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National intelligencer
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00051
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: March 18, 1837
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00051
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text




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WASHINGTON: SATURDAY, MARCH 18, -1837.


- N oo- .' -


PUBLISHED BYI
-GALIES & StATOX.
THRIC7Z A WAEK-dN I;TEtBAYg, THURISTAY& AND MATURDAYS.
Pricefol) 'cyear, wiiZdolldrs )
For ;iit mnwntki, four dollars f PayablcTh adane.


MRt. WEBSTER-.


We are.gratified by the pro'ceediBgs'in New
lrrk, complimentary to Mr. WEB STER. They
Sd.6 honor,'as well to those who united in render-
ing the coirplihent, as to the eminent states-
inan who is the object of it.' They are the knore-
gratifying at they have made us'acquainted with
a'faWt of pec.uliaj interest, and one which will
give 'iafeigned pleasure'to all our readers; we
S allude tothe a'znciation/,'made by Mr. WEB-.
.STER himself, that he has been induced to defer
his purpose of.retiring from -the Senate. Let-
us Bongratulate both the country'and the Senate
Son the.circumstance.
-At i meeting of th'e.political friends, of the
S- Htn,i DANviL WEBSTZRBit, '1ied t fiuterpeian
SHall in the city of New Tork, on Tueaday eve-
ning, the 21st February, 1837, James'Kent was
Called to the Chair, and Hiram Ketchum and
--Gabriel P. Dissosway were appointed Secreta-


-ZI~ -


liee. -
The .object of the nieeting, having" been ex.
S plained, ihe following resolutions were, on meo
tion, duly seconded, and unanimously adopted
Resolved, That this meeting has heard- with deep con
cern of the intentiond-f the Hon. DANIEL WEBSTER to re
sign his.seat in the Senate of the United States, at the
present session of Congress or early in the next session.
Resolved, That while we regret the resignation of Mr
Webster, it would be most unreasonable to censure the ex-
ercise of his right to seek repose, after fourteen years o:
unremitted, zealous, and highly distinguished labors in the
Congress of the United States; but we indulge the hope
that the nation will, at no distant day, again profit by his
rpe experience-as a statesman and his extensive know
ledge of public affairs, by his wisdom in council, and his
eloquence in debate.
-Resotve4, That in tih judgment of this meeting, their
is none among the living or the dead who has given to the
country morejust or able expositions of the Constitution
of the United States; *none who has enforced, with more
luoid and impassioned eloquence, the necessity and impor-
Stance of the preservation of the Union, or exhibited more
zeal and ability in defending the Consiitution from foes
from without the Government, and foes within it, than Dan.
iel'* Wbster.
Resolved, That there is no part of our widely extended
country more deeply interested in the preservation of the
Union than the city of New York; her motto should be
Union and Liberty, now and forever, oie and insepara-
ble," and her gratitude should be shown to the statesman
'who first gave utterance to the sentiment.
Resolved, That David B. Ogden, Peter Stagg, Johathan
SThompson, James Brown, Philip Hone, Samuel Stevens,
Robert Smith, Joseph Tucker, Peter Sharpe, Egbert Ben-
.son, Hugh Maxwell, Peter A. Jay, Aaron Clark, Ira B.
Wheeler, Wm. W. Todd, Seth Grosvenor, Simeon Dra-
.per, Jr., William Aspinwall, Nathaniel Weed, Jonathan
Goodhue, Caleb Bartow, Henry Ketchum, Gabriel P. Dis-
sosway, Henry K. Bogert, James Kent, Wm. S. Johnson,
and John W. Leavitt, Esqrs., be a committee authorized
and empowered to receive the Hon. DANIEL WEBSTER, on
S -his return from Washington, and make known to him, in
._ de fornrf iddress or-,ericre, te-sernifnian which
this meeting, in common with the friends of the Union and
Cbnstitutioqin this city, entertain for the services which
he has'perfrmed for the county; that the committee cor-
Srespond with Mr. WEBSTER, aM ascertain the time when
his arrival here may be expected, and give public notice of
the same, together with the order of proceedings which may
b'e adopted undei these resolutions.
Resolved, That these resolutions, signed by the Chair-
man and Sectetaries, be public hed, when the committee
shall notify the Public of the expected arrival of Mr.
WEBSTERR. I JAMES KENT, Chairman.
HIRAM. KETCHUM; -Secretaries.
cGABRIL P. DIasoswAY, t secretaries.
NEW YORX, MARCH 2, 1837.
SIR: It having been currently reported that you have
signified your intention to resign your seat in the Senate
of the United States, a iumnber of the friends of the Union,
and. theCorstitution, in -this city, were. convened on the
evening of the 21st of last month, to devise measures
whereby they -may signify-to you the sentiments which they,
Sin common withall the Whigs in this city, entertain for the
S eminent services you have rendered to the country. At this
.meeting the Hon. Jas. Kent was called to the Chair, and re-
Ssolutions, a copy of whichI enclose to you, were adopted,
riot onlywith entire unanimity, but with a feeling of warm
Sand hearty concurrence. On behalf of the' committee ap-
Spointed under one of these resolutions, I now have the hon-
S or to address you. It will be gratifying to the- committee
to learn from you at what time you expect to arrive in
this city, on your return to Massachusetts ; if informed
Sof the time f your arrival, it will afford the committee plea-
sure to meet you, and, in behalf of the Whigs of New York;
to welcome you, and to present to you in a more extended
form than the resolutions present, their views of your pub-
lic services. I am instructed by the committee to say that,
r whether you shall choose to appear among uia public man oi
a private citizen, you will be warmly greeted by every sound
friend of that Constitution for which you have been so
distinguished a champion. Should your resolution to reo
sign your seat in the Senate be relinquished, you will, in
the opinion of the committee, impose new obligations upon
the friends of the Union and Constitution.
I have the- honor to be, very truly, your obedient ser-
vant, D. B. OGDEN.
Hon. DANIEL WEBSTER, Washington.

WASHINGTON, MARCH 4, 1837.
MY DEAR SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the
receipt of your letter of the 2d instant, communicating the
resolutions at a meeting of a number of political friends in
New York.
The character of these resolutions, and the kindness of
the sentiments expressed in your letter, have filled me with
unaffected gratitude. I feel, at the same time, how little
deserving any political services of mine are of such com-
mendation from such a source. To the discharge of the
duties of my public situation, somimtes both anxious and
difficult, I have devoted time and labor without reserve,
and have made sacrifices of personal and private conve-
nience not always unimportant. These, together within-.
tegrity of purpose and fidelity, constitute, I am conscious,
my only claim to the public regard; and for all these I
Sind myself richly compensated by proofs of approbation
such as your communication affords.
My desire to relinquish my seat in the Senate, for the
two years still remaining of the term for which I was
chosen, would have been carried into execution at the close
of the present- session, of the Senate, had not circumstances
existed which; in the judgment of others, rendered it ex-
S pedierit -to defer the fulfilment of that purpose for the
*eserlt., -
SIt is my expectation to bein New York early .in the week
S after next;' and it.wiUl give me pleasure to meet the polifi-
- cal friends who have tendered me this kind and respectful
attention in any manner most agreeable to them.
I pray.you to accept for yourself, and the other gentle-
mien of the committee, my highest regard.
SDANIEL WEBSTER.
To D.; B. OODBN, Esq. Neiv York.

The Steam Whistle outdone.-A Mississippi paper says,.
that Steam -Jewsharps are now used to amuse the firemen
on board the steamboats in the far West. *b


COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION OF 1HE UNITED
STATES.-The statements of the Commerce and
.Navigation of the United States, annually pte-
pared at the. Treasury Department, have just
been completed for.the year ending the 30th bf
September, 1836. The following is a suinmary
of the whole, reported to the'Secre'tary b.y the
Register of the Treasury.:
The'imports during the year ending on the 30th Sep-
thinber, 1836, have amounted to $189,980,035; of.which.
therp was imported in American vessels.a171,656,442, and
'in foreign vessels $18,323,593;. The exports during the'
year ending on the 30th September, 1836, have amounted
to $128,6.63,040; 6f which 8106,916,680 were of domestic,'
and $21,746,360 of foreign articles. Of the doniestic arti-
cle's, $80,845,443 were exported In American vessels, and
$26,071,237 in foreign vessels. Of the foreign articles,-
$16,282,366 were, exported in Ameticap vessels, and
$5,463,994 in foreign vessels.
1,255,384 tons of American 'shipping entered, and
1,315,523 cleared, from the ports of the United States.
680,213 tons of foreign shipping entered, and 674,721
cleared, during the-same period. ,
I have also the honor to state that the-registeire tonnage,
as corrected at this office, for he year riding on the 30th
September,- 1836, amounted to 897,774
The enrolled and licensed tonnage amounted to 872,023
And the fishing vessels to 111,304

-. Tons 1,882,102


Of the registered tonnage, amounting, as before
stated, to -
There were employed in the whale-fishery
The total tonnage, of shipping built in the Unit-
ed States, during.the year ending 30th Sep-
tember, 1836, amounted to-
Registered vessels -
Enrolled do -

Tons


897,774
144,680


46,645
66,982

'113,627


S THE SMITHSONIAN LEGACY.-The London He
e raid furnishes the annexed proceedings in the
e Rolls Court, London, in the case of this legacy
United State, of America versus Drummond-Februar
s 10, 1837.
The'bill was filed on behalf of the President of thi
e United States, claiming 100,000, which was-bequeathe
Sto the United States. It appeared that Mr. Smithson
( made his will, by which he bequeathed the bulk- of hi,
e fortune to his nephew, Henry James Hungerford, for life
and after his decease to all and every child and children o
s the said nephew, whether legitimate of illegitimate; and
Sin case he should depart this life without leaving any per
son who should be entitled to the fund, he bequeathed
the whole of his fortune to the United States, to enable
Them to found a college for the increase and diffusion o
Useful knowledge among men."
It was alleged that the said Hungerford had died with-
out leaving any person who. was entitled to the property)
in question. These circumstances, it seems, were-comrn
municated to the President of the United States, who ob
trained an act of Congress, authorizing and empowering
him to sue for the same in England; and he executed a
power of attorney to Mr. Rush, authorizing him to adopt
such proceeding.
Mr. Pemberton (with whom was Mr. Shadwell) stated
the case, and claimed payment of the legacies.
Mr. Twiss (with whom was Mr. Stuart) submitted
that there were several questions to be considered before
the fund could be parted with, even assuming that the
bequest to the children, legitimate or illegitimate, of his
nephew, H. J. Hungc-ford, had filed.
Mr.WB-- y,VwlTo-appeared for the Attorney General,
observed that the Crown was interested in the event of
the bequest being declared void.
Lord Langdale observed that he would not allow any
matter of form to prevent the progress of the proceedings,
but would allow the plaintiff to amend his bill, for the
purpose of making the record perfect. He certainly con-
sidered the title used by the President, in proceedings of
the Courts of the United States, would be the correct one
to be used in all proceedings in this country.
Mr. Rush,,as we understood him, stated that the form
used was, the President oa behalf of the People of the
United States.
Lord Langdale thought it would be necessary to amend
the. bill, so as to state precisely who it was that claimed
the funds, and Show the act of Congress ; arid so to enable
him to decide that he was acting in strict accordance with
the intention of the testator. After that amendment, the
parties might take a reference to the master, to ascertain
whether the children of the testator's nephew had failed.

A Regiment Defeated.-We understand that a
regiment of the Connecticut militia, who had
been on a foraging expedition to the South, have
experienced a signal defeat in the District of
Columbia. Trained in the doctrine that "to the
:victors belong the spoils," they marched to the
capital, and laid siege to the citadel. Their
watchword was Booty, and nothing more, since
of Beauty they were no judges. But they have
been compelled to raise the siege, and, at the
last advices, were wending their way to the
North, heavy and displeased-the forlorn hope
of "the republican-party" of Connecticut.
[N. Y. Com. Adv.
NOVEL DUEL.---The New Orleans correspondent of the
New York Courier and Enquirer, writing under date of
February 27,.has the following paragraphs:
Yesterday a duel was fought in this city, between
Captain Shamburg and Mr. Cuvillier. The meeting took
place with broadswords, on horseback. They paraded at
the proper hour, on fine looking geldings, armed with
swords-took their positions, and waited, like knights of
old, the word to be given for combat. The result was,
that after some close cutting and thrusting, Shamburg had
his hat cleft in twain, and his horse killed under him ;- and
Cuvillier had a division made of his. clothing across his
whole front, leaving, it is said, a slight flesh wound; and
here the affair terminated. The duel was at a public place,
and, from the mode of fighting, a large number of persons
were drawn to the spot to witness the combat."
"The council of the first municipality of the city of
New.Orleans, approved on the 26th ult. an ordinance for
the better regulation, or rather the organization of the
guard and police of said municipality. The new guard is
to be composed of.a captain, 3 lieutenants, 6 sergeants, 8
corporals, and 108 men or privates, all able-bodied and in-
telihgent men, and speaking both English and French.
The salary of the captain is fixed at $150 per month;
lieutenants $90 each; sergeant $60; corporal $50; and
private $45."
The LONDONo QUARTERLY REVIEW,-for December, has
just been published. This work, now under the editorial
management of Mr. Lockhart, is sustained in its pre-emi-
nent stand as a political and literary journal, by the co-
labors of Dr. Southey, Basil Hall, Dr. Barrow, Mr. John
SCroker, M. P. Mr. Milman, and other men of strong ta-
lent. The legal articles are prepared by Mr. Justice Cole-
ridge, Mr. H. Taylor, and Mr. Hayward, editor of the
Law Magazine.
Some idea may be formed of the appreciation of literary
distinction in England, from the single fact that Mr.
Lockhart, as editor of this journal, receives an annual sa-
lary of 1400 sterling (say six thousand two hundred
dollars.) The ordinary compensation for the articles
published in the Review is twenty guineas (or nearly one
hundred dollars) per sheet. Mr. Southey has in many in-
stances received fifty guineas for one article of thirty pages,
and it is believed that he receives an annual salary of two
hundred guineas on condition that he furnish at least one
article for each number.
The powerful talent concentrated in this journal will
Account for the usual sale of nine thousand copies of each
number, at the price of six shillings, or about $5 a year.
It is republished in this country, by Mr. Theodore Foster,
New York, at $2 a year.-Balt. Chron.


A FARM IN THE SUGARLAND FOR SALE.
.uqnyFriday, the 24th day of March next, at 12 o'clock M.
the subscriber will offer at public sale, at the Seneca' Mills, in
Montgomery county, Maryland, a valuable farm in the county
Saforesaid, lying in the "Sugarland Hundred," containing 384
acrd of land. This land lies above -the public road, and is
twenty miles distant, by the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, from
iGe#getown, D. C. The land in this neighborhood is remarka-
Sble for its fertility, and especially for its adaptation to the growth
of wheat, corn and grass.
Terms of sale.--Five per cent. on the amount of the pur-
Ihase money will be required in cash of the purchaser on the
day of sale, the residue in two years thereafter, to be secured
by a bond, with approved security, bearing interest from the'
day of sale, and a written instrument in the form of.a deed
of trust of the premises to the subscriber, containing an authori-
ty to resell the same, after a reasonable notice, in case the pur-
chaser shall fail to pay his or her bond, and the interest thereon.
On the- maturity of the bond and payment of the purchase mo-
ney, the subscriber will convey to the purchaserall the estate of
the heirs of David Peter, which is believed to be unquestiona-
ble, in the premises. The bonds and conveyances to be made
at the cost of the purchaser. If the terms of sale be not com-
plied with it twelve days from the day of sale, the subscriber
reserves to himself the right to resell the premises at the risk
and cost of the defaulting purchaser.
-*JOHN MARBURY,
feb 21-3awts Trustee of the heirs of D. Peter.
GARLAND FARM FOR SALE.-Immediately
after the sale advertised by Mr. John-Marbury, to take
place at Seneca Mills, in Montgomery county, Maryland, on the
24th day of the present month, the subscriber will offer for sale
to the highest bidder, the valuable river bottom farm in the Su-
garlands which formerly belonged to David Peter, deceased,
containing 263 acres of land. This farm lies below, and adjoin-
ing to that advertised by Mr. Marbury. The canal to George-
town passes through it. It is of the first quality for every farm
ing purpose. Terms made known at the time of sale.
mar 13-3tawts GEORGE RUST.
I The two papers at Rockville will please insert the above
till the day of sale.
F" OR SALE, two valuable house and kitchen Female
Servants, one thirty-eight, the other fifteen years of age.
Also, two Boys, one eleven, the other six years of age.
The above servants will be sold for a term of years. They
are sprightly and intelligent, and also of a good complexion.
They are perfectly honest, nothing inducing me to sell but that
of my intention to go West.
Also, the House and Lot now occupied by me will be sold
very cheap. RICHARD H. DAY,
mar 16-eo2w Bladensburg, Md.
VALUABLE PROPERTY FOR SALE.-The
subscriber, being determined to remove to the West, will
sell all of his Real Estate-his Tavern Stand, in Rockvilla,
Montgomery county, Md., known as the FARMERS' HOTEL.
,The house is two stories high, built of brick, 40 feet front, 37
feet deep, back wing 40 feet-a well with a pump initof.excel-
lent water in the yard. Stable 36 feet by 40, with two sheds of
100 feet each. Also, a first-rate garden. This property is very
desirable, it being located on the north side of the public square,
and fronting the Court-.house, and one of the best stands in
the place..
Also, a lot of land containing 11 acres, with a building
thereon. The house is a new one, 18 feet by 24, one and a half
stories high, and built of the best materials, and the land is'in a
high state of cultivation, and well set in grass.
Also, a lot of ground lying in the forks of the roads leading to
Washington and Georgetown, near the Roman Catholic Church,
containing about 2 acres. This land, being in a high state of
cultivation, and well set in grass, would be an excellent situa-
tion for a butcher or gardener.
Any person wishing to purchase the above described property
or any part ofit, can be shown the same by calling on the sub-
scriber, at the Farmers' Hotel, Rocsville, Montgomery county,
Maryland. F. KIDWELL.
N. B. Persons indebted to the subsceiber will call and settle
their accounts immediately. F. K.
feb 1 -cptmar31


EDITORS' CORRESPONDENCE.

