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Daily national intelligencer
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073214/00013
 Material Information
Title: Daily national intelligencer
Alternate title: National intelligencer
Sunday national intelligencer
Physical Description: v. : ; 50-60 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Gales & Seaton
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C.
Creation Date: January 17, 1838
Publication Date: 1813-
Frequency: daily (except sunday)[feb. 6, 1865-]
daily[ former 1813-feb. 5, 1865]
daily
normalized irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microform from Readex Microprint Corp., and on microfilm from the Library of Congress.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1, 1813)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1869.
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended Aug. 24-30, 1814.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02260099
lccn - sn 83026172
System ID: UF00073214:00013
 Related Items
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. : 1810)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Succeeded by: Washington express
Succeeded by: Daily national intelligencer and Washington express

Full Text

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WASHINGTON: WEDNESD'A-', JANUARY 17, 1838.


PUBLISHED BY
GALES & SEASON.

PRICE,
For a year, ten dollars-for six months, six dollars.
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
Those subscribing for a year, who do not, either at tlie time of
oJering the'paper, or subsequently, give notice of their wish
to have the paper discontinued at the expiration of their year,
Will be presumed as desiring its continuance until counter-
manded, and it will be continued accordingly, at the option of
the Editors.

BANK OF THE METROPOLIS, JAN. 1, 1838.
THE Board of Directors have declared a dividend of
4 per cent. for the last half year.
jan 2-3taw2w GEO. THOMAS, Cashier.
S D. KING& JOHN WILSON, Land and Gene-
ral Agents, Washington city, D. C. Cffice in the rooms
lately occupied by the Bank of the Metropolis, corner of F and
15th streets. dec 14-dt6m
WILLIAM C. DONELAN,
Miniature Painter,
North side of Pennsylvania Avenue, one, door west of 12th st.
jan 6-eolm


A CATALOGUE OF REASONS for using Dr.
Peters's celebrated Vegetable Pills.
1. Because they are exceedingly popular, which proves them
to be exceedingly good.
2. Because they are composed of simples which have the
power to do good in an immense number of cases, without pos-
sessing the means to do injury in any.
3. Bectuse they are not a quack medicine, but the scientific
compound of a regular physician, who has made his profession
the study of his life.
4. Because they are not unpleasant to take, nor disl'essing
to retain, while they aie most effective to operate.
5. Because they are recommended as a standard medicine
by the regular faculty.
6. Because, by keeping the system in a natural state of ac-
tion, they cure almost every disease which the human frame is
incidental to.
7. Because they are cheap and portable, and will retain all
their virtues in full vigor, in any climate, and for any length of
me.
8. Because, notwithstanding their simplicity and mildness,
they are one of the speediest purgative medicines which has
yet been discovered.
9. Because they are an unfailing remedy for procuring a
good appetite.
10. Because in cases of spleen or despondency, by their
healthy influence on the excited state of the body, they have a
most happy effect in calming and invigorating the mind.
11. Because they effect their cures without the usual attend-
ants of other pills, sickness and gripings.
12. Because, as well as being an unrivalled purifier of the
general system, they are a sovereign remedy for sick headache.
13. Because they differ from the majority of medicines in
the fact that the more they are known the more they are ap-
proved.
14.-Because, as their application produces no debility in the
system, they may be taken without producing any hindrance to
business or the usual pursuits of every day life.
15, and lastly. Because they are acknowledged to be an al-
most infallible remedy for bilious fever, fever and ague, dyspep-
sia, liver complaints, jaundice, asthma, dropsy, rheumatism, en-
largement of the spleen, lowness ofspirits, piles, colic, heart-
burn, nausea, distension of the stomach and bowels, flatulencei
habitual costiveness, loss of appetite, blotched or sallow com-
plexion, and in all cases of torpor of the bowels, where a mild
but effective medicine may be requisite.
In short, the general voice of the community has decided
thatpr. PETERS'S Vegetable Pills are one of the happiest dis-
coveries of inodern days, and altogether unrivalled as a general
soother of bodily afflictions. Prepared by Joeeph Priestly Pe-
S- M. D No. Fl 2 -. -
tains 40 pills. Price cents.
Be careful and inquire for Peters's Vegetable Pills; they
are sold by all the principal druggists in Washington, Alexan-
.'.ria, Georgetown, and Baltimore.
jan 8-eo6m
ILANK BOOKS.-The most extensive assortment of
Blank Books of every description, made of the best mate-
rials by a first-rate workman, is constantly for sale at Stationers'
Hall, at prices the most reasonable.
jan 12 W. FISCHER.
NEW CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, AND VEST-
INGS, which will be made up in the best manner, very
cheap. BRADLEY & CATLETT.
jan 6-eo2w (Globe)
THE DEMOCRATIC REVIEW, No. 2-Will be
this morning issued, and can be procured at
F. TAYLOR'S Bookstore,
jan 3 Immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel.
T HE' YOUNG WIFE, or Duties of Woman in the
S Marriage Relation; by Wm. A. Alcott, author of the
Young Mother, Young Man s Guide, and House I Live in, and
editor of the Library of Health. For sale between 9th and 10th
streets, Pennsylvania avenue. R. FARNHAM.
dec 11
W WALKING CANES AND WHIPS.-A large
assortment of canes ard whips, comprising almost every
description of both'articles, of the best quality and at the lowest
prices. For sale at the old snuff, tobacco and fancy store, be-
tween 11th and 12th streets, Penhsylvania avenue.
jan 8 LEWIS JOHNSON.
ANTED, a situation as teacher, by a graduate of an
European university, who has been engaged in that
profession in this country during the last eight years. Ample
recommendations for strict morality and sound ability to in-
struct in the Greek, Latin, and English languages, and in all
the mathematical and other branches of education necessary
for admission into any of the advanced classes of the American
colleges and universities,will be exhibited from private families,
and trustees of academies in the neighboring States in which
the advertiser has taught, besides testimonials from the uni-
versity in which he graduated. Any commands addressed to B,
C, E, through the city post office, will be immediately attend-
ed to. jan 2-5t3taw
DDISON'S PENCIL CASES.-The most exten-
sive assortment of Addison's superior Gold and Silver
Pencil Cases is constantly kept for sale at Stationers' Hall, at
prices from 50 cents to 20 dollars each.
jan 10 (Adv.) V. FISCHER.
B URTON'S COMIC SONGSTER-For sale be-
tween Ninth and Tenth streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
dec 30 R. FARNHAM.
IREWOOD FOR SALE.-From one to two thou-
sand cords of the best F.rewood for sale, on reasonable
terms, about from one to two miles from Georgetown Ferry, on
the west side of the river. The wood either cut and corded, or
standing, to suit purchasers. Apply to J. WV. Minor, Esq. at
the Glebe House, in the vicinity, or to the subscriber, in this
city. JOHN P. VAN NESS.
jan 5-tf
WANTED.-South Carolina, Alabama, and Mississippi
Bank Notes, and Bank Checks, or Certificates of De-
posite. Also, New Orleans Funds. Apply to
W. S. NICHOLLS,
Pennsylvania Avenue.
Treasury Notes bought and sold at current rates.
dec 27-3wd
L OCKHART'S LIFE OF SCOTT,vols. 4 and 5,
Boston edition, with a Portrait of Scott. For sale between
9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
jan 5 R. FARNHAM.
TORTOISE SHELL AND OTHER COMBS.-
The subscriber has this day received from the manufacto-
ry an invoice of newest fashion Shell and other Combs, con-
sisting of Twist, Tuck, Narrow Top, Side, Neck, &c.
Also, Backgammon Boards, complete
Graces, Battledcres and other Games of exercise


Superior Bead Bags, Long Silk Purses
Fine Pen and Pocket Knives
Best Rodgers's Scissors, &c. &c. for sale at the lowest


WASHINGTON CANAL STEAMBOAT COM-
PANY.-This company has declared a dividend on
the capital stock thereof, which will be paid (to stockholders)
on application at the Patriotic Bank, on and after Tuesday next,
the 16th instant. A. B. WALLER,
.an 13-3t Chair'n Corn. ofLManagement.
ANTED IMMEDIATELY.-Two or three smart
active boys; one to wait in the house, and the others to
work out doors. They must be well recommended. Those
from the country will be preferrQd. Aprly to the
jan 13-3t STEWARD COLUMBIAN COLLEGE.
OHN PRIVAtJX, Cook to the late President Jackson,
would most respectfully a nounce to the citizens of Wash-
ington that he has established himself permanently between
tle Six and Seven buildings, directly opposite the West Market,
and is ready at all times to wait upon those who need his ser-
vices as a skilful and professed cook, either at their dwellings
or his own Restaurant. From his long experience, he flatters
himself competent to give general satisfaction, and at the same
time his charges will be moderate. jan 13-eo3'v
~IANOS.-Additional supply of superior German
SPianos.-Just received, three more of those splendid
instruments, of the same quality as those I have heretofore sold.
The tone of these pianos is powerful and sweet, their cases of
superior curled mahoganyvwih pillars and stands of the new-
est pattern; also, on hand, two more of the same quality. I
will sell these as low as instruments of such superior quality
can be bought in the United States. Old Pianos received in
part pay. RICHARD DAVIS,
jan 13-3t Fairfax street, Alexandria.
FIRST RATE SADDLE AND HARNESS
HORSES FOR SALE.-Just arrived from the North
ten first rate Horses, all well broken to single and double har-
ness, among which are three pairs of very superior matches,
not to be surpassed by any in the city.
Gentlemen wishing to purchase .will please to call at the Na-
tional Hotel Livery Stables, where they can be seen.
jan 13-3t
ETERS' VEGETABIALE PILLS, having stood
the test of experience, are recommended to the Public as
a cheap and superior family medicine. When taken according
to the directions accompanying them, they are highly beneficial
in the prevention and cure of bilious fevers, fever and ague, dys-
pepsia, liver complaints, sich headache, jaundice, asthma, drop-
sy, rheumatism, enlargement of the spleen, piles, cholic, female
obstructions, heartburn, nausea, furred tongue, distension of the
stomach and bowels, incipient diarrhea, flatulence, habitual
costiveness, loss of appetite, blotched or sallow complexion, and
in all cases of torpor of the bowels, where a cathartic or an ape-
rient is needed.
They are exceedingly mild in their operation, producing nei:
other nausea, griping, nor debility.
Prepared by Joseph Priestly Peters, M. D., at his Institu-
tion for the cure of obstinate diseases by means of vegetable
remedies, No. 129, Liberty street, New York.
Each box contains 4) pills. Price 50 cents.
For sale by S. J. TODD, C. STOTT, T. WATKINS, WM.
GUNTON, JOHN F. CALLAN, and F. H WARD, Wash-
ington; and by WM. STABLER, C. FARQUHAR, and WM.
HARPER, Alexandria; and in Georgetown, by O. M. LIN-
THICUM. ap 8--coly


R APPAHANNOCK ACADEMY.-This institution
will be opened again on the 15th of January next, under
the superintendence of its present Principal, Mr. C. A. LEWIs.
The course of instruction will be extensive, embracing the
Latin, Greek, and French languages, History, Mathematics,
the theory and practice of Surveying, the elements of Chem-
istry, and Natural Philosophy; together with those branches
which constitute a good English education. In the discharge
of the laborious duties of his station, the principal will be aided
by his present assistant, Mr. BUCKNER, and also by Mr. VAW
DOREw, a graduate of Princeton College, and highly recom-
mended by the Faculty of that institution. The discipline of
the school, though strict, will be parental and affectionate, and
every exertion used to promote the moral and intellectual cul-
ture of those committed to its care. The superior advantages
of this institution, as a suitable plece for tba in Fr .-.t,
boari, tuition, washing, &c. wilt the exception I 'ed, bedding,
towels, and candles, will be $120; for bed and b4~ ing, if fur-
nished, the charge will be $6.
Letters addressed to the Principal, at the Rappahannock
Academy, will receive prompt attention.
RICHARD BUCKNER, Jr.
JOHN TAYLOR, Jr. Trustees.
WILLIAM P. TAYLOR,
dec 16-2awlmo
ONCORD ACADEMY.-The exercises of this sem-
inary for the year 1838 will commence on the 1st of Feb-
ruary, and terminate on the 30th of November.
The price of board and tuition, including washing, bedding,
and fuel, will be $100 for a session of five months, payable in
advance. The course of instruction embraces the languages
and sciences generally, and is designed to prepare students
thoroughly for colleges and universities. There are at present
a few vacancies, which it will be desirable to fill with youths
whose educations are intended to be on a liberal scale.
In announcing the intention of resuming the duties of their
vocation, the subscribers tender Iheir acknowledgments to their
patrons for the grateful sense which they manifest of the im-
provement of their sons and wards. As to the general charac-
ter of the institution, reference is made to Professors Bonny-
castle, Harrison, Emmet, Tucker and Davis, of the University
of Virginia.
The seminary is easy of access to students coming from the
North or from the South, being situated about three miles from
the Richmond and Fredericksburg Railroad.
Letters addressed to either of the subscribers, and directed
to Concord Academy, Caroline county, will be promptly attend-
ed to. A. C. COLEMAN,
F. W. COLEMAN,
dec 21-d&clm J. D. COLEMAN.
N EW BOOKS.-The Youth's Letter Writer, or the
Epistolary Art made plain and easy to beginners, through
the examples of Henry Moreton. By Mrs. John Farrar.
The American Frugal Housewife, dedicated to those Nwho are
not ashamed of economy. By Mrs. Child.
Three Experiments of Living: Living within the Means,
Living up to the Means, Living beyond the Means.
Seqiiel to Three Experiments of Living.
Stories from Real Life, designed to teach trucIndependence
and Domestic Economy. A fresh supply, just received and
for sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
dec 18 R. FARNHAM.
V IE DE WASHINGTON. -The Life of Gen. Geo.
Washington, in French, by A. N. Girault. For sale be-
tween 9th and 10th streets, Penn. Avenue.
nov 3 R. PAIINHAM.
ASH FOR NEGROES.-I win give cash and liberal
prices for young and likely negroes of both sexes. I can
be found at Mr. Thomas Lloyd's steamboat hotel, on Seventh
street, opposite the Centre Market House, in the City of Wash-
ington. All letters (post paid) will be punctually attended to.
jan 10-eo7t JILSON DOVE.
RITISHi DRAMA,in two large octavo volumes, hand-
somely printed, and well bound, with engravings, con-
taining one hundred and twelve of the best Plays in the Eng-
lish language. Price $4 50, (equivalent to about 4 cents for
each Play.) For sale by
jan 10 F. TAYLOR.
RESH GARDEN & GRASS SEEDI STORE,
at the old established stand, M'Mahon's, 17
south Second street, Philadeiphia.-The subscriber in-
forms his friends and the Public generally, that he has received
his new crop entire of Garden and Grass Seeds, which he war-
rants to be equal, if not superior, to any articles of the kind of-
fered to the Public.
He has also for sale, at his Nursery, on the township line
road, above the first gate on the Germantown turnpike, a choice
collection of Fruit and Ornamental Trees, many of the latter
suitable for street planting, together with a great variety of gar-
den shrubbery.
Also, a choice collection of Double Dahlias, which he will war-
rant to be true to name and color.
Also, several thousand Macluras, or Osage Apple, or Orange
Trees, suitable for hedges, together with a great variety of hot-
house and green-house plants, all of which will be sold as rea-
sonable as they can be purchased in any part of the United
States.
Orders left at the store, 17 south Second street, or the In-
dian Queen Hotel, 15 south Fourth street, will be promptly at-
tnrla to


JUST RECEIVED.-
Elegant black Lace Veils
Thread Laces
do Edgings
do Insertings
Swiss Edgings
do Insertings
Muslin Bands
superior Linen-Cabric Handkerchiefs
Book and Swiss Muslins
Colored Straw Bonnets, &c.
jan 16-3t WM. & GEO. STETTINIUS.
T1O TIlE LADIES OF WASHINGTON.-Mrs.
SBLAKEY, of Baltimore, corset maker, from London, will
exhibit her celebrated Corsets for sale, for a few days, com-
mencing on Tuesday, the 16th inst. at Miss Attridge's, dress
maker, over Mr. Beardsley's confectionary store, Pennsylvania
avenue, near 12th street, where the ladies may avail them.
selves of the opportunity to purchase.
jan 13-3t
AALE OF GENTEEL FURNITURE-By Ed-
ward Dyer.-Oir Frijay next, the 19th instant, at IH
o'clock A. M., I shall sell, at the residence of Mr. Samuel L.
Willson, on Capitol Hill, B street north, near the residence of
Colonel William Brent, the furniture of his Boarding establish-
ment, consisting in part of-
Mahogany Sideboard, Brass Andirons and Fenders
Cane-seat and other Chairs, gilt set Dessert China
Cut Celeries, Ivory handle Knives and Forks
Handsome Tureen, &c., Damask French Napkins
Hall Lampspassage and stair Carpeting and Rods
With high-post and French Bedsteads, very superior Beds,
made in the family, Mattresses, Marseilles Quilts, Blankets and
Comfortables, of best quality ; with several excellent Chamber
Carpets, Bureaus, Toilet Glasses, Washstands, Basins and Pit-
chers, with many other articles desirable to housekeepers, and
not necessary to be enumerated.
There will also be added, a first-rate double-barrelled Fowl-
ing Piece, and an excellent Violin.
Terms ofsale: For all sums of and under $20, cash ; over $20,
a credit of 60 days; purchasers giving notes, with approved
endorsers. EDWARD DYER,
jan 16-TuTh&F Auctioneer.
ENTEEL FURNITURE, &c. by E. DYER.
On Thursday next, the 18th instant, at 1 o'clock A. M.
1 shall sell, at the resid nee of the Rev. Mr. Hanson, on 10th
street, between 1) and Estreets, [east side,J all his household
and kitchen Furniture, consisting, in part, of excellent in-
grain parlor and chamber Carpets and Rugs, and cane-seat
and other Chairs; Andirons, Shovels, Tongs, and Fender;
handsome mantel Glass; straw Matting, &c.; an excellent
eight-day Time Piece; mahogany Tables; step Carpet and
Rods; French-post maple Bedsteads, excellent Beds and Bed-
ding; Bureaus, toilet Glasses, Washstands, Basins, and
Ewers ; Wardrobe, &c. with a good assortment of kitchen
utensils, amongst them an excellent Cooking Stove, (ten-
plate,) with two boilers, large size. Also a lot of Wood in the
yard. Terms at sale. EDW. DYER,
jan 16-3t Auctioneer.

T HE Subscriber will rent the house in which he
at present resides. It is situated on the corner of 6th and
D streets, and is immediately west of the Unitarian Church.
The house is in a very pleasant neighborhood, and has every
convenience attached to it which could be desired. It is thought
unnecessary to give a particular description, as the person wish-
ing to rent would view the premises. To a careful and punctual
tenant, the rent will be moderate. For further particulars apply
at the City Hall to WM. HEWITT.
'an 16-3t (Globe)
A BOLMAR'S INSTITUTION FOR BOYS,
West Chester.-The above school, for the education
and instruction of Boys, is located in the boroughof West Ches-
ter, Chester county, Penn., within about four hours' ride of
Philadelphia, by the Columbia Railroad.
Tlie btildiigs. have been planned "omplcted ex; ,
for a Bo?-di-Sgcebl -


e number ot boarders ias varied between sixty and eighty,
front different parts of the country, principally from Philadel-
phia, where A. BOLMAR has been known as an instructor of
youths for many years.
The pupils are advanced, as rapidly as their intelligence per-
mits, in the knowledge of such branches as fully prepare them
for college or for a mercantile life.
The most particular attention is paid to the morals, health,
manners, and personal neatness of the pupils.
No boarder is ever permitted to leave the premises without
permission.
No new pupils are received over fourteen years of age.
As there is in West Chester a place of worship for almost
every religious sect, pupils are accompanied or sent on Sundays
to any one that parents or guardians designate.
The school year consists of four quarters, of eleven and a half
weeks each. There is a vacation of three weeks in April, and
another likewise of three weeks in October. If desired, any
boarder may remain at the school during the vacations.
The course of instruction comprises Orthography, Reading,
Writing, Arithmetic, Geography, the use of the Globes, Eng-
lish Grammar, English Composition, History, Book-Keeping,
Algebra, Geometry, Mensgration, and Surveying; the Latin,
Greek, French, Spanish, and Germanlanguages.
During the winter, Lectures on tire Elements of Natural Phi-
losophy, Chemistry, and Astronomy, are delivered to the pupils
at such time as does not interfere with their other studies, and
by this means they get some valuable information during a time
which is generally spent in idleness in most boarding schools.
The charge for each boarder is $250 per annum, payable quar-
terly in advance. This sum is in full for tuition in all the above
branches-except in French, Spanish, and Gernan-for Board-
ing, Lodging, Washing, Fuel and Light, including also the use
of Bedding, Maps, Globes, and of Books for reading.
Pupils studying French, Spanish, or German, pay for each
$50 extra per annum.
Drawing $10 per quarter.
Tire Principal is assisted in the discharge of the duties of his
school by Messrs. H. B. PEARSON, JAMES A. KEECH, THOMAS
COSGROVE, CHAS. BURTON, Louis BEER, M. GOLE, and F. LE
BARBIER.
REFERENCES.
In Philadelphia.-Rev. Samuel B. Wylie, D. D., *A. D
Bache, Henry Reed, Professors in the University ofPennsylva-
nia; Charles Picot, *Matthew Carey, *S. Jaudon, *Peter Gra-
ham, *Gerard Ralston, *Ashbal Ralston, A. de Valville, Robert
Walsh, Esquires; *Professor Walter R. Johnson; *John M.
Brewer, M. D.; M. E. Hersan, Esq. French Consul; *John
Swilt, Esq. Mayor of Philadelphia ; Hon. John Sergeant; *Hon.
Joseph Barnes ; John K. Mitchell, M. D. ; Peter S. Duponceau,
*H. D. Gilpin, Henry Toland,,S. C. Walker, *John Frost,
*Manuel Eyre, Esquires ; James Rush, M. D. ; *Hon. George
M. Dallas; *John M. Scott, Esq.; George McClellan, M. D.;
S. Calhoun, M. D.; Professor Jacob Gieen; *John M. Read,
*Clement C. Biddle, *Moses Kempton, Esquires; *Hon. Win.
Duane; Colonel Wm. Draytou; Charles J. Ingersoll, Esq.;
*Wm. Gibson, M. D.; *Robert E. Griffith, M. I).; J. J. Van-
derKemp, *Coliman Fisher, *P. J. Van Hall, *Isaac Harvey,
*Wm. Read, *Henry C. Carey, Esqrs.; Samuel Jackson, M.
D. ; Philip M. Price, M. D.; John Bell, M. 1).; *Isaac Lea,
*Jacob Gilliams, *Isaac Roach, John Laval, *Charles Chaun-
cey, Joseph R. Ingersoll, Esqrs. ; *Isaac Hays, M.D.; N. Shoe-
maker, M. D.; *General Patterson; *Joseplh G. Nancrede, M.
D.; Eli K. Price, Esq. ; *Thomas Harris, M.D. ; *Algernon
S. Roberts, Henry White, *John Stewart, *Win. B.Fling,
*Durden B. Carter, Esqrs. ; *Col. Joln G. Watmnough; *Con-
dy Raguet, *Thomas U. Walter, *Samuel H. Carpenter, *L.
Kimball, Esqrs.; and *Pablo Chacon, Esq., Consul General of
Spain.
In Burlington, N. J.-Right Rev. G. W. Doane, D, D.
In West Chester.-*Wim. Darlington, M.D. ; *Ziba Fyle,
Esq. ; Isaac Thomas, M.. D.; *John V. Townsend, *David
Townsend, *Nathan H. Sharpless, *Townsend Haines, Esqrs.;
*Wilmer Worthington, M. I). ; *W. H. Dillinghaii, Esq.
In Pittsburgh.-*Hon. T. B.Dallas and *H. Bonnet, Esq.
In Washington, D. C.-W\m. S. Derrick, Esq.
In 'Virginia.-*Wm. Burke, Esq., Red Sulphur Springs.
*John Dunn and *Benjamin Jones, Esqrs., Petersburg.
In Charleston, S. C.-Dr. Wilkinson.
In Georgia.-*Hon. Langdon Cheves, *Isaac Minis, *M.
Myers, *Robert Hazlehurst, *Peter Wiltberger, Esqrs.; Geo.
Jones, M. D.
In Louisiana.--*IIugo C. Gildenicestcr, *Richard Bein,
*John D. Bein, *Wm. McKean, and *Henry McCall, Esqrs.
N. B.-Thle Principal of the institution here announced either
taught in the famiilies of the above named gentlemen before


