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WASHINGTON: SATURDAY, JUNE
GALES & SEATON.
TWICE A WEEK, AT SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
FRIDAY, JUNE 21; 1839.
THE LATEST ELECTION.
We mentioned in our last the gratification
with which we had received the information of
the re-election of THADDEUS STEVENS to the
seat in the Lagislature of Pennsylvania, of
which he had been arbitrarily divested by the
Locofoco majority in the House of Representa-
tives of that State.
We have since met with the Address of Mr.
STEVENS to the-People of his county upon the
occasion of his triumphant re-election; from
which we learn that he declines being a candi-
date for election to the next Legislature. We
have pleasure in transferring this Address to our
columns. Mr. STEVENS is nothing to us, and
we are nothing to him. Among those who
know him better than we do, he has, we ob-
serve, many warm friends, and so many bit-
ter enemies, that we have no doubt of his being
a map of dreaded abilities as well as of strongly
marked character. Hi takzats might perhaps be
sometimes put to a more advantageous use than
they are: we incline to think that such is the case
in reference to National politics at this time.
But that consideration has nothing to do with
the case of Mr. STEVENS in the contest in which
he has been lately a party. In his person the
rights of the PEOPLE have been outraged. He
has manfully sustained those rights, and the
People have nobly sustained him, as we hope
they ever will any man whom it is attempted to
beat down either by the terror of a mob or by the
tyranny of a faction in power. In his present
position we cordially sympathise with Mr. STE-
VENS; and our feelings are entirely in unison
with the tone of his spirited Address, which we
hereto subjoin. We think, with him, that the
NATION owes to the People of Adams county a
debt of gratitude; believing, as we do, with
him, that the attack on constitutional freedom,
which they have just repelled, was but the com-
mencement Qf a system of mob-law, which, if
not resisted at the threshold, would in time
have extended itself over the whole Union.
MR. STEVENS'S ADDRESS.
TO THE FREEMEN OF ADAMS COUNTY.
PFLLOW-CITIZENS: Yesterday you covered yourselves
with distinguished honor. You have nobly sustained, not
your own cause only, but the cause of Liberty. You have
vindicated the Constitution and the Laws, and signally re-
buked the tyrants *to were trampling them in the dust.
The inclemency of the weather could not deter you from
doing your duty. The Nation owes you its gratitude; for
the attack Y. C d 'faae -L mvo whi liaivh
just repelled, was but an experiment of deliberate treason,
to be extended over the Union if it had been successful
Perhaps I shall find no more fit occasion than this to
announce to you my determination not to be a candidate
for the Legislature at the next election.
I cannot sever my official connexion with you without
feelings of regret. The important legislative measures in
which it has been my lot to participate, have naturally cre-
ated considerable diversity of opinion among the most in-
telligent men. The rapid and complete transition of the
State from utter destitution of Free Schools and Collegiate
and Academic endowments, to the most liberal provision
for each, could not tail to startle many, as the blind sud-
denly restored to sight are shocked by the influx of light.
The retention in Pennsylvania of the capital of the Bank
of the United States grated harshly on the honest prejudi-
ces of some, although it furnished us the means of paying
the interest of the State debt, continuing our public im-
provements, and established Philadelphia as the financial
emporium of the Nation.
These, and other important measures in which I was
supposed to have taken an active part, have brought against
me fierce political hostility, which has been sustained by
unscrupulous calumny, and sometimes degenerated into
personal hatred. Amidst all the assaults which unprinci-
pled party leaders have deemed necessary for my overthrow,
you have given me your sustaining confidence and most
generous support. While I feel conscious that I have en-
deavored faithfully to promote your true and permanent
interests, without much regard to my own, I am sensible
that my power to do good has not been equal to my
wishes. My only regret is, that I have not been able to
render myself more worthy of such constituents, and more
useful to the State. I speak not of any local benefits which
I have sought to procure for Adams county. It is hardly
worth while to bestow much care upon them, while it is
yet doubtful whether we have a country so governed as to
make it a fit inheritance for posterity.
With lively feelings of gratitude, I relinquish official, to
resume my professional employment.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
GETTYSBURG, JUNE 15, 1839.
We presume we could, in the present dearth
of very interesting news from any quarter,
furnish our readers, at least those in the Dis-
trict of Columbia and Maryland and circumja-
cent parts, with nothing more interesting than
the Annual Report, on the fourth page,
which was made by the Hon. GEORGE C. WASH-
INGTON, late Presiddnt of the Company, to the
Stockholders of the Chesapeake and Ohio Ca-
nal Company, at their annual meeting on the
first Monday of this month.
A letter from Mr. THOMAS H. DANIEL, in the Peters-
burg (Va.) Intelligencer, gives an account of a most de-
structive hail storm which passed over the southwestern
part of Prince George and a portion of Sussex county, on
Friday evening last. It seems the crops of corn and wheat
within its range were entirely destroyed. Mr. D. says:
This evening I saw in Mr. Gee's lane large quantities
In our last number we informed our readers
that we should suspend the publication of our
paper one, week, in order to try' to make col-
elections. We did try; and after travelling
sixty miles, how much, kind patrons, do you
suppose we raised? Not the first- cent.
The consequence is, that we are compelled
to publish our paper this week on a half sheet,
as we have no money to send to town for
Such is the "o'er true tale" of a Western
publisher, apologizing to his readers for being
obliged to cut down his weekly sheet to one-
half of its proper dimensions. The simple story
of this Editor is only illustrative of the general
history and state of newspaper publication all
over the United States. A large proportion of
the newspapers, in fact, merely drag on from
day to day a lingering, laborious, and painful
existence, which most of them would long ago
have voluntarily resigned but for the mixed mo-
tive of pride and duty which induces them to
cling to existence, not as long as it is endurable
merely, but as long as it is possible.
For this sickly condition of the newspaper
press the publishers of newspapers are them.-
selves snnwowhat to blame. Of a1 t-k--rr4 of
life, theirs is that whose professors have perhaps
less of the esprit de corps than any other. They
too often suffer themselves to be imposed
upon by their customers ; and, in truth, the rival-
ry is such among themselves, that they are half
afraid to insist on the same justice which every
body else exacts from them, lest they should
lose their patrons by enforcing their rights.
Thus it happens, that whilst there are very few
publishers of newspapers who would not feel
themselves entirely at ease, in body and mind,
if they could realize within a fourth of the whole
amount due upon their books, there are almost
as few who a're not, at the clqse of the year,
(and, indeed, at the close of every week in the
year,) sorely puzzled how to make both ends
meet. To this observation there Vt~ero.rse,
many exceptions, but not s6 many as to invalid
date the general truth of it.
The only remedy for this evil that we know
of is for publishers, whilst they exert themselves
more and more to make their sheets acceptable
to their customers, to look more closely and
warily to their own interests; to perform less
gratuitous labor, and to insist upon more prompt
payment of what they justly earn. To this
course we would earnestly advise them ; and we
do so the more disinterestedly because we be-
lieve that we have ourselves as little to complain
of in this respect as any publishers in the coun-
try, though probably we should have even still
less if we Were more rigorous in our require-
ments, especially in regard to the terms upon
wlhi.h we publish all sorts of advertisements
and public notices.
We were set to thinking of this matter by
finding in all the Baltimore city papers of yes-
terday the subjoined notice of an agreement en-
tered into between the publishers of that city for
their mutual protection; which we copy, as well
for the information of readers generally, as for
the particular information of publishers who re-
ceive this paper in different parts of the country.
These rules are substantially those which have
been long established in the Northern cities,
and with some variation (such as an exception
in favor of notices of Fire Companies) would
be as applicable here, and every where else, as
The amount of gratuitous labor performed by publish-
ers of newspapers in Baltimore has reached an aggregate
which renders it extremely oppressive; and as they are
aware of no sound reason why they should form a stand-
ing exception to the rule recognized and practised i re-
gard to every other calling, that the laborer is wor-
thy of his hire," they have adopted the following rates of
charge, to take effect from this date ; with the distinct un-
derstanding that no publication of the kind referred to
will be inserted, in any instance, unless accompanied by
Notices for meetings of Literary, Military, Fire, or any
other Associations, or for the holding of Fairs, to be paid
for as follows: For one insertion of any such notice, not
exceeding one square of sixteen lines of minion type, 50
cents; for two insertions, 75 cents; for three or four in-
sertions, $1; and at the rate of 25 cents for each subsequent
The proceedings of any'such Association to be paid for
at the same rates as above specified.
Nominations of candidates for the City Council, or other
public offices, if not occupying morethan five lines, 25 cents
for each insertion.
Marriage notices 25 cents each. Cards of thanks, &c.
at the rate of 25 cents for a single insertion of five lines.
Notices of deaths, if accompanied with an invitation to
funeral, and not exceeding five lines in length, 25 cents.
When an obituary occupies one or more squares, it is to be
paid for at the rate of 50 cents per square of sixteen lines.
Communications, the effect of which is to promote pri-
vate interests, to be paid for at the rate of 50 cents per
square for a single insertion.
El In every case the cash is to be paid when thepublica-
tion is left for insertion, for which a receipt will be given
when required. The loss of time and money which has
attended the attempted collection of many accounts open-
ed for such publications, renders this course indispensable,
and the undersigned will adhere to it, without any excep-
BALTIMORE, JUNE 19, 1839.
DOBBIN, MURPHY, & BOSE,
Puhli.sh esr. nf the A mnpeiran
NEW YORK, JUNE :.
Our Board of Aldermen last night appropriat-
ed $2,000 to receive the President when he
visits New York. The Board of Assistant Al-
dermen, however, left the sum blank. Some
people think that a Custom-house so rich as ours
might afford to pay the bills of their own Presi-
dent's reception, without a tax upon the Public.
It is now ascertained that the Croton Water
Works for this city will not be completed till
1843-no contractor being willing, before;that
time, to undertake the completion of thelhigh
bridge over Harlem river. This postpone, for
a long period, ihe desirable day when the, wa-
ters of the Croton shall run into the streets of
The late fall in the price of Flour is having a
serious effect upon some of the flour dealers in
this city, as well as upon the millers of the West.
Two failures of some importance have occurred
here, and there are some apprehensions as to
the millers in the western i--*- -c--- : *
Therp b-a--- l oa good deal of cross paper
.wA(t-that is, accommodation paper, which
the millers, for their own accommodation, have
drawn upon the merchants, attempting to meet
their own drafts in return. The fall in the price
of flour has been large, beyond that of any cal-
culation, and the consequence is great losses
by the large holders.
A pressure in the money market begins to be
felt. Stocks continue to go down. Vicksburg
Bank to-day stands at 47.
Accounts from Michigan represent that the
Commissioners appointed by the State of Michi-
gan to effect an arrangement with the State Bank
of Michigan to secure between $400,000 and
$500,000 due the State, have entirely failed in
their efforts. An injunction is therefore ordered,
and the consequences will be, it is said, to render
the institution insolvent, so that the bill-holders
will be the principal sufferers. This banl-" was
. Van Buren political bank, I am tol "
the ,t .bank of the Government,
Letter -im China- '
the opiui '*
sale of bills-'
lars is now a,
The Boston Journal h` i' ; 7
of a mob, almost, which werb, tollt.cted in i"le
city of Boston on Friday evening, on the occa-
sion of popular disapprobation of the enforce-
ment of an act of the Legislature for suppressing
entirely the retailing of spirituous liquors, in
passing which we fear that the friends of the
Temperance cause have suffered their zeal to
run ahead of their discretion :
The scenes which occurred on Friday evening in this
city-'lsthouogh no actual violence was committed-were
by no means calculated to conduce o the honor or credit
of Bostonians. A mob had gathered in one of our prin-
cipal streets, whose avowed object was to rescue an offend-
er from the hands of justice. Disappointed in this, they
refused to disperse, but avowed their intention to commit
outrage' -rthe persons and proQerLtv of Lceati ur CI:
"This yas noisy, disorderly, turbulent-and was
restrain -,. ttingr acts of violence only by the pre-
sence off "'marshals, and the constant and ac-
tive interp .ur police officers. The collection of
a mob is dis, 1 to any community; it is a reproach
upon the mor a people, and is doubly disgraceful in
this land of' -rir where it is the proud boast of the
inhabitants: .. .always prevails; that persons
and property ", and the laws are conceived
in wisdom, an tuous population."
MYST "* EARANCE.
'IMORE, JUNE 19.
No little speculs sequencee of the
unexpected, an' appearancene of
Mr. SAMUEL, A. rirk and fin:n-
cial agent of M, 'at cattle dealer
of Virginia. arday evening,
the 8th instan ose of attend-
ing to some n .,, employer. Af-
ter transactin u Ii-, 11 at the Astor
House up t day aftero.. 'stant, and was
ewark, N. ing, where Mr.
S. a lot of cattle; b 'at time up to the
present he has not been seen nor .' The fact of his
absence we believe became known ere on Monday, for
the first time, in consequence of the don-payment of two
or three acceptance due on that day by his employer--a
matter which had always heretofore been punctually at-
tended to by Mr. M. Mr. Stee.,berger, however, reached
this city yesterday morning, and promptly paid the accept-
ances in question-the whole anountin. to about $20,000.
Reports hive been in circulation that Mr. Miller went off
in the Great Western, which left New York on Thursday
last, but those who are the best informed hold the story to
be utterly untrue. It is well known that when Mr. M.
left this for the Eastward, he had entrusted to him consid-
erable sums of money, which were duly delivered in Phil-
adelphia and New York to the parties for whom they were
intended; and it also appears that large sums have been
left untouched which were entirely at his disposal. Mr.
M. although scarcely turned of twenty, was remarkable
for his intelligence and great business tact, and has always
conducted the very large transactions confided to him with
perfect satisfaction to all concerned. What has become of
him is a matter yet involved in impenetrable mystery.-
The New Orleans Bee copies the following tribute to
the gallantry and public spirit of an estimable gentleman
from the Houston Intelligen 'er :
"After a long and devotional servitude to the country
of his adoption, and we believe without a single feeling of
enmity or prejudice from any individual of any party, the
Hon. M. HUNT has returned to the United States on a
visit to his friends, and to attend to his private affairs, which
alone induced his resignation of the highly distinguished
station he recently so ably occupied.
We first find the name of General HUNT among the
most ardent and efficient friends of Texas, in the generous
S!ate of Mississippi, who, in the darkest hour of her ad-
versity, offered their arms and purses to aid and sustain
her holy cause. He was next appointed Major General
nf the Armv- hen seiit as her first Minister Pleninoten-
TO THE EDITORS.
JEFFERSON COLLEGE, NEW ATHENS,
HARRISON Co. OHIO, JUNE 13, 1839.
Messrs. GALES & SEATON: When I look back over the
last fifty-seven years, I can scarce credit the evidence of
my own senses, or admit the testimony of my own expe-
rience. Here am I, now, sitting in a spacious room of one
of the edifices of a respectable classical institution, within
a few miles of where I have roamed in an unbroken forest.
Now from the window of my writing room appears all the
luxuriance of rural life in its richest garb. Who would
have dared the prediction, when the successful termination
of the American Revolution secured existence to the
United States, that cities of no very limited population, and
seminaries of learning, would rise, in less than sixty years,
westward of Ohio' None. And yet, an air-line from
New Athens to the Atlantic coast, of a few miles more
than three hundred, is only about one-third the distance
towards the heart of the Great Central Valley, where
schools, colleges, and churches innumerable, have come
One of the primary objects I have had in view when form-
ing and forwarding to the National Intelligencer these
sketches is to bring before your readers views of a country
whiah it is no slight exertion of mind to scan, and a coun-
try which swells in importance the more it is examined in
deta-- A oumut w;--at '--- ----.
bart, Irrn-e present instance, I shall limit my observations
to two features, large in themselves, though of small di-
mensions when engrouped in the complete contour of the
Ohio Valley. These are, the two ridges, one of which is
about one hundred miles in length, from the valley-of Bea-
ver river to near the mouth of the Muskingum, and the
other about two hundred miles in length, stretching be-
tween the mouths of the Great Miami and Wabash rivers.
These ridges illustrate a remark I have made in a former
communication, that the features of Nature are often con-
cealed in their vastness. Both ridges range at very near
the opposing general course of the Ohio river, and they
strongly support the theory that the mountain structure
prevails in the Ohio Valley far within where prominent
ridges exist which have been regarded as mountains. I
must here repeat another remark-that is, that the Alle-
gheny river is the real continuation of the Ohio ascending,
and tb.t the Monongahela is only the secondary constitu,
en./. Whoever examines carefully the courses of the Alle-
g eny will perceive the remarkable conformity of those
&ourse to a range with, or at right angles to, the Appala-
chian structure. Such is the case until its junction with
the Minongahela at the city of Pittsburg, where the united
volumes, thenceforth known as the Ohio, are turned north-
westwqrd abo ,tirt miles by a real mountain ridge,
wl J,'- the river reassumes its parallelism to
: s and pursues that general parallel-
:, iles, to the influx of the Big Sandy.
"Is pail attention to the Appalachian system
e observed that in Western Virginia, Eastern
<"'icly, and in Tennessee, Northern Georgia, and Ala-
ea entire chains of the system deflect more westerly;
connecting this fact in the natural history of the moun-
'ains with that of Ohio, the conclusion forces itself on the
mind that, similar to what is At very obvious in regard to-
the De llt-, Suaquehanna, and Potomac, t inflections
of the Western river o'bey'-rTaw common to those of the
Atlantic slope. Below the mouth of Big Sandy the Ohio
turns to a NW. by W. course, almost exactly at right an-
gles to that part of the mountain system in Central Vir-
ginia, and continues that course about one hundred and
fifty miles, to the entrance of Great Miami. At the latter
point, in due obedience to the law of its structure, the vale
of Ohio, hence to its influx into the Mississippi, in a mean
distance of three hundred miles, conforms to the inflections
-th'-A-pptlachian. system in Southwestern Virginia and
Tennessee. Further, when the courses of the Great Ken-
hawa and Tennessee, with their intermediate streams, are
examined in conjunction with th.l ----, i '-roPtnPsP
of remark is completely corroborated. On the opposing or
western side or the romo Valley, the Muskingum, Scioto,
Miami, and Wabash, though not so much so as those on
the east, prove, however, that a general principle prevails
over the whole physiognomy of the Ohio Valley. But to
return to the particular subjects of this paper-the ridges
which have been designated.
First, the higher one between Beaver and Muskingum
rivers. On a former occasion I have remarked that the val-
ley, or rather the immediate channel-way of the Ohio has
been evidently scooped out of the more ancient parabolic sur-
face. That this was the course of Nature in the modification
ofthe.whole region on both sides of the river is shown in the
fact that the largest creeks which drain the intermediate
ridge flow from, and not towards Ohio, and have their re.
cipient in the Tuscarawas or eastern constituent of Mus-
kingu:n. The slope towards Ohio has a mean breadth of
only about twenty miles, and down which flow the brief
streams of Little Muskingum, Sun-fish, Captina, McMa-
hon's creek, West Wheeling, Short creek, West Cross
dreek, and Big and Little Yellow creeks. The western or
Muskingum slope, with double breadth, is traversed and
drained by the much larger streams of Wills' creek, Still-
water, One-leg, and Sandy creeks.
The surface of the space between the Ohio and Muskin-
gum rivers is extremely broken. The hills, conical at their
base, but gently rounded towards their summits, rise as the
remains of primitive slopes. The general slope is abrupt to-
wards the Ohio, but much more gradually declines to-
wards Muskingurn and Tuscarawas rivers. The soil, al-
most invariably fertile, and, in its natural state, covered
with a dense forest, now presents the most luxuriant crops
of grass and grain, whilst it may be doubted whether a
single really level farm could be found on the whole area
between the two bounding rivers-an area exceeding five
thousand square miles, having a remarkable resemblance
in form and superficies, and also in bearing, with New
There is one circumstance in the natural history of this
region which deserves particular notice-that is, the exist-
ence of two or more strata of coal, with 80 or 100 feet of
clay and rock intervening. The court-house and some
other buildings in Cadiz rest on a bed of this bituminous
mineral, whilst the people are supplied in part from anoth-
er stratum far below the depth of many of their wells, but
actually under the town. This fact of two strata of coal is
one very remarkable distinction of the .mineralogy of the
west side of the Ohio from that of the eastern. In the latter
region mineral coal lies, with very partial exceptions, in one
If the space already noticed is remarkable for having its
general slope from the Ohio, the ridge below the Miami is
still more strongly marked in that respect. For a distance of
twohundred miles in a directline, and by its meanders at least
three hundred miles, the Ohio receives from the left side
but one confluent, Blue river, of forty miles general course,
fine sub-valley of the Wabash. As is the case with Muis-
kingum, on a smaller scale, the Wabash is the common re-
cipient of the streams draining the space between the Ohio
hills, below the efflux of Miami, to within a few miles of
Lake Michigan. Such arrangement of its confluent.riv-
ers is one of the natural causes which effect so much to fa-
cilitate the navigation of the Ohio Valley.