SNEW YORK, Mkricu 15.
Money, money, MONEY, is the universal cry
among.the merchants, meehinics, laboiers, every
body, from the hewers of wood and drawers of
Water. down to the Shylock usurers* ahd extor-
tioners, who are getting three aud four per cent
a month for their funds.. Another, or rather a
continuation of the pressure, s6ems to stare us
in the face, and spread gloom overall the com-
imercial aid mercantile meri of our ciiy. Give,
give, GIVE, is still the cry when men are giving
all they have'the power to give. Will 'not Mr.,
Van Buren repeal the odious Treasure order ?
Has he no mercy for.the country ?. no feelings
of independence ? no wish to alleviate distress ?
or is he still determined to -walk'in.thefootsteps
of his predecessor, at -the expense of hazarding
the best interests -of the country ? '
The Van" Buren men of New York have no-
min'ated their candidate for.Mayor. JOHN -J.
MO1iGAN is the man, and the Evening Pot' of
this evening assures its readers thaThe.is- "i.on-
est, upright, intelligent, distinguished," &c.
Mr. WEBSTER is expected in the city every
moment.. Great crowds are awaiting his arrival
at the Battery, and the steamboat landing,. He-
will.be escorted tp his lodgings at the American
Hotel, and from thence 'to' Niblo's, where he
will be welcomed with a speech, and. make a
reply. .
From a letter. published. in the American of
this evening, I- see that Mr.'STEVENSON, our
Minister to London, -denies having written the
letters from England published some time since
in the Globe.
Stocks have again fallen to-day. Sales large,
and the rates from one to five per cent. below
the sales of yesterday. Yesterday there was
also a decline of prices.
The Boston Patriot furriishes advices from
Smyrna to January 26. The whole of Syria
had been thrown into consternation by an earth-
quake on January 1st, which destroyed several
towns and villages. On the evening of the New
Year, a little before sunset, the towns of Tibe-
rias, Japhet; and several. neighboring villages,
were entirely overthrown by this dreadful cala-
mity. The shock extended many leagues. The
towns were a heap of ruins; and, awful- to re-
late, nine-tenths of the inhabitants perished! No-
thing had been heard from Jerusalem or Jaffa.
All the new buildings at Acre were destroyed.
At Seide the French Consul's-wife was dragged
from the ruins with'her leg crushed;
No important news-by the Mails.
Yours.

MARRIAGE. "
At -Paris, on Thursday evening, February 2d, by the
Right Rev. Bishop LUScoMBE, Mr. GEORGE CASPAR
CROWNINSHIELD, son of the Hon. B. W. CROWN-
INSHIE; D, late Secretary of U. S. Navy,.o HABI~ET
ELIZ*BETHi,.datrgmteiortle HRon. DAItID SEARS, of
Boston, Mass.

DEATH.
-Near Culpeper Court House, on Sunday morning, the
12th inst. Mr. GEORGE MERCER, second son of the
lamented General MERCER, who fell at -Princeton in the
Revolutionary War. He had resided.some years in the
worthy and respected family of the rate Jeremiah Strothei,
Esq. and although bereft at his birth of the blessing of
speech and of hearing, yet (by an inscrutable and benign.
arrangement of Providence, which renders' the'remaining
senses under such bereavemerits more perfect and.acute, it
would seem,) he was endowed'with great intelligence and
quickness of discernment.and penetration into the charac-
ter and disposition of men and things, and of passing
events.
.


IWITLMINGTON CLASSICAL INSTITUTE,
O.uaker Hill.-The course of instruction in this In-
stitution, now in successful operation, embraces the Latin, Greek,
and Hebrew languages, Mathematics, and the usual branches of
a substantial English education. Number of pupils limited to
thirty. TERMS.
For the Classics, with strict'attention to the English branches
in which the pupils may be found defective, $160 per annum,'
payable quarterly, in advance.,
For the English branches, Mathematics, and NaturalSciences,
$140 per annum, payable as above.
This covers all expenses, board, tuition, washing, fuel, lights,
&c. Books furnished by the pupils.
References to the following gentlemen, patrons of the Insti-
tution.
DOVER.
Hon.-J. M. Clayton, U. S. Senate.
S WIMINGTON..
Hon. Arnold Naudain, U. S. Senator.
J. J. Milligan, Representative to Congress.
S' NEW CASTLE.
Rev. J. Decker,
J. Couper, M. D.
Hon. J. R. Black, of Superior Court.
Kensey Johns, jr. Chancellor.
Dr. Colesberry.
S SALEM, (New Jersey.)
Rev. A. Heberton,
J. Vanmeter, M. D.
Col. R. Johnson.
PHILADELPHIA.
Rev. Ashbel Green, D. D.
Paul Beck, Esq.
Wm. Young, Esq.
BALTIMORE.
H. Niles, Esq. Editor of the Register.
John Robinson, Esq.
H. B. Pennington, Esq.


- TOCK OF MERCHANDISE FOR SALE and
Tavern for rent.-The subscriber, being anxious to
retire from the mercantile business, offers for sale his Stock of
Goods, consisting of merchandise generally.
Also, for rent, the Store House, situated on the Washington
Railroad, twelve miles from Washington. As to the advantages
of this situation as a place of business, he will satisfy any who
may be disposed to buy him out.
Also, for'rent, his Tavern stand, at the same place, (Belts-
ville, Maryland.) The tavern is large, ready furnished, and
conveniently constructed, with every necessary building at-
tached, such as stabling, &c. The railroad cars stop at this
place four times daily, to take in and put out passengers, and to
receive and deliver produce. The situation is remarkably
healthy; and to'any one who will properly carry on one or both
establishments, offers great inducements. Terms will be very
liberal, and possession given at iny time.
TRUEMAN BELT.
P. S.-I am authorized to rent the Tavern stand in Bladens-
burg, belonging to Mrs. H. Ross. The house has been occu-
pied a long time as a tavern, and holds out inducements at this
time, as passengers stop to and from the railroad. Possession
given immediately, and rent moderate.
TRUEMAN BELT,
jan 21- eotf Beltsville, Washington Railroad, Md.


REV. S. M. GALEY,
Wilmington.


S LATEST FRC M NEW 4ORLEANS.

OFFICE OF AMERICAN, NEW ORLEANS) MARCH 7..
We-are fallenion singular and anomalous times. 'In the
midst of uhexampled prosperity, when all the avenues of
trade are open, when money.is aburdant- for the- ordinary
operations of commerce, we are called upon to record seve-
ral extensive failures involving an amoutit alarming to. the
generacredit. On Saturday,one of our largest and'mot
influential.houses failed for'sEVEN MILLIONS, carrying with
it fullfivemillions more. When and where this is to stop
we know not. The rage for. speculation has -been so
great, that there is no estimating: the amount of responsi-
bilities incurred. It does not appear to have been confined
Sto eal estate. .

S, PPICE or.L RTE AMERICAN,
NEW O LEANS, MARCH 8, 1837.
In the morning, the sun broke out for a few hdurs, and
we ad. it quite pleasant. The streets are still niuddy, and
the Levee in a wretched state. That. part of the batture
opposite he Second Mmnicipality has, however, been high*
an4 dry during the whole of the late rais,-ehowing the
deeiled adiaritages of the late improvements. The river
is rising slowly. Boat after boat from the West continues
to press upon us, laden with the produce of that fruitful
region. In every direction, piles of cotton,rising to twenty
and thirty feet, salute the eye; while hundreds of vessels'
and steamer linol.the deep curve of our harbor, three and
four abreast. Every where the greatest animation pre-
vails. "
Theifailures continue. Today two'more houses went
.by the board. What the effect is .to be upon stocks, we
cafinot say; but, so far as the general.business of the city
is concerned; we do riot apprehend any serious results.
Temporarily,'a slight chebk has been given to that brisk-
ness in business for which- our city has been so remarka-
ble; but a few days will bring all right again. Cotton is
at a stand-still, comps actively speaking. Nothing is record-
ed by the board of brokers. Some few transactions have
taken place out-doors, but they are small, and cannot be
adduced as evidence of the state of the market. The gen-
eral feeling-is to hold off under present circumstafices, par-
ticularly as the difficulties have taken place among the great
Cotton Factors.
SHOCKING DEATH.-Sylvanus Waters, Esq. late of North
Norwich, (New York) was instantly killed in a grist mill,
in Greene, on Friday last. While engaged in doing
something near two heavy run of cog-wheels his clothes
were caught, and he was instantaneously forced between
them, in such a manner as to cut his body nearly in two.
One scream, or part of a scream, was heard, and all Was'
over!
THE INDIAN PORTRAIT GALLERY.-We are glad to learn
that the subscriptions to this work in England are accu-
mulating with unexampled rapidity. The agent, Mr.
CAMPBELL, was sent for through Sir HERBERT TAYLOR, by
the King, in whose apartments he was most cordially re-
ceived, and with whom he held an interview of nearly an
hour. The King read several passages of the work, re-
marking, as he read, upon the beauty of its execution, bath
in a literary and typographical point of view; and after he
had fully examined the volume, was pleased to head the
subscription list with his own' signature. This was
a most gracious favor; we believe almost unprecedented.
The King has refused his sign manual to most ofthe works
sent for. that purpose through the chief officers of his pal-
ace; and it is extremely flattering that he should have th0s
bestowed it so efficiently upon an American Droduction.
-. Ph .z.d.. dr-,
'"^L .f- m. reaud/, eu;tenant and commander of
the F~ich galliot-the Betirnaise, has communicated to
the French Academy of Science some observations con-
cerningthe tides on the coast of Guayana,in South Amer-
ica; thft highest take place three days after'the full modp,
and sometimes rise from 35 to 40 and 75 feet in the-chan-
nel of the Tourlouri, and other places: which observations
.have beelp confirmed by those who have been run ashore in
consequence of theNinability to calculate on such a decrease
of water as the retiring tide would occasion.--New Era.
The lMissing Whalers.-TTo ascertain the fate of the six
Aberdeen whale ships that aresupposed to be locked up in
the ice, a premium of 3001. has been offered by the Admi-
ralty to each of the first five English or Scottish vessels
which should sail before the 5th of February, provided they
make the best of their way across the Atlantic, and reach
the edge of the ice to the southwest of 55 lat. and a'bounty
of 500N1s to be given to each distressed vessel, the crew of
which is relieved while struggling within the edge of the
ice, and a sum of 1,0001. if the crew is relieved while fixed
in the ice.-New Era,
MADAGASCAR SUGAR.-A new competitor is about to
come into the market with the East and West India sugar.
sugar of a fine quality is how manufactured at Madagas-
car, and sells at $5 75 the hundredweight, and it is said
that ari American ship has already entered on commercial
transactions in that island, for the purpose of purchasing
its sugar.


TO THE TRUSTEES OF THE ROCKVILLE
ACADEMY:- GENTLEMEN : At this.early date I re-
spectfully apprize you of my wish to dispense with the scholastic
portion of my labors, arid my intention to resign the office o.t
Principal of thd Rockville Academy on the 14th of April next,
which day will terminate a connexion with you, as a Board, for
fifteen years. .-In the. anticipation of.surrendering into your
hands the trust confided to me, I assure you, gentlemen, L have
great pleasure in the recollection that, during this whole period,
no circumstance has ever occurred to interrupt, for a moment,
the harmony and friendship subsisting between us. It is, more-
over,.very gratifying, to me, sodn about to retire, to leave the.
academy in a highly prosperous condition, having nearly one
hundred pupils, with two.competent, faithful, and efficient teach-
ers in.the'Mathematical and English departments. In the hope
that, under the direction of Divine Piovidence; ydI- will be able
to select a Principal possessing the necessary.qualificationsand
.weight of character for the highly responsible office, and with
my best wishes for the lasting prosperity of the institution under
your care,
I am, with sincere -regard, your obedient servant,
JOHN MINES.
R'ockville, Jan. 14, 1i37. .
Asit will be seen ffom the foregoing communicationto the
trustees of the Rbckville Academy, that the Principal, the Rev.
John Mines, has resigned the office of Principal in that institu-
tion, a vacancy,'therefore, has occurred; and the trustees wish
to engage a gentleman of high moral character, who cari teach
Greek, Latin, the .higher branches of Mathematics, Moral and
Natural Philosophy, and Geography, and who is thoroughly ac-
quainted with the duties of an academy. To such a one, the
salary will be four hundred dollars per annum from the State of
Maryland, and the privilege of taking thirty-five-scholars, each
of whom will pay twenty dollars a year for tuition. The trus-
tees would state that few villages hold out more inducements for
an academy than Rockville. The health of the place is not ex-
celled by any in the.State, and the society is as good a that of
any village in the Union.
The undersigned committee will-receive applications for the
situation of Principal until Wednesday, the 22d day of -March
next, when an examination and election will take place. It is
expected that the Principal elect will enter upon his duties on
Monday, the 17th of April. All applications must be accompa-
nied with testimonials of character.
JOSEPH H. JONES, )
JOHN COOK, Committee.
SAMUEL C. VEIRS, m
P. S. Communications must be post paid'. .
mar 1-!-aw4w
"q.OTICE.--The subscriber will sell from 1,000 to 12,000
.tl cords of Fine Wood, standing on his plantation, near Har-
ris's Lot Post Office, Charles county, Maryland, for the low sum
of seventy-five cents per cord, or at a lower price, according to
the number of cords wanted. The hauling, either to the Poto-
mac or Wycomico rivers, is convenient; two and a half miles
from the former, and two from the latter. Some of said pines
are from twenty to sixty feet high, and'free from knots, boughs,-
or limbs, nearly to the top, and from 8 to.12 inches square.
M. LLOYD,
Harris's Ldt, Charles county, Maryland.
feb 28-3taw3w
B UCKLAND'S GEOLOGY.-Just received from
the publisher, GeQlogy and Mineralogy, considered with
reference to Natural Theology, by the Rev. William Buckland,
D. D. For sale by GARRET ANDERSON,
mar 15--3t Penn. Avenue, between 11th and 12th sts.


P UBLIC SALE.-=By o irtueof an order of the Orphanp'
.Court of Prince George's County,. the subscribers will
sell, at public sale, to the highest bidder, at Gradep, the resi,
dence of the late Levi 'Gantt, on Saturday, the .11th day of
March next, if fajr, if not, the Monday following, a largeorop of
excellent Tobacco, hanging in the houses; also,. apair of latre -
and well broke-work Oxen. The tobacco crop will be offered
one house at a time: .
The terms of sale will be -six months' credit, the putrhaser to
give bond, with'approved security, hearing interestfrom the day
of sale. JOHN BOWIE,
SARAH S. GANTT,
'Admi'rs de bdnis non, of Levi Gantt,
feb 18-3t.awtds with the will annexed.
The above Sale has been postponed to Wednesday,
22d inst. -. mar 14
VALUABLE POTOMAC LANDS d&. THREi
FISHERIES FOR SALE OR RENT.-With
a vie w to a further removalto Alabama, the subscribers will sell
their Deep Hole and Farm Plantations,.adjacent, containing two
thousand seven hundred- ahd twenty-eight acres, lying upon
Occoquan bay, from the junction of Occoquan river'to Niabeco
creek with the Potomac, anid bounded on -the west by the old.
mail stage road to Colehestei, along which the contemplated
railroad from the South must be constructed. The farm and fishe-
ries are of easy-access, by land and water, about 18 miiles frpm
Alexandria, three from Occoquan, and one from Colchester.
These are unquestionably the most fertile Jands in Prince
William county-adapted to the growth of wheat, corn, tobacco,
oats, timothy, &c. and highly susceptible of improvement by
clover and plaster. The Occoquan mills and factoryare a conve-
nient.market. The overseer's house,'barns, quarters, wheat
machine, fencing, &c; are in cprrespl9nding condition.
The Deep Hole 'fishing shore'is known to be among the beat
upon the Potomac. The Farm Marsh .(or Mud Haul fishery ha
been fished several years successfully ; also the Plum Tree fish-
ery, between the two. Houses are on each.shore.. There, is
abundant sea-room for seines of the largest class.
Many hundred cords of wood might be cut and sold on the
land, immediately on Neabsco creek, for which there isa constant
'demand; and there might still'remain sttfficitnt wood-and timler
for the use of t d *"state. .
The winter fisheries and ducking shores are.alsovaluable.
Liberal terms a.e offered. The fisheries, well managed, will
more than pay the interestof cost. One-fourth cash; the bal- *
ance in three equal annual instalments. Possession maybe giv-
en at the ensuing Christmas.
Such an opportunity is rarely offered for judicious investment.
Fdr terms, (if by letter, post paid,) apply to William Hindman,
Esq. Baltimore, or to the subscribers.
BEN. OGLE TAYLOE, Washington, D. C.
WM. H. TAYLOE, Warsaw, Va.
aug 20-d&ctf


S&.


S.YOL. XXXVII1.


- -- P--' -- ----


~a --'~ ~ ,~ ~ 1 ara7~a


-s~--~ -~b ~L~L. I Il Ir


- -- % 'k -- -- I-.- mwmmpvq -


I


APPOINTMENT BY THE PRESIDENT,
By and with the advice and consent of.thel Senate.

