, -

-, .

-" .: .


For a yearlen dollars-fQor-six months, six dollars.,
Those subscribing for a year, wh6 do (ot, either at the time of
ordering the paper, or obsequnently, give notice of their wish#
to have the aperdiseoutinued at tlie expiration of their year,
will be presumed a7 desiring its' ontinuance until counter-
mande.I, ar;d it wiU.Je continued accordinglyat 'tie option ul
the Ediiors. '

T HE Board bf I.ritlors have declared a dividend of
4 per cent. for the last half year.
jan 2--3taw2w GEO. THOMAS, Cashier.
DI. KING & JOHN. WILSON, Land and Gcne-
t* ral Aebits, Washington city, D. C. (,fice in the rooms
lately occupied by the Bank of the Mletropolis, corner of F oan-
55h streets. dec l-d6m
,"- Miniature Palnter,e .
S North side of Pennsylvania Avenue, one door west of 12th st.
jan 6-eolm
Peters's celebrated Vegetable Pills.
1. Because they are exceedingly puoplar, which proves them
to be exceedingly good.
6. Because they are composed of simple which have the
power to do good in an immense number of cases, without pos-
sessing the means to do injury in any.
3. Because theyjare not a quack medicine, but the scientific
compound of'a regular physician, who has made his profession
the study of his life.
S4. BeCause they 'are not unpleasant to take, nbr distressing
to retain, while they aie most effective to operate.
5. Because they are recommended as a standard medicine
by the regular faculty.
'6. Because, by keeping the system in a natural state of ac-,
lion, they cure almost every disease which the human frame is
ifiidental to, .
7 ., Because they are cheap and portable, and will retainall
their virtues in full vigor, in any .climate, and for any 'i~eih of
8. Because,.nowithstanding. fheir. simplicity and mildness,
they are onaofl he speediest purgative medicines which has
yet beev discovered. ..
9. Because they. are an tnfailing remedy for-procuring a
10. Because in cases of spleen orf despondency, by their
healthy influence on the excited state of the body, they have a
most happy effect in calmimg and invigorating the mind.
SII. 1 because they effecttheir cures without the usual attend-
Sants ofdther pills, sickness and gripings.
12. Because, as well as being an unrivalled purifier of the
general system, they are a sovereign remedy for sick headache.
13. Because they differ 9bm the majority of medicines in
the fact that the more they are known the more they are ap-.
,14. Because, as their application produces no debility in the
System, they may be taken without producing iny- hindrance to
Sbusinesior the usual pursuits of every day life.
15, and lastly. -Because they are acknowledged to be an al-
most infallible remedy for bilious fever, fever and ague, dyspep-
sia, liver complaints, jaundice, asthma, dropsy, rheutmatism, en-
largement ortlie spleen, lowness bfspirits, piles, colic, heart-
\burn, nausea, distension of the stomach and bowels, flatlence,
habitual costiveneas, loss of apFetite, blotched or sallow com-
plexion, and in all eases of torpor of the bowels, where a mild
but effective medicine may-be requisite..
In short, the general voice. of the community has decided
that Dr. PETERS'S Vegetable Pills-are one ofthc happids1dis-
coveries of modern days, and altogether unrivalled as a general
soother of bodily afflictions. Prepared by Joseph Priestly Pe-
ters, M. D. No. 129 Liberty street, New York. Each box con-
tains 40 pills. Price 50 cents.
Be careful and inquire for Peters's Vegetable, Pills; they
are sold by all the principal druggists in Washington, Alexan-
dria, Georgetown, and Baltimore.
jan 8-eo6m
I LANK BOOKS.-The most extensive assortment of
Blank Books of every description, made of the best mate-
rias by a first-rate workman, is constantly for sale at Stationers'
Hall, at prices the most reasonable.
jan 12 W. FISCHER.
INGS, which will be made up in the best manner, very
jan 6-eo2w (Globe)
: this morning issued, and can be procured at
F. TAYLOR'S Bookstore,
jan 3 Immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel.
HE YOUNG WIFE, or Duties of Woman in the
Marriage Relation; by' Wm. A. Alcott, author of the
Young Mother, Young Man s Guide, and House I Live in, and
editor of the Library of Health. For sale between 9th and 10th
streets, Pennsylvania avenue.' R. FARNHAM.
dec 11
assortment of canes and whips, comprising almost every
description of both'articles, of the best quality and at the lowest
*prices. For sale at the old snuff, tobacco and fancy store, be-
tween 11th and 12th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
W'ANTED, a situation as teacher, by a graduate of an
"tVV. European university, who has been engaged in that
profession in this country during the last eight years. Ample
recommendations for strict morality and sound ability to in-
structin the Greek, Latin, and English languages, and in all
the mathematical and other branches of education necessary
for admission into any of the advanced classes of the American
colleges and universities,will be exhibited from private families,
and trustees of academies in the neighboring States in which
the advertiser has taught, besides testimonials from the uni-
versity in which he graduated. Any commands addressed to B,
C, E, through the city'post office, will be immediately attend-
ed to. jan 2-5t3taw

A DDISON'l PENCIL CASES.-The most exten-
sive assortment of Addison's superior Gold and Silver
Pencil Cases is constantly kept for sale at Stationers' Hall, at
prices from 50 cents to 20 dollars each.
jan 10 (Adv.) W. FISCHER.
tween Ninth and Tenth streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
'dec 30 R. FARNHAM.
IREWOOD FOR SALE.-From one to two thou-
Ssand cords of the best Firewood for sale, on reasonable
terms, about from one to two miles from Georgetown Ferry, on
the west side of the river. The wood either cut and corded, or
sian.ding, to suit purchasers. Apply to J. W. Minor, Esq. at
the Glebe House, in the vicinity, or to the subscriber, in this
jan 5-tf
W ANTED.-South Carolina, Alabama, and Mississippi
Bank Notes, and Bank Checks, or Certificates of De-
posite. Also, New Orleans Funds. Apply to
Pennsylvania Avenue.
Treasury Notes bought and sold at current rates.
.dec 27-3wd:
OCKHART'S LIFE OF SCOTT,vols. 4 and 5,
Boston edition, with a Portrait of Scott. For sale between
9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
jan 5 R. FARNHAM.

The subscriber has this day received from the manufacto-
ry an invoice of newest fashion Shell and other Combs, con-
sisting of Twist, Tuck, Narrow Top, Side, Neck, &c.
Also, Backgammon Boards, complete
Graces, Battledores and other Games of exercise
Superior Bead Bags, Long Silk Purses
Fine Pen and Pocket Knives
Best Rodgers's Scissors, &c. &c. for sale at the. lowest
S prices.

W PAN Y.-This company has. declared a dividend on
the captial stock thereof, whikh will 'be paid (tp stockholders)
on application at the Patriotic Bank, on and after Tuesday next,
the 16th ir.slant. A. B. WALLER,
.jn 13--3t Chair'n Cotn: ofrMariagetnent.
W AN ED IMMEDIATELY.-Two or three.smart
.active boys ; one to wait in the house, and the other. to'
work' ~t doors. They must be well recnninrend.d. Those
f'ronm the country %ill he;prerferred. Apply 10 thbe
JOHTI'PRIVA.UX, Cook to the late Pe-ident J.,:kson,
would most respectfully announce to the citiz.r.s .,f Wash-
igitbon .thit he has established himself pernianeritly lietwe.n-i
tlie Six'and Seven buildings, directly' opposite the W\'t larkel,
an fii-.readv at all 'times to wait upon those who need his ser-
vitce. as a skilful and professed cook, either at their dtl ellirin.
or hiq ovu Resta',nant.. :Prom his long experience, lie flatters
himself competent to give general ratisfaciion, and at the same
tiie his changes will hemoderie.. jan 13--c.3w
P IANOS.-Additioual supply of superior German
ilanos.-Ju-t received, three more of those splendid'
instrudiento, of the same quality as those I have he"i4p'ore sold.,
'The tone of bheFe pi.inos is powerful and sweet, thgir case, of
superior cu'mr'dmahognyn, wih pillars and stand.-A-of ithe new-
est pattern ; also, bn-hand, .two m..ire of the same quality. I
wijl sell tlrege as low as instruments of such superior quality
can be botgght iLlthe UniQed States., Old Pianos+ received'in
part pay.; RICHARD IDAViS,
j-n 13-3t Pairfax street Alexpndria.
HORSESt OlI iALE.-Jumst arrived froni the North
ten'first rate Horses, all well broken to single and double har-'
ness, among which re three pairs of very superior matches,
not to I) surpassed by any in the city.-
Gentl'imen wishing to purchase willplease to call at.the Na-
tio-al Hotel Livery Stables, where they can be seen.
jan 13--3
PETERS' VEG ETAIILl .-PI1 LS, having stood
the test of experience, are recommended to thl Public as
a cheap and superior family medicine. Wlientatke according
to the directions accompanying them, they are highly beneficial
in the prevention and cure of bilious fevers, fever and ague, dys-
pepsia, liver complaints, dbch headache, jaundice, asthilla, 4rop-
sy, rheumatism, enlargement of the spleen, piles, cholic, female
obstructions, heartiuhrn, pausea, furred tongue, distension of the
stomach and bowels, incipient diarrhea, flatulence, habitual
costiveness, loss of appetite, blotched or sallow complexion, and
in all cases of. t(dpor of the bowels, where a cathartic or an ape-
rient is needed.
They are t.xceedingly mild in their operation, producing nei-
ther nausea,griping, nor debility.
Prepared by Joseph lriestly Peters, M. D., at his- Institu-
tion for the cure pf obstinate diseases by means of vegetable
rceties, No. 129, Liberty street, New Ytirk.
E- ac!h box contains 4-t pills. Price GO cents.
For sale by'S. J.TODD, C. TOTT, T. WATKINS`,'NM.
ington ; and by-WM. STABLER, C. FARQUHAR, and, \M..
HARPER, Alexandria; and in Georgetown, by 0.. lM." IIN'l
THICUM. ap --eoly.
willbe opened again on the 15ih of January next, under
the superintendence of its present Principal, Mr. C. A. LEWIS.
The course,of instruction wiJf e extensive, embracing the.
Latin, Greek, and Freich la'igifiges, History, Mathetnaticis,'
-the theory and practice of Sur~eying, the e .inents of Chem-
iitry, and Natural Philosophy; together wlth those brinclies
which constitute a goid English education. In the discharged
of the laborious duties of his station, the principal will be aided
by his present assistant, Mr. BUCKNER, and also by Mr. VAw
DOREW, a graduate of Princeton Colf ge, and highly recom-
mended by the Faculty ofthat institution. The discipline of
the school, though strict, will be parental and affectionate, and
every exertion used to promote the moral abd intellectual cul-
ture of those committed to its care. The superior advantages
of this institution, as a suitable place for the instruction of youth,
are well known to the Public. The whole expense, including
board, tuition, washing, &c. with the exception of bed, bedding,
towels, and candles, will be $120; for bed and bedding, if fur-
nished, the charge will be $6.
Letters addressed to the Principal, at the Rappahannock
Academy, will receive prompt attention.
JOHN TAYLOR, Jr. Trustees.
dec 16-2awlmo
C ONCORD ACADEMY.-The exercises of this sem-
inary for the year 1838 will commence on the 1st of Feb-
ruary, and terminate on the 30th of November.
The price of board and tuition, including washing, bedding,
and fuel, will be $100 for a session of five months, payable in
advance. The course of instruction embraces the languages
and sciences generally, and is designed to prepare students
thoroughly for colleges and universities. There are at present
a few vacancies, which it will be desirable to fill with youths
whose educations are intended to be on a liberal scale.
In announcing the intention of resuming the duties of their
vocation, the subscribers tender their acknowledgments to their
patrons for the grateful sense which they manifest of the im-
provement of their sons and wards. As to the general charac-
ter of the institution, reference is made to Professors Bonny-
castle, Harrison, Emmet, Tacker and Davis, of the University
of Virginia. ,
The seminary is easy of access to students coming from the
North or from the South, being situated about three miles from
the Richmond and Fredericksburg Railroad.
Letters addressed to either of the subscribers, and directed
tol Concord Academy, Caroline county, will be promptly attend-
ed to. A. C. COLEMAN,
dec21--d&clm J. D. COLEMAN.
N EW BOOKS.-The Youth's Letter Writer, or the
EpiEtolary Art made plain and easy to beginners, through
the examples of Henry Moreton. By Mrs. John Farrar.
The American Frugal Housewife, dedicated to those who are
not ashamed of economy. By Mrs. Child.
Three Experiments of Living: Living within the Means,
Living up to the Means, Living beyond the Means.
Sequel to Three Experiments of Living.
Stories from Real Life, designed to teach true Independence
and Domestic Economy. A fresh supply, just received and"
for sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
dec 18 R. FARNHAM.
V IE DE WASHINGTON.--The Life of Gen. Geo.
Washington, in French, by A. N. Girault. For sale be-
tween 9th and 10th streets, Penn. Avenue.

nov 3 R. FARNHAM.
C ASH FOR NEGROES.-I will give cash and liberal
prices for young and likely negroes of both sexes. I can
be found at Mr. Thomas Lloyd's steamboat hotel, on Seventh
street, opposite the Centre Market House, in the City of Wash-
ington. All letters (post paid) will be punctually attended to.
jan 10-eo7t JILSON DOVE.
B RITISII DRAMA, in two large octavo volumes, hand-
somely printed, and well bound, with engravings, con-
taining one hundred and twelve of the best Plays in the Eng-
lish language. Price $4 50, (equivalent to about 4cents for
each Play.) For sale by
jan 10 F. TAYLOR.
at the old established stand, M'Mahon's, 17
south Second street, Philadelphia.-The subscriber in-
forms his friends and the Public generally, that he has received
his new crop entire of Garden and Grass Seeds, which he war-
rants to be equal, if not superior, to any articles of the kind of-
fered to the Public.
He has also for sale, at his Nursery, on the township line
road, above the first gate on the Germantown turnpike, a choice
collection of Fruit and Ornamental Trees, many of tlhe latter
suitable for street planting, together with a great variety of gar-
den shrubbery.
Also, a choice collection of Double Dahlias, which he will war-
rant to be true to name and color.
Also, several thousand Macluras, or Osage Apple, or Orange
Trees, suitable for hedges, together with a great variety of hot-
house and green-house plants, all of which will be sold asrea-
sonable as they can be purchased in any part of the United
Orders left at the store, 17 south Second street, or the In-
dian Queen Hotel, 15 south Fourth street, will be promptly at-
tended to.
doc on-on.n ("ln ( TiFTRNAR nt nTTiTK

Elegant black Lace Veils
SThread Laces
do Edgings
do Insertings
Swiss Edgings
S do Insertings
Muslin Bands
Superior Linen-Cabric Handkerchief
r.i Book and Swiss Muslins ". ~
Colored Straw Bonnets, &c. -
jarrJ6-3t \VM & GEO. STETTINIUS.
S BLAKEY, of Balrimnore, corset maker, from hlndon, "I'
exhibit her celebrated Corsets for sal., for a fewday, cotiN
menacing on Tuesil:iv, the 16th in-r. at Miss Artridge's, dreds
maker, over Mr. Beardsley's conrcclionary store, Pepnniylvani4
avenuee, -ineir 12th street, where the ladies may avail thefI,
selves of the opportunity .o purchase. .-
jan 13-3t .
S ward Dyer.-On Fri-ay next, the 19th instant, at 11
o'clock A. M., I shall sell, at the residence of Mr. Sairhel L.
Willkon, on Calitol Hill, B street north, near the residence of
Colonel Williamn Brent, the furniture ofhis Boarding e;lablihh-
menl, consisting in paro-f-- -
Mlahogany Side*oard, Brass Andirons and Fenders
Cane-seat and il6ter Chairs, gilt set Dessert China
Cut Celeries, Ivory handle Knives and Forks
Handsome Tureen, &c., Damask French Napkins
Hall Lamps, pas.sae and stair Carpeting and Rods ,
With high-post and French Bedsteads, very superior Beds,
made in thelefimuly, Mattresses, Marseilles Quilis, Blankets and
C'uonfortatles, of best quality; with several excellent Chamber
carpetss Bureaus, Toilet Glasses, Washstands,,Basins and Pit-
chers, with many ohibr articles desirable to housekeeperxsand
'mnot necessary to lie enumerated.
There will also be added, a first-rate double-barrelled Fowl-.
ing Piece, and an excellent Violin.
Sterns ofsali : For all sums ofand under $20, cash; over W90,
a credit of 60 days; purchasers giving notes, with approved
endorsers. EDWARD DYER,
jan 16--TuTh&P Auctioneer,-'
On Thursday.-ne., the I1th in-tant, at II o'clock A. M.
1 shill sell, at the resid nce of the Rev. Mr. Hanson, "n 10th
street, between ) naid streets, [east side, all his hosehd
an,] kitc hen Furniture, coisisiing, in part, of excellent 'ii
-grain parlor aiid chamber Carpets and Rugs, and cane-s"-
land otlhed Chairs ;IAndiions, Shovels, Tongs, and Fender;
handsome mantelPilass; straw Matting, &e. ; an excellent
eighlt-dav Time Piece; iah.,gan.y Tuubles; step C'arpet aTfi
Rull ; French-post maple Be'.lIseard, excellent Beds and Bed-
ling ; Bureaus, toilet Gl;ses, Washistann Basins, atl
Ewers; \Waidrube, &c. with a good assorltmlent of kitchiln
utensils, aiio,nst them an excellent Cooking Stove, (te-
plate,) withl two boilers, large size. Also a lot of \Wood in t e
yard. Terms at sale. EDW. DYER,
_ .-jan 16-3t Auctioneer.
',T HE Subscrihbr will rent the house in which he
at present sides. It is situated on the corner of G6tha ad
D streets, atid is iminediately we. t of tlh' Unitarian Churdh.
The house is in a very pleasant neighborhoodand has ev 4v
convenience attaclied to it wliii-h could be desired. It is tihoujpt.
unnecessary to give a larticil.ir description asthe person wih-
ing to rent would view the pretuisi.i Toa careful andpuncta'pl
i.:-nant, the rent will be modcrati-. i'or furtherparticulars apply
at ithe City Hat to o WM. HEWVITF.,
S'an 1t-3t (Ghe)
*. est Ch(ester.-Ti4 above school, fo.r the ediiuafldn
and instrtuction of Boys, is located in thle berough of \Wesi-Cles-
ter, Chester county, Penn., within about,"Ifor hours' rid4 of
Philadelphia, by the Columbin Railroad. *
The biiillii;is. have been planned and completed expressly
for a Boarding School.
The school has been in full operation since May, 1834.
The number of boarders has varied between sixty and eighty,
from different parts of the country, principally from Philadel-
phia, where A. BOLMAR has been known as an instructor of
youths for many years.
The pupils are advanced, as rapidlyas their intelligence per-
mits, in the knowledge of such branches as fully prepare them
for college or for a mercantile life.
The most particular attention is paid to the morals, health,
manners, and personal neatness of the pupils.
No boarder is ever permitted to leave the premises without
No new pupils are received over fourteen years ofage.
As there is in West Chester a place of worship for almost
every religious sect, pupils are accompanied or sent on Sundays
to any one that parents or guardians designate.
The school year consists of four quarters, of eleven and a half
weeks each. There is a vacation of three weeks in April, and
another likewise of three weeks in October. If desired, any
boarder may remain at the school during the vacations.
The course of instruction comprises Orthography, Reading,
Writing, Arithmetic, Gepgraphy, the use of the Globes, Eng-
lish Grammar, English Composition, History, Book-Keeping,
Algebra, Geometry, Mensuration, and Surveying; the Latin,
Greek, French, panish, and German languages.
During the winter, Lectures on the Elements of Natural Phi-
losophy, Chemistry, and Astronomy, are delivered to the pupils
at such time as does not interfere with their other studies, aid
by this means they get some valuable information during a time
which is generally spent in idleness in most boarding schools.
The charge for each boarder is $250 per annum, payable quar-
terly in advance. This sum is in full for tuition in all the above
branches-except in French, Spanish, and German-for Board-
ing, Lodging, Washing, Fuel and Light, including also the use
of Bedding, Maps, Globes, and of Books for reading.
Pupiis studying French, Spanish, or German, pay for each
$50 extra per annumn.
Drawing $10 per quarter.
The Principal is assisted in the discharge of the duties of his
school by Messrs. H. B. PEARSON, JAMES A. KEECH, THOMAS
In Philadelphia.-Rev. Samuel B. Wylie, D. D., *A. D
Bache, Henry Reed, Professors In the University of Pennsylva-
nia; Charles Picot, *Matthew Carey, *S. Jaudon, *Peter Gra-
ham, *Gerard Ralston, *Ashbal Ralston, A. de Valville, Robert
Walsh, Esquires; *Professor Walter R. Johnson; *John IM.
Brewer, M. D. ; M. E. Hersan, Esq. French Consul; *John
Swift, Esq. Mayor of Philadelphia ; Hen. John Sergeant; *Hon.
Joseph Barnes ; John K. Mitchell, M. D. ; Peter S. Duponceau,

*H1. D. Gilpin, Henry Toland, *S. C. Walker, *John Frost,
*Manuel Eyre, Esquires ; James Rush, M. D.; *Hon. George
M. Dallas; *John M. Scott, Esq.; George McClellan, M. D. ;
S. Calhoun, M. D.; Professor Jacob Gieen; *John M. Read,
*Clement C. Biddle, *Moses Kempton, Esquires; *Hon. Win.
Dunne; Colonel Wm.Drayton; Charles J. Ingersoll, Esq.;
*Wm. Gibson, M. D.; *Robert E. Griffith, M. D.; J. J. Van-
der Kemp, *Colman Fisher, *P. J. Van Hall, *Isaac Harvey,
*Wm. Read, *Henry C. Carey, Esqrs.; Samuel Jackson, M.
D.; Philip M. Price, M. D.; John Bell, M. D.; *Isaac Lea,
*Jacob Gilliams, *Isaac Roach, John Laval, *Charles Chaun-
cey, Joseph R. Ingersoll, Esqrs.; *Isaac Hays, M. D.; N. Shoe-
maker, M. D.; *General Patterson; *Joseph G. Nancrede, M.
D.; Eli K. Price, Esq.; *Thomas Harris, M. D.; *Algernon
S. Roberts, *Henry White, *John Stewart, *Wm. B.Fling,
*Durden B. Carter, Esqrs.; *Col. John G. Watmough; *Con-
dy Raguet, *Thomas U. Walter, *Samuel H. Carpenter, *L.
Kimball, Esqrs.; and *Pablo Chacon, Esq., ConsulGeneral of
Spai n.
In Burlington, N. J.-Right Rev. G. W. Doane, D. D.
In West Chester.-*Wm. Darlington, M.D.; *Ziba Pyle,
Esq.; Isaac Thomas, M. D.; *John W. Townsend, *David
Townsend, *Nathan H. Sharpless, *Townsend Haines, Esqrs.;
*Wilmer Wortlington, M.D.; *W. H. Dillingham, Esq.
In Pittsburgh.-*Hon. T. B. Dallas and *H. Bonnet, Esq.
In Washington, D. C.-Wm. S. Derrick, Esq.
In Virginia.-*Wm. Burke, Esq., Red SulphurSprings.
*John Dunn and *Benjamin Jones, Esqrs., Petersburg.
In Charleston, S. C.-Dr. Wilkinson.
In Georgia.-*Hon. Langdon Cheves, *Isaac Minis, *M.
Myers, *Robert Hazlehurst, *Peter Wiltberger, Esqrs.; Geo.
Jones, M. D.
In Louisiana.--*Hugo C. Gildemeester, *Richard Bein,
*John D. Bein, *Wm. McKean, and *Henry McCall, Esqrs.
N. B.-The Principal of the institution here announced either
taught in the families of the above named gentlemen before
whose names an asterisk (+) is placed, or had some of their

promotion of just riews in' Liter'lure Humanity
'Liberty, Politics, African Colonization, and Reigion.
The Rev. R. R.GiUR.Ev, Editor. ..
'The untler-igded propose to establish in the City of Wash-
.ington, under the'editorial direction of the Rev. R. R. Gurley,
a weekly paper, ad'a'pted to p~inote just views in llorals, lIan-
ners, Gorernment, and Religion, and which, sel arate from
the selfish conflicts of ambition, and the uncharitable controver-
sies of sectarianism, shall contribute to unite all Patriots and
Chjistians in the accomplishmid'nt of objects for the good of our
country, tile benefit of humanity, -and the glory of God. It
will be our endeavor, through the aid of our able and efficient
editor, to make this journal woithy- the patronage of the Amer-
ican People. The cause of African Colonization willbe ad-
vocated as meriting the united, immediate, earnest, and liberal
support of this 'nation. A summary of general intelligence
will be given weekly; and, during the session, a condensed re-
port of the, proceedings of both tHuses of Congress, pid a brief
"iew of public. affairs. In fine, no means will be neglected of
presenting to the Public through the columns of the Statesmani
such information, facts, and argumemnis on the topics which
most occupy the minds of the wise and good-in this country,and
age, as may tend to advance the great .nse of human im-
provement and happiness, and render this joupal in every re-
speot a valuable family newspaper. -
The CHRISTIAN STATESMAN will be published in the City of
Washington, every Friday" morning, ou an imperial sheet, at $3
per annum,'payable in advance. Individuals ra.nsmitltiing the
amount for fiie or more papers, shall receive them at $2 50
each, per annum.
The first number will be issued in the first week in Februa-
ry, 1838.
'- All communications relating to subscriptions, and the
-financial affairs of this journal, to be addressed to ETTER &
BAYNEr pulishers Of the Christian Statesman, Washington
City, D. C. Those relating to, the editorial department; to the
Rev. R, R, GURLBj, editor, &c.
Tie subscriber has just received a large supply of re-
markab'y fine Newark Oysters, to which he invites the atten-
tion of lovers of ihis delicious shellfish. He has also got some
immense Rockfish, tle finest ever brought to this market.
His larder will be lieund well sIuplied with Terrapins, Veni-
son, and other delicacies. J. BOULANGER.
jan fl--3t (Globe)
alid Pier Glasses, Piano, &c.-I have just received
for private sale- .
3 liew mahogany Sideboanrds
Several new mnilaogany iniletand plain Bureaus, '
Secretary, and Bookcase,
I dlzen mahogany hair seat Chairs,
2 Jozen maple cane'seat, do
Mahogany dining and card Tables,
,A beautiful maple centre Table,
,- l-Hair seat Sofas, new and second hand,
One new and one second-hand Piano-Forte,
Large gilt mantel and pier Glasses, French and
-.German plates,
With a great variety'of mahogany mantel and pier Glasses, all
sizes, all of which will be sold.at redlnces prices for cash. A
few sltares National Theatre Stock, fully paid up, for sale.
jan I.l--3t Au.tironeer and Ctnniksion MNrlPhani.
OUGE ON BANKING.-A sliwrt history of"l,'per
money and baking in the United States, including an
"account of Provincial and Continental paper money; to which
is prefixed an inquiry into the principles of the system, &c.
Also, an inquiry iato the expedicncy'of dispensing with bank
agemny and 'bank paper in- the fiscal concerns of the., hited
States. By Win. M. Gouge. .. ,
A fresh supply just-received and for sale, between 9th and
10tl streets, Penn. avenue. R.-FARNHAM.-
jan 15
A a minute account of the various military and naval oper-
ations, with many engravings, one volume, is just received and
for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Or for circulation among the subscribers to theWaverley Cir-
culating Library. jan 15
CHOOL BOOKS.--The subscriber is constantly re-
ceiving from the publishers, at the North, a great variety
of School Books, in every department, and which will be sold
at the same prices as if bought from the publishers.
Parents and teachers will find it to their advantage to examine
the books, and a liberal discount always made when bought by
the quantity. R. FARNHAM.
At the School ancFJuvenile Book Store, between 9th and 10th
streets, Penn. avenue. jan 15
FtRESH FLORIDA WATER.-Just received from
the laboratory of the original inventor Laroque, and for
sale at the old Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store, between 11th
and 12th streets, Pennsylvania avenue. L. JOHNSON.
P. S. A general assortment of fresh Perfumeries, Toilette
Soaps, &c. for sale at the lowest prices, as above. jan 15
FLOUR, CORN, &c.--
S 200 barrels Flour, Clagett's brand,
300 do do different brands,
1,000 do Corn,
3,000 bushels ground Alumn Salt,
800 tons Plaster,
In store and for sale by W. SMOOT,
jan 15-7t Georgetown.
4nfHIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
.-B hath obtained from the Orphans' Court of Charles
county, letters of administration on the personal estate of
Henry Davidson, late of Charles county, Md. deceased. All per-
sons having claims against the said deceased are hereby
warned to exhibit thesame, with the vouchers thereof, to the
subscriber, at or before the 20th day of August next; they may
otherwise by law be excluded from all benefit of said estate.
Given under my hand this 5th day of December, 1837.
Administrator of Henry Davidson, deceased.
dec 9-w4w
FJ1 HIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
has obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington
County, in the District of Columbia, letters of administration
de bonis nor,, with the will annexed, on the personal estate -of
David Bates, late of Washington county, deceased. All per-
sons having claims against the deceased are hereby warned
to exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof, to the sub-

scriber, on or before the 5th day of January next; they may
otherwise, byllaw, be excluded from all benefit of said estate.
Given under my hand, this 5th day of January, 1838,
jan 6-w3w Administrator D. B. N. W. A.
l LOUR.-100 bbls. white wheat Family Flour, very su-
85 bbls. Pennsylvania mountain wheat Flour,
300 do. superfine Flour, most approved brands,
100 do. scratched or fine Flour.
In store, and for sale by W. T. COMPTON,
jan 11-w3t Water street, Georgetown.
3 hhds. and 5 bbls. Whiskey
4 bales Marseilles Almonds
2 do Euglish Walnuts
2 do Filberts
8 baskets Champagne, key and other brands
3 casks Dunbar's Brown Stout
10 kegs prime Butter, Baltimore inspection
200 Shenandoah Roll do
Citron, Raisins, Currants, &c.
For sale low by
dec29-law3w CLEARY & ADDISON.
A CARD.-As persons shall receive their accounts, they
will please call and.settle them, as it is particularly de-
sirable that all accounts should be closed, either by note or
otherwise, before a new one is opened for 1838.
dec 30-w3t (Glo.&Mad.)

H YMNS, selected from various authors, with a Key of
Musical Expression, by Samuel Worcester, D. D. Also,
Watts' Psalms and Hymns, with the preceding selection add-
ed. For sale, between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania ave.
dec 8 R. FARNHAM.


jSAt RDAY, JANUARY 6, 1838.

'The-resolUitions of Mr. CALHOUN., on the relations, &c.
of the State and General Governments coming up, and the
question being on Mr. MoRRis's amendment to the'third
resolution, declaring the freedom of speech and the press
oni all subjects indisputable, and under the supervision on-
ly of the State in which such freedom is exercised---
Mr. MORRIS resumed his remarks by say-
ing that the error which he had committed the day before,
in relation to.the,sentiments of the Metliodist Conferen6i.
had afforded so rhuch pleasure, that he did not regret hav-
ing fallen into it.- He made a brief explanation, which
which was believed to relate to this mistake, (but inaudi-
ble and unintelligible to the reporter.)
What, he asked, was the object of the resolutions un-
der consideration ", It was to restrain and check the liber.
ty of speech and of the press, and their first amid principal
domination was now felt in the Senate. But, he repeated,'
that the attempt to stifle the freedom of speech and the
press in this country, on moral or political subjects, would
be a vain effort. But ilit Wfas sinful to discuss the ques-
tion of slavery, or other subjects relating to other commu-
nities, he asked why they did not. attempt to suppress dis-
cussion by an enactment. If it really threatened a disso-
lution, it deserved the severest measures that the Senate
could adopt against it. Why then not put it down by law
at once!' Let us see the features of such a law, and then
form our judgment respecting it. Would the People sub-
mit to it? Would any man dare to make the attempt
There was no Government in the world that would dare
to do it openly and generally.
,A great deal had been said' about the constitutional
right of a slaveholder'to his slave. The Senator from In-
.diana had said, and it had not been denied, that one effect
of these resolutions was to extend slavery. Mr. M. re-
sponded to that sentiment; and this was one object, if there
was a-ny object at all. But if the Constitution of the Uni-
ted States was held to guaranty the property in slaves,
then that Constitution was, on thispoint, above the law
and Constitution ofvany State, and the act of no State,
therefore, could annul the property in slaves. [" State, un-
der the laws thereof."] Mr. M. had used this argument
before, and it wouldTollow fromit that the States were
all still slaveholding States under the Constitution, and
must continue so, beyond the power of this Government,
unless the States generally should give that power.
The Constitution, therefore, Mr. M. maintained, had
left slavery precyely where it found it. But the framers
of the Constitution had intended that the moral power of
this instrument should abolish slavery in all the Starts, and
accordingly the States began immediately to abolish slavery
on its adoption. The ordinance of 1787, in relation to the
northwestern territory, was adopted by Congress at the very
time when the framers of the Constitutiorn were sitting in
Convention, and the Constitution was adopted two or three
months after that ordinance. Now, could any one believe,
while Congress, in the very face of the Convention, deter-
mined t-hat slavery should'not exist in that vast territory,
that they did not intend that the moral .power of the Con-
stitution should abolish slavery in the whole country 7?
Mr. M. went on to argue that, by the Constitution,
Congress has the power to abolish slavery in the whole
Union. More than twenty thousand- citizens of Ohio were
the friends of emancipation; and he thought, when these
petitions came up here, they did not deserve the treatment.
they received of being called incendiaries, aid being brand-.'
ed wjrh infamy.- the objef
Mr. M1. concluded by explaining theobjecthfhishiend'
ment, which was (he said) to enlarge more fully that which
had been offered by his colleague (Mr. ALLEN.)
Mr. PRESTON said he could see no shade of difference
between the two amendments.
Mr. HUBBARD called upon Mr. MORRIS to point out
the difference.
Mr. MORRIS said, ifthe eagle eye of the member from
New Hampshire couldn't discern between thetwo, it
would'be a hopeless task for him to enlighten him.BEut, he
would ask, if Mr. HUBBARD could see no difference, why
was he so much opposed to his, while he was in favor oftthe
Mr. CALHOUN suggested to Mr. ALLEN to withdraw
his amendment for the present, as only tending to embar-
rass the general question, and to consent to introduce it at
the end of the resolutions.
Mr. ALLEN assented; but, as the, amendment could
,not now be withdrawn but by unanimous consent, it was
agreed that a vote of rejection should be taken on it, pro
forma, that it might be offered by the mover hereafter, when
all the resolutions should have been acted on. The vote
being accordingly taken, the amendment was negative.
Mr. DAVIS then urged the propriety of Mr. SMTHn's
amendment being now taken up. It appeared to him the
object of Mr. ALLEN'S amendment had been to get rid of
the other; and now that it was withdrawn, he thought the
question ought to be taken on the amendment first offered
by Mr. SMITH, of Indiana.
The question, however, being announced from the CHAIR
to be now on the third resolution-
Mr. PRENTISS rose, and said that, as the re-
solution under consideration had been considerably modified,
and rendered somewhat plausible by amendments, he wish-
ed to say a word or two before the question was taken up-
on it, in explanation of the vote he should give. He had
cared very little about any of the amendments which had
been offered, and should feel quite indifferent as to the/fate
of any amendments which might hereafter be proposed,'be-
cause it was his intention to vote against all the resolu-
tions, without any critical examination into the truth or
correctness of any of the propositionscontainedin them. He
should do this not only for the reason which had been fre-
quently stated, that the vice of nullification was apparent
upon the face of the resolutions, but for another reason al-
so. It was obvious that they could neither add to nor
abridge any of the constitutional rights of the People, by
any resolutions they could adopt.; and he deemed it not

only unnecessary and useless, but highly inexpedient, to
make a formal declaration of rights there, to assert abstract
principles, in the form of resolutions, having no view to
any practical results, and which might not only be liable
to misconstruction and misapplication, but might occasion
thereafter as much controversy as to their meaning as did
the famous Virginia resolutions of '98. He did not wish
to go into the subject at all, but merely to say that he
should vote against all the resolutions, because he consider-
ed most of them wrong in principle, and all of them unne-
cessary and inexpedient.
Mr. DAVIS next rose. He said that he had
several times briefly addressed the Senate upon this sub-
ject, which for two years or more had been greatly agitat-
ed, more so, probably, than was useful. As ling ago as
that, an effort was first made to suppress petitions upon
the subject of abolition in this body, and from thence till
now the matter had received much attention: at times,
though both here and in the other House much regret had
been expressed that it was agitated at all.
At the first session of the last Congress, after a long,
animated, denunciatory debate, carried on chiefly by the
members from the South, the Senate arrived at certain re-
sults in regard to abolition petitions, in which he (Mr. D.)
did not concur, but a very great majority did. It was pro-
per to recur to the state of things then, and to call to mind
the sentiments of that day. The leading argument in that
debate was, that the agitation of the question was a source
of great danger, pregnant with ruinous consequences to
the country, causing serious obstruction to t;he action of
Congress, and great uneasiness out of doors. And it was
most urgently insisted that it was one of those delicate to-
pics which it was not safe to discuss, which, in truth, we
had no right to discuss, either as regarded the States in-

-, - '. 'i .
is, that the ne presenting the petition d ed c i t hS
to lay it before the Senate, as the Sma fed tecetv
it.T'he Senatoufrom South Carolina COA touer w) s
jn the lead of these measures, and is it:ot true that hec aI
sustained by an overwhelming majority 1 -.' ''
Mr. CALHOUN said the'towsve whieh Ae marked olyt a
not followed at all.. .. .
Mr. DAVIS. I did not mean to say that thedJ lt'of&.d
Senator's proposals was adopted but, that the Senate at
trained the chief purpose he ainied at. .
Mr. CALHOUN. I was in the minfority in every vote i"
This subject. 1 wished to, meet the petitions, a&d i~a
the admission.of them. I wished to talkeiigher ard it
er ground. I was ndt-averse to agitation. .
lr. DAas. I did not allege that thtfenatir wao~ "Si
to agitation, but that it was gene a eeatedand thai
his proposed measures looked to th -eni 'aie'the Piaran
irost fully proves.. If the Senator bhail not ief~rIid
he would.have had no occasion to complaliUr- t&o nwt .
me4for I 5 about to notice what I am aware of, h.B
pripbed'urae of the iemiber was to meet theilme- 'W
era at the' do*, shll' it -in their faces, turn thd rf
stairs, and bil hi ne; andthat he Urged ,tAiI .
to sustain t.itt iew of tht matter., In t'afl kni
was failure; Hiit in liisgeneral oblct ithMb
by different meaqi,. he tid fully suCpeW. He.
friends did erect a.. bairLer 'i iaih asle
barrier insurmountable t9 te tltioCB ani[ Uilf tall
to stop agitation and debate iq this ch srer;-and the pre-
sentation of petition,1 ast cWioi tle: lt| _feot bili-t
ties. Discussion died wvjthi'hi~ arbitrar a"ethe
Sena4e yielded obedience to it. If any t iph ist-
portaice had since been said', it hai escao betpya*
lion. I therefore repeat that 3he oljeet of the tiiafh r,had
been attained ; the pelitionervJlave bee friivtll; i iy-Wt -
out 9 hearing; ,po aspweri-o tir pra.r J.a .ben.ls-4
no, not so' mui h as to say tiey were in $ir.' W~h I..
.wouldask, cquld the Senator -do beond thws, if th Bti-
ate yielded itself tQ his will '
TffSenator from Viginia (Mr.Jl, i said yytdy,
that the States could take care of,.me.elvif %ti' .B
nel through this Goverin-t waa u pfftt. f, 4
nothing from th.aibolitjnt s i i.b own teirt Q .
not the Senate close up tbhis ha eouguetai6 ly '.
it not choked to the top,. e s ht~ inhg can eahn Se
Senate ? What higher or str~ner baier i can b 1 pmft
There is but one-that can be more-effeetal, and that is, t,
make a law of Congress, consisting-of pains amd.peamlties..:
Make it felony, punishable by'imprisonment in t '- i-.
tentiary for any one to p"fition fbr the abolitionfbf l rey in
this District. If therd be nb right to petition, antr the pe-
titioners arikviolators of the Constitution, ddtturber b6f'ihit .
public peace, criminal agitators, threatening.tihe Afety'od-
the Union, t heauch a lawwill be 4th isittioIh ft
expedient.* Let it be brought fofw'~t, fdr it, itl'teg ti.
principles advocated, and jpt memlbeis to vote upoli'A. -
ponsibility beyond a n'eK ex prespion ofpinnm. fe o I
such offenders against the pdblie peaca "libli. jita'
to the judicial tribunal, if such is:the scie of Otgrhm ,
to receive the reward of thehirmerits. T4ts would f
stamp of cortsiste iAy. J thiabctiinei` 'rc temnfti 6lth
results are sound, 'eri 'let -them gotoirth in a.fordthlra
shall he undersoo& ld lel.',- Lel those whe deiimnrat li I
take thd re ~ I oassaa ~eir hands, ahd they itff
soon learn t'h ieosf of t e-blie on this right orpftfidn.
This would be nore manly than to agitate the PCabl icf
threats.. It wol.l fence the People out from the Capit,;
and separate tem from their own Goyqnment. Jt Il o1lt
consign ofenfc to infamy foz .Besumutiuousy daring to
l,4proach ehallst to aike a humble request. T'h sen-
or h'asTot prl ed 6 this len'dth; and irtihgh he
4s qit ri in, isying he was in a minority, yt it i
'obvit th 3tf his main -bject.. Pelitns con-
tinued to co rihFreutndo what end .1-N-elah t-q tR--
heard, nor received. Not one has since come to the'posses-
sion of the Senate so as to be in order for its action; nor,
under existing practice, could one corm-to its posseuruon.
In this state of things, why are wLe appealed to for'new-
measures, which can do no more than accomplish the same
thing, if they do as much 1 Why does the Senator from
Carolina, when so solicitous to exclude from those ihalls
the petitions-when he has steadfastly maintained that:
Congress has no right to debate or act on the subject-whby
does he voluntarily introduce it here ? A stuject'too deli-
cate to-agitate;, one which, it is said, we-oughl not to difs
cuss, and have no right to consider! Why then is dii-
cussion invited Why is examination provoked? hy
is controversy challenged? '
For myself, said Mr. D, I have been disposed to respect
the avowed feelings of Southern Senators; and as they -
seemed to deprecate discussion as a calamity, I have avoided
it, leaving it in the hands of the mover and those interested.
I had no purpose of changing my course till that Senator,
yesterday, threw down the glove, and challenge l discus-
sion, in terms which almost made it dishonorable tb forbear.
This challenge, and this alone, has induced me to rise, for
I had resolved that the Senator should be left free to act
upon the majority, which goes with him, with' whatever
power he might, while he adhered to abolition, although
my own constituents have written to me inviting my at-.
tention to these resolutions; not because of their effect
upon the abolitionists, but because they embrace other
matters of high moment and of objectionable character. I
would have taken the hazard-of disregarfling these calls
upon me, but I could not be silent under the challenge of ^
the Senator.
The Senator says we can bring no objection against his
resolutions while we vote against them, inferring from our
silence that we vote il, a blind and senseless-manner. I
deem his inference, from his premises;' wholly unwarrant-
ed, for the larger portion of the votes we give are recorded
without offering the reasons to the Senate.upon which they
rest. But I have many objections to these resolutions, more
than I shall find physical ability to express, and the strong-
est of those objections are to their political character.
They are not called for, are not more efficient than the
measures now in force, and can do no good. They are, as
has beeinwell said-, (a part of them, at least,) mere abstrac-
tions oi"avowals of abstract doctrines no way demanded by'.

the occasion. They embrace matters having no connexion
with abolition, and call upon us*to commit ourselves, to an
interpretation of the Constitution when there is no emer-
gency arising in the course of our public duty requiring us
to give interpretation to that instrument. Jt is an unne-
cessary attempt to influence the public judgment, and such -4
works of supererogation are best let alone. Any and all
these reasons are a most ample justification for voting
against even that which may seemito be right in the abstract;
for I would give no countenance to making a creed of avow-
als for politicians, and to the publication yy. the Senite of
abstract opinions, merely because they may contain appa-
rent truisms. They ought also to be useful, and put forth
for some useful public purpose. The Senate wouI wbe
foolishly employed to. resolve that two added to two
make four.
But, sir, the leading reason urged for disposing of the
whole abolition matter is, that the agitation of the topic dis-
turbs the public harmony and endangers the Union. I am
quite disposed to respect all such fears and apprehensions,
when urged with seriousness, to listenito public sentiment,
and to yield much to public judgment; and, sir, I am happy
to perceive that the. thought now and then flashes across
the minds of gentlemen that there- are two ends to this
Union, both of which should fall under the protection -and
paternal regard of this Government. We are the represen-
tatives of the whole, and our affections and watchfulness
should be commensurate with the whole. It is,our duty to
see that the whole republic is safe. All interests must be
regarded, all rights must be, protected. We must look to
i lblic sentiment throughout.- No interest, because it is
great and powerful, should be permitted to absorb all public
attention, or to cause a disregard of those of less importance.
All must be nourished, all respected, the rightswof all so
adjusted and harmonized by a spirit of compromise and con-
ciliation as to remove all just cause of discontent. This is
th ..... t, o Tir~lrve the Union. And vet. from the course -

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.+ w ... ,2 L


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* 1.

Vat. XXVI.