As regards the deep channel of the Ohio itself, there are'
many features which, from their bold and prominent ap-
pearance, are calculated to deceive the voyager along the
river. Opposite to the peninsula, between its channel and
that of the Monongahela, the Ohio scenery is more tugged
and precipitous on the eastern side, but that character is re-
versed below the influx of the Mu-kingum, and thence,
descending far below the outlet of the Wabash, the right
bank of the Ohio presents a series of rocky precipices,
which have a tendency to impress upon the voyager the
idea that he is borne along the feet of mountain ridges.
Ascending the western confluents of the Ohio, however,
the illusion created by appearances from its surface van-
ishes, and the real structure of the valley is gradually re-
vealed. The fact is then unfolded that the Ohio flows
along a deep channel, cut, as we may say, by its water and
ice, into an original curved superficies, and that its now
bold and rocky banks are nothing more than the butareasse
of the immense slopes which rise from and spread away 1n
bsothlo wih uescept of the
t, FBerprove the reverse, a traveller leaving the elTessively
hilly margin of the Ohio, and finding himself imperceptibly
brought to the plains of the States of Ohio, Indiana, and
Illinois, would inevitably conclude he had descended in
place of having ascended to a higher level.
THE STEAMBOAT LAW.
FROM THE NEW YORK AMERICAN.
THE STEAMBOAT LA w, which all parties almost were
anxious to obtain from Congress-so great and so reckless
had been the destruction of human life through want of
caution, or the insecure and inadequate equipment of
steamboats-seems now to be losing favor.
Very possibly its provisions may not be quite as conve-
nient as the owners and navigators of steamboats would
desire, still, if they are capable of being executed without
serious detriment to steam navigation, inconvenience or
reduced speed should' not be permitted to weigh against
the positive injunctions of the law, and the greater safety
In the latest trial, of which a report is annexed, it was
not pretended that chains and rods could not be used in
steering a steamboat-but that, if used, the speed of the
boat must be diminished to about six miles an hour. This
was the testimony of practical men-yet it must be taken,
we apprehend, with grains of allowance. In short reaches,
and where it is important the boat should answer her helm
instantly, it may be that chains would-be less available
than ropes; and then, indeed, speed must be diminished
in order to gain time; but that on long lines, like the navi-
gation of the Sound, a boat with rods and chiiar. must ne-
cessarily goIlower than one with adi rai- ropes, seems not
very intell-gi H-~6iver that may be, the decision of
thi-jury appears to us unimpeachable.
UNITED STATES CIRCUIT COURT, JUNE 13.
JUDGE BETTS presiding.
The United States vs. Woolsey.-This was an action
against the defendant, as master of steamboat Providence,
to recover a penalty of $300 for navigating that vessel with
tiller or wheel ropes instead of iron rods or chains.
The case was proved on the part of the United States.
For the defence, the Captain, Bunker, and others, testifi-
ed that it would not be practicable, with due regard to the
safety of the Providence and the lives of her passengers,
to navigate her through Hell Gate and the Sound with a
tiller alone, or exclusively by rods, or by chains exclusive-
reduced a speed as about six miles an hour.
On this evidence, Prescott Hall, counsel for the defence.
rn,'!e a most able argument, in which, among other posi-
tions, he maintained that if the law of Congress, under
which this penalty was sought for, was to be strictly carri-
ed into effect, it would so operate as to render the immense
advantages which steam navigation possessed over sail
boats almost useless to the community. And that a law
which had so pernicious an effect on the interests of the
Public must be clearly unconstitutional, and should not
be carried into operation by courts or juries.
The Court charged the Jury.
The case which they had to pass upon was equally no-
vel and important. It was a question which deeply affect-
ed the interest and convenience of the merchant and the
man of business, the navigator and traveller, and in one
Way or other almost every member of the community.
The question was also important, because it was alleged
that the law is so framed that its provisions are impractica-
ble, and that the Court must, for that reason, p-ronounce
it inoperative and void.
Every one must recollect the anxiety expressed both by
Congress and the Public for some additional security for
human life on board steamboats, and a commission was
established to inquire into the matter.
The object of Congress was to provide additional safe-
guards for passengers and merchandise. Hence all steam-
boats and vessels were to be enrolled anew, their hulls
were to be inspected, their boilers scrutinized Iy compe-
tent men; and in all these things something was taken
from individual right and power for the general good.
Hence Congress prescribed that iron rods or chains should
be employed where ropes were before that time used, and
hernce is the use of ropes entirely interdicted. The act
does not require rods alone, or chains alone, but permits the
use of iron rods and chains united, in order to accomplish
the end in view.
It is said that the act applies to the sea and lakes alone,
and the opinion of a courtof high standing and great learn-
ing is invoked to support this construction. This opinion
I cannot adopt, though I have had no opportunity to ex-
amine it with care. In my judgment, all boats having
wheels are compelled to throw by ropes, and use chains in
their stead. The language is applicable to all vessels pro-
pelled by steam; it is general, and must have a large ap-
plication, so as to cover all boats subject to be inspected.
The great and only question of fact to be determined is,
has it been proved that it is impossible to navigate vessels
propelled by steam, except by the use of tiller or wheel
ropes. If that'fact has been proved to you, then the act
of Congress is void and inoperative.
It cannot be supposed that Congress intended to prevent
steam navigation, or prohibit the use of steam power to
propel vessels. And if a compliance with the act must
necessarily have such an effect, it would haeome the duty
of the Court to say the act was illegal, and is not to be
complied with. For Congress has no power to prevent
that which is proper and necessary.
The question here is, whether Congress, by this law,
in attempting to regulate, has interdicted navigation by
means of steamboats. The evidence shows certainly a
great convenience in the use of ropes, but is there suffi-
cient proof to show that she cannot be navigated by the
tiller alone, or even by chains ? Captain Bunker does not
go the length of saying that this would be a physical im-
practicability. If you find the law cannot be complied
with, it is void, and you must find for the defendant; but
if you find that the law can be complied with, then your
verdict must be for the United States, subject to the opin-
ion of the Court upon the great questions of law which
have been raised in the nroffress of the trial.
FROM THE NEW ORLEANS BULLETIN, JUNE 12.
By the way of Galveston, late dates have been received
from Vera Cru, brought by the Empresario, Capt; L~oG-
COPE, from that port, having- sailed 'the 2d instant.' The
advices from Mexico are to the 28th't'ltimo. The Fede-
ral prisoners taken under-MEXIA are'many of them emuploy-
ed in working the streets of Vera Cruz, arid are treated
with the greatest cruelty. The Government papers state
that the number of Federalists killed and wounded at the
overthrow of MEXIA was 600. :
General LEMAS with 1,700 Federalists is still in the vi-
cinity of Monclova, and now.seems to be regarded by thep
Government party as their most formidable enemy.. He is
said to be a brave and skilful officer, and very much. es.
teemed by his party. There is not a single-vessel of the
Mexican navy left. The gazettes represent the. ovea-
ment much straitened in its pecuniary resources by the
late difficulties, and it is proposed to dismiss 'H the super-
numerary officers, curtail the pay of tiIe rediainder, stop all
pendsons, increase the tages, and again resort to forced
loans. It is thought the church witl be called'upon to dis-
gorge some of its enormous treasure. ColaP ,it is
W.it .W-h h 1 Ld- jeAh r -- y for hiin tp be of
any service to Texas, were he so disposed
In Tampico the Federalists still resisted the efforts of the
Centralists to put them down. It was thought that the
contest between the two parties was not yet by any means
The Government papers boast much. of the victory over
MEXIA, and say that it is now only necessary to send 12
or 15,000 men to over-run Texas in order to eradicate
every trace of insubordination.
A commercial house in this city has kindly favorPd us
with the following extract of a letter, received the other
day from their correspondent at Vera Crjuz:
A private letter from Mexico, under date of May 25th,
informs us that the Rev. Dr. MornoUN, Apostolic Vicar
of Texas, reached that city on the 13th da. of May, and
next morning called to pay his respects to the President, -
ad interim, who would not sea him under pretext of'busi-
ness. That night at 11 o'clock he was conducted to pri-
.sori, where he remains, without' any hope of acquiring his
liberty at present. /
"The Mexican Government is organizing an army of
60,000 men, with which to recover the.sovereignty of their.
lost province of Texas, and appear determined to make a
desperate effort to effect it."
FROM' THE ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE OF YESTERDAY.
We have information from Florida, by officers 6f- the
United States Army, who left theresix.day ago. It is
stated that the Indians are coming in peaceably from eve-
ry quarter, and that several hundred are now collected at
Fort King. The most confident belief is entertained by
the officers of the army that the war is in reality eqded.
A murder was committed near Picolata a few days ago,
but it was supposed to have beenlthe work of a white man
and a negro. The Indians declare their determination to
abide by the treaty, and their actions, so tar, show that
they are in earnest. Whether they will continue in this
mind, no one can say. But we trust that the anticipations
of the officers of the army may all be realized, and that we
may say at last that there is an end of the Florida war.
FROM THE SAVANNAH GEORGIAN, JUNE 15;
The steamboat Charleston arrived on Thursday night,
direct from Black Creek, with several officers U. S.J. on
board-Major FAUNTLEROY, 2J Dragoons, Captain BACKOS,
2d Infantry, and L" rtenauts MERRILL and INGE, With two
companies 2d Dragoons, destined for Fort Columbus, ,New
York. The prospect of a permanent peace with the In--
_,dianis frable, and indeed may be considered as
many hundred Indians have come atF rt ng, K riend-
ly to peace, .nd on their way South, in fulfilment of their
They daily meet the expresses and trains on the road, ,
and appear perfectly assured in their manner of the favor-
able change in affairs, intimating as little disposition to mo-
lest others as fear of being molested. Some fears were at
first entertained that General MACOMB would not be ena-
bled, from the dispersed condition of the savages, to effect
any desirable arrangements in so short a time as he had
allotted to himself; and this circumstance, at this time,
offered to the dissatisfied the only ground of interested ca-
vil against it; but the General took the most judicious
means, in the very seeming haste displayed, to inspire the
enemy with confidence--the first step to be taken, and
without which the most protracted negotiations would have
been abortive. The dispersed situation of the Indians will
without doubt leave many of these wandering wretches in
a state of ignorance for some time as to the relative posi-
tion of the belligerent parties, and, consequently, some
mischief will occasionally be perpetrated by detached par-
ties, and perhaps even in some instances they may avail
themselves of this state of things to glut their natural
thirst for blood and plunder.
But there is now among the intelligent and patriotic citi-
zens of Florida not much doubt entertained, and a strong
general wish, that, by a proper course of forbearance on the
part of her citizens towards the enemy, peaceable relations
may be effectually preserved, and the lasting and best in-
terests of the Territory advanced. At any rate, they are
willing to make a fair trial, and not condemn by wholesale
and beforehand. Four other companies of Dragoons will
follow in a few days for Fort Columbus. These six com-
panies have all been dismounted in consequence of the in-
convenience of transportation. This will in a short time
throw a large number of valuable horses into market, also
wagons, &c. There never was a more favorable state of
things for Florida. The country and rivers have been
fully explored by the army, and roads made in ainost all
directions-her lands advertised and brought into market,
and accessible to all. Most certainly will there never he a
more favorable moment to gratify that disposition to settle
in this country which seems so general with all those who
have seen her beautiful streams, her fertile hammocks, and
her lakes, unrivalled even in Italian scenery.
[The abqve information is from an authentic and respect-
able source.-ED. GEORGIAN.]
ENGINEER ORDER, I ENGINEER DEPARTMENT,
No. 5. WASHINGTON, JUNE 17, 1839.
It has become the painful duty of the Chief Engineer to
announce to the Corps of Engineers the death of a brother
officer, Captain WILLIAM A. ELIASON, who expired sud-
denly, at Alexandria, D. C. on the morning of the 15th
As a testimonial of respect for the deceased, the officers
of the Corps and those of the Military Academy will wear
the usual badge of mourning for thirty days.
JOS. G. TOTTEN,
Colonel and Chief Engineer.
In this city, on Saturday, the 15th instant, Mr. JAMES
Z. L. CHANDLER to Miss MARY F. REILING,
both of Virginia.
At Shell Point, Florida, on the 6th instant, by the Rev.
R. B. KER, Mr. ALBERT R. ALEXANDER, of Alex-
".A (T- 0. N t- M:- A P A 1 n- rr i .-
- -- "Y -- 1 I~h ---~-~ -~L I r
7- 11 ~~~~~S, ;pl~Fr'e, u'?:IV
- - - _____________
ANOTHER PAGE OF HISTORY,
That the removal of the deposits of the pub-
lie money from the late Bank of the United.
States-that high-handed'measuIre conceived by
Messrs. KENDALL & Co. anid executed by Gen.
JACKSON--is justly chargeable as-the origin of
the embarrassments under which commerce and
,consequently the industry of the- country have.
since labored, we suppose there are few who
will now deny.
With the more public partof the history of
that measure our readers are too familiar to make
it necessary for us to recapitulate it as prelimi-
nary to whatwe are now about to offer to their
SWM. J. DVANE, -Esq.,. who covered himself
with honor by his refusal to be instrumental in
that arbitrary -and unconstitutional act, (whose
scruples not only prevented his.so acting after
his dismission from office as to ..convert the
Smisonduct of the Executive into political capi-
tal for himself,- but also from.spreading at once
the full history.of the transaction before his fel-
low-citizens,) has, nom a jealous regard to his
own fame in reference to posterity, prepared f
Narrative. arid Correspondence concerning.
connected of the Deposite and oc ,rr~, a
u ,n ci B.V.. .. ..-., ..." -U.i IA to De -rint-
ed, not for sale,. but for his own use and for
distribution among his-friends, in a pamphlet
consistingof. nearly two hundred pages.
Of- this interesting publication we have been
for some time in possession of a copy, but have
not until lately had time. to make ourselves fully
acquainted with its contents. Having now. done
so, however, we propose to gratify our. readers
with some extracts from .i, which, although the
subject is old, cannot fail to impart to their
minds .new ard important light concerning it.
From publications heretofore made, our read-'
ers already.kniow that, after the arrival of Mr.
DUANE in Washington,: and on the. very day of
his taking the bath of office as Secretary of the
Treasury, he. received direct intimations that a
blow was meditated by the President against the
SU.S. Bank, and'that the fact of.this intention was
on the next day confirmed to hin, in the.presence
and with the sanction of Mr. KENDALL, who was
referred-to as being in the President's confidence
-and possessed of'his views on the subject. [This
was about l 1st day.of June, 1833.] In Mr.
D.'s -first interview' with the President, on the
3d of June, the subject-of the- Bank was intro-
duced by the'President, as had been foretold to
Mr."D.UANE, and his purposes in- regard to it
were intimated, to which Mr. D. then stated ob-
jec ions. On the 5th-of Juine (the day before
.the President's departure. on his northern tour)
he had another interview with the President,
which the President ended. by saying he did
not wish any one to. conceal his opinions, and
that all he asked was, that Mr. D. should reflect
with a view to the public good."
.The effect of these early occurrences on the
init:d of Mr. D'UANE are stated by him as follows:
I had,-heard rumors of the. elfstence of an
z influence' at Washington unknown to the Consti-
itrtney were etirunded now became irre-'.
'.' sirtible.. I knew, that four of the six members
of the last. Cabinet, and that four of the six
-*'s members of the present Cabinet, opposed a
removal of the deposi'tes; and yet their exer-
"tiotis were nullified by individuals whose in-
tercourse with the President was clandestine.
"' During his absence, several of those in'dividu-.
"ials called on me; and made many of the iden-
.' tieal .observations, in the identical language
usebd by himself.. They represented Congress
#" as:corruptible, and the new members as in need
ofespecial.guidance.- They.pointed oit the im-
'' portance of a test question at. Ihe opening of the
new:Congress,-for party purposes. They argued
that THE EXERCISE OF THE VETO POWER MUST-BE
SSECURED; thit it could bein no other way so;
Seffectually attained at:by at once removing the'
Sdeposites.: ad; that, unless they were rembi..
S" ed, the Presideint would be thwarted by Con-
"gress. In sbort,-I felt satisfied' fom" all that
I saw and heard, -that factious and selfish views
alone guided those wh had influence with the
Executive and'that.l.e- true welfare and ho-
nor ot' he country., instituted no part of their
In the midsf the painful impressions pro-
duced bjr these convictions, Mr. D(ANE re-
ceiyed rrorm tt-he President a Letter, signed. by
hinm, dated at'.Boston,. June 26, enclosing ,a la-
1 red disse ttion .to show why the deposites
ought .to :be removed jFroj the Bank of the
United States, and recommending the employ-
meet ofRAtos -KETNDALL as a proper person to
make: arrangements with other banks to-receive,
the deposits, &C.
Considering .it .hii duty. to comply strictly
with the President's injunction to express to
him', h is sentiments frankly -and fully on the
* subject, M. DUANE did so in- a letter, which
he delivered to him in person on the 12th..
July, in'which he set lor tlmtwP-iu MwerabritT- t
sections whtichl xisted in- his mind to the mea-
sure proposed by the.President. To this Let.
ter another labored answer, signed by the Pre-.
sident, was sent to Mr. Secretary IKUANE, under
date of July 17th; to. which Mr. D. prepared
at once a reply hi, which however he fIrebore to
present to .the President, from various consider-
ations,' one of which was' that he "doubted
whether the President himself weighed -arguments
addressed .to him ;" and another of which was
-r ~ L~ I.
posites? He replied, that it was his desire that I should TREASURY DEPARTMENT, SEPTEMBER 21, 1833 "
remove them, but upon his responsibility; adding, with To the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES :
great emphasis, that "if I would stand-by him it would be R I have the honor to iy before you:" ing
the happiest day of h lf." ,.1. A copy of my commissiu' n
the happiest day of his life." me to execute my duty accor. ,ng
When I retired, I had to consider, not merely whether I me to hold my office at your p. '
ought to remove the deposits, but whether I should resign. 2. A copy of my oath .
I was sensible that I had erred in giving any assurance on pledged myself to execute t.
the latter point, and.doubted whether subsequent occur- 3flty. of te 16h section o
3. A copy of the 16th section of .. ia%
rences had not absolved me from all obligation to respect it. Bank of the United States, whereby the disc
I desired to avoid a surrender of an important post, and yet continue the deposits of the public money :
wished to part from the President without unkind feeling, was committed t the Secretary of the Tre
It had.occurred todine that I might accomplish both these 4. An extract from your letter to.me .'the 2 \
ends by asking f.or a written expressident's wherein you promise not to interfere with the in. AderAt
sh t shod re an i n i- exercise of the discretion committed to me by tnt abov1 i
wish that I should retire; and in giving me such a memo- inc..u;-ed law over the subject. --
.randum, I did not perceive that there would be any com- 5. An ext iar -, ... no,. n iti~'- "n- stant;
mittal of himself. It seemed to me that, assailed as I had wherein you state that you do not expect me, at your re-
been, and menaced with new attacks, the Piesident, ifreal- quest, order, or dictation, to do any act which 1 may be-
lybe, ad menaced, d now ith n ew attacks, the P ent, i lieve to be illegal, or which my conscience may condemn.
l.y my friend, would not desire to tie up my hand-s When you delivered to me, on the 18th instant, the ex-
I was reflecting upon these points, when, early on the position of your views, above referred to, I asked you whe-
.morning of the 19th of September, the President sent to their I was to regard it as a direction by you to me to re-
inquire whether I had come to a decision. I replied, that move the deposits. You replied that it was your direc-
I would communicate it on the 21st. .On the morning of tion to me to remove the deposits, but upon your respon-
the same day(19th, the President's secretary called onsibility; and you had the goodness to add that, if I would
the same day, (th the Presidents secretary called on stand by you, it would be the happiest day of your life.
me to state that the President had determined to announce Solemnly impressed with a profound sense of my obli-
the decision on hp. daumsito innition, iL-.bIa Globe of the gationa to my c-auntry and mynrse afLer painful rfl -
hext day.-ie then proposed to read to me a paper pre- and upon my own iinpressions,.unaided by any advic 4uch
pared for that purpose ; but I refused to listen to it, stating as I expected, I respectfully announce to you, sir, that I
that I had the President's exposition then before ma,-a refuse to carry your directions into effect :
.. exposition n- -u'grRRT desire to frustrate your wishes; for it
was preparing a defensive paper on my own part; that the would be my pleasure to promote them, if I cound do so con-
President ought to wait one day longer to enable me to sistently with superior obligations:
present that paper, and to say finally whether I would or Not because I desire to favor the Bank of the United
would not concur with him; and that any such publication States, to which I have ever been, am, and ever shall be,
in the Globe, as was proposed, would be a gross indignity opposed:
to me as an ofer e ign Not to gratify any views, passions, or feelings of my
to me as an officer and a man. The secretary said he be- own: but,
lived the President would proceed; that the New York 1. Because I consider the proposed change of the deposito-
-Evening Post was urging a decision; and that, as to him- ry, in the absence of all necessity, a breach of the public
self, he had no wish to express. 'I then at once wrote and faith.
