WASHINGTON: THURSDAY, MARCL ia41.
WASHINGTON: THURSDAY, MARtCH 11, 1841.
PUBLISHED BY GALES & SEATON,
THREE TIMlES A WEEK.
PRIcE-For a year, six dollars-For six months, four dollars.
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 10, 1841.
PRESENTATION OF FOREIGN MINISTERS.
The members of thc Diplomatic Body, now in
Washington, and accredited to tlhe Government
of the United States, were received by the Pre-
sident yesterday, at2 o'clock. Mr. Fox, the Bri-
tish Mlt'i,t'-r, on being presented by ihe Secreta-
ry .of State, made to the President the following
Sit : I have the honor to address yi in the name of the
D.plo....,ic By ,afcredited to thlie United States of America.
We hasten, sir, to C,.nrirahlulte "cj t'pon your it):..s!.n 'O
the high oliceuof Prasident o- thia RItepIlie, which theedon-
flidence of your fellow-citizens has conferred upon you. We
speak the true sentiments of our respective Governments and
countries, in offering this testimony of regard and respect
fort your person and for your station. We rejoice, sir, to
have heard from your own lips, in your Inaugural Address,
the declaration of a virtuous desire to promote the relations
of national friendship and peace between the United States
and Foreign Powers; and we are happy to recognize, in
your personal character and qualities, the strongest assurance
that the efforts of your Government will be faitlifully direct-
ed to acco.nplish so wise and noble a purpose.
To this address the PRESIDENT of the United
States made the following reply :
SIa: I receive with great pleasure the congratulations you
have been pleased to offer me in the name of the distinguish-
edl Diplomatic Body now present, the Representatives of the
most powerful and polished nations with whom the Repub-
lic which has honored me with the office of its Chief Ma-
gistrate has the most intimate rclations-relations which I
trust no sinister event will, for ages, interrupt.
The sentiments contained in my late address to my F> l.
tlow-Citizens, and to which you have been pleased to advert,
are Ihose which will continue to govern my conduct through
the whole course of my Administration. Lately one of the
* People, the undisputed sovereigns of the country, and com-
ing immediately from amongst them, I am enabled, with con-
fiJence, to say that in thus acting I shall be sustained by
their undivided approbation.
I beg leavd to add, sir, that both from duty and inclination
I shall omit nothing in my power to contribute to your own
personal happiness and that of the friends whom, on this cec.
casion, you represent, as long as you may continue amongst us.
The other Ministers, with their Secretaries, and
the persons attached to their respective Missions,
were then successively presented to the Presi-
dent. The Minister of Russia, we learn, was
prevented front -being present, by indisposition,
which, we are happy to be able to say, is not
THE SUPREME COURT.
For some days past we have not been enabled,
owing to the bustle of the times, to lay before our
readers the usual account of the daily sittings of
the Sepreme 6Court. They are all brought up,
The reader will perceive that yesterday the de-
cision of the Court was rendered in the case of
the United States, appellant,vs. the Amistad, &c.
and that the judgment of the District Court of
Connecticut in that case was affirmed in every
respect, except as to sending the negroes back to
Africa: they are by the decision discharged as
free men. [We expect to give this Opinion to
our readers a day or two hence.]
WAR VESSELS ON THE LAKES.
Some of the papers are making a noise in rela-
tion to reports that the British Government are
about to build war steamers on the several lakes.
So far as our knowledge extends, there is no foun-
dation for the report. The facts are these: For
Lake Superior there is a boat building for the Go-
vernment at Chippewa, to be called the Minos.
She is a moderate sized boat, atnd lias two f ii4i .,
of fifly horse power each. At Montreal there is
a very substantial steam-vessel building, by order
of Lord Sydenham, which is intended to run to
Quebec, or to any of the lower ports of the pro-
vince, to New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, or to
England, if necessary. Her engines will be of:250
horse power-two cylinders, each 56 inches, with 6
feet stroke. These boats are not intended for arm-
ed vessels, but will be fitted for war if occasion re-
quire. We cannot learn that any order has been
given for a war steamer to be built on Lake Cham-
plain.-N. Y. Cont. Adv.
GAMI.,mn.-The Cincinnati Republican states that seve-
ral iqstanccs have recently occurred in that city, which show
the necessity of severe penalties against gambling. As one
instance, that paper says: A clerk, not Img since, was in-
duced to visit a rambler's room. He had no idea of betting,
but wine was introduced ; he became excited; was induced
to play, and loot fifteen hundred dollars of his employer's
means. Detection an I confession followed. The employer
sought legal aid, but he soon saw that the law was inade-
T ate, and that his only hope was to compromise the matter.
wo other cases have occurred. In one, prosecution was
commenced. The gamblers were fined, and only laughed at
this effort to punish them.
S~ALUAB1E LANi'-S 1?OK SALE.-in pursuance
e of a decreee of the Circuit Superior Court of Law and
Chancery for Frederick county, in a stit wherein the Farmers'
Bank of V'rg.' ri.u | laintiff. and John R. Cooke and wife, and
others, are t I .., its, the undersigoed wilt proceed to sell at
public auction, on the premises, on Saturday; the 3d day of April
next, 423 acres of fine limestone land, lying near the town ol
Winchester, being part of the beautifuit estate no which the sail
John it. Cooke formerly resided, and including all the improve-
ments and best land ; a fine stream of water passes through the
lands, and there are tws fine orchards on the estate. Before the
day of sale the lands will be surveyed an-.i the corners marked
In the mean time, Lewis A. Smith, EHq. residing on .ho lands,will
shaw them to any one disposed to purchase. Possession, except
'tha lands sown in grain last fall, will be given immediately.
Terms of sale, ote fourth of the purchase money to be paid in
cash, and the residue in three equal annual payments, with interest
from the day of sale. Sale to commence a' It o'clock A. M.
A. S. TIDBALL,
J. M. MASON,
mar 6--epts Comaissioners.
7 O) PRINTERS AND EDITOR;e.-The subscriber
U.. having been, in coniexion wit, Mr. COLE, elected State
printer by the Legisltaure of Indiana, aol, consequently, obliged
to move to Indianapolis, offers his interest (one half) of the Wa-
bash Courier, Terre Haute, POtt SALE. The Courier, it is be-
lieved, has thl largest circulating and the best advertising and
jsb patronage of any newspaper establishment in Idiana, and it
is located in one of the most beautiful towns, and ia the midst of
one of the richest aed ,host fertile agrieuhtural regions in ihe
West. One thousand dollars of the purchase money must be
paid down, and a liberal credit will be given on thle balance.
For further particulars apply to Thotuas Donoho, at the office of
the National Intelligencer, Washiogtcn, or to the subscriber,
Editors will confer a favor by noticing.
feb 17-eo3wcep JOHN DOWLING.
10 I)t)L LARt S REWARD.--an away from the
100 sultscriber, about the tat Jvly last, a man named
StIPIO GANTr, supposed to be from 48 to 50 years old, 5 feet
S ,o 9 ih.tl.a hih. .il -,..o-exion, and spare; had on when lie
tfl', J.inrati ..- -.n l.irt .ni pantaloons, and took with him one
Ise :1 ,tbi c-, d.-irkl cloth pantalooins, and oldhi fur white hat. lie
lhan I.e-., i '.,, at .- irerent tiis in the P -,r,,,lmk ,' .r,i.l M.itt .--.-
men n il.rt,-.,,h,-,dJ within the last three wr.:ki k-i,-I h ,.
aicci it, % i..ri.n--a and Alexandria, D. C. The above rewaid
wl c.e g-.,. i' t.,lken and seeured aso'the .,.lcrti,n.l gets him,
iu a free St.d,; tii d..li,,i if laken in ,raini. ti, District of
Columbia. fir Maryland, erxpl:ng Chuarloes coiinty,end twenty-fivo
dollarstin that. ROBERT GRAY,
mfr 0-414wlmB Qbulr uaty1, Md,
FESTIVAL OF WHIG EDITORS. The question, also, was discussed whether Public Opinion I By D. W. WuHITaHURsT, of the St. Augustine News. SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES.
--- created the Press, or the Press Public Opinion ? Whether,* The sentinels on the watch-tower of freedom-the con- EXTRA SESSION.
...is "! ducturs of the W hig Press: N either bound in goldenn
The Itauguration of resident HSRRisoN, as is as the first or second moral power of the world, it was in ad- ics nor intimidated by the iron hand ofdespotism."
well known to our readers, brought thousands of vance or behind Public Sentiment? sn By J. PEsn nSS. The n observed of onferverss-pani 1T IESDAY, MARCH 9, 1841.
Wemgtg ntruhte vnn otetonn f- tBy 3. Pn1'Tl~rSS. The "observed of observers"-Dan1ItEDV A~I9 81
American citizens to the Capital of the United We might g on through the evening to the morning fs- d Henry Clay: The Roman mother could not be After -the j rnal wa read, Mr. HUNTINGTON rose,
.Statles 'With tIl. WV:his ol' the Union, Vashing- tt*Iies, and should i-lose with a very imperfect sketch of a a more'proud o her jewels. ant give his views at some length in relation to the vote
States. With the Whv i lie t vote Il .....
ton was the Pilgrin City, ad the multitude throged rofitahle and delightful meeting. We know not when we By R. S. ELLIOTT'r, (Pennt. I. li,., irrr ) Thie Whig which he should give om the resolution before the Senate to
t may again meet a body of men of the same profession. We Press of Washington City : Its valor and] ability render it a dismiss Biair & Rives as printers to the Twenty-seventh
here as did the Pilgrims of olden time to tIlhe Holy could wish such meetings were more frequent, as well from worthy sun, around which the planets of thile States may re- Conr.gress.
City. The Fourth of March, 1811, was a new the social enjoyment derived from them, ais front the power volvo with equal honor and safety.1 Mesers. KING, CALHOUN, SMITH, of Connecticut,
City.By N. Pu,.. Henry Clay and Daniel Webster, and Dan- and others severally addressed thin Senate against the adop-
era with the People of the United States. The they would have to unite in every good work and purpose tBel ter and i Henry Clay: Fortemque Gyan, fortemqe ti of the rsselutionand Messrs. HENDERSON (CLAY
citadel had been besieged for a series of twelve men of a common feeling and kindred pursuits. We have Cloanthunm. on a collateral point) and PRESTON in favor of it. [A
years, and they who were enclosed within its walls, known each other but in part, in our ab-ence one from an- By G. W. ELA, of the New Hampshire Statesman. The sketch of the debate and proceedings of the Senate for the
clinging to their altars and their principles to the other. Sectional prejudices, State feelings, a difference in conductors of the Whig Press: Let their manly independ- last few days will be given by the reporter hereafter.]
at 5m ot >in uie en the onqerors ofteinstitutions, habits of life diversified in their character, and ence shot7 that, claiming no exception fromn the duties of af day w e g i n y t reote heate b .
last, came forth in the end the conquerors of tilethat everlasting exaction of time and labor which keep, s citizens, they will submit to no exclusion from a citizen'sor was somewhat le, there were cries of" Ajourn, ad-
corrupt dynasty who had held the reins of power. editor cooped up within the four walls of his printing office vr ileg journ," aid Mr. SEVIER moved an adjournment which
Instead of a surrender, discretionary or by force of or his doenicil, have, in a measure, warped our better judg- Itwaslong past "thewitchingtime of night, when ciurchl- as carried.
arms, there was a triumph, and one so complete and mentsa. Our meeting here was in the very radii of the IRA- yards yawn and graves give up their dead," when the corn- Mr. W aT will occupy the fr to-morrow.
aiuiuimling that besiece, and besiegers were ,ilk. ii'nn-i rir l e tot North nor South, nr Eastnror Wcst. If pny separated. The night was far too short, and time flew
amazed at t issue of the contest. a,- l,, % ju.lies, we left them home; and if we had them apace. Nothing occurred, either in any thing done, T E SOanyTO PAIN
Ofamazed a the many who cat here, and who had don at home, they cannot return with us, after breaking bread and word spoken, to mar the festiities of the evening. The part- THE MISSIONTO SPAIN.
y drinking wine together, with common pledges and mutual inlg sentitnent was drank between one and two in the morn- HOusE p REPRESENTATtVES, MARCH 1, 1841.
good service to the country, were a number of the feelings. The more there is of this meeting face to face and ing. A hearty good night anud good wishes were the signal Messrs. GALES & SEATroN : I had intended, while the Civil
editors and proprietors of the Whig press of the coun- eye to eye, the better for the country. The Presp is, as was for separation. The' adjournment was not sine die, but to and Diplomatic Appropriation Bill was under consideration,
the Inauuaino h etWi rsdn. 0 ohv aldteatnino ogest h xrodnr
try. A body of men, who, through their newspapers, expressed in one of the sentiments of the evening, the con- Inauguration of the next Whig President. is to have called the attention of Congress to the extraordinary
were in daily communioin with one another, and trolling power of the nation ; and a tremendous engine, as expenses of the miion to Spa, from 129 t 13, ut was
representing, as it were, the eye antd ear and it is, it should be linked together, in no conspiracy for evil, SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES. prevented by a resolution of the House arresting all debate
__ before that part of the bill was reached to which the sitfject
tongue of ithe nation, were now, for ilhe first tittle, but for the acomilishment of great and holy purposes, in a TnURSDAY, MAP.ca 4, 1841. properly appertained. With regard lo theauthenticity of ke
togu common bond of union. We remnenuts-r, then, our socialTimesM cu41-t.porlapraiet. ittrgdtotathniiyf e
in the same city, and hereo for tn ba ompose-to a hm i f t remembr then om socm l No. 1. The State of Rhode Island, complainant, vs. the facts stated, 1 will observe that they have been obtained from
in tho same city, and here for the same purpose-to and harmonious festivity, as the members of a family re- State of Mas,.c'husetts. The argument of this cause was the archives of the State Departenit, andmay bherelledon as
participate in an event which lhad been conum- member those who are bound to the"s by the strongest ties continued by Mr. RANDaI.Pn fr the ucomplainant, accurate.
mated in part through their agency. The gathering of so of affection. If we are inclined )erealter to indulge in as- CORNELIUS P. VAN NEss was appointed Minister to Spain
many of thIe "Press Gang" at Head Quarters was made perities, they will be softened by 1Oe recollection of tho meet- FRIDAY, MARCH 5. on th 23 September, 1829, and his mission was terminated
the occasion of a fraternal meeting. Arrangements were ing of the Whig Editors at W\il.i,1-.m.,i upon the day sue- JACOB W. MILLzER, Esq., of New Jersey, was admitted an on the 1st October, 1835, being a service of five years and
made accordingly, and a feast of good things prepared by ceeding the Inauguration of a Whig President of the United attorney and counsellor of ihis Court. seven days. Mr. VAN Ness continued at Madrid, notwith-
one of the best caterers in the city. The time fixed for the States. If we are ambitiousof advancement in our calling, No. 31 Jesse Ho'yt ". David Hadden et al. in error to standing his recall, claiming to be Minister till the *2lst De-
convivial meeting was the evening succeeding the Inaugu- it shall be a generous emulation to excel each other in the Circuit Court of the UniteJ S'ates for the southern dis- camber, 1836, being a period of service for which he claims
ration of President HARtIsoN. Some forty of the members good works. Our rivalshp shall be that of friends placed in trict of New York. By consent of parties it is ordered and the emoluments of office, of six years and three months.
of the Press were present from almost the extremes of the positions of responsibility, and accountable, mainly, by the adjudged that the writ of error in this case ba dismissed with Mr. FoasTni says that Mr. VAN NESS was recalled on the
Union. There were editors in attendance from Maine to expositions we make to the Public for a correct public senti- cos S. 1st October, 1835, and refuses to allow him any compensation
Noof o i No. 1. The Slate of Rhode Island, complaisant, Vt. the for his gratuitous residence gfter his recall. Mr. VAN N:sas
Missouri, from New Hampshire to Alabama, and from the ment, anrid, more than this, for the perpetuity of our institu- State of Masauseho. he argument o this ause was say s rthat, in cui sequence of ter hse death ofll Mr. BAr, vN Sho
tops of the Green Mountains to the embryo State of Florida. lions. The Press of a country is its conservative principle- cortait d by Messrs. RANnoe argud Wttoe f th cause- was says that, pointed hissucencess of the death of Mr. BARRpoolon the
Old Massachusetts was there, and beside her old Virginia; necessary to establish, and alone capable of keeping a People plainant. 30th of August, 1835, he felt at liberty to remain at the
the Empire State was represented from the great commercial civilized, humane, and intelligent. It is, too, the loud and mission.
city of the Union to the interior of the State. New Jersey trumpet-tongued voice of the People. It breathes the spirit SATURDAY, MARCH 6. The controversy between Mr. FORSYTH and Mr. V*N
was there, represented by one who had been instrumental in of liberty upon the nation, and while it is a terror to evil- JOHN L. TAYLOrt and ALEXANDER MCONNELL, Esq., of NEsS as to the question whether Mr. VAN NEss was Minis-
rallying the great host at Baltimore in May ; the Broad doers it speaks in a voice of encouragement to the deserving Ohio, WM. PENN BRiG(s and HENI Y LEAVFENWORTI, Esqs., ter after the Ist October, 1S35, is most singular; and to state
Seal was remembered and respected ; and beside her a son of of every age and every calling. of Vermont, and HImam BARNEY, Esq., of tho State of New it fully would greatly extend this communication, and involve
the "Old North State" which had shown herself a bright We come now to the sentiments offered, some few of which York, were admitted attorneys and Counsellors of this Court. Mr. VAN NESS in a matter which will no doubt become a
beacon light in the midst of surrounding darkness. Mary- we have preserved. Of the speeches made, we can, for tlick -- subject ofjudicial investigation.
land was there, and Alabama was there. 'The Keystone of time, say no more than we have said. Of the speakers, M ONDAY, acH 8. My main purpose is to call the attention of Congress totbe
State" was represented from the great city of the State to its iit would be out of place to make distinction. For other par- BeMy s adc, E ,flO hio was aitt a" oter- enormous expenditure which has been charged on account of
capital; from the former, by an adopted son born under the ticulars we refer to the toasts given below : Noy andoumsetir of C rt I . this mission, with the hope that this and all other diplo-
/, *. *T ,rN -o. 1. The State of Rhade Island, complainant, vs. the thi misin i .h hop tha thi an a. ote d.po-
shadow of the Old Plymouth Rock, and from the latter, lby ByA.B. CABrs. The conductors of the Whig Press- State of Massachusetts. The argument of this cause was matic accounts will be closely and thoroughly investigated.
one who hsad bean mthe first to rescue the tenants of the log asBr.B CaVAuasws Te onucor owtaeWhg rssnSteofMasahuets.Th aguen oMtiscasewsFr.VA NYswa i ohieaasMrsFRSTHasers
abione who had bm the degfirst to rescue hthe vassalnts of the log w es in Washington: 'T'heir attention and courtesy to their concluded by Mr. WEBSTERa for the respondent. an .Ve NESS was t office, as Mr. FORSYTH asserts,
cabins from the degradation which the vassals of power brethren from other parts, like their discharge of their edito- (and he is the best possible witness:) for the perid of five
would have cast upon them and upon one of the great pio- rial duties, deserve our warmest thanks. TUESDAY, MARCH 9. years and seven days. He was authorized to draw on the
neers to the wilderness of the West. By JoansW. SrME, Editor of the Petersburg litt'. 1, i,'-r. No. 42. The United States Bvs. the schooner Amistad, Banker of tlhe United States at London for his salary, out-
The representation of the American Press would have done "A decent and manly examination by the Press of the acts &c. appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States for fit, &c. and he has gotten into his hands the sum of $98,-
credit to any body of men in the land. The oldest editor in of the Government should not only be tolerated but encour- the district of Connecticut. Mr. Jutiece STORY delivered 60S 31. The regular compensation would be thus, $9,000
the country was there, a man who, forty-two years since, had aged." the opinion of this Court, affirming the d-'cree of the said cutfit, $45,175 salary, aid $2,250 return allowance, making
hut the harness upon his ba, aind worn it almost from the By F. C. HILL. New Jersey: Every acre of her soil was Circait Court in this cause in all respects, except that part altogether 56G,425. How is the balance ofthissum account-
put tgie harness upon his oackf and worn it almost from the u tracked y the footsteps of ain enemy in '76, every vestige it-del
wrasuwrtoedtus by thccetstsoro enemy'sW bshindt Sh e r am esti ordering thle negroes to be delivered to the President to be ed for'I Mr. VAN Ness claims yet a balance of about $2,100,
inauguration of the successor of Washington, to the inaugu- was washed out by that enemy's blo ,d. She has ntanitfested transport ld, and"' r oe "versieuha p 10t ad rcemandi th whie th Secretary nfSasmks aac ganthmo
r i T'. r > i ^ws washed out by that enem's blood. Shesorid aas manifetastedadrmadn hewieth eitryu tlei~tlsablnc giatnio
ration of one whom the Father of his country had, in the in 1840 that the spirit of'76 still exists.anspotd, ad rverin that prt, and remaining the while the Secetary of State makes a balanceaaa
, , ., ", ., TT IT ii *i" *' n tti BUegr frmthe atCrcustod Cofrthe Couretand thaimistlewiH 1
buoyancy of youth, called from the retirement of social life By J. L. Hostr~ma, of Boston. Tip. and "Ip : Words of o tothue said Circuit Court, wuth directions to dismiss, tbe $,21,4t8 41.
to the hard service ot a campaign, to the uncivilized and al- i,. -i ii...t.rl. They have enabled the Whigs of the United at negroes from the ctody of the Court ad that they If Mr. FosYT be right, this balance of 26,418 I
most neploreNorthwest. Th seniors and juniors o f ,,. i ove the chair of the Kinderhook Magician in be discharged from the suit, and go thereof quit without day. should have been paid into tthe Treasury in the fall of 1835,
.. Jnexloethe White Nlouse, and to tie the legs of his blind followers __ or rather should not have been extracted from it. Mr. VAN
tlhe Press of the country were in aLttendance, and the corn- so firmly that they are "fixed for slow tiaclltu for the NEss, however, married a Spanish lady in Madrid, in the
bined experience of the few present would, if told and con- next twelve years. ON THE POLICY OF PURCHASING UPPER month of December, 1835, and continued his residence there
centrated, have been that of almost five hundred years. Some By Mr. WHARTON-, Wheeling Times. Col. Munroe, of AND LOWER CALIFORNIA. until about the fall or winter of 1839-1840, thus holding and
had been more than twoscore of years in thle service, and the Baltimore Patriot: A gentleman whose ardent patriotism, [OMMNcTON.] using this large sum for more than five years. He has not
several had labored with pen or type for more than a quarter worth, industry, and talent, command our respect, and are COMNA yet been brought to a settlement, and, having possession of
of a century. Others there were who had grown old and 'rthy of emulation. The weAth of the American Union consists principally in the money, will be in no hurry to come to a settlement.,
i ~~By IsAAC M,:-iioF The tree of Liberty *May its branch- b uniyadqaiyo irntoa oniadoe ..,
grown poor in the ranks; and others who, having done good By ISAAC u .iioc. The t ree of Liberty: May its branch- the quantity and quality of hr national domain, and one Somne of Mr. VtAN NESS's charges for contingencies are
service, and lost their little all in a profession of their choos- s expand until it overshadows the earth. treat element of her political strength al security is to be somewhat extraordinary. I will state some of them:
g, a d By NbriLssuN Port. The National Intelligencer an d its found in the extent of her territory. Plage and franking ,38 95
ing, had retired to some service where the laborer was better Editors : Tite exemplars of newspapers and of gentlemen. There is no danger to our political fabric from individual PTra and franking ,3008 95
rewarded for his toil. Others had linked their destiny for Irnltos3300
rewarded for is toil. Others ha linked their destiny for By JosEani R. CIHANDLEt. The Liberty of the Press: want and depedence so long as land is cheap anid abundant, Stationery 1,324 62
good or evil with the public Press; and others yet, and The right to publish, and the power to exclude, anrdl conimmeicc prescits new fi, Ida for the enterprise of art in- Expenses in following the Court of Spain in
younger yet, were fresh and ardent in pursuit of a profession By I. Ml-minis:. The granite hills of New Hampshire: creasiig and active population. changes of residence 4,457 10
the very labor and excitement of which is one of its greatest May they not yield to the spirit of locofocoism. TI ere is no danger front a dense population in the East, so Office rmnt 1 di h ,7 923
attractions. But we must leave the rellude for the nlav. andl Bv JAKts BROOKS. of the New York Exnress. The Press Inn. as it herb .door., thrWt, is, ist,, o to free Is. T o nluinations and dressing house 35 2) F
our own speech for the speeches of better soldiers in the ser-
We found ourselves between seven and eight o'clock seated
at a long table covered with all the good cheer of the season,
and decorated with all the good taste and beauty of one skill-
ed in the culinary art. At the head of the table, as the pre-
siding officer of the evening, was the Iftayor of the city, one
of the editors ofthe National I ,liiiie,',n The foot of the
table was occupied by a worthy and intelligent colleague in
thIe service, in the person of Cul. SroKs, of the New
York Commercial Advertiser. "The feast of reason and
the flow of soul" followed : amid speech, sentiment, and
song, midnight came, andl morning too,, before a separation
could he made, and, in the end, tlie final partingwas as pain-
ful as the first meeting had been pleasant.
It would fill a newspaper from the title to the imprint to
record half the good things said upon the occasion. Though
a social meeting only, and confined to the craft, within no set
speeches, anid no studied sentiments, there were frequent
sallies of wit, displays of eloquence, exhibitions of thought,
and promptness of reply and repartee, that would have done
honor to any body of men whose practice it might be to play
the orator. Many have doubted whether a speaking man and
a writing man could be concentrated in thesamc person. The
doubt should no longer exist, for we can bear witness that news-
paper editors, without practice, are as ready to think well and
to talk well upon their legs as any class of men who speak in
public by profession. The off-hand remarks during the even-
ing were'suggestcd at the moment, from occurrences growing
out of the festivity, and from the assembling of so many to-
gether upon a similar errand. There were poets present,
and poetry, both in prose and verse; bookmakers and dra-
matic writers of a high reputation and no mean capacity were
there, and withal a score of distinguished politicians, and
men who made a name and fame for hundreds who, inde-
pendently of the Press, would never have been known be-
yond the place of their birth and labors.
The veterans of the corps told their experience, and a sad
experience it was with some whose sentiments are embodied
in their toasts. Others vindicated the Press from the ostra-
cism which too many would use, abuse, arid banish. The
experience was generally a common experience, and the
opinions expressed common opinions, both as to the wrongs
inflicted and the proper redress of grievances. Those who
spoke of the power of the Press spoke of it in no vain boast-
ing, and in the full conviction that the Press was rather a
curse than a blessing to a People, unless it was moral, intel-
ligent, responsible, and accountable. All regarded it as a
potent engine, for good or for evil, and to keep it pure those
placed at the helm of this great and speaking power between
knowledge, and accountable to God and the People for the
knowledge imparted. A proper self-respect was regarded as
the true means of exacting respect for others. Coolness,
good temper, and dignity of character, were spoken of as the
great qualifications for men placed as sentinels upon the
watch-tower of Liberty. It was said, too, and heartily re-
sponded to, that those who would proscribe the Press should
themselves be proscribed. Proscription should be proscribed.