_ _.w,% % u r it... v i d% x c,

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^ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ r *'-. -''' ."^ t-




Sho f, political
Power, or those who ave no pE except the rce of
argument' 7
J wish to ask you, sir, what your llqctions are re-
jd to the history of public policy. T have probably-
fr the last thirty years been a witness and participatory in
what has occurred here, and your memory can go much be-
yond that. You know what has been the public feeling on
the subject of the integrity ofthe Union, and what kind of a
reputation those have acquired who have been suspected only
of agitating this alarming topic. How stands the Hart-
ford Convention in public estimation?- How other coin-
ventions and assemblies of men of more recent date, who
were supposed to meditate unfriendly feelings to the Union '
All hostility to the Union has at all times been viewed by
the great body of- the people- with the most profound sor-
row and regret. ThosiL therefore, iho" engage in such
treasonable purposes, do it at the imminent hazard of charac-
ter, at least, for.they acquire a very unenviable reputation.
The abolitionists can have no motive 4o dissolve the
Union. They have never been charged with such an ob-
ject, to my knowledge. Their acts may create alarm and
discontent, which may-tend to that. There may be sel--
fish men among them, for the ambitious always mould the
moving elements, when they can, to aid 'their own selfish
purposes. It would not be singular if such were found
among them, but their number cannot be great. But how
is the abolitionist to be profited, if his wishes are all
realized ? If all the slaves on the globe were made free,
how will it mend his condition ? In no way whatever.
SHe can gain nothing by the change. But they repudiate,
and very properly,-all right to interfere with the States,
and confine themselves to the Territories and the District
Sof Columbia. Their views are thus'limited in extent,
and to the attainment of an object in which they neither
have nor can havd any interest which excites a selfish
feeling, and which does not, in fact, touch the Union, or
threaten it.
:.The worst, then, which can be said of them,' by their
bitterest enemies, is what is actually said: they are de-
luded, misguided philanthropists, fanatics-heated with an
unbecoming zeal. These, and such opprobrious epithets,
have been applied to them; but no one affirms that they
aim -at disunion, nor do I think any one can impute to
them any corrupt purpose, I do not-~iean to touch the
question of the expediency of their course in asking for
immediate abolition in this District. That I will meet
Whenever the Senate will open it by receiving their peti-
tions, but riot until then; for the right of petition is the
higher right, ,rnd must first be vindicated. I shall,'how-
ever, at all times'go for the Union, and the whole Urtion;
and against the abolitionists if they propose to interfere
with constitutional rights or guaranties.
But I again return to the inquiry, who is to dissolve the
Union ? There cannot, I.trust,.be such purpose here, for
'every day we hear the thought deprecated, and the depre-
cation mingled with the most ardent patriotic professions
of love an attachment to the Constitution.
Is the great ,slave interest to do it ? I appeal again to
your recollections, and to those of the Senator from South
Carolina, and ask you whether an interest, so powerful as
to have majorities in both Houses,and to maintain its
'ascendancy in the Govenaient, is likely to have occasion
to secede from the Urri.n through fear or oppression?
Sir, this interest has raled the destinies of the republic.
For forty years out of forty-eight years it has given us a
President from its own territory, and of its own selection.
I do not advert to this in the tone of complaint, for it has
been done at the ballot box; but as a proof of its great
:strength, tact, and skill, and of the extraordinary predo-
Aminance it liolds'over all other interests, bending and
shaping them to its purposes. -During all this time it has
not only'had a President sustaidiing its own peculiar views
of public policy, but through him has held and used, in its
own way, the whole orgaiizdatltipof all the Departments,
and all the vast ai cootrolfiijg patronage incident to that
office, to aid it at"idcarry out its views and policy, as well
as to protect it and secure to i~ every advantage.
Let us explore' little furter, sir, ~nd see how the
Houses of Congress have been organized. I. qm sorry
that I rely on memory alone, for- I may possibly, fall into
error; but I shall be, I think, right as far is 1gp; if not,
the records can easily be had to correct m*.' ,For thirty
years out of thirty-six years, that interest has placed its
own Speaker in the Chair of the other Hotiltethus secur-
ing the organization of committees, and theW g_ tinfluenee
of that station. Ad;-,sir, while all other interests have,
during part of the'i ie, had the'Chair in Wrih 'you pre-
side assigned to them, as an 'eqiivalent'to'r thesegrea;
concessions, yet in each year, when a president pro terni.
is elected, who uon the contingenet~s meft'iped in the
C'-be the President of the United States,
that interest has invariably given us this officer. Look, I
besee~ h you, through all the places of honor, of profit,
and privilege, and there you will find the representatives
of this interest in numbers that .indicate its influence.
Does not, then, this interest hold the destinies of this re-
public in its owni hands l. Does it not rul< guide, and
adapt public policy to its own views, and fit it to suit the
action and products of its own labor ? Sir, I know that
the politicians of the slave country sometimes disagree
"about men and; measures of minor consideration ; but, on
thygreat inter4tt of slave labar and th.i protection of slave
property, they- tand firmly together, aiil, like a Mace-
donian phalani, shoulder to shoulder, gather round it,
and, by mighty and concertd efforts, give it the lead in
public affairs against all opposition. Sir, how can I better
explain its all-pervading influence than to declare again
"i iiftnloves this Government over fifteen millions of souls,
great and energetic as:it is, and disproportionate as is the
slaveholding population to that of the free States.
With this mighty power in your hands, with proof at
every vote taken in this Capitol of your ability to continue
it, can you of this interest entertain apprehensions for your
safety 1 What more do you claim? What more can
you have 1 How can those who- hold power be oppressed?
by those who have none How can those who hold the

power of thisGovernment fear it? I cannot believe there
is occasion in the mind of any one belonging to this inter-
est for ajdissolution of the Union, unless he be ambitious,
unprincipled, and without hope of advancement. It will
be reasonable enough to meet danger from other quarters
,hen it threatens mischief. But, Mr. President, I must
iot omit somal'ther proofs of the toweririg magnitude of
the slave interest here. It claims to itself and- its exer-
tion whatever of merit there is in the overthrow of the pol-
icy of internal/improvements, antfiof having broken down
and rendered unpophulat the policy of so assessing and col-
lecting the public revenue as to protect and encourage free
labor. Over this fast great interest it claims a signal tri-
umph for having defeated it.
I need .pt multiply proofs of the zeal, activity, and sin-
- gular success of..those who manage this interest. The in-.
tegrity of the I~lion is probably quite as important to the
slave territory-~ to the free. I cannot, therefore, credit
the suggestion ,hat the people of the South-are so blinded
to their interestrai to court so calamitous a result. What
then is it that shakes this greatrepublic so that it reels upon-
its foundations ? So thatwe are brought to a solemn pause
here in thr public business, and are gravely and solemnly
devising remedies to redeem us from threatened luin ? Sir,
we have a set of resolutions,,nearly concocted, that are to
*, So forth with healing power to calm thepubic mind, to al-
lay the outbreakings of fanaticism, and to tranquillize the
raging elements. The opinion of the majority of the Sen-
ateisito work out this extraordinary result. But I again dsk,
what it is tiat we are contending with ? What that threat-
ons calamity, and ia thus easily to be subdued ? It is the
abolitionists who come here in no very alarming numbers,
Though the course pursued here has increased the aggre-
gate, not to threaten the Government or to menace the
Union tno, sir, not at all, but humbly to entreat and pray
you to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia, where,
I believe, there are about foity thousand people of all co-
lors. Sir, they have claimed nothing but the right to beg
and pray of the Senate to use its power for this purpose
' What more humble and less objectionable right can be
claimed by man than the right of respectfully entreating?
Yet, sir, the exercise of this poor privilege, by persons
mostlyy females too;1ias brought us into grave deliberation,
to rescue the Union from impending dissolution. Sir, I
Cannot participating these fears, nor persuade myself that
such causes will pri(uce such results, or that the Union
Swill he attacked unless the, proivcation is given here.
These abolitionists are. in, the free States. It has often
i been aiti, and, was a da, or two past reiterated by the Se-
kato,r. front MKissouri (Mr. BFNTro ) that theirbooks, papers;
prints, &c. cannot enter the slave country, and therefore
would do no harm t ere, even-if-the slaves could read, as-
they never can reach them. It seemed also to be admitted
*by the Senator from .Virginia (Mr. Rives) thatthere is no

treated more temperately. There would probably be no ex-'
citement among the slaveholders if it was not roused here;
and there would be less here, if the flame kindled elsew here
by the breath of these halls did not impart its warmth to
this body.
But, sir, I return, to the- inquiry, what is to be hoped
from these resolutions Where are their healing proper-
ties, their power to assuage resentments, and to allay irri-
tated passions ? Are we now agitating the matter to any
useful purpose? I read them, and while a part of them
seemed to me to contain certain doctrines on slavery accord-
ing with the sentiments of the mover, the residue seemed to
be a mere avowal of a political creed. Not being quite cer-
tain that I was right in the matter, I was minforted when
myfriend from Delaware (Mr. BAYARD) rose and expressed
the same sentiment. They professed to treat of abolition,
but the worthy Senator declared that, on lifting the veil, he
had discovered nullification concealed under the first of the
series. He pointed the little fellow out to us hidden snugly
under a thin covering of State right gauze.
Now,: sir, I ask the Senate to look at that resolution. It
is in these words:
"Resolved, That in the adoption f the Federal C1on~tiutioin,
the States adopting the same acted, severally, as free, indepen-
dent, and sovereign States; and that each, for itself, by its own
voluntary assent, entered the Union with the view to its increas-
ed security against all dangersyldomestic as well as.foreigri, and
the more perfect and secure enjoyment of its advantages, natu-
lal, political, and social."
And to inquire whether it has any apparent connexion with
the abolition of slavery. The mover has already been ask-
ed what he means by this resolution? How itis pertinent
or applicable to the matter in hand What was his an-
swer ? Did he say it was'to allay excitement, to suppress
debate, or to-check petitions ? No, nothing of this-but
he did, in substance, affirm that it was introduced is a sort
of constitutional platform, upon which, as a newly'disco-
vered footing, the Senate were to gather together and stand
at this momentous crisis. The Constitution itself, without
Senatorial amendments, is broad enough and good enough
for me to stand upon. Sir, there have been many plat-
forms, creeds, and confessions of faith, allof which are de-
signed to tier down freedom of thought' and action, and
which in general I do not believe have subserved any va-
luable purposes. They are designed to carry out particu-
lar doctrines, and so the Senator from Carolina avers in
regard to his. He says it embraces the doctrine of '98,
and it is expedient occasionally to reiterate fundamental
principles. Magna Charta was reaffirmed, and hence the
propriety, even upon this occasion, to reiterate and reaffirm
the fundamentals of the doctrine of '98.
What, sir, is the doctrine of '98? The Senator has had
some bitter experience in this matter. He knows where
it led him; he knows what results he has contended for
under its authority, and he knows that many others, now
on this floor, who claim to respect with equal deference
the doctrines of'98, travelled pathswidely divergent from his;
paths so opposed that they led to sharp, bitter, and alarm-
ing conflict. This ought to teach the Senator not only the
folly, but the danger of putting forth abstract theories upon
the Constitution.
But the Senator advances this theory because it contains
the only conservative principle-the only remedy for the
slave States. And what is that conservative principle, and
what the remedy ? The Senator from Delaware, in giv-
ing definition of the meaning of the resolution, solved, per-
haps without designing it, this principle and remedy. The
mover's view of State rights is, as I understood them, that
the United States are confederated corporations; each a
party to the Constitution in the nature of a treaty or con-
federation; and when this Government, or perhaps one of
the States, in the judgment of a State, sflall violate this
compact, it may declare the whole contract void, because it
has been broken, and cease to observe it with the same
freedom and upon the same principles that one nation de-
clares a treaty null because' the other party, in its opinion,
has violated it. This must be the remedy-the right to se-
cede from the Union when a State sees cause; and what
is this but nullification? The resolution is capable of two
constructions: one to bear out the Senator's view; the
other the view of those who hold to a different construc-
tion of the Constitution, and still call themselves State
rights politicians. But what advantage can there be in
avowing an opinion that can only excite controversy about
its meaning. It is futile to attempt to make the Constitu-
tion broader or n rrower, for we have no power to add or
diminish. We may sanction puzzling theories about the
probable intention of the United States, but the Constitu-
tion must and will speak for itself, be the opinions-of this
'Senate what they may. The Public will look upon aich
jets as they are-u nnecessar,and obligatory upon nobody,
as mere attempts to give direction to the public judgment.
Sir, I ask the Senator and the Senate to read the pre-
amble td the Constitution, which I now bring to their at-
tention :
< We, the People of the United States, in order to form a
more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic "tranquil-
lity, .provide for the common defence, promote the general wel-
fare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our pos-
terity, do rdain and establish this Constitution for the Ur.ited
States of bn erica."
And compare'it with this first resolution; observe its
unequivocal language, "we; the People," &c. instead of
the States, as corporations, and see how they will stand
together. But, sir, I will not dwell on this matter, which
has been again and again argued by the best talent in-the
country. I care not whether the Constitution was made
by the States, as corporations, or otherwise; it makes no
provision for nullification ; gives no countenanceto it, but
leaves it to stand on such theories as human invention has
brought to its aid. I am' in no respect disposed to revive
it, since it has met with signal public condemnation, and
therefore shall vote against all abstractions where its seed
is sown. It is no part of my duty to sit here forming creeds
and confessions of faith for the purpose of experimenting
upon public opinion. The People, I hope, will think and
act for themselves, and will be too wise to entangle their
understandings in the meshes of politicians.
What is the second resolution ? It seems designed to
point out the duties of the States towards one another in

regard to their domestic institutions, and the duty of this
Government to protect each State in the enjoyment of all
such domestic institutions, and to restrain such States as
assail those of other States. This country stretches
through a wide space of the earth-embraces twenty-six
States-some almost under a vertical sun, while others
are in the region of frost. These domestic institutions,
we all know, must be various, and different under differ-
ent circumstances. Those, for example, suited to Loui-
siana, will be ill fitted for Vermont. The views of differ-
ent States, upon the necessity, character, and expediency
of domestic institutions will always conflict, and our or-
ganization was designed for that very purpose. -.The right
of speech, the freedom of the press, the liberty of discus-
sion, are domestic institutions; and are we to be restrained
in the exercise of any of these precious rights, because
others differ from us in opinion, and may hold our reason-
ing against their institutions injurious'? These matters
all belong to the States: and it lies with them to regulate
them at pleasure, and without reference 'to the views or
opinions of other States. If the designs to clothe this
Government with power to abridge the privileges of the
SttLtes, then the Senate can exercise no such authority,
anil had better pause before it acts.
But, sir, I must bring my remarks to a close, as the
state of my health Will not permit me to proceed. I in-
tended to haveexamined the character of these resolutions
more in detail, and to state more fully my objections; but
I must forbear. I cannot, however, sit down, without
asking the Senator from South Carolina again-why he
incorporates political doctrines with this matter-why he
mingles with slavery the annexation of Texas to the
UTrited Statea ? He says we must go back to elementary
principles, to fundamentals. Cio back from where, and
what are we t, go to? Sir, both you and the Senatgr
participated, bilt with quite different sentiments, in that
act of this Gc;vernment sometimes called the Force bill;
and each of yciu had your opinions apon that-celebrated
paper called th e Proclamation. -You were then arrayed
against each ot her. The Senator is about to go back, and
asks the Senate to go with him; and they do go with him,
but where from and where to? He.cannot be going to the
Force bill, or tfi te Proclamation; and doubtless he consi-
ders the Senate as going from them, back to what ? 1
have endeavored, Ito s ow the character of the first resolu-
tion, and the co; instruction which maybe put upon it. It
may possibly be considered an attempt to renew a creed
which the Force bill and the Proclamation had rendered
of doubtful auth, ority. For myself, I had little sympathy
with those who so much lauded the Preclamation, or sc
much condemned the bill. The quarrel was between parts
I. L-. n- _!- __. T -__ _- I.__ L -- -_

Mr. CALHOUN rose and said, that before
he should notice such observations of the Senator from
Massachusetts (Mr. DAIs) as he deemed pertinent to the
question before the Senate, he felt:it a duty which he ow-'
ed to himself, to state distinctly the position which he had
heretofore held in relation to the subject of these resolu-
tions. It is pot true, as the Senator supposes, that my
views in relation to the proper course to be taken have pre-
vailed,- It is just the reverse. Mr. C. said he had, he be-
lieved, been in a standing minority from the time the sub-
ject of abolition was first agitated in this body, till the in-
troduction of these resolutions; and, although he had
steadily objected to the reception of any abolition petitions,
so far from taking a lead in laying them on the tabre, as-
the Senator stated, he had not, in a single instance, made
sudh a motion. He was, on the contrary, wholly opposed
to the course. He had never doubted the folly of the po-
sition, that we were bound to receive petitions, but might-
lay them immediately on the table, without consideration
or discussion. In the original debate, he told the Senator
from Pennsylvania, (Mr. BUCHANAN,) who took a lead in
favor of that course, that it was utterly indefensible, and
that the reasons he (Mr. B.) assigned to prove that we
were bound to receive, would be equally cogent to show
that we were bound to refer, report on, discuss, and decide
on them. He also told him what would be the conse-
quences of his false position, all ofwhich have already been
realized. The Senator from Kentucky has already taken
the precise ground which he foretold would be taken. Nor
is the Senator less mistaken in supposing that he has been
opposed to the discussion of the subject. He has, it is true,-
been utterly and unalterably opposed to any discussion
with the abolitionists. They have no right to come here,
and he was and is for shutting the door in their face; but
he never shunned discussion when the subject came fairly
up, nor would he, so long as the Senator's constituents,
and others, continue to agitate the subject; in proof of
which, he referred the Senator to the course he adopted
in relation to the President's Message, some years since,
on the circulation of incendiary publications through the
mail. So far from avoiding discussion, he raised-a special
committee on-that portion of the Message, made a full re-
port adverse to the President's views, accompanied by a
bill, which gave rise to much discussion. So, now, acting
on the same principle, he had presented these resolutions
as the antagonist of the Vermont resolutions. He touched
on these misapprehensions of the Senator as to his course,
the more fully, as there appeared to be a fixed determina-
tion of late, both in and out of this Chamber, to mistake
his course on this as well as other occasions.. :
But this is not the only instance of the misstatement
of his course by the Senator. He has misapprehended it
as much in relation to the subject immediately under dis-
cussion. Assuming, erroneously, as he had shown, that
his position had been that Congress has no right to agi-
tate or discuss this subject, however presented, he accu-
ses him (Mr. C.) of challenging debate on the present oc-
casion, and says that he (Mr. D.) would have remained
silent had it not been for his challenge. The Senator
greatly mistakes in supposing he had made any such chal-
lenge, and he thought it would puzzle him to state when
and in what terms it was given. It is true, he stated that
the political creed of the Senator, and those who thought
with him, in reference to the origin and structure of our
Government, so far from affording any constitutional pro-
tection against the assaults of the abolitionists, had roused
their fanatical spirit into action, and he had, at the same
time, called on the party generally who entertaifeil it, to
show, if he was in a mistake as to the effect'of their creed,
what protection it afforded. If the Senator has construed
this into a challenge to discuss these resolutions, he must
say he has most signally failed to meet it. He-has wholly
shunned the point on which it was given. He hos note
even attempted to show that the view. which he and his
party take of the Constitution cn afford the least protec-
tion against the dangers which now so seriously menafe
the country and its institutions. His silence he had a
right to consider as conclusive proof of the truth of his as-
sertion, and the Senator ought not to be surprised if, after
this tacit confession, he should turn to those who enter-
tained the opposite constitutional views, and call on them
exclusively to rally to the rescue at this hour of danger.
The Senator was so conscious odfhis weakness on this
point, that instead of attempting to point out a remedy,
when his political theory afforded none, he took the oppo-
site course, to deny that there was any danger to be re-
pelled. He told us, gravely, that the abolitionists were no
disunionists; that they had no ambitious.objects; no cor-
rupt purpose; that they repudiated all interference with
the-States; that they only aimed to abolish slavery in the
Territories and in this District, where there were not more
than 2,000 slaves; and that they claimed no right, but to
beg you to grant them the innocent and harmless boon they
craved, (of cutting our throats and burning our houses,)
and that these beggars were but a handful, of whom a
large portion were females. Such is the picture which he
gives of this small band of innocents, and the harmless
motives that actuate them; and this, in the face-of the
constant, uniform, and open avowal, that their object is
the total abolition of slavery in the States, as well as in
this District and the Territories, and that they consider the
abolition in the latter but as the first step to abolition in
the former.
But lie had received a letter that very morning from one
of the fraternity, of high standing and authority, which
gave a very different account of this small corps of humble
beggars. He says that they count 1,500 societies, ave-.
raging 100 individuals each, and are growing at the rate
of one society a day. Here, then, we have 150,000 per-
sons regularly organized, with a copious revenue, and 'an
extensive and powerful press, (a large portion of whom are
the Senator's constituents.) who. are waging regular war
on the institutions of the Southern and Western States--
institutions that involve not less than $9.00,000,000 of pro-
perty, and.the prosperity and safety of an entire section of
this Union, in violation of the most solemnly plighted faith,
and subversion of the fundamental principles of the Con-
stitution; and yet the Senator can see neither harm nor
danger in all this. When we see one of his enlightened

understanding, and usually correct sentiments, thus think-
ing and feeling, what m stbe the tone of those with whom
he is daily associated, which could so blind his understand-
ing and blunt his moral perception ?
He next tells us that the abolitionists can do no harm;
that their publications cannot circulate in the slaveholding
States, and can do no mischief in the non-slaveholding
States; that the'evil exists here, where too much excite-
ment exists, and that if we would keep perfectly cool and
patient, and hear ourselves and constituents called robbers
and murderers, and our rights and property and lives at-
tacked, without moving hand or tongue, all would be well.
Accustomed, as he has been, to respect the Senator for his
sober and correct judgment and feelings on most subjects,
he could not but be surprised at the language which he
has held on the present occasion. Is his judgment so per-
verted that he can see no danger to the Constitution and
the Union, for which je professes, and, he doubted not, sin-
cerely, to have so much regard, in' the thousands of publi-
cations and lectures which are daily issued and delivered,
holding up, in the blackest colors, the character and insti-
tutions of nearly one-half of the Union-exciting towards
them the deepest feelings of abhorrence, to be returned, on
their part, with a detestation not less deep ? Is the univer-
sal spread of this deep, mutual'abhorrence compatible
with the existence of the Union ? If not, is it not time to
arrest it, and, of course, to deliberate on the means of do-
ing it ? Are the Senator's reason and feelings so far warped
that he either cannot apprehend the plainest consequences,
or, apprehending, is indifferent to them ?
But we are next told, for the hundredth time, that these
are mere abstract propositions, and not demanded, by the
occasion; on which account, with various other reasons
that he assigns, he cannot vote for them.
It was, he would suppose, perfectly needless for the
Senator to assign any reason for voting against these reso-
Slutiohs, or any other measure having the same object in
view, after what he had told us of the abolitionists, and the
purity and harmlessness of their objects-; nor is it at all sur-
prising that he should think that there was no necessity
for their introduction. But those who regard the subject
Sin a different light, who see danger where the Senator sees
nothing to apprehend, and crime where he beholds inno-
Scence, will come to a very different conclusion. They will
think it high time that this body should.define its position;
should declare its opinion as to those unprovoked assaults
Sof one portion of the Union on the other, and take the
Stand it intends to maintain in resistance to them; and
that the opposite course, to remain silent, or tamper with
the disease, is neither becoming its dignity nor its duty.
As to what the Senator has thought proper to say about
the secret mischief lurking under these resolutions, about

The Senator asks, why mingle abolition with political
matters 1 Why with the Texas question ? He knew not
how to reconcile such questions with the respect which he
has entertained for the Senator's intelligence and fairness.
Does not the Senator know that we have received hun-
dreds of petitions, and that they continue daily to pour in
on us in one incessant stream, praying that Texas may
not be admitted, on the ground that it would extend the
limits of the slaveholding portion of the Union ? Does he
not know that a sovereign State of the Unioi has come
here with its resolutions objecting to the annexation on the
same ground ? Does he not know that the entire move-
ment on abolition, with the object proposed to be effected,
and the means by which it is to be done, involves political
and constitutional questions and considerations of the high-
est possible magnitude, vital to the peace and safety of all ?
Knowing all this, with what propriety could he ask me the
questions he did ? Does he wish to shitt the burden by mak-
ing those who repel, and not those who assail, responsible ?
'Does he wish,to transfer the odium from those who make
war on our rights and property, tous, who defend them, and
.this, too, in the face of the most notorious facts ?
As brief as has been his notice of the Senator's apology
for the abolitionists, (for such he must consider his speech,)-
it is much longer than he would have made it, had it not
been for the respect which he has had for his talents and
character. He cannot consider the course he has pursued
in his speech as indicative of his actual feelings and fair-
ness, and is compelled to regard it as indicative of the dis.-
tempered state of the public sentiment of those he represent-
ed. Thus viewed, it affords an important lesson to those
he represented. Throughout, not a censure of the aboli-
tionists is whispered. All is excuse, defence, apology.
It is we, not they, who are the agitators ; it is we, not they,
Who are the disturbers of the peace and quiet of the coun-
try ; it is we, not they, who are the assailants; it is we,
not they, who harbor ambitious and improper designs; and
finally, it is we, not they, who meditate disunion. It is no
crime to attack us, but a heinous offence in us to defend
Mr. BAYARD moved to strike out the words the
several States," and insert the words of the Consti-
tut 0on itself, viz. the People of the United States." His
only object was to avoid a committal to a political creed, to
which he could not consent. If Mr. C. would admit this
slight change, Mr. B. would go with him.
Mr. CALHOUN objected, that those words were am-
biguous; they might be taken in a geographical sense,
meaning the inhabitants of the northern continent of Ame-
rica; or they might mean the People, as a People; or they
might mean the People only of the several separate States:
The latter was the only sense he could admit.
Mr. BAYARD urged that the very words of the Con-
stitution, to which every Senator had sworn, could not .
surely be objected to. It appeared to him that Mr. C. was
contending rather to put his own peculiar interpretation
upon that instrument, rather than following the instrument
itself, leaving the interpretation open. This he (Mr. B.)
contended ought to be done. Why, he asked, should Mr.
CALHOUN refuse to take the very words of the Constitution
-itself? .
Mr. CLAY, of Kentucky, said, if the Senator from Del-
aware would frame his amendment according to the histo-
rical fact, in the adoption of the Constitution, Mr. CLAY
would vote for it. The historical fact was, that the Con-
stitution was adopted by the People of the several States,
acting within their respective limits.
SMr. CALHOUN. The Senator, to establish the views
of the other side, has selected a passage for his amendment
which is their whole reliance. We rely on the historical
fact; a-nd the Senator from Delaware ought not to force
his interpretation on us.
Mr. BAYARD. The Senator is much mistaken if he
thinks our views are sustained only bythe preamble (of the
Constitution.) The historical fact is, that it is the Gov-
ernment, in the words of the Constitution, of the People
of the United States." -It is so decided ay Chief Justice
Marshall. When the preamble of the Constitution was
e, the People of New Hampshire, Vermont," &c., the
names of the several States were stricken out, and theex-
isting expression inserted, in order to avoid all ambiguity.
I do not depend at all on the preamble, but on the discus-
sion in the Convention. Ican demonstrate that it was re-
gardled as a Government emanating from the People as a
general body; and on this subject I shall be ready to wield
a laIce with the Senator on any suitable occasion. If the
Senator puts a different construction on those words, be it
so ; do not want to express any particular opinion on that
subjet.. ,
so Mr, w an o expr y p p
SMr. B ~ nD's amendment was lost, Yeas 8, Nays 34;
ad he third resolution was adopted, Yeas 31, Nays 11.

The remarks made by Mr. LUMPKIN, of Geor-
gia, on a previous day, having been imperfectly
heard and defectively reported in our paper, the
following, more correct report is now given, in
justice to Mr. L.:
Mr. LUMPKIN said it was with extreme reluctance
that he approached the subject under consideration. That
reluctance did not arise from a disposition to shrink from
the discharge of the duties which devolved on him. But
the delicacy and difficulty which were attached to this sub-
ject arose from the fact thatit was not a legitimate subject for
discussion in the Senate. By the constitutional compact of
the Union, this subject, if discussed at all, must be left to
the People and the States where slavery exists.
In regard to the resolutions offered by the gentleman
from South Carolina, (Mr. CALHOUN,) I consider it my du-
ty to remark (said Mr. L) that I have carefully and con-
siderately examined them, and am prepared to record my
vote in their favor, as originally submitted. Indeed, sir, I
can but regret that we could not have a direct vote upon
the resolutions in their original form, as I consider all the
amendments which have been suggested tending to muti-
late and disfigure, and lessen whatever of utility the pro-
posed resolutions embraced.
From the remarks which have fallen from the gentleman
from Delaware, (Mr. BAYARD,) in which he considers the
doctrine of nullification, in some obscure form, embraced in

these resolutions, I feel myself called upon, at this stage of
the discussion, to state that my friend (if I may so call him)
from South Carolina and myself stood as antipodes in the
days of excitement upon this doctrine in the South. I was
no nullifier, sir, but opposed it with all my might and
strength. I am still disposed to :cling to the Union with
that emphatic sentiment in my hear and on my lips, The
Federal Union must be preserved." But, sir, I am greatly
deceived if there will be any division amongst my consti-
tuents in regard to the resolutions now before the Senate.
-I believe that ninety-nine out of every hundred of the Peo-
ple of the South will approve of the principles laid down
in these resolutions. Upon this subject, sir, the South is
united as the voice of one man. We have to contend with
a common enemy. And, whatever may be our party names,
we are all State rights men. We go for a strict construc-
tion of the Constitution of the United States. We con-
cede nothing to the Federal Government by implication.
We respect the powers of the Federal Government in its
whole constitutional range; but that range is restricted
and limited to its specified powers of war, peace, treaties:
levying and collecting taxes, regulating commerce, and the
corresponding Legislative, Executive, and-Judicial powers,
This sir, is'the great outline, in brief, of the Federal Con-
stitution; and, sir, this Constitution was brought into exis-
tence by a spirit of amity, and that mutual deference and
concession which the peculiarity of our situation as a people
at that time demanded. If each State had then contend-
ed for, and rigidly adhered to, its own peculiar habits and
local prejudices and prepossessions, as the basis of a Go-
vernment for all the rest, this Federal 'Union of States
would never have been brought into existence. Butn nc
such surrender of opinion or power was required of the
States. The reserved rights of the States secured to each
the free and sovereign right to manage its own domestic
affairs in its own way, rightfully liable to no molestation
or interruption from the rest. The resolutions of the gen-
tleman from South Carolina (Mr. CALHOUN) having beer
brought to the consideration of the Senate, I should b(
L highly gratified at seeing them receive the sanction of this
honorable body; not that I believe they would put an effec.
Stual check to these deluded people called fanatics, but ii
Might serve as a rallying point for the sane. If the wis-
dom of our friends, and the friends of the Union, in the
non-slaveholding States, cannot devise the ways and mrearn
to stay the fury of these infuriated abolitionists, we of the
slaveholding States can only rely upon our own powel
within our own bounds. Whenever we find any of these
disturbers of the peace within our jurisdiction, we must ex-
t ecute our laws-punish them-and punish them in the
Most exemplary manner. They are our inveterate ene

tended upon this occasion, and sincerely hope that the fur-
ther discussion of this subject may not.again make it my
duty to trespass further upon the time of the Senate.

The chandeliers sent forth a dazzling light,
And spltndid lamps and paintings shone around,
The scenery was superb, and all looked bright,
While not one vacant seat could there be found.
Indeed, a prince of high pretensions might
Have viewed the scene without a single frown-
For beauty, fashion, learning, all combined
To form a crowd, genteel, polite, refined.
Then OCEOLA, with his warriors came-
A stern, unbending stoic band they were-
Whose names, in truth, will long be known to fame,"
For deeds of valor, and for love of war.
With car-fings, trinkets, necklaces, and bands,
Heads deck'd with feathers, rings upon their hands-
A group so mild, grotesque, and yet so sage,
Have very seldom looked upon the stage.
I mark'd the heavy thought upon his brow,
Which clung like mist around the mountain top,
And watched his listless mien and careless bow, 9
As tho' he saw the play, but heard it not.
And then his lips would breathe some secret vow,
To strike for injuries ne'er to be forgot,
And peril all, tho' life should be the cost,
To save his native home and country, lost.
The lovely glow of JULIANA'S* face,
Her smiles and blushes, and the tears she shed,
Her splendid attitude, and native grace,
Were, to his war-lit fancy, stale and dead.
Yes, there he sat, subdued, butstill enraged,
(Like the fierce tiger when he's caught and caged,
Will lie composed-yet, when you pass him by,
You'll see a lurking devil in his eye."
The softest strains of music fell unheard,
And every sound seemed lost upon his ear-
While songs that spoke of love in every word,
Nor made him sigh, nor smile, nor drop a tear:
For his wild thoughts, like some unfettered bird,
Flew swift as lightning to that home too dear,
Where his undaunted heart still Longed to go,
To raise the savage yell, and fight the foe.
*The play was The Honey Moon-Juliana by Miss COOPER.

"W1 TANTED.-A trustworthy person as a Nurse for two
infants. A woman of experience in the business, and
especially one who has herself had children, would be pre-
ferred. A suitable person may obtain a corimfortable home
and liberal wages. Inquire at Gen. W. SMITH's, Georgetown.
jan 17
SADDLE HORSE FOR SALE.-Will be sold at
auction on Thursday morning, the 18th instant, between 9
and half past 9 o'clock, in front of Lloyd's Hotel, unless pre-
viously disposed of, a small handsome bay riding Horse, Saddle,
&c. This Horse will be eight years old next Spring; paces
easily, though not fast; trots tolerably well, and canters uncom-
monly well, and is remarkably sprightly. Until the sale, he
may be seen and examined at Pumphrey's Stable, back of
Brown's. E. DYER,
jan 17-2t Auctioneer.
received Waring, Commercial, Damascus, and Eagle
Steel Pens, of excellent quality. Also, in store, eVery variety.
of Perry's, Gillott's, Windle's, and Heeley & Son's genuine
Steel Pens, wholesale and retail, at Stationers' Hall.
jan 16 [Adv. & Met.]
P LANK IOOKS.-All kinds of Blank Books kept
constantly on hand, for sale at the lowest prices, at
Cheap Book, Stationery, and Fancy Store, Penn. Avenue,
jan 17-3t between llth and 12th ste.
LACKWOOl1'S MAGAZINE.-Subscribers to the
above work are repeclfully.requested to call in person at
Station ers' Hall, and obtain the November number just received.
B jan 17 (Adv. & Met.) W. FISCHER.
T EXAS.-Just published dnd for sale at Stationers' Hall,
Texas, or an answer to the objections urged against her
admission into the Union. Price only 12N cts.
jan 17 (Adv. & Met.) W. FISCHER.
20 0 SLAV'tS WANTED.-The subscriber will
0 ~give higher prices, in cash, for hkely youngslaves,
of both sexes, than any other person in this market, or who
may come. I can be find at the large yellow house on 7th
street, or at Alexander Lee's Lottery and Exchange Office. All
communications will be promptly attended to.
N. B. I will pay at all times liberal commissions for informa-
jan 17-eo3m
B LANK BOOKS.-The subscriber has lately received
from the North a lot of half bound Cap Blank Books,
which will he sold at the low price of twenty cents per quire.
Also, Demy, Long Cap, Record Legers, 4to Blank Books at
unusually low prices. R. FARNHAM,
Between Ninth and Tenth streets,
jan 17 Pennsylvania avenue.
"1ARSH'S BOOK-KEEPING.-The science of
double-entry book-keeping simplified in the introduc-
tion of an infallible rule for Dr. and Cr. calculated to insure a
complete knowledge of the theory and practice of accounts, by
C. C. Marsh, accountant, improved edition.
Also, Bennett's American system of practical book-keeping.
For sale,-between 9th and 10th streets, Varnum's Row,
Penn. avenue, R. FARNHAM.
jan 17
]J FOR RENT-The three-story brick Dwelling and
trM Store on 7th st,, opposite the Patriotic Bank of Wasfi-
I ington, next door to Mr. John A. Donohoo. Possession
given immediately. The dwelling, if desired, can be rented
separate from the store. For terms apply toiMessrs. Kneller &
Co., a few doors below the premises, or to the subscriber.
jan 17-3t THOMAS FERRAL.
1 0 REAMS of superior Envelope Paper, large size, are
1! for sale a'tStationers' Hall.
jan 17 [Adv & Met.]

Howard's Compound Sirup of Carrageen, a safe, simple,
pleasant, and effectual remedy for chronic coughs, asthmas,
consumption, &c.
This sirup has deservedly acquired great reputation, and
the confidence of physicians, as a remedy in the cure of pul-
monary diseases. It is not offered as a specific, but will be
found generally effectual in the cure of chronic coughs, asth-
mas, &c. and will frequently relieve obstinate pulmonary dis-
s- When circumstancesadmit, it should be used under the
direction of a physician.
Prepared and sold, wholesale and retail, at my Pharmacy,
near 7 Buildings. FLODOARDO HOWARD.
Also for sale by S. J. Todd, C. Stott, G. S. Farquhar, and
C. Boyle, Washington; G. M. Sofitheron, Georgetown.; Win.
- Stabler and John Sears, Alexandria.
jan 8-2awlmoif (Nat Amer & Pot Adv)

DR. BIGELOW has taken apartments at Mrs. Bihler's,
between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
The most perfect operations for the health and preservation of
the Teeth executed in the neatest mainer. Superior artificial
and natural Teeth supplied. He has letters and recommenda-
tions from gentlemen of the highest respectability.
N. B. Persons afflicted with diseases of the Eye or Ear
are most respectfully invited to call. jan 15--if3t
THE following valuable prizes, amounting to $80,310, con-
sisting of valuable Mills, Farms, Houses, Lots, and Per-
sonal Property of various kinds, &c. situated in Washington
county, Maryland, within two miles of Gagerstown, and six
miles of Williamsport, will positively be d~mwn on the 1st of
February, 1838.
Who will not risk $10 to obtain a valuable Mill, ($33,333,)
or another valued at $16,000, or another valued at $6,600, he'-
sides Farm', Houses, Lots, &c. and thereby obtain a home for
life, for so small a sum ?

1 Prize, valued at
1 Do do
1 Do do
1 Do do
I Do do
2 Do of -
1 Do of
1 Do of
6 Do of,
1 Do of
3 Do of
1 o Do of


667 each.
S 300 each.
SS 250


Letter to a Gentleman in Washington, dated
KEY WEST, DEC. 30, 1837.
DEAR SIR: In my last, I gave you a short description of
Key West, and touched upon its advantages as a naval
rendezvous for the protection or annoyance of the most
flourishing commerce in the. world. In this, I propose to
pursue the subjects of your inquiry.
From its latitude and growth, this island may be pro-
nounced decidedly tropical. Mercury rarely rises above
88 degrees in the hottest day of summer, and has never
but once fallen as low as 45 degrees in winter. The clie
mate is, therefore, mild, and not subject to the same chan-
ges as at places farther north; When. the island was oc-
cupied by Commodore Porter, in 1823, as a naval station,
it was found very sickly, as was alleged by him, principally
on account of the exposed service of the seamen in open
boats, and for the want of the common comforts of life.
Since then, sickness appeared in 1825 and in 1829. But
the buildings are now more comfortable and commodious,
rain-water cisterns are numerous, and the woods are cut
away to give a better circulation of air; and I doubt if a
place can be found enjoying more perfect health than Key
West has during the last seven or eight years. It is but
fair'to predict that every improvement in and around the
town will increase the comforts of the citizens, and render
their exemption from prevailing sickness surer.
But with the finest climate in the world, with extraordi-
nary advantages in natural position, and acknowledged
health, there is yet a great drawback upon the comfort of
the inhabitants in the summer. I mean the insects called
musquitoes. From June to September, after the sun sinks
below the horizon, there is need for all the patience and
philosophy that each can muster to his support.
Perhaps niopart of the world will hold out so great in-
ducements to invalids laboring under consumptive Affec-
tions as this island, so soon as good accommodations Are
provided. A commodious Hotel, I understand, is to be
erected this winter, and several buildings of the better
class are riow in progress, and the day is not far distant
when the feeble and the sick may enjoy all the comforts
their condition requires. ...
The inhabitants are generally orderly and peaceable.
There are several, both male and female,,who would be
deemed excellent society in any community.. Since 1832,
families are constantly locating themselves on the Key,
and the presence of accomplished females tends to give a
higher tone to the morals of any community. It is be-
lieved that there is not only more intelligence among the
inhabitants than at any former period, but also far more una -
nimity and charitable feeling. Perhaps 1 ought to add,
that the ordinances of religion, with regular worship on
the Sabbath, have greatly aided other causes of ameliora-
tion. An Episcopal church is organized, and a clergyman
of great learning and piety is supported here, aided by the
Missionary Society.
As to the business and future prospects of Key West, I
am less able to approach accuracy. The wrecking busi-
ness doubtless stands first on the list, though but few per-.
sons residing on this Key are directly interested therein.
The principal part of the wreckers and owners belong to
Indian Key, and the northern ports. But the wrecking
business transacted here indirectly gives occupation to ma-
ny. The next business is the fisheries-and particularly
taking live fish to Havana market. There are about
twenty Northern smacks employed in this business. And
the returns for the-capital and labot expended are sure and
liberal. The fisheries on the main land for salting and
drying fish for the same market, have been abandoned--
since the Seminole war broke out. These will doubtless
be resumed with success on the return of peace.
Salt Making, which has jot commenced, promises to
be the best investment and pursuit in this island. I say
promises, for the experiment, though successful, is yet in
its infancy. A company has been incorporated, and erect.
ed one string of covered works (about 2,500 salt-work
feet) in connexion with a natural' salt-pond of three hun-
dred and forty acres, at the northeasterly end of the island.
In the works the New Bedford and Bahama plans of salt
making are united, and the result last year was very flat-
tering. The 2,50Q feet making 4,500 bushels of salt, of
an excellent quality, in nine months, which is about six
times the New Bedford yield. These' works are yet in-
complete as respects the ground reservoirs in the pond.
The proprietors believe these can be so improved as to in-
crease the annual yield from one-fourth to one-third per'
foot. Another string of works are just finished', d esti-
mates are made out for two more, on an improved scale,
which, when complete, it is believed, will make the whole
stock yield 20 per cent. per annum; and when 20 or 30
strings are completed, the result must be from 40 to 50 per
cent. per annum. I have carefully examined the salt pond
and its neighborhood. and believe there can be assigned no
definite limit to the salt that may be manufactured here.
This half-way ground, between the North and the South,
is most favorably located to effect sales and the shipment
of salt, inasmuch as vessels in ballast almost always stop
here, looking for freight. As soon as these works are suf-
ficiently extended to inisure cargoes of salt, vessels will
seek it for a cargo when freights are dull, and it can, with
equal facility, be sent on the Gulf or Atlantic coasts.
Other salt ponds, it is said, exist along this chain of islands,
which, at some future day, will make them the Bahamas
(as far as salt making is concerned,) of the United States.
The Lafayette Salt Company is yet in its infancy, and lit-
tle or no aid has, thus far, been drawn from the NIorth. ,
From the results already attained, and the character and
standing of the men at the head of the company, there can
be no doubt of the ultimate and sure value of the stock to
Northern capitalists. The books are now open for further
subscriptions, and it is to be hoped success will crown the
endeasvrs of this company to extend their works to the li-
mit of their i. trter.
As to the future business prospects of this island, I am,
perhaps, less able to give an opinion that should be relied
on. The business incident to wrecking, fishing, and salt
making, I should suppose, would increase as commerce in-
creases, and the salt works are extended, and give a gra-
dual increase to the growth of the place. In case of a war

with a commercial nation, and Key West is not left ex-
posed to capture, it will be a convenient mart for the disp6-
sition of-prizes, and will suddenly increase. In the event,
also, of commercial restrictions; requiring an indirect trade
with any port of the West Indies, Key West will become
a depot for merchandise, and become a busy mart. It is
now increasing in buildings, and when the Seminoles, if
ever, are removed from the peninsula, the fisheries and ag-
riculture will contribute to add to the business and comforts
of this place. On the whole, for the reasons above stated,
I consider Key West as a place of much higher importance,
every way, than my own or the general impression had
heretofore assigned to it. Yours, &c. .

W RS RONCKENDORFF has tivo comfortable
COhambers unoccupied, and wvil be pleased to'aecom-
modate a gentleman and lady, or two gentlemen, with Board.
jan 17
F. TAYLOR, in pamphlet form, An Examination and
Review of a painphlet printed and secretly circulated by M.
E. Gorostiza, previous to his departure from the United Etates,
and by him entitled Correspondence between the Mexican
Legation and the Department of State of the United States re-
specting the Passage of the Sabine." jan 17
LI FOR RENT-A large two-story brick HOUSF,
situated on Maryland Avenue, in a healthy and desire k -.
l able neighborhood, with a large lot adjoining, and ev-
ery convenience attached, such as stable, carriage-house, &c.
Possession can be given immediately. To a good and permanent
tenant the terms will be moderate. Application to be made to
Mr. Wm. Lloyd, living near the premises, dr. to the subscriber.
jan 17-eo3t JOHN PICKRELL.
at auction.-the Trustees arid Directors of the above
Company hereby give notice that a public sale of lots, in the'
City of Appalachicola, will take place there on the second
Wednesday, being the fourteenth day of March next, under
the direction of Joseph Delafield, Esq. the Agekt of the Com-
SThe Agent is also-authorized to sell at private sale that part
of the Company's land lying on both sides of the Railroad, be-
tweeh Tallahassee and St. Mark's: and also the land lying-on
the Ocklockonyland Little rivers, in such quantities as may be
agreed upon. Also, any other tracts.which nmay be wanted.
A company of Surveyors are now employed in laying out said
tracts preparatory to a sale..
The terms of the public sale will be one-fourth cash, or ap-
proved drafts at 60 days on one of the Northern cities. Th*
balance in three equal annual payments with interest; and
when ,nid navments are completed, a clear title will be given.

*' <



A message was received from the Presidentpof the United
States through Mr. A. VAN BUREN, his private Secretary.
The following petitions and memorials weie presented
and referred:
By Mr. McKEAN: The memorial of J. N. Barker and
others, of Philadelphia, remonstrating against repealing the
law establishing an express mail. Referred to the Com-
mittee on the Post Office ard Post Roads.
Also, two petitions from citizens of Philadelphia,,pray-
ing Congress to adopt measures, for finishing the frigate
Raritan. Referred to the Committee on Naval Affairsm
Also, a memorial from young men of Philadelphiai re-
monstrating against annexing Texas to the United States.
Laid on the table.
By Mr. RUGGLES : The memorial of Jos. H. Adams,
President of the Ocean Insurance Company, and of a nunm-
ber of other officers of Marine Insurance Companies,
and of a number ofthe merchants of Boston, for the erec-
tion at the entrance of Boston harbor of'orie of Morse's
Perpetual Fog Bells. The memorial commends the inven-
tion as an important one'to the commercial community, for
the invention of which, Mr. Morse has received a gold
medal from the Mechanics'Association of Boston, and the
highest reward in the power of the New York Mechanics'
Institute to bestow.
Mr. R. also presented the petition of several shipmasters
and branch pilots of Boston, for the same-object.
By Mr. MERRICK: For indemnity for Spanish spo-
liations. y .
By Mr. TALLMADGE: From importing hardware
merchants 6f New York, praying the repeal of certain
clauses in-the second section of the tariff act of 1832.
Laidin the table, as a bill ~br that object is already in pro-
SBy Mr. YOUNG: For the establishment of a post
By Mr. RIVES: A remonstrance against the reinstate-
ment of officers in the Navy who have withdrawn or been
PIERCE, SMITH, of Indiana, and MORRIS, all on
individual claims. ,
Mr. SWIFT again presented the resolutions of the Le-
gislature of Vermont, in relation to slavery and the slave
trade in the District of Columbia and Territories, and
against the annexation of Texas to the Union. Mr. S.
accompanied the presentation of theresolutions with some
reniarks, and moved that they be received.
A discussion arose on the subject, in which Messrs.
HOUN, SWIFT, WHITE, and ROANE participated.
Mr. STRANGE moved to lay the motion to receive the
resolutions on the table; which was negatived-Ayes 12,
Snoes-26.. :
On motiori of Mr. SWIFT, the resolutions were then
received, and laid on the table for the present.
Mr. WRIGHT, from the Committee on Finance, re-
ported a bill, imposing additional duties on certain public
officers as depositaries, creating receivers general of the
public money, and to regulate the deposits of the public
money. .
The bill was read, and ordered to a second reading.
Mr. WRIGHT,moved that it be made the special order
for this day week.
Mr. CLAY, ofKy., said hi would like a little longer
time. The Senate had been in session a great while, and
public expectation was high on this subject. Mr. C. had
never seen a section f the bill; he understood that its de-
tails were numerous and he therefore hoped that more
time would be given for the consideration of a bill of so
momentous a character.
Mri WEBSTER rose, he said, to make two questions.
In regard to this, and other measures of the Government,
he had no disposition to oppose delay, with any purpose of
thwarting them. This, however, was one of the most im-
portant subjects before the Senate, and of great interest to
the community; he, therefore, desired as much delay as
was consistent with a due regard to the convenience of
the Senate. He also wished that the bill and all its pro-
visions should be made as generally known as possible.
He therefore moved that the bill be made the special order
Sfor this day tfo weeks, and that 1,500 extra copies be or-
dered to be printed.
Mr. CALHOUN expressed a wish that the postpone-
ment might be only to this day week, and not a fortnight,
as proposed by Mr. WEBSTER. He thought a speedy ac-
tion on this important measure highly desirable. It did
not require any more discussion, as it was fully discussed
last session, and the country was well acquainted with its
The question being taken on Mr. ,VVEBSTER'S motion,
the bill was made the special order for this day two weeks:
Ayes 22, noes 20; and 1,500 extra copies were ordered to be
Mr. PRESTON, on leave, introduced a bill for the re-
lief of Dr. Thomas Cooper. Read twice, and referred.
Mr. SEVIER offered a resolution calling upon the Sec-
retary of War to examine the papers of the Cherokee
Prince Leocheehau, and to give his opinion as to the lia-
bility of the United States for depredations committed upon
his property.
Mri. BUCHANAN said, that having seen this morning
in the National Intelligencer that the statement of Col.
McNabb about the Caroline had created great excitement
in the militia on the frontiers, so as to render the preserva-
tion of peace yet more difficult than it was before, he was
anxious to take' up the bill to prevent conterminous colli-
sions, and-to give authority for the seizure of arms intend-
ed to be used against neighboring Powers.
The Senate refused to take it up at this hour, (it being
late,) and
On motion ofMr. L1NN, adjourned.

