National intelligencer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00052
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: May 4, 1837
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00052
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text


,,/4 o/ f V --

cAj't itflid 3h uit dlyLjLifI ^T



No 5449.

Price for a year, six dollars ) Payable in advance.
P'or si.x months, four dollars


From VIRGINIA we learn, in addition to the
returns already published, that JOHN TALIA-
FERRO (Whig) has been re-elected a Represen..
tative in Congress from that State, by an increas-
ed majority.

The town meeting proposed to be held at
Philadelphia, this afternoon, to consider of the
present embarrassment in the trade and ex-
change of the country has, we perceive, been
postponed, and in our opinion for wise reasons,
as we find them thus stated in the Philadelphia
Inquirer of Monday morning:
'The object ul tile ptostponelietat is, as we
understand, to bring about a conference of
'some of the most prominent citizens of the
Various political parties, and thus to insure a
'concurrence of action in relation to the exist-
'ing condition of affairs, by the whole com-
munity, without distinction of party. A very
enlightened and proper course, as it strikes us.
'All classes of citizens are alike affected by the
embarrassments in the money market, and, ifa
'desire be seriously entertained to induce the
'National Administration to attempt measures
of relief, every thing like party politics should
be avoided."
The Philadelphians are right. The present
distress, it is true, had its origin in party. It is
attributable solely to the war against the Bank
of the United States, the tried safe regulator of
the currency, because it would not submit to
be made a mere party tooJ of by bad or design-
ing men. But what has been has been, and can-
not be undone. The country is suffering from
the effects of a wound in a sensitive part; but
it is not by kindling a flame around the instru-
ment by which it was inflicted that a cure is to
be effected. Time and Nature may do much.
Other remedies should be of a mild and healing,
rather than irritating, nature.
We hope no one will suppose that we would
'impute blame to those who cry out against their
sufferings, and against the authors of them. No-
thing is more natural. It is to the doctors only
that we address our remarks. Among them the
proposed consultation" before action appears
to us to be altogether in rule, and every way
The offliial paper of yesterday, notices, with
the usual insolence of ( brief authority," a pas-
sage in the letter of our esteernwd .New Tork
correspondent, stating, under the date of Satur-
day last, as follows: "An order was received
'this morning from the Department at Washing-
'ton, to enforce the collection of all bonds un-
'paid at the custom-house of suspended mer-
'chants, without delay." This statement the
Globe calls Opposition fabrication." We shall
not stop here to inquire what is meant by an
"Opposition ;" though we know of no party
which can be thus defined, nor of any system-
atic or general principle of opposition, unless to
the preposterous blunders of the Government in
regard to the currency, and its presumption in-
deed in breaking it up, as it has done, under the
pretence of regulating it. Our business, now, is
with the alleged fabrication," which is at most
but a misapprehension of form, not of fact. In-
stead of an order to enforce the collection of
bonds, it is probable that it has been decided
here, at Washington, by the Executive officers,
that the requisitions of the law, in regard to the
commencement of suits upon unpaid bonds, are
imperative, and leave no discretion with the
Treasury officers. The official paper says, We
have inquired, and learn that no such order has
been issued." It would have been a stretch of

candor and courtesy not to be expected from
such an organ as the Globe, had it stated what
it did learn, when it did not learn that such an
" order" had been issued. Let the Official edi-
tor, however, publish the letter which was actu-
ally written to New York in answer to the ap-
plication for a postponement of suits upon un-
paid bonds, and we shall at least know authenti-
cally what the truth is in regard to this matter.

The Treasury Order, which, among other
things, causes the present distress throughout
the country, was issued and acted upon without
the authority of law, upon the responsibility of
one man. Both Houses of Congress, by a ma-
jority of more than two-thirds, repealed that or-
der by a new law ; but one man pocketed that
law until Congress adjourned, and it became of
no effect-so that the Treasury Order is now in
force, by the will of that one man, against the
vote of both Houses of Congress, and against
the wishes of nine-tenths of the business portion
of the People; and our Government is called a
republican Government, and those who admin-
ister it are called democratic republicans Those
who expect us to believe this might, with as
much reason, expect us to believe that the ice-
bergs at the north pole are burning masses of
WAR.-Tired of these piping times of peace," the she-


The following official publication on the state
of the Revenue is copied from the Government
paper of yesterday :
In conformity to a resolution of the Senate, passed
March 2, 1837, notice is hereby given that the receipts foi
the month of March last were, as near as can be now as-
From customs $1,997,303
From lands 1,228,063
Secretary of the Treasury.
P: S.-The above exhibit for each month during the
present recess of Congress is the only one required to be
made by any existing law in respect to the receipts and
expenditures, or the deposit banks. But as it may be in-
teresting to the community, the folUwinm statements are
During the quarter ending the 31st of March, the whole

receipts from customs have been about
Those front lands about -
Those tfrmn misceiianectas'sources, chiefly
interest from deposit banks

The whole expenditures during that quarter
have been about -

Leaving an excess of receipts amounting to
about -






But, during the month of April, the receipts are believed
to have been considerably less than the expenditures,
though an accurate exhibit of them cannot be given till
the 1st of next month.
It is, however, ascertained, from the Treasurer's run-
ning account, that the whole amount of money applicable
to appropriations, and which is now in the Treasury and
on deposit in the banks and the mint, is, after deducting
what has been and is to be paid to the States, only about
Notwithstanding the extreme pressure upon
the financial system of the country, (the pres-
sure upon the merchants, planters, &c. re-act-
ing, of course, upon the Treasury,) it appears
that there was received into the Treasury, in the
month of March last, the handsome amount of
$3,225,366, being at the rate of nearly forty
millions of dollars per annum. This, in a Go-
vernment which owes not a dollar, is at peace
with all the world, (thanks to the last Congress
for that, at least!) and possesses almost inex-
haustible wealth in real estate, is doing a very
handsome business.
From the wording of the last paragraph of
the official article, it might be inferred, though
we dare say no such inference was intended to
be encouraged, that there is at this time but six
millions of dollars in the Treasury of the United
States, whilst the amount of the People's money
actually in use by the pet banks is at least four
times six inillons of d,!lars. The amount sub-
ject to distribution among nie States on the 1st
day of January last was officially stated at
$37,48S,859. Of this amount one-fourth was
distributed on or after tie 1st of January, and
one-fourth on or soon after the 1st of April
last. One-half of that amount, therefore, yet re-
mains to be paid to the States, viz. $18,734,429.
Add this to the new surplus, as estimated at
the Treasury, of $6,087,612, and the total
amount of money in the Treasury is now Twen-
ty-four Million Eight Hundred and Twenty-two
Thousand, four hundred and Jorry-one dollars

It is by no means unusual to hear people re-
marking upon the unprecedented character of
our seasons, and contrasting the climate of our
country with that of Europe. It is true that
there is ample room for amendment in this re-
spect; but that we have not degenerated of late
years, and that our spring, if in some respects
objectionable, is not the only bad one, we may
learn from the following extract from a letter of'
Lady Mary W. Montagu, written about a cen-
tury since, and dated Venice, May 17:
I had the happiness of a letter from your ladyship a
few days since, and yesterday the pleasure of talking of'
you with Sir Henry Engleficld. He tells me you are still
in ice and snow at Florence, and we are very little better
at Venice,where we remain in the state of warming beds anti
sitting by fire-sides. I begin to be of opinion that the sun
is grown old ; it is certain he does not ogle with so much
spirit as lie used to do, or our planet has made some slip un-
perceived by the mathematicians. For my own part, who
am more passionately fond of Phoebus than ever Clyinene
was, I have some thoughts-of removing into Africa, that I
may feel him once more before I die, which I shall do as
surely as your olive trees, if I have much longer to sigh for
his absence."
SroP THE RUNAWAY.-We always obey the commands,
and not only the commands, but the wishes, of the ladies,
if we can ; therefore we comply with the request of'" Mrs.
Sophia Shin lies, correctly Sophia Camill," of Buffalo,
who charges her husltriid, Alexander Camill, alias John
Shindles, with deserting her bed and board, and taking off
with him four or five hundred dollars in money, and a
gold watch and chain worth a hundred dollars more. Mrs.
Camill says that Mr. Camill is twenty-nine years old, has
dark hair, dark complexion, dark gray eyes, prominent
teeth, and a small mouth, and wears a plain gold ring with
a blue stone. She cautions all females to beware of such
men: but whether she means men so physically construct-
ed and wearing such rings, or men capable of such con-
duct, we are not advised.-Pa. Inquirer.

On Friday morning, April 28th, at Hanipstcad, L. I.,
New York, DEBORAH, relict of the late JoHN ONDER-
DONK, M. D. and mother of the Right Rev. Bishop ON-
DERDONK, in the 70th year of her age.
On the 19th ultimo, Hon. WILLIS ALSTON, for
many years a member of Congress from the Halifax dis-
trict, in North Carolina.
In the Island of St. Croix, on the 27th February last,
aged 6"2 years, Major WM. THORNLEY, a native of'
King George, and for many years a resident of Caroline
county, Va. Major THORNLEY visited the West Indies
with the fallacious hope of arresting a violent pulmonary
disease, under which he had been a patient and resigned


This is a great day in New York in the mov-
ing way. This is the annual term-day, when
rent for the year expires, and when new con-
tracts are made for a year to come. Hence all
is commotion and hubbub in the streets. The
population of a great city is out-of-doors; and
women and children, chairs, beds, sideboards,
and sofas, and so-forths, throng all the high-ways
and by-ways.
Stocks stand firm to-day, and Saturday's rise
stands yet. There is, however, no variation in
money affairs. The news from Europe will de-
cide the fate of many houses, who are now de-
pending upon England. The wind blows a gale
off shore, and we shall have nothing till it veers.
There is, I suspect, some misapprehen-sion
about the suits on Custom-house bonds, of which
I wrote you onSaiurdaay. The Times says the
suits are intiiituled under the act of Congress,
and not by order of the Treasury Department. I
am glad that the Secretary has had no hand in
this matter.
There was no riot on Saturday night, as fear-
ed, upon the subject of the slave claimed from
Baltimore, and the dismissal of the Marshal,
NASH. Only twenty or thirty persons were
brought together by the placards, and old
Hays" advised them to go home, and they fol-
lowed his advice.
The packet-ships all sailed to-day, with a
strong westerly wind.
There is no news from the interior of this
State, and of New England, but of the stopping
of factories, the suspension of public works, the
calamities of the times, &c.

JAMES GETTVS, to be members of the Levy Court for the
county of Washington, in the District of Columbia.
CEMENT SMITH, to be a Justice of the Peace for the
county of Washington, in the District of Columbia.

This article, now of established reputation, may be had
at the Drug Stores of Drs. William Gunton and S. J. Todd,
Washington ; illiam Stabler, Alexandria ; and M. Linthi-
cam, Georgetown; and in every other city, town, and village
in the United States anal the Canadas. ap 15-cprnm
more commonly known as VASS," will be sold at public auc-
tion on Wednesday, May 17th, ensuing, if fair, if not, the next
fair day.
Property of this description, and of similar value, is rarely
offered at public sale. The Mills are situated about midway
between the towns of Frodericksburg and Falmouth, say half
a mile from each. The water power is derived from the Rap-
pahannock river, iinl is ample either for flour mills, cotton fac-
torv, or like >tro,-., Thelre are u tL ~ premnisese a mill in
first-rate order F,:. t ilan .ir. u Z '. n.! larges-or--
houses; the mill-house is fifty feet by forty-five, five stories
high ; it contains three pair six feet French burrs, ,ne pair five
and a half feet, one pairof rubbers, four and a half feet; plaster
breaker, two pair wheat elevators, two large screws, with fans
attached for cleaning wheat; bolting reels, ulstings, &c., with
iron gearing throughout; two new overshot water-wheels, and
shafts put i in te summnier of 1835, made of thlie best oak;
size ofthe upper wheel, seve.iteen feet diameter, eleven feet
head ; lower wheel, seventeen feet in diameter, ten and a half
feet head. The Mill is capable of turning out one hundred
barrels of flour in twenty-four hours. Store-house No. I is dis-
tant from the mill forty-five feet; size, forty by forty ; No. 2 is
twenty feet from the mill; size, fifty by twenty-five. The
store-houses are connected with the mill by a railroad. In
shipping flour there is no extra expense attending, as the scow
or flat comes up to the store-house.
The terms will be liberal, and made known on the day of
sale. For tw ,-thirds of the, purchase-money properly secured,
bearing interest, a very long credit will be given.
ap 22-2awtys Executrix of James Vass.
PHIA.-The Course of Lectures in this Institution
will commence, as usual, on the first Monday in April.
Dr. N. Chapman, President, on Practice of Medicine.
D)r. WV. E. Hurncr, on Anatommy.
Dr. Samnuel Jackson, on Materia Medica.
Dr. John Bell, on Inst. of Med. and Med. Jurisp.
Dr. J. K. Mitchell, on Chemistry.
Dr. Hugh I. Hodge, on Midwifery:
Dr. Thomas Itarris, ou Surgery.
Dr. P. B. Goddard, on Anatomny and Chemistry.
Dr. T. I). Mutter, ou .Suirgery and Materia Medica.
Dr. W. Har is, on Midwifery.
Dr. Robert Morris, on Practice and Institutes.
niar 24--epl2t Secreta rv.
VfO STREET PAVERS.-Pursuant to an order of;
A. the Board of Trustees of the town of Portsmoutth, the un- \

dersigned (Commissioners will receive proposals until the 10tih of
May next, for paving the side-walks of Crawford street with
Alexandria hard bricks, (or bricks of equal hardne's,) and for
paving with pebble or round stone the gutters of Crawfbrd
street, and the crossings of the intersecting streets. The side-
walks to be supported on the outer edge by a curb-stonie, to be
sided and faced, eamh stone to be 5 inches on thle face, not less
than 3 feet I -., and at least 20 inches deep. Crawford street
is 100 feet' wide; tihe distance to be paved is about 1,500 feet.
There are six intersecting streets. It is estimated that it will
rinquire 3,5.'0 -irn el ftc-t of curb-stone, 6,500 yards of brick
pavement, and 1,500 yards of pebble pavement. Thie grading
and preparing the street for the paving will be done by the
Trustees. The contractor to furnish sand, which can be readily
procured from a very short distance. The whole work to be
finished by the 10tli of October.
ap 24--2awt 0thmay Commissioners.
trac.tive scheme ever ,offered to the Pablic will be drawn
at Alexandria, 1). C. on Saturday, 27th. of May, 1837.
15 drawn ballots out of 75 numbers.
Si- Capital Prize-- 75,000.
Class E, for 1837.

z I. .,1 capital of
prize of
do -
o -
do -
t'im -

25, 000
- [0,000
- 9,000
7, 5(10

.'i,s., t---4,000,---3.000, 2,73-2, 2,500, 2,000, 5 of1,750, 5 of 1,500,
50 prizes of 1.000, 50 of 750, 50 of 600, 50 of 500, 50 of 400
60 of 300, 60 of 250, 60 of 200, 60 of 150, &c.
Tickets .2, Halves $10--Quarters $3-Eighths $2 50.


The nev : from MIssIssiPPI is of the most disheartening
description. Letters from gentlemen of the highest stand-
ing, in various quarters of that State, tell of things that
would not have been dreamed of two months ago. We shall
endeavor to give an abstract of the information now in our
possession, in order that the real state of things may be
Negroes that, three months since, cost 81,200 to $1,500
each, can now be bought in any part of Mississippi for
.JI.50 to 300 cash. This description of property, whose in-
creased value depended entirely upon the late exorbitant
prices of cotton, has there come down to a level with the
present depreciated rates of the great staple, leaving the
unfortunate purchaser minus thousands. The loss on this
kind of property alone is enough to bankrupt the State.
But the misfortune does not stop here.
The planters had anticipated their crops, and received
and expri ded three-fourths of their value months ago. On
the delivery of the cotton so bought and paid for, they na-
turally c:.me forward and expected to mortgage, as it were,
their lab pital, and time, for the next twelve months,
in. ,,": ,l pucurc ,sufficient of the necessarims of life fbr
the support of their negroes, to get the means for car-
rying on their plantations, pitching their crops, &c. &c.
To their surprise, the 4th of March and its attendant de-
struction came upon all their expectations, and crushed
them in an instant. They are now left without provisions
and the means of living and using their industry for the
present year. In this dilemma, planters whose crops have
becn from 100 to 700 bales, find themselves forced to sacri-
fice many of their slaves in order to get the common ne-
cessaries of life for the support of themselves and the rest
of their negroes. In one instance, a small planter, whose
hopes ran high last winter, and who owned twenty-two
slaves, sold three of hij best men, for which he had actual-
ly paid $3,200, for $850, to buy pork and corn for the re-

JAMEs H. SHEPIARD was on the 24th instant unanimous-
ly elected President of the Union Bank, in place of GLEN-
DY Pi R:KE, Esq., resigned. In noticing this change, we
would remark, that the Public accord to Mr. Burke every
qualification for the office he filled, and join the stockhol-
ders in regret that his valuable services are not at their
Mr. Shoplhard has been called from retirement by the
universal confidence of the Public, to lend his aid and ex-
perience in these times of difficulty.

But one fMature, different from those noticed in our pre-
vious late numbers, can be remarked in our market this
week-that of increased embarrassment and inactivity.
Holders of merchandise are unwilling to dispose of their
goods on any other terms than cash; and for this, they are
willing to sll at the lowest rates. But such is the diffi-
culty experienced by buyers in procuring money equal to
their wants, that no operations worthy of mention occur.
COTTON.-Our cotton market has at last become totally
lifi'le-. During the last week, our brokers have not pre-
tended to make a report of sales, and we believe the trans-
actions of the whole week would not embrace more than
from 600 to 800 bales; the extreme prices of which have
been 3 and 13 cents. About 4,000 bales have arrived since
our last, whi!ie 11,464 have been exportel.
[Ct i.( ::st'o)NliNCE OF THE W'ASuINGI. iN:o: '1.I. 0
NEw OIIEANs, APRII, 25, 1837.
The house of BirM:KE, WATT, & Co. went by the board
yesterday. It was the largest cotton house in the city.
Mr. BritiE is the President of the Union Bank, and the
initiated conceived that hc could not fall. The amount of
his failure has not transpired, but it is greater than any
before him. He will take with him some ten or fifteen
houses here, and in Natchez.
The banks are doing no new paper, and drawing on no
place except England, and even there very sparingly, in
order to pay their debts. Buyers of bills look with suspi-
cion on all private sellers and banks. Cotton is generally
bought for remittance. Rates are still ruinous. Thou-
sands of bales are in our warehouses and on our levee,
valueless, and I fear destined to rot in the sun and rain.
All kinds of produce have fallen, and are daily falling.
For cash, large lots of Flour can be got at $5 50. Every
article is ten to twenty per cent. under the quoted value of
the market-mongers. Mess pork can be had at $15. Cof-
fee in the same way can be secured at 9 a 9[ cents, best
lHava:na green.
It is rumored here that the ship Star, Glover, was lost on
the south side of Cuba; all hands saved.

feb 21--cpim
.R- will be opened on tlie 1st of June. The subscriber feels
that they require but little introduction--acknowleldged to be
for health, romantic beauty of location, heightened by the ju-
dicious arran gemnt of European gardeners of tlie first cele-
brity, 'Sans Pareil," commanding, front its elevated position,
an immense area of hill and dale, woodland and waterfall. Tihe

Hotel arrangements have been made with the sole view to lthe
comnflrt of visitors, the building being such as to admit of that
gr 'att desideratuni in suimmii er hotels, thorough ventilation.
The iproprietor would call the attention of tie Public more
particularly to the acknowledged excellence of the waters, from
t!ih beautiful fountains of which many a wearied invalid has
brnaihed life with a renewed vigor. A most excellent and
highly popular band has been engaged,to lead, by its enchanting
notes, tie gay dauce, and ihrow, at other periods, by its sweetest
cadences, a charmn around this justly termed ; "ontpelier of
America." The domestic department, y its systematic action,
sh'Jl.a.ive p thie visitor that quiett and attention so m'.ih *.... ,'.,I
for n111 ummor retreats. An artiste of the fir:t repi,.at.io 1.,.
been engaged to preside over the culinary department. An
elaborate selection of wines, without reg rd to cost, will Ie pre-
sented to the choice of the visitors. Billiard and Bath Rooms,
and various other amusenients, are prepared for the healthful
recreation of the patrons, with the strenuous exertions of tihe
subscriber to make this establishment one of the most fashion-
able and select in the Union.
The new Philadelphia and Baltimore railroad will be cowm-
plete from Baltimore to within three miles of the Ho:el in July,
so tihat tie house is within five hours' ride from \Vashington,
Ithlce from Baltimtore, and three fromn Philadelphlia.
may --2awrjunpI5 GEO.. .SHELLEY.
TOTICE TO TAX PAYERS.-Allpersons indebt-
ed for taxes bor the years 1835 and 1836, are notified to
make immediate payment, or the law will be enforced against
them, as the undlerigned is determined to close his collections
wiithot further delu v.
John R. I. Baden and Henry Baden are my authorized depu-
ties, (Mr. James Carter having declined acting as deputy any
longer,) the firmer in Marlboro' and Spalding districts, and the
later in Vanmsville and Bhlaensburg, and their receipts only
will be good against ime for all taxes due in their respective dis-
tricts. T. M. D. BAI)EN,
Collector, Prince George's county.
ap 1 --law3xw
A TEACHER WANTED.--We wish to engage a
young rman wio is well qualified to tach the Latin and
I 1 o 1 .. .. ,



