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Daily national intelligencer
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073214/00014
 Material Information
Title: Daily national intelligencer
Alternate title: National intelligencer
Sunday national intelligencer
Physical Description: v. : ; 50-60 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Gales & Seaton
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C.
Creation Date: January 18, 1838
Publication Date: 1813-
Frequency: daily (except sunday)[feb. 6, 1865-]
daily[ former 1813-feb. 5, 1865]
daily
normalized irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microform from Readex Microprint Corp., and on microfilm from the Library of Congress.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1, 1813)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1869.
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended Aug. 24-30, 1814.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02260099
lccn - sn 83026172
System ID: UF00073214:00014
 Related Items
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. : 1810)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Succeeded by: Washington express
Succeeded by: Daily national intelligencer and Washington express

Full Text













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VOL. XXVI.


WASHINGTON: THURSDAY, JANUARY 18, 1838. No. 7779.


PUBLISHED BY
GALES & SEATON.

PRICE,
For a year, ten dollars-for six months, six dollars.
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
Those subscribing for a year, who do not, either at the time of
ordering the paper, or subsequently, give notice of their wish
to have the paper discontinued at the expiration of their year,
will be presumed as desiring its continuance until counter-
manded, and it will be continued accordingly, at the option of
the Editors.

BANK OF THE METROPOLIS, JAN. 1, 1838.
T HE Board of Directors have declared a dividend of
4 per cent. for the last half year.
jan 2-3taw2w GEO. THOMAS,'Cashier.
S D. KING & JOHN WILSON, Land and Gene-
ral Agents, Washington city, D. C. Office in the rooms
lately occupied by the Bank of the Metropolis, corner of F and
15th streets. dec 14-d6m
WILLIAM C. DONELAN,
Miniature Painter,
North side of Pennsylvania Avenue, one door westof 12th st.
jan 6-eolm
CA ATALOGUE OF REASONS for using Dr.
Peters's celebrated Vegetable Pills.
1. Because they are exceedingly popular, which proves them
to be exceedingly good.
2. Because they are composed of simples which have the
power to do good in an immense number of cases, without pas-
sessing the means to do injury in any.
3. Because they are not a quack medicine, but the scientific
compound of a regular physician, who has made his profession
the study of his life.
4. Because they are not unpleasant to take, nor distressing
to retain, while they ate most effective to operate.
5. Because they are recommended as a standard medicine
by the regular faculty.
6. Because, by keeping the system in a natural state of ac-
tion, they cure almost every disease which the human frame is
incidental to.
7. Because they are cheap and portable, and will retain all
their virtues in full vigor, in any climate, and for any length of
Cme.
8. Because, notwithstanding their simplicity and mildness,
they are one of the speediest purgative medicines which has
yet been discovered.
9. Because they are an unfailing remedy for procuring a
good appetite.
10. Because in cases of spleen or despondency, by their
healthy influence on the excited state of the body, they have a
most happy effect in calming and invigorating the mind.
11. Because they effect their cures without the usual attend-
ants of other pills, sickness and gripings.
12. Because, as well as being an unrivalled purifier of the
general system, they are a sovereign remedy for sick headache.
13. Because they differ from the majority of medicines in
the fact that the more they are known the more they are ap-
proved.
14. Because, as their application produces no debility in the
system, they may be taken without producing any hindrance to
business or the usual pursuits of every day life.
15, and lastly. Because they are acknowledged to be an al-
most infallible remedy for bilious fever, fever and ague, dyspep-
sia, liver complaints, jaundice, asthma, dropsy, rheumatism, en-
largement of the spleen, lowness ofspirits, piles, colic, heart-
burn, nausea, distension of the stomach and bowels, flatulence,
habitual costiveness, loss of apFetite, blotched or sallow com-
plexion, and in all cases of torpor of the bowels, where a mild
but effective medicine may be requisite.
In short, the general voice of the community has decided
that Dr. PETERS'S Vegetable Pills are one of the happiest dis-
,'rg n o d"Jern days, and altogether nrivaelgd as a m4n &L
7t.lt#irT No. 129 Liberty sn'e Nee' trrt; .t ,tox con-"
tains 40 pills. Price 50 cents.
Be careful and inquire for Peters'9 Vegetable Pills; they
are sold by all the principal druggists in Washington, Alexan-
dria, Georgetown, and Baltimore.
jan 8-eo6m
B LANK BOOKS.-The most extensive assortment of
Blank Books of every description, made of the best mate-
rials by a first-rate workman, is constantly for sale at Stationers'
Hall, at prices the most reasonable.
jan 12 W. FISCHER.
NEW CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, AND VEST-
INGS, which will be made up in the best manner, very
cheap. BRADLEY & CATLETT.
jan 6-eo2w (Globe)
HE DEMOCRATIC REVIEW, No. 2- Will be
this morning issued, and can be procured at
F. TAYLOR'S Bookstore,
jan 3 Immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel.
7F'HE YOUNG WIFE, or D)uties of Woman in the
. A. Marriage Relation; by Wm. A. Alcott, author of the
Young Mother, Young Man s Guide, and House I Live in, and
editor of the Library of Health. For sale between 9th and 10th
streets, Pennsylvania avenue. R. FARNHAM.
dec 11
W WALKING CANES AND WHIPS.-A large
assortment of canes and whips, comprising almost every
description of both'articles, of the best quality and at the lowest
prices. For sale at the old snuff tobacco and fancy store, be-
tween llth and 12th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
jan 8 LEWIS JOHNSON:
W ANTED, a situation as teacher, by a graduate of an
European university, who has been engaged in that
profession in this country during the last eight years. Ample
recommendations for strict morality and sound ability to in-
struct in the Greek,' Latin, and English languages, and in all
the mathematical and other branches of education necessary
for admission into any of the advanced classes of the American
colleges and universities,will be exhibited from private families,
and trustees of academies in the neighboring States in which
the advertiser has taught, besides testimonials fMom the uni-
versity in which he graduated. Any commands addressed to B,
C, E, through the city post office, will be immediately attend-
ed to. jan 2-5t3taw
A DDISON'S PENCIL CASES.-The most exten-
sive assortment of Addison's superior Gold and Silver
Pencil Cases is constantly kept for sale at Stationers' Hall, at
prices from 50 cents to 20 dollars each.


lan 10 (Adv.) W. FISCHER.
URTON'S COMIC SONGSTER-For sale be-
tween Ninth and Tenth streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
dec 30 R. FARNHAM.
F IREWOOD FOR SALE.--From one to two thou-
sand cords of the best Firewood for sale, on reasonable
terms, aboutfrom one to two miles from Georgetown Ferry, on
the west side of the river. The wood either cut and corded, or
standing, to suit purchasers. Apply to J. W. Minor, Esq. at
the Glebe House, in the vicinity, or to the subscriber, in this
city. JOHN P. VAN NESS.
jan 5-tf
ANTED.-South Carolina, Alabama, and Mississippi
W Bank Notes, and Bank Checks, or Certificates of De-
posite. Also, New Orleans Funds. Apply to
W. S. NICHOLLS,
Pennsylvania Avenue.
Treasury Notes bought and sold at current rates.
dec 27-3wd
OCKHART'S LIFE OF SCOTT,vols. 4 and 5,
Boston edition, with a Portrait of Scott. For sale between
9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue,
jan 5 R. FARNHAM.


TORTOISE SHELL AND OTHER COMBS.-
The subscriber has this day received from the manufacto-
ry an invoice of newest fashion Shell and other Combs, con-
sisting of Twist, Tuck, Narrow Top, Side, Neck, &c.
Also, Backgammon Boards, complete
Graces, Battledores and other Games of exercise
G.,in'pr '-,-, 0-1 11- T.--. -Z11 1D. -


WASHINGTON CANAL STEAMBOAT COM-
PANY.-This company has declared a dividend on
the capital stock thereof, which will be paid (to stockholders)
on application at the Patriotic Bank, on and after Tuesday next,
the 16th instant. A. B. WALLER,
jan 13-3t Chair'n Com. oflManagement.
W ANTED IMMEDIATELY.-Two or three smart
active boys ; one to wait in the house, and the others to
work out doors. They must be well recommended. Those
from the country will be prc-ferrud. ApFly to the
jan 13-3t STEWARD COLUMBIAN COLLEGE.
OHN PRIVAUX, Cook to the late President Jackson,
would most respectfully announce to the citizens of Wash-
ington that he has established himself permanently between
the Six and Seven buildings, directly opposite the West Market,
and is ready at all times to wait upon those who need his ser-
vices as a skilful and professed cook, either at their dwellings
or his own Restaurant. From his long experience, he flatters
himself competent to give general satisfaction, and at the same
time his charges will be moderate. jan 13-eo3wt
IANOS.-Additional supply of superior German
Piainos.-Just received, three more of those splendid
instruments, of the same quality as those I have heretofore sold.
The tone of these pianos is powerful and sweet, their cases of
superior curled mahogany, with pillars ajid stands of the new-
est pattern ; also, on hand, two more of the same quality. I
will sell these as low as instruments of such superior quality
can be bought in the United States. Old Pianos received in
part pay. RICHARD DAVIS,
jan 13-3t Fairfax street, Alexandria.
FIRST RATE SADDLE ANDD HARNESS
HORSES FOil SALE.-Just arrived from the North
ten first rate Horses, all well broken to single and double har-
ness, among which are three pairs of very superior matches,
not to be surpassed by any in the city.
Gentlemen wishing to purchase will please to call at the Na-
tioval Hotel Livery Stables, where they can be seen.
jan 13-3t
ETERS' VEGETABLE PILLS, having stood
a the test of experience, are recommended to the Public as
a cheap and superior family medicine. When taken according
to the directions accompanying them, they are highly beneficial
in the prevention and cure of bilious fevers, fever and ague, dys-
pepsia, liver complaints, sich headache, jaundice, asthma, drop-
sy, rheumatism, enlargement of the spleen, piles, cholic, female
obstructions, heartburn, nausea, furred tongue, distension of the
stomach and bowels, incipient diarrhea, flatulence, habitual
costiveness, loss of appetite, blotched or sallow complexion, and
in all cases of torpor of the bowels, where a cathartic or an ape-
rient is needed.
They are exceedingly mild in their operation, producing nei-
ther nausea, griping, nor debility.
Prepared by Joseph Priestly Peters, M. D., at his Institu-
tion for the cure of obstinate diseases by means of vegetable
remedies, No. 129, Liberty street, New York.
Each box contains 40 pills. Price 50 cents.
For sale by S. J. TODD, C. STOTT, T. WATKINS, WM.
GUNTON, JOHN F. CALLAN, and F. H WARD, Wash-
ington ; and by WM. STABLER, C. FARQUHAR, and WM.
HARPER, Alexandria; and in Georgetown, by 0. M. LIN-
THICUM. ap 8-.eoly
RAPPAHANNOCK ACADEMY.-This institution
I will be opened agaih on the 15th of January next, under
the superintendence of its present Principal, Mr. C. A. LEWIS.
The course of instruction will be extensive, embracing the
Latin, Greek, and French languages, History, Mathematics,
the theory and practice of Surveying, the elements of Chem-
istry, and Natural Philosophy; together with those branches
which constitute a good English education. In the discharge
of the laborious duties of his station, the principal will be aided
by his present assistant, Mr. BUCKNER, and also by Mr. VAW
DOREW, a graduate of Princeton College, and highly recom-
mended by the Faculty of that institution. The discipline of
the school, though strict, will be parental and affectionate, and
every exertion used to promote the moral and intellectual cul-
ture of thoaaaam united to its cara. The superior advantages
"'6re well1(nown t'o theJA"v l
board, tuition, washing, &c. with the exception of bed, bedding,
towels, and candles, will be $120; for bed and bedding, if fur-
nished, the charge will be $6.
Letters addressed to the Principal, at the Rappahannock
Academy, will receive prompt attention.
RICHARD BUCKNER, Jr.
JOHN TAYLOR, Jr. Trustees.
.WILLIAM P. TAYLOR,
dec 16-2awlrno
ON CORD ACADEM Y.-The exercises of this'sem-
inary for the year 1838 will commence on the 1st of Feb-
ruary, and terminate on the 30th of November.
The price of board and tuition, including washing, bedding,
and fuel, will be $100 for a session of five months, payable in
advance. The course of instruction embraces the languages
and sciences generally, and is designed to prepare students
thoroughly for colleges and universities. There are at present
a few vacancies, which it will be desirable to fill with youths
whose educations are intended to b'e on a liberal scale.
In announcing the intention of resuming the duties of their
vocation, the subscribers tendertheir acknowledgments to their
patrons for the grateful sense which they manifest of the im-
provement of their sons and wards. As to the general charac-
ter of the institution, reference is made to Professors Bonny-
castle, Harrison, Emmet, Tucker and Davis, of the University
of Virginia.
The seminary is easy of access to students coming from the
North or from the South, being situated about three miles from
the Richmond and Fredericksburg Railroad.
Letters addressed to either of the subscribers, and directed
to Concord Academy, Caroline county, will be promptly attend-
ed to. A. C. COLEMAN,
F. W. COLEMAN,
dec 21-d&clm J. D. COLEMAN.
EW BOOKS.-The Youth's Letter Writer, or the
the Epistolary Art made plain and easy to beginners, through
the examples of Henry Moreton. By Mrs. John Farrar.
The American Frugal Housewife, dedicated to those who are
not ashamed of economy. By Mrs. Child.
Three Experiments of Living: Living within the Means,
Living up to the Means, Living beyond the Means.
Sequel to Three Experiments of Living.
Stories from Real Life, designed to teach true Independence
and Domestic Economy. A fresh supply, just received and
for sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
dec 18 R. FARNHAM.
VIE DE WASHINGTON.-The Life of Gen. Geo.
WVashington, in French, by A. N. Girault. For sale be-
tween 9th and 10th streets, Penn. Avenue.


nov 3 R. FARNHAM.
CASH FOR NEGROES.-I will give cash and liberal
prices for young and likely negroes of both sexes. I can
be found at Mr. Thomas Lloyd's steamboat hotel, on Seventh
street, opposite the Centre Market House, in the City of Wash-
ington. All letters (post paid) will be punctually attended to.
jan 10-eo7t JILSON DOVE.
B RITISH DRAMA, in two large octavo volumes, hand-
somely printed, and well bound, with engravings, con-
taining one hundred and twelve of the best Plays in the Eng-
lish language. Price $4 50, (equivalent to about 4 cents for
each Play.) For sale by
jan 10 F. TAYLOR.
FRESH GARDEN & GRASS SEED STORE,
S at the old established stand, M'Mahon's, 1 7
south Second street, Philadeiphia.-The subscriber in-
forms his friends and the Public generally, that lie has received
his new crop entire of Garden and Grass Seeds, which he war-
rants to be equal, ifnot superior, to any articles of the kind of-
fered to the Public.
He has also for sale, at his Nursery, on the township line
road, above the first gate on the Germantown turnpike, a choice
collection of Fruit and Ornamental Trees, many of the latter
suitable for street planting, together with a great variety of gar-
den shrubbery.
Also, a choice 'collection of Double Dahlias, which he will war-
rant to be true to name and color.
Also, several thousand Macluras, or Osage Apple, or Orange
Trees, suitable for hedges, together with a great variety of hot-
house and green-house plants, all of which will be sold as rea-
sonable as they can be purchased in any part of the United


JUST RECEIVED.-
Elegant black Lace Veils
Thread Laces
do Edgings
do Insertings
Swiss Edgings
do Insertings
Muslin Bands
Superior Linen-Cabric Handkerchiefs
Book and Swiss Muslins
Colored Straw Bonnets, &c.
jan 16-3t WM. & GEO. STETTiNIUS.
P TO THE LADIES OF WASHINGTON.-Mrs.
-1. BLAKEY, of Baltimore, corset maker, from London, will
exhibit her celebrated Corsets for sale, for a few days, conm-
nencing on Tuesday, the 16th inst. at Miss Attridge s, dress
maker, over Mr. Beardsley's confectionary store, Pennsylvania
avenue, near 12th street, where the ladies may avail them.
selves of the opportunity to purchase.
jan 13-3t


ALE OF GENTEEL FURNITURE-By Ed-
ward Dyer.-On Friday next, the 19th instant, at 11
o'clock A. M., I shall sell, at the residence of Mr. Samuel L.
Willson, on Capitol Hill, B street north, near the residence of
Colonel William Brent, the furniture of his Boarding establish-
ment, consisting in part of-
Mahogany Sideboard, Brass Andirons and Fenders
Cane-seat and other Chairs, gilt set Dessert China
Cut Celeries, Ivory handle Knives and Forks
Handsome Tureen, &c., Damask French Napkins
Hall Lamps, passage and stair Carpeting and Rods
With ,high-post and French Bedsteads, very superior Beds,
niade in the family, Mattresses, Marseilles Quilts, Blankets and
Comnfortables, of best quality ; with several excellent Chamber
Carpets, Bureaus, Toilet Glasses, Washstands, Basins and Pit-
chers, with many other articles desirable to housekeepers, and
not necessary to be enumerated.
There will also be added, a first-rate double-barrelled Fowl-
ing Piece, and an excellent Violin.
Terms ofsale : For all sums of and under $20, cash ; over $20,
a credit of 60 days; purchasers giving notes, with approved
endorsers. EDWARD DYER,
jan 16-TuTh&F Auctioneer.

AW SCHOOL.-Judge THOMSON, of Chamnoers-
h)u burg, has opened a school for instructing young gentle-
men in the science of law. His mode of teaching is not by formal
lectures, a method which does not seem well suited to a science
so abstract, requiring so much reflection, and so much an object
of memory, as the law. The students are required to study,
with diligence, the best elementary writers, referring, when
necessary to a full knowledge of the subject, to the original-
authorities; and they are examined so frequently that all their
reading is thus brought under review. In these examinations,
what they have passed over negligently is recalled and imprint-
ed upon their memory; what they have not understood, is fully
explained ; and occasion is taken to communicate, in a plain and
familiar manner, such information, on the subjects to which
their reading has been directed, as they may not readily gain
from books.
The course of study embraces not only the principles but the
practice of the profession, so far as the latter can be taught by
books, and careful oral instruction.
The students have the use of a large and well-selected law
library.
The Terms are $100 per year.
The course of studies will require two years to complete it.
jan 6-d&c6t

A BOLMAR'S INSTITUTION FOR BOYS,
L West Chester.-The above school, for the education
and instruction of Boys, is located in the borough of West Ches-
ter, Chester county, Penn., within about four hours' ride of
Philadelphia, by the Columbia Railroad.
The buildings have been planned and completed expressly
for a Boarding School.
IThl school has been in full operation since May, 1834.
1" -.. ^',f boarders has var1?d between atv.iadcghty,
phia, where'A.OLMAR has been 'f.,-'is
youths for many years.
The pupils are advanced, as rapidly as their intelligence per-
mits, in the knowledge of such branches as fully prepare them
for college or for a mercantile life.
The most particular attention is paid to the morals, health,
manners, and personal neatness of the pupils.
No boarder is ever permitted to leave the premises without
permission.
No new pupils are received over fourteen years of age.
As there is in West Chester a place of worship for almost
every religious sect, pupils are accompanied or sent on Sundays
to any one that parents or guardians designate.
The school year consists of four quarters, of eleven and a half
weeks each. There is a vacation of three weeks in April, and
another likewise of three weeks in October. If desired, any
boarder may remain at the school during the vacations.
The course of instruction comprises Orthography, Reading,
Writing, Arithmetic, Geography, the use of the Globes, Eng-
lish Grammar, English Composition, History, Book-Keeping,
Algebra, Geometry, Mensuration, and Surveying; the Latin,
Greek, French, Spanish, and German languages.
During the winter, Lectures on the Elements of Natural Phi-
losophy, Chemistry, and Astronomy, are delivered to the pupils
at such time as does not interfere with I heir other studies, and
by this means they get some valuable information during a time
which is generally spent in idleness in most boarding schools.
The charge for each boarder is $250 perannum, payable quar-
terly in advance. This sum is in full for tuition in all the above
branches-except in French, Spanish, and German-for Board-
ing, Lodging, Washing, Fuel and Light, including also the use
of Bedding, Maps, Globes, and of Books for reading.
Pupils studying French, Spanish, or German, pay for each
$50 extra per annum.
Drawing $10 per quarter.
The Principal is assisted in the discharge of the duties of his
school by Messrs. 1-1. B. PEARSON,. JAMES A. KEECHi, THOMAS
COSGROVE, CHAS. BURTON, Louis BEER, M. GOLE, and F. LE
BARBIER.
REFERENCES.
In Philadelphia.-Rev. Samuel B. Wylie, D. D., *A. D
Bache, Henry Reed, Professors in the University ofPennsylva-
nia; Charles Picot, *Matthew Carey, *S. Jaudon, *Peter Gra-
ham, *Gerard Ralston, *Ashbal Ralston, A. de Valville, Robert
Walsh, Esquires ; Professor Walter R. Johnson ; *John M.
Brewer, M. D. ; M. E. Hersan, Esq. French Consul; *John
Swift, Esq. MayorofPhiladelphia ; Hon. John Sergeant; *Hon.
Joseph Barnes ; John K. Mitchell, M. D. ; Peter S. Duponcean,
*H. D. Gilpin, Henry Toland, *S. C. Walker, *John Frost,
*Manuel Eyre, Esquires ; James Rush, M. D. ; *Hon. George
M. Dallas; *John M. Scott, Esq.; George McClellan, M.D. ;
S. Calhoun, M. D.; Professor Jacob Gmeen; *John M. Read,
*Clement C. Biddle, *Moses Kempwon, Esquires; *Hlon. Wm.
Duane; Colonel Wmin. Drayton; Charles J. Ingersoll, Esq.;
*Wm. Gibson, M. D. ; *Robert E. Griffith, M. D.; J. J. Van-
der Kemp, *Coliiian Fisher, *P. J. Van Hall, *Isaac Harvey,
*Wm. Read, *Henry C. Carey, Esqrs.; Samuel Jackson, M.
D.; Philip M. Price, M. D.; John Bell, M. D. ; *Isaac Lea,
*Jacob Gilliams, *Isaac Roach, John Laval, *Charles Chaun-
cey, Joseph R. Ingersoll, Esqrs. ; *Isaac Hays,M.D.; N. Shoe-
maker, M. D.; *General Patterson; *Joseph G. Nancrede, M.
D.; Eli K. Price, Esq.; *Thomas Harris, M.D.; *Algernon
S. Roberts, HIenry White, *John Stewart, *Wm. B. Fling,
*Dmimden B. Carter, Esqrs. ; *Col. John G. WVatmnough ; *Con-
dy Ragumet, *Thomas U. Walter, *Samuel H. Carpenter, *L.
Kimball, Esqrs.; and *PaMlo Chacon, Esq., Consul General of
Spain.
In Burlington, N. J.-Right Rev. G. W. Doane, D. D.
In West Chester.-W-Wm. Darlington, M. D. ; *Ziba Fyle,
Esq.; Isaac Thomas, M. D.; *John WV. Townsend, *David
Townsend, *Nathan H. Sharpless, *Townsend Haines, Esqrs.;
*Wilmer Worhington, M. D.; *W. H. Dillinoham, Esq.
In Pittsburgh.-*Hon. T. B.Dallas and *H. Bonnet, Esq.
In Washington, D. C.-Wrm. S. Derrick. Eso.


la Virginia.-*;Wm. Burke, Esq., Red Sulphur Springs.
*John Dunn and *Benjamin Jones, Esqrs., Petersburg.
In Charleston, S. C.-Dr. Wilkinson.
In Gsorgia.-*Hon. Langdon Cheves, *Isaac Minis, *M.
Myers, *Robert Hazlehurst, *Peter Wiltberger, Esqrs.; Geo.
Jones, M. D.
In Louisiana.- *Hugo C. Gildemeester, *Richard Bein,
*John D. Bein, *Wmn. McKean, and *Henry McCall, Esqrs.
N. 1-.- The P-in,,innl nofthe i'n ott,,t;,, i n .. .- -*,. -_


EHE CHRISTIAN STATESMAN, devoted to the
promotion of just views in Literature Humanity
liberty, Politics, African Colonization, and Religion.
he Rev. R. R. GURLEY, Editor.
The undersigned propose to establish in the City of Wash-
igton, under the editorial direction of the Rev. R. R. Gurley,
weekly paper, adapted to promote just views in ]Ilorals, Alan-
crs, Government, and Religion, and which, separate from
ie selfish conflicts of ambition, and the uncharitable controver-
es of sectarianism, shall contribute to unite all Patriots and
'hristians in the accomplishment of objects for the good of our
)untry, the benefit of humanity, and there glory of God. It
ill be our endeavor, through the aid of our able and efficient
editor, to make this journal worthy the patronage of the Amer-
an People. The cause of African Colonization will be ad-
acated as meriting the united, immediate, earnest, and liberal
support of this nation. A summary of general intelligence
ill be given weekly ; and, during the session, a condensed re-
prt of the proceedings of both Houses of Congress, and a brief
vww of public affairs. In fine, no means will be neglected of
pesenting to the Public through the columns of the Statesman,
ach, information, facts, and arguments, on the topics which
lost occupy the minds of the wise and good in this country and
aEe, as may tend to advance the great cause of human im-
[.ovement and happiness, and render this journal in every re'
sect a valuable family newspaper.
CONDITIONS.
The CHRISTIAN STATESMAN will be published in the City of
Vashington, every Friday morning, on an imperial sheet, at $3
per annum, payable in advance. Individuals transmitting the
a mount for five or more papers, shall receive them at $2 50
q'ch, per annum.
The first number will be issued in the first week in Februa-
rt, 1838.
,n All communications relating to subscriptions, and the
financial affairs of this journal, to be addressed to ETTER &
BAYNE, publishers of the Christian Statesman, Washington
CVy, D. C. Those relating to the editorial department: to the
Rfv. R. R. GURLEY, editor, &c.


