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WASHINGTON: FRIDAY, JANUARY
GALES & SEATON.
For a year, ten dollars-for six months, six dollars.
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
Those subscribing for a year, who do not, either at the time of
ordering the paper, or subsequently, give notice of their wish
to have the paper discontinued at the expiration of their year,
will be presumed as desiring its continuance until counter-
manded, and it will be continued accordingly, at the option of
PATRIOTIC BANK, JAN. 1, 1838.
T HE usual dividend of three and a half per cent. was this
- day declared on the capital stock ofthis institution, out of
the profits of the last six months; payable to the stockholders
on Friday, 5th instant. P. THOMPSON,
jan 3 Cashier.
N OTICE.-The subscribers can accommodate twelve or
fifteen persons, either permanently or transient, with
board and lodging, at the corner of 9th street and Pennsylvania
Avenue. Charges very reasonable, compared with the large
hotels of this place, being only one dollar and twenty-five cents
per day ; and as good accommodations as an1 hotel in this city.
jan 2-3t HANDS'& BROWN.
E UROPEAN AGENCY.-The undersigned intends
to leave Pittsburg on the 1st day of March next, and sail
from New York on the 1st day of April, on a nineteenth tour
through every part of England, Scotland, and Ireland, as a Ge-
neral Agent, for the purpose ofattending to such business as he
may be desirous of transacting. He intends to return to Pitts-
burg about the 1st of December, 1838.
The agents and friends of the subscriber, and-Ahe Public, are
respectfully requested not to forward any documents or papers
relating to any claims or business until the same is first explain-
ed and approved, after which instructions will he given.
Money remittances made as usual to France, Holland, Ger-
many, Switzerland, Italy, &c.
Every information connected with the Agency may be ob-
tained, by post paid letters, addressed to
dec 29-eo8t European Agent, Pittsburg, Pa.
4 PPALACHICOLA LAND COMPANY Y.-Sales
S atauction.-the Trustees and Directors of the above
Company hereby give notice that a public sale of lots, in the
City of Appalachicola, will take place there on the second
Wednesday, being the fourteenth day of March next, under
the direction of Joseph Delafield, Esq. the Agent of the Com-
The Agent is also authorized to sell at private sale that part
of thae Company's land lying on both sides of the Railroad, be-
tween Tallahassee and St. Mark's: and also the land lying on
the Ocklockony and Little rivers, in such quantities as may be
agreed upon. Also, any other tracts which may be wanted.
A company of Surveyors are now employed in laying out said
tracts preparatory to a sale.
The terms of the public sale will be one-fourth cash, or ap-
proved drafts at 60 days on one of the Northern cities. The
balance in three equal annual payments with interest; and
when said payments are completed, a clear title will be given
by the Trustees.
Lithographed maps of the city and tract of land embracing
a million and a half of acres, may be obtained at the offices of
the Directors, in the city of New York, and at Appalachicola,
New York, Dec. 20, 1837.
LOUIS McLANE, )
CHAS. A. DAVIS, Trustees.
JOSEPH M. WHITE,
LEWIS CURTIS, President of the
Board of Directors.
For further particulars apply to
THOS. BALTZELL. Tallahassee.
HIRAM NOURSE. Appalachicola.
rUST RECEIVED from the Salem India Rubber
e Manufactory-100 pairs of ladies water-proof furred
Shoes; an article rare add scarce, made and cemented with
India rubber composition in the sole and upper, lined inside
with fur, bound very neatly, and very highly estimated for
their keeping the feet always dry, and resisting dampness and
cold. They are warranted to be perfectly water-tight by me,
and will be dry inside after being fully saturated in water.
For sale at my store, Pennsylvania Avenue, opposite Centre
jan 4-3t WALTER CLARKE.
W ANTED a woman who is a good cook, and who can
wash and iron. To one who is capable and who can
produce good recommendations liberal wages will be given.
Apply at No. 1, Franklin Row. jan 4-3t
SOST-Yesterday morning, a brown silk netted purse,
S with steel rings and brass ornaments, containing two bank
bills of 85 each, one $10 bill, of the bank ot Monroe, Michigan.
Also, two rings, the one a diamond ring, which was broken,
the other a plain ring, with pearls, several of which had fallen
from the ring. A reward of ten dollars will be given to the
finder, on leaving the above articles at the office of the National
Intelligence. jan 4- 3t
CLOVER SEED, BUTTER, AND LARD.-
S40 blls Clover Seed
30 kegs No. 1 and 2 Glades Butter
5 blls Roll do do
50 kegs new Leaf Lard, No. 1 and 2
100 bales prime Timothy Hay
10 bales Rye Straw
White and Yellow Corn
Corn Meal, Ship Stuff
Brown Stuff, Shorts and Bran
A constant supply of old Rectified Whiskey, in store and for
sale low by CONRAD HOGMIRE,
jan 3-3t Georgetown.
VENISON AND BUTTER.-Just received--
50 saddles of fresh Venison
1000 Ibs. Glades Butter
For sale by S. CROPLEY & CO.
jan 3-3t Market space, Georgetown.
EW BOOKS.-Just published and received for sale-
Pickwick Club, 5th part
Incidents of Travel in Egypt, Arabia Petraea, and the
Holy Land. By Stephens; new edition
The Blind Girl, &c. by Mrs. E. C. Embury.
At GARRET ANDERSON'S
Book, Stationery, and Fancy Store, Penn. Avenue, between
llth and 12th streets, jan 3-3t
THE DEMOCRATIC REVIEW, No. 2-Will be
JE this morning issued, and can be procured at
F. TAYLOR'S Bookstore,
jan 3 Immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel.
OST.-Seven barrels of Superfine Flour, branded "B.
Skin," were sent by some dray or cart from our store to
J. C. McKelden, 7th street, Wshington, and have not been re-
ceived by him, and is suplo .lto have been delivered by mis-
take to some one else. An person having received it will
please inform us. ,. DAVIDSON & DODGE,
jan 3-3t Georgetown.
R ICHMOND FLOUR.-28 barrels Family Flour, of
the celebrated brand Gallego, from Richmond, this day
received, and for sale by
JACKSON & BROTHER,
Formerly Thomas Hughes's old stand.
FP O PRINTERS.-A well-qualified and experienced
Foreman may hear of one of the best situations in this
city by addressing Box 97, and giving name, reference, and
address. jan 3-eo3t
W ANTED-A woman to do the cooking, washing, and
general house-work of a small family. Apply north
side of New York Avenue, second house from 14th street.
PICKWICK CLUB CONCLUDED.-The fifth
volume of the Pickwick Club is this day received for sale
by F. TAYLOR, or for circulation among the subscribers to the
Waverley Circulating Library. jan 3
OCKET LEDGERS, &c.-W. FISCHER has in
store English Pocket Ledgers, with and without locks and
keys. Also, Gold and Silver Ink, and Paper handsomely em-
bossed, with a variety of gold borders and ornaments for fancy
work, forsale at Stationers' Hall.
ETERS' VEGETABLE PILLS, having stood
the test of experience, are recommended to the Public as
a cheap and superior family medicine. When taken according
to the directions accompanying them, they are highly beneficial
in the prevention and cure of bilious fevers, fever and ague, dys-
pepsia, liver complaints, sich headache, jaundice, asthma, drop-
sy, rheumatism, enlargement of the spleen, piles, cholic, female
obstructions, heartburn, nausea, furred tongue, distension of the
stomach and bowels, incipient diarrhea, flatulence, habitual
costiveness, loss of appetite, blotched or sallow complexion, and
in all cases of torpor of the bowels, where a cathartic or an ape-
rient is needed.
They are exceedingly mild in their operation, producing nei-
ther nausea, griping, nor debility.
Prepared by Joseph Priestly Peters, M. D., at his Institu-
tion for the cure of obstinate diseases by means of vegetable
remedies, No. 129, Liberty street, New York.
Each box contains 40 pills. Price 50 cents.
For sale by S. J. TODD, C. STOTT, T. WATKINS, WM.
GUNTON, JOHN F. CALLAN, and F. H WARD, Wash-
ington; and by WM. STABLER, C. FARQUHAR, and WM.
HARPER, Alexandria; and in Georgetown, by O. M. LIN-
THICUM. ap 8- eoly
2000 FOSTER'S COPY BOOKS.-Just re-
200y0V ceived from Boston, Foster's Elementary Copy
Books, designed to render the acquisition of penmanship simple
and progressive; to save teachers the trouble of setting conies,
and to furnish schools and families with a practical system by
which the art may be taught with facility and correctness.
Also, Bascom's Guide to Chirography, in a series of writing
books; ruled, with the lines about one-seventh of an inch apart;
which style of ruling is adapted to coarse hand, medium hand,
fine hand, capitals, &c.; with engraved copies in each book,
and general directions on the covers ; being an improvementon
the author's system of penmanship and writing book combined.
A considerable deduction will be made to those who buy by the
quantity. For sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania
avenue. R. FARNHAM.
OR SALE, a small Farm, containing about fifty acres,
about eight miles from the city of Washington, in a most
healthy and pleasant situation, in the midst ofgenteel and agree-
able society, with a comfortable dwelling-house, stables, and
other necessary and convenient buildings, suitable for summer
residence for a gentleman with a small family.
The proprietor being desirous to remove from the State of
Maryland, is disposed to give a great bargain, and to sell on ac-
commodating terms; which, with other particulars, will be
made known on application to
dec 6-d3tw3w [Glo]
General Agent, Penn. Avenue.
STATE OF MARYLAND, Sc.-On application to
me the subscriber, a Judge of the Orphans' court of Charles
county, by petition, in writing, of Thomas H. Latimer, praying
for the benefit of the act of Assembly for the relief of sundry insol-
vent debtors, passed at November session, 1805, and the sever-
al supplements thereto, a schedule of his property and a list
of his creditors, on oath, as far as he can ascertain them, being
annexed to his petition, and the said Thomas H. Latimer having
satisfied me by competent testimony that he has resided in the
State of Maryland two years immediately preceding the time
of his application; it is therefore ordered by me that thq said
Thomas H. Latimer be discharged; and that he, by causing a
copy of this order to be inserted in some newspaper published
in the District of Columbia once a week for two successive
months before the third Monday of March next, give notice to
his creditors to appear before Charles County Court on the 3d
Monday of March next, for the purpose of recommending a
Trustee for their benefit, and show cause, if any they have, why
the said Thomas H. Latimer should not have the benefit of said
act and supplements thereto, as prayed.
Given under my hand this 3d day of July, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven.
JNO. J. JENKINS,
One of the Justices of the Orphans' Court of Charles Co.
COAT DRESSING AND CLOTH DYING,
No. 2 East of the National Billiard Room, Pennsylvania
avenue, Washington, and No. 31 South street, Baltimore city.
WM. BELL, the proprietor of the above establishments, and
of the London process for perfectly erasing all extraneous sub-
stances from Cloth, and giving to an old Coat the appearance of
new, without in the least affecting the color or shape, is now in
Washington, and will devote his attention to members of Con-
gress and strangers visiting the city, so as to have their orders
executed with all possible despatch, and in a first-rate style of
1 Woollens dyed to any color; warranted fast colors.
VETERINARY SHOEING SHOP, Four-and-
a-half street, Washinmgton Clty.-The subscriber,
in return for the unprecedented patronage which he has re-
ceived, would consider silent gratitude no longer a virtue; he
therefore publicly and gratefully returns his most sincere
thanks to his numerous patrons of the District of Columbia and
its vicinity, for their patronage and support. He would further
inform the members of Congress, and other gentlemen visit-
ing the city, who have valuable and favorite horses, that he is
prepared, at all times, with the utmost despatch, to SHOE, or
otherwise attend to such horses as may be sent to his shop. He
will also, with promptitude, attend any gentleman who may
wish to consult him, concerning any natural or accidental dis
ease of that noblest of the brute creation. He respectfully and
earnestly hopes, when it is known and considered thathe served
12 years in the flower of the British Cavalry, as Smith and
Farrier, on various arduous continental duty, and that he other-
wise practised his profession with almost unparalleled success
in many cities in Europe, and with what success for years past
in this city, he leaves for his fellow-citizens to say; he will only
(without further prolixity) say that his advice, when consulted
in Veterinary cases, shall be always candid, and charges mo-
derate, for he thinks with the old man ofScio, that-
"Wh, dares think one thing and another tell,
My soul detests him as the gates of Hell."
The Public's obedient servant, M. FOY,
Veterinary Surgeon and Horse Shoer, and
dec 13-2awlmn Smith in general.
T HIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
T hath obtained from the Orphans' Court of Charles
county, letters of administration on the personal estate of
Henry Davidson, late of Charles county, Md. deceased. All per-
sons having claims against the said deceased are hereby
warned to exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof, to the
subscriber, at or before the 20th day of August next; they may
otherwise by law be excluded from all benefit of said estate.
Given under my hand this 5th day of December, 1837.
JOHN H. DAVIDSON,
Administrator of Henry Davidson, deceased.
KATES, SKATES.-A large supply of Skates, of
all sizes, plain and strapped, comprising a handsome as-
sortment, of a fine quality, of the above article.
Between 11th and 12th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue
O PRINTERS.-The patrons of the late R. B. Spal-
ding (Type Founder) are informed that they can now
obtain Types, &c., from that Foundry by applying to
dec 1-d3t&w3w Baltimore.
W OOD, COAL, AND GROCERIES.-The sub-
scribers have landing and in store 200 tons Schuylkill
COAL, superior quality; 2,000 bushels Grate and Smith's
Coal; a full supply of hickory, oa
1000 lbs. of Eastern Cheese, in boxes
30 sacks of fine and ground alum salt
200 bushels Eastern Potatoes, a few in barrels
Also, a general assortment of Groceries; which will be sold
low for cash, or to punctual customers.
J. S. HARVEY & CO.
dec 23-law3w Near the Long Bridge.
TEN DOLLARS REWARD.-Lost about ten days
ago, between steamboat (Chesapeake) wharf and railroad
depot, or at one of said places, a Bandbox, covered with blue
check, and marked "Miss Louisa Rose, Fredericksburg." The
said bandbox contained a pink bonnet, several entire dresses,
besides bodies and capes. The above reward will be paid to
any one who will deliver this bandbox at the office of the Na-
tional Intelligencer, or give such information as may lead to its
recovery, dec 20-eo2w
ARLEY'S UNIVERSAL HISTORY.-Peter
Parley's Universal History, on the basis of Geography, for
the use of families ; illustrated by maps and engravings, 2 vols.
N OTICE.-Proposals will be received at the office of the
S Commissary General of Purchases, in Philadelphia, to
furnish materials for making ARMY CLOTHING for the year
1838, and for sundry articles ready made, as hereafter enumer-
Blue Cloth, 6-4 wide, dyed in indigo and in the wool.
Sky Blue Kersey, 6-4 wide.
Unbleached Cotton Shirting, 7-8 wide.
Flannel of Cotton and wool, 7-8 wide.
Canton Flannel, 3-4 wide.
Unbleached Cotton Drilling, 3-4 wide.
do. do. 7-8 wide.
Bleached do. 3-4 wide.
Uniform Caps for Dragoons.
do. Artillery and Infantry.
Bands and Tassels.
Aiguillettes, (white and yellow.)
Worsted Sashes, (crimson and yellow.)
Shoulder Straps for Artillery.
Brass do. do. Dragoons.
Epaulettes, Non-Commissioned, Staff, Infantry and Artillery.
Forage Caps for Infantry and Artillery.
Laced Bootees, pairs.
Woollen Half Stockings.
Woollen Blankets, 6j feet long, 5 feet wide, weight four
Plates and Tulips for Dragoon Caps.
Infantry Cap Bugles, Plates and Tulios.
Artillery Cap Plates and 1 cannon.
Wall and Common Tents.
Worsted Binding and Cord of all kinds, and Prussian Lace.
(The quantities and number of these articles will be deter-
Casks and Cooperage for one year from 1st April, 1838.
The whole are to be of domestic manufactured materials.
Patterns of all the required Cotton and Woollen Cloths and
articles are deposited in the Commissary General's Office in
this city for examination. Samples of any of the Woollen and
Cotton Cloths will be sent to any manufacturer, on application
to this office, (by mail,) and such information in relation to the
goods as may be desired. The Bootees are to be of eight sizes,
and the Caps of five sizes. The sizes and proportions of sizes
will be stated in the contracts. On the samples and patterns
exhibited the contracts will be founded and inspections made;
and no article will be received that is inferior in the material
or workmanship, or 'that does not correspond in every respect
with the pattern on which a contract is founded.
The supplies are to be delivered at the United States Arsenal
near Philadelphia, for inspection, in equal monthly portions, and
the contracts are to be fulfilled on or before the 1st day of July,
The proposals must be in writing, sealed and endorsed, "Pro-
posals," and must reach the office of the Commissary General
of Purchases on or before the 8th of January, 1838.
Security will be required for the fulfilment of contracts.
Commissary General of Purchases.
Commissary General's Office,
Philadelphia, Dec. 8, 1837. S
dec 12-eot jan.8
BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY.
JOHN J. DONALDSON, PRESIDENT,
NSURES LIVES for one or more years, or for life.
Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
Age. One year. Seven years. For life.
25 1.00 1.12 2.04
30 1.31 1.36 2.36
35 1.36 1.53 2.75
40 1.69 1.83 3.20
45 1.91 1.96 3.73
50 1.96 2.09 4.60
55 2.32 3.21 5.78
60 4.35 4.91 7.00
Ratesfor One Hundred Dollars.
60 years of age, 10.55 per cent.
65 do. 12.27 do. per annum.
70 do. 14.19 do.
For One Hundred Dollars deposited at birth of child, the Com-
pany will pay, if he attain 21 years ofage, $469
At six months, 408
One year, 375
The Company also executes trusts; receives money on depo-
site, paying interest semi-annually, or compounding it, and
makes all kinds of contracts in which life or the interest of mo-
ney is involved. WILLIAM MURDOCK, Secretary.
James II. Causten, City of Washington.
Dr. B. R. Wellford, Fredericksburg, Virginia.
John 0. Lay, Richmond, Va.
D. Robertson, Norfolk, Va.
A. S. Tidball, Winchester, Va.
George Richards, Leesburg, Va.
Neilson Foe, Frederick, Md.
RESENTS FOR BRIDES.-Elegant boxes, con-
taining embroidered kid and satin gloves, and beautiful
bouquet, got up in Paris, expressly as Presents for Brides,
Ere now opened at Stationers' Hall, the only place at which they
can be obtained in this country.
dec 18 (Adv & Met) W. FISCHER.
NEW BOOKS.--Potter's Antiquities of Greece, with
notes, by Thomas Boyd, LL. D)., Glasgow edition.
Mechanics' Pocket Dictionary ; being a note book of techni-
cal terms, rules, and tables in mathematics and mechanics, for
the use of millwrights, engineers, machine makers, founders,
carFenters, joiners, and students of natural philosophy; the
Glasgow edition, just imported and for sale at GARRET
ANDERSON'S Book, Stationery, and Fancy Store, Pennsyl-
vania avenue, between llth and 12th streets.
N EW BOOKS.-The Youth's Letter Writer, or the
Epistolary Art made plain and easy to beginners, through
the examples of Henry Moreton. By Mrs. John Farrar.
The American Frugal Housewife, dedicated to those who are
not ashamed of economy. By Mrs. Child.
Three Experiments of Living: Living within the Means,
Living up to the Means, Living beyond the Means.
Sequel to Three Experiments of Living.
Stories from Real Life, designed to teach true Independence
and Domestic Economy. A fresh supply, just received and
for sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
dec 18 R. FARNHAM.
. ODD'S SABBATH SCHOOL TEACHER.-
- The Sabbath School Teacher, designed to aid in elevating
and perfecting the Sabbath School System. By Rev. John
Todd, Pastor of the First Congregational Church in Philadel-
phia. Just received and for sale between 9th and 10th streets,
nov 10 R. FARNHAM.
SUPERIOR PERFUMERY.-W. FISCHER has
opened, since his return from New York, a very extensive
assortment of superior Perfumery, made by the most celebrated
perfumers in London, Paris and America. The following com-
prise a small portion of the great variety that is constantly kept
for sale at Stationers' Hall, which establishment has been re-
cently much enlarged and greatly improved :
Double Extract Vetivert, Portugal, Cedrat, Vieviene
Bouquet de Caroline, Bouquet de Roi, Bouquet la Reine
Eau de Toilette, Esprit de Cedrat, Eau de Miel
Genuine Farina Cologne, best French and American do
Ambrosial Lavender, Bay Water, Ambrosial Cream
Naples Soap, Naples Compound, Saponaceous Compound
Guerlain's Pomatum and Oil for the Hair
Cold Cream, Rowland's Kalydor and Macassar Oil
Rouge, Aromatic Vinegar
Inexhaustible Salts, with every variety of the best Shaving
Soaps, Toilet Soaps, Oils for the Hair, Powder for the Skin,
Tooth Powder, Lip Salve, &c.
With many other articles too numerous to particularize.
dec 20 (Adv. & Met.)
AT.TW N~V lOV1 TES.-Gentliman Jack. a Naval story.
The Legislature of this State assembled on
Monday last. In the SENATE, STAFFORD H.
PARKER was re-elected Speaker, and LINN
BANKS was re-elected Speaker of the House of
Representatives, both by almost unanimous votes.
The Message of Governor CAMPBELL was
transmitted to both branches of the Legislature
on the same day, and appears in the Richmond
papers of Tuesday. We take from this import-
ant paper the following extract, which, though
long, is worthy of all the space which it occu-
pies, as well on account of its intrinsic merit, as
from the strong indications which it offers of the
opposition of the Old Dominion to the hard-
EXTRACT FROM GOVERNOR CAMPBELL'S MESSAGE.
The subject which, unhappily, at this time, is forced
upon our attention by its deranged condition, is the Cur-
rency of the country. The advantages, on the one hand,
of a uniform and stable currency, and the evils, on the
other, of a currency depreciated and unstable, cannot be
easily exaggerated. The conviction of this truth is uni-
versal. The People, and the Government as well as the
People, have an inappreciable stake in what is permitted to
pass as money. It was therefore to be expected that the
first appearance of derangement in our monetary system
would give rise to earnest inquiries about the causes which
have produced it, and that these would lead to numerous
propositions of amendment. And as banks form a promi-
nent part of that system, and exert a controlling influence
over the currency, it is not a matter of surprise that the
evil, by some, should be imputed to their agency. It is all-
important to separate the accidental from the necessary re-
sults of the banking policy, that we may not fall into the
error of abandoning institutions of great and acknowledged
usefulness, under the mistaken impression that they are in-
The opinions which I had the honor to express with
much diffidence in a late communication to the General
Assembly,.have been confirmed by subsequent reflection.
