Daily national intelligencer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073214/00011
 Material Information
Title: Daily national intelligencer
Alternate title: National intelligencer
Sunday national intelligencer
Physical Description: v. : ; 50-60 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Gales & Seaton
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C.
Creation Date: December 21, 1837
Publication Date: 1813-
Frequency: daily (except sunday)[feb. 6, 1865-]
daily[ former 1813-feb. 5, 1865]
normalized irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microform from Readex Microprint Corp., and on microfilm from the Library of Congress.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1, 1813)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1869.
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended Aug. 24-30, 1814.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02260099
lccn - sn 83026172
System ID: UF00073214:00011
 Related Items
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. : 1810)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Succeeded by: Washington express
Succeeded by: Daily national intelligencer and Washington express

Full Text


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No 7756.

Those subscribing for a year, vwhTido not, either at the time of
ordering the paper, or subsequently, give notice of their wish
to have the paper discontinued at the expiration of their year,
will ho presumed as desiring its continuance until counter-
manded, and it will be continued accordingly, at the option
of the Editors.

B RENT & BRENT, Attorneys at Law, have re
moved their office from Pennsylvania Avenue to the first
and'second room on the left hand of the entry to the Southeast-
ern wing of the City Hall. nov 27--dl5t
1EORGE SWEENY, Notary Public, Convey-
ancer, and General Agent, has opened an office in
Elliot's new block of buildings, on Pennsylvania Avenue, cast of
4j street, where lie is ready to execute any business committed
to him.
G. S. will undertake the prosecution of claims upon Congress
and the Executive Departments of the Government, and will
be thankful to those who may favor him with orders or comn-
His well-known experience in all such business as he pro-
poses to undertake, renders particular references unnecessary.
dec 4-dlww3m [Globe]
]-' The, Baltimore Patriot, Philadelphia Enquirer, New York
Journal of Commerce, Charleston Courier, New Orleans Bul-
letin, Cincinnati Gazette, Louisville Journal, and Mobile Com-
mercial Advertiser will please to insert the above six times,
and send their accounts to the'advertiser for payment.
S ID. KING & JOHN WILSON, Land and Gene-
ral Agents, Washington city, D. C. Office in the rooms
lately occupied by the Bank of the Metropolis, corner of F and
15th streets, dec 14-d6m
THOMAS PURSELL has just received, in addition to
his former stock, at his store, opposite Brown's Hotel, Pennsyl-
vania Avenue, 79 packages of the above articles, of the latest
patterns and shapes, which he offers, whole ale or retail, low,
for cash, or to punctual customers. He solicits a call from his
friends, and the Public generally. Goods packed up securely
to go to any part of the country.

P. S. Three furnished rooms to rent.
dec 9-ST&T6t


L ANE & TUCKER, Merchant Tailors, north
side of Pennsylvania avenue, a few doors west of 4J
street, have just added to their stock of FALL and WINTER
GOODS a very beautiful and fashionable assortment of Cloths,
Cassimeres and Vestings, selected with great care from some of
the best importing houses in New York; also a general assort-
ment of fancy articles for gentlemen's wear.
Citizens, strangers, and members of Congress, are respect-
fully solicited to call and examine for themselves. Grateful for
past favors, our best efforts shall be exerted to give general
satisfaction to all who may favor us with their patronage. Our
charges will be moderate.
Reports of fashions just received and for sale.
dec 2-3trw3w
Merchant Tailor, Pennsylvania avenue, respectfully calls
the attention of his customers and the Public to his large and
elegant assortment of FALL AND WINTER GOODS ; which he
will make up, to order, at the shortest notice, and in the best
and most fashionable style.
Together with a first-rate stock of fashionable READY MADE
CLOTHING, FANCY ARTICLES, &c., which will make his assort-
ment, in every respect, full and complete.
nov 13-eod2m
OTICE.-The creditors of Ruth Smallwood, deceased,
S are hereby notified to attend at the Orphans' Court, City
Hall, on Saturday, the 16th December next, to receive their
proportions of dividend to be made on said estate; otherwise,
they will be excluded from the benefit of the same.
nov 24~w3w Executor.
t ='OR SALE, a small Farm, containing about fifty acres,
about eight miles from the city of Washington, in a most
healthy and pleasant situation, in the midst ofgenteel and agree-
able society, with a comfortable dwelling-house, stables, and
other necessary and convenient buildings, suitable for summer
residence for a gentleman with a small family.
The proprietor being desirous to remove from the State of
Maryland, is disposed to give a great bargain, and to sell on ac-
commodating terms; which, with other particulars, will be
made known on application to
dec 6-d3tw3w [Glo] General Agent, Penn. Avenue.
including both sexes, up to the age of thirty. Persons
having likely servants for sale will do well to give me a call, as
1 will give the highest prices, in cash.
All communications directed to me, in Washington city, will
be promptly attended to. I can be found at Levy Pumphrey's
tavern, corner of 6th and C street, back of Gadsby's hotel, or at
the Farmers' and Citizens' hotel, kept by Mrs. Barber, also
back of Gadsby's, Washington city.
dec 1-dim THO. M. JONES.
HINEAS JANNEY, Alexandria, has just received,
per Swedish brig Ulla, Captain Hillman, from Stockholm,
160 tons Swedish IRON, consisting of flat, round, and square
bars, plough plates, and land sides ; which, with his stock of
Swedish and English Iron, previously in store, makes his as-
sortment very good, and will be sold, as usual, on accommoda-
ting terms.
Also, on hand and for sale :
The choicest and most superior extra old L. P. MADEIRA
Choice extra good old L. P. Madeira Wine
Very choice old Tifita do. do.
Do. do. do. Sercial do. do.
Do. do. do. Burgundy do. do.
Do. do. Madeira Grape Juice do.
Do. do. superior old Port do.
In bottles, put up in boxes of one and two dozen, which will
be forwarded to order, being ready packed so as to carry with
perfect safety.
Also, choice and superior old Madeira and Port Wines, in
pipes, half-pipes, quarter casks, and half-quarter do. all of his
own importation, which will bear comparison with any wines in
this District or in the Uniled States.
dec 15-eo7t (Globe, Mad. & Pot.Adv.)
3 pieces Beaver Cloths, Brown and Green
6 do Blue-black and Royal Purple
5 do Superfine Milled Cloths
S110 do Blue-black and Medley Cloths
50 do Blue-black mixed Cassimeres
100 do Velvet, silk, and other vestings
100 do Lambs Wool Drawers and Shirts
50 dozen Woollen Socks for boots
Any of the above Cloths or Cassimeres will be made up at the
shortest notice by an experienced tailor.
Also, 50 dozen gentlemen's Evening,Gloves
dec ll-3taw2w (Glo & Mad)

2000 FOSTER'S COPY BOOKS.-Just re-
00 ceived from Boston, Foster's Elementary Copy
Books, designed to render the acquisition of penmanship simple
and progressive; to save teachers the trouble of setting copies,
and to furnish schools and families with a practical system by
which the art may be taught with facility and correctness.
Also, Bascom's Guide to Chirography, in a series of writing
books; ruled, with the lines about one-seventh of an inch apart;
which style of ruling is adapted to coarse hand, medium hand,
fine hand, capitals, &c.; with engraved copies in each book,
and general directions on the covers; being an improvementon
the author's system of penmanship and writing book combined.
A considerable deduction will be made to those who buy by the
quantity. For sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania
avenue. R. FARNHAM.
dec 8
VIE DE WASHINGTON. -The Life of Gen. Geo.
Washington, in French, by A. N. Girault. For sale be-
tween 9th and 10th streets, Penn. Avenue.
nov 3 R. FARNHAM.
CIASH FOR NEGROES.-I will give cash, and libe-


No. 2 East of the National Billiard Room, Pennsylvania
avenue, Washington, and No. 31 South street, Baltimore city.
WM. BELL, the proprietor of the above establishments, and
of the London process for perfectly erasing all extraneous sub-
stances from Cloth, and giving to an old Coat the appearance of
new, without in the least affecting the color or shape, is now in
Washington, and will devote his attention to members of Con-
gress and strangers visiting the city, so as to have their orders
executed with all possible despatch, and in a first-rate style of
12 Woollens dyed to any color; warranted fast colors.
dec 13-7teod

100 pieces super. Irish Linens, very cheap
20 do extra fine do .
150 do long cloth Cotton Shirtings
50 do 1-4, 9-4, and 10-4 Damask Diapers
100 Damask Table Cloths, all sizes.
dec ll-3taw2w (Globe & Mad)
50 pieces very rich figured Silks,
60 do do do plain Poult de Soie,
30 do do do plain white and colored Satins,
131 do superior black Silks,
50 do indress pattern, rich Shalleys,
50 do dark brown English Merinoes.
dec ll-3taw2w (Globe & Mad.)
I EW BOOKS.-The Youth's Letter Writer, or the
SEpistolary Art made plain and easy to beginners, through
the examples of Henry Moreton. By Mrs. John Farrar.
The American Frugal Housewife, dedicated to those who are
not ashamed of economy. By Mrs. Child.
Three Experiments of Living: Living within the Means,
Living up to the Means, Living beyond the Means.
Sequel to Three Experiments of Living.
Stories from Real Life, designed to teach true Independence
and Domestic Economy. A fresh supply, just received and
for sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
dec 18 R. FARNHAM.
N EWY INKS.-Just opened at Stationers' Hall, a very
large quantity ofStephens's unchangeable dark-blue Writ-
ing Fluid. This entirely new composition, from its intensely
vivid and agreeable contrast to the paper, from its power of re-
sisting the usual bleaching agents by which its durability can
be insured, will be found to be better fitted for all the common
and business purposes of writing, and for all durable records,
than any other solutions of color ever yet offered to the Public.
Also, Stephens's brilliant Red Writing Fluid. The brilliancy
and beauty of this color will be found to surpass any red solu-
tion now in use, for the purposes of writing.
For sale only by W. FISCHER.
dec 18 [Adv. & Met.]
NIMAL MAGNETISM.-Just published, and for
sale at Stationers' Hall, The Philosophy of Animal Mag-
netism, together with the system of Manipulation adopted to
produce ccstacy and somnambulism; the effects and the ra-
tionale by a gentleman of Philadelphia: dedicated to the clergy,
physicians, philosophers, literati, lawyers, merchants, manufac-
turers, mechanics, farmers, and citizens generally, but more es-
pecially to the ladies of the United States of America. Price of
the above work only 50 cents.
dec 18 [Adv]
beautifully colored Engravings, upwards of one hundred
in number.
This splendidly illustrated edition is this day received for
sale by F. TAYLOR,
Along with a farther supply of Illustrated editions, Books of
Engravings, Souvenirs, elegantly bound and ornamented edi-
tions of various kinds, at the lowest prices, at the Waverley
Circulating Library, immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel.
dec 18

HOICE WINES, selected from the importa-
tions of JOHN VAUGHAN, Esq. at Philadel-
phia.-Duff Gordon & Co.'s Sherry Wines.
Phelps, Phelps and Lauriefs Madeira Wines.
Burmester and Brothers' Port Wine.
Splendid Old Malmsey, White Port, Champagne, Claret,
&c. of the most approved sorts.
The Subscriber has constantly on hand, at private sale only,
a neat assortment of the above described Wines, direct from
the stores of the importer, selected with care and bottled, put
up in cases of one, two, and three dozens each, expressly for
the accommodation of Members of Congress and others at
Washington. The purity and character of the Wines are gua-
rantied. Samples at the auction rooms.
,i t 1 r ra -'11^ ,,i D ,,, .. qv 1n.q t ..,, .. 'Q, It^ 1

OMBS AND BRUSHES.-An extensive variety of
English and French Hair and Teeth Brushes and Combs
from the best manufacturers in London and Paris, made of hand-
some ivory, shell, rose, and Satin wood, are for sale at Station-
ers' Hall. W. FISCHER.
dec 18 (Adv & Met)
not sold in a few-days, he will leave the city. Inquire at
Brown's Hotel. dec 15-3t
ONNETS.-I have this day received-
2 cases colored Straw Bonnets ,.
1 case white English do do
1 do do medium do 'do
1 do Misses' do do
dec 13-eo4t (Globe) A. W. TURNER.
OTICE.-The subscribers have received from the man-
1000 pairs prime coarse Boots
3000 do do do Brogans
1000 do do do do boys
Which will be sold as low for cash, or for approved paper, as
they can be bought at any place in this District.
dec 13-6t 7th street.
Appendix, showing the train of insidious causes by
which the removal ofthe deposits was effected, being detached
from a book now in preparation for the press, entitled "Sketch.
es of Eight Years in Washington," &c.
Also: The Misrepresentations of "a Member of the Hickory
Club," in reply to Dr. Mayo's "Sketches," &c., refuted; by
Robert Mayo, M. D.
For sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
dec 4 R. FARNHAM.
ER has now opened for inspection the greatest variety of
splendid Annuals, for Christmas and New year presents, that
has ever been offered for sale in this city, and at prices the
most reasonable. They comprise-
1. The Oriental Annual, 22 plates, Svo. morocco.
2. The Picturesque do. 19 plates, royal Svo. velvet.
3. The Drawing Room Scrap Book, 36 plates, 4to.
4. The English Annual, 14 plates, 8vo. morocco.
5. The Juvenile Scrap Book, 46 plates, 8vo.
6. Fisher's Oriental Keepsake, 41 plates, 4to.
7. Jennings's Landscape Annual, 21 plates, Svo. morocco.
8. Gage d'Amitie, or Midland County Tourist, 73 plates.
9. Italy, France, and Switzerland, 2 vols. 4to.
10. Christian Keepsake, 16 plates, 8vo. morocco.
11. Finden's Tableaux, royal 4to. morocco.
12. Heath's Keepsake, royal 8vo.
13. do. Book of Beauty, do.
14. do. do. Costumes, 4to.
15. do. Children of the Nobility.
16. Book of Flowers.
17. Tales in Prose and Verse.
18. Literary Souvenir.
19. Affection's Gift.
20. Forget Me Not.
dec 13 (Adv.)
Fr O PRINTERS.-The patrons of the late R. B. Spal-
S ding (Type Founder) are informed that they can now
obtain Types, &c., from that Foundry by applying to
dec 1-d3t&w3w Baltimore.

YMNS, selected from various authors, with a Key of
Musical Expression, by Samuel Worcester, D. D. Also,
Watts' Psalms and Hymns, with the preceding selection add-
ed. For sale, between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania ave.
dec 8 R. FARNHAM.
REPUBLIC OF AMERICA, designed for schools
and private libraries, fifth edition, revised and corrected. By
Emma Willard.
HISTORY OF ENGLAND.-Hume and Smollett's
celebrated History of England, from its first settlement to the
year 1760, accurately and impartially abridged; and a contin-
uation from that period to the coronation of George IV. illus-
trated by twenty-four pages of engravings.
thentic accounts of many remarkable and interesting events
which have taken place in modern times, carefully collected
and compiled from various and authentic sources, and not to be
found in any other work hitherto published-illustrated with
engravings. For sale, between 9th and 9th streets, Pennsyl-
vania avenue. R. FARNHAM.
7FHE subscriber has just received the following superior
Perfumes and Cosmetics, in addition to his stock, making
his assortment very complete:
Rose Tooth Paste
Saponaceous Compound
Rnc. ,.;. Un.. nq,

PASQUOTANK CO. N. C. Nov. 18, 1836.
Sir: Be not surprised at receiving this letter from an entire
stranger. Your Medicine is the cause and the apology I offer
in intruding myself on your patience. Having had a most vio-
lent attack of bilious fever this fall, I was induced, at the re-
commendation of a friend, to try your Pills, and, such was their
effect in relieving me, that I am desirous of procuring a large
quantity of them to use in my practice. What is your lowest
price for two hundred boxes ?
Since my recovery, I have recommended them to several of
my friends. Please answer this as soon as possible, and oblige,
Yours, respectfully,

NORFOLK, VA. Aug. 1836.
Dear Sir : You will please forward me one thousand boxes of
your valuable Pills by the first packet. I am glad to have it in
my power to say that your Pills sell rapidly, and give more sa-
tisfaction than any Pills I ever sold. Yours,

These invaluable Pills are for sale in Washington, by S. J.
andria, by WM. STABLER, C. FARQUHAR, and WM.
HARPER. In Georgetown, by O. M. LINTHICUM. In Bal-
timore, by MOORE, STABLER, & CO, No. 190 Baltimore
street; WHITAKER & BARTOL, corner of Market and How-
ard streets; G. BAXLEY & CO. corner of Howard anP Frank-
lin streets; G. K. TYLER, corner of Baltimore and High
streets; GEO. H. KEERL, No. 233 Baltimore street; J. F.
CLARKE, No. 130 do.: W. E. & JOS. BARTLETT, Calvert
street; RD. NORRIS, of Win. No. 254 Baltimore street; and1
may be had in almost every city and town in the Union.
ap 8-w6m
CATLETT have on hand-
100 pieces Ingrain Carpetings
100 pairs large and heavy Blankets
50 Marseilles Quilts
300 pairs small size Blankets for single beds
dec 11-3taw2w (GI & Mad)

'OTICE.-Proposals will be received at the office of the A MONSTER will be exhibited on Friday and Satur-
L' ompimlmissary General of Purchases, in Philadelphia, to 1. day next, tlie 22d and 23d instant, and during the Christ-
firnish materials for making ARMY CLOTHING for the year mas holidays, at WILLIAM EMMERT'S new Confectionary Es-
1838, and for sundry articles ready made, as hereafter cnumer- tablishment, on Bridge street, Georgetown, in tIhe shape of a
ated, viz. fine Plumb Cake, weighing upwards of 250 pounds.
Blue Cloth, 6-4 wide, dyed in indigo and in the wool. The Ladies of Georgetown, Washington, and their vicinities,
Sky Blue Kersey, 6-4 wide. desirous of possessing a part of this monster, are requested to
Unbleached Cotton Shirting, 7-8 wide. call on the abovementioned days, take a peep at and buy of it,
Flannel of Cotton and wool, 7-8 wide. as i: will be cut and sold by the pound.
Canton Flannel, 3-4 wide. \V. E. thankfuil for past favors, takes this opportunity of in-
Unbleached Cotton Drilling, 3-4 wide. forming the Public that he is at all times prepared to furnish
do. do. 7-S wide. balls, weddings, dinners, and other parties, &c. with all kinds
Bleached do. 3-4 wide. of confectionary, at the shortest notice, and will not be surpass-
Uniform Caps for I)ragoous. ed by any other establishment of the kind in the District of Co-
do. Artillery and Inflantry. lumbia.
Pompous, white. P. S. Aloo, on hand, and quite new, a handsome assortment
do. scarlet. of Dolls, and Doll heads, and other toys.
Hair Plumes. P. S. Ice Creams, Jellies, Cakes, Pyramids, &c. &c. will be
Bands and Tassels. sent to any part of Washington xr Georgetown.
Aiguillettes, (white and yellow.) dec 18-3t
Worsted Sashes, (crimson and yellow.)
Shoulder Straps for Artillery. A SINGLE Gentleman, or a Gentleman and Lady, can be
do. Infantry. accommodated with Board in a private family in a central
Brass do. do. Dragoons. part of the city. A note addressed to A. B. and left at the of-
'Epaulettes, Non-Commissioned, Staff, Infantry and Artillery. fice of the National Intelligencer, will meet with immediate at-
Forage Caps for Infantry and Artillery. tention. dec 18-eotf
(do. Dragoons. a_ FOR RENT.--Acomfuitable two-story brick house,
Laced Bootees, pairs. with back buildings and stable, situated on H street
Leather Stocks. north, near Seven Buildings. For terms, &c. apply
Woollen Half Stockings. to Samuel Redfern, opposite the Seven Buildings, or the sub-
Woollen Blankets, 61 feet long, 5 feet wide, weight four scriber. EDM. HANLY.
pounds. dcc 18--3t
Saddle Blankets.
Plates and Tulips for Draoon Cap OUSE WANTED.-A neat comfortable dwelling-
Plates and Tulips Pr Dragon Caps. House, in the central part of the city, near the Pennsyl-
Infrtary Cap rules, Plat and Tulips. vania Avenue, and between 3d and 10th streets, for the resi-
Fellinry Ax ates and caon.dence of a small private family. Apply to
Hatchetxes. dec 18-3t A. COYLE.
Drum is. A CARD.-SAMUEL M. CHARLES, Artist, corner of
Wall and Common Tents. 7th street and Pennsylvania Avenue, has returned to
Strapping Knapsacks. Washington, after an absence of a few weeks, and may be seen
Spades. as heretofore, at his rooms,
Worsted Binding and Cord of all kinds, and Prussian Lace. dec 18-dtf (Glo.)
(The quantities aid number of these articles will be deter- I- ICKWItK CLUB, in 4 volumec price $1 75 for the
mined hereafter.)B, in 4 volu price 1 5 fr the
Casks and C.soperage for one year from 1st April, 1838. dec 18
The whole are to be of domestic manufactured materials.
Patterns of all the required Cotton and Woollen Cloths and UNCH RAISINS, CURRANTS, &c.-
articles are deposited in the Commissary General's Office in 50 boxes Bunch Raisins
this city for examination. Samples of any of the Woollen and 60 half boxes do
Cotton Cloths will be sent to any manufacturer, on application 200 pounds fresh Currants Fe
to this office, (by mail,) and such information in relation to the 500 do Buckwheat Flour Fre from grit.
goods as may be desired. The Bootees are to be of eight sizes, 400 do Dried Beef
and the Caps of.five sizes. The sizes and proportions of sizes 200 gallons Bleached Winter Oil
will be stated in the contracts. On the samples and patterns 5 boxes Patent Sperm Candles
exhibited the contracts will be founded and inspections made; 5 dozen large sized Door Mats
and no article will be received that is inferior in the material 10 barrels Monongahela Whiskey
or workmanship, or that does not correspond in every respect For sale very.low, by JACKSON & BROTHER,
with the pattern on which a contract is founded. dec 18-3t Formerly Thomas Hughes's old stand.
The supplies are to be delivered at the United States Arsenal RESENTS FOR BRIDES-Elegant box, co
near Philadelphia, for inspection, in equal monthly portions, and ESE TS g embrOR BRIDES.-Eatin egant boxes, con-
the contracts are to be fulfilled on or before the 1st day of July, taining embrodered kd and satin gloves, and beautiful
1838. bouquet, got up in Paris, expressly as Presents for Brides,
The proposals must be in writing, sealed and endorsed, "Pro- are now opened at Stationers' Hall, the only place at which they
posals," and must reach the office of the Commissary General an be obtained in this country.
of Purchases on or before the 8th of January, 1838. dec 18 (Adv &Met) W. FISCHER.
Security will be required for the fulfilment of contracts. ARD CASES.-W. FISCHER has opened a very large
C. IRVINE, assortment of the handsomest Card and Needle Cases, of
Commissary General of Purchases. silver, pearl, ivory, and tortoise-shell, that has ever been offer-
Commissary General's Office, ed for sale in the city.
Philadelphia, Dec. 8, 1837. dec 18 (Adv & Met)
dec 12-eotjan.8 e 18.-[P ( E T Me -