2. Because the measure, if not in reality, appears to be
d delivered ohim a remonstrance against the proposed pub- vindictive and arbitrary, not conservative or just.
location. Nevertheless, on the following day (20th) it ap- 3. Because, if the bank has abused or perverted its
peared in the Globe, as follows: powers, the judiciary are able and willing to punish; and,
SWe are authorized to state that the of n the last resort, the Representatives of the People may
p ublic money will be cd tohanged f the dBapofsie Unit- do s
-public money will be changed from the Bank of'the Unit- 4. Because the last House of Representatives of the
ed States tothe State banks as soon as necessary arrange- United Stats pronounced the public money in the Bank
me-nts can be made for that purpose, and that it is believed .ofthe United States safe.
they can be completed in Baltimore, Philadeia Newof the United States safe.
York, and Boston, in time to make the change the s 5. Because, it, under new circumstances, a change of de-
of October, and perhaps sooner, if circumstance should pository ought to be made, the Representatives of the Peo-
ender n earlier action necessary on the part of the G pe, chosen since your appeal to them in your veto message,
enerneaier action necessary on the part of the Gov- will in a few weeks assemble, and will be willing and able
ernment. to do their duty.
It is-contemplIted,. we understand, not to remove at to do their duty.
It is:contemplte,we undestan, not remove at 6 Because a change to local and irresponsible banks will
once the whole of the public money now in deposit in the tend to'shake public confidence, and promote 'doubt and
Bank of the United States, but to suffer it to remain there temscto shake pubc corfience and omote bt and
until it shall be gradually withdrawn by the usual opera- mischief in the operations of society.
until it hall be gradually withdrawn by the usual opera- 7. Because it is not sound policy in the Union to foster
tion of the Government. And this plan is adopted in or- local banks, which. in thefr multiplication and cupidity,
der to. prevent any necessity on the part of the Bank of the lal bak c n the t ton an cu y
United States for pressing upon the comiteci communi- derange, depreciate, and. banish the only currency known
Uy, and to enable it to afford, if it the ink om er.ci hm to the Constitution, that of gold and silver.
ty, andc to tenable it o afford, if it think proper, the usual 8. Because it is not prudent to confide, in the crude way
facilities to the merchants. It. is believed that by this proposed by your agent, in local banks; when, on an aver-
means the change need riot produce any inconvenience to age of all the banks, dependent in a great degree upon each
the commercial e ommuni y, and that circumstances will other, one dollar in silver cannot be paid for six dollars of
-not require a sudden ip heavy call on the Bank of the the paper in circulalion.
United States, so a occasion embarrassment tothe in- 9. Because it is dangerous to place in the hands of a Se-
stittion or the Public."cretary of the Treasury, dependent for office on Executive
As soon as I read the above quoted annunciation in the will, a pgver to favor, or punish local banks, and conse-
Globe, I.put aside the defensive exposition which I had quently make them political machinery.
been preparing, and, on the 21st of September, wrote and 10. Because the whole proceeding must tend to diminish
erna delivered to the Presdent the nexed letter, the confidence of the world in our regard for national cre-
persnally r President the annexed letter. dit and reputation; inasmuch as, whatever may be the
The conversation which took place on the occasion was abuses of the directors of the Bank of the United States,
long and occasionally- animated. The-following briefsketch the evil now to be endured must be borne by innocent per-
,of a part of it will.suffice for the purposes of the present nar- sons, many of whom, abroad, had a right to confide in the
rative: law that authorized them to be holders of stock.
11. Because I believe that the efforts made in various
Secretary. I-have, at length, waited upon you, sir, with quarters to hasten the removal of the deposits did not ori-
this lett er.. ginate wiih patriots or statesmen, but in schemes to pro-
Presideit. What is it ?" mote selfish and factious purposes.
- It rese-tdlty n-tdinally makes known my decision 12. Because it has been attempted by persons and press-
not to remove the deposits or resign. es, known to be in the confidence and pay of the Adminis-
P. Then you do not mean that we shall part as friends, tration, to intimidate and constrain the Secretary of the
-S The reverse, sir, is my desire; but I must.protect Treasury to execute an act in direct opposition to his own
myself. solemn convictions.
"P. But you said you would retire if we coull not finally And now, sir, having, with a frankness that means no
agree, disrespect, and with feelings such as I lately declared them
S. I indiscreetly said so, sir; but I arm now compelled to to be, stated to you why I refuse to execute what you di-
take this course. rect, I proceed to perform a necessarily connected act of du-
P. I have been under an impression that you would re- ty,.by announcing to you that I do not intend voluntarily
sign, even as an act of friendship to me. -to leave the post which the law has placed under my
S. Personal wishes, sir, must give way. The true ques- charge; and by giving you my reasons for so refusing.
tion is, which must I observe, my promise to execute my It is true that, on the 22d of July, you signified in lan-
duty faithfully.or my agreement to retire, when the latter guage sufficiently intelligible, that you would then remove
conflicts with the former ?- me from office unless I would consent to remove the depo-
P. I certainly 'never expected that any such difficulties sites, on your final decision. It may also be true that I
sent upon his mission to the State Banks, which
turned out to be essentially a failure. From that
mission he returned late in August, and soon
after sent to the Treasury Department his report
and various documents, which the Secretary
submitted to the President on the-9th of Sep-
tember. On the 10th there was a Cabinet meet-
ing, at which the subject was brought up, and
the President, after a brief speech, handed the
papers to the Secretaries, stating' anew his own
wishes, and asking of the members of the Cabi-
net,- when they had read them, that they should
"come to an understanding."
After which, the Cabinet separated.
We now quote entirely from Mr. DUANE'S
Memoir the following interesting account of
the finale of this matter, so far as he was offi-
cially a party in it:
On the 17th of September, the members of the Cabinet
again assembled. The PRESIDENT opened the proceedings
by saying that he trusted advantage had been taken of the
time which had passed since the preceding meeting ma-
turely to consider what he had then said. Then, address-
ing himself to the Secretary of State, he asked his opinion
as to the propriety ofa speedy change of the place of public
deposite. Mr. McLANE at once proceeded to state his ob-
jections, in detail, in an emphatic and lucid manner. When
the Secretary of State had closed, the President put the
same question to me; and I simply answered, that I desir-
ed to have the whole subject presented in the clearest light
before Congress-that I had full confidence in their desire
as well as ability to correct abuses, and avert the mischiefs
referred to by the President-that I deprecated the propos-
tea onnexion with State banks-and apprehended serious
.be O th~ "~~' i- case the contemplatedchangp. should
be made. The Secretary otfWar wi--iapealed tv5 id
"You know, sir, I have al. tiTougti tha the maTia
rests entirely with the Secretary of the Treasury." The
Secretary of the Navy entered into an explanation of the
opinion which he had gives in April, against a removal of
the deposits prior to the summer of 1834 Although he
had then considered an earlier change injudicious, he must
now go with the President. The Attorney General barely
said that he had been from the beginning for an immediate
change, and was now more than ever for it.
The PRESIDENT then said, Gentlemen, I desire to meet
you to-morrow, and will then make k'hown my own views.',
On the next day, the members of the Cabinet according-
ly assembled, and the President caused his secretary to
read them the document, subsequently so well known as
the paper read to the Cabinet on the 18th of September."
Very little, if any thing, was said after the paper had
been read. As those present were retiring, I approached
the President, and asked him to allow me to take and read
his exposition. He directed his secretary to deliver it to
me, and he did so. I then asked the President, whether I
was to understand him as directing me to remove the de-
,e, I-wrote an ac-
S-. -ngc its phraseology,
\ ** ^T:
S' .rARTMENT, EPT. 21, 1833.
S.i.. a nid oJi, ii, any written communication,
given a direction ais to the deposits, but, on the contrary,
had left the action to the Secretary of the Treasury, as a
matter of option, I deemed it my duty, when I had the
honor to receive from you your exposition of theTtBin imsr
to ask you whether I was to consider myself directed to re-
move the deposits, and you replied that I w as directed, on
I was preparing to lay before you an exposition of our
relative position and views, from the first moment of my
entry into your administration, when your '- n was
authoritatively announced in the Globe-a p Ang un-
sanctioned by me, that rendered all fourth' discussion
needless, and any attempt of the kind derogatory to
A communication, justificatory of my course "''n
--* -u-.ratanees, which I delivered to" \
having been retnura; ..D ,.L ant of
matter therein, the presence of wflicj, .'- -
regret, it now becomes my duty, i" rn .
returning that communication, ri, 4-
my unwillingness.to carry your '<
sites into effect; and in making ,, "ilh-
out meaning any sort of disrespei \ nIysf by
protesting against all that has to
divest the Secretary of the Tri -:. '
cise, independently' c the Presi colm-
mitted to him by law over t. t '
I have already, sir. n and re-
cently, without co;. -.'i net, stated
that I did not kno 7 n into office,
that you had dete,.. should be re-
moved without ai. / /p,' If I had
known that such ;'ld be
requested to act But
as soon as I undi Vour n-
tion was, I sougi, \I to .able
me to act upright' \ in \ ..ich
I was unexpected -'
You were so o i, to me end from
Boston.not on!t he mem C --
net, but your u. 'i, upon the\ D.
tion; but, inste" ., to me that m) -
tion to carry those '' "ect would be fultov
a call for my retire j Aphatically assured me, iin
your letter of the fi JLie, that you did not intend
to interfere with ti_ pendent exercise of the discretion
committed to me by over the subject."
Fully confiding mi the encouragement thus held out, I
entered into an exposition of my objections to the proposed
measure. Discussion ended in an understanding that we
should remain uncommitted until after an inquiry, which
your agent was to make, should be completed, ard until
the discussion of the subject in the Cabinet. But pending
the preparation for the ii.quiry, I received your letter of
July 22, conveying what 1 understood to be an intimation
that I must retire, unless I would then say that I would
remove the deposits, after the inquiry and discussion, in
case you should then decide to have them removed.
I would have at once considered this letter as an order
to retire, and would have obeyed it, if I had not thought
it my duty to hold the post entrusted to me, as long as.l
could do so with benefit to the country, and without dis-
credit-lo myself. Instead, therefore, of retiring voluntari-
ly or otherwise, I subjected my feelings to restraint, and
stated, as you quote in your letter of this day, that, if I
could not, after inquiry and discussion, as the responsible
agent of the law, carry into effect the decision that might
be made, I would afford you an opportunity to select a
Under these circumstances, the inquiry was entered
upon. It ended in showing, as I had predicted, that the
plan submitted to me on the 26th of June was impracti-
cable ; and in a report, without any defined substitute, ac-
cording to my comprehension of it.
After a consideration of the subject in the Cabinet, you
gave directions as stated at the commencement of this let-
ter; and I wrote to you that I would make a communica-
tion to you on Saturday, the. 21st instant, and I accord-
ingly did so, as hereinbefore stated.
Unto the present time, therefore, I have been struggling,
under painful circumstances, not to retain a post that I.
never sought, and the loss of which I shall not regret on
P. It would be at any time disagreeable to do what might
be injurious to you.
S. A resignation, I think, would be more injurious. And
permit me to say that the publication in yesterday's Globe
removes all delicacy. A worm if tiodden upon will turn.
I am assailed in the leading papers of the Administration;
and, if my friend, you will not tie up my hands.
P. Then, 1 suppose, you mean to come out against me.
S. Nothing is further from my thoughts. I barely desire
to do what is now my duty, and to defend myself if assail-
[Here the President expatiated onthe late disclosures in
relation to the bank, the corruptibility of Congress, &c.;
and at length, taking a paper from his drawer, said]
P. You have been all along mistaken in your views.
Here is a paper that will show you your obligations-that
the Executive must protect you.
S. I will read it, sir, if such' is your wish, but I cannot
anticipate a change of opinion.
P. A Secretary, sir, is merely an Executive agent, a
subordinate, and you may say so in self-defence.
S. In this particular case, Congress confers adiscretion-
ary power, and requires reasons if I exercise it. Surely this
contemplates responsibility on my part.
P. This paper will show you that your doubts are
S, As to the deposits, allow me, sir, to say, my decision
is positive. The only question is as to the mode of my re-
P. My dear Mr. Duane; we must separate as friends.
Far from desiring that you should sustain any injury, you
know I have intended to give you the highest appointment
now in my gift. You shall have the mission to Russia. I
would have settled this matter before, but for the delay or
difficulty [as I understood the President] in relation to Mr.
S. I am sincerely thankful to you, sir, for your kind dis-
position, but I beg you to serve me in a way that will be
truly pleasing. I desire no new station, and barely wish to
leave my present one blameless, or free from apprehension
as to the future. Favor me with a written declaration of
your desire that I should leave office, as I cannot carry out
your views as to the deposits, and I will take back this
letter [the one I had just presented.]
P. Never have I had any thing that has given me more
mortification than this whole business. I had not the
smallest notion that we could differ.
S. My principles and opinions, sir, are unchanged. WP
waiting tbfor Congiess.
P. How often have I told you that Congress cannot act
until the deposits are removed.
S. 1 am unable, sir, to change my opinion at will upon
P. You are altogether wrong in your opinion, and I
thought Mr.. Taney would have convinced you that you
S. Mr. Taney, sir, endeavored to prevail on me to adopt
his views, but failed. As to the deposits, I barely desired
a delay of about ten weeks.
P. Not a day-not an hour; recent disclosures banish
all doubt, and I do not see how you car hesitate.
S. I have often stated- my reasons. purely, sir, it is
enough that, were I to act, I could not give reasons satisfac-
tory to myself.
P. My reasons, lately read in the cabinet, will release
you from complaint.
S. I am sorry I cannot view the subject in the san'light.
Our conversation was further extended, under vaiing
emotions on both sides; but without any change of opiinVr-
or decision. At length I retired, leaving the followhg-
To the SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY.
If I had consulted Col. Duane, and had removed the depo-
sites or resigned, the partisan s of the Executive would have
Sextolled my conduct as an instance of filial piety: but, as I
would not remove the deposits or resign, they ridiculed iry
desire to consult him. This was the more remarkable because
the Presidpnt himself had not only requested Col. Duane's
h1 P_ .,out had, in several instances, urged me to consult him.
S:vertheless, when thus rebuked, in 1834, I was silent. On a
recent occasion, however,' I felt myself called upon to allude to
this subject; and to show that while I was in office Col. Duane
had sanctioned my own spontaneous inclination to refuse to re-
move the deposits or resign; and from the letter, written on
the occasion referred to, I am induced to make the following
explanatory quotations :
It may be asked why, after having had, on the two points'
above alluded to, [the reinoval of the deposits; and the ques-
tion of resignation,] my father's approval of.my own prefer-
ences, I desired a further conference with him. I answer
without disguise. Between the 12th and 18th of September
the President gave me reason to apprehend that he would in
sist upon an unconditional surrender;, and would not, in writ-
ing, ask me to retire; There was a lurking reluctance, on my
part, to refuse to resign, after having said that I would. Al-
though released by the bad faith with which I had been treated,
from the observance, of an assurance which I.onght never to
have given, I still paused. Such was the state of my feelings
on the 18th of September, when the President's expos ion was
read to the. Cbinet,- and delivered to me for my decision. I
desired to gain time for the purpose, and began to write a de-
fensive exposition on my own part, or of myself for refusing to
remove the deposits. 'While writing it, I certainly looked
around, and in vain, for some friendly countenance. 1I desired'
to sift the question, whether I should resign or not. I was anx-
ious that a less excited eye than my own should he cast upon
my exposition, lest it should contain what I might thereafter re-
gret. And, under the influence of these feelings, I am not
ashamed to say I wished to confer with my father. If there
was the least weakness in this, I am not sensible of it. My
feelings were the natural effect of a deep sense of the value of
reputation-a demonstration of struggles between respect for
my country and myself, and my early attachment to the Pre-
When I was desirous to confer with my father, the official
annunciation that the deposits would be removed had not ap-
peared. When the President took that step, on the 20th of
September, my scruples vanished-an oppressive weight was
removed from my heart-and I spontaneously refused to re-
move the deposites or resign."
This last letter terminated all intercourse
whatever between the PRESIDENT and Mr. D'u-
... A --- ._._. .. hA I_L- -. --_ -1 -
'or a neglect of punctilious delicacy; but I can have no
mpure motives, much less can I attain any selfish end. 1
barely choose between one mode of retirement and another;
and I choose that mQde which I should least of all have
preferred, if I had not exalted and redeeming considerations
.n its favor.
I have, besides, your own example: I do not say that,
after you had promised "'not to interfere with the indepen-
dent exercise of the discretion vested in me by law," you
were wrong in interfering, if you really thought the public
welfare a superior consideration to a mere observance of
assurances made to me; nor can you say that I err, when,
upon a solemn sense of duty, I prefer one mode of removal
from this station to another.
The course is due to my own self-preservation, as well
as to the Public; for you have in all yourpapers held out
an assurance that you would not interfere-,with the in-
dependent exercise of the discretion committed to me by
law" over the deposits ; and yet, every thing but actual
removal of me from office has been done to effect that end.
So that, were I to go out of office voluntarily, you might
be able to point to official papers that would contradict me,
if I said you interfered; and I should thus be held up as a
weik and faithless agent, who regarded delicacy not shown
to himself more than duty to his trust.
Sir, after all, I confess to you that I have had scruples,
for it is the first time that I have ever condescended to
weigh a question of the kind; but I am content that it
shall be said of me that in July last 1 forgot myself and
my duty too, lather than that it should be said, that, now,
knowing the course that you pursue, I had in any way fa-
vored it. On the contrary, if I have erred, I am willing to
be reproved, but my motives no man can impugn.
My refusal to resign cannot keep me one moment longer
than you please in an office that I never sought, and at a
removal from which I shall not grieve on my own account;
it must, on the contrary, hasten my exit. So that, if you
shall proceed in wresting from the Secretary of the Trea-
sury the citadel in his possession, the act can only be ac-
complished by a mandate, which will be my apology for no
longer standing in the breach.
And now, sir, allow me to repeat to you in sincerity of
heart, that, in taking the present course, under a solemn
sense of my obligations, 1 feel a sorrow on your account
far greater than on my own. I have been your early, uni-
form, and steadfast friend ; I can have no unkind disposi-
tion, but shall cherish those of a kind nature that I feel.
You proudly occupy the hearts of your countrymen ;. but
i lt-l o._oJaLajt nam it at times to err. I do ample
justice to your moWTlv,-Uuf-W 'M ~o regret your
present proceedings; and I devoutly wish that you may in,
to see all my forebodings contradicted, and your measure,
followed by results beneficial to your country, and honor-
able to yourself.
With the utmost consideration, your obedient servant,
W. J. DUANE.
W"ASHINGTON, SEPTEMBER 21, 1833.
SIR : After you retired, I opened and read-the paper you
handed to me: I herewith return it as a communication
which I cannot receive. Having invited the free and full
communication of all your views, before I made up a final
opinion on the subject, I cannot consent to enter into a fur-
ther discussion of the question.
