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Daily national intelligencer
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 Material Information
Title: Daily national intelligencer
Alternate title: National intelligencer
Sunday national intelligencer
Physical Description: v. : ; 50-60 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Gales & Seaton
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C.
Creation Date: May 7, 1838
Publication Date: 1813-
Frequency: daily (except sunday)[feb. 6, 1865-]
daily[ former 1813-feb. 5, 1865]
daily
normalized irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microform from Readex Microprint Corp., and on microfilm from the Library of Congress.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1, 1813)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1869.
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended Aug. 24-30, 1814.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02260099
lccn - sn 83026172
System ID: UF00073214:00017
 Related Items
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. : 1810)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Succeeded by: Washington express
Succeeded by: Daily national intelligencer and Washington express

Full Text







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VOL. XXVI.


. WASHINGTON:- MONDAY, 'MAY


7, 1838. '


.No. 7872


SDEBAT.E IN T.HE- .
HOUSE 'OF. REPRESE NATIVESS,

REMOVAL OF THE TREASURY BUILDING.

TUgSDAY, APRIL 17, 1838..
The House having gone into Committee of the Whole
on the state of the Union, (Mr. PoPr; of Kentucky, in the
chair,) took up for consideration the following bill:
A BILL.providing for the removal of the walls of the Treasury
building, and for the erection of a fire-proof building for the
Post Office Department.. .
Be it enacted, 4$-c. That the President of th& United States
be, and he hereby is,.authorized to cause the unfinished walls of
the Treasury building, now in the process of construction, to be
taken down, and the materials to be removed and applied to the
construction ora fire:proofbiUilding of such dimensions and upon
such plap of arrangement as may be required for the use and ac-
commodatiop f the Post .Office Department, on the site of the
Post Office building.recently,destroyed by fire ; and, for this
purpose, that he be authorized to employ 'a skilful architect to
prepare and submit- to him the -necessary plans for the proper
construction of .nehn'tbildinag, having regard'to the use of the
materials aforehaid, which, being approved by him, shall he con-
formed toin the erection of the structure. And the said archi-
tect may be continued in the superintendence ofthe construction
of thie building, or another employed in that service, as the Pro-
sident may judge best.
Sec. '. And be it further enacted, That; for the erection of
the building authorized by the first, section of this act, in addi-.
tion to the materials to be removed and applied theretoas there-
in mentioned, there bp, and" hereby is,-appropriated, the sum
of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, out of any money in
the Treasury not otllerwvise appropriated by-law.
Mr. LINCOLN (chairman of the Committee on Public
.Buildings and Public'Grounds, who had reported the bill)
addressed the committee' in substance as follows: "
Mr. Chairman: The report which accompanies the bill,
and whichh is on the tables of gentlemen, explains the views
of the commiittee, and presents the general reasons upon
which the measure proposed is to be sustained. I might
be content to rest here. the merits of the proposition, and
wait the objections (if'any) which are to be urged against
it, had.not circumstances, extraneous to'the matter of the'
report,.and subsequent to it's presentation to the House,
admonished me of the-propriety of being well understood
in the outset of this discussion. An appeal from the judg-
ment and recommendation of the committee has been al-.
ready made,.by the architect of the buildings, to the House
and the country;' and I am anxious that no misapprehen-
sion-should exist in the minds of members as to the course
of proceeding, the statement of Tacts, or the results, which
are intended' to be presented. There are, indeed, certain
minor and subordinatee considerations, not particularly ad-
'yerted'to in the report, which are proper to be connected
with the subject of inquiry, and will serve to assist to-a bet-
ter understanding of the occasion of the. bill.
.The new Treasury building is being constructed, under,
the authority of the fifth section of the act of July 4, 1836,
which is in' the following words: "
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the President of the
'United States be, .and he hereby is, authorized to cause to be
erected,'on or near the site of the former Treasury building, or,
on any other public lot which he may select, a fire-proof build-
ing of such dimensions as may be required for the present and
future accommodations of the Treasury Department, upon such'
plan, and of such materials, as he may deem most advantage-
ous ; and that, for this purpose, there be appropriated, out of
any money in tbhe Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum
of one hundred thousand dollars.
Here, Mr. Chairman, is the authority under which the
work was commenced and is proceeding. The law requir-
ed three distinct acts to be done by the President, which in
their character were previous, and necessarily prerequisite,
to the construction of the building. First, in their proper
order, he was to select a site, either near the old Treasury,
or some other, as his judgment should prefer ; second, to
determine upon the plan and dimensions of the structure,
and in the latter to see that *they were sufficient for the
present and future probable occasions of the Department;
and third, as indispensable connected with the other two,
to appoint an'Irchitect for the work. If the building is
'notv ill-placed and defective, or'otherwise obnoxious to the
objections urged- in the report, it arises from a default in
the execution of the trust confided to the President in one
or all the above particulars, or it has resulted from incapa-
city or unfaithfulness in the mode of construction by the
architect.- It is a necessary duty to.show where the fault
lies, that the mind. may be disabused of prejudice which
partial or party considerations may interpose' to the correc-
tion, as far asmay now be, of manifold and important errors.
The-act, as I have before shown, passed on the.4th of
*July,'1836, the very day, as I recollect, of the adjourn-
ment of the session of Congress. I now hold in my hand,
Mr. Chairman, evidence of the time and manner in which
the late. President of the United States discharged that
part of the duty which Congress had devolved upon him.
It is contained in a paper which I will send to the table,
and ask to have read by the Clerk.:
It was read in the following words:
SUnder the act of Congress, authorizing the President of
the United States to cause a Treasury Building and Patent
Office.to be erected, I hereby designate the Comtmissioner of
the Public.Buildings to superintend generally the detailed mo-"
difications of plans for them, the advertising and forming of the
contracts, and the whole disbursements thereon; and to enable
him to keep. the accounts, 'make the payments, and prepare
vouchers for settlement, and conduct the other correspondence
relating thereto, I authorize him to ehiploy a clerk at not over
$900 a year, .to be paid equally out of the appropriations fior said
objects. I further appoint Robert Mills az architect, to aid in
forming the plans, making proper changes therein flom time to
time, and seeing to the erection of said buildings in substantial
conformity to the plans hereby adopted; which are, in their
general outlines to be, as to the Treasury Building, that annex-
ed bir said Mills--and as to the Patent Office, that annexed by
Mr. Elliot; the former building to be erected on the old site, and
the latter one on the.square north of the Post Office.
ANDREW JACKSON.
-Washington City, July 6 1936.
Mr. Chairman,. resumed Mr. LINCOLN, it is important
* that- the date 'of this document should be regarded. It
will be observed to be the 6th of July, the second day af-
ter that on which the act was passed. Here, sir, we find that


within- forty-eight hours of the enactment of the law, in
the bustle of an adjournment of Congress, and the fatigue
and lassitude occasioned by its protracted sessions, and the
heavy pressure of business at its close, the duties required
of the President 'in relation to the selection of the site,
on .a view and consideration of all the circumstances which
should" enter into the decision of such a matter, the prefer-
enceof a plan, upon a comparison of many which might be
presented of different. designs of construction, and the ap-.
,poihtment of an architect, were all performed.. It would,
indeed, seem, upon a superficial, thought, that much more
opportunity for consideration should.have been given to
either of these objects, especially to an inquiry for an ap-
propriate plan. The future occasions of the Department,
even if the present were'kn9wn, involved. large scope for
contemplation. Who can limit in imagination.even the
growing business.of this.mightir Republic'T But, sir, I inr
tend not to imptte blame to the Executive for this appa-
rent. precipitation. On the contrary, under the circumstan-
ces which I'shall state, I hold him acquitted of fault there-'
in. It will be remembered by those who were members of
former Congresses, .that 'this 'subject of the erection of a
Treasury building had engaged for several sessions the at-
tention df'tbeCommittee'on Public Buildings. Nurnerous
and very different plans had beer offered for their adop-
tion, and, 'at length, a pteferted one,.'presented by Mr. El-
Hiot, an architect in this city, was suspended in' the lobby.
For weeks it was made subject to the inspection 'of the
members of the House, and remained upon the wall' at the
date of the passage of the bill. At the same time Mr.


1 '~''~'


for inquiry and examination afforded'by a single interven-
ing day between the passage-of the law, and the perform-
ance of the Executive trust in all t-hese particulars. '
But, sir, I have said, I impute'no fault to the late Pi'esident
of the United States for this seeming precipitancy of ac-
tion. He had reason td believe the architect previously
employed by the authority of the House honest and ca-
pable," and with the sustaining recommendations which he
exhibited of sufficient skill and experience for the tabk.
He might well also rely, that one who should be appointed
to carry into.effect the design of Congress would adopt, as
a guide to his conduct,.the plan which received'the prefer,
ence of the committee, arid had at least the taeit approval
of ihe House. The site also was' indicated in the law, by
the mention of its proximity to the old. Treasury building,'
unless a preference should be given to some other place.-
Besides, it is again to be regarded that" the President was,
at this time, worn down by the- .labors.and confinement at-
.tendant upon a .protracted session of Con'gress, and the
weakness and infirmity of impaired .health, and within-a
few days left the city for that relaxation from' arduous du-.
ties which had become necessary to the restoration of ex-
hausted strength. The necessary, application to the.more
important business of the nation upon his return, -imme-
diately preceding the following session of Congress,' and
his subsequent severe and continued sickness, precluded all
further attention,- and doubtless the' bestowment of any
thought upon the subject until the close of his term of of-
fice, on the 4th of March of the last year. In the mean
time. the work of construction had been commenced by the
architect, the position of the.building had" been fixed, and
its foundations laid, arid the structure was rising to view.
To whatever objection it might now have been exposed,
there seemed no power for .interposition. It is understood
that representations were made to the present Executive
unfavorable to the site.and plan of the work. But the of-
fice of the law had been already fulfilled in these' particu-
lars. He'rightly deemed that it was not within his pro-
vince to change the location once determined upon, or to
interfere with a plan of construction supposed to have been
approved by his predecessor in office, and the building has
thus been suffered to proceed..
'Mr. Chairman, (continued Mr. LINCOLN,) I have thought
it'not irrelevant to present the circumstances under which
the architect Was appointed, and the site and plan of the
building were designated, tO preclude any misapprehension
o'f the personal application of the objections which the
committee have urged to the design and execution of the
work. Sir, I should deprecate the excitement of party-
feeling from a'supposed implication of the conduct, either
in act dr neglect, of the late or present Executive in this
matter. This is no party affair. The report of the com-
mittee, now upon your table, has the unanimous consent of
gentlemen of both political parties, a majority of them the
friends of the Administration. It truly presents, with the
bill, the result of the deliberationsof many weeks, most la-
boriously and "faithfully devoted to the examination of the
subject, and is entitled to all the confidence which patient
inquiry and impartial judgment, with whatever capacity
the committee possess, may claim. It is to be borne
in mind also that it is not the work of the committee of this
House only. Underja resolution of the other-branch, con-'
curred in here, we have brought to our aid the consenta-
neous advice and opinions of a committee of that body.
Again I say, therefore, this is no party matter, and the in-
dications abroad or in this House that it may be made so,
are to be received with tio sentiments but of reproof
and regret. For myself, I shall continue to treat the sub-'
ject, as I have hitherto -regarded it, as one of business
merely, a transaction having relation to property, aside from
politics, in which the Administration, and those who op-'
pose it have a like concern, under the law, to see that the
Government obtain those accommodations which, conve-
nience and the public interest have demanded. I full well
know that it is a dry and uninviting topic; but I would fain
hope for that attention to it from this committee which its
bearing upon the Treasury and its importance to the coun-'
try should secure.
I proceed now to consider the objections to the building,
and to show where and with whom the responsibility lies
Sfor its defects. The report which accompanies the bill
points to the position of the building, the plan of its con-
struction, and the insecurity of the-work, for the former-;
and to the architect appointed by the President, for the
latter. In the judgment of the committee,.with the'archi-
tect, and with him alone, rests the fault for whatever cause
of complaint justly exists.' And here, let me remark- that,
in arriving at this conclusion, no unfavorable bias pre-oc-
cupied the minds of the members, to the prejudice of Mr.
Mills. For myself, I may truly say, that my preposses-
sions had been altogether in his favor; and, throughout
the whole process of inquiry and examination by the com-
mittee, he was uniformly treated with a delicacy and ten-
derness towards his feelings and professional reputation,
but ill requited in the extraordinary appeal which he has
thought proper to prefer. It is now made painfully my
duty, in discussing the principal subject, to connect with
it an exposition .of the incapacity or misconduct of the ar-
chitect, for either the committee are wholly unjustified in
their report, or to one or both of these causes are to be as-
cribed the errors of which they complain.
On the very threshold of their inquiries, the attention of
the committee was directed to the actual position of the
new Treasury building, in reference to the site. They
saw that, with a greatly extended front, it was placed on an
inclined plane of rapid elevation, and so protruded upon
the line of the contiguous street, as to admit of no relief to
the unequal height of the base, and an inconvenient ac-
cess to the rooms. Moreover, it was brought, with its un-
finished walls, into such near proximity to the office of the
present State Department, as to indicate a design in the
architect, if not to create a necessity, for the removal and
destruction of that edifice. An examination of the inte-
rior'arrangement of the structure suggested objections to
the passage ways, and to the imperfect light which could
be received into parts of the building. It was upon such
observations, Mr. Chairman, that the architect was first
called upon to explain the plan of his work. Sir, it is pro-
per I should state that it was his inability to do this in a
satisfactory manner, which induced to subsequent and
more critical inquiries into the matter. When asked the


occasion for precipitating the building to the line of the
street, and carrying the unfinished walls to the side of the
building occupied by the State Department, his excuse was,
the positive command of General Jackson to preserve the
building of the State Department, and the necessity, there-
fore, of conforming the walls to the position of the old edi-
fice, with a view of connecting them with it. When it was
pointed out to him that this object had not been regarded,
inasmuch as the line of colonnade of the new structure was
several feet in advance, while the principal wall receded as
far from the front line of the old building, his reply was,
that the front of th.e old building was to be cut off, and the
colonnade extended. It was then suggested 'to him that
this would necessarily occasion the destruction of all the
front roomsof that building. He said the front rooms'
mustfbe taken away. When asked how he would dispose
of the chimneys in that-case, his reply was, they must be
taken down also. It was remarked to him, by the com-
mittee, that the windows of the State Department did not
correspond -with those of the" new building; his answer
was, they must be altered and made to conform. It was
further objected', that the buildings were of different num-
ber and height of stories, that the floors were not on the
'same level, that the passage ways did not 'coincide, and
would not admit of communications with each other ; and
now it was that the architect admitted, for the first time,
that there.could be no conformity short of an entire change'
in the interior, and mostly so of the exterior structure of
the old building; and it. might be best to take it entirely
away. Thus, the new building had been forced into an
inconvenient and improper position, and arranged upon an


subject, that of 6th J'uly, 1836,- which has been iead, and
which is both the.evidence. of the execution of his duty in
the designation of the site, and lis authority to the archi-'
tect to engage in the construction of the work, he directs,
in so many terms, that the Treasury' building be.erected
on the old site." In connexion with this, we have the
word of the architect himself that he was specially.-enjoin-
ed to preserve the State Department. Indeed, the instruc-
tions could not have been otherwise; nor, in the absence
of instructions, could any other interpretation have bden
driven to the law. -This latter-building was comparatively
new. It had been 'erected since the last war with Great
Britain, of durable materials, in a substantial manner, and
at a cost exceeding the sumi of one 'hundred and thirty
thousand dollars. rIhe.reference by the President.for the
sile of the new.building was to the old Treasury.; and,
by enjoining the preservation of the State Department, he,
in effect; prohibited all interference with it. Sir, whatever
may be the pretence that the President approved or under-
stood the present position and extent of the new building,
"it is utterly inconsistent with the little'attention which he
.had opportunity to giveto the subject, and repugnant alike
to his written designation of the site, and his more explicit
verbal direction' to the architect. "
Nor is the architect better sustained in the plan which
he is now prosecuting for the-completion 6f the building.,
It is not the plan selected by General Jackson. I say this
advisedly. The plan of present execution could, not have
been the plan'of original design, upon which the building
.was authorized to be constructed. Does any one doubt of
this ? Let him but examine the foundations and present
state of the'structure, and regard the clear indications, to
'the necessary mode.of its completion. The whole design
of the architect is to be seen in the drawing now suspend-
ed in the lobby, behind the bar. It presents the elevation"
'of an-edifice of given dimensions, corresponding with the
front Walls'oT the present building, extended over the site
occupied by the State Department, and 'with' a-north- wing
covering the whole foundation of the latter building. It
exhibits a corresponding wing at the south, and a projec-
tion of like proportion in the centre.. Such, Mr. Chair-
man, are the outlines of the plan,.and such the sure indi-
cations, from the actually existing state, of the work, of
the intention of the architect to.its execution.. Was such
plan ever approved by the Executive? And, from the con-
sideration that it must destroy the very thing 'which the late
President insisted should be preserved, (the building'of the
State Department,) the committee found, in the explanation.
of the plan given to. them by the architect, a -conclusive
fact- against the possibility of there havifig been such ap-
proval. Upon. inquiry into the designs upon the drawing
of the south wing of the building, it was said to be intend-
ed for the accommodation of the POST OFFICE Dejpart-
ment. And surely such an object could not have been
contemplated by General Jackson in July, 1836. At-that
time,.no want existed of such accommodation. The Post
Office Department -had then a convenient.and appropriate
building, and it was months after when the conflagration
which caused its destruction could have rendered any
-thought of this further 'provision proper. Sir, there must
be some mistake in this matter. In the very loose and
indefiniite terms of the.commission given to the. architect
may bd found the source of much of the present difficulty;
IHe is there authorized to aid in foiming.the plans, mak-
ing proper changes therein from time to time ;" and these
changes it's that lay at the foundation of all the mischief.'
It was this authority which has substituted for the simple,
neat, convenient, and economical plan of Mr. Elliot, which
had been approved by the committee, the complex, ornate,
incongruous, and extravagant design of the present archi-
tect; which, instead of improving a bad site by the judi-
cious position of an appropriate edifice, has added to the
inconvenience of place by the faulty arrangement of an
imperfect and unauthorized structure. r T_
.Mr. Chairman, lest 1 should be thought to press this
point of objection beyond the degree of consideration to
which it may be entitled, I beg leave to refer to a docu-
ment which has not before come to the notice of the com-
mittee, to show that the design of the building, and conse-
quently the expense involved in its completion, is not even
now understood by the Government. In a communication
made during the present session to the House by the Pre-
sident of the United States, in answer to a resolution mov-
ed at the special session, I believe, by the gentleman from
Vermont, (Mr. EVERETT,) is the following statement :
As the 5th section of the act of July 4, 1836, under the au
thority of which this building has been commenced, provided
only for the erection of an edifice of such dimensions as may be
required for the present and future accommodation of the Trea-
sury Department, the size of the structure has been adapted to'
that purpose, and it'ss not contemplated to appropriate any part
of the building to the use of any other Department."
Sir, I would.respectfully ask, what is "the size of the.
structure" now in the process of erection ? We have the
plan of the building. We see its foundations, and the pre-
sent state of its walls; and where and how are these to ter-
minate ? They are now open at both ends, more nearly
resembling the tunnel of a railroad than the dimensions"
of a building. Again, the President says:
As. it is understood, however, that the plan of the edifice ad-
mits of its being completed either with or without wings, and
that, if Congress should think proper, accommodation may be
provided, by means of wings, consistently with the harmony of
the original design, for the Department of State and the Gene-
ral Post Office, it is not thought that the public interest requires
any change in thIe location or plan," &c.
A report from the architect to the President is the au-
thority for the understanding that the plan of the build-
ing admits of its being conplh-ted with or without wings."
Mr. Chairman, I much fear that the confidence of the Pre-
sident has been abused in this matter. Sir, the plan of the
building is of a building with wings, and the plan cannot
be executed without them. The main entrance's would
otherwise be cut off, and in no way else can the ends of the
building now be finished, without violating every rule of
architectural order. Your committee repeatedly and care-
fully inquired into this subject, and I feel well assured that
there can be no completion of the presentparts of the build-
ing, no harmony of the original design," but with the
addition of the wings. This miapprehension of the Pre-
sident is the assigned cause, too, why "it is not thought
that the public interest requires any change in the location


or plan." It may be fair to infer, that, with more correct
information from the architect, his conclusion would have
been different in this respect also.
I have thus endeavored to show that the intentions of
Congress in the'passage of the law have not been regarded,
either in the designation of the site by the President for the
precise location of the building, or the selection by him of
the definite plans for its construction, but that the architect,
availing himself of the opportunity which the absence or
sickness of the late Chief Magistrate afforded, and under
a misapprehension of facts, induced in the mind of his.suc-
cessor, has substituted the dictates of his own judgment, or
taste, or interest, both in the design and the location of
the edifice. The work derives no sanction from the au-
thority which was to direct to its construction; and the con-
sideration of its defects, whatever theyfmay be, is disem-
barrassed of all other reference than to their intrinsic cha-
racter.
It was, Mr. Chairman, from the unsatisfactory result of
their own observations, that the Committee on Public
Buildings proposed to the President to be permitted to call
to their aid the advice of some skilful, experienced, and uin-
prejudiced artist. Their application was promptly respond-
ed to, and, by the appointment of the President, Thomas
U. Walter, Esq. an architect of high and deserved celebri-
ty, then and now in charge of the construction of the Gi-
rard College, in the city of Philadelphia, -one of the most
costly and magnificent structures -which ever adorned any
age or nation, was engaged in their service. The report of.
this gentleman is upon the desks of members, and to the


fled, unbiassed, and unprejudiced witness and judge of
the work, In the report of Mr.'Parris, appended to the
printed report of the committee, we have the opinion of.an
architect to whose science, eminent skill, and.large experi-
ence in his profession, the highest testimonials were offered,
and whose judgment in the matter it will ill become less
instructed and competent men to-resist. That judgment
is in accordance with the report of Mr. Walter, and.con-
demns the structure, in its design and progress, from the
very inception of the plan to its present point of execution.
Mr. Chairman, it has been the occupation and the duty
of some portion of my life to consider the character of hui-
man testimony, to- analyze, compare,' and weigh facts'
and circumstances, and to arrive at conclusions from the
prevailing power and force of evidence. The situation of'.
witnesses is no inconsiderable element in the credit which
should bWe given to their testimony.- On the subject' under
discussion, we have, on the one hand, the confident assur-
anceof the architect of the building in the fitness and tho-
roughness of the work, and, on the other, the impeachment,
by'two artists, both of the plan and execution.
I have before referred to the different positions in which
these gentlemen stand to the subject; the one iinplicated in
his conduct, his professional reputation involved, and- the
continuance of his employment here, perhaps, depending
upon the issue of this investigation ;'the others involunta-
rily brought from a distance to an examination of the work,
pteviously'unapprized of its supposed defeats, uncommitted
.by the expression of any previous -opinion, and to be af-'
fected by ho possible result. The-preponderatirig claim to
confidence might well be determined from these considera-
tions alone. But there are other circumstances which are
"proper to be brought to view in this connexion. The ar-
chitect of the building, in his report to the-committee, chal-
lenges what he is pleased.to term the theory of the otherar-
tists against his. long and successful practice, 'and, in sup-
port 'of the latter, points "to numerous fire-proof buildings.
erected by me" in SoUth Carolina, and to some of the
custom-houses designed by me, and erected within the last
five or six years in New England," particularly at Newbu-
ryport and New Bedford, in.Massachusetts, and New Lon-
don and Middletown, Connecticut; and to the c'ustom-
house stores in Baltimore, now.uynder construction, and Je-
signed by me-as a fire-pr oof building." -
- Mr. Chairman, in respect to his claims to merit for the
design of 'the custom-house stores in. Baltimore,. I beg to
have read a letter from the architect employed in the erec-
tion of that building, addressed to an honorable member of
this House, which I-send to the table. *
BALTIMORE, APRIL 11, 1838.
To Hon. B. C. HOWARD; -
RESPECTED SIR : I have. taken the liberty of intruding on
your time by asking the favor of you to explain to the President
of the United States an error I have seen in Mr. Robert Mills's.
(architect) reply to Mr. Lincoln, and the.architects Mr. Thomas
U.. Walter and Mr. Alexajider Partis, on the inefficiency of the
structure of the Treasury building. Mr. Mills says, i'n his re-
ply, "the custom-house store in Baltimore, now under con-
struction, designed by me." Sir,.this assertion is altogether
erroneous, as I. will prove to yod. From the first day, I was em-
ployed by the Commissioners, Messrs. Joseph White a'nd James
Ho'ward, appointed to 'have this house constructed. On enter-
ing.on my duties the first day, the Commissioners laid before
me a general plan, and other., skeohes and plans designed by
Mr. ,Mills, engineer and architect, and other plans designed by
Colonel Small, of Baltilnore, .with inbtruetions.that" I should ex-
amine those plans-carefully until the'next day, when they would
meet, and I should report to them my opinion of the plans, whe-
ther there was any that I would recommend at their meeting.- I
made an unfavorable report, not accepting any of the plans sub-
mitted for my consideration. I was then instructed by the Corn-
missioners to make drawings, and at as early a.period as possi-
ble, and submit them for their considerationn. Ojp their exam-
ining my plans they approved-of them. They sent the plans to
Washington for examination, and they werb there approved, sent-
back to thle Commissioners, and I hate built by them in "this
particular way.
I cannot see how Mr. Mills can claim, in his reply to the re-
port of the committee of the House of Representatives, that he
designed the plans of the custoni-house store in Baltimore.
Sir, this assuml-tion on the part of Mr. Mills I deem an injus-
tice to me as a mechanic and draughtsman, who can design his
own plans of edifices, and execute their construction afterwards.
I will not trespass on your 'time, as I know it is all-import-
ant, kut would beg of you the favor to inform the President and
the Committee on Public Buildings of the grievances of which L
complain. Your obedient and.humble servant,
JOHN F. HOSS,
Mr. Chairman, I apprehend that, upon inquiry, the ar-
chitect will be found scarcely more meritorious in relation
to some of the buildings to which he has called the attein-
tion of the committee, as designed by him, and erected in
New England. If, by the use of these terms, he intends
only that he furnished plans and drawings for such build-
ings, or, in respect. to some of them, that he directed the
mode of construction and order of work, I have no au-
thority to gainsay the expression; but that, in any other
sense, he erected or designed the buildings, or, in regard
to some of them, knows even in what manner they were.
executed, I may be permitted to doubt. In one thing, at
least,; he is, as I am informed, greatly mistaken. He
claims that, at the time of his engagement upon the cus-
tom-houses in Massachusetis, he "found not a single
bricklayer that knew how to turn a groin;" and that up
to that day, such a thing as a brick-groin was not to be
found in New England." Sir, against this pretension of
vanity, it has been stated to me, from a source not to be
questioned, that long before Mr. Mills ever saw New Eng-
land, or had himself turned a groin," the Massachusetts
General Hospital, in Boston, one of the noblest structures
in that beautiful city, abounding in public edifices of the
most approved models, had been constructed. In its base-
ment story upon precisely the same principle of arch-
ing; and that the practice was there well understood and
familiar to mechanics. The fact imports but little of itself,
but may serve to disabuse the public mind of false confidence'-
in the genius and experience of the architect.
And here I gladly dismiss both the Architect of the
Public Buildings and his report to the committee from
further consideration. It seemed to me necessary to have
bestowed upon them thus much particularity of attention,
as upon the degree of credit to which they are entitled may,
in a great degree, depend the disposition of the subject-
matter under discussion. Sir, I again repeat, that, in what


