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WASHINGTON: SATURDAY, JUNE
GALES & SEATON.
For a year, ten dollars-for six months, six dollars,
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
Those subscribing for a year, who do not, either at the time of
ordering the paper, or subsequently, give notice of their wish
to have the paper discontinued at the expiration of their-year,
will be presumed as desiring its continuance until counter-
manded, and it will be continued accordingly, at the option of
FARMERS AND MECHANICS' BANK,
GEORGETOWN, MAY 27, 1839.
AN election for twelve Directors of this institution, to serve
the ensuing year, will take place at the banking house,
on Monday, the 1st of July next, between the hours of 9 and 3
o'clock. J. I. STULL,
may 31-td Cashier.
V VALUABLE LAND FOR SALE.-In behalf of
himself and others, the heirs at law of WILLIAM MAR..-
BURY, deceased, the subscriber will offer at public sale to the
highest bidder, at 12 o'clock M. on Tuesday, the 2d day of July
next, on the premises, the valuable land lying on the eastern
side'of the. Eastern branch of the Potomac, and between the
Navy Yard and Eistern Branch Bridges. The tract has with
great care been divided into five parts; each contains a fair
proportion of wood and arable land, and, except No. 5, has a
front on the Branch. They will be offered and sold separately.
No. I lies south of the main road from the Navy Yard bridge,
and contains 232 acres and a half-a large portion of 'which is
in wood. It has a small frame dwellirg, &c. and the advantage
of a good fishing-shore.
No. 2 lies part on the north and part on the south of the same
road. It contains 145 acres, of which 91 are in wood. There
is a small brick dwelling on this part.
No. 3 lies north of the last; contains 134 acres; it is well
supplied with wood. There is a frame dwelling on this part.
No. 4 lies on the north line of the tract, and contains 30 acres,
a fair proportion of which is in wood.
No. 5 is a small lot, on the main road to Marlboro', above
Smoot's Tavern, and contains seven acres, a part of which is in
The whole is remarkable for the growth of vines and vegeta-
bles, and is undoubtedly the most desirable landed property for
sale in this neighborhood.
Terms of sale : one-fifth of the purchase-money shall be paid
in hand on the day of sale, and the residue in three equal pay-
ments at 8, 16, and 24 months. The purchaser will be required
to give his bond for the credit instalments, with approved sure-
ties, bearing interest from the day of sale.
EDWARD DYER, Auctioneer.
]L A plot of the land, showing the divisions, may be seen at
tihe Auction Rooms of EDWARD DYER. june 1-
r t'itUVJSTEES' SAIjE.-By virtue of a decree of the
Circuit Court of the District of Columbia for the county
of Washington, sitting as a Court of Chancery, made in the
cause of William Gunton and William A. Bradley against
Richard Peters, jr., Wm. W. Seaton, and Roger C. Weight-
man, the subscribers will offer for sale at public auction, on
Monday, the first day of July next, at five (5) o'clock P. M., in
front of the premises, all those parts of lots numbered thirteen
(13) and fourteen, (14,) in square number four hundred and
and ninety, (490,) in Washington city, District of Columbia,
which are included within the following metes and bounds;, to
wit. Beginning twenty-five feet from the north west corner of said
lot thirteen, (13,) and running with the lines of the said lots
thirteen (13) and fourteen (14)sixty-three feet eight inches, until
it reaches a point twenty-five feetfrom the east corner of lot num-
ber fourteen, (14 ;) then southwardly to the6 southern boundary
of said lot; then west with the lines of lots thirteen (13) and four-
teen (14) to a point twenty-five feet from the line Nbetween lots
thirteen (13) and twelve, (12;) thence to the beginning; with
all the buildings, improvements, rights and appurtenances to
the same belonging-being the property usually known and de-
signated as The Theatre, on Louisiana Avenue."
Terms of sale : One-fifth of the purchase money to be paid in
hand an the day of sale, and the residue in three equal.payments
of six, twelve, and eighteen months, with interest from the day
of sale, to be secured by notes satisfactorily endorsed ; and on
full payment of the purchase money, and the sale being ratified
by the Court, the undersigned trustees will executed the pur-
chaser, his heirs or assigns, at his or their cost, a valid convey-
ance of all title in the premises that they, the undersigned
trustees, are empowered to sell under the above decree.
If the terms of sale be not complied with in three days, the
subscribers reserve the right to re-sell the premises for cash,
after three days' advertisement of the time, place, and terms
of sale in the National Intelligencer, at the risk and cost of the
former purchaser. W. W. SEATON,
R. C. WEIGHTMAN,
may 31-dtd Auctioneer.
EARTHENWARE, CHINA, AND GLASS.-
THOMAS PURSELL has just received, (per Edward
Shinn, from Liverpool, and other sources,) at his store on Penn-
sylvania avenue, oppose te Brown's Hotel, a large assortment
of the above articles, which, with his former stock, make his
assortment extensive and complete; all of which will be sold
wholesale and retail as low and on as good terms as at any other
establishment in the Union. A good assortment of ware suit-
able for groceries-
Blue coral-border ware, an excellent article
Stone ware, at the factory prices.
Thankful for past favors, he still solicits the patronage of his
friends and the Public generally, assuring them that nothing
on his part shall be wanting to give satisfaction.
june l-ST&Ti2m [Globe] THOMAS PURSELL.
VALUABLE LOT ON PENNSYLVANIA AVE
SN U E.-For sale at private sale Lot No. 27, in square A,
fronting 25 feet on Pennsylvania avenue, by 126 feet deep.
This lot is between 3d and 4 streets, on the south side of
Pennsylvania avenue, in a rapidly increasing part of the city,
and will be sold on accommodating terms.
june 18-3taw2w Auctioneer and Comin. Merchant.
DR. J. MASON'S UNIVERSAL VEGETA-
BLE MEDICINES.-"It is impossible for disease
to contend with the medical preparations of Dr. J. Mason."
W'ho say.so? Thousands who have tried them.
INDIAN VEGETABLE BLOOD PURIFIER.-This great
regulator of the human system, composed entirely of Ameri-
can vegetables, by purifying the blood, eradicates the seeds of
disease, and restores debilitated constitutions to health. Fe-
males, particularly, who have experienced its virtues, keep it
constantly by them.
FEYER AND AGUE POWDERS.-This is, to use the em-
phatic language of Dr. Mason, "the greatest medicine in the
world." It is wisrranted to cure ague and fever in all cases,
and to prevent bilious and other fevers in sickly climates and
Also, Dr. Mason's Compound Hop Pills, Dyspepswowders,
Renovating Powders, Universal Liniment, bfor bruises, sores,
rheumatic and other pains, Piles Ointment, Toothache Lini-
ment, Vermifuge, Cough Sirup, Eye Water, Eruptive Oint-
ment. These medicines, the result of many years' medical
practice and investigation of Dr. John Mason (now of Phila-
delphia) in the Western States, are warranted entirely vegeta-
ble-those that are to be taken internally-and of their efficacy
it is sufficient to say they have generally taken- the place of.
other medicines wherever introduced. They are now dofng in
Philadelphia, in this respect, what they have aheady done in
Ohio. Dr. Mason says : It is usual to publish a long cata-
logue of certificates, generally unknown to the purchaser ; any
one wishing to read such, by calling on me, can have employ-
mentfor a week., I send my medicines forth depending on their
own merits. All I ask is, try them."
The subscriber, satisfied, after full investigation, of the inno-
cence and virtue of these medicines, has become proprietor and
sole agent for Maryland, District of Columbia, Virginia, North
and South Carolina, Tennessee, and Kentucky, and is ready to
supply orders for them in their genuine purity. Every bottle
or package (accompanied by ample directions) sold by the sub-
scriber will have his name written on the label, and sealed with
the name of Dr. Mason. No others are genuine.
A. F. WILCOX.
Agents in the District of Columbia :
J. F. CALLAN, Washington.
BELL & ENTWISLE, Alexandria.
EDWARD S. WRIGHT, Georgetown.
Several respectable and business men wanted as local and
TO CONTRACTORS FOR EXCAVATION AND
PROPOSALS will be received, on the llth proximo, at the
Engineer's office in Reading, Pa., for the remainder of
the roadway formation (with the exception of a few light sec-
tions) vet to be contracted for, between Reading and Pottsville.
Plans and profiles of the sections to be let will be exhibited af-
ter the 6th of July, at Reading, and any further information
which may be desired will be furnished on application to the
assistant engineers on the line, or to the undersianerl at Read-
ing. WIRT ROBINSON,
june 21-tlOJuly Acting Engineer.
M RS. B. J. MILLER has resumed her Music les-
ill. sons; she will wait upon pupils at their residences, or
she will attend them at her house.
Mrs. MILLER's house is ready, as usual, for the reception of
yearly as well as transient boarders. Her house is on E street,
near the burnt Post Office, and for a summer residence is par-
ticularly desirable. mar 22--eotf
MJRS. DYSON'S SCHOOL FOR YOUNG LA-
DIES is now open for the reception of pupils, in the
session-room of the First Presbyterian Church, on 4j street.
TERMs: Reading, writing, mental and practical arithmetic,
grammar, and geography, $5.
The same, with instruction on the globes, history, and com-
Natural philosophy, chemistry, and botany-in short, all the
branches necessary to an English education, $10.
French and drawing at the professor's charges.
Plain sewing will be taught, if desired.
Hours from half past 8 to 3. june 10-dtf
ENGLISH STATIONERY, PERFUMERY,
and Fancy Articles.-W. FISCHER, importer and
dealer in Stationery, Perfumery, and Fancy Articles, has just
received by the ships Mediator and Wellington a very large
and extensive supply of the above articles direct from the best
manufacturers in England; therefore he would call the atten-
tion of the Public to the new and various articles in his line,
and say to the Trade that they can be supplied at Stationers'
Hall on as reasonable terms as they can be in New York, and
thereby save the expenses attendant upon purchases made
there. [Adv] june 13-d4w
7V RUNK AND BINDERS' BOARDS.-Receiv-
ed a few days since, at Stationers' Hall, a large quantity
of Trunk and Binders' Boards, from the celebrated manufac-
turers, George Bird & Son and T. Jones. The arrangements
made with these gentlemen will enable me to furnish their
boards on the very beaterns.
june 13 -eo3w [Adv] W. FISCHER.
IME-STONE WANTED.-The subscribers wish
to purchase from 500 to 2000 perches first quality lime-
stone, the delivery to commence immediately.
G. I. THOMAS & CO.
june 8-d2w Alexandria.
ALE OF VEGETABLE STALLS IN THE
CENTRE ANI) OTHER MARKET-HOUSES
IN THE CITY OF WASHINGTON.-On Saturday,
the 6th day of July, I shall sell, by order, all the Vegetable
Stalls in the Centre Market-house. Sale to commence at 9
o'clock A. M.
On Monday, the 8th July, all the Vegetable Stalls in the
West Market-house. Sale to commence at 7 o'clock A. M.
And on Wednesday, the 10th July, all the Vegetable Stalls
in the Navy Yard or Eastern Branch Market-house. Sale
to commence at 7 o'clock A. M.
Terms cash, to be paid immediately after the sale.
june 22-eo&ds Auctioneer.
7r HOMAS T. BARNES has this day received the fol-
lowing articles, viz.
50 dresses handsome MousselineS de Laines, at $3 75
20 pieces rich embroiJered do
20 do second mourning Shalleys and Mousselines
50 pieces French painted Lawns and Muslins
20 do mourning do do
50 do new style Chintz, cheap
20 do 5 4 Black and Blue Black Bombasins
150 worked Muslin Collars, at 75 cents
50 splendid do from $5 to $20
20 dozen plain and hemstitched Linen Cambric Handkfs
100 new style Parasols
7M4 OURNING GOODS.-This day received and for
Second Mourning Challeys
Do do Mousselines de Laines
Black do do
Second Mourning Lawns
Black Lace Veils and Handkerchiefs
june 24-eo3t [Globe] A. W. & J. E. TURNER.
OGNAC AND CHAMPAGNE BRANDY.-
13 half pipes Cognac Brandy, A. Signett, J. J. Dupuy,
Castillon and Champagne Brandy.
The above Brandy is of superior quality, and will be sold low
by S. G. KNELLER & CO.
UST RECEIVED-14,000 lbs Western Bacon
265 small Hams, from 6 to 10 lbs., a nice article for fa-
33 bags old white Coffee
25 boxes Mould Candles
20 do Sperm do
295 gallons pale Summner Oil
500 lbs Raw Cotton
2000 do white crushed Sugar, for preserving
35 bbls prime white wheat Family Flotur
20 jars Rappee Snuff
2 boxes Rice Flour.
Just received, and for sale low by
june 25-3t H. L. JACKSON & BRO.
W ATCH STOLEN.--On Wednesday last was taken
TV from the privy of the Tavern of Mr. John Douglass,
adjoining the American Theatre, a single cased Gold Swiss
Watch, with a four-strand steel chain, and two small gold seals
Watchmakers and jewellers are requested to detain such if of-
fered for sale, or to be repaired. And any person delivering
the same at the bar of said tavern will be liberally rewarded.
BOWDITCH'S EDITION OF THE MECA-
nique Celeste f La Place.-This work is now
completed, in 4 volumes quarto. Those who have purchased
the early volumes, or those who may want complete sets, can
be supplied by applying to F. TAYLOR, bookseller.
L ADY BULWER'S NEW NOVEL, AND
Bulwer's new Drama of Richelieu, will be re-
ceived this morning, and for sale by F. TAYLOR, or for circu-
lation among the subscribers to the Waverley Circulating Li-
brary. may 15
-NINE FRENCH TOILET SOAP.-The subscri-
S ber has just received a supply of fine French Toilet
Also, fresh Pomatum. LEWIS JOHNSON,
ap 24 Between 11th and 12th sts. Penn. av.
IHIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
B has obtained f:om the Orphans' Court of Washington
county, in the District of Columbia, letters testamentary on
the personal estate of James Barron, late of Washington coun-
ty,deceased. All persons having claims against the deceased are
hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof,
to tire subscriber, on or before the 22d day of June next;
they may otherwise by law be excluded from all benefit of said
Given under my hand this 22d of June, 1839.
june 25-w3t Executrix.
District of Columbia, Washington county, to wit:
J AMES CRUSEY has applied to the honorable
William Cranch, Chief Judge of the Circuit Court
of the District of Columbia, to be discharged from imprisonment
under the act for the relief of insolvent debtors within the Dis-
trict of Columbia, on the first Monday of July next, at 9 o'clock
A.M., at the court room, when and where 6!is creditors are re-
quested to attend. WM. BRENT,
june 25-3t Clerk.
District of Columbia, Washington county, to wit:
OYALL BURRILL has applied to the Honorable
William Cranch, Chief Judge of the Circuit Court of the
LAW INSTITUTION OF HARVARD UNIVER,
T HE Autumn Term of the Law School will commence on
the 28th day of August next.
The design of this institution is to afford a complete course
of legal education for gentlemen intended for the bar in either of
the United States. The course of instruction embraces the va-
rious branches of Public and Constitutional Law, Admiralty,
Maritime, Equity, and Common Law, with occasional illustra-
tions of Foreign Jurisprudence. The active labors of instruc-
tion are shared equally by Mr. Justice Story, who is Dane Pro-
fessor of Law in the University, and by Mr. Greenleaf, the
Royal Professor of Law, who has the immediate direction and
superintendence of the Law School.
No previous examination is necessary for admission; but the
student is expected to produce testimonials of good charac-
ter. He also gives a bond of $200 to the Steward, with a surety,
resident in Massachusetts, for the payment of College dues.
The fees are at the rate of $100 per annum, an'd are computed
for any period not less than one quarter; for which sum, with-
out additional charge, students have the use of the lecture rooms,
the Law and College Libraries, and text books; and are admit-
ted to all the public lectures in the University. They may
also study *any foreign language in the University for $10 per
annum. The price of board varies from $2 25 to $3 50 per
week, and of room rent from 75 cents to $1 25 per week. Fuel,
prepared for use, is furnished, at cost, by the Steward.
The Academical year, which commences on the fourth Wed-
nesday in August, is divided into two terms of twenty weeks
each, and twd vacations of six weeks each, alternately succeed-
ing each other.
Instruction is given by examinations, and oral lectures and
expositions, of which each Piofessor gives at least six, every
week, to the several classes. A Moot Court is holden in each
week, at which a cause, previously given cut, is argued by four
students, and an opini >n is delivered by the presiding Profes-
The degree of Bachelor of Laws is conferred by the Univer-
sity on all students who have completed the regular term of'
professional studies required in the States to which they respec-
tively belong, eighteen months thereof, or three full terms,
having been passed in the Law School of this Institution.
In behalf of the Faculty,
Royal Professor of Law.
Cambridge, Mass. June 10, 1839. june 20- w4w
LAND FOR SALE.-The subscriber, wishing to re-
move to tie West, offers for sale a desirable farm on
which hle now resides, situated in Prince George's county,
Maryland, about four miles north of Bladensburg, and one mile
west of the rEilroad leading from Waslhington city to Baltimore,
it being part of a tract called Swowden's Discovery and part
of Friendship, containing together 188. acres, more or less, of
good and improvable soil, adapted to the growth of corn, tobac-
co, wheat, rye, and oats, with a sufficiency of wood and tim-
ber, a promising young orchard of apple and other fruit trees
now in full bearing, and one hundred apple trees planted out this
Spring; there is on thie above premises a new and convenient
dwelling-house, one story and a half high, two rooms and a pass-
age below and two rooms above, together with kitchen, corn-
house, smoke-house, stables, tobacco house, thrashing-house,
dairy, and an excellent spring of water within one hundred yards
of the dwelling, and other necessary outhouses.
Also, part of a tract called Clover Farms, within half a mile
of the above tract, containing 185 acres, more or less, on which
there are a sufficiency of wood and timber, from 12 to 15 acres
of meadow land, and one tobacco-house. It is deemed unneces-
sary to give a more minute description of the above property, as
those disposed to purchase will of course view for themselves.
The terms of sale wiil be made known on -application to the
june 10-2awlm JOHN B. BEALL.
VALUABLE PROPERTY FOR SALE IN
ARKANSAS.-3,000 acres of Cotton Land, and 100
This estate lies ir-Phillips county, in the State of Arkansas,
and is situated in Walnut bend, on the Mississippi river, twen-
ly-five miles above the town of Helena-said to be the highest
river land in that region of country. It was upon this land that
the neighbors around drove their cattle to get food, and to save
them from the high waters of the year 1828. There are six
hundred acres cleared, and a portion of it has" been cultivated
in corn two years, which has put it in excellent condition for
cotton the present year; for the growth of which the soil is
peculiarly well adapted. The improvements are, an Overseer's
house, a first-rate Horse Mill, and fifteen good quarters for ser-
vants. The clearing on the rest of the land is far easier, (the
worst having been gone through,) being less timbered, and most
of that Ash, which is rendered very valuable for its ready sale
at a well-located wood-yard, where several thousand cords may
be sold during the year. 'The Negroes were settled on the lan-
in the autumn of 1836, and are now considered acclimated.
Out of the hundred, there are seventy-six working hands,
young, strong, and healthy, nearly equally divided as re-
gards sexes. Among them are carpenters, shoemakers, and
several good house servants. They are said, by judges, to com-
pare with any lot of Negroes that have ever been sent to the
Southern country. They have one great advantage over most
Negroes, a desideratum seldom to be met with in so large a
number, viz. that they have not been collected from various
places, but are in families, and have been raised together.
For terms apply to JAMES KENT, near Pig Point, Anne
Arundel county, Maryland, or to JOSEPH KENT, who re-
sides on the premises. Letters for Joseph Kent should be di-
rected to Helena. feb 28-3t&wcptf
fglWO HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.-
-Ran.away from Willow Brook, the residence of the late
Daniel Clarke, on or about the 9th day of June, negro JOHN,
about 4.0 years of age. John is remarkably black, but has a
pleasant countenance ; he stoops, and is rather slender than
corpulent. His clothing is not recollected.
We gill give, for the apprehension and delivery of John to
the subscribers, or any one of them, or his comiittal to jail so
that they get him again, fifty dollars if taken in Prince George's
county, Maryland; one hundred dollars if taken in any other
county of said State, or in the District of Colunmbia ; and the
above reward of two hundred dollars if taken out of this State,
upon the terms aforesaid. But in either of the aforesaid cases the
reward offered is to be in full for all charges whatever relative
to his apprehension. GATHARINE CLARKE,
WM. D. BOWIE,
june 22-2awtf Adm'rs of Daniel Clarke.
A TTH [EfNIA OF DAMASOUS, a Tragedy, by Rufius
H-IANCA VISCONTI, or the Heart Overtasked, by N. P.
Just published, and for sale between 9th and 10th streets,
Pennsylvania avenue. R. FARNHAM.
ACK DOWNING PAPERS.-Part 1st, Series 1st.
John Smith's Letters, with Picters" to match, contain-
ing reasons why John Smith should not change his name, Miss
Debby Smith's juvenile spirit, together with the only authentic
history extant of the late war on our disputed territory.
For sale between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
may 27 R. FARNHAM.
OURNAI1 OF A RECENT VISIT TO THE
PRINCIPAL VINEYARDS of Spain and Prance,
with some remarks on the very limited quantity of the finest
wines produced throughout the world, and their consequent
intrinsic value; an attempt to calculate the profits of cultivating
the vine ; a catalogue of the different varieties of grape ; and
an estimate of the profits of Malaga fruits, together with obser-
vations relative to the introduction of the vine into New South
Wales, by James Busby, Esq.
Just received and for sale by W. M. MORRISON,
may 15 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
1 FAMILY AT' HOME, or familiar illustrations of the
1. various domestic duties, with an introductory notice, by
G. D. Abbott.
The House I Live In, or the Human Body, for the use offam-
ilies and schools. By Wm. A. Alcott.
How shall I Govern my School? addressed to young teach-
ers, and also adapted to assist parents in family government, by
E. C. Wines.
Rolling Ridge, or the Book of Four-and-Twenty Chapters.--
"This little work has been written to illustrate, in an open and
familiar manner, the comparative happiness of a life passed in
rural sceqes and employment, and in the practice of virtuous
deeds over that enjoyed in the scenes of high, fashionable dis-
sipation, or in low and debasing vice."
For sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Av.
may 8 R. FARNHAM.
TEPHEN'S WRITING FLUID.-Just received,
and opened for sale at Stationers' Hall, Stephen's genu-
ine unchangeable light and dark blue and red writing fluid.
MEATS, MEDICINES, AND WOOD.-AN-
WASHINGTON ASYLUM, FRIDAY, JUNE 21, 1839.
PROPOSALS will be received until Friday, the 12th
July, for supplying all the Fresh and Salt Beef, with
the privilege of selection once a webk by the Intendant of other
meats, that may be required for the use of this Institution for
one year ensuing; all the said meats to be of good and approved
quality, and to be delivered by the contractor at the Asylum, on
receiving from the Intendant due notice of its being required.