The CHAIR having announced that this was the day
on which, by a resolution of the House, the report of the
Committee on Elections on the claim of two new members
from Mississippi to a seat in the House was to be taken up
for consideration-
Mr. BRONSON offered the following resolution:
"Resolved, That Messrs. S. S. PRENTISS and T. J. WOaD
are not members of the 25th Congress, and are not entitled to
seats in this House as such."
Before any decision,on this resolution-
Mr. WISE, by leave, moved, as preliminary, a resolu-
tion, which, on suggestion of ,Mr. BELL, he modified so as
to read as follows:
Resolved, That S. S. PRENTISS and T. J. WORD have
leave to occupy a seat within the bar of this House pending the
discussion of the report of the Committee on Elections upon
their petition ; and that they have leave to speak to the merits
of the petition and the report of the committee thereon."
Mr. HOWARD here presented a statement in manu-
script (there having been no time to print,) by Mr. CLAI-
BORNE, who is detained by illness from the House, pre-
senting an argument of the case in behalf of himself and
his colleague, and moved that itbe read at the Clerk's table.
After some conversation on points of order, Mr. WISE,
at the suggestion of Mr. BELL, modified his resolution so
as to preserve the words of a similar resolution adopted in
the case of Mr. Arnold.
Mr. FOSTER moved to amend the resolution as fol-
Resolved, That S. S. Prentissand T. J. Word have leave to
appear at the bar of this House, and argue the merits of their
application forseats therein."
This'amendment was debated by Messrs. FOSTER,
to end this preliminary discussion, Mr. BOON moved the
Previous Question.
The motion was sustained by the House, the previous
question put and carried, and the main question on the
adoption of the original resolution was decided in the af-
By order of the CHAIR, seats were now assigned in
the broad passage in front of the Chair for Messrs. PREN-
fr. T- Tx A i T -_ .

Mr. GHOLSON asked Mr.'HOWARD if he had moved
for the printing of this paper
Mr. HOWARD replied that he had not made the mo-
tion, though he thought the printing'would be very proper.
Mr. GHOLSON then said that he and. his colleague
were not before this House.asking its charity for the
printing of this paper: and though they might not be as
able as some to pay printers' bills, they did not beg the
House to pay for it. Mr. G. added another remark, which
led to a reply from M-r.-WISE, of a very angry character,
which was, instantly retorted by Mr. GHOLSON, in a
similar strain.
The CHAIR interposed, in both cases, the moment the
words were uttered.
JIThe reading of the paper was now ordered; and the
Clerk had proceeded-some way in the reading; when
Mr. RENC-HER moved that, in consequence of the ill-
ness of Mr. CLAIBORNE, the further consideration of the
case be postponed.
The paper having been read through-
Mr. BELL offered a resolution makl'ng this report the
order of the day for this lay and every day succeeding,
until the subject should have been finally disposed of.
Mr. RENCHER said that Messrs. PRENTISS and WORD
concurred in the wish that the case should be postponed if-
lthere was a prospect that Mr. CLAIBORNE would be able,'
in any reasonable time, to return to his seat.
Mr. GHOLSON said it was his own desire, and that of
his'colleague, that there should be no delay, but that Mr.
BEuL'S motion should prevail.
Mr. BELL modified the resolution so as not to make
this subject the order of the day till one o'clock each day,
in which form it was agreed to.
The question now recurring on the resolution moved at
the commencement of the sitting by Mr. BRONSON, viz.
"Resolved4, That S. S. PiENTISS -and T. J. WORD are not
members of tlie 25th Congress, and are not entitled to
seats in this Hbuse as such."
Mr. UNDEIWVOOD moved for the printing'of Mr.
-CLAIBORNE'S statement, which had been read. On this
motion a desultory debate arose, in which Messrs. UNDER-
took part; when, to save time, Mr. UNDERWOOD Withdrew
his motion.
The motion was immediately renewed by Mr. CILLEY,
and the discussion renewed'by Messrs. CILLEY, PENNrY-
UNDERWOOD, when, the question being put, the printing
was ordered.
Mr. DAWSON, of Georgia, after some allusion to the
very painful occurrence between Messrs. GHOLSON and
WISE, moved the following resolution: -
"The hon. SAMI. J. GHOLSON, a member of this House
from the State of Misissippi, and the hon. H. A. W\ISE, also a
member from the State of Virginia, having spoken language
subject to the sensure of this House, because in violation of its
Be it therefore Resolved, That those gentlemen do now
make submission to this body."
As this motion had relation to a question of privilege,.
the CHAIR decided that"it took precedence of every subject'
before the House.'
Statements were then made by Mr. WISE and Mr.
GHOLSON, (in the course of which both were called to
order by the CHAIR;) after which,
Mr. GLASCOCK moved to lay the resolution of Mr.
DAWSON on the table. He withdrew the motion, however,
at the request of
Mr. MERCER, who quoted .Jeffers'bn's Manual to,
prove that the motion of Mr. DAWSON, hot having been
made immediately after the occurrence, was out of order.
He then, in compliance with a promise to Mr. GLASCOCK,
renewed the motion to lay the resolution on)te table ; and
it was laid on the table.
Mr. MERCER then offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That Messrs. GHOLSON and WISE, members of
this House, between whom warm words have passed in debate,
be required by the Speaker to declare in their places that they
will not prosecute further the quarrel which has arisen this day
between them."
This resolution was supported at great length, and with
great feeling and earnestness, by Mr. MERCER.
Mr. JENIFER, believing that it would aggravate, in-
stead of allaying, the excitement, moved to lay the resolu-
tion on the table.
'On this motion, Mr. MERCER demanded the yeas and
nays, which, being taken, resulted as follows: Yeas 78,
nays 123.
So the House refused to lay the resohition on the table.
The debate was further continued by Messrs. HOW-
GLASCOCK, CUSHING, and REED, when the House,
without-coming to any decision, on motion of Mr. JENI-
FER, adjourned.

In the House of Representatives, on Monday, Mr. Ew-
ING presented the following petitions, viz.
Of M. Bruillet, for compensation of a horse lost in the public
Of Wm. Purcell, for compensation of two horses lost in the
public service.
And the claim of D. S. Chambers, for deficiency of land pa-

MESSRS. EDITORS: As one of your constant readers, I
must take the freedom of remonstrating, in behalf of my-
self and others, against a sore grievance. During the pre-
sent session of Congress you have adopted the practice of
giving in detail all the petitions presented to the two
Houses, not only on private claims, pensions, &c. (which
interest nobody but the petitioners, and the notice of which
might well be dispensed with until reported on,) but also of
the swarms of petitions about slavery and Texas; and, if
they go on increasing, they will soon take up your whole
paper, to the exclusion of every thing else. You have
adopted the practice, I suppose, either to gratity the mem-
bers presenting these petitions, or to entertain and instruct
your readers. If it be for the latter reason, gentlemen, I
beg you t6 believe that you are egregiously mistaken-unless,
indeed, their insertion is paid for, and then your readers
might tolerate them as those other necessary evils-tax
lists, &c.-because they would then have at least the con-

solution of knowing that if they are annoyed you are ben-
Look, gentlemen, for instance, at this morning's Intelli-
gencer. Out of the near six columns of Congressional
inatter which you gave us, three of them are taken up with
an enumeration and description of individual petitions pre-
sented on the subject above referred to. In the name of
mercy, gentlemen, if these endless petitions must be no-
ticed, would it not be sufficient for all the purposes of pub-
lic information to state that Mr. A B presented so many
petitions from so many inhabitants of such a State, without
giving them all and each in detail as at present? Think of
this, I pray you, and see if the evil be not susceptible of a
remedy. A READER.
[Here is a correspondent who objects, on general grounds,
to a practice of recent growth, which, we supposed, con-
cerned only ourselves, byhe expense it involves, and our
advertising customers by the space in our columns of which
it deprives them of the use of. We do not (as our corres-
pondent appears inclined to) consider the publication of the
list of petitions an evil in itself, but, on the contrary, as
desirable, if made at the cost of those whom it benefits,
that is, of the Public generally, and not of the proprietors
of newspapers, to whom, without any advantage, it is in
fact a dead loss. But until very lately, these lists were not
published, and are now published only partially; that is,
so far as those who present these petitions communicate the
names, contents, &c. to the Reporters. We shall not, for
a time at least, refuse a place to these petition lists; but,
as well to avoid taxing too heavily the good-will of publish-
ers, as to make the publication general, authentic, and reg-
ula., it is really highly desirable that the House of Repre-
sentatives (or perhaps both Houses) should cause these
things to be published daily, or periodically, in some one
or more papers published at the Seat of Government, pay-
ing therefore a reasonable compensation, such as is paid for
ordinary advertising. Such a regulation would at least he
an approach to a compliance with the positive injunction,
which is now effectively a DEAD letter, in the Constitution,
that "each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings,
and from time to time ubhLi.h hthA. amem."--l nrrna 1

"Liberty and Union, now and forever, one aiid

In the Senate, yesterday,.a bill was report d
by the Committee -on Finance, embracing the
project of the Administration, varying conside,-
rably from the sub-Treasury scheme of the late
extra session, and by so much the more excep-.
tionable as it varies from that scheme. The
bill is of great length, and we have no means
of obtaining a: copy of it. The following is,
however, a summary of its principal provisions:
First. Certain rooms in the new Treasury
Building, with safes and vaults, are to consti-
tute the Treasury of the United States,
Second. The Mint and the Branch Mints are
also to be public depositories of the public mo-"
Tird. Certain special depositories are to be
create,, viiz, in Charleston, New York, and
Boston, r and officers to be appointed therefore, ta.
be called Receivers-General, with salaries, &1c.
Fourth. In certain cases, collectors of public
moneys may make special deposits in banks
the,'key upon such depositories to be retained
by the depositing officer.
Fifth. Many .provisions are proposed, by
bond and otherwise, for the security of money
in the hands of those,officers.
Sixth.' Exclusive specie payments, for all dues:
and ebts to Government, to be required after a
certain time: say, four or six years hence.
SAnothier feature, if we understand aright, an-
nals the-equisition of specie payments at the
land offices, permitting the alternative of paying
the money into the Treasury at Washingtdon,
certificates of such payment to be received as
cash at the land offices.

ure of the Commonwealth's Bank, it appears,
has been anticipated by well-informed persons4
in the cify of Boston for several months past.-
The following remarkable paragraphs, referring
to that institution, are extracted from the file of
the Boston Atlas:
Is it not true that one of the deposit banks in this city.
-4the bank of the new-fashioned "Democracy"(!)-the
,Pet par excellence of the Administration-would have
been compelled to sop payment on the day of the general
suspension, even if the bank? in New York and this city
had continued to pay.? Was it not brought up short,
the day before-unable to pay its balances-and with %
few pieces of foreign gold, and less than a hundred dollars
in silver, roi. the sum total of specie in its vaults 1
No sooner did they receive the deposits, than the pet
,banks commenced a career of the most blind, reckless, and
profligate speculations, that ever disgraced any age or na-
tion. And who took the lead in themin Pet-Bank di-
rectors, officers, and stockholders-custom-house officers,
navy agents-leading partisans of the Administration.
And where did the money come from ? What paid'-foar
Eastern lands-Western lands-the piles of granite on
our wharves-to insinuate nothing qf the monument of
Spoils Patriotism in the vicinity of Dorchester Heights ?
BILLS OF THE PET BANKS. And to whom were these
loaned ? To the- Whig merchant ? NOT AT ALL. To
the noisy partisan and the hopeful convert. The Pet
Banks had a double duty of payment and proselytism;
they were to reward the fidelity of old friends, to enlight-
en, encourage, and .stimulate the new-born zeal of the

HOGAN & THOMPSON (of Philadelphia) have in press,
and will publish in a few days, a work with the following ti-
tle: Hints on a System of Popular Education.; addressed
to'R. S. Field, Esq. Chairman of the Committee on Edu-
cation in the Legislature of New Jersey, and to the Rev. A.
B. Dod, Professor of Mathematics in the College of New
Jersey, by E. C. WINES, author of Two Years and a
Half in the Navy," and late Principal of the Edgehill
School. 12mo.
We have had an opportunity of examining some of the
sheets of this work in its progress through the press, and
have been struck with the very able and clear manner in
which the importance of popular education is illustrated
and enforced. We cannot .but think the work will meet
warm approbation, and be productive of immense good, by
drawing the attention of the Public to this very important
subject, and urging it with the force of conviction upon
their minds.--Conm. Herald.

that a Mr. Klinepeeler, or some similar name, postmaster
at Liberty, Montgomery county, in this State, after peeling
the bark off most of the Van-Jacks of the township, had
decamped with the spoils, some eight or ten thousand dol-
lars, which he had borrowed from his political friends ;
most of the amount without security, such was their con-
fidence in the integrity of Mr. Van Buren's new Treasury
ANNAPOLIS, (MD.) JAN. 10, 1838.
Applications for divorces are pouring in from all quar-
ters. You would suppose, from the anxiety of so many to
be relieved from the marriage vow, that'" the place ofhap-
piness is the single station." There are some curious
cases before the House. One from the Eastern Shore sets
forth that the parties quarrelled the day after the wed-
ding," and now hate each other with a brotherly hate;"
what this last is you will find on reference to Byron's Let-
ters; he said he loved a '.' good hater," and methinks he
would have been enraptured with the swain in this case.
'Tis melancholy, and fearful sign
Of human frailty, folly, also crime,
That love and marriage rarely can combine.
Within a few years divorces have been granted, with
but little objection, for almost any cause, and the indiffer-
ence with which they pass is indeed a fearful sign" of
the absence in the majority of the members of the proper
feeling as to the sanctity of the marriage rite.
I believe no one part of the State is distinguished above
another for the number of its applications for divorces, un-
less it be the city of Baltimore. One divorce, if no more,
has already been granted to persons residing in that city,
and there is a score of others pending.

An attempt, somewhat original, at extorting money, has
been ineffectually played off upon Gov. EVERETT, of Mas-
sachusetts. A letter was addressed to him, stating that
certain parties had it in contemplation to abduct one of his
children, and keep it secluded till he should sign a pardon
for a convict now in the State Prison. The writer said
for ten dollars, to be sent to him through the post office, he
would disclose to the Governor the names of all the parties.
The Governor very properly sent the letter to the District,
Attorney, who caused a letter addressed as requestedsto be
put into the post office, instructing the postmaster to detain
whoever should eall for it. A man named Hollis Parker
did call, was arrested, confessed that he wrote the letter,
andi ini;ta ,i thft it i fn nnm..... ... ....... .-_ :_


We comply with the request of a distinguish-
ed citizen by copying the following article, ard
inviting to it the serious attention of all whom it
in any wise concerns :
To the Public, and to the Managers, Agents, and
; r Conductors of Railroads.
.Thei fiolowing appeal is made in the hope that it may be
the means of saving life, or at least of securing exemption
from cruel injury to some fellow-cieatures.
...The desire to render this appeal as forcible as possible
must be the apology for the gloomy details which accom-
pany it. It.is not to gratify the usual morbid propensity'to
rnad of distress, or to give food to so depraved an appetite,
but, if possible, to produce such an effect upon all concern-
ed, as may be the.means of obviating the evil, which was
the source of all the agony of those hours that immediately
followed the late accident on the PORTSMOUTH AND ROAN-
OKE RAILROAD, and of the cruel sufferings by which it has
been attended.
The writer of this appeal and his only daughter were
part of the company who took their places in the centre car
of three, which formed a part of the train.upon the above-
named-road, on the morning of the 10th of De'ember. Our
fellow-passengers were two ladies, their children, onein-
fant, two female servants, and several gentlemen; the other
cars contained an unknown number, but the third car was
occupied principally by a party of females, who entered it
upon the route, and who Were the greatest sufferers by the
accident which occurred shortly afterward. They were in
high spirits, and were evidently seeking pleasure in their
trip, looking forth with gay countenances and cheerful an-
ticipations of enjoyment, at the very moment that they
were brought to the most excruciating tortures, some of
them to death.
The cars were moving at the rate of 12 or 14 miles an
hour, when a crash was heard, and the writer was con-
scious of a sensation of rising in the air, then fall,1but fur-
ther than this all sensatinti and memory fail, save the agony
of that moment, when his child was before him, fellow-
creatures, including females and children, around, with the
instant conviction that death, in fearful torture, was claim-
ing his victims from among them.
STothe scene which followed no pen can give description.
The three cars had been crushed to pieces, and all whom
they contained, except those only of the second car, were
lying, torn and mangled, on and among the fragments.
The cries, lamentations, and prayers of the less injured,,
distressing as they were, were far less appalling than the
faltered accents of the mother who said, '.Tell my son to
come tome, Iam dyin." She died that nimgt; CQuldany
thing be more agonizing than the situation 6f that poor
girl, who lay with her limbs jammed and crushed by the
iron wheels for hours, whilst all our efforts to relieve her,
in the absence of all means, and far removed from all aid,
were in vain. Let us close this detail by stating that two
burden cars were emptied of their loads, and in them were
placed twelve of those whose cruel injuries and heart-
.rending lamentation's can never be forgotten, and they'
were conveyed back to the nearest station. The remainder,
with the uninjured, were taken on bhy another engine and
.train, which arrived in a few hours at the place of the ac-
The loss of life, the wounds and sufferings of the maim-
ed, were not necessaryconsequences of the accident to the
Engine, but were occasioned by the excessively reprehen-
siblefustom of.attaching burden cars behind the passen-
ger cars. In-this instance the facts and circumstances are
as follows': -'
The road is constructed of light plate rails, laid on wood-
en string pieces and 'sleepers. The end of one of the rails
was loose, and'stood up; it struck the scraper, and threw
the engine off the track and into the side of the ditch, when
its further progress was arrested, the front of the. frame
being buried in the earth. The tender was throw ron its
side, against the back part of the engine, which lay partly
over the track; against this opposing mass, the light pas-
senger cars were crushed to pieces; and the foot of the
baggage car was s:ove in, as it lay upon the pile of ruins,
by the momentum of a number of burden cars loaded
with cotton, in bales, which formed the rear of the train.
It is consistent with the laws of matter and motion, and
many circumstances warrant the belief, that if the passen-
ger cars had been placed behind the burden cars, or if
there had been no burden cars in the train, little or no in-
jury would have resulted to the passengers from the acci-
A pair of horses which were in a car forming part of the
train were apparently entirely uninjured, and a carriage
standing upon an open car was scarcely displaced.
In continuance of his journey, with all these circum-
stances fresh upon his memory, and when the papers had
announced the deaths of two of the sufferers, the writer
entered one of the cars at Washington for Baltimore, and
was painfully compelled to witness the attachment of bur-
den cars behind the train, and this too in the night, when
obstructions upon the road are much more to be feared.
When the agent came round to examine, and collect tick-
ets, the writer made the circumstance a subject of earnest
remonstrance. The agent, with honest candor, acknow-
ledged that the custom was extremely reprehensible, cited
instances of injury from the like causes, regretted that' his
remonstrances had not been attended to, and said that.no-
thing was left to him but to look to his own safety in case
of accident.
In publishing this statement, the writer does not mean
to censure any one; he makes no charge of neglect or
carelessness; but he believes that the parties who had con-
trol were not sufficiently aware of the consequence of the
sudden arrestation, (and the consequent liability to injury
of every thing which intervenes,) of such a moving mass
as a train of burden cars, at the ordinary rate of railroad
progress. He feels that this statement is an indispensable
duty to his fellow-creatures, called for by circumstances
From which, providentially, he is a sufferer only in a slight

Sales This IDay.
Dyer.-On Wednesday next, 17th inst. at 11 o'clock A.
M. I shall sell at the two-story brick house corner of2d street
and Pennsylvania Avenue, immediately east of the railroad
depot, the household furniture of the present occupant, consist-
ing, in part, of-
Mahogany Sideboard and Tables,
Good Ingrain Carpets, Parlor and Chamber Chairs,
Andirons, Shovels, Tongs, and Fenders,
Small Franklin Stove, Mahogany Bureaus,
Washstands, Basins and Ewers,
Bedsteads, good Beds and Bedding.
With many other articles necessary to housekeepers.
Also- Kitchen requisites.
In addition-1 Counter, 2 Show-cases, and Show-bottles.
jan "15--d3t Auctioneer.
evening, and will be continued, if not all sold, on Tuesday and
Wednesday evenings next, at 7 o'clock, under a deed of trust,
for cash, a splendid assortment of Blue, Black, Brown, Oxford
Mixed, Green, and Drab Broadcloths, superfine Stripe, Drab,
and Mixed Cassimeres and Satinets, Gum Suspenders, Sewing
Silks, Worked Capes and Collars, Patent Thread, Sewing Cot-
ton, Spbol Cotton, French Perfumery, Dirks, Solid Gold Breast-
pins, Earrings, Finger-rings, Guard Chains and Keys, Specta-
cles, Eye-glasses, Gold and Silver Watches, Penknives and
Razors, with a general assortment of Fancy articles.
SETH H YATT, Auctioneer,
jan 15-MT&W Opposite Brown's Hotel.
On Wednesday evening, 17th instant, at 7 o'clock, I
shall sell at auction by catalogue, a large and valuable collec-
tion of miscellaneous Books, in plain, fancy, and handsome
bindings. To the lovers of literature in its various branches
a good opportunity offers.
SURVEYORSr COMPASSES.-A few cases of handsome
and superior Surveyors' Compasses remain unsold. These
are first-rate articles, and will be offered at private sale during
the present week. ALEX. McINTIRE,
jan 15-3t (Globe) Auctioneer.
DON.-F. TAYLOR has made arrangements by
which he is enabled to import from London any books (English
or foreign) that are to be found there, upon as advantageous
terms as are possessed by any house in this country.

At a meeting held at the First Presbyterian Church, on
4J street, on the evening of January 14, .1838, to adopt
measures to promote the Sanctiftcdtion qf the Sabbath, in
the city of WASHINGTON and its vicinity,the Rev. STEPHEN
CHAPIN, D. D. was called to the Chair, and J. L. EDWARDs
was appointed Secretary.
The meeting was opened with prayer by the Chairman,
which was followed by an appropriate hymn.
Rev. J. Q. SItTH, of Georgetown, after an appropriate',
address, offered the following resolution, which was second-
ed by the Rev. W. HAWLEY, and which passed unani-
mously,:: .
Resolved, That the-Sabbath was instituted by Almighty God
at the creation, and, as he has never abrogated it, it now remains
in full force.; '
Rev. Mr. MC.LAIN, after some pertinent remarks, offered the.
following resolution, which also was adopted :
Resolved, That the necessity for the Sabbath is fouBndin the'
feature of man and his relations to the Creator.
Rev. Mr. NOBLE, after a suitable address, offered the follow-
ing resolution, which passed :
Resolved, That the liberties and welfare of this nation are
identified with the strict observance of the Sabbath.
The following resolution, offered by the Rev. Mr. WEBSTER,
was adopted :
SResolved, That all abbor performed on the Sabbath, save in
answer to the calls of niercy, is a violation of the law of God.
On motion of Mr. PARKE, seconded by the Rev. Dr. LAUrIE,
the following resolution was adopted : f
Resolved, That the frequent violations of the Holy Sabbath
by professors of religion and others, are great and threatening
evils, and it behooves them- and all others to aid in arresting
their progress.. ,
Rev. Mr. HAWLEY offered the following resolution, which was
adopted: .
Resolved, That theMayor of the city of Washington be re-
spectfully requested to require some of the police officers ol' the
Corporation to perambulate our streets, and the different parts
of the city, on the Holy Sabbath, and suppress, by all lawful
means, the noisy and unlawful games in which the youth and
others of our city are so frequently and wickedly engaged in de-
secration of that sacred time, a'id which so powerfully tend to
,subvert the Christian Sabbath; and that the Rev. Dr. Laurie,
and the Rev. Messrs. Hawley,-Webster, and Parke be a coin-
Inittee to wait on the Mayor, and furnish him with a copy of this
The Rev. J. C. SMITH offered the following resolution, which
was adopted:
Resolved, That, to promote more extensively the objects of
this meeting,'the ministers of all denominations officiating in the
respective churches in this District be requested'to preach on
the strict observance and sanctification of the Sabbath ON or
about the first Sabbath in February next, and thatthe Secretary
furnish each one of them a copy of this resolution.
Col. JAs. L. EDWARDS offered the following resolutipnwhich
was adopted :
Resolved, That Messrs. JACOB GIDEON, jr. J. W. HAND,
and JAcOB NOLLNER be a committee to publish the proceedings
of this meeting, and adopt and prosecute such measures as may
,best promote the sanctification of the Sabbath.
After the benediction,' by the Chairman, the meeting ad-
journed. .
JAS. L. EDWARDS, Secretary.
NATIONAL Tai:ATRE.-The lovers of the drama in this
city have an opportunity of gratifying themselves by wit-
nessing the performances of a great tragedian who is
now playing, under a short-engagement, at the National
Theatre. 'Mr. BOOTH is announced to perform for four
.nights, and it will certainly be the fault of the patrons of
the legitimate drama in this city, if his stay is not pro-
longed for some time beyond that period. For the sake
of the drama's best interests, as well as for that of
the great tragedian himself and the manager, we hopi
that overflowing, brilliant, and-intelligent audiences will
attend the theatre during the whole of Booth's engage-
ment. It is deemed unnecessary to say a single word in
praise of BooTH. His professional merit is pre-eminent,
and has been acknowledged by a host of critics, both in
this country and in Europe. We would'-merely remark
that such is the high estimation in which Boolh's repre-
REACH, and other kindred characters, are held, that they
may be witnessed (,as they have 'been, -probably, in this
country and Europe) a hundred times, without any dimi-
nution .of interest on the part of those intellectual and
enlightened audiences who have uniformly and universally
attended his performances.
We understand from gentlemen of the first standing in
the country as dramatic critics, and who have recently
witnessed Mr. Booth's celebrated performances in Balti-
more, that at no former period of his professional career
did that great tragedian appear to greater advantage. And
we are further assured by the Baltimore press generally,
that Mr. Booth's late performances in that city drev the
most brilliant and crowded audiences that were ever wit-
While we are writing on this subject, we conceive that
we should not be doing ample justice to the Manager,
whose conduct on a recent occasion, in ridding the house
of a grievous annoyance, has elicited the warm approba-
tion of every respectable patron of the theatre in this c6m-
munity, if we did not particularly recommend the estab-
lishment to the patronage of the friends of the regular and
well-conducted drama. Having attended the house during
the last week, we can testify that no occurrence, calcu-
lated in the smallest degree to offend the eye or ears of
female delicacy, or to disturb the audience, has ever taken
'place. The Public may be assured that, since the exclu-
sion of disorderly persons from the theatre, &c. the best
order has prevailed; and we hope that such a state of
things will continue without any detriment totthe mana-
ger's interest.

On Sunday, the 7th inst. by the Rev. Mr. VAN HOR-
.ELLEN SMOOT, all of the District of Columbia.

At the residence of W. HASELL HUNT, Esq. in Nash-
ville, (Tenn.) on the evening of Thursday, Dec. 28, by
the Rev. J. THOMAS WHEAT, Rector of Christ Churchi
On Thursday last, by the Rev. W. McLAIN, JAMES
of this city.
On Monday, the 15th instant, in the 28th year of her
age, BRIDGET WHELAN, relict of the late WILLIAM
In Georgetown, D. C. on the morning of the 14th Janu-
ary, SOPHIA M. SMITH, youngest daughter of AN-
THONY SMITH, in the 17th year of her age, after a painful
illness of three weeks, which she bore with the greatest
composure and fortitude.


The highly celebrated Tragedian Mr. BOOTH will make his
second appearance in his favorite character of'Sir Edward Mo'-
Will be performed Coleman's Drama of the'
Or, The Mysterious Murderer.
Sir Edward Mortimer, Mr. BOOTH.
To conclude with the interesting Drama of
The Orphan of Geneva.
On Thursday the lastnight but one of the engagementof Mr.
at the Union Hotel on the evenings of the 25th of Janu-
ary, and the 8th and 22d of February.
Tickets of admission may be obtained by non-subscribers on
application to any manager.
Colonel John Cox J. S. Ringgold
Com. Charles Morris A. H. Dodge
Col. Samuel Humphreya Jno. T. Cochrane
Cul. John Carter T. R. Cruttenden
Col. Geo. C. Washington J. W. Bronaugh, Jr.
Dr. 0. M. Linthicum R.L., Mackall
John Mason, Jr. Geo. C. Bomford
Wm. A. Gordon Daniel Boyd


S NEW YOR, JAir. 15.
The latest news we have from Nivy Island id
the apparent intention of Gen. VANs RZNSSE-
LiER to leave the Islard.- and go upr'the Lake
in order to nibark on the main laud; of thi
apparent abandonment of all attack upmo itby
MCNABB, because he cannot make his militia
volunteer; of the. arrival of another steamboat
at Schlosser, the Aarcenola, from Buffalo, to at-,
as a ferryboat there and of the increase of the
Na'vy Island forces by French Canadians and
Of DUNCOMBE'S reported forces in the vici-
nity of Fort, Maiden, if there are a.q all "i
doubtful. -One report puts'him on aBmish Is-
land, another says he has difd. i
The probability is, .as -McNABB cannot:. or -
dare not, make an attack upon Navy Island,
that the Navy Islanders-will .ail in a steamboat
-to go p p the:Lake, in ordet:'effect a debarica-
tion, for the purpose of joining compatriota,
who,4it is said, are somewhere or *other, I Iar
not for 'i certainty where.
The British account of the Schlosser affair
has made -a most painful iinpression upon th~i
public mind and embarrassed ve~r9 muc~91d'
peaceful action uof the Goveinment on the -
tir. Gen. SCOTT will not be able 't, do any
"thing effectual there. One fact shiews he tem-
per of the people he will have t0Sec. te his
orders,--when the steamboat frii Buffalo
reached Schlosser, the militia stationed there to
preserve neutrality gave three cheers, and the
band struck 'up Yankep Dbodle.
This is the day for transactions in foreign ex-
change. To-morrow being packet day, excihani
on London is 110 to 110 which isahigher than
bythe last packets. 'Our moriyed men here feel
a good deal of interest in MrfffJAUDON'S effotlt
in London to effect; thedsasof. the surplus U.
S. Bank stock, which, if effected, will save us
from a large drain of money, or rather give ui
so much credit there.
Our rates of domes ic exchange vary every
day on Mississippi, Detroit, and St. Louis, end
a quotation made one day will not- stand the L
next." ..
The Boston banks, io fai s I can judge, all
stand firm, the Cornmo eahth except, which
has gone over the dam for ti prisnt at-least.
From JAMAICA we hadyvda.tes to the 23d ult.
but there is nothing new'iorth,.qiting.
Our Legislatureswill 'suspend, if not -peal,
the small' ill law1 .. .
Treasury idri-d n6w-ill at the Board of Bro-
kers 1 percent ,under paper money, and Trea
sury notes bths per cent. under paper money,
which is R2 d-3 per centiunder Aerican gold.
U. S.Bank Stck is, p. tol0- Europosn
opzations, witf:the .,bd account given of iti
qo'dlitiopa,are the cause of this ri-qr, psrhAmpq
Our merchants here. express much surprise
thatno movements are made by the Administrae
tion party in Congress on the subject of the
currency. The contraction of the'currency which
must take place till Congress exercises its vested
power for its regulation is destruction to all trade'
and all enterprise. The spring is coning t he
season of improvements; and Congress :doing, ;
on this subject, nothing. If the _special depb-
site system is to be pursued, it is time to know it.


$30,000--.$10,000. '
For the benefitof the Mechanical Benevolent Society of Nor-
Class No. 1, for 1838.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, Jan. 27, 1838..
$30,000-$ 1 0,000- $6,000-- 5,000.
25 prizes of 1,000
20 do 500
20 do 400, &e.
Tickets $1 b-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets, 8120 -
Do do 25 half do 60

Do do 25 quarter do 30

$25,000 CAPITAL.
Class No. 4, for 1838.
To be drawn at Baltimore, Jan. 31, 1838.
20 prizes of 2,000
20 do 500
20 do 4Q0
20 do 200, &.
Tickets $10-Halves $5 -Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 22 whole tickets 8120
Do do 22half do 60
Do do 22 quarter do 3.0

For the benefit of Monongalia Academy.
Class No. I, for 1838.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on the 3d Feb. 1838.
50 of $1,000! &c. &c.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets $13
Do do 25 half do- 65
Do ( do 25- quarter do 32 50
For the benefit of the town of Wheeling. .
Class No. 1, for 1838.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Virginia, Saturday, Feb. 10, 1838.
25 prizes of 1,000
25 do 500
28 do 300, &e.
Tickets $10-Halves,$5- Quarters $2 40*,,
Certificates of packages of25 whole tickets, $130
Do. do 25 half do 65
Do. do 25 quarter do 82 0
Class No. 1, for 1838.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., on Saturday, Feb. 17, 1838.

- $40,000

1 prize of

ROAD COMPANIES, will, for the present, continue to
leave the depot ir Pratt street daily at 7 o'clock A. M. for Phil-
adelphia and the intermediate places.
The Rail road from Wilmington towards Philadelphia being
completed to the Schuylkill, the passengers will be conveyed
Son that road to Philadelphia as soon as the Delaware becomes
impracticable for the steamboat Telegraph, all the arrangements
Having been made to that effect. dec 30

L OUISA RAILROAD.-The transportation of passen-
gers on this road commenced regularly on the 22d inst.
The charges are as follows:
Frederick's Hall Depot to Beaverdam $00 75
S Ditto to Junction 1 50
Ditto to Richmond 2 75
,, Ditto to Fredericksburg 3 75
A daily train leaves Richmond for Frederick's Hall at 121
SP. PiFederick's Hall for'Richmond and Fredericksburg, at
4 A iM.
SStages will be run regularly between Frederick's Hall and
Charlottesville by Me isrs. Boyd & Edmonds.& Stockton & Co.
in connexion with the train. The stage.fare will not exceed
,-$2 75. PasSengers preferring so to do will have it in their
power;to pay at Richmond and Fredericksburg through to
DtDistance from Richmond to Frederick's Hall about 46 miles.
Distance from Frederick's Hall to Charlottesville about 44.
This train connects regularly with the mail line to and from
Fredericksburg and Washington City. Passengers leaving
Richmond or Fredericksburg at half past 12 o'clock in the day,
arrive at Charlottesville, (with but little night travelliig,) by
10-o'clock next morning; and, in return, leaving Charlottes-
ville after the arrival of the stages from Staunton, arrive in
SRichmond or Fredericksburg by half past 8 next morning.
dec 25-ff

V and after Monday next, the 11th instant, the cars will
leave the depot in this city for Baltimore at 9 o'clock A. M., in-
stead of 9f A. M., as heretofore.
The object of this alteialion is to render certain the arrival of
the train at Baltimore early enough to afford ample time for pas-
sengers going North to take the steamboat, which now departs
daly'for' Philadelphia, at half past 12 o'clock.
The afternoon train will, as heretofore, leave the depot at a
S/ quarter after 5 o'clock P. M., sept 8-d6t&wtf
That merchandise or other commodities received at this
Delpot for delivery in this city, or to be forwarded to Baltimore,
or t' points on the line of 'the road, will, hereafter, be subject
to the following regulations, of which those interested will please
.take notice :
1st. The freight and charges on all goods consigned to indi-
viduals in this city or its vicinity must be paid before their re-
moval from the depot.
S2d. Commodities offered for transportation must be distinctly
marked, and be accompanied by a list, in duplicate, of the num-
ber'and description of packages to be forwarded; the name of
the consignee, and of the party forwarding the same; otherwise
they cannot be received..
'The Company wil not be responsible for damage arising from
leakage or breakage; nor will they be responsible for damage
alleged to have leen received by any goods or commodities
transported by them, unless the claim shall be made before the
Sfemoval of the goods from the depot; further, if goods which
shall have been transported on this road be not received or
Taken aiyay by their consignees or owners on the day of their
Arrival at the depot, the Company will not be responsible for, or
pay any claims for loss or damage which maybe sustained by
such goods;.in other words, if goods as above described, be per-
mitted'to rmairrineoron the cats on the railway, or at the de-
pot one or more nights after their arrival, they will remain so
at the exclusive risk of the owners or consignees. -?
The hours for. receiving and delivering goods will, until fur-
ther notice, be from 9 A. M. tiliA P. M. -
dec 14- -Agent
P ...-...f.r.ilt OTik.;-The stea-
mer COLUMBIA, Captain JAM ES
MITCHELL, will leave Washington
Severe Thursday, at 12 o'clock A.
M. drrling in Ndrfolk in due time for the Charleston steam-
boat, Portsmouth railroad cars, and the Richmond steamboat.
Returning, will leave Norfolkat 3 o'clock'P. M. every Sun-
day. Passage and fare $6. (Globe & Alex.,Gaz.)
Oct 28-eotf
( ISTOLS.-- R large and general assortment, of supe-
rior quality, London made, for sale on the most accommodating
terms,,at the old established Snuff, Tobacco and Fancy Store,
between llth and 1L2thi streets, Penn. Av.
;: ...... .... LEWIS JOHNSON.
P. S. Best 0o1t Yell'w 'leaf James River and Barboursville
,. Chewing Tobacco. Real Prinoipe and Havana Segars. All
kinds of best European aud American Snuffs, &c. <&c. for sale
cheap as above. a.n I
j'_EORGE SWEAN Y, Notary Public, Counvey-
a. U ancer, and General Agent, has opened an office in
" Elliot's new block of btfiliings, on Pennsylvania Avenue, east of
4 steet, where he is ready to execute any business committed
o him. .
G. S. will undertake the prosecution of claims upon Congress
and the Executive Departments of the Government, and will
be .thankful to those who may favor him with orders or com-
His well-known experience in all such business as he pro-
poses to undertake, remndrs particular references unnecessary.
dec 4--dlww3m '[Globe]
01 The Baltimore Patriot, Philadelphia Enquirer, New York
SJournal of Commerce, Charleston Courier, New Orleans Bul-
$ letin, Cincinnati Gazette, Louisville Journal, and Mobile Com-

mercial Advertiser will please to insert the above six times,
and secf their accounts to the advertiser for payment.
N EW WORtKS.-Letters of Lucius M. Piso, from Pal-
1 myra, tohis friend,,Marpus Curtius, at Rome.
The Christian Professor, addressed, in a series of Counsels
and Cautions, -to the members of Christian churches. By John
Angell James.
A New-Tribute to the Memory of J. Brainerd Taylor.
Modern' Accomplishment%, or the March of IntelleCt.' By
Miss C. Sinclair.
Modern Society, or the M1arch of Intellect, the conclusion of
Modei A omplishments. Byjiis C. Sinclair.
Pretenisfo By Sarah Stickney, author of Poetry of Life.
2 vols.
S Zinzendarff, and qther Poems., -By Mrs. L. Sigourney. ','
'AGood Life,extracted from tli true plan of a Living Tfript,
..nan considered in his proper relation to th6 ordinary occu-
itions and pursuits of life. With an introductory Essay. By
John Brazer.
The Christian Father at Home, or Manual of Parental In-
stinction.' In two-parts: 1st. On the Neccssity of Salvation.
2. d. On the Way of Salvation. By W. C. Brownlee, DiD.
SWorth a-Million. Stories from'Real Life. Part 5.
The Young Wife, or Dutiesof Woman in the Marriage Re-
lation. By Dr. Alcottj ',
-Just received and- feo. sale, at No. 5,, yarnum's Row, be-
tween 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
jani R. PARNHAM.
m" qor,the Merchani's, Banker's, and Tradcsnan's Assistant.
SFor ale.bptween 9th and 10thstreets, Fennsylvjnia avenue.
dee 8' R. FARNHAM.

LEWIS JOHNSON has just received a case of iliese
superior instruments, which he invites the Public to ca'l and
see. .jan 5-3t
containing an almanac, eclipses, moveable feats, &c.'
officers ofthe State, offiFers-oftheTseveral counties of the State,
United States officers in Maryland, meetings of the courts,
election returns, members of the Legislature, Executive of the
United. States, Congress, dates of the Statq elections, revenue
dof Maryland' State Government expenses, newspapers, &c. in
Maryland, religions in the United States, popular statistics,
heights of principal mountains; census: of the United States for
S1830-estimated for 1840, population arranged, in sections, cen-
sus of Maryland from 1790 to 1820 and '30, &o. The above
w ork may be had at Stationers' Hall; price only 50 cents.
jan 5 (Met & Adv) W. FISCHER.
elopedia of History, ancient and modnrn.-forminLr n a

Winter Arrangement.

While it avoids the dangers of the Capes, and the fatigues
of 300 miles of staging, it offers to the traveller a route which, for
speed, safety, comfort, and economy, is not equalled.
By this route, passengers who leave Baltimore on Monday
and Friday, via the Chesapeake Bay Boats and Portsmouth
Railroad, or via Washington city, the Fredericksburg, Rich-
mond, and Petersburg Railroad, to Blakely, will reach Halifax
on the evenings of the next days, viz. Tuesday and Saturday.
From Halifax, they will be immediately conveyed, by post
coaches and railroad, to Wilmington, where they will arrive on
Thursday and Monday mornings, (having slept at South Wash-
ington the preceding nights;) thence, after two hours' delay, to
Charleston, in fromr12 to 16 hours; thence, by railroad, to Au-
EXTRA.-Leave Baltimore or Washington city on Wednes-
day, via Fredericksburg, Richmond, and Petersburg railroad to
Blakely. Passengers will arrive at Halifax on Thursday even-
ing, at Wilmington Saturday morning, and leave for Charleston
on Monday.
Leave Charleston every Sunday and Tuesday, at 5 o'clock P.
M., reach' Wilmington the following mornings to breakfast.
Leave Wilmington at 12 o'clock, and by railroad and post
coaches arrive at Halifax on the evenings of the next days, viz.
Tuesday and Thursday; sleep at Halifax, and the next morning
proceed North, via the Petersburg, Richmond, and Fredericks-
burg railroad.
EXTRA.-Leave Wilmington on Friday, arrive at Halifax on
Saturday, and the next morning, via the Portsmouth Railroad
and Bay Boats, or the Petersburg, Richmond, and Fredericks-
burg railroads.
Leave Baltimore or Washington city Monday, Wednesday,
and Friday, and arrive at Halifax Tuesday, Thursday, and Sa-
Arrive at Wilmington Thursday, Saturday, and Monday.
Arrive at Charleston Friday, Tuesday, and Tuesday.
Leave Charleston Sunday and Tuesday.
Leave Wilmington Friday and Saturday.
Arrive at Wilmington Monday, Wednesday, and Friday.
Arrive at Halifax Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday.
The Portsmouth cars run daily ; the Petersburg cars on Sun-
day, Monday, Wednesday, and Friday.
Passengers will observe that, on this route, via the Chesa-
peake Bay Boats and Portsmiouth Railroad, only one night's
sleep is lost between New York and Augusta, or, via Peters-
burg, only one-night between Richmond and Augusta. The
coaches are now, the horses fresh and well trained, the drivers
sober and skilful, the fare and accommodations good. The new,
beautiful, and swift steamboat NORTH CAROLINA, built by Cor-
nelius Vanderbilt, Esq., of New York, for the Company, has
justbeen added to the line between Wilmington and Charles-
ton. In fine, no expense has been Spared to render the line
comfortable and safe.
jan 2-4w (Gl he)
W INE STORE, Pennsylvania Avenue, third
door West of 41 street, City of Washington.
-M. L. GITTINGS, has on hand a superior Stock of old
WINES and LIQUORS, consisting in part as follows:
20 dozen Reserved Madeira, very old and fine

Grape Juice

do do
do do
do do
Sdo do
do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
do do
do do

40 do Pale Lobo, Carera, Oldham, Gold, &c. very su-
S40 do, -Brown, Lobo, Romano, Duff, Gordon's
20 do Pure Grape Juice, Port
20 do Otard, Dupuy & Co's Brandy, very superior
S20 do do Pale do do
18 do Champagne Brandy do
15 do Peach do do
10 do Jamaica Spirits do
15 do Irish Whiskey do
20 do Monongahela Whiskey, 18 years old
50 do Sparkling Champagne, Napoleon brand
20 do do de Anchor do
15 do ; do do Grape do
10 do do do Harp do
69 do do do Pints, Napoleon do
20 do London Porter, Brown Stout, Scotch Ale, quart and
pint bottles
50 dozen Clarets, Chateau Margeaux, Leoville, Medoc, St.
Julien; Sauterne, White and Red Hermitage
25 dozen Marisehino,Curacoa Liqueurs, Perfect Love,Cinna-
mon, Rose, Lemon, Aniseed, &c.
20 dozen Hock, Marcobruner, Hockheimer, &c.
12 pipes Madeira Reserved, Star, Burgundy, Murdoc, Black-
burn, Howard March & Co.'s Tinta, Grape Juice, &c.
very superior
4 butts Pale Sherry, Lobo, Carerp, Oldham, &c.
4 do Brown do do do do
2 do Pure Juice Port
1 do Irish Whiskey, very old and fine
6 barrels Monongahela Whiskey, 18 years old
3 pipes Otard, Dupuy & Co.'s Brandy, old and fine
1 do do Pale do do
1 do Charante Brandy do
1 do Champagne do do
2 do Holland Gin, Wesp, Anchor and Orange
2 do Jamaica Spirits
2 do St. Croix do
1 do Peach Brandy
Demijohns loaned, and goods sent free of-porterage.
dee 4-dtf
C ASH FOR NEGROES.-I will give cash and liberal
prices for a number of likely Negroes, under twenty-five
years 'of age, families included. I can be found at B. O. She-
kell's Tavern, a few doors below Lloyd's Tavern, opposite the
Centre Market. JAMES H. BIRCH,
june 26-tf Washington City.
C harles County Court, August Term, 1837.-On
the appearance of Zephaniah H. Turner, a petitioner for
the benefit of the insolvent laws of this State, it is ordered by
the court here that the bond of said Zephaniah H. Turner be
respited until the 3d Monday in March next, and that he give
noticejto his creditors that they be and appear before the Judges
of Charles county court, on the third Monday in March next, to
show cause, if any they have, why the said Zephaniah H. Tur-
ner shall not have the benefit of said laws; provided a copy of
-this order be published in some newspaper in the District of
Columbia, once a week for two months successively previous to
the said third Monday in March next.

dec 21-law2m


SUITARS.-Justopened, at Stationers' Hall, a large as-
sortment of patent screw Guitars, of superior tone and
finish, at prices from 10 to 45 dollars.
Expected daily, three superior Piano Fortes, from the unri-
valled- manufacturers Messrs. J. Chickering & Co. Boston,
which wiil be sold at their prices. W. FISCHER.
jan f0 (Adv.)
S TATE OF MARYLAND, SeO.-On application to
me the subscriber, a Judge of the Orphans' court of Charles
-county, by petition, in writing, of Thomas H. Latimer, praying
ft the benefit of the act of Assembly for the reliefof sundry insol-
vent debtors, passed at November session, 1805, and the sever-
al supplements thereto, a schedule of his property and a list
of his creditors, on oath, as far as he can ascertain them, being
annexed to his petition, and the said Thomas H. Latimer having
satisfied me by competent testimony that he has residedin the
State of Maryland two years immediately preceding the time
of his application; it is therefore ordered by me that the said
Thomas H. Latimer be discharged; and that he, by causing a
copy of this order to be inserted in some newspaper published
in the.District of Columbia once a week for two successive
months before the third Monday of March ne.t, give notice to
his creditors to appear before Charles County Court on the 3d
Monday of March next, for the purpose of recommending a
Trustee for their benefit, and show cause, if any they have, why
the said Thomas H. Latimer should not have the benefit of said
act and supplements thereto, as prayed.