TIHIE CHRISTIANI STATESMAN, devoted to the
M promotion of just views in Literature Humanity
Liberty,- Politics, African. Colonization, and Religion.
Th-r~ v' R. R. GURLEY, Editor.
The undersigned propose to establish in the City of Wash-
ington, ilder the editorial direction of the Rev. R. R. Gurley,
a weeklytpaper, adapted to promote just views in Morals, Man-
ners, GOPernment, and Religion, and which, separate from
the selfil conflicts of ambition, and the uncharitable controver-
sies of sictarianism, shall contribute to unite all Patriots and
Christiagp in the accomplishment of objects for the good of our
country,,the benefit of humanity, and the glory of God. It
will be i tr endeavor, through the aid of our able and efficient
editor, tW make this journal worthy the patronage of the Amer-
ican People. The c~aue of African Colonization will be ad-
vocated s meriting the united,-immediate, earnest, and liberal
support 'bf this nation. A summary of general intelligence
will be given weekly; and, during the session, a condensed re-
port of tdi proceedings of both Houses of Congress, and a brief
view of public affairs. In fine, no means will be neglected of
presenting to the Publio through the columns of the Statesman,
such inf-'mation, facts, -and arguments, on the topics which
most oco ~,y the minds of the wise and good in this country and
age, as ,ay tend to advance the great cause of humao im-
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spect a valuable family newspaper.
CONDITIONS.
The C4 ISTIAN STATESMAN will be published in the City of
.Wshing n, every Friday morning, on an imperial sheet, at $3
per annuj, payable in advance. Individuals transmitting the
amount lfi- five or more papers, shall receive them at $2 50
each, per annum.
The first number will be issued in the first week in Februa-
ry, 1838.
jr All communications relating to subscriptions, and the
financial affairs of this journal, to be addressed to ETTER &
BAYNE, publishers of the Christian Statesman, Washington
City, D. C. Those relating to the editorial department, to the
Rev. R. R. GURLEY, editor, &c.
JOSEPH BETTER,
dec 30- WILLIAM H. BAYNE.
OYSTERS, TERRAPINS, AND VENISON.-
The subscriber has just received a large supply of re-
markably 1ine Newark Oysters, to which he invites the atten-
tion of lovers of this delicious shellfish. He has also got some
immense FLockfish, the finest ever brought to this market.
His larddr will be found well supplied with Terrapins, Veni-
son, and otAer delicacies. J. BOULANGER.
jan 15-3t (Globe)
N EW MAHOGANY FURNITURE, MANTEL
and Pier Glasses, Piano, &c.-I have just received
for private sale-
3 ne mahogany Sideboards,
Seven al new mahogany toilet and plain Bureaus,
Secretary, and Bookcase,
1 doven mahogany hair seat Chairs,
2 dosen maple cane seat do
Mab gany dining and card Tables,
A beautiful maple centre Table,
Hair 'eat Sofas, new and second hand,
One new and one second-hand Piano-Forte,
Large gilt mantel and pier Glasses, French and
German plates,
With a grept variety of mahogany mantel and pier Glasses, all
sizes, all of which will be sold at reduces prices for cash. A
few shares National Theatre Stock, fully paid up, for sale.
-W EDWARD DYER,
jan 15-31t Auctioneer and Commission Merchant.
G OUG ON BANKING.-A short history of paper
money and banking in the United States, including an
account of 4ovincial and Continental paper money; to which
is prefixed 1 inquiry into the principles of the system, &c.
Also, an i qiiry into the expediency of dispensing with bank
agency ano hank paper in the fiscal concerns of the United
States. By Win. M. Gouge.
A fresh.s ip',' just received and for sale, between 9th and
10th street. enue. / R. FARNHAM.


nations, ,
for sale.
Or f.ow, .ion among the subscribers to theWaverlcy Cir-
culating Lib r. jan 15 '
ig CHO(C BOOKS.--The subscriber is constantly re-
ceiving jmnthe publishers, at the North, a great variety
of School 8ooi in every department, and which will be sold
at the sam 9 p,\ Aas if bought from the publishers.
Parents apne, lrs will find it to their advantage to examine
the books, afdd leral discount always made when bought by
the quantity. R. FARNHAM.
At the School and Juvenile Book Store, between 9th and 10th
streets, Penn. avenue. jan 15
RESHI FLORIDA WATER.-Just received from t
the laboratory of the original inventor Laroque, and for
sale at the old Snuff, lTobacco, and Fancy Store, between 11th
and 12th streets, Pennsylvania avenue, L. JOHNSON.
P. S. A general assortment of fresh Perfumeries, Toilette
Soaps, &c. %or sale at the lowest prices, as above. jan 15
FLOUR, CORN, &c.-
S 200 barrels Flour, Clagelt's brand,
300 do do different brands,
1,000 do Corn,
3,000 bushels ground Alum Salt,
800 tons Plaster,
S In store and for sale by W. SMOOT,
jan 15-7t Georgetown.
T HIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
hath obtained from the Orphans' Court .of Charles
county, letters of administration on the personal estate of
Henry Davidson, late of Charles county, Md. deceased. All per-
sons having claims against the said deceased are hereby
warned to exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof, to the
subscriber, at or before the 20th day of August next ; they may
otherwise by law be excluded from all benefit of said estate.
Given under my hand this 5th day of December, 1837.
JOHN H. DAVIDSON,
Administrator of Henry Davidson, deceased.
dec 9--w4w
HIIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
has obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington
County, in the District of Columbia, letters of administration
de bonis non, with the will annexed, on the personal estate of
David Bates, late of Washington county, deceased. All per-
sons having claims against the deceased are hereby warned
to exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof, to the sub-


scriber, of or before the 5th day of January next; they may
otherwise,; by'law, be excluded from all benefit of said estate.
Given under my hand, this 5th day of January, 1838.
i DANIEL C. DIGGES,
jan 6-w3w AdministratorD. B. N. W. A.
I(.LOUR.-100 bbls. white wheat Fauiily Flour, very su-
.m. periur,
85 bbls. Pennsylvania mountain wheat Flour,
300 do. superfine Flour, most approved brands,
100 do. scratched or fine Flour.
In store, and for sale by W. T. COMPTON,
jan ll-w3t Water street, Georgetown.


JUST RECEIVED)-
3 hhda. and 5 bbls. Whiskey
4 bales Marseilles Almonds
2 (to English Walnuts
2 dd Filberts
8 baskets Champagne, key and other brands
3 casls Dunbar's Brown Stout
10 keg~ prime Butter, Baltimore inspection
200 Sh nandoah Roll do
Cition, Raisins, Currants, &c.
For s4le low by
dec 29--law3w CLEARY &


ADDISON.


A CARD.-As persons shall receive their accounts, they
will! please call and seltle-them, as it is particularly de-
sirable tiat all accounts should be closed, either by note or
otherwise, before a new one is opened for 1838.
B'RADLEY & CATLETT.
dec 30--w3t (Glo.&Mad.)
1I.]Y1lINS, selected from various authors, with a Key of
-- Musical Expression, by Samuel Worcester,D. D. Also,
Watts' Psalms and Hymns, with the preceding selection add-
ed. For sale, between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania ave.
dec 8 R. FARNHAM.


.DEBATE IN THE SENATE.

SATURDAY, JANUARY 6, 1838.

O.N MR. CALHOUN'S RESOLUTIONS.-
The resolutions of Mr. CALHOUN, on the relations, &c.
of the State and General Governments coming up, and the
question being on Mr. MORRaS'S amendment the third
resolution, declaring the freedom of speech and the press
on all subjects indisputable, and under the supervision on-
ly of the State in which such freedom is exercised-
Mr. MORRIS resumed his remarks by say-
ing that the error which he had committed the day before,
in relation to the sentiments of the Methodist Conference,
had afforded so much pleasure, that he did not regret hav-
ing fallen into it. He made a brief explanation, which
which was believed to relate to this mistake, (but inaudi-
ble and unintelligible to the reporter.)
What, he asked, was the object of the resolutions un-
der consideration? It was to restrain and check the liber.
ty. of speech and of the press, and their first and principal
domination was now felt in the Senate. But, he repeated,
that the attempt to stifle the freedom of speech and the
press in this country, on moral or political subjects, would
be a vain effort. But if it was sinful to discuss the ques-
tion of slavery, or other subjects relating to other commu-
nities, he asked why they did not attempt to suppress dis-
cussion by an enactment. If it really threatened a disso-
lution, it deserved the severest measures that the Senate
could adopt against it. Why then not put it down by law
at once ? Let us see the features of such a law, and then
form our judgment respecting it. Would the People sub-
mit to it? Would any man dare to make the attempt ?
Tiere was no Government in the world that would dare
to do it openly and generally.
A great deal had been said about the constitutional
right of a slaveholder to his slave. The Senator from In-
diana had said, and it had not been denied, that one effect
of these resolutions was to extend slavery. Mr. M. re-
"sponded to that sentiment; and this was one object, if there
was any object at all. But if the Constitution of the Uni-
ted States was held to guaranty the property in slaves,
then that Constitution was, on this point, above the law
and Constitution of any State, and the act of no State,
therefore, could annul the property in slaves. [" State, un-
der the laws thereof."] Mr. M. had used this argument
before, and it would follow from it that the States were
all still slaveholding States under the Constitution, and
must continue so, beyond the power of this Government,
unless the States generally should give that power.
The Constitution, therefore, Mr. M. maintained, had
left slavery precisely where it found it. But the framers
of the Constitution had intended that the moral power of
this instrument should abolish slavery in all the States, and
accordingly the States began immediately to abolish slavery
on its adoption. The ordinance of 1787, in relation to the
northwestern territory, was adopted by Congress at the very
time when the framers of the Constitution were sitting in-
Convention, and the Constitution was adopted two or three
months after that ordinance. Nowv, could-any one believe,
while Congress, in the very face of the Convention, deter-
mined that slavery should not exist in that vast territory,
that they did not intend that the moral power of the Con-
stitution should abolish slavery in the whole country ?
Mr. M. went on to argue that, by the Constitution,
Congress has the. power to abolish slavery in the whole
Union. More than twenty thousand citizens of Ohio were
the friends of emancipation; and he thought, when these
petitions came up here, they did not deserve the treatment
they received of being called incendiaries, and being brand-
ed with infamy.
,. M i A *7 4 n t. Z'l., h I-..*i;- ,'rfr' 7 .r

Mr. PRESTON said he could~ no siaue olT ifreres
between the two amendments.
Mr. HUBBARD called upon Mr. MoaRIs to point out
the difference.
SMr. MORRIS said, if the eagle eye of the member from
New Hampshire could not discern between-the two, it
would be a hopeless task for him to enlighten him. But, he
would ask, if Mr. HUBBARD could see no difference, why
was he so much opposed to his, while he was in favor of the
other ?
Mr. CALHOUN suggested to Mr. ALLEN to withdraw
his amendment for the present, as only tending to embar-
rass the general question, and to consent to introduce it at
the end of the resolutions.
Mr. ALLEN assented; but, as the amendment could
not now be withdrawn but by unanimous consent, it was
agreed that a vote of rejection should be taken on it, pro
forma, that it might be offered by the mover hereafter, when
all the resolutions should have been acted on. The vote
being accordingly taken, the amendment was negatived.
Mr. DAVIS then urged the propriety of Mr. SnUTH'S
amendment being now taken up. It appeared to him the
object of Mr. ALLEN'S amendment had been to get rid of
the other; and now that it was withdrawn, he thought the
question ought to be taken on the amendment first offered
ty Mr. SMITH, Of Indiana.
The question, however, being announced from the CHAIR
to be now on the third resolution--
Mr. PRENTISS rose, and said that, as the re-
solution under consideration had been considerably modified,
and rendered somewhat plausible by amendments, he wish-
ed to say a word or two before the question was taken up-
on'it, in explanation of the vote he should give. He had
cared very little about any of the amendments which had
been offered, and should feel quite indifferent as to the fate
of any amendments which might hereafter be proposed, be-
cause it was his intention to vote against all the resolu-
tions, without any critical examination into the truth or
correctness of any of the propositionscontainedin them. He
should do this not only for the reason which had been fre-
quently stated, that the vice of nullification was apparent
upon the face of the resolutions, but for another reason al-
so. It was obvious that they could neither add to nor
abridge any of the constitutional rights of the People, by
any resolutions they could adopt; and he deemed it not
only unnecessary and useless, but highly inexpedient, to


make a formal declaration of rights there, to assert abstract
principles, in the form of resolutions, having no view to
any practical results, and which might not only be liable
to misconstruction and misapplication, but might occasion
thereafter as much controversy as to their meaning as did
the famous Virginia resolutions of '98. He did not wish
to go into the subject at all, but merely to say -that he
should vote against all the resolutions, because he consider-
ed most of them wrong in principle, and all of them unne-
cessary and inexpedient.
Mr. DAVIS next rose. He said that he had
several times briefly addressed the Senate upon this sub-
ject, which for two years or more had been greatly agitat-
ed, more so, probably, than was useful. As long ago as
that, an effort was first made to suppress petitions upon
the subject of abolition in this body, and from thence till
now the matter had received much attention at times,
though both here and in the other House much regret had
been expressed that it was agitated at all.
At the first session of the last Congress, after a long,
animated, denunciatory debate, carried on chiefly by the
members from the South, the Senate arrived at certain re-
sults in regard to abolition petitions, in which he (Mr. D.)
did not concur, but a very great majority did. It was pro.
per to recur to the state of things then, and to call to mind
the sentiments of that day. The leading argument in that
debate was, that the agitation of the question was a source
of great danger, pregnant with ruinous consequences to
the country, causing serious obstruction to the action of
Congress, and great uneasiness out of doors. And it was
most urgently insisted that it was one of those delicate to-
pics which it was not safe to discuss, which, in truth, we
I~ 1-. ...l:- ,., il. n .. r. rardt,,t the StatsP in-


is, that the one presenting the petition is denied the right
to lay it before the Senate, as the Senate refused to receive
it. The Senator from South Carolina (Mr. CALHOUN) was
in the lead of these measures, and is it not true that he was
sustained by an overwhelming majority ?
Mr. CALHOUN said the course which he marked out, was
-not followed at all.
Mr. DAVIS. I did not mean to say that the detail of the
Senator's proposals was adopted; but that the Senate sms-
tained the chief purpose he aimed at.
Mr. CALHOUN. I was in the minority in every vote on
this subject. I wished to meet the petitions, and to refuse
the admission of them. I wished to take higher and strong-
er round. I was not averse to agitation. -
r. DAvis. I did not allege that the Senator was averse
to agitation, but that it was generally deprecated; and that
his proposed measures looked to that end, as the journal
most fully proves. If the Senator had not interrupted me,
he would have had no occasion to complain, or to correct.
me, for I was about to notice what I am aware of, tat44
proposed course of the member was to meet the petition-
ers at the door, shut it in their faces, turn them down
stairs, and bid them begone ; and that he urged the Senate
to sustain that view of the matter. In that I know there
was a failure; but in his general object, though attained
by different means, he did fully succeed. He and his
friends did erect a barrier as high as he could desire-a
barrier insurmountable to the petitioners, and as effectual
to stop agitation and debate in this chamber, and the pre-
sentation of petition, as it could be, short of penal liabili-
ties. Discussion died with this arbitrary rule, because the
Senate yielded obedience to it. If any thing of much im-
portance had since been said, it had escaped my observa-
tion. I therefore repeat that the object of the Senator had
been attained ; the petitioners have been driven away with-
out a hearing; no answer to their prayer has been made;
no, not so much as to say they were in error, What, I
would ask, could the Senator do beyond this, if the Sen-
ate yielded itself to his will ?
The Senator from Virginia (Mr. RIVEs) said yesterday,
that the States could take care of themselves, if the chan-
nel through this Government was closed up; for he feared
nothing from the abolitionists in their own territory. Did
not the Senate close up this channel most effectually ? Is
it not choked to the top, so that nothing can reach the
Senate? What higher or stronger barrier can be made
There is but one that can be more effectual, and that's, to
make a law of Congress, consisting of pains and penalties.
Make it felony, punishable by imprisonment in the peni-
tentiary for any one to petition for the abolition of slavery in
this District. If there be no right to petition, and the pe-
titioners are violators of the Constitution, disturbers of the
public peace, criminal agitators, threatening the safety of
the Union, then such a law will be both constitutional and
expedient. Let it be brought forward, for it will test the
principles advocated, and put members to-vote upon a res-
ponsibility beyond a mere expression of opinion. Send
such offenders against the public peace and public justice
to the judicial tribunals, if such is the sense of Congress,
to receive the reward of their merits. This would bear the
stamp of consistency. If the doctrines which tend to such
results are sound, then let them go forth in a frmnthat
shall be understood and felt. Letjhose who demand relief
take the remedy fearlessly into their hands, and they will
soon learn the views of the Public on this right of petition.
This would be more manly than to agitate the Public with-
threats. It would fence the People out from the Capitol,-
and separate them from their own Government. It would
consign offenders to infamy for presumptuously daring to
approach these halls to make a humble request. : The Sen-
ator has not proposed 1t go this length; and although he
was quite right-in saying ho was in a minority, yetit i,
<-obvious that he effected his 'a~iff 'objecit. Petiiona-c],

under existing practice, couldLone come to its iossesion.
In this state of. things, why are we appealed to for new;
measures, which can do no more than accomplish the same
thing, if they do as much? Why does the Senator from
Carolina, when so solicitous to exclude from these halls
the petitions-when he has steadfastly maintained that
Congress has no right to debate or act on the subject-why
does he voluntarily introduce it here ? A subject too deli-
catte to agitate: one which, it is said, we ought not to dis-
cuss, and have no right to consider! Why theft is dis-
cussion invited? Why is examination provokedI? "Why
is controversy challenged?
For myself, said Mr. D., I have been disposed to respect
the avowed feelings of Southern Senators; and as they
seemed to deprecate discussion as a calamity, I have avoided
it, leaving it in the hands of the mover and those interested.
I had no purpose of changing my course till that Senator,
yesterday, threw down the glove, and challenged discus-
sion, in terms which almost made it dishonorable to forbear.
This challenge, and this alone, has induced me to rise, for
I had resolved that the Senator should be left free to act
upon the majority, which goes with him, with whatever
power he might, while he adhered to abolition, although
my own constituents have written to me inviting my at-
tention to these resolutions; not because of their effect
upon the abolitionists, but because they embrace other
matters of high moment and of objectionable character. I
would have taken the hazard of disregarding these calls
upon me, but I could not be silent under the challenge of
the Senator.
The Senator says we can-bring no objection against his
resolutions while we vote against them, inferring from our
silence that we vote iii a blind and senseless manner. I
deem his inference, from his premises, wholly unwarrant-
ed, for the larger portion of the votes we give are recorded
without offering the reasons to the Senate upon which they
rest. But I have many objections to these resolutions, more
than I shall find physical ability to express, and the strong-
est of those objections are to their political character.
They are not called for, are not more efficient than the
measures now in force, and can do no good. They are, as
has been well said, (a part of them, at least,) mere abstrac-
tions or avowals of abstract doctrines no way demanded by
the occasion. They embrace matters having no connexion
with abolition, and call upon us to commit ourselves to an


interpretation of the Constitution when there is no emer-
gency arising in the course of our public duty requiring us
to give interpretation to that instrument. It is an unne-
cessary attempt to influence the public judgment, and such
works of supererogation are best Jet alone. Any and all
these reasons are atnost ample justification for voting
against even that which may'seem to be right in the abstract;
for I would give no countenance to making a creed of avow-
als for politicians, and to the publication by the Senate of
abstract opinions, merely because they may contain appa-
rent truisms. They ought also to be useful, and put forth
for some useful public purpose. The Senate would be
foolishly employed to resolve that two added to two
make four.
But, sir, the leading reason urged for disposing of the
whole abolition matter is, that the agitation of the topic dis-
turbs the public harmony and endangers the Union. I am
quite disposed to respect all such fears and apprehensions,
when urged with seriousness, to listeri to public sentiment,
and to yield much to public judgment; and, sir, I am happy
to perceive that the thought now and then flashes across
the minds of gentlemen that there are two ends to this
Union, both of which should fall under the protection and
paternal regard of this Government. We are the represen-
tatives of the whole, and our affections and watchfulness
should be commensurate with the whole. It is our duty to
see that the whole republic is safe. All interests must be
regarded, all rights must be protected. We must look to
public sentiment throughout. No interest, because it is
great and powerful, should be permitted to absorb all public
attention, or to cause a disregard of those of less importance.
All must be nourished, all respected, the rights of all so
adjusted and harmonized by a spirit of compromise and con-
ciliation as to remove all just cause of discontent. This is
__ A -1 *_ 4 r t


VOL. XXVI.


s4~s~ ~ L~k~B~Als4 ~_~qrSsb~r91 ~~Pau s~ ~ Ila -L~ ---~C -- -~--- IL--~ -I I _I ~ s -I I e s


- r I


No. 7778.