Proposals will also be received until Friday, 12th July, for
supplying all the Medicines that may be required for the use
of this Institution for one year ensuing. Persons desirous of
offering to furnish the same are referred to the Physician at the
Asylum for a list of the articles whiqh will probably be required.
The medicines to be of the best quality, and to be delivered in
such quantities as may be required by the Physician.
Proposals will also be received until the first Friday in August
next, for furnishing and delivering at the Asylum, by the 1st day
of October next, 100 cords best quality red or black Oak
Wood, and 50 cords Pine Wood, to be there corded, inspect-
ed, and measured, subject to the approval of the Guardians,
All proposals to furnish the above Meats and Medicines-will
be sentto the Asylum, and lodged with the Intendant, on or
before Friday, the 12th July, when the Board of Guardians
will act on them, and for the Wood until the first Friday in
August next. june 22-2aw3t
VALUABLE AND EXTENSIVE PROPER-
TY FOR SALE.-The subscriber offers for sale tier
valuable real estate in Monongalia and Harrison counties,
Virginia, on the Tygart Valley river, 22 miles above Morgan-
town, and 87 by land from Pittsburg, Pa., consisting of about
6,000 acres of land, including the celebrated Great Valley
Falls. The lands bound the Valley river on both sides for
nearly 12 miles above the Falls, and 1k miles below the upper
Falls, and are covered with white oak and poplar timber of a
quality and quantity probably not surpassed, if equalled, by any
in the United States. Inexhaustible beds of Stone Coal, con-
sisting of three strata, one of which is nine feet thick, and an
abundance of the best quality of Iron Ore, which can be pio-
cured and conveyed with less expense than probably from any
other land in the States. The iron ore can be loaded in boats
out of the banks and the bed of the river, and conveyed to any
point desired. On this estate, are several improved farms,
which are now cultivated en shares, the produce of which
is used by the workmen and their fdmiliea at the Falls, as also
for the support of the teams at the mill, &c.
The improvements at the Falls are: A Canal, cut out ofa solid
rock, 150 yards long, 20 feet wide and 4 feet deep, making a
water power inferior to none in the United States, and superior
to any in the Western Country-there being a perpendicular
fall of 22 feet, and a constant supply of water the year round,
sufficient to drive at least 24 pair of mill-burrs, with their ne-
cessary machinery. Also, a Railroad 1f miles in length, ex-
tending from the pool above the falls to the pool below the ra-
pids, at the head of navigation. One Saw-mill, in fist rate or-
der, 80 feet long and 30 feet wide ; 2 sets of saws, 1 butting-
saw, and all the necessary fixtures for sawing steamboat tim-
ber, and all other kinds suitable for the neighborhood and the
lower trade. Eight Dwelling-houses, Store-house, and Black-
These lands secure all the valuable water-power extending
from the upper falls to the foot of the rapids, there being 100
feet of fall in a distance of 1 miles. The Valley river is 150
yards wide about the falls, and is nearly a slack-water naviga-
tion for 12 miles up, and a good down river navigation from the
railroad to Pittsburg, boats and rafts now running out with every
About 53 acres of land of this estate are situated 12 miles be-
low the falls, and were purchased particularly for a steamboat
yard and the building of other bouts, there being an eddy of I
of a mile long, very deep at all stages of water, and known as
the celebrated Morgan Eddy.
It has recently been discovered that these lands contain ma-
ny valuable minerals; such, in addition to the above enumerat-
ed, as Lotd, Copper, Silver, and Chrome, specimens of which
can be seen at the residence of the subscriber, which, by a
course of analyzation, may prove to be extremely important.
It is expected that the State of Virginia will improve the navi-
gation down to the Pennsylvania line, to connect with the im-
provement now in progress ,by 4e Monongahela Navigation
Company. Thie Virginia State Engineer is now reviewing the
Valley river for the purpose of ascertaining the practicability
and the whole cost of the same.
To orm panies desirous of embarking in the coal, lumber, iron,
and mining business, this is far the most healthy and desirable
situation in the Western country, or perhaps in the United States,
surrounded by the most fertile lands in Western Virginia, at the
head ofa navigation of more than two thousand miles in extent.
The Northwestern Turnpike of Virginia passes through these
lands five miles'above the falls, leading from Winchester to
Parkernburg, on the Ohio river. The Middleton and Wheel-
ing Turnpike, locating from the Northwestern Turnpike at the
Tygart's Valley River Bridge to Wheeling, passes down the
river directly past the falls. The quality and abundance of
stone coal, iron ore, and other minerals, and quantity and qual-
ity of timber, together with the superior natural advantages for
manufacturing the same, are inducements sufficient to encou-
rage capitalists to purchase, and make one of the most profita-
ble investments that has been offered in theWestern country.
An indisputable title will be made, and possession given at
such a time as may be agreed upon. Persons disposed to pur-
chase would do well to examine the property and judge for
For particulars address or call upon E. W. TOWER, Esq.
Morgantown, Monongalia county, Vd. who will accompany pur-
chasers and show them the property, or to J. C. CUMMINS, Esq.
Pittsburg, Pa, or to the subscriber.
SARAH B. FETTERMAN,
Execitrix and Devisee of the late W. W. Fetterman, Esq. dee'd.
Pittsbrirg, June 15, 1839. june 20-w4w
DEMOCRATIC REVIEW FOR JUNE, 1839,
this day received, price $5 per annum, single number 50
cents, mailed.to all parts of the United States, by
june 10 F. TAYLOR.
N EW BOOKS.-Memoirs of Celebrated Women, edited
by G. P. R. James, Esq. author of Darnley, De L'Orme
Also, thIe Croppy, a Tale of the O'Hara Family, in 2 vols.
A lso, the Adventures of Robin Day, by the author of Calavar,
ic k of the Woods, in 2 vols.
Also, Advice to a Young Gentleman on Entering Society, by
the author of the Laws of Etiquette
WM. M. MORRISON,
may 10 4 doors west of Brow-'s Hotel.
UST RECEIVED, and for sale by WV. M. MORRI-
SON, four doors west of Brown's Hotel-
Life of the Cardinal de Cheverus, Archbishop of Bordeaux,
by the Rev. J. Huen Boubourg, ex-Professor of Theology.
Translated from the French by Robert Walsh.
N EW BOOKS.-The Idler in Italy, by the Countess of
Blessington, in 2 vols.
Horace Vernon, or Fashionable Life, 2 vols.
The American Joe Miller, with humorous illustrations.
This day received, and forsale at
W. M. MORRISON'S
Book and Stationery store, four doors west of
ap 24 Brown's Hotel.
W INTER STUDIES AND SUMMER RAM-
BLES IN CANADA, by Mrs. Jameson, author of
Characteristics of Women, Female Sovereigns, &c. in 2 vols.
Just received, and for sale between 9th and 10th streets
Penn.avenue. R. FARNHAM.
B OOK OF THOUGHTS.-A fresh supply tisday
received, and for sale by W. M. MORRISON, four doors
west of Brown's Hotel, of Proverbial Philosophy, a Book of
Thoughts and Arguments, originally treated by Martin Farqu-
har Tupper, Esq. M. A.
Bruff on Engineering Field Work, 1 vol.
Hancock on Common Road Steam Carriages, 1 vol.
Capt. Glascock's Naval Officer's Manual, 2 vols.
Gwil, on Arches,
Robson's Marine Surveying,
Ure's Dictionary of Mineralogy and Chemistry, with their ap-
plications, and other English works, just imported, for sale by
feb 15 F. TAYLOR.
HEAP LETTER PAPER.-A superior article of
Letter Paper, bought at auction in New York, is this day
opened, for sale by F. TAYLOR, at $2 50 per ream, (equiva-
lent to 121 cents per quire,) being the same paper of which
much has been sold in the District of Columbia at four dollars
BANK OF THE METROPOLIS, MAY 30, 1839.
NOTICE.-The annual election for directors of this bank
will be held on the first Monday in July next, at the
banking house, from 10 o'clock A. M. till 3 o'clock P. M., un-
der the provisions of the charter.
may 30-3taw Cashier.
I MPORTED JOHN BULL.-This imported stallion
will make his second season at Upper Marlboro', Prince
George's county, Md., commencing on the 15th of March, and
ending on the 1stof July next. Terms for thorough bred mares
$40 the season, payable by the 1st of July, when the season will
expire ; and $60 dollars for insurance. He will also be permit-
ted to cover a limited number of common mares, at $15 the
season, without insurance; $1 dollar to the groom in each case.
John Bull was purchased in England, by Mr. Tattersall, for
Capt. Stockton of the Navy, and by him imported into this
country. He will be six years old this spring, is a dark bay, six-
teen handshigh,with no white, except a very little on the coronet
of his right hind foot. In form he is unsurpassed by any horse
in this country, whether native or imported. The purity of his
blood, and the excellence of his pedigree for the racing quali-
ties of his stock on both sides of the house, cannot be beaten by
that of any horse in the world.
PEDIGREE.-John Bull was gotby Chatead Margaux, (since
imported, and now covering in Alabama at $100 the season,)
his dam, as was also the dam of ROROTON, by Woful, full
brother to Whalebone, sire of Chateau, both being by Waxy,
out of the famous Penelope, she by Trumpeter, out of the no
less famous Prunella, who, says Darville (author of a recent
treatise on the care, treatment, and training of the English race-
horse,) "was the dam of eleven first-rate horses, and she is
said to have realized to the Grafton family little short of
100,000. In fact, all breeders of race-horses try for a stain of
the justly celebrated Prunella." John BDll's grandam was by
Benningbrough, out of Brandon's sister, his g. grandam Miss
Tomboy by HIGHFLYER, of whom it is enough to say he was
Highflyer! the great 1 AM of horses that never were beat, and
never paid forfeit, &c. For further paticulars of pedigree see
John Bull, it is believed, is nearer allied in a direct line to
the immortal Highflyer than any other horse now living.'
Those who prefer to have recourse to imported blood, combin-
ing the very best in England, to cross on their native mares, have
now an opportunity, at a comparatively moderate expense, to
avail themselves of the use of a stallion, who, though he has
himself never been started in a race, possesses the fine points
of a race-horse, with ample size, and a pedigree equal if not
superior to that of any other living horse.
The following letter written by Captain Thomson, at the re-
quest of Captain Stockton, to T. F. Bowie, Esq., the present
owner of John Bull, will account for his never having been run:
PRINCETON, NOVEMBER 26, 1838.
SIR : Captain Stockton being very much engaged in making
his arrangements for going to sea in the U. S. ship Ohio, has de-
sired me, in his behalf, to reply tq your letter of October last.
John Bull was purchased by Mr. Tattersall for him in Eng-
land, in the spring of 1834, then one year old, and was imported in
the same year into the United States. The pedigree, as given
in your advertisement, and to Mr. J. S. Skinner, was derived
from the certificate of Mr. Tattersall.
He was trained when three yearsold, andshowed go6d speed
in his training, but previous to the races he fell lame, and was
not tried. In his exercise lie injured himself, (I think from fall-
ing,) and was not taken up again during that year. The fol-
lowing year he was slightly trained, and had a run of one mile,
but not having sufficiently recovered from his lameness or its
effects, (he being a very heavy horse,) he was not continued in
training, and was again thrown out.
He was a horse of remarkably good disposition and good con-
stitution, and certainly combines many of the best crosses of
blood in England.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,'
JOHN R. THOMSON.
THOMAS F. BowIE,
Prince George's county, Md.
John Bull is now in high health and fine plight, and if it be
true, as it unquestionably is, that "blood will tell," both in beast
and man, then must his get prove to be winners, for they will
unite the bl6od of the great luminaries of the English turf, Chil-
ders, Old Snap, Eclipse, King Fergus, King Herod, Highflyer,
Pot-8-os, Benningbrough, Prunella, Penelope, Waxy, down to,
though last, not least, Chateau MIargaux, his sire, winner twen-
ty-two times-fourteen of them fd Ou.riaes and upwards, four or
four mile heats.
Arrangements have been made to have all mares sent from
a distance, with or without colts, well grained and fed for forty
cents per day, with pasturage gratis. In good care of them
there shall be no mistake, but no liability for accidents or es-
capes. Address to
mar 14-wt stJuly
SAMUELY I. HAKRRS,
L ISHING TACKLE.-A general. assortment, best
Quality, imported and domestic, for sale at the lowest
prices, for cash, at the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy store, be-
tween 11th and 12th streets, Penn. avenue.
P. S. Very superior pure honey-dew and sweet-scented
Chewing Tobacco, for sale as above. june 21
CREHORE'S AND BARTLETT'S PLAYING
CARDS at Manufacturers prices.- F. TAYLOR
has-on hand a large supply of all the best varieties of Cohen's,
Bartlett's, and Crehore's Playing Cards, the property of the
Manufacturers, who put their best cards into his hands in quan-
tities, allowing him a commission, for the purpose of enabling
him to sell to dealers in the article, or to those purchasing by the
quantity, at the lowest New York and Boston prices., hese
terms will be strictly complied with, and purchasers may have
the advantage of a personal selection, combined with the saving
of postage, freight, insurance, and exchange, by calling to ex-
amine his supply before sending their orders to the North.
ENNIS'S SILK MANUAL, containitig complete
directions for cultivating the different kinds of mulberry
trees, feeding silk-worms, and manufacturing silk to profit,
adapted to the wants of the American cultivator, and believed
to contain more practical information than any similar work
now before the Public ; with a supplement of extracts from va-
rious authors in relation to the profit of raising silk ; by Jona-
than Dennis, jr. of Portsmouth, R. I. an experienced silk-grow-
er, and inventor of the Patent Premium Silk-Spinner and
Twister, and the Patent Contra Twist Silk Reel, &c. is this
day received and for sale by W. M. MORRISON, 4 doors west
of Brown's Hotel; price 25 cents. june 13
"EW LAW BOOKS.-A treatise on the law relative
to sales of personal property, by George Long, Esq.
A Digest of Cases adjudicated in the Courts of Admiralty of
the United States, and the High Court of Admiralty in Eng-
land, together with some- topics from the works of Sir Leo-
line Jenkins, Knight, Judite of the Admiralty in the reign of
Charles II, by George Ticknor Curtis.
Treatise on the Contract of Sale, by R. J. Potheir, translat-
ed from the French by L. S. Cushing.
A few. copies are this day received and for sale at Boston
prices by W. M. MORRISON, at his Book and Stationery Store,
4 doors west of Brown's Hotel. [Glo] june 3
7 REATISE ON GEMS, by Doctor L. Feuchtwanger,
Sin reference to their practical and scientific value, 1 vol.
octavo, with engravings, price $1 25 ; being a useful guide for
the jeweller, amateur, artist, lapidary, mineralogist, and che-
mist ; accompanied by a description of the most interesting
American gems, and ornamental and architectural materials.
An additional supply this day received for sale by
may 20 F. TAYLOR.
fliHtIE MONTHLY MISCELLANY OF RELI-
l GION AND LETTERS, conducted by the Rev.
C. Palfrey, is published at Boston in montin ondhly numbers for $3
per annum. Subscriptions will be received at F. TAYLOR'S,
where the first number, just issued from the press, may be ex-
A supply of the Unitarian Hymn Books just received.
TEEW BOOKS.-History of Michigan, Civil and Topo-
.N graphical, in a compendious foi m,with a view of the sur-
rounding Lakes, with.a Map. By James H. Lanman.
Sermons preached in the Church of the Epiphany, Phila.
By S. H. Tyng, D. D. Pastor.
Truth made Simple, being the first volume of a systeni of
Theology for children.
Character of God ; by the Rev. John Todd, Pastor of the
First Congregational Church of Philadelphia, and author of
Lectures to Children.
Are this day received, and for sale at
W. M. MORRISON'S
Book and Stationery store, four doors west of
I -- 4,
ASSIZE OF BREAD.-The cash price of superfine
flour in Washington county is ascertained to be from $6
to $6 50; and in conformity with the act of the'Corporation,.
approved December 23, 1814, regulating the weight an 'quality
of bread, the weight of loaves for the month of July ensuing
Single Loaf 22 ounces.
Double Loaf 44 ounces.
STEPHENS'S BLUE FLUID.-A large assortment
of the above article, genuine, in various size bottles, to be
had at the lowest prices, between 9th and 10th streets, Penn-
june 27 R. FARNHAM.
JUST RECEIVED, a lot of figured and painted Book
Muslins in dress patterns, a new article.
Also, superior yard wide French Chintz, at 37 ct. per yard.
RICARDS, GIBBS & CO.
june 27-eo3t llth street and Pennsylvania Avenue.
A CARD.-The subscribers return their thanks to their
-customers for the liberal patronage bestowed upon them.
They,now solicit all persons indebted to them 4b call and settle
up. All accounts will be rendered about tie 1st of July, it be-
ing the stated time forothe collection of bills.
june 27-e B. WINGERD & CO.
t IRtEDERICK WHITE SU LPHUR SPRINGS.
k The subscriber announces to the Public that this plea-
sant and delightful retreat will be opened on the 1st of June,
for the reception of company. Situated in the heart of the She-
nandoah Valley, it is the most easy of access of all the Virginia
Springs, placing the invalid from the seaboard as well as the
votary of pleasure, after a few hours' ride in a bracing moun-
tain atmosphere, in a neighborhood agreeable and proverbial
for its health, and but one mile distant from Cain's Depot on
the Winchester and Potomac railroad- where'a public convey-
ance will always meet the cars ascending and descending-
and about five miles from Winchester.
This watering place, long and favorably known under the
name of Duvall's and Williams's Sulphur Spring, has been re-
sorted to by persons laboring under liver affection, and other
derangements of secretion, with the happiest effect. The effi-
cacy of the water, attested by numbers from the Atlantic cities,
to which it is so readily accessible, is believed to be equal to
that of any spring in Virginia.
The accommodations have been greatly increased since last
season-including a large three-story brick building, contain-
ing from forty to fifty lodging rooms, well finished, besides a
large ball room, for which the best music has been provided ; '
baths to suit the wishes of the visitors; and other improvements
to meet the extended reputation ot the summer resort. Every
effort has been made to place this delightful watering place upon
a footing with the most fashionable placesof the kind, and every
exertion will be used to give satisfaction.
june 3-2aw6w GRANVILLE JORDAN.
NEW MOTTO SEALS.-A great variety of new
diamond shape glass black motto seals, with best im-
pressions, some containing female names neatly encircled in
a handsome Wreath, is this day opened for sale at Stationers'
june 20 (Advo) W. FISCHER.
N EW STEEL PENS.-W. FISCHER has just re-
L ceived several kinds of new steel pens, called the Sham-
rock, Flexidensdted, the Great Western, Council, Macrostyle,
Compensating, and double refined Perfection.
Also on hand, 60 varieties of other Metallic pens, from the
celebrated manufacturers Perry, Gillott, Windle, Warrin,
Heeley & Sons, comprising every degree of elasticity and finest
of points, suitable for the heavy hand of a school boy to the de-
licate touch of a lady's hand, su .that all persons who use steel
pens may rely on being suited at Stationers' Hall, on the most
reasonable terms, where, for
Things of use and things of sport,
The curious there resort.
june 20 (Advocate)
j ELANCTHON.-Coxe's Liff ofMelancthon, detail-
1 ing also the important transactions of the Reformation,
1 vol. 316 pages, handsomely printed and well bound, 62 cents.
Pascal's Provincial Letters, in English, one octavo volume,
Mather ion the Types, re-written by Caroline Pryi nrrhotnmf
"The Listener," &c., 2 volumes bound in one, 351 pages, 62
Martineau's Devotional Exercises, 1 volume, 31 cents.
Jeremy Taylor's Holy Living and Dying, with prayers, 2
volumes in one, 75 cents.
Jeremy Taylor's Liberty of Prophesying, I vol., 50 cents.
Bishop Heber's Life of Jeremy Taylor, with an account of his
writings, and portraits of both Bishops, 1 volume, 75 cents.
june 20 F. TAYLOR.
P AULDING'S WORKS,the uniform edition complete
kin 15 vols. Just received and for sale at W. M. MORRI-
SON'S Book and Stationery Store, 4 doors west of Brown's
Hotel. may 24
RAVITIES AND GAIETIES.-Just published,
o.A Gravities and Gaities, by S. F. Glenn, in one volume,
12mo. for sale at
Penn. av. between 11th and 12th streets.
O LD INDIAN CHRONICLE, being a collection of
Exceeding rare tracts written and published in the time
of King Philip's War, by persons residing in the country, to-
gether with other Chronicles of the Indians from the discove-
ry of America to the present time, 1 vol. price 75 cents, just
received for sale by F. TAYLOR, who has for sale a number
of other valuable works relating to the aborigines.
VWIORTESA, or, The Usurer Match'd; by N. P.
I.. Willis : Bianca Visconti, or, The Heart Overtasked; by
N. P. Willis : and Athenia of Damascus, by Rufus Dawes.
The three first numbers of Colman's Dramatic Library.
Just received, and for sale at the bookstore of
june 13 Between 9th and 10th sts. Penn. avenue.
r 'HE MERCHANT'S MANUAL, containing the
.J. principles of Trade, Commerce, and Banking, with Mer-
chants' Accounts, Inland and Foreign Bills, Par of Exchange,
Equation of Payments, &c. by B. F. Foster, is for sale by W.
M. MORRISON, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
june 13 (Globe)
J AMES'S NEW NOVEL.-" The Gentleman of the
Old School," in 2 volumes, by the author of Charles
Tyrrell," Darnley," Richelieu," "Philip Augustus," &c. is
this day received for sale by F. TAYLOR, or for circulation
among the subscribers to the Waverley Circulating Library.
C HURCI-H MUSIC.-W. FISCHER has just received
frorr. Boston, by the brig Wankinco, the following popu-
lar Church Music arranged by the most eminent professors viz.
The Boston Academy's Collection, last edition
do Glee Book
Music of Nature
Lives of Haydn and Mozart
Social Sacred Melodist, consisting of songs, duets,
anthems, &c., with an accompaniment for Piano Forte or Organ,
by Oliver Shaw.
A selection of Charts and Doxologies, for the use of the Pro-
testant Episcopal Church, set in four vocal parts, with an accom-
paniment for the Organ. June 25
7I1ERM RERORTS.-In the Court of Queen's Bench,
5 by Willmore and Hodges, of the Inner Temple.
Bail Court, by F. L. Wollaston, of the Middle Temple.
Court of Common Pleas, by T. J. Arnold, of Lincoln's Inn.
Court of Exchequer, by Horn and Hurlstone, of the Middle
This series commences with the reign.of Queen Victoria, and
up to January, 1839, six numbers have been printed, including
those for Michaelmas 'I erm, 1838, and containing the whole
Common Law and Exchequer Reports of England up to that pe-
ried. Price $1 25 per number.
The first number is this day received by F. TAYLOR, and
may be examined and subscribed for at his store. The sic-
ceeding numbers will be received in quick succession. The
work, being published in pamphlet form, can be sent through
the mails, at a slight periodical postage, to any part of the Uni-
F. TAYLOR is also agent for the Law Library and Jurist.
GRAVE CREEK MOUND.