The "constitutional currency" papers, all over
the United States, sensible of the misery whiich
has been brought upon the country by the un-
wise measures of General Jackson, and anxious
to save their party from the consequences of the
re-action of public opinion which must inevita-
bly take place, when the presumption of their
leaders in meddling with things they could not
comprehend shall be filly exposed, are inces-
santly occupied in the endeavor to make it ap-
pear that the storm which is now raging through-
out the land is solely to be ascribed to specula-
tion and over-trading. In this sentiment it is to
be regretted that many respectable and worthy
citizens of the opposite party unite, who, with-
out taking the trouble to trace back the e'il to
its original source, are disposed to rest satisfied
vtli mere secondary causes, and to flatter their
se f-rove by contrasting their own extreme pr:, ,-r i-
with what they term the wild imprudence of oth-
ers. That there has been a great excess of spe-
culation, an inordinate degree of over-trading,
and a wide-spread system of credits, entirely be-
yond the limits of ordinary discretion, is not to
be disputed. But the question occurs, and this
is the whole pith of the matter at issue, could such
a state of things have occurred had Gen. Jack-
son not tried his hand at various humble efforts
to restore the constitutional currency ?" I an-
swer that it was impossible that such a state of
things could have occurred, and this I will now
undertake to prove.
And first, I will suppose, for the sake of illus-
tration, the following case: The banker Roths-
child arrives in this country, and gives out on
his arrival that he has come to settle here, and that it is
his intention to draw bills upon Europe for .forty millions
of dollars, fir the purpose of lending out the proceeds
amongst the good people of the United States. He pro-
poses to let Philadelphia have five millions, New York ten
millions, Boston five millions, the Southern States ten mil-
lions, and the Western country ten millions. Ho finds the
merchants andt people of the United States in the pursuit
of a regular business, the banks in safe and easy circum-
stancr, with ability to discount all the good real paper that
is offered, and private capitalists with an abundance of
money to lend in the market at six per cent., or on landed
security at five per cent. Nobody is in reality in want of
money for the ordinary operations of business; when all
at once a cry is heard, I have millions to lend, who wants
to borrow 1" The novelty of this sound to people who
generally had to run after money, instead of having money
running after them, could not fail to set the speculative fa-
culty at work to find out some mode ofemploying money by
which more than six per centum could be made by it. It
is soon ascertained that almost every body is willing to bor-
row, and Rothschild makes his loans for an indefinite term,
but with an understanding that possibly lie may not call
them in for several years.
Any man with half an eye can see the immediate effect
of these loans. An army of speculators and dealers is at
once raised up at all the different points where the loans
are made, with cash in hand, looking out fnor objectsto deal
ini. and hiddii:g against each other. The notoriety of this
th' at once induces every body who potsess. 4an.ly real es-
; ,.. oLk. ',e ,:';h-,-un't ii-, or other proiprt hvhich is
sou_ ht after, to raise their prices. bales at- u 1 :. t..3 i;.
ni- changes hands, but in the possession of its new own-
ers it is probably still a capital seeking a fresh investment.
New banks and railroads are projected, and public lands
applied for. ''Te prices of every species of property and
co:nmodity aug nent, and, as prices rise, a universal spirit
of overtrading seizes upon the community, and purchases
on credit follow to a very great extent. It is by no means
unreasonable to suppose that a loan of forty millions of dol-
lars, made in this manner, might in the course of two years
create debts in the shape of bonds, mortgages, promissory
notes, bills of exchange, &c. to the extent of four hun-
dred millions of dollars beyond the usual ordinary debts of
the community. At length, Mr. Rothschild, all at once,
and quite unexpectedly to his debtors, calls for his money
in four annual instalnents, for the purpose of lending it
out ag tin, not merely at fifty or sixty points, but all over
the United States, at as many points as there are counties
or townships. What think you, reader, would be the cf-
feet of this movement 1 Nothing short of general ruin.
The demand foir money to meet the cngagncrmnts for the
forty millions of dollars due Rot hschild would operate upon
the whole four hundred millions, and upon all other exist-
ing contracts besides. Prices would fall. Bankruptcies
and sacrifices of property would take place all over the
country. In short, we should see precisely the state of
things which we have now before our eyes, resulting from
the lending and collecting of forty millions of the public
But, it may be asked, how could General Jackson have
prevented this state of things y1 If forty millions of dollars
of public revenue hadl accumulated in the Treasury, was it
not better that it should have been loaned out, than that it
should have been locked up ? I'he answer to these ques-
tions is a very simple one, and it is this : Hafrd I: deposits
not been removed. there could hare been no surplus revenue.
It was the act of sending part of those deposites to the
TWestern States, which furnished the means for the first

speculations in public lands. Tie public money was lent
to persons to buy land with, and the same identical money,
being returned to the deposit banks by the receivers of the
land offices, was loaned out over and over again, until thel
amount arising from!i the sales was upwards of forty-foiur
millions of dollars in three years, being seven millions o'
dollars more than the amount distributed amongst t-'e
States, as may be seen particularly detailed in an artlle
furnished by the present writer on the 22, of March JIst.*
But it may be further asked, could not the 320 old kinks,
which had been the growth of forty-ei-tht years, anm'which
General Jackson found in operation when lie ce into
office, in conjunction with the 357 new ones v:ich were
* i,..._.tlit into existence by his seven years' '" hi"rble efi"rt'
to restore the constitutional currency, have *lbordled simi-
lar facilities for over-trading and specul:;tiL ? The an-
swer to this question is, first, that oftl i. .. new banks,
186 were the offspring of his first humnl"- effort,'' namely,
his declaration of war against the B ik of the United
States ; and, secondly, that the remain;a' 171 were directly
engendered by his second humble font,' to wit, the re-
moval of the deposits, a part of ':m" h ei designed to
scramble for a share of the pub money, and a part of
them being built upon the loans' tI'e surplus eveue. As
far, therefore, as the new bank are concerned, no facilities
could have been afforded by pemm, and for the simple rea-
son that they would inot hatvcene7 in existence; and as for
the old banks, we have threvidence of near half a century,
with the single except, of a period of war to show
That with all the tem..tion to expand their issues to an
undue extent, to whir wibanks are at all times liable, they
did not do it up to 'ic period of the removal of the depoo-
sites. For this. ever, they deserve no credit. They
Tht foll wi is the amount of mnrncys received for sn!rs
Sthe p public i( nt the ditffrent land -im- in lhe Staw:fr anmd
Te rritories Nwlin" the year- 1S36, so far as the rcurimis huad been
received w'" the report was made to Comgres's:
hre.cie ; .-l5f, 5,,455 27
i. a t l,(17,.96fi 80
1ynois 633,6G7 87
lisso ri 1,971,91.5 29

--m~u~a~B- ----rv 1~B~rr~BC~~oi~'C! ~-41~I~Ylllll~eFBs~CC~~~~dlBs~sll~

store frame dwelling house, a two-story barn, the lower of stone;
thrstable joins the barn, so as to form a right angle, and the
.ain-house is connected with the stable, making it a very de-
.iirable place for cattle. It lies on the main road leading from
Bladensburg to Good Luck post office, and can easily he recog-
nised by two rows of locust trees leading from the road to the
house. Clover, plaster, and lime have been used with great
success. It certain!y yviids, in a great degree, to the growth of
clover, timothy, and red-lop. There are two meadows, one at
the head of a spring ofu-ery pure water, adjoining the barn,.
distant sixty yards iri the dwelling; the other in one of the
fields,,headed by four first-rate springs. The place is divided
into six fields, and tih' barn being so centered as to receive the-
stock from either direction. This farm would suit a town gentle-
mian, for its looal situation partakes of some variety. It htas a
large supply of wood land, and a very handsome young apple
orce.ard of select fruit. It possesses a large and desirable out-
let for ctile and hogs, and the farmi is well adapted to grazing,
which would render it acceptable to those who would prefer
farming altogether. Possession can be had at any time, and
payments to suit the purchaser. Messrs. GEORGE W1. IPHIL-
LIPS and WICTER BEVER, both of Washington city, can de-
scribe this farm to the satisfaction of irnqiry.
I LAYERS.-Proposals will be received by the Coin-
niiitee appointed by the Court of Clauke county, to contract for
the building of a court-house, clerks' offices, and jail, for the
said county. It is conjectured that between two and three hun-
dred thousand bricks will be requiiied for tlihes buildings.
Persons presenting tlieir proposals will state distinctly the
terms upon which ihey will contract to make, burn, and lay Ithe
bricks -,er thousand, to be counted in the walls; but the com-
mittee would contract for making and laying the bricks sepa-
rately--the work in either case to he done in the best manner,
anid strictly agreeable to the specifications of the cotnnmittee
wlho are anxious to get the buildings urNter cover during the
present year. E)DWAR) J. SMITh,
WILLIAM TAYLOR, '-Committee.
ap 13-4t Berryville, Clarke County, Virginia.

~._~.- .-------- .--.L-

pSisP1Li~r~"~3';1*a~IESB~;lri9J0(7P~I~; ------,.--- -_a~a~runr~rri~4IR*re~lR-~U~~-~D).,\ .~;+p~;Rll~mRnBE)

w;re not able to do it, and for the following very plain
Where the currency of a country is left undisturbed by the
a-tion of Government, it is not possible, in times of peace,
.for banks to augment their issues for any great length of
tine, so as to effect a depreciation of any great extent. A
depreciation cannot fail to be detected by the rate of ex-
diange, which, as soon as it rises above par to an amount
equal to the expense of transporting coin to foreign coun-
tries, occasions the return upon the banks of their notes
fir payment, and this obliges them to contract their issues.
The foreign exchange is the index of a currency, and will
ts certainly point out its excess or deficiency, when not in-
.errupted by disturbing causes, as a thermometer does the
preponderance of heat or cold. It is owing to the well-
known truth of this axiom in political economy, that in or-
dinary times the operations of the banks in the United
States have been carried on without any disastrous fluctu-
ations, and they would have continued in the same career
had not THE AMERICAN NECKAR deranged the whole ma-
chinery of commerce, by forcing the wheels to work the
wrong way.
If I have not in the foregoing articles fully proved the
measures of General Jackson to have been the true causes
of the disasters under which the country is now writhing,
I would be glad to see some of those very prudent citizens
who denounce all who have overtraded, as if they were
without excuse, undertake to disprove my positions. If
they cannot do this, it would be well for them if they would
turn their eyes inward, and inquire whether they have not
themselves been guilty of the vice of speculation, if not by
buying property, stocks, or mercta:.dis4, at leatirty holding
on for higher prices, thereby showing that they had them-
selves been deluded, as well as tneir neighbors, by the
false appearances of what General Jackson, in his farewell
homily, called prosperity and happiness. And if they be
men of feeling, I would like to ask them if they should see
a friend, not blessed with as keen a sight as themselves,
walking along Front street at night, and fall through a grate
into a cellar and break his neck, would they condemn him
for his want of sharp eyes, and let the person escape all cen-
sure, who from carelessness or malice had leftthe grate open'
That those should ascribe altogether to over-trading and
excessive speculation the disasters which ate every day
accumulating, whose obligation it is to shield from public
odium the true authors, is quite natural; but t is not easy
to see how others can justify themselves in stopping short
of the true source of the mischief. Every word they ut-
ter is seized upon by the press of the Administration, which
has identified itself with the measures of General Jackson,
in order to draw off the Public from the true scent; and,
as the faithful editors of those journals take especial care
to let their readers see none of the argIuments which go to
prove the ruinous tendency of those measures, they actu-
ally derive their strongest support from the admissions of
their opponents. This will be seen every day in the col-
umns ofthe official paper at Washington, which, being
read by thousands of persons in all parts of the United
States who see no other paper, is enabled to make false
impressions on the public mind from materials furnished
by its very enemies. Even the Journal of Commerce, of
the commercial city of New York, has been guilty of the
indiscretion of giving countenance to the doctrine that no
deeper cause exists for the distress which now pervades
the country than the spirit of speculation and over-trading
of the American merchants and the English hankers. In at-
tempting, too, to make this appear, in the Journal of the
26th April, the additional indiscretion has been committed
of greatly exaggerating the amount of accommodations
extended by the latter to the former, which, I learn from
the most authentic sources, has not exceeded the sum of
twenty millions of dollars, without Iroperty or available
securities in hand, or in transit, But, even had the
amount been as great as fifty millions, the sum asserted by
the Journal, what inference in favor of over-trading could
have been drawn from that fact ? None whatever. By
the modern improvements of trade, the London bankers
have furnished the American importing merchants with
the means of purchasing British manufactures with cash,
or at a short credit, at a great reduction from the old long
credit prices, and by this operation our merchants have
become indebted to British hankers instead of British ma-
nufacturers. The coinmcrcial! Ipbt of America toEngland
ha:-, not tercby been au:gu":;te, and .r! ;ifrt'i tions in re-
mittances have taken place on tile part of the Anmerican~
merchants sufficient to embarrass the London bankers,
those defalcations have resulted from the disasters which
have taken place on this side of the Atlantic, owing to the
removal of the deposits and the specie circular, which
have stopped remittances from the Western country; or,
on the other side of the Atlantic, owing to the fall in the
price of cotton, consequent upon the gold bill and the im-
portation of the French indemnity. So that, view the
matter as we may, the source of the evil is to be found at
home; and, like the poisoned shirt of Nessus, it will stick
to its authors in spite of all the efforts of the Globe and
Journal of Commerce to shake it off.
But is it not somewhat derogatory to the high character
of the Hero, who, in his famous manifesto to his cabinet
of the 18th of September, 1833, announcing his resolution
to remove the deposits, so fearlessly declared, "Its respon-
sibility has been assumed after the most mature delibera-
tion and reflection," that his partisans should display so
much anxiety to shield him from the responsibility If
there was any meaning in the phrase, it must have been
that he was willing to bear the blame of all the fatal con-
sequences which should follow the act. There was no
other responsibility which he could have assumed, unless
it were that of indemnifying the country and individuals
for the tens of millions of dollars losses which they have
sustained by his meawures,.which will hardly be pretended
by his friends, and t is therefore disparaging to his fame
and chivalric pretrisions to thrust forth the unfortunate
men whom he hps ruined, to stand between him and the
Public, and this endeavor to shield him from the indigna-
tion to which Ais measures have so richly entitled him.

A ^'M FOR SALE--Sitnated in Prince George's
co nty, Maryland, containing 270 or 280 acres. It lies in
a very.leasant and healthy neighborhood, and is distant ten
miles from WVashin ton city. The impriovenients are a two-


AUGUST 15.-A little past five this mornin-
left Geneva, on an excursion to CHAMOUNI
Thle day was clear and cool, and wve were con.
gratulating ourselves on having such fine wea-
ther foi the jauut. The country about Geneva
is beautiful ; it is finely cultivated, and abounds
with handsome villas. Met great numbers of
tihe country people bringing tie produce of
their faimns to market. The women ha ve fine
clear complexions, witli rosy cheeks : the vounrg
girls are very Hehes, and might well be taken
as models of rustic beauty.
At a short distance from Geneva the road en-
ters Savoy. We had not been live minutes in
His Majesty's territories, before we were re.
minded, by the solicitations of mendicants, that
we had passed the confines of Switzerland. It
is astonishing that, in so short a distance, there
should be that difference of character; but such
is the fact. The Swiss are industrious, hardy,
independent, and comfortable: the Italians are
filthy and wretched though I believe it is still
true that the Savoyards are less so than the in-
habitants of any other part of Italy. Their
character, from their proximity and constant
intercourse, does assimilate, in some degree, to
that of their Skwiss neighbors.
The first town of any consequence, on our
route, was Bonneville : it contains two hotels,
and a considerable number of houses. [Here
we passed the ri rr, Arve, on0 a fine stone bridge,
500 feet long, and entered on an extensive
plain. The clouds had for some time borne a
threatening aspect, and the rain now began to
descend in torrents. We were compelled, of
course, to have the carriage closed, and thus
lost, entirely, the view of the scenery, as far as
St. Martin. We reached this little village about
4 P. M. ; and, as the rain had ceased, we de-
terinined, after a hasty dinner, to proceed di-
rectly to Chamouni.
As travellers are not allowed to proceed be-
yond St. Martin in their own carriages, the Ho-
iel de Mont Blanc is a grand rendezvous. We
found several parties there on our arrival, and
others were continually coming in while we
staid; all bound, like ourselves, to Chamouni.
The first question usually proposed, as one af-
ter another c:ame in, was I Parlez vous Anglais?"
No wonder dtat John Bull has acquired the re-
putation of being more fond of sight-seeing
thaa any body else. I believe that in all the
travellers' books which my curiosity has prompt-
ed me to examine, full two-thirds of the names
have been those of E'tglishmein.
About 5 o'clock P. M. we set forth, having
exchanged our barouche for one of the queer
little char-a-bancs. This is a small vehicle, in
which three persons of moderate dimensions
and accommodating dispositions may contrive to
stow themselves away. It is low, strong-built, and
calculated expressly for the rough mountainous
roads, where other carriages cannot safely ven-
ture. The road from St. Martin to Charnouni,
which is always rough, was now much worse
than usual, in consequence of the heavy show-
ers which had fallen for several days in succes-
sion. The mountain torrents were swollen to
an unusual degree: some of them appeared ra-
ther formidable to our inexperienced eyes.
However, we s'oon found that, with a careful
. voy driver, two stro.:-, horses, and the stout
little char-i--ba'nc, we had nc-thiin to fear; so
onward we dashed, through thilck and tlhin.
The road was continually ascending, while the
Alps increased in magiiturde, and the glens be-
came narrower, In one place, a beautiful little
cascade came tumbling down an almost perp,,-
dicular rock of 800 or 1003 feet in height. The
small but picturesque lake of Chede lies near the
road: its transparent waters reflect beautif;l!y
the lofty mountains among which it is embio-
somed. A great part of our evening's ride w;Is
performed after sunset, and we found the air as
cold as we have it at home in October. It is
said there is a good view of Mont Blanc nearly
the whole way from St. Martin to Charnouni;
but the darkness prevented our enjoying it. At
nine o'clock we arrived, weary and way-worn,
at the excellent inn "La Couronne," in the
village of Chamouni. Tliis little town is situ-
ated in the beautiful valley of Chamouni, at an
altitude of between three and four thousand feet

above the level of the sea. It is supposed to
have been founded by a convent o- Benedictine
nionks ; and, strange as it may seer, that it was
afterwards forgotten and lost to thi. world for
more than six hundred years! Messrs. Pococke
and Windham, two English travellers, dscover-
ed it in 1741, and published details respecting
it, which have given it great celebrity.
16th.-The prospect upon which I openedrny
eyes this morning 'was as captivating as it was nI,
vel. 1 stood in the centre of what seemed to mt
literally the happy valley." On either side rose
gigantic Alps, some thousands of feet in height:
many of their tops were covered with perpetual
snow, while high above all the rest, in awful and
solitary grandeur, towered Mont Blanc. A lit-
tle church stood near our hotel and as the bell
rung out her silvery tones, they echoed sweetly
from mountain to mountain.
We took an early breakfast, and prepared to
ascend the Montanvert. We had determined
to walk instead of going on mules, as is often
practised. Accordingly, soon after 7 we set
forth, accompanied by two English gentlemen
and a guide. For a short distance from the ho-
tel the path is level, but it soon begins to ascend,
and a great part of the way it is excessively
steep and toilsome. Persons who walk are sup-
plied by the guides with batons-long walking-
sticks, with an iron spike at the end. These
we found of great use to us in ascending the
We paused frequently in our upward journey,
for the double purpose of rest and to survey the
wonderful scene that was displayed before us.
The picturesque valley, with its neat little vil-
lage, its cottages.and hamlets; its fields tinged
with various shades of green and yellow, looking
like the beds of a flower garden: the Arve and
A ...r.. l-,;,' h ni r v th ir ,onnreoe in a n iarhbrnr.

ers grew along our path, and I gathered a few
straawLerries, which, though small, were of a de-
licious flavor. Two or three di{'i-rent species of
pine emtbeilished the sides of the Montanvert.
We reached the sutimmit about IS, aud stood
5704 feet above the level of the sea. Here there
is a house where refreshments m;re kept, called
L'IHopital de Blair, and from which there is a
superb view of thie irer de. Glace. After resting
a short time, and taking some refreshments, tlhe
two English &, etletnen, brother and inmyself acr-
compatied by ithe gui lde, des enlied to tlhe M er
de Glace. 'This irnmense iAkcier, the most :mag-
nifc-ient, hy fanr, of a!l the glaci,:ers of the Alps, is
conm .puted to lbe eighteCnn leagrs i tt letgth, aud
oiie leat.m in ibreaIdth. (Ili. uns. di: ,IS:M sss(ire esti-
mated ,ho d !epthi of thlie ice at. about :3f0 feet.
One wih,) has never seen this singular phenomuOne-
non may get a tolerable idea of its appearance
by imagining tile ocean suddenly checked in its
wildest agitation, and concealed into solid ice. It
does not present a smooth and even surface, but
looks precisely like the sea frozen while her waves
were yet tossing aind rolling on, one after ano-
;her. After walking a short distance uplon it,
some of tile party returned to the house. An
English gentleman, the guide and myself, pro-
ceeded considerably more than half way across
the's wavy vet moveless sea. In innumerable
places, the tiaveller may look down through ere-
vices in the ice to the depth of' 150 or 2f00 feet;
the color of tlme ice, as seen through tlise open-
iltgs, is a heavenly blue, and its appearance is
beautiful beyond description. In other places
little rivulets are flowing" over the ice, and leap-
ing over the top of its hillocks, in the pretti,-4-
canscades i :agi unable. Vast quantities of stones
which have rolled down from tile neighlborir)g
mountains are scattered over the surface of this
glacier; some of them are immense blocks of
granite, weigllhing several tons.
I believe it is usually represented as a ditiicult
thing to walk on the Mer d(e Glace; but I did
not find it so. All that is necessary is a suffi-
cient degree of agility, a good spiked walking-
stick, andi the arm of a careful and experienced
guide. To ) be sure, it would not be so agreeable
to make a misstep, and descend into one of the
crevices I have mentioned; but a little care will
enablee one to guard against such accidents.
Tihe Englishman who was with us had been
here eleven years before, and spent at that time
twelve hours on the Mer de Glace. The whole
scene was so new and exciting, that I was
almost insensible to fatigue, and would glad-
ly have remained inuch longer, but for the fear
that the rest of our party would be impatient.
Reluctantly, therefore, I quitted this singular
spot, and directed my steps to the top of the
Montanvert. Before leaving the side of the
Mer de Glace, however, I gathered some of the
mountain Rhododendron, or Rose of the Alps,
to keep as a sou venir of this interesting excursion.
We saw the rock under which Messrs. Pococke
and Windham are said to have slept at the time
they penetrated to this then unknown region.
Their names and the date of their visit (17.41)
are carved upon it.
Although the glacier I have described is itself
so very elevated, there are rocks on its margin
rising thousands of feet above it. These rocks
are called "' needles," and the highest one among
them is of a particularly elegant form, resembling
exactly the spire of a Gothic Cathedral. As we
descended the Montanvert, we rne.t several par-
ties going up. There could not have been less
than from tl-.1 t to forty persons there to-day.?
IVe roea,bej c.;- holtl befo;-o tricc, o')lo, I -
tigidcd, it i2ti:c, but highly gratified by our ex-

The Nat'hitoches IIerald infrmns thatt a set of :nen
calling tie:nsrlvehv iRegula/ors., have set at deidn (o I he
laws, and cotn:nited a muniirdr on am iiofnsive man na-
mred M TTIETW PliiMI. One of these. Regulators i a aJus-
ticer oftheR Peace.
IY'I.u: "; i'. ',. AfrL'a.-M. Direau de Camalle, the sur-
geaon-in chief of the FIrncehr army at Algiers, has conmu-
nicated to the Institmte a statement that lie hIs seen a beau-
tiful hbloide woman, witli blue (yes and niauburn hair, and
the fairest skin, (wife of Sidi Hamet,) and that she belongs
to a race of the kind in the interior of Africa. Surely, the
surgeon hIas not been deceived by an Albino ? There are
instances of these white negroes frequently seen in the
West Iudies.-N. Y. Star.