ill U


public harmony-those that hold the direction of political
power, or those who have no power except the force of
argument I
I wish to ask you, sir, what your recollections are in re-
gard to the history of public policy. You have probably
for the last thirty years been a witness and participator in
what has occurred here, and your memory can go much be-
yond that. You know what has been the public feeling on
the subject of the integrity of the Union, and whatkind of a
reputation those have acquired who have beensuspected only
of agitating this alarming topic. How stands the Hart-
ford Convention in public estimation? How other con-
ventions and assemblies of men of more recent date, who
were supposed to meditate unfriendly feelings to the Union ?
All hostility to the Union has at all times been viewed by
the great body of the people with the most profound sor-
row and regret. Those, therefore, who engage in such
treasonable purposes, do it at the imminent hazard of charac-
ter, at least, for they acquire a very unenviable reputation.
The abolitionists can have no motive to dissolve the
Union. They have never been charged with such an ob-
ject, to my knowledge. Their acts may create alarm and
discontent, which may tend to that. There may be sel-
fish men among them, for the ambitious always mould the
moving elements, when they can, to aid their own selfish
purposes. It would not be singular if such were found
among them, but their number cannot be great. But how
is the abolitionist to be profited, if his wishes are all
realized ? If all the slaves on the globe were made free,
how will it mend his condition ? In no way whatever.
He can gain nothing by the change. But they repudiate,
and very properly, all right to interfere with the States,
and confine themselves to the Territories and the District
of Columbia. Their views are thus limited in extent,
and to the attainment of an object in which they neither
have nor can have any interest which excites a selfish
feeling, and which does not, in fact, touch the Union, or
threaten it.
The worst, then, which can be said of them, by their
bitterest enemies, is what is actually said: they are de-
luded, misguided philanthropists, fanatics-heated with an
unbecoming zeal. These, and such opprobrious epithets,
have been applied to them ; but no one affirms that they
aim at disunion, nor do I think any one can impute to
them any corrupt purpose. I do not mean to touch the
question of the expediency of their course in asking for
immediate abolition in this District. That I will meet
whenever 'the Senate will open it by receiving their peti-
tions, but not until then; for the right of petition is the
higher right, and must first be vindicated. I shall, how-
ever, at all times go for the Union, and the whole Union;
and against the abolitionists if they propose to interfere
with constitutional rights or guaranties.
But I again return to the inquiry, who is to dissolve the
Union? There cannot, I trust, be such purpose heie, for
every day we hear the thought deprecated, and the depre-
cation mingled with the most ardent patriotic professions
of love and attachment to the Constitution.
Is the great slave interest to do it ? I appeal again to
your recollections, and to those of the Senator from South
Carolina, and ask you whether an interest, so powerful as
to have majorities in both Houses, and to maintain its
ascendancy in the Government, is likely to have occasion
to secede from the Union through fear or oppression?
Sir, this interest has ruled the destinies of the republic.
For forty years out of forty-eight years it has given us a
President from its own territory, and of its own selection.
I do not advert to this in the tone of complaint, for it has
been done at the ballot box; but as a proof of its great
strength, tact, and skill, and of the extraordinary predo-
minance it holds over all other interests, bending anti
shaping them to its purposes. During all this time it has
not only had a President sustaining its own peculiar views
of public policy, but through him has held and used, in its
own way, the whole organization of all the Departments,
and all the vast and controlling patronage incident to that
office, to aid it and carry out its views and policy, as well
. -&s to protect it and secure to it every advantage.
Let us explore a little further, sir, and see how the
Houses of Congress have been organized. I am sorry
that I rely on memory alone, for I may possibly fall into
error; but I shall be, I think, right asfar as I go; if not,
the records can easily be had to correct me. For thirty
years out of thirty-six years, that interest has placed its
own Speaker in the Chair of the other House, thus secur-
ing the organization of committees, and the great influence
of that station. And ir, while all other interests have,
during part of the time, had ,the Chair in which you pre-
side assigned toW them, as ap equivalent for these great
..o. "n ; "''n -h o "I'' -i


.an ti privilege, and there you will find the representatives
of this interest in numbers that indicate its influence.
Does not, then, this interest hold the destinies of this re-
public in its own hands ? Does it not rule, guide, and
adapt public policy to its own views, and fit it to suit the
action and products of its own labor ? Sir, I know that
the politicians of the slave country sometimes disagree
about men and measures of minor consideration ; but, on
the great interest of slave labor and' the protection of slave
property, they stand firmly together, and, like a Mace-
donian phalanx, shoulder'to shoulder, gather round it,
and, by mighty and concerted efforts, give it the lead in
public affairs against all opposition. Sir, how can I better
explain its all-pervading influence than to declare again
that it moves this Government over fifteen millions of souls,
great and energetic as it is, and disproportionate as is the
slaveholding population to that of the free States.
With this mighty power in your hands, with proof at
every vote taken in this Capitol of your ability to continue
it, can you of this interest entertain apprehensions for your
safety ? What more do you claim ? What more can
you have? How can those who hold power be oppressed
by those who have none'? How can those who hold the
power of this Government fear it'? I cannot believe there
is occasion in the mind of any one belonging to this inter-
est for a dissolution of the Union, unless he be ambitious,
unprincipled, and without hope of advancement. It will
be reasonable enough to meet danger from other quarters
when it threatens mischief. But, Mr. President. I must


not omit some other proofs of' the towering magnitude of
the slave interest here. It claims to itself and its exer-
tion whatever of merit there is in the overthrow of the pol-
icy of internal improvements, and of having broken down
and rendered unpopular the policy of so assessing and col-
lecting the public revenue as to protect and encourage free
labor. Over this last great interest it claims a signal tri-
umph for having defeated it.
I need not multiply proofs of the zeal, activity, and sin-
gular success of those who manage this interest. The in-
tegrity of the Union is probably quite as important to the
slave territory as to the free. I cannot, therefore, credit
the suggestion that the people of the South are so blinded
to their interests as to court so calamitous a result. What
then is it that shakes this great republic so that it reels upon
its foundations ? So that we are brought to a solemn pause
here in the public business, and are gravely and solemnly
devising remedies to redeem us from threatened muin 2 Sir,
we have a set of resolutions, nearly concocted, that are to
go forth with healing power to calm the public mind, to al-
lay the outbreakings of fanaticism, and to tranquillize the
raging elements. The opinion of the majority of the Sen-
ate is to work out this extraordinary result. But I again ask,
what it is that we are contending with ? What that threat-
ens calamity, and is thus easily to be subdued ? It is the
abolitionists who come here in no very alarming numbers,
though the course pursued here has increased the aggre-
gate, not to threaten the Government or to menace the
Union; no, sir, not at all, but humbly to entreat and pray
you to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia, where,
I believe, there are about forty thousand people of all co-
lors. Sir, they have claimed nothing but the right to beg
and pray of the Senate to use its power for this purpose
What more humble and less objectionable right can be
claimed by man than the right of respectfully entreating?
Yet, sir, the exercise of this poor privilege, by parsons
mostly females too, has brought us into grave deliberation,
to rescue the Union from impending dissolution. Sir, I
cannot participate in these fears, nor persuade myself that
such causes will produce such results, or that the Union
will be attacked unless the provocation is given here.
These abolitionists are in the free States. It has often
been said, and was a day or two past reiterated by the Se--
nator from Missouri (Mr. BENTON) that their books, papers,
prints, &c. cannot enter the slave country, and therefore
would do no harm there, even if the slaves could read, as
they never can reach them. It seemed also to be admitted


treated more temperately. There would probably be no ex-
citement among the slaveholders if it was not roused here ;
and there would be less here, if the flame kindled elsewhere
by the breath of these halls did not impart its warmth to
this body.
But, sir, I return to the inquiry, what is to be hoped
from these resolutions ? Where are their healing proper-
ties, their power to assuage resentments, and to allay irri-
tated passions ? Are we now agitating the matter to any
useful purpose? I read them, and while a part of them
seemed to me to contain certain doctrines on slavery accord-
ing with the sentiments of the mover, the residue seemed to
J)o a mere avowal of a political creed. Not being quite cer-
tain that I was right in the matter, I was comforted when
my friend from Delaware (Mr. BAYARD) rose and expressed
the same sentiment. They professed to treat of abolition,
but the worthy Senator declared that, on lifting the veil, he
had discovered nullification concealed under the first of the
series. He pointed the little fellow out to us hidden snugly
under a thin covering of State right gauze.
Now, sir, I ask the Senate to look at that resolution. It
is in these words:
Resolved, That in the adoption of the Federal Constitution,
the States adopting the same acted, severally, as free, indepen-
dent, and sovereign Stes; and tatan each, for itself, by its own
voluntary assent, entered the Union with tIe view to its increas-
ed security against all dangers, domestic as well as foreign, and
the more perfect and secure enjoyment of its advantages, natu-
lal, political, and social."
And to inquire whether it has any apparent connexion with
the abolition of slavery. The mover has already been ask-
ed what he means by this resolution? How it is pertinent
or applicable to the matter in hand'? What was his an-
swer1' Did he say it was to allay excitement, to suppress
debate, or to check petitions? No, nothing of this-but
he did, in substance, affirm that it was introduced as a sort
of constitutional platform, upon which, as a newly disco-
vered footing, the Senate were to gather together and stand
at this momentous crisis. The Constitution itself, without
Senatorial amendments, is broad enough and good enough
for me to stand upon. Sir, there have been many plat-
forms, creeds, and confessions of faith, all of which are de-
signed to tie down freedom of thought and action, and
which in general I do not believe have subserved any va-
luable purposes. They are designed to carry out particu-
lar doctrines, and so the Senator from Carolina avers in
regard to his. He says it embraces the doctrine of '98,
and it is expedient occasionally to reiterate fundamental
principles. Magna Charta was reaffirmed, and hence the
propriety, even upon this occasion, to reiterate and reaffirm
the fundamentals of the doctrine of '98.
What, sir, is the doctrine of '98'? The Senator has had
some bitter experience in this matter. He knows where
it led him; he knows what results he has contended for
under its authority, and he knows that many others, now
on this floor, who claim to respect with equal deference
the doctrines of'98, travelled paths widely divergent from his;
paths so opposed that they led to sharp, bitter, and alarm-'
ing conflict. This ought to teach the Seniator not only the
folly, but the danger of putting forth abstract theories upon
the Constitution.
But the Senator'advances this theory because it contains
the only conservative principle-the only remedy for the
slave States. And what is that conservative principle, and
what the remedy ? The Senator from Delaware, in giv-
ing definition of the meaning of the resolution, solved, per-
haps without designing it, this principle and remedy. The
mover's view of State rights is, as I understood them, that
the United States are confederated corporations; each a
party to the Constitution in the nature of a treaty or con-
federation ; and when this Government, or perhaps one of
the States, in the judgment of a State, shall violate this
compact, it may declare the whole contract void, because it
has been broken, and cease to observe it with the same
freedom and upon the same principles that one nation de-
clares a treaty null because the other party, in its opinion,
has violated it. This must be the remedy-the right to se-
cede from the Union when a State sees cause; and what
is this but nullification? The resolution is capable of two
constructions: one to bear out the Senator's view; the
other the view of those who hold to a different construc-
tion of the Constitution, and still call themselves State
rights politicians. But what advantage can there be in
avowing an opinion that can only excite controversy about
its meaning. It is futile to attempt to make the Constitu-
tion broader or narrower, for we have no power to add or
diminish. We may sanction puzzling theories about the
probable intention the United States, but the Constitu-
innmwit Tn-9pj7-nf1 -!k for itself, be the opinions of this

~ __ _m... .'*essary, and obligatory" u-ipi`in-no1o-y,
,'- it Tne o-nstituti i_ ... ... l llV'0 ',- i 'tfieir at-
tention :
We, the People of the United States, in order to form a
more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquil-
lity, provide for the common defence, promote the general wel-
fare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our pos-
terity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United
States of America."
And compare it with this first resolution; observe its
unequivocal language, we, the People," &c. instead of
the States, as corporations, and see how they will stand
together. But, sir, I will not dwell on this matter, which
has been again and again argued by the best talent in the
country. I care not whether the Constitution was made
by the States, as corporations, or otherwise ; it makes no
provision for nullification; gives no countenance to it, but
leaves it to stand on such theories as human invention has
brought to its aid. I am in no respect disposed to revive
it, since it has met with signal public condemnation, and
therefore shall vote against all abstractions where its seed
is sown. It is no part of my duty to sit here-f6rming creeds
and confessions of faith fior the purpose of experimenting
upon public 'opinion. The People, I hope, will think and
act for themselves, and will be too wise to entangle their
understandings in the meshes of politicians.
What is the second resolution ? It seems designed to
point out the duties of the States towards one another in
regard to their domestic institutions, and the duty of this
Government to protect each State in the enjoyment of all
such domestic institutions, and to restrain such States as
assail those of other States. This country stretches


through a wide space of the earth-embraces twenty-six
States-sotme almost under a vertical sun, while others
are in the region of frost. These domestic institutions,
we all know, must be various, and different under differ-
ent circumstances. Those, for example, suited to Loui-
siana, will be ill fitted for Vermont. The views of differ-
ent States upon the necessity, character, and expediency
of domestic institutions will always conflict, and our or-
ganization was designed for that very purpose. The right
of speech, the freedom of the press, the liberty of discus-
sion, are domestic institutions; and are we to be restrained
in the exercise of any of these precious rights, because
others differ from us in opinion, and may hold our reason-
ing against their institutions injurious? These matters
all belong to the States: and it lies with them to regulate
them at pleasure, and without reference to the views or
opinions of other States. If the design is to clothe this
Government with power to abridge the privileges of the
States, then the Senate can exercise no such authority,
and had better pause before it acts.
But, sir, I must bring my remarks to a close, as the
state of my health will not permit me to proceed. I in-
tended to have examined the character of these resolutions
more in detail, and to state more fully my objections; but
I must forbear. I cannot, however, sit down, without
asking the Senator from South Carolina again-why he
incorporates political doctrines with this matter-why he
mingles with slavery the annexation of Texas to the
United States? He says we must go back to elementary
principles, to fundamentals. Go back from where, and
what are\we to go to? Sir, both you and the Senator
participated, but with quite different sentiments, in that
act of this Government sometimes called the Force bill;
and each of you had your opinions sDoon that celebrated
paper called the Proclamation. You were then arrayed
against each other. The Senator is about to go back, and
asks the Senate to go with him; and they do go with him,
but where from, and where to ? He cannot be going to the
Force bill, or the Proclamation; and doubtless he consi-
ders the Senate as going from them, back to what? I
have endeavored to show the character of the first resolu-
tion, and the construction which may be put upon it. It
may possibly be considered an attempt to renew a creed
which the Force bill and the Proclamation had rendered
of doubtful authority. For myself, I had little sympathy
with those who so much lauded the Proclamation, or so


Mr. CALHOUN rose and said, that before
he should notice such observations of the SenatOr from
Massachusetts (Mr. DAVIs) as he deemed pertinent to the
question before the Senate, he felt it a duty which he ow-
ed to himself; to state distinctly the position which he had
heretofore held in relation to the subject of these resolu-
tions. It is not true,as the Senator supposes, that my
views in relation to the proper course to b6 taken have pre-
vailed. It is just the reverse. Mr. C. said he had, he be-
lieved, been in a standing minority from the time e sub-
ject of abolition was first agitated in this body, till in-
troduction of these resolutions; and, although lad
steadily objected to the reception of any abolition p. itions,
so far from taking a lead in laying them on the table, as
the Senator stated, he had not, in a single instance, made
such a motion. He was, on the contrary, wholly'opposed
to the course. He had never doubted the folly of, the po-
sition, that we were bound to receive petitions, but might
lay them immediately on the table, without consideration
or discussion. In the original debate, he told the SeTrator
from Pennsylvania, (Mr. BUCiuNAN,) who took a'lead in
favor of that course, that it was utterly indefensible, and
that the reasons he (Mr. B.) assigned to prove that we
were bound to receive, would be equally cogent to show
that we were bound to refer, report on, discuss, and decide
on them. He also told himwhat would be the conse-
quences of his false position, all of which have already been
realized. The Senator from Kentucky has already taken
the precise ground which he foretold would be taker. Nor
is the Senator less mistaken in supposing that he has been
opposed to the discussion of the subject. He has, itis true,
been utterly and unalterably opposed to any discussion
with the abolitionists. They have no right to conie here,
and he was and is for shutting the door in their fage; but
he never-shunned discussion when the subject came fairly
up, nor would he, so long as the Senator's consttuents,
and others, continue to agitate the subject; in roof of
which, he referred the Senator to the course he adopted
in relation to the President's Message, some years since,
on the circulation of incendiary publications through the
mail. So far from avoiding discussion, he raised a special
committee on that portion of the Message, made a full re-
port adverse to the President's views, accompanied by a
bill, which gave rise to much discussion. So, now, acting
on the same principle, he had presented these resolutions
as the antagonist of the Vermont resolutions. He touched
on these misapprehensions of the Senator as to his course,
the more fully, as there appeared to be a fixed determina-
tion of late, both in and out of this Chamber, to mistake
his course on this as well as other occasions.
But this is not the only instance of the misstatement
of his course by the Senator. He has misapprehended it
as much in relation to the subject immediately under dis-
cussion. Assuming, erroneously, as lie had shown, that
his position had been that Congress has no right to agi-
tate or discuss this subject, however presented, he accu-
ses him (Mr. C.) of challenging debate on the present oc-
casion, and says that he (Mr. D.) would have remained
silent had it not been for his challenge. The Senator
greatly mistakes in supposing he had made any such chal-
lenge, and he thought it would puzzle him to state when
and in what terms it was given. It is true, he stated that
the political creed of the Senator, and those who thought
with him, in reference to the origin and structure of our
Government, so far from affording any constitutional pro-
tection against the assaults of the abolitionists, had roused
their fanatical spirit into action, and he had, at the same
time, called on the party generally who entertained it, to
show, if he was in a mistake as to the effect of their creed,
what protection it afforded. If the Senator has construed
this into a challenge to discuss these resolutions, he must
say lie has most signally failed to meet it. He has wholly
shunned the point on which it was given. He has not
even attempted to show that the view which he and his
party take of the Constitution can afford the least protec-
tion against the dangers which now so seriously menace
the country and its institutions. His silence he had a
right to consider as conclusive proof of the truth of his as-
sertion, and the Senator ought not to be surpri d if, after
this tacit confession, he should turn to those ho enter-
tained the opposite constitutional views, and cn'll on them
exclusively to rally to the rescue at this hour of danger.
Tht Senator was so conscious of his weakness 'on this
point, that instead of attempting to point out a remedy,
when his political theory afforded none, he topo the oppo-
site course, to deny that there was any dan., to be re-
pelled. He told us, gravely, that the abolitioni&, s were no
disunionists; that th^Q4ad no ambitious objects no cor-
rupt purpose ; thate~ ep..-euial a,'' nne e h_.
t,; ,_claimed n, k I"'L '
.em the innocent and harm boon the'
craved, (of cutting our throats and burning -uses,
and that these beggars were but a handfu fwhomn
large portion were females. Such is the pict which h
gives of this small band of innocents, and ti harmless,
motives that actuate-them; and this, in thi ce of th
constant, uniform, and open avowal, that,. e\t object i
the total abolition of slavery in the Stat/t velJ as in
this District and the Territories, and that .Tfg insider th
abolition in the latter but as the first step to a )olition ii
the former.
But he had received a letter that very morning from on
of the fraternity, of high standing and author .y, which
gave a very different account of this small corps ..f humble
beggars. He s, ys that they count 1,500 g.i "ties, ave
raging 100 individuals each, and are'growing a t the rate
of one society a day. Here, then, we have 15 ),000 per-
sons regularly organized, with a copious revenue e, and ar
extensive and powerful press, (a large portion of vhom are
the Senator's constituents.) who are waging re, ular war
on the institutions'of the Southern and Western States--
institutions that involve not less than $900,000,0 )0 of pro-
perty, and the prosperity and safety of an entire section of
this Union, in violation of the most solemnly pligl ted faith,
and subversion of the fundamental principles of the Con-
stitution; and yet the Senator can see neither iarm nor
danger in all this. "When we see one of his en lightened
understanding, and usually correct sentiments, th us think.
ing and feeling, what must be the tone of those w th whom
he is daily associated, which could so blind his understand-


ing and blunt his moral perception ?
He next tells us that the abolitionists can do no harm;
that their publications cannot circulate in the slaveholding
States, and can do no mischief in the non-slaveholding
States; that the evil exists here, where too much excite-
ment exists, and that if we would keep perfectly cool and
patient, and hear ourselves and constituents called robbers
and murderers, and our rights and property and lives at-
tacked, without moving hand or tongue, all would be well.
Accustomed, as he has been, to respect the Senator for his
sober and correct judgment and feelings on most subjects,
he could not but be surprised at the language which he
has held on the present occasion. Is his judgment so per-
verfed that he can see no danger to the Constitution and
the Union, for which he professes, and, he doubt'ednot, sin-
cerely, to have so much regard, in the thousands of publi-
cations and lectures which are daily issued and delivered,
holding up, in the blackest colors, the character and insti-
tutions of nearly one-half of the Union-exciting -towards
them the deepest feelings of abhorrence, to be returned, on
their part, with a detestation not less deep ? Is the univer-
sal spread of this deep, mutual abhorrence compatible
with the existence of the Union ? If not, is it not time to
arrest it, and, of course, to deliberate on the means of do-
ing it ? Are the Senator's reason and feelings so fa: warped
that he either cannot apprehend the plainest consequences,
or, apprehending, is indifferent to them ?
But we are next told, for the hundredth time, that these
are mere abstract propositions, and notdemanded by the
occasion; on'which account, with various other reasons
that he assigns, he cannot vote for them.
It was, he would suppose, perfectly needless for the
Senator to assign any reason for voting against thtse reso-
lutions, or any other measure having the same object in
view, after what he had told us of the abolitionists; and the
purity and harmlessness of their objects : nor is it a: all sur-
prising that he should think that there was no necessity
for their introduction. But those who regard th( subject
in a different light, who see danger where the Sentor sees
nothing to apprehend, and crime where he beholls inno-
cence, will come to a very different conclusion. They will
think it high time that this body should define its position ;
should declare its opinion as to those unprovokedassaults
of one portion of the Union on the other, and lake the
stand it intends to maintain in resistance to than; and
that the opposite course, to remain silent, or tamer with
the disease, is neither becoming its dignity nor its luty.
AtA twt R 1-w t Qp >pn tr hIn 1tmic,4 +^ -1 1- A