%A.. PILLS, having stood the test of experience, are recom-
ment4ed to the Public as decidedly superiorto any combination of
Medicine ever offered to the American People. The proprietor
of these pills, being a regular bred physician, and having prac-
tised his profession extensively for many years in different cli-
mate! is enabled to offer to the afflicted invalid a medicine on
the effects of which he is willing to risk his reputation.
He does not pretend that they are a positive cure, or even
beneficial in every complaint, but he most firmly believes that in
all diseases where a cathartic or an aperient medicine is needed
they iil be found far superior to any of those drastic purgative
medicines which are so much puffed in the public prints as pu-
rifiersjof the blood. When taken according to the directions
accor4anying them, they are highly beneficial in the preven-
tion "d cure of bilious fevers, fever and ague, dyspepsia, liver
comp ints, sick headache, jaundice, asthma, dropsy, rheuma-
tism, enlargement of the spleen, piles, cholic, female obstruc-
tions, eart-burn, nausea, furred tongue, distension of the sto-
mach hd bowels, incipient diarrhea, flatulence, habitual costive-
ness, nss of appetite, blotched or sallow complexion, and in all
cases f torpor of the bowels, where a cathartic or an aperient
is needed. They are exceedingly mild in their operation, pro-
ducingieither nausea, griping, nor debility.
Wbhever these pills have been once introduced into a family
they be ome a standing remedy, and are called for again and
again, ihich is sufficient proof of their good qualities.
Perhaps no article of the kind has ever been offered to the
PuSlic, supported by testimonials of a character so decisive,
from seoaces as respectable, or that has given more universal
They have the testimony of the whole medical profession in
their favor, while not a single case of' ill consequences or ineffi-
ciency can be alleged against them.
Hundreds and thousands bless the day they became acquainted
with Peters's Vegetable Pills, which, in consequence of their
extraordinary goodness, have attained a POPULARITY UNPRECE-
DENTED in the history of MEDICINE.
The very circumst'-nce alone, that physicians in every part
of the Union, (but more especially in the Southern States, where
they haye long been in use,) are making free use of them in
their pr'tmitc, SPEAKS VOLUMES in thcI: praise. Add to this
the fact ihat all who use, iinvauiably recommend them to their
friends, nnd the testimony in their favor is almost irresistible.
As an alii-tili...iu remedy, and to prevent costiveness, they have
no rival One fifty cent box will establish their character, and
pro e thdli there is truth even in an advertisement.
Prepared by Joseph Priestly Peters, M. D. at his institution
for the cure of obstinate diseases by means of vegetable reme-
dies, No. 129 Liberty street, New York. Each box contains
40 pills. Price 50 cents.
That the Public may rest assured of the salutary effects of
these pills, and the truth of the above statements, the following
letters from medical gentlemen of the first respectability are
most respectfully submitted:
CLARKSVILLE, Mecklenberg co. Va. Feb. 7, 1837.
Dear Sir: 1I embrace the opportunity of expressing to you my
gratification at the success which has attended tile administra-
tion of your valuable pills in this section of country. It is a
common fault with those who compound and vend patent medi-
cines to say too much in their favor; but from what I have seen
of the effects of your Fills, I do not think they have as yet re-
ceived unmerited praise. Six months ago they were almost
entirely unknown in this part of Virginia, they are now the most
popular pills we have. In dyspepsia and sick !headache, de-
rangcenien of the biliary organs, and oustinate constipation of
the bowels', I know of no aperient more prompt and ellicacious.
Their mildness and certainty of action render them a safe
and efficient purgative for weakly individuals, and may be given
at all liuims, without any of those injurious consequences that
frequently esult from tie long continued use of calomel or blue
pi.ll. On t e whole, I consider them a valuable discovery.
Very respectfillly,

SNEW ORLEANS, Jan. 10th, 1837.
Dear Sir,' By the recommendation of Dr. Shepard, of this
city, w) i ima4.d mie that he was a classmate of yours in Yale
Collegif, ait tmk s\hose judgment I have implicit confidence, I
have been in uced to make a trial of your vegetable pills; and
the cor.sequemce is, that I am so well pleased with them, that I
am anxious to procure a large quantity to use in my practice. I
have always been opposed to secret remedies, from the fact
that, in ninety-nine cases out of a hundred, they are put up by
illiterate quacks who have no knowledge of medicine or of the
human system. But, from what I know of you, by the w'av of
Dr. Shepard, and from what I have seen of the effects of your
pills in cases of bilious and intermittent fevers, fever and ague,
dyspepsia, sick headache, costiveness and debility, I am con-
vinced that they are an exception to any thing,of the kind that
has ever been in use, and therefore freely give my opinion re-
specting them. They are well adapted to the diseases of a
Southern climate, and in a great measure will do away the ne-
cessity of using calomel or blue pill.
I have purchased four or five dozen boxes of your agents in
this city, for which I gave four dollars and fifty cents per dozen.
As lam a stranger to you, I will refer you to Prall & Ray,
N>. 83 Maiden Lane, New Yqrk, which, if satisfactory, you
will please send by the first packet five hundred boxes, and
draw on me at sight for the amount. A liberal discount will be
expected. Please get them insured, and oblige your humble
servant. CHARLES W. SMITH, M. D.
Dr. Jos. P. PETERS.

CHARLOTTE, N. C. Jan. Ist, 1837.
Dear Sir: I have made freqiicn: nse of your pills in the inci-
pient stage of bilious fever and obstinate constipation of the
bowels; also in the enlargement of the spleen, chronic diseases
of the liver, sick headache, general dcbility, and in many other
diseases, and in all cases found them to give relief.
J. D. BOYD, M. D.

MECKLENBERG Co., VA. Feb. 7th, 1837.
Having used Dr. Peters's Pills in my practice for the last
twelve months, I take pleasure in giving my testimony of their
good effects in cases of dyspepsia, sick headache, bilious fevers
Ind other diseases produced by inactivity of the liver.
They are a safe and mild aperient, being the best article of
the kind I have ever used.


COMPANY.-Notice is hereby given, that John G. Proud
and Francis H. Smith, of Baltimore, are appointed joint agents
for the Georgia Insurance and Trust Company, acting under
the firm of JOIN G. PROUD & CO. They are authorized
to make insurance on fire and marine risks, to name premiums,
issue policies, and settle losses on risks taken at their agency ;
and all such acts performed by them are binding on this com-
pany. Witness the seal of the corporation, and signature of the
President, in Augusta, Georgia, this 28th day of October, in the
year of our Lord 1837.

WM. T. GOULD, Secretary.


In pursuance with the above, JOHN G. PROUD & CO.
have opened their office opposite the Custom-house (up stairs)
and are prepared to issue policies between 9 A. M. and 5 P. M.
in all branches of Fire and Marine Insurance, on as reasonable
terms as can be had elsewhere. They hereby pledge them-
selves that all claims shall be adjusted promptly within the pe-
riod limited by the policies, or sooner, if the nature of the case
will justify it; they being invested with full authority for that
The following extract of a letter from the Secretary of the
Company will, doubtless, be perfectly satisfactory as to the
ability of the company punctually to meet all their engage-
ments :
The responsibility of the company is believed to be equal,
at least, to any similar institution in the Union. Our capital
has been increased to one million of dollars. Of this, $605,-
540 has been paid in actual cash; and for this amount, no

fare by the present route will be
seven dollars for each passenger,
instead of six dollars, as now charged, from Thursday, the 21st,
until March 1st, 1838. The price has been increased with the
hope of partially reimbursing the proprietors of the steamboats
for their expenditures in fitting their boats to resist ice, &c.&c.
The travellers may rest assured that with this small increased
price, the proprietors will not be able to cover their winter ex-
dec 19-6t J. WOOLFOLK & CO.

L GALABRAN, Confectioner and Restaurateur,
gives notice to his friends and the Public that he has
opir.ed a new establishment of that branch of business at the
corn r of 13th Street and Pennsylvania avenue, where he will be
ready to execute every order in his line.
As a Cook, he is proud to say that he will give satisfaction to
those wl*o will favor him with their custom.
Dinner, supper, or any parties where his services will be re-
quested, shall be attended punctually.
L. G. engages himself to supply those who will call on him
with every thing that can be provided in the season, such as
chickens and game of every description.
Pastry of every kind will be found at his store every day.
Also, any persons who would wish to have their dinners sent
to their houses, will be attended to.
dec 19-eo2w
-jO(R SALE.-The subscriber wishes to dispose of, at
IF private -ale, part of lot No. 5, in rsqare 253, situated on
F, between 13th and 14th streets, said lot fronting on F street 31
feet'6 inches and running the whole depth'thereof to a large
alley, together with a frame building thereunto attached. Any
person wishing to purchase said property will please call on the
subscriber at Mrs. Smith's boarding house, on Louisiana Ave-
nue, immediately opposite the Bank of Washington, where the
terms and conditions of the sale will be made known.
dec 19-3t GEO. W. SUTHERLAND.
-i.- A. WILLIAMS, 2 doors west of Brown's Hotel, Penn-
sylvania Avenue, has opened, this day, a splendid assortment
of jewelry, &c. ; among which are some suitable for Christmas
presents. His stock consists of
Gold and Silver Lever Watches
Splendid Earrings in sets
Mosaic, Filagree, and other Breast Pins
Gold and Silver Spectacles
Do do Thimbles
Gold and Plated Miniature Cas.,s and Frames
Gold and Silver Pencil Cases
Silver Card Cases of superior quality.
Together with a great many fancy articles, such as
Penknives of best quality, Head Dresses
Fancy Combs, and a great many others.
The handsome English set of Plate is still on hand, %itl the
addition of Tea, Coffee, and Cream Pots. Those wishing to
get a bargain will do well to call.
dec 19-3t (Globe)
S ed of the celebrated Bone Enamel, on gold, of George
Washington. This little Gem has met with general admiration,
being the work of one of the finest enamel painters known at
any period, and whose works since his death are much sought
after by various nations. It is the only one extant of Washing-
ton by Bone, after Stuart, who is known to have copied all the
celebrated portraits in Europe, of all ages and costumes, in his
beautiful and unfading style.
The proprietor, leaving for Europe, will offer it for inspection.
Also, fine Paintings by Paul Potter, Bingham, Carlo Dolci,
Rembrandt, &c. may be inspected until Friday, by inquiring for
Mr. WM. BRETT, at Brown's Hotel.
dec 19-eo3t
100 whole, half, and quarter boxes Raisins
20 drums Sultana Raisins
50 boxes Prunes
20 kegs and half kegs Raisins
10 boxes Citron
5 Frail Dates
10 bales soft-shelled Almonds
500 pounds shelled do
30 pots and jars of Grapes
20 kegs do
10 barrels Walnuts
5 bags Filberts
25 do Groundnuts
5 do Palmnuts
50 pots Olives
10 kegs do
10 barrels Cranberries
20 boxes Lemons
20 barrels Apples
10 kegs Tamarinds
10 baskets Sweet Oil
30,000 first-rate Spanish Segars
20,000 half Spanish do
Also, an excellent assortment of WINES and LIQUORS,
such as-
Madeira Wines, Pale and Brown Sherry, St. Julien, Medoc,
Port, Hockheimer, Claret, in casks and boxes, Frontignan, Vin
de Grave.
Brandy, Gin, and Old Whiskey.
Champagne, Star, Sun, Fly, Crown, Reillymouse, and differ-,
eit other brands, for sale by ...

LAND FOR SALE.-The subscriber will sell at pri-
vate sale the estate on which he resides, situated one
mile east of Bladensburgh, containing 221 acres, adjoining the
lands of Dr. Benjamin Day and Richard Lowndes. The situa-
tion is eligible and healthy. The farm is divided into four
fields,,and about 20 acres of good meadow ground, part of which
is well set in grass. The land produces fine crops of tobaccos,
corn, and all kinds of small grain; very susceptible of improve-
ment; clover and plaster act finely. The improvements are
a new two story Frame Dwelling-house, Kitchen, Smoke-house,
Corn-house, and Granary, with a good cellar, one Tobacco-
house, with two Sheds, and Stable. Also, a large young Apple
and Peach Orchard, of choice fruit, now bearing. There is a
sufficiency of wood and water. Also, a tract of Wood Land,
containing 60 acres.
Persons wishing to purchase a good farm will do well to call
and view the premises, as Iam anxious to sell, and a fair price
will obtain it.
nov 1-eollt JAMES P. MILLER.
the late residence of Benjamin Buck, in Baltimore
county, on Sunday night, 29th October, a negro man named
JIM, belonging to the estate of the said Buck; calls himself
JIM GETTINGS; he is about 38 years of age; 5 feet 7 or 8
inches high; stout built; black, and has a pleasant countenance;
no particular marks about him that are recollected. Had on
when he went away, a black cloth coat, and fulled livery pants,
and took a quantity of other clothing, principally of drab cloth.
Jim took with him a fine black MARE, about 10 years old,
14 or 15 hands high, with a star in her forehead.
Fifty dollars will be given for the recovery of the Negro, if
taken within the State, or one hundred dollars if taken without
the limits ofthe State of Maryland, with all reasonable expenseslif
brought home, or.lodged in jail, so that I get him again. And
twenty dollars for the recovery of the Mare.
nov ll-w4w Bel-Air, Harford county, Md.