ANECDOTE OP N.APOLEON.-In tie Table T'all; of Cain-
baccres, an interesting work just published at Paris, is the
subjoined anecdote of' NAPOLEON. It is related by Count
de Vti'AE, and describes his first interview with General

i" A man, designated under the name of P-- and described
by the count as a consummate scoundrel, one morning sought re-
f,.gc in the count's apartment. At that moment, (says the
count,) there was so violent a ringing at my door bell, that I was
startled. P-- uttered a cry, -which fortunately was smother-
ed by his terror; he then cast a xwild look around hiim, leaped
over my bed, and sqtatted down behind it. Tihe door having
been opened, a man was ushered in. Shall I describe him 1 It
is nor. possible. It was General Bonaparte. Anger flashed
from his blue eyes, which had become dark with passion. In-
n,ocent as I was, I experienced tile alarmt of a guilty man. 'I
am, I presume, at the residence of citizen Fabre de l'Aude!'
Yon are, citizen; and I have the honor, I believe, of address-
ing General Bonaparte.' You are right, and he comes peace-
ably (peaceably, indeed!) for information concerning a scoun-
drel, a borger, and a calumnniator. I will kill him, citizen of the
Five Hundred, if I can find Ihim ; I will put him to death with
imy own handss' 'May I ask the nature of his offence, Gene-
Ll '1' 'On the one hand he corresponds with tile English Cabi-
nt in my name ; and on the other, denounces men to ihe Direc-
toy,,ts traitor to may country. N'What think you of this, citizen
[a"rI ? '. That, with the sole exception of General Bonaparte,
every ,1e has a right to hang him. But you are a hero.' 'I
am a in;,a of loutor, citizen, and am bound to punish the mon-
ster. I t-pe-,t his address from you.' And from you,' I i'epli-
ed, I ext.'rt hiis pardoam.' I then pointed out to the General
how he wotlI debase himself by shedding the blood of so con-
temiptible a %%etch. After reflection for a few moment%, he re-
plier, I Yo': al .-,t I "will spiart isi life. Undertake, how-
ever, to mako hh, ,oitess baseness, clearly, concisely, anld
without subterfug. Let hiw appear, fi'om his own confession,
as black as ink, i myself as white as snow. At this price
he is safeo, otherwise,>t.' This ultimatum, uttered in a voice
of thunder, was not to,e, resisted. I promised all in the name
of P- ; thle Genera then said, Citizen of tihe Five Iuin-
dred, I am tldlihrled h..i'u l foime I your acquaintance. Pray
come and see ime. I havu ut little time I car call my own. I
am to lie married lo-nior"roAnd must soon leave Paris.''

Extraordinary Suclde.-re ofa in s lately
found on the hanks of the See at Rouen, in France; in
one of the pockets was found a per on which the follow-
ing lines were written in a tremani. hand:
"Shet is sixteen. I am almost thric her a. Itis long
I saw her for the first time; she thenoni iththe
innocence of childhood, and her sweet hle ads played ith
mty hair.
"She is sixteen this day-and I am nre than forty-her
hands are more timid, and her angel eyes a, abashed whei I
look upon other. Why'?
I would almost wager this child of sixteen Ies mne: for I
have seen her weep, have seen the tears in her e_> when any
danger has threatened ime.
"And I! But I ant more than forty, and she i sC.cey si: -
teen-yesterday she was not so.


1ROM T"I!E MlNM'iIS' J,,1>;*R NA1,i'--FXTRA.
PoTrrosvIi.i:, (PE.mN.) Aiito j2m), ;19 7.
A numerous and respectable meeting of coal
operators was hled this (lilay at the Pc1ennsvlvaniia
Hall, the proceedings of' which will be found be-
lo w. The meeting was called for tlie purpose
of taking into consideration the state of the coal
trade. The embarrassment tts of tlie coitmcicia I
co:ninunity abroad have reached our region, and
prolutced their n:,tural consequences. A general cuIrtAil-
eient of coal operations has ake', ) pLace ; maniy aof tie
lar-," r m'iiing etlablishmc ei n: have dise~argol ail their men
ecxc)t a iitciclm nUitiher to kieep their mines in order.
O()hers have greatly reoin'.'d cte urt-;ulcr in their emtmphioy.
It is supposed that ltie inumiiber (of ml;mi's anI; lalbuorers
thrown out oif e iiii(tim,)pmi.'!i this. dh,'": i dcepentlemt of those
emmpkioyud in hiuhnimg coal, will not fill ishi.'t ofi'500 imeni.
The inminedimte cause of this suspensiuon of operations is to
be obund in the fact that c,.'tr:;ctors for coal in the Atlatn-
tic cities have direeted shipments to cease, inasmuch as
they are unable to effect sales, andl, concquently, unillable
to meet tlie drafts drawn o;i them by col shippers, except
at long dates; and our banks refuse to discount suchii paper.
WVe h:izard nothing in predicting that uniiess 'mneusit;es are
taken abroad to r, ceive the coal alrca'dy mined, a totaN l a',s-
penson of a!ll coal operations must ta':e tSpice in this region.
At a nieeting of the coal operators, convened pursuant
to public notice, at the Pe'nnsylvaniia Hia!l, on Satulrdary,
the 29th April inst., W,VInLAM H. MIANN, Esq. was called
to tile Chair, and BmKNJ. BANNAN appointed Secretary.
The object of the meeting having been stated by theli
Chair, and an interchange of sentiment ha:viing taken place
among the colliers present, it was, on maot.-n of T. C.
WVilliamrs, Esq.
Rlesolred, That a committee of eleven be apIpoinlted to
prepare such proceedings as may hAe dl(emc dadvisable, in
the present depressed slate of mining operations, for tlie
adojition of the nmii ln,g.
T'l'h C hair appointed a comlUitted accordingly, wo. after
r,. .r ;:;:g for a short time, reported the i:h.lno. i;, Which were
adopted unanimously :
Whereas, thie evils occasioned by the derangement in
the finances of the currency admontish us of thie necessity
of great prudence andl circumspection in the management
of our operations in tlie great staple of our region; and
whereas, there is at present a large aimont of coal ready
for transportation, and abumlart ability exists to supply all
demands that may he made lor tlie articleon l such terms
and conditions as prudence renders imlperitive : therefore,
RLesolrer!, That it is expedlient materially to curtail oiur
mining arnd shipping operations lfor the present.
The colliers of Schuylkill county deem it important at
this awful crisis to communicate to their customers in the
Atlantic cities, anJ to the community at large, the responsi-
ble ami alatr-hmi'g situation in which 'lhey are now placed
by the terrible shock given to the currency of the country.
Their situation is one of no ordinary character ; they are
the producers of' one of tihe mst indispensable artichs of
domestic economy, one equally i-;p hrtant to the rich and
the poor, and an article which, being a bulky one, will not
admit of transportation on common roads. Tae canal is
the only means of its transportation ; Whieu the canal is ice-
bound, a stop is at once put to its arrival in the market.
The great exertions made during the late session of
Congress, by a certain section of the country, to lestroy the
tariff on coal, and thereby crush the enterprise cf individ u-
als who have investetu their all in this branch of industry,
have caused them to strain every nerve to meet an increased
demand for coal the approaching season. N'eithcr frost nor
snow has for one moment caused a check to their iildus-
try and enterprise; whlcn the thermometer has ranged be-
low zero, night and day have their mines progressed, and
their labors continued to stock their banks with large quan-
tities of coal to meet the anticipated demand ofthe Public,
and to show that a supply of.coal could be obtained without
depending on foreign industry. This large supply of coal
has been mined during the winter at greater expense than
any preceding-season. Their miners and laborers have
lived upon flour at $12 per barrel, and pork at 1I cents per
pound; their horses upon ot, at 65 cents per bushel.
Wages have been paid every two wceks, and consequently
all thle coal now stacked at the mines has been paid for in
advance, anld thus has locked up a large capital. The back-
wardness of the season, and the requisite repairs to canals
and railroads, have caused i loss of at least two weeks in
the shipment of coal ; and scarcely has the rattling of rail-
road cars commenced, and the general bustle and human of
business chased away the wintlmy gloom, than there come
reiterated instructions from purchasers of coal not to; ship
under any pretence whatsoever, thus virtually annulling
/ such contracts as have already been iintde. 'T, has tc-
tu. ly n r utedR Ot -( a perIt-ct p;nic;: rm inerI s are 1i.;. ,J
all directions, and not one-lialtthe cxetrtironare ,Itk!Ml|,' to
mine and slhip cool that ought to he used to givc a umpply
(qutl to that of tihe last season. Bo:its caimiot obtain
feightt even at as low prices as it is pssi-le for tin biiat-
meni to live 1my, anm.l tnre now vleaint li lirie
of thei canal.
T''his statement is inot for the purpose" of persuadingai the
community to relieve us of our coal. WVe know that there
is a pressure, amid a dreadful one, and we are willing to
bear ur portion of it. It mm;y be remlremmlered that wlien

tlihe relduetion oftlIe duty on coal hias been agitated, we
have pledged ourselves to meet the demand ; we now stand
Iprepared to redeem that pledge. provided d we are paid ibr
our" labor either in cash or such paper as we can n'.ake use
of; lbut to dispose of our coal upon long credits, when con-
fidence is lost in every branch of business, would be the
height of madness. What, then, we ask, are we to do ?
Must we not stop our operations thle same as other branch-
es of industry '.
Those, therefore, (if any there Imre,) who are holding
hack for a diminution in prices, are momre than likely to be
disappointed. The profits on mining are now, and always
have been, but moderate. Freight is at this miroment as
low as it can be. The toll on the canal is fixed. Tihe

price at which coal is offered in the cities is about as low as
will afford a fair profit to those co.ucerned ; arni we cannot
see any advantage that can arise from delay in Ofh- pur-
chase of it. WVe have but, a few remarks to make : they
are plain, antd can be understood by every member of the
community who is a consumer.
There is but a limited period in which coa-t can be got
to market. One-eighth of that period for the season has
already elapsed, and but little has been done. Every day
is; important to furnish an adequate supply. Ifa portion of
this time is allowed to pass without action, will not the
supply be short? Will it not get into the hands of specu-
lators.? Andi will not the price be enhanced when tihe
period arrives for its consumption ? V'We think these
questions will answer themselves. What, then, is the re-
m'dy ?
We would point out one which we think would ia some
measure remedy the evil, and, we think, cannot pcess very
hard upon individuals. Let persons at once order and pay
for at least a portion of their coal ; this will give cirHfiWence
to the coal merchant, and enable hiim to renew his contracts
here; we shall be enabled to continue our operations, and
an ample supply of coal will be furnished for the approach-
ing season.
Never was there a time, perhaps, that the aid of the be-
nevolent was more loudly called for than the present for
f-,iiini!' Fuel Savinrg Societies for thie benefit of the poor;
i,- -e \v.', u;,i liave a tendency to put tie coal merctt'inmirn'
funds, and we think the period at least as propitious as some
months hence.
Should the community neglect or decline following these
suggestions, we beg that they will do us the justice to ad-
nmit that we warned them of the true state of the case, and
to entreat that, should the supply fall-short the approach-
ing season, and the question of the tariff be again agitate(
by a certain interested section of the country, they will
not join in a crusade against a set of individuals who ar(-
engaged in as laborious and uncertain a branch ofbusineesz
as any in the universe ; an enterprise in xwvhiceh human fore--
sight can avail nothing; one in which thousands of dollars
are being buried every day in fruitless researches into the-
bowels of the earth.
Resolved, That the foregoing statement be published int
the Miners' Journal, and an extra number of copies be
printed and forwarded to the principal papers in thie differ-
ent cities, with a request to republish the same.
o'IOT'ICE.-In pursuance of an order, I hereby give no-
icre that I have obtained from lthe Orphans' Court of Plrince
George's county, Maryland, letters of administration on tim
personal estate of John (Cadle, de'eansel. All persons livi:,;i

01',1 TliE l()MAN (.''ATIfOLIC CiHUiRCH.
')ilOM 'iUlE: I 'l. T'i l:,i.); E GAZET'.TI'E M AY 3.
We have abstained from noticing tlie session
of this Assembly until we should be enabled to
lay before our readers such an account as we
could rely upon as fully correct. That which we
give is, in some measure, extracted from the Ca-
tholic Herald of Philadelphia, to which additional infiomna-
tion, derived from a member of the council itself, is attached.
Thie Bishlc'pS of the Catholic, church form its legislative
as:semibly and its court of judicature ; but their acts of le-
gisiation, and, in many instances, especially of weightier
cause:,, their jlln jnlents must be examined by the Pope,
their presiding bishop, whose spiritual jurisdiction extends
over every portion of the world. The object ot this exam-
inati,,n is to ascertain their conforinity to the doctrine and
thlie discipline of thile whole body over which lie is placed,
amt, in many instances, his sanction is necessary to their
va!iditv. 'I'The Churchr is divided into districts, which are
c'aliled Provinces ; and each province into Diocesses. Each
Diocess is goverlied by a Bishop, arid one of those in each
lirovinCee is called the Arehdiocess, or Metropolitan dioccss.
'lhe Bishop of thiis see is called tlie Archl.i- ,h. l; he can
coivuoke the assembly, and preside in its session ; the other
Bishops are called Suffrag;,nst, because their suffiages,
united with ,his, create the acts of the council.
Several pric ts are usually invited as Thcolorians, or
Caniioiists. to examine the questions to be discussed ; in-
deed, tlIe Bishops may invite for the pur);ose any persons
from whose experience or information they expect to de-
rive aid, even though they be not priests, nor in any orders.
The Bishops and Theologians assemble in congregation
to reoc-ive the reports of the several committees to which
the dile'rent questions have been referred for a first exam-
ination ; the matter of these reports is open to free discus-
sion ; t'ie Bishops subsequently assemble in council, and
aet upon the business thus discussed ; their acts are then
forwarded to Rome for approbation, and, whcn returned
approved, are published and executed.
In most of the countries of Europe. tlI'. tyranny exer-
wrised over the Church, under thle p-,rctC; fits protection,
has extended so fltr as to prevent such assemblies; and,
therefore, during centuries, comparatively few provincial
councils have been held in Spain, Portugal, France, or
Germany. Two had previously been held in this city, one
in October, 1829!), and one in October, 1833. The council
of the present year was opened on Sunday, the 1IGth of
April, the previous assembly having in their diocess fixed
upon that day ifor its commencement. The Catholic Her-
aid of the 21)ith of April says:
'" BAITiMi E COt.NCl,.--On Sunday last, agreeably to
the notice already given, the third Provincial Council of
Baltimore was soletmnly opened. Tlle procession to the
church had a very imposing effect. The thurifer, bearing
tire mystic incense, and accompanied by the assistant mas-
ter ofcerenmonies, preceded the cross-bearer and acolytes.
The clergy then followed, two by two; those who .were in
,sacred orders within the vestments of their order, and the
priests in chasubles. The bishops-succeeded in the same
-order in cop and mitre. Then the archbishop preceded,
and attended by his customary ministers.
The chanters of the council (Rev. Messrs. Nandane
and Fredet) intoned the Miscrere,'as the procession issu-
ed from the archbishop's house, and the whole psalm was
sung by the clergy in tile solemn tones of the Gregorian
-chant, while the procession was passing round'to the front
*door of the cathedral, and advancing up the aisle. On 6n-
tering the church, thile organ accompanied the chant of the
clergy with its rich and solemn tones; and when the pre-
lates and clergy had arrived at the seats prepared for them,
the sanctuary presented a spectacle which must have fixed
the attention of every beholder, but which, to the eye of
faith,'must have been inconceivably sublime and deeply af-
fecting. There, clothed in the rich and sacred robes em-
blemiatic of the offices they held, were ranged round the
splendid marble altar, brilliantly lit up, men of many differ-
ent nations, whom a common faith united in the strictest
bonds of religious communion, and whomn zeal in a coim-
nion cause had drawn together to diffuse the knowledge of
Jesus Christ, and to lay, broad and deep, tihe foundations
of the American Church. When we viewed this splendid
assemblage of the ministers of religion encircling its altar,
we could not but feel deeply convinced that the Saviour's
promise to be with his church was not given in vain, for
we saw among the assembled prelates and clergy many
who were alike distinguished for their varied learning andI
saintly piety. After the Mass De Spiritu Sancto had been
solemnly sung by the archbishop, the Right Rev. Dr. Ken-
rick preached on the 16th, 7lth, 18th, and 19th verses of
the 9th chapter of the Book of W'isdom, and showed how
the argument and language of Solomon, in his prayer for
heavenly wisdom, were applicable on the occasion, when
*the bisrhopl of the church xvrre assemnblh.x to deliberate on
its most imipornant interests. The prelat's aid clergy then
sang the 68th Psalm, and the council was solemnly opened
in the usual form. The second solemn session is fixed for
Thursday next, and the third and last public session will
take place on Sundlay next, at 10 o'clock. W-e augur
n|':'h good to religion from the present council, in which
a spirit of harmony appears to prevail that cannot but pro-
duce beneficial results."
To which thie same paper of thle 27th adds : *
B BAmTIMI'E CeOUNCIL.-T he second solemn session of
this assembly was held on Thursday, thle 20th instant.
Previous to tile session, a solemn Mass of requiem was
sung by thae Right Rev. Dr. Fenwick, Bishop of Boston,
for the souls of the deceased prelates and clergy of this pro-
vinice. At the termination of Mass, the Right Rev. Dr.
England, Bishop of Charleston, delivered an eloquent and
very argumenntative discourse on the doctrine of Purgato-
rv, which he proved to have been always a doctrine of the
Christian Church, by adducing, at considerablelength, the
testimonies of the most distinguished doctors of the church,
from the twelfth back to the second century of the Chris-
taian era. Besides this argument, which the learned prelate
developed witli considerable eff'eet, he also referred to some
,f the many councils, which, during thie same interval of
time, hadI directly recognized, or, in their enactments, evi-
dently supposed the doctrine of a middle state. The litur-

gies of the ancient church, in all of which are found prayers
for the dead ; the agreement on this point, as on others, of
the oriental schismatics with the Latin Church-an agree-
ment which evidently shows that the doctrine was profess-
ed anterior to the date 6ftheir unhappy separation, and the
well-ascertained faith and practices of the ancient and mo-
dern Jews, were more than briefly alluded to, and the im-
portant arguments deduced from these sources very power-
fully and eloquently insisted on. In concluding his dis-
course, he paid a well-merited tribute of respect to the me-
mories of the late Archbishop of Besancon, the Most
Rev. Dr. Dubourg, formerly Bishop of New Orleans ; of
the excellent" Cardinal Cheverus, formerly Bishop of
Boston; and of the late Archbishop of Baltimore, the Most
Rev. Dr. Whitfieldt-all of whom died since the assembling
of the second Provincial Council in October, 1833.
The Council terminated on Sunday last, on which day
was held the third and last solemn session. The Bishop
of Charleston preached again on this oc,'sion, on the 28th
verse of the 20th chapter of the Acts of the Apostles. In
a lucid and forcible manner he explained the constitution
of the Christian Church, and the nature of the mysterious
symbols which Christ had committed to its dispensation.
After the sermon and the usual invocation of thle Holy
Ghost, the prelates successively signed the decrees of the
Council on the altar. Previous to the plirti'm-j salutation,
ilihe Archbishop addressed the prelates 'iey whom lie was
surrounded, in a brief, but very affecting, discourse. The
Bishop of Charleston, on the part of the other Bishops,
made a few remarks on the address of the Archbishop,
which, we believe, might be placed among the happiest ef-
forts of extemporaneous speaking. Thus ended a Council
which, we believe, will have very important and beneficial
consequences connected with the promotion of religion,
and the maintenance of ecclesiastical discipline in the Unit-
ed States.
The prelates present on this occasion were ten in num.
ber, including the Archbishop, the Most Rev. Samuel Ec-
cleston. The Bishops sat according to the order of their
consecration, as follows:
The Right Rev. John England, Bishop ofCharlcston.
The Right Rev. Benedict Fenwick, Bishop of Boston.
The Righit Rev. Joseph Rosati, Bishop of St. Louis.
The Right Rev. Francis Patrick Kcnrick, Bishop of
Arath, and Coadj. of Philadelphia.
The Right Rev. John Baptist Purcell, Bishop of Cin-
The Right Rev. Guy Ignatius Chabrat, Bishop of Bo-
lina, and Coadmj. of Bardstown.
The Right Rev. Sihon Gabriel Brute, Bishop of Vin-
4( T'I P, Af T: .,1,1 >. Wir;ir-. Oknoxr.. T'M n nfC)i rr -: 1-.

