 oct.
vol. 75 cents.
Hassler's Elements of the Geometry of Planes and Solids, I
vol. many plates, 75 cents.
Mrs. Sommerville's Connexion of the Physical Sciences, 1
vol. of 356 pages, 62 cents.
A few copies of each only just received by P. T.
On hand a large and valuable collection of the best works in
every department of science and art, for sale at prices corres-
ponding in most cases with the above. july 16
F" RICTION MATCHES.-W. FISCHER has just
received, by the schooner Potomac, a large quantity of
Clark's unequalled Friction Matches. Not one in a thousand
wi l fail to ignite. july 25
AULDING'S WORKS,the uniform edition complete
_ in 15 vols. Just received and for sale at W. M. MORRI.
SON'S Book and Stationery Store, 4 doors west of Brown'
Hotel. may 24
T gHE WATER SPIRIT.-UNDINE; A Miniature
- Romance. From the German of Baron de la Motte
Fouque. Second volume of Colman'r Library of Romance.
Just published and for sale, between 9th and 10th streets,
Pennsylvania avenue. R. FARNHAM.
in two octavo volumes. I-ISHING TACK LE.-The subscriber has on hand an
McCulloch's Commercial Dictionary, new and enlarged edi- .I assortment of fine Fishing Tackle, which he will sell low
tion, brought down to 1839. for cash, at the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy store, four doors
Miller's History Philosophically Illustrated, in 4 vols. east ofthe new City Post Office, Penn. avenue.
Loudon's Suburban Gardener. july 4 LEWIS JOHNSON.
Middleton's Life and Times of Cicero, new and revised edi- ru iHERMOMETERS.-W. FISCHER. has received a
tion, &c. &c. &c. july 30 r g[HERMOMETERS.-W. FISCHER has received a
ion, &. &. &c. july 30 good assortment of the best G irdeners', Distillers', Pas-
3 NISHING TACKLE.-A general assortment, best sage, and Parlor Thermometers, of 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, and 12 inches
quality, imported and domestic, for sale at the lowest in length, varying in price from one to seven dollars each.
prices, for cash, at the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy store, be- I july 15
tween 11th and 12th streets, Penn. avenue. j-- IFE AT THE SPRINGS OF WESTERN
LEWIS JOHNSON. I VIRGINIA, by Mark Pencil, Esq. in 1 volume, is just
P. S. Very superior pure honey-dew and sweet-scented published and this day received for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Chewing Tobacco, for sale as above. june 21 CONTENTS.
100 d t REAMS WRAPPING PAPER.-Receiv- Warm Spring Mountain-Warm Springs-Hot Springs-
.00U ed by the schooner Alexandria, 100 reams of good Callaghan's-White Sulphur Springs-Discovery-
wrapping paper, suitable for grocers or shoe-store use, which Amusements-Society-Pic Nics-Deer Hunt-
will be sold low at Stationers Hall. Salt Sulphur-Red Sulphur-Gray Sulphur-Blue Sulphur-
THENIA OF DAMASCUS, a Tragedy,,by Rufus Sweet Springs-Bridge of Sighs-Lewisburg-
HENIA OF DAMASCUS, a Tragedy, by Rufus Autumn in the Mountains-Journal of a Lady during a sea-
BIANCA VISCONTI, or the Heart Overtasked, by N. P. son at the White Sulphur-Sketches of Character, & .
Willis. 1T HE JUBILEE OF THE CONSTITUTION.
Just published, and for sale between 9th and 10th streets, .U. A Discourse delivered at the request of the New York
Pennsylvaniaavenue. R. FARNHAM. Historical Society, in the city of New York, on Tuesday, the
TEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE and Spirit of 30th of April, 1839, being the Fiftieth Anniversary of the In-
S the European Magazines and Anruals, publish- auguration of George Washington as President of the United
ed at New York pon the plan of" The Museum," giving a States, on Thursday, the 30th of April, 1789. By John Quincy
ed at New York upon the plan of" The Mluseum," giving a Adams.
large closely printed number every month, containing the best Juamst
matter of the latest English Magazines, with many engravings, Just received, and for sale at the bookstore of
for $3 per annum. Subscriptions received by F. TAYLOR at Between 9th and th sts. Penn. avenue
whose bookstore the work may be examined. july 4 June 13 Between 9th and 10th sts. Penn. avenue.