T O THE PUBLIC.--The trustees of Charlotte Hall
school having succeeded in procuring the co-operation of
PHILIP BRISCOE, Esq. as principal, JAs. MILTIMORE, Esq. as vice
principal, and CHARLES A. F. SHAW, Esq. as professor of ma-
thematics in this institution, deem it a due which they owe the
institution to inform the Public, and all friends of literature, that
this happy arrangement has been effected, and will be carried
into effect on the 1st day of January, 1838.
The high moral and intellectual standing of those gentlemen,
universally acknowledged, needs no commendation, and pecu-
liarly fits them-for the duties of a public institution, where the
moral as well as intellectual character of the mind is to be
The fullest course of classical as well as mathematical studies
is taught in this institution.
LYNE SHACKLEFORD, Esq. is steward of the institution, and
every effort of his will be exerted to advance the comfort, and
promote, by a laudable example, the moral character of his
The location is peculiarly healthy, and the terms very mode-
rate, viz.
Board per annum, bed and bedding furnished $100 00
Same, where bed and beddingis furnished by the pupil 95 00
Tuition for the classics and the higher branches of
mathematics, per quarter 7 00
Same for the lower branches of an English education,
per quarter 4 50
Each to be paid quarterly in advance.
All these favorable circumstances combining in this institu-
tion, the trustees feel fully justified in recommending it to the
patronage of the Public, in the hope and confident expectation
that genius and intellect may not remain uncultivated and unim-
proved with so efficient a means of improvement within the
reach of all.
There is attached to this institution a select classical, mathe-
matical, and belles lettres library.
Pres't of the Board of Trusstees of Ch. Hall school.
Test: C. C. EGERTON,
nov 14-lawt24thjan (Globe) Register.
Charles County, set.
O N application to me, the subscriber, Chief Judge of the
Orphans' Court of Charles county, (in the recess of
Charles County Court,) by the petition, in writing, of Dennis
Nalley, of said county, praying for the benefit of the Act of
Assembly for the relief of insolvent debtors, and .the supple-
ments thereto, a schedule of his property and a list of his cre-
ditors, on oath, being annexed to his petition, and being satis-
fied that he has resided in the State of Maryland two years
immediately previous to his application, and having also stated
that he is unable to pay his debts, and that he is now confined
in jail for the same, do hereby order and adjudge that the said
Dennis Nalley be discharged from custody, and that he give
notice published in some newspaper once a week for two
months successively, in the District of Columbia, to his credit-
ors, to appear before Charles County Court on the third Mon-
day in March next, for the purpose of recommending a trustee



~~~ ~^.-CI)-PL~--DI~II~I~_____ ~~y ~ L-~-D~ I~C _--~L~I --

will be opened again on the 15lh of January next, under
the superintendence of its present Principal, Mr. C. A. LEWIS.
The course of instruction will be extensive, embracing the
Latin, Greek, and French languages, History, Mathematics,
the theory and practice of Surveying, the elements of Chem-
istry, and Natural Philosophy; together with those branches
which constitute a good English education. In the discharge
of the laborious duties of his station, the principal will be aided
by his present assistant, Mr. BUCKNER, and also by Mr. VAW
DOREW, a graduate of Princeton College, and highly recom-
mended by the Faculty of that institution. The discipline of
the school, though strict, will be parental and affectionate, and
every exertion used to promote the moral and intellectual cul-
ture of those committed to its care. The superior advantages
of this institution, as a suitable place for the instruction of youth,
are well known to the Public. The whole expense, including
board, tuition, washing, &c. with the exception of bed, bedding,
towels, and candles, will be $120; for bed and bedding, if fur.
nished, the charge will be $6.
Letters addressed to the Principal, at the Rappahannock
Academy, will receive prompt attention.
JOHN TAYLOR, Jr. Trustees.
dec 16-2awlmo
Eight Hundred Dollars Reward.-Ran away from
the subscribers, living in Loudoun county, Virginia, near Mid-
dleburg, on the 11th day of November last, negro man named
ABRAHAM, about 40 years of age, upwards of six feet high,
thin visage, and small chest, small whiskers, high up near the
hair, dark yellow complexion, no flesh marks recollected.
Had on when he eloped, a full suit of drab fulled linsey, white
round-crowned wool hat, but may have charged them as he had
other clothing. He is a rough shoemaker, and may endeavor to
procure employment as such.
Also, negro JOHN, about 18 years of age, about five feet four
inches high, stout made. He also had on when he ran' away a
full suit of drab pulled linsey, but stole a blue close coat, which he
took with him ; he wore a black hair cap; wide between the
front teeth,.bushy hair.
Also, negro LYDIA, about 45 years of age, dark com-
plexion, of ordinary height, but rather stoutly made. Took with
her a variety of clothing not recollected; wore a large old-fash-
ioned straw bonnet, with a green veil; one of her eyes rather
smaller than the other, which one, however, not recollected.
She also took her two children, the youngest a boy about
three years ofage, dark yellow complexion; the eldest a girl
about five years of age, rather darker than the boy.
Said negroes stole three mares, on which they eloped, one of
them a small light bay mare, white face, four white feet, about
15 hands high, about ten years of age, paces finely, and carries
her tail very much one side, rarely ever trots or alters her gait.
They alo took a black mare, about eight years old, about 15
hands 1 inch high,mtrots and walks well, and carries her tail a
little one side, and had two saddle sores on the right side of her
back. Also, a dark bay mare, about ten years old, about 16
hands high, no mark recollected, but carries her inane on the
left side.
The above reward will be given for the negroes and horses;
or seven hundred dollars for the negroes alone; or two hundred
and fifty dollars for either of the men, secured in any jail so that
they can be recovered.
The foregoing described negroes were seen on the road lead-
ing from Rockville, Md. to Westminster. They doubtless have
parted with the horses, and have continued on afoot. The fore-
going reward will be paid as above mentioned, with all reason-
able charges, if brought to us.

I WORSES F01 SALE.-Four first-rate Riding Horses
will be disposed of on reasonable terms, if applied for
For further particulars apply at Brown's Bar. dec 19-3t
dissolved partnership, would request all persons indebted
to them to make immediate payment, otherwise their accounts
will be placed in the hands of an officer for collection.
dec 16-2t WM. MOCKBEE.
V.THE INDIANS.-The Aboriginal Port Folio, contain-
A ing about sixty portraits of the principal chiefs and head
men of the WVinnebagoes, Chippeways, Sioux, Sacs and Foxes,
Pottawatamies, Miamies and other tribes, which form a valuable.
collection of pictures, well worthy of preservation.
For sale by KENNEDY & ELLIOTT,
dec 18-3t In the Athenteum.
C OLD CREAM.-Superior Cold Cream, for softening
and beautifying the skin, and preventing it from chap-
ping. The above is from the most distinguished establishments,
French, English, and American. LEWIS JOHNSON,
between 11th and 12th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
dec 18









dec 16-w3t

dec 19-eo3t

No4- 7756.


Mr. CALHOUN, Senator from South Carolina, took
his seat to-day.
The VICE PRESIDENT presented a report from the
Treasury Department, in reply to a Senate resolution of
the 3d of February last, in relation to certain abuses
charged by a letter of Mr. Dodge, in connexion with the
Also, a report from the Navy Department, in reply to
a resolution of the 13th of October last, in regard to the
condition and amount of the Navy Pension Fund, and the
number of persons on the pension list.
Also, a communication from the Commissioner of the
Public Buildings, in relation to expenditures, &c. Which
documents were severally laid on the table, and ordered to
be printed.
Mr. BUCHANAN presented the memorial of citizens
of the city and county of Philadelphia, commenting on the
ruinous consequences of an unsound currency, and pray-
,ing Congress to disconnect the Government from all banks,
and to establish the proposed sub-Treasury system. Re-
ferred and ordered to be printed.
Also, the petition of Joseph Morrison and others, pray-
ing the construction of a Macadamized road. Referred.
Also, from the Trustees of Alleghany College, asking
a township of land. Referred.
Also, two memorials from citizens of the city and county
of Philadelphia, against the annexation of Texas to the
Union. Laid on the table.
Also, a memorial from a number of citizens of Philadel..
phia, asking an appropriation for a new Custom-house.
Mr. WALL presented a memorial from twelve men and
thirteen women of Burlington county, New Jersey, against
the annexation of Texas to the Union.
Mr. PRESTON said memorials of this kind were very
numerous, and of much variety, with a view to force this
matter on the attention of Congress. It was well known
that they came from a particular quarter, and from a par-
ticular class of politico-philanthropists. Mr. P. would
therefore now give notice that he should feel himself com-
pelled to introduce a proposition for the annexation of
Texas to the Union, and that he should do so at a very
early day.
Mr. WALL said his only object in presenting this pe-
tition was to fulfil a duty which he owed to his constitu-
ents. He wished to avoid action nowpn the subject, and
therefore moved to lay the petition on the table. It was so
Mr. WALL presented the petition of 115 ladies of
Gloucester, New Jersey, praying the abolition of slavery
and the slave trade in the District of Columbia, and moved
its reference to the Committee for the District of Columbia.
Mr. KING called for the question on its reception.
Mr. GRUNDY moved to lay that question on the table,
but withdrew the motion at the request of
Mr. CLAY, of Kentucky, who said it was manifest
that this subject was extending itself in the public mind,
and was exciting more and more attention. His own opi-
nion as to the expediency of any legislation on the object
prayed for was well known. He thought Congress ought
not to do what was asked by the petitioners. But his
main object in rising was to ask the Senator from New
Jersey, or Senators from other quarters, where this subject
was agitated, whether it was confined to the object of abol-
ishing slavery in the District, exclusively, or was extended
to other objects; whether, in short, large numbers who had
signed petitions for the abolition of slavery here, had not
been induced to do so by the notion that the right of petition
had been assailed, aind with a view to assert what they be-
lieved to be their constitutional right. Mr. C. though it
became the Senate to consider well whether the course
heretofore pursued in not receiving the petitions was the best
one; and whether, on the contrary, the course formerly pro-
posed by an ex-Senator from Va. (Mr. TYLER,) would not
be best to satisfy and calm the public mind ; which course
was, to refer the petitions to the Committee for the District,
or to some other committee, and obtain from them a report
deliberately and fully discussing the whole subject, which
might be sent forth to satisfy the public mind, and prevent
any future interference on the subject. It was well worthy
of consideration, even at this late day, whether this course
was not best calculated to calm the public mind.
Mr. WALL said, that unquestionably the excitement
on this subject was greatly on the increase in the State of
New Jersey, not in consequence of sympathy with the ab-
olitionists in their main design, but because the People be-
lieved that the right of petition had been assailed. Mr.
W. was fully of the opinion that if these petitions should
be received, be referred to the Committee for the District,
and if a report oni the subject from that committee should
be laid before the American People, these petitions would
cease to be sent here. The People at large had no dispo-
sition to interfere with the rights of the different States on
this subject; their petitions related only to this District.
Mr. W. would-be happy if the suggestion of Mr. CLAY
should meet the approbation of those gentlemen who dif-
fered with Mr. W. on this subject. In that case the Sen-
ate would be no more importuned by his constituents.
Mr. CALHOUN said he did not believe that such a
measure would have any effect to stop these petitions. We
might as well attempt to stop a northwester with a straw
The cause which produced them lay deep, in a spirit ol
fanaticism, which disregarded Constitution, law, and every
thing else. There was but one mode of preventing then:
which was to meet them at the doors and keep them out
Mr. C. would yield thern nothing; they were interfering
with what they had no right to touch; and this was but a
preliminary step to something more; and if one point was
yielded, they would grasp at the whole. Mr. C. was ir
favor of no compromise; on the contrary, he would meei
them with a joint rule of both Houses, making it out o

order to present such petitions. He hoped gentlemen would
yield nothing. This was a question, and perhaps the only
question, that could destroy the Union. The great mass
of the People who were engaged in their private pursuits
were sound on this subject; but the rising generation was
imbued with a spirit utterly inconsistent with the security
of Southern rights. The progress of this spirit must b(
arrested, and arrested early. Mr. C. hoped the motion o
Mr. GRUNDY would prevail.
Mr. SWIFT said he had been entrusted with various
memorials of a similar character to this; and he therefore
felt called on to say a few words. When these petitions
were referred, as was the former practice, to the Committee
for the District, there was very little excitement on the sub.
ject. There was a great difference of opinion on the sub-
ject, some thinking that slavery in the District ought to b(
abolished by Congress, and others thinking differently
but from the moment that the petitions were refused, to thi
present time, the excitement had been continually increase
ing. And the petitioners were not the miserable fanatics
,which the Senator from South Carolina supposed; thej
were among the most intelligent and respectable of thi
community; and the Legislature of Vermont had adoptee
resolutions on this subject, instructing their Senators and
requesting their Representatives to urge the subject on the
consideration of Congress.
[Mr. CUTHBERT asked whether the Legislature asked
Congress to indulge the full right of petition, or to abolish
slavery in the District.]
Mr. S. resumed. The Legislature had asserted thE
right of Congress to abolish slavery in the District; bu
Mr.S. firmly believed that if the petitions had been refer
red to the District Committee, as formerly, for them to report
upon them, it would, in a great measure, have allayed thi
excitement. The most of the petitioners were not those
generally called abolitionists; and they would have proba
bly had no feelings on the subject if the former course o
referring the petitions had been pursued. Neither was i
a question of party in Vermont; but men of all parties
were engaged on the subject, and on this subject they could
unite. Mr. S. hoped the suggestion of Mr. CrAY would
Mr. ROANE, of Virginia, said, that warm, ardent
and strong, as were all his feelings, and fixed as was his
opinion on this subject, he should perhaps not have opened
his lips on ,the present most unexpected occasion, but for
the relation he happens to bear towards the Committee for
the District of Columbia, to which it is proposed to refer
this whole subject. It is one of vast importance, involving
the dearest rights and interests of millions of our citizens

on. No,S hbt en my life and my property are assailed,
I protect them not by argument and discussion.
Sir, the Senator from Kentucky (Mr. CLAY).has asked
whether the multiplication of these petitions in the North,
and the spread of feeling which prompts them, is not main-
attributable to a belief, on the part of the people there,
t the great right of petition had been invaded by the di-
tion which this body has given tothem for the last two
years ? He has been answered in the affirmative by the
Senator from Vermont, (Mr. SwIFT,) and it is utterly de-
nied that fanaticism constitutes any part of the spirit which
actuates our Northern brethren, in thus eternally stirring
a question which they must know is vitai to us of the
South. Oh no-it is not fanaticism, it is not humanity, it
is not philanthropy, but it is patriotism? it is only to assert
and maintain inviolate the great right of petition I per-
ceive, sir, that one of the petitions presented this morning
is signed by, 1 think, one hundred and eleven women. Al-
low me to ask when before, on what other occasion, on
what other great question, have the females thought it their
imperious duty to step forth as the asserters and champions
of the great right of petition. Allow me to believe, sir,
that such a motive constituted no part of their feelings,
never for one moment entered into their brain ; no, sir, it is
the false fire of philanthropy, so easily kindled in their
warm and tender hearts, and too easily fanned into flame
by fanatical, vile, and designing men.
No man, sir, in this wide extended empire, more dearly
loves, or would more sacredly guard, than I, the great, the
inestimable right of petition, as asserted and practised in
England, and thence engrafted into our own written Consti-
tution ; but, like all other good things, it is liable to abuse,
and has its limits; and I for one am bold to say, that the
subject now before the Senate presents a limit to this right.
The People have a right peaceably to assemble and peti-
tion-for what's To take away my riaht to enjoy "life,
liberty, and the pursuit of happiness?" No, sir; but to
redress grievances; grievances to which the law-making
power can apply a remedy or corrective. The petitions
must not only be sent to a tribunal competent to hear them,
but must relate to a subject on which that tribunal can le-
gally and authoritatively act. Sir, the People are occluded ;
they have occluded themselves; they are occluded by the
sacred compromises of the Constitution-the charter of all
their rights-from bringing this subject before Congress. in
any manner whatever as one of ordinary legislation. It is
in vain to say that this right of petition has no limits. We
have been told this morning, that we are the servants of
the People; yet we-this Senate, requires that every peti-
tion which is offered to it, shall be respectful in its lan-
guage, and decorous in its form. This, sir, is a limit; and
one liable to abuse; and why not, I seek to know, require
that they shall also be pertinent in their matter and legiti-
mate in their object ?
I ask gentlemen who are so sensitive in their feelings,
and so latitulinous in their notions, about the right of peti-
tion, what they would do if a respectful" petition was
presented to the Senate, praying them to pass a law, di-
recting that, in future, each one of our twenty-six sover-
eign States should have on this floor but one, instead of two
Senators, as guarantied, ay, compromised, by the Consti-
tution? Is there a member here who would not scout
from this chamber such a petition, as going far beyond any
thing contemplated by the terms or spirit of our associa-
tion ? The right of petition, as secured in the Constitu-
tion, was intended to redress all grievances within the pale
of the law and the Constitution, but not to subvert either.
We are told, sir, that these petitions only relate to the
District of Columbia. Who, sir, that has at all looked at
passing events can for a moment believe this statement ?
Who can believe that the humanity, the philanthropy, or
the patriotism of our Northern brethren can be sated by
emancipating the few slaves who inhabit this ten miles
square? No, sir, this nondescript District of Columbia,
because of some plausible constructions given to certain
equivocal expressions about the exclusive jurisdiction of
Congress," has been adroitly made the nucleus around
which the abolitionists are to rally their forces for a con-
centrated movement on the States. It is here, sir, in this
District, that they wish to enter the wedge, with which
they would rend asunder this great and glorious Union.
Sir, said Mr. R. we have been told by the Senator from
Vermont that, on this question, there is no division of sen-
timent in his State; that on this only question, all parties
in politics, and all sects in religion, come together and
agree. Sir, let me inform that Senator, and the whole
SNorth, that the entire country south of the Potomac, with-
out any regard whatever to party, or any thing else, is as
firmly united as can possibly be the people of Vermont,
and will boldly face and defy the storm of abolition, come
When and -wh-nce it may. Gentlemen may talk as they
will about the right of petition, and all that, but the very
fact which the Senator from Vermont has stated, proves
Sincontrovertibly to my mind, that this question is solely
and wholly one of power and aggrandizement; to which
politics, religion, morality, and patriotism are all subser-
vient; I repeat, sir, that it is a struggle for power-- cannot
view it otherwise. I did not intend or expect to have said
so much.
Mr. PRENTISS said that he entirely concurred in the
representation which his colleaguehad made in relation to the
state ofpublic opinion in Vermont. He had no doubt that the
public mind had become much more agitated, and that the
number of those disposed to favor the views of the petition-
ers had greatly increased within a year or two past; and
lie had as little doubt that the increased excitement on the
. subject, and consequent accession of strength to the aboli-
tionists, as they were called, had arisen, in no inconsider-
_ able degree, from the course which had been pursued in
this and the other House in relation to thepetitions which
had been presented to Congress. How had the petitions been
f treated here? At one time they were received, and then
the prayer rejected instanter, without a hearing, without
consideration. This mere formal reception, followed with
an immediate and instantaneous rejection of the prayer ol
the petitions, the People of the North had regarded as tri-
fling with their rights, as substantially a refusal to receive
s the petitions, and, consequently, a denial of the right to pe-
a tition. More recently the form had been changed. Now,
t a motion to receive was necessary, which was immediately

f followed by a motion to lay that motic,. on the table. Now,
I said Mr. P., to the plain common sense of the people of the
State he represented, this proceeding was nothing more
s or less than a refusal to receive the petitions. It was this
s infringement of a constitutional right which had done
s much to agitate the public mind. Many who had signed
Petitions were influenced mainly by that consideration
e Their purpose was to assert and maintain the right to peti-
f tion, and they would persist in sending petitions here unti
that right was fully recognized, by treating the petitions
s with the same respect as petitions on other subjects are
e treated.
s Mr. NILES gave the history of the progress of these
petitions in the Senate since he became a member. During
Sthe first session they were not acted upon, and, as he
Thought, very properly, because they were then connected
e with political considerations; but they were received with
Respect, and laid on the table. Since that time, though the
e objection to acting upon them had been removed, the pend
ing question, on motion, whatever it might be, was laid or
s the table, without the petitions, which amounted, in fact
y to a rejection of the petitions. The excitement, however
e was increasing very fast, and something, he thought, ought
d to be done in Congress to allay it. He was understood to
d be in favor of Mr. CLAY's proposition for this purpose.
0 Mr. STRANGE expressed his regret that this discus
sion had arisen : he regretted, also, to hear it asserted thai
I the abolition principle had extended itself: but he though
h that that circumstance was no sufficient reason for receiv-
ing the petitions in question. It might be, as it had beer
3 asserted, that those who were not fanatics favored those(
t principles, but for his part he maintained that the whole
- of the agitation proceeded from the mere spirit of fanati
t cism. As to the constitutional right alleged to exist, il
e had not fallen under his observation, upon a close exami-
e nation of the Constitution. [Mr. S. here cited the consti-
- tutional provision, Congress shall pass no law," &c.]
f This part of the Constitution (Mr. S. maintained) was
t not at all violated by the disposition made of these peti-
s tions. Congress was left free as to all petitions when
I presented. It had an undoubted right to exercise its dis.
I creation upon the merits of all petitions. It would be merely
farcical to receive the petitions, or to inquire whether their
Sprayer should be granted ; for there did not exist a single
s individual in Congress who was prepared to grant the
Sprayer of these petitioners. No benefit, therefore, whatever
r could result; whereas, great evils would flow from the
r agitation of the question consequent upon their reception.
r A great proportion of Southern People are excited danger-
Sously and fatally; thoughts are raised which otherwise
,would never be entertained in the South. With these

ejected; it was in either way tantamount to a total rejec-
tion: it was an infraction of the sacred right of petition.
-He (Mr. D.) did not doubt that this attack on the right of
petition had multiplied greatly the number of petitioners.
To call them all fanatics was most unjust; they were irri-
tated on to petition by the violation of their rights of peti-
tioning. Before war was made by Congress on the right
of petitioning, this excitement was not in existence; it had
been raised and created by the opposition, by the resist-