BY THOMAS TOWNSEND.
FROM THE CINCINNATI CHRONICLE.
'Messrs. THOMAS BIGGS and ABELARD TOMLINSON are
now engaged in opening the large Mound at the Flats of
Grave Creek," on the Ohio river, twelve miles below the
city of Wheeling. This Mound is, I believe, included
within the town plat of Moundsville; which, within a few
years, has been laid out adjoining to the town of Eliza-
bethtown, and may be considered a kind of addition to it.
These two towns together make the county seat of Mar-
shall county, Virginia. This newly organized county was
taken from Tyler and Ohio counties by the Legislature of
Virginia, and named Marshall, in honor of the late Chief
Justice 9f the United States, the Hon. JOHN MARSHALL.
It is now a beautiful village, and at no very distant day
will make a very handsome town.
The Mound, situated within this town, being generally
acknowledged to be the largest in the United States, or,
indeed, in the whole world, so far as yet known, will al-
ways give this place celebrity, and make it a place desira-
ble to be visited by foreigners, by the curious, and by the
antiquary from all parts of the world. When the arrange-
ments now in progress shall have been completed, not
many travellers would wish to pass this stupendous work
of a departed race of ancient people, without calling to
view it, and to contemplate the rude ideas of these ancients
in the procurement of posthumous fame, compared with
the ideas entertained by the present generation ; thus hav-
ing his mind led back to that early and rude state of soci-
ety, before the,discovery and introduction of the arts, and
the acquirement of any degree of mechanical skill. From
this contemplation the visitor may trace the progress of
human improvement fiom one degree to another, through
a long series of ages to the present timp.
The gentlemen engaged in opening this Mound com-
menced their entry on the north side of it, about four feet
above the level of the external base, and carried it horizon-
tally to the centre. This drift, horizontal shaft, or entry,
will be, when completed, about six feet wide and eight feet
high, terminating at the top in a gothic arch. In the ex-
cavation of this driftit is plainly to be seen that the Mound
was commenced.on a small eminence, seven or eight feet
above the level of the surrounding plain; the top of the
original surface being very plainly seen along the sides of
the drift, until it reaches the vault in the centre and b.,se
of the Mound, at which place the natural surface appears
to have been about seven feet higher than the bottom of the
drift, when it enters the yault.
This Mound appears to have been constructed at two
different, and, probably, very distant, periods of time. Be-
cause there were found within it two vaults; one in the
bottom, and another near the top. The vault in-the bot-
tom and base and centre of the Mound was excavated
nine feet deep, or, at least when cleaned out, it is nine feet
deep from bottom to top. From all appearances, it was
constructed in the following manner: After having made
an excavation in the natural earth, about seven or eight
feet deep, and deposited their illustrious dead, it was then
covered with timber, supported on the inside by logs set
on their ends at short intervals from each other in a circle;
and over this covering of timber was placed a covering of
stone of about two feet and a half thick. Over the top of
all this the earth of which the Mound is composed has
been built. There was no wood or timber in a state of
preservation as such found in the vaults.; but the marks
were perfectly visible of the shape and size of these logs
of timber. Even a perfect impression or cast of the bark
was left in the earth, from which the timber appears to
have rotted away.
It would seem that, in process of time, after the construc-
tion of the vaults and Mound, that the wood which cover-
ed the tops of the vaults had become rotten, and fallen in
by the pressure of the superincumbent earth. Thus the
vaults were filled up, and the wood composing a part of
their contents became converted into light mould, such as
is found on the surface of the earth in our rich woods,
where much leaves and other vegetable matter has under-
The architectural knowledge of the ancient people who
raised this structure, no doubt for posthumouisfame, and a
national monument, must have been very limited, or they
would have erected some kind of stone wall, instead:of up-
right timbers, and some kind of stone arch for greater du-
rability, instead of supporting the stone of the roof with
such perishable materials as timber. The Mound having
been evidently constructed for the purpose of a national
monument, and to-perpetuate' the name and fame of some
of their renowned chiefs ahd rulers or leaders, one would
think that the highest mechanical skill they possessed
would have been called into requisition, and every precau-
tion taken to insure the greatest durability of which they had
any knowledge. But the knowledge of the arts and mechan-
ical skill of these ancient people appears not to have been
at all sufficient for the erection .of even the most rude stone
wall, or any kind of stone arch, or on this occasion it would
undoubtedly have been called into exercise.
The stones used for covering the tops of these vaults are
such as are found in the bed of the Ohio river, and in Big
Grave creek," on either side of the Mound. Many of these
stones were round and smooth, occasioned by having been
-rubbed against each other by the washing of the waters in
the river and creek. Many of them were large, and some,
in the opinion of the workmen, would weigh 150 pounds,
but on none taken from the vaults could there be discover-
ed any marks of a hammer, or any other tool, such as is
now used in the building of stone walls; but the stones
were laid loosely together, so as to exhibit a very low de-
gree of mechanical.skill. Some of the stones used appear
to have been taken from the opposite side of the Ohio ri-
ver to that'on which the Mound is erected, because they
are of the same quality and'appearance of Novaculite as
those of a Whetstone Q(uarry" on the opposite side of the
river from the Mound, and a few hundred yards higher upp;
and there are no stones of the same kind or quality any
where else for many miles. From this circumstance, little
doubt can be entertained that a part of the stones used for
covering the vaults were brought across the river, either on
rafts or logs, or in some kind of canoe made of the bark or
from the trunks of trees.
After the studding up of the sides and covering the tops
of the vaults, first with timber, and over it the layer of stones,
then the earth, of which the Mound is composed, was
thrown up, until it was raised about half its present height.
In this stateit remained probably for centuries. However,
after a longer or shorter period, a second vault was con-
structed similar to the first, the roof of which is now thir-
teen feet below the present summit of the Mound.
It has been repeatedly found that the places for the gen-
eral interment of the dead of the ancient inhabitants Were
small mounds or tumuli. We generally find the small
mounds filled with. vast numbers of human bones. But in
all the large mounds which have been opened there gener-
ally.has been found but one skeleton. This goes to show
.that the common mass of the population were buried in the
small mounds, and that the very large ones were built as
national monuments, and perhaps to perpetuate.the fame
of their-distinguished chiefs or renowned kings. This idea
is in accordance with all the examinations heretofore made.
Arid a recent proof of it has been afforded by the Osage In-
dians. In Beck's Gazetteer of the States of Illinois and
Mississippi, page 308, as quoted by Priest, we find the fol-
Ancient works exist on this river and the Arkansas, as else-
where. The remains of mounds are almost every where to be
seen. One of the largest mounds in this country has been
thrown up upon this stream, (the Wabash,) within the last thi--
ty or forty years, by the Osages, near the Osage village, in ho-
nor of one of their deceased chiefs. This fact proves conclu-
sively the original object of these mounds, and refutes the the-
ory that they must necessarily have been erected by a race of
men more civilized than the I;resent tribes of Indians. Were
it neces-ary, (says Dr. Beck,) numerous other facts might be
adduced to prove that the mounds are no other than the tombs
of their great men."
This stupendous Mound at Grave Creek, instead of be-
ing erected as the monumental tomb of one individual only,
was built for several. Having two vaults, one about six-
teen or seventeen feet above the other, it is manifest that
its magnitude must have been increased at two different
periods of time, and no doubt in honor of the three re-
nowned individuals whose bones were found within its
vaults. The contents of the vaults justify this supposition.
In the bottom of the lower vault there were found two
human skeletons. They were found with their heads near-
one side. Wi4thihts skeleton were found some large and
rude ivory beads, and one rude ornament of stone. As In-
dian females were not decorated with ornaments until long
since the discovery of America by Columbus, and indeed
very few even at this day, it has been conjectured that this
skeleton was that of a male, while the other skeleton was
that of a female, and probably the wife of the former.
This, however, is a mere conjecture, founded on the cir-
cumstance of the absence of all ornaments, and the much
greater delicacy of the bones compared with the other ; the
inferior jaw being much smaller, and likewise the bulk
much smaller and more delicate. The teeth were all re-
maining and perfectly sound. There was one peculiarity
about the teeth of this last skeleton which is believed to be
very unusual; and that is, the fangs of the molar or dou-
ble teeth, instead of separating and diverging from each
other, like those of mankind in general, were all united to
their points like those of the bicuspid teeth, which gives
them quite a conical appearance. Both of these individ-
uals had been like some we meet with in the present day,
whose teeth, instead of having the front incisors of the up-
per jaw project before and overlap those in the lower jaw,
met square upon each other, by which they were worn
down until their crowns were almost worn away. I have
seen no individual of the present generation whose teeth
were as much worn at a less age than sixty years. Hence
it may be inferred that these were both elderly persons.
The bones of the head of the last skeleton remain attach-
ed by their sutures, except the temporal bone of one side,
and were in a better state of preservation than any other
part. And, what is very remarkable, the turbinated or
spongy bones of the nose are nearly perfect. It would
seem that, notwithstanding the extreme thinness of these
bones, in this instance, they have withstood the effects and
operations of all the decomposing agents to which they
have been exposed during many centuries.
In the upper vault was found one skeleton, but the bones
were in such a state of decay that they could not be taken
out without being broken into small pieces, so that not more
than a hat crown full of them were preserved. The teeth,
a full set, (32,) were all sound. But the cranium broke into
small pieces, the largest not more than two inches square.
With this skeleton were found a great number of orna-
ments. There were seventeen hundred ivory beads, five
hundred small sea shells of the genus voluta, which had
been strung as beads, all in a tolerable state of preserva-
tion; and sixty-six pieces of mica, called by the people
Isinglass, mostly perforated with four holes in each piece,
apparently for the purpose of being suspended with strings
for ornamenting the person of him with whom they were
buried. This individual had also fivecopper bracelets around
his wrists-three around one wrist, and two around the other.
These bracelets were composed of rude large oval rings of
copper. There were three nearly the thickness of a com-
mon writing quill around one wrist, and the two that were
around the other wrist were much thicker. They may
have been made of native copper, but I think it more than
probable that they were made of copper wrought into round
pieces, and bent round and sprung together, but not soldered.
One had some large flaws at one end of it. These oval
rings or bracelets were much oxidated or rusted, that is,
there was considerable of what I would consider the green
carbonate of copper enveloping them. Two which were
nearest the hand at this time present a perfect impression,
in the oxide now on them, of the lines in the scarfskin of
the upper part of the palm of the hand next to the wrist.
From which it appears that, before the decomposition of the
individual, the oxide had formed and embedded itself into
the lines of the skin of the hand, and that afterwards the
hand and skin and all the soft parts had decayed away,
and left the impression remaining.
SThis skeleton was found in a position which induced
the gentlemen opening the vault to think it had been
placed there in a standing position, and had fallen over at
a subsequent period, and before the falling in of the earth
to fill up the vault. It was found lying towards one side,
partly east and west, with the head to the west.
With this skeleton was found a small thin flat stone of
common fine gray sandstone. This stone has some hiero-
glyphics engraved upon it. The following is a fac simile
of the inscription on the stone, as well as a correct
representation of the size and shape of the stone itself, the
outside circle being drawn around the stone while held on
This inscription of hieroglyphics and the copper brace-
lets go to show a considerable advancement in the progress
of society from that of the period when the chief and his
wife were buried in the lower vault of this mound.
The mound appears to have been erected by carrying
earth from the surrounding plain, and piling it up over the
vaults, and is evidently composed of the black mould or
black soil and yellow clay from beneath it; and it looks as
though it may have been carried in baskets or skins hold-
ing about a cubic foot. Where the sides of the drift have
been trimmed tolerably smooth by the spade, the lines of
black mould and yellow clay and sand are very visible, and
give its surface the appearance shown by painters and en-
gravers in the representation of the ocean after a storm.
In Priest's American Antiquities, page 184, the author
says, in speaking of this mound--' This lofty and venera-
ble tumulus has been so far opened as to ascertain that it
contains many thousands of human skeletons, but no fur-
ther." Albany edition, 1834.
Some few skeletons, or parts of human skeletons, were
found near the surface, but I am of opinion the number of
interments about the surface were very few. From the
closest scrutiny Mr. Mathers and myself were able to
make, we could discover no traces of human bones. Mr.
Tomlinson and others at first seemed to think that the
lines and layers of black mould were decomposed human
bodies; but, after the closest and most careful examinations
that we could make, we came to a different conclusion.
None of those layers are of the proper length and shape to
have been so formed. But, besides this, had the mound
been composed of decomposed human bodies, some of the
bones would be found in such a state of preservation as to
enable one to identify them. More especially, as the skel-
,etons in the vaults in the centre and bottom of the mound
afford the most unequivocal proof that they must have been
placed there at least as early as any others, and remain suf-
ficiently sound to enable any person to see that they are in
reality human bones. But, in addition to this, human teeth
appear to be almost indestructible, particularly the enamel
covering the crowns of the teeth; and yet, in excavating
two drifts to the centre of the mound, one near the bot-
tom, and the other about half way up, together with a per-
pendicular shaft from the top to the bottom, ten feet in di-
ameter, no human teeth were found except those belonging
to the skeletons mentioned. From this I think it pretty
evident that no other human beings than those in the
vaults were buried in this mound during its erection, and
that those found near the surface have been placed there
by our modern Indians. From what source Mr. Priest
obtained his authority for saying this tumulus contains
thousands of human skeletons, I know not; but, from
whatever source, it is entirely erroneous. In all the digging
as yet about the surface, there have not been half a dozen
skeletons found, and they not more than four feet be-
low the surface, and all in a higher state of preservation
than the skeletons in the vaults, although much more ex-
posed to the action of decomposing agents; clearly show-
ing that the period of their interment has not been very re-
mote. Had the layers of black mould been produced from
this cause, every one of them would contain human teeth,
or at least the enamel and part of the crown; but no such
thing has been discovered. But the few skeletons found
near the surface were about as deep as our modern Indians
are in the practice of burying their dead-that is, from two
to four feet beneath the surface. I think it much more
probable that all the skeletons found near the surface were
those of the modern Indians. This opinion is confirmed
by the absence of all appearance of bones any where
in the interior, except in the vaults. It is true that the
workmen found, occasionally, minute pieces of something
that was conjectured to be bone; but they were so few in
nnimher anl on smail that thov mrr csa sidl to hr nm han
summer (1838) by the engineers of the Marietta and Wells-
ville Turnpike. This measurement, as given to me by
him, is, diameter at the base 295 feet, diameter at the top
60 feet, and 69 feet in perpendicular height. It is there-
fore the frustrum of a cone, containing about one million
nine hundred and fifty-six thousand eight hundred and
one cubic feet of earth, or seventy-two thousand four hun-
dred and sixty-three cubic yards, as its solid contents.
It is not very probable that, at the ancient period at
which this mound was erected, when the inhabitants had
no tools or implements for digging other than perhaps
wooden paddles and baskets of skin or sticks for carrying,
one man could dry and carry and deposit upon the
mound more than twenty-seven loads of one cubic foot
each day-that is, one cubic yard. Taking this, then, as
the data from which to make estimates, let us see how
many men would be required to build it in a year.
Suppose the community that erected it had determined to
do it in two years, employing themselves only half the time,
or during the summer of each year, one hundred and nine-
ty-eight or nine men would be all that would be necessary
to be employed. But suppose they had determined to build
it in three months, four times that number, or less than
eight hundred, would be sufficient.
From these considerations, large as this mound seems to
be, if the population were great, it could have been readily
accomplished, and leave an ample number unengaged to
furnish those employed with the necessary quantity of food.
The population of many of the Indian nations, since the
discovery of America by Columbus, was adequate to the
performance of this apparently great work, even in a short-
er period than three months. How much will a modern
army of 10,000 men do in the construction of ditches, em-
bankments, fortifications, &c. even in a single night ?
At what period of the world was this mound erected?
This mound, when first visited by the white people, was,
like every other mound in this as well as in the old world,
covered with a growth of timber, as dense and of as large
a size as that on the surrounding plains or hills. When
the writer of this article first visited it in 1811, there stood
on the top and near the southwest part of the edge of the
flat surface at top a white oak, about four feet in diameter,
which, from its appearance, could not be much less than
seven hundred years old. The probability is, that this tree
did not begin itsgrowth within the first hundred years after
the completion of the mound. This tree, then, furnishes
pretty certain evidence that the mound was finished seven
or eight hundred years ago. This oak tree has since 1811
become dead and fallen down. There is, however, yet a
very handsome growth of smaller timber on the mound,
which the proprietors intend to preserve as much as possi-
ble, and to which they talk of adding some evergreens for
the purpose of greater ornament.
There are circumstances which go to show that the pe-
tiod of the world at which this gigantic monument was
erected was very remote, perhaps more than four thousand
years before the flood. On this subject I shall make a
quotation from Dr. DODDRIDGE:
The great antiquity of the monuments in question may be
ascertained from many facts, which cannot fail to strike the
notice of an attentive observer of the relics of antiquity. In
America, as far as known, none of the larger mounds are found
on the first or lower bottom of our rivers, but always on the
second or higher alluvion. None of them are to be seen on
those tracts of country which were the beds of lakes or inland
seas. In the great oriental plains of Tartary, a great part of
which was formerly covered by the waters of the Black and
Caspian seas, and those of these of Azof, but which has been
drained off by the breaking down of the Thracian Bosphorus,
which formed the canal of Constantinople, none have ever been
found ; but they are found in abundance along the higher grounds
of the southern and western shores of these seas, and in the
neighborhood of Crim Tartary. The gain of the land upon the
waters of our globe has been immensely great; but this gain
has been but slowly made. The very sites of these ancient
tombs give a very remote antiquity for the period of their erec-
tion. Their situations, mainly along the large rivers and the
shores of lakes, announce the primeval state of the nations that
erected them. .As the spoils of the water are more easily ob-
tained than those of the forest, and these last more easily than
the products of the earth, we should suppose the first employ-
ment of man, in the attainment of food, beyond that of the tnere
fruit, must have been that of fishing, and his first animal food
the productions of the water.
These mounds are not found in any great numbers along
the shores of the main ocean. This circumstance goes to show
that those by whom they were made were not in the practice of
navigating the great seas.. That their existence is of higher
antiquity than the period of history, is evident from the fact that
none of them contain a single inscription of any kind. Even
.the famous pyramids of Egypt do not contain a single letter or
hieroglyphic of any kind to announce the time when, or the per-
sons by whom, they-were erected. Had letters been used at
the time of the building of these stupendous repositories of de-
parted grandeur, they would doubtless have been used to an-
nounce the name and honor of those who erected them, for se-
pulchral and imperishable monuments of their own power,
wealth, and majesty."
At the time Dr. DODDRIDGE published his note, it would
seem, no inscription had been found. But the inscription
found in the upper vault shows that at the time it was con-
structed the inhabitants had some kind of letters, and that
somewhat of a different state of society must have existed
from that of the interment in the lower vault.
"Another evidence of the great age of these rude remains of
antiquity is this: at the earliest period of Grecian history, they
were supposed, but only supposed, to be the graves of giants.
After what lapse of time does tradition degenerate into fable ?
At what period of time does fable itself wear out, and consign
all antiquity to a total and acknowledged oblivion ? All this has
happened with regard to the antiquities under consideration.
Hence any attempt to arrive at any definite period or precise
number of years since the construction of this mound must ne-
cessarily be fruitless.
After having contemplated the melancholy monuments of
the ancient dead which our country presents, we may learn
that the generations of remote antiquity of this Continent, as
well as any other part of the world, were every where the same
in their reverence for the dead, whose monuments constitute
almost the only history they have left behind them. *
A .veneration for antiquity seems to he natural to man;
hence we consider as barbarous those who demolish the relics
of antiquity. We justly blame the Turks for burning the
fine marble columns of ancient Greece into lime. But do
we display a more just taste with regard to the only relics with
which our country is honored? When these relics shall have
disappeared, and nothing but their history shall remain, will not
future generations pronounce us barbarous for demolishing
them? Those venerable sepulchral monuments ought to be re-
ligiously preserved, and even planted with evergreens. They
would figure well in our grave-yards, public squares, and pub-
lic walks; but what is likely to be their fate? If in fields, for
the sake of a few additional ears of corn or sheaves of wheat,
they are ploughed down. If within the limits of a town, (as in
Chillicothe,) they are demolished to afford a site for a house or
a garden, or to fill up some sunken spot, while the walls which
enclose the town or fort of the ancients is made into brick Such
is man Such are the enlightened Americans !"
A different and a better feeling seems to occupy the
breast of Mr. Jesse Tomlinson, the proprietor of the large
mound at Grave creek. He has always expressed the de-
termination that the exterior of this mound should not be
defaced or altered. And hence he has uniformly refused
to permit it to be dug down or even opened, for which he
has been frequently importuned. But, finding that age
was increasing on him, and that the mound would proba-
bly be opened after his death, if not done in his lifetime, he
came to the conclusion to let it be done during his life, so
that he could have the interior examined, without in any
way injuring or changing the external appearance which
the mound now presents.
The plan is, to wall the shaft and drifts, and on the top,
over the shaft, to erect a neat, tasteful summer-house,
three-stories high. This arrangement will enable visitors
at all times to explore the interior of the mound, as well as
to view its exterior, and likewise view, in appropriate cases
constructed for the purpose, within the building, on the top
of the mound, all the relics found within the vaults.
THOMAS H. HAGNER,
A TTORNE Y A T LA W, TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA.
Business in the Territory of Florida entrusted to his care
will be promptly and strictly attended to.
Reverdy Johnson, Esq. Baltimore.
Shepherd C. Leakin, Esq. do.
Messrs. Wm. Davidson & Son, Philadelphia.
Caleb Cope & Co. do.
Thomas Elmes & Son do.
Siter, Price & Co. do.
Benj. F. Butler, Esq. District Attorney, New York.
Hon. Garrett D. Wall, New Jersey.
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW.
MPORTANT CASE.-The following case being the
subject of much inquiry, and important rights and principles
being involved therein, it is given to the Public
Charles F. Sibbzld,
The United States of America.
This case embraces and traverses two distinct grounds : The
one an action brought against the United States to recover and
establish a title to 16,000 acres of land in the Territory of Flo-
rida, held under a grant derived from the Government of Spain,
and on which a final decision was made against the United
States in the Supreme Court, which tribunal, at its sessions in
Washington city, in January term of 1836 and 1838, confirmed
the entire rights of the claimant for 16,000 acres ofland, in de-
tached parcels, and directed patents to be issued therefor.-10th
Peters, page 321-12th Peters, page 488. The other is for in-
demnity for injuries and losses sustained by the claimant, caus-
ed by the interference of the United States with the ownership
and occupation of the lands comprehended in this grant from
Spain, for the destruction of the mills of the claimant, the losses
in preventing their operation for several years; also, for the
prostration of his entire business, whereom several hundred
thousand dollars became involved, including contracts for the
live oak frames of several ships of the line, frigates, and sloops
of war; and for other losses on vessels and merchandise, toge-
ther with losses on other business operations, caused by the ac-
tion of the Government.
