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VOL. XL1.


WASHINGTON: THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 12 1840.


No. 5949


WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1840.

THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION.

In laying before our readers the results of the
Presidential Election, as they successively reach
us from the more distant States, it has become
little else than the announcement of successive
triumphs of the Whig cause. We give below
some samples of the manner in which the Re-
publican Candidates have swept over the great
States of the West. Surely never before in the
history of nations were the rulers of any free
State so signally rebuked and repudiated by their
countrymen, as are the miserable men to whose
hands, in an evil hour, were entrusted the desti-
nies of this Republic. God grant that it may
prove a lesson and a warning to their successors
in all time to come !
KENTUCKY.
[The following are results of only the 1st and
2d days' voting:]


Louisville
Harden county .
Jefferson ..
Nelson
Mercer (let day)
Lincoln (do.)
Shelby (do.)
Meade (do.
Fayette (2d day)
Woodfuord (do.) .
Carroll (do.)
Gallatin (do.)


Harrison.
1,129
476
"2w
S 447
200
225
858
221
900
400
95
70

INDIANA.


Van Buren.


In the returns of this State, the majorities alone
being given, we do not find the name of Mr. Van
Bur:n at all. The only information furnished is
the majority for HARRISON in each county, with
the gain it exhibits over the majority of Bigger,
the Whig candidate for Governor in August. Per


example:
Counties.
Jefferson .
Switzerland
Floyd
Dearborn
Franklin .
Ripley
Wayne .
Union



Jackson
Washtenaw
Wayne
Lenawee .
Livingstoni
Oakland .
St. Clair .
Macomb


Harrison. Gain on Bigger.
727 131
288 108
76 11
191 54
73 26
506 157
S 1653 28
148 5

MICHIGAN-IN PART.
Harrison. Van Buren.
384 -
483 -
10 -
300 -
-117
100 -
95 -
150 -


OHIO.
The vote in 67 counties of this State, as fur-
nished in the last Columbus Statesman, stands as
follows:
For Harrison, 34,893
For Van Buren, 9,289

SILK IN TEXAS.-A correspondent of a New
Orleans papor mentions that multicaulia trees
enough have been imported into Galveston to
stock the whole country. Some were sold, some
given away, and some died away.

ARMY AND NAVY CHRONICLE.-We are requested to state
that the suspension of this paper for a few weeks past has
been occasioned by disappointment in the receipt of re.itlan-
ces long since expected, and the difficulty of procuring money
in Washington. It is hoped that the friends of the work will
continue to give it their aid, and that those who are indebted
will be made sensible of the importance of prompt remit-
tances.
i An early resumption being anticipated, papers that exchange
with the Chronicle are solicited to continue the favor.

THE BUNKER HILL MONUMENT-We have the pleasure
of announcing, says the Boston Courier, that contracts for
completing the Monument of Bunker Hill were yesterday
signed by the contractor, Mr. JAMES S. SAVAGE, on the one
part, and by the President of the Monument Association on
the other. It is specified that the monument shall be com-
pleted agreeably to the original design by the first of October,
1843, for the sum of $43,000. Mr. SAVAGE will commence
operations at the quarry immediately, and will begin to lay
the stone as early as possible in the ensuing spring.

A REBUKE INDEED.-New York has put her veto upon the
re-election of MARTIN VAN BUREN. Four years ago, she
gave him a majority of 28,000; and now, after a taste of his
quality as the Chief Magistrate of a nation, this same New
York has decided against him by more than ten thousand
vetes. This reversal of judgment is worthy of special re-
mark and notice. It is an eloquent lesson to public men, and
comes as a powerful voice of warning to all who would sac-
rifice right for expediency, or sink the character of the en-
lightened statesman in that of the grovelling partisan striving
for the spoils. For fifty years, during which the present form
of Government has existed, this is the first instance in which
a candidate for the Presidency, much less an actual Presi-
dent, has failed to obtain the vote of his own State In a,
judgment upon his measures, such as this, there can be no
mistake. From such a condemnation there can be no appeal.
As it is the first instance of such condemnation-reluctant,
but decisive-let us hope it may be the last which evil coun-
sels and bad government may render necessary. Let us hope
F that a parent State will never again be constrained to render
judgment upon a recreant son, and that the case of Mr. VA
BUREN, the head of the spoils Administration of 1840, will
live in the memory of aspiring politicians as an example to
deter.- Baltimore Patriot.
On Monday week, the Faculty of the University of Virgi-
nia chose Dr. JOsEPH TOGNO Tutor of Italian and French,
and Mr. PAUL DIoDA Tutor of Spanish and German Lan-
guages in that Institution.

STEAMBOAT ExPLostON.-The steamboat Le Roy exploded
her boiler on the 25th ult., near Appalachicola, by which the
following persons were killed
Daniel Rowlett, passenger.
Washington Smith, master.
John Ashton, engineer.
Pressly Hicks, fireman.
John Waller, do.
Henry Carter, a free mulatto, steward.
The names of the wounded we have not learned.
Fortunately, there were not many passengers on board;
otherwise the disaster would have been still more melancholy.
The Le Roy was owned by the mail contractors on the great
Southern route, Messrs. Hopkins and Stockton.
The DUKE oP NEWCASTLE has recently purchased the
estate of Worksop for $1,824,000; in consequence of which
he has now a demesne of nearly twenty miles in length.
The old castle of Worksop is to be removed, and to facilitate
this, his lordship proposes to construct a railroad, about half
a mile in length, to the canal which crosses the estate. The
old castle is a fine building, a finished specimen of the pure
Corinthian order. The roof, which was renewed twelve
years since, cost $144,000; and the lead put upon it weighed
about 250 tons. The stone for the building cost $144,000,
and the oak timber $75,000. The chimney pieces are esati-
mated to have cost $72,000. There are 200 plate glass win-
dows, and about the same number of solid mahogany doors.
[Phil N. Amcr.
FATAL ACCIDENT A WEST POINT.-On Tuesday while
the officers were practising riding, Lieut. S. J. BaaNsroRD
was thrown from his horse and so badly hurt as tp cause his
death a fw hours after.-Exprew.


EDITORS' CORRESPONDENCE.

Nxw YORK, NOVEMBER 9, 1840.
The returns from the interior but swell the
HARRISON majorities, who probably has the State
by nearly 12,000 majority. SEWARD will run be-
hind about 3,000. The victory is complete-Se-
nate, Assembly, and a majority of the members of
Contgre-s, it is probable, though one district is
unsettled yet. What a disappointment for the
people of the Globe, who so flattered themselves
with hope when they got the first returns !
Gen. HARRISON run ahead of the Whig ticket
in nearly all parts of the State. His majority will
be larger than the real Whig strength.
The steam-packet President, which sailed hence
[or Liverpool on the 2d instant with between
sixty and seventy passengers, returned to-day, on
account of a want of coal. Since leaving port
she has experienced a continued gale of wind,
and was compelled to lie to for four days, at the
expiration of which the amount of coal on hand
not bAng thought sufficient for the voyage, she
put away for New York.
The return of the President will be a serious
disappointment not only to passengers, but to
those who made remittances by her, as the amount
of bills on board for Europe is very large.
A large business has been done at the stock
exchange to-day at a slight advance on Saturday's
prices. Flour is a shade lower to-day ; sales have
been made of Michigan at $4 87, and Western at
$494.
The British war steamer, commenced some
time since at Chippewa, Upper Canada, for the
Lakes, is nearly completed. She rates, it is said,
eight 18 pound carronades, is 148 feet on deck,
about 400 tons admeasurement, and is fitted with
two 45 horse power low pressure steam engines.
The grates and boilers are arranged expressly for
burning Ohio coal.

RETURN OF THE PRESIDENT STEAM-SHIP.

New YORK, Nov. 9,1840.
A great sensation was created in this city this morning be-
tween 8 and 9To'clock, by the announcement of the telegraph
that a steam-ship was seen in the offing. The announce-
ment on the telegraph ran thus:
"9 o'clock-In the offing a large British steamer, with three
masts, coming in slowly under steam."
The public anxiety was intense to kiow what steam-ship
it was, as none was due or expected about this lime. The
Queen had only been out eight days, and therefore it could
not be her; and some supposed it was the new ship Colum-
bia, whose place was taken by the Britannia. At 10 o'clock
the telegraph had this announcement:
"Outside the Hook, the steam-ship President, put back
apparently in distress."
All the mercantile men were running hither and thither to
inquire the cause of her return, and alarm sat on the faces of
all who had friends on board of her. And it was not until
half past eleven that the cause was ascertained from the tele-
graph bulletin, which ran thus :
i" Half past 11-President steam-ship, three miles off the
West Bank; returned, with her starboard wheel disabled;
coming up slowly under steam."
What has caused this accident we are yet unable to learn;
although from the recent high tides and heavy gales on the
coast, we have no doubt that she experienced a tremendous
storm, or perhaps a succession of gales and heavy seas.
The President sailed from this city last Monday, with 85
passengers, and $150,000 in specie. Amtong the passengers
were Mr. Jaudon, Mr. Brown, and Mr. Alsop, all ofthe U. S.
Bank, who were going out to London to make the final ar-
rangements for the resumption of specie payments by that
bank ; and had made all their calculations relative to mone-
tary matters, based on the belief that the President would ar-
rive out on or about the 16th of the month. This delay will
be productive of sad inconvenience in this respect alone, and
overthrow all the arrangements made in England. Bills will
become due and be protested, andi quite a small explosion will
succeed. Many of our most eminent merchants have also
made similar calculations in regard to money matters, all of
which will be overthrown, to thesurprise and derangement of
the mercantile world in England.
Added to all this will be the intense and agonizing excite-
ment produced in other quarters in Engiand by her non-arri-
val. The Acadia left Boston on Sunday, the 1st instant, and
will reach Liverpool next Saturday, with the positive intelli-
gence that the steamship President was to follow her next
day, and carrying out the names of many who were to leave
in her. The President will be due in Liverpool next Mon-
day. But that d-y will pass over, and the day afier that, and
the whole week will run by, and yet there will lie no trace of
the President. And eyes will grow dim with watching, and
cheeks look pale with fear, and fond hearts ache with agany
for the supposed loss of all they love. For when ten, twelve,
and perhaps fourteen days roll by after she is due, and no
tidings of her reach the shores of England, (for none can
reach until the Patrick Henry arrives on er about the 26th
instant,) the conclusion of a majority will be, that she has
gone to the bottom, with all on board. There will be fuour-
teen days of intense suspense, and fourteen days is an age in
money matters, commerce, or love.-Herald.

New OtRLEANS, OCT. 30.
FiRE.-About four o'clock yesterday morning the alarm of
fire was given, which proved to be in the steamboat Empress,
bound for St. Louis, and ready to start. She was lying at
the foot of Gravier street-the steamboats Rienzi, Oceana,
&c. lying in the same tier. It was thought advisable to cut
the Empress adrift, which was accordingly done. She then
drifted with the current, and was urged by the wind towards
the opposite side of the river, and unfortunately brought up
alongside of the steamboat Monarch, (recently launched, af-
ter having undergone thorough repairs,) and we regret to
state that in a few minutes the Monarch caught fire, and
burned to the water's edge. The fire then communicated to
the hulk of the Boonslick, which was also consumed ; and,
by the greatest dint of exertion, the Huma, lying on the stocks
at the yard of Messrs. Harroll & Co. was saved, with but lit-
tle damage to the after-cabin. During the confusion on board
the Monarch, an explosion of gunpowder took place on board
the Empress, from the forward hatch, which materially deter-
red the efforts to save a portion of her cargo. However, we
are happy to state that no injury was sustained by the per-
sons in the immediate vicinity. The hulks were towed down
by the ferry-boat to the flats opposite Slaughter House Point,
and we learn an attempt will be made to save the engines.
We have not learnt how the fire originated.

REAL Wmsa.-An instance of extraordinary zeal in favor
of Harrison and Tyler on the part of two White voters of
our city has been communicated to us. John "',.:l.t.r and
John Parrot were at work on Tilghman's Island, about 30
miles from Baltimore, for some days previous to the election,
and were prevented from leaving in consequence of having
no means of conveyance to the city. On the morning previ-
ous to the election a sail-boat from Baltimore touched at the
Island, and took on board two Locofocos, the boat having, it
is said, been sent down especially for them. The two Whigs
solicited a passage on board the boat, but the Locofoco com-
mander positively refused them, notwithstanding five dollars
were offered by each of them for a seat. Determined not to


be prevented, if possible, from depositing their votes, they
procured, on the morning of the election, a small canoe, bare-
ly sufficient to contain the two, and, stepping into their frail
and tender bark, paddled across the bay to Sandy Point, a
distance of seven or eight miles, at the imminent peril of their
lives-from thence they footed it all the way to Baltimore, a
distance of about 35 miles, arriving at the First Ward polls
at half past 5 o'clock, precisely 30 minutes before the close,
covered with sweat and dust, when their votes were triumph-
antly deposited for" Tippecanoe and Tyler too." Such de-
votion to correct principles has no parallel in the history of
elections. Mr. Parrot had only arrived at age in October
last, and the vote which he gave on Monday was consequent-
ly the first noble act of a grateful and zealous freeman to-
wards pne of his country's noblest benefactors.-.aut. Pat.


ST. LOUIS AND BOSTON.

We copy the following interesting article from
the St. Louis Gazette of the 21st ult. :
The two cities of the United States which are progressing
most rapidly in population and wealth, at ihe present time, in
proportion to their size, are undoubtedly Boston and St.
Louis, one in the Eastern, the other in the Western section
of the Union. Fsr many years-from 1800 to 1830-Boston
was loving ground, in the race for greatness with New York,
Philadelphia, and Baltimore; but about the year 1830 a new
era dawned on that city, through the instrumentality of its
enterprising capitalists, which has turned the tide strongly in
its favor. At that time, the first railroad was constructed on
one side of the city, and the first steam-power loom establish-
ment erected on the other. From that time to the present,
Lowell has increased in population from 200 to 20,000, and in
wealth from $100,000 to 20,000,000. The cotton manufac-
tures of Lowell, and the hundred other manufacturing vil-
lages in New England, have given a stability to the trade of
Boston unknown to any other city in the Union.
Massachusetts, formerly exporting, it was said, nothing but
granite and ice, now produces manufactures valued at ninety
millions of dollars per annum, a large part of which centres
at Boston, as a place of distribution to all parts of the Union.
At a later period than that first mentioned, her far-seeing
citizens became convinced that, although she had no river
like the Hudson, the Delaware, or the Susquehanna, to bring
to her wharves the products of the boundless and fertile West,
yet that an iron pathway might be laid along her mountain
gorges, over which a steam-engine with a train of cars could
move at the rate of thirty miles per hour, ,-.kirt Hinhe pr...-,cl
of the lakes at the outlet of the New York Canal, and land-
ing it at Boston in less time than it can be delivered at New
York. About one-half of this road is completed, and the
whole will be finished within twelve months from this time.
This road will cost not far from seven millions of dollars.
It is calculated to support an engine of fourteen tons weight,
and to carry 1,000 barrels of flour in a single train of cars ten
miles an hour. It is estimated that when finished, flour can
be transported from Albany to Boston, 201 miles, for 30 cents
per barrel. Two thousand men are now at work on this road,
in some sections, both night and day. The capitalists of Bos-
ton have also contributed largely to the funds required for
laying down railways from Albany to Buffalo, betweenwhich
places there will soon be a continuous line completed. The
same enterprise and capital will, ere many years shall have
elapsed, continue the same line across Ohio, Indiana, and Illi-
nois, to St. Louis, in case the funds required for the work are
not furnished by the States on the route.
St. Louis owes its present prosperity to neither manufacto-
ries nor railroads, for it has scarce a dollar expended in
either.
Its progress has been accelerated mainly by the hundreds
of thousands of immigrants who have overspread the prai-
ries of Missouri, Illinois, Wickonsin, and Iowa-who have
come here for the sale of their agricultural and mining pro-
ductions, and for the purchase of merchandise. The increase
of this city in wealth and population, within the past ten
years, is scarcely paralleled. In 1831 the population of the
city and suburbs was estimated at 6,000. It is now not far
from 30,000, and rapidly increasing. The number of build-
ings recently commenced is very great, and the value of those
in course of completion will exceed a million and a half of
dollars.
The trade between this city and Boston is greater, and the
commnexion more intimate, than is generally imagined. The
various staple articles of export from Bostot, including do-
mestic goods, boots and shoes, oil, candles, &c. required for
this market, and which are forwarded from here for the up-
per country, cannot fall short of two millions of dollars.
We shall close these remarks with a comparative state-
ment of the value of Western productions shipped from New
Orleans to New York and Boston.


New York.
Tobacco, 560,000
Cotton, 1,880,000
Flour, 228,000
Pork, 270000
Bacon, 109000
Lard, 36,000
Beef, 3,200
Corn, 15000
Lead, 270,000

Total 3,371,000


Boston.
160000
2:219,000
156000
324 000
50,0)00
149,000
11,000
12,000
253,000

3,334,000


Extract of a letter from Bamberg, dated IGLh October,
1840: Mr. WHEATON, Minister of the United States in
Berlin, has been in our city for some days; he is travelling
through the Stales of the Germanic Confederation, to obtain
a more perfect knowledge of its industry, commerce, and pub-
lic institutions. Mr. Wheaton is already known as one of
the most distinguished statesmen of his own country, and has
greatly benefited by his negotiations with the German Com-
mercial Union. His continued exertions to increase com-
merce and friendly relations between the United States of
North America and Germany merit the acknowledgments of
the latter country."
PEDESTRIAN FEAT.-On Monday evening John Townsend,
the celebrated pedestrian who recently accomplished an
arduous six days' task on the Prescot road, undertook to per-
form, for a benefit, on the bowling green of the High Park
Coffee House, the following feat: To pick up 100 stones, each
a yard apart, with his mouth, and deposit them in a basket
without touching them with his hands; to run a mile; to walk
3 miles forward, and 3 miles backward ; and finally to run a
hoop two miles; the whole to be accomplished in three suc-
cessive hours. He commenced operations soon after 5 o'clock,
and accomplished the feat with great ease within sixteen
minutes of the prescribed time. He afterwards, by way of
afierpiece, picked up 40 stones in the same manner as before,
in almost 11 minutes. This extraordinary pedestrian is up-
wards of 50 years of age. A vast number of persons wit-
nessed the feat.-London Paper.
Dr. PALMER, of Pittsfield, Mass. who was injured a short
time since by accidentally inhaling concentrated sulphuric
acid, has since died.

MARRIAGE.
On Thursday evening, 5th instant, by the Rev. T. B.
SAROENT, Mr. WILLIAM WINN, son of the late TIMO-
THY WINN, Purser of the U. S. Navy, to Miss GOUGH
CARROLL, daughter of the H-Ion. JAMES CARROLL, of Bal-
timore.

9 AW NOTICE.- I'. ,.i. t,... ,. J i.- -e connected them-
JU. selves as partners in the practice of the law. They will
attend all the Courts held in Hamilton county, Ohio, and the Cir-
cuit and District Courts of the United States at Columbus.
B. SCORER,
WM. KEY BOND.
CINCINNATI, (Ohio,) Sept. 1. 1840. sept 12-cply
GEO. W. TRUEHEART,
Attorney at Law, Charlottesville, Virginia,
Will practise in Aibetnmarle Fluvanna, Buckingham, and Cumber.
land Superior and Quarterly Courts. Any business confided to
his care will receive strict and prompt attention. He will also
attend to the collection of claims in any of the adjacent counties.
IEFERENCES.
R. Edwards, jr. & Co. Charlottesville.
Valentine, Fry & Co.
F. & 3. S. James & Co.
J. P. Taylor & Co. I
H. W.&J. J. Fry & Co. 1Rieh.,d
Gov. Giliner,
Hon. John Tyler,
Goode & Sedden, J
aug 20-2awcp2mi
BROWN & McLEAN,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
CINCINNATI, ODiO.


A. J. BROWN.


N. C. McLEAN.


REFERENCES.
Cincinnati.-Hon. Jacob Burner, Hon. Jcln McLean, John
Reeves & Co. J. D. & C. Jones.
Philadelphia.-Samuel Snelling, George W. Richards, Benj
W. Richards.
New York.-John A. Haven & Co. John Cleaveland, Eaq
John J. Coombs, Esq.
Boston.-Honi. Joseph Story, CharlesSuminer, Esq. Richard
Robins, Esq.
New Orleans.-Thomas N. Pierce, Esq. Charles A. Jones,
Esq. febl5-cply
JAMES DUNLOP,
Late of Ckambersburg, Pennsylvania,
AND
A. J. DURBORAW,
ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW, PITTSBURG, PENN.
sept 12-cply
M EI)ICAL COLLEGE, In Richmond, Virginia.-
The next Winter Session of the Medical Detiartment of
Hampden Sydney College will commence in Richimond on time 1st
Monday in November, (2d,) and continue until the last of Februa-
ry following.
John Cullen, M. D., Professor of the Theory and Practice of
Medicine.
L. W. Chamberlayne, M. D., Professor of Materia Medica and
Therapeutics.
R. L. Bohannan, M. D., Professor ef Obstetrics and Diseases of
Women and Children.
Thomas Johnson, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and Physiology.
Augustus L. Warner, M. D., Professor of Surgery.
Socrates Maupin, M. D., ProfessorofChemistry and Pharmacy.
The Infirmary attached to the College furnishes an ample num-
ber of Medical and Surgical cases for clinical instruction during
the winter. Clinical Lectures will also be delivered at the Alms
House and Penitentiary, to which the student will have access.
AUG. L. WARNER, M.D.
oct 24-cptNovlO0 Dean of the Faculty.


LATE FROM FLORIDA.

Extract of a Letter to the Editors of the Savannah Republican,
received from an Officer of the Florida Army.
PILATKA, NOVEMBER 1, 1840.
By last night's express I am enabled to give you the result
of the conference of the Indians with Genr. ARMISTEAD at
Tampa Bay.
Halleck Tustenugge, Tiger-Tail, and six others, came in
at the appointed time, and, among other things, agreed to meet
the General with 300 of their people at Fort King on the 7bth
instant, for the'purpose of further negotiations. It is expect-
ed that the two chiefs named will proceed to Washington,
and visit the President in propria persona.
If they should deem it their interest to come in in good
faith, it may end the war, as they probably have it in their
power to dictate terms of peace; but I opine that if the war
is ended only upon the good faith of the Indians, it will last
forever and a day. They are like England on the boundary
question; they will appoint commissioners and negotiate until
doomsday, and until doomsday hold on to the country.
Colonel WORTH, the galltnt commander of the Republic's
Own," with two companies, left here a few days since for
Fort King, where he will meet the balance (8 companies) of
his regiment.
"ROM THE ST. AUGUSTINE NEWS, OCT. 30.
CONIINtF.1i OUTRAGES OF INDIANS.
On Wednesday afternoon last, from sixteen to twenty In-
dians made their appearance on Colonel HANSoN'S plantation,
about two miles from :hi- Ai ii..l.r., t, I,. ir. of all thetr
blankets and winter cI .litii, lih-r, i i. e ,.n %., to fire the
buildings, and make prize ef the negroes; but some of them
having escaped, and making their way to town, were fallen
in with by one or two gentlemen who had been hunting, and
they pushed on with the intelligence. The quick appearance
of a few persons from town tended to hasten them away with
their plunder, and enabled the negroes whom they had with
them to fall back in the sugar-cane field, and thus escape
them. One Indian, without luggage, was fired upon, sup-
posed to be Wild Cat, as he left the enclosure without any of
the plundered property. They fired one rifle into the dwell-
ing-house, which nearly wounded the overseer. The pro-
perty taken amounts to a considerable sum. No other da-
mage.
Lieutenant BRowN, 3d Artillery, was very promptly on the
spot with eleven men, and remained during the night on
guard, and yesterday morning proceeded, in command of
Lieutenant GRAHAM'S detachment of dragoons and his own
command, with Lieutenant WESTCOTT of the Infantry, in
pursuit.
An unfortunate and truly melancholy occurrence took place
at Colonel HANSON'S plantation at half past two o'clock on
Thursday morning. The sentinels having discovered, in two
places, persons approaching, retreated to the house, within
which the small force on the plantation were, and gave the
alarm. Immediately Lieutenant BROWN, with his men, pro-
ceeded to reconnoitre, as well as the four or five friends who
had offered to remain on the place; and, having been on the
watch for upwards of 30 minutes, they discovered persons
moving quickly up; the sergeant fired, wounding Lieutenant
AHnM, of the dragoons, in the arm, and killing Sergeant
OLCOTT, of his company. Lieutenant GRAHAM, it seems,
was approaching with great caution, (he having, at Picolata,
received an express informing him that Indians had been at
the plantation ;) and the fact of the alarm having taken place
some time previous brought him in collision with the troops
in charge, who were anticipating the approach of the enemy.
At the moment preceding the fire they were heard to spring
their bayonets, which sounded much like the click of cocking
a gun, and it was under these circumstances that the accident
occurred. Fortunately, Dr. BARNUM was one of the gentle-
men who had remained fior the protection of the place in con-
nexion with Lieutenant BRowN and t11 men of his company,
and his services were very promptly and beneficially rendered
Lieutenant GRAHAM. Sergeant WOLCOTT was brought into
the house immediately, but he was dead. Lieut. G.'s wound,
though severe, is by no means of a dangerous character; and
he will, in a very short time, rejoin his company.
A detachment of Captains MICKER'S and PELLICER'S
mounted volunteer force proceeded, on Tuesday last, at day-
light, to Musquito beach. The Indian signs were fresh in
ha nrgl.b..,rh--.] andI a .mall party of gentlemen, hunting
ti .J/1i-. V ipi. a, tim .,t, irt such evidences of their proximity
to the enemy that they left for this city.

FROM TEXAS.
CORRESPONDENCE OF THE BALTIMORE AMERICAN.
NEW ORLEANS, OCT. 28, 1840.
The steam-ship Savannah arrived yesterday, bringing Tex-
as papers to the 22d instant. They contain nothing of parti-
cular interest. General Houston's plan of organizing the mi-
litia, like Mr. Van Buren's, has proved unpopular, and will
not succeed. Congress assembles on the first Monday in
November. A letter from Houston confirms the intelligence
ofthecapture of Arista, the Central general in Mexico,though
its statements differ somewhat, as to particulars, from accounts
previously received. The settlements on the frontier were
free from Indian depredations.
The papers generally strongly urge upon the Government
the necessity of immediately sending the Navy to sea with
fighting orders. They consider that Mexico will only be
brought to acknowledge the independence of Texas by direct
offensive measures. The Federalists of Campeachy and Yu-
catan are anxious to co-operate with the T'xian fleet.