.dee 30-


JOSEPH BETTER,
WILLIAM II. BAYNE.


YSTERS, TE RRAPINS, AND VENISON.-
.The subscriber has just received a large supply of re-
niarkably fine Newark Oysters, to which he invites the atten-
tion of lovers of this delicious shellfish. He has also got some
immense Rockfish, the finest ever brought to this market.
His larder will be found well supplied with Terrapins, Veni-
son, and other delicacies. J. BOULANGER.
jan 15-3t (Globe)
N EW MA2IOGANY FURNITURE, MANTEL
i and Pier Glasses, Piano, &c.-I have jusL received
for private sale-
3 new mahogany Sideboards,
Several new mahogany toilet and plain Bureaus,
Secretary, and Bookcase,
1 dozen mahogany hair seat Chairs,
2 dozen maple cane seat do
Mahogany dining and card Tables,
A beautiful maple centre Table,
Hair seat Sofas, new and second hand,
One new and one second-hand Piano-Forte,
s Large gilt mantel and pier Glasses, French and
A German plates,
V 'Ta great variety of mahogany mantel and pier Glasses, all
si all of which will be sold at reduces prices for cash. A
f 'itares National Theatre Stock, fully paid up, for sale.
A EDWARD DYER,
j-3t Auctioneer and Commission Merchant.
Y J'4 GE ON JBANKING.-A short history of paper
6 lr O.n,-y and banking in the United States, including an
a. eniof Provincial and Continental paper money ; to which
*ad,Ked an inquiry into the principles of the system, &c.
he'an inquiry into the expediency of dispensing with bank
ne and bank paper in the fiscal concerns of the United
J By Wrn. M. Gouge.
_esh supply just received and for sale, between 9th and
,, streets, 'enn. avenue. R. FARNHAM.

S minuiveaccount of the various military and naval oper-
tions, with many engravings, one volume, is just received and
for sal" by F. TAYLOR.
t Or for circulation among the subscribers to theWaverley Cir-
ulating Library. jan 15
CHiOOL BOOKS.-The subscriber is constantly re-
ceiving from the publishers, at the North, a great variety
}if School Books, in every department, and which will be sold
'lt the same prices as if bought from the publishers.
Parents and teachers will find it to their advantage to ( examine
the books, and a liberal discount always made when bought by
the quantity. R. FARNHAM.
At the School and Juvenile Book Store, between 9th and 10th
streets, Penn. avenue. jan 15
F RESH FLORIDA WATER.-Just received from
the laboratory of the original inventor Laroque, and for
sale at the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store, between 11th
and 12th streets, Pennsylvania avenue. L. JOHNSON.
P. S. A general assortment of fresh Perfumeries, Toilette
Soaps, &c. for sale at the lowest prices, as above. jan 15
LOUR, CORN, &c.--
S200 barrels Flour, Clagett's brand,
300 do do different brands,
1,000 do Corn,
3,000 bushels ground Alum Salt,
800 tons Plaster,
In store and for sale by W. SMOOT,
jan 15-7t Georgetown.
S0TlHIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
A lath obtained from the Orphans' Court of Charles
county, letters of administration on the personal estate of
Henry Davidson, late of Charles county, Md. deceased. All per-
sons having claims against the said deceased are hereby
warned to exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof, to the
subscriber, at or before the 20th day of August next ; they may
otherwise by law be excluded from all benefit of said estate.
Given under my hand this 5th day of December, 1837.
JOHN H. DAVIDSON,
Administrator of Henry Davidson, deceased.
dec 9-w4wv
I~HIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
S lhas obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington
County, in the District of Columbia, letters of administration
de bonis non, with the will annexed, on the personal estate of
David Bates, late of Washington county, deceased. All per-
sons having claims against the deceased are hereby warned
to exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof, to the sub-
scriber, on or before the 5th day of January next; they may
otherwise, by law, be excluded from all benefit of said estate.
Given under my hand, this 5th day of January, 1838.
DANIEL C. DIGGES,
janr 6-w3w Administrator D. B. N. W. A.
-tLOUR.-100 bbls. white wheat Family Flour, very su-
perior,
85 bbls. Pennsylvania mountain wheat Flour,
300 do. superfine Flour, most approved brands,
100 do. scratched or fine Flour.
In store, and for sale by W. T. COMPTON,
jan 11-w3t Water street, Georgetown.
JUST RECEIVED-
3 hhds. and 5 bbls. Whiskey
4 hales Marseilles Almonds
2 do English Walnuts
2 do Filberts
8 baskets Champagne, key and other brands
3 casks Dunbar's Brown Stout
10 kegs prime Butter, Baltimore inspection
200 Shenandoah Roll do
Citron, Raisins, Currants, &c.
For sale low by
dec29-law3w CLEARY & ADDISON.
A CARD.-An persons shall receive their accounts, they
will please call and settle them, as it is particularly de-
sirable that all accounts should be closed, either by note or
otherwise, before a new one is opened for 1838.
BRADLEY & CATLETT.
dec 30-w3t (Glo.&Mad.)
li'lYMNS, selected from various authors, with a Key of


S HOES.-I have this day received-
100 pairs furred walking Shoes
200 do kid and morocco Slippers
50 do kip kid and morocco do
100 do seal Boots
50 do children's do do
Also, 150 pair men's coarse Brogans, at 75 cents.
jan 13-eo6t [Globe] A. W. TURNER.


C ONFECTIONARY.-J. BEARDSLEY, Jr. would
respectfully inform his customers and the Public general-
ly, that he is always prepared to execute any and all orders, at
the shortest notice, that be may be favored with, on the most
liberal terms and reduced prices.
Cakes, Ice-Creams, Jellies, Pastry,
Pyramids, Sugar-baskets, Roman Punch,
Pyramid Cakes, Charlotte Russe,
Custards, &c. &c.
Three doors west of 12th street, Pennsylvania Avenue.
Orders from the country punctually attended to, and articles
packed carefully. jan 13-dlw&eolw
BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY.
JOHN J. DONALI)SON, PRESIDENr,
NSURES LIVES for one or more years, or for life.

Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
Age. One year. Seven years. For life.
25 1.00 1.12 2.04
30 1.31 1.36 2.36
35 1.36 1.53 2.75
40 1.69 1.83 3.20
45 1.91 1.96 3.73
50 1.96 2.09 4.60
55 2.32 3.21 5.78
C0 4.35 4.91 7.00
GRANTS ANNUITIES.
Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
60 years of age, 10.55 per cent.
65 do. 12.27 do. per annum.
70 do. 14.19 do.
SELLS ENDOWMENTS.
For One Hundred Dollars deposited at birth of child the Com-
pany will pay, if he attain 21 years ofage, $469
At six months, 408
One year, 375
The Company also executes trusts ; receives money on depo-
site, paying interest semi-annually, or compounding it, arind
makes all kinds of contracts in which life or t1je interest of mo-
ney is involved. WILLIAM MURDOCK, Secretary.


AGENTS.
James H. Causten, City of Washing
Dr. B. R. Wellford, Fredericksburg,
John 0. Lay, Richmond, Va.
1). Robertson, Norfolk, Va.
A. S. Tidball, Winchester, Va.
George Richards, Leesburg, Va.
Neilson Poe, Frederick, Md.
feb 3-ly


PRESENTS FOR BRIDES.-I
training embroidered kid and satin g
bouquet, got up in Paris, expressly as P
are now opened at Stationers' Hall, the only
can be obtained in this country.
dec 18 (Adv & Met)
N EW BOOKS.-Potter's Antiquiti
J._l notes, by Thomas Boyd, LL. D., Gin
Mechanics' Pocket Dictionary ; being a n
cal terms, rules, and tables in mathematics
the use of millwrights, engineers, machine
carpenters, joiners, and students of natu
Glasgow edition, just imported and for
ANDERSON'S Book, Stationery, and Fa
vania avenue, between 11th and 12th street
7~ ODD'S SABDBATH SCHOOL
L The Sabbath School Teacher, design
and perfecting the Sabbath School Syste
Tod, Pastoi of the First Congregational
S-l. e between
nov0.
SUPERIOR PERFUMERY.-
opened, since his return from New Ye
assortment of superior Perfumery, made by
perfumers in London, Paris and America.
prise a small portion of the great variety th
for sale at Stationers' Hall, which establish
cently much enlarged and greatly improve(
Double Extract Vetivert, Portugal, Cedrz
Bouquet de Caroline, Bouquet de Roi, B
Eau de Toilette, Esprit de Cedrat, Eau
Genuine Farina Cologne, best French an
Ambrosial Lavender, Bay Water, Ambro
Naples Soap, Narles Compound, Sapona
Guerlain's Pomatum and Oil for the Hai
Cold Cream, Rowland's Kalydor and Ma
Rouge, Aromatic Vinegar
Inexhaustible Salts, with every variety
Soaps, Toilet Soaps, Oils for the Hair, P
Tooth Powder, Lip Salve, &c.
With many other articles too numerous to p
IN CHANCERY.
Jacob Gideon, jr. vs. James L.
T HE substance of the bill in this case
in the spring of 1830, the said Jacob
his promissory note, dated 12th March, 183
$233 50 to one F. X. Kennedy; that the s
deposited this note in the hands of defender
rity, with the understanding that it was to
the payment of the debt for which it was pli
That the defendant, McKenna, brought
Jacob Gideon, jr. on the said note, and rec
default; that the debt, as collateral security
note had been deposited with the said JamE
paid before the said suit was brought; that t
on was not then advised of this defence, an
prise; that McKenna has caused a ca-sa to b
upon the said judgment; and prays aperpet
strain the said McKenna,his counsel, attorn
Marshal from proceeding with the said si
relief.
And it appearing to the satisfaction of the
James L. McKenna hath not been summit
filing of the said bill hath removed out of thE
bia to the State of Virginia, it is this 29th
1837, ordered, adjudged, and decreed that
ant cause thie substance of his said bill and
to be advertised in the National Intelligenc
six successive weeks, warning the said defe
pear in the Clerk's office of this county at
on the first Monday of April next, then and
said bill ; otherwise, the same will be taken i
him : the publication of this order to appear
before said day.
By order of the Court.
Test.


dec 4-w6w


ton.
Virginia.


N virtue of a Deed of Trust from Henry Dawes and Cyn-
thia his wife, to the subscribers, for purposes therein men-
tioned. will be sold at public auction, at Samuel Walker's Ta-
vern, on Thursday, February 1, at 12 o'clock meridian, a tract
of land of about fifty acres, lying on the Potomac river, in Fair-
fax county, known as Con n's Ferry Farm.
One-tenth of the purchase-money will be required in cash ;
the balance in equal payments of 12, 18, and 24 months; the
whole of the deferred payments to bear interest from-the day
of sale ; the notes to be secured by bond and security, and a
lien by deed of trust on the property sold. On the payment
of the whole purchase-money the subscribers will, as trustees,
convey to the purchaser all right and title of Henry Dawes to
the property.
Persons wishing to view the property, or wishing any infor-
mation, may inquire of the subscribers,
W. NOYES & CO.,
A. B. WALLER,
jan 4-law Trustees.
OTICE.-By virtue of an order from .the Orphans
Court of Charles County, Maryland, I hereby give no-
tice that I have obtained from said Court letters of administra-
tion on the personal estate of John Dyson. All persons having
claims against the said deceased, are hereby notified to exhibit
the same to the subscriber on or before the first day of June
next, with the pror" vouchers thereto attached; they May oth*
erwise by law be excluded from all benefit of said estate. All
persons indebted to the deceased are also requested to make
immediate paymentto WM. H. D. DYSON,
nov 24- law6w Admin'r of John Dyson.
P UBLIC NOTICE.-This is to give notice that the
subscriber has obtained from the Orphans' court of PrincG
George's county, Maryland, letters of administration de bonis
non on the personal estate of the late Major Theodore W.
Maurice. All persons having claims against the said deceased
are hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouchers
thereof, to the subscriber, on or before the first day of June
next; they will otherwise, by law, be excluded fr6m all benefit
of said estate. Given under my hand this first day of Decem-
ber, 1837. B. J. SEMMES,
dec 4-law6w Administrator.
UBLIC NOTICE.-This is to give notice that the
P subscriber has obtained from the Orphans' courtofPrince
George's county, Maryland, letters of administration on the
personal estate of Margaret M. Maurice, deceased. All persons
having claims against said deceased are hereby warned to ex-
hibit the same, with the vouchers thereof, to the subscrihbr, on
or before the first day of June next; they will otherwise, by
law, be excluded from all benefit of said estate. Given under
my hand this first day of December, 1837.
dec 4-law6w B. J. SEMMES, Administrator.
Circuit Court of the District of Columbia for Wiash-
ington County, sitting as a Court in Equity.
Aaron M. Gattrell,


VS.
Frederick Keller, administrator of Charles Hartman, deceased,
Louisa Hartman, Robert Reither, and Catherine, his wife.
TEHE bill of complaint in this case states that Charles Hart-
Elegant boxes, con- man died seized in fee of a lot situate on Bridge street,
loves, and beautiful in Georgetown, in the District of Columbia, and possessed of
*resents for Brides, a considerable personal estate ; that he died intestate, without
place at which they making a will and testament, leaving Catherine Hartman his
W. FISCHER. widow, and three minor children, viz. Elizabeth, Charles, and
W. FISCHER. Louisa, which estate devolved upon them as his legal children
es of Greece, with and heirs at law, subject to the right of the widow for her thirds
asgow edition. in the same during her life. The bill states that Frederick Kel-
note book of techni- ler, of Washington county, D. C., took out letters of adminis-
and mechanics, for tration upon the personal estate of the said deceased. That time
e makers, founders, said deceased owed but very little, if any fishing, and that the
ral philosophy ; the whole of his personal estate became liable to be distributed
sale at GARRET among his heirs. The bill further states that the complainant,
ncy Store, Pennsyl- after the death of the said intestate, and when the said Eliza-
ts. beth was about twenty years of age, married her, and had a
child born from said marriage, and during the lifetime of the
T EAC ER.- said Elizabeth; that on the 11th day of September, 1835, his
ed to aid in elevating said wife died, leaving said child, who also died on day of
By Rev Jon next ensuing the death of the mother; that upon the mar.
hnrch inPle of the said cu..plainait with his said wife, he became en-, .
,h a -1- I -'_eeis, .. ... t and rights aurl 6i i-v it-dir'"- -
',.R. .FARN'" of t ie e
S"AR same roine said Frederick Keller, us administrmm1 t i, l
-W. FISCHER has as from the widow of the said intestate, who, since his death,
ork, a very extensive intermarried'with Robert Reither, also from said Robert Reither,
7 the most celebrated all of whom refused to pay or account with him for the same, al-
The following corn- leging that his said wife had no claim to any part ofsaid per-
mat is constantly kept sonal estate. The bill further states that, among the personal
iment has been re- property left by said intestate, were several negro slaves,
d : which the said administrator is also bound to account for, which
at, Vieviene he refuses to do, alleging that the same had been manumitted
bouquet la Reine by said intestate. The bill further states that, some time in the
de Miel year 1832, Charles Hartman, one of said minor children, died,
nd American do being then under age, and that Louisa'Hartman (who is also
isial Cream prayed to be made defendant to the bill) is still a minor, resid-
aceous Compound ing out of the jurisdiction of the Court in Maryland, and it
r prays a partition of all the intestate's real estate.
acassar Oil The object of the bill is to have the said Frederick Keller,
Robert Reither, and Catherine Reither account forhnd discover
of the best Shaving what real estate the said Charles Hartman died seized of, where
owder for the Skin, and how situated, also what specific articles of personal pro-
perty he owned at his death, the amount of money in cash or
articularize, bank iotes he left in hand at his death, and the amount of debts
due to him, and who from, whether on note or book account or
McKenna. otherwise ; and, also, that the said Robert Reither, and Cathe-
e is, that some time rine his wife, shall state by what right they now hold the said
Gideon, jr. loaned real estate, and that they do exhibit their right or pretended
0, at ninety days, for claim to the same. And forasmuch as ic appears that the said Ro-
aid F. X. Kennedy bert Reither, and Catherine Reither, his wife, and Louisa Hart-
nt as collateral secu- man are not citizens of the District of Columbia. and do not re-
be delivered up on side within the jurisdiction of this honorable Court-it is, by this
edged. Court, this 6th day of December, in the year 1837, ordered
suit against the said that the said complainant give notice to the said absent defen-
overed judgment by ants, warning them to be and appear in this Court on or by the
" for which the said first Monday of May next, in person or by solicitor, and answer
es L. McKenna, was the matters and things set forth in the said bill, and that if they
he said Jacob Gide- shall' fail so to appear, and answer the several matters and
d was taken by sur- things in the said bill set forthi, the same shall be taken for con-
e issued against him fessed as against said absent defendants, and such decree made
tual injunction to re- in the premises against them, as the Court shall deem right and
eys, agents, and the equitable : Provided, however, that the said notice be published
uit, and for general in the National Intelligencer once a week forsix weeks succes-
sively, thie first insertion to appear at least four month'before the
Court that the said said first iMonday of May next, and also that such public notice
oned, and since the contain the substance and object of said bill.
e District of Colum- By order of the Court. Test: WM. BRENT, Clerk.
i day of November, BRENT & BRENT, for the complainant.
Sthe said compnlain- dec 9-w6w


a copy of this order
er once a week for
endant to be and ap-
the rules to be held
there to answer the
for confessed against
at least four months

WM. BRENT,


Clerk.


Charles County Court, August Term, 1837.
ORDERED by the Court, that the creditors of George S.,
Boarman, a petitioner for the benefit of the insolvent
laws of the State of Maryland, be and appear before the Judg-
es of Charles county Court on the third Monday in March
next, to appoint a Trustee for their benefit, and show cause, if'
any they have, why the said George S. Boatman shall not have
the benefit of said acts. Provided a copy of this order be in-
serted in some newspaper published in the District of Colum-
bia once a week for two months successively, before the said
third Monday in March next.


True copy-Test:
nov 24-law2m


EDMUND KEY.
JOHN BARNES,
Clerk of Charles co. Court.


N EW INK.-A large quantity of unchangeable dark and
L light blue Ink is just opened at Stationers' Hall. This
entirely new composition, from its intensely vivid and agree-
able contrast to the paper, from its -power of resisting the usual
bleaching agents: by which its durability can be insured, willbe
found to be better fitted for all the common and business purposes
of writing, and for all durable records, than any other solutions
of color ever yet offered to the Public.
W. FISCHER.


HISTORYY OF THE UNITED STATES, or
REPUBLIC OF AMERICA, designed for schools
and private libraries, fifth edition, revised and corrected. By
Emma Willard.
HISTORY OF ENGLAND.-Hume and Smollett's
celebrated History of England, from its first settlement to the
year 1760, accurately and impartially abridged ; and a contin-
uation from that period to the coronation of George IV. illus-
trated by twenty-four pages of engravings.
THE HISTORICAL CABINET; containing au-
thentic accounts of many remarkable and interesting events
which have taken place in modern times, carefully collected
and compiled from various and authentic sources, and not to be
found in any other work hitherto published-illustrated with
engravings. For sale, between 9th and 9th streets, Pennsyl-
vania avenue. R. FARNHAM.
M ICKWICK CLUB CONCLUDED.-The fifth
V volume of the Pickwick Club is this day received for sale
by F. TAYLOR, or for circulation among the subscribers to the
Waverley Circulating Library. jan 3
EW NOVELS.-The Old Commodore, by the author
of Ratlin the Reefer, in 2 volumes.
Also, The Duke of Monmouth, by the author of the Colle-
gians.
Sayings and Doings of Samuel Slick, of Slicksville, 1 vol.
Are this day received for sale by F. TAYLOR,
or for circulation among the subscribers to the Waverley Circu-
lating Library, immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel. dec 13
A EW INKS.-Just opened at Stationers' Hall, a very
T large (qulantity of Stephens's unchangeable dark-blue Writ-
ing Fluid. This entirely new composition, from its intensely
vivid and agreeable contrast to the paper, from its power of re-
sisting the usual bleaching agents by which its durability can
k. ....... 1 -;1 k. L -*.--1 f L i -. 1 -I Att*d ir/ AI f..----


/it


4^


- -74 o..00,











DEBATE IN THE SENATE

TUESDAY, JANUARY 9, 1838.