The Senator asks, why mingle abolition with political tended upon this occasion, and sincerely hope that the fur-
matters'? Why with the Texas question ? He knew not their discussion of this subject may not again make it my
how to reconcile such questions with the respect which he duty to trespass further upon the time of the Senate.
has entertained for the Senator's intelligencc-and fairness. T
Does not the senator know that we have received hun-
dreds of petitions, and that they continue daily to pour in FROM THE CHARLESTON COURIER
on us in one incessant stream, praying that Texas may OCEOLA AT THE CHARLFSTON T1EATRE.
not be admitted, on the ground that it would extend the EY JAMES B RANSOM.
limits of the slaveholding portion of the Union ? Does he The citandeliers sent forth a dazzling light,
not know that a sovereign State of the Union has come And splendid lamps and paintings shone around,
here with its resolutions objecting to the annexation on the The scenery was superb, and all looked bright,
same grouftd 1 Dces he not know that the entire move- While not one vacant seat could there be found.
mnent on abolition, with the object proposed to be effected, Indeed, a prince of high pretensions might
and the means by which it is to be done, involves political Have viewed the scene without a single frown -
and constitutional questions and considerations of the high- For beauty, fashion, learning, all combined
est possible magnitude, vital to the peace and safety of all? To form a cowd, genteel, polite, relined.
SKnowing all this, with what propriety could he ask me the Then OCEOLA, with his warriors came-
questions he did ? Does he wish to shitt the burden by mak- A stern, unbending stoic band they were--
ing those who repel, and not those who assail, responsible ? Whose nam es, in truth, will long be known to fatam,"
Does he wish to transfer the odium from those who make For deeds of valor, and for love of war.
war on our rights and property, to us, who defend them, and ith eacr-rings, trinkets, necklaces, and bands,
Ihleads deck'd with feathers, rings upon their hands--
this, too, in the face of the most notorious acts ? A group so mild, grotesque, and yet so sage,
As brief as has been his notice of the Senator's apology Have very seldom looked upon the stage.
for the abolitionists, (fbr such hemust consider his speech,)
it is much longer than he would have made it, d it not marked tie heavy thought upon his brow ,
been for the respect which he has had for his talents and Wlhich clung like mist around the mountain top,
And watched his listl.ss nmien and careless bow,
character. He cannot consider the course he has pursued As tha' he saw tle play, but eaurd it not.
in his speech as indicative of his actual feelings and fair- And then his lips would breathe some secret vow,
ness, and is compelled to regard it as indicative of the dis. To strike for injuries ne'er to he forgot,
tempered state of the public sentiment of those he represent- And peril all, tho' life should be the cost,
ed. Thus viewed, it affords an important lesson to those To save his native home and country, lost.
he represented. Throughout, not a censure of the aboli-e lovely glow of JULIANA* fe,
tionists is whispered. All is excuse, defence, apology. 1her smiles and lushes, and the ears she shed,
It is we, not they, who are the agitators ; it is we, not they, Her splendid attitude, and native grace,
who are the disturbers of the peace and quiet of the coun- Were, to his war-lit fancy, stale and dead.
try; it is we, not they, who are the assailants; it is we, Yes, there he sat, subdued, but still enraged,
not they, who harbor ambitious and improper designs; and (Like the fierce tiger when he's caught and caged,
finally, it is we, not they, who meditate disunion. It is no Will lie composed-yet, when you pass himi by,
crime to attack us, but a heinous offence in us to defend You'll see a lurking devil in his eye."
ourselves. The softest strains of music fell unheard,
Mr. BAYARD moved to strike out the words the And every sound seemed lost ulbn his ear-
several States," and insert the words of the Consti- While songs that spoke of love in every word,
tution itself, viz. the PeoAle of the United States." His Nor made him sigh, nor smile, nor drop a tear:
only object was to avoid a committal to a political creed, to For his wild thoughts, like some unfettered bird,
which he could not consent. If Mr. C. would admit this Flew swift as lightning to that home too dear,
slight change, Mr. B. would go with him. Where his undaunted heart still longed to go,
Mr. CALHOUN objected, that those words were am- To raise the savage yell, and fight the foe.
biguous; they might be taken in a geographical sense, CHARLESTON, JAN. 7, 1838.
meaning the inhabitants of the northern continent of Ame-
rica; or they might mean the People, as a People; or they *The play was The Honcy lifoon-Juliana by Miss COOPER.
might mean the People only of the several separate States.
The latter was the only sense he could admit. ANTED.-A trustworthy person as a Nurse for two
Mr. BAYARD urged that the very words of the Con- infants. A woman of experience in the business, and
stitution, to which every Senator had sworn, could not especially one who has herself had children, would be pre-
surely be objected to. It appeared to him that Mr. C. was erred. A suitabe person may tain a comf, ortable home
contending rather to put his own peculiar interpretation an liberal wages. Inquire 17t Gen. W. S Georgetown.
upon that instrument, rather than following the instrument
itself, leaving the interpretation open. This he (Mr. B.) ADDLE HORSE FOR SALE.-Will be sold at
contended ought to be done. Why, he asked, should Mr. auction on Thursday morning, the 18th instant, between 9
CALHOUN refuse to take the very words of the Constitution and half past 9 o'clock, in front of Lloyd's Hotel, unless pre-
itself? viously disposed of, a small handsome bay riding Horse, Saddle,
Mr. CLAY, of Kentucky, said, if the Senator from Del &c. This Horse will be eight years old next Spring; paces
Mr. CL of Kentucy, said, if the Senato- easily, though not fast; trots tolerably well, and canters uncom-
aware would fame his amendment according to the histo- only well, and is remarkably sprightly. Until the sale, he
rical fact, in the adoption of the Constitution, Mr. CLAY may be seen and examined at Pumphrcy's Stable, back of
would vote for it. The historical fact was, that the Con- Brown's. E. DYER,
stitution was adopted by the People of the several States, jan 17-2t Auctioneer.
acting within their respective limits. TE7 Y METALLIC PENS.-W. FISCHER has just
Mr. CALHOUN. The Senator, to establish the views J received Waring, Commercial, Damascus, and Eagle
of the other side, has selected a passage for his amendment Steel Pens, of excellent quality. Also, in store, every variety
which is.their whole reliance. We rely on the historical of Perry's, Gilloti's, Windle's, and Hceley & Son's genuine
fact; and the Senator from Delaware ought not to force Steel Pens, wholesale and retail, at Stationers' Hall.
his interpretation on us. jan 16 [Adv. & Met.]
Mr. BAYARD. The Senator is much mistaken if he LANK BOOKS.-All kinds of Blank Books kept
thinks our views are sustained only by the preamble (of the constantly on hand, for sale at the lowest prices, at
Constitution.) The historical fact is, that it is the Gov- GARRET ANDERSON'S
ernment, in the words of the Constitution, of the People Cheap Book, Stationery, and Fancy Store, Penn. Avenue,
of the United States." It is so decided by Chief Justice jan 17-3t between 11th and 12th sts.
Marshall. When the preamble of the Constitution was
" We, the People of New Hampshire, Vermont," &e., the hLACKWVOOD"S MAGAZINE.--Subscribers to the
names of the several States were stricken out, and theex- above work are respectfully requested to call in person at
istingexpression inserted, in order to avoid aambiguity. Stationers' Hall, and obtain the November numnberustreceived.
I do not depend at all on the preamble, but on the discus- jan 17 (Adv. & Met.) W. FISCHER.
sion in the Convention. Ican demonstrate that it was re- rn EXAS.-Just published and for sale at Stationers' Hall,
garded as a Government emanating from the People as a -- Texas, or an answer to the objections urged against her
general body ; and on this subject I shall be ready to wield admission into the Union. Price only 12 cts.
a lace with the Senator on any suitable occasion. If the jan 17 (Adv. & Met.) W. FISCHER.
Senator puts a different construction on those words, be itES A ED- e
so ; I do not want to express any particular opinion on that to00 SLAVES WA TED.-The subscriber will
o. I ao 20~0 give higher prices, in cash, for likely young slaves,
subject. .. Yeas 8, N of both sexes, than any other person in this market, or who
a n ^ !e an befo ,q .Ilw e Juge yellow .ouaJe on 7th
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i. i jtcilllIa I llalteu uy ivmr.ijLU KlKII'ir[eOr-
gia, on a previous day, having been imperfectly
heard and defectively reported in our paper, the
following more correct report is now given, in
justice to Mr. L. :
Mr. LUMPKIN said it was with extreme reluctance
that he approached the subject under consideration. That
reluctance did not arise from a disposition to shrink from
the discharge of the duties which devolved on him. But
the delicacy and difficulty which were attached to this sub-
ject arose from the fact thatitwas nota legitimatesubject for
discussion in the Senate. By the constitutional compact of
the Union, this subject, if discussed at all, must be left to
the People and the States where slavery exists.
In regard to the resolutions offered by the gentleman
from South Carolina, (Mr. CALHOUN,) 1 considerit my du-
ty to remark (said Mr. L.) that I have carefully and con-
siderately examined them, and am prepared to record my
vote in their favor, as originally submitted. Indeed, sir, I
can but regret that we could not have a direct vote upon
the resolutions in their original form, as I consider all the
amendments which have been suggested tending to muti-
late and disfigure, and lessen whatever of utility the pro-
posed resolutions embraced.
From the remarks which have fallen from the gentleman
from Delaware, (Mr. BAYARD,) in which he considers the
doctrine of nullification, in some obscure form, embraced in
these resolutions, I feel myselfcalled upon, at this stage of
the discussion, to state that my friend (if I may so callhim)
from South Carolina and myself stood as antipodes in the
days of excitement upon this doctrine in the South. I was
no nullifier, sir, but opposed it with all my might and
strength. 1 am still disposed to cling to the Union with
that emphatic sentiment in my heart and on my lips, The
Federal Union must be preserved." But, sir, I am greatly
deceived if' there will be any division amongst my consti-
tuents in regard to the resolutions now before the Senate.
I believe that ninety-nine out of every hundred of the Peo-
ple of the South will approve of the principles laid down
in these resolutions. Upon this subject, sir, the South is
united as the voice of one man. We have to contend with
a common enemy. And, whatever may be our party pames,
we are all State rights men. We go for a strict construc-
tion of the Constitution of the United States. We con-
cede nothing to the Federal,Government by implication.
We respect the powers of the Federal Government in its
whole constitutional range ; but that range is restricted
and limited to its specified powers of war, peace, treaties,
levying and collecting taxes, regulating commerce, and the
corresponding Legislative, Executive, and Judicial powers.
This, sir, is the great outline, in brief, of the Federal Con-
sitution ; and, sir, this Constitution was brought into exis-
tence by a spirit of amity, and that mutual deference and
concession which the peculiarity of our situation as a people
at that time demanded. If each State had then contend-
ed for, and rigidly adhered to, its own peculiar habits and'
local prejudices and prepossessions, as the basis of a Go-
vernment for all the rest, this Federal Union of States
would never have been brought into existence. But no
such surrender of opinion or power was required of the
States. The reserved rights of the States secured to each
the free and sovereign right to manage its own domestic
affairs in its own way, rightfully liable to no molestation
or interruption from the rest. The resolutions of the gen-
leman from South Carolina (Mr. CALHOUN) having been
broughtt to the consideration of the Senate, I should be
highly gratified at seeing them receive the sanction of this
honorable body; not that I believe they would put an effec-
ual check to these deluded people called fanatics, but it
night serve as a rallying point for the sane. If the wis-
lom of our friends, and the friends of the Union, in the
non-slaveholding States, cannot devise the ways and means
o stay the fury of these infuriated abolitionists, we of the
laveholding States can only rely upon our own power
within our own bounds. Whenever we find any of these
listurbers of the peace within our jurisdiction, we must ex-


I.r.-. vui ,wi iay a-r-trrnreT IID ia iir-6,minljonS torilnforma-
tion. THOMAS N. DAVIS.
jan 17-eo3m
R LANK BOOKS.-The subscriber has lately received
from the North a lot of half bound Cap Blank Books,
which will he sold at the low price of twenty cents per quire.
Also, Demy, Long Cap, Record Legers, 4to Blank Books at
unusually low prices. R. FARNHAM,
Between Ninth and Tenth streets,
jan 17 Pennsylvania avenue.
M TARSH'S BOOK-KEEPING.-The science of
double-entry book-keeping simplified in the introduc-
tion ofan infallible rule for Dr. ar.d Cr. calculated to insure a
complete knowledge of the theory and practice of accounts, by
C. C. Marsh, accountant, improved edition.
Also, Bennett's American system of practical book-keeping.
For sale, between 9th and 10th streets, Varnuin's Row,
Penn. avenue. R. FARNHAM.
jan 17
FOR RENT-The three-story brick Dwelling and
Store on 7th st,, opposite the Patriotic Bank ofWash-
ingrot, next door to Mr. John A. Donohoo. Possession
given immnedjatcly,. The dwelling, if desired, can be rented
separate from the store. For terms apply to Messrs. Kneller &
Co., a few doors below the premises, or to the subscriber.
jan 17-3t THOMAS FERRAL.


6 ^ & REAMS of superior Envelope Paper, large size,are
for sale at Stationers' Hall.
jan 17 [Adv & Met.]
RECOMMENDED BY THE FACULTY.
A Howard's Compoubd Sirup of Carrageen, a safe, simple,
pleasant, and effectual remedy for chronic coughs, asthma,
consumption, &c.
This sirup has deservedly acquired great reputation, and
the confidence of physicians, as a'remedy in the cure of pul-
monary diseases. It is not offered as a specific, but will be
found generally effectual in the cure of chronic coughs, asth-
mas, &c. and will frequently relieve obstinate pulnionary dis-
eases.
Rjr When circumstances admit, it should be used under the
direction of a physician.
Prepared and sold, wholesale and retail, at my Pharmacy,
near 7 Buildings. FLODOARDO HOWARD.
Also for sale by S. J. Todd, C. Stott, G. S. Farquhar, and
C. Boyle, Washington; G. M. Southern, Georgetown; Wnm.
Stabler and John Sears, Alexandria.
jan 8-2awlmoif (Nat Amer & Pot Adv)
R. BIGELOW has taken apartments at Mrs. Bibler's,
S between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
The most perfect operations for the health and preservation of
the Teeth executed in the neatest manner. Superior artificial
and natural Teeth supplied. He has letters and recommenda-
tions fiom gentlemen of the highest respectability.
N. B. Persons afflicted with diseases of the Eye or Ear
are most respectfully invited to call. jan 15-if3t
REAL ESTATE LOTTERY,
EMACK'S OFFICE.
HE following valuable prizes, amounting to $80,310, con-
sisting of valuable Mills, Farms, Houses, Lots, and Per-
sonal Property of various kinds, &c. situated in Washington
county, Maryland, within two miles of Gagerstown and six
miles of Williamsport, will positively be drawn on the 1st of
February, 1838.
Who will not risk $10 to obtain a valuable Mill, ($33,333,)
or another valued at $16,000, or another valued at $6,600, be-
sides Farms, Houses, Lots, &c. and thereby obtain a home for
life, for so small a sum ?


SPLENDID SCHEME.
SHAFER'S REAL ESTATE 1
Prize, valued at
Do do
Do do
Do do
Do do
Do of
Do of -
Do of
Do of
I)o of


LOTTERY.
$33,333
16,000
S 6,600
2,600
1,067
667 each.
600
-400
S300 each.
X~iK


I


KEY WEST.

Letter to a Gentleman in Washington, dat c
KEY Wi:ET, DEC. 30, !P-'
DEAR SIR In my last, I gave you a short description of
Key West, and touched upon its advantages as a naval
'endczvous for the protection or annoyance of the most
lourishing commerce in the world. In this, I propose to
pursue the subjects of your inquiry.
From its latitude and growth, this island may be pro-
nounced decidedly tropical. Mercury rarely rises above
38 degrees in the hottest day of summer, and has never
but once fallen as low a. 45 degrees in wintlOr. Tlhe cli-
mate is, therefore, mild, an& not subject to the same chan-
ges as at places farther north. When the island was oc-
cupied by Commodore Porter, in 1823, as a naval station,
t was found very sickly, as was alleged by him, principally
on account of the exposed service of the seamen in open
boats, and for the want of the common coinfi! s of life.
Since then, sickness appeared 1825 and in 182 a in 29. But
the buildings are now more comfortable and commodious,
rain-water cisterns are numerous, and the woods are cut
away to give a better circulation of air; and I doubt if a
place can be found enjoying more perfect health than KIey
West has during the last seven or eight years. It is but
fair to predict that every improvement in and around the
;own will increase the comforts of the citizens, and render
their exemption from prevailing sickness surer.
But with the finest climate in the world, with extraordi-
nary advantages in natural position, and acknowledged
health, there is yet a great drawback upon the comfort of
the inhabitants in the summer. I mean the insects called
musquiloes. From June to September, after the sun sinks
below the horizon, there is need for all the patience and
philosophy that each can muster to his support.
Perhaps no part of the world will hold out so great in-
ducements to invalids laboring under consumptive affec-
tions as this island, so soon as good Mrcommodations are
provided. A commodious Hotel, I understand, is to be
erected this winter, and several buildings of the better
class are now in progress, and the day is not far distant
when the feeble and the sick may enjoy all the comforts
their condition requires.
The inhabitants are generally orderly and peaceable.
There are several, both male and female, who would be
deemed excellent society in any community. Since 1833,
families are constantly locating themselves on the Key,
and the presence of accomplished females tends to give a
higher tone to the morals of any community. It is be-
ieved that there is not only more intelligence among the
inhabitants than at any former period, but also far more una-
nimity and charitable feeling. Perhaps 1 ought to add,
that the ordinances of religion, with regular worship on
the Sabbath, have greatly aided other causes of ameliora-
tion. An Episcopal church is organized, and a clergyman
of great learning and piety is supported here, aided by the
Missionary Society.
As to the business and future prospects of Key West, I
am less able to approach accuracy. The wrecking busi-
ness doubtless stands first on the list, though but few per-
sons residing on this Key are directly interested therein.
The principal part of the wreckers and owners belong to
Indian Key, and the northern ports. But the wrecking
business transacted here indirectly gives occupation to ma-
:y. The next business is the fisheries-and particularly
taking live fish to Havana market. There are about
twenty Northern smacks employed in this business. And
the returns for the capital and labor expended are sure and
liberal. The fisheries on the main land for salting and
Trying fish for the same market, have been abandoned
since the Seminole war broke out. These will doubtless
be resumed with success on the return of peace.
Salt Making, which has just commenced, promises to
be the best investment and pursuit in this island. I say
promises, for the experiment, though successful, is yet in
ts infancy. A company has been incorporated, and erect-
ed one string of covered works (about 2,500 salt-work
feet) in connexion with a natural salt-pond of three hun-
dred and forty acres, at the northeasterly end of the island.
In the works the New Bedford and Bahama plans of salt
making are united, and the result last year was very lat-
tering. rhe 2,500 feet making 4,500 bushels of salt, of
an excellent quality, in nine months, which is about six
times the New Bedford yield. These works are yet in-
complete as respects the ground reservoirs in the pond.
The proprietors believe these can be so improved as to in-
crease the annual yield from one-fourth to one-third Tper
foot. Another string of works are just finished, and esti-
psm .'y FLtt~o cr on an Mroved scale,
stock yield 20 per cent. per annum; and when 20 or 30
strings are completed, the result must be from 40 to 50 per
cent. per annum. I have carefully examined the salt pond
-and its neighborhood. and believe there can be assigned no
definite limit to the salt that may be manufactured here.
This half-way ground, between the North and the South,
is most favorably located to effect sales and the shipment
of salt, inasmuch as vessels in ballast almost always stop
here, looking for for freight. As soon as these works are suf-
ficiently extended to insure cargoes of salt, vessels will
seek it for a cargo when freights are dull, and it can, with
equal facility, be sent on the Gulf or Atlantic coasts.
Other salt ponds, it is said, exist along this chain of islands,
which, at some future day, will make them the Bahamas
(as far as salt making is concerned,) of the United States.
The Lafayette Salt Company is yet in its infancy, and lit-
tle or no aid has, thus far, been drawn from the North.
From the results already attained, and the character and
standing of the men at the head of the company, there can
be no doubt of the ultimate and sure value of the stock to
Northern capitalists. The books are now open for further
subscriptions, and it is to be hoped success will crown the
endeavors of this company to extend this company to extendeir works to the li-
mit of their charter.
As to the future business prospects of this island, I am,
perhaps, less able to give an opinion that should be relied
on. The business incident to wrecking, fishing, and salt
making, I should suppose, would increase as commerce in-
creases, and the salt works are extended, and give a gra-
dual increase to the growth of the place. In case of a war
with a commercial nation, and Key West is not left ex-


posed to capture, it will be a convenient mart for the dispo-
sition of prizes, and will suddenly increase. In the event,
also, of commercial restrictions, requiring an indirect trade
with any port of the West Indies, Key West will become
a depot for merchandise, and become a busy mart. It is
now increasing in buildings, and when the Seminoles, if
ever, are removed from the peninsula, the fisheries and ag-
riculture will contribute to add to the business and comforts
of this place. On the whole, for the reasons above stated
I consider Key West as a place ofmuch higher importance,
every way, than my own or the general impression had
heretofore assigned to it. Yours, &c.

RS. RONCKENDORFF has two comfortable
Chambers unoccupied, and will be pleased to accom-
modate a gentleman and lady, or two gentlemen, with Board.
jan 17
T IHE GOROSTIZA PAMPHLET.-For sale by
F. TAYLOR, in pamphlet form, An Examination and
Review of a pamphlet printed and secretly circulated by M.
E. Gorostiza, previous to his departure from the United states,
and by him entitled Correspondence between the Mexican
Legation and the Department of State of the United States re-
specting the Passage of the Sabine." jan 17
FOR RENT-A large two-story brick HOdUU ,
p situated on Maryland Avenue, in a healthy and desir-
S able neighborhood, with a large lot adjoining, and ev-
ery convenience attached, such as stable, carriage-house, &c.
Possession can be given immediately. To a good and permanent
tenant the terms will be moderate. Application to be made to
Mr. Win. Lloyd, living near the premises, or to the subscriber.
jan 17-eo3t JOHN PICKRELL.


APPALACHICOLA LAND COMPA N Y.-Sales
at auction.-the Trustees and-DI)irectors of the above
Company hereby give notice that a public sale of lots, in the
City of Appalachicola, will take place there on the second
Wednesday, being the fourteenth day of March next, under
the direction of Joseph Delafield, Esq. the Agent of the Com-
pany.
The Agent is also authorized to sell at private sale that part
of theCompany's land lying on both sides of the Railroad, be-
tween Tallahassee and St. Mark's: and also the land lying on
the Ocklockony and Little rivers, in such quantities as may be
agreed upon. Also, any other tracts which may be wanted.
A coinpany of Surveyors are now employed in laying out said
tracts preparatory to a sale.
The terms of the public sale will be one-fourth cash. or an-


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t4


- Ah. Mike I B BL










TWENTY-FIFTH CONGRESS.

TUESDAY, JANUARY 16, 1838.

