National intelligencer

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
National intelligencer
Physical Description:
Newspaper
Publisher:
Joseph Gales ( Washington City D.C )
Publication Date:

Subjects

Genre:
newspaper   ( sobekcm )

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 10202373
System ID:
UF00073213:00068

Full Text
.g . .. .. ....


WASHINGTON: TUESDAYN'SEPTEMBER 11, 1849.


#'Nn 72~)fl
5-


PUBLISHED BY GALES & SEATON.
THRICE A WEEK.
511 DOLLARS A EAR--PATABLE IN ADVANCE.

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1849.

RErURN OF THE PRESIDENT.

The PRESIDENT of the United States returned to
the Seat of Government on Saturday morning,
having continued his journey from Niagara hither
without any material intermission, but the resting
on the first night on his voyage down Lake Ontario,
and on the second ou the passage down the Hud-
son. He reached Baltimore at 10 o'clock on Fri-
day night, and remained there until the next
morning.
The President was accompanied to this city by
Mr. Secretary MEREDITH, Mr. Attorney-General
JouHNsON, Ex-Goveruor LETCHER, of Kentucky, Dr.
WOOD (his Son-in-law and Medical Attendant,) and
several other gentlemen. Although bearing traces
of" late serious illness, we are glad to learn thai
lie is now free from disease, and has in a great
measure recovered his accustomed strength and
SCtir iy. & -t .
While every one must approve of the prudence
of the PRESIDENT in relinquishing the further prose-
cution of his tour, and returning at once to Wash-
ington, in compliance with the advice of his physi-
cian and friends, we must all feel regret at the dis-
appointment which this determination must have
occasnioed to himself, as well as that which it in-
flicts on the thousands of his fellow-citizens who
were eagerly anticipating the happiness of seeing
him, and testifying that affectionate regard and deep
respect which personal observation of him never
fails to impress upon every unprejudiced mind.

IDE.TH OF A REPRESENTATIVE IN CONGRESS.
'Ihe Union" of yesterday morning announces
the death, at Wheeling, (Va.) on Sdaturday, (the
8th,) by cholera, of the Hon. A. NEwMAsN, one of
the Representatives deut to Congress from the
State of Virginia. He was, says the unionn "an
able statesman, a stanch Democrat, and a worthy
man."

We learn also, from the Union" of yesterday,
that the Hon. AtuJs-t'rs C. DODGE, Senator from
Iowa, arrived in this city on Saturday, on his way
to visit his Father, (the Senator' from the State of
Wisconsin,) who, we regret to learn, is suffering
under severe indisposition at Berkeley Springs, in
Virginia.

Thedit. Louis Republican has information from
Illinois that Governor FRENCH has determined to
convene an extra session of the Legislature of Illi-
nois about the last of October, for the purpose of
electing a Senator of the United States, (to fill the
vacancy occasioned by the resignation of General
SHIELDS.)

ALABAMA.
The Mobile Register publishes the full official
voite at flie late Coigression.dl elect?,,n. "In the
second district the contest was between two Whigs,
Messrs. HILLIARD and PUGH, the Democrats voting
for the latter. Mr. HILLIARD was re-elected by a
majority of,795, which, under the circumstances,
was very large. In the sixth district two Demo-
crats, Messrs. ('ons and CLEMENS, were candidates,
and the former was re-elected by 656. From the
following recapitulation of the vote in the other
districts it will be seen, as the Mobile Advertiser
observes, that in every, district where there was a
party contest the vote of the Whig candidate is
larger than that given for General TAYLOR. The
Democrats have increased their vote largely, but
the Whigs have lost nothing since the election of
Gen. TAYLOR. The Wtig party, indeed, is proven
to be stronger than it was on the day of the Presi-
dential election, or than it ever was before :"
Dist. WiMg. Denm. Tay for. Cass.
S......... ..49"-- 4691 4666 3364
3 .......... A9ri9 5521 4944 4969
4............4245 4665 4139 4020
5............ 3085 *6211B 3027 4488
7 ............ 4895 6033 4830 5392

22,116 27,113 21,606 22,233
SIn the fifth district there were two Democratic candidates,
* and we add their aggregate vote together.

WIscoNSIN.-The Democratic Convention for
this State metat Madison on the 5th instant and made
the following nominations for State Officers:
For Governor, NELSON DEWEi ; for Lieut. Governor,
SAMUEL W. BEAL ; for Secretary of State, M. A. BAR-
STOW; for Attorney-General, SPARE: Coos ; for Treasurer,
DARIUs C. FAIRCHrID.

'['he following whs the decision of the examining
court at Palmyra, (Mo.) in the case of John S.
Wise, arrested for the murder of Thomas B. Hart,
the paramour of his wife:
We think the killing of THOMAS B. HART is an offllence
against the law, amounting to murder in the first degree; and
that there is probable cause to believe that the accused com-
mitted that offence ; and we, therefore, commit him to prison
to answer any indictment the Grand Jury may tind against
him for such offence."
THE WARS oF' FRANC.-In the course of the
last five centuries France has been engaged in
wars the aggregate duration of which amount. to
326 years Of these 35 were years of civil war,
40 of religious war, 76 of war on the soil of France,
and 175 foreign. Great and sanguinary battles, 84.
In the 16th century there were 85 years of war;
in the 17th 69 years,,in the 18th 58 years; making
a total in those three centuries of 212 years of war
to 88 of peace. Add to these the revolutions and
wars of the present century, and who can wonder
at the existing moral and political condition of the
country.-Journal of Commerce.
SicKsEsvs AT BAMOoR.-- letter dated at Bangor (Me.)
on the 4th instant says :
The cholera spreads to an alarming extent with us. The
number of deaths here, in proportion to the population, is
equal to the deaths in St. Louis. The number of cases here
* the las! four days is (as rep'orted) some 80 to 100, and most
of them have proved fatal."
NATAL.-Orders were received at the Brooklyn Navy Yard
on Thursday to fit out the sloop-of wyr Vincennes for the
Pacific station. She will be readSfor sea in about ten days.


-The sloop-of-war Dale is dismantling, preparatory to refit-
ting for another cruiA. Her de-tination is not known.
The sloop-of-war Portsmnouth is receiving slight repairs,
and will take her departure in a week or ten days, to resume
her station on the coast of Africa. Comn. GaxGoaT has
hoisted his broad pennant on #aard of her.
On Mindiy I.1 llro. Free Si ho..-I Bill was rejected by seve-
ral hundred majority by the vote of the people of Albemarle,
Virginia. The question had given rise to much excitement.


THE FLORIDA DIFFICULTIES.

AT a pendant to the Letter of the Secretary of
War, &c., published in our paper of Saturday, in-
dicating the pacific policy of the Executive of the
UniteS'States ip rrgari to the Indiar, of Florida,
we extract from the Richmnond Dily T"1iErus (being
part of a brief history ol the'recent outbreak and
the action of the Government) the, following:
"So much for the official history of this Indian
difficulty, so far ais it has transpired. Front. the ac-
tual scene of ihe anticipated hostilities we have no
intelligence of any importance. A lieutenant in a
volunteer company stationed at Fort Moseley. near
Enterprise,' writes to the Jacksonville Republican,
under date of August 22d, that the company had
arrived at that place, and were recruiting to be rea-
dy' for a fight:
1" W'e are all well (he sayv) and itn fiie spiritl, and full
r'pt n,'tifar an Indianfiit anil 'r.m Oi I can learn there
is bult little or no doubt but what we can and wil be acoirr.
nodaled uwtth afil gd-al any rale, a- soon as our mnin and
horses recruit a little from the fatigues of their nearitsomete
march. There are men of veracity at this place who have
seen Indians Lt the neighborhood but a fiw days before we
arrived, and they say that the9 cali show us Indiana any
IM, isl I a f.ay,. a W Wf a U"
t~~~rulfl ~ ft 'r~ no~ WBav.Tu, bifll t1 etir
yri, ugalt, to have the pleasure of sending .yuu anil InDIAN
SCALP, or of iirifirming you of a succvf4ul victory on our
fort, if no mpre ; but I would like to have THE SCALP."
Comment upon the spirit'indicated by' such lan-
guage as this is not necessary to make it plain to
every understanding. It must prove,*owever, to
the satisfaction of all who read, that the Administra-
tion has some annoying difficulties to contend with.

LATEST FROM FLORIDA.

In the Pensacola Gazette of the 1st instant we
have accounts from Tampa Bay to the 27th ultimo.
Major Gen. TwIGos and Staff arrived at Fort
Brooke on the 24th. No communication had been
effected with the Indians ; they are supposed to be
within the boundary and well supplied with provi-
sions. No further news of depredations had been
receivIl, On the 26th ultimo Gen. Twloos die-
patched a company of artillery under Major BAIN-
BRIDGE to ,the Manita river, and in a few days two
other companies were to proceed towards Pease
Creek and Hickapossassa. Gen. TwIGGos, not be-
ing inclined to repose too much confidence in the
manifestations of peace on the part of the Indians,
had determined to adopt the most stringent mea-
sures to protect the inhabitants, who, it is said,
will be able to gather their crops after the troops
have been stationed.

PROTECTION FOR THE TEXAN FRONTIER.

The following communication from the SECRE-
TARY OF WAR, addressed to some of the citizens of
Corpus Christi, is published in the New Orleans
papers:
WAR DEPARTMENT,
WAsHINGTON, AUoUST 4, 1849.
GENTLEMEN : I have received your letter of the 25th of
June, recommending the establishment of a military post
at Corpus Chriiti for the protection of that place and the
frontier from the ravages of the Indians. In reply thereto,
I have the honor to inform you that the details of the defence
of the Texas frontier have been entrusted to Gen. BRnOOKE,
now commanding the United States troops in that quarter.
A report from him, of a date some weeks subsequent to that
of your letter, represents that the troops are actively engaged
in scouting, and that no Indian depredations had occurred for
some time. He has established a line of posts as far to the
northwest as San Antonio, which will no doubt effectually
secure Corpus Christi and its vicinity from the dangers which
you apprehend. G. W. CRAWFORD,
Secretary of War.
To ensure the protection of the frontier, Gen.
BROOKE, on the llth of August, made a requisition
on the Governmor of Texas for three companies of
mounted volunteers, each company to consist of
seventy-eight men. They are designed to operate
along the southwestern frontier, from Goliad to
Corpus Christi, and thence to the Rio Grande,
ranging through the whole country, and more par-
ticularly where Indians may be supposed to be
marauding. Their general depot is to be at Cor-
pus Christi.
The following letter from the Solicitor of the
Treasury, giving the history of certain counterfeit
Treasury Notes which have been put in circula-
tion, is published in the New York Tribune :
OFFICE OF THE SOLICITOR OF THE THEASURT,
August 17, 1849.
SIR : Yours of the 15th, covering Willis&Co.'sBankNote
List, and whatpurports tobea Treasury Note, is received.
Although my signature as Register, and thbt of" W. Sel-
den," Treasurer, are both such g.iod imitations as might de-
ceive either of us, the note is in whole a counterfeit. There
has never been a Treasury Note plate like it in the ornamen-
tal part. The history of this counterfeit is substantially this:
A person, representing himself to be authorized by a mining
company in Illinois, or somewhere West, called at the office
of Rawdon, Wright, Hatch & Co., in New Orleans, and re-
quested their foreman there to engrave and print a note for
"The Eagle Mining Company." He selected the devices
which he preferred, and the work was done. After a portion
of the printing was completed he called, paid for the engrav-
ing and printing, though only a portion of the latter was
finished, pretending to some necessity that prevented his wait-
ing for the whole work. The plate was taken to Cincinnati,
where an old counrrfeiter took out the words "Eagle Min-
ing Company," and in-erted "The United States," which
made the body of it precisely like a Treasury Note. The
words "Sec'y" and "Pres't" were changed to "Register"
and "Treasurer of the United States." The words "Re-
ceivable in payment of all public dues," were added around
the figures "500'" at the top. The words "countersigned,"
and Washington," at the bottom, and "one year" in the
centre, were also added. Through the agency of this office
the plate on which the note you sent me was printed was se-
cured a year or more since, with numerous impressions from
it, and with one from the original plate, a which are now before
me. There is no Treasury Note resembhlig this in any
thing except in the form of the undertaking. The figures in
red ink are much larger than in the-genuine. Except on the
old $1,000 note no one has the balr eagle on it. In that the
back ground is entirely different, having no cars in the dis-
tance, nor canal boat or lock, but nunme'rous ships, &c. The
figures $500 on this note are smaller than on the genuine
ones, being the same size as on bank notes. So far as I re-
member, every Treasury Note states on its face the date of
the loan and when payable and fundable. This is so, I know,
in the last loans. Nothing of the kind appears on this note.
I think I ought to state that ne blame can be attached to the
person who made the original plate. Nothing appeared
calculated to rouse his suspicions. I have seen bis original
correspondence with his employers, which passed at the time,
in which he gave a full and satisfactory account of his doing
the work, the price, &c. a These notes were doubtless


prepared lor frmntier, Mexican, and West India circulation ;
arid I should n,,t be surprised if some of them have been used
for remittances to Europe. The noteyou sentme is herewith
returned.
Respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. H. GILLET, Solicitor.
A citizen of Hanover county, Virginia, was arrested and
rommiied to jail one day, during the last week, on the charge
of whippinig one of hins negro men so severely as to cause his
death.


THE CUBA HUNT BROKEN UP.

The New York Express of Friday has the fol-
lowing : ,
The Unite-d Stales District Attorney has broken up the
Cuba expedition from this port. He has in United Stailes
poseessiorn the prr-peller Sea Gull, (of a very warlike look,)
the Orleans, and the Florida, which are in possession of Unrit-
ted States marines or United States deputy marshals and their
posses.
One of the leaders of the expedition wasarresied last night,
but gave baiL
Processes ate out against the other adventurers, and United
States orticers are on the look out.
It in ascertained that $ 160,000 have been put at thIe dia-
posal of these adventurers in New York alone.
The act of Congress under which this is dine is the act
which put the arimyand navy lt the disposal of the Presideni
to execute the laws, and it is shown that the laws have been
violated by affidavit before the Inie. Slates district attorney.
One of thi principle men connected with the expedition
from thIbis port, now under arrest, has assured us this morinine
that he has abandoned the entilerpnrise, and that it may be re.
guarded as now at an end
Tbh PaESIDLiT was officially consult,ld this morning in
regard to the Cuba expedition, and manifested a dispoilion
to preerve the neurhiv I the fGovernment 9i altard

persons, was what he desired.
United States marines are on board the steamer Orleans.
One of the recruits for the above expedition,
who was enlisted in Philadelphia, has divulged all
he knows in relation to it. The Ledger of Friday
gives his story as follows:
"One of the 'returned volunteers,' taken from this city,
has given us the following history of the events connected
with the expedition as far as he knows, the persons engaged
in it keeping a remarkably close guard over their tongues.
The person we allude to is a young man residing inthis city,
who, with six others, was recruited last week for the expedi-
tion, being promised one thousand dollars at the end of the
affair and plenty of plunder while engaged in it. He was
told, notwithstanding the inference from the last mentioned
fact, that it wasa perfectly honorable project, atnd that its pur-
pose should be disclosed before he left the country. He went
to New York on Friday last with the other recruits, and was
furnished quarters at the Amelcan Hotel, where there were
about one hundred Spaniards. On Monday night they were
taken quietly on board the steamer Wilson G. Huit, with a
view of being placed on board the propeller schionr 'ea
Gull, which had started for her destination. They were un-
der the command of an Englishman named Maguire. Aftr
going forty miles to sea, and finding nothing of the propeller,
the captain of the steamer refused to go further, and put back.
The Sea Gull was found lying at quarantine, and the men
put on board. The vessel had boxes of mu.kets on board
and soldier clothes, and our informant assirtd to hand boxes
of pistols and swords from the Wilson G. Hunt. The reve-
nue cutter visited the vessel, but could discover nothing. The
recruits became dissatisfied with the mystery maintained, and,
having misgivings of the object of the expedition, demanded
to be put ashore. This demand was refu-ed till they declared
that they would hail the revenue cutter and apprize the offi-
cers of the character of the proceeding-. This had the ef-
fect; the men were set ashore, and their passages paid to
Philadelphia. This is all our informant knows of the matter,
but he has no doubt that some marauding expedition H in-
tended."
The propeller Sea -Gull was taken possession of at the
New York quarantine ground, by a detachment of armed
men from the United States ship North Carolina, lying in the
harbor. No resistance was made by the persons on board of
the captured vessel, consisting principally of Spaniards and
Cubanoes, who were taken by surprise, and appeared to be
in a state of much trepidation. The steamship New Orleans
was taken possession of whilst lying at the foot of Grand
street, New York. Though information had been received a
sholt lime previously thatit she contained a consilrabl, num-
ber of men, she was found to be deserted. Both vessels were
seized in the name of the President of the United States, on
a charge of violating the neutrality act. The New York
Courier of Saturday says :
"We understand that some weeks since the Sea Gull was
sold by her owners to parties here, whom It is not necessary
to name, but who were well understood to have been con-
nected with the Cuban expedition. She had been handed
over to them and laden with muskets, ammunition, &c., and
had cleared for Curacoa. There was also a number of Spa-
niards on board. Her detention since Saturday of last week
at quarantine, was caused by the failure of those who bought
her to make payment as promised. The owner was unwil-
ling to let her go to'sea until she was paid for. We under-
stand that he has promised to resume possession of her, take
out her cargo, and give bonds in any required amount that
she shall not be engaged in any illegal expedition. He pri-
mraises, if required, to give up her license for the f-retign trade
and use her only fur domestic traffic. Under the circum-
stances, we understand no further proceedings will be had
against her.
"The steam-packat New Orleans, lying at the head of
Cherry street, was also seized under the same authority. She
is owned by Mr. Wood, who had sold her to the same parties,
and had received $2,000- in part payment of the purchase
money. She had been laden with a cargo comprising among
other articles 120,000 rations.
"During the investigation into the matter of the vessels,
the names of a number of persons in this city, who were pro-
minently concerned in the same expedition, were ascertained,
and unquestionable evidence of their complicity was laid be-
fore the 'District Attorney. He immediately inquired, by
telegraph, of the Secretary of State whether he should arrest
persons, as well as vessels, who had violated the law in ques-
timn, and received for answer orders to do so. He procured
warrants for the arrest of six persons-five of whom are said
by the Evening Post to be Edward Wier, Mariot, Pigot,
Clark, and McFall. Whether these names are correctly given
or not, we are not aware. One of the parties arrested yester-
day was brought up for examination, and bailed -in the sum
of $5,000. We understand that he has taken part as one of
the leaders of the intended expedition at some of the meetings
that have been held in this city."


'. THE NEWS FROM HUNGRY.

'* 'steamer .Viagari arrived at New York on
Fritlty. The papers brought by' ht-r tcontain
colgrimatio (i f the inielligeni'e received by tele-
grapl. so far as relates to the surrender :of Gorge-
andlis armnv to the Russians. The London Mer-
cantile Gazette of the 23d ulnto says :
Whilst 1t is highly probable that the weakness ol ihe
Hurigriana has been exaggerated, t:ere is nol tihe least rlIm
for diibt that the struggle on their panrt has ne,,rly reached its-
termhition ; though whelber the end, when it cin-mes, will be
the riult of negotiation or exhaustion is still uncertain. They
havetope all that a brave people rouid.do in'uindicanion ol
their independ-nee ; anr if ihevy had only to c--nt,-nd wiih
Austd, the issue wiulil, in all probabilily,'be a very diff-tenl
pne riBut the overw';elnntng msases which Ruisia wa-ds.; r-
mirr from the beginning 1to bring, and did bri.g, inii, ithe
field,hoved, wh. ni ui.tt.d with the Auetlian lircr.-, n i er,
msicl for the grearct and sell denyrig tfi'-rtn ol courage aridJ
parnritilii." *
Vienna papers and lelters of the 17th August con-
tamin Lie news of the surrender of Gorgey antd h i
arm), The followiiig proclamation was p'oisted in
Vieta on the 17th :
"Kt:ie excellency Baruin Haynau to h;, ,laje.,ithi,e Em.
petori ij- excell, ncy. Baron Haynau inform i,t. MajlY
the F.. ror that the rebel cbie t. Gorgey, with a lari- pait
of hie'. T'o0 301,000 to 40,000 m, .n. endered on ihe
It uncor.ditionally, at Vilagos.
k --- .. ] .. M. .a


give's an accouto0 le even W'" i recede
Gorgey's surretltir. Referriig tlo an earlier report
of Gorgey lt, tilu crossed the Tl'ieis with his armlly,
this writer says:
"That,-after Golgey's crossing the Theiss on Oe 31st
ultino, both the Austian and the Russian Generals were at a
loss where to find him On the 1st instant General Grabbe
received orders to follow the plan of operations originally laid
dwrin fir him, which vas to pacify the westerr. Hungarian
counties. The Russia Marshal states that, alter he had
routed Nagy Sardor before Debreczin, he determined to wait
in that city until Gory, who had retired from the neigh-
-orhood ,-.f Tokay,' sltuld come down to the south. Pre-
viously to a detailed account of the battle with Nagy Sardor,
which iv given, the marshall remarks that, on his arrival at
I j, ios, he could gaii no tidings of the enemy, as he found
the inhabitants of thic.iuritry so aLachtd to G.irgey that he
could get no spies. 'Before the iaile,' says Prince Paskie-
witch, 'I could not 'eai, whether four squadrons, 18,000
men,,or Gorgey, v; l his whole army, was at Debreczin.'
The result of the battle is known; Nagy Sardor was routed
and suffered severe ls. The Marshal states that, what with
killed, wounded, air'l the prioners who were made, Npgy
Sardrrmu.i, on lh ll -lAiwiirdivy, have found himself 'minus'
two mr threat, thousad men. The first division of the Hat-
gariainr fought al Pebreczin. It was directed to occupy our
attention in order o give Gorgey an opportunity ot escaping
Ir is said that duihg Ihe battle Gorgey passed to the left ti
Detreczin, and tlat in the course of the night he was thirty-
Sr nerrit t.yonial thai city. He ison hi way n. t) Grosswar-
dtin, where he tends concentrating all hi- fii'-rites.
"After passirg the Marshal at Debreczin, Gorgey moved
on towards Gmsawardein, where he expected to find provi-
Finns, of whist he was in the greatest need, butas all the sup-
plies hadl beet removed to Arad by Kossuth's orders, he hur-
:ted on fron- Gio-wardcmn to Vilagos. On reaching that
,i.,LOr" on th, 12th, he doubtiliMY learned what had taken
placewat Tenesvar on the 91h, and that Schlick was already
before Ara, Gene,al Rudiger was close upon his heels with
his division and the 9th cavalry regiments, which had been
sent him bh way of reinforcement."
The German papers contain the fullest informa-
tion coin'ering Gorgey's surrender. It appears
from thee papers that the power of M. Kossuth
ha, been overthrown by an intrigue of the other
Hungarnn leaders.
Our coierpmndert (says the Times) informs us that Kos-
suih has establithed hi, Government at Orsova. From the
newis asieh ha' re-acirl us, it appears that only part, though
indrn'. & large part, of General Gorgey's army surrendered,
noris there any reason to believe that the other Hungarian
coos will immediately subscribe to the terms, or rather ts the
noierms, which Gejneral Gorgey has made for himself and his
folhwers. Nevertheless, to all appearance the surrender of so
lare a part of the Hungarian forces must eventually prove a
deth-blow to the Huongarian rising. Already does the want of
Gegey's corps make itselffelt, for we have intelligence-and we
hae no reason to discredit it-that Raab is again in the hands
ofheIlTmperialits. It is also stated that the Hungarian army in
Taniylvania was on the 1st instant defeated at Muhlbach and
R'issriarlnk.
liuir nrian papers, too, confirm the late news of the oc-
cauptian ol tLirosswardein by Paskiewitch and Temesvar by
Hrniau. Gen. Haynau's despa'ch states that the Hunga-
rt arnti which besieged Temesvar was defeated after a bat-
tle ii army ,hour, and utterly routed. Gen. Schlick's corps
to.il ihMee hundred prisoners ; the test of the Hungarian army
mate a hurried and confused retreat, and the Hungarans
ilesinived the gun-factory which they had established near
Temen ar. The Imperialist troops were too much exhausted
to f..Isw up their victory. They found the city and fortress
of Tisne-var n a deplorable state. That fortress was under
the eatmand of the Gen. Rukowina, who was resolved to
hold dui it a ie last before he surrendered to the Hungarians.
Of hii men, iwenty-four hundred had died of typhus during
the mige,' ithire hundred were killed by the Hungarian pro
jec j, aiid ,vo thousand are confined to the hospitals.
S Russana and Austrians are now advancing against
Arad. Thee is but scanty intelligence of the position of the
Hrngri in amies. Dmtinski's r i,,,ps eare collecting on the
left b#ik of tie Marosh, midway between Arad and Szegedin,
to threaten Iaynau's operations against Arad but they, in
their tarn, an grievously threatened by the corps of the Gen-
erals laimber and Schlick.
"VIENNA, AuGusT 17.
avnau'i bullEtin if the 10th, from Ternmesvar, has to-day
been e uhli-hed. hIt tatee that after the battle of Sz6reg the
raul w-s. cmtinrued The insurgents attempted to make a


