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No. 6683. '
WASHINGTON: TUESDAY, JANUARY 8, 1839.
GALES & SEASON.
THREE TIMES A WEEK, AT SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE CHESAPEAKE AND OrIo CANAL occupies
a prominent place in the Message of Governor
VEAZEY to the Legislature of the State of MARY-
LAND, which is so large a proprietor in that great
work. Notwithstanding all the discouragements
under which this enterprise labors, the Canal
has been steadily pressed forward, a force of from
2,500 to 3,000 hands having been kept constant-
ly employed upon it. The line of the Canal from
Dam No. 5 (eight miles above Williamsport) to
Dam No. 6 is so nearly completed that the water
will be admitted into it during the present win-
ter, andthe entire line of one hundred and forty
miles is expected tobe in good order and ready for
the reception of the Spring trade. The remain-
der of the line (from the Great Cacapon) to
Cumberland is in progress, and will, it is believed,
with adequate means at command, be complet-
ed in the year 1840.
FROM NORTH CAROLINA
We learn that the Resolutions, which passed
the House of Commons of that State, condemn-
ing the plan of giving away the U. S. Lands
under color of reducing the Government price
for them, had also passed the Senate of that
State by a triumphant majority.
We hear that, owing to the composition of
the two branches of the Legislature, it is alto-
gether possible that no election of Senator of the
United States will be made at the present ses-
sion of the Legislature of that State.
It is stated, in the European Correspondence
of the Journal of Commerce, that Mr. MAUHLEN-
BERG, the United States Envoy to the Court of
Austria, presented his credentials to the Empe-
ror on the 4th of November last, and was most
It sometimes happens that the letters constitut-
ing a word, if by any accident they are transposed,
will compose a word or words meaning the
same thing; and in former times much industry
and ingenuity have been employed in detecting
such anagrams, as'they are called. Many illus-
trations of this sort of transposition might be
quoted, such as the following:
Lawyers, SLY WARE.
Punishnmcir, NINE TIUMiPS.
A friend of ours has discovered one which (re-
cent developments considered) is not inferior in
point of application to any we have ever met
with. Here it is:
Sub-Treasurer, A SURE BURSTER.
TEXAS, GREAT BRITAIN, AND FRANCE.--We
find the following paragraph in the New York
Evening Star of Friday last:
TEXAS.-By advices from Pans, we are informed that
Gen. HENDERSON, the Texian Representative near the
French Government, has closed a commercial arrange-
ment, whereby the ports of Texas and France are open-
ed to the vessels and products of each other. We an-
nounced that such a negotiation was on foot some weeks
since, which is now confirmed from an authentic source.
This fact may be considered as a very favorable indica-
tion of the policy and views of France as regards our
new sister Republic, and following the example of Great
Britain, (who entered into a similar arrangement some
time since,) it may be considered as furnishing good evi-
dence of a speedy and more formal recognition of the in-
dependence of Texas, on tho part of both England and
France. Texas will not then want the means either to
pay off her debt, (which is but small,) o0 to develop her
PENNSYLVANIA.-After the severe freshet on
the Juniatta, which proved so destructive to the
Pennsylvania canal in that region, totally de-
stroying the works for several miles, the follow-
ing letter was addressed to Governor RITNER by
Mr. BIDDLE, President of the United States-Bank
of that State:
BANK OF THE UNITED STATES, JULY 3, 1838.
Sin: The Board of Directors of the Bank of the United
States have learned with great regret that the late disaster
on the Juniatta threatens to disturb the internal trade of
Pennsylvania, and her connexion with the Western States,
and they have instructed nie to offer to you,without delay,
every assistance within their power to remedy this mis-
fortune. If you have any authority to borrow, they will
lend to you under that authority, or they will lend to
you without any, relying on the spirit of the Legislature
of Pennsylvania to provide for advances made in a time
of need to protect he inerinterest. You are accordingly
at liberty to call upon this bank for any amount which you
may consider nece s .ry for the immediate and ample repair
of the public works on the Juniatta.
With great respect, yours,
N. BIDDLE, President.
[,This offer was accepted by Governor RIT-
NER, and about :. ';,090 were drawn from the
bank for these repairs.]
The Trenton State Gazette calls attention to
the following instructive exemplification of the
opposite character of the contending political
spirits of the day :
The difference between the respect for the laws of the
two patties at Harrisburg is shown from this simple state-
ment. In two districts Van Buren men were returned
who had not received a majority of the votes, and were not
%entitled, as the VWhigs contended, to their seats. But no
attempt was made by force to prevent them from taking
their seats under the law. In one district Whigs were
returned, who, the Van Buren men contended, were not
entitled to sit; and immediately a mob large enough and
r-- -- .-_1,-L'- -.* **_. 0 Qt --- .f- -I *h1- -
NEW YORK, JANUARY 5.
The weather has been so bad that the pack-
ets could not sail before to-day-even if they
get off to-day. No Royal W illiam yet!
FANNY WRIGHT announces, in large placards,
the resumption of her labors of love in the poli-
tical field to-morrow (Sabbath) night. The
spring election approaches The principles
of equa4 liberty," quoth Fanny in a letter to the
New Era, have been violated in my person."
The Senate of this State are checkmating"
the Representative Assembly and the 10,000
Whig majority. It will cost the Whigs one
more pull to upset the Albany Rngency. For
three years now they have been tearing down
this Bastile of Power, but it will take one more
year yet, we see.
The domestic exchanges of the country have
not materially changed the present week. The
tendency is to an improvement in them.
European orders for flour begin to appeal
in our market.
Dealers in foreign exchange anticipate a brisk
demand at existing rates (1091) in consequence
of great importations of foreign goods and lively
orders upon the British manufacturing districts.
Miss LANDON (L. E. L.) is dead. An arrival
at Boston informs us that the climate of South
Africa was fatal to her.
Colonel J. P. VAN SHAICK, editor of the Al-
bany Daily Advertiser, is now among the dead.
As an editor, a scholar, and a gentleman, he
was among the first in the Union.
I send you a Table of Foreign Exchange on
England, as recommended by
Commerce, giving us the value o
it. premium, is
value of th
the Chamber of
f a pound ster-
S 4 67
und steri in7
und sterling in
New York is four dollars and eighty-six cents,
(109,),) which is in a language every body can
The Patriots near Caldwell's Manor, (L. C.)
on the anniversary of the burning of the Caro-
line," turned incendiaries, and set fire to five
dwelling-houses and seven barns. This news
comes by the way of St. Alban's, (Vt.) and it
is not stated whether the Patriots were from
this side of the line or the other. Is not arson
a crime under which our authorities will be conm-
pelled to surrender the criminals, if they take
refuge with us ?
SPECIE PAYMENTS AT NEW ORLEANS.
NEW ORLEANS, DEC. 25.
Yesterday specie payments were resumed by the banks
in our city. The unusual occurrence produced no excite-
ment. The confidence in our banking institutions is so
firmly established that very few attempted to convert their
notes into hard money. We understand that only twenty
dollars in specie was drawn out of the Union Bank, one of
the largest in our Xty ; and nowhere was there manifested
a disposition to make a run upon the banks. The fact is,
the people are well satisfied of their solvency, and would as
readily hold their bills as hard money. These results are
highly gratifying, and will contribute greatly to heighten
the hilarity and convivial eNjoyments of our citizens during
the present holyday.---ulletin.
The last Hamilton (Tenn.) Gazette contains an inter-
esting account of the result of Col. FOSTER'S (tIth United
States Infantry) campaign into the mountains of North
Carolina, whither he was recently sent by Gen. ScoTT to
arrest certain Indian refugees and murderers. lie soon
succeeded in the object of his campaign, by bringing to his
aid the services of the friendly Indians, who were sent in
pursuit of the refugees, and, after an absence of five days,
returned with eleven prisoners. Of these, three were found
guilty of the murder of the two United States soldiers in
November, who, together with a fourth culprit subsequent-
ly captured, were executed by the friendly Indians. The
scene is thus described by the Gazette:
Of those brought in, the Colonel thought three deserve.
ed death ; and, in the exercise of that spirit of comity and
forbearance which has so generally characterized the o!fi-
cers of the Army towards the suffering Indians, he called
a council of those who were friendly ; and, after being con-
vinced that one and all had proper views of the principles
of justice, and would mete out even to their own blood
proper punishment for transgression, he delivered them over
to the chiefs, to be dealt with according to their laws.
'Blood for blood' is the governing principle of his tribe ;
consequently the doom of the murderers was as sanguina-
ry as if they had been puuiished by the regiment. On the
following day, the 24th ultimo, we believe, three sentenced
culprits were brought out. It was arranged that there
should be six executioners; two to fire at each man, one
at the head and the other at the heart. Previously to tak-
THE GOVERI'NOR OF NEW YORK.
The new Whig Governor of the Empire State,
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, sent his first annual Mes-
sage to the Legislature on Tuesday. It is of
great length, and is pronounced, and justly, too,
as we dare believe, to be the ablest-State Paper
delivered to the Legislature of New York since
the days of DE WITT CLINTON.
The New York Courier and Enquirer says:
On the hasty perusal wh:ch we have bestowed upon
this document, we have been most forcibly struck with the
enlarged and liberal views of the Executive in relation to
internal imnprovenenls, and the eloquence and ability with
which he urges upon the Legislature prompt and extend-
ed action in developing the resources of the S;ate, and re-
!'re:r.i:- its character in regard to this all-important ques-
tion. It is well known that, since the death of CLINTON,
the administration of our State has been in the hands of a
set (f inen, umoat of whom have devoted more of their time
to the increase of their own wealth and the retention of po-
litical power, than to the interests or the honor of the State-
of men who were willing to see our sister States go far ahead
of us in our works of internal improvement, and even di-
vert from us a portion of that commerce justly our own, ra-
ther than diminish the amount of the public moneys in
their keeping, through which they retained their ill-gotten
But, thank GOD, that dsy is passed. New York has
emerged from the almost Egyptian darkness in which she
lay prostrate-power has passed from the few to the many
-from the minions of the General Government to the Peo-
ple-from the Tories to the Whigs; and, with this change
of power, there can be no doubt but a new order of things
will prevail. The great system of internal improvement,
of which the Erie canal was only the incipient step, will
now be carried into full operation ; the resources and un-
developed wealth of the State will be brought into health-
ful action; railroads and canals will be extended through
regions which have heretofore been inaccessible to the en-
terprise and industry of our capitalists and laborers; dis.
tant States and Territories %\ill be made tributary to the
great commercial emporium of the Union ; and the Empire
8tate will once again occupy that proud position where the
policy of her CLINTON placed her, and which she has, in a
measure, lost through the selfishness and political subser-
viency of those who succeeded him."
The Mc.-ag.re closes with the following elo-
quent tribute to a departed statesman :
It is now eleven year since this State was suddenly
caUed to mourn the death of a citizen who illustrated his
history by a life of eminent public usefulness. His death
happened in the maturity of his mnrihood, and while yet
the wisdlomr of his policy and the puiii.y of his motives were
loudly questioned. Experience hais more rapidly than the
ilihost inspired enl!busiasmu of his genius anticipated, sanc-
tioned the one, ar:d posterity has r;made extraordinary haste
to vindi-cate the other. His remains still rest in that vault
ofa private frii;id which hospitably received them as a sa-
cred tru:;t until an auspicious period for more fitting public
obsequies should arrive. e is understood to have left to
his children no inheritance but what they enjoy in common
with all their fellow-citizens-his fame and abounding pub-
lic prosperi!y. The custom of honoring the dead corn-
mends itself to the natural sentiments of mankind, and, al-
though in ignorant and depraved countries it has been
abused by the erection of pyramids, and temples, and tombs,
to preserve the ashes of tyrants, it cannot, among an en-
lightened People, be otherwise than right and expedient to
perpetuate the memory of public benefactors, and thus sti-
mulate and encourage emulation of their deeds. Our State
early followed the good example, by providing a tomb for
the ashes of a gallant soldier who feil in her service in a fo-
reign land. It cannot he too often remembered or practi-
cally il!iltrated t-t vorthy military r, nown is or post-
huonous honors,C fc virtues less frequently attain their
just reward; that statesmen pass an ordeal more trying
than the field of battle; and that the history of this State
records the fame of many valiant generals, while it has
witnessed: only one personification of the genius and virtues
of Do WITT CLINTON. I therefore respectfully recommend
that the ashes of that illustrious citizen be deposited under-
neath a monument to be erected in this city.
The blessing of that Almighty Being, in contrast with
whose power states and empires are but dust, and in the
light of whose wisdom all human counsels are darkness, I
invoke upon your deliberations for the public good.
WILLIAM H. SEWARD.
ALBANY jAN. 1, 1839."
Much cxcitemernt had been caused in Paris by the death
of a citizen wh., was shot by one of the sentinels on guard
at the Tuillerics. Tile man was ordered by the soldier to
go out of a certain path in the-gardens, anl, net obeying,
was shot dead. Thie soldier was tried, acquitted, and set
at liberty, and sent back to his regiment. It was proved
that thie soldier was attcmptiig to climb over the gate be-
hind which lie was i'postii, apparently to attack him. It
was proved, also, that he had been ordered y the corporal
who gave him thle count resign, to fire on any one attempting
to scale the grating. The corporal had misunderstood his
Nw:', Yo a, JANUARY 2.
An extensive forgery, supposed to thlie extent of 50,--
000, was coxurnitted on the house of L:zardi & Co. Lon-
don, about tlihe middle of Novenmber, by a clerk connected
with the establishment, ofthe liname of Macnimn. Amongst
other things which it i- said he has forged, is a large amount
of Mexican bonds of tile new conversion:, of 500 each;
but as it appears that Mr. Mlacnim was authorized to s:gn
the name of the firm, there is consequently no forgery in
this particular as regards Messrs. L:zardi, for it only
amounts to a breach of faith in having issued more bonds
than! he was authorized to sign, ant!, of course, the house
will be the sufferers, and not the holders of p,;>Ter.
No claim, of course, can be male upon the Government
of Mexico, for this celcbrted conversion was never rati-
fied by the Executive or Le.islature. The Public must
bear in mind that it is the new bonds, issued by the con-
version, which are said to have bcee issued fraudulently,
and not the old bonds, of Mexico. It was supposed that
Ma ciim woull cross over to Holland, and might ultimate-
ly find his way to the United States.-Courier.
THE OUTRAuGE AT LouISVIILLTE.-The Gazette of that
city, under date of the 2thi ult. says: The case of the
Messrs. WILKINSON and MURDAUCII, for the killing of
ROVTHWiLL and MEEK.S, has just closed before the Exa-
mining Couri. Doctor \VWimNsoN was discharged. Judge
WILKiNSON and Mr. lu: C IDACO were he!.t to bail ; the
former in .-5,,'l.), the latter i .-.5,000. The bail was
given, and the prisoners left the Court House, without dis-
UP To SNu'F.-Amongst the items of Contingent Ex-
penses of the lAst session of the United States House of
Representatives was &-1-2 25 for snug. This accounts
(says the Boston Transcript) for the dignitaries of the land
being so "god at a pinch."
General WILLrAM C. KEEN, late postmaster at Printer's
Retreat, Switzerland county, Indiana, was tried before the
United States district court at Indianapolis, two weeks
since, for purloining money from a letter received at his
otice. The jury found him G(ciLTY on the second, third,
fourth, and fifth counts in the indictment, and said nothing
about the first count. On this accc;urrt the prisoner's coun-
sc:l moved the Court for an arrest of judgment, which was
granted by the Court unt;l May next. The prisoner was
held to bail in the sum of i:10,000, and being unable to
give bond, he was co:nimitted 0o jail, whcee he will proba-
bly remain until the final hearing of his case in May;
t-nuldi the motion for arrest of jidglrmncnt be finally sus-
THE UNITED STATES AND GREAT BRITAIN.
FROM THE LONDON MORNING CHRONICLE OP NOV. 22.
SETTLEMENT OF THE BOUNDARY QUEsTION.-We have
heard to-day, in quarters where information on such mat-
ters especially may be fully relied upon, that the question
of boundary between the possessions of Great Britain in
North America and the United States is on the eve of be-
ing formally adjusted, and in a manner, it is said, which
will give satisfaction to the Public on both sides, and be in
accordance with the views of the two Governments.
It is, in fact, stated that communications for some time
past have been going on between Mr. STEVENSON, the
American minister, and our Government upon this point,
and that it has been determined to appoint a commission
to decide upon the question, the Government at the same
time recommending mutually for their adoption, that the
river St. John's should form the separating line between
thie two countries, whereby that portion of the province of
Maine which the Americans have always claimed will be
ceded to us, and, as an equivalent, the coast and territory
lying between the rivers St. Croix and St. John's, equal in
size to what is given up on the other side, will be made
over to Am; .
By this means Maine will possess almost an entire wa-
ter boundary, and the country between Nova Scotia and
Canada will be laid open to us-a point in itself of the very
utmost importance, more especially at the present moment;
and there can be little doubt that the railway which has
often been proposed from Halifax to Quebec, but as often
put off in consequence of the state of the boundary ques-
tion, will soon be carried into effect, by which means it is
needless to say a most important and favorable change will
bo effected in our Canadian trade.
LATEST FROM TEXAS.
FROM THE NEW ORLEANS TRUE AMERICAN.
The steamer Columbhia, Capt. Wade, arrived tn Tues-
day in forty-eight hours from Galveston.
The death of JOHN A. WhARTON, one of the most pro-
minent men of Texas, is announced in the Texas papers.
At the last elections, Mr. WHARTON was elected to the
Dr. ROBERTS has been appointed Collector of the Port
of Gaiveston, and MEMUCAN HUNT Secretary of the Navy.
Gen. RUSK has been elected Chief Justice, B. E. BEE
appointed Secretary of State, and S. S. JOHNSON Secreta-
ry of War. RICHARD G. DUNLAP is Secretary of the Trea-
sury, and CHARLES WATROUS Attorney General.
We learn from the Houston Telegraph that the neigh-
borhood of Bexar enjoys perfect tranquillity, the Camanches
not having been seen near there since the 20:h ult. The
SMexican traders from Rio Grande announce that all the
citizens h;.reabout are in favor of federalism, and manifest
the most friendly feelings towards the Texians.
Letters have been received from the States announcing
that all the vessels authorized to be procured by the act of
Congress are now on the stocks, and will be ready for sea
on the 1st of May next.
FROM THE NEW ORLEANS COURIER, DEC. 26.
The invasion of the soil of this State by the Command-
Sing-General of the Texian army affords an unpleasant il-
lustration of Texian notions of international law and
State sovereignty. If such things are done thus early by
:. jpope 'cv! but yesterd'".y, as it wit-e, owed anlUgi;ance to-
the laws of the United States, what may we not in Louisi-
ana apprehend when our neighbor shall have thrown off
his swaddling-clothes and attained maturity and strength
among the nations of the earth ? We trust the Govern-
or of Louisiana will demand reparation for the insult, and
the punishment of the officer who gave it.
The following particulars of the outrage we copy from
the Natchitoches Herald of the Gth instant:
A courier was despatched about a week ago from
Shreveport to Fort Jesup, with the astonishing intelligence
that that town was filled with an armed force from Texas,
amounting to about one hundred men, under the command
of Gen. RUSK, and that the lives of many of its citizens had
been threatened by the invaders,
On the receipt of this intelligence, Col. MMNY, with
all the troops under his command, and taking with him
one field-piece, promptly marched to succor the citizens of
Shreveport. The result of his expedition is not yet known,
though, since he left Fort Jesup, we are in receipt of later.
news from Shrevoport, which renders it certain that our
gallant Colonel and his command will not have a chance
to measure swords with the Texians, as they had already
left the country.
We understand that Gen. RCSK stated that he came
with no hostile intention toward the citizens of the United
States, but that the Caddo Indians, living within the
United States, had crossed over into Texas and waged
war upon its citizens, and that he came to disarm them.
This, we understand, he did-as will as threaten Mr.
SEWALL, the Indian agent at Shreveport, for having fur-
nished them with arms and ammunition. Gen. RUSK, we
further learn, had a talk with the Caddoes, made a treaty
with them, and returned to Texas."
At Ilomewood, near Pittsburg, on Thursday evening,
27th ult. by the Rev. GEO.GE UPor.LD, D. D. Lieut.
JOHN SANDERS, of the Engineer Corps, U. S. A. to
MARIA L., daughter of the Hon. WMa. WVmlxtoNS.
EASTERN IHRANCHI BRIDGE.-The stockhold-
ers of the E, stern Branch Bridge Company are hcreby
notified to attend a meeting of the stockholders, at the Bank of
Washington, on Tuesday, the 29li instant, (January,) at 4
o'clock M. Mon business of importance.
iBy order of tie Directors : SAMUEL H. SMITII,
jun 7-2a3nt29j President.
A .r- T -. NESK AT PUBLIC SALE.-By virtue
of a deed in trust, executed to the subscribers by the An-
glo-Ain erican Geld Mining Association, for purposes therein
mention ed, we shall proceed to sell, to ili highest bidder, t
the court house in the town of Chiarlotie, North Carolin a, on
Monday, the 28th of January, 1839, (and continue frcm day to
day, until ;ill is sold;) all the property conveyed in said trust,
as follows, viz.
One tract of land, known as the Washington Mine, on which
a vein of gold has been recently discovered of large extent,
and ore of unequalled riciihess, which would yield iminense pro-
fit to any one authorized to work it.