Merchant Tailor Pennsylvania avenue, respectfully calls
the attention of his customers and the Public to his large and
elegant assortment of FALL AND WINTER GOODS; which he
will make up, to order, at the shortest notice, and in the best
and most fashionable style.
Together with a first-rate stock of fashionable READY MADE
CLOTHING, FANCY ARTICLES, &c., which will make his assort-
ment, in every respect, fall and complete.
nov 13-eod2m
STEN, (late of Baltimore,) having made this city his perma-
nentresidence,and located his dwellingand office directlyopposite
to the Department of State, will undertake, with his accustomed
zeal and diligence, the settlement of claims generally; and
more particularly claims before Congress, against the United
States, or the several Departments thereof, and before any board
of commissioners that may be raised for the adjustment of spo-
liation or other claims. He has now in charge the entire class
arising out. of French spoliations prior to the year 1800-;
with reference to which, inaddition to a mass of documents and
proofs in his possession, he has access to those in the archives
of the Government.
Claimants and pensioners on the Navy fund, &c. bounty
lands, return duties, &c. &c. and those requiring life insurance,
can have their business promptly attended to by letter, (post
paid,) and thus relieve themselvesfrom an expensive and incon-
venient personal attendance.
Having obtained a commission of Notary Public, he is prepar-
ed to furnish legalized copies of any required public documents
or other papers. He has been so long engaged in the duties of
an agent, that it can only be necessary now to say that economy
and prompt attention shallbe extended to all business confided
to his care; and that, to enable him to render his services and
facilities more efficacious, he has become familiar with all the
forms of office. teb 26-ly
i1OR RENT.--The dwelling-house and grounds of the
late Lewis G. Davidson, Esq. situated on the extreme
right of the heights of Georgetown, D. C. and comprising every
advantage most desirable in a private residence. The house is
substantially built of brick, and is of two stories, and spacious,
neatly furnished with garrets, having four large rooms on each
floor, with wing for kitchen, servants' rooms, pantry, &c. Sta-
bles, carriage-house, cow-house, and gardener's house, and
other offices, all of brick, are attached. The lot covers an ex-
tent of twenty acres and more, which is now under fine culti-
vation as garden, orchards, grass lots, woodland, &c. The pros-
pect from this residence, south, is perhaps more extensive than
that of any other part of the heights, while it embraces a Very
beautiful northern view, of which all the others are deprived.
For terms, apply to R. R. CRAWFORD, on the premises.
june 10-dtf
A TEACHER WANTED to take charge of the Mont
ocacy school, near the mouth of the river Monocacy,
Montgomery county, Maryland. A single man, who is quali-
fied to teach all the useful branches of an English education,
and who can come well recommended for sobriety and atten-
tion, wil meet with immediate employment and liberal compen-
sation. The situation is healthy, and the neighborhood is con-
sidered a good one. Letters addressed to Joseph J. W. Jones,
William Truidle, Warren King, or to Benjamin White, pos-
paid, will be immediately attended to. Letters addressed to
Poolesville Montgomery county, Maryland. nov 21w4w
ECOLLECTIONS ofa Southern Matron,by Mrs.
Gilman, of Charleston, S. C.
A Love Token for Children, by MrS. Sedgwick, with a great
variety of JUVENILE BOOKS, just received from the North,
and for sale at the lowest prices, between 9th and 10th street's,
Pennsylvania avenue. R. FARNHAM.
O HIO GAZETTEER, with a map-Just published
and this day received, for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also, Wetmore's New Gazetteer of Missoari, with a laige
map, 1837.
Sherwood's New Gazetteer of Georgia, with a large map,
1837. '
Peck's New Gazetteer of Illinois, 1837. illinois in 1837,
with a map.
Gordon s New Gazetteer of the State of New York, 10 otavo
volume. :' '
Martin's Gazetteer of Virginia and the District of Columbia,
I octavo volume. '.
Large Map of Florida, taken from the documents in the Land
Office at Tallahassee. .
Large Maps of Mississippi and Alabama, just engraved froln
the United States Surveys in the General Land Office, Wash-
ington City.
Visit to Texas, 1 volume.
Large New Maps of Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, &c. ex-
hibiting the sections.
SDavenport's New Gazetteer, 471 closely printed large octa-
vo pages, handsomely bound,with many engravings, prige 1 50.
New Geographical Dictionary, containing 304 closely printed
pages, price 87 cents.
And very many other works of the same class of literature,
at the lowest price in every case. jan 3
Charles County, set.
O N application to me, the subscriber, Chief Judge of the
Orphans' Court of Charles county, (in the recess.of
Charles County Court,) by the petition, in writing, of Dennis
Nalley, of said county, praying for the benefit of the Act of
Assembly for the relief of insolvent debtors, and the supple-
ments thereto, a schedule of his property and a list of his cre-
ditors, on oath, being annexed to his petition, and being satis-
fied thai he has resided in the State of Maryland two years -
immediately previous to his application, and having also stated
that he is unable to pay his debts, and that he is now confined
in jail for the same, do hereby order and- adjudge tlihat the said
Dennis Nalley be discharged from cUgtqdy, and that he :give
notice published in some newspaper once a week fur two
months successively, in the District of Columbia, to his credit-
ors, to appear before Charles County Court on the third Mon-
day in March next, for the purpose of recommending a trustee
for their benefit, and to show cause, if any they have, why the
said Dennis Nalley shall not have the benefit of said'acts as
prayed. Given under my hand, this .9th day-of Decembcr,
True copy. Test: JOHN BARNES,
dec 12-w2m Clerk of Charles County Court.
IB 1CHER has just received an assortment of Wilson's su-
perior Manifold Letter Writers, from five to ten dollars, enve-
lopedcovers, steel mounted, with lock and key.
dec 25
M. MORRISON, two doors west of Brown's Hotel,
Peck's New Gazetteer of Illinois, in three parts, containing
a general view of the State; a general view of each county,
and a particular description of each town, settlement, stream,

prairie, bottom, bluff, etc., alphabetically arranged; by J. M.
Also, a second edition of Peck's New Guide for Emigrants to
the West; containing Sketches of Michigan, Ohio, Indiana,
Illinois, Missouri, Arkansas, with the Territory of Wisconsin
and the adjacent parts.
Tales from the German, translated by Nathaniel Green; in
Twice Told Tales, by Nathaniel Hawthorn.-
The Youth's Keepsake, for 1838.
The Harcourts, or Stories from Real Life, designed to teach
true Independence and Domestic Economy; .in five parts.
Part 3d: Extravagance is the disease, economy is the reme-
The Savings Bank, and other stories; illustrating true Inde-
dependence and Domestic Economy; translated from the French
by a Lady. Part 4: Stories from Real Life.
The Lady's Annual Register and Housewife's Memorandum
Book, for 1838; by Caroline Gilman; with Engravings, by
Devereux. i dec 16
.one volume, price fifty cents, is just received. For sale
y F. TAYLOR. nov 29
ply of
Buckland's Geology and Mineralogy, 2 vols. new
Lyell's Principles of Geology, 2 vols.
De la Beche's Geological Manual
Comstock's Mineralogy
Do Geology, .
Is received and for sale at low prices, at GARRET ANDER-
SON'S Book, Stationery, and Fancy Store, Pennsylvania
Avenue, between 11th and 12th streets, jan 8
th00 FOSTER'S COPY BOOKS.-Just re-
200 8 ceived from Boston, Foster's Elementary Copy
Bookg, designed to render the acquisition of penmanship simple
and progressive; to save teachers the trouble of setting copies,
and to furnish schools and families with a practical system- lby
which the art may be taught with facility and correctness.
Also, Bascom's Guide to Chirography, in a series of writing
books ; ruled, with the lines about one-seventh of an inch a pat;
which style of ruling is adapted to coarse hand, medium hand,
fine hand, capitals, &c.; with engraved copies in each book,,
and general directions on the covers; being an improvementon
the author's system of penmanship and writing book combined. -
A considerable deduction will be made to those who buy by the
quantity. For sale between 9th and O1li streets, Pennsylvania
avenue. R. FARNHAM.
dec 8

store English Pocket Ledgers, with and without locks and
1 I' i A i 1 -A 1 -- A 1 -

Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, and Solicitors in
Postage to be paid on business letters. oct 17-d&cly
For the most part, those who are already dyspeptic, or by
-their habits and pursuits in a fair way to become so, are com-
monly not much in doubt of the fact, and sufficiently disposed to
employ a remedy entitled to their confidence. The object of
this advertisement is, to offer to those who may require a medi-
cine of this kind, such weight of testimony as will satisfy any
reasonable mind that, under all circumstances, these pills may
be tried with safety, at least. It is presumed such evidence
as the following would be thought sufficient to establish much
more important matters:
From the Rt. Rev. Levi S. Ives, D. D. Bishop of North
"RALEIGH, MARCH 2, 1835.
SHaving for the last three years been intimately acquainted
with Dr. John Beckwith, of this city, and enjoyed his profes-
sionaf services, I take pleasure in stating that his character as
a Christian gentleman and experienced physician, entitles his
testimony, in regard to the use of his Antidyspeptic Pills, to the
entire confidence of the Public. My experience of the good ef-
fects of these Pills, for two years past, satisfies me of their emi-
nent value, particularly in aiding in impaired digestion, and
warding off bilious attacks. Having been for a long time sub-
ject to the annual recurrence of such attacks, I was in the habit
of resorting for security against them, and with very partial
success, to a liberal use ofcalomel or bluepill. But since my
acquaintance with the Antidyspeptic Pill of Dr. Beckwith, which
'he prescribed in the first instance himself, I have not been un-
der the necessity of using mercury in any form, besides being
wholly exempt from bilious attacks. Several members of my
family are experiencing the same beneficial effects.
"L. S. IVES."

From the Rev. F. L. Hawks, D. D.
"NEW YORK, FEB. 3, 1836.
"I have no knowledge, derived from experience, of the effi-
cacy of Dr. Beckwith's Pills; but I know that several of my
personal friends in North Carolina, whom I left some years ago
suffering severely under dyspepsia, were in good health when
I saw them, on a visit made a few months since, and all ascrib-
ed their recovery to the use of Beckwith's Pills.
"I know that the certificates obtained by the Doctor in North
Carolina are from gentlemen ofthe highest respectability, and
several of them stated to me verbally that which is contained
in their published certificates. I have the most entire confi-
dence in them.
S"I also know Dr. Beckwith, and have known him from my
boyhood; and I cheerfully state, with Bishop Ives, 'that his
character as a Christian gentleman and experienced physician,
entitles his testimony, in regard to the use of his Antidyspeptic
Pills, to the entire confidence of the Public.'

From Governor Iredell.
"AUGUST 21, 1834.
-"DIr. Beckwith's Antidyspeptic Pills have been used in my
Inily, which is a large one, with the most beneficial effects. A
number of my friends who have been afflicted with dyspepsia
ajd.othler disorders of the stomach, have spoken to me in strong
terms of the relief they experiened'from this remedy. With-
out the evidence I have received from others, my intimate
,knowledge of the professional and private character of Dr.
Beckwith, for the last twenty years, justifies me in declaring
that he would give no assurances of facts of his own experience,
or of professional deductions, of which he was not perfectly
confident, and on which the Public might not safely rely.

From the Hon. George E. Badger, LL. D.
"RALEIGH, NOV. 7, 1834.
"For several years past, Dr. Beckwith's Antidyspeptic Pills
have been used as a domestic medicine in my family. I have
myself frequently used them for the relief of headache, acid,
and otherwise disordered stomach, resulting from imprudence
or excessin diet, and I have had many opportunities of learning
from others their effects, when used by them for like purposes.
My experience and observation justify me in saying that the re-
lief afforded by the Pills is generally speedy, and almost al-
ways certain ; that they may be taken at any time without dan-
ger or inconvenience, and that their operation is attended by no
nausea or other disagreeable effects whatever; and though I
have known many persons use them, I have known none who did
not approve them; none who sustained any injury, and none who
failed Lo derive benefit from their use. And, upon the whole, I
do.not hesilate to recommend them as an agreeable, safe, and
efficacious remedy in dyspeptic affections, and believe them my-
self to be the best antidyspeptic medicine ever offered to the
Public. "G. E. BADGER."

From the Hon. Richard Hikes, late member of Congress
from the Tarboro' district.
HERMITAGE, near Sparta, Edgecombe co. Nov. 10, 1834.
I was severely afflicted for several years with dyspepsia,
jaundice, and general ill health. I called in the aid of eminent
physicians, and visited most of the mineral springs of celebrity
wa; thought to be hopeless. Being ee in mellin the winter of
1824 to spend some weeks in Raleigh, I consulted Dr. Beck-
with, when he prescribed what is now known as 'Beckwith's
Antidyspeptic Pills,' by the use of which I soon became much
better. I continued to take them for some months, .until my
health was entirely restored, to which they mainly contributed.
Another member of my family subsequently used them with
like benefit'and success.
Having been many years well acquainted with Dr. Beck-
willh, I take pleasure in mentioning him as a gentleman of great
worth and intelligence, and of known and admitted science and
skill in his profession, and in recommending his Antidyspeptic
Pills as a most valuable medicine to those afflicted with the
diseases I have mentioned.

From the Hon. Charles Fisher, late member of Congress,
Salisbury district.
"SALISBURY, FEB. 23. 1837.
' "S ?veral years ago I was very much afflicted with diseased
rnomach and bowels; nothing I could eat appeared to agree with
-ine, and I was obliged to be very careful in my diet. A jour-
rey to the Southwest afforded me considerable relief, and, as 1
supp,''-.l.d, had cured me ; but, when I left off travelling, the

disease returned again, and I was obliged to take medicine
x-onstanfly, among -other things very often calomel; this con-
tinueid to be my state until about twelve months ago, when, on
tle recommendation of Major John Beard, I began to try Beck-
with's Antidvspeptic Pills; I soon found relief from them, and
since have taken no other medicine whatever. Whenever I
find my stomach or bowels becoming deranged, I resort to these
Sp;ll, and invariably find relief. I have heard a number of
persoiis speak of the benefits they have received from these
pills, in the most decided terms. I am well acquainted with
Dr. Beckwith ; he for a time resided in this place, and was my
fiamini physician. His own testimony with regard to the use of
his Antidyspeptic Pills may be fully relied on.
These Pills may be had at the stores of Dr. W. GUNTON
and S. J. TODD, Washington City; R: STABLER, Alexan-
Sdria; O. M. I NTHICUM, Georgetown, and of almost every
extensive Druggist throughout the United States.
sept2-d6m dec 4-d4m,
ASH' FOR NEGROES.-- will give the highest
cash price for likely NEGROES from 10 to 25 years of
age. Myself or agent can at all times be found at the estab-
lishment formerly owned by Armfield, Franklin & .Co. at the
west end of Duke street, Alexandria.
V residence ELOIZA, a young negress of ordinary stature
and size, but strongly made, about 22 years old, color of a chest-
nut or brown, long thick woolly hair, which is commonly neat-
ly combed, parted before, and tucked with combs. Her cloth-
ing consists of several calico frocks, white cotton aprons and
collars, &c. and a black bombasin dress. She has had from
her birth a very singular mark, resembling the dashing on the
skin of coffee grounds or some black substance. This mark,
to the best of my recollection, commences on the neck or collar
boneand covers part of her breasts, body, and limbs, and when
her neck and arms are uncovered is very perceptible. I un-
Sderstand that she calls herself Louisa, and has been frequently
seen east and south of the Capitol square, and harbored by ill-
- disposed persons of every complexion for her services, where
by diligent search she may be found, unless she has hired her-
self elsewhere as a cook or house servant. I will give the
above reward if caught in the District of Columbia and deliver-
ed to me, or if out of the District I will give an additional sum
often dollars for every ten miles beyond the District line in any
direction, provided the distance does not exceed fifty miles, and
if beyond that distance one hundred dollars, and secured so
that I get her again, in case it should not be convenient to de-
liver'her as aforesaid. WM. ROBINSON,
oct 2-dtf Georgetown.
W HIG ALMANAC.-The Whig Almanac and Politi-
cal Register, for 1838, containing full tables of the votes
for President in the several States, by counties, compared with
the votes cast in the same States arid counties during the last

F tR SALE.-A First-rate Carriage and harness, and a YELLOW PINE AND WHITE OAK TIMBER.
pair of well-rwatched carriage horses. They may be seen
at-Smith's Livery stable, who will give any information that NAVY COMMISSIONERS' OFFICE,
may be desired, and will state the terms of sale. JANUARY 4, 1838.
dec 20-dtf ROPOSALS, sealed and endorsed, will be received at
F O CLAIMANTS FRANCIS A. DICKINSt of thoe K. this office until three o'clock P. M. on the third day of
' cit CLAIMANTS.-FRANCIS A. DICKaINS, of tintme February next, for the following Yellow Pine and White Oak
Shd city of Washington, having resigned the appointment timber, deliverable at the Navy Yard, Gosport, Va.
held by him for several years in the Treasury and War Depart- No. 1. One set of yellow pine beams, for a frigate of the
ments, has undertaken the agency of claims before Congress, first class.
and other branches of the Government, including commission- No. 2. Two sets of yellow pine beams, for sloops of war,
crs under treaties, and the various public offices; also, the pro- first class.
curing of patents for public lands, prosecuting claims for servi- No. 3. Twenty thousand cubic feet of yellow pine plank
ces in the Revolution, and for Navy pensions, and generally 'stocks.
such other business as may require the aid ofan agent at Wash- No. 4: Twenty thousand cubic .feet of yellow pine plank
ington. He will likewise attend to the prosecution of bounty stocks.
land claims upon the State of Virginia, and the recovery of No. 5. Twenty thousand cubic feet do. do. do.
lands in Ohio which have been sold for taxes. No. 6. Twenty thousand cubic feet do. do. do.
Persons having, or supposing themselves to have claims, will, No. 7. Twenty thousand cubic feet do. do. do.
on transmitting a statement of the facts, be advised of the pro- No. 8. Twenty thousand cubic feet white oak plank stocks.
per course of proceeding. His charge will be moderate, de- The beam pieces and one half of the plank stocks to be de-
pending upon the amount of the claim and the extent.of the slivered on or before the 30th April, 1839, and the other half of
service the plank stocks on or before the 30th April, 1840.
He is also agent fo the American Life Insurance and Trust Persons offering will make their offers separately for the
Company, which has a capital of two millions of dollars paid in, quantities and kind of timber embraced in any of the above
and for the Baltimore Fire Insurance Company. numbers, and they willbe considered and decided independ-
Mr. F. A. DICKINS is known to most of those who have been entlof each they
in Congress within the last few years, or who have occupied Schedules of the beam pieces will be furnished on applica-
any public situation at Washington. tion to the Commissioners of the Navy, or to the Commandant
His office is on Pennsylvania Avenue, adjoining the building of the Navy Yard, Gosport, Virginia.
occupied by the Treasury Department, and opposite to those oc- The yellow pine beam pieces and plank stocks must be the
cupied by the Post Office Department. best quality long leaf fine grain, heart, Southern yellowpine
=r All letters must be post paid. july 6-dly timber. The white oak plank stocks must be of the best
RY GOODS--As the season is advanced, we have quality, and must have grown on lands situated near to salt
come to the determination to dispose of our entire stock water, or within the influence of the sea air; and the white oak
of Goods, at very reduced prices, which consists of- and yellow pine rlank stocks must have been girdled or felled
Silks, Linens, Cloths, Cassimeres, Vestings between the twentieth day of October and the twentieth day
Hosiery, Gloves, Merinoes, Blankets of March next preceding the deliveries ;all of which must
Calicoes, Sheeting,'Diapers, Table Cloths be proved to thie satisfaction of the commanding officer of the
And a good assortment of Carpeting and Curtain Goods. said Navy Yard, Gosport, Virginia.
BRADLEY & CATLETT. All the said timber must be free from sap, heart shakes,
dec 30-eo3w (Glo.&Mad.) wind shakes, and all other defects.
The plank stocks must average forty-five feet in length, and
J ADY BLESSINGTON'S MAGNIFICENT none of them must be less than thirty-five feet long; the white
S ANNUAL.-Gems of Beauty, displayed in a series oak planrk stocks must square not less than fourteen inches at
of 12 highly finished engravings of The Passions, from designs the but, amd may square one-fourth less at the top; the yellow
by E. T. Parris, Esq. executed under the superintendence of pine plank stocks must square not less than fourteen, nor more
Mr. Charles Heath, with fanciful illustrations in verse, by the than sixteen, inches at the but, and may square one-fifth less
COUNTESS OF BLESSINGTON. One splendid volume, imperial at the top.
quarto, superbly bound in rich figured silk, and gilt Turkey Ten per centum will be withheld from the amount of each
morocco, in a variety of styles. The exquisite taste of the fair delivery made, as collateral security, in addition to the bonds
editress is conspicuous in the perfection of this beautiful annual; given, to secure the performance of the respective contracts,
the illustration's, which include a wider range of subjects than which will in no event be paid until the contracts are complied
those of last year, have never been equalled for high finish and with in all respects.
delicacy of execution, and the general style of binding, and Ninety per centum will be paid within thirty days after the
"getting up," is such as to give it a decided superiority over bills for the timber shall be approved and presented to the
every other publication of the season. Navy Agent.
THE AUTHORS OF ENGLAND, a series of Medallion All of the said timber must be subject to inspection and
Portraits of modern literary characters, engraved from the measurement by the inspector and measure of timber at the
works of British artists, by Achille Collas, with illustrative no- said Navy Yard, Gosport, or by such other person or persons
tices by Henry F. Chorley-one splendid royal quarto volume, as may be designated by the Commissioners of the Navy for
richly bound. the performance of that duty; and in all cases the timber must
FLORA'S GEMS, or the. choicest Treasures of the Parterre, be in all respects to the acceptance and satisfaction of the con-
containing 12 bouquets of flowers, drawn and colored in the manding officer of the said Navy Yard, and approved by him.
most finished and delicate style, so as to equal first-rate draw- jan 6-d
ings, with poetical Illustrations, by Miss L. A. Twamley. Im- ij;To be published in the National Intelligencer, Globe,
perial quarto, richly and appropriately bound in green and gold. Army.and Navy Chronicle, Baltimore Republican, Norfolk
- PEARLS FROM THE EAST, or Beauties of Lalla Rookh, Herald, Norfolk Beacon, Raleigh Star, and Newbern Sentinel.

designed Dvy anny Cuorbaux, drawn on stone by LIouisa Uor-
baux, containing 12 splendid illustrations, on tinted paper, or
may be had superbly colored under the artist's inspection. Im-
perial quarto.
FLOWERS OF LOVELINESS-Twelve groups of female
figures, emblematic of Flowers, forming an assemblage of fe-
male beauty, designed by various artists, with poetical- illustra-
tions, by L. E. L. Imperial quarto, handsomely bound in
THE BOOK OF GEMS, 1838. The Poets and Artists of
Great Britain, edited by S. C. Hall. Third volume, completing
the work, and containing specimens and memoirs of the modern
Poets of GreatBritain, and 43 exquisite Illustrations. 1 vol 8vo.
The same work for 1837 and 1836, altogether probably one of
the most attractive books in existence.
Also, over twenty Souvenirs, of various kinds not enumerated
above, English Bibles of all sizes, superb Prayer Books, Draw-
ing Books, and Albums, in great variety. Books of Engravings
of many different kinds, Gold Pencil Cases, Portfolios in splen-
did ending, Ladies' writing desks, Ladies'- work Boxes, Bronze
Inkstands. Motto Seals, Gentlemen's Dressing Cases, Colored
Toy Books.
Books for young People, Juvenile Souvenirs, &c. &c. with
many other articles suitable for the present season, in the great-
est variety and all at the lowest prices, for sale by
At the Waverly Circulating Library, immediately east of
Gadsby's Hotel. jan 1
Circuit Court of the District of Columbia for tlhe
County of Washington.-In Chancery.
Auguste R. Theriot,

The Mayor, Board of Aldermen, and Board of Common Coun-
cil of the City of Washington, the heir or heirs at law of
Peter Passet, late of said city, deceased, and Paul Kinchey,
Administrator of said Passet.
HE bill in this case states that at a public sale of certain
lots in the city of Washington, held by the Corporation
of said city on the 3d April, 1826, by virtue of an act of Con-
,gress entitled An act to authorize and empower the Corpora-
tion of the city of Washiigton, in the I)istrict of Columbia, to
drain the low grounds on and near the public reservations, and
to improve and ornament certain parts of such reservations,"
the said Passet, and one William Fadeuilhe, became the pur-
chasers of lot No. 31, in square A, in the said city, at the sum of
$532 87J, on certain conditions of sale and improvement.
That they paid one-fifth of the purchase money in hand, and
the said Fadeuilhe shortly afterwards sold and assigned his
right, title, and interest in said lot to the said Passet, who paid
all the instalments of said purchase money, with the "interest
thereon, which became due in his lifetime, as they became
due, and died some time in the year --, leaving the fast two
instalments of said purchase money unpaid, and indebted to the
complainantin the sum of $151 25, besides interest, and also
to divers other persons, leaving personal property insufficient to
pay his debts. That said Passet did not leave any known heir,
for devisee, capable of inheriting or taking the said lot or his
interest therein, and that he died intestate, and his heir or heirs
at law, if any suchthere be, most probably reside in -- ,
whence the said Passet emigrated. The object of the bill is t,
obtain a decree for the sale (subject to said conditions of im-
provement) of all the right, title, and interest of said Passet, at
the time of his decease, and of his heir or heirs at law, if any
such there be, to said lot, for the payment of the complainant
and the other creditors of said Passet.
, Arid it appearing to the satisfaction of this Court, the heir or
heirs at law of said Passet, if any such there be, reside without
the jurisdiction of this Court, and most probably in France, it
is thereupon, this 29th day of November, 1837, by this Court
ordered, that notice of the substance and object of said bill be
given to the -person or persons who is or are heir or 'heirs at
law of said Passet, by publishing a copy of this order in the
National Intelligencer once a week for six successive weeks
ensuing, the heir or heirs at law of said Passet to be and ap-
pear in the Clerk's office of this county at the rules therein to
be held on the first Monday of April next, then and there to
answer said bill, otherwise the same will be taken pro confesso
against them : the first publication of this order to appear at
least four months before said day.
By order of the Court:
Test: WM. BRENT, Clerk.
dec 4-law6w
RY, latest edition, is just received for sale by :
Also. Loudon's Encyclopaedia of Plants.
Loudon's Encyclopedia of Gardening.
London's Encyclopaedia of Agriculture.
Loudon's Eucyclopaidia of Cottage, Farm, and Villa Ar-
And many other valuable Eniglish editions.
F' EXAS, in 1 volume, price 50 cents, describing the soil,
productions, habits, advantages, &c. throughout those parts
most interestingto American settlers, 262 pages.
For sale by F. TAYLOR.
jan 8
OST, on the llth instant, between the Capitol and Pre-
sident's House, a small Pocket Book with between twen-
ty and" thirty dollars, and several notes of hand, valuable to the
owner, and also a silver Fruit Knife in it. It had also written
in it, Mrs. Henrietta Nenner, No. 17 Harrison street, Baltimore.
A suitable reward will be given if left at Mrs. Auld's boarding-
house, Penn. Avenue. jan 12--3t
of ihe Universe, Curiosities of Nature and Art, Won-
derfirl and Eccentric Characters of every age and nation, An.
ecdotes, Memoirs, Narratives, &c., in one octavo volume of 440.
closely printed pages, handsomely bound, and illustrated with
engravings. Price $1 25. Just received, and for sale by
jan 12 F. TAYLOR.
ILK -VELVETS, SILKS, &c.-Just received-
1 case assorted silk velvets for ladies' dresses.
1 case assorted silks, figured and plain
50 pieces ladies' cloak cloths
_- t .....- -_ -- _- . 1, J ...K 1. .,.;11 l,^ .1,-1 .,, ,,.^,, 11.T

CINE.-The transcendent merits, of this preparation, its
sanative powers and unparalleled efficacy in the cure of Rheu-
matism, &c. have voluntarily drawn forth the plaudits of thou-
sands, who byits use have been restored from pain and torture,
stiffness and decrepitude, to ease, strength, activity, and vigor-
ous health.
For sale by WM. GUNTON, only agent for the District.
jan 6-eol9t
Charles County Court, August Term, 183 7.
O RDERED by the Court, that the creditors of Charles Fer-
rall, a petitioner for the benefit of the insolvent laws of
the State of Maryland, be and appear before the Judges of
Charles County Court on the third Monday of March next, to
appoint a Trustee for their benefit, and show cause, if any they,
have, why the said Charles Feirall shall not have the benefit
of said acts. -Provided a copy of this order be inserted in some
newspaper published'in the District of Columbia, once a week
for two months before said third Monday of March'next.
True copy-Test: JOHN BARNES,
jan 6-w2m Clerk of Charles county.Court.
Parley's Universal History, on the basis of Geography, for
the use of families; illustrated by maps and engravings, 2 vols.
square 16mo. royal.
This work is an attempt to present an outline of Universal
History in a form so attractive and agreeable as to, accomplish
the desirable object of imprinting on the minds of youth, in
bright and unfading colors, a clear outline of the story of man-
kind. tThe author has endeavoredto avoid bewildering diffuse-
ness on the one hand, and repulsive chronological brevity on
the other, and to present, in a small compass, a continuous tale
of the great human family-one that may be both comprehen-
sible and entertaining to the young reader. The work is print-
ed and bound in a superior manner. Just published and for
sale between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
nov 10- 0 R. PFARNHAM.
OLD PENCIL CASES.-A large assortment of
L Gold aid Silver Everpoint Pencil Cases, Addisdn & Co's.
improved manufacture; just received and for sale at very low
Book, Stationery, and Fancy Store, between 11th & 12th
streets, Pennsylvania Avenue. jan 8-3t
O RDERED, That-the sales of the real estate of Samuel
Childs, deceased, made and reported by John D. Bow-
ling, the trustee, be ratified and confirmed, unless cause to the
contrary be shown before the first day of March, 1838 : Pro-
vided, That a copy of this order be published in some newspa-
per at least once in each of three successive weeks before the
29th day of January, 1838.
The report states the amount of said sales'to be $4,881. .
True copy-test: RAMSAY WATERS.
jan 2-law3w Reg. Cur. Can.
l~pHE TOKEN FOR 1838, beautifully embellished
S and enlarged to the size of Jennings's Landscape Annual,
and bound in a superior manner in goat-skin morocco; and, as
it regards mechanical execution, and its literary merits, far sur-
passes any of its predecessors. For sale between 9th and 10th
streets, Pennsylvania avenue. R. PARNHAM.
OTICE.-By virtue of an order from the Orphans'
.iN Court of Charles county, Maryland, I hereby give notice
that I have obtained fromniaid Court letters of administration oi
the personal estate of Ann Maria Murdock. All personstiav-
ing claims against the ~aid Ann Maria Murdock are hereby no-
tified to exhibit the same to the subscriber, on orbefore the 1st
of July next, or they may be excluded from all benefit of said
estate. PETER W. RAIN,
jan 3-w6w Administrator of Ann Maria Murdock.
HIS IS TO GIVE- NOTICE that the subscriber.
t hath obtained from the Orphans' CourtofWashington
county, in the District of Columibia, letters ofadministration on
the personal estate of William R. Maddox, late of Washington
county, deceased. All persons having claims against the said de-
ceased are hereby warned to exhibit thesame, with the vouch-
ers thereof, to the subscriber, on or before the 3d day of January
next; they may otherwise by law be excluded from all be-
nefit of said estate. Ani all persons indebted to- said estate
are hereby requested to-make immediate payment. :
SGiven under my hand this 3d day of January, eighteen hun-
dred and thirty-eight. E.
jan 4-w3w Administratrix.
ANDI FOR SALE.-The subscriber will sell at pri-
L vate sale all or any portion of the real estate of the late
Thomas Cramph'in, remaining unsold at this time, consisting of
several farms in Montgomery county, Maryland, distant only
ten or eleven miles from'Washington City or Georgetown. ,
Anydescription of this property is deemed unnecessary, as
it is presumed that those wishing to purchase would examine
for themselves, and they are referred for any further informa-
tion on the subject, to Charles B. Calvert National- Hotel,
,Washington City. GEORGE CALVERT,
sept 19-2awtf Trustee.
SARD CASES.-W. FISCHIlR has opened a very large
-L assortment of the handsomest Card an'd'Needle Cases, of,
silver, pearl, ivory, and tortoise;shell, that has ever been offer-
ed for sale in the city.
1BYRON'S WORKS.-The works of Lord Byron, in-
eluding the suppressed poems. Also, a Skttch of his
Life, by J. W. Lake, complete in' IPol. handsomely printed
and bound. ---';
Cowper's and Thompson's "Works.-The works of
Thompson and Cowper, including many letters and.poems ne-
ver before published in this country,'with a new interesting
memoir of the Life of Thompson, complete in one volume.
The poetical works of Milton, Young, ,Gray, Beattie, and
Collins, complete in I volume. -
The poetical works of Rogers, Campbell, I. Montgomery,
Lamb, and Kirk White, complete in I volume.
The works of Lawrence Sterne, with the Life of the Author,
written by himself, in 1 volume.
Mackenzie's Five Thousand Receipts in all the useful and

Daily national intelligencer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073214/00008
 Material Information
Title: Daily national intelligencer
Alternate title: National intelligencer
Sunday national intelligencer
Physical Description: v. : ; 50-60 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Gales & Seaton
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C.
Creation Date: March 28, 1837
Publication Date: 1813-
Frequency: daily (except sunday)[feb. 6, 1865-]
daily[ former 1813-feb. 5, 1865]
normalized irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microform from Readex Microprint Corp., and on microfilm from the Library of Congress.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1, 1813)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1869.
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended Aug. 24-30, 1814.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02260099
lccn - sn 83026172
System ID: UF00073214:00008
 Related Items
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. : 1810)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Succeeded by: Washington express
Succeeded by: Daily national intelligencer and Washington express

Full Text

-, I- ~-t-~-t---~- -




Those subscribing for a year, who do not, either at the time of
ordering the paper, or subsequently, give notice of their wish
to havo the paper discontinued at the expiration of their year,
will be presumed as desiring its continuance until counter-
manded, and it will be continued accordingly, at the option
of the Editors.

Until further notice the cars will depart as
1From Washington for Baltimore,
From Baltimore for Washington,
dee 28-d6t&w6t [Alex. Gaz. & Met.]
T HE Packet Line is now in operation between Georgetown
and Shepherdstown, via Harper's'Fe'riy,' for the present,
leaving the former place on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday,
and the latter on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. On and
after the 3d of April the trips will be daily (Sundays exdepted)
from each place. Hours 'of starting 4 o'clock, A. M.: fare
brought 83 50, intermediate distances five cents per mile.
mar 21-dt3dAp Treasurer.
FOR NORFOLK.-The Steamer CO-
LUMBIA, Captain James Mitchell, having been
placed permanently on the route between the Districtof Colum-
bia and Norfolk, will leave Washington every- Thursday at 10
o'clock, A. M. and, returning, will leave Norfolk every Sunday
at 3 o'clock P. M.
The Columbia arrives in time tor the Charlesto .,at'ts, Ports-
mouth Railroad, and the James river boats.
Passage and Fare $8.
Freight destined to Petersburg or Richmond, must be paid
for at the time of shipment. (Globe) mar 10-tf
Passage to Norfolk, Peters-
burg, and Richmond.-Onand
after Monday, the 13th instant, the
steamboat Kentucky will make
two trips a week to Norfolk, leaving the lower end of Spear's
wharf, Baltimore, every Monday and Friday afternoon, at 2
o'clock. Returning, will leave Norfolk every Sunday qnd
Wednesday afternoon.
The Columbus will leave the same wharf every Wednesday
afternoon, at sarte hour, and, returning, will leave Norfolk every
Friday afternoon, weather permitting; will put passengers on
board the Philadelphia boat next morning.
These boats run in connexion with the Charleston steam
packets, and the James river steamboats for Petersburg and
Richmond. Passage and fare 88.
All baggage at the risk of the owners.
mar 23-2aw. Baltimore.
S. C.-The superior steampackets
South Carolina and Georgia will
commence to run weekly on Saturday, the 18th instant, and
will continue to leave Norfolk every Saturday, after the arrival
of the boatfrom Baltimore.
Returning, will leave Charleston every Friday, and, unless in
bad weather, passengers may arrive in New Cork on Monday
Passengers leaving- New York on Thursday, and Philadel-
phia on Friday, will arrive in Norfolk in due time for the abore
Passage and fare $25 on and after the 18th.
All baggage at the risk of the owners.
Apply to
mar 23-2aw

V ERY EXTENSIVE SALE.-O:n Saturday, the 1st
of April, at 12 o'clock M. I shall sell at auction, without
reserve, at the National Hotel Livery Stables, the very exten-
sive and valuable stock of Carriages, Barouclies, &c. with the
fine harness and saddle Horses belonging to the above estab-
lishment, viz.
Handsome close Carriages and Coaichees, with harness
Do brass and silver mounted Barouches, with do
Do light buggy Wagon, with do
Five pairs of well broken harness Horses, in good condition,
ad have been carefully used. Amongst these are pairs ofihand-
ome match Horses, with several valuable saddle Horses.
Also, Saddles and Bridles, stable furniture, &c.
The carriages and barouches are in first-rate order, built in
ie most modern style, and of the best workmanship and mate-
Any one desirous of making a purchase of the above in one
tire lot, or a part thereof, has an opportunity of doing so at
-ivate sale previous to the 1st of April.
mar 25-d&cpts Auctioneer.
HOLD FURNITURE.-On Friday next, 31st
;it at 11 o'clock A. M. I shall sell at the residence of Mr. J.
Wilson, on F street, west of the Navy Department, his house-
Id and kitchen furniture, which is genteer and well kept,
isisting of, viz.
Parlor and chamber Carpets and Rug
Window Curtains, mahogany Sideboard
Hair Sofa, gilt mantel Glass
Handsome seat and Windsor Chairs
Passage and step Carpets, hall Lamp
Dining and breakfast Tables
Crockery and China, Glassware -
Set ivory Knives and Forks, &c.
French post Bedsteads, Beds
WVashstands end other articles of chamber furniture
Kitchen articles generally, Refrigerator, &c.
erms at sale. EDW'D DYER,
ar 25 (Globe) Auctioneer.
The subscriber will sell at private sale all or any portion
e real estate left by Thomas Cramphin, deceased, remain
mnsold at this time, consisting 6f the late residence of said
uphin, and otlber lands adjoining, together with two or
very valuable Farms on Rock ereehk.
et Dwelling-house-Faarm is situated about eleven miles
Washington, on the Washington and Rockville turnpike
and contains 375.; acres of land, a large portion of which
wood. The improvements consist of 'a brick dwelling-
: nearly new, with all the necessary out.-buildings.
-se Rock creek Farm, situated six miles from Georgetown
diately on the Georgetown and Reockville turnpike road,
of the most valuable and desirable farms in the county,
composed of a large portion of the finest timber and mea-
ind. The improvements consist of a commodious frame
ng-house, and all the necessary out-houses.
se lands have been recently surveyed, and laid off into
of from 200 to 400 acres; but should it be found advanta-
for the disposal of them, they will be subdivided to suit
:sers. Any communications addressed to the subscriber,
lensburg, or left at the National Hotel, Washington, will
rnptly attended to. GEORGE CALVERT,
21-dtf Trustee.

/T AND COAL.-The cargo'of the ship Caledonia,
ipt. Coffin, from Liverpool, now arrived in the river, is
for sale, either the entire cargo or in lots to suit to pur-
SIt consists of
-00 sacks of blown or stowed Salt
00 do. Ground Alum do.
to 14,000 bushels Ground Alum Salt, in bulk, and
10 bushels Orrell Coal, for grates. Apply to
WALTER SMITH, Georgetown.
PICE.--The undersigned, Commissioners appointed
r Prince George's County Court to value and lay off
er of Margery Daral in andto to e lands of Richard
ceased, late of Prince George's county, according to
isions of the acts of Assembly in such case made and
do hereby give notice to all concerned, that they will ,
him late residence of Mr. Richard Hill, on the 4th day
or thereabouts, at 10 o'clock, to correct the mistake
made in assigning Mrs. Margery Darnall's dower to
-w4w Commissioners.


P ROPOSALS will be received at Cincinnati, Ohio, until 12
o'clock M. on the 10th day of April next, for furnishing,
forlthe use of the Chickasaws, one million three hundred thou-
sand Indian rations ; one hundred thousand to be delivered at
Memphis, Tennessee, on or before the 10th day of.May, two
hundred thousand at Little Rock, Arkansas, on or before then
20th day of May, and one million at Fort Cofflee, on the Arkan-
sas river, on or before the 30th day of May next.
The Indian ration consists of-
1. One pound of fresh beef or pork, or three-fourths of a
pound of salt pork.
2. Three-fourths of a quart of corn or corn meal, or one pound
of wheat flour.
3. Four quarts of salt to every one hundred rations.
The rations, which must be of the first quality, must be de-
livered in good order, at the points indicated, without expense
to the Uni'ed States, to the agents of the Government, who will
be stationed there for the purpose of inspecting and receiving
the same.
Bids may be made for each delivery, separately, but no bid
for less than the whole amount wanted at each place will be
Approved security, in a penalty of double the amount of the
accepted bid or bids, will be required.
The privilege of rejecting all the bids, if deemed too high, is
reserved to the Government.
Payments will be made by drafts on this office, accompanied.
by the certificate of the agent receiving the rations, as to the
delivery of the same in accordance with the contract. No ad-
vances will be made.
The proposals must be sealed and endorsed "Proposals to
furnish Chickasaw rations," and directed to Lieut. J. D. SEA-
RIGHT, U. S. A. Cincinnati, Ohio, who, or some other officer of
the Government, will open and declare the bids on the 10th of
April, and close the contracts. C. A. HARRIS,
Q Commissioner Indian Affairs.
Inr To be published daily till the 10th April, in the Republi-
fan and Advertiser, Cincinnati, and Hemisphere, Columbus,
Ohio, Gazette, Lexington, Monitor, Maysville, and Advertiser,
Louisville, Kentucky, and the accounts, with one copy of each
paper, presented to Lieut. Searight for payment.
mar I 1-dtl0thAp C. A. H.

P ROPOSALS will be received at this office until the 5th of
April next, for twenty-five thousand bushels of Richmond
Coal, to be delivered at the Navy Yard in this city. One-third
part, at least, must brseoa coal, and the remainder may be
fine -coal for smiths' use. The quality must be equal to the
Black Heath Company of Colliers" Coal. Part of thie Coal
will be wanted in the early part of next month, and the remain-
der on or before the first day of October next.
Ten percentum will be withheld from the amonuntof each de-
livery until thie contract is fully complied with, in ad hition to
the bond'with the sureties given for the faithful performance of
the contract.
tir To be published daily in the National Intelligencer,
Globe, and Richmond Enquirer. mar 22-dtA5
P[ROPOSALS will be received by the undersiga-
ed, through the Post Office at Philadelphia, till the 25th of
April, for furnishing the United States witll the following Yel-
low Pine Lumber, viz.
3,000 running feet of 12 inches square, in lengths of 32, 38,
44, and 50 feet in equal proportions.
60 pieces, 12 inches square, 22 feet long.
100 pieces, 6 inches by 12,23 feet long.
30,000 feet (board measure) of 3 inch plank.
The above to be delivered on the beach near Lewes,. Dela-
ware, Cape Henlopen, one-third in May, one-third in June, and
the remainder in July. The whole of the above to be'free of
sap. For any further information, apply to the-undersigned, or
to Lieut. F. A. Smith, of the Corps of Engineers, Lewes, Dela-
mar 25-dt24A ". Captain of Engineers.
P ROPOSALS will be received by the undersign-
.X ed, through the Post Office at Philadelphia, till the l7th of
April, to furnish the United States with 350 White Oak Piles,
26 feet long and 12 inches square. Also, 30 White Oak Tim-
bers for capping, 25 feetlong and 12 inches square. To be de-
livered at the beach near Lewes, Cape Henlopen, one-third in
May, one-third in June, and the remainder in July. For any
further information, apply to the undersigned or to Lieut. F. A.
Smith ofthe Corps of Engineers, Lewes, Delaware.
mar 25-dtl5A Captain of Engineers.

I WATER.-Proposals will be received by the under-
signed, through the post office, (Philadelphia,) until the 15th of
April, for the delivery, at the Delaware Breakwater, of Stone
to the value of one hundred thousand dollars. The stone to be
of the hardest and mostdurable kind. A preference will be gi-
ven to that containing the least mica. One-third of the quanti-
ty is required in pieces exceeding two tons (of 2,240 lbs.)
weight, and the other two-thirds in pieces not less than one-
quarter of a ton weight. The whole to be delivered on or be-
fore the 15th day of November next.
Proposals will be received specifying the rate per ton of each
size for any quantities over one thousand tons.
Payments made in this city, on producing evidence ofdelive-
ry at the Breakwater, subject to a reservation of ten per cent.
as security for the performance of the contract.
For any more information apply to the undersigned, at his of-
fice, 208 Spruce street, Philadelphia, or to Lieut. F. A. Smith,
of the corps of Engineers, at the Breakvwater.
mar 18-dtl3thA Captain of Engineers.
NOTICE.-All persons claiming to be placed upon the
Navy Pension Roll are requested to send their papers to
the Navy Department.
All claims for arrears of Navy Pensions arc requested ta be
forwarded to the Fourth Auditor of the Treasury for settlement.
In all cases, the necessary instructions as to proof, &sc.will be
promptly transmitted to claimantshby the Department and Fourth
Auditor. This notice is given to prevent personal applications
at the Department, and to save to the parties the expense and
delay of employing agents. mar 14 -dimno

WATER NAVIGATION.-Notice to Contrac-
tors.-Sealed proposals will be received, until the 7th day of
April next, by the subscriber, on behalf of the Rappahannock
Company, at the office of their Engineer, in the town of Fred-.
ericksburg, for the construction of four new Dams, raising, cov-
ering, and backing several others, several short Canals, four-
teen Lift Looks, of wood and stone combined, ten Guard Locks,
and other incidental works, for that portion of the slack-water
navigation extending from the town of Fredericksburg to Bar-
nettl's mills, a distance of twenty miles.
The prices for the work must include the expense of materials
necessary for the completion of the same according to plans and
specifications that will be ready for examination on the Ist to the
7th April, inclusive.
The work to be completed by the 15th day of November of
the present year.
It is believed that the work above offered for contract presents
superior inducements, especially to such as have been accus-
tomed to, and prefer, contracts embracing heavy dry wallingand
carpentry, the materials for which are at hand and in abund-
No fears need be entertained as to the healthfulness of the
The usual testimonials of character and responsibility will be
expected to accompany the proposals.
mnar 21-dt7thAp Chief Engineer.
F TSH DOCKS.-The following sites have been estab-
llished by law for the sale of fish, viz.
The south extremity of 17th street west, on the Tiber ; the
landing on thie north side of the Tiber at 7th and 12th streets
west, provided no fish shall be cleaned on said landings; the
steamboat wharf on the Potomac, near the bridge over the Polo-
mac., and at Cana's wharf; 'Pront's wharf on the Eastern Branch ;
the wharf owned or occupied by F. B. Poston, on the Potomac
river, near the entrance of Rock creek in the same, and on theu
south side ofTiber creek bn 151h street west; and the whartf
now occupied by Messrs. F. B. Poston and Thomas Herbert,
near tihe intersection of G and 27th streets west.
No fish can be sold, between the 15th of March and 1st of
June, out of any vessel, scow, or boat, at any other site or plmci
in this city, under a penalty of 810, except at Ihe landings where
they may be caught or taken in seines, or out of cars and wa-
gons, and at the several market-houses.
mar 13-1mo WM. HEWITT, Register.
RETANDERSON has on hand a good assortment of
Blank Books, Writing and Printing Paper, Tape, Taste, &P.
which he will sell at a low rate. The Clerks in the Depart-
ments and others purchasing Stationery, will do well to see his
samples, and compare the prices with those of othcr dealers.
For sale at P. Thompson's Old Stand, Pennsylvania ave:nue,-
between Lith and 12th streets. feb 10


Keep the feet dry, the head cool, and bid defiance to the
Physioiain.-Doct. Bocrhaavie.
The subscriber need not expatiate on the above passage, which
is taken from the works of the celebrated physician whose name
is prefixed; lie is aware e hat an enlightened public will digest
and bear its import in minJ, and thus give to it its due appreci-
The Journal of Health, published in Philadelphia in 1827, by
an association of medical gentlemen, in giving a list of all the
melancholy diseases that arise from wet feet, numbering thirty-
nine, says tlhe fair and lovely of the land are cut down in the
bloom and blossom of life, from diseases arising from wet feet,
owing in a great meaiisure to the pride of youth, and the heed-
lessness of old ago, thus depriving society ofsome of the bright-
est orbs and greatest ornaments, and when such diseases have
taken place, tie house is on fire, and danger is not far off."-
Vol. 1, No. 6.
The following is taken from the Medical Advocate. What
causes the doctors to ride in their coaches ? Cold and wet feet.
If, then, you would wish to dispense with their services, keep
your feet dry." An ounce ofpreventative is worth a pound of
HJealth, the poor man's riches, the rich man's bliss."
Doctor Franklin.
The subscriber most respectfully informs the reader that he
has superseded, by his late discovery, the alarming consequren-
ces mentioned in the respectable journals above quoted, which
discovery has been sanctioned by one of the most erudite socie-
ties probably in the world, (the American Institute.) And after
having undergone an ordeal of the-severest scrutiny and criti-
cisem before the judges of said institution as to the public utility
o.fhis invention, it awarded him the diploma in October, 1835,
.and again in October, 1836, having thus twice borne its testi-
mony to the excellence of his invention. With such testimony,
he hesitated not in applying to the Government for an .exclusive
right for the said discovery, which right has been granted, ac-
cording to law, for the term of fourteen years from the 10th day
of this month, for this most desirabledesideratum. Hispatented
composition renders all kinds of leather completely impervious
to water, and is a sure preventative against its breaking; and
this latter property is in importance "equal to the former..
It wilt be useful to the currier, the boot maker, the carriage
maker, saddle and har ness maker, the wall painter, in preserv-
ing his patterns, and lastly to the contractors of the mails, in ren-
dering the bags in which letters, packages, &e. are conveyed,
completely impervious, which will be a saving of at least 25 per
cent. The patent right is for sale. All communications address-
ed to thei patentee (post paid) will be attended to.
Railroad Hotel, near the Capitol, Penn. Av.
N. N. The diplomas, patent right, certificates and speci-
mens are now exhibiting as above.
mar 1-dtf-
Taver Ibfor rent.-The subscriber, being anxious to
retire from the mercantile business, offers for sale his Stock of
Goods, consisting of merchandise generally.
Also, for rent, the Store House, situated on the Washington
Railroad, twelve miles from Washington. As to the advantages
of this situation as a place of business, lie will satisfy any who
may be disposed to buy him out.
Also, for rent, is Taver'n stand, at the samdre place, (Belts-
ville, Maryland.) The tavern is large, ready furnished, and
conveniently constructed, with every necessary building at-
tached, such as stabling, &c. The railroad cars stop at this
place four times daily, to take in and put out passengers, and to
receive and deliver produce. The situation is remarkably
healthy; and t: any crs who -.ill properly carry en one or both
establishments, offers great inducements. Terms will be very
liberal, and possession given at any time.
P. S.-I am authorized to rent the Tavern stand in Bladens-
burg, belonging to Mrs. H. Ross. The house, has been occu-
pied a long time a tavern, and holds out inducements at this
time, as passengers stop to and from the railroad. Possession
given immediately, and rent moderate.
jan' 21-ceotf Beltsville, Washington Railroad, Md.