IN SENATE.
A message vias received from the President of the United
States through Mr. A. VAN BUREN, his private Secretary.
The following petitions and memorials were presented
and referred:
By Mr. McKEAN: The memorial of J. N. Barker and
pthers, of, Philadelphia, remonstrating, against repealing the
la* establishing an express mail. Referred to the Com-
mittee on the Post Office and Post Roads.
Also, two petitions from citizens of Philadelphia, pray-
ing Congress to adopt measures for finishing the frigate
Raritan. Referred to the Commnittee on Naval Affairs.
Also, a memorial from young men of Philadelphia, re-
nionstrating against annexing Texas to the United States.
Laid on the table;
By Mr. RUGGLES : The memorial of Jos. H. Adams,
President of the Oceanr Insurance Company, and of a nunm-
ber of other officers of Marine Insurance Companies,
and of a number of the merchants of Boston, for the erec-
tion at the entrance of Boston harbor of one of Morse's
Perpetual Fog Bells. The memorial commends the inven-
tion as an important one to the commercial cominumiity, for
the invention of which, Mr. Morse has received a gold
medal from the Mechanics' Association of Boston, and the
highest reward in the power of the New York Mechanics'
Institute to bestow.
Mr. R. also presented the petition of several shipmasters
and branch pilots of Boston, for the same object.
By Mr. MERRICK: For indemnity for Spanish spo-
liations.
By Mr. TALLMADGE: From importing hardware
merchants of New York, praying the repeal of certain
clauses in the second section of the tariff act of 1832.
" Laid on the table, as a bill for that object is already in pro-
gress.
5y Mr. YOUNG: For the establishment of a post
route.
By Mr. RIVES: A remonstrance against the reinstate-
ment of officers in the Navy who have withdrawn or been
dismissed.
And by ]kessrs. FULTON, MERRICK, ROANE,
PIERCE, SMITH, of Indiana, and MORRIS, all on
individual claims.
VERMONT RESOLUTIONS.
Mr. SWIFT again presented the resolutions of the Le-
gislature of Vermont, in relation to slavery and the slave
trade in the, District of Columbia and Territories, and
against the annexation of Texas to the Union. Mr. S.
accompanied the presentation of the resolutions with some
remarks, and moved that they be received.
A discussion arose on the subject, in which Messrs.
PRENTISS, PRESTON, STRANGE, KING, CAL-
HOUN, SWIFT, WHITE, and ROANE participated.
Mr. STRANGE moved to lay the motion to receive the
resolutions on the table; which was negatived-Ayes 12,
noes 26.
On motion of Mr. SWIFT, the resolutions were then
received, and laid on the table for the present.
SUB-TREASURY SCHEME.
Mr. WRIGHT, from the Committee on Finance, re-
ported a bill, imposing additional duties on certain public
officers as depositaries, creating receivers general of the
public money, and to regulate the deposits of the Dublic
money.
The bill was read, and ordered to a second reading.
Mr. WRIGHT moved that it be made the special ordei
for this day week.
Mr. CLAY, of Ky., said he would like a little longer
time. The Senate had been in session a great while, and
public expectation was high on this subject. Mr. C. had
never seen a section of the bill; he understood that its de-
tails were numerous; and he therefore hoped that more
time would be given for the consideration of a bill of sc
momentous a character.
Mr. WEBSTER rose, he said, to make two questions
In regard to this. and other measures of the Government
he had no disposition to oppose delay, with any purpose ol
thwarting them. This, however, was one of the most im-
portant subjects before the Senate, and of great interest tc
the community; he, therefore, desired as much delay as
was consistent with a due regard to the convenience ol
the Senate. He also wished that the bill and all its pro-
visions should be made as generally known as possible
He therefore moved that the bill be made the special ordei
for this day two weeks, and that 1,500 extra copies be or-
-f.06o -;Mr x
Mr. CALHOUN express'etf wisll uL31
ment might be only to this day week, and not a fortnight:
as proposed by Mr. WEBSTER. He thought a speedy ac-
tion on this important measure highly desirable. It did
,not require any more discussion, as it was fully discussed
last session, and the country was well acquainted with its
merits.
The question being taken on Mr. WEBSTER'S motion
the bill was made the special order for this day two weeks:
Ayes 22, noes 20 ; and 1,500 extra copies were ordered tobe
printed.
Mr. PRESTON, on leave, introduced a bill for the re-
lief of Dr. Thomas Cooper. Read twice, and referred.
Mr. SEVIER offered a resolution calling upon the Sec-
retary of War to examine the papers of the Cherokee
Prince Leocheehau, and to give his opinion as to the lia
ability of the United States for depredations committed upor
his property.
Mr. BUCHANAN said, that having seen this morning@
in the National Intelligencer that the statement of Col
McNabb about the Caroline had created great excitement
in the militia on the frontiers, soas to render the preserva-
tion of peace yet more difficult than it was before, he was
anxious to take up the bill to prevent conterminous colli-
sions, and to give authority for the seizure of arms intend-
ed to be used against neighboring Powers.
The Senate refused to take it up at this hour, (it being
late,) and
On motion of Mr. LINN, adjourned.


HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
MISSISSIPPI ELECTION.
The CHAIR having announced that this was the day
on which, by a resolution of the House, the report of the
Committee on Elections on the claim of two new members
from Mississippi to a seat in the House was to be taken up
for consideration-
Mr.- BRONSON offered the following resolution:
"Resolved, That Messrs. S. S. PRENTISS and T. J. WonR
are not members of the 25th Congress, and are not entitled tc
seats in this House as such."
Before any decision on this resolution-
Mr. WISE, by leave, moved, as preliminary, a resolu-
tion, which, qn suggestion of Mr. BELL, he modified so as
to read as follows:
"Resolved, That S. S. PRENTISS and T. J. WORD have
leave to occupy a seat within the bar of this House pending the
discussion of the report of the Committee on Elections upon
their petition ; and that they have leave to speak to the merits
of the petition and the report of the committee thereon."
Mr. HOWARD here presented a statement in manu-
script (there having been no time to print,) by Mr. CLAI-
BORNE, who is detained by illness from the House, pre-
senting an argument of the case in behalf of himself and
his colleague, and moved that it be read at the Clerk's table.
After some conversation on points of order, Mr. WISE
at the suggestion of Mr. BELL, modified his resolution so
as to preserve the words of a similar resolution adopted in
the case of Mr. Arnold.
Mr. FOSTER moved to amend the resolution as fol-
lows:
Resolved, ThatS. S. Prentiss and T. J. Word have leave to
appear at the bar of this House, and argue the merits of their
application for seats therein."
This amendment was debated by Messrs. FOSTER,
WISE, BELL, POPE, GLASCOCK, HAMER,
REED, CUSHING, HAWES, and MIDDLE; when,
to end this preliminary discussion, Mr. BOON moved the
Previous Question.
The motion was sustained by the House, the previous
question put and carried, and the main question on the
adoption of the original resolution was decided in the af-
firmative.
By order of the CHAIR, seats were now assigned in
the broad passage in front of the Chair for Messrs. PREN-
TISS and WORD.
Mr. HOWARD again pressed his request that the
-_ N4 fl .1 1 -. .


Mr. GHOLSON asked Mr. HOWARD if he had moved
for the printing of this paper ?
Mr. HOWARD replied that he had not made the mo-
tion, though he thought the printing would be 'ery proper.
Mr. GHOLSON then said that he arid his colleague
were not before this House asking its charity for the
printing of this paper: and though they might inot be as
ab!b as some to pay printers' bills, they did rot b'cg the
House to pay for it. Mr. G. added another remark, which
led to a reply from Mr. WISE, of a very angry character,
which was instantly retorted by Mr. GHOLSON, in a
similar strain.
The CHAIR interposed, in both cases, the moment the
wdrds were uttered.
The reading of the, paper was now ordered; and the
Clerk had proceeded soie way in the reading ; when
Mr. RENCHER moved that, in consequence of the ill-
ness of Mr. CLAIBORNE, the further consideration of the
case be postponed.
The paper having been read through--
Mr. BELL offered a resolution making this report the
order of the day for this (lay and every day succeeding,
until the subject should have been finally disposed of.
Mr. RENCHERsaid that Messrs. PRENTISS and WORD
concurred in the wish that the case should be postponed if
there was a prospect that Mr. CLAIBsRNE would be able,
in any reasonable time, to return to his seat.
Mr. GHOLSON said it was his own desire, and that of
his colleague, that there should he no delay, but that Mr.
BELL'S motion should prevail.
Mr. BELL modified the resolution so as not to make
this subject the order of the day till one o'clock each day,
in which form it was agreed to.
The question now recurring on the resolution moved at
the commencement of the sitting by Mr. BRONSON, viz.
Resolved, That S. S PRENTISS and T. J. WORD are net
members of the 25th Congress, and are not entitled to
seats in the's House as such."
Mr. UNDERWOOD moved for the printing of Mr.
CL'AmORNE'S statement, which had been read. On this
motion a desultory debate arose, in which Messrs. UNDER-
WOOD, GRAVES, IHOWARD, PATTON, JENIFER, and CILLEY
took part; when, to save time, Mr. UNDERWOOD withdrew
his motion.
The motion was immediately renewed by Mr. CILLEY,
and the discussion renewed by Messrs. CILLEY, PENNY-
BACKER, GRAVES, BRONSON, GLASCOCK, PATTON, and
UNDERWOOD, when, the question being put, the printing.
was ordered.
Mr. DAWSON, of Georgia, after some allusion to the
very painful occurrence between Messrs. GboLSON and
WISE, moved the following resolution:
"The hon. SAML. J. GHOLSON, a member of this House
from the State of Mississippi, and the hon. H. A. WISE, also a
member from the State of Virginia, having spoken language
subject to the sensure of this House,.because in violation of its
rules,
Be it therefore Resolved, That those gentlemen do now
make submission to this body."
S As this motion had relation to a question of privilege,
Sthe CHAIR decided that it took precedence of every subject
' before the House.
Statements were then made by Mr. WISE and Mr.
GHOLSON, (in the course of which both were called to
order by the CHAIR;) after which,
Mr. GLASCOCK moved to lay the resolution of Mr.
- DAWSON on the table. He withdrew the motion, however,
at the request of
e Mr. MERCER, who quoted Jefferson's Manual to
Prove that the motion of Mr. DAWSON, not having been
made immediately after the occurrence, was out of order.
He then, in compliance with a promise to Mr. GLASCOCK,
Renewed the motion to lay the resolution on the table ; and
it was laid on the table.
r Mr. MERCER then offered the following resolution:
d "Resolved, That Messrs. GHOLSON and W\VISE, members of
this House, between whom warm words have passed in debate,
be required by the Speaker to declare in their places that they
e "will not prosecute further the quarrel which has arisen this day
0 between them."
This resolution was supported at great length, and with
great feeling and earnestness, by Mr. MERCER.
S Mr. JENIFER, believing that it would aggravate, in-
Sstead of allaying, the excitement, moved to lay the resolu-
tion on the table.
0 On this motion, Mr. MERCER demanded the yeas and
8 nays, which, being taken, resulted as follows : Yeas 78,
f nays 123.
So the House refused to lay the resolution on the table.
The debate was further continued by Messrs. HOW-
r ARD, POPE, JENIFER, MERCER, TURNEY,
SGLASCOCK, CUSHING, and REED, when the House,
S.- Y~tasY.l1Gjg'jn, onn motion of Mr. JENI-
> ,- *---.
In the House of Representatives, on Monday, Mr. Ew-
SING presented the following petitions, viz.
Of M. Bruillet, for compensation of a horse lost in the public
s service.
Of Wm. Purcell, for compensation of two horses lost in the
, public service.
: And the claim of D. S. Chambers, for deficiency of land pa-
e tented.

MESSRS. EDITORros: As one of your constant readers, I
must take the freedom of remonstrating, in behalf of my-
- self and others, against a sore grievance. During the pre-
e sent session of Congress you have adopted the practice of
giving in detail all the petitions presented to the two
a Houses, not only on private claims, pensions, &c. (which
interest nobody but the petitioners, and the notice of which
" might well be dispensed with until reported on,) but also of
t the swarms of petitions about slavery and Texas; and, if
t they go on increasing, they will soon take up your whole
paper, to the exclusion of every thing else. You have
s adopted the practice, I suppose, either to gratify the mem-
bers presenting these petitions, or to entertain and instruct
your readers. If it be for the latter reason, gentlemen, I
beg you to believe that you are egregiously mistaken-unless,
indeed, their insertion is paid for, and then your readers
might tolerate them as those other necessary evils-tax


lists, &c.-because they would then have at least the con-
solation of knowing that if they are annoyed you are ben-
efited.
Look, gentlemen, for instance, at this morning's Intelli-
gencer. Out of the near six columns of Congressional
matter which you gave us, three of them are taken up with
an enumeration and description of individual petitions pre-
sented on the subject above referred to. In the name of
mercy, gentlemen, if these endless petitions must be no-
ticed, would it not be sufficient for all the purposes of pub-
lic information to state that Mr. A B presented so many
Petitions from so many inhabitants of such a State, without
giving them all and each in detail as at present ? Think of
this, I pray you, and see if the evil be not susceptible of a
remedy. A READER.
WASHINGTON, JAN. 16.
[Here is a correspondent who objects, on general grounds,
Sto a practice of recent growth, which, we supposed, con-
Scerned only ourselves, by the expense it involves, and our
advertising customers by the space in our columns of which
it deprives them of the use of. We do not (as our corres-
Spondent appears inclined to) consider the publication of the
list of petitions an evil in itself, but, on the contrary, as
desirable, if made at the cost of those whom it benefits,
that is, of the Public generally, and not of the proprietors
of newspapers, to whom, without any advantage, it is in
fact a dead loss. But until very lately, these lists were not
published, and are now published only partially; that is,
so far as those who present these petitions communicate the
names, contents, &c. to the Reporters. We shall not, for
0 a time at least, refuse a place to these petition lists; but,
Sas well to avoid taxing too heavily the good-will of publish-
ers, as to make the publication general, authentic, and reg-
ula.i, it is really highly desirable that the House of Repre-
sentatives (or perhaps both Houses) should cause these
things to be published daily, or periodically, in some one
or more papers published at the Seat of Government, pay-
ing therefore a reasonable compensation, such as is paid for
ordinary advertising. Such a regulation would at least be
an approach to a compliance with the positive injunction,
which is now effectively a DEAD letter, in the Constitution,
that "each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings,
and from time to lime publish the same."-EDITORS.]


WASHING ON.
Liberty anid UiLton, nowv and forever, one andi

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 17, 1838.

in the Senate, yesterday, a bill was reported
by the Committee on Finance, embracing the
project of the Administration, varying conside-
rably from the sub-Treasury scheme of the late
extra session, and by so much the more excep-
tionable as it varies from that scheme. The
bill is of great length, and we have no means
of obtaining a copy of it. Tlie following is,
however, a summary of its principal provisions:
First. Certain rooms in the new Treasury
Building, with safes and vaults, are to consti-
tute the Treasury of the United States.
Second. The Mint and the Branch Mints are
also to be public depositories of the public mo-
neys.
Third. Certain special depositories are to be
created, viz. in Charleston, New York, and
Boston, and officers to be appointed therefore, to
be called Receivers-General, with salaries, &c.
Fourth. In certain cases, collectors of publire
moneys may make special deposits in banks,
the key upon such depositories to be retained
by the depositing officer.
Fifth. Many provisions are proposed, by
bond and otherwise, for the security of money
in the hands of those officers.
Sixth. Exclusive specie payments, for all dues
and debts to Government, to be required after a
certain time: say, four or six years hence.
Another feature, if we understand aright, an-
nuls the requisition of specie payments at the
land offices, permitting the alternative of paying
the money into the Treasury at Washington,
certificates of such payment to be received as
cash at the land offices.

THE BANK FAILURE AT BOSTON.-The fail-
ure of the Commonwealth's Bank, it appears,
has been anticipated by well-informed persons
in the city of Boston for several months past.
The following remarkable paragraphs, referring
to that institution, are extracted from the file of
the Boston Atlas:
FROM THE ATLAS OF JUNE 5, 1837.
Is it not true that one of the deposit banks in this city
-the bank of the new-fashioned Democracy"(!)-the
Pet par excellence of the Administration-would have
been compelled to stop payment on the day of the general
suspension, even if the-banks in New York and this city
had continued to pay ? Was it not brought up short
the day before-unable to pay its balances-and with a
few pieces of foreign gold, and less than a hundred dollars
in silver, for the sum total of specie in its vaults ?
FROM THE ATLAS OF JUNE 2, 1837.
No sooner did they receive the deposits, than the pet
banks commenced a career of the most blind, reckless, and
profligate speculations, that ever disgraced any age or na-
tion. And who took the lead in them ? Pet-Bank dk,
rectors, officers, and stockholders-custom-house otficers,'
navy agents-leading partisans of the Administration.
And where did the money come from ? What paid for.
Eastern lands-Western lands-the piles of granite on
our wharves- to insinuate nothing of the monument of
Spoils Patriotism in the vicinity of Dorchester Heights I
BILLS Or TilE PET BANKS. And to whom were these
loaned' To the Whlig mer-chant NOT AT ALL. '
"" nd the hopeful convert. The U
Ban aK s !a11 a '5-tit r-_-" .1 ..-.. -.
they were to reward the fidelity of old -friends, to enlight-
en, encourage, and stimulate the new-born zeal of the
converted.

NEW WORK ON EDUCATION.
HOOAN & THOMPSON (of Philadelphia) have in press,
and will publish in a few days, a work with the following ti-
tie : Hints on a, System of Popular Education ; addressed
to R. S. Field, Esq. Chairman of the Committee on Edu-
cation in the Legislature of New Jersey, and to the Rev.JA.
B. Dod, Professor of Mathematics in the College of New
Jersey, by E. C. WINES, author of Two Years anti a
Half in the Navy," and late Principal of the Edgehill
School. 12mo.
We have had an opportunity of examining some of the
sheets of this work in its progress through the press, and
have been struck with the very able and clear manner in
which the importance of popular education is illustrated
and enforced. We cannot but think the work will meet
warm approbation, and be productive of immense good, by
drawing the attention of the Public to this very important
subject, and urging it with the force of conviction upon
their minds.-Comn. Herald.
CINCINNATI, JAN. 9.


ANOTHER SUB-TREASURY BANK RUN oFF.-We learn
that a Mr. Klinepeeler, or some similar name, postmaster
at Liberty, Montgomery county, in this State, after peeling
the bark off most of the Van-Jacks of the township, had
decamped with the spoils, some eight or ten thousand dol-
lars, which he had borrowed from his political friends ;
most of the amount without security, such was their con-
fidence in the integrity of Mr. Van Buren's new Treasury
Banks.
CORRESPONDENCE Or' THE BALTIMORE CHRONICLE.
ANNAPOLIS, (MD.) JAN. 10, 1838.
Applications for divorces are pouring in from all quar-
ters. You would suppose, from the anxiety of so many to
be relieved from the marriage vow, that the place of hap-
piness is the single station." There are some curious
cases before the House. One from the Eastern Shore sets
forth that the parties quarrelled the day after the wed-
ding," and now hate each other with a brotherly hate;"
what this last is you will find on reference to Byron's Let-
ters ; he said he loved a good hater," and methinks he
would have been enraptured with the swain in this case.
'Tis melancholy, and a fearful sign
Of human frailty, folly, also crime,
That love and marriage rarely can combine.
Within a few years divorces have been granted, with
but little objection, for almost any cause, and the indiffer-
ence with which they pass is indeed a fearful sign" of
the absence in the majority of the members of the proper
feeling as to the sanctity of the marriage rite.
I believe no one part of the State is distinguished above
another for the number of its applications for divorces, un-
less it be the city of Baltimore. One divorce, if no more,
has already been granted to persons residing in that city,
and there is a score of others pending.

An attempt, somewhat original, at extorting money, has
been ineffectually played off upon Gov. EVERETT, of Mas-
sachusetts. A letter was addressed to him, stating that
certain parties had it in contemplation to abduct one of his
children, and keep it secluded till he should sign a pardon
for a convict now in the State Prison. The writer said
for ten dollars, to be sent to him through the post office, he
would disclose to the Governor the names of all the parties.
The Governor very properly sent the letter to the District
Attorney, who caused a letter addressed as requested to be
put into the post office, instructing the postmaster to detain
whoever should sall for it. A man named Hollis Parker
did call, was arrested, confessed that he wrote the letter,
and insisted that it was true, naming another person as his
informant that norcnn dlonoerl ndor to h -l Ilrn 1 .......r-,w4d


I

We corn
ed citizen
inviting to
in any wis(


RAILROAD TRAVELLING.

ply with the request of a distinguish-
by copying the following article, and
it the serious attention of all whom it
Concerns :


PROM TH-E UNITED STATES GAZETTE.
To the Public, and to the Managers, Agents, and
Conductors of Railroads.
The follow ing appeal is made in the hope that it may be
the means of'saving life, or at least of securing exemption
from cruel injury to some follow-creatures.
The desire to render this appeal as forcible as possible
must be the apology for the gloomy details which accom-
pany it. It i,s not to gratify the usual morbid propensity to
read of distress, or to give food to so depraved an appetite,
but, if possil le, to produce such an effect upon all concern-
ed, as may be the means of obviating the evil, which was
the source of all the agony of those hours that immediately
followed the late accident on the PORTSMOUTH AND ROAN-
OKE RAILROAD, and of the cruel sufferings by which it has
been attended.
The writer of this appeal and his only daughterwere
part of the company who took their places in the centre car
of three, which formed a part of the train upon the above-
named road, on the morning of the 10th of December. Our
fellow-pa5ssengers were two ladies, their children, one in-
fant, two -female servants, and several gentlemen ; the other
cars contained an unknown number, but the third car was
occupied principally by a party of females, who entered it
upon the route, and who were the greatest sufferers by the
accident which occurred shortly afterward. They were in
high spirits, and were evidently seeking pleasure in their
trip, looking forth with gay countenances and cheerful an-
ticipations of enjoyment, at the very moment that they
were brought to the most excruciating tortures, some of
them to death.
The cars were moving at the rate of 12 or 14 miles an
h-our, when a crash was heard, and the writer was con-
sciobs of a sensation of rising in the air, then a fall, but fur-
ther than this all sensation and memory fail, savethe agony
of that moment, when his child was before him, fellow-
creatures, including females and children, around, with the
instant conviction that death, in fearful torture, was claim-
ing his victims from among them.
To,'e ---. -hich followed no pen can give description.
The ts ha rushed to pieces, and all whom
they c1 ex ceplrptno'se only.of the second car, were
lying,) i /'inmangled, on and among the fragments.
The ctrc,; lamentations, and prayers of the less injured,
distressing as they were, were far less appalling than the
faltered accents of the mother who said, "Tell my son to
come tome, I am dying." She died that night. Could any
thing be more agonizing than the situation of that poor
girl, who lay with her limbs jammed and crushed by the
iron wheels for hours, whilst all our efforts to relieve her,
in the absence of all means, and far removed from all aid,
were in vain. Let us close this detail by stating that two
burden cars were emptied of their loads, and in them were
placed twelve of those whose cruel injuries and heart-
rending lamentations can never be forgotten, and they
were conveyed back to the nearest station. The remainder,
with the uninjured, were taken on by another engine and
train, which arrived in a few hours at the place of the ac-
cident.
The loss of life, the wounds and sufferings of the maim-
ed, were not necessary consequences of the accident to the
engine, but were occasioned by the excessively reprehen-
sible custom of attaching burden cars behind the passen-
ger cars. In this instance the facts and circumstances are
as follows:
The road is constructed of light plate rails, laid on wood-
en string pieces and sleepers. The end of one of the rails
was loose, and siood up; it struck the scraper, and threw
the engine oft the track and into the side of the ditch, when
its further progress was arrested, the front of the frame
being buried in the earth. The tender was thrown on its
side, against the back part of the engine, which lay partly
over the track; against this opposing mass, the light pas-
senger cars were crushed to pieces; and the foot of the
baggage car was s:ove in, as it lay upon the pile of ruins,
by the momentum of a number of burden cars loaded
with cotton, in bales, which formed the rear of the train.
It is consistent with the laws of matter and motion, and
many circumstances warrant the belief, that if the passen-
ger cars had been placed behind the burden cars, or if
there had been no burden cars in the train, little or no in-
jury would have resulted to the passengers from the acci-
dent.
A pair of horses which, were in a car forming part of the
*" - ---- -.-* r,,n.,l. ,**.l :. ;_ _
.en car was s,.1ariliy Ji.-rieu .
"his journey, with all these circum-
,stances trcls upon sni memory, and when the papers had
announced the deaths of two of the sufferers, the writer
entered ie of the cars at Washington for Baltimore, and
was paimlty compelled to witness the attachment of bur-
den cars behind the train, and this too in the night, when
obstructions upon the road are much more to be feared.
When th( agent came round to examine, and collect tick-
ets, the writer made the circumstance a subject of earnest
remonstrance. The agent, with honest candor, acknow-
ledged thit the custom was extremely reprehensible, cited
instances of injury from the like causes, regretted that his
remonstrainces had not been attended to, and said that no-
thing was left to him but to look to his own safety in case
of accide it.
In publishing this statement, the writer does not mean
to censure any one; he makes no charge of neglect or
carelessness; but he believes thatthe parties who had con-
trol were not sufficiently aware of the consequence of the
sudden arrestation, (and the consequent liability to injury
of every thing which intervenes,) of such a moving mass
as a train of burden cars, at the ordinary rate of railroad
progress. He feels that this statement is an indispensable
duty to his fellow-creatures, called for by circumstances
from whi'h, providentially, he is a sufferer only in a slight
degree.
PHILADELPHIA, DEC, 23, 1837.