One tract, known as the Clareinnt Place, together with the
tract adjoiinig, containing the Alexander Mine.
One tract called the Henderson Mine Tract.
One tract li. lih., the Washington Mine, containing forty
acres of lard.
A lease for a term of years on the Harris Mine ; and also a
lease on the Susannah Alexander Mine.
A tract joining the Harris Mine, called the Roger's Hill Mine.
Likewise, 4 Steam Engines, and Gold Mills attached there-
to, with the buildings in which they stand. Also, the valuable
Mills and Machinery on Mallaid creek; four or five sets of
Ill 'I. -I'.,,'s Tools, of a superior quality ; and an iron Turning
Lahle of the first quality. Together with Quicksilver, Mining
Stores, Stock, and many other useful and necessary articles for
farmers and miners, too numerous to name in thii. advertise-
ment. Terms made known on the dav of sale.
JOS. H. WILSON,
JOS. P. HENDERSON,
jan 4--t Trustees.
SATURDAY, JANUARY 5, 1839.
The VICE PRESIDENT communicated to the Senate
a letter from the State Department, showing the number of
clerks and the amount of their salaries and duties for the
Also, from the same Department, in compliance with a
resolution of March last, calling for the number of suits
in the Circuit Courts of the United States.
Also, from the Treasury Department, in obedience to
a resolution of the 31st ultimo, calling for correspondence
between the Treasury Department and the Banks of North
America and of New York in 1798.
Also, in obedience to a resolution of the 20th ult. show-
ing plates of the land through which the Mount Carmel
and New Albany railroad passes.
Also, from the same Department, statements showing the
condition of the incorporated banks of the District of Co-
The following memorials, petitions, &c. were presented:
By Mr. MOUTON: From the citizens of New Orleans,
asking Congress to make grants of land for the purpose of
the speedy completion of the Mount Carmel and New Al-
By Mr. STRANGE: From rHugh A. Crawford.
By Mr. LINN: The petition of John Perry, asking the
confirmation of a tract of land in Missouri.
Also, from 400 citizens of St. Louis, in relation to the
construction of a railroad.
By Mr. PRESTON: From Colonel Croghan.
By Mr. LYON: From citizens of Milwaukie.
Mr. MORRIS, from the Committee on Pensions, made
an unfavorable report on the petition of Mary Thomas.
Mr. NORVELL, from the Committee on Revolutionary
Claims, reported a bill for the relief of the wido,.r of Alex-
Mr. LINN introduced a bill authorizing the Portage
Land Company to center certain lands at Government prices
adjacent to Wisconsin and Fox rivers, in the Territory of
Mr. WALKER gave notice that lie should to-morrow
ask leave to introduce a bill to transfer to the State of Ma-
ryland the stock held by the Government in the Chesa-
peake and Ohio Canal Company.
Resolutions were introduced by Mr. BENTON and
Mr. WILLIAMS of Maine, in relation to inquiry into
The bill tfr the relief of Sarah Angel and other heirs at
law of Benjaunin King, deceased, was considered in Com-
mittee of the Whole, and ordered to be engrossed for a
The report from the Committee on the Contingent Fund
of the Senate, appropriating seats in the gallery for cer-
tain reporters, was taken up. when a debate arose, in which
Messrs. KNIGHT, PRESTON, KING, BUCHAN-
AN, and NILES took part. On motion of Mr.-NILES,
the report was indefinitely postponed, as follows:
YEAS-Messrs. Allen, Benton, Brown, Buchanan, Clay, of
Ala. Fulton, Hubbard, King, Moutor, Nicholas, Niles, Pierce,
Roane, Smith, of Conn. Strange, Tipton, Walker, Williams, of
Me. WVilliams, of Mi. VWright-20.
NAYS -Messrs. Clay, of Ky. Clayton, Crittenden, Davis,
Foster, Knight, Lion, Lyon, Morris, Norvell, Prentiss, Preston,
Rives, Robbins, Robinson, Smith, of Inda. Swift-17.
The unfinished business of yesterday was taken up, viz.
the resolution calling on the President to furnish any in-
formation in relation to any correspondence between the Sec-
retary of War and officers or agents of the Bank of the
United States, when
Mr. NILES rose in reply to Mr. RIVEs's speech of yes-
terday, and addressed the Senate till four o'clock.
Mr. CLAY, of Alabama, then moved to postpone the
further consideration of this business till Tuesday next,
that the bill for the graduation of the public lands might be
- ta:-no up .-)n Mandany; which motion was carried, and the
The following resolutions were adopted on Friday:
On motion of Mr. LUMPKIN,
Resolved, That Ite Committee on tile Post Office and Post
Roads be instructed t inquire into and investigate the causes
and impediments which so often obstruct the regular and puinc-
tual transportation of the mails to and from the seat of Govern-
ment on the great leading post routes of the country, and re-
port, by bill or otherwise, such remedy as may be entitled to
the consideration of Congress.
On motion of Mr. MOUTON,
Resolved, That the Committee on Military Affairs be in-
structed to inquire into the expediency of making an ainpropria-
tion for the eretlion of barracks in the vicinity of Shirvesport,
in thle State of Louisiana, for the pccominmodalion of such mili-
tary force as nmary ecesary for the protection of the frontier
settlement in that neighborhood.
On motion of Mr. BENTON,
Resolved, That the Secreiary of the Treasury be directed to
communicate to the Senate any authentic information he may
recently have received in respect to the modes of collecting,
keeping, and disbursing public moneys in foreign countries.
IIOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Mr. MASON, of Ohio, asked !cave'to offer the following
resolution, which was read for information :
Resolved, That EORGEn W. JoxES, late Delegate fiom the
Territory of Wisconsin, is not entitled to mileage or a per diem
compensation on account of his attendance at tihe present ses-
sion of Congress.
Objection having been made by Mr. WISE,
Mr. MASON moved a suspension of the rules, and
asked the yeas and nays on that motion.
The SPEAKER said that it would relieve him from
some emba-'rassmunt if time House would take some action
on this subject. He had received a communication from
Mr. JONES, which he desired an opportunity to lay before
Mr. WISE thereupon withdrew his objection, and the
SPEAKER laid before tile Housc the following letters :
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, JANUARY 4, 1839.
Sin: I take this mode of informing you that a resolution will,
at the earliest opportunity, be intro uced to this Iouse, denying
your right to receive any compensation as delegate to the pre-
sent session of Congress.
I am, sir, with respect, your obedient servant,
J. R. GIDDINGS.
Hon. GkoncEG W. JONES, Washington City.
WVASHI,:"GTON CITY, JA:XIALY 5, 1839.
SIR: Considering myself entitled, under the usages of the
House, and the laws of the United States, to receive my mile-
age and per diem compensation as the sitting delegate from the
Territnoy of Wisconsin, I received froni the Scrgeant-at-Alms,
on the 20th ullime, a check on the Bank of Washington, fur my
muti!eago and per diem allowance up to that date.
hiavina received last evcnina the accomtanying communica-
tion from a memtberif of thie Hlou'e, iIon. J. R. GIDDINGS, of
Ohio, and not feeling willing to retain in my hands the com-
penamtion alluded to unless most clearly so entitled, I respect-
fully return to the House, through you, the original check,
t) be cancelled by the House, if in their judgment I am not en-
titled to it.
I came here under the solemn conviction that I was the right-
ful delegate of thie people of Wisconsin, to serve them here as
such until ih, 41h of Marchi next. This opinion was strength-
ened by hie advice of able counsel, before and since my arrival
here. I entertain the same opinion still but will submit to the
decision of the House in both cases without a murmur.
Very res!cctfully, your obedient servant,
GEO. W. JONES.
H10o. JAMEs K. POLK,
Speaker of thie House of Representatives.
The letters having been read,
The SPEAKER, with the permission of the House,
made a brief explanation of the course of the Sergeant-at-
Arms and the presiding officer of tie House.
By the journal of the -xtra session, at the opening of
the present Congress in September, 1837, it appeared that
" G ORGE WALLACE JONES appeared as thedelegate from the
referring the claim to a seat as the delegate from Wiscon-
sin to the Committee of Elections. Mr. JONES continued
in his seat as the sitting delegate. He, at various times, as
thejournal shows, presented petitions and resolutions, and
participated in the business of the House, as the sitting
delegate. This was permitted by the acquiescence of the
House, until the right to the seat was decided by the
House. Whilst Mr. JONES was thus the sitting delegate,
in his seat, in discharge of his duties as such, the Sergeant-
at-Arms or the presiding officer had no right or power to
inquire whether he was rightfully there. That was a
question which the House alone could decide. The law
reulating the pay of members and delegates, for aught
that appeared of record, entitled him to his compensation
until the time he was ousted by a vote of the House. He
called for his compensation, and neither the Sergeant-at-
Arms nor the Speaker had any discretion to refuse it un-
der the law. The check for his compensation was made
out in the usual way by the Sergeant-at-Arms, and signed
under the law. Since taking the Chair this morning, the
letter from Mr. JOiES had been laid on his table. And
now the question of compensation, under the resolution
before the House, was an open one. The House alone
can by its order refuse the compensation. Under the law,
the Sergeant and Speaker cannot. The Speaker express-
ed tle hope that the House would decide the question, and
thus relieve the subject from all doubt and embarrassment.
A debate followed. The resolution was advocated by
Messrs. MASON, of Ohio, and GIDDINGS, and was op-
posed by Mles.- rs. WISE, BOULDIN, BRONSON,
THO1M0\AS, CALHOON, of Kentucky, and POPE, the
latter of whom concluded his remarks by demanding the
previous question, but withdrew the motion at the request
of Mr. BIDDLE, and on the pledge of that gentleman
to renew it.
Mr. BIDDLE, according to promise, followed his re-
marks (which were highly complimentary to Mr. JONES,)
by moving the previous question. It was seconded, put, and
Mr. GRIFFIN demanded the yeas and nays on the
main question, being on the adoption of the resolution;
which were ordered.
Mr. THOMAS inquired of the SPEAKER whether, in
case the resolution should be rejected, he would consider
it as authority to pay Mr. JONES his per diem and mileage '
The SPEAKER replied in the affirmative.
And the question on the adoption of the resolution was
then taken, and decided in the negative: Yeas 89, nays 96.
So the resolution was rejected.
Mr. THOMAS asked leave to offer a resolution to the
effect that the Committee on the Judiciary be instructed to
inquire into the expediency of so altering the law as to
prohibit any Delegate sitting more than two sessions of
Congress on the same election, and to render more clear
the law as to the commencement of the term of such De-
Objection being made, Mr. T. moved to suspend the
rules to enable him to offer it; but the House refused to
suspend the rules.
Mr. STANLY moved an adjournment. Lost.
Mr. HARLAN, of Kentucky, aiked leave to offer the
Resolved, That the Secretary of War be directed to commu-
nicate to this House a statement of the final settlement of the
accounts of Lewis Cass, late superintendent of Indian affairs; of
the annualsalary of said superintendent; and of any extra com-
pensation, comumisions, or oilier allowances over and above his
auinnal salary, which have been credited or allowed to him at
the Treasury Department.
Objection being made, he moved to suspend the rules to
allow him to propose the resolution, and demanded the
yeas and nays ; which were ordered by the House.
Mr. POTTS moved an adjournment. Negatived.
The yeas and nays being taken on suspending the rules
to admit the offering at this time of the above resolution,
resulted as follows: Yeas 125, nays 27.
So the rules were suspend d.
Mr. HARLAN having offered the resolution,
Mr. HAMER, of Ohio, suggested, as an amendment, to
And at what time, and under what law or rule of the De-
partmenr, saln atnwnrrmnr were in d." -----..
Which Mr. HARLAN accepted as a modification of
Mr. McKAY moved to amend the resolution by insert-
Together with any opinion which may have been given by
the Attorney General in regard to said accounts or claims."
Mr. McK. accompanied the motion by some remarks
very imperfectly heard, in which he stated an opinion of
the Attorney General in reference to the matter in ques-
tion, and what had been done in consequence of it.
At the suggestion of Mr. ADAMS, a verbal alteration
was made in the amendment of Mr. McKAY, by substitut-
ing the word "allowances" instead of "claims."
The amcndmttt of 'Mr. McKAY was then adopted:
Ayes 77, noes not counted.
The resolution of Mr. HARLAN, as amended, was then
The SPEAKER laid before the House a letter from
the Secretary of the Treasury, transmitting copies of the
returns rendered to the Treasury Department, agreeably
to law, by the incorporated banks of the District of Colum-
bia, showing the state of their affairs at the close of the
Mr. MILLER wished to offer a resolution; but, before
leave was given,
The House, on motion, adjourned.
On Friday, the SPEAKER laid before the House hre-
port from the Secretary of War, on the petition of Eliza-
beth S. Bell, referred to him on the 11th May last.
Also, a letter from the Secretary of State, stating that
no report has bren received, at the Department of State,
from the cortnissioners appoint d to survey and run the
boundary between the State of Missouri and the Territory
of Iowa, called for by the House on the 31st December ult.
Also, a letter from the Secretary ofStato, transmitting a
iist of names of the persons employed as clerks in the De-
partment of State in the year 1838, with the compensation
Also, a letter from the Secretary of the Treasury, trans-
mitting a report from the Comptroller of the Treasury, in
answer to the call of the House.of the 31st December ult.
for information in relation to.the circular of the Comp-
troller issued in the year 1821, and in relation to certain
bonds and warrants referred to in the documents accompa-
nying the President's message in relation to the default of
Samuel Swartwout, late collector of New York.
g O L DAVIS, Attorney at L1aw, Dubuque, Iowa
1 05 T'erri tory, will attend to business entrusted to his
care lhire, at Galena, Illinois, and in Grant county, Wisconsin
lion. IIv. Johnson, of Niw Orleans.
John Laidlow, New York.
Charles F. Mayer, E.q. Baltimore.
Moses Thtonn:s, Philadelphia.
E. W. Ingraham, Philadelphia.
Geo. and Edwvard Curti:, counsellors at law, N. York.
IIon. Daniel Webster, loston.
Hon. Lewis F. Linn, United States Senate.
Hon. G. W. Jones, Delegate, Wisconzsi TTerrilory.
Hon. A. G. Harrison, House of Reps. U. S. Missouri.
Hon. B. C. Howard, Baltimore, Md.
Hon. John Chambers, Maysville, Ky.
Hon. Richard. M. Young, of the U. S. Senate, Quiincy, 11l.
Hon. Ogden IIofinan, House ofReps. U. S. New York.
lion. C. Cushing, Boston, Mass.
150 DOLLARSI REIVARD.-I will give one
1 hundred and fifty dollars for the apprehension of
negro man NAT, hose, saddle and bridle. This is the same
negro that ran off on the 8th instant, which is advertised. I
have ascertained that he has been lurking about the neighbor-
hood until Sunday, the 19th, at which time he stole my horse,
wagon, saddle and bridle. Nat left my farm near Upperville,
Fauquier county, Virginia, on Sunday, the 19th. He is about
22 years of age, about 5 feet 10 inches high, weighs from 175
to 180 pounds; he is stout made, but not very fleshy; he is
very black, and his hair very nappy, but short; he has rather
I -- I--- 1:,,I ,. .- -- 1...IW
-~c~nrlr~,,-. -~---- -- r~ysc~i3i~r ~!--plSiC~lmr"'~d~--- '-fpYr~a--~~pq~Lt~--L rLra4~Z~ay~iC~i1FLI~~?AP~Y ~-rr-\~~n~-?~F*c~p~~R~nklZ~i~d-~Lih-~BFi O~SWY-J;L --I ~~-ll~RI)lll~~II
III, I -~F -- U-0 I- --_ ~ 1
SPIRIT OF THE PRESS.
When the People conceive that laws and tribunals,
Sand even popular assemblies, are perverted from the ends
of their institution, they find in these names of degene-
Srated establishments only new motives of discontent.
SThose bodies, which, when full of life, lay in their arms
Sand were their joy and comfort, when dead and putrid,
become but the more loathsome from remembrance of
FROM THE TROY (N. Y.) MAIL.
The above passage from one of the ablest
pamphlets in the English language, although
written for another hemisphere, contains a les-
son peculiarly applicable to the American Peo-
ple at the present moment. Those who have
marked with any attention the indications of
late events, and the ebb and flow of popular
opinion in this country, cannot have failed to
notice a constant and increasing departure from
the spirit and design of many of our institutions,
and a growing indifference, if not disgust,
among the People towards them.
The spirit of radicalism which has spread so
rapidly throughout the land, and taken such
deep hold in the minds ot immense numbers
during the last few years, though associated
with the worst and basest passions, and foster-
ed and encouraged by the vilest of men, has, in
fact, sprung from the abuses which have crept
into our civil and political establishments. It
is very natural that '"the laws should lose
their restraining influence," when administered
in such a manner that the People cannot res-
pect them. Let any intelligent citizen spend
Three weeks in attendance upon the lower tri-
bunals of justice in this country, and he will no
longer wonder that so many set at naught the
penal or remedial enactments of the Legisla-
ture. In this State alone, we venture to assert
that there are at least two thousand persons en-
trusted with the prerogatives of dispensing law
and justice who are totally unfit for their stations.
In the higher co ts of civil and criminal juris-
diction evils of equal magnitude exist. To some
of these we adverted the other day.
The military arm is equally impotent. The
militia laws and regulations, with all their ap-
pendages of" annual training" and equipment
and courts martial, have become a perfect bur-
lesque. A resolute man, with a blunderbuss
ahd ten rounds of buck shot, would run no
great hazard in setting a whole battalion at de-
fiance. We verily believe that this country is
more indebted, at the present time, for its ex-
emption from the frequent occurrence of fla-
grant crimes, to the restraints of moral and
Christian discipline, and the fear of punishment
in another world, than to all the terrors of its
civil and military power combined.
For other causes which have tended to de-
grade our form of government and wean the
popular affections from its once prized esta-
blishmeuts, we might point to the many artifices
resorted to in our popular assemblies to defeat
the will of the People, and suppress those very
opinions which they are called to carry out.
We might also appropriately criticise the un-
becoming levity, and, in many cases, the igno-
rance displayed at these meetings in discussing
questions of deep and solemn interest to the
People; and, above all, turn to the scenes of
brutal ferocity and undisguised fraud which
'have become of late prominent charactfrismtie'
"Wimf elections. All of these have been impor-
tant and leading inducements to the state of
popular sentiment now so ominous of future
evils to our present free form of government.
If we desire to bring back the love of the
People to our institutions, we must free those
institutions from the corruptions which are fester-
ing upon them. We may rail at the spirit of
insubordination and popular fury till we grow
hoarse, but we shall never check it until we
purge the fountains from which it sprung. It
is in vain to prate of the intemlgence of the
People while our national councils and public
men act as if the People had neither eyes nor
Those who love order, and equity, and right,
have an imposing and responsible task to per-
form. If forgotten in party zeal, or in the pur-
suit of mean or temporary objects, the day may
pass by for its accomplishment.
FROM THE BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER.
Of late the distinction between a Republic
and a Democracy has almost faded from the
minds of men, and at the same time (from this
and co-operating causes) the moral influence of
the law has decreased. The evidences of it are,
Lynch law at the South; Abolition riots every
where; the burning of the Nunnery at Charles-
town; last and worst of all, the merely political
insurrection at Harrisburg. In all these cases
the delegation of authority was disregarded, and
the redress of alleged public wrongs was at-
tempted by the direct action of the People-af-
ter the manner of a Democracy.
That the distinction between a Republic and
a Democracy has become dim, is not a matter of
accident, but the result of laborious effort. For
years, the partisans of the party whom the
Whigs have opposed, either inapprehensive of
principles, and the virtuous wisdlom of adhering
to them, or recklessly seeking to use whatever of
prejudice or ignorance they could find or make,
for party purposes have labored to confound
the distinction. They have proclaimed by word
and deed that "our government is a Democracy,"
until the difference between regarding and con-
founding the distinction had become the differ-
ence between the Whigs and their opponents.
At a fire in New York on Wednesday, in the Turpen-
tine Works of Messrs. WEST & Co., two boys were acci-
dentally run over by hose carriages. One of them, a lad
in the employ of Mr. DAVIS, corner of Washington and
Morton streets, had a leg broken short off; the breast of
the other was run over, and he is thought to be severely
injured internally. This is the fourth time the same works
have been destroyed within a few years.
JOHN O'NEIL, M. D. of New Orleans, was convicted of
perjury on the 22d ult. and sentenced to five years' hard la-
hanr. in the RStat. mr;nn -rn o hl frrven a nnta tn h;i rwash_
PAN FOR THE ARMED OCCUPATION OF
THE TERRITORY OF FLORIDA.
The following Bill, reported by the Committee
on Military Affairs in the Senate, is now de-
pending in that body :
A BILL to provide for the armed occupation and settle-
ment of that part of Florida which is now overrun and
infested by marauding bands of hostile Indians.
Be it enacted, <.c. That there shall be granted to the
first white settlers, not exceeding ten thousand men, able
to bear arms, who shall settle in such parts of Florida, east
of the Suwannee and south to Cape Sable, as shall be de-
signated by the President of the United States, a bounty
of three hundred and twenty acres of land each, upon the
First. The settlements to be in stations, designated by
the commander of the United States troops in Florida, ac-
cording to a general plan to be approved by the President;
not less than forty nor more than one hundred settlers to
be at each station, nor the stations to be nearer than ten
miles to each other; each settler to provide himself with
arms for his defence, and implements of husbandry to cul-
tivate the ground for his support, and to remain at his sta-
tion until the Indians are removed, without being absent
therefrom, except temporarily, for necessary supplies, or
for objects connected with the subsistence, security, and
defence of the station; and no settler shall absent himself
from the district in which he may settle, as hereinafter de-
fined, without leave from the commanding officer of the-
United States troops within the district.