The Press should receive, not above other men, but as other
men, of the honors and emoluments of office-not merely for
the sake of office, but for the sake of justice. Public opin-
ion was wrong, and public opinion should be corrected. The
Press had been too long the mouth-piece of little great men
who had been puffed into an expanded and bloated notoriety
0 dangerous to the country as ijurious to tbhe Prss itolf,
power, aml the steam power: The great agents of civilization
to make all other powers fear and tremtle.
By F. C. HILL, of the Wilmington N. C., Advertiser.
The Whig Press: The result of the late contest proves that
no combinations of faction can withstand its eflirti in behalf
of constitutional liberty.
By JAaMES M. Sr:TEVENSON, of the Troy Daily Whig, N.Y.
The Whig Press: The mental lever which has moved the
People aid produced the great political revolution over which
we now rejoice.
Oh'! Vt hat has caused the great commotion, motion, motio.,
The country tturo-gh ;
For all the world has come round
For Tippecranoe and Tyler LC.'."
By Jou- W. Symi-. The Editor of the Princeton Whig:
Honor to him who called the Baitimore Convention, and to
those who obeyed the call.
By EPES Ssrto 'T. The Relmorters of Washington : But
for whom it might be said of members of Congress as of the
heroes before Agamemnon, "they had no poet and they died."
By G. B. HAYDEN, of Alabama. The "General Ticket :"
A I. ... .1:, .1 word, whose sharpest edge shall yet recoil upon
the I,, .i-. 1 I.ia false fabricators.
By Mr. BAntuKEiR, of Mob;le. The North and the South:
One and indivisible in feeling and interest.
By Mr. Ann. The alcohol of the Press: A tithe of its
purified spirit necessary stimulus to an administration. May
they avoid the folly of total abstinence.
By R. E. Hoan.os, of the Princeton Whig, N. J. May
the Whig Press of the Union always be "willing to praise,
but not afraid to blame."
By ISAAC M-yrnoE. The present Cabinet: Made up by
a master workman of the best mIaterials.
3By J. PRsETISS. The Whig Press: As it has contributed
to aid the efforts of statesmen anid patriots in discharging
from public confidence men deemed unworthy by a vast ma-
jority of the People-let it ever be united in the support of
the new Administration, so long as the text book is adhered to.
By W. M. BLACKFORD, Editor of the Fredericksburg
Arena. The Press :
We lift, on bighi thli warning vo',
When public ills prevail ;
Ours is the writing on the wall,
That turns the tyrant t.ale."
By N. PoE. The Virginia Press : Not excelled by the
Press of any other State, in ability, fidelity, or chivalry.
By Jositt T. ADAMS, of Boston. The Political Press:
Entitled to the favor and confidence of the Government and
People, in exact proportion to its undeviating support of good
principles, good men, and good measures.
By TuoMAs ALLEN. An agreeable sign of an early spring:
The migration of the'Martin to the North in March.
By Col. STONE. The members of our Profession: The
first in requisition in the hour of trouble, the first forgotten
in the hour of triumph.
By ERASTrs Btooxs. An unshackled Press: The con-
trolling mind of a free and independent People.
By JomN L. CAREY, of the Baltimore American. The inde-
pendence of the Press: 'The Press must represent principles
and sentiments which exist in thoe community; its true nlode-
pendlence consists in representing and enforcing such only as
are true and good.
True Republican Democracy: With the principles of
Christianity at its root, may it grow until all the nations of
the earth repose under its shadow.
General Harrison: In extricating himself from a press, let
him not create a solitude.
Mr. Allen, of the Madisonian: A gentleman of fine mind,
pure principles, and fine scholarship.
By TioMAs ALiEn. The Inauguration of President
Harrison: An effect of the powers and labors of the Whig
and Conservative Press of the country.
By A. B. CHAtaenas, of the Missouri Republican. The
Whig Presses: Whilst they herald forth wholesome, moral,
and political principles, may they always select, and only
support, honest and competent mon to carry out their mea.
open that door a I t'l wider, to increase the limits of the
Western range, to extinid the field for a new commerce, t. i
ward off foreign interference on our borders, are reasons LI
favor of the uquisition of the Californias.
The preceding great satesmn.n of America acquired, by
rgotiation and purchase, Loui-iana from France, and'Florida
from Spain. Thus, by a wise and prudent foresight, we
were relieved from foreign iit,,rfererce, protected from savage
ag,,ressioni, and the whole Atlantic coast secured under our
laws to the uninterrupted commerce of our citizens fom the
Canadian Itr, the Texian boundary, in the Gulf of Mexico.
Thus are our possessions ott the Aillautic shore rendered con-
tinuous, perttct, and secure.
At th tia o of these purchases the acquis tions were disap-
proved, and even druided, by many. Who d des so now v
National policy deeuands that the possessions of the Ame-
rican Union shoiould be made as cuntiuete on the shoes of the
Pacific. as they now are on the slhores-of the A'lantic; and
this cn only be done by the acquisition of the peninsula of
California anI of all the territory north of Texas. Then
would the territorial possessions of the Union extend in very
uniform width across to the Pacific ocean, and the whole ol
the coasts and harbors from St. Lucas, on the Cape of Cali-
foinia, to the 1 ne of the British possessions north of the Ore-
son river, bte i'.hin thejurisdiction of the United States. The
British possessions would then bound the United States in a
line on the nordlt and across the continent. The Texian line
would in like manner form the southern boundary of the
States from the Gulf of Mexico to the Gulf of California, to
a Ioint below tlhe mouth of thi great Colorado.
Events now occurring in the East are likely to open a more
extended commerce than the world ever saw, and American
stateosmen should be prepared to secure a just share of its be-
nefits to the Union; and much of that commerce should be
carried on straight across the Pacific to the Western shores of
America, and thence inland.
The trade from China and tLe East Itndies with the valley
of the Mississippi would then as naturally flow from the West
as the triloe Hfom Europe now dues from the Eat. Computing
time by the present regulated rate of travel by the improved
modes if conveyance by land and water, Cincinnati, Louis-
ville, and St. Louis are only three weeks apart from China by
a direct western route.
Shall we, then, continue to circumnavigate the globe and
expend four and five months in importing those goods which
might be delivered into the very heart of the Union in so short
a time '1
What shall be the mode, and when the time, of acquiring
this possession, alike due to the political power, the commer-
cial greatness, and the future peace of the United S!atesI
Conquest, or treaty t The former is abandoned to past bar-
barsim,, and on no occasion can it be justified but by extreme
necessity. We therefore renounce all idea of conquest.
The Government of Mexico is inadequate to maintain her
sway over distant proinoces. She has suffered Texas to be-
come an independent nation. The position which Texas now
occupies cuts off Upper California and threatens the peninsu-
la, but as yet she is too young to strike.
Russia and Entvland are now otherwise engaged. Will the
United S'ates suffer to pass without one effort an opportunity
for purchase, which, if once lost, may possibly throw her hack
a century in commerce, aid involve her in a few years in a
doubtful war, not with Mexico alone, but with Mexico, Rus-
sia, and England 1
The dearest peaceful purchase is moreeconomical than the
cheapest war. England, Russia, and Texas, all evince a de-
sire tooccupy the coasis of the Pacific, hut neither now per-
mamently possesses them. The infancy of Texas and the pre-
sent diversion ofthe European Powers afford anopportunity
which may never again occur.
Great will be the responsibility of those statesmen who ne-
glect an occasion of acquiring for the nation a possession ne-
cessary to her future prosperity hby means lawful, peaceful,
and cheap, to be perhaps procured in aftertimea by violence,
blood, and wasteful expenditure.
That Texas will operate powerfully upon the destinies of
Mexico there can be no doubt, and it will be well to see that
she acts not prejudicially to our interest whilst seeking that
of her own.
It is not as a distant possession, a mere victualling place for
ships, that California is desirable, but as a part of this groat
Republic, which will soon extend from ocean to ocean-a part
ns necessary to its future greatness, permanence, and peace, as
Flwil AAd 9Oiriatt r00e 0now to lOpit p yei, Q, F,
1 Presents -O -U 0u
In the month of March, 1835, Mr. BaRRY was appointed
Minister to succeed Mr. VAN Ness, and, as before stated,
died on his way to the mission. His representatives drew
from the Treasury for his outfit $9,003, return allowance
$2,250, and salary and other charges, the entire sum of
MAr. EATIN was appointed to the same mission in the
spring of 1836, and up to the 21st of December, 1836, when
he reached Cadiz, was entitled to $14,162 for outfit and
salary. The Secretary of Legation is by law entitled to $2,000
The expenses as charged to this mission, and actually drawn
from the Treasury, from the 231 September, 1829, till 21st
December, 1836, being about six years and three months, are
as follow. :
Mr. Van 'Ness $9 - 8,608 31
Mr. Parry 14,5141 75
Mr. Eaton 14,162 00
Secretary of Legation 11,500 00
Reerectfully, R. HAWES.
THE NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW
Is published quarterly at
13- YWasntsngton street, Boston.
PRICE, FiVE DOLLARS A YEAR.
Late of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania,
A. J. DUIRBORAW,
ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW, PITTSBURG, PENN.
sept 12-eply____ _____
71 OR SALIE-A HIGHLY IMPROVED FARM, IN THE
F OKRESt Or PRINCE GEORGE.-This Farm contain-
409 acres, nearly one-h.lf of which ig in heavy forest wood. It
is supplied, at all seasons, with an abundance of water from never-
failing springs and living branches, and ihas on it the greatest va-
riety of choice fruit. The improvements are a large and comfort-
able establishment for an oveiseer, 2 large quarters for servants,
corn house and siabling, granary, cow. house, and 5 large tobacco-
houses. This farm may be purchased at private sale any time be-
tween this and the 18th day of March next, by personal applica-
lion to the subscriber. If not sold before that day, (of which due
notice will be given,) it will he offered at 12 o'clock on that day
at public auction, together with a variety of stock, consisting of
horses, cattle, (among them some fine work oxen,) sheep, and
hogs, farming utensils, &c.
The terms of sale for the farm will be, onec-fiiti of the purchase-
moneyin cash, the balance in three equal annual instalnents, with
interest from the day of sale. For the personal property six
months' credit will be given for all sums over 820, secured by
notes with two approved endorsers ; all tinder $20 to be cash.
From the location of this farm, being situated immediately be.
tween the estate of the late Governor Kent and my own residence,
(Northampton,) in a district of country not excelled in fertility of
soil by any in the State, and surrounded by an excellent neigh-
borhood, it would become a most desirable residence to the par-
chaser. SAMUEL SPRIGG,
feb 5-ocpts near Bladensburg, Prince George's co. Md.
t The Baltimnore Patriot will please insert the above in coun-
try paper, and charge this office.
N OTICE.-The subscriber, residing in an agreeable and
l healthy neighborhood in the upper part of Essex county,
Virginia, wishes to employ immediately a lady qualified to teachd,
the English and French languages and musicon the piano, to take
charge of a small school in his family.
All post paid communications addressed to the subscriber, con-
taining testimonials of character, qualifications, and terms, will be
promptly attended to.
Address Loretto post office, Essex county, Va.
febh 13-cp2aw4w "WILLIAM GRAY.
A TlICACHIlR WANTED.-To a gentleman who pos-
aesses a thorough knowledge of the English language, and
of decent classical attainments, a desirable situation is now pre-
sented. The subscriber is authorized to say that a salary of $400
will be given to a gentleman who can come well recommended as
a teacher, and whose moral character is above the shafts of envy
Letters addressed through the post office at Pomonkey,(postage
paid,) will meet with prompt attention, by T
U 2 9-7tcp 1PoiOckey, QW0l60 ge1ty1 Md,
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
WVAsHINGTON, MARCH 8, 1841.
Information has been received at this Depart-
ment from the Uaited States Consul at I.,guiy-
ra that, by decree of the President of Vcriezuela,
dated 9th of January, 1841, permission is granted
for the free admission, or without payment of du-
ties, of the following articles into the port of La-
gnayra, viz. Indian corn, beans, rice, and other
edible vegetables-the permission to continue for
eight months from date of said decree.
U. S. ScnooNER FLIRT, AT KEY BsiSCrANE,
Sm: With the entire disposable force of this expedition,
consisting of ninely seamen from the barges Otsego, Wave,
and this vessel, and sixty marines, I started on the night of
the 31st of December to penetrate the Everglades, in co-ope-
ration with Col. Harney, of dragoons, with one hundred
troops. The leading object of the expedition was to surprise
the town ofAbiaka or Sam Jones. Our movement being by
night, was necessarily slow, the nature ofthe country through
which we passed interposing obstacles almost insurmount-
able. At midnight of the 21 instant we reached the camp of
Chitti Tusienuggee, upon an island on the borders of the
Everglades, situate midway between Little and New rivers.
This camp was the advance of Abiaka's towns, and had been
abandoned apparently ten days or a fortnight. On the 3.1
instant the detachment from the Otsego was sent, in com-
pany with six artillery boats, to examine a neighboring island
bearing east distant four miles, and returned that night, having
found the recent signs oftwo peopl-. WVe remained at Chit-
to's camp utitil noon of the 4ih, when we moved upon Abia-
ka's town. This was found to have been abandoned at
about the same period as CGiitto's. The principal town was
situate upon the largest ofa group of seven islands, due west,
and distant two miles from Pine island, around which the
waters of the Everglades pass immediately into Ntw river;
each land of the group had been inhabited and planted, and,
from the extent of the clharings, and number of wigwams
left, their population could not have been less than six hun-
dred. The pumpkin and lima bean were ths chief culture
ofthese islands, indeed of all those we visited in the Ever-
glades. Early on the 4th we started for Pine island, where,
having discovered no indications of a more recent presence of
the Iodians, the expedition returned to Abiaka's camp, when
it was determined to start early on the mnornirng of the 6th to
cross the Everglades of the west coast, with the hobe of find-
ing the Spanish Indiar.s Ihere embodied at Osasi's, or the
Fortune Toieller's island. This was accordingly done; and,
whilst examining a small island on our route upon which the
Indians were in the habit of hiding their coonitte, a boat with
two persons in it was discovered, and as immediately disap-
peared. Pursuit was ordered by all the boats, in hopes ofin-
trftceplrig it at some one of the thousand channels through
which it might escape. After a fruitless hunt, the boats
were recalled; when, at the request ofCol. Harney, I started
with eleven bo.its that had returned, consisting of two from this
vessel, six marine boats, and three from lhe artillery, to pur-
sue in the direction of a neighboring islanit, with the hope of
finding them upon it. In this we were disappoinitd, but met
four boats retreating from it, which were taken, but not un-
til three of tho men in them had been killed, and a fourth
wounded l the rest of the people then abandoned them, and
secreted themselves in the grass. A private of artillery was
slightly wounded in this skirmibs. Whil-t hunting these,
who lay concealed in the tall saw grass, a fifth boat was dis-
covered, but so far ia advance thatLit it affected its escape, it
being impossible to overtake it and score those already
around ut. In the mean time, Col. IHarney come up with
the remaining boats, and. although the entire f.iet of tlii
hundred andffty niy n was thrown out to hunt ltete si, v-n
people, two of them were not found unlil the next day, when
they were taken by a detachment under Lieutenants Sloan
of marines anid Ord ofartllery-but not until the man had
fired twice, wounding private Smith of marines and Sergeant
Sayers of artillery, the latter mortally. This Indian, Chial
by name, was known to be a celebrated guide throughout the
Territory, anid orders had been given to take him alive.
Upon his assurance that Abiaka was to be found on the edge
of-the Cypress, north of New river, with one hundred men,
prepared and determined to fight if invaded there, the expe-
dition retraced its steps, t> hunt him our, and encamped at
Abiaka's town on tbe night of the 8th. In tho afternoon of
the 9th we were again in motion, and at midnight reached
Fort Lauderdale, on New river, where were deposited the
wounded and the prisoners, arid two days' rest given to the
forest, from its unceasisng labor at the oars.
On night of the lth, the expedition moved again, and at
daylight on the 12th had reached the pini where it was sup-
posed Abiaka was posted. A 'Fer a fruiltleFs hunt along the
Cypress for ten or twelve miles, satisfied t hat he was not
there, but had fled to his last retreat near Lake Okechohbee,
GCl. Harnity determined to return to this past ; and having
furnished me vwith his guides, I resumed with my force the
course across the Everglades, and reached, that night, Abia-
I canu t take leave of Col. Harney, without expressing to
the Department the gratification I derived from the perfect
harmony with which the two services blended on this occa-
sioun, i, r '.._ an arduous and fatiguing expedlitioin, r, qui.ing
front .-fl..'. antd men every character of exposure and priva-
tion. The movements of tin combined force were conduct-
ed exclusively by Col. Harney, in a manner so judicious aa
to ensure to him, in the highest degree, the confidence and
respect of the entire expedition ; whilst the associsalions eftbe
officers of the two services had the effect to increase those
refined feelings of respect and good-wtil, so conducive to the
interests of both, and which should be cultivated with so ase-
,ulous a care.
Before day on the 13th, we moved for the town of Onasi,
the fortune teller, and having passed two small islands, en-
camped at night at Council Island, whereon the Indians, from
all sides of the Everglades, assemble for consultati n. It bears
from Abiaka's camp WV. S. W. distant ten miles. There
were no recent indications of Indians having been here. On
tlhe 14th at noon, having passed seven small islands, we got
an observation for latitude i 26 deg. N. at an abandoned
field of the Seminole Indians, and reached that night Alliga-
tor Island, 1 hearing from Council Island W. by S. distant 20
miles, having passed two small keys, the most westerly of
which is the beacon foir crossing the glades, having upon it a
solitary cabbage tree, which is seen for ten miles around over
the fields of grass. Here Lieutenant Commandant Rogers,
of the Wave, commanding the advance with bis boats, dis-
covered a canoe, which he speedily captured, having killed
the Indian who guided it, hie refusing to surrender. This
proved to be the boat that had escaped on the 6th inst. and
contained, besides the man, a woman and two children. On
ihe 15 h, early in the afternoon, we reached Onasi's camp. in
latitude observed 26 deg. 3 min. distant ten miles from Ali-
gator's Island, having passed, on our route, seven small is-
lands. This we found deserted, as had been all the others,
for some weeks, nor did we afterwards discover any signs of
the Indians in the Everglades. On the5 165h our course was
about S. E. by S. distance nineteen miles. On the 17'h, S.
one-half W. twenty miles, through clusters of small islands,
which we examined, and found to have been cultivated at one
time hy the Indians, but now universally abandoned. The
towns of Chakika's people were visited, and were found
tenanted only by the skeletons of these upon whom justice
had been executed by Col. Harney. On the 18th, steering
S. S. W. we entered Harney's liver, distant from Iheelast en-
campment len miles, and encamped for the night on its banks,
attout twelve miles from its source. The real niorr.inmn, the
19,h, descended this beautiful river about i Ise nulls, and
reached the ocean onthe western ei.-si r.fFiomuda, inlatibt,le
25 deg. 19 min. N. This river (mi t.e, intl'it,.ea tine tiles
south of Key McLaughlin, and is naviil-,.l 1. t .1m.ll class
steamboats nearly to its source. Rogera's river also enters
the Everglades at the south end of Key McLaughlin, but is
not so broad or derp as this.
The WVave and Otsego were found on their respective
cruising grounds, at Capes Romano and Sable, and having
taken on board their officers and crews, resumed their duty
on the coast, whilst the marines and crews of this vessel and
the barges continued across the bay to Indian Key.
Although the Indian loss in this expedition has liren tri-
fling, the results accomplished are of the first importance. The
Everglades have been crossed at a second point, a good guide
obtained, every hamlet and field in them explored, and a
knowledge of them gained which renders them hereafter a
must insecure abiding place fair the Indians.
Respectfully. sir, I have the honor to be,
C Lt. Coni'g Ekpedri in.
The Hon. J. K. PAsULDINU,
Secretary of the Navy.
P. S. A chart of our route is in course of peparaiinn, and
will be transmitted to the Department as soon as nemplsted.
J. J. MeL.
J. W. MlNztr!,S,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
He will attend to Land Olaims i ttn( Clleting Businss In tbh
Iurrwujdine gI)try, td#l -WIy
LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES.
LAWS OF A PUBLIC NATURE PASSED AT THE SECOND SESSION OF
TIHE TWENTY-SIXTH CONGRESS,.
AN ACT making appropriations, in part, for the support
of Government for the year eighteen hundred and forty-
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of
the United States of America in Congress assembled, That
the following sums be, and the sameare hereby,appropriated,
to be paid out of any unappropriated money in the Treasu-
For piy andi mileage of members of Congress and dele-
gates, two hundred and fify thousand dollars.
For pay of the officers and clerks of the Senate and House
of Representatives, twenty. five thousand dollars.
For stationery, fuel, printing, and all other incidental and
contingent expenses of the Senate, twenty-five thousand
For stationery, fuel, printing, and all other incidental and
contingent expenses of the House of Representa.tives, one
hundred thousand dollars.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That a sum not exceed-
ing twelve thousand dollars be, and the same is hereby, ap-
propriated out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise
appropriated, for the payment of the sums due by law to the
several messengers of the respective States as compensation
for conveying to the Seat of Government the vote of the
electors of the said States for President and Vice President
of the United States.
R. M. T. HUNTER,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
RH. M. JOHNSON,
Vice President of the United States and
President of the Senate.
Approved, December 18, 1840.
M. VAN BUREN.
AN ACT supplementary to an act to abolish imprisonment
for debt in certain cases.
Be it enacted, +-c. That the act entitled An act to abol-
ish imprisonment for debt in certain eases," approved Febru-
ary twenty-eight, eighteen hun,'red and thirty-nine, shall be
so construed as to abolish imprisonment for debt on pro-
cess issuing out of any court of the United States, in all
cases whatever where, by the laws of the State in which the
said court shall be held, imprisonment for debt has been, or
shall hereafter be, abolished.
Approved, January 14, 1841.
AN ACT further to amend the act entitled "An act to pro-
%ide for taking the sixth census or enumeration of the in-
habitants of the United States," approved March third,
eighteen hundred and thirty-nine.
Be it enacted, 4(-c., That it shall and may be lawful for
euch of the assistants to the marshals, in the respective States
and Territories, who have not, before the passage of this act,
made their respective returns to such marshals under the act
hereby amended, to complete their enumerations and make
their returns, under the said act, at any time before the first
day of M.y, eighteen hundred and forty-one, and for the
marshals of such States and Territories to make their returns
ta the Secretary of State at any time before the first of June,
eighteen hundred and forty-one: Provided, That nothing
herein contained shall be deemed to release such marshals
and assistants from the penalties contained in the act afore-
said, unless their returns shall be made within the time
prescribed in this act: And provided further, That no per-
son be included in the returns made under the present act,
unless such persons shall have been inhabitants of the dis-
trict for which such returns shall be made, on the first day
of June, one thousand eight hundred and forty.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That so much of the
eleventh section of the act for taking the sixth census as applies
to the printing, under the direction of the Secretary of State,
of the aggregate returns received from the marshals, be so
construed as to apply equally to the census of pensioners, and
the statistical aggregates returned by said marshals : And be it
further provided, That for arranging and preparing the cen-
sous of pensioners required by the thirteenth section of the
act for taking the sixth census and for compiling and su-
pervision of the printing of the statistical returns taken under
said act, there be allowed to the superintending clerk, upon
the completion of the work, such compensation as the Secre-
tary of State may deem just and equitable, not exceeding
the rate heretofore allowed for compiling the statistics of the
third census; and that an allowance be made to the disburs-
ing agent of the Department of State for the extra duties
which have been or may be imposed upon him on account of
the sixth census, in relation to its preparatory measures, the
accounts of the marshals, and the disbursements, at a rate
not exceeding that allowed him for his services in relation to
the fifth census, according to the time he shall have been en-
gaged in such duties.
Approved, January 14, 1811.
AN ACT to authorize the issuing of Treasury notes.
Be itenacted, 4f-c. That the President of the United States
is hereby authorized to cause Treasury notes to be issued for
such sum or sums as the exigencies of the Government may
require; but not exceeding the sum of five millions of dol-
lars of this emission, outstanding at any one time, to be reim-
bursed in the last quarters of the year, if the condition of the
Treasury will permit it, and to be issued under the limitations
and other provisions contained in the act entitled An act to
authorize the issuing of Treasury notes," approved the twelfth
day of October, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven,
and as modified by an act entitled "An act additional to the
act on the subject of Treasury notes," approved the thirty-
first (lay of March, one thousand eight hundred and firty, ex-
cept that this law shall expire in one year from and after its
passage: Provided, That in case the Treasury notes out-
standing and unredeemed, issued under former laws of Con-
gress, added to the amount of such notes issued under this
act, and actually expended or issued to meet payments due
and payable before the tbfourth day of March next, shall, on the
fourth day of March next, exceed the sum of five millions of
dollars, then the President of the United States shall be, and
heis hereby, authorized to issue, by virtue of the provisions
of this act, Such further amount of the said notes as will make
the whole amount issued under this act, and applicable to the
payments falling due after the third day of March next, the
fall sum of five millions ofdollars.
Approved, February 15, 1841.
AN ACT making appropriations for the payment of Rev-
olutionary and other pensioners of the United States for
the year eighteen hundred and forty-one, and fur other
Be it enacted, cpa. That the following sums be, and the
same are hereby, appropriated, in addition to former appro-
priations, to be pait out of any money in the Tlc, ui ii,-1
otherwise appropriated, for the pensioners of itI,- Li.,i .1
States for the year one thousand eight hundred and for-
For the Revolutionary pensioners under the act of the
eighteenth March, one thousand eight hundred and eighteen,
three hundred and fourteen thousand dollars.
For payment of invalid pensions, one hundred and seven
For pensions to widows and orphans under the act of the
fourth of July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-six,
four hundred and forty-eight thousand twa hundred and forty-
For five years' pensions to widows under the act of the
es,,.nlh af July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-
ei-hi, one hundrdil and sixty-eight thousand three hundred
an I t'i.orieen dollars.
For half-pay pensions, payable through the offices of the
Second and Third Auiitors, five thousand dollars.
For arrearages, payable through the Second Auditor's of-
fice, six hundred dollars.
For arrearages, payable through the Third Auditor's office,
one thousand dollars.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That one hundred thou-
sand dollars be, anti the same is hereby, appropriated, to be ex-
peniled under the direction of the Secretary of War, for
the removal, subsistence, and benefit of such of the Sem-
inole Indian chiefs and warriors as may surrender for emi-
St.. 3. And be it further enacted, That no rifles or arms
of any kind shall be delivered to said Indians until they
reach the western boundary of the State of Arkansas.
Approved, February 18,1841.
AN ACT to amend an act entitled An act to authorize
the State of Tennessee to issue grants and perfect titles to
certain lands therein described, and to settle the claims to
the vacant and unappropriated lands within the same,"
passed the eighteenth day of April, one thousand eight
hundred and six.