It would, I humbly conceive, be attended by ruinous sacri-
fices, public and individual, to abandon suddenly the bank-
ing system, as it has been established among us, or to re-
strict it in such a manner as to deny to the community the
facilities to which it has been accustomed. The interestof
the subject, and the novel, and, I fear, dangerous tendency
of some of the plans recently proposed in connexion with
the currency, will excuse, if they do not require, a candid
yet diffident statement of the conclusions to which my own
anxious inquiries have led me.
It has been more than thirty years since banking, as
now practised, was incorporated with the settled polity of
the Commonwealth. The Bank of Virginia was created
in 1804. Eight years afterwards, time having been allow-
ed to witness the good or evil tendency of the policy, the
Farmers' Bank was established. Subsequently, the North-
western Bank and the Bank of the Valley, and, at a late
period, the Merchants' and Mechanics' Bank of Wheeling,
were incorporated. In instances yet more numerous, aris-
ing from the renewal of bank charters which were about
to expire, the General Assembly has, by decisive votes,
given expression to the sense of the community in favor of
the banking policy. Is it wise or politic suddenly to aban-
don a policy so long and fondly cherished, and commit the
property, business, and welfare of the community upon the
issue of an untried experiment ? If it could be shown that
the sources of private and national prosperity would have
been better developed under a different system, still the
consideration that the habits of the community are adapted
to the existing order of things, and that revolutions therein
would unsettle public confidence and involve unavoidable
sacrifices, might well be set off against the demand for the-
oretic perfection. But the reverse of that supposition is be-
lieved to be true; and that we are in no slight degree in-
debted to our liberal system of credit and exchanges for the
hitherto unexampled growth and prosperity of our country.
Without much actual capital, our country was magnifi-
cently endowed with all the elements from which wealth
might be securely derived ; its position, therefore, was that
of all others in which the facilities of a generous credit
were most needed, and could with the most safety be dis-
pensed. Among other instances of great and permanent
advantage, may be mentioned the works of Internal Im-
provement, Canals, Railroads, and Turnpikes. These
must have been delayed to a remote period, if the spare ca-
pital necessary for their construction had first to be accumu-
lated; and, in the interim, the whole country would have
suffered for the want of the requisite channels of intercom-
munication, and the industry of those parts of it more re-
mote from the seabord have been, to a great degree, para-
lyzed. Indeed, the fostering influence of the credit system
hitherto upheld is altogether too visible in our past history,
on the development of the rich resources of our country,
the rewards of industry, and the growth of population, not
to satisfy us that its agency has been extensively and sig-
nally useful. I respectfully submit, that a policy repeated.-
ly approved by the deliberate sanction of the Legislature
and the community, and that so far has been found in
friendly connexion with the great interests of the Common-
wealth, should not be so lightly nor so hastily depart-
It is objected to banks, that they foster a spirit of reck-
less speculation, create artificial values, and expose the
currency to dangerous convulsions. The proof is said to
be found in the sad vicissitude which we have lately ex-
perienced, and from which we have not yet recovered.
Until the suspension of specie payments, the State banks
enjoyed the confidence of the People and the Government,
and their agency was generally conceded to be useful, if
not indispensable. They had been not long before select-
ed as the depositories of the General Government, and,
under that arrangement, a large addition was made to the
money which they held on deposit. The question occurs,
whether the suspension of specie payments be not refer-
rible to causes which the banks had no necessary agency
in creating; and whether it be not in the reach of prudent
legislation to guard against the recurrence of the evil,
without impairing the capacity of banks to be useful; and,
after al!, whether it be not better to incur the risk of oc-
casional inconvenience from mismanagement or indiscre-
tion on the part of the banks, than submit to the greater
and inevitable inconveniences that must attend their over-
throw. It is by no means peculiar to banks, but, on the
contrary, is a property common to all the inventions of
man, for contrivances which are in the main beneficial,
to be now and then the occasion of mis-hief or confusion ;
and it is the part of wisdom not to abandon such as are
generally useful, but to apply itself to the work of judi-
It is of the nature of credit, as implied in the objec-
tion, to present temptations to speculation,and to encourage
demands for, and hence to raise the price of whatever is
coveted as an object of property. But, are these regard-
ed as evils to warrant an attempt to annihilate all credit ?
It is the characteristic of man, and of no people more
than our own, and, regulated by a prudent forecast, no
disposition is more commendable, to anticipate coming
events, and risk the present upon the realization of their
hopes. This is speculation; and the American People
will have lost their energy and enterprise when it ceases
to be a predicate of them. Speculation will exist as well
without banks as with them, and in either case the issue
will hb sometimes unfortunate: and then those who de-
fitable industry without the recompense proposed in se-
curity against reverses.
Among the causes of the recent convulsion, certain
measures of the General Government must be regarded as
not the least influential. The measures alluded to were
doubtless expected to answer valuable and important ends,
and their disturbing influence in other respects was not
designed or anticipated. The Executive order, commonly
known as the Specie Circular, however salutary consi-
dered in reference to its immediate objects, had the effect
to transfer specie from points where it had accumulated by
the ordinary course of trade, to points where it was not
wanted for the current business of the country. This is
one instance of disturbance to the currency, resulting from
the indirect influence of the measures of the General Go-
vernment. Another instance is to be found in the distri-
bution of the surplus revenue among the States, perform-
ing the operation too suddenly, instead of making it as
gradual as possible. Here again the act of the Govern-
ment came in conflict with the operations of trade, and
had the effect of disturbing the equilibrium which had re-
sulted from the general course of business. If to these be
added the inducements held out to such of the banks as
were selected as depositories, to exercise the power of dis-
counting liberally, we shall scarcely, in view of these ex-
trinsic and potent causes, feel ourselves justified in im-
puting the evil in question to the ordinary and natural
operation of the banking system.
The large funds which the Commonwealth has dedi-
cated to the invaluable objects of education and internal
improvement, are invested in the stocks of our banks.,The
notes of these institutions have long performed amongst
us the functions of money, and constituted, and yet con-
stitute, a large portion of our currency. Until recently,
with a single exception, the banks have met their engage-
ments with punctuality, and their notes have been convert-
ible at will into coin. For the suspension of payments in
1814, the excepted instance, an excuse was admitted to
exist in the embarrassments resulting from a war in which
our country was engaged, whilst the valuable services ren-
dered to the Government by the liberal use of their cre-
dit conciliated friends. The ready sale of our produce, at
prices which remunerate the labor employed in their pro-
duction, has been,and still continues to be, effected through
the agency of banks. The value of property, the wages
of industry, the profits of every occupation whatsoever,
are adjusted under the influence of the banking policy,
and its influences are alike beneficial to all. To renounce
this policy, and attempt to attain a currency exclusively
metallic, would be attended by consequences extensively,
.fatally mischievous. Observe its operation,upon debtors.
The reduction of the circulating medium would of course
reduce the price of property; the effect of which would
be, relatively, to augment the debt to be paid. And thus,
a debtor, whose engagements were considered light when
they were contracted, might find his whole means had be-
come inadequate, by a revolution in the currency, to the
payment of his debts. The citizen, in the case supposed,
might well arraign the justice of his Government, that by
its inconstancy had produced his ruin. This is but one
instance of the mischiefs of the innovation. Numerous
others will occur to every considerate mind.
Deeply impressed with these views, I cannotbut regard
with anxiety any proposition proceeding from an imposing
quarter, calculated to discredit the State banks, or to im-
pair their usefulness. I respectfully submit, whether such
may not be the tendency of a proposition entertained in
the national councils, to refuse bank paper, and collect
the whole revenue of the Government in gold and silver.
If the General Government shall come to that determina-
tion before the banks have resumed specie payments, it
must add to their difficulties, and delay the return to spe-
cie payments; and if, in view of that effect, the Govern-
ment should for the present forbear, and adopt the resolu-
tion when specie payments had been restored, it will be
found, I fear, to bear with severity on the banks, to sink
their credit, and to cripple them. If banks be admitted
to be safe, important, and valuable agents in the economy
of the State Governments, and may not, with a just re-
gard to the interests of their constituents, be dispensed
with, I respectfully submit, whether the policy of the
States in this respect be not so far entitled to respect from
the General Government, as that it should not, if to be
avoided, pursue a course calculated to oppress and embar-
There is another view of the subject which demands
the solemn consideration of the General Assembly. The
State banks have been heretofore regarded, and it seems to
me with much reason, as the only safe and practical sub-
stitute for a great national establishment of credit and
finance, under some form or other. If these institutions,
therefore, shall now be allowed to be crushed or discredit-
ed, their efficiency impaired, or the accommodation they
are capable of yielding to both Government and People
thrown aside, the consequence will be, sooner or later, a
resort to some central moneyed power as the exclusive fiscal
agent of the General Government, and the privileged dis-
penser of a national currency. Unfavorable as has been
ourexperience of such an institution, we have not yet seen
it under its most dangerous aspect. Its natural relation is
that of ally and instrument of the Federal Executive, not
its rival and opponent. When two such formidable en-
gines shall work in concert, as, under their natural bias and
impulsion they would do, the result must be a fearful en-
largement of the powers of the Federal Government, des-
tructive alike of the rights of the States and the liberties
of the People. Is it not then incumbent on the friends of
our republican system to uphold the institutions of the
States in all their competent functions, to oppose with firm-
ness every project, which, in rendering the General Gov-
ernment independent of the People and the States, shall
strengthen the arm of Federal power, and which, by lead-
ing to a number of Executive officers, and by giving to the
Executive head a direct control over the public money,
shall augment the patronage, and add to the already formi-
dableinfluenceof that branch of the Government ? The
measures recently proposed in the national councils, before
alluded to, force these considerations on the attention of
every reflecting patriot, and they will doubtless be weighed
by the General Assembly with all the deliberation and so-
lemnity due to the occasion.
The approaching expiration of the charters of the ex-
isting banks will present an early occasion for the revision
and improvement of our banking system. The defects
which experience may have disclosed, will, it is to be hop-
ed, be remedied, and new securities provided against the
dangers and excesses to which it is occasionally liable.
But in the present advanced stage of commerce and civili-
zation, considering the vast and increasing amount of ex-
changes to which the extraordinary developments of mo-
dern industry and enterprise have given rise, and con-
trasting therewith the limited supply of precious metals in
the world, the idea of abolishing every conventional me-
dium of circulation, and returning to an exclusive metallic
currency, must he regarded as altogether behind the pro-
gress of the age. Least of all is it adapted to a new and
growing country like ours, where credit and anticipated
capital have already achieved such wonderful improve-
ments, and where somuch remains to be effected by their
I had hoped to be able to communicate to the General
Assembly the intelligence that all the principal banks in
the Union had agreed ot a day to commence redeeming
their notes in specie, and i-auent that I cannot convey that
desirable information. I o nalrstand, however, the pros-
pect of commencing at no very distant day is favorable;
and that the banks in our State have been and are ready
to fix on an early day. That they should do so is greatly
to be desired; but, however anxious we may feel on the
subject, it is our duty so to act as to render the operation
as little distressing as possible, and avoid every thing
which may tend unnecessarily t, disturb the public confi-
NAVY AGENT'S OFFICE,
WASHINGTON, D. C. DEC. 27, 1837.
Messrs. GALES & SEATON: You will discover that the
enclosed communication was prepared for publication in
the Globe," and that the editor of that paper has declined
giving it an insertion, for reasons which may be satisfactory
to himself, but which will hardly be received in that light
by an impartial community, after his publication of the pro-
ceedings of the convention assailing my reputation. For
this reason I ask you to insert my reply in your paper.
Respectfully, W. L. MAY.
WASHINGTON CITY, DEC. 18, 1837.
To the Editors of the Globe:
GENTLEMEN: I deem it my duty to notice the account of
a convention holden at Peoria, Illinois, on the 29th No-
vember last, and published in your paper of the 11th inst.
Had the members of that convention confined,their at-
tention to the ostensible object for which they were assem-
bled, and had they contented themselves with publishing
their proceedings only in the district of country where the
convention was held, no notice of them would have been
deemed necessary. In Illinois the character of those who
composed the convention is too well known to have rin-
dered it incumbent on me to bestow a single tbatbght upon
them; but when, for the sake of producing effect abroad,
their proceedings are promulgated to the world, through
the columns of the Globe, it is due to the ogpnmunity at
large, as well as to myself, that a plain statement of facts
should be made, and the public mind ihus disabused.
The object of this convention was said to have been the
selection of a candidate for Congress in the districts now
represented by me.
I am far from denying the rights of the People to adopt
any mode they may deem most expedient in the selection
of candidates to represent them, but I may be permitted to
suggest that conventions, as they are gotten up at, present,
are liable to the most serious objections. 4
It is very seldom that the People themselves exercise any
agency in these matters, and the office-holdeij and office-
seekers, with a degree of patriotism which is worthy of all
praise, generally consent to relieve them from this trouble.
The Peoria convention, so far as I have been informed,
does not form an exception to the usual practice of origin-
ating and holding conventions, and the People in that, as
in most other similar instances, scarcely knew of its exist-
ence until its proceedings were published to the world. I
am aware that my present opinions on the subject of con-.
ventions may appear to conflict with those heretofore ex-
pressed by me, but such is not really the fact.
In my first canvass for a seat in Congress I advocated a
National Convention for the selection of a Presidential
candidate, because in that election a majority of all the
votes given was requisite to a choice; and, because, in the
event of there being no choice made by the electors, (a
thing very likely to happen when more than two candidates
were presented,) the People lost the right to vote again,
and the election in that case devolved upon the House of
Representatives. But in aq cases where a plurality of
votes elect, and where the People themselves cannot fail
to make a choice, Iconsider a resort to the practice of con-
ventions, as they are usually managed, subversive of the
principles of our Government, and a flagrant invasion of
the dearest of all civil rights to an American citizen--the
free and unbiassed exercise of the elective franchise.
A national convention secures to the People the power
of electing the Chief Magistrate, but the converse of the
proposition is true in regard to all other conventions, be-
cause, if the behests of such conventions are followed, it
takes from the People the right of choosingthose who are
to administer public affairs. Why may not the People as
well allow the convention at once to elect the representa-
tive to Congress, and thus save themselves the trouble of
thinking or attending the polls to vote, as to feel bound to
support the pretensions of whomsoever that convention
may present to them for" their suffrages Can any man
pretend that he is an independent elector, when he casts
his v6te in obedience to the bidding of those who assume
to judge for him ? And what, let me ask, beeoes, of your
boasted freedom, when you thus tamely surrender the right
of thought and of action, and consent to be led by a set of
designing demagogues and office-seekers, who consultonly
their own advancement.
Again: Can that man who feels and knows that he is
indebted to a few managing politicians for a conventional
nomination, and who, upon that nomination, succeeds in
his election, be a faithful and independent representative of
the whole body of the People ?
On the contrary, will he not feel bound first to consult
the interests of the few to whose officious agency he owes
his elevation, in preference to the interests of the many ?
Another objection to the convention system, and one
which, in my opinion, ought to have great weight, is the
very limited number of persons that attend the primary as-
semblies. In the county of my residence, where there are
3,000 voters, only twenty-seven persons attended the meet-
ing for appointing delegates. Those twenty-seven persons,
then, actually take it upon themselves to act, without the
shadow of authority, for the remaining 2,973 voters.
In other counties, I am told that the primary meetings
were scarcely more numerously attended, and this I the
more readily believed from recognizing in one of the chief
members of that convention, who assumed to represent
Morgan county, a renegade Whig, who, but a few short
months since, was clamorous for a Bank of the United
States, and equally so against General Jackson. I allude
particularly to Mr. Lamborn, the person who reported the
preamble and resolutions adopted by the convention, and
who, until very recently, was known only as a boisterous
Whig. It is true that hie professed to have joined the Ad-
ministration previous t he last general election in Illi-
nois, for the purpose, as it was supposed at that time, of
being run for the General Assembly on the Jackson ticket,
yet so little confidence was generally entertained in ,his
political integrity, that the Jackson men thought it advisa-
ble to allow him to remain at home. He now comes for-
ward as one of the champions of the sub-Treasury scheme,
and, with the zeal of a new convert, is for pursuing with
fire and faggot all who venture to think'such a measure
of dangerous tendency, and who oppose it from the mose
solemn convictions of public duty. It is obvious to the
most superficial observer, that since a course of experiments
has been adopted and persisted in, in regard to our curren-
cy, our condition has been growing from bad to worse.
It is also true that Mr. Lamborn thought, not two years
since, a Bank of the United States could alone restore the
country to its wonted prosperity. What reasons he can
have for now believing that the adoption of the sub-Treasu-
ry scheme and the consequent downfall of all banks will
remove the cruel calamities under which the People are
now groaning, is not for me to say.
If he can point out the particular benefits that are tc re-
sult from the adoption of that plan, he will do more than
he has yet accomplished, and earn for himself a reputation
equal, in-point of political sagacity, to his well-known hab-
its of mendacity and want of moral rectitude. Among other
things in the preamble reported to the convention, he says:
And whereas the enemies of popular rights and equal pri-
vileges are ever watchful, zealous, and active, in producing dis-
cord and division in the Democratic ranks, by which they may
succeed in elevating their own men, measures, and principles :
And whereas the aristocracy of wealth is arrayed with all
its power and influence against thc democracy of numbers :
And whereas a desperate struggle is now being made to re-
duce the People and'their Government to a state of depen-
dence upon, and vassalage to a United States Bank, or a com-
bination of moneyed institutions, that would be alike destructive
to our happiness and prosperity, and subversive of the princi-
ples of our republican system of Government."
Thus admitting that only a few short months since he
was the enemy of popular rights. If he has now become
the friend of popular rights, so much the better; but pure
and patriotic as he now pretends to be, there are those who
still distrust the sincerity of his profession.
In the district represented by me there are thirty-five
.unnnt;oa eirtopn nnlv of which were represented in the con-
~ c '- ~' I ~---~ I- Il'~aP~gerr II II II II I 7 I ~~~'C II II 1~ Il~prr~ ~ I~F~ ICII II IIC-c~ II i
I that attended the preliminary mee t tions: the strongest measures, unless undertaken by the
how is body of us atwhenll assemble wd "V E TNT E SEN TE united phalanx of the South, would be but as wax in the
how id' 's body of usurpers act when assembleha dE BATA IN THE SENATE. fire. When his colleague should thus be inclined to act
they proceed to the performance of the duty for which they th be inclined to a
were pretended to be chosen ? No. The very first ac THURSDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1837. harbinger of full success.
were pretended to be chosen No. The very first actwith the whole body of the South, it would e to him the
after their organization was the exercise of an unwarrant-THURDAY, DECEMBER 1837. harbinger of full success.
able assumption of power never conferred, nor intended to Mr. CALHOUN said that his colleague com-
be conferred upon them, by the People. I would respect- INTERFERENCE WITH STATE RIGHTS. menced his observations with a remark, that he had only
fully ask the People of my district whether they can give The resolutions offered by Mr. CALHOUN, declaratory seen these resolutions in the Globe this morning. If he
their sanction and approval to the following resolution of the relations, functions, and duties of the General Go- would cast his eyes over the papers on his desk, he would
adopted by the convention: vernment and the several States, coming up in their order, find them among the printed documents in conformity of
"Resolved, That the Hon. WILLIAM L. MAY, Member of Mr. CALHOUN said it was not his intention the order to print them, passed yesterday. [Here Mr. P.