EW BOOKS.-Lady Cheveley; or, the Women of EWV BOOKS.-Charles Vincent, or The Two Clerks,
l EHonor, a new version of Cheveley, the Man of Honor., a Tale of Commercial Life, in 2 vols.
The American Lounger, by the author of Lafitte, Captain Also, A Cure for Scandal, or Detraction Displayed, as exhibit-
KydThe American Lounger, by the author of Lafitte, Captain ed by Gossips, Talkers-over, Laughers-ar, Banterers, Nicknam.
The Barber of Paris; or, Moral Retribution, by Paul de rs,Stingers, Scorners, Sneerers, Eye-Inflicters, Mimics, Cari-
Kock, author of Andrew the Savoyard, Good Fellow, &c. caturists, and Epigrammatists, by Amelia Opie, author of Illus-
Precaution, a novel, by the author of the Spy, Pioneer, &c., a s or Lyi n o
new edition, revised by the author. I Also, a fresh supply of the School Boy, or a Guide for Youth
The Gentleman of the Old School, a tale by G. R. P. James, to Truthaild Duty, by John S. C. Abbtt, author of Mother at
in 2 volumes. Home, Child at Home, &c.
For sale or circulation at W. M. MORRISON'S Book and Also, Caleb in the Country, A Story for Youth, by the author
Stationery store, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel. july 4 of the Rolla Books.
Stationery store, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel. july 4 The above new books are just published, and for sale by
H HISTORY OF MICHIGAN, Civil and Topo- W. M. MORRISON,
graphical, in a compendious form, with a view of the july 12 Four doors west of Brown's Hotel.
surrounding Lakes; by James H. Lanman, with a map. HAN TASMION, PRINCE OF PALMLAND ,
Just published, and for sale between 9th and 10th streets, from the London edition, making vols. 1 and 2 of Col-
Penn. avenue. man's Library of Romance. Edited by Grenville Mellen.
july 4 R. FARNHAM. "'This work is one of the most delightful and captivating in
rf HE CHRISTIAN LIBRARY, two of the largest the English language, and is said to have been written by Mrs.
sized octavo volumes, bound, containing- H. N. Coleridge, daughter of the late S. T. Coleridge."
Gregory's Memoirs of Robert Hall, Taylor's Life of Cowper, Just published and for sale between 9th and 10th streets,
Smedley's History of the Reformed Religion in France, Pennsylvania Avenue.
Fergus on Nature and Revelation, Villiers on the Reformation, june 13 R. PARNHAM.
Holmes' HistiryofMissions,Seile'sChristianRemembrancer, FUTHE WHITE SULPHUR PAPERS, or, Life
History of the Civilization anid Christianization of S. Africa, l at the Springs of Western Virginia, by Mark
Tyng's Parochial Lectures, Fairholmn's Geology of Scripture, Pencil.
Thompson on the Psalms, Morison's Modern Skepticism, CONTENTS.
Bishop Heber's C(urse of Sermons at Oxford, Chap. 1. Warm Spring Mountain-Warm Springs-Hot
McCrices' History of the Progress and Suppression of the Springs, &c.
Reformation in Spain, Chap. 2. White Sulphur-Topography of the place.
Fanaticism, by the author of Natural History of Enthusiasm, Chap. 3 White Sulphur-Amusements.
Sismondi's History of the Crusades, Sermons of Bishop Butler, Chap. 4. White Sulphur-Society, &c.
And as many more (not mentioned in this advertisement) as Chap. 5. Ride to the Sweet Springs-Sweet Springs.
would cost separately $15 to $20 ; price for the whole $3 75. Chap. 6. Deer Hunt at the White Sulphur, Lewisburg, &c.
july 22 F. TAYLOR. Chap. 7. Salt Sulphur-Red Sulphur--Gray Sulphur--Blue
T RAV ELLLING CASES.-W. FISCHER has just Sulphur.
received an additional supply of English ne plus ultra Chap. 8. Autumn in-the Mountains..
Travelling cases, a very neat and convenient article. Chap. 9. Journal of a Lady during the Season at the White
SCHOOL PREMIUMS.-F. TAYLOR has for sale,
at unusually low prices, a very extensive collection of the
best works for juvenile minds-Mrs. Hofland's, Miss Edge-
worth's, Mrs. Barbauld's, Peter Parley's, &c.