Sales This Dlay.

ALE OF GENTEEL FURNITURE.-By E.
Dyer.--On Wednesday next, 17th inst. at 11 'o'clock A.
M. I shall sell at the two-story brick house corner of2d street
and Pennsylvania Avenue, immediately east of the railroad


depot, thle household furniture of the present occupant, consist-
ing, in part, of-
Mahogany Sideboard and Tables,
Good Ingrain Carpets, Parlor and Chamber Chairs,
Andirons, Shovels, Tongs, and Fenders,
Small Franklin Stove, Mahogany Bureaus,
Wtishstandls, Basins and Ewers,
Bedsteads, good Beds and Bedding.
With many other articles necessary to housekeepers.
Also-- kitchen requisites.
In addition-1 Counter, 2 Show-cases, and Show-bottles.
EDWARD DYER,
jan 15--d3t Auctioneer.
PLENDID GOLD JEWELRY, WATCHES,
CLOTHS, AND FANCY ARTICLES.-This
evening, and willbe continued, if not all sold, on Tuesday and
Wednesday evenings next, at 7 o'clock, under a deed of trust,
for cash, a splendid assortment of Blue, Black, Brown, Oxford
Mixed, Green, and Drab Broadcloths, superfine Stripe, Drab,
and Mixeqd Cassimeres and Satinets, Guim Suspenders, Sewing
Silks, Worked Capes and Collars, Patent Thread, Sewing Cot-
ton, Spool Cotton, French Perfumery, Dirks, Solid Gold Breast-
pins, Earrings, Finger-rings, Guard Chains and Keys, Specta-
cles, Eye-glasscs, Gold and Silver Watches, Penknives and
Razors, with a general assortment of Fancy articles.
jan I MT& SETH HYATT, Auctioneer,
jan 4--MT&W Opposite Brown's Hotel.


BY A. MelNTIRE.--BOOKS-BOOKS-Books.
Oiii Wednesday evening, 17th instant, at 7 o'clock, I
shall sell at auction by catalogue, a large and valuable collec-
tion of miscellaneous Books, in plain, fancy, and handsome
bindings To the lovers of literature in its various branches
a good opportunity offers.
.SURVoEYORS' COMPASSES.-A few cases ef handsome
and superior Surveyors' Compasses remain unsold. These
are first-,rate articles, and will be offered at private sale during
the present week. ALEX. McINTIRE,
jan t5--3t (Globe) Auctioneer.
O)KS TO BE IMPORTED FROM LON-
D)ON.-F. TAYLOR has made arrangements by
which he is enabled to import from London any books (English
or foreign) that are to be found there, upon as advantageous
terms as-are possessed by any house in this country.
Any orders given to him by the 25th of this month will be
- I .I XT r 1- L .- .


HOME INTELLIGENCE.
[REPORTED FOn THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER]
At a meeting held at the First Presbyterian Church, on
41 street, on the evening of January 14, 1838, to -adopt
measures to promote the Sancti1cation qf the Sabbath, in
the city of WASHINGTON and its vicinity, the Rev. STEPHEN
CHAPIN, D. D. was called to the Chair, and J. L. EDWARDS
was appointed Secretary.
The meeting was opened with prayer by the Chairman,
which was followed by an appropriate hymn.
Rev. J. C. SMITH, of Georgetown, after an appropriate
address, offered the following resolution, which was second-
ed by the Rev. W. HAWLEY, and which passed unani-
mously :
Resolved, That the Sabbath was instituted by Almighty God
at the creation, and, as he has never abrogated it, it now remains
in full force.
Rev. Mr. McLAti after some pertinent remarks, offered the
following resolution, which also was adopted :
Resolved, That the necessity for the Sabbath is found in the
nature of man and his relations to the Creator.
Rev. Mr. NOBLE, after a suitable address, offered the follow-
ing resolution, which passed :
Resolved, That the liberties and welfare of this nation are
identified with the strict observance of the Sabbath.
The following resolution, offered by the Rev. Mr. WEBSTER,
was adopted :
Resolved, That all labor performed on the Sabbath, save in
answer to the calls of mercy, is a violation of the law of God,
On motion of Mr. PARKE, seconded by the Rev. Dr. LAURIE,
the following resolution was adopted :
Resolved, That the frequent violations of the Holy Sabbath
by professors of religion and others, are great and threatening
evils, and it behooves them and all others to aid in arresting
their progress.
Rev. Mr. HAWLEYoffered the following resolution, which was
adopted :
Resolved, That the Mayor of the city of Washington be re-
speclfully requested to require some of the police officers of the
Corporation to perambulate our streets, and the different parts
of the city, on the Holy Sabbath, and suppress, by all lawful
means, the noisy and unlawful games in which the youth and
others of our city are so frequently and wickedly engaged in de-
secration of that sacred time, and which so powerfully tend to
subvert the Christian Sabbath; and that the Rev. Dr. Laurie,
and the Rev. Messrs. Hawley, Webster, and Parke be a coim-
mittee to wait on the Mayor, and furnish him with a copy of this
resolution.
The Rev. J. C. SMITH offered the following resolution, which
was adopted:
Resolved, That, to promote more extensively the objects of
this meeting, the ministers of all denominations officiating in the
respective churches in this District be requested to preach on
the strict observance and sanctification of the Sabbath ON or
about the first Sabbath in February next, and that the Secretary
furnish each one of them a copy of this resolution.
Col. JAs. L. EDWARDS offered the following resolution,which
was adopted :
Resolved, That Messrs. JACOB GIDEON, jr. J. W. HAND,
and JACOB NOLLNER be a committee to publish'the proceedings
of this meeting, and adopt and prosecute such measures as may
best promote the sanctification of the Sabbath.
After the benediction, by the Chairman, the meeting ad-
journed.
STEPHEN CHAPIN, D.D. Chairman.
JAS. L. EDWARDS, Secretary.

NATIONAL THEATRE.-The lovers of the drama in this
city have an opportunity of gratifying themselves by wit-
nessing the performances of a great tragedian who is
now playing, under a short engagement, at the National
Theatre. Mr. Boomi is announced to perform for four
nights, and it will certainly be the fault of the patrons of
the legitimate drama in this city, if his stay is not pro-
longed for some time beyond that period. For the sake
of the drama's best interests, as well as for that of
the great tragedian himself and the manager, we hopa
that overflowing, brilliant, and intelligent audiences will
attend the theatre during the whole of BQoth's engage-
ment. It is deemed unnecessary to say a single word in
praise of BOOTH. His professional merit is pre-eminent,
and has been acknowledged by a host of critics, both in
this country and in Europe. We would merely remark
that such is the high estimation in which Booth's repre-
sentation of RICHARD, IAGO, MACBETH, SIR GILES OVER-'
REACH, and other kindred characters, are held, that they
may be witnessed (as they have been, probably, in this
country and Europe) a hundred times, without any dimi-
nution of interest on the part of those intellectual and
enlightened audiences who have uniformly and universally
attended his performances.
We understand from gentlemen of the first standing in
the country as dramatic critics, and who. have recently
witnessed Mr. Booth's celebrated performances in Balti-
more, that at no former period of his professional career
did that gfat tragedian appear to grLater advantage. And
t we are fuh-.ber assured by the Baltimore press generally,
that Mr. Booth's late performances in that city drew the
most brilliant and crowded audiences that were ever wit-
nessed.
While we are writing on this subject, we conceive that
we should not be doing ample justice to the Manager,
whose conduct on a recent occasion, in ridding the house
of a grievous annoyance, has elicited the warm approba-
tion of every respectable patron of the theatre in this com-
munity, if we did not particularly recommend the estab-
lishment to the patronage of the friends of the regular and
well-conducted drama. Having attended the house during
the last week, we can testify that no occurrence, calcu-
lated in the smallest degree to offend the eye or ears of
female delicacy, or to disturb the audience, has ever taken
place. The Public may be assured that, since the exclu-
sion of disorderly persons from the theatre, &c. the best
order has prevailed; and we hope that such a state of
things will continue without any detriment to the mana-
ger's interest.
YI----- L-
MARRIAGES.
On Sunday, the 7th inst. by the Rev. Mr. VAN HoR-
sEIGH, Mr. JAMES J. JARBOE to Miss ELIZABETH
ELLEN SMOOT, all of the District of Columbia.


At the residence of W. HASELL HUNT, Esq. in Nash-
ville, (Tenn.) on the evening of Thursday, Dec. 28, by
the Rev. J. THOMAS WHEAT, Rector of Christ Church,
Mr. ALEXANDER S. VILLEPLAIT to Miss SA-
RAH A. ROSCOE.
On Thursday last, by the Rev. W. McLAIN, JAMES
CUNNINGHAM to Miss SARAH ANN JONES, all
of this city.
DEATHS.
On Monday, the 15th instant, in the 28th year of her
age, BRIDGET WHELAN, relict of the late WILLIAM
WHELAN.
In Georgetown, D. C. on the morning of the 14th Janu-
ary, SOPHIA M. SMITH, youngest daughter of AN-
THONY SMITH, in the 17th year of her age, after a painful
illness of three weeks, which she bore with the greatest
composure and fortitude.

NATIONAL THEATRE.-WASHINGTON.

The highly celebrated Tragedian Mr. BOOTH will-make his
second appearance in his favorite character of Sir Edward Mor-
timer.
THIS EVENING, JANUARY 17,
Will be performed Coleman's Drama of the
IRON CHEST;
Or, The Mysterious Mnurderer.
Sir Edward Mortimer, Mr. BOOTH.
To conclude with tie interesting Drama of
THERESE,
The Orphan of Geneva.
On Thursday the last night but one of the engagement of Mr.
BOOTH.
GEORGETOWN ASSEMBLIES-Will be held
at the Union Hotel on the evenings of the 25th of Janu-
ary, and the 8th and 22d of February.
Tickets of admission may be obtained by non-subscribers on
application to any manager.
MANAGERS.


Colonel John Cox
Com. Charles Morris
Col. Samuel Humphreys
Cul. John Carter
Col. Geo. C. Washington
Dr. O. M. Linth.icum
John Mason, Jr.
Wmn. A. Gordon
Clement Cox
Dr. Wm. Plater


J. S. Ringgold
A. 1H. Dodge
Jno. T. Coehrane
T. R. Cruttenden
J. W. Bronaugh, Jr.
R. L. Mackall
Geo. C. Bomford
Daniel Boyd
Clement Smith, Jr.


EDITORS' CORRESPONDENCE.


NEW YORK, JAN. 15.
The latest news we'have from Navy Island is
the apparent intention of Gen. VAN RENSSE-
LAER to leave the Island, and go up the Lake
in order to embark on the main land; of the
apparent abandonment of all attack upon it by
McNABB, because he cannot make his militia
volunteer; of the arrival of another steamboat_
at Schlosser, the Barcenola, from Buffalo, to act
as a ferry boat there ; and of the increase of the
Navy Island forces by French Canadians and
Americans.
Of DUNCOMBE's reported forces in the vici-
nity of Fort Maiden, if there are any, all is
doubtful. One report puts hirh on a British Is-
land, another says he has died.
The probability is, as McNABB cannot, or
dare not, make an attack upon Navy Island,
that the Navy Islanders will sail in a steamboat
to go up the Lake, in order to effect a debarka-
tion, for the purpose of joining compatriots,
who, it is said, are somewhere or other, I hear
not for a certainty where.
The British account of the Schlosser affair
has made a moat painful impression upon the
public mind, and embarrassed very much the
peaceful_action of the Government on the fron-
tier. Gen. SCOTT will not be able to do any
thing effectual there. One fact shows the tem-
per of the people he will have to execute his
orders :-when the steamboat from Buffalo
reached Schlosser, the militia stationed there to
preserve neutrality gave three cheers, and the
band struck up Yankee Doodle.
SThis is the day for transactions in foreign ex-
change. To-morrow being packet day, exchange
on London is 110 to 110i, which is higher than.
bythe last packets. Our moneyed men here feel
a good deal of interest in Mr. JAUDON'S efforts
in London to effect the sale of the surplus U.
S. Bank stock, which, if effected, will save us
from a large drain of money, or rather give us
so much credit there.
Our rates of domestic exchange vary every
day on Mississippi, Detroit, and St. Louis, and
a quotation made one day will not stand the
next.
The Boston banks, so far as I can judge, all
stand firm, the Commonwealth except, which
has gone over the dam for the present at least.
From JAMAICA we have dates to the 23d ult.
but there is nothing new worth quoting.
Our Legislature will suspend, if not repeal,
the small-bill law.
Treasury drafts now sell at the Board of Bro-
kers 1 per cent. under paper money, and Trea-
sury notes -ths per cent. under paper money,
which is. 2 or 3 per cent. under American gold.
U. S. Bank Stock is up to 120j. European
operations, withlthe good account given of its
condition, are the cause of this rise, perhaps.
Our merchants here express much surprise
that no movements are made by the Administra-
tion party in Congress on the subject of the
currency. The contraction of the currency which
must take place till Congress exercises its vested
power for its regulation is destruction to all trade
and all enterprise. The spring is coming, the
season of improvements, and Congress is doing,
on this subject, nothing. If the speeiat-depQl-
site system is to be pursued, it is time to know it.

SPLENDID CAPITALS.

$30,000--$10,000.
14 DRAWN NUMBERS.
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of the Mechanical Benevolent Society of Nor-
folk.
Class No. 1, for 1838.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, Jan. 27, 1838.
GRAND SCHEME.
$30,000-$10,000-$6,000-$5,000,
$4,000-$3,000-$2,500-$2,120-82,000.
25 prizes of 1,000
20 do 500
20 do 400, &c.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets, $120
I)o do 25 half do 60
Do do 25 quarter do 30

$25,000 CAPITAL.
MARYLAND STATE LOTTERY.
Class No. 4, for 1838.


To be drawn at Baltimore, Jan. 31, 1838.
CAPITAL PRIZES.
$25,000-$8,000-$5,000-$3,500-$2,322
20 prizes of 2,000
20 do 500
20 do 400
20 do 200, &c.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 22 whole tickets $120
Do do 22 half do 60
Do do 22 quarter do 30

VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of Monongalia Academy.
Class No. 1, for 1838.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on the 3d Feb. 1838.
GRAND CAPITAL PRIZES.
$35,294-$11,764-$6,000-$5,000-$3,000,
$2,500-$2,361.
50 of $1,000! &c. &c.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets $130
Do do 25 half do 65
Do do 25 quarter do 32 50
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of the town of Wheeling.
Class No. 1, for 1838.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Virginia, Saturday, Feb. 10, 1&8S.
SPLENDID SCHEME.
$30,000-$10,000-$6,000- ,00-$4,000,
$2,500-$2,000-$1,747j.
25 prizes of 1,000
25 do 500
28 do 300, &e.
Tickets $10-Halves $5- Quarters 82 50. '
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets, $130
Do. do 25 half do 65
Do. do 25 quarter do 32 50
STATE OF VIRGINIA,
RICHMOND ACADEMY LOTTERY.
Class No. 1, for 1838.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., on Saturday, Feb. 17, 1838.
MOST SPLENDID PRIZES.
1 prize of $40,000
1 do 10,000
I ,. nnn















BALTIMORE & PORT DEPOSIT RAIL-ROAD OFFICE,
BALTIMORE, DECEMBER 28.
HE CARS OF THE PHILADELPHIA,
WILMINGTON AND BALTIMORE RAIL-
ROAD COMPANIES, will, for the present, continue to
leave the depot in Pratt street daily at 7 o'clock A. M. for Phil-
adelphia and the intermediate places.
The Rail road from Wilmington towards Philadelphia being
completed to the Schuylkill, the passengers will be conveyed
on that road to Philadelphia as soon as the Delaware becomes
impracticable for the steamboat Telegraph, all the arrangements
having been made to that effect. dec 30



L OUISA RAILROAD.-The transportation of passen-
gers on this road commenced regularly on the 22d inst.
The charges are as follows :
Frederick's Hall Depot to Beaverdam $00 75
Ditto to Junction 1 50
Ditto to Richmond 2 75
Ditto to Fredericksbuig 3 75
A daily train leaves Richmond for Frederick's Hall at 121
P. M. Frederick's Hall for Richmond and Fredericksburg, at
4 A.M.
Stages will be run regularly between Frederick's Hall and
Charlottesville by Messrs. Boyd & Edmonds & Stockton & Co.
in connexion with the train. The stage fare will not exceed
$2 75. Passengers preferring so to do will have it in their
power to pay at Richmond and Fredericksburg through to
Charlottesville.
Distance from Richmond to Frederick's Hall about 46 miles.
Distance from Frederick's Hall to Charlottesville about 44.
This train connects regularly with the mail line to and from
Fredericksburg and Washington City. Passengers leaving
Richmond or Fredericksburg at half past 12 o'clock in the day,
arrive at Charlottesville, (with but little night travelling,) by
10 o'clock next morning; and, in return, leaving Charlottes-
ville after the arrival of the stages from Staunton, arrive in
Richmond or Fredericksburg by half past 8 next morning.
dec 25-tf



WASHINGTON BRANCH RAILROAD.-On
and after Monday next, the llth instant, the cars will
leave the depot in this city for Baltimore at 9 o'clock A. M., in-
stead of 91 A. M., as heretofore.
The object of this alteration is to render certain the arrival of
the train at Baltimore early enough to afford ample time for pas-
sengers going North to take the steamboat, which now departs
daily for Philadelphia, at half past 12 o'clock.
The afternoon train will, as heretofore, leave the depot at a
quarter after 5 o'clock P. M. sept 8-d6t&wtf
WASHINGTON BRANCH RAILROAD TRANSPORTATION DEPOT,
WASHINGTON, DEC. 13, 1837.
T IS RESPECTFULLY MADE KNOWN,
That merchandise or other commodities received at this
Depot for delivery in this city, or to be forwarded to Baltimore,
or to points on the line of the road, will, hereafter, be subject
to the following regulations, of which those interested will please
take notice :
1st. The freight and charges on all goods consigned to indi-
viduals in this city or its vicinity must be paid before their re-
moval from the depot.
2d. Commodities offered for transportation must be distinctly
marked, and-be accompanied by a list, in duplicate, of the num-
ber and description of packages to be forwarded; the name of
the consignee, and of the party forwarding the same ; otherwise
they cannot be received.
The Company will not be responsible for damage arising from
leakage or breakage ; nor will they be responsible for damage
alleged to have been received by any goods or commodities
transported by them, unless the claim shall be made before the
removal of the goods from the depot; further, if goods which
shall have been transported on this road be not received or
taken away by their consignees or owners on the day of their
arrival at the depot, the Company will not be responsible for, or
pay any claims for loss-or damage which may be sustained by
such goods; in other words, if goods as above described, be per-
mitted to remain in or on the cars on the railway, or at the de-
p9t, one or more nights after their arrival, they will remain so
at the exclusive risk of the owners or consignees.
The hours for receiving and delivering goods will, until fur-
ther notice, be from 9 A. M. till 4 P. M.
By order: SAML. STETTINIUS,
dec 14- Agent.
FOR NORFOLK.-The stea-
mer COLUMBIA, Captain JAMES
MITCHELL, will leave Washington
every Thursday, at 12 o'clock A.
M. arriving in Norfolk in due time for the Charleston steam-
boat, Portsmouth railroad cars, and the Richmond steamboat.
Returning, will leave Norfolk at 3 o'clock P. M. every Sun-
day. Passage and fare $6. (Globe & Alex. Gaz.)
oct 28-eotf
T -lIJ2 5A..j G, TRAVELING, AND POCKET
. P TISTOLS.-A large and general assortment, of supe-
rior quality, London made, for sale on the most accommodating
terms, at the old established Snuff, Tobacco and Fancy Store,
between 11th and 12th streets, Penn. Av.
LEWIS JOHNSON.
P. S. Best old Yellow Leaf James River and Barboursville
Chewing Tobacco. Real Principe and Havana Segars. All
kinds of best European and American Snuffs, &c. &c. for sale
cheap as-above. / jan 1
GEORGE .SWEENY, Notary Public, Convey-
ancer, and General Agent, has opened an office in
Elliot's new block of buildings, on Pennsylvania Avenue, east of
4 street, where he is ready to execute any business committed
o him.
G. S. will undertake the prosecution of claims upon congress
and the Executive Departments of the Government, and will
be thankful to those who may favor him with orders or com-
missions.
His well-known experience in all such business as he pro-
poses to undertake, renders particular references unnecessary.
dec 4-dlww3m [Globe]
g The Baltimore Patriot, Philadelphia Enquirer, New York
Journal of Commerce, Charleston Courier, New Orleans Bul-
letin, Cincinnati Gazette, Louisville Journal, and Mobile Com-
mercial Advertiser will please to insert the above six times,
and send their accounts to the advertiser for payment.
EW WORKS.-Letters of Lucius M. Piso, from Pal-
myra, to his friend, Marcus Curtius, at Rome.
The Christian Professor, addressed, in a series of Counsels


and Cautions, to the members of Christian churches. By John
Angell James.
A New Tribute to the Memory of J. Brainerd Taylor.
Modern Accomplishment-, or the March of Intellect. By
Miss C. Sinclair.
Modern Society, or the March of Intellect, the conclusion of
Modern Accomplishments. By Miss C. Sinclair.
Pretension. By Sarah Stickney, author of Poetry of Life.
2 vols.
Zinzendorff, and other Poems. By Mrs. L. Sigourney.
A Good Life, extracted from the true plan of a Living Tempt,
or man considered in his proper relation to the ordinary occu-
pations and pursuits of life. With an introductory Essay. By
John Brazer.
The Christian Father at Home, or Manual of Parental In-
struction. In two parts. 1st. On the Necessity of Salvation.
2d. On the Way of Salvation. "By W. C. Brownlee, D.D.
Worth a Million. Stories from Real Life. Part 5.
The Young Wife, or Duties of Woman in the Marriage Re-
lation. By Dr. Alcott.
Just received and for sale, at No. 5, Varnum's Row, be-
tween 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
jan 1 R. FARNHAM.
OSTER'S COUNTING HOUSE MANUAL;
or, the Merchant's, Banker's, and Tradesman's Assistant.
For sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
dec 8 R. FARNHAM.
DARLING'S PATENT ROTARY PISTOLS.
LEWIS JOHNSON has just received a case of these
superior instruments, which he invites the Public to call and
see. jan 5-3t
ARYLAND POCKET ANNUAL for 1838,
containing an almanac, eclipses, moveable feasts, &c.
officers of the State, officers of the several counties of the State,
United States officers in Maryland, meetings of the courts,
election returns, members of the Legislature, Executive of the
United States, Congress, dates of the State elections, revenue
of Maryland, State Government expenses, newspapers, &c. in
Maryland, religions in the United States, popular statistics,
heights of principal mountains, census of the United States for
1830-estimatedTor 1840, population arranged in sections, cen-
sus of Maryland from 1.790 to 1820 and '30, &c. The above
work may be had at Stationers' Hall; price only 50 cents.
jan 5 (Met & Adv) W. FISCHER.