There are numerous imputations in the letter which
cannot, with propriety, be allowed to enter into a corres-
pondence between the President and the head of a depart-
ment. In your letter of July last, you remark. "But
if, after receiving the information, and hearing the discus-
sion, I shall not consider it my duty, as a responsible agent
of the law, to carry into effect the decision that you may
then make, I will, from respect to you and for myself, af-
!ord you an early opportunity to select a successor, whose
yhtws may accord with your own on the important matter
in Contemplation My communication to my cabinet was
made knder this assurance received from you; and 1 have
ot r s ested ', u to perform any thing which your sense
.t nation. I have merely wished to be in-
Secretary of the Treasury, you can,
ur orpnion on the subject of the depo-
;- relat;On tothem as in my view
~ 5,' '" t)1 la> ender
rize such change to be made, unless good cause shall arise,
such as, in my judgment, does rot now exist.
I am further constrained, owing to occurrences and cir-
cumstances that in part have come to my knowledge, or
have taken place of late, to leave it to you, sir, to deter-
mine whether I am or am not any longer to remain a mem-
ber of your administration.
I sincerely hope, sir, that you will consider that I owe it
to myself, my family, and my friends, not to leave my
course, at this most trying moment of my life, open to
doubt or conjecture ; that my conduct has already sharpened
the dagger of malice, as may be seen in the public prints;
that you, who have been assailed ip so many tender-parts,
and in whose defence I have devoted many a painful day,
ought to make allowance for me in my present position;
that, were I to resign, I could meet no calumniator with-
out breach of duty; that I ask such order or direction from
you, in relation to my office, as may protect me and my
children from reproach, and save you and myself from all
present and future pain; that I desire to separate in peace
and kindness; that I will strive to forget all unpleasant-
ness, or cause of it; and that I devoutly wish that your
measures may end in happiness to your country, and honor
With the utmost consideration, your obedient servant,
W. J. DUANE.
To the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, SEPT. 21, 1833.
SIR: Allow me, with great respect, to present to you
another view, in addition to those stated in my letter of
If I understand your wish, as it is to be collected from
your note of this date, which I have just now again pe-
rused, it is to hold me, upon principles of delicacy at least,
to my assurance of July 22d, that unless I agreed with
your decision, after inquiry and discussion, I would prompt-
ly afford you an opportunity to obtain a successor accord-
ing in your views.
I pray you dispassionately to consider whether you did
not absolve me, even upon principles of delicacy, from all
obligations, upon this view of the matter:
1. On Wednesday, September 18th, I signified in Cabinet
my desire to take and examine your exposition; and you gave
it to me, saying, in reply to my inquiry as to your direction,
that I was to consider myself directed to act on your respon-
2. On Thursday morning, September 19th, you applied to
me to know if I had come to a decision ; and I returned by
your messenger, who brought your note, this reply:
"SEPTEMBER 19, 1833.
S: SiR : Upon a matter that deeply concerns, not only myself,
Lut all wiio si c dear to me, I have deemed it right, as I have
not a friend here to advise with, to ask the counsel of my father
at this crisis. I wrote to him last night, and am sure that no-
thing but sickness will prevent his presence to-morrow night.
On the next day I trust that I shall be able to make a commu-
,nication to you.
With the utmost respect, your obedient servant,
To the PRESIDENT U. S. W. J. DUANE."
3. On the same day, Thursday, the 19th of September, your
private secretary, Major Donelson, called on me to say that you
proposed to publish, in the Globe of the next day, your deci-
sion. I replied, that I thought you ought not; that I was not a
party to it; and, as a matter of delicacy to myself, could not
approve of it.
Lest words should be forgotten, I wrote and delivered to Ma-
jor Donelson this reply :
"i SEPTEMBER 19, 1833.
"DEAR SIR : The world is so censorious that I am obliged,
upon reflection, to express to you my hope that you will not re-
gard me as approving of any. publication. It would seem to me-
but delicate to defer such an act until I shall either concur or
decline. However, all that I desire to have understood is, that
I do not approve of the course you mentioned. Were I the
President, I would consult, at least reasonably, the feelings of
a man who has already anxiety enough. As to the newspapers,
they will know what has been done, without an official commu-
nication. Vr-y respectfully, yours,
"A. DONELSON, Esq. W. J. DUANE."
4. In the Globe of Friday, September 20th, you caused il to
be announced to the world that the die was cast; thus altogeth-
er disregarding the rights of the Secretary of the Treasury,
and my own feelings and fame; and refusing besides to wait
even until the next day to receive my decision.
Allow me, therefore, very respectfully, but confidently,
to say that I was thus discharged from any sort of obliga-
tion or respect for, or on account of, the past.
You gave me no opportunity to let you know whether I
would or would not afford you an opportunity to choose a
successor; in short, the Secretary of the Treasury was,
as far as an Executive act could do it, nullified; and 1
hold, therefore, that, after such a course, I may stand be-
fore my country acquitted of any disregard even of deli-
Trusting, sir, that you will be so good as to permit this
to enter into your consideration, with my former note of
this -date, nd that ..e may elone, with, j...'i-b
er, the pending matter,
I am, with the utmost consideration, your obedient ser-
vant, W. J. DUANE.
To the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
SEPTEMBER 23, 1833-
SIR: Since 1 returned your first letter or ieptenamer
21st, and since the receipt of your second letter of the
same day, which was sent back .to you at your own re-
quest, I have received your third and fourth letters of the
same date. The tmwo last, as well as the first, contain
statements that are inaccurate; and as I have already in-
.icated in my last note to you that a correspondence of this
description is inadmissible, your two last letters are here-
But from your recent communications, as well as your
recent conduct, your feelings and sentiments appear to be
of such a character that after your letter of July last, in
which you say, should your views not accord with mine,
I will, from respect to you and for myself, afford you an
opportunity to select a successor whose views may accord
with your own, on the important matter in contemplation,"
and your determination now to disregard the pledge you
then gave--I feel myself constrained to notify you that your
further services, as Secretary of the. Treasury, are no
*I am, respectfully, your obedient servant,
2 prizes of -
9\ J ^
,2 d -o 1,;UU
20 prizes of $1,000.
20 of $500-20 of 400-40 of $300-50 of $200, &c.
Tickets only $10-Halves $5--Quarters'$2 50.
Certificates of packages of 26 whole .tickets, $130'
Do -do 26 half' do 65
Do do 26 quarter do 32 50
$30,000-30 prizes of $1,500 !
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For Endowing the Leesburg Academy', and for other purposes.
CLASS No. 4, FOR 1839.
To.be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, 20th July, 1 39.
30 prizes of $1,500-50 of $500-50 of $400, &c.
Whole tickets only $10-Halves $5-Quarters 82 50.
Certificates of packages of 26 whole tickets, $130 .00
Do do 26 half do- 65 00
Do do 26 quarter do .32 6
$30,000 Capital-100 prizes of $1,000.
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the Benefit of the Town of Wellsburg.
Class No. 3, for 1839.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, July 27, .1639.
100 prizes of $1.000.
10 of $500-20 of $300--:4$ of $200, &c.
Tickets only $10-Halves $5-Quarters 82 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets, $130
Do do 25 half a. '65
Do do 25 quarter do-t*, 32 50
SOrders for Tickets and Shares, or Certificates o ackages,
in the above magnificent schemes, will receive the most prompt
Attention, and an official account of each drawing sent immredi-
ately after it is over to all who order from us. Address
D. S. GREGORY & Co. Managers,
june 20-2aw3wd&c Washtington.
jt'To avoid any misunderstanding with the public now,
and hereafter, we deem it necessary to state that neither our-
selves nor our agents have any connexion with, or sell tickets
in any other Lotteries than those in which all the prizes. are
'nanh4nlm ,n I,.? nnirrnnt or iankon'ioule where Fnld.' Fnr the
LAW INSTITUTIONS OF HARVARD UNIVER-
T HE Autumn Term of the Law School will commence on
the 28ih d'ay of August next.
The design of this Instituti6n is to afford a complete- course
of legal education-for gentlemen intended for the bar in either of
the United States. the course of instruction embraces the va-
rious branches of Public and Constitutional Law, Admiralty,
Maritime, Equity, and Common Law, with occasional illustra-
tions of Foreign JurisFrudence. The active labb's of instruc-
tion are shared equally by Mr. Justice Story, who is Dane Pro- -
fessor of law in the University, and by Mr. Greenleaf,.the
Rdyal Professor of Law, who has the immediate direction and
superintendence of the Law Schnol.
No previous examination is necessary for admission; but the
student is expected to produce testimonials of good charac-
ter. He also gives a bond of $200 to thfe.Steward, with a surety,
resident in Massachusetts, for the payment of College dues.
The fees are at the rate of $100 per annum, and are computed
for any period not less than one quarter; for which sum, with-
out additional charge, students have the use of the lecture ro ms,
the Law and College Libraries, and teit'books.; 'and are admit-
ted to all the public lectures in the University.' They may
also study any foreign language in the University for $10 per
annum. The price of board varies from $2 25 to $3 50 per
week, and of room rent from 75 cents to $1 t5 per week. Fuel,
prepared for use, is furnished, at cost, by the Steward.
The Academical year, which commences on the fourth Wed-
nesday in August, is divided into two terms of twenty weeks
each, and two vacations of six weeks each,'alternately succeed-
ing each other.
Instruction is given by examinations, and oral lectures and
expositions, of which each Profegsor gives at least six, every
week, to the several classes. A Moot Court is holden in each
week, at which a cause, previously given out, is argued by four
students, and an opini n is delivered by the presiding Profes-
The degree of Bachelor of Laws is conferred by the Univer-.
sity on all students who have completed the regular term of
professional studies required inthe States to which they respec-
tively belong, eighteen months thereof, or three full terms,
having been passed in the Law School of this Institution.
In behalf of th.e Faculty,
Royal Professor of Law.
Cambridge, Mass. June 10, 1839. june 20- w4w
IONOCACY MILLS FOR SALE.-By virtue of
a decree of Frederick County Court sitting as a Court of
Equity, the subscribers, as trustees.for the sale of the real es--
tate of Daniel Kemp, deceased, will sell, at public sale, at Dor-
sey's City Hotel, in Frederick, on Saturday, the 6th day of July
next, between the hours of 1 and 2 o'clock P. M. the one-half
of that valuable mill property known as the Monocacy Mills. It
.is situated on the Mdnocacy river, near Buckeystown, about 40
miles from Baltimore, and about 35 miles from Georgetown. It
is situated in the midst of a very luxuriant wheat county, and
can always secure a full supply. The dam is constructed of
stone, and extends entirely across the river, commanding 'the
full power of the stream, which is here strong, and las-a very
fine fall. The Baltimore and Ohio railroad passes within one
mile and a half of the property, at which point there is a large
and commodious warehouse for the reception and transmission
of flour and other produce from the mill. A private switch.from
the railroad is connected with this warehouse, enabling the load-
ing of the flour to be effected without interference with the ope,
rations of the railroad. The Chesapeake and Ohio canal passes
very convenierntlv, enabling the selection of markets'for pro-
duce. The mill-house is built of stone, five stories high, wi'h
three water-wheels running three pairs of five feet, and one
pair of four feet burrs, and is capable of grinding as much, per-
haps, as any other mill in the country. In the mill are. a smut
machine and a packing apparatus, and all the various kinds of
machinery found in a first-rate merchant mill.
Attached to the mill are five and three-quarter, acres of land,
on which are two very convenient and comfortable stone dwel
ling houses, with a never-failing well of excellent water, an
extensive cooper's shop, and a large building for the preservag
tion of barrels.
This property is so well known that a minute description is
unnecessary; suffice it to say that it has always been estimated
as one of the best mill properties in Frederick county. The above
property will be sold free of the widow's dower.
The terms of sale, as prescribed by the decree, are-One-
third of the purchase money to be paid on the day of sale, or on
the ratification thereof by the Court; one-third in one year from
the day of sale: and the remaining third in two years from the.
day ofsale, the purchaser or purchasers giving notes'with suffi-
cient security, bearing interest from the day of sale. "After the
ratification of the sale, and the payment of the whole purchase
money, the trustees will execute a deed in fee -simple-to the
WM. M. KEMP,
:' The subscriber, owner of one-half of the above property,
will, on the same day and place, immediately after the sale
above advertised, sell his interest on the same terms, thus-en-
abling persons to purchase the whole of this desirable property.
june 19-2awtds DANEL BUCKEY.
SPLENDID LOTTERIES FOR JULY.
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, July 6, 1839.
1 prize of 10,000
-3-5 u-,00 $.,500 6,.o000
-50 prizes of 1,000
20 do 500
20 do 300
123 do 200,'&c.
Tickets only $10-Halves $5-Quarters 82 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets, $130
Do do 25 half do 65
Do do 25 quarter do 32 60
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit o'fthe Mechanical Benevolent Society of Norfolk.
Class No. 4, for 1839.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, July 13, 1839.
14 DRAWN NUMBERS OUF OF 78.
I splendid prize'of -40,000
1 do 12,000
1 do 6,000
1 do ,, 5.000
" Liberty and Union,now and forever, one and
SATf.pAY, JUNE 22, 1839.
The PRESIbtiNT OF THE UNITED STATES left
this city; on Thursday last, on a visit to his na-
tive State. .-
S The Ministers of England, Russia, and Aus-
tria to the United States are at present on tours
of absence eastward and westward from the Seat
of Government.. Except the sound of the chisel
and the trowel at the public buildings going up
in the immediate neighborhood of this office,
our city is as composed and tranquil just now
a's the most retired of our inland towns.
On the 4th instant there was a great Whig
meeting in St. Louis, Missouri, at which.the
. Hon, J. M. WHITE, the late delegate in Con-
gress from Florida, was present, and made a
speech. The St. Louis Republican of the 8th
gave a rough' sketch of his remarks. His close
was as follows:
"You have decided to be represented in the National-
Convention..- The Whigs will. there decide upon the can-
d:date who willunite the greatest interest in expelling from
power those-who have abused it in the manner indicated.
The.selection Will be.made of two individuals -most
prominent--one a venerable civilian and soldier whom .I
know and highly esteem. .I think even he must see that a
vast majority of the Whig party prefer his old friend, the
accomplished orator and statesman of the West. I need
not say to you, that HSiNRY CLAY, the persecuted 'patriot, is
the choice of the Waigs of the United States.
If we can have unioa and concert of action with all
the advantages of office, patronage, and the Treasury
against ds, we will elevate to that office a man of loftyaridd
independent character, of profound knowledge of domestic
and foreign policy; "a lan-who will bring back the Gov-
ernme*t to its ancient respectable footing- who willbanish
the bats and -owls who.are floating in that darkness they
have created, and'protect the national interest and honor."
THADDEUS STEVENS, upon his re-election to
the seat to. which he was once before'chosen,
was sworn in as a member and took his. seat an
Wednesday last. Mr. S. de-lined the honor of
an escort to Harrisburg, which was publicly ten-
dered him by the citizens of Adams county, in
the following terms:
But I beg leave respectfully to suggest that this is not
a fit time to indulge in any parade which may be construed
into a triumphal procession. -Although we have repelled
the assaults of tyrants here, yet we can have no assurance
that the Commonwealth is safe, until the same thing shall
be done throughout the State. Let us, therefore, view this
partial redemption with melancholy joy, rather than with
lively exultation. Victories, even over rebels, in civil wars
should be treated with solemn thanksgivings, rather than
with songs of mirth."
TURNING WITH THE PRESIDENTIAL PIPER.-
We question (says the New Ybrk Times) whe-
ther the vast majority of' supporters of the Sub-
Treasury scheme can give any better reasons for
their course than those of the candid Senator
referred to by -Mr. RIVEs in the following cha-
racteristic anecdote related by him at the late
A member of the United States Senate, who had cor-
dially concurred with Mr.. RIEs in his views, (while freely
admitting that Mr. R. in his opposition to the.fworite mea-
sures of the Administration stood upon the same ground
he had before done,) very significantly said, but that is
not the question, Mr. Rives; it is a rule in dancing in my
country, when the tune turns,.you must turn. We have
now a new tune and- a new piper, and yet you will not
turn." Mr. Rives said, *" he was not of the Jim Crow
school of politicians; he could not thus turn about and
wheel about,' as the presidential piper might direct."
THE MARINE BAND.-The promenaders of the Capitol
grounds, on Thursday evening, were treated to some fine
music by the Marine Band; and we are gtad to learn that
it is the obliging intention of the Band to offer the same
gratification. regularly,'by playing on the Capitol square
every Monday and Thursday afternoon, weather and other
General SILAS BROWN, the Treasurer of the State -of
Mississippi, died on Monday, the 27th ult. universally es-
teemed as a man of unswerving integrity, liberal and ho-
norable. He was, at the time of his death, the Whig can-
didate for re-election to the office of State Treasurer.
Colonel PmILIP DIXON died at his residence, near the
Mississippi Springs, on the 25th utt. He was, at the time
of his death, the Whig candidate for the office of Auditor
of Public Accounts of Mississippi. He had been frequent-
ly honored by offices of trust from his fellow-citizens, and
invariably discharged the duties devolving on him with
ability and fidelity.
During. the last ten years, through the efforts of the
Temperance Society, the number of licensed rum shops in
this city has decreased from 3162to 2507, notwithstanding
the constant and rapid increase of the population. There
has also been a decrease of 25 per cent. in the importations
of foreign liquors to this port during the last year. There
were in the State of New York, in 1825, 1129 distilleries ;
the number is now reduced to about 200. In 1837, there
were in operation in the city of New York and, vicinity 17
large grain distilleries; now there are but 9. In 1837,
32,680,000 gallons of first proof domestic spirits were in-
spected in this city; and in. 1838, 18,049,000 gallons, being
14,631,000 gallons less than in the preceding year, or a
falling off of more than 33 per cent. and greater than dou-
ble the decrease of any previous year.-N. Y. Whig.
BOSTON, JUNE 18.
THE CASE OF JACoBS.-Yesterday morning Justice SIM-
MONS delivered the opinion of the Police Court, in the case
of JACOBS, cctivicted of selling less than fifteen gallons of
spirituous liquor, in violation of the law of 1838. Th
Court decided that it had power to compel the payment o0
the fine by imprisonment. Jacobs was accordingly com-
mitted to prison. The Mercantile Journal states that he
soon after allowed a person to pay his fine and costs, and
that, of course, he was discharged. If Mr. Jacobs had
-taken counsel of wisdom instead of passion, he would have
done this in the first place, and saved all the three days' ex-
citement; or rather he would not have violated the law at
all.- We trust that there will be no further attempts to
evade the penalties for a violation of the law. They can
result-in no good to any individual, and, instead of' operat-
ing favorably to.a repeal of the law, in our opinion, will
have a contrary effect. There is but one proper and effec-
tual mode of redress to those who consider themselves ag-
grieved by the law, and the general course of legislation,
of which this law is only a small part of the contemplated
result-and that is the ballot-box.- Courier.
TRADITION EXTRAORDINARY.-There is now living in
the vicinity of Aberdeen, a gentleman who can boast per-
sonal acquaintance with an individual who had seen and
conversed with another who had actually been present at
the battle of Flodden Field. Marvellous as this may ap-
pear, it is not the less true. The gentleman to whom we
allude was personally acquainted with the celebrated Peter
Garden, of Auchterless, who'died in 1775, at the reputed
age of 131, although there is reason to believe that he.was
several years older. Peter, in his younger days, was ser-
vant to Garden of Troup, whom he accompanied on a jour-
ney through the north of 'England, where he saw and con-
versed with the famous Henry Jenkins, who died in 1670,
at the age of 169. Jenkins was born in 1501, and was of
course twelve years of age at the battle of Flodden Field;
and on that memorable occasion he bore arrows to an En-
glish nobleman whom he served in the capacity of page.
II I _I
The Secretary.of the Navy has, in naming the new sloops
of war, not only adhered to the rule which requires that
ves ls of their class shall bear the names of.places, but has
evinced much taste in combining (if I may so speak) locality
Therefore, as Decatur and Yorktown are remembered,
in the name of all that is patriotic, let not BUNKER HILt be
If it be politic to tickle Jack's fancy in the name we be-
stow upon his ship, I ctiieve it can be as thoroughly done
by this as by any otheriff-6ction.
Though a few obscure country villages only bear the in-
spiring name, the original spot will be faithfully remember-
'ed in all succeeding time.
On Wednesday evening, 16th inst. by the Rev. WM.
CUNNINGHAM, at the residence of FRANCIS T. ANDERSON,
Esq. in Fincastle, Virginia, SAMUEL McD. MOORE,
.Esq. of Lexington, to Miss EVELINA R. ALEXAN-
DER, daughter of ANDREW ALEXANDER, Esq.