The Bishop;, of Boston, and the Very Re\. Luis De-
luul, V. 0G. were Promoters.
"'The 4Rev. Edward D;amphotix was Secretary.
The RIev. Charles White Associt:te Secretary.
The ev. Francis L lIomnue, iMaster of' Cerelmioiles.
The Very RIv. William MleShenry was present as
Provincial of theli Societ of Jesus in Mlarlandl.
The Very Rev, P. Verbxogen as Provincial of the So-
ciety in lMissouri.
t'The Rev. John Hickey, Superior of the Sisters of
"' The Rev. Thomas Mulledy, S. J., Presideiit of the
College at G'eorgictuow1.
he Rev. John J. Chance, President of St. Mary's
College. -
The Rev. Thomas Butler, Presidemt ofthe College of
St. Mar'y's near Eminiettsburg.
hlie Coisuulting Theologrians were-
The Very Rev. Lewis Debarth.
The Very Rev. Peter Richard Kenrick.
The Very Rev. John Hughes.
The Rev. Peter S. Schreiber.
The H-lev. Stephen Theodore Badin.
The Rev. Regis Loisdl.
The K1ev. Ignatius A. Reynolds.
The Rev. Augustin Verot."
'We have leen requested to add to the above description
the following remark :
"It is perfectly true that the Very IRev. Felix areaa appcar-
ed as Procurator for New York ; but it would be well to add
what is equally true, th.it the Very Rev. gcrntleima n I was not pcr-
mitted to be present at the action of the prelates, nor to sign the
acis themselves; and it is the more necessary to place this (;n
record, lest the ambiguity of the expression, appeared as Pro-
curator, right lead to a misconception \Nhichi the respectable
editor of the Hci ald certainly did not intend to liroduce; and as
precedent is of great r.&e on such occasions, tbhic- misconception
night lead ito consequences which he did not contemnplate. Tlie
Very Rev. F. 'Varcix \xyatidu-.itted to occupy exactly the same
place wi'ch had Iren !-'wvcll filled on the occa: ioa of the two
former councils by thle talented Senior V. General of New York,
the Very Rev. I)Dctor.Powjr, who attended at the first Council
opon the invitation of the Prelates, his Biishop bing absent in
J'iutrope, aud at the secro:,i<,in-acoinpani;ed his Bishop as hIris
theologian. The statement in the herald, however, is.literally
true, for the Very IRev. F. Varela preseuled hrs'lfto the Coiin
cil with a letter front the Bishop of New York, stating his rea-
sons fir his absenice, and naming Mr. V. his Priocurator with
such powceri and rank as the Council would think proper to al-
low. It is tlhen quite correct. to say that he appeared as the
Procurator, but, was not adatitlcd to the action of the Prelates,
nor to sign the act.."
Most of the Prelates left this city on the day after the
terminattion of the councils. The results will not, of course,
be published uritil they shall have rccei-hcd. their final
sanction.- Gazette.

" INI)IANA.-The subscribers will offlr for sale, on
Saturday, the 3d of June, 1837, from THREI$ TO FIVE
IHUNI)RED LOTS-in the lower addition to the tovn of Evans-
vi le. Evansville is- that point'on the Ohib river which is tile
termination of the Wabash and Erie and Central canals. Its
presentand future advantages as a large.comniercal place are
too well known to require comment. It is the key on the Ohio
for the greater plirt of Eastern Illinois and Westirn Indiana,
including the whole of the fertile region bordering on the Wa-
bash and White rivers; a single glance at, tile map will show
its advantageous position on the Ohio, as the outlet fir the whole
trade of the lower country, proceeding from the country tribu-
tary to the Wabash and White rivers, a country unsurpassed in
fertility of, soil to any in the West.
The lots laid out and to be offered for sale lay ii the lower
enlargenient, fronting on the-Ohio, and in the imiundiate vicin-
ity of the contemplated basin of the canal. Tile lots are all.
above the highest rise df the river,ever knownni aid the largest
class of steamboats can touchl the shore in front of the lots at
any stage of water, presenting by this means superior advan-
tages in a commercial point of view. In tlie iminecdiate vicirr-
ity of the lots is a mineral spring, said by travelhlrs and others
to be similar in its qualities to the celebrated springs at Balls-
town and Saratoga, and will it a few years lie a place of great
resort for invalids from the South, as steamboat navigation can
le made the whole year to this point. Should the canal be
locked into the river, there will be an immense cater power at
this point for driving any kind of machinery. TI.ere is an im-
mense qlanitity of the finest white oak timber in lie immediate
vicinity, which will be wanted for boat-building. The improve-
inmets which are going on in Kentucky and Tennessee will
connect by means of railroads at this place, opening in addition
to the canal a new outlet to the lake from the Ohii, and connect-
ed with the Nashville, New Orleans, and Charleston railroads.
The Central and Wabash and Erie canals, terminating at Evans-
ville, run through a country for two hundred m;les, abounding
in coal and the finest timber land in the West. From its geo-
graphical position, connected as it is with the great improve-
minents going on in Indiana and Illinois, and, indeed, in the whole
West, Evansviile presents attractions for cal;italists beyond any
other point on the Ohio river, and the lots offered for sale, for
eligibility and future irnprovemirift, will compare with any in
that place. The proprietors wiil i.ffoird every facility to pur-
cha.ers intending to in'pr.vtc,"aml *would ;rnvitc the attention of
all who wish to make an investment in property which will in-
crease in value every successive year. All they ask is an ex-
amination. Terms: one-fouirth cash, the Ia!ance in one, two,
and three years. Tlie sale will be continued on the 5lh and 6th
of June, if necessary. Maps of the property will be exhibited
previous to thle sale. JOHN LAW,
may 4-cp3Xw Proprietors.
r5,000 DOLLARS.
15 drawn numbers in eacli package.
The most splendid Lottery ever drawn in the United States.
To be drawn at Alexandria, D. C. on Saturday, May 27, 1837.
75 Number Lottery, 15 drawn Ballots.
1 IGrand capital of 8$7 5,000
1 Splendid prize of 25,0O00
1 ditto 20,000
i ditto 10,000
1 ditto 9,000
1 ditto 8,000
1 ditto 7,500
1 ditto 7,000
1 ditto 6,000
$5,000--$4,000- $3,000,

$2,732-' 2,500-$2,000, 5 of $1,750, 5 of $1,500
50 prizes of $1,000
50 do 750
50 do 600
50 do 500
50 do 400
60 of '300, 60 of $-250, 60 of $200, 60 of $150 &c.
Tickets $20, Halves $10, Quarters $5, Eighths $2 50
Certificates of packages of 25 whale tickets $270
Do do 25 half do 135
I)o do 25 quarter do 67 50
D)o do 25 eighths do 33 75
Orders for tickets and shares or certificates of package
in the above Magnificent Scheme, will receive the most promp
attention, and an official account of the drawing sent immedi-
ately after it is over to all who order from us. Address
D. S. GREGORY & CO. Managers,
ap 8-2awG-wd&cpif Washington (City.
LEASE.-At the request of Dr. Ashton Alexander, of
Baltimore, 1 will sell, rent, or lease, to a good tenant; on accom-
modating terms, that very desirable property in the vicinity of
Washington known as Jackson Hill," which has been for sev-
eral years past the residence'ofMrs. Alexander.
Jackson Hill is distant from the President's House about one
and a half mile, and is in full view of P"cr-w-'s G' rJns ; its si-
tuation is elevated and salubrious, and it is abundantly supplied
with pure and excellent water.
The mansion-house is spacious, one hundred and twenty-six
feet long, and has rooms of ample size and judicious arrange-
ment, and is well calculated to accommodate with great comfort
and convenience a large family.
For any special information in regard to this property, refer-
ence may be iad to Mr. John Gadsby, of Washington, or Mr.
L B13. Hardin, of the Navy Department, or to the Subscriber in
Alexandria, who are alone authorized to treat on the subject.
This house is very well supplied with excellent furniture of
modern style and superior quality, well meriting the attention
of the person who may purchase, rent, orlease the house, which
I am authorized to dispose of at public or private sale, as trustee.
ap 11-- eotf BERNARD IOOE; Trustee.
NTOT ICE,.-A gentleman residing in the valley of Virgi-
nia, wishes to engage a competent person to take charge
ofa small school, chiefly for the purpose of educating his own
daughters. He would prefer a gentleman and his wife, one or
both of whom would be competent to instruct in the ordinary
branches of education. A knowledge of French and music, in
one of tli parties, would be a great recommendation, bat not an
indispensable requisite. A comfortable house, beautifully situ-
ated, and in a good neighborhood, would be their residence, and
it is expected that they will take a few girls as boarders. The
salary will be liberal, and every thing will be done to render
their situation pleasant. Application (post paid) to be made to


A sold r of Kondratowicz laIely died at Konigsberg,
aged l(:. He had taken part ia all thle seven years' war,
and had served for it'ty-six years in the sc.ince regiment of
A nian named William Martin (lied at Leicester last
week, in about an hour, in consequence of eating at his
tea a quantity of the root of monk's hood, or wolf's bane,
which he mistook for celery.
A FIench theatre has just been opened at Alexandria,
int Egypt, in which the pieces are performed-by amateurs.
T'his will appear a fact of some imnpuortance, v'hen t is con-
sidered that not more than twenty years ago a Frank was
not allowed to ride on horseback in the city ; and now
horse-races have been organized, in which the sons of the
Beys take part with the French merchants, and in which
thile Viceroy hiiseilf takes a lively interest. Twenty years
since, the entrance into the port of Alexandria was forbid-
den to European ships,; but at this moment thirty French
ships are anchored by the side of the grand Pacha's ves-
sels. Twenty years since, a Christian was forbidden to
sing in the streets ; but at present 200 French sailors may
be seen every Sunday in Alexandria, walking arm-in-arm,
and singing the well-known chorus, La France ne peri-
Tra pa)s."
AWVe regret to learn that some of the largest nianufactur-
ing houses in Glasgow are restricting their works to a great
extent. One of them is said to have discharged a thousand
The first client whom Sir Walter Scott had at the bar
was a veteran poacher and sheep-stealer, whom, by the ex-
ercise of much ingenuity, he contrived to get off'. "You're
a lucky scoundrel," whispered Scott to his client when
the verdict was pronounced. I'm just o',your mind,"
quoth the latter, "' and I'll send you a maukin the morn,
A manufacturer at Portland has lately succeeded in mak-
ing good hats from India rubber. They are very light,
weighing on an average about four ounces, and are so elas-
tic that tecy mnia.bii tdcd like u handkerchief, may be
crushed into any shape, and will immediately return to
their original form, without being injured in the smallest
It appears by a return just laid before Parliament, thnt
the sums now charged upon church-rates amount to G,(;,4,(. .
namely, 76,5191. due to the church-buildiing coi:,i-...
ers, 587,0141. due to individuals, the debts contracte(i ..-
der the authority of Parliament, and 42,863/. due to the
commissioners for the issue of exchequer bills. This three-
quarters of a million is a pretty good evidence, we think,
that a large addition to tile national debt can be made
by the extravagances of peace as well as the extravagances
of war.
A C(hamneleon Ncwspaper.-A new paper, which was
started in Chester the other day, has already wheeled about
two or three times, in a manner almost without a parallel
in the annals of the press. It has been Radical, Whig,
Neutral, and Tory, all within the space of four months,
having now only attained the sixteenth week of its age, and
what it may be next nobody knows. Under these circum-
stances, the editor has acted wisely, as well as magnani-
mously, in laying down for his guidance the following rule,
which he announces in his last publication : We must
observe, in conclusion, that no attack, whether true or false,
from any contemporary journal, shall ever tempt us to reply,
or take the slightest notice of it." This rule will save the
editor a world of trouble, that is, if any contemporary
journal" should think it worth while to notice what pro-
ceeds from so contemptible a source.
Of the marriage of the Duke of Orleans, a letter of the
11th March, from Berlin, given by the Hanover Gazette,
states as follows: The Minister of State, De Kamptz, re-
turned yeste day from his mission to the court of Meck-
lenburgh Schwerin, and no doubt remains as to the in-
tended marriage of the Princess Helena with the Duke of
Orleans. To M. Bresson, the French Ambassador at the
court of Prussia, is to be attributed the merit of forming
this alliance, upon which we can congratulate the Prince,
for the Princess Helena will be equally worthy as her roy-
al mother of being a Queen of a people in the highest de-
gree of civilization. The Princess will probably be ac-
companied to France by her mother by adoption, (who is
by birth Princess of Hesse Homburg, and third wife of the
late Duke,) unless her constantly weak state of health
should oblige her to remain in Germany. The Princess
Helena has frequently, accompanied by her mother by
adoption, visited Weimar, where her deceased mother, who
was the daughter of Charles Augustus, of Saxe, has left
many favorable impressions. She was the intirnat, friclad
of four great German poete--Schiiler, Goethe, Wieland,
and Harder; all of whom, at certain periods, resided at
Weimar," ----
Ext:'aordinary Feat.-A correspondent has furnished
us with an old and curious historical MS. which we copy
verbatim. The conclusion is imperfect: Buried at Dis-
ley, in Cheshire, June 2d, in the year of our Lord 1753,
Mr. Joseph Watson, in the 105th year of his age. He
was born at Moseley Common, in the parish of Leigh, in
the county of Lancashire, and married his wife from Etch-
ells, near Manchester, in the said county. They were an
happy couple seventy-two years. She died in the 94th year
of her age. He was park-keeper to the late Peter Legh,
Esq. of Lime, and his father sixty-four years, and did drive
and show the rein-deer to most of the nobility and gentry
in this part of the kingdom, to a general satisfaction to all
who ever saw them. for he could have driven and com-
mnanded them at his pleasure, as if they had been common
horned cattle. In the reign of Q.ueen Anne, Squire Legh
was at Macclesfield, in Cheshire, in company with a num-
ber of gentlemen, amongst whom was Sir Roger Mason,
who was then one of the members for the said county; they
being merry and free, Squire Legh said his keeper should
d rive twelve brace of stags to the forest of Windsor, a present
to the Queen. So Sir Roger opposed it with a wager of
500 guineas tliat neither his keeper nor any person could
drive twelve brace of red deer from Lime Park to Windsor
Forest on any account. So Squire Legh accepted the wa-

ger from Sir Roger, and immediately sent a messenger to
Lime for his keeper, who directly came to his master, who
told him he must immediately prepare himself to drive twelve
brace of stags to Windsor. Forest, for a wager of 500 gui-
neas. So he gave the Squire, his master, this answer, that
he would, at his command, drive him twelve brace of stags
to Windsor Forest, or to any part of the kingdom, by his
worship's direction, or he could lose his life and fortune.
He undertook, and accomplished this most astonishing per-
formance, which is not to be equalled in the annals oftho
most ancient history."

r-f HEsubscrihertakes this method of informing his friends
AL and the Public generally, that he has leased the tavern
house on the Washington Race Course, and is now there, ready
to serve thle Public with all the varieties of the season. He
flatters himself that his wines and liquors shall be equal to any.
His long experience, with his determination to please, if possi-
ble, he hopes will give him a trial from all. To prevent mis-
takes, which must occur in the great cr,-)wd that will attend the
races, he requests every gentleman, before seating himself at
table, to purchase his ticket at the office in the bar for that pur-
may 3-3t
P OSITIVE SALE.-On Saturday, the 6th May next,
at 12 o'clock, at the house occupied by John Major & Co.
on King street, thle following property, belonging to the late
Mech.lnics' Bank of Alexandria, will positively be sold.
1. A brick House and lot occupied by J. Major & Co, front-
ing on King street 20 feet, by 100Ain depth to a ten foot alley;
subject to a rent charge of $20 per annum.
2. A brick House and Lot on King street occupied by Clhas.
Hawkins, 25 feet on King street, in depth 100 feet to a ten foot
alley, subject to a rent charge of $38 12 per annum.
3. A frame Dwelling on King street, 16 feet front, in fee sim-
ple, rented at $60 per annum to Miss Fouchee.
4. One undivided third part of the three-story Warr1 t'--;
on the corner of King and Diagonal streets, subject to a .,,t
charge of $66 67 Fer annum for the whole.
5. A vacant Lot on Prince and Fayette streets, 25 on Prince
by 100 feet on Fayette street, subject to the right of dower of
Mrs. Rebecca Taylor.
Two lots of land, part of the Sebastian Spring Tract.
6. On the plat containing about 37 acres, on which is the Se-
bastian Spring; through this lot the Alexandria Canal will pass.
7. On same plat about 15 acres binding on the Alexandria
and Washington Turnpike and Columbia Road. On thisland
is a good spring, and clay and sand in abundance for erecting
an extensive brick yard. Bricks can be shipped from the
Washington bridge, the distance not more remote than brick
yards in this city.
83:700, 5 per cent. Washington Corporation stock.
$1,908 60, 6 per cent. Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Com-
pany stock.
Terms : one-half in cash, one-half by a note wilh an endorser,
nt (*,f>. ,,,n rth, vl th intn,.r o R. i TAY' ,01VT