SAD ACCIDENT. standit O'B.eno, Aibrechtiflur, and Marienfield, but in
SAD A D %tun ; for thy were. p hi1 routed by the third army corps
CORRESPONDENCE OF THE BALTIMORE PATRIOT. and Lie cavlr i,' viir., iiundei Wallmoden. The landjlurn
POTTSVILLE, (PA.) SEPTEMBIER 7. wai cample'elv dispi-red, and a great many deserter,. pin-
A son of the Hon. JAMEs COOPER, United States Senator, etpallj Imperial troops uhich had been forrced to serve in the
aged about eleven years, met with a distressing accident yes-. ranks'l the enemy, e rie over to the Imperialists. The nui-
1br d tprrtsine,- and dererters amurnte.l ott ii l: Sth to above
terday afternoon, on the Mount Carbon Railroad, near the ,thre:ousand men Lreutenant-.Fisld-Ma,shal cl.ck S-ent
junction with the Reading Railroad. He was standing on a a tlyiig cores t. M.- r:he.yes, which took possession of the
train of cars drawn by horses, and, in attempting to jump Impeil eflslItsbhirmert, with a stud of 3,000 horses, which is
from the cars, fell, and they passed over him, severing one establhd ithire. A- ihe Commander in-chief had been in-
of his legs from his body. fobrmail that the dee-aled Magyars had been reinforced by Vit-
Stei's aimy in the neighborl.oodl of Temesvar, where, confident
AMBER STRAWaEaRY.-It is said that a new Strawberry in Ihe va't number of their troops and one hundred cannons,
has lately been cultivated in the neighborhood of London they intended to rk a detisive battle, he advanced on the 9th
S y b civ i t rh o L wth the cavalry divi'ion r.f \ allmoden from Croatad to Kis-
which promises well. It arrives at perfection when the usual Becsk-rrk. The Rus.ian division under Paniutine, with the
varieties are over, is of an amber color when ripe, and of de- ieereeartldlery, also nent t.iw,rls Kii-Becskerek fromLovrin,
vicious quality, by way of rilletl. Tle rre-rv di'ision niar'hl from Peszak,
InT St,. LusSetbr5a ranm R a by way of KneE, I' H.',diy and Karany, in order to take the
In St. Lois, September 5, a German, named Richard enrmy on the right Bfnk. As Gen. Haynau was aware that
Kennedy, was arrested, and held to answer the charge of the siege oo Teie.m ar had he-r raised, side columns were sent
arson and riot, in firing the house of Madame Clemantine, frin the firs di'iii,-n along the two banks of the Maros to
last Sunday week, whilst heading a mob of rioters and Pec.ka aid Fonlak, while the main body of the same corps
burglars. _________________to k tie direcnion from aes toin Monostor and Vinga, in order
As the freight train which left Rochester (N. Y.) on Fri- to cut off the enemy's retreat from Temesvar to Arad, and to
day was passing a curve in the road a few miles below Pitts- captor his cannon. (This failed, a 3Btm rfirrated toLugos.)
ford, it came in collision with the passenger train which was wWhen thie third di-i.'n, Paniutine's Russians, and the
proceeding towards Rochester, whereby one man was killed cavahly division l.i.m Kis BecAereli,4arne up with the ene
and two others slightly wounded, my, a battle c.inmienced, which listed til t iward, evening,
although from whit I leirn from privLate so)ures the Mavars
RESISTANCE or LAw.-On Saturday the Btitish brig Ach- bought very badly, depending entirely upon their artillery,
sah was attached upon process issued from the District Court and tetrealing whenter the Imperialists attempted to come
of the United States, in behalf of the passengers for tme pen- to close qua't. r4 with them, which explains a passage in the
alty incurred by the owners arind master for putting passengers bullpts that i hi mfaniry diid not come into action at all.'
on short allowance during the voyage from Donegal to Ithis A- atdu-k th- Austrian commander had satisfied himself that
port. The mate and two of the crew subsequently took pos the emnemy was in full retreat, he determined to reach Temnes-
session of of the brig and ran her up the river above cooper's var the same evening, and accordingly set off in per-in at the
point, where she lies high and dry on the bank. head ol tour squadrons arid a few battalions for the fntrersa
On Sunday, Deputy Marshal Halze) went on board to re- The ethusiomasm with which he was received by the inhabi-
take her, when he was forcibly driven off, and his lIe threat- tants of the town was tremendous. During the battle the
ended. Yesterday the same officer, with Deputy Marshal garrison also made a sally, and did the enemy considerable
Miller, proceeded to the vessel, and they were driven aaay. damage. Gen. Haynsau peaks in the highest lernus of the
Judge Kane then issued a warrant for contempt, and the gallanritiv and sel'-dctiution of bis troops, who, after a march
officers, with a body of Marines from the navy yard, took, qf fifteen English mile without refreshment, foughi until
possession of the vessel, and lodged the mate and two of the nighliall with the greatest courage. The reserve division
crew in prison for a hearing this morning.- P/hila. .4Ameriman. reached the Temesvar-Arad high road J time, not only to


capturP four 21.pounders, several ammunition cars, and in-
rinumnerdbla haggace wagons, but ,1i cause nspeaiFkablel ror.fu
-ior in ih enermy' r'anka. Liemirna. t Fi;-Id-Marshal l,>h itk'r
-Jli-i.n 1to k Ji1t prlri. no anil R -i .1 f.:-m-ti of a liWge mig.
aiinet lull oI rrim..nl.ial-
I re (.-'.mmirrdr in.chiel iha It-fi the lirtt diiyiion to in
eit Ardil, arni COitcentritled hlsa l rni. al tTenresair, v it ,h--ne
adivanc, d guard at lei eiueand anoilhfr clo.e to theiirer T"mtms
I'ae MNig-,psi, c..rmpletely r.,ui.tl, tid in thp -vildest J.is.rdtr
tuJvrds L.uge-s, gall.tpiig away vithl Ihem, basgsge-waigor,
cannon, and anrirunittion wag.',ns all mixed up ti-getier in
ho'p.lesa rontuoi-i. 'aThs enemy's infantry is alm.,t c.,m-
pletely diaperwiel Demiini-ki, Guvonri, Kmni, "eca, n. ant
Brm, who hid arivtd at n-',.n nn the 9tb, were in the gun
I'aciuory iteear I'emervar (which the insurgent- Ihemselves de
-trouyd) is late as nine o'cloi:k in ihe evening ot the sam-
day, lIut Ite caialry %a- tio exhai ,t-d to aB-,mli ary por.
'mitt Grf-at haps ofl w, apt.1 cover-d tihe dl. Id ol battle, mi
iv',-le iroipi- i-f dri, rni re and pilason-rs were ecinilruall,
Jlought in. )It tihe Ilnner.' v Iloiai o k 6,0lrU Ir im heii 9ir
i.) 0ime 0luih 'h.- civ .f _-ATeni, o.r tI a cornliept.- iumr, anil
the '-i.mniia,-lfdeI -X[ii I ca-nin -ulm4,.i-itnly .pr.i.- li-e iijdur-
i.g ie.inalge ol mIe garrison ai .l Ii crninmanrl r. ftuh.-.Aino
2,40 mirn idi.I .," 'vpliu,. dJnr.-, the ife.-3011i wci kilifd
11y tie eir.-miy'- p.-j.rctle, 1,41t aWii ir ti c h.-pital. and tU;t.
alr. are il,:. ill, have hr-,m. ilt-lgtd Io r. m ain i Iheir tuair.
It,, r.s a itfre I it.,' rjorn Ir itre,-iii el,.where. 'I h. i iriica-.-
lionia are alt.uil urniiiutied, ee pirig ihiee Fice ,.f bh-ania it,
whicli are niu, h danijgrd. The -wan, it hLored c3'tle .a,
so great that tile Ieupie hahd berr .aling hnr, rflsh tor eigh
teen drivs.
I can minf.-rn you, fi-m an ofirial ,urce', that the Inn-
Sn abandlhat the inasurgenis have
...... ALto GoImmn,.


7


LQ


no means of procuring supplies except those he i.....k from ihe
enemy. T"he -ubriiisiaon of his corps wai therefore inetimale.
\Ve kiriw nor how far p.iincal rornaderationi m .y hate Cun-
tinbult d tio this r-tn.ht. Gorg.-y was kri,,in I.) entertain ofin-
i, sir.ranl) opp-.sed i.) ithe troluiruriary ,chem-s -li,.Kos-
!uth, aiil, tm-.ugh no one hi Ibught in.-re gallantly than he
hia d *ne iIr ith- national CaLr,(, lie i1 said I.i hi'e retained a
,,r..r g Itrlirg if ie-g .d f .l.al enil i' arni ihat army against
shich he i.unrd himsfll t aims casually arrayed.
Mere s ,lelr s of I'Lrtune andi foreigners, like Dembingki and
Beni, were of course prepared o fIt.it t., the last eslr-niily,
and the inltigators rf the rev.Alutiint, like Kosuth, coUIl have
no, hope but in resistance; but the milhiarcthi.faol the Mag-
vai., like- G.igey, Kial|ka, and Ml.raOis, wie cntnertd
wth Autira by very di(ierent i.-s, andil the time vill come
when the)y will again setve in defence if the empire as man.
fully as they have done for lheiir native kingd.i-m. Thie pro.
rtl.illH -', ihetelirei, thrr in -urre-ndernng al Vil-igos, Gorgey
yi. Idl, nr-il only 1o a rnEe'ta-iv uf war. hutl I) a corrvictuon
ii iht- cairuse 1 I tihe Hun-giian revolutinrn could hiO Imger
o ,Ii leihdlrj i h.-u, if Hi Ul lion to b ,ih the tLinending fpJreit .
fh' itl.., whci hail alrea.-ly bi en steiruik on tic lUth hi.
l'ie irr. ir Tloy T', f Hainiu al tn r-var ,j-, lh.-., vrr, evel
noit- d. cm-ie The di-inci \I'ir, bhorwern ihe Th.iss, lihi
iM.l. a., and& hi Daiii.e hadil l.ni iei neniiiked .-u1tt as the
.', of the laO-t drcisve batile. T'h- advance ol Paskie-vitch
iU (Uiru,wardtii, I.Luders on ir he eai, aind ul Jlaynau upon
S"z,. din,' had narrovwed ihe in-urrrciori. to thata pini and
r-veit ltiee the Ausria na garrison ,f Temessar, undei (Iiftral
Ruk-.winna, still I.eld out ag.at.tirt the moat violent attp, k-.
Bent h id arrived at tie MNgyar position on the 9Lh, and in-
rinedianely took the chief c,,mnand of the lariiinal army. HE
ivr altarked on the following day by Ihe lidperial force,
I` hish han.o.. ft nni r|UJ~j~ ll'aleu


~b laIr heel pr'~'-t -~.i ~iet~ --"jam. raaauldaa.allar doe battle sri


VOL. L.


M
It
St






&


Rationaljutdirgnrn.

I ^ Itl




- -!- - 96-.w-- I,- --


fr


SP .4. I hivi-. ia leirne.l, from g.),i auihf,.rit. i. Kr
auth has eiA-l.-hed ahiituell, ,ilth h.s Min ler.es, al IrstI al."
SWe have private accounts (continues the Times) from
Transylvania of a victory gained by the Russians at Muhlback
and Reussmarkt on the 1st. The insurgents fled towards
Karlesburg, the siege of which fortress hj be-r.n raised by
Janka, the Romanen Prrfec
Vienna papers and letters 'f lth 19th instant inform us of
the surrender of the fortress of Arad to the Imperialists. This
important event took place on the 16th instant.
From the Vienna and German papers it- appears that the
Austrian capital is in a state of great excitement at the lmnwiet
unexpected run ofgo.d fortune whilii, has fallen to the ,hare
of the Imperial arms, and that a tairiety of rumors are altrijd
as usual. It was even said that C.-morn had .urri-ndri.d,
but our correspondent protests that this is wholly umifurnded,
though it appears that Gorge-v nii inmi-rucii.-iir to Klipka, ad
vising him to in e an early 'urrendiler. Nothing is known
tfthe whenralt'.uts of M. K.,suth an. ,' Grrittoral Bern ; but
it is trougl hbat Lthey are 'still at rsovsa, or perhaps at
Walachia.
From a proclamation of General Bern, dated from Selmass-
burg of the 25ih ult., it appears that the regular campaign in
Transylvania is all but ended. Bern states that at the L.aiilh,
of St. Georgey, the behavior of the troops did not iinsw, r to
his expectations," and that he was cmerrinely dJwsaltificd
with the conduct of the foot." And in another part of the
proclamation it is stated that the confused shouting during the
battle drowned the word of command, and that shouting on
'service should -henceforth be visited with capital punishment;
besides, that detachment which left the field of battle should
-be subjected to decimation.
There are also accounts of General Hassfort's victory at
Reussmarkt, which occurred previous to his being defeated by
Bern at Hermannstadt.
Where the fugitive inhabitants of the Batsh are to find
shelter, on their return to their province, Heaven knows.
We are informed that many of the towns which are marked
on the map have ceased to exist. Theresiopel, Zombor, and
Baja are now mere names; and yet Theresiopel had before
the invasion of Baron Jellachich no less than 30,000 inhabi-
tants, while Zombor and Baja had 19,000 and 12,000 inha-
bitants. I
Vienna papers and letters of the 16th publish ,it- dea iil- of
a battle which is stated to have taken place at T'tiic,anir on
the 9th instant, and in consequence of which the Hungarians
were forced to raise the siege of that place. Our correspon-
dent repeats the statements without vouching for their authen-
ticity. The battle is asserted to have lasted for twelve hours;
80,000 Hungarians were opposed to the united forces of Hay-
nau and Paniutine. The victory of the Imperialists was most
decisive. The quotation of prisoners made reaches as high a
figure as 6,000, besides whole detachments that deserted to
the Imperialists. No less unaccountable is the statement that
the Hungarian commander in this battle was no other than
Bern, as from t4p positions of the respective armies it ought
to be supposed that any Hungarian forces whom Haynan and
Paniutine might have met at Temesvar must be under the
command of Dembinski, Perczel, and Guyon.
The inhabitants of the city of Losonzs having murdered
some Russian marauders that had been left behind in their
place, Gen. Grabbe's troops have plundered the town and
burnt it to the ground.
From the Banat we have none but unauthenticated nt ws,
according to which the Hungarians have left Panczova and
the German Banat tor Verseez. It is also stated that Gen.
Mayerhofer has occupied Panczova, that part of Gen. Nu-
gent's division hai'crossed the Danube at Baja, and that the
landstrum of Lower .:ii rii has been raised to disperse any
disorganized bands of Hunrga 'ia- that might attempt to cross
the frontier. This last piece of intelligence acquires a parti-
cular significance from the well-known disaffection of the Sty,
rian population, from the weakly-garrisoned state of that pro-
vince, and from the information which-our correspondent gave
us a few days ago of riots in Styria. It is therefore possible
that the Austrian authorities have translated the riots in Styria
into a rising of the landstrum in that province.
FoITOM THE LONDON TIMES OF AUGUST 23.
"Tre can be now no doubt that the Diet in Hungary has
received a death-blow. A great portion of the army of Gen.
Gorgey-so we learn from a despatch of Gen. Haynanu-has
surrendered unconditionally at Arad to Marshal Paskiewitch.
It is needless to say that this is but the beginning of the end.
The successive surrender of the other Hungarian corps is but
a question of days and of detail.
It was but the other day the news reached us of the dating
and successful sally of the garrison of Comorn, and of the
capture of Rsab and of a vast quantity of military stores.
The Hungarian hussars were said to be dashing through the
suburbs of Presburg ; and Vienna itself, the capital of the em-
pire, was threatened with attack. Gen. Gorgey, who has
now surrendered with his army to the Russians, had just es-
caped at Losonz from the toils with which Marshal Paskie-
witch had encompassed him. Baron Jellachich was but in
evil case in the southern districts, and Gen. Haynau, near
Szedegin, remained in a position which certainly promised
no very speedy end to the contest.
Now all is changed. Gen. Gorgey and his army are pri-
soners to the Russians-Raab is recaptured-the Hunparanr
army in Transylvania has, so it is stated, been again defeated
at Muhlbach and Reussmarkt. Gen. Haynan is th posses-
sion of Temesvare and Marshal Paskiewitch of Grosswar-
dein. With regard to the position of Gen. Dembinski we
are somewhat at a loss for certain inmellieenice. The Polish
General was said to be collecting his forces on the left bank
of the Maros, between Arad and Szegedin ; but there is little
doubt that at the time we write, his levies must have been
defeated by the Austrian and Russian armies--if, indeed, they
have not anticipated defeat by an unconditional surrender.
Such are the main features of the intelligence that has reach-
ed us.
FROM THE LONDON TIMES OP AUGUST 24.
The great victory of Gen. Haynau at the battle of Tomes-
var, fought in the neighborhood of that city on the 10th in-
stant, and the submission of General Gorgey at the head of
his entire division, have appeared t. give an abrupt termina-
tion to the struggle; but in realiiy loth these events were the
results to which the whole plan of the campaign obviously
tended. From the moment that the advance of the main iodly
of the Russians had secured the line oh the rTppnr "'taciss, tihe
communication between Gorgey and the principal t.-it s uf the
Magyars wasobviously cui .'.rE Ihat tomin, nal inairsust-ed with
great skill and tapidity, so as to avoid a g, nma-al tacian with a
superior force :he berassed the re-ar ut 'hh Russian army, and
made more than one attempt to cut his way to the south.
But, aluh,-ush ih, r- ,.perarire-r ranged over a considerable ex
tent of c..uniry, they could not end otherwise than they have
done. Gorgeyr was acting without any regular basis, and with


.1


Pintuminue. liavsriiv the cl-see .1i thiemTatie P 111 fie 17' ifth-
stein's r--...rtv diviitoi- 'arrived, by good fortune, by the Arad
road anj mpleted the defeat of !ir en -emy It is probable
hat after ese tremendous tl.-w! K-Eauth and the Poles will
effect their escape across the Turkish frontier, and all organ-
ized resistance may, we hope, be cont.iderted .ii an end.
In spite of the violence of this contlliti, ani- the absolute tri-
umph which appears to have crowned the efforts of the Im-
perial armies, it is mori earniesildy to be hoped that the Aus-
trian Government wil dinmi-. ev. ry feeling of irritation to-
wards the defeated party, and proceed to reorganize the king-
dom of Hungary on terms which may n.vive Ihe I \,aity and
i-;.J flinqg Oflbart iil ianti prnit"n ot il- lInz-omit.i We
i-t c n-lnntly nidilntanird ihal iLheie hate bi-er thr.t-hou-l
Nhi. rnurrirtrih.n two partier- In H unga,--he j ne t u''"titlU.-
'y, the other not reirnluminary, tui nati.oiial the former has,
ne nru-, len riannihilaid ; the latter ba ,tights which no de-
feat can elfre, and iis rnamiunal thisrnar and spirit constitute
one of the blighitEt jewel1 in Ihe Inp[-rinil crown.
It is imndi-p.'nsi.lle f- fr ie welfare andl security of Austria
mid --f Hungarv that i t-0 te-uvgoro,.- ,hc tL -htu d be entwined
in the cnnsuiil.an ul the rumnarch\, astil hat tIhe State should
rest, itol ol the -uhjugatiun uof ember, but on the consolidated
areiqulalse utrni-- oi mfoit1. Aibove all, we trust that noth-
ifgw1l lead the Austrian GEtirimeri to reeI.nil tihe fatal ex-
,erm. nt o ul the Empar ol Ru -i, ily driving into exile the
most ardent and iri iligerat portion of his subjects, until they
become, like the P.lem, the Bedouins of Europe, because they
hare been deprived of their own natural and national rights.
It is the duty of a State to governem its subjects, not to exile
them, and still less to i.riici on foreign countries a population
which it cannot tender happy and contented at home.
The Austrian Cabinet still adheres to tlie eXecutli0nm ,1 lTe
great r.mitsiitunonal aprjpect of the 4th of Mlar h, by % hidh all
parts mt the elipire are tL. be confounded ini -ne vari .y-fn I"
ir'pres,-nlatile g.Jvcrnrtierii ; and it is obvi-,u Lt.ai, il ar, Na-
tional As- eily i.1 t ie practically invested with this amount
.,If -.uprin-e p.iw.r,siii sn Assembly must be one in its struc-
ture and authority, though it include, like the Imperial Par-
liament of the United Kingdiom, the representatives of three
or more nations. We have seen that the crown and the army
do ecnruitte a powerful and enduring bond of union between
'he ant..-u- provinces of the Austrian empire. The question
thicl i haa now to be decided is, whether the same connexion
can be maininamed by the common liberties and patriotism of
the people. Upon the success of that experiment depends
the'dissolution of the Austrian monarchy, or the gradual ex-
tension of union, civilization, and freedom to races and pro-
vineea which a jealo.uo and imperfect system of government
has kept too vild. apart.
In such a syatermof Government Hunaav w-ulhl claim and
exercise large, and perhap.- a I.ri-p.inrl.. r 'rit, and ir.-ugh h
we confess that we look with great doubt to the fulfilment of
a scheme which requires so many sacrifices of prejudice and
tradition, yet we are convinced that in the hands of an able
Minister and a liberal Sovereign, such a combination would
raise the Austrian empire from its ashes and promote the com-
mon welfare of all its members. In Hungary we believe that
no inconsiderable part of the population, from the highest no-
bles to the peasantry, will hail the return of peace with enthun-
siasm, and rally round the Emperor Francis Joseph; and
with reg.arI to Ithe Rusirn ini rvention, which cannot but
nave le Ithe- mn,, painlul imfrer-s.'iri in the country, we trust
the Emperor m RRus iri iii, give ithe mosteffectual proof of hii
diisintercs'd polity tby withdrawing his forces with the least
possible delay.
The London S.'i dard of the 24th ultimo .-,'
that nearly all ilime f-rnidn journals consider the
war with Hungary at an end ; for they contend
That whether the submission of the insurgents be
' general, or confined to the troops under Gorgey's
' command, t i-tn be of little moment, since
- the fact of the Dictator's surrender is undeniable,
' and this must have such a moral effect upon the
' whole army a- to r-enler all further attempts to
'oppose the Russo-Austrian troops worse than
' useless."
FRANCE.
The President of the Republic has determined le aive Parns
for a few weeks for the recovery of hi, health. He wveni on
Monday to St. Cloud to visit the palace, andir on thie illow-
ng day he was to-remove to that charming residence with the
A hole of his household. He prup...se to remain there until
the meeiniig .,f re .,Lgislative Assembly.
Leters I',in Lyons state that martial laws enforced in that
city with extraordinary severity.
SPAIN.
The ministerial crisis in Spain has been terminated by the
accepted resignation of M. Mon. Gen. Narvaez will not only
hold the Presidency of the Council, but also the portefeuil e
of finance, being assisted in the latter office by M. Olivan, as
under Secretary, and who f.rmt'tI', was Minister of Marine.
M. Pidal will be the Minisier of Foreign Affairs.
AUSTRIA AND SARDINIA.
'orre-poridenl gives us the following statement of the
c.inihi.1tins i ie l peace between Austria and Sardinia. The'
treaty c-.ntilmus four paragraphs, the sense of which is that
the amity between :ih.- two nations is to continue to the end
of time, anti that ihie rY ,ec' -territories and claims to ter-
ritories of the cantracin a ,dities shall be the same as they
were ante birir/, Tt.e mnletenriliamn-i is 75,000,000f.
t5,000,OOOt. of which are to be pard down at the end of Oc-
tober, and the rest in such instalments as to ensure the pay-
ment of the whole 'sum by the end of the year 1851. No
amnesty was Iiiuiult l tiii it was understood that all but the
most seriously in. ulpaieu persons should have a pardon for
their political delinquencies.
ROME.
The accounts received from Rome become daily worse and
worse. The f'r nt h Gorernment, it is said, is so disgusted
at the conduct of tt, ir 'aidiils that it has given notice to the
Court at Giaela, thai if tl* commi--i .n acting in the name of
the Pope should continue to act in the same spirit, and that
tie c..nrireqi encie ,-.iuhl be an insurrection 'among the Roman
people, It11 must i i l.,k to the French garrison for assistance
to suppress it.
The Paris papers state, that a most .aingry and determined
despatch had been athlre-leed Iy' the I"'R.tih Cabint L.i olhe
Pope, to the effect that France will insist, even by t tcA".Jaf
arms if necessary, on: having the reforms she has indicate'
adopted.
Accounts have been received from Gaeta, which leave no
-1,ubt as i, the iilentiet i of" Ite P.Lpe I') irtiuri n at no di:tant
priod to R- me.