ance, and by the particular and invidious discrimination
made with respect to these petitions. So long as petition-
ers were treated respectfully, no excitement had prevailed.
Change, therefore, your course, said Mr. D., treat the pe-
titioners as other petitioners, receive their petitions, and
the excitement will be allayed.
As to the merits of this matter, no doubt Southern gen-
tlemen have come to their conclusions that the petitioners
have no right to come here, in a manner satisfactory to
themselves ; but if this be true, he would ask, would it not
be most expedient to meet them in limine, at once, and say
that they have no right, or else to give their prayer due
consideration, and give at least some reasons, if there exist
any, against the right which they claim ? They believe
that Congress has the power and control over this subject
in this District; and, if it be so, where is the impropriety
in their coming here ? Be their opinion right or wrohg, it
is their opinion and belief that Congress has the right and
the power and the duty of controlling this matter in this
Their prayer is reasonable, temperate, and just; it is
two-fold, 1st, abolish slavery in this District, or, if not, pass
at least laws to regulate in a better manner the slave trade
in this District. They disavow the intention of interfer-
ing with slavery in any of the States. Such a principle is
deliberately avowed in the resolutions of most, if not all,
the Abolition Societies in the North. They have no pur-
pose of interfering with the rights of the South. The do-
cuments they have published to the world prove this. If
their proceedings agitate the minds of Southern gentlemen,
that is their own fault; it is because they choose rather to
interfere with the Abolition Societies, and not that the
Abolition Societies interfere with them. But let us grant
even that the Constitution is totally silent as to the,right of
petition, yet who is there can doubt the right ? It is a so-
lecism in terms ; it would be absurd to suppose that the pe-
titioners have not a right to come before the Government
and demand their rights. Government is the servant of the
People, and it is its business to attend to the prayers and
demands of the People, its masters.
No case can be supposed to justify the rejection of the
right of petitioning. If men petition for only two Sena-
tors, as the Senator from Virginia (Mr. RIVEs) has sup-
posed a case, why, let them do so ? The right is not to be
put down on supposed cases of abusing it. The member
from South Carolina (Mr. CALHOUN) says, will you deli-
berate where your mind is made up ? He (Mr. DAvis)
would immediately answer yes !" It is due to the Coun-
try to meet this subject with deliberation, and to send
forth the reasons of our rejection of the prayer of two-
thirds of the population. But how can you do this, if you
refuse to deliberate at all upon the subject ? The course
Congress had hitherto pursued had created alarnm and
augmented excitement.
Mr. KING, in reply, observed that, on a former occasion,
he had been in favor of receiving these petitions; he would
now state his reasons for such a course. He considered
then as coming from a set of miserable fanatics, operating
on the weak minds of weak women in the North ; and he
was unwilling to assist such a miserable set to extend
their operations by giving them so much importance as re-
jecting their petitions. Their petitions were consequently
received, were referred, and they slumbered in the com-
mittee rooms, and were never more heard of. But Bow he
(Mr. K.) was sorry to find gentlemen coming forward and
telling Congress that these petitions, tending to the disso-
lution of the Union, ought to be received by tie Se-
nate. What advantage could arise from sending the peti-
tions to a committee, with an understanding neve4 to act
upon them ? As long as this matter was confined to a few
deluded fanatics, all was well. But now the politicians
have taken hold of it, those who look to high offices now
take up this question as a stepping-stone to their a nbition.
As to the assertion that the course adopted by C)ngress
in rejecting these petitions had increased the excitement,
it appeared not so to him, (Mr. K. ;) on the contrary, the
petitions then were tenfold more than they are now.
While politicians are fomenting agitation on this exciting
subject, still the People-the working men-ar'e opposed
in toto to the schemes of the fanatics.
But if the North will persevere, then we ll separate
from them. Let them but commence. here, a kegin in
this District, then are the foundations laid o.e estruc-
tion of the Union. Mr. K. did not wish toexc'e angry feel-
ings,but he much regretted the member from Kentucky (Mr.
CLAY) had opposed the laying on the table. He had hoped
that the question was here at least forever settled,. that no
more would have been heard of it; and now he deeply re-
gretted that this discussion had been carried so far.
Mr. DAVIS, in explanation, said he would not suffer
himself to be excited by any observations made in reference
to himself. He gav6 way to no one in a desire of main-
taining harmony; and his remarks were not made, as im-
puted to him, in the view of creating discord Hlie wished
the member from Alabama (Mr. KING) was better inform-
ed of the great respectability of the petitioners i if he (Mr.
K.) could butknow the real state of things in the North, he
would not speak so contemptuously of the petitioners. As
to politicians, Mr. D. maintained that until the question
came on here, no politics were mixed up with the subject
in any way whatever. It was a question of conscience, of
morals, of propriety; men of all parties concurred in these
petitions; there was no intermixture of interested politi-
cians, as the gentleman had presumed.
Mr. HUBBARD remarked that he was not aware that
any petition for the abolition of slavery in the District of
Columbia had ever originated in that part of New Hamp-
shire where he resided. He was certain that since he had
* been a member of the Senate he had not been called upon
to present to the Senate any such memorial. And, since

he had been a member of Congress, very few petitions in
relation to this subject had been forwarded to him from any
section of the State he had the honor, in part, to represent.
If such memorials had come hither from New Hampshire,
they must have been committed to the care of others. He
Swas assured that the prevailing sentiment with the people
of his own State was, to let this whole matter alone ; that it
Swas a subject with which they had no concern ; that it was
their bounden duty, as good and peaceable citizens, not to
l interfere with the rights of others ; that they regarded the
3 question of slavery as a sectional, a local question; and
However much they might regret its existence in any por-
tion of this Union, yet they well knew that its existence
e was sanctioned by the Constitution of the land; and with
the continuation of its existence in those parts of the Con-
federacy, they ought not, and they could not, with proprie-
ty, make any interference, unsolicited and unasked by those
whose interests were affected by it. These were the senti-
e ments of his own State; they certainly were, to a great ex-
tent, the opinions of the people of New Hampshire. He
I was perfectly aware that this was an exciting subject; a
Subject which addressed itself to the passions, the preju-
dices, the feelings of the community, and, he was sorry to
t add, it was assuming, as far as he understood its course, a
Political character, he would not say exclusively so, but it
would not be denied that a great proportion, a decided ma-
- jority, of those who professed to be abolitionists wereamong
t the opponents of the present Administration. This, most
t assuredly, was the fact within the limits of his own State.
e had said, with much truth, that this was an exciting
Subject, and nothing could tend more effectually to keep
e alive the excitement than this and similar discussions in
Either House of Congress. The public mind should be un.-
agitated, undisturbed, by any debate on this subject within
t this Hall. If the Senate should pursue steadily such a
course, in his judgment quiet and tranquillity would inevi-
tably be the result. The Senators from Vermont and Mas-
sachusetts have both said that the course pursued by the
i Senate for the last two years with reference to these memo-
- rials had tended greatly to augment the number and the
Szeal of the abolitionists. It may be so. He was not aware,
However, of any increased engagedness upon this subject
within the limits of his own State. He could not say to
r what extent the excitement existed on the other side of the
i Connecticut, within the limits of Vermont, and he was
D equally ignorant as to the true state of abolitionism within
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. For himself, he
Felt a pride and a pleasure in repeating that the feeling of
SNew Hampshire was to let this subject alone. He had,
Son a former occasion, very fully expressed his views in re-
lation to this matter. That occasion must be fresh in the
recollection of the Senate. It was on the presentation ofa cer-

constituent-that the very Constitution of our free and
representative Government presupposed the existence of
such a right in the People. That it was the duty of Con-
gress to receive all proper memorials and petitions pre-
sented in respectful language. And he also, on that occa-
sion, contended that it would be manifestly unjust to in-
terfere with the question of slavery in this District, un-
asked and unsolicited by the inhabitants of this District.
Since that time, the Legislature of his native State had
had the subject of slavery generally, and particularly
slavery as it exists in this District, under their considera-
tion. It was referred to a select committee, and that com-
mittee had made a full report, and had recommended the
adoption of certain resolutions. The report and the reso-
lutions of the Legislature of New Hampshire were before
him, and he was happy in adding that they fully sustained
him in the course he had previously pursued. Before he
adverted to those resolutions, he would say a word or two
upon the subject now immediately claiming the considera-
tion of the Senate. The question proposed now does not,
as he regarded it, at all interfere with the right of petition.
It does not deny that right; and, so far from taking any
such course, the Senate had, on another occasion, by its
express vote, asserted that right. The Senator from Ken-
tucky himself advocated the propriety of receiving this
particular petition for the avowed purpose of reference;
for the express object of drawing from the Committee for
the District of Columbia an argument against the prayer
of the memorialists. He has not said that a vote in favor
of the proposition of the Senator from Tennessee would
in effect take from the memorialists the right of petition.
But his wish seemed to be to get a report, an argument
against the object of this memorial. When the petition
presented by the Senator from Pennsylvania was under
consideration, it was ordered to be received by the vote of
the Senate, and the prayer*of the same memorial was, on
the motion of the same Senator, rejected by a vote of 34
to 6. The Senate received the memorial, it is true, and
instantly voted to reject it. His friend from Connecticut
(Mr. NIEs) voted with him on that occasion, and he was
well satisfied that that gentleman was as -much opposed to
the prayer of these memorialists as any member of this
He could not be ignorant of the views of that Senator.
He voted to receive the petition, and he also voted at the
same time to reject the prayer of the petition. For the
last twenty years, in both Houses of Congress, the course
pursued has been a very decided indication that the abolition
of slavery in this District, as petitioned for by this class of
memorialists, ought not to receive favorable consideration.
In both Houses these petitions had been committed to the
Committee for the District of Columbia. They had
quietly remained with that committee till near the close of
the session, when the committee had asked to be discharged
from their further consideration. These memorials had in
many instances been received and ordered to lie on the
table. In only one instance, according to his recollection,
within the last twenty years, had these memorials elicited
from either House of Congress a special report. And
that able report had been sent forth to the American Peo.
ple very recently. But it had produced no effect upon the
abolitionists. Within the last two sessions, the course of
the Senate has uniformly been, on the presentations of
these memorials, to check discussion upon them at once.
A motion has been made, or what was equivalent thereto,
that the memorials be not received, and instantly some
Senator moves to lay that motion on the table. The ef-
fect of this proceeding is to cut off debate, and that is the
whole effect of it. If the motion be adopted, the memo-
rial is necessarily received, and goes upon the files of the
The Senator from Connecticut objects to this course be-
cause he says it impairs the right of petition. He says he
would receive and then vote to lay them on the table, as he
would receive and vote as he has heretofore done to reject
the prayer. The course now proposed was in his judg-
ment no denial of the right of petition, nor was it any in-
fringement of that right. It was merely saying what the
Senate had repeatedly said, and what the other House of
Congress had repeatedly said, that this subject, presented
to their consideration as it was, ought not to receive the fa-
vorable action of the Senate. It was merely saying at this
time, under existing circumstances, the Senate deem it in-
expedient to act upon these memorials. This is all that
can fairly be inferred from the vote to lay the motion of re-
ception on the table. And in his judgment it was no more
disrespectful to the memorialists than the course which was
formerly adopted, viz. to receive and to lay on the table,
to receive and reject the prayer; and from the view which
he had taken upon this subject, he was unable to see the
force of the objections urged by his friend from Connecti-
Scut. The adoption of the motion proposed by the Senator
from Tennessee, cannot, in his view, be considered as
equivalent to a vote against the reception of the memorial.
As he had observed, if the proposed motion is adopted, the
memorial is received and placed on the files of the Senate.
The whole effect of this motion is, then, to preclude de-
bate; that the Senate deem it inexpedient at this time to
legislate on this subject; to lay the whole matter upon the
table, to do precisely in effect what the Senate has invari-
ably done with this class of memorials-to refuse to comply
with or to yield to the wishes of the memorialists. He would
now, in conclusion, ask leave to read tihe following resolu-
tions which were adopted by the Legislature of his own
State at their session in January, 1837:
Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Representa-
tives in General Court convened, That we recognize the con-
stitutional right of the several States of the Union to exercise
exclusive jurisdiction within their own limits, on the subject of
domestic slavery.
Be it further resolved, That Congress cannot, without a
violation of public faith, abolish slavery in the District of Co-
lumbia, unless upon the request of the citizens of that District,
and of the States by whom that territory was ceded to the Gen-
eral Governmnent.
Be it further resolved, That as the Union of the States
can only be maintained by abstaining from all interference with
the laws, domestic policy, and peculiar interests of every other
State, the conduct of those who would coerce our fellow-citi-
zens in other States into abolition of slavery, by inflammatory

appeals addressed to the fears of the masters and the passions
of theslaves, is in the highest degree censurable, as tending
to alienate one portion of our countrymen from another, and to
introduce discord into our sister States, and as a violation of
that sprit of compromise in which the Constitution was framed,
and a due observance of which is necessary to the safety of the
The first resolution was adopted with great unanimity,
and the second by a vote of one hundred and twenty-four
to twenty-one. And he verily believed that the result of
the vote upon those resolutions was a fair index of popular
opinion in that State as to the power of Congress over the
subject of slavery generally, and particularly upon the sub-
ject of slavery in the District of Columbia. According to
the sentiment of New Hampshire, it would be a violation
of the public faith to abolish slavery in the District of Co-
lumbia unless upon the request of the citizens of this Dis-
trict, and of the States by-whom this District was ceded to
the General Government. He fully concurred in this opi-
nion, and until there shall be such a request from this Dis-
trict, and from the States of Virginia and Maryland, com-
municated to Congress, any action upon the subject of
abolishing slavery in this District would be founded in
manifest injustice.
Mr. NILES, in explanation of his former remarks; said
he did not approve of crooked courses. The gentleman
from New Hampshire (Mr. HUBBARD) says that the peti-
tion is before us if we lay it on the table, and that so far it
is received ; and yet he says that, by laying it on the table,
the petition is rejected. He (Mr. N.) could not reconcile
this contradiction. He wished the petition to be re-
ceived, and he would like to have a good and wholesome
report from a committee of the Senate made upon it.
Mr. RIVES replied to the argument that receiving the
petition, and having a report made, would quiet the excite-
ment. Not so; this had been already done two years ago.
Then, in the other House, a select committee, composed
chiefly of Northern men, had presented an elaborate re-
port, and this had been so far from allaying the excitement,
that now gentlemen come forward and tell us that the ex-
citement is increased ; therefore it would be perfectly nu-
gatory to go round the same circle again. To him (Mr.
R.) it appeared that the most pacificatory course to be pur-
sued was to act as hitherto, and to lay the motion to receive
upon the table. This course he had recommended on a
former occasion, and he still adhered to that opinion. Mr.
R. repelled,the idea that this course involved a violation of
the right of petitioning. It appeared to him that the peti-
tioners would never be satisfied until they got a report in
their favor; he should therefore move again to lay on the
table, in hopes of silencing forever this ceaseless clamor.
Mr. PRESTON wished to say a single word. Once,
t-__- i .. ^ ^a r* r- t hri-bnr. qth i- nrrtitif m>n- t h h Va

go, tor the sake of peace; we gave an amnesty, we receive.
ed their petitions, and they are not satisfied. Now we say
" nulla vesligia retrorsumn," we must now go a step further,
instead of going backward, and do now, as ought to have
been done then, na:.ely,shut altogether the doors of Congress
against them. Has the South no sensibilities and preju-
dices to be considered ? Has the North only prejudices,
and feelings, and conscience, to be taken into considera-
tion, and have we none 1 If you consider their views, will
you not rouse us ? Will you not interfere with them, for
fear of irritating them; and shall no such regard be paid
to us?
But the period for argument with these people is past.
They demand you to adopt their principles .nd policy.
The discussion of these matters was not agreeable to him,
(Mr. P.) He thought that if Congress does not protect
the South, it will be obliged to protect itself. What the
South wants is peace; let not this question be let in to
light up the torch of discord. Mr. P. said he should not
resort to discussion, but to measures, to acts, for .the pro-
tection of the South. The South must be protected, and
he was disposed to do it quietly if possible; but, if not, he
would say, with great emphasis, we will protect our-
Mr.CUTHBERT said, as the subject had been consid-
erably discussed, he should confine himself to the remarks
which had fallen from several Senators; and lie would
confidently ask, whether in the history of great affairs, in-
volving the fate or the welfare of nations, it had not been
found as highly, nay, much more important, to adhere to
one course, than to change it even for a better. Mr. C.
thought it peculiarly so on this subject. The Senate had
been calmed in this case, by the uniformity of their course,
whether it was the best or not. It was no forced conclu-
sion, but the dictate of common sense, that perseverance
in the same course would quiet the country.
But there was another point, on which Mr. C. would
touch with perfect calmness. Mr. C. would not now-speak
of his regard to the Union ; the attachment of gentlemen
to the Union had been fully illustrated. But what were
they now told 1 That a certain mode of maintaining the
rights of the South would overturn those rights; that a
mere error, in point of order, was to destroy the rights of
the South. Was this language to be held, that Southern
rights rested on so frail a basis that the slightest error
would overturn them ? For the Union Mr. C. was not so
much alarmed as others; there was a disease in the bo-
dy politic, which would have its course; but the virus
would work out in time. This disease had been imported
from Europe, and especially from England. Mr. C. said
he was astonished at the remarks of a gentleman of so
sound sense and extensive information as the Senator
from Massachusetts, (Mr. Davis.)
Mr. PIERCE concurred fully with the Senator from
South Carolina, (Mr. PRESTON,) in the opinion that no
valuable end was to be obtained by discussion here upon
this deeply agitating subject, and he did not rise to partici-
pate in the debate, which had sprung up, as he believed,most
unexpectedly to every member of the Senate. He rose
merely to express the hope that the motion to lay the ques-
tion of reception on the table might not be renewed. He
was in favor of the reception, and that question he desired
to meet distinctly, and unembarrassed by any other motion.
When petitions of this character should be received, he
would be prepared to act upon them without delay : to re-
ject the prayer of the petitions, to lay them upon the table,
or give them any other direction that might be thought
best calculated to silence the agitators, and tranquillize the
public mind. As a member of the select committee of the
other House, of which Mr. PINCKNEY, of South Caroli-
na, was chairman, he had fully concurred in the sentiments
of the report presented by that gentleman at the first ses-
sion of the Twenty-fourth Congress; and further exami-
nation and reflection had only served to confirm him in the
opinions which he at that time entertained; but mad
and fanatical as he regarded the schemes of the abolitionists,
and deeply as he deplored the consequences of their course
upon all sections of the Union, he would give no vote that
might be construed into a denial of the right of petition,
and thus enable them to change their position, and make
up a false issue before the country.
Mr. CLAY said he would concur with the Senator from
Georgia, if the Senate, by persisting in their past course,
could produce the same calmness in the country which it
had done among themselves. But it was much more im-
portant that the country should lbe quiet than the Senate.
Mr. C. had asked whether the excitement had been in-
creased, and by what causes ; with the view to ascertain if
any thing could be done by the Senate to allay the excite-
ment, and render the People quiet and happy. The reply
was that the excitement was extending, and chiefly by the
impression that the great republican right of petition had
been assailed, which the petitioners chose to assert, by
acting with those with whom they really had no sympa-
thy. Mr. C. preferred that the two classes of petitioners
should be separated, to deprive the, abolitionists of the ad-
vantage of mixing their peculiar objects with other matters.
The petitions, Mr. C. said, were first to be received ;
but was this all ? Was not this understood to imply de-
liberation on the question ? The cold, simple act of recep-
tion, followed by an instant rejection, amounted to not re-
ceiving, and must give color to the charge that it is a
substantial denial of the right of petition. It had been said
that this was not a case for argument. Not a case for
argument! What was it that lay at the very bottom
of all our free institutions ? Argument, inquiry, reason-
ing, consideration, deliberation. We were a reasoning peo-
ple, and it was our greatest boast that we possessed rea-
soning powers capable of comprehending the various sub-
jects relating to a free Government. Mr. C. thought the
best course was to receive these petitions, and refer them
to the Committee of the District, to act on them as they
pleased ; and if the country should not then be quiet, let
them make a report, embodying with the argument the
various facts relating to the subject, several of which Mr.
C. enumerated. The consequence of this would be, that
those who were described as fanatics would be separated
from those who believed that the right of petition had been
assailed. The Senator fromVirginia (Mr. RivEs) had stat-
ed that this course had been taken in the other House.

But let it be taken by both Houses of Congress.
Mr. GRUNDY expressed his regret at the views of the
Senator from Kentucky. For two years past the Senate
had pursued the course of laying the questions relating to
these petitions on the table. During that time there had
been little or no discussion in that body; and it was the
discussion in Congress that was doing more mischief on
the subject than any thing else. If the coming in of the
petitions was to be prevented, how could it be done?
By preservingsilence upon them. Every time the petitioners
observed discussion in Congress, they were encouraged to
proceed; but if the Senate persisted in the course to which
they had some time adhered, their hopes would be cut off.
But if this course were now abandoned, they would say
that the Senate had been driven to change their ground,
and they would consider it as a gain on their part. And