I have said, I indulge in no unkind feeling towards the
individual. It is to the merits of his work of construction,
to his capacity and fidelity in the service in which he has
been engaged, and to the effect of his labors upon the pub-
lic interest, to these, and to these alone, as brought to the
view of the committee, within the scope of their duty to'
the House and to the country, that I have directed my re-
mark-. I now pass to the provisions of the bill itself, and
to the grounds upon which it is sustained by the committee
'by whom it has been reported.
The first proposition contained in the bill is, an author-
ity to the President of the United States "to cause the
unfinished walls of the Treasury building, now in the pro-
gress of construction, to be taken down ;" and the report
of the Committee on the Public Buildings justifies the
proposition, by representations of the unsuitableness of the
plan to the site of the building, the bad arrangement of
the interior parts of the structure, and the defective char-
acter of the work. Of these in their order.
To the first point of objection, I have already had occa-
sion to call the attention of this committee, when referring
to the act of Congress under the authority of which the
building was commenced. That act contemplated a sim-
ple edifice for the accommodation' of the Treasury only;
and the appropriation of $100,000 to the object, may be
regarded as some indication, at least, of its anticipated
cost atid extent. But it is not to the enlargement of the'
plan of the structure that the objection is intended to ap-
ply. This may, indeed, transcend the authority, of. law,
but is not a matter within the appropriate cognizance of


and thence to the principal halls, by a flight of-narrow
-side-steps perpendicular to thd base, and under which, also,
must be the entrance to the front corridor of the.basement.
They will see, to' their greater'shrprise, as' I apprehend,
what must be.an anomaly-in the process of architectural
construction, the front and rear walls of a stone edifide
carried to the'height of two stories, with both ends open
from the foundation, and with a durable brick buildirig in
the way of closing the one, and no authorized or determi-
nate mode'for completing either. Had the building been -
but thrown back from the street, and constructed upon the
design approved b5 the.Committee on the Public Buildings
:of the last Congress, bad as'was the site, all these difficul-;
ties would 'have been avoided. -By any mode'in ihich it-
may now be finished, its position .will be most awkward, its
approach inconvenient, and its general appearance re-
proachful to- the architectural skill and taste of the country.
' But, Mr. Chairman, I have yet to learn upon what pre-
cisb plan it is-proposed 'even that the unfinished walls shall
be carried out. They are now of unequal extent from the
-centre; and at the north, which is their shortest arm, ap-
proach within some three or four feet of the building occu-
pied by the State Department. Here is no room for ex-
tension, but over, the foundation of that edifice. What,
then, I ask, is to be done ? Is it the intention to destroy
this valuable building? The plan, which hangs in the
lobby behind me, indicates this. It is the plan of thearchi-
tect;. and one of the wings, delineated in the drawing, is
made to occupy the very site of'the present building. Or
are the walls 'to terminate with their present extent How,
then, is the building to be closed, and in what manner the
end finished ? The committee were told, in.answer to.the
objection, that the front approach 'was narrow and incon-
venient,; that the main entrances were designed 1to be at
.the ends, directly opposite to the principal halls, or passage-
ways,- of the building. But what space is there left tor
this accommodation, either for entrance or fight tp the pas -
sages between the'two buildings, now brought almost into
juxtaposition with each other? And at the other extre-
mity, too, the south end of the building, with. its main en-
trance fourteen feet above the,level of-the -ground, what
here is the .plan of completion ? and how are you to ascend
from the street .?- If the design', as shown upon the plan,
be carried out, the building is yet to.be extended in'this d--
rection some ninety or a hundred feet; and steps'descend-
ing from that extremity, at 'the elevation of the passage-.
way, will reach far into the avenue, upon the south. Sir,
if-any one knows what is the present plan of execution, he
has more information than I have been'able to acquire.
A. second reason with the committee for reporting the
bill was the bad arrangement of the interior of the struc-
ture, and the want of adaptation to the purposes for which
it was designed. These objections rest not in taste or opin-
ion only. The defects are palpable, primary in importance,
and, iri the present.advanced state of the building, beyond
remedy. They consist in the narrowness of the halls or
passage-ways, and the want of provision forth admission
of.sufficient light to the rooms. The building, carried out'
according to the plan, will be 456 feet in length, while the
principal halls, running longitudinally through this great
extent, when finished, in the three upper stories, will be
hardly more. than nine feet iri width; and,- in -the basement,
but little exceeding eight. On this part of the subject, I
beg leave to read an extract from the report of Mr. Wal-
ter, as descriptive. of the character and consequences of
this fault of construction: .
I should remark," says he, that all "the passages in the
building' are entirely too narrow for either beauty, convenience,
or comfort. The main passage, by which all the rooms are ap-
proached, will be four hundred and fifty-six' feet in Jength,
(should the who!e design'be carrjid out,) 'while its width is only
nine and a half feet. The only mheatrs of lighting this passage
-is by.a window of four feet by eight at each.end, and the secon-
dary light it may. receive from the cross entries, stairway's, and
"glass that may be inserted in the doors. All of these, however,
will not.amount to much. A passage as long as the. one in' ques-
tion should have been at least.fifteen feet 'wide, with as much
light at each end as could possibly have been introduced. Am-
pler arrangements should also have been inade for introducing
intermediate lights.". *
I may he permitted, I trust, to refer also to the.authority
of Capt. Parris, in support of the opinion of 'Mr. Walter.
.He states, that-
"Considering the length of the building, the number of
rooms to be entered through this.passage, the many occupants,.
and others having occasion of ingress and.egress through it, in
my opinion, this great thoroughfare for the whole building should
have been, at least, fifteen feet in width; and I have not seen
any sufficient reason for confining it to its present reduced lim-
its. I consider this defect-without'remedy."
On the authority of these two experienced and accom-
plished artists, it might seem that the objection was con-
clusive. But I rest not here. There are .facts, in the
practice of the architect of the building, which speak. a
language as unequivocal as the opinions I have cited. The
Patent Office, now in the course of construction,-under his
superintendence, of little more than one-half the extent of
the Treasury building, has a passage-way of fifteen feet ;
and we have all seen upon our desks, at the present ses-
sion, a plan for a Marine Hospital, prepared by this very
architect, of less than. two hundred feet in length, with.a
like breadth of fifteen feet passages. Wherefore, then, this"
great contraction in the most necessary and oft-frequented
part of the. Treasury building ? Whether it result from
mistake or design, the effect is the same, and alike inju-.
rious. Either fifteen feet passage-ways in a structure of
one or two hundred feet in length are wastefully improper,
or nine feet in an edifice of four hundred and fifty feet is
insufferably defective. Had 1' not dismissed- from regard
the report of the architect, I might cite with effect his dis-
tinct admission that, "' in respect to the-width of the corri-
dors and passage-wal, it would have added much to their
beauty had they been half as wide again ;" and, as regards
the lighting these corridors and passage-ways, the pregnant
expression of a belief only that they will not be deficient
in light, but that they will be sufficient for the transaction
of the business of passing to and fro !" I will apply to this
but the single comment, that, in the present advanced state
of architectural science and improvement, that must be but
an ill construction, indeed, of a national edifice, which is


less ample in all its proportions than good taste demands,
and can only subserve, by its accommodations, the most
necessary and restricted uses.
Another branch of the same general objection of want
of adaptation in the arrangement of the building to the
purposes of its construction is, the deficiency of light-in the
frorit 'range of rooms ot the basement and attic stories. In
the former, the light can be but secondary-and. very imper-
fect. It is first to be admitted through a thick wall,'by
windows of only'four'feet square, into a corridor under the
platform of the colonnade, and thence into the rooms back
of the .corridor. The dimensions of the windows of the
attic are the same, and these will be much obscured by the
columns and entablature of the colonnade. The light,
whatever it may be, must be admitted near the floor, below
the level of the height of the desks, and will not be suffi-
ciently reflected for the necessary use. With this state-
ment of position, it can hardly be necessary to seek the
opinions of architects, to satisfy any considerate mind of
the effect. But theta declarations of Messrs. Waltert aid
Parris are so direct and explicit to this point, and. so brief
withal, that' I hope to be pardoned a reference to them.
The former remarks:
"The rooms in the basement story will be entirely loo. dark
and damp for office purposes, .and the apartments in the third
(attic) story, having windows but half the size of those below,will
be so darkened by the colonnade as. to render them almost use-
less. The only comfortable rooms in the building will, there-
fore, be found in the first and second stories, which embrace
but seventy-five apartments.,"
The latter gentleman expresses the opinion that, from
such observations as he has been able to make of the'rooms
in the basement story, they will be entirely too dark for,


House of Representatives, by-a resolution of the last. st-
siorr, called upon the President for information of the num-
her of apartments which'would be' required'or f tfie:usi-
ness of the Treasury. `I how hold in.my hand repott.to
him from the Secretary of that Depaitment,"by *ich it
appears.thalit 132 rooms were at this time' wanted. The'ract,
however, under which the building is beihg erected,'directs
that provision be made, not only for the present, but for the i
future occasions of the Dephrtment, The present edifice.
-is to,contain'but 150 rooms in the wioqle, and-sucrh-prtions
of-these unfit to be occupied as td reduce the number blow.
the immediate requirement. : Sir, I submit it to this atdi-
mittee if such manifest violatibir of the intentidin of IheLe-
gislature is-not sufficient cause. of'itself for arresttg thle
further progress of the 'structure. Let none be d*eeied
by the suggestion -that these objections are the'dfbttes' of
apprehension merely, or 'the results of" a misguided Judg- A
ment* even. 'There stand the'walls, within vew of this
Capitol, as witnesses tofacts. t'There are the iarfow ind
dark corridors, and damp cells of the basement, 'tb spoak
for themselves. *There are the contracted' halls and pps-
.sages of the. first and second.stories in the uprising sdpl~r-
structure, with its open and exposed-ends, to be seen Und
measured, in all their length and breadth. FPeet and inches
will not lie. The attic is yet to e.-added. But the plan
of construction which has been commenced must now "be
pursued'. The entablature, with' its frieze and cornibe,
'must surmount the columns, ith tiheir-capitals,'and (he
windows.be placed within the obscuration of"light which
they will occasion., "That these rooms will be too dark
for the occupation .of clerks," we have the opinion of skil- /
ful builders, and neither the facts'nor-the.effectS will my
own judgment permit me. to doubt. Here, then, we are
.again brought to a stand. The inquiry is directly and ptr-
tineeitly presented, shall an imperfect building, in abad 1o-
'cation,.and upon an objectionable plan, witbfour stories of
rooms i.ee'ded for occupation, and but two'suitaile for Use,
be carried to its completion; 6r shall the work of construc- .
tion stop,'the incumbrancee be renioved, and mor fiAtand
appropriate arrangements made for the future better.acomt-
modation "of the Department I .This inquiry -it 'is' now
among the'duties, and upon the responsiBility, of think coim-
mittee and of this House to decide. I
Yet, with all these causes of-objection, the.conimittee might
still. have hesitated in recommending.the demolition-of the
walls of the building, at the consequent sacrifice of & Lfea- /
vy-experrditure, but for the admonition oT another anl m6re. .
fatat defect, which rendered the duty eqUally-'lear and im-
perative. The'architects who wete employed to" examine
the structure, have condemned the work as deficient idi the
requisite strength and. security. This objection depends
upon principles of architectural science, anda riglftful ap-
plication of the'rules of art, Sir, I profess no judgment
in this matter above the skill and capacityi 'and fidelity of.
the artisans who have been- witnesses to the committee, and
whose opinions accompany the report. If they are to be relied
upon, and their judgment is worthy of ary degree of c6n-
fidence, here.is an insuperable difficulty in the. ay of ftr-
.ther proceeding with the work. "The objection did-noet
originate vith the committee, nor is it obvious to any su-
perficial and unpractised observation. .1 take occasion, itf "
passing, here to say, that ties representations. -of the airchi-
tect of the. builditig, in his" appeal to the House* if they
intended to .apply to my -associates or myself, are un-
founded, and unjust in this particular. The committee
have nowhere asserted that of which he complains. They
have at no time made- or given countenit#6e to a. sug-
"gestion that the arches.had already cracked," that the
walls were falling," or that "the building was .already
crumbling into ruinss" These are the .imaginings of a jea-
lous spirit, the. cob-house fabrication of an artificer who .
builds'but to show his skill on' what he. may. mtbst easily
destroy. The opinions of the architects.. Messrs. Walter
and Parris, are the warrant to the. committee for the im-
peachment of the strength of the'.work.. To this point ..-
their language'is so unequivocal, and -decisive, that I must
crave the patience of gentlemen while -I .read some. biief
extracts from their reports.
The second objection advanced, (says Mr. Walter)' is'the
weakness of the structure. My decided opinion' in reference
to-his subject is, that all the outside walls-are entirely too thiu'
and too weak for so large a vaulted building as the one in ques-
tion. .These walls should have been? at least, three and half
feet thick, exclusive of -the ante, (or pilastdrsas they are com-
monly called';) instead of which, they are only two. feet'three
inches. And here,- permit mneto remark that the strength -
which would have been derived from these ante, hod thdy been
constructed according to the principles' of ste'rcotomy, is not-
only lost by. the manner in which they have been built, hbut the
walls, which would hive been too weak without them,, are ac-
tually rendered weaker by their introduction."
JHe describes these'ante as "occurring in every eleveri-.
feet around the whole-building,". and adds':
They should have been constructed i.n courses correspond-. -
ing with those of the ashlar, s6 as to have formed .a-band with
it'; but, under the existing circumstances; the band of the ash-.
lar is-cut off from the bottom to the top of the bpiilding,' on each
side of every one'of the ante ; while the .-anta themselves af- -
ford little or'no resistance.to lateral pressure, being comp6sed
of large stones set on the end 6of each other, without a single
cramp or tie.to hold them to the ashlar, or a dawel' to keep
them in their places. We have, therefore, a straight joint on
each side of every anta, extending its whole height, by -which
all the horizontal'band'of the wail is destroyed, except -that
which is obtained from the fi.llng in of- the: brick work, which
is so reduced by the thickness of the ashlar as to-afford but
little strength. ." ''
This, Mr. Chairman, let it be borne in mind, is the lan-
guage of a professional architect; addressed' to tihe Commit-
tee on the Public Buildings, upon the resportnibility of his
character, and the high obligation to idlity in the execu-
tion of a trust committed- by them to his skill and-judg-
ment. There is nothing doubtful'.or equivocal,, either .in
the description he gives of the work, or.the condemnation
which he pronounces upon it. If there iBe error in either
-it boldly challenges correction. tNor is he less expi.it. in
his objections to other parts df the work:
"Another defect is evidernit (says he) in t'he vaulting of the
'vestibtrle on 15th street.' These arche's are all groined, and'.
one-half of their .horizontal thrust is resolved en'the front wall,
without any counteracting influence whatever, except the wall
itself) the bond of which is unfortunately cut off .by the outside
antse, at the very point upon which' the thrust.of the arches is


concentrated.- .
Again : .
In the plans for the upper stories, 1 find that "the rooms
directly over the vestibule are increased by omitting two of the
cross-walls- that occur in .the lower story, so as to throw thp
whole width of ihe centre building irito one room of fifty-four
feet in each of these stories, th'e whole of which is'to be groin-
archred in-their compartments, without any provision' whatever.
for resisting the lateral pressure of the arches. This plan of
arching can never be executed with, safety to the building.
The arches, in the lower story, would probably stand, provided
the centres were kept under them, until Uie walls ref eive the .
superincumbent weight of th'e structure ; but the fat6 of the
- upper arches, if executed upon the same plan., is certain "
As a striking illustration of what is meant by the hori-
zontal thrust of the arches against the resisting power of
the perpendicular walls', I cannot forbear- to refer to a de-
monstration of the pharacter of this defect, in the descrip-
tions given by- Mr. Walter of the plan of constrtution'pro-
posed to be adopted in 'another public building (the new
Patent Office) now in progress, under the superintendence of
the same official 'architect... It may serve,, also, to test the
greater confidence which is due' to the experience. and
practice of thirty years" of the latter gentleman over-the'
.immutable laws of matter,'and the.well-settled principles
of science, which he is pleased to characterize ks the.
"theory" of his professional opponents. I 'read from the-
report of Mr. Walter, on the 16th page of the printed
document;
The plan of the grand exhibition room,-which includes the
whole of the' "upper st6ry, (of the Patent Office,) being 'abour
-*_-t--__s- P- hutw hnnt l,*../ > **irpf/\l mtid1 oqixvt feet lo*n< Drorvnides