A'LBEKrT #. PAAHNIS,
.11/.ri-et al Lirni, and Lantl ,nnd Gcr(irra .4:ent, mineral
P iiotl, I atiultin.
,'rlILL sitnd lai lhn rhia iir'.i.itll, tl .. 11 business eon-
, h.tld to htim. Il ,i,,R hcini fur s-: ,'rl )esi i Rlcgiist, r
of the Lmir- t)fe ;it Nitmrui Pmitt, he pa.c'.ev i,.,tih.ir if.-
tiirnibgCf [itr ih- traim oi.ti-im ot isnil nd r-'ll} htlrilileSs.
t i t h I ,i rn u i t d t o r l re t ,-
Hon. HBasBT Doni. United Stst-t Senrte-
Hon. RicnARD M. uum.,lte UanrivniiiSSorurr c.- ilir (;,ne-rat
I. iid i Hlli.; .
H[n. ,ItISis B rr aii IIL.t, Comminiaoner of the General
Lain Office.
Hon. T. Hla'rtnt CBAwxoaa-, Uidte., Stat- s .T.-lig,.
toan. A K. Pasams, Seuiid Coniipsrsllti l t tire Trea.ur),
sep --'2iv. w


L


-L,


0


m





C-) In. . ... 5.1',vS
Auistr'lam i ..... 5,.155,11)' i tg 6v9, ItS. I,;,
Cape Good Hope
and Mauritius. 5,099,365 11,035 24,7 3,171
Gibraltar &Mal-
t, &t Ionian Is. 24, .r6.7,.i 395,462 25,002 790
France......... 4,'9,t>47 11,946 52,288 49,191)
Holland....... 2,099,213 202,216 180,251 11,653
Belgium.... 7,752,209 57,185 118,978 14,362
Germany...... 35,902,603 616,51-2 235,896 16,062
Denmark and
Sweden....... 2,130,172 58,803 51,082 852
Russia....,... 2,050,680 9,542 35,650 1,949
Spain &t Portu-
gal........... *2t,249,787 619,458 4i,56C 896
Italy and Sicily 1 2.t,.;'a 42t. 76r,,4'-i -2"2,'si 2,938
Austria ........ t, ti.4 o, 1' ,0 107,754 946
United States... 4t,stI,Ti.l I1 148,39j4 882,283 107,827
Mexico....... 11,623,856 2,628,034 48,041 8,423
St. Domingo,
Cuba,&c....... 14,359,818 7,278,771 27,297 6,192
Brazil......... 4fG,,i1,,7.34 2,334,308 92,193 4,553
Other- parts of
South America 6;S,7i3,4,8 3,8329,968 386,011 42,314
Turkey&Greece 53.791,901 400,259 29,765 222
Egypt kS ria.. '2,2, 1i4,494 170,800 3,310
China......... -36,n1,4t,9.9 19,259 214,348 ,. 59
Jars, Singbprare,
& Pitl.ppine I[ 1,;,'.i9i6 252,707 18,479 703
Wseat Cnait lat
Airica........ 6,416,606 10,777 3,576 1,888
Azores and Ten-
eriffe......... 1,614,425 4,900 2,238 44
Algeria......... 2,259,840.......... 3,427
Cape Verde Is....... .......... -2, 13 i,
Other places..;. 912,487.......... .4,'27.1

r;42,t677,8ui.i 3S,'93'9,5 5, ,89S 3 7,8j t .i5. i."
"Portugal, more than 20.001 i.f thus, nine-,rnihh of it..
linen goods, and nearly tiu-lithtrds..'f the wiolena
This statement shows that of the goods shipped from Eng-
land during the last six months, the United States took more
than one fifteenth of the cottons, more than three-eighths of
the linens, and nearly one-third of the woollens, and about
the same proportion of the silk goods and goods of silk and cot-
ton, or silk and worsted mixed. More than one-fifth of the
metals exported were also received by the United States.. The
tables of the Board of Trade also show that very nearly one-
half of the sewing thread and cotton shipped from Great Bri-
'tain found a market in the United States; as also did one-
third part of the cotton hosiery, and gloves and shawls, and
r handkerchiefs, and one-third in value of the cotton goods not
enumerated. We should find very nearly corresponding re-
suits were we to go through the whole list of leading British
manufactures. Now, these facts are known to and made the
^ basis of action by statesmen and staticians, and our merchants
and manufacturers analyze and examine them minutely, and
their business calculations are established upon, and their pro-
ceedings regulated by them; but the greater part of the peo-
ple on both sides of the water, who are not immediately
affected by their operations, are gasrrely aware of their mag-
nitude and importance ; and you send us in return nearly all
the cotton that keeps our manufacturing machinery in motion,
the whole of the tobacco which we consume, and a very large
proportion of our rice ; whilst, in the article of breadstuffs, we
regard you a', and have found you to be, an exhaustless gra-
nary, equal to the supply of every necessity, and the removal
of every want. When, in addition to these business rela!
tions, we consider that the United States and Great Britain
have a common origin, a common language, religion, and lite-
rature, and laws founded upon the same great principles of
civil liberty and religious toleration, we rejoice at the assur.
ance we receive that the amicable relations between the two
countries possess every element of endurance, and augur well
for the progress of all the best interests of mankind, under
their enlightened and powerful protection.
The Canada question appears to be 'the only one which
can, by the remotest possibility, arise-to cause any difference
of opinion, or apparent clashing of interests, between the two
countries ; but a preliminary point or two must be settled be-
fore even this question can assume any disturbing relation be-
tween Great Britain and the United States. These points
are: Does Canada wish for a separation from the mother
country ? And, if she do, would it not rather be with a view
of establishing an independent position as a nation than a
connexion with the United States ? The comments of our
leading journals would lead to the inference that, at present,
no separation from England is desired'by Canada, and late
news from the colony states, in so many words, that if sepa-
ration should be sought, it would be with a view of establish-
ing an independent Government, friendly to, but by no means
connected with, the United States. It is, there .m.ee, apparently
a question between Great Britain and Canada, to which the
United States is not, in any way, a party. The Economist
d .-cu i, the whole question with great good temper and
ability, and, apart from all other considerations, and looking
at it merely as a commercial matter, decides that it is mani-
festly the interest of Canada not to merge herself in your re-
public, even if you were willing to take her. Annexed to the
United States, says the E aonomial, Canada would have to
pay in the English (her only) market a duty of 16s. a load
upon her timber, instead of Is., which she, as a colony, is
subject to; and this increased duty, calculaiing upon the ex-
ports of 1848, (1,200,000 loads,) would amount to no less
than "4t0,Ol,000-a Illeratly large annual deduction from the
profits -.f the Canadran exporter. Again : Canada has, as
an English coloniy, the advantage of importing the imanujac
tumed goods and the products of Europe, subject only to the
small revenue duty of 7J per cer-n.; and upon these, wereshe
part and parcel of the Uirted States, she would have to pay,
according to your present tariff, duties varying from 20 to 40
*per cent. We cannot calculate the increased tasarun which
would be levied upon the Canadians by the change; but this
increase, added to their diminished f rofits upon the exports
of timber, could not amount to less than .1,500,000 annu-
ally. What appeal to be wanted most in Can.ida it the pre-
sent juncture is a treaty with the Uunid States for a perfectly%
reciprocal free tra.e between the two eounlnies in the natural
productions-i of each. Canada, the Economist says, has done
every thing on her part to effect thibis end, and every hope is
entertained that the United States will not be backward to
complete the arrangement The American ship-owner will,
on the tsr Jsnuary, 1850, be admitt.d on equal terms with
the English ship-owner into the trade of Canada in the St.
Lawrence; and we look for cmnespondirg modnifeaions on
your part. When the pending arrangemems between you
and Canada are completed, and w*hen the latter derives the
advantages which she reasonably anticipates from the comple-
tion oa her canals, ands a few more months have developed
the benesirtal effects of the repeal of the navigation laws, Ca-


that the patt hu I been apprehended. The distance between,
Lndoni and Edinturgh abt..ui .191t m,nls. The c.omniumt
cation, thcrelrt, tura'slled ,uer nearly SOU miles; the vigi-
lant police at Edinburgh had to consider the information they
received, to concoct their plans, and to execute them ; and all
this was done, successfully, in less than one hour Thus,
had the criminal attem,.ied hetpta .e, by either land or water,
she had no chance .:. effecting it The steam engine, the
telegraph, and the well-informed and vigilant police, furnish
a combination of power which it appears vain to contend
against. Since that combination is so powerful in the de-
tection of crime, it may be reasonably hoped that it will aid in
its prevention.
The Theatrical season is over, and both opera houses have
closed; whether more than ,ne a ill ever open again as such
is very d,,ul.ful. -Mr. MAcnvABr will appear at the Hay-
market next season, at its commencement, for two months,
and be succeeded by Mr. and Mrs. Ki. *. Mr. Macready
will then close his theatrical career with another short engage-
ment. Among other on-dits connected win h ithi' gubjectis
the rumor that a j'ournpin of CetxzsR peri..rmers, of very
rare and eseffblrht-d t excellence, is about to appear in Eng-
land. The fame of the Chinese drama has not yet reached
us, but the novelty of such an affair would guaranty it a con-
iderable, perhaps an adequate portion of patronage.
The greatest literary novelty is Mr. PETTIGRaEW'S memoirs
of the "Life of Admiral Viscount Nelson," in two volumes.
The romantic history of Lady HAMILTON, as unfortunately
blended with the life, and affecting the character of Nelson,
really beats romance in its own domain ; her life reads like a
fable, and her death affords a wholesome moral lesson to the
world, but it was a woful and dreadful one to her. I send
you two long extracts from the Times upn this publication ;
the facts they recapitulate, the reflections which their recital
originates, and the moral teachings which the writer so justly
and powerfully inculcates, make their articles most striking
*nd interesting. They cannot fail tobe acceptable to your
readers.


NIEW FALL AND WINTER GOODS.-The sub-
scribers most respectfully inform their customers and
the public generally that they have just received their usual
extensive stock of new and fas',ionable GOODS, embracing a
complete assortment, suited to the present and approaching
season. As our purchases ot fine dress and fancy goods have
been exclusively from first owners in this country, we have no
hesitation to say we will sell cheaper than anry house in the
District, and as low as any house south of New York. Among
our assortment may be found the following, viz.
25 pieces rich Glace Silks, including all shades
50 do figured and striped Silks
10 do Armure Poult de Soies
10 do assorted colored Grosd'Afriques
20 do do Mousselines
10 do rich colored Satins
5 do white do do
5 do do watered Silks.
In half and'black mourning Silks we have-
5 pieces 5- black Gros de Rhines *
10 do 3-4 do -do do do
10 do 7-8 do do do do
10 do 4-4 do do do do
5 do 4-4 do rich and heavy plain black Silks
20 do black figured Silks, in dress patterns
5 do black watered Silks
15 do plaid half-mourning do.
In Woollen Dress Goods we have-
25 pieces Thibet Merinoes, assorted shades
10 do plain colored Cashmeres, do do
15 do high colored Thibet Merinoes
25 do rich figured Cashmeres, in dress patterns
50 do medium do *
30 do low-priced figured Cashmeres
25 do bright colored small figured Mousselines
25 do fine plain Mousselines
20 do high coldoed do
5 do pink Flannel
4 do crimson do '
3 do blue do
2 do scarlet do
2 do tbherry colored do.
In Ginghams and Chintzes we have-
25 pieces rich French Chintzes, new patterns
25 do oiled colored do do
50 do plaid French Ginghams, bright tul.,n 5
25 do low priced do
50 do British Prints.
In Lace Goods, Trimmings, &c. we have-
10 cartons rich Lace Capes
10 do medium-priced do
5 do low-priced do
5 do untrimmed do
5 do Lace Collars
5 do worked muslin do
10 do trimmed Standing Collars
10 do untrimmed do do
20 do do muslin do
100 low-priced do
5 cartons French worked Caps
50 black Lace Falls
25 white do do
50 piecesblsok Silk Laces, all widths
(50 do black and colored Silk Fringes
5 cartons Bobbin Edgings
5 de imitation Thread do
50 groce fancy Dress Buttons.
In Handkerchiefs we have-
20 dozen hemstitched Linencambric Hdkfs
20 do double hemmed do do
25 do plain bordered Linen do do
20 do do real Lineneambric do
3 do rich embroidered do do
3 do medium-priced do do
10 do riviere stitched do do .
I* do rich embroidered trimmed do.
In Hosiery we have-
10 dozen ladies' plain black Silk Hiot-
5 do .do do white do., cotton tops
5 do rio ; black ribbed Silk Hose
20 do do black raw silk do
10 do do colored do do
5 do do fleeced Silk Hose
4 do white raw do do
20 do ladies' patent Merino Vests
10 do do (do do do., long sleeves
20 do do brown English Cotton Hose
25 do do white do do
20 do do black* do do
20 do do do Cashmere do
20 do do Alpaca do
With a complete assortment of children's Woollen
and Cotton Hose.
FLANNELS.
We have just received the most complete variety of Flan-
eels ever brought to this city. We have-
Heal tVelsh Flannels
StLhr.field'ts itnt do .
Saxons '11)
Sssorn do
Staiis'kii do
R.-g(r,'ri patent unshrinking Flannels
Vs uh Ib, 11pi t-s Domestic Flannels, including 11 colors
and prices.
In addition to the abave we have an t stens;e assortment of
Domestic and Staple Goods, with a number of desirable Fan-
,y Gownds not enumerated above. All of hich we will exhi-
bit at all times with great pleasure, and offer at prices which
cannot fail to suit.
CLAGETT, NEWTON, MAY & CO.
Successors to D. Clagett & Co.
sept ll-6tif [Upion 3t]


DLnadawill, we truEst, enjoy a veny,vh degree of commercial
NATIO I LLIG ENC R. prosperity, and Great Britain reap the full satisfaction of hav-
__ :_____ ing bestowed on that colony such a measure of ftee and liberal

FROM OUR EUROPEAN CORRESPOp DET. institutions as may induce it to remain satisfied with iis pre-
sent position, until the time shall arrive, as arrive it urdoubt-
LONDON, AUOUST 22, 1849. edly will, when it can assume the right of self-government
Although quite willing to hope, and, from much with a less problematical chance of being able to sustain it.
.that we see andtear, induced to believe that higher 'The Times of this morning has a long article respecting Ca-
and holier ties 7F friendship and feeling bind tihe nada, and seems inclined to the opinion that a majority of the
United States and Great Britain together than those Canadians du nol teek anychange, but that more are in favor
of mere worldly interest, vet we know that those of a separate Federal Government than for a union with the
ties must be strengthened and multiplied by a con- United States. We cannotgo into this speculation, and
viction tllhat the commercial and oilither great nation- have only alluded to Canada with a view of substantiating
al concerns of both countries will be best advanced our opinion that there is not any cause, so far as that country
by the continuance of all possible friendly and is concerned, to dread a eln-iou between the United States
social relations between them. Whatever know- and Enemllanrd.
ledge may exist on Wur side of the water A barbarous murder in Bermondrey, in the borough of
in respect to England-and we are quite free Southwark, has attracted a gweat deal of public attention du-
to admit that in general yo knor' a great deal ring the last week; andthe electric telegraph and the police
more about us than we do about you-we are have been m-it efficient sads in thediscovery and apprehension
quite sure that, upon this suh.let ill particular, (the of at least oune ot oie perpetrat.-irs of the outrage. A person
extcttt of commercial intercourse between the two named Manning and his wife are supposed to be the crimi-
countries,) not one Englishman in a thousand has nals. The iIant London police discovered that two per-
any correct idea of the mimense importance which f i.- ame had ,al fromthe Tha.es fit the United
the United states, as a customer and consumer ol t.n fii na ha io ldff heT ship a Goernmend
her ntanuf'actures is ro England. '[he adilexed ."iates, con Ininand of rhe Vs'icoria pa. ker ship r a Gosernment
her manufactures is to England. The annexed ze yhit, the Fire taeer,, was dispatched alier the Vic.
suinimary of the exports of the chief aricle- of Bri- t r t, a the Fir I er h as disatc stheteic
ush inanutfacture, which have been shipped during o, an, though the ,t. a tr s srt, the o eram.-r
the six month-s ending on the 30th June last'rom sin came up with her, and boarded her, to tre consterLaII.II
the six months ending Olt ihe 30th June lastI'romn ol her p*egrt, r^ i, ,u,,dredt ,n nurt but the I'ug,.rv..-

London, Liverpool, Bristol. Hiull, and the Clyde, to her pimsciaer ,trree hundre in mustJw. ut the fugtie.
the various markets of the world, has been made ee int naming them. an t Fe Queen returned. d-
up withl great care from the tables puhhlished by the temnned was the G,,,enlment in the ,uatnesq, that if r e
Board of Trade, and will show the high psitiuonFreQue ail uceedd in reaching to VLiorid A his
which the United States holds among our cotiner- .-tromnb. i ieam n A.ap, under the eonmnd of L.,rd A tmehus
cial friends, and justify our preliminary ohberva- Beaucleik, would bae b teen immediately dsratched. In the
tons. There have been shipped as follows : mean tim,, hi ever, the 1..),oLn police had reasoi to sup-
______ pt hat NMrI. Msrrininn Ias. fleid t. E.Jdinburgh and at ten
Ss. I mtinuIes pasc OUr, on Tuesday alterni,'on, a I.legraphic mrs
______ C.Goods.Lin. g'ds ool. Slks. age was disparchEdl to iha ciLy, sari a description of tihe
.. I --. ,... la a',.t..i per.md ol thetuailisej.apd. strallee t niass salt~fllft-


ON THE HUNGARIAN ICATASTROP .

FROM THE NNW YORK cUMMtIt .L AILR.Elr ER.
The intensity of friendly interest with ich the
struggle of the Magyars was observed in sco ernn-
try is forcibly shown in the rema-.rks elicit %. its
disastrous close, both in pritate coiversan ias and
in the published comments ofl tihe press. C urse.
the few journals which have ntt yielded I etofore
to the swelling current olf entiu-mistic d rniined
belief that the Hungarians Inu.t and wtoul4. be the
victors-which have thought themselves r.mplledlohnwever
reluctantly, to anticipatethetriumpb .:.fr nught overt rght, and
to expect that superiority in numbers, in cannon, Ma all the
munitions of war must carry with therin uccesg, ev@-i aeaiiii
the utmost courage and the tetl of cau-.s-ihes.eiew j...ur-
nals, of course, do not escape their share of thia4vgrelful
anger excited by the tidings; and we may add ihaLtfihey have
not expected to escape it. Men convicted of eironeoas judg-
ment are prone to set k a partial solace for their wounded
self-love in iesenltment against th..e s.h.) have not shared
their error.
Itfis perbars a work ol ,upererogarii.n-I'remature and ure-
less-to speculate on the 'ulure nilh regaril to the Huiga.
riane arnd their present coinqutrors, con,iicring how very im-
pi l'ect are our rpesnis ol informaii.)in jut iriw, and how very
much we hase to I.arn, within heb. iei tf w wetk6;,concernm-
ing all the talihie-, th, preeedern-, ridn iicideiuti Of ithe crisn.s
juil made krn.lwn io ue. But we hase a itr.,tg deiae .I iex-
press'.,)r beliel that the lamenLtaio, ni .-r the Jrseavts l' the
Hungaridans, ultered in the Gist momentri nL grief ld drsalp.
pointmen', are almat as much chatig-d with exaggeratton a<
were the piesous r.j.icinga over their confidcnily expec'rd
triumIi hi. It sppeai to he assumed, a, a thing which ran-
not poisstihl be otherwise, that the unhappy Hungqrlans are
to be forthwiih @ven over to the scord, the bulletand the
scatffold ; that Iheir land is to be rasagcd with 6t, their
homes made desolate, the cruellest dernon of desjUa j;J
geance to be liati j 'a


THE DANCING GHOSTS.
A CtHIPPEWA LEGEND.

That beautiful phenomenon known to the white man as the
Auiora Borealis, or Northern Lights, is called by the Chip-
pewa Indians fe-bi ne-me-id-de-wand, or the Dancing
Ghosts. The legends accounting for it are numerous, and
the following, which was related to the translator by a Chip-
pews hunter, named Keesh-Chock, or Precipice Leaper, is
quite as fantastic as the phenomenon itself. That it t a very
ancient tradition is evident fiom the fatt that the sacrifice to
which it alludes has not been practised by the Chippewas for
at least a century.
There wai a time when all the inhabitants of the far North
were afflicted by a famine. It was in the depth of winter,
and the weather had for a long time been so cold that even
the white bear was afraid to leave his hiding place. The
prairies were so deeply covered with snow that the deer and
the buffalo ",ere compelled to wander to a warmer climate,
and the lakes and rivers were so closely packed wilh ic" that
it was only once in a bhile that even a fish could be .btained
Such sorrow as reigned thiiughoui ih- land had neser before
been known. The magicians and wise men kept themselves
hidden in their cabins. The warriors and hbinti-r, inreiead of
bohstinig ef their explonits, crowded around their camp-fires,
armid in til-. ne luediiaed upfi their unhappy d)om. Mothers
abl',ndrdonrd their c hihdr. i to s.:k our berirsf in the desolase
'.)it-l, anrid the fingers o l the young wuni-r, hat become stiff
frum Ilpnis, f...r ihley had u.a any skin- out ul whrch to
mike ihe c.nirrtible mocca-irn From one end A. the L'hip-
perva country to the .oher was heard ihe cry ii hunger ranl
d-itesas. Thai the (iral tSpirit was anry nwith hi, pe.,ple
was univetsally lbeheied, but four what reason none of the
magicians cunld tirll Ther cli-f ,.f the Chnip.pewas was the
oldest mai in the nal.in, naid lie was ronisuleird in regard to10
Ihe impending ralarniily.. He could givr no reason fir the
lamine, but stated that h- had been jui,.rirte.-l in a dream Ihit
the arngtr of the Great pjrit cruld be appeased by a Lunman
I M tfflr build cT,' rYdp as, hJW CTb he cuuld

the mndiremte-mFri, n., live Iwitlhin a day', journey for it,.
purpose uf c.,niuthii-, with ihem. Hre lid .., ans1 when the
C,,unoit wa ended in was proclaimed rlih ithrcr Crtippi-nw.'
should be immeditaely bound to the stake and consumed.
They were to be selected by lot from among the warriors of
the t-ribe ; and, when this sad intelligence was promulgated, a
national assembly was ordered to convene.
The appointed time arrived, and, in the presence of a large
multitude, the fatal lots were cast, and liree of the bravest
men of the tribe were thus appointed to the sacrifice. They
submitted to their fate without a murmur. Whilst their
friends gathered around them with wild lamentations, and
decked them with the costliest robes and ornaments to be
found in all the tribe, the youthful warriors uttered not a word
about their untimely departure, but only spoke in the most
poetical language of the happy hunting~grounds upon which
they were about to enter. The spot selected for the sacrifice
was the summit of a neighboring hill which was covered with
woyds. Upon this spot had three stakes been closely created,
around which there had been collected a large pile of dlry'
branches and other combustible materials. To these aakrs
at the hour of midnight, and by the hands of the magicians,
unattended by spectators, were the three warriors securely
fastened. They performed their cruel duty in silence, and
the only sounds that broke the stillness of that winter night
were the songs and The shouting of the multitude assembled
in the neighboring village. The incantations of the priests
being ended, they applied a torch to the fagots, and, return-
ing to their village, spent the remainder of the night in per-
forming a variety of strange and heart-sickening ceremonies.
S Morning dawned, and upon the hill of sacrifice was to be
seen only a pile of smouldering ashes. On that day the
weather moderated, and an unusual number of hunters went
forth in pursuit of game. They were all more successful
than they had been for many seasons, and there was an abun-
dance of sweet game, such as the buffalo, the bear, and the
deer in every wigwam. A council was called, and the pa-
triarch chief proclaimed the glad tidings that the Great Spirit
had accepted their sacrifice, and that it was now the duty of
his children to express their gratitude by a feast-the feast of
bitter roots.
The appointed night arrived, and the bitterest'roots which
could be found in the lodges of the magicians were collected
together and made into a soup. The company assembled to
partake of this feast was the largest that had ever been known,
and, as they were to conclude their ceremony of thankfulness
by dancing, they had cleared the snow from the centre of their
village, and on this spot were they duly congregated. It was
a cold and a remarkably clear night, and their watch-fires
burnt with uncommon brilliancy. It was now the hour of
midnight, and the bitter soup was all gone. The flutes and
the drums had just been brought out, and the dancers, deck-
ed in their most uneouth dresses, were about to enter the
charmed ring, when a series of loud shootings were heard,
and the eyes of the entire multitude were intently fixed upon
the northern sky, which was illumined by a most brilliant and
unesaithl.v tight. It was a light of many colors,, and as
changeable as the reflections upon a summer sea at the sunset
hour. Across this light were constantly dancing three huge
figures of a crimson hue, and these did the magicians pro-
claim to be the ghosts of the three warriors who had given up
their bodies for the benefit of their people, and who had thus
become great chiefs in the spirit-land. The fire by which
their bodies had been consumed had also consumed every
feeling of revenge ; and ever since that remote period it has
been their greatest pleasure to illumine by their appearance
on winter nights the pathway of the hunters over the snowy
plains of the North. L.

How TO BEAt ILLNATUIEn CRITIcisM.-The main com-
fort, under injurious comments of any kind, is to look at them
fairly, accept them as an evil, and calculate the extent of the
mischief. These injurious comments seldom blacken all crea-
tion for you. ~A humorous friend of mine, who sufferedsome
time ago under a severe article in the first newspaper in the
world, tells me that it was a very painful sensation for the
first day, and that he thought all eyes were upon him, (he
being a retired, quiet, fastidious person ;) but, gjiing into his
nursery and finding his children were the same to him as
usual and then walking out with his dogs and observing that
they frolicked aboat him as they were wont to do, he began
to discover that there was happily a public very near and dear
to him, in which even the articles of the Times could make no
impression. The next day my poor friend, who, by the way,
was firmly convinced that he was right in the matter in con-
troversy, had become quite himself again. Indeed he snapped
his fingers at the leading articles, and said he wished people
would write more of them against him.-Friends in Council.

LOAFING.
Speaking of landlords reminds us of an amusing incident
which transpired a few days since. A shabby-genteel indi-
vidual, with a semi-philosophic look, sauntered into an office
in Nassau street, with the owner of whtch he was acquainted.
On entering he was greeted with-
"Ah, Sam How are you. Glad to see you."
"Bad," said Sam, shaking his read ruefully. "Every
body does badly in the present state of society. Now-a days
the rich grow richer and the poor poorer. The employer preys
upon the producer, and times will not get better until society
is reorganized." -
Well but, Sam, don't y.u tbink it would be better for
you to go to work ? You now live on the working classes as
much as any body else, and you do nothing for the world."
"I, I," said Sam ; "I do more for tire world than if I


IT


THE LAW IN NEW JERSEY.

EssEx OFrr An) TiaiMxSa, MoeisAy, SEPTr. 3.
John Barnhard, a German, form Rahway, was tried for an
assault and battery upon his wife. It appeared that bhe in-
terfered Witih his punishment of his children, and got slapped
in the face, but not very hard.
Chief Justice GaRzEEN made a brief t-u most mphaic charge
to the jury, in which he said that there was a time, in the
history of common law, in which a man was allowed to beat
his wife with a rod not larger than his thumb, and a tim',
still earlier thLan that, when he was allowed to beat his wile
at discretion, and turn her out of doors ; but, in tts.f fnlight-
ened and christian age an]d ountr., he held that nd man had
a right to strike his ,.'Jf at all. If rhe interifred with a
proper discipline in his dume.tric relaioni, he might aesirain
her, but the law would not juLtil'v him in Strikming a single
blaw. -*
It hadl alsota ine a Ire-jiuent custom in the eourt, inr males
oi foreign cumin als, for th m ti plead the cuLtoms of their re-
spe.live couitl. in mnititaion of their crimes, euch as in
cioei of violation of ...r Iars retb'eilir' the obsrsance of the
Sat.bath, &c., in which they urge the cutoim of their coun-
*riis, ifral allied a diil-retii obsearvance from that adopted in
this country ; also iA suecD ras as this, that the prisoner would
hase beet, allowed to hip lis wife, &c. ; but in hit cournIiy
hb held that nr ..uch pa Should hate the slighle5it might.
(Our tIrf cuniy extenid- ir1 open arms to the people of every
land, andi atff'ids Iern ithe bernit ,f our liberal insriitiuti-,
adI the lea.t theiey can du in return for ihee pri ilegs is !to obey
the laws aiid custonis we hale adopted,
The jury, alter a fea minute,, returned a verdict of Guilty
against thfe prrtnner.

The way in which the Water Power of New
Engihnd is turned to account is shown in the follow.
ing pairagraph Iromn a Maisaichusetis paper :
PB'.:'TICrI I.'E or LIKEs \ W r irrsEoEx.-The Land
and VI aler <._)rmsar, owning the lacrore. at1 l elland
elseahcre on the MerrimaLk, purclasedI a few Veaii.Ce tke
Iighi B l the water nr It,ah %
C ,-mitufr- a a r-'i ri,.,ir ij the -upply of 'aetr lu Ithe
M1`irrin,ak ,duriI., the m..rilti %hen the river is at a low ebb.
I'.o .h'aain ihe cimmranid ,i the water a new channel has
tTen \i.I, aeid taarrltkI to the old one. This enables them
to command eight feet of water in depth of the whole surface
of the lake. The supply thus obtained is invaluable. For
some weeks past the Merrimack has been so low that, with-
out !hia supply, many of the cotton mills could have worked
but i ., nrLon nof their machinery. Some one has said that
the aid thus obtained is worth a thousand dollars a day to the
manufacturing companies. A ririgle inch rer day upon the
surface of the lake will usually be "all that is required, and
hence the eight feet will arsird a supply for ninety-six days.
It will be remembered that the lake is about twenty-two
miles in length an.] from one to ten in breadth, and besides
this has a large number of bays--hence, by a depression of
a single inch upon the surface, an immense quantity of water
is drawn (ff. This advantage is one which but few rivers
possess in the dry season, and gives additional value to the
water power of the Merrimack.