OTICE.-Thle subscriber will sell from 1,000 to 12,000
cords of Pine Wood, standing on his plantation, near Har-
ris's Lot Post Office, Charles county, Maryland, for the low suma
of seventy-five cents per cord, or at a lower price, according to
the number of cords wanted. The hauling, either to the Poto-
mac or Wycomico rivers, is convenient; two and a half miles
from the former, and two from the latter. Some of said pines
are from twenty to sixty feet high, and free from knots, boughs,
or limbs, nearly to the top, and from 8 to 12 inches square.
Harris's Lot, Charles county, Maryland.
feb 28-3taw3w
debted to Walter Harper, late of the City of Washington,
Dry Goods Merchant, are requested to make immediate pay-
ment to the subscriber. Those who have not yet made payment
of their accounts may save the costs ofsuit, provided they do so
on or before Monday next, the 27th instant, when all delinquents
will either be proceeded against in the Circuit Court, or by
warrant, without respect of persons.
No. 7, Louisiana Avenue, near the Bank of Washington.
4f Ladies, wishing to settle with the subscriber, can call at
his dwelling, seven doors above his office.
mar 21-1w (Glo.)

A FARM FOR SALE-Situated in Prince George's
county, Maryland, containing 270 or 280 acres. It lies in
a very pleasant and healthy neighborhood, and is distant tenm
miles from Washington city. lThe improvements are a two-
story frame dwelling house, a two-story barn, the lower of stone;
the stable joins the barn, so as to form a right angle, and the
corn-house is connected with the stable, making it a very de-
sirable place for cattle. It lies on the main road leading from
Bladensburg to Good Luck post office, and can easily be recog-
nised by two rows of locust trees leading from the road to the
house. Clover, plaster, and lime have been used with great
success. It certainly yields, in a great degree, to the growth of
clover, timothy, and red-top. There are two meadows, one at
tie head of a spring of very pure water, adjoining the barn,
distant sixty yards friom the dwelling; the other in one of the
fields, headed by four first-rate springs. The place is divided
into six fields, and the barn being so centered as to receive the
stock from either direction. This finm would suit a town gentle-
man, for its local situation partakes of some variety. It has a
large supply of- wood land, and a very handsome young apple
orchard of select fruit. It possesses a large and desirable out-
let for cattle and iaogs, and the farm is well adapted to grazing,
which would render it acceptable to those who would prefer
farming altogether. Possession can be had at any time, and
payments to suit the purchaser. Messrs. GEORGE WV. PHIL-
LIPS and WIc'E-a BE~vr both of Washington city, can de-
scribe this farm to the satisfaction of inquiry.
T HIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
hatli obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington
county, in the District of Columbia, letters of administration on
the personal estate of Pearce Naddy, late of Washington coun-
ty, deceased. All persons having claims against said deceas-
ed are hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouchers
thereof, to the subscriber, on or before the 14th day of October
next; they miay otherwise by law be excluded from all benefit
of tie said deceased's estate.
Given under my hand this 14th day of October, 1836.
mar 16-w3w Administratrix.
UCKLAND'S GEOLOGY.-Just received from
S the publisher, Geology and Mineralogy, considered with
reference to Natural Theology, by the Rev. William Buckland,
D. D. For sale by GARRET ANDERSON,
mar 15-3t Penn. Avenue, between 1lhh and 12th sts.

NEW YORK INFIRMARY for Diseases of the
Skin, corner of Broadway and Courtland street, (en
trance No. 2 Courtland street,) open daily, fi-rom 1 till 2 o'clock
Physicians.-JoHN W.ScHMDnT, Jr M.D., MINTURniPosT
M. D., CHARLES A. I'POTEn, MI. D. jan 26-dt
Wh1OR SALE OR RENT.-On the upperpart of Green-
.A leaRs Point, the two westernmost three story Brick Houses,
in which Commodore RODGEas recently resided, together with
the garden, ice house, bath, smoke house, stables, carriage
house, &c. &c. mar 7-tf
( ASH FOR NEGROES.-I will give the highest
a cash price for likely NEGROES from 10 to 25 years of
age. Myselfor agent can at all times be found at the estab-
lishnmnt formerly owned by Armfiold, Pranklin & Co. at the
west end of Duke street, Alexandria. -
ASH FOR 4100 NEGROES, including bothlsexs,
from twelveto twenty-five years of age. Persons having
servants to dispose of will find it to their interest to give me a
call, as I will give higher prices, in cash, than any other pur-
chaser who is now in this market.
I can at all times be found at the MECHANICS' HALL,now
kept by B. 0. Sheckle, and formerly ke-t Iby Isaac Beers, on
Seventh street, a few doors below Lloyd's tavern, opposite the
Centre market. All cominmunicationspronptly attended to.
nov 7-rit Washington City.

28. 1837.

S EPARATE PROPOSALS will be received at the
office of the Q uartermnaster of the Marine Corps, in this
city, until the 2d day of April next, for furnishing, for the use
of the United States, thie following articles ;
5,000 cotton shirts
2,500 linen overalls
1,500 linen jackets
3,000 pairs Germantown socks
800 fatigue caps
1,000 .blankets
4,000 pair of shoes -
500 knapsacks
600 uniform leather caps, complete, except pompons
4,000 yards ofyellow worsted lace, 3-8 inch wide
3,000 do do do 1-2 do
1,500 pompons
120 yellow worsted sergeant's epaulets
120 do. do corporal's do
1,400 do do shoulder straps
35 sergeant's sashes.
Samples of the different articles can be sean at this office, and
at the offices of the officers commanding marines at Portsmouth,
New Hampshire ; Charlestown, Massachusetts ; Brooklyn, New
York; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and Norfolk, Virginia.
One-half of the cotton shirts, linen jackets, and linen overalls,
to be delivered on or before the 1st day of May next; and the
other half, together with all the articles, on or before the lstday
of July tnc i it,: i..I i to be delivered at the Marine Clothing
Store, in P ...l..t..p .1, good, new, and stroug.packing boxes,
(for which no charge will be allowed,) without expense 'to, the:
United States, and subject, after delivery, to- the inspection of
the Quartermaster, or such persons as hle may appoint. The
proposals to be endorsed "Proposals for Marine Clothing."
tiar 8-3tawtd Quartermaster.
'The Portsmouth Gazette, New Hampshire ; American Senti-
nel and Pennsylvanian, Philadelphia; the New York Times;
Morning Post, Boston; the Republican Herald, Providence, R.
1.; Baltimore Republican, and Norfolk Herald, will give the
above three insertions per week, and send one copy of the pa-
per containing the advertisement to this office.
ceiving by the late arrivals from New York and Phila-
delphia, his fall supply of Writing Paper. The assortmen is
extensive, a part of which he had made expressly to order, of
superior quality, and weighing from 12 to 16 ounces more in the
ream than any other kind ofthe same size.
`1 HIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
has obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington
county, in the District of Columbia, letters of administration on
the personal estate of Ferdinani' F. Wood, late of Washington
county, D. C. deceased. All persons having claims against the
deceased are hereby warned to exhibit the same, within the
vouchers thereof, to'the subscriber on or before thIe 3d day of
March next; they mnay otherwise by law be excluded from all
benefit ot said estate. Given under my hand this 3d day of
March, 1837.
mar 8-w3w MARY A. E. WOOD, Adm'x.
Notice is also given, that my father, John Nowland, is here-
by authorized to transact all business for me relating to the nbove
T HIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
has obtained.from the Orphans' Court of Washington
county, iu the District of Columbia, letters of administration oni
thie personal estate of Elizabeth Bowie, late of Washington
county, deceased. All per'sois having claims against the said
deceased are hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the
vouchers thereof, to the subscriber, oin or before the 22d day
of February next ; they may otherwise, by law, be excluded
from all benefit of said estate. Given under my han'l, this 20th
day of March, 1837.- HENRY MAY,
mniar 21-w3w Adiinistrator.
OR RENT OR SALE.-A new Brick Tavern es-
tablishimnet, in thea town of Lewisburg, opposite the
court-house, nine miles from the White Sulphur Sprinas, and
twelve miles from the Blue Sulphur Springs, end ou the main
stage line frnom Washington and Richmond to Guyan.otte, on
the Ohio riyer. The heojse is 80 feet in lenghi, and 50 in width,
three stories high, with thirty-one' fine sized rooms, and the
kitchen in the basement story, and a large new stable, and within
all other necessary ont-buildings.
To any gentleman that will furnish the house, and can come
well recommended, I will give one year free of rent.
Letters to be addressed to DAVID S. CREIGH, or
feb 20-3taw2rmd&c Lewisburg, Va.

L AND FOR SALIE.-The subscribers will offer at
public sale, to the highest bidder, for cash, on the 20th
of April next, a Tract of Land named Pig Pen, containing 126
acres, more or less, and about one-half in wood. The said
land adjoins Capt. C. Baden's and John Contee's lands, and
formerly the plantation where the late William Cross resided,
lying and being in Prince George's county, Maryland, and not
more-than one and a half miles from Good Luck Post Office.
It is presumed those who wish to purchase will view the land
before the day of sale. Sale to take place at Good Luck Post
Office, at 10 o'clock A.M. Title indisputable. .
feb 13-wts Executors of Col. Jos. Cross.

AND FOR SALE.-I wish to sell my plantation call-
ed B.oolkridge," lying in Prince George's county, Md.
nearUpper iVarlboro' and Nottingham, four and a halfmiles
distant from each place, containing about Four Hundred Acres,
on which there is a new and comfortable dwelling-house, kitch-
en, meat-house, stable, carriage-house, overseer's house, and
three negro quarters, &c.; fine springs ofwater, good fruit, fire-
wood in abundance, and is situated in one of the most respect
able neighborhoods in tlie county. Persons hielined to purchase
can view the land by applying to Mr. Grimes, the manager,
and the terms made known by application to
jan 28-law6w. NottinEgham.
Circuit Court of tile District of" Columbla, ior tise
Cottunty of Washington.-tIn Equity.
George Law, vs. Charles Brugiere, James L. Duval et al.
T HE bill of complaint in this ac.se alleges an agreement,
between the complainant and the said Charles Brugiere,
one of the defendants, by which it was stipulated that the com-
plainant, in consideration of his services in and about the pro-
seutien of a certain claim before the Board of Commissioners
appointed under the treaty with France, providing for remune-
ration to the citizens of the United States for spoliations by
French subjects, &c. and in consideration of hishaving inform-
ed the said Brugiere of the existence of said claim, and of his
furnishing the evidence to establish the validity of the same,
should have and retain out of the sum which should be awarded
in liquidation of the said claim, a certain proportion thereof, to
wit, one-third of tihe whole amount. The bill further shows
that the complainant dlid prosecutee he said claim, and that an
award in liquidation thereof was made, for $1,879, to the said
James L. David, another of the defendants, in trust for the said
Charles Brugiere : by reason whereof the said complainant
could net receive or secure any portion of the same, under the
power of attorney made to him by thie said Brugiere.
Tie complainant asserts in his bill that he ought to be per-
muitted to receive from the Treasury Department a certificate
for one-third of the amount awarded, to wit, 8626 33 ; and the
bill seeks to compel the said Duval to execute his duty as trus-
tee of the said award, and to assign and transfer to the com-
plainant his one-third part thereof; and, further, to obtain a
full discovery-.'ind disclosure, upon the oath of the said parties,
of all connexion between them in rela ion to tihe premises, &c.
&c.; and to prevent the said parties, or either of them, from
obtaining possession of the said fund, without seenuring to the
complainant what is justly'due to him, the bill prays an injunc-
tion, &e.
And forasmuch as the said Charles Brugiere and the said
James L. Duval do not reside within the jurisdiction of this
Court, but beyond and without the District of Columbia, it is
therefore ordered, this ninth day of March, in the year of our
Lord .one thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven, that the
said Charles Brugiere and James L. Duval be and appear inm
the Court here, or at the rules, in propriis persons, or by so-
licitor, on or before the first.Monday in August next, to answer
to the said bill of complaint and the several matters thereof:
or otherwise, that the said bill and the several matters thereof
be taken as confessed against the parties so failing to ap-
pear: Provided, that a copy of this order be published in tihe
National Intelligencer once a week nor three weeks, the first
publication thereof to be at least four months before said day.
True Copy. Test: W. BRENT, Clerk.
COXE & CARLISLE, Solitinors, &c. for complainant.
mar l-w3 w

(iARRET ANDERSON has just received, fur sale,
S The German Tourist, with 17 fine engravings
A View of the 'World, as distinguished by manners, costumes
characteristics of all nations, with 80 engravings, by the Rev. J.
L. Beake.
Walker's Manly Exernisae, illustrated by engravings.
Knapp's Female Biography, containing notices of distinguish-
ed women in different nations and ages.
At his book, stationery, and fancy store, Pennsylvania Aven-
lie, between 11th and 12th streets, tab 28-3t

Warren county, Virginia-Post Office, Mliddle
town, Frederick county, Virginia.--This is a select school,
limited in the number of pupils, and taught by the subscriber
as Principal, with the aid of such assistants as circumstances
may require.
The most approved methods and systems are adopted; such
as are calculated to obviate useless drudgery, and to elicit the
exercise of mind. In connexion within the study of the Greek
and Latin classics, particular attention is paid to those minor
branches of English so frequently neglected.
Besides a separate English Department, and a Preparatory
Classical School,l the Institute includes four classes, embracing a
course of liberal education but little inferior to that pursued in
mostofour colleges, and at much less expense. Itis presumed
that a youth, after completing thie course of any one of these
classes, will be prepared to commence with a class of the same
name in college. As far as time and circumstances admit, the
following constitutes tire course of studies:
Freshmen.-Adams's Latin Grammar, Mair's Introduction,
Cmesar, Cicero and Virgil, Arithmetic, Malte Brun's Geography,
English Grammar, Profane History, Sacred History, Elocution,
Composition, Penmanship, Reading and Orthography.
Sophomores.--Adams s Latin Grammar, Valpy's Greek
Grammar, Horace, Greek New Testament, Algebra, (Bon.)
Malte Brun's Geography, English Grammar, Profane History,
Sacred History, Elocution, Composition, Penmanship, Reading
and Orthography.
Juniores.-Adams's Latin Grammar, Valpy's Greek Gramn-
mar, Tacitus, Gr. Minoras and Majora, Geometry, (Enc.) (Leg.)
Mensuration and Surveying, (Gum.) Con. Sec. and S. Trig.
(Sim.) Profane -History, Sacred History and Ethics, Elocution%,
Conupusition, Criticism, Debating.
Seniorcs.-Adams's Latin Grammar, Valpy's Greek Gram-
mar, Cicero de Oratore, Gr. Major, Natural Philosophy and
Chemistry, Moral Philosophy, (With.) Logic (Hed.) Rhetoric,
(Blair,) Profane History, Sacred History and Ethics, Elocution,
(original,) Composition, Criticism, Debating.
In the Preparatory Classical School, such studies are pursued
as will qualify for admission to the Freshman Class. In the
English Department, parents and guardians will select the
branches desired.
A good miscellaneous library is accessible to the students at
all times, in-which are stately deposited a number of the most
approved periodicals, devoted to education, literature, and sci-
A Lyceum is in successful operation, affording opportunities
and facilities for mental exercise.
Such regulations respecting health and habits of personal
cleanliness are adopted and practised, as every parent imust-ap-i
prove. The lodging rooms are large, and constructed with spe-
cial reference to ventilation and comfort. And every practice
on the part of the student calculated to injure health is carefully
A system of manual labor i- adopted, (altogether voluntary
with the student,) uniting healthful exercise with pecuniary re-
The morals of the pupils are most sedulously guarded. Their
limited number and select character, as well as the retired lo-
cation of the buildings, are calculated to favor this object. All
amusements and recreautions are limited to such distances as to
avoid all contact with improper associates. The Sabbath is de-
voted to attendance on. public worship, or to such moral employ-
meats as must mineet tihe .cordial approbation of all religious de-
The pupils are daily associated with the family circle, and
their government is purely parental. The rules and regulations
for theirdeportinent and attention'to study are enforced by them-
selves, and yet are such as to challenge the severest scrutiny
of the most rigid disciplinarian. A strict regard to truth and
personal integrity are the principles upon which they are taught
to act; and a youth whorn repeated efforts cannot induce to re-
gard these principles as most sacred and inviolable, must spee-
dily close hims connexion with the institution.
Monthly and annual examinations are statedly held, and the
results forwarded to parents in regular monthly reports and an-
nual certificates, with statements respecting progress, deport-
ment, health, accidents, &c. &c. The school is at all times
open for the ispection of fri-ends and the Public generally.
The most flattering testimonials have been received from a
very large majority of those educated in the institute, speaking
in the highest terms of the system of instruction, mode of
government, personal treatment, &c. &e. Many of these in-
dividuals are now actively engaged in professional life, and it is
presumed that they are competent to judge of the merits of the
The next session will commence April 17, 1837. It is not
desirable that the pupil visit home during the session, excepting
under very special circumstances.
Terms for boarding and tuition, $73 per session offive months.
The students furnish their own lights, towels, &c. A reduction
is made to pious students of limited resources, having the gospel
ministry in view. No applicantreceived for less than session,
or that portion of the session remaining at the time of admission.
And as it is a select school, none will be admitted without satis-
factory credentials of good moral character.
Winchester.-Rev. J. J. Royall, Messrs. T. A. Tidball, A.
S. Tidball, E. W. Robinson, and Daniel Gold.
Jeffcrson.-Rev. T. W. Simpson.
Betrkeley.-Rev. L. F. Wilson.
Prince William.-J. B. Ewell, Esq.
Fredericksburg.-Rev. S. B. Wilson.
Alexandria, D. C.-Wm. Hill, D.BD.
. Fairfax.-Com. T. Ap C. Jones, U. S. N.
University of Virgin.ia.-Rev. Sep. Tuston, Chaplain.
mar 14-wly

about one hundred and twenty acres, lying about three
miles from Bladensburg, in Prince George's county, Mary-
land, and eight' from Washington, and adjoining the lands of
Mr. Stephien Onions and Walter Smith. Nearly one-half of
this land is in wood; two lots have .been improved with clover,
and about fifteen acres of meadow land. It has on it a good
dwelling house, stable, &c., a good garden paled in,-a small
orchard of excellent fruit, and fine water. The above farm will.
be sold very low; and terms made known on application to the
subscriber, living at Migruder's mill, in said county, about five
miles from Upper Marlborough, or to Mr. William Becket, in
feb l--law4wcp ALARIC McGREGOR.
by P. TAYLOR, in one volume, all the Laws relating to
Indians and Indian Affairs, by the Colonial, State, and General
Governments, (including those of the Congress ofthe Confede-
ration,) from 1633 to the present time, one octavo volume of 330
pages; price only $1 25.
Also, Indian Treaties and Laws and Regulations r lating to
Indian affairs, showing also the proceedings of the Old Con-
gress on tlhe same subject.; and many other important State Pa-
pers relating to Indians and Indian affairs, one octavo volume.
Speeches on tile Indian Removal Bill of 1830, one volume,
price 62j cents, containingSpeeches of Frelinghuysen, Sprague,
Robbins, Storrs, Ellsworth, Evans, Huntingdon, Everett, and
others. feb 13
S and this day opened for sale by F. TAYLOR-
Shakspeare, large foilio edition, with one 'hundred of the
largest sized engravings, splendidly bound in Turkey morocco.
SFairbai nor's Political Economy of Railroads, showing their in-
fluence upon Ihe affairs of nations ; containing also a practical
plan for converting turnpikes into railroads.
Pugin's Specimens of Gothic Architecture, in two quarto vol-
umes, filled with engravings illustrating the various styles, and
showing also the practical construction.
The Plants (by Baron Hiuholdt and M. Bonpland) of Southi
Americaand thie West India Ilands, 1 folio volume, filled witli
the largest sized engravings, splendidly colored.
Dictionary of Architecture, descriptive, topographical, and
mechanical, 3 volumes, by Stuart, Architectand Civil Engineer-
Walpole's Royal and Noble Authors, 4 volumes.
Hanoverian and Saxon Scenery, by Batty.
Te Book of the British Constitution, 1 volume octavo.
North on Fish Ponds, 1 volume quarto.
Cotman's Architectural Antiquities of Normandy, 2 folio vols.
with 100 of the largest sized engravings. I
Sir Walter Scott's Border Antiquities of England and Scot-
land, 2 quarto volumes, filled with engravings..
Graphic Illustrations and Chronological History of Architec-
ture in England, 1 quarto volume, numerous engravings.
Milner's Ecclesiastical Architecture of England during the
Middle Ages, 1 volume, with illustrations.
ThIe Court of Queen Rlizabeth, I volume quarto, very numer-
ouri authcntic likenesses.
Nichnolson's Engineerngand Architectural Dictionary, 2 quar.
to volimnes.
How to observe Geology," by De la Beche, 1 volume, en-
Memoirs and Diary of Pepys, in the reigns of Charles the
Second and James the Second, 5 volumes octavo.
Memoirs and Diary of Evelyn, author of the Sylva," 5 vols.
Costumes, I large quarto volume, colored engravings.
**' The above works have been delayed for two months by
the closing of the Potinmc with ice, and the season for which
they were intended having nearly closed, they will be offered
for a fewdays at a much lower price than they have or can again
he sold for in Wash'ngton. mar 1






mc~,-ra~a~l~;rx~acn~1<~~~-~i~- --r~rc~-~7mnmrrEmnca-i ~L~i~;uu~-p~iarj~a~-Ud---------Y-~-,,,,

LAND, being the last of the Bridgewater Treatises,
just published, and this day received for sale by
mar 15 Inmmediately east of Gadsby's Hotel.
OHN VAUGHAN, Importer of Wtines
Duff, Gordon & Co.'s Sherries
Phelps, Phelps .& Laurie's Madeiras
Buinnester & Brothers' Ports
Claret, Champlagne, and other Wines
All of the most approved brands, and imported direct by J. V,
up 21--d&cwly


No. 7527.

MARCH 2, 183i
will be held, in the Banking House, on Monday, the
A pril, for the purpose of choosing twelve stockholders as ]
rectors for the year next ensuing.
mar 3-2awtd D. ENGLISH, Cashier.
r7fRUSTEES' SALE of valuable Lots of Grow
in and adjoining tile town of Cumberland.-]
virtue ofa decree of Allegany County Court, asa CourtofEqi
ty, in a cause wherein Andrew Bruce, executor of John Sco
deceased, is complainant, and Ann Scott and others defendant
the subscribers, as Trustees, will expose to public sale, at tl
tavern-house of Mr. James Black, in Cumberland, on Wedne
day, the 22d day of March next, at II o'clock A. M. several v.
luable Lots and parcels of Land in and adjoining the town .
Cumberland, embracing all the real estate of the late John Scot
The greater part of the above lots front on the road leading I
Hagerstown, opposite -Mrs. Slicer's tavern, and are advantage(
ously situated for building lots.
Lot No. 195 fronts on Mechanic street 66 feet, and runs bad
to Wills's creek, and adjoins the lot on which the tavern-hous,
stafids, now kept by Mrs. Edwards.
The whole of the above lots will. be. sold clear of dower, Mrs
Scott having assented to the decree.
The- terms ofsale are : One-fourth of the purchase money t<
be paid on the day of sale, or on the ratification thereof, and th<
balance in three equal annual payments, with interest from the
day of sale, to be secured by bonds with such surelies as the
subscribers may at proveof. On the payment of the whole ol
the purchase money, the Trustees are authorized to execute
deeds conveying the property sold, free, clear, and discharged
of all the parties to this cause. WILLIAM PglCE,
jan 10-wtds Trustees.
WV Quaker Hill.-The course of instruction in this In-
stitution, now in successful operation, embraces the Latin, Greek,
and Hebrew languages, Mathematics, and .the usual branches of
a substantial English education. Number of pupils limited to
thirty. TERMS.
For the Classics, with strict attention tothe English branches
in which the pupils may be found defective, 81io0 per annum,
payable quarterly, in advance.
For the English branches, Mathematics, and Natural Sciences,
$140 per annum, payable as above.
This coves all expenses, board, tuition,'washing, fuel, lights,
&c. Books furnished by the pupils.
References to thefollowing gentlemen rons of the Insti-
Hon. J. M. Clayton, U.S. i
Hon. Arnold Naudain, U. S. Senator
J. J. Milligan, Representative to C tigress.
Rev. J. Decker,
J. Cooper, M. I).
I-Ion. R. Black, f Superior Court.
Kensey Johns, jr.Chancellor.
Dr. Colesberry.
SALEM, (New Jersey.)
Rev. A. Heherton,
J. Vanmeter, M. D.
Col. R. Johnson.
Rev. Ashbel Green, D. D.
Paul Beck, Esq. "
Wtn. Young, Esq.
IH. Niles, Esiq; Editor of the Register.
John Robinson, Esq.
H. B. Pennington, Esq.
jan 3-2aw3m Wilnmington.
F AND EPO)R SALE. -By virtue of the last will and
-A testament of Joshua Jcies, late of Frederick county, de-
ceased, thie subscriber offers at private sale the entire real es-
tate of tliedeceased, consisting of the home farm "Traveller's-
Rest," containing 301 acres. This farm lies on tlie road lead.
ing from Liberty Town to Baltimore, six miles from Liberty
Town and thirty miles from Baltimore, half a mile distant from
Sam's creek,and within ofie mile of Jacob Landis's, Paul Man-
ren's, and Levi Devilbiss' mill. Thei quality of this land.is
equal to any in the neighborhood, and so well arranged that the
stuck may have free access to water from any part of the farm.
About 76 acres are in woodland, of healthy, thriving timber,
and'convenient for every farninig purpose. The buildings con-
sistofa two story brick house, 40 by 30 feet, with six fine
rooms, cellars,&c. The whole is thoroughly finished in a neat,
comfortable manner, and well calculated for a genteel family.
Attached to the dwelling is a comfortable log kitchen. Tihe
barn is built of logs, partly weather-boarded, with two threshing
doors, and stable room for horses, cows, &c. Thern is a finer
apple and peach orchard, and a variety of fruit; also, a well of
excellent water at the door. The neighborhood is healthy, and
moral and respectable in every point of view.
Also, a tract of land of 30 acres, adjoining the lands of Cas-
par and Thomas Devilbiss, and half a mile distant from Jacob
Landis's mill ; part of this tract is- fine meadow land, and the
balance under cultivation. The improvements consist of a
comfortable log dwelling and stable, with a never failing spring
at the door.
Also, a tract of 67j acres, adjoining the lands of Dr. J. L.
Warfield and Thomas WAorthington ; 20 acres of which are
cleared, and the balance in fine thrifty woodland, part of which
is yonng growing chestnut.
It is deemed unnecessary to say more of these tracts of land,
us persons wishing to purchase can view the premises by calling
on the familyat the home place, and for the terms, which are
moderate, on the subscriber, residing in Union Town, Freder-
ick county, Md. JOSIIUA J6NES, Acting Executor.
an 14-lawts
K ENTUCKY LAND AGENCY.-The undersign-.
ed having succeeded to the office of Surveyor of Military
Lands in the State of Kentucky, west of the Tennessee river,
has facilities for superintending those lands as Agent for distant
proprietors, aund lie tenders his services to pay taxes, to sell, or
to do any other act in regard to those lands, which their owners
may wish performed. He states, for ties information of those
at a distance, that speculators are endeavoring to appropriate
those lands to themselves, in virtue of Kentucky land warrants,
and that there is a necessity of attending immediately to the
military claims. Letters addressed to him (postage paid) at
Columbus, Hickman county, Kentucky, will receive attention.
STATIONERY.-F. TAYLOR has just received (in ad-
-dition to his former large supply of very superior Station-
er ,
40 gross English Metallic Pens, warranted of superiorquality,
and selected with that object, withoutregard toprice, beingPer
ry s, Heely's, Gillot's, arind Windle's celebrated Pensofvarious
descriptions ; also several new kinds that have not been seen in
Terry's London Writing Ink, Black, Red, and Japan.
French Writing Ink, Red and Black, London Ink Powder.
Also on hand 4 varieties Red and Black Ink of the best Amne-
rican manufacture.
English and Holland Quills, number 60, 70, and 80, Yellow,
White, and Opaque.
Brookrman and Langdon's London Drawing Pencils, warrant-
'd genuine. ,
Also nI hand Jackson's, Monroe's and Cohen's American
manufactured Pencils of every number and letter.
English and French Wafers, English, Irish, and Vienna Seal-
ng W ax. .
Also on hand several varieties ofthe best American Wax.' 4
English Pounce, German Red Tape, French Silk Taste, In-
lia Rubber, (London patent.)
English Letter Paper, Blue andt White, Luid and Wove, Plain
English and French Note Paper. .
Foolscap and Letter Paper on hand from the manufactories of
Butler, Hudson, Donaldson, Gilpin, Ancs, and others.
*** Public officers anti others may depend on having the ,,
bove articles supplied at as low prices havingg regard to the
|nality) as they can be procured anywhere in the United States.
he subscriber also offers, with the same guaranty, a large"
tock of Stationery, and Stationery Articles, (not enumerated
above ) of American as well as foreign mneanufacture, the quality
nd finish of which has been looked into with the greatest care
nd attention.
mar 20 F. TAYLOR.

-*-S *. .^ .. ", >*




Notwithstanding the principles of the majority as illus-
trated by thile foregoing resolutions and votes, as toI sPEci-
rfic and definite investigation, the very first question pro-
pounded- by them, in committee was so vague and indefi-
ite, so intangible and abstract, that one of the most intel-
irent and.respectable witnesses first called, tlhc Hon. James
Palrker, of New Jersey, who did know of a specific act of
he worst corruption and abuse in one or the other, or both
he President and Secretary of the Treasury, could not an-
wer it onil account of its general form.
(" First question by Mr. Mann to Mr. Parker:
"Do you, ofyour own knowledge, know of any act bIv either
fthe heads o! tile Executive Departments which is either cor-
upt or a violation oftheir official duties ?
"Mr. Parker presented the following objcclions to answering:
I do not understand this quest n sufficiently to enable mie
answer it in this general form. I came liere by order of the
oummilttec, neither as accusernor to accuse ; and I consider iny-
elf boun I to answer questions on those points only to which my
attention is directed by the committee.
"Mr. Pearce moved that thie objection of Mr. Parker to an-
'werinog Ihe question be overruled, and that Ire be required to
answer tihe same.
-"Mr. Miann, upon the suggestion of Mr. Wise, withdrew Ihis
question, to enable Mr. WYise to examine Mr. Pa. ker as to tihe
pecifricacts; and Mr. 'earee accordingly withdrew Iris motionn"
But that question was repeatedly put to other witnesses
itih the obnoxious view of proving NEo.IrnvELY a general
ood character of the Administration, or of making certain
witnesses purge themselves of certain charges against that
haractcr. Mot only was this, general question propound-
.d, but when Messrs. White, Pcyton, and Pickens were
,ailed, Mr. Mann stated tire reasons in writing for calling
.hem-his specifications of reasons were :
1. That tire purpose for which ie has desired the honorable
witnesses, named in the said resolution, to be sworn is, to prose-
ute the inquiries di-ected by the resolution of thie I'House of
representatives ofthe 17th of January instant.
2. Thie matters to which they are expected to testily are,
cts, ifany ihey know respectively, of their own knowledge,
whichh will show a wilfil violation ol the duties of the heads of
e respective Executive Departmentsn f the Government of
te United States, or tire subordinate officers connected with
.eil Departments, or either of them.
"3. The 'charges against theE xecrtive Departmnrts,' which
is expected they will sustain by facts within their own know-
dge, are corrupt violations of official duties.
"Tihe question being stared, whetl;er, in the foregoing speci-
cations, Mr. Mann has complied with the requisition o'f the re-
.ii;... .. :.. i:. the samne and whether tire witnesses pre-
r h :, ill -..? "',I ; those who voted infi tle allirmative were :
Ayes-Mr. Pearce, Mr. Mann, Mr. Clhaney-3.
Those who voted in tire negative ere :
Nays-Mr. Wi-e, Mr. Muhlenberg, Mr. Campbell, Mr.
arks, Mr. Lincoln-5.
So it was decided that said specification does rnot comply
"ith ihe requisition of tihe re-slutiun.
''" The honorable Francis W. Pickens, a reemrerrofthe House,
minroned as a witness, read to the comiiittee a paper, which
denominated a protest, against his being examined as a wit-
ess ; and which, when ie should be called upon to be sworn,
3 said lie would submit to be placed upon their files.
"tMr. Mlann sulnitled, iun compliance wilthi Ithe requisition of
ie last meeting, for specifieatiors as to the grounds ofsummon-
'g tire witness in attendance, the following, viz.
'ccoud specifications by 11r. ]lMann.
Mr. Mann, in compliance with thie conditions of tihe resolu-
mns of tis committee of thie 2Sth inst. states, in writing, agari:
1. That tie specific purposes for which he lihas desired the
3norable witnesses inained in thie sid resolution to be summon-
1, are to prosecuted tile inquiries specifiedM ad directed by tihe
solution of tile House of Representatires of the 17th January
2. Th' matters to which they are expected to testify are,
Its within their own knowledge, if any they know, severally,
their own knowledge, concerning the condittion of the various
xecutive Departments; lshe ability and integrity with which
ey have been conducted ; the manner in which lthie public busi-
'ss lihas been conducted i n all ofthirem ; the failure of such De-
rtnents to accomplish the objects oftheir creation ; there viola-
n of tihe official duties of thie said Departmseuts respectively.
"3. The charges against thie Executive Departiients, whiichl
is expected they will sustain by facts within their own know-
Ige, are -charges of corrUtipt violations ofnfficial duties, abuses
tihe administration of the public affairs, with which such De-
.rtmerats are charged by law and tire Constitution.
"And the question being, Is the assignment ofreasons for
rnmonring said witnesses sufficient, and in compliance with the
solutions of lire committeeT' it was decided in s le affirmative,
Ayes-Mr. Campbell, Mr. Hannegan, Mr. Mann, Mr. Cia-
!y, and Mr. I\ ise-5. -
Nays-Mr. Mihlleriberg and Mr. Parks- 2.
Such it a specimen of the sPECtIFIC examination of a
ember of the Senate and members of thie House, who had
!en called at the request of the President to purge them-
Ives of all contempt to his Administration 1
When another class of witnesses was called, some from
a Departments, others frorn a great distance, to testify of
ts of corruption and abuse, as notorious in this metropo-.
as the noon-tide sun, acts named and specified before
a coinmittec until reiteration became tiresome, thie nma-
ity became inmore strict and contracted in the inves-
Question by Mr. Wise to Mr..Buck :
1.' I'L Do you know tire amount of patronage of tie War De-
'tment to the press, and the principle upon which printers are
ected to do the public printing; whether they are selected on
.omit of their political opinions?
'" Tis question was objected to by Mr. Parks ; and on the
2stion being put, Shrall thie question be propounded 2 it was
eided in the negative, as follows :
Ayes-Mr. Catripbell, Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Wise-3.
Nays- MAr. Pearce, Mr. Mulilenberg, Mir. Hannegan, Mr.
n, Mr. Parks, Mr. Clianey-6.
Question by Mr. Wise to Mr. Buck :
'15l. Do you know, or are you inftrored, whether any of tire
ds ofDepartments, or any officer or agent thereof; has been,
s now, interested in Indian reservations'?
Answer by Mr. Burck I do nuot know, neither have I been
wrined, that any one of tlte heads of Departments is now, or
r has been, interested in Indian reservations neither do I
)w that any officer oil agent of either Department ias ever
i, or is now, so interested. "
Question by Mr. Wise to Mr. Buck :
16. Do you know, or are you informed, whether any of the
ds of the Executive Departments, or any officer or agent
eof has been interested in the purchase ot public lauds' V
1'his question was objected to by Mr. Parks ; and thie lies-
being put, Shall the interrogatory he propoundedd! it was
ided in thIe affirmative, as follows :
Ayes-Mr. Wise, Mr. Muhlenberg, Mr. Campbell, Mr.Lin-
t, Mr. Hannegan-5.
Nays-Mr. Pearce, Mr.Parks, Mr. Chaney, Mr. Mann-4.
Answer to question 16 by Mr. Buck : I have no knowledge
te facts mentioned in tie above iuterrogatory : neither have
,y information in relation to the same, except such as is de-
d from the newspapers of thIe day.
Question by Mr. Wise to Mr. Buck :
Do you know iupo what principle public officers are ap-
!ted to and lereoved.'froi office, in the "several Executive
,artnents ; whether appointments and removals are not made
guardd to the political opinions of officers ?
This question was objected to by Mr. Pearce ; and on the
ition being-taken, Shall the interrogaitry be propounded 'I it
decided in the negative, as ibllows e
yes-Mr. Campbell, Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Wise-3.
ays-Mr. Pearce, Mr. Muhlenberg, Mr.-Hannegar, Mr.
\to, Mr. Mann, Mr. Clianey--6.
W. J. Duane (late Secretary of the Treasury) appeared as
Mr. Wise submitted the following question to be proposed
idd witness, viz.
1:,. Will y'ou please to state tll that you know respecting the
luct ofthc President of the United States in removing the
ie money from the Bank of thIe United States, in tire year
The question being objected to by Mr. Mann, and tile rues-
stated, Shiall said interrogatory be propounded?, it was de- '
d in tlhe negative, as follows :
Ayes-Mr. Muhlenberg, Mr. Campbell, Mr. Lincoln, Mr.
Nays-Mr.Pearce, Mr.tlanne.gan, Mr.Parkl, Mr.Manrn-4.
Mr. Wise thIen submitted the following question to be pro-
tded to the witness, viz.
2. Do you know whether the Presielent consulted or advi-
fith Reuben M. Whitney or Arms Kendall as to that merta-
,'and wliatiufluence those persons had upon the President
king that step?
Objected to by Mr. Mann ; and the question-being stated,
I said intearogatory be proptnodedt? it was decided in the
tire, as follows :

Ayes-Mr. Campbell, Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Wise-3;
Nays-Mr. Pearce, Mr. Muhllenberg, Mr. HIannegan, Mr.
s, Mr. Mann-5.
VIr- Wise also submitted the following to be propounded to
i. Have yon reason to believe that your official relations to
government were disturbed by the active interference of
Vhiitney and Kendall, or either of them, with the opinions
! President in relation to tlhat measure ?e
)bjected to by Mr. Mftrer; and tie question being stated,
said interrogatory be prolounded? it was decided in the.
doe a hololows :
Lyes-Mr. Campbell, Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Wise-3.
4ays-Mr. Pearce, Mr. launnegan, Mr. Parks, Mr. Mann,

n" Qu,.tion by Mr. Wie lo tMr. WV:dbUnry :
2. Will yonu please firn'ish this committee with a cnpy or
copies of the papers in the Treasury De, artment,.or in your
possession, particularly thie report of Mr. Littlefield, the colrect-
"or, in relation to the removal of David Melvill from ithe office of
weigher and gauger at Newport, Rhode Islard ?
Objected to by Mr. Mann ; and on thIe question beingstated,
Shall said interrogatory be propounded ? it wa decided in tihe
negative, as hollowsr:
Ayes3-Mr. Mahilenberg, Mr. C.nampbell, Mr. Lincoln, Mr.
Nays-Mr. Pearce, Mr. Hannegon, Mr-. Mann, Mr. Parks,
Mr. Chancy--5.
Question ry Mr. Wise to Mr. WWoodbury :.
3. Please state ill thiaT you know in relation to the removal
ofDavid Melvill fi-omin the office of weigher and gaugerat New-
port, Ilthode Island, and the reasons fur said removal.
Objected to by Mr. Mann ; and thie question being stated,
Shall the interrogatory be propounded ? it was decided in trhe
negative, as follows
Ayes--Mr. Campbell, Mr. Lincoln, ;'lr. Wise-3. .
Nays-Mr. Pearce,-Mr. Muhlen'.crg, Mr. IHannegan, Mr.
Parks Mr. Mann, Mr. Chancy-6.
Question by Mr. Wise to Mr. \VWoodbury
.3. Are ithe papers witichi you did not communicate to tine
Senate, because they are connfidential, on ihe files ofthIe Trea-
sury Department ; and was tine report of thei collector, Littl'e-
field, included in tihe number oftpapers considered confidential
Objected to by Mr. Mann ; and on the question, Shall said
interrogatory be propounded ? it was decided in tlre negative, as
follows ;' -
Ayes-Mr. Ciampbhell, Mr. Lincoln, iMr. Wis,-3.
Nays-Mr. Pearce, Mr. Parks, Mr. Mann, MIr.GChaney, iMr.
Mr. Wise proposed thie following question, to be propound-
ed to thie Hron. Aaron Vanderpoel, oftltie House, a witness pre-
sent, via.
1. Did yont inform any melnber or meminibers of thie Hoise of
Representatives that the President. desired ot preferred that
the resoluti(rn, which was adopted on thel 17th of Janiiary, under
which this committee is appointed, should be passed ; and, ifso,
by what authority did you give such information '.
Objected to ITy Mr. Parks; and on the question beingstated,
Shall said interrogatory be propounded 7 it was decided ir tllie
negative, as follows:
Ay-Mr. WVise-I.
"Nays--Mr. Muhlilenberg, Mr.Campbell, Mr. Hannegan, Mir.
Parks, lMr. Lincoln, tMr. Mana, Mr. Clhaney-7.
Mr. Wise proposed thre following question, to be propound-
ed to Mr. Vanderpoel, viz.
2. Did tine President-of the United States .informyou, orlinti-
'mate to you,, or to anry one else in your knowledge, that lie de-
sired that tire resolution of the 17th of January under -which
this committee was appointed, should be passed by'the House .
Si" bjected to by Mr. Maan ; and on-the question beingstated,
Shah said interrogatory bie ,ropounded? it vwas de'ded in the
negative, as fbllows:
Ayes-fMr. Campbell, Mr. Wise-2.
"Nays--Mr. Pearce,t Mr. bMulenberg, iMr. Hannegaa, Mr.
Parks, Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Mann, Mr. Chaney-7.
Honorable James Standtfer, of the House of Representa-
tives, being present, Mr. Vise proposed the following question :
Question by tir. 'Wise to Mr. Standefer:
1. Please state all that you kinow respecting a letter that
was written, some time during the year 1334,1o Benijamin F.Cur-
ry, Ihen acting ais agent of tihe Government, in treating with
the Cherokee Indians, by the President of the United States, re-
spectingyourself; whether said letter was not used publicly, by
said Curry, against your election to Congress; and whether lie
was trot influenced by the President in electioneering against
you as a candidate? andstate thie purport of said letter, as exhi-
bited toyou asnd tocrowds in your district.
Objected to by Mr. Parks, and rejected by the following
Tore :
Ayes-Mr. Campbell, Mr. Wise-2.
Nays-Mr. Pearce, Mr. Park s, Mitr. Lincoln,.Mr. Mann,hMr.
Question by Mr. Lincoln to Mr. Standefer:
2. Did Benjaini F. Curry, an Indian agent, in tine last
congressional canvass in your district, publicly exhibit a letter
which he represented-to be addressed to him by the Presicld'nt
of the United States, to prejudice your claims to favorable consi-
deraltion as a candidate in the election 'i,
Objected to by Mr. Mann, and rejected as follows :
Ayes-Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Wise-2.
Nays-Mr. Parks.-, Mr. Mann Mr. Chancy-3.
Question by iMr. Wise to Mr. Towns :
2. D o You kn ow, of your own knirwledge, or from any of the
officers 6r agents of 'lie Executive branch of this Government,
whether they, or either of them, are now, or have been, inter-
ested personally in purchasing or speculating in the reservations
of Creek or other Indians ; andl, ifecitherfof tIem, who?
"Objected to by Mr. Mann, and rejected by the following
Ay-Mr. Wise-J.
Nays-Mr. Mul.!eiiberg, Mr. Parks, Mri. Mann, Mr. Clia-
"Question by Mr. Wise to Mr. Tnvns-.
3. Do you know, or have you beeu iniflormed by him, swbeth-
er trle Hion. John Porsythi, Secretary of State, is now, or has
been, personally interested in purchasing or speculatling in the
reservations of fl-. i..'.. t.., thelr Indias'.
QObj:ecied to Ia, '. ',,.in., and rejected by the following
"Ayes-Mr. tMuhlenlberg, Mr. Wise-2.
"Nays-Mr. Parks, Mr. Mlann, Mr. Chaney-3.
n Question by Mr. Wise to Mir. Towns.:
"4. Do you know, of your own knowledge, or from informa-
tLion derived from either of them, whether Jolihn -J. Abert, whIilst
agent of tire Gervernment to locate thie. reservations under the
treaty of 1832, with Ihe C(reek Indians, was personally inter-
ested and engaged in purchasing and speculating in said reser-
varionus ; and, if so, whether John F'orsytlh, Secretary of State,
was interested, in like manner, with said Abert, or others ?
Objected to by Mr. Mann, and rejected by the billowing
vote, thie committee being equally divided .
"Ayes-Mrl. Muhilenberg, Mr. Campbell, Mr. Wise-3.
"Nays-Mr. Parks, Mr. Alann, Mr. Chaney-3.
5Questiou by Mr. Mann to Mr. 'Towns :
"5. Do you know, of your own knowledge, or by information
derived from him, whether J. J. Abert, whiilst agent of thie Go-
vernment to locate the reservations under the treaty of 1832,
with the Greek Indians, was personally interested aind engaged
in purchasing such reservations ?
"Answer by Mr. Towns:
"I do not know, of my own knowledge, or front information
derived from J. J. Abert, or any other source, that he was per-
sonally interested and engaged, in purchasing Indian reserva-
tions under the treaty of 1832, with the Creek lndians.
"Question by-Mr. WVise to Mr. Lewis:
"4. Was there not a contract entered into by J. and L. Jo-
seph & Co. of New York, and R. J. Phillips, of Philadelphia,
on the one part, and William D. Lewis and others, on the other
part, early in the month of November, 1S35, or about that time,
to operate in tile purchase of slock in the Morris Canal and
Banking Company, the latter parties agreeing to furnnish fruds
to a large amount; and were not the funds drawn froniom the Gi-
rard Bantik, ind furnished monthlyfrom November to April suc-
ceeding, inclusive ; and was not tine account closed in June,
1836, by paying over to you (William D. Lewis, and others)
your share of the profit; if so, how many thousand dollars ; and
was not Reuben MA. VWhitney, agent of the Gilrerd Bank to trans-
act its business with thie Treasury Department, concerned with
you and others in said speculation and profits?
Objected to by Mr. Pearce, and rejected by time following
vote :
"Ayes-Mr. CampbclI, Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Wise-3.
Nay--Mr. Pearce, Mr. Muhlenberg, Mr. Hannegan, Mr.'
Parks, Mr. Mann, Mir. Cltanrey-6.
Question by Mr. Wise to Mr. Lew's :
"5. Had you not a correspondence with Reuben M. Whit-
ney, in the autnnn of 1835, in relation to a speculation in Mor-
ris Canal and B3anking Company stock, and w:th reference to
Iris procuring a portion of the public revenue to be placed in
said bank for tIre purpose of enhmanting the value of its stbek,
to favor your profits and his; and~lid not Mr. Whitney give you
reason to believe that ha could so procure a portion of the
public revenue fr the purpose aforesaid 2
Objected to by Mr. Mann, and rejected by the following
vote ,
otAyes-lMr. Carmpbell, tir. Lincoln, Mr. WVise-3.
"Nays-Mr. Pearce, Mr. Parks, Mr. Mann, Mr. Hannegan
Noother question was propounded.
"'Question by Mr. Wise to Mr. Hobbibi :
"Do you know, of your knowledge, or fronm the ioinfamation
derived from them, whether any ofiicees or agents of thi rrea-
sury Department, or of any other Execritive Department, since
the 4th of March, 1829, have been interested or concerned in
purchasing or speculating in the public lands? if so, state all
that you know or are inforaoed of, by the officers or agents them-
selves, Os to their purchases arid speculations aforesaid.
"Objected no by Mr. Harnegan, and rejected by the follow-
lng vote:
"Ayes-eMr. Muhlenberg, Mr. Caminbell, Mr. Lincoln, Mr.
"Nays-Mr. Peatnc, tiMr. Hannegan, Mr. Parks, Mr.. Mant ,
t'Il. Chancy-5.
Question by Mr. Wise to Mtl. Hobie :
6. Please state all that you know respecting the removal of
B. H. Wheeler from tine office of postmasler at Providence,
Rhode Islhnd.
Objected to by Mr. Maui, and rejected by the followiuig
vote : .
"Ayvs-tMr. Mnhlenberg, Mr. Lincoln, Mr. -Wise-3.
"Naysti-Ml. Pearce, Me. Csmpbell, Mr. Parks, Mr. Manu,
tleh. Chaney-5.
Question be Alr. Wise to Mr. Ilnbbie :

S y7. Do yutiknow whether ai postmaster in one Of the New
England States did, Or did inot, write to tiePost Office Department
thut It'ho wished to remove some distance, say twVenty or thirty
miles froimn his office, but. wished to retain his office as postmaster,
saying lie would have tlie duties of thel etoffice discharged by a
cleric, and that lie could still assist to re-elect General Jackson ;
and dtid you yourself not writc a letter in' reply, that he was at
libertv to do as lie request-c ini[ ir-- ;. i iiin to do all tie
cou'd to electioneer lor G. .- i i. i ....
Objected to by Mr. Marimt, and rejected as follows:
"Ayes--Mr. Munhlenberg, Mr. Lincolin, Mr. Wise, Mr. Camp-
Nays--Mr. Pearce,tMr. Parks, Mr. Mann, Mr. Chaney-.l.