- 'I


1




-" "
S" .- .. ". .. .
and substantial, enduring strength in the different parts of jacted, my word. for- it, appropriation after appropriation, .solid, enduring, intended for posterity would'hav6 been sad- Mr. RINCHER still insisted that it.reflected both on the
the structure. r earfiestly'co6mmenq the Whole-of the able without stint, will hereafter be required. The plan'is but- ly out.of keeping. The-strangest 6f all the strange thirfgs architect and Commissioner of Public Buildings-, thus to
Report of this accomplished architect to'the careful. exami-' little understood. Th'e object to~which one hundred thoh- .connected' with this reckless extravagance is the'time when rely on the opinions'of men sent for to condemn the plan of
'nation of every gentleman before he gives a vote upoh the sand- dollars was first appropriated, how demands one rmil- it is proposed. The Government in debt, without money,' this'building. It was & strange objection that this building
Subject. They will find' theie set down many more ahd. lion; an.l -we have just seen how'that will giv occasion' *and no. prospect of gptting'any; where there is 6ne wide would embrace th'e Treasury -and Post. Office. In his
not less-decisixe instances of defeqt'.than I. have' brought for a millionrmore'! But, Mr. Chairh'an'I hear tie gen- scene of care, appre'hension,'an'd suffering in the land ; when* -mirrd this was a great recommendation to it, -
particularly to their notice. fn the .description of the cha-, tleman from 'Pennsylvania, .near me,'(Mr. PETRIXIN,) in. even the rich feel it criminal to live, like Dives, in luxury, Mr: MERGER reninded.hini that it hal not rooms enough
S"ra.cter and construction of the work given by Mr. Walter, an undertone declare that hie will lot vote another dollar,. whilst others ale starving; when in this ypupg .and fdrtile fit for use to accommodate the Treasury Department alone.
he is fully sustained.by the judgment and opinion of Capt.".either to build up'or to pull down. 'S1r, we must d'o the and abundant count try We have"seen the humane people ofe -M. RENcIIR believed the-real object ir view was to take
Parris, The-latter-pronounces decidedly "that 'the walls ofin thing or the other. The walls of the 'new'. Treasury tife city of New York resortingto charitablebread and soup away all the present buildings, because.they were not-fine*
Sof this building are not sufficiently strong to sustainn the building.cannot .be permitted to remain in- their present societies (things only krown in .the old and emaciated courn-- enoughrand to substitute a grand plan,including all the De-
'lateral pressure: of the arches,.to be continued bove the. condition. They. now darken -the windows of the State tries of Europe) to save from the actual gnawings of Shin- partmentsin onespacious structure of more costly materials.
present, height." 'Other. architects,-of no.less reputation," Department, and the materialss prepared-for their comple- ger thousands o'f thQse honest and deluded 'men who have To this he was opposed: and if it should ever be dbnel.some
have, with like explicitness, condemned the.edifice. I tion iincumber the public Way.* The eye of th'e gentleman been reduced to this. extremity by the very men who. have. new-architect would come in and condemn the whole.
have been'informed that" sach.was the-resultoY'fthe obser-. himself would riot long endure the offence of the unfinish- been slavering them with, their. deceitful flatteries; now. Mr. WILLIAMS, of N..C: thought that the.objectiori
v'Jons of the-superintendent.of. the pew custom-house iu -'ed pile, nor his spirit- of economy rest' satisfied within the when every one is practising.tie sternest economy, and cut- of his colleague was not well-founded. f the present
the-city of 1ew York;and of-the principal constructor-of waste of-prop.erty which might be applied to a profitable ting-dow his expendituresto.the strictestnecdssity, the Gov- building should be pulled down, it did not-follow that we
Sthe. State -House -at .Montpelier, in Vrnont"; gentlemen use. 'trust he' will yet'go with me fQr lhebfll,if for no ernment alone feels-no obligation to retrench,.but is cam must have-another-of more costly materials. He should
distinguished for lirdfessional talent, good- taste,'and. the-' other reason than *as a measure eininently consistent with reeYing along in the most reckless extravagance. vote to pull this down, because it was-good for nothing, and
high- degree of public- confidence .which, they enjoy, nd- his" own professed policy of" retrenchimenrt and reform." -4s this-a time, sii,- to be wasting thousands *and taxing then he shduld'vote to put up another of a'plaiher and a
.'whose attention was casually drdwn to the building.whije A girigle-point more remains to:be-consider.ed. In-addi- the Pepple, that-we may tear d6wn one building .and'put cheaper kind. The bfll did not involve the-sacrifice of the
recently on a visit to this city. I might valsb adduce the* tion -to the authority to the President to cause the un- up another of more'just architectural proportions? Let us whole cost; the materials would still remaii-, and the chief
mbre frequent and familiar remarks of respectable builders finished walls of thd Treasury building to"be.taken dow'n,"- hear rio'more about attic taste, about friezes and architravds cost.was in the stone and. its'preparation. This would not.
in and about the city, in oridnexion with the extraordinary the bill, provides: "" and entablatures.for a. Treasury building, at least until the be lost. His colleague had no confidence in the opinion of
S. fact that, although the plan andc.'coostructioh of the buill- That th'e materials shall'-be-rmoved and" applied to the heavy hand.of the Government is taken.off from a -suffer- these archfitebts. Did he profess to understand architecture.
Ing have been made the ocoasion.of thuch severe criticism erection Qf a fire-proof -building of such. dimensions and pla. in'g but still loyaland. devoted People. Restore your Gd-- better than they'?. Th.eywere respectable and skilful nen
before thb Public, and of inquiry and close investigation of arrangement as may be required for the use and accomihoda- vernment to what it should be, replenish your Treasury, whose opinions were entitled to great weight, nor had they,
bly thy committee, Tor many.months and -this well known tion of the Post, Office Department,-on the site of the Post Office give to the hundreds and thousands of honest laborers in as--is alleged, been sent for to.cordemn this building.
*td'the arclitect he has not yet'attempted to justify either buildingrecently.destroyedby fire." ..your cities, novi suffering and inmisery.themieans of earn- Mr. MERCER here stated tliat.theommittee had not in- *
his. designs orfHis practice by.a single approving voice from This application .of 'the-matdrials, the committe-e, who ing a Isubsislence, and-then, and not until then, talk of terchanged a single.word with the architects. They had
"another. Sir, it might seem thaVall this should suffice, to' reported the bill, were fully satisfied-was-recommnided both attic "a'ste, architectural-beauty, 'and. splendid public edi- been left to.their. own uhbiagsed judgment.
satisfy- theminds of honorable members oh this floar of the by. expediency ard a- regard to economy'. The .want of fices. -Your public buildings already, present a .contrast Mr. RENCHER said, the bill.provided for the employment
insecurity and instability of the structure. The position. aec.ommohations for the Post Office Departmhent is scarcely ,strikirig enough" between their splendor and magnificence of a new, architect if necessary, and he presualed oie of
whichbi occupy in thie Committee on Public Buildings de- less urgent than for the.Trcasury. Sihce-the cdnflagrtion obf and-the. inbecility and incompetency.of those who occupy these was to be the man. .
..volyed upon me the.task o'f offering ths exposition of the the 'former building,- the business of-the office has been them. All this, sir, comes of separating the Goverhrvent Mr. WIrLIAMS resumed. As to.the'ardhitect from- the.
"Quicels of information. thV evidence, and the results qf conducted in inconvenient and insecure apartments, and and. its fortunes' from the People and theirA ; and, most of Girard College, had .beeinformed that that gentleman ,
personal -observation, which induced to the report; and, the accumulated valuable papers and records;,the evidences all, from tke ready. facility of supplying funds for any ex- oWas already amply provided for, and would not accept em-
with.. no.feeling of motive, beyond a sense of 'duty, I am and assurances of multiplied and extensive contracts apd tra'vagance by the issue of Trehasury notes:' the. exercise ployment from -.the Government, if offered. Here, their,
Jess solicitous for the disposition which may now be niade disbursementss, are constantly exposed to the imminent of a power, in my judgment, thb most unconstitutional, was a disinterested witness. Could that be said of Mr.
'of the subject, than'rthat'it should be fully and rightly uin- hazard of .destruction. If it slyall now be determined, as, dangerous,. and consolidating of- aby yet claimed -by this Mills On which side did the'-weight of evidence plepoi-
derstood here and elsewhere.. I trust it will be, that the walls of the Treasury building Government---a power, the tendency of which, to.the.ut- derate? MrW. believedthat this structure wouldIalldown
Mr. Chairman, it-iI given as.the dealberate judgment of be taken down, the materials must necessarily, from. their mopt degree of extravagance, is 'as certain and direct as if completed. The.rooms were ,hot lighted properly, and
oae of the architects, ".that the defects are beyond the reach -quantity, be removed -to some other place, to "prevent in- would be the case with a young spendthrift -whose notes thbse'in the Basement. wepe not-only dark,-but so damp that
of any remedy,'and that the course. dictated alike by pro- cumbrancetotheadjacent grounds and Atreets, and it weuld stood hirm in the place bf -money. Would any member papers kept in them would rqoulder and decay. -He con-
-dence-and economy is, to take down the .whole building."" obviously,'therefore, be most judicious to -transport them here go to'the. People end lay direct taxation as the money -sidered the building is useless, and should .vote 'to pull it
Concurring in this opinion, the committee have accompa- .directly to the spot, where they might be immediafely and for this purpose ? .No, sir.; no." B'ut the money is taken .dowo, and to.erect in its stead a plain, neat,'dry, economi-
nied their report with a bilPfor this purpose.' For myself, I advanta'geousl used. The stone, somewhat defaced by from fhem'by the secret process of Treasury notes, and cal structure, secure irom fire, and well lighted. .. .
-see'not, how, on any plar which has'been suggested, aside', the two old process of construction, and removaI,-although < they.pay it without knowing it.' .Mr. YELL ro'e, and'iddressed the committee as'follows:
from all- exceptiQn, to the supposed weakness of the'walls, not substantially injured, .will beless objectionable on the Mr. 'I.' thought it the -greatest defect in our .system, Mr. CUAHI'MAN: It was not originally my design "to.say
the ends are to be closed, the light adniitted, the entrance proposed site for-the Post Office, than in the more conspit-' that'the.People can be taxed without knowing it. He re- ore-word an the merits of this bill at.the present stage of
and passage-ways nrmade convenient, and the building ad- uous position which will.doubtless be selected for rebbild- garded as the most important of all the principles of a free- its existence ; but as I'firid that it has.already elicited much
Svantageously an'd .appropriately- finished. By an-officfal. ing the.Treasury, and the construction of the birilding will GoYerriment.that money, should not be faised.without the debate, and the hounds .are out, I- may as well utter what
statement from the Commissioner of the Public'Buildings, be hastened at least a year by. this direction to their appli-' .knowledge and consent f the e'People, What -are the I have to say on this occasion, I am. not prepared for a set
.it appearathat,'discarding fractions, the sum .of two.hun- cation. That the .materials "are appropriate to the object objections.lo this building'? -The first is the site: It is speech, and will occupy 'th attention of the "comriittee-for
dred'thousand dollars .has already been expended; and a .is- voudhed by .Mr. Walter, the architect, *ho in answer due to the architect, to say that, in the very paper which. a fe.w moments only. .
further sum of three hundred -thousdnd dollars will be. re- to inquiries"add-ressed to him on the subject; has certified gives him his commission, the site is designated.by'the late I am an'olpponent of the. bill, Mr. Ohair~nan; abul, at
S quired for. the completionn of tfe-b building making an ag- that there will be no difficulty whatever .in artanginrg- -Ptesident, and approved by his good and loyalCommons, the very threshold, I protest against its passage., I behold
.gregate- expense or HACrF A MILrION -Or- Dto.LaS I have the. design'for-the Post Office so as to bring all the materials Yes, sir, the architect wis opposed to the site selected by-the in it, sir, the cornnencem'nt.of anbthet scheme fora splen-
seea another estimate,'comningfrom-th e architect himself, of-the Treasury building' into.use, with. very -grdt advan- *President, and it w'astwice referred toCongress; and, a was did arid a profligate Government; a schemeor the recpm-
which reipiires,.fortbhe execution of his plan,,arrd which I tage!" In this opinion, -Mr. Mills alao has'ex.pressed his -to be expected, where therd was skill and science on the mencemerit of that systemof expenditure and profligacy
.verily believe isy the only. mode .by which the-building can entire concurrence, ahd presented to the "committee "a pan one side, and the will ofGen. Jacksor.on the other ,Congress which distinguished other'days;. arid -renhdered ithmortal
now be fluishe.d, NINE HUNDRED THOUSAND DOLL4RS!. The' for a building, ih conformity thereto. twice approved 0f the decision of the President. Is it not another Administratiod, when we had splendid projects for
calculations-of others have carried it to MILLION A-ND A .But, Mr. Chairman, I hasten to a close, and to-.elieve too bad, that'the architect is held responsible for the selec- a irast c-air of ihterna'i improvement on the earth below
S- ALF. *- d. . . ,." the committee from the heavy tax which I have exacted tion of. a site with which he had nothing t' -do but to op- and'in the heavens.above; a scheme for the projection arid
S Sir, vqch not for'the' accuracy of any-of these esti.- from their indulgence. I have endeavored -to'state, in a pose-it? As to the solidity of thd building,. Mr. T. knew completion of ."light-houses"- in- theskies of beacpns,
mates. The.latter may b.e,. and probably is, too .large; but manner, Irust, to be understood, the weighty considdra- .the architect, and hyd entire-confidence in hijm. -He had buoys, and palaces, and all those fanciful projects wlridh a
it is not to be supposed that the "architect would swell the tons which iriflu'enced the Committee-on Public Buildings, erected mrore than one similar. building in South C'arolink, versatile fancy' could originate, and ai n administration.
amount'.beyond, the. attial cost.'. Arid" for what, 4 ask, is after a laborious investigation', extended through a'period -.with walls of the same or of less thickness, and no fears idolatois- could, if they "had consulted ji.eir.own wishes,
S"thi heavy charge to -be incurred 7 For. a buildings with of nearly five months, to report to the House the bill uqder are entertained that they will tumble down, They have have carried rite execution. Mr, Chairman, the storied
which whe-n'cornpleted, the Government- and the country discussion. Theirs was a task of duty, and .they have per- stobd for twenty years;and. h doubted not would conti- debut of that Adniinistration' has now become.a matter of
never can be satisfied--'a building which will not answer -formed it with xeference-only to the high obligations.to its inue to:stand as enduring monuments of the skill and-taste history; but, sir, it.ii-yet-recollected; "and, as I opposed its
the puxposes.irntended by the law, badly'located, inconve- faithful'discharge. The subject, as, it'was presented to of the architect. He aissire'us ihe walls-are strong, and existence with all my.zeal; I shall, now, and ever after I
Snient of approach, deficient in the rieq qird accommodations, them, related to property and business, and they havd treat- -he -had .heard:nothing to. shake his confidence -in. this. pi trust, be found among the most strenuous:of those who
and.unsafe in its constriction,. Stop, then, "the work;at ed it,-not.as.a political, but as a practical question in Which nion. Norhad'he -heard any reason which would influ- lend a helping-hand to obliterate and destroy the baleful
.onei. Do tvht the bill on your table proposes. Take- .the necessary accommodations of the Government and the enee him-to vote in favor of ihat he regarded" an uniusti- exainple which it- set for the initiation of subsequent Ad-
down the imperfectt -arid .half-finished walls; ard, if you pecuniary interests of.the'People.ere especially to be re- fable waste of the public money. ministrationsofthe laws and principles of the Constitution,
would.bave a suitable edifice employ a competent archi- garded-.. For myself, I-have indulged, on this occasion, in -Mr..PICKENS followed on the samepide of the ques- and the obligations of the Government.. I object to .this
tect, select a proper site,-adopt an appropriate plan of ade- none of those feelings of pride for a display of national tion, though he disclaimed any.pufpose oT indulging in the bill, and protest against its passage, for other, and, I trust,
S. quate dimensionsin the language of the liw,'" for there: taste, and of emulation.for national distinction in the culi-. ame- strain with his colleague who 'had precededd-him, not unpatriotic reasons thai. that which I. have already
.sent and future, acoommodatios "of tt'e -Treapury Depart-, ovation and encouragement of the arts, which imay Well Whose head seemed to. bafull of- making Presidents and stated I behold, sir, in this bill, a feature and a design,
a n d a cc'm"o d a ti"-r .s t .e D ~ 4 -... e n c o u r a g e m e n t o f t t h -o st o ho opt sh P r e s i d e n ts ao f
Sent, .and- let the-work be executted in-a style consistent beconie the statesmen of this great. Republic, in ap age of turning 'out Presidents. He thought Mr. .LINCOLN had both of which.are foo palpable to escape the observation of
with economy, and not dishonoring the good-taste .and ar- improvement in.all which Adorns a state of civilization hot .put tihe matter on the true issue.' It was not a. ques- the most reckless observer. When the preceding Adminis-
chitectural skill of e nation. and refinement. ..I have left it for.this committee' and this- tionof the taste of this architect 6r the other -. In matters .tration. came irito power, it was pledged; to carry out'the
Iproeed now,'very, briefly, to s~how. that the'.measure House to compare wht is ab-out to be-done with that of mere-criticism scarce any two architects would.agree. principles of reform in the abuses.of the Governmerit, and
S .which the bl is intended to .effects in the removal of the which already existd;..to judge how far, in the construction -and it was utterly vain to hope to hit upon any plan which retrenchment- in the- public expenditures. -The present
walls.of he-balding, as recommended by'considerations of of the pubhi edi4ces, ina day of-peace and prosperity, they should- suit. the notions of-every architet-. in.the Union. *Administration stands pledged.by.the avowals of the Exiec-
econsin, ai- ..be-attenaed -with- a aactual.saving of. -will fall behind the liberality and grandeur which was in-: He could-not- say whether' the passages in this new build- utive to carry out those principles and I, for one, Mr.
.haige upon the .Treastry. A "-few simple. statements of dufged, ifi.a tirrie-ofdebt,'inseurity, arid public.'embarrass n in wruld of would- hothave sufficient light t) enabie.meri Chairman, am not disposed to shrink frari the performance
S calculations.ani deductions will afford this derionstratioii. ment. I leave them -to' contrast the magnificence of-this to read at oodtay If na.t, they might answer the better or fulfilment of the pledges.of the --Administration to the
S.- Ihaye before m.e, Mr:Chaitmant a written comthuniciion Capitol, and the.Executive Mansion, erected by the order as crypts.to-hold collections of specie or. Teasury'notes. People. But, sir, this bill meditates the ve.fy reverse of a
S..from Mr. Mid.ils,-the architect, addressed:fo.th.e Committee and'in thid far-reactring. wisdom of enlightened' and high- 'He was opposed- to pulling down a- building vhich ost our pledg.:. It is intended and designed for political .effect:
S..on the Public Buildings, from which I read the fll.wing: .minded predecessors, with the design of structures which $180,000, on the' mere opinion -of an architect -brought it has-been conceive. iri a. settled determination to get utp
SUpon'the question ubmitted'to me, whatwold-be the-esti- are aboutto mark the .period al the policy of their own here, whetherfrom Philadelphia or Boston If .Conress a wasteful-.expenditure of the public funds, forth purpose
'Upon'the question. .sub. .itte to me, what. Id .- ar en. nfoCpneress Ad-i.is.r.. .. t raise
Stated loss oflabord-an materialsueddin the new Treasuiy build- legislation ; .and to decide for themselves bow much the should. do thi, and put up another buildi-ng,'before it ws of enabling the opponents of.the Administration to raise
aing, in the event of taking do-wn the same, .to ie-used-again in. (me will give pre-eminence.to their fame, or be in keeping- .finished, some other Prchitecf niglt come andr- cndeman the watchword of alarm, preparatory to a deafening o.utcry
erectinga buildihg.upona new site.1I wiould.res'pectfully. state'as even-..withthe. standard of. the otheer, .. that in like manner.'. -He believed the building to be very of profusi.i and prodigalhty-against- this Ad-i nistration..
follows: -. -- .. -* ..Mr; ..:CAM RELENG complained of the course which" suitable for it purpose; b'ut,'be this as it might, he was for I am hot. to he led astray by any such.artifioe .- no gulltrap-
-. L st, The present expenditureson this'building had-been taken.. He had supposed; when the gentleman carrying it on. He trusted that, after havi gone thus .of the kind can catch me; and I appeal to any man of this
t t't to -- -, rt- -; ,- -' 200,065 .79 proposed to-gointo.o mmittee of the Whole, that it was --far with it,-gentlemen- would not .stop and .pull.it down. Admiistration o-anyma ef the bread-and soupparty,"
take 'al oftheinaterisand w w merelyfor-the.purpose of submitting a proposition to arrest According to the -statement of the gentleman from Massa- as we are called, to come- forward and defeat the project of
S with those oen th edn, ta :a placedf f t, ,8 -, the building of the new T treasury until further.examina- chusetts himselfhe, the wallswere four feet thick. the opponents of the Administration. .
-. -, .h ndr. ..Bs a .nae at,- ,0 .0 tion-cpold be ad ;-,but. lie perceived, instead of that, that t Mr. LINCOLN here' interposed to correct the mistake of Sir, I am a frind and supporter .of. this bread arndl soup
"* .'" .. "' *" "," "-..' ." -$102,26579 .the committee w.as about to enter.upon r discussion re- the gentleman from South Carolina. Thewalls above the party,-as it has- been scornfully denominated,-arid I am
S".3d. The site. being changed, would renddr it s'~pecting the'relative merits aht demerits of Mr: Mills and foundationn were -but' two feet three 'inches in thicknes's. proud.of the'cause in which- I am engaged; forit is the
S :nnee.shary to regrade and pave 15th street, eertai.n 'other architects. He had expected. anesimple pro- The foundation wall was four feet thick. :- cause of.the.Peopleofcivil liberty, and ol-law.. I-am, srr,-
an'd construct .a calvert uifder the same; esti .- : ppsitioh, but the proposition was not simple but complex. Mr. PdCKENs said it was immaterial. He" believed thd. a radical in all things/and particularly a radical.in my sup-
mated at:(whichdtieduct) .-' - 20,000:00 Here was a proposal to appropriate $150,000 more in addi- falls.were of sufficient.thickness ;-and'if the House onc" .pot of the Administration. Iarha foe ofthose who would
/. t .tion o the unexpended balafice of $140,000 -of a former set the precedent of pulling down public -works on the op,- waste the public treasure; I am a foe to all splendid schemes
't M" ki- al.th-e tital estimated'losa .$2,26 79 appropriation fr .the'removal of. the materials of thle pre- union of itew architecQts,-they 'fevet would get any public of Government; I go for an -economical-administration of
S 4t.. In the.evnt of removing ihe iiuiding, : ** sent Treasury:buildihng and the-erection of a new work: building finished.: We -must pull down all the other-De- the affairs of the country; and am determinedly hostile-to :
hrhrwill-be-noT-ntesssiy totake down oral- .-*- Mr. LrNCOLK. here interposed and observed -that .the apartments, -to give an opportunity for some gentleman to high. tariffs, quixotic expeditions to the South seas-and
S ter w thf icoat S-10 00tate. De t t b- ii '' comniitt.ee were unapprised Qf the existence of any .unex- -display his taste. aind- talents in erecting a set of edifices hold'in abhorrence all projects which have not-the happi-.
S which' misghprooperlv ; cad e toetshe', .. endedd balance ; he was very-glad, to hear.the honorable suitable, to the splendor of this magnificent Goverriment. ness'and the-interests of the People i view; nor am 1 to
S" "it side ofthe aconenty would be -- -. 80000' 00." chairman hate uch .to b the faict-; it would preclude the As.to 'the objection that this building united the two De-. be found among those.who .would pamper the .pride- arid
'" side.. o .h a" t. -. u .. .. -" necessity'of any appropriation in the present bill. apartments of the Treasury and Post Office, it was the very luxurious fancy of public officers, by erecting, stately edi--
*' Leavine in actual loss of only --. ,-272t' Mr.'CAMBRELENI'still pressed for the rising of-the corn- thing that the'Hoiuseprovided for-in its bill.. y ficesapd palaces for them to luxuriate in at the expense of
-. -. W e thu ha it a t hearls fo ifl h-,." e '.26 "7 : Y- mit_, ."ha the.ous .igh px e s ih m r -n Mr. LI CO N er .ag r e an s .te th. t e f c *h e pe to -s sh ._n. wh i. es on i e