Be it enacted, e-c. That the State of Tennessee be, and
hereby is, constituted the agent of the Government of the
United. states, with full power and authority to sell andt dis.
pose of the vacant, unappropriated, and refuse lands, within
the limits of said State, lying south and west of the line com-
monly called the Cirigressional Reservation line, and descri-
bed in the act to which this is an amendment; subject, never-
theless, to the following conditions and limitations, to wit:
Fjrst. The State ,f tennessee shall satisfy all legal and
bo is file claims of North Carolina upon said lands, by mak-
ing provision, by law, that the holders of land warrants un-
der the authority of the State of North Carolina may locate
the same upon the lands not previously located upon, or claim-
ed as occupant pre-emptions, within one year from the time
that the State of Tennessee shall make provision for carrying
this act into effect ; and indefault of such location within
the said term of one year, the said warrants may be satisfied
by the payment of twelve and a half cents per acre for the
number of acres contained in each warrant, to be paid out of
the proceeds of the sale of said land: Provided, The holders
shall present such vi arrant to the proper authorities for the
payment of the same within two years from the action of the
Legislature of the State of Tennessee hereon: And provided,
furthermore, That if the said warrants shall not be satisfied,
el her by the location of land within one year, or their pre-
#entatiia for ,lyrnrtil within two years, as aforesaid, the
holders shall be forever barred of all further claim or right to
demand the same.
Second. In entering, purchasing, and disposing of said lands,
or obtaining grants of the same, all and every person or per-
sons, the legal representative of such person or persons, and
the rightful assignee of such person or persons, as are enti-
tled to the right of occupancy and pre-rmption, according to
the laws of the State of Tennessee, shall have the preference
in the entry or purchase of their occupant and pre-emption
rights, at the price of twelve and a half cents per acre, not
exceeding two hundred acres each.
Third. After satisfying the claims and rights aforesaid, the
State of Tennessee shall offer for sale the rest and residue of
said lands, in such manner, in such quantities, and by such
description, as may he most convenient; and for the full term
of three years from and after the time herein allowed for the
location of North Carolina land warrants, may sell and dis-
pose ot, and perfect titles to the same, at a price not less than
twelve and a half cents per acre. And so much of the said
land as may remain unsold at the expiration of the said term
of three years shall be disposed of as aforesaid, within the
further term of three years, at such price per acre as it may
bring in open market: Provided, That the proceeds of the
sale of said lands, over and above so much thereof as shall
be necessary to the satisfaction of said North Carolina claims,
shall be accounted for and paid over by the State of Tennes-
see to the United States in the month of January annually.
Approved, February 18, 1841.
AN ACT to make further provision tor the expense of an
exploration and survey of that part of the Northeastern
boundary line of the United States which separates the
States of Maine and New Hampshire from the British Pro-
Be it enacted, ,f-c. That the sum of seventy-five thousand
dollar, in addition to the sum heretofore provided, be, and
the same is hereby, appropriated out of any money in the
Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to enable the Prcsident
oft the United States to cause to be made and completed an
explora,,tion and survey of that part of the Northeastern boun-
dary lineof the United Stales and the adjacent country, which
separates the States of Maine and New Hampshire from the
Approved, February 27, 1841.
AN ACT to confirm to the State of Indiana the land select-
ed by her for that portion of the Wabash and Erie canal
which lies between the month of the Tippecanoe river and
Terre Haute, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted, .-c. That there bie, and there hereby is, con-
firmed to the State of Indiana the land selected by her, un-
der the provisions of the act of second March, eighteen hun-
dred and twenty-seven, entitled An act to grant a certain
quantity of land to the State of Indiana, fur the purpose of
aiding the State in opening a canal to connect the waters of
the Wabash with those of Lake Erie," for that portion of
the canal between the mouth of the Tippecanoe river arind
Terre Haute, as returned hby said State to the Secretary of the
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That, should any of said
lands, at the time of their selection and location by the State,
have been subject to any right of pre-emption, or other legal
incumbrance, the State of Indiana shall be, and she hereby
is, authorized to select, of any lands subject to private entry
in said State, oth, r lands in lieu of so iauah thereof as may
be so incumbered, and, upon return of a description of the
same to the Secretary of the Treasury, the same shall be, and
hereby is, confirmed to the State: Provided, That no more
land shall be selected, or hereby confirmed, than a quantity
equal to one-half of five sections in width on each side of
said canal, from the mouth of the Tippecanoe river to Terre
Approved, February 27, 1841.
AN ACT further to continue in force the act for the pay-
ment of horses and other property lost in the military ser-
vice of the United States.
Be it enacted, tf-c. That the act entitled An act to provide
for the payment of horses and other property lost or destroyed
in the military service of the United States," approved on the
eighteenth day of January, eighteen hundred and thirty-se-
ven, and which was continued in force for two years from the
end of the second session of the twenty-fiftih Congress, by an
act entitled An act to continue in force the act for the pay-
ment of horses and other property lost in the military service,"
approved on the seventh of July, eighteen hundred and thir-
ty-eight, be, and the same is hereby, further continued in
force for two years from the end of the present session of Con-
Approved, February 27,1841.
AN ACT making appropriations for the civil and diploma-
tic expenses of the Government for the year eighteen hun-
dred and forty-one.
Be it enacted, 4-c. That the following sums be, and the
same are hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of any unappro-
priated money in the Treasury, viz.
For pay and mileage of the members of Congress and del-
egates, one hundred and eleven thousand four hundred and
For pay of officers and clerks of the Senate and House of
Representatives, nineteen thousand nine hundred dollars.
For stationery, fuel, printing, and all other contingent ex-
penses of the Senate, thirty-five thousand dollars.
* For stationery, fuel, printing, and all other contingent ex-
penses of the House of Representatives, fifteen thousand dol-
lars; the two sums last mentioned to be applied to the pay-
ment of the ordinary expenditures of the Senate atid House
of Representatives severally, and to no other purpose. An-I
the accounting officers of the Treasury Department are here-
by directed, in the settlement of the accounts of the contin-
gent expenses of the Senate and House of Representatives, to
credit the payment made in pursuance r'f the resolutions of
the Senate of the eighteenth of July, eighteen hundred and
forty, and the resolution of the House of Representatives of
the twenty-first of July, eighteen hundred and forty ; and no-
thing herein contained shall be construed to authorizeor sane-
tion any contract for stationery or other articles for the use
of the next Congress by any officer of the present Congress to
an amount exceeding in the whole two thousand dollars.
For compensation to the Piesidlent and Vice President of
the United States, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the
Treasury, the Secretary of War, the Secretary of the Navy,
and the Postmaster General, sixty thousand dollars.
For salary of the secretary to sign patents for public lands,
per act of July fourth, eighteen hundred and thirty-six, fif-
teen hundred dollars.
For clerks and messengers in the office of Secretary of
State, twenty-three thousand dollars.
For the contingent expenses of the Department of State,
including publishing and distributing the laws, twenty-five
For compiling, printing, &c. the Biennial Register, one
For the superintendent and watchmen ef the northeast ex-
ecutive building, one thousand five hundred dollars.
For the contingent expenses of said building, including
fuel, labor, oil, and repairs, three thousand three hundred and
For compensation to the clerks and messengers in the of-
fice of the Secretary of the Treasury, sixteen thousand four
hundred and fifty dollars.
For compensation to the clerks in said office, per act of the
twenty-third June, eighteen hundred and thirty-six, entitled
"Ai act to regulate tmedeposites of the public money," three
thousand and six hundred dollars.
For compensation to the First Comptroller of the Treasu-
ry, three thousand five hundred dollars.
For compensation to the clerks and messengers in the of-
fice of the First Comptroller, nineteen thousand three hun-
For compensation to the Second Comptroller, three thous-
For compensation to the clerks and messenger in the office
of the Second Comptroller, including the compensation of two
clerks transferred from the office of the Fourth Auditor,
twelve thousand two hundred and fifty dollars.
For compensation to the First Auditor of the Treasury,
three thousand dollars.
For compensation to the clerks and messengers in the office
of the First Auditor, fifteen thousand nine hundred dollars.
For compensation to the Second Auditor of the Treasury,
three thousand dollars.
For compensation to the clerks and messengers in the of-
fice of the Second Auditor, seventeen thousand nine hundred
For compensation to the Third Auditor, three thousand
For compensation to the clerks and messengers in the of-
fice of the Third Auditor, twenty-nine thousand six hundred
and fifty dollars.
For compensation to two clerks employed on claims, under
thie act of the eighteenth January, eighteen hundred and thir-
ty-seven, two thmoosaand four hundred dollars.
For compensation to the Fourth Auditor, three thousand
For compensation to the clerks and messengers in the of-
fice of the Fourth Audtitor, sixteen thousand nine hundred
andl fifty dollars.
Fur compensation to the Fifth Auditor, three thousand
For compensation to the clerks and messengers in the of-
fice of the Fifth Auditor, nine thousand eight hundred dollars.
Fur compensation to two clerks in the office of the Fifth
Auditor, according to the act of the seventh of July, eighteen
hundred and thirty-eight, two thousand dollars.
For compensation to the Treasurer of the United States,
three thousand dollars.
For compensation to the clerks and messengers in the of-
fice of the Treasurer of the United States, ten thousand se-
ven hundred and fifty dollars.
For compensation to the Register of the Treasury, three
For compensation to the clerks and messengers in the office
of the Register of the Treasury, twenty-four thousand two
For compensation of the Commissioner of the General
Land Office, per act of fourth of July, eighteen hundred and
thirty-six, three thousand dollars.
For compensation of the recorder, solicitor, draughtsman,
and assistant draughtsman, clerks, messengers, and packers,
in the office of the Commissioner of the General Iardl Qf-
fice, ninety-five thousand five hundred dollars,
Por compensation to the Solicitor of the Treasury, three
thousand five hundred dollars.
For compensation to the clerks and messenger in the office
of the Solicitor ofthe Treasury, three thousand nine hundred
and fifty dollars.
For transtilating foreign languages, and transmitting pass-
ports and sea letters, in the office of the Secretary of the Tiea-
sury, three hundred dollars.
Fer stating and printing the public accounts, including a de-
ficiency in former appropriations, eighteen hundred dollars.
For stationery, printing, and all other contingent expenses
of the Treasury Department, viz.
For the office of the First Comptroller, two thousand dollars.
For the office of the Second Coumptr l'er, fifteen hundred
For the offi-e of the First Auditor, one thousand dollars.
For the police of the Second Auditor, one thousand dollars.
For the office of the Third Auditot, one thousand dollars.
For the office of the Fourth Auditor, one thousand thivee
hundred and forty six dollars and forty-three cents.
For the office of the Fifth Auditor, one thousand dollars.
For the office of the Treasurer of the United States, two
For the office of the Register of the Treasury, three thou-
For the office of the Solicitor of the Treasury, ono. thou-
sand five hundred dollars.
For eighty-three thousand pieces of parchment andt print-
ing, books and stationery, advertising, and contingent ex-
penses of the General Land Office ; and for books and blanks
for the district land offices, twenty-four thousand six hun-
dred and seventy dollars.
For compensation of the superintendent and watchmen of
the southeast executive building, two thousand one hundred
For contingent expenses of the building occupied by the
Treasury, including fuel, labor, oil, carrying the department
mails, and sealing ships' registers, twelve thousand dollars.
For compensation to theclerks and messengers in the office
of the Secretary of War, including the mes-enter in the
Bounty Land bureau, and the clerkship under the a t of April
twentieth, eighteen hundred and eighteen, transferred back
from Pension office on the first of March, eighteen hundred
and forty, thirteen thousand one hundred and eighty-six dol-
lars and ten cents.
For contingent expenses of the office of the Secretary of
War, three thousand dollars.
For books, maps, and plans for the War Department, one
For cam sensation of extra clerks when employed in said
office, three thousand dollars.
For compensation of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs,
three thousand dollars.
For compensation of the clerks and messenger in the of-
fice of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, sixteen thou-
sand four huntlred dollars.
For contingent expenses ofsaid office, two thousand dollars.
For comiteusation of the Commissioner of Pensions, two
thousand five hundred dollars.
For compensation to clarks and messengers for the office
of the Commissioner of Pensions, authorized by the act of
ninth May, eighteen hundred atnd thirty-six, twelve thou-
sand four hundred dollars.
For compensation of clerks transferred from the office of
the Stcretary of War to the office of the Commissioner of
Pensions, two thousand seven hundred and ninety-three dol.
lars and forty cents.
For compensation of one clerk transferred from the Navy
Department, pfr act Match fourth, eighteen hundred antd
forty, sixteen hundred dollars.
For contingent expenses of said office, one thousand five
For compensation of clerk and messenger in the office of
the Comnmanding General, one thousand five hundred dollars.
For contingent expenses of said office, three hundred
For compensation to cleiks and messenger in the office of
the Adjutant General, seven thousand six hundred and fifty
For contingent expenses of said office, one thousand six
For compensation of clerks and messenger in the office of
the Qtuartermaster General, seven thousand three hundred
For contingent expenses ofsaid office, one thousand dollars.
For compensation to clerks and messenger in the office of
the Paymaster General, seven thousand one hundred dollars.
For contingent expenses of said office, eight hundred dollars.
For compensation of clerks and messenger in the office of
the Commissary General of Purchases, four thousand two
For contingent expenses ofsail office, eight hundred dollars.
For compensation of clerks and messenger in the office of
the Commissary General of Subsistence, four thousand three
For contingent expenses of said office, three thousand two
For compensation of clerks and messenger in the office of
the Chief Engineer,five thousand six hundred and fifty dollars.
For contingent expenses ofsaid office, one thousand five
For compensation to clerk and messenger in the office
of the Surgeon General, one thousand six hundred and fifty
For contingent expenses of said office, five hundred and
For compensation of a clerk, at one thousand dollars, utin-
dtier the act of April twenty, eighteen hundred and eighteen,
transferred from the office of the Secretary of War to the
said office of Surgeon General, one thousand dollars.
For compensation to clerks anid messenger in the Ordnance
office, eight thousand six hundred and fifty dollars.
For contingent expenses of said office, one thousand five
hundred and fifty dollars.
For compensation to clerks and messenger in the office of
Topographical Bureau, two thousand five hundred dollars.
For compensation of a clerk, at one thousand four hundred
dollars, transferred from the office of the Secretary of War
to the Pension office, to be transferred from that office on the
first of March, eighteen hundred and forty-one, one thou-
sand one hundred and seventy dollars and fifty cents.
For contingent expenses of said office, one thousand seven
hundred and thirty-five dollars.
For compensation of the superintendent axd watchmen of
the northwest executive builJinrg, two thousand two hundred
and fifty dollars.
For contingent expenses of said building, including rent of
Bounty Land office, for labor, fuel, oil, and repairs, and for
the contingencies of the fire-engines and apparatus, four
thousand seven hundred dollars.
For compensation of the clerks and me-sengers in the office
of the Secretary of the Navy, after deducting one clerk trans-
ferred to Pension office, per act of March four, eighteen hun-
dred and forty, at sixteen hundred dollars, eleven thousand
two hundred and fifty dollars.
For contingent expenses of said office, three thousand
For compensation of the Commissioners of the Navy
Board, ten thousand five hundred dollars.
For compensation of the Secretary of the Navy Board,
two thousand dollars.
For compensation to the clerks and messenger of the Navy
Board, eight thousand four hundred and fifty dollars.
For contingent expenses of said office, two thousand five
Fur salary of superintendent and watchmen of the south-
west executive building, one thousand two hundred and fifty
For contingent expenses of said building, including fuel,
labor, oil, repairs of building, engine, and improvements of
the grounds, three thousand three hundred and fifty dollars.
For compensation to three Assistant Postmasters General,
per act July three, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-six,
seven thousand five hundred dollars.
For compensation to clerks and messengers in the General
Post Office, forty-eight thousand six hundred dollars.
For salaries of two watchmen, six hundred dollars.
For topographer and additional clerks in said office, per
acts March three, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-
nine, and May eight, one thousand eight hundred and forty,
and a clerk to keep the appropriation account, eleven thousand
six hundred dollars.
For contingent expenses of said office, including fuel for
the Auditor's office, and four thousand dollars for rent of
building occupied by the Department, ten thousand five hun-
For compensation to the Auditor of the Post Office, three
For compensation to clerks and messengers in said office,
fifty-five thousand five hundred dollars.
For eleven additional clerks in said office, per act of July
seven, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight, thirteen
thousand two hundred dollars.
For contingent expenses of said office, including the ex-
pense of quarterly books, stationery, printing, and pay of la-
borers, four thousand seven hundred dollars.
For compensation of the Surveyor General northwest of
the Ohio, two thousand dollars.
For compensation to clerks in his office, per act of ninth of
May, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-six, six thousand
three hundred dollars.
For c ,mpensation ofthe Surveyor General of Illinois and
Missouri, two thousand dollars.
For compensation to clerks in his office, per act of ninth of
May, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-six, three thou-
sandl eight hundred and twenty dollars.
For compensation to the Surveyor General of Arkansas,
two thousand dollrirs.
For compensation to his clerks, per act of ninth of May, one
thousand eight hundred and thirty-six, two thousand eight
For compensation of the Surveyor General of Louisiana,
two thousand dollars.
For compensation to his clerks, peract of ninth of May, one
thousand eight hundred and thirty six, two thousand five
For compensation to the Surveyor General of Mississippi,
two thousand dollars.
For compensation to his clerks, per act of ninth of May,
one thousand eight hundred and thirty-six, one thousand
For compensation to the Surveyor General of Alabama,
two thousand dollars.
For compensation to his cleeks, per'act of ninth of May, one
thousand eight hundred and thirty-six, two thousand two
For compensation to the Surveyor General of Florida, two
For compensation to his clerk, per act of ninth of May,
one thousand eight hundred anid thirty-six, five hundred
For compensation of the Surveyor General of Wiskon-
san and Iowa, per act of June twelve, one thousand eight
hundred and thirty-eight, one thousand five hundred dollars.
For compensation to his clerks, per act ofJune twelve, one
thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight, one thousand six
Fur extra clerks andi draughtsmeo in the offices of the Sur-
veyors General, in addition to the unexpended balances of
foriner appropriations, to be apportioned to them according
to the exigencies of the public service, seven thousand two
For extra clerks in the offices ofthe Surveyors General to
transcribe field notes of survey, for the purpose of preserving
them at the seat of Govermnent, in addition to the unexpend-
ed balances of former appropriations, viz.
Office of the Surveyor General northwest of the Ohio, four
thousand five hundred dollars.
Office of the Surveyor General of Illinois and Missouri,
three thousand dollars.
Office of the Surveyor General of Arkansas, one thousand
five hundred dollars.
Office of the Surveyor General of Louisiana, one thousand
For compensation to the Commissioner of Public Build-
ings in Washington, per act of the twenty-first of July, one
thousand eight hundred and forty, three thousand dollars.
For compensation to Commissioner, from the twenty-first
July to the thirty-first December, one thousand eight hun-
dred and forty, three hundred and twelve dollars.
Far compensation to two assistants to the Commissioner,
as superintendent of.the Potomrnac bridge, at one dollar and
fifty cents per day, including oil for lamps, fuel, and repairs,
thirty-one thousand three hundred and sixty dollars. So
much oftimis sum as may be applied for repairs shall be ap-
plied under the direction of the Secretary of War.
Fur compensation to the officers and clerks of the Mint,
eighteen thousand nine hundred dollars.
For pay of laborers in the various departments of the Mint,
twenty-four thousand dollars,.
For incidental and contingent expenses, including the
wastage of goldl and silver, fuel, materials, stationery, water-
rent, and taxes, in addition to the unexpended balance of the
appropriation of eighteen hundred and forty, eight hundred
For specimens tof ores and coins to be reserved at the Mint,
one thousand dollars.
For compensation to the officers and clerk of the branch
mint at Chirlotte, North Carolina, six thousand dollars.
For pay o laborers in the various departments of the same,
three thousand five hundred dollars.
For wastageof goll., anl for contingent expenses of the
same, two thousand five hundred dollars.
Fur compsnsatrn to the officers and clerk of the branch
mint at Dahlonega, Georgia, six thousand dollars.
For the payment of laborers in the various departments of
the same, two thousanA eight hundred and eighty dollars.
For wastage of gold, and for contingent expenses of the
same, one thousand dollars.
For compensation to thc officers and clerks of the branch
mint at New Orleans, twelve thousand nine hundred dollars.
For pay of laborers in the various departments of the same,
twenty-two thousand dollars.
For wavtage of gold and silver, and for contingent expenses
of the same, seventeen thousand ne hundred dollars.
For compensation of thie Governor, Judges, and Secretary
of Wiskonsan Territory, nine thousand one hundred dollars.
For contingent expenses of the said Territory, three hun-
dred and fifty dollars.
For pay and mileage of the member; of the Legislative As-
sembly, pay of officers, printing, furnitu:e, stationery, fuel, and
all incidental expenses, twenty thousand dollars.
For compensation to the Governor, Judges, andl Secretary
of the Territory of Iowa, nine thousand one hundred dollars.
For contingent expenses of said Territory, rhree hundred
and fifty dollars.
For pay and mileage to the Legislative Assembly, pay of
officers, printing, stationery, fuel, and Olf other incidental ex-
penses, twenty thousand one hundred and seventy-five
For compensation of the Governor, Judges, and Secretary
of the Territory of Florida, thirteen thousand five hundred
For contingent expense of said Territory, three hundred
and fifty dollars.
For pay and mileage of the members of the Legislative
Council of said Territory, pay to the officers of the Council,
printing, furniture, rent, stationery, fuel, and all other inci-
dental expenses, twenty-seven thousand one hundred and
For compensation of the Chief Justice, the Associate
Judges, and District Judges of the United.States, ninety-three
thousand nine hundred dollars.
For compensation ofthe Chief Justice and Associate Judges
of the District of Clumbia, and uf the Judges of the Criminal
and Orphans' Courts of said District, twelve thousand seven
For carrying into effect the provisions of the act approved
on the second of February instant, Making temporary pro-
visiin for lunatics in the District of Columbia," three thou-
For compensation of the Attorney General of the United
States, four thousand dollars.
For compensation of clerk and messenger in the office of
the Attorney General, one thousand five hundred dollars.
For contingent expenses of said office, five hundred
For compensation to the reporter of decisions of the Su-
preme Court, one thousand dollars.
For compensation to the District Attorneys and Marshals
including those in the several Territories, fourteen thousand
four hundred and fifty dollars.
For defraying the expenses of the Supreme, Circuit, and
District Courts of the United States, including the District
of Columbia; also for jurors and witnesses, in aid of the
funds arising from fines, penalties, and forfeitures incurred
in the year ei-ehtesn hundred and forty-one and preceding
years; and hlti,.i-- for defraying the expenses of suits in
which the United States are concerned, and of prosecutions
for offences committed against the United States, and for the
safe-keeping of prisoners, three hundred and twenty-five
thousand dollars: Provided, however, That hereafter, in lieu
of all fees, emoluments, and receipts, now allowed, in districts
where the present entire compensation of any of the officers
hereinafter mentioned shall exceed the sum of one thousand
five hundred dollars per annum, it shall and may be lawful
for the United States clerks, attorneys, counsel, and mar-
shals, in the district andt circuit courts of the United States
in the several States, to demand and receive the same fees
that now are, or hereafter may be, allowed by the laws ofthe
said States, respectively, where said courts are held, to the
clerks, attorneys and counsel, and sheriffs, in the highest
courts of the said States in which like services are rendered;
ant no other fees or emoluments, except that the marshals
shall receive,in full for summoning all the jurors for anty one
court, thirty dollars; and shall receive, for every day's actual
attendance at any court, five dollars per day; and for any
services, including the cornponsation for .!- I,. performed
by said officers in the discharge of thei .-Iti. ,Al duty, for
which no compensation is provided by the laws of said States,
respectively, the said officers may receive such fees as are now
allowed by law, according to the existing usage and practice
of said courts of the United States; and every district
attorney, except the district attorney of the southern dis-
trict of New York, shall receive, in addition to the above
fees, a salary of two hundred dollars per annum Pro-
vided, That the fees and emoluments retained by the
district attorneys, marshals, and clerks, exclusive of any rea-
sonable compensation to their deputies, to bh allowed in their
accounts hy the courts of the respective districts to which they
belong; and after the payment of such necessary office and
ether expenses as shall he allowed by the Secretary of the
Treasury, not to exceed, as to any one of the said offices in
the southern district of New York, the sum of three thousand
dollars per annum, and in any other district the sum of one
thousand dollars per annum, shall in no case exceed, for the
district attorneys and the marshals, or either of them, the sum
of six thousand dollars for each ; and those for each of the
clerks shall not exceed, in any case, four thotsanyd five hun-
dred dollars; the overplus of fees and emoluments to he paid
into the public Treasury, under such rules and regulations as
may be prescribed hy the Secretary of the Treasury, subject
to the disposition of Congress.
For the payment of annuities and grants by special acts of
Congress, nine hundred dollars.
Fr survey of the coast of the United States, including the
compensation of the superintendent and assistants, one hun-
dred thousand dollars.
For compensation of the two keepers of the public archives
in Florida, one thousand dollars.
For salaries of registers and receivers of land offices where
there are no sales, three thousand five hundred dollars.
For expenses in relation to the relief of certain insolvent
debtors of the United States, three thousand dollars.
For allowance to the law ageent, assistant counsel, and dis-
trict attorney, under the acts providing fuir the settlement of
private land claims in Florida, five thousand dollars.
For the support and nmairntenance of light-houses, floating-
lighis, beacons, bhuonys, aml stakeages, including the purchase
of lamps, oil, wicks, buffskins, whiting, and cotton cloth,
transporting oil, &c. keepers' salaries, repairs, improvements
and contingent expenses, four hundred and eighty-four thou-
sand and seventy-two dollars.
For the payment of Luigi Persico and Horatio Greenough,
for statues to adorn the two blockings, east front of the Capi-
tol, eight thousand dollars: Provided, The work is in such
state of progress, as, in reference to the whole sum to be paid
to the artists, respectively, for their execution, shall, in the
opinion of the President ofthe United States, render it proper
to make such payments.
For payments to the artists engaged in executing four his-
torical paintings for the vacant panels of the rotund of the
Capitol, eight thousand dollars: Provided, Thepaintirgs are
in such state of progress, as, in reference to the whole sum to
he paid to the artists, respectively, for their execution, shall,
in the opinion of the President of the United States, render
it proper to make such payments.
For the support and maintenance of the penitentiary of the
District of Columbia, eight thousand three hundred and eigh-
To make good a deficiency in the years eighteen hundred
and thirty-nine and eighteen hundred and forty, in the fund
for the relief of sick and disabled seamen, as established by
the act of third May, eighteen hundred and two, ninety-seven
For balance due the commissioner for ascertaining and
Smarting the southern boundary of Iowa Territory, under the
act of iid ., June, eighteen hundred and mli ,
four hundred and fourteen dollars anid eighty-six cents.
For carrying on thie work of thD new customt-house build-
ing at Boston, one hundred thousand dollars.
For defraying the cost of extra work on the public ware-
house at Baltimore, three thousand dollars.
For payment of arrearages for completing the custom-house
at New York, thirty-four thousand three hundred and twen-
ty-one dollars and twenty-one cents.
For the payment of expenses incurred by the collector of
New York, under the act ofsevenh July, eighteen hundred
and thirty-eight, to remit the duties upon certain goods des-
troyed by fire at the late conflagration in the city of New
York, seven hundred dollars.
For the payment of certain certificates, being the balance
of a former appropriation carried to the surplus fund on the
thirty-first-December, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-
eight, five hundred dollars.
For furniture for the President's house, of American man-
ufacture, so far as may he practicable and expedient, to bex-
pended under the dinrclion of the President, in addition to
the avails of the sales of deced furniture, the sum of six
For annual repairs of the Capitol, attending furnaces, wa-
ter closets, lamp-lighting, oil, laborers on Capitol grounds,
tools, keeping iron pipes and wooden fences in order, attend-
ing at gates, gardener's salary, and for top-dressing delicate
and valuable plants, seven thousand five hundred and eighty-
two dollars and filty cents.