U UNIVERSITY 01F MARYLAND.-Thie Preliminary
S Course of Lectures now in progress in this Institution will
terminate with the last week in October, and a regular course for
thie winter will commence on Mundiay, Novernmber the 2d, giving
to Medical Students, not already members of thie Class, an oppor-
tunity of attending a full course at the usual period.
Professor R. POTTER, Theory and Practice of Medicine.
Professor R. W. HALL, Obstetrics, Hygiene, and Medical Juris-
prudence.
Professor S. G. BAKER, Materia Medica and Therapeutics.
Professor W. E. AtiKiN, Chemistry and Pharmacy.
Professor VW. N. BAKER, Anatomy and Physiology.
N. R. SMITH, Lecturer on Surgery.
Tie Professor of Anatomy, in addition to his other duties, after
the departure of Dr. Smith, will deliver an additional course of
Lectures on Surgery.
The F i t. j It.. ., to have in their powertoannounce that
their %. ii kr ,. .', rm. .. for instruction have been increased du-
ring the past season by thie addition of numerous valuable prepa-
rations to their costly and extensive Anatomical Museum. The
splendid Chemical Apparatus of Ihe University lihas been mate-
rially improved and augmented, and a valuable collection of fo-
reign and American minerals hias been placed in time laboratory
for the benefit of the class in chemistry. Their spacious dissecting
rooms and abundant supply of the material enable them to offer
advantages for tie study of anatomy unequalled by any institution
in thie country, while the Baltimore Infirmary afTords every conve-
nience for daily clinical instruction both in surgery and medicine.
oct 1-2awttD WILLIAM B. AIKIN, Dean.
ROOKEVI LLE ACA "EMY, Montgotmery cutn-
ty, Md.-The third quarterly session of tits Academy hav-
ing commenced on the 20th instant, under thIe suiperintendence of
Mr. E. J. Meany, Principil, time Trustees beg leave to intorm the
patrols of the institution and time Public generally that the reputa-
tion of Mr. Meany as a scholar, his standing as a gentleman, and
his experience as a teacher, induce them to submit hos claims on
public patronage, with the united efforts of the Board to sustain the
reputation of the institution, to the consideration of parents and
guardians.
Tme character, location, &c. of the Academy being generally
and favorably known, it is deemed unneessoary tc enumerate the
many advantages it enjoys. Those parents who sedtt children from
a distance may have an opportunity of uniting the advantages of a
thorough critical ana liberal academic education with it comforta-
ble and agreeable home, as the Principal hlas made arrangements
to receive about twenty boys into his own family, whose moral
habits and gentlemanly behavior will command his care amid at-
tention.
The course of studies will comprise the several branches of a
complete Mercantile, Mathematical, Classical, and English edu-
cation.
Terms for board and tuition per session of 12 weeks, including
washing, &c. $35, payasle in all cases to the Principal, in advance,
to whom all applicattoos are requested to be made.
By order of the Board.
WILLIAM B. MAGRUI)ER,
oct 23-2aw4w President.
ru^WO HUNDRED DOLLARS RItWARD.--Ran
JK away, ou rime night of trh 24th malt. from the subscriber,
near Petersville, Frederick county, Maryland, a negro mun called
BEN GROSS, about 37 years of age, 5 feet 5 or 6 inches high,
square built, a light black color. He can read and write, pre-
tends to be religious. Very plausible, very slow in talk, large
eyes, a good deal of white in them, flat nose, wishes to be consid-
ered dignified in appearance and conversation. He is a good
waiter, some knowledge of milling, and some tact as a carpenter.
As he can write, no dombt he has forged a pass and will make for
Pennsylvania. His mother is a free woman, lives in Frederick,


where he has a brother living. His clothes are so numerous that
a description is unnecessary; generally they are of the best quali-
ty. The above reward will be paid if taken or secured in any
jail so that I may get himt in or without the State.
nov 5-d4t&eol2t JAMES L. HAWKINS.
N EGROIES WANTED.-Cash anl the highest market
prices will be paid for any number of likely young negroes
of bothsexes,(familiesand mechanicsincluded.) Allzommunica-
tions addressed to me at the old establishment ofArmfield, Frank-
lin & Co.,west end of Dukestreet,Alexandria,D. C., will meet
with prompt attention.
July 26-2awcp&lawdptf GEORGE KEPHART.


COMMUNICATION.

TO THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES.
No. VIII.
The great natural energy of General JACKSON, combined
with h's ignorance of the great interests of the country, pe-
culiarly exposed him to the selfish arts and impudent in-
fluence of the demagogues who surrounded him.
I am disposed to think that his mind is naturally honest,
sincere, and candid. But I do not believe that he ever seri-
ously looked into the solemn duties of his station as Presi-
dent of the United States. I think, too, he possesses a cer-
tain generosity of character and great ardor of a certain kind
of friendship. But he has not enlargement of soul. I do
not say he has not energy of soul, or warmth of soul; but he
has not enlargement of soul. He has narrow and bitter
personal and political prejudices, which, whilst he does more
than justice to his friends, lead him to be wholly destitute of
justice to his enemies or opponents, both in private and pub-
lic life. Wilh all his warmth of soul, he has great coldness
of soul-that is, he lacks, totally, that distinguishing charac-
teristic of true greatness of soul- magnanimity.
But the prime and principal ground of the corrupt elec-
tion, and the reckless Administration of General JACKSON,
was that vile crew of DEMAGOGUES who were continually
about him, and who flattered his ignorance and his energy,
of which latter quality he was extremely vain, until they
brought him fully into their service and into the furtherance
of their views. They paid him in sycophancy, and he allow-
ed them to carry on their system of PRaOSCRIPTION" and
sPOtLS."-It was theirs.
Yes; this was primarily and mainly their work. General
JACKSON himself sought no spoils." His disposition was
too lofty for this-he left this for the dregs of human nature-
for that selfish and unfeeling SPOILS PARTY," who were
ready to "proscribe" every virtuous and patriotic citizen
from office-to turn them and their wives and their little
ones into the streets, whilst they, treading in the wine-press
of a loathsome surfeit, celebrated the orgies of as false a liber-
ty as was ever mouthed by an agrarian loafer. With all the
penetration and energy of character of General JACKSON,
the SPOILS PARTY" made a TOOL of him, and battened on
his influence until the liberties of the country became soiled,
and many of the principal interests of the Public exhibited
the aspect of blight and decay.
A MARYLANDER.

A IMPORTANT To) THE DEAF.-Doctor PRICE, of
Richmond, Kentucky, cures, by his mode of operating on the
ear, about four cases out of five of deafness. He has restored to
bearing a number of individuals after its loss, to a great extent,
from ten to twenty years, and in one instance for near forty years-
and this individual now hears well. The length of time deafness
has existed is nut conclusive evidence that hearing cannot be
restored.
Front the fact that a great majority of the large number de-
prived of the inestimable facility of hearing can be restored by
his mode of operating and treatment, in some instances by a sin-
gle operation, and at furthest in a few weeks or months, he in-
vites all those who are deaf to come and be restored. Cases
from a distance will not be required to remain longer than a few
days. June 16-6mcp
N AVY YARD BRIDGE.-Proposals will be received,
until the 10dLh of December next, for the following mate-
rials, of either oak or chestnut-
For 9 caps, 26 ft. long, 12 in. thick, and 13 in. wide
40 stringers, 22 ft. long, 7 in. thick, and II in. wide
30 piles, 10 to be 35 feet long and 20 to be 20 ft. long, and
all to square 14 in. 12 feet down from the head
35 braces, 26 ft. long, 6 in. thick, and I1 in. wide
Specifying, distinctly, the prices of oak and chestnut. To be
delivered at the Bridge during the month of March, 1841, or
sooner, at the option of the contractor.
Proposals will likewise be received for the work incident to
taking utp or repairing the defective parts of the Bridge and re-
placing them with sound materials, stated in such a way as will
show the expense of placing the above materials, or such part of
them as may be found necessary.
SAMUEL H. SMITH,
nov 1 1-2awtDec. 10 President.
INOR SALE.-FREDERICK COUNTY LAND-
N. part of that valuable Tract of Land in Frederick county
known as "f'The Rich Lands." This land is about two and a hall
miles from the city of Frederick, an the Monocacy river, on the
toith side of the public road, and is supposed to contain about
500 acres, atout one-fourth in heavy timber. It is bounded on
the north by the county road leading from Frederick to Newmar
ket; on the west and south by the Monocacy river, and by a small
stream that empties into that river ; and on the east by the county
road leading fiom the Liberty road to the Baltimore turnpike.
The south and west bounding ot water, the purchaser can divide
his fields so as to have water in all.
On this land there is a plain but comfortable Dwelling, with a
well of delightful water and a good dairy contiguous, an excellent
barn and stabling, and a fine chard.
This property could be advantageously divided into two Farms,
the woodland being so located as to throw an abundant portion at
either end.
This Landl is well known as one of the best in Frederick coun-
ty, and needs no puffing. It can be seen at any time on applica-
tion to Mr. William C. Cunntingham, on the premises, who can
give-every information required.
JOHN I. DONALDSON,
sept 26-2awcp6w Baltimore.
TUIiRUSTI1'-'S SALE OF VALUABLE REAL
SESTATE.-By virtue of a decree of Charles county
court, sitting as a Court of Equity, thie undersigned, as trustee,
will expose to public side, on the first day of December next, (if
fair, if not, the first fair day thereafter,) at 12 o'clock M., at Pot-
tersville, in Charles .... i., M ,i N I .,..il the real estate on which
the late Walter La'.i.-- r .. -I Tli-.. estate contains about
Seven Iundred and Sixty Acres, and has been divided into
two lots; one of which is the widow's dower, and has been laid oil
by commissioners, and contains one hundred and eighty-seven
acres, [187,]and will be sold subject to her life estate in the same.
The other lot contains about five hundred and seventy acres, and
will be sold free of any incumbrance.
This estate lihas on it a very fine fishing shore, both for shad and
herring, and has been profitably fished several years. It has on it
an inexhaustible bed of marl, which was pronounced by the State
.1 ._; to be o'f tihe finest kind; there is also an immense quan-
I. ihells, easy of access and sufficient to produce lime to en-
rich the whole farm There is a large supply of rail and fencing
limber on it, and more than two thousand cords of pine wood can
be cut, within half a miles of the Potomac shore, and which will
tuieet within a ready sale.
Persons desirous of investing money in real estate are invited
to view the premises previous to the day of sale.
The terms of sale as prescribed by the decree are, a credit of
six, twelve, and eighteen months from rthie day of sale, the pur-
chaser to give bond with security, to be approved by the trustee,
for the payment of thie purchase money, with interest from the day
of sale.
The trustee, as required by the decree, hereby gives notice to
the creditors of the said Walter Latimer, to file their claims, with
the vouchers thereof, with the Auditor of Charles county court,
on or before the 20th of March, 1841.
PEltER W. GRAIN, Trustee,
nov 10--3twtds Port Tobacco.
73'WO) HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.-Ran
UH away from the subscriber, on Sunday, the 8th of Novem-
ber, my negro man SAM, who calls himself Samuel Tyler. He
is of ordinary stature, about 5 feet 9 or 10 inches highl; of rather
a copper color; remarkably handsome, and genteel in his appear-
ance. As this servant has had great privileges, he has no doubt
aecumtulated considerable money, and will probably change his
clothing. Hle has taken with him a handsome blue frock coat,
one gray goatee with steel buttons, one drab-colored overcoat, one
pair of blue pantaloons, and one new pair of light mixed cloth.
He went off without provocation, and I have no doubt but he
has gone immediately fur some free State.
I will give 350 if taken iu Pritnco George's county or the Dis-
trict of Columbia; SmO0 if taken out of the county, and in the
State of Maryland ; and tbe above reward if taken any where else.
JOHN H. BAYNE,
nov ll-eo6t Near Alexandria.
MITH'S COMPARATIVE HISTORY, being the
Contemporary History of the Nations of Antiquity, with Ob-
servations on Chronological Eras, by Joshua Toutmin Smith, au-
thor of Smith's Progress of Philosophy among tie Ancients; 1
vtol. Price 62 cents. Just received for sale by
nov 11 F. TAYLOR.
IX HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.--Ran
away fimnt the subscribers ot thie nigbt of the 10th instant, a
negro man ianomed Garrison Russle, sometimes calling himself
Ciemeuve Russia. He ia about 30 or 31 years old, five feet seven
sr eight inches bigh, rather copper colored, asd his a remarkable
scar or protuberaice on his breast bone. He has large white eyes,
which roll very much when spoken to. He belongs to Thomas
Hall, Prince George's county, Maryland, near Good Luck Post
Office.
Also, a negro man named Bill Hammond, about 21 or 22 years
old, 5 feet t0 or t1 inches high, tolerably black, has a scar on one
of his ankles from a cut of a scythe, and has rather a dull look
when spoken to. He belongs to Osborn Cross, near Good Luck.


Also,a negro man named Joseph Gaiter. He is about 35 years
old, his height is about 6 feet, dark color; there is no particular
mark recollected. He belongs to John Perkins,Prince George's
county, near Good Luck Post Office.
They wemt off together without provocation, and it is supposed
have made their way to Pennsylvania; they have acquaintances
in Baltimore, and we think it very likely they have passes given
them by some white person.
A reward of One Hundred Dollars each, if taken in Maryland,
or Two Hundred Dollars each if taken out of the State of Mary-
land, will be paid for their apprehension or detention as that they
may be recovered again. THOMAS HALL.
OSBORN CROSS.
act 17-cp3tawtf JOHN PEBRKINS,


COLLEGE OF NEW JERSEY, at Princeton.-
Thei Rext temnr of this Institution begins on Thursday, the
12th of November, at 2 o'clock P. M.
It may not be generally known to the friends of the College
that, withiqflte iut eight years, not Itse than seventy-five thou-
sbnd ,J.ill huia lsuvet. :ne ixprJd.d tby itie trustee. a r,. ih Alhuni
A'o.'-aiinn in 'rriing new builJidngt er.d in inpr.oving the ground,
ilie I-Liure rtomI, tine1 i1.hid'.pLical sad cheiru',l asparsaitus, the
Uluiseutu, ariJ I .: ihiry. Anl..ugtl ill liiia0 ,tl'-iin has been in
operation nearly a csrriury without interm,,r.on, except a short
time during the Revolutionary war, yet it was never in a more
flourishing condition, nor ever offered Lontter aiarniages for a tho-
rough course,of instruction than at present.
The following gentlemen compose the faculty:
Rev. JAs. CARNAHAN,1).D. President.
Roev, JOHN McL"w, A. M. Vice President and Profeeso of
the Greft k Lm nt.,- a nd Li;trature.
Rev, ALBsse B.r-DOt., A. M. Pr,.tessorof Mathematics.
Jos ts HeRv, A. M. Professor of Ndituril Philorophy.
Rev. JAM6t. W ALEXANDER, A.M. Pr.fe-aro ul Belles Lettres
and Latin.
JcHN \rsREv, u. D. Professor of Chemistry.
BevE iT.r J.:es, A. M. Professor of Modern Languages and
Lecturer on Natural History.
STEPHEN ALEXANDER, A. M. Professor of Astronomy and Ad.
junct Professor of Mathematics.
EvERT M. ToPPING, A. M. Adjunct Professor of the Greek
and Latin Languages.
WM. S. CooL0y, A. M. CHAs. K. IMBaue, A. M, War. W,
WOODHULL, A. M. Tutors.
WILLIAM DOD, A. B. Register.
The method of instruction is i.t l.tiui, i.:i-t.-u.)sr, and ,eita-'
tions. A new method of examirini-,.n 6s laiely t..:--n intioJuced,
which is found to answer an es .-litni p,rp.-ae. Ih thiws, the tta-
dent is required to give written answers to a number of questions
presented to him in the recitation-room; the answers are written
in the same room, and in the presence of the instructor. It is
proposed to introduce the same plan, in part, into the daily reci-
tations of the class, in order that each individual may be called
on more frequently.
In addition to the regular recitations of the classes, the follow-
ing course of Lectures will be delivered during the common year,
viz. On moral .l-..---i-, rhetoric, English literature, astrono-
my, chemistry, mineralogy, botany, i *y, i.'ee..., Eel, rhra,ical
philosophy, physics, architecture, and i':ci liki-m'b,re. Notes
are required to be taken on these lectures, and the subjects fre-
quently recited.
On application to the president or any of the professors, pa-
rents and teachers will be furnished with a programme cf the
course of study and a statement of expenses.
oct 20-cptl2ih Nov.
VALUABLE PROPERTY FOR SALE.-By vir-
tue of a deed of trust executed to the subscribers by the
Catawba Iron Works Co. of record in the County Court of Beo-
tetourt, Va. we shall, on the 17th qof December next, at the Fur-
nace of the Catawba Iron Works Co. Catawba creek, about nine
miles from Fineastle, in the county of Botetourt, offer for sale, at
public auction, all the lands owned by the Catawba Iron Works
Co. consisting of a tract of 1,200 acres, on which the said Fur-
nace and many oilier valuable improvements are situated i; and
another tract containing between 7,000 and 10,000 acres, made up
of several tracts formerly owned by David Ross, and which were
conveyed by the seamne David Ross's executor and heirs to the Ca-
tawba Iron Works Company. On the first named tract Anthracite
cool is found in great abundance within one mile of the Furnace,
and Iron Ore within the same o.unvenien! distancee. The improve-
ments are very fine. In addition to the Furnace and other neces-
sary buildings, there are on this tract a valuable Grist Mill, Saw
Mill, and several good Dwelling Houses. The iron and castings
made at this establishment are of very superior quality. The me-
tal is equal if not superior to any made in the State of Virginia.
This valuable property will be sold upon a credit of 9, 1I, and 24
months. If desihed, the tract containing between 7,0)00and ti0,0l"i
acres will be sold in parcels tosuit purchasers. At the -au-ie ii
we will offer for sale, at public auction, upon a credit of 6 months, 5
or 6 tons of castings also, all the personal property at the works,
including marking tools, flasks, patterns, &c, Purchasers will be
required to give bonds with good security for the amount of their
purchases. The title of the above property is believed to be
good; acting as trustees we will only convey such title as is
vested in us. WM. d. ARCHER,
nov 6-2awts ALEX. P. ESKRIDGE.
EXTENSIVE SALE OF VALUABLE LANDS
E IN VIRGIN IA.-Pursuant to a deed of trust from John
Beale Steenbergen to the subscribers, dated the 25th day of Ja-
nuary, 1840, and upon record in the County Court of Shenan-
doah; and, also, under the authority of a decree by consent of
the Circuit Superior Court of Shenandoah county, at the April
term last, in the suit therein depending on the Bank of the Unit-
ed States against the Trustees of Steenbergen, we will offer at
public sale, to the highest bidders, in farms so laid off as to suit
purchasers, on Thursday, the 12th day of Noveumber next, at
Mount Jackson, about 2,650 acres of Jand, lying in Shenandoah
county, Virginia, west of the Valley Turnpike stoad, and within
a few miles of Mount Jackson, lying partly on Mill Creek,. pon*
saisting of ehe tracts bought at dlfrPei,,i times by said Steenber-
gen of Lindawood, Wisinan, Alexander, Ryman, Zircle, John
Will, Shaver, Pence, end others.
These land are of the best quality generally, of limestone up-
land, well watered, and in the best state ef cultivation and im-
provement, with a number of ex-atiant farm-houses and other
necessary buildings thereon. The late improvemenersirnrrB7ss
portation have made them convenient to the best markets for pro-
duce. The lands will be shown to purchasers by Rhesa Allen,
living near Mount Jackson ; and the other Trustees, at Winches-
ter, will exhibit and explain the maps of the lands. These lands
are in every way worthy the attention, at this time, of enterpris-
ing agriculturists. Undisputed titles, clear of all incumbrances,
will be given to purchasers.
The Trustees have also for sale, in addition to the above lands,
about 3,000 acres on the Shenandoah River, near Mount Jackson,
with some valuable Mill property. These lands are composed of
a part of the celebrated Mount Airy Estate, and of lands adjoin-
ing, purchased of Reuben Miller, Robert Allen, and others.
They include Some 600 acres of prime river bottom, the balance
being first-rate limestone land, well watered and timbered. Up-
on the whole, this land is believed to be superior to any in the
United States. It can be advantageously divided into four or five
farms. The Trustees will give any information respecting it, and
invite capitalists to view it in person. It will be sold as soon as
possible without incurring a great sacrifice. The above lands
may be sold at private sale.
Terms of sale : One-fourth of the purchase money to be paidin
cash, and the residue in three equal annual payments, without in-
terest. A. S. TIDBALL,
JAMES MARSHALL, jr.
ROBERT Y. CONRAD,
RHESA ALLEN,
sept8- 3taw Trustees, Shenandoalh County, Virginia.
0'IRUSTEES' SALE OOF VALUABLE REAI,
I ESTATE.-Iu consequence of the non-compliance of
purchasers with thl, terms of sale, and by virtue of an order of
the Chancellor of Maryland, the undersigned, as trustees, will
offer at public sale on Friday, the 27th day of November instant,
(if fair, if not, the next fair day thereafter,) at 12 o'clock M. at
Rose Mount, late the residence of Gov. Joseph Kent, deceased,
all the real estate of which the said Joseph Kent died setzed, ex-
cept that portion of said real estate which lies near Bladensburg,
and which was sold at the sale made on the tat October to Edward
Suit. This estate contains about nine hundred and seven acres,
and is fully equal to any estate in Maryland. The widow'sdower
has been laid off by commissioners for that purpose appointed by
the decree, and so much of said land will be sold subject to the
widow's dower, the residue of the estate will be sold free from
the widow's dower, and the whole estate will be sold together or
will be separated to suit purchasers. As this land will he positive-
ly sold without reserve, it is hoped that all who may desire to pur-
chase will attend the sale.
The terms of sale as prescribed by the decree are : one-fifth
cash on the day of sale or the ratification thereof by the Chancel-
lor ; the balance of the purchase money to be paid in equal in-
stalments of one, two, and three years from the day of sale, the
purchasers to give bond with security, to be approved by the
trustees, for the payment cf said iestalments, with interest from
the day of sale.
The trustees, as required by the decree, da hereby give nnt;ce
to the creditors of the said Joseph Kent, deceased, to file their
claims, with the vouchers thereof, in the Chancery office, within
four months from the day of sale.
THOMAS G. PRATT, Trustees.
JAMES KENT,
nov 3-cpts Upper Marlboro'.
mRUSTEE'S SALoE.-By virtue of a decree of Charles
County Equity Court, I will, on the 10th day of November
next, at the Court House in Port Tobacco, offer to sell at public
auction all the right, title, interest, and claim, in law and equity,
of George Mason, John Tucker, and the late Thomas Martin, snd
their heirs, of, in, and to, that well-known Fishing Landing called
"Rum Point," with all the land, about fifty acres,very rich; houses,
buildings and fixtures attached to the estate. This property lies
at the mouth of the Mattawoman creek, and gives to fishermen the
immense advantage of a haul or birth both in the river Potomac,
an which it lies on one side, and also ii the mouth of the creek.
The buildings are excellent, and of brick, with extensive sheds to
cure fish in. Its excellence as a shad and herring fishery is so
well known that further description is deemed unnecessary.
Also, a tract or parcel of land adjoining the town of Benedict,
lying immediately on the Patuxent river, very rich, together with
several good houses, and a lot in Benedict.
All which property wys heretofore conveyed by said Tucker, in
trust, to said Martin, and the title to the same is deemed clear of all
dispute. All further particulars given when desired, and the pro-
perty shown at any time.
Terms.-A credit of six, twelve, and eighteen months will be
given; the purchaser or purchasers giving bond, with approved
security, bearing interest from the day of sale. I am authorized,
upon the ratification of the sale, and payment of the purchase
money, to execute a deed or deeds to the purchaser or purcbaaseir
annveying in fee simple the said estates. W. B. STONE,
Port Tobacco, Oct. 6, 1840. Trustee.
oct 13-cp4w


NE HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.-Ran
away from the farm on which I reside my negri man
ROBERT, who calls himself Robert Aqnilla. He i a very small
man, not more than 6 feet 4 or 5 inches high, very black, asod is,
I suppose, about 28 years old. He went offfrom his ploigb in his
working dress, and took no other clothing that I laoia., r wlth
him. He maylurk bmtw ihi- ,6glhbth.o.d for a time, but very
probably will make for Mr. I)ernnai .)d's, near South river, In
Anne Arundel county, where he has relatives. I will give the
above reward for his apprehension, no matter where taken, and
fifty dollars mere if taken out of the State or the District of Co-
lumbia. ROBT. W. BOWIE,
sept 9-tf Mattaponi, Princ q eorge's county 1id,


(


X-eo 4c






'.2


far- ~ ~ ~ 1 --.-5-M ^ ^^^- ^

NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER.

[The following communication was received from our
Paris correspondent at a time when our columns were so en-
grossed by Congressional and other exciting matter, that we
were obliged, very reluctantly, to defer its insertion to a more
convenient season. The degree in which the character and
memory of the deceased GENERAL are honored and cherished
in this country, together with the celebrity of his distinguished
eulogist, will impart to Count MoLE's oration deep interest
for all our readers and countrymen; we therefore seize the
earliest opportunity to lay it before them.]

PROM THE PARIS CORRESPONDENT OP THIS PAPER.