rhiOt 'progress- with more un- r. LIN6004 here, again rose, and stated'that the fac e.
Weilius'haveitf mittej so that the *Hou;e 'the Peopl' k
iom 1he arcfiifdc.t hifnseLf, in -plain black rtant aid pressing-liusiness was otherwise. -If this bill is io, pass,. I wish.to
6er ain a: -0
ana.vihite,,ajid ih prdcise; t rithmetidal nutbvrs, Mr. PICKPNSsaid it Was inTmate al, for it the Administration oi its opp,
ithki- the*differeneb in ;moua 'of sicriflee between -taking- -Mr. THOMPSCiN w ed toany'j0ay.in'fi nish- drod and.fifty thodsand- dollarg are.
Ao be'established, jthat.every Department must have ai s*e-
down tbe'walLsof. the:.n6yv building, or groceedingib their' ihg the" reasury buil imporla nt archivs
din* he m6st. ng "he buildibg to erect another,
tion to the nsequent deitruction -of-the uildifig of 6f the-*eountr L.ekposed and daiigerous. paratd bdildi. of its. own, he supposed, beforre, Idn peoPle shovkl know-who the act- is
would be proposed to-e-reet a distinct bbilding for each bu-
the 5tate J1jep4r1ment,*vy ill be but ahoiit-two thiJusand dollars. situ:alion' witb-pq see6fity again'st-d'estrution.by-acc!ident.
reatL -He was'ppposed to the pre6edent. M2 P. Mills s re- Will 1he'fhehds bf-the'Administral
fiaye be'&rq shoWn thv*vhejvto bjUding' qannot stand fo- or-design.,, and. whilz he would npt inginuatethat there' is. and economy'on their lips,.conWer)t
s pufation'as an -archit.ect stobd high.at the Sbpth.-. He.ba'd
gether.- Aad this is-the inetitdble alternative-eilli6r, thb old '.amy -one in the Department ca he the' Sillcerity of iheir professions 'I
.,Xble* of suck a 'effnie, execied ome very splendid buildings.iii South Carolina.
e Would gAy.tha *re been such te' -support-this bill?
-must be talfen down, to. give *p1ace to. the *e'xec'ution. of th t never before the npta-' He ha'd buift* several pf the. ctfstom;houses, ttnd, among who sir,.Nvill
plariot the 4ew 6r thb wairs*of he-new may.be rethovedi to *tions Icr its cmmlssi6n. '.Nevgr. before, have there -been deT Vab Buren and the former a(lvoc
at Charleiton. -Whittevdr might be- the faults
t6 saving of the old.- ]But-the3e are n6t.all the cpnsid&ra-. posit'd in that "Departmefit Oe r6s( -onL
so inaby documents a:nd .1j may-be, 'Sit, that.it.will- find.the
of tho-preieht building, he was opposed to.pulling it dpwn -
kin'statig tfie tLecou-nt plu"ent of prpfit andlosi. To. vonchers- coinhe'eted and edrifused transac- d -*to test th6 o f the 14ous'emoir les; and-1 shhll not be surpri'sed
ed to amend thp- all
tke.sma-11 blnee, e6u,--of62,265 agki6st th e-'removalzof the tioni. He*'ha& the be9t reasons to befieve that the. cohdi_ an pinion o i
''r bill by strikihg-put-the enacting clause. :i3erves and*timid hearts, professing
walls Qf the new b6ildingf I oppose* the grW u'nder-valuh-. tion of'that, like jall- the- other -Aeparimenis of the Govern- Administration, ax found givihg. it
.1tiorf 6,f the prope Mr. ME-RICE'R'replied' with -earnestness tpthe iema`rks. Sir;-it is 'ever e, misfortune of ov
rty in the -old. It tarepiesentid, t(i have ment, w4s. oT)6.of perfect chuosof c6rifusion*wombcon- th e,
ofthe two gentlemen fronin South CaTolifia., bargain to
Cost;'atd;ast!,*S130,000-.*. J'the certiin'prVnt* valub of founded. .1joweter opposed'to tho'se w4oiadmiinisterlt parties to find in its ianks wen wli(
4100,600, the diffiFrence,.in4ead'of being $2;265 against Mr. T.'-could.*oi foygit that itw6s the Government of -his' show Vha't.th6 completion of the building, so-far ftofr. being sity,,or in the h-our when ar liale e,,
the removql, would be$17,735 infapor of the iii6asure. I' I f.'co owy, wis one, of reckless waste and ei- supposed to be discernible in thei polil
o country ; and he haa, under. the. influence of.that feeling,
this is-to. be -adderA thq cc7st of a parapet wall,. cir.4orxe'ter- morethan once'comein* to its aid. It whs n6t in the' ex- tr4vagance, 94.)ing.to expend $490;060 on.a building which froin their profes8ed fe'alty land politi
ra Alonglhe fine bf the-base wotild ttimble down as- soon as'it was completed. sure to fly fety t.6 the camp of
ineilttoguaid'the1ont fro'm ulta4ion- of -a partisbin j but in sQrroW -as an American -arid fot sa
if the buUding'- was finished dn th6.prsent plan',* cbrres"
the caiving earth and bricY of* the w4acent sideWlk at' one, a patriot, that. he had. seen in all ..the departmenis-of the been the 'ibisfortune of tft. Admin
'extremity of tle bjilding-f arfa to, conce;1 the present bx po- 6overnment ex'C'ept dne -a w'ant of all systern, order, re-* pohdirig one must be put tip, ailik6 xpeHse, on the otfier marry men of this description. 6,mo*'
side of the Presidenes -square. Mr. Mvindixtvd the
sed state of ihe rdugh founda4lon `wPTk it the*othr, aswell spprisibility'. and, -their p'aces, 'coh fusion, veokness in- opponents gathei6il in 49 folds old'
460 to' course of-thd committee insisted that'this-was. not a: topic
,give the aprpearafice PC a hoiiiiontaf line of colopnade, competency. It was vi itH other feelings than thosb of triumph Pion? of the Ha tford Convention
or declamation. against the Admin' but a seriiis I -
'at* tai gstimaW of $20*,000 moie: It is tbreatned- that tl)Rrb aRd eitultiation that e saw the G6vernTent bf his country f istration, iNational- Republicans Anti-Mamoc
question of business; and as t6 the'exposIte *of the riation-
Will be -craims-for damag6, also, r( the abiftters on the 6p. likd a Wounded* snake, -d-ragging its slow* length ilong.'? The 'have sir, been a kind 'of
ixisitc side ofthe stret such' 13, to leave: I
al -archives, -xyhaf 'wddk1 b aned'-byti ansferringthtm to athcrum,. and iv.is such base
by zkason 6C re'duein'k its 4radp, Is* it 'ivise 6r pradent, under circuInstairwe a building that wai to -tug e do The gentleman
_Aiid obstructing at ieady. aUesa to their-buildings; but as dur nationarl recordoltridarchi'ves any lor1ger*thas exoosedl., n b wni skutking-and. dodging, viben'ii is at
t1eA-ig'jkt,.ar best-, i.%uestionable. I have* $a en i i as some de'fects ; and from South C.Srolina plainly* showed how lhrqlbghly, he d nNer is gathering.' -Thank GQd,
not k it into No' sir, finish iho building even if it
th"&-aicount: -Taking, then', theitem&only wbieh are dg- -finish-it a s9on as you can. What is-our condition in-re-* 1. gated the subject, by ag"iting that the t he orth and the Earit have new
rive4 princip-Illy froni d.-ta furnitshed by* ttm rehitect him- gard tQ this matt6r'! have imPoytant redords-t' N re fogr feet thick,.when they were but tvyo, andwhen .- *
a I qwkeep:,- 've' sucli'materials, and I thankoff6d ibl'
that fact had beefi abtindantly.stated irl all the doe6ments-
Reff itriilts that by immediately' iit;;ppin& the progress we have no bouwto keep*them-in and -po morxey *to bi e of their -iid-:-none of thE
'ofthe work,,'and relnoving the uilfinisheS Walls rather one. But yve '1;aVe'ond half.-.doq4, -and one.on which "Mr.'BOON replied with'soafewarroth',.e.-,p6cialiy to.tlfe -'
I h. we, sir, -ith-ey were an incubus to the pr
thanproseculing the plaft ind sa6rificin the State'Depart-* -have eipnded'tvo bundred thousand -dollars; Shall. we renlarks ot Mr. T]IOMPSON. I-je denied that the p,oplp lie 'incub6; to the. party to which they. i
C5 'f 'starvation or like to be
Wni* building, a savihg, at the least, little 9hort of $49,000- finish that, or tear it doVvn and build an6ther, without mo represeiAed were Jn a state' o Ther inay be others, sit, profes
ney, as, we re td defray t xensej
win be i4ected. -he e Ves, si*r, we have :since -the raised ivery ye.ar doubW the amount of what mirfi'trftti'OD, who. lfavo, of late, bt
There is ye anoth viiiih'pre'sents 'ho ffioue. This dorriolration ys had a. larg& strrplui to disposer
t. ei view ofr- the matter, N the Government of the Uhit.. they consdait!d' andalvva wits ends; by the, gasconade. and.'
Tea upQrj, the irtt6pest of the Government in m e of;, nor' did .'he"
Alke ei a" or '* ed -Siates, is balhkrupt, and w4ile poiiring. out never-er;d- 'helieve that the Poor'Sta7te of -New York
who mhy vote'for. the- pas4ag6 of thi
striking point, of light. .* T4 -estimated cost, by tire archi-'. ing titades against 1he poor bdrjks' (which italone Ifas 'de.. wAs, ve'ry likely to starve, efther; gentleman. froin ffi4t late,'be.en told.that whiggery, as-j
ject,'of thd pre'sern plan of the -buildini, if fully carhed 6ut stroyed) for not'paying in' spe'cie. This Government catinot? St6te couldJell better than he. 'He had'heard indeed that take possesiqn-of the whole world.
-includiao, the lose 6C tUf Stoe Delartment,* is $900,000; pdy-in any thing but its.own. notes, issud in direcit violQL- duri the late pinidsorpe a;ssoria4io`us'had'been&tten UPbY' h4ve carried Maine-by a majoiitypi
but *ourdrbablj rise to a*. aiihions' If the*wotk 'is no'w, tion, of the' C U. tu Wfiigs to 'i& tfiesuffering poonyet he coul y
onatit'tioh. Thig Goveinment*,is essentially
a- d not be- 'thousayrds Connecticut- b five c
wrestedo. and tko degig.0 -heretorpro arproved.-by tke Coin- qne of temporary expedients, living from hifnd to motth, on lieve tkdt that 61.y was in a state o'f sta*rvafion w1fen
it Yqrk by. thougan-4s, and even'Balt
mittee-6n.*Ptlblic. Buildino subsotu ad id e,*aj;' the* such pktabce*s.aAs the suippricating tones* and ent couJd afforc' d t in honof its st i to git up 8- innerat $10 a ti.cke' f -tion for 'a succegsor of the late M;
I*Aie Depaitinent7buildiak will b* e the -distinguished gentlerhan from Te-nnesstie.(Mt. BELL)..* s
pAsd, and-an. edificQ of, the chairman of- thb C.6mmittee of Ways and Means can takenplace,-they loudly -affirm -ha
ant a dimensions -at;d..Of Am a44 anA hisassocl4tes. He was.opposed to.pulling down'thii
P! %impe styld* of* irchi% -extorl rrom the'cfirity of his opponents. a majority.ofcoftuting thousinds.
teetu*niay 6e c6nst-ru6te(t for Wit tbj4-one-half the clast. Instead'of th*ose large and vowpiehefisiveviews Qf finance btfildini on the recoinmenaittion of ahother arcliitect Who 'te-for-this extravagant bill. W
it if thep sen J, I If t
the ex-&nse of the- -vvbieh prdiide in advance.the meaps of meetein4 derpan& wanted the
rb plan he persieW in; Db and as to its Astrticting.the.. view -of the, ; aqd let them also quit our pariy I
building in- prod ress- Wnot'o.Wy zo be. inbfiried,. bu i1will -Whic I P'esi(fent's people- vqntd to look at that, let-, and"on all oci
h any. thp le3.st degroe of fbiecast would auticipat, the r ty.has-, at all tiihes.
impe$6 the ncessityj at no distanpday,-of a simikrproc6s -sole mlian the froth men of t detcription. In i
s ce is upon the never- failing resource of Tkeasu- in go iound. Much*had been said about extravagance, his '
oflconkruetioh- 012 the dpdqite side of. thg square. It & ty notes* Which are obtained by.the piteous apVeaJs._of.t4e ahd heavy 6arges. een made agiinst*this A4minis- in
-had 1; .:its Judaies-t' en professing odr. ri
-'Vell,-Inown that. the building otedpied by-the Navy De,- chdirma' *F the. C`rnmitte ofWays. a6d'Means.--.Th'e' 1ratihD,`buVMr. B. was. fox putt.ipgthesiaddj on ihexight our.cause, the mgment't
partinein, is defecti-ve, andmust soon'come d9wn. It waLs sum..,Df*il1eir political -philosoj3h*y, of -th6ir skill id finappe, horse.-, Let. ihe exjtravagjarjco bre charged on thofie.whO -little danienin'the distance, (here 1\1
ri$iall; Zadly otes. Sir, it io- not on1v in finance propoed 'such- n1jasures as thw. *aDd.voted to sur)-norf _4 ----4
uilt, an(rtva grehtly injured -by fire", set- is-to issu Tre*asurv n'


As for this'new:TTeasury building,.Mi. CfhaiirffiaN.
what. are'tht objectians taled agaiinst it, that catl for its
demblitiori-I Why, sit, it is -said- that it starmi-s. in the'way
6fthe Preeident's mansion 'It is.crul'k of the mongtrous
y I
crime of hiding the Wgite House 'from. the'view of slome
kpntle7wen who hol seats in !he other end of thle CaPtol.
It imjdes t6-eir vision.,- and,* forootii they cannbt 'see that
.building, for the occupancy 9f which thir heartspatpitate,.
nd all their aspiTations ar'e b created by midday, arid'oh
which th4ir drqdms 'bLre `bisqd, at the inidnight ljouk.
(Loud'laughtei. and, approbation.]' Sir, fby cWnot.see
the Execu'.tiv'e'mansion Indeed, they cannot.behold 1hht
eirifice from that end of 11he Capitot; and let ine tell -you'
sir, thatif they Were to. ch'ange thbir "ats,'.:ind 6o eto
this end of the Capitol, they would. 'still find themselves
suffering under total -obscuration. of vision. The Axecu-
tivemanion wouldnot. then kreet their 4nxious eyes, aiN
let me adi, they nlever can- 116hold it, for the People have'
already- decided that'they -never shall.. oct2py.that edific'e,.
6i they are rioti worthy. [Here the House indalgedin a
hard: fit of laughter,. a.ll* sides par.taking of the general
humor.]
As'for.the n'eW Treasury. building, Mr. Chairman, if' is,
in- my.opinion,. good'enough foi all thi purposes Tor which
it.wag -ihtended, alth6ugh I have never examinW it,-or-tak-
.en any pains to procure any i6f6rmat1'o3n that wodld enable
me to dec i ide on-its merifs. If I we're to examine if, I should
-kuow nothing about -it, fQr I. know but liftle or nothig,
bout the taWs and r'ulcs of architecturie. If, however, I
should tdke. the trouble to jo i`nto an analysis of its exeel-
lencies or defect,.I should be just as wise in -relatio n* to it
as tf;la Committee on Public Buildin'gs are; fok they tell
you that ihey know nothi'ng, of themselves, abo4 thb mati-
ter' and. haNe furdisfied a report to this House dn'in forma-
tion.obtained'from. oth&s.' The* building'is* good enough-
for All -the urposes conteniplated in its erectivn ; and. I -
protest against the 4aste of a, lazge sum -of money to de-
stroy it..
Mr. Chal irman, whilst gendermen st6od. rehd to.waste
orre hundred and fifty or three hundred thousand dollars,
not to build up, butto desfroyis-it not a little singular thA
th(ty refuse-to vote one.farthing to pjupoess Irtdian hostili-
ties, or. place the Xtontier in a.state of defence 7 The.whole
-of your frontier.border is now threaterfei 'with a bloody and
desoLating war.- The tomahawk has been giound, andthe'
.9"calping knire is whetted fqr the, blood.yactibn ;'and.from
the Upei Lakes to tIre ihores of. the Sabine You-hear'the,
war-cry of the infuriated sava'gq of the fonest. You are
.called on for money to defend the lives and property of those
wh6m to profiecf, and what is Y.our idpiy- 1
The Treaspry is exhau, tod; the pro pedits of the country
,-*are gl(yomy'; -you.-mlist wait a little lo.nger; assistancee an-
not now be giyen! Sir, wait a little-longer 1 and how Iona
muit-we wait! Tilt youi border:is deluered-in bl6od, yotir.
lands devakated and. your Zoflqping are ;ive*n to the faggot.
and the knife: and all this must be waited for, becausepo-
liticlahs.ett the other-e'rid-of tfie Capitol wa:nt to66e the.Ex.-,
-ecutiv6 mahsion.*
-Mr. ChaiTmah, r-represent a-people who are*as intelli-
gpt asthey Are patriotic, and a economicAl as thei. are
brave-andhardv. Thqydeniand afree paiticipa'tionin' the
affairs-of this Unionj and they st-an.j.ready to- denounce
pyoqigality and extravagance, Whetever it be found' Th.ey
-never can b4 made capable of ju4tifyipl the gross-and un-.
parlonable wiste and abuse wfiibh thid bill) if paiseq, must
ca 'inits train; and,-in the-name of the Alne.rican Feo-*
p rri -n in
le; protest against its pase: a d' i Ooing so, I apr
peal to the friends -of tKfs Adminisir'ation in Congres to
veto a meas ure at once, *hich, if siubulitted t6 by them,,will
at once.justify the abuse that.has been liped upon them
b hir foes, and seal' without reflection or-objection, the
liar e of profusion and prodigality, which has been Or
months Tung in'their.ears by th6ir foes.
Having'said much more than I origially -d.esigned- to
say, a nd having frespassed on the patience afid ind-u.fgence
of the committee, I yield the floor, again andagaiih mQst un-r
equivocally protesting against the pasdagdof the bill"
Mr..EVERETT defendo, the bill with i much.*arnest-
negs, dwelt upon the unanimity-of the committee-, the high
,character *of the architects, 'their freedom- from. a4yy ifile.-
rested niotives, the-. capacity of the -committee to form a
correCt judgment eii a subj&t'of ihis kind, and insisted,
.witil peculiar force, on the immnse-.eienditurie of .'money,
to which Congress*would -qtind: com"mitt6d; if -the present
plan shcruid be turrW.out. He adv'ised Mr.'YiLL W hav6.
a plan oftbis building lithographed, dnO Oiown to hig cion-
stituents, aDd to apprize them t the- saine time, t-hati is a
friexfd of efdnomy;. he had voted for goin bn with b.-Ian
*hich wouldcost, firit for this bUild'jing 900,000; $9M,000
.more, for ahother to corrslion(f wilh it, and .$1,800,000
iiare for tw-6 *O'thers; inAing, in All, ao exp6riditute of inore
than. 830,600. He v;as opposed to pledging' the coun*-
try to any such. expenditute. Thv.*arqhitect'-had On.
stfue.ted -it in' such a way as inust necessarily OeAtroy-'the*
p1resent -State. Depaitinent. A.- Kreater frAu'd -had--. -neve'r
een omnfitted 6n a Legislatfire in this or any-othercoo'n-


ihe bonds of Ae respective pur6asers, with s*ecqrlty* 16 ry
.satisfactidn. And'on full. paymnt Zf -the-purtihas*e money and
-interesi, and on the sade-being 'ratified 6y.ihoz'said Cplurt,'I will
execute to eicb. purchaser, Ws beirs or asgi'gn, at- hii or.'their
cost and request, a -valid'deea of *cbriViyance in 'fee simple 'of
he prefflhj6 sold, Wiih all -the interest an.d 6state'.1herein,6f the
parties 0.t4e befbre-m6nttond iuit,'..
Ir the teinus of sale be not comf tied witH. in threeday's J,
reserve the right to rdg6ll'the premis;S, -atthe rl'pk 4n st of.
the purthase* r in default, -at pulilie abstion;Ar cash, or.im an*v
Aerms and. credit thwt I shali deernrea'sonable, after'6ne wepk"s
notice by adyertiseindnt.-in sarpe newspaper publishe4'in tfie
city of Washington, setting forth the tlmle,*.pla", and terms of
sale, CLEMENT'COX, Trustee,
E. I)YER,
-ap 23-eAds'; Aucti-one.er,

T FtUSTEBIS SALIge-ValuaUe Square.-iB ir-
tue -o( aL decree. of the Orcirit lCoiirt- of the Djstrict of
:Columbia, for the county o*f Washington, sitting as 'a Cogit of
Chanceiy, made in *tbe.*cause'of ttie 'petitioti -of Igna'tius F.-.
'Young; by his natural guardibn una next-friehd find otlierv, I
.Will offer it.ptiblic sale, at th6 auction- rdomsof*Edviard'Dver,
.in the city of Waihingtop, on the Sth.day.bf May neztj'im`me--
diately after. ike sale -of the Squares -and Lots *advertised -by
Clemeth.cox, Esq., one i1ndivided moiety of Squa!e -No. 4V of-
said city of Washington, with. the.apurtpuarkeps.
Teims are One-fourth cash, -and the, Val.ance at six; iline, -
4nd twelve monthdi on interest from thp dqy of sale, to be* Be-.'
6ured- by the purcjia;er's bond, -%ritg datrisractory "runity ; anti
on lhv full ayment ofthe purchalse moriy and intereit,' I wili
exe6ufe, td.tife purchase'r; qf his c;stt kL valia deidof donvey-
-ance of the p*remises:
I f th e'. termsare jiotcQmpliedNvith in three day's, the right is.
reserved to the quatee- to resell at- pubjic*abction for'cabb,. after
.thyeedayi' advectisein4fit, at the risk and cos[ 6f the to7irner
purchaser.
GEORGE-W.'YOM-G, Truiitee.'
EDw-ARErDYER,
Auoti6ne4r.
By virti.16 of aiji aiitlioritj* 6om W6 -o*ii4r of thd.
other 'moiety of the db6e Sqiiare,.Iwill offer the.Aroe ai pub,-
lie s06, at i1d same time an4 lace; and on-the same tetawas.
boyeset forth. .' '- ... .. !. I t "
GE61tGE W.* Y'O U NGj -Agent.
-may "J.-o&ds EDWARD DYER, "Auctiqueer.,
IVRENC2H- LIDY'S' TlRA-tFlRtLl[VG CON,.;
PAN 10,W.. ',k single lady, Opable of Ipakilig herself
upefhl to any Idy or family trafelling fe or in .'Europe, would_
be glad to engag6 heriklf as lady's* atte ndiA or govekneds of
.chiltirtn, ndfinditig such.ocoupaliowin tbig city in her profes;:
sion as wantuamakdr,.partly from not: -well undeistaridirig'the
Engtish langliap, as.to affird her' a comfoCtable. itibaijitenc7e.'


HAVR JUST itIECEIVED a large. stij)ply'of
.W!Spring Goode, which wifl c.btbpl'ete- our assortment for
the season-; among thei are
Superiou Silks, Slialleys air;d Ondines
Blue-blark and Mourning Shalleys.
Lead colored audblack rivtd Muslinar
London'Muslins'arid pKinted Lawns
Gloves, Threadi Laces and Inseitings
,French Collars and 0pes
Fancj HandUercbiefs and Seal-fis
Gingbame and Micoes, in superabundance
Plaln and hefhstit6h,d Linen Cambric. Handkerchiefs
A case-of Laaie's, white and colored Cotton Hosiery -
.1 case'of Missee' do of alfsizes.
ALSOI
1 -case Jnglish Straw &)n.nets
1' do -do double, plait Bonn-ets
f do Vlorence brid do.
I do-Missqs' white do.
I do superior Paradol's. (m'ade to border
B6side-s ihe above, We have, 1b; g0tlemen-
2 cases Irish Linens
1-cas ge'n'uiue Forsyth Nanieens
.20pi0ces of-black, blue-.bltic,.*-brown,.and'o'ther'.hu'mmer
Cloills.(plain',and twilled)
'20 pi6cea superior hoheyeom.6 ind. royal ribed Russia Drills
20 do brown'and whiteplain do
-20 do -Angola. Casimeres
50' -do. Pre rich an d Germ an Li pens a"rid stout Twills for boys
A sDiendid asortrnent of' $halley and Maricilles Vestings
I case Gentlennen'13 superibr UnibrOlas, apd Stocks, Suppen-
ders, SIlk Handkerchiefg, -Q46ves,- Hose and.half Hqse;
Cxavats,'&c. in great 'variety.
All or.the above, wiih manr other desirable. Goode, su'itble
for the season, have been purchased on the-most advantageous
.terms at the Nortb,'and will be -disposed of acedrdingly, -
We inv'te.urchasers to' call ;nd examine '6ur -Stock -beroire
buyinig else-where, ajo we ar6 detdrmined to se* cheap.
WM...& GEO. STETTINIU9,
may 7-3t Pebn. averUie, near Brown's. Hotel.
CATLINI;s '.INDIAN- GALLFRY.-will open off
Thursday morning, the !26th' instant, ai 9 o'clock, avd.
wntinue open* during.the day. and. everkipg, fQr a short tim.e
only. -The whole r,'aileqtion neatly arkanged on the.'walls, with
fuil and.descriptive catarogfies, in *,the. Wigwatg;" on Penn-
sylvania Avenife, neaxly opposite Gadsby's Rotel, and n' Ar 4j
Street, Washington City.
Mr. CATLIN-, who hag beerr. 6i ;even years traveiving the
Prair.iesof the Far-West," and procurffig did Poctraits of the
most djstinguishedlndion's*of those fincivilized regioris, togelh-
ler with Paintings pf their Village&, Buffalo 14unt's,: Dances,
Landscapes of the C *untry, Wkc. %v ill endeavor to en-
tertain Ile citizens of-Was'hington, for a sliori time, with an lex -
hibition of Thre; Hundred and Thirty Portraits.aud niAnerous
9th6r Paintings whic+r he has aollected from 38 differeat teibes.
speaking7diffeient languages, all.-Of whQui he la's been among,
and ppinted his pidtures from life.. -Portra4ts of Black Ha*wk
and nine of'his Principal: WArriors are'amen& the.-number,*
painted ar Jeffbrsron7 Barracks, w6ile priioners of wai,,'in their
-war dress' and war paint. -Tbe Porti-its of 06eola, eno-:
pah, find othee -Seminole Chie-f..* Also, four paiijtings repKe--
sbriting the Annual Qigious Cereiiiony of th6 Mandans, idoing
penance by ipflicting the most crul torturies up*on* their bddi-es
-passingknives, and. splints through Itheir flesh, and subpe nid-
ing heir- b6dies by their wounds, &c'.* A seriqs'of Ono. Hun-
dred Land scape*Views, descriptive 'of the picturesque Prairie
Scenes 6f th; Upyer- Missodri ;nd ther parts of die We'stern
regions a uQnificent Orow Lodge or Wigw*ain-, 26 6et
high, brought from t6e foot of the Rocky Mbuntains, ind i
serie (5f Twelve 'Buffalb Huntiog St-enes, toge;Lher with sple-.
did specimens of.Coitume, will alsol3a ixfiibiled.
]Y The.great interest of this dollection. consists in its-being .
a repiesenlatiod -of the wildest "tribeik.of.ifidians in.Aw0iC4,
and entirely in 1hpir- n.ative habits aj;d p7osturrits : consisting pf
Sioux; Puncabs, Kabzasi-ghienns,.,Crovs,:Ojibbi*
& itys, Asiib-:
eboins, Man4ans, -,Cree.s, -Blaakfet, Snitkes, Mahaa,- Ott6es,
Joi!ays,'Flath6ads, W-eahs, Peorias, Sacs, Foxes,
goes, Mtnomionies, Minatarrees' Rickar
$ bd,Os4es,--Cama:n--
ches; WicosPa-vvnee-]iets, Kibwas,* Seminoles, Eucliees,'afid.
others. Admittartep 50 cents--cb ildreo7, half. price-reeison*
ti-ekets $I.. ap !;!-'tf
M 4S. 1!A-T-1MFR having removedito the bouse bn 7ifi
Weet,-recently occupied by the. PosirpasierGpriertd,
can. iccommod;te 1;e*frieh4s as u*sual,.
Good stabling apd coah-h4;asi attached to'to'p premises.
may3--eo4tif-
ANVIENT lFRAGMENTS.-Just r*eceived* for sale
by F..TAVLQIZ, in one'volumq, a'Allection- of*old an'd
rare fragments, 6antaining--
The Morals or.ConfurAus) the Chinese philosophy ej
The Oracles of -Zorloaster
.TanchoniathoYffistor, of'
_y the Creation
ThjeV6yagesof H ainno *round- the' Coast of Africa, Ave -b'un.-
drdd yeats before Christ.
Xin A rjupsl'a-*Ilislory. of theAfir.i
.g Hie can SeUlefnentg.
TranslatiORSfrO e Punic'Books
Thp Sayings'of Publius Skins
Egyptian -FragEqents; Writiogs of lWaiLetbo
Sayfngs of the'Seven W.ise Men o7f Qr07ece";&.c, I-Volume,
of 298-pakes, ha;diomely printed, price 7'5cents.*-.'.*
.-Plato '-on lmmortqly *of 11be -Soul'. in 4 voi (Dacier's
.trAu7slafti6n) with Aotes, aid a. life o(Plato, by Fenelon, I v6l..
62ceuts.. mav 7


exeeding' that of -ordinary freestone. Be's Ws',- --the lo'e-a-1
position oe the presek bijilding, betWeerr a street on one
.side and the Piesident'' -grounds on -the othr, preve'rited'
th6re -being. room to Place these m 4terials w* hife.-thi now
.structure sliould.be'erepted. They could not b6 1id Jn
the sireet. It wo uld' not do to lay thein in -the' Pr&ident's
garde.n and ground's ;'antl it. iva's better tc remdve them,- as'
they were -taken down, to the site.on w1ii.rh the.Post Office
was to be erecied..
.. Mr. -TALIAF9RR0. suggested that.th6re was rooin at the-
soutb,'towards*t he river, but
Mr. U*,-;COLN reminded him. ihaf id thit. di'iectlofi the*
ground- _uddenly fell away. These, weighty materials
would b aye 1.6 -he-ciarripd down hill,- and then firought up
aga:in,'at -an e:Fpejise far griater than would be requisiM
to transport th6ni to the site of tfie Poist Office:
. Mr. TA`LjA-VEP.R0 swr adhered to-the 0illion he had*ex-
pressed, -but thbught he had discovered in th reply of N1r.
'LINGO LN -the true' ileason why thes 'materials, Vverb t6 be
eihplojed in-the erection of theAPost Office.. It was'pror
osed to ere(;t' the-new Treagqry.6 grhnite,-ai;d the rea-
sQ ris in support of it were th ait it was. m.ore durable, and
could- be fiirnihe'd. as cheap- as freestone. Mr.* T. could
not yld his assent -.t6 eit4er-p6isiti6n. 4s to expe*nse, -alf
.ekperkenct! liqd proved that.-graRite was niore expensive'
by fifty per cen't. at lehst ; a nd, as t5 d tirabilitv,.he could
take that.gbutlemiu into Virtirniq*, eLnid show him 4h resi--
dence of Gov. Spottswood, buifding breceil of 'this very
sndiionei, 'and expoied to all weathers toF forty e'ars, and
which was as sobnd now as on thi diay vvhen it was pqt up.
. Mr. ME1WER madd Rome statemen'ts in relatibn to the'
exknie of granite bjuildiag. That employed in t4e'Mo-*
nocacy aquedUct -bad- cost. but $4: a perch. As,'to the?
sandstone, so fitr' from, its beink a durable material -that'
em1.4ed in the' efection of' the Capitol Was already isin--
tegrdtin*g under the.eftets of'the climate, hotwiihstandifig
it had -'receiv ed repeated hea.:vy coats of paint,,each- one of
whicE had cost'$5,000.
,Dn motion of Mr., NAYLPR*.thecommittee now rose,
and- the Hodst adjourhed.