For annual repairs of the President's house, gardener's
salary, horse and cart, laborers and tools, and for amount due
F. Masi & Co. for repairs on furniture, two thousand six
hundred and l twenty-eight dollars.
For completing back buildings, grading grounds, and cut-
ting balance of stone for west portico of the ne'v Treasury
ouil.h,,., and paying for materials delivered, eleven thousand
one hundred and eighty-eight dollars and forty-four cents.
For fluting columns of portico of new Patent Office, fin-
ishling roof and the cut stone work of said building, and pay-
if._. for materials delivered, seven thousand five hundred and
For enclosing new jail yard, in the city of Washington,
five thousand dollars.
For rew General Post Office building, one hundred thou-
For completing court-house in the city of Alexandria, three
For payment to the stone-catters andt the other workmen
on the Treasury building and 'the new Patent Office build-
ing of the sums allowed them by the commissioners appointed
by the President of the United States to superintend the
prosecution of the work in the construction of said buildings,
in fulfilment of a resolution of Congress of the twentieth of
July, eighteen hundred and forty, twelve thousand nine hun-
dred and twenty-three dollars andI :ii, r,.- ,.1-..
For surveying the public lands, in addition to the unex-
pended balances of former appropriations, to be apportioned
to tihe several surveying districts according to the exigencies
of the public service, including office-rent and fuel, for the
year eighteen hundred and forty-one, fifty thousand dollars.
For retracing certain old surveys in thie State of Alabama, al
a rate not exceeding four dollars amile,fifteen thousand dollars
For surveys in Missouri, in the towns named it) the act of
twenty-sixthl May, eighteen hundred and Iwenty-four, in ad-
dition to the sum of six thousand dollars appropriated for the
same object by the act of eighth April, eighteen hundred and
thirty-eight, two thousand dollars.
For surveying five hundred miles of detached and unfin-
ished lines in Illinois and Missouri, principally in the military
district, lHlinois, at a rate not exceeding six dollars a mile,
three thousand dollars.
For salaries of ministers ofthe United States to Great Bri
tain, France, Russia, Prussia, Austria, and Mexico, fifty-four
For salaries ofthe secretaries of legation to the same places,
twelve thousand dollars.
For salary of the minister resident of the United States to
Turkey, six thousand dollars.
For salaries of the charge des affaires to Portugal, Spain,
Denmark, Sweden, Holland, Belgium, Brazil, Chili, Peru,
New Grenada, Venezuela, Texas, Naples, and Sardinia,
sixty-three thousand dollars.
For salary of a dragoman to the legation to Turkey, two
thousand five hundred dollars.
For contingent expenses of all the missions abroad, thirty
For outfits of ministers to Austria and Great Britain, and
of charge des affaires to Venezuela, twenty-two thousand five
For sal iries of the consuls of the United States at London
and Paris, four thousand dollars.
For the relief and protection of American seamen in for-
eign countries, fifty thousand dollars.
For clerk hire, office rent, stationery, and other expenses
in the office of the American consul at London, per act of
January nineteenth, eighteen hundred and thirty-six, two
thousand eight hundred dollars.
For expanses of intercourse with the Barbary Powers,
seventeen thousand four hundred dollars.
For the contingent expenses of foreign intercourse, thirty
For salary of the principal and two assistant librarians,
pay of the messenger, and for contingent expenses of the li-
brary, three thousand nine hundred and fifty dollars.
For the purchase of books for the library of Congress, five
For the payment of nrr.:-r -,- incurred in enforcing the
neutrality laws on,the N .rlt. rn and Northwestern frontier,
five thousand dollars.
For the service of the General Post Office for the year
eighteen hundred and forty-one, in conformity to the act of
second July, eighteen hundred and thirty-six :
For transportation of the mail, three million two hundred
and eighty thousand dollars.
For compensation of postmasters, one million and fifty
thousand dollars: Provided, however, That, in addition to re-
turns now required to be rendered by postmasters, it shall be
the duty of the postmasters at New York, Boston, Philadel-
phia, Baltimore, and New Orleans, and the other several
cities of the Union, each and every year hereafter, to render
a quarter-yearly account to the Postmaster General, under
oath, in such form as the latter shall prescribe, for the pur-
pose of giving full effect to this proviso, of all emoluments or
sums by them respectively received for boxes or pigeon-holes,
or other receptacles for letters or papers, anid by them charged
for to individuals ; or for the delivery of letters or papers at
or from aity place in either of said cities, other than the ac-
tual post office of such city, and of all emoluments, receipts,
and profits that have conte to their hands by reason of keep-
ing branch post offices in either of said cities; and if, from
such accounting, it shall appear that the nett amount received
by eitherr of th- postmaidsters at either of such cities for such
boxes and pigeon-holes, and other receptacles for letters and
papers, anid for delivering letters or papers at or from any
place in either of said cities other than said post office, and
by reason of keeping a branch post office in either of said
cities, shall, in the aggregate, exceed the sum of three thou-
sand dollars in any one year, such excess shall be paid to the
Poslmaster General for the use and purposes of the Post
Office Department; and no postmaster shall hereafter, under
any pretence whatsoever, have, or receive, or retain for hinm-
self; in the aggregate, more than five thousand dollars per
year, including salary, or commissions, boxes, and all other
fees, perquisites, and emoluments, of any name or character
whatsoever, and for any service whatsoever, now allowed and
limited by law.
For ship, steamboat, and way-letters, forty thousand dollars.
For wrapping-paper, twenty-five thousand dollars.
For office furniture, five thousand dollars.
Fur advertising, thirty-six thousand dollars.
For mail-bags, thirty-five thousand dollars.
For blanks, thirty-three thousand dollars.
For mail-locks, keys and stamps, fifteen thousand dollars.
For mail depredations and special agents, twenty-two thou-t
For clerks for offices, two hundred and ten thousand dollars.
For miscellaneous, sixty thousand six hundred and twen-
And for the continuance of the survey of the coast ofthe
Gulf of Mexico, twenty thousand dollars.
For the balance, certified as due to the agent and commitr-
sioners at Havana, to procure the archives of Florida, and
transmit them to this country, and in full execution of the
laws upon that subject, the sum of six thousand and forty-
three dollars and ton cents.
For compensation to Wm. W. Chew, late acting Charge
d'Affaires at Russia, from the twenty-third of July, eighteen
hundred and thirty-nine, till the twenly-first of September,
eighteen hundred and forty, the sum of two thousand nine
hundred dollars, it being the difference between his salary as
Secretary of Legation and the pay of a Charge d'Affaires
during that period.
For Ihe pay and mileage of the members of the Senate for
the extra session of that body, to he convened in its Exec-
utive capacity on the fourth day of March of the present
year, the sum of thirteen thousand four hundred and twen-
For the contiingent expenses of the Senate for the extra
session, including the pay of messengers, service of horses,
fuel, stationery, and all other contingent items of the extra
session, three thousand dollars; and for a hydrographic sur-
vey of the coasts of the Northern and Northwestern lakes
of the United States, to be expended under the direction of
the President, fifteen thousand dollars; and the Librarian
of Congress is authorized to employ an additional assistant,
who shall receive a yearly compensation of eleven hundred
and fifty dollars, commencing December first, one thousand
eight hundred and forty, to be paid out of any money in the
Treasury not otherwise appropriated.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of
the Treasury be, and he is authorized to pay, out of any mo-
ney in the Treasury inot otherwiseappropriated, to the collect-
ors, deputy collectors, naval officers, surveyors, and their re-
spective clerks, together with the weighers, gaugers, mea-
surers, and markers of the several ports of the United States,
the same compensation for the year eighteen hundred and
thirty-nine which they would have been entitled to receive if
the third section of the act of July, eighteen hundred and
thirty-eight, entitled "An act to provide for the support of the
Military Academy of the United States for the year eighteen
hundred anid thirty eight, aind tor other purposes," hadeontin-
ued in force during said year, and subject to the provisionsand
restrictions therein contained: Provided, That nothing in
this section contained shall be so construed as to give to any
collector of the customs a salary for the year eighteen hun-
dred and thirty-nine beyond the maximum now fixed by law,
of four thousand dollars,
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of
the Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized to pay to the
clerks in the custom-house at Boston, out of t'any money in the
Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the arrears of their sal-
aries from eiglihteen hundred and thirty-two to eighteen hun-
dredl and thirty seven, so as to make the same equal in pro-
portion to what they received in the last nienlionel year, on
the same principle as has been applied to the custom-houses
at New York and Philadelphia; and the payments under this
section shall be governed by what has been the practical con-
struction of the former laws on this subject, at the Treasury
Department, applicable to the last naited ports.
Sec.4 And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the
Treasury'be, and he hereby is, authorized andl required to
pay to the clerks in the custom-house at Philadelphia such
sum of money as, with the amount appropriated by the gene-
ral appropriation act of the third of Mlarch, eighteen hundred
and thirty-nine, will make up the arrears of their respective
salaries from eighteen hundred and thirty-two to eighteen
hundred and thirty-seven, the sum to be so paid being first as-
certained by the proper accounting officers of the Treasury.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That, in addition to the
account now required to be rendered by every collector of cus-
tomi, naval officer, and surveyor of ports, every such collector,
naval officer, and surveyor shall, each and every year hereaf- .
ter, render a quaiter-yearly account, under oath, to the Sec-
retary of the Treasury, in such form as said Secretary shall
prescribe, of all sums of money by each of them respectively
received or collected for fines, penalties, or forfeitures, or for
seizure of goods, wares, or merchandise, or upon compro-
mises made upon said seizure; or on account of suits insti-
tuted for fraud against the revenue laws; or for rent or sto-
rage of goods, wares, or merchandise, which may be stored
in the public storehouses, and for which a r-ntis paid, beyond
the rents paid by the collector or other such officer; and if
from such accounting it shall appear that the money received
in any one year by any collector, naval officer, or surveyor,
,on account and for rents and storage, as aforesaid, and for
fees and emoluments, shall, in the aggregate, exceed the sum
of two thousand dollars, such excess shall be paid by the said
collector, naval officer, or surveyor, as the case may be, into
the Treasury of the United States, as part and parcel of the
public money; and no such collector shall, on any pretence
whatsoever, hereafter receive, hold, or retain for himself, in
the aggregate, more than six thousand dollars per year, in-
cluding all commissions for duties, and all fees for storage, or
fees or emoluments, or any other commissions or salaries
which are now allowed and limited by law. Nor shall such
naval officer, on any pretence whatever, in the aggregate, re-
ceive, hold, or retain for himself, hereafter, more than fivethou-
sand dollars per year,including all commissions on duties, and
all fees for storage, or fees or emoluiments, or any other commis-
sions or salaries which are now allowed and limited by law.
Nor shall such surveyor, in the aggregate, receive, hold, or re-
tain for himself, hereafter, more than four thousand five hun-
dred dollars per year, including all commissions or fees or
emoluments, or any other commissions or salaries which are
now allowed and limited by law: Provided, Tihe aggregate
sums allowed per year to the several officers aforesaid shall be
exclusive of the necessary expenses incident to their respect-
ive offices, in the same year, subject to the regulation of the
Secretary of the Trn asury.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That all stores hereafter
rented by the collector, naval officer, or surveyor, shall be on
public account, and paid for by the collector as such, and
shall be appropriated exclusively to the uise of receiving foreign
merchandise, subject, as to the rates of storage, to regulation
by the Secretary of the Treasury.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That every collector,
naval officer, and surveyor of the several ports of the United
States, who shall be guilty of false swearing in taking the
oath, at the rendition of his accounts, as required by the fifth
section of this act to be prescribed by the Secretary of the
Treasury, with the intention to deceive and defraud the Go-
vernment of the United States, shall be deemed to be guilty
of perjury, and liable to the same prosecution and penalty in-
flicted for like offences, to be tried and adjudged in any court
of the United States having jurisdiction thereof; and it shall
he the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury, whenever, in
his opinion, the said offence has been perpetrated, as aforesaid,
to direct the District Attorney of the United States for the
district within which the same has occurred, to prosecute the
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That all laws or parts of
laws, inconsistent with the provisions of the fifth, sixth, and
seventh sections of this act, are hereby repealed.
Approved, March 3, 1841.
[RESOLUTION-PoUBLIC, No. 1.]
JOINT RESOLUTION to present incorporate universities,
colleges, &c., with copies of the catalogue of the Library
Resolved, -c., That one copy of the catalogue of the Li-
brary of Congress be presented to each of tlUe universities,
colleges, athenmums, and historical societies of the United
States, not exceeding three hundred in number, and to the
American Antiquarian Socieiy.
Approved, January 14, 1841.
BANK OF THE METROPOLIS,
WASHINGTON, MARCH 6, 1S41.
B Y an act of Congress passed on the 3d day of July,
184', it is provided that the number of Directors of each of
the Banks in the Districtof Columbia shall, after the firstMonday
in April, 1841, be reduced to four, together with a President.
A general meetinogof the Stockholders of this Bank will, there-
fore, be holden Lt the Banking Hous.e in this city on Monday, ithe
5th day of April nest, fir the purpose of electing the number of
Directors named in said act, to serve for one year then next
The polls will be open from 10 o'clock A. M. to 3 o'clock
P. M. RD. SMITH,
mar 8-3tawtdif Cashier.
C HINA, GLASS, AND EARTHENWARE.-
HIUGH SMITH & Co. Alexandria, have on hand and offer
for sale, on favorable terms, a full and complete assortment of
China, Glass, and Earthenware, purchased for them by tueir
agents in England from the best manufactories, and of late im-
portations. Purchasers are invited to call and examine ware and
IDinner sets-White, Blue, &c. &e.
Tea Sets-Plain and Gilt
Glass Ware-Cut and Plain
Best Plated Castors
Britannia Tea Sets-Best English.
A CARD).-The subscriber will hereafter regularly practise
in the Supreme Couit of the United States.
mar 9-33w Baltimore.
PITTSFIELD BOARDING SCHOOL FOR
YOUNG LADI:US.-The scnmmer session will corm-
mence on Monday, May 17th, and will continue 21 weeks.
Reference as to the character of the school may be made to
Hon. N. P. Tallnimadge, of the Senate, or to lHon.,G.N. Briggs and
Hon. G. A. Eastman, of the House of Representatives.
Application fobr admission, or for circulars, to be made to
N. S. DODGE,
mar 9-4tifd&2tcp Pittsfield, Mass.
LARM IFOR SALE AT PUBLIC AUCTION.-On
SFriday next, the 12th instant, at 12 o'clock, (noon) we shall
,ell at public auction, to the highest bidder, on the premises, that
valuable little Farm now owned and occupied by Mr. J. C. Klam-
roth, within four miles of the city, and two from Bladensburg. It
is in tit vieinity of Colonel Brooks's and N. L. Queen's, Esq.
farms, and contains 92 acres of land, upon which is an excellent
new two story frame dwelling house, with a fine and thriving or-
chard of young apple and peach trees, of selected fruit-the
peach trees in full bearing, and some of the apple trees. This
farm is admirably located for a market or dairy farm, and any
gentleman wanting such a situation, in the neighborhood of the
city, may not soon again have so good an opportunity to procure
such a one. Terms of sale : One-half cash, and the balance in
one and two years, with interest. Title unquestionable.
mar 8-dtsif H. DYER & CO. Auctioneers.
FOR NORFOLK.-The Schooner LEONA,
> sJames Mitchell, master, will leave Washington, Ri-
l ley's wharf, on Thursday, llth instant, with what
freight may offer. The Leons intends te ply regu-
larly between the District and Norfolk. Applytothe
master on bhaid. mar 10-2t
< FOR BOSTON.-The regular packet brig i
VIRGINIA, John Crowell, master, will have des-
J~y^ patch. ^
For freight or passage, apply to I
WM. FOWLE &SON,
mar 9--3!if Alexaudria.
30,000 dollars.-13,OOO dollars.
And sixteen drawn baliots-making more prizes than blanks.
CLAss No. 2, FOR 1841.
To be drawn at Alexandria, D. C. on Saturday, April 17, 1841.
By authority of law, fir Internal Improvement in A'. ss,,dria. D.
C. Staite Treasury, Delaware College, and Crmn',...n Schh.,,s,
in the State of Delaware. Useful Manufactures in the State of
South Carolina. Green and Pulaski Monument in the City of
Savannah, and State of Georgia. Public Inmtitutions in the
States of Louisiana and Kentucky.
D. S. GREGORY & CO., Managers.
I prize of $60,000 5 prizes of $1,750
1 do 30,000 10 do 1,500
1 do 15,000 10 do 1,260
1 do 111,000 560 do 1,000
1 do 8,000 50 do 500
1 do 7,000 50 do 400
1 do 6.000 100 do 300
1 do 6,000 100 do 250
1 do 4,000 170 do 200
4 do 2,500 124 do 150
1 do 2311 124 do 100
4 prizes of 2,000
Besides prizes of $80, $70, 860, $50, $40, $25, $20, 815, $12,1$0.
Sixteen drawn numbers out of seventy-eight.
Tickets $20- Halves $10-Quarters $5-Eighths $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 26 whole tickets, 8260
Do do 26 half do 130
Do do 26 quarter do 65
Do do 26 eighth do 32 50
*.* Orders for Tickets and Shares and Certificates of Packages
in the above brillant scheme will be promptly attended to, and as
soon as the drawing is over an account of it will be for warded to
all who order from us. Address
D. S. GREGORY 4n CO. Minneers,
mar 9-2a3wd]Cplif Washington-,
-_ ... force which render the conclusions irresistible. How admi-
rably,'how clearly is the danger of ail accumulation of power
SPIRIT OF THE W HIG PRESS. in the hands of the Federal Executive pointed out, and with
what slern severity are hisconstitutional powers prescribed,and
FROM THE KINGSTON (N. V.) DEMOCRATIC JOURNAL, FEB. 24. theirfurther limitation -wherei heConstitution seemnstopermit
ttoo much latitude in their construction-recommended. With
IN A BAD Box -The country, we are afraid, after all, is what distinctness does he disavow the existence of any con-
likely tp lose inconceivably by a change in the adminiistra- stitutional claim on the part of the Chief Magistrate to be
tion of the General Government. How the loss, moreover, considered a component part oft'.. .',:-':'. tu. ,. .I with what
is to be repaired-averted it cannot be-we will not under- unanswerable arguments does I,.- -..,, ir..., ht, spirit and
take to say. Virtuous, patriotic, disinterested locofocoism is letter of our great charter that no sch claim could be acted
becoming very indignant as the period of its rule is gradually upon except by usurpation. His definition ofthe veto power,
drawing to a close. Its votaries, in various directions, have anm his explanation and classification of its legitimate uses
formally resolved to withdraw from the public service, and and purposes, are luminous and statesmanlike. The danger
some of them even turn up their delicate noses ,at the bare of the State authorities bein2 overshadowed by the great in-
idea of giving countenance to the Fresident elect or his niea- crease of power in the Exicutive department is forcibly dwelt
sures. IThis is a serious piece of business, indeed VWhat on upon and the remedy pointed out. The sulj.-ct of the inter-
earth are we to do in this dilemma'! It is but a few days f,,rence of officc-holders in elections is treated in a manner
since that the editor of the Republican gravely announce d worthy the attention ofthe hundred thousand" mercenaries
the execution of an original, fixed, and unAterable determi- who ate about to be removed from the stations they have dis-
nation of Wdiiam F. Russell to resign his commission of graced.
postmaster at ,ua.:ri;.--u..r.-t. refusing! to hold any NEVER," says President Harrison, WITH MY CONSENT
office under Gen. HUARItSON. Only ihink of that! Whet BH^.L AN OFFICER OIP TE PFOPLtF, COMPENSATED FOR HIS
a cruel thrust at those who are about to assume the maoate SERVICES OUT OF THEIR POCKETS, BELOME THE PLIANT INSTRU-
ment ot affairs! Well, we must try to get along without his MENT Op EXECUTIVE WILL "
important influence and favorable co-operation. But how Wse beg to direct the particular attention of our readers to
could he thus blast, irretrievably and forever, the fondest, that portion of thie address which touches upon the emhbar-
brightest hopes of his countrymen, and place the public into raised state of business and of thie currency ; they will find
rt[. t ilul i,,r u.peh,. by so hasty and inconsiderate a sound republican doctrine there. The foul spirit of party
act l--vi., ,,..i aciu,1 how culpable, how excruciating, which has of late assumed such a deadly and malignant form
how intolerable is such conduct-in a Locofoco is nobly rebuked, and we are warned against that false de-
But this is riot the only distressing feature nor the worst mecracy which would set class against class, in the hope of
aspect of the case. We are doonied to a still further inconve- stealing power from the People and t.iVs- i ;r cnc a, ,,i
nience-to a greater calamity-to deeper mortification, in an- The 1,.,pr,,-e.l devoted to our foreign r. i,.,r,. i d,I -, ,,i .,,
other quarter. Those who have tears, prepare to shed them ae r, .h,.rhI, l, vand will meet, we believe, with u, .lu hl'-,:d
now I Postmaster General NILES, it is understood, has writ- approval in all quarters.
ten home to Connecticut that he will not, under any cir- The elevated tone of moral and religious sentiment which
cumstancas! remain in the Post Office Department under pervades the entire document is not among the least of its
the new Administration." This is really too bad What recommendations.
are we coming to-what is our dearly beloved country com-
ing to-when locofocoism is thus unkind, ungenerous, un-
compromising I Alas for the union of the States-for the FROM THE BOSTON MERCANTILE JOUIRNAL.
integrity of the Republic-for the permanency of Democra- We give the Inaugural Address of WVILIA.tt HENRY HAR-
tic institutions, when high minded, intelligent, and incor- RISON, President of the United States-a document which,
ruptible federal office holders Ihua signify their withdrawal setting forth, as it does, the groundwork and principles of
from public life, and retire in disgust from the service of the the new Administration, ought to be, and doubtless will be,
nation. Verily we have fallen on evil times. Just reflect read carTefully by every American citizen. This address was
upon our condition Why, the People are surely a consum- evidently written by the President himself-andl it does ho-
muto set of blockheads, and the democracy of numbers is nor to his head anid hiis hemt. There is nothing of a non-
a great bore. N.l.h '1,-h.ri, of madness could have seized committal character in the address-but the views of the
our citizens, when they eo-operated to produce a revolution so wriler are placed before the Public, as it were, in bold relief
big with disaster-so pregnant with awful consequences. -and he who runs may read," and he who reads may un-
The next thiing we expect to hear is, that MARTINt VAN Bu- derstand. It is a sensible, plain document-written in a
RBN himself has solemnly and firmly determined to abdicate styli of classic purity-free from aill abstractions"-and
the Presidential chair on the 4;h of March ; and then, we such as a republican President might be expected to lay be-
suppose, the jig will be up with us entirely, fire a free and ri ';*li..;, I people. The whole tenor of the
-- ~ address shows "t, i 1- i. liiarrison will seek, not to increase
FROM' TiE ALBINY DAILY ADVERTISER, MuRCH 1. Lxcutive plwer, but to perpetuate power in tihe People-
that he will he President of the whole nation, not the leader
THE LAsr MOMESTS or, Locopocoism.--The Van Bu- of a political party. In a word, this ad.lress contains the
ran party is in its dying "flurry." Transfixed by the dait of best exposition of tree democratic principles which has ema-
Public Opinion in November last, its life has ever since been nmted from any President ofthe United States since the days
fast ebbing, and, ere long, it will be numbered among thie of Washington.
things that have been. As the dolphin is said to display its ________
brightest hues, and the swan to iutter its sofest notes, while
struggling .in the agonies of drath, so t.he Van Buren i'.iv. FRiM TiTE NEW YORK AIERICAN.
as it approaches its hour of political dissolation, shows ..i, il THE INAUOURAL OF PRESIDENT HABRIaSON is laid before our
its characteristic colors, and repeats once more its most win- readers, of whom n., i'.1l one will doubt that it is from the
ning promises. It can hardly have escaped the recollection of pen of the veteran -.n.-.. i, aind speaks plainly, and in his own
the People of the United States, though the fact may have language, his own sentiments.
grown unfamiliar to their ears, that this party came into pow- And for those sentiments what real Republican can fail to
er within h .,t,-Jd Cr.d-i.,., ofreform and retrenchment upon feel respect I They are all in favor of freedom, the largest
its read) I p. TF.-l y. rs have sines elapsed, and what, scope of freiledom eu ranlied by, and subijectto, tile provisions
during this long period, have bean the fruits of these profes- tof the Constitulini and the laws. They are in favor of a
sions 1 Expenditures increased from fourteen to forty toil- strict execution of its duties by each branch of the Govern-
lions; a Treasury drained to its very dregs; a national debt meant, within its own prescribed limits, and against all preten-
k unknown and unmeasured" in its amount, incurred through sion on the part of the Executive, especially, to interfere with
reckless prodigality or culpable mismanagemecnt-these are the legislative power.
the results of the twelve years' rule of our professed ccono- His early pledge, that lie would serve one term only, is
mists. Yet, with such facts staring them in the face, and re- emphatically renewed; and his disapprobation of the exer-
preaching them for the most wanton and persevering viola- cise-except in the extremist cases-of the Veto power is
tion of every pledge and promise given before power was oh- siuogly stated and argued. With such just opinions on the
tainted, we now behold tho Van Buren party in its very last subject of this extraordinary power, confided to the President
hour unblushingly renewing its cry of retrenchment and re- only for extraordinary occasions, he, of course, abstains from
form," and gravely submitting a proposition in Congress to tny pledge in advance, such as was so indecently made hy
cut down the salaries of all marshals, distr'iet ai. -n, .. .iost Mr. VANs BUREN, that measures ofa certain character should
masters, and clerks Thev who, having '.L.tl -I. |.... 1.. for be vetoed.
twelve long years, have -,ii. rI.l their own partisans, occupy- On the subject of abolition, which is nowhere alluded to
ing these posts, to receive, some twenty, some thirty, some I.y name, the seLtiments uttered are such as all generally
fifty thousand dollars a year, and never betrayed the slightest agree in, that no one State, nor the citizens of any one State,
disposition to retrench these luxuriant perquisites, now that nor Congress itself, can control, or should attempt to control,
others are to succeed to these lucrative offices, suddenly dis- interests exclusively within thejurisdiction another State;
cover that the emoluments are far too great, and exhibit the and the in'erest'which all members of our Republic have in
most eager haste to lop off the larger portion. Who, after maintaining cordial confiding union-far greater than any
this, carn doubt thesincere desireofthese consistent partisans interest which they cin have in the triumph of any spe-
to retrench expenditures whenever their own pockets will culative principles of social amelioration-is strongly en-
not suffer by the change'! Are not the characteristic colors forced.
of Van Burenisma-its hold effrontery, its base hypocrisy, and A metallic currency is derided as visionary and impractica-
its intense sifishiness-nmost strikingly di;.,l-dti in this its hie; while by adopting, a- the true rule fur construing the
expiring effort at retrenchment and reform / Constitution, that laid down by President Madison, in ap-
proving the bill incorporating the Bank of the United States,
FROM THE BOSTON COURIER, MARCH 4. it is made manifest that, on the core of unconstitutionality,
President Harrison would not object ho a Banker the United
THE OL DAND NEwADMnstSTRATioNs.-We haveatlength, States.