MR. CALHOUN'S RESOLUTIONS.
The Senate resumed the consideration of Mr. CAL-
IOUN's resolutions, on the relations, &c. of the States and
General Government. The question being on the fourth
of the series as follows :
Resolved, That domestic slavery, as it exists in the South-
ern and W`estern States of the Union, composes an important
part of their domestic institutions, inherited from thhir ancestors,
and existing at the adoption of the Constitution, by which it is
recognized as constituting an important element in the apportion-
ment of its powers among the States ; and that no change of opin-
ion or feeling, on the part of the other States of the Union in
relation to it, can justify them or their citizens in open and sys-
tematic attacks thereon, with the view to its overthrow; and
that all such attacks are in manifest violation of the mutual and
solemn pledge to protect and defend each other, given by the
States, respectively, on entering into the constitutional compact,
which formed the Union, and, as such, are a manifest breach of
faith, and a violation of the most solemn obligations."
Mr. GRUNDY said that, having been absent
from sickness when the votes were recorded on the passed
resolutions, he took this opportunity of saying that he zeal-
ously concurred with the object of the resolutions, and, had
he been present, should have voted in favor of every one of
them.
The question was then taken on the passage of the 4th
resolution, and wascarried, as follows :
YEAS-Messrs. Allen, Bayard, Benton, Black, Brown,
Buchanan, Calhoon, Clay, of Ala., Clay, of Ky., Clayton,
Crittenden, Cuthbert, Fulton, Grundy, Hubbard, King,
Lumpkin, Lyon, Nicholas, Niles, Norvell, Pierce, Preston,
Rives, Roane, Robinson, Sevier, Smith, of Conn., Strange,
Walker, White, Williams, Wright, Young-34.
NAYS-Messrs. McKean, Morris, Prentiss, Smith, of
Ind., Swift-5.
The question then recurred on the adoption of the fifth
resolution as follows :
Resolved, That the intermeddling of -any State or States,
or their citizens, to abolish slavery in this District, or any of
L the Territories, on the ground, or under the pretext, that it is
immoral or sinful, or the passage of any act or measure of Con-
gress, with that view, would be a direct and dangerous attack
on the institutions of all the slaveholding States."
Mr. SMITH, of Connecticut, said that though
he had voted in favor of the preceding resolutions, in doing
so he did not intend to express himself as being in favor of
slavery. Mr. S. then proceeded to state the reasons why
he should not vote in favor of the fifth resolution, because
it did not appear to him that the present Senate was com-
petent to decide forall future Senates as to the powers of
future legislators.
Mr. PIERCE, of New Hampshire, rose, and
said the Senate had come at length to the ground on which
this contest was to be determined. The District ofColum-
Sbia was now emphatically the battle-field of the abolition-
ist, and the resolution immediately under consideration,
with, perhaps, some modifications in phraseology, would
present the true issue here and to the country-an issue
which would raise, not a mere question of expediency, but
one of a much higher character, in which the public faith
is directly involved.
That my position, said Mr. P., may be distinctly under-
stood, some explanation is perhaps due to the State which
I have the honor, in part, to represent, especially as there
is a manifest disposition, in certain quarters, to pervert our
votes and-misrepresent our motives.
I have given to the resolutions all the consideration
which 1I am capable of bestowing, and have listened to
the d'iate which they have elicited with interest and pro-
found attention. '0
If the grave objections suggested on the other side were
sustained by an examination of the resolutions themselves,
or a course of sound argumentation, they would ensure
my opposition. What are they ? The first that reached
my ear was that they contain latent nullification. I have-
waited to hear the particular resolution, sentence-or phrase
pointed out in which this heresy is supposed to be conceal-
ed, and I have waited in vain. Having, then, assertion on
one side, and what appears to me to be the plain reading
of the resolutions and the frank and unqualified declara-
tion of the mover on the other, 1 must be excused if I do
not take the alarm.
We have next eloquent& disquisitions upon the liberty
of speech and the freedongof the press. To every senti-
ment uttered upon these su. objects I yield my cordial assent;
but why introduced on i5is particular occasion, I have
been at a loss to deterjl WTo ld any man here abrid
4.ie liberty.af speed .~-- .- *... --- .
10 'A "s lUut i b b I -
tion an invasion of either1? rot a syllable. That these
are privileges most dear to every American is freely admit-
ted by all. Why such a variety of changes have been
rung upon -them in this debate, others may determine. It
is not my province to judge of motives, and I would take
occasion only to remark that no man shall make up an issue
upon this subject for me. I oppose the abolitionists, for
the very reason that I entertain a sacred regard for these
in common with all other rights secured by the Constitu
tion.
But it is further urged against the resolutions, (said Mr.
P.) that they are mere abstractions. Sir, it is quite imma-
aerial what name you apply to them; sufficient is it that
they meet the case, that they encounter the abolitionist
upon sound and tenable ground, and furnish a conclusive
answer to-his importunities. To say that the petitions re-
fer only to this District, and that the principles asserted in
the preceding resolutions are consequently without appli-
cation, is perfectly idle. It is impossible to read a single
number of the leading abolition periodicals, without per-
ceiving that their object reaches far beyond this District,
and stops at no point short of general emancipation in the
States. And yet, sir, I suspect that you would find few
intelligent abolitionists, who would assert that Congress
has the constitutional power to interfere with slavery in
the States; but, admitting the want of power, they hold it


to be tneir duty, as individuals, to persevere in the cause.
Regarding the institution of slavery as morally wrong, or
sinful, if you please, they consider themselves, as citizens
of the Union, responsible for its continuance, wherever it
may exist within our borders. This feeling has its origin,
to some extent, in a misapprehension of the structure of
our Government, and this error the preceding resolutions
are calculated tb correct. They assert, in effect, that the
citizen of New Hampshire is no more responsible, morally
or politically, for the existence and continuance of this do-
mestic institution in Virginia or Maryland, than he would
be for the existence of any similar institutions in 'France
or Persia. Why ? Because these are matters over,- which
the States, respectively, when delegating a portion n of their
powers, to be exercised by the General Gove-nnient, re-
tained the sole and exclusive control, and for which they
are alone responsible.
Now, let these doctrines be universally understood and
admitted, and you take one great step toward satisfying the
consciences of honest, but misguided people, in one section
of the country, and quieting the irritation, for which there
has been too much cause, in the other. This we have at-
tempted to do. We are bound to go further, and frankly
to declare to these petitioners, that while slavery shall con-
tinue in Virginia and Maryland, it is vain for them to ex-
pect -its abolition here; that we are forbidden to legislate
upon this subject, under existing circumstances, by obliga-
tions hardly inferior to the Constitution itself; that Con-
gress cannot abolish -slavery in this District, against the
wishes of the inhabitants, without a gross breach of public
faith and an outrageous infraction of private rights.
At the time the cession was made, domestic slavery ex-
isted in the States of Maryland and Virginia: it still exists
there; and it has, also, existed here from that day to this.
Now, how is it possible to mistake what must have been
the understanding of both parties at the time ? No man,
it strikes me, can doubt for a moment, who will regard,
Without prejudice, the relative position of this ten miles
square," the objects of the cession, and the manifest inter-
ests of the States making it. Who can believe that these
patriotic States would have parted with their territory, if
they could have supposed that the rights and property of
their citizens, living upon it, were to be invaded, against
their consent and in defiance of their remonstrances? I
have no hesitation in saying that I consider slavery a so-
cial and political evil, and most sincerely wish that it had
no existence upon the face of the earth; but it is perfectly
immaterial how it is regarded, either by you or myself; it is
-nr t irA r f- A- # ;--I. -I 1 .


%an7odisresrea equal justice and of equal rights and p
privileges. An et, because the States have generously I
ceded their territory to you for certain purposes, you pro- I
pose to do this very thing, and thus requite their confidence t
*'their spirit of accommodation, by opening a common c
refuge for their runaway slaves. I will only add, upon this
point, that the abolitionist would do well to pause in the (
midst of his zeal, and inquire calmly and dispassionately, v
whether, in fact, any thing more than a nominal advan- 1
tage would be gained by the abolition of slavery in this I
District, and whether even this would not be acquired at (
a serious sacrifice. It is admitted that domestic slavery
exists here in its mildest form. That part of the popula- i
tion are bound together by friendship and the nearer rela- a
tions of life. They are attached to the families in which s
they have lived from childhood. They are comfortably
provided for, and apparently contented. Now, let a bill
for the abolition of slavery in the District pass either t
House of Congress, and what would take place here ?
Why, before it could possibly become a law, all these ties
would be violently sundered ; every slave in the District
would be removed beyond its limits; their present com-
paratively easy condition changed, it is probable, for one of
greater rigor; and with all this accomplished, you would
not have made the slightest progress in diminishing the
aggregate amount of slavery in the United States.
Mr. President, yielding to my inclination, I would
here take leave of this irritating subject, now and forever;
but the manner in which it appears to be connecting itself
with other topics renders it proper, in my judgment, to
add a few remarks.
.When, it is often asked, is this agitation, in Congress
and out of it, to cease? Where is it to terminate, and
with what results These are questions which, three
years since, would not have cost me one moment's uneasi-
ness. I thought the apprehensions of Southern gentle-
men, to a great extent, had their origin in a morbid sensi-
bility upon this subject. Still, mindful of their interests
and peculiar relations, I appreciated their feelings, and
deeply regretted the cause of irritation. And now these
questions would create little interest, certainly excite no
alarm, in my mind, if agitators upon the subject were only
to be found in the circle of avowed abolitionists. With re-
gard to the State which I have the honor, in part, to re-
present, I am perfectly satisfied, as well from my own ob-
servation as from the expression of the Legislature during
the last winter, that public sentiment can hardly be said
to be divided upon this subject. But here, sir, I feel
bound to admit that there are indications in New England
which cannot and ought not to be overlooked. The as-
pect of things in this respect has undergone some change,
and I fear the elements of still greater change are in active
operation. I do not mean to say that the abolitionists
proper are gaining strength rapidly ; but what I do mean
to say is, that they are finding allies in the cause of agi-
tation in the political press. Sir, if politics are to be min-
gled with this subject, let it be known; it cannot be pro-
claimed too soon. I have been taught that the way to over-
come difficulties and threatening dangers is to meet them
on the advance, not to await their approach; and, although
I would create no unnecessary alarm, I assure the mover
of these resolutions that he shall not find me standing
tamely by, or attempting to lull others into false security
by the cry all's well," when I believe there is danger-
when I know there is an enemy in motion professing and
claiming to be influenced by considerations and governed
by motives above and beyond the Constitution and laws
of my country, and that enemy likely to be sustained by
an alliance with party politics. No, sir, we have no con-
cealments upon this subject. All we demand is, that since
we are to be the first to feel the effects of abolition ascen-
dency at home, should it ever be acquired (which, by the
way, I by no means anticipate,) we may meet the question
unembarrassed, and not be driven by any course here upon
a collateral issue, such as the right of petition, or any other.
The force of this suggestion will be more fully apprehend-
-ed after the remarks which I am about to make.
It is not to be disguised that, from an insignificant be-
ginning, and with comparatively few, even now, who hold
what are generally considered abolition sentiments, this
subject is assuming n aspect of fearful interest and mo-
mentous consequence. The Senator from Alabama on
my left, (Mr. KING,) in my judgment, pointed, at an early
day of the session, to the true cause ofalarm, if any exist.
It was this: that religious fanaticism no longer moves
alone in this matter; that the misguided enthusiast has
joined hands with the designing politician. Sir, I refer to
it with reluctance. I have no party purpose to answer.
I should be unworthy of a seat here, and unworthy of the
confidence that has been reposed in me by an honest, in-
telligent, and patriotic people, if I could indulge any thing
like partisan feelings on an occasion like this. No, sir.
No, sir. I be ve tbia QuestADn may, and I believe it i.I he
~vettit-t u oujec mat is, to guard against it; to
preserve inviolate the public faith-and the provisions of the
Constitution under which we have so long lived in pros-
perity.
; The abolitionists, it is well known, long since avowed
their determination to make this the test question in elec-
tions, and I have seen, with profound regret, that in one
State at least some of the prominent individuals of both
parties have submitted to their catechisms. Let those
. who doubt that the politicians in Connecticut and New
Hampshire are making use of abolition for pirty purposes,
with a view to the approaching elections, notice the tone of
the political newspapers there within the last three or four
weeks. It is true they do not avow abolition doctrines,
but they make upan issue not warranted by the state of
facts, and that issue happens to be the same upon which
the abolitionists are waging their war. They allege that
to receive and lay upon the table, without reading or print-
ing, is equivalent to the rejection of petitions. Why
should not that course be taken with them Has there
not already been sufficient agitation in Congress and out of
it ? Has not time enough been wasted ? The same peti-
tions, in substance, have been presented year after year
and session after session. During the- last session they
-were made the subject of special reference and report.
Their contents are familiar as household words. The mind


of every member is definitively made up upon the question
they involve. Argument has been exhausted again and
again. And what is now demanded ? Why, not only that
. you shall receive petitions, but that you shall take a parti-
cular course with them, which is in accordance with the
views of these gentlemen, who, not satisfied with the exer-
cise of their own rights, assume the prerogative of sitting
in judgment, and determining what are your duties.
The coincidence upon this point between one portion of
the political press in New England and the abolition press
proper, just at present, is truly remarkable: the same senti-
ments, the same arguments, the same opprobrious epithets
applied to the members of both Houses of Congress from
that section of the Union, who oppose any action upon
this subject. For instance, the delegation in the other
House from the State which I have the honor, in part, to
Represent here, are charged by the abolition press with
having denied the right of petition, and the same thing is
reiterated by the political press, in the face ot their votes
vppon the direct question during the present session. It is
notorious that the question of receiving petitions upon this
s subject has been taken in both Houses, and decided affir-
mnatively by overwhelming majorities; and yet there is a
persevering and systematic attempt on the part of the po-
litical as well as the abolition press to give the impression
that the right of petition is denied. I have already detain-
e d the Senate longer than I intended, and will not pursue
the subject further than to add, that he has turned over
the pages of history to little purpose, who would not regard
vith unqualified horror the connexion of religious bigotry
with political power, and to warn gentlemen on all sides
to frown on the first manifestation of a disposition to con-
n ect the politics of the day with that spirit of fanaticism
which, under the pretence of promoting the cause of civil
li berty, would trample in the dust our glorious Constitution,
adopted in a spirit of compromise and concession, and in
tl ie exercise of that spirit alone to be maintained.
[After some further debate, which will be given here-
after-]
Mr. CLAY, of Kentucky, rose to say a few
words. He said that he could vote for neither the fifth nor
saxth resolution', in the shapein which they were presented
by the Senator from South Carolina. Although he had risen
to state his objections particularly to the fifth, nowthat he
was up, he would make some general observations on the
whole subject of the series of resolutions.
I have voted, (continued Mr. C.) without hesitation, for
the first resolutions offered by that Senator, after they
were modified or amended, not from any confidence which


proper to carry into effect the delegated powers, its plo i- c
bitions ? What, in short, is the sum of its whole power t
have always understood, according to historical fact, th at
he Constitution was-framed by a Convention, compos d t
of delegates appointed by the Legislatures of the sever al
States; and that after it was adopted, it was submitted tot
Conventions of Delegates, chosen by the People of the s e-
veral States, each acting separately by and for itself; anxl,
)eing ratified by the Conventions ofa sufficient number, it
becamee the Constitution of the United States, or, in its
)wn language, of the People of the United States.
The series of resolutions under consideration has been
introduced by the Senator from South Carolina, after he
and other Senators from the South had deprecated discu-s-
sion on the delicate subject to which they relate. They
have occasioned much discussion, in which hitherto I hae
not participated. I hope that the tendency of the resoli-
ions may be to allay the excitement which unhappily pre- c
vails, in respect to the abolition of slavery ; but I confess,
Mr. President, that, taken altogether, and in connexion
with other circumstances, and especially considering tite
manner in which their author has pressed them on tlhe
Senate, I fear that they will have the opposite effect; and
particularly at the North, that they may increase and exa$-
perate, instead of diminishing and assuaging the existing f
irritation. I apprehend that they will only serve to fur-
nish new texts for fresh commentary and further divisions.
And I cannot but regard the unnecessary combination 6f
the subject of abolition with that alien and the most et-
citing of all subjects at the present period, the annexation
of Texas to the United States, in the same series of reso-
lutions, as peculiarly unfortunate. I know that Texas is
not specially mentioned in the last resolution, but the courn-
try will understand the intention and allusion of the reso-
lution as distinctly as if it had been expressly designated.
It cannot be forgotten that, immediately after the tidisgs)f l
the memorable battle of San Jacinto reached this city, the
Senator from South Carolina (Mr. CALHOUN) expressed in
the Senate his opinion that the independence of Texhs
ought immediately to be recognized, and his wish that,
before the adjournment of Congress, it should be an-
nexed to the United States. A resolution now lies upon
the table of the Senate, introduced by the other Senator
from South Carolina, (Mr. PRESTON,) proposing a contin-
gent annexation of it to the United States. When these
facts are borne in mind, will not all understand the last
resolution, although abstract in form, as intended to cor-
mit the Senate, in advance, to the annexation? Our pur-
pose, our anxious aim, should be to compose the North,
to arrest the progress of the spirit of abolition, and to gi*e
strength and confidence to the numerous friends of the
Union in that quarter. Is it then wise and discreet to
blend these two unhappy causes of agitation together?
Had we not better keep them separate and distinct, and act
on the prudent maxim that sufficient for the day is the
evil thereof?
The Senator from South Carolina has offered his reso-
lutions, he tells us, to revive and rally the State rights par-
ty. But I cannot think that the slaveholding States ought
to consent to place their peculiar interests in the exclusive
safe-keeping of any one party, however correct some of us
may believe its principles to be. Are not the clear, un-
doubted, acknowledged guaranties of the Constitution of
those interests far above and superior to any security which
can be derived from the particular tenets of any party ?
Parties rise up and go down, but the Constitution remains
a perpetual and sure bulwark against all attacks upon the
rights of the slaveholding States, from whatever quarter
they may proceed. No, sir, do not let us put our trust in
any party exclusively ; let us invoke the united guardian-
ship of all-the Whigs, the Democratic party, the Repub-
lican party, the Jackson Van Buren party, the Federal
party, the Union party, the Nullifiers, and the Locofocos-
all, in preserving the inviolability of the Constitution, and
protecting against every encroachment delicate and mo-
mentous interests, which cannot be seriously touched with-
out endangering the stability of our entire political fabric.
We want in the slaveholding States nothing done hr:
to stimulate our vigilance, or to unite us upon, the snbj
of our present deliberations. We may differ there in
degree of sensibility which we display ; but we are
firmly and unanimously resolved to defend and main', 1 i
our rights at all hazards. And, should the hour of ti
ever come, those who appear now the least agitated.
t
not be behind those who are foremost and loudest in I
claiming the existence of danger. The object of the S -
ate should be to allay excitement, quiet the public mi
and check the progress of the spirit of alblition at t
North; and, above all, to strengthen the well-disposed, a
to give no advantage to agitators. It was with that vie
have inquired of Northern Senators, charged with the pr
sentation of abolition petitions, whether the spirit of abo
Ujtionisi ^ ..,-,,. L --+ so, wh4 the it-
cause was the impression w'tiTF ihe aboliTiontsts ha; been
able to make on the Northern mind, that the constitutional
right of petition was denied them by the two Houses of
Congress. This statement is corroborated and confirmed
by information which has reached me through a variety o
channels. Many who are not abolitionists are induced tol
join them, because they believe the right of petition hast
been practically denied. On this subject, allow me to read
an extract from a letter (the perusal of the whole letter is'
at the service of any Senator) which I have lately receiv-:
ed, addressed to me by a highly intelligent and patriotic
gentleman in Rhode Island. [Here Mr. CLAY read the
following extract:
I have been so much gratified with your remarks in rela-
tion to the cause of the increase of the abolitionists in the
North, that 1 thought it might do some good, and at least re-
lieve my own mind, if Istated to you what we think on the sub-
ject here. There is no doubt but that the abolitionists are re-
cruiting here by the artful mode in which they turn to their ac-
count the spirit or sensitiveness manifested by the Southern
members on the subject of slavery, and they are encouraged,
also, to greater efforts, because they think they see in all this a
proof that the work of agitation is thus begun in the South, and
that tile leaven will work until the whole lump is leavened. If
the petitions for the abolition of slavery in the District of Co-
lumbia had been duly received and considered as other petitions
would have been, I have no doubt this agitating subject, if not
put entirely at rest, at least would not now have been so con-
nected with the sacred right of petition as to enable it to pro-


duce the effect it now does amongst us.
"At our last election for members of Congress, letters were
sent from the Secretary of the anti-slavery society to each of
the candidates, requiring of them a communication of their
sentiments on the right of Congress to abolish slavery in the
District of Columbia, and the right of petition to Congress on
this subject. Each candidate answered (except one) in such a
way as that he might have consistently received the votes of the
abolitionists. If the simple question had been upon the expe-
diency of abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia, these
gentlemen would probably have all answered in the negative.
You see, therefore, how this question is brought to bear on the
People, and through them on the members of Congress, and
we who feel opposed to the whole of-this anti-slavery machine-
ry find ourselves deprived of the power of doing any thing ef-
fectively by the impolitic zeal ofSouthern gentlemen. Tothem,
therefore, I would appeal, (unless, in truth, they are desirous
of abandoning the Union,) that they would so let their modera-
tion be known unto all men that the fanatics of the North (as
they choose to call them) may be put in the wrong before the
whole People, so that their own friends here may have some
ground to stand upon.
I look forward with great apprehension to the time when
the North and the South shall be unanimously divided with
that zeal which may urge each to action on the subject of slave-
ry. The Union will not only then be dissolved but the People
on both sides so exasperated that a furious fanatical anti-slavery
and pro-slavery war will be inevitable. Men enough will be
found to seek to ride upon the whirlwind and direct the storm in
the North as well as the South, and the Union and the spirit of
republicanism will expire together amidstthroesand convulsions,
which will cover our now beautiful land with desolation. Does the
chivalry of the South desire to point its lance at the breasts of
the Northern fanatics'? When was chivalry a match for fanati-
cism 1 Let the Crusades-let the success ofCromwell answer.
When men already begin to court death in the cause of anti-
slavery as giving them the crown of martrydom, (I allude to
Lovejoy, and we understand that another has already offered
himself to share the same fate,) what may we not expect when
patriotism shall arm in such a cause, and it shall become iden-
tified not merely with the liberty of the African, but our own
liberty and prosperity And is it not well to look around us be-
fore we urge each other to this dread precipice ? If there is
nothing due to those men at the North who are lighting up this
flame, is there nothing due to those who are endeavoring or are
desirous to extinguish it?. Is there nothing--'--*o our common
country-to the civilized wLrld, that this light among the na-
tions should not be extinguished, and extinguished in blood ?
Mr. Calhoun is reported as having spoken with contempt of
the idea of arguing this question with the abolitionists by
means of a report from a committee.' I ask him not so to argue
with them. but I ask him so to i p'iue with those wiho are not alreartv