so FoRTH.-Every body, the Millionaires excepted, and they
are always frugal and economical, for that is the way they
win their millions, must begin to accommodate himself or
herself to the new times. Simplicity is now and henceforth
to be the order of the day. The men must not visit the
tailors often. The wonien must keep away from the mil-
liners. The bottle of wine must not go so freely upon the
table. Family dinners must be given instead of parade-
dinners. The old times must come back, when a friend
could pop in and see a friend without pomp and display-
with a place for hiin at table, if he is there at the eating
hour-with a wife glad to welcome, and not reddening her
cheeks it she has on a calico frock-no silver forks-no
rich china dining service-no servants in livery-no bon-
bons, grapes, whip sillabubs, and so on.
Our beloved country has been running stark mad for
the eight or ten years past. Our pretty ladies have been
floated over sea in those floating palaces of ours to while
away a winter in a Parisian soiree-to be made happy by
the quadrille or mazourka of some Baden Baden in sum-
mer-to be captivated by the delicious softness of Tuscan
melody, or dazzled by Roman pomp, and enervated by
Neapolitan efleiinacy-and when they come home to this
matter-of-fact land of ours, they come bewitched with
visions of European glory, and bewitching all of us,
for who in his heart, man foremost and first of all, can
withstand the temptation of asking eyes, or the mellifluous
eloquence of rosy lips?
They ask, and they win; and Eyes have won cities
which a Napoleon stormed in vain ; and empires have thus
fallen where the battle axe and the pike have for naught
shed oceans of blood. A hard-hearted husband is he whose
soul is not touched by what the eyes of his wife demand,
and a monster he must he if he can withstand the asking
lips. Women thus win only by asking. They ask for
palaces, and they have thin, conjured np Aladdin-lamp
fashion, not by the magic of old, however, but by the magic
of credit and bank paper. They ask for cottages, and they
come, and country seats, and estates, and gorgeous furni-
ture, upholstery, and trappings, and jewelry come with
them. The milliner transfers them from sweet country
girls, as they were-the Venuses de Medicis of the Amer-
ican forest-the Dianas of the woods-into Egyptian cary-
atides, supporting columns of head dresses, or Egyptian
mummies stocked and bandaged, as when they came out
of the inmost recesses of the Pyramids. The lusty waist
of that beau ideal of Grecian beauty that captivates the
world on its pedestal in that jewel of a room in Florence,
the good, firm, generous foot, the compact, strong, and
hearty body, that looks as it had been fed on Yankee In-
dian pudding, and could run six miles an hour without
being out of breath, would horrify a belle now-a-days!
The fact is, our sweet country women, the prettiest on
earth, in spite of fashion-and dolls though they love to be
instead of WOMEN-have got some wrong ideas in their
heads; unless we who are beginning to be bachelors can
get them out, the beginning is the begun, and bachelors,
alas, we shall be, floating houseless, homeless, heartless,
and hapless, down the sad tide of time; for who, now-a-days,
dare marry, unless he has a Tattersall's, a millinery, a fur-
niture warehouse, an upholstery shop, a jewelry manufac-
tory, one railroad at least, two towns in lithograph, and
two banks in Wall street. Think of a poor horrified hus-
band, who has been sleeping to the age of twenty-five in a
boarding-house in Broadway, in a room just big enough to
make a respectable sized man a coffin, dining in a cellar in
Wall or Water street at two and six pence per day, met by
his beloved Angelina three weeks after marriage, with her
arms thrown around his neck, and her head on his shoul-
der, with a my dear," or dearest," (dearest is a word that
always finishes a poor man quite up,) did you see Mrs.
Bobadil Bellino's beautiful French handkerchief last night?
Oh, how charming it was; and can't you now, dearest, just
give me the money to buy one such ?" But, my dear, it
cost 500 francs in Paris !" I know it; but then you
know, if one goes into company, one must appear as others
do." Think now of the attitude, and then of the request;
and who would not buy for the wife he loved, the handker-
chief, cost what it may ?
Here is the error. The wife is in the wrong, when she
says she must appear as others appear. Others appear!
Can old Mrs. Ugly appear like the Maid of the Mist whom
the fog has blanched, and Nature has modelled in the choi-
cest perfection of beauty ? People cannot appear alike;
and it is the pride of a man of genius and of a woman of
genius, while they seem to appear like others, to be as un-
like them as possible. What nonsense, then, is this at-
tempt at appearance ? when, if reputation, fashion, or ad-
miration be what one seeks, all can be won, not by imity -
tion, but by creation. For example: every body decks and
adorns a house with mahogany, but Abbotsford, the home
of Sir Walter Scott, was made beautiful and glorious by
his old oak tables and his old oak chairs.
There is not a palace in that street of palaces in Genoa,
not even the one which robbed Venetian gold to adorn it,
so beautiful as simple Abbotsford, with its oak furniture,
oak panelings, oak every thing. Simplicity and taste have
their triumphs as well as gold and gilding. One of the
most delightful little country seats there is in the lake coun-
try, in England, is that of the traveller Hamilton, who
abused us, none to his credit- a house it is on a solid ledge
of rock, with walks cut out around it, his little garden
patches made of earth brought there, yet there, yet all arranged so
tastefully that, in its simplicity, it is more beautiful than
the frowning palace of the Duke of Gordon. So, in the in-
terior of a house, a wife may honor herself, and make her
home charming by not appearing as others appear. In-
stead of magnificent Ottomans, Persian carpets, vases, and
candelabras, and flashing mirrors, a cabinet of shells may
have a place. A library of well-chosen books is a prettier or-
nament than a Parisian mirror. A painting or two, a piece
of statuary even, if one has the means, shows that there is
a soul in such a house for the fine arts, that needs but dc-
veloping; but what of beauty, what of service to the mind,
or to the budding intellect of a family of children, is there
in twisted pieces and dove-tailed joints of mere mahogany !
Home is a woman's empire, and taste and science may
make that home cheering, which wealth can never do. A

few flowers, a few birds, cost less, and effect much more.
What one admires in the character of the French women,
and what gives them an influence over men which the wo-
men of no other nation have, is their consummate tact in
uniting the useful and the beautiful. The classic arts of
Greece and Rome are studied by them even in so small a
thing as arranging the tapestry of a bed chamber; and
yet the same women who will do all this, and even direct
the making of a chair after the mode of the Pompeii, buried
for hundreds of years, will go into a kitchen and make up a
dinner of little or nothing, in the way of a material, as it
seems to an English or an American eye, which a prince
might dine upon, and be proud of too. Such women, then,
can afford to seem extravagant; hut, after all, now-a-days,
there is little or no extravagance in France, though there
seems to be much.
Would that we could learn from Europe only all the
good, and reject all the bad. The attempt to engraft Eu-
ropean fashions upon American institutions is preposte-
rous, and, when it does not make us ridiculous, will ruin
those who attempt it. Simplicity is the genius of our in-
stitutions, and severe, ri'idl simplicity will alone save them.
Extravagance, stimiulatid by the political cont, as of the
times, is teaching us a lesson now, which may do tis good.
Every thing must come down, and a great revolution is
going on in prices, men, manners, fashions, and the times.
The old dynasty is shaken from its throne, and a new dy-
nasty is about coming. New York is a city of merchants,
traders, and mechanics, and the attempt to make it any
thing else is all nonsense and humbug, while death under
our laws is such a terrible leveller. Thus, the going a vi-
siting at 10, 11, and 12 o'clock at night, is an invention of
the aristocracy over sea, who select this hour, not that they
like it, but to distinguish themselves from the merchant
and others, whose avocations are such that they must work
days and sleep nights. Then, again, the extravagances
of wealth are the inventions of a people where the law of
primogeniture prevails-where the army and navy, and
the church, are open exclusively for the younger sons-
where property depends not upon credit, but is barricaded
and hedged up byestates, tail and entail-in formation and
by remainders, devised and contingent, withed by all the
formalities of the feudal law.
Our People are a business People, and ought to be an
economical and frugal People. We play the fool when
we ape Europe in its magnificence, and the attempt seems
very like what is called a lightening bug" setting its little
blaze in opposition to the broad glare ofa noon-day sun.
God has given us a country to WORK in. Our destiny is

"Libcerty a;nd TUCion nowv an.id forever, one and
ii is cpalral) I c.'

The Committee of the Merchants of the City
of New York, appointed to represent their con-
arrived in this city on Tuesday evening. Yes-
terday, we understand, they proceeded, with Mr.
HONE at their head, to the President's Mansion,
and communicated with him. They are yet in
the city, and it is generally understood that they
are to have to-day another interview with the
PRESIDENT, to receive his reply to their propo-
sitions and requests.

announced the success at the election held in
Virginia for Representatives to Congress (on
Thursday last) of the following candidates, in
their respective districts, viz.
First District, HENRY A. WISE.
Second District, FRANCIS MALLORY.
Third District, FRANCIS E. RIVES.
Fourth District, JOHN ROBERTSON.
Sixth District, JOHN TALIAFERRO.
Seventh District, CHARLES F. MERCER.
Thirteenth District, JAMES GARLAND.
To which we are liow enabled to add:
Ninth District, GEO. C. DROMGOOLE.
Eleventh District, JAMES V. BOULDIN.
From the remaining Districts we have no de-
cisive returns, but are in daily expectation of

COAL.--We have complied with the request,
addressed to editors generally, by inserting in
our columns the Proceedings of the Operators in
Coal in Pernsylvania. We do not, however, clear-
ly understand from them whether it is the want
of capital, the want of current means, or the want
of a demand for the Coal, that produces the dif-
ficulty among the miners. The Coal, we ob-
serve, is yet selling in the New York market at
$10 per ton, which surely must create a de-
mand for it at the prices which it brought in for-
mer years. If the miners of coal at Pottsville
really stop their operations, and refuse to quarry
the coal for next winter's consumption, they will
produce some embarrassment in the Atlantic
cities which depend upon that source for their
fuel, as that description of fuel cannot now be
obtained in sufficient quantity elsewhere. But
will they not, also, still more embarrass them-
selves by their own suspension of operations
than they could have been embarrassed in any
other way ?
It is impossible to escape the reflection,
on the perusal of these proceedings, that the ab-
sence of competition has not been entirely unfelt
by those who composed the Meeting. The
statement of the miners says, intelligibly enough,
We have the monopoly of the supply ; circum-
stances drove the price of coal last season to the
highest rate pvet knbwA ; we will got the same
price for our coal, now mined or to be mined,
or the Public shall feel the want of it. No one
will doubt their right to put what price they
please upon their own property and labor; and
the coal operators are not to be blamed for pro-
tecting their own interests whilst the monopoly
remains to them.
But, within three years, the Potomac coal will
be in the market, by the completion of the canal
navigation. When that happens, the best of
coal will be delivered, in any quantities, at the
wharves within the District of Columbia, at less
than five dollars per ton, if not as low as four
dollars; and the oppressive price of coal will
not then have to be added, as it has been for
some months past, to the general pressure un-
der which all the country labors.

The annexed paragraph from the New York
Journal of Commerce, repeats the report trans-
mitted by our New York correspondent, which
the Government paper here, with its accustom-
ed decorum and with characteristic candor, pro-
nounced to be-a "fabrication." The paragraph
shows that our correspondent was borne out in
what he stated by the current impression and
belief in New York:
CRUELTY.--VWe understand that orders have been re-
ceived to sue immediately all custom-house bonds not paid
at maturity. It is said MTiat the order came from Washing-
ton, but the policy is so unlike that usually pursued by Mr.
Woodbury, that we must hope, at least, that it had a low-
er origin. The houses which have suspended payment'are
making all possible efforts to liquidate their affairs, and will,
many of them, be able to pay in full. There is no reason to
suspect any fraudulent intention in any of them; and the
Government is in no present need of the money. To coin-
mence suits against these houseswould be considered mean-
ness in any individual, and, to do it on the part of the Go-
vernment, in the midst of the present distress, seems to be
mere cold-hea red cruelty."

THE SPECIE ORDER.--We have seen official documents
which give evidence that, prior to the issuing of the Specie
Order, some of the distant land offices were in the habit of
receiving in payment of lands the notes of the private
banking house of Yeatman, Woods & Co., of Nashville,
which firm is reported among the late failures at that place.
But for the Specie Order, there can hardly be a doubt
that the Treasury would have become embellished with
some thousands of the notes of that concern, and formed
a special item to be reported to Congress as unavailable
Capital! The Government first break the
merchant or banker by a series of reckless, un-
constitutional, and ruinous measures, and then
congratulate themselves that they have thrown
the distress upon others-that they have none of
the paper, but they care not how much is scat-
tered among the People.-N. Y. M2er. Adv.

POTOMAC FISHERIES.-We regret to learn
that the general result of the fishing season is
not favorable. They have commenced "cut-


We h:ive alwvnys h:ad some idea of the cn-
atr: init imt posil o( the minds of persons in the
public einploy, by the system of Rewards and
Punishments, introduced into the General Go-
vernment some eight years ago by the then domi-
nant party. But, we confess, we never realized
its existence in the extent described in the fol-
lowing extract from a Speech lately delivered on
a public occasion by the fearless and spirited
Representative in Congress from tihe Old Do-
minion :
Not only has the freedom of debate, but the freedom of
speech throughout the land, been held sacred by every true
'98 republican. Now, sir, I assert it, that (luring the last
winter, when the investigations of the two committees were
going on in Congress, a real inquisition was established iII
the Executive Departments to extort from some of the poor
clerks, who had .i m-n information to Mr. Peyton and my-
self of certain abuses. The gag-law of proscription was
held over the head of every one who showed a disposition
to disclose voluntarily. Sir, one of the most crying abuses
daily before my eyes was one which was enough to freeze
the blood of a freeman in his veins. Often were I and my
friend, Mr. Peyton, visited by certain true-hearted patriots,
(for there are some such belonging to the departments,) by
stealth, in the dead hour of the night, who, when the door
was locked, and they had cast their timid glances at every
curtain and closet in the room, would reveal by hints, sel-
dom directly, what they knew, and what might be known,
concerning every species of vice and mischief in the admin-
istration of public affairs. Their mouths are stopped with
bread. I have numerous letters from several of them,
which clearly show the worse than Turkish despotism
which reigns at t0-1 mn'iri',',li of this boasted republic. As
an instance, sir, a worthy man of one of the departments
called and told me of a certain crying abuse. I commenc-
ed upon its trail. In a day or two I received an anony-
mous note; I knew the hand-writing. Iam suspected.
Please have me summoned, and ask me a number ofques-
tions, indifferent, no matter what, not touching the mat-
ter I informed you of, as a blind; they'll suppose 1 did not
'tell you of that, and that you did not know I knew of it.
' You surely will not let me suffer for giving you informa-
'tion of the truth. This plan may save me." Sir, I could
not adopt the plan; why ? The man was honest, and I
reminded him he would be sworn to tell the whole trulh.
The only plan was to desist from the important inquiry, to
save an honest and true man from the most tyrannical tor-
ture of persecution and proscription. Oh, if the walls of
those penitentiaries, called departments, could speak! they
would tales unfold which would arouse the blood of free-
men, and make tyrants and their tools feel their hottest ven
geance. How hard was the struggle for light and truth
against the trained bands of an overwhelming majority of
miscreants, faithless representatives in the House; against
a party machine for a Speaker; against the stocked pack
of committee; against the President and tie Heads of
Departments; against proscription and a pensioned press !
The odds were great against two feeble, denounced, abus-
ed, slandered men, of little experience in public life, who
were actually put upon trial for their efforts-honest, though
they may have been sometimes in error in the cause of
light, and liberty, and truth, and who were unsustained
except by a few stout hearts who stood by and gave them
the light of their countenance, and the encouragement of
their cheers. Thank God! the triumph was the greater.
Triumph we did. We did drag to light many of their hid
den deeds of darkness; and, above all, made them show of
what they were capable, by the mode and means of their

THE CHILD'S BAUBLE.-Children and misers
are ever tickled with what shines. The Globe,
apparently in a paroxysm of delight, but blind to
the sufferings of this great country, and deaf to
cries of wo, parades the following article as the
first under the editorial head :
Imports into New York from the 17th to the 22d April,
By individuals 142,710
By Bank of America, being part of French
inwemnity ,- ,4
Exports at the same port during the same week 124,786

Excess of imports $115,788
Imports into New Orleans :
On the 4th April 197,920
Ditto at same port 19th April 251,20

Imports into Boston during the week endingr
22d April $38,330
Exports at same port same week 3,000

Excess of imports $35,330
Now, where is this gold and silver? Is it in
the Safety Fund notes at a discount of two per
cent. ? Is it in the p ts of the hundreds of
laborers of the city, uTho are now wandering
about for employment, many of them hungering,
for bread? Does it brighten the face of society ?
Does it give relief? Does it raise the price of
cotton ? Does it make the spindle in the fac-
tory go? Does it build the ship ? Does it build
the city, the railroad, or the canal ?

The truth is, the Globe and its managers are
pushing upon us the experiments of Old Spain,
and of the middle ages-an experiment which
reduced Spain from one of the most exalted po-
sitions among the great nations of the earth, to
want, and beggary, and misery. It is an old
experiment, which ruined Spain, and is ruining
us. It might now possibly do for the despotism
of Asia, but it will not answer in Europe, and it
certainly will never answer in the New World.
Mr. Van Buren destroys CREDIT, under which
business prospers, and all have happiness and
employ, and gives gold, which none, however,
but the Government can get, and which nobody
can eat, drink, or wear.

The great fall in the price of Cotton, and the
almost total cessation of transactions in the pre-
sent state of the money market, render the trans-
mission of reinittairces in the shape of bills of
exchange impracticable at the South. In an ar-
ticle on this subject, the Augusta (Geo.) Senti-
nel of the 27th ult. says :
The ability of our banks to afford exchanges upon the
North is based, in a great degree, upon the cotton that is
sent forward; and hence, at a time like this, when there is
no cotton selling, they can do nothing in the exchange
business. It is now utterly impossible to make remitiai, es
to the Nosth in the usual way, and the merchants will soon
be compelled to forward the specie, or suffer their debts
payable in New York to go unpaid. It is no evidence of
unsoundness intur city banks that they cannot check up-
on the North as usual, but merely the result of a stagna-
tion in the cotton market."

LAKE CHAMPLAIN.-This lake was still closed by ice
on the 20th ultiimo; and it was said to be good crossing
on foot from Cumberland Head to Grand Isle.
In the St. Lawrence, on the 10th of last month, the ice
near the Quebec shore, being measured, was upwards of
five feet thick, and in the midst of the river thirteen inches.
Neither of the above facts is more remarkable than that
of ice appearing on the brooks and ponds in this vicinity


The Seitiioles are coming in slowly, but, I
think, surely; and if the suffering inhabitants at
the other end of the Territory do not provoke
them to renewed aggressions, all will end peace-
It seems to me impossible for the General to
move them all before July, and perhaps some
will remain behind until the Fall.
They are bringing in their cattle and ponies
to be appraised. The General allows them very
high prices, and they seem well pleased. Be-
tween '200 and 300 draw rations in the neigh-
borhood of this post at present, and runners are
continually coming from the different towns to
explain delay, and give assurances of a peacea-.
ble disposition on the part of their people. The
migration of tlese people affords Gen. JESUP a
better opportunity of doing himself credit than
the war itself did : for it is nb great feat for a
Major General to put down 709 or 800 Indians,
even in this Territory, whereas the honest remo-
val of a tribe of Indians would be something al-
most unprecedented.
We have not found out what supply of anmmu-
nition they possess, but they seem to have
enough to hunt with. As yet, we have more
men than women and children, which is not ve-
ry satisfactory. Cloud (Aholochee) says that
all his people are in-(in all, 62 only.)
In two or three weeks, we can form a better
judgment; meantime, I trust that one party,
though small, may be shipped before that time.
It is very desirable to break the ice in this busi-
Micanopy attends to his councils always at
th.e appointed time. He is now here.


Our readers will have learnt, from the adver-
tisement, that the Spring Races over the Wash-
ington Course were to commence on Tuesday
last. We hear that some of the finest horses
of the country, and a number of distinguished
sportsmen, are in attendance, and that the
Races have thus far been full of interest, which
may be expected to increase rather than to di-
minish. from day to day. The following notice
of the first day's race is taken from the Globe:
Col. W. R. JouNsON's ch. f. Mary Blunt, took the post
stake (two-mile heats,) in two heats, beating Charles, Ma-
gic, and another. Time 5 m. 51 s. 6 m. 6 s.
The sweepstakes, mile heats, 8200 entrance. 5 subs. was
won by Col. TiUoMPsoN's gr. f. Omega, in two heats.
Time 1 m. 57 s. 1 n. 54, s.
BoNDS.-We are happy to learn that, as we hoped, no
orders have been received from the Treasury Department
requiring suits to be commenced on'bonds, and that no
new orders have been issued from any quarter. The di-
rections of law we know are imperative, but we hope, un-
der existing circumstances, the executive officers will feel
at liberty to conform, in some measure, to the lenity which
Congress would, we are sure, direct to be exercised were
they in session. Forbearance is as necessary for the sabe-
ty of the rt;i. nu',, as of the general interests of debtors
ati liFl:.-i- ii'lllLM s generally ; for it t il t"Acast ..-.**
ments, aid assignments will make sacrifices and expci.res
and losses in various ways.
tlhale:'s filled out of Slonington.--The five last ships
that have arrived at Stonington, from whaling voyages,
have brought into that port 15,500 barrels of oil and 1'25,000
lbs. of whalebone ; averaging 3,100 barrels of oil and 25,000
lbs. of bone each, which is believed to hbe the largest quan-
tity ever lan-ded from five successive ships in any one port
in the United States since the commencement of tile busi-
ness. Should two more ships safely arrive, which are
daily expected, with full cargoes, there will within the last
eight months have been brought into this port property fall-
ing but little short of half a. million of dollars, all fished out
of the mighty dcop, which is pretty well, for a village con-
taininig but twelve hundred inhabitants.
'1,-s. :re of Seventy ZMissionaries !-The New Bed-
ford Mercury contains a statement of the most horrid mas-
sacre of seventy native Missionaries at Wallis's island, ifi
the South Sea, in August, 1835. Mr. William M. Barnard;
formerly second officer of the ship Selma, of New Bedford,
who arrived there in the Parachute a few days since, fitr-
nished thie statement to the Mercury. It appears from
his journal that the English Missionaries at Keppel island
(one of the Friendly group) conceived tihe benevolent plan
of all,.iplitng to introduce Christianity into W allis's island,
by sending native teachers and Missionaries, thinking they

would meet with less opposition than foreigners. They,
procured them a passage to the island, but, soon after they
landed, the whole number were murdered in the most bar-
barous and inhuman manner. Mr. Barnard was at the
island at the time the massacre took place, and left in the
sloop of war Vincennes, when she touched at that place.
He left the latter vessel at Cape Town.
INTERESTING TO WOMANKIND.- A correspondent of the
New York Evening Post, writing from Chicago, Illinois,
describes very feelingly the demand for young, handsome,
and interesting helpmates in those regions where the
lords of the creation" are far more numerous than sam-
ples of womankind." A trip to the 'West (says the Bos -
ton Mercantile Journal) is worth thinking of by our New
England damsels in these hard times, when marriage bids
fair to be a ceremony which, although often talked of, will
seldom be performed. The following is an interesting ex-
tract from the letter :
Interesting women are in demand here ; for such the mark-
et is a sure one I understand, when the steamboats arrive from
Buffalo and Detroit, that nearly all business is suspended; and
crowds of desolate, rich young bachelors flock to the pier, and
standretrl4 i- .;':! th'l ii-rls as they land. W whether tlhei.e- .
the las:-.', -. -i : jI .pl,-IImm i.w which some oftlhem have acquired
in catching ponies on the Rocky mountains, or whether they
take them by the force of smiles, I am not informed; hiavipg
just arrived, I cannot speak from observation ; but I believe tho
result to be a pretty universal surrender."
Appalling A ccident.-On Tuesdtay morning, as Mr. Seymour
Goodyear was on his way from Hamden to New Haven, (Con.)
on the Farmington Turnpike, on the descent a trace became
unhitched, which started the horse, and ulset the wagon on the
brink of a precipice, descending to the river a hundred and
fifty feet. The horse freed himself, and went alead, while the
wagon and its contents rolled down the bank till checked by
stamps and bushes ; but all were fortunately recovered without
any essential injury, except half a bushel of eggs, which were
prematurely hatched in the melee. Mr. Goodyear and his
daughters had their clothes torn considerably, but were able to
refit, and come into town.-New Haven Herald.
Ranaway, strayed, perhaps lost.---he schooner April, of
Boston, lying at anchor in arwich harbor, Cape Cod, on the
night of the :24th ult. while Captain Elisha Eldride uand all
his crew were at their respective homes, went to sea with no
person on board, and has not since been heard from. She was
on her way from Mobile to Boston.