On the 13th instant, by the Rev. GEORGE G. COOKMAN,
Mr. JAMES ELLIS to Miss JANE GRAVES, of the
District of Columbia.
Also, on Thursday evening last, by the Rev. GEORGE
G. COOKMAN, Mr. JAMES ESPY to Miss SUSAN
ROWE, all of Washington City.
In'this city, on Moniday, the 10th instant, in the fourth
year of his age, after an illness of only twenty-four hours,
LAWRENCE KEARNY, son of Lieut. THOMAS R. GEDNEY,
of the United States Navy. This very interesting little
boy fvas on the morning previous to his death very cheer-
ful and playful, and his affectionate and now bereaved father
left him, in apparently good health, but two or three hours
before he was seized with the disorder which terminated his
How short and uncertain is this life !
"So fades the lovely blooming flow'r,
Frail smiling solace of an hour;
So soon our transient comforts fly,
And pleasure only blooms to die."
E STRAYED-From the common of this city, on Satur-
urday, the 15th instant, a small red Cow, with white
face, white stripe down her back, and short tail, both ears cropt,
TO THE WHIGS OF VIRGINIA.
FROM THE RICHMOND WHIG.
It is evident that the time is at hand when the
Whigs of Virginia must take some step towards
designating a candidate'for the Presidency of
the United States. What that step shall be
there aie m any and various opinions. We have given
much and serious reflection to the subject, and with great
deference we beg leave to submit the following.plan as the
simplest and most eligible:
Many of our brethren'in other States have concurred in
the propriety of a.National Convention at Harrisburg in
December next, for -the nomination of a President and
Vice-President of the United States, and several Whig
States have already chosen their delegates. It is not with-
out objection, but then it is as little objectionable as any
other mode, and.the fact that it has been approved by so
many, renders it less so. It is, therefore, best in itself that
the Whigs of Virginia should accede to it, and most res-
pectful to their Whig brethren abroad.
SThis point agreed, the next question is, how and by
whom representatives to that Convention shall be appoint-
ed. The Central Committee here have not the power,
and the Legislature will not convene in time for delegates
to be appointed by the Whig members of that body. Some
suggest a State Convention for'the purpose, but it is ob-
vioujly absurd to use so cumbrous and inconvenient a. ma-
chinery toeffect so simple an object. But one mode re-
.mains to be considered, and that is plainly the right one.
SItis, that the Whigs should meet at their county court-
houses, and choose twenty-one representatives, one for each
'Congressional District, to, attend at Harrisburg. Two
more must be appointed to fill up the number of twenty-
three, (that being the number of electors to which Virgi-
nia is entitled.) These two, if no.better mode can be sug-.
gested, and no objection be made, will be chosen, by he
Central Whig Committee at Richmond.
We hope that these suggestions will meet the approba-
tion of our political friends. /
FROM THE RICHMOND WHIG, JUNE 20.
NATIONAL CONVENTION.-There appears to.
be some diversity of views among the Whigs
as to the best mode of selecting Delegates to
attend the National Convention. While some
prefer the plan which we suggested on Tuesday,
of each Congressional District sending a Dele-
gate; others prefer a State Convention to be held
during the Autumn at Staunton or Charlottes-
ville. As the mode to be selected is not very
important, and as there is ample time for ac-
tion, nothing will be lost by postponing a se-
lection for the present, and awaiting a further
development of the wishes and vieWss of the
The matter has been submitted to the consid-
eration of the Whig Central Commitlee, who
have already instituted inquiries to ascertain the
sentiments of the Whigs of the Commonwealth.
As soon as a decision shall be had, it will be an-
MONEY AND BUSINESS MATTERS IN
FROM THE NEW YORK EXPRESS OF WEDNESDAY.
.The decline in stocks still continues. All isquieter than
usual to-day. Vicksburg bank stock is down to 47. The
report of the committee favorable to the affairs of the in-
stitution has had no good effect. The stock is lower now
than at any time,
This is packet day, and there gVas a good deal done in
bills on London. The United States Bank was the prin-
cipal seller at the steady rate of 109J. They have hereto-
fore drawn and sold their bills in uniform amounts of five
hundred or thousand pound bills. They now draw to a
point, as it is technically called, or for any particular sum
required. There are other drawers in the market at the
same rate, and in some instances at a shade less.
The condition of the stocks, and their steady decline,
show a pressure in the money-market, particularly among
stock operations. The fact of a fall helps to press heavily
on this interest. There is always a vast amount of stocks
held by speculators and by feeble holders. The moment
any serious fall takes place, the capitalists who have made
loans on the stock are sure to calf in, which of course in-
creases the amount thrown into market and depresses it.
"The sudden fall in the price of flour will fall exceeding-
ly heavy on the mnillers if not on their agents. During
the winter, the manufacturers were generally sanguine that
prices would be sustained, and many of them gave orders
to hold their stocks even higher than nine dollars, The
warm season is now fast approaching when flour is liable
to sour. The crops too have begun, at the South, to be
harvested, with every appearance of being abundant. The
demand having fallen off, prices have declined 25 to 30 per
cent. In some instances the difference on large lots, be-
tween what might have been obtained, and what can now
be had, is full three dollars a barrel. This is truly a severe
loss, and the consequence is, that there will be a large de-
ficiency to be made up to the agent here, who has advanced
largely. Already the loss has caused embarrassments with
some of our most worthy and estimable houses.
WHIG STATE CONVENTION OF PENNSYLVANIA.
CHAMBERSBURG, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 14.
Mr. INGERSOLL, from the Committee to report
resolutions, presented the following report:
Resolved, That this Convention has assembled under
the influence of a sincere devotion to the best interests of the
country, and an earnest, anxious, and unaffected desire to
promote them. The occasion which has called it together
is peculiar, and in some respects without a precedent.. It
'has arisen from no want of concert of opinion or co-opera-
tion in efforts against errors and abuses in the administra-
tion of the General Government, against enormous strides
of Executive power, gross corruption in practice, mistaken
policy, or. disastrous measures. We all agree 'that- false
principles have -been adeifd by the present rulers of the
nation, and that pernicious theories have been sustained
by feeble judgments, and carried into exercise by imbecile
halids. A long course of infatuated misconception dr wi4l-
ful disregard ot the true policy of the nation on the part of
the Government .has been rendered effectually mischiev-
ous by blind delusion or unmerited confidence on the part
of a portion of the American People. Possessed of every
ingredient of prosperity, they are made to suffer evils which
are ordinarily the incidents of adverse fortune. Through-
out the country, there is a want of the due development of
its resources, and of the attainment of a condition to which
Providence had seemed to destine it, and some of its fairest
regions have been visited by desolation with a heavy hand.
It is the conclusion of.no biased judgment, the whisper-
ing of no'selfish or ambitious spirit, the conviction of no
excited or impassioned -feeling, that these unhappy conse-
quences are mainly the results of a misrule which for more
than ten years has controlled the public policy, distorted
the public aims, abused the public confidence, and misled
the public will: that the theories of the men in power have
been uniformly unsound, and. their measures for the most
It is time that this course of erroneous administration
should be arrested, and, if possible, that a change should be
effected in the prospects and pursuits of a virtuous People.
It is believed that nothing can produce these happy and
desirable results, unless power can be withdrawn from the
present rulers; and placed in abler hands.
While the intelligence and patriotism of the nation are
united in cordial sympathy, and not less assured of the ne-
cessity of a change, than resolved to omit no exertions to
effect'it, the truth is mournfully obvious that the enemies
of misgovernmentdo not unite in the precise means by
which it ought to be overthrown. Personal predilections
are suffered to interfere with the active and vigorous d:s-
charge of political duty. There is- imminent danger that
the strong may be rendered weak, .and that their efforts
may be defeated, and their hopes disappointed by the
influence, of divided counsels. T.o reconcile varying
sentiments, and combine and concentrate an opposition
which it is believed requires only union to secure success,
is a primary object of this assembly. The first care of
genuine patriotism at such a juncture will be the selection
of a candidate for the Executive chair. The Chief Magis-
trate of this great Republic should combine qualities which
rarely meet in the same individual. Firmness and energy
with prudence and discretion-long tried experience with
intense activity-courteous and conciliating deportment
with unbending power to resist encroachment-dignity
without pride-meekness without servility-consistency of
conduct and frankness-in the avowal of principles, with
respect for honest differences of opinion and stern disdain
for hypocrisy and unmanly reserve :. these properties, to-
gether with high intellectual merits and uncompromising
integrity of character, we believe are found in HENRY CLAY,
of Kentucky. We cannot assert the existence of them,
nor deny the.prevalence of their opposites in the conduct
and the-composition of the present incumbent pftoe Presi-
The public life of HENRY CLAY, from the this,9'his en-
trance as an orphan boy" into the Halls ofthe tte and
General Governments-through hiitea.eer as .a representa-
tive of a District, of a State; and of tie United Stiles- at
home and abroad-ond all occasions, and in every ation-
reflects honor on his country, aobd displays aA n intimate
knowledge of public affairs,; iasa capacity to onfold that
knowledge with force, simpilitify,amt turpassing eloquence.
On most of the sgbj5tts of prevailing interest he has been
the fearless pioneer of public opinion 'Q on-all he bold
asserterof the People's rights. Anri then passion and
party had assumed a fierceness that has threatened to
shake the foundations of the Government, anit tear to
pieces the Uniob, his was the mighty mind which stilled
the raging of the storm, and restored tranquillity .to the
Resolved, That this Convention recommends-to the Na-
tional Convention, which is to assemble at Harrisburg in
December, 1839, HENRY CLAY, as the preferred candidate
of the Whigs of Pennsylvania for the Executive cbhA-. ial_
the nation may be
Resolved, That, for the purpose of effectually organizing
the Whig party of Pennsylvania, this Convention do now
proceed to constitute a Slate Committee of Correspondence
consisting of fifteen persons; and that the members of this
Convention are hereby constituted District4CTommittees of
Correspondence for the portions of the State which they
now respectively represent; and that the Whigs of the
Districts not represented be requested to make early nomi-
nations of a similar character. That it shall be the espe-
cial duty of the said committees, by concert of action, mu-
tual communication, and zealous efforts in their several
departments, to promote the patriotic designs of the oppo-
nents of the present National Administration, in the resto-
ration of confidence, prosperity, and dignity to a divided,
impoverished, and abused People, and, as mainly conducive
to those ends, to further the election of the distinguished
citizen referred to as the Chief Magistrate of the nation.
et in favor of Gen. HARRISON. No written notice has as
yet reached me. In truth, I am not well pleased that such
a ticket has been taken up. I am myself so anxious to eject
from office the present incumbent that I am resolved to cast
my vote, as a citizen, and, if it may so happen, as an elect-
or, in favor of the National Whig candidate who may'.be
taken up at Harrisburg in December next. My first choice
is Mr. CL y, but I am willing to go for Gen. HARRISON or
any citizen whose principles are well known, to pledge him-
.self to be honest ahd faithfulto the Constitution, and eco-
nomical in the disposal of the public- money. -It is shock-
ing to think how sadly corrupt our administration of the
General Government has been for the last ten years.
Yours, very respectfully,
J. ANDREW SHULTZ.
JOHN BINNS, Esq.
Alderman of the City of Philadelphia.
Mr. BiNs' then called up the preamble and resolutions
which he had before. submitted, and which were now read,
and unanimously adopted as follows:
-Whereas the great object of this assembly, and of all re-
presentative assemblies for the selection of candidates, is to
ascertain which of the citizens before the Public is the one
believed to be the best qualified for the station to be filled,
and most likely to be acceptable to the party whose repre-.
sentatives are thus assembled:
And whereas it:is of incalculable importance to the lib-
erties and happiness of the People of these United States
that the office of President shall, at the approaching elec-
tion, be conferred on some individual who will have courage
and principle to remove corrupt and incompetent men from
office, and appoint honest.ones in their places; to prevent a
repetition of the many outrageous acts of misrule and mis-
conduct which .for the last ten years have disgraced-the
People and the Government; and thus provide effectually
against the further plunder of the public treasure, and. the
flight and impunity of the plunderers, of such frequent oc-
currence under the present and late administrations of the
General Government;. whereby the hard-earned money of
the People has been squandered, and the character of the
nation injure,l in the estimation of the. world-:'
And whereas, in order to secure the success of such a
candidate, it is greatly to be desired, nay, it is indispensably
necessary, that the whole strength of the Opposition to the-
administration of Mr, President Van Buren shall be united,
and that all their votes be cast in favor of some one can-
And- whereas the Democratic Whig party throughout
the Union are so thoroughly satisfied of the necessity
which exists for a reformation in the principles and prac-
tices of the administration of the General Government,
that.they have at every meeting, whether aggregate or iep'
resentative, which has been held, in language the most
unequivocal and unreserved, pledged, themselves to give
up all personal preferences, and heartily unite in support of
such candidate as shall be selected by the National Con-
vention which is to assemble at Harrisburg in December
And whereas this general determination to submit to the
ascertained will of the majority has been most imposingly
ind impressively exhibited by the Whigs of the States of
.assachusetts, Kentucky, and Ohio; they have each pre-
sented a distinguished son as every way worthy to be Pre-
sident of the United States: Massachusetts has presented
qer WEBSTER, Kentucky her CLAY, and Ohio her HARRI-
SON: yet, in a spirit of all praise, and worthy the best days
o the Revolution, they have magnanimously declared that,
whatever may be the strength of their convictions, how-
ever affectionately bound up may be their preferences,
they stand ready to offer them all up on the altar of the
public weal, to ensure the election of the candidate who
mal be nominated, by the National Convention, whether
thatcandidate shall be WEBS'ER, or CLAY, or HARRISON,
or hb whatsoever other name he may be announced:
Ad. whereas; while the great body of the Whigs every
whel thus patriotically declare their determination to sur-
render personal predilections, local pride, and every feeling
which could lead to disunion, in order to make certain the
election of a President of pure principles, this Convention
confidpntly trusts that these beautiful and cheering exam-
ples, Oven by the People themselves, will not he lost upon
those ho aspire after their suffrages; but that they also,
one a4-dall, will make known that they are more anxious
to effect a reform in the administration of the Government
than t gratify personal ambition:
An whereas, to: secure the object of the Democratic
Whig arty, and concentrate its vote throughout the Union,
they are elected delegates to a National Convention which
is to met at Harrisburg in December next, to select a can-
didate, one candidate for the office of President of the
And whereas, to concentrate the votes of the party re-
presented in ruminating committees and conv gli ons. t-
has Ion bgaths .aa- ---.tb '='pip"tuar" orf a
-.i-aTTeng ;),all parties in the tate of Pennsylvania not to
permit the name of any individual to ocatrpy a place on the
list of candidates for a nomination to office wh.ia not
pledged to abide the issue of the ballot, and decline to be a
candidate if he shall not.be the personrselected by the re-
presentatives of the party to whom lls claims, services,
and qualifications have been submitted; wherefore, be it,
and it hereby is
resolved, That it be strenuously reqpmmended to the
National Democratec Whifg Convention, which is to as-
semble at Harrisburg in December next, to consider no
man's name before their body for nomination as a candi-
date for the office of President of the United States who
shall not be pledged to withdraw it and decline a poll if his
name shall not be the name selected as that of the candi-
date of the party.
Resolved, That it is respectfully, yet with all earnest-
ness, recommended to the National Convention, when they
shall have selected the candidate of the party for the office
of President of the United States, to pledge themselves, in
an address to the People of the United States, signed with
the name of every member, that they will with all zeal and
in good faith support the candidate selected.
Resolved, as the unanimous opinion of this Convention,
That, with frankness and in good faith, its members pledge
themselves to support, by all honorable means, the .candi-
date who shall be selected by the National Convention.
SHIP NEWS-PoRT OF ALEXANDRIA.
ARRIVED, JUNE 20.
Brig Columbia, Dexter, 6 days from .Charleston; rice, floor-
ing boards, and sundries to Wm. Fowle & Son..
Several.craft, with usual cargoes, for the District.
Schooner Mary Patton cleared at New York for this poit
11 The Rev. Walter Colton will preach in Bridge
Street Church, Georgetown, next Sabbath at.halfafter 4 o'clock.
P. M. une 22
MEATS, MEDICINES, AND WOOD.-AN-
WASHINGTON ASYLUM, FRIDAY, JUNE 21, 1839.
ROPOSALS will. be received until Friday, the 12thb
July, for supplying all the Fresh and Salt Beef, with'
the privilege of selectionon ce a week by the Intendant ofother
meats, that may be required for the.use of this .Institution-for
one year ensuing; allthe said meats to beofgood and-approved
quality, and to be delivered by th-e contractor at the Asylum, on
receiving from the Intendant due notice of its being required.
SProposils will also be-received until Friday;,12th July, for
supplying all the Medicines that may be required for.the, use
of this Institution for one year ensuing. Persons desirous of
offering to furnish the same are referred to the Physician at the
Asylum for a'list of the articles vhlich will probably be-required.
The medicines to be of. the best quality, ind to -be delivered in
such quantities as may be required by the Physician.
Proposals will also be received until the first Friday in Augusf.
next, for furnishing and deli-vering atthe Asylum, by the 1st day
of October next, 100 cords best quality red or-black. Oak.
Wood, and 50 cords Pine Wood, to.be there corded, inspect-
ed, and measured, subject to the approval of.the Guardians,
All proposals to furnish the above Meats and Medicines will-
be sent to the Asylum, and lodged with the Intendant, on or,
before Friday, the 12i.h July, when the Board of Guardians
will act on them, and for the Wood until the first Friday in
August next. june 22-2a-a3t
N OTICE.-The members of the Society of Operative
Stones Masons of the District of Columbia are informed
that their meeting will take place on Wednesday, June 26th,
at ha:f past o'clock P. M. at Mr. Thomas Magnier's Tavern,
Louisiana avenue, one door from 7th street, and opposite the
Bank of Washington ; at which time and place -members are
requested to attend; and strangers of the. above business are
invited- By order
MICHAEL JOYCE, Secretary.
lf The. Alexandria Gazette and Georgetown Potomac Ad-
vocate will please insert the above three times, and charge this
office. june 22-3t -
TO CONTRACrORS FOR EXCkVATION AND
P ROPOSALS will be received, on the 1lth proximo, at the
Engineer's office in Reading, Pa., for the remainder of
the roadway formation (with the exception of a few :ight sec-
tions) vet to be contracted for, between Reading and Pottsville.
Plans and profiles of the sections to.be let will be exhibited af-
ter the 6th of July, at Reading, and any further information.
which may be desired will be' furnished on application to the
assistant engineers on the line,.or to the undersigned at Read-
ing. WRT ROBINSON,
june 21-tl0July Acting Engineer.
kA, d SECOND PLEASURE EXCURSION.
r"g ed- Steamer COLUMBIA will leave Foulkes's
wharf on Wednesday, June 26, at 4 o'clock P. M., on a Plea-.
sure Excursion down the river, and return at 10 o'clock at night
Passage 50 cents-Children half price.
Supper will be provided at 25 cents.
There will be Music on board for Dancing.
Passengers will have an opportunity of testing Mr. Raub's
Double-acting Safety Valve, which is attached to the Colum-
bia's boiler, and which is a complete preventive cfbursting boilers
from scarcity of wat-r, which is the cause of nine-tenths*of the
explosions. JAMES MITCHELL,
June 22-eo3t Master.
VALUABLE. LOT ON. 11TH STREET at.
private'lsale.-Part of Lot-No. 6, square No. 348, front-
ing 23 feet on 11th street by 80 feet deep. This lot is hnme-
diately in the rearof Messrs. Ricard & Gibbs's dry goods.store,
a very short-distance from Pennsylvania avenue, and is a very
There are some small tenements on the same, which can be
sold with the lot. .
For terms, &c. inquire of EDW.DYER,
june 22-3tif Auctioneer.
ALE OF VEGETABLE STALLSj THE-
S CENTRE AND OTHER MARKE'We SlTIlS
IN THE CITY OF WASH.INQTON.-On Saturday,
the 6th day of July, I shall- sell, by order, all the Vegetable.
Stalls in the Centre Market-house. Sale to commence: at 9
o'clock A. M. ANl -
monday, the 84 July, all the Vegetable Stal-ls in the
'" R ifarket-house. Sale to commence at 7 o'clock A. M.