currentt of the passions, and prevent our nation from running
he course which has hitherto marked the destiny of nations.'
May they 'moderate the fury of party spirit, and guard against
he impostures of pretended patriotism.'
"I have taken the liberty of writing you, current calamo,
his long letter; my object is my best apology; we are bound
together by a co:nmon interest, and whilst so much is doing to
alienate us from each other, shall no voice be heard preaching
peace, union, and concord?"]
I could not offer you, sir, any argument so good as that
vhich is so feelingly and eloquently enforced in the extract
which I have just read. It is well known to the Senate
hat I have constantly entertained the opinion that the best
vay to check the spirit of abolition was to receive respect-
ully, and refer these petitions to the proper committee.
That would be the Committee for the District of Column-
ia ; one now, and which probably has been, ever since tihe
commencementt of the Government, so constituted as to
comprise a majority of members from the slaveholding
States. If they were thus referred, silently referred, as has
been the practice during a great part of the period of the
existence of the Government, there would be no agitation
bmented here, no ground for asserting that the sacred right
of petition had been violated.
The People may attempt to exercise that right in three dif-
'erent descriptions of cases : 1st. In instances where Con-
gress manifestly does not possess the constitutional power to
grant the relief prayed for. In these, the petition may be
ejected instantly, without reference and without debate,
and no just cause of complaint would exist. 2d. In cases
where the constitutional power, the exercise of which is in-
voked, is controverted, doubtful or uncertain. In these, a
referencee of the petition may be necessary to examine into
he existence of the power, as well as into the expediency
)f exercising it. Of this controverted nature is the legis-
ative power of Congress in this District. No one would
:ontend that a petition to establish a Bank of the United
States should be instantly rejected, without debate and
without reference, upon the sole ground that a large por-
ion of the Senate should think it unconstitutional. Other
examples of contested powers may be easily conceived.
And 3d. In cases where the power is incontestably posses-
sed by Congress to grant the redress prayed for. In the
;wo last descriptions of cases, I think that Congress is
bound attentively to receive the petitions, and respectfully
:o dispose of them. A Government which, like ours, is
the Government of the People, should be parentally admi-
nistered, so as not only to do right, but, as far as possible,
;o give general satisfaction.
It has been argued that, when a petition is once put in
the possession of the Senate, the right of petitioning has
been practically enjoyed ; and that the Senate may reject
it instantly, refer it, lay it upon the table, or dispose of it
as may be thought proper. Undoubtedly this is true; but
in the great business of human life, public and private, the
manner in which it is transacted is often as important,
sometimes more important, than what is done or refused.
And a wise Government should be particularly careful not
;o wound or inflame popular sensibility on subjects respect-
.ng which large masses choose to exercise the constitution-
al right of petition. The course which the Senate has pur-
sued, in regard to these abolition petitions,- for about two
years past, is this : a Senator states from his place that he
s charged with the presentation of one of them, and moves
that it be received. Another Senator thereupon rises, and
moves that the motion to receive the petition be laid upon
:he table; and the Senate accordingly orders the motion to
receive the petition to be laid upon the table; and thus the
petition is not received in a parliamentary sense. The
Senate does not decide the question of its reception.
This course I have always thought unfortunate. It is
unsatisfactory. The petitioners feel that they have been
neglected, and they allege that the right of petition has
been denied. But it has been contended that these peti-
.ioners are mad and reckless fanatics, and it has been in-
lignantly asked whether they merit respectful treatment.
Mr. President, my observation and experience in life have
.aught me, that when we are addressed or assailed, our
conduct should not be regulated by the harsh, vituperative,
or fanatical language, or the condition, whatever it may
be, of those who approach us, but by the standard of our
)wn respectability, standing, and character in life. And,
n regard to these petitions, the question should not be so
nuch what do the petitioners deserve, as what is due from
he calm, elevated, dignified, august character of the Se-
nate of the United States? These petitioners, misguided
is they are, and highly mischievous as I believe the ten-
lency of their proceedings to be, are a part of the people of
the United States and our constituents. Shall we allow
ourselves to be rash, to be moved by anger, or transported
by rage, because fanatics, as they are called, or thoughtless
nen and women, present petitions tp accomplish an object
which, if seri usly entertId.5B fiJ.-lyg-''' :
r. .
The miod of disposing of these petitions which the Se-
nate has lately pursued has certainly not produced the
tranquillizing effect so anxiously desired. It has, on the
contrary, aggravated, and I fear will continue to aggravate,
the disease. The abolitionists have not diminished, but
increased, and increased, as the most satisfactory informa-
tion assures us, because they have been able to persuade
many that the right of petition is invaded and has been de-
nied. And many who are not abolitionists now unite with
them to assert and maintain the right of petition. It is to
be seriously apprehended that co-operation for one purpose
may ultimately lead to co-operation for other purposes, not
within the original contemplation of the parties. If the
Senate, by persisting in its recent course, enable the aboli-
tionists to derive succor from new allies; and if we should
also unhappily place in their hands an additional instru-
ment, by unnecessarily coupling the annexation of Texas
with the subject of abolition in the same series of resolu-
tions, then indeed there will be too much reason to appre-
hend that the North, at no distant day, will be united as
one man.
It appears to me, sir, that ;what becomes us is to keep
the abolitionists separate and distinct from all other classes,
standing out in bold and prominent relief; and the subject
of abolition separate and distinct from the right of petition,
from Texas, and from all other subjects; let them stand
alone, unmixed with the rest of the community, without


the general sympathy, and exposed to the overwhelming
force of the united opinion of all who desire the peace, the
harmony, and the union of this Confederacy. I would re-
ceive, respectfully receive, their petitions, refer them, and
occasionally present calm, dispassionate, and argumenta-
tive reports against them. This is the manner in which
petitions for abolition were received in the first Congress,
upon the recommendation of Mr. Madison; and that in
which they were ever afterwards received, until the prac-
tice was changed about two years ago. What is there in
the mere fact of the reception of a petition to create alarm ?
Or in its subsequent reference, especially to a committee
known to be hostile to its object ?
But it is said that these fanatics are beyond the reach of
any argument; and it is triumphantly asked, Will you
condescend to argue with such deluded persons ? Yes I
say, yes. To preserve these admirable institutions of ours
and this glorious Union from the possibility of all danger,
I would argue with any one, with lunatics themselves, in
their lucid intervals, and argue again and again. It is not,
however, to recall alone the abJlitioniststo a sense of peace
and duty, that these appeals to the reason, the judgment,
and the patriotism of the country should be sent forth from
these halls. They would address themselves, with power-
ful effect, to all that, vastly the largest, portion of the
Northern community who are uninfected by abolitionism.
When has Congress unsuccessfully appealed to tie intelli-
gence, the patriotism, and the valor of the American Peo-
ple ? In such a cause we should never tire nor despair.
Mr. President, I have no apprehension, not the smallest,
for the safety of the Union, from any state of things which
now exists. I will not answer for consequences which may
ensue from harsh and opprobrious language, and from in-
discretion and rashness on the part of individuals or of
Congress, here or elsewhere. We allow ourselves to speak
too frequently, and with too much levity, of a separation of
this Union. It is a terrible word, to which our ears should
not be familiarized. I desire to see in continued safety and
prosperity this Union, and no other Union. I go for this
Union as it is, one and indivisible, without diminution. I
will neither voluntarily leave it, nor be driven out of it by
force. Here, in my place, I shall contend for all the rights
of the State which has sent me here. I shall contend for
them with undoubting confidence, and in all the security
which the Union confers, under all the high sanction which
tde guaranties of the Constitution afford, and with the per-
fect conviction that they are safer in the Union than they
would be outof theUnion. I am opposed to all separate con-
federacies and to all sectional conventions. No state of actual


am will rush to battle, as she always has done, -with her
accustomed ardor, and with gallantry unsurpassed by that
of any other Stale. And those States and their citizens
will be found to sustain these rights with most vigor and
success, who, unmoved by false alarms or imaginary or ag-
gravated dangers, with a firm and fixed purpose of soul,
stand prepared, in every real exigency, to vindicate them
at every extremity.
Having, Mr. President, said so much on the general
subject, with the permission of the Senate, I will read cer-
tain resolutions which I have prepared, embracing the
whole ground occupied by any of the petitions in respect to
domestic slavery in the United States. They are the fol-
lowing :
Resolved, That tile institution of dotnestic slavery, as now
existing in many of tie States of this Confederacy, is subject to
the exclusive power and contr ol of those States respectively ;
and that no other State, nor the People of any other State, nor
Congress, possess, or can rightfully exercise, any power or au-
thority whatever to interfere in any manner therewith.
Resolved, That, if any citizens of the United States, regard-
less of the spirit of peace, harmony, and union which should
ever animate tile various members of the Confederacy, and
their respective citizens, shall present to the Senate any peti-
tions touching the abolition of slavery in any of the States in
which it exists, all such petitions shall be instantly rejected,
without debate, and without further or other proceedings there-
on, as relating to an object palpably beyond the scope of the
constitutional power of Congress.
Resolved, That, when the District of Columbia was ceded
by the States of Virginia and Maryland to tie United States, do-
mestic slavery existed in both of those States, including the
ceded territory; and that, as it still continues in both of them,
it could not be abolished, within the District, without a violation
of that good faith which was implied in the cession, and in the
acceptance of the territory, nor, unless compensation were made
to the proprietors of slaves, without a manifest infringement of
an amendment to tile Constitution of the United States, nor with-.
out exciting a degree of just alarm and apprehension in the
States recognizing slavery, far transcending, in mischievous ten-
dency, any possible benefit which could be accomplished by the
abolition.
Resolved, therefore, That it is the deliberate judgment of the
Senate, that the institution of domestic slavery ought not to be
abolished within the District ofColumbia ; and it earnestly hopes
that all sincere friends of the Union and of harmony and
general tranquillity will cease to agitate this disturbing ques-
tion. But the Senate feels itself, at the same time, constrained,
from a high sense ofduty in respect to.the constitutional right
of petition, to declare that it holds itself bound to receive and re-
spectfully to treat any petitions, couched in decorous language,
which may be presented by citizens of the United States, touch-
ing slavery within the District of Columbia.
Resolved, therefore, That, upon the presentation of any such
petitions, they shall be received, and referred to the appropri-
ate committee.
Resolved, That it would be highly inexpedient to abolish
slavery in Florida, the only Territory of the United States in
which it now exists, because of the serious alarm and just ap-
prehensions which would be thereby excited in the States sus-
taining that domestic institution; because the people of that
Territory have not asked it to be done, and, when admitted as a
State into the Union, will be exclusively entitled to decide that
question for themselves ; and, also, because it would be in viola-
tion of i solemn compromise, made at a memorable anrd critical
period in the history of this country; by which, while slavery
was prohibited north, it was admitted south of the line of thirty-
six degrees and thirty minutes north latitude.
Resolved, That no power is delegated, by the Constitution,
to Congress, to prohibit, in or between the States tolerating
slavery, tihe sale and removal of such persons as are held in
slavery by the laws of those States.
Resolved, Tlat, whilst the Senate, with painful regret, has
seen the perseverance of certain citizens of the United States
in the agitation of the abolition of domestic slavery, thereby
creating distrust and discontent and dissatisfaction among the
people of the United States, who should ever cherish towards
each other fraternal sentiments, it beholds, with the deepest
satisfaction, every where prevailing an unconquerable attach-
ment to the Union, as the sure bulwark of the safety, liberty,
and happiness of the people of thie United States.
There is nothing abstract or metaphysical in them.
They relate to the abolition of slavery in the States, in the
District of Columbia, and in Florida, the only Territory of
the U. States where it exists, and to the sale and removal
of slaves in the States whose laws recognize the institution
of slavery. They cover the whole field, and nothing but
the field. They have no ulterior views. They approach
the subject in hand, directly, without the necessity of any
interpretation. They do not seek to renovate any party,
nor to place the high interests to which they relate in the
exclusive custody of any one party. Resting upon, and
sustained by, the Constitution, they appeal to the sound
discretion, the sober judgment, and the patriotism of all
parties. I may not ask the sense of the Senate to be ex-
pressed upon each of them; but I shall offer that relating
to the Disrict of Cmlhia anpdtatti e Terxrib,.of.
*^,--' .. ttiS t*s ,unun c
by the Senator from South Carolina. I think the charge
upon the petitioners of intermeddling with abolition in
this District is harsh, and that some less offensive word
should be .used. The District of Columbia is the seat ol
the common Government of the United States. It was
ceded for that express purpose. Each State has as much
interest in it, and as much right to petition about any
thing within it, as any other State, and no more. Noi
can I concur with the resolution, in declaring that the
abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia would be
a direct and dangerous attack upon the institution of sla-
very in the States. I am prepared to say that it would ex-
cite "a degree of just alarln and apprehension in the
States recognizing slavery, far transcending, in mischie-
:' vous tendency, any possible benefit which could be ac-
complished by the abolition," or to use any other equi-
valent language. We can no more say that the abolition
of slavery in this District would be a direct attack upon
the institution in the States, than we could assert, if any
one of the slaveholding States were to abolish slavery
within its own limits, that would be a direct attack on the
institution in other slaveholding States. Or, that Great
Britain, by abolishing slavery in her West India posses-
sions, made a direct attack upon it in the United States.
Nor is the case at all altered by the motives, whatever
they may be, which shall be avowed for abolition. In
conclusion, I move the third resolution of the series which
I have suggested, as an amendment to the fifth resolution
proposed by the Senator from South Carolina.


Mr. CALHOUN followed. He said he felt
some inducement to persevere in the course he had hereto-
fore pursued, by now seeing the concessions which were
proposed by the resolutions just read by the Senator from
Kentucky. Mr. C. now saw it conceded, that where the
subject was clearly unconstitutional, the Senate was not
bound to receive a petition. At first, the broad ground
was taken that the right of petition was so sacred that any
refusal to receive a petition, no matter on what subject, and
no matter how objectionable its language, would be an in-
vasion of it. Now it was conceded that they were not
bound to receive a petition when the subject of it was
clearly unconstitutional. Now, as to the amendment of-
fered by the Senator from Kentucky to the fifth resolution.
He would state, in general terms, what was the great cha-
racteristic difference between them. The Senator went on
the principle that concession was the way to meet these
abolitionists. He, on the other hand, went on the ground
that we have no safety but in standing fast on our
rights. What was the tate of the question? The abo-
litionists tell you, in so many words, that their object is to
abolish slavery in the District of Columbia as but one step
towards final abolition in the States. With this object,
avowed by the abolitionists, what do duty and policy de-
mand on our part ? We see the end; and that, if it can
be effected, it would be our destruction. Shall we yield,
or stand fast ? That is the question. If we yield an inch,
we are gone. The very ground on which we are asked
to make the first concession will be urged on us with equal
force to make the second, the third, and every intermediate
one till the last is consummated. The first is to yield the
right of petition, and to discuss the subject with the aboli-
tionists, in order to appease them, and to stop agitation.
This the Senator from Kentucky (Mr. CLAY) urges on us,
which he tells us would have a happy effect in quieting the
public feeling. Does he not see that, if we should have
the folly to make this concession, we will be next urged to
yield to the abolition of slavery in this District on the very
same ground ? We will be told that there are but 2,000
slaves in the District, and if we yield to so small a request,
all will be quiet. If that be conceded, we will be next
told, we must yield to the abolition in the Territories, and
then to the abolition of what they call the slave trade be-
tween the States, and, finally, to abolition in the States.
At every step they would become stronger, and we weaker,
if we should be so infatuated as to make the first conces-


ology, he would not agree, under any circumstance, to sur-
render the principles on which they were drawn.
The Senator says we set out together, both agreeing on
the Kentucky resolutions. He says there was a separa-
tion when I avowed, at the extra session, the opinion that
a Bank of the United States is unconstitutional. But, if I
changed then, it follows that he has changed also; I, from
a bank to a no hank man, and he, from a no bank man to
a bank man. These topics have nothing to do with the
subject; but since he has mentioned my consistency on a
bank, he brings me to the inquiry as to my consistency.
As far back as 1815, I gave my support to the bank. The
Government had received its notes as money, and I rested
on that fact, and on the inference that if the Government
might receive its notes as money, it was bound to regulate
it. And what is the difference in me now and then?
Then the connexion between the Government and the
bank existed; now it does not; that is the whole amount
of the difference. Four years ago, I announced my distrust
of the whole banking system. I trust my political life has
been considerably consistent, when this is the only point
alleged against me.
Sir, I regret that we disagree; but if, seeing danger to
the Union, I give warning of it, am I, therefore, against
the Union? It is the duty of the sentinel to give warning
of danger; accordingly, I say I believe there is danger;
and I ask whether this shows a spirit of enmity? Sir,
no Senator can be more deeply, enthusiastically devoted
to our institutions ; and Ishow my attachment when I be-
lieve there is danger, by announcing it. It is the only
mode in which I can show it, and no denunciation shall
deter me.
Mr. CLAY. The Senator himself was the
first to speak of a radical difference between him and me
on all subjects. We set out in life together; but in his
opinion the Bank of the United States cut asunder the last
chain between us. We were together in '98, and since
then we have taken long voyages; but whither did the
principles of '98 carry him ? into what port ? They car-
ried me into the port in which I always anchor-the port
of the Union-the whole Union-without the separation
from it of any member.
The Senator chose to repeat what is no novelty, but has
been often suggested on this floor, that I have changed my
opinion as to a Bank of the United States.
[Mr. CALHOUN. I accused him of no change.]
But I have changed, resumed Mr. CLAY; and I have
changed with the country. I opposed the old Bank of the
U. States, on the want of constitutional power, and on other
grounds. But the war came, then a suspension of specie
payments, and a derangement of the currency; and the
whole country cried out for a Bank of the United States.
If the country had been adverse to a bank in 1816, it could
not have been established. If I am taunted with such a
change, I thank God it is the only point of national policy
which, in the whole of my public life, I have changed.
In 1815-16 the constitutional power to establish a bank
was admitted. We were then in habits of the great-
est intimacy. I was then Speaker of the House, and he
at the head of the committee out of which the bank grew.
Never then did I hear from him a sentiment adverse to the
power of the Government to establish a bank; and when,
afterwards, in company with a gentleman from Virginia, I
heard it for the first time, mutual surprise was expressed
and felt.
Mr. CALHOUN. The Senator draws a
feeble inference from the events of 1816. He appears ig-
norant that in 1834 I made the strongest declaration I
could on the subject of the banking system. It stands on
record, and no man can deny that I was then opposed to
the banking/system.
Mr. CLAY said he would not controvert the gentleman,
but he had not heard him.
The Senate then adjourned.

In Montgomery County Court-November Term,
1837.
N the matter of the petition of John F. Soper and Sarah his
wife, fur the division of the real estate whereof Uriah Lay-
ton died seized, the Commissioners heretofore appointed
for the purpose of making.division of said estate having made
return that .the same is capable of division into two parts, and
having divided the same into two parts, according to the
plat filed with the said return, and the said return having been
confirmed by the said Court: It is, therefore, this 20th day of
December, 1837, ordered by the said Court that notice be giv-
en to James Layton, Perry Layton, Reuben Ward, and Otho
Ward, parties entitled to said estate, and who are absent out of
the State of Maryland, by causing a copy of this order to be pub-
lished for at least four successive weeks before the day herein-
after mentioned, in some newspaper published in the city o(
Washington, that-14Jirst Md1*-0 --r;
1 tion, according to the act of Assembly in such case made and
provided.'


A copy, teste:
jan 18-w4w


T. H. WILKINSON.
B. SELBY, Clerk.


SPLENDID CAPITALS.-

$30,000-$10,000.
14 DRAWN NUMBERS.
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of the Mechanical Benevolent Society of Nor-
folk.
Class No. 1, for 1838.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, Jan. 27, 1838:
GRAND SCHEME.
$30,000-$10,000-$6,000-$5,000,
$4,000-$3,000-$2,500--$2,120-82,000.
25 prizes of 1,000
20 do 500
20 do 400, &c.
Tickets $ 10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets, $120
Do do 25 half do 60
Do do 25 quarter do 30

$25,000 CAPITAL.
MARYLAND STATE LOTTERY.
Class No. 4, for 1838.
To be drawn at Baltimore, Jan. 31, 1838.
CAPITAL PRIZES.
$25,000-$8,000-$5,000-$3,500-$2,322
20 prizes of 2,000
20 do 500
20 do 400
20 do 200, &c.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 22 whole tickets $120
Do do 22 half do 60
Do do 22 quarter do 30

VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of Monongalia Academy.
Class No. 1, for 1838.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on the 3d Feb. 1838.
GRAND CAPITAL PRIZES.
$35,294-$ 11,764-$6,000--$5,000-$3,000,
$2,500-$2,361.
50 of $1,000! &c. &c.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets $130
Do do 25 half do 65
Do do 25 quarter do 32 50

VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of the town of Wheeling.
Class No. 1, for 1838.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Virginia, Saturday, Feb. 10, 1838.
SPLENDID SCHEME.
$30,000-$10,000-$6,000-$5,000-$4,000,
$2,500- $2,000--$1,7471.
25 prizes of 1,000.
25 do 500
28 do 300, &c.
Tickets $10-Halves $5- Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets, $130
Do. do 25 half do 65
Do. do 25 quarter do 32 50

STATE OF VIRGINIA,
RICHMOND ACADEMY LOTTERY.
Class No. 1, for 1838.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., on Saturday, Feb. 17, 1838.
MOST SPLENDID PRIZES.


1 prize of
1 do
1 do
1 do


-$40,000
- 10,000

,5000
5)000


II ~ FI YAk 1% 1~ 1 fl




-.~~$,~


POLITICS OF THE DAY.

SPEECHES
At the Dinner of Friends of HENRY CLAY at
New, York, on the 1lth of this month.