COLITECTORS OF THE CUSTOMS.
'JOHN ANDERSbN, Portland, Maine, March 11, 1837.
JOHN 1. SCAMMAN, Saco,' MaAine do.
BARNABAS PALir4,.KednebinInki Maine,- do.
MARK D'ENENr, York, Maine, do.
SCUYLt R SAMPSON, Plymouth, Mass., ao.
WALTERRR. DANFORTH, Providence, R.'; 'd.
NOAH A. PHIELPS, Middletown, Conn. db.
WI*TjIAam H. ELLIS, New Haved, Coni. do.
JOHN WILTgS, Oxford, 'Maryland, Maych 9.
'SAMhEL STARKWERTHER, buyah6ga, Ohio, March 11.
P. R. R. PRAY, Pearl riter, Misi. do..
SURVrYvvoS OF TrH CUSTOMS. .
CHARLES DU!R-E Tivertoh, Rhode'Islad, March 11.
GEORGE BROWN, Pawcatuck, Rhode Island, Mardh 12.
JAMES MOSHER, Baltimore,, arylandi Maich 11.
-JOSEPH PRENTISS, Suffolk, Virginia, March 10.
SMYLES ELLIOTT, Jr., Hartdord, N. C: March 14.
REGISTERS OT THE LAD OFFICE.
CHAILES B. FLOOP? Marietta, Ohio, March-9.
EDWARD A. HANNEDAN, Laporte, Indiana do.
.JOSEP KITCHELL, Palestine, Illinois, March 5.
STEPHEN A:. DOUGL4SS, Springiicid flinois, Mareo .
RECEIVERS OF PUBLIC MONEYS :
EDWARD HtMMPHRfys, Kaskaskias, Illinois, March '
GuY W. SMITH, Palestine, Illinois; do.
APPOINTMENTS BY-THE -PRESIDENT.!
COLLECTORS OF THE .CUSTOMS.
DENNY McCoB'B, Waidoboro' ,Mairie, March 11.
JAMES N. BARIER, Philadelphia, Penn. do.
GEORGE W. TUCKER, Little Egg .Harbor, New Jerse,.
March 11.

.ALEXANDER MAN-NING, .
iATrTORfNY AT LAW, .
NATCHEZ, MISSISSIPPI. .
feb 21--cpa .
HIS IS TO-'GIVE NOTICE-that the subscriber
I Thas obtained from the Orphans' Court of Charles county,
in the State of Maryland, letters of administration on the personal
Estate of Benedist.Jameson, late of said county, deceased. All
persons having claims against the said deceased are 'hereby
warned to exhibit the same,.with the proper vouchers thereof,
to the subscriber on or before the first day of Januaiy, 8;
they may otherwise, by law, be excluded from all benefit he
said estate. Persons indebted to the estate are requested to
make immediate payment.
WALTER P. BOARMAN, Executor,
mar 17--w6w Bryantown, Charles co. Md.
NfEW HAVE N BOARDING SCHOOL FOR
-.L YOUNG LADIES.-Miss GILBERT and Miss
EDWARDS, havingconsiderably enlarged their dwellinghouse,
are now enabled to accommodate about thirty Boarders-very-
'conveniently. Some of their scholars having c.om.pleted the
term for which they entered, will return home, and afford
a few vacancies the ensuing term, which commences on the' 1st
of May.
Their card of terms, with references; will be forwarded to.
parents and guardians on request.
feb 28-10t New Haven, Feb. 24, 1837.
A TEACHER WANTED.-The Trustees of West-
wood School wish to engage a Classical Teacher for the
present year. The situation is healthy, and the neighborhood
agreeable. Apply to JOSEPH A. TURNER,
Near Horse-head, or to
JOSIAS YOUNG,
feb 21-3tawlmo Near Upper Marlborough.
A TEACHER WANTED.-We| wish to engage a
young man who is well qualified to teach the Latin and
Greek languages; also, all the other branches of an English
education. One who can come well recommended can obtain
a situation. We wish him to take charge of the school about
the 1st day of April, and we are willing to pay a fair compensa-
tion for lthe services of one that will suit. The number of scho-
Inrsa %ill be from sixteen to twenty.
I-iuerr nddrtr "?eJ to either of l ia designed wiU be an-
Ic.a 4jes4nifmalteir-. WILLIAM : STEPHENSON,
JAMES G. FICKLEN,
feb 8-2-awtf Near Winchester, Va.
F OR RENT OR SALE.-A new Brick Tavern es-
tablishment, in the town of Lewisburg, opposite the
court-house, nine miles froni the White Sulphur Springs, and
twelve miles from the Blue Sulphur Springs, and on the main
stage line fiom Washing ton and Rihmond to Gyanotte,on
the Ohio river. The house is 80 feet in.length, and 50 in width,
three stories high, with thirty-one fineie sized rooms, and the
kitchen in the basement story, and a large tew stable, and with
all other necessary out-buildings..
To any gentleman that will furnish the house, and can'come
well recommended; I will give one year free of rent.
Letters to be addressed to DAVID S. yCREIGH, or
Col. THOMAS CREIGH,
feb 20-3taw2nd&c Lewisburg, Va,
SAND FOR SALE.-The subscriber, being desirous
L. to remove his servants-to the South, will sell, at private
sale, the estate upon which he-resides, two miles south of Up-
per Marlborough, containing 640 'acres.. The land is of first
quality, and in the highest state of cultivation'; -80 hogsheads of
Tobacco, 3. -to 5 hundred barrels of Corn, and good crdps of
small grain, may bea'nnuallyraised upon this. property. On
this estate, there are two Dwelling, houses, nearly new, eight.
Tobacco houses;'twovb Corn houses,'negro quarters, and all other
.necessary out-buildingbs. The undersigped will. sell the whole, '
or either half of this plantation, being peculiarly well located
for division, either'half having a" Dwelling house, four Tobacco
houses, all other necessary out-houses, and sufficieney of wood"
and.water. Terms tillbe made to suit the purchasers. -
dec 6-cp3m PHIL. CHEW.


S JEFFERSb$ONi CLLEGE.-
The Medical Graduates of Jeferson College, Philadel4hie,
,for the year 837, ..
: Dudley Allen, Ohio,. on Pleuro-peripienumoaoa.
Wm. N. Anderson, Va. Diabete ..
S.Wm. J. Anderson, Ga., Intermittent Fever.
Colunmbus Beach;.N. J,- The Pulse.
.Louis H..Beatty, Del.. .lood-letting. .
Robert B. Banister, Va,- Ulcers. '
tobert L. Blakely, Ya, .Plegmasia of Lungs. -
Alexander Black, Pepn.' Chtonic Bronchitis.-
SJanms W. Burhett;Va. Compression ofBra. -i a
Jarhes'B. Bush~, Ky.- The Circulasion.,
SThomas H. Browne, Mass.Blaod-letting.
Jos. W, Bronaugh, Va. Puerpefal-PeritoniLt,
.J.amis L. Brooks, D. C. On .the'Urine, d&. '.
C. T. Chamberlain, Del.* Raoaialgtisf -
Wi. Coryell, Pa. Local DIseases. ';
John, H. Cassel, Pa. Sciqecne eof MC eitt '
Patrick Cassidy, Ohio, .Metaphys.s. .
Fred. A. Cadwell, N. Y. Phthisis. ..
Albert G. Conway,*Va; Fevel. "
H. W. Chapline, VA. Blood-letting. -
Samuel S.Coffin, Tenn. Choltra. '
E. A. CAiriei.ya. I nt itenat a W *
'Phs lnr, Mass. Disea.'smmofwomnamdi 4th e
34,4 R. I. 1odtA4.
Phi llng Va. Syphftis. -
S .Rio 'a[s,Va. Dysntery.
S Josiah a niaaPotr .
e. Sn. naria Canadeasig. .
Janatha o. r
SJonathan Economy.
Saac. Operandi 6fUedj
Robert T. dibbsrVa.
'Michael Garst, OQhio, .' -
James M. Green, Ga.
S. M.E. Goeen-Pa. hielgiis.
Barzillai Gray, N erniite l. -er.
Edwin Griffis, L. Y. Y Crrfcuss)e oi in.
W.in: T. Green, N;-Y. Aoutb Rheumaiam. .
Sherman Goodwin, Ohio, Burns.' .
Robert B: Hall, Va. Tetanus. -
SHoward- H. Hopkins,.Pa. Scarlatina. '
Wm. M. Hunter, Ireland,-Hvdrochephalu -
Levi G. Harley, Ohio, Cataract. '
David M. Heiniing, Ten. Malntia. "
. Fred,:R: Farvey, N. H: Ranllialgiti" ,"
James W. Henry, Md. Cinchona.
Wm.., Howard,Milf. Herqhi.
Jas. B. Hutchinson,-'O.bio AeshminA. : .
Thomas J: Johnsc.n,0a: Caul.ri catl .
Josiah J. Janney, Wa. Typhus:--
John A. Jordan, Tenn. Angina Pee aris
Jos. B. Jones, P,.. flHydrocephOUus.
Alexander J. Jonais, Del. Marriage.
Richard S. Key, Indiana, Pucr.eralF -F
Theod. J. Krouse, D. C. Remitient er. "
Thomas K. Kerr, N. Y. 'Mediate Au'culhatioi. "
Joseph C. M. Kane, Pa. Cantharides. .
Robert F. Kennedy, Va. Apoplexy. .
Richard G. King, Miss. The Coagulation dtheB Blood.
Thos. Kittredge, Mass.' Rhetmatisnm. -: -;
Wm.-L. Knight, Ohio, Hydrocel, lu s. -,
Fred. C. A. Kellam, ) Acurte Dlysetery.
John Leaman, Pa. Emetlies '
Win. C. Lawrence, N. Y. Practria Anatomy.
Win. B. Lewis, Va. Iodine .
Gab. Lachance, Lr. Ca. 'Chole.'. .
Jno; A. Morrison, Pa. Typhuts.
John C. Murray, Pa. Inflinmation;
E. E. Marcy, Mass. thelrifluence bfthe Miadin -Uar;
S ing diseases.
Robert M'Clean, U. C. -Croup,.
Jno. H. Marable, Tenn.' Amenorrhea.
Wm. H. M.'riwether, Ten.-Curved Spine.
Jno. A. M'FPrland, Pa. Croup.
James M'Clelland, Pa. Aneurism.
Wm. H. Muse, Md. Gonorrhea.
Wm. R. Morrell, Maine, Apoplexy. .
Daniel M'Gill, N .. Puerperal Fever.
Win. G. M'Bride, Gde. ,erifi Medicines. .
Otis M'Trnc!d, D. C-, iu --
Mlilton R. May, Va. P'rehitis..
John F. Miller, Va. Diabetes Mellitus.
.Richard M'Intoslh, Va. Cold: .
Geo. L. Nicolson, Va. Malaria.
Thomas W. Neal, Va. Innervation;
L. V. Newton, Pa. Rubeola;
D. S. Newell, Mis. Cholera.
*B. L. Philips, Mis. Inflammation.
Hillary Pitts, Md. Acute Rheumatism.
Ely Parry,'Pa. Diseases of the Teeth,
Saeo.'R. Robbins, N. J.J Cioup.
James L. Reed, Pa. .Mania.-
RosH B. Richaidson, Pa. the Intestinal Veins;.
S Wm. H. Slter, Pa-. Intemittefit Fever;
SJno: Seiberling, Pa. Puerperal ConytilsioUs.
Willington.Stanbery,'O. Hoping Cough. ----.
Charles Schussler, N. Y. Prosopalgia. "
John S. Stout, N. J. Acute Hepatitis.
SNap'n J. M. Smith, Va. Chronic.Hepatitis.
H. W. Stakhouse, Mi. Tartarized Antimony.
P. E. Smith, -Ky. Acute Hepatitis.
David See, L. C. Scrofula.
- Blin S. Sill, N. Y. Go.ut.. .
'Charles Skelton, N. J.- Electricity. .
Jno. W. Stearris, jr, N.Y. Chronic Diarrhoea.
Lawrence F. Storm, N. Y. Arthrosa- Aeuta.
Danie'l Thdmas N.Y. Masturtiation. .
Thos. G. Turton,-Md. Rheumatism.:
David Trimble, Md. Scrofula.'. '-
G. A. Tompknis,-Va. PFlatulent Colic.
Wm.-S. Thruston,-Va. Strictures of tie Urethlra. "
Geo. S.-Thornas, Va. Menstruation.
Thomas C.-Tebbs,.Ky. Cholera. .
Pernett Thomas, Ohio, Pneumonitis. .;---.-
SJohn. Wiley, N. J. Intermittent Fever. '
Jas. Q. Williams, Ma. Variola. -
SAbraham D.-Wily, Pa.. Acute Rheumatism. .
Samuel Webster, Pa. Diet.
.James W. Wilson, Pa. Croup.
Jno.. R. Wallace, S: C. Typhus. .
Lucius T. Wootten, Va. Delirium Tremns;.
-Elijah Young, Ohio, Indigestion. -
.Henry Zeller, Md. Bilious Fever.
Horane H: Hayden, Baltimore. .
Robert Thompson, Pennsylvania. .
John H. Kain, Connecticut.
inar 17 '


jan 3--2aw3m









DEBATE 1IN TI'H
SPEEHGH OF. M- BAYAR
OA the Expiung'Ig I

MONDAY, JAN.A"
S Mr.-3A kARD said that, 'noti
before bad an opportunity ofxxpres
subject noiw under discussion, yet I
'" *willlnk'at this late- hbur to have tme
.attenlibn of the-genate, had .he
*vl~f~ft heawe'd to himself and t; h
cents to contend and piotestagai!
believed to be'a violation of tke *CQ
constituents, fpr, irt my theory ef tl
all the representatives of the Peoplc
tlifferent manmer. Every ihfracti
S- hoever'Bnimportant'it.may appear
-4uenccs, tends to diminish the ge
stability of our Gdvernm'ent, and'
.to-'it'; and as'the People of ithe St
part, to represent are devotedly atla.
itnd feel that their politicarexisten
it, that in it.thy live, and rnove, an
: pbtitinal community, I-say, sir, it is
-them tb0 c6n'tenJ tb- the utternost.
*' whatever thus incidentally affects t
:which I oywe to: mygehf, as 1. have
.. whatever affects'the character and
S..whith" I-am an humble-meniber.
I have no 'intenti6n,- Mr. Piesid
anoti'veA whicF may lea& gentlemen
tesolutioi.. The motves pf every
property; and tshis actipn-here,'ant
Str, is under the'- action of a-n oa
sponsfbility.only to his .conscience E
. -' say, sir, that fhu .a&dt.whichis now -
..sacrifie. o the Mkoloch ofpa'rlr spi
it is a homage to -n idol resembliri
'nese pay.to household god %%he
Iittle-piece'of gilt paper as the hun
S. nd adofat6n-. -Nor can say, 4ir
smooth the ma'ne and Qatm the raa r
vi'ws belorig to the class A o tive4
thing tode. but, sir, r-have'sdns
'thing to d6 with' thp doctrines' advat
here, which become parto'f th6.cbrti
-from'the:na'tur6ef fhe act dore, 'an
of the reasons ivei for iE Il-r-li
'foetetool'of execttive,.ower, I Ce.
'est.in the matterr, which not onty j
makes it a'mater.ofd'rty f&"cxpreas
' -to record my vote.- Aud,-sir;it bmc(
S ry ad-proper tp express-those. oplni
ipteof'expunction be adopted, I hi
eco d of that vote ma not be dc
houd become expedient to give t(
earance of unani ous-approbation
i .What is it;'it,'we are'called ujo
wrong u'nwittiiI.;. and we mu
,tlar and precise i edtifthe act tO I
._"-we arp called upo to x*unge from
'' resolution, Iqt' infact-and in :tir
S'The same mind which miphtconte,
.. tlan with indifference would regard
S To a mind 'ecklesi o consequences
whlich.looks only to the present, am.
'-insulated event, haig. no 'elation
'and ro influence on what.is' to foil
ournal.-may seemn a very harmless
such a mind-might be brought'to re
S .ttre same measure When it imported
truth, or the assertion of a falsehooi
crime are stealthy ind& mysftriious';.
mask;.vict pays to-virtue the hof
: form ; the. knave puts. on the clak
.. gogue becorhesthe friend bf-th6 Peo
imy purpose to show that'to -expunge
SJfalsify a.recor:d.
Let me now draw the attention
terms ofthe'resolutionm It-professes
S"be done, and the reasons: fo. doing i
.the act-itself. 'It' is decribed in -the
Resolved,. That. ti said resolve.
journal, and: for that purpose.that the S
at snqh time as.tht, Senate may'appbi.n
sciipt .atrnral of the -session of 1833-'4
the presence of the. Senate draw black
solve, and write ac-oss -the face .there
following Wordsr Expunged-by opder