Anid -...Wednesday, the 10th July, all the Vegetable Stalls
in the Navy Yard or Eastern Branch Market-house. Sale
to commence at 74.'clock A. M.
.-'Perwaot~tsh, to be paid immediately after the sale.
june 22-eo&ds Auct:oneer.
F O.R RENT.-An excellent two-story brick dwelling-
house, with basement and out-buildings, situated on Mis-
souiri Avenue, near 4 street, late the residence of John Dix,
deceased. Immnediate possession can be had, For terms in--
quire of Christopher Cammack, F street, or of
JOHN C. McKELDEN,
june 22-eo3t 7th street.
VALUABLE AND EXTENSIVE PROPER-
TY FOR SALE.-The subscriber offers for sale her
valuable real estate in Monongalia and Harrison counties,
Virginia, on the Tygart Valley river, 22 miles above Morgan-
town, and 87 by land from Pittsburg, Pa., consisting of about
6,000 acres of land, including the celebrated Great -Valley .
Falls. The lands bound the Valley river on both sides for
nearly 12 miles above the Falls, and 1 miles below the upper
Falls, and are covered with white oak and poplar timber of a -
quality and quantity probably not surpassed, if equalled, by any .
in the United States. Inexhaustible beds of Stone Coal, con-
sisting of three strata, one of which is nine feet thick, and an
abundance of the best quality of. Iron Ore, which can be pro-
cured and conveyed with less expense than probably from any
oiher land in the States. The iron ore can be loaded in boats
two per cent. more.
W. L. MACKENZImE'S
trial is about to com-
mence at Canandaigua. Thirty-one gentlemen
Sof Rochester have sent him $50 to-help-to de-
fray the.expenses of.the suit. The indictment..
against Mackenzie contains.seventeen counts,
and charges him with setting on foot, and pre-
paring the means for,- an expedition against
the dominions of Qu.een: VIcoRIA, &c., The
punishment ordered by -Congress, if a verdict is
obtained, is three. years' imprisonment, .and se-.
veral thousand dollars'fine.
The-appointment of Et, M.OORE, ex-,mem--
ber of Congress, to'the office of Surveyor' of this
Port, in place ot HECTOR CRAfG, goes down
hard. It is repugnant-to tho ivishes of a large
majority of the People.
Mr. VAN'BUREN, in a.quasi ,' by authority"
letter, to-day published in the Post, states, in
-substance, that he. intend to.be- here about the-
.lt, of July, that. he 'travels by private convey-
ance from Washington, and' that'he hopes his
friends will receive him with as little formality
as-possible. He adds that he shall partake of
no public dinners. -
The Noa .Scotians are seizing more U. S.
fishermen. Two schooners have been brought
into Guysboro-',. (N. S.) and three into Yar-
mouth, (N. S.) These- seizures are creating a
good deal of anxiety,eastward;
The accounts of the prospect for the crops
in New .York and New England are nearly all
go.od.. Nature promises abundance every where-
.--at present. -.
.. NE.W YORK, JUNE 20.
The- promised- appearance of Mr. VAN BUREN
before the New York Public creates some atten.-
tion here, b.ut .the reception- he will have-is-far
different from that he would have had prior to
his Message of the Extra Session, or without ad-
ding to that. the obnoxious appointment of.ELY
MOORE. -It is very true he will have.about him
the party, the Custom House, the Post Office,
the Stateoffmicers holding-over, the Locofocos of
the city, but it will be a party affair from beg-in~
ning to end, a party reception, a party welcome
of a party chief. When Mr. VAN BUREN re-
ceived the vote of New York.for the Presidency,
it was a cheerful vote to- a New Yorkirin.the
-belief that he would regard the interests of the
country, and of-course .New York, whose inte-
rest is that of the country. '-The 'friends of Mr.
VA~N BUREN t hep.At.rie men of whose support it
-was' north the while-to t upon, men. who,
in fact, made him in New York, and madelhim
what he.was oiut. The war upon the currency,
the promulgation of the sub-Treasury, the r-e-
jection of them for the adoption of the Locofocos
ofthe Park, alienated them, and they are not now
his friends. The appointment of ELY MooRE
over Mr. CRAIG will- draw- to them. the
party .and the State, has- alienated theni more,
for they see in it that, in consulting even the
good of the party,. he .consults not. the good
portion of it. The appointment- of Mr..
MOORE, though in itself obnoxious,- i not
so obnoxious as the 'triumph.of the means that.
effected it. The old. Tamamany me nrallied-to
stop it. -.They were defeated, and they are mor-
tified. 1 hey plead the fact that Mr. CRAIG Was
one of Mir. VAN BUREN'S earliest supporters,
and that Mr. MOORE but little -while agb was ar-
dent in the cause of Mr. CLAY; but they- plead
in vain, and they think they read in Mr. VAN
BUREN'S conclusion .a great sacrifice of com-
mon grabtitde. .
When Mr. VAN BUREN comes to'New York
he will see the difference in feeling that now
prevailswhlen compared with the time he first'
went to Washington. He will not bewelcom-
ed, as Gen. -JACKSON was, bly a city, but by a
part of -a party of a city. Crowds will visit him,
and crowds visit -HAMBLIN or WALLACK at the
Theatre. Guns will be fired, and powder is
cheap. The multitude will huzza, and so they
do at a caucus--but the welcome-T tHEu WEL-
COME a public man .feels proud of, New York.
will not give. He will be.treated well.-. People
will shake hands with. him, and that is-all, and
all.this means nothing at all. -
In business matters all is dull, .andalnmoit
doleful, in the city. Stocks fall eveiryday,- and
are lower to-day than yesterday from -'to 1 per
cent. The Liverpool steamer to day is a week
out of Liverpool, and but little- will be done be-
fore, she reaches this city, which will probably
be a ieek from to-day or to-morrow. It is well
enough to remark that the pressure which, now
embarrasses the business of the city is confined
mostly to the flour and cotton merchants. The
grocers and dry-goods merchants are doing as
good a business as is usual at thi s season of the
year. The banks continue to discount- with
great caution, and mostly on short paper.
sales This Day.
A SUPERIOR Young Milch Cow, withafinee-
male-Calf, will be sold this morning, in front of Lloyd's,
at 8id o'clock. A person about to leave sells her.
iune 22 A..-McINTIRE, Auctioneer.
A AUCTION/ -NOTICE--THIS AFTERNOON.,
SSALE OF HANDSOME ARTICLES OEL
FURNITURE, without reserve.-At 5- o'clock this
afternoon, I shall sell, without reserve, for.cash, alot of house-
hold furniture, amongst which are some handsome and costly:
pieces, to be sold on account of whom it may concern:
1 ve:y superiorhair-seat sofa, very commodious,' can be made
into a bedstead, with extra bolsters, &c. -
i elegant sideboard, with mirror back, &c.
NEW YORK, JUNE 19.
There is but little news in or out. of.Wall
street. The money market there .continues in
a feverish state. Stocks to-day have slightly
advanced, but Vic4sburg bank has gone down
Mr. PENROSE moved to amend the same by striking out
all after the words selection of a candidate," and inserting
.theiPreamble and Resolutions before submitted by him;
-w-hich, after debate, was negatived : Yeas 22, nays 52.
Mr. DICKEY, of Beaver, then moved to.amend by striking
out the name of HENRY CLAY wherever it occurs, and in-
serting the name of WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON; which, af-
ter debate, was negatived by'the following vote: Yeas 20,
The report of the committee and resolutions were then
Mr. PENROSE then presented a protest signed by himself
and Messrs. Dickey, Monroe, Etter, Myers, J. D..Clark,
M'Conaughy, Kauffelt, Win. Clark, Jordan, M'Keehan,
Morton, Sprott, Fore, Butler, Fisher, and Geddes, friends
of WM. H. HARRISON, who withdrew from the Convention;
the protest was laid on the table.
The Chair appointed the following named gentlemen on
the Central State Committee of Correspondence:
J. P. Wetherill, Joseph R. Ingersoll, John Binns, N.
Sargent, John E. Keen, Joseph G. Clarkson, Philadelphia
city and county; Townsend Haines, West Chester;
Charles Brook, Jr. Lancaster; Wm. J. Keehm, Reading;
Henry Drinker, Susquehanna ; Thomas G. McCulloh and
Jasper E. Brady, Chambersburg; Robert McGuigan,
Northumberland; Thomas Bakewell, Pittsburg; and Gen.
John Dick, Mercer. .
Convention then adjourned to meet at 4 o'clock.
1 FRIDAY EVENING.
Mr. POWER, for himself and Mr. Hay, delegates from
Crawford, announced their intention respectfully to with-
draw from the Convention, which they did.
Mr. CATHCART, from York, then stated that though he
was himself friendly to Mr. CLAY, yet, from the instruc-
tions he had received to recommend Gen. HARRISON, and
assigning that as a reason in a written communication, he
asked leave to withdraw ; which wasgranted, and the com-
munication laid on the table.
Mr. N. SARGENT, from the committee appointed for that
purpose, reported an address; which was read, and, on mo-
tion, unanimously adopted.
The Convention then proceeded to the nomination of
Senatorial Delegates to the National Convention, to as-
semble in Harrisburg in December next, and unanimous-
ly elected the following gentlemen as such Delegates:
out of the banks and the bed of the river, and conveyed to any
point desired. On this estate are several improved "farms,
which are now cultivated on shares, the produce of which,
is used by the workmen and their fdmilie- at the'Falls, as also
for the support of the teams at the mill, d&c.
The improvements at the Falls are: A Canal, cut out ofa solid
rock, 150 yards long, 20 feet wide and 4 feet deep, making a
water power inferior to none in the United States, and superior
to any in the Western Country-there being a perpendicular
fall of 22 feet, and a constant supply of water the year round,
sufficient to drive at least 24 pair of mill-burrs, with their ne-
cessary machinery. Also, a Railroad 11 miles in length, ex-.
tending from the pool above the falls to the pool below the rai-
pids, at the head ofnavigation. One Saw-mill, in fist rate or-
der, 80 feet long and 30 feet wide ; 2 sets of saws, 1 butting-
saw, and all the necessary fixtures for sawing steamboat tim-
ber, and all other kinds suitable for the neighborhood and the
lower trade.. Eight Dwelling-houses, Store-house, and Black-
These lands secure all the valuable water-power extending
from the upper falls to the foot of the rapids, there being. 100
feet of fall in a distance of 1 miles. The Valley river is 150
yards wide about the falls, and is nearly a slack-water naviga-
tion for 12 miles up, and a good down river navigation from the
railroad to Pittsburg, boats and iafts now running out with every
About 33 acres ofland of this estate are situated 12 miles be-
low the falls, and were purchased particularly for a steamboat
yard and the building of other bouts, there being an eddy of 2
of a mile long, very deep at all stages of water, and known as
the celebrated Morgan Eddy .
It has recently been discovered that these lands contain m.a-
ny valuable minerals; such, in addition to the above enumerat-
ed, as Lead, Copper, Silver, and Chrome, specimens of which
can be seen at the residence of the subscriber, which, by a
course of analyzation, may prove to be extremely important.
It is expected that the State of Virginia will improve the navi-
gation down to the Pennsylvania line, to connect with the itn-
provetnents now in progress by the Monongahela Navigation
Company. The Virginia State Engineer is now reviewing the
Valley river fur the purpose of ascertaining the practicability
and the whole cost of the same.
To companies desirous of embarking in the coal, lumber, iron,
and mining business, this is far the most healthy and desirable
situation in the Western country, or perhaps in the United States,
surrounded by the most fertile lands in Western Virginia, at the
head of a navigation of more than two thousand miles in extent.
The Northwestern Turnpike of Virginia passes through these
lands five miles above the falls, leading from Winchester to
Parkercburg, on the Ohio river. The Middletori ad Wheel-
ing Turnpike, locating from the Northwestern Turnpike at the
Tygart's Valley River Bridge to Wheeling, passes down the
river directly past the falls. The quality ard abundance "of
stone coal, iron ore, and other minerals, and quantity and qual-
ity of timber, together with the superior natural advantages 'for
manufacturing the same, are inducements sufficient to encou-
rage capitalists to purchase, and make one of the most profita-
Resolved, That the principles detailed, and the course
of conduct set.forth, in this preamble and resolutions, will
make absolutely certain the election of the candidate who
- shall be nominated at Harrisburg, thus finally and signally
overthrowing and ousting from office the men who have so
much abused the public confidence, endeavoreis to corrupt
the public mind and the public press, and dishonorers of
the country, by the appointment of unworthy agents in
Resolved, That the President of this Convention be, and
he hereby is, requested to take the earliest opportunity of
causing this preamble and resolutions to be placed in the
hands of the President of the National Convention, with a
request that he will lay them before that assembly.
Resolved, That this Convention recommend to the De-
mocratic Whig citizens of the different Congressional Dis-
tricts, who have not already elected delegates to a National
Convention to meet at Harrisburg in December next, to
choose such delegates.
It was, also,
Resolved, That the Central Committee be authorized to
fill any vacancy that may occur in the Senatorial delegates
to the nationall Convention, and, also, any vacancy that
may occur in said committee.
GEORGE CHAMBERS, President.
JOHN PRICE WETHERILL, Vice Presidents.
GIDEON T. PALMER,
ROBERT M. RIDDLE,
HENRY D. MAXWELL, Secretaries.
THOMAS W. DUFFIELD. JR.
CRABB & COCHRAN,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,.
Practise in the Federal Court at Tuscaloosa, and in the State
Courts in that and the adjacent counties,
GEORGE W. CRABB.
WILLIAM COCHRAN. june 22-6m
F OR RENT, possession given the first of September
next, the Good Luck Post Office Establishment, which
is, beyond doubt, one of the best country stands in Maryland.
Address the subscriber, at Good Luck, Prince George's coun-
june 22-cptf GEO. W. DUVALL.
f HWO HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.-
Ran away from Willow Brook, the residence of the late
Daniel Clarke, on or about the 9th day of June, negro JOHN,
about 40 years of age. John is remarkably black, but has a
pleasant countenance; he stoops, and is rather slender than
corpulent. His clothing is not recollected.
:New- York, June 15, 1839.
AN APOLOGYY....THE-TOWV cGOINO OUT OF I'OWN....THE WEATH-
ER...ESPY, HE STORM -MAKER...THEATRICAL GOSSIP...LLEN
TREH'S LEAVE-TAKING. ....EPE8 SARGENT'S POETIdAL. AD-
bRES8....tLTE'RARY GuBsIP...GROWING A PARAGRAPH....MORE
ABOUT S SIDNEY CLIFTON"..,.THE AUTHOR DISCOVERED.
Circumstances have prevented me from sending you a
letter aince the 6th, the. date of my last ; and I hasten to
improve the first opportunity that has been afforded me tg
renew my correspondence with your readers.
The town" are all going out of town daily, and the ef-
fect of this grand summer movement is already discernible
in our street; and in our public hotels.. The former are be-
coming every day more and nmre empty, arid the latter are
thronged fuller and fuller, by these tourists who are taking
New York in their, way to Saratoga, Lake George, Tren-
ton Falls, Niagara, and Canada i or who, from the North.
and East, are 'bending their steps towards the Springs of
Virginia. Yet we have had but very little of that kind of
weather which invites the denizen of the town to enjoy the
superior pleasures of-the' country.
Professor EsPY, the great "cloud-compeller,'" is here,
and is lecturing, upon his new crotchet at Stuyvesanit
Institute. What. effect the presence ;of' one so sage in
weather-wisdom, and so potential in wealttermanagement
may be having in producing this un-JuAe-like state of the.
atmosphere, I know not; but this I may say, that the Pr6-
fessor is producing quite a strong impression of the truth
of his theories upon the minds of the Gothamites. I see
but little, at the first glance, to enforce scepticism upon the
find inclined tddoubt, in the pretence set up by this learn-
ed Doctor, as to his power over the winds and clouds, ex-
cepting, pethapsi that his showers would require too much
combustion for their production. It woulh be rather a dear
kind of rain which is to be procured only by the conflagra-
tion of the more considerable portion of the surface of soil
up6n whichthe shower is tobemade to fall; and yet (im-
perfectly, it is true, as I at present understand his plan,) it
strikes me that at some such expense as this alone are the
learned lecturer's pluvious visitations to be superinduced.
Phrenology and Mr. COMBs, Animal Magnetism and Col.
STONE, Artificial Storms and Professor E~PY, have all their
believers and disciples, however, in this most impressible
city of ours and are all equally productive ofamusement,
conversation, and speculation, if not, indeed, of practical
instruction and improvement, to the ever-moving mass of
our busy population.
The Great f"Western has sailed again since my last, car-
rying out her usual complement of passengers. There are
well-founded rumors afloat that some more Swartwouting
occurred upon. this occasion--some sub-Treasury people
having taken passage in the Grea.t Western for "the other
side." I am not able to verify or to contradict the report
-that Col. W BBn, of the Coirier, was one of the passengers
on this trip. "WALLCK,'themanagerof the National The-
atrey,wasone of the number. He goes to complete his ar-
rangements forth coming season.
ELLEI TREEs hastaken leave (I fear forever) of the Ame-
ricarrstage, The Park Theatre was crowded last night to
an overflow, plee her in Beatrice. Atthe end of the play
she came before the curtain, and spoke the following fare-
well addrepv, written for her b., EPES SARGENT, Esq. the
talented author of Velasco TheGenoese," &c.
1 M88 TREE'S FAREWELL, AelaRIS. .
SThe curtain fales-close tlhe drama's page;
"Why lingers BEATRICE, *1 the stage
'Away, illusion all is real here,
The sigh is faithful, and the-grief sincere.
-No mimic passion, no pretended wo,
Into my lips their borrowed ardor throw;
Should'utterance tremble-should the tear-drop start,
Oh do not doubt its fount is in the heart.
;Friends.! I have proved you. Three swift years have past
Since on your shores a pilgrim I was cast;
.. 'And if some anxious fears were mine at first,
How on my soul your liberal welcome burst I
'Y-e cheered my steps-ye took me by the hand-
-I was no more a stranger in the land !I
'. A stranger-why Onrtevery side Iheard
.'My native accents io each spoken word';.
And all the greetings which my toil beguiled
Were from thhe Well of Eiglish undefiled."
The mighby'ooet, whose creation bright,
"''.With re.vyrenee, I've personified to-night,
Did Inot find his memory and his strains
Here as familiar as on Stratford's plains 7
Your.siaes; and his co-patriots were the same,:
' And do ye not, with us, partake his fame? -
Ah! as the loiterer by som'e.pleasant way,
Though Duty cry "begoie !'" would fain delay,
Review the prospect beautiful-retrace
E`clh glimpse of sunshine, each peculiar grace ;
So would linger, so-would I forget
It is)',Iasl o pan, that wekhave met.
SYet, ere I go, desponding Memory-asks,
la this the last of my too htappyr tasks? -
ShallI no more a scene like this behold,
Nor tread these boards. iin youir appror-al bold?
Too strong the chance that it must e'e.tl be so;
1 Fate replies "ay! .' but, ah I'H.ope whispers '"no !"
'And yet, though mute .he voice, though past the scene,
Though temnpests reir, and oceans.stretchr between,
"Whiatever hues imayi mark my'future lot,
:Still let me dream I amaot all forgot,.
'that Shakspeare's fair abstractions may restore
\'A thought of her who once their honor s.bore-;
--That Talfurd's pages, Knowles's tragic ,prt,
Sjme memory of the actressmay impart-. ,
A Fook, a tone, a not ungrateful smile,
Let me believe, though vain it be the while.'
But the night hasteni, and the time draws near;
Why do I still, superfluous, linger here?
: Ah never yet so'diffienlt a part
Tasked all my powers, and filled my beating Ieart;
I cannot speak the thoughts my soul that swell -
SI con, but say, Friends! Kindred! fare you well!
The Park is now in the ascendant once more. The,
National closes its doors in one week, to reopen then (pro-
-:ably with CHARLES KAN) on the 19th of August. So
far as we learn any thing of th' arrangements of the rival
houses for the next season, the National seems to habe the'
best of. it ..CHARLES KEAN, FORREST, VANDENHOFF and
daughter, ALF.XANDRE, SHIRRFP, WILSON, and SEqUIN
are certainly' a strong array., BRowN is here, and has been
triumphantly refuting some. calumnioqs attacks recently
made upon hirn hy'a portion of the press, at the instigation
of certain money-extorters, envious:of his growing literary
reputation and professional success. -Miss TREE leaves
America in July. It is now rumored that MAcREADY may
be induced to come out for the next-season. If he should
comejhe il pl&y at the parke N vLo's Garden is a place
of much resort, where they have the RAVE, family playing
their a'ntics,aind a troupe of vocalists, with Mrs. SEGUINas
prima donna. The town isfitl of people of the histrionic
In, literature there is little new\ INGRAHAW has a
work, forthoomigg from 1HARPR's, and'ianother from LEA
& BLiNCHIARD' press. COI.MAN has published the otwo'
Spring Books of which Ihave already told you something
The Magazines and Weeklies are, as lsual, spirited and
Xrich in the merits apd variety of their contentss.