Queiitioni .y Mi:. Wibie to Mr. Friylh :
"3. Did youi, or not, exert )your influence, personal or official,
witi allny Senator or other person, to have the treaty ratified
with said stimulation a s to tire Golphin claim; or with any per-
son, an officer or agent, or not, of the Government, to have said
stipulation inserted in said treaty'?
Objected to by Mir. Parks, and rejected by thie following
vote; .
Ayes-Mr. Campbell, Mr. Lincoln, iMr. Chancy, Mr. Wise
Nays-iMr. Pearce, Mr. MuhleAnberg, Mr. Parks, Mr.
"Qunestion by Mr. wise to Mr. Forsythi :
4. Did you note whilsit Governor of the State of Georgia, re-
commend the Golphin claim to the favorable consideration of
thie Georgia Legislature'?
Objected to by Mr. Parks, and rejected by tlre following
"Ay-IMr. Wise.
iNays-Mr. .Pearce, Mr. Mndilenberg, Mr. Campbelli, Mr.
Parks, Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Mann, Mr. Chaney-7.
Question by Mr. Wise to Mr. Forsyth :
"6. 1Have you, or not, been directly or indirectly interested
or councerne4 in tie purchase of, and in speculating in, the rer-
servations of Creek or oeiliter Indians, since you have. been in
the office ofSeretasy of Stale?
Objerted to by Mir. Mann, and rejected by tlie following
,ate -
Ayes-tMr. Mti'irenberg, Mr. Lincroln, Mr. WVise-3.
"Nays-Mr. Pearce, Mri. Campbell, iMr. Parks, Mr. Mann,
Mr. Cianey-5.
Question by-Mr. Wise to iMr. Pearce :
SWill you pleas- o stale all that you know respecting tihe
causes, reasons, and influences, whiich were brought to bear, or
operai'ted on the collector, Mr. Litlefield, at Newport, Rhode
Island: or upon the Secretary of thie Treasurye in removing
David iMelv ill,t a weigher and ganger under said collector, from
the said oaliee of weigher and ganger ?
S iObjected to by lMr. Parks, and rejected as fillovs, Mir.
Pearcr being excused from voting :
"Ayes-Mr. Campabell, Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Wise-3.
"Nays-Mr. Mulllenberg, Mr. Parks, Mr. Mann, iMr. Cha-
Question by Mr. Wise to Mr.KendaH :
"2. Do you. 6now whether tIhe President of ithe United States"
dild or did not communicate to you and ioRenben M. Whitney
his intention to remove the deposits befoIre he advised with the
Secretary of the Treasury ; and whether lie did not approve of
R. AI. Whitney as contemplated agent t of the dteposte banks to
be selected before their selection ?
"Objected to by Mr. Maun, and rejected as follows,:
Ayes-Mr. Camrpbell, iMr. Wise-2.
"Nays-Mr. Pearce, Mir. Muhlenberg, Mr. Parks, Mr. Mann,
Mr. Chaney-5.
Question by Mr. Wise to Mr. Kendlall:
"4. Please state to this committee all you know .--"' :
the formation of i] club called the Hickory Club, c "-" i.
officers of thie Governmentt in this city ; state its organization,
its design, and its means of operation ; whether its members
were officers and agents of rime Executive Depattric nts ; by
v% hom it was organized ; whether its design was to influence
thie elections of tine People ; 'and whether its means were de-
rived, or not, in part from tie salaries of Executive officers?
Objected to by lMr. Parks, and rejected as follows:
"Ayes-Mr. Campbell, iMr. Wise-2.
p,: Nays-Mr. Pearce, lAr. Muhlenberg, irl. Hannegami, Mr.
Ptrks, Mr. Lincoln, Mir. Mann, Mire. Chaney-7.
Question by irl. W-ise to Mr. Kendall:
i"Do you know whether any officers or agents of the Execu-
tive Departments trave ever formed political combinations to
control the elections of thie People, and to influence the public
Objected to by Mr. Miann, and adopted as follows:
Ayes-.-Mr. Pearce, Mr. Muhlenberg, Mri. Campbell, Mr.
Lincoln, Mr. Wise-5.
Nays-AMr. Hannegan, IMr. Parks, Mr. Mann, Mr. ChIa-
"Answer by iMr. Kendall
"I have no knowledge-of any combinations of public officers
for thIe objects stated in tihe lustion, nol; of any combinations of
which public officers fin ruedt part, hfr tany other purpose than
to promote objects of a general character, by discussion of prin-
ciples, without regard to men.
"Question by AMr. Vise in tMr. Kendlil :
6. Will you please to state what combinations you know of
to promote objects of a general character, of whiichi public offi-
cers formed a part; the character of those combinations; whe-
ther. they were political or not ; whether favorable or not to this
Administration, and to thie election of Marltin Van Buren to the
Presidency; and whether they aimed a procure tie Govern-
ment patronage for i.. ;, i.' ? 1t
Objected to by 1Mi-v r 1 and rejected as follows:
Ayes-AMr. Campbell, Mr. Lincoln,i Mr. Wise-3.
Nays-Mri. Mufleriberg, iMr. Hannqgan, Mr. Parks, :'Mr.
Mann, Mr. Chaney-5.
Question by Mr. Wise to tMr. Kendall:
8. Will you please look upon the paper handed you, and
state what you know respecting tihe facts therein spoken of?
"ThIe paper alluded to is in the following words, viz.
o",Sory of the Indian reservations.
"Somte years ago, certain tracts of land, situated principally
or wholly in the State of Mississippi, were reserved 'by Con-
grcss (or by Indian treaty, to which Congress assentcd),lfor Ithe
use of tlihe Indians, and to be disposed of by then, and for their
benefit, whenever the President of thIe .United States should
give his assent to such sale and transfer, (not otherwise.) These
lands were known to be very valuable, and the poor Indians
could be easily enough managed ; perhaps they hIad, or were
about to leave the, east fr thie west side of the Nississippi river;
but how to obtain thie assent of tihe President to so large a Esale
of Indian lands to a company of'speculators, seemed a more dif-
ficult matter. A company was formed in Boston two or three
years ago, with, it. is believed, a capital of $300,000, to try to
effect this object. Amos Binney, Esq. was a leading man in
the company ; and it is believed that Brodhead, navy agent in
Boston, was another; and various otherindividuals had a greater
or less interest in it; but what didn, nas is believed, obtain the
President's assent to tile sale and transfer, was the admission of
Amos Kendall, at present Postmaster General, intothe concern;
he to have one-third part of the profits of the speculation when
it shall be closed up, without, in Fact, paying one dollar of the
consideration, although lie may appear to have paid his part as
well as all the others. Yet ithe agreement of the other pa tners
with Mr. Kendall was, that they would furnish thie money to
pay his one-third part of the consideration, free from interest,
provided he (Kendall) would oblain the. assent of the President
to tihe sale, and would, ushen requested so to do by the other
partners, go to the lands and transact such matters and things
relating to their common interest as the company might deem
expedient. The mindss were purchased by the company; there-
fore, we atire to infer that Mr. Kendall did obtain the President's
assent to the sale ; but Mr. Kendall wias not, and probably will
not, be Called oni for any further 'services. Those interested in
the purchase, speak confidently oftheir expectation of realizing,
at tihe end of tihe sales, three or finir dollars for every one inves-
ted. The People of the United States, by this transaction, have
not been defrauded or overreached ; but the interest of the In-
dians in those reservations his probably been obtained by this
company lfr less than half its market value. How far the Pre-
sident should guard thle interest of the. Indians, is for him and
Congress to determine; possibly it may have some connexion
with Ihis oath ofoffice. But if tihe interests of thie Indians must
or may be sacrificed, shall it be done fbr thie benefit of a few
favorites, and at the sole suggestion of oneo individual, himself
moree deeply interested than tiny other l February 9, 1837.
Objected to by Mr. Mann, and rejected as fellows :
"Ayes-Mr. Campbell, Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Wise-3.
Nays-Mr. Hannoegan, Mir. Muhlcnberg, Mr. Pearce, Mr.
Parks, Mr. Mann, Mr. Chianey-6.
Question by Mr. Wise to Mr. Kendtall;
Have you, or not, since you have been Fourth Auditor and
Postmaster, General, or since you bave been an Executive olli-
cer of this Goveruanent, beer editor, proprietor, or part otnmr,
or publisher, joint or sole, of a newspaper called the Globe, or
other newspaper published in- this District, or in the-United
States? If so, state whether you have or have not written edi-
torial articles for the same ; and whether you have had or ex.-
cised a control or riot over its general course in politics.
Objected to by Mr. Hanaegan, mnd rejected as follows :
"Ayes-Mr. Campbell, Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Wise-3.
"Nays--Mr. Muhlenberg, Mr. Haunegan, Mr. Parks, Mr.
Mannn, Mr. Chaney- 5.
No further questions were proptonded to the witness.
Question by Mr. Wise to Mr. Ilittlfield :
1. Please state to inis committee all that yon kiow respect-
ing thIe cordndut of David Mtlvill, whilst in tine office of weigh-
er amid gauger, at Newport, Rhode Island, and respecting his
removal from thiat office, and the action of tIme Secretary of thIe
Treasury thereon.
Objected to by Mr. Pearce, and rejected by tIne following
vote ;
Ayes--Mr. Mnhlenberg, Mr. 'iWise-2.
"Nays--Mr. Pearce, Mr. Parks, Mr. Manu-n3.
Question- by Mr. ',Wise to Mr. ]Ienshaw :
" 1. Is Amos Kendall mow, me tims lie been sincee InhasIbeen
an Executive officer, a member of any company for the purchase
of the public lards? If so, state what company, and tlie extent
of his interest.
Objected to by AIr. tibent, and rejected :
Ayes-Mr. Gampbell, Mr. Lincora Mr. Wise-B3.
Nays-tMr. Pearce, Mr. Marne, Mr. Chaney'-3.
'" Question by Mr. Wise to Mr. Henshraw :
"2. Did thie said Amos Kendall apply to become a member
of said company, or was he applied to by said company, or any
of its members, to become a arlenuber?
Ohujeeted to try Mr. Pearce, and rejected :
"Ayes-Mr. Caropbeall, tie. Lincoln, Mr. Wise-3.
Nays-tMr. Pearce, Mr. Mann,, Mr. Chancy--3.
Question try Mr. Wise to Mr. Henslhaw :
"3. Did time said Amos Kendall make iny advance to the

capital stock of said company' And, if so, in what manner was
the sum procurcd and advanced ?
SOljeeted to by Mr. Manrn, and rejected:
Ayes-Mr. Campbell, Mr. Lincoln, Mr. t Vise-3.
Nays-Mr. Pearce, Mr. Mann, Mr. Chancy-3.
i Question by MrI. Wiss to Mr. Ilenthaw :
"4. What adVeilntage or benefit was contrinpulted from the
said Amos Kendall hos..in,. *.icnsie)meoer of said coitpany '
Olbjelcd to by '. I'. and rejected:
Ayes-Mi-. Cinmpbell, Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Wise--3.
: Nays-Mr. Pearce, Mr. Mann Mr. Chaney-3.

Question by Mr. "Wite to Mr. Hitnrlaw :
"5. Did said Amos Kendall at any time, and, if so, wheiu, ap-
ply to be released from said company ? Anid, ifeso, what reasons
did Ihe-assign therefor? .
Objected to by Mr. Mlann, and rejected :
"Ayes-Mr. Campbell, Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Wise-3.
Nays-Mr. Pearce, Mr. Marn, Mr. Chaney-3.
"Question by Mr. Wise to Mr. Henshaw :
"9. Have you any information ofpersons interested witih Mr.
Kendall in tire profits of buying arid selling public lands ? If so,
state what.
Answer bIy Mr. Ienshaw :v
I ihave no information of any persons interested, att this time,
within Mr. Keudali in tihe profits of buying and selling public
Question by Mr. Wise to Mr. lensihaw :
10. Have you any information of persons who have been in-
terested with Mr. Kendall, since he has been an Executive ofli-
cer, in tile profits of buying and selling public lands? Ifso, state
Objected to by Mr. Parks, arid rejected as follows :
"Ayes-Mr. Muhlenberg; Mr. Wice-2.
"Navs-Mr. Hannegan, Mr. Parks, Mr. Mann, Mr. Cha-
In this exhibit of catechism we see neither cpnuistency,
nor propriety, nor liberality, nor fairness, in propounding
or rejecting interrogatorics. Some questions are propound-
ed to some witnesses, which, in substance the sarne, are
rejected as to others. Subjects of inquiry of thie deepest
interest to tho Public were peremptorily excluded from in-
vestigation. Mr. Woodbury, for example, was not per-
mitted to respond as to thie removal of David Melvill, or
to explain why it was that hie could communicate one pa-
per and withhold another from Congress, touching the
same matter, because done was confidential, the other not.
Mr. Duane had been called before one committee of inves-
tigation, and an answer had been returned to him there,
because it acas too full for the limited resolution under
which that cormmittce was appointed; hlie was called before
this committee to testify as to the grossest abuses on the
part of the President in recognizing arid consulting with
unknown and irresponsible private persons, of doubtful
character, to the exclusion of those who were Iis regular
cabinet ,counsellors and constitutional advisers, and the
majority would not permit him to testify at all, BECAUSE tHE
derpoel, of New York, was called to testify whether hle had
not, as was known to a member of the committee, repre-
SPECtFIC CHARGES, which was offered by the gentleman
from Rhode Island ; and to testify, also, as to what autho-
rity he had for making this representation to members ; aind
the majority refused to hear himn. Mr. Standefer was call-
ed, as stated to the committee, to prove that the President
of the United States had written letters to Benjamin F.
Curry, an Indian Agent, which letters were used, arid in-
tended to be used, by that subordinate executive officer,
publicly, against the election to Congress of Mr. Stande-
ler; that triese letters were read publicly by this agent to
crowds of the people in Mr. Standefer's district, in Ten-
nessee; that there was strong circumstantial evidence to
prove that this was done with the knowledge and approba-
tion of the President; and yet the majority would not ex-
amine this witness, because the conduct of the Presidentrcas
not involved in the inquiry under lthc resolution, asit was al-
leged he was not an officer or7 agent of the Executive De-
And the witness, Littlefield, was sent for hundreds of
miles for tile known object of telling all hlie knew in rela-
tion to the removal of Davidl Melvill, at considerable ex-
pense and trouble; and when he arrived ho was permitted
to testify only as to some stale charges against that in-
jured man, supported only by ex part proof, taken with-
out notice to him, and trumped up long since Ilis removal
for the obvious purpose of punishing him for daring'to
complain of wrongs already inflicted. Although there are
highly penal laws of the United States against any class
of executive officers being concerned in trade, or in the
purchase qf public lands, or other public property, (see
Gordon's Digest, page 30,) and althougis the charge was
made that officers prohibited by law from thus trading and
purchasing public lands, and other public property, were,
anrid had been, constantly speculating on their official influ-
encc; and although'there is the most obvious impropriety
and incompatibility in any head of any department being
thus tempted and tempting in his .place, yet thie subjects of
dealing and speculating int Indian reservations, wherein
there is much foul fraud daily practised on tribes of unpro-
tected savages, whom thie United States arc bound to pro-
tect, and on this Govern ment itself, and whence have, no
doubt, sprung such disastrous wars;i and of dealing and
speculating in public lands, whence, it is supposed, has
been generated so much corruption arid bribery aniong the
officers of the Government of every description, antid pri-
vate citizens of all classes, wrve sealed subjects in this
The majority, too, it is proper to state, showed as little
INDUSTRY as zeal in prosecuting the investigations of tIhe
committee. They generally voted to adjourn to the latest
day ; they could not be got to meet more than once a day:
a resolution was passed to meet at 10 o'clock A. M. and 7
P. M.; one night session was held on the 16th "February,
another attempted on the 7th; but two members (Mr.
LINCOLN and Mr. WisE) attended, and the resolution to
meet twice in twenty-four hours was repealed before it
operated twice; Such has been, in general, the course of
-the committee. Such wpas to have been expected to be its
course from tile moment of its appointment. "Six friends
of the Executive to three of the Opposition were placed
upon it by the Speaker, who is supposed to owe his elec-
tion to the influence of the President over a HIouso where
there is anrt overwhelming majority in favor of the Admin-
istration ; and ofthese six, several were known, by their
speeches on the floor, to-be utterly opposed to the resolu-
tion under which the committee was appointed, and to the
investigation which that resolution instituted.
But the appointments and labors of the committee have
not been in vain. Though their inquiry has had to con-
tend with the power and popularity of the President-with
thIe majority which his name and influence held in the
House-with his official machinery there-with thie com-
mittee created to smother its efforts-with all unprecedent-
ed resistance to its powers by tire Departments-with one
ofthe worst evils of the times, that gag-law with which
patronage rules the silence of the best witnesses-with the
heaviest masses and burdens of papers, with which- any
bureau usually covers up calls for information, and baffles
all altcmpts at analysis or synopsis, except when at partial
concealment or a labored self-acquittal is meant-wilh
shortness of time, six weeks, in which to examine tihe
most momentous and voluminous subjects, the witnesses
scattered hundreds and thousands of miles over the United
States, during the winter season-and though the House
discharged from attendance the main witness of all, as to
one of thie most serious charges against a Department, and
tlihe committee lihas since refused to cause him (R. M.
Whitney) to be summoned under a resolution stating the
strongest special reason for taking his testimony, (see
journal, page -,) yet, in spite of every obstacle, the inves-
tigation has-developed many and important facts which it
becomes cvcry'man in tlIe nation to know.
It is the duty of the undersigned, also, to present the
facts of another transaction, which involves thIe conduct of
the Secretary of State. Reference iJ made to the fiacts
simply, without comment or the expression of an opi-
uion. A treaty, or pretended treaty, was concluded at
New Echota, Georgia. on the 39th day of December, 1835,
by Gen. William Carroll and John F. Scherrmerbmorn, on
the part of the United States, and the chiefs, headmen,
and people, as was said, of the Cherokce tribe of Indians.
Whilst the commissioners of the United States were act-
ing, application was made to them to insert an article in
that treaty binding this Government to pay a claim, com-
- only called thac OLPHIN CtrAI. A synopsis of that claim
is herewith presented in the form of the following letter to
thei commissioners:
"Hon. Wtm.Carroll and the Ieon. John F. Sdcermerhorn:
"GENTLEMEN: Thie Cherokee Indians having, in a late
treaty c'omnluded by you as courmissioners of the United States
appointed for that purpose, expressed their wish that certain
traders might be paid lislir just debts, whiichl were stipulated to
be paid by the treaty of 1773, I have taker tIre liberty of laying
before your a short history of then, being mooe loll titan here-
tofore communicated to you.
FProm the year 1761, till the date of tine treaty, in 17-63,
these traders lind finished the ordinary supplies to tIre In-
dians, on thie fhith und credit of the Creek and Cherokee ua-
tions ; that, being in great distress and poverty, tire Indians
impltt ed the British crown to accept of a cessiou of their land,
(now Wilkes county, in tinc State of Georgia,) to the end that
their trader"- ni _- t be pad Idmbeir debts, and enabled to furnish
Ihem (the I.'.I.,. ,1 with goods as usual. Aecordir gld r iu De-
cember, 1772, the Colonial Governor of Georgia was in-

structed to hold a treaty in compliance with ice wishes of
the Indians, by which instructions it appirsat lhat thi British
crown IWas not to be pledged, ol any account, fIr the payment
of those debts, but lthat ihe lia ds intended to be ceded were
to ble sold, and the proceeds aipptlied, in tlie first place, to the
extlguInishnietnt of those debts, and the surplus appropriated to
thie defence of thio colony.
"l The treaty wasi niadc in 1773, and contains but a single ob.-
ligation on tfihc part of the British Government, which was Tihe
payment of thie debts due to thie Indilun traders lni 1m tie sale of
thie ceded lands.

At the date of the treaty, tile Indian traders not only releas- tihe subject with Mr. Preston, of South Carolina, Mr. Brown, a
ed tire British Government,m but also the Indians, from all liabili- North Carolina, and Messrs. King and Cuthbert, of Georgia,
ty on account of the debts of the latter, and perhaps with others ; but to noone without a distinct uaru-
Thie Colonial Gnovemrnment of Georgia, acting in obedience ing that I spoke in the character of counsel for the parties, hav-
to instructions, appointed a commission to execute the treaty, by ing a contingent interest. My appeals to them were founded
selling tihe lands comprehended in the treaty, and ascertaining solely on time justice of thIe claim, and the hardship of the condi-
the amount that was respectively due to thie Indian traders when L tion of the claimants."
thie war of thie Revolution broke mut. The following communication was received and read :
"Before, however, this eventhappened, on the 2d May, 1775, ;" jA r 0o February 14, 1837;
George Golphin, who was an Indian trader, and held by as- SIaR: I ask leave of the committee to correct an error in my
signment the plains of other Indian traders, obtained a liquids- I statement relative to thIe amount of the Golphin claim. By re-
tion of his claims to the amount of.9,791 I5s. 5d. of thie cur- Perring to document No.83, of the Senate, you will find a copy
rency of thie then province ef Georgia ; which sum was again of the certificate; and the amount is 9,791 15s. Sd., and not
guarantied to be p according to the stipulation of tie treaty. 9,000, as I had supposed yesterday.
TiThe effectofthe. revolutionary war swas to place beyond thie 'I am, sir, your obedient servant,
power of- tie Britishi Government thIe perbfrmance of the treaty "JOHN FORSYTH.
by the means therein specified. lButa part of these traders, whoi Hon. HENRY A. 'WISE,
were loyal to thie erown during that contest, were afterwards /Chair'man ofthe Commnittee, 4-c. cf-'c."
paid by the British Government, notwithstanding the release
heretofore refl'erred to. Afterwards, John Ross, the principal chief of the Che-
Pending the negotiation at Paris, in 1783, a memorial teas rokec nation, was called, and testified as follows:
laid before the Amernican commissioners, in behalf of certain AMr. Wise to Mr. Ross:
merchants trading to South Carolina and Georgia, asking farin- '1. Please state asl that you kaow respecting the means
demrnification fior debts due to thiemu from ithe Creek and Clero- which were employed, or tie influence exerted ty any Oicer
kee Indians, for the payment of which a tract of land was ceded or a e E e >r e D nlene y n ip i
or agent of the Executive De'partnents, to have the stipulalion
In Georgia in 1i773. respecting the'Golphin dlaim, commonly so called, inserted in
As the American commissioners had no authority to admit the last treaty with the Clherokiee natio; and to ohaltain your as-
or deny thIe justice of thie claims, they were transmitted to Con- sent to the sami, after it was inserted, as a chief of that nation
greess. or e ie.
"'It is believed that Congress never acted on this subject ; "2.i ereyo ffeed reard, bribe, oraluable consider-
or, if it did, suhl action was adversely to the claims of the me- ationofan kind-if so, what -by y offic or agent of either
morialists ; for we find that, in July, 1768, an act of Ithe Bri- ofny the Exective Departmenti, or by any personie or;: agent of eticer
tish Parliament was passed creating a commission to inquire orae the Eectif eptments, or by any peron fo : eany officer
into the claims of sufferers by the cession of Georgia to trIe oe agent thereof if by any oner, uhon .-to obtain youre assent,
Americans. that of any other ihadman or chief of your nation, to said
Ameridtanos.tGolpint claim, or to said treaty, in whlicr it was insertedoi
And iu 1790, the sum of .749,536, with, interest at the rate 3.Will you please state. all that you know respecting the
of four per centum, was appropriated for the payment of claims .ondc 'ite yo p P oesecraer all tia you knot' espengs tohe
on la.rids in Georgia ceded to lle Americans. ducdt oftire 'arious officers, agents, superintendents, or other
on ands in Geogia ceded to ira Anterian. s persons employed or paid by the Government to superintend
Under the expectation of being indemnified by these acts and negotiate its affairs with the Cherokees. from rime year 1828
of Parliament, tihe representative of George Golphin employed u1p to tie present period ?
Charles Goodwin, Esq. a distinguished lawyer of South Caro-
lina, now deceased, to go to London and receive the amount of "Answer ofSir. John Ross, Indian Chief.
his ancestor's just debt, under these acts of Parliament. The WASHINGn oNo CaTY, FnB. 25, 1837.
mission of Mr. Goodwin resulted in a failure, not on account of S Sin In reply to the first question propounded to me ly the
the justice of the debts of Golphin, but the obnoxiousness ofhis honorable committee, I have thn e honor to state that I know of
conduct during thie revohtfionary struggle, none of the means which were. employed, or of the influence
On this side of the Atlantic, thie exertions of those interest- exerted, by any of tire officers or agentsof the Executive De-
,cd in these claims have been equally unsuccessful. It did partments, to have thie stipulation respecting thIe Golphin claim
seem equitable that .when Georgia had acquired jurisdiction (so called) inserted in the (alleged) Chrerokee treaty. 'That in-
over the ceded territory in question, she ought to have paid these strument was negotiated and entered into with certain ounn-
debts. Acting, probably, under this conviction, this State, in theorized individuals of the Cherokee nation, ata time when I
1780, passed ama act requiring such Indian traders who were 'ias in this city sitha a delegation who were duly authorized
friendly to the independence of the colonies, cnd hml claims on amid empowered try said nation to negotiate a treaty sith the
the Indians, for the payment of which the county of WVilkes was United States Government. Aftdr the arrival of Joh n F. Scher-
ceded, that they lay them before the then, or some future Le- muerhorn, the cennmissionser of the United States, in this city,
gislature ; and whatever was found to be due was to be paid in rand of several of the Cherokee individuals who had entered
Treasury certificates, payable in two, three, and four-years, into the aforesaid instrument, tumd nwhoead comen for the pur-
bearing interest at six per centutn. pose of getting their proceedings ratified by the Goverenment,
"Holding forth, as this act did, a pledge that this debt ofGol- the duly authorized delegation, of whihl I teas a member, re-
phin, and all such like, would be paid, his representatives liave ceived front there Ciherokee people, thi ough the h ands ofeerta il
agsin and again petitionend tine legislarenre of Georgia The special messengers, their protest against the ratification of the
uniform course of that Legislhturemhas been to receive the peth- pretended treaty aforesaid, and which was comnnicated to
tions, raise a committee, whso report favorably, and then lay. it tile War Department for the information of tiea President. At
on the table for the balance' of the session. None ever ques- tine same time, the delegation stated their readiness to negotiate
tinned the justice of the debt, or the firm and devoted attach- swith the Government for m treaty, by which the Cherokee diffi-
meat of George Golphin to the liberties of hIis country, cuties might be satisfactorily and honorably adjusted. A reply
However unfaithfully the State of Georgia may seem to have was returned through the Comrnissioner of Indian Affairs, ery-
acted on this subject, her conduct will he probably justified by ing to us, (tile delegation,) You will distinctly understand that
these considerations; lshe did not, by her own individual act, you will not be recognise,I by the.Department as members of
defeat there fulfilnment of thie treaty of 1773,but that it was defeat- s delegation, unless you will unite ith those who had conic o
ad by the act of the United States, as it was a war of all the with the treaty, and sign the same, and o-operate wi ththem to
States united. effect its ratification.'
"And more especially that, as the State of Georgia, as arly r "To the second question I have tIhe honor to state that no
us 1783, had set aparl lfor thle soldiery and other troops this reward, brile, or valuable eonsideatiou of any kind, has been
same territory of Wilkes county, (being then her only valuable offered me, by any officer or agent of either of the Executive
and uulocated lands to which the Indian title wias then extin- Departments, or mby any person, for anry officer or agent thereof,
guished,) for the purpose of fulfilling her engagements to tthe to obtain my assent, or thtat ofany other headman or chiufofmy
contineutul troops. nation, to said Golplmin elaim, or to said instrument in which it
That afterwards, in 1784, when her territory was enlarged was inserted.
by the addition of two othlier counties, a large section ofherafer- From the nature of the oath which hlas been adnmtinistered
tile lands -was reserved, for the space of 'twelve months, 'for, t nme, and tire generality of the questions propounded, I feel
the officer's, seanen, and soldiers who were entitled to landis bound futlher to state, as concisely and substantially as my mre-
in that State by asy resoloe of Congress, or act or resolve of m'ory will permit, such facts known to tme as I believe have any
that State.' bearing upon those questions.- Some timelduring the session of
S" That, still finding the bounties promnisedl to thie continental the Congress of 1832-'33 I was called rupon in ny room at
soldiers could not be located by reason of the smallness of Ithe Brown's hotel, on one Sunday'morning, by a person who intro-
territory above referred to, Georgia afterwards, min 1785, declar- duced himself as a Mr. Hunter, door-keeper of the House of
ed that another portion of her soil should be deemed a reserve Representatives, and who inquired if I was acquainted with
fur the space of twelve months, 'to make good her engagements Mr. Barney McKinny, of Augusta, Georgia. I replied in ti e
to the continental soldiery, and seamen, and officers ofthre me-. affirmative. He then asked if I knew any thing about lthe Gol-
dical departmentt' pbin claim? I replied that Mr. MeKinny, to whom he had just
"ThIns we find tlat, before the termination of the revolution alluded, had once been at rmy house in the Cherokee nation,
ary war, the State of Georgia had actually bestowed, as a re- and was accompanied by Colonel Andrew Erwsin ; that said
source of carrying on that war, on thie continental soldiery, by McKinny had laid before ime certain papers in reference to that
way of bounty, this same territory, which had been pledged, by claim ; that lie considered the claim to be a good one against
thie Colonial Government, for the payment of debts due to tire the State of Georgia; and that he had proffered to lease the
Indian traders ; and, still finding her engagemuents to that sol- Cherokee gold mines, and to pay the nation in thatclaim ; that
diery unfulfilled she continued to grant-bounties out other soil. my reply was, that I lhad no authority to dispose of the gold
In this aspect of tie case, it does appel that, whatever liabili- mines in any manner, nor did I know whether the general
ty appears to rest, in tile first place, on tile State of Georgia, council oftihe nation would be disposed to rent them out; and
that liability really and equitably rests upon the United States. if the council would inake a lease of thenm, I was sure that it -
More than half a century has" been passed in earnest and would not agree toacceptofthat claim in payment, howevergood
finuitless negotiation with every power capable of doing justice it may be against Georgia ; because, if that State had proved
to these claims. The Indians, in the last resort, have been ap- herself faithless towards the just rights of her own citizens, by
plied to; they have only heard the simple history of these withholding payment to that claim, the Cherokees could have
claims, and acknowledged thie moral obligation that they ought no confidence that she would be more faithful towards them in
to be paid; that, as a matter of future security, and to avoid, paying it, when transferred to them. tMr. Hunter remarked
hencoeforth, all importunity on this subject, when about crossing that he haind acted as an agent for'the proprietors of that claim,
the Mississippi, and abandoning the lands of their fathers, they in trying to have it recognized and paid, and that he mad spent
desire that their fathers' debts may be paid. a good deal of money on that business ; so Ire was interested in
"MILLEDGE GOLPHIN, said claim. That he had heard it was probable that the Chero-
SOne of the heirs of George Golphin." kee delegation, then in the city. won-d nterit r ,;nt in t to,

An article was inserted (the 20th) embracing the claim,
to wit:
"Art. 20. The United States do also hereby guaranty the
payment of all unpaid just claims upon the Indians, without ex-
pense to them, out of the proper funds of the United States, fir
the settlement of which a session or cessions of land hias 6r
have been heretofore made by the Indians in Georgia : Provi-
ded, Tihe United States, or the State of Georgia, has derived
benefit from thie said cession or cessions of land, without having
.made payment to tie Indians therefore. It isI hereby, however,
further agreed and understood, that if the Senate of the United
States disapprove of this article, it may be rejected, without im-
pairing any other provision of this treaty, or affecting tIhe In-
dians in any manner whatever."
The treaty was sent by the President to the Senate with
that article in it. The Senate, May 16, 1836, refused to
advise and consent to the ratification of that article, by a
vote of 26 to 12. What caused the Senate to reject it thus
decidedly is not known, except what appears on its face,
that it singularly enough stipulated with the Indians that
the United States would pay its own or Georgia's debts out
of thie proper funds of the United States.
February 13th, the H-on. John Forsyth was called before
this committee, and the following examination of him as a
witness took place:

(I Question by Mr. Wise to Mr. Forsyth
1. Were you, or riot, personally interested in d certain
claim, commonly called time Golphin claim, as to which a stipur-
lation was inserted in the last Cherokee treaty, as sent to tire
Senate of the United States to be ratified?
Answer by Mr. Forsyth :
"I have been interested in the Golphin claim since 1S27 or
1828, as counsel for tIle representatives of Golphin, and expect,
whenever it is paid, a portion of thie sums recovered.
"Question by Mr. Wise to Mr. Forsyih :
"2. Do you know w.hiiether any person or persons, connected
or not with tine State Department, or interested or not in- said
Golpin claim, offered a reward in" money, goods, or other valu-
able consideration, to a Cherokee chic!, named Jolhn Ross, to
assent to the stipulation as to said claim irinserted in said treaty I
Answerby Mlr. Foasyth : I do not.
Question by Mr. Mann to Mr. Forsyth :
9. Has tine Golphin claim, in any manner, been officially
before your Department for examination, pending the negotia-
thion of the late treaty with dtie Cherohiee Indianss?
"Objected to by Mr. Parks, and adopted as follows:
Ayes-Mr. Pearce, Mr. Muhlenberg, Mr. Campbell, Mlr.
Lincoln, Mr. Mann, Mr. Wise-6.
t Nays-Mr. Parks, Mr. Chancy-2.
"Answer by Mr. Forsyth :
"Thie Department of State, since it has been un.icr-amy care,
has had no concern with tihe Golphin claim, other than in certi-
fying some documents among thie files of papers relating to a
time anterior to thie adoption of tihe Federal Constitution. All
the business of Indian treaties is transacted in the War Depart-
ment, to which during the administration of it by Mlajor Eaton,
I delivered a statement of the Golphiin claim, with an view to
have it provided for by some subsequent arrangement with the
Creek or Clherikee Indians. Thanstatement having been mis-
laid, another statement was substituted for it, by the parties in-
terested, during Governor Cass's administration. While tihe
treaty was negotiated here, the representatives of Golphin had
ar agent (Judge Underwood) in this cily, who applied to me to
urge tho President to admit thie claim, whlichi Underwood said
ine Indians wished to see. paid. I declined any conversation
with thie President on thie subject, because of my contingent in-
terest. Governor Cass told' me he thought thie claim just, but
doubted whether it should not be paid by Georgia, nd not the
United States. The President, as Governor Cass informed nie,
refused, on that ground, to permit ar article respecting it tio be
put into thire treaty. And when the treaty was considered and
decided utipon inlltie Cherokee country, time agents of Golphin
procured from theni thIe article as it went to thIe Senate. Tlhe
claim was not admitted to form part of the treaty, but it was be-
fore tire Senate on its own merits. Tirho original demand was
,000ooo. A law of Georgia promises to pay 6 per cent. interest.
I had no further counnexion with the insertion of thie article in
tim treaty, otherwise than advising the representatives ol Gol-
plin, before inserting it, to procure from tihe Indians an urgent
application for tihe payment of thie claim; and all the conversa-
tions I had on lmthat subject, prior to the treaty, were winh r lip
parties interested, or thie ir iattornecys. 1 applied to Major Eaton
and Governor Cass to examine rlie claim, andil feu'nicled inmeans
of forming a just opinion. Both were informed of nmy personal
interest, and thlatl what I said to them proceeded front tiat inter-
est. Vhiileo the treaty was before the Senate, I conversed on

cession with the Government; and if, in case a treaty be nego-
tiated, and I would get an article inserted in the treaty for tIhe
payment of that claim, he would make me interested in it to the
amount of $40,000 or $50,000; this proposition was spurned,
and the interview broken off. -Some short time thereafter, I
was again visited in my room by another gentleman, who intro-
duced himself to me as a Mr. Crawford, of Augusta, Georgia,
then late Attorney General of that State. This gentleman re-
marked that hie was interested in the Golphin claim, and, from
what hlie had heard ofMr. Hunter's interview with me in refer-
ence to that claimnl he was sorry to believe that Mr. Hunter had
presented the subject before meinamanner that was offensive; ,
and he lihoped, from the knowledge I had ef his character, and
the respect which he entertained for mine, that I would believe
him incapable of proposing any thIing that would be dishonor-
able. I related what had passed between Mr. Hunter and my-
self, and expressed my regret and disapprobation of being thus
tampered within. He expressed his disapprobation also of the
manner in wvhichl Mr. Hunter had presented the subject before
me. Mr. Crawford then proposed to surrender into my hands
the documents relating to the Golplinclaim ; and:said, ifatreaty
be entered into with the Goernment, and the delegation would
get an article inserted to. bind the United States to pay that
claim, the delegation m might retain such a portion oftime amount
of the claim, for tihe benefit of their nation, as they thought pro.
per-even the one half, so that the residue be paid over to the
proper claimants. I refused having any thing to do with the
claim, or to examine the documents, because it was not a debt
against the Cherokee nation ; and if considered as a claim
against tie United States, it ought lo be presented before the
proper officers of the Gover .men, fobr settlement. Some tinie
during the sess-ion ofthe Congress of1834-'35, mW illiam H. Un-
derwood, Esq., of Georgia, vlho had been employed to defend
thie rights, ofthe Cherokees before tlie courts of that State, ar-
rived in this city, unsolicited by thIe Cherokee delegation, and
whilst thie delegation were in correspondence with tle Seen etary
of WVar on the subject of negotiating a rei'aty. AIr. Underwood
remarked to me that lie was intrusted with tihe Golphin claim,
and was promised a handsome fee for its collection ; that ie'
was poort, and if the delegation negotiated a treaty with
the Government,i he would take it as a great favor in me if I
would secure thIe insertion of such an article in it, whicIh he
would draw up, couched in sich language as would not, in ltihe
slightest manner, afTcrt the interests or rights of the Chero-
kees, but which would commit the United States to pay the
claim, and that I should be no loser. I replied, that lie well
knew I had every disposition to render him any favor, without
remuneration, when in my power to do it honorably, and with-
out injury to tille nation. A short period thereafter, when I was
preparing a communication to thIe Secretary of War, emnrbracing
certain propositions for a treaty, iMr. Underwood came into mv
room, and showed me an article which lie had drawn up, to
embrace thIe Golphinh claim, and asked if I would not, in the
concluding part of the communication which I was then writ-
ing, insert it as a part of the propositions of the delegation. I
replied, no: and hie retired romn thie room. Soon after this,
Mr. John F. Schermerhorn, a commissioner of thIe United
States, negotiated a proposition in treaty form with John Ridge
and other individuals of the Cherokee nation, then in this city;
and when Mr. Underwood left the city, it was made known to
me that thIe Government had paid his expenses in corning, stay-
ing here, and returning home.
"After my return to thie Cherokee nation, in ithe course of
thie spring of 1835, it was communicated to me that Mr. Under-
wood and John Ridget had written i letter to the Secretary of
Wari, suggesting that, if thIe Cherokees were assured that Ithe
President would not offer them atny other sterns for a treaty thIan
were contained in tIhe prepositions negotiated with Ridge and
others, in all probability they would be induced to adopt them ;
that a letter, in reply from thie Secretary, was returned, making
sno. declarations as had been tsuggestetd, extracts of which were
then transmitted by Mr. Underwood to certain persons in the
nation, for lie information of then Cherokees. After thIis, there "
followed a letter from thie President of lthe United States to
Governor L.umpkin, authorizing tie Governor to make it
known, fori thIe information of the Cheroklces, that, if they did
not i.ccept of ihe propositions offered, he would iot, during his
administration, offer them arny other terms, but give them up to
the jurisdiction of thIe State atulthmoritins, to be dealt within as they
may think proper. In thIe course of rthIe summnner of thiat year,'"
Major William Y. ihmnsoll, who had leen associated with Mr.
Underwood as an attnrney-lt-law, paid me a visit at a mineral
spring, where I had taken my family for ltIeir health. Ile
minade known to me that Mr. Forsyti, the Secretary of State of
tie United States, was then or had c been in Georgia, and that
ie (tansell) hIad asccerlninped from an unquestionable source
that Mr. Forsyth was one of the parties interested in the Gol-
phin claim ; that ie possessed great influence over thne Presi-
dlent, and, notwithstanding the declarations made by the Presi-

- j* 0.' 0

glh Governor Lumpkin, M.'. Forsyth could tand would
President to grant an additional suit of money sui-
ver the Golphin claim, over and above what was stl-
the propositions submitted to time nation, if the Che-
uld sanictin a treaty upon such terms.
3d question, I beg leave to remark that a statement
stion would necessarily be very lengthy, wlich, toge-
the want of references to such documentary facets as
present within my reach, renders it impossible for
'pare an answer during the present session of Con-
!ie honorable committee will therefore please to ex-
br simply referring Ithem to the correspondence be-
self ad associates and t various officers of the Go-
and to the memorials and protests submitted both to
ive Dl)epartmenti and the Congress of the United
myself and colleagues, on ithe part of the Cherokee
in 1828 up to the present session of Congress; and,
ioin, to lay before them ar official general order, (No,
d Head Quarters, Army, E. T. and C. N., Fort
'ciber 3, 1836,' and signed 'John E. Wool, Briga-
'ral commanding.'
have tine hoor 1to be, very respectfully,
Your obedientlhumble servant,
e Hon. HSznry A. WIsE,
3hmirnian of tle Select Committee of Investigation.
HEAD QUARTERs, AvMY, E. T. and C. N'.
FORT CASS, Nov. 3, 1836.
instructed by the President of the United States,
the War Department, to make known to Mr. John
all others whom it may concern, that it is his deter-
to have the late treaty, entered into between the
plates and the Cherokee people, and ratified by the Sc-
25th May, 1836, 'religiously fulfilled in all its parts,
i conditions, within the period prescribed ;' and that
gati6nl which may be ent' to Washington, 'with a
obtain new terms, or a modification of those of the ex-
Mly, will be received or recognized ; nor will any in-
i be had with them, directly or indirectly, orally or in
and that thle President regards the proceedings of
and his associates, in the late Council held at Red
s in direct contravention of the plighted faith of their
and a repetition of then will lie considered as indica-
design to prevent the execution of the treaty, even at
rd of actual hoslitiles : and they will be promptly re-
further made known, by instructions from the WarDe-
t, that 'if anty of our citizens enter thie Cherokee coun-
incite opposition to tihe execution of the treaty,' they
roceeded against according to the laws of the State, if
t ou the subject, in which they may enter; and, if there
a no law of thu, State which can be brought to bear on0
id under which they may be removed,' it is the opinion
'resident,' as expressed through the War Department, -
my may be removed' out of the country under the 6th
,f thle treaty,' in which the United States guaranty that
rokees shall be protected against interruption and in-
'rain citizens of the United States who may attempt to
the country,' unless it is with the express consent of
mite iwho are acting under tie 12th article of the trea-
,by the terms of that article, they alone are authorized
officers of ithe army, whether commanding volunteers
.ar troops, under my command, are required and direct-
ake knosvn to all persons resiitng, or who may come
lie range of their respective commands, the contents of
er; and to make diligent search and inquiry in regard to
ens who may enter the Chcrokee country and invite up-
i or interfere with the due execution of the treaty, and
.heir names and places of residence, without delay, to
head-quarters, in order that they may be proceeded
according t thie laws of the country and thle instruc-
'the President of the United States. They are also re-
mitd directed to prevent all meetings, and to break up all
s coming- to their knowledge, assembled in the Cherokee
-, or the purpose opposing the treaty, ordiscussing its
"Brigadier Ceneral Commanding."
amount of this Golphin claim, principal andi inter-
estimated at about $150,000.
undersigned deems it to be his duty to present also
r subject clearly before the House and the nation.
the 11th July, 1836, the Treasury Department issued
ilar to the land receivers and deposit banks, requir-
ecie in payment for the public lands. This circular,
tlie'ed, was dictated by the President, without the
rrence of the Secretary of the Treasury ; it is be-
Ito have benefited speculators in the public lands
nany of whom are charged to be officers of the Gov-
nt; and the circular itself was thought to be, if not'
action of law, a suspension of law-at least in viola-
: a sacred principle of civil liberty that all power gof
:ding lawis, or the execution of laws, by any author-
thost the consent of the Representatives of the Peo-
injfrious to their rights, and ought not to be excr-
The circular was an abuse in itself, but its appli-
,or rather the exception in its application, was a
r abuse still, an the following correspondence between
ranch Bank of Alabama, at Decatur, and the Secre-
7 the Treasury, will show.
cashier of the Branch of the Bank of the State of
-na, at Decatur, addressed a letter to the Secretary of
treasury, dated July 28, 1836, in whichi-he says:
DECATUR, JULY 28, 1836.
i: In easequence of yourletter, under date of the 11th
amlressed to the receivers of public money," [&c.
:r r- -irctular requiring specie for the public lands,]
S-- ..f this institution have ordered me to make the
ag inquiry :
easequence of the purchase by you of five hnndred
Tml dollars of Alabama Sater bonds, being for the increase
ca pial! of this branch bank, the payment of which, has
:: .-, r I- .1-- trom time to time, by the receiver of
r'>r.'-' -r '1r- Iaads sold, or tobe sold, for the ben-
the Chiekasaw nation, as folly expressed in the terms of
s. sil .l, nuner date 31 aDfrchi, 16836,1 would, there-
cay ree-peafsclty beg leare to inquire whetheryoa will lie
li vs, wi er the said receiver at Ponfiloci to accept, in pay-
inr s isl public land-s, the notes, or certificates of deposit,
S ineatc bank, to thie amount of $31jC00, or such ani
it as may be due this branch bank at the time of said pay-
bintag made. This bank, as a rlater ofcourse, agreeing
elaIS its own notes by checks'at sight-iin this instance,
e eiier at the U(nionBank ef L',tiianaor Citizenis Bantik,
"Means; the Mechaniec' (Bank, Philadelphia, or the Phie-
ski, NIew York; for any sunm or sutfs over and above thle
al de o it from the Treasury, and which might be paid to
s-serat Poatitoc for Chickasaw lands during the present
lik te~ae-st is notl made with a view to thie accommodation
l t k i swa k s l'eh as for theo ctnuenienee of thIe People, par-
li tt&i.--' -'i i-. .1 r .' ,- .:.1 whom hays al-
i o tsei ... .i : ii '" '. .' ,.. :. Ian ,, and are con-
misva h o remove there. lI it, therefore, at their sug-
ai ilsai-se dre "ory effthe institution hove been induced to
',awi-u ap;psictio to &P mrilde; for (pemit me to say)
,auotmI elia is fully prepared to afsbrd its crinsners the
i ,r -i,' .i. i- .r ilie puuymentif their lands in specie dol-
and risk in thetransmission of tbch being
I oiwkl satlaileldgedl to be great, through'a country but
,w*i'- ed-, a,' where several robberies and depredations
Owati ematel, sthat we are anxious that tie same faciii-
'ae.b !!base bwi.-oire been extended to them should be
'lenr ttble fai ir cimatane's of the e ne, ttis braneih
-- largea rporlioti of het whole atnount
I i 'Il 'i' -ew to ldin r p l at t'ootitoe for lind, gold
i.n. m'l ; ,'* i iI- 'i i, iC* i ,,, 7, i ,.] lilr r w ilt natbe
S *' i, -i i i,',, I. I,.' ,I,, ir. r.est, w hile it
a'--. .. ." hI., in I itm tiOt h i aii. in daily expecta-
'aiui'sin l i" '-- -in rTefsred to from the bank of thle State
in'i ,, I., .-- rai elved shall be executed mime-
',s, ,li siW' eirhd le thee amoeunts as received from timhe rc-
isilugiin %.o 5fpectl IS hIve the honor to be, &c.
"JAMES DUBNO, Ceahicr.
r lie Ts 7'reasury."
re1f of the Secretary was as follows:
TaSAssaY DISPABTM5IT, Ao. 11, 1836.
t'in' o- (thin notes of yur Iunk luy tie receiver at Poun-
s 11'Ih *istmint of yottr etutrintet wish this Department, Ihat
-in II in.. theeh.t hie ustumh teuke your notes to the extent of
- :..v".,' i1 your balin, uondcr the contract, upon your
in --i .'. II thient from him as money, He is auttihorls-
..i.. t way, and to that extent, on your showi-tg
-i' nillt' ; itbut I icanusitt user the reglslatinms i to notes
'I'I "--Isi fir general purpotels.
"| ii, in 't:ry respectfolIy, ,...,r .t.. c.nl -. ri .r 'i