R COMMENDED. BY-THE MEDICAL FA--
UUETYFJOPOAWO U10WAR08- Unproved
Compound Fluid-Extxact of Sars6,parilla for the.c-ure of-
Scrofula,- or Kig's Evil) ObstEnare eruptiqhs of &
Cl!roniE'Rheum;itistTj,. rkini
Syphiliti6 land Nercurial Urcerous Sores,
Disealbses, Pa:ins-idthe Bones,'
Wfiite Svzellfings, General -15ebility
and*all diseases requirinjhe -id otalteraiNe inedicifies.
. This Eiaract is prepared-from an improved formula7, sanction-* I
cd bv grientifle Phwhir.141y-nk nnti --A A-' A






- p -


---i--l- --- W *l-^
S OFFICIAL.- ROM THE GLOVE. ,

U. S.iPIIGATE CONSTELLATION,
S. .Pensacolct .aI,.April 25, 1838,
SIR: The Granmpus has this moment returnedfrom Veia
Cruz, and brings the .enclosed papers,*being'a report frbm.
Commander BREESE, dated the 16th instant, and copy of a
letter to 'him),. ith 'circular enclosed, from thd French
Commandant off Vera Oruz, declaring a blockade of all'
the ports of Mexico, The. utimatutn and reply meition-
ed by Commande'r BaREs4 were nbt forwarded by him, but
J understand they will be found in a package" of papers
.-fr6m'our Cons'uliat Vera. Cruz to the Sedretary o'f-State,
which.I this day transmit by the regular m'ail..
SThe Otario and Conodrd'are.now in the Guf, the first
at Vera Cruz, and the'latter'off Tampico..
The Vandalia'sails to-niorrow br next day for the coast
.of Texas and Mexico.
I have tlhehonor to be, very re'spectfurly, your.obedient
S seivant, : A. J. DALLAS.
Hon..MAHLON DiCKERSON, .
Sec' pf 'te Navy, Washingto, D.. .
S. ...S. SHIP ONTARIO,
'. Sacrvicios, April 16, 1838.
SIR: I dispatch the Grampus to apprize you. that the
Frenth iinistei, Baron. Deffaudis, received yesterday from
Mexico'the'reply of this Government to. bis ultimatum,.
hic.th. hot -poving satisfactory, -it has been determined to
commence immediately the blockade bf the ports of the'
"Republh Herewith,- send the French. commander's.'cir-
cular to that effe.t. I have requested out Consul to pro-
Scrie a copy.of ithe French' ultimatum, and the reply there-
to, and hope to obtain them'in fime.toforwird by the.
saho6ner.. .
'Tjiere are n9 nierchant vessels of any ration now in
pot, and ,but one Ahaarican-the Ani Eliza, of New
York--expected. The blockade will be rigid as respects;
merchant vessels, but nonepthers. The French force con-
sists at.present of one frigate and five-brigs'; another fri-
gate daily expected. A gun brig will leave tlis eveaing,
with despatahes. for the- French minister-in the United
.States, for Pensacola. '. '
The Concord is here, and I shall direct Captain'Fitz--
hogh to proceed off Tam*pico, communicate with' our Conr-
sul there, -afd proffer any.'assistance thatiour countrymen
theie-tray require at -his. hands. I shall remain with this
S ship here, until the'excitement that the'blockade may cre-
ate on shore has subsided; and then, if the presence of a
vessel-'o war.be no longer necessary, proceed to the.coast
qf Tetas in prosecution of your further orders.
Very-respectfully, sir; your obedient aervant,
." SAML. L. 'BREESE.'
Commhodore' A. J. DALLAS, .
S Com'd'g U. S. Na. Fo. in W.'In; 4- Gulf of Mexico,
S .'* 'STATION OF THE GuLF. OF MEx'Ic6,
On board His Majesty's frigate P'Hernrione, at anchor off'
Sacrificios, April 16, 1838. .
The commnandei of the station of. the.Gul'.of Mexico
.has the horfor to inform Captain Br6ese, of the sloop of
.wairOntari6, that he -has just made known to the Mex'i-
can Governmeut the "blockade'of all the ports of .the Re-'
ubic. He sends enclosed a copy of the circular address-
ed by hiniself.and the Minister Plenipotehtiary of" France
to the French consuls established in. Mexico ;''aqd at the
Sesame time 'h begs Captain Breese to accept the assurance
of his distinguished consideration... .
.. .. JBAZOCHE.

Circul&r' agreed uporbeteen the. Minister Plenipdtentia,
ry ofFTrance, in Mexico, da d the Commander of the Na-
.'al Station, -notjfijng the Ftench' Consuls established in
S Mexico of. the declaration of the blockadee of. all the
Sports of'the Republic.
-.. n consequence of the- rejection of the ultimatum ad.-
'dressed.on the 21st of the last month to the Mexican Go.:v
S ernment, by order ot the- Kinig's Government, it has been
determined that the ports of Mexico shall be-immediately
blockaded, -for the purpose of preventing all entry to or .de-.
-partur.e from them.. .- -
S. Inthis state of things, the Baron :Deffaudis and the
Commander'Bazoche have adopted the following princi-
ples foi'the'blockade
S. .No.neutril vessel proceeding towards the entrance of
(he blockaded ott-- shall be detained or -captured, if she
-.has-not-previously received from .ohe of.the vessels of the
French division a special notification .f the -existence of
S the blockade. This notification shall'be, moreover,-insert-
S ed in writing on the muster roll 'of the- neutral vessel,'by
.the cruiser which meets her; and' it shall contain -the an-
nouement, together with statenieibts of the day and the
S"- latitude in whieh it was made. '- .
"2. -Neutral vessels which may be already in one of the
Sport's of Republic before the blockade bof such port, will
ha'vfullliberty to- depart, withlr without cargo," during
Sfifteen days, dated from. that.uponrL which the. b]ockade'is
..established.: .
The ports of Vera Cruz, and .Tanipico -will remain
S. entirely free for'the entrance -and departure of. the Biit-
ish post office, military, and non-commrercial packet vessels.
4. The ports of the Mexican Republic" shall remain' ed-
t irely free for the entrance arid depature of Mexican boats.
'- exclusively engaged'.in fishing, unless the French-.nav'al
divisionh should be hereafter forced, in retaliation, to with-
"draw this beilevolent disposition.. ..

Tranislhtion of a note [to Mr.rFotsy thj from the
Minister -Plenipotentiary of France, accompa-
: nied by a document.. .. .
SIR.:'IThe Mexican G-overnment'having refused to ac-
'"ept thxe ultimatum, addressed', with the.viewv of effecting-


a reconciliation, to it 'on the '21st of-.Maich last, by the
'Frehch Government, the King's Minister in Mexico; who
is at this moment on board the frigate l'Hermiohe, has just
Scominunicated by me, ?y meairs of the.a'rmed brig. 1'Eclipse;
sent for the purpose to-Pensacola, this refusal, as also'the
.' measures which it had.induced Capt. Bazoche, the comman-
der, of the-French- naval forces, 'to- employ.; a-nd I hasten,
sir, agreeably to his Majesty's orders, to make'known' to
the Government of the United States the -following official
notification: .. .
All the ports :of Mexico are declared to" be in a state oef'
.' blockade: T'his blockade is re lered effective (or to be
enforced) with regard to Vera Cruz from arid after the'5th
S oi'the last month, and' has doubtless been since extended
to the other paits of-the Republic. : ,
SThe orders received by the commander, Bazoch'e,'for the
execution of the duty committed to him, are, as you see
sir, froi,the ianrexed extract of the despatch sent to me
S by Baron de Deffaudis, entirely conformable with'the libe-
ral.principles.professed by France on the sl;bject of-bilock-
aded; and they are drawl up in such a manner as to.pre-
serve neutrals, especially the vessels of.the -United States,
S from all restraintisand vexations (entraves) which are not.
* absolutely in'dispensable"for the attainment of the lawful
e nds.proposed by the King's Government. -
On addressing you, sir, this communication, I'have the "
honor tp request that you would be.so kind as to acknow-
ledge'the receipt of it as.soon a. possible, in order .thit the
brig.l'EcIipse may not be detained at Pensacola waiting
for my answer longer than necessary..
S.I avail my'sef, sir,.of this occasion to renew to you as-'
urances.of. my high consideration. .
E. DE PONTOIS.
STo the Hon. J. PORSYTH, .
Secretary of'State of the United States.. ..-


extract from the despatch of the Baron de Defaudis,
S ." dated April 15, 1838. '
S On board His Majesty's frigatd l'Hermioie, at anchor
off .Sacrificios, near Vera Cruz. .
1. No'neutial vessell pioceeding towards the entrance '
of the blockaded ports sh-aH be detained or captured, if she
. ; has not grievously received from one of the vessels, of the.
French division a'.special notification of the existence of


'boats.exclusively .engaged in fishing, unless. the..Frenech*
naval divisionshoqld be'hereafter forced- in retaliation, to
.withdraw this benevolent disposition.'' -. '
You see, sir, th.t.M.'B3azoche -is desirous -of confining
himself to the employment of- th'e.mildest measures of res-
traint,' fdr the purpose'of obtaining'the reparation due by
.the Mexican Government to France, unless fresh attacks.
upon.the persons or.property of the King's subjects residing.
in MIexico should require him -to adopt means decidedly
severe.- Nbw.this persistence in the system bf mod'eratib,
indicated by my ultimate,; is rendered worthy of praise,
after the recent 'conduct Uf the.Mexican *Government;
which, in-tolerating. (if it did not .even provoke, by its offi-
cial'writings,) the publication of'the most odious calum-
uies.respecting our intentions to- conquer, the country, to
dismember its.territor3j.etc. did not hesitate to -expose to'
the fury of the,populace,-with the sole end of maintaining
itself in.power, not 'only our countrymen, Iblt likewise all
-foreigners established in the territoYy of-the Republic. This
c'opddudt is. essentially contrary..to-the laws of honor,.of
.civilization, and'of.humanity. You also.see,.sir, frdm the
principles adopted by M. Bazoche as the rules of his c6n-
duct, that it-is our desire to preserve neutrals from all tHe
restrictions and difficulties (entraves) which are not abso-
'lutelyindispensaple for the purpose which we' are endea-
voring lawfully to effect. am also happy to b-e able.to
state to you a circumstance" which proves our sincerity
upon this point, especially so. far as" relates-to. American'.
On this verv'day, the commander of the sloop of war On-'
tario called on us on-board the frigate l'Hermnione, to speak'
to' us respecting the.approaching 'arrival of the packet- Ann'
Eliza, engaged in commerce, and in carrying.letters from.
Nev York. We were obliged to express to him rour. re-
.gret at the necessity-under which we should be of forbid-
ding this -vessel from entering Vera-Cruz, as we should also'
.do with regard to our owp mairipackets from la'vre. But
we have, at the same time, promised that oicer,-at his own
request, to allow the-consignee of the Ann Eliza to com-
municate,.with.her at sea, to receive her letters, and to give
instructions -with regard to her future.destination.
SAccept, sir, etc.' BN. DEFFAUDIS.

NATIONAL THEATR-E.-WASHINGTON.
TO*
BENEFIT of HER R CLINE, and last night of the season.
THIS EYE-N-ING; MAY 7, .
WVill be performed the laughable-petite EOmedy of
.RAISING.THE WINp. "
HERR CLINE will then appear. On which oceasidn-he will
make his first Grand Ascension.from thd stage to the'" allergy.
His G XANDiOTHE Will also make her first' and only -appear-
ance, and dance a Pas de Deux with her son. The ascension
will .take place precisely at 8 o'clock. -
.Thhewhel.to conclude with the laughable Farce of
MY FELLOW QLERK.
-M[ONU MENTS OF. WASHINGTONA'S PATRL-
.L OTIIM.--For a lenevolent'object.-Maty be had
at roost of the Bookstores in this city, at Fowler & Co's Ex--
change Officerand at the f'oward Institution. The favp'r of th'e.
publishers of papers in the District is requested to give this a
fe insertionsr. .. may 7-3t
C (YOKE'S GALLERY. OF PAINTINGS.--At
the request cf many persons, the above beautiful and in-
teresting paintings will be again open for exhibition .this day,-
Saturday, 5tl instant, and remain opeh daily for -a short time
only. Open from 8 o'clock A. M. to sundown, and frdm half
past 7.to10 P. M. Admittance 25 cents, children 1-.2. .
may 5-3t (Globe).,
:.T'HE Annual Meeting.of the- Medical Association of
SWashington will be held on Mondqy, 7th-.Ma, 12 3M:
at the City Hall N. YOUNG,
may 5--2t [rGlo] ". Secretary.-


ASHINGTQN CITY G.TUAR)S.--A meeting Of
S .'the company, and of those persons disposed to join, will
.be held this (Monday) evenjig, at the-City. Hall, at h1lf past 7-
o'clock. .If the requisite number are "present, an eection-'of offi-
cers.Will b'e held. *.
C ,H'AS. H JIAMES


-may 7


HENRY ANDERSON,
S E. .G. ELLIQTT, '
S Committee.'


A STATED MEETING of the Waghington 'Light .In-
fantry will be held this (Monday) evening at, the usual
'tine and place. .Punctual attendance is requested. .By-order,
S H. F, BYRNE,-
Smay 7-. -Secretary '
ORTICULTURAL.-The subscribe lhas appointed
Mr.-JOHN GARDINER sole agent 'at'Washington foi
the' sale of his warranted Garde .Seeds, and firm ihim only
can they henceforthI be obtained. DAVID LANDRETH; .
S Philadelphia.
JOHN GARDINER is supplied with a general assortment
of the above warranted Garden Seeds, i'aised.near Philade-.
phia. Each paper bears the.label and'warranty of Mr. Lan-
dreth; 'consequently, the purchaser may rely. upon having
them genuine., He solicits the.patronage'of his friends and"
the Public at" his warranted -See'd Store, F street, between- 9th
and- 10th. -
Half:of I- s house, furnished, to let, to a'small genteel family.
may 7-eo3t (Gtlole&Mid) .
"C H CKERING PIANOS.- Jdst opened at S'ationers.
Hall,,Htwo superior Mahoga'ny had one'. Rosewiod Piano
.Forte, made to ordri by the celebrated manufacturers J. Chtck-
erin, &'o. Boston,, which willbe'sold.at their prices.
may 7 -. (Adv.) -W, FISCHER.
GOLD AND SILVER L~EAP, &c.-W.:FISCH-
ER keeps constantly-for sale-:
SKing's best Gold and Silvet Leaf,
Gold Foil, Gold and Silver Paper, plain and embossed, -
Gold Shells, Pink Saucers, Cofitels Crayons, .
India Ink, Slabs, Pallets, .
Camel's hair and other Brushes,
All of-the. Very best quality, and- at -the lowest prices,-at Sta-
tioners': Hll. (Adv:) "may .7"
EXTRA FINE. FLORENCE BRAID AND
ENGLISH .STRAW BONNETS.-Now open-
Jng at ALLEN'S-
10 cases of.the above description, such as Victoria, French
S Cottage 'and Grecian gtyle Bonnets
1000 Plorence Braid and English Straw Bonnets'- '
200 extra fine plain and variegated,- very cheap
300 Misses and. Children's Hoods and Cottages
*Artificial. Flowers, Wreaths,'Garrlands and Bunchesr
Tortoise Shell Combs and Fancy Baskets .
Handsome colored La,%ns and Muslint, Silk Parasols.
Jaconet'Cambric, Book and Swiss Muslins
.Fine Needle-worked Muslin Trimmings.
Satins, Mantua and.Cfp Rribands .
SLinen,-Cambric and Silk.Handkerchices
'Silk, Thread and.Cotton'Gloyes. Silk Uinbrellas.-
A large assortment bofCotton Hosiery '
Forsyth Nankeen and Pantaloon Stuffs
"French Linen Drillings and Vestings.
-Fine Long Cloth Shirtings and Sheetings
SPhiladelphia made Window Blinds .
1,000 fine green, white and black Palm Leaf Hats
Apid a great variety of useful and fancy articles, on sale by
S JQHN ALLEN, -
* 'mayy7-eo3t '. Pennsyfvania avenue.
W HIsKEY, POTATOES, AND PLASTER.-
-W 40 bbis Wat'son's superior Family Whiskey
.30 do J..Flagg's rectified do -
100.0 bushels very superior Pqtatoes, for seed-
S L80 tons-Plaster .."
Hay, Shorts, andl Ship-stuff. *
Just received, and for sale low, by
*- CONRAD HOGMIRE,
may 7--3(1. Water st. Georgetown.
.W WESTERN BACON.- .
S5,000 Ib4. Bacon, assorted, .
'400 small-sjzed Hams,
*quality very superior, for:sale by GEO. LOWRY;',
niay 7-3t Georgetown.

140)0' BITSHELS OF POTATOES.--Ishall
000V 8 sell,-on Tuesday morning next, at'10 o'clock,-
at my auction-.tore, and which are now afloat, 1,000 bushels of
Irish Petatoes, iri excellent order for seed. They will be sold
in lots to suit purchasers.: Til're is a sample to.be seen' at the
.store, and tbose on board vessel are warranted to be of the same
description-sounrd and in'good oEder.
S. EDWARD DYER,
may 7-2t Auctioneer.


SECOND-HAND, CARRIAGES, &C.'I have for
sale, at private sale, two excellent second-hand four-.wheel-
ed Carriages, suitable for familycarriages, or will make very
excellent hack's. They are strong, and in good order, and can
be seen at any time on application at my store.
Aldo, a second-hand Barouche, for one'or two horses, which
can'also be seen.at any time. '
If'the above Carriages are rnqt sold at private sale before next
Saturday morning, they will then b.e offered at public sale, in



SWAsHI rT-ON,
"E "iety' nd Union, row anda brever, o"qne and
inseparable." '.


MONDAY., MAY 7,.838.
. . : .


" FRANCE AND MEXI00.'
.nn thl rede i f


In the preceding columns t.h reader wilLfin'd
there official .publication respecting the' blockade
of the ports of Mexico by' the drder of the.
French Governriment;'and will o'beive, therein,
that a very becoming solicitude has beenrmani-
fested.by the Gqvernment of France. to -guard.
'agai'nat ahy inconvenience fo.:neutralsothat can'
be avoided consistently with the 'purpose 6f that-
Government 'to harass the Government of
'MiEkico.: A Any interruption ofthe commerce of
Mexico, .however, must.be. of great inconve-
nin'ene.to the citizens of the .United States, by
Whom and .whose vessels it is largely carried on;
and wie cannot but hope that that-whichi is an-
n.otinced by the French -authorities will be soon
at an-end. .
On the subject of this step on the part of'the
Government, of France, we. have received, .and
we-publish with pleasure, the shbjoined- com--
munication;. upon which let-us only remark,
that we hope to have been generally understood,.
when alluditig, in our last,:lo .the possibility of-
collision between the national vessel's pf France.
and the United States, to-refer ohly to aceidenL
tal-collision: "-'We. are sure,, entirely sure, iha.t,
in the perfect gobd feeling .whih -exists be-.
"tween the citizens as well-as the .G6vernment
of the two countries, -none other can occur.
SFOR THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE.
The National. Intelligen'cerof last Saturday, in alluding
to the blockade of the coast-of Me'xico by France, expres-
ses-the regret that such. a step has beeh taken, --and the ap-
Sprehension that it may.produce a collision between Ame-
rican vessels and' the cruisers of'France, which may at-
tenrpt to'enforce a sweeping. paper- blockade, such as any'
t mere declaration of blockade of so extehsive-a coast as that
.of Mexico must -be. The'regret'is natural, since a mea-
'sure of that description 'must affect t e interests'efall those
who hold intercourse with Mexico, but the apprehension
will'be found, upop i'eflection, to be-groundless. :France
has- invariably' protested 'against a paper blockade, 'and
.maintained in fav.er of neutrals the protective principle of
an actual one; that is to: say, the necessity of the presence
of a naval force capable to secure it. She has'always,-in-
former as well as in recent circumstance, -put into practice
those liberal -principles which are also professed' by. the
-United States, and in the presentt.ase she.has developed
t-hem. in a spirit of.peculiai solicitude for the interests o6f
.neutrals, as, for example, by perrhitting'a free. ingress and
egress in and from the ports of Vera Cruz and Tampico
to all.military and. non-commercial packets that are em-
ployed for.thd purpose of trafisporting the correspondence.
The Irere reference.to these facts ought to- be sufficient to
dispel the.apprehension entertained. by the National Intel-
ligencqr,. and to convinGeall'refldctlng minds that no colli'
sion can possibly, arise between the .United-Stites aid
France from the measures which -the latter has thought
proper to adopt for the vihdication of the rights bf her citi-
zens, and which-will probably be but of a short duration.

E THE FLRIDA W.AR.-The following letter,
-which. we' find in the Boston Atlas, is 'noi of
Very Jate date, but it presents some. information
and- offers some speculations in regard to the
Florida war, which will be foundiriteresting:
S. PICOLATI, (E.-F.), MARCH 31, 1838'..
I was sanguine when I left you that's few weeks would
finish .te nfost-disgracefiil war any country was ever en-
gaged in; but there.is truth in the proveib l'komme pro-
pose, mats Dieu dispose. .We are apparently no nearer the
termination of this, contest than .we were two years ago.
There seems to be a portion of 'the Indians of this Terri-
tory, called the -Micasukies, who never will yield, and
whose murders and depredations will be continued till the
last-of then are destroyed. -The Seminoles proper could
be soon induced to emigrate, if it were not for the-others,
-and the. few successful attempts at emigration hive been
exclusively .confined to them. Yon know GeneralJesup,
iri person, had a slight affair with a party of them a-few'
wecks ago, which ended in another truce. with-that party.
It having been decided .y the Government that they could
not, under any circumstances/be permitted to remain in
the.country, the General. has seized them-and sent them
- off op Tampa Bay, under the escort of the 32f'dragoons and-
some TIampa militia. The party comprises about -five hun.
dred men,'women, and children. This-is the last which
can be done during this campaign.. "
-As nearly as I-can'estimate, we have now killed or cap-
tured about, one-fifth part: of.the. nation, and. have been
three campaigns in doing it: Al that rate we have twelve
more-td endure,-and -really there is more ground -to sup-
pose that-this number will.actually ha.veto be gone through
.with, than may at first sight appear;' for you must recol-
lect that, by thinning'them, each particular Indian becomes


so much harder tofind, and as they do not depend on each
other for subsistencee; (there being no. division of labor
Shmong them, each individual being- his own- butcher,
baker, and tailor, and, of course, independent of his neigh-
bor,) the death or capture ofonre is n6 reason .why another
- should yield. The Micasukies hake got back to their did
grounds -about Micafiopy. On the 28th' they killed two
citizens so near the garrison at'that place that'their screams.
were heard by the soldiers; they ran pff, however, before
'the trbaps could give any assistance. 'I hear, to-day, that
-they have since killed another mar t ithin eight miles of
the same place.. About a foitnight since they murdered
'ten persons on New rivbi-one woman and one child alone
'escaping out of three families. .
- In addition to this, I hear that two of the Georgia'volun-
tears have- been killed somewhere on the Santafee;.they
.were cut off while engaged in hunting. This part of the
.country was entirely cleared of- them a few inonths'ago,
.but finding the whole army away South,they have mana-
ged to.slip.to the rear and recommence their old tricks. We
have certainly a bright prospect before us. '

. UNION COURSE, '(LokG ISLANDD) Second Day.-It
was. raining all day, (Wednesday,) and" the trick was in.
consequence hea-vy.. The $3000 purse, two mile heats,
was contended for'by three horses, and the folloving'is the
result: .


Wm. R, Johihson's'b. c. Suffolk, by Andiew, out
. of Ostrich, 4 yeais.old,- .- 3
Jas..C. Stevens's ch. h. Dosoris,.by Henry, out
of Goliah's darr, 5 years old; 1
R. F..Stockton's imp. horse Langford, by Starch,
oqt of Peri, 5 years old, 2
STime, 3m. 55s:-3m. 56s.-3rh. 54s.