After the health of Mr. SEWARD was drank-
Mr. SEWARD rose and said he would frankly expre
the reasons why he was here. The committee of arrant
ments, with a delicacy which he could not but apprecial
had first consulted him to know whether it would be agree
able to him to meet the friends of HENRY CLAY on this c
casion. His first impulse was to decline the invitation, but I
motive was, that desiring always to be among the first to go ir
every contest of the Whigs, and the last to retreat, it was agre
able with his habits, also, to be ampng the last in the celebi
tion of its triumphs. Besides this merely personal motive,
could not but entertain an apprehension that this occasion, ho
ever properly its festivities should be conducted, might be r
garded at a distance as an effort to concert a premature expre
sion on the Presidential question. Such movements he h
deprecated in relation to a distinguished and cherished fello
citizen, the Senator from Massachusetts; and it was due to t
cause, that he should manifest equal consideration in regard
a supposed demonstration which might grow out of the preset
occasion, in favor of the illustrious statesman of the West. B
when he received the invitation of the committee, addressed
him as a native of this State, to join in a merited tribute to He
ry Clay, and when he remembered that that honored nai
-was associated with the origin and identified with the history
the Whig party, and when he felt, as he acknowledged, tl
there could not be at this festive board a citizen who entertai
ed for Mr. Clay more profound respect or devoted admirati
than he did, he could not doubt that it was his duty to be hei
I am happy, said Mr. S., to discover that the spirit of Hen
Clay animates this meeting and inspires his ardent friend
That spirit dictates the highest magnanimity towards all t
Whigs of this Union. In that spirit, then, I rise in ackno
ledgment of the call made upon me, and say, that I am to
received here as a representative of western New York--tt
portion of the State which has, in the gloomiest hour, uphe
the standard, and maintained the principles of the Whig cauI
and by its persevering patriotism has maintained the group
upon which w- have rallied in the recent elections. It min
be our misfortune that some would be content with the res
of the recent elections, but such is not the dictate of prudent
or patriotism. It is true that the unparalleled result of t
elections in this and other States called forth, and justify t
most enthusiastic rejoicing. But the victory is not yet-v:
tory! What citizen of New York can say that the victory
won, while the interest of this proud metropolis lies prostre
and bleeding under the wounds inflicted by a mad and unpri
cipled Administration? Victory! Who will boast a victc
while the Empire State remains crippled in her energies, she
of her glories, and awaiting, with fear and alarm, the consul
mation of the evils which have paralyzed her commerce, pr.
treated her manufactures, embarrassed her agriculture, and
rested and put back all her enterprise.
Let it, then, be remembered, that the battle is to be fougl
and that it is our pride, and by no means our misfortune, tl
we have honored and illustrious patriots to divide our prefix
ences and save our country-that we have yet, not only t
illustrious statesman of the West, in whose honor we are
sembled, but the hero whose valor and skill saved our Weste
frontier from the assaults of the enemy in the war of 1812,
ready honored by our suffrages on a former occasion, and t
great defender of the Constitution-the banner of either
whom is broad enough for our rally, our onset, and our victor
In the words of the latter distinguished citizen, we have o
Constitution, one Country, and one Destiny ; and in view of t
consideration, individual candidates sink into insignificant
This, said Mr. S. I say as a Whig of New York, and more e
specially as a Whig of Western New York; and, if any ha
doubts, "1 take the responsibility" to say that Western No
York, having her partialities as she may, and of right has, (
fers the consideration of this great question, and submits it
the National Convention of 1839.
Having said thus much for the cause, and the whole cau:
who shall gainsay me, who shall question my right, when I so
that my earliest recollection of the Whig cause is, that Hen
Clay was the most prominent name identified with it. TI
when the Whigs of the State of New York saw, in 1828, t
delusion which was coming over the country, they resolved
one and the same time, first to retrieve the error of the Peop
and, secondly, to atone for the injustice done to that eminent c.
zen. This resolution has not been forgotten by the Whigs
1828, and, if forgotten by them all, it remains fresh in my mr
mory. I have seen, it is true, the star of Henry Clay eclipsE
but it was only in that dark night of ten years' duration whi
has covered the whole country.
The night has ended,; the dawn of our national emancil
tion is upon us. A free, generous, and just People cani
have lost sight of their benefactors, I give you, Mr. Pre
pnt, the following sentiment :
't HENRY CLAY-A man associated with the origin, and ill,
S: ': tming the history of the Whig party of the United States.
award of its honor."

After the health of J. WATSON WEBB was
drank, in connexion with a compliment to his
long and persevering exertions in the Whig
cause-
Mr. WEBB said he could notbut feel highly honored by the
very flattering manner in which his name had been receiv-
ed by an assemblage of Whigs so devoted to the great cause
of the Constitution as that which he had the honor to ad-
iress. He was proud to know that his humble services,
in support of constitutional liberty, were so highly appre-
ciated; and although they were greatly overrated by the
kindness of the friends with whom he had so long acted in har-
mony and concert, he felt a consciousness that his motives had
always been pure, and that he had at all times pursued that
course which, in his judgment, was best calculated to promote
the triumph of those constitutional principles which it is the
aim of the Whig party to vindicate and establish.
I came here, said Mr. W., as the friend of Henry Clay-the
personal and political friend of Henry Clay-and there is not
one of all who are assembled around this festive board, who en-
tertains a more exalted opinion of that great champion of liber-
ty, or appreciates more highly than I do his distinguished ta-
lents,'his patriotism, and his devotion to our beloved country.
But there is another distinguished statesman, a co-laborer and
friend of Mr. Clay, to whom my devotion is equally ardent, and
who is richly entitled to the gratitude and confidence of every
Whig of our country. I allude to Daniel Webster, the distin-
guished star of the East, and the friend of him whose name we
are assembled to honor. On the occasion of the recent triumph
of our cause in this city, I hliad the proud satisfaction to be one
of a committee who conveyed that cheering intelligence to our
Whig brethren in Boston. I then saw Daniel Webster in old
Faneuil Hall-in that place, of all others, consecrated to the
principles which it is our pride to advocate; I saw him sur-
rounded by nearly ten thousand of his fellow-citizens, who are
not only as familiar as we are with his great public services,
but who are intimately acquainted with him in all his private re-


nations, and who esteem his private character even higher than
we estimate his public career. I saw him there, surrounded,
and all but idolized by those who knew him best, and with
whom his opinions have most weight ; and yet no sooner had
he proclaimed that he breathed freer" since hearing of the
regeneration of New York, than he portrayed to the assembled
multitude how joyfully, how enthusiastically the glad tidings
would be hailed by his friend and co-laborer-Henry Clay, of
Kentucky. 1 have heard him on a still more recent occasion in
thiU city, (I allude to the dinner given to the Hon. Messrs. Bell,
Graves, and Underwood,) publicly do honor to the virtues, the
talents, and the- patriotism of his friend ; and he who never
forgets his friends, and whose eminent services and distinguisih-
ed talents are admitted by every honest man in this widely ex-
tended country, should not be forgotten by Whigs, whenever
or wherever they assemble. I call upon you, therefore, Mr.
Chairman and fellow-citizens, to drink to him in connexion with
the great Western statesman whom we all delight to honor. I
propose
HENRY CLAY AND DANIEL WEBSTER-DANIEL WEBSTER
AND HENRY CLAY-The greatest among the great, and both
eminently entitled to the highest honors which a free People
can confer. [Nine cheers.]

In Chancery, December Term, 183 7.--Montgomery
County Court, sitting as a Court of Equity.
Horace Willson,
vs.
Baker Nicholson, James Nicholson, Elizabeth Nicholson, Pris-
cilla Nicholson, and George Nicholson.
THE bill states that Ann Nicholson was indebted to the
compiainant, Horace Wilson, on a single bill, in the sum
of five dollars, dated the fourth day of Jine, eighteen hundred
and thirty-three, to be paid on the fourteenth day of June,
eighteen hundred and thirty-three ; that no part of the said
money or interest has been paid as yet; that Ann Nicholson
died seized of considerable real estate, lying and being in
Montgomery county, and did not leave sufficient personal pro-
perty to pay her debts. That Ann Nicholson, at the time of her
death, left the following heirs at law, to wit: Baker Nicholson,
residing in Montgomery county ; James Nicholson, Elizabeth
Nirhnlqn. Prinscllo Nicosn.li .,i (,.^n,^.a T.:, ^I-


TWENTY-FIFTH CONGRESS.

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 17, 1838.

IN SENATE.
The details of the Senate proceedings are unavoidably
deferred. The day was, however, chiefly consumed in a
debate, which arose on the following resolution, offered by
Mr. WEBSTER :
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury be re-
quested to obtain information, and lay the same before the
Senate, with as little delay as possible, respecting any pay-
ments of pensions, by the late pension agent of Boston, or
of fishing bounties, recently made by the collector at Bos-
ton, in bills of the Commonwealth Bank of that city; and
the whole amount of such payments; and that he further
inform the Senate by what.authority or direction payment
of such pensions and bounties has been made in such tills;
and that he further inform the Senate whether any, and, if'
any, how much, of the public money of the United States
is in deposit at said bank ; and, if any of such money be
therein deposited, at what time or times such deposite.
were made.
The resolution was, in the end, adopted, with an addi-
tion, moved originally by Mr. NILES, of Connecticut, in
the following form :
"And that he further report to the Senate, whether the
late Bank of the United States has yet paid, or accounted
with the Government, the sum of one hundred and sixty
thousand dollars, fraudulently detained, on the pretence of
a claim of damages for the non-payment of the draft drawn
on the French Government, and also to report what loss
the United States have sustained by depositing the public
revenues in banks, or by receiving the notes of banks
which have failed, or their bills become depreciated."
The word ".fraudulently" in the resolution, was, on tho
remonstrance of Mr. BAYARD, and several other Senators,
changed by the mover to unjustly, which latter word was
then stricken out by the Senate. The amendment was
then agreed to, with the following further addition, made
at the request of Mr. WEBSTER :
And that the Secretary report on the first branch of
this resolution first, and on both as soon as practicable."
After this subject was disposed of, the Senate took up
the bill providing for the maintenance of our neutral obli-
gations on the inland frontier, which bill was amended as
moved by Mr. BUCHANAN yesterday, and was then ordered
to a third reading.


HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS.
S The SPEAKER laid before the House several Execu
tive communications, which he had not been able to present
yesterday, viz.
The SPEAKER laid before the House a letter from
the Secretary of the Navy, transmitting information called
for by the House on the 11th instant, relative to postag(
paid on letters to and from the Navy Department. Also,
F A letter from the Secretary of the Treasury, transmit
Sting information called for by the House at the extra ses
s sion, in relation to public defaulters. Also,
Letters from the Postmaster General in answer to th(
Scall on the 11th inst. in relation to the amount of express
Postage paid by the Post Office Department; the amoun
Sof postage on newspapers and pamphlets for six months
Sending June 30, 1837; an estimate of the sums necessary
o to be appropriated for the various branches of the service
of the Post Office Department for 1838. Also,
A report from the Commissioner of Patents, prepared
Sin obedience to the law promoting the progress of science
V and useful arts, showing the number of patents issued and
t which have expired in 1837, the amount of money receiv-
t ed at the Patent Office, &c. Also,
A message from the President of the United States
Transmitting a report from the Director of the Mint, show
f ing the operations of that institution during the year 1837
PENSIONS AT TUSCALOOSA, ALABAMA.
Mr. LAWLER, by consent, offered a joint resolution
Sof the Legislature of the State of Alabama, in relation t(
the payment of certain pensions at Tuscaloosa, in the
t State of Alabama, which, on his motion, was referred to a
select committee, to consist of three members.
REMOVING THE RAFT IN RED RIVER.
By consent, the Senate bil!, making an appropriation for
Sthe removal of the great raft from Red river was, on mo
ti.--ir ----^itryd..ek-ap, renacr NW-u)j, ana rerere'u bo
the Committee of the Whole.
The SPEAKER, by consent, laid before the House the
communication of Mr. CLARK, of New York, asking the
House to excuse him from serving on the Committee of
Claims, by reason of ill health. This request was granted,
unanimously.
THE CASE OF THE SERGEANT-AT-ARMS.
Mr. HOWARD, by consent, presented the request of
the select committee, upon the case of Mr. Dorsey and the
Bank of the Metropolis, that they be permitted to hold
their sessions during those of the House; which request
was granted.


QUESTION OF PRIVILEGE.
The following resolution, which was offered by Mr.
MERCER yesterday, and under consideration when the
House adjourned, came up in order:
SResolved, That Messrs. GHOLsON and WISE, members of
this House, between whom warm words have passed in debate,
be required by the Speaker to declare in their places that they
will not prosecute further the quarrel which has arisen this day
between them."
Mr. PATTON rose and said he had voted on yester-
day against the motion to lay the resolution on the table.
He now thought it ought to be laid on the table, and he
made that motion.
Mr. MERCER asked Mr. PATTON to withdraw his
motion, stating, that if he would do so, he (Mr. M.) would
make a motion which would supersede the necessity of
laying it on the table, without calling for the yeas and
nays. If it was not withdrawn, he should require the
yeas and nays on the question.
Mr. PATTON said, one principal reason which induc-e
ed him to make the motion was, that he discussion on the
resolution on yesterday was such as (to say the least) was
calculated to do no good. He must, therefore, persist in his
motion.
Mr. MERCER then demanded the yeas and nays, and
they were ordered to be taken.
The vote resulted as follows: Yeas 12G, nays G4.
So the resolution was ordered to lie on the table.
REPORTS OF COMMITTEES.
The SPEAKER then called upon the committees, in
order, for reports, when the following were presented:
CLAIMS.
By Mr. TALIAFERRO: A bill for the relief of the
legal representatives of Edward Meade.
By Mr. CHAMBERS: A report against the petition
of Hayden & Atwell.
JUDICIARY.
By Mr. TOUCEY: A bill for the relief of Ward &
Ficklin.
By Mr GARLAND: A bill requiring the holding of
semi-annual terms for the Circuit Court of the United "
States for the District of Maryland.
PRIVATE LAND CLAIMS.
By Mr. HARLAN: A report against the petition of
Jas. Caller's heirs.
By Mr. MAY: A report against the petition of Thos.
J. Lowry.
By Mr. HARLAN: A bill for the relief of the settlers
on Salt Lick reservation.
By Mr. LEADBETTER: A bill for the relief of Na-
thaniel Plumb and Ashbel Mason.
WAYS AND MEANS.
By Mr. HAYNES : A bill to provide for the support of
the Military Academy at West Point.
REVOLUTIONARY CLAIMS.
By Mr. MtHLENBERG: A report against the peti-
tion of Capt. Wm. Johnson.
By Mr. HARPER: A bill for the relief of Robert Bea-
dle's heirs.
By Mr. A. H. SHEPPERD : A report against the pe-
titions of Luke Cannon, Samuel Hern, Henry Northrup,
and John Shell.
COMMERCE.


wards him as an individual, while he animadverted upon
the tardiness with which the claims of the People of Mis-
sissippi had been attended to by the House.
He took the ground that the House were not aware of
the true state of the facts: and laid down three proposi-
tions, namely :
1. That Messrs. CLAIBORNE and GHOLSON never were
constitutionally elected members of the House of Repre-
sentatives in the 25th Congress.
2. If they were elected at all, it was only for the period
anterior to the regular election in November.
3. Himself and his colleague had legally and constitu-
tionally been elected, by the people of Mississippi, as mem-
bers of the House in the 25th Congress.
He then said that they found themselves met at the
threshold by the recent decision of the House as to the
election of the sitting members : and this decision he ex-
amined with much minuteness: and said he should main-
tain five propositions in reference to it:
1. That the adoption, by the House, of the resolution
in favor of Messrs. CLAIBORNE and GHOLSON, was not a
judicial decision, but the expression of an opinion, subject
to reversal.
2. That it was no adjudication of the claims of the
present applicants.
3. That so far as this pretended adjudication went to
annul the act of Mississippi, it was null and void, the
House having no such power.
4. That that decision was not binding upon the people
of Mississippi, who were not parties to it, and had received
no notice of the same.
5. That that adjudication had been given upon a mis-
take of the facts in the case, and that, of course, it was
subject to review.
These points were argued with much earnestness and
eloquence, and he was about making some remarks upon
the general subject when, on request of Mr. PATTON,
he gave way to a motion of adjournment.
And the House adjourned.

S- The petitions presented from Tennessee on Mon-
day last were by Mr. Jos. L. WILLIAMs; and not C. H-
WILLIAMS, as stated.

SUPREME COURT of the UNITED STATES.

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 17, 1838.
Present as yesterday.
BENJAMIN P. SMITH, Esq., of Virginia, was admitted an
Attorney and Counsellor of this Court.
No. 16. Daniel F. Strother, plaintiff in error, vs. John B.
C. Lucas. This cause was further argued by Mr. LAW-
LESS for the plaintiff in error.
Adjourned till to-morrow, 11 o'clock A. M.


NILES'S REGISTER.

In reply to daily inquiries from Members of Congre!
and others, it is deemed proper thus to state, that complex
sets of NILES'S REGISTER, from its commencemei
in September, 1811, to the present period, can be obtained
on application to Mr. PHILIP REIGART, the agent
the late Editor, in Baltimore, Maryland, or to the preset
Editor in Washington city, on the following terms, f
cash only, payable on delivery, viz.
52 vols. (in sheets,) from September 1811, to September 183
subscription price, $130 (
9 Supplements, containing Congressional Speeches,
&c. at$, 9
General Index, 3


$142 o
35 2


25 per cent. discount, -


d $106 7
e The reputation of the REGISTER" as a record of in
d portant public papers, illustrative of the history of publj
-measures and of public men, and of facts and events cor
nected with the progress of the nation, as exhibited
statistical details, &c. &c. is so well established in th
- country and in Europe, that it is deemed unnecessary
. speak of its character or objects further than to say tha
by common consent it seems to be considered an indisper
n sable portion of the library of the statesman and politician
o and is quoted by all parties with entire reliance upon th
e facts stated, which are always based, when they can b
a -obtained, upon official statements.
The complete sets. remaining on hand are quite limited
and, as. the work cannot, as some suppose, be reprinted
r unless at great expense, persons who wish to possess theI
Should make early application.
aI '- I*.L; &.iLa1ve Iftf i~irt,- a.nT a^l) l.1..x,....,.
will please publish the above four times, and send bills to
the office of the Register," in this city. jan 18
APPLES AT AUCTION.-By T. C. Wright,
Georgetown.-On Friday, (to morrow,) the 19th inst,
a 12 o'clock M. at the warehouse of Messrs. Davidson &
Dodge, I shall sell, without reserve, 150 barrels Northern Ap-
ples, in lots to suit purchasers.
Terms at sale. T. C. WRIGHT,
jan 18-2t Auctioneer.
F OR RENT-The comfortable and pleasantly situated
house on Capitol Hill, formneily occupied by Mrs. John
Coyle. Apply on the premises. jan 18-eo3tif
N EW GOODS.-S. ROBINSON has just opened-
Black, Blue, and assorted Cloths
do do Cassimeres and Cassinets
Real Whitney and other Blankets
Every species of domestic manufacture
All kinds of Irish and German Linen
Sheetings, Shirtings, and Diapers
Real Welsh and Patent Flannels
It is useless to particularize. The subscriber has almost every
article of Staple Goods. and many Fancy Dry Goods, which
will be sold for cash, or, otherwise, to punctual customers, at
very reduced prices.
N. B. Artificial Flowers and Satin and other Ribands.
jan 18-3t (Glo.)
OR SALE, Rent, or Exchange tor'City Pro-
F perty, bearing interest, my farm, near the Benning's
bridge, containing 30 acres of land, on which lay 1,500 fruit
trees, a very good two story frame house, lately finished, abarn,
a stable for six horses, a very good pump, a log house; also, a
vineyard, the vines are young. The above property is en-
closed with fence, and inside a row of green-brier bushes.
A carpenter, bricklayer, or any person who would undertake
a building, will find a good chance. The subscriber would ex-
change it for work done for him on vacant lots ; in case it should
be sold for money, the terms of payment will be very liberal.
A part of the money required. Title perfectly good. Inquire
of C. ALEXANDER,
jan 18-eo3m Upholsterer, Penn. avenue.
OST.-A cancelled note of $183 61, due January 11
. 1838; drawn by me at the order of Mr. W. A. Brad-
ley; and which note was paid. Any person on finding it will
confer a favor on the subscriber by sending it to
C. ALEXANDER,
jan 18-3t Upholsterer, Penn. avenue.


OOKS, BOOKS, BOOKS.-Splendid Sale.-On
Friday and Saturday evenings, the 2d and 3d of Februa-
ry next, I shall commence the sale, at my Auction Store, oppo-
site Brown's Hotel, of the most splendid collection of rare and
scarce specimens of costly printed London and other foreign
BOOKS ever offered before at public sale, printed from the
year 1469 to 1536. One copy, at least, ought to be in every
respectable library in the United States. Amongst the 4,000 vol-
umes which will be offered are-
Napoleon's grand work on Egypt, 14 volumes atlas folio
plates, and 9 volumes letter press description, is 23 volumes, a
very fine set.
The Musee Francais, 343 line engravings, 4 vols. imperial

folio, half morocco, and which are unquestionably the most mag-.
nificent works of art ever published in any country.
Also, Parliamentary Debates, 63 volumes. Do. History of
England, 24 volumes.
Thurloe's State Papers, 6 volumes folio.
Boydell's splendid Shakspeare Gillery, 100 engravings.
Dodsley's Annual Register, 38 volumes.
Gentleman's Magazine, 108 volumes.
Law Reports of Viner, Hobart, Lord Raymond, Burroughs,
Bunbury, Bacon, &c. &c.
Splendid Books of Engravings.
Rushworth's Historical Collection.
Rapin's History of England, with Tindal's continuation.
State Trials. Universal History, ancient and modern, 65 vols.
Journal of the Lords and Commons, 155 vols. folio, a fine set.
Major's splendid Cabinet Gallery of Pictures, 73 engravings.
Boydell's Shakspeare, 100 plates, folio.
R. Walpole and Noble Authors, 5 volumes morocco.
Theatrum European, 20 vols. folio, with many thousand en-


53
te
nt
!


WASHINGT ON.
Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and
inseparable."

THURSDAY, JANUARY 18, 1838.

ELECTIONS."-Under this head the Globe
coi gratulates itself upon'the result of the elec-
tiol for Mayor of the city of Pittsburgh. It
om ts to state that what is artfully represented
as a change consists in the re-election of a
Ma yor who has held the station for a number of
ye, rs, to the satisfaction of all parties, and
aga inst whom no serious opposition was medi-
tat ad until on the recent occasion when he
received orny eighty-six votes more than his
antagonist, instead of the overwhelming major-
ity of all former years. Even this was brought
ab ut by anxious declarations, at all public
me tings of the friends of the present incum-
bert, that he was a no-party candidate, and
wo ld not be supported on political grounds.
The result as to the Councils shows the ascend-
ant political character to be decidedly anti-Ad-
mi istration.