Ata-d apropos of literature. I was so unfortunate, -a
few weeksr ago, 'aiL t blend the fact that HARPER was
about to. publish a novel for FAY. with the other fact that
the same house w aas ajso about to publish. a novel call,
ed Sidney Clifton. With more pungency, it seemed to
On which the Madisonian remarks: This.gossiper is
Wide of the mark-; Mr. FiY is not the author," &c.
Then thus rejoins Col. STONE, of the Commercial: So
much might any one guess, who knew that the title of Mr.
FAY'S forthcoming novel is The Comtesse Ida. But'who
is the author of Sidney Clifton? Tell uts that, Mr. Ma-
disonian, and we will give you credit for knowing some-
Next comes Major NOAH, who says:" We could tell
'the Commnercial who wrote Sidney Clifton, but we won't.
We think, however, we may venture to say, without vi-'
-'olating any's`ipulated cognomen, that it is from the pen
'-ofa gentleman of this city, well known in Wall street;
who, notwithstanding his numerous avocations as a man
'of business, has found time sufficient to write a work of
'fiction, of which those who have read itspeak in the high-
'est terms.' We have long known the.authot as a grace-
'ful and flowing writer, and a poet of the first order. We
do not mean, however, to tell his name, or to insinuate
'that Sidney Clifton is by either PROSPER M. WETMORE,
'GORHAM A. WORTH, FITZ-GREENE HALLECK, or JACOB
HARVEY. The reader is at liberty to name any other
'cleverman about town he may think proper."
Well, now, turn about is fair play;" and so, without
waiting to see what reply the Madisonian will make to the
question of the Commercial, your correspondent, who ori-
ginally "-set this ball in motion," will take upon himself to
end the matter by answering the challenge of the Star.
The author of Sidney Clifton is GEORGE D. STRONG, Esq.
of this city.
Who speaks next ? J.
RANCIS C. MOORE, LLOYD MORTON,
SETH C. SHERMAN, Illinois Land and
General Agency.-MOORE, MORTON & CO. continue
the agency office of John Tillson, jr. and Tillson, Moore & Co.
at Quincy, Adams county, Illinois. They offer their services
tothe Public in the transaction of any business connected with
lands in Illinois, such as paying taxes, recording title papers,
redeeming landssold at tax sales, buying and selling on com-
mission, investigating titles, &c. Long experience and the va-
rious sources of information which have. been accumulating in
their office since the first organization of the State Government,
afford them every requisite facility to execute orders accurate-
ly and without delay.
They also attend to the collection of notes and merchants'
accounts: their business connexions in the Eastern cities will
enable them to remit promptly and on favorable terms.
John Tillson, jr. Agent of the Illinois Land Company, Quin-
.Iori. Nehemiah Eastman, Farmington, N. H.
Dr. Benjamin Shurtleff, Boston, Massachusetts.
Josfah Marshall, Esq. do do
Southworth Shaw, jr. Esq. do do
J6seph D. Beers, Esq. New York city.
Moses Allen, Esq. do
Mesars. Nevins & Townsend, do
Stephen B. Munn, Esq. do
Samuel Wiggins, Esq. Cincinnati, Ohio.
Messrs. J. & J. Townsend, Albany, New York.
George B. Hohnes, Esq. Providence, Rhode Island.
Hezekiah H. Reed, Esq. Montpelier, Vermont.
Nathan B. Haswell, Esq..Burlington, Vermont.
Arneas Morison, Esq. New Haven, Connecticut.
Romulus Riggs, Esq. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Lemuel Lamb, Esq. do do
Samuel Iarden, Esq. Baltimore, Maryland.
Messrs. Tiffahy, Duvall& Co. do do
Meshrs. S. L. Fowler & Brothers, do
Richard Smith, Esq. Raleigh, North Carolina.
Messrs. J. B. Danforth & Co. Louisville, Kentucky.
Wilson P. Hunt, Esq. St. Louis, Missouri.
Messrs. Van Phul & McGill do do
Messrs. C. J. Fowler & Co. Washington City.
His Excellency Thomas Carlin, Governor of the State of
John D. Whitesides, Esq. Treasurer of the State of Illinois,
Levi Davis, Esq. Auditor of the Public Accounts, Springfield,
!llinois .: .
Hon. Richard M. Young, United States Senator, Quincy,
-- Thomaae ather, Esq. President of the State Bank of Illi-
noiW priW1i91 ap 16-cp6m
CHAS. I. CONSTABLE,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
Mount Carmel, Illinm ,
"W'-ILL attend to any business entrust- to his care in the
counties of White, Ed wards, Wabash,iLawre nce, Wayne
Clark, Crawford, Edgar, Vermilion, Coles, and Clay. _--.
Thos. S. Hinde, Esq.
J. Beall, Esq. Mount Carmel, Illthois.
Wmi. T. Page, Esq. jan 22--c y 9'
LAW PARHTNEK ltaiP.
PKYTON, YERGERS & PIERCE
Balie Peyton, George S. Yerger,
Thomas N. Pierce, Jacob Yerger,
At New Orleans. At Vicksburg, Misa.
BUSINESS in either the State of Louisiana or State of Mis-
sissippi entrusted to their care will be promptly and strictly at-
ended to. sept 17-ly
P UBLIC AL E.-The undersigned, in virtue of a pow-
er of attorney, will offer at public sale, on the premises,
at the hour .of twelve o'clock M. on Friday, the 28th day of
June, if fair, if not, the next fair day thereafter, the following
tracts or parcels of Land, situated in Montgomery county, call-
ed Charles and William and Fenwick; also, Charles and Wil-
liam and Hills and Dales; also that tract or parcel of land pur-
chased bythe late Henry Clark, sen. of Thomas Rhodes, and
devised'by the said Clark to Henry Clark, jr. and others.
This property adjoins the land of Hanson Clark ; is situated
on the public road leading from Bladensburg to Kockville, about
six miles distant from the former place, and eight from Wash-
ington'city. Said land is supposed to contain about 240 acres.
There is a comfortable frame dwelling situated thereon. The
land is highly susceptible of improvement, well watered and
timbered, and a good meadow might be made on the same.
Henry Clark is now in possession of the property, upon ap-
plication to whom, or to the undersigned, at Bladensburg, Ma-
ryland, the same can be shown.
The terms of sale arer-$200 in cash, and the balance upon a
credit of. one, two, and three years, the purchaser giving bond,
with good security, bearing interest from the'day oale. Up-
on payment of the purchase money, the undersigded aie author.
.rized to convey the property to the purchaser by a good and suf-
ficient title. N. C. STEPHEN.
june 15-2aw2wcp2td D. C. DIGGES.
LAND FOR SALE.-The subscriber, wishing to re-
4 move to the West, offers for sale a desirable farm on
which he now resides, situated in Prince George's county,
Maryland, about four miles north of Bladensburg, and one mile
west of the railroad leading from Washington city to Baltimore,
if .being part ot a tract called Swowden's Discovery and part
of Friendship, containing together 1881 acres, more or less, of
god and improvable soil, adapted to the growth of corn, tobac-
co, wheat, rye, and oats, with a sufficiency of wood and tim-
her, a promising young orchard of apple and other 'fruit trees
now, in full bearing, and one hundred apple trees planted out this
Spring; there is on the above premises a new and convenient
dwelling-house, one story and a half high, two rooms and a pass-
age below and two rooms above, together with.kitchen, corn-
hbuse, smoke-house, stabls, tobacco house, thrashing-house,
dairy, arid an excellent spring of water within one hundred yards
of the dwelling, and other necessary outhouses.
Also, part of a tract called Clover Farms, within half a mile
of the above tract,,containing 185 acres, more or less, on which
there are a sufficiency of wood and timber, from 12 to 15 acres
of meadow land, amad one tobacco house. It is deemed unneces-
sary'to give more minute description of the above property, as
those disposed to purchase will of course view for themselves.
The terms of sale will be made known on application to the
june 10-2awlm JOHN B. BEALL.
VALUABLE PROPERTY FOR SALtE IN
ARKANSAS.-3,000 acres of Cotton Land, and 100
This estate lies in Phillips county, in the State of Arkansas,
and is situated in Walnut bend, on the Mississippi river, twen-
ty-five miles above the town of Helena-said tobe the highest
river land in that region of country. It was upon this land that
the neighbors around drove their cattle to get food, and to save
them from the high waters of the year 1828. There are six
hundred acres cleared, and a portion of it has been cultivated
in corn two years, which has put it in excellent condition for
cotton the present year; for the growth of which the soil is
peculiarly well adapted. The improvements are,an Overseer's
house, a first rate Horse Mill, and fifteen good quarters for ser-
vants. The clearing on the rest of the land is far easier, (the
worst having been gone through,) being less timbered, and most
of that Ash,'which is rendered very valuable for its ready sale
at a well-located wool-yhrd, where several thousand cords may
be sold during the year. The Negroes were settled on the lanr-
in the autumn of 1836, and are now considered acclimated.
CHESAPEAKE AND OHIO CANAL.
ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT
Of the President and Directors of the Chesapeak
and Ohio Canal Company to the Stockholders.
MADE JUNE 3, 1839.
It was confidently believed by the President and Direc
tors, when the last annual report was made to the stock
holders, that, at least for the ensuing year, they would, in
a great measure, be relieved from a recurrence of the trials
and embarrassments which had beset them for several pre-
ceding years; but those anticipations were not realized
and they have with great difficulty been- enabled to prose.
cute the works under contract without any reduction ofth(
labor employed on them.
The history of the internal improvements of this coun-
try, it is believed, will furnish no instance of any great pub-
lic work which, in its prosecution, has contended with more
difficulties than has the Chesapeake and Ohio canal, from
its commencement to the present day. Had the means for
its vigorous prosecution been supplied as the wants of the
company required them, the canal would long since have
been completed to Cumberland, and would now be yield-
ing to the stockholders a satisfactory dividend on their in-
vestments. The cost, too, of its construction, would have
been less by probably 25 or 30 per cent. as we should not
have been subjected to the same competition for labor, or to
the high price it has commanded for the last two or three
Although, by legislative enactments of the State of Ma-
ryland, provision has been made for the prosecution of the
work, and the conditions, however onerous, have been ac-
cepted by the company, yet have the means intended for
this purpose been so long withheld from us as to restrict
our operations, delay the work, and frequently to drive us
to the very point of suspension. Such was the case in re-
gard to the subscription of $3,000,000 on the part of the
State, authorized by an act passed in June, 1836. Nearly
two years elapsed before. her bonds, to the amount of only
$2,500,000, were placed at our disposal; and not even then,
until questions had been agitated in the Legislature, af-
fecting the obligations of the State under her subscription,
and the validity of the contract with the company for the
sale of her bonds. These movements, and the long delay
in rendering the subscription at all available, were well cal-
culated to retard the prosecution of the work, and to in-
crease the difficulties of the company, which were then, as
they have been since, greatly aggravated by legislative in-
vestigations into the affairs of the company, producing no
other results than, for the time, to createdistrust in the pub-
lic mind, injuriously to affect the credit of the company,
and often to defeat every effort to negotiate for means to
pay our contractors and laborers.
A short time before the last annual meeting of the stock-
holders, we obtained possession of the State bonds, and
were flattered with the hope of disposing of them in the
European market, at a loss of not more than 5 percent. on
the price we had contracted to pay to the State, of 20 per
cent. premium. We instructed our agent, Mr. Peabody,
accordingly; but were soon informed by him that the bonds
were not in a saleable form, and could not be disposed of
but at a greater sacrifice than we were willing to incur;
at the same time advising us to apply to the Legislature
for a substitution of 5 per cent. sterling bonds for the 6 per
cents we had received, and, in the mean time, to effect
loans on hypothecation.of the bonds. We adopted the ad-
vice of Mr. Peabody, and for the last twelve months have
relied entirely on loans. BuLthe embarrassments of thb
money markets, both in England and this country, within
that time, could not be foreseen; and we have consequent-
ly experienced great difficulty in making negotiations, anl,
indeed, at times, have found itiimpossible to borrow money
on the best securities. "On this, and other subjects of ia-
terest to the stockholders, the president of the company
made a communication to the Governor of Maryland, whbh
he laid before the Legislature at its last session. It isdeen-
ed proper that it be appended to this report, for the iqir-
mation of the stockholders. The report, also, of the 4ief
engineer, Mr. Fisk, accompanying his revised estimate of
the cost of completing the work, and extending over the
whole line from dam No. 5 to Cumberland, embracing a
distance 1)f77J miles, had just been finished, and sutimit-
ted to the Board, and accompanied the communicate' of
the president to the Executive of Maryland. It is highly
interesting- as showing the causes of the increased estimates
on this work, and in presenting a comparative view of its
cost as contrasted with similar works elsewhere. It will be
found in the appendix.
-Theintenrnal improvement companies of theBtate, roamed
iii ft1T6,I l0, '.. ... .- -.e _[clJ2yQlatu re at its last
session, asking for a conversion of the petrc" n wted
under that act, intl 5 per cent. sterling bonds. This
b'easur > adopted neai the close of the session, by the
passage of' An act to provide ways and means to meet the
subscriptiornof the State to works of internal improvement,"
chap. 386. It relieves tle State from theobligation to pay
the interest on the bonds for the first three years, and re-
quires it of the company for that time. In consideration
of the above-named plovision, the,pommissioner of loans is
authorized to issue to the companri 5 per cent. sterling
bonds, to the amount of $3,200,000, in place of the $2,500,-
000 six per cents heretofore issued, and of the $500,000
held by the treasurer as security for the payment of the
premium of 20 per cent. required under the act of 1836.
The company is required to return to the treasurer of the
State the bonds heretofore placed at his disposal, and which
have been hypothecated in its negotiations for loans in this
country and Europe. This will be arranged by a substi-
tution of the new stock, and by its sale so soon as it can be
effected. By advice recently received from our agent in
London, we are led to believe that the principal portion of
our loans in England on hypothecations of State stock
may be continued, so as to afford us time gradually to dis-
charge them, arnd relieve us from the necessity of forcing
large sales under unfavorable circumstances;
We have been, also, much indebted to the liberality and
indugence of ou'r creditors in this country, who have made
us loans on the 6 per cent. bonds of the State, and so far
have been enabled to protect them from sale or sacrifice.
A further act was passed by the last Legislature, entitled
"An act relating to the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal,"
chap. 396, by which an additional subscription was au-
thorized, on the part of the State, of $1,375,000 to the
stock of this company. Its provisions are similar to those
of the first-named act, in relation to the payment of the
interest by the company, and the securities to be given to
the State for her protection. To the full amount of this
subscription the commissioner of loans is authorized to
issue 5 per cent. sterling bonds, and (as both acts provide)
redeemable at the pleasure of the State after the expiration
of fifty years. In the passage of this measure the Legisla-
ture was fully apprized, from the late revised estimate of
our chief engineer, then before them, that the subscription
authorized by this act would be inadequate to the comple-
tion of the canal; but it was deemed ample for the prose-
cution of the work until the next December session-thus
leaving the implied understanding that further means ne-
cessary to the final completion of the work to Cumberland
will be provided for by the succeeding Legislature.
These measures were adopted after a full and protracted
investigation into the affairs of the-company before a'com-
mittee of the House of Delegates, and under a deep convic-
tion of the policy and necessity of ensuring, by further aid,
a vigorous prosecution and the early completion of a work,
in which the State had already invested a large amount of
capital,and on the success of which so many important in-
terests are dependent. The proceedings and testimony in
the investigation before the Internal Improvement Commit-
tee of the House of Delegates into the affairs of this com-
pany, at the last session, were all ordered to be printed ;
but, with the exception of the report of the chairman, and
communication from him to the House, are not as yet in
type. As showing, however, the nature and objects 'of
this inquiry, the report of the chairman (who -e conclusions
we are authorized in saying were never adopted by the
committee) is hereto appended, together with the commu-
nication from the president of this company, addressed to
the Legislature, in reply to that report.' The president
and directors deem it due to themselves, their motives and
conduct having been misunderstood and impugned, to pre-
sent these documents to the stockholders, showing the
character of the charges, and the refutation of them, rely-
ing on a full acquittal from censure, either as to motive or
conduct, in discharging the high and important trust which
has been confided to them. It is also due to our able chief
engineer, whose estimates have been criticised in the report
The company has complied with the conditions of both
acts, by a forrual acceptance of them. and by executing and
he new bonds.have been procured, and in a few days the
Commissioner of loans will be prepared to commence their
issue to the company, and will have them executed with
the least possible delay. He is also directed (chap. 386)
to issue to the company bonds of a similar description to the
amount of $120,000, in return for the advances made ty
our company to the Eastern Shore and the Annapolis-and
Elkridge Railroad Companies, under a resolution of the
Legislature, passed at December session, 1837; but no au-
thority having been conferred on the treasurer by the last
Legislature to settle either the interest which has accrued
on those advances or on the 6 per cent. bonds of the State,
issued under the act of 1836, and in virtue of her subscrip-
tiorr, he does not feel at liberty to adjust our claims but by
o As the securities which will soon be in possession of the
company will raise, should nothing unforeseen occur, ample
means for the discharge of all its liabilities, and should en-
title it to high credit, at the same time justifying a vigorous
prosecution of the work, we look with confidence to a libe-
ral policy on the part of our creditors, by which we may
expect, without sacrifice of the bonds, to render them
available, within a reasonable time, for the payment of our
debts and the prosecution of the works.
The means at the control of the company, and applicable
to the discharge of its debts and the construction of the
works, amount to $4,936,997, viz.
In exchange for $3,000,000, 6 per cents of the
State, the company will receive, of 5 per
cent. sterling bonds, payable in London $3,200,000
In like bonds for new subscription 1,375,000
Do for advances to railroad com-
Stock of the corporation of Washington 105,007
Do do of Georgetown 37,410
Due from stockholders, estimated to be good 58,540
Cash advanced to the commissioners of the
State, to negotiate the State bonds: to be
refunded to the company 8,000
Cash in banks 33,040
We cannot state with precision the liabilities
of the. company, as the commissioner at
Cumberland, having very recently paid
the estimates for the two last months, has
not yet had time to settle his accounts for
those payments at the office of the compa-
nj; neither have the accounts of our agent
in London been settled; but we do not
vary materially from the amount in stating
ii to be -
Balance applicable to the construction of the
:anal and payment of interest -
This amount does not include the claim'of the co:npany
fcr interest due from the State on the six per cent. bonds,
or on the advances to the railroad companies. The an-
rual statements will be made out by the treasurer and
derk, and will be appended to and printed with this re-
From the abave statement, the means of the company,
should they be realized, will be ample to justify a vig-
orous prosecution of the work at an increased rate of
monthly expenditure for the ensuing year; and we may
now confidently look to its early and successful completion.