.1 1
i
' 23
3 dis


~ An adjourned meeting df the members and-friends.
of the AMERJCAN COLONIZA-TION SOCIETY will be held this


I


the city of Washingt6n, on Tiuesday, the 1st day of May
A. D. 1838, A. L. 5838, the following' proceedings were
-had ':
SW.herea the Delegates from Evangelical -Lodge No.
8;"-Alexandria, have presented- to the consideration of this
Grand-Lodge a memorial, signed by.a committee of said
lodge, and also a committee duly authorized- on the part of
Washington Lodge-No. 2P," -Alexandria, praying this
Grand Lodge to unite with said lodges in a public CFLE-
BRATION on.the'25th day of June next, as the ANNIVERSA-
RY OF -ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST, (the 24th being' on the Sab-
' bath,) and to invite the aid' of the ivhole .fraternity iri the
District of Columbia: therefore;be it
1.- Resolved, That this Grand Lodge, in vieW.of the're-
Sspectability and high standing of the.:appjicants, Lindividu-:
ally, as well as the .lodges they represent, arid conceiving.
the occasion. as one highly appropriate and interesting to
the Craft, do msqt cheerfully acquiesce in the.wishes of the
-memorialisis, and do appoint Monday, the 5th-day oflJune
nextt,.to be observed by the Craft ds a. G.RND M'SOrIC-
FESTIVAL throughout the District of Columbia, and do fur-
ther most earnestly exhort all true anrd worthy brethren"
(whose'avocations and conveniencewill permit) to unite
with them in the celebration df the day.
2. Resolved, That-this Grand Lodge appoint a.cominit-,
-tee of six,;to co-operate with a committee of two from each
subordinate lodge under this jurisdiction; to make the he-
cessarv arrangements.
3.' Resolved, Thai the'M'E..High Priest df' :Washinig-
ton R.-A. Chapter'No. '," and- the R. W. Masters and
other officers of the respective subordinate' lodges, be, and"
they are hereby requested to convene thbir lodges-as early
as practicable, frr the purpose of appointing committees ta
,meet the committee appointed on the part-df this .Grandl.
SLodge, on'Monday evening, the 14th day of 1My, (inst.)
at S o'clock, at the Masonic' Hall, in the city'qf Washington.
4..Resolv'ed, That the Committee of Arrangements are
'fully authorized-and requested to extend invitations to the
Past Gtand officers of the District, M. W. Grand Lodges
of the States of Virginia and.Maryland', hon..Heads of De-
partjments, and hon. Members of the Senate and Housb of
Representatives, who may be. members of-the- fraternity,
and all distinguished Masons who may'then be in the Dis-
trict "ofColumbia.. .. .
S5. Resolved, .That the' foregoing -resolutions, signed -by
the.M. W. Grand Master, and attestedd by the Grand 6Se-
.cretary, be published in the newspapers of the District.for
the information ofthe brethren.
Under the second- resolution, the committee corisists oft
the M..W, Grand Master, R. W. DIepqty Grand Master;
R. W. Grand Wardens, R. W. Treasurer, ahd. Grand Se-


As this robbery was committed by daylight, and on the
premises of the railroad company, we cannot avoid repeat.
ing a wish, heretofore expressed, and which the. public
convenience strongly demands, that' the railroad company
should employ a police officer, andl have hin constantly in
attendance on the arrival and departure of the cars, to.'pre--
serve order, and to protect the passengers from. every spe-
'cies of' annyance and depredation to which they are ex-.
posed by. the intrusion of negroes and others into the de:
pot, as haek-driverd, porters, waiters, &c. Such a. regula-
tion-is absolutely necessary to prevent accidents, robberies,
"misdemeanors, and. outrages,. which so frequently oc.ur on
the arrival of cars apd st.eamboati in this ana.other popu-
lous citie's. Mary such scenes. have been witnessed, both.
at th'e-steamboat wharf and at the.car office, arid many a
loud and hearty execratibn has been heard b.estowed- upon
the proprietors for nq't.affording. the passengers-greater pro-
tection. '-
We are told that.-in Baltimore arid Philadelphia police
officers are always to be found at the whirves:oh the ar-
rival'of the steamboats; and'it is very desiralile that one
.at least of our polic-e officer should be retained, by the.
"company-toact in the manner already suggested. "
~ *
DiSTRUCTION OF'CoL. HICkEY'S'DWELIlN'G BY FfRE.-'-
On Friday rnorning; about half:past 1 o'clock,-a fire broke
*out in the kitchen-attached to .Colonel 'Hckey's d.welting-
house, 'distant about two miles apd a half from this *city,
afid.east of the Capitol. 'Unfortunately, there was neither
-water noi assistance immediately at hand, As s6on as
possible, the servants and two br three kind neighbors were
brought to..th'e:conflagration, and with their ai'd; Colonel
Hickey succeeded in saving all the books, furniture, and.
bedding-on the first floor. All the .books,.furniture, bed--
ding, and clothing, indeed, every thing in the upper part of
the house, were totally destroyed with"the'house, which.
was an old conibustibldebuilding; that burnt with fierce ra-
pidity. By this fireCGol. H. is a loser (without'irsurance)
to the-amount of $1,500. .
It appears that the fire was the result of accident, or per-
haps- carelessness of a servant. But for this early and for-
'tunate discovery, ihe lives of Col. Hickey's family night all
have been sacrificed, .
,It-is certainly a very sin ular circumstance, that on the
Sunday preceding, the actual conflagration of Col..Hickey's
house, it was currently reported ii this city that his" dwel-
-liug was desttoyedby fire6 The report,'however, turned'
out to be unfounded. The cause of that alarm and report
was, that a colored man in the immediate neighborhood of


* ,


tn arnbo- -


M USIC BOOKS.-Just received.from Boston,te fol- .
.. lowing books: "
The ODEON; a collection of Secular Melodies,. arranged.
qand:harmonized for'-for voices, designed for.adult'.singing-
schools,'and fbr social singing.partie:, By.G. J. Webb and
-LLwell Masov. -
.. The BOSTON. ACADEMY'S collection'of Church Mjusic,
consisting-of.the mbst .popular psalm and hymn tunds, anthers,
senmednes,.chants,. &c. old and new. ." --" "
-'KINGSLEY'S SO.QIAjL. CHOIR, designed -for class book,-.
P the domestic circle, consisting of selections of music from the
most-distingaished authors..' The wholb arranged as solos,
ducts, trios, and quartettes, with.an accompaniment.fr the'piane
forte, .
THOROUGH BASS PRIMER, containing explanations anld
exariples, of'the. Rudimentg-bF Harmony,.with .fif.y exercises,
by.J. F. Burrows. "
PIRST STEPS TO THOROUGH BASg, in twelve fami.-
"lar lessons, betw.eer a' Teacher and Putp'il by a-'Teaclier.of. -
JMlusic. .
JUVENILE HARMONY,, contaiing appropriate hymns
'and'mid ic 'for Sabbath-szhools, Sab6ath seBool -anniversaries, .
.and fer.ily-devhtibn, by .N. Gourd. .. .
-MASON'S MANU-L for the.insfrnction-in the elements of '
Vocal music on the system of P.staloz'i.
SCALLCOTT'S MUSICAL GRAM~ MAR,.'in four.parts: 1.
notation; 2". mtod'; ..3. ha'rmony; '4.-rhythm. .'.
MUSICAL' CYCQLOf EDIA, oi- the. principles of- Music "
considered as a science and 'an art; embrqcitgq-"a cothplete .du.'n .
sical gramnmar,,b.y WmS. Porter ... *
AN EASY'GUIDE to vocal music, -chiefly with a. view.
to-psalmody, with an Historical Introduction, and Questions on
.tlte' Lessons. .
F. For sale bet.ween.9th and 10th streets, Penn. a enue,
ap.20 R. FARNHAM.
ULFNERDINANWD AND ISABELLA.-* Second edi-
SJ". tioni.-Histoly of th'e Reign 'f Ferdinand abd Isab'elht.
the Catholic, of Spain ; byWm: H. Prescott, ofJ3oston; 3 vols.
o'tavo,- fall clo.th,with engraved portraits, a steel, of Ferdinand
.and Isabella-and Cardinal Ximienes. ..
This w drk exhibits the im-portant revolutions'which took-place.
in the Spanish monarchy at the close of the fiffeenth 'and .ber -
ginning of the following century; the establishment of the.In-
quisitiorn; the.War and Conquest of Granada ; the Expulsion. of *
the Jews; 'the Conquest 6f'Naples; 'the Discovery and .Coloni
zationt of America; the Domestic -Institutijos of 1*CaAtile.and"\
Aragon I with a critical analysis' of the literary productions and'
-eharacter of the age.g It comprchends-the-Biographies ofFer-
dinand and-Isabella, of 'Cardinal. imenes,- of Gonsalvo de Cor*
'dova, ahd ofColumbus. .. .' -


* *


.FIRST GIUNi FROM--IISSISIPPI.'L

-Ain extra from tie Nashville Whig office Qof
April 28, gives us the first report of the'electidn.
lately held i'n MississIPP. for two Representa'-
tisves. .Itis'.rom Lo.wndes county, tn..ivlich,
at the last. electi.oh, the Whig candidate :for
.Gover or was thougKt to'have received a .vigor-
ous support in obtaining a niajofity of six votes
over hiq opponent.' In this county the vo.te.q for'
Congress were, '.. '." ..- .
SWHG. ADMINISTRATION '
For Mr. Prentiss 480 Mr. Claiborne p258
S 'Mr. Word 455. 'Mr. .Davis :- 232
S Whig iiajority -. 2.! "

THE VIGINIA ELECTION. :

SWe'are. indebted t.o the Richmond-.Whig' (of
Saturday last) -for the. following very c.1ar. and
.intelligible. account Of facts and probaBiJities' in'
regard" to. the political coniplexion of the Legis-"
lature of this State, .as. affected d-b.y the rate
election-;- .
-'. ELECTION RESULTS. ".
The Whig4 -have already elected 05'delegates ; the Ad--
ministration party 42. '.. .
SThe following counties are yet-to be heard from-. Their'
lastyear stood thus:; -
S.. fWhig: Adm.iqistratipn. .
Braxton and Lewis 1- Cabell "*1
Ess.ex 1 Floyd I 1
Fayette and Nicholas 1 Giles and Mercer 1
Westmoreland 1 'Grayson ." -1.
Wood I Harrison '2
Henry .' -1 Lee 1-
Logan "1
S 6 Mhson'and Jackson 1
S -Morgan. 1
Patrick 1
S. Pendleton- .1
S Pocahontas 1
S" -. ,Preston 1
.- 1 *
S.. Randolph 1. .
S "Russell 1
Scott i
Shenandoah 2
S -- '. Tazewell -1.
Tyer 1
S* *21 -
We ta'nd a fair chance for Cabell,Mason and Jacksop,
Pitrick, Randolph, and Tyler-5.. If we retain the 6 we
had last year, and gain these.5, the count will then 'be--
76 Whigs and -58 .Administration-men in the Hduse of
Delegates. The parties in the Senate--2 Administration -
and'10 Whigs. Joint Whig vUte 86, Administration do.
80." Whig majority 6. '
The reader.can-judge of the chances from.the data here
given.. .
APPOINTMENTS BY THIF PRESIDENT;:
THoMAS' GARBeii, J'AMES DUNLOP, and-BERN.ARD HQOE,
t6 be. Inspectors'of the'Penltentiary- in the District of Col-
umbia for the ensuing year. .. -

THE .MOSELLE DISASTER.. '

S- CINCIN.NATI, APRrr. 30, 1838.
'On Saturday afternoon, April 28, the mournful duty pf
committing to -the grave nineteen 'of the sufferers.in the.
destruction of the 'MOSELLE,- was performed in this city,
associated with a solemh funeral service; upon account of
all the sufferers.'
SAs the calamity wias peculiar and transcendent in its
horrors, so were-the funeral obsequies solemn anAd:inpos-.
ing. beyond any thing that has' ever taken place in-thisi
city -. .
A host.of.flhe citizens. of the owns of'Newport, and
Covington, .arid of the surrounding country, joined in the
procession.. It is estimated that more than twenty thou-
-and persons'were present. .
The committee appointed to make iquiiries into the num-
ber lost on the MosELLE,-furnish the following statement :
As nearly is can' be ascertained,..there. were on board,
at the time of the explosion, two -hundred and fifty-five
persons. -Of this number-58- are dead, 56 are missing,
S16 are wounded, 108 ate saved-total 238.. .
SBesides these,.several were known to be on board wIho
were not registered." ..
'The dissevered head of 'a-man was foufid on Saturday
at .he wreck of'the Mosejle ard recognised by Mr. skip, -
of St.. Clairsville, .one of the wounded.- Mr. I. says the"
deceased was an officer of-the Navy,-and wore the undress
uniform; arid that he was on the boat from Wheeling to
Cincinnati. Mr. I. di'd not make his acquaintance, nor
:learn his name. The deceased was of middle age, with.
healthy countenance., rather-weatherbeaten i.dark hair and
.full whiskers;. teeth.spa'ced, with an appearance of hav-
ing lost one from the front. .
'This notice is given for .the information of the friends
of the deceased; who will.probably know the description.
Gazette. .
MASONIC..
At the- semi-annual Oommunication of the Grand Lodge
of the District of Columbia, held at the Masonic Hall. in



i


F


t


0 ARY. '-*,

We- transfer' to our coluimns from' the Philadelphia
Amerjc4n 'Daily Advertiseirthe following deserved-tribute,
from the pen of a gentleman of.that city, to the. memory bf
a most estimable lady lately deceased:"
-On" the' 23d-of March, 1838, at.Paris, MILDRED
RANDOLPH, wife of Don Loeis DE POTESTAD; Secretary.
of the Spanish Legation at the Court of.Denmark. .
.. This lady, distinguished -in -the difcles df Philadelphia
and Washington for the character of. her heart and -intel-
lect, as well as for the beauty ard graces of. her person
and manners; died. in a foreign- land, separated from her
frien.ds"aend relatives, and by accident from-her-.husband.
The pang which the circumstances of her death imparti
.painful. as they are :to- the imagination, is .slight in the re-'
fleetion that so inany.and such cornmapding qualities-as*
cbaracterized her.are lost to society'and to her.friends; and
that while yeafrswere.yet in promise before her, the "plaice
which she filled is-suddenly vacant and desolate, Mrs..
Potestad. shone. pr-em'nent 'or every'quality of mind, of
heart, or of person, to which we gve our adaniration,confi-
dence or-affection. Upr name was uot known to man or"
woman hut as that of An'objectof respect and delight. In'
her.natural and unconscious character, no trace of self'
was ever visible to mir. h'er influence. Full of kindness,
'supretmely.graceful in her manners,-which -were.a model in'
softness, dignity -and good taste devoted i .her domestic
relations; .improed i- n intellect, singularly gifted with its
.comprehensidn, clearness and perception, and- yet possess-
ing. in rare perfection- alL outward champ 4o dazzle and. to
win, -she received in modest carelessness--the admiration
ard the respectful attention of the most distinguished..
She has left this life, never the object- of an unfriendly.
thought, attended by the lasting regret of-all whQ had the.
happiness to approach her .

IRHOME I NTE ILIGENG NE. '
-. REPORTED FOIT THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER.' -.
SWe perceive that Mad.ame CARAPOI ALL'AN, the cliam-.
ing.vocalipt, has been engaged by Mr.-,WARD, to perform
.three nights this-.ieek ia misicial entertainments before a
Baltimoteaulience, at.the.theatre, Hll6iday street.- We be-'
.lleve that if Mr: WARD could .effect an "arrangement' by-
which a'.Washington audience could have -the pleasure .or
hearing that charming singer.at the'National-Theatre on
the intermediate nights, he would gratify a great number. of
his patrons'in this city .

-.CENTRE 'IARKET.-At our principal market on Saturday
last the supply of every kind of produce *as' remarkably
sqant, owing no'doubt to the very heavy-rains which'fell
during.Friday, and. uptil nearly market hours on Saturday
indrring. Rutchers' meal; particularly beef, wis -scarce,'
hardly a sufficient'supply 'in the morning market. Of
country prpduce,'vegetables, -anid gadien stuff, there was
but a very short supply.-' Som.e fine asparagus, lettuce, ahd
radishes were Sold at prices below last week's.quotatin.'.
SIn the: Fish. Market there was. i g'ofd supply -of fibe
sturgeon, which sold at- very reasonable prices. Rock,
shad,.and perch were very scarce, and sold at hgh prices.
*We quote as under: -. .
Beef, 8to 12 centa per lb. lfe meal, 75 sents per bhsh.
.Corned do 8't6 10 do Yellbw Cornmeal, 75.' do
Dried do .12' do- Shorts, 25 .
BeefTongues, 50 cents each "Ship Stuff, 37 .- db
Sheep Tongues, 37 do dbz. Oats, 40 .. dd
Calf's Head, 50 cent each Shelled'coirn,7 do
Jowls 8 cents per lb. -Potatoes; 75 do
1 luttn 8 to 10 do Onions, 37. .do.
Porkl, 12 -- '. do aesnips, 25 per peck
.Veal, 8'tb 12 do Carrots, 5 do. *
Lamb, 75 to $1 per quarter' Asparagus, 25-to 37.per bunch.
Haias, 14' .per lb. Lettuce 4 to 6 cts.'per head
SMiddlings,12 do Radishes, 2 to 3 bts. per hunch
. Shoulders, 12 'do.. Spinach, 25 cts. per peck
Sausages, 12 do Kale, 25 do .-
Lard, 12 do Greens,-25, do
Chickens, $3 per doz.- Apples, $4 .to $5 per birrel.. *"
.Buttei, common, 25 cts. lb. .Dried do 50 Cte. per peck .
Good butter, 31 cents per lb.. RocklFish; 50 cents per bunch
Print better, 37J per lbh .Pereh, 25 *do. .
Eggs, 1.4 cents per dozen "Shad, 25 cents per pair .'
White Cbrnmeal, 75 oents-per Sturgeo6i,: weighing from 40 to
Sbushel "' '50.16s. $1
CIRcuIT CouRT,-The civil business of the prescrit term
occupied the attention of the Court during the whole of the.
pastw.eek. On Thursday last Casimer de Grodtick'i, con-
mitted to jail about ten days ago on a charge of larceny,"
was admitted to bail,.and released by the Court. On Sat-
urday last the Court was adjourned until -Monday, the 21st
instant. .
The Spring term" of the Circuit-Court for the county.of
Alexandria-commeices'this'day. .- '" '

THE.WEATHER.-'We had very fine weather in the early
.part of last week. On-Feriday apid Saturday very heavy.
rain fell; which .completely. drenched, our streets, and-ave-
nues. Oh Saturday last about noon -the sunrrshdne -out;
and all Natufe seemed to-be refreshed -with the preceding'
.rain. The air, however, continues to be very' co-l, aud
fires and warm clothing are yet indispensable necessary to
comfort and good health. We have been told that some
persons who have put off their warm clothrig too soon have'
.paid dearly in sickriess and suffering for their imprudence.

POLICE INTELLIGENCE.-ROBBERY AT THE RAILROAD
DEPOT.--A. few days ago, we published a cautionary para-
graph founded upon a recent attempt to steal from .a ldy
a trunk which was strapped behind a 'hackney carriage, in.
which the lady-was being conveyed to the Southern mail -
boat. We.learn.that, since that robbery,'Mrs. SLATER, of
the National Theatre,-was robbed on the. 30th ult. at. the
railroad depot, of a brown hair'trunk,.containing all her
theatrical dresses, and her ow.n and her :children's- dresses:


-the. Southern mail'a-rived when .our paper.went
S. .
4^ ">-r^sc i .


S. EDITORS' dORRESPOLVDENC. "
R- -
N..w.YoRK-,-lky 4.;:
SFRO0 Ok irRD. (ME.) DISTRIR,, late CAR-'
TER'S,) we. have returns :enough to:decide- toe ,
Election,' if the.'AdministratiotI carididate.in-
the .IS ssiall towns to be headd from'.reckives. .
the undivided support-of his-- party.. The vbtes
in. 34 towns are- .. -.'
Whg '-Van furen. Scdtterinfr.
Long 3274 Prria 3537 257,
ast year..-Kent (.W.) 3349 Parks'(V. B.) 4248..'.
Nett Whig gain. thus far,.over PARRIS and- .
*scattering, since:September last,.the. berna-.
torial c6ntest; 404---Parris's loss 859. A letter .
from Portland days PARRIS; fs 34 ahieaai of. a t
.opposition,.as far. as head, .and- wvill probably
be lectjed by 150 majority. The 1-8 -sall towne .
to be heard'fromn. having in them, .if September,
Whig votes 414,.afir-Locofoeo votes 81$. This
'letter to .th'e .'Boston 4tls -says *PARRIa will*
"wio the heat. by the length of.his ehin," allj-i :
ding.to.'a very remarkable rikhi he'hae. .He.!is
a droll .ynkee,-by the .way--,-"a'cleter 'ellow" -
with i classic.name, YVfGiL :DELPHINi PARsRI'. .
His -district is' f. the- Ooos- (New Harflpshir6e)
.cast: It has voted thew.ay-the Portlaind Argus .-
goes; and will vote so to all eternity,'no mater
where thb Argus. goes 'Hu-ndreds of gooA folks .
theire'haie nof the-.least doubt but. that BIDDLE
is a real Moi-st.er, CIAY. -a.G'orgo",_ and Wirm.- "
SSTFR, though he kept an academy-iithat region.
'once, (I am afraid'he was not a good school-
master, but in. the neighborhood 'the .Whigs
.have sway .though,).a demi-goi on at least. A-s
for Mr..CALHOUN, it 's'.a-fpct that,'in .183W or.
about the ime of the> Conventio in Collubia,
the-Farmers fised him to scare. crows,--the yan-
*kce farmers; you ;know,-often putting up drif-
gies tQ keep off the crows from the young eorn,
which effigies were caHe'd in many places. Caldcd
houns .
'Among, the remnovals the nw' Collector- has ..
made.in the: Custom-house,.;is.one -of- eiraor-
dinary cruelty, that of Mr. TH'OMPSN, a gauge.r
:whose father was .a Ievolutiobnary -soldier, and "
SWhose 'brother, Lieut: Col. THOMrI P lafety
fell,-fighting bravely 'at Withiacoochee, in Flo-
"rida. Thiat.gallaht 'death 'of a noble brother,
.that hereditary nobility. in' every rhtn of the Re-
'volutiona'ry' stdck, avaifed him-naught,' iad his
place is filled. by .AiF XANjER, Mi.NGjurr. while
the' McGubbips; and McK'ibbiins, fresh from
Tipperary, the ink on.whose'natur'ai'zation pO-
.peis. is lhardly- dry, -whose allegiance to a mo.nar-
c hy over sea. is not y'et' ff, obtain -Am'erican
honors and e'tnluments!- *"The Thomnpsons' an.
lay dowfin their lives for ttheir country, but the
McGtbbins 'can get -more. votes. in -the Sixth..
W ard!': .
SIs :it 'not very- singular Pe6ple 'will no.t be-
lieve what the .Globe's figures pretend about the '.
worthlessness-bf'the PeansyIva'niia Urited-States
.Bank ? The stock here to-day is iorth. 15 ..
premium: .that 'is,- everyy 100. dollarss is worth
115J! Now, the .Globe. m-hy darken. i'tswhohl' -
sheet oVer with figure's, but as long as the Po- -
Spie read'such -a fact ass this,' whbo- wiM- believe
the Globe's: figures ? -However, all ive New .
-Yorkers are. for ha-nging. BIDDLE under the se-
cond'section.- His great crime "in our.: eyes is,
that Chesnut'. street is not Wall street. If, we
-had his Monster-in our street, we should: think
it the sweetest little fellow in the world'; but..as .
it-is, he is a-monster; -and we'.don'.t are if Mr, .
Ritchie uses him in Virginia just as the People. .
used. Mr. .CALHOUN in he. Oxford .(Me,) .Dis--
trict, to. scare- crows With; or to. frighten Virginiia
new-.grown bulls. "'. ': ". .
The pr'oceedings.of tlhe Senate. u-poe ir.
CLAVY's resolution startle 'men' of business here.. -'
.Our Banks have quit discounting., and are scared .
"again,. But a'feiW more .such votes.as tha-t, and .
we shall have another' panic. It- is -idle to. say
the Government is a friend of a -mixed curren-
cy, when the Post Office -continues i's --runS-'
.upon the Banks, as we hear. f a.. case inaAlbany.. .
Treasury notes, 'now being scarce, in the- mar-
ket,'have gone-up to par. .' .

-4.-.'' POSTSG RIPTS' '

We received .ho letter by last. evening's mail
-from our .N.ew' ork Correspondent ; nor- had :







TWICE 4. DAY.
STEAMBOAT LiiE FOR PIILADELPHIA,
Via the Newcastle and Frenchtown Railroad.