I IssIssIPPI.-The choice of presiding offi-
cer( of any legislative body is usually taken to in-
diclate the political complexion of that body;
an both branches of the Legislature of Missis-
sip,pi having chosen Whig presiding officers, we
hatl a right to believe that there was a majority
of Whig members in those bodies. In a letter
from Jackson, (the seat of Government of Mis-
sissippi,) published in the Globe of yesterday,
however, it is stated that there is a clear majori-
ty in both Houses opposed to the Whigs, not-
withstanding their having chosen Whig officers.
The writer of the letter adds: We shall elect
" a Senator in a few days of the true grit: either
" GWIN or TROTTER will be the man."

The Globe of Monday has the following arti-


d cle in regard to Treasury notes :
nt In consequence of the slight, and no doubt temporal
tT
br depression of the market price of Treasury notes beari
low rates of interest, at one or two places to which th
7 have been sent as remittances from various sections of t
00 country, by individuals who had purchased them from t
public creditors for that purpose, we understand that t
00 President has authorized an issue for the .payment
00 claims, bearing interest at the rate of five per cent., whi
has already commenced, and which, we have reason to t
00 lieve, will be equal to par at once every where. Tho
25 bearing lower rates of interest are equal to specie for tl
payment of duties and lands; the postponement of which
5 to a very large amount, under the provisions of the act
n- the special session, will begin to expire in the course oftv
ic or three weeks, as we are informed."
n-
in The Governor of MICHIGAN has issued h
)is
to Proclamation, cautioning the citizens of th
at State against violating the neutrality of tt
n- United States.

he An opportunity is afforded to those wi
desire to supply themselves with the best histo
1; of their country for the last twenty-five years, 1
d, d,< w, by the advertisement of the Proprietor
m thi 'complete Sets of NILES'S REGISTER, whi(

Pe :, ihle iae; for, assuredly, after the remain.
ili Sets are disposed of, it will be next to im
possible to procure a Set of that valuable work
at dny price.

The Paris correspondent of the New York
A aerican, under date of 7th December, thus an.
no0inces a melancholy event:
American service and society in Paris have sustained
a ieal loss in the death of Mr. BRADFORD, Vice Consul o
the' United States. He was indefatigable and highly in
telligent in the discharge of his functions. His temper
morals, and manners too, entitle him to perfect esteem. A
cold, caught on Friday, terminated in his dissolution on th(
Tuesday following, by inflammation and congestion ofthe
lungs. I saw him in the middle of the week in full health
and action, buoyant in spirits and confidence of vitality !'

It is with profound regret we state,that the officer called
Lt. BROOKE, in the list of the killed, (in Florida,) is Lt.
FRANCIS T. BROOKE, son of the late JOHN T. BROOKE, 01
Stafford county, Va. and nephew of Judge BROOKc, of the
Court of Appeals. He graduated at West Point in 1826,
and immediately joined his regiment, since which, with
one brief interval, he has been on duty on the Western
frontier. He possessed the most generous feelings and the
nicest sense of honor. No man stood higher in the Army
as an officer and as a man.-Political Arena.

NEW ORLEANS, JAN. 9.
The Natchez Free Trader contains some further parti-
culars of the loss of the steamboat Black Hawk. The pre-
cise number of the passengers on board at the time of the
explosion cannot be ascertained, as the clerk had not yet made
out a list. There were, however, more than 100, of whom 40
or 50 were women and children. The surviving cabin
passengers are Col. Luckett, Mrs. Luckett, Miss Caroline
Luckett, Miss Luckett, and 3 children, of Virginia;
Miss Dexter, of Delaware; Maj. De Russey, U. S. A~,
W. C. Duffield, of Missouri; E. Manning, of New Or-
leans; Mr. Sandford and Mr. Nichols, of Alexandria, La.;
Mr. Hyde, of Vermont; Mr. Rankin, and two other gen-
tlemen; butt i is supposed that there were ten or twelve
more, although Mr. Delisle, of Natchez, was the only ca-
bin passenger known by name to be lost. Two ser-
vants, belonging to Mr. Duffield, were lost.
Deck passengers, 12 or 15 were missing; three died
shortly after the explosion; 1 was drowned attempting to
swim on shore; 12 were scalded severely, and 12 slightly.
It is represented to have been the most complete wreck
ever caused by a steamboat explosion; all the buckets
blown overboard, and the pumps broken. The fire was
extinguished three different times, while she floated 15
miles. Great praise is bestowed upon the female deck pas-
sengers, who labored with desperation in baling the water
out of the hold.-Picayune.

The baggage car of the Pioneer Line on the Columbia
Railroad was discovered to be on fire on Saturday last,
about ten miles this side of Lancaster. Two small mails
and nearly the whole of the baggage were destroyed.

In the House of Representatives of Massachusetts, a
resolution to consider the expediency of abolishing capital
punishment has been referred to a committee of one from
each county.
The receipts into the Treasury of MASSACIHUSETTS last
year amountgedto 464,022 dollars, of which all but 28,904
dollars was from the auction and bank tax. Expenditures
510,50 dollars.

EFFECTS OF INTEMPERANCE.


AUTHENTIC FROM FLORIDA.

EXTRACT OF A LETTER RECEIVED IN THIS CITY FROM AN OF-
FICER OF THE ARMY, DATED
"FORT GARDNER, DEC. 31, 1837.
The Ist brigade, under the command of Co-
lonel TAYLOR, reached this, a few hours sipce,
from Lake Okee-cho-bee, where it encountered
the Indians, and, after a severe and bloody bat-
tle, which lasted several hours, the Indians were
driven in every direction, leaving 10 dead on the
ground, and no doubt they bore off many others
that were killed. Their position was of the
strongest, as we had to pass three-quarters of a
mile up to our knees in mud and water to reach
them in a cypress thicket. Our loss was severe,
as we had 27 killed and 110 wounded. Killed,
Lieutenant Colonel THOMPSON, Captain SwEAR-
INGEN, and Lieutenants BROOK and CENTER, of
the regular Army, and Colonel GENTRY, Of the
Missouri volunteers, and many officers wound-
ed, but I hope not dangerously. We captured
some 200 or 300 cattle and 90 or 100 horses from
the Indians the day after the battle."

The following Letter, received in a newspa-
per slip by mail, adds some further particulars
of the action referred to in the above letter:
FROM THE NEW ORLEANS BULLETIN.
The following extract from a letter written by
Colonel DAVENPORT, gives fully the particulars
of the battle fought by the troops under the com-
mand of Colonel TAYLOR, against the Indians,
headed by Sam Jones.
FORT GARDNER, 31ST DEC.,
ON THE KISSIMMEE.
Hearing that Sam Jones, with the Micasukies, were not
far off, we left a small command to go on with the work,
and went in pursuit of him; after a-journey of about 30
miles, we found him in the Okee Ochlee Lake, on the 25th
instant, in a cypress swamp, fronted by a slough almost im-
passable, but it was necessary to cross it to reach him.
This slough was nearly half a mile wide, and, in going
through it, the men were frequently up to their waists in
mud. A disposition for battle was soon made, and the
troops marched forward, and when within about 80 to 100
yards of the cypress swamp, the Indians commenced a fu-
rious attack and kept it up for one hour, returning three
times to the attack, but being driven the third time, they
gave way, leaving part of their dead on the field, and much
of their plunder.
Officers and soldiers, in all, killed,27, and 110 wounded.
The Indians left on the field 8 killed ; it n.ay be presumed
they carried off a portion of their dead ; we have but little
doubt that their loss was fully as great as ours in propor-
tion to the number they had in battle, which was estimated
between 300 and 500; our force was upwards of 600 men.

In the Pennsylvania Convention on Tuesday evening,
while a member was speaking against an amendment re-
stricting certain ordinary expenses of the Legislature, and
adducing cases where such outlays were necessarily con-
tingent and uncontrollable, he observed-" Its stock of fuel
might become exhausted, and its candles go out-" At
this instant all the gas lights were extinguished, as if by
magic. The singular circumstance produced much amuse-
ment.-Nat. Gazette.

MARRIAGES.
At Hazel Grove, Caroline county, Va. on Wednesday,
the 10th instant, by the Rev. Mr. FRIEND, ROOTES B.
THORNTON, M. D., of Westmoreland, to Miss EL-
LEN M..daughter of Col. RICHARD BUCKNER.
--At St--Atju.sti.n eEast Florida. anlhe 21st December
by the I.l Mr. HENDERSON, Captain L. B. WEBSTER,
U. S. Aril, to Miss FRANCES M. daughter of the
Hon. J,~s:Prn,L. SMITrH.
On Tuesday evening last, at Locust Grove, Prince
George's county, Md. by the Rev. Mr. MCILHEIMER, Mr.
ANTHONY C. PAGE to ELIZABETH CROSS,
daughter of FIELDER CROSS, Esq.
At Rose Hill, Clark county, Va. on the llth inst. by
the Rev. WM. JAC SON, SAMUEL G. KNELLER, of
Was hington City, to Miss MARGARET A. daughter o
JACOB SHIVELY, Esq.

DEATH.
In this city, on the 13th instant, after a lingering ill
ness, THOMAS ARBUCKLE, Esq. for many years a
Faithful clerk in the Post Office Department. Respected
in life for his many virtues, and supported in death by the
consolations ot that religion which governed his progress
throughh life, he has left many friends and acquaintances
who, on their own account, will long regret the loss they
iave sustained by his decease.


NATIONAL THEATRE.-WASHINGTON.

THIS EVENING, JANUARY 18,
Will be performed Massinger's Play of
A NEW WAY TO PAY OLD DEBTS.
Sir Giles Overreach Mr. BOOTH.
To conclude with the laughable Musical Piece of
THE SWISS COTTAGE;
Or, Jfhy don't she Marry ?
To-morrow the last night of Mr. BOOTH'S Engagement.
AT A LARGE AND RESPECTABLE MEET-
.-ing of the citizens of Washington, held pursuant to pub-
lic notice, for the purpose of appointing Managers, and making
other necessary arrangements for a Ball for the benefit of the
Poor of the city of Washington, the following list of Managers
was proposed, and unanimously adopted:
MANAGERS.
Peter Force R. Keyworth
J. P. Van Ness J. H. Riley
Joseph Gales, jt. J. Conly
R. C. Weightinan E. W. Clarke
Thomas Carbery P. Casanovo
William A. Bradley R. Patterson
John N. Moulder Robert Beall
W. L. Brent James Lawrenson
J. H. Bradley E. G. Emack
P. G. Howle G. W. WiVhte
William H. Gunnell John Boyle
Ignatius Mudd C. F. Condict
H. J. Brent William Hickey
Wm. I. Stone Edward Dyer
W. Warder George Whiting
J. L. Henshaw J. A. Blake
James Hoban S. Burch
H. H. Sylvester William A. Weaver
Noble Young Sullivan
F. A. Dickins Edward Simms
Joseph Smoot J. H. Sherborne
WV. Kirkwood N. B. Van Zandt
John France William P. Piercy
Samuel Bacon L. C. Bootes
M. Brown McClintock Young
S. Masi W. H. lDeitz
H. B. Sweeny H. M. Morfit
Wm. M. McCauly John Wells
N. Carusi William Davis
-E. Lindsley R. Wright.
P. S. The Managers are requested to meet on Thursday,
thiss evening,) at half past 6 o'clock, at Carusi's Saloon.
JOHN N. MOULDER, Chairman.
WV. KIRKWOOD, Secretary. jan 18
PERSEVERANCE FIRE COMPANY.-An ad-
joarned me eating of this company will be held this even-
ing at 7 o'clock. H. T. PAIRO,
1 o- 7, '


EDITORS' CORRESPONDENCE.

NEW YOlik, JAR. 16.
The rumors from "the seat of war" to-day
are, that Sir FRANCIS HEAD and Col. McNABB
have quarrelled; that McNabb has resigned;
that MCDONALD takes his place; that there is a pa-
triot force 1,500 strong near Fort Maiden; and
that the Navy Islanders are going there in a
steamboat. No action had taken place at Navy
Island. The soldiers were retiring from Chip-
pewa, and the movements were many about
there ; but what is the intention of the British
forces, none know this side of the lines. Things
are, therefore, in status quo. The Canadian
fever, however, by no means. As was the Texas
fever in Mississippi, Louisiana, Alabama, and
Tennessee, so is the Canadian fever in Western
New Yoik, Northern Ohio, and Vermont.
I have been looking for some days, with some
interest, for what Gov. KENT, of Maine, has to
say upon the Northeastern Boundary; but the
Locofocos there die hard, and are very unwilling
after all to permit the People to choose their
own Governor.
I hear nothing more of the Boston banks.
The Boston journals pour red hot broadsides
upon the office-holders, whose bank the Com-
monwealth was, and of which the Government
made a pet.
The despatches recalling Lord GOSFORD,
caine out in the last packet. Sir JOHN COL-
BORNE, I suspect, is to take his place. Sir GEO.
ARTHUR, who is to succeed Governor HEAD,
will be here, it is probable, in the packet of the
20th.
Some of our banks are making a movement
to call upon the Philadelphia banks to resume
specie payments, and in case they do not con-
cur in fixing a day they propose to resume inde.
pendently. They cannot do it. The Philadel-
phia banks are better off, and far more united,
and more popularly managed than ours, which
quarrel like caged monsters.
U. S. Bank stock to-day 120; Treasury notes
Super cent. below paper money. Whether these
be the old issue, bearing 2 per cent. or the new,
bearing 5 per cent. interest I have not been able
to ascertain. There is nothing new in our
money market. The packets sailed this morn-
ing with a good wind.

Sales This DJay.

SADDLE HORSE FOR SALE.-Will be sold at
auction on Thursday morning, the 18th instant, between 9
and half past 9 o'clock, in front of Lloyd's Hotel, unless pre-
viously disposed of, a small handsome bay riding Horse, Saddle,
&c. This Horse will be eight years old next Spring; paces
easily, though not fast; trots tolerably well, and canters uncom-
monly well, and is remarkably sprightly. Until the sale, he
may be seen and examined at Pumnphrey's Stable, back of
Brown's. E. DYER,
jan 17-2t Auctioneer.
G ENTEEL FURNITURE, &c. by E. DYER.
.X On Thursday next, the 18th instant, at 11 o'clock A. M
1 shall sell, at the residence of the Rev. Mr. Hanson, on 10thi
street, between 1) and Estreets, [east side, all his household
and kitchen Furniture, consisting, in part, of excellent in-
grain parlor and chamber Carpets and Rugs, and cane-seat
and other Chairs; Andirons, Shovels, Tongs, and Fender;
handsome mantel Glass; straw Matting, &c.; an excellent
eight-day Time Piece; mahogany Taibles; step Carpet and
Rods; French-post maple Bedsteads, excellent Beds and Bed-
ding; Bureaus, toilet Glasses, Washstands, Basins, and
Ewers; Wardrobe, &c. with a good assortment of kitchen
utensils, amongst them an excellent Cooking Stove, (ten-
plate,), with two boilers, large size. Also a lot of Wood in the
yard. Terms at sale. EDW. DYER,
jan 16-3t Auctioneer.
EBJVENING SALES-DRY GOODS, FURS,
JA FANCY ARTICLES, WATCHES, JEWEL-
RY, &c.-On this evening, and will be continued on Friday
and Saturday evenings, at my Auction Rooms, a very large and
valuable stock of fresh goods, just received from the North, con-
iisting,-in part, of, viz.-
Five silk and fur hats, misses and youth's fur caps
Swan neck-ties, muffs, seal gloves and caps, velvet do
Ermine capes, fuir over-shoes-water-proof
Superior 14-4 rose blankets, superior Irish linens
Table cloths, superior cloths and cassimeres
Silk, satin, and bombasin stocks
Fancy work and toilet boxes, shaving cases
Fancy soaps, combs, various kinds
Pen and pocket knives, knives and forks
Brass and plated candlesticks
Brass shovel and tongs, razors, scissors
Flutes, mantel clocks, gold and silver lever watches
Common watches, breastpins, finger rings, &c. &c.
The whole comprising a rich and beautiful assortment, worthy
he attention of dealers and citizens generally.
The sales will be absolute. ALEX. McINTIRE,
jan 18-3t (Glo) Auctioneer.


EVW AND SPLENDID GERMAN SILVER
REVOLVING CASTORS.-Just received from
Philadelphia, a new and splendid article of Revolving German
Silver Castors, 5, 6, and 7 bottles, with rich cut fluted spire
stoppers, heavy. The frames are new patterns, plain and chased,
extra weight, and the most superior polish. These castors are
warranted to retain their lustre, and are stronger and better
than the richest plated, and cheaper. The above are without
exception one of the best articles ever offered to the notice of
the Public. ALEX. McINTIRE.
jan 18-3t [Globe] Auctioneer.
B Y A. McliNTIRE.-Sale of Old, Rich, and Su-
perior Wiines.-On Saturday morning, 20th instant, at
half past 11 o'clock, I shall sell, at my auction rooms, an in-
voice of very fine rich old bottled Wines, superior to any thing
ever offered in this District, of direct importation, consisting of,
in part, as follows, viz.
Superior Old Pale and Brown Sherry
E. J. Pale Sherry, very old
Old Pico Madeira, 8 years old, in bottles, Star Madeira do
H. March do Lobo Pale Sherry
S. M. Madeira, very old
Old Blackburn do 1S12
Malmsey Madeira, very fine and old
J. D. and M. W. Madeira, very old
Oliviera & Co's Madeira, 1812
Old Murdock Madeira, Lisbon Madeira, Gold Sherry
Old Mess Madeira, C. T. S. Sherry, very old
Superior Charante London Dock Brandy
Superior Champ. Brandy
Fine Old Holland Gin, (pure,) Monongahela Whiskey
Members of Congress and citizens of the District, who desire
a truly genuine good article, are invited to the sale of the above.
Samples will be ready by 11 o'clock Saturday morning.
Terms, &c. at sale. ALFX. McINTIRE,
jan 18-3t (Glo.&Mad.) Auctioneer.
F ANCY STORE.-I have just received and opened a
select and rich variety of Fancy Articles at my store, on
Pennsylvania Avenue, between 9th and 10th streets, where I
most respectfully invite the ladies and gentlemen to call.
jan 18-2aw4w B. CHAMBERS.
MATHEMATICAL TEACHER.-A vacancy will
occur, on the 4th of April ensuing, in the mathematical
department of the Rockville Academy. The trustees will re-
ceive applications from candid, tes for the place until the first
day of March, on which day an election to fill the vacancy will
be made. Respectable testimonials of good character and lite-
rary attainments must be produced to the Board, in addition to
which they will require a personal examination on the day of


-I -*-


I

















BALTIMORE & PORT DEPOSIT RAIL-ROAD OFFICE,
BALTIMORE, DECEMBER 28.
HE CARS OF THE PHILADELPHIA,
WILMINGTON AND BALTIMORE RAIL-
ROAD COMPANIES, will, for the present, continue to
leave the depot in Pratt street daily at 7 o'clock A. M. for Phil-
adelphia and the intermediate places.
The Rail road from Wilmington towards Philadelphia being
completed to the Schuylkill, the passengers will be conveyed
on that road to Philadelphia as soon as the Delaware becomes
impracticable for the steamboat Telegraph, all the arrangements
having been made to that effect, dec 30



OUISA RAILROAD.-The transportation of passen-
gers on this road commenced regularly on the 22d inst.
The charges are as follows :
Frederick's Hall Depot to Beaverdam $00 75
Ditto to Junction 1 50
Ditto to Richmond 2 75
Ditto to Fredericksburg 3 75
A daily train leaves Richmond for Frederick's Hall at 121
P. M. Frederick's Hall for Richmond and Fredericksburg, at
4 A.M.
Stages will be run regularly between Frederick's Hall and
Charlottesville by Messrs. Boyd & Edmonds & Stockton & Co.
in connexion with the train. The stage fare will not exceed
$2 75, Passengers preferring so to do will have it in their
power to pay at Richmond and Fredericksburg through to
Charlottesville.
Distance from Richmond to Frederick's Hall about 46 miles.
Distance from Frederick's Hall to Charlottesville about 44.
This train connects regularly with the mail line to and from
Fredericksburg and Washington City. Passengers leaving
Richmond or Fredericksburg at half past 12 o'clock in the day,
arrive at Charlottesville, (with but little night travelling,) by
10 o'clock next morrdng; and, in return, leaving Charlottes-
ville after the arrival of the stages from Staunton, arrive in
Richmond or Fredericksburg by half past 8 next morning.
dec 25-tf



WASHINGTON BRANCH RAILROAD.-On
and after Monday next, the llth instant, the cars will
leave the depot in this city for Baltimore at 9 o'clock A. M., in-
stead of 91 A. M., as heretofore.
The object of this alteration is to render certain the arrival of
the train at Baltimore early enough to afford ample time for pas-
sengers going North to take the steamboat, which now departs
daily for Philadelphia, at half past 12 o'clock.
The afternoon train will, as heretofore, leave the depot at a
quarter after 5 o'clock P. M. sept 8-d6t&wtf
WASHINGTON BRANCH RAILROAD TRANSPORTATION DEPOT,
WASHINGTON, DEC. 13,1837.
T IS RESPECTFULLY MADE KNOWN,
That merchandise or other commodities received at this
Depot for delivery in this city, or to be forwarded to Baltimore,
or to points on the line of the road, will, hereafter, be subject
to the following regulations, of which those interested will please
take notice :
1st. The freight and charges on all goods consigned to indi-
viduals in this city or its vicinity must be paid before their re-
moval from the depot.
2d. Commodities offered for transportation must be distinctly
marked, and be accompanied by a list, in duplicate, of the num-
ber and description of packages to be forwarded; the name of
the consignee, and of the party forwarding the same ; otherwise
they cannot be received.
The Company will not be responsible for damage arising from
leakage or breakage; -nor will they be responsible for damage
alleged to have been received by any goods or commodities
transported by them, unless the claim shall be made before the
removal of the goods from the depot; further, if goods which
shall have been transported on this -road be not received or
taken away by their consignees or owners on the day of their
arrival at the depot, the Company will not be responsible for, or
pay any claims for loss or damage which may be sustained by
such goods; in other words, if goods as above described, be per-
mitted to remain in or on the cars on the railway, or at the de-
pot, one or more nights after their arrival, they will remain so
at the exclusive risk of the owners or consignees.
The hours for receiving and delivering gooda will, until fur-
ther notice, be from 9 A. M. till 4 P. M.
By order: SAML. STETTINIUS,
dec 14- Agent.