The tolls of the last twelve months have amounted to
$42,835 80, exceeding those of the previous year in the
sum of $12,411 55. That the trade on the canal is improv-
ing, is apparent fiom thisfact, and from the increased amount
both descending and ascending, and from the number and
size of the boats employed in its navigation. New sources'
of trade, too, in the progress of the work, are being devel-
oped, which tnust increase its revenue; but we cannot
look to profitable results until we reach the main source
from whence they are to be derived-the coal and iron of
Allegany. When that point is attained, we believe the
most sanguine expectations of the friends of the canal will
be fully realized. To the minerals of that region we must
look mainly for revenue; and, compared to those, all other
sources of trade, however various or important, can only
be considered as accessory. In view of the completion,
within two years, of the canal to the rich and inexhausti-
ble mineral region of Allegany, and of thd vast sources of
trade a9d wealth about to be developed, we cannot but
contemplate with lively interest the proposed eastern, ter-
mination of this great work at Baltimoi~, the flour-
ishing emporium of Maryland. We are happy in the be-
lief that local feelings and jealousies between that city and
those of the District of Columbia have yielded to more
liberal and enlightened views; and that they look to the
connexion, not in the spirit of enemi rivals, but as
a bond of union to uwel-
tained; and, in truth, we ac ..... -
of it for the very means by whiqi, -i:onstructinge
canal westward; her legislators h 'i!!eatedly declared
that they would never have committed the State so deeply
in the enterprise, but in contemplation of its ultimate ter-
minus at the city of Baltimore. A company chartered by
the State has been organized for the purpose of effectiqg
[this object, the State being pledged to subscribe to its
stock $500000. The city of Baltimore is becoming every
day more depxly impressed with the importance of this con-
nexion, as ppning to her efiterprising citizens new and
boundless source* of wealth. Independent of the vast ag-
ricultural and other products which will flow into her lap,
the saving to her inhabitants, in the article of fuel alone,
would in a very few years reimburse the cost of construct-
ing the ca~al. She has, it is true, with a munificent spir-
it, and anrenterprise beyond all praise, contributed largely
to the prosecution of other great works in the State; but
her wealth, resources, and credit are not exhausted, and,
backed as she no doubt will be by the State, she should
not permit another year,to elapse without witnessing the
commencement of this work. Baltimore possesses great
natural lvantages, which have only to be properly im-
proved aid brought into action to make her one of the
most popfalous and wealthy, as she is one of the most pub.
lic-spirited cities of this Union. But she has powerful and
vigilant rivals to contend with, who have entered the lists
with her in competition for the rich prize of the Western
trade; and she can only expect to outstrip them in the race
by straining every nerve and by the mbst untiring perse-
That the District cities will receive a new impulse on the
completion of the canal cannot bq doubted, as they must
always participate largely in its benefits. Exclusive of the
increased trade to which they may confidently look, they
derive other and most important advantages from the canal,
by the immense water power it has created ; and we are
happy to find that a spirit of enterprise is awakened on this
subject. A right has been obtained of the company, and
we have reason to believe that we shall be soon cheered
by the sound of the spindle and the loom. It is only ne-
cessary to make a commencement, to attract the attention
of capitalists to the unrivalled advantages of this District
for all manufacturing operations. With a salubrious cli-
mate and cee'ral position to the Atlantic States, situated
on a noble river navigable by vessels of any size, and with
a splendid canal leading to one of the richest mineral re-
gions it the world, where can be found a spot' more favor-
ed, or one which promises a higher destiny? The city of
Alexandria, sensible of the advantage which her fine har-
bor affords, and of the necessity of connecting by a lateral
canal with the main stem, in order to enjoy an equal par-
ticipation in its trade, has, with a determined purpose, pro-
secuted the work of connexion, in defiance of the difficul-
ties to be encountered in constructing an aqueduct of about
twelve hundred feet in length over the Potomac river. It
is now beyond doubt that her perseverance and enterprise
will be rewarded by the accomplishment of her object, and
her aqueduct will be admired for ages as one of the proud-
est monuments of the art and'industry of man.
In conformity with a resolution of the stockholders, the
Board directed the Chief Engineer to employ a small party
in examinations and surveys of the line west of Cumber-
land. He accordingly deputed a party for the purpose,
which was engaged during the last summer and fall in
that duty, and he has been again instructed to continue the
survey. Being called from his duties by attending at An-
napolis during the last session, and since then by the pres-
sure of his engagements with the company, he has been
prevented from handing in a report of the progress made in
the survey. When prepared, it will be presented to the
The early object of this enterpris- was its connexion with
the Western waters; and its friends, having never aban-
doned that expectation, still entertain the hope that the
development of the means and resources of the canal, on
its completion to Cumberland, will manifest the import-
ance and iustifv the effort to carry out the views of its first
271 miles, between dams Nos. 5 and 6, early in April; since
which time there has not been the slightest interruption to
navigation, although some apprehension was entertained
that lime-sinks in the limestone country, at and near Pra-
ther's neck, would prove to be very troublesome. ,The
canal was there elevated 47 feet above the river surface,
for the purpose of taking the line across a bend of the Po-
tomac, by which four miles in distance of costly work are
This line of canal is now completed, with the exception
of three lock-houses, completing the deposit of gravel at
dam No. 6, and finishing off some comparatively light
work, which was left to be more conveniently done after
the admission of the water into the canal. We-have great
-confidence in the strength of this portion of the work, from
the improved mgde in constructing the embankments and
the solidity of the masonry. We have just been inforined
by the superintendent on that division that twenty boats
loaded with coal have passed in the last week.
The line of 50 miles,'between dam No. 6 and Cumber-
land, has been progressing as rapidly as the means of the
company would justify, with a force varying from 2,500 to
3,000 laborers. A number of the sections are finished,
and others are nezr to completion. Most of the heavy
sections are in good progress. Some, which had been
abandoned, or not heretofore let, have been put under con-
tract; and it is intended, without delay, to let the remain-
der of the sections and masonry requiring more than
twelve months for their completion, in order that the who'e
line may be finished within two years; to effect which, the
monthly expenditure for construction should average about
$120,000, as will appear from the following statement :
Amount of work done and to be done on the Ist of June,
1839, between dam No. 5 and Cumberland.
The monthly estimates in June, July, and Au-
gust, 1838, averaged, per month $107,759
Do. in September, October, and November,
1838, per month 114,693
Do. in December, 1838, and January and Feb-
ruary, 1839, per month 95,700
Do. in March and April, 1839, (the amount of
tile May estimates not beingyet ascertained;)
per mouth 107,202
Assuming the May, 1839, estimates to be equal in amount
to the average of the two months immediately preceding,
(as they will be,\in all probability,) and we have $1,276,-
062 for the amount f work done along the line of canal
between dam No.5 and Cumberland, within the year im-
mediately preceding the 1st of June, 1839. The January
estimate, submitted to the last Legislature, assumed that
the cost of the construction of the canal between dam No.
5 and Cumberland would be -$6,080,657 'N
Deduct amount of work done pri-
or to June 1, 1838 $1,869,492
Deduct also amount of work done
within the last year, as above stated 1,276,072
There remains on 1st June, 1839 .- $2,935,103
for the amount of work yet to be done to finish the con-
struction of the canal to Cumberland. Now, applying the
amount of work done within the twelve months preceding
the 1st June, 1839, as above stated, viz. $1,276.062, to the
amount of work then to be done, ($2,935,103,) and we
have rather less than two years and four months for the
time requisite to complete the canal, (working at the same
rate as for the twelve months preceding June 1st, 1839;)
that is, uutil the 1st of October, 1841. But, by the pro-
posed increase of monthly expenditure on the line, the
work will be accomplished in two years, and can be com-
pleted in all the year 1840, should the company succeed in
selling the bonds.
The operations at the tunnel have progressed remarka-
bly well within the last year. Prior to the 1st of May,
1838, there had been driven of tunnel-heading 529 lineal
feet; since which time 1,455 feet have been driven; mak-
ing in all 1,984 feet. The total length of the tunnel will
be 3,118 feet; and there remain only 1,134 feet to be dri-
ven, not much exceeding one-third of the length.
The construction of a dam immediately below the tun-
nel is a matter deserving consideration in a twofold point
of view : as an additional feeder to the canal; and as giv-
ing a slackwater navigation around the bend of the river
to the upper end of the tunnel, where boats could be re-
ceived again into the canal. By this improvement the tun-
nel might be used for the descending trade exclusively;
which, on the completion of the canal, will be by far the
heaviest and most importrt, whilst the ascending boats
might easily navigate, for 14 short a distance, (being, only
five miles,) the slackwater created.by the dam.
Since writing the above, we have received, by the Great
Western, letters from Mr. Peabody, and feel gratified by
the intelligence they convey, that, notwithstanding all the
embarrassments of the money market at this time, he has
been able to protect the. perLjt,_b oLonds, and says that he
does not fear any necessity for a sacrifiT6 or The stock.
The credit of Maryland has always stood deservedly high
in Europe, and we have every right to believe that her.
stocks will sell at rates as high as those of any other State
of the Union.
Signed in behalf of the president and directors.
G. C. WASHINGTON, President.
WASHINGTON, JUNE 3, 1839.
S. PRENTISS has resumed the practice of Law at
S Vicksburg, Mississippik mar 4-6m
SHERM %N & CHAMBERS,
S Attorneys at Law,
CHARLES E. SHERMAN. I
JOHN A. CHAMBERS. mar 26-cply
iWEDICAL COLLEGE, In Richmond, Virginia.
IYU The next Winter Term of Lectures in the Medical De-
partment of Hampden Sydney College, at Richmond, will com-
mence on Monday, October 21, 1839, and continue until the
last of February following.
AUGUSTUS L. WARNER, M.D., Professor of Surgery and Sur-
JOHN CULLEN, M.D., Professor of the Theoryand Practice of
THOMAS JOHNSON, M.D., Professor of Anatomy and Physi-
L. W. CHAMBERLAYNE, M. D., Professor of Materia Medica
R. L. BOHANNAN, M. D., Professor of Obstetri:s and the Di&
eases of Women and Children.
SOCRATES MAUPIN, M. D., Professor of Chemistry and
The College .Infirmary, attached to the College Building,
has been in successful operation for the last eight months, and
furnishes constantly a number of interesting Medical and Sur-
gizal cases, to wh;ch the Student'has access at all hours.
The College Infirmary, together with the Alms House, Peni-
tentiary, and Armory, (which are all under the charge of two of
the Professors,) will afford the student an opportunity of wit.
nessing the various diseases incident to a Southern climate.
The abundance of materials for Anatomical purposes, and the
reduced piice at which they are furnished, will enable the stu-
dent to acquire an intimate knowledge of the anatomy of.the
human body, and the use of Surgical instruments.
During the last Winter Course of Lectures, from the number
of Surgical cases admitted into the Infirmary, the Professor of
Surgery was enabled to exhibit before the class nearly all the
important Surgical operations upon the living subject; and,
from the growing popularity of the lifirmary, there is reason to
believe that hereafter the Surgical cases in the house will greatly
Good Boarding, including fuel, lights, servant's attendance,
&c. can be obtained in this city for $4 per week.
We are authorized to state that a full Course of Lectures in
this Institution will be received as equivalent to one in the fol-
lowing Medical Schools: University of lennsylvania, Jefferson
Medical College of Philadelphia, Medical Cullege of the State
of South Carolina, Transylvania University, Lexington, Ky.;
University of Maryland, &c.
The Professor of Anatomy will open the Dissecting rooms of
the College on the first of O6tober.
AUG'S L. WARNER, M. D.
Dean of the Medical Faculty.
RICHM^ND, MAY 17, 1839. may 23-cp6m
r1'AKE NOTICE. -The undersigned, having rented Mr.
Charles B. Calvert's Mill, in Bladensburg, inform the
farmers of Prince George's county that they will alwa'~ be pre-
pared to purchase wheat at the fair market price in cash, deli-
vered at the Mill.
june 10-tf GEO. W. TAYLOR & CO.
ONE HUN DR El) DOLLARS REWARD.-- an
away, on the llth May last, my negro man MOSES. He
is about 25 years of age, dark complectcd, active, and well-
formed, and is supposed to be about six feet high ; has a small
scar on one side of his face, near the ear, occasioned from a
burn when he was small. He was hired to Mr. Sheckelford, in
Charlotte Hall, Saint Mary's county, Maryland, whom he left.
A few days previous to his departure he was whipped, by order
no a i, stice of the enace. for stealing,. and it is sunnosed it indun-
IPTPER MAfRitBOROACA)DEY.-t- e Public
are respectfully informed that the above-named institu-
tion, in Upper Marlboro', Prince George's county, Maryland,
'is now in successful operation under the immediate superin-
tendence of J. E. NORRIS, aided by an assistant The ptbn of
_study and discipline here observed are similar -~hose which
obtain in other institutions of a like order, tnd the patrons of
the seminary may be assured that the utmost diligence and de-
votion will be found on the part of-the instrautors-rin promoting
both the moral and intellectual interests of the pupils. Tue
advantages ofa library, which is now being formed, and of a
literary society,- besides the introduction and use of the best
authors in the academical course, cannot but afford inducements
to parents and guardians to favor us with thiir patronage, and
enable any, who are disposed, to receive a. liberal education.
d/ "e BirANCHes TA HT. ri-
Latin and G aeek languages; Greek and Roman anti equities;
Elements of General History; Natural Philosophy and Che-
mistry; Rhetoric, Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry, and Trigo-
nometry ; Mensuration, Navigation, and Surveying; likewise,
all the lower branches of English education.
The Principal, residing on the immediate premises of the
academy, intends making preparation for boarding and lodging
any pupils who may live at a distance, and desire the benefit
of the school. By order of the trustees:
may 18-w4w- JOHN E. NORRIS, Principal.
A GOVERNESS WAN TED.-The subscriber wis s
to engage the services of a young lady (t8 live in his fa-
mily) who is competent to instruct in the following branches,
viz. Reading, writing, arithmetic, grammar, geography, ancient
and modern history, natural philosophy, music on the piano, or-
namental work, drawing and painting.
To one thus qualified, I will give one hundred and fifty dol-
lars per annum and board in a very healthy and agreeable vil-
lage. Letters addressed to the subscriber, at Leonardtown,
St. Mary's county, Maryland, will be immediately attended to.
may 21-law4w WM. T. MADDOX.
W ASHING'ON ACADEMY, Westmorkland
county, Virginis.-This institution will be re-open-
ed on the 15th of July next, under the care of Mr. WILLIAM
STEVENS, as Principal, with such assistants as may be necessa-
ry. The Trustees have exerted themselves toprocure teachers
worthy of public patronage. Mr. STEVENS is a married gentle-
man, about fifty years of age, and makes the profession of teach-
ing the business of his life.. He takes charge of the-Acadermy
with the intention of making it a permanent residence. Confi-
dent in his own attainments, dependent upon his own merits,
and with every motive for a faithful discharge f his duties, it is
believed the Washington Academy, under the care of Mr. STE-
VENS, will offer advantages to bys equal to any other in the
state. Boarders will reside in the family oi the Principal, be-
come members of it, and be treated with parental care.
The course of studies will embrace the classics, and the va-
rious branches ofa co'nplete English education,with the French
Spanish, and Italian languages, which pupils will be taught to
write and speak, as well as read.
Classical, Mathematical, and the higher branches of English
studies, per session, 20 00
Innior English students, per session, 10 00
Modern languages, each, do. -- 10 00
Boarding, per session, each boarder finding his own
bed, candles, &c. 45 00
f bed, candles, &c. are furnished, per session, 3 00
louse-rent, per session, "- 2 50
All payable in advance to the Principal, who is required to
enforce this rule in-every case.
Parents or guardians intending to send their childrenor wards
Style Academy will inform the Principal, by letter, directed
SOak Grove, Westmoreland."'
By order of the Board of Trustees.
HENRY TAYLOR, President.
N. B. The regular session commences on the 15th of July,
ut the Academy is now open, and will continue, without any
hammer vacation, under the care of Mr. STEVENS.
M ORVEN FOR SALE.-The eastern part of the
Morven estate, including the buildings and 273 acres of
land, is for sale. This land lies in the District, near the Middle
turnpike road, three miles from Alexandria and five from the
city. About one-half the land is cleared; part of it is highly
improved, and one hundred acresof itadmirably suited for
The dwelling-house is built of brick, and contains 8 rooms;
the office, meat-house, and ice-house are all of brick.
There is a good and comfortable house for servants, lately
built, a corn-house and barn. The barn is 66 feet long and 33
feet wide, with stabling for eighteen horses. There is a delight-
ful spring of the purest water within seventy yards of the house,
a spring in the garden, and one within fifty yards of the stable
door-none of which have ever been known to fail.
Thisjand poesses peculiar advantages for a dairy farm or
For terms apply to JAMES D. KERR,
ap 16-2awtf Alexandria.
ONE HUNI)RED DOLLARS REWARD.-Ran
away from the subscriber, living in Bryan Town, Charles
county, Maryland, on the 16th of April last, negro man DAVY,
calls himself Davy Gardiner; he is about 5 feet 10 inches
high; and aged 35 years; he is a very genteel negro, of easy and
polite manners. He has a scar or scars on his breast, the flesh
a little raised, and perhaps some on his shoulder ; he took with
him a variety of clothing which I cannot describe. Davy is .a
good carriage driver and ostler, and may try and get employ-
ment in that way. As he went away without any provoCation,
it is likely he may try and get to some free State.
I will give fifty dollars for him if takenin the State of Mary-
land or the District of Columbia, and secure d in jail so that I
get him ; or the above reward if taken outof the State or District
of Columbia, and secured so that I get him again.
P. S. It is likely he has got forged papers.
W. F. BOARMAN.
Bryan Town, May 27, 1839. june 1-4wcp
IMPORTED JOHN BULL.-This imported stallion
will make his second season atUpper Marlboro', Prince
George's county, Md., commencing on the 15th of March, and
ending on the Istof July next. Terms for thorough bred mares
$40 the season, payable by the 1st of July, when the season will
expire; and $60 dollars for insurance. He will also be permit-
ted to cover a limited number of common mares, at $15 the
season, without insurance; $1 dollar to the groom in each case.
John. Bull was purchased in England, by Mr. Tattersall, for
Capt. Stockton of the Navy, and by him imported into this
country. He will be six years old this spring, is a dark bay, six-
teen hands high, with no white, except a very little on the coronet
of his right hind foot. In form he is unsurpassed by any horse
in this country, whether native or imported. The purity of his
blood, and the excellence of his pedigree for the racing quali-
ties of his stock on both sidesofthe house, cannot be beaten by
that of any horse in the world.
PEDIGREE.-John Bull was gotby Chateau Margaux, (since
imported, and now covering in Alabama at $100 the season,)
his dam, as was also the dar of ROROTON, by Woful, full
brother to Whalebone, sire of Chateau, both being by Waxy,
out of the famous Penelope, she by Trumpeter, out of the no
less famous Prunella, who, says Darville (author of a recent
treatise on the care, treatment, and training of the English race-
horse,) "was the dam of eleven first-rate horses'and she is
said to have realized to the Grafton family little short of
100,000. In fact, all breeders of race-horses try for a stain of
the justly celebrated Prunella."' John Bull's grandam was by
Benningbrough, out of Brandon's sister, his g. grandam Miss
Tomboy by HIGHFLYER, of whom it is enough to say he was
Highflyer! the great 1 AM of horses that never were beat, and
never paid forfeit, &c. For further particulars of pedigree see
'John Bull, it is believed, is nearer allied in a direct line to
the immortal Highflyer than any other horse now living.
Those who prefer to have recourse to imported blood, combin-
ing the very best in England, to cross on their native mares, have
now an opportunity, at a comparatively moderate expense, to
avail themselves of the use of a -stallion, who, though he has
himself never been started in a race, possesses the fine points
of a race-horse, with ample size, and a pedigree equal if not
superior to'that of any other living horse.
The following letter written by Captain Thomson, at the re-
quest of-Captain Stockton, to T. P. Bowie, Esq., the present
owner of John Bull, will account for his never having been run:
PRINCETON, NOVEMBER 26, 1838.
Sin: Captain Stockton being very much engaged in making
his arrangements for going to sea in the U. S. ship Ohio, has de-
sired me, in his behalf, to reply to your letter of October last.
John Bull was purchased by Mr. Tattersall for him in Eng-
land, in the spring of 1834, then one year old, and was imported in
the same year into the United States. The pedigree, as given
in your advertisement, and to Mr. J. S. Skinner, waf derived
from the certificate of Mr. Tattersall.
He was trained when three yearsold, andsho*ed good speed
in his training, but previous to the races he fell lame, and was
not tried. In his exercise he injured himself, (I think from fall-
ing,) and was not taken up again during that year. The fol-
lowing year he was slightly trained, and had a run of one mile,
bat not having sufficiently recovered from his lameness or its
effects, (he being a very heavy horse,) he was not continued in
training, and -was again thrown out.
He was a horse of remarkably good disposition and good con-
stitution, and certainly combines many of the best crosses of
blood in England.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,'
JOHN R. THOMSON.
THOMAS F. BowIE,
Prince George's county, Md.
John Bull is now in high health pnd fine plight, and if it be
true, as it unquestionably is, that "blood will tell," both in beast
and man, then must his get prove to be winners, for they will
-II '- -
Bpr~-4rs~a~s~~'':-~f~"`l~~: f~"~': I'- ''~ ~ ''
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