-ang e;in_~j~-.bsn _r^ Vt in
b" b ne to expunge! *first.
conveys 'the Whole idea, and ift the r
there, with the simple assertion that
take placn, there cannot be a ,dodl
Would have been autho.rized'"o blot
journal the objectionabte passage.- T
-(Mr-.:BuoIANA.N) h"s gone into a c
the meaning of the term expunge, an
instances of"itq use in a-metapjorica
th.a, because the word-may be useir
this ihstafice a harmless metaphor.
er literal Or metaphorical, it impurts
beauty and force ofth'e-metaphor'
* pends: on .(he' precise meaning of i
.. :The -term expunge means literally. t
ports destruction'; bor, in other words
thing which has ari existence shall ce;
the.terrp is at any time' tsed' litefa
will depend -on ithe sibject-matter
T,hus,.in some of the instances- given
Penlisylvania,'as in the -ce- "to
.douibt'the word isirsed iietaphpric;
whiole'iforce ind anlie of. the 'express
ral meaning; and import that those si
a'mbrl exitenCe as reasons for.tl:
A ".nd whenn fsed as applicablee to a s
is anotherinstance given by the Sen
that stch smetion shall cease lo have
The- Senator asks whether, ifa re
-sectien ofa iill should be' e-xpupgel
piroeeed Io .qiiterate it? I answer
--vf.oir'proceedings if i&snot necessary
word, because the ptrrpoge. jeffectta
iag'hi-bla.c*1ines across it, or simple
the word expunged for in effect'it
to ha4e any legal existence; andif
to'be.engrossed for -a hired reading
":' puitnge*fand-be omitted bithe'eng
.neveiexisted. But the authority'c
.' such "a, resolution isliteially to erase
tibn. Sech, als, -is :the ase when
"relation te a part efthe journal, anc
.blot-otit o(..bliterate'from its face t:
be e punged: But it ijsaidthi t
.doeus otcontemplate an actual. expi
Sof the asage, iut merely'a typical
"seek't6reoonile themselves to thi


playupoh.wo :d A ypical expua
i ith so i5try at once, let ie.ask wh
the ewjdece Ta'f. ct, as, .fr instant
.. paricur -t sluion, :a .whether.
journal that resolution s'snot to-desti
f act-tha't'such. a resolution had bee
you haVe the' right to expunhe, and e
.a passage shal -be expuageddoes i
poses supprss.the evidence of the fai
m'ahier of e.pumiicin miy b,.whetl
iog. oat, drty'Wirtint the wofd .cex]
0 Goil .tl,. ret'ary certify,'after.th
untging' resoittipn, .that subh 'a. p
jdg.tnal.-1' Ite were called upZo to
: of the jourMal, would he hav-e S right
: expanged-' It is.in v"in that the'
thedpnfted volumes would be evide4
priteia volumes ar- bnly prima fa
mittA'd" for c0nvenienee,- but would
a. sworn'c py of the' joitnal. The
purpSaes or which- a journal is- kep
of a particular transaction;'no d i fere
an'd typical exp-'iction. 'Thatin 1
:grave;and -iamediate' consequence affi
is to-folldw,'does h'ot alter thue case.
ed in the iesol0tion iw, tna the right
'mode of doing itIs.pfno cbnsequenci
se'ntly. that;the'exercise'of.skch a pox
'sitttioiia, but may be'attended wit
and direct influence on the persoial
The nDatur limrport- ai'n, the necess,
"phrase expunge fr6o. the jourifn"l,
Sdenie of the fact exptnged;*vhether
Smetapboricanl.. -
S" ayiving thlus scertajind thehnmea
. lpunge,- and the effect-of any mode of
Stilin arises whether the enatee' poss
bver is- Petarnal. .ias it the right t
6f a particulaitrnsaction,,forthe j
highest" evidevne, but thi onfy evic
journal-is a dailt record& as.contiadis
,porary- memorandium .' ujtt is- cr
-.$cordrit is not' apPer 'ept'*w, bei
-wp gn, el


* .^V, V ,- ." .* "". .. ''-". "' .. .
".' _i i s_ i punished\; inr wliici it' l-comes ticmer waste papvm'. Is.' otlc &videucc ofliis course jii reafiot o it. Tlbse wi
,:' S E N-'A' iflih'pr'poaition true? F r ifit ll,-tlhei so far as thi'spar- vote for-tle solutionn alone zard any thin impreserv
S. ticulr case Is.concrnemd, hete i-an cn'd of the .uestion. ing that evidence. IHthry w ere wrong, then it is.-'r theii
, (o ,- AWA ,):. The language of thie Constitution is that each -oise .sha'e; if they were right,-it is themere. exprsion ofal
shal leep a jou'rnatl: of its procecdints, -anid,-'rom-tim' 'to. opinion Eron which oth-ers Iigjii rightfully and sincerely
-esoi tiifme, publish the same."' Resot his hce-n lihad to tle nean- differ.' -Ifthe allegations of the fiends of tid' Presiden
in of tile word -kee, as imporlin'g rpresivatidi); toshow r true, that the adoption of tat reslutio was.a breach
Si18,37 .- .ti'af the Consfkution contempiatc'd'priaiint, aid nota of tre .onstitutin-, and a 'tnost fla ranxt wrnig to him
, ;ta in" h h'tad not temporary record But 'I-a'mni ttfiat the wor' keep does Wol it mot-bh more natural that. the Senator front Ken
i lstandi4 e a o
ri his opinibin.on the not ;ecessarily.inL)ly per net ese-vaion; it may miearn tucky (Mr.CLAY.)'slroultl come here to ask us to expungi
.. .. v ben preservatluon for a tdnpdrary purpose, The word keep, it, that-bc migllteoneal His par-tcipatior in the matter"
Ss e Onthe-ma lik'evey other word i the l.ii..mudpd for its Is-it not exraordnary that the-Seator from Missouri
e~pss n ec 'tlm a rd" ...in the '-i
ot flt it to be dut' -nnin on. thile aunor in vwhich it gistsed(lon-l.e subject,- who takes.-'great edit to himself for resisting the"measure
n o l e lt t O D e _. a O .u t y s qd s e kr.. .o l y t oh i s o wY o p o i n
ii.' itat on..it. .i *iuatter i .whichlit is applied -'WuVordsar but sins ofdeas, shul seek ot only to concral his own glory in oppose
iSf a nneaure whih hie and it is. on of the'.imperfections of.language lthat it often it, but the shame of his. adversaries inesupporting it? 'Wha
nst.tutioi. saysi expresses- rt'oo'much. or too Jittle,- while felicity in its use is the purpose to beanswered by expunging the resolution'
"'sve nmeintI we ar consists in the choice of those terms which'cbivey either .Te fart that such a resolution.Was adopted cannotnov
e -thbbuh chscha.ftr' a tc simple or cbmilex idea with precision. A word, or,- be concealed from the eye ofThistory.. Thiejournal is onl
n of tp ons.it.tin m-ay stand-for. a whlc" sentence, for a-class-oflde'as, as in evidencebftfat factand-not of't-he truth of.the allegation
i it mu.n -i the faminiliaruse oftjis very gne. Thus, to ;eep a horse-may- corftaied in it. What vafuatle-end, then, is 'to baccom
n .er.l cn-idenee i, noe t mctire'ly mean that he isfed,-and-curried, and stable'. 'plishedbytheexpunction'? I fars sir, thrt the future
the geera l attneinc.-f burthat hc'is rode; as, wVtrre-t'ihcoi>uvr.sation b6ng.about Iistorian, liking dvr the wh9lu-ground of the-contro
-ttio g eneral attack nnIc nIV i ," )-.
ate have the honomo in th,-' peyronal habit -of any qlie, in relation tt exercise. it very' will, say, from the nature-of the act, that if was
hd to that instrument should be rmar.ked of him he.keeps a horse'; the term i'i- sacrifice, a peace-offcring.ai the altar of Vhxecutive power
cce is'ini'poratbd with. Pl s both prservatioi and use. So in tc jhrae keep a In thisview, we haVeall an itercstii the 'rord of th<
d have their being aa cow; !ie use forwhich sh is kcpl. is implied, asif a house-' proceeings.6f thistday, for good or'for evil*report:
Sd whi I owe td. .keepe were asked .." Do you buy your milk and should But, sir;I come now toconsider tie -reasons which ar
oa h ahilt a owe t. in reply, "No, I kbep'.a cow ;" it imports not only that sle is of~red for the adoption of-this e'ipunging resolution
Of o Iny abililty'iia ns ;.".it
2. 't a.. dy, id andtken care. 6f, but that she isinlked, ad hermtlk. They ate et-forth in the preamble, ad I 'resue they
-* It'it+ adutyttoo,. .b.'the faintly, So keep q carria- osnt -ct .--ai
Soo, consieed by-tnre fa-ly.'. o, keep carnage does n are the best that ca e offered. They have been wel
Ia ron a -n.eos t onerely mean that a carrige is-locked up in the house; but weighed and considered, aid no. doubt tirq ability Pf ti(
1o / Ofe tinls DOU o Ithat'itfis usefl. Keep.'hbuse, itoports the burden of'hou'se- Senator fro' Missouri has been taxed to the uttermost to
n d dduuties; as keepty o receiving present the case in the' strongest possible- point f 'iew,
let oiun ttVel-old ute -ask e hiinottedtorciia i
e, to te motion of this e 1 g guests: There aot o doubt that 'His reasons are eight in nume, and the ist of, them is
,,,,, :^ -and attending tO ,guests: .There cannot be a doultta-1
ta thet ,adop,,tl ion r tis, 0tl -i"n "e '- e "' ,,
ma q are hn -individaal tth pnrase'- keep a journall" rn.means to make and preserve
S.rel.tion to this at- one But still the question anises'as to-the legth of. that- "Anti whmeres thi said resolve was irregularly, illegally, "nd
ith. .they involve a r- "nprese-rvatipn'; and'it is contended thatC the smubsequept tilm-uncenstUutirially adopted- Iy the Senate'in violatiob- of the
anthis Gid -"I antnot -junction to publish indicates at-oncd the purposeandlength -rights of defence wlieh belong to every citizen, and in subver-
a uiis p .annon fesvation. Is this true ?' The words ate keep and 'i.n of t.e. f ndtal-entarprinciples of law anmd justice : because
jequlred.dt9 lye done isa ofhl.pr "n91f vation. I hi r ue,, 7,.' 1.. Itic
nit.1 can- et say that. ,piUish,'not keep inrorder to .publish. But. waiving all-ver- President Jackson was thereby.adjudqged, and pronounicel.to
S"k.' iis thI aCli bal criticism,'lr me remark hat a co- acisjtution -is nerelya be guily ofan mpeachale offence,' ad a stigmdaplaced upn
*-cbllection,dr principles -ann in ardlor to ascertain the force hini as a violatotrof his oath of office and ofthIe Laws and Con-
en ha'bu4 be If -,re t a"-llectiona -principlet ;'and in 4rdor to -tscert o
,an. meaning orany term, it is necessary:to attendo Sttution; hich h as'so'n to serve, protcnanddf6ed,
d J,. orlIrm i lor 'si,w uth' 13" t e w on, ug h o n p, rw.
, hi..ii.b. nl l .- oject oRf thei-poviston,.an. princile e the principle conneteWith it- tall g.t umte'fos of a trial, or the mbant of -
oe ft. i__" At'l Wv'hat'tnen, sir, are thel purpdses for which ajournal is t f
7 tIflio H tl~-.L -- -is .
be" .oe et I"-(r nqt pretend .to give them alI,busoef
with whioh4. haveo- be p? b t toiv the a but some Is this ttue in-point Qffa-ct The procceding.ofv .hich
.. v ". tHeln, as. (raWllIfrom the Constt, uto~n'liself; an (wl -
lthing to saynds6me- hem a draw from the Constitution itself n t.wil thi reason prfeses to be descriptive. was this: On the
aced arnd the acts done the" ,Ile seen whether i cr p -poses te of a temporary or 28th day of March, 1834,'the.Senate, in its' usuaJ course
mon stock: lfits se permanent char'acte, and byy-conseiiuenc whethether -oio: '.
I ; t.rom. ta t'e in s -" -journal,.is intended'to be a permanent or-temporary record.
J tro h znsua.cecy l rt place, it intended to record theday on-w-hich solvd, That th ic resident, in. the late executive -pro-
Sact ofhonage.ath ,, ceeings i relation to the re'venue, has ass.uinod upn hiroself
:then,,a personal inter- a. bill ha beepre te tohPresient for hispproba- uthoriy ad owerol conf erred by'tlic Constitulion and-LIws,
stie.mydoin. -to',ad thuedayon Cchog j Wed' but n .derogation of both."o e
ismy opinions as well:as. f may depeqd the validity-ofralaw. Thus, Ithis frstrason, then, a true dsciption of the ub-
..' .i."ns a" "l~s n hie.sevcnm hseclion 6oIiefirst article oi tne Oonstu in frtullO tea redesi
nmeI the morenecessa- s sec..on ofthert atcle oh Constitution, which it refrs If the Senate had organized itself
ens, -sinceif. this prin- t ito 'Court of Impeachment, called i tlie. Chief Justice
iveno security that the "Every bill which shallbaveij passed the HousrRprsen to preside, reqireby the Co t-itutih and then -pro-
...tatlve's And tile'Senate gh'tll, before it become a law',be eset-tprsdarque-yth Qftiuioantenpi-
estroyed, if hereafter it taits d te ete ha b t b me a law e needed to.try the President withoutt hearing him, aid-to pro-
o the-resolutioh to the President of ie Unit-d States; flie appiove, e sllhiofremoval from office, ne
,o. Sign it on t i' riot,.hehslual. al b 'rn it,r with. lis.obectiions, t(;the -
e *House in which it original, &c. Ifany billall not, *e re- could not have been said no stronger language would be
S"" "Houise in wlic h.tori'inatc &c. .ff" "bl st al o be e
nto d'to.. 'A man may turned by tIhe President within ten days (Sundays excepted)af-. required to describe so wanton a.violation of. constitutional
t take -care-to .have a ter it shall h'lave been presented to him, the same sliallbecome law. Is their e no difference between the cases.- Can -a
be done.- In words, sir; law hke manner as if h d signed itnless the Con- stronger case of the perversion 'arid abuse of language be
ithe journal a certain- gre.ss,y their' adjournmnent, preVent its return in wlicir-case, -put than this,'which would represent a simple resolution
ufth to falsify.a.-record. it shall aot be a luw." -. of a deliberativ assembly, expressingg merely an opinion
rmplate the-oneproposi- Here is orie permanit purpoe as ending asthc'lw which has no legal effect whatev.er-on the rights of- the in-
the'other with horror, itself. ". .. dividual, as the j-udgment of a court which acts directly
i, which has no future, In the second place, it is intended to record the fact and imimediately upon those rights? The proceeding re-
. views every.act. as an of membership injthis body, the Senate -being the judge ered to-has neither the form nor substneofajdget.
to what has preceded, an settling the question amembership in cases ofcontes- Nor is the slightest guilt-imputed in the opinion a eox-
ow,. to expunge- friom a ted election, 'hy the express provisions of the fifth -section of pressed by tie resolution. It states a fact, 'that the Pre-
s act,' But, sir, even 'the first article of the Constitution. And this was donein r sident has assumed'upori himself authority and power not
volt: with disgust from. the case-of-'the'venerable and distinguished Senator from conferredd by the Contitotion ;" but is silent as to the-mo-
the supressiori of the. Rhode Island (Mr. ROMNS.) Has-not he, and, has noftive,. and intention with which that fact.waNs.accompaaied,
a. The approaches of his State, a.permanent. interest in that decision, and in the the corrupt and wilffu character of.which alone could give
the assassin wears his evidence by which it is established And. is not thejour- to the proceeding the afttibute of guilt.. But suppose, fod
mnageof assuming her. nal th-e highest and'the only evidence of that fact-? Sup- a moment, that the Sbnate had, losing sight of-the princi-
'of religion ;'the dema- pose," sir;'itshou-ld become expedient at any time tp-expunge pies of law and justice, formed'itself into -a Court of Im-
pile. .Itbecouesthen, such a decision, whit would become of. the rights of -tie peaiment, and proceeded, without. a hearing, to pas
from the journal -is to Senatr.fom Rhode 'Island, if a competitor were to present judgment on individual: would that be a reason for
S- himself h'"e for. his seat, with freshcredentials-fiom his -expunging the record, for suppressing the evidence of so
'of tihe Senate to the State? -. .. monstrous a proceeding 1 On thecontrary, sir, it should
s -to -et forth the actto In the'third place, it is intended to .redord.te presence of ad as a monument of grace arid dishonor to the men
t. -And first, sir,, as to a quorum at the'opening of each session of Congrmess as who-partieipated in it. Its legal -effect wold be nothing;
seterm*: well as to ascertain the fact that 'Conress did on :itsmoral influence-would r.coil on their-wn
Sb.e expunged from t the constitution day for its'etig. The jurnal always tpy should be held to 'that- responsibility to Public.Opi-
iecretary.'oflhe Senatet opens withastat'ement ofthe namesofthosewho assembled nmon, to-secure which-it'was provided that' the yeas and
it, shlall.bring tlme.manu- when it is once ascertained that a quorum is present; 'it is nays- should be entered on thejournal. In this viewof the
Into, the Senate, and in afterwards taken for granted that they perform their duty, subject, the-hollowness and fallacy 6f the reason assigned
lines round the' said re- and.are always present, unless the contrary is madee to &4- 1P manifested b' the fact that these -who seek to suppress
of tre^ ". the 'pear.t- But ifit'so happened that ho quonrum was -present the evidence are not those who-adocate, but those who
t"' t or that.Congress had aisembled .before it had a legal right opposed,-the resolution. -But, sir,-it is the fate of a false
'tt' t "T to do so, the laws passed under such. circum-stanice's would position toenbody-rhe principlesofitsovri.destjctioni; 'If
its tcrms. The act to bemerely void. This eriiily is a matter of permanent this reas-4 be a true description of the resolution. of-28th
..be~merely void. "IThIq~edlulv yis a naitter of xtre
emnber of th&e sentence : importance. .' --Marb f4an uic tr-n u mi ii
solution had stopped *In' the fourth place, it is infendedt 'record the action of perceived that this very expbngidg resolution and its pre-
an expunctio.. snould this body on the conduct of its ihembers, as in'the istande ambleisp totheaeojectionas pronouncinjudgment
it that the Secretary of.thepunishifient of any. of then foqr disorderly'behavior. on those Senators who supported the former, as guilty ofan
out 6r erase' from the Suppose the case of the expulsion- of a -member, will not' impeachable offence- aid violalors Of their oaths ofoffice,
he Senatorfrom-Penn. e Sh he comes, to send-a 'suc- without the benefit. of-a trial 3- -It should te ifict ,
the right-of-the State i-om whin htcomens, to sen, i-itsturn,
critical examination oT csso,'depend on th at6f expulsion r. And could you, be expunge; and if I were cafledupon to draw up a pro-
id-has giverr us various byv expunging'th'e resolution of expulsion, restore him to 'amble upon the strength of this precedent, I shouH use'the
t s.nse; a.nd concludes 'hissai 1 And yet; if you'destr6y te evidence of the ex- sae language, as being as fair and legitimate a- descrip-
metaphorically, itis in pulsi(in;, is thete any thing to inrrvalidate his rights &s'estab- ti-n of thepresent resolution and its preamble as this rea-
in aH its uses, whetll- listed by his redential when-heh first took'his seat I Sup- n i descriptiveofthe resolutin of March 8, 1834 It
tte~truction 1-.' and- the
esructio; and- the .pose he was elected for six years, and-yduvexpelthim'at the is -absolutely suicidal. -
in every. instane d'- .expiration of the second, and then expunge the resolution The second reason is as follows:
ts literal acceptation. 6'f-expuls.ionr,'how would it be possible to contest his right' "And whereas-the said resolve, inall its shapies and forms,
o wipe out;. whicIrim- to-a-seat for the'remaining four years? .- was. unfounded and. 'erroneous, in point of fact, amid, therefore,
-, it imports that so.ne- I'n-the fifth place, it 'is intended' to ascertain the fact of unjmst and unriglte.Qus, as well as irregular and uneonstitution-
aseto bxist. Whetrier your organization as .a cburt of irpaechment, aind the judg-a] because the said President Jackson, either in the actofdin-
lly r..metaphoriallyc meant pssedn n the offender: Th judgment y xted g Mr uane, nor n happoini t of Mr Taney, as
to winchi t-is.applihed. ^ t remvl:. from of and a d.isqualif.cat.ion to hold and spciie r th& first 'on of -the resolve nor ii taking upon-
Dy the Senator from.- enjoy any office of- honor, trust or profit, which in its ua- himself the 'e of te.deposites, as specified in the Mend
Xpuiig,. -our sins,'" n-o tuyreis pr ptuaal, and isexcpteo onthe-pnrdoniog form of dre'same resolve; nor om any- act which- was then or
iall, bit does not time whic is,," .ane s te Presiae poW,' cn be .specified unde-t .h.. vague and ambiguous terms of.
ion-depend oft its lite- -In tle, sh aonh -'^ .. tther cases.. f-me geneal deunciation- contained in. the third auc last form of.
as 'shall cset h 'av 'It te^e h iust'l. Place which t mean to advert to, it time resolve, did 'do-er commit any act in viol'atko or in ndtecofa-
..n,, ... fonave .S uten..ed to record the .'vofls of menihl)rs n'gmtters. pf- tin's of the laws and Constitumion, en dangerous to the liberties
rm Divine vengeance? momentn, that they may i held to -their resepnsibility for of the People)' -- '
action of a bill, .hieh peniou easunes. And henhene is eis expressly prided The substance of this reason is, that (he resolution was
ator,.-does it "not.'mneafi....",-",j"
exist .ce -. .n the fith-ssectior of the firt aricle, "that the-yeas and. erroieons in poi' of fact. Is that a reason'for expunging
So. on ua. e d t,.t a -r.-nays of he" members of either House .on any question it? It might feri a- very good 'reason for a counter-reso-
theSeoeta-y would shall, at the desire of offe-fifth of those-present', 'e enter- httion. The subject is one on which-a difference ef opin-
teatd tf onvthojournal:" Ias noe not eery individual a personal- ion might fairly exist, and that difference-was expressed
tfh fmn thoerascvmeo at. pornanet interest in the record for good .or for- evil. at thc.ti.e, bothin debate and~on the journal; but surely
fi. -Thi. h s hs.t purpose, has reference to the.gi-eat- principle on that di r r destroying the
tly n.stves-ed by..dr~aw- tWhlch republican go~ernm'nent isfo ddth'
writing uponitsface to reis foTnde-the-respbtsihiility evidence that suth arh opinion ws -expressed.
, i. of the representative to his cohsti'tueots. From a consider- The third reason {sm that
becomes so, bD ceasing -ation, then, of-the' purposes for -which journal is "6 be ri d .... u- d '
such bill were ordered -sait essnaot ahst toie~s i .ntphan to ambius,
, thd s-cto, -hus p its aPpe that *t 'isintendedo be a..pei r orna-aontain.ing .othi"g bdt-tuloose and. floatin g charge-for derogat-
:, th io .th a dno g eteiporaer, re d. "None of-those purposes would ,irg frot tme laws and Constitution, and assuming- umgranred
..o.ne.. as if t he effectually answered hly the mere publication of t-hejour- -power ard authority in the lAe executive proceed'mgs inreta-
onerred upon hint'by nal. They are. matters of fact of which the jdurnalImean tion to the public'reveryue, wltiedt specifying &c. -
evthey word of .tshsec- the rm.anuscnit journal, iS the highest eience,-and theon- nThis reason conflicts with bot the others, implying that.
--'th w~orde hi sedu, in lyov~Idemnce.'wnere recaprse is hrau.ti jt; .o' a-
-becormes hs dutv to pose.- ,to expunged reco rd is to' destoy e p-- 'if the resolve wtoe tdet-ailed and specific, it ought not to- be
... ..to of. a f to h evidence expunged. If all these-an reasots-tfor the same act,'they'
Ire prsent rsoltin soatirical fal~fyhs try '" and .yerfy-*th0e remark of the should not bme antagonist to each other, but should harmno-
meptiresnt o Utlaen "tiona.Fr but eonv-- niously tend' to'thesame.onclusion. But warahnof detail
Sna es t ne -elaton to this matter, can beno reason evidence that