I OLU 11G LADIES' ACADEMY OF THE VISTA.
Ti (N-ceorgetown, D. C.
T -I'E roarse of instruction comprises Ofitlr.grsjit, Read-
jl g. Ml% rIng, Arithmetic, Grammar. .\A ,eet and Mo-
I., n (t.gr.l.3, the use of the Globes, Prose and Poetical
Composition, Sacred and Profane History, Mythology, Rhe-
toric, Astronomy, Moral and Natural Philosophy, Chemistry,
Mineralogy, Botany, Geometry, Algebra, Book-keeping,
French, Spanish, Italian, and Lalin languages; Music on the
Piano, Harp, and Guitar; Vocal Music ; Drawing ; Painting,
in water colors, in oil, and on velvet; Plain atnd Ornamental
Needle-work, Tapestry, Lace-work, Bead-work, &e.
TERMS.
Board and tuition, per annum.........................$150
Half boarding....... ro............................ 60
Tuition for half boarders and day scholars according to their
class.
Tlhe laniqig,-a, music on the pIiano, harp, and guitar, vocal
nruic, ira ir.g, painting, in watercolors and in oil, and dancing
fotrm extra charges, which will be made known by applying at
the Academy, or by writing to the Directress.
Pupils received at any period of the year.
aug 11-cpeolm
WASHINGTON (Pa.) FEMALE SEMINARY.,
Mrs. Sarah R. Hanna, Principal.
THIS institution has Ieen in successful operation for thir-
teen years, the last nine under the direction of the pre-
sent Principal.
The year is divided into two sessions, of five months each.
The winter term begins on the first Monday ot November ;
the summer term on the first Monday of May.
The catalogue tor 1849 shows an attendance of 200 pupils,
with eight efficient teachers. The present senior class num-
bers 23.
Where payment is made in advance, the charges for board
and tuition in the English branches are $65 per term, or $130
per annum.
For board and tuition, together with Music, Drawing,
Painting, and the French language, $105 per term, or $210
per annum.
Notwithstanding the loss by fire of one of the buildings, the
Trustees lake pleasure in stating that it has been replaced by
another affording improved accommodations for an increased
number of pupils.
Young ladies educated as teachers are sent to different sec-
tions ot the Union upon application to the Principal.
By order of the Truistees.
D. McCONAUGHY, President.
C. M. REEn, Secretary. augai-
WIE I'TY DOLLARS REWARD.-The above re-
ward will be kiven for the detection of the thief who broke
into my shop on Sixth street, through the back window of the
National Hotel, on Sunday afternoon the 9th instant, and stole
therefrom sundry articles ot value, amongst which were two
diamond rings, worth about fifty dollars. Also the contents of
the money drawer, with various other articles. The rings
were very good, and put up for raffle ; one of them was set
with two diamonds and an emerald. 1 hii ring was somewhat
worn, and had the mark of 10 on the inside. The other was set
with a single diamond, and was solid. The above reward
will be given for the recovery of the goods and the appre-
hension of the thief. JOHN H. GIBBS.
sep 11-s3tif (Baltimore Sun)
SOI.LELCI(bf DE ,II;EL.AS ExCUC;IDA,por
los Mejores Ingenios Espanoles, 1 vol.
Vida y hechos del picaro Guzman de Altkrache, por Mateo
Aleman, 1 vol.
El Bacehiller de Salamanca; El Observador Nocturno; y
El Diablo Cojuelo; 1 vol.
Novelas Ejemplares y Amorosas de Dona Maria de Zayas,
1 vol.
Cervantes, Novelas Ejemplares, 1 vol.
Cervantes, Galatea, y El Viaje al Parnasso, 1 vol.
Cervantes, Trabajos de Persiles y Sigismunda, 1 vol.
Tesoro de los Romanceros y Cancioneros Espanoles, 1 vol.
Gil BIas, &on Quijote, Ice., and. a small collection of the
more celebrated Spanish historians, poets, and dramatists, just
imported direct from Europe by FRANCK TAYLOR.
Books, stationery, or any tidng else, imported to order
from any part of Europe. sep 11
IANOS, PIANOS, PIANOS 1-The ajbseriber re-
spectflly informs the Public that he has now on hand an
excellent assortment of Pianos, Guitars, &e., which will be
sold great bargains. The Pianos range from six to seven oc-
taves, and are of the very best German makers, equal, if not
superior, to any now to be found in hih D.;srkit. Also some
of his own make, which are hit hl reo.'rit.:,iiIvt by Profes-
sors. A fine assortment of Gthn, r, of different styles and
manufacture; a number of second-hand pianos for sale or rent.
All the above instruments will be sold astonishingly low for
cash or good paper. Pianos taken.in exchange.
J KAHI.,
Importer and .Manul ,eur.rcr ul Pians.
sep 11--t south side Pa. av., t,,-t it, ,r.,l I lIh iitrects.
S EED WHIIEAT.-The subscriber has this day received
two hundred bushels prime Zimmerman Seed Wheat,
which he offers in lots to suit purchasers. Also in store, prime
new-cropTimothy, Clover, Orehart, and Herdsgrass Seed.
Ill ZHU(;H COYLE,
sep 10-3tawlw National Agricultural Warehouse, 7th st.
NT EW and SPLENDID CABINET FURNITURE,
IasIrg ireIlur.l-d artn..ig nrt.ets with screral extensive
,',iiicn'l f t i ,i 11 t i:f.,bl]li nm ils iri Pt'riri.) Iala is a,,l Nsew Jersey
l..r a L..,....ri siish^; ':.' e- rs description of Cabinet Furni-
Irre, Cl,.]n =, N,. Me resp.-sil'ull invite the attention of such
as wish to purchase to call and examine our assortment,
whi,.h, f,.r t};le, fli,,iast.l [,rise, we are confident will omu.
pare sllll ,ir r thee esteLbhlshnr:nt in ihis city. Our terms


lards.- -T III


)
)


. I


It is true that from the Aultrian (Cotinet Be eipeit little
show of magnanmntyv or oi m.rt Nut t e do iot beliesr,
that he Erpleror Niebulai is tIro.,e t. cruflty, ur likely io be
actuated by any revengeful feeling D acts of air.i.city upon
the brave people against whom he las thought it .I, duty to
send forth his legions, for the suppression of what he con-
siders a dangerous and subs, i-ine ft-l-.vur iyrie .f what
he huld, to be lawful authirtny, aid dsoagious, in his belief,
to the welfare of his own d-.rmtrnio. In I't it 11 sema proba-
ble to us that a marked inference it to be drawn from the al-
leged fast that the surrender of the 'ungarians was iadespe-
cifically to the Russian forces ; itirslies, if we are noit drici-
ed, a confidence on the part of Goirey, and th.,ce rtho acied
with him, that a much better fate vas to be expected from
Nicholas than from Francis, or fatherr from those whom
Francis has about him.
And apart from the good qualitiekof the Ptus-iar,'s nature,
it may not be at all improbable that notiveofl pi-o'h ill g,) -
ern him to the advantage of :le Hutariiauins; for NiCholas is
eminently a politic Sovereign, far-sigted, and taking habit-
ually large views. Already it is mov -than whispoed that.
the Russian alliance is looked upon-isas for some time been
looked upon-with regret and alarm, given by the Justrian
Cabinet, which, in its terror and despair, solicited and claim-
ed it; much more by the Austrian peoph, and, to a conside-
rable extent, the Austrian army. Suposing Nicholas to
have ulterior views upon Austria, or Attrian territory, or
territory which Austria might not be willinT to see possessed
by Russia, is it not reasonable or at least allowable to sup-
pose that Nicholas may have a powerful interest in making
the Hungarians his friends ? May it n.-t ', within the scope
of his policy to play them against the Austriam hereafter, and
at present to hold with them good terms, rather than'exaspe-.
rate and embitter them by oppressions and crudties ?
We are sorry to perceive, in connexion witl this subject,
a very hasty disposition to charge the Hungariai Gorgey with
base treachery-with being seduced by Rus.iangol.i. Is this
probable ? Does the suspicion naturally arise frm the known
circumstances ? It appears that he was appoirled Dictator,
instead of Kossuth-presumably by the authority, of the lead-
ing Hungarians. The inference is Ihat a knovns difference
existed between him and Kossuth ; that difference probably
related to the continuance or cessation-of the vrar; and it
seems to follow that Gorgey's views were -Phtiugrh ar.,
prudent by the majority. This consideration, n hv in,, ap.ari
from all we haie heretofore been told of the man, otght to
shield him from such a random accusation of the'basest
treachery.

FRENCH AFRICAN EXPLORING EXPEDITDN.

Amongst the news recently received from Senegal, thtCou-
rier de la Gironde notices an event which cannot fail ti have
the happiest effect on our naval commerce, so cruelly h.ireid
by the conquerors of the 21th of February. An exspdiltio
attempted by Captain Bonet, on the Grand Basanm rn,.r, has
produced results which would appear fabulous had ii t n.Ol
acquired a great degree of authenticity from the very lonice
whence they emanated. On the 4th March last NIM Iuc,
then commanding the Serpent, succeeded in rossing rlfie lht
of the river, which has acquired such an eel reputatioi, au-I
his entrance was hailed by salvos ofarnlleTv frouM the Iri Ad
the ships in the harbor. The dangers ,of the euplt.ran t\tE.
dition erre terrible. Of four officers, ('sptain .lAupi.' B nurt
kLst three; the fourth, with the surgeon, andl a ft, white
seamen, whom he succeeded in saving, rrturnal ii Rlance in
a condition truly deplorable. M. Bout hintrslt rassnaskedd
by illness no less than ibtee times; but hit. nerrv ,aq tnot
in the slightest degree subdued by sickne,' "' hkanrks I,:n
Heaven," says the letter which apprize. u. if these detai--,
"he has succeeded, and the happiest r,-utin have :rownned
his enterprise. He has discovered two nusgticrel lties,
where palm oil is so abundant that the shif had] na te@.sel
enough to hold it N,.tv. accordingto tie ,-tlers thaaietslis,
palm oil gives a .prfit of l 1.1 per cent., as hlt ;old or. 1itl-I
50 or 60." The ad4fining villages are said i ove, lfc I"nh
produce of all sorts. Capt. Bouet has, however, Visted un-
known regions, established relations, andi aminrtcd lep-owtr
of France in the midst of a country these iry tnnire oftnh gold
trade, the only commerce hitherto carried on at Grond Bas-
sam. He has Jic.avtered, what all ,kilful ee..'iapheraslieadvly
suspected, thai the tirand Bassam i a cOhflunuit of thi N ier.
-It being the dry seas.ni, the wani tof war pir-vrnted its ex-
ploration ; but in the rainy season there are as feet d waler,
and the river m&) be ar-cended as far as the airacriars Abou-
esson, fifty leagues distault. At that place the trateller is
within sixty I:agues ,.f egog, and the cu re ul lh.' Niger i
still continued. Thu ihe ir articipliti..ns u al atpl. Buet8 a4.
confirmed, and every day alduces fresh pro.fs,:.ftheircorreci
ness. When the -leam,-r Gu-ruandtr proceed to Grind Bas-
sam, that vess.li, hiith ,ily dras, two fee-l cfwaLtr,vdll en-
tirely solve the prntT., l'hus wll arnivrd and ell-su.p-
plied vessel will pineir iae to the intri, ror ul Ihe cji, ayv, Ita
versing a district r which C'apl BouLt lin .ien a Ihrt lnn-
self, and which i- the enlrop,.t and the ias-age foir iheravans
of the gold and citk nie-rhani, and where ihe ailla'-a4cptan
discovered arid inhrlei-d lr tIwo da a ntvy more sn rent ald
more important than TLtIbuIoo.i. '1 nri,.t write a vlunme,"
concludes the leirt.r, -'wrre I to alienp n.i .relate ihedangers
and adventure- of the axprditi.n. Ih is pobat.le thsja copn
of M. Bouet's rp.rt i will he tranimmeil to the Chaober at
Commerce, and alierwardi pubhlshed."--Lit Prsse.

LAZT BEATsr4.-It is a curinous fact, ays a trapepr, that
among the beavers tbhee are some thai are lazy and will nut
work at all, either o aiistat in building ludges or dams, or to crut
down wood for their tier sarlok. The jirltU-.t nl0 oid as bi, a
these idle fellih-, anrd drire thn, awa- .Irrimetine s ult-
ting offa part f lh,.itr tlm, dri. ...thertive injuring them. '1 he
'Paresseux' are nj.ne ea.il, Caughl in iraps i h:n the olhel,
and the iraf.per rarely misses -n, of ihm. 'Tbfy only die a
hole from the witer rurining uiihJely towardnls the suril'face of
the ground twiwty five or thirty leet, fr,,mn which ihey emerge
when hungry, to obtain mfo.d, iemining [o tie ,anme hole w.ih
the wood they procure io e-al the bark They tritar furm
dams, and are aomeltnmn's to the number uf fi'e or seven to
geLher; all are mali-. It is not at all impriNaitie that thes-e
unfortunate fellows have, as is the case with tIhe males of
many species ol animal, been engaged in fighting wnith ihersi
ol their sex, and, aft, r having been conquered and driven
away tram he ladioe, have becomrie tidlers Ir.im a kmd .f ne.
ceailty. The working bedavers, oin LIe c.nlrary, assoeiale
males, females, and vouunrgtoge,her. -Audribu,. 4 Bachfiaun'
A son of Mr. WILIAM CAiw, of Cleelaind, Ohto, al.uu'
sixteen years old, was aeci.lenially sl-ri rn the li& instatrt.
He had been hunting, and a' iht- time tl ihe accident inas-
standing with ite hunt of his gun upon the gr.iund and ire
muzzle against or near his mouth. Tw.i bh~ys were wresiltra,
and one threw the other against the gun, .r tking the lock and
distharging it. Thie cntlenns, a load at stihr, pa-ei through
hbs cheek, t'racluritin bat1h jaws and cutting ris I'.lace iteadlui-
ly. The physician called thnnlks a pail o"h ibharge passed
into the btain.*

TATIONERY of every kind, and Blank Books, at cheap
prices. TAYLOR & h lAURY'


Cla k, Lniwthi, and ma) othpr wineicrs on the Scriptures;
uhtl Irnerious uoe-td table sid eihgra itg of Scripture scenes,
iluat r.tis: .l the tni,iers, tsr.,inus, antiquities, &c. of the
ancients. TAYLOR & MAURY,
sep 11 Publi I.e', near 9th street.
D R AYS N N ltrminF RstFT HE %IrtfNIA %10..
NONGALIA LOTTERY, Class No. 109, drawn llth
September, 1849.
J. W. MAURY & CO., Managers.
75 22 51 61 58 27 46 68 69 28 29 9 26 70
On Tuesday,
VIRGINIA MONONGALIA LDTI'ERY, CLAss 110.
sPLEwir1 sc SCHEaE.,
I prize o............,iX) 1 prize of........ $3,0OW
I do o'. ......... l, 1 do o... do1....... .. 2,568
1 do of........... 5,000 10 do of......... 1,000
&c. &e. &c. &c. IC
Tickets a Halves $2.50-Quarters $1.26.

$50,000--$25,0o0.
On Saturday eptimber 15-,
VIRGINIA MONONGALIA Lur F FER', Glass 112, draws.
S P I F % [1 n SCHBEM,
I prize 1 J...... *.Pi, r10u 1 prize of......$5,145
1 oi ............5,ta r 10 do........ 2,000
1 Id,..........Iui,Qu, i 10 do........ 1,500
I do .......... ,00 10 d ............i.i.I
&L. 61e, ,&I. &C. &C.
Tickets $16-Halves 7 .O-Quarlers d3.i5-Eighiths 1.87.
For sale by J. & C. MAURY, Agents,
sept 10-dI Alexandria, Va.
Flant Company, Flrst Regiment,


ANN-I






PONTPO1 EMENT OF THE NATIONAL (COM-
MON SCHOOL CONVENTION.
T the suggestion of several State superintendents and
other i, fluenial friends of the ausieot popular education
in, diftiftit sections ofthe Union the meetan; of he National
Convention .i the fii. rels of Common Scho Is, which was to
have taken ptla.1- in titi iy on the 2d instant, hasbeen post-
poned to the 17th of October, on account of the prevalence of
the cholera throughout th, country.
,rtlfficers of Cnrvenir, tnior Akis"l-iio-.s rl,.ei haWe ap-
pronmed delegates sill pleasr twirIrl to ithe Corre-ponding
Secretary the nimes uft persons appominted as di.legat i.
B3 order ot Local Crrniite of Arrangetrnelti.
JOS R.CHANIILEK thliairrns-.
ALruD E.Wnir.HT, Corr, spunding StLretir)
Philadelphia, Anguit I, 1 I'.
BT MARTIN & U'0.
' HOPITALI1 I, HEALTH. A,.i) HILARITY."
The ,1 Inter tlork.
I)issolve 'iigua, ligra super i' fo large reponder, atque 4
beri nirs deprome quarlniumr Sa.blrni "
"In tb,-e elim-s ,litre Nature, with lavish h,,l, sionta-
neuh'ly slupplies the satnis no main, sind hcre his niil, un-
brnkenr, by care, repairs uits primeval Ir, shnei ani rig..r, with
her r.iher bounies she besalon him the git' if l riro as if it
arre essential to the proper sustenamie of life. In those less
I,,.re d lands, where ns mar. is di,nnrl to loil ; in the artificial
eiihztion nl mode ii errmmercial countries, where the hu-
man mind a s harassed, wearied, and overwrought by the cease-
It ls 'struggle "r exilene, in rcry sphere of exertion, how
much more necessary the cordial of generous wine to cheer
[le lot and gladden the heart ot man !"-Southey.
IMPORTANT AND EXTENSIVE SALE by auction,
Iiithout reserve, of.35, cises rI tI.e fir,e.t WINES and LT-
QUORS, and 24 demrijohns old COGNAC BRANDY, &c.,
hiring ihe iJurth and cnclnluding sale for this season, and em-
bracing a grent sariely or the choicest brands and vintages of
lthe %tt.e-gros.,ng c,.uirlrie", to be sold by aueu.in., *10A i -i.
Nrs[.s arTesRanO.O, r.he *2ih instant, at 4 o'clock, b% I \.-
TIN & ('0., Autioineers, at the store adjoining Hoover &
Sun'a, on Penasylvania avenue. Terms cash, in bankable
lunrds
6 cases Page & Co.'s Imperial Pale Sherry, a very choice
wine, full body, fine flavor, and highly esteemed, 1141.'
8 casts Symlngt.n'a superior old Trinity Port, a soft, mild,
fruity sine: free from spirhituous adulteration, andu suited for
lanily use, 1843.
16 eases Sneyd & Co.'s (Cadiz) superior Amontillado Sher-
ry, possessing all those qualities which have paused this wine
to be iqu. h r.:|iute.
5 eases MNgniin t CO.'s superinoi ot cld eral Ma.-ira, a
1 i, rich, fr.-tfl-dalbrel wine, Ir e torn acirtitr. And ol great
age and purityi. 18.13.
c16 eastis first qialihr) Amontillado Sherr), Juhr, D. G,,r-
don's brand, a vintage of high repute, mild, rich, delicate fla-
vor, 1843.
9 cases Harmony & Co.'s superior old Pale Crusty Port, a
r;h nell.). wine, full body, free from brandy, and strongly
renirmrrmded., 1840.
15 cases Hamilton & Co.'s fine Amoutillado Sherry, spe-
cally selected for its superior quality, very mild from age,
1835
12 eases Claret, "Chateaux Margaux," in onrigirl import-
ed cases, a choice genuine wine, 1846.
13 cases Harris & Co.'s "pure juice" superior old Port, a
fine wine, rich sweet flavor, free from any adulteration, and
highly recommended, 1840.
6 cases "Cruz del Husillo" Sherry, Harmony & Co.'s
brand, lItgfl, ti ,.-emrd. and ranking No. 1 with Gordon's,
1841. .
14 eases Hamilton & Co.'s Particular Old London Dock
Madeira, a splendid old wine, free from spirit, fine flavor, and
strongly recommended, 1831.
9 cases Alvarez Domeg's superior Straw Manizanilla Sher-
ry, the standard liesrage of the Spanish gentry, 1840.
14 cases Snry. N Co 's Old Fruity Port, rich ruby color,
fine body, and crusty flavor, much recommended to invalids,
1842.
3 cases Madeira Sidonia, Domeg's Golden Manzanilla" Sher-
ry, a wine of the first quality, 1840.
8 cases De Rayter & Co.'s (Amsterdam) finest old Batavia
Arrack, more than twenty years old, and cost upwards of $5
per gallon-a most delicious spirit for punch, and the favorite
tipple of Wellington and Brougham
16 cases Hennessy's finest Old Pale Cognac Brandy, seven
years in-bottles, mild mellow flavor.
15 cases Page & Co.'s Old London Dock Port, fine crusty
old wine, fine tonic quality, suited to invalids, 1840.
12 cases John D. Gordon's superior old Brown Sherry,
great fragrance and aroma, full body, a pure genuine old sher-
ry, 1841.
9 cases Kinahan & Son's (Carlisle Bridge,) L. L. seven
years old Irish Parliament Whiskey, cost $5 50 p. y gill.. to
import, and cannot be found in any grocer's or inp.:.rt-. 'i in
the country, distilled by Sir John Power, Dublin.
13 cases Hamilton & Co.'s Old Crusty Port, equal in purity
and quality to the other brands, 184S.
8 cases Blackburn's superior Old East India *deira, one
voyage in wood, a splendid old wine, 1840; seven years in
bottle.
10 cases Symington's Old Manzanilla Sherry, a choice
brand and fine quality ; much fragrance, much recommended,
1844., -
8 cases Harmony & Co.'s Old Bual NfMdeira, a recherche
old wine, atid brings the first price in New York, 1838.
4 cases Web: er, Offley & Forester's Old London Dock Port,
as good as what was sold on former occasions, which gave such
satisfaction ; no finer imported.
4 cases Maginn k Co.'s Old Manzanilla Sherry, a first-rate
wine.
6 cases Harmony k Co 's Pale Golden Sherry, a choice
brand and of splendid quality, greatly esteemed by all connoi s- 4
senrs. Vintage 1839.
9 cases Hennessy & Co. 's Old Fruity Port, a fine wine, free
from brandy or terra japonica, and much prized by invalids,
1842.
14 cases Harris & Co.'s rich Nutty Brown Sherry, the
growth of a choice district, full, luscious flavor, and in every
respect an excellent wine.
9 cases Mortimer, Lawrence & Co.'s Old Port, a very fine
wine, and held in high estimation, 1842.
10 eases Hamilton & Co. 's Old Imperial Manzanill& Sherry,
fully as good as any of the other wines of this grade, 1840.
6 cases Maginn &i Co.'s Old Pale Port, a delicious flavored
first quality port, fine tonic properties, and very old, 1835.
6 cases MeDonagh & Co.'s Old Fruity Port, a very whole-
some pure wine,
4 eases Murdock's Old Port, a full-bodied, strong flavored
wine, 1839.
Several small lota of Wine.
34 demijohns Otard, Dupuy & Co 's Old Pale 4th proof Cog-
nac Brandy, a gn-iune purle ld tIatdh, mild, mellow flavor,
and suited for I',imtha snde nnrr,rcsur,
The crowded assembly of the gentry of this city who attend-
ed and purchased at the last sale, is sufficient testimony that
tihe public have felt the necessity of a reform in the prices of
wines and liquors, and that they appreciate the advantages af-
forded them in obtaining the first cpality of wines, &c. at a
reduction of filly one-half the prices usually charged. In or-
der to draw th, att:,.tion and secure the patronage of the con-
sumers, the prnpri, ii A r.n the former occasions cheerfully
submitted to a li"r .it fully 30 per cent., believing and hoping
that the judgment and discernment of the public in future wilt
produce a fair competition, and that in the present sale they
will obtain better prices and some remuneration in their un-
dertaking. It will be in the memory of those who were buy-
ers at the last sale, that the goods were sold without any put-*
fing or delusion, to the highest bidder, without the least re-
serve. This is a new and most important feature in the auc-
tion business, as it is well known that goods advertised at auc-
tion are, in nine cases out of ten, either bid up to a certain
standard of value or withdrawn. This has injured the charac-
ter of auction sales, and the public, in consequence, feeling no
confidence in the statements made, seldom pay attention to
auction advertisements.
This salepow submitted to the public will be the last offer-
ed until next summer, as, from their other arrangements, the
roprietora, wbo intend visiting the wine-growing districts in
pain and France, will not be able' to renew their-sales until
ntrt June nr Jult The wines will be offered to public com-
petition in Iris to suit puqchasers, and sold to the highest bid-
der, as on former occasions, without the slightest reserve. It
is confidently hoped that all those who require good wines and
liquors will avail themselves of this opportunity, and, by giving
a fair support to a new undertaking, enable the proprietors to
continue their efforts in the reform of high prices, and the sub-
stitution of pure wines and brandies for the mixed and delete-
rious cure, pounrtl, by the sale of which many importers and
i,,hersa bas rah zed large fortunes in afew years, to the great
detriment of the public purse and health.
Those who cannot attend the public isle can be accommo-
dated at low prices at private sale.
By order of the Agent: MARTIN & CO.
sep 11- Auctioneers.
TENKS' NE\. tCOtIPKEFI-aN' I'E t O(IMENN.
ejtary on the Bible. certrtasntnrg ii.e 'tt,,l tic it,eih..rnz. it
ver-ion, with marginal relcrcices ; ,NIsrh. Hrcrr (''.,n,
mentary ; the- prariis. tlsersatis ol at .e Tilom ,5i."',
with entensie: lIts ferem Scott, Diddti tdge, Gilt, .Adtm


worked. If I worked I would sustain the present false state
of society ; but I do not work ; I do not sustain it."
"What, in the name of common sense, do you do then "
I uphold the natural right of man to steal. Man has a
natural right to take and eat when hungry ; but he has no
right to support a false state of society. I do more than most
men to break down society as it is. I never work I never
pay rent; I haven't done so for nin eieen months; I have cheat-
ed the landlord all the time.
With this frank avowal Sam left the place without observ-
itg that one of the clerks had abstracted a fine silk handker-
chief from his pocket. Ten minutes afterwards he rushed in
again, and tbegia-d to know if any of them had taken the miss-
ing article. I pad a dollar for it, and would not lose it on
any account," said be. "Doing a landlord is one thing, but
takirng a tellow's handkerchief rut of his pocket is not right
no h,_,w." *:nam finally got his Ih indsieclef, but he hassince
been sarcful where h, briacheid the doctrine of man's natural
riail to stleal.- A. Y. Sun.