could an abler report be made on the subject by any com-
mittee than that by the select committee of which Mr.
Pinckney was chairman ? And had that produced any
effect ? Gentlemen said no; the excitement was increas-
ing. And could the Senate produce any effect by a report ?
No; it would give the petitioners hope that they would
finally prevail. Mr. G. would vote to receive the petitions,
because he questioned whether a contrary vote might not
abridge the right of petition. But he hoped that for the
sake of teaching these people that this subject must not be
interfered with, they would be laid on the table.
Mr. CALHOUNsaid he believed that the course propos-
ed by Mr. CLAY was calculated the most of all to produce
an excitement. If a single step was yielded, the fanatical
spirit would be reanimated with new excitement; and
those, therefore, who so yielded, incurred a fearful respon-
sibility. Mr. C. despaired, as far as the Northern part of
the country was concerned on the question of abolition. It
was interwoven with the political condition of the North,
in the nature and state of parties ; and it would run, and
must run, in that channel, and develop itself in the arduous
struggle of the non-slaveholding Statep for political ascen-
dency. It was impossible to prevent its having a control
over the political parties of the North. In 1823 or '24, Mr.
C. had suggested to a Senator, not now present, that the
scope of these abolition movements was to give the entire
power over slavery to the Government. He, on the con-
trary, denied that the North were actuated by any such
spirit. But Mr. C. knew the North; he had resided
there five years. The great mass of Northern people be-
lieved that this Southern institution was radically wrong.
The result would be this : that abolition efforts would be-
gin with the lowest grades of society, and by gross misre-
presentations; but it would go upward and spread; and
Mr. C. told that Senator that it would drive men like him
nnt nf th, rnllnncils nfth rcnnntrv

to-day than it would be tomorrow, and delay would lea&t
it to proceed from worse to worse.
Mr. C. expressed these sentiments on' no section
ground ; he would prevent, by what he had suggested, the
destruction of the Union. The measure proposed by Mr.
CLAY, he thought, would fail of its object, and he consi-
dcred the reverse mode the best.
Mr. CLAY said he looked to the whole Union, and not
to any one part or section mmre than another. But he had
no such despondencies as the Senator from South Caroli-
na, as to the effects of the slave or any other conceivable
question on the Union. He had no fears for the Union;
but he had a desire to tranquillize every part, and give no
just cause of complaint to any portion. The question was
not the same as to slavery in the District and slavery in
the States. But what question was that in human affairs,
so weak or so strong, that it could not be approached by ar-
gument and reason ? This country would, in every emer-
gency, appeal to its enlightened judgment, and its spirit of
union and harmony, and the appeal would nAt be unsuc-
cessful. Mr. C. remembered that, when the public mind
was sick with discussions on the late war. he had said to
an illustrious man, now no more, We must stop this ever-
lasting discussion, this endless diplomacy; let us go to
work, and appeal to the valor of our countrymen to sus-
tain us; no other alternative is left us. But he replied, in
his calm and dignified way-Mr. CLAY, recollect our insti-
tutions rest on public opinion, on reasoning and argument.
Mr. CLAY had no fear for the Union; and if the Sen-
ator from South Carolina would propose a joint resolution
of the two Houses, that the man who expressed a doubt
in regard to its stability should be immediately called to
order and stopped, it would obtain Mr. C.'s hearty concur-
rence. The Union would last, he hoped, forever. Mr.
C.'sobject was merely to preserve the Union in its true
spirit, and separate fanaticism from those who were capa-
ble of listening to reason. -There would be no loss of
ground by arguing; and that cause was a bad one which
did not admit of reasoning ulpn it.
But ther9 was another recommendation to the course
which Mr. C. proposed; it would satisfy their own con-
Let us show our reasons, (said Mr. C.,) and then, if we
fail, we shall at least have acquitted ourselves of our duly.
The best course was that pursued by the Government
down to two years ago, in which these petitions were often
sent to the District Committee, and there allowed to sleep;
or, as was sometimes done, followed by reports. Let such
reports now go to the North ; Mr. C. knew sentiments in
favor of the Union were not less ardently felt there than
Mr. CALHOUN said there were cases in which rea-
soning and argument were both absurd and cowardly. If
a man should call him a rogue, should he stopto argue the
point ? There were things wnich were to be met not with
reasoning, but with instant indignation. Suppose a peti-
tion were sent here to burn the manufactories of the North,
would the Senator stop to reason about such a petition 1
Or that the property of the rich should be given to the
poor; would he reason about that?
The petitions proposed abolition in the District of Colum-
bia; but on what ground ? That Congress were bound to
entertain discussion on the subject, and to decide one way
or the other. But if they were bound to do so in re-
gard to the District, Mi. C. would ask the Senator if
the same rule would not hold in reference to the
States. Were they bound to receive petitions for abolition
in the States ? [Mr. C. waited for a reply.] If not, he
resumed, then the right did not exist at all. The univer-
sal sentiment with the abolitionists was, that abolition in
the District was the first step to abolition in the States;
Every abolitionist would say so. The first step would be
in the District; the next would be to destroy the trade be-
tween the States, making the slaves serfs to the soil; and
then an attempt would be made to abolish slavery in the
States. What, then, would be the situation of the South?
Congress would then discuss their right to property gua-
rantied to them by the Constitution; and the Southern
man who would permit it thus to be drawn into discussion,
sacrificed the rights of the South. Mr. C. was in favor of
the Union as much as others; but unlike the Senator from
Kentucky, he was not in favor of silence when he saw
danger approaching. To discern and to announce it was
the best way to avoid it. The North were not well in-
formed on this subject, and in this respect Mr. C. pitied
the condition of the North more than of the South.
Mr. CLAY remarked, in reply, that the Senator had
put extreme cases. He might just as well have supposed
the abolition of the Christian religion as the abolition of
slavery out of the District. But did he not see that his
argument went against receiving all petitions, as much as
Mr. CLAY's was in favor of receiving all without distinc-
tion ? The power of Congress to abolish slavery in the
District was believed to exist, and Congress *hdetermin-
ed, by their action, that it was right to receive pettions o
the subject. Was that to be confounded with a case
where Congress had certainly no power? /
Mr. C. regretted that they could not agree; his object
was to discover a healing measure, and he thought his
course the truest one.
Mr. CUTHBERT replied to the argument of Mr. CLAt,,
that it would be the simplest method to allay this excite-
ment, by receiving the petitions and giving them consider-
ation; and maintained that that argument was to be depre-
cated, for it would cause debate, and raise up a fury of dis-
cussion. Argument (said Mr. C.) teaches what it ought
to put an end to; it foments what it is intended to allay.
He solemnly appealed to the Senator from Kentucky to
maintain his character of peace-maker ; in former situations
he (Mr. CLAY) had been obliged to relent the severity of
his principles, and to compromise with the South; having
first been a grand disturber in his manufacturing zeal, he
had been forced to become a grand pacificator; he begged
him (Mr. CLAY) not to depart now from the principle of
Mr. WALL having introduced the memorial, would say
a few words on the subject before the question to lay on
the table was put. Mr. W. then proceeded to vindicate
the character of the petitioners. They were not, he obser-

ved, fanatics; they were reasonable, sensible and temperate
men; and though he (Mr. W.) did not agree with them,
and though he was ready to say that the prayer of the pe-
tition ought to be rejected, yet he was not prepared, as the
gentleman from'South Carolina, (Mr. CALHOUN,) to say
that his constituents should come to the door, and that then
it should be shut in their faces. The right of petition be-
longed to the People, and the duty of consideration and
respectful attention to all the petitions of all citizens of
every kind belonged to Congress, as a portion of the Go-
vernment; to the People belonged the right, and to the
Government appertained the duty of considering and at-
tending to that right. The right of petition would inter-
fere with no other rights. The South was not rendered
insecure in its rights, by granting to the North the enjoy-
ment of its common and natural rights. Mr. W. insisted
that resort should be had to reason and to argument, instead
of putting down the right of petition by violence and con-
tempt. It the South seeks to stop the mouths of the North,
and prevent petitions from being heard, by so doing they
raise a force and arouse an energy which cannot be put
down. The right of petitioning is a very different thing
from the abolition question, and it is this right which ia
now at issue.
Mr. W. entreated the gentlemen from the South not to
complicate this question, so important to them, by bringing
on to the other side the question of the right of petition, by
changing the issue, and setting themselves in opposition to
the most sacred rights of the People.
He (Mr. W.) had no desire to touch one hair of the
rights of the South; the petitioners felt the same, but they
thought Congress could and ought to interfere on the
question of the slave trade in the District of Columbia.
This was a question which admitted of argument, and
ought to receive calm consideration. He differed with
them on the question, but could not see how they could
be debarred of the right of being heard by their servants
and representatives sent here expressly to do justice to all,
and to maintain, not to put down, the rights of the People.
Mr. BUCHANAN did not rise to enter into the merits
of this question. He thought discussion on this question
ought to be deprecated. The subject was fully understood
Sby the People, and ,therefore required no further discus-
sion. He thought the discussion which had taken place
this day in the Senate would do great harm, and tend to
revive the subject with all its evils and irritations. Mr. B.
then referred back to his own course on this question;
which course he had since found no reasons to regret hav-
ing pursued. When, two years ago, he presented a peti-
tion from some of the Society of Friends, a society none of
whom, he believed, were abolitionists, Mr. CALHOUN then
objected to the reception of that petition. That gentle-

lug that laying on the table was no violation of the right
of petion.
Mr. GRUNDY here renewed the motion to lay the mo-
tion to receive the petitions on the table; which motion
was decided in the affirmative, as follows:
YEAS-Messrs. Bayard, Benton, Black, Brown, Bu-
chanan, Calhoun, Clay, of Alabama, Cuthbert, Fulton,
Grundy, Hubbard, King, Linn, Lumpkin, Lyon, McKean,
Mouton, Norvell, Preston, Rives, Roane, Robinson, Se-
vier, Strange, Walker, White, Young-25.
NAYS-Messrs. Allen, Clay, of Kentucky, Clayton,
Crittenden, Davis, Knight, McKean, Morris, Niles,
Pierce, Prentiss, Robbins, Ruggles, Smith, of Connecti.
cut, Smith, of, Indiana, Swift, Tallmadge, Tipton, Wall,
On motion of Mr. PRENTISS, the petition ef Garret
Tunnison, for an increase and arrearages of pension, re-
maining on file, was referred to the Committee on Pen-
After the presentation of some other petitions and me-
morials, (which,owing to the confusion in the Senate, and
the calls for an adjournment, could not be heard by the
reporter,) on motion of Mr. KING, the Senate adjourned.


CHARLES D. COFFIN, from Ohio, in the place of
ANDREW W. LOOMIS, resigned, appeared, and took his seat
Mr. CUSHMAN, of New Hampshire, moved that the
House again go into Committee of the Whole on the Pre-
sident's Message.
But the House refused to suspend the Rules for that
Mr. SLADE having on a former day presented two me-
morials from Vermont praying for the abolition of slavery
in the District of Columbia, and having moved that they
be referred to a select committee, and debate threatening to
arise thereon, the motion was laid over until this day ; and
the question on such reference coming up in order as the
first business before the I-ouse,
Mr. SLADE read one of the memorials, and then pro-
caeded to address the House at large in support of his
motion. Mr. S. having animadverted with some severity
on the course pursued in the House in regard to memori-
als on this subject, and spoken of it as reduced to a matter
of system, by an understanding which resulted in Southern
gentlemen invariably rising and moving to lay all motions
for the reference of these memorials on the table-
Mr. WISE interposed, and with some warmth repelled
the idea of any preconcert or understanding on his own
part (and he had most frequently made the motion to lay on
the table) with a single individual; and, so far from there
being a systematic arrangement among Southern gentle-
men on the matter, there was, on the contrary, a total want
of concert; and as tothe promptitude of the Chair in anti-
cipating such motions before they were completely uttered,
he would do the Speaker the justice to testify that never
had a word, or even intimation, passed between the Chair
and any Southern gentleman in relation to these motions.
Mr. SLADE disclaimed any personal charge either on
the gentleman from Virginia or the Speaker. The promp-
titude of the Chair was proper, and arose from a desire to
save time.
Mr. S. then resumed his speech, but had proceeded but
a little further; when
Mr. DAWSON called upon him for an explanation of
a remark he had made, that the course pursued in relation
to these abolition memorials would have mantled the cheek
of a British Parliament with honest shame and indigna-
-tion. Did the gentleman mean to charge that Mr. D. had
ever so acted in this matter as would mantle the cheek of
an honest man with indignation either in Parliament or
anywhere else?
Mr. SLADE said that he meant to give application to
the remark no farther than the language itself implied. He
then resumed; and having, after some time, concluded
what he had to say on the manner of treating these me-
morials, and what he considered as a more manly and dig-
nified course to be pursued in relation to the whole subject,
by referring them to a select committee, he proceeded to
the subject of the memorial itself, which prayed for the
abolition of slavery within the District ofColumbia. And
what, asked Mr. S., is slavery ?
[The CHAIR here interposed, and observed that Mr.
S. could not discuss the merits of the memorial on a mere
motion for its commitment. The question before the House
was the question of commitment alone; and to that Mr.
S. must confine his remarks. The motion for commit-
ment had been accompanied with no instructions: had it
been, the whole field would have been opened.J
Mr SLADE submitted to the decision of the Chair, and
forthwith modified his motion for the commitment of these
memorials to a select committee, by adding with instruc-
tions to report a bill abolishing slavery within the District
of Columbia."
Mr. WIsE inquired whether the motion, thus modified,
must not lie over one day .
The CHAIR replied that the memorial having been re-
' ceived, and the motion entertained for its reference to a
committee, such would not be the case.
Mr. SLADE was about to resume ; when
Mr. LEGARE, of South Carolina, asked leave to say
a word.
Mr. SLADE pausing--
Mr. LEGARE said he wished to implore the gentleman
from Vermont solemnly to consider what he was doing.
He supplicated him for the sake of his own constituents,
for the sake of those of Mr. L., for the sake of us all, to
pause and seriously to reflect before he took another step
on the ground before him. Mr. L.:'s constituents had not
directed him thus to interfere, but, as a man, as an Ameri-
can citizen, he would supplicate the gentleman to take fur-
ther time to consider. If it was true, as the gentleman had
said, that a spirit had been awakened on this subject which
could never be suppressed or chidden into submission,
when the most solemn and explicit contracts forbade its

indulgence, when the agitation of the question might in-
volve the fate of a nation, of a continent, nay, of the en-
tire world, let that gentleman be assured, (and he warned
him not in the language of defiance, for that he well knew
brave men every where despised,) but let the gentleman
be well assured that that spirit would be encountered by
another as incapable to the full of being repressed by any
human power. If the question must be forced upon them.
they were perfectly and promptly ready to take up the
gauntlet. Let him tell the gentleman most solemnly and
seriously that he had had occasion to look at the question
in as deliberate and philosophical a manner as the gentle-
man had proposed it should be examined in a committee;
and he had come to the conclusion that there was more to be
found in the systems of philosophy, and in the body of Chris-
tian doctrine against both property and war, than against
slavery. The gentleman might as well loak there for
grounds to advocate a community of goods, as to abolish
slavery. There had not been, for more than 1200 years
after the introduction of Christianity, the least possible
pretext brought from its precepts in favor of war, even
where no previous stipulation, as in this case, existed for
the preservation of peace. (Mr. L. spoke with great ve-
hemence, and we could, at times, with difficulty catch his
language; but the above conveys, we believe, the sub-
stance of his meaning.) Could gentlemen wonder that
Southern men were excited on this occasion? His con-
stituents had not sent him thereto listen to these things-
to hear, from day to day, the most worn-out common-
places brought up and reiterated in his ears-to hear all
that was vital to the safety of their firesides and the very
structure of Southern society vilified as an offence against
God and man. Net only was it wearisome and disgust-
ing beyond endurance, but he trembled at its obvious prac-
tical results.
Mr. SLADE resumed, when
Mr. DAWSON asked him for the floor, that he might
move an adjournment.
Mr. SLADE refused to yield the floor.
Mr. LEGARE apologized for having said more than he
had at first intended, when he asked his indulgence to yield
the floor for a moment.
Mr. SLADE resumed, and expressed his approval of the
gentleman's ardor, though he could not agree with him in
sentiment. He had proceeded for a few minutes, again
inquiring what slavery was? and was proceeding to define
it, when-
Mr. DAWSON again asked him for the floor; and some
agitation began to be manifest in the House.
Mr. SLADE again insisted on his right to the floor, and,
.. #_ ------ 4 ---.- A fn ni^ ^ .. x-.r r t- l ni

The CHAia pronounced the motion 6ut of order, while
a member was in possession of the floor and addressing the
House. He would, however, suggest to the gentleman
from Vermont, who could not but observe the state of the
House, to confir.e himself strictly to the subject of his
Mr. SLADE resumed. After he had proceeded sometime,
Mr. DAWSON inquired of the Chair whether the morn-
ing hour had not expired ?
The CHAIR replied that the restriction of one hour every
morning was confined to reports andi resolutions : but did
not extend to memorials.
Mr. SLADE went on for a considerable time longer, when
Mr. PETRIKIN called him to order.
Mr. SLADE called Mr. PETRCIIN to order for the inter-
The CHAIR declared Mr. SLADE in order.
He proceeded at length, quoting the Declaration of In-
dependence, and the Constitutions of several of the States,
and had got to that of Virginia, when
Mr. WIsE called him to order.
The CHAIR decided, from the rule, that Mr. S. could not
read any paper, if it was objected to by any member, with-
out the leave of the House.
Mr. WISE said that the gentleman had wantonly dis--
cussed the abstract question of slavery, going back to the
very first day of the creation, instead of slavery as it exist-
ed in the District and the powers and duties of Congress
in relation to it. Ie was now examining the State Con-
stitutions to show that as it existed in the States it was
against them, and against the laws of God and man. This
was out of order.
Mr. SLADE explained, and argued in vindication of his
course, and was about to read a memorial of Dr. Franklin,
and an opinion of Mr. Madison on the subject of slavery,
The reading was objected to by Mr. GRIFFIN, of South
The CHAIR said the papers could not be read without
Mr. SLADE. Then I send them to the Clerk-let him
read them.
The CHAIR said this was equally against the rule.
Mr. GRIFFIN withdrew his objection, and
Mr. SLADE proceeded to read the papers and comment
on them as he went on. He was then about to go back
and show what had been the feeling in Virginia previously
to the date of the memorial of Franklin.
Mr. RHETT, of South Carolina, inquired of the Chair
what the proceedings in Virginia had to do with the ques-
tion before the House ?
The CHAIR was about to reply, when
Mr. WIs rose with warmth, and said, he has discussed
the whole abstract question of slavery; of slavery in Vir-
ginia; of slavery in my own district; I now ask all my col-
leagues TO RETIRE with me from this Hall.
Mr. SLADE. Mr. Speaker, I do not yield the floor.
Mr. HOLSEY. I ask the Georgia delegation to do the
Mr. RIIETT. The South Carolina delegation have al-
ready consulted together, and agreed to have a meeting at
3 o'clock, in the committee room of the District of Colum-
The SPEAKER here said that the gentleman from Ver-
mont had been reminded by the Chair that the discussion
of slavery, as existing within the States, was not in order;
when he was desirous to read a paper and it was objected
to, the Chair had stopped him ; but the objection had been
withdrawn, and Mr. SLADE had been suffered to proceed;
he was now about to read another paper, and objection
was made ; the Chair would, therefore, take the question
on permitting it to be read.
[Mr. ROBERTSON, MI. RHETT and others, rose and ad-
dressed the Chair; a good deal of confusion prevailed;
portions of the Southern members were leaving the hall.]
Mr. RHETT rose to order. He asked if the gentleman
from Vermont had a right to discuss the question of sla-
very in Virginia ? He thought not; and he invited the
whole Southern delegation, from all the slaveholding
States, to meet forthwith in the' committee room of the
The SPEAKER again recapitulated and vindicated the
correctness of his own course, as being dictated by the rules
of the House; what his personal feelings had been might
easily be conjectured; had it been in his power to restrain
the discussion, he should promptly have exercised the
power, but it was not.
Mr. SLADE said the paper he wished to read was an
act of the Continental Congress of 1774.
The CHAIR was about to put the question on leave,
,Mr. WILLIAM COST JOHNSON inquired of the Chair whe-
ther it would be in order for the House to vote that the
gentleman from Vermont be not permitted to proceed ?
The CHAIR replied it would not.
Mr. McKAY, of N. C., said that the gentleman had
been pronounced out of order in discussing slavery in the
States; and the rule declared that, when a member was so
pronounced by the Chair, he should take his seat, and if
any one objected to his proceeding again, he should not do
so, unless by leave of the House. Mr. McKAY did now
object to the gentleman front Vermont proceeding any
[Much confusion arose; many members rising at once.]
The CHAIR read the rule referred to; and said that, as
an objection had now, for the first time, been made under
that rule to the gentleman's resuming his speech, the Chair
decided that he could not do so without the leave of the
Mr. SLADE said he had been permitted to read the pa-
pers he had read, and to proceed and comment on them.
He had been doing nothing for these twenty minutes past,
but by leave of the House.
The CHAIR directed Mr. SLADE to take his seat until the
question on leave should be put.
Mr. SLADE said he should not discuss slavery in Vir-
ginia, and he asked leave to proceed as in order.
On this question, Mr. ALLEN, Of Vermont, demanded
the Yeas and Nays.
Mr. RENCHER moved an adjournment.
Mr. ADAMS and many others rose and demanded the

Yeas and Nays on adjournment. They were ordered and
taken, and resulted, Yeas 106, Nays 63.
[Most of the seats of Southern members vacant.]
So the House adjourned.
Mr. CAMPBELL, of South Carolina, said he had been
appointed, as one of the Southern delegation, to announce
that all those gentlemen who represented slaveholding States
were invited to attend the meeting now being held in the
District Committee Room.

The following is a fuller report of what passed on Mon-
day last, when Mr. BRIGGS was excused (as we have here-
tofore stated) from serving on the Committee of Ways and
Mr. BRIGGS, of Massachusetts, addressed the House
as follows :
Mr. SPEAKER: A few days since my colleague (Mr.
FLETCHER) was excused from serving on the Committee of
Ways and Means of this House. The SPEAKER did me
the honor of appointing me to fill the vacancy occasioned
by his withdrawal. The circumstances under which that
vacancy occurred, which I deeply regret, seem to render it
improper that I should occupy the place on that important
committee. This, with perhaps one or two exceptions, is
the opinion of all my colleagues from Massachusetts.
I therefore, sir, respectfully decline the appointment, and
ask the House to excuse me from serving.
Mr. BRIGGS was excused accordingly.

Thhe following gentlemen compose the Select Committee
on the petition of Peter Yarnell and Samuel Mitchell, viz.