PARIS, FEBRUARY 24, 1840.
On Saturday last, the 2-2d inst. Count MOLE
pronounced, in the Chamber of Peers, to "a
crowded house"-the Duke of ORLEANS and the
Ministers present-his funeral eulogy of the late
Gen. BERNARD. The orator and the subject both
excited an interest peculiarly strong; and the sim-
ple yet expressive and dignified delivery enhanced
the effect of a production skilful and happy in
every respect. I was so much gratified in read-
ing it, that 1 proceeded, immediately, to dictate
a translation of the whole, which I send you, on
he supposition that so much direct, authoritative,
and curious testimony concerning BERNARD and
NAPOLEON cannot fail to be acceptable in our
country. It is a sort of celebration, on my part,
of WASHINGTON'S birthday, to whose glorious
memory I do not know that a more pregnant com-
pliment was ever paid than NAPOLEON'S remark,
in 1811, to Count MOLE, about BERNARD'S prob-
able preference for the American hero, such as he
described the young officer of engineers to be in
his scrutinizing eye. This was not the only oc-
casion on which the Emperor, at the height of his
power and renown, betrayed his own sense of the
contrast between his character and that of WAsm-
INOTON.
GENTLEMEN From the beginning, you have never inter-
mitted the solemn and religious custom of rendering a last
homage to the memory of those of your number who have
paid the debt of humanity. All, indeed, have claim to your
regrets, to your esteem, for the services which they per-
formed to the State, and the part which they took in your
labors. But the task of the orator is more or less fortunate,
more or less difficult, according to the life which he has to
portray for you in its chief features. Such as now die,
have passed through stormy times-times of passion and
party, in which virtue and intellect, intrepidity and will,
manifest themselves in all their force and lustre; yet, during
which, the soul is subject to trials so severe that sovereign
justice can be dispensed to character by God alone, whether
the renown of the individual glitter above our heads, or his
star be still eclipsed by public prejudice.
Now and then, however, Providence casts into the midst
of these formidable eras one of those natures, so erect anti
pure, a life so simple and honorable, that they seem to b(
thus allotted as evidence of the perpetuity of virtue on earth,
and in order to apprize the rulers who elect functionaries thai
such men are always to be found. Doubtless no one, after
this preamble, will be surprised to hear me pronounce the
name of General BERNARD.
The whole Chamber, I am persuaded, has already accepted
my words, and, nevertheless, it knows of so excellent a lift
only what an incomparable modesty could not conceal. Yo,
may, perhaps, lament that such a career should not be cele-
brated by a voice more eloquent than mine, more worthy oi
my audience; still, either I deceive myself, or I had a per-
sonal tribute to discharge here. President of that Cabinei
in which General BERNARD consummated his self-devotion
to his country, I saw him, every day, struggling against thi
external passions and animosities, the very existence of which
the nobleness of his spirit scarcely allowed him to recognise
1 saw him recruiting his strength of soul in his conscience
alone, and seeking the reward of his sacrifice in the fulfil
ment of his duties! I saw him, in fine, enduring or defying
constant outrage from the injustice of party, with a serenity)
'which excluded the idea of any the least bitterness of resent-
ment, however lawful, and which argued distress at the ob-
Atedes thrown i lis way, on account, merely, of the gooo
which they prevented. Do not, gentlemen, apprehend that 1
am about to deviate, be-fure you, from his example, or to uttel
recrimination by the side of a tomb. Justice comes at length
to those whio can wait for its advent; it comes from the na
tion, end tver, with due time, good and complete. Here was
thKentire reliance of General BERNARD. The narrative upon
which I proceed to enter will convince you that he lived onl)
to serve his country.
Is periods of regularity and calm, when years quietly fol-
low years, the past existence of public men-each of their
steps in their transit-remains marked in the recollection of
their immediate contemporaries. But if, on the contrary,
convulsion succeeds to convulsion; if a country has the mis-
fortune to see its political order, and even its rulers, un-
dergoing perpetual change, then men seem to date only
froam the most recent of the rapid vicissitudes; they retain
credit for the services of the eve alone, all the rest is forgot-
ten; then the present absorbs, devours every thing. I my-
self-shall I say it-myself, whose life was spent so near to
his-hardly could I remember with an effort all that I had
seen. Allow me, therefore, to dilate, somewhat complacent.
ly, upon the beginnings of him whose dissolution you
deplore. He was of the class that are not worthily praised
if the least addition be made to absolute truth.
SIMoN BERNARD was born at Dole, in the Jura, on the 28th
April, 1779, of poor and respected parents. His father, a
simple mechaniC, could have neither the means nor the am-
Sbiton to give him an education fit to render him what he
'became. He owed his rise exclusively to his own energies
and to a decided vocation. There are, as you must have of-
ten observed, twe paths by which to reach the summit, in
starting from the furthest point: some men, in the impetuosity
of their temperaments, dash over space, break down obstruc-
dions, regardless of all the rules of a legitimate advancement,
and all proper limits to avidity; others (and these are the
rarest) desire and ask of fortune and their country such re-
compense alone as the father of a family gives to his best ser-
vants. Perhaps, gentlemen, you will seek for General BEa-
MARD another description-perhaps you will exalt him even
above the most disinterested, when you shall have followed
him, along with me, from his birth to his grave.
The first years of SIMON BERNARD passed, as had gone by
all the years of his father, whose domestic virtues it seemed
his destiny to reproduce, when a mere chance operated to de-
-velop and display mental powers and aptitudes unknown, un-
til then, to the possessor himself. A bevy of children,
among whom was BERNARD, had several times scaled the
walls of a garden in order to get at the fruit within. The
ecclesiastics to whom the fruit and garden belonged, lay in
ambush and pounced upon the depredators, the most of whom
contrived, however, to escape. BERNARD alone remained in


their hands; he suffered the penalty for all; but the monks,
as soon as they had satisfied their anger, conceived some
alarm for the consequences of their severity. They thought
It advisable to endeavor to propitiate the boy before they set
him free. They soon discovered in what way only they
could succeed. They gave him books; added instructions;
offered to teach him, if he would return, French syntax and
the elements of the mathematics. The boy with whom those
impressions of justice, to which, in the man, we saw all
others subordinate, were already strong, soon forgot the
chastisement admitted by his conscience, and, eager to profit
by the opportunity of being taught, went back clandestinely
to the monks for their promised lessons. The father of St.
MON, however, soon detected and understood the affair, and
became proud of the unusual dispositions of the son, which
(the activity of mind in particular) had inspired him with
some fears.
There was then, at Dole, a very erudite priest who loved
youth, and knew how to gain its affections; the Abb6 JANTEs
(all the friends of BERNARD will hail the mention of his name
in this place) conceived the wish to know the boy so much
praised, and speedily became so closely attached to him that
he did not allow a separation until his pupil was qualified to
embark in the career in which the good man expected him to
outstrip all competitors. The temperament of BERNARD was
not of thedescription which-susceptible of all kinds of im-
pressions aud emotions, receiving them from all sources-
#od#, 4,gr having hesiatitd bWywep WtaVWr agitated or iA.


terests it, by suffering itself to be impelled to and Ao with- you may deem excessive. N..v--a day every one makes and to engage in the execution of them. Those who knew Gen.
out a definite choice. In his heart, goodness had exclusive fashions a NAPOLEON to his own use. His great name is in- BERNARD cannot be surprised that he was capable of this de-
sway ; in his soul, justice; he deduced from his enlightened voked for the notions which he contemned the most; for the gree of resolution and enterprise. But the passing world
moral sense the necessity and love of devotion te his duties. passions which it will be his endless glory to have suppressed does not discern that the firmest, most decided spirit is some-
Such was from the outset, his unsophisticated and upright or mollified. General BERNARD observed this, and often join- times couched under the mildest demeanor. Modesty is ta-
nature. He had, besides, a most unequivocal turn and predi- ed with me in the complaint. I think that I offer additional ken at its word, and the fact forgotten that there are men who
election for the exact sciences, the craving, as I may call it, of homage to my colleague's memory in recording here that neveracknowledgeeven to themselves thesum of their worth,
demonstration; the whole man in him felt the need of strict common sentiment, even after the success of their undertakings. Such men do
truth in all matters. The manner in which Captain BERNARD acquitted himself appear, gentlemen i the one for whom we grieve was an ad-
He had scarcely reached his fourteenth year, when-thanks of the reconnaissance upon Vienna procured for him the com- mirable pattern.
to the care and lessons of the Abbh JaNTis-he passed with mand of a battalion. In his view, a grade higher changed The Revolution of 1830 fixed again the heart and atten-
signal success through an examination at the College of only the order of his duties and thesphere of his activity. He tion of BERNARD on his country. He had terminated all the
Dole, on the higher mathematics, natural philosophy, and saw in it, not so much the reward of services as an encourage- plans which composed the vast system of defence and com-
iehemistry. ment to loftier effort. He set out for Ingolstadt, of which he mercial communication, and already expended more than a
After such a probation, the master thought it time to oh- was charged to demolish the fortifications, and thence repair- hundred millions in their execution. France soon regained
tain admission for the pupil into that central school of public ed to Dalmatia, where, under the orders of the Duke of Ra- her son, as modest, as poor, anid as impatient to serve her as
works, since denominated the Polytechnic. A year, gentle- gusa, he evinced his talents as an engineer by sketching mag. ever. No man, alas I foresees his own destiny. BERNARD,
men, has not elapsed since I heard, with that complex- unificent roads through a barbarous country, and where he when he re-entered the realm so dear to him, was far from
ional naiveti which neither age nor the various adventures of followed up against the Montenegrines a war so terrible that anticipating the sacrifices ef so new a kind to which he would
his life could impair, the dismay with which he was seized his celer:ty and vigor in pursuing them through the depths of be called, and upon what field of battle he should exhaust his
when he heard the examiner express astonishment that a their valleys and over the declivities of their mountainseaus- last breath of life for the public weal. Under the Empire, a
child should dare enter the lists with the flower of the ado- ed the barbarous enemy to distinguish him by the surname nature such as his could not be satisfied: he was thrown, as
lescent collegians. Not only did he go well through the trial, of the s-tag. When called from Illyria to the superintend- it were, aside from his convictions, and particularly from his
but so well that the disconcerted director was compelled to ence of the works at Antwerp, with the grade of Major, he true predilections; his being merged in that glory with which
place him among the heads in the official report. On his stopped on his way at Ingolstadt, where he married her whose the greatest nation of the world intoxicated herself every day.
return to his native city, his father, mother, and that esti- hand hie solicited during his first visit, and who proved the Under the Restoradion, while he prized the institutions which
mable benefactor the Abbh JANTES welcomed him with their worthy partner of his life. France enjoyed for the first time, and which provided so ma-
benedictions. Shortly, he set out for Paris, in the depth of I was not mistaken, gentlemen, when I told you that BER- ny guaranties for that liberty, that distributive justice, the
an extremely hard winter, on foot, with a wallet on his back NARD should be included in the number of those whom NA. two-told object of his worship, he could not reconcile himself
and an iron shod staff in his hand. POLEON never overlooked after thefirst personal acquaintance, to the concomitant circumstances, and his secret soul invaria-
Never in our history, and I do not fear to add in any coun- His new appointment was the most important of the kind bly revolted and protested against foreign invasion.
try, had there existed a focus of light, a centre of instruction, that the Emperor could confer. In the mighty contest with The national movement of 1830 corresponded to all his
comparable to that which the Central School of Public Works England, all his attention, all his hopes, were concentrated wishes, and raised to the throne a prince earnest to collect
then formed. LAGRANGE, LAPLACE, HAUY, MONUE, BERTHO- upon the Scheldt, and he had formed vast schemes for Ant- about him all the men of whom the country was proud, The
LET, CHAPTAL, FOURCaRoy, taught there a body of youth ea- werp. As Director General of Roads and Bridges, I super- King named him his aid-de-camp. Now BERNARD found
ger to learn, and abundantly proud of being taught by those intended the construction of those magnificent docks, the authority allied to goodness, and the royal purple in the midst
immortalmasters. Twoyearslater,(l love thereminiscence,) completion of which was ultimately entrusted to the marine of all private and domestic virtues. Raised to the eminent
of the same age as BERNARD, as poor,.and more destitute than engineers. BERtNARD had the fortifications; he employed, as post of Lieutenant General of Engineers, he thought himself
he was, I freely applied myself to the same lessons, and yield- I did, Spanish and Swedish prisoners; and theengineersun- in prt, and hoped to finish his life in his old arid favorite
ed to that impulsion towards the exact and natural sciences der my orders found occasion to confer with him daily. In occupation ; but that invisible hand which wields our fate
which was one of the characteristic traits of the epoch. Si- all their reports they extolled so much the intelligence, the transferred him to a career of which a soul such as his could
MON BERNARD was the bearer of a letter of recommendation address, the extensive information, the firm yet bland charac- no more forebode the torment and the bitterness than compre-
to the illustrious LAorANAE; but, exhausted by fatigue, ter of the Major of Engineers, that 1 conceived a lively de- bend the Vain gratifications which cause it to be so much
pierced with cold, SIMON, as he proceeded along the quay of sire to know him ; and I was not long without the oppor- desired. On the 6th of September, 1836, the Moniteur ain-
the Seine, fell senseless on the driving snow. No one can unity, nounced to the army and to France that the King had nomi-
say that he would ever have risen, without the aid of a comn- In the month of September, 1811, the Emperor, acco.q.pa. nated General BERNARD his Minister of War. He had long
passionate woman, who ran to him, arid carried him into he, ni ed by the Empress MARIA LouisA, wished to pay a second declined the place aLd resisted the warmest instances. D,;
shop. When she had there brought him back to life by visitt to Belgium and the banks of the Scheldt, and to enter not suppose, however, that he recoiled from the difficulties
warmth and nourishment, she made him enter a hack, for Holland. I received orders to attend him on the journey, which awaited the new administration; or that he quailed
which she did not fail to pay, and sent himr to the Palais- nd had indeed preceded him as far as Antwerp. When he before party injustice and violence. No, gentlemen, his
Bourbon. Such details as these, gentlemen, you will r0, arrived there, NAPOLEON assembled a mixed council of engi- tastes, his habits, and his invincible diffidence of his powers
deem without some attraction. When you shall contemplate neers, in which all the questions touching the maritime works alone begot the repugnance which he manifested. No, if he
the same SIMON BERNARD, a distinguished savant, one of the or defence of Antwerp were discussed or solved. It was had expected the storms with which we were destined to
veterans and chiefs of our army, your colleague-Minister, ii, there that I distinguished BERNARD for the first time. As- contend together, he would, I am sure, have grasped my hand
fine-you will recall the incident, not to wonder at the ca- auredly we were both far from imagining our future lot, but at the first word, arid quickly seated himself by my side.
prices of fortune, but to bless Providence for having, on that we experienced then a common anxiety for that of our coun- The 15th of April did not separate us. The new Cabinet
occasion, ordained such succor for desert andI virtue, try. We were then aware, as we afterwards said it to each might raise strong sympathies in the breast of BERNARD; it
Simplicity of soul and goodness of heart are, perhaps, the other, that glory alone, that prodigious exploits, founded had just attempted the reconciliation of parties, or rather the
only qualities that disarm envy; hence, BERNARD escaped if nothing; and that the more civilized the age, the more cer- approximation of those shades of opinion, separated by motives
every where. He was thie youngest of the school, and all his i ain the triumph, in the end, of enlightened men, of reason, of in which conviction and principle had too little share. The
comrades loved him, though he was an object of special par- truth, of justice, over force, and the accountability of force amnesty dawned; honest minds startled at this great act;
tiality with all the masters. MoNGE-chiefly Monge, with 'or its characteristic deeds. At thie close of the sitting the some malignant passions rejoiced : its preamble left no douhb
whom NAPOLEON loved to talk-who had accompanied thu Emperor kept me alone. mt Did you note," said he to me, respecting the sentiments by which it was dictated ; time,
warrior to Egypt-whose conversation was his recreational "the fair man, a young officer of engineers'I When I meet nevertheless, was required for the new administration to
the Tailleries-the same MONGE who could imbue sublinm a man ofhiscast, tadvancehim; I point him out to others; make itself known, so as to restore confidence to the good
geometry with the colors of a vivid imagination, took th I should not be surprised that he had liked WASHINGTON and confound the hopes of the malevolent. It had to provu
young BERNARD to his affections so tenderly that he stood better than myself. What is that to me l Dopeople think that, instead of yielding any thing from weakness, it acted bi
him in lieu of a father, and prosecuted the work of the Abbe th it I look only for men without positive sentiments, con- system, and felt itself strong enough to fear nothing from th,
JANTES by directing him in his new career. victions of their own 1 I require it of no one to think as I experiment of so much clemency. Parties do not abdicat,
Lodged in a garret of the street of Verneuil, with a fellow- do ; I ask every one to help me in making the French the but when they cease to deem themselves the strongest. Th,
student, he subsisted upon Indian meal sent him by his mo first people in the world. I have found in that young man amnesty came after glorious struggles in which they hat
ther-the food of hischildhood; he fell homesick; his health, one of my best engineers, dauntless courage, and particular- been vanquished, ant] it spared self-love by offering oblivior
naturally delicate, declined apace; but, accustomed from hi, ly a s-inse of duty, a probity, a love of truth, which I have in lieu of pardon. Its results disconcerted the adversaries oi
cradle to subdue his feelings and rely upon his industry alone, rar, ly encountered. These qualities are the first in my es- the Cabinet, and transcended the expectations of its abettors.
ie applied himself with fresh ardor to his manifold task timation ; I wish it to be known ; BERNARD is of plebeian France was no longer saddened by regicide plots and political
Early, he came out second in a promotion of the young en. origin, the architect of his own fortunes. Yes," added he, insurrections; but it is not with parties alone that our insti-
gineera. Now begins his military career. On quitting th( smiling, "just as myself, and that always interests me." tulions bring the rulers into conflict. The strife of ambitious,
school of Metz, where his constitution was so fortified as tc It was not, however, until 1813, at the beginning of the individuals may create for them more perplexity and inmpedi-
render him capable of enduring the hardest fatigues, he madt tupendius campaign that terminated with the battle of Leip- meant, than parties themselves can occasion danger or turmoil
his first campaign with the army of the Rhine. His dgbu .ic, that BERNARD was promoted to the rank of Colonel and A suffering country is then astonished at the circumstance
was that of a hero," repeated, at his grave, one of his brother rid-de-camp of the Emperor. When passing a narrow bridge that, without apparent perils, without convulsions, without
officers-one of the most illustrious in the scientific arms ol o ,n horseback, by the coach door of NAPOLEON, BERNARD was violence, business languishes upon every side, and the interests
France. This testimony, gentlemen, is so authoritative, is teccidentally forced over, and his horse drowned. Though of so many classes are in jeopardy. It easily mistakes thi
so precious, that 1 am fain to remind you of it emphatically, .e broke his leg in the fall, he retained strength and resolu- causes of the evil, and, temporarily at least, it is brought t,
Modest and courageous, coveting only what hie had earned, tion to swim ashore, aid drif hi.,.-. i along to head-quarters, accuse those whom, if better informed, it would wish to sue-
preferring comparative obscurity to mere favor, BERNARD, in ['here the surgeon, IVAN, declared to him that ihe could not tain. Gentlemen, you must have seen General BERNARD in,
the army of reserve, upon the Rhine, in Italy, every her,., ,ie cured, unless be consented to stay behind and'give himself the midst of so many impassioned complications, of so many
signalized himself by brilliant feats, and quickly won his epau- eot. BERNARD would not litt v to tis counsel; he followed banners mingled and confounded to the wonder of these wh,
lets. It was in the grade of captain that he had oceasin to bhe army on a liner, carri-d by relays of peasants. NAPO- rallied unler them, in order to know how much astonishment
make himself known to the Emperor, and drew upon himself LEON had ordered the surgeon to accimipany him night and anid chagrin the sad experience of such things could general
ihat tutelary notice which was never diverted from the man .lay, and even to remain with him in case he fell into the in the heart of a worthy man. Such a man, at first, grows-
whose worth it once divined. The Emperor opened that [ands of the enemy. Under a drenching rain and a murder- uneasy and doubtful; he struggles against evidence; he can-
marvellous campaign with the memorable achievement of the ius fire, BaRNARD threw himself into Torgau, along with not persuade himself to recognize in another sentiments o01
reduction of Ulm. About to leave Strasbourg, hie requested 8,000 men sent to reinforce the garrison commanded by Count motives foreign to his own nature. At length he yields ti
General MARESCAT to provide him with an officer of the en- Louis DE NARBONNE, another aid-de.camp of the Emperor. conviction ; he experiences the deepest mortification and
gineer corps, competent ta push a reconnaissance to the very For the three months of the awful siege, with fever and fam- distress; but, incapable of hatred as of vindictiveness, of idle
walls of Vienna, and to bring back information not less im inme in all their horrors, BERNARD was the soul of the defence, regrets as of selfish anger, he rises up after the combat, or, i-
portant in the object than perilous in the search. In behold- Notwithstanding his acute sufferings and the decline of his you will, after the fall, and awaits without impatience th(
ing this young officer, gentlemen, in the presence of him whot health, he directed the works in person, from the shoulders period when truth and justice shall have their turn.
then moulded the destinies of all, about to receive instructions of his faithful servant, CLEMENT. Our troops evacuated Tor- Gentlemen, I am merely giving the history and portrait o
from the mouth of NAPOLEON, you already anticipate his high gau, and BERNARD, then fully recovered, had the melancholy this excellent person, the lamented General BERNARD. As
fortunes, and you are prepared to offer him your congratula- errand of bearer of the capitulation to France. Near Stras- yet I have said nothing of his administration of the War
ions: stop-SIMON BERNARD would not have apprehended bourg, his post-chaise was overturned, and his right leg brok- Department, because I have been carried away by th,
you: he accepted the errand resolutely, because his duty pre- en again in the same place. Without allowing time for set- pleasure which I found in the delineation of his character.
ascribed it to him to refuse none; he accepted it with delight, t ing it anew, he insisted upon being lifted into the carriage, That administration, however, richly merited public esteem
because he saw it to be a daring enterprise, the preliminary o; ard proceeded, with the utmost speed, as far as Chdlons-sur- and acknowledgment. The honest, sedulous, indefatigabli
thrse triumphs which were to shed fresh glory on our stand- Marue, where the Emperor was. NAPOLEON threw himself Minister suffered no detail of business or duty to escape hi,
ards. But no ambitious thought mingled with his generous into his arms, made him lie down on the carpet, and, seated solicitude. For the army, his heart was that of an old sol
ardor. We can say of him that, from his earliest youth until by his side, with the diagrams before him, hearkened to a re- dier; no language could adequately express, I will not sa/
the moment we lost him, such was his devoted and consistent cital, in which BERNARD omitted no circumstance, however his devotedness merely, but the emotion with which he inces
character that he attained every thing without having aimed -ninute, though he suffered intense agony in his limb. He santly and keenly attended to its smallest interest. As a
at any thing, repaired to Paris for surgical aid; inflammation had reached consequence, how many improvements introduced, without
NAFOLEON judged of men by his own observation alone ; such a height that he escaped amputation by a miracle. The display or report, into all branches of the service; how many
he was endowed with a singular discernment, which would Emperor had created him a Brigadier General. The invalid abuses stifled ; savings effected; salutary regulations estab
have made him unique in whatever condition of life; he woulil was compelled to pass the year 1814 in retirement, which he lished. Never was more good accomplished, without proclaim
admit no definite opinions of a man until he had been in con- improved by resuming the study of the exact sciences, and of ing it ; never was more gratitude earned, without being asked
tact with him. A single conference-a tlte-a-thteesspecially that in particular for which he had an instinctive fondness From the year 1838, the health of Gen. BERNARD began to
-sufficed for his penetration; he saw into the natural bent and aptiruoei-Descriptive Geometry and its application, sink under fatigue so severe; and alarming symptoms were
and degree of capacity, or, at least, he could be sure whether On the 20mh March, 1815, when NAPOLEON returned from the visible to his family and friends. We implored him to give
the individual whom he scrutinized for the first time deserved Island oh Elba, BERNARD stood by him as the o!d aid-de-camp, himself a little repose-but to no purpose; the King, with
to be put taa test which would warrant a definitive estimate, and was invested wuth the management of his topographical those accents of concern and affection which have so much
He was at Ulm when BERNARD returned from his mission, cabinet; he fought at Waterloo, and during four days exert- power in his mouth, pressed him, alike, with fruitless urgen-
The results surpassed his expectation. The Emperortalked, ed himself in vain to rally anl reorganize the army after the cv; and at length commanded him to deduct some hours from
or rather caused BERNARD to be copious in details. A volume battle. He returned to Malmaison, and followed the Empe- an official toil which, in the end, he carried through the night
of Memoirs which bears the name of a man who lived for roe to Rochefort, where he was frustrated in his wish to em- as well as the day. Of all the influences, gentlemen, which
many years in intimacy with NAPOLEON, contains this state- bark with him for St. Helena, animate good deeds and produce honorable lives, the most
menit: BERNARD having, in his official report, suggested the BERNARD came back to Paris with no other plan than that neglected in our time, and yet, perhaps, the noblest, is that
advice to throw the main army on Vienna, without regard- of a tranquil existence in the bosom of his family. He be- of the sense of duty. To this BERNARD immolated his exist-
' ing the Austrian fortresses, the Emperor fell into a rage anl !onged to the creed that the country is to be served, under ence; and not upon those fields of battle where glory hovers
'exclaimed, Ifindy yu very bold, very presumptuous indeed; what government soever it may please to accept or erect, to award the prize, but in the recluse vigils of steadfast and
' you, a petty officer, who venture to h ace for me plans of can- Notwithstanding, his gratitude towards the Emperor and at- conscientious labor, with that recompense only in view which
'paigns.'" Gentlemen, either these Memoirs are spurious, tachmeut to his person withheld him from public life; but, men like him know how to estimate-I mean, self-satisfac-
orthe author had forgotten, when he wrote, the true charac- the Minister of War having requested of him an important tion--the mute and intimate approval which the just man
ter of the extraordinary personage with whom he had com- dissertation, which he alone perhaps could furnish, he under- can accord to himself, and which Heaven attests.
muned. Rely upon the man who now addresses you, and took the task, and executed it with that conscientious zeal Here I should stop; my task is finished'; it is BERNARD
who is equally a witness. NAPOLEON loved and encouraged which predominated in all his performances. Still, neither who requires it. There is nothing harsh or querulous in the
youth: first, on account of the influence over it which he saw his circumspect deportment nor honorable character sufficed accents that issue from his tomb; he prays that the good
that he possessed; secondly, because he could turn to account long to protect him from the suspicion and denunciation that which he could not do may be achieved by other hands, and
its general disengagement; again, because, while no one ap- so dismally marked this juncture. He received orders to quit the lessons of the past benefit the future. Such, gentlemen,
preeiated more thie advantages of prudence, he yet, from his Paris, and repair to Dole, his native city, where he was to is the sway of particular characters, even after their demise.
own propensities and habits, preferred boldness and enter- stay under police supervision. Gentlemen, the purer the soul, To pay them suitable homage we are obliged to imbue our
rise. Few narratives would be more curious than a cor- the simpler the heart, the more injustice galls us, the more speech with their virtues. Happy the departed whose life
rect one of the relations of NAPOLEON with youth, and difficult resignation. BERNARD decided to quit that land for was pure enough to forbid all attempt to defend it; whose
the share which he assigned to it in the execution of his which he had so often faced death. He announced by letter soul was sufficiently generous, sufficiently exalted, to render
designs. Precisely because BERNARD just opened his ca- to General LAFAYETTE his design to join him in America, even the idea of vindication an outrage on his m-mory.
reer, because he was young, frank, brave, did the Emperor wishing to give a last example of his respect for legal power. I would now descend from this tribune if I did not feel that


instruct him thus: Go to Vienna, and when you come back of his obedience to the Government of his country. He soli- I have one duty more to discharge on this occasion. Ten
tell me if I can rush thither." When the messenger had re- cited and obtained before he set out the consent of the King, years have elapsed since BERNARD left America; ten years
turned, the commander would naturally put him at his ease, Louis XVIII. have been, more than once, enough, in our old Europe, to
in order to extract from him the truest, most graphic views We have already noted that, with the solid merit, the pro- obliterate from the memory, and alas! from the hearts of men,
of the impressions which he had received. I regret that this found knowledge of BERNARD, were associated those quail- the durable services or the egregious qualities of the (lead.
is not an occasion on which I might communicate all that I ties, those manners which repel or preclude envy. In Amer- You are acquainted with that order of the day, dated Wash-
think of the many works relating to NAPOLEON. The history ica, the aid-de-camp of the Emperor excited at first an eager ington, the 9th of Jandary, 1840, in which the President of
of his era, or of the events of his life, may have been adequate- curiosity, and, ere long, that affectionate esteem always and the Union, participating in the sincere grief felt for the death
ly written; but the man is yet to be delineated. The paint. every where his speedy conquest. The Government of the of Gen. Bernard, by the officers of the Army, with whom he was
er-he who could master all the secrets of that gigantic, sub. Union immediately understood the services which such a se long associated in the performance of important military
lime, unfinished, incoherent nature-would be as wonderful man could render, and devolved upon him the greatest public duties, and desirous of evincing a proper respect both for his
as the original. If he has appeared, gentlemen, it is NAPO- works which perhaps have ever been executed or projected in eminent services to this country and for his virtues as a man,
LEON himself, any country. To connect all parts of the Union by roads, directs that the officers of the Army wear mourning for thirty
The first time, I recollect, that in one of those unrestrain- canals, navigable rivers; and taking for basis of the largest days. It is, indeed, difficult to decide which, here, should be
ed conversations, which are among the most precious remem- scheme of internal communication those lakes which Europe most admired, the individual worthy of this immortal homage,
branches of my life, I heard him speak of himself and about envies America, which, like inland seas, exhibit every or the People who, after so many years of interval, deposited
himself, as of a singular being whom he had subjected to the where trade and animation on their banks; to secure from all it on the tomb of the stranger, from whom they had nothing
nicest philosophical research, to the most rigorous analysis, invasion a frontier of fourteen hundred leagues, by construct. further to expect. Honor, gentlemen, to grateful nations!
without prepossession or bias toaffect hisjudgment, I then felt, ing fifteen fortresses and a much greater number of forts: above all, to those who glorify the private virtues, and who
shall I say it, a sort of terror, as if one of the laws of Nature such, gentlemen, was the undertaking that General BERNARD never grow weary of esteeming the men whom they exalt, or
had been suddenly suspended to my sight. By and by, you submitted to the wisdom of the American Government. Judge publicly honor. Are you net moved, allow me to add, in see-
yourselves will hear him explain to me how and why he how much of toil, travel, fatigue, inspection, exploration, of ing deserts so modest, a character so pure-BERNARD, in fine--
sought out men of General BERNARD'S stamp, and earnestly every kind, over this immense territory, was to be undergone receive after death a tribute of gratitude and veneration such
segregated them from the herd. Pardon this digression, too before a mind so disciplined, a spirit so conscientious, defini- as all the ambitious, the proud ones of the earth, might envy
short, certainly, for my own gratifiation, but which, perhaps, lively adopted projects so stupendous, and boye aill, offered 4im in his grave 1


FROM LATE FRENCH PAPERS,
RECEIVED FROM OUR EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT.