Congress from this district, has disregarded and forfeited the discss t
Congress from this district, has disregarded and frfeited the to discuss these resolutions, now or hereafter, except it rose and remarked he had since seen them.]
pledges given to his constituents before his election to the of- should become necessary in order to repel objections. The His colleague next remarked that he had but little in-
fice which' he now occupies, and that he be respectfully re- solutions spoke for themselves. They had been drawn cliation to affirm abstract propositions, as experience had
quested to resign his seat in Congress, in consideration of his u with the utmost care. All, he trusted, would agree in taught him that they were usually but little regarded in
oppore station their correctness, who regarded this as a Federal Repub- practice. It was but too true that they were often disre-
This resolution ears pon is face the most palple lic, of which the States were the component parts. Those guarded in the midst of party excitement and struggles, of
falsehood, and every man n ith e coenti w vted fo who entertained a different opinion, and regarded this which we had, he acknowledged, many and lamentable
falsehood, and every man n the convention who voted forelements examples of late; but so far from rendering the reiteration
its adoption gave his sanction and approval to charges Government as a great National public, whose ofgreat abstract truths useless, he conceived that the very
which he must have known to be false. What pledge consisted not of the several States, but of the collective reuths useless,
made by me to my constituents has ever been forfeited mass of individuals belonging to all the States taken in ground on which his colleague objected is the very one
None; made by me to my constituents has ever been forf my enemies the aggregate, would, he supposed, withhold their assent which called for their frequent reiteration. Thevery fact
one; and I challenge the uost scrutiny of my enemies these resolutions. that we are apt to forget the great principles of morals or
to show that, in a solitary instance, I have not redeemed Mr. C. said resented them as a test, to ascertain religion, in the midst of the many temptations that daily
every pledge made by me. Did I pledge myself to the sup- Mr. C. said he presented them as a test, to ascertain
port of the sub-Treasury schemed I Certainly not; for whether there was any one common ground, on which surround us, is the reason why their frequent repetition is
every friend of the Administraton, as I have shown n my all that were opposed to abolition might be rallied, and enjoined; and if, even with this precaution to keep them
every friend of the A tto, a hae h in my which was at the same time sufficiently elevated and continually present in our mind, they are often violated,
late Circular, with one exception, repudiated this very ea- strong to resist their assaults. All professed to be opposed how much more frequently would they be without it
sure in 1835; and I but maintain the same position now to abolition; but, it so happened, that they had heretofore In like manner, all wise people who have proved them-
that I occupied then. The fault is not that I have changed been unable to rally a majority on any one ground against selves worthy of liberty have acted in reference to great po-
my ground, but that I have refused to change, an support them. When we objected to receiving petitions which in- litical principles. The great charter of British liberty is
a measure which received the unqualified condemnation of th but a collection of abstract principles, which became
General Jackson, during his administration, and which suited every Southern Senator and the whole of the South- u a colectbion to a strict principles, which became
was pronounced, on all hands, as revolutionary and disor- States, we were told that they could not be rejected being re-affirmed again and again. If his o emory
ganizing, and tending, more than any thing that had ever without violating the right of petition; and thus many, ser being re-affirmed again and again. If his memory
been proposed, to consolidation. There needs but the Mr. C. doubted not, who were opposed to the abolitionists, served him, Magna Charta was recounted more than
unioeen of the moneyed power of this Government with the wee found unfortunately on their side. It had been so twenty times. Such, in fact, is the importance attached to
union of the Executive, already thisoo overgrown, by reason on every other particular question. The result of the the frequent recurrence to great fundamental truths, that
power of the Executive, already too overgrown, by reason whole was, that Congress was constantly receding before some of the State Constitutions hold that it is indispensa-
of the immensepatronage attached to the office, to render whole was, that Congress was constantlyreceding before some of the preservatonstitutions hod that it is indispensa-
the President more potent than any sovereign of Europe; the abolitionists. It was, as he had anticipated, in effect ble to the preservation of liberty; and all the memorable
andth e President more passg strange, that these watchful guar- to tell them to go on with more and more vigor. In this struggles tor constitutional liberty would seem to confirm
and it is strange, passing strange, that these watchful guar- state of things, all who were sound, he would suppose, i s tr th.
dians of the People's rights-those pure and ex ve pt- would see the vast importance of finding some common The generalprinciples comprised in the resolutions
riots, who can discover so much danger in a Bank of the w were, in his opinion, clearly drawn from the character of
United States, are unable to perceive the slightest causeof ground on which all who were in reality opposed to the were, in his opinion, clearly drawn from the character of
United States, are e Executive the sligtesti cause o ba r wild and dangerous spirit of fanaticism now abroad could our political system, and formed the only strong ground on
alarm in making the Executive the great nationaanerbe rallied. This he had sought in the higher elements of which there was any hope of rallying a majority in support
and thus uniting, in their own phrase, "the aristocracy ofur system, and the necessary relations arising therefrom of Southern institutions. They show clearly that the
wealth" with the patronage" Of the Government against passing above the questions which had heretofore divided movements and design of these fanatics are not only un-
the democracy of numbers. Of so fearful a nature d I resolutions presented the re- constitutional, but utterly subversive of the fundamental
regard the union of the purse with the Government, that I this body. He had in these resolutions presented the re- constitutional but utterly subversive of the fundamental
Sh e e t suit of his research. They presented a brief analysis of principles of our political system, and a palpable violation
would suffer martyrdom sooner than lend itthe least uppor our system, as far as it related to this subject; and what of good faith. He deemed the occasion one of sufficient
The Legislature may instruct me to o so, and I will must be the inevitable and certain tendency of the present magnitude to recur to those fundamental principles.
with pleasure resign my seat to make place for one more state of things on our institutions. He hoped he had so His colleague also objected that the time for resoling is
obedient to Executive authority, and more willing to sacri- far succeeded, that when the Senate came to deliberate on past, and that for action has arrived. Mr. C. hoped that
fice his country, in his blind zeal and bigoted devotion, to the resolutions, they would sanction them by a large ma- his colleague was prepared, with some definite and strong
party, but I will never, never, abate one jot or tittle in my jority proposition, to meet the danger. He (Mr. C.) would no,
opposition to a scheme fraught with so much danger to the The vote he should regard as testing their views on the be found wanting, whenever such a one may be brought for-
liberties of the People.
liberties of limy constituents, at the Peopletime they subject of abolition. If the resolutions should be reject- ward. In the mean time, there was nothing in the resolu-
elevated mnn to my present statimy constituents, at th as a mee ed) lie would consider it as throwing down all constitu- tions which he had offered that could stand in he way of
onaelevated me to my present stat a barriers in the way of the abolitionists, and laying action. They were intended to present, in the clearest and
machine, to be propelled oracted upon only bythe will of pen the domestic institutions of the South and West to most conclusive manner, the strength of our cause, and the
the Executive; or that they expected me to support every ope the domestic institutions of the South and West tos o a of our e d e
the Executive; or that they expected me to support every their attacks. If, on the contrary, they should be adopt- weakness of that of our assailants; and if they should he
measure that might be recommended by that officer, whe- ed, he would consider it as a pledge on the part of the Se- sustained by the Senate, as he trusted they would,t would
their myjudgment approved it or not. If they did, they nate to maintain the great principle, that each State give us the most solid ground from which to operate that
have grossly mistaken my character; for I would scorn to should manage and regulate its own institutions, in its cou be imagined. It is time for the South and West to
itshas couir bevor i ne Itc isle time frte ohanWst
purchase their favor by such vile subserviency, or hold of- own way, without interference fro other States, and that comeforward and take their stand, and to assume th high
fice by a tenure so disgraceful. Whenever the represen- it stood prepared to go as far as the Constitution would ground which the Constitution and their rights clearly
tatives of the People are required to yield implicit obedi- it sood pepare to o as ar asthe onstiutionwoul
taves of the People are required to yield implicit obeds- permit, to carry out their pledge. If the resolutions were give them. The disease is in progress, and advances from
ene to Exeutive recommendations, then the Congress is eluded, Mr. C. would consider it not only as an admission day to day. To-morrow it will be worse than to-day, and
a useless and unnecessary appendae of Government, and of their trnth, but also that a dread of displeasing constitu- on the succeeding worse than to-morrow. But ashorttime
the President alone becomes the law-making power. To ents, and putting to hazard party prospects, were deemed since, there was but a handful of fanatics asking to abolish
public opinion, when properly expressed, I shall always b
public opinion, whee en properly xpciresmission; but I halwys e b body of greater importance than the obligations of slavery in this District, and now we have resolutions from
yield due deference and implicit submission butI have the Constitution, or the safety of the Union. one ot the States of the Union going far beyond : asking to
too much respect for the iteligence and virtue of the Peo- These resolutions, should they be adopted, would be abolish slavery in the Territories, as well as the District
ple, to regard the acts of the Peoia Convention as emana- found, e trusted, highly salutary, in rectifying the public to prohibit the purchase and sales of slaves between the
voting agf nsathe sub-Tre sury scheme, I hav e violated n ntiment, and in putting at rest the fanatical spirit which States, and objecting to the annexation of Texas, on the
voting againstthe sub-Treasury scheme, I have violated threatens so much danger to our institutions. The ground that it would extend and strengthen the institutions
no pledge; and had the convention specified the partcu- idethat this was one great national republic, to which of nearly one-half of the States of this Union. The next
lar instance in which I had done so it would have saved States bore the same relation that counties do to a step will be to abolish slavery in the States, and then to put
me the trouble of preparing this defence of my votes. State, and in which, of course, the voice of an absolute the two races on an equality-a proposition as monstrous
Did violate any pedge given, in voting against the is- numerical majority was without any practical restraint and unconstitutional as it may be, not more so than some
sue of Treasury notes ? Certainly not; for no one ap- he had long believed, if not the source of that fanatical already advanced.
prehended that the Government would be driven to the ne- He understood his colleague t oject to the absurdity
cessity of resorting to that measure-a measure which spirit which had raised this crusade against our institu- He understood his colleague to object to the absurdity
Gen. Jackson, in one of his letters to the Globe, declared tions, was the cause that had excited it into action. The of attempting to rally all on any general resolutions on this
to b constitutional Did I violate a veiled antidote was to be found in the opposite view of our subject. He could not be more deeply impressed than he
to e unconstitutional. Did I violate any given pledge system; that it was a federate republic; that the States (Mr. C.) was of the folly of any such attempt; andhis col-
voting against the postponement o the payment o the composed its parts, and that the Union was formed league greatly misunderstood him in supposing him capa-
fourth instalment, due the States under the deposit act and entered into tor the purpose of their mutual advan- ble of committing such an act of folly. So far from attempt-
It cannot be pretended, for a recoure to this like the last and security. He felt confident that State rights ing to rally abolitionists and all, he expressly confined him-
mentioned measure, was never anticipated The truth is would be found in this, as in all other cases of difficulty selfin his remarks to the sound portion of this body and the
I have violated no pledge; and I appeal from the decision and danger, the only conservative principle in the system; community. His object was to afford them some common
of a packed and corrupt convention an throw myself te only one that could interpose an effectual check to ground on which to stand in opposition to the wild and
upon the country at large for trial. But this august body the danger, and restore harmony and concord to the dangerous spirit now abroad, and which threatens the
of men, after having charged me with a violation of pledges Union. Union and institutions of the country with so much danger.
given, respectfully request me to resign my seat. I know Mr. C. would not urge the Senate to a vote on the reso- His colleague had compared these resolutions to those
of no better method than to treat this request with silent-
of no better method than to treat lutions now; and if no Senator desired to say any thing at that were offered in the other House some years since by
and sovereign contempt. I will now close this communi- present, he would move to postpone them till Wednesday Mr. Pinckney, in order to show that they were similar;
cation by noticing one other act of the convention, em- next, with an understanding that the Vermont resolutions and has inferred, as the one has had no good effect, the
braced in the following resolution: should come up on Thursday. He wished these to be other will not probably have. He must be permitted, in
"Resolved, That, ii. the opinion of this convention, the re- considered in advance of the Vermont resolutions; the reply, to say, that there is not a single point of analogy be-
celt appointidnt ofH. B. Truett to the office of register of the reason why he would state on that occasion. He wished tween the two. These make no concessions. On the con-
land office at Galena was not in accordance with the wishes them to undergo a solemn consideration; it was due to the trary, they take the highest constitutional ground. The
his standing is such as to require of us a recommendation to the country generally, and the section he in part represented others made, in his opinion, (and he thinks experience has
President for his immediate removal." in particular, proven it to be correct,) important and dangerous conces-
The President is here requested to remove from office a Mr. PRESTON said that, having for the first sons. They yield the right of petition directly, and, ty in-
man who has scarcely entered upon the discharge of his time seen these resolutions in the Globe of this morning, strict. The object of one was conciliation ; of the other,
official duties, and against whom not the slightest corn- he had had no opportunity of examining them with the the affirmation of our rights in the highest and most solemn
plaint hts been alleged, attention he should have wished; he could not but approve, manner, and a denunciation, in like manner, of any attempt
It is not pretended that he is not honest-that he is not as of course, of the abstract principles they contained, so to violate them.
competent-that he is not, in point of standing, at least, far as he could judge from a hasty perusal; they were Mr. C. concluded by expressing his hope that when his
the equal of any one of the respectable dele delegates of the principles which, as it was well known, he (Mr. P.) had colleague came to reflect on the subject, he would waive
convention; nor is it even asserted positively that he is not always asserted, and was always ready at every timeto as- his objections and unite in aiding to pass the resolutions.
acceptable to a majority of the great body of the People. sert. He was very doubtful, however, what success would
Nor can it be pretended that he is at all deficient in that flow from mere resolutions of this description, however Mr. PRESTON, in reply, observed that his
indispensable requisite and universal passport to Executive just and correct they might be in the abstract. He was colleague had totally mistaken him, (Mr. P.) if he thought
favor-devotion to the Administration; for he has been, ready to admit that abstract principles were in themselves that he was opposed to abstract principles. On the con-
and still is, a warm supporter of Gen. Jackson, as well as of very great importance: there could be no doubt of'that. trary, Mr. P. fully assented to the proposition that it was
of Mr. Van Buren. But the five loaves and two small But when it was found by oft experience that abstract of the highest importance that first principles should be
fishes are desired by certain followers of the camp, whose principles were not attended with conformity in practice, well understood. He did not dispute the proprietv of these
impatience and ravenous desire to feed at the public ex- but, on the contrary, were either trampled under foot or principles; he did not dispute the propriety of these re-
pense cannot longer be restrained. I have always suppos- argued away, then it appeared to him that the mere reas- solutions; he did not dispute the propriety of declaring
ed that the People felt no other interest in having an office sertion of abstract principles to those who have shown that and asserting these principles, which were dear to his
filled than that the incumbent should discharge its duties they do not regard them,is, to say the least, but labor lost. heart. In all this he concurred with his colleague; but
with fidelity to the Government and acceptably to them- As a proof of the futility of abstractions and mere profes- the point on which he differed with him-that which he
selves; and when Mr. Truett ceases to do ode or the other, sions, he would say, it had fallen to his let to have been uni- denied-was the propriety, the utility, the wisdom of offer-
it will then be time to take the necessary steps to effect formly the advocate of State rights on this floor, and,in ad- ing resolutions and abstractions such as these as the REM-
his removal. This resolution, more than any thing else, vocatingthose rights, he had repeatedly found himself placed EDY for the injuries and insults inflicted upon the South !
discloses the feelings and objects the convention really in direct opposition to that very party which professedly His colleague had dwelt upon the necessity of teaching
had in view. Under the cloak of patriotism, and of assem- advocated and pretended to assert the same rights; and that and repeatedly inculcating moral truths for the preserva-
bling to deliberate upon matters of public concern, they was the so styled great "DEMOCRATIC JEFFERSO- tion of morals. But is that enough ? Do we go no fur-
are found venting their impotent malice against an indivi- NIAN REPUBLICAN PARTY." This was,perhaps, their than that in asserting moral duties ? Do we content
dual whose only offence is, that he has obtained, under the enough to show that the observance of abstract principles, ourselves with merely saying to the thief, thou shalt not
Government, an employment which was sought after by and the declaration of assent to them, are two very differ- steal ?" Do we think such moral declarations of the mere
some of themselves; and, if the People can warrant this ent things, and that they are most often violated where abstraction enough to prevent theft, and render our pro-
assumption of power I am much mistaken. 'In reflecting they are most loudly proclaimed. Under this impression, perty secure ? Do we not rather resort to legislative mea-
upon my political course, which has called down upon me he felt no confidence whatever in again resorting to mere sures ? Do we not enforce instead of preach ? Are we
the bitter denunciations of some of the newspapers pre- creeds and abstractions for the protection of Southern satisfied with hearing, every Sabbath, the declaration,
tending to be democratic, it is a source of no small conso- rights. Mr. P. declared himself to be most willing to go thou shalt not steal ?" Do we depend on that alone as
lation to remember that my stand was taken against the with his colleague (Mr. CALHOUN) in these resolutions, or a protection for our pocketbooks? Far from it. We pass
sub-Treasury at a time when there existed a doubtful state in any other measure, provided he could see a reasonable laws, and we hang the man who violates the principle
of public sentiment; when it was not known that there prospect of benefit to the South ; but he felt obliged to de- thou shalt do no murder." Our principles are as true as
would be such a universal, such an overwhelming, simul- clare that he could not see any advantage likely to be these, and, therefore, are not to be left for their enforce-
taneous rising of the People against it. From Maine to gained by the mere reiteration of truisms, acknowledged ment to mere declarations and resolutions. The empty as-
Mississippi their voice has gone forth, ringing the death on all sides. To him it appeared that a united action on sertion of un !oubted truths will only fall like brutum ful-
knell of this daring experiment; and yet it is again press- the part of Southern gentlemen was chiefly to be de- men, and will result, as it has already done, in exacerbat-
ed upon the consideration of Congress. Upon the course sired-an action in which they should proceed not indivi- ing the disease. To look to such irritating applications for a
that the Executive has thought proper to pursue, I make dually, but conjointly and with unanimity. At this mo- remedy, after already so completely experiencing their ut-
no comment, and submit the matter to the unbiassed judg- ment there was a prospect of such action ; measures were ter inefficiency, is to abandon our cause.
ment of the People themselves, who alone are, and ought now in contemplation, and unanimity was the only thing As to the idea presented of finding a command ground,
to be, the supreme arbiters in all matters of public concern, required to give effect to these deliberations, one on which there may be a general agreement, plausible
Had I consulted my individual interests, I should have Three years ago (said Mr. P.) this very same plan was and captivating as the idea may appear to some, when first
given to the measure my support at the called session. I recommended, viz. that of having recourse to an exposition broached, the least reflection will show that it is illusive.
knew the fiery ordeal to which my motives would be sub. of fundamental principles. It was tried, and it signally If he (Mr. P.) should ever find himself placed on such
ejected. I knew that the hireling presses would pour their failed. How did it result ? What were its consequences? common ground, he confessed he should begin to look
filthy abuse upon me. I knew that men dependent upon We now witness its effects in the increase of this agi- around him with alarm and suspicion at the company which
Executive favor.for daily bread would impugn my conduct, station; the disease was becoming more inveterate; it has surrounded him. Let us only arrive at this common ground-
and endeavor to blast my reputation. I fully knew the increased, instead of being checked; and it is entirely this field of quiet compromise-and the South is lost.
fearful odds I had to contend against, but I did not hesi- attributable to this proceeding. But until the Senate, Mr. CALHOUN said he did not intend to
tate, and glorious indeed has been the result, instead of giving countenance to agitating discussions and relut sa he intend t
I stood side by side with the gallant little band ,ho were useless reasoning, shall follow the example of the other propose these resolutions as a cure; he intended them only
determined to hazard every thing for the sacred cause of House, and put a stop decidedly and at once to the whole as a test, in order to test the feeling of the Senate. It was
liberty-who were resolved, at all hazards, to stay the fur- subject and its entrance here, the disorder will only in- equally far from his contemplation to propose a common
their progress of Executive encroachments. We fought, crease, and that tenfold. He (Mr. P.) was clear in ground on which all might agree; far was he from utter-
we triumphed, and the echo of the approving shout of mul- his idea, notwithstanding the contrary sentiment of his ing such a proposition. As to the result of former resolu-
titudes has scarcely yet died away upon the distant shores honorable friend from Kentucky, (Mr. CLAY.) This thing tons, no comparison could be instituted. His resolutions
of the Mississippi. (said Mr. P.) must be ended, and not argued; this wound went upon higher ground ; they would place those who
It is glory enough for me not to have served under any must be closed, and not atevery moment torn open afresh, opposed abolition in a higher region than any former reso-
particular chieftain, but to have been associated with a band He denied that the Senate was a competent jurisdiction; lutions ad done. He oe enly rose to correct the misappre-
of true democrats, who, at one of the most critical and he would not have the rights of the South argued before hension of his views into which it appeared to him his col-
trying periods of our country's history, successfully resist- it; he would not stand here to be outraged and insulted ; league (Mr. PRESTON) had fallen.
ed the most daring attempt that has ever been made to con- the thing should be treated as coram non judice ; as a Mr. PRESTON said he could not but think
solidate all power in the hands of the Federal Government. question not to be tried here. Such resolutions as these that his colleague was mistaken in the views he had taken,
SR ararlv a daV nsap's tha h t dnoe not hrinr fr.m mrv imma x.x..r l:, :, m 1ntin n o.n iimi-z:. in :q : .*,1:i-,fi l: w .ih :n n t .. rrt be.l o .. f ..- L ,..
Mr. STRANGE, ofN. C., said he wanted
words to express the feelings which agitated his bosom
when these resolutions were introduced, and he still felt
painfully upon the subject. How could it be otherwise ?
There was no child's play in any measure adopted in rela-
tion to it. To those who resided in the Southern portion
of this country, every thing dear to the human heart, our
property-our wives-our children-our lives-our coun-
try, were staked upon the issue. He (Mr. S.) regretted
that these resolutions had been introduced; he had been
privately consulted, it was true, previous to their introduc-
tion, but the advice he had felt it his duty to give had been
disregarded. He did not know that they contained any
maxim or sentiment which he did not heartily approve, but
to the fact of introduction he was altogether opposed, be-
cause it must inevitably produce discussion and agitation.
This, from the bottom of hin soul, he wished to avoid, and
what the abolitionists most ardently coveted. It was a
game in which the South might lose, and could not possl-
bly gain. So much opposed had he been to any agitation
of the subject, that at a former session. on a motion to print
a most respectful memorial from many highly respectable
citizens of this District against the abolition of slavery
within it, he had voted in the negative. With what con-
sistency can we complain of the abolitionists circulating
their pamphlets and speeches when we ourselves shall have
set theexample ? And just as sure as these resolutions were
pressed, they would, in his (Mr. S.'s) opinion, lead to dis-
cussion-discussion, agitation-agitation,in endless succes-
sion. What, he would ask, was to be accomplished by their
adoption ? They asserted a series of abstract principles which
he believed fully entitled to assent, but the same were as-
serted in a more imposing and effectual form in the Con-
stitution. Was it intended to increase the vigor of that
instrument by re-asserting its principles in this form ? Such
an expectation was altogether delusive. If that compact
was now to be formed, it would not be so favorably mod-
elled for us upon this subject, and we cannot hope for
amendments to it rendering it more conformable to our
views. If, then, that sacred charter does not secure us
against the assaults of abolitionists, no legislative action
can ; and these resolutions would prove worse than ineffec-
tual. Nor did he (Mr. S.) agree with the other Senator
from South Carolina, that some measure more vigorous
than the adoption of these resolutions was wanting on our
part. He believed the proper course was not to agitate the
question at all. Our strength (said Mr. S.) in the language
of scripture, is to sit still. He believed the mass of the
Northern people to be sound, and that few were against us
except those whose brains were addled with the spirit of
fanaticism. Why, then, invite a discussion of this subject?
There are some dangers which are most safely encounter-
ed by rushing to meet them; others are most successfully
overcome by calmly waiting their approach, and with dig-
nity presenting a manly bosom. The danger before us is
of the latter kind. Who would seek to stay the waves of
the advancing ocean by rushing to meet them ? None but
a maniac would dream of such a course. What we have
now to encounter is a vast moral current which has over-
flowed England, and coming impetuously across the At-
lantic has already, it seems, swept away one of the sisters
of our Confederacy, and God knows how many more it
may yet sweep away. The barriers of the Constitution
are all which we have to oppose its advance; behind them
we must calmly await our destiny. We shall find safety
there, or we shall find it nowhere. When those barriers are
broken down or overleaped, nothing will remain'to us but
to use the physical force which God has given us for the
defence of our rights; then I shall be for resorting to it, and
not till then.
In the mean time my course shall be as it always has
been, to avoid agitation upon this subject, and, when peti-
tions are presented to this body, quietly, dispassionately,
and without discussion, to lay upon the table the motion
to receive them. I care not whether these petitions come
from individuals, collections of individuals or sovereign
States. Whatever respect upon other subjects a sovereign
State may be entitled to receive, when she forgets the de-
licate nature of the present subject, and the deep and vital
interests which her sister States have in connexion with
it, and rashly brings it into public discussion, not a scruple
crosses my mind as to the treatment which a petition from
her to this body is entitled to receive. I should vote to
reject it. That is my opinion in relation to all such peti-
tions, as the most quick and yet the most decided action.
Mr. SWIFT remarked that he had no desire
to participate in the debate growing out of the resolutions
presented by the honorable Senator from South Carolina,
(Mr. CALHOUN,) but allusions had been made by gentle-
men, in the course of the debate, to certain resolutions
adopted by his State Legislature which he deemed unjust
and improper. Those resolutions, though they had been
presented by him on a former occasion, were not now be-
fore the Senate; and inasmuch as he had given notice to
the Senate of his purpose to present them again, at an early
day, he should not now notice those remarks, or enter into
any vindication of his Legislature in adopting those resolu-
tions. He must, however, protest against any farther al-
lusions of the kind to those resolutions, on this or any other
occasion, until they were presented to the Senate, when
gentlemen would have a full opportunity of discussing the
merits of said resolutions, and of expressing such senti-
ments respecting them as they may think proper.