C-IHA LE'- E FOWL ER, IMPORT 'ER of CHINA
i antd (Queensware, and dealer in Glassware, Cutlery,
Lni1.s, Cinlel ,treds, Girandoles, Waiters, Britannia Ware,
Plat-nI \'',r. ke. -His assortment is laige ,nd vtry mmplete.
equal, pErhalii, tin. any in the country. All ol hichr hie %ill
sell at s.h,ilesali anid retail very low.
Stine Vir,: at 1 inufacturer's prices.
Store in Odd Fellows' Hall, Seventh street.
sep 7-Staw6wif


will be invariably cash, or approved pali.er.
E. C. & G. F. DYER,
Auctioneers andeComm. Merchants, corner of 10th street
sep 5-difti.f and Penn. avenue.
VrAL UNABLEE I A.'.i P AT P CIVA'r SALE.--'-TI,t
suhscrill.rs haic a for sale on cry relsoinabl,l, sid av-
tonni-..-.i4tiing rpms the Imndiri.i.ihe irn, Melrose, containing
225 acres. Iing xi il Irnin \\'ush bingin an..:.ne mile Irmru
Blardenburg, ,i, the roaI Ilading Irem Bl'.,le,..sburg t, Phi-
Al.ps's Mill. 1,, PI [net Ge,3,rgr'i eourtl Marsiljnd, aIj,.,inrig the
tarms I1l Messrs. Lounds, C. B Caleet. and H. Cross. The
aibe.s e-nim.illiied property i siery itnsrpelible oil imprnesietiii,
and lt ell .dAptd to thegroib i 'l an)) r,,ip usually gro-srn inl
tihi, eliuie, as \L-grtable5, niel.i,i, kiL. Th,.r,- is aiso on it
a young thriving peach orchard of 1,500 trees, of the most
choice variety, now in bearing orler ; tlsn, a larges apple or-
chard of choice fruit, besides apir.-.t, ntctarinres, cherries,
plums, pears, in, fill lo'ring. The irm is well akt-redi, and
has an abund&.a ,-qplt iw ,i iI..I t, ih house is a hawlsi mle,
conveniently .*i ringed, ari upil firnish-il frame, uea1lv new,
and situated onan elevated and otomm.irlr.iig sI,., %.tll known
to be one of the most healthy locations in the county. There
are barns, stables, overseer's house, and all other necessary
outbuildings on it. The price will he reasoqoahle, anid the
terms very aroinnimditing, Itasinga lirge portiori o tile pur-
chase money on interest. Apply to
GREEN & TASTET,
Auctioneers and Commission Merchants.
sep ll-S3tawd3w&2aw3wc





- l ' W,,P


WASHINGTON. .
liberty and Union, now anad forever, one and
InseparableJ."

TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1849.

THE NEW TERRITORIAL QUESTION.

Upon the speedy or the tardy, the angry or fThe
amicable, the violent or the rational solution of the
question, Whether Slavery shall or shall not be
adniussible in our newly-acquired Mexican territo-
ries," is plainly about to depend no little part of
the public well-being of this country. It must so
depend, at least as long as they who are interested
in stirring the strife can keep it alive: for, with
such public passions as the matter provokes-so
opposite, so fierce, so general, and so little capable
of being argued down-there can be no public tran-
quillity for us, so long as the thing can, by the in-
flammatory arts of sectional demagogues, be kept
unsetn; or, when legally settled, shall have been
so setiff as still to10 leave rankling in the memory
of the regions that have differed about it resentments
easily revived and readily brought by unworthy
politicians to mix with all other issues, no matter
how foreign to them. This is what will happen in
the milder decision of the subject: but there are not
wanting those amongst our most excellent friends,
in both the parties which divide the People, keenly
apprehensive, whose imaginations foreshadow to
themselves, as every way possible, a decision still
more fearful.
Either there is, as to this question, to be a struggle
which shall divide, distract, deeply disturb, and per-
manently disaffect towards each other the great sec-
tions of this Union, or, on the other hand, these unhap.
py consequences-unredeemed as they) would be by
any good even in thejnatter of the dispute-mustbe
averted, while it is yet time, by some prudent set.
tlement ; and prudent no settlement can be. unless
it combines speediness with permanency,'and en-
tire fairness with both. It infinitely concerns the
country to find such a settlement; it is the sacred
duty of every citizen to take part in seeking it; and
when found, nothing can exceed the public guilty o
him, whoever he may be, who shall refuse to aic
in its quiet and complete adoption.
Than the dispute itsell "nothing cani, as we hav
already intimated, be more bootless, more void o
every thing but calamity to the great body of the
people on either side. It cannot, by its affirmative
decision, add one to the slave population of the
Union ; it cannot, by its negative decision, free E
single slave. Equally illusory are those results of
political power which the zealots on either par
magnify. Nature herself forbids the introduction
of a large slave population into either New Mexico
or California; while nothing less than a preponde
rating one could make of either, as to represent
tion, whether in the House or the Senate, a slavy
territory. But, besides, could physical causes ever
be set at nought, and slaves and slave-owners bi
transported to the new regions in numbers suffil
cient to overbalance their white inhabitants and elec
them a slave represenitation in Congress, what would
it signityV Such voters must have home from
somewhere: not even Africans caknow be produ
ced as men were in those G&eek fables when ser
pents' teeth, being sown, sprang up armed warriors
or stones thrown behind Deucalion and Pyrrha rost
up grown men and women. New Mexico abound
in snakes, and California in stones, for that expert
ment: but who, should it succeed, shall assure us
that the crop and the quarries will not be white, in
stead of black? In fine, the new seats of a slavi
population must, in order to become such, bepeo
pled by the depopulation of an equal amount of pre
vious slave territory; so that the political power o
the South will receive a transfer merely, not an ae
cession, and will only gain at one end by losing a
the other.
In all debate that can bring about nothing better
than ill blood; in all public dispute that has no rea
aim beyond mere agitation ; in discussions fruitless
of every thing but excitement and a new affray, thi
National Intelligencer has ever shunned to mix
preferring, as it does, silence and even insignificance
to any part, however leading, in such. There is
ever before us, in a country of so many large and
active interests that need to be enlightened ;*of so
many new principles that demand sober examine
tion; of so many important questions in practice
S policy that remain still undecided, quite enough t<
employ the utmost skill that we can bring to press
ing matters of public action-quite enough to enlis
the utmost zeal which we can give to a public cause
Others may have a superfluity of civil intelligence
which, not finding sufficient scope in our own af
fairs for its exercise, can expatiate abroad, compre
hend French freedom while our own is ill under
stood, and deal out the blessings of their sympa
this, the illumination of their decisions, to nation
the most remote and+ quarrels the most inconceiv
able: but our little wisdom and limited patriotism
are barely sufficient to spend at home, upon mat
ters that really concern us, and are capable of a so
lution. Nor is that all: we are not only negaiiveli
averse but positively hostile to all such merely in
flammatory public discussions as thai which is nov
exciting the country. We consider it our duty no
only not to mix in them editorially, but to shu
them out of our columns in every other form, s8
that this paper shall, as to nothing of the kind, bi
made the vehicle or the stimulant of any such falsi
excitement. A Government in which every ow
takes part, sage or simpleton, well-informed or ig
norant, orderly or licentious-where the voice o
good counsel is perpetually drowned in the dii
which denmagogues so easily raise to excite, that b)


exciting they may govern the rash many-is noisy
enough, without any aid of ours to swell the ready
the ever-popular clamor. Reason, however manly
seldom roars; but. we, being weak-lunged, must, ir
the mere competition ofdeclaimers, be modestly si
* lent. Apart, too, from the ascendency ofuproar, (tha
great vice of our country,) there are, in its wide ex-
tent, its diversity of pursuits, of interests, of popu.
lations, of prejudices, natural causes of discord
abundantly sufficient to meet the wishes and the
taste o any reasonable or honest man or party; sc
that we are altogether reluctant to see any such
work of .-upererogation as the aggravating of jeal.
ousies, of dissensions, of hates, of misunderstand-
ings, that already, of necessity, fight against nearly
every good public measure, or,*if adopted, wofully
limit its ete'rts. Without any merely voluntary,
any artificial means, the laws are powerless enough ;
the country is governed enough by its passions,


rather than the deliberate results of consultative
judgment.
Guided by these general feelings, the Intelligen-i
cer has resolutely forborne to take any partin the
agitation of this question of the admission or non-
admission of slavery into the new dominion which
we have-equally against the spirit of our own in-
stitutions and the counsels of ordinary prudence-
wrung from a helpless neighbor. From the first
we foresaw, among the many unhappy effects of
thai needless and illegal aggression, a wide acqui-
sitib of territory as tile most so, because cer-
tain to draw after it, in a most violent form, this
very despite. \Ve abhorred the idea of acquiring
the terriipry of a neighboring nation by no right
btn that iof the stronge'.t. We abhorred it the
more because we knew that a furious quarrel over
the ill-gotten plunder must follow. When that
quarrel came, unable to avert and despairing of ap-
peasing it, all that we could do wasto sit silent and
wait until its first madness should be spent, or un-
til some fortunate conjuncture should offer 'the
means of quieting it. Such a conjuncture seems
to us now to have arrived, and we therefore quit
our silence to announce it.
Congress having, at its last, session, failed, in
r consequence of the altercations there about the
Wilmot Proviso," to provide a civil government
L for Nzw MExIco and CALIFORNIA, the inhabitants
of those Territories are about to erect State Gov-
ernments for themselves. The one has already
- taken all the proper steps preliminary to enacting
Sa Constitution, having called for this purpose a Con-
vention, which is to sit during this month. The
Other aa followed, or will speedily follow, the
- example.
We need scarcely say that such proceedings,
- sanctioned as they are by the strictest social neces-
- sity, are entirely justifiable. Our own most solemn
0 declarations of the inherent itldefeasible rights of all
- communities vindicate them and make them even
8 a duty. A people cannot (says our Declaration of
- Independence) be required to live without laws and
e authorities'; so that, when the sovereign withholds
I from them that gift, they must resume the dominion
, which he has held and take charge of their own
f well-being. We, therefore, when colonies, pushed
1 that principle to its extreme length, of inferring
from it a total release from the previous rights ol
e the British Crown and Legislature: our new region
f will stop far short of any such forfeiture, an re-
e aspect our ultimate dominion while performing fir
e themselves the high duties which the Govenmenti
e has neglected.I
a The organic law which CALIFORNIA and NEW
f MExIco will thus rightfully give themselves wil]
t no doubt be modelled upon the general system of
a our State Constitutions, from which it will only de-
n viate in such subordinate' particulars as local or
- temporary necessities prescribe. Its rights of en-
- actment will of course include every thing which
e our other State qstitutioiis have lawfully iuclu-
n ded, and among such, therefore, provisions as to
e the existence or non-existence of personal servi-
- tude upon their soil. This is eminently a subject
t which every State may and must regulate for itself;
d atnd California and New Mexico, of course, when
n becoming States, no less than any. And, while
- the States where slavery has been abolished will
- not and cannot refuse this right of the exclusive
Control of that matter, it would certainly be as im-
e prudent as it would be unjust for those States to
s deny it, who, to guard the existence of slavery
- among themselves, have maintained and must
s maintain that the thing is one which concerns each
- separate community alone and can suffer no exter-
e nal interference.
- Rightfully, then, in these coming Constitutions,
- the question now agitated over the country at large
if may be settled at the good pleasure of those whoi
- are to make for themselves those constitutions
t They may settle it either way. It is for them to
do it; and nobody will have any right to gainsay
r their decision. If it so please them, they can, too
1 abstain from settling it.
s Of any studied omission of this last sort there is
e however, an extreme improbability. Taught by
; what has already happened, the New Territories may
a be expected to be especially anxious to quiet, by
s their own action, a controversy which has inflicted
d a wilful anarchy upon them, just when the Con
o federacy should have been in the greatest haste to
- supply their destitution of a government and laws
1 They will feel that not alone is it their part to cu
s the Gordian knot of this difficulty, which nobody
- else can loosen, but that, until they do it, they mus
t only prolong that contest which it is so much thi
. interest of all, but supremely theirs, to terminate
, for that, if they present to Congress constitutions
f- blinking this matter, they will but re-open to end
. less altercation a question which they themselves
- will have at last to determine, and meantime wil
- have placed an insuperable bar to the acceptance o
s the organic law which they present, and therefore
- to their own adoption into our family of States. It
i short, they cannot well hesitate, for they must soot
- see that, if they seek to evade the difficulties of thi
- decision, they only fling themselves into still great
y ones; for, Congress not coming to any decision
- and their constitutions therefore remaining unrati
fled by the Federal authority, they must either con
t tent themselves to continue without laws, or mus
t set up a complete government for themselves, ant
o not only assume their itidependence of the Union
a but place its power at defiance. Such is the situa
a tion, the clear and positive position of things; and
e though we do not know what, in such a conjuncture
- the new regions will wish to do, we know full wel
f what course will, by the irresistible sway of circum
n stances, be forced upon them.


y We take it for granted, then, that CALIFORNIA and
y Nw MExico will give themselves regular State
SGovernments, and that the fundamental laws or-
, ganizirg these will settle, as to those countries, this
i slave question; because they will perceive tha
- without that settlement they cannot come into this
I Union.
Nor is this all. Not only is this mode of settling
- he question that which must now come about
I (whatever we might, utinder ordinary circumstances
e have advised,) hut it is also the only one which
Sandy body not bent upon fomenting public strife for
I his private gains should any longer wish to see pre-
. vail. TIl;e will of the People, whom the decision
- almost alone affects, is the justest resort for arriv-
ring at that decision ; and this, therefore, will-nc
matter what efforts to the contrary shall be madeby
the skilful artificers of public trouble-be speedily
acquiesced in, while it is plain that no other will
be. The Calhoun division of the Democratic par-


tyarepledgedto commotion, should Congress adopt, GEN. TAYLOR'S ELOQUENCE.
as to the new territory, the Wilmot proviso; and We cop from a late number of the Boston
an opposite decision, should that prevail, cannot fail Transcript the fallowing well conceived and ex-
to raise at least an equal flame throughout all the pressed remarks of one of its correspondents upon
"Free States," among the "Free-Soiellers," as they the complaint of tie Locofoco press that our
call themselves. But how should either section worthy PRLIDLrs deficient in volubility:
withhold its pacific, if not cheerful, acquiescence in wrh P, n1 sdefice tiotiity
the leg e determination of California and New ELoetuENce.-.Smne of our patriotic citizens
the legitimate determination of California and N seem to be very much troubled because Gen. TAY-
Mexico? LOR is not a finislied orator.
The WHIGm PARTy at least-ever the friends of -- Some 01of tie old masters, however, have said
the undisturbed Union ; ever conservative of its bar- that action was the great main-spring of oratory:
inony and laws; ever interested in keeping calm it so, and the proverb is not exploded that actions
the public temper, in studying the public mind, in speak louder /thin v'ords, General TAYiOR is the
repressing all those mere .heats of opinion which greatest orator of modern times.
demagressn allow u tose c rt"tNow I am truly rejoiced that Gen. TAYLOR is
demagogues blow up into conflagration in order that not*-great master of rhetoric and an accomplished
they may pillage while others are burnt out-the orator, in the showy and long-winded eense of that
Wamos at least, we repeat, will yield their cheerful word ; for it is quite likely he would have taken
assent to the coming decision of California and New as much ileasiure in turning periods as he took at
Mexico, let that decision be what it may. They Buena 'msta inm ring the enemy's flanks; he
Should have been forever di-playing his gift, and
will respect it, we are sure, as, first of all, theoreti- we should certainly have those Polka mte-sage.
cally right, and, secondly, as offering the only de- over again, whose length exceeded that of Solo-
cisive means of allaying a great sectional strife that mon's temple by fifth\ cubits.
will otherwise but too probably affect ile country "'01 Non onnia ios-/Is.,tui ohlr.>. Gen. TAVLOR
for years, and derange, disease, arid contamninate is not the old mail eloquent.' Nobody ever sup-
every public function, ever publicact, posed he was. But he is a mani of some passable
every public function, evqualities. His intellectual powers are equal to
Nor, though not a party whose policy aims at hose of VAsHINoroN, who did pttIty wtll. ton-
the present alone-a wretched amid shameful sys- aidering. He is as brave as Julius C(wsar. ard
tern of temporary expedients, temporary influences, much more successful; and he corubhmes niorg
temporary passions.and temporary principles only- moral excellencies than all the Roman emperors
must the WIrnosforget the present, and all that it described by Suetonius put together, from Casar
to Domitian.
asks of care, of zeal, of earnest, devoted, nay, sacred His strong common sense is a proverb ; so is
purpose to guard the destinies of the country, by his love of country-the esto perpetna of the aged
it so lately committed to their hands. Nor must patriot will die upon his lips. He has had great
they spare any honest effort to secure and protect a d prolonged experience with men amid the
that wide, solfer, and solid reformjthat expurn wid; and, with the assistance of well-selected
nation of bad meas bres arnd bad funhTh reftmua-01al the dhv j aldp ts.upon which
gto eaever) Chief Magistratedpends, ?Wll ulc-a.1d
ration of rectitude and patriotism which the great govern the country wiiselye, s/ 1y, and gbriu.,-/.
public voice has summoned a brave, good. anid He will delight, like Cin'innainis, iii promole the
strong-minded old Soldier to conduct, arts of peace; and if war (which God avert!)
should come, oh, Father Ritechie, Father Ritchie,
The all too brief visit of Gen. TAYLOR through how eloquent he will be! Where is the record of
Sour State (says the Albany Evening Journal) has a more ready and effective reply than his to Santa
but served to increase the general solicitude to see Anna? A choice piece of oratory that! What
more of him. The opportunities it has afforded sehtentious brevity .
for personal intercourse with him has increased the The nation i pretty well satisfied that Ge.
IT^\-LoR has talent enough for the great work as-
regard of his friends for their beloved Chief. He signed him by the people. More than enough
1 is, beyond peradvetliure, a devoted Patriot and ge- might he mischievous. The ministers of a Presi.
Snuine Whig. May his health be restored, and his dent, whose intellectual powers were colossal,
Life and usefulness be preserved for many years! tight become too submissive, possibly the tools of
f _________________ a master, and his superfluous genius might break
GREAT AGRICULTURAL EXHIBITION, forth in some very inconvenient form. There may
The Montgomery County (Md.) agricultural hLtoo much of a good thing.*
Society is to hold its Annual Fair in Rotkville on "The weak point in Gen. TAYLOR'S character-
Thursday and Friday of this week, (the 13th and" I have seen it from the beginning-is his stubborn
huriday and Friday inflexible integrity. With a little cutting and shuf-
14th instant,) to which the Public generallyohas ting and some small accommodations, how agree-
been invited to attend. From the well-known char- able he might render himself to Father Ritchie, et
I acter and public spirit of the gentlemen who have id genus omne! SIMA."
Sthe matter in hand, it is confidently anticipated that -
the exhibition will be large land of unusual interest. FROM NEW MEXICO.
r Intelligence has been received at the JVar De- 'A letter from Santa Fe, dated July 15, published
Ineliec ha bee reeie at, th Wa r De-A inthe St. Louis Republican, gives a discouraging
apartment confirming that which we published ves-i the St. Louis Republican, gives a discouraging
: account ulf the state of affairs in New Mexico, on
terday: That General TWIoGS arrived at 7Taii, M actcointi of the hostile demonstrations of the Indians,
Bay on the 24th of August, and had assumed who seem determined to make a desperate struggle
the command of the military force now station- (to retain a foothold on their ancient possessions.
ed in Florida; and that two companies had been )n the north are the Utahs, on the east the Ca-
Sdispatched to the interior, one to the river Manatee, maniches, on the-south the Apaches, and on the west
and one to the dsternal. Also, that at certain points the Navajos and there appears to be a union of action and
n te l r s m to apint s combination of purpose between these tribes,-which the writer
*on the latter stream two additional White Flags **> 1 .r *.
Slsays is without doubt the result pf negotiations carried on for
had been discovered, which were supposed to have the last six months by a portion of the Mexican population of
been hoisted by the Indians. the territory.
THE WHIG VICTORY IN VERMOCol. WAsrTTo was in command of the department,
THE WHIG VICTORY IN VERMONT. nd had been forced by circumstances to call out four corn-
RThe Boston Atlas has returns of the vote for panics of volunteers-three of them composed of Mexicans
SRepresentatives in the Legislature of the State of and one of Americans. Cot. BEATL left Santa Fe on the
SVermont from 207 towns, leaving about forty towns iI,h for Taos, on an expedition against the Utabs. Major
to be heard from. The result thus far is the elec- Gatiis left five days before to fight the Navajos, and Major
tion of 117 Whigs, 28 Democrats, and 50 Free- SrsNs has gone against the Apaches and Camanches. The
Soilers. The same towns last year returned 92 whole force of either command scarcely exceeds one hundred
Whigs, 33 Democrats, and 66 Free-Soilers. The strong.
The troops of the line in New Mexico, it is said, are not
Snett Whig gain in that branch of the Legislature is, enough to carry on the war effectually against any one of
Therefore, 46 members. Of the 30 members coin- these tribes of Indians.
posing the Senate 22 are Whigs. The poputilar The companies of infantry which had been ordered from
Vote for Governor in 172 towns shows a Wliig F..rt Leavenworth were expected at Santa Fe in a week;
gain, as compared with last year, of 5,221. hbuI the nature of the service requiring mounted riflemen, it is
y-uaidl that they can be of little use in fighting the Indians.
The dlbany .drgiiv, estimating at its proper v3- The -ame letter contains some disastrous intelligence from
lue the morality of the coalition between the Abo- the emisrants on that route to California. Santa Fe was
lition and Democratic parties in opposition to the cvowded with them, hundreds were daily arriving and depart-
s, s cd c t to is q ing, ad nearly all destitute of the necessary means to take
Y Whigs, gives cold comfort'to its quondam friends them sal y through. The letter says:
'on the occasion of their defeat in Vermont. Such he -airy thrg. Th lete says.. ,,
'Y on the occasion of their defeat in Vermont. Such ,Of the thousands who have left the from'ier States for
Y a result, it says, was to be expected front the Caliomn.a, not more than three-fourths w,| ever reach their
d course taken by a portion of the Democrats of that dsi-nai.on. It is a melancholy sight to see men leap over a
SS, i g a orm cit wi A -recipice ; but it is awful to see them rush, by thousands, into
State, in making a formal coalition with Aboi-n sloic-st interminable desert, to perish by slow but certain
0 tionists and disaffected Whigs, and putting on their ilegrt-r from starvation, fatigue, and thirst. So infatuated
- ticket men of all parties." atre they lIhat no reasoning will convince them-no facts will
ibt r es rain them. The great road that Mr. Benton speaks of as
It is but another lesson," adds the Argus. m to how l.-eme made by the footsteps of men, women, and chil-
Y the Democrats of other States that, to form a coa- lien will be marked out and Macadamized by the bones of
t lition with any other political body not profes.n hhe- victims of a nation's insanity "


e the principles/,of the national Democratic partly, '
S' and unwilling to unite on the platform and reso-
lutions adopted by three successive Democratic
SNational Conventions, is sure to meet with dis-
countenance from the Democratic masses."

I The Locofoco prints are raising a clamor against
f Mr. WALSH, American Consul to Paris, because he
e does not seem to favor the largestliberty" in Eu-
rope. They scold General TAILOR for not re-
n moving him-anti-proscriptive gentlemen that they
n are! Upon this point the Richmond Republican
s justly remarks: We cannot but admire the con-
r sistency which condemns General Taylor for re-
moving men front office who differ from him upon
the vital subject of American politics, and de-
'nounces him for not removing a man on account
- of his opinions on the politics of-Europe."
t Alex. Gaorzelltte.
S WISE -COUNSEL.
The Home Journal gives the following extract
- from an address of the venerable Dr. NOTT, Presi-
Sdent of Union College, New York:
S ',"I have been young, and am now old ; and in review of
1 the past, and the prospect of the future, I declare tnto you,
. beloved pupils, were it permitted me to live my life over again,
I would, by the help of God, from the very outset, lu'e beer.
Yes, from the outset I would frown upon vice ; I would fa-
d vor virtue ; and lend my influence to advance whatever would
a exalt and adorn human nature, alleviate human misery, and
Contribute to render the world I lived in, like the Heas'cr im
which I aspire, the abode of innocence and felicityv. Yes,
t though I were to exist no longer than the ephemera that sport
away their hour in the sunbeams of the morning; even during
that brief period I would rather soar with the eagle, and leave
the record of my tight and my fall among the star, than
creep the earth and lick the dust with the reptile, and, having
done so, bed my body with my memory in the gutterr"
The life of Dr. NOTT has been a daily illustra-
Stion of the value of the sentiments he so handsome-
r ly expresses. He is now a patriarch of sevenit-
six years, and has presided over Union College for
forty-five years, preserving in his old age that fire of
genius and that kindliness of heart which have
Made him the idol of all who have ever enjoyed
Shis instruction.
The Raleigh Register states that the beautiful re.idetce of
Hstsy K. BunowyN, Esq., in Northampton county, was
entirely consumed by fire last week. But little was sased
out of the fine furniture, paintings, plate, &c. that belonged
to this elegant mansion.


ALBANY, SEPTEMBER 8.
The distinguished Kentucky Statesman, who has been
LAndenwold returning a visit which Ex-President VAN B o n
made s.)tme years ago to Ashland, came here in the mid-day
train from Boston.
When it was known that Mr. CATi was in the cars, the
event was announced by cannon on the pier, and a large con-
rourse of friends awaited his arrival in the city, by whom he
Was received with loud and reiterated acclamations. This
lwarm demonstration of regard for the character and gratitude
br the services of a great and good man, was unprompted
pnd cpontaneoue.
Upon announcing his purpose of proceeding immediately
to l'iica, a 'ast multitude accompanied Mr. CLAY to the
'Stanvix Hall, where he exchanvedP salutations with many
warm-heatEd friends, and thpn took hi- seat in the tars which
jtfl at itwo 'clock, when he departed amidst the acclamation,
of th eusanda.
iMr. CLAW, we are happy to see, looks, and really is, in
much better health. Indeed he is so far restored as to justify
bhe gratitcatiion of a long-cherished wish of attending an mt-
lire 81slate gicultural Fair.-Albany Evening Journal.