Also, Drawing Books, in great variety, Juvenile Souvenirs.
Handsome editions of the most esteemed and standard au-
thors in Poetry and Prose, some with illustrations, others rich-
SThe best works on History, Voyages and Travels, popular
Science, &c., adapted to youth of different ages.
Handsome editions of the Classics, as well as translations of
Pocket-books, Portfolios, Pencil Cases, Penknives, &c.
At the lowest Northern prices in every case, from which a
liberal discount will he made to teachers or to those nnrhhasina
Chap. 10. Story of a Crutch.
Chap. 11. Beaver Dam Falls--Maid of the Cascade.
Chap. 12. Sketches of Character at the Springs.
Appendix, containing routes and distances, and valuable ex-
tracts. Just received, and for sale by
june 26 Between 9th and 10th sts. Penn. avenue.
CREHORE AND BARTLET'S PLAYING
CARDS.-30 gross best hot pressed eagles, red and
blue stars, wave, marble, white back, &c. for sale at factory
prices, at the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store, 4 doors east
of the new City Post Office.
july 30 LEWIS JOHNSON.
P. S. Visiting cards, card cases, of various kinds, pocket
35,000 BUSHELS BITUMINOUS COAL.
NAVY AGENT'S OFFICE, WASHINGTON, JULY 29, 1839.
IP ROPOSALS will be received at this office, until the 15th
day of August next, for furnishing and delivering at the
Navy Yard in this city thirty five thousand bushels of Bitumi-
nous Coal, to be as free from sulphur" as possible. Prefer-
ence will be given for this kind of coal, even should the price
be something higher, and persons offering will do well to fur-
nish proof of this quality of their coal. One-third at least of
the whole quantity must be lump or coarse coal, and the re-
maining two-thirds may be fine or smith's coal-the whole to
be subject to the inspection of the proper officer of the Navy
Yard. The delivery may commence as early as the contractor
pleases, but must be completed on or before the 30th day of
November next. Bond, with approved securities, will be re-
quired, and ten per centum retained from the amount of each
payment until the contract is fulfilled. july 30
Ii, To be published daily in the National Intelligencer,
Globe, and Richmond Enquirer.
P HtENIX MILL FOR SALE.-Pursuant to a de-
cree of the Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery
for the county of Fairfax, rendered in the case of Wim. H.
Brown and others against Hannah Wilson, Administratrix of
David Wilson and others, defendants, the undersigned, named
in said decree as Commissioners, will offer at public sale, on
Saturday, the 3d of August, 1839, at Samuel Catt's Tavern,
West End, Alexandria, D. C. the valuable Mill property known
as the PHENIX MILL, with fifty-six acres of Land attached
thereto. Said Mill is turned by the waters of the Great Hunt-
ing Creek, and is situated near the Little River Turnpike, and
within two miles of the town ofAlexandria. The building is of
the best materials and workmanship, and four stories high, con-
taining three pairs of burrs and room for the fourth, and is capa-
ble of making from 80 to 100 barrels of flour per diem.
The projected railroad from Alexandria to Fredericksburg
will pass near this property, which, together with the growing
prospects of Alexandria, renders it very desirable, as there is a
sufficiency of water power, not only fir the purposes ofmilling,
but for any other manufactory.
There is also upon the premises an excellent dwelling-house,
and the land (a large portion of which is in good timber) is in
a high state of cultivation. There are also the necessary out-
houses, together with a large building for the preservation and
cleaning of'clover hay.
The terms of sale are: One thousand dollars in hand; the
remainder in two equal annual payments, without interest, till
due, and subject to the dower of said Hannah, in one-sixth
thereof. The'property will be shown by the Miller residing
upon the premises, or any information will be given by either
of the Commissioners. RICH. H. HENDERSON,
HENRY W. THOMAS,
july 15-dts Com missioners.
A GEN CY at WASHIN GTON.-JAMES H. GAUS-
TEN, (late of Baltimore,) having made this city his perma-
nent residence, will undertake, with his accustomed zeal and
diligence, the settlement of claims generally; and more parti-
cularly claims before Congress, against the United States, or
the several Departments thereof, and before any Board of Coam-
missioners that may be raised for the adjustment of spoliation
or other claims. He has now in charge the entire class arising
out of French spoliations prior to the year 1800; with reference
to which, in additioto which, in addition to a mass of documents and proofs in his
possession, be has access to those in the archives of the Govern-
Claimants and pensioners on the Navy fund, &c. bounty lands,
return duties, &c. &c. and those requiring life insurance, can
have their business promptly attended to by letter, (post paid)
and thus relieve themselves from an expensive and inconve-
nient personal attendance.