Se.suppesso veitIliers noting ih point, mor ity om resolution was adopted.
ction Tmeasure- i ha "the q 1egaio.fas and that it would be as hard to mair-- Thefourth reason is-merely an amplificationof th6 third.
lotion 'To ge rid, pf tain that-you-l ave a.right.to suppress the evidenceof a fact The fifth reason i as follows: .
ietheio a jo atl is-not which id, occurred- in your proceedings, s to maintain And whereas the Senate being the coistitutional tribunal
td expup pgerog tfe. thatyou havethe right toassert a fact upoir yomr journal forr he trial of the President, t.hen- charged by-hne ., f
to 01". .- whic. -.hever had-an existeince. .Butit as-bqencontend: Repiesentatives with offences agaiift th laws aid Constit-
'oy the .fthe edby some thet, beceusewe have the custody ofthejou'r- tion, the adoption- of the paid resolve before any impeachment
- adopted ,If;then, .nal, we have,.th right to do with ittwhat we'please, And 'preferred by the House was a breach of the privileges of the
do actually declarefhat .dos qustody import the- righf or destruction ?- Will it be House ; a violation of thre tohstitotion s a ubversion of justieeW
inot for. all- legal pur- contended that the Secretary of. 'State, who fa the cto- S reudicatin of a question which migt legally come before
ct, no matter whlat tie dy'oryoun laws and'treaties, and even of the Constitutioh tie Senate ;'and a disqualification of 'that body -to pertbrm ii's
T mem~tr R.tledy'of your laws hn&-tieaties, and e'ven. of the ConstiuohW
her by erasing, tfy blot-, jtself has, ftor that circumstance, the right to blot ut, constitutional duty with fai'ness.and impartiality,IfthePregi-:
punged *oyvr its' le sections. from 'your. laws, articles from your treaties, and ent should theeafter 6e regularly impeached ]y the House of
e adoption of the, ex-..- paragphs from Your Constitution; tha heath h Reaepreoatives for the same Offence.- '
ass"age existed ton.the t mutilate and destroy'the records of the nation' In con- The same aaswernay e-give tb.this reaon aigiven
-publish a new. .edition .'sideijng ths right of exunction,-the question is not whe- to the first,-that it-is iot'a.. fair and true description-of the
t toinsert the passage thet' the substance of the resolution proposed to be expunr- case-It treats the resolution of 1834 as ifwerejudg-
asrtin.i's madetiat ed true, b.utWhether such a resolution was adopted; tat ment of the Senate in its judicial capacity as a'court of.
ce of the' fact. The i's the.poi'i-t of.history. The.-existence on the journal-of impeachment vhen,:in truth, itis nothing more than the
ae vid-ence, and ad- the resolution is no evidence of-the truth, of.its allegation, expressionof. n pinion in its-character'of deliberative
never stand. against 'but. sifimly ofits adoption ; and the future historian, ook- assembly. 'It is nobr6eh of the privileges of the House
re is, then for all.the i0g to.thoe'Whole transactions-of the.timed, would'decide up-'ofRepresentatives,since it neither anticipates nor precludes
t, namely, aevience on-the truth br error of its allegation without'giving to it impeachment. It is-no prejudication of any questiQn
nee between an actual any .greater weight than is.due to the mere expression of which might come before the Senate as a court of im-
the present instance no .anpinion Every Sentor who voted fr the original r- peachment, since such question ustbe one of guilt,.and
ecttimgindividual-rights -olution hrqs a-peisonal interest in the-record. i nothing .of. the kind. is- imputed in. the resolution. But
The principleassert- Ifit is true tlat.topas h'a resolution w illega and. 'agi if all this were true, it woildbe.no reason-for-ex-
'tb expuhge jexisg.ts,the unmconstitutio-nal and-a flagrant wrom*g done to the. -Presi- pungiig, or,. i other wbrds,destroying the evidence o( the
e; and '1Will. show pre- dent of the Uriited Sti-ates,- tjen' his.friends.should not de-' k f that-such 4 resolution w.as adopted. .
won is nof only':unn'qn- -sire to have it expungied, but, on the coutrar
hwes rnot imonly.tnnt i asg -a~v innut epgd, bu, -on the contrary, to pr-eserve But; si, -we cane flow~ to the sixth reason, which is per-
thne .mot important it as a monumnht ofre-proach to those who participated' ii haps the true motive,'tho'ugh riot a justification for-this x-
. rights o'-indvidIals the measure.- In this view .Qf thetsabect, it should he pe'- traprdinary proce6dfng, -and aglean of light is thrown up-
.ry tegal.- et ,f the served a% a- matter' of-satisfaotion on the par{ of his frns, -on thc-.s.bjectwhich gives it c6lot and cpmplexion. The
is destroy the .vi: ad of disgrace and shame on the" Partof hiN" adversaries. substance ofthis reason is, -that the President's protestwas
it.be used-hterally or And,'"oin the other hand, if the right existed t.o pass tie rejected, aud not permitted to be entered upon the journal,
*t~ing of -* resolution, 'an'd its allegation- wns-true in pointoffac; 't-hose- 'while metmorials arid petitionis against him were duly 4nd
i~fi 6fthe {Oh-ex }esutJ~,'al ks allderation- vas true in Ooiut.otfa
ng the wrd-.ex- who sustained'it-by their vote have.an interesting the evi honorably-received.' Here is anotherinstance of that con-
,expunictlori, the ques-" denfce oftheir opinion, whil&e'those who thought otherwise flict-wiih other reasons, which was remarked upon ii ad-
esses-any such power have the b'eiefit ahdni "satisactiof. of being able to bstablish venting to-the third: .It implies that; if tie-protest hadbdeh.
o destroy the-evidence thpir dissent'. In neither view of the ease have the friends received, then the resolve should nt bU expunged.-
ourna is .nt.o.imly the'. of the-President any lfai" reason to 'desire ttthe evidence, But with that-confusion of'ideas.'*r1ich seems to characte-
oenee ot.the fac.t'. of thepiroceeding-should be destroyed, The iSenator fromn re the whole preamble, itplaes the'.protest of-the Presi-
ti1 18ni(gr.. EisheP6d fit fotngoilinmitun foteie-in-
tingrished harothoatem- Mnksouri (Mr. BEvrdN).mayglory in the vote hegave on dent'on the -same footing with peitins from-he-Pple-.
i erfd-e.that though a- the occasion; the Senator' from' ent-ucky. (Mi. CAJ T -President demanded'that hisprotest should bedspread
oyuonly until it may the sar ;'-neithe'r has theightto'depprive'theother' ipon the journal, which he had no eight to'do. But sup-