The claimant, a native of Philadelphia, had removed to Eist
Florida about the year 1806, when it was a colony attached to
the Crown of Spain, and where lie was domiciled as a merchant
when Spain by treaty ceded Florida to the United States. The
Supreme Court has decided that this treaty, in its provisions on
the subject, protected and guar.ntied the instant recognition of
the title to the land in question, which the claimant had improv-
ed at immense cost, in the erection of several Saw Mills, and as
especially required of him to do by the conditions of the land
grant from Spain. The United States, on receiving possession
of Florida, under a misconception of the rights of the claimant
and the obligations ofthe treaty with Spain, legislated for seve-
ral years to deny the ownership of the land rights constituted
under this grant from the Spanish Crown; and.in this state of
things the claimant removed, and returned to his native city of
Philadelphia, in the year 1823, and abandoned thereby exten-
The claimant, in 1827, established in mercantile pursuits in
the city of Philadelphia, from legal opinions and advice deter-
mined again to follow up the conditions and stipulations of his
grant from Spain, in the erection of Steam Mills on his Florida
property ; and in these views, and to benefit by his mercantile
knowledge, gained in fifteen years' residence in Florida, form-
od arrangements with a number of commercial h,)uses of the
highest standing and respectability in this country to carry into
execution a plan of business, based on the ownership of this
Having on one of his tracts a most desirable situation, imme-
diately on the river St. John's, quite near to the sea, which ves-
sels of large burden could approach, there he fixed his business
location, whilst his owp commercial domicil still existed in Phila-
delphia. Several steam saw-mills. were erected, from the in-
ducement of the land affording the most superior quality of yel-
low pine timber. One of these mills worked forty-eight saws.
His lands also affording live oak and red cedar timber, contracts
were made to the extent of several hundred thousand dollars for
live oak frames, to be cut by axcs independent of the mill oper-
ations, and corresponding bonds for the execution of which
were.given. Ship-building was common ed on the premises,
to carry which into effect a draughting loft was prepared, an emi-
nent ship-builder engaged and sent out, together with ship-car-
penters, both from Philadelphia and New York. Under a spe-
cial inducement of the Florida treaty, a business under the
Spanish flag was commenced, by shipping flour sent out
from Philadelphia to go to Cuba. A store business was estab-
lished, and the rights for Woodworth's planing machines were
obtained. A number of vessels were chartered and several pur-
chased to carry on these undertakings.
Such was the business which, after being carried into effect,
was prostrated by the interference of the United States, tihe
officers of a which, by the immediate orders of the Government,
as exhibited by them for their own justification, prohibited the
entire use, enjoyment, benefit, or control of the lands that the
claimant had possessed, as proved, under a valid title from
Spain, for twelve years previous to the interference, and after
he had erected mills at a cost exceeding a hundred thousand
dollars. It will be sufficient to exhibit the following evidence
of the officers of the United States. The District Attorney of
East Florida says in his deposition, printed documents, page
178. That, by instru tions received by him from George
Graham, Esq. Commissioner of the General Land Office,
bearing date August the 14th, 1828, a copy of which is en-
closed, it will appear that all lands claimed under Spanish
grants remaining unconfirmed were considered public lauds,
and treated accordingly ; and, by an advertisement produced,
Sit appears that he, the said District Attorney, gave public
notice' that he had received instructions to preventand pun-
ish the cutting of valuable timber, and these instructions ex-
tended not only to live oak and cedar timber, but to timberof
every description, taken from the public land for the purpose
of shipping, for the use of saw mills," &c.
The Collector of the Customs at St. Augustine notified the
claimant thus : I am expressly directed by theSecretary of-
the Treasury to seize al! timber cut upon these lands; tlhe
Government consider all lands in Florida, the claims for
which have not been confirmed, as public lands." (See his let-
ter, printed documents, page 23.) The Government agent,
appointed by the Navy Department, stopped the cutting of
pine timber to supply the saw mills," says the agent of the
claimant, page 16; he threatened me with an injunction,'
Arrestt' and 'imprisonment,' and to bring a detachment of
6" troops fromS'. Augustine to put me in the Fort."
Nineteen witnesses have been examined in the case; their
depositions on interrogatories at great length on the part of the
United States, and of the claimant, can be referred to, and will
exhibit the measures adopted by the various officers of the Go-
vernment in dispossessing the claimant of his property.
These officers of the United States, under the menace of
military forces,' "seizure of vessels," "arrest," "imprison-
ment," prosecution," fine and injunctions," prevented the
cutting of the pine timber wherewith to supply his saw mills,
or live oak to execute his contracts-his lands claimed and or-
dered to be considered as public lands, part of them given as
donations as public lands, and surveyed as public lands. The
operation of measures so destructive to his credit and mercan-
tile standing needs no explanation ; his business was pr -strated ;
his expenditures were wasted; every plan of business began or
contemplated subverted and destroyed; his profits lost; his
mills and other buildings "dilapidated, rusted out, and have
fallen down," and the claimant left to suffer under the effects
of these deep injuries, and under an invasion of private riglits
which, in its results, has no parallel. Immediately on the con-
firmation o' the titles of the claimants by the Supreme Court,
a petition was sul,mitted to Congress asking indemnity ; and the
investigation of facts then adduced caused a resolution of that
body authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to take evidence
in the case.
In compliance with this resolution of Congress, the witnesses
were examined (including several officers of the Government)
by the District Attorneys in Philadelphia, Washington City,
Florida, and by the Consul of the United States at the Havana.
Much documentary evidence was also added to the depositions
of the witnesses, comprising, in all, perhaps a thousand pages;
when, from the voluminous mass of testimony, it was deemed
advisable by Congress to submit it to the Solicitor and Comp-
trollers of the Treasury, to make a report of the facts prepara-
tory to the action ofCongress; and on the 3d of March last, the
day previous to the adjournment, the documents were returned
to that body, to await their action on the same at the approach-
ing session. The evidence exhibits a correspo-dence with num-
bers of the most prominent officers of the Government, and re-
monstrances, made under legal advice, to different Secretaries
of the Treasury, the Attorney General of the United States, the
Secretary of the Navy, and other officers, protesting against
those illegal proceedings adopted against the rights of the claim-
ant, and of the consequences that would result in the matter.
Upon this state of facts, which the depositions of witnesses
make clear, beyond the possibility of controversy, and the ac-
curacy of which may be tested by an examination of the docu-
ments that have been made public, no one can fail to perceive
the justice of the claim, and that every principle governing the
intercourse and contracts between individuals is applicable to it.
Nor is it, in po:nt of law, less clear than upon its equitable me-
rits. By the orders of the Government, the land of the claim-
ant was treated as public property, and an agent appointed to
prevent the exercise of any acts of ownership over it; under
this authority, the officer comes upon the lands, denounces the
occupiers as intruders- upon the public domain, and compels
them (as it is sworn to by every witness of the point) by threats,
which have been mentioned, to leave in his charge the now ad--
mitted property of the claimant. A trespass of the most aggra-
vated character is committed by the authorized agentofthe Go-
vernment specially delegated for the performance of the duty ;
under misapprehension of facts, ruinous consequences flow na-
turally and immediately from it. This officer, and others who
have acted- in the matter, would undoubtedly be held per-
sonally responsible, to the utmost farthing, and, after a recovery
against them, the United States would be compelled to come to
their rescue ; but so dilatory and indirect a proceeding is un-
necessary, for every guide which we derive from general prin-
ciples of justice and of law entitles us to look to the principal,
of whom the trespasser was the mere representative, for such
reparation to the party to whom the injury has been done.
This would be the admitted rule as between individuals, and
should certainly be applied with as much, if not more sternness,
in a difference between the Government and one of her injured
citizens. But not only was the act of trespass committed after
..... .R^ ,not,;o frnm the claimant. as has been specified. but in
the privation of such profits as be may have reasonably made
during the period while the estate was out of his possession.
No man is permitted to speculate upon another, and no po si-
ble or probable gains can therefore form the bass of a recovery
at law; but, as has been held by great judges in this country
and in England, it is the duty of the defendant in every contro-
versy, similarly situated, to compensate the injured party for
whatever loss or damage immediately or naturally results from
the wrong complained of; and to this principle, susceptible of
proof, as well by legal decision as by just principle, every item
of the claimant's demand must be referred; and while, there-
fore, the first branch of direct loss is clear, the second may, in
some respect, be derived from it; for if, at the time the injury
was committed, the profits arising from the estate taken can be
estimated, (as has been done in this case,) it will form a just
mode of calculating the damages sustained.
Some of the witnesses, with this view of the law, and in reply
to an interrogatory on the part of the United States, summed up
the losses, and gave nearly a million of dollars to the claimant,
being the actual cost of his mills and other property destroyed;
and the actual ascertained profits of the mills his contracts and
other business pursuits, prostrated by the action of the Govern-
The opinions of gentlemen of the highest standing, Judge
Berrien, the Hon. George M. Dallas, and others, have been
taken, and they all concur in the conclusions which have been
thus briefly expressed.
Should any one desire to investigate this branch of the subject
with more care, they are referred to Peters's Reports, 6th vol.
pages 691 to 760; vol. 2d, p. 314; vol. 9th, p. 133; vol. 12th,
p. 439; and Harrington's Reports, page 397. june 29-1t
rpIHOS. TASKER GANTT, Attorney at Law
I and Solicitor in Chancery, St. Louis, Missouri, of-
fers his professional services to the Public in St. Louis, and the
adjacent counties of Missouri and Illinois.
Hon. Samuel Sprigg Bladensburg, Md.
John Stephens )
Daniel Jenifer, Charles co. Md.
Wm. D. Merrick, Allen's Fresh, Md.
F. S. Key, Esq. Washington.
Wm. Prout, Esq.
Reverdy Johnson, Esq..
Messrs. W: E. Mayhew & Co. I
S. L. Fowler & Co. Baltimore, Md.
Geo. R. Gaither & Co. I
Harrison & Co. J
Atwood & Co.
Dale, Remington, & Ross Philadelphia.
Greenway, Henry & Co. New York
Doremus, Suydams & Nixon w
I 1AKE NOTICE. -The undersigned, having rented Mr.
Charles B. Calvert's Mill, in Bladensburg, inform the
farmers of Prince George's county that they will always be pre-
pared to purchase wheat at the fair market price in cash, deli-
vered at the Mill.
june 10-tf GEO. W. TAYLOR & CO.
In EDICAL COLLEGE, In Richmond, Virginia.
I- The next Winter Term of Lectures in the Medical De-
partment of Hampden Sydney College, at Richmond, will com-
mence on Monday, October 21, 1839, and continue until the
last of February following.
AUGUSTUS L. WARNER, M.D., Professor of Surgery and Sur-
gical Anatomy. c,
JOHN CULLEN, M.D., Professor of the Theoryand Practice of
THOMAS JOHNSON, M.D., Professor of Anatomy and Physi-
L. W. CHAMBERLAYNE, M. D., Professor of Materia Medica
R. L. BOHANNAN, M. D., Professor of Obstetri:s and the Dis-
eases of Women and Children.
SOCRATES MAUPIN, M. D., Professor of Chemistry and
The College Infirmary, attached to the College Building,
has been in successful operation for the last eight months, and
furnishes constantly a number of interesting Medical and Sur-
gical cases, to which the Student has access at all hours.
The College Infirmary, together with the Alms House, Peni-
tentiary, and Armory, (which are all under the charge of two of
the Professors,) will afford the student an opportunity of wit-.
nessing the various diseases incident to a Southern climate.
The abundance of materials for Anatomical purposes, and the
reduced price at which they are furnished, will enable the stu-
dent to acquire an intimate knowledge of the anatomy of the
human body, and the use of Surgical instruments.
During the last Winter Course of Lectures, from the number
of Surgical cases admitted into the Infirmary, the Professor of
Surgery was enabled to exhibit before the class nearly all the
important Surgical operations upon the living subject; and,
from the growing popularity of the Infirmary, there is reason to
believe that hereafter the Surgical cases in the house will greatly
Good Boarding, including fuel, lights, servant's attendance,
&c. can be obtained in this city for 84 per week.
We are authorized to state that a full Course of Lectures in
this Institution will be received as equivalent to one in the fol-
lowing Medical Schools: University of Penns-ylvania, Jefferson
Medical College of Philadelphia, Medical Callege of the State
of South Carolina, Transylvania University, Lexington, Ky. i
University of Maryland, &c.
The Professor of Anatomy will open the Dissecting rooms of
the College -on the first of October.
AUG'S L. WARNER, M. D.
Dean of the Medical Faculty.
RICHM ND, MAY 17, 1839. may 23--cp6mn
W ASHINGTON ACADEMY, Wesimoreland
cuuty, Virginia.-This institution will be re-open-
ed on the 15th of July next, under the care of Mr. WILLIAM
STEVENS, as Principal, with such assistants as may be necessa-
ry. The Trustees have exerted themselves to procure teachers
viorthy of public patronage. Mr. STEVENS is a married gentle-
man, about fifty years of age, and makes the profession of teach-
ing the business of his life. He takes charge of the Academy
with the intention of making it a permanent residence. Confi-
dent in his own attainments, dependent upon his own merits,
and with every motive for a faithful discharge of his duties, it is
believed the Washington Academy, under the care ofMr. STE-
VENS, will offer advantages to boys equal to any other in the
State. Boarders will reside in the family of the Principal, be-
come members of it, and be treated with parental care.
The course of studies will embrace the classics, and the va-
rious branches ofa complete English education,with the French,
Spanish, and Italian languages, which pupils will be taught to
write and speak, as well as read.
Classical, Mathemitical, and the higher branches of English
studies, per session, $20 00
Junior English students, per session, 10 00
Modern languages, each, do. 10 00
Boarding, per session, each boarder finding his own
bed, candles, &c. 45 00
If bed, candles, &c. are furnished, per session, 3 00
House-rent, per session, 2 50
All payable in advance to the Principal, who is required to
enforce this rule in every case.
Parents or guardians intending to send their children or wards
to the Academy will inform the Principal, by letter, directed
" Oak Grove, Westmoreland."
By order of the Board of Trustees.
HENRY TAYLOR, President.
N. B. The regular session commences on the 15th of July,
but the Academy is now open, and will continue, without any
summer vacation, under the care of Mr. STEVENS.
ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.-Ran
away, on the llth May last, my negro man MOSES. He
is about 25 years of age, dark completed, active, and well-
formed, and is supposed to be about six feet high; has a small
scar on one side of his face, near the ear, occasioned from a
burn when he was small. He was hired to Mr. Sheckelford, in
Charlotte Hall, Saint Mary's county, Maryland, whom he left.
A few days previous to his departure he was whipped, by order
of a justice of the peace, for stealing, and it is supposed it indu-
ced him to run away, being ashamed to see his mistress again.
He was seen in Prince George's county, near the District, a
few days before Whitsuntide, and perhaps may be now in Wash-
ington, unless he has made his way for a free State.
I will give the above reward, if taken out of the District or
State of Maryland, and fifty dollars-if taken in the District or
State of Maryland. In either case he must be secured so that
I get him again.
Any communication relative to him must be addressed to me,
near Georgetown, D. C. or to Harrison Posey, near Charlotte
Hall, Saint Mary's county, Maryland.
Montgomery county, Md.
NE HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.-Ran
away from the subscriber, living in Bryan Town, Charles
county, Maryland, on the 16th of April last, negro man DAVY,
calls himself Davy Gardiner; he is about 5 feet 10 inches
high, and aged 35 yeats ; he is a very genteel negro, of easy and
polite manners. He has a scar or scars on his breast, the flesh
a little raised, and perhaps some on his shoulder; he took with
him a variety of clothing which I cannot describe. Davy is a
good carriage driver and ostler, and may try and get employ-
ment in that way. As he went away without any provocation,
it is likely he may try and get to some free State.
I will give fifty dollars for him if taken in the State of Mary-
LLINOIS LAND AND GENERAL AGENCY.
MOORE, MORTON & CO. continue the agency office of
John Tillson, jr. and Tillson, Moore & Co. at Quincy, Adams
county, Illinois. They offer their services to the Public in the
transaction of any business connected with lands in Illinois, such
as paying taxes, recording title papers, redeeming lands sold at
tax sales, buying and selling on commission, investigating titles,
&c. Long experience and the various sources of information
which have been accumulating in their office since the first or-
ganization of the State Government, afford them every requisite
facility to execute orders accurately and without delay.
They also attend to the collection of notes and merchants'
accounts: their business connexions in the Eastern cities will
enable them to remit promptly and on favorable terms.
FRANCIS C. MOORE,
SETH C. SHERMAN.
John Tillson, jr. Agent of the Illinois Land Company, Quin-
Hon. Nehemiah Eastman, Farmington, N. H.
Dr. Benjamin Shurtleff, Boston, Massachusetts.
Josiah Marshall, Esq. do do
Southworth Shaw, jr. Esq. do do
Joseph D. Beers, Esq. New York city.
Moses Allen, Esq. do
Messrs. Nevins & Townsend, do
Stephen B. Munn, Esq. do
Samuel Wiggins, Esq. Cincinnati, Ohio.
Messrs. J. & J. Townsend, Albany, New York.
George B. Holmes, Esq. Providence, Rhode Island.
Hezekiah H. Reed, Esq. Montpelier, Vermont.
Nathan B. Haswell, Esq. Burlington, Vermont.
Arneas Morison, Esq. New Haven, Connecticut.
Romulus Riggs, Esq. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Lemuel Lamb, Esq. do do
Samuel Harden, Esq. Baltimore, Maryland.
Messrs. Tiffany, Duvall& Co. do do
Messrs. S. L. Fowler & Brothers, do
Richard Smith, Esq. Raleigh, North Carolina.
Messrs. J. B. Danforth & Co. Louisville, Kentucky.
Wilson P. Hunt, Esq. St. Louis, Missouri.
Messrs. Van Phul & McGill do do
Messrs. C. J. Fowler & Co. Washington City.
His Excellency Thomas Carlin, Governor of the State of
John D. Whitesides, Esq. Treasurer of the State of Illinois,
Levi Davis, Esq. Auditor of the Public Accounts, Springfield,
Hon. Richard M. Young, United States Senator, Quincy,
Thomas Mather, Esq. President of the State Bank of Illi-
nois, Springfield. ap 16-cp6m
SHERM 4N & CHAMBERS,
Attorneys at Law,
CHARLES E. SHERMAN.
JOHN A. CHAMBERS. mar26-cply
CHOICE AND VALUABLE REAL ESTATE
FOR SALE.-The subscriber offers at private sale
the very desirable property hereinafter mentioned, and will
receive proposals for the same, or either of the portions-thereof,
until the 20th day of July next. Meanwhile those disposed to
purchase will have an opportunity to make the necessary ex-
aminations, and, for which purpose, on application, due infor-
mation and facilities will be given.
Such part as may not then be sold or otherwise disposed of,
will be offered at public auction, at such time and place as will
then be designated by public notice.
Description of the Property.
No. 1. A small compact farm, beautifully situated, containing
110 to 120 acres, now occul ied by Mr. David Shoemaker. It
is about half mile beyond Tenallytown, fronting on the River
road from that place, and adjoining the farm of Mr. Samuel
Shoemaker. The land lies gently undulating, beyond a level;
is well watered; its soil, originally good and rich, has been
preserved by careful use and culture. About one-third is in a
fine body of wood and timber, adjacent to the road. The resi-
due, which is arable, is generally in fine order and cultivation.
No. 2. Another small farm adjoining, similarly situated, ex-
cept that it is off from the public road, but.easy of access there-
to; containing 110 to 120 acres, now occupied by Mr. Isaac
This land, also, like No. 1, lies gently undulating, but with
bolder swell; is well watered; and its soil, originally good and
rich, has also been carefully preserved. About one-half, say
50 to 60 acres, is in fine wood and timber. And the residue,
which is arable, is generally in fine order and cultivation.
As regards locality, soil, salubrity, &c. few situations can be
found, for small farms, more eligible than Nos. land 2. Those,
however, desirous to purchase, will examine for themselves.
If the size and extent be less than might be desired by some,
the two would unite well together.
No. 3. Dalecarl a, late the residence of Clement Smith, and
now occupied by his family, containing about 300 acres
It is about 3J miles from Georgetown, lies opposite the Little
Falls of Potomac, and borders on the Chesapeake and Ohio
canal; and by which it is approachable as well as by the public
road. The land lies boldly undulating; is well watered, and the
soil generally good and fertile. About one-third of it is in fine
wood and timber, occupying its entire eastern margin. The
other two thirds are arable, and the greater part of it in good
tilth, and in fine order and cultivation.
The improvements are, a good convenient brick dwelling,
rough-cast, with stone barn, stables, and all convenient out-
buildings, and a fine young orchard of fruit trees.
The romantic scenery and prospects of this farm, and its great
natural advantages, render it not only a delightful, but an advan-
tageous country residence.
No. 4. A valuable site for a mill or for a manufactory, at the
junction of the Falls branch with the Chesapeake and Ohio ca-
nal, adjoining farm No. 3.
The stream. is lively, steady, and of ample power. The fall
from the race to the canal is near 90 feet, thus furnishing the
advantage, by successive gradations, for a repetition of its use
in manufacturing some five or six times. The sites for such es-
tablishments and buildings abound with the materials for their
construction, in extensive quarries of stone ofchoice quality.
Some ten to fifteen acres of land, convenient for the purpose,
are attached to the site.
Having reference to its locality and to its power, which may be
applied to such diversified uses for manufacturing purposes, few
situations can be found for an extensive establishment of that
kind more eligible.
No. 5. Consists of three valuable quarries of building stone,
fronting upon the canal, considered amongst the best brought
to this market. Their respective fronts upon the canal will be
about 200 feet each, and extend back about 100 feet.
No. 6. A farm, lying between the Fredericktown Turnpike
a'nd the River Road, now occupied by Mr. Greenfield, and esti-
mated to contain near 100 acres.
It is about half a mile beyond Tenallytown ; its southern
boundary is the District line, being in Montgomery county,
The land, originally good, has been long in culture, and
much worn. It is, however, handsomely situated, is of good
heart and foundation, is capable of improvement, and of becom-
ing, with good management, of much real value.
No. 7. A lot on the Fredericktown Turnpike, nearly adja-
cent to Tenallytown, and contains about 60 to 70 acres.
No. 8. A lot, situated between the estate of Col. Pyle, (late
Mr. George French's) and the lot of Wm. Becraft, fronting on
the Predericktown Turnpike about 1,200 feet, and lies nearly
adjacent tothe Heights of Georgetown. The greater part of
the land is nearly level. It is covered wi'h wood, mostly of
young growth, consisting of white and black oak and black
jack. There are about 70 acres; but, if desirable to purchas-
ers, will be subdivided into two or three lots, each having a
front on the public road.