Heaven be praised! got rid of the Jack-tin-Van Buren guy. There is no allusion, however-as, in trulh, in an Inaugu-
erinment. Were the new Administration ten thousand tildes rat Massage none could be expected-to a Bank.
more dubious io its character than it ac;ual!y is, we should The peculiar position of the inhabitants of the District of
still rejoice most fervently at the change. The old govern- Columbia, without votes or political power, is feelingly advert-
ment was so bad that we do not well see how it could have el to; and the inference is thence deduced that their fe elings
bent worse. A step lower would have made it no govern- aid interests ought the more decidedly to be consulted in all
mnent at all. It was a governnenIt that lived and moved and legislation immdi-tely affecting them.
acted and dictated for itself alone, and not for thie country, or 'The old soldier proclaims his wish for, and love of, peace;
any possible interest of the country. It was a government and, more emphatically, and with marked propriety, his re-
inwhih th Peple erenothngLl te rlersevey~ and, m^'ore emphatically, and with marked propriety, his re-
in which the People were nothing, and the rulers every thing; verence for religion, hao trust in ,that good Being who has
an organized system of egotism; an incarnation of absorbing blessed us with the gifts of civil and religious freedom," and
selfishness. Never, we believe, in any political institution "his thorough conviction that sound morals, rr.....-.. ii,' itv,
that wore the shape of popular rule, were the interest and nd ajustan ofn.rcuigious responsibility, eessentiallycon-
welfare of thuse who Were governed so utterly detached and riletd a ith oil t rne and Iesting happiness.'t
rent asunder froum the interest and welfare of those who gay- These sertiments, nobleas they arejust, in character with
twined them. Never were the frauds and cajoleries of sham the integrity of the old man's life, and flswing naturally arid
patriots and knavish demagogues more shamelessly and sys- warmly from his heart, ol arn occasion when, if ever, then
tematically plied upon a rcluded multitudes and never dd e ronl ti o station e was about to assumed
they lead to more deplorable results. Could a nation learn sonmt haver ensi bilte ies bfth steiaon he was ai out tl sume
wisdom by experience, we mialht congratulate ourselves upon not doubt, form the groundwoekI h eaes anciples of his admilo
having learned enough: our scholarship has indeed been tho- istralion. o h g a P cesof his admi-
rough. The lesson, we hope, will be laid to heart. May it be prosperous an succssfi in issue, as we are con-
Twelve years have the Jackson-Van Biren faction had fint it will be hont and patriotic in motive.awarec
full swing over us. It was a long servitude under such task- t t wl hoet and par i
masters. A year's punishment was not enough for our sins
They tied us up and gave us a round dozen. Tho marks of PROM TrE NEW YORK COURIER AND ENOUtIRER.
the infliction will remain upon the bark of the nation for The Inaugural Adlreus of President HARRISON seems to
many a day. He that runs may read them, to the score of meet with very general cunmendation. Its tone andi] temser
some thirty odd millions of dollars per annum. Twelve must be approved by min of all parties. It is altogether free
years only-and in that space of time what a change in the from the arrogance and vindictiveness which have marked
country! Commerce deranged-tra-te paralyzed-the cur- the Executive communications of the last twelve years. It
rency ruined-the revenue deficient-the pusiic treasure is moderate and tolerant, expressing the political opinions oh
squandered-constitutionual landmarks violated, and the cries the writer, with respectful ieimerence to those who differ from
ot an oppressed nation spurned with arisoecratical conteroipt: him. It expresses the determination, of carrying into prac-
a government void of principle and void of shatnei: bad faith, lice the principles profssed by Gemn. Harrison when a candi-
bad theories, bad practice: evil oj), cts in view, and evil means dale for time popular favor. It indicates a desire to restorethe
to gain those olbjecls: domestic disaster only aggravated by constitutional equilibrium of the co ordinate branches of ad-
the loss of foreign credit;: ill reputation abroad ; imhbecili!y, ministration. It recognizes the Peotle of the United Slates
ignorance, and tbol-hardy presumption in our councils at as the legitimate sovereignty of the Republic ; and accords
home-these have been the fruits of our twelve years' "ex- a cheerful and confident acquiescence in the great principles
perinment Truly, i,. ._i*n I. ,ri ", have shown themselves of democratic liberty. The style of the document is simple,
men of business. I thi') il,.c l-.ti the ablest architects of free, and appropriate to a document of this description.
suin which this country ever saw. The views uf President [Harrison on all constitutional
It was the boast of the Emperor Augustus that he found subjects bace been made so familiar to the People during the
Rome built of brick, but he left it marble. The party who rcoment canvass mhat all lhe sentiments of his Inaugural may
aredriven from the government this daycan makelherever-e be said to have received their approval in advance. fHis en-
of this saying their boast. They found the country prosper- emies have styled him the mute candidate; and have alle-
ous; they ler it goiug to ruin. Every thing which they have ged that he achieved the Presidency by concealing his opin-
done must now he undone. There will be no safety nor sta- ions. So little truth is there in this assertion that his Inau-
bility for any thing around us till every step of their ruinous gural Address is little more than a substantial summary of
career is retrodden, anl we are carried back to the ground on what he has written and said on a thousand occasions be-
which we stood wheu the reins of power fell into their mis- fore. We have a President at length who has sought no
chievuus hands. It is deplorable to ri fl-et upon the causes favor by false professions, and who can best consult liis own
which brought about this catastrophe. Why were these honor and the interests of his country hy strictly reducing to
reckless adventurers suffi-red to pluInge the nation into such practice the principles he has uniformly avowed.
an abyss of calamities'. It was not accident; it was not in- After a careful reperusal of ihis document, we have not
experience; it was not want .f kr,.,,il.. t..: in the People. It discovered a single sentiment from which we are disposed to
was the madness o' party. .'m, t s, -.m leaders of this des- dissent. In the views developed in regard to the press, we
operate faction, many oh their tools, many of their dupes, sincerely acquiesce. It was Mr. Van Buren, we believe,
knew-tihey could not helt, knowing-rthat their measures who first commeinced the work .if "regulating" or oubsidiz-
must lead to nothing but ultimate disaster and .', -u.e But i.e'ii,.. press in the enmploymentof the Administration. The
what is party spirit but an endemic madness, replete with all s. rm.oi v of the Government journals for the last twelve years
the elements of mischief'! There is political sitic-tthere is has been as notorious asldegrading. In this State they have
vulgar prejudice-there is blind hereditary haired of a name, taken their cue from the he.- Argus ; which has receivedl
a person, or a thing. Amid the din and turbulence of these its lessons from the Washington Globe. There has heen no-
accursed passions, how can the calm voice of reason be :lmi,.,. like a free and honest discussin of great public nasa-
heard sures in these papers: They have been merely the echoes of
To secure the blessing which the change of administra- the great central organ of the Kitchen Cabinet. They have
lion holds oat to ns in prospect, these things must be kept in been but pipes for Mr. Amos Kenuall to sound what stop"
mind. If the new government design to keep free from the he pleased. Had it not haen fur this shameless servility, this
vices of the old, let them not copy a single item of their tad- base readiness to receive instructions from headquarters, the
tics. Let there he no cabals nor kirehen cabinets to manage sub-Treasury wouhl never have been the law of the land.
the machinery of party by pulling invisible wires. Let every If the journals of the Administration had represented the
tinmg that is done be clear and above-board. Let public offi- opinion's of I eir conductors, and sustained them with vigor-
cers be exalted to their stations hy the honest voice of an ous confidence, the novel expedient" of Mr. Senator
honest community, and not get in as the nominees of a junto. Wright and Mr. Gouge would have died with its inventors ;
Let the advice of honetjindividuals be listened to, albeit the at any rate, it would never have survived'the message of the
said individuals have no official connexion with managing extra session. President Harrison justly estimates i .rmeh's
committees or regular miouth-piececs" of the party. And, and responsibilities ofthe public pless; and we have no doubt
above all, let us have nothing of that corrupt and scandalous that the poli-y of invitivS and enriourag ng a free discussion
practice, the lasting shame and disgrace of the Jackson gov- of the acts of Government will exercise over it a most im-
ernment-a regulaily-orgsnized newspaper dictation-where portant and beneficial influence.
an editor is to sit, pen in hand, and await signals from head-.
quarters. Let us have independence of opinion on all parts, FROM THE NATIONAL. GAZETTE, MARCH 8.
and honest, manly courage in the expression of it. As long The nomination of all the members of President HARRt-
as this principle is steadily pursued, we shall never despair of soN's Caluinet have been confirmed by the Senate, and thus
the fortunes, of the Republic. the country is fully under the action of a new Executive. The
Inaugural Address of the President, together with the well-
FROM THE N. Y. TIMES AND STAR. known principles of his constitutional advisers, leaves no
THE INAtCGURA.L AnaDDRESS.-The eloquent, dignified, phi- question of the leading measures which this Administration
losophic, and truly democratic document, which we present will either recommend to Congress or approve, if passed by
to our readers this morning, will, we confidently predict, he that body. Preliminary to every step will, and must be, an
fouhd to transcend the highest expectations which the People examination into the condition of every Department, and a
may have formed of their President's Inaugural Address, full and true exhibition to the nation of the conduct of its
Simple in its style and lhruua..,, bearing upon its every sen- rulers for the past twelve yeats, and the amount of various
tence tha impress of a :,..,y .11I powerful mind, thoroughly responsibilities which are entailed upon the present succes-
Jeffersonian in its constitutional views and in the policy to sion. Such an exhibition will be absolutely necessary, in or-
which they point, it will find an approving response in the der to place the subsequent course of the Executive in a pro-
heart and in the head of every true republican. Had the per light. No act or sentiment, as we conceive, of Jackson
spirits of Jefferson and Madison sat in council with Harrison or Van Buren, within the People's knowledge, tending to
when he framed it, they could not have suggested an address excite distrust and indignation, has created such an impres-
more in unison with the political precepts they have bequeath- sion of the dishonesty and ignorance of either as the diaclo-
ed to us. It presents an epitome of their principles, and ap- sures which msst follow an examination of the archives of
plies them to the abuses which have crept into the adminis- their administrations. All was regular, prosperous, and safe
trattion of public affirm siace their day, with a cogency and in the evil hour which brought the former into power, and all
is now confusion and adversity in every interest which Exe-
cutive authority or influence could reach. The wilful misre-
presentations of opponents, and the fanciful assertions of
friends, more ardent than thoughtful, have brought perhaps a
majority of citizens to anticipate nothing less than miracles
through Harrison's agency. We desire to see these dreams
succeeded by sober views of things as they are. We desire
that every man in the Union may be informed of the despe-
rate plight in which the affairs of all the Departments are left
by the late incumbents, and the Augean task of restoring
them to order devolisg on the new officers before any other
exercise of their power or discretion.
Already, with an affectation as disgusting as it is transpa-
rent, the Opposition party express their delight that the elec-
tion of Harrison has not settled every poliLical dispute, and re-
stored thie business ofthe General Government, ofthe S'ate
Governments, and cf every individual in the land to prosper-
ous security. The question is asked, wit It assumed triumph,
where is the promised change'I We deem it incumbent up-
on us to oppose this swaggerat once. The first reports ofthe
heads of Departments wiil show, in detail, the conduct of
their predecessors, and the state in which they have left their
respective trusts. As soon as this much may be achieved,
we are of opinion that the indecent brawling about instant
and universal change will be abandoned, and the whole time
and energies of Van Buren's apologists be occupied in ex-
plaining away the blunders in Government attendant upon
his want of integrity and foresight. There is, fcrtunate'y,
abundant confidence in every member of Harrison's Cabinet.
Respectively, the Departments could trot be presented by
men more trustworthy. Experienced, honest, industrious,
ahble-they enter upon their arduous duties with the hopes of
the nation, long abused and disappointed, again revived in
their pledges to guard and advance its interest's.
FAREWELL CONCERT, at Georgetown,
Of Miss St. Luke, Master St. Luke, and Mr. St. Luke, at Mr.
Slack's Bank Saloon, on Friday evening next, March 12.
Tickets 50 cents. Commence at half past 7 o'clock.
Andt on tho following ( c.n.n.] ,,) ,',, FAREWELL CON-
C E R T ,t '[ It.. -H .I t
Tickets 50 cents. Commence at half past 7 o'clock.
POLAND AND RUSSIA.
Strike but hear."
WOW IN PRESS, AriX IN ABOUT A MONTH
-LU will be published, in book form, with the above title,
the commuiinicatiuns fi-nu-d TACITUS, which appeared in thie co-
lumns of the National Intelligencer in 1839.
I have been compelled, in self-defence, to bring those papers
before the Public in a form to render the matter accessible to
every one who may feel an interest in subjects of so much im-
portance in general hitory. 1 liave been charged, by a Major
'POCHMAN, an emigrant Pole, with r1 :r, .- history and Flandor-
ing his country and countrymen. I r.. i every one to decide
between as, treasures haine been taken to transfer the matter
from a situaton of very difficult to one 'of easy reference.
Other Circumstances have combined with Msj. r Tochmn'sas-a
sertiocs, to i pli Ime to tlis publication. This manIt has soughitand
obtained legislative halls in which to deal out lisa assertions, and,
relying on his ipse dixit, members of Legislatures have, with
other prominent citizens, formed themselves into joint r..,. tu,-..
formed preambles and passed resolutions censuring in ii' ".
absence of course,) unheard and undefended. Such proceed-
ings need no observationm,. All I now demand of the Public is, to
read firs:, compare document next, and then condemn whoever
lihas attempted imposition rsiying on individual reedulity.
TERMS, &e.-The pamphlet will contain about GO medium
octavo pages, and be printed on small pica type. As it will be a
compend of historical matter from the most authentic and respec-
table sources, accessible in this country only at great expense and
labor, thie copy-right. of the forthcoming work will be secured.
'To sub cribers the price will be but 25 cet-' per copy.
CHILLICOTHE, OHIO, MARCH 2, 184i. muer 1Il-cp5t
T l THE MEDICAL PUBLIC.--Tbe chair of the
Theory and Practice of Medicine in the Medical Depart-
ment of the Transylvania University is at present vacant, and,
with a view to fill it in the best possible manner, applications for
the appointment are invited from the members of the medical
The communications 'on the subject must be addressed to the
Dean of the Medical Faculty of Transylvania University,
and come to hand before the lst of June next, when thie appoint-
ment will te made. Thie name of no one but the successful can-
didate will be made public.
M. Cf. JOHNSON,
Chairman Board of Truslees Tran. Un.
N. B. Editors friendly to the cause of science will please in-
Pert the above in their columns. mar 11-mIr
r11REAT DISCOVEIKtY.-Thiis is based oni a self-supply-
% ing principle, aird can undoubtedly be applied to steam-
boilers, salt-boilers, and lamps. A cistern of any dimension mnay
be placed at a suitable distance from the bioiloers, and by running
a tube into the boiler where it is desirable thie height of water
should hbe kept, and as long as the water remains thie least above
the month ofthe tube, there water is cortfined in the cistern; but as
soon as the evaporation by steam brings the water low enough in
the boiler toadmit steam into the tube, that same quantity of water
is allowed to tl uw from the cistern into the boiler, and raising it
above the mouth of the tube, when the pressure of stream confines
the water in the cistern till the steamn brings the water in ihe
boiler down so as to admit steam into the tube, as mentioned above;
and thus it continues to ebb and flow, until the water in the cistern
has all flowed into the boiler, and thesteam has supplied its place.
The lamp has been brought int, actual operation by this principle,
and can be constructed so that nearly all kinds of grease and oil
can be used to .- advantage. A lamp can be constructed to
burn lard, and .it u-orm thao article better than thie old lamp will
the best oefoil.
I have now secured my right at the Patent Office for this sup-
plying principle, and if any person wishes to know anything fur-
ther respecting thi plan of sale, &c. by sending writt n commu-
nications, post paid, to Chesterhill puot office, Athens county,
Ohio, they will be punctually attended t, hv the inventor of the
5',- I, i : principle. / ..tI-tN WORRALL.
I' S N communications need be sBnt before the 1st of next
month. mar ll-It
S FOR EN NT-A cornfortable two story brick dwel-
ling-house, situated on 12th street, between F & G ste.
S suitable foir a small family. Immediate possession can
be had. Inquire of CHRISTOPHER CAMMACK,
mar 11-eo3t FI street, near 15th street.
NrNOR SALE Ol RENT-A country seat, near Rtek
Creek, one and a half mile from the Capitol, lately oc-
espied by Amos Kendall, EIsq. Possesion to be had on the firn t
doy of April. For tems oif sale or r -nt, p, ply to
moar 11-3t ASHTON ALEXANDER, Baltimore.
N OTICE.-AII personsare hereby forewarned not to deliv-
ergoods of any description to any person -so my account. I
shall not pay any debts unless contracted by myself peoisonally, or
upon my own written order.
mar It--?,t WM. DOUGLASS.
01, LEGANT FRENCHI V WORK.-I have this day re-
a-A ceived 6 cartoons of French Work, to which I would call
the attention of the ladies as being something more elegant than
ever before offered lihere.
mar 11-3t [GlobeJ ] D. CLAGETT.
A CHOICE IIMSOUHTS ['ARIM t)Ot SALE
( ICe.,i p.- I. has 480 acres-1o60 o ittn wood, and 320 fine
dry prao.- , i i t in tun ihy, and 60 in eu!tivation ; very coim-
fortable buildings, 60 apple and peach trees I .-,,i. ;r. I
branch water and the salt fork of La Mine, a ', 'I "' -.. ii lf
saltwater, coal near, and, no doubt, in it; well suited for stock,
hemp, tobacco, or corn. It is in Salione county, welt known for
health and good society, 24 miles front, Boonville, 10 front Arrow
Rock, end 2 from Joaesborough, on the stage road. Possession
can be Ita' on short notice. C-ingress tiftu. Puice 8 to 9 dol-
lars per acre, .,.u*,: payments. Apply, personally, to Gen.
T. A. Smith, or Utl. Lewis, near it; or by letter, post paid, to
the owner. A. hAYS,
mar 11-eo3w near Miuhison, ludisna.
D. S. GREGORY & CO. Managers.
Capital 30,000 dollars.
40 prizes of 1,500 dollars.
VIRGINIA WELLSBURG LOTTERY,
Class C for 1841.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Suturday, March 13, 1841.
1 prize of 8S,000 i 1 prize of $3,000
1 do 3,500 1 do 2,500
I do 3,070
40 of $1,500, &c.
Tickets only $10--Halves $6--Q(uarters S2 50.
Certificates ofpaokages oh 25 whole tickets, $130
Do do of 25 hbii do I5
Do do of 25 quarter do 32 50
30,000 Dollars and 200 of 500 Dollars.
VIRGINIA MONONGALIA LOTTERY,
Cluss C for 1841.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Vo. on Saturday, March 20, 1141.
I prize of $5,000 1 prize of 81,900
I do 3,000 1 do 1,800
1 do 2,387 1 do 1,701)
1 do 2,000 1 do 1,600
2 prizes of $1,500-3 of $1,300-5 of $1,250
200 of $500, &c.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters 2 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets, 8130
Do do 25 half do 65
Do do 25 quarter do 32 50
VIRGINIA LEESBURG LOTTERY,
Class D for 1841.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, March 27, 1841.
1 prize of 810,000 1 prize of 83,000
I do 6,000 1 do 2,320
1 do 5,000
30 prizes of $1,000-60 of $500-60 of $300
129 of $200, &c.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters 8$ 50.
Certificates of packages of.26 whole tickets $140
Do do 26 half do 70
Do tdo 26 quarter do 35
1j For tickets and shares or certificates of packages in the
above splendid Lotteries, address
D. S. GREGORY & CO.
fl Drawings sent immediately after they are over to all who
order as above, feb 23-2aw-wd&oIf
SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 10, 1840.
The discussion was continued on the resolution of Mr.
MANOUM, proposing to dismiss Blair & Rives as Printers to
the 27th Congress.
Messrs. WRIGHT, WALKER, SEVIER, WOOD.
BURY, and others opposed the resolution, and Messrs.
MANGUM andl others advocated it.
At 4 o'clock, the Senate, on motion of Mr. PRESTON,
proceeded to the consideration of Executive business.
VIEWS OF AN AMERICAN IN PARIS.
Messrs. GALES & SEATON ; Viewing the sul'joined extract
from a letter to me, written in Paris in January last by an
eminent American citizen now on a scientific tour in Europe,
as interesting to Americans, allow me to request a place for
it in the Intelligencer.
WASUINGTON, MARCII 10, 1841. W. F.
On visiting the fancy stores, I soon become completely con-
fused. Fancy articles abound to an extent tl.at 1 had never
before thought of. Many of them are exceedingly beautiful,
but, generally, the best pieces of workmanship have some of
the French taste displayed, that spoils them for our country,
and 1 hrpe always wi!l. If I attempt to purchase from the
immense mass there is here.o select from, I am confident I
shall do like the person sent to tie forest for a stick-I shall
go through the wood and cut a crooked stick at last.
1 have been most unfortunate in my health nearly all the
time since I arrived in France, and for the last six weeks
have been confined to my bed or room most of the lime. My
complaint originated in a violent cold, that for a time ap.
peared to be fastening itself on mn lungs. 1 Iam now much
better, and nearly ready to commence my tour again, which
has been sadly interrupted. I need hardly tell you that, from
the time I arrived in England till I lost my health, I was in
one constant scene of most interesting excitement; and even
here, since I have been out of tune anrid disheartened, I have
seen thousands of interesting objects. For sights interesting
to the curious or scientific traveller, I think Paris is almost
incomparally beyond London, and France before England ;
but, fir solld practical operations, anid even comforts of life,
England is far inI advance. I am not a philosopher, or fitted
to reason on those subjects which others ha'e already written
threadbare, and will only say that the French character is
to me a perfect anoetaly. Among a people unequalled in
science, there is constantly a want of its application before
the eye. Rated as they arc fur correct taste, it is difficult to
pass an hour in the streets without witnessing the most Iudi-
crous scenes. The same character is seen in every thing.
But I must rresrve description ttll I can see you again, if a
kind Providence but favors me with that anticipated happy
hour. 1 can assure yoe I am not less American than when I
left, but, on the contrary, every feeling has been fastened
upon that cherished land of ours by, as it were, additional
hooks of steel. There is nithina I feel more proud of here
than my American birthright, and it has served mtoe more than
once as a passport to favors that 1 could not have received
under any other name. It appears to me that no observing
American can visit Europe and witness the every day scenes
of common life without feeling more than ever before attach..
ed to his country. If I could exhibit in America one such
scena as I have witnessed here out of a hundreds, I believe it
woulil do more towards attaching our people to their t priceless
privileges than the harangues of p--rty politicians coulJ do in
V learn by a letter from Auburn, dated March 4'h, that
NATHANIE L GARROW, marshal of the Northern Di-trict of
the State of New York, died in that village on the 3d inst.
He was, apparently, 'in good health, and about hIis usual busi-
ness in the morning, but toward night was attacked, for the
third time, by apoplexy, and dlied in a few hours.
U. S. Stila POToMac.-Captain Lauderman, of the brig
Susan, which left Montevideo January 1st, reports that the
U. S. Ship PoTOMac, which had been ashore in the river La
Plata, had been gotten off without damage, and was refit-
ting, and was expected at Montevideo in a few days after
Captain L. sailed.
NOVEL LAWSUIT.-A most singular cause in about to he
tried before one of the French law courts. When the cele-
brated Pinel died in 1826, his pupils, MM. Esquirol, Alkbert
Recamnier, Roetan, &e., thought it right to examine his body,
and M. Eiquirol prepared the defunct professor's skull with
the greatest care, and preserved it as a souvenirof his master.
But, on the death of M. Esquirol, M. Scipio Pinel comes
forward, and is about to institute a lIwsuit for the recovery
cf his father's skull, asserting that he is legally entitled to it.
[Provincial Mied. and Sur. Jour.
WEALTH or AN lItisn BisHoP.-On announcing the demise
ofthe late Dr. Alexander, we ventured to anticipate, look-
ing to the length of time during which he had an opportu-
nity of accumulating, as well as the reputation of the Irish
Bishops for hoarding wealth, that his lordship must haie
died enormously and disgracefully rich. But we own we
were not prepared for tihe tremendous amount of his savings.
The following is from a Tory journal: The late Bishop
of Meath died immensely rich. The property he has left
amounts to several hundred thousand pounds."
SINGULAR CiiASACTERISTIc.-There would appear to be a
great disinclination on the part of the lawyers of Paris to le-
gacies. M. Ganneron, one of the executors of the will of
Madame de Fetucheres, has, in imitation of his colleague,
M. Odillon Barrelt, renounced the bequest of 100,000f. left to
him by that lady, in favor of the hospitals of Paris.
n- NOTICli3.-There 'will be a meetinir of the sign-
ers to the li.-t fr the ibrtnaliot oi a Volunteer Rit,,I Company
held on Friday evening, ihe 12th instant, at Mr. Buckioghlam's
roonm, on C street, eppi si c CGarui's Saloon.
Persous wishing to jin are requested to attend .
gj.- Perseverance Fire Company.-The staled meeting
of ilho Comipany will be hlti this '.- (T- ,.. i .ti half
past 7 o'clock, at the Engine-house. '.'I 1 1.. i1'1i"'v,
omar Ilt-t Secretary.
hiAIR FO"K ST. MA i l 11 I iitiIi, (!,.i-
X. tinued.-Tote proprietors of Ih,. New Assenbly tootn,"
formerly tile Old Theatre, but recently fitted up lor puP.lic exhi-
bitions, &c. have kindly consented liat thile Fair for the benefit of
St. Mttliew's Church liouaild be transferred froin liehall in which
it has been lately held, at the corner of Four-and-a half street, to
their new and splendid Saloon, now open, called the New Assem-
bly Roon,, near the coiner of 6tlh street and Louisiana avenue, op-
posite the Uniitarian church, where it will be continued till fur
their notice; where the articles yet unsold will be disposed of at
The Ladlies oflthe Fair are induced to continue it by the repeat-
ed soLcitations of several who have not vet assisted at it.
ltefreslunments will be served at every houi from 10 A. M. till
t0 P. M.
Music will be in attendance.
mar 10-3t [nalt. Sun]
&IUGAR, MOLASStI", ec.--Just received on consign-
moeat, and for sale by the subscriber-
3 hogsheads Porto Rico Sugar
3 do New Orleans do., new crop
20 barrels prime New Oileans Molasses, do.
Also, daily expected, a cargo of Liverpool Ground Alum Salt.
mar II.-3t Water street, Georgetown.
WASHINGTON AND ALEXAN DBIA BOAT.
.itlK hjL TbaTsteamtboatJOSEPH JOIINSON,
l plying between the above places, will,
*in and after Thursday, the llthl March,
~ run as follows, viz.
I.. ... tt.1 lt,,...'.r at 9 and 1i n'clcok A. M.
and at 3j and S P M.
Leave Alexandria at 8 and tO o'clock A. M.
ant at 2* and 4* P. M.
SIhe will also make a daily ttip between Georgetown and Alexan-
dria,teaving the taller placeat a quarter before 12o'clock A. M. ad
the former at t o'clock P. M. IGNATIUS ALLEN,
mar 11 Captatin.
ON TltURSt)AY, (MARCH ti) THE
ALEXANDRIA LOTTERY, No. 8, Extra,
Will be drawn at Alexandria, D. G.
12 drawn Nos. oat of 66.