o posing for.a moic'nLt.that. he had, is the rcfi.mS l a reason' tthat SSenator lto e .the generall rresenat-aiv df ADlawarc;.
' orexpungin the resolution to which th'prst has r- nI o, thank Virginia for having snt s able arid
r firence'? 'The People have an undoubted right to express jdistinguiahed a rep1csenlativc 'of dur common interests.
n iheir opinions and wishes, in the form of petition, ahd.ine- The pidro perrfllan'it cliaracler *of the' representation- in
y moralsl, but the Prcsident,-'s such, has no right to'notice this' bo'y'is a check' ni; oseid by the People themselves on
t tthe proceedings of any: other branch of tie Go-vernlment in- their own action.' The whblesiysLern is .Qn of.checks and
1 the brain of a protest. It is no part.ofthe fiuntctiois. or privi- balances. The two Rousesof Congress-arceimutual checks
, leges of Exkccutive power to review and rebuke Itic'proceei- on ea ch .other. Thlc Scn Ate.n ay fairly be presunieh to be the
ings-of. the legislative or judicial branches of-the Govern- n.or.g rave and sedate body, orim the geneirl fadt of possess-.
e ment. The aspect ihich-the- wheol subject assumes,'. in ingtless of yop'ih-ant its attributes, alth-oug., sir, to be sure,
Scohtemplating this reason, is-that .f retaliation. It. looks there are sonei veterans in the-oter House,as well as some
like offering an indignity to this body "'by way of compen- youthful aspirants in'this: The ancient German'ssirlwh'o
sating the slight-of Executive power. arrived anorr the nationswhom theycon'queredlheir notions
S' The seventh. and -'eighth-reasons may be classcd.tpgc- of civil polity, were in the habit bf-arguing eyer-y qdcstion
t their and resolve themselves into the general allegation-that twice, once at their carousals, probably druok, and ohce so--
the said resolve, was inopportune, of evil example, and dan- 'uei that tlcrc-might be in their c5uncis due' degree pf
v gerousprecedent. .All"of which, being a mere rnatter, of 'vivaity'and deliberation, The same idea. may besuppos-'
y opinion about-which a fair difference- might 'rise, could -ed o' be carried out in our institutions; though the requisite'
Sfiiurnish no reason for 'epungiig 'thd resolve, however-.it attributes .nay not 'be insured by. thie same nleans. In
might be urged as a-reason Tor passing a ddunter.res'olu- claiming;, ir, for. this body the attribute 'of delibiration,'I
Slion. -We have thus, sr,gone through them all,And do do not riiean' to say 'that we are by -coftradistinction the
not find one which ju'stifibs the conclusion that the rcsblu; sober body.
S tion should be expunged. Arid if'th'cy do not siihly.suIp- The Cqnstitutionr w'hiich.- has estaishcid this system of-
..,- portthat 'conclusion they' cannot do it -collectively; A 'overp-ment was tffe peaceable a'iid deliberate work of the.
e thousand bad reason d have nio mote force th-an one.. We ,- People. It wasn't, sir, the result pf accident, or o'f a strug-
imay'say, then, of this preamble, what was said of.Gratia- gle fbr political power between different.orders of Society.
S.nos reasoning: "t.Gratiano speaks an infinite deal of.no- To find fsult, ten, with the Senate, is toinmpeach the wis-.
r. 'thing, more than anpy man in-all Venjcc; his reasons are dom and intelligence of .the People themselves. 'It isthey,
'sas two grain of wheat hid in twio bushels of chaff you who, in.adoptingte Federal Constitution, aive said that "
I 'shall seek all day ere you'fndthem ;' and 'when you have the Senate shall be organized as 'wcr fiid.it, have prescribed
o 'thmn they are not worth the-search."' the mode.oits election, and -given to it the character of
S .'But it is saiia.the Senate ha r-no right to pass such-a re- -greaterjpermanency: But, sir I' ask again, whnt-is the
solution; that it cannot bejustified as the fair exercise-of. tu eaning-of this sentiment? Are we to be prepared for.'e-
Sanyone of its powers. Still it may be .answered, it is a ducirrg the Government to a unit, as w-have been-told that
fact that srch'a resolution was adopted, and the-objkctiot the cabinet should be one'?' Is -it intended to blot -outthe
S-irvolves la mere difference of-opinion, which cannot be-a. component parts of.this system, ard reduce the Government'
reason, for destroying the evidence of the fact.. But as to -to the simple relation of the President.and the-People? In.
the right itselF I ihnk-there an be nd doubt of its exist- the message of 132, the 'Supreme Court was assailed, and..
nce, when the subject is fully uriderstood- T.he Senate, -its authority, as the interpreter of the Constitution denied,
I under tli' Consitution, has variouss powers, lgJslativd,ju-o- and now, sir, we are tpld by- the Senator from Vqissouri-
diciaf, andiexecutive. The erro -lies in attempting to dis-. (Mr.'BEN'ToN) that the-Piesident has corrected and -repeal-I
Cover and explain the right to pass such a resolution iil the ed the decision of that court in r6lation- to-the cInstitution-
exertise o any of tkese power. ality .of the Bn'nk ct- the United- States,' and 'that, in his
The.object of all -these' powers is the-motlification of h opirrion,.al that retiains.to be -done is to issue an aucita
some social or. political right. Bit the Seniate is a delib r- querella to ascertain the fact, have it entered on the record,.
active body, and, as such, musf Rave opinions, and express andithejudgnment reversed. Here is at-op&e a-new attri-.
them. It is the inherent right and poaperty.of'every deli- hute of power, arid a most extraordinary nmode of proceod-
berative assembly to have. and express opinions, which can ing. -. On the other hand, we are told by the Senator-from
only be'.done by resolution. A resolution ofthanks- can- Virginia that the Senate is the citadel ef that aristocratic
not bye traced .to any one of these pqweys, neither can a re- 'spirit which'seeks to ride on the necks of the People. 'If
-* solution of condolence; and yet no one eyer doubted the the Senator mt-rely'means'that this' language-is desernptive'
Right to pass either the one-or the 'other.' If it were'neces-' of himself and his -friends, be it so. I cannot quarrel with
sarybto resort to the Constitution for-any ex-press or implied what he may deem just and proper- as to them, thoughh I
authority; it might be found in the seventh section- of the' should have been backward myselfirs so characterizing them;
fourth .f -article,, vhich,in its last paragraph, sebpposes that- but-, sir, I utterly deny. its justice- and prprpi'ety as aplica-c
there are other resolutions tIhanl legislative acts, or such as- ble -to myself; or those with whom I have theLhonor and
'require the concurrence of both'Houses. But the very in- the happiness to act. In relation to this Government, I and
stitution of a deliberative assembly, in'the nature.of things, ny. immediate constituents, and I believe a great majority
Ssupposes and involves the existence of opinions and the of the American-People, are conservatives. We go for
right of expressing them. -The-powers of such an assem:- the Government as it is. We wish to preserve the system
bly, or, in others words,the' control which it may exercise of Federal and State Governments as it was established by
over the social or -political rights.of others; is a very differ-- the wisdom of our ancestors-. We ask.nub change, and,
Sent matter, arfd'depends on the provisions of the Constitu- leabtofall, such changes as they would bring us."'In thissys-
tion which gives itexistence. But is.it not somewhat re- tern we live, and move, and have ourbeing; and aswe were
markable that those who.imake the objection .d not per- the first to adopt the Constitution, we shall be the last to
ceiveothat this very expun.ging resolution which they ad- abandon- it. We have heard much about the policy of'the
vacate presupposes the right 21 If the Seonate has no right Executive, and have even been advised tot-look to that'
to pass any'resolutiori bt' such as can' be. traced tone of source for. the Initiative of certain measures. To iny mind, '
those powers, what right ias it to passIthis expunging re- all this is a piece with that -exaggerated and'false concep- q
solution 1 Into such absurdities, sir, will men fallwhen, tion of Executive power and consequence, ihich has char-.
they seek- to sustain, by reasoning, 'a false position. The- acterized the present' Chief- Magistrate and his advisers. '
right, then, to.pass such a resolution.'a Itake to. be unques- The executive power which represents ihe common 'foice t
tionable, and the exercise of it may be, at times, highly ex- -ofsociety is, in every just theory, and in the, nature of things,
pedient, as a check or caution to the wantonness or heed- inferior to the legislative power, which is the representa-f
lessness of Executive power, and as- a measure'short ofim- tive.ofthe common intelligence and the common will, and
"peachmednt. But, sir, what is itnpeachment?-. A fayee, a' that, too, precisely in the degree in *hich brute force is in-
riullity.! It ih, like the-cas'e of tie electoral -colleges, an ferior to reason. It is the business of-the 'President to ex-
abortion. There is little.danger to .be apprehended but 'ecute thelaws, not.to make them.. The'policy ofthe Ex-
fromnt a poplar President" and- the very fact of.his. being ecutive! -Wh-o'chaarg.ed the President with the care o the
such, under the party organization of this country,supposes .general welfare? 'What business has he with ny -policy'
the fact that he is.'sustained andl supported'by a majority pf distinct from the policy of the- law ? The prosperity of a
the'body in whom the impeaching power resides. 'I might great and civilized People depends on the laws, and nt -on
here, sir, conclude what I wished to say in relation to. the the .-aill'of the. Executive.' Sir, I regret to hear such opin
matter now depending before the Senyate havingas-I think, ions expressed. I trust in God they will not prevaiI.in this
established two' propositions, which cover the'whole ground:. country; -for, to -my mind, they are in direct hostility with
first, that.the Sehate,.'as a deliberative- ssemrn-ly, had the -hattone of manly and independent feelingwhichshould
right to pass the. resolution of March 28, '1834;. and,-se- characterize a nation of freemen.
condly, that, whether true orhnot in point of fact, we have In opening the sutject-of this expunging resolution, the
no right to expunge it,-hecanse' thejournal is, by the Con- Senator from Missouri (-Mr. BENTON) has seen fit to en-'
stifution, a PERMANENT RECORD. -I will -further incidentally. certain us with a magnificent eulogy on the merits of the
Remark tat; if the right of expunctioh exists, and is to-be President:' This, no doubt, was a very fit introduction to
established by this precedent, then a shbsequrent Senate the'measure which is proposed, and may perhaps serve to
-may expuhrge this expunging resolution; and so,-in .alltime indicate its ultimate' aim and purpose. He has.been des-
to come, thesd successive expunctions may-serve toindi- cnribed at one time as teaching the saucy Britons- a lesson
cate the triumph ot defeat of the.respectie political pay-tieh s f humility from behind the cotton bags of New Orleans,
.of the country. Bht an attempt h'as been made to sustain and at another rebuking with the thunder 0f AMerican
this measure by a resort to precedents. Sit, precedents are cannon the savages of the Pacific Ocean, bestriding the
Sof 'no authority when opposed to. a.-clear, ascertained, set- narrow World like a Colossus." -Not content -with this
lied principle. Tlfey are resorted to in doubtful -cases, and. plenitude of military fame he'has. been 'dndued with all.
often to avoid the. force of 'principle. It is easier,-at all civic virtues and -superhuman -sagacity-.. 'While listening- .
Times, to follow precedents than to reason:. But, sir, above to. this strain of adulation, every sober-minded individual
all' things, precedents drawn from a period of revolution irmust have involuntarily exclaimed, with Cassius, ".Nowv
such as that referred to by the Senator fronm'Virgiiia (Mr. f in. the names of Ai the gods at 'once, upon. what meat -
Riv-Eg) are of-no weight in'a time of'profound tranquillity, .'doth this oir Ciesarf feed that he is grown so great ?'a
when security and leisure give opportunity for reflection. -Sir, I am not disposed to deny his 'real merits, or to with-
It may be very expedient, in' a moment of unsettled govern- hold.my gratitide-for his -real services.. .He'has, sir, ren-
meont' ad of violerice, to suppress, the evidence ofh a partic- deed good-service to'hiscountry, and well has that coun-
ular 'proceeding; but one could s arcely rely upon such tnr repaid himfor it. -But that service was -in a military, -
authority for I warrant to borrdpt a constitutional record not in a civil.capacity. f
in moments of security and regular. government:- Anrd yet Much-has, as Usual,;. been said- about the People* and.the-
such is the ch-aracter 'of the-Senato'r's domestic precedent.. People's friends, and-an impression is attempted to be giv-
As to' his English precedents, they are of rio value on a 'en that those who 'support this Admrhinistration are alone'
question like this, which does not depend on general par- the friends of the People.' Who 'are they that' thus arro-
liament~arypractice, but on the express provisions of a writ- gantly'talk about the People as-if they" belonged, to some
-ten Constitution, which has directed the keeping of a jtu-n- superior order? The 'People's friends; indeed 'The
nal, and contemplated that journal as a permanent record. .People, sir, stand in need of no friends;"they are the sove-
I am W'arned.-by thel.ateness of the hour that it is tinm- reigns, it is they who dispense their smiles tnd.their'fa-
to-t*fae leave of the-subject; but, sir, beforeI take my seat, vors; and it 'would be much mere becoming and seemly to .
F cannot forbear to offer a few remarks on'some of .the dpi-. -speak of the People as being one's frie.nd- than' of'oneself
nions a-nd sentiments..expressed 'by .the Senator' froH Vip* sp being the friend of the People: There is, to be sure; one














- distrbibte in various rivule~ts, that- wealth which'may have as approving of every thing thdt~he says and does- and dis-


been dammed up in the course qt temporary accunlmujation; approving of every thing that is said or dne against him?
I say, sir, here, and under -such circumstances, to talk -of As well might it be contended,-on the same ground, that
Saiistocracy is an insult to the Common sense of the comnmu- because Geeral Jackson smokes a pine,- the verdict of the
nity. -I see, sir, a practicaL refutation of this sentiment in People has esfabfished that it is right and proper to use-to-
the persons gof the-distinguishad -men by who6m i am sur- baeco,-:apd that. the-fegitimate mode of doing so is-by
rounded.' To what' patronage were.they indebted .for the 'smokjng it i an earthen pi.- -
hofiorable distinctionrWhicb they have.attained T.o what But al this, sir, is.apart from the main -question.- We
do.thy owe their elevationi and the high consideration in are ,called upoi to expunge a resolution from our journal,
which they. are held by the7whole country but to the un-. to suppiessthe evidence of a fact, to falsify. a record.! If
" aided efforts of their own. abilities? Why sir you find the right to-do so were a matterof doubt-merely-, it would.
* in 'the person of ydur Chief Magistrate. another striking be the part .of-a prudent and conscientious man to .pause
-proof ofits error. I A poor boy, for so 1. believe, the story Let not/I pray, sirthe-excitemento partyspirit hurrythis
runs, cuffed during the Revolutionary way by a British of-' bdy'to an act which is a'clear infraction of the-Constitu-
fice for not performing some menial office, Win his wy tion ;' e satsed with a counterresolutien, expresig i
to the highest honors of the Republic; and .omes to preside as strong terms as you please your-approbation ofthePrds5
over -the destinies of a great People; "-bids the 'Romans ident's conduct, and your repugnance to the resolution of
markhimni, and write 'his speeches-in their books." Sir,the- th6 28th of M'ar'ch, 1834, bt 'do not' lt us.inflict another
tfrm is a mere catch-word, or,.to uise' fhe metaphor of the woundupon the great charter 'of our Union. Rely upon..
SSenator from South Caiolia, '" a meretinkling bell touring itr,'that if the frenzyiof party spirit; 4r another native,
Stogether'a rabble of id-eas which overwhelm all reasoning." shall lead you to do -this deed, you will find yourselves in s
One of-the strongest objections'I have had to the course the condition fa homicide; who; having exhauted-hi b
of the psesenit Administration has. been, its constant effort malice in a deed of violence, recoils with horoiro and' re-
to array the.differentpprtions of-society against.each.other, more fromte victim-of. hipssion. -
'.and its habit of appealing for suplortQto the worst passions
'and prejudices of our nature. When I heard the distin- i ,
gui'shed Senator 'from Virginia (Mr. RIVES) a few days V M r 5 3 -.
since, in the debate on -the. i treasury circular, declare that -IROPOSAlS ill be icceved at thisoffice util e
nhe did not belong to thatclass of. politicians who divided 2d- instant, for furnishingat the Navy Yard in this city,
society horizonitallyrbut rather perpenidicul'arly, Into cas- lo rhs of arg*sizedfohdtidnone fr building slip, -
es Who nutuaILy sustained andt supported each other, I some-of the pieces to ,vei'gfifroui 500'to-3000 ibs. each.- For a -
thought I perceived, the-'dawn ofa better state of things, more particular'descriptiot, apply to th cbmmnanidant of the said.
and 'I felt grateful tb him, sir, for the sentiment; bu. alas.! yard'. mar l7-dt22d
sir, I- fqar-that" it was but-a. temooriarS impilse of sound. '
Feeling, that-must subside before the policy of the party. A.UABLEW.O SNESS STAND at .Attion.. -
Top test the soundness of this opinion, let's for a ..On Mondaynext, the 20Othidstant, at 5o'clork M., I- `9
minmnt consider- the nature of this .Government. It is -shall sell, at ptblic auction, an interest of two-thirds -in Lot .
ermphaticallc a' Government as.cortradisting-ished from -No. 4, in sqifaie 432, and the. improvemdnts, fronting the Cen-
a Corifeleyacy, limited'-in. its powers though supreme tre Market Ho The nprovements- re a valuable three.-
.--m*t i -i.' its.' po .-., t ..,, .*, B ucupied by Mr" Turner as* a dry-
within its sphere; the legislative powers being vested in a strdsok, which iloe ofthe blotbupiesd stands i the citay-of
Congress, com"6sed of the Senate and ouseof-Re good
ngs, op preson- Washigtori. Gehtlenren desirous of'pssesing'a good store--
tatives:.. The 'People, beiing':the source of all power., elect hioue, n-ost advantageously l6cat6d, have- n'o..ian opportunity
either immediately or mediately, their' representatives ;-im-iI that may not agi offer. .
mediately in the.iristance of' the House of Representatives;. Ters'ofsaRe : -One-fourth gash,'one:-foux-th'in three.i-oths, -
'me'diatelyin the instance-o.the Senate.. We are all, sir, the. one-fourh-in six -'onths,-andione-fourih -infie .monihs, for I
Representatives of the People, though chosen after a. differ-- 'notes satisfactorily endorsed, bearing 'interest.-. Title satistac- i
ent manner. .I1 claim, sir, to be not the immediate but the- tory. .. .. -' EDW. DYER,
gnerl representative of the State. of Virginii, as' I hold- -nar 15-dts : Auctioneer


.DEBf1AT]E I.N T IE
,HOUSE OF RiEPRESENTATIVES..

* SPEECH OF MR..CALHOON, (or KENTUCKY,)
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY. 7,. 1837,.
On te resoluidnprp ng censure Mr ADAMS.
The resolution proposes-to c ensure the -member:firmn
Massachusetts for his conduct in this House in reference
to a -petition -plurporting. to.be'from slaves, It is therefore,
:ip thefirst piac*6, necessary to inquire what his conduct
.has been..- I will state, sir, my-understandiug of-it, -The
part wvliih that gentleman, hs taken, at the last anti pre-
sefit session-of.Congress; in regard .to the abolition of sla-
very in the District of Columbia, is, well known.to'Jave
been most extraordinary, It. should be iloted that, at the
last session, .the: gentleman, in 'a'spcech which he made- -
hnd published, -declared'his opinion, to'-be that'Congress
'had not only the power to*abolsh slavery in this District;
but that it-had the power, under-the Constitution, to abo-
lish slavery in'the States. This was thr.first, and, as far
as Mr. C..was informed, the only instance' iriwhich iuch
a'power had 'been claimed fo' Congress by any person, in
any pa'rtbf-this Upnion.- T-hie -consequence pf.publishing
this-opinion, and claim of power, from a person.so distin-
guished;, hd been to increase to. a alarming extent -the'
efforts'for.abolitibn. And nowsir, we-find it followed up
by the gentleman, and attempted to be acted. out, by e-
eeiving & petiidn- from slaves, and, as a member, attempt- .
ing legislative action upon.it.
In regard to the-right'.of petition, he would Say that, in
most-countries, -it was invaluable "to the.subjeot, It was'
the only mode-in which the subject c6uld reachlthe throne.
But how'is it in this country, wlieie we'have either a6
throne nor a .subject ? Here,.sir, the pot is- in the hands
of the. People. Ours is a. representative Government, -in
which tha People'moot usually exert their power at the
bllot'bbx': they-certairrly have-the right-of petition in its
most enlarged, sense ; they h've.more, they have, the right
of instructionr" this eight however, is.coofined to the
rfree white population of the country in exclusion to saves
It had always beeri so coiasidered under our colonial exist-W
ence, under-tfhe .articles of confederation, ah3. under thy
Constitution from its adoption to thpresent time. Theuis-
tory ofthe colonies may be ex'amin.ed,and-no ease can hefoud
where the tight of petition- for any purpose' xas claimed.
for, or- attempted to be exeiciscd by,-slaves. The Consti- -
tdtion.of the United States does -not alter the rule which
had. prevailed, in regard to the -right of petition ..tdeclares- '
that Congress shall pass no lav 1to abridge it; it exists un-
der the Constitution as it existed-before,' ad is. not en-
larged by that instrument..' The Constitition of the .Unit-
ed' States, so far from weakening the right of the owner to
his slaves, does expressly -acknowledge:that right; by.ma-
king slaves, to a certain .etent; the bases of representa- -
tion and of-taxation.
The Constitution leaves the quetion'of- slaveryas a
mere domestic-questio'n for the States. .Congress' has no
power over it, none whatever; 'certainly none,' so far as.
the'States are concerned i and in'my judgment, ndne, so
far'as -the District 'of Columbia-is concerned. My ol-
leaEgue (Mr. GRAvEs) and myself differ in regard to the'
power of Congress to abolish slavery in this-District. ]e
has very tiuly said that-very distinguished individuals in'-
all patts of the United States-opncur with him in his views-
upon this question. 1 am not upon .this or any other
question to be influenced by distinguished names. am
happy to know-that I do trot stand alone in my views upon
this subject in Kentucky; so far' from it, it is a fact,that.
the Legislature of Kentucky at their.last session did, b-
an almost unanimous vote, declare that Congress had no.
power.'over the subject in-the 'District of Columbia. That'
Legislature did,- moreover, instruct the Senators and re-
quest the Representatives from that State to oppose all at-
tempts at. abolition ih- this District. Others may do as -
they' please.; but concurring, as I do most heartily, in the
doctrines of. the Kentucky resolutions, I shalluse ally : .
efforts -to carry.them into effect. 'Without inteniling, on'
the .present occasion, to discuss at length the reasons upon .
which I deny the power to Congress to abolish slavery in
this District; I will beg leave to remark,that the relation. f .
representative.and constituent does -not exist betweh tthe
People of this District and Congress; we are not their r-
presentatives,'.and, the rule which applies in. the States -
that what the People do through-their representatives they
do by themselves,' does not.apply'.here. -ack-nowledige
that the grant of legislative 'power to Congress over-the
District is in -very comprehensive terms. But still, it is to.
be considered that the power in this, as in every other case.
from the beginning of time, has. been conferred for the'
protectipn,- and not for the destruction of the rights ofpro- .
perty. Amongst the- most valuable of- human rights, is
that of being secure in property ; and it is ,erversioaf.
every principle,. l couies 'sa-
cred, to use a' power designed, to protect the right of pro-
perty for its destrtcti6n.' When the- Constitution was
formed, slavery existed in thisiDistrict;' it.was known to -
the Convention, and acknowledged rightfully to exist by.:
the Cofistitution.;' and I contbnd"boldly, that to use a pow-
er intended to protect, so as to destroy the .thing designed
to be protected, .is a violation 'of principles sanctioned- by
all ages, -and of more force tham the Constitution itself.
pBut it is-contended by my'codleague 6Mf..GRAYES) that'
we cannot censure the member from Massachusetts with-
6ut violating that provision 'of-the Constitution which se-
cures the freedom -of debate in this. -quse, Sir, I do hot.
think-so. The freedom of debate is. seeured.o thenmep-
bers of this 'House in the same mariner hat the freedom of '
speech is secured -to -the citizens of this country: it ia
right.w*hich may be abused in both cases. The-tribunals
for punishing an abuse'of- this right ire different--the
House may. punish a member, thep courts may:fie a-citi-
zen. Sit, (said Mr. CALHOON,) I am-as much infavor -
preserving the liberty of speecl. to the citizen, and the free
donrof debate to the -members of this House, as any man,
any where; but'still,'as a judge,:I would fne acitizen for
blasphemy or profane cursing and swearing;'and as a re;-
presentatiVe I will censure- a member for acts and words, .
or.for either acts oarx words, which I believe arecalculated
tcr lead to insurreotion" in: the slave States 6f this Union.
I:take the gentleman's act of 'receiving apetition.froi '..
slaves, and- officially- asking -a question of the Speaker, with
a view to legislative action upqnoit;coupled with his speech,
as.evidbeice that he-ip i- correspondehce with the slaves-of- *
this 'country to an.extent-which-.c'ahj fbrthe rebuke and
aensuire of this.Hiouse.. L shall therefore vote for.the reso-
lution, but I shall do so more inpity than in malice. My
course towards that "gentleman wil relieve me from tile
imputation of improper motives. '- -
OR" SA-LiE.-The subscriber Ueing desirous to remjvo
J'to Baltimore, will sell that-well-known and beautiful farm
orn which he' nior resiles,.called Mattapony, situateinSt. lary's -
couanty, directlyy on the'Patuxent river, aid near its mouth, eQn-.
tainirig nine hundred acres of land. Oi this farm there is evety -
imerovem'en! thatmay be desirable for comfort or convenience
consisting'of a bricM dwelling-hiouse, two-stories high; with four
ro'omns on .ach floor,.with a brick pantry and.kitehen adjoining
reat-house, large'corn-house, stables, granary, ice-house, two