The following gentlemen compose the Select Commit-
tee on the petition of Robert W. Murphy, asking the erec-
tion of a monument to the memory of David Williams,
one of the captors of Major Andre, in the time of the Re-
volutionary war, presented by Mr. McCLELLAN, of New
York, viz. Mr. MCCLELLAN, of N. Y. Mr. CRAIG, Mr.

On Monday last, Mr. FILLMORE offered the fol-
lowing resolution, (accidentally omitted heretofore,) which
was agreed to:
Resolved, That the Committee on Roads and Canals be
instructed to inquire into the expediency of erecting a sea
wall, or embankment, extending from the pier at Buffalo
b-vh,%r sinn thp ah,,n.. nt thi fned .,C Lnk Vri- mifa:.;fvrnt

the falls of Nagara, and asking of Congress an appropiia-
tion to effect that object.
Also, the petition of John Robinson and 480 other in-
habitants of the county of Niagara, in the State of New
York, in favor of the same project.
By Mr. FOSTER: The petition of187 citizens of the
State of New York, living in the vicinity of Lake Ontario,
praying for the construction of said ship and steamboat
canal around the Falls of Niagara.
By Mr. CAMBRELENG: The petition of 180 mer-
chants of the city of New York, also praying for the con-
struction ofsaid ship canal.
By Mr. HOFFMAN: The petition of John H. Lord
and 283 other citizens of New York, praying for the con-
struction of said ship canal.
By Mr. C. H. WILLIAMS: The petition of Lucy
Williamson, praying for the commutation pay due to her
father, Captain Rains Cook, of the revolutionary army.
Also, the petition of Robert Marshall, praying for c )m-
pensation for a horse lost by him in the late war.
Also, the petition of sundry citizens of Shelby county
for a post route from Somerville, Tennessee, to Hernandez,
Also, the petition of sundry citizens of Perry county,
for a post ronte from Fayetteville, Tennessee, to Jackson
in the same State.

tLiberty and Union, now t nd forever, one and


We observe that our friend and ancient ally
of the Richmond Enquirer flatters himself that
the Whigs, in Congress and out of it, are about
to stake themselves on the question of a Bank of
the United States. As far as we have any infor-
mation, the worthy editor need not "lay that
flattering unction to his soul." Whatever ab-
stract opinion may be entertained of the expe-
diency of a National Bank, the WHIGS, we be-
lieve, have no idea of agitating that question.
They have other matters of more immediate con-
sequence to attend to. When they get through
them, and accomplish the necessary reforms in
the administration of public affairs, they may
probably take into consideration that question,
with others, which for the present may well be
postponed. Such, at least, is our own opinion
of that matter.

The first of the Letters from Florida which
we publish to-day is from an Officer of the
Marine Corps, who seems to have been so intent
on doing justice to his fellow-soldiers that he
omits to do justice to his own corps. The com-
mander of the Detachment of that corps, now
on duty in Florida, (Captain DULANY,) we learn
from other sources, was offered his choice to
remain in depot at Tampa Bay, or join the forces
in the field, and again, for the third time, enter
on the fatigues of a campaign. He chose the
field in preference to the larger emoluments and
comparative ease of depot service; affording, in
doing so, another exemplification of the efficient
character of this arm of the service.

We are requested by "A Soldier's Widow,"
to copy the following from a New York jour-
nal, and we comply with the request with great
pleasure :
Mr. EDITOR: Will you allow me a small space in your
paper for a subject which should interest every friend
to his country: I mean pensions. By the law of the
4th of July, 1836, the widows or orphans of those who
died from wounds received in the military service of the
United States receive the half-pay of their husbands or
fathers : while the widow or children of those who died
from exposure or any other cause except wounds, are ex-
cluded. Certainly those who have died from exposing
themselves, when their duty required it, are as much enti-
tled to a pension as those who were wounded in battle.
Both were serving their country: why, then, should the
widow or child of the one be provided for, while the other
may be pining in want ? I hope Congress will not let the
session pass without rendering justice to the defenders of
our liberties. FRANKLIN.

(' The proceedings of the SENATE, both of
Tuesday and yesterday, are crowded out by the
length of the proceedings of Monday, and the
pressure of other matter. We shall endeavor,
in to-morrow's paper, to bring up arrears. Cor-
respondents, we hope, will perceive our inabi-
lity, at present, to make room for their favors.

f We are requested to state that Mr. J. Q.
ADAMS has received the letter of Hancock,"
and will thank him for further communications,
as he may think useful.
New German Paper at Reading.-Proposals have been
issued by G. GETY, of the Borough of Reading, in the
State of Pennsylvania, for publishing a weekly newspaper,
in the English and German languages, to be called THE
Whig politics, and issued weekly, at $2 per annum.
MELANCHOLY.-By a letter received yesterday at the
Custom House, in this city, we learn the painful intelli-
gence that Mr. A. G. STEENE, one Of the officers appointed
by Government to survey the capes, and the keeper of the
S. W. Pass light house, Mr. GREERE, were both drowned,
on the 30th of November last. They were in a boat, and
in the act of crossing the south Pass bar, when a heavy
sea broke over the boat, and swamped her. Mr. STEENE
and Mr. GREERE sunk to rise no more, before any assis-
tance could be rendered them.- Picayune.
ST. Louis, DEC. 12.
THE MONSTER.-We understand that an agent of" the
Monster," the United States Bank, has purchased from
the State of MJissouri Bank the sum of one hundred thou-
sand dollars in specie, at two per cent. advance, payable
in checks on the United States Bank at Philadelphia.
Such is, substantially, the statement of the facts as current
inthe city, andof the truth of which weentertain nodoubt.
We do not mention this as a matter of censure upon the
Directory, but as a cue for the Locofocos to chew upon.
We see no propriety in the bank's hoarding her specie,
neither discounting nor extending her business on it. But
what will those whose visions are so blinded by the golden
humbug say to it ? What will that pink of the Locofocos
in this city-the Argus-which has taken the bank into
its special keeping; who looks with such pious horror on
every act of Nick Biddle and his bank; who has so loudly
denounced the United States Bank for shipping its specie-
say to this entry into the very citadel of the golden hum-
bug, and thus carrying away the very gods of the palace ?
A sub might have been tolerated by the Locofocos, but to
sell to Nick, to take his bank paper in payment, or, what is
tho camon to t ho rcchsE no his han L innmct h-a in th eoone


Nov. 22, 1837.
I do not propose to myself to give you any news of ge-
neral interest either in relation to the movements of the
Army of the South" or of the'hostile Indians," because,
shut out as we are on this point from all the world, (and
I fear the Indians too,) we know nothing of either, except-
ing as We hear of them by an occasional mail-boat or
straggling express. But we may note the doings of our
noble selves, and are not too modest to assure our friends
that no opportunity of innocent amusement shall pass us
unchbraced, even in this savage land.
You cannot but be aware that it has for months been
the premeditated plan of the commanding General to throw
troops into the heart of the peninsula, from points on the
borders, as far south as practicable, and thereby cut off
the final retreat of the enemy into the almost impenetra-
ble pverglades; and that to this end he directed, in the
latter part of October, that the battalion of U. S. Marines
serving in Florida should be sent to this point to establish
a military depot. Capt. DULANY, in command of the batta-
lion, arrived here from Tampa Bay on the 28th ult., and
by c(earing off about fifty acres of mangrove thicket, and
ptcleting in about two acres immediately on the point, has,
witl very-unusual labor and with no mean military skill,
foraicd a secure and commodious depot for the military
stoSs which may be sent here for that part of the army
operating in this district. Nature has done much towards
rendering this location peculiarly convenient, that is, pro-
vid l the anticipations of those who seem to know most
of te interior are realized. Sauiybel Island lies to the
sou ward of us, just five miles distant, while in our beau-
tifu bay to the westward and northwestward are nume-
rou4 smaller specks of evergreen islands, all of which
form a chain, completely landlocking us, giving us a com-
plete harbor, while across the bar, in our channel, our
transports carry eight and a half to ten feet water, and
within thirty feet of a storehouse on high and dry beach
we may moor in a fathom and a half. As I have said, if
anticipations grounded upon the best information it is pos-
sible to obtain, are realized, a steamboat of four and a half
to five feet draught Will ascend without interruption to the
rapids, as they are called, of Sauybel river, a distance, by
estimation, of more than sixty miles, which will lead well
into the heart of the country.
The gallant young soldier, Gen. SMITH, of Louisiana,
arrived here on the 13th instant, from New Orleans, via
Tamnpa Bay, with a promising corps of willing volunteers
from the State of his adoption. They number about 240,
and are only not soldiers because too willing to do their
duty, and dash into the field. The General, in the full-
ness of his patriotic spirit, comes up to the service of his
country mustered as a colonel; but, call him by what
name you please, and rank him in what grade you may,
he is the skilful, energetic commander still.

Extracts from a private letter of an officer of the
United States Army now in Florida, dated
FORT SMYRNA, Nov. 28, 1837.
I have only time to write you a short letter; in which
I will give you, as far as possible, all the information which
we have been able to obtain in reference to the operations
of the different corps of the Army. The plan of the cam-
paign is somewhat similar to the one adopted by General
SCOTT at the commencement of the war, though the the-
atre of operations is not expected to be the same.
A corps of upwards of.1000 men took the field more
than two weeks ago from Charlotte's harbor, under the
command of Colonel TAYLOR, of the infantry, to operate
to the south of the Indians. General EUSTIS commands the
centre brigade, and had already left Fort Mellon, in pur-
suit of the enemy to the south; and General HERNANDEZ,
with 500 regulars, and 600 mounted men, commands on
the east of the St. John's. Three different corps, in all
am oaiting to perhaps 5,000 men, will converge upon the
point here the Indians are supposed to be, and if they es-
cape us, they will justly be entitled to the credit of being a
hardy and cunning people, not to be intimidated, and very
difficult to be conquered."
The particular command with which I am will start at
3 o'clock, to-morrow morning, for Indian river, forty miles
to the southwest, where we hope to meet with the enemy.
Six hundred mounted men, and five companies of the 1st
artillery, under the command of Colonel PIERCE, will pro-
ceed to the designated spot by land. Three companies of
artillery, under the command of Lieut. MAGRUDER, will
accompany and co-operate with Lieut. MCLAUGHLIN, of
the Navy,who has charge of an expedition up Indian river
in barges manned by sailors, and well constructed for either
defence or attack.
It is supposed that this command will form the van-
guard of the Army, in ascending that river. We are very
much in hopes that it may fall in with the Indians, and
feel confident, in that case, that a good account will be
given of them. Tuskenuggce, one of Powel's chiefs, left
here four days ago, to hold a talk with Sam Jones, who,
since the capture of Powel, is the ruling spirit among the
Indians. He should have returned this day, and suspi-

cions are entertained that he will act treacherously. In
any case, I am of opinion that they will require all our
skill and activity either to make them surrender or to con-
quer them. If we have the good fortune to meet with the
Indians, I will give you the earliest intelligence of the

OTICE.-Dr. THOMAS has removed his residence to
14th street, in the house formerly occupied byDr. Huntt,
and again offers his professional services to the Public.
dec 21-3t
OAL FOR SALE.-On board schooner Margaret, now
lying at Mr. Riley's (steamboat) wharf about 45 tons best
White Ash (anthracite) coal, broken and screened which will
oe sold upon the most reasonable terms in lots to suit purchasers.
Apply to the captain on board.
dec 21-3t WM. VICKERS.
E LIGIBLE OFFICE.-A resident of the First Ward,
in the immediate vicinity of the Seven Buildings, is de-
sirous of renting his House and Furniture for the present ses-
sion of Congress.
The House is of quite convenient dimensions, comfortably
and tastefully arranged for a small family. The furniture to cor-
respond, and all to suit the immediate wants and uses of i. gen-
teel tenant.
The tei ms will be moderate, and made known by addressing
a line to N. M. 0. at the office of the National Intelligencer.
(to-morrow,) at 12 o'clock, I shall sell at my old estab-
lishment, fronting on Pennsylvania Avenue, to close consign-
2 half pipes Cognac Brandy
2 casks of pale Sherry Wine, very good
8 eighths and quarter casks of dry Malaga and Marseilles
Madeira Wines
3 pipes of Red Wine, hhd. Lime Juice
Boxes of Claret, Cordial, &c.
Baskets Champagne.
5 boxes Young Hyson Tea
1 chest Old Hyson
A quantity of Chewing Tobacco
3 bales Almonds
Boxes, half and tenth of boxes half Spanish Segars
Liquor Cases, &c. &c.
Also, a number of women's and boy's Shoes
And some fine ladies', ofmorocco, lasting, satin, &c.
The above articles will positively be sold without restriction,
to close consignments.


Extract of a letter from a gentleman of the first
respectability, in the northern part of Vermont,
near the Canadian line, to his friend in this
city, dated December 14, 1837.
I think the period has arrived, in which the situation
of this frontier, in relation to the affairs of Canada, should
be distinctly known to those who have the power to apply
the remedy. It is no longer to be disguised that in this
section of country, and, indeed, as I understand, through-
out the whole frontier, there is a strong disposition amongst
our people to favor the disaffected in Canada. So much
so that, after the battles of St. Charles and St. Denis, a
large collection of the insurgents escaped to Swanton, in
this State, opened a rendezvous under the eyes of the civil
authority, and there procured from our citizens cannon,
arms, ammunition, and other implements of war, for the
avowed purpose of forcing their way through Missisque
bay into Canada; that, thus armed and embodied, they
commenced their march in the open day, but were met and
defeated on the British side of the line, and the survivors
returned to Swanton, bringing with them the wounded,
and most of them have been there ever since, increasing
the excitement, until the citizens themselves have had a
meeting, and appointed a committee to purchase 1,500
stands of arms. I understand, also, that great excitement
exists at St. Alban's and other towns, and that a public
meeting ,has been held in the former, but of the result I
have not been informed. It is said, also, that the same
spirit exists at Plattsburgh, and other places in that section.
Now, in my opinion, nothing can be more puerile and
hopeless than this attempt of the French Canadian popu-
lation to throw off their allegiance to Great Britain. They
are entirely without means or competent leaders, and even
those relied upon are now scattered and taken prisoners.
Even if they could take Montreal this winter, Quebec
could easily hold out till the navigation opens, and then
the case would be equally hopeless; but they will be una-
ble, I think, to obtain a foothold any where."

GENTLEMEN : You would exceedingly oblige me by in-
serting the following in your paper. Yours, truly,
WASHINGTON, DEC. 19, 1837.
To the Honorable Members of Congress assembled in the
city of Washington.
GENTLEMEN: You have generously permitted me to lay
before you the truth of the everlasting Gospel, and illus-
trate that great truth as experienced by me during my pe-
regrinations from the Thames to the Oxus, to the Ganges,
the wilderness of Arabia, and the mountains of Abyssinia;
and I confess that I always rejoice to be permitted to prove
to the Gentile world, by my own example, that the Lord
has not cast away his people, for I also am an Israelite of
the seed of Abraham, of the tribe ofLevi And in order to
afford me proper opportunity, you have had the unexam-
pled kindness and magnanimity to grant to me the uwe of
that hall ii which you carry on the important affairs of the
greatest Republic of the world ; I say of a country which
is indeed a gem and a jewel on earth And, gentlemen,
permit me to say, that it reflects high honor upon your
character that you thought it worthy of the subject I was
to discuss to make such an honorable exception by grant-
ing the use of the hall on a week day !
Gentlemen, having received letters from the Right Hon-
orable Lady Georgiaria Wolff, my beloved wife, requesting
me to return to her to Europe, I cannot leave Washing-
ton without having previously expressed to you my most
unaffected gratitudeand obligation for your generosity and
kindness towards me, and it will be my frequent prayer
that our blessed Lord, the Lord Jesus Christ, who will
soon appear on earth to take possession of the kingdoms
invested with royal and sacerdotal power, may guide you in
your labors, and in all your counsels for the advancement
of His honor and glory, and the welfare of the citizens of
the United States! As I leave next Thursday, this Capi-
tal for Burlington, in New Jersey, and thence for New
York, where I shall embark for Havre de Grace, I cannot
avoid expressing also my affectionate regards to the People
of Washington, who have shown me so much hospitality,
kindness, and attention, and into whose ears I was enabled
to sound the words: Behold he comes in clouds descend-
ing, once for poor sinners slain!"
I have the honor to be, gentlemen, your most humble
and obedient servant, JOSEPH WOLFF,
Missionary to all the nations.

On Monday evening last, at her late residence on Gay
street, Mrs. ANN B. REDIN, wife of WILLIAM REDIN,
g^ The friends and acquaintances of the family are
respectfully invited to attend her funeral, at 11 o'clock on
Thursday morning.
In Richmond, on the 10th inst. Mrs. MARGARET
ANN WHITE, wifeof THOMAS W. WHITE, Esq. editor
of the Southern Literary Messenger, aged 43 years.
At his residence, Catoctin Valley, Frederick County, on
the 2d inst., ROBERT PATTENGALL, Esq. a native
of the Parish of Rannols, County of Norfolk, England,
in the 72d year of his age.
On the 23d ult. at Montgomery, Alabama, the Hon.
WILLIAM D. PICKETT, a native of Anson county,
N. C., and at the time of his death Judge of the 8th Judi-
cial District of Alabama.

On the 12th instant, RICHARD WATSON COLLINS,
youngest child of Rev. J. A. COLLINS, of Upperville, Vir-
ginia. A gem pruned from time, and grafted into the tree
of life, to flourish forever.

Sale This Day.
On Thursday morning, the 21st, at 9 o'clock, at Centre
Market, a fine saddle and harness mare, with an excellent sad-
dle and bridle.
IF Evening sales on Thursday and Saturday, of an unusual
variety of Fancy Goods, Watches, Jewelry, &c. &c.
dec 20-2t (Globe) Auctioneer.
.I ADAM GAUBERT, of Philadelphia, has the honor
1 to inform the ladies of Washington that she has just re-
ceived by the last Havre packet,
1 case of ready-made morning dresses, of chintz, of the new-
est patterns, from $10 to 815
1 case of do of watered silks, of various colors, suitable for
walking and evening dress, from $25 to $35
1 case of do embroidered crapes, for balls
1 case of do cloaks and pelisses, from $40 to $55
1 case of velvet toques and opera hats, and one of reps and
Also, turbans of rich blonde lace and of tulle, starred and
fringed with gold and silver.
Caps of rich blonde and thread lace, for dinner dress ; also,
morning caps.
1 case of fichus and neckerchiefs, a la paysanne, for even-
ing dress.
Ladies desirous of having walking dresses need only send
with their commands the length of the petticoat and the circle
of the waist; and the former for pelisses, cloaks, &c.
Madam GAUBERT has also a large assortmentof head dresses
a la Napolitaine, for young ladies, composed of ribands and
flowers, and numerous cartons of garlands and flowers, of va-
rious fashions and hues. dec 21--3t
C ON CORD ACADEMY.-The exercises of this sem-
inary for the year 1838 will commence on the 1st ofFeb-
ruary, and terminate on the 30th of November.
The price of board anti tuition, including washing, bedding,
and fuel, will be $100 for a session of five months, payable in
advance. The course of instruction embraces the languages
and sciences generally, and is designed to prepare students
thoroughly for colleges and universities. There are at present
a few vacancies, which it will be desirable to fill with youths
whose educations are intended to be on a liberal scale.
In announcing the intention of resuming the duties of their
vocation, the subscribers tender their acknowledgments to their
patrons for the grateful sense which they manifest of the im-
provement of their sons and wards. As to the general charac-


From Montreal we learn that-Sir JOHN COL-
BORNE, commander-in-chief of her Majesty's
forces here, has marched, with about 1,200 Re-
gulars, against the Patriots, near the Lake of
the T") Mountains. The Royalists say the
" Rebels" are in force there only 2,000 strong.
If so, the 1,200 Regulars will disperse them
without much difficulty. This is the only point
in Lower Canada where there is now any rebel-
lion. The Patriot leaders now in this country
will make a movement as soon as they can or-
ganize themselves, for the purpose of declaring
an independent Government. They all say they
were driven into rebellion; that they intended
no out-break now; that thus they are without
arms, or funds, all unprepared.
It is said at St. Alban's, Vt., that Mr. NELSON
has been arrested near the lines. He is one of
the men upon whose head a high price was set.
One of the banks of this city, the Phoenix,
resumed specie payments yesterday, on its bills
out-of which it has few, or none-but not on
its deposits.
Foreign Exchange to-day for the London
packet to-morrow is from 10 to 101 and 11, with
first-rate bills. This is a further fall. Bills are
dull, and the tendency is downward. The rate
of Exchange in Europe is now from 4 to 5 per
cent. below the specie par of Exchange This
will bring in specie in quantities upon us.
Domestic Exchanges exhibit the most unna-
tural state of things. On New Orleans bills are
at from 1 to 2 per cent. discount-on Boston,
3!-on Natchez, 18 or 20-on Philadelphia,
2J. Look at relative distances now, and see
what a charming regulator of the Exchanges the
State banks have been.
Treasury notes have a tendency downward
still further. (I hope Gen. JACKSON does not
.read the National Intelligencer now-for what
would he think of Jackson money five per cent.
below hard money par, and iths of one per cent.
below rag-money ?)
At the adjourned meeting in Buffalo, over
2,000 persons were present. Mr. MCKENZIE
made a speech, which, it is said, kindled the
greatest enthusiasm. The late rising, he said,
was premature, and a mistake. MCKENZIE
says nearly the whole Province is against the
British Government. Placards are posted up in
Buffalo, calling upon volunteers to assemble-
it is rumored, for an attack upon Fort Erie.
This seems almost impossible.

T O PUBLISHERS.-Wented a Situation as
Foreman, in some Printing establishment in the coun-
try, by one who can give all satisfactory evidence as to char-
acter and qualifications. A situation in the South or West
would be preferred.
As it is desired that the situation be a permanent one, it is
requested that the terms be explicitly communicated by letter;
as also such other information as might be considered desirable
to be known, before accepting an offer'of this kind.
Address M. N. Washington City. dec 21-3t
F OR SALE.-A two-story frame wilh a back building,
S situated on D street, near Mr. James Phillips. The
terms will be $200 cash, the balance in three, six, and nine
months, with approved security. Inquire of
W. C. has likewise a three-story brick for sale on moderate
terms. Title good. dec 21-3t
ER has purchased of Josiah Tidball ten Cattle, which he
grazed and fed, and which are said to be, by competent judges,
the ten fattest cattle in Virginia.
He will have them at the Cenae Market on Saturday morn-
ing, the 23d instant; and invites all lovers of good beef to give
him a call, as it is not often that such beef is offered for sale ;
and the prices shall be moderate, as he has spared no pains to
furnish them something fine for Christmas.
He has also received a few superior Muttons, which will be at
market at the same time.
dec 21-3t
r'RUSTEE'S SALE.--Valuable Land and Mill
Aproperty.--By virtue of a decree of Frederick County
Court, sitting as a Court of Equity, 1 will offer at public sale, *
at Unionville, Frederick county, Maryland, on Tuesday, the 2d
day of January, 1838, between the hours of 10 o'clock A. M. and
3 o'clock P. M. all the following described property, to wit:
A valuable Farm, containing 308 acres of land, by patent,
situated about one mile east of Unionville, and embracing in
said quantity 140 acres of good Timber and Wood. The im-"
provements on this farm are a large two story Brick Dwelling
House, together with all customary out-houses; also a large
Switzer Barn, and Stabling, and a flourishing Orchard of
choice fruit.
There are also on this farm a large and highly operative three
story Brick Grist Mill, with three pairs of burrs, all in excellent
order; and known as "Worman's Mill."
Also, a good Saw Mill. The dam from which the above
mills are supplied is very extensive and deep, and the supply
of water never fails in the dryest seasons. Both of these mills