$7,000--$-2,080-5 of $ !,000--5 of $300--
5 of $250-5 of $200, &c. &c.
Tickets only $2 50-Halves $t 25-Q-uarters 62 cents.
Certificates of packages of 22 wvole tickets, $28
Do do 2'2 half do 14
Do do 22 quarter do 7
For sale by D. S. GREGORY & CO., Managers,
t'cnn. avenue, next door east of Gadsby's, Washington.
DRAWS ON THURSDAY. (MARCH I I,)
POKOMOKE RIVER LOTTERY,
200 prizes (lowest three) of $500.
&c. &c. &c.
72 r.mber Lotteiy-12 drawn ballo'!s.
Whole tickets ten dollars-Shares in proportion.
Certificate of package of whole tickets, O$100
Do do quarters, 25
For which apply to or address
JAS. PHALEN & CO. Managers,
- mar 10-2t Penn. Avenue. near 41 street.
DISSO)LUTION OF CO-PARTNERSHIP.-The
. co-partnership heretofore existing under the firm of Brad-
ley, Cdattett, & Estep is this day dissolved, by mutual consent.
The business will hereafter he conducted by Henry Bradleyand
Resin EsRtop, under the firm of BRADLEY & ESTEP, who atone are
authorized to receive all debts and dues to the former firms of
Bradley & Callett and ofBradley, Catlet, & Estep.
March5, 1841. HENRY BRADLEY,
JOHN T. CATLETT,
mar 10 [Globe] REZIN ESTEP.
B RACELET LOST.-LtL yesterday, by al.idv, in Penn-
sylvania avenue or 12th street, a gold BRACELET, with
clasps imitating serpents' heads. The finder, on restoring it to
bthis office, wjll reuesve a suitable reward, mar 10-ti
"Liberty and Union, now "ad forever, one and
THURSDAY, MARCH 11, 1841.
We aie sorry to discover, by publications in the
Western papers, that, in some of the Congres-
sional districts, the WVHIos are falling into the
error of running more than one candidate in
each district, so as to endanger the true rep-
resentation of the undoubted sense of the
majority by choosing the candidate upon whom
their opponents will take good care to concen-
trate all their votes. This is the most suicidal
policy and the most unwise that can be imagined.
Having elected their favorite old General to the
Presidency, if they should not elect Members to
Congress who are favorable to his principles, the
change of Chief Magistrate will have been made
in vain. The President of himself can accom-
plish but little in the way of restoring to the coun-
try its wonted prosperity. He constitutes but one
branch of tihe Government. The two Houses of
Congress must have the same disposition as him-
self, or he will be without effective power to re-
medy grievances, and the nation will still remain
oppressed by the measures under which it has so
long groaned. Is it possible that our Whig fellow-
citizens will suffer the object which they all have in
view to be defeated, by scattering their votes among
the different aspirants for their favor ? Ought
they not rather, in every Congressional district, to
meet in convention, ascertain which candidate of
their own politics is preferred by a majority of
themselves, make him their sole candidate, and go
to work like men to elect him, and send him here
to assist the President to carry out their will?
What a strange anomaly would be the conse-
quence of a different course How inconsistent-
nay, how foolish would it be if, in consequence of
wilful adherence to personal preferences, the
Whigs were, after placing General HARRiSON at
the head of the Government, to surround him
with a Congress determined to thwart every mea-
sure he may propose for accomplishing the pur.
poses for which he was elected ?
Let our Wliig friends think of this.
Yesterday was the day fixed upon for terminat-
ing the present session of the Legislature of the
State of Maryland ; and yesterday, no doubt, the
Legislature did adjourn.
Finding, however, that it would be impossible
within that limit to complete the revenue bill, the
passage of which is so essential to sustain the
credit of the State, the Senate very reluctantly
gave on Tuesday an assent, which they had before
withheld, to a bill for an extra session, to be held
at any time after the 15th of April.
CHESAPEAKE AND OHIO CANAL COMPANY.
At the Special Meeting of the Stockholders of
the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, required by MA-
RYLAND (holding the majority of the stock) to be
held at Frederick City on Monday last, a majority
of the stock was not represented, the State of Ma-
ryland herself not being present, and the meeting
was adjourned to an early d(lay in the next month,
of which, of course, due notice will be given.
It is very well and aptly remarked by the Alex-
andria Gazette, as follows: It does not become
Sthe citizens of the District of Columbia to pass
by without acknowledgment thle dignified, elo-
quent, and just remarks of the President in his
Inaugural Address in relation to them, their in-
terests, andi their feelings. Warmly as a large
majority of them were already attached to the
venerable Chief Magistrate from principle, the
mariner in which he has brought them to the no-
tice of the Nation, in his first solemn official
act, will still more endear him to their affections.
We thank him for his just conception of our
tiGiOtLTS, and for his noble promulgation of those
rights in our behalf."
We adopt evcry word of this.
FROM THE BOSTON ATLAS.
Postmaster General NILEs, with a view, probably, to em-
barrass his successor, has shortened the time within which
contracts are to be made, so that they are to be closed at least
one month sooner after the 4th of March than has heretofore
FROM THE ALBANY EVENING JOURNAL.
If this be true, we see no reason why the time for mail let-
tings should not be extended. There is another reason that,
in our judgment, renders such a postponement proper. Thr
proposals only appear in Locofoco papers of very limited cir-
culation, and are therefore seen by few of our fellow-citizens.
The People have, for sufficient reasons, thought proper to
change their rulers. The expunged" Adtninistration hold
and used great patronage and power in their mail contracts.
The People, generally, were excluded from any participation
in these advantages. If the time for mail lettings should be
extended, and general notice given, the interests of the Gov-
ernment and the rights of the People may be mutually pro-
GOLD AND PAPER IN GREAT BRITAIN.
We are indebted to a gentleman of this city, himself an
able judge of finance and currency, for a valuable work on
the financial operations of the British Government. It was
sent to this country by the celebrated Joseph Home, M. P.
From it we learn the following' r.vr,i ,s of currency and tax-
ation, from the year 1801 to 1". i 'rtluoive:
In 1801, the nett produce of the British revenue in paper
amounted to 34,113,146; ingold, to 31,767048 ; gold be-
ing at 83o. 7d. per ounce. Population, 16,388,102, and the
taxation per head, 1 18 9.
In 180S, the revenue in paper amounted to 62,998,191
in -old to o7 548 201; gold being at 85s. 3,1. per ounce.
Population, 17871,563. Taxation per head, 3 4 4.
In 1815, the revenue in paper amounted to 72,210,512;
in gald to 60 575,156; gold being 92s. 1Od. per ounce.
Population, 19,563,934. Taxation per head, 31 11. (This
year cl ised the great European wars.)
In 1828, 'he revenna in paper was 55,187,142; in gold
55,187,142; the price of gold being 77s. 10d. per ounce.
Population, 23,301,120. Taxation per head, 2 7 4.
In 1838, the revenue in paper was 47,333,460; in gold
the same; the price of gold beinz as ini 1828. Population,
26688,879. Taxation per head 1 15 5. .
A forthcoming publication states the population or the
United Kingdom of Great Britain in 1840 to bs 27,200.000.-
SAD ACCIDENT.-On Friday last a sad accident occurred
at the steamboat landing at Wilmington, Delaware. The
number of persons awaiting passage numbered one thousand,
and, in the general rush to get on board, an elderly lady was
knocked off the gangway board into the water, and, in con-
sequence of the great crowd which impeded the necessary
exertions to rescue her, she was drowned before she was
drawn from the water. The catastrophe threw quite agloorm
over the passengers.
TOOTH DRAWING.-Dr. Espen's episode of tooth drawing re-
minds us of a counlrv patient somewhat akin to his, who called on
one of our most eminent dentists, being troubled with a raging
tooth," which he wished extracted. Seating himself, the polished
instrument was displayed before his eyes, and the next instant
the tormentor was placed in hisi hand. '"Well, doctor," said ho,
how much do you ax for the job Guy but you did it quick
though!" My terms," replied the dentist, are one dollar."
"A dollarI for half a Tinulte's work! One dollar? Thunder!
Why, a doctor don't our place drawed a tooth for me, two years
ago, and it took him two hours. He dragged me all round the
room, and lost hisa grip half a dozen times. I never see such hard
work ; and he only charged me twenty five cents. A dollar for
a minute's work! 0 git about !-you must be joking." This
economical victim was but following out the popular utilitarian
doctrine, that the labor necessary to produce a rcpult should form
its standard of value.-Knickerboclkcr,
REPRESENTATIVES O' 1 POREtGN STATE
NOW IN WASHINGTON.
ENVOYS EXTRAORDINARY AND MINISTERS PLENI-.
POTENTIARY ACCREDITED TO THE U. STATES.
From Great Britain.-HENRY S. Fox, Esq. pre-
sented March, 1836.
From Russia.--M. AL. BE BoDISCO, presented
From the Argentine Confederation.-Gen. AL-
VEAh, presented October 11, 1838.
From Austria.-Baron DE MAREscnIAL, present-
ed October 13, 1838.
From Spiin.-Chevalier D'ARGAIZ, presented
September 27, 1839.
From France.-M. DR BACOURT, presented July,
From Prussia.-Baron DR ROENNE, presented
From Portugal.-M. FIOANIERE E MORAO,
presented December 31, 1840.
LIST OF CHARGES D'AFFAIRES.
Mr. STEEN BILLE, Charg6 d'Affaires of Den-
mark, credential letter November, 1828. -
Chevalier ADRIAN MARTINI, Charge d'Affaires
of the Netherlands, credential letter July, 1833.
Al. CHARLES SERRUys, Charg6 d'Affaires of
Belgium, credential letter September, 1838.
Chevalier Dr NORDIN, Charg6 d'Affaires of Swe-
den, credential letter November, 1838.
Count DE COLOBIANO, Charge d'Affaires of Sar-
dinia, credential letter February, 1839.
BERNARD E. BEE, Charge d'Affaires of Texas,
credential letter April, 1840.
NEW YORK, MARCH 9.
We are waiting, not very patiently, for the ap-
pointment of a Collector for this cily, as we take-
it for granted there is no intention of retaining
Mr. MORIGAN; nor do I think that gentleman ex-
pects his term of office will extend beyond the present week.
There is a good deal of curiosity, too, to know exactly how
the accounts of the late Collector with the Treasury stand,
for the correspondence between Mr. WooDiBRY and Mr.
-HOYT, lately published, did not explain the matter in a man-
tier at all i-ri,. cioty.
.The rumors that I mentioned some days ago are still afloat,
and are seemingly well-grounded. A new one is, that the
Naval Officer refuses to certify Mr. HOYT'S accounts for
the last quarter to be correct within the sum of about one
hundred and thirty-five thousand dollars. If this be true,
there is.a section in the sub-Treasury law that meets the case
The Whigs in the Kennebec district (Maine) have nomi-
nated DAVID BRONSON, Esq. candidate for Congress in place
of Mr. EvANs. The election takes place next Monday.
The Legislature of Massachusetts has adopted resolutions
declaring the right of the State of Maine to the disputed ter-
ritory, and that the interests and honor of Massachusetts de-
mand a speedy adjustment of the question.
Mr. BaowNsoN, the Boston Quarterly Editor, in his lec-
ture here the other night, attempted to show the identity of
Democracy and Christianity. He said if Jesus Christ had
appeared in these days, he would have been called a leveller.
His hearers were few, to the credit of our city be it said. The
lecture was a curious compound of Locefocoism and infidelity.
The Steamship sails to-morrow. Exchange to go by her
is selling at CQ a 8 prtmium.
The money market is in a very unsettled state. The at-
tempt to discredit the bills of the Free Banks has been so far
successful that most of the brokers refuse to buy those of the
Buffalo banks, and some others. The notes of the rest of
the coutitty banks are at 3 to 5'per cent. discount. Thiscan-
not last long. The rate must come down, or the banks will
be all run upon for specie. The North river is free of ice as
far up as Poughkeepsie. A day or two more and we shall
have boats front Albany.
SHIP NEWS-PORT or ALEXANDRIA.
AnaVtD, MARCH 8.
Sehr Troubadour, Thomas, New Orleans; pork and lard to John
Schr Sun, Ryder, Charleston; lumber to W. Fowles & Son.
A number ef bay and river crafr, with usual cargoes.
Sales This Day.
HORSE AT PUBLIC AUCTION.-On Thursday
morning next, at 10 o'clock, we shall sell, in front of our
auction store, a roan Pony, by order (f the State Department, for
specie or its equivalent.
mar9-3t E DYER & CO.
FARMI0,G UTENSILS, VALUABLE STOCK,
i)AIRY ARTICLES, &c.-On Thursday next, the
I1th instant, at 11 o'clock A. M. we shall sell, at the residence of
Mr. Alexander Kyle, on the heights directly north ef the West
Market, all his faimin utensils, valuable stock, dairy articles,&c.
amongst which will be found carts, ploughs, and harrows; tubs,
tin pans, cheesepress, and all the appurtenances to a dairy. Se-
veral firkins of best quality butter; 23 covs, somine of them with
calves, 2 horses, and same hogs.
Also, one of Eastman's Patent Straw Cutters.
Terms of sale: All sums of and under $20, cash : over $20, a
credit of six months, for notes sflisfactorily Pndorscd.
EDWARD DYER & CO.
mar 8-dif Auctioneers.
St)N EY V'OUN ).-Tie suLs'riber found, on Monday
last, a small pocket book containing money, which he
would be happy to restore to the owner.
moar t11-3t V. UADSBY, Gadshy's Hotel.
I LS.-Rich Chene, Plaid, Otard, Helemim, and Poult de
Sole Silks, entirely new, spring styles, and excellent quali-
ty, this day opened and for sale by
mar lt-3t WINGED & BRADLEY.
ICUi SI'EING Gt)ODS.-We will open to day-
t100 pieces super ard medium Lawns, Muslins, and Jaconets
75 do French Chiniz, assorted
3at0 do English Chintz, remarkably rich in style and
WINGERD & BRAULHx.
LACK AND BIUE-BLACK SILKS AND
B FRENCII BOMBASINS.-We will receive to-day
our spring supply of the above-named goods, which is unusually
large and well assorted.
mar I t-3t WINGED & BRADLEY.
50 pieces single-milled Tweeds, for spring wear
50 do ribbed and plain Gambroon
25 do rich Cashmere and Valencia Vestings.
Also, Suspenders, Silk and Kid Gloves, Stocks, Scar, Cra-
vats, Silk and Cotton Half hose, &o. &c. &c.
mar 11t-3l WINGERD & BRADLEY.
1.iht Silks of every shade
Jaconets, Cambries, and Lawns
Chintzes and Muslins, new style
Diapers and Damasks, assorted
linen Shirtings and Sheetings
tHuckerback, Dowlas, end other towellirgs
Kid, Silk, and Mohair Gloves
White and Black Nets andl Tulle
Black and White Silk Hose and Half-hose
Also, a great variety of other seasonable goods, which purcha-
sers are invited to call and examine.
mar 11 WINGERD & BRADLEY.
ALk|,',F EXCELLENT HOUSEI i)LI) FUR-
S NITURE.-On Wednesday morning next, the 17th inst.,
at 10* o'clock, we shall sell at the residence of Capt. F. Black, on
E street, between 6;.h and 7th; all his excellent and well-kept
Household and Kitchen Furniture, comsistiog of, in part, as follow:
Mahogany and hir-rseat chairs and stfa
Mahogany dining and card tables, mahogany sideboard
Marble top centre and pier tables, gilt pier glass
Handsome and fiue toned German piano forte, made by Stein
Moreen and muslin window curtains and ornaments
Handsome Brussels Carpets and Wi'tn rugs, workktand
Handsome mantel, astral, and other lamps
Sets casters, dinner set, gilt tea set, Britannia ware
Cut-glass tumblers, wines, decanters, celeries, &c.
Brass andirons, fenders, shovel and tongs, clock
Excellent ingrain chamber, passage, and stair carpets, stair
Mahogany and'maple high and French post bedsteads, bed
and window curtains
Bost feather beda and bedding, hair mattresses
Dressing and other bureaus, mahogany waiting desk
Mahogany dressing table, maple colored wardrobe
Marble top and other mahogany waahatands
Toilet sets, chamber andirons
Shovel, tongs and fenders, stove
Chamber chairs, toilet glasses, medicine chest
Table linen, napkins, &c., easy chair, &c.
With a good lot of kitchen articles, amongst which is an excellent
rotary cooking stove, with apparatus, and a doom attached.
Tertus: All sums of and under $20, cash ; over $20, a credit of
four and six months, for notes satisfactorily endorsed, bearing in-
tereit. ED. DYER& CO.
mar ll-dta AnetionMeers.
DRAWN NUMBERS OFP POKOMOKE RIVER
LO TTERY, CLAss 33.
68 67 2 14 37 12 28 39 38 61 1 19 49 7
JAS, pHALEN & CO. Managers,
mar 11-It Pea, AAuep, aot"f 4W 4itreet,
DEBATE ON TREASURY NOTE BILL.
SPEECH OF MR. TRIPLETT,
On the bill providing for an issue of Treasury Notes.
HOUSE OF REPFs eENTATIVES, FEBRUARY 2, 1841.
Mr. TietPETT rose ani said: Mr. Chairman, the best re-
turn I can make fir any attention which the committee may
give to me during the remarks I have to submit upon this
m)ment-,iu subject will be to consume as small a portion of
its tine as the duty which I owe to my constituents and to
myself wil permit. This 1 promise to do. I shall, there.
t',e, decline following the gentleman from New York (Mr.
V.ND;RpoiKL) in his dissertations upon leg cabins and Whig
pricplc.i. 1 am rather inclined to think thnt the gentleman
know as little about Whig principles as he does of log cabins
If he would vi-it the latter a little if'ener, possibly lie might
learn what Whig principles arc, and learn to love them. itf,
however, Gen. Harristi, when he arrives here, houlil think
propsirto alopt the advice of tiht genlem in, and, instead mt
taking posiesioni of the White House at the other end of the
aove ue,should take up hi- abode in t' e log cabin at the foit of
the hill, (pointing to the West,) I would advise the gentleman
to visit him there; and h n might then possibly learn, through
tie rough, rimle metre of a log cabin song, something of tliose
maxims which, [ hope and believe, will guide General Har-
riion it) his administration of the affairs of this Government.
Onie of these metres, I recollect, reads in this way :
N) Prices, or S.vartw,,tu, or sich deceivers
ShMlh be appointedC ash Receivers ;
And no man what is given to grm,'bin,
Sh dll ever enter this Log Cabin."
If KinA'lrhook senior, who now inhabits the White House,
had practised same of these I ig cabin principles, it is possible
that he might have been re-ilecred to the Presidency; and
ihom it tngtt have been possible that my lrimnd from New
Yiik would have consented to be a candidate for re-eleciiin.
I unmlrstan I that he declines to ie so. He will, therefore,
have two ears' leisure before hinm. I advise him in the in-
tirln to visit sorie of the log cabins oif the West; where,
'perchance, he might mnet with astern reply to some ot hii
insinuations about British banik-bought Whigs, and the in-
fluence of British gold in the "recent election That is
also reduced to metre-rough, it is true, but as strong as it is
rough. It is as follows:
"A Kentumkian's vote can never be bought,
Try it woo may, or can ;
All the British gold that ever was told,
Can't buy one honest man."
If one hundred and sixty thousand voters were purchased
by British gold to vote for General Harrison, or, to use the
genlemnan'a own classical expression, for" Tip and Ty," I
take it for.granted that those voters could net have been
Whigs. The Whigs intended to vote fir those names with-
out Briitish gold ; and if British gold has been emoiloyed in
buying up di nocratic votes, the gentleman from New York
inuit blaeo his democratic friends for being so easily pur-
Bat, Mr. Caairrnan, the brief space of time I have before
me warns me that I must not follow the gentleman from New
York, through his poetry in prose." By the bye, it ap-
peared, from soma of the observations of the gentleman, that
he cherishes an extraordinary hatred against poetry. He
sayi that his colleague (Mr. BARNARD) wrote a book of poe-
try; and that the gentleman from Maine (Mr. EvaNs) wrote
another. Now, there is this difference between the poetry
and prose of these two gentlemen, and the" poetry in prose"
of the gentleman from New York ; they put their poetry in
a ho ik by itself: it does niat appear in their speeches. But
the gentlemin from New York puts his poetry and prose so
promi;euoasly together, that it is beyond the power of the
p, or alemnhbic of my wits to separate them. Yes, and the log
cabtinmen of t'
er, smmamof them might understand and repel in a way not
much to his liking. But, let me now come to his facts, fig-
ures, and arguments, fior it is with them that my business lies.
The first/fact with which the gentleman sets out is a most
extraordinary one; it is, that a cry of a national debt has
been raised lby the Whig party, in order to justify an extra
session of Congress. Now, I have never seen so much mis-
representation crammed into so short a sentence. There are
in it two remarkable misstatements. First, he hegs the ques-
tion that the Whig party wish an extra session ; anid upon
that gratuitous assumption he grounds the position thatthere
is ino national debt. It is a sort of negative pregnant. 1 de-
iny for myself; I deny in behalf of the Whig members ofthis
House; 1 deny in behalf of a large portion of the Whig
members of the other branch of Congress with whom I have
conversed ; I cay, I deny that there is onae solitary member
in or out of this House who desires that there should be an
extra session, unless it be demanded by imperious necessity
We may be driven to that alt,.rnative to prevent other and
Greater evils. An extra session is an evil to be deprecated;
we all acknowledge that. But there are other and still great-
er evils to lie apprehended, and it may be necessary to adopt
the lesser evil that we may avoid the greater. Oie of these
greater revils I now come to speak or. It is this : that it ii
w absolutely necessary for this Government to preserve our na-
tional honor and protect our national faith by paying our na-
tional debta.. I a-k gentlemen of the opposite party to lend
me their aid for the accomplishment of this great obj,,ct; 1
re'q'ire it of then; I know some of them are sincere in their
desire to dto so. I knaw thatI the very respectable chairman
of the Coin nimttee of W;.ys, t nd Means (Mr. JONES) is sin.
cere; iand thit he does nut wish Gen. Harrison to lie driven
to th- necessity o(f calling an extra session,; fior it is upon
the Presidenit the responsihility is thrownii by thie Consituo-
tin, of convening both Houses of Congress, when, in his
opinion, the iubbito exig.incies require it; and I ask the
eirairnan of the Committee of Ways end Means, anti his
frienls, to attend to mne for a few monmiens, whilst I point out
the means by whicli that necessity can be avoided.
I tiave p'eliared a short tab!tl, to which I beg leave to call
the e-pecial atiemtion if the committee by whi,-h 1 think I
shall ie abte to demnMirate that unless the chairmnta, of the
Committee of Ways and Means and the party with which
hlie is acting interpose promptly, an extra session will be in-
What is the state of your Treasury 7 That is the first
matter which wilt naturally attract the attention of the new
President. The Secretary nf the Treasury, in his annual
report, transmitted on the ten'h day of December last, seat-
ed that there woold ite found in the Trse-tmiv on the first
day of Jinoary, 184l, a surplus of 81,590,855. That was
the estimate ; that was the prophecy. Now let us ascertain
tI what extent this estimate or ithi prophecy has been vetifi-
ed by the event. Why are wenow in committee Is it not
foe the very porpo'e of raising the ways and means to pay
tff part of the diebts contrac'd previous to that time, and
which the Treasury has no means f paying, notwithsiand
ing the balance estimated to le in the Treasury on that day I
What has become of that balance? The truth is, it never
was there. But let me go back. I have prepared a table,
showing the present state of the Tre.sury, talking every
wrd of the report of the Secretary of the Treasury to te
true, f-r tile purpose of showing that, taking the extraordi-
atry receipts and extraordinary expenlitnr".s of the years
18t0 andi 141t ,the extra ordinary means which will be re-
q nrid in 18tl to meet appr, piaiions already made iy Con-
geess will be uliwards if $9,000,000 greater than the extra-
ordinary expenditures of 1840; thus:
Ortintry receipts of 1840 $17,197,763 01i
Itilance in Treassry 1st January $2.246,74-9 O0
Ejxtraorditmary receipts 8,790 0tt0 00
Toaal receipts of 1840 23,234.512 O0
Ordinary earpeinditures for 1840 22,489,349 5t
[:,..i..d n ,,i sp,..a titircsfor 1840 4,154,306 62
'1' ,I t'rll. 'tuo., 1840 26,643,658 12
Prom extraordinary receipts in 1840
of 11,036,749 00
Deduct extraord nary expenditures
in 1840 4,154,306 62
Leaving a balance in favor of the
Treasury, in 18t0, of 6,882,442 38
Ordinary receipts of 1841 estima-
ted at 22,580,000 00
Extraordinary receipts 662,618 00
Estimated balance in the Treasu-
ry ist January, 1841 1,580,855 00
Total receipts for 1841 estimated at 24,823,473 00
Ordinary expenditures for 184t
estimnted at 19,250.000 00
Extraordinary expenditures for
1841 eatitiated, but created by
ants of 1840 4,692,200 00
Dertdnt extraordinary receipts in
1841 2,243,473 00
Leaving a balance against the Treasury in 1841 of 2,253,373 00
Add the balance in favor of the Treasury in 1840 6,8S2,442 38
Making a difference of 9,135,815 38
in favor of 184U; that is to say, taking the extraordinary expen-
ditures thrown upon 1841, and the extraordinary ,ieans furnish-
ed to pay them by Congress, and the eapenditires thrown upon
18410, and the means turnishoel to pay them by Congress, and
there is a difference between the extraordinary receipts and ex-
penditures of 1840 and 1841 of the sun, of 8$9,135,815 38; and
if the ordinary receipts and ordinary expenditures of the two
years are thel sa:e, there must eventually be a deficiency in the
revenue to ti it amount. ,
[While Mr. TRIPLETTrr was commenting on the item of
$1580,855, estimated as the balance which the Secretary of
the Treasury supposed would bea in the Treasury-
Mr. Jo ss rose and said, Mr. Chairman, with the leave of
the gentlen',n from Kentucky, I will explain.
Mr. JosNEs's remarks were indistinctly heard by the Re-
potter, buitt h was understood to say that $1,580,855 was on-
ly an estimate by the Secretary of the Treasury, anid the data
on which that esatimat- was founded were given in another
part ofI the document, &c.J
Mr. TtipLugrTe. I will come to that part of the document
by anoi by. andl I will show, if I understand the matter, that
th ,se P l '5Tll .i5 con-isted in Treasury nowes, subsequently
is, el.. I have, however, constructed Ithis table upoin that re-
y.,ri, hit 1 have also constructed another, which shows that
things are even worse.