Mr. CALHOUN said that he agreed with the
Senator from North Carolina, (Mr. STRANGE,) in object-
ing to the agitation of this question; but he ought to urge
his objections against the fanatics and those who counte-
nance them here, and not those who repelled their assaults.
They were the agitators; not we, who stand defensively
on our rights. So long as they continued to agitate and
have the right of reception here, it was impossible to
avoid the question. If these resolutions were withdrawn,
the subject would come up, in a shape far more favorable
to the agitators and embarrassing to us, with the Vermont
The Senator said he sat entrenched quietly behind the
ramparts of the Constitution against these assaults on our
property and security. He, too, relied on the Constitu-
tion; and in presenting, in the shape of general proposi-
tions, the principles of the Constitution on which we relied,
and which went clearly to establish our rights, and to
show the utter violation of that instrument, on the part of
our assailants, so far from abandoning, or weakening our
constitutional basis, we greatly strengthen them. It is the
mode which has always been adopted to repel aggressions,
and, among the many remarkable examples, he might cite
the case of the Alien and Sedition laws. Did the oppo-
nents of these unconstitutional measures sit quietly behind
the Constitution, holding it up as their shield, as the Se-
nator advises? No. They adopted the course that he has
followed. They presented the infractions of the Constitu-
tion in general and comprehensive propositions, backed by
the authority of two powerful States, and gloriously tri-
uniphed in their opposition. In like manner, he has pre-
sented similar propositions against this infinitely more out-
rageous and dangerous infraction, and has asked the Se-
nate, as the peculiar representatives of the States, in their
corporate capacity, to add to them the sanction of their
authority. He hoped that they would receive, not only
the sanction of the Southern and Western members, but
those from other sections; and he trusted that the Senator
from North Carolina himself, when he had reflected more
maturely on the subject, would not be found among those
who would endeavor to give the resolutions the go-by.
Mr. STRANGE replied that he had already
said he would vote for the resolutions if they should be
pressed upon the consideration of the Senate-a measure
to which he was altogether opposed, because of the discus-
sion and agitation it must necessarily create. The Senator
from South Carolina had complained of his dissuading his
friends from stirring this subject, and advised him to preach
his doctrines to the abolitionists. If, said Mr. S. I may be
said to preach upon this subject at all, I preach to both par-
ties; he considered the discussion and agitation of this sub-
ject, on either side, equally mischievous. The Senator
had asked him if, as the subject was pressed upon us, it
were not better to meet our adversaries a little offensively ?
He answered no! emphatically. As he had already said,
our strongest position is to stand still, ensconced behind
the barriers of the Constitution. There were some truths
that would not bear discussion, however clear in them-
selves. Who has any hope ofsucceeding in a cause before
a packed jury? Who has any hope of bringing convic-
tion to a mind deeply imbued with prejudice ? Who rea-
sons with a maniac ? And who is not aware that there is
no madness so unreasonable as the madness of fanaticism ?
Arguing with it is even more unwise and improvident
where any great issue is at stake, than casting pearls be-
fore swine." All our Northern brethren who are not vic-
tims of fanatical delusion are already with us, and upon
4upi- : .i ml no *-i m uvk eI mn nn nddifinnal imnr T s-.inn in onr.
their operation upon the minds of our slaves? There is
in every mind a moral attraction for some classes of argu-
ment and a moral repulsion for others, not at all dependent
upon the actual soundness of the arguments themselves.
Whatever is agreeable to our previous wishes'andinclina-
tions is eagerly heard and readily credited, while every
thing opposed to our prejudices or propensities, however
true and reasonable in itself, is coldly heard, and scarcely
believed in. A historical illustration of one of these truths
occurs to me, doubtless well remembered by the Senator
from South Carolina, and the pages of antiquity are full of
parallel cases. Deluded followers flocked around John of
Leyden, merely because he taught them that it was lawful
and praiseworthy to indulge without limit their sensual ap-
petites. A moral proclivity such as this exists in regions
whither abolition doctrines will be wafted from this Hall.
Every agitation of the subject weakens the moral force in
our favor, and breaks down the moral barriers which now
serve to protect and secure u4. Sir, we have every thing
to lose, we have nothing to gain by agitation and discus-
On motion of Mr. CALHOUN, the subject was post-
poned to Wednesday next.
A T an election held at the Bank of Washington, on Mon-
day, the 1st inst. the undernamed were elected Directors
of the institution for the ensuing year :
Wm. Gunton, Stanislaus Murray,
Nathaniel Frye, Edward Dyer,
F. A. Dickins, C. A. Harris,
Samuel Burch, E. G. Emack,
George Bomford, J. Gideon, jr. and
Edward Semmes, Richard C. Washington.
At a meeting of the Board on the following day, WM. GUN-
TON was re-elected President, and C. C. Hyatt elected to fill
the vacancy thereby occasioned at the Board.
jan 5-3t (Glo.)
ALT a meeting of the Stockholders of the Washington, Alex-
andria, and Georgetown Steam-packet Company, held
January 1st, 1837,
Archibald Henderson, Richard C. Washington, and
William Gunton, Jacob Gideon, Jr.
Were elected Directors for the ensuing year. And at a subse-
quent meeting, Wm. Gunton was chosen President, and Darius
Clagett was elected a Director to supply the vacancy.
jan 5-3t President.
Office of the Firemen's Insurance Company of Wash-
ington and Georgetown, Jan. 3, 1838.
HE following named gentlemen were elected Directors of
this Company on Monday, the 1st instant, by the several
fire companies composing this association, viz.
George Adams, of the Navy Yard Fire Company.
Joseph Follansbee and James Adams, of the Columbia Fire
John C. Harkness and Andrew Rothwell, of the Persever-
ance Fire Company.
John C. Rives and McClintock Young, of the Franklin Fire
John D. Barclay and Edmund Hanly, of the Union Fire
Charles E. Eckel, of the Vigilant Fire Company.
George Shoemaker, of the Western Star Fire Company.
And at a meeting of the Directors on Tuesday, the 2d in-
stant, William Gunton was re-elected President.
The office of this Company is at the corner of 10th street
west and Pennsylvania Avenue, (up stairs,) open from 10 till 3
o'clock daily; where, or to any of the Directors, applications
may be made for insurance against loss by fire, on any species
of property in the county of Washington.
Stockholders who have not already sent in their stock notes,
are requested to do so before the 20th instant; printed forms
of the notes may be had at the office, or of either of the direc-
tors living in Georgetown.
jan 5-3t Secretary.
Office of the Potomac Insurance Company,
GEORGETOWN, JANUARY 3, 1838.
T HE President and Directors have declared a dividend
of twenty-two per cent. for the half year ending the
31st ultimo, on the amount of capital paid in; sixteen per
cent. of which is carried to the credit of the Surplus fund, and
the remaining six per cent. will be paid to the Stockholders, or
their legal representatives, on or after the 15th instant.
WILLIAM J. GOSZLER,
jan 5-3tif Secretary.
OCKHART'S LIFE OF SCOTT, vols. 4 and 5,
Boston edition, with a Portrait of Scott. For sale between
9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
jan 5 R. FARNHAM.
PPLES & BROOMS, &c.-Just received per schr.
81 barrels of Apples, (white and red)
46 dozen Corn Brooms, of different qualities
For sale low, toclose them, from the vessel.
Apply to J. N. FEARSON,
jan 5--3t Georgetown.
cCULLOCH'S COMMERCIAL DICTIONA-
RY, latest edition, is just received for sale by
Also, Loudon's Encyclopedia of Plants.
Loudon's EncycloFedia of Gardening.
Loudon's Encyclopaedia of Agriculture.
Loudon's Encyclopaedia of Cottage, Farm, and Villa Ar-
And many other valuable English editions.
WHISKEY, OIL, COAL, &c.
20 barrels Old Monongahela Whiskey
500 gallons Bleached Winter Oil
10 casks new Rice
160 tons Coal
Just received and for sale in lots to suit purchasers, by
jan 5-3t (Glo.) Auctioneer.
FIREWOOD FOR SALE.-From one to two thou-
sand cords of the bcet Firewood for sale, on reasonable
terms, about from one to two miles from Georgetown Ferry, on
the west side of the river. The wood either cut and corded, or
standing, to suit purchasers. Apply to'J. W. Minor, Esq. at
the Glebe House, in the vicinity, or to the subscriber, in this
city. JOHN P. VAN NESS.
ALE OF VALUABLE PROPERTY.-By vir-
tue of a deed of trust recorded in liber W. B. No. 60, fo..
lies 216, 217, 218, 219, of the land records for Washington
county, in the District of Columbia, and for the purposes in the
said deed mentioned, I shall, on Thursday, the 4th day of Jan-
uary, 1838, proceed to sell at public auction, to the highest
bidder, one full undivided third part of Lots numbered 1, 2, 7,
8, 9, 12, 13, in square 219, as laid down on the plan of the city
Terms of sale.-One-fourth cash, and the residue at 6, 12,
and 18 months. Promissory notes, with approved endorsers,
to be given for the postponed payments, and to be secured by
a lien on the property. The title is believed to be unquestion-
able. But the Trustee will convey such only as is vested in
Sale to take place at 11 o'clock A. M. at Mr. Dyer's Auction
Room. P. R. FENDALL, Trustee.
nov 18-2awts&ds ED. DYER, Auct.
g-The above sale is postponed by order of the
Trustee, to Saturday, the 20th instant, to take place at 4 o'clock
P. M. at my auction store, as above.
jan 5- 2awts&ds
VALUABLE MUSIC BOOKS.-The Odeon, a col-
lection of secular melodies, arranged and harmonized for
four voices, designed for adult singing schools and social music
The Social Choir, designed as a class book for the domestic
The Boston Academy's collection of Church Music, by L.
Manual of the Boston Academy of Music, for instruction in
the elements of vocal music, on the system of Pestalozzi, by
The Easy Guide to Church Music, chiefly with a view to
psalmody, with an historical introduction, and questions
on the lessons; to which is added a Dictionary of Musical
Terms. By John Turner.
First Steps to thorough Bass, in twelve familiar lessons be-
tween a teacher and pupil.
The Thorough Bass Primet, containing explanations and
examples of the rudiments ofharmony, with fifty exercises. By
J. F. Burrows..
Juvenile Harmony, containing appropriate hymns and music
for Sabbath School anniversaries, and family devotion.
For sale at No. 5, Varnum's row, between 9th and 10th sts.
Pennsylvania Avenue. R. FARNHAM.
KANT'S METAPHYSICS OF ETHICS, in
one volume, translated from the German, is just publish-
ed and for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also, Tenneman's Manual of the History of Philosophy.
Sir James Mackintosh's History of the Progress of Ethical
Introduction to the History of Philosophy, translated from
y I I ophy I-- y-
THURSDAY, JANUARY 4, 1838.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
REPORTS OF COMMITTEES.
Mr. CLARK, from the Committee of Claims, reported
against the case of George C. Turner.
Mr. CUSHMAN, from the Committee on Commerce,
reported a bill for the relief of John H. Pease, and against
the petition of Philip I. Fontaine.
Mr. WORTHINGTON, from the same committee,
reported a bill for the relief of Gilbert A. Smith and others,
and of Frederick Fry & Co.
Mr. CURTIS, from the same committee, reported against
the petition of Stephen Wolverton.
Mr. CASEY, from the Committee on Public Lands,
reported bills for the establishment of Peoria Land Dis-
trict, in Illinois; for two additional land offices in Wiscon-
sin Territory, west of Mississippi river ; and to create the
office of surveyor of public lands in the Wisconsin Terri-
Mr. CHAPMAN, from the same committee, reported a
bill to allow such purchasers of public lands in the years
1818 and 1819, as omitted to take the credit allowed by law,
the same relief which was extended to those who availed
themselves of the credit system.
Mr. LINCOLN, from the same committee, reported a
bill for the relief of the heirs of John Braham, late receiver
of public lands at Huntsville, Alabama.
Mr. SHIELDS, from the same committee, reported a
bill for the relief of James Middleton Tuttle, of Arkansas.
By Mr. BOULDIN, from the Committee for the Dis-
trict of Columbia: A bill relating to the Orphans' Court
of the county of Alexandria, in the District of Colymbia,
and against the petition of the president of the Union Bank
of Georgetown, fior restitution for money lest by the rob-
bery of the post office at Baltimore, and Benjamin Duvall
Bills from the Committee on Revolutionary Claims-
By Mr. MUHLENBERG: Bills for the relief of the
heirs of Presby Thornton; and of the heirs of Garland
Barnley; and against the petition of Elizabeth Anderson.
By Mr. CRAIG: Bills for the relief of the representa-
tives of James Burton, Thomas Crook, Wm. Vause, and
Capt. Tarpley White.
By Mr. TALIAFERRO: Bills for the relief of Tho-
mas E. Sudler and others; Thornton Taylor, and Nancy
Haggard; and against the petition of Reuben Waggoner.
By Mr. A. H. SHEPPERD: Bills for the relief of
the legal representatives of Francis Eppes and William E.
Bills from the Committee on Private Land Claims-
By Mr. HARLAN: Bills for the relief of John Dixon
and Thomas Todd, and against the petition of Gilbert Bo-
By Mr. LEADBETTER: Bills for the relief of Polly
Lemon, Wm. Bigham, and Aaron Stout.
By Mr. LOOMIS: Bills for the relief of James Cooper,
John Bovey, Wm. Clark, and Zebulon Baxter.
By Mr. LAWLER: A bill for the relief of William C.
By Mr. KEMBLE: A bill for the relief of John H.
By Mr. REED: A bill to authorize the Secretary of
the Navy to purchase a tract of land belonging to the heirs
of John Harris, deceased.
Bills from the Committee on Naval Affairs-
By Mr. GRANTLAND: A bill for the relief of Dud-
By Mr. MILLIGAN: A bill for the relief of Samuel
Mr. HOWARD, from the Committee on Foreign Af-
fairs, reported against the petition of John Seranton.
Mr. HOWARD offered the following resolution, which
lies over one day :
Resolved, That the President of the United States be
requested to communicate to this House, as far as the same
may be consistent with the public interest, all the informa-
tion in either of the Departments respecting the capture,
by the United States. sloop of war Natchez, of the Mexi-
can vessel of war the General Urrea, iand its subsequent
restoration by the United States to the Mexican Govern-
The SPEAKER remarked that this resolution would
lie over one day, under the rule.
Mr. HOWARD feared that, if it were to lie over one
day, it would not come up again for twenty days. He mov-
ed that it.be considered at the present time.
Mr. ADAMS suggesting that the resolution would pro-
bably give rise to debate, it was left to the operation of the
By Mr. DROMGOOLE, from the Committee on For-
eign Affairs: Bills for the relief of Benjamin Hewitt ; of
Benjamin Hodges; of Cornelius Manning.
By Mr. GUSHING: A bill for the relief of Wm. Tu-
Bills from the Committee on Revolutionary Pensions-
By Mr. FRY: Granting a pension to Richard Elliott;
to Seth Whitney; to Benj. Price; to Wm. Harper; and
to Presley Gray.
By Mr. MORGAN: For the relief of John McCor..
By Mr. JOHNSON, of Virginia: For the reliefofJas.
By Mr. EWI-NG : For the relief of Ann Bloomfield; of
Wm. Smith; of Primus Hall, alias Trask; and of Cath-
By Mr. WILLIAMS, of Kentucky, from the Commit-
tee on Invalid Pensions: Bills for the relief of James Mc-
Farland, James Flemming, Sandy Walker, and against
the case of E. Jones.
On motion of Mr. WILLIAMS, of Kentucky,
Resolved, That the Committee on Invalid Pensions be
discharged from the further consideration of the petition
and papers in the case of Joshua Bill, and that the same be
referred to the Secretary of War.
By Mr. McCLELLAN: Bills granting a pension to
Richard Hall and John R. Midwinter.
By.Mr. ALLEN, of Ohio: For the relief of Myra
Chapman, and against the petition of Jacob M. Follansbee.
On motion of Mr. JOHNSON, of Virginia,
Resolved, That the Clerk of this House pay to Ja-
cob C. Noyes $250 out of the contingent fund of this
House, for three Treasury notes which were accidentally
Mr. CHAMBERS, from the Committee of Claims, re-
ported against the petition of Thos. Buford.
Mr. TALIAFERRO, from a select committee: A bill
authorizing a subscription to a stereotype edition of the
laws of the United States.
BILLS FROM THE SENATE, &c.
Several bills, from the Senate, were taken from the
Speaker's table, put upon their first and second readings,
and appropriately referred.
REFERENCE OF THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
Upon motion of Mr. HAYNES, the House again re-
solved itself into Committee of theWhole, (Mr. ADAMS in
the chair,) upon the reference of the Message.
The third resolution of Mr. HAYNES proposing to refer
the financial part of the Message to the Committee of
Ways and Means, with the amendment proposed by Mr.
CUSHING, of Massachusetts, bein gender consideration,
Mr. POTTER, of Pennsylva^ spoke at length in fa-
vor of the proposed reference, a61 in reply to the gentle-
men who had opposed it. He went at large into a discus-
sion, of a strongly party character, in which he reflected
upon the course of the Opposition to the present Adminis.
tration, and took a general view of the different party rela-
tions in the country, at the present moment.
Mr. MURRAY, of Kentucky, observed that it was
now growing late, and most of the seats in the House were
vacated. He moved, therefore, that the committee rise.
Which motion prevailed, and the House adjourned.
Among other petitions presented on Wednesday last were
the following, viz.
By Mr. EVANS : The remonstrance of a large number of citi-
zens of Hallowell; also, of 81 women of Montville, Maine, against
the admission of Texas into the Union ; also, the petitions of 164
citizens of Winthrop, of 61 citizens of Bridgton, of 90 women
of Winthrop, of 85 women of Bridgton, of 81 women of Mont-
ville, all in the State of Maine, for the suppression of slavery
and the slave-trade in the District of Columbia; which, under
the resolution heretofore adopted, were laid on.the table.
By Mr. NOYES: Petitions of 95 inhabitants of Bucksport,
and 127 inhabitants of Mount Desert, Maine, to abolish slavery
and the slave trade in the Territories.
Of 106 inhabitants of Bucksport, and 127 inhabitants of
Mnint Decart. Maine. asrainst admission of any new State into
borough, Massachusetts, praying for the immediate abolition of
slavery and the slave trade in the District of Columbia.
Also, the remonstrance of 140 inhabitants of Foxborough,
Massachusetts, against the annexation of Texas to this Union.
And the remonstrance of 48 citizens of Needham, Massachu-
setts, against the annexation of Texas. All which were laid
upon the table.
By Mr. REED, of Massachusetts, the following memorials:
Of 657 citizens of New Bedford, Massachusetts, against the
annexation of Texas.
Of William Mayhew and 58 legal voters of Chilinark, Mas-
Of William R. Eastman and 108 others, inhabitants of Nai-
Of John Rich and 81 legal voters of Provincetown, Massa-
chusetts; against the admission of Texas.
Remonstrance of Sarah Ann Ely and 76 others, against the
annexation of Texas.
Of Solomon Rich and 39 voters, for the abolition of slavery
and the slave trade in the District of Columbia.
Of W. R. Eastman and 109 others, of Nantucket, against
slavery and the slave-trade in the District of Columbia.
Of 0. C. Gardiner and 93 others, against the same.
Of W. R. Eastman and 110 others, against the same.
Of W. R. Eastman and 107 others, against the same.
Of 54 persons of Nantucket, against the same.
Of Rebecca Chipman and 99 others, women, of North Den-
nis, for abolition of slavery and the slave-trade in the District
Of Sarah Ann Ely and 73 others, of Falmouth, for the aboli-
tion of slavery and the slave-trade in the District of Columbia.
By Mr. PARMENTER: The petition of Abigail G. Greene
and 69 others, women, of Stoneham ;
Of Mary P. F. Browere and 73 others, women, of Shirley;
Of Relief W. Crafts and 69 others, women, of Newton ;
Of Eliza W. Harding and 91 others, women, of Waltlham;
Of SArah Osgood and 230 others, women, of Westford ;
Of Catharine Moore and 208 others, women, of Hopkinton;
Of Harriet C. Kenrick and 47 others, women, of Newton ;
Of Eliza H. Byam and 159 others, women, of Chelmsford;
Of Saial C. Rugg and 199 others, women, of Groton;
Of Sally Dunn and 65 others, women, of Dunstable;
Of Mary S. P. Hayward and 114 others, women, of Ashley;
Of Harriet N. Hartwell and IS others, women, of Pepperell;
Of Sally Fletcher and 54 others, women, of Carlisle;
Of Rabannah Parker and 38 others, women, of Newton;
Of Eliza Philbrick and 89 others, women, of Brookline ;
Of Sarah P. Carter and 111 others, women, of Charlestown;
Of M. Dana and 61 others, women, of Watertown;
Of Harriet S. Gridley and 1,400 others, women, of Lowell;
Of Melania A. Parker and 415 others, women, of Middlesex
All the above in Massachusetts, and for the abolition of slavery
in the District of Columbia.
Also, the petition of Harriet N. Hartwell and 18 others, wo-
men, of Chelmsford, and Mary Brown and 158 others, women,
of Chelmsford, against the annexation of Texas to the Ameri-
By Mr. BORDEN: The petition of Ephraim Bromer, of Fall
River, Massachusetts, asking a bounty for Revolutionary servi-
ces, which he claims to have been entitled to, hut never re-
Mr. LINCOLN, of Massachusetts, presented the petitions of
Chirssa Pachard and 164 other women, of Spencer.
Of Ruth Stebbins and 107 women of South Wilbraham.
Of Betsey E. Jones and 318 women of Ashburnham.
Of Lucy Earle and 117 women of Leicester.
Of Ruth F. Trask and 39 women of Warren.
Of Anna E. Colton and 128 women of Worcester.
Of Betsey Wright and 54 women of Hinsdale.
Of Ruth Kent and 89 women of Southwick.
Of Betsey Hale and 61 women of West Springfield.
Of Sarah Hubbard and 277 women of Royalston.
Of Mary Pierce and 175 women of Lunenburg.
Of Betsy Newton and 88 women of Worcester.
Of Elibeth Ward and 131 women of Shrewsbury.
Of Harriet S. Sanford and 197 women of Boylston.
Of Mary W. Godding and 226 women of Winchendon.
Of Rebecca M. Fainsworth and 116 women of Paxton.