'' MbRJING AND EVENING.
F IHE Proprietors, in recommending this- line, have- the
pleasure tannoncethattey have muh improved their
teamboats in speed and comfort.
MORNING LINE,
.Leave at 6j o'clock daily, and arrive in Philadelphia from two
to three hours before the departure of the New York Evening
Line.' .
passage through by this Line $4.
EVENING LINE, (to omnmence Thursday, 3d inst.)
Leave at '6 o'clock P. M. daily, (except Sunday,) or immedi-
. ately after the arrival of the Western and Washington Evening
SQCar, and arrive at Chestnut street wharf, Philadelihia, sb.as to
take the 6 o'clock. Morning Line for New York.
.The Boats of this Line are ell provided for night travel.
Breiakfast,'dinner, and supper provided on board,
passage through by this Line $4. AIlFaggage" at its owner's
risk. T. SHEPPARD, Agert,
rmay 2--dtf Baltimore.
XOTICE TO- TRAVELLERS TO AND FROM-
CHARLESTON, S; C.-


IN consequence of the steam packet PULASKI not being
ready, as expected, to take the line, the GEORGIA, Cap-
trin..Rollins, and the SOUTH CAROLINA, Captain Coffey,
will continue to.leave Norfolk for Charleston every Saturday,
and Charleston e-very Friday, alternately, as.formerly, until'
Further notice.
The commanders of these Packets are well known to be men
ef skill and long experience. Passengers'leaving Philadelphia.
on Friday will always -be in time for these Packets, by taking
the Norfolk boat the same day. They are one.night less at sea
thin any other Line, making the-passage in 40 to 45 hours.
S' Passage.through from'Philadelphia $30
." .' Baltimore -. 28'
S "' Norfolk 25
Tickets to be, had at the Baltimore Steamboat Office, Phil-
*delphia, lower end of'Chestnutstreet,and at the Norfolk Steam-
iboat Ofice,0 Baltimore, lower end of'Spear's wharf, or on board
of(he boats.
All baggage att the risk.of the owners..
ap4- JAMES, FERGUSSON.
* GREAT CENTRAL ROUTE BETWEEN THE
NORTH AND SOUTH.
*S 7 SSi


The Portsmouth and Roanoke Railroad Company have
now formed 'a condexion with, the Virginia and Maryland
Steamboat Conipany, by which there is a continuous line for"
passengers from Baltimore or Washington to Charleston, S. C.
GOING SOUTH.- .
Passengers will leave Baltimore at half past 3 o'clock P..M.,
en Monday and Fridays, by the steamboat ALABAMA, Captain
Sattoh; or leave Washington at 12 M., Wednesday, in the Co-
LUMBIA, Captain. Mitchell, and arrive at the depot -wharf in
Portsmouth early the next morning, in fine for the Portsmouth .
.and Roahoke cars to .alifax, N. C. At Halifak, ihey will take
the Wilmington and Raleigh railroad line of post-coaches, at 4
d'clock- same day, and proceed to Wilmington, N. C.; or, by
taking the Merchants' Accommodation Line, they may proceed
to Ra eight ahd 'reensborough, when they will meet the South-
western or Piedmont Line, as well. as the Lirie, via Saletm,
Wyth.e court-house,'&6., to Nashville, .Tennfesee. The steam-
boat FoiX runs to and from Plymouth and Edenton, N. C., in.
connexion with the line.
S* GOING NORTH.'
Leave Charleston on Sundays and Tuesdays, at 5 P. M.;
breakfast the next morning at Wilmington.' Leave Wilmington-
on Monday, Wednesdays, and Fridays, and, by railroad and
coaches, arrive at Halifax on the evenings of the next days.
Sleep at Halifai, and the next morning proceed, by the Ports-
mouth and Roanoke railroad, to Portsmouth, where they will be
taken, on'Sundays and Wednesdays, .by-th'e ALABAMA, for Bal-
timore, at half past 3 P. M., and on Fridays by the COLUMBIA
for Wdshington, at 3 P.. M.
This line being now.complete, offers to the traveller a route
'wich, for speed, safety, comfort, and economy, is not e called ;
for, while it avoids the dangers of the ocean, it is unattended
with the fatigue consequent upon an altogether inland route,
where there is necessarily much night travelling.
The Chesapeake Bay boats, and the one from Wilmington to
Charleston, are unsurpassed for elegance and speed. The post-
coaches, horses', and drivers, are of the best, and the Poitsmouth
aad Roanoke Railroad Company assure the Public that every
means are exerted, regardless of expense, to keep their road
in good order; and, if well-chosen and experienced agents and
engineers, acting under the most rigid written instructions, can
be a guaranty to safety, then it may be confidently relied on.
'bp 7-dimn



"WTASHINGTON 'BRANCH RAILROAD.-The
V v P-assenger trains on this road will daily start as follows,
viz .
From Baltimore for Washington, at 9 o'clock A. M.
and at 4 do P.M.
Passengers by the morning train, it proceeding westwardly,
can connect with the Western train on the Baltimore and Ohio.
Railroad, at the Relay House, reach Frederick in time for the
Western stages that leave there at 12 o'clock noon, or Harper's
Fcrry in time for the evening train to Winchester; while pas-
sengers' travelling eastwardly are conveyed though to Phila-
-lelphia without unnecessary detention at Baltimore, reaching
Philadelphia in time for the evening line to New York, and
thus accomplishing the-journey from Washington to New York
in:one day.
Under no circumstances whatever. can the train be delayed
beyond the hour fixed for' starting. It is, therefore, respect-
fully suggested that Passengers prbcure their Tickets the pre-
vioes evening; to enable them to do which, the office will be
kept open till 7j o'clock P. M. By order I
.feb 1-- SAM STETTINIUS, Agent.
N OTICE.-Washington Branch
Railroad.-On and after Tuesday next;
1st of May, thie hour of departure of the
Evening train,, from .Washingtn for Balti-
More, will be changed to 4 o'clock, instead
of 4, asatpresent, of which travellers will please take notice.
-al0-dt.f "
OW ozk. STEAMBOAT PH(ENIX-.-The new
L 'S and splendid steamboat Phoenix, built expressly
for this route, is now ready to commence running, and will start,
this day, and leave each'place regularly, at the following times,
viz. -
Leave Alexandria at 8 and 10 A. M.
1- Do -do at 3'and 5 P. ?
-' Leave Washington at 9 and 11 A. M.
SDo .do at 4 an.d. 6 P. M.
SLeave Alexandria for Georgetown daily, at 12 o'clock, and
leave Georgetown at half past o'clock, until further notice.
mar12--dtf.. PETER JONES, Captain. .




"-. -TOTICE TO TRAVELLERS.--Travellers going
I'. South, ire informed that when they reach Petersburg,
Virginia, there is a choice of routes, either by the great mail
line, which tuns daily through Gaston; Raleigh, Fayetteville,
Columbia, Augusta, Ga., etc., or by. the Wilmington. railroad;
stage, and steamboat company's line, from- the termination of
the Petersburg railroad through Halifax, Wilmington, Charles-.
ton, etc.' The days of starting' from Petersburg, by this, line,
ate- Taedays, Thursdays, and Sattiidays.-
There can be no delays, as extra post coaches are provided at
' "each line. Petersburg Railroad Office.
Smra"--L.-" q t."more Amnerican 3m)
'THREE TIMES A WEEK TO NORFOLK
S AND. RICHMOND.. .




IE STEAMBOATS ALABAMA, Captain
SuttOn, and ICENTUCKY, Capt.Holmes, will on and
after Friday, the 2,7th instant, leave the-.lower end of. Spear's
Wharf evvory Monday Wednesday, and Friday afternoon, at 3)
o'clock, alternately. Returning, will leave Norfolk every Sun-
day,/ Wednesday, and Friday afternoon. Their speed is such
as to fnsuire passengers always arriving in Norfolk next morn-
Singin time for the Richmond boats, and Portsmouth Cars,. and
i iBaltimore in time for-the Philadelphia Boats and Cars.
These Boits sun in connexion with- the Steam Packets
from Norfolk to Charleston, and the' Portsmouth Railroad by
way of Wilmington to Charleston.
All baggage at the risk of the owners.
a JAMES FERGUSSON,
ap 25--dtf Agent.


City Post Office,
WAHINGTON, APRIL 30, 1838.
VI HE SOUTHERN MAIL will hereafter be closed
at this office at 8 o'clockP.. M.
may 2-dlw WM. JONES, P. M.
28,0OO BUSi ELS Oi' RICHMOND 'COAL.

NAVY AGENT'S OFFICE,
WASMINGTON, APRIL 10,'1838.
P ROPOSALS will be received at this office, until the 15th
3 day of May next, for twenty-five thousand bushels of
Richmond CoOl, to be delivered at the navy yaid in this city.
The coal must be of the very best quality, and one-third part
of the whole quantity must be coarse or lump coal; and the re-
maining twq-thirds may be fine or smith's coal, to be subject to
the inspection of this yard, and to the measurement of this
*city ; the whole quantity to be delivered by the 15th of Novem-
ber, 1838.
Security will, be required for the faithful performance of the
contract, and ten per cent. reserved from each payment, until
the Whole quantity is delivered. ap 12--3taw.
V j To be published three times a week in the National In-
telligencer, Globe,Christian Statesnian, and Richmond Enquirer.
j". UMBER FOR SALE.-The Georgia Lumber gom-
UL. pany have now on hand at their depot at Darien, a large
amount of Lumber for sale by the cargo, or in smaller quanti-
ties, and they are now fully prepared-to furnish on short notice
all kinds of the best quality of Southern Pine Lumber, sawed to
any required dimensions, and at the most favorable prices.
All communications may be addressed to the Agent of the
Georgia Lumber Company, at Darien, and will receive prompt
attention. SIMEON B. JEWETT,
Secretary of Georgia Lumber Company, Lumber City, Geo.
feb 3-d3m
-BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY,
JOHN J. DONALDSON; PRESIDENT,
[NSURES LIVES for one-or more years, or for life..


Age..
25
: 30 -
35
40 -
45
50
5.5
60 '


Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
One year. "Seven years."
1.00 1.12'
1.31 1.36
1.36 -1.53
S1.69 1,83
1.91 1.96
1.96 2.09
2.32 M.21
4.35 4.91


For life.!
2.04
2.36
2.75.
3.20
3.73
4.60
5.78
7.00


GRANTS ANNUITIES.
Rates fbr One Hundred Dollars.
S60 years of age, 10.55 per cent.
65 do. 12.27 .do. per annum.
70 do. .14.19 do.
SELLS ENDOWMENTS.
For One Hundred Dolla.rsdeposited.at birth of child, the Com-
pany will pay, if he attain 21 years ofage, $469
At.six months, 408
One year, 375
The Company also executes trusts; receives money on depo-
site, paying interest semi-annually, or compounding it, and
makes all kinds of contracts in which life. or the'interest bfmo-
ney is involved. WILLIAM MURDOCK, Secretary.

AGENTS. .
James H. Causten, City of Washington.
Dr. B. R. Wellford,. Predericksburg, Virginia.
SJohn O. Lay, Richmond, Va.
D. Robertson, Norfolk, Va. -
A. S. Tidball, Winchester, Va.
George Richards, Leesburg, Va.-
Neilson Fee, Frederick, Md.
mar 1-ly


American Life Insurance and Trust' Company.
OFFICmES-No. 136 Baltimore street, Baltimore; and Wall
iatreet, New York.
AGENcY-Pennsylvania Avenue, opposite Fuller's Hotel, anc
two doors from the Buildings occupied by the Treasury Depart-
nent, Washington city. -
CAPITAL PAJD IN $2,000,000.
PATRICK MACAULAY, President, Baltimore.
-JOHN DUER, Vice President, New York.
/TONEY received daily on deposit, on which interest will
*.L- be allowed, payable semi-annually. The Company als(
insures lives, grants annuities, sells endowments, and executes
trusts.
Of the rates of insurance f $100 on a single life.
ANNUAL PREMIUM.
Age. 1 year. 7-years. For life. Age. 1 year. 7 years. For life.
'14- 72 86 1 53 38 1 48 1 70 3 05
15 77 88 156 39 1 57 1 76 3 11-
16 84 90 -1 62 40 1 60 1 83 3 20
.17- 86 91 1 65 41 1 78 '1 88 3 31
18 89 92 169. 42 1 85 1 89 3 40
19 90 94 173 43 1 89 1 92 3 51
21) 91 95 1 77 44 1 90 1 94 363
21 92 97 1 82 45 1 91 1 96 3 73
22' 94 99 1 88 46 1 92 1 98 3 87
23 97 103 1 93 47 1 93 1 99 4 01
24 99 1 07 1 98 48 1 94 2 02 4 17
25 1 00 1 12 2 04 49 1 95 2 04 4 49-
26 1 07 1 17 2 11 50 1 96 2 09 4 60
27 1 12 1.23 2 17 51 1 97 2 20 4 75
28 1 20 1 28 2 24 52 2 02 2 37 4 90
29 1 28 1 35 2 31 53 '2 10 2 59 5 24
-3f 1 31 1 36 2 36 54 2 18 2 89 5 49.
31 1 32 1 42 2 43 55 2 2 3 21 5 78
32 1 33 1 46 2 50 56 2 47 3 56- 6 05.
33 1 34 I 48 2 57 57 -2 70 4 20 6 27
34 1 35 1 50 2 64 58 3 14- 4 31 6 50
35 1 36 1 53 2 75 .59 3 67 .4 63 6 75
36 1 39 1 57 2 81 60 4 35 4 91 7 00
37 1 43 163 2 90

Appli caions, post paid, may be addressed to PATRICK
MACAULAY, Esq., President, Baltimore; or JOHN DUER,
Esq., Vice President, New York; to which immediate attention
will he paid.
Applications may also be made personally, or by letter, post
paid, to FRANCIS A. DICKINS, Agent for the Company in the
City of WASHINGTON. His office is on Pennvslvania Avenue,
opposite Fuller's Hotel, and two doors from the buildings occu-
pied by The Treasury Department. feb 16-dly

rI O CLAIM ANTS.-FRANCIS A. DICKINS, of the
r city of Washington, having resigned the appointment
held by him for several years in the Treasury and War Depart-
ments,'has undertaken the agency of claims before Congress,
and other branches of the Gov~ernment, including commission-
.'ers under treaties, and the various public offices; also, the pro-
curing of patents for public lands, prosecuting claims for servi-
ces in the Revolution, and for Navy pensions, and generally
such other business as may require theaid of an agent at Wash-
ington. He will likewise attend to the prosecution of bounty
land claims upon the State of Virginia, and the recovery of
lands in Ohio which have been sold for taxes.
SPersons having, or supposing themselves to have claims, will,
on transmitting a statement of the facts, be advised of the pro.
per course of proceeding. His charge will be moderate, de-
pending upon the amount of the' claim- and the extent of the
.service..
He is also agent for the American "Life'Insurance and Trust
Company, which has a capital of two millions of dollars paid in;
and for the Baltimore Fire Insurance Company.
Mr. F. A. DICKINS is known to most 6f those who have been
in Congress-within the last few years, or who have occupied
any public situation at Washington,
His office is on Pennsylvania Avenue, adjoining the buildings
occupied by the Treasury Department, and opposite to those oc-
eupied by the Post Office Department.. .
5:2 All letters must be post paid. july'6-dly
-ASH .FOR NEGROES.-I will give the highest
cash price for likely NEGROES from.10 to 25 years of
.age.. Myself or agent can at all times bd found at the estab-
lishment fotnerly owned by Armfield, Franklia'&S Co. at the -
west end of Duke street, Aldxandria.'
mar 14-tf GEORGE KEPHART.
~'HIS'IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
Shath obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington
.county, in the District of. Columbia, letters ofadministratioq on
the personal estate of Overton Carr, late' of Washington
cotinty, deceased. All persons having claimsagainst the said de-
ceased are hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouch-
ers theredf, to the subscriber, on or before the:27th day of April-
'next; they may otherwise by law be excluded from all be-
nefit of said estate.
Given undei my.hand this 27th day of April, 1838.
WILLIAM CARR,
Sap 28-w3w Administrator.
SUPERIOR LETTER PAPER.-2 cases of But-
ler's fine class superfine white and blue Vellum letter pa-
per, satin finish, ruled on three sides, isjust received for sale
at Stationers' Hall, at'a small advance on the Mill price.. s -
ap 30 [Adv.J W.-FISCHER.
l EPILATORY -POWDER, for removing superflu-
ous hair, may be had at Stationers' Hall, at 50 cents a
bottle.
KRFX)SOT TOOTH WASH.-Just received, a fresh sup-
ply of Ellis's Superior Compound Kreosot Tooth Wash. .For
'sale at Stationers'.Hall. W. PISCHER.
Charles County Orphans' Court--April Term, .
1'838..


BY THE PRESIDENT OP THE UNITED STATES.
IN pursuance of laW, I, MARTIN VAN BUREN,
President of the Unit.d.States of America, do hereby
declare and make known that a public sale will be held at
Green Bay, in the Territory of Wisconsin, on Monday,
the fourth day of June next, for the disposal of the public.
lands within the limits of the undermentioned townships
and fractional townships, to wit .
NQrth of the base line and East of the Meridian.
Townships fifteen and sixteen, of range thirteen.
Township thirteen, of range fifteen.
Townships twelve, fourteen, and sixteen, and fractional town-
ship eighteen, of range sixteen.
Township- thirteen, and fractional townships sixteen and
seventeen, of range seventeen.
Fractional township twenty-seven, of range twenty-six.
-Lands appropriated by.law for the.use of schools, mili-
tary or other purposes, will be excluded from sale.
SThe sale will be, kept open for two weeks (unless the
lands are sooner disposed of) and no longer; and no pri-
vate entries of land in the townships so offered will be ad-
mitted until after the expiration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, this
fifth day of January, Anno Domini 1838.
M. VAN BUREN.
By the President:
JAMES WHITCOMB,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
jan 13-lawt20thMay
GENERAL LAND OFFICE, FEB. 13, 1838.
N OTICE is hereby given, that the Public Sales of Lands
advertised to take place at the following times and places,
by proclamations of the President of the United States, bearing
date-the 29th day of November, 1837, t6 wit:
IN THE STATE OF ALABAMA.
At Mardisville, on Monday the 12th day of March next.
At Montgomery, on Monday the 7th day of May next.
At Sparta, on Monday the 5th day of March next.
At St Stephen's, on Monday the 19th day of March next.
At Cahaba, on Monday the 2d day of.April next.
At Tuscaloosa, on.Monday the' 16th day of April next.
At Huntsville, on Monday the 9th day of April next..
.IN THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI.
At Chocchuma, on Monday the 14th day of May nbxt,
At Columbus, on Monday the 7th day of May next-are post-
poned until further notice.
By order of the President of the United States:
JAMES WHITCOMB,
"feb 17-tmay7 Commissioner,


FOR RENT.-That elegant dwelling on Missouri
Avenue, occupied as a boarding house by Mrs. McDa-
niel.. Possession will be given on the-lbth of Septem-
ber next. Apply to Dr. Alexander McWilliams, Navy;Yard, or
to James Young, druggist, near the Railroad Office.
mar 21 -wtf
T 0THE CITIZENS OF THE DISTRICT OF
COLUMBIA.-I, Z. A. DAVIS, of the city of Phila-
delphia, State of Pennsylvania, do hereby appoint' Mr. Lewis
Johnson, of Washington city, my sole agent for the District of
Columbia, for the sale of the Rheumatic Liniment, known under
the name of" Davis's Rheumatic-Liniment."
'In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal
this 4th day of April, 1838. Z. A. DAVIS.

DAVIS'S RHEUMATIC LINIMgNT.-Having been ap-
pointed agent for the above popular remedy, which, although
but a short time in use in Philadelphia, has effected more cures
than any other specific, as can 'be seen on application at my
store; and so confident is the proprietor of its never-failing
quality, that 1.am authorized to refund the money where no re-
lief has been obtained.
In addition to a copy of the numerous certificates in my pos-
session, the proprietor refers to Cql: James Page, postmaster of
Philadelphia; Col. Thomas B. Florence, and Ralph W. Pome-
roy, formerly President of.the Board of Health of Philadelphia.
For sale-at the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store, between
1 th and 12th streets, Penn. Avenue.'
may 2 LEWIS JOHNSON.
N OTICE.-Notice is.hereby given that an application
will be made to the Secretary of the Treasury for a re-
newal of certificate No. 488, sixth installment French claim,
issued in the name of Lodewyk Sharpe, Executor of J. Gardiner,
for three hundred and sixty dollars, the-same having been lost
in Chestnut street, in the city of Philadelphia, on the 9th April,
1838, by the Subscriber, in a small *allet or pocket book which
dropped out of his pocket. LODEWYK SHARPE,
may 1-2aw2w Executor of J. Gardiner, Phila.
. Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sitting as
a Court of Equity tor the County ;i' Washington,
November Term, 1837.
John McDuell,
vs.
Robert Boone and wife Catherine, John Jamison and Mary
Ann his wife, Francis Queen, the children of James Queen,
late of Kentucky, Gerard Boarman, George S. Boarman,
Marsham Queen, Mary Gardiner, and Charles Boarman.
The bill in this case, in substance, states,'that one Richard
Queen, late of the county of Washington, D. C. died in or about
the year 1797, seized of certain real estate, lying in the said
county, being part of a tract of land called Inclosure, and part
of a tract called Haddox Hill, the same containing 315 acres,
one rood, and two poles; that the same was divided among the
heirs of said Richard, by mutual agreement;. that the commis-
sioners awarded to Eleanor Boone, daughter and one of the
heirs of said Richard, wood lot No. 4, and cleared lot No. 3, as
her share, as the said lots are described in the plat of survey
filed in this case ; that the said Eleanor died childless and in-
testate in the year 1819, not leaving disposed of wood lot No. 4;
that Marsham Queen and Mary Gardiner, brother and sister of
the said Eleanor, conveyed by deed all their right in and to
said wood lot No. 4 to one Charles Boarman, and that the said
Charles by deed, in 1825, conveyed all his right, under the said
Marsham and Mary, to said lot to the complainant. The object
of the bill is to obtain a decree for the sale of said wood lot No.
4, and that the proceeds of such sale shall be equitably divided
between complainant and the other parties interested. And the
Court being satisfied that the above parties, defendants, reside
out of its jurisdiction, it is, therefore, this 19th day of Febru-
ary, 1838, ordered that notice be given to the above parties to
appear in the said Court in person, or by attorney, to answer to
the matters and things in said bill set forth, on or before the
first Monday in July next, otherwise that the same'will be
taken pro confesso against them, provided that the above state-
ment and notice be published in the National Intelligencer at
least once a week for six weeks, thefirstpublication thereof to
be made at least four months before the said first Monday in
July next. W. CRANCH.
J. B. H. SMITH, Solicitor.
Copy-Test: W. BRENT, Clerk.
feb 20w6w.
FpHIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
has obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington
county, in the District of Columbia, Letters of Administration
on -the personal estate of E. J. Weed, late Quartermaster of the
U. S. Marihe Corps, deceased. All persons having claims
against the deceased are hereby warned- to exhibit the same,
with the vouchers "thereof, to the subscriber, on or before the
16th day of March next; they may otherwise, by law, be ex-.
chided from'all benefit of the estate.
Given bnder my hand, this l1th day of March,-1838.
mar 17-w3w JOHN S. DE.VLIN, Administrator.
H AY AND LARD-
100 Bales Prime Timothy Hay, in fine shipping order
A few barrels Nb. 1 Iard
For sale by W. T. COMPTON.


ap 9-w3t Georgetown.
UB ULWER'E WORKS, CHEAP.-The ten novels
(originally published in.' 18 volumes) complete in one,
handsomel printed on fine paper, in handsome leather bind-
ing, price $3 50.
Is just received for sale by F. TAYLOR.
FLOUR, SEED OATS, AND SALT--
35 bbls, superior W. W. Family Flour, Virginia wheat
40-,do do do Flour, Md. and Penn. do.
500 bushels Pennsylvania Seed Oats
.60 do do Buckwheat, for seed
25 sacks Blown Salt
For sale by W. T. COMPTON,
ap 30-w3t .. Water.st. Georgetown.
SHAVING.SOAP.-The subscriber has a variety ofsu
.perior.Shaving Soap, such as- -
Saponaceous Compound, Amnbrosial Cream
Naples, Almond Cream, and also Shaving Cakes
At the old Snuff,- Tobacco, and Fancy Store, between '1 th
and 12th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
LEWIS JOHNSQN,
N. B. Rodgers's-Razors, warranted. ap 30


Iharles County Court, August Term, 1837.--On
, the appearance of Zephaniah.H. Turner, a petitioner for
the benefit of the insolvent laws of this State, itis ordered by
the court here that the bond of said Zephaniah H. Turner be
respited. until the 3d Monday in March next, and that he give-
notice to his creditors that they be and appear before the Judges
of. Charles county court, on the third Monday in March next, to
show cause, if any -they have, why the said Zephaniah H. Tur-
ner shall not have the benefit of said laws; provided a copy of
this order be published in some newspaper in the District of