Printers' Troubles.-The Natchitoches Herald says, Our
number of this week has been unavoidably delayed. One of


The great iieettiu which was to have been
held this afternoon in the State-ho.use yard has
been postponed, bat not absolutely sine die. It
seems to be thought wisest to wait and see
what will be the reception of tle committee of
the fifty at the White House, and the result of
their application, and then to be guided accord-
The appearance of things in Philadelphia is
really melancholy. A general stagnation in ev-
ery department of business and occupation ap-
pears to prevail throughout the city. There is
almost no confidence between man and man;
all is mercantile suspicion and gloom; and
the immediate as well as the inevitable effect
of this is-there is no money, and business
with thousands is at an end ; for, in this staid
and sober city they have adopted a far wiser
policy than the New Yorkers. Instead of car-
rying on their affairs by immense sacrifices,
rushing upon certain ruin to save themselves
from being ruined, they have determined not to
carry on at all, but to wait and.see ; which, for the
present, is the safest course. The consequence
of this, however, is fatal to all the occupations
and employment of men in general, and every
thing is waiting and idle. This is a dreadful
posture of affairs for a busy, active, mercanitile
people, and especially is it grievous for the in-
dustrious and laborious part of the community,
who are now without work. If these things af-
fected only a small part of the People, there
would be consolation; but all, without any ex-
ception, are affected, to a greater or less extent,
by the present state of things, and all are suffer-
ing. He, therefore, who laughs when all are
mourning, may be very unfeeling, but certainly
is most ignorant. The eyes of the greater part
are turned towards Washington, and all concur
in thinking, feeling, and saying SOMETHING
There is nothing new to communicate: it is
feared that the coal trade of Pennsylvania is ru.-
ined for this year, and that Philadelphia will
have no supply of coals when the season conies!
This is a sad prospect; some are indignant,
some rage, some attempt to mollify, some des-
pond, but all complain, all murmur, all suffer.
Yours, &c.


NEw ORLEANS, Anpir, 25.
If all the present crop of Cotton here and in the coun-
try were sold for ten cents cash, it would not pay half the
debt into which the speculators have plunged themselves
and the people.
The St. Louis steamboats will all lay up on their return,
so little business have they to do. Many of them have been
seized for debt, as well as those belonging to Nashville and
Louisville. A merchant, yesterday, to whom was con-
signed a cargo of Pork, refused to pay the freight thereon,
(,i2,100;) lie paid on account $500, and offered to give up
the pork if the money was refunded. Such thli;,_s will con-
vir-fe -you of the :nrcity of money.,
SNothing else of moment to communicate, exctept that the
banks are offering and paying 21 per cent. for specie. The
currency take the noes, say, of one of them, and drain out
the specie, and sell it to the same bank for the premium.
Large dealings have occurred in this way. Thus have
the banks become tlihe flecced. Yours, &c.

At Alexandria, D. C., on Thursday, 27th ult., by the
Rev. Mr. Hill, Mr. JOHN B. DAVISON to Miss MA-
On the 3d of May, Mr. THOMAS KELLY, in the
80th year of his age, a native of Londonderry, Ireland.

ABnnr]V.D, MA.Y 1.
Schooner Celerity, Jenkins, Numini; corn to WVilliam N.
S.:hoonder Lucy, CI,-inll. r, fiaom Geonrgetown, S. C.; ship
plank and flooring boards to Lambert & McKenzie.
Schooner Re'peater, Travers, from Baltimore; wheat to Ed-
ward Doinger'ield, and mahogany to Charles Kooncs.

Franklin Insurance Office, May 1, 1837.
F Hin E Board of Directors has declared a dividend of Ten
per cent., which will he paid to stockholders when called
may 4-co2w Secretary.
ted meeting of this Company will be held this evening,
g seven o'clock, at thie Masonic Hall.
N. B.-The Comnmissioncrs appointed to divide the Stock
allotted to this company, will neetat six o'clock.
may 4 H. T. PAIRO, Sec'y.

$30,000, $10,000, $7,000, 25 Prizes of $1,000.
For the Benefit of the town of Wellsburg.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, 6th of May, 1837,
At 3 o'clock, P. M.



1 prize of -
1 do -
1 do
1 do -
1 do -
1 do
1 do
05 do
50 do -
Tickets $10, Halves $5, Quarters

4,000 .
$2 5f

On sale at the otice of RiAN
., J A VWashi:gton.
nmy 4 Pennsylvania Avee" n
y AT E--The
Subscribers having received an age fron a-
n_ .I.le ofhis Cocoa and
ker, of Dorchester, Massachusetts, for t.iful is ocon andt
Chocolate, will keep constantly on ha, at the same prices as
articles, which they are authorized to, cit
obtained by otheragents in the Nortw article, and is highly
BAKER'S COCOA PASTE s ration from the Cocoanut,
recommended as "an excellent pe ready tor use in one mi-
but without its oil. It may be /ighly noutritions, and ngree-
nute, with boiling water only. ,r dyspeptic and nervous per-
able to all persons in h health. ts, it is deemed y
soins, for invalids, and espe Cocoa preparations, froi the ab-
physicians superior to all is salutary itoredients."
sence of the Cocoa oil, offer for sale, at factory prices-
We have. just rceiv Nor-folk co." lirand
-10 bxes Chocol,/i \rV Baker" do
15 do (10 Cocoa do
10 do prepast do
5 do Co' the best quality, and may be returned if
All warruntmie recommendation.

i i




The Letter due from our correspondent at
New York failed to reach us by the Express
Mail which arrived in due time last evening.
But, through the civility of the publishers of the
New York Evening Star, we are enabled to lay
:he following News before our readers.

ONE O'CLOCK, MAY 2, 1837.
By the packet-ship Hibernia, Capt. Wilson,
arrived this forenoon from Liverpool, we have
our regular files of papers to April 1st, inclusive;
and by the Charles Carroll, Capt. Lee, from
Havre, papers to March 25th.
The moneyed and commercial affairs have
not improved. A promise has been made to
sustain Amnerican houses. Something substan-
tial has been done ; but all predicated on the ex-
pectation of receiving remittances from America
in gold and silver by the next packet. Cotton is
down, and affairs generally are not encouraging.
London Money market, (abridged from the Lon-
don Times of April Ist.)-The arrangement be-
tween the Bank of England and that of the Unit-
ed States is said to be on the point of comple-
tion. It will make tie U. S. Bank indebted to
England, instead of the houses to whom ad-
vances have been made. It furnishes a safe me-
diumi whici i emove; all objections. It rather
impedes at present the transmission of bullion,
as it will prevent the Americans from being forc-
ed to send gold. That will be accomplished af-
ter the trading difficulties are adjusted. The
failure of Fry & Lightfoot, bullion merchants,
has excited great surprise, as they had an excel-
lent business. They were probably compromis.-
ed in foreign exchange. Bentley & Co. is
another large failure at Liverpool. The English
funds are without any fluctuation.
is nothing of much importance, except the posi-
tive assurance that there is to be a change in the
French M1'inistry, in consequence of serious dif-
ferences between M. Guizot and Count Mole,
which had been temporarily reconciled by the
King, but broken out afresh. It was uncertain
whether Thiers or Guizot would obtain the as-
cendencv, as either of them, it is supposed, will
command more influence than Mole. The Lon-
don Courier of March 31st says, up to 4 P. M.
April 29th, no arrangements had been com-
The Portuguese Guerilla Chieftain, Romechido, by ad-
vices from Lisbon to March 15, had been defeated.
Espartero returned to Bilhoa the 21st, leaving the princi-
pal corps of the army at Elorido and Durango. This move-
ment cannot be accounted for. The Carlists impute it to
a slight advantage obtained over him by Don Sebastian at
Zornoro March 21st.
The plague has abated at Smyrna, but is destroying 19
per diem at Tripoli. The Consul General, Warrington,
with his family, had gone to Malta.
Lt. Col. Francis Cockburn is appointed Lt. Governor of
the Bahama Islands, and J. Alexander Mackenzie, Esq.
Governor of Ceylon.
N THE IFOURTH.-Mr. LAII!BE has the honor to
inform the ladies and gentleman' of\Washington, George-
town, and Alexandria, that his Annual Ball will take place at
Carusi's Saloon, on Thursday, 4th lMay.
'Sobsc iioiouoiil s wil't l >o pe, n i' at r1Mi. C ;al'al's li)rug store;
corner ofE and 7th streets, and at Dr. (Gni ton's. Also, at Mr.
Garret Anderson's Book store, and at Mr. Boyle's Drug store,
near Gadsby's.
As tickets will be ready at the abovementioned places, gen'-
tlcnmcn are requested to obtain them at tlie time of subscribing.
The price of which will be 82 each-boys $1.
C ARD.-The subscriber asks the f.mvor of all his custom-
ers to pay their accounts, o; any part they can spare these
difficult times. DAIRIUS CLAGETT.
may 4-3t
understands every branch of tihe business thoroughly, is
desirous of obtaining a profitable a:;d pcrmanc:' situation in
any office West, South, or Southwest of the District of Colum-
bia. The most satisfactory recommendations can be given, if
r- Address, post paid, to A,. B. Printer," office National
Intelligence. rmay 4-6td&cp
ELEGANT' NEW 1 'UR NITUNE at Auction.-
On Saturday next, 6ih instant, at 40 o'clock P. M., I shall
sell at auction, without reserve, at the vrarehouse, (opposite Mr.
Green's Cabinet Factory,) a large collection of elegant, new
Fur-milture, embracing the follovwinm arti.lec of beautiful and
rich patterns, viz.
Mahogany hair-seat Chairs
Ladies' Cabinets, Secrotari-e, and Book-cases
D)ressinmm Bureaus. with aJsses, VWorkstands

Mahogany \War robe, piar and Claw Card Tables
Splendid Sideboards, L'ht Stands, Washstands
Curled maple and sta;'ed Bedsteads, and other articles.
This furniture, is marnkn the best manner, in the very latest
fashion, and will be arrg11ed for examination on Friday.
Terms at sale. EDW. DYER,
may 4--ts Auctioneer.
Il1EAP DI)' GOODS, just rcceived.--10 pieces
rich figure black and blupe-black Silks
20 pieces ric' figured colored silks
10 do lirft c"elm-d Poult de Soi, for bonnets
I case F'nch Chintzes, uncommonly cheap
20 pieces "11a fgh111ed Lawns
20 do rich French Camabrics
2 ..' Linen Cambric Handkerchiefs
10 en do do IIemsti:ched do
5c do light colored Gloves
Elegant Canton Crape Shawls
"With a great variety of other fancy goods, which will be
d low. D. CLAGETT.
may 4-3t
F f RUSTEE'S SALE.-Valuable Silver and ila-
S ted 1Vaie.-On Monday afternoon, the 8th instant, at
4 o'clock, will be sold without reserve, at my auction store, for
cash, sundry articles of Silver and Plated Ware, such as-
Covered Dishes, Coffee and Tea Sets, Waiters, Castors,
Spoons, Forks, &c. &c.
T~- Articles ready for examination on the day of sale from
10 to 3 o'clock.
By order of the Trustee.
GEORGE WHITE, Auctioneer,
may 4-ts Alexandria.
N OTICE.-Sealed proposals will be received by the sub-
scriber until Wednesdav, the 10th instant, for repairing
he culvert on Pennsylvania Avenue at its junction with 2d street
East. The bottom of the culvert will be laid with good blue
stone, the side walls of the same material, or best hard brick,
at the option of the subscriber,) and tobe covered substantially
vith blue stone ; it will be 14 inches wide, and 18 inches high
n the clear, and munt connect the dry well at the corner of the
street to the old culvert under the south side of the Avenue.
Any further information can be had( on application to the subscri-
maiy --3t Comnamiisioner 4th Ward.
P l FOR SALE.--I offer for sale the House in which
I reside. It is one of the most desirable sites in Wash-
muny 4-3t
1STEI'S bLIPPERS.-CARY & CO. have received-
100 pairs Este's Kid Slippers, (very soft)
100 do do rmorocco do
50 do extra size English kid do. (very superior)
200 do Spring heel kid Walking Shoes
200 do Seatl Slinnpr, (ritr n.,1. \ .. at I


am-- -.I. .............. ^- I LOCKIJARTS L1FE OF SIR WA.LT[ER SCOTT.

PAPER CURRENCY. Memoir of the Life of Sir Walter Scott, Bart.
Vol. 1.-R. Cadell, Edinbuigh; John Murray,
GENTLEMEN: Some writers on currency have and Whittaker & Co. London.
carried their doctrines to the extremity of declar- No publication could possibly have been more
ing that the circulating medium of a nation ought acceptable to the reading public than this. The
to (or at least might safely) consist altogetherof relation in which the author himself stands to
paper ; others, that it oughto consist altogether the illustrious poet, and the extensive resources
of the precious metals. It is most likely that the which have been open to him, have enabled him
safe medium is about halfway from each of these ,o produce a more ifithful rld accurate portrait
extremes, and that we were at least so near of his hero than any one else could have done.
that medium as -to be out of danger, when tle Viewed in his domestic and social relations, Sir
present confusion was suddenly created by our Walterappears as thoioughlly engaging and amia-
experimental rulers. ble as in his intellectual productions he i. varied
It is somewhat remarkable that those who fa- bld astonihi A very intimate friend (ivr.
vor the exclusively metallic currency borrow Skene) says of him:
their illustration of its advantages altogether from "During the whole proressof his varied life, to thatemi-
countries where there is either positively no li- nent station which he could not but feel he at length held in
berty, no commerce, no intercourse between the estimation, not of his countrymen alone, butof the whole
man and man, and no diffusion of intelligence ; world, I never could perceive the slightest shade of variance
or, compared to our own country, very little of fr-mi that simplicity of character with-which he impressed
thm. T .me on thc first hour of our meeting."
them. Now, it may safely be admitted that, if meon he. first our of our eetin-
banks and paper money were, or could be, intro- the p roreis of the nar with France
duced into the doiminions of the Grand Turk, ory of an invio of
the Barbary States, the consequences 1niht be cur shores by the enemy, the young barrister
th arbary Sta es, th onseq en es i t e took a very prom inent part in raising a cavalry
most pernicious to the People, as they and their tol a very rominnt pr in reaisig a ct vary
rulers have little sense, little honesty, and much taken ve corps, interest. It is interesting haenow
cunning, and are not likely to have better qual- t er rea iterst. It is iresg
cities until they have liberty. If Ban1k notes. zto look at the doings of our great poet and nov-
ities until they have liberty. If Bank notes or eit i h h e o r. Qa ermse, r Sott.
Treasury notes were issued in Constantinople, list in hs character of Mr. Qaarlernastcr S ott.
the Turks would be very shy of them, and, if they biorpher states:
ventured to take them, would no doubt hbe ry "mo"fg the common tastes which served to knit these
ventured to take t would no doubt be very friends together was their love ot horsemanship, in whic}}:h.
soon made to repent of their temerity. But the a.s in ah other :nanly exercises, Skene highly excelled;
experiment has .never been tried among the Peo- and the fears of French invasion becoming every day more
pIe themselves, because they have no use fr pa- serious, their thoughts were turned with correspondingzeal
to the project of organizing a force of mounted volunteers
per money ; they have not dealings or commerce i Scotland. o'ie London Light-forse had set th -volu
In Scotland TIhe London Liortit-Iorse had set thc ex-
enough with each other to see the disadvantages ample, (says Mr. Skene,) but in truth it was to Scott's ar-
and inconveniences of having to make payments dor that this force in the North owed its origin. Unable,
and remittances altogether in specie, or, if they by reason of his lamnecss, to serve amongst nis friends on
foot, he had nothing for it but to rouse the spirit of the
see the disadvantages, they have no power to re- moss-trooper, with which he readily inspired all who pos-
medy them. When they have money to pay at. sessed the means of substituting the sabre for the musket.
a distance, they send it tn a wagon with a troop On the 14th February, 1797, these friends and many
of horse to guard it; and the chances are equal more mnet and drew up an offer to serve as a body ofvolun-
that anotbe.troop ofi horse, not entitled toelt, ,,ets teer cavalry in Scotland, which of-Fer, eiing transmitted
that another troop of horse, notentitled toit, through thy Duke of Buccleuch, Lord Lieutenant of Mid-
possession of it on the way by the right of the Lothian, was accepted by Government. The organiza-
strongest. When they have payments to niake tion of the corps proceeded rapidly ;they extended their of-
at home, they count out their little paras, which fer to servc in any part of the Island, in case of actual in-
are said to be about the size and thickness of a vasion, and ttlis also being accepted, the whole arrange-
are said to be about the size and thickness of a nent was shortly complied ; when Charles Mlaitland, Esq.
fly's wing ; or, if they pay away or receive gold, of Rankeillor, was elected Major Commandant; (Sir) Wil-
they look at it, weigh it, smell it, taste it, try it lianm Ra, of St. Catharine's, Captain; James Gordon, of ,
with acids, and view it curiously in all ways, so Craig, and George Robinson, of Clermiston, Lieutenants;
(Sir) Willi-am 1,orbes, of Pitsligro. and James Skene, of
as t, be sure that it is not clipped or adulterated. il ;, I "
Itubislaw, Cornmiets; Walter Scott, Paymaster, Quarter-
Knowing that no man among them can trust his master, an(d Secretary; John Adams, Adjutant. But the
neighbor, they take all possible precautions treble duties thus devolved on Scott were found to inter- "
against being cheated. One thing indeed may fere too sCvelry with his other avocations, and Colin Mac-
a bgeain bee bminy che One thing indeedkenzie, of Portmore, relieved him soon afterwards from
be said in favor of the Turkish Government, (or those of Paymaster.
misgovernment,) which is, that they have never The part of quartermaster (says Mr. Skene) was pro- .
attempted to plunder their subjects by issuing (or perly selected for him, that he might be spared the :ough1-
destroying) a paper currency ; but this may have 'usage" ofthe ranks; but, notwithstandinm his infirmity, ae'
riseror nc thhad a remarkably -r seat on horseback, and in all situa-
arisen from their ignorance of tie expedient, or tions a fearless one ; no fatigue ever seemed too much -fior
from the impossilkility o f getting their subjects to him, and his zeal a animation servedd to sustain the en- I
trust to any promise that they would make, thusiasm of the whole corps ; while his ready mot rire' i
written or spoken. kept u"', in all, a degree of good humor and relish for the f
service, without which the toil and privations of long daily
But if these Turkish notions of currency are drills would not easily have been submitted to by such a
wise, we may borrow the same sort of wisdom body of gentlemncn. At every interval of exercise, the or- t
from a nation somewhat nearer to us. An arti- der, sit at ease, was the signal for the quartermaster to lead
de ofintelligeaee in your paper of thle 2Sth ul- tha squadron to merriment; every eye was intuitively t
tim f show turned on 'Earl Walter,' as he was familiarly called by
time shows what a condition the currency of his associates of that date, and his ready joke seldon failedY
Mexico is in--a country which has an exclu- to raise the ready laugh. He took his full share in all the q
sively metallic currency, and supplies the pre- labors and duties of the corps, had the highest pride in its q
cious metals to half thle world ; they have now a progress and proficiency, and was such a trooper himself, as v
copper currency, lhich their ;retched avern- only a very powerful frame of body and warmest zeal in tilhe
opper currency, which their wretched ern- cause could have enabled any one to be. But his habitual D
ment is endeavoring to compel then to take at good humor was the great charm ; and at the daily mess, ti
..double its value. -Faring no credit or trust (.or we a!! dI' I t. thcer when in quarters,) that reigned,
among each -other, or among foreign nations, su^r'mem." fi a
) t Earl Wsal: s first cliarger, by thile way, wa-s a tall and
and no paper money, their specie has been sud- powerful animal named Lenore. These daily drills appear- .a
de4ily drained from them, and they have not cir. ed to have been persisted in during the spring and sunnmmer F
culating medium enough left for even thle little of 1797; the corps spending, moreover, some weeks in
trade and industry that is left among them. quarters at Musselhurgh. The majority of the troop hayv-
e e f t ( c c o ing professional duties to attend to, the ordinary hour for a
The advantages of credit (and credit can only drill was five in the morning ; and when we reflect that, a
be manifested by paper money of some descrip- after some hours of hard work in this way, Scott had to rr
tion) have been shown by the ease with which prodIuce himselfregularly in the Parliament House with a
this country can, if necessary, draw specie from gown" and wig, for the space of fou or five hours at least,
this ountryeaif e r da seie while his chamber practice, though still humble, was on the
other nations. We have, unnecessarily, nearly increase, anti ihat he had found a plentiful source of new j
drained all Europe, and Mexico besides ; and un- social engagements in his trop,lc.,nrii\ti,_,rq, it certainly T
necessarily created distress and embarrassment, could have excited no surprise had his literary studies been bi
not only arvoug ourselves, but amono- those from found suffering total intermission during this busy period. re
t y o sl e, u a t i That such was not the case, however, his correspondence bi
whon. the specie has been taken. We could at and niote-books aflbrd ample evidence. a
any moment, wiih such a currency and credit as "He had no turn, at this time of hiilife, for early
we had previous tb the experiment, lake specie rising; so that the regular attendance at the morning drills
from other nations f we wanted it, while nations was of itself' a strong evidence of his militaryze'al; but _
ai'o not uher nations y or wwanted it, while noatios he must have, in spite of them, and of all other eircum-
having no such curret.y or credit could not take stances, persisted in what was the usual custom of all his
it from us except in changee for actual mier- earlier life, namely, the devotion of the besot hours f The in
chandise. Our solid paper currency was fast giv- night to solitary study. In general, both as a young man, in
Sing us command ofthe s5icie in all parts of tle and in more advanced age, his constitutionrequinr-. I a good s
glnoe co in China ifthsie fr A pari c i b n allowance of sleep, and he, on principle, indulged if' it, m
globe, even in China itsel, for American bank saying he was but half a man if hie had not full seven g'
notes were in actual circUation among mer- hours of utter unconsciousness ;' but his whole mind and