Of Anstis K. Miles and 93 women of Shrewsbury.
Of Sarah Slaytor and 41 women of East Brookfield.
Of Catharine Swan and 115 women of Hubbardston.
Of Ann Batchellor and 169 women of North Brookfield.
Of Susan B. Everett and 254 women of Princeton.
Mr. LINCOLN stated that the aggregate number of the sub-
scribers to these twenty-one petitions was two thousand nine
hundred and eighty, inhabitants of Massachusetts, and most of
them of the district which he had the honor to represent, who
united in the prayer that Congress would immediately abolish
slavery and the slave trade in the District of Columbia. The
petitions were ordered to lie on the table, under the resolution
of the House.
Mr. LINCOLN also moved the reference from the files of
the last Congress, of the petition of Thomas Houghton and
others, children and heirs of Joseph Houghton, a Revolutionary
soldier, praying compensation for the unrequited services of
their ancestor in the war of the Revolution, to the Committee on
Revolutionary Claims, which was ordered accordingly.
Mr. L. also presented the memnorials of Timothy Bur-
nap and 282 others, citizens of Sutton, Massachusetts; and of
Nath. Godard and 325 others, citizens of Millbury, Massachu-
setts, against the influx of foreign emigration, and praying Con-
gress to inquire into the character of this emigration, and its ten-
dency to affect the administration of the laws and impair the
security of the free institutions of the country.
Mr. LINCOLN stated that it was his intention'at the earliest
moment of opportunity to offer a resolution to the consideration
of the House on this subject, and in the mean time he would
move that the petitions lie on the table and be printed.
Mr. L. also presented the memorial of an association of citi-
zens, residing near the Navy Yard, in the city of Washington,
asking an appropriation for the purchase of an engine, hose, and
other apparatus; and, also, an engine-house, to be located in
that part of the city; which, on his motion, was referred to the
Committee on the Public Buildings.
Mr. BRIGGS, of Mass., presented the petition of Jane Ann
M. Davison and 30 other women of Otis, Mass., for the abolition
of slavery in the District of Columbia.
Of Olivia Chamberlin and 151 other women of Dalton, for
Of Lucy B. Peny and 132 other women of Stockburg, for
Of Priscilla H. Kimball and 140 other women of West Brad-
ford, same object.
Of Lydia French and 97 other women of West Stockbridge,
Of Mary Cooper and 119 other women of Peru, same object.
Of Lydia French and 119 other women of West Stockbridge,
against the annexation of Texas to the United States.
Of Lucy B. Peny and 135 other women of WestStockbridge,
By Mr. TILLINGHAST: The following petitions and me-
Of Phebe Feck, of Smithfield, Rhode Island, widow of Geo.
Peck, a soldier of the Revolution, praying for a pension under
the act of July 4, 1836; which, on motion of Mr. T., was re-
ferred to the Committee on Revolutionary Pensions.
Of Christopher Comstock and others, 97 in number, nearly
all freeholders, citizens of South Kingston, in Rhode Island,
against the annexation of Texas, which Mr. T. moved to have
referred to a select committee ; but, on motion of Mr. HAYNES,
it was laid on the table.
Of Thos.R.Wells dnd others, 87 in number, citizens of South
Kingstown, Rhode Island, mostly freeholders, praying that no
new State may be admitted whose Constitution tolerates domes-
tic slavery; of which Mr. T. moved a reference to aselectcom-
mittee. Laid on the table.
Of Christopher Comstock and others, 81 in number, citizens
and mostly freeholders of South Kingstown, Rhode Island, pray-
ing for the abolition of slavery and the slave trade in the Dis-'
trict of Columbia; of which Mr. T. moved a reference to the
Committee for the District of Columbia. Laid on the table, un-
der the general order of the House.
Of Emeline D. Sheerman and other females, 62 in number,
of South Kingstown, Rhode Island, praying for the abolition of
slavery in the District of Columbia; of which Mr. T. moved a
reference to the Committee for the District of Columbia. Laid
on the table.
Of Thomas R. Wells and others, 80 in number, mostly free-
holders, of SouthlrKingstown, Rhode Island, praying Congress so
to regulate the commerce in slaves among the several States as
entirely to prohibit the domestic slave trade ; of which Mr. T.
moved a reference to the Committee on Commerce. Laid on
Of Christopher Comstock and others, 79 in all, mostly free-
holders, of South Kingstown, Rhode Island, praying for the abo-
lition of slavery and the slave trade in those Territories of the
United States where they exist; of which Mr. T. moved a-re-
ference to the Committee on the Territories. Laid on the
Of Mary R. Watson and others, 55 females of South King-
stown, Rhode Island, against the annexation of Texas; of which
Mr. T. moved a reference to a select committee. Laid on the
Of Marietta Clark and others, of Coventry, Rhode Island,
135 females and 66 males, praying for the abolition of slavery
in the District of Columbia.
Of Lucy A. Hutchins and others, of North Providence, R. I.,
praying for the same.
Of William Brown and others, of Foster and Gloucester, R.
I., praying for the same; of which three last named petitions
Mr. T. moved a reference to the Committee for the District of
Columbia. Laid on the table.
Of Perez Peck and others, of Coventry, Rhode Island, 77
males and 136 females, against the annexation of Texas.
Of Marietta Clark and others, 132 females and 66 males, of
CovpnrvnM Rli> i tU nn rn r.l.-- fli n1 hid.L .lt:n ,( 1, n t 1-. rV
"Of Martha Steere and others, ofGloucester, R. I., 41 females,
praying for the same ; which two petitions Mr. T. moved to re-
fer to the Committee for the District. Laid on the table.
Of Elizabeth S. Wolcott and others, of Cumberland, R. I.,
45 females, against the annexation of Texas; which Mr. T.
moved to refer to a select committee. Laid on the table.
By Mr. MITCHELL, of New York: The following memo-
Of 421 females residing in the town of Lockport, praying
Congress to abolish slavery and the slave trade in the District
Of 27 citizens residing in the town of Newfane, praying for
the same object. And, also,
Of 43 inhabitants of the town of Hertland; both in the State
of New York.
Of 46 inhabitants of the county of Niagara, State of New York,
and of Elizabeth Aldrich and others, of the town of Hertland,
against the annexation of Texas to the Union.
Of 88 citizens of Lockport, praying Congress to charter a
United States Bank.
Of 88 inhabitants of Niagara county, in. favor of-constructing
a ship canal around the Falls of Niagara.
By Mr. DARLINGTON : The memorial of William Bishop
and 35 others; the memorial of Richard T. Worrall and 33
others; and the memorial of J. C. H. Morton and 108 others,
all citizens of Delaware county, Pennsylvania, remonstrating
against the annexation of Texas to this Union.
By Mr. CURTIS, of New York : The memorial ofThaddeus
Phelps & Co. and others, holders of Neapolitan indemnity
sto k certificates, proposing a transfer of the same to the Unit-
ed States, either for cash or in exchange for public stock of the
By Mr. CURTIS, of New York : The petition of John Har-
ris and others, concerned in the navigation of Long Island
sound, praying that buoys may be placed, as beacons, at the
mounh'ofMilford harbor, Connecticut.
By Mr. CHILDS: The memorial of James Sperry and 80
other persons, inhabitants of the town of Henrietta, State of
New York, asking for the abolition of slavery and the slave
trade in the District of Columbia and the Territories of the Unit-
By Mr. GRANT, of New York: The petition of William
Dolloway, and 186 other citizens of the State of New York,
inhabiting the northern boundary of the United States, praying
for the construction of a ship and steamboat canal around the
Falls of Niagara.
Also, the petition of 31 legal voters of the county of Oswego,
in the State of New York, asking for the immediate abolition
of slavery and the slave trade in those Territories of the United
States where they now exist.
Also, the petition of 31 legal voters of the county of Oswego,
in the State of New York, praying the abolition of slavery and
the slave trade in the District of Columbia.
Also, the petition of 22 legal voters of the county of Oswego,
in the State of New York, praying Congress to reject all pro-
posals for the annexation of Texas to this Union.
Also, the petition of 30 legal voters of the county of Oswego,
in the State of New York, praying Congress not to admit any
new State into this Union whose Constitution tolerates domestic
Also, the petition of Lovewell Johnson, jr. and 75 other legal
voters of the town of Palermo, in Oswego county, in the State
of New York, and of Lucretia Powers and 83 women of the
same place, praying the immediate abolition of slavery and the
slave trade in those Territories of the United States where they
Also, the petition of Lewis Johnson and 80 legal voters, and
of Hannah Mason and 86 women of the same town, against the
admission into this Union of any new State whose Constitution
tolerates domestic slavery.
Also, the petition of William K. Burt and 75 other legal vo-
ters, and.of Amy Keith and 85 women of the same place, for the
immediate abolition of slavery and the slave trade in the Dis-
trict of Columbia.
Also, the petition of John Pettis and 73 other legal voters,
and ofBetsey A. Raymond and 79 women of the same place,
praying Congress so to regulate the commerce in slaves among
the several States that it may be immediately abolished.
Also, the petition of Amos Hungerford and 23 other inhabi-
tants of the same town, and of Laura Denton and 22 women of
the same place, for the immediate abolition of slavery and the
slave trade in those Territories of the United States where they
Also, the petition of George R. Jackson and 24 other inhabi-
tants, and of Maria Burdick and 20 women of the same town,
for the immediate abolition of slavery and the slave trade in the
District of Columbia.
Also, the petition of L. Blackman and 28 inhabitants, and of
Persey Aye:- and 21 women, all of the same town, against the
admission into this Union of any new State whose Constitution
tolerates domestic slavery.
Also, the petition of Joseph Kellogg and 22 inhabitants, and
of Elmira Jackson and 22 women of the same town, pray ing
Congress so to regulate the commerce in slaves among the se-
veral States that it may be prohibited.
Also, the petition of Nelson Burdick and 27 others, and of
Eliza L. Douglass of the same town, against the admission
into this Union of any new State whose Constitution tolerates do-
Also, the petition of A. C. Lord and 27 others, and of Matilda
G. Seymour and 27 women of the same place, for the abolition of
slavery and the slave trade in those Territories of the United
States where they exist.
Also, the petition of A. C. Lord and 27 others, and of Matilda
G. Seymour and 23 women of the same town, for the immedi-
ate abolition of slavery and the slave trade in the District of
Also, the petition of S. Blake, jr. and 28 others, and of
Eunice Leavitt and 28 women of tIhe same place, praying Con-
gress so to regulate the commerce in slaves among the several
States that it may he immediately prohibited.
By Mr. E. DAVIES: The petitions of Ann Hoopes, and fifty-
five others, women of Lampeter, Pennsylvania, praying for
the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, and the
Territories of the United States.
Also, the petition of Hannah Gibbons and 28 others, women
of Leacock, Pennsylvania, of a similar tenor.
Also, the petition of Joseph Brinton and 51 others, praying
for the abolition of slavery in tIhe District of Columbia.
Also, the petition of 60 citizens of Beaver county, Pennsylva-
nia, praying for the establishment of a national armory at Big
Beaver river falls.
Also, the petition of Daniel Keefer, a soldier of the Revolu-
tion, for a pension.
By Mr. HENRY : The petition of 106 members of the Con-
vention for amending the Constitution of Pennsylvania, praying
that a national armory may be established in Western Pennsyl-
vania, at the falls of Beaver river, if water power is employed;
if steam power is employed, at Pittsburgh. Referred to the
Committee on Military Affairs.
Also, one on the same subject by 132 citizens of the town of
Beaver and vicinity. Referred to same committee.
Also, a petition of 73 citizens of Beaver county, on the same
subject. Referred to same committee, and that it be printed.
By Mr. TOLAND : Petition of 114 citizens of Beaver coun-
ty, on the same subject. Referred to same committee.
By Mr. M. MORRIS: Eleven petitions, one signed by 45
persons, against the admission of any new State into the Union
that tolerates slavery. Two petitions signed, the one by 23,
and the other by 51 women, for the abolition of slavery in the
District of Columbia; and one other petition, signed by 39 per-
sons, for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia.
Also, two petitions, one signed by 52, and the other by 57 wo-
men, against the annexation of Texas; and five other petitions
against the annexation of Texas to the United States, one signed
by 9, another by 15, another by 36, another by 44, and another
by 73 persons, all of the county of Bucks, Pennsylvania.
By Mr. OGLE: Of Alexander Graydon and 67 others, citi-
zens of Dauphin county, Pennsylvania, to abolish slavery in the
District of Columbia.
Of James Wrightand 30 others, of like import.
Of Abner Rutherford and 19 others, of like import.
Of James Todd and 31 others, of like import.
Of William Root and 130 others, to reject all proposals for
the annexation of Texas to the Union.
Of Robert Benlin and 34 others, of similar import.
Of P. C. Sedgwick and 15 others, of similar import.
Of Herman Alriehes and 69 others, of similar import.
Of John P. Rochufeller and 87 others, citizens of Westmore-
land county, Pennsylvania, of similar import.
Of David S. Cheny and 41 others, citizens of Fayette and
Westmoreland counties, Pennsylvania, of similar import.
Of Martha Jane Hunt and 53 other ladies, to abolish slavery
and the slave trade in the District of Columbia and Territories
of the United States.
Of Elizabeth Linn and 40 others, of similar import.
Of C. Paynter and 31 others, of like import.
By Mr. NAYLOR: The following petitions, to wit: One from
the starch manufacturers of Philadelphia, praying for the impo-
sition of a duty upon starch. Referred to the Committee on
Also, from the citizens of the county of Philadelphia against
the annexation of Texas to the Union, to wit: The petition of
John Hopper, and 48 others.'
Of Robert Hunter, and 150 others.
Of John Daly, and 50 others.
Of Marg aret Hading, and 52 others.
Of Thomas B. Watson, and 63 others.
Of James Culim, and 39 others.
Of Thomas Love, and 35 others.
Of John Griffin, and 39 others.
Of Peter V. Creathers, and 41 others.
Of W. B. Geyer, and 34 others.
Of Charles Boyd, and 32 others.
All of which he moved be referred to a select committee;
which motion was, by resolution, laid upon the table.
SMr. PRY, of Pennsylvania, presented the petition of 22 ladies
of Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, against the annexation
of Texas to this Union.
Also, the petition of the same 22 ladies, praying the abolition
of slavery and the slave trade in the District of Columbia.
Also, the petition of the same 22 ladies, and one other, for
the same purpose.
Also, the petition of the same 22 ladies, and six other,, pray-
ing an entire prohibition of the slave trade.
Also, the petition of the same 22 ladies, and eight others,
praying Congress to admit no new State into this Union that
Also, the petition of 87 other ladies of Montgomery county,
Pennsylvania, earnestly praying Congress immediately to abol-
ish slavery in the District of Columbia, and in the Territories of
the United States.
Also, the petition of the heirs of General Stephen Moylan,
Mr. NAYLOR presented a petition from John Ely, of Phila-
delphia, a Revolutionary soldier, praying for the erection of a
monument to his old commander, the immortal WASHINGTON.
Mr. NAYLOR said that this was an object near and dear to the
affections of the petitioner, and of great importance to the Na-
tion. The petitioner has eloquently set forth his views upon
the subject in this memorial ; and out of respect to him, as well
on account of the interest of the subject, he would move to re-
fer it to the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds. It
was so referred.
The following were presented by Mr. GOODE, on Fri-
day last :
A memorial of inhabitants of Putnam county, in the State
of Ohio, remonstrating against the annexation of Texas.
A petition of inhabitants of Perrysburgh, Ohio, for pre-emp-
tion to lots in said town ; presented heretofore, March 5, 1834.
Petitions of inhabitants of Lucas county, in the State of
Ohio, for an appropriation for the improvement of the navigation
at the foot of the rapids in Maumee river.
Like memorials of inhabitants of Ohio ; heretofore present-
ed, January 16, 1837.
A petition of inhabitants of the Northwestern section of Ohio,
praying a sale of canal lands, in said State.
The petition of George Moffett, presented Dec. 12, 1832.
The following is a corrected copy of the resolution pre-
sented on Tuesday last, by Mr. JOHNSON, of Louisiana:
Resolved, That the Committee on Roads and Canals be in-
structed to inquire into the expediency of making an appropria-
tion to defray the expenses of draining Lake Fields, and Bayou
I'Eaubleue, near the riverLa Fourche, in the State of Louisiana.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, JAN. 4,1838.
Messrs. GALES & SEATON: The reporter for the Intelli-
gencer (not intentionally, no doubt) has reported very in-
accurately the few remarks I made a few days since upon
Mr. WISE'S resolution ; one, particularly, that demands a
correction. I am made to say, in reply to Mr. UNDERWOOD,
of Kentucky, that "he (Mr. YELL) withdrew all charges
against the Administration of Mr. Adams,
the House some trouble, I would withdraw the PROPOSI-
TION to go into the investigation of the alleged corruptions
of the Administration of Mr. Adams, &c.; but invited an
investigation of that of Gen. Jackson. It was then that
Mr. UNDERWOOD said no, no; if one, investigate all,"
&c. Yours, A. YELL.
FRIDAY, JANUARY 5, 1838.
Were engaged again nearly the whole of yes-
terday's sitting on discussing Mr. CALHOUN'S
Resolutions, and various amendments, offered
to the third of them, without, however, any
final action on them. The two first had been
agreed to, by large majorities, on the preceding
day. The debates and votes will be given as
AFFAIRS IN FLORIDA.
We have no further news from FLORIDA, and
have no reason to look with very pleasing an-
ticipations to the next that is likely to reach us.
The Deputation of CHEROKEES, who lately,
with the full concurrence of the War Depart-
ment, undertook to act as Mediators between
the Seminole and Mickasuky Indians, and the
U. States, have rejoined the Deputation of Che-
rokees now in this city. They had penetrated
the interior of Florida, and succeeded in obtain-
ing a conference with the hostiles on friendly
terms, and in delivering a talk prepared in this
city by JOHN Ross, with the approbation of the
Secretary of War. The principal chief (MICA-
NOPY) and twelve other chiefs, and a number of
warriors, accompanied the Cherokees into Head-
Quarters at Fort Mellon. But, whilst hopes
were entertained that the rest of the Chiefs
would come in, and some were actually in mo-
tion for the purpose, circumstances occurred to
produce a sudden change in the minds of those
who were still in the hammocks and swamps,
and they broke off from the negotiation.
Those Chiefs who had come in under the
Cherokee flag of truce were made prisoners
of war, and forthwith sent off to Fort Augus-
tine, and imprisoned there; and Gen. JESUP
put his forces, regular as well as volunteer, un-
der march into the fastnesses. Since when, no
news has been received from the Army. Under
such circumstances, we repeat, we have little
hope of receiving any information from Flo-
rida of a nature to give unalloyed satisfaction.
There are some further rumors as to the
treatment of Micanopy and the other Chiefs
who came in with the Cherokees desiring to
effect a peace. It is said they have been threat-
ened with death in the event of any blood of the
whites being spilt by those Indians who still
hold out. This can hardly be true. Be it as it
may, however, it is understood that the Chero-
kees here have protested against the violation of
the flag of truce under which their deputation
brought in Micanopy and the other Chiefs, and
entreated that they may be set at liberty, and
allowed the opportunity of conferring with their
WILLIAM D, MERRICK, Of Charles county,
has been elected a Senator of the United States
from the State of MARYLAND, to succeed JOSEPH
KENT, deceased. He received 63 votes, (all
Whigs,) and thirty-three blank votes were cast by
the opposition members.
The Members of the Executive Council for
the next year were chosen on Tuesday, and are
as follows: THOMAS G. PRATT, BENEDICT J.
HEARD, WM. F. JOHNSON, JOHN McKENNEY,
and THOMAS H. HICKs.
LITTELL'S MUSEUMI.-We are gratified to per-
ceive that Mr. E. Littell, of' Philadelphia, has
1 I I ,* /- 1 1 1 T -
[REPORTED' FOR THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER]
NATIONAL THEATRE.-This establishment was opened
last Monday night, agreeably to announcement. The
house, on that occasion, was crowded with one of the
most brilliant, fashionable and enlightened audiences we
have ever witnessed within its walls. The performance of
Cato, by that most admirable tragedian, VANDENHOFF, was
indeed a dramatic effort of the highest order, realizing, to
their utmost extent, those favorable expectations, which we
had been led to indulge, of his exalted talents and extra-
ordinary merit. We consider VANDENHOFF as an intel-
lectual actor of the highest order; and we do not wonder,
having seen his Cato, that he has been pronounced, by the
most enlightened critics, to be the only tragedian who has
successfully represented Addison's great character, since
the days of JOHN PHILIP KEMBLE. It is now upwards of
thirty years since the writer of this article had the pleasure
of witnessing Mr. Kemble's performance of Cato, yet the
impression is fresh upon his mind, of the transcendent
powers of that great tragedian, and of the immense ap-
plause which followed his peculiar, effective, and inimitable
style of reciting the soliloquy, and some other fine passages
in the play. The performance of Cato by Mr. VANDEN-
HOFF is, strictly speaking, an intellectual representation,
giving full effect to all the noble and sublime sentiments of
its classical author. The beholder cannot refrain from ad-
miration; and he cannot fail to feel the full force of those
imperishable lines, which will be found in Pope's much
admired and often quoted prologue :
Virtue confess'd in human shape he draws,
What Plato thought, and god-like Cato was :
'N No common object to your sight displays,
But what with pleasure Heav'n itself surveys :
A brave man struggling in the storms of fate,
And greatly falling with a falling state !
While Cato gives his little Senate laws,
What bosom beats not in his country's cause ?
Who sees him act, but envies every deed ?
Who hears him groan, and does not wish to bleed?"
Of Mr. Vandenhoff's Coriolanus, too, we must be per-
mitted to say, that it appears, to our humble judgment, as
not less meritorious, considered as a whole, than his per-
formance of Cato. We. never witnessed finer acting than
that of,Vandenhoff in the last act of Coriolanus. With
these impressions of Mr. Vandenhoff's Coriolanus, we
were gratified to hear its repetition announced from the
stage; and we do hope that the opportunity will not be
lost by any admirer of the legitimate drama or its talented
representative, to witness one of the most skilful and ex-
traordinary performances of the present day.
We regret to say that Mr. Vandenhoff was very feebly
supported by some of the other performers in Cato and
Coriolanus. When the latter play is repeated, we hope to
find those performers who were so grossly deficient in their
parts able to give them without the aid of Mr. Vandenhoff
or the prompter. And we hope, too, that the prompter
will always remain at his post, ready, when needed, (alas,
how often !) to assist the tripping memory of the performers.