Having obtained a commission of Notary Public, he is prepar-
ed to furnish legalized copies of any required public documents
or other papers. He has be n so leng engaged in the duties of
an agent, that it can only be necessary now to say that economy
and prompt attention shall be extended to all business confided
to his care; and that, to enable him to render his services and
facilities more efficacious, he has become familiar with all the
forms of office.
Office on F street, near the new Treasury Building.
I ttO, da CO. d 9 an4d 31, bGoit street, New
.1 0 York, having made recent improvements in their
works for the purpose of manufacturing their improved machine
Cylinder Pressesses, have concluded to reduce the prices of these
presses, which will be as follows, viz.
No. 1, has bed 40 by 29 8 $1,600
No. 2, has bed 46 by 31 2,100
No. 3, has bed 50 by 31 2,300)
No. 4, has bed 54 by 35 J.. 2,500
No. 1, has bed 40 by 27 2,500
No. 2, has bed 44 by 31 2,750
No. 3, has bed 50 by 31 3,000
Larger or smaller sizes can be made to order.
For the printing of newspapers, Hoe & Co.'s improved Na-
pier Presses are decidedly preferable to any others in use. The
expedition with which it prints is a desideratumn that has in no
other way been attained-the Single Napier being capable of
throwing off from 1,500 to 1,800 impressions per hour, and the
Double Cylinder twice that number. The Presses may be
.driven by one strong man, or other equal power ; the Single
BEEF AND PORK FOR 1840.
NAVY COMMISSIONERS' OFFICE, JULY 9, 1839.
CiEALED OFFERS, endorsed "Offers for Beef" or
S Offers for Pork," as the case may be, will be receivedlt
1his office until three o'clock P. M. of the 31st of August next,
for furnishing and delivering, free of all cost and charge to the
United States, five thousand five hundred barrels [5,500 bbls.]
of Navy Beef, and five thousand five hundred barrels [5,500
bbls.] of Navy Pork, each barrel to contain two hundred pounds
nett weight of Beef or Pork.
Fifteen hundred barrels [1,500 bbls.]of the Beef, and fifteen
hundred barrels [1,500 bbls.] of the Pork, to be delivered at the
Navy Yard, Charlestown, Massachusetts.
Two thousand barrels [2,000 bbls.1of the Beef, and two thou-
sand barrels [2,000 bbls.] of the Pork, to be delivered at the
Navy Yard, Brooklyn, New York.
And two thousand barrels [2,000 bbls.] of the Beef, and two
thousand barrels [2,000 bbls J of t4e Pork, to be delivered at the
Navy Yard, Gosport, Virginia.
All of the said beef and pork to be delivered between the
15th March and the 15th May, 1840.
The beef must be packed fiom well-fattened cattle, weighing
not less than six hundred pounds nett weight; all the legs and
leg rounds of the hind quarters, and the clods, neck, or stizk-
ing pieces, shins, and cheeks of the fore quarters, or the parts
numbered fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, and eighteen,
on the drawing or delineation of the parts of an Ox, which will
be attached to, and form a part of, the respective contracts, must
be wholly excluded from the barrel; and the remainder of the
carcass must be cut in pieces of not less than eight pounds each.
The pork must be corn-fed and well fattened; all the skulls,
feet, and hind legs entire, must be excluded from the barrel;
and the remainder of the hog must be cut in pieces weighing
not less than six pounds each; not more than three shoulder-
pieces, and one jowl and a half, or the jowls of a hog and a
half, shall be allowed to a barrel.
The whole quantity of the said beef and pork must be
slaughtered between the first day of November next and the
periods of delivery, must be thoroughly salted, or struck with
the best quality clean, coarse, Turk's Island, Isle of May, or
St. Ubes silt, and no other; and after remaining a sufficient
time for the salt to penetrate the meat in the most thorough
manner, it is to be packed with a sufficient quantity of the
same quality of salt, and five ounces of pure saltpe!re, pulver-
ized. The salt used in striking must be carefully separated
from the pieces, and the pieces must be drained or placed on
inclined boards, and suffered to remain in that state for'some
time before the pieces are put in the barrel.