"Secretary of the Treasoury.
'i' -. E- f(r
i 1t-nch Bank of Alabama, Decatar."
inisi l' di rc u.hUlar, and this exception under it, not
vAct t a.jawt c(iuspetinded, but their uniformity de-
'i1,, sl -'ar *' wu')strtt'e/ or1 THE PRESIDENT ALONE, IM-
:iudt, A'f1rBt Co t~su wA IN m SESaION. One portion
-.,.....as aeconmeodteda, itns being allowed to pay
,t',. t,... in convertient banttk notes, whilst hleir
,ilhtt;, swae obliged to pay irt site.'f, ait every cost and
,e, linl tiak of transportation. One bank 's notes

a( Weinl tdo any amount less than 8 500,000 dollars,
r!lAhtivdlhs- of the surrounding Statos, orof I'Tennes-
" '. I ard for every 'dollar coin which
i ..-i T.," Presidential election w tiherin fast
,..; i, aW what feet this indulgence, ant that
-' '- iittl etreular s. to bank notes of Miasi|ilppii
c Mif- 1 nisc ,.bsi.,mo.iippi, mh'd upon the People of the
-lt, Aharm *,ni ,iieiipp,, it is not difficult to

There are a number of other cases which*might be se-
lected from the testimony, thie whole nass of which is sub-
mit ed, but ti e committee has not hald time to report parti-
cularly upon them. The undersigned, however, woult call
the attention of the House particularly to a report of Amos
Kendall and John P. Van Ness, commissioners appointed,
by authority of the President, to receive and report testi-
mony touching certain charges preferred Ib-i .Gassaway;
end also tothe teestimony of Commodore Morris and Charles
W. Goldsborough, in relation to said charges, in the appen-
dix to the journal of this committee. One thing is re-
markable about this notable commission, that thel commis-
sioners it seemed issued SUBPOENAS for witnesses in the lfrm
of "request," and it is believed that one or ,oth of them
administered corporal.4 aths. How far the constitution of
this tribunal was in the competency of Executive autho-
rity, the undersigned is not prepared to say. But this [they]
are prepared to say: that, whilst the President was de-
nouncing this committee as worse than a Spanish Inquisi-
tion, he should have looked well to his own acts in insti-
tuting commissions of inquiry. Certain it is, that though
these comUissioners reported very'strongly against several
officers in the Navy Department, not one of themt, as far as
this committee is informed has ever been removed from
It had been represented to a member of the committee
;hat disbursing officers had unnecessarily drawn specie
from the deptosite banks, after the issuing of the Treasury
circular requiring specie payments for public lands, and
sold the same as merchandise for their private profit, to
those who required specie at the land offices. This subject
was left unexamined, except by a call on the Department,
which resulted in developing nothing of the abuse. The
subjects of frauds in Indian reservations, and in the pur-
chase and sales of public lands, in comnexion with thie le-
gislation of Congress, as well as theExecutive administra-
tion, were necessarily left untouched, although the atten-
tion of the committee was called to them in various ways.
[See anonymous letters, and the examinations of Amos
Kendall and David Henshaw: sec, also, the letter of R.
T. Archer, and the answer of the Depar:ment to the call
of the committee, on its subject-matter.]
The minority cannot do less' than justice to Col. Tow-
son, the Paymaster General of the Army, by saying that a
complaint was made against his official conduct by a person
named Hobby, and ihe promptly asked for inquiry and in-
vestigatioi, as the best means of doing justice both to the
Government and the -officer; the committee had not time
to examine and report upon his case, and can only refer to
his testimony for the facts of his defence. For other mat-
ters, also of great interest, the minority must refer general-
ly to the testimony of the Honorable H. L. White, John
Bell, Balie Peyton, Frpancis W. Pickens, Henry A. Wise,
Amos Keidall, David Henshaw, John Ross, and others
who were examined. Many who were summoned and
sworn could not be examined ; some for the want of time
and others because they would not have been permittedto
testify as to the matter of evidence for which they were
There is not time, in fact, or opportunity, (part of tjie
journal of the committee having been until the present
moment in the hands of the printer,) to'digest and proper-
ly arrange the facts which have been proved. But, in con-
clusion, the undersigned would humbly hope that the la-
bors of the committee may be fruitful of health and purity
to the administration of the Government. Whether in-
quiry results in vindicating public officers, and demonstrat-
ing their integrity and capacity, or in detecting and expos-
ing their errors of mal-atdministration; their characters on
the one hand, and the interests of the Government on the
other, are well worth the trouble and the cost of inquiry.
The wisest system of laws is no better than the worst, when
corruptly and ignorantly administered; and the worst system
as wholesome as the best, when administered by pure, pa-
triotic, capable, and independent public servants, who act
officially with a single eye to the public good.
All which is respectfully submitted as-a substitute for the
report of the majority. HENRY A. WISE.
FEBRUARY 27, 1837.

SPRING GOODS.-We have received, and arp now
T opening a large and'general assortment of seasonable goods,
to which we invite the attention of our customers and purcha-
sers generally; among which are the following :
Elegant colored figured Silks of the latest fashion
1 case rich plaid Silks, beautiful colors -
1 do handsome plaid Silks, light colors
50 pieces black Silks, various qualities
20 do elegant Spring Shalleys
100 do French Lawns
100 do Muslin Delane
50 do French Painted Muslins
100 do low-priced Painted Muslins
250 do French and English Chintz
50 do Cambric Inserting and Edgings
100 do superfine Cambric Muslin
50 do do Jaconet do
100 do Swiss and Book Muslins
100 dozen Cotton Hose, comprising general assortment
50 do Ladies' Gloves, beautiful spring colors.
mar 28-2w [Globe]
J 3 cartons elegant French-vworked Capes and Silencers
50 elegant embroidered camel's hair Shawls
20 dozen Fancy Shawls and Handkerchiefs
100 pieces Meehlin Thread Laces
10 dozen embroidered and ribbed Silk Hose
100 do Linen Cambric Handkdrchiefs
10 boxes beautiful French Flowers, &c.
mar 28-2w [Globe]
I case superfine Irish Linens, warranted all linenl
I do heavy do do for pillow cases
I do 10-4 and'12-4 Irish Sheetings
1 do 10-4 and 12-4 Russia do
I do superfine Diaper Towelling
1 do Irish and tRussia Table Diapers
20 do Damask Napkins
25 superfine Marseilles Quills, very beautiful
100 low-priced do.
The above goods were purchased in. New York at auction,
and will be offered at very reduced prices.
mar 28-2w (Globe)
JERY EXTEN'SIVE SALE.-On Saturday, the 1st
V of April, at 12 o'clock M. I tiall sell at auction, without
reserve, at the National Hotel Livery Stables, the very exten-
sive and valuable stock of Carriages, Barouches, &c. with tihe
fine harness and saddle II.c.ses belonging to the above estab-
lidament, viz.
Handsome close Carriages and Coachees, with harness
Do brass and silver mounted Barouches, with do
Do light buggy \Vagon, with do
Five pairs of well broken harness Horses, in good condition,
anrl have ben carefully used. Amongst these are pairs ofband-
aome maith Horses, with several valuable saddle Horses.
Alno, Saddbl sand Bridles, stable furniture, &c.
Tile carriages andti baronshes are in first-rateo order, built itn
the m,m.t modern style, and of tile best workmanship anid mate-
Trerum of sale : Catstli for all suing of and under $100; over
$l00, and not exceeding (200, i60 days; over 8200, 90 days
credit, for notes satisfactorily endorsed, hearing interest.
Any OtO desiroua of making a purchase of the above it o0e
entire lot, or a part titereaf, has an opportunity of doing so at
private samle previous to tihe 1st of April.
mar 2.5-d&cptB EDWARD DYER, Auct.

Monday net., :3d of April, at 11 o'clock A.M. I shall
sell, at the dwelling next to S. R. Hobble's, EB'l on 1tl street,
nortli of P treat, the Household Furniture of a lIdy raminoving
from the city; amongst which are
IImdiloiimm sprintlg oait Sofi, Mahlogany Sidteboard,
Gilt Maitlel Gits ittnd ornarmehta
fliot Sotl atnd Winoder Chairs, Iltgrain Carpels & Rugs,
Hall mind Step CarpmeOs, (new,) Fhit brass Stop ltods,
Green Whisomw Blhihil, Best Hair Mattrunenes,
New emlxteail, Bitroaei, Andiron, Tongs nd Shovels,
Fenders, Chalimber Tables &c. &c.
ilotary 4...,tm,,,. '-.,c end appntrtensnce,
Kitlheln It, ml .. '
f t Tlic bove ]eirniturea has been only a short time in use,
atd hm teen well kept.
icir 27---dts EDW. DYER, Auctioneer.

W M M MIT- tPIRHRSON, Attorney at Law and
V Geinetral I danlI Agent,Mclcnt, Arkiansas, offers
Iis tvervIe,-'s fr thii puroImi bitr sI ale. of lands, pibymntit of taxes,
&e. &o. iti ArlutmIanisi d thO hnto Indian purelts hi Missiissippi.
'..l.. It the himiedliato vianiy ,if` the Militsry LaindA in Ar-
katismssj Io will ati tany tiin fitrnish infioriii ion concerning
Prfessmionl busNineis i promptly attended to.
Bh Run rTO
Chief JIsti(f. lSiberfoon, Lexington, )
Hou. C. Alian, W -inhelotir, Kientucky.
Jolhn J. Maislitll, alZ0,1 lsuisville, 5
Griffen & Whieto n, New Y k
E. U. Berryman, MiA., Ya
Win. B. Hie2lkell, ES,, I'hiladelplia.
Tinomas Paul, Es1. Whmeling, Virginia.
Col. Win. Chirisly, New Orlians.
J, B. Thirasher, Esq., Port Gibson, Misslusiippl.
Col. A. FPowler, Little Roclk.
1,POl SALI, len l thouand acres of choice Cnltion Lind in
toriu'sljized tracts, situated in Alkansas tid Miila ssi ppit s, tie
orf l iin ear the Mississippi river. Also, 30 Lots in lthu town l
Helena. se 14-i-win

71 Ftw S ty iti Union,, noxv anad (tarever, one and



The news from Florida is not by any means of
as favorable a complexion as that lately received.
The following is an extract of a Letter receiv-
ed by tihe Editor of the Charleston Courier from
St. Augusline, under date of March 17:
An express arrived here from Gen. JEsuP this morn-
ing, bringing despatches as late as the 12th of March. We
understand ihe is not so sanguine as to the result of the
treaty lately entered into with the Chiefs, as would appear
from the letters published in our last. He expresses doubts
as to the ability of the Chief's to govern their people, andti
particularly their young men. And he also doubts the faith
of Philip, Chief of the Topkoliky Indians. Philip has a
force of about 400 neni."
Information also reached Charleston, on the
20th, by Captain Southwick, from St. Augustine,
that a few moments before his leaving that place,
an express arrived from Picolata, dated the same
morning, (18th inst.) which stated that the In-
dians attacked that place the previous night and
were beaten off-ftrther Capt. S. could not learn,
but this can be relied on. The bugle was sound-
ing as theMills was leaving the harbor; it was said,
for Capt.Hanson's company to muster and march
forthwith to Picolata, or in that direction. Cap-
tain S. did not understand what the result was,
only that the Indians were beaten off, they car-
rying with then some horses.
From Volusia we learn, (says the Charleston
Courier,) that orders had been sent to Col. FAN-
NING, by Gen. JESUP, that in case he should re-
ceive no orders from the latter to the contrary
by the 7th, he should again take the field. In
consequence of these instructions, Col. Fan-
ning, with his command of about 500 men,
marched on the 8th for Lake Monroe.


The slips due at this office by the Express
Mail from the South came to hand, in part, by
the regular (irregular) mail papers received from
the Post Office yesterday morning. They were
of the date of the 17th and 18th instant. The
following is the latest allusion that we perceive
in them to the commercial embarrassments in
that city :"
FRIDAY, MARCH 17, 1837.
We have nothing now to communicate relative to the
money market. Situated as we are, no great change either
for better or worse can take place without predisposing
causes from New York. We are so subject to the influ-
ences of the state of the money market in that great empo-
rium, that we can scarcely hope for any independent action
in our own monetary concerns. Cotton has declined from
I to 1 cent. The causes of this depression must be found
in the derangements occasioned by the late suspensions.
In truth, cotton has always been held in this city too near
the Liverpool prices for doing a safe business. No one
could enter the market but the heaviest capitalists at such
rates, and hence the tendency to a monopoly. But the
time is coming, rapidly, that the transactions in cotton must
be open to competition, and the trade will then be restored
to a healthful condition. The sales recorded by the board
of brokers, to-day, are only 112 bales of Mississippi at 12h
cents. Large quantities are arriving, as will be seen by
reference to our statement.

NATIONAL CIVILITIES.-The following is an
extract from a letter from an officer of the U. S.
ship John Adams. The action recorded, and
the note from the Captain of the English ship
relieved in the hour of peril, are both creditable
to the parties concerned :
Extractfrom a letter of an officer on board the Eited Stlates
ship John Adams.
MALAGA, January 11, 1837.
On the 2d, it commenced blowing from the east at about
one in the morning, and continued until four in the after-
noon, when it became a complete hurricane. We had as
much as we could do to take care of our fine ship. We
sent down every thing to our lower masts, and we receiv-
ed but very trifling injury. There were three English
men of war here ; one arrived the night before the gale.
She had to cut away all her masts, and is otherwise injured.
One of the others lihad to heave over all her guns, and was
about cutting away her masts, when tile gale abated. The
other, the largest of the three, lost her rudder, besides re-
ceiving .farther damage. Six rmerchantmen were wrecked,
but none of them Americans. Our captain sent his largest
boat to the assistance of theship that was dismasted, and
succeeded in getting one of her cables on shore, which was
of great service to her. The following is a copy of a let-
ter received from Lord Ingestrie, who commanded the larg-
est ship: -
H. B. M. StIp TYRE, MALAcA, Jan. 5, 1837.
SiR : It is with infinite pleasure that I, in the name of
the ships of his Britannic Majesty in this port, return to
you, your officers, and ship's company, our best thanks for
the, kind ani cheerful assistance you were so good as to
giye us during our critical position in the late gale. Ihave
to request that you will have the goodness to make this
communication to those under your command.
I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient, humble
servant, INGESTRIE, Captain.
To Captain SILasH. ST'RINGIInAM,
U. S. Corvette John Adams.

The Democracy of the Senate [of VIRGINIA]
have stricken from the Preamble to the Resolu-
tions censuring Mr. LEIoG, the sentence the
voice of the People is the voice of God." This
is a specimen of exceeding modesty and conde-
scension on the part of the wise men who sit in
the upper chamnber.-Whig.

S'eamen's Hospital Tax,-The Fall River Pa-
triot says :
A statement is going the rounds of the newspapers,
that the Hospital Tax is repealed for one year, and that
an appropriation of $150,000 has been made to sustain tihe
Marine Hospitals during that period. We are inclined to
doubt this; if our recollection serves us, the clause touch-
ing the hospital money was lost by the carrying of the pre-
vious question."
The Editor of the Patriot is mistaken; an amendment
to theli Harbor Bill, suspendinig the payment of the Hospi-
tal Tax for one year, andi appropriating $150,000 to sustain
the Marine Hospitals during that period, was moved by
our representative, (Hon. S. C. Pn.tielPS) atud was carried,
as follows
Provided, That from and after the first day of April
next, all laws enacted, whereby seamen are required to
pay twenty cents a month, or their employers arc required
to retain that sumni out of their wages, to crea. e a fund for
Ithe sick rttd disabled senitien, shall be suspended for one
year, during which no such exaction shall be made; and
that, illtemuad of said tax, they're be appropriated, out of any
money in the Treasury nuot otherwise appropriated, the
sum of one hundred and filly thousand dollars, to be dis-
bursed ill the same maniur as the sum above mentioned."
We trust that at the next session of Congress this tax
will be repealed ; and we mgree with the Editor ofthe Pa-

triot, that with such an overflowing Treasury, it would
seem that our Marine Hosp'tals might be supported with-
out the collection of twenty cents a month fron-our hardy
and generous hearted soamen, especially since a large por-
tion of them robust personally ever be beyond its beneficial


We take from the'New York Daily Express the
following Extract of a Letter from a Mexican in
Tampico, to William Kidd, Esq. of the Mer-
chants' Exchange, New Orleans, Ithe contents
of which are said to be !he'ievt'd tbe entirely
true by those actually acquainted with the state
of affairs in Mexico :"
"Dear Sir: Notwithstanding the nonsensical rant in
the American papers concerning this country, and the ex-
pedition destined to operate against the Texans, you should
know that the Mexicans and the Government areresolved
to make Texas enter into its duty, and they will do so.
Every thing is now ready for the march of the troops,
which are composed of 6,000 infantry and 1,200 cavalry,
with their corresponding artillery; and the command is
confided to General Bustamente, well known for his valor
anti patriotisam. Although with a great trouble, therechave
been equipped four brigs, three schooners, and eleven gun-
boats; and there are expected daily from Jamaica two good
steamboats and one brig, under the command of William
McKenzie, who served with Commodore Porter in the
war of independence. As soon as these vessels arrive,
about 1,000 men will be embarked to operate by sea against
Galveston, and the other troops will go by land, to unite
with them, under the command of Bustamente. The ar-
'rival of Santa Anna will not change,, in the least degree,
the'aspect of things in Texas, because he has agreed with
Bustamiente and our Government; and I repeat that the
expedition will start about the middle of March, if not
before." '
We find in another New York paper the fol-
lowing Letter, which appears to have been copied
frotn the Government paper in the city of Mexico:
To his Excellency General Don Jos6 Maria Tornct:
Vera Cruz, Feb. 20, 1837. Much esteemed Friend:
I improve the few moments afforded me by the express
which is going to set out, to inform you that, through the
favor of Divine Providence, we have got out of the claws
of the banditti of Texas, and of their SYMPATHIZING friends.
We shall soon see each other, and you shall know our
long chain of sufferings.
I beg you to forward immediately the annexed to my
house, and send me, if you can, the answer to Manga de
The President [Santa Atna] comes sick, and "will not
be able, I think, to recover for many days.
Your very affectionate friend,

Licut, Col. FosTER, of the United States Army, arrived
at New Orleans on the 15th inst., from Tampa Bay, with
intelligence that the war with the Seminoles was (as be-
lieved) brought to a close. Col. F., with another officer,
accompanied by two private soldiers, travelled more than
one hundred miles through the midst of tlihe Indian coun-
try, oil their way to Tampa Bay, without being molested.

Awful Coif'laglraton it IVashinmg/on, N. Carolina.-We
have verbal accounts of a desolating conflagration in the
town of Washington, North Carolina, which broke out on
Monday night last, and destroyed sixty-fobur houses;
but our information does not extend to particulars. The
fire, it is said, originated in a turpentine distillery, and
swept away the entire business part of the town. A vast
quantity of naval stores was destroyed.
Supposed Loss of another Emigrant Vesscl.-There
was a rumor in Liverpool when the packet ship North
America sailed, of the loss of the British barque Jane &
Margaret, bound from Liverpool to New York with 188
passengers, on the Irish coast, near Arklow. An Irish
trader, which arrived at Liverpool on the 17th February,
reported that, when off Arklow, she picked up some cases
of goods, the marks of which were found to correspond,
with some goods shipped by the above vessel.

We understand that the family of the illustrious MAnt-
soN are preparing for the press five or six volumes of his
MSS. One volume is to be devoted to Constitutional Doc-
trines, and the others to his interesting Correspondence.
These are, of course, exclusive of his Reports of the old
Congress and of the Federal Convention, for the purchase
of which the last Congress have appropriated $30,000.-
Richmond Enquirer.


A correspondent of the Ellsworth (Maine) Radical, un-
der date of Blue Hill, March 17, 1837," gives an inter-
esting.account of the launching of a vessel as follows :.
On Wednesday of last week, the 8th instant, we wit-
nessed with considerable interest what seblom occurs in
this country, and never was before seen in this place-a
ship coming out of the country .on dry land. A vessel of
seventy-two tons burthen, built by a number of the farm-
ers of this town, at the distance of three and a half miles
from salt water, was moved by the power of men and oxen
into her destined element.
At the time appointed about 60 yokes of oxen and from
400 to 500 men and boys appeared on the spot. The ves-
sel was placed upon a sled made for thi purpose, about 30
Feet in length and 8 feet in breadth. To this sled the oxen
were attacTied by means of two chain cables, and arrang-
ed in two divisions so as to draw side by side. Two haw-
sers wore attached to the quarters of the vessel, on either.
side. By these a crowd of men drew with no little power,
either forward or aft, as their power was needed to aid the
oxen in going ahead," or to nullify their power in de-
scending hills. Two ropes were also attached to the bow-
spfit, by means of which 20 or 30 men on each side guided
her with ease.
At a little past 9 o'clock A. M. all was ready, and the
word given to proceed. Some little difficulty occurred at
the outset, but soon all was in order, and moving forward
with great regularity and ease. In descending some ofrthe
sharpest hills, it was deemed expedient to place a part of
the team iu thea roar to prevent too rapid a descent, so that
for the greater part of the distance she was drawn by'30
yokes of oxen, together with thie aid afforded bly the men.
The whole eompauy dliued on the road, anil the oxen were
bailed, which necessarily took' up considerable time ; but
still, in six hours from the hirst move, she was safely landed
on the ice some distance from the wharf: not thie slightest
accident occurred, nor was the least disorder witnessed
during the day.
Tothose who never witnessed the like, their sight must
have been one of no ordinary interest. To sece a vessel of
such size and weight, preceded by a team so long, accom-
panied by such a crowd of men, admi all in perfect order,
moving slowly forward with majesty and ease, traversing
hills and valleys, passing through woodlands and open
plains, plunging through snow drifts aisd skating upon the
ice, still holding her course onwards towrnls the sea, had,
indeed, quite aim air of -tha sublime.
hIt is p roper to remark that this vessel lias been built and
hatlod without the aid (or, to speak more accurately, with-
out the hindrance) of spirits. This accounts for the per-
feet order whiich prevailed at the hauling, and the safety
and despatch with which it was accomplished.

A TRICK.-A fellow exhibited, in Vienna, a young girl
stained with walnut juice, as a veritable wild Esaquinmaux!
Upon the deception being discovered, he was imprisoned,
as he deserved to be.
SUDDENo DATII.-JOHN C. GRAY, frmni Boston, arrived here
on thIe 2d iainut, mand took lodgings at thle Virginia Hotel. It
was shortly ascertained that hlie ws a hypochondriac of le most
untiiHrtn te aundi pitliablle ktind--ollen iinlgining htimselfseritun-
ly afflicted in various' -h,:.Il .1 ....1 often ludicrous ways-somne-
times Ithat i e was it ....I.. ...i i -- and the least touch would

breuk him;at other times that hlie wns snow, id lthe fire would
melt himin. He ot.en applied to a drug store for medicine, andi
on Monday lie procured an ounce of opium, a part of which lie
took. Promn that time, lie bamine languid, though lie did not
go to sleep until late in the evening. On Tuesday morning, he
was found dead in Ilss bed. A coroner's jury was summoned,
adl evidanec ltaon. Those acquanted wi ll him express the
opinion that hlie did not take the opimn in the belief thatit would
kill iln. h-is i:manners in lucid intervals, and his general ap-
pearance, evinced a good education and respectability. We nu-
detrtand his relations in Boston are wealthy and respected.
[ Times.


We have before us (says the Political Arena)
the official Army Register for 1837. It presents
a frightful list of casualties in the Army since
the publication of th last Register, viz.
C.lonels 2, Captains'20, Ist Lieutenants 40, 2d Lieu-
tenauts 37, Brevet 2d Lieutenants 13, Staff 3-Total re-
signations, 115.
Lieutenant Colonel 1, C;ptain 1, 1st Lieutenants 3, 2d
Lieutenants 1, Brevet 2dl Lieutenants 1I-Total declin-
ed, 7.
Lieutenant Colonels 2, Brevet Lieutenant Colonel 1,
Brevet Majors 5, Captains 9, 1st Lieutenants 7, 3d Lieu-
tenants 5, Brevet 2d Lieutenants 1, Medical Staff 3-To-
tal deaths, 33.
1st Licutetrant, 1.
Resignations 115, declined 7, dcaths 33, dismission 1-
Total 156.


For tile 53d Regiment, Baltimore city, JoutN SPE.a NI-
cuor.AS, Colonel, vice Walker, resigned.
SAMUEL OwinGs H t.OFFMAN, Lieutenant Colonel of the
For the 4th Brigade, SAMUEL COE, Brigadier General,
vice Briscoe, resigned.
For the '2d division, JAMES SEWALL, Major General, vice
Forman, stricken off for not reporting.
For the 1st Brigade, ISRAEL D. MAULSBY, Brigadier Gen-
eral, vice Sewall, promoted.
For tbo-4th division, WILLIAM JAMESON, Major General,
vice Stansbury, stricken off for not reporting.
For the 11th Brigade, JosUA TAYLOR,t Brigadier Gene-
ral, vice Jameson, promoted.
For the 12th Brigade, WILn.t.M POTTERn, Brigadier Gen-
eral, vice Dickinson, resigned.
For the 1st Regiment, 1st Regimental Cavalry District,
JOHN MCPHERSON, Colonel, re-appointed with rank from
30th December, 1829, the date of a former commission.
WILLIAMt, McPHERSON, Lieutenant Colonel.
RICHARD JOHNSON, of William, Major, vice McPherson,
For the 2d Regiment, 1st Regimental Cavalry District,
Tnoaas -HOOK, Colonel, ro-apipointed with rank from 3d
February, 1827, the date of'a former commission.
JAMBs (C. 4Tr.s:E, Lieutenant Colonel, re-appoirited with
rank from 23d October, 1833, the date of a former commnis-
For the 2d Regimental Cavalry District, Jontx CONTEE,
Colonel, vice Winsor, declined.
THOMAs. G. PR.XTT, Lieutenant Colonel, vice Dunlop,
moved away.
For the 3d Regimental Cavalry District, GEOEGE How-
ARD, Colonel, re-appointed with rank from the 14th Feb-
ruary, 1834, the date of former commission.
ALPREDn SEt.,MAN, Lieutenant Colonel, vice Cooke,
stricken off for not reporting.
For the 4th Regimental Cavalry District, DANIEL JENI-
ran, Colonel, vice Causin, moved away.
For the 6th Regimental Cavalry District, JosIUA C.
GtST, Colonel, vice Wilson, stricken off for not reporting.
SWILLIAM TAGART, Lieutenant Colonel, vice Gist, pro-
Forthec7th Regimen!al.Cavalry District, AQLILA BRowN,
Colonel, vice Rutledge, stricken off for not reporting.
CLEMENT BUTLER, Lieutenant Colonel, sice Brown, pro-


Extract of a letter to the Editor, dated
RoME, FEB. 2.-We have met here a considerable num-
ber of our countrymen, the most distinguished among
whom are Commodore Hull, Mr. Binney, and Mr. Tick-
ner-more distinguished, I can proudly say, in their res-
pective walks, than any other here. The English are not
as numerous as usual.
The Pope has forbidden the use of masks during the
carnival, because, as is said, he fears revolution. The
consequence is, the people are extremely sour. Many of
them make money by this folly, and most of them receive
great enjoyment. It is particularly a holiday to the priests,
who, in fantastic dresses and masked, give loose, during
the carnival, to any portion of the devil not driven out of
them-how much this is you can guess as well as I.
In consequence of the cholera at Naples; which has cut
off all intercourse between the Roman States and the
southern portion of Italy, and thereby much abridged the
little commerce these people have, as well as the influx of
foreigners, the people are suffering unusual distress from
want of food. They are indeed driveit to such extremi-
ties, that the bakers and victuallers cannot take round their
wares without a guard of soldiers, and this is not always a
sufficient defence, as there are daily instances of the guard
being disarmed after a scuffle, and the provisions -distri-
buted among the assailants.
The crowd of beggars and idlers about the streets sur-
prises and disgusts us more thanan n be conceived, parti-.
cularly when we refer this state of things, as we must do,
to bad government.
-They are handsome, sprightly, intelligent people, but in
ptofound ignorance, ant tiey are kept so design.,dly by
their Government. A different state of things would des-
troy this civil and religious cheat in a moment.
On visiting one of the churches, St. John Lateran, the
second in importance here, and looking over some ancient
books, for the offices of the church, I asked the attending
priest for the Bible. He said it was not in the church!
but was preserved in the consistory room. I asked him
when it was read io the people: "On the day of Petite-
cost," was his answer, some portions of it are read."
In fact, none but the learned are permitted to read the
Bible-which, moreover, is forbidden to be sold.
However, you know all these things as well as I, and
have seen them.. How I wish that all my countrymen
could be persuaded of the happy condition in which our
virtuous and wise forefathers, under the guidance of Divine
Providence, have placed them-that they might, uninflu-
enced by thle love of change or the arts of demagogues,
preserve in its purity the government which secures such
blessings to them.-N. Y. American.
TENACITY, oP i.PE op TiE AIt,'Lm TREi.-A medical
gentleman who has recently made a tour through several
of the Western States, related to us the following singular
instance, illustrative of the power of the apple-tree to sup-
port life out of the ground :
In tile mlionth of October, 1835, Mr. Alex. McCoy, liv-
ing near Columbus, Ohio, bought ofa nurseryman on Long
Island 100 apple trees; they were thlen packed up, ship-
ped via the great Eric canal and the lakes, to Cleveland,
Ohio. On arriving at that point, ilhe canal being frozen
up, the trees remained there until the later cnd.of March,
1836, when they \vere sent to Columbus, Ohio, by the
canal; they reached the latter place in the month of April
following. As it was presumed that thIe trees, whiich had
now been out of the ground six months, were all dead, or
their vital powers so far destroyed as to render their vege-
tating not only doubtful, but, as was supposed, hopeless,
the owner refused to receive them. In this situation they
remained till May, when the agent of the canal forwarded
them to their proprietor, who planted them out in his corn-
field, rich limestone land, and tended them with his corn.
At the period of planting, which was seven months from
thie time of their being taknu up, tise trees were partially
its leaf, and notwithstandintg all of these disadvantageous
circumstances, 98 of them lived, only 2 of the hundred
Nantucket is what the New Englanders call a froze
and thaw." The whole concern hlias been frozen as hard
as sea b biscuit tdring the whole winter, and his but just
shook off her icicles. The Inquirer thus discourses spring
A scarcity of nearly all thle necessary articles of consump-
tion has at lengtlli come upon us. The stalls in ourt markets
inuv louug heee swept eleam ; our tmef uad pork barrels are itt-
torly bereft.; time woodwhiimlingera have disposed of thme last
catstick ; there is scarcely any tling eatable or burnable to lIe
procured, even for money, thit all-commanding agent; time
clam, banks have suspended dliseutnts, the wild fowl alre extcr-

initiated, the very eels have wriggled into the value of sixpence
a pound, nnd we are still bl cked by ice, in a manner so ambi-
guous however, as neither to suffer navigation to,move, nor men
to travel on its surface. Here are 7000 mouths to be fed, and
as many bodies to be warmed. Vessels can iconme ad go, to
atntd t from Brant Point, nalthotglt earcraft still lies embodied in
the frozen docks. Oh! for a few cargoes of food and fire-
wood from Connecticut, Cape God, and all along shore !"

P IANO FORTES.-Just received, fmoir splendid Piano
F'ories, direct from one of thie best houses of Germany.
They are warranted, and will be sold on very accomuiiodaling
terms. Expected by first arrival fi'om Boston, fiur Piano Fortes
from the celebrated factory of Messrs. Gilbert & Co
moar 27-colmd&c (Alex. Gaz.)


From the SOUTH, by the Express rider last
evening, nothing at all received.
From the NORTH, a single slip from the office
of the New York Mercantile Advertiser, which
mentions the arrival of the fast-sailing ship Re-
publican, from Liverpool, whence she sailed on
the 25th of February. The news from the Con-
tinent, by her, is no hlter than has been hereto-
fore received. The following is the latest ac-
count of the state of the Cotton Market:
FRIDAY Ev,'tINo, February 24.-The very low business
transacted in American Cotton at the close of last week,
under he. continued pressure of money, attracted the at-
tention of buyers in the early part of this week; and from
ihe improved demannd upon the market on Monday and
Tuesday, it rallied to id. per lb. This advance has not,
however, since been maintained, and the market closes to-
day at only id to jd per lb. above our last quotations. In
Brazils little has been done, and this little is at rather low
rates. In Surats there is no change.
A letter from Liverpool of the 25th, referring
to the state of the Cotton Market as discourag-
ing, says : The alarm among bankers is great,
(we may say excessive,) and all capitalists 'are
endeavoring to pull in as hard as they can."

At Brown's, in this 'city, on Sunday, the-26th March,
by the Rev. Mr. Tippet, Mr. JOHN HARRISON
both of Charles county, Md.

Schooner Ringgold, WescotI, Newbcrn, .N. C.; shingles to
Schooner Flowers, Thompson, Newheborn, N. C.; shingles to
P. Waters.
Schooner Margaret, Marsdon, Richmond; coal to Wash-
Schooner Washington, Rice, New York.

W ASH.INGTON LIB1AARY.-The Stockholders of
the, Washington Library will take notice 'that "i elec-
lion oF seven Directors will be held at the Library rooms on theli
first Mionday (3d day) of April next. Polls to be open from 3
o'clock to 6 o'clozlk P. M.
been appointed Judges of Election.
No Stockholder will be allowed to vote whoshallbe in arrears
to the institution. By order of the Board.
rnar 28-eo3t
1 0. 0. I} -The members of Washington Lodge,
No. 6, are requested to attend a meeting of the Lodge at th-Air
Hall on C street, for the purpose of electing officers for the en-
suing quarter, on Tuesday evening, March 28.
mar 28 JOS. SMITH, Secretary.
E ASTER BALL.--Carusi's Assembly Rooms.-
L. CARUSI respectfully gives notice that his large Sa-
loon will be prepared fr .the reception of visitors on Tuesday,
the 28th instant, being his Eighth Cotillion Party for the sea.
son. Those wishing to enjoy the festivity can purchase tickers
(at S1 each) at the Saoon, and at the door on the eveningof the
Ball. (Globe) mar 21-cotd
NOTICE.-Washington Branch
Raiiroad.-On anil after Saturday next,
the t.t of April, the hours of departure of
the evening train of Passenger Cars from
Baltimore andl Washington, respectively,
will be as follows, viz.
At half past-4 o'clock P. M., instead of quarter past 3 o'clock
P. M., as at present.
At three-quarters past 4 o'clock P. M., instead ofhalf past 3
o'clock P. M., as at present.
mar 28 (Glo. Reformer, Met. & Alex. Gas.)
OARDiIN.G.-Mrs. C. WOLFENDEN, on Pennsylva-
.nia avenue, directly opposite Todd's drug store, having
put her house in complete order, would be pleased to receive a
fbw summer boarders. (Globe) mar 28-eolw
SFor Sale.-On Tuesduy afternoon 28th instant, at 5
o'clock, in front of Brown's Hotel, I shall sell at auction, (if not
previously sold at private sale,) a very handsome Carriage, with
harness brass nmounted made in a superior manner to order, in
the latest fashion. With a pair of very fine, active, and well-
broken Bay Horses, 7 years old. EDWARD DYER,
mar 27- 2E Auctioneer.
W E want immediately a good Salesman. One who is sc-
q quainted with the citizens of this place would be pre-
war 28-3taw2w (Globe)
SALT AIF'lOAT.-30,000 bushels of St.. Ubes Salt, the
cargoes of the ships John Marshall and Maryland, for sale by
mar 20-dlw Alexandria.
slsubscriber, being deterinied to remove to t he West, will
sell all of his Real Estate-his Tavern Stand, in Rockville,
Montgomery county, Mdrl., known as the FARMERS' HOTEL.
The house is two stories high, built of brick, 40 feet front, 37
feet deep, back wing 40 feet-a well with a pump in itofexcel.
lent water in the yard. Stable 36 feet by 40, with two sheds o?
10 feet each. Also, a first-rate garden. This property is very
desirable, it being located on the north side of the public square,
and fronting the Court-.house, and one of the best stands in
the place.
Also, a lot of land containing 1| acres, with a building
ilireon. The house is a new one, 18 feet by 24, one and a half
itiries high, and built of the best materials, and tlhe land is in a
high state of cultivation, and well set in grass.
Also, a lot of ground lying ini tlie forks of the roads leading to
Washington nnd Georgetown, near the Ranan Catholic Church,
rontaining about 2 acres. This land, being in a high state of
cultivation, and well set in grass, would be an excellent situa-
tion for a butcher or gardener.
Any person wishing to purchase the above described property
or any part of it, can be shown the same by calling oni the sub-
scriber, at the Farmers' Hotel, Rockville, Montgomery county,
Maryland. F. KIDWELL.
N. B. Persons indebted to the subscriber will call and settle
their accounts immediately. F. K.
fetb tI-cptnmar3 I
ESTABLISHMENT.-The-advertiser, a graduate
of Trinity College, Dublin, a married iman, upwards of 40 years
orf age, wio has had more than twenty years' experience in clas-
sical instruction in the United States, and has.been Principalof
several academies in Virginia, wishes to obtain a situation in a
respectable seminary, in which hIis attention will be confined
exclusively to instruction in thie Greek and Roman languages
and literature. A liberal salary will be expected, anti satisfac-
tory testinonials of ability and moral character will be given
from some of ths most distinguished characters in the Union.
A healthy locatiot- in the State of Maryland, in the rneighbor-
hood of WVashington or Baltimore, will be preferred; but if suf-
ficient inducement is held out, the advertiser would move to
Charleston, South Carolina. His present engagement will'Fter-
minate in a few months, and hlie wishes to make his arrange-
nlents for a change as early as possible. Address, by mail, to
Q, teacher, Richlmond, Virginia. mar 9-eolm
TOTICE TO EMIGRANTS.-The subscriber, be-
.'I ing connected with the Pit'sburg lines ofsplendid Steam
Packets to Wheeling, Cincinnati, Louisville, and St. Louis, in
forms emigrauts froi-n Europe and the Eastern States, going
West, also those bound to Texas for the purpose of locating
themselves or colonizing on the lands belonging to the Colorado
or Red River Laud Cotipany, that lie lias made arrangement.
fir their reception immPediately on their arrival at his STiamboat
Stores, Water street, Wheeling, from whence they can be sent
on board without delay, subject to no charge whatever for ser-
vices rendered by the subscriber.
This arrangement is made in consequence of the difficulties
encountered in notbeing enabled to obtain mshelter-for themselve-
or a depot for their goods.
Editors in England, Ireland, and the ports ofembarkation if-
Germany, will pllromnote the interests of their countrymen by
inserting this notice. JOB STANBERY,
feb 2.3-eonlt .V Wheeling, Virginia.
N. B. 'Those bound to Texas will please call on Win. Bryan,
No. 36, Old Levee street, New Orleans.

JOTICE.-Tne subscriber wishes to exchange some va-
-L Inable LANDS in Louisiana, say 2000 acres, for Negroes.
The land is well adapwtd to the cultivation of cotton or sugar."
lie is also desirous to enter r into partnership, for the purpose of
cultivating cotton or stirar, with any one owning slaves vwh
nay wish to embark in that lucrative branch of iotdstry. For
fltrther information apply to G. WATTERSTON, Washington,
lmar 18-2naw4w New Orleans.
-rOTICE.-The C olaictorshipslor tle Washingto National
SMomnumtent Sociev in the following Statesand Territorie%
viz. New Hampshire, Rhode slalnid, Vermont, Maryland, Flored
da, South Carolina, Arkansas, louisiana, and Alabama, are at
present vacant. Persons desirous to act will make applientioO
to the subscriber, post paid. GEO. WATTERSTON.
mar 13--3wlaw Secretary.