b.ayns fdr tobacco; cow house, upwards of one hundred feet
long, with a shed for stabling twenty work-horses' also,' an
overseer's hpuse, and negro-quarters sufficient to acoinmodate
fifty servants, and all other necessary out-heuses. All those
improve'mentrare in good. ahd complete-repair. A'large gar-
deu,'in good-order, well stocked with choice fruif. There aire
several never-failing springs" convenient to the house -of very
good and pure water ; also-a welltof good wqter near the.over-
seer's house..' A steamboat'passes by this farm. twice a week .
frbor and to.Baltimnor'. The river and creek abound in oysters,
fish, arid wild'fo*l, in" season.: This fairm is.in fine order, and
in the highest' state of .ultivation, and is at present divided in
eight fields and-fodr twentyt adre lofs, with' a sufficient and ne-
rer-failing stream of water in each field. All these fields- and,
lots .are well enclosed with .good and sdbstaftial fences .-On
said farm their. is a large quantity- of wood lying within one
li'ile of a public'landing on said rjvir, of which it least' ten
thousand cords could be Spared-from -the use of the farm for..
sale, which meets :a ready sale fi the landing. The farm may
be'diiided,.to suit purchasers, into'two farms, with an equal
propofrtion-of wood to each faim. A further description is deem -'
ed unnecessary, as it is presumed: those dispqsed- to purchasee'
will view the farm,arid.judge for themselves.' ..
Thetermrs of sale 'will be aceommnodating.
For further.pairticalars, address the subscriber, Gret. Mills'
$t. Mary's county. GEORGE FORBES. .
feb-28--.l1.aw6w'" '-' '
SAND -FOR. SALE.-- The subscriber *H*l6ffer at pub-
. lic sale, to th 'highest bi-dder,*(j the 15th 'of Apit h-eit,
ai 12.-o'clock, (il'fajr if- not,'the'nextfaif day)-a'tract of land
co.nta.iin'g.about 160.aer-es, nore or. les, ii being- a- part 6f..
Snowdena-s New irmroinghain Man'ri. The said aWdW havingg a
small dwelling-hOuse, corn-hdua.e, &cIs. well-adapted.to the .
growth6Of.'wheat And 6th'et grda, and is will-watered'; plaster
iats well. "There is a sufficiency of wood, and a large proper-
lion of meadow land. Itis within two miles of tie Laurel sac-
tLry,-whei'e there is a good market. -The rilrbnd from. alti-''
more' td Washingtbn'passes'through ohe corner, and i is nearly .
equi-distarrt from either place, and'within half a nile of lbe-
Laure!.depot.. '..
'Those-wiahin'g'to'.prchase Wilf examine tbe property,:which
will be shown them by the subscriber; living adjoining.
STerms- qf.sale.-QOn.third- cpsh' the' other .in two qiial
,nstaliuentta, of twelve and eighteen months, the purchaser'giv.
ng bond with approved security, andinterekt from ihe day-of'*
sale.. SAM'l C. SN"WD-EN;
eb23--rA,5 -
." . :-









DEB4RtE 1E"SN.T A T I TEE,,-


S. '. REMARKS OF' Mg. W IITE.(-oF KENTUCIY.)
'" MOiDAV ; FEBRtARY. 27, 1837. "
The Hotise being in Cgmfinittee of-the Whole upori t
S .b.ill reported by the Committee of 'Ways -and Mean
making- appropriations for tle improvements ofhiarbor an
* ri v e r s ., '
". -' Mr: WILT'*E '(6f Kentucky)- offered an anaendrHen
prbvidin for the establishmernt of a fort of .entry at t4
nouth oC.Laurl river, andd, an appropriation of-forty-fiv
S_-.-tv'otsand dollars fbr'the improvement of the" Cumnberlan
rtver, between tlie nouth of La&urel- river and thi city 0
S- Nash-ville, to 'be expended according.-to the report mad
by Col. Abert, Qf the Engineer dorps, of asurveyexecu
S. ted in the ydari 35.."' c ..
..-". 'Mr. WHITE said: With'all due respect to the admbni
tion of,the gentlemran'ifrbm Ohic (Mr. WHITTLEEY)a.an
the gentleman 'from New York, (M'.l EE,) warning.th
S, committee of tfte impopr'iety and great dapger of'allow
tug any" amendment whatever to -this. bill, he Aflt it hi
S" duty to ofer.(he,'amendment under consideration. Ani
.. he nfust be permitted to say that he could not but atdmir
S.the'extreme modesty ind generous'liberoaily. of the earnes
ppeal'qof those two" gentlemefi, when he reflect 'upor
the various items cbntain'ed in this bill. The committo
"will discover, by an examinatibnof the.different appf9opri
atiolis proposed.i' this bill, that, although there are twen
4y-.six States in this iUnion, each entitled -to 'a. fdir -and
just. proportion of the Public.exAenditqres.of thls Gqvern
n"dnt, two-thirds .of the Amount appropriftbed by, this bil
is ta be expended in the-States of Ohio and New York
and out of the* remaining tfiird, 14ennessee and Keietftckli
t'are o, receive, the 'p*-rful spinm of ten thousand dollarss
S" And yet, notwithqtanding this manifet irnequality ant
-.iqjustice; the .representatives-froam-those two States are
mnodesitJy asked to sirstill, ahd'fold thdir arms, arid quitly
-look on, and see themselves robbedd, -without raising
-" voce in-defence "of their just 'claim for .a small pittanv
out of your overflowing' Treasry',- or daring to express
their .indignation at your'flagraft'Injustice. Si'r, this surer
-song"of snubissin'.tnd forbearance towards this hill, asi
now exists,' lest"y.oi'may jeopardy its final passage may
S""ull-others.to'sleep,.whilst.you."cariy on yqur'"insatiable
S. plunder upon the.National Treasury,- in which my consti-
'tuents hold common stock. But,.'(said Mr:W:) if 'danino'
realih yoursense of justice an'rfd equity I intend fearlessly
S to expose your ifjtslice. It is objected by the gentleman
"from .hio, (Mr. HITTLEE'Y,) that'this aminadmeht ough
S iot. o be adopted', because.the appropriations -has not- beer
S' reported by a standing com'mtftee. My rply to thisobjec-
ti. on is-this: unfortunately for the-States'of'Tennesse
.and Kentucky,' either from- a want of. intellect 'ifi hbij
members,.or from a idant of'sagacity in the presiding boffi-
cer of this House to discover it, dr from some other-cause,
nbf politic, .just at this 'time, for me to speculate upon) ii
so happehs,'out -of the eighteen members who compost
". the -standing Committees of' Commerce and Ways and
Means, whose duty it is to examine and report upon pro-
positions bf this kind, not.one of.them is from, the State oj
SKentucky, and but'one froth the State of" Tennessee, and
he 'constltdtionally, -opposed to all. Appropriations by the
SNational Government forinternal 'improvements.. I do hot
mention this as a.'complaint of 'personal neglect.. Being
one of the youngest members uponfi this. floor, 'i'. years as
'.well as politieal:lifb, I-did not expect or desire, to bed placed
upon- one of .those important committees. Yet' I do conii-
.- der that'great neglect -has been done towards those, two
'. States, int pot-placing some one of their older members upon
one of these committees; through- whose'* hands three-
fourths of 'the business of this Rouse.- has to, Pass. .Mr.
W. Would ask this committee tb consider that itis not from
a ny-want of irntrlisic' merit in the measure proposed .by
this amendment that.it does. niot come reeommended by'a
standing committee, -but from a Want of deliberate investi-
S.gation- and just-consideration of those committees 'to
Whom this. subject waS referred the session before thlie.last,
as likewise this, by express r'esolutindm .
Sir,:if this committee will take the tronuble.-tocast their
eyes-over a list of the members composing those two coin-
mittees, they will perceive that sixteen out of- the eighteen
are selected from the-Atlantic States,' and but-two west of
S" the Alleghaniesj. one froim Ohio (Mr..CoRtwmN,) and one
from Louisiana (Mr. JOHNSOlq,) both tf which States.'are
amply-provided fqr in this bill. Sir, it is. an. old-and true
S saying, that "charity begins at home-;" and with their two
committees, inthe manufacture of this bill, it has remain-
ed at home. If it has passed without.the limits of. the va-
rious States in which the differeiont-imembers of'the conimit-
tees reside, at'ali its visits are like angels', few arid far b'e-
tween. 'Whilst every" stream, of any importance emptying
4f- ---rf-toj-letcr .tiEdfe~ra : k'.ane6tIdranch ruhnpnig from
the States of Ohio and New York into the '4oihefirn-lakes,
Sis to 'be ornamented with a splendid and, magnificent har-
S bor, large and valuable streams in the interior. States are
Wholly forgotten hnd neglected .....
S Mr. Wa.ITE said fiat this amendment was-not offered by
himu as a-mere- matter -of form .to make a: display of his
name upon 'the journal, expectingit to be:voted'downrras. a
matter of course.. No, sir; itf is offered as a matter of
substance and of just merit 'and if he should succeed (as,
he felt confident ,e could, if he could retain.the attention of
the committee) 'in convincing this .committee that this pro-
popition would bear it rigid, scrutiny, and a. triumphant
comparison,,; tested by merit, with any, object -c6ntiined
among the almost innumerable 'items of this bill, he ex-
pected it to jeeeive'-the favorabl-action of this" committee;
although it did not come before you recommended by- the
standing committee of Commerce, or Ways. and Means.
If he should fail in mantaining its intrinsic merit in coni-
parison with other objects, he-shoufd -feel it his duty. to aq-
quiesce in a vote of-rejection.. .. .
.' Mr. WfITE said that' as the-committee had- not, during.
this session, had the benefit of a report. from any.standing
-committee upon this-subject, and :as there seems to be a'la-
mentable 'ignorance In.relation. to the size and i'npor.'ance'
of. this stream, he would briefly state,, for .the information
of the committee,-that, ih' the year 1835, there was a sur-
vey made 'of this river by ont'of the United States engi-
"neers tinder a resOlution passed by this house, the -report.
.of which survey, made. by Col. Abert, of the Enigineer
Corps, -he now had before liimn-a report drawn with great
labor, highly' ereditable to the intellect of. its author; mi-
"_ nutely., describing the length and size of the river-its. ad-
vantages' for rnavigation-itsobstru'iions--the character of
soil in the counties contiguous to' its bahks--the various
.minerals'as Well as. agricultural products. He said he-
would not weary the.committee by reading the report; 'but
.if any gentleman doubts the importance bf this" river, and
desires.information, he will discover, by an examination of
this report, made by one of the'fiist.officers in the service of
the Government, that the Cumberland riVer, from its source.
to its mouth, is 500 miiles irt length, (longer than any river
.within'the limits-of the United States .that 'empties into the
Atlantic east of the 'Allegheny mountains) running through
bodies of land for the 'distance of three hundred miles thatf
will bear a successful comparison. for fertility and variety
of products with any part of the globe-abounding in niin-
erals of almost evety leseription-coal banks inexhaustible-
immediately upon. its margin--salt, manufactured to the.
amount of'a half million oTbushels annually at the various


works, the most distant'not ex'eeding thirty miles' from the.
river, which quantity could-.be greatly increased if an ad-
ditional market were opened hby the imliiovement'proposed;'
'4 stream atdniri.bly adapted-by Nature for navigation, with
but 'few natural obstructions. The sum asked to be itp-
-propriated-by'this amendment is estimated -by the engineer
who exee.utted.the survey as being sufficient to remove the
obstructions between, the mouth' of Laurel and Nashville,
a distance of near 200 miles. -This report recomtimeids in
the strongest terms the great advantages to;be derived from
the improvement'of rhe navigation of this stream, at -so lit-
tle cost to the Government. '- "
This subject,'.together with this report,..his been refei-
S ied ito sotnme standing. committee of'this House eachn succes-.
sive session since the execution of. this -,Aurvey, and -has
uniformly received the favorable action of .some commit-
tee of' this House each session preccdingthe present; but;
from press of business or some other cause, the passage of
the, appropriation for this object has always failed. Before
the survey alluded, to was made, during the 'session of
1833-4, d bill passed appropriating thirty thousand -dbllars
-to the improvement of .the Cumberland:river in. Kentutcky
and Tenmessee; but, unfortuiately fot the-People who re-.
side in Tennessee and 'Kentlucky abdve" NaSh-ville, the e-x-
.. penditureof that arppropriation was confined exclusively to
: that portion of the river lyipg'ngbelow Nashvj.ild:e By a rigid
and-most -sinigdlar -construction of the. CQnstitution, .sb
S" much of that appropriatioii as' was intended by'. Congress.
to benefit'his constituents, as-welt as: the entire population
occupying-the country ahove Nashville, -fell a victim to the
Executive veto, based upon" the newly discoveredcidea, that.
- "noappropriation by the Gen'teral. Government could be con-
stitutionally applied -above a port' qf-entry. He said he
wished ,it .distinctly u'nders.tood by the committee he dic.not'
read the.Constitution in this way ; .he wished in'o such' in-..
: -ference' drawn .fruomn his having associated the erection of a
-. port .of'.entr with the appropriation asked in. his amend-'
Sment. -'.He did-not beli'ev6 that any act passed, by Congress
S could either enlarge. or diminish, add' to or. take from.thlid-
SConstitution ; btit'the Chief Magistrate,x whose sanction-


' HOUSE


'"scorned.the character of a'beggar; he was no mendicant
for bounty.,-no petitioner for alms; his constituents would,
s purn him tiom theii presence, when he returned home, if-
'he would dare fill such a character dpon. this 'floor. He
stood hereas one of the. -Representativesof the'People'of
th-is'nation; and, in the name o(his.coristituehts, he asked'
forjutistice -nothing but" she'erjustfce. Hecalled .ipon gen-.
tlemen Tfrom the North and from the East fo bear in mind
th'at, during the .lastsesesion,.a's. likewise this, he hid voted.,
fot the appropriation of millions for the' increase, of the
'Navy' for the erection of fortifications, for the buiilding of
light-houses; .a4nd now ihe small pittance of.forty-five
thousand" dollars is asked, as the 'only appropriation fOr all'
purposes, to two States, and the m.urinvring' sound of op-
position is heard from the North, from the gentleuian from
New York,' (Mr. LEE,) from the gentleman''riom Maine,
(Mr:-SMiTi;) ahd from the West froth thezaentleman from
Ohio (Mr. WnHiit'tEEY.) Et tu Brute..' Sir, he said,.
the gen'tleinani, fromh Ohio' must permit him tao ay, lastof all
did he expect opposition fromn that quarter-the representa-
tive of a Western, adjoining -State, whose lake bQrders are
now whitened by the bones of Kentuckians who. perished
gallantly defending the wives and children of the .gentle-
man's constituents from the savegc cruelty of the Indian,
He had occupied" the attention of the committee much'lon-
ger 'than he intended whei he rose... H' kiew the great-
mass of unfinished business on hand,' and.but a-, very few
Adays remained to dispose of it; but, before he took his scat,
h'e would say, by. way'of assurance to those who. felt a deep
interest in the success of this bill, atd as a guaranty of his,
sincerity of purpose in offering this amendment, and thathe
* was actuated by no sinister design,.that, whetherhis amrend-'
ment'was sustained or not. by the committee,. he.would
.still vote'for the bill'. He wished it understood that the
justice and liberaltity-of a Kentuckian '-vere -not confined to'
the':narrow limaits'of a co0iig'ressional district, riot circum-
Sscribed by the.boundary ofa State, but commensurate with
'the just' want tof every part.of this widespread Unioxt.