Second. Each settler to engage in the cultivation of
grain and vegetables for his own support, or for sale to
others, tor which purpose the public land about the station
may be freely used.
Third. Each station to be protected by blockhouses and
stockades, to be put up by the settlers, with the aid of the
United States troops.
Fourth. Special military protection shall be given to
each company of settlers while putting up their blockhous-
es, and a general protection will be afterwards given by a
military force kept in the country.
Fifth. The officer of the United States troops present at
the establishment of the station shall report the names of
the settlers to the commander of the troops, who shall re-
port them to the Secretary of War, with the day on which
the settler arrived ; a copy of which shall be evidence of
the settlement. New settlers arriving after the establish-
ment of the station, will report in person to the nearest
United States officer immediately. The names of all the set-
tlers shall be recorded in duplicate books, one book for the
settlers in each district as hereinafter laid off, and a copy
thereof to be kept at the principal military station in each
Sixth. Rations of bread, meat, and salt shall be allowed to
the settlers south of the latitude of the mouth of the Wyth-
lacoochee, for one year, to be delivered at the nearest de-
pot on navigable water.
Seventh. Ammunition to be furnished to the settlers south
of the latitude of the mouth of the Wythlacoochee, to be
applied for at the nearest military post.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That, at the return
of peace and removal of the Indians, each settler whoshall
have complied with these conditions, or his widow and
heirs at law, in the event of his death, shall be entitled to
a bounty of three hundred and twenty acres of land, to be
selected from any of the public lands in the district in
which he settled, in the peninsula of Florida, or east of
the Suwannee river or adjacent keys and islands; the said
selection to be made by the settler according to priority of
settlement, so that first settlers shall have first choices ; but
when two or more settlers, in the same district, shall have
settled on the sane day, priority of choice between them
shall be decided by lot.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the President
shall cause frequent inspections to be made of the settlers
at the stations by any officer of the line or staff, to verify
the presence of the settlers and their compliance with the
conditions of this act, and the actual condition of their
arms and ammunition.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That, as soon as the
surveys can be safely commenced, all the public lands east
of the Suwannee, and also in the peninsula of Florida and
in the neighboring keys and islands, fit for cultivation,
shall be surveyed ; and land offices shall be opened for re-
ceiving, in addition to their other duties, the entries of the
settlers who can prove a compliance with the conditions
mentioned in this act; and, to aid such proof copies of the
book containing the names of the settlers shall be deposit-
ed in such offices.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That one land office
bhanl be opened in the district of country north of' the lati-
tude of the mouth of the Wythlacoochee; another in the
district south of that line and north of a line drawn across
the peninsula from the southern extremity of Tampa
Bay; and a third in the district south of that line and in-
cluding the remainder of the peninsula; and the settlers
within these respective districts shall each be confined to
his own district in selecting and entering his bounty land.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the bounty lands
hereby granted shall be free of taxes, and unalienable,
even by judicial sale, until the patent issues, and also for
one year thereafter; the said patent shall issue to the ori-
ginal settler, if alive, and if dead, it shall then issue to his
heirs at law and widow, if he has left a widow, to be held
and divided by them according to the laws of Florida ; and
every alienation of any such bounty land, even by judicial
process, made before the issuance of the patent, or within
one year thereafter, shall be null and void; and the intru-
sive possessor, by virtue of any pretended sale, lease, de-
vise, gift, or transfer, contrary to this act, may be turned
out of possession at any time by an action of ejectment in
the name of the original settler or of his widow and heirs
at law, or any one or more of them, or in the name of any
subsequent purchaser, after the said land becomes legally
alienable; and full damages shall be recovered in the
same suit against the intrusive possessor as a trespasser
Sec. 7. Andbe it further enacted, That the privilege of
settling under this act shall cease at any time that the Presi-
dent of the United States shall declare, by proclamation,
that the objects of this act have been accomplished and ful-
filled; and any settler failing to comply with the terms and
conditions of this act shall forfeit all rights arising under
GAMBLING HOUSES IN LONDON.
That demon of destruction, the spirit of Gambliig,
stalks over this mighty Babylon, and every week erects
some new Hell" for the perpetration of its deeds, or opens
several small dens for the use of its miscreant minions.
To such a frightful and truly alarming extent has the vice
of gambling gone, and so rapidly and boldly are the sinks
of iniquity increasing, that parishes are now assembling,
and resolutions being passed, calling on the legislature to
arm the police with new and efficient powers, or that the
whole system may be put down by a su:mary proceeding.
At present, the law only allows the parish authorities to
proceed against known parties by indictment, and as it is
extremely difficult to obtain correct information relative to
the accused hell-keepers, justice cannot, unfortunately,
reach them. Formerly, they were pounced upon by the
police, and, if taken atjplay, committed to the House of
Correction as rogues and vagabonds; but such a mode of
attack is not likely to be successful now, for the places are
so completely secured that none but the initiated can ob-
tain admission. The other day I accompanied a gentle-
man who had formerly been a pigeon," but now too wise
to be plucked," and who is generally engaged to defend
any of the gang when they get in trouble, to one of the
principal places for playing. The outside or street door
was wide open; a magnificent lamp lit up the passage, and
a largP colored one outside glared down its various hues
upon the parties entering. At the end of about eight or
nine feet there was a closed door, at which we knocked: a
sliding panel was slipped aside, an eye became visible, and
in two minutes the door opened, and a voice at some dis-
tance exclaimed Comein." On pushing the door we en-
tered another passage of about live feet, where we were
stopped by a third, through which we were again received,
and finally escorted up stairs into a most magnificent sa-
loon. It is this system of bolts and bars which prevents
the police, even in plain clothes, from obtaining an entrance,
and what is wanted from Parliament is the permission to
break open all the doors of a house against which the par-
ish authorities shall lodge an information, and take all the
MONDAY, JANUARY 7, 1839.
The VICE PRESIDENT communicated to the Sen-
ate a report from the Secretary of the Treasury, in obedi-
ence to a resolution of the 4th instant, calling for informa-
tion in relation to the modes of collecting and disbursing
public money in foreign countries.
Also, from the Secretary of War in relation to the pre-
sent condition of the Memphis road.
Mr. WHITE communicated to the Senate information
addressed to him as chairman of the Committee on Indian
Affairs, stating the necessity of an additional number of
clerks. Also, in relation to officers disbursing public mo-
ney, and devising a plan relative to disbursing agents.
Also, asking an appropriation for transmitting vaccine mat-
ter to certain Choctaws, Chickasaws, and other Indians.
The following memorials, petitions, &c. were presented
By Mr. BUCHANAN: From Samuel R. Slaymaker,
in relation to a contract with the Post Office Department.
By Mr. ALLEN: From John Grigsby.
By Mr. PRENTISS: From Stephen F. Hemenway,
asking arrears of pension.
REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES.
Mr. TIPTON, from the Committee on Roads and Ca-
nals, introduced a bill granting to the State of Indiana a
certain quantity of land, for the purpose of making a road
from New Albany, in Indiana, to Mount Carmel, in the
State of Illinois.
Mr. STRANGE, from the Committee on Patents, ask-
ed to be discharged from the further consideration of the
petition of Chauncey Hall.
Mr. DAVIS, from the Committee on Patents, intro-
duced a bill extending the patent of Thomas Blanchard
for fourteen years.
Mr. WILLIAMS, of Maine, from the Committee on
Pensions, asked to be discharged from thc-ffiler consider-
ation of the petition of John Smith.
Mr. WALKER, agreeably to notice, submitted a bill to
authorize the transfer, on certain conditions, to the State of
Maryland, of the stock held by the United States in the
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.
Mr. W., on asking leave to introduce this bill, said that
on the 9th of April last, the Senate. on his motion, had
adopted a resolution calling upon the Secretary of the
Treasury for information as to the dividends received, and
present market value of the stock held by the United States
in various canal companies. To this call the Secretary of
the Treasury had responded in a statement, showing that
the Government never had received any dividend from its
stock in the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company, that
the stock is much below par, and that it is doubtful wheth-
er it can be converted into money at any l'rice. Mr. W.
said, as this stock was yielding nothing to the Govern-
ment, and could not be sold for money, he was willing to
transfer it for a reasonable equivalent to the State of Mary-
land. This equivalent was, that the State of Maryland
should ciuse, within a specified period, this canal to be
completed to the Ohio river, and that, when completed, the
canal, throughout its entire distance, should be forever free
for the transportation of any property, troops, or seamen, of
the United States, without the payment of any toll orchaige
whatever. This bill then involved the exercise of no doubt-
fil or disputed constitutional power, but simply provided
for the sale, for a reasonable equivalent, of this stock to
the State of Maryland.
On nmoion of Mr. NORVELL,
Resolved, That the Conmmittee on Public Lands be instruct-
ed to inquire into the expediency of granting to the State of
Michigan one hundred thousand acres fir the purpose of mak-
ing a canal around the Falls of St. Marie, to connect the navi-
gation of Lake Huron with Lake Superior.
On motion of Mr. ALLEN,
Resolved, That the Committee for the District of Columbia
inquire whether the banks of this District have confirmed with
the law of Congress, passed 31st May, 1838, and especially
whether they have ever, in any manner, evaded or attempted
to evade the conditions of said law by using the notes or billsof
corporations or companies of a less denomination than that
which they are allowed to use of their own notes.
The bill from the House of Representatives for the re.
lief of Pamela Brown, widow of the late Gen. Brown,
was read and referred.
The bill for the relief of Sarah Angel and the heirs at
law of Benj. King, deceased, was read a third time and
The bill for the relief of sundry citizens of Arkansas,
who lost their improvements in consequence of a treaty
between the LUii.ed StaleL and the Choctaw Indians, Was
considered in Committee of the Whole: and ordered to be
engrossed for a third reading.
The bill making an appropriation for the support of the
Penitentiary in the District of Columbia was ordered to be
engrossed tor a third reading.
The bill to establish a criminal court in the District of
Columbia was taken up, and, at the suggestion of Mr.
RoANE, was passed by for the present, in order that certain
amendments might be introduced which were not yet
Also, the bill for the relief of James H. Clarke was post-
poned to take up the special order of the day.
The Senate resunied the consideration of the bill to re-
duce and graduate the price of the public lands. The ques-
tion being on the amendment reported by the Committee
on the Public Lands, in pursuance of their instructions, re-
stricting the benefits of the bill to actual settlers on the
lands purchased at reduced prict s under the bill--
Mr. CLAY, of Ala. moved (fiom the committee) to
amend this amendment by a proviso to allow residents in
the new States to purchase lands adjacent to their farms
at the reduced prices under the bill.
Mr. CLAY, of Ala. having explained and advocated this
amendment to the amendment,
A debate followed on the merits of the amendments and
the bill, in which Messrs. CLAY, of Ky., WALKER,
SMITH, of nd., and ROANE participated.
On motion of Mr. CRITTENDEN, (without any vote,)
The Senate adjourned.
Towards the close of the debate in the Senate on Satur-
day last upon the report of a committee of the Senate in
favor of a memorial asking that seats in the gallery be ap.
propriated to the use of certain reporters-
Mr. KNIGHT said that this memorial was presented
to the Senate by several gentlemen, who state that they are
reporters of the proceedings of Congress, and pray that
they may have some place assigned them in the gallery, or
any other convenient place. This memorial (said Mr. K.)
was referred to a committee of the Senate. The commit-
tee supposed that the object referred to them was, to select
a convenient and proper place for these reporters. They have
done so, and have reported that the front seat in the cast gal-
lery, on the right of the President's chair, is a place suita-
ble for them ; and they have also reported the resolution
now under consideration, assigning it to their use. The
committee do not propose to assign to these reporters the
whole of the front seat, as is supposed by so'"s Sertors;
neither does the resolution direct that the present report-
ers who are accommodated on the floor of the Senate shall
be removed to the gallery. No, sir, they will remain where
'they are. It permits these petitioners to have a place on a
part of the front seat of the gallery for their use. The
committee did not consider these memorialists as slander-
ers and venal letter writers, as stated -by the Senator from
Connecticut, but viewed them in the character of re-
It is for the Senate to decide whether we shall be shut
up in this room, and transact the business of the nation, or
whether we shall let our doings be known to the world-
through the instrumentality of reporters.
My intention, Mr. President, is only to vindicate the
committee, not to follow the wide range taken in this de-
bate, but to consider the resolution before the Senate, and
whether these reporters shall have a place assigned to
them or not. These memorialists are represented in their
memorial as reporters of the proceedings of Congress ; they
have signed their names to the memorial, and have given
the names of the public papers they report for ; they are pa-
pers at a distance from this place.
It is not presumed that these persons will give long and
detailed reports of the debates of Senators, but they will
give a synopsis of the transactions of the Senate in a man-
ner as acceptable to the Public as the reports of whole
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Some conversation took place between the SPEAKER
and Mr. SLADE, as to the order of business; when
Mr. SLADE moved that the House proceed at this time
to the consideration of a petition heretofore presented by
him, from certain citizens of West Randolph, Orange coun-
ty, Vermont, praying the recognition of the independence
of Hayti; the pending question being on the motion of
Mr. SLADE that the said petition be referred to the Com-
mittee on Foreign Affairs, with instructions to report a bill
recognizing the independence of that Republic, and mak-
ing provision for entering upon the customary internation-
al relations therewith, [which petition, giving rise to debate,
had been laid over under the rule.]
And on his motion Mr. SLADE (after expressing his anx-
iety to be heard in behalf of the petitioners) asked the yeas
and nays; which were refused.
And the question was then taken, and decided in the
negative without a division.
So the motion was rejected.
Petitions and memorials were presented by the following
From FLORIDA-Mr. Downing.
From MICHIGAN--Mr. Crary.
From ARKANSAS-Mr. Yell.
From M --.. ,iti-Messrs. Miller and Harrison.
From ALrABAMA-Messrs. Crabb and Chapman.
From ILLINots-Messrs. May and Casey.
Mr. E WING moved a suspension of the rule, to enable
him to offer a resolution.
But the House refused to suspend the rule.
Petitions and memorials were further presented by the
From INDIANA-Messrs. Rariden, Dunn, Ewing, and
From LOUISIANA-Mr. Johnson.
[Mr. JOHNSON, of Louisiana, presented the petition
of Duncan H. Ilennen, Clerk of the United States Dis-
trict and Circuit Courts for the Eastern District of Louis-
iana, exhibiting charges against P. K. Lawrence, United
States District Judge for that State. The charges set
forth are corruption, gross neglect of duty, intemperance,
and other charges of an equally serious character.
Mr. JOHNSON said that, as the petition embraced matters
of great importance, and as he thought it was due to the
State as well as to the Judge that the subject should be
promptly acted upon, he would move its reference to a se-
After some desultory conversation, the motion was agreed
to; and the committee was ordered to consist of seven
From Unio-Messrs. Goode, Coffin, Harper, Giddings,
Corwin, Morris, Ridgwav, Sheplor, Allen, and Swear-
From TENNESSEE-Messrs. Stone, Carter, Williams,
anl the Speaker.
From KENTUCKY-- Messrs. Chambers, Southgate, Mur-
ray, and Menefee.
From GEoRGIA-Messrs. Jackson and Towns.
From SOUTH CAROLINA-Measrs. Campbell, Thompson,
From Nonru CAROrINA-Messrs. Graham and McKay,
From VIRMoNIA-Messrs. B.uldin, M31 .,n, Coles, Banks.
Gar'and, Johnson, Craig, Taliaferro, and Beirne.
Mr. WISE rose and said; Mr. Speaker, I am about to
present a petition of a unique character. It has been pre-
sented to mne, and is addressed to the I-ouse of Repeisen-
tatives. It is from one man and one woman. I do not
know whether they have been joined together. It bears the
names of James S.White and Louisa Grosvenor, of Calais,
in the State of Maine. The petition has a very significant
seal. Stamped upon the wax is a sheaf of wheat, as it
were, sitting on an end in the harvest-field, and upon it is
the motto, "You deserve a thrashing." I do not know
whether this is meant for me, or whether it is meant for
this House. It seems rather meant for the House, as tIher.
are many heads of wheat here, and not one alone. Tlhe
petition prays that this honorable boly will rescind the re-
solution passed by a majority of this House on the 12th
ultimo, in relation to the disposition of certain petitions.
My motion is, that the petition be referred to the Com-
mittee of the Whole on the state of the Union, with in-
structions to report the following resolution, to wit :
Resolved, That the resolutions heretofore offered by Mr.
ATHERTON, (of New Hampshire,) and adopted by this House
December 17, 1833, especially that part of the same which re-
cognises the reception, by laying on tIhe table, ofabolition pe-
titions, be, and the same are hereby, rescinded : and that all
petitions in relation to the subject of slavery or the slave trade
in the United States, now received and laid on the table, be
returned to those who presented them ; and that they and all of
like character hereafter presented be nut received by this
Some conversation as to the disposill of the petition
ensued, when, Mr. WISE having intimated his wish to
say a few words, the petition (giving rise to debate) was
ordered to lie over one day.
From NEW YonRK--Messrs. Fillmore, Loomis, Gallup,
Mitchell, Noble, Marvin, Russell, McClellan, Camnbre-
leng, Anderson, Vanderveer, Foster, Curtis, Pratt, Kem-
Ile, Taylor, Clark, Brodhead, Moore, Putnam, Hoffman,
Peck, and Siblry.
Mr. FILLMORE presented a petition of certain citi-
zens, praying either the modification or repeal of the Neu-
trality law, on the ground that it was unconstitutional, and
that it had been veiy much abused. Referred to the Com-
mittee on Foreign Affuirs.
From VERMONT-Messrs. Hall, Alien, Fletcher, and
From CONNECTICUT-- Messrs. Toucey, Ingham, Haley,
Holt, and Whittlesey.
From RHODE ISLAND-Messrs. Cranston and Tilling-
From MassacrrErTTs-Messrs. Fletcher, Grennell,
Brigs, Cusliing, Reed, Linc,,ln, Parmenter, Calhoon,
Hastings, Saltonstall, and Adams.
Mr. CUSHING presented the memorial of Peter San-
born and others, of Reading, in the State of Massachu-
setls, Ipraying the House to rescind the resolution of the
12th December last, and moved that said memorial, together
with the Resolves of the State of Massachusetts on the
right of petition and debate, presented to the House on the
28ih of May last, and not finally acted on by the House,
be referred to the Committee of the Whole on the state of
the Union, with instructions to consider the expediency of
adopting the following resolution, viz.
Resolved, That the several States composing the United
States of America are not associated on the principle of unli-
mitd submission to thlie Federal Government, or to the Houses
of' Congress, or either of them ; but that, by the Constitution,
the People of said States constituted one General Governmentt
for special purposes, and delegated to that Government certain
definite powers only, reserving each State to itself the residua-
ry mass of tight to their own self-government; that while the
Constitution and laws of the United States do attach to the Peo-
ple'of the several States immediately, in those matters within
the true jurisdiction and confines of said Con..litution, and in the
modes limited and defined thereby, yet in all other matters the
States retain each its own political sovereignty; that to this
Constitution each State acceded as a State, and is an integral
pariy, and in its capacity of a sovereign State is represented in
Congress by its Senators duly appointed; that among the re-
siduary rights so by each State reserved is that of freely and
fully expression! its opinionoS on all subjects of public concern-
rment to the States or the People thereof, and of communicating
the s:id opinions to Congress; and that it is the constitutional
duty of the Senate and of the House of Representatives respect-
fully to receive, entertain, and consider, and maturelyand deli-
berately to decide upon, all such communications addressed to
it by either of the States of this Union; and the summary re-
jection of the same, without their being debated, printed, or re-
ferred, or any action whatever had thereon, is insulting to the
honor and injurious to the rights and interests of the said sove-
reign States of the Union.
] solved, 'i'hiI the Federal Government is a Government of
limited and specific powers, derived fiom tihe People of the U.
States thereby confederated and united, and to said Government
by them granted under the Constitution ; that all powers not dele-
gated to the said United States by the Constitution, nor prohi-
bited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively,
or to the People; that therefore no right of any denomination
can be cancelled, abridged, restrained, or modified by the Con-
gr ss, by the Senate, or tie House of Representatives, acting
in any capacity, by the President or any Department or officer
of tlhe U States, except in those instances in which power is given
by the Constitution for those purposes; and that, among other
imprescriptible and essential rights, tihe freedom of conscience,
of speech, and of time press, and the right of the People peace-
ably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress ;f
grievances, are of tle original and innate immunities of the said
Peopleof the United States ; rights of theirs not derived from or
to be measured by the common or another positive law ofthis or
anvothercountrv. bmutinherent in the said People as a People, and
tion of any id.it ;..f public concernment, and without inhibition
of subject to i., ti-- I from one portion of the Union, or exclusive
privilege ofit to those from another portion ; that all such at-
tempts to smother and suppress the discussion of particular sub-
jects, whilst illusory and fruitless in themselves, do, moreover,
impeach Ithe first principles of democratic liberty, which en-
join the establishment and propagation of political truth,without let
or fear; that the freedom of speech, forbidden by the Constitution
to be abridged in whatever case, is more supremely entitled to
immunity and respect in the person of the Representatives of
the People in Congress, who for all orderly speech or debate
in either House should not be questioned elsewhere, nor hin-
dered there ; that the House of Representatives may determine
the rules of its proceeding, but that it cannot constitutionally, Iy
a perpetual antecedent prohibition, preclude its members, or any
one or more of them, from debate and motion as to a specific ex-
cepted class of subjects, provided the same be things within the
purview of the Constitution, and concerning which the People
of the United States, or any part thereof, desired to be heard
through their Representatives in Congress.