Mr. WILLS made his appearance on Wednesday even-
ing, in the humorous character of Nipperkin. lie made
his bow to the audience amidst thunders of applause, which
sufficiently proves that he is an old favorite. We think
that he is considerably improved.
Since the above was written, we learn that Mr. VAN-
DENHOFF plays Coriolanus this evening. Those who have
seen him once in this character, will go again; those who
have not, and who intend to see him at all. should witness
BRUTAL AND UNMANLY OUTRAGE.-On Sunday night, about
nine o'clock, as two highly respectable females were returning
from church to their residence on Twelfth street, they were
attacked, on Pennsylvania Avenue, near Dr. Gunton's, corner
of Ninth street, knocked down, and considerably injured, by
two brutes in the shape of men. A gentleman, who happened
to be passing that way at the time, hearing the females fall on
the pavement, and cry murder," immediately demanded of
the ruffians who they were. He was answered by them that
"the women were mulattoes, and had insulted them." Find-
ing, from the statement of the females, and of some boys who
were present, that they were respectable white women, and
that the attack was altogether without provocation, Mr. WM.
SLACUM, the gentleman referred to, went, with another per-
son, in pursuit of the ruffians. Overtaking them, they made
fight, with a volley of threats. The one who made the assault
on Mr. SLACUM, however, received what he richly merited-a
complete thrashing. Mr. S. was slightly injured by the fellow
biting his thumb. We understand that this business is likely
to undergo proper investigation, as indeed it ought to do, by the
Circuit Court. It is high time to invoke the aid of the legal
tribunals to prevent the repetition of such atrocious conduct as
that which we feel ourselves called upon thus publicly to no-
tice. Mr. SLACUM is entitled to public thanks for his manly
and spirited conduct.
BOARD OF ALDERMEN, MONDAY, JAN. 1, 1838.
The Board met pursuant to adjournment. Present MBssrs.
Goldsborough, (President,) Barclay, Randolph, Harbaugh, Wat-
terston, Coombe, Marshall, and Dove;
A communication was received from the Mayor, nominating
Andrew Rothwell Collector of Taxes, undcr the act of May 12,
1837; William P. Elliot Surveyor, in the place of William
Elliot, deceased; and informing the Boatd of the resignation
of W. B. Randolph, Esq., Police Magistrate of the Second
Ward; which communication was read, and, on motion, order-
ed to lie on the table.
Mr. WATTERSTON, from the Committee of Claims, reported,
without amendment, the bill from the Board of Common Coun-
cil "for the relief of Thomas Ruggles, security of Leonard
Vesey, deceased;" and it was then read the third time, and
Mr. WATTERSTON, from the Committee of Claims, asked to
be discharged from the further consideration of the petition of
Joseph H. Jones; and it was then, on motion, ordered to lie on
And then the Board adjourned.
BOARD OF COMMON COUNCIL, MONDAY, JAN. 1.
All the members present, except Messrs. Maury and Adams.
Mr. HANLY presented the petition of William Easby, praying
to be reimbursed certain taxes erroneously charged( to him;
which was read, and referred to the Committee of Claims.
Mr. EASBY presented the petition of John Hercus, playing
payment of a claim for sinking a well in the First Ward ; which
was referred to the same committee.
Mr. KIRKWOOD presented the petition of Lewis Johnson,
William Fishcer, and John Allen, praying remission of fines;
which was read, and referred to the Committee of Claims.
Mr. GODDARD presented the following memorial of certain
Corporation Magistrates, suggesting that they may be compen-
sated by salaries, in lieu of the fees now allowed by law; which
was read, and referred to the Committee on Police.
The Memorial qf the Acting Police Magistrates of the city
qf Washington to the Board of Common Council.
The undersigned, Acting Police Magistrates of the city of
Washington, having understood that an attempt was made by a
liberal and experienced member of the Board of Aldermen,
several months ago, to effect an alteration in the mode of comn-
pensating the magistrates who are annually elected by your
two honorable boards to administer and execute the laws of the
Corporation, respectfully and briefly submit their views and
wishes in relation to the proposed alteration.
Your memorialists are of opinion that the present mode of
compensating them for their official services, by means -f fees,
is liable to very serious objections, inasmuch as its natural ten-
dency is to render the Acting Police Magistrates dependent
upon the police constables, who, under the present system, can,
if they are so disposed, withhold business from, and thereby in-
jure, any police magistrate to whom they may have conceived an
aversion, or whose manner of discharging his official duty does
not accord with their notions of right and propriety.
Believing that an independent magistracy is one of the great-
est blessings in a free and enlightened community ; and that it
would have a strong tendency to render the Police Magistrates
more useful, respectable, and efficient officers, were the Corpo-
ration to compensate them by salaries instead of fees, your me-
morialists respectfully and earnestly pray that your honorable
board would pass a law in relation to this subject, which, with-
out increasing the expenses of the Corporation, shall place
your memorialists in a most independent and respectable posi-
tion, both towards the police constables and the citizens at large.
Your memorialists feel themselves impelled to declare that it
is by no means their desire to propose, as a substitute for the
fee system, a mode of compensation that would be burdensome
to the funds of the Corporatior. And they wish it may be dis-
tinctly understood, that they are willing to relinquish their lfe s,
and pay them into the Corporation treasury, at such times as
may be deemed expedient, provided they receive salaries in
lieu thereof. Your memorialists would only add, in conclusion,
that, as their object is not mercenary, but based upon honora-
ble principles-having a sincere wish to elevate the character
of the magistracy, and to do justice to their fellow-citizens as
well as themselves, they are willing to receive for their re-
spective services, in the way of salary, a fair and equitable
amuTn iortinn n.ron tltinrh that ra nrtiinnr'nt inn ntnTlrl ho, I nl in
equitable principles, so as either to equalize the business to be
done by the Police Magistrates, or to proportion the salaries
according to the business each one may do,'would be far pre-
ferable to the present system of fees, inasmuch as it would
place the magistrates in a more independent situation, provided
the salary be a respectable one, and might probably save them
from being censured with encouraging litigation for the sake of
fees; and at the same time would humbly submit for the con-
sideration of your honorable body, that in case of an alteration
of the mode of compensating the Police Magistrates, as con-
templated by your memorialists, whether it might not be expe-
dient to reduce the number, as experience has taught that one-
third of the number now in commission would be amply suffi-
cient to do all the Corporation business that is now done.
These few ideas are respectfully submitted.
JANUARY 1, 1838. B. K. MORSELL.
Mr. HANLY, from the Committee on Improvements, to whom
was referred the petition of Nathan Edmondson on the 30th of
October, asked to be discharged from its further consideration.
And from the same committee, to whom was referred the bill
in relation to the East Branch burial-ground, reported the same
without amendment, and it was laid on the table.
And from the Committee of Claims, to whom was referred,
on the 18th ultimo, the petition of C. Gratiot, asked to be dis-
charged from its further consideration. Agreed to.
And the Board adjourned.
Messrs. EDITORS: Will you please give the
following an insertion in the Intelligencer, and
oblige many of your readers.
At a meeting of the Managers of the Female Charity
School, held this morning, it was unanimously Resolved-
1. That the sincere thanks of the Board be returned to
Dr. F. HALL for allowing them, gratuitously, the use of
his spacious Lecture Room for holding their late FAIR.
2. That a vote of thanks be rendered to Maj. WEED,
for his kindness in favoring them with the excellent music
of the MARINE BAND, and thus giving great interest to the
occasion, and much delight to all who were present.
3. That the Board feel under great obligations to the
citizens and many strangers for their very liberal patron-
age, by which the Board are enabled to prosecute their be-'
nevolent designs with new vigor and enlarged usefulness.
4. That the Board offer their heart-felt acknowledg-
ments to the Editors of the various periodicals who pub-
lished notices of their FAIR gratuitously; and also ask of
them the favor to 'make these resolutions public through
their columns. By order of the Board.
WASHINGTON, JAN. 2, 1838.
On Tuesday evening, January 2, by the Rev. Mr. HAM-
ILTON, Mr. HENRY T. VERNON, to Miss JAN-
NETTE McINTOSH, all of this city.
In this city, on Tuesday evening last, by the Reverend
J. HAMLTON, Mr. ISAAC HOLLAND to Mrs. ELI-
ZABETH DISNEY, both formerly of Annapolis, Md.
In this city, yesterday morning, in the twenty-sixth year
of his age, Dr. R. M. BALTZER, passed assistant sur-
geon in the U. S. Navy, of pulmonary consumption,
leaving a mother and family of relatives, and a numerous
circle of attached friends, to lament his premature disso-
lution. Young, respected, and accomplished, not only in
his profession, but in literature and general knowledge,
with the brightest prospects of life, and a happy disposi-
tion, gratefully (if he had been permitted) to enjoy them,
the mysterious will of Providence has seen fit to call him
from them, it is hoped, to still happier enjoyments.
El His friends and acquaintances, and the officers of
the Navy and Army, are respectfully requested to attend
his funeral at 2 o'clock P. M. this day, (Friday,) from the
residence of Mr. WEBB, corner of 11th and G streets west,
near the Catholic church.
On Monday, the 1st inst. at her residence in this city,
Mrs. MARY ANN HUTCHINS, wife of Mr. JorN S.
HUTCHINS, after an illness of three days.
SHIP NEWS-PORT OF ALEXANDRIA.
ARRIVED, JAN. 2.
Packet schooner President, Knox, New York ; to S. Shinn &
Co., and freight for the District.
Schooner Martha, Fredson, Wiscasset;. potatoes to S. Shinn
ARRIVED, JANUARY 3.
Schr Gallago, Saddler, New York; plaster, shingles, and
sundries to Lambert & McKenzie.
SAILED, JAN. 2.
Ship Blexter, Captain Botten, Amsterdam.
SAILED, JANUARY 3.
Schr Firm, Kelly, Garey's Ferry, E. F.
Ship John Marshall, Carey, of this port, at New Orleans 29th
ult. 40 days from Marseilles.
i' An error occurred yesterday in the advertisement of
Professor JOERRlS. Instead of Aldermen's Room, it should
have been in the Vestry of the Baptist Church, on Tenth
street. See advertisement to-day.
Last night but one of Mr. VANDENHOFF,
Who will, in obedience to the general request made for its
repetition, appear in his celebrated and admired character of
THIS EVENING, JANUARY 5,
Will be performed the celebrated Tragedy of
To conclude with the popular Farce of the
On Saturday night Mr. VANDENHOFF'S Benefit, when he
will appear in the character of HAMLET, being positively his
last appearance in Washington this season.
The celebrated Mr. RICE, the far-famed representative of
Negro characters, is engaged, and will appear for the first time
since his highly successful visit to England, on Monday even-
ing next. jan 5
rj HE stated semi-annual meeting of the stockholders of the
National Theatre will be held at the Theatre on Friday
afternoon, January 5, at 4 o'clock. The punctual attendance of
all the stockholders is earnestly requested, as business of the
utmost importance will be laid before the meeting.
P ROFESSOR JOERRIS, from Prussia, proposes
to deliver an introductory lecture on the science of Num-
bers, explanatory of his simplified system of calculation, pre-
paratory to the formation of classes, in the Vestry of the Baptist
Church on Tenth street, on Saturday, 6th instant, at 11 o'clock
A. M. and also on the evening of the same day at 7 o'clock, for
the accommodation of gentlemen of business, who may not be
able to attend in the forenoon.
Astonishing developments relating to the properties of fig-
ures and numbers, a method of changing difficult factors to oth-
ers moei simple and easy, a general comprehensive method of
resolving all problems in all the rules of arithmetic by one sim-
ple and easy rule, are among the many improvements which
will be explained to the Public; improvements made by Pro-
fessor Joerris, and not to be found in the works either of an-
cient or modern authors in the's science. The system of Pro-
fessor Joerris has met with high approbation from many heads
of seminaries in the Atlantic States, and has been adopted in
many academies both by ladies and gentlemen. By his meth-
od of instruction the most difficult things are rendered easy and
intelligible to the smallest capacity
Members of Congress desirous of becoming acquainted with
the improvements of the age, heads of families and schools,
and the ladies especially, are invited to attend his introductory
lecture as above. Admittance free. jan 4
M ISS ASHWOOD respectfully announces to the Ladies
and Strangers of Washington, that she has just received
from New York a hand-ome assortment of Head Drdsses, con-
sisting of evening Hats, Caps, and Turbans.
Also, Black Lace for dresses
Dresses and Cloaks made in the most fashionable style, Penn-
sylvania Avenue, between 10th and llth streets.
N EW V WORKS.- Letters of Lucius M. Piso, from Pal-
myra, to his friend, Marcus Curtius, at Rome.
The Christian Professor, addressed, in a series of Counsels
and Cautions, to the members of Christian churches. By John
A New Tribute to the Memory of J. Brainerd Taylor.
Modern Accomplishment', or the March of Intellect. By
Miss C. Sinclair.
Modern Society, or the March of Intellect, the conclusion of
Modern Accomplishments. By Miss C. Sinclair.
Pretension. By Sarah Stickney, author of Poetry of Life.
Zinzendorff, and other Poems. By Mrs. L. Sigourney.
A Good Life, extracted from the true plan ofa Living Tempt,
or man considered in his proper relation to the ordinary occu-
pations and pursuitsof life. With an introductory Essay. By
Z h.ORSN CORROS3 baNCB,
NEW YORK, .JAN
The cloud has burst in the West, and all is
wild and ominous!
The steamboat Caroline, at Schlosser, on the
American side, filled with visitors whom curiosi-
ty had tempted to visit Navy Island, was at.
tacked in the night of December 29th by 100 to
150 armed men in five boats, who approached
the steamer with muffled oars, unsuspecting any
attack, and all on board asleep, it is said.' The
attacking force gave three cheers for "Victo-
ria," which alarmed the people, when a scuffle
and a fight ensued, the British, however, suc-
ceeding in obtaining complete mastery of the
boat. Twenty-two lives were lost somehow or
other, and as the people on shore rushed to the
rescue, they were fired upon, and one man was
killed, whose body was taken to Buffalo. The
steamboat, after the capture,. was set on fire,
towed into the stream, and the dead and
wounded went over Niagara Falls.
All this has created in western New York,
particularly the frightful end of the scene, a fury
it is almost impossible to restrain. The military
are called out. Buffalo is full of armed men.
The 47th brigade is summoned to meet under
arms in Buffalo.
SATURDAY, 5 P. M.-The Buffalo Advertiser
announces in a postscript, that the British forces
(some of the regular Army, I presume,) were
actually landing on Grand Island.
Sir FRANCIS HEAD, in his message to -the Le-
gislature of Upper Canada, is very severe upon
our People of the West, and says he has des-
patched an agent to Mr. Fox, (the British Min-
ister at Washington,) whose reply he is await-
I need not say to you all.this news has thrown
our city into a fever of excitement.
The Conservative meeting in the Park went
off last night in a mock-heroic-tragic row, crea-
ted by about sixty foreign bullies and "rowdy
boys," who came down the Bowery in a proces-
sion, apparently employed to break up the meet-
ing by violence. They swept down Chatham
street like an avalanche, pushing every body out
of their way. Their first onset was upon aJ
transparency, their next upon the 'table ol the
Conservative Chairman, which they dashed ti
pieces, when the officers of the meeting retreat-
ed to the Rotundo of the City Hall, closing the"
'iron gates. The Locofocos then set up a halloo-'
ing through the gratings, but soon after, finding
an open gate, made their way in, collated some,
of the Vice Presidents, and drowned the
voice of a gentleman who was reading the
resolutions. All sorts of cries and howls were
then set up, but no damage was done, the mob
retreating the moment the lights were put out,
and the officers were dispersed. The subse-
quent scene was so very ludicrous and 'good-
natured that every body was amused. The
effect, however, of this violence of the Loco-
focos will be to give the Whigs the City, be-
yond a doubt, and to add immeasurably to their
strength in the country.
The City is full of rumors from Washington,
in reference to the course of the British
Minister. As you, upon
more of this than I do,
the ground, know
all I need say is,
stocks have been seriously depressed by rumors
of difficulties between him and the Secretary of
Sale This Day.
SOLD WATCHES, Jewelry4 and Cloths.-At
Auction this evening, by Seth Hyatt, opposite
Brown's Hotel.-A splendid assortment of-
Gold and Silver Watches, Pearl, Diamond, Enamel, Cameo,
Finger Rings, various patterns
Gold Guard Chains, Seals and Keys
Eye Glasses, Everpoints, Penknives and Razors
Chessmen, Card Cases
Also, a fine assortmentof black, blue, brown, green and rmix-
ed broadcloths for cloaks, coats, or overcoats; blue, black, drab,
and mixed cassimeres and sattinets, French needle work, col-
lars, sewing silks, patent threaJ, shawls, suspenders, w rk-
boxes, blankets, &c.
Sale positive. At private sale during the day at lowest auction
prices. SETH HYATT,
jan 3-WTh&F. Auctioneer, opposite Brown's Hotel.
ARLING'S PATENT ROTARY PISTOLS.
LEWIS JOHNSON has just received a case of these
superior instruments, which he invites the Public to call and
see. jan 5--3t
SPERM CANDLES, RAISINS, STOVES, AND
GRATES, &c.-On Saturday evening at half past three
o'clock, I shall sell in front of my Auction store,
30 boxes Sperm Candles,
10 boxes best Bunch Raisins,
4 casks Smyrna do.
2 boxes Soap,
4 quarter chests Young Hyson Tea,
1 halfchest Old Hyson do.
Boxes Segars, and other articles in the Grocery line.
Also-Several Coal and Wood Grates and Stoves.
Sale positive, and for cash. E. DYER,
jan 5-2t Auctioneer.
MARYLAND POCKET ANNUAL for 1838,
containing an almanac, eclipses, moveable feasts, &c.
officers of the State, officers of the several counties of the S'ate,
United States officers in Maryland, meetings of the courts,
election returns, members of the Legislature, Executive of the
United States, Congress, dates of the State elections, revenue
of Maryland, State Government expenses, newspapers, &c. in
Maryland, religions in the United States, popular statistics,
heights of principal mountains, census of the United States for
1830-estimated for 1840, population arranged in sections, cen-
sus of Maryland from 1790 to 1820 and '30, &c. The above
work may be had at Stationers' Hall; price only 50 cents.
jan 5 (Met & Adv) W. FISCHER.
Y A. McINTIRE.-Buggy, Wagon, and Hor-
13 ses.-On Saturday morning, 6th inst., at half past 8
o'clock, in front of Lloyd's, 1 shall sell, for cash, 2 light Wag-
ons and Harness, (one of them a handsome Buggy, light and
exceedingly well made.)
Also, a very fine sorrel Mare, well adapted for family use,
and a handsome Bay Horse, fine for saddle or harness.
jan 5-2t Auctioneer.
Y A. McINTIRE.-Furniture, Groceries, &c.
On Saturday morning, 6th inst., at 10 o'clock, in front
of the auction store, I shall sell, without reserve, a lot of Gro-
ceries, 2 barrels of good Holland Gin, and various articles, the
remains of a Grocery and Tavern, with 4,000 real Havana
STO THE PUBLIC.-An erroneous report being in
Circulation that the proprietors of the Great Mail and
Morning Line of Stages had discontinued running on the old
road between Washington and Baltimore, the Public are re-
speetfully informed that the report is unfounded; and, from the
very flattering encouragement they are receiving, the Public
may be assured that there is no disappointment, and that they
are running the Mail and Stages as heretofore.
The stages have all been made comfortable and warm for the
'winter season, and we pledge ourselves that nothing on the part
of the proprietors, agents, or drivers shall be leftundone to make
the traveller comfortable.
Passengers called for and put down in either city without ad-
Running through in less time than five hours.
Morning Stage leaves Washington at 8 o'clock A. M.
Ditto do do Baltimore at 6j o'clock A. M.
Fare through only Two Dollars.
Evening, or Great Mail Line, leaves Baltimore, say 41 to 5
o'clock P. M.
Evening, or Great Mail Line, leaves Washington at 10 o'clock
The Evening Mail Line offers a great convenience for one to
three passengers when in case of emergency; leaving Wash-
i ngton five hours after any other public conveyance, and arriv-
ing in Baltimore nine hours in advance of any other arrival
from Washington to Baltimore.
For seats, please apply at the General Stage Office in Bal-
timore next door to Beltzhoover's Fountain Inn, and proprietors'
office in Washington, opposite Brown's Indian Queen Hotel.
jan 4-eo3t [Glo] Agent.
NOTICE TO TRAVELLERS.
Winter arrangements: The Washing-
ton and Frederick stage has changed
to three times a week. The stage will
leave Washington for Frederick on Mondays, Wednesdays, and
Friday; and leave Frederick, for Washington, Tuesdays,
Thursday, and Saturdays. All seats taken at this office for
Wheeling have a preference over all other passengers.
dec 28-dlw Agent, Washington City.
BALTIMORE & PORT DEPOSIT RAIL-ROAD OFFICE,
BALTIMORE, DECEMBER 28.
THE CARS OF THE PHILADELPHIA,
:WILMINGTON AND BALTIMORE RAIL-
ROAD COMPANIES, will, for the present, continue to
leave the depot in Pratt street daily at 7 o'clock A. M. for Phil-
adelphia and the intermediate places.
The Rail road from Wilmington towards Philadelphia being
completed to the Schuylkill, the passengers will be conveyed
on that road to Philadelphia as soon as the Delaware becomes
impracticable for the steamboat Telegraph, all the arrangements
having been made to that effect. dec 30
% aEZA3=02=f2 iLR
OUISA RAILROAD.-The transportation of passen-
gers on this road commenced regularly on the 22d inst.
The charges are as follows :
Frederick's Hall Depot to Beaverdam $00 75
Ditto to Junction -1 50
Ditto to Richmond 2 75
Ditto to Fredericksburg 3 75
A daily train leaves Richmond for Frederick's Hall at 121
P. M. Frederick's Hall for Richimond and Fredericksburg, at
4 A. M.
Stages will be run regularly between Frederick's Hall and
Charlotteavill by Messrs. Boyd & Edmonds & Stockton & Co.
in connexion with the train. The stage fare will not exceed
$2 75. Passengers preferring so to do will have it in their
power to pay at Richmond and Fredericksburg through to
Distance from Richmond to Frederick's Hall about 46 miles.
Distance from'Frederick's Hall to Charlottesville about 44.
This train connects regularly with the mail line to and from
Fredericksburg and Washington' City. Passengers leaving
Richmond or Fredericksburg at half past 12 o'clock in the day,
arrive at Charlottesville, (with but little night travelling,) by
10 o'clock next morning; and, in return, leaving Charlottes-
ville after the arrival of the stages from Staunton, arrive in
Richmond or Fredericksburg by half past 8 next morning.