- -i~~.~-~LLIICI~C'~f I I I I


20 do
15 do
15 do
18 do
15 do
15 do
15 do
10 do
10 do
6 do
,6 do


Burgundy
Blackburn
Murdoch
Grape Juice
Oliveira
Tigta
Sercial
Otranto
Malmsey
Johnson
Constantia


do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
SHERRIES.


40 do Pale Lobo, Carera, Oldham, Gold, &c. very su-
perior
40 do Brown, Lobo, Romano, Duff, Gordon's
20 do Pure Grape Juice, Port
20 do Otard, Iupuy & Co's Brandy, very superior
20 do do Pale do do
18 do Champagne'Brandy do
15 do Peach do do
10 do Jamaica Spirits do
15 do Irish Whiskey do
20 do Monongahela Whiskey, 18 years old
CHAMPAGNES.
50 do Sparkling Champagne, Napoleon brand
20. do do do Anchor dsa
15 do do do -Grape do
10 do do do Harp do
6 do do do Pints, Napoleon do
20 do London Porter, Brown Stout, Scotch Ale, quart and
pint bottles
FRENCH WINES AND CORDIALS.
50 dozen Clarets, Chateau Margeaux, Leoville, Medoc, St.
Julien, Sauterne, White and Red Hermitage
CORDIALS.
25 dozen Marisehino,Curacoa Liqueurs, Perfect Lote,Cinna-
mon, Rose, Lemon, Aniseed, &c. _
RHENISH WINES;
20 dozen Hock, Marcobruner, Hockheimer, &c.
ON DRAFT.
12 pipes Madeira Reserved, Star, Burgundy, Murdoc, Black-
burn, Howard March & Co.'s Tinta, Grape Juice, &c.
very superior
4 butts Pale Sherry, Lobo, Carera, Oldham, &c.
4 do Brown do do do do
2 do Pure Juice Port
1 do Irish Whiskey, very old and fine
6 barrels Monongahela Whiskey, 18 years old
3 pipes Otard, Dupuy & Co.'s Brandy, old and fine
I do do Pale do do
1 do Charante Brandy do
1 do Champagne do do
2 do Holland Gin, Wesp, Anchor and Orange
2 do Jamaica Spirits
2 do St. Croix do
1 do Peach Brandy
Demijohns loaned, and goods sent free of porterage.
dec 4-dtf

C ASI-I FOR NEGROES.-I will give cash and liberal
prices for a n-umber of likely Negroes, under twenty-five
years of age, families included. I can be found at B. O. She-
kell's Tavern, a few doors below Lloyd's Tavern, opposite the
Centre Market. JAMES H. BIRCH,
june 26-tf Washington City.
C 1harles County Court, August Term, 183 7.-On
the appearance of Zephaniah H. Turner, a petitioner for
the benefit of the insolvent laws of this State, it is ordered by
the court here that the bond of said Zephaniah H. Turner be
respited until the 3d Monday in March next, and that he give
notice to his creditors that they be and appear before the Judges
of Charles county court, on the third Monday in March next, to
show cause, if any they have, why the said Zephaniah H. Tur-
ner shall not have the benefit of said laws; provided a copy of
this order be published in some newspaper in the District of
Columbia, once a week for two months successively previous to
the said third Monday in March next.
Test, JOHN BARNES,


dec 21-law2m


Clerk.


A UITARS.-Justopened, at Stationers' Hall, a large as-
sortment of patent screw Guitars, of superior tone and
finish, at prices from 10 to 45 dollars.
Expected daily, three superior Piano Fortes, from the unri-
valled manufacturers Messrs. J. Chickering & Co. Boston,
which will be sold at their prices. W. FISCHER.
jan 10 (Adv.)
TATE OF MARYLAND, Sc.-On application to
me the subscriber, a Judge of the Orphans' court of Charles
county, by petition, in writing, of Thomas H. Latimer, praying
for the benefit ofthe act ofAssemblyfor the reliefofsundry insol-
vent debtors, passed at November session, 1805, and the sever-
al supplements thereto, a schedule of his property and a list
of his creditors, on oath, as far as he can ascertain them, being
annexed to his petition, and the said Thomas H. Latimer having
satisfied me by competent testimony that he has resided in the
State of Maryland two years immediately preceding the time
of his application; it is-therefore ordered by me that the said
Thomas H. Latimer be discharged ; and that he, by causing a
copy of this order to be inserted in some newspaper published
in the District-of Columbia once a week for two successive
months before the third Monday of March next, give notice to
his creditors to appear before Charles County Court on the 3d
Monday of March next, for the purpose of recommending a
Trustee for their benefit, andcshow cause, if any they have, why


F ALL AND WINTER GOODS.-
Merchant Tailor Pennsylvania avenue, res
the attention of his customers and the Public to
elegant assortment of FALL AND WINTER Goo
will make up, to order, at the shortest notice, at
and most fashionable style.
Together with a first-rate stock of fashionable
CLOTHING, FANCY ARTICLES, &c,, which will mn
ment, in every respect, full and complete.
nov 13-eod2m


-C. Eckloff,
pectfully calls
his large and
DS ; which he
id in the best

READY -MADE
ake his assort-


GREAT NORTH AND SOUTH EXPRESS
LINE.
Winter Arrangement.
HALIFAX, WILMINGTON, AND CHARLESTON.







While it avoids the dangers of the Capes, and the fatigues
of 300 miles of staging, it offers to the traveller a route which, for
speed, safety, comfort, and economy, is not equalled.
GOING SOUTH.
By this route, passengers who leave Baltimore on MAonday
and Friday, via the Chesapeake Bay Boats and Portsmouth
Railroad, or via Washington city, the Fredericksburg, Rich-
mond, and Petersburg Railroad, to Blakely, will reach Halifax
on the evenings of the next days, viz. Tuesday and Saturday.
From Halifax, they will be immediately conveyed, by post
coaches and railroad, to Wilmington, where they will arrive on
Thursday and Monday mornings, (having slept at South Wash-
ington the preceding nights;) thence, after two hours' delay, to
Charleston, in from 12 to 16 hours; thence, by railroad, to Au-
gusta.
EXTRA.-Leave Baltimore or Washington city on Wednes-
day, via Fredericksburg, Richmond, and Petersburg railroad to
Blakely. Passengers will arrive at Halifax on Thursday even-
ing, at Wilmington Saturday morning, and leave for Charleston
on Monday.
on Monday.GOING NORTH.

Leave Charleston every Sunday and Tuesday, at 5 o'clock P.
M., reach Wilmington the following mornings to breakfast.
Leave Wilmington at 12 o'clock, and by railroad and post
coaches arrive at Halifax on the evenings of the next days, viz.
.Tuesday and Thursday; sleep at Halifax, and the next morning
proceed North, via the Petersburg, Richmond, and Fredericks-
burg railroad.
EXTRA.-Leave Wilmington on Friday, arrive at Halifax on
Saturday, and the next morning, via the Portsmouth Railroad
and Bay Boats, or the Petersburg, Richmond, and Fredericks-
burg railroads.
RECAPITULATION.
GOING SOUTH.
Leave Baltimore or Washington city Monday, Wednesday,
and Friday, and arrive at Halifax Tuesday, Thursday, and Sa-
turday.
Arrive at Wi!mington Thursday, Saturday, and Monday.
Arrive at Charleston Friday, Tuesday, and Tuesday.
GOING NORTH.
Leave Charleston Sunday and Tuesday.
Leave Wilmington Friday and Saturday.
Arrive at Wilmington Monday, Wednesday, and Friday.
Arrive at Halifax Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday.
The Portsmouth cars run daily ; the Petersburg cars on Sun-
day, Monday, Wednesday, and Friday.
Passengers will observe that, on this route, via the Chesa-
peake Bay Boats and Portsmouth Railroad, only one night's
sleep is lost between New York and Augusta, or, via Peters-
burg, only one night between Richmond and Augusta. The
coaches are now, the horses fresh and well trained, the drivers
sober and skilful, the fare and accommodations good. The new,
beautiful, and swift steamboat NORTH CAROLINA, built by Cor-
nelius Vanderbilt, Esq., of New York, for the Company, has
just been added to the line between Wilmington and Charles-
ton. In fine, no expense has been spared to render the line
comfortable and safe.
OFFICE W.& R. RAILROAD COMPANY,
WILMINGTON, DECEMBER 14.
jan 2-4w (Gl.he)
WT INE STORE, Pennsylvania Avenue, third
door West of 4I street, City of Washington.
-M. L. GITTINGS, has on hand a superior Stock of old
WINES and L1QUORS, consisting in part as follows:
MADEIRAS.
20 dozen Reserved Madeira, very old and fine


The Harcourts, or Stories from Real Life, designed to teach
true Independence and Domestic Economy ; in Jfve parts.
Part 3d : Extravagance is the disease, economy is the reme-
dy."-Paulding.
The Savings Bank, and other stories; illustrating true Inde-
dependence and Domestic Economy; translated from the French
by a Lady. Part 4: Stories from Real Life.
The Lady's Annual Register and Housewife's Mernorandum
Book, for 1838; by Caroline Gilman; with Engravings, by
Devereux. dec 16


OEMS BY THE HON. MRS. NORT(
one volume, price fifty cents, is just received.
y F. TAYLOR.
EOLOGY AND MINERALOGY.-A
Xply of
Buckland's Geology and Mineralogy, 2 vois. n(
Lyell's Principles of Geology, 2 vols.
De la Beche's Geological Manual
Comstock's Mineralogy
Do Geology,
Is received and for sale at low prices, at GARRET
SON'S Book, Stationery, and Fancy Store, Pen
Avenue, between 11th amd 12th streets.


000 FOSTER'S COPY BOOKS.-
2/00L 0 ceived from Boston, Foster's Elements
Books, designed to render the acquisition of penmanshi
and progressive; to save teachers the trouble of setting
and to furnish schools and families with a practical su
which the art may be taught with facility and correct
Also, Bascom's Guide to Chirography, in a series o
books; ruled, with the lines about one-seventh of an in,
which style of ruling is adapted to coarse hand, medii.
fine hand, capitals, &c.; with engraved copies in ea(
and general directions on the covers; being an improve
the author's system of penmanship and writing book cc
A considerable deduction will be made to those who bu
quantity. For sale between 9th and 10th streets, Penn
avenue. R. FARN
dec 8


WrtflA r flr Y A PThrI A On T fVTt.CIrUflh


ON.-In
For sale
nov 29
new sup-


INDER-
isylvania
jan 8
-Just re-
1ry Copy
p simple
g copies,
:stem by
ess.
f writing
ch apart;
im band,
,h book,
ementon
unbined.
y by the
.sylvania
HAM.


4 1,-- -


AGENCY AT WASHINGTON.--JANIES H.CAUS.
TEN, (late ofBaltimore,) having made this city his perma-
nentresidence,and located his dweilingand officedirectlyopposite
to the Department of State, will undertake, with his accustomed
zeal and diligence, the settlement of claims generally; and
more particularly claims before Congress, against the United
States, or the several Departments thereof, and before any board
of commissioners that may be raised for the adjustment of spo-
liation or other claims. He has now in charge the, entire class
arising out oi French spoliations prior to the year 1800;
with reference to which, in addition to a mass of Jocuments and
proofs in his possession, he has access to those in the archives
of the Government.
Claimants and pensioners on the Navy fund? &c. bounty
lands, return duties, &c. &c. and those requiring life insurance,
can have their business promptly attended to by letter, (post
paid,) and thus relieve themselves from an expensive and incon-
venient personal attendance.
Having obtained a commission of Notary Public4 he is prepar-
ed to furnish legalized copies of any required public documents
or other papers. He has been so long engaged in the duties of
an agent, that it can only be necessary now to say that economy
and prompt attention shall be extended to all business confided
to his care; and that, to enable him to render his, services and
facilities more efficacious, he has become familiar with all the
forms of office. teb 26--ly
OR RENT.-The dwelling-house and grounds of the
late Lewis G. Davidson, Esq. situated on the extreme
right of the heights of Georgetown, D. C. and comprising every
advantage most desirable in a private residence. The house is
substantially built of brick, and is of two stories, and spacious,
neatly furnished with garrets, having four large rooms on each
floor, with wing for kitchen, servants' rooms, pantiy, &c. Sta-
bles, carriage-house, cow-house, and gardener's house, and
other offices, all of brick, are attached. The lot covers an ex-
tent of twenty acres and more, which is now under fine culti-
vation as garden, orchards, grass lots, woodland, &c. The pros-
pect from this residence, south, is perhaps more extensive than
that of any other part of the heights, while it embraces a very
beautiful northern view, of which all the others are deprived.
For terms, apply to R. R. CRAWFORD, on the premises.
june 10-dtf
A TEACHER WANTED ?:,, e Mont
ocacy school, near the mouth of thfi.e 'IMonocacy,
Montgomery county, Maryland. A single mrh. o is quali-
fied to teach all the useful branches of an English education,
and who can come well recommended for sobriety and atten-
tion, will meet with immediate employment and liberal compen-
sation. The situation is healthy, and the neighborhood is con-
sidered a good one. Letters addressed to.Joseph J. W. Jones,,
William Trundle, Warren King, or to Benjamin White, pos-
paid, will be immediately attended to. Letters addressed to
Poolesville Montgomery county, Maryland. nov 21w4w
ECOLLECTION S ofa Southern Matron,by Mrs.
Gilman, of Charleston, S. C.
A Love Token for Children, by Mrs. Sedgwick, with a great
variety of JUVENILE BOOKS, just received from the North,
and for sale at the lowest prices, between 9th and 10th street's,
Pennsylvania avenue. R. FARNHAM.
HIO GAZETTEER, with a map-Just published
S and this day received, for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also, Wetmore's New Gazetteer of Missouri, with a laige
map, 1837.
Sherwood's New Gazetteer of Georgia, with a large map,
1837.
Peck's New Gazetteer of Illinois, 1837. Illinois in 1837,
with a map.
Gordon's New Gazetteer of the State of New York, 1 octavo
volume.
Martin's Gazetteer of Virginia and the District of Columbia,
I octavo volume.
Large Map of Florida, taken from the documents in the Land
Office at Tallahassee.
Large Maps of Mississippi and Alabama, just engraved from
the United States Surveys in the General Land Office, Wash-
ington City.
Visit to Texas, 1 volume.
Large New Maps of Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, &c. ex-
hibiting the sections.
Davenport's New Gazetteer, 471 closely printed large octa-
vo pages, handsomely bound,with many engravings, price 1 50.
New Geographical Dictionary, containing 304 closely printed
pages, price 87 cents.
And very many other works of the same class of literature,
at the lowest price in every case. jan 3
Charles County, set. --
O'IN application to me, the subscribe 'o aauunifdge of the
Caout ofu odl recess of
Orphans' Court of Charles cgoui uod recess of
Charles e-eurty Gour4t.)Z g e^S3 \ -, Int.ir .- '
SNalley, o0 sam county, prayitng for the
Assembly for the relidfof insolvent de&t
ments thereto, a schedule of his property -. -
ditors, on oath, being annexed to his petition, and b being satis-
fied that he has resided in the State cf Maryland two years
immediately previous to his application, and having Iso stated
that he is unable to pay his debts, and that he is io0 w confined
in jail for the same, do hereby order and adjudge tl at the said
Dennis Nalley be discharged from custody, and th t lie give
notice published in some newspaper once a we k for two
months successively, in the District of Columbia, to his credit-
ors, to appear before Charles County Court on the t ird Mon-
day in March next, for the purpose of recommending a trustee
for their benefit, and to show cause, if any they hav ', why the
said Dennis Nalley shall not have the benefit of s lid acts as
prayed. Given under my hand, this 9th day of I l-"eml"b.:r,
1837. JOHN FERG TSSON.
True copy. Test: JOHN BARN ES,
dec 12-w2m Clerk of Charles Count / Court.
ANIFOLD LETTER WRITERS.- W. FIS-
CHER has just received an assortment of W ilson's su-
perior Manifold Letter Writere, from five to ten dollars, enve-
loped covers, steel mounted, with lock and key.
dec 25
UST PUBLISHED AND FOR SALIS, by W.
M. MORRISON, two doors west of Brown's Hotel,
Peck's New Gazetteer of Illinois, in three parts, ,containing
a general view of the State; a general view of each county,
and a particular description of each town, settlement, stream,
prairie, bottom, bluff, etc., alphabetically arranged by J. M.
Peck.
Also, a second edition of Peck's New Guide for Enmigrants to
the West; containing Sketches of Michigan, Ohio-, Indiana,
Illinois, Missouri, Arkansas, witi the Territory of Wisconsin
and the adjacent parts.
Tales from the German, translated by Nathaniel (_reen; in
2 vols.
Twice Told Tales, by Nathaniel Hawthorn.
The Youth's Keepsake, for 1838.


STEWART, THORNTON, AND EASTON,
Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, and Solicitors in
Chancery,
MOBILE, ALABAMA.
GEORGE N. STEWART,
HARRY I. THORNTON,
WM. C. EASTON,
Postage to be paid on business letters, oct 17-d&cl y
ECKWITH'S ANTIDYSPEPTIC PILLS.-
For the most part, those who are already dyspeptic, or by
their habits and pursuits in a fair way to become so, are com-
monly not much in doubt of the fact, and sufficiently disposed to
employ a remedy entitled to their confidence. The object of
this advertisement is, to offer to those who may require a medi-
cine of this kind, such weight of testimony as will satisfy any
reasonable mind that, under all circumstances, these pills may
be tried with safety, at least. It is presumed such evidence
as the following would be tldought sufficient to establish much
more important matters:
From the Rt. Rev. Levi S. Ives, D. D. Bishop of North
Carolina.
"RALEIGH, MARCH 2, 1835.
Having for the last three years been intimately acquainted
with Dr. John Beckwith, of this city, and enjoyed his profes-
sional services, I take pleasure in stating that his character as
a Christian gentleman and experienced physician, entitles his
testimony, in regard to the use of his Antidyspeptic Pills, to the
entire confidence of the Public. My experience of the good ef-
fects of these PillQ, for two years past, satisfies me of their emi-
nent value, particularly in aiding in impaired digestion, and
warding off bilious attacks. Having been for a long time sub-
ject to the annual recurrence of such attacks, I was in the habit
of resorting for security against them, and with very partial
success, to a liberal use of calomel or blue pill. But since my
acquaintance with the Antidyspcptic Pill ofDr. Beckwith, which
he prescribed in the first instance himself, I have not been un-
derthe necessity of using mercury in any form, besides being
wholly exempt from bilious attacks. Several members of my
family are experiencing the same beneficial effects.
"L. S. IVES."

From the Rev. F. L. Hawks, D. D.
"NEW YORK, FEB. 3, 1836.
"I have no knowledge, derived from experience, of the effi-
cacy of Dr. Beckwith's Pills; but I know that several of my
personal friends in North Carolina, whom I left some years ago
suffering severely under dyspepsia, were in good health when
I saw them, on a visit made a few months since, and all ascrib-
ed their recovery to the use of Beckwith's Pills.
I know that the certificates obtained by the Doctor in North
Carolina are from gentlemen of the highest respectability, and
several of them stated to me verbally that which is contained
in their published certificates. I have the most entire confi-
dence in them.
"I also know Dr. Beckwith, and have known him from my
boyhood; and I cheerfully state, with Bishop Ives, that his
character as a Christian gentleman and experienced physician,
entitles his testimony, in regard to the use of his Antidyspeptic
Pills, to the entire confidence of the Public.'
"F. L. HAWKS."

From Governor Iredell.
"AUGUST 21, 1834.
"Dr. Beckwith's Antidyspeptic Pills have been used in my
family, which is a large one, with the most beneficial effects. A
number of my friends who have been afflicted with dyspepsia
and other disorders of the stomach, have spoken to me in strong
terms of the relief they experienced from this remedy. With-
out the- evidence I have received from others, my intimate
knowledge of the professional and private character of Dr.
Beckwith, for the last twenty years, justifies me in declaring
that he would give no assurances of facts of his own experience,
or of professional deductions, of which he was not perfectly
confident, and on which the Public might not safely rely.
"JAS. IREDELL."