Resolved, therefore, That all that partof a certain resolution of
the House ofRepresentatives adopted on the 12th day of Decemn-
ber last, which provides that every petition, memorial, resolu-
tion, proposition, or paper" of a prescribed class "shall, on the
presentation thereof, without any further action thereon, be laid
on the table, witlioit being debated, pointed, or referred," is a
i;..1 i .tn of the rights of tie States, whose official coinmunica-
tions to Congress of said class it excludes from due and proper
consideration-a violation of the right of petition inherent in
the People of the United States, which it cancels and1 abridges,
and a violation of the privilege of speech and of debate rightful-
ly appertaining to the metubersof this House, which it foreclos-
es andabolishes ; and, therefore, thatso much of said resolution
be, and the same is hereby, declared to be unconstitutional and
merely void and of null effect.
Mr. CCSHING expressing his intention to debate the sub-
ject, the motion of instructions lies over until another pe-
Among other memorials presented by Mr. ADAMS
was the following:
This memorial showeth: That, whereas sundry evil-minded
and ignorant persons have petitioned Congress for a recogni-
tion of the independence of Hayti, otherwise called St. Doemin-
go, a black republic; and, whereas, should such recognition
take place, a black negro ambassador must necessarily take up
his residence at the seat of Government, to the great scan-
dal of slaveholders, and the eternal di-grace of lthe Anglo-Saxon
blood; and, whereas a President (a "Northern man wilh
Southern principles") could not maintain amicable relations
with, such a functionary ; and, whereas, unless the President
interposed his authority, such functionary would not be permit-
ted to mix in good society, or receive the usual civilities paid to
other public characters ; and, whereas such treatment would
necessarily give offence to the Government of which lie is the
accredited representative, thereby leading to his recall, and in all
probability to a war between the two countries : fir these, and va-
rious other reasons unnecessary to mention, your memorialists
humbly pray that your honorable body would enact a law prohi-
biting any foreign nation from sending to our own any man who
is not a full-blooded Anglo-Saxon man, and can trace his line-
age back to Japhet, without any taint, mixture, stain, or blem-
i sh from the accursed race of Hami, from whom the inhabitants
of Africa are descended. And they further pray that an act
may be pissed prohibiting any one from holding any civil or
military ollice in the United States who shall have the least
mixture of African blood in his veins. And, to carry this law
into more complete eifect, your memorialists pray that there miay
be a standing committee of the House appointed, called "The
Committee on Colors," or The Whitewashing Conmmittee,"
whose duly it shall be to examine into the pedigree of every
member of Con dress, and (every man appointed to public office,
especially in the slaveholding States; and whenever, in any
case, any taint ofAfiican blood be discovered, su'lh member
shall instantly lie expelled from office, and his place filled with
a pure Anglo-Saxon American. And your nmemoirialists further
pray that that notoriously false assertion contained in the Dec-
laration of Independence, viz...hat "all men are created free
rn:tl equal," be erased from that document, and burnt by the
hands of the common hangman.
And your mlemorialists will ever pray. [Signed by 46.]
Mr. ADAMS having read it, and being about to move
Mr. DROMGOOLE raised the question of reception,
on the ground that it was not in its terms respectful to the
Mr. ADAMS contended that it was in no wise disre-
spectful to the House, but, on the contrary, that it agreed
in sentiment with a very large portion of its members; and,
if this was denied, he was ready to prove that the opinion
expressed in it in respect to a clause of the Declaration of
Independence was the opinion now held by a great portion
of the members from the South, It was the Southern slave-
He asked the yeas and nays on the reception of the
memorial; which were ordered, and resulted, yeas 24,
So the memorial was not received.
Mr. ADAMS then moved that the petition thus refused
to be received ne entered on the journal.
The CHAIR decided that this would be out of order.
Mr. ADAMS then moved that his presentation of the
memorial and motion for its reference be entered on the
The SPEAKER said that this could be permitted.
Mr. ADAMS. I wish it for the honor of this House.
The CHAIR. If the gentleman has more petitions to
presernt, lie will now present them.
Mr. ADAMS. 0, yes, sir, yes, sir; plenty more. He
then went on to present the residue.
Petitions feon MAINE were presented by Messrs. DA-
VEE, EVANS, ATHERTON, and ROBINSON.
From NEw HlAMPSUtIREE by Mr. CUSHMAN.
Messrs. MERCER, MeKENNAN, CURTIS, RARI-
DEN, JENIFER, and SNYDER, obtained permission,
and presented memorials, after all the States had been
And then the House adjourned.
The following petitions presented to the House were
specially brought to the notice of our Reporter:
By Mr. BRIGGS; The petition of Gee. Lathrop and 6 others,
and of E. Lornily and 9t others, citizens of lHawley, Massachu-
setts, against the admission of Texas or any other slave State
into iho Uniomn.
Of W. Bassite and 90 others: and George Lathrop and 6 oth-
ers, citizens of Hawley, for the abolition of slavery in the Dis-
trict of Colunmbia and Florida, and for suppressing the traffic
between the States.
Of Eliza S. Clark and 108 others, and Rachel Lathrop and 5
others, females of Hawley, for the abolition of slavery in tlhe
District of Columbia.
Of Edward Lassell and 108 others, legal voters of Williams-
town, Massachusetts, against the admission of any new slave-
Of E. Lasse!land 104 others, legal voters of Williamstown,
for the immediate abolition of slavery in the District of Co-
lh ui bin.
Of Edward Longly and 94 others, and Geo. Laihrop andti 6
others, citizens of Hawley, Mass. asking for the acknowledg-
ment of the independence of the Republic of Hayti.
By Mr. PARMENTER : The petition of Louisa S. Wether-
hee and 63 other women of Boxborough, Mass.; of Sarah Brig-
ham and 203 other women, ofWValtham, Mass.; of Ruth Bow-
ker and 72 other women, of Sudbury, Mass.; of Sally Wools
and 49 other women, of D)nstable, Mass. all praying for the
abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, and of the slave
trade in the United States.
Also, of Jos. W. Cross and 45 .thii:, of Boxborough, Mass.
f r the rejection of all proposals for the admission of any new
State whose Constitution pnay tolerate slavery.
Of Jos. W. Cross and 45 others, of Boxborough, Mass. for the
abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia.
By Mr. REED : The petition of Harriet Pierce and 562 oth-
ers, of Nantucket, Massachusetts, praying for the immediate
abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia and the Terri-
tories, and for the imnioediate piohiibition of the traffic in human
beings between the States.
A so, that no new State be admitted whose Constitution tole-
Also, that Congress will recognize, in the usual form and man-
ner, and enter into the customary international relations with
the Republic of Hayti.
Also, the petition of Isaac Austin and 17 others, of Nantucket,
for the regulation of comrrnerce among the States in such man-
ner as to prevent all commerce in slaves.
Also, of David Joy and 23 others, to reject all proposals for the
admission of Florida or any other new State into this Union
whose Constitution admits of slavery.
Also, of David Joy and 24 others, for the immediate and en-
tire abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia.
Also, of Jlhn Alkins and 3- others, of Provincetown, Mass.
for the prompt rejection of all proposals for the admission of
Florida or any other new State,which allows of slavery.
Also, of Ira Bidwell and 33 others, for the immediate aboli-
tion of slavery in the IDistrict of Columbia.
Three petitions of II. Wait and 14 others, inhabitants of Nan-
tucket, Mass. ; same subject.
Three petitions of Lucretia M. Hussey and 51 others, intab-
itants of Nantucket, Mass. ; same subject.
Also, of Joel Steele and 21 others, of Chatham, Massachusetts,
| Petition Congress to exercise their constitutional power to abolish
Slavery in thle District of Columbia and Territories.
By Mr. HIEMAN ALLEN: A resolution of the Legislature
of the State of Vermont for the grant of a tract of land for each
of the Colleges in that State. Referred to the select committee
raised on tlie subject of ile public lands.
S Also, tile petition of 75 citizens of Johnson, in Vermont,
for the recognition of the Kepublic of Hayti.
Also, of 74 males and 64 females, inhabitants of Johnson, in
Vermont, against the admission of any new S;ate into the Union
whose Constitution tolerates slavery, and against the annexa-
tior of Texts to the Union.
Also, of 58 males and 58 females, inhabitants of Johnson,
Vernimont, for the abolition of slavery in thle District of Columbia
and the Territory of Florida, and to prohibit the traffic in
slaves between the States.
By Mr. MARVIN: The petition of Russell Chappel and
others, of Cattarangus county, asking an appropriation for the
improvement of the navigation of the Alleghany river between
Pittsburg and Olean.
The petition of lake captains in favor of the improvement of
Van Buren harbor, on Lake Erie.
Also, several petitions relating to slavery in the District of
Columbia, the slave trade, &c., which were laid on the table.
By Mr. MITCHELL: The memorial of Margaret Steel, of
Il.: county of Niagara, praying for a pension under the act pass-
ed July 7th, 1838.
Also, five several petitions from inhabitants of the county of
Niagara, on the subject of the abolition of slavery in the Dis-
trict of Columbia, against the admission of any new State into
the Union whose Constitution tolerates slavery, against the in-
ternal slave trade, and against the annexation of Texas to the
By Mr. FOSTER: The petition of Joanna Smith, praying
for a pension ; of Gorham A. Worth, praying to be discharged
from a bond signed by him as surety for Samuel Edmonds;
and of Lettis Pond, fraying for a pension.
ly Mr. PECK : The petition of R. Lloyd and 100 others,
citizens of Alletany county, New York, praying an immediate
appropriation for improving the navigation of the Allegany
Also, of Thos. W. Scott and 108 others, citizens of Allegany
county, New York, to the same effect.
Also, of sundry citizens of Livingston county, New York,
praying the establishment of a post route from Livonia to Lima,
in said county of Livingston.
Also, of 60 males and 43 females of Centerville, Allegany
county, New York, praying for the abolition of slavery and the
slave trll in the District of Columbia and the Territories of
the United States, and to prohibit the domestic slave trade be-
tween thie States, and that the petition be referred to a select
Also, of 58 males and 43 females, from the same place,
against admitting any new State into the Union whose Consti-
tution tolerates slavery, and against the annexation of Texas to
the Union, and that the petition be referred to a select com-
Also, of Horatio Jones, 3d, and others, of Livingston county,
New York, praying an appropriation for improving the naviga-
tion of the Allegany river.
Also, the memorial of Samuel Gilman, of Perry, New York,
pI 'i iz compensation for services performed as an officer and
soldier in the armtly of the United States from 1789 to 1792.
Also, of C. Burton and others, of Livingston county, New
York, praying for the establishing of a post route.
Also, of A. A. Grover, in relation to steam-boilers and the
manner i f constructing them.
By Mr. McCLELLAN, of New York : The petition of Chas.
Kolier, of the city of New York, asking remuneration for ser-
vices performed in the pilotage of Government vessels. Re-
ferred to the Committee on Commerce.
Also, of Charles Darling and others, of Hudson, New York,
praying an appropriation for the benefit of the harbor at North
Black river lake, in Michigan. Referred to the Committee on
Also, of Abigail Allen, of Hudson, New York, praying a
pension. Referred to the Committee on Revolutionary Pen-
By Mr. BIDDLE: The petition of Warder, Nicholson, &
Co., James May, and many other citizens of Pittsburg, in re-
ference to the safety guard invented by Cadwalader Evans.
Referred to the Special Committee charged with the subject of
the Explosion of Stenm-boilers.
By Mr. GARLAND. of Virginia : The petition of Mary Gil-
mer, heir at law of Adam Shafley, for compensation for Revolu-
Also, of sundry citizens of Amherst and Nelson, in the State
of Virginia, for a mail route.
By Mr. C. H. WILLIAMS: The petition of Robert Shan-
non, of Perry county, Tennessee, a Revolutionary soldier. Re-
ferred to tihe Committee on Revolutionary Claims.
Also, the petition of Richard Barry and others, asking for a
charter of incorporation for the Lafayette Beneficial Society of
Washington City. Referred to the Committee for the District
By Mr. C. MORRIS: The petition of Hiram Cable and 292
other persons, praying Congress for the immediate abolition of
slavery and the slave-trade in the District of Columbia.
Also, the petition of Sylvanus Howe and 2 s other persons,
on the same subject.
Also, the petition of Aaron Dennis and 304 other persons, on.
the same subject.
Also, the petition of Orton Chapman and others, citizens of
Gallia and Meigs counties, or the same subject.
By Mr. GIDDINGS, the following petitions:
Of Kimball Easterbrook and others, inhabitants of Rich-
inond, Geauga county, Ohio, for a mail route from Richmond to
Franklin, in the county of Portage, in said State.
Of Levi SutlilT and 118 other inhabitants of Vernon, Trum-
bull county, Ohio, praying for the abolition of slavery in the
Territories of the United States and in the District of Columbia.
Of Ebenezer Saft and 135 others, inhabitants of Kingsville,
Ashtab'ula county, Ohio, on the same subject.
Of G. W. St. John and 96 others, inhabitants of Morgan, in
said county, on the same subject.
Of Alpheus Cowles an l tOO other electors in Geneva, in
said county, on the same subject.
Of Mary Cowles and 196 other ladies of the same place, on
the same subject.
Of H. P Dearborn and 91 other persons, of Morgan
county, Ohio, on thie same subject.
Of Samuel Hendry and 116 other inhabitants of Jefferson,
Ashltahula county, Ohio, on the same subject.
Of E. N. House and 93 other inhabitants of Lenox, in said
county, on the same subject.
Also, the remonstrance of G. W. St. John and 108 other in-
habitants of Morgan, Asbtabula county, against the annexation
of Texas to the Union, and thIe admission of any new State
whose Constitution tolerates slavery.
Also, of Elihu S. Gaylord and 108 other inhabitants of Ge-
neva, in said county, on the same subject.
Also, of Heed Baker and 135 other inhabitants of Kingsville,
in said county, on the same subject.
Also, of Mary Cowles and 135 other ladies of Geneva, Ash-
tabula county, Ohio, on the same subject.
Also, of Alpheus Cowles and 108 e!cctors of said township,
on the sane subject.
Also, of H. P. Dearborn and 98 other inhabitants of Morgan
county, Ohio, on the same subject.
Also, of Samuel Hendry and 116 other inhabitants of Jeffer-
son, Ashtabula county, on the same subject.
By Mr. RIDGWAY : The petition of Frederick Reinhart, a
citizen of the kingdom of Batavia, praying for a grant of land
from the Congress of the United States, as a recognition of his
services in the allied army during the Revolutionary Wfar. Re-
ferred to the Committee on Revolutionary Claims.
By Mr. HARPER: Petitions from citizens of Muskingum,
Coshocton, and Knox counties, Ohio, praying for a mail route
from Zanesville, via Belman's Cross Roads, Freazysburg,
Wes-t Carlisle, and East Union, to Gambia, Knox county.
Also, the petition of Carey Pratt, of the District of Columbia,
pI'r,\ing an increase of I pension.
B) Mr. DUNN, of Indiana: The petition of Geo. W. Hop-
kins, Jr. anid 0 other men, citizens of I)Dcauir county, Indiana,
praying for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia.
Also, the petition of Geo. W. Hopkins, Jr. and 77 other men,
citizens of Decatur county, Indiana, praying-
1. That the traffic in slaves among the States may be abolished.
2. That nr new slave State may be admitted; and
3. Protesting against the admission of Texas.
Also, three petitions of Horace Pease and 5 other men and 6
women, of Salt creek, Decatur and Franklin counties, Indiana,
upon the same subjects.
Also, the petition of Richard Oliver, praying for a pension.
Refeired to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.
By Mr. R ARJDEN : The petition ofsundry citizens of Wayne
county, Indi in i, ;'- the abolition of slavery and the slave trade
in the Distr'ct of Col0mbia. ..... ----.---""
Also, the petition from '-iuiie, againt- the annexation of Texas
to the United States.
Also, petition of the citizens of Joy, Wills, Huntington, and
Wabash counties, for a post route f:om Portland, Joy county,
via Camden, Mount Pelican, Blackford, Warren, and Lancas-
ter, in Huntington county,
Also, additional evidence of Benjamin Sayers for Committee
By Mr. HEROD: The petition of Thomas Bronaugh, pray-
ing for a pension on account of injury received while in the
service of the United States duringithe late war. Referred to
the Committee on Invalid Pensions.
By Mr. GRAHAM: The petition of James Smallwood, o
Clarke county, Indiana, praying tobe placed on the pension roll
or such other relief as Congress rmay in their wisdom grant,
Referred to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.
A Ilo tto, antiti n 4 f x f-rm ,,r, .r,n.i i f ,,, r1',-lr no nr I nr I Tn
Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and
TUESDAY, JANUARY 8, 1839.
TO THE EDITORS.
GENTLEMEN: I have read with less surprise than pain
the accounts of the heavy defalcations of public officers
which have been published in the newspapers and referred
to in the debates in Congress.
Every one may (and who can well avoid it?) lament the
existence of such a state of things, the long duration and
extensive range of which prove a cause adequate to pro-
duce the effect. No person, however, can wonder at the
effect, who is not at the same time ignorant of human na-
ture, and of the history of their country. It has, long be-
fore the occurrence of any of these recent events, been ob-
served, that where a Government rewards and promotes
some men without.merit, and dismisses others without in-
quiry or blame, public morals must deteriorate. Who
can deny the operation of such modes of prcf irment and
removal in the administration of the General Government
of the United Slates ?
Public opinion will correct such EVILS," say some;
b-t may it not ba at once replied to such suggestion of re-
medy, Were public opinion what it ought to be, would
such open moral derelictions take place ?
The curse of monarchies, according to our reading and
thinking, is flattery, poisoning the sources of honor and
preferment. Let us reflect only a few moments, and we
can hardly resist the conclusion that flattery to the People,
as the fountain of honor and preferment, must be produc-
tive of like demoralizing effect. It was once said to me, by
an intelligent foreigner, You are happy in this country-
the People cannot be bribed: were they sufficiently base,
they are too numerous." They cannot be bribed," was
my reply, but they can be flattered, and that to their
most enduring injury."
SWhether well or ill founded, this opinion I have not
changed, and now venture to add another observation.
Whenever flattery smokes under the nostrils of one or a
thousand monarchs, it is attended with a corresponding
offering of abuse and calumny against the unbelievers in
the attributes of the idol or idols.
Let any person read the columns of the Governmental
Shaster. and he will there find that all Democrats are mo-
dels of purity, and all Whigs are just as bad as every
vile epithet in the English language can depict.
Not even public opinion, but the very terms of our lan-
guage, is perverted by the violence of party. Fifteen years
ago, Democracy meant a Government of the People; the
same term now means, according to the Dictionary of
the Cabinet," a Government of a President, and Farmers
General appointed by him.
Federalist, a term never, until now, well defined,
according to the same inimitable lexicographers, means,
a swinish multitude, who, individually, are so foolish as to
deny governmental infallibility, and so ungrateful as tore-
fuse to acknowledge the kindness of those who offer, with
the utmost generosity and disinterestedness, to take upon
themselves the whole care of the entire nation.
The subject is too serious for jesting. Nor are the evils
confined to the United States. Such statements as those
referred to at the head of this article go to Europe, and do
there more to injure the cause of rational freedom, than
all that a thousand gentries could write. Our declama-
tions, not in favor of civil liberty in the abstract, but in
praise of our own particular forms of government, State
and General, must present a singular contrast to their ac-
tual effects. In fine, as we go, we are really the strongest
advocates the apostles of European governments could
call to their aid ; and, during the past ten years, have done
more to impair the credit of republican government than
could be remedied by the best Administration in half a
FROM THE NEW YORK AMERICAN.
DEATH OF COL. VAN SCHAICK.-The Albany Daily Ad-
vertiser of Friday morning is appropriately clad in the em-
blems of mourning, in consequence of the decease, on the
preceding day, of its able and accomplished editor, Colonel
JOHN BLEECKER VAN SCHAICK. The deceased was the
grandson of Col. G. Van Shaick, a brave soldier of the
Revolution. His age was thirty-five years, and the sick-
ness of which he died of six weeks' duration. The Albany
Argus pays the following just tribute to his memory, every
word of which is true:
Col. VAN SCIIAICK was a scholar and a gentleman, and
imbued with the chivalry and sense of honor which belong
to the character of each. He was a chaste writer; and
his productions, when the occasion demanded an effort, were
those of an accomplished and classic pen. Professionally
or editorially, his controversies were conducted with a free-
domn from the personalities which, in the absence of argu-
ment, characterize the labors of some of his contemporaries.
In his hands, the Daily Advertiser has acquired a deserv-
edly high standing, not only among its political friends, but
with the reading public generally. As an opponent, he
was honorable and courteous; as a trend, cordial from the
impulses of a generous and social nature.