The Cumberland Civilian has the following :
ILSS O*'I PROPERTYr-The following property in Alle-
ihsnv county, k.Maryland,) belonging to the heirs of I. %V.
Slockiod, dtceas-ed, was sold on the 1st instant at tiumle,'s
ale:
tlnited States Hotel, in Cumberland, purchased by Arthur
.7':ion, the present lessee, for $8,500.
Higilatid Hall, at Frostburg, purchased by Messrs. J. C.
tcrheson, of Wheeling, antd Howaid Kennedy, bof Union-
k0wn, l.ir $b.otln.
There are two of the tinietL holele in the county. The
oue adjoining the United Statea Hotel, and now occupied
y Mr. J..hn C. Hull, was purchased by Alpheus Beall, Esq.
for $3,6010.
PrLIC V'ORKS -Considerable progress has been recently
made on th1 public works in this vicinity. The extraordi-
nary drought during the past summer atffrd,-d the best sea-
man lor operations on the canal, whih have accordingly been
pushed f.iramd with the reaitest zeal. The canal will be
finished at a much eailier period than ihat at which it can
L,. brought m) succe.fl'ul u.e. The work on the railroad is
going on in this region with commendable speed, and, al-
ihough it will take some time to finish any giaen length of
it, yet the progress is sure and the completion certain.

LrTTrea CAnarIas.-The Postmaster of thecity of Wash-
ington has considerably increased the number of City Letter
Carriers, and those who receive their mails by the penny p.),
will hereafter be more pronptly attended tosthan :hey have
been fotr a long time past. The newly-appointed carriers en-
tered upon their duty yesterday morning.


THE RIGHT OF SELF.GOVERNMENT DENIED;

The People of CJlilornia, finding themselves
without government, are naturally and very proper-
ly taking measures to establish one after the well
known American plan for doing such things. Their
right to do so is stoutly denied by journals which
claim to be democratic in feeling and principle.
The Montgomery Flag and advertiser has the
following remarks:
"1 We look to Congress to reject any constitution that may
emanate from the naked usurpation of power' under which
General RiL T i pro. eeiJin4 H.- is acting with.'ut any Con
stitutional OUaurirty, and ihe pr.icte.J.iias ..f any' Cur,verimi in
which may origiriae with him 'til L-. ?.%id t,,iri.4."
No Constitution willbe adopted in Calilhrnia and
forwarded to Congress but such as the people, who
are to live under said Constitution, approve. CAss
Democracy has reached a strange pass when it in-
sists that the citizens of the United States in Cali-
fornia shall lie forbidden to form "any Constitu-
tion;" that (C'ongress may decline or refuse to
organize a territorial government indefiniiely, antid
yet "reject any form of government that may ema-
nate" from thepeople of California How many
years utill ithe Fluo' unit .,l'srlti; r liaie the peo-
ple of Caliloriia wait before they they may be-
gin to exerccie the righi of sell-governmeint? The
in,'osiiiei.en'y ol whai calls itself Democracy is be-
neath criticisui.-.litiu Ia ('hronii le.

The Han. EDWARD J. BL.ACK, for several years a
Member of.9 giess troint Geoigia, died on the 1st
insiait, in Barnwell district, (S. C.)
The Hon. Amos LANE. formerly a Representative
in Congress from Indirana, died at his residence in
Aurora a I'ew das since.
Hin. ADAM Ht-.visMAN, of Tennessee, died at
his residence near Jackson, in that State, on the
23d ihinmo.
GIEORGiA RIALROIDS.-The people and State of
Georgia have inve-4ted and will invest in railroadils
*l.n9,OO,sia -rom 5hieth iES S m it reapingplaree
advaniagres in the improvement of rieales -I6"
inicreased Fciliti.-s to market, besides direct profits-
from the railroads.
That the fall of HUNGARY is a mournful event,
we all agree ; but the approach of the calamity has
been visible too long to take any attentive observer
by surprise. The obljeci, however, has been han-
dled in this country in an extraordinary, and, we
are compelled to add, a most preposterous manner.
The true facts have been suppressed or disregard-.
ed, and a most deceptive coloring thrown over all
the accounts from Hungary. \We can account for
this without bringing very grave charges of fraud
against the coinductors ol the newspaper press. As
Americans and a free people, our countrymen take
sides with the Hungarians. Our wishes, hopes,
feelings, partialities, and passions are strongly en-
gaged in their favor. We listen eagerly to all ac-
counts which flatter our hopes, and dwell with re-
luctance on an.'athing of an opposite tendency.
More than all, we treat the Hungarian wa-r as a
party theme, and in the blindness of our enitthiitiiasm
imagine that the imperial armies are to he beaieni
as we gain votes at an election, by anl array oJ' star-
ing capitals in the u'.ivpaper,, ainil the language
of extravagant .**ii.ltnie. Inh this manner we
begin by deceiving others, andendby dtcevisng our-
selves.-Boston Courier.
MISSOURI.-Considerable interest has been raised
in relation to the result of the Missouri election,
since parties in that State have so strongly organized
for and against Senator BENTON. It may be proper,
therefore, to state that the election of members of
the Legislature which elects a United States Sena-
tor does not take place till August, 1850. The
strife commenced more than a year in advance of
the election.
VISITING FiREntri.-The Washington Hose Company.
of Philadelphia, arrived in this city last night by the even-
ing train of cars, and were received with the customary honors
by our city firemen, viz. the Perseverance, Anacostia, Columbia,
and Franklin Companies, in full uniform. The Philadelphia
Firemen brought with them a full band of music, and, being
in uniform, made a handsome appearance as they marched in
front of our city firemen Ad at the head of the procession.
The visitors were welcomed to the city by G. S. GrIDoN,
Esq., PreSident of the Perseverance Fire Company, in an ap-
propriate address, and, after parading our principal streets,
tooksp their quarters at King's Hotel, on Pennsylvania
avenue.
ADVERTISEMENT.
The best advertisement we can think of in the case described
in the following note from a respected correspondent is to pub-
lish entire the note itself :
ARLINOTON, SEPTEMBna R 9, 1849.
Messrs. GALES & SELTOK: I take the libet-i vLflpl, i ing t.
you in behalfofa poor woman who arrived !.tr, iis rsi..rr,,,,,
after a fruitless search for her son of many days, in which sithe
has walked her feet sore. If you will advertise him in your
paper, you will confer a charity on the poor creature. She is
a widow, and came from Harper's Ferry, with this boy of 1I
years old, to obtain work in a factory. They were both en-
tirely unacquainted with any one hereabout-, ,iwl h. m i..t iiss. d
from her. .,al -.,s br..ul.t Iv.y a Mr. Berr ia,, 1i, ii.- "I astl-
iugton tirihpIk,. auiL tari't,. back to the W -.l,,,,in..r ik1. 1 ,Ah1
Thursday last, to look for his mother; but she was searching
elsewhere in the mean time. As she is unable to continue her
search, I ti,..,l-ih h d Il",ri i-ii nit might lead to a discovery.
She says lh [i ,e.i ., ,,,./,- ; .o, has light hair and .om-
plexion, a scar on one cheek, without shoes, and no dress but
striped pantaloons and shirt; 11 years old.
4ny information left at the toll-gate near Arlington will be
thankfully received.

nud n DIATH.
B^n Sunday evening last, after a short illness, Mrst ELLEN
-STON E, wife of Mr. MIcHAEL STONE, aged 49 years.
cy( Her funeral will take place this afternoon, at two
o'clock, from the residence of her husband, sear Georgetown,
where the friends and acquaintances of the family are respect-
fully invited to attend without further notice.
j3- Washington Lightt Infantry.-You are hereby or-
dered to meet oi Wednesday, September l2th, at 8 o'clock A.
M., in full winter uniform, with knapsacks, previous to visit-
ing Bladensburg. By order: H. RICHEY, 0. S.
sep 11


Headquarters National Greys.
S You are hereby ordered to meet at your Armory on
this (Tuesday) afternoon, at 2 o'clock, in fall winter uniform,
with knapsacks complete, prepared to visit Baltimore.
S pll Byiwdr- JAS. STONE, 0 S.
-0 There will be a meeting of the Mural -ua-Atu
roital Ab slii.n-e .%,5stC.aiinn hllt this -striing at .letfcriou
Hall, corner of D and 7lh streets, opposite National In-,ll..-
genoer office, at half-past 7 o'clock P. M. Addresses will be
delivered by Dr. Magruder, President, Win. G. Flood, First
Vice President, and other distinguished speakers. The pub-
lic are respectfully invited to attend, ladies particularly.
By order: WM. B. MIAGLURLOEll, President.
C. BOHaEs, Recording Secretary. sep 11
TALUABlE IRON OtaI BANKS tbr LEASE.
SThe subscribers are willing to lease on lair terms their
valuable IRON ORE BANKS, lying immediately on the
tii upike road leading from Frederick city, in Maryland, to
Hrpur's Ferry. These Ore Banks lie about four miles from
Frln- i, k i ,), and six miles f-rom the Point of Rocks, which
is on the Chesapeake arnd io Cinal, inrd hias the Ba:tii,,..r
and Ohio Railroad running iii ecily thruughi it. There is ,la..
a county road leading Ir-m the tie B.i,ks. to the Point ,.I
Rocks, and a turnpike leading to Frederick, and from th.rs
the railroad goes to Baltimore. The Ore is a brown lhrma-
tite of a supri ior uhukivt, \ ividing from fifty to sixty-fitc pr
cent., ii edsilt obidiritn-d iron, the banks, and in large ijuaiti-
ties. '1u pe.nori t.'iiq.ailtrd u ith tLh: mi.kiiq, of ir.i,, and
having but a moderate capital, re iltiik out-r Ore Barki sill
afford the opportunity of reahizing h,'y pr.fits. Tl,-) ar,
favorably located in a healthy and rI-th Lunir,, and liha e terv
facility of connexion with the rrir.ial runil h et.ri,.dl bts thnri
hauls, at a moderate expense h.r traiap8.rui.nn ol iithl-.r ihe
ore or the iron made from it to Baltimore orthe iunrict of
Columbia. We deem it unnecessary to go into further pi it-
culars, but invite those who may wish to go iato the iron busi-
ness, or who may want rich ores to supply their furnact. iiw
in operation, to call and examine our Ore Banks, and judge
for themselves.
Letters addressed to us at Jefferson, Frederick county, Ma-
ryland, shall receive prompt attention.
JOHN STOCKMAN,
WM,. STOCK MAN,
abg ll-Staw4w Am i-il,-ri
A CAli.-Tihose tol uno cusioirJtrs ho hae rint letiled
tieir accouu' s i-r ii iaslt initihs a %.11 conbler a greal
lta..r i, ) .ll.sirg ihe-in ith i.-iihier e s-li or rites a alinrt (til.-'.
To ihsu,- who have settled we itsirt- ,iUr.tiicere thanks ant
grateful acknowledgments, and is" a conimtuuia,.e of their pa.
tronage. CLAGETT, NI"-'\\1jN, MA\ & CO,
sept I-eod2wif (Union)


- 5 ~, ~ -- -


+ Sales This Day.
;.RIEEN diNTA.SI ET. AuuUoueers.
SUGAR, FISH, FURH NITURIE, <'A RPET-, A. c.
at Ailction.-Oi. Ts l a.iii, the liii, ,,.sama, w-e shall
sell in front If llhe centree Market, at .ti ..' lock A. M., three
bamrtaIs go.., brown Sugar, laer.- barrels Herring; also, a
go.'md di-ortisuehm ot nes ansi ,imc.:.].h.,f'l Fi hlilil s, faihi, eight
seLi.nd-h ndi Ca'i.rtn, with iiq.y it h i rtmclpaes h i. r -leem
unnreeesiary to enumerate GRlEEN i 'A I'LAS ,
Stp 1>)--ti Amntt.r.leer a.
BY IE. C A G. V. iY UK. Auctiolneei.
C ONI'I UA'iIt)N SAALE.-The sale ol tIhe Fiirtnuitue,
kec aill be reiuined ibhis moirig. at It. o'clock, at vii
large boiarhing estblishmient- li Mis. E. H. Brairne- T h,-
Fnirnitur- in tIhe hoube mrontlig B street Ir'mailS v.--n to L
WI.l. LD1%,. .C i (. 1. I)' 11lr,
6el I1 A r ii reieJl rs.e
OGS F.4OR SJ.LE AT '"HE '%- ASl'lHN,TiiN
ASt LIUM, oU Tuesdray net, the Imh iiinsitai, )t i,
o'll.'ck P M., b. order of ithr i-Cnilriami.,sP's.
satp 1i--3t BEN.I. L (.I['IlN S, lih. VM. A.
By GREEN & TASTEI. Auctioneers.
T PE AND (.A3EUS AT ALICIIUN.-tIn Tilm .d.,,
t.ith I hIh ht ,,tsw., ae hiMall ell, ti ,.-uri \\ ehoui, al tie
curnerne ol i9h sans1 Tspe, ti vcra-us ki'dls, and nejrl ntic, anil ell asserlel.,
'rmu,,s : All snims of ansi under '-2i.1, .,ihu ; ov-n $.1,, a c'--
duit of [our and cighlit oniithsa, for note'& sajVjbrtulieni- riLhrsil,
bearing interest.
PimLters are resliectlully ilited lto ihr sale, Eas it will be sold
to ihr igh Igs t iutkr. f(R.HEFN it "I AS I E F',
sept b-I3 (Union) AutiutMIcii .


THE MNbRKETS.
BALTtiMORF, jp]- 1), P ,I -Our market is only toler-
ably acpve, bui iccs are ie tLy -ell rua mahttiii.,l. Howard
itreet lTur is stidling al t5 ; wheat 10t0 '(105 eenie for good
to prime red, and li to1 i10 forwhtte mltllow coinu 63ce,ts,
and white 59 to 60 ; oats 30 to 32 ; whiskey 29.
NEW YOaK, SEPT. 10, P. M.-Holderaofcott.mn are firm
in asking an advance on prices, previous to the steamer; fair
Uplands sell freely at 10k cents. Fl.-ur is steady ; common
State and good Western $6.25 a 5.38 ; prime Genesee $5.60
a 5.68 ; Southern $5 31. a 5 62. ryeflour dull at $3.06*
a 3.121; corn meal $3 25. '3V'htat is steady at previous
qeilali.:.tia. Corn is ,lull ond has a downward t.-ndencyv.
Pork coniinue- dull; rresa is offed fTreely at $10 3i;
prinie fts.7b mess beef in moderate tequesi no t13; lard
dull al 6hi cnts.
FROMl NEW OKLEANS AND HAVANA.
NLW OaILrPAq, ScPrtLtmR 6 -The IMorkade of Round
llasd has, been dise-jorielinud tv the nitEd iates vessels,
pioai.i-.-ni being now aironed i ra1s It. Ihe island.
NFw (IRLEANS, SETEMTaaei 7.-The steamship Fait-onr
hoi arri -c fr..i-ti New Y.jik. Shetouchedat Havana on the 3d.
Letitrs rtc-isd here sas that thl lslsul u. mina state of com-
molii., ti niake nio rrsnn-.n .rf any thing like revolution.
I'hre hid b-en s,one-ting like -uch a spirit manifested in
o.me rgiiuenti ul the tr.).p, arnml a c.oloni-l and several other
officir.- lhol hfben rmutdeie,. The lC.,lsiutii-enersl haslaken
prompt nuesures to pu i it down He refuiidd to permit the
Falcon to tike on pa-sengters at Havana, anil dinitfid :.tales
papers were nri f.ermtitad to pa.e thiimugh the post office.

EXHi!ITItON
OF THE NF.\WL' INVENTED MUSICAL APPARA-
TUIS I.A NIMERF. DE L'ELE(.ANCE.
I )ROF. VON HE.LRINf.EN-reaptcsi ully inila the ladies
Arnd geintimrmn of W ,sh.ngtnn anil Georgeto'sn to call at
Mrs. PL.Tro'S, inrncr it .f 4 street aid Ptiii s Ivania asernue,
"any dhu bctaeer. the hour of II A. M. anil "2 P. M.,t o ex-
arnine his nesIs ;ivented Mlusical Apparatus La Mhre de
L'Elrgahle," aaiih enables Piano pupil, in ithe shortest pos-
sible time, tn acquire all the- ease anrid grace of' veteran per-
formers. It has b-en unkersall) approted in New York and
other cities.
Professor Voa HLteIrSorIN gisc. Lessons upon the Piano
either at his biiarding-iomus., as above, or at the residences o
pupils. S ept 8-3t
ITTELL'S l.lrNit; AGE. No. *'9-1,1 cents.
L. CONTENTS.
I. Ssilt indl his Biographi rs-Nurlh Britials Biview.
,. .The Leguff F.mnila-Dublin Uimaveriil Migazine.
s'+T'rleq .- P-seiptles ,i isstU~ t-insnce -Oar mForeig I n-
[,olisy ; Thcr rf Lirtle inh j 1 he PosouLings Tht:e Nei;'
Mslanc Slioul Thi- Court at Dubili CUsile Hunrgary-E%-
ail..lli-r, hpsLcan'ir. arn Times.
*t C.nvial, Jamic.,iand the United States-Spectator and
Journal of Commerce.
5. IIturniPi f',lgrims from Mecca-Chambers's Journal.
\ ith poctr nul short articles.
"WAHsiNeoToN, Dxe. 27, 1845.
"Of all the Penmoidtal Journialsa .i-oleo i m Inmnrature and
science which abomiil in. Eiirolie aiid inr lhi tinuniry, this has
appeared I. n1e i, be the nto[ useiul. It contains indeed the ex-
position or.l -it ihle rurr,,t iterstir,= ..f the English language;
but this, by its immense extent and comprehension, includes, a
portraiture of the human mind in the utmost expansion'of the
present age. J. Q. ADAMs."
P-ibhlishcd eekl) at Six Dillars a 3tar by
sept I I E. LI I LLL t CO., Bost..n.
N ot. Ie baking lut-istit..-.,litim h i h.-,ni-iren
been earritl s-n bj L. A. TarlilJ.i, as .-gem Ior the un-
dei sig6,sid, ii no longer ui,,ler his ruin ,giiun1,e ; no person is
aluthornietil ln receiptAr moneys du1 .' Q, it eitabliahmet but
'a \ isr, r *M. A. LINCOLN, Trustee.
SN. B.-Thie subscriber informs her friends and the public
generally, ithal sbl- ir prep.i-id to furnish them with bread,
biscunts, ad conieCtliionar., t' the residence of Wmn. Greer,
E'q nii iith Atret, bet wren E and F. All orders promptly
tetutedi. sep 11-St
sf EACHIERI' N(IOTI(E.-A grailduate o.-f HaImnilir..n Col-
l. Ige-, %hi, h's lhad t:\iisI rtiLe in i1a-Lh1img, Ia desirous of
tblmainirn,; a situation i,, inrme private inili ii.,- as a t.sitai.t in
an cstbhili'-,l Imisiiutlrin uii olin dela). Hr is competern to
gis- instrutoiois i1 the pi-i il.t, ne, organ, flute, and in vocal
iijuai. T"lie tist -irder of recommendations will be furnished
both as to character and qualification. A note addressed to
C. H.S., and left at this office, will reach the advertiser.
elitI mm- Iltd& I%
,- FiSK BtiFtlrs.-'-ris ni-. f,', ,-i;min-igune
,J ROBERT PATTERSON, PATTERSON master, wi1l
have immediate dispatch. For freight or passage,
having i.,iertor accommodations, apply to the captain on
board, nor to J. A. GRIMES, ,
Commercial wharf, Georgetown.
Just received, 300 barrels No. 3 Mackerel. aug 11
eLiNGILA DI L-_' I N rirtTE.,
(41 street, between Pennsylvani ;ateie.,u.d.l C street,)
CONDUCTED by Mrs. J. A. DAVIS, ailed by an expe-
S rienced Assistant and Professors, will re-commence on
Monday, September 10th.
Circulars, with reference, can be obtained on application to
Mrs. DATvis. sep 3-eolmif
A t AitI).--Prir, is ile liit isni-ckse| Y o.i cam, di,.<,s..
cl il ,I si m it ,'m-rk i j-...] t 1 Ir pllts'- r, a cCsHuliy
t lliri, moi mn-, a. may Furnishing rooms, on 7th street, oppo-
a's,.. 1i a. (i..,il & Seaton's printing office.
Also, persons commencing housekeeping can be supplied
with every article in the housekeeping line on accommodating
terms, and at prices as low as can be had any where.
aug 28--3taw2mif N. M. McGREGOR.
FOR RENT, one of those new, handsome, and
Scommodious Dwelling Houses at the corner of 7th and
I1 streets. The house has sufficient accommodations
bfor a larg-- tisnit), and is very convenientlyarranged, with ex-
cellent dry ftl-, atd well and cistern water, with bath-
room, &c.; also. all ,,.ii-ltl ,mubuillimiigs, irnichlinrug stable and
tarriage-li.u.a. Theic, lj.iuiiri i., a,, i, squaresusuiorit ofthe Pa-
itit Offitce. Apply to
sapi U.--m.- if A. ROTHWELL.
-014 ENT,nu ti c --thr...-9tor Dslhii,,g-H .1.., m.
j Pell,-e i)lialiwi a esr e, irkh adie, a sh..rt il.i lt ir i-.,,- I
:lie Caiitol saijiare, containing twelve well.finwshed roniomns
each, *Aith lamig yards and to one house a good Stable and
'X'rinigs-houic. T'..-' ltuiliimh ar, located between 3d and
4th street east, on square No. --.
The k is a mnay be had at the house next door, and the terms
made k 1,t-n b" GEORGE COLLARD,
sep 6---taw3wif At Blagden's Wharf,
Ct lI (" ( A L. C' IA L. -Th,- lsilh t ]lnisl rrlnnn<.irinp i' t
his friends and the citizens of Washington generally that
he has established bimselt in the Coal Trade, on Pennsylva-
nia avenue, bet t.,een 1t.th :n.l I Sth streets, where he is now
'rrc, inig, mod im.r.,s.Ils it ill itiuea to kr,-p, a very large sup-
pA t.I Cmal from the most approved ntmses Amongst which
nm,5 be Ioumit the Butler, Pine Grove, (White Ash,) Spohn
Vein, (l-il ,tl,] ,)ansI Cuini ril..,,m 'Al 0l ahsub i hs ,.i I.e, i
selected a mlt gm-ae .cr--. Fjn ,lmhes Slsil mile-ms s lshiing in. I'ti
sm.piiiuhd sm.ut liio s-elI to call early, as ih.}y cuts he sfipli.-,l
nu'-h l c.'"r ri-mn the vessels, which will bu dsi8hargmiii milit -
ing the 1-rscint mirmli. Prices niul.terte aid mL-asure gm...t.
aug i--tolmi" \VILLIA. 'a T. DIJ'\a .
N tI- S, OPrlf)1iIT Er NTtE H.A XKET.-Ju-a rt-
l received I 4 barrels Pstmiuat Hermniig, part p1s:ked by
James \ra in
75 barrels ne No. 3 Mackyrel
2,'' do old No. "2 Ilo
Besa article in the mauks t kmifr relailing.
IOLu boars new scaled Herrings
2.: do nca Cheese
IN STORE.
20 hhds. supcrmr sugar urie-I Bagon Shoulders
9 do Westert, Cincine asl d-o do
7 do Terre Haute do Hams
3 do Bacon Sides
4 barrels Sausage Casings
10 o do do do
12 kegs do do
175 sacks G. A. Salt
64 do fine do
Fro" sale h) ,IJN'}. B. KIBBE\'.
S t. -- 1le-jil'imi I
"iASHINO IFO1 GCNT'rLEMEN'.HAT_. Autumnm
AlqID--STIL\V'NS sill st, a ,hs iriiomlsm-e \I-. II.
lI.h-b & {.'L', Neas \ork fall ibihi- fir ,, gci|en-in'i huti,.
aug *--itll Ssl-.r:..,un N.-.. I Br:..sn's Hotsl..
N U. 5; U PPO--iT=E- C E NTR E- M-A RK-T--
1HltI pipe \\'alte firandr
"2 ba.irrelsa hlte sirnt- 'anegar
Ju t L'LIst.d ans mil 01i hi,'
sept -.--eo6til J. B. K1BBEV. -





NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE.

FROM OUR EUROI'EA.4N CUORRESPtNDEAT.