FOR NORFOLK.-The stea-
mer COLUMBIA. Cantai J wr


Sr... .. .-- -.. MITCHELL, will leave Washington
every Thursday, at 12 o'clock A.
M. arriving in Norfolk in due time for the Charleston steam-
boat, Portsmouth railroad cars, and thg Richmond steamboat.
Returning, will leave Norfolk at 3 o'clock P. M. every Sun-
day. Passage and fare $6. (Globe & Alex. Gaz.)
oct 28-eotf
SELLING, TRAVELING, AND POCKET
PISTOLS.-A large and general assortment, of supe-
rior quality, London made, for sale on the most accommodating
terms, at the old established Snuff, Tobacco and Fancy Store,
between llth rind 12th streets, Penn. Av.
LEWIS JOHNSON.
P. S. Best old Yellow Leaf James River and Barboursville
Chewing Tobacco. Real Principe and Havana Segars. All
kinds of best European and American Snuffs, &c. &c. for sale
cheap as above. jan 1
G EORGE SWEEN Y, Notary Public, Convey-
ancer, and General Agent, has opened an office in
Elliot's new block of buildings, on Pennsylvania Avenue, east of
4j street, where he is ready to execute any business committed
o him.
G. S. will undertake theprosecution of claims upon Congress
and the Executive Departments of the Government, and will
be thankful to those who may favor him with orders or com-
missions.
His well-known experience in all such business as he pro-
poses to undertake, renders particular references unnecessary.
dec 4-dlww3m [Globe]
y The Baltimore Patriot, Philadelphia Enquirer, New York
Journal of Commerce, Charleston Courier, New Orleans Bul-
letin, Cincinnati Gazette, Louisville Journal, and Mobile Com-
mercial Advertiser will please to insert the above six times,
and send their accounts to the advertiser for payment.
N EW WORKS.-Letters of Lucius M. Piso, from Pal-
myra, to his friend, Marcus Curtius, at Rome.
The Christian Professor, addressed, in a series of Counsels
and Cautions, to the members of Christian churches. By John
Angell James.
A New Tribute to the Memory of J. Brainerd Taylor.
Modern Accomplishments, or the March of Intellect. By
Miss C. Sinclair.
olodern Society, or the March of Intellect, the conclusion of
Modern Accomplishments. By Miss C. Sinclair.
Pretension. By Sarah Stickney, author of Poetry of Life.
2 vols.
Zinzendorff, and other Poems. By Mrs. L. Sigourney.
A Good Life, extracted from the true plan of a Living Tempt,
or man considered in his proper relation to the ordinary occu-
pations and pursuits of life. With an introductory Essay. By
John Brazer.
The Christian Father at Home, or Manual of Parental In-
struction. In two parts. 1st. On the Necessity of Salvation.
2d. On the Way of Salvation. By W. C. Brownlee, D.D.
Worth a Million. Stories from Real Life. Part 5.
The Young'Wife, or Dutiesof Woman in. the Marriage Re-
lation. By Dr. Alcott.
Just received and for sale, at No. 5, Varnum's Row, be-
tween 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
jan R. FARNHAM.
FOSTER'S COUNTING HOUSE MANUAL;
or, the Merchant's, Banker's, and Tradesman's Assistant.
For sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
dec 8 R. FARNHAM.
ARLING'S PATENT ROTARY PISTOLS.
LEWIS JOHNSON has just received a case of these
superior instruments, which he invites the Public to call and
see. jan 5-3t
ARYLAND POCKET ANNUAL for 1838,
containing an almanac, eclipses, moveable feasts, &c.
officers of the State, officers of the several counties of the State,
United States officers in Maryland, meetings of the courts,
election returns, members of the Legislature, Executive of the
United States, Congress, dates of the State elections, revenue
of Maryland, State Government expenses, newspapers, &c. in
Maryland, religions in the United States, popular statistics,
heights of principal mountains, census of the United States for
1830-estimated for 1840, population arranged in sections, cen-
susof Maryland from 1790 to 1820 and '30, &c. The above
Work may be had at Stationers' Hall; price only 50 cents.


GREAT NORTH AND SOUTH EXPRESS
LINE.
Winter Arrangement.
HALIFAX, WILMINGTON, AND CHARLESTON.







While it avoids the dangers of the Capes, and the fatigues
of 300 miles of staging, it offers to the traveller a route which, for
speed, safety, comfort, and economy, is not equalled.
GOING SOUTH.
By this route, passengers who leave Baltimore on Monday
and Friday, Nia the Chesapeake Bay Boats and Portsmouth
Railroad, or via Washington city, the Fredericksburg, Rich-
mond, and Petersburg Railroad, to Blakely, will reach Halifax
on the evenings of the next days, viz. Tuesday and Saturday.
From Halifax, they will be immediately conveyed, by post
coaches and railroad, to Wilmington, where they will arrive on
Thursday and Monday mornings, (having slept at South Wash-
ington the preceding nights;) thence, after two hours' delay, to
Charleston, in from 12 to 16 hours; thence, by railroad, to Au-
gusta.
EXTRA.-Leave Baltimore or Washington city on Wednes-
day, via Fredericksburg, Richmond, and Petersburg railroad to
Blakely. Passengers will arrive at Halifax on Thursday even-
ing, at Wilmington Saturday morning, and leave for Charleston
on Monday.
GOING NORTH.
Leave Charleston every Sunday and Tuesday, at 5 o'clock P.
M., reach Wilmington the following mornings to breakfast.
Leave Wilmington at 12 o'clock and by railroad and post
coaches arrive at Halifax on the evenings of the next days, viz.
Tuesday and Thursday; sleep at Halifax, and the next morning
proceed North, via the Petersburg, Richmond, and Fredericks-
burg railroad.
EXTRA.-Leave Wilmington on Friday, arrive at Halifax on
Saturday, and the next morning, via the Portsmouth Railroad
and Bay Boats, or the Petersburg, Richmond, and Fredericks-
burg railroads.
RECAPITULATION.
GOING SOUTH.
Leave Baltimore or Washington city Monday, Wednesday,
and Friday, and arrive at Halifax Tuesday, Thursday, and Sa-
turday.
Arrive at Wilmington Thursday, Saturday, and Monday.
Arrive at Charleston Friday, Tuesday, and Tuesday.
GOING NORTH.
Leave Charleston Sunday and Tuesday.
Leave Wilmington Friday and Saturday.
Arrive at Wilmington Monday, Wednesday, and Friday.
Arrive at Halifax Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday.
The Portsmouth cars run daily ; the Petersburg cars on Sun-
day, Monday, Wednesday, and Friday.
Passengers will observe that, on this route, via the Chesa-
peake Bay Boats and Portsmouth Railroad, only one night's
sleep is lost between New York and Augusta, or, via Peters-
burg, only one night between Richmond and Augusta. The
coaches are now, the horses fresh and well trained, the drivers
sober and skilful, the fare and accommodations good. The new,
beautiful, and swift steamboat NORTH CAROLINA, built by Cor-
nelius Vanderbilt, Esq., of New York, for the Company, has
just been added to the line between Wilmington and Charles-
ton. In fine, no expense has been spared to render the line
comfortable and safe.
OFFICE W. & R. RAILROAD COMPANY,
WILMINGTON, DECEMBER 14.
jan 2-4w (GI be)


W INE STORBE, Pennsylvania Avenue, third
door West of 4j street, City of Washington.
-M. L. GITTINGS, has on hand a superior Stock of old
hWINES and LIQUORS, consisting in part as follows:
MADEIRAS.
20 dozen Reserved Madeira, very old and fine


Burgundy
Blackburn
Murdoch
Grape Juice
Oliveira
'Tinta
Sercial
Otranto
Malmsey
Johnson
Constantia


40 do Pale Lobo,
period


do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
SHERRIES.
Carera, Oldham,


Gold, &c. very su-


Brown, Lobo, Romano, Duff, Gordon's
Pure Grape Juice, Port
Otard, I)puy & Co's Brandy, very sup
do Pale do dc
Champagne Brandy dc
Peach do do


erior
)
0


1) do emaica bpirits do
15 do Irish Whiskey do
20 do Monongahela Whiskey, 18 years old
CHAMPAGNES.
50 do Sparkling Champagne, Napoleon brand
20 do do do Anchor do
15 do do do Grape do
10 do do do Harp do
6 do do do Pints, Napoleon do
20 do London Porter, Brown Stout, Scotch Ale, quart and
pint bottles
FRENCH WINES AND CORDIALS.
50 dozen Clarets, Chateau Margeaux, Leoville, Medoc, St.
Julien, Sauterne, White and Red Hermitage
CORDIALS.
25 dozen Marisehino,Curacoa Liqueurs, Perfect Love,Cinna-
mon, Rose, Lemon, Aniseed, &c.
RHENISH WINES.
20 dozen Hock, Marcobruner, Hockheimer, &c.
ON DRAFT.
12 pipes Madeira Reserved, Star, Burgundy, Murdoc, Black-
burn, Howard March & Co.'s Tinta, Grape Juice, &c.
very superior
4 butts Pale Sherry, Lobo, Carera, Oldham, &c.
4 do Brown do do do do
2 do Pure Juice Port
1 do Irish Whiskey, very old and fine
6 barrels Monongahela Whiskey, 18 years old
3 pipes Otard, Dupuy & Co.'s Brandy, old and fine
I do do Pale do do
1 do Charante Brandy do
I do Champagne do do
2 do Holland Gin, Wesp, Anchor and Orange
2 do Jamaica Spirits
2 do St. Croix do
1 do Peach Brandy
Demijohns loaned, and goods sent free of porterage.
dec 4-dtf
C ASH FOR NEGROES.-I will give cash and liberal
prices for a number of likely Negroes, under twenty-five
years of age, families included. I can be found at B. O. She-
kell's Tavern, a few doors below Lloyd's Tavern, opposite the
Centre Market. JAMES H. BIRCH,
june 26-tf Washington City.


(1harles County Court, August Term, 1837.--On
the appearance of Zephaniah H. Turner, a petitioner for
the benefit of the insolvent laws of this State, it is ordered by
the court here that the bond of said Zephaniah H. Turner be
respited until the 3d Monday in March next, and that he give
notice to his creditors that they be and appear before the Judges
of Charles county court, on the third Monday in March next, to
show cause, if any they have, why the said Zephaniah H. Tur-
ner shall not have the benefit of said laws; provided a copy of
this order bh published in some newspaper in the District of
Columbia, once a week for two months successively previous to
the said third Monday in March next.
Test, JOHN 'BARNES,
dec 21-law2m Clerk.
G UITARS.-Justopened, at Stationers' Hall, a large as-
sortment of patent screw Guitars, of superior tone and
finish, at prices from 10 to 45 dollars.
Expected daily, three superior Piano Fortes, from the unri-
valled manufacturers Messrs. J. Chickering & Co.- Boston,
which will be sold at their prices. -W. FISCHER.
jan 10 (Adv.)
S TATE OF MARYLANI), Sc.-On application to
me the subscriber, a Judge of the Orphans' court of Charles
county, by petition, in writing, of Thomas H. Latimer, praying
for the benefit ofthe act of Assembly for the relief of sundry insol-
vent debtors, passed at November session, 1805, and the sever-
al supplements thereto, a schedule of his property and a list
of his creditors, on oath, as far as he can ascertain them, being
annexed to his petition, and the said Thomas H. Latimer having
satisfied me by competent testimony that he has resided in the
State of Maryland two years immediately preceding the time
of his application; it is therefore ordered by me that the said
Thomas H. Latimer be discharged ; and that he, by causing a
copy of this order to be inserted in some newspaper published
in the District of Columbia once a week for two successive
months before the third Monday of March next, give notice to
his 'creditors to appear before Charles County Court on the 3d
1 onnnor fc Mlr, h novt fry the nlrnnov of re onmm'n'lninvo a


ALL AND WINTER GOODS.-C. E
Merchant Tailor Pennsylvania avenue, respectful
the attention of his customers and the Public to his lar
elegant assortment of FALL AND WINTER GOODS; wl
will make up, to order, at the shortest notice, and in tl
and most fashionable style.
Together with a first-rate stock of fashionable READY
CLOTHING, FANCY ARTICLES, &c., which will make his
ment, in every respect, full and complete.
nov 13-eod2m


ckloff,
ly calls
ge and
lich he
le best

MADE
assort-


GEN CY AT WASHINGTON.-JAMES H. cAUsb-
TEN, (late of Baltimore,) having made this city his perma-
nentresidence,andlocated his dwellingand office directly( opposite
to the Department of State, will undertake, with his actcistomed
zeal and diligence, the settlement of claims generally; and
more particularly claims before Congress, against the United
States, or the several Departments thereof, and before anb board
of commissioners that may be raised for the adjustment of spo-
liation or other claims. He has now in charge the entire class
arising out of French spoliations prior to the year 1800;
with reference to which, inaddition to a mass of documents and
proofs in hlis possession, he has access to those in the archives
of the Government.
Claimants and pensioners on the Navy fund, &c. 'bounty
lands, return duties, &c. &c. and those requiring life ins rance,
can have their business promptly attended to by letter, (post
paid,) and thus relieve themselves from an expensive and incon-
venient personal attendance.
Having obtained a commission of Notary Public, he isIrepar-
ed to furnish legalized copies of any required public docit ments
or other papers. He has been so long engaged in the diities of
an agent, that it can only be necessary now to say that economy
and prompt attention shall be extended to all business confided
to his care; and that, to enable him to render his services and
facilities more efficacious, he has become familiar with all the
forms of office. teb 26--ly
COR RENT.- The dwelling-house and grounds of the
B-' late Lewis G. Davidson, Esq. situated on the extreme
right of the heights of Georgetown, D. C. and comprising every
advantage most desirable in a private residence. The house is
substantially built of brick, and is of two stories, and spacious,
neatly furnished with garrets, having four large rooms on each
floor, with wing for kitchen, servants' rooms, pantiy, &c. Sta-
bles, carriage-house, cow-house, and gardener's house, and
other offices, all of.brick, are attached. The lot covers tn ex-
tent of twenty acres and more, which is now under fine culti-
vation as garden, orchards, grass lots, woodland, &c. The pros-
pect from this residence, south, is perhaps more extensive than
that of any other part of the heights, while it embraces a very
beautiful northern view, of which all the others are deprived.
For terms, apply to R. R. CRAWFORD, on the premises.
june 10-dtf
A TEACHER WANTED to take charge of the Mont
ocacy school, near the mouth of the river Monocacy,
Montgomery county, Maryland. A single man, who is quali-
fied to teach all the useful branches of an English education,
and who can come well recommended for sobriety and atten-
tion, will meet with immediate employment and liberal compen-
sation. The situation is healthy, and the neighborhood is con-
sidered a good one. Letters addressed to Joseph J. W. Jones,
William Trundle, Warren King, or to Benjamin White, pos-
paid, will be immediately attended to. Letters addressed to
Poolesville Montgomery county, Maryland. nov 21w4w
ECOLLECTION Sofa Southern Matron,by Mrs.
Gilman, of Charleston, S. C.
A Love Token for Children, by Mrs. Sedgwick, with-a great
variety of JUVENILE BOOKS, just received from the North,
and for sale at the lowest prices, between 9th and 10th street's,
Pennsylvania avenue. R. FARNHAM.
O 1HIO GAZETTEER, with a map-Just published
and this day received, for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also, Wetmore's New Gazetteer of Missotri, with a laige
map, 1837.
Sherwood's New Gazetteer of Georgia, with a large map,
1837.
Peck's New Gazetteer of Illinois, 1837. Illinois in 1837,
with a map.
Gordon s New Gazetteer of the State of New York, 1 octavo
volume.
Martin's Gazetteer of Virginia and the District of Columbia,
1 octavo volume.
Large Map of Florida, taken from the documents in the Land
Office at Tallahassee.
Large Maps of Mississippi and Alabama, just engraved from
the United States Surveys in the General Land Office, Wash-
ington City.
Visit to Texas, 1 volume.
Large New Maps of Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, &L-"ex-
hibiting the sections.
Davenport's New Gazetteer, 471 closely printed large octa-
vo pages, handsomely bound,with many engravings, pric, 1 50.
New Geographical Dictionary, containing 304 closely pointed
pages, price 87 cents.
And very many other works of the same class of liter~tnre,
at the lowest price in every case. Ji 3
Charles Count T. set. -
O N application to me, the subscriber, ( ~' h Judge j the
Orphans' Court of Qharles county, kn the recqps of
Charles County Court,) by the petition, in writing, of DIAnis
Nalley, of said county, praying for the benefit of the At of
.Assembly for the relief of insolvent debtors, and the siplpe-
ments thereto, a schedule of his property and a list onhi' cre-
ditors, on oath, being annexed to his petition, and being ,atis-
fled that he has resided in the State of Maryland twoTears
immediately previous to his application, and having also rated
that he is unable to pay his debts, and that he is now co aned
in jail for the same, do hereby order and adjudge that th. said
Dennis Nalley be discharged from custody, and that hegive
notice published in some newspaper once a week fo two
months successively, in the District of Columbia, to his cedit-
ors, to appear before Charles County Court on the third don-
day in March next, for the purpose of recommending a tustee
for their benefit, and to show cause, if any they have, wyi the
said Dennis Nalley shall not have the benefit of said ats as
prayed. Given under my hand, this 9th day of Decer.ber,
1837. JOHN FERGUSSOJ.
True copy. Test: JOHN BARNES,
dec 12-w2m Clerk of Charles County Cou:t.
MANIFOLD LETTER WRITERS.-W. ?IS-
CHER has just received an a assortment of Wilso' s su-
perior Manifold Letter Writers, from five to ten dollars, mnve-
loped covers, steel mounted, with lock and key.
dec 25
JUST PUBLISHED AND FOR SALE, b" W.
M. MORRISON, two doors west of Brown's Hotel,'
Peck's New Gazetteer of Illinois, in three parts, containing
a general view of the State'; a general view of each county,
and a particular description of each town, settlement, stream,
prairie, bottom, bluff, etc., alphabetically arranged; by J. M,
Peck.
Also, a second edition ofPeck's New Guide for Emigrants to
the West; containing Sketches of Michigan, Ohio, Indiana,
Illinois, Miss'uri, Arkansas, with the Territory of Wisconsin
and the adjacent parts.
Tales from the German, translated by Nathaniel Green; in
2 vols.


Twice Told Tales, by Nathaniel Hawthorn.
The Youth's Keepsake, for 1838.
The Harcourts, or Stories from Real Life, designed to teach
true Independence and Domestic Economy ; in five parts.
Part 3d : Extravagance is the disease, economy is the reme-
dy."-Paulding.
The Savings Bank, and other stories;. illustrating true Inde-
dependence and Domestic Economy; translated from the French
by a Lady. Part 4: Stories from Real Life.
The Lady's Annual Register and Housewife's Memorandum
Book, for 1838; by Caroline Gilman; with Engravings, by
Devereux. dec 16
OEMS BY THE HON. MRS. NORTON.-In
one volume, price fifty cents, is just received. For sale
y F. TAYLOR. nov 29
GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY.-A new sup-
ply of
Buckland's Geology and Mineralogy, 2 vols. new
Lyell's Principles of Geology, 2 vols.
De la Beche's Geological Manual
Constock's Mineralogy
Do Geology,
Is received and for sale at low prices, at GARRET ANDER-
SON'S Book, Stationery, and Fancy Store, Pennsylvania
Avenue, between llth and 12th streets. jan 8
9000 FOSTER'S COPY BOOKS.-Just re-
ceived from Boston, Foster's Elementary Copy
Books, designed to render the acquisition of penmanship simple
and progressive ; to save teachers the trouble of setting-copies,
and to furnish schools and families with a practical system by
which the art may be taught with facility and correctness.
Also, Bascom's Guide to Chirography, in a series of vrriting
books ; ruled, with the lines aboUt one-seventh of an inch apart;
which style of ruling is adapted to coadis hand, medium hand,
fine hand, capitals, &c.; with engraved copies in ah book,
and general directions on the covers; being an improve inton
the author's system of penmanship and writing book combined.
A considerable deduction will be made to those who buy fly the
quantity. For sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania
avenue. R. FARNHAM.
dec 8


STEWART, THORNTON, AND EASTON,
Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, and Solicitors in
Chancery,
MOBILE, ALABAMA.
GEORGE N. STEWART,
HARRY I. THORNTON,
WM. C. EASTON,
Postage to be paid on business letters. oct 17-d&cly


I


From the Hon. Charles Fisher, late member of Congress,
Salisbury district.
SALISBURY, FEB. 23. 1837.
"Several years ago I wasvery much afflicted with diseased
stomach and bowels; nothing I could eat appeared to agree with
me, and I was obliged to be very careful in my diet. A jour-
ney tothe Southwest afforded me considerable relief, and, as I
supposed, had cured me; but, when I left off travelling, the
disease returned again, and I was obliged to take medicine
constantly, among other things very often calomel; this con-
tinued to be mv state until about twelve months ago, when, on
the recommendation of Major John Beard, I began to try Beck-
with's Antidvspeptic Pills; I soon found relief fiom them, and
since have taken no other medicine whatever. Whenever I
find my stomach or bowels becoming deranged, I resort to these
pills, and invariably find relief. I have heard a number of
persons speak of the benefits they have received, from these
pills. in the most decided terms. I am well acquainted with
Dr. Beckwith; he for a time resided in this place, and was my
family physician. His own testimony with regard to the use of
his Antidyspeptic Pills may be fully relied on.
"CHARLES FISHER."
These Pills may be had at the stores of Dr. W. GUNTON
and S. J. TODD, Washington City; R. STABLER, Alexan-
dria; 0. M. LINTHICUM, Georgetown, and of almost every
extensive Druggist throughout the United States.
sept 2-d6m dec 4-d4m
C ASHI FOR NEGURO ES.-1 will give the highest
casl price for likely NEGROES from 10 to 25 years of
age. Myself or agent can at all times be found at the estab-
lishment formerly owned by Armfield, Franklin & Co. at the
'west end of Duke street, Alexandria.
mar 14--tf GEORGE KEPHART.

i--1FTY DOLLARS REWARD.-Eloped from my
V ,residence ELOIZA, a young negress of ordinary stature
and size, but strongly made, about 22 years old, color of a chest-
nut or brown, long thick woolly hair, which is commonly ecat-
ly combed, parked before, and tucked with combs. Her cloth-
ing consists of several calico frocks, white cotton aprons and
collars, &c. and a black bombasin dress. She has had from
her birth a very singular mark, resembling the dashing on the
skin of coffee grounds or some black substance. This mark,
to the best of my recollection, commences on the neck or collar
bone, and covers part of her breasts, body, and limbs, and when
her neck and arms are uncovered is very perceptible. I un-
derstand that she calls herself Louisa, and has been frequently
seen east and south of the Capitol square, and harbored by ill-
disposed persons of every complexion for her services, where
by diligent search she may be found, unless she has hired her-
self elsewhere as a cook or house servant. I will give the
above reward if caught in the District of Columbia and deliver.
ed to me, or if out of the District I will give an additional sun
often dollars for every ten miles beyond theDistrict line in any
direction, provided the distance does not exceed fifty miles, anc
if beyond that distarice one hundred dollars, and secured si
that I get her again, in case it should not be convenient to de
liver her as aforesaid. WM. ROBINSON,
oct2-dtf Georgetown.
IM' HIG ALMANAC.-TIhe Whig Almanac and Politi


-ECKWITH'S ANTIDYSPEPTIC PILLS.-
For the most part, those who are already dyspeptic, or by
their habits and pursuits in a fair way to become so, are coin-
monly not much in doubt of the fact, and sufficiently disposed to
employ a remedy entitled to their confidence. The object of
this advertisement is, to offer to those who may require a medi-
cine of this kind, such weight of testimony as will satisfy any
reasonable mind that, under all circumstances, these pills may
be tried with safety, at least. It is presumed such evidence
as the following would be thought sufficient to establish much
more important matters:
From the Rt. Rev. Levi S. Ives, D. D. Bishop of North
Carolina.
"RALEIGH, MARCH 2, 1835.
Having for the last three years been intimately acquainted
with Dr. John Beckwith, of this city, and enjoyed his profes-
sional services, I take pleasure in stating that his character as
a Christian gentleman and experienced physician, entitles his
testimony, in regard to the use of his Antidyspeptic Pills, to tlhe
entire confidence of the Public. My experience of the good ef-
fects of these Pills, for two years past, satisfies me of their emi-
nent value, particularly in aiding in impaired digestion, and
warding off bilious attacks. Having been for a long time sub-
ject to the annual recurrence of such attacks, I was in the habit
of resorting for security against them, and with very partial
success, to a liberal use of calomel or blue pill. But since my
acquaintance with the Antidyspeptic Pill ofDr. Beckwith, which
he prescribed in the first instance himself, I have not been un-
derthe necessity of using mercury in any form, besides being
wholly exempt from bilious attacks. Several members of my
family are experiencing the same beneficial effects.
"L. S. IVES."