Cut off in the prime of life, and in the strength of his
manhood, the death of Col. V. S. comes with fearful sud-
denness, carrying regret and sorrow to his friends and rel-
atives, and a voice of admonition to those who count, in
the confidence of high health, upon long and fortunate
We cannot but regret our physical inability to do jus-
tice, in some degree, to our own feelings, and to the char-
acter of one for whom, whatever may have been our
political relations, we could entertain no other than feel-
ings of personal regard."
At a village on the road to Meaux may be remarked a
small cemetery, at one end of which is a wind-mill. It was
placed in this unusual position by the will of a miller, who
bought a certain extent of ground in it, built the mill on
it, and, at his death, directed himself to be buried under-
neath, leaving, at the same time, a sufficient annual fund
for keeping up the mill, and paying a man to work in it.
The produce of the mill he directed to be devoted to the
school of the village and the relief of the poor, adding tc
his bequest these words: I beg Monsieur le Cure and
SMonsieur le Maire, my two best friends, to pardon me fo;
this fancy. It seems to me that the tick-tack of my mil
Swill be heard in my tomb, and will be pleasing to me. If
it reaches me, it will remind me that, although absent, I
am still useful to my fellow-citizens." The good miller's
request has been fully complied with, and the mill still
grinds on for the benefit of the village.
A schooner which sailed from Essex, jlacslchusetts
M-s-a-ltc sr, a respected shipbuildermie a' town, an(
neighborhood cjr3.Atr. Ar.-e, has .st 4 "" in tha
Goon ADVIcE.-Plutarch tell. us that a man shout
not suffer himself to hate even his enemies, because i
hating them you contract such a vicious habit of mind a
will by degrees break out upon your friends, or upon those
who are indifferent to you.
'" ~"~' ~""" ------- --- -- ^e-
CHARLESTON, (S. C.) DEC. 31.
MELANCHOLY AND FATAL ACCIDENT.-On Saturday last, be
teen 2 and 3 o'clock P. M. as Mr. SAMUEL PATTERSON, (
the firm of Patterson & Magwood, was passing along the strec
leading to awood's wharf, a bundle of hay was rolled out c
the door of the second tory, which struck him on the head
and knocked him down. On ho,, ;.. i;-, ; ..... .
GENERAL WOOL AND THA PATRIOTS.
FROM TIIF TROY MAIL.;
The suppression of disturbances on the Northern fron-
tier seems likely to produce one good effect, if no other-
the refutation of the slanders circulated to the prejudice of
General WooL, and the triumphant vindication of his con-
duct in preserving our neutrality relations last winter. The
Northern presses, we are glad to see, are coming to their
senses in this matter, and almost every day we notice
writers apparently anxious to do honor to the discretion,
conduct, and intrepidity of this valuable, though basely
A letter is published in a late number of the Montreal
Herald from a resident at the North, completely exculpat-
ing General Wool from the charge brought against him
by E. E. RODIER, of Montreal, referred to by us some ten
days ago. From this letter we make the following extracts
touching the circumstances and difficulties attending the
duty devolving upon him, and the manner of Gen. Wool's
encountering them. Speaking of the popular feeling among
the inhabitants near the lines, the writer says:
"They studiously prevented him, by every means in their
power, from coming in contact with any of the few who felt a
desire to maintain inviolate their own Constitution and laws.
He was directed and escorted along tihe frontier to tlio'se only
who favored the patriot cause. Notwithstanding all the efforts
to miislead and deceive, his experience saon penetrated the
flimsy curtain which concealed the truth, and exposed the fil-
lacy of the source on which he had confidingly relid for his
information. But whilst lie made this discovery, lie at the same
time made the still more painful one, by -Il,.'iin l him the mate-
rial with which his Government (like him.li,; deceived) had
intrusted him to prevent the invasion of a neighboring and
Unappalled, as most men would have been, when the start-
ling fact burst upon his view, that an invasion of Canada was
projecting, and that invasion aided and abetted in the tullest
sense by the militia, the only persons lie had at his command
or within his reach to put it down, he did not shrink, but -tern-
ly resolved to do his duty, and that, too, with the very men I
have spoken of; and, under all circumstances, how could he
have done it better than by foiling them with weapons of their
own providing? Instead of almost singly and alone combatting
a whole people, maddened with the delusive hope of success
and thirsting for plunder, as if solicitous for the fate of the (as
he often termed it to mie) hellish enterprise, with a manner pe-
culiar to himself he wormed his way into the very centre of
their secrets, and then, by one fell swoop, hurled all their pro-
jects to the dust. *
"I do not write as the defender of General Wool against the
aspersions of his enemies, nor do I try to allay the irritation of
those enemies, which has only been produced by the unflinch-
ing performance of the duty with which he was intrusted, be-
cause any thing that I could say in his behalf would meet with
no consideration, so long as the fact is so well known and
strongly felt as it is on this frontier, that he, with a few citizens
who wished to maintain and had respect for their own laws,
'ruined the patriot cause last winter;' but I should be glad
if I could impress on the loyal and brave people of Canada, for
whom I entertain the very best feelings, the.fact, and Istate
it from my own personal knowledge, that few men, under
the Same circumstances, and amid such deceptions, could iiave
accomplished what he did ; and I know, from my first to my
last interview withhim, that no man could more ardently de-
sire to maintain our laws to the very letter, and in all their
spirit; and when he did take his stand, his arguments were of
a kind that I shall never forget. Were proof necessary that
he did his duty, I need only mention the fact that our degraded,
servile, and miserable press, from one end of the frontier to the
other, breathed out their venom against him in the grossest
abuse; and some, to make themselves more ridiculous than the
rest, broadly stated that he had been 'bought with British gold '
Resolutions were even introduced into town-meetings, censur-
ing him as having far exceeded his powers. The ruin of the
patriot cause last year, and General Wool, will long be coupled
together in this place."
In addition to the foregoing, we take the liberty of pub-
lishing an extract or two from some manuscript letters sub-
mitted to us for perusal by General Wool sime time
since, addressed to him by a gentleman holding a high rank
in the service, and whose character as a noble-minded ofi-
cer entitles his declarations to implicit confidence. He
was, moreover, peculiarly situated to enable him to form
correct opinions of General Wool's conduct while stationed
at the north.
In a letter under date of Plattsburgh, April 17,1838, this
officer thus writes to General Wool:
At taking command on this frontier, the community, al-
most to a man, were against any interference with Canadian
revolutionary movements; and every measure of yours,
showing a determination to prevent an invasion of Canada
from our territory, was any thing rather than popular.
I am well aware of your exertions to prevent the re-
fugees from attempting an invasion or Canada, by means
which should tend to a breach of our laws of neutrality
with Great Britain; and of your unwearied efforts to con-
vince our own citizens that the time had arrived when they
should discountenance any movements tending towards a
breach of our lIws and treaty obligations, and when to be
longer silent in denouncing those who would coumpromit
our honor as a people was fixing a stain upon our national
escutcheon, which would require millions of money and
much of thie best blood of our own citizens to effuce. You
appealed to their love of country, to their respect for law and
order, to their regard for their own republican institutions,
and to their own and their nation's best interests. You
called their attention to the beautiful commentary it would
be on our institutions, if the natural, though misjudged ex-
citement which was hurrying us into acts both unwarran!-
able and unjust in reference to our most solemn treaty with
Great Britain, and for the faithful observance of which
Republican America had pledged her faith, could be allay-
ed by the virtue and intelligence of the People. This you
assured them (as is, most truly, the case) was the only
basis upon which democratic institutions could rest, and
which principles, if neglected or underrated, would leave
the whole fair fabric exposed to sudden and most certain
With you, as well as with a very limited number of our
citizens, it was matter of astonishment and regret that so few
could be found who were willing to reason at all on tth sub-
ject of the course which, as a mutual power, we should ob-
serve ; it was humiliating in the extreme, that citizens of in-
fluence, of noted piety and virtue, that those who loved their
country, and who had previously ever been foremost in sus-
taining its honor, should be so infatuated by the demon spirit
of unnatural and ungovernable excitement, as to pursue a
course so at variance with the religion which they professed
and so at war with their former opinions of the respect due
to our institutions and our laws."
From another letter ofa later date, written by the same
officer, we make the following extract, which contains a
eulogy upon General Wool, in which every man whc
knows him will heartily concur.
To you my countrymen have been ungrateful: nay,
more, unkind. Yet I cannot believe but that you will see
the day when they will attempt to do you justice. I have
been pained, deeply, sadly pained, on your account. hav(
seen you exerting mind and body, day and night, for tht
good of a people who persisted in doing all in their power
not only to frustrate your good designs, but to make yot
hate them, their laws and their country. Yes, I have seer
an American General do this, suffer this, and still love hi:
country, its laws and its institutions."
These are the gratuitous opinions of gentlemen of higl
Scharac'er well qualified to understand the merits and mea
l sures of an American officer. The publication of them
f though not perhaps desired by General Wool at the pre
sent time, is certainly due to his character, basely assailed
Sas it has been in various quarters, from no worthy motive
ST. Louis, DEC. 31.
We are pained to announce that Lieut. S. TIBBATTS, of
the U. S. Army, a young officer of highly respectable
standing, cut his throat in this city on Saturday evening,
and died immediately after wards.-Journal,
TO THE EDITOR OF THE ALEXANPRIA GAZETTE.
long-boat, in part loaded with merchandise, left Al-
exanui.. for uantico on Saturday, 82d December, and
on Sunday '-rning was so environed in the centre of a
large field of ice not to be able to break or cut out of it,
but was carried to ano c-om Indian Head to Cockpit Point,
with the ebb and flow of the tide, until Friday, the 8th,
when three of the hands were taken off in a perishing
condition, by Captain MITCHET,L, of the steamer COLUM-
DiA-the fourth hand having gained the shore at the Syca-
more Landing, in a canoe, after much peril, the boat being
TO THE EDITORS.
HousE OF REPRESENTATIVES, JAN. 7, 1839.
GENTLEMEN: The Globe of the 4th instant contains a
letter from the Hon. FRANCIS E. RIVEs, addressed to the
Editor of the Petersburg (Va.) Constellation, in which Mr.
RivEs has thought proper to notice, incidentally, my vote
on the resolutions offered by Mr. ATIIERTON on the llth
After expressing his approbation of the manner in which
the Constellation has noticed an article in the Richmond
WVhig, Mr. RIV.s remarks, I have thought proper to
give the following facts." The high character of Mr.
RIVES precludes the idea that he would intentionally do in-
justice to any, much less to myself, with whom he has but
a passing acquaintance. But as that high character adds
importance to the statement of facts set forth in Mr. RivEs's
letter, I conceive that it becomes my duty, as a Representa-
tive from a slaveholding State, also to make a statement of
facts. I shall confine my statement to the facts as they ap-
pear on the journals of the House.
On the 11th of December Mr. ATIERTON moved a sus-
pension of the rules to enable him to introduce his resolu-
tions. The rules were suspended, the solutionss intro-
duced, and Mr. ATHERTON addressed the House in support
and explanatory'of the resolutions. On concluding his re-
marks, he moved the previous question, which was second-
ed ; thus cutting off all debate, all amendment.
The first resolution declares that Congress has no ju-
risdiction whatever over the institution of slavery in the
several States of the Confederacy." Nothing is here said
as to the jurisdiction of Congress over that institution in
the several Territories or the District of Columbia.
The second resolution declares that petitions for the
abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia and the
Territories of the United States, and against the removal
of slaves from one State to another, are a part of a plan of
operations set on foot to affect the institution of slavery in
the several States, and thus indirectly to destroy that insti-
tution within their limits." Nothing is here said against
the abolition of slavery in the Territories or the District of
Columbia, as disconnected with the States. Nothing is
said as to the removal of slaves from the States to the Ter-
ritories or to the District of Columbia. Nothing is said
against the abolition of slavery in the District or the Ter-
ritories, if thi same be not a part qf a plan of operations set
on fool to of'ect slavery in the several States.
The third resolution declares "that the agitation of the
subject of slavery in the District of Columbia or the Ter-
ritories, as a mcans and with a view of disturbing or over-
throwing that institution in the several States, is against
the true spirit and meaning of the Constitution, an in-
fringement of the rights of the States affected, and a breach
of the public faith," &c. This resolution declares nothing
against the agitation of the subject of slavery in the Dis-
trict of Columbia or the Territories, if it be not done as a
means," nor with the view" of disturbing or overthrowing
that institution in the several States.
The fourth resolution does not mention the subject of
slavery by name. But let us examine the fifth and last
resolution. It is these words .
"Resolved, therefore, That all attempts on the part of Con-
gress to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia or the Ter-
ritories, or to prohibit the removal of slaves from State to State,
or to discriminate between one portion of the Confederacy and
another, with the views aforesaid, are in violation of the Con-
stitution, destructive of the fundamental principle on which the
Union of these States rests, and beyond the jurisdiction of Con-
gress, and that every petition, memorial, resolution, proposi-
tion, or paper, touching or relating, in any way, or to any ex-
tent whatever, to slavery, as aforesaid, or the abolition thereof,
shall, on the presentation thereof, without any further action
thereon, be laid upon the table, without being debated, print-
ed, or referred."
The journals show (page 67) that on motion of Mr.
RANDOLPH this resolution was divided, and the first mem-
ber of it was adopted by a vote of 149 yeas to 52 nays ;
and that neither myself nor either of the three gentlemen
whose names are mentioned in connexion with my own in
Mr. RivEs's letter voted against the first member, but all
voted for it. A motion was made by Mr. POTTS to lay the
second member on the table; I voted for that motion, but
it was rejected. The question then recurred on the adop-
tion of the second member of this resolution, and I voted
against it, upon the ground that, in my judgment, that
member of the resolution admitted the right to receive peti-
tions on the subject of the abolition of slavery. It de-
clares that they shall be laid on the table. And how, I
would ask, can the House lay them on the table without
receiving them'? Can they be laid on the table while in -
the possession of the member presenting them'? While
in his desk, or pocket, if you please ? Certainly not. To
be laid on the table, they must be received by the hand
of the House," and conveyed to the table. I will never
vote for any proposition which recognizes, covertly or
openly, the right to receive petitions on the subject of sla-
very in the District, the Territories, or the States, whether
it be with a view or used as a means of overthrowing or
disturbing the institution of slavery in the several States,
or with a view simply to disturb or overthrow tliat institu-
tion in tile District or Territories. I consider the right
of petition as circumscribed by the right of action; and I
do not recognize tihe right of Congress to act upon the sub-
ject of slavery in the States, the Territories, or the Dis-
Strict of Columbia, nor the right of any to petition on that
subject. It is a matter with which Congress has nothing
to do, and which it ought not to touch.
The letter which I have been considering states that the
vote on the 5th resolution was considered a test vote;"
and that those who were opposed to the abolition of sla-
very, and unwilling to excite the country with the discus-
sion of it, whether from the North or the South, went for
its adoption." No vote was taken upon the undivided re-
solution, and I voted for the first branch when divided. If
the vote on both, or either, of the members of this resolu-
tion is considered by some as a test vote," I have only to
say that I am prepared to undergo a much stronger test
against the abolition of slavery, or the agitation of that
subject, than that presented in Mr. ATnHRToN's resolu-
Stion. And if it is meant, by the above quotation, that all
who voted against the second member of the 5th resolution
are in favor of abolition, so far as I am individually con-
cerned, I spurn and repel all such imputation or inference
as wholly unwarranted.
I cannot hail these resolutions as a harbinger of peace
and security" to tile South. They are silent as to tlhe
subject of slavery in the District and the Territories, dis-
connected with that subject in the States. They do not
go fur enough. They ate not as strong as the South had
a right to expect, and on that account it was with reluc-
tance I voted for any of them. If have any thing to re-
gret as to my course on these resolutions, it is not that I
voted against the last member of the last resolution, but
That I voted for all but that member, or that I voted at all
on them. T. J. WORD.
JoHN SMITH VS. WILLIAM SMITH.--A most ludicrous inci-
dent took place when lhese two redoubtable names were called.
No less than twenty-five litigants all cried Here," siuiuI-,
tane-oiisly. The crier was absolutely puzzled, but, wishing for
the best, lie ventured again : "John Smith and Willimun Smith."
" Here !" roared a podgy-looking baker, who had just entered
the Court. Matters got st 11 more complicated. Vich is the
Bill Smilf wot owes nineteen bob for bread 'I" said the crier.
Nobody answered. Vich is the Bill Smiff as howes the beer
score ?" "I does," said abopt onpe-half of the Siniths present,
ind it was a considerable time before the numerous family of
the Siniths" were classed in any thing like order. None
would own the halfpenny worth of bread," but nobody denied
the "sack."-London paper.
lje Washington City Guards I-Parade this after
noon (Tuesday) on 14th street, at 1 o'clock precisely, comnplele-
ly equipped. By order. jan 8
C I''Y IOTS AT AUCTION.--On Friday afternoon,
11 th inst., at 4 o'clock, in front ofihe premises, 1 shall sell,
without reserve, lots 1 and 2, in square 449, containingabout 1 2,-
500 feet, corner of 6th and L streets. These lots are enclosed,
and ofler a fine o portunity to any one wishing to cultivate the
morus nulticaulis, the soil being deemed very ine for that pur-
pose, or for a darden, fronting South.
Terms, 4c. at sale. ALEX. McINTIRF4,
jun --td (GlobeI Auctioneer.
OOKS, BOOKS, BOOKS.-On Friday evening
I Ith instant, at 7 o'clock, I shall sell without reserve a
large and valuable collection of miscellaneous books, embrac-
ing many rare and scarce works in the various departments of
FROM A CORRESPONDENT IN THE INTERIOR.
TO THE EDITORS.
DECEMBER 30, 1838.
You have recently and justly exposed the large preten-
sions of some of our High 'Mightinesses, and might have
extended your remarks and strictures to the whole Cabinet
and its appendages, and to none other with so much of
truth and severity as the Post Office Department. To
many of these worthies who annually tell the world by their
reports to Congress what prodigious benefits they confer
on society, it is not enough for their inflatedself confidence
to stop short of invidious comparisons with all the world
besides. Amongst the many causes which have thrown
discredit on our Government, and by its example on con-
stitutional Governments generally, none other has been
more influential than our idle boasting. It is rather an un-
palatable truth, but it is a truth, that we are not, to a tithe
of what we suppose, objects of attention and admiration to
Europeans, but, in every step we take, retrograde. Our
blundering while walking, or rather staggering, in one di-
rection, whilst looking in another, is watched and ridicu-
led. It is with nations as it is with individuals, if their
good deeds are overlooked, their evil ones are not, and in
both cases great pretensions to wisdom and virtue secure
steady watchfulness. He who gives himself out for a saint
ought never to complain when his derelictions are thrown
into his face. A certain AMOS, who lived about two
thousand six hundred years ago, amongst other severe ex-
pressions addressed to a Cabinet of his day, observed:
"Ye who turn judgment to wormwood, and leave off righte-
ousness in the earth."
"They hate him that rebuketh in the gate, and they abhor
him that speaketh uprightly."
The inspired Herdman of Tekoa addressed these words,
no doubt, To all whom it might concern," and we leave
them to be applied as intended.
We have a modern AMOS, whi sitteth on a high seat
amongst the elders and scribes of our land, and who, in a
late writing setting forth his wonderful care, vigilance, and
-w*idam in the conduct of his office, amongst many other
things, bursts forth, and saith:
Indeed, the world may be challenged for any similar
establishment, embracing so much intelligence, activity,
and energy, and yielding to millions of mankind so much
To this extraordinary eulogy on his own Department,
made by our AMos, one of our Editors, under date of the
19th instant, appends the following note:
"The Postmaster General, in giving this defiance,
Shows great ignorance of the Post Office systems in Eu-
rope. -rhere is not an European in the United States
who has had experience of the strict regularity with which
Sthe Post Office system is administered in Europe, but who
will complain of the irregularity of that of the United
States. We must, however, concede that this part of
the public service has received many meliorations since
Mr. Kendall was placed at its head ; but it will demand
immense labor yet, before we can, with any show of rea-
son, compare it to the European direction of post offices."
We here, in our borough, have good reason to qualify
the concessions of this Editor, though we may safely agree
with his statement that our Post Office administration falls
shamefully below that of Europe. The paquet containing
the National Intelligencer of Tuesday, the 11th instant,
No. 5,671, entirely tailed, and the paquet due yesterday
failed. So much for the share we have received recently
of unqualified good" from this immaculate system.
The recurrence of such evils (and they are of frequent
occurrence over the whole United States) is quite vexa-
tious enough, without official insolence from the very head
of a mismanaged Department ; since what isit butinsult to
the sufferer to be told that the very source of his loss is the
proud boast of the world for activity, vigilance, and en-
ergy T" It would be difficult to controvert the position, if
assumed, that the two hundred millions of people in Chris-
tian Europe do not suffer as much annual loss in money
abstracted from their mails, as do the sixteen millions of
whites of the United States.
Taking every thing into view, the patient magnanimity
.of the People of the United States may indeed set the
world at defiance.
FROM LATE LONDON PAPERS.
STEAM versus WIND.-The steam-ship Royal William
and the packet ship South America came out of New York
on the 20th October. The Royal William reached the
Mersey at noon Monday, 5th November; and the South
America would, if she could have procured a pilot, have
reached it on the evening of Wenemd'ay, tlhe 7th. A-e
noon, on Monday, when the steamer entered the Mersey,
the ship was off Tuskar, and, had the wind continued fa-
vorable, would have reached Liverpool on the following
day. The wind, however, veered round to the northeast,
and prevented the South America from making way, giv-
ing the Royal William an advantage of two days and a half
on the passage.