MARCH 18, 1837. 5
"L IVE OAK TIMBER.---Sealed offers, endorsed
Ofersfor Live Oakfor smallvessels," will be received
at this oilice until 3 o'clock P. M. of the first day of July next,
for the supply of Live Oak Timber as follows, viz.
No. 1. For the frame timber anld keelson pieces, and tihe
promiscuous timber for one sloop of war, (small class,) to li e de-
livered at the Navy Yard, Charicstown, Malssachusetts.
No. 2. For the frame timber, keelson pieces, and the pro-
miscuous timber for one sloop of war, (small class,) anti one
smaller vessel, to be delivered at time Navy Yard, Brooklyn,
New York.
No. 3. For the frame timber, keelson pieces, and promiscu-
ous timber for one smaller vessel, to be delivered at the Navy
Yard, Philadtlphia.
No. 4. For the frame timber, keelson pieces, and promiscu-
ous timber for one sloop of war, (small class,) to be delivered at
the Navy Yard, Washington, District of Columbia.
No. 5. For the frame timber, keelson pieces, and promiseu-
ous timber for one sloop of war, (small class,) to be delivered at
the Navy Yard, Gosport, Virginia.
The quantity and dimensions of the promiscuouj timber for
each vessel of each class is aa follows :
For each loop of war, 1,500 cubic feet, which Must be sided
twelve incies, andl be from twelve to eighteen feet long; six of
the longest pieces to side sixteen inches.
For eactitsmull vessel, 800 cubic feet, which must be sided
eight inches, and be fironm ten to sixteen feet long; six of the
longest pieces to side twelve and a half inches.
A part ofthe promiscuous timber may be got to larger di-
mensions, provided thIe pieces will answerfor replacing defec-
tive hawse pieces, transonms, breast hooks, or other valuable
Separate offers must be made for cacrofthe preceding numn
hers, and each offer must embrace all the timber that is called
for by the number to which it refers ; the prices asked per cubic
foot must be stated separately for each and every class of vessels
embraced in the offer, and for the promiscuous timber of each,
*class separately from the other; all of which other is coiTsidered
anoulded timber.
The whole to be delivered before the first day of July, 1838,
and as much sooner as practicable.
The said Live Oak Timber must have grown within twenty-
five miles ofthe acabord, (which must be proven to the sutisfac-
tion of the respective cuommnfidants,) must be got out by the
moulds and written directions and specifications of dimensions,
&d. which will be furnished fo contractors fbrtheir government;
and must be free from all injuries and defects which may impair
the good quality of the said timber for the purposes-for which it is
required by contract, and be, in all respects, satisfactory to thee
commandants of the respective navy yards where it is delivered.
Bonds, with two good and responsible sureties, whoseb
names must be forwarded with the offers,) in the amountof one-
third the estimated value ofthe timber to be furnished under
the respective contracts, will be required; and, as collateralse-
curity for the faithful compliance with the terms, stipulations,
and conditions of the said contracts, ten per centum will lie re-
served from the actual amount of each payment which may he
made, from time to time, within thirty days after bills shall be i
duly approved and presented to the Navy Agents, until the said
contracts are completed and closed ; which reservations respec-
lively will be forfeited to the use and benefit of the United
States, in the event of failures to deliver the timber within the
respective periods prescribed by the contracts.
The moulds will be furnished to the contractors at one of the
Navy Yards, Brooklyn, Gosport, or Philadelphia.
't To be published twice a week, until 15th June next, in
the National Intelligencer, Globe, Eastern Argus, New Haump- i
shire Gazette, Commnercial Gazette, Boston Morning Post, New
York Times, New York Evening Post, Trenton Emporiunn,
Pennsylvanian, American Sentinel, Richmond Enquirer, Nor- o
folk Herald, Raleigh Star, Charleston Patriot, Georgian, Pen-
sacola Gazette, Lrnisiana Advertiser, Mobile Register. N
mar 21-2awtlSJ

OARDING.-Mrs. MOUNT, a few doors east of Mr.
Gadsby's Hotel, on Pennsylvania Avenue, is always pre-
pared f.r the reception nf boarders, either by the day, week,
month, or year. Citizens, as well as strangers, will find plea-
sant apartments, and comfortable accommodations, on thei
most moderate terns, arid she pledges herself to give every al -
tention. mar 16-co3t
TON.-NAVY PENSIONS.-The widow, or if no
widow, the children ofany officer,,seaman, or marine, who mn3
have died at any time and from any cause, while in the naval
service ofthe United States, is entitled ion pension, and Irom thbr
time of the death, a widow till her death or intermarriage, and
the children till the age of twenty-one years.. And in all such
cases, when a pension., has been granted that does not run back
to the death of the officer, seaman, or marine, arrears are due
on that account;, and when held tiy a child, five years' arrears
are now due or will become due, that is, from the former limita-
tion of sixteen years of age to lihe present extension oLticenty-
one years of age.
Anyofficer, seaman, or marine, who may at any time have
been disabled by wounds or injury while in the naval service, is
entitled to a pension front the dte of such wound or injury ;
and ifnot heretofore pensioned to that extent, is now entitled ti.
arrears on that account.
S Those having failed to make application, those having
applied and not succeeded, and those having obtained a pension
that does notrun back to the death or disability (as the case may
be) or, if a child, was restricted to the age of sixteen years,
should lose no time in ascertaining their right.
The undersigned having devoted much attention to this sub-
ject, and being now prepared to make his efforts beneficial to
claimants, invites them to transmit to him, forthwith, (post paid,)
a brief sketch of their ca-e, with a full power to adjust and re-
ceive in all cases of arrears in which a pension has been grant
ed, which shall have instant attention.
The undersigned, being wil known, deems it only necessary
to refer to members of Congress generally.
mar 11-d4l&law4w Washington City.
The Daily Advertiser, Portland, Maine, Portsmouth Jour-
nal, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, Boston Courier, Boston, Mas-
sachusetts, Now York American, New York, Poulson's Daily
Advertiser, Philadelphia, Baltimore Patriot, Norfolk Herald,
anti Charleston (S. C.) Courier, will copy the above, and send
accounts as above.
ACADEMY : GENTLEMEN : At this early date I re-
spectfully apprize you of my wish to dispense with the scholastic
portion of my labors, and my intention to resign the office o!
Prin ipal of the Rockville Academy on the 14th uf-April next,
which day will terminate a connexion with you, as a Boiid, for
-fifteen. years. In the anticipation of surrendering into your
hands the trust confided to me, I assure you, gentlemen, I have
great pleasure in the recollection that, during this-whole period,
no circumstance has ever occurred to interrupt, for a moment,
the harmony and friend.shipsubsisting between us. It is, more-
over, very gratifying to me, soon about to retire, to leave the
academy in a-highly prosperous condition, having nearly one
hundred pupils, witlihtwo competent, faithful, and effthcient teach-
ers in the Mathematicaland English departments. In the hope
that, under the direction of Divine Providence, you will be able
to select a Principal possessing the necessary qualifications and
weight of character for the highly responsible office, and with
my best wishes for the lasting prosperityof the institution under
your carol,
I am, with sincere regard, your obedient servant,
Rockville, Jan. 14, 1l37.
As it will be seen from the foregoing communication to the
trustees of the Rockville Academy, that the Principal, the Rev.
-John Mimes, lihas resigned thle office of Principal in that institu-
tion, a vacancy, therefore, has occurred; and the trustees wish
to engago a gentleman of high moral character, who can teach
Greek, Latin, the higher branches of Mathematics, Moral and
Natural Philosophy, and Geography, and who is thoroughly ac-
quainted with the duties of an academy. To such a one, the
-salary will be four hundred dollars per annum from the State of
Maryland, and the privilege of taking thirty-five scholars, each
of whom will pay twenty dollars a year for tuition. The trus-
tees would state that few villages hold out more inducements for
an academy than Rockville, The health of the place is not ex-
celled by any in the State, and the society is as good as that of
any village in the Union.
The undersigned committee will receive applications for the
situation of Principal until Wednesday, the 22d day of March
next, when an examination and election will take place. It is
expected that the Principal elect will enter upon his duties on
Monday, the 17thof April. All applications must be accompa-
nied with testimonials of character.
JOHN COOK, Committee.
P. S. Communications must be post paid.
mitr 1-2aw4w
TEN, (late of Baltimore,) having made this city his pernma-
nentre.idence,andlocated hisdwellingandoffice directlyopposite
to th e Department of State, will undertake, with his accustomed
zeal and diligence,.the settlement of claims generally; and
more particularly claims before Congress, against the United
States, or the several Departments thereof, and before any board
onf commissioners that may be raised for the adjustment of spo-
liation or other claims. He has now in charge the entire class
arising out oi French apoliations prior to the year 1800 ;
with rererente to which, insaddition to a mass ofdocuments and
proofs in hic, possession, he has access to those in the archives
.f thle Government.
Claimants and pensioners on the Navy fund, &c. bounty
lands, return duties, &c. &c. and those requiriin life insurance,
can hav their business promptly attended to by letter, (post
paid,) ar d thus relieve themselves from an expensive and incon-
venient personalattendance..
Having obtained ac commission of Notary Public, ihe is prepar-
ed to furnish legalized copies of any required public documents
or other papers. He has been so long engaged in the duties of
an agent, that it can only be necessary now to say that economy
and prompt intention shall be extended to all business confided
to his care; and that, to enable him to render his services and
facilities more efficacious, lie hlias become familiar with all the
forms of office. teb 26-ly

MARCH 18, 1837. s
L IVE OAK TIMBER.-Sealed proposals will be re-
ceived at this office until three o'clock P. M. of the 1st
day of July next, for the supply of Live Oak Titmher, as fol-
lows :
No. 1. For the frame timber, beam and keels-on pieces, and
for the promiscuous timber which mny be directed, obr one ship
of the line, one frigate, tvwo sloops of war, (one of .h1. 1. .,
and onn e smaller vessel ; to be-delivered at the -,. A .',.
near Portsmouth, N. H.
No. 2. For the frame timber, beam and keel-on pieces, and
for the promiscuous timber which may Ibe directed, for cne ship
of the line, one frigate, and one steamer: tt. be delivered at the
NVary Yard at Charlestown, Massachuscttls.
No. 3. For the fame timber, beam and keelson pieces, and
for the promiscuous timber which nmay be directed, for one ship
of the line, one sloop, of war, large class, oe small vessel and
one steamer: to be delivered atthe Navy Yard, Charlestown,
No. 4. For the frame timber, beam and keelson pieces, and
for the promiscuous timber which may be directed, for one ship
of thie line, one frig ate, an one leamaier : to be delivered at thie
Navy Yard, Brooklyn, V. Y.
No. 5. For the frame timriber, beam and keelson pieces, and
for the promiscuous timber which may be directed, for oneshipl
of the line, one sloop of war, large class, and one sl eauer : toba
delivered at the Navy Yard, Brooklyn, N. Y.
No. 6. For the frame timber, beam and keelson pieces, and
for the promiscuous timber Ihich nmay be directed, for two
sloops of war, small class, and two steamers : to be delivered at
time Navy Yard at Philadelphia.
The quantity and dimensions of thIe promiscuous timber for
each vessel, of each class, is as follows:
For each ship of the linae 6,000 cubic feet; which must be
sided 15 inches, and be from 12 to 20 feet in length, six of the
longest pieces to side 22 inches.
For each frigate 3,000 cubic feet; which must be sided 15
inches, and be from 12 to 20 feet long, six of the longest pieces
to side 19 inches.
For each sloop of.war 1,500 cubic feet; which must be sided
12 inches, aid be from 12 to IS feet long, six of the longest pie-
ces to side 16 inches.
For each steamer 1,,500 cubic feet; which must be sided 15
inches, and be from 12 to 18 feet long, six of the longest pieces
to side 16 inches.
For each small vessel S00 cubic feet; lwhicli must be sided 8
inches, and he from 10 oto 16 feet long, six of the longest pieces
to side 121 inches.
A part ofthe promiscuous timber may be got to larger dimen-
sions, provided the pieces will answer for replacing defective
hawse pieces, transoms, breast liooksd, or other valuable pieces.
-Separate offers minust be made for each of lithe preceding nuntm-
bers ad eich offer must embrace all lthe limber that is called
for by the number to which it refers ; the prices asked per cu-
bic foot must be stated separately for ach mind every class of
vessels embraced in the offer, and for the promiscuous limber
of each class separately from the other; all of which other is
considered moulded timber.
At least one-fourth of the whole quantity of timber embraced
n each offer, comprising a fair proportion of the most valuable
pieces, must be delivered on or before, thel last of March, 1839;
one-halfof tlhe remainder on or before the last of March, 1340;
and the whole quantity on or before the last of March, 1841; and
if the above proportions shall not ba delivered at the respective
times above specified, the Commissioners of the Navy reserve to
themselves the right of cancelli:g any contract, in the execution
of which such failure may occur, and of entering into new con-
tracts, holding the original contractors and their sureties liable
for any excess of cost, and other damages, which may be thus
The said live oak timber'must have grown within twenty-five
miles of the seabord, (which must be proven to time satisfaction
if the respective Commandants,) must be got out by the moulds
mnd written directions, and specifications of dimensions, &c.
,which witl be furnished to the contractors for their government,
and must be free from all injuries and defects which unay impair
the good quality of the sald timber for the purposes fur which it
is required by contract, and be in all respects satisfactory to the
Commandants of thie respective navy yards where it is deliv-
Bonds, with two good and responsible sureties (whose names
must be forwarded with the offers) in the amount of one-third
tho estimated value of the timber to be furnished under the res-
pective contracts, will he required; and, as collateral security
for the faithful compliance with the terms, stipulations, and con-
ditions of thie said contracts, ten per centum will be reserved
from the actual amount of edch payyment which may be made
from time to time, within thirty days after bills shall bhdily ap-
proved and presented to the Navy Agent, until the said con-
racts are completed and closed ; which reservations, respect-
vely, will be forfeited to the use and benefit of the United
States, in the event of failures to deliver the timber within the
respercive periods prescribed.
The moulds will be furnished to the contractors at ,me of the
navy yards, Brooklyn, Gosport, or Philadelphia.
To be published twice a week, umtil the 151h of June next, in
the National Intelligencei', Globe, Eastern Argus, New Hamp-
shire Gazette, Boeton Morning Post and Commercial Gazette,
New York Times, New York Evening Post, Trenton Empori-
nm, Pennsylvanian, American Sentinel, Richmond Enquirer,
Norfolk Herald, Raleigh Star, Charleston Patriot, Georgian,
Pensacola Gazette, Louisiana Advertiser, and Mobile Register.
mar 21-2awtl5J

EW &S BEAUTIFUL BOOKS just received.
The Pictorial Album, or Cabinet of Paintings ; containing
eleven designs, executed in oil colors, by G. Baxtei ; some-
thing new and very splendid.
Harding's Port Folio, containing 24 splendid colored plates.
Finden's Gallery of Graces, a series of 36 portrait illustra-
tions, in style similar to the Beauties of Byron.
For .-a!ce by GARRET ANDERSON,
mar 22-3t Penn. avenue, between llth and 12th sts.
N EW NOV ELS.-The Youthful Impostor, by G.W.M.
Reyolds.i -
Traits and Trials of'Early Life, by L. E. L.
New supply of Pickwick Papers.
This day received and for sale by
mar 22-3t Penn. avenue, between I tIh and. 12th sts.
R. BIRD'S NEW NOVEL, Nick of the Woods, a
Tale of Kentucky, in 2 vols. just published, and this day
received, for sale by F. TAYLOR, or for circulation among the
subscribers to the Waverly Circulating Library.
Also, new edition of Henrietta T'1 mple.
Life in Paris, or, The Rambles of Dick Wildfire, 2 vols.
Delicate Attentions, and other Tales, by Paul Pry.
mar 22
The Nick of the Woods, or the Jibbenainosay; a tale of Ken-
tucky, by Dr. Bird ; in 2 vo!s.
Godolphin, a novel, second edition.
Traits and Trials of Early Life, by Miss Landon.
The Youthful Impostor, by G. W. Reynolds.
Life in Paris, or the Rambles and Sprers of Dick Wildfire.
Paul Pry's Delicate Attentions, and other Tales.
mar 22-3t In the Athenmium.
ft FOR RENT, the two-story Brick House in the
vicinity of the City Hall, now in the occupancy oh"
S Mr. John II. Noyes. The house is new and lately
been handsomely papered, has a carriage-house and stable at-
tached, and a neat yard with paved walks-rent $150. 'Pos-
session given immediately. Apply to
mar 16-eo6t City Hall.
S The subscriber wishes to rent his extensive Wharf
1 and Warehouse, on the Eastern Branch. It is well
calculated for the lumber, wood, coal, and grain business; like-
-wise for storing a large quantity of lime, there being ample ac-
commodation for the whole. The warehouse is two stories
high, 30 by 70 feet.
Any person wishing to go into the above business will doii,
well to examine the same. The rent will be made uncommon-
ly low. Possession may be had immediately.
The Alexandria Gazette will please copy the above, and send
their account to G. C.
EDW NOVELS.-Just received from the publishers-
Nick of the Woods, or Jibbenainosay, a tale of Kentucky,
by the author of Calavar, the Infidel, &c.
Life in Paris, or the Rambles and Sprees of Dick Wildfiroe and
Paul Pry's Delicate Attentions, and other tales.
Book, stationery, and fancystore, Penn. Avenue, between I Itli
and 12th streets. mar 22-3t
ENRIETTA TEMPLE, &c.-A new supply, with
The Fourth Way of Living-Living without Means, is
just received and for sale at
Book, stationery, and fancy store, Penn. Avenue, between
1 lth and 12lh streets. mar 22-3t
L Hansomely bound in one and two volumes.
For sale at GAlrRETr ANDERSON'S
Book stationery, and fancy store, Penn. Avenue, between
I lth and 12th streets. mnar 22-3t
c Tanner, just published, (l 83i7,) is Ithe largest and most
perfect and correct Map of Texas in existence. This dayy re-
ceived, and for sale by
Smart 22 P. TAYLOR.
Sterinof time Rev. Lemuel Huynas, A. MI. by T. M. Cooley,
D.D. wihli Introductory Remaiks, by Win'X 1. Spragiue, D. D.
Pridau:x's Coinexions, 2 vols. with imaps and plates.
Srumuns of tlhe Rev. James Saurin, from the last Loud n edi-I
tion, containing one hundmredl Sermons.
Just received, and for sale by -
mar 8 Penn. Avenue, between llthanud 12th sts.

Under the act entitled An. act to carry into effect a Conven-
tion between the United States and Spain."

OrFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONERS (under the above act,)
Washington, February 8, 1837.
"lP1E Board; having considered and disposed of all the- mc-
morials before it,'lias passed ihe following Orders:
1. Ordered, That all persons having claims to be presented
to this Board, memorials for which have not been filed with the
Secretary, or which, being filed, have not been received by the
Board at its present session, by reason of defects in the same,
do file memorials of their said claims with the Secretary, on or
before the 22d day of May next; after which day no new me-
morial will be received, unless upon good cause shown why ihe
same was not filed, as heretofore required; and that each of the
said memorials, so required to be filed, be prepared and verified
in conformity to th -orders of this Board, of the 30th dayi'of
July, S136.
2. Ordered, That the memorials which have been received
by the Board at its present session be set down on the 22d day
of May next for examination, upon the proofs filed with the Se-
cretary previously to that period ; and that all memorials that
shall hereafter be presented and received by the Board, shall
be set down at the expiration of three months thereafter, (unless
good cause be shown to the contrary,) for examioalion.
3. Ordered, That in the case of every memorial in which the
clahimant intends to submit an argument to thie Board, such ar-
gument shall be fied with tie Secretary before or on the day
his memorial shall be set down for examination; and no proof,
argomenil, or other document shall be received after the memo-
rial is set down bor examination, except by special leave of the
Board ; and no paper sshill be withdrawn after being filed, with-
out such leave.
And, that time may be allowed to claimants to prepare and file
their memorials, ais above directed, procure their proofs, and
prepare their cases bfor examination, it is further
Ordered, That when the Board shall adjourn to-day, it will
adjourn to meet again on the 22d day of May next.
LOUIS 1). HIENRY, Commnissioner.
By JOHN I. MUMFORD, Secretary.
g_ The following are thOe DOrDrs of the 30th July, 1836,
to which reference is made above :
Notice to claimants under the act entitled An act to carry into
effect a Convention between the United States and Spain. -
The Commissioner under the above act having this day
adopted the following Orders, they are published for the infer-
mation of claimants:
Ordered, That all persons having claims under the Conven-
tion between the United States and Spain, concluded at Madrid
on the 17th day of February, 1834, which are to be received.
by the Board, do file a memorial of the same with the Secretary
of this Board, to the end that they may hereafter be duly ex-
amined, and the validity and amount thereof be decided upon
according to the merits of the several cases, and the suitable
and authentic testimony concerning them which may be furnish-
ed in support thereof. The said memorial must be addressed to
this Board; it must set forth minutely and particularly the va-
rious facts and circumstances whence the right to prefer
such claim is derived ; it must be verified by the affidavit of
the claimant.
Anud, in order to prevent unnecessary delay, and to expedite
the business of this Board, it is further
Ordered, That all the proof necessary and sufficient to sup-
port the respective claims aforesaid be filed with the Secretary
of the Board at the time of filing the respective memorials
thereof, or on or before the first Monday of December next, to
which day this Board will adjourn.
And, in order that claimants may be informed of what is now
considered by the Coommnissioner as essential to be averred and
established before any such memorial can be received by this
Board, it is further
Orde-ed, That each claimant shall declare, in his said me-
mnorial for and in behalf of whom the said' claim is-preferred, and
whether the amount thereof, and of any part thereof, if allowed,
does now, and at the time when the said chaim arose, did be-
long solely and absolutely to the said claimant, or to any other,
anid, if any other, what person ; and in cases ofclaimspreferred
for the benefit of any other than the claimant, the memorial to
be exhibited must further set forth when, why, and by what
means, and for what consideration, such other hlias become en-
titled to the amount, or any part of the amount, of said claim.
The memorial required to be exhibited by all claimants must
also set forth and certainly declare whether the claimant, as well
as any other for whose benefit the claim is preferred, is now,
and at the time when the said claim arose, was a citizen of the
United States of America; where lie is now, and at the time
the said claim arose was, domiciliated ; and, if any, whatchange
of domiciliation-has since taken place.
The said memorial minust also set forth whether the claimant,
or any other who may have been at any time entitled to the
amount claimed, or any part thereof, hath ever received any,
and, ifany, what sum of money, or other equivalent or indem-
nification, by way of insurance or otherwise, for loss or injury
sustained, satisfaction for which is therein asked ; and, if any
such paymnent-or indemnification has been made, to set forth
when and from whom time same wasxreceived.
LOUIS D. HENRY, Comnmissioner.
By JOHN I. MUMFORD, Secretary.
4 All communications relative to claims under the above act
must be addressed to the Secretary, at Washington.
mar 7-lawt'2dMay
W ENDELL'S DIGEST of Cases decided and re-
ported in the Supreme Court of Judicature, and in the
Court for the correction of Errors, in the State of New York,
from May, 1828, to May, 1835, with Tables of the names of the
Cases reported, and of Cases determined in thle Court for the
correction of Errors, from the commencement of the Reports
in the State of New York, until January, 1835, by John L.
Wendell, Counsellor at Law, in 1 volume, is just published,
'and this day received for sale by
feb 13 F. TAYLOR.

In Prince George's county Court, as a Court of
Equity-February Term, 1837.
Henry Mitchell,

Mary Ann Mitchell and others.
T HE object of this suit is to obtain a decree for the convey-
ance of part of a tract of land called Mitchell's Adven-
ture." The original bill states that a certain Tilghman Mit-
chell, being seized in fee of a tract of land called Mitchell's
Adventure, conveyed the same unto a certain Thomas L. Mit-
chell, with power to dispose of it for his benefit; that said land
was patented to Tilghman, and held by him individually ; that
Singleton Mitchell having defrayed one-half of the expensesof
said patent, a deed for his part vwas executed by thesaid Thomas
to tlie said Singleton, with the consent of the said Tilghman ; .and
that Singleton hath since conveyed the same to a certain Hen-
ry Mitchell; that Tilghman and Thomas have sold the balance
of said land to a certain Mary Ann Prather, formerly Butler,
and executed a bond of conveyance-to her for the same ; that
Rather and wife have assigned the said bond to a certain Lib-
burn Mitchell, who hath since transferred the same to the said
Henry Mitchell; that thie whole of the purchase minoney for tihe
same has been paid by the said Hilenry, excepting $100, with
same interest for which the said Tilghman holds his single bill,
and which he is ready to pay when he can obtain title to tihe
said land. The supplemental bill e states te substance of the
original bill, and also that an decree was passed by Prince
George's county Court, at November term, 1836, against tihe
said Tilghman, for the conveyance of said land ; that, before
the said decree was rendered, the said Tilghman died, leaving
the following heirs, to wit: Mary Ann, wife of the said Tilgh-
man Mitchell, and Sarah Mitchell, Rebecca Mitchell, John Al-
exander Mitchell, Maria Ellen Mitchell, and Thomas Morti-
more Mitchell, minors under twenty-one years of age, and who
reside in thie State of Ohio. It is thereupon ordered by Prince
George's county Court, sitting as a Court of Equity, this 14th
day of February, 1837, that the complainant, by causing a copy
of this order to be inserted in some newspaper published in
WVashitgton city once a week for four successive weeks before
thie first Monday of April next, give notice to the said absent
defendants, Mary Ann Mitchell, Sarah Mitchell, Rebecca Mit-
chell, John Alexander Mitchell, Maria Ellen Mitchell, and
Thomas Mortimorc Mitchell, of thie object and substance of the
original and supplemental bill, and warn them to be and appear
in this Court, in person or by guardian, on or before the second
Monday in July next, to answer the premises, and show cause,
if any they have, why a decree should not pass as prayed.
True copy-Test; A. BEALL,
feb 21-w4w Clerk.
A ARON BURR.-Just received, and for sale,-a newsup-
ply of the Memoirs of Aaron Burr, by
Penn. Av. between 11th & 12thstreets.
nued.-Just opened by F. TAYLOR-
Middiman's Views in Great Britain, I vol. quarto.
Life of Ali Pacha, illustrated with large colored plates, 1 vol.
Major's Cabinet Gallery of Pictures of the First Masters of
the English and Foreign Schools, 2 vols. filled with engravings,
with remarks by Allan Cunningham.
Stanfield's Coast Scenery of the British Channel.
English Spy, 2 volumes, filled with colored engravings.
Filtslhry's Holy Land, quarto engravings.
Italian Scenery, 1 large folio volumno of plates.
Nicholson on Masonry and Stone-cutting; plates.
Splendid Albums, with engraving-.
Naval Albumn, filled with nautical engravings.
Merigot's Views and Ruins in Rome ; large quarto volume,
with splendid colored engravings.
Naturalist's Library, containing beautifully colored plates of
various stilijects of natural history.
All for sale unusually low. mir 3
In Chliarles CouniLty Court, August Term, 1836.
N the matter of the petition of Leonard L. Robey and Delia,
his wife, ad others, for the cvOision of the real estate whereof
Edward Thomas died seized : Ordered by the Court that the
return ofthecommnissioness in this case be ratified and confirm-
ed, nless.causes to the contrary be shown by the third Monday
in March next:a Provided a copy of this order he inserted in
some newspaper published in the District of Columbia once in
each of three suncessice weeks before the third Monday in
March next, giving notice to the heirs absent out of the State of
Maryland of this order. EDMUND KEY.
True copy. Te l: JOHN BARNES,
feb 25-w3w Clerk Charles County Court.


P ROPOSALS will be received at-this office until the Istday
of May next, for eight hundred cords of Pine Wood, to be
delivered at the Navy Yard in this city on or before the first day
of October next. The wood must be well-seasoned and of good
quality, and may be delivered from tiute to time as soon as the
contractor may think proper to deliver it.
Ten per centum will be withheld from the amount of each
delivery until the contract is fully complied with, in addition to
the bond and sureties given for the faithful performance of the
8.'- To be published three times a week in the National Intel-
ligencer, Globe, and Richmond Enquirer. mar 22
NAVY CommissoNErns' OFFICE,
M ARCHe 23, 1837;.
A SHI TIMBER.-Sealed proposals, endorsed Propo-
sals for Ash Timber,",will be received at this office un-
til 3 o'clock P.I I. o the first of May next, for furnishing at
the Navy Yard, VWashington, (onehialf by tihe first of Decem-
ber next, and the other half by the first of June, eighteen hun-
dred and thirty-eight, or as much earlier as the contractor may
choose,) twelve thousand cubic feet of' White Ash Timber, to
be of the following dimensions, viz..
The whole to bu in logs of from twelve to eighteen feet in
length ; one-fifth of the whole quantity to be sixteen inches
diameter; one-fifth twenty inches; one-fifilhtwenty-six inches;
one-fifth thirty inches ; and one-fifth thirty-six inches in di-
The whole must be perfectly sound and free from all defects,
suliject ito the inaspectionm and measurement of persons appointed
by the cominandantof the yard, and in all respects to his entire
Personas wishing to offer must offer for at least half the quan-
tity, and state the price asked per cubic foot.
Payments will be made within thirty days after the whole
quantity ics delivered, and approved bills presented to the Navy
Bonds, with two sureties in one-third-the estimated amount
of the contract, will be required for its faithful performance.
To be published twice a week till first of May next in the
National Intelligencer, Globe, Army and Navy Chronicle, New
York Times, Pennsylvanian, Baltimore Republican, Richmond
Enquirer, and Norfolk Beacon. mar 25
I TOWN c-By virtue of a decree of the Circuit Court of
the District of Columbia, made in the case of Edson & Scott
against the administratrix and heirs at law of John Shaw, the
subscriber will sell, at public auction, on Friday, the'28th day
of April next, the following valuable real estate in Georgetown,
and District of Columbia, viz.
The large throo-story brick store and dwelling at the corner
of Market Space and Cherry street, with the lot of ground on
which it stands, measuring forty by forty-one feet, fronting on
the south side of the canal. Attention is particularly invited to
this property.
Also, two handsome two-story brick dwellings, fronting on
the east side of Potomac street, between Bridge and Prospect
streets. They are quite new, and will be sold separately, with
the ground attached.
Also, a lot of ground at the southeast corner of Water street
and Cecil alley, formerly the property of John McPherson, with
the frame buildings thereon. All this property will be sold free
of taxes and dower. The title is considered good.
Terms of sale : One-fifth of the purchase money is to be paid
in cash on the day of sale, or in five days thereafter ; the re-
sidue in three equal instalments, at six, twelve, and eighteen
months, with interest from the day of sale, the purchasers to
give their bonds, with approved security, for said instalments.
If the terms of sale be not complied with within ten days after
the day of sale, the Tiustee reserves to himself the right to re-
sell the property of the defaulting purchaser, at his risk and
cost, after a reasonable notice.
The sale will commence in front of the first mentioned house
and house and lot, at 4 o'clock P. M. and continue from lotto lot
until all has been sold.

mar 23-3tawtds


E-UROPEAN AGENCY.-The undersigned intends
to leave Pittsburg on the 1st day of March next, and sail
from New York on thle 1st day of April, on an eighteenth tour
through every part of England, Scotland, and Ireland, as a Gene
ral Agent, for the purpose ofattending to such business as he
may be desirous of transacting. He intends to return to Pitts-
burg about the I st of December, 1837.
The agents and friends ofthe subscriber, and the Public, are
respectfully requested not to forward any documents or papers
relating to any claims or business, until the same is first explain-
ed and approved, after which, instructions will be given.
Money-remittances made as usual to France, Holland, Ger-
many, Switzerland, Italy, &c. &c. Every information connected
with the Agency may be obtained, by post paid letters, address-
jan 5-eoc&d20t European Agent, Pittsburg, Pa.
ed.-Engraved from the Government surveys, on a
scale which covers six square feet, exhibiting the sections, &c.
and pointing out the woodland, prairies, marshes, bottom lands,
&c. &c. Also, the internal improvements, distance between
towns, post offices, &c. &c. in a style of perfection and accuracy
never attempted before with any of the Western States. Is
just received and for sale by F. TAYLOR, in a portable form,
for the pocket, at the Waverly Circulating Library, immedi-
ately east of Gadsby's Hotel. jan 1
SONRY.-An exposition of the Religious Dogmas and
Customs of the Ancient Egyptians, Pythagoreans, and Druids,
&c. &c.
Also, of the Origin, History, and Purport of Freemnat nrmy, by
John Fellows, A. M. in one- volume, is just received, for sale by
F. TAYLOR. mar 13
A AW OF PATENTS, by Willard Phillips, including
L the remedies and legal procedings in relation to patent
rights, in one volume, is just published, and this day received
for sale by P. TAYLOR.
HIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
lhas obtained from the Orphans' Court of Charles county,
in the State of Maryland, letters of administration on the personal
estate of Benedict Jameson, late of said county, deceased. All
persons having claims against the said deceased are hereby
warned to exhibit the same, with the proper vouchers thereof,
to the subscriber on or before the first day of January, 1838;
they may otherwise, by law, be excluded from all benefit of the
said estate. Persons indebted to the estate are requested to
make immedrliate paymentU
mar 17-wfiw Bryantown, Charles co. Md.
SILESIAN BEET SEED.-A quantity of this genu-
S ine Seed has been received from the Philadelphia Beet
Sugar Society, together with the report of their agent, Mr. Ped-
der. The former is foi-" sale at 75 cents the pint, the latter at
25 cents, by F. TAYLOR, who has been requested to under-
take the sale of it in Washington city.
An additional supply of Chaptal's Agricultural Chemistry is
nst received.
Also, Sir Hunphrey Davy's Agricultural Chemistry
Porter on the Sugar Cane:
A variety of works on the Silk-worm, the Mulberry, and the
making of Silk ; also, on the Vine, and making of Wine.
Secretary WVoodbury's work oi Cotton ; and a fine collection
of the best works, generally, on Agriculture, Husbandry, Gar-
dening, Botany, &c. &., in all their branches, mar 2
UPERIOR STATION ERY.-Thesubscriber has on
S hand fomn recent purchases-
400 reams best American an d English Letter Paper
100 do Cap Paper
100 do Domi and Medium Paper
40 do Folio Post
100 do Envelope Paper
C0,000 Quills
10 gross Inks in quart, pint, and hallf-pint bottles
200 pounds best American and English Sealing Wax
100 do Wafers
360 dozen Office Tape
500 cards most approved Steel Pens
20 gross best Lead Pencils
500 pieces India Inka
24 dozen Mouth Glue
28 do Cut Glass Inks, for office use
800 pounds of superior Black Sand
With an extensive assortment of Ivory Folders
Letter Stamps, Wafer, Pounce, and Sand Boxes
Paper Weights, Rulers
Blotting, Tracing, and Drawing Paper
And every other article in the Stationery line, all of which
will be sold on better terms than articles of similar quality cat
be obtained elsewhere. Orders promptly executed at Station-
ers' Hall. W. FISCHER.
N EW LAW BOOKS.-Sugden on Vendors, new edi-
tion, improved and enlarged, 2 volumes in I ; Kent's
Commentaries, new edition ; Chiitty on Bills, Sth edition, just
pUblished ; Rtussell on Crimes, just published ; Fontblanque's
Equity, 4th editions; Wendell's Digest of New York Repo ts;
Bland's Chancery Reports, 1836 ; Story's Equity ; Rosroe on
Criminal Evidence ; Starkie on Evidence, 1837 ; Beck's Me-
dical Jurispruidence, new edition, 2 vols. ; Williams's Medical
Jurisprudence, I vol. price 75 cents.
The above are just unpacked, and for sale by F. TAYLOR,
who offers for sale an extensive assortuient of Law Books at
prices as low s they can be purchased for any where in the
United States. Ils supply lihas been purchased, not from other
booksellers or publishers, but chiefly at thie Northmern spring
and fall trade sales, t the sme times ani arid prices with all the
Northern bookselling-houses; and supposing that hlie can afford
to sell at as liw an m advance .rs any one, the advertiser with
great confidence invites a comparisonbetween his prices and
tlosc of any city in thie United SuItes.
lundivilduals wisl.in to pIurchase may sauve themselves some
expense and risk of transportation, by examining into this point
for themselves, before sending their orders to the North. Ap-
ply at the WIaverly Circulating Library, immediately east of
Gadsby's Hotel. fel 16 ,

F ERESHI SPRING GOODS.-The subscriber having
taken the store lately occupied by W. Stettinius, offers to
til Public an entire fresh stock of seasonable Dry Goods, con-
sisting in part as follows :
Superfine Cloths, Cassimeres, and Cassinets
Black Italian Lutestring, black and blue Poult de Sois
Plaiuand figured Gro de Naps, Satins
French worked Capes and Collars
Thread Lace Edgings and Insertings
Painted Muslins, Lawns, Shallietts, Ginghams and Calicoes
Linen Cambrics, linen cambric, sea-grass and silk Hdkfs
Fancy silk and gauze Handkerchiefs
Blonde gauze Veils
Dotted Thule, assorted colors, Bobbinets
Fine French Bombasins, Irish Linens, Lawns
Damask, Bird's-eye and RussiaDiaper, brown Holland
Cambric, book and Swiss Muslins, Bishop's Lawns, &c.
Silk and cotton Hosiery
Ladies' and gentlemen s kid, silk, thread, and cotton Gloves
Domestic, bleached, and brown do
With a great variety of other articles, to which he would in-
vite the attention of the Public, as they will he sold unusually
2 cases plain Straw Bonnets
2 do Grecian do do
2 do Tuscan do
2 do Rolio do
2 do misses' Tuscan de
3 do fancy do
mar 10-eolOt A. W. TURNER.
7 THE subscribers hlive received and are now opening their
Spring stock of BOOTS, SHOES, &c. among which are
the following, viz.
1000 pairs Ladies' black morocco and kid Slippers,
1000 do do seal do
1000 do do do Walking Shoes,
1000 do common, sewed, and pegged welted,
5000 do.Misses' morocco, kid, and seal Slippers,!
500 do do do Boots,
5000 do Children's morocco, kid & seal Boots & Ankle Ties,
500 tdo Infants' kid,
3000 do Gentlemen s calf, morocco, and seal, sewed, pegged,
and nailed Boots,
2000 do calf and seal Bootees,
.1000 do Unions and Van Burens,
1000 do Jackson Ties,
2000 do kip and split Brogans,
2000 do coarse Brogans,
1000 do Boys' pegged Bootees,
2000 do Youths' do
1000 do Men's fine seal heel Pumps
1000 do do spring heel Pumps.
100 dozen prime French Calf Skinls,
100 do do Morocco,
50 do do Kid,
100 do Philadelphia Morocco and Kid,
200 sides Covering Leather for Coachmakers,
100 do Patent Leather do
200 do fine grain do do
100 do handsome Light Skirting.
We shall be receiving, every week through the season, fresh
stock from the manufacturers, all of which has been selected by
ourselves, and bought on terms that will enable us to sell as
low as any other house south of Boston.
7th street, opposite National Intelligencer office.
mar 8-coS't
" OR SALE, two valuable house and kitchen Female
Al Servants, one thirty-eight, the other fifteen years of age.
Also, two Boys, one eleven, the other six years of age.
The above servants will be sold for term of years. They
are sprightly and intelligent, and also of a good complexion.
They are perfectly honest, nothing inducing me to sell but that
of my intention to go West.
Also, the House and Lot now occupied by me will be sold
very cheap. RICHARD H. DAY,
mar 16-eo2w Bladensburg, Md.
A TEACHER WANTED.-We wish to engage a
young man who is well qualified to teaeh the Latin and
Greek languages; also, all the other branches of an English
education. One who can come well recommended can obtain
a situation. We wish him to take charge of the school about
the 1st day of April, and we are willing to pay a fair compensa-
tion for the services of one that will suit. The number of scho-
lars will be from sixteen to twenty.
Letters addressed to either of the undersigned will be an-
swered immediately. WILLIAM STEPHENSON,
feb 28-2awtf Near Winchester, Va.
200 pairs Este's French Morocco Slippers at $1 50
300 do McMullin's Kid and Morocco do at 81 25
200 do Misses' do do do do at $1 00
1000 do Women's Seal and Morocco Jefferson and do
at 61.
With a general assortment of children's and other Shoes.
mar 20-eo5t A. W. TURNER.
]ILK HOSIERY.-We have this day opened our fresh
importation of Hosiery.
50 blue-black English silk Hose
50 jet do do do
50 white silk do
50 black raw silk do
50 black English Hose
50 gentlemen's black raw silk do.
40 dozen gentlemen's best kid Gloves
40 do do silk do
100 do ladies' superfine kid do
1 case very rich figured Silks.
mar 14-3-taw3w BRADLEY & CATLETT.
-RS. TYTE, from London begs to acquainttlhe vi-
.v- sisters and residents of Washington, that she has just ar-
rived with an elegant assortment of the newest and most FASH-
IONABLE MILLINERY, consisting of Bonnets, Head Dress-
es, Caps, Flowers, Feathers, &c., which are opened for sale,
on Pennsylvania Avenue, between Ninth and Tenth streets, one
doorjrom Varnum's Row.
Il- Straws and Leghorns cleaned and altered to the newest
fashions. dec 20-eotf
-EGROES FOR SALE.-The subscriber has four
L-likely young Negroes, which he wishes to sell for a term
of years, viz. one girl, 18 years of age next June ; one boy, 15
in July next; one ditto, 13 in June next, and one other boy, 10
years old in November next. They are all negroes of good
qualities, and are not to be sold for any fault.
Any one wishing to purchase such will do well to call at the
subscriber's residence, four miles from Washington,. on the
south of the turnpike road leading to Bladensburg, where they
may be seen at any time.
mar 15-eo2w JOHN VEITCH.

- ALEXANDER, TUpolsterer & Paper Hanger,
qj. respeetfuly informs his friends and the Public generally
that he has just received his Spring' assortment of PAPER
HANGINGS, consisting of 2000 pieces of paper of the latest
pattern and newest style, with velvet and common borders, as-
sorted. Besides his stock, he has also a very handsome assort-
mnent of Gildings and Cornices of every description, Beds,
Mattresses, Pillows, Bolsters, Cots, &c. &c. Every order in
his line will be attended to immediately. The whole of it will
be sold cheap for cash, or on time to punctual customers.
Two Apprentice Boys in the above line wanted immediate-
ly. No one need apply without g-od recommendations.
mar 9-eoIlm
respectfully invites the Citizens and Strangers to call at
Stationers' Hall and examine one of (Messrs. Chickering & Co.
of Boston) the most elegant and best Piano Fortes ever offered
for sale in the District. The price for it is $525. Packed free
of cost. (Tel) mar 8-
and Latin Classics, in the original.-P. TAYLOR
has just imported a large addition to his former collection of
classics, making his collection of this class oif literature much
more extensive and complete than is to be found generally in
the bookstores of this country.
The following comprise only a part of the collection, which is

too voluminous for the limits of an advertisement; they will be
sold as low in all cases as they can be found any where in this
Florus, Dio Cassius, 4vols. Appiani Opera, 4 vols.
Theophrastus, Herodianus, Polybius, 4 vols.
Palingenii Zodiacus, Pomponius, Pliny, 5 vols.
Velleius, Aurelius Victor, JEschinis, Marcus Antonius
Justinian, Arriani Anabasis, Anacreon
Corpus Fabularum, Isaeus, Plato, 8 vols.
Aristotle, 16 vols. Dinysius, (of Halicarnassus,) 6 vols.
Plutarchi Moralia, 6 vols. Diodorus Siculus, 6 vols.
Demosthenes, 5 vols. Seneca, 5 vols.
Diogenis Laertii, 2 vols.
Qdintus Tryphiodorus Izetzes et Colvth, Apollodonrs
Curtius, Fabulie ]Esopoicnv, Gnoomici, Lucretius
Eutropius, Isocrates, 2 vols.
Phaiedri, Aviani, nt Faerni Fabule, Apolloniua, Lysias
)Elianus, Parsanius, 3 vols. Lncian, 4 vols.
Strabo, 3 vols. Isocrates, 2 vols.
Erasmus, 2 vols. Virgil, Sophocles
Sallust, Cornelius Nepos, Demoslhenes, 5 vols.
Thucydides, 2 vols. Homer, 4 vols. Livy, 6 vols.
Cicero 10 vols. Euripides, 4 vols. Ovid, 3 vols.
Juvenal and Persius,Phimdrus, Horace, Xenophon, &c.

-'I'The Leipsic editions are noted as being the most correct
editions of the classics extant, fob 28
F OR RENT.-The south part of Hlouse and Lot, as now
divided, at the corner of Maryland avenue and Twelfth
street west, containing five rooms and passage, a fine cellar,
also a kitchen, with three rooms, and separate stairway. The
hose is in good order, and has a large back yard and stable
attached to hlie premises. Possession can be had immediately.
For particulars, inquire of Mr. R. M. Bell, living adjoining, or
Edward Mattingly, near the Navy Yard.
mar 18-w3w

NSURES LIVES for one or more years, or for life.
Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
Age. One year. Seven years. For life.
25 1.00 1.12 2.04
30 1.31 1.36 2.36
35 1.36 1.53 %.75
40 1.09 1.83 3.20
45 1.91 1.96 3.73
50 1.96 2.09 4.60
55 2.32 3.21 5.78
60 4.35 4.91 7.00
Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
60 years of age, 10.55 per cent. )
65 do. 12.27 do. per annum.
70 do. 14.19 do.
For One Hundred Dollars deposited at birth of child, the Coinm-
pany will pay, if he attain 21 years ofage, $469
At six months, 408
One year, 375
The Company also executes trusts; receives money on depo-
site, paying interest semi-annually, or compounding it and
inmakes all kinds of contracts in which life or the interest of mo-
ney is involved.

Jaies H. Causten, City of Washington.
Dr. B. R. Wellford, Fredericksburg, Virginia.
John 0. Lay, Richmond, Va.
D. Robertson, Norfolk, Va.
A. S. Tidball, Winchester, Va.
George Richards, Leesburg, Va.
Neilson PFee, Frederick, Md.
feb 3-ly
American Life Insurance and Trust Company.
OFFICES-No. 136 Baltimore street, Baltimore; and Wall
Street, New York.
AGENCY-Pennsylvania Avenue, opposite Fuller's Hotel, anc
two doors from the Buildings occupied by the Treasury Depart.
ment, Washington city.
CAPITAL PAID IN $2,000,000.
PATRICK MACAULAY, President, Baltimore.
MORRIS ROBINSON, Vice President, New York.
ONEY received daily on deposit, on which interest wili
be allowed, payable semi-annually. The Company ais(
insures lives, grants annuities, sells endowments, and executed
t rusts
Of the rdtes of insurance qf $100 on a single life.
Age. I year. years. For life. Age. 1 year. 7 years. For life.
14 72 86 1 53 38 1 48 1 70 3 05
15 77 88 1 56 39 1.57 1 76 3 11
16 84 90 1 62 40 1 69 1 83 3 20
17 86 91 1 65 41 1 78 1 88 3 31
18 89 92 1 69 42 1 85 1 89 3 40
19 90 94 1 73 43 1 89 1.92 3 51
20 91 95 1 77 44 1 90 1 94 3 63
21 92 97 1 82 45 1 91 1 96 3 73
22 94 99 1 88 46 1 92 1 98 3 87
23 97 1 03 1 93 47 1 93 1 99 4 01
24 99 1 07 1 98 48 1,94 2 02 4 17
25 1 00 1 12 2 04 49 1 95 2 04 4 49
26 1 07 1 17 2 11 50 1 96 2 09 4 60
27 1 12 1 23 2 17 51 1 97 2 20 4 75
28 1 20 1 28 2 24 52 2 02 2 37 4 90
29 1 28 1 35 2 31 53 2 10 2 59 5 24
30 1 31 1 36 2 36 54 2 18 2 89 5 49
31 1 32 1 42 2 43 55 2 32 3 21 5 78
32 1 33 1 46 2 50 56 2 47 3 56 6 05
33 1 34 1 48 2 57 57 2 70 4 20 6 27
34 1 35 1 50 2 64 58 3 14 4 31 6 50
35 1 36 1 53 2 75 59 3 67 4 63 6 75
36 1 39 1 57 2 81 60 4 35 4 91 7 00
37 1 43 1 63 2 90
Applications, post paid, may be addressed to- PATRICK
MACAULAY, Esq., President, Baltimore; or MORRIS RO-
BINSON, Esq., Vice President, New York; to which ihume-
diale attention will he paid.
Applications may also be madepersonally, or by letter, post
paid, to FRANCIS A. DICKINS, Agent for the Company in the
City of WASHINGTON. His office is on Pennvslvania Avenue,
opposite Fuller's Hotel, and two doors from the buildings occu-
pied by the Treasury Department. oct 16-26-dly
can Continent, in one octave volume, published by
the American Antiquarian Society, is this day received for sale
feb 22
USKISSON'S SPEECHES, in 1 volume, oc-
tavo, containing also the Select Speeches of the Right
Honorable WILLIAM WYNDHAM, together with their Biogra-
phies, &c. &c. just published, and this day received for sale'by
F TAYLOR. feb 15
EW BOOKS.-Just received, Life in London; or, The
Day and Night Scenes of Jerry Hawthorn and others, in
their Rambles and Sprees through the Metropolis, by P. Egan.
The Honey Moon, by the Countess of Blessington, and other
Tales by other authors.
The Humorist, by Theodore Hook.
mar 10-3t Penn. Avenue, between 11th and 12th sts.
fAEAUTIFUL BOOKS.-Now opening at Stationers'
Hall the following beautiful Books, suitable for Christmas
and new year's presents:
The Souvenir Keepsake for 1837
The Religious Souvenir do
The Pearl do
The Violet do
.The Christmas Box do
The Gift do
The Forget Me Not do
Friendship's Offering do
With a variety of Toy Books for children, and Almanacs for
1837, at 61 cents. W. FISCHER.
dec 23 [Tel]
N EW BOOKS.-Just published, and this day received,
S for sale by F. TAYLOR, or for circulation among the
subscribers to the Waverly Circulating Library-
Life in London; or, Day and Night Rambles and Sprees
through the Metropolis, 2 vols.
The Honey Moon, and other Tales, by James Bulwer,.D'Is-
raeli, and others, 2 vols.
The T Humorist, in 1 yol. by Htook.
fronmthe original Dutch of Dominie Nicholas (Egidius Ou-
den Arde, by Paulding.
mar 10-3t Penn. Avenue, between I th and 12th sts.
C ARD CASES.-Just opening, at Stationers' Hall, the
largest and most extensive assortment of English Pearl,
Ivory, Shell, and Leather Card Cases that has ever been kept
for sale in the District, and at lnprices the most reasonable.
jan 9 [Tel] W. P1SCHER.
OOPER'S NEW WORK, Gleanings in Eu-
rope, justreceived and for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also, Sketches of Every-day Life and Every-day People,
by Boz, author of Pickwick Club, &c.
_Minor Morals for Young People, illustrated in tales and
travels, by John Bowning.
mar 15
SEA, containing, also, information relating to important
late discoveries between 1792 and the present time. 1 volume
octavo, with engravings.
A few copies of the above publication (particularly interest-
ing at the present time) are this day received, and for sale by
feb 8 TAYLOR.
ATVAW GLOSSARY, containing the Greek, Latin, Sax-
on, Norman, French, and Italian sentences, phrases, and
maxims, found in the works of Coke, Peere, Williams, Vesey,
Rent, Sugden, Preston, Chlitty, Starkie, Bosanquet, Blackstone,
Tidd, and numerous other law writers, with Historical and Ex-
planatory Notes, alphabetically arranged, and translated into
English for the use of Lawyers, Studenats, &c., is for sale by P.
TAYLOR, 1 octavo volume, in law binding, over 500 pages,
price $3 25.
Oliver's Law Summary, 1 octavo volume, lawyhinding, price
$1 75.
Wentwomith on Executors, do do price 82 00.
Supreme Court of the United States Reports for the term
commencing January, 1834. Price $3 50.
Chittyon Bills, lasted.ilion, price $1 75.
An extensive collectiofi of Law Books, alnil the latest and best
editions, are for sale at the Waverly Circulating Library, imme-
diately east of Gadsby's Hotel, in all cases at the lowest Phila-
delphia prices. feb 17
Kent's Commentaries, Starkie on Evidence
Story's do Thomas's Coke
Maddocks's Chancery Reports
Chitty on Bills, Chmitty's Criminal Law
Do on Contracts, Norris's Peake, Ruterford's nstitte
Story on Bailments, Vattel's Law of Nttions
Cox's Digest, Cruise's Digest
Sugden on Vendors, Roscoe on Evidence
Comyn eta Coniracts, Fearoo on Remaeic[n.es
Fell on Gmaranty, Fomplanque's Equity"

Sugden on Powers
Diplomatic Correspondence of the United Stantes, from
!0th Sept. 1783, to March 4th, 1789, in 7 vols.
feb 28 At P. Thompson's old stand.
T HE GREAT METROPOLIS, by the author of
Random Recollections of the Houses of Lords andt.C0om1
nmons.-An additional supply of the above popular work is this
day opened and for sale by ,i 1. TAYLOR.
mar 20