SLONDON, AUGUST 22, 1849.
According to the usual understanding of the
phrase, the present time is with England clearly a
season of national prosperity. The price of the
first necessary of life has been moderate for many
months, and we are now gathering in a harvest
which promises to secure a continuance of plenty.
Meanwhile we hear from many quarters that our
manufacturing industry is in full and cheerful ac-
' tivity. At Bradlord every spinning frame," says
the Leeds Mercury. every combing machine,
Every power loom, is at work; the only want is
the want of goods." Accounts more or less simi-
lar are given of the other great seats of manufac-
ture in the West-riding, and there appears to be no
immediate reason for apprehending a check in this
current of prosperity. One appalling circumstance
is, however, caSliing a sombre shade over the me.
tropolis. and more or less over the kingdom, and
that is the prevalence and rapid increase of the
cholera. Last week the official returns inspired
hopes thai the intensity of the calamity had passed
over London, for the deaths during the week had
diminished from 926. those of the preceding week,
to 823. We have, alas to state that the deaths by
cholera during the week which ended on the 18th
instant had increased to 1,230. The whole num-
ber of deaths in London were 2,2301. The popu-
lation of the metropolitan districts is estimated at
about 2,220,000; so about one in a thousand now
dies weekly-a frightful mortality, when it is re-
membered that this is equal to five per cent. per
annum, or one in 20-double the usual rate. The
cholera appears to carry offl an unusual proportion
of people in the prime of life. Of the 1,230 who
fell victims to its ravages last week 318 were under
15, 721 from 15 to 60, and 191 were 60 years old
and upwards. Of the 1,000 who died from oilither
disorders 539 wegsunder 15. 264 frL5 15 Lto Ao,
and 1M7 murp than 60 years of age. More females
ihan males now die of cholera; at an earlier period
of the epidemic the reverse was the case. The
births during the week were 1,334. The cholera
is now most prevalent in Stepney, SiShoremlitch, and
Bethnal-green. It has broken out with extraordi-
nary violence, in Gieenwich, and has increased
alarmingly at -Plymouth and Devonport; it is also
undiminished at Bristol. The weather is cool and
cloudy, with an oppressive effect in the atmosphere,
and a tendency to depression of spirits and bodily
debility. But, in the mean time, the harvest is
getting in beautifully, and we have good accounts
of the crops as respects both quantity and quality.
Great meetings of the people have been held at
Birmingham, Derby, and other places, at which
strong resolutions have bfn passed urging the
British Government to'recognise the independence
of Hungary. That country must first give indubi-
table evidence that it can achieve and maintain io'
national existence, and the British Sovereign will
be among the first to welcome it in that position ;
but the policy of England is to avoid all foreign
embroilments, by keeping aloof from all foreign
quarrels. The sympathies of Englishmen are with
the Romans, the Hungarians, the Venetians, and
the Poles, and with all that are oppressed.
It is extremely probable that our direct interfer-
ence in the cause of any of these people would
have a tendency to depress, rather than improve,
their condition.
Nor are we inattentive to our own concerns.
Large associations for Parliamentary and financial
reform are organizing in London and elsewhere;
and no doubt strong resolutions will emanate from
them, urging Parliament to reform itself, and adopt
universal .uffrage, vote by ballot, annual Parlia-
ments, &c. It is probable, however, that retrench-
ment will be a leading topic at these meetings, and
we go hand and heart with its advocates, and are
willing to hope that Parliament will not be indif-
ferent to the wishes of the people upon this point.
FRANCF. affords nothing new. The Minister of
Finance, M. PASSY, will not succeed, it is itoughL.
with his scheme of a property tax. The 15 il of
August has passed without the coup d'etat which
some people anticipated and feared. There was
no review of the troops or of the national guards,
and the day passed off more than quietly-it was
stupidly dull. The last act of the Assembly, pre-
vious to- its adjournment, was the raising the state
of siege in Paris and the first military division ; it
is to be maintained at Lyons during the proroga-
tion. The cholera has been much more fatal in
Paris than it has hitherto been in London. Since
the 1st of January last 16,290 persons 'have died in
Paris by that disease. This is rather more than
half the entire number of deaths during the same
period in thai city.
SPAIN affords the important news that the King,
the Queen mother, and the Duke de Rianzares had
lately "presided" at a fight in Madrid between a
bull and a lion, in which the latter behaved very
cowardly, and the former had so easy a victory that
the enlightened audience was dissatisfied with the
failure. A serious disturbance, notwithstanding the
presence of Royalty, was apprehended; but the
introduction of the soldiery restored order. What
can be expected of Spain with such a sovereign and
such a people? They are worthy each other. The
Ministerial difficulty between Mos aid SARTORIuS
appear.' to have been reconciled.
From LIsBoN we hear of a very defictent national
treasury ; of a very serious peculation in the cus-
tom-house, (approaching to 7t>,000.) in which some
persons very high in authority are said to he im-
plicated ; and oftgreat alarm about the affairs of the
Bank of Lisbon. This is really a great but not a
very satisfactory budget of news from PORrUr.AL.
PRtsIA is ominously quiet,and there is time and
Is Prussia to be free? Is she to have a Constitu-
tional Government? This is a question for the
King, and for him alone, to answer; for the people
of Prussia appear to have resigned all participation
in politics, and, by refu.iig tio vote under the elec-
toral law that ilte Government proi'lailined, have
left that Government undisputed master of the
country and constitution. The Kitg is thus undis-
turbed by either popular oppo.iti-n or popular sup-
port. But there is a mass of popular opinion pent
up in every breast, and it exists tliere, fermenting
in sourness and bitterness, awaiting for some, pro-
bably not very remote, opportunity to burst forth.
The King is surrounded by two classes of coun-
sellors: one, the wild. reactionary, and despotic,
who abhor constitutional government altogether;
the other, the Liberals or Constitutionalisis, who


would act rightly il they dare act at all, but who are
moderate and timid. The King leans to this latter
class, from a convicnton that the age calls forkthe
action of such men. But he is fIund of sovereign
and personal sway, and would, if he alone had to
be consulted-and this appears to he the case at
present-grant the people a very infinitesimal doe
of constitutional liberty. The new Chamber has,
it is generally conceded, a decidedly consitLiuimial
majority. What course it will take remains to be
seen. It is not considered probable ihat the King
of Prussia can carry out the plan of German fede-
ration upon the Berlin projti. He may unite 'The
north, and form a Northern and Protestant Germina-
ny, in opposition to a Southern and Catholic Ger-
many. of which Austria would be the head. Should
he not accomplish this, he must make large con-
cessions to his people ; for neither. they nor any
other part of Germany will ever again submit to
ab'olutismi. All that vast country, however, at pre-
sent appears to be a mighty nmaze, and all with-
out a plan." It is well if the work of revolution


has little more than begun there. Communism and
other bad elements are just as rife in Germany, and
especially in Eastern Prussia, as ever they were in
France.
LONDON, AUGUST 23, 1849.
The crisis of HUNSARIAN affairs, which we spoke
of last week, has occurred sooner than we antici-
pated, if the news of this morning is to be credited.
It reaches us from Berlin and Paris, but it is dated
at Vienna and Warsaw, and therefore it is to be
distrusted. But we fear it is all too true; we
scarcely know why we say fear, for great good
may grow out of it, inasmuch as, among other de-
sirable results, it may be the forerunner of peace.
This news is, that the greater part, some accounts
say the whole, of GOROGY'S army has surrendered
unconditionally to Marshal PASKIEWITCH, and that
BEM'S army has been destroyed by Gen. LUDERS,
and that the successive surrender of the other divi-
sions of the Hungarian forces may be every day
expected: It is stated that KOSSUTH and his Min-
isters are at Orsova, on the Danube, on the borders
ol Wallachia. This isindeed an overwhelming
change in the affairs of Hunrgary ; time is required
to develop the cause of it, should it be confirmed.
The Timesi receives the news with sntsIlSlaciion,
because," it saa s, this result will preserve the
Military and political power of AUSTRIA in its full
integrity." Should this news be true, the Cabinet
of Vienna will have a glorious opportunity of at-
taching the Hungarians to the empire by feelings of
loyalty and gratitude. Austria may now prove that
she will yield every thing, tojunstce, hating surren-
dered nothing to fear. She mar do this, hut is
there any thing about the poli,' or thei character of
Austria which inspires a reasonable hope that -he
will ? The Times thinks that the terms which
were offered Hungary at the hbeinning of the con-
test will be renewed. We scarcely know how to
reconcile the above with a statement in the Ger-
man papers, that Austria had applied to Bavaria for
aid to carry on her war against Hungary. A few
ilays will solve, all difficulties. Should the war in
Hfung3ary have thus Ltecis Jttuglht to a close. we
sfrF 'rvea chance o' ascera.ining two other im-
portant points. What is Austria to pay for the as-
sistance of Russia ? And what will be the rela-
tions between Prussia and Austria, when the latter
has the affairs of Hungary off her hands ? The
incipient German navy is another bone of conten-
tion between Prussia on one side and Austria and
Bavaria on the other. Tie two latter are very de-
sirous of resuscitating the central power at Frank-
fort, and wish the seamen to take the oath of alle-
giance to that Power; this is contrary to the wishes
of Prussia. It has been done, we believe, by the
,offir'ers and crew of the Archduke John," as the
ACADIA is now called.
ROME may be said to have returned to the tem-
poral dominion of the Church; General OUDINOT,
or Cardinal OUDINOT, as he is there styled, having
surrendered his authoi-ril. t the three Commission-
ers appointed by hins Holiness. These men enter-
ed Rome like thieves, on the night of the 31st July,
in order riot to risk an witlavoirble reception by day
frnm the populace. They have issued a proclama-
tion in whibh they say very severe things about
the" wretches" who had dared to set up a republi-
can form of Government, but not a word about
constitution, concession, amnesty, nor in fact upon
any point which really concerns the people. They
have restored all the old tribunals ; they have raised
the price of salt, and have announced that the paper
money of the Republic shall only be taken for 65
per cent. of its nominal value. These are a sam-
ple of the kind paternal feelings of these holy
fathers ; for the Commissioners are three CARDI-
NALS! The POPE is said to disapprove of the
course taken by these Commissioners, but why, if
so, does he allow them to retain their power. The
greater part of the French army has been recalled
from Rome. The game will, probably, begin again
when the Roman people are relieved from its pre-
sence and pressure. VENICE holds bravely out.
Its gallant defenders have lately been successful
against the Austrians, and captured a large quanti-
ty of provisions. They have also received provi-
by a Venetian flotilla, which beat off the Austrian
ships, and entered the lagunes in triumph. By
land, the Austrians have fallen back, extending and
weakening their lines, ff not virtually raising the
blockade. GARIBALDI has been received by the
Venetians in triumph, and elected an Admiral of the
Republic. M. MANIN evinced the greatest cordi-
ality towards the Roman General, and eclaimeil.
"Behold whom God has sent us to save Venice!"
Garibaldi's wife had died of fitigu-. Late news
from CONSTANTINOPLE had induced an opinion that
the Sultan was about to take sides with Hun-
gary, against Austria and Russia, but the reports of
this morning, if confirmed, will make this interfe-
rence too late. The apparent confirmation of the
report that Austria had ceded the port of Cattaro,
on the coast of Dalmatia, to the Russians, in part
payment for their assistance in Hungary, had no
doubt its effects upon the decisions of the Turkish
Cabinet. This would be bringing the Russians too
near the Turkish territory.
LONDON, AuGUST 24, 1849.
What little news we have this morning is con-
firmatory of the great rerrse:Lif ihtr Hungarians ;
yet there are discrepancui.-s anif-Writradict-innis which
throw an air of doubt over the matter. A corre-
s[,,itdentin the lraily News of this morning hints
at the possibility of GORGEY having played the
traitor. We will not harbor the supposition. Much
as we deplore these reverses in what we litoline
a good cause, we can only apply to them wnr-we
should say in an individual cb-s-, "that we would
rather our friends should be unfortunate than
wicked."
The QUEEN i still at Balmoral, in Scotland, with
her husband and family, leading the quiet unos-
tentatious life of a private country lady; walking in
the grounds with her chdileren, attending the parish
church, &c. The news from Ireland is satisfacto-
ry ; the people are quiet, the grain harvest healthy
and abundant, the turnips, mangel-wurzel, peas, and
parsnips very promising. Respecting the potato
crop, a letter from Dublin says : The potato, the
old nioip..,hti olf lhet soil, has not yet -hwini itself
Ire- o( laiiti anmi fatilur-. Witeepianteid starly :iid
in open grounds, nothing can indeed be more pro-
lific or sound than the too-important root. But
in hardly any other variety of circumstance has
it ahtingelhier escaped ; and, in most places where
the pl-anitng was late, the seed unchanged, or the
shelter of trees too near, there has been a loss of
part, if not of the whole. Where such is the case


the success of other green crops has rarely bet n
noticed; and thus, although distress may and inust
be anticipated next spring to iecur in particular
localities, iis advent will prbablv be much longer
deferred, attnd is prevalence miich more narrowly
circumscribed." Alogether Ihe-re isi great reason
to hope thit the physci.il rinidiion of things in
Ireland has very much improved, and we do not
perceive any thing lowering or gloomy in the poli-
tic-dl atmosphere.
7'ivet'et o'clock.-We are sorry that we cannot
report any material diminution in the deaths by
cholera in the mnetropolis- during the last three
days, ithey having been 186, 179, and 176, respec-
tively. Mr. ASTON KEY, F. R. S., and a very dis-
liniguished member of the medical profession, died
of cholera on Thursday morning, after a very few
hours' illness. He is the author of many valuable
works connected with his profession, and princi-
pally upon surgical cases and operations. The
death ol old MAIOMET ALI PACHA of Egypt would
have excited a great degree of ati-entiion some years
ago, but his retirement from pinhic> life hias made
him a man more of the past than the present. He
will retain his place, however, on the page of his-to-
ry, as one of the most remarkable men of his day


and generation, fruitful as they have been in great
men and great events.
The Chamber of Deputies at 'TURIN lses voted
the supply of the seventy-five millions of Fvres,
which are tQ be paid by the Government of Sardi-
nia to Austria, by way of indemnity, according to
the late treaty ; and it is rumored that the house of
Rothschild has agreed to make the loan to Sardinia.
BERLIN letters state that the surrender was not
so sudden a resolution on the part of the Hungarian
commander as generally supposed. There had
been previous negotiations, but they werekept se-
cret. KOssUTH had made over his powerseto GOR-
oEY, who used them to put an end to the conflict,
of which he had for some time despaired. *

COMMERCIAL AND FINANCIAL CPIT'OME.

FROM OUR LONDON MERCANTILE CORRESP0AVDENT.
ROYAL EXCHANGE, LONDON, AuoUST 24.
HUNGARY has surrendered! Gorgey, with lorty
thousand men, has, it is understood, made an un-
conditional surrender to the Austrian arms, and the
war has ceased. To say that such a dotiournittii
to a plot which has engaged the sympathies and
involved the interests of so many millions of peo-
ple, which step by step has been watched with the
deepest anxiety by all parties, as fraught with re-
stilts of the last importance to the whole civilized
world, has taken Europe by surprise, is to say no-
thing. It adds but one more incident to I he memo-
rable chapter of which the hi-tiory of the last two
years makes up the suni, and must be adminied to
be "a heavy blow and greal discouragement" to
the cause of rational liberty among the nations of
the Continent, and for the present losers the power
and promises the restitution of absolutism in a
quarter where every body had begun to think its
sway had nearly terminated. To speculate' upon
the ultimate issue of this sudden turn of affairs.
with such very scanty information in hand, ish task
we do not venture upon. The more im.otate
question with whi b we have cotnmmiowlto ta-
coricer. ed is-that of the probabilities of permanent
peace. We take it as a matter of course that the
other Hungarian corps will follow the example of
Gorgey, seeing therein a death-blow to any further
resistance, and consequently that the Auntro.Ru--
sians will find themselves in a few days absolute
victors.
The moral effect must be overwhelming upon
every other revolutionary movement i Europe;
the beginning of the end of tie wars which hate
raged the past two years may hence he regarded as
arrived, and we may calculate upon thing-s speedily
assuming their usual course a i far as Iusinmtss is
concerned. The prosecution of furiier hoshliiiesI
in any quarter seems for the moment to be a politi-
cal and financial impossibility. Prussia will take
care to use the. present crisis a- a check lot republi-
can tendencies among the Gerniin States. France
will in virtue thereof continue to keep down the
Roman people; and consolidate at Rinie the mate-
rials for an Empire; so that all over Europe'libe-
ral opinions will be for a time crushed beneath the
iron rule of despotic power, so far as it dn lie
used, or the popular voice will ie silenced hbuch
instalments of representative Government as? may
prudentially be concededby lriuinphaut absolletiIm.
You will say this is a dark piitiure l'ur the demo-
cratic cause; but let me observe that the chief rea-
son of its failure generally in Europe has been the
unprincipled character of its abettors., anid it.; dese-
cration by alliance with red republicanism, anarthy.
and violence. The next motemnent must be rallied
with moral power alone, and then it will be seen
that something has been gained during the late
struggle ; for we hold it that, sooner or later, what-
ever capacity for self-government a people mani-
fests, that will be the ultimate measure of the lib-
erty they are destined to enjoy. Discouraging,
then, as are present appearances in a political point
of view, there are relieving circumstances which
must not be lost sight of; order will be restored,
credit will revive, and Europe will have enough t1i
do, by attention to the industrial arts, to repair the
losses that have accrued from the dlStiurhau-e of
the past two years ; and at the same iinte it sAuwl%
may be hoped her statesmen will learn wisdomi.n,
and apply themselves to the framing of constiau-
tions based at all events upon a more liberal foun-
dation than that of military despotism. It is 1ot a
little singular that at the very moment when the
Peace Congress was beginning its sittilnl at Paris,
in order to denounce war as a principle, the etist-
ence of hostilities as a fact in Europe hail ac-
tually ceased; a good omen this, say we, for the
success of the apostles of Peace, and mOIe that goes
to justify their meeting, rather than render it niga-
tory, as some would have it. The ocicasion will
be seized, no doubt, as a text for the zealious advo-
cacy of peace principles, which may he made to
derive forcible illustration from what has jutl.ap-
pened. Many of your countrymen are preenti.
we observe, along with a great number of delegates
from this country, and the proceedings. are %xailhed
with great interest by the philanthropic e-erey w ere.
The English funds advanced a quarter per tent.
on the confirmation of the news of the surrender of
General Gorgey, received via Paris on Wehet-
day afternoon; and, apart from the political i'-m-
pathies of people one way or the other, it cainot
be denied that the termination of a c,,intes carried
on at such fearful odds', and in which Western Eu-
rope refused to become embroiled, is o far tb be
rejoiced at; but a less inglorious finish ,tl" the ;an-
paign was certainly to be desired by every sympa-
thizer in the struggles of the brave and gallant
Hungartans.
We are getting on famously with harvest bolt in
this country and in Ireland, the weather hiaiig
been very favorable throughout the week : the pro-
duct will not only be a full average, but will it tle
southern counties be housed in very fine condition.
On account of the superior quality of the etew
wheats, on Monday they brought an advaee of
one to two shillings; but suitre then, with suc( ex-
cellent prospects throughout the coiinnr\, the *'tde
in train has lap-ed into perltetit apaihy. Fromnllre-
land they write most <-he, rfully. a-s if a new) eta
were springing up. The peasaniry have again re-
turned to ihe potato diet, of which uhe stippf ,i
nmo.t abiindaint t l.stw prices, and the miscsf'is
said to be confined to the haulm ,it the plantjlhie
tubers being sound and good. lIdian corn istnot
taken at all for consumption ;it preseai, atind luce
prices are again declininig. The turn trade i sen
altogether extremely dull thits .lternooni in Mark
lane ; meanwhile the Baltc shippers, tired ofheir
losses, are sending us but little, nor wil the Cont-
nent generally have such an excess of breadistufis


as to swamp us apparently with supplies, asit did
last year. Our present liw rates ofler no margin
as against those of France aid Belgium, fretght
and charges being added.
The funds stand at92i to 93j consols, and tinan'
people expect a reduction in the bank rate 1' in-
terest owing to the abundance of capital. hut no
change has occurred this week. In rildwayv maters
it is only the guarantied shares that riitr at-
tract attention, as all the great conipainies, *hose
half-yearly meetings have just been held, have de-
rlared dividi.-iiinds "small by degrees and beautifully
less." American securities have been very little if
at all dealt in of late.
All things considered, the substantial position of
Great Britain has not indicated more signal token'
of outward prosperity for several years than are
this'moment appearing. The cotton speculation
goes allied too much to please sober people, buti it
is stimulated by the successive advices from your
sidle regiardming the crop. Iron is looking flat. Pro-
visions dull. It is said another year must elapse
before the Irish production of pork pan be conside-
rable agan.


EPISCOPAL HIGCH SCHOOL OF VIRGINIA,
'ihe Dliuc(-an chuiIl near Alexandria.
Rav. E. A. DALHRMPI.L, Rector.
I F, ni ext session of this institution will commence on the
A i second Wednesday (t2th) of September, and continue
ten months. The object of the school is to educate youth
i.'r.,u..Frt, on christian principles, prepare them for thejunior
and senior classes of College, or the active duties of life. The
course isexten-ive in every department ,-I lanrguag, i. and sci-
ence ; and the greatest pains taken to secure eumiipettmt in-
struction in every branch.
TEMas: $200 per session, payable semi-annually in ad-
va,,ce. P.,rents sending two sons pay $180 each. Bedding
$10 per i'sior, extra.
Tite number of students is limited to 75. Parents who in-
tend to send sons are requested to give early notice, that places
may be reserved for them. All who purpose entering the
school are most earnestly requested to present themselves
punctually on /the rst day of the session.
Application tor admission anIl lurtl er iiinformatio., i to be ad-
dressed to the Rector, P.O. Fh.uli.gicat Sciin .ry, Fairfax
county, Va." aug 1-t-i.witw
.EL)It. AL IHEPAItTMuENTI II) HAMPDt.N
_IDNF'1 COJLLE .E. mlcmhrund, 'a.-lti iellthli
annual course of Let tir. aIr ir, i t miot-tutih.n will critnine.-cuI on
Monday, October 22, 1849, and continue until the middle of
March.
R. L. Bohannan, M. D., Prolessor of Obateirics and Dis-
eases i>i \ .,-mn anil Chtildren.
L. W%. Nh.,nb,.r]l.,,,r,, M. D., Pr,..ftssor of M.%iLria Mledica
and Therapeutics.
S. Maiupin, MI. D., Profit ,nr of Checinisirv and Pharmacy.
Lha. Blll Gibson, M. D Prfsiisuir ulf urgery aid Surgi-
cal Anrtoriomv.
Carter P. Johnson, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and
Physiology.
David H. Tucker, M. D., Prfeissor of Theory and Practice
of Medicine.
A. E. Petieolas, M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy.
The Museum, Apparatus, and illustrations for the demon-
strator departments have recently received many additions,
aild tire nom sIL') Le.nmpleie. The l.ihtti.s Irr Practical
Aniormm .'ir u aurpiseiJ The Clinical iadlant gus are tully
..nmmieisurmate .ith tlit .aiLs of the sLtutnirt, and e9spceialh
saluabl. t,,thm.se prep.,ring f-ir practice at theSouth. UiiiChh.l
Letuiin-s are gicn isite a 'eek in t.i College ir.tiriim.,r,
( hib. c a i,;ma itm, elii,- .,.nt.ut wy with t',e l.oli HI.) aim i.,te
a a,-ek in the I chmnomd Almshouse. In these iiunimions ithe.
.iiedits jccurT,,g in Smutilern practice are met with, and the
stuilcilt has the most eligible opportunities of becoming ac-
quatnied ih s it. iir t lipes and treatment. The frequency of
surgical Ulerations before tlie class, together with the facilities
lor %itlinesiFgilhe Irtatment ,,fSurgical easei, renders this one
of ti bet biliools tl Practical Surgtlf.
Chiirgii.-- t mriui,,tion $i ,ickJ.L ,I Ihi Prlc',"rs f. 1
P 6Cital l.eo-J .1, ; Graaudati I'-m 5 ; board, intelud-
*olu R aemant's atterdar., -.. mi, be obtained at
$i i.41 permeek. S. MAUPIN, M. D.,
aug [;-i,[np I)n the Faculty.
LEESBURG ACADEMY.
N. F. D. BROWNE, Principal ; assisted by SinsEr H. MAssH.
THE next session tal hi, .,e wlrimV will commence on Mon-
day, September ,l I'c. -. I difficulty and delay in the
arrangement of classes, students should, if possible, be present
at that time.
It is our ambition to train up young men thoroughly in all
the departments of '-arniog, to inspire them with manly
thoughts and desires for usefulness, that they may prove an
honor to the institution and be prepared to act well their parts
in any station to which they may be called.
The liberal endowment from the State has enabled this aca-
demy to take a stand of independence, and to afford facilities
for a comprehensive edneitimoii in ilti c. may of apparatus, free
lecture,. c&., Lquilld I.,' I5w similar in.tituiim i in the
country.
Expenses.
Primary English branches, including Arithmetic, per
term of five months...............................$10 00
Higher branches, Mathematics, or Ancient Languages,
per term....... .......................1 ...... 16 t.I,
French and Spanish, per term, each................ 5 o
Fuel and incidental expenses ....................... 1 00
Board can be obtained in private families for from $50 to
$60 per term.
F, om the fact that the first impressions made upon the child
are so difficult to eradicate, we have been induced to form a
class of small boys, believing it would be more conducive to
their future scholarship that children should not attend school
at all than that their early training should be entrusted to in-
experienced teachers, or, what is worse, to those destitute of
moral or intellectual qualifications.
Circulars will be sent to &m-s_ I. dril.-, them on application
to the Principal, Leesburg, Loudoun county, Virginia.
au8l--6wep
O ,NDA[ IMIN FOR iALE.-1The itsi.ijl Uluiliy
residence ot the late Dr. Patrick' Macaulay, near the
western verge of the city of Baltimore, is offered for sale by
lie suLsi iitr,. Ais trustees in chancery. The immediate lo-
atiUo'Ai l inus 'sll-known seat is upon an eminence that com-
manids b',,timdil views of the city, of the surrounding country,
and ol ith>e -,ers of the Harbor and Chesapeake Bay. It com-
prises about seventy-three acres of laud halfa mile without
the western limit of the city, and about two miles trom its
central portions; and, from the rapid approach of the city
improvements and the elevation and extreme healthfulness of
the neighborhood, it must soon constitute one of its richest
suburbs. The ornamental grounds about the Mansion House
of Mondawmin, with the garden, graperies, and orcharding,
are in the highest possible state of embellishment and culture.
The exotic trees and shrubbery with which the green-houses
and conservatory are stocked were selected by the late pro-
prietor himself, on his repeated visits to Europe, without re-
ference to cost, and were adjusted and trained by his own taste
and personal attention to their present state of bearing and
fruitfulness. For useful purposes, there is meadow enough
on the place to grow fifty tons of hay, atnd it produces fine
crops of corn and other grains. The water, supplied by
springs in almost ever) field, is conducted by the best modern
hydraulic pipes and apparatus through all parts of the house,
the kitchen, and stalling, and in the fullest supplies to the
bath, garden, and ornamental basins.
The dwelling on Mondawmin is a modern structure of great
elr gance, eighty-five feet by forty, two stories, with basement
and attic, with porticos and extensive conservatory. The
parlors, drawing-room, and library, on the first floor, are spa-
cious and well pitched, and the apartments on the second and
third floors are arranged with the best reference to health,
convenience, and comfort. The manager's and servants'
houses, stabling, barns, &c. are all new, and in keeping with
the re.t nl ine nh pr itr.i-nn i.ts of the place.
It 'iorul.il ie ueles, 1o gin into a fuller enumeration of the
arianltsanes l ,.pr.>i:nienis of this valuable property. It is
believed they are scarcely equalled, certainly not exceeded, by
those of any place in the country.
The property will be open for the inspection of those who
may wish to purchase, and laid down in plats, so that it may
be sold separately or together, as purchasers may desire.
Any information will be given to those at a distance who may
write to the undersigned in Baltimore.
The title is perfect, and all liens, taxes, &kc. wilnbe paid up
to the day of sale.
The terms of sale prescribed in the decree of chancery are :
One-third of the purchase money to be paid in cash, and the
rest in equal portions at one and two years, with interest.
The sale will be made at public auction, on the premises, on
FitDAT, the 28th day of September, 1849, at 1 o'clock P. M.
Possession will be given by the first of November, if desired.
J. J SPEED,
HENRY WEBSTER,
aug 25-eolt Trustees.
"l IABIl.E if.RM iun Mouitgonier3 cu uil) loin
X sale at puble Auctlon.-Will be sold on Saturday,
the 15th of ,:- i.- .,b,-t, at 3 o'clock P. M., on the premises,
that well known farm,long cultivated and improved '\ ib mI,
C. A. Burnett, beautifully situated on th,. G,.jr.r[igerisr and
Rockville Turnpike, abou fins, rnmilh= rofn, (.,..mrg..... 1", D.
C., containing 2354 acres, -r,,,,u.I.I' welL'-.,',-r.-i, in.I s. in-
tersected by the turnpike that it can be divided into two well
located farms of 125 air]d I0 acres, both well watered. The
.i,,lr._,t..ni.,is ri.si, of a good dwelling, large barn, corn-
Irit.r, rn- in b, ,j..i ieegro q'enirrs. ind other convenient out-
buildings, a large orchard i.n elhir,- apple, peach, pear, and
other fruit trees. For health apd beauty ot location, its sus-
e.-piiLilii) of beautiful improvement, and the character of the
neighborhood, it is surpassed by few farms in the county. The
manager will show it. +
Terms of sale are: One-third cash, one-third in twelve
i,,,r.ths, oce-third in twenty-four months, with interest from
di' of sale, or cash for the whole, at the option of the pur-
chbser ; the credits to be secured by notes or bonds, with ap-
pro.sr' ,-i 5, 1ii; it.
TIne i'rirhi sill be sold suL, bct to the privilege of securing
m,,d rp-m,.,virg the prsici.i t gr..-ii crop, or said stock, with all
ilt farming .>pinstla. stock, Sic., except the slaves, will be dis-
pi,, a ,, I s al e pnic Ic'ul indisputable.
Ior further information apply to W. D. C. Murdock, near
GU.irgetown, or tothe subscriber, at Baltimore.
C. LEVERING,
.ug 30-2awtd 118 Lombard street.
SrfALU UtBLlL H ELL E'I'ATE i-JH' tAL-.
s \\ trh a tlsst -t" localing hitn ell ,,ear I t.sn for li,
r0i1'ci.em eiLe