STEAM TO NEW YORK.-It will be seen, on reference to
the advertisement, that the Royal William, Lieut. Swain-
son, R. N. is advertised to sail for New York on the le:h
of December. The number of passengers will be limited,
in order to afford ample accommodations for those who may
take berths. No goods will be taken on freight, and the
steamer will, therefore, be enabled to carry a full supply for
the voyage.-Liverpool Mail.
IRON VESSELS.--Mr. John Laird, the builder of the Rain-
bow steamer, which makes the most rapid passages ever
made between London and Antwerp, and vice versa, has
now laid down, at his yard, North Birkenhead, half a doz-
en vessels, which will be wholly constructed of iron.
Among them is a steamer of nearly 600 tons. The Iron-
sides: the first iron ship built in this port, sailed on Wed-
nesday for Pernambuco. She looked extremely well asshe
proceeded down the river. Next day she was seen off the
Kish Bank, all well. We have heard that the President,
intended as the companion of the British (Queen, in the
New York trade, will be constructed of iron. Her ton-
nage will, it is said, exceed 2,500 tons, and she is expected
to carry 1,500 tons of fine goods.-Ibid.
TOTAl. Loss OF AN IRON STEAM-VESSEL.---3y accounts
from Hamburgh of the 29th October, we learn that the new
iron steamboat the Eagle, lately built in this country, and
destined to ply on the Elbe, between Hamburgh and Dres-
den, went down in a violent storm on the night of the 26th
October, near Amelank. The crew were saved in a pilot
loat, and arrived safely in Hamburgh. The vessel had
only left Yarmouth the preceding Thursday. During her
voyage out she filled so much with water as to extinguish
the fire of the engine.-Globe, Tuesday evening.
On the evening of the 6th instant, Mr. FREDERICK
D. TSC HIFFELY, in the 59th year of his age.
i- His friends and those of the family are respectfully
invited to attend his funeral from his late residence, on 14th,
between F and G streets, this afternoon, at half past three
At Quebec, on the 24th of December, the iHon JOHN
HALE, Receiver General of Lower Canada, aged 75
Lately, at Edinburgh, at an advanced age, Mrs. ANNE
GRANT, of Laggan, the author of Letters from the
MIountains," and other well-known works.
At his residence, Kinloch, Fauquierco. Va. on Thurs-
day, the 3d instant, Major THOMAS TURNER, in the
68th year of his age. His sudden death will leave an ach-
ing void in a large circle of friends to whom he was dear,
and bring the deepest distress to the devoted family oe
which he was the affectionate head.
B R IDGE DIVIDEND.-The President and direct .
ors have this day declared one and a half per cent. or
the Capital Stock for the last quarter, payable on demand a
the office of C. S. Fowler & Co.
Treasurer Navy Yard Bridge Company.
jan S -d3t&c3t
r EN DOLLARS REWARD will be paid by the
subscriber for the delivery of a SORREL MARE, eigli
or nine years old, about 144 hands high, trots and gallups. Sh(
has no white about her, except a star in the forehead. She was
purchased in Washington city, under the bell, by Mr. Willian
Beale, and strayed from the premises of Mr. Win. M. B. oi
he 14th of October. CHARLES BOWIE,
dec 25--w6w Near Upper Marlborough.
I-" RY GOODS.-We have lately received a large sun-
FROM THE CHRISTIAN STATESMAN.
ON SEEING A TABLE, MADE OF WOOD, FROM
THE MOUNT OF OLIVES.
Hail, sacred relic!-Can it be
Judea's suns have nurtured thee 1
Say, didst thou rear a verdant crest,
And spread in branches bold and fair,
Upon that mountain's hallow'd breast,
Where erst my Saviour knelt in prayer '
Borne on, by Fancy's swelling tide,
Deep visions o'er thee seem to glide.
Methinks, upon thy p lished brow
The pilgrim's kiss might be forgiven,
Or low the meek enthusiast bow
Before thee, as a shrine from Heaven.
Oh Thou,-whose table here below
At thy last supper held a foe,
Teach us a sleepless watch to set;
From every traitorous sin to flee,
And by thy prayer on Olivet
Protect us, when we fly to thee!
HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT. L. H. S.
A CHEESE, weighing 700 pounds, is now at the store of
Mr. WILLIAM ORME, near the corner of llth street and
Pennsylvania avenue, where it will remain entire for one
day, and will afterwards be sold in quantities to suit pur-
chasers. It is from the dairy of Col. MEACHEN, of Orange
county, New York, by whom it was presented, two years
ago, to the President of the United States, and has been
preserved with great care. Having been made expressly
for the President, and by a gentleman whose cheeses are
in high repute, it may be supposed to be of the very best
quality. In the spirit of benevolence and charity, it has
been given by the President to the Female Union Be-
nevolent Society" of lhis city for the use of the Poor, to
whose benefit, therefore, the proceeds of the sale will be
exclusively applied. For this purpose, Mr. ORME has
kindly consented to dispose of it without any other reward
than the consciousness of aiding the needy.
~- The friends of the Poor, then, and the lovers of
good cheese, are requested to call at Mr. ORME'S store and
view THIS MAMMOTH, and prove its excellence.
1 Masonic.--The officers of the Grand Lodge of
the District of Columbia, and the officers and members of the
respective subordinate Lodges under its jurisdiction, are re-
spectfully requested to meet at Masonic Hall, in the City of
Washington, this day, at four o'clock in the afternoon, to make
arrangements for the interment of our late lamented Grand
Master, John N. Moulder, Esq.
By order: JAS. LAWRENSON,
jan 8 Grand Secretary.
F (C. LABBE'S DANCING ACADEMY.-P. C.
LABEE respectfully announces to his friends and pa-
trons that his second course will commence on Tuesday, the 8th
inst. at his dwelling on E street, fronting Pennsylvania avenue,
between 13th and 14th streets.
Days of tuition for young ladies, Tuesday, Thursday, and Sa-
turdav, from 3 to 6 P. M.; for young masters, from 6 to 9 P. M.
P. S.-F. C. L. will also give private lessons at his room, in
Dancing and Waltzing, from 11 A. M. to 2 P. M. on the above
days. Cotillion party every Saturday. jan 8-3taw9t
N OTICE.-A general meeting of the stockhol-
ders of the Navy Yard Bridge Company will be held on
Tuesday, the 29th instant, at 4 o'clock P. M., at the Bank of
Washington, for the election of directors, and the transaction
of other business.
jan 8--w3w JAMES OWNER, President.
A NCIENT FRAGMENTS.-Just received and for
sale by F. TAY1(OR-
The PHENIX, a collection (in 1 vol. price 75 cents) of old and
rare Fragments, translated, containing the Morals of Confucius ;
the Oracles of Zoroaster; History of the Creation, by Sancho-
niatho; the Vo age oi Hanns round Africa, five hundred years
before Christ; King Hiempsal's History of the African Settle-
rnents; Translations from the Punic Books; the choice Sayings
of Publius Syrus, &c.
Plato on the Immortality of the Soul, Dacier's translation,
with a Life of Plato, by Fenelon, 1 vol. price 62 cents.
. Lempriere's Classical I)itionary, 1 vol. full bound, of 432
closely printed pages, price 75 cents. jan 8
ICKORY WOOD WANTED.-The subscriber
desires to contract for 700 cords of the best Hickory
Wood, to be cut prior to the 1st of April next, and to be deliv-
ered at his wharf, on the Eastern Branch, previous to the 1st
of November next, at the rate of about 100 cords a month.
Personsdisposed to engage to supply the whole or a portion
of this wood, will please forward their offers without delay, by
inni I mor ark- .t i, t^tl a ,-.. -- ; s W v- Irttff;,,m Asily
jan 8-w4wcp THOMAS BLAGDEN.
P UBLIC SALE.-By virtue of an order of Charles
County Court, the undersigned Commissioners will sell
at public auction, on the 14th of February next, at 1 o'clock
meridian, on the premises, the real estate, lying in Charles
county, belonging to the heirs of the late Dr. Morgan Harris,
called and generally known by the name of Waverley, con-
taining about four hundred and fifty acres.
This is a very valuable and productive estate, lying in the
lower part of Charles county, immediately on the Potomac river,
where fish, oysters, and wild fowl can be had in the greatest
The improvements are a large and commodious dwelling-
house, with fine slables, carriage-house, Larns and all necessa-
ry houses for a large and productive estate. Persons disposed
to purchase are invited to examine the farm previous to the day
Terms of sale : A credit of one, two, and three years will
be given. The purchase-money to be secured by bond, with
approved security, bearing interest from the day of sale.
jan 8-3tawts Comnmissioners.
C 1IMPOUND Sl1UP O' GUM ARABIC, for
C Coughs, Colds, Asthma, Whooping Cough, Pains
and Soreness in the Breast, Consump i ion, Hoarseness, Difficult
Breathing, and Diseases of the Breast and Lungs generally.
This Sirup is composed of Gum Arabic, combined with such
other remedies as have been found by long experience best
calculated to afford relief in their aboveinaued diseases. It is
not trumpeted to the worll a as new discovery or a specific, rbut
as a remedy prepared according to the prescription of an emmi-
nent physician, which has afforded relief when other remedies
have been tried without the least benefit.
It is particularly recommended to physicians as a scientific
preparation, ready at hand, well calculated to fulfil the purposes
for which it is intended.
Prepared only by G. K. TYLER, corner of East Baltimore and
High streets, Baltimore.
For sale in W'ashington by R. S. PATTERSON, F. HOW-
ARD, and l)r. S. MITCHELL ; and in Georgetown by O. M.
LINTHICUM. jan 8--2awlmif
In Chancery, Virginia, to wit: At Rules held in the
Clerk' office of the Circuit Superior Court of Law
amnd Chancery for Augusta county, December 3,
John H. Peyton, executor of Samuel Blackburn, deceased,
Ann Blackburn, widow of the said Samuel Blackburn, decens-
ed, Benjamin Weir, George Weir, Hugh Weir, James Cun-
ninrthami and Mary his wife, late Mary \Veir, John Wilson
and Margaret his wife, late Margaret Weir, James Gray
and Elizabeth his wife, late Elizabeth Weir, Thomas Alex-
ander and Nancy his wife, late Nancy Weir, George Ma-
thews and Phebe his wife, late Phebe Weir, and Rice
and Susannah his wife, late Susannah Weir, children of John
Weir and Nancy his wife, which said Nancy was a sister of
the said Samuel Blackburn, deceased ; Andrew, William,
George, John, Edward, and James Blackburn, James Moy-
ers and Mary his wife, late Mary Blackburn, Thomas Snod-
dy and Jane his wife, late Jane Blackbutrn, and John Carson
and Nancy his wife, late Nancy Blackburn, children of John
Blackburn, who was a brother of the said Samuel Blackburn,
deceased ; Gideon Blackburn and Gracy his wife, late Gracy
Blackburn, Benjamin and John Blackburn, -IDavis and
Mary his wife, late Mary Blackburn, John Wallace and Jane
his wife, late Jane Blackburn, -- Derwin and Sally his
wife, late Sally Blackburn, and Miller and Aseneth
his wife, late Aseneth Blackburn, children of Benjamin
Blackburn, who was a brother of the said Samuel Blackburn,
deceased ; Benjamin, Gideon, Thomas, John, Edward, Sam-
ucl, Jane, Mary, Elizabeth, Rachel, and Leah Blackburn,
children of Robert Blackburn, who was a brother of the said
S inuel Blackburn, deceased; Nathaniel, Benjamin, William,
Thomas, Archibald, and Samuel Blackburn, jun., John Ma-
thews and Rosannah his wife, late Rosannah Blackburn,
Henry Huss and Mary his wife, late Mary Blackburn, and
Joseph Mann and Elizabeth his wife, late Elizabeth Black-
burn, children of Archibald Blackburn, who was a brother of
the said Samuel Blackburn, deceased ; Benjamin, Robert,
W;iimn,. Thimnna. lizahehlh. Samel. .lJohn. James. and Ar-
EDITORS' COhPPR SPONDENCE.
NEW YORK, JANUARY 6.
The ROYAL WILLIAM arrived this morning at
10 o'clock, having a passage of twenty-one
days. She is not large enough to cross the
ocean at this season of the year. We have
Liverpool dates to December 15. Two or three
packet-ships are also in, with dates to Decem-
ber 5. Of course, there is an inundation of
Lord DURHAM arrived out December 3d, in
the Inconstant. The news of the late rebellion
in Lower Canada had reached London, and,
created considerable sensation. Lord DURHAM
was most bitterly assailed by the anti-Ministeri-
Sales This Day.
HANDSOME BRUSSELS CARPETS AND
OTHER F URNITURE.-This morning, Tues-
day, 8th instant, at 11 o'clock, in front of the Auction Store, I
shall sll, without reserve, a variety of Household Furni-
I handsome Brussels Carpet
2 IAgrain Carpets, little worn, 1 superior Bidet
Sideboard, mahogany Tables, rush-seat Chairs
Crib, g.od Beds, Bedsteads, Dressing Bureau
Clock, Coal and Cooking Stoves, &c.
10 boxes fine Lemons, boxes fresh Prunes, Raisins
A large lot of Toys, Segars, &c.
jan 8 ALEX. McIN rRE, Auctioneer.
TPURUSTEE'S SALE.--By virtue of a decree of the
High Court of Chancery of Marylarid, the subscriber will
sell at public sale, on Tuesday, the 8th day of January next, on
the premises, at 12 o'clock M. the tract of land lying in Prince
George's county, Md. called "Largo," containing about five hun-
dred and foity acres. This tract of land was purchased by the
late Gov. Jos. Kent of Dr. E. B. Addison, and adjoins the lands
of Gov. S, Sprigg, and the estate called Graden," lately pur-
chased by Z. Perry, Jr. This is one of the best estates in the
county, and those disposed to purchase are invited to examine
the estate for themselves.
The terms of sale, as prescribed by the decree, are, that the
purchaser shall pay three thousand dollars in cash on the day
of sale, or on the ratification thereof by the Chancellor, and the
residue in one, two, three, and four years from the day of sale ;
the purchaser to give bonds or notes, with security, to be ap-
proved of by the Trustee, bearing interest from the day of sale,
and the purchaser having the privilege to pay the whole or any
part of the purchase money before the expiration of the credit.
dec 12-dts Trustee.
OFFICE OF THE POTOMAC INSURANCE COMPANY,
GEORGETOWN, JANUARY 2, 1839.
T HE President and Directors have declared a dividend
of sixteen per cent. for the half year ending the 31st
ultimo, on the amount of capital paid in ; ten per cent. of which
is carried to the credit of the surplus fund, and the remaining
six per cent. will be paid to the stockholders or their legal re-
presentatives on or after the 16th instant.
WM. J. GOSZLER,
jan 7-eo3tif Secretary.
OR SALE, on accommodating terms, that valuable lot
F of ground situated on the southeast corner of F and 9th
streets, in front of the new Patent Office, 50 feet on F by 100
on 9th street. For further particulars, inquire of
J. P. PEPPER,
jan 8-3t Penn. Av. between 6th and 4j streets.
W O(1O) WOOD I I WOOD -The subscribers
are now receiving the wood by the way of railroad which
they advertised about a month ago.
We ask our friends and former punctual customers to give
us a call.
jan 8-eo3t P. M. PEARSON & CO.
MAMMOTH ARENA AND CIRCUS COMPA-
NY.-Messrs. BUCKLEY, HOPKINS, TUFTS &
CO. respectfully ipform the citizens of Washington that they
have erected a new CIRCUS ARENA at the Centre Market
Square, and it willtbe open this Evering, January 1, 1839, with
a variety of elegant and novel performances. The arena has
been fitted up with a special regaid to the comfort of the visit-
ors, and the proprietors hope, by presenting a succession of
novelties, to receive the sanction and support of a liberal Public.
The scene of the circle will present an assemblage of talent
and manly activity, unsurpassed by any other establishment,
and the managers flatter themselves that, with their personal
exertions, the succession of novelties they produce will consti-
tute one of the most varied, animating, and interesting eques-
al press, and some of them were urging an im-
peachment, because he had "published a sedi-
tious proclamation, and deserted his command,
knowing there was to be a rebellion." The
London Times has a raw-head-and-bloody-bones
story about VAN SHOULTZ, who has been hung
in Kingston, (U. C.) representing him as a Rus-
sian agent, deluding the Poles to an attack up-
on Canada, whereupon the Times is in a mighty
height of indignation that Russia should attempt
thus to intrigue in Canada.
The Ministerial press does not seem much in-
clined to defend Lord DURHAM, nor he, as states
report, to have their friendship; so that, in the
opening of Parliament, which was to be in Feb-
ruary, he would be in a somewhat anomalous
position. Many of the English papers are
highly excited on account of the movements of
the brigands on our frontier. They demand
that the United States Government be held re-
sponsible. The Canadian meetings in this city,
attended by custom-house officeholders, is a
subject of especial animadversion.
Marshal LOBEAU is dead, and was buried with
great ceremony. The Canadian affairs now
very much occupy the attention of the Paris pa-
pers. There is nothing yet settled between
Holland and Belgium, and their affairs were
now very prominent in all political circles, as
the interference of Prussia and Russia and
France continued to be apprehended. The
Austrian forces have entirely abandoned the
FROM MADRID we have dates to December 4.
A new cabinet had not been constructed. The
frightful system of reprisals was still in full ope-
ration at Valencia, where the Carlist prisoners
were living on half rations. The civil war had
become a ruthless butchery.
There was but one shilling duty per quarter
on foreign grain when the Royal William sailed.
More flour will now go from this country. The
sales of cotton are very large, the market yet
The Royal William did not bring many pas-
sengers. She experienced much rough weather.
United States Bank shares in London we
-25 10s. to 25 15s.-a good round pri6eT-
There is no news from Boston or from Can-
The packet ship St. Andrew went out in 15
days and 5 hours.
The subjoined communication relates to a
subject upon which we have heretofore declined
to publish anonymous articles, and of which
we have doubted the expediency of admitting
discussion in our columns at present in any
form. This communication, however, bearing
the proper signature of the writer, though deeply
marked by prejudices of education and habit, is
in so frank a spirit, and so distinguished by an
attachment to the Union superior to all those
prejudices, that we have, after no little consider-
ation of its contents, determined to lay it before
our readers. For the sake of its great charac-
teristic, profound reverence for the Union of
the States, any reader may well excuse what
else would most displease him in it.
CUMBERLAND, (MD.) DEC. 15, 1838.
Messrs. EDITORS: I profess to belong to the South, and
am a slaveholder. I abhor as deeply as any man the abo-
litionists of the North. Whilst they are professing the
greatest sympathy for our slaves, and invoking the wrath
of Haven upon us for holding them, they practise the
most revolting treatment and oppression towards the co-
lored population around them. *
I really pity some of them for their ignorance
and extreme credulity in believing the stories and misrep-
resentations which are circulated in the North in relation
to the treatment of our slaves: But, though I possess the
strongest feelings against the abolitionists, I am not so pre-
judiced in favor of my own party as not to see that we sel-
dom act wisely and becomingly when the subject of aboli-
tion is before us.' Every petition against slavery, though
signed only by a parcel of foolish women and children,
seems to act like a firebrand in a powder magazine, the
moment it is introduced into the halls of Congress. An
instant explosion takes place of the most violent sentiments
towards the petitioners. Honorable members at once see
abundant cause for a dissolution of the Union They im-
mediately appeal to the most sectional feelings. They
speak as though the whole North was waging war upon
the institutions of the devoted South. We of the South,"
they say, will protect ourselves; we can protect ourselves,
and will maintain our institutions unto blood." Now all
such language is exceedingly unbecoming. It is beneath
the dignity of a Representative of any portion of the Anrc-
rican People. To talk of dissolving the Union because a
few misguided people may choose to petition Congress to
interfere with a subject over which Congress has no con-
trol, is surely not indicative of much deep love and vene-
ration for the Union. To threaten violence and bloodshed,
on the occasion of the presentation of petitions from wo-
men and children, is no great mark of genuine chivalry.
Why, sirs, to a sincere lover of the Union it would hardly
be regarded as adequate cause for a dissolution thereof, if
a proposition to abolish slavery in the States and Territo-
ries were even to be seriously entertained by Congress. It
would certainly be a flagrant and infamous violation of the
Constitution, and sufficient to absolve the bonds of union
between the members of this Confederacy ; but I say that
a true and genuine patriot would find it hard, even for
such a cause, to give up this sacred Union, which has been
"a copious fountain to us all of great national and indivi-
What is the institution of slavery," about which we
are all so sensitive? Do we not acknowledge it to be an
evil? Do we not regret that such an inheritance ever de-
scended to us from our fathers'? Would not nine-tenths
of the enlightened owners of slaves be rejoiced to exchange
this species of property for its equivalent, if such an ex-
nge could be effected so as to better the conditimnn nth.
9,e ? 1are there not thousands amongst us who would
if3stantly manumit their negroes, even without compensa-
tion, if freedom to them would be a boon instead of a curse ?
Southern masters are mostly all generous and humane.
They are seldom influenced by mercenary views and mo-
tives. And yet, by the course of our Representatives in
Congress, we are made liable to the reproach of being in-
fluenced by base pecuniary interest in our opposition to the
abolitionists. Professing, as we do, to regard slavery as an
evil, it seems unaccountable to others how we become so
much excited when the subject is touched, unless they at-
tribute our excitement to the fear of losing our property.