CHANGE OF HOUR IN STARTING.
From 7 to 7T o'clock a. m.
CITIZENS' UNION LINE.
BY STEAMBOATS, via NEWCASTLE RAILROAD FOR
On and after Sunday, the 17th instant, the steamboats of this
line will leave Bowly's wharf, lower end of South street, Balti-
knore, every morning at half past seven o'clock, for Philadel-
phia during the remainder of the season.
No expense has been spared to continue the comforts and
safety to passengers by this line. Passage $4.
dec 22-2w T. SHEPPARD, Agent.
WASHINGTON BRANCH RAILROAD TRANSPORTATION DEPOT,
WASHINGTON, DEC. 13, 1837.
T- IS RESPECTFULLY MADE KNOWN,
That merchandise or other commodities received at this
Depot for delivery in this city, or to be forwarded to Baltimore,
or to points on the line of the road, will, hereafter, be subject
to the following regulations, of which those interested will please
take notice :
1st. The freight and charges on all goods consigned to indi-
viduals in this city or its vicinity must be paid before their re-
moval from the depot.
2d. Commodities offered for transportation must be distinctly
marked, and be accompanied by a list, in duplicate, of the num-
ber and description of packages to be forwarded; the name of
the consignee, and of the partyforwarding the same ; otherwise
they cannot be received.
The Company will not be responsible for damage arising from
leakage or breakage; nor will they be responsible for damage
alleged to have been received by any goods or commodities
transported by them, unless the claim shall be made before the
removal of the goods from the depot; further, if goods which
shall have been transported on this road be not received or
taken away by their consignees or owners on the day of their
arrival at the depot, the Company will not be responsible for, or
pay any claims for loss or damage which may be sustained by
such goods; in other words, if goods as above described, be per-
mitted to remain in or on the cars on the railway, or at the de-
pot, one or more nights after their arrival, they will remain so
at the exclusive risk of the owners or consignees.
The hours for receiving and delivering goods will, until fur-
ther notice, be from 9 A. M. till 4 P. M.
By order: SAML. STETTINIUS,
dec 14- Agent.
FOR NORFOLK.-The stea-
mer COLUMBIA, Captain JAMES
MITCHELL, will leave Washington
every Thursday, at 12 o'clock A.
M. arriving in Norfolk in due time for the Charleston steam-
boat, Portsmouth railroad cars, and the Richmond steamboat.
Returning, will leave Norfolk at 3 o'clock P. M. every Sun-
day. Passage and fare $6. (Globe & Alex. Gaz.)
VALUABLE ESTATE FOR SALE AT AUC-
TION.-Under the authority of a decree of the Superior
Court of Law and Chancery of the county of Fairfax, the sub-
scribers will offer for sale at public auction, on Monday, the 15th
day of January next, at the court-house of the said county, a
valuable FARM, lately the property of Mr. Jonathan Butcher,
now occupied by Mr. Hume, situated in the said county, about
six miles from Alexandria, and within nine miles of the city of
Washington, communicating with the former by the Little Ri-
ver Turnpike Road, and with the latter by the turnpike road
leading from the Little River turnpike to the bridge over the
Potomac. The Farm contains about 535 acres, and is well pro-
vided with wood and timber.
There have been recently erected on it a convenient brick
dwelling-house and out-houses.
Few situations offer more advantages for the establishment of
a Dairy Parm, for the supply of the markets of the District, or
are better suited to the usual crops of this part of the country.
At the same time and place, will be offered for sale, at auc-
tion, a two acre lot, well enclosed, on the east side of the road
from Alexandria to the Hunting Creek bridge.
Terms of sale.-Ten per cent. on the amount of the purchase
money to be paid in cash at the time of the sale, to be forfeited
if the purchaser fails to complete the purchase. If the sale be
confirmed by the Court, the residue of the purchase money to
be paid in three equal instalments of six, twelve, and eighteen
months from the day of sale; to be secured by the bonds of the
purchaser, with sufficient securities; the title to the land to be
withheld until the payments shall be made, and the land to be
liable to be re-sold by the decree of the Court if the terms
the sale be not comnliprd with D T nA vr nD
GREAT NORTH AND SOUTH EXPRESS
HALIFAX, WILMINGTON, AND CHARLESTON.
While it avoids the dangers of the Capes, and the fatigues
of 300 miles of staging, it offers to the traveller a route which, for
speed, safety, comfort, and economy, is not equalled.
By this route, passengers who leave Baltimore on Monday
and Friday, via the Chesapeake Bay Boats and Portsmouth
Railroad, or via Washington city, the Fredericksburg, Rich-
mond, and Petersburg Railroad, to Blakely, will reach Halifax
on the evenings of the next days, viz. Tuesday and Saturday.
From Halifax, they will be immediately conveyed, by post
coaches and railroad, to Wilmington, where they will arrive on
Thursday and Monday mornings, (having slept at South Wash-
ington the preceding nights;) thence, after two hours' delay, to
Charleston, in from 12 to 16 hours; thence, by railroad, to Au-
EXTRA.-Leave Baltimore or Washington city on Wednes-
day, via Fredericksburg, Richmond, and Petersburg railroad to
Blakely. Passengers will arrive at Halifax on Thursday even-
ing, at Wilmington Saturday morning, and leave for Charleston
Leave Charleston every Sunday and Tuesday, at 5 o'clock P.
M., reach Wilmington the following mornings to breakfast.
Leave Wilmington at 12 o'clock, and by railroad and post
coaches arrive at Halifax on the evenings of the next days, viz.
Tuesday and Thursday; sleep at Halifax, and the next morning
proceed North, via the Petersburg, Richmond, and Fredericks-
EXTRA.-Leave Wilmington on Friday, arrive at Halifax on
Saturday, and the next morning, via the Portsmouth Railroad
and Bay Boats, or the Petersburg, Richmond, and Fredericks-
Leave Baltimore or Washington city Monday, Wednesday,
and Friday, and arrive at Halifax Tuesday, Thursday, and Sa-
Arrive at Wilmington Thursday, Saturday, and Monday.
Arrive at Charleston Friday, Tuesday, and Tuesday.
Leave Charleston Sunday and Tuesday.
Leave Wilmington Friday and Saturday.
Arrive at Wilmington Monday, Wednesday, and Friday.
Arrive at Halifax Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday.
The Portsmouth cars run daily ; the Petersburg cars on Sun-
day, Monday, Wednesday, and Friday.
Passengers will observe that, on this route, via the Chesa-
peake Bay Boats and Portsmouth Railroad, only one night's
sleep is lost between New York and Augusta, or, via Peters-
burg, only one night between Richmond and Augusta. The
coaches are new, the horses fresh and well trained, the drivers
sober and skilful, the fare and accommodations good. The new,
beautiful, and swift steamboat NORTH CAROLINA, built by Cor-
nelius Vanderbilt, Esq., of New York, for the Company, has
just been added to the line between Wilmington and Charles-
ton. In fine, no expense has been spared to render the line
comfortable and safe.
OFFICE W. & R. RAILROAD COMPANY,
WILMINGTON, DECEMBER 14.
jan 2-4w (GI he)
W INE STORE, Pennsylvania Avenue, third
door West of 4J street, City of Washington.
-M. L. GITTINGS, has on hand a superior Stock of old
WINES and LQ UORS, consisting in part as follows:
20 dozen Reserved Madeira, very old and fine
20 do Burgundy do do
15 do Blackburn do do
15 do Murdoch do do.
40 do Pale Lobo,
e- do do
Carera, Oldham, Gold, &c. very su-
40 do Brown, Lobo, Romano, Duff, Gordon's
20 do Pure Grape Juice, Port
20 do Otard, Dupuy & Co's Brandy, very superior
20 do do Pale do do
18 do Champagne Brandy do
15 do Peach do do
10 do Jamaica Spirits do
15 do Irish Whiskey do
20 do Monongahela Whiskey 18 years old
50 do Sparkling Champagne, Napoleon brand
20 do do do Anchor do
15 do do do Grape do
10 do do do Harp do
6 do do do Pints, Napoleon do
20 do London Porter, Brown Stout, Scotch Ale, quart and
FRENCH WINES AND CORDIALS,
50 dozen Clarets, Chateau Margeaux, Leoville, Medoc, St.
Julien, Sauterne, White and Red Hermitage
25 dozen Marischino,Curacoa Liqueurs, Perfect Love,Cinna-
mon, Rose, Lemon, Aniseed, &c.
20 dozen Hock, Marcobruner, Hockheimer, &c.
12 pipes Madeira Reserved, Star, Burgundy, Murdoc, Black-
burn, Howard March & Co.'s Tinta, Grape Juice, &c.
4 butts Pale Sherry, Lobo, Carera, Oldham, &c.
4 do Brown do do do do
2 do Pure Juice Port
1 do Irish Whiskey, very old and fine
6 barrels Monongahela Whiskey, 18 years old
3 pipes Otard, Dupuy & Co.'s Brandy, old and fine
1 do do Pale do do
1 do Charante Brandy do
I do Champagne do do
2 do Holland Gin, Wesp, Anchor and Orange
2 do Jamaica Spirits
2 do St. Croix do
1 do Peach Brandy
Demijohns loaned, and goods sent free of porterage.
P KINCHY, CONFECTIONER-Thankful for
*past favors, respectfully informs the ladies and gentle-
men of Washington that a continues at his old stand between
10th and llth streets, wnere he has just received a large as-
sortment of French Bon Bons and other Confectionary, paper-
shelled, soft-shelled, and shelled Almonds, Bunch Muscatel
Raisins in whole, half, and quarter boxes, Dates, Currants, Sul-
tana Raisins, Prunes, Figs, Malaga Grapes, Citron, &c.
FOREIGN FRUITS IN SIRUP.
Canton Ginger, Pine Apple, Prunes, Limes, Apricots,
Quinces, Cherries, Strawberries, &c.
CORDIALS, FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC.
Mareschino de Zara, Extrait d'Absinthe, Kirschenwasser,'&c.
London Sauces, French Chocolate, French Mustard.
Salad Oil, English, French and Domestic Pickles.
Truffles, Mushrooms and Peas in steam, Sardines in oil, &c.
Capilare, Lemon, Pine Apple, Raspberry, &c.
Also, from Paris, a handsome assortment of Sugar Toys,
Fancy Boxes, Dolls, &c.
Vermicelli, Maccaroni, Oranges, Lemons, Cranberries, Nuts,
and all other articles in his line of business.
Large Cakes, Jellies, Blanc Mange, Fromage Bavorous,
Charlotte Russ, Pyramids, &c. made to order.
All orders for balls, dinner parties, will be thankfully receiv-
ed and punctually attended to-at the shortest notice.
dec 20-3taw2w (Glo)
ASH FOR NEGRUES.-I will give cash and liberal
C prices for a number of likely Negroes, under twenty-five
years of age, families included. I can be found at B. 0. She-
kell's Tavern, a few doors below Lloyd's Tavern, opposite the
Centre Market. JAMES H. BIRCH,
iJne 26-tf Washington City.
Charles County Court, August Term, 183 7.-On
th'sappearance of Zephaniah H. Turner, a petitioner for
the benefit of the insolvent laws of this State, it is ordered by
the court here that the bond of said Zephaniah H. Turner be
respited until the 3d Monday in March next, and that he give
notice to his creditors that they be and appear before the Judges
of Charles county court, on the third Monday in March next, to
show cause, if any they have, why the said Zephaniah H. Tur-
ner shall not have the benefit of said laws; provided a copy of
this order be published in some newspaper in the District of
Columbia, once a week for two months successively previous to
the said third Monday in March next.
Test, JOHN BARNES,
dec 21-law2m Clerk.
OR RENT.-The dwelling-house and grounds of the
late Lewis G. Davidson, Esq. situated on the extreme
A CARD.-SAMUEL M. CHARLES, Artist, corner of
7th street and Pennsylvania Avenue, has returned to
Washington, after an absence of a few weeks, and may be seen
as heretofore, at his rooms.
dec 18-dtf (Glo.)
AGENCY AT WASHINGTON.-JAMES H.CAUS-
TEN, (late of Baltimore,) having made this city his perma-
nent residence,and located his dwellingand office directlyopposite
to the Department of State, will undertake, with his accustomed
zeal and diligence, the settlement of claims generally; and
more particularly claims before Congress, against the United
States, or the several Departments thereof, and before any board
of commissioners that may be raised for the adjustment of spo-
liation or other claims. He has now in charge the entire class
arising out. of French spoliations prior to the year 1800 ;
with reference to which, inaddition to a mass of documents and
proofs in his possession, he has access to those in the archives
of the Government.
Claimants and pensioners on the Navy fund, &c. bounty
lands, return duties, &c. &c. and those requiring life insurance,
can have their business promptly attended to by letter, (post
paid,) and thus relieve themselves from an expensive and incon-
venient personal attendance.
Having obtained a commission of Notary Public, he is prepar-
ed to furnish legalized copies of any required public documents
or other papers. He has been so long engaged in the duties of
an agent, that it can only be necessary now to say that economy
and prompt attention shall be extended to all business confided
to his care; and that, to enable him to render his services and
facilities more efficacious, he has become familiar with all the
forms of office. teb 26-ly
AMERICAN AND FRENCH RESTAURANT,
(nearly opposite Gadsby's hotel.)-The subscriber will
be happy to furnish, on reasonable notice, the following dishes,
for dinner, supper, or ball parties :
Boned turkeys, pheasants, partridges, or any other birds in
season, with or without being ornamented with jelly.
Pates of the same kind of fowl as above.
Hams, rounds and briskets of beef.
Boned hog's head.
Rump of beef, plain or garnished
Sirloin of beef, rolled
Balatines of mutton, hot or cold
Various side-dishes, too numerous to mention in an advertise-
Soups of all kinds, by the pint, quart, or gallon
Pastry of every description belonging to the culinary art
Jelly, blancmange, charlotte russe, bavarois, creme, plom-
As the subscriber has not met the encouragement which lhe
expected, he can no longer devote the whole of his establish-
ment to a restaurant, and therefore takes this opportunity of
saying that he will be happy to accommodate a mess of mem-
bers of Congress, or transient or permanent boarders.
P. S. Fresh Venison just received.
j, The Public are respectfully invited to examine his Lar-
der for this day. jan 1-eo3t
CHOOL BOOKS.-A large and general assortment of
School Books may be found at cheap rates at the Book-
store of W. M. MORRISON, two doors west of Brown's Hotel.
Parents and teachers are respectfully invited to call and ex-
amine for themselves. jan 1
HRISTMAS PRESENTS.-A very great variety
of new and beautiful articles, suitable for Christmas Pre-
sents, is now opened and for sale at Stationers' Hall, consist-
ing, in part, of handsome Rose and Satinwood Work Boxes, fur-
nished and unfurnished, with and without music; Ladies' and
Gentlemen's Dressing Cases, richly furnished, at prices from
$10 to $65 ; Embroidered Satin Satchels and Cushions, highly
perfumed, for Gloves, Handkerchiefs, and the Wardrobp; Wri-
ting Cases and Portfolios, Toilet Cases, Gold and Silver Pencil
Cases, splendid Silver, Pearl, Ivory and Shell Card and Needle
Cases; large and small Musical Boxes; Rosewood and other
Card Baskets; an extensive assortment of Bronze Goods,
Fancy Boxes, English Annuals for 1838, with many other hand-
some and desirable articles, too numerous to particularize.
dec 22 (Adv. Met.) W. FISCHER.
N EW YEAR'S PRESENTS.-All the variety of
English Annuals, Albums, and Scrap Books that have
been imported for 1838, are for sale at Stationers' Hall at less
prices than they are sold for elsewhere in this city. Also, the
most extensive assortment of-
English Fancy and Staple Stationery
Travelling and Dressing Cases
Port Folios, Work Boxes
Card Cases and Baskets, Toilet Boxes
Bronze Goods, Musical Boxes, Motto Seals
Pocket Books, Purses, Penknives, Scissors
Razors, Gold and Silver Pencil Cases
Shell Combs, Hair and Teeth Brushes
Perfumery, Musical Instruments
Children's Gaines, Chessmen
Backgammon Boards, Dominos
Visiting and Playing Cards
Gold and Silver Paper and Ink, Mirrors
Battledores, Graces, Water Colors
Telescopes, Miniature Ivory and Cases
Drawing Materials, Mathematical Instruments.
With many other useful articles, are constantly kept for sale
A COOK AND WASHER FOR HIRE.-For
hire, a good plain Cook and Washer, being a healthy
woman. Inquire of E. DYER,
dec 30-dtf Auctioneer.
MBASSY to the Eastern Courts of China, Siam,
and Muscat, by Edmund Roberts, in the U. S. Sloop of
War Peacock, during the years 1832, '33, and 34, is just pub.-
lished, and this day received, for sale bPy
dec 29 F. TAYLOR.
B URTON'S COMIC SONGSTER-For sale be-
tween Ninth and Tenth streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
dec 30 R. FARNHAM.
N EW YEAR'S PRESENTS.-The subscriber has
in store a great variety of appropriate articles for New
Year's Presents, such as-
Very superior cut and gold Bead Bags
Do do Purses
Splendid Work Boxes, furnished and unfurnished
A large assortment of Fancy Baskets, new and beautiful
Elegant Battledores and Shuttles
Do Game a Graces
Cases of assorted Games, assorted in variety
Superior Scotch, Shell, and other Snuff and Segar Boxes
Magic Lanterns, Dissected Puzzles and Maps
Many interesting Toys for children
A general assortment of Pocket Books and Wallets
All kinds of best fresh perfumeries
Toilet Soaps, &c. &c, at the lowest prices.
Between Ilth and 12th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
OTTON OZNABURGS.-30 bales, No. 1 and 2,
from the Manufactory, Richmond; a good article; for sale
at factory prices, by LAMBERT & McKENZIE,
dec 20-6teod Agents, Alexandria.
W HITE HOUSE FISHERY FOR SALE AT
AUCTION.-Under the authority of a decree of
the Superior Court of Law and Chancery of the county of Fair-
fax, in the suit of Elizabeth Irwin, complainant, against Wil-
liam Herbert and others, defendants, the subscribers will offer
for sale at public auction, at 12 o'clock, at noon, on the 12th
day of January, at Samuel Catt's tavern, West end, in the coun-
ty aforesaid, that valuable tract of land called BELVOIR,"
in the said county, on the river Potomac, about 14 miles below
Alexandria, containing about two thousand acres, with the well-
known Fishery thereon, commonly called the "White House
Fishery," which has always been considered the best Shad
Fishery on the river.
Terms of sale.-One-tenth part of the purchase money to be
paid in cash on the day of sale; the residue in three equal in-
stalments of one, two, and three years, with interest fiom that
day. The deferred payments to be secured by the bonds of
the purchaser, with sufficient security, and the title to be re-
tained till the deferred payment shall be made.
R. I. TAYLOR,
THOMSON F. MASON,
nv 9-ts Commissioners of Sale.
HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES, or
REPUBLIC OF AMERICA,designed for schools
and private libraries, fifth edition, revised and corrected. By
HISTORY OF ENGLAND.-Hume and Smollett's
celebrated History of England, from its first settlement to the
year 1760, accurately and impartially abridged; and a contin-
uation from that period to the coronation of George IV. illus-
trated by twenty-four pages of engravings.
THE HISTORICAL CABINET; containing au-
thentic accounts of many remarkable and interesting events
which have taken place in modern times, carefully collected
and compiled from various and authentic sources, and not to be
found in any other work hitherto published-illustrated with
engravings. For sale, between 9th and 9th streets, Pennsyl-
vania avenue. R. FARNHAM.
HE CITY OF THE SULTAN, by Miss Pardoe,
T in 2 volumes; and
Vandeleur, or, Animal Magnetism, a novel, in 2 volumes, this
dav rr.pivod fnr sal~ hr P TAN YT. OR.- .nr -,r .;.....l,;, nm...
STEWART, THORNTON, AND EASTON,
Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, and Solicitors in
GEORGE N. STEWART,
HARRY I. THORNTON,
WM. C. EASTON,
Postage to be paid on business letters. oct 17-d&cly
EECKWITH'S ANTIDYSPEPTIC PILLS.-
For the most part, those who are already dyspeptic, or by
their habits and pursuits in a fair way to become so, are com-
monly not much in doubt of the fact, and sufficiently disposed to
employ a remedy entitled to their confidence. The object of
this advertisement is, to offer to those who may require a medi-
cine of this kind, such weight of testimony as will satisfy any
reasonable mind that, under all circumstances, these pills may
be tried with safety, at least. It is presumed such evidence
as the following would be thought sufficient to establish much
more important matters:
From the Rt. Rqv. Levi S. Ives, D. D. Bishop of North
"RALEIGH, MARCH 2, 1835.
Having for the last three years been intimately acquainted
with Dr. John Beckwith, of this city, and enjoyed his profes-
sional services, I take pleasure in stating that his character as
a Christian gentleman and experienced physician, entitles his
testimony, in regard to the use of his Antidyspeptic Pills, to the
entire confidence of the Public. My experience of the good ef-
fects of these Pills, for two years past, satisfies me of their emi-
nent value, particularly in aiding in impaired digestion, and
warding off bilious attacks. Having been for a long time sub-
ject to the annual recurrence of such attacks, I was in the habit
of resorting for security against them, and with very partial
success, to a liberal use ofcalomel or blue pill. But since my
acquaintance with the Antidyspeptic Pill of Dr. Beckwith, which
he prescribed in the first instance himself, I have not been un-
der the necessity of using mercury in any form, besides being
wholly exempt from bilious attacks. Several members of my
family are experiencing the same beneficial effects.
"L. S. IVES."
From the Rev. F. L. Hawks, D. D.
"NEW YORK, FEB. 3, 1836.
"I have no knowledge, derived from experience, of the effi-
cacy of Dr. Beckwith's Pills; but I know that several of my
personal friends in North Carolina, whom I left some years ago
suffering severely under dyspepsia, were in good health when
I saw them, on a visit made a few months since, and all ascrib-
ed their recovery to the use of Beckwith's Pills.
I know that the certificates obtained by the Doctor in North
Carolina are from gentlemen of the highest respectability, and
several of them stated to me verbally that which is contained
in their published certificates. I have the most entire confi-
dence in them.
"I also know Dr. Beckwith, and have known him from my
boyhood; and I cheerfully state, with Bishop Ives, that his
character as a Christian gentleman and experienced physician,
entitles his testimony, in regard to the use of his Antidyspeptic
Pills, to the entire confidence of the Public.'
"F. L. HAWKS."
From Governor Iredell.
S"AUGUST 21, 1834.