PACIFIC STEaMeRs.-Extract of a letter from Capt. Pea-
cock, dated on board the Pacilic Sleam N,.% .r.*.. Com-
pany's steiamin-vessel Peru, lat. 9 15 N., long. 25 50 W., out
14 days from Pi, .I,.-
The Peru has hitherto had a most prosperous voyage,
answering in every respect my most sanguine expectations
On leaving Plymouth we experienced a head wind, with a
heavy cross swell, until the evening of the foil,,wing day,
when I ordered the fires to be burnt down, blew out the
boilers, and made sail. On this firsttriil of sailing, although
deep. we got seven knots out of her. There was a good deal
of swell on, and the vessel occasionally rolled de, p; but after
a minute investigation of the moveable parts of the funnel, I
saw no risk in lowering it, and in eight minutes from the
commencement I had the gratification to see it snug in the
chock, without straining a rivet or a rope-yarn. When the
wind died away, we had every thing in its place again, and
the fires l;rhi in four minutes from hauling taught the main
gears. Ti.e operation elicited the admiration of every one
on board. The funnel, when down in the chock, lies with-
in the level of the paddle-box boats, and at a distance would
resemble a i-,g mid-ship gun. It is completely out of thi
way of working the square mainsail, and when down, the
operation of .-io, i.i t is much simplified. We had only
one entire di)'. ..I,.g before getting into the trades, and
then only three more. The trade-wind was very light, ex-
cept for two days out of thethree, when with the wind dead
aft, with lower topmast and top-gallant studding sails set, we
went 11 knots f-r four consecutive hours, and in, the tuienty-
four hours ran 225 miles. This was the greatest run under
sail ; the least was 140, and this was the fifth day of sailin.,
when near the edge of the variables. We only consume hall
a ton of coals per hour on there average, and find no difficulty
of keeping ste inm without the additional length of funnel.
The Hull coals are excellent, and in my own, as well as in
the chief i,.i 's opinion, are superior to the Llanelly
coals. Th- eri.ls t.r. admirably, and the engines work ex-
tremnely well. The vacuum now exceeds28 in both. I per-
ceive the great advantage of Sir W. Burnett's patent solu-
tion on the studding-sails and awnings; it will increase their
value 50 per cent. I am happy to inform you that my pas-
sengers are well, very contented, happy, and comfortable,
which is daily expressed. I hope to lie at Rio on the 26th
day, of which there is every prospect at present." S
[Standard.
HENRY VIII .AND ANNE OP CLEVES.-In 1540 a most splen-
dlid pageant took place at Greerwich, on the occasion of
Henry VIII meeting Anne of Cleves, when it is recorded
that more nearer the foote of Shoter'a Hyl, than the as-
cendent of the nyii ca d Blacke heth Hyl, was pitched a
riche cloth of gold and divers other tentes and pavilions, in
the which were made fyres and perfumes for her and such
lhdyes as should receyve her Grace; and from the tentes to
ilhe Parke gate of Grenewych were all bushes and fyrescutte
downs, and a large and ample waye mailde for the shew of all
persones." On the arrival of Anne of Cleves, the King pro-
ceeded with her and their retinues, in great state, through
the Park, to the court and hallepf Grenewyche, as they
entered which, was shot out of the Tower of Grenewyche,
and there about, a great peale ofgonnes. When the Kyng's
company and hers was entered the Parke as you have heard,
then all the horsemen on Blacks Heath brake their array.
arid had lycence to depart to London or to their lodgyng.
To se howe lunge it was or the horsemen could passe, and
howe late it was in the nyglht yer the footemen could get
over London-brydge, I assure you it was wonderous to be-
lolde, the nombre was so great."-A iumrnmsr's Day at
Greenwich.
INOQUEST AFTER NEARLY THIRTY YEAS.-Wednesday an in-
quest was held in the parish church of Fannet, county of
i)onegil, to investigate the circumstances connected with the
J-oath of a female fund buried in Ballikinurd bog. It ap-
peared from the evidence that while some men were occupied
cutting turf on Friday evening, 21st ult. they discovered thu
body, dressed in a dark stuff gown and flannel p)etticoat, with
a scarlet handkerchief tied round the head. rhe body was
in a state of the most perfect preservation, the flesh not in the
least decayed or shrivelled, but perfectly firm and free from
il unpleasant smell. The wretched woman had evidently
,een barbarously murdered, as her throat was cut in a most
rightful manner, the hair and the riband encircling the head
tamined with blood, and the left arm broken. Several wit-
lie ses were examined, who clearly recognized and identified
lie body asthat of Betty Thompson, wileof Owen M'Swine,
leceased, who suddenly disappeared in the month of May,
1811, under circumstances of a most suspicious nature, It
*vas really astonishing to see a human body for thirty years
inhumed in a bog, with the lineaments apparently perfect anti
rnchanved as the day the unfortunate creature was murder-
,d, and the clothes of the deceased were uninjured by time.
Even the sminall-pox, with which she was slightly marked,
-vere clearly dlsceruible, from the powerful antiseptic proper
lies vf the bog. Every exertion was made to throw light on
he mysterious deed, but without effect. The jury found-
SThat the body was the body of Betty Thompson, who dis-
ippeared in the month of May, 1811, and that she came to
ter death in consequence of a wound inflicted on her throat
with some sharp instrument, by some person or persons un-
known."
GANNAL'S PROCESS FOR EM1BALMrNO.-2.68 Ibs. troy of dry
uulph ite of alumina are dissolved in 88, (or rather more than
three quarters of a pint of hot water.) Five or six pints of a
-olutiou made after these proportions are to be injected into,
all the vws-els of the body to be embalmed. To prevent the
titacek of insects, it i- proper to add 15.43 grains of chloride
if copper to every 2.68 lbs. troy of sulphate of alumina, or
771. grains of arsenic.
A PRACTICAL MAN.-In the course of our ramble in Eng-
land in May last, we visited, one fine sunny morning, the
'rounds at Twickknham consecrated by the genius of Pope.
The country all round is full of poetical associations. With-
o a few miles are the house and grave of Thomson, and the
residence ,f Horace Walpole and Lady Mary Wortley Mon-
ague. The tree planted by Pope remains, flourishing by
he side of the Thames, but the house and grotto have been
destroyed by barbarian hands Fired by the genius loci, we
1iserved to a respectable looking man who came up at th>
ime, What can have induced the people to mutilate andti
lestroy Pope's beautiful grotto, which he formed with such
exquisite taste and care, and where he met all the men of
etnius, the wits and statesmen of his age " Sir,"observ-
Ad the stranger, Pope is dead, and you see we have widen-
ed the road !" This was bad enough, but we fell into con-
versation with the practical man, and mentioned that the
-eenery of England had only one advantage over that ol
Scotland, the noble old trees which grace its plains, of such
-normnious dimensions and antique aspect as to carry the ima-
,ination back to the Plantagenets and Tudors-trees which
heave out their vast lihbs and lay hold of the earth like
giants. True," replied the other, we have some good
nard timber, but you in Scotland have one advantage over
os-yours is a cheap country !" This was too much, and
we took our leave of the practical man.-Inverness paper.
MILITARY KNIGHTS OF WINDSOa.-The following docu
ment is a translation of the letters patent of King Edward
Ill, ann. reg. 22, whereby that illustrious hero and prince
first incorporated and endowed the collegiate chapel of St
George, at Windsor, on the institution of" the most honora-
ule and noble Order of the Garter." A copy of the Latin
original is iin the appendix to Ashmole's History of the
Order of thre Garter," anil. 22 Edw. Ill, par. 2, m. 6:
"Edward, by the grace of GOD King of England ant
France, and Lord of Ireland ; to all who shall see these pre
se.it letters, greeting. It becomes the majesty of a King to
delight always in acts of piety, that when he shall stand be-
fore the tribunal of the Most High KtNo (with whom there
is no acceptance of persons, but every one shall receive ac-
eording to what he hath dune in the body, whether it be good
or whether it be evil) he may be aile to stand among the
good, on the right hand, and not to be condemned with the
reprobated as a slothful and unprofitable servant. We truly,
- i'h irief of heart, carefully remembering the various labors
'l -.,jr life and our own small deserts, as also rightly consi-
dering the Divine favors showed unto us, and the graces and
honors wherewith above others the Most High hath present-
ed us, do greatly repent of those goods which, being granted
us by Gon, we have above measure so often vainly expended
And there remains nothing else for us to do, but only that
unto CuRISa, and his mother, the glorious Virgin, who hath
never failed to defend us, but has hitherto, by her blessed
prayers, protected us, when we were set in many dangers, we
wholly convert our mind, and give unto Him thanks for his
favors, and ask pardon for our offences. And because it is a
good way of merchandise, whereby with a happy bartering
transitory things are exchanged fnr eternal, we have caused
a certain chapel, of convenient beauty, for eight secular ca
nons, sitnate within our castle of Windsor, wherein we were
washed with the water of holy baptism, magnifically begun
to the honor of Saint Edward the Confessor by our progeni.
tors, to which canons, for their sustentation, they allowed a


certain sum of money at their pleasure, and gaveit them for
alms out of their exchequer, to be finished at our royal charge
to the honor of GOD ALMIGHTY, and of his mother, the glo-
rious Virgin Mary, and of the Saints George the Martyr and
Edward the Confessor. And earnestly desiring and effectu-
ally endeavoring that the said canons, being there to serve
the LooD, may be augmented, as well with an increase of re-
venue as in the number of other canons, ministers, an'd ser-
vants, and that in the said chapel the glory of the Divine
name may be exalted with greater worship, unto the afore-
said eight canoi.s we think fit to superadd one custos presid-
ing over them, and fifteen othercanons more, and twenty-four
' poor knights,' impotent of themselves, or inclining to pover-
ty, to be perpetually maintained of the goods of the said cha-
pel, perpetually serving CHRIST, under the command of the
said customs, (or warnlden,) and there cause to be received as
well the canons and knights as other ministers of the said
chapel as is promised. And this we firmly decree, inviolably
ordain, and by our royal authority, as much as in us lies,
establish for ever, willing that the said canons and ministers
perform Divine offices for us and our progenitors and succes-
sors, in part of satisfaction for those things whereof in the
last judgment we are to give an account, they being to cele-
brate for ever, according to the form of our ordination thence
more fully to be made: unto whom the rights of patronage,
and the advowsons of the churches of Wyrardshury in the
diocese of Lincoln, Southtanton of Exon, and Uttoxeter of
Coventry and LichfieMl, which we have lately purchased for
that cause, for us and our heirs, we have given and granted,
and do give and grant, to have and to hold to them and their
successors for free, pure, and perpetual alms, altogether freo


and quit for ever from all secular exaction. We have ase
granted unto them, for us and our heirs, and given leave thit
they, the warilen and canons, may appropriate the said
churches, and hold them so appropriated to their own usas, to
them and their successors for ever, notwithstanding the sta-
tute set forth concernii,g lands and tenem nias not to hbe putto
mortmaine. We will also, that unto the said warden, canons,
knights, and other ministers of the said chapel, there to serve,
so much be paid every year out of our exchquer as, trgt their
with the prnfi's arising from the said churches, shall a em
sufficient and honest for their diet and support of thIe Iurrdins
incumbent on them, according to thie decency of their c-,ndi-
tion the meanwhile, until there shall be provided by us in
goods, immovable lands, benefices, or rents, to an agreeable
sufficience, and to our honor, to the sui) of a thousand pounils
yearly, all which we promise and undertake for us arid for
our heirs effectually to fu fil. In witness whereof we have
caused these letters our letters to be made patent. Witress
ourselt at Westminster, August 6th, in the year four reign
of England 22, and of France 9."
MIDDLESEX COUNTY COURT.-Julius Thomas Bentley, a
tall thin young gentleman, attired after the approved fashion
of Sir Edward Lytton Bulwcr, and whose abundant crop of
hair, overshadowing a pale hatchet-shaped face, rendered it
almost impossible to decide accurately upon the reality of his
gender, appeared to sustain a summons against John J, seph
Warburton. Both of the litigants, in dress anti manner,
formed so complete a counterpart of each other, that the two
Dromlos, or the two Soeios, were thrown altogether in the
shade. It appeared that they were both distinguished mem-
ur5s of a certain literary society-they had read, spelt, and
whistled together; they had interchangted their books and
ditto their sentiments thereupon; in short, as the author of
Christabel sung-
"They had been friends in youth,
But whispering tongues can poison truth."
The jealousy of the literary character is as proverbial as its
irritablty; a quarrel ensued upon the sul'ject of their seve-
ral studies. Julius Thomas Bentley was a very passionate
admirer of the deep (!) and searching (!) philosophy of the
dandy baronet who immortalized the ruffian Paul Clifort
and the cut-throat Eugene Aram. While upon the other
hand John Joseph Warburton, who prided himself on being
a descendant of the polemical dignitary of that name, held
Sir Edward and all his works in the most ineffable contempt,
and, in the true spirit of his annotating ancestor, he had pret-
ty freely expressed his opinions by sundry marginal notes,
scribbled upon a number of volumes that hadl 'been lent to
him by the said Julius Thomas Bentley. This was the head
and tront of his offending, and for which he was doomed,
like the author of the Divine Legation," to get considera-
bly roasted and annoyed. The first intimation John Joseph
Warburton received of the implacable anger of Mr. Julius
Bentley was through the medium of the following note :
"Mr. Julius Thomas Bentley requests Mr. John Joseph War-
burton to make good the books he's spoiled a scribbling over them
as follows: a. d.
PFur spoiling Hums's Ersays 0 8 0
For damaging Lytton Bul wer 0 2 6
For spoiling the Penny Magazine 0 3 0
Forspoiling Wordsworth's Poems 0 18 0
For spoiling a book I don't mention 0 6 6

Si 18 0
"P. S. The sooner I hear from you the better."
To the above alarming demand Mr. John Joseph Warbur.
ton replied like a man of spirit and a scholar:
Sina: I beg of yru not to trouble rme any more about books you
never can comprehend, and regarding money which you winIl nev-
er get. If 1 have placed any notes upon your margins, it has been
with a view to enlighten your own thick head, and I consider you
uught to feel indebted to me.
Yours, &a. J. J. WARBURTON."
This quaint note was the means of introducing the learned
annotator to the court, a summons having been issued by the
enraged Julius Thomas Bentley. On thdir names being call-
ed, their eyes flashed vengeance upon each other. Julius The-
mas stepped exactly into the place that the rules of the court
awarded to John Joseph.
If I thought you meant to insult me," said John
Joseph-
"You think," said Julius Thomas, with a look of supreme
contempt. Sir, a thinking animal is a"-
Don't talk to me, sir," said John Joseph.
Julius Thomas.-Sir, I tell you that neither Locke nor
Berkeley nor Reid-
Commissionei.-Now, gentlemen, suppose I think a little
for you. [Laughter.] I see you claim I1 18s. Mr. Julius Tho-
mas Beni tley; how do you make it out I
Mr. Julius Thomas Bentley.-I couliln't bring all the books,
sir, but look at this copy of Lytton Bulwaugh's, that pro-
found philosopher-see, sir, what John Joseph has scribbled.
[The book was handed up.]
Mr. John Joseph Warburton.-Yes, sir, at a certain very
ward Lytton says in his recently forgotten play of the Sea
Captain, making the said Sea Captain apostrophize the sea.
[Laughter.]
The learned Commissioner.-Well, well; do, gentlemen4
come to the point.
Plaintiff.-I contend that no one has any right to spoil my
books.
Defendant,-No, sir, certainly not, with the proviso
that you understand them. If you did, why, then, I---
[Laughter.]
The Commissioner.-Gentlemen, this is a matter that can-
not be allowed. I recommend you both to Coke upon Lyt-
tleton," to "Arbuthnot's Art of Selling a Bargain,;" or, in
reference to your own upper stories, to Arbuthnot's Disser-
tation upon Dumpling." The case is too trifling to trouble
a jury with ; it is therefore dismissed.
Julius Thomas Bentley.-Then, sir, I demand satisfaction.
So do I," said John Joseph Warburton.
Then you had better take it," said a by-stander of the
Sam Weller creation. The parties, however, walked quietly
out of court.
It has been said that priests of all religions are the same."
It is certain that priests, like all other men, wish to obtain as
much money for as little labor as possible. On the other
hand, a religion is most advanced by a poor clergy. The
Church of Rome, at the period of the Reformation, was rich;
and its clergy were notoriously lazy. The Reforination
spread with rapidity, and in a comparatively short period
threatened to become universal in Europe. SISMONDI tells
us that in France the great majority of the nobility and the
middle classes of towns belonged to the Reformation, and
that the lower orders chiefly remained Catholics. It was all
but secure in Poland, and Germany might be said to have
embraced the Reformation. Even in Spain and Italy, as Dr.
M'CaRIE has shown, the Reformation at one time had made
great progress. Stript of her possessions, and her authority
renounced throughout the greater part of Europe, the Chuich
of Rome reformed herself, and made the most stupendous ex-
ertions. The Jesuits were one of the main instruments by
which Rome recovered her influence. They shrunk from
no labor ; they established excellent schools and taught gra-
tuitously. Church after church was won hack, prince after
prince renounced Protestantism, till, at the period when Gus-
TAvus ADOLPHOUs entered Germany, it became doubtful whe-
ther it could maintain its ground in any part of the continent.
But the Jesuits who performed these miracles were poor;
they became in time rich, and lost their zeal and energy.
NEw LITANY.-Amongst the numerous brochures which
have been put forth recently in Paris, with reference to the
Eastern question, is one signed Lenoble du Bayet," and
dedicated to England. Enumerating all the sources of hos-
tility between the two countries, this pamphlet presents what
it terms "The Litany of every good Frenchman," of which
the following are specimens;
By the massacre of Evreux, war with England.
By the battle of Poitiers, war with England.
By the treaty of Bretigny, war with England.
By the battle of Agincourt, war with England.
By the battle of Ramillies, war with England.
By the combat of Oudenarde, war with England.
By the affair of Malplaquet, war with England.
By the death of Louis XVI., war with England.
By the massacre of Ouiberon, war with England.
By the fight of Aboukir, war with England.
By the battle of Trafalgar, war with England.
By the assassination of Kleber, war with England.
By the pontoons of Cadiz, war with England.
"By the invasion of 1814, war with England.
"By Waterloo, war with England.
"By the tortures and death of Natnleon, war with England.
' By the outrage of 15th July, 1840, war with England I"
OXALIC ActD.-It may be important to mention, especially
in this suicide-loving age, that two ounces of magnesia, mix-
ed with about a quart of water, or the same quantity of com-
mon whitening, thrown into the stomach pump by any means,
(the stomach pomp being readiest and most preferable on such
occasions,) will effectually neutralize, and render inert this
most active poison.


Prince Jerome of Montfort, the son of Jerome Bonaparte,
who new Iresides at Wirtemberg, has contradicted formally,
through the Suabian Mercury, the report circulated of his hav-
ing maintained a correspondence with the heads of the Bona-
partist party at Paris, and of his having been reproached for so
doing by the King of Wirtemberg.
EXTRAORDINARY ACCESSION OF FORTUNE.- Last week a
journeyman paper-maker, named Robert Howard, who for-
merly worked at the Ivy mill, near this town, received the un-
expected information that a chancery suit, which had been
pending fifty years, had terminated in his favor, putting him
in possession of 200,0001.-50,0001. of which, by a previous
engagement entered into many years ago, and which with the
suit itself was almost forgotten, goes to the attorney whosuc-
ceeded in bringing the suit to a successful termination.
[Maidsione Journal.
The S,-le slates that orders have been given to put into
a fit sila'c' of' repaiiir several detached forts and fortified pests
at various points along the coast of the channel; and that
an officer of engineers has already made an inspection of
those near Boulogne.

A GENTLEMAN, who has taught the Ancient and Mod-
ern Languages, and als,. thi English Bran.:hes and Matte-
matics, Ja someof the moit pacininnt s AE.n,,nrts of learning jin
the United States, offers his services as Principal or Assistant
Teacher in an Academy, or, if a suitable compensation can be of-
fered, as Tutor in a private family. The testimonials he has at his
command are of the highest order. He has had several years'
experience in teaching, and can giv reference as to character a&R
qi-.liviairnions geutleaC of tbe fire literary cbhiacLtar.
go;2 9--wtww










WASHINGTON.
"Liberty and Union, now and forever,one and
,iisessarble.'


THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1840.


THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION AND THE
CITY OF WASHINGTON.