-- As it is not the dread of pecuniary loss that influences us,
and as we all feel and own that our institution of slave-
ry" is a curse, why should we be more agitated and dis-
turbed when a petition against slavery is presented to Con-
gress, than a petition on any other subject over which Con-
gress has no constitutional control?.
I begin to think, Messrs. EJitors, that the sensitiveness
exhibited by members of Congress upon the subject is more
affected than real. The South seems to be regarded as a
sort of whimsical and spoiled child; or as some coquetish
maiden, who has been too much flattered by attention.
None dare to address her in the voice of manly independ-
ence and truth. But all seek to become favorites by min-
istering to her prejudices and failings. Who does not sick-
en at the sight of the disgusting efforts which have been
made and are making by politicians, from the President
down, to Pain favor in the South ? Mr. VAN BUREN has
assumed every shape and hue to create the impression that
he is "a Northern man with Southern principles." And,
although I am disappointed and mortified at some part of
the conduct of the Whig party in relation to the petitions
against slavery, I regard, with the most unqualified con-
tempt, the course of the Van Buren party in the matter.
Any one who will read Mr. ATHERTON'S resolutions, and
the very discreet and considerate remarks with which he
introduced them, cannot fail to penetrate the whole design,
and to see the contemptible party manoeuvre in the pro-
ceeding. In the resolutions themselves, I see nothing that
Southern men ought to object to; but the auspices under
which theywere introduced, and the time and manner of
their introduction, are peculiarly obnoxious and offensive.
But I regret that the whole farce was not treated with si-
Very respectfully, yours,
SAMUEL M. SEMMES.
EVERY THING ON A MAGNIFICENT SCALE.-A South
American being asked by a worthy citizen of London, in
a large company, what kind of a country South America
was, replied : Sir, every thing in South America is on a
grand scale. Our mountains are stupendous, our rivers
are immense, our plains are interminable, our forests have
no end, our trees are gigantic, our miles are thrice the
length of yours; and then (here he took a doubloon out of
his pocket and laid on the table) look at our guineas "
The Boston Transcript states that on the Sunday be-
fore New Year, a sensible clergyman, in a neigbborino
town, improved the opportunity of its being the last'of the
old year, to enforce certain moial precepts far the new.
He told his flock that they ought*immediately to pay all
their small bills, and particularly their newspaper bills.
RPFrn nP T.n, r T,,,-.,, A -- ---
ON FREE SCHOOLS.
We are glad to be able to find room in our
columns for the following extract from the ad-
dress delivered by the Hon.STEPHEN C. PHILLIPS
(lately a Representative in Congress) on the oc-
casion of his entering upon the discharge of the
new trust to which he has been called as Mayor
of the city of Salem, (Massachusetts :)
I have reserved as the last subject of remark, that most
important of all our public interests-the Public Schools.
To Salem clearly belongs the honor of establish-
ing the first Free Schclol as well as the first Church in
America. Our ancestors, in thus laying the foundations
of an enlightened and virtuous democracy, were but
little aware of the extent of their claims to the ever-
increasing gratitude of their posterity. Almost at the mo-
ment of their landing, and near this very spot, they raised
for themselves monuments, in which they deposited the
seminal principles of human liberty and happiness-intel.
lectual culture and religious faith. These humble struc-
tures have long since decayed, and their builders have still
longer slept in their humbler graves; but the hands of pa-
triotism and piety have never ceased to be employed in
rearing similar monuments in every town upon the coast
and in every village in the interior, till at last, go where
you will, among the sons of New.England or their descend-
ants, and you have only to 'look around you,' to behold
the innumerable and improved copies of the rude and sim-
ple models which were first exhibited here. Still more,
you have only to recollect the history of thiecountry, and to
investigate the causes of its present condition-you have
only to trace the effects of our example abroad, and to fol-
low, if you can, the scattered rays of intellectual and re-
ligious light that have spread, and are still spreading, in
every direction, from the flame that was here kindled, to
obtain an impression of the nature and extent of the mighty
influence which the foundersof the Church and School
at Salem were unconsciously exerting upon the destiny of
generations then unborn, throughout the Old Woild as
well as the New.
"In yielding to the ordinary impulse of eulogizing in
general terms the merits of our particular ancestors,
and the benefits of their peculiar institutions, I do not mean
to overlook the practical purpose of all my remiaks.
In relation to the Free School system, what seems to me
desirable is, to state, without exaggeration, its claims to
public support, and to urge a discriainiating inquiry into its
abuses and defects. I have heretofore had occasion to take
a responsible part in its administration, and I am now placed,
by virtue of my present office, at the head of the board, to
who:n all executive duties in relation to it are entrusted.
Nothing is further from my purpose, in this or any of the
departments, than to invite and justify an increase of the
public expenditures beyond the general limit which must
be practically assigned; and I shall be slow in proposirng
any measure involving a greater or less change in the de-
tails of the system, which is not the result of the most satis-
factory conviction, founded upon careful observation, and
upon a comparison of opinions with such as may enjoy
better means of forming a correct judgment.
I am not, however, uncommitted upon the questions-
if such questions can be still unsettled-whether we shall
ourselves go forward or backward in the support of this
great interest-whether we shall adopt as a principle the
reduction of the standard of instruction in the public
schools behlw that which has been all the while gradluacly
advancing in private institutions--.whethuer we shall shut
our eyes to t!e improvements in the system w which are in
progress in the neighboring cities and larger towns-and
whether we shall manifest a peculiar, and what must,there-
fore, be regarded a characteristic want of sympathy in the
great effort which, under the auspices of the State .Gov-
ernment, and with the co-operation of our most enlighten-
ed citiz.'ns, has been commenced with a view to render the
public schools, by improving their organization and increas-
ing the qualifications of teachers, more worthy of general
support, and of being substituted for private schools to a
still greater extent than has yet been attempted. Upon
these points it is well known thnt I have never entertained
a doubt. I am attached to the theory of our free school
system, from its manifest adaptation to the circumstances of
our social and political condition. I admire all its effects;
and none more than that which annihilates anmongit child-
ren the false distinctions that might be elsewhere engen-
dered, which subjects all competition to the test of merit,
which thus imparts a character of manly vigor and inde-
pendence, and rears from the worthiest of every class a
race of public benefactors, who repay to the community, in
their services and example, vastly more than an ample equi-
valent for all the cost of public education.
I am not prepared to speak of the actual condition of
wuur m~,tui.. A'ltWiy are not-as al wil agree-what they-
should be, unless they exhibit in the qualifications of the
teachers something more than a nominal compliance with
the requirements of the State laws, and in the progress of
the scholars the most satisfactory assurances of faithful
oversight and successful discipline. They are not-in my
humble j.udgment-what they should be, unless they are
so managed and conducted as to secure the greatest econo-
my of time and labor, and to have become, in fact, parts of
a system, which mnay be properly so called-conformed, by
successive gradations, to the various stages of proficiency-
extending from the simplest elements to all the higher
branches of useful knowiedge-illustrating throughout the
principle of moderate and certain advancementin contradis
tinction from all schemes of hasty and superficial acquire-
ment-and instinct with a spirit of improvement, which,
after it is in operation, it will be as difficult to repress, as.
before the introduction of a system, it was impossible to
ADVANTAGES OF ADVERTISING.
The advertisement of a purse lost, in a late paper(says
the Newburyport Hierald) led to an important and fortunate
discovery : for, it is quite probable that the theft, to the
detection of which it led,would have remained undiscover-
ed had it not been for the advertisement alluded to, until a
much larger portion of the money had been irrecoverably
lost. The manner of the detection was as follows:
Mr. COLMAN, who keeps a fincy dry goods store in State
street, on casting his eye on the paper, and discovering the no-
tice of a purse lost, mistrusted that a younj girl wh, was in his
store the evening previous, and purchased about five dollars
worth of finery, while her exterior denoted tie need of some-
thing more necessary and substantial, was their finder; and he
and Mr. Teel, who works in the same shop, undertook to inves-
tigate the matter. They traced the money through several
channels, expecting to find only seven dollars, until one of Ilhe
lads implicated, very much to their surprise, drew from his
pocket a roll if bills amounting to upwards of 8300, a;d ideclar-
ed that to be all he had of the money. Further inquiii.ies led
to the detection of another boy, and to the recovery of the en-
tire sum of $980 (with the exception of only $30 to $35) stolen
about a week since orom the counting room of the WVes-sacumn-
c,n steam mill. The young rogues, three in number, the old-
est not 13 yeais old, muanoged ihe afilair with reaii ':,Akble adroit-
ness. The money remained hidden unier the Meihodist Mcet.
ing House until last Monday, just a week from te tine it was
stolen, when they commenced spending it in small sums, the
principal part being secreted in three new places.
The influence of words is incalculable. Men will do
that, when it is called by a gentle name, from which they
would often shrink if it were correctly and strongly cha-
racterized. With this truth in view, it is humbly submit-
ted whether there is not a better term for the act of appro-
priating funds entrusted to one's charge than the sarcenet
phrase of" defalcation ?" Pistol calls it to convey," but
the ancient is not authority in philological or moral mat-
.ters; and, besides, he had a purpose to serve in smoothing
the rough edges of the title of his favorable professional
pursuit. Let defalcation be called stealing, and let it be
punished as stealing, and it will not occur quite so fre-
quently. It is known that fine words are useless in one
branch of culinary operations; but in other respects they
may be so used as to cause the superficial to regard crime
with a lenient eye, and they have long enabled the vicious
to flourish without losing caste.-Pennsylvan ian.
The above is not only right humorous, but there is a sa-
gacious propriety in its recommendations. It is too com-
mon now-a-days to dress up every crime, of every hue, from
the red dye of murder to the blue tint of' some intemperate
brawl, in the garniture of soft and dainty words. A des-
perate bowie-knife encounter, resulting in the death of two
or three bravos, is called a fatal affray," or an improper
occurrence," and so on to the end of the chapter of terms
and titles. It is high time to speak no longer of foul do-
ings, in high places or low, in phrases ofsatin ; call things
THE NATIONAL SILK GROWERS'
FROM THE BALTIMORE FARMER OF DECEMBER 18.
This body, which met in our city on the 11th instant,
adjourned on Thursday last, after a session of three days.
And we should not do justice to our own feelings, nor re-
spond to those so universally expressed by others, were we
not to say that a more dignified Lody of men never conven-
ed in any city on any occasion. Among them were to be
found ministers of the Gospel, judges of the courts of jus-
tice, those who had represented their States in the national
councils of the nation, members of the bar, physicians,
farmers, planters, machinists, manufacturers, and nmechan-
ics ; and among them, too,were to be seen many practical men
who have been for years engaged in the business of fabri-
cating Silk-those who may be proudly called the pioneers
in that holy work, the advancement of whose interest form-
ed the object of the Convention's meeting. In the gene-
rous spirit which animated its members, in the singleness
of purpose which distinguished their proceedings, and in the
wisdom of their acts, we think we can behold the sure gua-
ranties of the entire and triumphant success of the Silk cul-
ture. The doings of the Convention, we are proud to de-
clare, were characterized by the sole wish of subserving the
public interest, and that all private and sinister motives
were kept out of view ; the aged and the young were each
and all animated by the same patriotic impulse, that of ad-
vocating the cause of the Silk culture as a great national
Below will be found their proceedings, to which we re-
spectfully beg leave to refer the reader.
NATIONAL SILK CONVENTION.
TUESDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1838.
The Delegates appointed to attend the ConvenrtioTrnmif
Silk Growers and Culturists assembled in the Grand
Lodge room at the Masonic Hall at ten o'clock. There
were one hundred and seventy-five delegates in atten-
dance, comprising a body of highly respectable and intel-
ligent citizens, and representing eleven States and the
District of Columbia.
Judge COMSTOCK, of Connecticut, wascalled to the chair,
and Dr. C. C. Cox, of Baltimore, and J. F. CALLAN, of'
Washington, appointed Secretaries.
On motion, it was resolved that ail persons present from
different parts of the United States friendly to the objects
of this Conveition, and not duly appointed delegates, be
invited to take seats in this Convention.
SOn motion, it was resolved that the States be called in
order, and the names of the delegates from each be report-
ed to the secretaries.
The names of the delegates having been recorded, it was
found that there were one hundred and seventy-five in at-
Dr. Buck, of Washington, then moved that the Convemn-
tion adjourn to meet in the city of WVasliington.
Upon this motion a debate ensued, in which Messrs.
Buck, Gummere, Kinsman, Olhnstead, Hopper, Clarke,
Thompson, Ellis, Henry, mi'd MicClean participated. The
motion was then postponed..
On motion, it was res ilvcd that a committee, to consist
of one from each S:ate, be appointed to nominate perma-
nent officers to the Conveiiti:)i.
The committee, after having retired for consultation, re-
ported the following persons as officers of the Convention :
President-Judge Co l'r'OCK, of Connecticut.
Vice Presidents--Samuel \Whitmarsh, of Massachu-
setts; E A. Russell, of Connecticut ; J. H. King, of New
York ; Dr. Green, of New Jersey; Samuel D. Ingham, of
Pennsylvania; Dr. Naudain, of Delaware; Judge Eccles-
ton, of Maryland ; Michael Nourse, of District cf Colum-
bia; James Winslow, of Virginia; James Duncan, of
Ohio; J. Adams, of Georgia.
T'reasurer-L. J. Cox, of Baltimo e.
Secretaries--Dr. C. C. Cox, of Baltimore; J. F. Callan,
of Washington; J. H. Pleasants, of Virginia; George Gas-
keli ; T. C. Gould, of Pennsylvania.
On motion, it was resolved that a committee be appoint-
ed to report the order of proceedings of the Convention.
The Convention met again at 7 o'clock P. AM.
The committee appointed to report the order of proceed-
ings submitted the following resolutions, which, after some
amendments, were adopted :
1. Resolved, That it is expedient to form a National Silk
Society, and that a committee of liv" members be appointed t .
dr en! tt t an,! er rt o n r o .- tititit-n r- fr l ih'rt i e.
Committee on this resolution, Messrs. Gummere, Cobb,
Thompson, Buck, and McClean.
2. Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to
draught an a-ddress to tihe People of the United States on tile
culture of Silk.
Committee, Messrs. Smith, Gibbons, and Gummere.
3. Resolved, That a com nmi:tee of three practical men le ap-
pointed to reconmnaend the best Silk Reel for the United States,,
and that the committee be requested to give their reasons lor
Committee, Mes.s. 'Whitmarsh, Smith, and Cobb.
The motion to adjourn the session of the Convention to
Washington was then called up by Mr. McClean, and, af-
ter some discussion, was rejected.
MIr. Olmstead, of Conn. was added to the committee on
On motion, it was resolved that a committee of three be
appointed to prepare rules of order for the Convention.
Committee, Messrs. Kinsman, Naudain, and Pleasants.
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1838.
Tile Convention having again assembled, the committee
appointed to prepare rules of order made a report, which
The committee appointed to draught a Constitution for
a National Silk Society made a report, which, after being
amended, was adopted.
Many resolutions were offered and laid on the table, af-
ter which the Convention adjourned to meet at 7 o'clock
P. M. in ordec that an opportunity might be afforded the
members during the afternoon to form the National Society.
AMERICAN SILK SOCIETY.
At half past three o'clock P. M. the members of the Con-
vention having assembled for the purpose of forming the
proposed Association, it was
Resolved, That a connmittee of one from each State repre-
sented be appointed a cominiiitee,to report officers for the Amne-
rican Silk Society.
The Society then adjourned to reassemble at half past
six P. M.
The Society having again met at the hour above named,
the committee reported the following officers :
President--Dr. ARNOLD NAUDAIN.
Vice Presidents-Judge Comstock,' of Conn.; Judge
Hopper, of Md.; Sanuel Whitmarsh, of Mass.; James
Winston, of Va.; Phil. Physic, of Pa.; J. F.Callan, of D.
C.; Dr. Goo. Green, of N. J.
Treasurer-J. O. Law, of Md. .
Corresponding Secretary-Gideon B. Smith, of Md.
lRecording Secretary-Dr. C. C. Cox, of Md.
Executive Con:mittec-L. J. Cox, Mr. Gummere, J.
Kinsman, G. R. Garretson, Dr. Wm. Gibbons, J. S. Ski~W
nor, Dr. Howard, Thos. S. Pleasants, John Mason.
The President and Corresponding Secretary arc mem-
On motion of Mr. Thompson, it was
Resolved, That any properly organized Silk Company or As-
sociaiion may claims a perpetual membership in the American
Silk Society by tlie payment of $20 into the treasury in advance,
and shall be entitled to two representatives in tile annual meet-
ing of ihe Society.
The Society then adjourned until 9 o'clock on Thurs-
day morning, to give way to-the Convention.
NATIONAL SILK CONVENTION.
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 1'2, 1838.
The Convention having assembled at 7 o'clock P. M. the
special order was called up, being the following resolution,
offered by Dr. Thompsoi :
Resolved, That it is the deliberate opinion of this Convention
that Sill: may be grown in all the United States, not only for
tlomestic purposes, but as a valuable article of cnmmer cial ex-
port, thereby giving active employment to American labor, and
retai1inng millions of dollars in our country that are annually sent
out of it. fr the purchasee of silken goods.
devoted to the advancement of the Silk cause in the United
Mr. Gummere, of New Jersey, offered the following re-
Resolved, That it be recommended to the friends of the Silk
causeto take the necessary means for organizing State Societes
auxiliary to tie American Silk Society, which shall be repre-
sented therein by delegates.
Mr. Snyder, of Pennsylvania, offered the following:
Resolved, That it be recommended to the Executive Com-
mittee to offer such premium as they imay think in accordance
with the funds of the Society, to encourage the culture and ma-
nufacture of Silk, an-' that ihis be done at an early day.
The Society adjourned to 3" P. M.
The Convention assembled at 10 A. M.
The report of the Committee on Reels was made and
laid on the table.
The following resolutions were offered and adopted :
By Mr. McClean, of New Jersey :
hlereas the committee appointed to reconomend the best
reel for tle People of the United States have made a report, re-
commending the Piedmontesc reel as combining the principles
necessary to produce a perfect and convenient article : tiere-
Resolved, That the Convention recommend sail reel, or any
other combining its essential principles and proportions, to the
Silk groweis of the United States, and itat the iF;ecutive Coin-
mittee of the American Silk Society be requested to cotmmu-
nicate to the Public, in such way as tney see proper, the im-
portance and necessity of adopting said reel.
By Dr. Gibbons, of Delaware:
JResolved, That the Conivention rc:ominu cnd to tho e who are
cuhivating the nmulberry tree for market to turn their attention
to the production of Silk, by which they will not only increase
their own gain, but eminently subserve the interests of their
country by diffusing a knowvCldg of this highly impportant
branch of national industry, and exhibiting practical and dte-
mtonstrable evidence: of the profits to be derived therefrotm.
Dr. Gibbons prefaced his resolutions by some appropriate
remarks, duringT which le exhibited a calculation of the
profits of the Silk culture, &c. which was ordered to'be
recorded on the journal.
Mr. McClean also read a statement showing the results
of the experiment of raising Sik on a sixteenth ot an acre
planted with the Morus Muiiicaulii. It was alsi ordered
to t), recorded.
Dr. C. C. Cox, of Maryland, presented a translation of
the Observations of a French gentleman cn the subject of
trees, worns, &c. which was referred to the special atten-
tion of the Executive Commnittee.
Tie following resolutions were offered and adopted:
By Mr. Guninere, of New Jersey :
Rcsolecd, That it be iecomnen'led tithl- friends of the Silk
coiii e in the several StaIes where no laws fur the purpose
now exist, to en.davor to procure the passage of acts to encour-
age this branch of ind'.stry.
By Mr. Skinner, of NMryland:
Resolecd, Thatt tte thanks of this Convention lie, and they
are hereby, tendered tI the several gentlemen who have ftvor-
ed it wit ia view of pecinens of cocoons and of A;i:erician
Silk, both raw iand manutaetured, andl -vith their observations,
th,. result of thizir researchers and ieAperience, on the great ob.
jects frc which this Convetntion was assembled.
By Mr. Smith, of Maryland:
Resolved,. That the me mbers of this Conven ion from the
several States and the l)istrict ,of Colhmiiia bie requested to ap-
ply to their several Legi.datlur:t s l)r s.,chi legal enactinetm s ;as
shall pro cct the pl.!ntuai;o.: s f in:i b'rry trees fioul depredlt-
tion, aud make stealing or carrying av.ay of iamuiberry trecs
by ti passers an uac of flt1:y.
By Mr. Win.ton, of Virgiia :
Resolved, That the respective State delegations c...l. .: i
this Co( nvoition, upon their return to their cousliluoritt', Ibe re-
qtiesied to c:l a meeting of the soimea ind of' others friendly to
the Silk canu.e, stand lay before them such inforuiation as they
may have collected.
Resolved, t e respect tive ee e!teg;a.tiots, at the-meeting's
proposed t I, be called' by tlie ibregiing resohttlitin, propose tile
fbrniation of State Societies anxiliatv t to te Nationlal Society,
and of County Societies auxiliary t) the State Societies.
By Dr. Thompson, of Delaware :
Resolved, That thle thanks oftlis Convention are due, and
they are hereby tendered, to all tie piioncer.s and promoters of
the Silk culture in the Uni ed States; and that to Gideon B.