chants in Canton. This was lie result ofFAine- temperament were, at this period, in a state of' most ec
rican industry and eteprise, erican or fervent exaltation, and spirit triumphed over matter. His )
translation of Steinbcrg's Otho of Wittelsbach,' is
and good faith, and originally 0o American in- marked '1795-7;' from which I conclude it was finished i,
telligence and freedom, which we,, making all in the latter year. The volume containing that of MAdier's
the nations of the earth tributary to us ; .t~d all this has Wolfred of Dromberg, a drama of chivalry,' is dated Ali
been perilled, (we hope not sacrificed,) with,1t necessity, 1797; and, I think, the reader will presently see cause to fJi
and without hesitation or deliberation, for th, sake of a suspect, that though net attended to in his imperfect not<<
mere figment of fancy, or else something much horse book, these tasks must have been accomplished in the very ci
The great danger to a paper currency is a draii,f spci' season" of the daily drills."
from us. We are now seeing the ten-old greater Oner of An early attachment of voung Scott's proved ,'
a sudden influx of spece. T7he one danger, the P(--j -nfo-
n ," uniirtunate. His first interview with the lady,
left to themselves, could have guarded against, andrtunate. His first interview with the lady,
constantly and necessarily guarding against, so that ti.., who subsequently became Lady Scott, is thus ho
was no likelihood of its producing dangerous consequence, described : hP
With proper guards and "checks, (and the wisdom of ou. Ridin one ay with Ferguson, they e so miles
rulers should be show in providing or suggesting these,. R one, ey et, ome mies
not destroying them,) nearly the whole Mpecie basis mi,,, froni Gilsland, a young lady, taking the air on horseback,
not destroying them,) nearly whole F.pcie basis ,orn 1ol
be drawn from the country without producing any hurtful V.oni neither of th!n had previously remarked, and whose r
consequence, or any other than a gradual alteration of pri earane instantly struck both so much, that they kept
consequence, or any pri- in view until they had satisfied themselves that she
ces; and prices fluctuate in all countries, no matter what a s n of the y at Gilsland. The that she
sort of currency they hae. Wth a! theipefecions of our the'ty at lla The am in
paper currency, the price of flour did not vary from 1820 to self i1., b i, at which Capt.an Scolt Produced ,-him
1830 more than two dollars a barrel, and this variation is too tobe rq e .e nl talks, and f eruson also thought i'. "^
slight to attribute to fluctuation in the currency, but rather, There lte rivfary ao the Edinburgh Volunteers
to trade. A sudden influx of specie, caused by unncces- to who sh 1 in htle r selrynted to the younkno travelers asuty
y, iirst get presented to thae unknown beauty 1.,,-T
sarily forcing it into the country, could not be guarded o t or ride; but though both the gentlemen iau
against, and might occur, even if we had no banks or pa- scarlet had hou both the getleme i
nn audvantae of being dancing partners, their tn(e
per money. If we had an exclusively metallic currency, friend succee'11in handing the fair stranger to supper; ba
the worst turn that European capitalists could do us would and such was first introduction to Charlotte Margaret o;
be to lend us a large amount of specie for a few years, and Carpenter.
then suddenly demand it back. If we had no paper cur- "' Without the iures of a regular beauty, she wa rich v
fency, we should be constantly borrowing in this way, as in personal attracted fa or a ty she w as ric
foreigners would voluntarily offer to lend it, knowing our as a fay's ;' a complex a form that was fashioned as ligh
M.. of the clearest and lightest olive -te
industry, intelligence, and good faith ; but then we should eyes large, deep-set, ant.and '-" oive
be constantly subject to the caprices of foreigners, or of and a profusion of silketzztig, ofttgeinest Itaianbrowi;
trade; while, with a paper currency, foreigners are subject her address hovering bet\ tilack as ter rao n a p, gc
2r auress noverng nt\ re sereo aprett your s0
to our caprices, as they now see. With a paper currency, English woman who has te rtty your
aid crai largely in general so- 1,
if foreigners should make a sudden demand on us for spe- cietvy, ai a certain natural '""led largely in general sio- fi
cie, we could fend it off, or supply it by our credit for a well with the accompaniment "" gaity tat s in
time, so that it might be gradually felt, (and probably not lier vision, as all who rcmemb French accent. A love- eig
felt at all,) provided the paper currency had not been un- days have assured me, could haer in the bloom of her ve,
naturally expanded. Now, that it is so expanded, and for- and from that hour the fate of ttf have been imiagined.; lots
eigners make the demand on us, we have no apparent re- Of thle young lady herself poet was fxed.' i
sort, though we are still better off than the Mexicans, for l her family, ir. thi
we have (besides some mines) intelligence, freedom, (per- Lockhart says: sal
haps,) and trust in each other. She was the daughter of Jean Cha be
If we had no paper currency, and Great Britain had, the a devoted royalist, who held an office u0tier, of Lyons be
whole interest and industry of this country would be sub- and Charlotte Volcre, his wife. She aiGovern"meu't'' ed
jest to the caprices of her capitalists. As it is, our capri- their, Charlces Charpencticr, had been educaft' only bro-
,,inn onxr inhnt has n7uz7.1pd all the fnnnr.nierinr talent nf te..tant religtion of their mother: and when trhe Pro- r

soon after her anrivail in London. this nii,blcman to;,k o0
himself the character of sole guardian to her children ; amui
Charles Charpe-mtier received, in due time, throumhl his; in
terest, an ilppointment in tile service of the Eiast India
Company, ill which lie hiad by this time risen to thle luera
tive situation of commercial resident at Salem. HIis sister
was now making a little excursion, under the care o! the
lady who had. superintended her education, Miss Jane Ni
colson, a daughter of Mr. Nicoison, Dean of Exeter, am
granddaughter of Win. Nicolson, Bishop of Carlisle, wel
known as the editor of' The Engilish Historical Library.
To some connexions which the learned prelate's family hac
ever since his time kept up in tile diocess of Carlisle, MI:-
Charperitier owed the direction of her summer tour."
Our readers, of course, will be anxious to pos
sess this work themselves, but we cninot reti-aii
from indulg-ing ourselves by quoting some of the
correspondence at this eveiitfiu eepochl of lhi
liff. Thie following is a letter to his aun t n11 the
subject of his matrimn onial steimie :
7'o Jiss Christian I'uthe;fotd, Ash/esticl, by Kdl/ic':
'" Has it ever happened to you, my dear Miss Christy
in the course of your domestic economy, to meet with a
drawer stuffed so very, so extremely full, that it was very
difficulttto pull it open, however de.irous you minghit bie to
exhibit its contents ? In case this miraculous event has
ever taken place, you may somewhat conceive from thence
the cause of mny silence, which has really proceeded from
mry Ihavinglr a great deal to comiminicate so much so that
I hardly know how to begin. As for my affection anc
friendship for you, believe mle, sincerely, they neithilr
slumber nor sleep, and it is only your suspicions of' thcir
drowsiness which incline nle to write at this period of a
business highly interesting to me, rather than when I
could have done so with certaintv-- enm Hem It must
come out at once-I aim in a very fair way of being imar-
ried to a very amiable young woman, with whom 1 formed
an attachiment in the course of my tour.
Sue was born iln Franc-c-her parents were of English
extiacimon--the name, Carpenter. Shie was left an i,rpha,
*.,i-, ill life, a;)d educated in Elnland, and is at p'.s.'nt
under the care of a Miss Nicolson, a daughter of tlie late
Dean of Exete-r, who was ,in a visit to her relations in
Cumberlanid. Miss Carpenter is of age, but as she lies
uider great obligations to tile Marquis of Downshire, who
was her guardian, she cannot take a step of such inmport-
ance without his consent, atnd I daily expect his final an-
swer upon the subject. Her fortune is dependent, in a
great measure, upon all old and very affectionate brother.
He is commercial resident at Salem, in India, and has set-
tled upon 1her all annuity of 500. Of her personal ac-
complishments 1 shall only say, that she possesses very
good sense, with uncommon good temper, which I have
seen put to the most severe trials. I must bespeak your
kindness andn friendship for her. You may easily believe
I shall rest very much both upon Ri[-s R. and you for giv-
ing her the carte de Fpays when she cones to Edinburgh.
I iay give you a hint that there is no romance in her
composition ; and that, though born in France, she has
the sentiments and mainncrs of an Englishwomnjn, and
does not like to be thought otherwise. A very slight
tinge in her pronuniciiationl is all which marks the foreigTi-
or. She is at present at Carlisle, where I shall join her as
soon as our arrangements are finally made.
"Some difficulties hai:ve occurred in settling matters
with il my father, owingf to certain prepossessions, which
you can easily conceive his adopting. One main article
was the uncertainty of her provision, which has been in
part removed by the safe arrival of her remittances for this
year, with assurances of their being regular, atnd even lar-
rer, in future, her brother's situation being extremely lu-
crativc. Another objection was her birth: 'CCani ainy good
thing co,:me out of Nazareth V' but as it was birh merely
and solely, tills has been abandoned. You will be more
interested about other points regarding her. and I call only
say that-though our acquaintance was shorter than ever
could have thought of forming such a connexion upon -
t was exceedingly close, and gave inc full opportunities
or observation ; and if I had parted with her, it nimut have
>ecn forever, which both parties began to think would be
I disag-reeable thing. She hias conducted herself through
he whole business with so much propriety, as to mllake a
trong impression in her f-avor upon the m-inds of my ta-
her and mother, prejudiced as they were against her,
rom the circumstances I have mentioned. Wre shall be
'our neligrhbors in the New Town, and intend to live very
quietly ; Charlotte will need many lessons from Miss R.
II housewifiry. Pray show this letter toI M.iss R. with my
cry best compliments. _Nothing can now stand in tile way
except Lord Downshire, who mimay not thiinnk tie match a
prudentt one for Miss C. ; but he will surely think Iter en-
il!ed to judge for herself at h."r a(e, in what she would
1- ', ;, +- ,, } ', u n Tsry
-'i.f e:i, but her person and lace are very ernaginig. Shlhis
L..,iette; her manners are lively, but whlinen hne essarv
an be very serious. She was baptized and educated a
'rot-stlant of the Church of England.
I think I have now said enough upon Ilthis subject. Do
ot write till you hear fromn me again, which will be when
11 is settled. I wish this important event may hasten your
etcrrr; to town. I send a goblin story, with best compii-
ients to the misnses, and ever ami your's affectioriately,
NO.-This superior instrument lihas just beeni iramorted.
Ihe tone of this Piano is powerful miid sxw!':t; the front and
order of Siberia wood, supported by pillars of six square,
e.aing on a platform of ros.ewoold, fiom which there are four
r.hieos, extending to time corners of the instrument. This is
mn:sterpiece of woirkmanship.
Also, for sale, five Pianocs, with splendid mahogany cases.
N. B.-Old Pianoes taken in part pIay.
-'ay 3-3t RICHIIARIL) I)AVIS, Alexandria.
[ ION W"ORKS FOR AI.E.--'l'hc Sulbscier-s will
sell, at private sale, their valuable property, situated seven
i!-s north of Loudon, Franklin county, Pennsylvania, eonsmst-
e of 650O acres oflanid, a large portion of xxhich is best limc-
,;:e, 350 acres unlderc cultivation, withi 50 acres f first rate
eadow, within good tenant housess, bara;i. and welh watered with
,mJd springs.
Also, 5000 acres of mountain l and, a lha-r'e portioui well lilnie;i-

I. The oilier imnprovemuents are, (C;:rrick Furnace, now ini full
frlauion, a large stone merchant mill, saw mill, mansion hourl e,
orns, stables, shops, and the inecessam-y- houses for workmen,
c., all in good order. On ihis property, and convenient to the
furnace, are inexhaustible banks of good ore.
Also, their interest in Mount Pleasant Forge, and the- unex-
red lease, for a term of years, of Valley Forge, both within
'e miles of the Furnace.
The above works are all operated by \West Conococheague
eek, which affords a sufficient supply of' water at all times.
The foregoing properly oll'Oris groat inducements fs those
-ishing to engage, in a lucrative business, and is worthy the at-
lrtaon of capitalists.
If desired, the stock at the establishmentt, consistin: g of 12,-
0 cords of wood, 1,000 tons of ore, sroveral valuable teams of
r-ses, oxen, wagons, carts, tools, patterns, flasks, &c. &c., with
e crop of 150 acres of wheat and rye, can be had by the puir-
For terms, which will be liberal, inquire ofThomas G. M'Cul-
h, E q., Chamubersbur-g, or at the works. (If by letter, ad-
ess Carrick, Pennsylvania )
ap 20--w3w -* DLUNN & BARD.
jiOR SAILE.-The subscriber being desirous to remove
-to Baltimore, will sell that well-known and beautitifl fairm
.-.li):,. ie now resides, called Mattapony, situate inM St. Mary's
iinty, directly on the Patnxent river, and near it:. dfi 'r.7u-
uing nine hundred acres of land. On this f:rnm tliere is -,i cry
provement that may be desirable for conmi frt or con venience,
nristihng of a brick dwelling-honse, two-stories high. with four
mns oni each floor, with a brick pantry and kitchen adjoining,
cat-l:ouse, large corn-house, stables, granary, ice-house, two
rns for tobacco-, cow hmouie, upwards of one hundred feet
ig, with a shed for stabling twenty work-horses ; aI--o, an
erseer's house, and negro-quarters sufihcient to accommorn date
y servants, and all other necessary out-houses. All those
provernentsare in good and complete repair. A large. gar
mn, in good order, well stocked with choice fruit. There are
veral never-failing springs convenient to the house of very
od and pure water ; also a well of good water near the over-
er's house. A steamboat passes by this farm twice a week
mrn and to Baltimore. The river and creek abound ii oysters,
Ii, and wild fowl, in sea.mon. This farm is in fine order, and
the highest state of cultivation, and is at present divided into
htit fields and four twenty-acre lotl, with a sufficient and mne-
r-failing stream of water in each field. All these fields and,
s are well enclosed with good and subslanitial fences. On
d farm there is a large quantity of wood m lying within one
le of a public landing on said river, of which at least ten
musand cords could be spared from tihe use of thle farm fior
e, which meets a ready sale on the landing. The farm may
divided, to suit purchasers, into two farimis, with ain equal
opartion of wood to each farmn. A fiithi-r description is deem-
unnecessary, as it is presullied those disposed to p:umchase
.1 view the farm, and judge finr t lemelves. ;
Trhe terl'mn n nfale will bhe V at mm n, .Ill;nir

7 I I E ( U 111 T M"A N,
[B; 'r[IEODF(UIK s. I'AY.J
t You would have hCen delighted with him. ite was so
unobtrusive, so thoroughly imbued with the spirit of still-
r ness. He was a living rebuke to every thin. ill nature.
C His tongue was a superfllity. 'The rose that unfolds its
Ssoflt leaves noi-ee.ssly in the green-house, and blooms, and
1 withers, and says never a word, had an existence that he
might have envied, or a stream that lapses along delusive-
lv without a ripple, his abhorrence of confusion, exercise,
d and riot, was so deep rooted. I have seen him walk fifty
Yards around an old cow, reclining in the shade, rather
than disturb her cogritations. At school, he used to let the
birds out of t:he cares,., the mice out of the traps., ie would
rather suiter anry pril-ation than speak. It was wonderful.
lie was a statue. A bustle acted on him like a spell. A
stranger put him on the rack. le closed up in company
s like a sensitive plant; and the exquisitively susceptible
h leaves of his mind drew themselves in and shrunk, the
mnomrint lie was driven from the atmosphere of his own
circle. Poor, dear Alfred, to what excruciations he iiimst
have been exposed How the rattle and thunder, the jolt-
i ing, pushing, and pullin:,- and all thie everlasting agita-
a tions and discords of this restless world, must have jarred
r upon his gentle spirit What loathings and thrilling,
o what trembling and shudderings, must have made up the
s history of his existence Have you never observed, my
0 attentive reader, if you are afflicted with any wound, a bro-
ken arm, a gash upon your finger, or a toot encumbered
with One of those visitations of humanity which defy phi-
Iloophy to tell the use of, what a tacit and unanimous con-
sent appears to prevail among all your acquaintance to
bri'ti7 themselves violently in contact with tile affliction ?
So it was with Alfred. Every disturbance pursued him.
He went to a remote country village, and a barrel ofpow-
der x ploded under his window. He visited a vessel of
war iii the bay, but had no sooner set his foot on deck than
orders were given for a salute. He spoit a month in the
We-it Indies, and was driven away by an earthquake. He
was on hoard the steamboat-- when the boiler burst,
and in the Albayiv stage when it oveittirncu,. They' have
lately enlisted lI.;:i in the militia, though a drum sets his
teeth on edge. Poor, dear Alfred my heart bleeds for
hiin. Yet, in a private corner, who ever spoke more to the
purpose ? WVho ever amassed a greater fund of obseiva-
tion 1 Who could unbosom himself to a friend more de-.
lightfully ? Who could whisper in a woman's ear more
persuasively ? How li he pours out his very soul in a letter !
What a companion he would make in a prison What a
husband I What a father What an ornament to socie-
ty, if he could but talk What a happy fellow, if Nature
had given him nerve to bear the crash and riot of worldly life.
I imethim one morning, last summer, on my way to the
Albany steamboat, and ',was pleased to ecarn that lie was
bound on the same journey.
I am going," said he to fly from the hubbub of the
city, and indulge myself for a month with a country life.
Nothing like rural quiet I shall live till I come back to
this infernal bedlam."
As we approached thie ferry, a gigantic, ruffian-looking
personage grasped his arm, with
Have a hack, sirT'
Any oranges, to-day, sir V" said a boy.
': Buy a paper 2" screamed another.
': Out of the way i" thundered a cartman, as the wheel
passed within an inch of our feet.
Clear the road !" bawled a traveller, panting and drip-
ping with baste, thinking he was too late for the boat.
All on board 2" shouted thie captain.
The man rang the bell. The steam was let off, burst-
ing by fits from the pipe, the wheel turned and splashed,
anid the (dusty throng gave way to the green waves.
Thank heaven !" said Alfred, uncovering his ears, and
taking a long breath. "Now for the country."
A shower came up suddenly, and drove all the passen-
gers into tlie cabin. Babies screamed. A lap dog, banish-
ed by the corporation law, began to bark. A gentleman
at our back favored us with random passages from Cinder-
ella, out of tune atrociously. Alfred had armed himself s
with a book, and was striving to read ; but five worthies, t
on the same bench, commenced talking politics, and after i
a few civil preliminaries on the subject of the general state r
of the country, Poland, the Reform bill, the three days,
and the doctrine of nullification, started off upon General i
Jackson and Major Eaton, with that calm and dispassion- !
ate temper which peculiarly distinguishes American gentle-
men on board steamboats, when discussing the affairs of 1
the nation. Alfred shut his hook, leaned back, folded his c
arms, and closed his c-yes. Resignation is a virtue. I felt r
for him from my soul. He is the gentlest of all human g
creatures. But if Major Eaton had shown himself at that t
moment, I would scarcely have answered for the conse- &
q',e nc-s. Indeed, a little miniature danud, with plaid pan- t
snuff-Ibox. asked him if he did not think iiaajor Eaton had V
been sadly misused ? d
"No, sir," replied Alfred. I wish they had hanged r
him ; Ihe has beeni ringing in my oars these si: mor1ths." '
Alfi'-tI shutit lii.s nmoiuth ; thie person shut his box, and the bell d
rang fr blreakfist. Accepling an invitation to accompany hiim
to his retreat, we landed at Newburgh, and crossed omer the f
river to a Farum-lhouse, at some distance in tlhe interior. I ihadl 1
only ti':e to spe tdl a day uand night \pithi him. lie was toed of t.
readling. and had brought with him ;a few v choice authors, to be h
enjoyed in uninterrupted seclusion.
Now,"' said Alfred. as we scated ourselves beneath the low, b,
moss-covered shodl, which fi:moed thle piazza ofthis humble ha- d
bIitation, "' I anm citerinrz upon a kin.I of new eAist nce Hap;- h
piness,' says Addison, 'is an enemy to pminp andt noise;' and, "
believe im%, there is no quiet like that ofan obscure farm-house.
Here tlhe thunder of earls and stages over the trembling pave- it
mnents is mieyr heard. The beating of drums, thle shuffling of IP
crowds, anid all the iii,,] ii]i.,I.l t ..f the town are sirang- '
ers; and where can i.'i,,, .xn..'n.lI a more delightfiul shel- n
ter from these tests iL',, I..,.. ,.- can his memory more o
clearly recall the passages of hliis past life, or his wisdom con- it
ceive plans for the future? HTere, for a time, evil passions.
loose their hold, a holy influence deadens our hatreds, and de- S
fines more strongly thle outlines of our manly friendships. I h
look down on the- world from this scene of repose. There is
no enemy to whom I would not here extend mniy hand ; my bo- v
s>,n owns an unwanted yearning for those who, however belov- ,