S If there be one portion of the American People
which can be-supposed to have greater cause than
any other for rejoicing in the purification of the
public councils which has just been decreed, that
portion consists of the inhabitants of the District
of Columbia.
The great meeting held in the city of Wash-
ington on the 18th of February last, in the very
shadow of power, defied to their teeth the op-
pressors and corrupters of the People, and sound-
ed a note of alarm, which was echoed from one
end of the Union to the other. When a commu-
Snity, whose political condition prescribed, as the
course of common prudence, acquiescence in Ex-
ecutive measures, so long as acquiescence was
practicable, rising above all sordid considerations,
and, disdaining the suggestions of a timid policy,
denounced, in a voice almost unanimous, the Ad-
ministration as being both weak and wicked, the
consequences of the denunciation might be easily
foreseen. It was received in every quarter of the
Union as the verdict of a jury of the vicinage,
founded on the testimony of eye-witnesses. The
verdict had tremendous moral power; for there
is not perhaps any portion of the American Peo-
ple who can be persuaded to believe that a man
cannot get justice from his neighbors. But those
who rendered the verdict acted at a fearful risk.
The offering thus made at the shrine of patriotism
and liberty provoked, as it was expected to do,
the vengeance of the dominant party; and had
that party succeeded in the late contest, there
needs no conjurer to tell us what would have been
the fate of the People of the District. It was
shadowed out in acts of legislative tyranny,
committed at the last session of Congress, in obe-
dience to the dictation of a corrupt Executive:
acts in which the interests, the wants, and the
wishes of the People of the District were tram-
pled under foot by those whom the Constitution
had placed over them as parental guardians: acts
in which they were selected as the subjects of ex.
periments too absurd and ruinous to be ventured
Son in any voting community : acts in which pa-
lace tyrants and palace slaves sought also to pun-
ish free citizens for expressing their opinions on
matters of deep and general import; and to pun-
ish them in a spirit as implacable and destructive
as it was unmanly.
From the penalties of hoarded vengeance which
were in store for the unrepresented and non-vot-
ing rebels against the Ihnaum of Kinderhook, they
are now happily relieved. They realize, in all
their force, the blessings of the deliverance ; but,
like true Republicans, they abstain from intempe-
rate exultation over the fallen foe. We can im-
agine no illustration of the principles of our party
more apt or more gratifying than the manner in
which the intelligence of their triumph was receiv-
ed in this city. The news of the New York vote
arrived here on Sunday ; but, though every Oppo-
sition man felt that his country in general, and
himself in particular, had just been rescued from
the jaws of perdition, and though the community
was in a stale of high excitement, not an individ-
ual of the party, so far as we know, suffered him-
self to be betrayed into any expression of joy, in
the slightest degree irreverent to the holy Sab-
bath. Indeed, the general feeling of the party
seemed to be one of gladness, chastened by reli-
gious gratitude to Providence for his mercy in sav-
ing our beloved country. A remarkable incident
connected with this topic occurred in one of our
churches. When the Baltimore cars came in on
Sunday morning, a gentleman who had been wait-
ing for them, as soon as he got the news, wrote on
a slip of paper the majorities for Gen. HARRISON
in New York and Pennsylvania, and sent a mes-
senger with it to a true patriot as well as a true
Christian, who happened to be the choir leader in
one of the churches. It was put into his hands
just as he had commenced the noble anthem,
Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, for he hath
Visited and redeemed his people, and ha~h raised
up a mighty salvation for us, in the honor of his
Servant David."
We trust that the spirit of moderation which
thus far has characterized the Republican party
in the National Metropolis will continue to in-
fluence them; and that they will always take
counsel rather of their own principles, than of the
example set by the adversary in by-gone days.
Let them show by their conduct that they respect
in others the right of opinion which they have
claimed to exercise themselves. Those who have
honestly differed from us, and who manfully adhere,
in the hour of adversity, to the friends whose star
they had followed while it was in the ascendant,
deserve our respect. On the other hand, the ap-
proaches of the time-server whose conversion was
postponed till the hour of victory, or who, while
the struggle was doubtful, had one set of opinions
for the ins and another for the outs, should be
viewed with suspicion and distrust.
Hie niger eat; hunc tu, Romans, CAVETO."
The principles of such a proselyte, if principles
they may be called, are the very materials for the
re-eoLstruction of the spoils party," which a
virtuous People have just scattered to the winds.
We take the occasion of penning this article to
correct an erroneous impression which some minds
have received from certain statements on the sub-
ject of banks which appeared in several papers,
and, among them, in the Intelligencer of October
28. Those statements conclusively fixed on the
Van Buren party the responsibility for the increase
of banks from 1830 to 1837. One of them is
headed, "No. II. A statement showing the ASCEN-
"DANCY OF PARTY, from 1830 tj 1836, in the seve-


Sral State Legislatures, Territories, etc." In this
statement the District of Columbia is marked
"Jackson," for each of the years 1830, 1831, 1832,
1833, 1834, 1835. It is evident from the context
of the statements that what the writer meant was,
that in the years cited the Jackson or Van Buren
party had the ascendancy in Congress, which ex-
ercises exclusive legislation over the District of
Columbia. But there are persons so thoughtless
as to suppose him to mean that the political senti-
ments of the People of the District of Columbia
were favorable to JACKSON or VAN BUREN in the
years indicated, This is a sd mistake, Ther,


ance, filled the whole land ; nor did its echoes
and reverberations cease until they were lost in
the louder acclaim of triumph.
The contest is ended. It was well begun, and
as gallantly prosecuted as it is now gloriously con-
cluded. If the occasion is one of rejoicing, it is
also one that calls for thankfulness: and the best
acknowledgment that can be made to a Merciful
Providence for the political blessing vouchsafed
to us is so to improve it that good principles may
be ascendant-that order and justice be firmly
established-and that purity and integrity be made
the essential elements of the coming administra-
tion of the public affairs.
W ANTED--Situations in a Female Seminary, or private
family, by two young ladies from New England, who have
had experience in teaching. Being sisters, they would prefer a
situation in the same school or neighborhood.
Letters addressed to A. C. B., Alexandria, D. C. (po t paid,)
will receive attention. nov 12-3t
F"IVE DOLLARS REWAKRD.-Strayedfromtheresi-
Sdence of the subscriber, in this city, on the 15th of last
month, a pale red buffalo COW, with a white spot on the top of
her head, white utinder her throat, and a strip of white under her
shoulders ; no flesh mark.
The above reward will be paid to any person returning the Cow.
Apply at the woodyard of King & Hill, Marsh Market, Wash-
ington.
noy 12-4t ISAAC HILL,


has been no moment of time since President JACK-
SON'S policy was developed, at which an over-
whelming majority of the People of the District
would not have resented as a libel the charge of
being "Jackson" men. An overwhelming majo-
rity of them have been uniformly hostile political-
ly to President JACKSON, and his political heir,
President VAN BUREN. They have been neigh-
bors of these distinguished men too nearly and too
long to be otherwise. President VAN BURLN is
understood to have taken pains to ascertain that
the Locofoeo-echarter, which it was attempted to
force on the city of Washington last summer,
would pass both Houses of Congress. His expec-
tation was that, by extending the right of suffrage,
he might obtain a majority of votes for a Locofioco
Mayor. Had that iniquitous measure succeeded,
he would have found that the more voters it made,
the more opponents it made to him and his
measures.
The Legislature of ALABAM4 convened at Tus-
caloosa on the 2d instant. The Senate was or-
ganized by the election of Mr. COTTRELL as Pre-
sident, and PLEASANT HILL, Esq., Secretary, both
Locofocos, without opposition. In the House
SAMUEL WALKER, Loco, was elected Speaker over
ELISHA YOUNG, Whig. The vote stood for Walk-
er 49, for Young 41. The Locofocos elected all
their officers by the same majority. There were
six Whigs and two Locos absent. When the
House is full, parties stand 52 Locos and 48
Whigs. Last year there were 66 Locos and 34
Whigs.

THE PRESIDENTIAL CONTEST.
FROM THE BALTIMORE AMERICAN.
The country has just passed through one of the
most exciting and critical trials which it has ever
been called to undergo. The popular mind has
not been so thoroughly roused since the period of
1800; nor have there been since that time, it
there were then, such momentous concerns in-
volved in the issue of a political contest. One
cause particularly, which never operated so pow-
erfully before, contributed to deepen the interest
with which patriotic men watched the progress of
the canvass and participated in it themselves.
We refer to the direct interference of the officers
of the Federal Government, who, bringing with
them, besides their personal influence, the means
and advantages which their positions afforded,
gave a degree of strength to the party of the Ad-
ministration immeasurably beyond any thing inhe-
rent in its ranks. The powers of the Government,
throughout all its departments, were united with
an organized party anid arrayed against the People.
In view of this fact, it is not wonderful that
strong feelings were excited-that the intelligence,
the patriotism, the substantial sense, anid the con-
servative interests of the country were, in a great
measure, concentrated on the side of the Opposi-
lion. And this the more when it was known and
felt that the policy of the Governmetit was op-
pressive, injurious, and likely to lead, if not to the
destruction of the nation's prosperity, to the sub-
version, at least, of its free institutions. Two
such powerful stimulants-one emanating from
the feeling of oppression and injury on the part
of the Government, and the other from the indig-
nant sense of insult at the attempt of an Ad
ministration to continue itself in place by an un-
warrantable use of the powers entrusted to it for
the general good-must therefore have naturally
excited much commotion among a People such
as ours-imbued with the spirit of freedom jea-
lous of usurped or perverted power, quick to feel
and bold and resolute to act.
If the aspect of things as they are now be com-
pared with the appearances of things as they were
a year ago, what a contrast is exhibited What
was the condition of the Whti., party last fall-what
its prospects-its hopes? \Ve had been beaten
in Tennessee, in Ohio, in Maryland-even Mas-
sachusetts seemed to waver. Doubt, desponden-
cy, and gloomy apprehensions prevailed all over
the Union. The eyes of anxious men-anxious
for the country, its liberties, its fate-were turned
some on one distinguished personage, and some
on another, as the leader of this forlorn hope-for
such it seemed-in one great effort more, ere they
would finally despair of tho Republic. Yet it
was feared that no one could be found capable of
concentrating all the elements of opposition in
the various sections of the country, and that the
selection of one might alienate those whose pre-
ferences were for some other. The Convention
that met at Harrioburg last winter, upon whom de-
volved the importantchoice, was composed of men
as patriotic, as able, and as intelligent, we believe,
as have assembled together in the United States
since the adjournment of the Convention that
framed the Constitution. When from this body
came forth the nomination of WILLIArM HENRY
HARRISON, and with it the noble letter of HENRY
CLAY, breathing the magnanimous sentiments so
indicative of his nature and of his patriotic devo-
tion to the country's best good, an instantaneous
thrill shot through the nation with the rapidity ol
an electric shock, and forthwith new hopes, new
confidence-almost the absolute conviction ofasuc-
cess-took possession of the minds of men. When
was there a more auspicious beginning to a great
undertaking? When was there such noble una-
nimity among so many men of different characters,
from different sections, various in their habits of
thinking and modes of association? Was there
ever a more majestic march than that of the innu-
merable host which, marshalled under the banner
of the Constitution, and led by WILLIAM HENRY
HARRISON, moved forward from that day to. rescue
the liberties of the Republic from the army of the
spoilers ?
The great convention in this city on the 4tll of
May was the first grand development of the ad-
vancing revolution. Here it was that the con-
sciousness of strength became realized, and the
power of enthusiasm concentrated, to be speedily
diffused abroad, penetrating through the gorges
of mountains, and imbuing the very breezes that
swept down the valleys of the West. The labor-
ing and hitherto indefinite feeling which worked
in the popular mind found now a voice-and the
sound of it, as it went forth with a mighty utter-


twenty votes.

COUNTIES.
Adams,
Armstrong,.
Alleghany,.
Beaver,
Berks,
Bedford,
Brad ford,
Bucks,
Butler,
Cambria,
Centre,
Chester,
Clarion,
Clearfield,
Clinton,
Columbia,
Crawford,
Cumberland,
Dauphin,
Delaware,
Erie,
Fayette,
Franklin,
Green,
Huntingdon,
Indiana, .
Jefferson, .
Juniata,
Lancaster, .
Lehigh,
Lbanon,
Lycoming, .
Luzerne,
Mercer,
Monroe, .
Montgomery,
Mifhmi,
Northampton,
Northumberland,
Philadelphia city,
Philadelphia county,
Perry,
Pike,
Potter and McKean,*
Schuylkill, .
Somerset, .
Suiquehanna,
Tioga,
Union,
Venango, .
Washington,
Westmoreland,
Warren,
Wayne,
York,

Total, 1


Vate for Congress.
--1840.-
Ii- t VB.
I- 1i9 1,550
1,169 1,478
6831 4287
25927 1,821
4033
2652 2,507
2411 2,743
4411 4,389
1,973 1,596
697 868
1,466 2091
5,449 4 8-24
610 1,329
466 744
552 700
1295 2493
2,175 2,640
2440 2626
2 651 2,138
1L968 1369
3146 1846
2,527 2,894
3,356 2.834
1,159 1,863
3,570 2,291
1,411 936
393 596
874 1.004
8 388 4 679
1:996 2289
1.874 1,324
1 366 1,780
2,664 3 607
2,867 2,297
152 879
3,704 4.507
1,174 1.254
2,145 3016
1,136 1,914
7,136 4,631
10,043 12619
828 1,681
95 407
359 611
1,418 2;010
2,070 819
1,365 1.975
822 1;526
2,311 1,444
679 1,007
4,045 3,712
2121 4,252
835 922
608 1,029
3,248 3,711

25,747 130,392


Majority for the Van Buren Ticket on the
Majority for the Harrison Ticket on the
Whig gain over the vote of the 13th of Oc


Vote forPresident.
,---1840.--.
Harrison. V. B.
2453 1,628
1,260 1,744
7620 4 573
3,143 1,710
3,582 7,425
2910 2,446
2,631 2,844
4,705 4,488
2,100 1,804
811 920
1447 2,242
5,643 4,882
648 1,366
499 812
637 649
1,325 2,829
2469 2908
2,790 2695
3,124 2,187
2031 1,335
3 636 2061
2,755 3 035
3 586 2,892
1,350 2,010
3 826 2 266
1,953 1,209
476 592
966 1,043
9,678 5,472
2,405 2,451
2,369 1,402
1.504 2,181
2774 41119
3,249 2,336
345 1,447
4 068 4869
1226 1,269
2,846 3,838
1351 2,187
7655 4,774
10,189 13,303
1,072 1,970
135 524
180 455
1,881 2,184
2,501 765
1,560 2,023
895 1,721
2,423 1,518
855 1,275
4147 3,611
2,778 4,704
827 929
675 1,188
3,792 4,382

143,756 143,492
13th, . 4,645
30th, . 264
-tober, . 4,909


[* The vote of these two counties returned together.]

VIRGINmIA.-The Southern mail was not in last
evening when we went to press, and we have
nothing yet conclusive respecting the election in
Virginia.

MASSACHUSETTS ELECTION.
BOSTON ATLAS OFFICE-MoNDAY, 3 O'CLOCK.
Every thing looks cheering, even beyond our
most sanguine anticipations. We shall throw a
larger vote than ever before. One of the north-
end wards had a trial of strength this morning., on
the choice of an Inspector, and the Whig candi-
date was chosen by 160 majority ; last year this
waid gave 95 Locofoeo majority. I should not,
be surprised if we carried every ward in the eity-
last year the Locofocos had majorities in five.
The result in the State, we have good reason to
believe, will be an entire Whig Senate, aua entire
Whig delegation to Congress, and about every
thing that the heart of any Whig can desire.
Our messenger is just in from all the wards, and
reports the majority at 2,500.
HINGHAM-For Governor.
1840. 1839.
Davis, 459 Everett, 368
Morton, 221 Morton, 195
For Congress.
J. a. A dams, 464
Jackson, (Locofeco,) 219
SPY OFFICE, WORCESTER, MONDAY, P. M.
Statement of Votes given in the Town of Worcester,
Massachusetts, on Monday, November 9th, 1840:
Par Govenor


PENNSYLVANIA OFFICIAL RETURNS.

The following are the complete returns of the
election in Pennsylvania for President, as copied
from the OFFICIAL REPORT from Harrisburg. The
entire Harrison Electoral Ticket has succeeded,
an examination of the returns in the office of
the Secretary of the Commonwealth having prov-
ed that the variation between the vote for the
highest and the lowest Electors does not exceed


1840. 1839.
Davis, 874 Everett, 672 B A I R 0 U T.
Morton, 395 Morton, 441 This ancient town of Palestine, in pointof situation,iscon-
-- -- sidered the best port along the coast of Syria. It stands about
479 231 fifty miles north from Seyde, or Sidon, the seaport of El Sham
For Electors, or Damascus. Behind the town of Bairout rise the lofty
mountains of Anti Libanus, at times topped with snow. The
Harrison. Van Buren. environs present a varied prospect of hills and cottages, agree-
Isaac C. Bates, &c. 885 Winm. P. Walker, &c. 370 ably interspersed with olive and orange plantations, lemon
Majority for Old T ip, 515 groves, vineyards, palm and mulberry trees. The last men-
Whig majority last year, 231 tioned ate cultivated for the silkworms. The gardens-where
t i n vestiges of antiquity are yet traced-are surrounded with stone
Nett gain, 284 walls. Mosaic pavements, granite columns, and structures
Vote in WVebster. of stone of immense dimensions, are seen within a short dis-
Whig Majorities. tance of the modern town of Bairout, the ancient Berytus,
Electors, 68 supposed to be the Berothai mentioned in Scripture. Among
Governor, 49 the remains within the walls are those of a bath, supposed to
Representatives in Congress, 61 have been constructed by Agrippa, grandson of King H erod.
Legislature, 47 Red and white wines, of various qualities, are exported. Silks,
___________ figs, and olives also constitute articles of traffic. Provisions
are generally good and cheap. Wildl game abounds, particu-
INDIANA. larly the red legged partridge, which flock in all directions.
Counties. Harrison. Van Buren. They grow no corn-this commodity is imported, and so of
Dearborn 191 -_ rice, coffee, and tobacco. The supply of corn is drawn from
WUyne 1,653 .the Southern province of Acre, or from the valley of Damas-
Union 148 _- cus, about fifteen leagues south from thecape of Bairout. The
Harrison 415 streets of the town are narrow, dirty, and dlark, and run in
Orange rs- 160 zigzag directions, andl through obscure corners, filled with the
Clarke- 160 offau of the place. The houses are built of stone,; i, [. ,1 ..,.v
Fayette 341 -_ arched passages, which run in various ways like a sue-ession
Jefferson 727 of cloisters. A Vice American Consul resides at Bairout,
Floyd 77 -_ who shows to strangers, particularly from our own country,
Switzerland 288 every attention needed. This person formerly acted as con-
Franklin fidential secretary to the late Lady Hester Stanhope, of whose
Jennings 415 character and eccentricities he gives many interesting ac-
Bartholomew 307 counts. He probably knows nore of her private history than
Marionl 356 any other individual now living.
Scott 38 By recent accounts it appears that Bairout, at this time,
Decatur 600 -_ exhibits a scene of troubles andt atrocities. French residents,
Harrison 415 we are told, are iinseil'ed in the streets, and some have been
Harrieon 45 murdered. No retribution can be obtained from the authori-
RipLancaster 600 ties. A Turk kills a Christian, and the offender is not made
Lancastero 00 amenable to the laws. What the consequences are to be of
Joheso 400 this state of things is not easy to imagine. Though Bairout
ShRipley, reported increase 100 promiFes to be the point of attraction for all Europe, and a re-
Ripley, reported increase 1 evolution begins to dawn in the East, yet we do not carry the
idea so far as to believe, with some, that the Holy Land at
KENTUCKY. present is once more to be redeemed from the grasn of the Sa-
Counties. Iarrision. Van Buren. races, and that the tomb of Chriat is to be won by another
Maont. 1,000 war of the Crusades.-For. Car. Amt. Traveller.
Mason 1,000 --__
Carroll 90 -
Kenton 104 DEATH.
Bracken 433 On the 7th November, 1840, at his residence, in Chester
Louisville city 1,235 county, Pennsylvania, Colonel CALEB NORTH, in the
Harrison 47 88th year of his age.
Bourbon 850 Colonel NORTH was at one time High Sheriff of the City
Grant 37 -- and County of Philadelphia, and was, at his death, President
Campbell 110 of the Pennsylvania Society of Cincinnati. He retired a few
Boone 380 years since to his farm in Chester county, the same neigh-
Lewis 300 borhood in which he raise,] a company and went out as cap-
_ __ tain in the Army of the Revolution; was distinguished by his
H OUSEHOID FURNITURE,CARPENTER'S bravery and prudence, and was promoted to the rank of Lieu-
Tools, Green Blinds and Inside Shutters, Frult tenant Colonel, which rank he held at the close of the war.
Trees, &c.-On Saturday morning, the 1t4th inst. at 10 o'clock, In all the duties of life, whether as a father, a husband, a
I shall sell, in front of my auction store, an excellent lot of house- Christian, or a friend, his conduct has been most exemplary.
hold furniture, such as hair-seat Sofas, cane Chairs, good ingrain Dignified in his deportment, yet affable to all, his society was
and other Carpeting, mahogany Sideboards, Bureaus, Washistands, agreeable, notwithstanding the infirmities of age. Thus has
dining and card Tables, stump Chairs, Clocks, Crockery and descended to the tomb, without a struggle or a sigh, surround-
Glassware, Lamps, high and low post Bedsteads, Beds and Mat- ed by children and friends, and without an enemy in the
tresses, lot ofmoreen and chintz Window Curtains, &c. A good world one of the best ofmnn, and the last of the field officers
lot of kitchen requisites, with a number of Cooking and other wol Pennsylvania line of the Army of the Revolutionc
Stoves. f the Pennsylvania line of the Army of th S. Gazette.
Large lot of Carpenter's Tools and two Work Chests, several[. S. Gazette.
pairs green Blinds, inside Shutters, and glazed Sash. y NBY WANT'D.-A -.... if this city wiohls
At the same time, 200 choice selected and grafted Cherry Gu ,E OAr $ 5 f it wihi
Trees, from a Maryland nursery. .T get $1,000 or $1,5hi0for9 1 I. 1 fut... or longer, willing
Terms cash. bate to commence at 10 o'clock precisely, with to pay a good interest on the above, and security will be given in
Fruit Trees, Carpenter's Tools, and the Stoves. real estate on mortgage without auy encumbrance whatever, the
ED WARD DYER, property lying in one of the most popular parts in this city, and four
nov 12-3t Auctioreer. times worth the above amount.
_1__-8t_____________________ .Any person having the above sum to put out will do well to ad-
SCHOO)L BOOKS, of every description, for sale by R. dress a letter to W. M. J. Cox, 37 city post office, which will be
FARNH.AM, Penn, avenue, between 9thl and 10th itreet.I attended to by giving real name and place. tov 05--tFSTh


EGYPT.

Below is an extract from a letter to the editor
of the Boston Morning Post, from a young Bos-
tonian, which will well repay the reader for the
time bestowed upon its perusal:
GRAND CAIRO, MARCH 15, 1840.
FRIEND GREEN: From this far-off place-the capital of the
ancient Fii,5aohs-the city of Saladin, the foe of Richard
Ctur de Lion-within t ',ht of and almost under the mighty
walls of the Pyramids-I send you, hearty shake ot the
hand. You know something of my former route. The fa-
cilities afforded to me in travelling in Russia enabled me to
see the country more ii,..r..-liu- perhaps, than almost any
foreigner who has gone h. ..,.,,, ; but whether I make any
use of the information which I have collected, I have not as
yet determined. I was in Turkey and Syria during a most
interesting period-just when the death of the Sultan Mah-
maud had occurred, and when the disaffected in ail parts of
the country were rile for rebellion and outrage, and also when
the army of Ibrahim Pacha, triumphant over that of the
Sultan, was sweeping through those parts of Syria which he
had subjugated, and restoring order by chopping off the heads
of the disaffected Passing through Syria, I went to Damas-
cus, and thence to Nazareth, Samaria, the sea of Galilee, the
river Jordan, and thence to Jerusalem. I also visited Bethle-
hem, Bethany, and all the places of interest mentioned in the
life of Christ. I have gone ;iim.i,,i the whole length and
breadth of the Holy Land-that hallowed soil where
"trod those blessed feet which
Eighteen hundred years ago were nailed,
For our redemption, to the cruel cross."
In one of the rooms of the Latin Monastery at Jerusalem,
my heart leapt with joy at seeing three copies of the Boston
Morning Post! An English traveller who had been at Je-
rusalem about three months before me, had brought them
with him from Malta, and, with most Christian-like kind-
ness, had left them behind at the Monastery, to gladden the
eyes ot some future pilgrim. In looking over these papers I
observed an editorial article in which you alluded to my hum-
ble self, and return you many thanks for the flattering notice.
I have also received here in Cairo a copy of the Postof 15th
September, containing my letter to you from the Caucasus.
And now to Egypt-here I have travelled thoroughly ; I have
been through its whole extent, from North to South, and,
leaving the Nile, have passed on beyond the frontier of Egypt
into Nubia. Egypt now is certainly one of the most inter-
esting countries that a traveller can visit; he there sees before
him the evidences that men of all ages have trodden upon
that soil. Her mighty temples carry him back to a people
from whom the knowledge and art which are now diffused all
over Europe and the world originally flowed ; he sees there
the towers of Roman occupation-the ruins of baths and
temples, built under the emperors; he has then, again, the
Saracenic architecture of the middle ages, the memorials of
Saladin and his fi.llowers. Evidences of the temporary oc-
cupation by the French are not wanting; andi then again the
great works of the present, which are going on under Mo-
hamed Ali, are continually before his eyes. At one moment
you meet with an ancient temple, which for more than 3,000
years has defied all the ravages of time, and close by its side
you see some modern improvement-a sugar mill or a cotton
fabric, placed there by the Pacha, who, by introducing the
arts of civilization among a barbarous people, is doing one
great thing towards making them happy. In no other place
in the world do you see such a mingling of the pist antid the
present; the monuments of antiquity seem literally to be sha
king hands with the works of our own time. I spent many
days at Thebes, but the glory of the "city of the hundred
gates," which Homer sung, has long since departed. The
men of Thebes have gone, but they have lift eternal monu-
ments behind, and Memnon's statue which at sunrise play-
ed," still stands as firmly on its colossal pedestal as when
thousands flocked out from those gates to listen to the music
of its morning song. And that other statue of immense size,
which was said to throw hack the rays of the rising sun from
its polished surface, as if it were of molten gold, also still re-
mains, though fallen to the ground and broken in its fair pro-
portions. One wanders through the immense temples that
still remain, and hears nothing, unless it be that his own voict,
or footsteps start up the echoes in the hall of a hundred
columns. One of these temples has a hall alone in which
are a hundred and fifly columns, many of them twelve feet in
diameter and of a goodly height. Mohamed Ali has caused
two of the largest temples that were filled nearly to the roof
with earth, to be entirely cleansed, andi they are now is clear
as when services were performed in them of old. A decree
has recently been issued by the Paclia, prohibiting the export
of antiquities from the country. Egypt has been, in fct, for
the last forty years, overrun by diggers for statues, coins,
aphynxes, &c.; but the Pacha now speculates upon his stock
of columns, obelisks, &c. to ingratiate himself with the Eu
ropean Powers. Cleopatra's Needle, which still stands upon
the sea shore near Alexandria, was given to the English, but
they hesitated about the expense ,f bringing it away, and
there it remains. I think we might make a good specu'timri
by swapping our Bunker Hill Monume.t for it. Onthel3ih
of November, I took to my boat, over which thu.' -t'r.. .. !
banner" had been floating for more than a :n.itl., :,rnl, t %idl.
My swan-like yacht
Was gliding dIown the gleaming Nile"-
I watched for the meteoric dance in the heavens. The ap-
pearance of an evening sky in Egypt has always something
peculiar, and .,n it- i. _.', 'i ell as several succeeding, there
were Bns'tisx ppeae*nasi in the heavens, 0i. ...- ..thing so
extraordinary as has occurred wi'l us in I. IUii,. I States
I was disappointed in this, because at Cairo this phenomenon
of that day has been noteil in former years. My Arab boat-
men all looked at me with the most profound veneration
whenever they saw me star-gazing. We had an eclipse since
they have been with me, anl Columbus himself, I f.nry.
hardly gained greater influence over the poor Indians than I
did over these sons of Ishmael, simply by foretelling this
event in the heavens. I was looked upon as an astrologer,
which, throughout all the East, is still looked upon as the
most sacred of characters. Here let me mention that in the
Military School of the Sultan, at Constantinople, astrology
is still one of the sciences taught; v'tile at Cairo, in the
Pacha's school, it is dropped altogether, and in its place are
studied arithmetic anl European astronomy. My next des-
tination is the Ionian Isles, from whence you shall again hear
from me, as well as from Italy, Spain, France, Holland, and
good old England.