are situated directly on the main road from Liberty to Baltimore,
and in a fertile and well-cultivated wheat-growing neighbor-

Also, will be offered for sale, on the same day, at the same
place, another three story Grist Mill, commonly known as
"Lugenbeall's mill," with 27i acres of land, situated in and
adjoining said town of Unionville.
There is on this parcel of land, besides said mill, two Stone
Dwelling Houses, and one Log Dwelling House; also a Log
Store House, and two Stables; all being a part of the said town
of Unionville. This tract will be sold in parcels or lots, to suit
The whole of the above is the estate of which the late Wmn.
Worman died seized and possessed.
The terms of Sale, as prescribed by the decree, are : That
one-third of the purchase money shall be paid on the day of
sale ; and the residue in two equal annual payments, to be se-
cured by notes, with approved security, bearing interest from
the day of sale.
In Possession of all. or any of the above property, will be
given to purchasers on the 1st of April, 1838.
nov 21-eots Trustee.
P UBLIC NOTICE.-This is to give notice that the
subscriber has obtained from the Orphans' court of Prince
George's county, Maryland, letters of administration de bonis
non on the personal estate of the late Major Theodore W.
Maurice. All persons having claims against the said deceased
are hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouchers
thereof, to the subscriber, on or before the first day of June
next; they will otherwise, by law, be excluded from all benefit
of said estate. Given under my hand this first day of Decem-
ber, 1837. B. J. SEMMES,
dec 4-law6w Administrator.
P UBLIC NOTICE.-This is to give notice that the
subscriber has obtained from the Orphans' court of Prince
George's county, Maryland, letters of administration on the
personal estate of Margaret M. Maurice, deceased. All persons
having claims against said deceased are hereby warned to ex-
hibit the same, with the vouchers thereof, to the subscriber, on
or before the first day of June next; they will otherwise, by
law, be excluded from all benefit of said estate. Given under
my hand this first day of December, 1837.
dec 4-law6w Administrator.
pi, are offered for sale upon credit.
nov 24-1m Chaptico, Maryland.
S farm called GREEN HILL, being that portion of the
Duffey tract which binds on the southeast side of the turnpike
road leading from Warrenton to Alexandria, 2J miles from the
former, and 40 from the latter place. It contains about 350
arpa. is well watered. has a good dwelling on it. and a mill

WASHINGTON, DEC. 13, 1837.
That merchandise or other commodities received at this
Depot for delivery in this city, or to be forwarded to Baltimore,
or to points on the line of the road, will, hereafter, be subject
to the following regulations, of which those interested will please
take notice :
1st. The freight and charges on all goods consigned to indi-
viduals in this city or its vicinity must be paid before their re-
moval from the depot.
2d. Commodities offered for transportation must be distinctly
marked, and be accompanied by a list, in duplicate, of the num-
ber and description of packages to be forwarded; the name of
the consignee, and of the party forwarding the same ; otherwise
they cannot be received.
The Company will not be responsible for damage arising from
leakage or breakage ; nor will they be responsible for damage
alleged tq have been received by any goods or commodities
transported by them, unless the claim shall be made before the
removal of the goods from the depot; further, if goods which
shall have been transported on this road be not received or
taken avway by their consignees or owners on the day of their
arrival at the depot, the Company will not be responsible for, or
pay any claims for loss or damage which may be sustained by
such goods; in other words, if goods as above described, be per-
mitted to remain in or on the cars on the railway, or at the de-
pot, one or more nights after their arrival, they will remain so
at the exclusive risk of the owners or consignees.
The hours for receiving and delivering goods will, until fur-
ther notice, be from 9 A. M. till 4 P. M.
dec 14- Agent.
FOR NORFOLK.-The stea-
V/_ -7. '. MITCHELL, will leave Washington
every Thursday, at 12 o'clock A.
M. arriving in Norfolk in due time for the Charleston steam-
boat, Portsmouth railroad cars, and the Richmond steamboat.
Returning, will leave Norfolk at 3 o'clock P. M. every Sun-
dgy. Passage and fare $6. (Globe & Alex. Gaz.)
oct 28-eotf

and after Monday next, the lth instant, the cars will
Leave the depot in this city for Baltimore at 9 o'clock A. M., in-
stead of 91 A. M., as heretofore.
The object of this alteration is to render certain the arrival of
the train at Baltimore early enough to afford ample time for pas-
sengers going North to take the steamboat, which now departs
daily fbr Philadelphia, at half past 12 o'clock.
The afternoon train will, as heretofore, leave the depot at a
quarter after 5 o'clock P. M. sept 8-d6t&wtf

he Newcastle and Frenchtown new laid railroad of 16 miles,
in superb and comfortable cars, conceded to be the most plea-
sant route iri the Union.
Through between Baltimore and Philadelphia in about 7j
hours, with perfect safety, ease, and comfort.
The Steamboats CONSTITUTION, Captain Pearce,
CHARLES CARROLL, Captain Chaytor.
^ ROBERT MORRIS, Capt. Douglass,
OHIO, Captain Jeffries.

One of the above steamboats leaves the lower end of Bowly's
wharf, South street, Baltimore, for Philadelphia, EVERY
MORNING, at 7 o'clock; as also will leave Chestnut street
wharf, Philadelphia, for Bdltimore, at the same time.
One of the above boats will leave same wharf, Baltimore, for
Philadelphia, at half past 12 o'clock, immediately after the ar-
rival of tie Southern cars, every day (except Sunday;) as also
will leave Chestnut street wharf, Philadelphia, for Baltimore, at
1 o'clock, immediately after the arrival of the New York boat.
The Morning Line passengers from Philadelphia arrive at
Washington, and those from Baltimore at, New York, the same
Th Af_4tYaoon Line passengers from Washington will ar-
rive at Philadelphia, and those from New York at Baltimore,
some evening.
Passage through, $4. All baggage at the risk of its owners.
oct 24-d2im T. SHEPPARD, Agent.
H. city of Washington, having resigned the appointment
held by him for.several years in thle Treasury and War Depart-
ments, has undertaken the agency of claims before Congress,
and other branches of the Government, including commission-
ers under treaties, and the various public offices; also, the pro-
curing of patents for public lands, prosecuting claims for servi-
ces'in the Revolution, and for Navy pensions, and generally
such other business as may require tire aid of an agent at Wash-
ington. He wil likewise attend to the prosecution of bounty
land claims upon the State of Virginia, and the recovery of
lands in Ohio which have been sold for taxes.
Persons having, or supposing the mselves to have claims, will,
on transmitting a statement of the facts, be advised of the pro-
per course of proceeding. His charge will be moderate, de-
pending upon the amount of the claim and the extent of the
He is also agent for the American Life Insurance and Trust
Company, which has a capital of two millions of dollars paid in,
and for the Baltimo e Fire Insurance Company.
Mr. F. A. DICKINs is known to most bf those who have been
in Congress within the last few years, or who have occupied
any public situation at Washington.
His office is on Pennsylvania Avenue, adjoining the buildings
occupied by the Treasury Department, and opposite to those oc-
cupied by tie Post Office Department.
g All letters must be post paid. july --dly

TEN, (late of Baltimore,) having made this city his perma-
nentresidence,and located his dwelling and office directlyopposite
to the Department of State, will undertake, with his accustomed
zeal and diligence, the settlement of claims generally; and
more particularly claims before Congress, against the United
States, or the several Departments thereof, and before any board
of commissioners that'may be raised for the adjustment of spo-
liation or other claims. He has now in charge the entire class
arising out.. of French spoliations prior to the year 1800 ;
with reference to which, inaddition to a mass of documents and
proofs in hif possession, he has access to those in the archives
of the Government.
Claimants and pensioners on the Navy fund, &c. bounty
lands, return duties, &c. &c. and those requiring life insurance,
can have their Lusiness promptly attended to by letter, (post
paid,) and thus relieve themselves from an expensive and incon-
venient personal attendance.
Having obtained a commission of Notary Public, he is prepar-
ed to finish legalized copies of any required public documents
or other papers. He has been so long engaged in the duties of
an agent, that it can only behecessary now to say that economy
and prompt attention shall be extended to all business confided
to his care; and that, to enable him to render his services and
facilities more efficacious, he has become familiar with all the
forms of office. teb 26-ly
JH1 S IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
Sheath obtained from the Orphans' Court of Charles
county, in the State of Maryland, letters testamentary on
the personal estate of Mrs. Juliet Hungerford, late of Charles
county, deceased. All persons having claimsagainst the said de-
ceased are hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouch-
ers thereof, to the subscriber, on or before the 1st day of June
next; they may otherwise by law be excluded from all be-
nefit of said estate. Given under my hand this 15th day of
November, eighteen hundred and thirty-seven.
nov 28-law4w Executor.

Charles County Court, sitting as a Court of Equity.
November Term, 1837.
Thomas W. Hall and Carter A. Hall vs. William V. Knott.
O RDERED, That the sale made and reported by Peter
W. Crain, heretofore appointed Trustee for the sale of
the property in the proceedings of this cause mentioned, be
ratified and confirmed, unless cause to the contrary be shown
on or before the third Monday in March next: provided a copy
of this order be inserted in some newspaper published in the
District of Columbia at least once a week for three successive
weeks before the said third Monday in March next.
The report states the amount of sales to be $376.

WB IN9 TORlM, Penniylvania Avenue, third
TV door West of 4j street, City of Washington.
-M. L. GITTINGS, has on hand a superior Stock of old
WINES and L1QUORS, consisting in part as follows:
20 dozen Reserved Madeira, very old and fine
20 do Burgundy do do
15 do Blackburn do do
15 do Murdoch do do
'I0 f- n... T ,l^

Grape Juicet

40 do Pale Lobo,

u d Uo
do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
Carera, Oldham, Gold,

&c. very su-

Brown, Lobo, Romano, Duff, Gordon's
Pure Grape Juice, Port
Otard, Iupuy & Co's Brandy, very superior
do Pale do do
Champagne Brandy do
Peach do do
Jamaica Spirits do
Irish Whiskey do
Monongahela Whiskey, 18 years old
Sparkling Champagne, Napoleon brand
do do Anchor do
do do Grape do
do do Harp do
do do Pints, Napoleon do
London Porter, Brown Stout, Scotch Ale, quart and
pint bottles

50 dozen Clarets, Chateau Margeaux, Leoville, Medoc, St.
Julien, Sauterne, White and Red Hermitage
25 dozen Marischino,Curacoa Liqueurs, Perfect Love,Cinna-
mon, Rose, Lemon, Aniseed, &c.
20 dozen Hock, Marcobruner, Hockheimer, &c.
12 pipes Madeira Reserved, Star, Burgundy, Murdoc, Black-
burn, Howard March & Co.'s Tinta, Grape Juice, &c.
very superior
4 butts Pale Sherry, Lobo, Carera, Oldham, &c.
4 do Brown do do do do
2 do Pure Juice Port
1 do Irish Whiskey, very old and fine
6 barrels Monongahela Whiskey, 18 years old
3 pipes Otard, Dupuy & Co.'s Brandy, old and fine
1 do do Pale do do
1 do Charante Brandy do
I do Champagne do do
2 do Holland Gin, Wesp, Anchor and Orange
2 do Jamaica Spirits
2 do St. Croix do
1 do Peach Brandy
Demijohns loaned, and goods sent free of porterage.
dec 4-dtf
r IHIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber has
Obtained from the Orphans' Court of Charles county letters
of administration on the personal estate of Thomas W. Fowler,
late of said county, deceased. All persons having claims against
the deceased are hereby warned to exhibit the same, properly
authenticated, to the subscriber, on or before the 1st day of
April, 1838; they may otherwise, by law, be excluded from
all benefit of said estate. Given under my hand this 21st day of
October, 1837. PETER W. CRAIN,
oct 24-law6w Administrator of Thomas W. Fowler.
the test of experience, are recommended to the Public as
a cheap and superior family medicine. When taken according
to the directions accompanying them, they are highly beneficial
in the prevention and cure of bilious fevers, fever and ague, dys-
pepsia, liver complaints, sich headache, jaundice, asthma, drop-
sy, rheumatism, enlargement of the spleen, piles, cholic, female
obstructions, heartburn, nausea, furred tongue, distension of the
stomach and bowels, incipient diarrhea, flatulence, habitual
costiveness, loss of appetite, blotched or sallow complexion, and
in all cases of torpor of the bowels, where a cathartic or an ape-
rient is needed.
They are exceedingly mild in their operation, producing nei-
ther nausea, griping, nor debility.
Prepared by Joseph Priestly Peters, M. D., at his Institu-
tion for the cure of obstinate diseases by means of vegetable
remedies, No. 129, Liberty street, New York.
Each box contains 40 pills. Price 50 cents.
For sale by S. J. TODD, C. STOTT, T. WATKINS, WM.
ington; and by WM. STABLER, C. FARQUHAR, and WM.
HARPER, Alexandria; and in Georgetown, by O. M. LIN-
THICUM. ap 8-eoly
one volume, price fifty cents, is just received. For sale
by F. TAYLOR. nov 29,
'EW BOOKS.-Potter's Antiquities of Greece, with
notes, by Thomas Boyd, LL. D., Glasgow edition.
Mechanics' Pocket Dictionary ; being a note book of techni-
cal terms, rules, and tables in mathematics and mechanics, for
the use of millwrights, engineers, machine makers, founders,
carpenters, joiners, and students of natural philosophy; the
Glasgow edition, just imported and for sale at GARRET
ANDERSON'S Book, Stationery, and Fancy Store, Pennsyl-
vania avenue, between 1lth and 12th streets.
VAUGHAN, 3 2 Walnut street.-The subscri-
ber has now in store one of the best assortment of Wines im-
ported into the United States, to which he invites the attention
ol dealers. Among them are some very Choice Wines, of a
high quality and character, not before imported.
Duff Gordon & Cos. SHERRY WINES, of various grades,
from the lowest-priced to the choice sorts, in hhds, qr. casks,
and halfqr. casks. From their peculiar good style and character,
fine condition (being fit for immediate use after a few days' re-
pose,) and range of prices, they are confidently recommended
as not inferior to any imported.
Phelps, Phelps & Laurie's MADEIRA WINES, of all grades,
in pipes, hhds. quarter casks, half-quarter casks, and bottles in
cases of 3 doz.
East India MADEIRA, of one voyage, in wood.
Splendid Old East India MADEIRA, of two voyages, in the
wood, bottled in London Docks, in cases of 3 doz.
Do do Peculiar ald nutty do do do in cases of 3 doz.
MADEIRA WINES, of same house, of all grades and sorts,
imported direct from Madeira.
Very Old MALMSEY MADEIRA, a very choice Wine, in
quarter casks.
Superior PORT WINES, Brumester & Brothers, in hhds.
and quarter casks.
WHITE PORT WINE, in quarter casks.
CHAMPAGNE WINE of highest grade, imported expressly
for his own sales.
CLARET WINES of various sorts, in cases of 1 dozen, low-
priced and medium grades; also a few cases of the most rare
and choice sorts.
SAUTERNE WINE in cases of 1 dozen-two sorts.
LISBON WINES, white, red, and white sweet, in hhds. and
quarter casks.
FRENCH and GERMAN WINES of a choice sort, to which
the attention of connoisseurs is invited.
Clos de Vougeot" SPARKLING BURGUNDY of the
highest grade, in cases of 3 dozen each.
White and Pink SPARKLING BURGUNDY of choice
quality, in quarts and pints, cases of 1 dozen.
LAFITTE CLARET a few cases of this wine, first growth,
vintage of 1825.
HERMITAGE, a few cases, Red and White, first growth,
vintage of 1825.
Just arrived fiom Rotterdam, per ship Hope, to which the
attention ofconnoisscurs is invited--
25 dozen sparkling MOSELLE SHARZBERGER, of vint-
age of 1834.
10 dozen still do do of vintage of 1831, the finest vintage of
25 dozen Sparkling Hock, EHRENBREITSTEIN, vintage of
10 dozen still Old Hock, RUDESHEIM, vintage of 1811.
10 dozen do JOHANNESBERG CASTLE, of the vintage of
1783-54 years old.
The above French and German Wines are of the first and

very finest quality, better than which cannot be imported.
Just landed, and in store for inspection and sale-
Four pipes of MADEIRA WINE, reserve wines, in 4 hhds.
and 8 quarter casks, of the vintage of 1820, 1821, 1822, and
Four cases of very old nutty, plain MADEIRA.
Eleven cases of very old Sercial Wine, each containing three
All Wines sold by the subscriber are imported by him, and
are equal (and many of them superior) to any wines imported
at the present day into the United States.
His stock is offered to dealers on the most favorable terms.
Importer of Wines, No. 32 Walnut street, Philadelphia.
j~iF Dealers at a distance may rely upon their orders being

executed with fidelity, as entire satisfaction will be rnarantiord

75 HE TOKEN FOR 1838, beautifully embellished
and enlarged to the size of Jennings's Landscape Annual,
and bound in a superior manner in goat-skin morocco; and, as
it regards mechanical execution, and its literary merits, far sur-
passes any of its predecessors. For sale between 9th and 10th
streets, Pennsylvania avenue. R. FARNHAM.
ponaceous Shaving Compound.-The proprietor offers
this Shaving Soap, as equal, if not superior, to any thing of the
kind ever offered to the Public. The-smallest quantity on the
brush, with warm or cold water, forms on the face a rich, per-
manent, and emollient lather, entirely free from any thing sti-
mulant, and leaving the face soft and pleasant. From its highly
balsamic nature, it will heal pimples, and the other cutaneous
affections so often occasioned by the use of bad razors, or strfinge
soap. Gentlemen who shave themselves are invited to try this
compound, which is neatly put up in a covered jar, answering
all the purposes of a shaving box. Price 50 cents.
The Saponaceous Compound is composed of ingredients so
admirably compounded, that shaving with it is an absolute plea-
sure."- U. S. Gaz.
The Saponaceous Compound is the best preparation extant
for shaving purposes; it is extensively patronized, and deserves
to be. The Compound is fragrant, and most effectual in its pur-
poses. Every gentleman who shaves himself should buy it."
-Philad. Gaz.
We beg to call the attention of the bearded portion of pur
subscribers to the Saponaceous Compound ; it is without excep-
tion the best shaving soap we ever used."-Phil. Trans.
The Saponaceous Compound for Shaving is one of the best,
perhaps the very best, of all the articles in use for scraping the
beard from the 'human face divine.' What with a keen razor,
and the Saponaceous Soap, you may shave your face in half the
time you are pronouncing the word. It is an anomaly in lan-
guage-it is a very good shave-and yet it is no shave.'-Bos-
ton Daily Times.
For sale in Washington only by LEWIS JOHfSON,
at his Tobacco, Snuff, and Fancy Store, between 11th nd 12th
streets, Pennsylvania avenue. dec 6
YRON'S WORKS.-The works of Lord B ron, in-
cluding the suppressed poems. Also, a Sket h of his
Iife, by J. W. Lake, complete in 1 vol. handsomely printed
and bound.
Cowper's and Thompson's Works.-The works of
Thompson and Cowper, including many letters and poems ne-
ver before published in this country, with a new interesting
memoir of the Life of Thompson, complete in one voluine.
The poetical works of Milton, Young, Gray, Beatie, and
Collins, complete in 1 volume.
The poetical works of Rogers, Campbell, I. Montgomery,
Lamb, and Kirk White, complete in 1 volume.
The works of Lawrence Sterne, with the Life of theiAuthor,
written by himself, in 1 volume.

N OTMCE-A general meetintetth o tcwkhbldears o the
SWashington, Alexandria, and Georgetown Steam Packet
Company will be holden at the Bank of Washington, on Mon-
day, the first day of January next, from 10 o'clock in the fore-
noon till three in the afternoon, for the purpose of electing Di-
rectors for the ensuing year.
dec 16-dtd W. GUNTON, President.
F OR RENT.-The dwelling-house and grounds of the
late Lewis G. Davidson, Esq. situated on the extreme
right of the heights of Georgetown, D. C. and comprising every
advantage most desirable in a private residence. The house is
substantially built of brick, and is of two stories, and spacious,
neatly furnished with garrets, having four large rooms on each
floor, with wing for kitchen, servants' rooms, pantry, &e. Sta-
bles, carriage-house, cow-house, and gardener's house, and
other offices, all of brick, are attached. The lot covers an ex-
tent of twenty acres and more, which is now under fine culti-
vation as garden, orchards, grass lots, woodland, &c. The pros-
pect from this residence, south, is perhaps more extensive than
that of any other part of the heights, while it embraces a very
beautiful northern view, of which all the others are deprived.
For terms, apply to R. R. CRAWFORD, on the premises.
june 10-dtf
L AND FOR SALE.-The subscriber will sell at pri-
vate sale all or any portion of the real estate of the late
Thomas Cramphin, remaining unsold at this time, consisting of
several farms in Montgomery county, Maryland, distant only
ten or eleven miles from Washington City or Georgetown.
Any description of this property is deemed unnecessary, as
it is presumed that those wishing to purchase would examine
for themselves, and they are referred for any further irforma-
tion on the subject, to Charles B. Calvert, National Hotel,
Washington City. GEORGE CALVERT,
sept 19-2awtf Trustee.
fHIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
-L has obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington
county, in the District of Columbia, letters testamentary on the
personal estate of John Peters, late of Washington county, de.
ceased. All persons having claims against tile deceased are
hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof,
to the subscriber, on or before the first day of November next;
they may otherwise, by law, be excluded from all benefit of the
Given under my hand this fourteenth day of November, 1837.
nov 15--w3w Executor.
clopedia of History, ancient and modern, forming a co-
pious historical dictionary of celebrated institutions, persons,
places, and things; with notices of the present state of the prin-
cipal cities, countries, and kingdoms of the known -world. To
which is added a chronological view of memorable events-as
earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, storms, conflagrations, dis-
eases, famines, inventions, discoveries, battles, treaties, settle-
ments, origins of religious sects, &c. By F. A. Durivage. Il-
lustrated by engravings.
The Treasury of Knowledge and Library of Re-
ference, parts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, containing an English Gram-
mar, English Dictionary, Universal Gazetter, Chronology and
History, Classical Dictionary, Law Dictionary, Dictionary of
Quotations, Million of Facts, &c. and American Biography, &c.
For sale, between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania av.
nov 22 R. FARNHAM.
This popular periodical, which has been received with such
distinguished favor in all the polished circles of the United
States and Canada, will enter upon its s'xth year on the first of
January, 1838. Two volumes are published annually, and each
being complete in itself, the first of every year is the proper
time for new patrons to commence their subscriptions.
As an evidence of the capacity of the Library to convey in-
telligence at a cheap rate, in the shape of books, it may be men-
tioned that during the current year it has contained five no-
vels, four biographies, five travels, numerous reviews, fifteen
tales, and a great variety of miscellaneous matter of immediate
interest to the literary reader. Among the books issuedin
1837 have been the following important ones :
Miss Pardoe's City of the Sultan,
Dutens' Memoirs,
Carnes' Letters from the East,
Criclton, an historical romance,
The Saracen, a Crusade romance,
Wraxall's Historical Memoirs,
The Gurney Papers,
Recovery of the treasure sunk in the Thetis,
The Life of Oliver Goldsmith,
Pretension, a novel, by Miss Stickney,
The Adventures of a French Sergeant,
Family Interference, a novel, &c.
The cost of the London books alone, published in one year,
is little less than forty dollars I By the magic of the periodical
press this amount is supplied for Jive dollars, and disseminated
to every town in the Union at little above the price of newspa-
per postage.
A-very few complete sets, in ten volumes, are still for sale.
Subscriptions for the coming year, accompanied by a remnittance,
will be promptly attended to. Five copies may be procured by
a club, on payment of twenty dollars in advance.
dee 4-8t A. WALDIE, 46 Carpenter st. Philadthia.
I subscribers have just received, in addition, and consists of
50 pieces rich figured and plain Poult de Soie
25 do rich Shalleys and Mousseline de Laines
25 do 6-4 Thibet Shawls
10 do French and English Bombasins
5 do black and blue-black Shalleys
20 do Thibet Cloth and FrenchMerinoes
25 do English do
Rich Velvet, Satin, Gauze, and oiher fashionable Trim-
mings for Bonnets
25 dozen superior Hoskin Gloves
50 do Silk, Mchair, Cashmere, and other Hosiery
20 pieces Ladies' Cloak Cloths, very cheap; and
Black Silk Hose, at 621 cents pair, good.
dec 15-eo2w J. B. WINGERD & CO.
FEATHER WREATHS &c. &c.-The subscri-
bers have just received a rich assortment of Blonde Laces,
Marabout and other Feathers, Wreaths, &c. &c. to which the
attention of Ladies is invited. J. B. WINGERD & CO.
dec 15-eolw
E STE'S SLIPPERS &C.-We have just received
U100 pairs Este's Morocco Slippers.
Also, 200 pairs Ladies' walking shoes, daily expected.
On hand, 200 pairs Ladies' Furred Shoes:
dec 15-eolw J. B. WINGERD & CO.

supposed, had cured me ; but, when I left off travelling, the
disease returned again, and I was obliged to take medicine