"Dr. Beckwith's Antidyspeptic Pills have been used in my
family, which is a large one, with the most beneficial effects. A
number of my friends who have been afflicted with dyspepsia
and other disorders of the stomach, have spoken to me in strong
terms of the relief they experienced from this remedy. With-
out the evidence I have received from others, my intimate
knowledge of the professional and private character of Dr.
Beckwith, for the last twenty years, justifies me in declaring
that he would give no assurances of facts of his own experience,
or of professional deductions, of which he was not perfectly
confident, and on which the Public might not safely rely.
From the Hon. George E. Badger, LL. D.
"RALEIGH, Nov. 7, 1834.
"For several years past, Dr. Beckwith's Antidyspeptic Pills
have been used as a domestic medicine in my family. I have
myself frequently used them for the relief of headache, acid,
and otherwise disordered stomach, resulting from imprudence
or excessin diet, and I have had many opportunities oflearning
from others their effects, when used by them for like purposes.
My experience and observation justify me in saying that the re-
lief afforded by the Pills is generally speedy, and almost al-
ways certain ; that they may be taken at any time without dan-
ger or inconvenience, and that their operation is attended by no
nausea or other disagreeable effects whatever; and though I
have known many persons use them, I have known none whodid
not approve them ; none who sustained any injury, and none who
failed to derive benefit from their use. And, upon the whole, I
do not hesitate to recommend them as an agreeable, safe, and
efficacious remedy in dyspeptic affections, and believe them my-
self to be the best antidyspeptic medicine ever offered to the
Public. G. E. BADGER."
From the Hon. Richard Hines, late member of Congress
from the Tarboro' district.
HERMITAGE, near Sparta, Edgecombe co. Nov. 10, 1834.
"I was severely afflicted for several years with dyspepsia,
jaundice, and general ill health. I called in the aid of eminent
physicians, and visited most of the mineral springs of celebrity
in the United States, without any material benefit, until my case
was thought to be hopeless. Being compelled in the winter of
1824 to spend some weeks in Raleigh, I consulted Dr. Beck-
with, when he prescribed what is now known as Beckwith's
Antidyspeptic Pills,' by the use of which I soon became much
better. I continued to take them for some months, until my
health was entirely restored, to which they mainly contributed.
Another member of my family subsequently used them with
like benefit and success.
"Having been many years well acquainted with Dr. Beck-
with, I take pleasure in mentioning him as a gentleman of great
worth and intelligence, and of known and admitted science and
skill in his profession, and in recommending his Antidyspeptic
Pills as a most valuable medicine to those afflicted with the
diseases I have mentioned.
From the Hon. Charles Fisher, late member of Congress,
SALISBURY, FEB. 23. 1837.
"Several years ago I was very much afflicted with diseased
stomach and bowels; nothing I could eat appeared to agree with
me, and I was obliged to be very careful in my diet. A jour-
ney tothe Southwest afforded me considerable relief, and, as I
supposed, had cured me; but, when I left off travelling, the
disease returned again, and I was obliged to take medicine
constantly, among other things very often calomel; this con-
tinued to be my state until about twelve months ago, when, on
the recommendation of Major John Beard, I began to try Beck-
with's Antidyspeptio Pills; I soon found relief from them, and f
since have taken no other medicine whatever. Whenever I
find my stomach or bowels becoming deranged, I resort to these t
pills, and invariably find relief. I have heard a number of
persons speak of the benefits they have received from these
pills, in the most decided terms. I am well acquainted with
Dr. Beckwith; he for a time resided in this place, and was my t
family physician. His own testimony with regard to the use of
his Antidyspeptic Pills may be fully relied on.
"CHARLES FISHER." t
These Pills may be had at the stores of Dr. W. GUNTON
and S. J. TODD, Washington City; R. STABLER, Alexan-
dria; 0. M. LINTHICUM, Georgetown, and of almost every
extensive Druggist throughout the United States.
sept 2-d6m dec 4-d4m
C ASH FOR NEGROES.-I will give the highest
cash price for likely NEGROES from 10 to 25 years of
age. Myself or agent can at all times be found at the estab-
lishment formerly owned by Armfield, Franklin & Co. at the
west end of Duke street, Alexandria.
mar 14-tf GEORGE KEPHART.
C ASH FOR NEGROES.-I will give cash, and libe-
ral prices, for any number of young and likely Negroes,
from 8 to 40 years of age. Persons having negroes to dispose
of will find it to their advantage to give me a call, at my resi-
dence, on the corner of 7th street and Maryland avenue, and
opposite Mr. William H. Williams's private jail. All letters ad-
dressed to me, Washington City, shall have immediate attention.
dec 5-dim WILLIAM H. RICHARDS.
IFTY DOLLARS REWARD.-Eloped from my
residence ELOIZA, a young negress of ordinary stature
and size, but strongly made, about 22 years old, color of a chest-
nut or brown, long thick woolly hair, which is commonly neat-
ly combed, parted before, and tucked with combs. Her cloth-
ing consists of several calico frocks, white cotton aprons and
collars, &c. and a black boimbasin dress. She has had from
her birth a very singular mark, resembling the dashing on the
skin of coffee grounds or some black substance. This mark,
to the best of my recollection, commences on the neck or collar
bone, and covers part of her breasts, body, and limbs, and when
her neck and arms are uncovered is very perceptible. I un-
derstand that she calls herself Louisa, and has been frequently
seen east and south of the Capitol square, and harbored by ill-
disposed persons of every complexion for her services, where
by diligent search she may be found, unless she has hired her-
self elsewhere as a cook or house servant. I will give the
above reward if caught in the District of Columbia and deliver-
ed to me, or if out of the District I will give an additional sum
of ten dollars for every ten miles beyond theDistrict line in any
direction, provided the distance does not exceed fifty miles, and
F OR SALE.-A First-rate Carriage and harness, and a
F' pair of well-ratched carriage horses. They may be seen
at Smith's Livery stable, who will give any information that
may be desired, and will state the terms of sale.
OARDING.-Mrs. B. J. MILLER has removed from
her former residence, and has taken that pleasantly situ-
ated and commodious house, on E street, nearly opposite Rev.
O. B. Brown's, where, on account of its equi-distant location
from the Capitol and public Departments, and its exemption
from the annoyance of the dust of the avenue, she anticipates
a continuance of the patronage of gentleman transiently visit-
ing Washington, as well as those wanting board by the month
*** The Ladies of Members of Congress may receive les-
sons in music as above, or Mrs. M. will attend on them at
their lodgings. dec 15-eo4w
OARDING, at Mrs. CONNOR'S Boarding House, on
the north side of Pennsylvania avenue, cast of 41 street.
Gentlemen of Congress that are not yet located for this session
can be accommodated with parlors and chambers, suited either
for single gentlemen or families.
Mrs. C. assures those who may locate at her house, that no
reasonable expense shall be spared to give comfort to her board-
ers. Her house is in good style, and location desirable, being
but a pleasant walk to the Capitol.
Gentlemen that have rooms from the house can be accorn-
modated with their meals. dec 27-eo8t
OARDING.-Mrs. CUMMINGS can accommodate
gentlemen in Congress, or others, either with or without
families, at her house, pleasantly situated on the south side of
Pennsylvania Avenue, between 9th and 10th streets, being
from thence an agreeable walk to the Capitol, or to the Depart-
ments. dec 15-w3w
W RITING DESKS, dC.- An assortment of Portable
Writing Desks, of mahogany, rose-wood, and leather,
from $8 to $25.
A few Dressing Cases, for ladies and gentlemen, a beautiful
Also, a superior assortment of Pocket Books and Card Cases.
Just received, and for sale on reasonable terms, at
Book, Stationery, and Fancy Store,
jan 1-3t Penn. Avenue, between 11th and 12th sts.
O 0CLAIMANTS.-FRANCIS A. DICKINS, of the
B. city of Washington, having resigned the appointment
held by him for several years in the Treasury and War Depart-
ments, has undertaken the agency of claims before Congress,
and other branches of the Government, including commission-
ers under treaties, and the various public offices; also, the pro-
curing of patents for public lands, prosecuting claims for servi-
ces in the Revolution, and for Navy pensions, and generally
such other business as may require the aid of an agent at Wash-
ington. He will likewise attend to the prosecution of bounty
land claims upon the State of Virginia, and the recovery of
lands in Ohio which have been sold for taxes.
Persons having, or supposing themselves to have claims, will,
on transmitting a statement of the facts, be advised of the pro-
per course of proceeding. His charge will be moderate, de-
pending upon the amount of the claim and the extent of the
He is also agent for the American Life Insurance and Trust
Company, which has a capital of two millions of dollars paid in,
and for the Baltimore Fire Insurance Company.
Mr. F. A. DICKINS is known to most of those who have been
in Congress within the last few years, or who have occupied
any public situation at Washington.
His office is on Pennsylvania Avenue, adjoining the buildings
occupied by the Treasury Department, and opposite to.those oc-
cupied by the Post Office Department.
]n All letters must be post paid. july 6-dly
SCHOOL FOR CIVIL ENGINEERS-City
Academy, 41 Street.-The duties of this institution
will be resumed on the first Tuesday in January. Upwards of
forty young gentlemen have been educated at this school within
the last five years for practical engineering and the navy, and
are now actually engaged on the various canals and railroads,
at a salary varying from ten to fifteen hundred dollars per an-
num. Each young gentleman who has studied a full course
will be furnished with a certificate of his qualifications. Terms,
$6 per quarter; second class, engineering or the navy, $15 ;
first class $23 per quarter, including draughting and the con-
struction of maps. Inconsequence of some of the pupils having
received appointments, there are vacancies in the engineering
and draughting classes.
Terms for boarders $250 per annum.
Writing School.-J. FILL'S celebrated system of writ-
ing taught in 12 lessons. Terms $5 at his Academy. For more
private instruction at his residence $10 for a course of lessons.
RY GOODS.-As the season is advanced, we have
come to the determination to dispose of our entire stock
of Goods, at very reduced prices, which consists of-
Silks, Linens, Cloths, Cassimeres, Vestings
Hosiery, Gloves, Merinoes, Blankets
Calicoes, Sheeting, Diapers, Table Cloths
And a good assortment of Carpeting and Curtain Goods.
BRADLEY & CATLETT.
dee 30-eo3w (Glo.&Mad.)
LADY BLESSINGTON'S MAGNIFICENT
ANNUAL.-Gems of Beauty, displayed in a series
of 12 highly finished engravings of The Passions, from designs
by E. T. Parris, Esq. executed under the superintendence of
Mr. Charles Heath, with fanciful illustrations in verse, by the
COUNTESS OF BLESSINGTON. One splendid volume, imperial
quarto, superbly bound in rich figured silk, and gilt Turkey
morocco, in a variety of styles. The exquisite taste of the fair
editress is conspicuous in the perfection of this beautiful annual;
the illustrations, which include a wider range of subjects than
those of last year, have never been equalled for high finish and
delicacy of execution, and the general style of binding, and
"getting up," is such as to give it a decided superiority over
every other publication of the season.
THE AUTHORS OF ENGLAND, a series of Medallion
Portraits of modern literary characters, engraved from the
works of British artists, by Achille Collas, with illustrative no-
tices by Henry F. Chorley-one splendid royal quarto volume.
FLORA'S GEMS, or the choicest Treasures of the Parterre,
containing 12 bouquets of flowers, drawn and colored in the
most finished and delicate style, so as to equal first-rate draw-
ings, with poetical Illustrations, by Miss L. A. Twamley. Im-
perial quarto, richly and appropriately bound in green and gold.
PEARLS FROM THE EAST, or Beauties of Lalla Rookh,
designed by Fanny Corbaux, drawn on stone by Louisa Cor-
baux, containing 12 splendid illustrations, on tinted paper, or
may be had superbly colored under the artist's inspection. Im-
FLOWERS OF LOVELINESS-Twelve groups of female
figures, emblematic of Flowers, forming an assemblage of fe-
male beauty, designed by various artists, with poetical illustra-
tions, by L. E. L. Imperial quarto, handsomely bound in
THE BOOK OF GEMS, 1838. The Poets and Artists of
Great Britain, edited by S. C. Hall. TPhird volume, completing
the work, and containing specimens and memoirs of the modern
Poets of Great Britain, and 43 exquisite Illustrations. 1 vol 8vo.
The same work for 1837 and 1836, altogether probably one of
the most attractive books in existence.
Also, over twenty Souvenirs, of various kinds not enumerated
above, English Bibles of all sizes, superb Prayer Books, Draw-
ng Books, and Albums, in great variety. Books of Engravings
of many different kinds, Gold Pencil Cases, Portfolios in splen-
did binding, Ladies' writing desks, Ladies' work Boxes, Bronze
Inkstands, Motto Seals, Gentlemen's Dressing Cases, Colored
Books for young People, Juvenile Souvenirs, &c. &c. with
nany other articles suitable for the present season, in the great-
est variety and all at the lowest prices, for sale by
At the Waverly Circulating Library, immediately east of
3adsby's Hotel. jan 1
B YRON'S WORKS.-The works of Lord Byron, in-
cluding the suppressed poems. Also, a Sketch of his
Life, by J. W. Lake, complete in I vol. handsomely printed
Cowper's and Thompson's Works.-The works of
Thompson and Cowper, including many letters and poems ne-
ver before published in this country, with a new interesting
memoir ofthe Life of Thompson, complete in one volume.
The poetical works of Milton, Young, Gray, Beattie, and
Collins, complete in I volume.
The poetical works of Rogers, Campbell, I. Montgomery,
Lamb, and Kirk White, complete in 1 volume.
The works of Lawrence Sterne, with the Life of the Author,
written by himself, in 1 volume.
Mackenzie's Five Thousand Receipts in all the useful and
For sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
nov 20 R. FARNHAM.
T HE YOUNG WIFE, or Duties of Woman in the
Marriage Relation; by Wm. A. Alcott, author of the
Young Mother, Young Man's Guide, and House I Live in, and
editor of the Library of Health. For sale between 9th and 10th
streets, Pennsylvania avenue. R. FARNHAM.
E ENGLISH ANNUALS.-W. FISCHER will open to-
morrow the greatest variety of English annuals that have
ever been offered for sale in the District. A list ofthem will be
given hereafter, and the prices for them will be very reason-
able. Purchasers will do well to inquire at Stationers' Hall
B OUQUETS.-WM. BUIST, Florist, corner of 12th
and H streets, returns his sincere thanks to the citizens
of Washington and the Public in general for the liberal patron-
age extended to him.
W. B. having enlarged his green-house, lie is now prepared
to furnish the lovers of Flora's kingdom with the most splendid
Bouquets, of any size or form, put up with his usual taste, and
in the shortest notice.
Also, a choice collection of Tea Roses, together with a gene-
ral assortment of green-house and parlor plants.
N. B. All orders punctually attended to.
dee 20-3taw4w (Glo.)
I&/ HIG ALMANAC.-The Whig Almanac and Politi-
cal Register, for 1838, containing full tables of the votes
for President in the several States, by counties, compared with
the votes cast in the same States and counties during the last
year, with a list of the chief Executive and Judicial officers of
the United States and the members of Congress. Also, a vari-
ety of anecdotes, besides the usual Almanac tables, &c. Also,
The Christian Almanac, The Farmers' Calendar, The Town
and Country Almanac, The Churchman's Almanac, The Pocket
Almanac, American Comic Almanac, Davy Crockett's Alma-
nac, and the People's Almanac. For sale at No. 5, Varnumn's
Row, between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. Avenue.
dec 13 R. FARNHAM.
F RENCII SCHOOL BOOKS.-Le Brun's Tele-
maque, Les Caracteres de La Bruyere, Vie de Washing-
ton, Fables de la Fontaine, Fables de Florian, Bolmar's Perrin's
Fables, Perrin's Fables, Bolmar's Colloquial Phrases, Perrin's
French and English Conversation, Bolmar's French Verb Book,
Addick's French Elements, Charles 12th, Porney's French
Spelling Book, Nugent's Dictionary, Wonartrocht's Grammar,
Levizac's Grammar, Perrin's Grammar, &c. &c.
For sale between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. Avenue.
dec 1 R. FARNHAM
c7 T1HE AMERICANS," by Francis J. Grund,
T in their Moral, Social, and Political Relations, is just
published from the London edition, and this day received for
sale by F. TAYLOR.
D ANA'S MINERALOGY, in one octavo volume,
containing 400 engravings, is just published, and for sale
by F. TAYLOR ; treating also on Crystallography, the appli-
cation of Chemistry and Mathematics to the same subject, &c.
Also, Sopwith's Isometrical Drawing, as applicable to Geo-
logical and Mining Plans, by T. Sopwith, Mine Surveyor, I vol.
Eastman's Topographical Drawing.
Phillips's Introduction to Mineralogy, edited by Allen.
Morton on Fossil Organic Remains.
How to Observe Geology, by De la Beche.
Grier's Mechanics' and Engineers' Pocket Dictionary.
And other works, not enumerated, on the same subjects.
*** A collection of valuable Books on Conchology, now on
the way, are daily expected, dec 20
UST PUBLISHED AND FOR SALE, by W.
S M. MORRISON, two doors west of Brown's Hotel,
Peck's New Gazetteer of Illinois, in three parts, containing
a general view of the State; a general view of each county,
and a particular description of each town, settlement, stream,
prairie, bottom, bluff, etc., alphabetically arranged; by J. M.
Also, a second edition of Peck's New Guide for Emigrants to
the West; containing Sketches of Michigan, Ohio, Indiana,
Illinois, Missouri, Arkansas, with the Territory of Wisconsin
and the adjacent parts.
Tales from the German, translated by Nathaniel Green; inr
Twice Told Tales, by Nathaniel Hawthorn;
The Youth's Keepsake, for 1838.
The Harcourts, or Stories from Real Life, designed to teach
true Independence and Domestic Economy ; in five parts.
Part 3d: Extravagance is the disease, economy is the reme-
The Savings Bank, and other stories; illustrating true Inde-
dependence and Domestic Economy; translated from the French
by a Lady. 'Part 4: Stories from Real Life.
The Lady's Annual Register and Housewife's Memorandum
Book, for 838; by Caroline Gilman; with Engravings, by
Devereux. dec 16
Circuit Court of the District of Columbia for te
County of Washington.-In Chancery.
Auguste R. Theriot,
The Mayor, Board of Aldermen, and Board of Common Coun-
cil of the City of Washington, the heir or heirs at law of
Peter Passet, late of said city, deceased, and Paul Kinchey,
Administrator of said Passet.
HE bill in this case states that at a public sale of certain
lots in the city of Washington, held by the Corporation
of said city on the 3d April, 1826, by virtue of an act of Con-
gress entitled "An act to authorize and empower the Corpora-
tion of the city of Washington, in the District of Columbia, to
drain the low grounds on and near the public reservations, and
to improve and ornament certain parts of such reservations,"
the said Passet, and one William Fadeuilhe, became the pur-
chasers of lot No. 31, in square A, in the said city, at the sum of
$532 87J, on certain conditions of sale and improvement.
That they paid one-fifth of the purchase money in hand, and
the said Fadeuilhe shortly afterwards sold and assigned his
right, title, and interest in said lot to the said Passet, who paid
all the instalments of said purchase money, with the' interest
thereon, which became due in his lifetime, as they became
due, and died some time in the year leaving the last two
instalments of said purchase money unpaid, and indebted to the
complainantin the sum of $151 25, besides interest, and also
to divers other persons, leaving personal property insufficient to
pay his debts. -Thatsaid Passet did'not leave any known heir,
for devisee, capable of inheriting or taking the said lot or his
interest therein, and that he died intestate, and his heir or heirs
at law, if any such there be, most probably reside in ------,
whence the said Passet emigrated. The object of the bill is t>
obtain a decree for the sale (subject to said conditions of im-
provement) of all the right, title, and interest of said Passet, at
the time of his decease, and of his heir or heirs at law, if any
such there be, to said lot, for the payment of the complainant
and the other creditors of said Passet.
And it appearing to the satisfaction of this Court, the heir or
heirs at law of said Passet, if any such there be, reside without
the jurisdiction of this Court, and most probably in France, it
is thereupon, this 29th day of November, 1837, by this Court
ordered, that notice of the substance and object of said bill be
given to the person or persons who is or are heir or heirs at
law of said Passet, by publishing a copy of this order in the
National Intelligencer once a week for six successive weeks
ensuing, the heir or heirs at law of said Passet to be and ap-
pear in the Clerk's office of this county at the rules therein to
be held on the first Monday of April next, then and there to
answer said bill, otherwise the same will be taken pro confess
against them : the first publication of this order to appear at
least four months before said day.
By order of the Court:
Test: WM. BRENT, Clerk.
JUST PUBLISHED AND FOR SALE, by W.
M. MORRISON, two doors west of Brown's Hotel,
The Christian Professor, addressed in a series of counsels and
cautions, to the members of Christian Churches; by John An-
Wayland's Political Economy.
Wayland's Elements of Moral Science; new edition, revised
Combe on the Constitution of Man, considered in relation to
external objects, with an additional chapter on the harmony be-
tween Phrenology and Revelation; by Joseph A. Warne, A.M.
The Law of Patents for Inventions ; including the Remedies
and Legal Proceedings in relation to Patent Rights; by Willard
Also, Sword's Pocket Almanac for 1838.' dec 20
F OR SALE OR RENT.- Onthe upperpart of Green-
leafs Point, the two westernmost three story Brick Houses,
in which Commodore RODGERS recently resided, together with
the garden, ice house, bath, smoke Oouse, stables, carriage
house, &c. &c. mar 7-tf
VANS'S CAMOMILE PILLS.-Just received a
fresh supply of the above valuable Pills, for sale by
Between 11th and 12th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
P. S. Superior yellow leaf James river Tobacco.
RECOLLECTIONS OF A SOUTHERN MA-
TRON, by Caroline Gilman, author of Recollections
of a New England Housekeeper. Just received by
KENNEDY & ELLIOTT,
dec 25-3t In the Athenaeum, Pennsylvania avenue.
POEMS BY THE HON. MRS. NORTON.-In
one volume, price fifty cents, is just received. For sale
by F. TAYLOR. nov 29
A NTIQOUITATES AMERICAN1E.-The following
publications of the Royal Society of Antiquaries at Copen-
hagen respecting the Icelandic and Scandinavian knowledge
and discoveries of this country previous to the time of Colum-
bus, are just imported (a single copy of each) and for sale by
Antiquitates Americanse, containing the voyages of the North-
men during the 10th, llth, 12th, 13th and 14th centuries, in the
original Icelandic, with versions in the Danish and Latin lan-
guages, and an abstract of the whole in English, illustrated with
18 maps and plates, 1 volume imperial 4to.
Annals and Memoirs of the Royal Society of Northern An-