Draws Thursday, November 12, 184)0.
1 prize of 81-,000
1 do 15.0001
1 do 15,01,0 )' 5 prizes of 815,000 are $75,000.
I do 1,000 I
1 do 15,000 J
5 prizes of $3,503, 10 of $2,000 ; 50 of $1,000,
are $50,000.
150 (lowest three numbers) of $500 are 875,000.
Whole tickets 815-ShIares in proportion.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets 8180
Do do of 25 half do 90
Do do of 25 quarter do 45
Do do of 25 eighths do 22 50
For tickets and certificates of packages in the above, apply to
or address JAS. PHALEN & CO. Managers,
nov 7-tl2novif Penn. Avenue, near 4j street.
THURSDAY, Nov. 12,
THE GRAND CONSOLIDATED LOTTERY, No. 14,
Will he drawn.
SCHEME.
$12,000-$3,000-$-2,000-$1,200-$1,179-
10 of $1,000, &c.
Tickets $4-Halves $2-Quarters 81 00.
For sale by D. S. GREGORY & CO.
Penn. avenue, next door east of Gadsby's Hotel,
nov il-2t Wasshington,


Sales This Day.
PUBLIC SALES.-I will sell, in front of my stofte, On
Thursday, 12th instant, at 10 A. M. between 9th and 10th
streets, a lot of superior Furniture, consisting of Bureaus, Tables,
1 large lu, li. ..v Book-case, Sofas, 1 dozen splendid cane
Chairs, %a ....1J I,',., P, Ingrain and Cotton Carpets, hair and shuck
Mattresses, poplar and maple Bedsteads, Cots, 1 large Franklin
Stove, t mail do. Ten plate do. various sizes leather Trunks,
plated Castors, with 4 and 6 bottles, plated Candlesticks, Snuf-
fers and Trays, with a good assortment of Crockery, &c.
Also, a small lot of cut Dry Goods, such as brown, mixed, and
olive Cloths, Rose Blankets, Linen Tablecloths, Canton Flannels,
and Bed Ticking, with many other articles.
WM. MARSHALL,
Auctioneer and Comn. Merchant.
N. B. Any additions will be received.
flJ Evening sales at store on Tuesday, Thursday, and Sat-
urday.
nov 10-3t W. M.
rT TRUSTEE'S SALE O! VALUABLE IMPRO-
-U VED PROPERTY.-By virtue ofa deed of trust from
Charles Horace Upton and wife, dated the 6th dayof June, 1838,
and duly recorded in the !and records of Washington county, in
the District of Columbia, in liber W B, No. 70, folios 53, 54, 55,
and 56, the subscriber will sell at public auction, at the auction
store of Edward Dyer, on Thursday, the 12th day of November
next, at half past 4 o'clock P. M., for cash, all that piece or parcel
of ground lying in the city of Washington, being part of square
No. 74, beginning fir the said piece on Pennsylvania avenue, at
the distance of three hundred and seventy-three feet ten inches
from the southwest corner of said square, and at the centre of the
party-wall, between the first and second houses now erected upon
said square, and running thence, with a line drawn northwardly
through and with the middle of said party-wall, one hundred and
twenty-six feet; thence eastwardly, parallel with Pennsylvania
avenue, twenty-three feet three inches ; thence southerly, through
and with the middle of the party-wall of the second asd third
houses erected on said square, one hundred and twenty-six feeitj
to intersect Pennsylvania avenue ; and thence, with the said ave-
nue, to the beginning. On which is erected a three-story brick
tenement, the same being the second house from the west end of
the row commonly known as the Six Buildings.
Upon the payment of the purchase-monev, the subscriber will
convey to the purchaser all the title and estate conveyed to him
by said deed of trust. If the purchase-money be not paid within
three days from the day of sale, the property will be advertised
ant resold at the risk and expense of the first purchaser.
J. B. H. SMITH, Trustee.
EDWARD DYER,
oct 13-2taw&d3tif Auctioneer.
BY T. C. WRIGHT, Georgetown.
A PPL IS AT AUCTION.-TThis afternoon, at 3 o'clock,
1. I shall sell, widhut reserve, at Compton's warehouse, on
Water street, 50 barrels apples in good order.
THOMAS C. WRIGHT,
nov 12-1t Auctioneer.
H1INA, GLASS, AND IEARTHENWARE.-
HUGH SMITH & CO. have recently imported, per ships
Pocalhontas, Ligonia, Alexandria, aid Pioneer, from Liverpool,
their fall supply, consisting of
241 crates and hogsheads China and Earthenware.
These goods, from the beat manufacturers in England, and of
the latest patterns, together with their large stock on hand, will
be sold, wholesale and retail, on the most moderate terms.
I,...,..clets, white and colored China, &o.
I. ,-, French and English best gilt and plain
Plain and cut Glassware
Best quality English Britannia Tea Sets
'..,_ i. i. .ver-mounted and other Castors
r ...i.. r.
Astial, Hall, and other Lamps
Stoneware, of an excellent quality
Pipes in boxes
%N indow Glass of all sizes.
Alexandria. oct 24-dimif
Hg RUSTEI'EIE SAL.E.-By virtue of a decree of Prince
If George's County Court.,. -1:-..; : .ourt of equity, made
in the case of Dennis Ferral ,li. I .h;L.',h Ferral, vs. Thomas
Fersal, Rebecca Ferral, and others, the undersigned, as trustee,
will expose lo public sale, at the tavern of Thomas Baldwin, in
the village of pl, .l....l ..r., Md. on Tuesday, the 22d day ofDe-
*ember next, ati I i k M. (if fair, if not, the first fair day
thereafter,) the following property, lying inand near the said vil-
lage, the same being part of the real estate of the late Thomas
Ferral, to wit:
The frame dwelling now occupied by the undersigned, situated
in a healthy and retired part of the village, and to which are at-
tached an excellent garden, all necessary outbuildings, and about
16 acres of improved land unuer a first-rate enclosure, a part of
wh ich is in meadow, and very productive. Also, the frame dwell-
ing now in the possession of Mr. N. McGregor, to which are at
tached a small garden and all convenient out-houses. From the
location of this building, which is situated it the heart of the
i .11 . sand frotns the principal street for the transaction of busi-
ness, it is peculiarly adapted for a store, and has been used as
such far many years. Also, the frame dwelling now occupied
ny Mr. W. Tu tie. Also, a large frame granary. Also, 2 tracts
or parcels of land, called Grove Hust and Plummer's Pasture,
containing, I. l--i,. r .bout 218 5-16ths acres, and now in the
po osesion ol 1 J i.n Harvey. These tracts lie contiguous t,
each oiher, in a very healthy section of country, on the road
leading fioSm Bladensburg to Upper Marlboro', about 4 miles dis-
tant from the former place. The land is well wooded and water-
ed, highly susceptible of improvement, an I adapted to the growth
of wheat, rye, corn, and tobacco. There is a comfortable frame
dowelling, and a tobacco-house nearly new, together with every
eiuse suitable for a farm,, on the premises. Also, 2 other tracts
or parcels of land, called Fairfax Beaull and Second Thought, con-
taining, together, about 166 acres, situated about 2J miles front
the said village, on the road leading therefrom to Upper Marlbo-
ro', and now in the possession of Mr. John Pumphrey. On these
lat-mientioned tracts, which adjoin each other, there is a tojera
ble-sized (ram- .1.i : an excellent tobacco-house and corn
house, and a ....... .-, of wood for fuel and other purposes
The character of the soil being naturally good, it could, at a tri-
fling expense to the purchaser, and by a judicious course of cul-
tivation, in a fetv years be made a first-rate farm.
It is deemed unnecessary to give a further description ol the
above propel ty, as it is presumed htose desirous of purchasing
will view the same before the day of sale.
The terms of sale, as prescribed by the decree, are : 8800 ol
the purchase- money to be paid in cash on the day of sale, or iat-
ification thereof by the court, and the balance upon a credit of
oine, two, and three years, secured by bonds to be approved by
the trustee, bearing interest from the day of sale. On payment
of the whole purchase-money, the undersigned is authorized by
,he decree to execute a deed or deeds to the purchaser or pur-
chasers, conveying all the right and title of the parties to said
suit and of any person or persons claiming under them.
ELIZABETH FERRAL,
Trustee, Bladensburg, Maryland.
nov 12-cp3tawts (Marlboro' Gazette)
A UCTION GOODS.--THOMAS r. BARNES has just
received from the Baltimore auctions the following ar-
ticles, viz.-
50 pieces cloths, all shades and qualities
50 do plain, ribbed, and diamond cassimeres
25 do 7-4 broadclotlis, for ladies' tloaks
20 do plain and diamond beaver cloths
25 do tuper fine and low priced pilot cloths, from 87j
cents to $3
50 do Lonion tweeds and Kentucky jeans
250 do cassinets, from 37j ets. to 81 50
lob do full cloths, heavy, fir servants
300 pairs Rose, Whitney, and M ickinaw blankets, cheap
500 point blankets, from 621 to $1 50
100 pieces heavy cotton osnaburgs
20 cases and bales bleached and brown cottons, cheap
nov 12--3t
r|littUSTEEI'S SALE Olf' VACANT LOT.-By
T virtue of a deed oftrust from George W. Way, dated the
21st day of May, 1833, and recorded among the land reccirds for
tha county of Washiigton, the subscriber, as trustee, will offer
lor sale at public auction, at the auction stole of Edward Dyer,
on Saturday, the 14th instant, at IP o'clock A. M., lot No. 6, in
square N,' 439, froeting 46 leet on Eighth street west, and run-
t.,.: l.i k 99 feet 4 inches.
I. ,.*,. of sale : One-third of the purchase money in cash, and
the balance in three and six months, for notes satisfactorily en-
dorsed, bearing interest from the day of sale.
E. J. MIDDLETON,
nov 12-dif Trustee.
L[ EECHES, LEECHES, LEECHUES.-A large
supply of the best European Leeches just received, and
ready for use.
M. .i t.. ,.i. ,n. n .ail families at a distance can be supplied at
all iv.-.. ,, i .-' ii,. '*.,ter with those that are clear of conta-
gion! and such as may be applied with the greatest ease by the
most noskilful hand.
Office llth street, Washington ; dwelling Bridge street,
Georgetown.
nov 12--ctA MSAML. CLARK.
1 dbDb Ut LLARS RIEWARD.-Ranaway from thestib-
J'"L&lV scriber, ahoutthe 1st July last, a man named SCIPIO,
supposed to be from 48 to 50 years of age, 5 feet 8 to 9 inches
h:gh, dark complexion, and spare ; had on when he left domestic
cotton shirt and pantaloons, and took with him one blue cloth coat,
dark .loth pantaloons, and old fur white hat. He has been seen
at different times in the Pomonkey and Mettawoinan neighborhood
within the last three weeks. He baa acquaintances in Washing-
ton and Alexandria, D. C. The above reward will be given if
taken, and secured so that the .,vi~hew""e,d gets him, in a free
State; fifty dollars if taken in \,. r1.1,' ..r Marylani, excepting
Charles county, and twenty-five dollars in that.
ROBERT GRAY,
nov 12-2awim Charles county, Md.
75,000 Dollars.
POKOMOKE RIVER LOTTERY OF DELA-
WARE. Class No. 25.


GRAND SCHEME.
1 Grand Prize of 60,000 Dollars.
1 do of 30,000 Dollars.
1 Prize of 15,000 Dollars.
1 do of 10,000 Dollars.
1 prize of $8,000 5 prizes of $1,750
1 do of 7,000 10 do of 1,500
1 do of 6,000 350 do of 1,000
1 do of 5,000 50 do of 600
I do of 4,000 50 do of 400
1 do of 2,500 100 do of 300
I do of 2,311 100 do of 20
4 do of 2,000 170 do of 200
Besides prizes of $150-- 100-$80- $70-$60--50--$40-
$25--20-815-$13-$10.
Tickets only $20-Halves S10O-Quarters $5-Eighths 82 50.
Certificates ofpackages f 26 whole tickets, $260
Do do 26 half do 130
Do do 26 quarter do 65
Do do 26 eighth do 32 50
l" Tickets and shares and certificates of packages In the
above splendid scheme for sale at the office of the Managers,
Pennsylvania avenue, one door east of Gabsby's Hotel.
j" Orders by mail promptly attended to, and the drawingsent
a soon as over. Address
D. S. GREGORY 40 CO. Managers,
nov --Th,Sat.Tu,Th-&Sstif Was npglt


[ DITORS' CORfRESPONDZNCt.

NEW YORK, NOTvMmBi 10, 1840.
The Harrison majorities in this State swell up*
instead of being cut down, as returns come in.
We have over 12,000 now, and so well had "Old
Tip" led off that I should not be surprised if we
got near 13,000 for him. He runs ahead of every
thing, as a general remark, and he takes in a
great deal after him. This shows how little Mr.
VAN BUREN was "the favorite son of New York,"
for he will be about the lowest on all tickets.
Five Members of Congress remain in doubt as
yet, so close has been the run in their districts.
In the district of SILAS WRIGHT, a Whig member
is gained. Where the sub-Treasury was first con-
cocted, viz. on the banks of the St. Lawrence, it
is now effectually put down.
There is no doubt that the Whigs have the As-
sembly, though their majority will be small. The
victory is complete. SEWARD will have about
9,000 majority. The lawyers of the State have
often scratched him in consequence of a recom-
mendation in his message to cut down their fees,
and the Protestant clergy with others because of
his recommendation for a Catholic school-fund.
The Van Buren majority in this city is but little
over 1,000, but the Van Buren Governor's majori-
ty is over 2,000. We have not the official returns,
though, up to this hour.
MAINE continues to come in right. In 94,000
votes thrown, the Whig majority will be a little
over 500. This is close shaving. The law made
for the benefit of Locofocoisni, to enable it to in-
crease its majorities in the back woods, has gene-
rally answered the purposes intended.
MASSACHUSETTS was voting in first-rate style
yesterday. The rumors are all excellent, but we
have returns from only two towns, one of them
Worcester, where JOHN DAvis, the Whig candidate
for Governor, resides, which shows a Whig majori-
ty of 515 votes, and a Whig gain of 284 within
a year.
The return of the steam-ship President, which
leaves again to-morrow, makes this packet day.
Exchange on London is 108J to 1081; on Paris,
5 121. The packet that sails to-day for Havre
takes out about $300,000 in specie. The balance
of trade is very much against us on France. We
wear too many silks, and drink too much wine,
now that it costs so little to import them. We
shall get such a taste for those luxuries, that they
will be a fine subject, among others, which, be-
tween now and 1842, it will be necessary to resort
to for the purpose of raising additional revenue
for the support of Government.

el To prevent disappointment, it is proper to
state that no order for the "National Intelligen-
cer," for the session of Congress, or for any other
term less than a year, will be attended to unless
accompanied by the cash. The price for the daily
paper is a dollar a month for any term short of a
year; for the tri-weekly paper four dollars for six
months, and two dollars fur three months, dtfif

W ALUABL.E EIlHERIUES ANDI LANDS IN"
Virginia tor Sale at IPubltc Auctton.-By virtue of
a deed of trust, executes by John Masnm, Jr. Esq. and Catharine
his wife, on the 17th August, 1835, for certain purl'oses therein
mentioned, the subscriber will offor for sale, at public auction, at
the tavern of Mr. George P. Wise, in Alexandria, in the District
of Columbia, on Thursday, the 26th day of November inst. at 11
o'clock A. M. all thiat valuable tract or parcel of land called
Dogue or Dogue's Neck, situate in the county of Fairfax, in the
State of Virginia, at the junction of the Occoquan and the Poto-
mac rivers, which shall be included in the following lines and de-
scriptions-that is to say : Beginning in the line established be-
iween the late George Mason of Gunston, deceased, and the late
William Mason of Lexington, both of said county of Fairfax, at a
stake driven in the ground, where was intended to be planted a
stone marked No. 1, about the middle of the northwestern margin
of a small island, described in the will of the late George Mason
of Lexington, (the father of the said George and Williami,) as be-
ing on the north side of a marsh, called the Great marsh, at or
near the mouth of Crawford's creek, and supposed to contain two
or three acres of land ; thence, with the said 'ividing line, across
the arm of the marsh and through the adjoining field, north two
degrees and three-quarters west, to a stake drove in the ground,
where was tobe planted a stone marked IM. GM. WM. by the
side of the road leading from Lexington down into the neck, near
the head of one of the forks of Poplar branch, and about one
hundred and eighteen poles from a noted lombardy poplar tree
standing by itself in a field in a continuation of the said north two
degrees and three-quartets west course and at the end of the
same, being one of the trees described in the aforesaid will as
near old Crawford's grave yard, and for a corner in said dividing
line, at which place corners with the tract herein described a
tract of land heretofore conveyed by said William Mason, late of
Lexington, deceased, to his brother, the late George Mason, of
Gunston, deceased, as also a tract of land heretofore sold by said
William of Lexington to William Mason of Mattawoman; thence
south sixty-five degrees and a half west through the open fields
'o ared oak three, where was to be planted a stone marked I &
W, near the head of a lane called Graham's lane, then the same
course continued through the field to the woods at a place called
the long levels, through the said woods to an enclosed field of the
plantation formerly called Nace's plantation, and through this last
mentioned field, leaving the barn and houses in thie same a little
to the right, crossing a deep ravine and a small piece of woods to
a field lying on Occoquan river, called the old plantation, and
through the said field to a stake driven in the ground, where was
to be planted a stone marked WM. IM. near the bank of said
river ; and thence with the same course continued down the bank
and across the beach to the margin of said river at a place about
twenty-eight poles below the lower side of a marsh or pocosin
which makes up into the woods, being in all for this course eight
hundred and twenty-four poles ; thence down the river Occoquan
and binding therewith, according to its several courses and mean-
ders, and crossing a pocosin, called tho Short marsh, and the mouth
of a small creek or gut, called High Point creek, to the jnnction
of the Occoquan river with the Potomic river, at or near a place
called High Point; thence up the river Potomac and binding
therewith, according to its several courses and meanders, passing
by a pocosin, called the Ash pocosin, and around a place called
Stony point, and along the beach adjoining the Great marsh
hereinbefore mentioned, to a place called the Causeway point, de-
scribed in the heretofore mentioned will of the late George Ma-
son of Lexington, as at the mouth of the Great marsh, and for the
beginning of the aforesaid dividing line between his sons Geoego
and William, and lately established by them as such; thence in
a straight line northwardly, through the said marsh to the begin-
ning, supposed to contain fourteen hundred and fifty acres of
land, be the same mere or less; being the same tract of land
heretofore conveyed by William Mason, late of Lexington, de-
ceased, to a certain John Mason, by deed bearing date the ninth
day of November, 1818.
This traet contains some of thie most valuable, productive, and
werl-known fisheries on the River Potomac, some of them known
as tho High Point Fisheries ;" and, in that respect, indepen-
dent of the value of land, presents an opportunity for a most pro-
fitable investment.
The terms of sale shall be made known at the time of sale,
and, on full payment of the purchase money, with all interest and
costs, the subscriber, as trustee, will convey to the purchaser or
purchasers all the right and title given in the aforesaid deed of
trust.
nov 4-3tawiftl0Nov&dts RD. SMITH, Troutee.
60,000 DOLLARS I
16 drawn Ballots!--More Prizes than Blanks.

ALEXANDRIA LOTTERY,
Class B for 1840,
To be drawn at Alexandria, (D. C.) on Saturday, 14th Nov. 1840.
D. S. GREGORY S Co. Managers.










FRM031 FOREIGN PAPERS,
RECEIVED FROM OUR EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT.

Within the last week the public journals have announced
the departure of several vessels from London and other parts
of Euoland, containing a number of persons of considerable
Ipr.pIr, Y, with their families, and accompanied by a due pro-
.,.rtl,.r of mechanics and laborers, as emigrants to one or
other of the newly-formed colonies, of which Britain pop-
soiess a rich variety. We consider the subject of sufficient
ni.,,i:aIn tn warrant a few remarks on the general subject of
emnigration.
Emigration, as a temporary and partial relief from the evils
of a redundant population, differs materially, in many points,
from the causes which led to the formation of colonies by the
ancientsi The Roman colonies were mostly planted for pur-
p:)ses purely political-either that of extending the territory,
or securing the frontiers of the republic, or of allaying the
discontent of the citizens when they endeavored to assert, by
an ALrririn law, their right to a share in the conquered
landt. orf tihe free citizens, and not of the slaves, who formed
the lowest class of the State, the Roman colonies were con-
stituted. Nor were the Greekcolonies composed of the lowest
and poorest portions of society, but rather of the middle and
higher classes-of persons who had capital sufficient to build
or to hire shipping, and to lay in a supply of provisions suffi-
tient to last until their new possessions became productive.
If there were no other means of proving this fact, the rapid
'and brilliant rise of most of those colonies to wealth and
power would afford sufficient grounds for concluding that a
quantity of capital, in those times considerable, must have
been employed in their foundation. The most successful emi-
wr,,ini,s in modern times have consisted, not of the lowest
class of laborers sent out at the public charge, but of owners
of small capitals, who have sought in other countries more
Icr'il. sources of production than they could find at home.
Theo improved system of management under which the
Crown lands in the British Colonies have recently been
placed by the Government at home has supplied a new stimu-
lus to the spirit of emigration ; and many persons, possessed
of small capital, have left the shores of Britain to settle in one
or other of the numerous colonies, in both hemispheres, which
pertain to the Sovereign of England. On these the new settle-
ments will mainly depend for the successful development of their
resources, and for the moral improvement of their inhabitants.
'Tharoliginn, the laws, the spirit, which have raised this coun-
'try to its present high state of intelligence and refinement, will
constitutee at once the foundation of, and supply the means
for raising a similar superstructure in the settlements which
they have selected as the scenes of their enterprise, and the
site of their future homes. Without the intellectual and mo-
ral superiority of such persons, the masses of mere laborers
and the lower classes of mechanics who might be induced, by
the force of physical suffering, to break asunder the ties of
country and kindred, and to seek a bare subsistence in some
other place, would gradually sink into a state of semi-barba-
rism, and thus, if the designs of those who supplied them
with the means of emigration were not frustrated by the en-
tire failure of the project, the hew settlements would but
slowly progress towards improvement, owing to the absence
'of capital and science in the settlers, and from their utter in-
'ability to direct and govern each other.
It is only of late years that those to whom are confided the
guidarce and government of the nation have had their atten-
tiona directed to the policy of facilitating and regulating emi-
oration from the old country to its distant dependencies. A
curious illustration of the prejudice which prevailed among
Britain's statesmen, at a very recent date, against coloniza-
tion, and the arguments by which they sought to justify their
resistance to the settlement of a colony in North America,
will be found among Dr. FRANKLIN'S Miscellaneous Papers.
Some time after Dr. FRANKLIN came to England on his se-
cond mission, as agent for Pennsylvania, (about 1766,) a pro-
ject was formed in America, originating with Sir W. JOHN-
SON, Governor FRANKLIN, and others, for settling a new colo-
ny in the Ohio country ; and Doctor FRANKLIN was request-
ed to explain to and enforce upon the Government here the
advantages which would be derived from the undertaking, amn
to solicit a grant from the Crown to carry it into effect. In
the progress of the negotiation, Lord HILLSBOROUOGH, Secre-
tary to the Board of Trade and Plantations, drew up a Re-
port to the Cabinet against the application; and in the course
of his argument urged, as reasons which ought to prevail wilh
the Privy Council to refuse the grant, the following notable
reasons: The proposed new settlement was so distant that
the expense of conveying our manufactures thither would
prevent the settlers from using British manufactured goods;
the settlers would therefore be compelled to manufacture for
themselves! it would also, on account of the distance, be
difficult to defend and govern the new settlement. When it
is considered that the proposed new settlement was situate in
the very heart of America, and is now one of the most flour-
ishing of the United States, the objection founded on distance
from England will be sufficient to show how rapid must have
been the improvements in the science of locomotion within
the last few years, seeing that 70 years since America was re-
V garded as almost beyond the reach of commercial enterprise!
But the principal reason which induced Lord HILLSBOROUGH
and several of his colleagues to resist the project of a new co-
lony, was one which contrasts most strongly with the present
efforts of Irish landlords, by all sorts of means, to thin their
estates of the wretched peasantry-their numbers being so
large, and the means of subsistence, through the prevalence
of a vicious social system, Bo scanty, that poverty and even
famine, in their most revolting forms, overspread the land.
Lord HILLSBOROuoH'S principal reason for resisting the appli-
cation was the temptation to emigration it would hold out to
the population of Ireland, and the consequent danger it would
create of that country being dispeopled!
Emigration to any considerable extent, at the public cost,
although it may for a time palliate the evils of a redundant
population, as it reaches not the source of the evil, will never
extirpate the causes in which the evil originates; while, if It
be carried on to an extent sufficient to effect a temporary im-
provement in a country impoverished by a superabundant po-
pulation, it would require an outlay of national capital which
must materially affect the sources of reproduction, and thus
materially diminish the means of employing the laboring po-
pulation of the empire at large. For these reasons we hail
with approbation the spirit of enterprise which has been called
forth, inducing persons of intelligence and capital to employ
their resources in the attempt to colonize distant settlements-
thus offering to the redundant laborers and mechanics of this
country advantages in the security and profitable employment
of their labor, to accompany or follow them, which mere emi-
gration furnished to masses of such persons at the public
charge could never afford.
Translation of a petition from thenations and inhabitants of
Mount Lebanon and Syria to Sultan Abdul Medjid, of
Constantinople.
A PErTITION.-We humbly supplicate at the threshold of
the Divan of the mighty Sovereign, the benevolent and just,
the venerated authority and daring lion, the lord of the sword
and of the pen (viz. of death and mercy,) the shadow of
God over the earth, our honored Sultan, Abdul Medjid
Khan ; may God perpetuate the days of his flourishing reign
for ever and ever-Amen. That the frightful tyranny and
the horrible oppression and cruelty under which Mohammed
Ali Pacha has belabored us (he who pretends to be as one of
your Majesty's slaves, but who, in fact, has dared to be trea-
cherous to your most illustrious and venerated father of bless-
ed memory, and whose abode now may be Paradise,) have
compelled us to throw ourselves at the feet of your imperial
throne, which is adorned with the rays of justice and mercy,
spreading our supplicating arms towards your Majesty's pa-
ternal and sublime clemency, that you may be pleased to turn
your eye towards our protection and safety, knowing as we
do how vast and extensive the equity of your Majesty's
government, which is so renowned throughout the world,
and how immense and unlimited your Majesty's mercy and
clemency; wherefore our hearts burn with the fire of the de-
sire of attaining that happiness also which is enjoyed by all
those fortunate beings who are your subjects. What crime
have we committed to cause your Majesty's resplendent face
to be turned away from us, and thereby we should be left to be
thrashed under the edges of an unbearable tyranny and of an
unsupportable iniquity and oppression, while our fathers and
forefathers, ever since a period of 400 years, have continually
enjoyed the happiness and comfort of the protection of your
Majaty's imperial standard I We are their sons, and pre-
pared to follow their steps, that we may inherit the same hap-
piness which they enjoyed for so many centuries, to the great
glory of your Majesty's imperial dynasty.
We, therefore, pray and supplicate your paternal benigni-
ty and clemency not to abandon us, and to let it be said that a
vast and numerous population has been left to be immolated
as a sacrifice to the selfish ambition and sordid avarice of a
single man; a tyrant, totally devoid of feeling and humanity,
who not only proved himself ungrateful to and forgetful of
your Majesty's great bounty to him, but dared most perfidious-
ly to turn his sword towards your sacred person. Seeing our-
selves thus placed in this most wretched and miserable condi-
tion, bordering on the last degree of our total ruin and annihi-
lation, we have got up and raised your Majesty's mighty stand-
ard in defence of the legitimate and lawful rights of your