The barrels must be made of the best seasoned heart of white
oak, free from sap wood, and the staves must be at least three-
fourths of an inch thick, and not more than four inches wide ;
they must be fully and substantially hooped and nailed, at the
expense of the respective contractors.
Each barrel must be branded on its head "Navy Beef," or
Navy Pork," as the case may be, with the contractor's name,
and the year When packed.
The beef and the pork will be inspected by the inspecting
officers at the respective navy yards aforesaid, and by some
sworn inspectors of salt provisions," who will be selected by
the respective commanding officers ; but their charges for such
inspection must be paid by the respective contractors, who
must likewise have the barrels put in good shipping order to
the satisfaction of the Commandants of the respective navy
yards aforesaid, after the inspections, and at their own expense.
Bidders must specify their prices separately and distinctly,
in separate offers, for the beef and for the pork, and for each
of the places of delivery, covering all expenses and charges.
Letters from some Navy Agent, Commandant at a navy yard,
or other person, well known to the Department, must accom-
pany the offers of each person, and state the belief of the
writer that the person offering to contract has the ability to per-
form his contract in a satisfactory manner, and that h;s sureties
are also responsible for the amount of the contract, or the offers
will not be considered.
The Board of Navy Commissioners reserve to themselves
the right to reject all offers from persons who have heretofore
failed to fulfil their contracts.
Bonds in one-third the amount of the respective contracts
will be required, and ten per centum in addition wilFbe with
held from the amount of each payment to be made as collateral
security for the due and faithful performance of their respec-
tive'tcontracts, which will on no account be paid until the con-
tracts are complied with in all respects. After deducting ten
per centum, payment will be made by the United States with-
in thirty days after the said beef and pork shall have been
inspected and received, and bills for the same shall be pre-
sented to the Navy Agents, duly approved by the Command-
ants of the respective Navy Yards, according to the terms of
the contracts. P
The parts of the beef to be excluded from the barrel are
particularly designated in the engravings to be attached to the
contracts. Persons interested, who have not heretofore seen
the engravings, can obtain them on application at this office.
To be published twice a week in the National Intelligencer,
Globe, Army and Navy Chronicle, Eastern Argua, Hew Hamp-
shire Patriot, Boston Morning Post, Salem Advertiser, Repub-
lican Herald, Hartford Times, Vermont Gazette, New York
Evening Post, Trenton Emporium, Pennsylvanian, Pennsylva-
nia Reporter, Baltimore Republican, Norfolk Herald, Old Do-
minion, Newbern Sentinel, Charleston (Southern) Patriot, Lou-
isville Advertiser, Cincinnati Republican, Ohio Statesman, and
Indiana Democrat. july 10
Cylinder requires, also, two boys or girls, (one of them to put
on, and the other to take off the sheets ;) the Double Cylinder -lASH FOR NEGROES.-I will give cash and the
two to put on, and twoto take off, These Presses are not liable C-- highest market-price for any number of likely negroes,
to get out of repair, and any careful man can learn in a few of both sexes, families included. I can atall times be found at
days howto attend them properly. The parts liable to wear out B. 0. Shekells'-, on 7th street, a few doors below Lloyd's tav-
are small, and duplicates of them can always be ordered with a ern, opposite the Marsh Market.
new machine, and readily repla-ed when needed. R. Hoe & june 22-dtf JAMES H. BIRCH.
Co. are the only manufacturers of the Napier Presses in this FERRA 'S COFFEE-HOUSE, Berke-
country, and from their long experience in their manufacture, J OFERRALL S COFFEE-IOUSE, Berke-
and by the construction of new and costly machinery expressly rley Springs Virgienia, Commenced Again.-The
to facilitate the making of these Presses, are now enabled to subscriber has the pleasure of announcing to his former patrons
offer an improved article, at prices which will render them ac- and tihe Public that he has resumed the old business of Board-
cessible to the greater part of the newspaper printers in the ing-house keeping at his well-known stand, within thirty feet
United States. The Single Press occupies a space of 16 feet of the Bath Square, one hundred feet of the Bathing-house, and
by 8 feet, and the Double Press 17 feet by 8 feet. one hundred and fifty feet of the Spring, in the town of Bath,
Hoe & Co. are the sole manufacturers of the Wa-hington and where he would respectfully invite a call from visitors. The
Smith patent Hand-presses, and furnish every article necessary length of time during which he has kept the Coffee-house (ex-
for a printingoffice complete. cept the last two years, when it was rented Qut) relieves him
They also execute, with promptness, orders for Types of from the task of giving a detail on the subject of his table, bar,
any description,and Printing Ink. ap 30-3m &c (in these particulars there shall be no falling off, depend
upon it.) The manner in which he has heretofore conducted
cl)ON NER ; or, Truth ttrou th Fiction, By Ja- this commodious boarding establishment w;11, he presumes, be
MLR cob Abbott, author of the Youna Christian. "There is, a guaranty of future satisfaction. All possible arrangements and
therefore, no condemnation to them that are in Christ." preparations have been made to promote the comfort of visitors.