OFFICE OF THE CHESAPEAKE AND OHIO CANAL COMPANY,
WASHINGTON, APRIL 7, 1838.
ROPOSALS will be-received at the Office of the Corn--
missioner of the Canal at Hancock, until Tuesday, the
8th day of May next, and' at this Office in Washington until
Thursday, the 10th'day of May next, for constructing the fol-
lowing described works upon the line of the Chesapeake and
Ohio Canal, viz.
An AQUEDUCT, (No. 9,) of. 50 feet -span, across Fifteen-Mile
Creek.
fLOCKS.Nos. 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66,-and 67.
S CULVERTS.
No. 2021 on Section No. 264 No. 222 on Section No. 338
203 269 223 339
-204 277 224 340
205 279 225 341
206 283 226 342
207 286 227 342
208 291 228 -342
209 296 229 344
21) 296 230 346
211 313 231 346
212 316- 232 347
213 319 233 348
214 320 234 350
215 322 235 354
216- 330 236 357
217 331 237 357
218 332 238 35.8
219 335 239 358
220 3.36 240 361
221 337 241 364
Also, the following fiumbered SECTIONS, among which are
some of the heaviest work upon the line, viz.
.Section No. 270 Section No. 322
272 342
274 344
279 351.
S294 353
297 356
317 363.
318 364
319 365
The line upon which the above-mentioned work is located
extends from the Great Cacapon river to Cumberland. -
Specifications will be furnished upon application either at this
Office, pr at the Office of the Commissioner in Hancock.
As the means 'in the bands of the Company will justify a
rapid prosecution of the work, those to whom contracts may be
let will be required to commence operations within thirty
days after the letting.
JOHN P. INGLE,
Clerk of the Chesapeake.and Ohio Canal Company.
ap 24-2awtM 10


L LITERARY PUBLICATIONS.-The -undersign-
.ed, with the aid of his son, will receive subscriptions for
the following periodicals and newspapers, viz.
PHILADELPHIA. NEW YORK..
The Ladies' Book .Albion, Mirror'
Ladies' Garland Knickerbocker
Casket, Visiter Nbrth American Review.
Saturday News -American Monthly Magazine
Saturday Courier BALTIMORE..
Gentleman's Magazine Baltimore Monument
Philadelphia Messenger Parlor Ornament
'Farmers' Cabinet Athenaeum and Visiter
Mechanics' Register.
S WASHINGTON Cultivator, Albany.
Democratic Review Masonic Olive Branch, Fre-
Christian Statesman dericksburg, Va.
Washington Chronicle. Jeffersonian, Warrenton, Va.
Persons who desire tb become subscribers to any of the fore-
going, and who may not be-waited on by the agent or his son,
can leave their names and residence, or any message in rela-
tion thereto, at the'Chronicle Office, Mr. Peabody's, or Mr.
James's Drug Store, Washington; Dr. Linthictim's Drug store,
.or -Mr. Thomas's Book store, Georgetown; or the book store of
Messrs. Bell & Entwistle, Alexandria; and the agent himself"
may be seen at his residence, corner of G and 19th streets,
during evenings.
The April number of the Garland is being delivered as fast
as the residence of subscribers can be found-a mode adopted on
the present occasion, for the purpose of renewing subscriptions
and ascertaining whether the numbers have been regularly re-
ceived. Letters from the country postpaid (and no others)
will be promptly attended to, and the. publications forwarded
accordingly. TH. R. HAMPTON..
may 5-3tawtf
L ARGE ROOM TO LET.-The large room at pre-
sent occupied as the office of the Fireman's Inshrance
Company;,at the corner of 10th street west and Pennsylvania
avenue, is forfrent. It is newly finished and well lighted, and
would suit well an artist, or for a school room. Possession may
be had in a few days. Applyon the premises to
EDWARD INGLE,
may 5--3t .Secretary.
BONNETS, BONNETS, BONNETS,(very de-
sirable.)--We have this day-opened-
.0 fine English Straw Bonnets
16 Florence and Rustic do (a new and beautiful article)
40 Florence do
ALSO,
40 pieces 4-4 White Canton Matting.
10 do 6-4 do do. do
20 Brussels and Wilton Rugs
15 Tufted do
may 5-d2t BRADLEY & CATLETT,


.1KENDALL COURSE, MARYLAND.-THE
S JOCKEY CLUB SPRING MEETING of 1838 will
commence over this course the Second Tuesday, 8th May, and
continue four days.
First Day-Sweepsfakes for 3 year old colts and fillies, sub."
8300 each, $100 ft.; Mile heats. Closed 1st March, with the
following subs.
1. R. N. Snowden, of Md. names b. ce Gustavus, by Sussex,
out of Roseville.by Rattler.
2. Edm. Townes, of N. C. names ch. c. Brocklesby, by Imp.
Luzborough, dam by Roanoke.
3. Jas. S. Garrison, of Va. names f. by Ivanhoe, out of Sally
Ramsey.
4. James M, Selden, of Md. names ch. f. by Sussex, out of
the dam of Red Rat.
5. William Wynn,.of Va. names b. c. by Imp. Luzborough,
out of Plirtilla.
6. David Toms, of N. J. names b. f. by Medley, out of Imp.
Invalid.
7. Nathaniel T. Green, of N. C. names br.-f. by Imp. Hedge-
ford, dam by Washington.
Same Day-Second Race-Sweepstakes for 3 year old colts
and fillies, sub. $100, h. ft.; Mile heats: to name and close
20th April.
1. Col. Francis Thompson names g. f. Lilley, by Tichicus,
dam by Rob Roy.
2. Richard J. Worthington names b. f. Nancy Norwobd, by
Sussex, dam Trippit by Mars.
3. James B. Kendall names c. f. Crickett, by Henry, dam
by Eclipse.
Second Day--Sweepstakes for 4 year olds, sub. $300, ft. $100.
Two mile heats. Closed 1st April with the following subs:
1. Dr. George Goodwyn, of Va. names b. f. Polly Green,
by Sit Charles, out of Polly Peacham, by John Richards.
2. Edmund Townes, of N. C. names ch. f. Eloise, by Imp.
Luzborough, out of Mary Wasp, by Gohanria.
3. Edward Marshall, of N. Y. names -Betsey Andrew, by
Andrew, out of Farmer's Damsel, by Eclipse.
4. Nathaniel T. Green, of N. C. names b. h. Duane, by
Imp. Hedgeford, dam by Washington.
5. James B. Kendall; of Md. names b. c. Balie Peyton, by
Andrew, out of Master Henry's dam, by Eclipse. -
This race promises to be one of the best and fastest ever run
over the Course, each entry having been a winner during the
past year, and in first-rate time ; the betting will be heavy, each
having' their favorites.
Same Day--Second.Race-A Silver Plate valued at $350;
Two mile heats, the entrance money depending upon the num-
ber of entries; the winner to take Plate or money at his option.
Third Day-Purse $300, ent. $20, free for all ages; Three
mile heats.
Fourth Day-Purse.$700, ent. $40, free for-all ages ; Four
mile heats.
1t The Course is in fine order. Good stables.for sixty
horses, with litter gratis; with every accommodation for man
Sand horse, and a hearty welcome attending all.
JAMES B. KENDALL.
may 3--Th F. M. Tu. Proprietor.
C ONSTITUTIONS.-A Chart: of the Organization of
the Governments of the North American Republics, pre-
senting a Comparative Synopsis of the Constitutions of the se-.
veral States, and that of the United States ; projected, compiled,
and arranged to accompany Political Sketches of Eight Years
in Washington, by 'Robert Mayo, M. D.
The Chart in a single sheet, price 50 cents ; in handsome
cloth binding, 75 cents; on muslin, and mounted on rollers, $1;
in mahogany or rose-wood frames, with glass,!$3 50.
For sale between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. Avenue.
may 2 R. FARNHAM.
TT NCLE HORACE, a new Novel, by Mrs. S. C. Hall,
Sis just published, and this day received for sale by F.
'TAYLOR, or for circulation among the subscribers to the Wa-
verley Circulating Library. may 2
Y OUNG LADY'S FRIEN D-Improved stereotyped
Y "edition, just received* from. Boston, price $1 25. This
very popular work has run through several large editions in the
short time since its publication, and has been received with un-
qualified commendation.. It is of a truly practical character,
entering with great plainness, and faithfulness, and bound judg-
ment, into the minute details of every-day life ; pointing out the
common faults of female education, and laying down rules for
the conduct of youngladies in all the circumstances of society ;
and it not only commends itself to those for whom'it is especial-
ly designed, but to all who desire to see the peculiar graces of
female character called into the most efficient action.. The gen-
eral topics of which it treats are, domestic economy, duties of
-the sick chamber, dress, regimen, duties to parents, brothers,
and sisters, and teachers, to the aged, to'domestics, friendship,
manners, in'their various branches, conversation, mental cul-
ture, &c.
For sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue,
may 2 R. FARNHAM.
R. CHURCH'S TOOTH POWDER is recom-
U mended by the patentee for the following reasons: It'
is excellent :for giving the teeth a beautiful white. polish
* and preventing their decay; for causing and preserving a sweet
breath and pleasant taste to the mouth, and -is also an infallible
cure for the tartar which collects on the teeth, wholly removing
'it, and at the same time hardening the gums, and causing them
to be'reinstated in their. proper place. The loss of nearly.one-'
half the teeth which are extracted'is owing.to the tartar eating
away the. gum, thereby causing the teeth to become loose, and
rendering their extraction necessary:" -
A supply of the above is jnst received from the patentee,
and'will be warranted genuine.- For sale, wholesale or retail,
by F; TAYLOR, Bookseller; '
may-2
IIME LIME!-The proprietors of.the .Washington
Lime Kilns have made such permanent arrangements as
to insure a constant supply of Lime to all who may wish to pur-
chase. This superior manufacture has brought a higher price
than any other in every city where it has been offered.
ROBT. SPEIDEN,
may 2--dlw (Globe and Mad.) ". Superintendent.
C ASH FOR NEGROES.-We will give caish and
liberal prices for any number of likely negroes, families
included. We can be found at B. O. Shekell's Tavern,.a few
doors below Lloyd's Tavern, opposite the centre market, on 7th
street. .
We wish to purchase for a gentleman's own use, a good cook
25 or 30 years of age, also a good seamstress 18 or 20 years of
age, and a male house servant between 35 and 45 years of
age. BIRCH & SHEKELL.
may 1-dtf
N EW BOOKS.-Uncle Horace, a Novel by Mrs. S. C.
Hall.
Oliver Twist, or The Parish Boy's Progress, by the author ofi


STEWART, THORNTON, AND EASTON,
Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, and Solicitors in
Chancery,
S MOBILE;. ALABAMA.
GEORGE N. STEWART,
S .HARRY I. THORNTON,
WM. C. EASTON,
Postage to be paid on business letters. oct 17-d&cl y
W ILMINGTON BOAtRDING SCHOOL FOR
GIRLS.-This establishment is pleasantly situated
in the- city of Wilmington,.and its location has been found from
long experience to be eminently healthful. The building,
which was erected for the purpose by E. & S. Hilles, is spa-
-cious, and well adapted to the accommodation of the pupils.
In conducting the institution, the.subscriber is assisted by well-
qualified female teachers.
The following branches are taught, viz. Orthograpiy, Read-
ing, Writing, English Gramma'r, Composition, Geography,
History, Arithmetic, the Elementary b-anches of Mathematics,
Botany, Natural Philosophy, including Astronomy, and Che-
mistry.
During the autumn and winter, a Course of Lectures, illus-
trated by experiments, is given on the subjects of Natural Phi-
losophy and Chemistry.
The terms for tuition in the above branches, with board,
lodging, and washing, are forty dollars per quarter of twelve
weeks, payqble in advance. Fuel, lights, pens, ink, maps,
globes, a small library, and. class books for reading, are pro-
vided for th6 use of the pupils, without extra charge. They
will be furnished with such other books and stationery as they
need, at the customary prices.
The French Language and Drawing. are also taught, at an
additional charge of five dollars p'er quarter for each.
There is one vacation of .four weeks, in each year, commen-
cing abput the lst. of the eighth month (August.) Pupils who
-remain'is boarders during, this time will be charged $3 per
week.
The scholars attend the meetings of the Society of Friends.
DUBRE KNIGHT.
Wilmington, Delaware, 1838.
REFEBENCES: Samuel Hilles, Wilmnigton.
Eli Hilles, do.
William Ogden Niles Washington,
John Gummere, Haverford" Pa.
Samuel R. Gurpmere, Burlington, N. J.
Smay 3-6t Benjamin Hallowell, Alexandria, D..C.
V ALUABIE TRACT OF LAND FOR SALE.
I am authorized to dispose of, at private sale, a valuable
tract of land containing 1129 acres, situated in Randolph county,
Virginia, bounded by Cheat river on the one side, and-by Me-
mar s run, a branch of said river, being a part of a tract of
20,000 acres granted to Wm. Deakiis. This land. is repre-
senti d to be of good quality, well timbered, and bordering as it
-does on Cheat river, will make a first-rate, grazing farm. The
State road runs Within ten miles 0f it, and it is thought the con-
templated railroad to the Ohio river will pass through it. "
For particulars and terms apply to
EDWARD DYER, .
may 3-3taw2w 'Auction and Commission Merchant.
GOOD FRAME DWELLING -AND -iTWO
G ACRE LOT'.-On Wednesday next,.the 9th instant,
at 5 o'clock P. M. I shall'sell,on the premises, that iery excel-
lent two-story frame building with a two acre lot, lately occu-
pied by Mrs. Mary Ryan, deceased. The house issubstantially
and well built, and very comfortable, having .two rooms on the
first floor and two on the second. There is also a carriage-house
and stable, and an excellent pumpofwaterin the yard. This pFo-
perty adjoins the toll-gate, binding on the -turnpike leading to
'Bladensburg, just without the limits ofth'e.city, and is not conse-
quently subject to the Corporation-taxes. Jt is a good situation
for a market garden and dairy.
Terms of sale, I cash, I in 4 months, 4 in.8 months, and I in
12 months, notes with approved endorsors,, bearing interest.
Title unquestionable. N. W. EALES, Executor.
E. DYER,
may 3--eo&ds Auctioneer.
ARING BURGLARY-Three HundredDollars
Reward.-Between the hours of 9 aond 10 o'clock this
morning, room No. 43 at the United States Hotel was entered
by false keys, and a trunk there deposited broken open
and rifled of thie various valuable Watches and Jewelry here
below enumerated. The above reward will bepaid by the Pro-
prietor of the United States Hotel, for the recovery of'the whole,
or a due proportion for any part thereof.-
Twenty Gold Anchor Escapement Watches, all full jewelled,
gold dials and gold caps, with the name of Cls. Granger or
Allamand Brothers, engraved onr the cap, and the following
numbers in the inside of the case : Nos. 5621 5747 5749 5697 -
6055 5751 5950 5944 5948.6143 5951 6104 59466043 5928 5926
6066 6072 6063, one number not recollected.
Fourteen Gold- Lepine Watches, four or six holes Jewelled,
of which 3 or 4 with gold caps, all the others with brass caps,
gold .dials with seconds, chased gold cases, numbers 'ranging
from 5950 to 6100, in the inside of the cases, the name Lepine
engraved on the caps.
16 or 18 do. do. different sizes, all with gold dials and seconds,
the greatest part with chased cases, all with brass caps and the
name Lepine on it. Numbers rangingTfrom 59,000 to 63,006.
On these the numbers are engraved on the caps, and are probably
also marked inside.the case on most of them.
3 or 4 Ladies'-Gold Watches, vertical movement, double gold
bottom, gold seal, chased cases; numbers on the inside of the
case, ranging from 5000 to 7000. -
1 Diamond Breastpin with a large triangular Chrysolite in -
the centre, of a very bright green color.
1 Cameo Breastpin, the Cameo represents a red lion on a
dark ground..
30"to 40 real Mosaic gold mounted breastpins, all black ground,
mostly with flowers and plain, settf g, some with numbers
scratched on the back, and some with the nameof Michelini.
I gold and enamelled locket, a quantity say 20 or 24.gold
finger rings; some seal rings, with .mottoes engraved on the stores,
2 with a black enamelled ground-and a- small diamond flower,
tops open to put' hair in: 1 set with 5 or 6 rose diamonds.
- Also, a quantity of black enamelled gold- breastpins; do. set
with imitation stones, say white and green.
Philadelphia, April 6. ap 9-2w
INAIRFAX 'INSTITUTE, -for the Education of
S.' "Boys, under the direction of i heRev. GEO. A. SMITH
A..M., late Editor of the Episcopal Recorder.-The site
which has been selected for this institution is in Fairfax county,
within three miles of Alexandria, D. C., and in the immediate
vicinity of the Episcopal Theological Seminary of Virginia. It
is a situation peculiarly healthy, and in every respect eligible
for fhe purposeS of education-.'
The Principal of this institution will devote hil.self to the


D OMESTIC GOODS.-We have just opened the fol-
lowing Domestics, viz.
50 pieces fine Long Cloths
40 do 7-8 do do
50 "do Heavy Brown Cottons
150 do No. 2 Heavy Cotton Osnaburgs
75 do No. 1' do do
40 do No. I and 2 Linen Burlaps
25 do Heavy Penitentiary Plaid Cottons.
may 5-2t .BRADLEY & CATLETT.
N EW GOODS.-In addition to our former stock of Spring
Goods, we have just received-
10 pieces Matteoni Lustrings
6 do blue black Poult de Soie
10 do rich figured Challey Satin Stripes
15 do Linen Cambrics, fino and medium quality
20 do Irish Linen, warranted pure
10 dozen gentleinen's light French Gloves
4 do do black do do
10, do ladies' light do do
Domestic Nankeen, plain and twilled
Brown and white French Linens and Drillings
15 dozen Linen Cambric Handkerchiefs
20 pieces black Ginghams, very fine
4 dozen ladies' long white Pic Nic Gloves
30 do do plain and open worked Cotton Hose
5 do gentlemen's plain and knotted black Silk Half
Hose
1 case superior Umbrellas
1 do Parasols.(expected this morning)
10 pieces wool dyed black Cloth
15 do single milled Cassimeres
10 do superior Erminetts.
Which, with a complete assortment of well-selected Goods,
will be disposed of low, for cash, or to punctual customers.
may 5-d2t BRADLEY & CATLETT.
S OR RENT.--The Washington City Glass Works, near
Sthe motth of Tiber creek, will be for rent from the 20th of
June next. The terms will be liberal, and they may be rented
either for on'e year or longer.
Apply to the Superintendent, F. STINGER, at the Works.
may 4--eotlstJune
UBLIC BATHS will be open every day from 5 o'clock
A. M. until 10 o'clock P. M. Price for the Summer
season $10-Single bath 25 cents. P. AIKEN.
may 4-eo3t
M ONEY FOUND.-A small lot of money was found
S a few days since inr the ticket office of the Washington
Rail-road Company. The owner can obtain it by describing
the same and paying charges.for advertising.
Apply to SAM. STETTINIUS, Agent.
may 4-3t .
OR SALE-A Lot of ground, with a neat and comfort-
able two-story Frame Dwelling thereon, situated near the
residence of Col. Burch. The lot contains six thousand five
hundred square feet, enclosed with a good and substantial fence.;
It is well planted with fruit trees, of'the very best kind, also
grapes of the best kind, strawbei-ries, raspberries, &c. It wpuld
make an excellent market garden.
For terms of sale inquire of
ABRAHAM SMALLWOOD,.
may 4-3t Colored. man.
"F IVE DOLLARS REW4RD.--Strayed or was
stolen from the residence of the subscriber on the even-
ing of the 17th instant, a small sized stott built bay mare in good
order, having a blaze face, left eye nearly blind, a small white
spot on her near h p ; some of her feet are white but which of
them is not recollected; she is shod all round, and has a round
shoe on the off fore foot. Report says, she has been seen on the
commons in Georgetown.
The above reward will be paid for the return of said Mare -to
my place on Capitol Hill, Washington City.
may 1-eo3t JOIN S. DEVLIN.
N OTICE.-FRANCIS ICHICKEY has just arrived in
this city, with a large and-elegant assortment of Plaster
Casts, of all descriptions, modern and ancient. This collection
has been selected in different parts of Europe, and embra-
ces such as are suitable for parlor or outside ornaments, among
which are:
Venus de Medicis, from the original.
Gardener and- wife, full size.
Flora'and Ceres, do. Venus, from the Bath.
Bust of Sir Walter Scott, by Chantrey, London.
Do of Lord Byron, by Westmacott, do.
Do of Gen. Washington, full size.
Do of Benjamin Franklin, do.
Lafayette, do.
Napoleon Bonaparte at St. Helena, from the original
Apollo Belvidere, full length ; do. in bust.-
Medallions of our Saviour, from.Raphael, &c.
Ladies and gentlemen are respectfully invited to inspect-tire
entice collection, now open at the Auction and Commission
House (up stairs) opposite Brown's Hotel,-where they are offer-
ed at private sale, for a short period only, by
SETH HYATT.
F. C. offers to take-masks from living or deceased persons,
clean or repair alabaster ornaments, &c. Apply as above.
may 1-d2w .(Globe)
A CARD.-JOHN DIX, Merchant Tailor, Pennsylvania
avenue, Washington city, directly opposite Brown's Hotel,
respectfully informs his friends and. patrons that he still con-
tinues business at his old well-known stand; He als6 returns
his thanks to the numerous friends who-have patronized him for
the last twenty years, and solicits ai continuance of their favors.
'The Spring and Fall Fashions, from London and Paris, -will
be regularly received via New York. .
A. complete assortment of Fancy Goods, Vestings,- Gloves,
Shirt Bosoms, and every other article comprised in an extensive
establishment, will be found on application. The immediate ex-
ecution of any order entrusted to him may be relied on.
may 3-3twlm
B YRON'S WORKS.-The works of Lord Byron, in-
cluding the suppressed.poems. Also, a Skdtch of his
Life, by J.'W. Lake, complete in 1 vol. handsomely printed
and bound. a d
"Cowper's and Thompsoni's. Works.-The works. of.
Thompson arid Cowper, including many letters and poems ne-
ver before published in-this country, with'a new interesting
memoir of the Life of Thompson, complete in one volume.
The poetical works of Milton, Young, Gray, Beattie, 'and
Collins, complete in 1 volume.
The poetical works of.Rogers, Campbell, I. Montgomery,
Lamb,'and Kirk White, complete in1.l volume.
The works of Lawrence Sterne, with the Life of the Author,
written by-himself, in 1 volume. .
Mackenzie's Five Thousand -Receipts in all the useful and
domestic arts.
. For sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.


OIL


education of his pupils, and iill spare no exertions to promote
their improvement both in the acquisition of knowledge and.thb
formation of character. They .will constitute a family, which
will be regulated by Christian principles, with special refer-
ence to the present comfort of the inmates, and the inculcatio -
of such principles, habits, and'manners, as will best tend to fit
them for usefulness in future.life. .
SInstruction will be given by the Principal, with the aid of a
well-qualified assistant, in the Classics, and in all-the branches
of a good English education, including the Mathematics, .Natu-
ral Philosophy, &c. Instruction in-the modern languages will
also be given, if desired by a sufficient number of the pupils to.
secure the services of a competent teacher for the purpose.
The instructions of this institution will-commence on the 1st
of April. Notice, with respect to the length of the sessions
and time of vacation, will be given hereafter. The charge. for
board and tuition will be ,200 per annum, payable half yeatly
in advance. .Pupils will provide their own beds and bedding,
or be charged $10 per annum if furnished by the Principal.
Except in peculiar cases, pupils will nrt be received under
or over 14 years of age. -
.The Fairfax Institute has been kindly noticed.by the editors
of the Episcopal Recorder, -Piiladdlphia,'and the Southern
Churchman, Richmond, in the following terms s
FROM THE EPISCOPAL Ra9CORDER.
Education for Boys.-We would call attention to the ad-.
vertisement of the Rev. Mr. Smith, the late editor of the Epis-
copal Recorder, in our paper to-day. The situation which he
has- selected for his school is very central and in a healthy
neighborhood. 'His own character is a sufficient pledge that
his school-wil merit allthe confidence whl ih may-be.reposed
in jt: That we wish' him success-in this enterprise would be
saying little. We think he has a right to success; and we be-
lieve that in sueh an institution far greater beiefit will be- con-
ferred upon those who take advantage of its privileges than the
pecuniary benefit which may arise to himself.
FROM THE SOUTHERN-CHtURCHMAN.
Ftiirjax Institute.-This school, for the instruction-of boys,
will be under the'direction of the Rev. George A. Smith, as
may be learned from the advertisement in this paper. It will
scarcely be necessary for us to recommend to public confidence
one already so well known as our Reverend brother, either do
we make allusion to him for such a purpose. We wishnierely to
say how much confidence we individually repose in him qs a -
teacher, able not only to train .the mind but to improve the
heart, and to qualify those who shall be placed under his.care
for the highest degree of usefulness and happiness that mere*
instruction can effect. ."
Letters may be addressed to the Principal, at Fredericks.-
.burg, Va., until the 1st of March ; after that date,-to Alexandria,
D. C. feb 27-2aw6w.
CULTURE OF. THE MU-LBERRY;-Summary
of the principal Chinese Treatises- upon the Culture of
the Mulberry and. the rearing of Silk-worms. Translated from
the Chinese.
Note-by the Publisher.
This "summary" was first translated" from-the Chinese by