Nos 9 and 10. Two lots adjoining the western boundary line
of Georgetown, and immediately north of the grounds belong-
ing to the College. They are near the Fredericktown Turn-
pike, or High street, and very handsomely situated; Contain
about 80 to 90 acres each, the greater part of which (full three-
fourths) is i mwood and timber, some of it very fine.
No. 11 S'eea Mills.-They are about 20 miles from George-
town, near the mouth of Seneca Creek, and in the midst of a
fine grain country. The stream is powerful, constant, and stea-
dy, and competent to the performance of a large business in the
manufacture of flour, &c., the grinding of plaster, and the ad-
vantages of the saw-mill. About 50 acres of land will be sold
with the mills, if required.
No. 12. Springfield and the adjoining tracts, containing, to-
gether, about 1,200 acres. They are situated near Darnestown,
in Montgomery county, and betiveen there and the Seneca
Mills. Distant from the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal 1 mile.
About one-third is in timber. The land lies well for farming,
and the entire tract will be sold in a body, or it will be subdivid-
ed into two, three, or four farms, as may best suit the desires
Supposing that those who may incline to purchase will ex-
amine for themselves, it has been deemed inexpedient to de-
scribe the property very minutely. That part of it which is
within or near the District line is now, at this moment, under
survey by Mr. Carbery, designating the dividing lines and
boundaries, and furnishing an opportunity to such as may wish
correctly to understand them.
The greater part of the property can be delivered over in the
autumn, in time for seeding, and some of it immediately.
A proportion of the purchase money will be required in
hand. Upon the residue, a liberal credit will be allowed, the
punctual payments therefore being satisfactorily secured.
WALTER SMITH, Georgetown.
Besides the above, I will sell, at private sale, a number of
6" Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and
SATURDAY, JUNE 29, 1839.
Those of our readers wifo take as much in-
terest in such matters as we do will thank us
for copying the article on the preceding page,
which, containing an intelligent account of one
of those relics of former ages that abound in
the Western country, throws an interesting light
on their character, and furnishes much food for
conjecture as to their origin and antiquity.
A Military Court Martial, ordered in the case
of Col. J. B. BRANT, late Acting Quartermaster
of the U. S. Army at St. Louis, assembled at
that place on the 15th instant, Brig. Gen. WOOL
presiding. It is anticipated, by the Missouri
Republican, that the trial will be one of protract-
A stupendous project of internal improve-
ment is broached in the St. Louis papers; being
no less than the connexion of Boston with St.
Louis by a line of Railroads. A meeting to con-
sider the subject was to have. been held at St.
Louis on the 20th instant.
General JOHN ARMSTRONG, formerly Secretary
at War; upwards of 80 years of age, is now re-
siding with his son, near Govanstown, in Balti-
more county, within a few miles of the city of
THE MORMONS have excited a good deal of
interest in Cincinnati, where one of the sect has
been giving a history of that people, and of the
persecutions to which they have been recently
exposed in Missouri. It is stated, in the report
given in the Cincinnati News, that they were
ruthlessly driven from their homes, their property
destroyed, the women and children forced into
the woods, without shelter fiom the inclemency
of the weather of January, where they roamed
about till their feet became so sore that their ene-
mies tracked them by their foot-prints of blood.
The Mormons stated that there were instances
where men were murdered in cold blood, and
boys who had taken shelter from the fury of the
mob were dragged from their hiding places, and,
after being cruelly maltreated, deliberately shot.
In one case an old man, a soldier of the Revolu-
tion, was pursued by a mob, but, finding he could
not escape, turned and supplicated their mercy.
The reply he received was a shot from a rifle,
which wounded him mortally; he still besought
them to spare him, when one of the party pick-
ed up a scythe, or sickle, and literally hacked
him to pieces as he lay on the ground.
THOiIAS MORRIS, formerly U. S. Senator, ad-
dressed the meeting:
He said he had been in the vicinity of these transac-
tions, and had taken some pains to acquaint himself with
the facts; and, from all he could learn, the Mormons were
an industrious and harmless people; that no specific charge
had been brought against them by the Executive of Missou-
ri, but that their persecution was for no other reason than
that their religion gave offence to a mob-for causes which
may at any time induce the same persecution of any reli-
gious sect in our land. He said he believed the statements
made to be true, and that they were corroborated by those
who resided in the vicinity of their occurrence."
THE FLORIDA WAR.
FROM THE PHILADELPHIA NORTH AMERICAN.
What has become of the twenty or thirty mil-
lions expended in the Florida war ? This ques-
tion is often asked, but not so often as it should
be. Did our people see the money taken from
their pockets, they would ask the question to
some purpose. The great body of our citizens, who are
laboring to support their families, and are groaning under
the high prices of the necessaries of life, do not reflect that
they are paying a portion of their earnings to meet the
reckless expenditures of Government agents, and to fill
the pockets of greedy contractors. The revenue paid at
the Custom-house is supposed to come in some mysterious
way from the bosom of the deep, instead of being drawn
day by day from the purse of the frugal consumer. It
goes as mysteriously as it comes; and if Congress appro-
priates a few millions, we notice it as much as we should
notice the passage of an empty resolution, or the appoint-
ment of a committee.
What has become of the twenty millions? A shrewd
Yankee goes to Florida with a little steamboat which he
has bought from one of our rivers for seven thousand dol-
lars, and the U. S. Army pays him three hundred dollars
a day for the mere use of the boat, agreeing to return the
boat in as good condition as when it was taken. The boat
is employed at this rate from October to June, and at the
end of that time the owner receives from the Treasury
seventy-two thousand dollars, the boat being returned in
goof repair. During a part of this time the boat lies at a
wharf, while the captain, who was sent to return it to its
owner, is having a drunken frolic; and meanwhile the
Government is paying for it three hundred dollars a day !
In addition to this three hundred dollars, the crew must be
paid, full provided, &c. &c. The boat approaches a wood-
pile; wood must be had, and now is the time fir a fine
draught on the Treasury. Ten times the value of thewood
is a moderate charge; the money is paid, and the boat
moves on. At the same rate are other purchases made and
dlbor employed; and the patriotic dealers who thus supply
the Government are greatly saddened that the honor of
the nation should be wounded by any thing like a relin-
quishment of the Florida war.
This is not fancy;' it is history, and we have it from the
mouth of an intelligent gentleman in Florida, whose ac-
count merits the highest confidence. From the same
source we learn (what might have been well enough con-
jectured) that the movers of the excitement respecting
Gen. MACOMB'S treaty are chiefly men who furnish, di-
rectly or indirectly, the supplies of the army, and the
means of carrying on the war.
We have stated these facts as throwing light on the
question, "What has become of the twenty millions?"
That peculiar circumstances may sometimes render such
expenditures unavoidable, will not be doubted. But the
history of the Florida contracts and purchases would prob-
ably do little credit to the financial skill of the Government
agents, if such apology were offered.
A man named Mack, at Woodstock, Vermont, lately
killed 22 crows at one shot, and got kicked over in the bar-
gain. There was an explosion at both ends of the gun.
The Miner's Journal announces the discovery of amine
of Quicksilver on the north side of the Blue Mountain, by
some gentlemen of Pottsville. It is pronounced by judges
to be of an excellent quality.
DESTRUCTIVE FIhE AND Loss OF LIFE.-On the morning of
the 21st instant, between two and. three o'clock, one of the flour
inils and saw mill attached, (in the occupancy of Richard Tho-
rnas and William Penrose,) the property of Messrs. Trump &
Cary, of Newportville, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, caught
fire, and, when discovered, the buildings were so completely
FROM NEW HAVEN, (CONNECTICUT.)
JUNE 24, 1839.
Several Bishops and distinguished clergymen of the
Episcopal Church from all parts of the Union have been
holding an interesting session in this city, during the past
week, upon business connected with the Board of Foreign
Missions. Dr. STONE, of Boston, delivered an eloquent
and finished discourse, comprising much important and in-
teresting information concerning the progress and effects
of missions of every denomination of Christians, in con-
nexion .with the rise of commerce.. It is shortly to be
The venerable Col. TRUMBULL, aid-de-camp of General
WASHINGTON, and the historical painter of our country, is
now residing in this city with Professor SILLIMAN, who is
connected with his family by marriage. He some years
since presented his whole collection of paintings to Yale
College, and they are now exhibited here in a fine build-
ing, erected for their reception. I am informed that he still
spends much of his time in painting, although over eighty
years of age.
One of the finest private libraries in the country is that
belonging to ITHIEL TOWN, Esq. the celebrated architect.
He has recently erected a spacious building on a design of
his own for its reception. Mrs. SIGOURNEY has given a
description of the building and its contents in the Ladies'
The attention of the visitor to our libraries, reading-
rooms, and other places of literary resort, will be frequent-
ly attracted by the appearance of one whose modest but
thoughtful and expressive countenance, plainness of garb,
and retiring disposition mark him at once as a man whose
every thought and feeling is in a world of intellect, regard-
less of the sordid and every-day concerns around him. He
is one of the first, if not the first, of our American poets--
P.EgCIVAL-whose Coral-grove" and other pieces have
been copied into every periodical, and read and re-read by
many admiring readers both in this country and in England.
He has not written any for a long time, and will, I am
told, not even allow the publication of a new edition of his
poems. His later pursuits have been of a scientific char-
acter, having been engaged on the geological survey of the
State; adding another to the long list of those literary men
in our country who have been obliged to forsake the paths
of literature for more lucrative employment.
William Hare, John Lewis, and William P. Lockhart
were tried for murder at the late Circuit Court of the 7th
judicial district of Mississippi. The two former were sen-
tenced to execution, on the 5th proximo; the latter to pay
a fine ofa thousand dollars, to be imprisoned for one year,
and branded on the hand. The last item was carried into
effect in open Court immediately after sentence. A negro
slave, for assault with intent to kill, was also sentenced to
B. W. BENSON, Esq. Secretary of State of Mississippi,
died at Columbus, in that State, on the 1lth instant, in the
27th year of his age.
The Hon. JAMES WALKER has resigned the office of
Judge of the Third Judicial District of Mississippi.
SUDDEN DEATH.-While preparations were making on
Monday for the funeral obsequies of Mr. DAVID A. TRED-
WELL, from Coates street, Pniladelphia, above Build, his
wife, ELIZABETH TREDWELL, who was in the enjoyment of
usual health, but who had undergone great fatigue in at-
tendance upon her husband, was suddenly taken ill about
noon, and expired a little before 2 o'clock. The funeral
of Mr. T. was postponed in consequence until to-day, at
5 o'clock, at which hour both will be interred.-Phila.
The death of Mr. JACOB ELDRIDGE, of Philadelphia, an-
nounced on Tuesday, was singularly affecting. He had
just taken his Bible into his hands preparatory to family
worship, when he was called to the door by the arrival ot
his son-in-law from a journey. While holding his horse
after his son had left tne carriage, the animal took fright,
and Mr. E. was thrown down and so much injured as to
survive but four or five hours. He was a most estimable
man, and his decease will be severely felt by all who have
shared his acquaintance.-Phil. Nor..Amer.
THE FATAL RAILROAD ACCIDENT.-A passenger, who
was on board of the New York and Philadelphia railroad
cars at the time of the fatal accident on Saturday night
last, of which some mention has been made in the Phila-
delphia papers, has stated to us the following particulars:
The train was going at the time at the rate.of at least
twenty miles per hour; it was between 9 and 10 o'clock
in the evening, and three miles this side of Bristol: The
rails at this part of-the road are very badly laid, and the
spikes coming out near the end of the rails.; the end then
springs up, and forms what is called by the engineers a
snake's head, which forms one of the worst possible ob-
structions to the car wheels. Such was the case in the
The locomotive, in coming in contact with the obstruc-
tiot, was thrown off the track and upset; the two baggage
cars, which followed next, were completely crushed and -
shattered to pieces..
The forward passenger car wps run up on some of the
fragments, which caused a depression of the rear end, or
foot-board, on which Mr. James Steele, one of the passen-
gers, was standing. The foot-board of the next car caught
upon that of the foremost one, and was driven forward
with fearful impetus. Mr. Steele was thrown backwards,
and both of his legs were caught between the two cars,
and crushed and mangled in the most shocking manner.
Many of the other passengers were more or less hurt, but
none dangerously. Mr. Steele was extricated as soon as
possible, and carried on to Bristol, where three physicians
were called, but who were unable to afford him any relief.
As soon as any intelligence could reach Philadelphia, Dr.
M'Clellan was called, and, on his arriving, he found it ne-
cessary to amputate both of the legs of the suffering man.
He survived only till about 9 o'clock on Sunday evening,
which time afforded him the melancholy consolation of
bidding adieu to his wife (to whom he was recently mar-
ried) and an aged mother, the feelings of whom can be
better imagined than described. Mr. Steele was a mer-
chant of Philadelphia, and highly respected in the com-
SOur informant states that, in the opinion of the passen-
gers and citizens generally, the Railroad Company is in
the highest degree culpable for their neglect to keep the
road in proper repair, but that no blame whatever is attri-
butable to the engineers or conductors of the cars in rela-
tion to this melancholy occurrence.-N. Y. Cour. ej- Enq.
FROM THE N. Y. COURIER AND ENQUIRER.
CURE OF CLUB FOOT.-We have met two or three no-
tices of late in our exchange papers of operations which
have been successfully attempted for club foot, by the divi-
sion of the tendo achillis. This operation was first per-
formed in Hanover, by Dr. Louis STROMEYER, in 1830,
and continues to excite at the present moment great inter-
est throughout Europe. Till the successful issue of his
experiments, the club foot in adult subjects was regarded
as an incurable deformity. The cases in which it has been
cured, however, within the last few years, may be already
numbered by hundreds.
In France, the operation was first performed by Bou-
VIER, in the year 1835, and it has been repeated by him
several times. The Academy of Sciences of France
awarded to this gentleman in 1837 the second surgical
prize, (6,000 francs,) principally for his researches on the
effects of the division of the tendo achillis for the cure of
club foot. M. DUVAL, another French surgeon, in a me-
moir presented by him to the Royal Academy of Scienc( s
of France, on the 26th June, 1837, reports sixty cases of
cure of club foot, by this process, within the nine months
t previous. His youngest subject was ten months old, the
oldest sixtv-one years.
THE LATE HEZEKIAH NILES.
FROM THE DELAWARE STATE JOURNAL.
We invite special attention to the notice published in
our paper to-day by Mrs. NILES, the amiable and respecta-
ble relict 4fthe lamented individual whose name is at the
head of this article. It appeals with great force to the kind
and liberal feelings of the American Public. Mr. NILES
devoted the best years of his life to the development and
advancement of those interests which were peculiarly
American, and his labors undoubtedly contributed largely
to the prosperity of American industry in every depart-
ment, and especially of the farmer, the manufacturer, and
the mechanic. His health fell a sacrifice to the intense
application bestowed upon his labors for the public weal,
and his death has left his widow and a large and interest-
ing family of young children dependent on the sale of the
Register, of which a large quantity remains on hand. Of
the value of this work it is needless for us to speak. So
valuable do we deem it as a depository of facts, documents,
and state papers, all intimately connected with American
interests and history, that no college or learned institution,
no public or private library, should be without it. By pur-
chasing this work, therefore, those who have the means
will have an opportunity of obtaining an invaluable work,
while performing a kind and generous action.
TO THE PUBLIC.
WILMINGTON, (DEL.) JUNE 22, 1839.
The undersigned, Administratrix of the Estate of the
late HEZEKIAH NILES, former Editor of the Register, begs
leave to inform the Public that there are yet to be dispos-
ed of, on reasonable terms. a few full sets of NILES'S RE-
GISTER, from the commencement to volume fifty, inclusive,
with all the supplements and general index, all complete,
comprising a period of twenty-five years, together with a
number of sets including the second, third, and fourth se-
ries, from September, 1817, to September, 1836, with sun-
dry odd volumes to complete the sets of those who may
have been or are now subscribers to the work. She would
also beg leave to state, that, yielding to the imperious ne-
cessity which exists for so doing, she has placed all claims
due to the said deceased in the hands of PHILIP REIGART,
of the city of Baltimore, with a view of having the same
collected and closed by him., all the books of the concern
being in his possession, and to whom application can be
made for sets or parts of sets of the aforesaid work.
The undersigned hopes that she is not presuming too
much in asking the kind and liberal public press of the
United States to give the foregoing a few insertions, with
the view of aiding her to dispose of the surplus copies of
the Register, and to realize the sums due from those for
whose benefit the labors tf her late husband were so zeal
ously given, to enable her to sustain thirteen children, eight
of whom are under twelve years of age.
SALLY ANN NILES, Adm'rx.
A NOBLE DEED.
FROM THE BOSTON TRANSCRIPT OF JUNE 24.
As the steamboat Boston, one of the unemployed boats
of the Chelsea Company, was preparing to leave the end
of Long wharf, with a fishing party, this morning, the en-
gineer set the wheels in motion, when a sudden pressure
falling on the spring hawser, by which she was made fast
to the wharf, it parted, and the rope springing back, struck.
the master of the boat on the head, as he was standing on
the bow, and precipitated him into the water, head first,
The water was clear, and he was seen rising feet first,
but sank a second time, and again-rose with his feet and
head inclined down and his back towards the surface, but
he did not reach it, and was sinking a third time, when
Mr. Samuel K. Bayley, who was on board, rushed through
the crowd, and, throwing off only his hat and coat, plung-
ed into the water. He soon rose to the surface, and tak-
ing a deliberate Newfoundland-dog survey at ,the objects
beneath him, went down, and, seizing the master by the
legs, brought him nearly to the surface, when, by the ex-
ertion of great strength, he got a new hold, and contrived
to elevate the drowning man with his head up, and above
his own head, which was immersed above the eyes in the
water. At this critical moment the master made a convul-
sive movement and seized Mr. Bayley round the neck,
when they-both sank again.
Mr. B., however, succeeded in freeing himself from his
grasp, and again brought him manfully to the surface,
where he most fortunately derived temporary relief from a
plank which had been thrown out from the steamboat, and
enabled him to sustain his burden until he could reach a
boat belonging to a schooner lying at the wharf, which he
had just got hold of when the boat belonging to the steam-
er came to their rescue, and conveyed them on board.
The master was almost gone, but there being fortunately
a physician on board, he was gradually resuscitated, and
conveyed in the steamer to East Boston. Mr. Bayley was
a good deal exhausted, but recovered without assistance;
and, being supplied with a dry suit of clothes, proceeded
with the party on their excursion, as fesh as if nothing
had happened, and seeming apparently to think but lightly
of the feat he had performed, although he had undoubted-
ly saved the life of a fellow-being.
VALUABLE EMIGRANTS.-The St. Louis Bulletin states
that a company of Germans, amounting to 700, have re-
cently settled in Perry county, Mo. They are of the Lu-
theran persuasion in religion, have a library of 20,000 vo-
lumes, and intend to establish a College.
HEAVY CASTING.-The Richmond Compiler states that
on Thursday last a large shaft for a water wheel was cast
at the Foundry owned by the Tredegar Company, which
is located near the Rolling Mill. It weighed near four tons,
was 231 feet long, 17 inches centre, 9 inches journals, 12'
inches core in the centre, and 4 inches core at the jour-
nals. It was done in a most successful and perfect man-
ner. It is among the largest castings of the kind ever
made in this country, and cast to the order of the Man-
chester Cotton Manufacturing Company, who are about
to make an addition of another large factory to their esta-
PUNISHMENT FOR WHIPPING WIVES.-At a late term of
the Court of Common Pleas for Meigs county, Ohio, a
man named Thomas Vail was found guilty on an indict-
ment charging him with the crime of whipping his wife,
and sentenced to a fine of $50, and confinement in the
county jail on bread and water for ten days. For a less
offence," as the Galliopolis paper gallantly observes, John
German was sentenced at the same term of court to six
years at hard labor in the Ohio penitentiary.
NEW YORK, JUNE 26.
ATTEMPTED ESCAPE AND DEATH OF A CONVICT.-About
noon on Sunday, one of the Blackwell's island convicts, named
ISAAC STAGG, recently sentenced by the Court of Sessions for
three years, was found to be missing from his place of confine-
ment. Search was made, and he was discovered attempting to
make good his escape by swimming across the East river. He
was hailed by the sentinel on shore, to which, however, the un-
fortunate convict paid no attention, he being then nearly in the
middle of the current, and doubtless thinking his escape cer-
tain, when the former fired, and, as Stagg immediately sunk, it
is supposed that the ball must have struck his head, and caused
instant death. Nothing was afterwards seen of Lim, nor has
the body been yet recovered.
A CARD.-Dr. THOMAS S. DUCKETT respectfully of-
fers his professional services to his friends and the Pub-
lic. He can be seen on his farm, (Fair Mount,) near Good
Luck Post Office, Prince George's county, Maryland.
OX CART.-A first-rate Ox Cart for sale. Apply at the
lumber yard, corner of 12th street and Maryland Avenue,
to W. H. Gunnell. june 29-3t
SOTICE.-By virtue of an order of the Orphans' Court
1of Charles county, the undersigned will expose to public
sale on Saturday, the 20th of July next, at Pottersville, in
Charles county, a part of the personal estate of Walter Lati-
mer, deceased, consisting of the whole of the household and
kitchen furniture, forty or fifty sheep, forty barrels of Indian
corn, and several very likely negroes.
Terms of sale : For all sums under ten dollars the cash will
be required, and for all sums of ten dollars and over, a credit of
six months will be given, the purchaser to give bond, with ap-
proved security. Sale to commence at 11 o clock A. M.
PETER W. CRAIN.
A CONGRESSIONAL MANUAL.
The Hon. J. B. SUTHERLAND'S Congressional Manual
has just appeared, and may be had at the office of the
American Sentinel, Philadelphia. In his preface, the au-
thor says :
This Manual has been undertaken and executed with
the view of giving gentlemen who may not have served as
members of our National Legislature some small insight
into the mode of transacting the business of Congress, es-
pecially in the House of Representatives of the United
States. Members of the State Legislatures will also find
it serviceable in the performance of their legislative duties,
while, at the same time, it will in some measure qualify
men for a seat in the House of Representatives of the Unit-
ed States. in the event of their promotion to that distin-
guished body. Perhaps, occasionally, the old members of
Congress may find it a convenient reference. This work
contains the Declaration of Independencei the Constitution
of the United States, Rules of both Houses of Congress, and
Jefferson's Manual, besides a mass of Parliamentary deci-
sions worthy the attention of every man desirous of be-
coming acquainted with the Congressional practice of the
It has been compiled with great care by a gentleman
who has had much practice as a legislator, and whose
knowledge of the rules of order is perhaps unsurpassed by
that of any other individual in the country. The authori-
ty, therefore, is of the very highest character, and we doubt
not that several editions of this Manual will be called for.
No citizen connected with public life should be without a
ROMANCE AND REALITY.
FROM THE BOSTON GALAXY.