Also, Caleb in Town, a Story for Children. The drawing-room is furnished with a well-toned Piano Forte.
Caleb in the Country, a Story for Children. and a good Band of Music engaged. The Public will find a
And The School Boy, or a Guide for Youih to Truth and Duty. ready conveyance, in stages and hacks, from Winchester, the
By the author of the Rollo Books. Just received, and for sale termination of the B. and W. Railroad, and from Hancock, Md ,
between 9th and 10th sts. Pennsylvania Avenue. at which point visitors for this place can reach in stages on the
july 8 R. FARNHAM. Maryland pike, and by packet-boats on the Chesapeake and
t UILILS No. 8O.--40,000 quills, Mitchell's No. 80, Ohio Canal. Unaided as he is by any circumstances other than
and warranted genuine, and said by Mr. M. to be as good, his own personal means and endeavors to attract patronage, he
if not better, than he has ever manufactured, trusts to merit and receive a due shareof public favor, for which
Also, Nos. 70, 60, 50, 40, 30, 20, and 10, which will be nothing in his power will be omitted, or expense spared.
sold at a very little advance from the manufacturer's prices. A constant supply of the Bedford and Saratoga waters.
R. FARNHAM, The Public's humble servant,
june27 Between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania av. july 13-1m JNO. O'FERRALL.
TO TEACHERS OF SCHOOLS.-W. FISCHER
has constantly on hand the most extensive assortment of
Stationery that is kept for sale in the District, embracing every
article used in schools, all of which may be had on the best
terms at Stationers' Hall. july 23
T JERRY'S COPYING INK.-Just received at Sta-
JL tioner's Hall, 5 gross of Terry's genuine copying ink.
T WO HUNDR ED REAMS SUPERIOR LEI-
TER PAPER.-W. FISCHER has just received, by
the schooners Alexandria and Edward Vincent, 200 reams of
Butler's extra superfine satin-finished linen Paper, made ex-
pressly to order, which is for sale only at Stationers' Hall.
june 25 [Adv]
RAVITIES ANDI) GAIETIES.-Recentlypublish-
Ged by R. FARNHAM, and for sale by the Booksellers
generally, "GRAVITIES AND GAIETIES," by S. F. GLENN.
1 vol. 12mo. *
This is a volume of Miscellany from the pen of a young wri-
ter, already prominent (for his years) before the Public. It
embraces Tales and Essays, (original and translated from the
French,) Poetry, &c. Many of the articles have been publish-
ed in the Magazines throughout the country, and have gained
the author applause commensurate with that given to him for his
independent Essay-' Criticism: Its Use and Abuse.' "-Na-
tional Magazine and Republican Review.
DEMOCRATIC REVIEW FOR JUNE, 1839,
this day received, price $5 per annum, single number 50
cents, mailed to all parts of the United States, by
june 10 F. TAYLOR.
W EW STEEL PEN S.-W. FISCHER has just re-
1N' ceived several kinds of new steel pens, called the Sham-
rock, Flexidensadted, the Great Western, Council, Macrostyle,
Compensating, and double refined Perfection.
Also on hand, 60 varieties of other Metallic pens, from the
celebrated manufacturers Perry, Gillott, Windle, Warrin,
Heeley & Sons, comprising every degree of elasticity and finest
of points, suitable for the heavy hand of a school boy to the de-
licate touch of a lady's hand, so that all persons who use steel
pens may rely on being suited at Stationers' Hall, on the most
reasonable terms, where, for
Things of use and things orsport,
i -. --. .-".-.. L.._- ..-- t-.