imperial sovereignty over us, for which we shall continue to
fight to the last breath of our existence. And, therefore, we
trust to the divine aid of the Almighty, and in your Majesty's
assistance, to overpower that common enemy of yours and
ours, and to drive him away from your dominions.
"Hence, we again supplicate and implore the throne of
your Majesty's universal mercy and clemency, to turn your
royal face towards us with your mighty aid and assistance;
especially our said enemy having stopped all the roads against
us by land, and also by sea, and thereby prevents us receiving
any supply of the necessary warlike stores we are in need of;
and as we have no fleet to oppose his, we most earnestly en-
triat your Majesty to afford us the needful succors for the
opening of the roads, &e. otherwise we shall be, God forbid,
unavoidably placed in a most distressing state, and in an im-
minent ruin. But, no! never will your Majesty's imperial
add paternal mercy and benevolence allow such a disastrous
calamity to befal us. And we pray the Almighty God topre-
ii-rve your sacred person, and to perpetuate the days of your
glorious reign with happiness and victory.
"Signed and sealed by your Majesty's slaves,
"THE NATION OF METAOWLEH,
"THE NATION OF DROOZ,
"THE CHRISTIAN NATION."
A report is given in the Paris papers of the usual periodical
meeting of the Tribunal of Commerce for the installation of
new judges and supplementary judges. On this occasion, M.
Pepin Lehalleur addressed a discourse to the audience, com-
prising a .ummary of the lbors of the Tribunal during the


past year, which in one respect may be termed an apervu of
the condition of French commerce during the past year, so
far as the litigation of commercial causes and the extent of
bankruptcy. Thus, of commercial suits he stated the num
her of citations to have been 41,331, of which 32,780 were
judged by default; 8,283 were decided absolutely or by con-
ciliation; some remained for decision, and the remainder were
withdrawn or erased from the list. In comparison with the
year preceding, the reduction in the number of these citations
was equal to one-fifteenth. Amongst those of absolute refer-
ence, however, there were a larger proportion in which the
pleadings were of much greater length, and the nature of
which required them to be sent for hearing before a higher
judicial grade. In the course of the year, the number of
failures declared at the tribunal was 843, which was about
one-tenth below that of the year before. These failures con-
sisted principally of small dealers in provisions, colonial pro-
ducts, and objects of dress and fancy, as well as of the greater
number of those establishments where a ridiculous luxury
and gaudy gilding atr i th rin. ;| ,1 elements of credit." The
date of the "judicial ),.,r J.-. not exactly appear in the
document from which these facts are takes, so as to afford the
means of accurate comparison with the fiats issued for Lon-
don, of which the account in an authentic form is summed up
only from January 11, 1838, to January 11, 1839. But, ta-
king the data as they exist, it will result that-
In Paris for ih. ijit. i .1 year now ended the failures were 843
In London, fr.,, I K-to 1839, the fiats 306
This would show an extraordinary difference in favor of
the superior solidity of London traders, or of vastly greater
extent and activity of trade in Paris, which of course is a sup-
position entirely inadmissible and unfounded, as the reverse is
notoriously the fact. But, to establish a fair standard of com-
parison, it is necessary to bear in mind that in Paris there is
no secondary system of insolvent registration and adjudica-
tion, as here in the Insolvent Couit. On cursory reference
to the recent report on bankruptcy and insolvency, no account
of the number of persons who have applied to, or passed
through, the Insolvent Court for the exact year of 1838-9 ap-
pears to be given. But there is a return from the Insolvent
Court from the 1st of Uctober, 1838, to the 1st of December,
comprising a period of 14 months, from which it results that
the number of town cases for hearing during that time was
1,679, of which all but 58, where parties went out of custody
before the day of hearing, were heard and disposed ofr .,,;,
the nett number 1,621. Deducting one-seventh foi ri,.- ,,
months' surplus over the year, assuming fur the moment an
equal average rate for every month, which of course is riot
the precise fact, but for the sake of the argument, and as an
approximative calculation, there would then be for London-
Insolvent Court, 1838-9 1,390
Town fiats 306

Total 1,696
Failures in Paris 843

Excess in London 853
Or more than double the number of failures. These propor-
tions are far from showing unfavorably for London, for whilst
the population is at least double that of Pars, the commerce
carried on is doubtless more than tenfold ini'amount.
During the judicial year 872 failures had been terminated
thus: 689 by concordat; 183 by compromise, and 219 closed
for want of funds sufficient to pay expenses. These failures
had given occasion to 3,809 meetings of creditors.
In the course of the judicial year 797 commercial compa-
nies, or joint-stock associations, hadt been -, .Jn. r',.I which
were about 60 less than the year preceding, .,d,.l I.1 below
the year 1837-8, a year in which they were so abundant.
There had been in thesame timne496 dissolutions, or breaking
up, of companies, which was about 50 above the number of
preceding years. Altogether, the French commercial code
does not appear to work unfavorably, but the worthy Presi-
dent intimated a strong opinion on relaxing the debtor and
creditor law as "fatal to the morality which distinguishes
French commerce from that of many nations where bankrupt-
cy is regarded without shame, and too commonly."
SUBMARINE FOREST.-We have been favored with an in-
spection of several specimens of the fossil remains of this
forest. It lies on the seacoast, below Seathorne, or Ow-
thorne, and extends along the shore for some hundred yards,
and, probably, a considerable way below low-water mark into
the sea. The most prominent portion now visible is to the
north of the ancient site of Owthorne church, supposed to
have been built early in the 13th century. Whether the
ground on which this forest once stood has experienced the
change which has taken place, through the agency of a con-
vulsion of nature, or from the mere gradual encroachment of
the sea, does not appear from any documentary testimony;
we think from the last, the cliff abo,- ;1 I.. ,.a ..,, r ..I. r, I r .i
oldt inhabitants to have been much in,. -r. i, fi .- ,1 1ri,.
than it now is, and must have been part of the mainland on
which the forest stood. These remains consist of fir, beech,
and oak, most of them in a carbonized state, and crumbling
to pieces on any force being applied to them. A few months
ago, the vertebra and antlers of a stag were founil, which are
now in the possession of the Rev. C. Sykes, of Roos. The
trunks and bhles of many of the trees now visible are from
twelve to eighteen inches in diameter, and from three to four
feet above the surface, inclining in different directions, from
a horizontal position, at an angle of about 30 degrees. The
arms and branches are prostrate, and partially embedded in
the sand of the shore. The best time for a survey is the
second and third days after the full and change of the moon,
as the tides then ebb and flow the lowest.-Hull paper.
About six months since, as the beagles forming the hunt of
T. Broadwood, Esq. of Holmbush, were hunting, they were
attacked and some of them bitten by a dog in a rabid state.
Since that time the strictest attention has been paid to them,
but no sign of the malady was noticed until Monday night,
when, on the keeper entering the kennel to feed them, he per-
ceived a strange alteration in one of them. On the following
morning it was evident hydrophobia had commenced; the
pack was secured in the kennel, the one attacked prowling
about the kennel howling most dismally, with saliva running
from his mouth; the other dogs seemed conscious of the
dreadful malady under which their companion was suffering,
creeping by the side of their kennels and avoiding him as
much as possible. Mr. Broadwood immediately issued direc-
tions for the dogs to be shot, but previous to the order being
received the dog had gone raving mad, biting all he could
get near, till at last the poor creatures could bear it no longer,
and they all set upon him with, as it would seem, a determi-
nation of destroying him, which they dlid; they were seen
repeatedly to lift his head up as high they could and dash it
against the stones. The number shot was nearly 20.
fStandard.
A CHINESE DANDY.-Many persons have supposed, who
only know the Chinese superficially, that a nation so grave,
so sedate, and so monotonous, cannot include either fops or
bon vivants. They are, however, mistaken; few countries
possess more of these worthies than China, though, per-
haps their talents are not carried to so great an excess as
in other parts of the world. The dress of the Chinese petit
maitre is very expensive, being composed of the most costly
skins or carpets; his boots or shoes are of a particular shape,
and made of the richest black satin of Nankin, the soles are
of a certain height; his knee caps are elegantly embroidered;
his cap and button are-of the neatest cut; his pipes elegant
and high-priced; his tobacco of the best manufacture of Fo
kien; an English gold watch, a tooth pick hung at his but-
ton, with a string of valuable pearls; a fan from Nankin,
scented with chulan flowers. Such are the personal appoint-
ments of a Chinese dandy.
THE JEws AND OLIVER CROMWELL.--IIm the King's collec-
tion in the British Museum is a pamphlet of some rarity,
called The humble petition of Menessah Ben Israel, one of
the Jewish nation, to his fi.hi. t..- ti..- Lord Protector Cromn-
well." The following curious asecdhote of this affair is given
in that rare work Raeguenet's Hist. d'Oliver Cromwell."
" About the time Rabbi Menessah Ben Israel came to Eng-
land to solicit the Jews admission, the" Asiatic Jews sent
hither the noted Rabbi Jacob Ben Azahel, with several
others of his nation, to make private inquiry whether Crom-
well was not that MEssIAH whom they had so long expected ;
which deputies, upon their arrival, pretending other business,
were several times indulged the favor of a private audience
from him; and at one of them proposed buying the Hebrew
books and manuscripts belonging to the University of Cam-
bridge, in order to have an opportunity, under pretence of
viewing them, to inquire amongst his relations in Huntmnodon-
shire, where he was born, and whether any of his ancestors
could be proved of Jewish extract. This project of theirs
was very readily agreed to, the Universily at that time teing
under a cloud on account of their former loyalty to the King,
and accordingly the ambassadors set forward upon their jour
ney. But discovering, by their much longer continuance at
Huntingdon than at Cambridge, that their business at the last
place was not such as was pretended, and by not making their
inquiries into Oliver's pedigree with that caution and secresy
which was necessary in such an niffair, the true purpose of
I heir errand into Englani became quickly known at Lonlon,
and was very much talked of; which causing great scandal
among the saints, he was forced suddenly to pack them out of
the kingdom, without granting any ot their requests."


The Sentinelle of Toulon mentions another instance of
death occasioned by punishment in a Government steamer.
A sailor of the Lavoisier, attached to the Levant squadron,
having been guilty of insubordination, was ordered into the
coal-hole, and was suffocated. The second officer of the
ship was sent home under arrest, and the father of the de-
ceased has laid a complaint before the Procureur du Roi at
Toulon.
We have heard from an English ,cnulnrn-n of the highest
respectability, and who has resided ". r 4. .r .I yearsin China,
that several descendants of the old Ch'trn.-,.,- .tv are living
in Nankin andl its vicinity; hence, should circumstances be
driven to extremities, it is not unlikely that the Shah Soojah
system will be resorted to in China, and the Tartar sovereign
be displaced.-Sun.
A MINISTER's LEisuaRE."-Lord John Russell has been
reposing, after the fatigues of the session, at Naworth Castle,
in Cumberland. Last Saturday evening week, the postage
of his lordship's despatches to the Colonial Office amounted
to 21. 17s., and no more."-Perth paper.
The Rev. Dr. Shuttleworth, of New College, Oxford, is
gazetted as the successor of Dr. Otter, in the see of Chiches-
ter. The appointment is a testimony of the interest taken by
the Cabinet in the real welfare of the church. The new
Bishop is known to be possessed of distinguished learning
and of liberal and enlightened opinions. His uncompromis-
ing hostility to the newly broached system of Oxford theology,
better known by the appellation of Puseyism, and of which
his recent work, "Scripture, not tradition," affords abundant
evidence, at once attests his orthodoxy and his learning,


An ornamental printer of Paris was recently fined 600
francs and sentenced to a year's imprisonment by the Court
of Aesize, for exposing to view and selling obscene and irre-
ligious prints. The verdict of the jury was to the following
effect: Guilty of exposing for sale works contrary to the
religion of the majority of the French people."
A few days ago," says the Univers, "the conversation
at the staff-quarlers of the National Guard turned on the
rumors of war, in presence of Marshal Ghrard. An officer
asked him whether he expected a war'? 1 would bet neither
for nor against one,' replied the Marshal, but I do not ex-
pect one.'"
The Russian order of St. Andrew, which has just been
conferred by the Emperor Nicholas on the Baron Brunow,
was instituted by Peter the Great, in 1698, and dedicated to
the Apostle, to whom tradition attributes the introduction of
Christianity into Muscovy. It ranks very high among Rus-
sian orders, and is only bestowed on men of the first conse-
quence.-Globe.
By an arrival from St. Helena, of the 20th July, we find
that Prince Joinville was hourly expected in the Artgmise,
and great preparations had been making to do honor to his
Royal Highness. There was no French man-of-war, at the
above date, at the island ; but her Majesty's schooner Dolphtin
remained. A carriage of amazing dimensions had been built
hor the conveyance of Napoleon's remains from the tomb to
the landing place.-Courier.
Within the last ten years, one of the new secret societies,
which are fast superseding the older ones in numbers, utility,
and respectability-we mean the Odd Fellows' Society-has
distributed in charity amongst its members, and other appli-
cants for its bounty, no less a sum than 130,000 -Globe.
SANDWICH BAY.-By an arrival from the coast of Labra-
dor, her Majesty's sloop Crocodile was left at Sandwich Bay
there. She had instructions to survey the state of the fish-
eries on the coast, where Americans are stated to have made
great encroachments. And also the captain had instructions
to make inquiries into the religious condition of the inhabi-
tants, for which end a series of queries had been drawn up
for him by the Bishop of Newfoundland. On his voyage he
had hauled down a French flag which was found flying on
the shore of one of the fishing stations, where, by treaty, the
French were entitled to fish on the coast of Newfoundland.
INDIA RUsBER v. LAw.-This most remarkable article,
which only a few years ago was sent to this country as bal-
last, now sells, in a fine state, as high as 10s. to 14.. per
pound, when spun into thread. One firm spins as much in-
dia rubber thread every week as would reach from London
to Canton, the country it is imported from. There are twelve
patents for this article, and these patents have cost more to
defend in law, than the amount paid for India rubber since
the article has been known to us as of any value. Experi-
ments are now making in England and in France to apply
the article to the cure of consumption!
Crockford, it is very generally rumored and credited, will
retire with an income of nothing short of 25,000 per an-
num, or the interest of more than half a million of money.
Croekford has not the ambition of Gulley, or probably like
that renowned, or, as Luttrell calls him, so-fist-icated person-
age, he might obtain a seat in Parliament-the ambitious
yearning of more than one mnan that we have beard of in
connexion with the play-ring. But Crocky has no ambition
of this kind ; he looks to indulgence in the quietude of re-
treat-to the pleasure of reflecting on his past doings, and
calculating events to come ; not the events of chance, but the
events of eternity Crocky is now rich enough to purchase
repentance and build churches.-Satirist.
THE IRISH AND SCOTCH.-" I canna say that I dinna like
whiskey toddy," said the Doctor; "in the cauld winter
nights its no sae bad." Ah that's it," said Power, "there's
the pull you Scotch have upon us poor Patlanders-cool, cal-
culating, long-headed fellows, you only come up to the mark
after 15 tumblers; whereas we hot-brained devils, with a
blood at 212 degrees of Fahrenheit, and a high-pressure en-
gine of good spirits always ready for an explosion, we go
clean mad when lipsey ; not but I am fully convinced that a
mad Irishman is worth two sane people of any other country
under Heaven."-Charles O'Malley.
Italy and the Italians, by F. Von Raumer. With a slight
touch of the professor petit maitre-the least thing of the
Sir Plume-Von Raumer is, as heretofore, a very lively,
very intelligent compagnon de voyage, and if not as profound
as he may fancy, at least aim ingenious and far from common-
place historiographer. In these two volumes, he takes us
with him from Dresden, by Vienna, to Trieste, and from
thence to the sea Cybele, and so onward through the various
States of Italy down to Sicily, giving us, as he goes, some
light and graceful notices of the ordinary topics of tourist
uobservation-the arts, literature, the theatres, scenery, and
society, but reserving much the better half of his communi-
cations for inquiries into the workings of the present politi-
cal systems throughout this old classic land, and more partic-
ularly for a survey of the history of Naples and Sicily in
latter times. This is a melancholy work, but it is executed
in a masterly manner. It so happened that, as our learned
traveller was en route for Italy, he had an interview with no
less a person than Prince Metternich, who, on the occasion,
was the most affable, unaffected, artless, and sage of states-
men. They had a full half hour's interview. The Prince
asked me, more than onre, whether I was not of his way of
thinking," says Von Raumer, and doubtless he was d'accord.
We need not be surprised, after this happy concurrence, to
find that Venice and all Lombardy are in the finest possible
condition, and that the yearning of Italian patriots for a
freedom front the Austrian yoke is but, at best, a manifesta-
tion of amiable insanity. Still the Von gives his reasons
for the faith he professes in this delicate matter, and he
makes out a fair ex part case. There is much to interest
in his publication, and it already enjoys an extensive circu-
lation.
EXTRAORDINARY CANDIDATE FOR AN M. P-Among the
advertisements in the Ayr Advertiser of Thursday last is an
electioneering address "To the Free and Independent Elec-
tors of the County of Ayr," (presently represented by Vis-
K. 11,,,,rn ,' signed John Parker, Laird of Assloss and
'I.li. ;, B.-., The composition of this document is cer-
tainly unique. Mr. Parker having asowedl his ambition to
represent his native county, and being assured, from the signs
of the times, that we must soon have a dissolution of Parlia-
ment, proceeds to state his religious and political creed.
"I am warmly," be says, nay, enthusiastically attached
to the church of my forefathers-the glorious kirk of Scot-
land-that church of many martyrs; and will spend the last
h A,.ll., I have in her defence against all the powers of hell,
backed by the pious majority of the Court of Session."
This is at least explicit. In consistency with his religious
opinions, the Laird of Assloss and Sliddery Braes thus can-
didly avows his political sentiments:
In politics, I am ani out-and-out double-distilled radical,
but, take care, no chartist or socialist, the deluded followers
of the unhappy Owen, formerly of Lanark Mills, a man who
should have been in a lunatic asylum years ago. My mod-
els of eloquence-the great apostle of the Gentiles, magnani-
mous Paul, Demosthenes, arid the first Earl of Chatham."
On the subject of character, the laird is as plain-spoken as
on politics.
Now, as to private character, which in an M. P. should
be good, I refer you to every man, woman (I had almost said
child) in Kilmarnock. My constitution, thanks to grace, is
excellent, and was well tried in my younger years. My mo-
dfels of criminal and civil jurisprudence are Sir M. Hale,
Lords Talbot, Denman, Glenlee, Moncrieff, Jeffrey, Cun-
ningham, and Fullarton. My books of consultation are the
ever-blessed Word of GOD,' all the puritanical divines,
Chalmers, Gordon. Buchanan, &c. I am fund of agriculture,
but not very practical, being but seldom at home."
The laird continues this strain of free and easycommunica-
tion, and in openness and candor is certainly superior to most
of the non-intrusionisls.
I am ashamed to say I am still unmarried, but, under
GoD's grace, intend to play Renedick soon ; but, as there are
two to that bargain, pardon me fur not saying more at present,
If I am spared till next week, I shall (D. V.) have great plea-.
sure in paying you all, if in my power, my personal respects,
if 1 can get horses to keep up with my enthusiasm. Now,
GOD bless the QOueen and Prince Albert, and turn their hearts
unto Himself. Old Melbourne-not a bad fellow on the
whole-worthy, excellent Fox Mauls ; and great success to
"JOHN PARKER,
Laird of Asslmos and Sliddery Braes.
King's Arms Inn, Ayr, Aug. 27, 1840."
A quantity of quicksilver is in the possession of a veterinary
surgeon at Oswestry, which was gathered from the breast-
bone and other remains of the body of a respectable farmer
who was interred in Whittington churchyard 35 years ago.
The discovery was made last week, whilst a grave was being
dug to receive the corpse of a son of the above.-Shrewsbury
News.
SINGULAR CASES or SuICIDE,.-Misinterpretations of scrip-
ture will sometimes lead those piously inclined to the com-
mission of self-destruction. M. Gillet hung himself at
the age of 75, having left in his own handwriting the fomllow-
ing apology :" Jesus Christ has said that when a tree is old,
and cannot bear fruit, it is good that it should be destroyed."


Dr. Burrows attended a nobleman who, for fear of being poi-
soned, though he pretended it was in imitation of our Sa-
viour's task, took nothing but strawberries and water forthree
weeks, and these in very moderate quantities. He never vo-
luntarily abandoned his resolution. He was at length com-
pelled to take some nutriment, but not until inanition had
gone too far, and he died completely attenuated. When sound
religious principles produce a struggle in the mind which is
beginning toi be deranged, the contest generally ends in sui-
cide.- Winslow's Anatomy of Suicide.
CARAVAN TRAVELLING IN THE EAST.-This being an as-
semblage of merchants and travellers congregating together
for mutual protection, there is always, to a certain degree,
some danger when going over the Turkish and Persian soil,
which arises from that restless and untameable and nomadic
population called Kourds," inhabiting the frontiers of those
countries, despising all authority, governed by none. Du-
ring my being at Aiz Roum," they were flying about in all
directions, taking advantage of an unarmed population, and
almost to the gates of the city committing their depredations.
Thirty travellers had just presented themselves, plundered
and stripped to the skin. There being at length ready about
a hundred and fifty people, we formed our caravan of the most
motley group, both of man and beast, that was, perhaps, ever
assembled. I was the only European amongst them, and
consequently some object of the vacant stare of the mule-
teers. The leading camel, led by a donkey, was adorned
with much frippery, and colored beads and bits of glass about