Oie of the reductions nf five per cent. on tIhe amount of
duties lividI ol imports takes place in 1841. Yet the Secre-
y" of the Tr ts., e in ia s 'h.l anv...int Ito be received from
aiilit, ihi :;.t )y..r ~it 9,0tvQtv0 wble ib;Swtuai r-
Sceips of the first three quarters of 1840 were only $10,687,- to the five millions proposed to be raised by this bill, (sand
884 79; to which, if you add one-fiurth more for the fourth for which, I suppose, most of us will vote,) you have the sum
quarter, yiu have the sum of 13 30.' 3tt; 98. Would it nol of eight hundred thousand dollars for the sedentary militia;
have been fair for the present Secretary of the Treasury, and you must add to that the sum of nearly two hundred
when making an estimate fir his successor, to have supposed thousand dollars, as the gentleman from Vifgimia (Mr. MAL-
that the increased prosperity of the country, and other favor- LORav) tells us, for due bills is-u d andi payable on the slet day
able causes, would not have been greater than sufficient to of January, or 1st day ofApril, at Old Point Comfort, which
counterbalance the reduction of five per cent. in the revenue have not yet been piid and for which no estimates have
provided for by the compromise act I 1 have taken that as been sent in. Are not tiesedue bils debts which you have
the basis on which 1 have constructed this second tab!e, thus. succeed in throwing upon the coming Administialton, and
The ordinanryrevenue of 1840, from allpouree, was 8i7,179,763 which that Atlmnimtistratiton will be compielled to pay I They
The ordinary expenditures o every kind were 22,489,349 must either do so, ot Ihey mustr dishonor your drafts, and say
Showing that ihc revenues or receipts did not meet that }ou have not acted according to lxw. You i must take
the expenses by 2,:91,586 either one horn of the dienmta or the oiither. The Se:rlretary
Add the ditflr-ncei as shown by the first table, of o; War has already a-k. id a i oppriopriatiin oft hivo atd a half
tihe extraordinary i xienditures above the extraur- miltion.-, of which this $800,000 is a part, I suppose. Aild
dinary receipts thrown upoa,1841 2,253373 i this, artJ then you have a tbl made up of something like
And you have tie sut of 4,544 959 i-gteen nr twenty mnillits of dollars, ivwtnch the next Ad:ni-
WVhch you nt-t I)vime fur (unless yu nento ,o in adt- lustration will have to lipv. Tio lie sure, some ot this iletit
thoc yu ms | defr(unmless youi d n ten$1to0 o 54 d5 may not fll on lth- ye..r1841; it may fall onl the year 1813.
ing to your national det) in addition to the $10,549955 Of But here is the duffi.renec; when the heavy itenm oh unappro-
,itstanung appropriate ions, which you are now creating a priated balances tell last vyar upon 1840, there was a balaice
tdi-t of $5 000,000 Tre a-ury notes to ipay in part.to ,b h Treasury .4 neatly true muli,. ns ,f dollars mt com-
Thlis brings m;ma to reply hur fly itoi thi anurtiOent of the mence with ; whereas this balance falis upon tie year 1841,
geNtleman from NeN York, (Mr.VANDFRPani.Jwho, I think, whim-h fidls us wiih an empty and txhaustnd Treasury.
has totally miatapprehontde.l the Sccretary of the Treasury in t What, then, us the renuedy 7 We must fllb Iark ion thie
his estimnats. If I understood thegen lean cor'ecul'. be second pln prepared by the Stertary of the Treasury.
s6id that ot,.v the sumn of $3,74 904 of the 910.549955 rt There is a permanent national debt. I now seize upon this
the outstandling appropriations would be required to be ex- as an agutmn.ni in support of the point to which I am now
pended in 1841. This was his assertion; and, at the time lie coming, ad which is, to sallow that we mustin somme sure
made it, I turned my head back anrd told him hie was mistake, reLulate the tatiff. This mirings ime to say a few words in re-
le then repeated theassertion, hut it is most a~surodly wrong, ply to the genml mran from Virgiuia, (Mr. WiseI
for both the suuns of $6,66t123 and 53 1t'.,lI9 1 will e re- I am intaevor-and 1 think a nnmjj.rity of the Whifi party
quired for the service o f the year 1841. I .-h...- this, I call of this House; of the Whigr pry tihrtughout the Ui.-m ;
ime attention of he committee lo the cons'ruction of the sel- and, in fact, a maj >riy of four filths if ahli the People are in
tence i, thie report. Thei true meaning of the Secretary can favor-of laying upon wines, si ks, birandies, laces, andm ether
only b- asceriained by distinctly tracing outtowhat the word articles of luxury, at least as high a duty as will raise tle
them," which occurs three times in the sentence, has refer- revenue suilitieint ito mert ihe economical wants of the Gov-
ence. The staience reads as fAollows: eraitnent.
"The Departmenta calculate that $6.661,123 of the old appro- I may be told that lhis is tariffs doctrine. Well, to si)me
priations will he required to complete tie purposes -. ,in l., co- exilent, I ami a tanff man. But justice rnureoilte hat, in rais-
tilated by ten. iug revenue, the duties be sO laid as ilbe thie least felt by the
"They propose to apl y abot 3,749,904 of them to tio ser- People themselves. I anm tnot going into an argument (for it
su tt no irim a i i C r o ow that a tariff upon wines, dilks, laces,
uttue ,, a ..in. ,, 'u 'ithois reapprcitdiulgo toan thme trpesi me unnecessary) ) show that tariff" upuon wimics, silks, laces,
tic, a ,... .. rF- ., it is expected, will go to the surpl d t i eri e- tbi n us by onef mily
fimnd. Theyestimnate thie wholeof them at the close of tihe year to a nd the like articles-things which are not used Iy one family
be Slt1,549 955." in a hundred to he extent of a single dollar-can r e better
What do these three thems refer to7 Certainly to appro- borne, iland ill le more willingly paid, and less felt biy the
piations alneasy mademey rer andto pa riny t appro- great mass of the People, than a tariff lad, its it is now, up-
priations already made by C congress ; and, to ply them, looney o what are, to Some extent, necessaries of life.
must be placed in the Treasury by Consressori on what are, to some e t, cesaoies f lte.
ustbeeTreasury y Congress, or hymost go 1I am willing atd anxious to continue our present tariff of
unpaid. The construction I have given to the sewence is c .ne pte a ile lu gr tiat f
most certainly correct, as any gentleman may see who will per ent. ton protected articles; but I go one step further.
ost ertaily correct, as any gentleman may see who ir a particular interest, which is represented on this
turn to the table at the back of the Secretary's report. The Luckfloor, so far as K tuc'k is concerned s, by myself apntd some
left hand column commences thus : or, so far as Ketucky is conrred, y yself ad ome
on three or four of my c ,. i ..- and by some twenty members
Amounts required to complete the service of the present find from other States, the present situation of the Treasury and
fuler years, though they tay not be calledfur until safte, the of the tariff laws seemns tit present a favorable opportunity to
Close ofthe year 1840." remedy the evils under which that interest labors, without
Not being called for," (continued Mr. T.) that is to say, coming in conflict with the views of other gentlemen repre-
the drafts not being presented until after 1810, the money sientiing the other great interests of the country. The parti-
must be in the Treasury after 1840 to meet these drafts, or ciular interest, to which I have alluded, is the tobacco interest
else tie Treasury is bankrupt. Gentlemen, I suppose, will of the United States; the essential interest of five S'ales of
acknowledge that. Arid what is the amount Instead of this Union, with a population of at least a million and a half.
beiti $3719000, it is $6,661,123 52 in addition; making Andt here I come to reply to a few of" .... ....i. t l..
$10,411,027, appropriated in 1810 and in previous years, but i-,r,,, riur senting the Acomack ih ir, ,u iVi',,.,,
which has to be paid in 1841. (M,. %\%-,,) and whom I am glad to see in hisseat.
Now, let us turn back for a moment and see of what the I call his attention now to this qunoe.tiin of the tobacco in-
itnem of $3,7-9,000 it composed. It is composed of amounts tirest, which I in part represent. I say it is oppressed to art
which will not be rcqiired far the service of the present extent of which no man in this Huiouse has the most distant
year, and which may therefore be applied in aid'of the ser- idea. When I demonstrate to you, as I shall, what that ex-
vice of 1841. Ia aid! Appropriations applied in aid of tent is, will you fold your arms in ilencci V Will you say to
the Treasury in 1811 It is not nec-ssary that the money -.,,,, .1 as we are to thie dut, you must still heat your
should be re-appropriated, hut it is neces-ary that the money -u.J-. i' Well ; I can hear tli-m ; my constituents can
should le in the Treasury to pay these appropiiations bear them; but they wil gnash their teeth %.d .d.I!., v
the Treasury as the sum of $6,000,000 and adl. Is not this say to ithe gentl-man from Virginia, (Mr. Wis.,) that I do
palpable? Wiil it not be called for in 18417 Certainly. not think h e has studied this subject as he is wont to study
And what are your means o pay it 1 I, bar one, taking this those great national questions which.he is compelled to dis-
document furnished by the Secretary of file Treasury as cuss here. Hle does not represent a tobacco region. He,
true, (lo not see how the means are to be in the Treasury to therefore, has not been compelled,as I have been, to study the
pay time drafts drawn upon it under laws already passed bhy suhjict in all its bearings; he has taken it up incidentally, as
Congress. Suppose that, immediately after Gem. H-arrisomn a part of his national duties. But it has been the object of
enters upon the administration of the Government, not pos- my especial inquiry. Let me tfll him all the facts, and if his
sessing this cabalistic power to postpone, hby subsidiary con- American blood does not stir within him-if bis chivalric cha-
tracts," payments for work done or services rendered, as we rafter is not called into action-if the ire even of the states-
are informed has been heretofore dune at Old Poiit Comfort man is net aroused, I can only say that I have mistaken the
-not desiring to exercise the power which we are told has man himself.
been exercised at Boston under the present Administration, The tobaccoofthe United States, when landed in England,
where you are building a custom-house without paying your is taxed seventy-five cents per pound, being upwards of eight
hands, hut postponing those payments also to the first day of hundred per cent. on the original cost. %\\ u the gen le-ian
January or first day of April, 1841; suppose, I say, that a point out to me what other product of the United Slates is
draft for these iix millions and odd dollars, and fir the three taxed to the.same extent in any nation in Europ I I have
millions and odd, should be presented at the Treasury, what been sked ,Iby the gentleman from Pennsylvania, why does
means have you provided to pay them I Will the live mil- this tobacco interest stand prominently distinguished from the
lions which you propose to raise by this bill meet them 7 If grain-growing or the cotton interest 1 Let me r- ply, that
not, I ask the genmean from Viruinia (Mr. JoNEs) and his cotton, worth twelve cents per pound here, is taxed only hour
party whether they do not thus compel Gen. Harrison to cell cents in England; while tobacco, worth eight cents per pounds
an extra session, i n order to prevent the faith of the nation here, is taxed seventy-five cents : in other words, tihe one is
from being prostrated both at home and abroad 1 It is as ne- taxed 33t per cent. the other 800 per cent. And my grain-
cessary to pay our debts at home as it is to pay them abroad, growing and cotton-growing friendlscan look with great equa-
And this deficiency in tihe Treasury is permanent. It is in nimity ,in the misfortunes of their neighbors. Thle shuedoes
vain to tell me, when we have now Treasury notes outstand- not pinch them ; and, therefore, they ask why we cuomn here
ing to the amount of upwards of four millions and a half; with our conmplaints-why we held a convention-and why
when you come here and alk for five millions more by thi. we wish to make this particular interest prominent 7 The
bill ; andt when your revenue is annually, regularly, and from reason is this: if, under the safety-valve tariff of Great Bri-
natural causes diminishing-I say it is in vain to tell me that tain, which taxes wheat flour at finrty per cent, bth graitn-
thin tm fi iencv in the Treasury is not permanent, growing disir.ets grumble, how much more cause have we to
How, then, will you remedy it 7 There is a mode pointed complain when our staple is taxed to the amount of 800 per
out hy the Secretary of the Treasury, (as to which I have a cent. 7 Is not Ihe simple statement of this fact sufficient to
fiew remarks to make,) and a most extraordinary mode it is. rouse us into action 1
At page 10 of his annual report he says: Let us take a look at the other side of this picture. One of
"It has already been shown that the whule amount of receipts the advantageswhich weexpi-cted to derive firs frum nour Con-
in 1841 %ill probably be ,ufficient to discharge all ordinary ex federation, and afterwards from the union of the States. was
pendimrer., and tho.oe parts of the osmnt,inimug debt. funded or protection t t the commercial intere-s of every Stale. Ken-
miunrded, which imuy become due. But the presernvaiou of a tucky gave up toi the Generl Government, as did Virmitiam
sniale h -i-uice i, the Treasmty o may r'q mire oore than what and [i the other States, the power of protectivmt ler sgricul.
w ll probably b left af ter s isfig Uther purpies." tural interest's abroad. We are, ihert-fotre, ronip led to ap-
Aiid then he points out a mode by which this end can be peal to Conmgress for that protiec-ton which we cannot afford
accomplished, as follows : to oursm-vs. L, t us se,. how fur this proleeion is extmlnded
The raising ftany simn for uhat 0oiject in 181 cou'di, however, t,, us. What is the amount of our tariff on Eurlish imp ots 7
he ohbviatedh b v utiolinr;zinzai a contract i,i t ir,e a.ls, un.ler vroir Great Biain, as I have shown, rtceivs Irom us ounr tb-co
restricmi ms. extending the period of payment for a portion of ait a tax ,f 75 rents per pound, or 800 per cent. We receive
the temporary liabilities falting due inthat year." from her fitty-six millions of imports per year, and we lax
This continuedd Mr. T.) is practising on the Old Point thrm at 12J per cent.; that is tit say, shu taxes our tobacco
Comfort doctrines again-doctrines which will thus become sixty limes as high as we tax the produces of her labor here.
notr-iou- in the fiscal annals of this nation. 1 thin fur 7 Will any high-minded man, whose blood is
Nov, I call upon any candidly man to answer this question : drawn from the vtins of Revolutlionary ancestors, subinit
Are inot all the-eexieiiins of piaytmenit, iii fact, a creationof tamely to this oppression, or say that we nought to do suI I
t national debt 7 Is it not mintest ihAt, when money is due honesily believe that the evil nerds only to be understood in
for wrk done and material furnished, and yiu postpone the this House t.i be remedied.
payment to another year, to that extent yi.u have contracted But France hasserved this tob icco interest even worse than
a debtt The remedy ot the Secretary or the Treasury, then, nm'.land. And here I ask the especial attention of the cotm-
is a nati-n< I debt. To lie sure, he baptifzes his child by a mutee to another fact. France m-nopolizes the whole of our
different name; but that is an art which may be learned anild tbaero trad?- in the hands of the Kimg, or of those to whom
has been practised in tins House, as well as by the Secretary he sell- the privilege: this document (House doe. No. 229, 1stI
of the Treasury. Names are most significant things nmw.a- Sess. 2fith Cing ) tells us that it is in, the hands of Mr. Ro-
days. The creation of it national deb'. is called a posipone- gers and six or seven others. How much ido they import 7
ment to a imtore convenient season of the payment of the public [I 1839, they imported ino France .about seven tiouiand
dues. hogsheaids. Make the (alaulation fr yourselves. At fifty
I now ask attien'iion to the I ,-,, passage, which imme- rio:lionsof'r .,.' .... i,;.,., i n,- i .I ten rillioius of ,,llars,)
diateily fol-hws that I have j.st read:u it i, a tarnf .., :. II: a m -, .:.., .eadoftohfo acc ; tat is
Yet, in the opinion of the m undersianel, tihe best moleu of pro- to say, these gentlemen pay to the King that un as t fax on
vi.ling for this case woulI be, wirtluut either an extension of tits each hogshead.
kind -rmlo in .or a further issue of Treasury notes, or a change The gentleman from Virginia says if we tax French wines
in the tam ff, but merely by le-ssning thu appropriuiur.s ton the and silket, tim rem lialion for their hii.h tax on our tobacco, we
service of 1841 louow time "t,-utcus or by mdosing such, deslara- thereby dimi .ish the consumption of these articles, and lessen
tninmy ciausv a- to time turesenit tatif, and snc acts m- t thu oubhc the means of France to purchase oar cotton, rice, and tobacco.
tends, as have hieretlore been urged no thi coosideratiou of Con- It would be a sufficient reply to this argument for me to say
Ses' s that France, by it r high taxes and restrictions on our tobac-
Who made these estimates, continued Mr. T.t Did not no, diminishes the consumption of that article in, France, and
the Secretary of the Treasury himself make them ott accord- lessens our means to purchase her wines and silks ; that she
ing to huwm And what did the law require him to do t To commenced thi warcfin, and continued it for fifty years ot
tmke out such esuimuates as were necessary for the puthlc h-r pal-, against our repeated remonstrances, b, fore we lifted
good, and ,,o more. Is not ihis an acknowledgment that his a hand lht onr own defence. Bat a full answer to this and
own estimates are not abisolutehy necessary fon the public all similar o-jueclions is furnished by the fact slated by the
g'utou T7 ,. !gentleman hit-si If, that a tax orm French wines, brandies, and
[Mr. JoNEs here explained, that the estimates for the other silks wi diminish their consumption here, notwithstanding
Departments were not madeout by the Secretary of the Trea- is arfiment, in an eerlisr pail nf his speec, to prove 'hat
sury, and that he was rot answerable foir them, they being (he high tax levied" by France on our tobacco did not diminish
mame out ty the Secretaries of the Navy, Wsr, &e.] its consomnltion there, amud was no injury to the American
Mr. TaiPLfc-TT. If the gentleman from Vmrginiaiscorrect, tobacco planter -
how does he account foir this most unexplainable sentence, at When the producers of Fremnhl wines, brandies, andt silks
page 2 of the Secretary of the Treasury's report 7 In spmaking find the demand for these products of their industry dimin-
of the estimates for the fourth quarter of the year 1840, he fishing, they will naturally inquire into the cause, and will
says: learn that, while heretofore their wines were admitted into
mE~timates imy tlbs Department (though higher by the others) America at a duty of five cents a gallon, or ten per cent. on
for all expenses during the fourth quarter, $S,000,000." their first cost, and their silks duty free, which caused a large
Here we have the positive admission of the Secretary of amount of these articles to ba consumed hrre, their King tax-
the Treasury that the estimates of the other departments ed American tobacco one dollar a pound, or one thousand per
have heen diminished by him down to his own standard. cent.,which caused a very smallqquanti'yofthatarticle, com-
This, I think, is a complete answer to the gentleman frqm pafttively speaking, to be consumed in France; that the
Virginia, (Mr. JONeS.) The heads of theotherdepartments Americans, to countervail this duty, and cause it to he taken
said in their estimates what they believed the public service off, had taxed the wines, silks, and brandies of France, which
required. The Secretary of the Treasury razees them down caused a smaller quantity of them ti be used thire now.
to what he says are indispensably necessary for the public What is ihe next question the-French producer of wines and
service. And yet, in another part of his report, he points silks would ask, Mr. Chairman 7 It is this, sir, it is this:
out as one ot the means wtiuch his successors may use to pay What remedy is there for this evil 7 Is there no honorable
off the debt he has created, that they may diminish their ap- method of getting these burdensome duties taken off of these
proprialions below his estimates. I may, by possibility, be products of our industry And they will he told it is a part
mistaken; I know that the gentleman from Virginia under- of American policy-a part of the law which put on thrsedun-
stan.'ts these things better than I do. I am bet a young mem- ties-that whenever the King of France dirminiihed or took
her of Congress, and it is only lately that I have turned my off his duties on American tobacco, theduties are to be dimi-
attention to this department of our business. But 1 felt it to nished in the same proportion or taken off of French wines,
be-my duty to o -k into these matters, and I shall do it. I brandies, and silks. And you will quickly hear of conven-
cannoi admit that the Secretary of the Treasury is not bound tions similar to ours, and petitions and memorials from the
to supervise these estimates or that he is at liberty to send wine and -,k p,s...Ar, of France, calling upon their Chamber
them here unless lie thinks Ihem reasuonal.le and proper, of Deputies to abolish the Regie, or monontoly of the tobacco
But to his remedies-and that is a subject in which I feel trade, and reduce the duty on that article to a reasonable
a derp interest. What is his remedy for the payment of a standard. Anid here let me remark, Mr. Chairmanti, that no-
national debt of about four millions anid a half of outstanding where, net even in this Hlall, is public sentiment morequiek-
Treasury notes, in addition to the five millions we are now ly felt and answered to ih..n in the French Chamber of De-
about to create, and the amountit created by the postponement puties: a million and a Luhlt of their constituents never asked
of payments on contracts until some more conveu.ient season'? in vain fr a redress ot'anv grievance.
which hasalready been done; it has been done in the district The gentleman from Virginia (Mr. WisE) read the ouher
of my friend who sits before me, (Mr. MAt.t.oRY,) and who, day, from a document fornished to him by a friend, some eta-
probably, can tell you more of the matter than I can. tistics, feels, and argumentsof a different character from what
The remedy is to reduce the estimates. I have shown that I am in the habit of using, anrid I calbd on him then to. say
this is a matter of impossibility as regards the coming Ad- from whence that document came, but he denl'nedl doing it.
ministration, because they will not have had time to enter Now, Mr. Chairman, I state, upon the authority furnished
upon such an investigation as will enal+lI them to act under- by our Treasury Department, that our imports front France
tandingly, as the present Secretary of the Treasury might, are much gra',er than our exports to that country. Fr ex-
Why did not he p int, out the riprticulars in which the"" ap- amole: Taking an aversare of three years, from October I,
pronfrritions could be lessened 1 will point out sime par- 1835, to September 30, 1838, lhe annual average of the total
ticul:irs in which his estimates ought to have been increased. am,-unt of inportations from France was $25,490,276, while
His sedentary militia in Florida has to be clothed, and fed, the annual average of the total exports of the United States
and paid, and found wiih ammunition ; yet, fmr all this, no to France was only $18 804,398, being only three-fourths of
estimates were sent in: yet this, I suppose, is one of the ob- the amount ofourimports.
jets in which reduction may be made. Added, then, to those But 1 have othor evidence besides this. I yesterday receiv.-
Vutlttndiig Treaury note of four and a hlif illin1 kind d f0rom h 9swrtiary of the Trewjury, in reply tw eNS t
addressed to him by me, the following statement of the amount huge paw upon them, and says, You shall not sell them till
of imports from and exports to France during the years end- you have given me four-fifths. Will you submit to this I p
ing 1838-'9, which I will now read for the information of the trust not. This maybe ap inauspicious moment at which to
gentleman from Virginia and of the committee, moot this question. 1 know that, it being now near the end
5i.,l.'irnt of the amount of imports from ad exports to of Congress, aend when it is understood that the tariff of
.',-ancn during the years ending on the 301 September, 18:12 vill have to be revised at the ensuing session, it may be
1838 and 1839. said, Wait, bring your grievances then, andl we will hear you.
~_______._______i___________If I cu!d only bear a consoling voice-if 1 could only be as-
sured that next yVar, whme, from necessity, ithe tariff must be T
Value of exports, revised, yon would hear us, I would promise, if I could, to bya
meet youu hire, and claim your attention then. I would tie- coru
Yearsend'g Val'ie ofim |g mand your attention as a maitl r of j stice, nrot of favor, to
pots. Domestic Foreign pro Total. my constituents, an l to the constituents ot some twenty-eight
I produce, dice. or twenrty-nine ither members of this Hlouue. aR
__ _______ ______ Mr. Crihairman, the clock warns me that I have but a few fr ul
S 0 8 754 momn-nts remaining I regret to bi thus circumscribed, al- tr
Sep. 30, 1338 $17 771,797 l4H,52t,414-$1,`260.102 l5,783516 though I voluntarily imposed a limit upon myself, ii order oe
Sel,. 30, 1839 32,531,3,1 15,966,108 2,26-1,841 18,23i1,949 that I might not interfere with the wishes of other members. m'nt
______ I regret that it is nut i, my power to lay before the House ilrn
NOTE.-htb- a-.ounts fur 1840 are not crimplele. sonnme othitr facts that are iu my possession. thr,
TsREASUY DEPARTMENT, lcgister's office Jan 29, 18,t1. [.ir. CSARY h ere rosr and sioid that the gentleman from h
T. L. .MaITHi, Regi.tLcr. Kentucky (Mr. TRIPLVrT) had stated that a dluty of 40 pr Alt
I do not know (continued Mr. T.) who furnished the facts cent. was laid upom wheat in England.l He(Mr.C.) wished
an) st lmetnits relied upon by the g ntleman from Virginia to know by what rule thie gi.tlelnan arrived at that conclu- tho
but I do know riom whence the aigumetis came whici he sioIn 7]m
read tothise,>mmilee. And here, tor the purpnseofrmaking Mr. TniPLeTrr. By reference to documents from the De- met
the mt tter more iteilugble, I mmust go bacmi k a little. it -- Partents. The tariff of Great Britain on wheat and flour i,hat
as it may appea.to solie gintlemeii. this suljtct of the pro- ises a-d falls with the prices f those articles in that con- fro
tel-ctimoi of theu Amrican tobaccotrade in Franceeearly atltract- try. Theoboj ct, as apparent from the law, is to keep the tiet:
ed the attention of the American Government. Previous to price of wheat at 72 shillings per quarter; as it rises above M
the f rmation of the present Constitutinm, Mr. J,.-ff,-rson, that price, the tariff is redt.celd ; as it falls below it, the tariff menu
whiun Minister to FCrance in the year 1783, brought up this is increased. Indeed, the tariff is varied almost every mon h ; liom
question with a power an I earnestness which proved him to therefore, to come to any corrset conclusion, you must take a t fo
lt as true an Amnrican as he was a great statesmana. He series of months-say 13 months. For a series of three t
lie ag gret Sdtesay.[*oili orte d
pressed it upoun the consi.leralion of the Prench Government years, the average duty in Endand upon wheat imported -i
tin ii he ul imnately compnelled it, to soame extent, to mitigate from' Amrica was about 40 per cent.; ;osnetimes it rises to rive
the monopoly. And what werem the benefits resulting from (or 70 per cent.; as-metimes it malls as low as ten; some- .
his efforts 7 In a single year, sot advantageous did this uniti- times as l,,w as one shilling per quarter-but can never get lost
galion prove, the importawion of tobaccoinio France increase ,lower. But their tariff upon tobacco is a continuing and te
from eight to ltiry five thousand hugsheads. And yet we aiding oppression, without modification, without relief, or
are told that no adoam.ta-,e would o gained by doing away the prospect of relief. 1 call upon this House, I call "upomldn
wiili this mono;plv. The negotiationsbetween our Minister this country, to say whether, when the revision of the tariff pr
and he Minister of France on this point ceased with the laws shall take place-, this evilshall not be looked into. WVe c as li
commencement of the French Revolution. From the year have borne our burdens with a patience which would have
1791, fionm which that revolution may te said to date, up to done honor to Jot) himself; and, prac:ised as he was i` tha t I
tlhe timune when the presentt dynasty of Bourbons were rein- virtue, I believe, if he hadl been a tobacco-planter, he would a su
stated onr the throne, this question was never agitated; but not have submitted as long as we havedone.
the very first Minister who was vent to France after that event Mr. Chairman, I thank the committee for the patient hear-. yel
was instructed to urge on the French Government the abso- ing they have given mie on this occasion. I see that there are ..