C IIEAP BOOK..-Hume and Smollett's England, a
beautiful London edition, in full binding ; price $7 50.
Gibbon's Decline and Fall, a beautiful English edition, in full
binding, with portrait; price $6 50.
Rev. Mathew Henry's Sermons and complete miscellaneous
works, English edition; price $6, (London price 30 shillings
For sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also just received, Robertson's Historical Works, complete
in one large octavo volume, (London.)
Milton's Prose Works, complete in one large octavo volume,
Burke's complete works, two volumes octavo, (London.)
P ORTFOLIOS.-Just opened at Stationers' Hall a
great variety of English plain and embossed Portfolios,
of various sizes, with and without locks, some of which roll up.
july 11 W. FISCHER.
ERFORATEDTISSUEPAPER AND BRIS-
'TOL BOARDS.-W. FISCHER has received with
his new goods from London a quantity of Perforated Tissue Pa-
per and Bristol Boards, of various colors, an entirely new and
most beautiful article for fancy work, and to protect plate and
glass from injury at this season. For sale only at Stationers'
Hall, where every article of stationery of superior quality is
constantly kept for sale at reasonable and uniform prices.
june 17- [Advocate]
COLMAN'S MONTHLY MISCELLANY.-
Grenville Mellen and William Cutter, editors.-First
number just received.
Our Country and Our Duty.
Strolls in the Old Country Church Yards.
Fragments of a Modern Ballad.
Christopher Crotchett, the Village Singing Master..
Ringwood the Rover.
Niagara and Ontario.
Sensible Remarks on Music.
The Hermit of Citara.
John Bull and Son Jonathan, an International Picture.
For sale at R. FARNHAM'S, between 9th and 10th streets,
Penn. avenue. Price 50 cents a number, or $5 a year, if paid
in fdvanceoa ;li, Q
BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY,
JOHN J. DONALDSON, PRESIDENT,
NSURES LIVES for one er more years, orfor life.
Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
Age. One year. Seven years. For life.
25 1.00 1.12 2.04
30 1.31 1.36 2.36
35 1.36 1.53 2.76
40 1.69 1.83 3.20
45 1.91 1.96 3.73
50 1.96 2.09 4.60
55 2.32 3.21 5.78
60 4.35 4.91 7.00
Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
60 years of age, 10.55 per cent.
65 do. 12.27 do. per annum.
70 do. 14.19 dod
For One Hundred Dollars deposited at birth of child, the Com-
pany will pay, if he attain 21 years of age, $469
At six months, 408
One year, 375
The Company also executes trusts; receives money on depo-
site, paying interest semi-annually, or compounding it, and
makes all kinds of contracts in which life or the interest of mo-
ney is involved. WILLIAM MURDOCK, Secretary.
James H. Causten, City of Washington.
Dr. B. R. Wellford, Fredericksburg, Virginia.
John 0. Lay, Richmond, Va.
D. Robertson, Norfolk, Va.
A. S. ridball, Winchester, Va.
George Richards, Leesburg, Va.
Neilson Foe, Frederick, Md.
American Lite Ins urance anl Trt:st CoUtpany.
OFFICEs-No. 136 Baltimore street, Baltimore; and Wal
street, New York. I
AGENCY-Pennsylvania Avenue, between Fuller's Hotel
and the Treasury Department, Washington city.
CAPITAL PAID IN $2,000,000.
PATRICK MACAULAY, President, Baltimore.
JOHN DUER, Vice President, New York.
1 ONEY received daily on deposit, on which interest will
S be allowed, payable semi-annually. The Company also
insures lives, grants annuities, sells endowments, and executes
Of the rates of insurance qf $100 on a single lif
Applications, post paid, may be addressed to PATRICK
MACAULAY, Esq., President, Baltimore; or MORRIS ROB-
INSON, Esq., Vice President, New York; to which immedi-
ate attention will be paid.
Applications may also be made personally, or by letter, post
paid, to FRANCIS A. DICKINS, Esq. Agent for the Company
in the City of WASHINGTON. His office is on Pennsylvania
Avenue, between Fuller's Hotel and 15th street. ap 23-dly
A CARD.-Our half-yearly accounts will be rendered to
1st July, and our customers will confer a favor by calling
and closing their accounts by note or otherwise.
july 1-6t4w [Globe] BRADLEY & CATLETT.