From the Rev. F. L. Hawks, D. D.
NEW YORK, FEB. 3, 1836.
"I have no knowledge, derived from experience, of the effi-
cacy of Dr. Beckwith's Pills ; but I know that several of my
personal friends in North Carolina, whom I left some years ago
suffering severely under dyspepsia, were in good health when
I saw them, on a visit made a few months since, and all ascrib-
ed their recovery to the use of Beckwith's Pills.
I know that the certificates obtained by the Doctor in North
Carolina are from gentlemen of the highest respectability, and
several of them stated to me verbally that which is contained
in their published certificates. I have the most entire confi-
dence in them.
"I also know Dr. Beckwith, and have known him from my
boyhood; and I cheerfully state, with Bishop Ives, that his
character as a Christian gentleman and experienced physician,
entitles his testimony, in regard to the use of his Antidyspeptic
Pills, to the entire confidence of the Public.'
F. L. HAWKS."

From Governor Iredell.
"AUGUST 21. 1834.
"Dr. Beckwith's Antidyspeptic Pills have been used in my
family, which is a large one, with thle most beneficial effects. A
number of my friends who have been afflicted with dyspepsia
and other disorders of the stomach, have spoken to me in strong
terms of the relief they experienced from this remedy. With-
out the evidence I have received from others, my intimate
knowledge of the professional and private character of Dr.
Beckwith, for the last twenty years, justifies me in declaring
that he would give no assurances of facts of his own experience,
or of professional deductions, of which lie was not perfectly
confident, and on which tie Public might not safely rely.
"JAS. IREDELL."

From the Io6n. George E. Badger, LL. D.
"RALEIGH, Nov. 7, 1834.
"For several years past, Dr. Beckwith's Antidyspeptic Pills
have been used as a domestic medicine in my family. Ijiave
myself frequently used them for the relief of headache, acid,
and otherwise disordered stomach, resulting from imprudence
or excess in diet, and I have had many opportunities oflearning
from others their effects, when used by them for like purposes.
My experience and observation justify me in saying that the re-
lief afforded by the Pills is generally speedy, and almost al-
ways certain ; that they may be taken at any time without dan-
ger or inconvenience, and that their operation is attended by no
nausea or other disagreeable effects whatever; and though I
have known many persons use them, I have known none whodid
not approve them; none wlio sustained any injury, and none who
failed to derive benefit from their use. And, upon the whole, I
do not heslAate to recommend them as an agreeable, safe, and
efficaciouE remedy in dyspeptic affections, and believe them my-
self to be, the best antidyspeptic medicine ever offered to the
Public. "G. E. BADGER."

From the lion. Richard Hines, late member of Congress
from the Tarboro' district.
HERMITAGE, near Sparta, Edgecombe co. Nov. 10, 1834.
"I was severely afflicted for several years with dyspepsia,
jaundice, and general ill health. I called in the aid of emiUent
physicians, and visited most of the mineral springs of celebrity
in the United States, without any material benefit, until my case
was thought to be hopeless. Being compelled in the winter of
1824 to spend some weeks in Raleigh, I consulted Dr. Beck-
with, when he prescribed what is now known as Beckwith's
Antidyspeptic Pills,' by the use of which I soon became much
better. I continued to take them for some months, until ipy
health was entirely restored, to which they mainly contributed.
Another member of my family subsequently used them with
like benefit and success.
"Having been many years well acquainted with Dr. Beck-
with, I take pleasure in mentioning him as a gentleman of great
worth and intelligence, and of known and admitted science and
skill in his professions and in recommending his Antidyspeptic
Pills as a most valuable medicine to those afflicted with the
diseases I have mentioned.
"RICHARD HINES."


and the other creditors of said Passet.
And it appearing to the satisfaction of this Court, the heir or
heirs at law of said Passet, if any such there be, reside without
the jurisdiction of this Court, and most probably in France, it
is thereupon, this 29th day of November, 1837, by this Court
ordered, that notice of the substance and object of said bill be
given to the person or persons who is or are heir or heirs at
law of said Passet, by publishing a copy of this order ini the'
National Intelligencer once a week for six successive weeks
ensuing, the heir or heirs at law of said Passet to be and ap-
pear in the Clerk's office of this county at the rules therein to
he held on the first Monday of April next, then and there to
answer said bill, otherwise the same will be taken pro confesso
against them : the first publication of this order to appear at
least four months before said day.
By order of the Court :
Test: WM. BRENT, Clerk.
dec 4-law6w
cCULLOCHI'S COMMERCIAL DICTIONA-
RY, latest edition, is just received for sale by
F. TAYLOR.
Also, Loudon's Encycloptedia of Plants.
Loudon's EncyclopFdia of Gardening.
London's Encyclopedia of Agriculture.
London's Encyclopedia of Cottage, Farm,.and Villa Ar-
chitecture.
And many other valuable English editions.
FRNEXAS, in 1 volume, price 50 cents, describing the soil,
A productions, habits, advantages, &c. throughout those parts
most interest;ngto American settlers, 262 pages.
For sale by F. TAYLOR.
jan 8
'W OST, on the llth instant, between the Capitol and Pre-
sident's House, a small Pocket Book with between twen-
ty and thirty dollars, and several notes of hand, valuable to the
owner, and also a silver Fruit Knife in it. It had also written
in it, Mrs. Henrietta Nenner, No. 17 Harrison street, Baltimore.
A suitable reward will be given ifleft at Mrs. Auld's boarding-
house, Penn. Avenue. jan 12--3t
WONDERS OF THE UNIVERSE.-Wonders
of the Universe, Curiosities of Nature and Art, Won-
derful and Eccentric Characters of every age and nation, An-
ecdotes, Memoirs, Narratives, &c., in one octavo volume of 440
closely printed pages, handsomely bound, and illustrated with
engravings. Price $1 25. Just received, and for sale by
jan 12 F. TAYLOR.
S ILK VELVETS, SILKS, &C.-Just received-
?. 1 case assorted silk velvets for ladies' dresses.
1 n..o .-,cnrto silka. figured and plain


I
F OR SALE.-A First-rate Carriage and harness, and a
pair of well-watched carriage horses. They may be seen
at Smith's Livery stable, who will give any information that
may be desired, and will state the terms of sale.
dec 20-dtf
T~O CLAIMANTS.-FRANCIS A. DICKINS, of the
.It city of Washington, having resigned the appointment
held by him for several years in tlhe Treasury and War Depart-
ments, has undertaken the agency of claims before Congress,
and other branches of the Government, including commission-
ers under treaties, and the various public offices ; also, the pro-
curing of patents for public lands, prosecuting claims for servi-
ces in the Revolution, and for Navy pensions, and generally
such other business as may require the aid ofan agent at Wash-
ington. He will likewise attend to the prosecution of bounty
land claims upon the State of Virginia, and the recovery of
lands in Ohio which lave been sold for taxes.
Persons having, or supposing themselves to have claims, will,
on transmitting a statement of the facts, be advised of the pro-
per course of proceeding. His charge will be moderate, de-
pending upon the amount of the claim and the extent of the
service.
He is also agent for the American Life Insurance and Trust
Company, which has a capital of two millions of dollars paid in,
and for the Baltimore Fire Insurance Company.
Mr. F. A. DICKINS is known to most of thoae who have been
in Congress within the last few years, or who have occupied
any public situation at Washington.
His office is on Pennsylvania Avenue, adjoining the buildings
occupied by the Treasury Department, and opposite to those oc-
cupied by the Post Office Department.
All letters must be post paid. july 6--dly
RY GOODS.-As the season is advanced, we have
come to the determination to dispose of our entire stock
of Goods, at very reduced prices, which consists of-
Silks, Linens, Cloths, Cassimeres, Vestings
Hosiery, Gloves, Merinoes, Blankets
Calicoes, Sheeting, Diapers, Table Cloths
And a good assortment of Carpeting and Curtain Goods.
BRADLEY & CATLETT.
dec 30-eo3w (Glo.&Mad.)
S ADY BLESSINGTON'S MAGNIFICENT
S ANNUAL.-Gems of Beauty, displayed in a series
of 12 highly finished engravings of The Passions, from designs
by E. T. Parris, Esq. executed under the superintendence of
Mr. Charles Heath, with fanciful illustrations in verse, by the
COUNTESS OF BLESSINGTON. One splendid volume, imperial
quarto, superbly bound in rich figured silk, and gilt Turkey
morocco, in a variety of styles. The exquisite taste of the fair
editress is conspicuous in the perfection ofthis beautiful annual;
the illustrations, which include a wider range of subjects than
those of last year, have never been equalled for high finish and
delicacy of execution, and the general style of binding, and
"getting up," is such as to give it a decided superiority over
every other publication of the season.
THE AUTHORS OF ENGLAND, a series of Medallion
Portraits of modern literary characters, engraved from the
works of British artists, by Achille Collas, with illustrative no-
tices by Henry F. Chorley-one splendid royal quarto volume.
richly bound.
FLORA'S GEMS, or the choicest Treasures of the Parterre,
containing 12 bouquets of flowers, drawn and colored in the
most finished and delicate style, so as to equal first-rate draw-
ings, with poetical Illustrations, by Miss L. A. Twamley. Inm-
perial quarto, richly and appropriately bound in green and gold.
PEARLS FROM THE EAST, or Beauties of Lalla Rookh,
designed by Fanny Corbaux, drawn on stone by Louisa Cor-
baux, containing 12 splendid illustrations, on tinted paper, or
may be had superbly colored under the artist's inspection. Im-
perial quarto.
FLOWERS OF LOVELINESS-Twelve groups of female
figures, emblematic of Flowers, forming an assemblage of fe-
male beauty, designed by various artists, with poetical illustra-
tions, by L. E. L. Imperial quarto, handsomely bound in
moreen.
THE BOOK OF GEMS, 183S. The Poets and Artists of
Great Britain, edited by S. C. Hall. Third volume, completing
the work, and containing specimens and memoirs of the modern
Poets of Great Britain, and 43 exquisite Illustrations. 1 vol 8vo.
The same work for 1837 and 1836, altogether probably one of
the most attractive books in existence.
Also, over twenty Souvenirs, of various kinds not enumerated
above, English Bibles of all sizes, superb Prayer Books, Draw-
ing Books, and Albums, in great variety. Books of Engravings
of many different kinds, Gold Pencil Cases, Portfolios in splen-
did finding, Ladies' writing desks, Ladies' work Boxes, Bronze,
Inkstands. Motto Seals, Gentlemen's Dressing Cases, Colored
Toy Books.
Eooks for young People, Juvenile Souvenirs, &c. &c. with
many other articles suitable for the present season, in the great-
est variety and all at the lowest prices, for sale by
F. TAYLOR,
At the Waverly Circulating Library, immediately east of
Gadsby's Hotel. jan I
Circuit Court of the District of Columbia for the
County of Washingtou.a,_ Chancery*
Auguste R. Inieno ,
vs.
The Mayor, Board of Aldermen, and Board of Common Coun-
cil of the City of Washington, the heir or heirs at law of
Peter Passet, late of said city, deceased, and Paul Kinchey,
Administrator of said Passet.
HE bill in this case states that at a public sale of certain
lots in the city of Washington, held by the Corporation
of said city on the 3d April, 1826, by virtue of an act of Con-
gress entitled An act to authorize and empower the Corpora-
tion of the city of Washington, in the District of Columbia, to
drain the low grounds on and near the public reservations, and
to improve and ornament certain parts of such reservations,"
the said Passet, and one William Fadeuilhe, became the pur-
chasers of lot No. 31, in square A, in the said city, at the sum of
$532 87., on certain conditions of sale and improvement.
That they paid one-fifth of the purchase money in hand, and
the said Fadeuilhe shortly afterwards sold and assigned his
right, title, and interest in said lot to the said Passet, who paid
all the instalments of said purchase money, with the interest
thereon, which became due in his lifetime, as they became
due, and died some time in the year -, leaving the last two
Instalments of said purchase money unpaid, and indebted to the
complainant in the sum of $151 25, besides interest, and also
to divers other persons, leaving personal property insufficient to
pay his debts. That said Passet did not leave any known heir,
for devisee, capable of inheriting or taking the said lot or his
interest therein, and that he died intestate, and his heir or heirs
at law, if any such there be, most probably reside in ,
whence the said Fasset emigrated. The object of the bill is to
obtain a decree for thie sale (subject to said conditions of im-
provement) of all the right, title, and interest of said Passet, at
the time of his decease, and of his heir or heirs at law, if any
such there be, to said lot, for the payment of thie complainant


OTICE.-By virtue of an order from the Orphans'
Court of Charles county, Maryland, I hereby give notice
that I have obtained from said Court letters of administration on
the personal estate of Ann Maria Mur-dock. All persons hav-
ing claims against the said Ann Maria Murdock are hereby no-
tified to exhibit the same to the subscriber, on orbefore the 1st
of July next, or they may be excluded from all benefit of sNid
estate. PETER W. RAIN,
jan 3-w6w Administrator of Ann Maria Murdock.
T H IS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
hath obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington
county, in the District of Columbia, letters ofadministration on
the personal estate of William R. Maddox, late of Washington
county, deceased. All persons having claimsagainst the said de-
ceased are hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouch-
ers thereof, to the subscriber, on or before the 3d day of January
next; they inay otherwise by law be excluded from all be-
nefit of said estate. And all persons indebted to said estate
are hereby requested to make immediate payment.
Given under my hand this 3d day of January, eighteen hun-
dred and thirty-eight.
ELIZABETH F. MADDOX,
jan 4-w3w Administratrix.
AND FOR SALE.-The subscriber will sell at pri-
vate sale all or any portion of the real estate of the late
Thomas Cramphin, remaining unsold at this time, consisting of
several farms in Montgomery county, Maryland, distant only
ten or eleven miles from Washington City or Georgetown.
Any description of this property is deemed unnecessary, as
it is presumed that those wishing to purchase would examine
for themselves, and they are referred for any further informa-
tion on the subject, to Charles B. Calvert, National Hotel,
Washington City. GEORGE CALVERT,
sept 19-2awtf Trustee.
iARD CASES.-W. FISCHER has opened a very large
assortment of the handsomest Card and Needle Cases, of
silver, pearl, ivory, and tortoise-shell, that has ever been offer-
ed for sale in the city.
Y'RON'S WORK.S,--The works of Lord Byron, in-
.- c eluding the suppressed poems. Also, a Sketch of hi
Life, by J. W. Lake, complete in I vol. handsomely printed
and bound.
Cowper's and Thompson's Works.-The w orks to
Thompson and Cowper, including many letters and poems ne-
ver before published in this country, with a new interesting
memoir of the Life of I'hompson, complete in one volume.
The poetical works of Milton, Young, Gray, Beattie, and
Collins, complete in I volume.
The poetical works of Rogers, Campbell, I. Moitgomnery,
Lamb, and Kirk White, complete in 1 volume.
The works of Lawrence Sterne, with the Life of the Author,


I


L
T
1


YELLOW PINE AND WHITE OAK TIMBER.

NAVY COMMISSIONERS' OFFICE,
JANUARY 4, 1820.
ROPOSALS, sealed and endorsed, will be received at
this olfice until three o'clock P. M. on the third day of
February next, for the following Yellow Pine and White Oak
timber, deliverable at the Navy Yard, Gosport, Va.
No. 1. One set of yellow pine beams, for a frigate of the
first class.
No. 2. Two sets of yellow pine beams, for sloops of war,
first class.
No. 3. Twenty thousand cubic feet of yellow pine plank
stocks.
No. 4. Twenty thousand cubic feet of yellow pine plank
stocks.
No. 5. Twenty thousand cubic feet do. do. do.
No. 6. Twenty thousand cubic feet do do. do.
No. 7. Twenty thousand cubic feet do. do. do.
No. 8. Twenty thousand cubic feet white oak plank stocks.
The beam pieces and one half of the plank stocks to be d--
livered on or before the 30th April, 1839, and the other half of
the plank stocks on or before the 30th April, 1840.
Persons offering will make their offers separately for tile
quantities and kind of timber embraced in any of the albo e
numbers, and they will be considered and doc ied independ-
ently of each other.
Schedules of the beam pieces will be furnished on applica-
tion to the Commissioners of the Navy, or to the Comlniandant
of the Navy Yard, Gosport, Virginia.
The yellow pine beam pieces and plank stocks must be ti:e
best quality long leaf fine grain, heart, Soultern yellow pine
timber. The white oak plank stocks mu st lhe of the tbePt
quality, and must have grown on lands situated near to salt
water, or within the influence of the sea air; and the whitc oak
and yellow pine plank stocks must have been girdlett or felled
between the twentieth day of October and the twentieth day
of March next preceding the deliveries; 'all of which must
be proved to the satisfaction of the commanding officer of ihe
said Navy Yard, Gosport, Virginia.
All the said timber must be free from sap, heart shakes,
wind shakes, and all other defects.
The plank'stocks must average forty-five feet in lenrmil, and
none of them must be less than thirty-five feet long; tlie wlhiite
oak plank stocks must square not lessthan fourteen inches at
the but, and may square one-fourth less at the top ; the yellow
pine plank stocks must square notlessthan fourteen, nor more
than sixteen, inches at the but, and may square one-fifth less
at the top.
Ten per centum will be withheld froi the amount of each
delivery made, as collateral security, in addition to the bonds
given, to secure the performance of the respective contracts,
which will in no event be paid until the ccatracts are complied
with in all respects.
Ninety per centum will be paid within tIirty days after the
bills for the timber shall be approved and presented to the
Navy Agent.
All of the said timber must be subject to inspection and
measurement by the inspector and measurerof timber at the
said Navy Yard, Gosport, or by such other person or persons
as may be designated by the Commissionersof the Navy for
the performancepf that duty; and in all casesthe timber must
be in all respects to the acceptance and satisfaction of the com-
manding officer of the said Navy Yard, and approved by him.
jan 6-d
l-To be published in the National Intelligencer, Globe,
Army and Navy Chronicle, Baltimore Republican, Norfolk
Herald, Norfolk Beacon, Raleigh Star, and Nevbern Sentinel.
O'NEILL'S ANTI-RHEUMA'TIC MEDI-
CINE.-The transcendent merits of thiz preparation, its
sanative powers and unparalleled efficacy in thecure of Rheu-
matism, &c. have voluntarily drawn forth the plaudits of than-
sands, who by its use have been restored from pain and torture,
stiffness and decrepitude, to ease, strength, activity, and vigor-
ous health.
For sale by WM. GUNTON, only agent for the District.
jan 6-eol9t
Charles County Court, August Term, 1837.
O RDERED by the Court, that the creditors of Charles Fer-
rall, a petitioner for the benefit of the insolvent laws of
the State of Maryland, be and appear before the Judges of
Charles County Court on the third Monday of March next, to
appoint a Trustee for their benefit, and show cause, if any they
have, why the said Charles Ferrall shall not have the benefit
of said acts. Provided a copy of this order be inserted in sothe
newspaper published in the District of Columbia, once a week
for two months before said third Monday of March next.
True copy-Test: JOHN BARNES,
jan 6--w2m -Clerk of Charles county Court.
P ARLEY'S UNIVERSAL IIISTORY.-Peter
Parley's'Universal History, on the basis of Geography, for
the use of families ; illustrated by maps and engravings, 2 vo(s.
square 16mo. royal.
This work is an attempt to present an outline of UniversaL.
History in a form so attractive and agreeable as to accomplia'
the desirable object of imprinting on the minds of youthsj.
bright'-rd f,.M ,cobr- '"""'s --i of
kind. The aut or has endeavored to avoid bewildering c itrl',,t?--
ness on the one hand, and repulsive chronological brevity oa
the other, and to present, in a small compass, a continuous tal'
of the great human family-one that may be both comprehen-
sible and entertaining to the young reader. The work is print-
ed and bound in a superior manner. Just published and for
sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
nov 10- R. FARNHAM.
G OLD PENCIL CASES.-A large assortment of
Gold and Silver Everpoint Pencil Cases, Addison & Co's.
improved manufacture, just received and for sale at very low
prices at GARRET ANDERSON'S
Book, Stationery, and Fancy Store, between llth & 12th
streets, Pennsylvania Avenue. jan 8-3t
IN CHANCERY, '9th DECEMBER, 1831.
O RDERED, That the sales of the real estate of Samuel
Childs, deceased, made and reported by John D. Bow-
ling, the trustee, be ratified and confirmed, unless cause to the
contrary be shown before the first day of March, 1838 : Pro-
vided, That a copy of this order be published in some newspa-
per at least once in each of three successive weeks before the
29th day of January, 1838.
The report states the amount of said sales to be $4,881.
True copy-test: RAMSAY WATERS.
jan 2-law3w Reg. Cur. Can.

FIPHE TOKEN FOR 1838, beautifully embellished
and enlarged to the size of Jennings's Landscape Annual,
and bound in a superior manner in goat-skin morocco; and, as
it regards mechanical execution, and its literary merits, far sur-
passes any of its predecessors. For sale between 9th and 10th
streets, Pennsylvania avenue. R. FARNHAM.