Smin:h, of Baltimo(re, great me; it aitucheilie' r his untiring zral
and devoted exertions in diffusing much useful 1knowlcdge con-
nected witl the subject.
By Mr. Songston, of Maryland :
Res"olred, That tle proceedings of this Convention be pub-
lished in pamphlet forun, in such number that each and every
Society represented in this Convention shill be !urrished with
one or more numbers of said proceedings ; and that comnniltee
of three c atppoinited lo carry the resoliiion into r!tec'.
C.uuiinittec: Messrs. C. C. Cox, G. B. S:nith, and Hen-
ry 2i.ankin, of Maryland.
Resolved, That this Convention reco:nmend to the different
Slates and Territoiies to choose delegates to meet in Conven-
tion, upon the subject of piomnoting the culture of Silk in our
country, in the city of VWashington, on thle second Tuesday after
the firit Monday in December, 1839.
By Mr. Kinsman, of Pennsylvania :
Resolved, Tht tlhe thanks of this Conventiior are hereby
tendered to the delegates from th' ei-y and ceornty of altimore
for the sulprior arrangements ma;i by lihem for our accommo-
dation ; and also to the citizens of Baltimore f.r tihe cordial re-
ception and courtesy which we have individually received at
their hends since our arrival ini this p,l.we.
Resolved, That thie thanks of tlis Convention be tendtlered
to the Fresident, Vice Presidents, and Secretaries, for the able
and imphmrtial manner iu which tltey have respectively discharg-
ed their duties.
The Convention then adjourned sine die.
AMERICAN SILK SOCIETY.
The Society having convened at half past 3 P. M. Dr.
Gibbons, of Delaware, offered the following resolution,
which was arlo:ted :
hiohved, Tw'at, in d t e judgment of this So,:cety, there are
no ioccuipatirns that pr,,iise i to ate o a liat nn,rRl an I
ph'lsical conditions of a ltrge portion of our population, ani to,
elevate them in the scale of itollelctu'l and moral worlh, than,
Those involved in the culture of Silk. Poor childwn, indigent
fi'm,:les, the lmne and infi','n of both sxes andl all ages, will
find in this branch of industry employment lucrative, healthy,
and mrorn'. TlT t the philanthropic and I]l!i;;ane, with those ,.'f
the clerical and learned professions, in iprlooting, by their in-
lutnc'e an] example, the culture ofSiik, will add another to the
many already existing evidences of thlrir devotion to the best
interests of our people, and will deserve tihe thanks of their fe!-
low-citi:ens and of this Society.
By Mr. Kinsman, of Penisylvania :
Resolred, That the Executive Co:umittec are thereby in-
structed t) take measures to procure the firnation of State So-
ciceies, and that they have authority to elect to the cflice of
Vice President each President of a State Society, if, in their
jidgiment, they shall deem it expedient before the next annual
By Dr. Cox, of Maryland:
Resolved, That the Executive Committee be requested to
prepare an abL.tract of the proceedings of the Convention and
of t i: %society, to be presented to boh li Houses of Congress.
Resolved, That when this Society adjourns, it adjourn to
meet in the city of Washington on thle second Wednesday after
the first Monday in December, 1839.
The Society then adjourned.
-t'tTiability to find room for them, has prevented an earlier
insertion of the above proccedings.-NAT. INT.]
S'T EPH3 N I~EUIP 11VT 'AI' ),
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAVW,
DLUBUQUE, IowA TERRITORY.
nov 28 -wly
rUAIrM AND) FISH"iERY FOR SALE.-Thisliro-
_Za perty is situated on the Potomac river, about twelve miles
below Alexandria, opposite Mount Vernon, in Ciarle-s county,
Marylanml. The farm contains between 200 and 300 acres, is
very fertile, and well adapted to the growing of tobacco, corn,
oats, rye, wheat, clover, &c. Its buildings are a two-story
frame dwelling, a kitchen, qi!::rter, poult:'y house, snok e-
io;!ute, Corn-house, stables, barn, &c. 'The panorama of tlie
Fort, Mount Vernon, and a noble sweep of tihe river, is very in-
teresting. In thle yr'd, which is a shady, pleasant locust grove,
is a never-friling' pump of cool, sweet water.
'lie Fishery is extensive, thought by many to ba capable of
division into two landings, and is under rent to good tenants.
Besides the annual cent, it supplies the farm with river grass,
wo.,d, fish offal and brine.
Persons desiring to purchase will of course view the proper-
ty, whenth therms will be made known by the subscriber.
dec 10-wGw MARY WEBSTER.
'R AT WATER PPOWER.--By orderof the Chan-
*AW ccll)r cf Marylund, will be sold-.at pu llic sale, at Eikton,
Cecil county, Maryland, on Thursday, 2 'th February next, at
3 o'clock, the valuable Mill Seats in said county, on tie main
MEET 1 O OF SILK GROWERS, &c.
A meeting of the silk growers and others friendJy to
the culture ofth t article took place on the evenings of the
14th and 17th o Dece:nbcr, at the vestry room of the New
Baptist Church in this city. The weather was inhospi-
table, but, notwithstanding, a large audience was in attend-
ance. Numbers of the Delegates from the Baltimore Con-
veriion were present; also, many members of Congress
and citizens of standing.
Dr. T. P. JoxN:E;, being called upon to preside, took the
chair, responding to the call with a few pertinent remarks.
MAr. JOINx F. CALLAN was appointed secretary.
The Rev. Mr. M cLEtAN, or New Jersey, being request-
ed to address the meeting, d:d so very proaitly, imparting
much information in a manner highly interesting and sa-
Mr. OLMSTEAD, from Connecticut, exhibited a great va-
riety of cocoons, silk in the thread and in the fabric.
Anongst other fabrics, silk velvet vesting, and riband, of
which three hundred yards per day were woven by a little
girl about eight years old. He entertained the company
with a variety of topics connected with the subject, and in
a style which elicited frequent applause.
The company were also much indebted to Mr. ELLIS,
from New Jersey, and to Mr. PARSONS, from Pennsylva-
nia, f.r the abuiidant practical knowledge (as regards tihe
raising the trees, the worms, the price of the silk, and com-
parative cost of production) which they imparted.
Mr. PoTTErm, of Petinsylvania, amid AMr. RAND')niP, of
New Jersey, also adrtcsrc'd the nwetir.g. The Cortiiis-
sioner of the Patent 01fee, M r. Eii,,swo"iTn, expressed his
decided conviction that the Tilk culture was destined to be-
come a great antd important branch of national industry,
and presented his views in an argument of great force and
earnestness, proving himnpelf to be intimately acquainted
with the details of the subject. HIe also made stioe inte-
resting remarks on the new method of nianufacturing su-
gar from the sugar beet, ard on the great improvement re-
cently made in the preparation of flax for manufacture:
justly showing that these three important products, which
were peculiarly adapted to domestic industry, were calcu-
lated to produce the most beneficial results, in a moral as
well a pecuniary point of view, to the citizens of tlhe
United States, as well as to the Indians who were advanc-
ing in civilization.
Air. Nouiis:, of this city, informed the meeting that he
could testify to the fitness of our soil and location for this
business, having tested it, as he observed, by experience ;
and invited his tellow-citiz-'ns and others to call upon !him
for any satisfaction which they might desire upon that
A among other items of information detailed, we remem-
ber the following as stated by some of the individuals
above referred to, viz. that the amount of silk manufac-
tures annually imported into our country is about :-..:2,000,-
000; til annual amount of ,cwina silk consumed about
-7 :!,7000; the profit of rai-sing irc.t, at present prices,
three or four lhuniriedi per cent.at the least ; that American
silk commands 2 ") per c: at. m:in' than any other, &c.
The above proceedings took place u poi a motion offered
by 1Mr. F'oDa.,C; nAo tIow.HtRD, as fUllows:
'' RIsolceld, That tihe climate a:id Poil tf ofur c,:natry are
well ad;japte to the i rodu cetioi of silk. a.nld thatit will be grcatly
to th" interest of our people that they early engage in its cul-
Thie mrt ion was carried nctn. co;,.
T'he fIicujwing resolution was then offered by Mr. JAMES
isolrcd, Thiate the nks of this n"eting are d;cl to) the
getitlemiti firmi abroad whii, have favored them witi their views
antI experience upon the intercst;ng sb'ije:t of silk cuiture."
Before offerii:g the resolution, Mr. H1. addressed the
meet'ing fI ;r a fev niomeiits, in a most impressive style.
During !his rena rks, and at their clc e, he was warmly
cli;'eered by the meeting. He averted, amiing other things,
to the c.,iparaiive progress of the growth and n;anufacture
of cotton with that of silk, and of the comparative effects
likely to result. He also paid a handsome compliment to
the citizens of the United States for their ingenuity and
skill, and for their precocious acmievements in arms, lite-
rature, and the arts.
This resolution was seconded by Dr. BLCK, who took
occasion to cocmmendn the gentleme rn embraced in the reso-
lution for the valuable services which they had rendered
the Baltimore Convention by the information which they
had imparted. He remarked that the citizens of Wash-
ington, especially the Silk Society, were under great obli-
gations to some of these gentlemen for having ably advo-
cated a motion to adjourn to this city, where the advan-
ta-'es of the p'bilic libraries, the patent office, and the pre-
sence of members of Congress offered facilities for obtain-
ing and disseminating information relative to their delibe-
rations which ni) other place could afford. He concluded
by moving that the thanks of the meeting be also accorded
to Mr. J. IHo1AN for the appropriate, eloquent, and patrio-
tic address which he had just delivered ; which, by draw-
ing public attention to this important subject, will tend to
give it an irresistible impetus.
The Ictolutinn. as seconded, was carried by acclamation.
On motion, the meeting adjourned.
" 7TJASHING'TON I5ARROW, Attoriley at Law,
formerlyry of Nashville, Tinncr:ec,) has removed to
NATCHEZ, Mississippi.-Hie will practise in the Supreme, Chan-
:ery,;aniid Federal Courts at Jackson, and will attend to the col-
lec:ion of claims in any part of Southern Misisiesppi.
Messrs. Foster & Fogg, Ycatilunn, Weoods & Co., Matthew
\V'ats n, Jno. M. Bias, William Nichol, and John Williams,
Messrs. A. & A. Lawrence & Co., Coolidge & Haskell,
Charles 1'. Curtis, Esq, and \Viiiard Phillips, Esq., Bsston.
Messrs, J. W. & lt. Leavitt, )oremnus, Suydamns & Nixon,
Fearings & Ci., Edward & George Curtis, Wiliis Ilall, Esq.,
and G en. Joih, Lloyd, New York.
M'esscs. Morgn;,, Crutcher & Co., Bryan, Po-i(nin & Heylin,
:ecrril!, erniard & Co., Gligg & Ellii.,t, Itiggs & Co., and Gen.
Reibert Patteritson, Ph iladelp/hiu
Messrs. Talbot, Joncs & Co., Tiffany, lDnval & Co., Erskine,
Eichelberger & Co., an.l Sam. Vynuan & Co., Baltimore.
Mess's. Thlos. J. Read & Co., Cromey & Ewing, J. S. Irwin,
and Wilkins T:utnchill, Louisville.
Me.'s'.rs. N. & J. Dick & Co., Brandier, McKenna & Wright,
Price, Johnson & Co., Yeatmian & Co., and T. P. Minor, New
Orleans. oct 3--eofm
A FA1l' M AT PUBLIC &AL E.-By virtue of a de-
cree from the Court of Chancery for Charles county, Ma-
ryland, I will proceed to sell at public sale, on Tuesday, tlie 8th
day of January, 1839, at the Court-house in Port'Tob;cco, a
tract of lond lying in said county, and containing about 295
acres. This larn was the residence of the Rev. Noble Young,
deceased, and is about two miles west of the Hill Top."
'Thcre is on this farm a neat and comfortable dwelling house,
together with bar ns, stables, servants' he uses, &c., a large or-
chard of excellent fruit, and a valuawe mill site, on a never-
The terms of sale are a credit of six and twelve months, the
purchaser giving notes or bowl, with approved security, and
bearing interest from ths day of sale. The title is indisputable,
and will be conveyed in fee simple to the purchaser when all
the purchase-mcney is paid.
The sale will take place at 12 o'clock.
A ('C ASSiCAL TEAC;Il iEt is wanted to take charge
of a School for pupils of both sexes, near the town ofWimn-
He wi!l be required totech the Greek and Latin languages,
the higher brancths of Mathetuatics, will the usual branches of
an Eri .sh eldcaioun. One whxIo hashad experience in teaching
woi :t be preferred.
Tioe salary is 8300 per annum, with board, washing, &c.
Testimonials as well of character as of qualification will be ie-
The !ltcbe being now vacant, it is important that it should be
Addircs either of the unlersigned (post paid) Winchester,
Vir ,init. WILLIAM STELPHiENSON,
ja3-tf JAMES G. FICKLIN.
TALUiAi .,E LAND FO1R ~ IALPE.-l now ofler at
pi private sale a tract of land in Fai:fax county, Virgini.a
a!oui t otl e mii 0 : outit of Fai fix Court -hioue', and f Mteen
Alexarindtia, \';ashington, and Georgetown. Thlis lan i 0"o
the w.viters of Pope's Head, and contains 1.000 acrm o u't onc
half of wlich is cleared and under cultivatio k~ blanc in
first-rate t imbni r, consisting of viite ant oa, suitable for
staves, which a.e in great dtemandt y,,ew' poplar, 'hikory &ce
There is also an excellent situation for a savw miil!. .ihe land. is
well adapted to the srowtl of grass, a oritioil of itb hrn in in mea-
dow, and x\.ou'd make a Fsuierri r grztin. ,cr dc]iry farnm. The
Iuil i!'r is a co.nfortable fratne dvclling house, with six
rooms ; aLo, an irchard of good fruit. The land is well water-
ed. haviinm- 40 or 50 snrinms of water upon it. Any person dis.
LIFE IN THE PRAIRIES.
FROM TIE NEWVARK DAILY ADVERTISER.
INTERESTING CORRESPONDENCE.-We have been pc-
litely furnished with the following letter from Mr. C. C.
SMITII, of Smithtown, (illinois,) to a friend in Philadelphia,
and we trust it will prove the forerunner of many more front
the same distinguished observer of men and things in the
\Wet. Mr. S. is a brother of the honorable John Smith,
I'ronm Mr. Smrii. of Smihlsburg, Smith county, Illinois, to
John Thomson, Esq., of Philadc/elhia.
DEAR TiHOMSON: As you cannot by possibility have an idea
of what prairie miud is, young nust be answeiably ignorant of
what I have u'ffered in toiling from Pologrove, our county-seat,
Io this home of' ine. It was knee-teep' every step, a:;d, then,
so tenacious-so viscous-not even the chemical t,,rminology
would express the treacle and tar-mixture through which I
have pas ed. But honne, is home ; and though I have a stump
in my parlor, and see daylight through the windward side of
my !og-hcu~e, yet I assure you there is a comfort even in this.
It is something to be monarch of all he surveys ; it is some-
thing to have overcome difficulties. Every mnan respects him-
self the more for having lived through a real scuffle; and, then,
one's wife and children, when healthy and hailpy, are as de-
Ie~;table in a iidi drness a ny where elke. There just as I
write, I hear the sharp percussion of two rifles. It is Charles
and Torn returning, no doubt, with wild meat en,;ugh to serve
oie of your Arch street dinner-parties for ten times. There
is something in that. A bear and a wild turkey give us a pain-
ful pleasure in the chase, and then are sustenau.ce to us, and
aff)id talk to the children for day a"ter day. 1 wish Tripes
and his sister, in Spruce street, who have pot to be v('g..t:;, o
mongers, ind think all meat t.oison, vnooud try their luck for a
month or so on this side of the Wabash ; they would a-urely
die ,f chagrin at the explosion of their theory. For, when
they should be presencd to a family of wild frontier rangers,
fellows who have well-nigh forgotten the taste of wheat, whose
richest loaf is corn ash-cake, and who use jerked beef or veni-
son with their tea, and have flesh, fesh, flesh, from Christmas
rill Christ inas, they would see as sto;t, noble, tight-nerved,
broad-backed, six f,.ot backwoodsmen as ever turned out of the
forests of Pannonia ; men that never saw a doctor, unless some
wandering missionary happened to be a "Thiompsonian," and
who are as likely to live to eighty years as the no-meat and
no-drink folks ere t) survive this winter.
Jones has gone. Ile made no impression on our sort of peo-
ple. Rely upon it, these Western lads, to use their own slang,
ihave cut their eye-teeth; and it is a poor speculation to
send us yoct refuse wares. I told Jones, long ago, that if he
would contentedly jog on as book-keeper, he would soon be able
to get into a better berth. But what ruined him with Filter &
Fitth was, his indolence, his wait of interest in what he was do-
ing. You say lie was honest and punctual--so he was ; but
then he was dead. I have known him to sit lik. a wax-work for
two hours over tile same page of his ledger. Such a man can't
possibly !ve here. Every one is on the alert. It is this that
characterizes the new States. You see it in the air of the
people; you hear it in their outre phraseology. They are
courageous, independent, and full of resources, fiom the very
necessity of he case. I am convinced that the strong points of
Iiii nin iat;1re, good and bal.d, were never brought out more de-
cidedly than iii ihe :e States. Plenty of strong food, plenty of
hard work, high hope, perpetual novelty, ample room for every
kind of expansion, carele:'sness of the opinions of others, con-
flict with real dangers, and the hardiness p oduced by out-door
athletic performances-these are what make the men of Ten-
ne.i-sce and Kentucky the most energetic as they are the largest
specimens of the homo sapiens. T'he snme occurs in Maine,
Veroimnt, and Michigan. It is the exact antipodes of Chestnut
street, in every particular. Take a city chit, who wears a
ring, and whisker enough for a bear, and a flash coat worth fifty
dollrP, and exhibit him to a genuine boy of the woods, and the
lat:ar would deal as gently with him as with a young opossum,
and as much wonder at ,is iprettiuicsu. Now tle whiskered and
the scented one has his u--es ; you would not readily put him
on a forlorn hope, or ask his aid if you were drowning ; but I e
pla\s a good pa t at a source, and stands gracefully behind a
counter, and lfrks his chopped meat wi h exemplary precision;
yet I should not tish to see him here ; he would think our ways
rouih and our clothes intolerable. Jones, without being effem-
inate, was what we call helpless, and he has gone home. O,
for a keg of picked oysters Before the winter has locked
every thing up, try to contrive a way for the two or three
books which Grigg promised to box. Tihe lame boy does very
well in the wood-yard, but we n ed one or two lads of all work.
The mail-boy comes within three miles once a week. Adieu.
Your true friend, C. C. SMITH.
SPLENDID CAPITALS FOR JANUARY,
$40,000-- 10,000! !
STATE OF VIRGINIA
RICHMOND ACADEMY LOTTERY.
Class No. 1, for 1839.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, Jan. 12, 1839.
BI LLIANT SCHEME.
I Capital Prize of 840.000
1 Plize of
25 Prizes of
$10-Halves $5-Quarters 82 50.
packages of 25 whole tickets, $130
do 25 half do 65
do 25 quarter do 32 50
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of the Petersburg Benevolent Mechanic As-
Class No. 1, for 1839.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, Jan. 19, 1839.
1 Capital prize of $30,000
1 prize of 10,000
1 cd 4,000
1 do 2,500
I do 1,797
50 do 1,000
50 do 400
50 do 300, &c.
130 prizes of $200
Tickets only $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 26 whole tickets, $140
Do do 26 half do 70
Do do 26 quarter do 35
30,000 Dollars !
100 prizes of 1,000.
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For endowring tle Leesburg Academy, and for other purposes
Class No. 1, for 1839.
To be drawn in Alexan.dria, Va. on Saturday, Jan. 26, 1838.
1 Capital prize of $30,000(
1 orize of 8.00
100 Piizes of
rickets only $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets, 8130
Do do 25 half do 65
Do do 25 quarter do 32 50
Orders for Tickets and Shares, or Certificates of Packages,
in the above magnificent schemes, will receive the most prompt
attention, and an official account of' each drawing sent imme-
diately after it is over to all who order from us. Address
D. S. GREGORY & CO. Managers,
dec 20-2aw3wcp Waslinvton City.
rn'1i CAPITALIISTS.--For sale, MILLS, and 1,000
S a res of LAND, situate three miles from the flourishiny-
and healthy vi'tiL e of Gainesville, Georgia, on the east aln'
wes(t banks f Cht-l-ntahooechee river. On the lands are "
prior set ,uerior to lhINT AND SAW hMlILS. L.S aBt
poe imia, and is as healuf, t- lii any pal urt iennsylvaia,
lan soc eims r atc and a thickly-settled country. Tl:e
celebiatet Springs at this place makes it already a second Sa-
radoga for invaidti s during the summer. Connected wilh this
land is a vein of GOLD ORE, from three to four feet wide, on
xvhich shafs eighty feet deep have been sunk, wlich yields, by
actul exeriimeni's, hen fluxed, not less than one and a half
r'.inrf cfpure (iold per four ounces of ore.
gFo any iiforkmua-,on as to locality, water power, thle ore beds,
and teri'mm, applicutionr i may be made to Mark lichards, Esq.
Pliiad Ilhia, or t:o the subsciiber and owner, in Athens, Geor-
gia. Those desirous to purchase, or make sitch investments,
would do well to examine the premises. Terms accommodat-
Sing. J' JONES,
I n ,__r t Athens, Gen.