L ARGE STOCK OF DRY GOODS.-We have
on hand between eighty and ninety thousand dollars in
very desirable Goods, which will be sold unusually cheap, in
order to reduce our stock. We have, in part, a large supply of
Carpetings, Rugs, Sheetings, Diapers,Irish Linens, Silks,Cloths,
Cottons, Mousselines de Laines, Hosiery, and white Goods.
july l-6t4w (Glo) BRADLEY & CATLETT.
250 LBS. ENGLISH WAER1 Jt reiv-
ed at Stationers' Hall, direct from London, 250
lbs. of superior Wafers, comprising every size and color.
july 2 W. FISCHER.
%JEW LAW BOOKS.-Just received and for sale at
-L' the lowest Northern prices by F. TAYLOR-
English Crown Cases, reserved for consideration and decided
by the twelve Judges of England, from 1799 to 1837, by Rus-
sell, Ryan, and Moody. 2 vols.
The 4th volume of Chitty's General Practice; 1839.
Long on the Law of Sales of Personal Property. 1 vol.
Pothier on the Law of Contracts. 1 vol.
Kinne's Blackstone, arranged in questions and answers. 1
Eden's Chancery Reports, from 1757 to 1766. 1 vol.
Ball and Beatty's Chancery Reports, from 1807 to 1811. 1
Davis's Criminal Law, with an exposition of the office and
authority of the Justices of the Peace in Virginia, including
forms of practice. 1 vol.
Smith's Chancery Practice. 2 vols.
Gordon's new Digest of the U. S. Laws. 1 vol.
Leigh's Nisi Prius. 2 vols.
Bayley on Bills. 1 vol.
First volume of Peters's Digest of cases decided in the Su-
preme, Circuit, and District Courts of the U. S.
First number of Term Reports in Queen's Bench, "Bail
Court," "Common Pleas," and "Exchequer," commencing
with the reign of Victoria.-To be continued.
The last published numbers of The Jurist," the Law Li-
brary," and the "Law Reporter;" for each of which subscrip-
tions are received by F. T.
*** All new Law Books received immediately upon publica-
tion, for sale at the lowest Philadelphia prices. july 12
ALCOM'S TRAVELS.-Travels in Southeastern
1 k Asia, embracing Hindostan, Malaya, Siam, and China ;
with notices of numerous missionary stations, and a full account
of the Burman Empire, with dissertations, tables, &c. By
Howard Malcom. In 2 vols. Third edition. Price $2 50.
Stewart's Sandwich Islands.-A residence in the Sandwich
Islands. By C. S. Stewart, U. S. N., late missionary at the
Sandwich Islands. Fifth edition, enlarged. Including an in-
troduction and notes by Rev. William Ellis. From the last
London edition. Juat received and for sale between 9th and
10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
may 16- R. FARNHAM.
]'TRAVELLING BASKETS AND STRAW
SSATCHELS.-A large supply on hand, consisting of
all sizes and qualities, at low prices.
For sale at the Old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store, between
1lth and 12th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
june 21 LEWIS JOHNSON,
P. S. A new supply of fashionable India Rubber Guards at 25
Also, fine Jet Bead Bags
Corset and Bonnet Whalebone
EW BOOK.-Gravities and Gaieties; by Samuel F.
Just received, and for sale by
june 20 F. TAYLOR.
r 'HE WHITE SULPHUR PAPERS; or, Life
I. at the Springs of Western Virginia. By Mark Pencil,
Phantasmion, Prince of Palmland. Edited by Grenville
Mellen, in 2 vols.
Also, Fourth Part Jack Downing Papers.
Received, and for sale at
W. M. MORRISON'S
Book and Stationery store, four doors west of
H ARRY FRANCO, "A Tale of the Great Panic," is
this day received for sale by F. TAYLOR, or for circu-
lation among the subscribers to the Waverley Circulating Li-
Also, The Dwarf, a dramatic poem; by James Rees.
IjNWEEZERS, HAIR PINS,. &c. &C.-W. FIS-
CHER has in store and constantly keeps the best assort-
ment of silver and highly-polished Tweezers, Hair Pins, Eme-
ry Bags, Purse and Key Rings, Pin Cushions, Court Plaster,
Teeth Picks, Mourning Pins, Fancy melting Bottles, Teeth-
ing Rings, with many other miscellaneous l!es, too numer-