lute and imperious necessity of doing justice to the tobacco many other gentlemen anxious to (b'ain the floor, and I will
trade. That Mini ter, (Mr. Rives,) in a most powerful do- therefore yield it now. It is probable that I may avail myself of r
cument, dictated to some extent, I have no doubt, by our au- of some future occasion to adld a tmething to the remarks I occl
thorities here, urg -d the matter strenuously upon the French have already submitted on this most interesting topic. beet
Minister, at that time thie Due de Dalmatia. I will here read priat
a short extract from a communication addressed by the Due JOtSIAH J. C4ROSiBY & J. S. JONES, had
de Dalmatia to the American Ministerin 1839; probably the ATTORNEYSAND COUNSELLORSo AT LAW, pe
gentleman from Virginia (Mr. Wisp) may recognize an old aug 18--wlvtp Tmitt
aequain'ancein it. The gentleman who furnished him (Mr. pron
W.) with his argument extracted it, word for word, from this RHUSTEllS'SALIF.-By virtueaofa decree ofSt. Mlary's rn
very communication of the French Minister; anti we have tr aCounty Couht, siting as a court of equity, "I,.,,, ir d;-. this
here itheiSrtramge anomaly ofsanlargumentpmade by theiFrenchstPublic sale at Leonasidto% a nr. ,, lI1 -
MillIere agaistr thn- int of ti rgmeUntmSair bteig Fread a9th day of Alarch next, if fair, if not, the next fair day thereafter,th
Minister against the interest of the United States being read all the real estate of Josiah Turner, deceased, consisling otlhe fl- me't
as an American argument by an American representative on lowing tracts, parts of tracts, or pomiels of land called and known amO
tie fliur of this Httouse. 1 am aware that the gentleman by the names of turner's Lot, Manor and Dear-biught and Ryan execl
from Virginia, when he read it, did not know the source from Venture, estimated to contain seven hundred and thirty-four acres, M
which his correspondent had drawn it. He (Mr. WisE) more or less. som
thought it was plausible-and it was, to be sure, the strong- Thi.s farm is situated in the upper part of St. Mary'scounty, and $'
et argumi-nrt which a French Minister could lay his hands neartlie Winumico river. The soil is very kind anu productive, $57,
tupltn. I suppose, also. it was the strunD,,st which the corres- and well adapted to the growth of corn, wheat, and tobacco. It is wot
pondenut of the gentleman from Virginia could lay khis handsl alse s"sc1,ptible of improvement by the use of clover, arid is well half
uponi. It is, however, the transition of a letter written by u*nbnred. The improvements are a good dwelling-house and other M
the Due do Dalmatia to General Gass. I will read it. t is uecesary out-houses; such as arnis, corn.hoase, andi stuablos and
dated Paris, September 26, 1839, and is as follows : This real estate will bte soI subject to tlie dower-right of the shot
Sw G ( i is willow of Josiah Turner. Possession will be given on thte 1st day s
"You will alsn observe, General, (and it is an important con- of January next.
sideration,) that nmt only are the l obaccoes of the United States Terims of sale: One-tenth of the purchase money to be paid on Con
admlitted into our ports without being subjected o any duty, but the day of sale, and the balance on a credit of one and two years, M
thuittheyarebroughtthere exclusively under the flig of the Unioni, thie purchasers to give bond, with approved security, bearing in- mat
which thui receives all the advantages in the way of navigation. terest from the day of sale. Upon the payment of the purchase slhan
As for ourselves, we appear in the markets of ithe Union with the money, the trustees are authorized to execute a good and valid tom
purchasers from all other countries ; we pay the same prices which deed to tihe purchaser, conveying all the interest of the parties to the
they pay; and onr competition conrlnbutes thie more toward keep- the suit in said real estate, bets
ing up the price in the markets, as our wants (which may always PETER W. GRAIN, appi
be calculated beforehan'I) increase every year in a sensible pro- HENRY G. GARNER, lrov
poarion." feb 6-3tawts [Leonardtown Her. lawts] Trustees. stat,
I have (continued Mr. T.) taken some trouble to find this 12r The above sale is postponed to Thursday, the 29th tlay of imi,
document. I thought, when the gentleman from Virginia Aprilnext ; same hour and place. nur 4-os port
was speaking, that I remembered the argument; I though-t AW SCHOOL.-Ju, ge CLEMENT DORSEY, of the N
that I had to reply to it before. Whilst the gentleman was L firs,, judicial district of Maryland, halvini located himself cost
yint I.m-.!, I found it, word for word, and letter for letter, i ithen ,t n... : .t.,, i.., near ihe City of % %--I...i,, wiil, wor
in h. t--.. ,.- document b, fore referred to. Antd here let me on he i..,i ,-.l i.' .y' in May next, open a Iw Schwol. ame
re mark, that a part of this argument is founded upon a fact Ho will have am almost daily intercourse wilh the students., men
which I acknowledge to be true, but which is wholly deceit- The course of instruction will also eabthace time laws and deci. .
ful andt deceiving. It says that tobacco from America is in- sionsoflthose States from whence the stuiadentshal come. con
trodulcd into France wiubhtut paying duty. Most wise dis- The village of Bladenashug is within a few miles of tihe Capital fons
cover I The discovery is made that the King of the French at Washington, healthy, and contains a very moral population, and how
does not tax his owni tobacco! True ; but tie sells to a com- the students will have ant opportunity of attending tihe debate s t ndh
pany the privilege ol inportitg it free ot duty for the som of se"bctioe nmdels of eloquemce from ltie groat and distinguished rein
tnn millions of francs, and he suff* rs them to make all the i-.,.,.-".-', .r.I bar of the Supreme Court. wa
ithoue cessary expenses farnboard at fite boarding houses and was
profit they can If, ther,.fore, the King were to tax our to- tuition flee will not exceed, for the year, $260. thie
baico, hs would lay a tariff upon his own property ; but he Reference may be had to those members of Congress who Yor
seils out to seven monopolists the right of selling, importing, served with Judge Dorsey in Congress between 18i5 and 1832. to i-
and manufacturing tobacco uhroouhout his entire kingdom. mar 9-w2m. r
In what a posiiton, then, Mr. Chairman, (Mr. BANKs, ofVir- "- The Richmoiimd Enquirer and Richmond Whig will please had
ginia, was in tice chair pro tern.) does it ,lace your conslitu- publish the above, and charge tihisoffile. Huu
cents and mine, when they laud this product of our labor in jLeiVA-E TUITION.-A Clergyman of the 'pisctpah Di
torts abrmoadh Formerly they carried it there themselves; Church, and a graduate of the Universityof Cambridge, re- count
mut they found, when they arrived there, that only one mani siding in a very airy and agreeable part of the city of Philadel- givi
was permitted to purchase it, and they were compelled to phia, receives into his family the limited number of ten young abo
sell it to himn at whatever price he chose to purchase it, gentlemen, be -., ,l 1 i. s--f eight and fifteen, to prepare them that
or reship it to sa'me other purl, at the loss of freight andt for college or Y .. .riuti.- :. His undivided time and attention as
charges. The consequence has been, that, for the space are devoted to the class often, in which there are now vacancies.
of two or three years past, not one hogshead of Amueri- French and drawing ate ,auehit by the best masters.
can tobacco has been slipped by atn Aineric-sn citizen TERMS. N
to any port in France, unless you call Mr. Rigers aitn For board, washing, mending of linen, and tuition, including I
Alot rcana prizen. Soametimnes, in his y ommutiaiM ngs ainfillF -rench and drawing, whicmhi are taught by time beet masters, 340 as
Am. rican citizen. Sometimes, in his eommuricatipnn in thl, r p er annum,. conb.
newspapers, he says he is a tobacco planter; probably he may Each pupil provides hi own bed and bedding, or is -charged ex-
have a farm in Virginia, but it must be a very small portion itra 12 dollar o per annum, thev
of his interest. There is but one vacation, of two months, from t5thi ofJuly to past
But mir, getlleman from Virginia seems to have taken a tiii of Septeinber, and f the pupil remain during this he ischarg- whi
p-irticol r antipathy against this whole .uiject-.iatter of to- ed 20 dollars. There :s nuoother extra charge 4f any kind. sire
Itacco, because he fears we are going for a pr.,-ctive tariff. No pupil received for a shorter period than one year, and a no- tion
One wiord on that poiaut I wish to see the tohiacco inti-rest tice of three months e expected previous to removal, colln
disconnected from all others ; that it may stand r pronliinent Payments hall-yearly, and a pupil removed during a eurre:t vai
here ; that the House and thie country may see the position half-.-ear is charged for the half-yea'.
itoc( upies, and the burdens and restrictions which it endures, Address REV. C. WILLIAMS, D.D. pria
taxed as it is more than sixty ti ,.e-s higher than any umber pro- Spruce street, Phfladelplia. tadnu
duct of our l.ibiir. There may be, and probably are, thou- REFERENCES. fust
sands of tobacco planters who are protective tariff men ; hut, Right Rev. H. U. Onderdonk, D. D. l rit
as tobacco planters, we have no connexion with th.,tsubject, Col. Willih tm Draytim, I tilt
nor dlo we want a pr rtecrive tariff f or the protection of Aine- Hon. Judge Kennedy, i-Philadelphia. li
rican, interests at home from foreign competition. William M. Meredith, Esq. tior
We want counternailing duties to force European Kings John S. Riddle, Eq. J t
to do justice to American citizens. And this is the remedy Right Rev P-riu,,in T. OnderdonklD. )D., New York.
recomunenumu by some of the wisest statesnmen of this coun- Right Revy. (. %. Duane, D. D. Burlington, ) our
try, froirm, Thomas Jefferson down to our present Secretary of Capt. Robert P. Stocktonu U.S. N., Princeton, New Jersey. s'st
the Treasury-many of whose otinioni I could read to the ElsE. BoJuie)vot, EPq. Newark, eq
committee -flime .,oul d permit. Mtr. Jetff.rson eays, emuphat- om. John Nicolson, U. S. N., Washi.ngton, D.C. amn
icaily, "When ia nation imio-es high dntm's on our produc- f, b o3--enw of'Ut
tionts, or prohibits them altogether, it maay be proper for mm, to -- HE celebrated r-ce horse C[PPUS, by Industry, (and ad- the
do the same luy theirs." And in the very document from a mitted tobe his best snr,) damn by Mark Antony, g. (atnm lIv ta
wtlinhl the :. ,.ii..o, n from Virgii~ia (Mr. WISE) read long ltutle1' f3i". anb akAinedmb a
witch the s r.ip.usd nhi from Virgi ia (Mr WI1se) rei l long Trensurer, &c. winner of thirteeh raes, eleven of them three and pile
extracts, and praised so highly .as tl niost sensible comnman- fina, mile eat-, will make i his firt season at the farm of Dr. R.
catinin he had ever seen from its author, Mr. WVuodbury,) G. Stuckett, 4 miles from Ellicott's inmills, and six from the Savage val
this doctrine of,: .u.. n. mu.. duties -... 1- ...-1. *.\, ,I as Ie- Factory, at 25 dollars for blood, and lOdollars for common mates, Cat
ultimate, and reco nmended. As this ,,.t1.1]-.. -r, tn-u.., Virgi- 50 cents ti the groomed ; mares grain fed at 25 cents pcr 11 my, pns- coU
nia did not read tilis part of the report of the Secretary of the tursge at 50 cents a week. Good attendance, but no liability for p
Treasury, I will supply his omission, accidents or escapes. i.
f A gentleman near inquired of Mr. T., What document Fom pedigree and performance see Turf Register. hul
is that 7] mar 5-7t GEO. L.STOGKErT. i"c
Mr. T. It is a report from the Secretary of the Treasury, tltiAM-'h--fi reelebrated imported Hseer-and S--alliou, neoa Mr
communicating, in compliance with a resolution of tie Sen- -" in the finest possible health and order, will make his nex, noi
ate, a plan or pernnmne,,t change in the tariff, dated January aud last season in Virginia at my stables, at flu0t tie season and si
19, 1841. On tihe 5 h ph.ge Mr. Woodhury says : $1 to the groom, payable wilhin the seus t, which commences on am,
"And another distrnminatione, someutiits umaeful, might be to mIme IlI0m February and ends the 1st July. Mares will be well
select those article. mu in cer sin cases tfr en increased impust, not fed, withe..ot stint, at 40 cents a day, and every cane and attention am,
usually exneetin; thus sante limuattin which may be proper for bestowed by trusty grooms; but 1 will not be liable for accidents ten
.i ...-. -1.. irntr" imports played on ourtowo productions or escapes, l have provided every acconmoudation for barren and obv
...i. i' n i .l ...' foaling mares, and will board black servants gratis, while'white -
And, some few semenices furtbcr, he says: servants can be boarded on moderate terms in the village near. giv
d, s e w s s fr h y : Priam is a beautiful bay, sixteen hands high, of matchless but
Nor nan any other cumnlry complain, wilth istlce, if we coun- beauty, ,,-...r,,hi form, action, and pedigree, snd tun well known minl
teront their himl taxation on any of our products by inumposing nome as te i ,,ri,. -ml.m.- champion, for many years, on ,he Enuliah tirf, P
.,,i .'.. '.... ..- -u-t heirs ; and, however unprofialhie such where he never had a superior, and many excellent judges think app
r.., .., ., it-in -.r.n.v .. all concerned, yet, whce such a measure an equal, to need further description, mat
becomes convenient for our own fiscal purposes, or is required by As a tried Stallion, the English sportsmen acknowledge he is it h
proper self-respect, ana is kept within due restrictions as to the not only decidedly the best of the age, but the best ever in Eng. -
amount of duly, it is believed to he entirely justifiable." land. For faur years he has had more and better winners than bor
Mr. Chairman, if the gentleman from Virginia (Mr. WISE) any other horse whose colts were of the same age. Nearly all
had seen and read this portion of this document, he must trained have been winners often, and sevePal have never been car
either have changed his opinion as to the correctness of its beaten. The number and amount of their winnings present al-
dcetnnes, or lost some of his horror of countervailing duties, most an unbroken series of brilliant victories. In 1839 they won ue
Mr. Chairman, several gentlemen around me ask me to de- every large two years' old stake at New Market, often under tiot
fine the difference between a protective tariff and counlervail- heavy extra weights ; have won the Great Oaks three cut of four t
ing duties. I will do it satisfactorily. A protective tariff is years-, and early all the larn est stakes in thn Kingdom,, as the tlio
rmt d fur ti-is r. inof Anieict in trya me f Riddiesworth, Tuesday's Riddleaworth, 2,0011 guineas stake, dec
intended fIr the protection of American industry at home from 1,000 guineas, Colunm, July, (ihesterfield, Cluarwe-e, Pender-
foreign competition. Is not that a fair definition i! Counter- grast, and a host of others too numerous to name. Crucifix, one
vailing doties are intended for the protection of American of his get, has won more than 850,01t0, without ever being beaten, X-
produce abroad from foreign aggression. A protective tariff and is unquestionably the best mare ever trained. They have won Din
and countervailing duties are not only not the same thing, a conntless number of stakes, plates, gold cups, handlicups, and of 1
but they are to a great extent diametrically opposite things. King's plates, at all distances, and in some instances at 3, 4, and t,.ir
The one operates at home for the protection of American in- 5 heats, under heavy weight. the
dustry here from foreign competition. Every American His colts have won every where they have been tried. Last inch
statesman may vote for that or not, as his judgment may die- year he had the best in England, the best in Ireland, and the best new
tate. The other, countervailing duties, is intended for the in Belgium, and equal to any in Prance and Germany; and in cur
protection of A meriean industry abroad from foreign aggres- the United States we have seen Monarch, the Queen, Helen, and pus
sion; and I hold that every American statesman, let him M r. Robertsion's filly. ri'.
come from where he may, is bound to come to the rescue of At his present price,te i, ilibe cheapest Stsllion in America--.i.
cme from where h may, is und to com to the r of his price being reduced to suit the hard times ; and breeders will T1
this and of every other American interest, when unjustly cp- do well to avail themselves of this last opportunity. T
pressed by for, ign Governments. All Greece, from her main For more particulars, see handbills, sal,
land and her hundred islands, poured her armies upon Troy A. T. R. MERRITT, spr
to revenge the injuries of a single individual. All Rome feb 5-w2wcp&lin2w6w Hicks' Ford, Vn. con
was roused like a lion to take revenge for the death of one of DOLILARS REWA D.-I will give fllydollars OfN
her citizens; and here is an aggravated injury inflicted on a ^ for the apprhensi and delivery or confinement in offr
million and a half of Americami eitixenis, and wve slend hene jail o ~egre minr inhe apprehension and delivery or conifinemn-st innf
million and a hlf of American citizens, and we and here l of negro BEN DUCKETT if taken in Charles county, one
ca-hnly debating whether or not we will extend protection to hundred if take elsewhere in the State or in the District of Co- I
them. It is a shame. I am compelled, Mr. Chairman, to hrnmbia, and two hundred and lifly if taken in a nont slaveholding
argue this question thus zealously, in order to obtain the at- State. ISA
tension of the House to it. What is the spectacle we now Ben is about 21 years of age, nearly or quite six feet in height, of
present 7 Look at your own State, because that is deeply copper color, straight and clear limbe.1, small head, sleepy looking a b
interested; your State sends about six out of eii;Ihte( thou- small eyes, throws his head hack when about to look at any obie,.t Him
sand ho-sheads of this staple to Great Britain. 'V Whi n you even about his own height, his teeth are not very while; he is re- wit
land your tobacco there, can you sn 11 it l No. The lion of rarkablv quick, sprightly, and active when at work, a fine wood- twI
Great Britain lakes a lion's share of the labor of your hands cutter, &c. tim
Dress, when lie left home, a new drab pea cost lined in the rce
and the sweat of your brow ; rd he syYou shll give me^^^^w
sixtesweathousrndbhogsheadsoutfeihteenays, ou shalldgivenre-sleeves and back with osnabumrg cotton, the skirt with check, white I
sixteen thousand hogsheads out of eighteen thousand before yarn pants, coarse winter boots, one cut with a axe, (since closed.) whe
I permit you to sell the other two thousand at all in my do- He ua taken with him anm old black frock rnmat and some oIlier old A
I minions. This may appear a etartl'ng fact to some gentle- clothes. Ben went away on Tuesday, 2d of Febroary, 1841. G.
men; but it is as true as sttiant'e. If we carry four thousand J. F, PRICE, Ma
iogshbeads from Miirlsnd, the lion of Goat Britain lays hi 10 -2-wtf For estat ofMN, GtrnO, Cbarlos owty Mid, f
RiOCEEDINGS IN CONGRESS.
House OF REPRESENTATIVES, MaRct 3, 1841.
RED RIVER RAFT.
'he Senate having amended the Army Appropriation bill
adding, among other things, an item for. continuing and
opleting the removal of the raft in Red river, $75,000-
Ir. CROSS. of Arkansas, in a brief speech, advocated the
endiment. Ha dwelt on he importance at.4 value of the
I river as a channel -if communication, andt as an outlet
the produce ot the WVest. He showed the impo'rtance of
itnug the river as a military highway leading to Fort Tow-
; explained what had heretofore been dunee; eid was un-
,scoI to state it as his opinion, that the sou,i now asked
uld blie sufficient to coniplete the clearing out of a channel
,ugh the raft.
lr. HUN 1', of New York, supported the amendment.
hough he was a Northern man, an I this was in the South.
st, he f!t none the les interest it itioni that account ; anilal-
ug!i the House hadi refused hi: a sminall appropri. t;,on for the
e preservalionu of tuul, materials, and rih. r p.intlk' prop. ry
[he Northern frontier from utter dilapidation and decay,
t shuu;d be no reason with him for withholding his support
a what was in itself so just aUia necessary as the object of
ir. BARNARD moved to amnend the Senate's amend-
it by adding an itemn o'f $50,000, f r rF .. i ,. ihe .-.Ioruc-
s in the Hudson river above -r..l .t i -v uIt,.r,,r ; con-
m)ng that every argument which had induced the Senate
dd this amendment to Ihe bill applied with equal and
n greater force, to removing obstructions in the Hudson
Mr. SERGEANT, after some remarks which were utterly
in the confusion and noise which prevailed, inquired of
chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means what
iliuon had been made to the appropriations originally re-
ted by that comoatittee'7 and whether they would not ex-
d the amount estimated by the Secretary of the Treasury
kely to remain in the Treasury at the termination of the
rent year 1
Mr. JONES replied that the Secretary had estimated, after
survey of the probable receipts and expenditures of the
r, that there would remain a balance in the Treasury of
,'i,(0i.I. -i les which, Congress ihad sanctions d the issue
r ,'hjrnn.,...-'Treasury notes. As to the probable amount
receipts from the customs, every gentleman could judge as
I as Mr. J. His own opinion was, that, owing to recent
urreuces, they w)uld probably fall far short of what had
n formerly anticipated. A- to the amount already appro-
ted, hlie could not state precisely how much it was; there
been many amendments adopted, which put it out of his
Ner. As to the bills as -,,i].,ulv reported fram the Comn-
tee of Ways and Means, they fell within the estimates
a tlihe Departments about $750000. But this was inde-
dent of the sum of $1,0G1,000 for the Florida war. With
and some othlier sd.titions, the total amount might excel d
estimates about $300,000. The Senate had voted amend-
its to the amount of about$400,000. Probably the whole
aunt appropriated by the tills andl amendments would
ed the mti ia lv a ruillion of dollars.
Ir. EVANS h,. .. ;ti cd that the chairman had omitted
e important items.
Ir. JONES recollectril that he had omitted one item of
5,000 contained in the naval appropriation bill. This
id make the total amount of excess about a million and a
Ir. EVANS said the total would be nearer two millions
a half. He then went into an enumeration of items to
w that this was a correct statement.
Ir. JONES said that he had spoken only of bills from the
anitltee of Ways and Means.
Mr. SERGEAN I' observed that, even admitting the esti-
es of the Secretary of the Treasury to be correct, we
uld have, this year, but nineteen millions from the cus-
s, and three and a half millions from the public lands, and
sums already appropriated would exceed this amount by
ween five and six millions. Some of the provisions of the
ropriation were of indispensable necessity ; these mustbo
ivided for; but, under circumstances such as he had just
cd, he could not consent to appropriate for this Red river
rovement, though he knew it was an object of great im-
Ir. MOORE, of Louisiana, observed that the additional
ioftransportation within a singleyear, produced by theraft,
hld more than pay for the expense of its removal; the
nidment was, therefore, a measure of economy ; if gentle-
n went for economy, let them vole for the amendment.
Mr. WISE opposed the amendment both on principles of
stituliunal right and also of expediency. If the arguments
t utility applied to the caseotobstructions in Red river, with
w much more force would they apply to the Hudson I If
moving the raft in Red river was constitutional because it
national, how mach more national, and so constitutional,
the removal of obstructions in the Hudson, which was
great outlet for the whole commerce of the State of New
rk 1 But Mr. W. could show five hundred other rivers,
prove which would be very useful, and, perhaps, quite
national. He inquired of Mr. HUNT how mioch, in all,
been appropriated for improving the navigation of the
Ir. HUNT went into a full reply, giving a detailed ac-
nt of the various sums which had been, at different times,
en by the Government, the result of the whole being that
ut $270,000 had been appropriated and expended; and
t $800,000 was ihe gross sum estimated by able engineers
sufficient to complete all that was necessary to be done.
hr. WISE then turned to Mr. Citoss, and inquired how
:h hald been appropriated for the Red river 1
hr. CROSS replied, and went into some particulars, but
he turned his back directly to tie reporters, what he said
id not he heard.
Mr. WISE opposed the amenmlment on the ground that
work of removing the raft was a work never ending; ihe
isage might be cleared one season, but, before the next,
ile acres of primeval forest were precipitated into the
am, and all had to be begun again. Remove the collec.-
n of timber in one turn of the river, and it would straight
ect at another turn. Millions might thus be applied in
in. When Virginia had some time since asked an appro-
alion to remove ob-trnetions in Janmes river, and thus
nit the commerce of New York and all the Northern ports
the wharves at Richmond, it had been refused, and re-
ed with taunts at the Virginia abstractions. The appro-
tions of the Government, even admitting them to be con-
tuional, were dispensed unequally; the new States got
lions, while the older (lie would not say the. better) por-
ns of the Union were neglected.
Mr. W. opposed the amendment also on the ground of
want of pecuniary means; and lastly, for wantofa grand
erm that should embrace the whole Union, and provide
ally for all.
Mr. BUTLER, of Kentucky, warmly advocated the
iendment, as :t1 u ,lij i bthe Government the r;dy mode
supp-lying Fo'i F 'vw--n, on the Arkansas frontier. On
ground of economy alone, this appropriation ought eer-
ily to pass. It wa- the cheapest mode of conveying sup-
s and munitions to that important post.
Mr. WISE rejoined; expressed but a light opinion of the
ue of forts as defenses against Indians, and especially the
munches, wiro were the best horsemen in the world, and
Id dash between, should forts be dotted all along the line.
Mr. CROSS replied to Mr. WiSz, and explained what he
I before said about the permanency of this improvement,
I'he question was now put on the amendment proposed by
BARNARD, which was negatived-Ayes (not heard,)
l'he question then recurring on concurring in the Senate's
Mr. UNDERWOOD made some remarks in favor of the
endment; for, though he had abandoned the system of in-
anl improveu..ents is a system, yet in particular cases of
,ious and overwhelming importance he was still willing to
ean affirmative vote. He would not originate new works,
he would carry on such as were very important and were
e state near completion.
Mr. STANLY auggrsled a doubt whether this money, if
iropriated, would ever reach the work, and whether it
ald not final ins way into some Arkansas bank, from which-
iad been botrowed in anticipation.
(Ir. CROSS explained on the subject of money heretofore
rowed by an officer of the United States Government to
ry on the work.
Mr. STANLY was utterly unwilling to sanction a pro.
ding of the kind, done, as it had been, in direct contra'en-
a of the express orders of the War Department.
Afier a few more remarks from Mr. UNDERWOOD, the ques-
n was put on concurring in the Senate's amendment, and
ided in the affirmative-Ayes 77, noes 76.
'tItEIJE ICK COUN'TY LAND FOR SALE.-
ThIe subscriber offers for tale the Farm known as ARCA-
t, one of the most di sreble and productive farms in the State
Maryland. It lies witihin three miless of Frederick, and con-
s 8 10 acres. It can conveniently be dividot into three farms;
improvements comprising all that could be desired on a farm.
luding an elegant Dwelling-house, a first rate Barn, and two
w barracks, which, together with the barn, are sufficient to se.
e six thousand bushels if wheat. A large quantity of locust
stand chestnut mail fence has been put up at great expense du-
' 1hi: last few years, and the farm is now chiefly enclosed with
Sk,,..l of fence.
The Iand is well watered and timbered.
Tlme subscriber ia determined to sell, and if not sold at private
e, a day will be fixed for a publc sale, to take place luring the
ring, at which time the subscriber will also sell his entire stock,
uprising 22 Horses, 8 superior Mules, (probably the best in the
Me,) a prol ortionate quantity of other stock, and a large amount
feb 23-w4t GRIFFIN TAYLOR.
NEi HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.-Ran
away from the subscriber, on the 30th December, negro boy
AAC, who calls himself Is-an Wilson, about 19 years of age,
rather dark complexion; tieis5feet 10 or It inches high,
oy of good appearance, and has a down look when spoken to.
is cI-.i,,, ..i.a, n.,t accurately described, as he has been, living
h John M. Duvall, of Anne Arundel county, for the last ten or
elve months. There is no doubt he has atUempted to reach Bal-
vore, his father living there, belonging to Mrs. Sarah Hal, who
neitly moved from Prince George's county to that city.
I will give the above reward for his slpprh.bnlimTi, no latter
iere taken, provided hebe lodged i ja'i s 1 itI tI geh mm Hran.
All communications respecting him wilt be directed to IsAAo
MAGR Vsx, Beaver Dam Post Office, Anne Arundel county,
f64 10-Aw2t F .LEANOR 5ANFORI),