There are many persons of a pious turn of mind, who
strongly condemn every thing of a romantic nature. No-
vels, which throw an ideal lustre around the common events
of life, are received as the text book of Satan ; and even po-
etry is regarded as superfluous by some, especially if it rise
above the common-place modes of thinking, feelings, and
reasoning, and carry the mind beyond the contemplation of
plain matters of fact. Yet it is somewhat remarkable that
the same people who condemn these flights of fancy can
see no harm in a studious attention to the useful in Na-
ture, and to many things which may never be of any real ser-
vice to those who dwell upon them. One of these indivi-
duals would see no harm in studying natural history, in
learning all about the habits of the snail, the porcupine,
the black ant, the ring-tailed monkey, and the Newfound-
land dog. In all these there is nothing beneath our atten-
tion; and if we spent nine-tenths of our time In the acqui-
sition of knowledge pertaining wholly to this mundane
sphere, there is no harm done. Nay, a close attention to
business is not condemned by these sticklers for matter of
fact. A man may rise early and late-may pierce himself
through with many sorrows--from the cradle to the tomb
-with the sole object in view of laying in a store of know-
ledge, whose only purpose can be the accumulation of
worldly goods, and the feeling of this perishable body. His
mind may be wholly engrossed by these worldly pursuits-
and so that he keeps clear of the sentimental-so that he
eschews the productions of genius, there is no hazard to the
mind from its close contact with mere earthly things.
It is somewhat singular that the religion of one who
taught us to take no thought forthe morrow what we should
eat and drink, and what we should put on, should be more
honored in the study and pursuit of the most gross and ma-
terial objects than in the contemplation of themes which,
although they do not lead the spirit up to the gates of the
celestial city, do still elevate it above mere brutal gratifica-
tions, and inspire it with feelings that are not wholly pe-
rishable, and which often have in them less of earth than
heaven." There is scarcely a poet, or even a novelist,
who, when arraying his subject in a more ethereal garb
than earthly minds can conceive, does not feel himself, in
some degree, led to the contemplation ot holy things, and
to a more pure and faultless state of being than is to be
found on this earth. Let these objectors bear in mind that,
if the flowers of genius do not bloom in Heaven, it is still
more difficult to carry a blacksmith's anvil, a piece of wood-
land, a railroad, or a side of sole leather, within its pearly
In Richmond, (Va.) 27th instant, by the Right Rev.
Bishop MOORE, WM. M. WORTHINGTON, Esq. of
New Orleans, to ALICE, daughter of HENRY BROWN,
Esq. of Bedford county, Virginia.
On the 28th instant, after a long and painful illness,
WILLIAM R. SPALDING, in the 39th year ofhisage.
13 His funeral will take place .at his residence, on D
street, between 13th and 14th streets, this day, at 10
o'clock, where his friends and acquaintances are invited to
On the 25th of April, at his residence, Cherry Hill,
Charles county, Md., Mr. ROBERT MARSHALL, in
the 29th year of his age, respected and beloved by all who
At Warrenton, Virginia, on Sunday, the 23d(1 instant, in
the 28th year of his age, ALBERT H. PAYNE, of the
firm of BALTZELL, PAYNE & Co. merchants, of Baltimore.
At the same place, on Monday, the 24th instant, ROB-
ERT ALEXANDER PAYNE, aged 21 years.
On the night of Thursday, the 27th instant, HENRY
WRIGHT, infant son of THOMAS B. and REBECCA RILEY.
SHIP NEWS-PORT OF ALEXANDRIA.
ARRIVED, JUNE 27.
Schr Vulture, Gray, Eastport; plaster and sundries to Wm.
Fowle & Son.
VF The Patron Feast of St. Peter's Church, Capi-
tol Hill. will be solemnly celebrated to-morrow, at half past 10
o'clock. The Rev. Mr. FENWICK, of Georgetown College,
will deliver a discourse appropriate to the occasion.
Strangers will be provided with seats. june 29
~r A meeting of the Medical Association of
Washington" will be held on'Monday, 1st July, at 1 P. M. at
the City Hall. By order of the President.
june 29-2t N. YOUNG, Sec'ry M. A. W.
SOTICE.-A meeting of the trustees of Washington's
S Manual Labor School and Male Orphan Asylum" will be
held on Mon lay next, the 1st of July, at 5 o'clock P. M. at the
house of the Howard Institution. And a meeting of the officers
and managers of the Howard Institution will be held at 6
o'clock P. M. on the same day, and at the same place.
june 29- Secretary.
FOR RENT.-A roomy two-story brick house,
situated on the east side of Sixth street west, the first
dwelling s uth of Pennsylvania Avenue, near Gads-
by's Hotel ; it has been for several years occupied as a tavern
and boarding house.
For Sale.-A three-story brick dwelling-house, on Capi-
tol Hill, south of the Capitol. This house will be sold a bar-
gain, and a credit given on the greater portion of the price
asked. Apply to
june 29-3t EDWARD INGLE.
SLHOUSE AND LOT AT PRIVATE SALE.
T I have for sale, at private sale, a two-story brick house
IlU and lot, very pleasantly situated on 12th street, be-
tween E and F, immediately opposite King's Gallery of Paint-
ings, and within a few rods of the present City Post Office.
The House is small, but very comfortable and convenient, and
in first-iate order. It has eight rooms, including the basement,
which is finished in a superior manner. There is also on the
premises a good dairy or smoke-house, and a wood-house. The
yard is handsomely paved, and contains, besides some ornamen-
tal shrubbery, a variety of choice grapes. Title unquestiona-
ble. For terms, &c. which will be liberal, inquire at my auc-
tion store, wheie every information can be had in relation to it.
june 29-if6t EDWARD DYER.
OR SALE.-A comfortable two-story Brick House, on
High street, Georgetown. The lot is 24 feet front by 75
feet deep, in No. 253. It will be sold a great bargain, if ap-
plied for immediately. Free from incumbrance, and title good.
Inquire of JOS. RADCLIFF,
june 29--3t Washington.
POSITIVE AND PEREMPTORY SALE OF
Port. Sherries, Madeira, Claret, and Cham-
pagne Wines, &e.-On Tuesday evening next, the 2d
T-1-- -t -r C nlp ln I Qhllr1ll n. itnvel var wiTrhont roOsrve hbT
C EDWARD P. CRANCH,
OMMISSIONER for the States of Massachusetts, Pennsyl-
vania, and Louisiana, with general authority to take testimony
and the acknowledgment of deeds and other instruments in
Ohio, to be used in the above States.
Office No. 131, Mdin street, Cincinnati. june 29-wlycp
S S. PRENTISS has resumed the practice of Law at
Vicksburg, Mississippi. mar 4-6m
P ANAMA (FLORIDA) STEAM SAW MILL
AND PLANING MILLS.-The undersigned
would give notice that the business pursued by him at Panama,
Florida, connected with the operation of mills on his lands in
that Territory, derive I under a grant from the colonial autho-
rities of Spain in the year 1816, which business, in accordance
with the positive stipulations and conditions of the grant from
Spain, was commenced in the year 1818, prior to the cession
of Florida, having been interrupted in the year 1828, and final-
ly stopped in the year 1830 by authority of the Government of
the United States, and which ended in the destruction of those
That, in consequence of recent decisions of the Supreme
Court of the United States, establishing his rights and his title
to 16,000 acres of land, he has.been engaged for the' last eight-
een months in erecting entire new mills on his premises on the
beautiful river St. John's.
These mills commenced their operation about the first in-
stant, and work forty upright saws, besides circular saws: also,
a grist mill, and have'the planing machines of the inven-
tion of Mr. Woodworth attached to them-each of which ma-
chines completely planes, tongues, and grooves a flooring board
in about a minute.
Prom the power and the capacity of the mills to execute, and
the well-known quality of the yellow pine which surrounds
them, it is presumed that orders to almost any reasonable ex-
tent can shortly be executed, of a quality which heretofore has
given universal satisfaction.
The mills are situated within fifteen miles of the sea. The
place has proved healthy at all seasons, and vessels go imme-
diately alongside of them and receive their cargoes bright from
The lands of the undersigned, also affording live oak and red
cedar, orders will be received as heretofore for those descrip-
tions-of hewed timber, as well as girders, beams, spars, and
ranging timber of yellow pine, that do not pass through the
The undersigned being engaged at this time in executing ex-
tensive contracts for live oak timber for the Navy Department
of the United States, can, at the same time, advantageously fur-
nish live oak for merchant vessels, of such sizes as are not suit-
able for naval purposes.
CHARLES F. SIBBALD,
18, Walnut street, Philadelphia.
CELEBRATION OF THE NATIVE AMER-
ICANS.-The steamboat Sydney will leave Bradley's
Wharf on the 4th of July, at 10 o'clock A. M. precisely, upon
an excursion of pleasure for the Native American Association.
Those members who are disposed to unite upon this occasion,
and such other Native Americans as are friendly to their cause,
are invited to meet at the City Hall at half past nine o'clock
on the morning of that day, so as to reach the steamboat at the
precise hour of ten.
The charge will be one dollar and fifty cents for each person,
exclusive of liquors, which will be provided at the cost of each
There will be a good band of music, and every'attention will
be paid to the company to make the day pass sociably and plea-
The ceremonies of the day will be under the management
of a committee of the Association, already appointed for that
The boat will touch at Alexandria about half past ten, for
such friends as shall be disposed to join in the celebration from
that place. [Alex Gaz & Pot Adv] june 29-dt4th
ARASOLS, BONNETS, AND RIBANDS.
Just opened at Allen's-
100 Florence braid and English straw bonnets
300 white and colored palm hoods
200 silk parasols and umbrellas
Summer Stocks, in great variety
100 dozen silk thread and cotton gloves
300 do men's, ladies', and misses' hose
30 pieces Swiss cambric and book muslins
100 do ginghams, calicoes, and lawns
French worked collars, thread edgings and laces
Tortoise shell, buffalo, Brazilian, and metal combs'
Feather, silk, palm, and lacquered fans
Straw bags, travelling and work baskets
200 men's drab and white double brim hats
500 men's and boys' Leghorn and palm hats.
On hand nearly every description of summer goods at re-
duced prices by J. & G. F. ALLEN,
june 29-eo3t Penn. av. near the city Post Office.
OR SALE.--Will be sold at auction, at Bradley's
Wharf, on Wednesday next, the third of July, for cash,
the sloop PATTY, now lying at Coombs's wharf. She is a first-
rate vessel, 77 tons burden, well calculated for the wood busi-
ness, being capable of carrying fifty cords.
Will be sold with the above, at the same time and plnsi ti- -
2 anchors and chain cables, 2 crowbars, 2 axes, I hatch-bar
2 shovels, 4 pairs can-hooks, I pump-hook,3 locks and keys
1 caboose, 1 spider, plates, cups, knives and forks
1 bucket, 2 meal barrels, 2 harness casks, 1 lantern and
2 sugar-boxes, pepper-box and salt-cellar
1 coffee-mill, runners, tackles, blocks and falls
Burden-blocks and falls, I pair hogshead slings, 2 calk-
ing-irons and mallet
Water-cask and spigot, 4 paint pots, 3 oil jugs
2 blacking buckets, I cabin stove, with andirons, 1 yawl-
boat and 4 oars
I water-can, for cabin, 1 dog house, I cat-block and fall, I
ensign, for vessel, 1 compass, I lead and lead-line.
HE PAVILION HOTEL at the BERKELEY
SPRINGS, Va.-This establishment, which will be
kept the present season in the house of Mr. Abernethy, ad-
joining the court-house, is now prepared to receive company.
june 29-d&,6w JOHN STROTHER, Bath.
LOAt' AND BROWN, SUGARS.
10 boxes Loaf Sugar, fine, for preserving
2 hhds superfine St. Croix do. ne, for preserving
15 do. Porto Rico do.
30 bbls do. do.
10 do. crushed do.
50 bags old Java and Maracaibo Coffee
20 do green Rio do.
20 1 chests Gunpowder and Imperial Tea (very fine qua-
lity, and of late arrivals
500 gallons pale winter Oil
50 barrels superior white wheat family Flour
25 do. pure Cider Vinegar
50 do. copper-distilled Whiskey.
In store, a general assortment of well-selected Groceries,
Liquors, Wines, &c. which are offered on pleasing terms to fa-
milies and dealers. WILLIAM EMACK,
june 29-3t 7th street, opposite Gales & Seaton's Office.
ARM FOR SALE.-The under signed, in virtue ofa
power of attorney, will offer at public sale, on Friday, the
26th day of July next, at 12 o'clock M., if fair, if not, the next
fair day thereafter, at Good Luck, Prince George's county,
Maryland, near the premises, the following tracts or parcels of
land, formerly the property of the late Richard D. Hall, to wit:
A tract called Beck's Chance, part of Beck's Addition, Piny
Hody, Osbourn Lot, and Second Meadows, containing about 200
acres; also, parts of tracts, called Pleasant Spring, First Mea-
dows, Beck's Addition, Piny Hody, and Tyler's Delight, contain-
ing about 1821 acres. The improvements are, a comfortable
farm dwelling-house, two tobacco-houses, all other convenient
outhouses, an apple'orchard, and a sufficiency of wood, rail-tim-
ber, and meadow land.
The terms of sale are: $700 of the purchase money to be
paid in cash on the day of sale, and the balance upon a credit of
one and two years, the purchaser giving bond, with good secu-
rity, bearing interest from the day of sale, Upon the payment
of the whole purchase money, the undersigned is authorized to
convey the property, in fee simple, to the purchaser.
N. C. STEPHEN,
june 29-2aw4w Bladensburg, Maryland.
rrHIS 1S TO GIVE NOTICE that the.subscribers
Shave obtained from the Orphans' Court of Charles coun-
ty, Maryland, letters testamentary on the personal estate of
Philip J. Ford, late of Charles county, deceased. All persons
having claims against the said deceased are hereby warned to
exhibitthe same to the subscribers on or before the 10th day of
January next; they may otherwise by law be excluded from all
benefit of said deceased s estate.
Given under our hands this 25th day of June, 1839.
ALLISON F. BEALE,
RANDOLPH B. LATIMER,
june 29--cpw4w Executors of Philip J. Ford.
TWENTY DOLLARS REWARD.-Ran away
from the subscriber, in Georgetown, on Monday, the 17th
instant, negro boy JAMES CASSADY, commonly called JIM.
He is of yellow complexion, about 14 or 15 years old, but of low
stature for that age; has long woolly hair, and is of Indian de-
scent, and looks somewhat of the countenance of the Indian,
downcast in his eyes; had on when he left home a dark cloth
jacket, linen pantaloons, and cloth cap, but doubtless will
hianr,,, hia ,rlrPe. as he carried awav two dollars in money.
I EDITORS' CORRESPONDENCE.
NEW YORK, JUNE -
Almost every man of business awaits theF
rival of the Liverpool with breathless anxiety.
Freights, sailors, ships, stocks, markets, &c.
stand still for her news. One effect of ocean
steam navigation has already been so to con-
centrate commercial news as to paralyze opera-
tions about a week prior to the expected arrival.
The pressure upon the money market here
can be judged of by the fact, that New York
city 5 per cent. stock, redeemable in 1858,
offered at 90, can only obtain the offer of 85.
The money market is emphatically "tight."
The preparations --for Mr. VAN BUREN here
and hereabout continue. He is to pass the next
Sunday at. Suckasunny'(N, J.) with Mr. Ex-
Secretary DICKERSON-to be in Newark (N.J.)
on Monday, and here on Tuesday noon. Things
are to be got up in the style imperial. The
Custom House is a bee-hive in the business of
Emigration from Upper Canada to the United
States continues. The person employed in su-
perintending the Eastern roads of U. C. states
that over a thousand persons, lately in his em-
ploy, have left for the United States,
In Camden (Me.) there' i a seous riot.
The companies there for several years have, by
some means or other, evaded military duty, and
now that an attempt is made to collect the fines
imposed by law, they resist the authorities.
The Governor of the State has ordered the Ad-
jutant General "to remonstrate" with the lead-
ers of the mob.
Another disagreement between the Governor
and the Legislature of Newfoundland hasled to
the prorogation of the latter until the Home
Government can settle the point.
A passenger from Aquadilla (Porto Rico)
states that several shocks of earthquake were felt
at that place the 10th inst.
Admiral BAUDIN, in the .French frigate Nere-
ide, with the steamship Meteore, is expected
here from Havana.
There is no truth in the story that Mr. CAM-
BRELENG has taken up a pro tempore residence
on the eastern end of Long Island; in order to
be elected a member of Congress from hence.
H. B. Majesty's packet Arrow has arrived
here from the Windward Islands, with the Hon.
Sir EDWARD CREST and Lady, on their way to
Mr. MACKENZIE states, in the Rochester De-
mocrat, that he was sentenced to the prison of
that city by his own desire.
SVIRGINIA MAIL COACH LINES.
1. VIRGINIA SPRINGS.
Passengers from the North leave Washington city every eve-
ning at half past 6 o'clock'in the steamboat Augusta, Captain
Black, for Fredericksburg, arrive at Fredgciksbtnir- iM ..w----
11ours, then. by the rai+rom cars, vial'unction, to Louisa C.
H. and by coach to Charlott, sville. Arrive at the Junction by
4 o'clock A. M. rest four hours till 8 o'clock A. M. and arrive
at Charlottesvile by 7 o'clock P. M. where they rest 8 hours.
Leave Charlottesville next morning at 3 o'clock, arrive at
Staunton by 11 o'clock the same morning, and proceed in the
line of Messrs. Porter & Boyd to Cloverdale the same day;
breakfast the next morning at the Warm Springs, arrive at the
Hot Springs the same morning about 11 o'clock, and at ihe
White Sulphur Springs early in the afternoon of the same day.
Passages may be taken to Charlottesville on board the steam-
hoat, Captain Black, or at the Railroad Depot, Fredericks-
Passengers from the South leave Richmond in the Louisa
Railroad cars at 6 o'clock A. M. connect with the line from
Washington at the Junction by 8 o'clock A. M. and arrive at
Charlottesville same day by 7 P. M.
From the end of the Railroad to Charlottesville the distance
is but 28 miles. Two daily lines and a tri-weekly line--of ele-
gant Albany and Troy built coaches," with excellent horses
and experienced drivers, run the whole distance from the Rail-
road to the Springs, and certain arrangements are made that no
passenger shall ever be left on the road.
II. TENNESSEE LINE.
-, From Washington or'from Richmond, Va. by Charlottesville,
Staunton, Lexington, Natural Bridge, Fincastle, &c. to Blounts-
ville and Knoxville, Tenn. where it connects with coach lines
by Nashville to Memphis, on the Mississippi, to Huntsville, and
all parts of Alabama, Mississippi, and Arkarisas.
Leave Washington or -Richmond, and arrive at Staunton as
above. Leave Staunton Tuesdays, Thursdays and Paturdays at
11 o'clock A. M. after the arrival of the coach from Charlottes-
ville, and proceed in comfortable coaches, with good houses,
careful drivers, and increased celerity.
II!. OLD PIEDMONT LINE.
From Washington city to New Orleans, by Fredericksburg,
Cartersville, Farmville, Prince Edward C. H., Charlotte C.
H., Halifax C H., Milton, N. C., Greensboro',Salisbury, Con-
cord, Yorkville, S. C., Pinckneyville, Laurens C. H., and Ab-
byville, to Greensboro', Ga., where it connects with the Alliga-
tor Line, via Macon, and Pensacola, Flo., to Mobile ; also, with
the PNe~r Mail Line from Greensboro', Ga., by Thomas-
ton, Columbus, and Montgomery, Ala., to Mobile; and with
the line from Greensboro', by Milledgeville, to Columbus and
Mobile, giving to passengers their election of these several
Leave Washington in the evenings of Mondays, Wednesdays,
and Fridays, by the steamboat Augusta, Captain Black, for
Fredericksburg, thence by railroad to Frederick's Hall,
and by coaches through the route. Passages may be taken
to Milton, N. C. on board the steamboat, Captain Black, and
through the whole line they will have a preference over all
way passengers, so as to insure them against detention. -This
route is the most interesting and pleasant of any line running
to the Southwest. The coaches, horses, and drivers are all of
the first order. The roads, neither mountainous nor sandy,
run through a country at all seasons of the year remarkably
healthy, having the beautiful mountain scenery continually in
view, leading through the gold region.of North Carolina, and
by the Branch Mint at Charlotte, in that State, and, withal, but
little more than half the distance of the Charleston and Augus-
ta line to Greensboro', Ga.
Passage from Frederick's Hall to Milton, 170 miles, only
IV. RICHMOND AND LYNCHBURG LINE.
The line from Richmond, by Columbia, Scottsville, Warmin-
ster, New Glasgow, and Amherst C. H. to Lynchburg, runs on
the north side of James river through a delightfully pleasant
part of the State, having in view, almost the whole way, that
beautiful stream, and the James River and Kanawha Ca-
nal. Fine coaches, good horses, careful drivers, and every
thing calculated 'to render it the most eligible route between
these places. -
Distance 130 miles-Fare but eight dollars.
LeaveRichmond at 6 o'clock in the mornings of Mondays,
Wednesday, and Fridays, arrive at Lynchburg the next eve-
nings at 7 o'clock, allowing ample time for sleep on the way.
V. WASHINGTON, FREDERICKSBURG, OR RICH-
MOND, TO LYNCHBURG, by way of Louisa Railroad.
Leave Washington city Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday eve-
nings at half past 6 o'clock, by the steamboat Augusta, Captain
Black; leave Fredericksburg or Richmond next morning by
Louisia Railroad sars; proceed to Charlottesville as in the line
for Virginia Springs, and arrive at 7 o'clock P. M. Leave
S. I I "
MAIL STAGE LINE.
THROUGH IN ONE DAY-LEESBURG AND WIN-
f HIS Line is now in complete operation, finely stocked,
first-rate Coaches and careful drivers. This Line will
also run by the Frederick White Sulphur Springs, on the route
to Winchester, (and I purpose having a stage at Snicker's Ferry,
to run to the Shannondale Springs. By giving tiaely notice, it
can be done in one day. Every attention will be paid to this
part, as the proprietor will superintend this in person.)
The fare from Washington by the Frederick White Sulphur
Springs will be $4 50 : to the Shannondale Springs, $5.
The Public may rest assured that there will be no delay, and
every attention to make the traveller comfortable.
This Line intersects with the Cumberland Mail Stage Line
for the West. Leaves Washington every Tuesday, Thursday,
and Saturday; and leaves Winchester every Wednesday, Fri-
day, and Sunday, at the hour of 5 o'clock in the morning; ar-
rives same day at half past 7 o'clock.
june 18 -6t Agent for Jas. A. Williams.
1jI Leesburg Genius of Liberty will publish the above, and
charge J. A. W.
a STEAMBOAT PH(ENIX.-This boat
continues to ply between Washington and Alex-
andria on Sundays, Mondays, and Thursdays.
june 15-dlw&MW&S3w Master.