From the Hion. George E. Badger, LL. D.
"RALEIGH, NOV. 7, 1834.
"For several years past, Dr. Beckwith's Antidyspeptic Pills
have been used as a domestic medicine in my family. I have
myself frequently used them for the relief of headache, acid,
and otherwise disordered stomach, resulting from imprudence
or excessin diet, and I have had many opportunities oflearning
from others their effects, when used by them for like purposes.
My experience and observation justify me in saying that the re-
lief afforded by the Pills is generally speedy, and almost al-
ways certain ; that they may be taken at any time without dan-
ger or inconvenience, and that their operation is attended by no
nausea or other disagreeable effects whatever; and though I
have known many persons use them, I liaveknown none who did


OR SALiE.-A First-rate Carriage nnd harness, and a
pair of well-rratchcd carriage horses. Theyinay be seen
at Smith's Livery stable, who will give any information that
may be desired, and will state the terms of sale.
dec 20-dtf
TF O CLAIMANTS.-FRANCIS A. DICKINS, of the
city of Washington, having resigned the appointment
held by him for several years in the Treasury and War Depart-
ments, has undertaken the agency of claims before Congress,
and other branches of the Government, including commission-
ers under treaties, and the various public offices ; also, the pro-
curing of patents for public lands, prosecuting claims for servi-
ces in the Revolution, and for Navy pensions, and generally
such other business as may require the aid ofan agent at Wash-
ington. He will likewise attend to the prosecution of bounty
land claims upon the State of Virginia, and the recovery of
lands in Ohio which have been sold for taxes.
SPersons having, or supposing themselves to have claims, will,
on transmitting a statement of the facts, be advised of the pro-
per coureC of proceeding. His charge will be moderate, de-
.:.;.il' ii upon the amount of the claim and the extent of the
service.
He is also agent for the American Life Insurance and Trust
Company, which has a capital of two millions of dollars paid in,
and for the Baltimore Fire Insurance Company.
Mr. F. A. DICKINS is known to most of those who have been
in Congress within the last few years, or who have occupied
any public situation at Washington.
His office is on Pennsylvania Avenue, adjoining the buildings
occupied by the Treasury Department, and opposite to those oc-
cupied by the Post Office Department.
j- All letters must be post paid. july 6-dly
RY GOODS.-As the season is advanced, we have
come to the determination to dispose of our entire stock
of Goods, at very reduced prices, which consists of-
Silks, Linens, Cloths, Cassimeres, Vestings
Hosiery, Gloves, Merinoes, Blankets
Calicoes, Sheeting, Diapers, Table Cloths
And a good assortment of Carpeting and Curtain Goods.
BRADLEY & CATLETT.
dec 30-eo3w (Glo.&Mad.)
ADY BLESSINGTON'S MAGNIFICENT
ANNUAL.-Gems of Beauty, displayed in a series
of 12 highly finished engravings of The Passions, from designs
by E. T. Parris, Esq. executed under the superintendence of
Mr. Charles Heath, with fanciful illustrations in verse, by tihe
COUNTESS OF BLESSINGTON. One splendid volume, imperial
quarto, superbly bound in rich figured silk, and gilt Turkey
morocco, in a variety of styles. The exquisite taste of the fair
editress is conspicuous in the perfection of this beautiful annual;
the illustrations, which include a wider range of subjects than
those of last year, have never been equalled for high finish and
delicacy of execution, and the general style of binding, and
"getting up," is such as to give it a decided superiority over
every other publication of the season.
THE AUTHORS OF ENGLAND, a series of Medallion
Portraits of modern literary characters, engraved from the
works of British artists, by Achille Collas, with illustrative no-
tices by Henry F. Chorley-one splendid royal quarto volume.
richly bound.
FLORA'S GEMS, or the choicest Treasures of the Parterre,
containing 12 bouquets of flowers, drawn and colored in the
most finished and delicate style, so as to equal first-rate draw-
ings, with poetical Illustrations, by Miss L. A. Twamley. Im-
perial quarto, richly and appropriately bound in green and gold.
PEARLS FROM THE EAST, or Beauties of Lalla Rookh,
designed by Fanny Corbaux, drawn on stone by Louisa Cor-
baux, containing 12 splendid illustrations, on tinted paper, or
may be had superbly colored under the artist's inspection. Im-
perial quarto.
FLOWERS OF LOVELINESS-Twelve groups of female
figures, emblematic of Flowers, forming an assemblage of fe-
male beauty, designed by various artists, with poetical illustra-
tions, by L. E. L. Imperial quarto, handsomely bound in
moreen.
THE BOOK OF GEMS, 1838. The Poets and Artists of
Great Britain, edited by S. C. Hall. Third volume, completing
the work, and containing specimens and memoirs of the modern
Poets of Great Britain, and 43 exquisite Illustrations. I vol 8vo.
The same work for 1837 and 1836, altogether probably one of
the most attractive hooks in existence.
Also, over twenty Souvenirs, of various kinds not enumerated
above, English Bibles of all sizes, superb Prayer Books, Draw-
ing Books, and Albums, in great variety. Books of Engravings
of many different kinds, Gold Pencil Cases, Portfolios in splen-
did minding, Ladies' writing desks, Ladies' work Boxes, Bronze
Inkstands, Motto Seals, Gentlemen's Dressing Cases, Colored
Toy Books.
Books for young People, Juvenile Souvenirs, &c. &c. with
many other articles suitable for the present season, in the great-


1


not approve them; none who sustained any imtiury, and none who est variety and all at the west prices, nor sale oy
Ailed to derive benefit from their use. And, upon the whole, I F. TAYLOR, ti
do not hesitate to recommend them as an agreeable, safe, and At the Waverly Circulating Library, immediately east of s,
efficacious remedy in dyspeptic affections, and believe them my- Gadsby's Hotel. jan 1
self to be the best antidyspeptic medicine ever offered to the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia for tLe t1
Public. "G. E. BADGER." County of Washington.-In Chancery. b

rom the Hon. Richard Hines, late member of Congress Auguste R. iot,
From the Tarboro' district. The Mayor, Board of Alderr' en, and Board of Common Coun- tn
IIERMITACriE, near Spaita, 3dgecomibc co. Nov. 10, 1834. cil of the City of Washiin.ton tho t,- -0- t.:- .-.
:I was severely afflicted for several years with dyspepsia,! .
nndice, and e~ ra ill o s ..- f'F Kinchey,
Smi mntrator of said Passet. 4
Satht f celebrity II HE bill in this case states that at a public sale of certain
in e without any material benefit, until my case T lots in th city of Washington, held by the Corporation
wai thought to be hopeless. Being compelled in the winter of of said city on the 3d April, 1826, by virtue of an act of Con-
S124 to spend some weeks in Raleigh, I consulted Dr. Beck- gress entitled act to authorize and empower the Corpoa-
with, when he prescribed what is now known as 'Beckwith's tion of the city of Washington, in the District of Columbia, to
Antidyspeptic Pills,' by the use of which I soon became much drain the low grounds on and near the public reservations, and
better. I continued to take them for some months, until my to improve and ornament certain parts of such reservations," I
--halth was entirely restored, to which they mainly contributed. the said Passet, and one William Fadeuilhe, became the pur-
Another member of my family subsequently used them with chasers of lot No. 31, in square A, in the said city, at the sum of s
like benefit and success.
having been many years well acquainted with Dr. Beck- $532 87, on certain conditions of sale and improvement.
with, In plee an eriso g l acq a entlemn o t That they paid one-fifth of the purchase money in hand, and
with, I take pleasure in mentioning him as a gentleman of great the said Fadeuilhe shortly afterwards sold and assigned his
worth and intelligence, andof known and admitted science and the said Fadeuihe shortly afterwards sold amd assigned his
worth and intelligence, and of known and admitted science and eight, title, and interest in said lot to the said Passet, who paid 1
skill in his profession, and in recommending his Antidyspeptic all the instalments of said purchase money, with the interest c
Pills as a most valuable medicine to those afflicted with the threon, which became due in his lifetime, as they became t
diseases Ihave mentioned thereon, which became due in his lifetime, as they became
"RICHARD HINES." due, and died some time in the year leaving the last two p
instalments of said purchase money unpaid, and indebted to the 2
complainantin the sum of $151 25, besides interest, and also
From the Hon. Charles Fisher, late member of Congress, to divers other persons, leaving personal property insufficient to
Salisbury district. pay his debts. Thatsaid Passet did not leave any known heir,
SALISBURY, FEB. 23. 1837. for devisee, capable of inheriting or taking the said lot or his
"Several years ago I was very much afflicted with diseased interest therein, and that he died intestate, and his heir or heirs
stomach and bowels; nothing I could eat appeared to agree with at law, if any such there be, most probably reside in ,
me, and I was obliged to be very careful in my diet. A jour- whence the said Passet emigrated. The object of the bill is t3 i
ney to the Southwest afforded me considerable relief, and, as I obtain a decree for the sale (subject to said conditions of im-
supposed, had cured me ; but, when I left off travelling, the provement) of all the right, title, and interest of said Passet, at r
disease returned again, and I was obliged to take medicine the time of his decease, and of his heir or heirs at law, ifany
constantly, among other things very often calorel; this con- such there be, to said lot, for the payment of the complainant
tinued to be my state until about twelve months ago, when, on and the other creditors of said Passet.
the recommendation of Major John Beard, I began to try Beck- And it appearing to the satisfaction of this Court, the heir or t
with's AntidyspepticPills ; I soon found relief from them, and heirs at law of said Passet, if any such there be, reside without t
since have taken no other medicine whatever. Whenever I the jurisdiction of this Court, and most probably in France, it i
find my stomach or bowels becoming deranged, I resort to these is thereupon, this 29th day of November, 1837, by this Court t
pills, and invariably find relief. I have heard a number of ordered, that notice of the substance and object of said bill be c
persons speak of the benefits they have received from these given to the person or persons who is or are heir or heirs at e
pills, in the most decided terms. I am well acquainted with law of said Passet, by publishing a copy of this order in the
Dr. Beckwith ; he for a time resided in this place, and was my National Intelligencer once a week for six successive weeks
family physician. His own testimony with regard to the use of ensuing, the heir or heirs at law of said Passet to be and ap-
his Antidyspeptic Pills may be fully relied on. at law of said Passt to e ad ap-
his Antidyspeptic Pills may be fully relied on. F pear in the Clerk's office of this county at the rules therein to
SCHARLES FS be held on the first Monday of April next, then and there to c
These Pills may be had at the stores of Dr. W. GUNTON answer said bill, otherwise the same will be taken pro confesso t
and S. J. ITODD, WaNhington City; R. STABLER, Alexan- against them : the first publication of this order to appear at c
dria ; 0. M. LINTHICUM, Georgetown, and of almost every least four months before said day. c
extensive Druggist throughout,the-United States. By order of thee Coiurtd .
sept 2-d6m dec 4-d4m Test: WMn. BRENT, Clerk. r
ASI F IOR N0 E(1 lSOES.-l will vive the hirhest dec 4-law6w r


- cash price for likely NEGROES from 10 to 25 years of
age. Myself or agent can at all times be found at the estab-
lishment formerly owned by,Armfield, Franklin & Co. at the
west end of Duke street, Alexandria.
mar 14-tf GEORGE KEPHART.
IFTY DOLLARS REWARD.- Eloped from my
residence ELOIZA, a young negress of ordinary stature
and size, but strongly made, about 22years old, color of a chest-
nut or brown, long thick woolly hair, which is commonly neat-
ly combed, parted before, and tucked with combs. Her cloth-
ing consists of several calico frocks, white cotton aprons and
collars, &c. and a black bombasin dress. She has had from
her birth a very singular mark, resembling the dashing on the
skin of coffee grounds or some black substance. This mark,
to the best of my recollection, commences on the neck or collar
bone, and covers part of her breasts, body, and limbs, and when
her neck and arms are uncovered is very perceptible. I un-
derstand that she calls herself Louisa, and has been frequently
seen east and south of the Capitol square, and harbored by ill-
disposed persons of every complexion for her services, where
by diligent search she may be found, unless she has hired her-
'self elsewhere as a cook or house servant. I will give the
above reward if caught in the District of Columbia and deliver-
ed to me, or if out of the District I will give an additional sum
often dollars for every ten miles beyond theDistrict line in any
direction, provided the distance does not exceed fifty miles, and
if beyond that distance one hundred dollars, and secured so
that I get her again, in case it should not be convenient to de-
liver her as aforesaid. WM. ROBINSON,
oct 2-dtf Georgetown.
7 HIG ALMANAC.-The Whig Almanac and Politi-
w cal Register, for 1838, containing full tables of the votes


cCULLOCII'S COMMERCIAL DICTIONA-
RY, latest edition, is just received for sale by
F. TAYLOR.
Also, Loudon's Encyclopaedia of Plants.
London's EncyclopFedia of Gardening.
Loudon's Encyclopedia of Agriculture.
Loudon's Encycloptedia of Cottage, Farm, and Villa Ar-
chitecture.
And many other valuable English editions.
0 R1EXAS, in 1 volume, price 50 cents, describing the soil,
S productions, habits, advantages, &c. throughout those parts
most interestingto American settlers, 262 pages.
For sale by F. TAYLOR.
jan 8
SOST, on the 11th instant, between the Capitol and Pre-
sident's House, a small Pocket Book with between twen-
4y and thirty dollars, and several notes of hand, valuable to the
owner, and also a silver Fruit Knife in it. It had also written
in it, Mrs. Henrietta Nenner, No. 17 Harrison street, Baltimore.
A suitable reward will be given if left at Mrs. Auld's boarding-
house, Penn. Avenue. jan 12--3t
W WONDERS OF THE UNIVERSE.-Wonders
of the Universe, Curiosities of Nature and Art, Won-
derful and Eccentric Characters of every age and nation, An-
ecdotes, Memoirs, Narratives, &c., in one octavo volume of 440
closely printed pages, handsomely bound, and illustrated with
engravings. Price $1 25. Just received, and for sale by
jan 12 F. TAYLOR.


ILK VELVETS, SILKS, &c.-Just received-
1 case assorted silk velvets for ladies' dresses.
1 case assorted silks, figured and plain


PARLEY'S UNIVERSAL HISTORY.-Peter
Parley's Universal History, on the basis of Geography, for
he use of families; illustrated by maps and engravings, 2 vols.
square 16mo. royal.
This work is an attempt to present an outline of Universal
historyy in a form so attractive and agreeable as to accomplish
he desirable object of imprinting on the minds of youth, in
right and unfading colors, a clear outline of the story ofman-
ind. The author has endeavored to avoid bewildering diffuse-
ess on the one hand, and repulsive chron(1lQgjmal brevitv-is-
he other, and tn" n.-- -- : .- cotiihu-otal-e
Stneg-Feat luman family-one that may be both comprehen-
sible and entertaining to the young reader. The work is print-
ed and bound in a superior manner. Just published and for
sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
nov 10- R. FARNHAM.
SOLD PENCIL CASES.-A large assortment of
Gold and Silver Everpoint Pencil Cases, Addison & Co's.
improved manufacture, just received and for sale at-very low
)rices at GARRET ANDERSON'S
Book, Stationery, and Fancy Store, between 11th & 12th
streets, Pennsylvania Avenue. jan 8-3t
IN CHANCERY, 29th DECEMBER, 1837.
O RDERED, That the sales of the real estate of Samuel
Childs, deceased, made and reported by John D. Bow-
ing, the trustee, be ratified and confirmed, unless cause to the
contrary be shown before the first day of March, 1838 : Pro-
vided, That a copy of this order be published in some newspa-
)er at least once in each of three successive weeks before the
!9th day of January, 1838.
The report states the amount of said sales to be $4,881.
True copy-test: RAMSAY WATERS.
jan 2-law3w Reg. Cur. Can.
]HE TWKEN FOlt 1838, beautifully embellished
S and enlarged to the size of Jennings's Landscape Annual,
and bound in a superior manner in goat-skin morocco; and, as
t regards mechanical execution, and its literary merits, far sur-
passes any of its predecessors. For sale between 9th and 10th
streets, Pennsylvania avenue. R. FARNHAM.
OTICE.-By virtue of an order from the Orphans'
S Court of Charles county, Maryland, I hereby give notice
hat I have obtained from said Court letters of administration on
he personal estate of Ann Maria Murdock. All persons hav-
ng claims against the said Ann Maria Murdoek are hereby no-
ified to exhibit the same to the subscriber, on or before the 1st
If July next, or they may be excluded from all benefit of said
estate. PETER W. CRAIN;
jan 3-w6w Administrator of Ann Maria Murdock.
Tw HIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
hath obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington
county in the District of Columbia, letters of administration on
he personal estate of William R. Maddox, late of Washington
county, deceased. All persons having claimsagainst the said de-
ceased are hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouch-
ers thereof, to the subscriber, on or before the 3d day of January
next; they may otherwise by law be excluded from all be-
nefit of said estate. And all persons indebted to said estate
ire hereby requested to make immediate payment.
Given under my hand this 3d day of January, eighteen hun-
dred and thirty-eight.


jan 4-w3w


ELIZABiETH F. MADDOX,
Administratrix.


AND FOR SALE.-The subscriber will sell at pri-
vate sale all or any portion of the real estate of the late
Thomas Cramphin, remaining unsold at this time, consisting of
several farms in Montgomery county, Maryland, distant only
ten or eleven miles from Washington City or Georgetown.
Anydescription of this property is deemed unnecessary, as
it is presumed that those wishing to purchase would examine
for themselves, and they are referred for any further informa-
tion on the subject, to Charles B. Calvert, National Hotel,
Washington City. GEORGE CALVERT,
sept 19-2awtf Trustee.
C ARD CASES.-W. FISCHER has opened a very large
assortment of the handsomest Card and Needle Cases, of
silver, pearl, ivory, and tortoise-shell, that has ever been offer-
ed for sale in the city.
YRON'S WIORKS.-The works of Lord Byron, in-
cluding the suppressed poems. Also, a Sketch of his
Life, by J. W. Lake, complete in 1 vol. handsomely printed
and bound.
Cowper's and Thompson's Works.-The works of
Thompson and Cowper, including many letters and poems ne-
ver before published in this country, with a new interesting
memoir of the Life of Thompson, complete in one volume.
The poetical works of Milton, Young, Gray, Beattie, and
Collins, complete in I volume.
The poetical works of Rogers, Campbell, I. Montgomery,
Lamb, and Kirk White, complete in 1 volume.
The works of Lawrence Sterne, with the Life of the Author,


YELLOW PINE AND WHITE OAK TIMBER.

NAVY COMMISSIONERS' OFFICE,
JANUARY 4, 1838.
ROPOSALS, sealed and endorsed, will be received at
this office until three o'clock P. M. on the third day of
February next, for the following Yellow Pine and White Oak
timber, deliverable at the Navy Yard, Gosport, Va.
No. 1. One set of yellow pine beams, for a frigate of the
first class.
No. 2. Two sets of yellow pine beams, for sloops of wia',
first class.
No. 3. Twenty thousand cubic feet of yellow pine plank
stocks.
No. 4. Twenty thousand cubic feet of yellow pine piahk
stocks.
No. 5. Twenty thousand cibic feet do. do. do.
No. 6. Twenty thousand cubic feet do. do.. do.
No. 7. Twenty thousand cubic feet do. do. do.
No. 8. Twenty thousand cubic feet white oak plank stocks.
The beam pieces and one half of the plank stocks to be de-
livered on or before the 30th April, 1839, and the other half of
the plank stocks on or before the 30th April, 1840.
Persons offering will make their offers separately for the
quantities and kind of timber embraced in any of the above
numbers, and they will be considered and decided independ-
ently of each other.
Schedules of the beam pieces will be furnished on applica-
tion to the Commissioners of the Navy, or to the Commandant
of the Navy Yard, Gosport, Virginia.
The yellow pine beam pieces and plank stocks must be the
best quality long leaf; ine grain, heart, Southern yellow pine
timber. The white oak plank stocks must be of the best
quality, and must have grown on lands situated near to salt
water, or within the influence of the sea air; and the white oak
and yellow pine plank stocks must have been girdled or felled
between the twentieth day of October and the twentieth day
of March next preceding the deliveries; all of which must
be proved to the satisfaction of the commanding officer of the
said Navy Yard, Gosport, Virginia.
All the said timber must be free from sap, heart shakes,
wind shakes, and all other defects.
The plank stocks must average forty-five feet in length, and
none of them must be less than thirty-five feet long; the white
oak plank stocks must square not less than fourteen inches at
the but, and may square one-fourth less at the top ; the yet' w
pine plank stocks must square not less than fourteen, nor more
than sixteen, inches at the but, and may square one-fifth less
at the top.
Ten per centum will be withheld from the amount of each
delivery made, as collateral security, in addition to the bonds
given, to secure the performance of the respecti-e contracts,
which will in no event be paid until the contracts are complied
with in all respects.
Ninety per centum will be paid within thirty days after the
bills for the timber shall be approved and presented to the
Navy Agent.
All of the said timber must be subject to inspection and
measurement by the inspector and measure of timber at the
said Navy Yard, Gosport, or by such other person or persons
as may be designated by the Commissioners of the Navy for
the performance of that duty; and in all cases the timber must
be in all respects to the acceptance and satisfaction bf the com-
manding officer of the said Navy Yard, and approved by him,
jan 6-d
~rTo be published in the National Intelligencer, Globe,
Army and Navy Chronicle, Baltimore Republican, Norfolk
Herald, Norfolk Beacon, Raleigh Star, and Newbern Sentinel.
O'NEILL'S ANTI-RHEUMATIC MEDI-
CINE.-The transcendent merits of this preparation, its
sanative powers and unparalleled efficacy in the cure of Rheu-
matism, &c.'have voluntarily drawn forth the plaudits of thou-
sands, who by its use have been restored from pain and torture,
stiffness and decrepitude, to ease, strength, activity, and vigor-
ous health.
For sale by WM. GUNTON, only agent for the District.
jan6-eol9t
Charles County Court, August Term, 1837.
RDERED by the Court, that the creditors of Charles Fer-
rall, a petitioner for the benefit of the insolvent laws of
the State of Maryland, be and appear before the Judges of
Charles County Court on the third Monday of March next, to
appoint a Trustee for their benefit, and show cause, if any they
have, why the said Charles Feirall shall not have the benefit
of said acts. Provided a copy of this orderbe inserted in some
newspaper published in the District of Columbia, once a week
for two months before said third Monday of March next.
True copy--Test: JOHN BARNES,
jan 6-w2m Clerk of Charles county Court.


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