sale 011 Pm acci.inr ,.i.ig t.'l nii oie i )i I'I hlllr- i .i pr,,lUir i te es-
:,s'i in thi, Nritherrr Nrck of Viir.i,, [-h1 m i, in.- ilrF-
ul P-Aromia rii-r, thirty miles of Alexandria, and tWi .rl 01
Ilrtie-riekshim4. rhis estate, consisting of several tracts,
cniaira '.2,.".) rr-, and is susceptible ofdivisioni into three
large farms, upon two of which are comfortable dwellings,
iAw the ,co.mniiodtir.ns required for a large faitmily, with
fl.-u-ahsn.g ,.. j.rrI.lucte, orchards of choice fruits-on por-
tions of thIe estate there are several plain and comfortable
dwellings. There are 500 acres of rich liw gr.-,uls, which
yield an average of 50 bushels of corn to thi,: .-r,-. The ave-
rage from 150 acre fihlM s of high and low grounds is, in ordi-
nary seasris, 35 ?ui sh,1s to the acre. The arable landsare for
the mosai part in a high state of improvement, clover and plas-
ter ha% ng lier, uSid 1, r tl ..nt.-fise )3 .,rs, itil rcer, 1 I iiH ,
in ,''g iU.aitlics. The m6lrali -u eion -, of the ila misi .rt
within a mile of a ,,.,ig l.,Ir enl pk eiil.l titg i tL th,. PouCn.i
The wheat crop rrirs :,Lc.)rding to teoilm r.im ti-ri to[i,tt)
bushels to the acre. I'le .-rJqage ol the r:at r..p is iltirtv
bushels to the acer. The reight oijn grin raised on tinhiiet:1
i,. iper bushel, Ithree L cnts to Aleandrit a id Ge,.rgetovn, fii
cr-ni s in Bim Iiuire', anid sli cents i. ti Rchmonil. L-pun a pr
ofthe tract th.-re is a good grit arul seast mill. hl'hre arm
irc t .iu I ,r."-i>. aires l" thi m i igri,.l gr i h th l' tiiib r, crn-
s, siing rg u lfaie :rid trel oak, telilsr-it, Jtlluo pine, some hlrk-
o, anI I $ an lek alrut. T he aiove estate is so conveniently
suippliCid hitli so., I.r ncril-atires and fuel. aiI stih water,
as 11, idlut oif f'ii-ini an1r.rrg a nutnber of purthlias'rs prefer-
iiug i.c 4at sinijll irit i.,t lanrul. Persons wishing to purchase
the whole, or part of the premises, are invited to vil,. and ex-
aninelit tin,. id sach as may desire more particular informa-
tio. m li pl.ikse address the subscriber, near, Bumfries, Vir-
gil.i .Julih Moilrc'm, Ei4. int.ir Fal.i]i.,iiui, Virginiai ,r Winm.
1-. Fitzhuih, jr., Fredcrni.kliurg, irgmiia
ap 6-l W1M. 1H.FITZHUGH.


GUANO, GUANO, GUANO '-The subscribers have
in warehouse a large quantity ol ihis valuable manure,
and are prepared to supply farmers at prices much below any
other market. Their assortment comprises-
Peruvian Guano, Government importation, in white cotton
bags
Patagonian Guano, "Curtis "cargo, very dry, strong, and
free from stone, and believed the best ever imported, in white
bags
bfatagnnian Guano of the "Hibernia," "Sophie,"and "Ca-
ledonia's" cargoes, in bags and barrels
New Timothy and Clover seed
Ground Bones and Plaster.
They guaranty the purity oif all gun.o passing through theiir
hands, and, having regular prices, persrins ordei ing can de-
pend on obtaining it on as goidlt i-runs as Ihough purchased in
person. o% \\ Hi [I' LOCK & Co.
septtl Corner Gay .nd HiHgh sireeis, Bltimi,.re
L I3I1IJ11LiN LANDUS of the BE.sT (II.AL'IT lor
aale.-Orn beha l oi- the- iirs %e offer lor sale k.sangollen,
the residence nol ihe Iht Cuithberi Poulell. Ii is slituaid in
the southwesatrn porlioin oI the courntly ol Loudoun, and on the
eastern base ol ihe Blue Ilidge, about t*o aind a hall miles
from the village ofl Uipr-villI. It cntiins about 76'2j acres.
It it bhiev.l iit no ufarm i. the CO'iu-r Lcf Loudour, has been
more iuctcslully man g. d it the mixed ipursuif of grazing anil
Iarming. TIhe log-tourinru-dE appltatioin ulf the best silstem
'l tlarmnug, under the dir.enion of the sigilt care and esuel-
lentjudgmerpt mo iii lat4ie c Op ii-,r, hae brought this trm l to
the high-st state cl imnlron.]]n-il. I lie fields arc mdmintblv
arranged uaih regard to the appearance ol the hole lai m in, and
thu- daptaution ol earth part ol it1 t lluase purposes of culture,
grazing, oir oadlatnd, to tnich it is bes, fitted All ihe tierds
ire Jel suppliei itlh Irebh running uairr. All ark eiclosed by
stine Iatingol the best sort. The dwelling is of brick,'roug-h.
cast. It is large and ypmmodious, and commands an extensive
view o'f rune of the most bsulilul landscapes in Virginia. Thte
garden aind the grounds arniunI the dwelling are handsome
and tastelullv arranged. The out-houses and larm buildings
are of the mo A subh iitial kind, being built of brick or stone,
and in good order.
The position ot this estate in a county remarkable for us
beauty and healthfulness, its productiveness, the access to mar-
ket which it will command by the turnpike road to Alexa-
dria, the canal near Leesburg, and the Gias eretk improve-
ment which will soon be placed under tui tract, iluh its vicin-
ity to schools and tihurthes, make this one of the most attrac-
tive and desirablelirmsti ithir State
The mienioi of it.se disposed to purchase is invited to it
taring tihe app, ohlaiig siumanmetr, len its groy ing cropa and
it at1i bcesn-a ill lIurnm Lh Lihe best evidence m, Is itstpjeli).
We offer also four other farms in the same neighborhood,
one containing about 275 acres, one about 300 acres, one of
200 acres, anti one of 262 acres. The first named three are
enclosed and subdivided by good stone fencing. These lands
are ot the same general character with Llangollen, but the
buildings are of a plain order. The terms will be made to
suit purchasers. Communications upon the subject of these
lands may be addressed to the subscribers, or either of them,
directed to Leesburg, Loudoun county, Virginia.
WILLIAM H. GRAY,
june 8-tf CHARLES L. POWELL.
VALUABLE REAL ESTATE AT PRIVATE
S SALE.-The subscriber having removed to the West,
ters at private sale his farm in Montgomery county, M.ir) -
land, distant about nine miles from Georgetown, in the Lhstrait
of Columbia, anid about three miles from the Chesapeake and
Ohio Canal, containing about, three hundred acres of land, a
sufficient portion of which is in wood and timber, the whole
under good enclosure and in an excellent state of cultivation,
being capable, by a "hlit application of guano, of producing
fifteen or twenty bushels of wheat to the acre. The improve-
ments are substantial and in good order, having upon it a large
and commodious brick dwelling, with four rooms and a passage
upon the lower floor and four rooms above, with all necessary
mui'uildhongs. There is a pump of fine water in the yardanda
tesr-Iailhaiig spring near the dwelling. The farm is well
watered, having a large stream passing entirely through it,
upon which are a fine grist and saw mill, the only mills for
,e.rsl iueus mir.und. Ii location in a healthy and pleasant
neighli.rhood its pro\miaity to Georgetown affording many
s.vadiltages to tle luture inmlproseimlet ol the soil a0 d the lai.li-
ty with ah,.,h its pildiLtuis may be taken to market, tenil.-r i1
one ot tihe mrnst desrimiale situations in the county, and preseii
inducements to purchasers that rarely occur. This property
must be seen to be duly appreciated; therefore a more particular
description is deemed unnecessary, as persona wishing to par-
chase can view the premises tor themselves. Persons desirous
of purchasing are referred to my brother, ROBERT W.
CARTER, residing near Rockville, who will show them the
premises, and is authorized to contract for the sale of the same.
The terms will be liberal iil acc'imnmodating.
sep 12-tf .ItHI' A. CARTER.
pRIVATE SALE' OF ENFIELD CHASE.-This
is perhaps one of the most desirable estates in Maryland,
both as to quality and location. It is situate in Prince George's
county, adjoining the Messrs. Oglj" nd others, has every ne-
cessary building in perfect i eptairtll, is in the highest state
of cultiyationu The subscriber, with a view to other occupa-
tion, will sell either the whole or lots to suit at a fair price
and on an extended credit. There are about six hundred
acres in the tract, which is well wooded and watered. Parti-
cular terms made known on application to the subscriber on
the premises, or by letter addressed to him at Queen Anne.
mar 31---etf N. H. SHIPLEY,
IN CHANCERY.
At a Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery of
Fauquier County, held on the 6th day of October,
1842.
The Bank of the United States and Joseph Cowperthwaite,
plaintiffs, against John B. Steenbergen, Alexander S. Tid-
all, Robert Y. Conrad, James Marshall, jr., Rhesa Alien,
Samuel Jones, jr., The Western Bank of Baltimore, Chas.
Moore, Samuel Moore, and John Wisman, defendants.
Extract from decree.
"And thereupon the Court doth adjudge, order, and de-
cree that one of the Commissioners ot the Court do take an
account of all the individual debts due from John B. Steenber-
gen on the 25th day of January, 1840, to his creditors respec-
tively, and for which they had no other security than the deed
of trust of that date, as well the debts not expressly named in
the deed of trust as those that are named, and report the same
to the Court, stating specially any matter that he may deem
pertinent or any person claiming to be such creditor may re-
quire. * And any creditor desiring to take evidence,
except before the Commissioner at the time of taking the ac-
count, shall give four weeks' notice of the lin cuii ,dplnec of
taking the same, by advertisement in the Nrm otn.dil I|mligero-
cer, and by notice to the respective couns( I .Il the petiliun-rs
and to the trustees of the said John B. ,a'eeiilergei,." Awi
such of the said creditors as shall ncesent iheir l.im, bdtore
the Commissioner shall submit to be examined on oath before
him, upon proper and pertinent interrog.tories touching their
claims, if required to do so by any of the other creditors, or
by the said John B. Steenbergen or his trustees."
An extract-Teste: WM. F. PHILLIPS, Clerk.

CtIM:l MI'!SIONEIS'. NOTICE.
LL persons interested in the decree of which the above is
an extract are notified that, on Thursday, the 18th day
of September, 1849, at my office, in the town of Warrnmton,
Fauquier county, Virginia, I shall proceed to execute the
Same, when and where they will please attend with all proper
evidence. JAS. V. BROOKE, Comm'r.
WAaRENTOx, AueusT 9, 1849. aug 14-tlaw4w
HE DOMESTIC PRACTICE OF' HYIKROPA-
T HY, with fifteen engraved illustrations of important
subjects, by Edward Johnson, M.D.
, Hydropathy, or (he Water Cure, illustrated with many cases
1.l cure, by Joel Shew, M.D.
Theory and Practice of Hydropathy, intended for popular
use, by H. Fraiteke. For sale by
aug It FRANCK TAYLOR.
MARYLAND STATE LOTTERIES,
.FOR SEPTEMBER.
Drawn by the authority ot the Legislature. All schemes
examined and approved by State Commissioners, and the Lot-
teries drawn under their personal superintendence.
Address all orders for tickets to
COOKE & FRANCE,
Managers' Office, Baltimore, Md.

GRAND C'ON.SiUlIDATED LOTTERY, Class No. 41,
To be drawn in Baltimord September 15, 1849.
Sixteen drawn ballots in each package of twenty-six tickets.
aPLErzDi 8sCHusME.
1 Prize of.......$45,000 20 Prizes of... $1,000
1 do.........15,000 20 do...........500
1 do............ 7,500 20 do........... 400
1 do............3,000 20 .1-............. l
1 do ..........1,750 474 do...........150
1 do............ t,230 I e. &c.
Tickets $15, Hales, $7.50, Quarters $3.." i.
Certificates of 1iaik ,ges ,If 26 whole tickets $180 00
do do 26 half do 90 00
do do 26 quarter do 45 00
do do* '.6 eighth do 22 50

GRAND CONSOLIDATED LOTTERY, Class 42,
To be drawn in Baltimore September 22, 1849.


BaILLIANT SCHEME.
1 prize of....... 37,500 25 prizes of.... 750
20 do......... 3,500 25 do........ 305
25 do....... 1,500 1124 do........ 250
&e. &c. Icc.
Tickets $10-Hliae. .5i-Quarters $2.50.
Certificates of pack,,gs .: ,' 2i wholcs $1.10 00
Do do 25 halves 6500
Do do 25 quarters 3'2 50
RICH AND BRILLIANT SCHEME FOR SEPT. 29
Capital prize- $66,000,.*33.W0. 100 of 12,000 !
GRAND CUNmOLIDATLD LOT'I'ERV, Class No. 43.
To be dromn in B1ltini,,re, Spteinibr 2y9, 184'j.
BRILI.IAi T seHnMimL
1 prize o -f...... .$6,i.)u 1 I it ze nr....... $4,175
I do ...... jJtl(O 10XI do ........ .0i,ls)
1 du ...... .2,,,ti mr 180 lowesIt nos.).. 5mJ-i
1 do ...... I I,,x"' 65,, list and -2) ..... 250
1 di ....... 7,"). Iu 65 t Q, and 4tilI).... 1'25
Ticekes $20-Halves $ 1 --tuarters $5.
Certificates of packages of 26 whole ntickets$25u 00
Do do 26 hall 125 00
Do do 2b quarter 62 50
Do d-i 26 eighth 31 25
& All ..,lders for tick-ts, shares, or packages iill be
pr,'tnpth .tjrUded to. All nmijunm0. miOhS siricily coi,fidrn-i-
timl. Addre's COUKE. N FIANiF.,
Managers' Office, Baltimore, Md.
aug u 2t-tawep&lawdp


JEFFERSON COLLEGE,
Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
THE next term in this institution will commence on the
12th ot September ensuing. The price of tuition is $10 50
per session, himtiitltg t. e e.-ii.,ng.n o,- In the Class.cal de-
partment it is $6 50 pir session.
Letters f inquiry may be addressed to the President, Rev.
SA.B. Btow D.D., Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
aug 28-cptl2S
THE PAIAPICO FEMALE INSTITUTE,
Ten miies from Balitmore, Elircolt'as .fills (..ld postl ofie,
under t0lm trecrnr. 7/ Mrs. LINCOLN PHtI LPs, .,itiii
b3, mang able Prs,.'ors and Ta,-A'hes,
"Wt[ILL tcoincimce aa ntw aci,)aistic year on the '-l;th of
t Srplembtier neit. Pupils enterii.g or thie ne, 3,r
can be cseommodated during ih-, varati..n ith board ai he
[nstltute, under proper sup-ri'ision or instruction. Ti nas :
r 2 i,0 tor borird and all necessaries connictlid mith 1i, ail i.,r
English education cfor the schniolaic ycar of ,orty-four ueeks.
Aeo.-mnplishmniets, larmguages, ic. with board in'vactinon, ex-
tra charges.
For haithiulnrs of lnocatmion, (situated in a high and salu-
brirus region,) beauty ot senior,, and Iacili v, access obr
tratelers, the Patapse.) Initiltute is uniirpamied. That its
aslilailages tobt besosimg .. lheral "rn.I d M...niplhheid education
are hppreciated by the public is lull) dcmoimtraril by its past
saniI prebset prosperity no.) -.
ST. PAUL'SLIOLLEGE, COLI.E.G;U POINT I,
A.\ar Fushtffng, Lon4' sl mnd .,\''a E'-"
qT. PAUL'S College issituatd on theli bink ii lhe East Hi%- -
er, al a polla itelse mi,-s ilistant itor n ihe cit oI Nw
York. The locality) is a retired oune, of' singular beht) and of
almost unequalled salubrtv.
The course otf stud) etinenimplates a thorough Classical Edu-
cation. The modern Langugtcs and all ] l.h Ea glish branches
of Learning receie regular and adequate titen t
I he numblier -.. -.ffi,:r i, 'he .-inatliLtUiiun i g the past
session has l4een len-of students fifr).
I he Iweniy-bLucond session ol this insliuti.ion illi enrnmence
on the first iMonlay oI Ociuber neLst. Puuil.ar,- alliitedil into
the Prirni ilasis-.s at tien years orl i ge. aiiril intoiihe C.ill-giate
C]iSases wtlmt -r they 6%a;t satrined suffiilnm schbolarslip
AipiiLahann to be made tm tihe R.ctor ..It C. 1i,.g Pi.11t.
aug 3-cpitlOet REV. J. G. I.ARl'l N. Rector.
HIGH SCHuOOL -OK BOYSIntheSOUTHWEST.
Kavenscrol Semninary. Columbia, Tennessee.
'Under th/me cun raol 't ithe B.-i,.'./m cn4 Conventionof tmhe Pro-
lre'anl Epnsr.pnl Chtrch.
Right Reset-rend J sat.. H. 0- ai, I.D., Visiter.
Rev. J. T \\'HEAT, . U., President.
DONALD McLzon, A.M., Ulnii ,rsmty of Glasgow, Head ot
the Household, and Professor of English Literatuye and Elo-
cution.
M. S. RoTes, Prefeot and Adjunct Professor of Ancient
Languages and Mathematics.' I
The third session will begin on the first Monday in Sep-
lt~mbtr
T.-rmst--250t per inmum for boarding and tuition in all
the classes, Englih, Mlth.-ntim.,l, Classical, and Modern
La guagrs, pasabl, liitll earl i advance; one-half on the
tirs -I Si .ii-nmb'. i, d.i one-half on the first of February.
acion the morihls of July and August.
Rl v. J. T. Wheat, D.D. -
re>. 1. (ressey, C,2IFT'titlr, ,,f
Lucius iJ. Polk, Esq. Hunmilo.r. Place, f Convention.
Andrew J. Polk, Esq. A,.h.,oil, J
aug, 9-2awtl5thS
WJINCHESTER MEDICAL COLLEGE.-The
Fourth Annual Session of Winchester Medical College
commences on the first Monday of October and continues un-
til the last of May.
FACULTY.
Hugh H. McGuire, M. D., Professor of Surgery.
Daniel Conrad, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and Phy-
siology.
J. Philipm .tiniM, M. D, T I lior an1 Prattcre of Medicine.
Jhn I. 'Fauntler,,r M D., UlJ.tIErirt&, Diseases of Women
andt Clhildren, and NIedital Ji.uris.r1,il ir
William A. Bradlord, M. 1)., Ch,_niitr) and Materia
Media. -
Thi unusual length ol the s ssirni .nd the rigid daily exami-
nations upon each preceding 1.-iure constitute one of the
ipeuliair feiures in the pla t of instruction.
"ltie fee to ,:ach Profiessor is $'Jti, MItrii.iiation fee $5 ;
Dissecting Tickei fli-.-tht ,h,.,c amouhriing toi $115. Gra-
duation fee $20..
LLellent ibardling can be procured either at the hotels'or
private boarding houses at from $2 to $3 per week.
HUGH H. MeGUIRE,
aug 11-S3mep Chairman of Faculty.
COLLEGE OF ST.-JAM is, -
Washington county, Maryland.
THE eighth i..i i. a ill opemn Ni.n.;ay, October 1st, on
which-day ;lr, pufti.l iiit e.-.d.nie r t all the students isre-
quested. The duties of the classes are promptly recommended,
and it is very important that all the nitmil,.:r w icm or old,
should take their places at the opening. ii t- ,- irior..
The academical year extends from the 1st ot October to the
tat of August, there being but one vacation, August and Sep-
tember.
In the College all the usual ',classes, under a full corps ot
Professors, have for several years been pursuing the entire
course of collegiate studiesequal to that kirsch beiI i ih' olden
Colleges of the North. At the reeeni moitrneiceniit ihe
third graduating classes received their academical degrees.
In the Grammar School, wh ch immediately joins the Col-
lege, the preparatoryplasses are carefully trained by compe-
tent instructors, undelthe supervision of the Professors of the
college. Thus pupils may enter the institution at an early
age, and pursue their entire course of study under the same di-
recton until they graduate.
The Mercantile Department embraces those partial mem-
bers of any of the collegiate or preparatory classes, who may
be preparing for the counting room or othe,:r non-protessional
life. Such students are admitted to all the privileges and ad-
vantages of their several classes, substituting in place of some
of the classical studies such as are more necessary to a prepa-
ration for business.
French is a regular study, without extra charge, to all the
classes. In addition to the French the Mercantile students
will be taught without charge German or some other modern
language.
The location of the College is perfectly healthful; and there
are no towns or villages near to present the temptations so
dangerous to the young. Moral and religious education is one
chief design oh the ih stiuliir,.
The charge covering all academical and domestic experi.-s
is $225 per session of ten months. The rulcs 1f the Coll-ge
carlull)m rsttrit, ar, ..ither expenses of the student.
All he dcpirtiuetis are under the immediate supervision of
the undersigned, to whom application may be made for copies
of the Register" ot the C.l t e,. itr lor further information,
as well as for the admission if pupils
J)H N B. KEROOT, Rector.
College of St. James, P. 0. Md. aug 3-2aw2m
,UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND.
FACULTY OF PHYSIC.-Session oJ 1849-'50.
THE LEUTURES will commence on Monday, the 29th of
QeOctober, and ,luiine unmitil ihe 15tIh of March ensuing.
.'-hr,-ner5, and Ph/im*dqt -William E. A. Aiken, M.D.,
LL.. ).
Surgery -Nathan R Smith
Therapeutics, lMi, iia .1ledca and B yfgiene.-Samuel
Chew, M. a.
Anatomy and Physiology.-Joseph Roby, M.D.
Theory and Practice o] .Medicine.-William Power, M. D.
.Midwifery and Diseases oa Women and Children.-Richard
H. Thomas, M. D.
Lecturer on Pathology and Demonstrator o/ Jnatomy.-
George W. Mhmliurbic r.
Instruction, mri Chnmi.I Medicine and Clinical Surgery every
day at the Baltimore Infirmary, opposite the Medical College.
The rooms for practical anatomy will be opened October 1st,
under the charge of the demonstrator. Fees for the entire
course $90. Comfortable board may be obtained in the vici-
nity of the rleilmeal College for $2.50 to $.1 5mm per week.
WILLIAM E ,\. AIKEN,
aug 16f-awtNovl Dean of the Faculty.
I AND FOR SALE OR RENT.-A Farm containing
o[i, huidredl and fifty acres, the former residence of Gen.
Alusandmer Hmr,.-r. One hundred acres are open, and in the
highest state ol improvement. To a tenant or purchaser three
valuable men servants, accustomed to farm labor,- will be
hired by the year. About fifty acres are woodland.
Frr ternfs Mp,1" to Mrs. Hii'rTa. t.,rrer of Thir,) aind C
streets, Washi,,gion. (AItL Gaz ) |c 3.li-.imr. til
MAGNIFICENT LOTTERIES
OBR S.EPTt.MBEK, l~t9.
S. W. MAURJY & CO., Managers.
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit, of Monongalia Academy,
Claws No. 115, for 1849.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., Saturday, Sept. 22, 1849. *
OSANI) SCH5EME.
I prize ol.1.....m m.,i,.s. I 50 prizes of.... $1,000
i do.......... i1i ,., i 50 do......... 500
1 d,i .......... 8,u 1' 182 do......... 300
1 do.......... 3,681 &c. ce.
78 number lottery-I-3 drawn ballots.


Titkets, tI-Halve' .5-Wuarteri $2.50.
Certific:tc of packages of 26 wholes $140 00
Do do f26 halves 7000
Do do -6, quarters 35 00

Capital $63,000.
$26,n.00-I-l5,s00O- u10 prizes of $1,000.
VIRINIA STATE LOlI'TERY,
For the benefit oft" Mornongaia Acideimy,
Class I, lor 1849.
Tobe drawn in Alesdndria, a., Satormlak, Sept. 239, 1849.
78 numbers--14 drawn ballots.
BRILLIANT a1CHB'.
Ispten.lid prmze x ol'ft.j, si 5 prizes of......$4,000
I dno...........'tiri 5 do..........3,000
1 do........... i.Ui L U o..........2,000
I do ..........I i,ir i.IL" l.id........ 1,000
I do........... l.,477 2.19 do........ .. 400
&c. &c. &c.
Tickeltets $20-HalvTs lO-Qumters 5i-EigIfhhi f-' 50.
Uertificates ol' pIasLkmages ol 2r whole tickets $26t) 00
Do do 26 hall do *130 00
Do do 26 .-isrter dlo 65 00
Do do 26 eighths do 82 50
Orders for tickets and shares, and cerilicates ul packages,
in the above splendid Lotteries, will reteive tei most prompt
ai lert;ui, and an official acciint ol each dramsing sent inme-
dlattly afterr it is over to all who order frtm us Address
J. &C. MAURY, Agents,
aug I B-dkctdi Alexandria, Virginia,


T


A-W


I


*1