NOTICE TO WESTERN TRAVELLERS,
Fare reduced to Frederic town
Boyj^ sto 3 dollars, which makes it $2 50
cheaper to Fredericktown, Wheeling,
Sor Pittsburg, than by any other line for
the West. Passengers taking seats in this line have the pre-
ference at Fredericktown over all other passengers for the
West. The stages leave the office opposite Gadsby's Hotel,
daily, for Fredericktown, Wheeling, and Warrenton.
june 4-dim Agent.
A 2 NOTICE.-The Steamboat JOSEPH JOHN-
S SON, plying between Alexandria and Wash-
ington, will, on and after Thursday, the 9th instant, run ps fol-
Leave Alexandria at 8j, and 181 A. M.
and at 1l, 3j, and 5j P. M.
Leave Washingtonat 9j, and 11i A. M.
and at 2i, 4j, and,. 6 P. M.
Until further notice.
may 8-dtf Captain.
PLEASURE EXCURSION TO PI-
1NEY POINT.-The steamboat PHOENIX
leaves Washington at 6 o'clock, and Alexandria at 7 o'clock
A. M. on Tuesdays and Fridays, for Piney Point and the dif-
ferentlandings on the river, going through and landing her
passengers by daylight.
For the accommodation of persons visiting the Point on
pleasure, the proprietors have determined to make the passage
fir the trip, down and up, three dollars, passengers to have
the liberty of returning on any trip that may suit their conve-
Returning, the boat will leave Kinsale on Wednesdays and
Saturday, at 5 o'clock A. M. JOHN WILSON,
may 27-MTh&S2w&M&Th2w Captain.
STEAMBOAT LINE FOR PHILADELPHIA,
Via the New Castle and Frenchtown Turnpike and
r'IHE Steamboats of this line being now in complete order,
willcommence their regular route on Monday, the 18th
March instant, leaving Bowly's wharf, Baltimore, at 6 o'clock
P. M. and Dock street wharf, Philadelphia, at 1- P. M. daily,
The Public is respectfully informed that the care, attention,
and comfort so much admired heretofore by passengers on this
line, will be strictly adhered to.
All baggage at its owner's risk. Passage through $4. Meals
1Yr Freight despatched by this line with care and attention,
at moderate prices.
T. SHEPPARD, Agent,
PASSAGEFOR CHARLESTON, S. C. BY THE
Atlantic Steam Packets.
WHE well-known and popular sea steam-packets GEOR-
lA*), -rx P ls and SOUTH CAROLINA, Cap-
tain Coffee, being now in complete order, (in.pss .e .-- ..u .
ably to acts of Congress, and furnished with life-preservers for
passengers,) have commenced theirregular line between Nor-
folk and Charleston.
South Carolina, Capt. Coffee, Saturday, 13th April.
Georgia, Rollins, 20th
South Carolina, Coffee, 27th "
Georgia, Capt. Rollins, Saturday, 13th April.
South Carolina, Coffee, 20th "
Georgia, Rollins, 27th "
And so on, alternately, every Saturday, from Norfolk and
fro Passengers by this line for Charleston, leaving New
aaork on Thursday, and Philadelphia by Thursday evening's
steamboat and Friday morning's cars 'for Baltimore, will be in
time to take the daily Norfolk boat on Friday evening at 3
o'clock for the Charleston steam-packets, waiting at Norfolk for
the arrival of the Baltimore boat on Saturday morning.
Carriages and horses taken in the Georgia, and small pack-
ages of freight in either boat. For further particulars apply to
T. SHEPPARD, Treasurer,
ap 11-d Bowly's Wharf, Baltimore.
NEW YORK AND PHILADELPHIA
ROAD LINE DIRECT.
THROUGH IN SIX HOURS, via Trenton, Princeton, New
Brunswick, Newark, &c. By continuous line of Railroad from
Philadelphia to Jersey City, opposite the city of New York,
crossing the Delaware on the Railroad bridge at Trenton. A
commodious Steamboat will be in readiness at Jersey City to
convey passengers across the river without detention, taking
the baggage crates on board.
Leaves the Trenton Railroad depot in Philadelphia, corner of
Third and Willow streets, daily, Sunday excepted.
Morning Line at 8k A. M.
U. S. Mail Pilot Line at 5 P. M.
Morning Line at
U. S. Mail Pilot Line at
Fare in either line $4 00.04
Returning, the lines leave New'York at 8 A. M. and 4k P,
M. mar 4-dtf
PASSAGE TO'NORFOLK, PORTSMOUTH,
PETERSBURG, AND RICHMOND.
THREE TIMES A WEEK.
SHE steamboats ALABAMA, Caplain Sutton, and KEN-
STUCKY, Captain Holmes, will commence to run three
times a week (alternately) on Monday, the 4th of March next,
leaving the lower end of Spear's wharf every Monday, Wed-
nesday, and Friday evenings, -it half past 3 o clock, and arrive
at Portsmouth next morningin time forthe cars for Wilmington,
and thence in steamboats to Charleston, which is the quickest,
cheapest, and most comfortable route.
These boats also run in connexion with the James river boats
for Petersburg and Richmond, where they arrive next after-
noon from Baltimore. This is likewise by far the most pleas-
ant route, having a comfortable night's rest and no changes
from steamboat, stages, and railroads in the dead of night, as
on the Washington route.
The company having bought the new and beautiful steamboat
JEWESS, for the purpose of running a daily line, due notice
will be given thereof; and the company hope that travellers
will patronize this line, assuring them that nothing shall be
wanting on their part to givecomfort and despatch.
mar 4 JAMES FERGUSSON.
T HE CATHOLIC (Rheimish) TESTAMENT,
and the Confutation of the same.-Just received
for sale by F. TAYLOR.
The New Testament, translated out of the Latin Vulgate, as
first promulgated in 1582 by the English College of Rheims,
with the original preface, arguments, and tables, marginal notes
and annotations; to which are now added Introductory Essays,
a Topical and Textual Index. 1 volume octavo, price $1.
Also, in 1 volume octavo, price $1, The Confutation of the
Rheimish Testament, by Fulke. published in 1589. now rpnrint-
R IIOE & CO. 29 and 31, Gold street, New
York, having made recent improvements in their
works for the purpose of manufacturing their improved machine
Cylinder Presses, have'concluded to reduce the prices of these
presses, which will be as follows, viz.
No. 1, has bed 40 by 29 $1,600
No. 2, has bed 46 by 31 2,100
No. 3, has bed 50 by 31 2,301)
No. 4, has bed 54 by 35 2,500
No. 1, has bed 40 by 27 2,500
No. 2, has bed 44 by 31 2,750
No. 3, has bed 50 by 31 3,000
Larger or smaller sizes can be made to order.
For the printing of newspapers, Hoe & Co.'s improved Na-
pier Presses are decidedly preferable to any others in use. The
expedition with which it prints is a desideratum that has in no
other way been attained-the Single Napier being capable of
throwing off from 1,500 to 1,800 impressions per hour, and the
Double Cylinder twice that number. The Presses may be
driven by one strong man, or other equal power; the Single
Cylinder requires, also, two boys or girls, (one of them to put
on, and the other to take off the sheets ;) the Double Cylinder
two to put on, and two to take off. These Presses are not liable
to get out of repair, and any careful man can learn in a few
days how to attend them properly. The parts liable to wear out
are small, and duplicates of them can always be ordered with a
new machine, and readily replaced when needed. R. Hoe &
Co. are the only manufacturers of the Napier Presses in this
country, and from their long experience in their manufacture,
and by the construction of new and costly machinery expressly
to facilitate the making of these Presses, are now enabled to
offer an improved article, at prices which will render them ac-
cessible to the greater part of the newspaper printers in the
United States.. The Single Press occupies a space of 16 feet
by 8 feet, and the Double Press 17 feet by 8 feet.
Hoe & Co. are the sole manufacturers of the Washington and
Smith patent Hand-presses, and furnish every article necessary
for a printingoffice complete.
They also execute, with promptness, orders for Types of
any description,and Printing Ink. ap 30-3m
1 ISS LANDON.-A11 the Poems of L. E. L. com-
plete in one large handsomely printed octavo volume,
with portrait; price $2 50.
The same volume, full bound in splendid crimson and purple
calf, $3 75. F. TAYLOR.
TIHE VISION OF RUBETA, an Epic Story of the
Island of Manhattan, with illustrations, done on stone,
just received and for sale between 9th and 10th streets, Penn.
Avenue; R. FARNHAM.
NGLISH BOOKS.-The works of Lord Bacon, with
an introductory Essay and a Portrait, 2 vols.
Also, Byron's Life, Letters and Journal, in 1 vol., Murray's
Also, Byron's works complete in one volume.
The Wonders of Geology, by Gideon Mantell, LL. D. F. R. S.
in two volumes.
A few copies just received and for sale at W. M. MORRI-
SON'S book and stationery store, four doors west of Brown's
Hotel; mar 29
ELEGANT TORTOISE-SHELL TEA CAD-
.E dies.-The subscriber has for sale cheap, a small invoice
of elegant tortoise-shell tea caddies, at importers' prices, for
cash. LEWIS JOHNSON
EW NOVEL.-Eoneguski, or the Cherokee Chief, a
tale of past wars, by an American, is just published, for
sale by F. TAYLOR, or for circulation among the subscribers
to the Waverley Circulating Library. feb 18
OOKS FOR THE YOUNG.-A, Mother's Libra-
ry for Little Folks, each volume complete in itself, vol-
Willy's Rambles to see the House-building, volume 2.
The Birth-day Gift, comprising a variety of beautiful and use-
Authentic Anecdotes of Washington, embellished with neat
Several new and popular Works of Peter Parley, Voyager,
Traveller, and Historian.
Little Child's Own Book, by Mrs. Child.
I have no sweetmeats, cakes, or toys,
As fit for little girls or boys ;
But look in me, and you shall find
Both food and play-things for the mind."
Rose and her Lamb, admirably adapted for improving the af-
fections of the young.
With a great variety of other useful Books for the juvenile
reader, which will always be sold as low as to be found else-
where, between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. Avenue.
N. B. Books of every description supplied at short notice,
when not on hand. ap 29
PRINTING PAPER.-W. FISCHER would inform
printers and others that he has made arrangements with
the proprietors of the most extensive paper mills in Massachu-
setts to be supplied regularly with every description of print-
ing paper of the best quality. A large quantity of the follow-
ing sizes has just been received by the schooner Orleans, which
-_wiLb.a old at Stationers' Hall on the most reasonable terms :
19 by 24 inches.
21 by 27 do
22 by 32 do
24 by 38 do
Saint Mary's County Court, sitting as a Court of
Equity, August Term, 1838.
Wm. D. Biscoe and Sarah Biscoe, his wife, executors of Robert
Dorcas Bean and Henry B. Martin.
HE Bill states that William Bean being indebted to Ro-
bert Lilburn in his lifetime in a large sum of money, to wit,
seventeen hundred dollars, executed a deed to Robert Lilburn
for a tract of land lying and being in St. Mary's county, called
Dryden, for the purpose of securing the payment to said Lil-
urn of the sum ofseventeen hundred dollars and the interest
thereon, from the date of the deed, which deed was intended
to operate as a mortgage. That Lilburn is dead, and the com-
plainants are his executors; that William Bean is dead, and
that Dorcas Bean and Henry B. Martin (now residing in the
State of Mississippi) are the devisees of the said land nnder the
will of said Bean ; that none of the money has been paid; that
the bill is filed for the purpose of obtaining decree for the
sale of the land to pay the said sum of seventeen hundred dol-
lars and the interest thereon from the date of the deed till paid ;
it is therefore ordered this 17th day of August, 1838, that the
said Henry B. Martin be and appear in this court by attorney,
or in proper person, and full and perfect answer make to the
said bill of complaint on or before the first Monday of March
next, or that the said bill of complaint as against him will be
taken pro confess: Provided, a copy of this order be pub-
lished in some newspaper in the District of Columbia once a
week for four months before the day aforesaid.
RDERED by the Courtat March term, 1839, that the
within order of publication be extended to the first Mon-
day in August next upon the same terms as to notice.
True copy: JO. HARRIS,
mar 19-w4m Clerk of St. Mary's county court.
F HE CATHOLIC ALMANAC, and Laity's Direc-
.r tory for the year of our Lord 1839. A fresh supply just
received at R. FARNHAM'S,
Between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
jOOKS ON AGRICULTURE, GARDENING,
Husbandry, Botany, Cattle, Poultry, the Greenhouse, the
Orchard, the Grapevine, the Mulberry, the Flower Garden,
&c. in all their various branches.
F. TAYLOR has lately been making large additions to that
class of his collection of books which range under the above
heads, among which will be found many entirely new, render-
ing it the most complete and various of any collection in the
Among many new and valuable ones will be found the fol-
Low's Practical Agriculture. London, 1839.
The Greenhouse, by C. McIntosh. London, 1838; color-
Sheep ; their breeds, management, and diseases. 1 vol.
octavo. London, 1837.
British Husbandry. 1 vol. octavo. London.
Paxton on the Culture of the Dahlia. 1 vol. London, 1838.
Whitmarsh on the Mulberry and Silkworm. I vol. 1839.
The Fruit, Flower, and Kitchen Garden, by P. Neill. 1
vol. London, 1838.
Cobb on the Mulberry Tree and the Culture of Silk. Price
Clarke on the Mulberry Tree, the Silkworm, and Silk. I
The Planter's Guide, by Sir Henrf Stewart.
Lindley's Flora Medica, a botanical account of all the
plants used in medicine in different parts of the world.
1 vol. London, 1838.
Young Gardener's Assistant, by T. Bridgman. N. York.
Nutton the Managementof Bees. 1 vol. London.
Bagster on Bees.
Thatcher on Bees.
Smith on the Honey Bee.
And many others, the list of which will be continued in a sub-
sequentadvertisement. All at the lowest prices.
AGENCY at WASHINGTON.-JAMES H. CAUS-
TEN, (late of Baltimore,) having made this city his perma-
nent residence, will undertake, with his accustomed zeal and
diligence, the settlement of claims generally; and more parti-
cularly claims before Congress, against the United States, or
the several Departments thereof, and before any Board of Com-
missioners that may be raised for the adjustment of spoliation
or other claims. He has now in charge the entire class arising
out of French spoliations prior to the year -1800; with reference
to which, in addition to a mass of documents and proofs in his
possession, be has access to those in the archivesof the Govern-
Claimants and pensioners on the Navy fund, &c. bounty lands,
return duties, &c. &c. and those requiring life insurance, can
have their business promptly attended to by letter, (post paid)
and thus relieve themselves from an expensive and inconve-
nient personal attendance.
Having obtained a commission of Notary Public, he is prepar-
ed to furnish legalized copies of any required public documents
or other papers. He has be n so leng engaged in the duties of
an agent, that it can only be necessary now to say that economy
and prompt attention shall be extended to all business confided
to his care; and that, to enable him to render his services and
facilities more efficacious, he has become familiar with all the
forms of office.
Office on F street, near the new Treasury Building.
ORTRAIT OF WASHI N GTON.--This celebrat-
ed painting, from a copy taken from the original picture,
by Stuart, in Faneuil Hall, Boston ; and, also, the Declaration
of Independence, with fac-similes of the signatures and like-
nesses of the signers, the arms of the States, and the portraits of
the Presidents, published by the Franklin Print Company,
Boston, maybe had at the bookstore ofR. FARNHAM, between
9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue. jan 23
C OLORED PRINTS.-W. FISCHER has just re-
ceived from the-publishers, on consignment, an extensive
assortment of handsome colored lithographic prints, consisting
of portraits, landscapes, mourning pieces, animals, birds, &c.
comprising 100 different kinds. To an examination of which
lie would invite the Public, particularly dealers, as they will be
sold, wholesale or retail, at very reduced prices, to close sales.
JIIORIDA WATER AND REAL GERMAN
S COLOGN E.-The subscriber has a small lot of Real
German Cologne and Florida Water, direct from the manufac-
turer. L. JOHNSON,
mar 25 At the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store.
N EW BOOKS.-Romance of The Harem, by Miss Par..
doe, author of "City of the Sultan," &c. in two volumes,
The American in Paris, by John Sanderson, Esq. in two vol-
Indecision, a tale of the far West, and other Poems, by B. K.
Mitchell, M. D. in one volume, 12mo.
Tales of Enterprise, for the amusement of youth, embellished
with engravings on steel, in one small volumre.
Just received for sale at
Pennsylvania avenue, between 11th and 12th streets.
D AWES'S POEMS.-Geraldilne, Athenia of Damas-
cus, and Miscellaneous Poems, by Rufus Dawes, just re-
ceived and for sale, between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsyl-
feb23 R. FARNHAM.
HI 'HE IRON TRADE.-Just published, and this day
received for sale by F. TAYLOR, Catechism of Iron, or
the Merchant's and Mechanic's Complete Guide to the Iron
Trade, with practical remarks and useful observations, includ-
ing a new and comprehensive set of tables, arranged on an im-
proved method, containing the weights of more than 1,000 dif-
ferent bodies and substances of iron, and giving the nearest
proportionate number of feet which is equal to a ton in weight
of each of the different bodies and sizes; compiled from the
best English authorities; I pocket volume. feb 25
IFE OF CHRIST, in the Words of the Evangelist,
a complete harmony of the Gospel History of our Saviour,
for the use ofyourtg persons, illustrated with engravings after
Chapman and others, by Adams.
Riches without Wings, or, The Cleveland Family, by Mrs.
With more juvenile books, just received and for sale between
9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
jan 16 R. FARNHAM.
In St. Mary's County Court, sitting as a Court of
James J. Gough, trustee of Robert McK. Hammett,
Robert McK. Hammett and George Hammett.
HE BILL in this cause states that on the 2th day of
March, 1838, Robert McKelvie Hammett, one of the de-
fendants, became a petitioner for the benefit of the insolvent laws
of Maryland, and that the complainant was appointed his per-
manent trustee ; that on the schedule of the property given in
by the insolvent were three tracts of land, one called Mill Pond,
one called Stiles's Chance, and the other called Bellwood; that
prior to the said Robert McKelvie's said petition, he, being large-
ly indebted to divers persons and beyond his means of payment,
to wit, on the 22d of February, 1838,' did, by deed of bargain
and sale, convey to one George Hammett, of the city of New
Orleans, in the State of Louisiana, in fee, the said tracts of land,
which said tracts of land were so conveyed without full and valu-
able consideration, and to protect them from all liability for the
debts of the said Robert McKelvie. The bill prays that the said
defendants be required to declare on oath, whether any, and, if
any, what consideration was given by the said George Hammett
to the said Robert McKelvie Hammett for the said tracts of
land. The bill further prays that the said deed be cancelled,
and that the same be sold subject to the payment of said Robert
McKelvie's debts. It is therefore ordered, this p0th day of
April, 1839, that George Hammett be and appear in this Court
on or before the first Monday of August next, and put in his
answer, on oath, to the said bill, and in default thereof that said
bill be taken pro confesso against him, provided a copy of this
order shall be inserted in some newspaper published in the city
of Washington, once a week for three successive months before
the first Monday in August next.
Clerk St. Mary's County Court.
SUPERIOR ENGLISH FISHING RODS, &c.
The subscriber has just received a supply of superior
English Fishing Rods, imported to order, consisting of, in part.
Superior fly rods, some with extra joints, &c.
Several patterns of Hazel rods, ol 2, 3, 4, and 5 joints
Also, cane rods, 3 and 4joints
Together with fine reels, grass lines, floats, Virginia hooks,
and best Kirby snooded hooks, various sizes.
For sale low at the old snuff, tobacco and fancy store, be-
tween 11thand 12th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
may 1 LEWIS JOHNSON.
E EINGLISH BOOKS.--This day received for
sale by P. TAYLOR-
Life and Reign of William'the Fourth, 2 vols. with many
England under Seven Administrations, commencing with the
Canning and GoderLh, and ending with the Melbourne minis-
try, by Fontblanque, 3 vols. with portraits.
Gil Bias, Paris edition, 1 vol. large octavo, containing 600
vignettes and engravings.
Molicre, in 2 vols. octavo, same style.
Flaximan's Lectures on Sculpture, I vol. 52 plates.
Pictorial History of England, with many hundred engravings.
Fiugel's German and English Dictionary, 2 vols. octavo, Leip-
Pictorial Shakspeare, each play published separately, con-
taining each forty to fifty engravings and vignettes, London,
1839, price 87 cents each.
Clarke's Riches of Chaucer.
The Works (in Italian) of the Four Italian Poets, Dante,
Petrarch, Ariosto, and Tasso, the whole complete in 1 octavo
volume, Paris edition. may I
PASSAGES FROM TIHE DIARY KEPT AT
Philadelphia during 1774, 1775, and 1776, by Christopher
Marshall, Member of the Committee of Observation, of the Pro-
vincial Conference, and of the Council of Safety, 1 small vol-
ume, now first published, is this day received for sale by F.
rAYLOR. mar 7
AVI ES' MATHEMATICAL CLASS-BOOKS
for Academies and Schools, viz.
Davies's Mental and Practical Arithmetic
Key to ditto
Davies's First Lessons in Algebra
Do Bourdon's Algebra
Do Legendre's Geometry
Do Analytic Geometry
Do Descriptive Geometry
Do Differential and Integral Calculus, and
Do Shades and Shadows.
All for sale by F. TAYLOR, to schools, colleges, or the trade,
at the publishers' prices.
The above books are recommended by Professor Webster,
Geneva College, New York; Professor Church, U. S. Milita-
ry Academy; Professor Church, Dartmouth College, N. H.;
Professors Norton and Hackley, of the University of N. York;
Professor Park, of the University of Pennsylvania ; Professor
Catlin, of Clinton College, N. Y.; Professor Ammen, of Bacon
College, Georgetown, Ky. ; Professor Johnson. Princinal of
OSTON ACADEMY OF CHURCH MUSIC.-
The Boston Academy's collection of Church Music; the
Odeon, a collection of Secular Melodies; the Choir, or Union
collection of Church Music; and Kingsly's Social Choir, de-
signed for the domestic circle; an additional supply just receiv-
ed and for sale between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
may 20 R. FARNHAM.
F" INE JET BEAD BAGS.-The subscriber, at the
old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy store, has just received
some, fine Jet Beadd Bags for sale low. Also, a variety of fancy
colored Bead Bags, very superior.
ap 24 Between llth and 12th streets, Penn. Av.
EW BOOKS.-The Idler in Italy, by the Countess of
Blessington, in two vols. 12mo.
Horace Vernon,a tale of fashionable life, in two vols. 12mo.
The American Joe Miller, comprising whims, scraps, and
oddities, with numerous illustrations by Johnson, in one vol.
Just received for sale at
Pennsylvania avenue, between 1lth and 12th streets.
A- NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE.-On the first
of June next will be published, in New York, a new pe-
riodical, under the title of Colnan's Monthly Miscellany, to be
conducted by Grenville Mellen and William Cutler, assisted
by several of the most popular and interesting writers in this
The work will be issued and sold by the single number at 50
cents, or to yearly subscribers at $6 a year; but if paid in ad-
vance, $5 a year only will be required.