the head and ears, the knees, and saddle housings: of this
the leader of the caravan is very proud, and as it moves on
at a funeral pace, there is plenty of time to smoke the pipe of
reflection whilst the sound of the camels' bells is sonorously
issuing from the ravines, the train sometimes occupying half
a mile in length; the day's travel being determined either by
the pasture to be found for the cattle, which is free to all
comers if it be summer, or to the village supply of provender
if in the winter. As to the traveller's accommodation, that
is the last thing thought of, and to sleep with your horse is
the order of the day. I never slept better than in a warm
stable, amidst currycomb music and clouds of dust: there is
generally a small raised platform at one end of it, with a
chimney, and this is "the traveller's rest." Then for pro-
visions, bread, milk, and eggs are generally to be found; and
the muffrush," or wallet, ought to contain rice, coffee, su-
gar, and tobacco.-Monthly Magazine.
THE IRISH HOUSE OF COMMONS.-Jerome Duigenan, one
of the ancient Irish harpists, was much patronized by Colo-
nel Jones, one of the representatives for the county of Lei-
trim. According to Mr. Bunting, in his account of the old
music of Ireland, the latter was so piqued by the performance
of a Welsh harper that a bet of 100 guineas was made that
the Colonel could produce a sweeter finger," and that be-
longed to a man who "neither wore linen or woollen." The
anecdote furl her relates, that to settle this wager the Welch
and the Irish harpers were allowed a trial of skill in the Irish
House of Commons before business commenced, when Duige-
nan appeared in his full Cauthack dress, namely, a dress
of beaten rushes, with something like a caddy or plaid of the
same stuff, and a cap (the barrad of the old bards) shaped
like a sugar-loaf, with many tassels."
SCARLET FEvER.-Scarletina, an annual visitor at this sea-
son, has this year prevailed to a greater extent than usual;
scarcely a town in the kingdom but has felt its effects, though
some but slightly, yet in others it has been more severe than for
many preceding years. It has been almost entirely confined to
children. Nightshade has been strongly recommended by
the first physicians of Europe, and many others who have
tried and proved its good effects in all cases. Those who
have used this precaution have, though in the infected houses,
escaped the infection. The formula recommended is, a solu-
tion of two grains of the extract of nightshade in an ounce of
distilled water. To children of from one to ten years of age,
from one to live drops of this solution are given four times a
day; from ten years upwards, from six to ten drops are given
also four times in the 24 hours. In some instances this has
been continued for a fortnight.--Globe.
APPLICATION OF ATMOSPHERtIC PRESSURE TO AGRICULTURAL
PuRPOSES.-A number of ladies and distinguished personages,
amongst whom were the American Minister, Dr. Wilkinson,
Professor Graham, Mr. Jourdon, and other literary and
scientific men, paid a visit last week to the Collosseutm, to
inspect the model apparatus atnd experimental demonstration
constructed by Mr. Pinkus, for ir s i,...' Art,.,.h,-,4 pressure
to the purposes of agriculture, as welil &. ul.. '-ue for steam
in propelling carriages on railways. Should the principle
prove available in practice for either of these purposes, it will
render the present age the most remarkable in the annals of
mankind, and more especially so if it should prove available
for all the varied purposes of fiehl :,i iilv i .rr,(rr pld ,.] 1 t.,
the inventor. It is proposed to mnl.I., ,-,, i.,'.r, ',i,,e
worked by steam or even a water-wheel where available, to
work an air pump or pumps to rarefy the air in mainsor pipes
to be laid under ground, as is done for the transmission of
gas; in like manner as mains and pipes diverge in all direc-
tions from a centre, for the transmission of gas, so may they
he laid from a stationary engine working air pumps along the
headlands of every field, with valves at given distances, to
which valve a flexible air-tight pipe, composed of lealherand
caoutchouc, will coil round a drum of the machine, to which
ploughshares, spades, hoes, or any other implements may he
attached, as the case requires; this is a brief sketch of the
principle, and, as far as we have had an opportunity of reflect-
ing upon it, we see no insuperable obstacle to its practical
application to all the purposes contemplated by its author,
but we believe it has not as yet been put to the test in any
practical operation of agriculture; if succes-sful, it will prove
of inestimable value to our colonial proprietors, especially to
those who have already steam engines erected on their estates.
We believe a company is already formed for applying it to
railways, and if successful, it will add greatly to the agreea-
bleness of railway travelling, inasmuch as it will obviate the
annoyance resulting from the escape of steam, smoke, and
cinders.
A letter from Lisbon of the 12th inst. given by the Castel-
lane of Madrid, says:-" We had last night an attempt at
revolt-300 people having paraded the streets, crying out,
'Down with the Ministers! The Constitution of 1838 for-
ever !' They reached the arsenal, and forced the gates in
order to get at the arms, but a battalion of chasseurs came
up, and immediately dispersed the rioters. Several of the
ministers mounted their horses and rode through the streets,
directing the movements of the troops and police. Seven
persons have been arrested."
We are glad to see the following ordonnance (which ought
indeed to have been issued some days ago) in the official pa-
pers, and on the walls of the capital:-
"Considering that for several days past workmen of dif-
ferent branches, with the view of concerting the means of
modifying the regulations of labor, have assembled in bodies
more or less numerous, to the obstruction of the public tho-
roughfare, and the alarm of the inhabitants in the localities
where such assemblages were heldl, and that such a state of
things is attended with great inconvenience to public safety,
we have ordained as follows: Art. 1. The law of April 10,
1831 (1), against public assemblages (attroupemens) shall be
again published and posted up. Art. 2. The Sub-Prefectsof
the arrondissements of Sceaux and St. Denis, the Mayors of
the rural communes within the district of the Prefecture of
Police, the chief of the municipal police, and the commis
series of police, are charged, each and every of them, as far
as they are concerned, to take the necessary measures for the
dispersion according to law of any assemblages that may be
held. The Colonels of the municipal guard of the city of
Paris, and of the 1st legion of departmental gendarmerie, as
also the commanders of all other military bodies, are invited
to lend aid and assistance whenever they shall be legally
called upon to do so.
The Councillor ef State, Prefect of Police.
"G. DELESSERT."
The Observateur of Brussels gives the following account
of the Navy of Holland:-
The navy in commission is composed of 9 frigates, of
which 3 are used as guard-ships; 9 corvettes, 1 of which is
used as a naval-school; 12 brigs, 1 of which also is a naval-
school ; 25 gun-sloops, 4 armed steamers, 2 transports, and a
demonstration-ship attached to the naval institution of Me-
demblick. The vessels not in commission are 8 ships of the
line, of which 5 are finished, and 3 building ; 12 frigates, of
which 5 are finished, and 7 are building ; 9 corvettes, ofwhich
4 are finished, 2 are building, and 3 are employed as hospital
ships; 9 brigs, of which 4 are finished, and 5 are building ;
and 68 gun-sloops. The total, therefore, is 8 ships of the
line, 21 frigates, 15 corvettes, 21 brigs, and 95 gun-sloops.
The crews in active service amount to 5,000 men; the offi-
cers of the fleet are 472 in number. The number of marines
in the different ports is 383. The shipwrights anid others em-
ployed in building and fitting out, at Amsterdam, Willem-
sord, Rolterdam, Helvoetsluys, and Flushing amount to
2 098. The budget of the navy is 5,250,000 Dutch florins.
The Dutch have not one three-decker, and their largest ships
of the line are of 84 guns. The officers are composed of 3
vice-admirals, 7 rear-admirals, 23 full-captains, 40 lieutenant-
captains, 82 full-lieutenants, 172 lieutenants of the second
class, 79 midshipmen, and 66 surgeons."
Advises from Algiers, of 8th instant, state that the Arabs
made a bold attempt on the night of the 1st and morning of
the 2d, some of them having penetrated the Sahel, avoided
the French posts, and come up to the very gates of Algiers,
where, about one in the morning, they set fire to some ricks
of hay close to the gate of El Babazoun, and an immense
pile of building-wood kept there. The conflagration was
immediately perceived, and all the authorities and troops turn-
ed out. The ricks and wood were consumed. A large sta-
ble near the gate was also burnt, but 100 horses in it were
fortunately saved. The total damage was estimated at from
150,000ft. to 200,000fr. Soife of the native inhabitants of
the environs came to look on, but would not assist in putting
the fire out. A strong guard was posted next tday at the
spot ; but from that time no further accident had occurred.
Nothing was seen of the marauders who executed this at-
tempt.
MIsERIEs OF MANAGEMENT.-The father of the late Sir
Watkin Williams Wynn was a great patron of the arts, and
so fond of theatrical amusements that he built a theatre for
the diversion of himself and friends at Wynnstay, in North
Wales. On one occasion Austin, the actor, then manager
of the Chester Theatre, was requested by Sir Watkin to su-
perintend the getting up of a favorite comedy, which was to
be acted entirely by amateurs, most of whom were noblemen
and ladies of rank. A day was fixed for the performance,


and, as a matter of course, a rehearsal was called in the
morning. Sir Watkin and Austin were at their post mak-
ing the necessary preparations to give effect to the play.
When all was ready, Clear the stage," said Sir Watkin,
"and call Lord A." His lordship's gone out shooting,"
returned the servant. "Call Sir B. C. then." He's gone
fishing." Request Lady D. to come, then." Her lady-
ship ndl several others are just gone out for a drive." Who
the desifl," cried the knight, "would be a manager 1" I
am sure I would not," said Austin directly, if I had your
fortune."
The acknowledged inferiority of the Irish fisheries to the
Scotch and English is not to be ascribed to any undue pref-
erence shown to the latter, but to the difference in the means
and facilities with which they are severally conducted. The
Irish are far behind their competitors in the size and con-
struction of their boats, in the quality and supply of the re-
quisite gear and tackle, and in the skill and training of the
persons they employ. Their exertions are also, in many
places, cramped and restricted by absurd regulations and by-
laws amongst themselves. What wonder, then, if, with
these disadvantages, they fail of success?
But let these defects be remedied, andl Ireland may drive
all rivalry from her native seas.

BARRY & LEATH,
Attorneys and Counsellors at Law,
AND uENERAL COLLECTING AGENTS, TENSESSES.
V. D. Barry, Bolivar. J3. T. Leath, Memphis.
june 18s-wfimep


BRANCH MINT AT CHARLOTTE, (N. C.)

FROM THE CHARLOTTE (N. C.) JOURNAL.
Mr. HO.TON : A speech by Mr. Stanly, of this State, on
the Expenditures of this Mint, has, by the liberality of some
of my political opponents, been printed in a pamphlet form
at this place, this week, with a view to influence the ap-
proaching election.
To the slightest observer, it is apparent that the whole of
this speech is made with bad temper; I shall show that much
of it is composed of misrepresentation, and some of its state-
ments positively false.
It is an old saying, that Falsehood travels the rounds
while Truth is putting on his boots." But this answer was
unavoidably delayed, to procure some official information on
the subject.
The basis of the speech is founded on a document from
the Register of the Treasury, and vouchers filed in the
Treasury Department at Washington. The document is
truly quoted by Mr. Stanly, and is as follows-(Doc. 189,
25th Cong. 3d Sess.:)
"Annual expenses of the Branch Mint at Charlotte, N. C.
exclusive of the buildings, machinery, enclosing grounds, appa-
ratius, tools and fixtures, agreeably to the resolution of the House
of Representatives of the 4th February, 1840:
1837. Officers and clerks $10,466 66
Wastage of gold and contingent expenses 6,500 00
Compensation to laborers 1,500 00


1838. Officers and clerk -
Waitage of gold and contingent expenses -
Compensation to laborers -


$17,466 66
7,000 00
5,400 00
3,600 00
816,000 00


TREASURY DEPARTMENT,
Register's Office, February 6, 1839.
T. L. SMITH, Register."
The following correspondence between the Register and
myself (which are all the letters that ever passed on the sub-
ject) will materially explain this document, and do away
much of the impression and untrue inferences of Mr.
Stanly:
UNITED STATES BRANCH MINT,
Charlotte, N. C. July25, 1840.
SiR : In Doe. H. R. No. 189, 25th Cong. 3d Sess. a memoran-
dum appears, signed by you, dated July 6th, 1t39, agreeably to
the resolution of the House of Representatives of 4th February,
1839, in which you say, Annual Expense of the Branch Mint at
Charlotte.'
1837. Officers and clerk $10,466 66
1838. Same 7,000 00
The amount appropriated in 1837 and 1838, for their salaries,
was $6,000 for each year.
I received in 1837, upon various requisitions made by me, viz.
March 9 $500
June I 1,500o
September 30 1,500
December 30 1,5(.0
$- 5,000
In 1838-
March 7 -1,(000
April 4 1 - ,600
June 19 1,5600
September 2t 1,600
December 22 1,500
7,000
These two years' requisitions under this item, for 1837 and
1838, came to the exact sum appropriated by Congress for those
years. Will you be so good as to explain to me this fact, in your
memorandum of 6th February, 1839, as to annual expenses of
the year 1837 being $10,466 66, when there was not that sum
appropriated by Congress, nor one-half of it drawn by me?
My reason for troubling you will be very satisfactory, when I
state that the Opposition press and speakers are using this docu-
ment to the detriment of the Administration and to my personal
in jury.
This document was the basis of Mr. Stanly's statement in the
House of Representatives, that the officers and clerk received
more money in 183', h.i, .. the Mint was in operation but one
month of the year, 1,.11 ii. did for the whole ol 1838.'
This is not true. If the amount, as you state, was drawn in
1837, it was nit drawn by me, nor was it appropriated to the pay-
meret of 'salaries of officers and clerk of thie Branch Mint at
Charlotte.'
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient ser-
vant, JNO. H. WHEELER,
Superintendent.
To T. L. SMITH, Esq. Register of the Treasury, Washington."
TREASURY DEPARTMENT,
"Register's Office, July 31, 1840.
"SIR : Enclosed is a list* of the warrants drawn on the Trea-
sury of the United States and recorded in the books of this Office,
under the head of salaries, and of the officers and clerk of the
Branch Mint at Charlotte, during the years 1837 and 1838. The
warrant for $466 66 was issued in favor of Rebert M. Patterson,
on an account settled at the Treasury, for expenses incurred by
him for the Branch Mint at Charlotte. That for $5,000 was issued
on your letter of the 4th October, 1837, requesting that amount
'for the purpose of paying the incidental expenses of this Branch
Mint,' and was charged, as also the warrant in favor of Mr. Pat-
terson, to the appropriation of l15,000, under the act of3d March,
1835, entitled 'An act to establish Branch Mints of the United
Slates,' for the SALAnIES, wages, allowances, and incidental ex
penscs of said Branch Mints.
"I am respectfully, sir, your obedient servant,
"T. L SMITH.
"JOHN H. WHEELER, Esq."
It is here seen that in the year 1837, instead of ($10,466
66) ten thousand four hundred and sixty-six dollars and sixty-
six cents, there was spent actually less than half that sum,
and that the Director of the Mint spent at Philadelphia a
portion of it for this Mint, and the balance was appropriated
" to the incidental expenses of this Branch Mint." What
these incidental expenses were is shown in the vouchers;
and were for the transportation of heavy machinery and erec-
tion thereof, the hire of artisans to erect the melting furnaces,
the purchase of material, and other necessary expenses. But
Mr. Stanly's assertion is, that in 1837 there was paid for
salaries to officers and clerk $10,466 66. He knew that
this was not true, for he had before him the receipts of those
officers and clerk for that veryyear, in amount less than five
thousand dollars.
In regard to the item of" wastage of gold," much was said.
The assayer, melter, and refiner, have published a statement
which must satisfy the most captious and fault-finding. This
article I never saw until in the public prints. It shows the
fact, which I knew to be true, that there was no wastage of
gold in 1837, because there was no coinage; that the whole
wastage for 1838 and 1839 was very inconsiderable, and that
this matter is legally placed beyond my control; and as the
article states, any charge of unnecessary waste falls directly
upon the mnelter, refiner, and coiner."
But the chief burden of complaint is some trees purchased
with the Government funds. In decorating the grounds and
edifice, which was located in a barren oldfield, I thought that
I but faithfully discharged my duty. The building and
grounds cost the United Stales large sums of money. It
is visited as a part and parcel of the national property, by
not only our own citizens, but by Europeans of science and
character. I pity any man's heart who does not wish that his
nation, through her public institutions, should appear respect-
able and dignified. But the expenditure is made; no similar
is or will ever be necessary. If I erred, I hope that it is not
an unpardonable eiror, and in the idea of Burke, 1 trust
"something may be pardoned to the spirit of patriotism."
The speech quotes" a bill for paper, inkstands, and pen-
knives purchased for the use of the Mint."
These, in Mr. Stanly's opinion, are large items, for with
them he occupied the attention of the congregated wisdom of
the nation. Can the public correspondence and accounts be
kept without these essentials I There were three penknives
in the bill named, and they were given out to the three offi-
cers of the mint fur their respective desks. These large items
will be considered very little things by the reflecting portion
of the community; but they should recollect that Mr. Stanly
is a very little man, and Goldsmith has beautifully told us that
"These little things are great to little men."
Did this scrupulous little member of Congress refuse the
knife given to him and paid for by the United States I Has
he refused the various other perquisites, such as "satin post
gilt-edge paper," fancy sealingwax, books, &c., which Dr.
Petrikin, of Pennsylvania, asserted on the floor of Congress
last session exceeded in value the pay of a member ? If he
did receive these perquisites, what a consistent little jewel he
is! Brother, "cast the beam out of thine own eye."
But the speech further complains of some purchases for
fixtures and furniture, and states that it never was designed
by Congress to attach a dwelling house to the establishment,
and adduces the act of Congress of 1835 to prove the position.
Now I here take issue with the gentleman, and will show his
error. Not only the act of 1835, as quoted, establishing the
mint, was passed, but by the act of 1837 there were seven
thousand dollars specially appropriated for enclosing the
grounds of this Mint, for repairing a building on the lot, and
for outhouses." This was specifically appropriated on the
estimate that it was for the outhouses to be established to the
Superintendent's dwelling. See act of Congress of 1837,
page 55. Why did not Mr. Stanly quote also this latter
law? Why suppress a material part 1 Congress as much
intended one as the other to be the law. Then if Congress
did appropriate money for a dwelling and outhouses for the
Superintendent, certainly such furniture and fixtures as are
necessary and proper for the building was a proper and judi-
cious expenditure. The above amount expended, as shown
in the bills, does not exceed $500. It is public property, and
while in mny rare shall be safely preserved and faithfully trans-
mitted whenever the Government shall desire it. The arti-
cles which are in the house, and of private use and comfort,
are paid for by myself. If they are extravagant, neither Mr.
Stanly nor the Government has ever paid one cent for them,
although he untruly intimates otherwise. For, in a letter to
the Raleigh Register of the 2d of June last, he states that
even my table salt was paid for by the United States." It
is true that, in the accounts, there is salt paid for, but every
one acquainted with science knows that salt is an essential
ingredient in the separation of gold and silver, and is much
used by the melter and refiner for this purpose. It can satis-
factorily be proved that not one particle of salt ever charged
to the United States was evereven carried to myapartments,
much less used for my personal benefit. Had Mr. Stanly
looked at the account of the other minis, he would have seen
similar charges; and had he known of what he was talking,
or had he ever known me personally, he never would have
said that this salt was for my private benefit. I commend to
Tbis list is as set forth in the foregoingletter, with the excep-
tion of a warrant issued 1837, July 14, No. 6016, in favor of R. M.
Patterson, Philadelphia, 8466 66 ; October 11, 6770, in favor of
John H. Wheeler, $5,000.


him in future the remarks of Fielding, "that a man generally
talks better when he kn.,ws i' hat he is talking about."
Mr. Stanly is pleased to say: "but litle -kill is required
to conduct all the coinage done at Charlotte." Had he been
as careful to examine all the documents of the nation as he
is anxious to misrepresent some of them, he would have dis-
covered that this Branch of the Mint has already coined
more than three hundred thousand dollars, ($300,000,) all of
the produce of North Carolina, and that the annual expense
is less than $12,000. This Mint has already gone through
its probationary state in the heavy outfits incident to its es-
tablishment; the officers and men are all at their posts; the
machinery is in perfect order; and materials laid in for the
year in advance. It indisputably acts as a direct encourage-
ment to the mining interests of our State, pnd while it thus
tends to expand her resources, it adds to the amount of pre-
cious metals in the commercial world. But, if Mr. Stanly
wishes with a parricidal hand to destroy this the almost only
institution that shows that our native State belongs to the
Federal Family of the Union, 1 do not envy his feelings.
I do not comic lain of Mr. Stanly. As a member of Con-
gress he had a right diligently to inquire and true present-
ment make" of all public officers. As one of the grand in-
quest of the nation, he has presented his bill: it is for my
countrymen as jurors to say whether his charges are proved
or just. How far party malevolence or personal spleen has
led him, his own conscience must decide. I shall not cot -
descend to bandy the personal epithets which he has indulg-
ed in. I shall be content to place myself right in this hii.
I have tried to discharge my duty, andl I believe I have suc-
ceeded. I have no other claim to confidence or support, nor
have I any line of parentage to depend on for fame, fortune,
or character. To me, then, good name is "the immediate
jewel of the soul." This is my apology for presenting the
truth to the Public, and truth will always prevail : Its
greatest friend is time; its greatest enemy, prejudice; and
its constant companion, humility."
JOHN H. WHEELER.
U. S. BRANCh MINT, Charlotte, 13th Aug. 1840.

F I5HE AIR-TIGHT STOVE.-Known and warranted
to be superior to every other, in economy of iime andi e-
pense ; in ease of management; in comfort, convenience, safety,
neatness; in exemption from dust and smoke; and in the hibahhi-
ness, pleasantness, uniformity, and certainty of its temperature.
SOne kind for wood, and another for cosl; price 86 to 620 ; weight
30 to 60 pounds. It is new in structure, and still more new in
management; so that it MUST be made, set, and used, strictly by
the printed directions, or it sinks, more or less, towards the bar-
barism of other stoves. It has so fiar been brought into notice
and use almost wholly by the spontaneous efforts of leading citi-
zens, chiefly professional, and no case is known of their turning
back or repenting. For students and invalids it is without a ri-
val. Colleges, &.e by early application, may obtain terms highly
and permanently favorable for all connected with them.
Made and sold by Cushing& Mack, Lowell, Massichusetts, (five
or six hundreddollars worth last winter, and six hundred and fifty
dollars worth in seven weeks, at Nashville, Tennessee ;) by Whit-
ney & Cluett, Albany, N. Y.; L. V. Badger, New York city; S.
B. Sexton & Co. 40 Lig'ht street, Baltimore, Md. ; G. Hill and
H. W. Edwards, Georgetown, D). C.; D. & C. R. Weller, Rich-
mond, Va.; and by others, but not in these places. Purchasers
will of course be on their guard. For models or specimens, send
to Baltimore, Albany, or Lowell.
For information, rights, agencies, &c. apply (postage paid) to
E C. Tracy, Windsor, Vt.; R. 3. Meigs, Nashville, Tenn.; or to
I. Orr, Georgetown, D. C. each of whom has unlimited power on
the subject, and who should be notified forthwith, if the demand
for the stove any where is not well and promptly supplied by the
makers.
1:1 R. J. Meigs, Esq. Nashville, Tennessee, says of this
stove : Its performance is allt that can be wished in a stove. I
think it scarcely possible to excel it, either in the agreeable tem-
perature of the air which it produces, cr in the economy and neat-
ness with which the effect is produced. In short, I am charmed
with it, and will i'ever be without it." After using it a year, lie
says: "Its merits surpass, in my opinion, all that can be said of
it." Rev. J. N. Campbell, D. I). Albany, New York, says: I
find it to answer your description, and to exceed my expectations
in every particular. I am entirely satisfied that it is in all re-
spects superior to any other stove in use." Again hlie says, (April
1, 1840,) I have used the Air-tight Stove for the last 6 months,
in my study, equal, in its dimensions, to a room 14 feet square
and 10 feet high. I have burned, in that time, about two-thirds
of one cord ot wood. Ir is perfectly safe and neat. It equlizes
the temperature almost perfectly, and enables the user to regulate
the degree of it at pleasure. It fully equals, in my opinion, all
that the inventor says of it." J. T. Rice, Esq. of Albany, says :
I have had one in use about 4 months, (last winter,) in a room
of the dimensions of eleven feet by twelve, of ordinary height,
and during that time have kept fire day end night, with an
abundance of heat, with less than a half cord of (dry hickory)
wood. I consider it by far the greatest improvement in stoves!
for heating a room,of any that I have ever been acquainted with.'
Two business men in Albany used each a cord of maple wood in
their counting-rooms last winter, and they say: The equality of
heat is astonishing-a summer-like heat throughout the room.
It has nearly quit its cost, and, from the comfort received from it,
[wej could not be induced to part with it." Dr. S. Kidder,
Charlestown, Mass. says : "I have had this stove in use about 7
years, have found it fully to answer the description of the inven-
tot, and, with proper attention to the doorand damper, I will ven-
ture to say it will be found the most comfortable, convenient, and
economical stove of any in use." (J. Salter, M. D). of Boston,
supplied his stove with iuel, last winter, only twice a week.) Rev.
E. C. Tracy, Editor of the Vermont Chronicle, says : Its per-
feet safety at all times, the saving of fuel, the little attention that
it requires, the uniform and equable temperature that it keeps up
in all parts of the room, [the thermometer in the back part of a
lirse open room keeping within half a degree of the samne point
iir i, or 12 hours together,] the summer-like atmosphere that it
gives you in the severest winter day, are excellencies that render
it literally incomparable." Rev. H. Curtiss, Brandon, Vt. says :
"I should be unwilling to dispense with it for any consideration.
I have found it an excellent article for a sick room, producing a
mild and equable temperature, night and day. I am confident
that no convenience heretofore possessed can compare wilh this
in cases of pulmonary affection as a substitute for removal to a
Southern climate during our severe winterseasons." The inven-
tor says : The Air-tight Stove was invented in curing a very
dangerous pulmonary attack ; and, in two or three such attacks,
I have found it more effectual than every thing else by its allaying
the cough, (by means of its uniformly soft and moist atmosphere,)
removing it entirely in a few days, and absolutely putting all
coughs and colds at defiance, more even than the best summer
weather, and without its weakening effects. I would not have
gone ten miles to the climate of Italy." nov 6-wif
L OUDOUN & FAIRFAX LAND iFOR SALE.
I will sell, upon accommodating terms, my Tract of Land in
Loudoun county, Va. lying near Goose creek, 9 miles from Lees-
burg and 35 from the District of Columbia, and containing about
600 acres. This Farm, having been in the hands of tenants for
some years, is in a tolerable state of cultivation only; the soil is
mostly of the red cast, easily improved, and well adapted to the
growth of clover and grass. It is well watered, the timber ample
for its supply, and the buildings comfortable.
I have a tract, also, of about 400 acres in Fairfax county, ad-
joining Mount Vernon, in an unimproved state, which will be sold
upon very reasonable terms. On this tract are two or three tene-
ments. The land is highly improvable, and has great advantages
of situation in respect to the markets of the District.
Any person desirous of buying lands in eitherof these counties
might do well to examine the farms above. For further particu-
lars, refer to Algernon S. Tebbs, Esq. of Leesburg, or to the suh-
scriber.
sept26-eo8wcp JULIA A. WILSON.
G LEN ASILE FOR SALE OR RENT.-This
Farm contains 100 acres, the greatest part of which is mnea-
dow. It is well wooded, and has several springs of excellent wa-
ter. The Dwelling is spacious and in good order; the grounds
around highly improved. There is also a good garden, with fino
fruit, and every convenience about the premises.
This Farm is located in Fairfax county, on the middle turnpike
leading from Alexandria to Leesburg, near the Falls' Church, 9
miles from Alexandria, 9 from Washington, a~nd 7 from George-
town, and is remarkably healthy. Any onoe wishing to purchase
will please to call and view the place.
For terms apply to the subscriber. J. C. GENERES.
N. B. Terms will be made easy to the purchaser.
oct 7-2aw6w
-4O0 DOLLARS REWARD.-Ran away from the
Vix ff subscriber's residence, about 4 miles from Bryantown,
Charles county, Maryland, on Thursday morning, the t1th June,
my negro man CHARLES, calls himself Ciarles Dyson, about
23 years old, 5 feet 6 or 7 inches high ; a bright mulatto, and has
ascar on the right or left side of his lower jaw bone, occasioned
aevetal years ago by a burn. The above reward will be paid i{
taken in a non-slaveholding State, and 100 dollars if take within
a slaveholding State, or the District of Columbia.
oct l6-2awcptf 3. ED. KEECH.
KIN-DRESSER AND GLOVYiR, High Street,
between d and 3d, Georgetown.-The subscriber
takes this method of tendering his sincere and grateful acknow-
ledgments to his patrons here and elsewhere for the very liberal
patronage which they have extended to him since his appearance
in this place, and hopes, by an unremitting attention on his part,
to merit a continuance of the same.
He is happy to inform them that he is now prepared to accom-
modate them with every article in his line, such as Buckskins of
every size, quality, and color.
He hbs also on hand a fine assortment of substantial Buckskin
Gloves, lined and unlined; also, lined Fur Gloves; all of which
he will dispose of, wholesale or retail, on accommodating terms.
Also, a good supply of clean Deer Hair, for saddler's use.
N. B. Alt orders from a distance gratefully received, and
promptly attended to.


nr He will make to order Buckskin Shirts and Drawers, or
any article in his line, in the neatest possible manner, and of the
best material. JACOB RAMSBURG,
nov 4-eol2t Georgetown.
V ENITIAN BLINDS made and repaired, on Pennsyl-
vania avenue, afew doors east of the City Post Office, and
between llthand 12th streets.
WILLIAM NOELL, Venitian Blind Maker, respectfully in
forms the Public that ho is ready to execute, at the shortest no-
tice, and on the most reasonable terms, all work in his line of
business.
ji Work made up to order, in all shapes and colors, suitable
for offices, halls, hotels, and dwellings, for cash or city accept-
ances. nov 11-eotDeel
D DENTISTS AND JEWELLERS' FILES.-We
3 have just received by the ship Katherine Jackson from
Liverpool a large assortmentof Dentists and Jewellers' Files.
Have also on hand a general assortment of larger flies of the
most approved manufacture.
Our assortmentof hardware generally is also very complete.
CAMPBELL & COYLE,
nov 4-eo6tif Opposite Brown's Hotel.

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