ed, anre ov-rlooked and neglected, in tlie revel and riot of the v
town ; awl,, what lufly telilmple softens the heart to adoration like ii
this simple and lovely landscape, reposing in a peaceful beau- g
ty, untainted with the evils of the world ? Here no troubles pi
disturb, no interests clash, no accidents terrify. There is no- tI
thing lil;e rural." l
SWe were startled by a sudden shout from friend Simon, the pe
farmer. After a pretty profane ejaculation, and a sudden rush
by us, sy as nearly to overturn the chairon which my friend was at
seated, he went on shouting-
SJaco!,, run, you lazy scoundrel ; the hogs are in the corn. C(
Hlcre, W'arh ; here, Watch ; seize 'em, boy. Run, Jacob, seize m
'ecn, boy ; run, Jacob ; let down the bars." w
An enormous house-dog, just from the pond, started thronrugh sc
the entry at the call, and, shaking the contents of his saturated hb
hair over Alfred, laid his course, barking furiouiisly, toward tlie ln
intruding, and now alarmed qudrupeds. Simon and Jacob in
shouted; the pigs squeaked ; Waich added to thle clamor ; the of
cows bellowed ; the geese hissed ; the ducks, Guinea hens, and of
all the inhabitants of the fiirm-yard joined the confusion. H
Nothing like rural quiet !" thought I. bi
At supper, we were interrupted by the screams of Jacob.
Friend Simon was promoting his education with the eld ofa rope. pr
Poor Jacob !" said Alfred. se
Poor Alfred !" thought I. No interests clash, n., troubles as
disturb !"' to
\Ve retired to rest early. In the room allotted to us w,,s a clock. tli
'" What a hap'pv thought !" said Alfred. "A clock reminds ci
us that time flies, as it proclaims time passing liou !'
We were jnst sinking into a sleep, when the clock struck ten. tr.
A rattling noise preceded the operation, and the bell might have w
been heard through the whole house. It awakened us regularly thi
throunhlit tile night, at the termination of every sixty minutes. w
What a happy thought!" hi
The next (lay was intensely hot. The sun glanced down I1I
fiercely. The leaves hung on thle trees motionless. The dog tl
lay panting in the shadow, with halfa yard of tongue hanging
from his month. Tlie hens, &c. gathered in silent meetings un- at
der' he carts and hedges. Alfred got his Shelley, and handed ta:
me Milton. Every thing was silent enough. A worl~i inter- ha
rupted us wi'h a mop. of
"CWill the gentlemen please to sit on the other side of the ati
house ). en
Why, what are you going to do ?" inquired Alfred, looking otl
up from his boo]:.,po
Going to wash the stoop," said the fair intruder, dashing a
pail of water over the boards.
We had no sooner fairly settled ourslvos in another situation, re;
than Jacob came by with a load of wuod. 11t
Pretty Poll," said Jacob. of
"Pretty Poll," screamed a voice at our shoulder, in such a
discordant tone, that Alfred again put his hands to his ears. It
was a parrot, whose tongue, thus set in motion, regaled us with no
such choice specimens of colloquism as "'Pretty Poll Pretty th
Poll Ht, ha, ha Huzza, huzza Conme to dinner. Ha, ha, ha.'' th
Alfred looked resolutely at his Shelley. There was a dead onil
silence. He went on with his book, and suddenly turned to me su


Mr. uCLAY said that lie would trouble the Senate witi
lut two or three words only. A.s to the question of fuct
whether there would be a surplus or no surplus, that inus
depend on the extent of the assent given by the [louse e
Representatives to tihe bills which had gone from thi
body. As to the innd bill, it was doubtful whether tha
would augment or dimiinuishi the receipts into the Treasury
b ut if tlie House should not assent to the bill reducing thn
taliid; and to thile various appropriations rendered lnecessar-
by the bills 1 which had passed' the Senate, some of' whicl
were characterized by great extravagance, there certainly,
would be a large surplus on thle 1st of January next. An
here (said MIr. C.) let me observe in reply to thlie honorable
Senator fr'tn Georgia, (Mr. CUTIiTEmT,) that I do not thil]
he does justi-ce to those members of the Senate who ar
usually design-ted as the Opposition, when he supposes i
they were in power they would themselves advocate tih
very measures which now they oppose. I certainly nch
not recollect a single measure to which this remark wil
justly apply. But let me ask the honorable Senator in re
turn, wh-ther, if lie or his friends were out of power, hIt
would not feel hinmiself called upon to oppose some of the
measures to which lie now yields his support' In refer
ence to the army bill, for example, there is, in mlly opinion
lio emiergeincy which readers so great an increase of ou
military establishment at all necessary. There is not thi
;lightest call for the numerous arsenals and armories which
it proposes to establish, nor is there any more justificatior
for tile expenditure of the public money on a lonO list o
useless fortifications. There are many other measures o
a kindred character to which I do not think, in whatever
attitude I might be placed; I could possibly give my assent
But in regard to the fict of surplus or no surplus, the ques.
tion is pei fectly free from all difficulty. Is there a surplus
this amllendmdtent provides for the distribution. Is there
none, then tlie ainendmetnt is inoperative, and therefore
perfectly harmless. Amid h er- iet me call t\f.r attention eo
thle Senate to a view of t'he subjicnt whiicli 1 think littleed
to great weight. It has ben-n suggested by gnolwIem-en op-
posed to the anmwndmenit, that we had better wait until the
next session, and then if we find that any large surplus
has accumulated we can provide for its disposition by law.
Very true. But the diflirence would be this: by imakinii
the provision now, we shall gain one entire year, during
the whole of which time the money would have remained
in the possession ofthe deposit banks. Suppose we come
here next session, and we find a surplus of ten or fifteen
millions in the Treasury ; some measure is proposed as a
proper disposition of it; be that measure wh't it may, it
may be expected to produce much discussion ; anld judgiigr
from all past experience, it will be weeks, andi een moliths
before it will have passed through both Hous:.s of Con-
gress anid received the Executive sanction. Vell ; the
nioney is to be taken out of the deposit banks, and applied
as shall be then determined' on. Now, what it the doc-
trine which was strenuously contended for duri:'g the dis-
cussion of the deposit bill of last session? 2WVre we not
told that, as tile public money hadl cone gradvaily into the
possessionl of thie deposit banks, so it must be pn rinitted to
go gradually out; and that, if a very large amount should
be suddenly called for, great and ruinous pressure imunst be
the inevitable consequence? The same argument will be
urge d again. The deposite banks must have time, and the
result will be that, do what we will, the bill lwll not in
fact come into operation till January twelvemnth. To
save, then, the loss of an entire year, it is important that
we should legislate now. Ifthere is no surplus, the amend-
ment can do no injury ; if there is, we shall gaia a year.
It is, however, objected that there is no fitness, no con-
gruity in an amendment of this character to a fortificationn
biil. But I ask, what subject was the House o'Represen-
atives legislating upon ? Was it not an appropriation bill ?
An md does not this amendment provide for an appropriation
or disposition of the surplus revenue among the different
Slates for greater safety, that it may be reacy wheneve-
here shall be a necessity to call for it ? Surely then, there
s a perfect congeniality between the object of the amend-
nent and the nature of the bill.
The honorable Senator from Connecticut (Mr. NtLEs)
s extremely unwilling to encounter the discipline of popu-
ar opinion, which he thinks thle Senate have heretofore
incurred, but that it has now redeemed itself from the op-
'robrium of all its past errors, and is in a fair way to re-
cover the approbation of public sentiment. Now, there is
10 gentiemlan on this floor who has recurred more fie-
|ucently than he to the aristocratic feature of this branch of
lie Government; and is it not extraordinary that, when a
lisposition of the surplus revenue is proposed aindl advoca-
ed by an aristocratic majority of this highly aristocratic
modly, it >,-ets wvithi hi. f.vuio a'j -,,ppon: nt wN'jhen the
very same measure co:ic 'betlbeo 1hilm h'is rginated by his
democratic friends in tilhe democratic branch of the Govern-
ment, it finds with him no favor. The honorable gentle-
man will not place himself in an attitude to incur popular
displeasure. I submit, theu, whether in consistency he
ught not to vote for this aneasure, now that it comes to him
romi a purer source in the popular portion of the National
legislature. I hope he will be induced by this consider.
ion to give a different vote from that which he seems to
Lave indicated.
As to thle degree, however, in which the last distribution
fill received the public approbation, there is. I believe, no
ifference of opinion. Every where that measure was
railed witii acclamation. Not a single State has been
)und which will venture to refuse its quota of thie depos-
es. That some difficulties should arise as to the Imest dis-
osition of a fund thus suddenly thrown into the State
r'reasury, was to be expected. Some have given the mo-
cy to towns, some have given it to banks, some to objects
f internal improvement. Whether these dispositions of
t were judicious or otherwise, is, of course, a matter on
ihich the opinions of individuals may differ. In my own
'tate there was great diversity of opinion. But the money
as finally been appropriated in a mnlincr which must con-
ince any candid mind that the distrution of the surplus
ras, a beneficent measure, and eminently calculated to ad-
ancc the public good. In reference to Connecticut, and,
idlced, to all the other States, though there has been a

great variety in thie manner of its application, I am fully
ersuadcd it will be found to haxe redounded greatly to
icir benefit. But if any particular State shall prefer to
eave the money in dcposite banks at an interest of two
er cent. they are free to make such a disposition of it.
In reference to the objection urged by an honorable Scn-
:or from Pennsylvania on my left (Mr.-B-cniiANAN,) I must
o)ifess that I do not perceive any great force in it. And I
iust be permitted to observe that hewas one of tle last from
hom I should have expected to hear an argument of that
ort. He says, if we pass this amendment, the effect will
e to check the necessary appropriations of the public mo-
sy for purposes of the General Government. That it will,
I its practical operation, tempt gentlemen fiom tile discharge
f their high duties as representatives of' the entire People
'the United States. But, I ask, has that been the fact ?
[as he seen any sucl~influence exerted by the deposit
II of last year ? What has be'en the character of the ap-
ropriation of public money by, this body during the pre-
mnt session? 3Have not those appropriations been quite
s large as at the last session? I do not object, however,
the fact only which his argument supposes, but to
.c principle on which it proceeds. Its fundamental prin-
ple is distrust in the People, and in t heir Representatives
mid Senat,,s in. Cungne!-. i' ./i w ,.!- ,+"'.t' hy p'3y pa-
iotic man that they will all perform their duty l Let a
ar come, and does not the honorable Senator believe that
c members of this and of the other Houise will do all
liich it becomes men to do whno are intrusted with the
gh duty of providing for the defence of their country ? If
s argument be well-founded, iU strikes at the very root of
c Government, and would, if carried out, prever;t all tax-
ion. Do we not save to the people what we take off of
nation ? His argument, therefore might be urged against
Living any Government at all, for the temptation he speaks
is in perpetual-force, and operates alike against all tax-
ion for the general good. But I find myself insensibly
igaging in the discussion. I forbear, under a hope that
her gentlemen also will limiit their remarks as much as
)ssible, that we may at length get the question.
Mr. EWING, of Ohio, was desirous of submitting a few
marks which he considered due to the occasion. He was
it one who was in favor of collecting revenue tbr the sake
again distributing it, and the gentlemen who placed the
hitter oni that footing lost their argument on him. He had
o such disposition now, nor had he been so disposed when
e deposit bill of last r-.';,ior was passed. It was not
e proposition of this amendment. The proposition went
: the supposition that there would be a surplus. If no
rplus should arise, the clause would have no effect; it

fifty millions of injury to the country. It would be better
to throw thlie money into thle Potomac. Nor was hie dis-
posed to give away tlhe public lands to p,'event the price of
them from coming into the Treasury ; nor was he willing
to give tile public domain at less than its value to a certain
h exclusive set, rather than let all our citizens share equally
t, in its advantages as heretofore. If a surplus arose, he
:t would rather distribute it than avoid its accumulation by
1f measures like these, or- by extravagant appropriations be-
s voud what had ever been known before. If the laws of
it tiie country brought a. surplus into the T-reasury, he would
not wrest the laws for the sake of preventing it, nor would
o he absorb the revenue in lavish and wasteful expenditures,
Y rather than distribute a surplus. If it came into the Trea-
i su-y iin a fair and legitimate minanner, lie would dispose of
y it as it hadl been disclosed of last year. Ile could not see
d the least distinction between tlie two cases. Some gen-
( tlemen had said that they could see no resemblance be-
k twecn the case of last session and the case of this ; to him
" they appeared not only like each other, but the same. This
f amendment was in the very words of the distribution bill
e of last year; it was a perfect fac simile of that bill. Here
0 was certainly some slight resemblance. It was, indeed,
' very true that, while tihe form of the bill was the same,
there might exist a state of things which would make the
0 bill very different in principle. Now, let us see what are
c these alleged points of distinction. Gentlemen had said
- that last year it had been admitted that there would be a
surplus. It was very true that he had admitted it, and
r those who acted with him; but there had been gentlemen
e on the other side who protested strongly that there would
be no surplus. All the difference, then, in that respect,
a consisted in this, that more had been admitted at the last
f session than now. Mr. E. heard none now say that there
f would be no surplus. His own estimate at the last session
r had been that there would be one of ten, fifteen, or cigh-
teen millions, if the appropriations were marked with
any thing like moderation. But both appropriations and
revenue had far exceeded his calculations. But be this as
2 it might, the same argument which had been urged last
e year applied equally well now ; if there was no surplus,
f this law would divide nothing. It was a hypothetical law-
1IHt would ot, inIdeed, agree to pass a law which would
probably be nugatory, but that did not apply to the present
a amendment, because there was every probability that there
would be something, and not a little to divide. They knew
that there was to come in a large incidental sum from the
Bank of the United States; then there were the rn'-, il,.
from the customs, anid the receipts from the public lanid- :
so that when gentlemen came to see the actual figures nex.
winter, he rather believed that they would find not less
than twelve millions of dollars, which must either remain
in the deposit banks or be distributed among the States.
As to the proper time for passing the bill, gentlemen knew
that various deposit banks complained even last year. The
Secretary told Congress that the sudden withdrawal of the
money from those institutions would cause a great shock.
Why not then give him time ? If they waited until the
next session, much time would necessarily be consumed in
legislation, and after the bill passed, the banks would need
time to conform themselves to the new arrangement, so that
it would be past midsummer before a cent could actually be
distributed. There was another reason for legislating at
this time. It would give the deposit banks timely warn-
ing that the public moneys in their hands were not to be
loaned out permanently, for the purpose of investments.
Such a notice would be very important.
But it was said that this practice of distribution, if re-
peated, would become habitual, and that the General Gov-
ernment would starve for want of the requisite appropria-
tions. Gentlemen who urged this objection must have
greatly changed their ground within a few years. The
friends ofthe honorable Senator on his left (Mr. BUCHANAN)
had advocated the doctrine that too much was expended for
the General Government. He held in his hand a report
of a speech made by the hon. Senator fromMissouri (Mr.
BENTON) which seemed to have been carefully considered,
in which that gentleman had endeavored to show that it
required not less than eight millions to put the machinery
of Government in motion. Allowing for extraordinaries,
it might require twelve millions. The gentleman would
remember that they had expended thirty-seven millions last
year, and that he had recommended and strongly advocat-
ed the expenditure of not less than sixty millions, which
was five times the anmmount of his own estimate of the ne-
cessary expenses of the Government. Did not this go to
show that the danger was not that of starving the General
Government, but quite on the other side; that the real
danger was of making the appropriations so extravagant as
to absorb the revenue, let it amount to what it might ? The
expense was not felt, because the money flowed into the
Treasury without direct taxation, but the danger was only
the greater on that account. Who had ever heard of a
Government going backwards in its expenditure ? What
CNv\er.ilieri c i i iJvcr Lce,li able to retreat 1pci'land, it
was true, had freed herselffrom about forty millions-from
an enormous load of taxation, but it had not been without
a mighty effort, a struggle which shook the kingdom. How
could we ever accomplish a reduction of our national ex-
penses, unless we fell on some disposition of the public re-
venue which should induce gentlemen to think what could
lie saved to their constituents ?
BUILDING.--Proposals willbe received at this office
until the l5th May, for supplying five thousand four hundred
square feet of Flogging, of the Seneca Stone, each piece to be
not less ihan twvo feet broad anl four inches thick.
Also, tweuty-two winder steps, seven feet long, twenty-three
inches wide at one end, and eleven inches widtle at the other
end, and to work eight inches thick; also, sixteen straight
steps, seven feet, long, sixteen inches wide, and to work eight
inches thick ; thirty-eight steps, five feet long, fifteen inches
wide, and to work eight inches thick.
For all which stone bills will be furnished. The Flagging to
be delivered by the first of July, and the steps by the first of
i2 T'o be published in the National Intelligencer, Metro-
poliman, and Alexandria Gazette. may I
deceased.-Thonmlas Hopper, a native of Fauquier coun-
ty, Virginia, and son of Joseph and DI)orcas Hopper, died at the
house of Seth Mason, Frederick, Va. on thle 16th March last,

and by his will gives to each of his brothers and sisters, or their
descendants, if any, the sum of two hundred and thliirty dollars,
and provides tliat, if any of then shall not apply within four
years to the Executor, the sum left to such shall be divided
animong those who do apply: the names of his brothers and sis-
ters, as given in the will, are Blaggrave Hopper, William, John,
and Joseph Hopper, Ann Bruminback, Margaret Stephenson,
Mary Hightower, Elizabeth and Leanna Hopper, who seem to
be dispersed in the Western States. I do hereby inform the
said legatees that the estate is altogether in bonds which it_,
not expected to collect sooner thian next winter or spring, aRa
also inf6rmn them that it \will be necessary, on application, to
bring proper 'legal proof of their identity, or, if descendants
apply, whose children they are, &c. &c. I wish not to give
needless trouble, but I have a legal duty to perform; and as there
are many persons interested, I must look to my own safety as
well as their rights. Letters directed to White Post, Clarke
county, Va. will be attended to. SETH MASON,
Executor of Thomas Hopper.
N. B. Editors in the West, particularly in Kentucky and Mis-
souri, will confer a favorby giving this one or two insertions.
op 13-4t
ROOKEVILLE ACADEMY.-The academic du-
ties of this institution will be resumed on Monday, the 17th
T-ci:- r-'. Fi'r:-';"-: 'r.., ,'liraa %os a"i T-i.j, GrePk, Frpncb,
Spanish, andi German languages, Rheioric, Logic, Natural and
Moral Philosophy, Chemistry, Euclid's Elements, Mensuration,
Trigonoinetry, Surveying, Levelling, Gauging, Civil Engineer-
ing, Navigation, Algebni, Conic Sections, Astronomy, and the
other branches of a complete English education.
Thlie well-known morality of the neighborhood, the very few
inducements to vice, and healthy situation of the village, present
advantages to thle student which few institutions possess. Tlie
success whih thIe plan of instruction has met with can br .
judged of by thie patronage which the Academy is noxv ( ,
ing, of fifty or sixty pupils, of whom more than tihrec-iaiii,
are from a distance.
The boarders live with tlie Principal, who, together with his
assistant, supervises their studies, morals, and general deport-
ment, both in and out of school. A prospectus oftlie institution
can be obtained by application to the Principal.
Sterns : Per quarterly session of 12 weeks, for board, tuition,
&c., $33 75, in advance : Modern languages. $6 extra.
ap 4-wcp&2awd4w E. J. HALL, Principal.
N OTICE TO EMPIG ANTS.-The subscriber, be-
ing connected with the Pittsburg lines of splendid Steam
Packets to Wheeling, Cincinnati, Louisville, and St. Louis, in
forms emigrants from Europe and the Eastern States, going
Wrest, also those bound to Texas for the purpose of locating
themselves or colonizing on the lands belonging to the Colorado
or Red River Land Company, that he has made arrangements
for their reception immediately on their arrival at his S!eamboat