Subscriptions received by R. FARNHAM,
Between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
ORILLARD'S FINE-CUT TOBACCO.-
Tue subscriber has just received a supply of fresh Loril-
lard's fine-cut chewing and smoking Tobacco.
may 13 between 11th and 12th streets, Penn. Av.
0 TO CLAIMANT'IS.-FRANUCl A. DIUKINS, of the
- city of Washington, having resigned the appointment
held by him for several years in the Treasury and War Depart-
ments, has undertaken the agency of claims before Congress,
and other branches of the Government, including commission-
ers under treaties, and the various public offices; also, the pro-
curing of patents for public lands, prosecuting claims for servi-
ces in the Revolution, and for Navy pensions, and generally
such other business as may require the aid of an agent at Wash-
ington. He will likewise attend to the prosecution of bounty
land claims upon the State of Virginia, and the recovery o;
lands in Ohio which have been sold for taxes.
Persons having, or supposing themselves to have claims, will,
on transmitting a statement of the facts, be advised of the pro-
per course of proceeding. His charge will be moderate, de-
pending upon the amount of the claim and the extent of the
He is also agent for the American Life Insurance and Trust
Company, which has a capital of two millions of dollars paid in,
and for the Baltimore Fire Insurance Company.
Mr. F. A. DIrcKNs is known to most of those who have been
in Congress within the .ast few years, or who have occupied
any public situation at Washington.
His office is on Pennsylvania Avenue, between Fuller's Ho-
tel and Fifteenth street.
I Allletters must be postpaid. july 6-dly
HE GENERAL HISTORY OF CIVILIZA-
TION IN EUROPE, from the fall of the Roman
empire to the French Revolution, translated from the French
ofM. Guizot, Professor of History to La Faculte des Lettres of
Paris, and Minister of Public Instruction, first American from
the second English edition, for sale at MORRISON'S Book-
store, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
A I LRCROMBIE on the Christian Characer
and the Culture and Discipline of the Mind..--
Just received, for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also, just received, The Merry Tales of "TThe Three Wise
Men of Gotham," by Mr. Paulding, author of Dutchman's Fire-
side, Westward Ho! &c. mar 13
r 'HE RUINS OF ATIHENS, Tita:ia's Ban-
quet, a Mask, and other Poems, by G. Hill, just re-
ceived, and for sale between 9th and 10th steets,,.Pennsylva-
feb 25 R. FARNHAM.
American Life Insurance and Trust Company.
OFFICES-No. 136 Baltimore street, Baltimore; and Wall
street, New York.
AGENcY-Pennsylvania Avenue, between Fuller's Hotel
and the Treasury Department, Washington city.
CAPITAL PAID IN $2,000,000.
PATRICK MACAULAY, President, Baltimore.
JOHN DUER, Vice President, New York.
IONEY received daily on deposit, on which interest will
be allowed, payable semi-annually. The Company also
insures lives, grants annuities, sells endowments, and executes
Applications, post paid, may be addressed to PATRICK
MACAULAY, Esq., President, Baltimore; or MORRIS ROB-
INSON, Esq., Vice President, New York; to which immedi-
ate attention will be paid.
Applications may also be made personally, or by letter, post
paid, to FRANCIS A. DICKINS, Esq. Agent for the Company
in the City of WASHINGTON. His office is on Pennsylvania
Avenue,between Fuller's Hotel and 15th street, ap 23-dly
IALT'IM' ORE IA IN Si i URAN CE COMPANY Y,
JOHN J. DONALDSON, PRESIDENT,
NSURES LIVES for one or more years, orfor life.
Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
Age. One year. Seven years. For life.
25 1.00 1.12 2.04
30 1.31 1 36 2.36
35 1.36 1.53 2.75
40 1.69 1.83 3.20
45 1.91 1.96 3.73
50 1.96 2.09 4.60
55 2.32 3.21 5.78
60 4.35 4.91 7.00
Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
60 years of age, 10.55 per cent.
65 do. 12.27 do. per annum.
70 do. 14.19 do.
For One Hundred Dollars deposited at birth of child, the Com-
pany will pay, if he attain 21 years ofage, $4G9
At six months, 408
One year, 375
The Company also executes trusts; receives money on depo-
site, paying interest semi-annually, or compounding it, and
makes all kinds of contracts in which life or the interest of mo-
ney is involved. WILLIAM MURDOCK, Secretary.
James H. Causten, City of Washington.
Dr. B. R. Wellford, Fredericksburg, Virginia.
John O. Lay, Richmond, Va.
D. Robertson, Norfolk, Va.
A. S. Fidball, Winchester, Va.
George Richards, Leesburg, Va.
Neilson Poe, Frederick, Md.
y~'IW ? A \ ?. 'untT*i~'/<,-
Of the rates of insurance qf $100 on a single life.
1 year. 7 years. For life. Age. 1 year. 7 years. For life.
72 86 1 53 38 1 48 1 70 3 05
77 88 1 56 39 1 57 1 76 3 11
84 90 1 62 40 1 69 1 83 3 20
86 91 1 65 41 1 78 1 88 3 31
89 92 1 69 42 1 85 1 89 3 40
90 94 1 73 43 1 89 1 92 3 51
91 95 1 77 44 1 90 1 94 3 63
92 97 1 82 45 1 91 1 96 3 73
94 99 i 88 46 1 92 1 98 3 87
97 1 03 1 93 47 1 93 1 99 4 01
99 1 07 1 98 48 1 94 2 02 4 17
1 00 1 12 2 04 49 1 95 2 04 4 49
1 07 1 17 2 11 50 1 96 2 09 4 60
1 12 1 23 2 17 51 J 97 2 20 4 75
1 20 1 28 2 24 52 2 02 2 37 4 90
1 28 1 35 2 31 53 2 10 2 59 5 24
1 31 1 36 2 36 54 2 18 2 89 5 49
1 32 1 42 2 43 55 2 32 3 21 5 78
1 33 1 46 2 50 56 2 47 3 56 6 05
1 34 1 48 2 57 57 2 70 4 20 6 27
1 35 1 50 2 64 58 3 14 4 31 6 50
1 36 1 53 2 76 59 3 67 4 63 6 75
1 39 1 57 2 81 60 4 35 4 91 7 00
1 43 1 63 2 90
PPURKC i n p.eSES. r z ztj YtUr j5 U Tjqix, 'ueap,--lvannoe
OCKET-B OKS, WALLETS, & PURSES. complete for 37 cents, good paper and type.
The subscriber has a variety of the above articles, made Oliver Twist, two volumes complete in one, with engravings,
of the best materials, at the lowest prices. price 37 cents.
L. JOHNSON, The Tor Hill, by Horace Smith, author of" Brambletye
mar 25 Between 1 th and 12th streets, Penn. Av. House," price 37 cents, original price two dollars.
A MERICAN Edition ofMcCulloch's Commercial Transfusion, a novel, by Godwin, three volumes in one, price
Dictionary, with additions by Professor Vethake, a- 37 cents.
Dictionary, with additions byProfessor Vethake, au- Sir Walter Scott's Autobiography, 37 cents, published at one
thor of Vethake's Political Economy.-The first number of this dollar.
valuable work will be ready for distribution in a few days. In ickwick Club,
the mean time, a specimen can be examined at the Bookstore Pckwc lb wth engravings, the whole matter of the ori-
ofF. TAYLOR, where subscriptions will be received. ginal five volumes complete in two, price 87 cents for the set,
The work is issued in a shape convenient for transportation original price $3.
through the mail to any part of the United States, and will be Life of Grimaldi, by Boz, 37 cents, published at $1 25.
forwarded, strongly enveloped, upon application to the adver- Marryatt's novels of the King's Own," Jacob Faithful,"
tiser. ap22 Midshipman Easy," "Pacha of Many Tales," and others,
e ap complete for 25 cents each, together with many other of the
SEY BBOOKS.-A Dictionary of the Church, containing best works of literature and fiction, for sale at the same low
an Exposition of terms, phrases, and subjects connected average of price as the above, at the cheap bookstore of
with the external order, sacraments, worship, and usages of the ap 15 F. TAYLOR.
Protestant Episcopal Church, with an especial reference to the 1FE OF' SCHILLER, by Carlyle, author of the
Church in the United States, by the Rev. W. Saunton. This French Revolution, in one volume, with portrait; com-
also we wish, even your perfection." pretending also an examination of Schiller's works, by the
Also, Shanty, the Blacksmith, a Tale of other Times, by Mrs. same author, price 75 cents, this day received for sale by F.
Sherwood, is this day received and for sale by TAYLOR.
W. M. MORRISON, Also, Koch's Revolutions in Europe, from the decline of the
ap 3 [Glo] Four doors west of Brown's Hotel. Roman Empire in the West, up to the Congress of Vienna.
r ISS SHERBURNE'S TALES.-Imogene, or the Translated by Crichton, I volume of 600 pages, bound, price
L Pirate's Treasure, $1 25.
The Demon's Cave, tales by George Ann Humphreys Slier- The Beauties of History, 1 volume, with many engravings,
burne, just published and for sale by 75 cents. ap 29
WILLIAM FI CHlKR,
may 8 [Glo & Ad] At Stationers' Hall.
S EW BOOKI.-The Cabinet Minister, by Mrs. Gore,
authoress of Hungarian Tales, &c. &c.
Pascal Birno, a Sicilian Story, &c. by Theodore Hook.
The Little Frenchman and his Water Lots, with other
Sketches of the Times, by George P. Morris, with etchings by
Received and for sale at W. M. MORRISON'S Book and
Stationery store, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel. ap 19
UTLER'S BLUE INK, BLACK INK, AND
WRITING FLUIDS.-An entirely new and su-
perior article is this day received for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also just opened a supply of Johnson's Permanent Black Ink,
just imported from London, manufactured without iron or galls,
and warranted not to mould, corrode, precipitate, or decay.
Stephens's Red Fluid.
Stevens's Blue Inks and Fluids, Light-blue, Dark-blue,
Changeable and Unchangeable.
Terry's London Ink, Black, Red, Japan, and Copying.
Do Writing Fluid.
Perry's Pcrryian Fluid for the Perryian Pens.
Arnold's and Felt's Inks and Fluids.
I)obb's Exchequer Ink.
Guvot's French Black Ink.
Red and Black Ink Ponder.
And every article of Stationery constantly kept on hand, se-
ected of the best quality that can be procured, without rele -
ence to cost, and for sale as low as they can be found (having
egard to quality) any where in the United States. may 2
WAN QUILLS.-A small lot, very superior, is just
received, for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also, English Letter and Note Papers
Stevens's Blue and Red Fluids, all kinds
Royal Scarlet Sealing Wax, in boxes
Perry's National Pen, a new article
Perry's Mapping and Lithographic Pens
Desk Weights, large Ivory IJetter Folders
Rodgers's Desk Knives and Erasers
Penknives in great variety.
All at as low prices as the same articles (having regard to
quality) can be found in this country. mar 15
EW 1W BOOKS.-Just published and for sale by W. M.
MORRISON, 4 d ors west of Brown's Hotel, the Naval
History of the United States, by J. Fennimore Cooper, Esq.
2 vols. octavo.
Births, Deaths, and Marriages, by the author of Sayings and'
Doings, Jack Bray, &c.
Also, second number of Jack Sheppard, a Romance, ,by W.
H. Ainsworth, Esq. author of Rookwood, Crichton, &c.
POCKET BIBLES AND PRAYER BOOKS,
various sizes, and the most splendid assortment ever of-
fered in the city, will be sold at very reduced prices.
Between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
AMES'S NEW NOVEL-Charles Tyrrell, or the
Bitter Blood; by G.P. R. James, Esq author of the Hu-
guenot, the Robber, &c.
Historical Sketches of Statesmen who flourished in the time
of George III, to which is added Remarks on Party, with an
appendix, first series, by Henry Lord Brougham, F. R. S. and
member of the National Institute of France, in 2 vols.
Concealment, a Novel, in 2 volumes.
Nicholas Nicklahv. Nn 1/1
EW STATIONERY.-F. TAYLOR is now opening
large supplies of some of the most perfect articles of
Stationery that have been brought to Washington, a considera-
ble portion of which is his own importation ; among it will be
English Letter Papers-very superior white and blue, laid and
ivory surface, plain and gilt, some of it put up in very conveni-
ent cases for the counting loom.
French Letter Paper; English Note Paper.
English Folio Post, entirely of linen, made thin for cheque
"Coronation (Victoria) Sealing Wax," London, 1839, put up
in boxes of one pound each, very superior.
Permanent Ink, manufactured by Johnson & Co., London,
without iron or galls, an entire new article, just imported, and
claiming (for alleged scientific and chemical reasons) to be su-
perior to any other ink or fluid whatever.
Knight's Patent Back-spring Pen," London, 1839, of an
entirely new construction and different action from any of the
pens now in use.
Terry's London Ink-black, red, japan and copying, and
Terry's Ink-powder; Ivory Wafer-stands.
Stevens's blue and red fluid, changeable and unchangeable.
Windle's Swan Quill Metallic Pens.
Butler's Piemium Writing Fluid, an entirely new article.
And many other articles of Stationery too numerous to men-
tion, all of the best quality that money can procure, which will
be sold as low (having regard to the quality) as the same arti-
cles can be bought for in the United States. ap 19
L ECTURES upon the history of St. Paul, delivered dur-
ing Lent at the Church of the Holy Trinity, Upper Chel-
sea, by the Rev. H. Blunt, A. M., rector of Upper Chelsea, and
formerly fellow of the Pembroke College, Cambridge.
Just received and for sale at MORRISON'S Book and Sta-
tionery store, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
mar 6 [Ilobe I
EW BOOKS.-The Cabinet Minister, a novel, by
SMrs. Gore, author of Mothers and Daughters, is this day
received for sale by F. TAYLOR, or for circulation among the
subscribers to the Waverley Circulating Library.
Bakewell's Geology,a new and enlarged edition, (1839,)ed-
ited by Professor Silliman.
Sedgwick's Public and Private Economy, part third.
Pothier on Contracts, translated from the French, 1 volume
Book of the Constitution, (British,) I volume octave, London.
The Complete Works of Ben Jonson, edited by Barry Corn-
wall, I volume octavo, London.
Low'sPractical Agriculture, 1 volume octavo, London.
Lyell's new work on Geology, 1 volume, London.
And many other new English works, of which the list will
be continued. ap 15
V VICTORIA SHELL TUCK-COMBS.--Just re-
ceived an additional supply of the above beautiful combs,
warranted tortoise shell, various sizes, at factory prices.
Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store, between l th and 12streets,
Pennsylvania avenue, ap 5
JUST RECEIVED, and for sale by W. M. MORRI-
SON, four doors west of Brown's Hotel, The American
Mechanic, by Charles Quill, second edition.
Also, The Lofty and the Lowly Way, by Mr. Sherwood.
Also, Forbid Them Not, or, The Hindrance which Prevents
Little Children from Coming to Christ, by S. E. Dwight.
an 5 rGlobel
DINNER AND BALL
AT THE POTOMAC PAVILION,
ON THE FOURTH OF JULY.
A N elegant Dinner will be prepared at the Potomac Pavi-
lion, Piney Point, on the 4th of July, for a numerous
company, and suitable for the celebration of the day.
The Declaration of Independence will be read, and an Ora-
tion delivered by a gentleman from Washington, in the large
Saloon, at 12 o'clock.
The Marine Band will be in attendance during the day and
evening, when the Saloon will be used as a Ball room.
For the dinner, Sea Turtle will be provided, and all the other
luxuries of the season. The best wines and liquors will be fur-
nished at moderate rates.
Price for the day, including dinner, supper, and ball, $2.
STHE STEAMBOAT CO-
LUMBIA, Capt. MITCHELL,
will leave Washington on Wed-
nesday evening, 3d July, at 7
o'clock, and Alexandria at 8 o'clock, for Piney Point, and will at-
tend to signals at all landings on the river. The Columbia will
leave the Point on Thursday night at 10 o'clock, stopping at the
various landings with passengers, arriving early next morning.
Passage for the trip and breakfast returning, only $3.
gIf Alexandria Gazette daily till 3d July, inclusive.
IJEW DRY GOODS STORE.-The subscribers
have taken the store formerly occupied by Mr. Samuel
Robinson, and recently by Mr. A. Holinead, corner of 8th
street, and opposite Centre Market, where they have opened
an extensive assortment of seasonable dry goods, consisting in
part as follows;
Black Italian Lustrings
Black and blue-black Poilt de Soies
Plain and figured colored Poult de Soies
Pink, blue, straw, and white Gros de Naps
Printed Lawns and Muslins
Plain and hem-stitched linen cambric Handkerchiefs
Long Lawns and Linen Cambrics
Swiss, book, and jaconet Muslins
Hosiery, Ribands, Gloves, &c.
Umbrellas and Parasols
Superior English straw Bonnets
Misses' Hoods (all sizes)
Boys' palm leaf Hats, &c. &c.
Which will be sold on the best of terms. The Public are re-
spectfully invited to call and examine before they purchase.
june 27-eo3t RILEY, PERRY & CO.
INGILE PARIS-WROUGHT COLLARS, &c.
We offer a large assortment of French Single Collars,
from $1 25 to $2 eich, fine quality, and at very reduced
Also, 3 cartoons rich French-worked Capes, of large size,
which will be sold at one-third the original price, viz. from
$7 50 to $10 each.
Also, rich lace-trimmed Collars, with four rows of lace, and
frilled Collars, of superfine and medium qualities, from $1 50
to 86 each. Bargains will be sold in any of the above goods,
witl rich Valenciennes and other laces.
june 27-3t J. B. WINGERD & CO.
JEW IFLORENCE BRAID BONNETS.-We
A1 have again received-
2 lots fine Florence Braid Bonnets
1 case super colored Nuns' do
1 do medium do do
2 do colored broad brim men's and boy's Hats.
Together with a large assortment of desirable Dry Goods,
which will be sold at reduced prices, as the season is advancing.
june 27-3t WM. & GEO. STETTINIUS.
Orphans' Court of Washington County, District of
RDERED that all persons having any claims, as lega-
tees or otherwise, to any part of the personal estate of the
late Peter Lenox, distributable in pursuance of the last account
of the Executors, and the order of distribution dated the 21st
instant, be notified and required to exhibit to this Court the
specific amounts, so respectively claimed, on or before Friday,
the 5th day of July next; and that this order be published
three times a week for two weeks in two daily papers of the
city of Washington. NATH. P. CAUSIN.
True copy--Test: EDW. N. ROACH,
june 26--3raw2w (Glo) Register of Wills.
OTICE.--TO LET.-The handsomely finished frame
house, at present occupied by Mr. Wm. B. Laub, situ-
ated between his store on the corner of 6th and H streets,
and the house occupied by me. It has every convenience for
a private family. Will not be rented as a boarding house. It
has eight rooms and a kitchen, and attached are a smoke-house,
wood-house, and a pump of excellent water in the yard.
Possession can be had on the 1st of July by applying to the
subscriber, next door.
lune 27-3t JAS. B. PHILLIPS.
OW AND CALF SUPPOSED TO BE STO-
LEN.-Yesterday the subscriber committed to jail, as a
runaway slave, a black man calling himself JlM, and some-
times BILL. At the time he was taken up he was offering for
sale a cow and calf; the cow appears to be about 4 years old,
red and white, with small horns; the calf is about two weeks
old, red and white.
The owner of the above described cow and calf is requested
to come forward, prove property, pay charges, and take them
away. JAMES MARSHALL,
june 26-3t Justice of the Peace.
J FOR RENT-The spacious and convenient three-
story brick House near St. John's church, for several
years occupied by ex-President Adams.
may 10-wtf [Glo] Attorney for the Proprietor.
OARDING, BOARDING.--The subscriber can
accommodate a few more with genteel board, by appli-
cation to him, at Beltsville, Md. one of the healthiest places in
the known world, where the cars stop four times a day to let
out and receive passengers, and take in their usual supply of
water. There is also the advantage of a post office, physician,
&c. at this place.
june24.-- JNO. T. HOLTZMAN.
AINTED LAWNS.-Opened this day
10 pieces superior Painted Lawns
15 do Medium do
20 do Painted Cambrics, at 25 cents
june 24-eo3t [Globe] A.: W. & J. E. TURNER.
M- OUSSELINES DE LAINES.-
15 pieces White Ground Mousselines de Laines
28 do Colored do do
Black and second Mourning do
The above goods will be sold cheap by
june 24-co3t [Globe] A. W. & J. E. TURNER.
IXTY THOUSAND SUPERIOR QUILLS.-
Just received at Stationers' Hall sixty thousand of No.
80 Quills, which are said by the largest Manufacturer in New
York to be the only genuine No. 80 now for sale in the coun-
try. [Adv] june 25
SOTICE.-Those persons indebted to the late firm of 1.
MUDD & CO. in open account, due bills, &c. are res-
pectfully requested to call and settle the same with the sub-
All accounts and dues not paid or satisfactorily adjusted by
the first day of July will be placed in the hands of an officer for
june 20-3t I. MUDD.
-IVE DOLLARS REWARD.-Strayed or stolen,
F on the 2d instant, from Mr. George A. Smoot, the pro-
prietor of the Good Hope Tavern, near the eastern end of the
lower bridge across the Eastern Branch of Potomac, a light bay
horse, about 15 or 16 hands high, fine mane and tail, hind feet
while, head or face a little crooked and inclined to the left.
The above reward will be paid for the delivery of said horse
to the subscriber, near Mr. Smoot's.
june 19-eo3t JAS. J. JARBOE.
FOR RENT.-That convenient two-story Brick
S House on F street, between 13th and 14th, now occu-
S pied by Elexius Simms, Esq. Possession can be had
in a few days. Inquire of Mr. Simms.
june 17-2aw2w [Globe]
S'1O FARMERS AND COUNTRY STORE-
I KEEPERS.-The subscribers will receive Wool of
all grades in exchange for dry goods, at reduced prices, at their
store, corner of 11th street and Pennsylvania Avenue.
june 27-eo6t RICARDS, GIBBS & CO.
ELECTIONS FROM THE ENGLISH Poets,
from Spenser to Beattie, embellished with Portrait, and
Also, the Life of the Rev. George Crabbe, LL. D. by his son,
the Rev. George Crabbe, A. M. is for sale by W. M. MORRI-
SON, four doors west of Brown's Hotel.
IFUE AT THE SPRINGS OF WESTERN
VIRGINIA, by Mark Pencil, Esq. in I volume, is just
published and this day received for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Warm Spring Mountain-Warm Springs-Hot Springs--
Callaghan's-White Sulphur Springs-Discovery-
Amusements-Society-Pic Nics-Deer Hunt-
Salt Sulphur-Red Sulphur-Gray Sulphur-Blue Sulphur-
Sweet Springs-Bridge of Sighs-Lewisburg-
Autumn in the Mountains-Journal of a Lady during a sea-
son at the White Sulihnr-Skptchpe of Chairator ,,. *
-momwr- -- W..-i~a~