constantly, among other things very often calomel; this con-
tinued to be my state until about twelve months ago, when, on
the recommendation of Major John Beard, I began to try Beck-
with's Antidyspeptic Pills; I soon found relief from them, and
since have taken no other medicine whatever. Whenever I
find my stomach or bowels becoming deranged, I resort to these
pills, and invariably find relief. I have heard a number of
persons speak of the benefits they have received from these
pills, in the most decided terms. I am well acquainted with
Dr. Beckwith; he for a time resided in this place, and was my
family physician. His own testimony with regard to the use of
his Antidyspeptic Pills may be fully relied on.
These Pills may be had at the stores of Dr. W. GUNTON
and S. J. TODD, Washington City; R. STABLER, Alexan-
dria; O. M. LINTHICUM, Georgetown, and of almost every
extensive Druggist throughout the United States.
sept 2-d6m dec 4-d4mn
NSURES LIVES for one or more years, or for life.

Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
Age. One year. Seven years. For life.
25 1.00 1.12 2.04
30 1.31 1.36 2.36
35 1.36 1.53 2.75
40 1.69 1.83 3.20
45 1.91 1.96 3.73
50 1.96 2.09 4.60
S55 2.32 3.21 5.78
60 4.35 4.91 7.00
Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
60 years of age, 10.55 per cent.
65 do. 12.27 do. per annum.
70 do. 14.19 do.
For One Hundred Dollars deposited at birth of child, the Com-
pany will pay, if he attain 21 years of age, $469
At six months, 408
One year, 375
The Company also executes trusts ; receives money on depo-
site, paying interest semi-annually, or compounding it, and
makes all kinds of contracts in which life or the interest ofmo-
ney is involved. WILLIAM MURDOCK, Secretary.
James H. Causten, City of Washington.
Dr. B. R. Wellford, Fredericksburg, Virginia.

I O THI LADBIE, .-Ms. TIOYNE begin leo to in.
1i form the ladies of Washington, and stranger visiting the
city, that she will open on Tuesday, the 12th of December, a
handsome assortment of Fashionable Winter Bonnets, Hats,
and Caps. Mrs. D. has the pleasure of offering to the ladies
the Victoria Opera or Dinner Hat, just from England; a splen-
did assortment of Ornamental Hair; also,, a lot of superior
Perfumery, direct from Paris.
N. B. A furnished parlor and two chambers for rent. In-
quire of Mrs. Doyne, Pennsylvania Avenue, between 9th and
10th streets, dec 12-eo3w
For the most part, those who are already dyspeptic, or by
their habits and pursuits in a fair way to become so, are com-
monly not much in doubt of the fact, and sufficiently disposed to
employ a remedy entitled to their confidence/ The object of
th;s advertisement is, to offer to those who may require a medi-
cine of this kind, such weight of testimony as will satisfy any
reasonable mind that, under all circumstances, these pills may
be tried with safety, at least. It is presumed such evidence
as the following would be thought sufficient to establish much
more important matters:
From the Rt. Rev. Levi S. Ives, D. D. Bishop of North
"RALEIGH, MARCH 2, 1835.
Having for the last three years been intimately acquainted
with Dr. John Beckwith, of this city, and enjoyed his profes-
sional services, I take pleasure in stating that his character as
a Christian gentleman and experienced physician, entitles his
testimony, in regard to the use of his Antidyspeptic Pills, to the
entire confidence of the Public. My experience of the good ef-
fects of these Pill", for two years past, satisfies me of their emi-
nent value, particularly in aiding in impaired digestion, and
warding off bilious attacks. Having been for a long time sub-
ject to the annual recurrence of such attacks, I was in tlhe habit
of resorting for security against them, and with very partial
success, to a liberal use of calomel or blue pill. But since my
acquaintance with the Antidyspeptic Pill ofDr. Beckwith, which
he prescribed in the first instance himself, 1 have not been un-
der the necessity of using mercury in any form, besides being
wholly exempt from bilious attacks. Several members of my
family are experiencing the same beneficial effects.
"L. S. IVES."

From the Rev. F. L. Hawks, D. D.
"NEW YORK, FEB. 3, 1836.
"I have no knowledge, derived from experience, of the effi-
cacy of Dr. Beckwith's Pills; but I know that several of my
personal friends in North Carolina, whom I left some years ago
suffering severely under dyspepsia, were in good health when
I saw them, on a visit made a few months since, and all ascrib-
ed their recovery to the use of Beckwith's Pills.
I know that the certificates obtained by the Doctor in North
Carolina are from gentlemen of the highest respectability, and
several of them stated to me verbally that whicl is contained
in their published certificates. I have the most entire confi-
dence in them.
"I also know Dr. Beckwith, and have known him from my
boyhood; and I cheerfully state, with Bishop Ives, that his
character as a Christian gentleman and experienced physician,
entitles his testimony, in regard to the use of his Antidyspeptic
Pills, to the entire confidence of the Public.'

From Governor Iredell.
"AUGUST 21, 1834.
"Dr. Beckwitl's Antidyspeptic Pills have been used in my
family, which is a large one, with the most beneficial effects. A
number of my friends who have been afflicted with dyspepsia
and other disorders of the stomach, have spoken to me in strong
terms of the relief they experienced fiom this remedy. With-
out the evidence I have received from others, my intimate
knowledge of the professional and private character of Dr.
Beckwith, for the last twenty years, justifies me in declaring
that lie would give no assurances of facts of his own experience,
or of professional deductions, of which lie was not perfectly
confident, and on which the Public might not safely rely.

From Ihe lon. George E. Badger, LL. D.
"RALEIGH, NOV. 7, 1834.
"For several years past, Dr. Beckwith's Antidyspeptic Pills
have been used as a domestic medicine in my family. I have
myself frequently used them for the relief of headache, acid,
and otherwise disordered stomach, resulting from imprudence
or excessin diet, and I have had many opportunities of learning
from others their effects, when used by them for like purposes.
My experience and observation justify me in saying that the re-
lief afforded by the Pills is generally speedy, and almost al-
ways certain ; that they may be taken at any time without dan-
ger or inconvenience, and that their operation is attended by no
nausea or other disagreeable effects whatever; and though I
have known many persons use them, I have known none who did
not approve them,; none who sustained any injury, and none who
failed to derive benefit from their use. And, upon the whole, I
do not hesitate to recommend them as an agreeable, safe, and
efficacious remedy in dyspeptic affections, and believe them my-
self to be the best antidyspeptic medicine ever offered to the
Public.1 "G. E. BADGER."

From the Hon. Richard Hines, late member of Congress
from the Tarboro' district.
HERMITAGE, near Sparta, Edgecombe co. Nov. 10, 1834.
"I was severely afflicted for several years with dyspepsia,
jaundice, and general ill health. I called in the aid of eminent
physicians, and visited most of the mineral springs of celebrity
in the United States, without any material benefit, until my case
was thought to be hopeless. Being compelled in tire winter of
1824 to spend some weeks in Raleiglr, I consulted Dr. Beck-
with, when he prescribed what is now known as Beckwithl's
Antidyspeptic Pills,' by thie use of which I soon became much
better. I continued to take them for some months, until my
health was entirely restored, to which they mainly contributed.
Another member of my family subsequently used them with
like benefit and success.
Having been many years well acquainted with Dr. Beck-
with, I take pleasure in mentioning him as a gentleman of great
worth and intelligence, and of known and admitted science and
skill in his profession, and in recommending his Antidyspeptic
Pills as a most valuable medicine to those afflicted with the
diseases I have mentioned.

From the Hon. Chales Fisher, late member of Congress,
Salisbury district.
SALISBURY, FEB. 23. 1837.
"Several years ago I was very much afflicted with diseased
stomach and bowels; nothing I could eat appeared to agree with
me, and I was obliged to be very careful in my diet. A jour-
ney to the Southwest afforded me considerable relief, andi, as 1

ing consists of several calico frocks, white cotton aprons and
collars, &c. and a black bombasin dress. She has had from
her birth a very singular mark, resembling the dashing on the
skin of coffee grounds or some black substance. This mark,
to the best of my recollection, commences on the neck or collar
bone, and covers part of her breasts, body, and limbs, and when
her neck and arms are uncovered is very perceptible. I un-
derstand that she calls herself Louisa, and has been frequently
seen east and south of the Capitol square, and harbored by ill-
disposed poisons of every complexion for her services, where
by diligent search she may be found, unless she has hired her-
self elsewhere as a cook or house servant. I will give the
above reward if caught in the District of Columbia and deliver-
ed to me, or if out of the District I will give an additional sum
often dollars for every ten miles beyond the District line in any
direction, provided the distance does not exceed fifty miles, and
if beyond that distance one hundred dollars, and secured so
that I get her again, in case it should not be convenient to de-
liver her as aforesaid. WM. ROBINSON,
oct 2-dtf Georgetown.
M. MORRISON, two doors west of Brown's Hotel,
Peck's New Gazetteer of Illinois, in three parts, containing
a general view of the State; a general view of each county,
and a particular description of each town, settlement, stream,
prairie, bottom, bluff, etc., alphabetically arranged; by J. M.
Also, a second edition of Peck's New Guide for Emigrants to
the West; containing Sketches of Michigan, Ohio, Indiana,
Illinois, Missouri, Arkansas, with the Territory of Wisconsin
and the adjacent parts.
Tales from the German, translated by Nathaniel Green; in
Twice Told Tales, by Nathaniel Hawthorn.
The Youth's Keepsake, for 1838.
The Harcourts, or Stories from Real Life, designed to teach
true Independence and 'Domestic Economy ; in five parts.
Part 3d : Extravagance is the disease, economy is the reme-
The Savings Bank, and other stories; illustrating true Inde-
dependence and Domestic Economy; translated from the French
by a Lady. Part 4: Stories from Real Life.
The Lady's Annual Register and Housewife's Memorandum
Book, for 1838; by Caroline Gilman; with Engravings, by
Devereux. dec 16
'g ARMERS' LIBRARY.-The American Gardener,
3 containing practical directions on the culture of fruits and
vegetables; including landscape and ornamental gardening,
grape vines, silk, strawberries, &c. By Thomas G. Fessen-
den, editor of the New England Farmer.
The New American Orchardist, or an account of the most

West Cihester,.-The above school, for the education
and instruction of Boys, is located in the borough o West Chea-
ter, Chester county, Penn., within about four hours' ride of
Philadelphia, by the Columbia Railroad.
The buildings have been planned and completed expressly
for a Boarding School.
The school has been in full operation since May, 1834.
The number of boarders has varied between sixty and eighty,
from different parts of the country, principally from Philadel-
phia, where A. BOLMAR has been known as an instructor of
youths for many years.
The pupils are advanced, as rapidlyas their intelligence per-
mits, in the knowledge of such branches as fully prepare them
for college or for a mercantile life.
The most particular attention is paid to the morals, health,
manners, and personal neatness of the pupils.
No boarder is ever permitted to leave the premises without
No new pupils are received over fourteen years of age.
As there is in West Chester a place of worship for almost
every religious sect, pupils are accompanied or sent on Sundays
to any one that parents or guardians designate.
The school year consists of four quarters, of eleven and a half
weeks each. There is a vacation of three weeks in April, and
another likewise of three weeks in October. If desired, any
boarder may remain at tile school during the vacations.
The course of instruction comprises Orthography, Reading,
Writing, Arithmetic, Geography, the use of the Globes, Eng-
lish Grammar, English Composition, History, Book-Keeping,
Algebra, Geometry, Mensuration, and Surveying; the Latin,
Greek, French, Spanish, and German languages.
During the winter, Lectures on the Elements of Natural Phi-
losophy, Chemistry, and Astronomy, are delivered to the pupils
at such time as does not interfere witl~ their other studies, and
by this means they get some valuable information during a time
which is generally spent in idleness in most boarding schools.
The charge for each boarder is $250 per annum, payable quar-
terly in advance. This sum is in full for tuition in all the above
branches-except in French, Spanish, and German-for Board-
ing, Lodging, Washing, Fuel and Light, including also the use
of Bedding, Maps, Globes, and of Books for reading.
Pupils studying French, Spanish, or German, pay for each
$50 extra per annum.
Drawing $10 per quarter.
The Principal is assisted in the discharge of the duties of his
school by Messrs. H. B. PEARSON, JAMES A. KEECH, THOMAS
In Philadelphia.-Rev. Samuel B. Wylie, D. D., *A. D
Bache, Henry Reed, Professors in the University ofPennsylva-
nia; Charles Picot, *Matthew Carey, *S. Jaudon, *Peter Gra-
ham, *Gerard Ralston, *Ashbal Ralston, A. de Valville, Robert
Walsh, Esquires; *Professor Walter R. Johnson; *John M.
Brewer, M. D. ; M. E. Hersan, Esq. French Consul; *John
Swift, Esq. MayorofPhiladelphia ; Hon. John Sergeant ; *Hon.
Joseph Barnes; John K. Mitchell, M. D. ; Peter S. Duponceau,
*H. D. Gilpin, Henry Toland, *S. C. Walker, *John Frost,
*Manuel Eyre, Esquires; James Rush, M.D. ; *Hon. George
M. Dallas; *John M. Scott, Esq.; George McClellan, M. D.;
S. Calhoun, M. D.; Professor Jacob G ieen ; *John M. Read,
*Clement C. Biddle, *Moses Kempton, Esquires; *Hon. Wm.
Duane ; Colonel Wm. Drayton; Charles J. Ingersoll, Esq.;
*WVm. Gibson, M. D.; *Robert E. Griffith, M. D.; J. J. Van-
derKemp, *Colman Fisher, *P. J. Van Hall, *Isaac Harvey,
*Wm. Read, *Henry C. Carey, Esqrs.; Samuel Jackson, M.
D. ; Philip M. Price, M. D.; John Bell, M. D. ; *Isaac Lea,
*Jacob Gilliams, *Isaac Roach, John Laval, *Charles Chaun-
cey, Joseph R. Ingersoll, Esqrs. ; *Isaac Hays, M.D.; N. Shoe-
maker, M. ).; *General Patterson; *Joseph G. Nancrede, M.
D.; Eli K. Price, Esq.; *Thomas Harris, M. D.; *Algernon
S. Roberts, 'Henry White, *John Stewart, *Wm. B. Fling,
*Durden B. Carter, Esqrs. ; *Col. John G. WVatmoughl; *Con-
dy Raguet, *Thomas U. Walter, *Samuel H. Carpenter, *L.
Kimball, Esqrs.; and *Pablo Chacon, Esq., Consul General of
In Burlington, N. J.-Right Rev. G. W. Doane, D. D.
In West Chester.-*Wmn. Darlington, M.D.; *Ziba Pyle,
Esq. ; Isaac Thomas, M. D.; *John W. Townsend, *David
Townsend, *Nathan H. Sharpless, *Townsend Haines, Esqrs.;
*Wilmer Worthington, M D.; *W. H. Dillingham, Esq.
In Pittsburgh.-*Hon.. T. B. Dallas and *H. Bonnet, Esq.
In Washington, D. C.-Wm. S. Derrick, Esq.
In Virginia.-*Wm. Burke, Esq., Red Sulphur Springs.
*John Dunn and *Benjamin Jones, Esqrs., Petersburg.
In Charleston, S. C.-Dr. Wilkinson.
In Georgia.-*Hon. Langdon Cheves, *Isaac Minis, *M.
Myeis, *Robert Hazlehurst, *Peter Wiltberger, Esqrs.; Geo.
Jones, M. D.
In Louisiana.-*Hugo C. Gildemeester, *Richard Bein,
*John D. Bein, *Wm. McKean, and *Henry McCall, Esqrs.
N. B.-Thie Principal of the institution hereannounced either
taught in the families of the above named gentlemen before
whose names an asterisk (*) is placed, or had some of their
children, relatives, or wards, in his institution in Philadelphia,
or has some now with him in West Chester.
aug 12-wdp&wcp6m
SUGAR, TEA, COFFEE, WINES, &c. received
by recent arrivals, and for sale on reasonable terms by
the subscriber.
20 hhds. Prime N. O. Sugar
20 bbls. Sugarbouse do
30 boxes Loafand Lump do
60 chests and half-chests fresh Teas
150 bags Java and Rio Coffee
50 baskets Champagne Wine
20 qr.casks Marseilles Madeira do
20 do Sicily Madeira do
10 do Sweet Malaga do
10 do Scignette Brandy
5 half-pipes Otard do
2000 gallons Bleached and Unbleached Winter Oil
30 baskets Superior Sweet Oil
40 casks Chleese
50 boxes Old do
30 hldf-barrels Goshen Butter
100 boxes Sperm Candles
60 bbls. and half-bbls. Buckwheat
50 bbls. Cranberries
dec 9-tf (Glo.) SETH HYATT.
- ANTED.-$10,000 in specie; also, Treasury notes,
and Chesapeake and Ohio Canal scrip.
Apply to W. S. NICHOLLS,
dec 12-dlw (Glo) Penn. Av. near 13th st.
IFTY DOLLARS REWARD.- Eloped from my
residence ELOIZA, a young negress of ordinary stature
and size, but strongly made, about 22 years old, color of a chest-
nut or brown, long thick woolly hair, which is commonly neat-
ly combed, parted before, and tucked with combs. Her cloth-

Such regulations respecting health and habits of personal
cleanliness are adopted and practised, as every parent must ap-
prove. The lodging rooms are large, and constructed with spe-
cial reference to ventilation and comfort. And every practice
on the part of the student calculated to injure health is carefully
A system of manual labor is adopted, (altogether voluntary
with the student,) uniting healthful exercise with pecuniary re-
The morals of the pupils are most sedulously guarded. Their
limited number and select character, as well as the retired lo-
cation of the buildings, are calculated to favor this object. All
amusements and recreations are limited to such distances as to
avoid all contact with improper associates. The Sabbath is de-
voted to attendance on public worship, or to such moral employ-
ments as must meet the cordial approbation of all religious de-
The pupils are daily associated with the family circle, and
their government is purely parental The rules and regulations
for theirdeportment and attention to study are enforced by them-
selves, and yet are such as to challenge the severest scrutiny
of the most rigid disciplinarian. A strict regard to truth and
personal integrity are the principlesupon which they are taught
to act; and a youth whom repeated efforts cannot induce to re-
gard these principles as most sacred and inviolable, must spee-
dily close his connexion with the institution.
Monthly and annual examinations are statedly held, and the
results forwarded to parents in regular monthly reports and an-
nual certificates, with statements respecting progress, deport-
ment, health, accidents, &c. &c. The school is at all times
open for the inspection of friends and the Public generally.
The most flattering testimonials have been received from a
very large majority of those educated in the institute, speaking
in the highest terms of the system of instruction, mode of
government, personal treatment, &c. &c. Many of these in-
dividuals are now actively engaged in professional life, and it is
presumed that they are competent to judge of the merits of the
The Eighth Annual Session will commence October 15th,
1837, and close August 15th, 1838.
It is not desirable that the pupil visit home during the session,
excepting under very special circumstances.
Terms for boarding and tuition, $150 per session often months,
payable $50 February Ist, $50 May 1st, and the balance at the
close of the session. The students furnish books, stationery,
lights, towels, &c. A reduction is made to pious students of li-
mited resources, having the gospel ministry in view. No appli-
cant received for less than a session, or that portion of the session
remaining at the time of admission. Those entering after the
commencement of the session are charged only for the remain-
ing portion of the session. And as it is a select school, none will
be admitted without satisfactory credentials of good moral cha-
racter. JOHN LODOR. ,

Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, an ud SoloUtUor t
Postage tobe paid on business letters, oct 17-d&cly
TION--Under the authority of a decree of the Superior
Court of Law and Chancery of the county of Fairfax, the sub-
scribers will offer for sale'at public auction, on Monday, the 15th
day of January next, at the court-house of the said county, a
valuable FARM, lately the property of Mr. Jonathan Butcher,
now occupied by Mr. Hume, situated in the said county,-abiut
six miles from Alexandria, and within nine miles of the city of
Washington, communicating with the former by the Little Ri-
ver Turnpike Road, and with the latter by thle turnpike road
leading from the Little River turnpike to the bridge over the
Potomac. The Farm contains about 535 acres, and is well pro-
vided with wood and timber.
There have been recently erected on it a convenient brick
dwelling-house and out-houses.
Few situations offer more advantages for the establishment of
a Dairy Farm, for the supply of the markets of the District, or
are better suited to the usual crops of this part of the country.
At the same time and place, will be offered for sale, at auc-
tion, a two acre lot, well enclosed, on the east side of the road
from Alexandria to the Hunting Creek bridge.
Terms of sale.-Ten per cent. on the amount of the purchase
money to be paid in cash at the time of the sale, to be forfeited
if the purchaser fails to complete the purchase. If the sale be
confirmed by the Court, the residue of the purchase money to
be paid in three equal instalments of six, twelve, and eighteen
months from the day of sale ; to be secured by the bonds of the
purchaser, with sufficient securities'; the title to the land to be
withheld until the payments shall be made, and the land to be
liable to be re-sold by the decree of the Court if the terms
the sale be not complied with. R. I. TAYLOR,
nov 10-dts Commissioners of Sale.
tue of a deed of trust recorded in liber W. B. No. 60, fo-
lios 216, 217, 218, 219, of the land records for Washington
county, in the District of Columbia, and for thu purposes in the
said deed mentioned, I shall, on Thursday, the 4th day of Jan-
uary, 1838, proceed to sell at public auction, to the highest
bidder, one full undivided third part of Lots numbered 1, 2, 7,
8, 9, 12, 13, in square 219, as laid down on the plan of the city
of Washington.
Terms ofsale.-One-fourth cash, and the residue at 6, 12,
and 18 months. Promissory notes, with approved endorsers,
to be given for the postponed payments, and to be secured by
a lien on the property. The title is believed to be unquestion-
able. But the Trustee will convey such only as is vested in
Sale to take place at 11 o'clock A. M. at Mr. Dyer's Auction
Room. P. R. FENDALL, Trustee.
nov 18-2awts&ds ED. DYER, Auc.t
AUCTION.-Under the authority of a decree of
the Superior Court of Law and Chancery of the county of Fair-
fax, in the suit of Elizabeth Irvin, complainant, against Wil-
liam Herbert and others, defendants, the subscribers will offer
for sale at public auction, at 12 o'clock, at noon, on the 12th
day of January, at Samuel Catt's tavern, West end, in the coun-
ty aforesaid, that valuable tract of land called "BELVOIR,"
in the said county, on the river Potomac, about 14 miles below
Alexandria, containing about two thousand acres, with the well-
known Fishery thereon, commonly called the "White House
Fishery," which has always been considered the best Shad
Fishery on the river.
Terms of sale.-One-tenth part of the purchase money to be
paid in cash on the day of sale; the residue in three equal in-
stalments of one, two, and three years, with interest from that
day. The deferred payments to be secured by the bonds of
the purchaser, with sufficient security, and the title to be re-
tained till the deferred payment shall be made.
nov 9-ts Commissioners of Sale.
Warren county, Virginia- Post Office, Middle
town, Frederick county, Virginia.-This is a select school,
limited in the-number of pupils, and taught by the subscriber
as Principal, with the aid of such assistants as circumstances
may require.
The most approved methods and systems are adopted; such
as are calculated to obviate useless drudgery, and to elicit the
exercise of mind. In connexion with the study of the Greek
and Latin classics, particular attention is paid to those minor
branches of English so frequently neglected.
Besides a separate English Department, and a Preparatory
Classical School, the Institute includes four classes, embracing a
course of liberal education but little inferior to that pursued in
mostof our colleges, and at much less expense. Itis presumed
that a youth, after completing the course of any one of these
classes, will be prepared to commence with a class of the same
name in college. As far as time and circumstances admit, the
following constitutes the course of studies:
Freshmen.-Adams's Latin Grammar, Mair's Introduction,
Caesar, Cicero and Virgil, Arithmetic, Malte Brun's Geography,
English Grammar, Profane History, Sacred History, Elocution,
Composition, Penmanship, Reading and Orthography.
Sophomores.--Adams's Latin Grammar, Valpy's Greek
Grammar, Horace, Greek New Testament, Algebra, (Bon.)
Malte Brun's Geography, English Grammar, Profane History,
Sacred History, Elocution, Composition, Penmanship, Reading
and Orthography.
Juniores.-Adams's Latin Grammar, Valpy's Greek Gram-
mar, Tacitus, Gr. Minora and Majora, Geometry, (Euc.) (Leg.)
Mensuration and Surveying, (Gum.) Con. Sec. and S. Trig.
(Sim.) Profane History, Sacred History and Ethics, Elocution,
Composition, Criticism, Debating.
Seniores.-Adams's Latin Grammar, Valpy's Greek Gram-
mar, Cicero de Oratore, Gr. Majora, Natural Philosophy and
Chemistry, Moral Philosophy, (With.) Logic (Hed.) Rhetoric,
(Blair,) Profane History, Sacred History and Ethics, Elocution,
(original,) Composition, Criticism, Debating.
In the Preparatory Classical School, such studies are pursued
as will qualify for admission to the Freshman Class. In the
English Department, parents and guardians will select the
branches desired.
A good miscellaneous library is accessible to the students at
all times, in which are statedly deposited a number of the most
approved periodicals, devoted to education, literature, and sci-
A Lyceum is in successful operation, affording opportunities
and facilities for mental exercise.