W'. ANTED-A good Female Servant, who can do plain-
.V cooking, and othier-work. Apply at thestore of
Smart 15 -. W; FISCHER.*


~C~c~ ~C r


has'to 'be given to thi's bill before. it. becomes' a law,'does'
Sand in order to oliviatehis objection, and secure the signa
ture of the President to this hill, he had .inserted a claus
in the arii endment providing for the-establishmejit ojkapor
'of entry at the mouth of Labrel river, tbe highcst'poin
". upon the Cutiberland river proposed to. be improved. Thi
Sis'-his apology to-'the coinntittoe-for-prcsenting tliis singula
anomaly, thi 'sfrang; association, of the creation of a por
eo of en-try with arA "apprdpriatiqn for- the- improvement't of
s, river. .Notvithstarding the two subjects are soniewhat in
id co-igruou-,:yet the necessity of the'ease demands that th
c. incoligrity, should be- overlooked. For his own.part. h
it did not intend to stickle about a nice pbiot of oider in vot
e -nlug forbr4ths amendment' nor should" the 'committee, Onde:
'e the peculiar circumstances of tlis 'cae. His constituents
d are by o niieans a fastidious P.eople, they wart this appro
of priation, they-greatly need it, theirproslerfty much depends
le pon it; if they cannot get It in the'ordinrary way, the3
i- are willing to.resort to the' extraordinary ; if they are with-
out -Ie.limits of thIe Constitution, and catinot gain- admit-
t-- tanee through any other channel than a-port of entry, thei
d ace willing to-enter in at that-door- They regretted to bb
e sure, to learn that while the Constitution, was constr;ued
r- go as to embrace-within itsarms States aUl around,-9nd ever
s a portion of. their own .tatb,'fhey should haye.been declar-
e' 'd without its pale. They rejt)ice, however, there is a way
e opened for them nto come in; and, although it seems to them
it a ci%-dokd way,"they are disposed to avail- themselves of'the
n ofring. Being convine'edthat every member of this com-
e mitee *aA satisfied- of the. iniportance of this river, and
i-: the justice- of this appropriation, he' hoped that neither
- a.strict constructio"n'of a point of order, nor' the objection,
d growing oult of .a want of reaommendation frem the staird-
- ing committees, will-'close thisonly remaining avenue left
1 his constituents to'get back again .1nder the protecting
; arrof the Constitution. .-
S 'He. said-he was frank'totelkhowledge that, in making up
his mind upon' any proposition brought before this Hquse, a
d favorable recomrn'endatidnfromn a standing committee had
e 'a considerable influence in forming his judgmtent. Yet he
y was not willing to yield a passive obedi6nce .to. the "report
a of a standing Committee, and voteforor qgainit a measure
e in accordance wit th'eir.'reco'mmendations. He cared not
s how hd' acquired ttfe facts,, if he. considered the measure
a right, and deserving, by its rmerit, his favorble,. eorisidera-
t' *'tion ;.'he gave it .his.vot even'if it should nbtbe endorsed
v bya standing'commiiittee.- -.. "
S It will. be recollected by this committee-that he had', in
- 'more,than bne'instance-in the last two days, pnrsied -this
t course.. Upon the proposition to appropniate.twefity thou-
y sand dollars to the repair. of a fortification at the-mouth 6f
,I the Ponncctictrt river, although offered asa an amendment.
t without the'recommendation 3f a'-standifig dornmittee, he
a -gave. this 'amendientt his sanction, because he deemed it
- needful. At the same time, he was not partial to a general
* system. of fortifications as a means of defeine. '-Je did not
r f egard themin as the most -important branch of thie great sys-
- tern bfnational'defence.. A-few were absolutely necessary
- for the protection of large-cities, situated upon the'coast;.
to secure .the entrance of large harbors;. to guard the
e mouths of large rivers. But in a country like this, after ail,
I the main"' 'reliance for defence is upon the' patriotism and
. valor of the .citizens and the facilities afforded' by good.
Roads, canals, and navigable ri-vers, for ,he rapid e6ncen-
Stration-of men and supplies to-ainy and every point of our.
Extensive frontier... In time of peace, fortifications were
t expensive,- requiring a standing army. to keep them in re-
r. pair, and preserve them from ruin. Not so with navigable
rivers, canals, and roads. 'They were alike useful in peace
and war-; affbrding.imiportant facilities and benefits to agri-
. culture, manufacfures, and'-comtmerce. -
'*He wished the chairman ofthe Committee-on Commerce
- (Mr. SUTHEiRLAND) to.bear in mind that he"'voted against
the proposition 'to strike out'of the 'Navy lill-the appro'pria-
tion of 'foinr hundred thousand dollars, necessary to cdqm-
S'plete-'and launch the magnif.oent .ship of the line Pennsyl-
Vania: 'He called the recollection of the gentlemen froni
the .North to the fact of his having voted, ofily-a few days
since, for four hundred thousand dollars to build four sloops-
of war, although offered by way of amendment, and not
Srecbmmebided by the Committee 'on .Naval Affairs, 'He
said-'a" few, words in relation to the'claims'of Tennessee
and Kentucky upon the justice of-the General Government;
Sand the.neglect with which- they -had -been treated, and he
- was done,.. It will be remembered that Tennessee and
r Kentucky,'the twvo States interested, in this amendment,
pay annually a large amount in taxes upon consumption
n'to'your Treasury; 'that they are' altogether consuming
States and import nothing; that they have not a ship afloat.
Supon the ocean, and derive not one cent.of direct benefit
from all your foreign commerce, for the protection -of which
you spend millions annually;' and although-there may be
seventeen millions of revenue collected 'yearly in th'e city.
of New York, as has been bo'astihgly displayed before this-
committee by the member from that city, (Mr. LEE,) arid
zealously urged as an argument whiy iew York was just-
ly entitled to inore than an ordinary share of the disburse-
ments of the public money; yet the mierest'sciolist in poli-
tical' economy knovs that these "duties are-'ilways paid,
(and that too -with heavy interest,) by the consumers. Sir,
-Kentucky and Tennessee have been members oft.his'Con-
ifederacy near a half century. during which time how many
millions have-they contributed to your.Treasury, and how
;many hundreds 'have. they. received 'back again'? 'How
'many cents hrave'rdtutrned -to Kentucky ? No6t one'cent.
.Tennessee,. I believe, hag reeeived-forty-five thousand dol-
lars since she was acknowledged as a State. It will tot be
contended that there are any. two'States iri this' Uniioin more
-loyal, more devoted t6.the true principles of this republic.
.None are .more prompt to vindicate and contend for the
Rights -and honor of this.nation. None.are more ready to
take up the line of minarch to meet foreign. aggression, no
matter'upon what hberder of this widely extended country
it'may approach. This Government has never yet drawn
a hill upon their "'patriotism that -has not been promptly dis-
counted, nor upon their valor that has not been most nobly
redeem ed. ..
He would not detain, the committee by reciting the many
splendid" victories achieved by their daring .courage du-ing
the late war; their- rioble deeds are matters: of history.;
their fame is above the-reach of eulogy or.detraction. -No,
sir. ; He 'said he repeated, .neglect, injury itself could not
alienate the affections of the People of these two States
from this Union..' They, have long'and. patiently borne
both. .Under all political 'ehangesr their attachment has
-reniained unimpaired. You may check and' embarrass
their.progress.in wealth, as you'have done; you may im-
'poverish them by your -mistaken policy; or, to"speak in
.plain "and honest'language,. by your unpardonable neglect'
and .wilful injustice ; yet youe cannot weaken, their attach="
ment to this Government; they will continue to cling to
the Union,."'as their best, their greatest, and last hope."'
'Yet he demanded of-the candor of this committee if they
.ought not,'whilst they were scattering millions upon mil-
lions 6f the'. surplus treasure upon the seabord, and
-upon the. lakes, to.return upon meritorious and useful
objects of appropriation a small division of the perpetual
'drain, from those two 'States into the National Trea-
sury 3 He said it was not his habit 'to indulge in' com-
plaints ; b~ut; he must repeat, he felt that'these States, and'
especially Kentucky, :had been treated'by this Government
with cold neglect, 'with crying injustice,' He said he' did
not stand here- asking charity at the bar of this House,; he


The New York Gaziette.recommends that' boys caught
idling about the'streets and acquiring bad habits should be
despatchedd to sea on long' voyages, and states that many '
instances have occurredin which-youths sent away. under
such circumstances have turned out good .seamen, and.
have amassed wealth. The suggestiOn isdecidedly a good
one,.piovided that boys who may have been guilty, of crim-
inal practices are not to be confounded with those whose
fault is idleness only, owing to' the bad government of.pa-
rents. .A rteally.vicious lad on .board of a ship i.s always to6
be dreaded, because he contaminates every other lad who
may have intercourse with him, and therefore care should be
.taken to'place him where there miay be none to be. affected
by his example. 'We like the sea, and love those whose home
'is ont the. deep; and have always thought the plan of putting
boys who were fit for nothing else-mere scape-graces, on
board of a ship, a .very unfair one towards that profession.
Where .morals are sound, the discipline ot a sailor's life is.
- calculated to do good,'bat advantage should never be taken
of that discipline in such avway as to degrade an honorable
calling, requiring, perhaps, in the main,, more unspotted
integrity than any' other.-Balt. American.


"e WASHINGTON..-
t' Ltliextty and Unlio i, iov alil forever, one and
t insearalrle. .
.- SATURDAY,. MARCH 18, 1837.. .

a ."" BROAD HINqTS.': .
e
I n the American (Pb-adelphia) Sentinel ot
- 'the -16th instant we&fifid in.the -leading editorial
r article the following.veryw si-gnifieoant intimation
of the- high l'behest o'f the- democracy" ) f
s Pennsylvania:' .. .
S- It has so happened that, with the exception of a'brief
- .period uider the late -Administration, Pennsylvania has
' -' been without representative, in -the cabinet; and-that-
three opposition Spates, tasting together thirty opposition
votes, have threi members the eabinet,.whilst ennsyl-
Svania, casting thirty solid vqtea for the Administration,
'has fnorepresentative i t. In the event of a change,
we know that thle derocrcy .of Pennsylvania 'EXPE CT, as
San act of justice, as -well 'as policy, tkat tCh'e.vacaircy wUl
b'e filled by one ff her. citizens-and. we have a.. strong
r' confidencethat their expectations will not be disappoipt-
,'ed. T.herformeirunfortunate division in he .party has
been healed,'-and the' utmost hafmony -and goo4 feeling
prevail'in our ranks. 'Ttie'*ishes' of. the People have
been so clearfy. anid emphatically expressed by the Press,
through. the members of th. LegiShature, *And in -various
.other. wayq, .ia referene, to this 4ubjeo 4 thot we.appre-
'liend there cannot be the slightest difficulty in the mind
'of TK S'Rm4E1DEN in making a selection, whie-h. will be
perfectly satisfactory 'to the whole party. Indeed, rumor
'has recently., assigned a distinguished political individual
from the most decidedly democratic portion-'of Pennsylva-
nia the .head of-a d epartmen't, and we have'reason tobe-
* -lieve.t.hat it is not entirely *ithoutfouundation." .".
Put together the disjoined syllables of the pas-
sages which, w' have emphasized in the above
Extract, and they spell-Aj1 LENBER-,;-as certain-..
ly as"BERKS county is.the ""mostdeeidedly de-'
mocratic portion" of PENSN'YiYLVANrA. If the
PRESIDENT 'be at, any-- loss as to "yhat it is that
thb.. t-'Democracy"' expect 'from him, we hope
-some frien-d of-his will :shew him this' papbr, ini
which he will find the true -Reading of it.
SW e are: not sure that tie passage which we
'have qiioted..frbm the Senlrtinel would" have so
strongly y attracted our:attention, if *we had not,.
only the moment before, 'read in the Globe of
yesterday morning a'L'etter'.of some length from
the Hon. H. A. M-UHLENhERG, representative
in Cdngregssfriom Pennsylvaniia, dated at Harris-,
-burg, March 7;in reply -toan invitation from his
democratici.' fellow-citizens.' of that city, invit-.
ing him to a Public Dinner, "as one of the.firm,
.unflinching, and unwavering supportersrs of the
Administration of: Presidefit Jackson in Con-
gress.-and [also] of the' true -interests of'his
.native State;" of .which the two f'l1owin are
the concl-uding paragraphs .
Our geographical position hal; justly given us the
'appellation of. thpe Ker-stone .State ; otir productions,
both mineral and vegetable, are. intimately connected
-with' the comfort and welfare of the sister States;
our canals aerid. railroads are the very arteries through:
'which must flow. the life-blood of the domestic in-
tercourse and commeree 'of the Uriifed' States,. arid.
'her -true- interests are consequently blended' with the..
'true interests ofa vast majority of the Peopleof theL Unioni,
'.arid are entitledto the special" care of the '.General Gov-
t ernment. '
Lt, us then rememrnbe, that, in w ananga-thii terost.
'of Pennsylvania, we are maintaining the best-interests of
'the.American People. Let us impress this important
truth upon the Representatives in U'ongress o'f our'sister
States, and the result cannot fail to procure -for our wants'
'and applications the' niost respectful.consideration. It will
'assure those who might be disposed to dlaregard 'our'
claims, that it cannot be" dobe without endanrgering the
.common good." "
Now, we cannot undertake' to- say hat these
passages. mean more than they literally may be
taken to import. But, certainly, taking the. Sen-
tinel 'paragraph, and, the' two last sentences of
the last extract, together, it' may be surprised that;.
by '.':those whb are disposed to. disregard .our
claims," a certain 'high personage and his advi,
s.ers in the-General Goyernment are alluded .to..
What are the "wants" and ." applications'" 'of"
the "democracy"'of Pennsylvania, in t"ie lan-
guage of"Mr. MUHLENBERG, are'.certai.nly very
plainly to be learned frQm thje language "of the-
Sentinel, not to speak of. the' voice of common
report upon the subject. What is to.'be the
consequence'of disregarding these claims" :of
Pennsylvania, is stated in the other extract.
They cannot .be' disregarded, 'says, the, letter,
"without endangering the common good," 'that
istosay,.the good of the .purty." The.PRE-
SIDENT cannot fail to take this hint. The send-
ing of 'Mr. DALLAS on a distinguished Fo-reign '
Mission does not satisfy the expectations of -
Pennsylvania. Nothing less'than a seat in. the
Cabinet will answer, an'd the selectionn o'f the


of "March, the building formerly known as the emigrant"
hospital, and latterly used as a house pf refuge for destitute
individuals, was entirely destroyed by fire. By this event,.
one hundred and' niznety men, women, and children-have
been thrown-on the precarious support 'of privatecharity;
several have been severely burnt, and two men and a
child have perished in the flames. -The fire 'originated
from a woman incautiously carrying a lighted candle.into.
thl oakum drying room, .
According to a census of the' population of Rome, taken
in October .last, that capital contains 153,678 souls, without'
comprising the. Jews. In the above number there'are 41
bishops, 1,468 secvtlar priests, 2,023 monks, and 1,476 nuns

GENERAL ORDEg HEAD GTUAR-TERS OF THE ARMiY,'.
No.'10. ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
S- WWashington, March 17, 1837. "
The" Board of Officers for the examination of certain
iprovetnents in fire-arms," assembled at Washington
Arsenal by virtue of" General.Order" No: 2,. of February
3, having, with the approval of the Secretary of War, ad-
journed to meet on t'lhe 15th of June'next, at West Point,
New York, will, in accordance with the.adjournment, there.
convene and.resume their duties .
By' order'of Major General MACOMB "
S" .. ... R..JONE8,.Adj't GeneraT.


SHIP NEWS--PORT 'DF A.LEXANDPIA,-
S -. SAILED, MARCH 16. -
Packet brig'Tribua'6, Bough,'New Orleans.
SSrhr.. Robert Tolley,.Boston. -
Schr. Bernard,'Wixin, Boston. .
Steamer Columbia, Miitahqll, Norfolk, passengers.
No arrivals from sea. .


7' HE MANAGERS 'of the Charity Stiool at.
l tached to the FIRST PRs9BYTERIkl" CHkRitcH are desi-
rous of employing a TUTORESS'.to take charge of'the'-same.
'Unexc'eptionab'l testim6niaIs will Kb required'as f o the omnpe-
teucy'and moral and religious deportment of tMe applicants.
Persons wishliing tle situation, will cotim .nicate .with
: : Mrs. M. ST.'CLAIR CLARKE,.
tmar t3-eo3t .' First Directress..


WILLIAM' H.-ROANE Wis elected, on Tuesday
last, bythe Lgislature of VROGINIA, a Sen'ator
frnm that State to'fill the vacancy occasiQned by
the: resignation -of Judge -PARKER, resigned.
*There were three carldidates, Mr.,'RoA'NE, Judge
W-m. DANIEL,' and JNO. W. JoNEs, (a Me-nber
of the }ate -House of Representatives.) O the
send balloting, Mr. ROA'NE wat elected'by 80
to 62'for Judge DANIEL: three scattering. Mr.
ROANXwas formerlyy,' maniy.years- ago,' a Met'-
betr of the House of Representatives of the Unit-'
ed .-States:, The reader will 'probably recollect
that.,, very lately,.hIe declined t. accept the office
ot-Postmaster for'the city of Rlchmbnd, offered
"to hit by: theM Eiecutive of the U1jnitld'States;

.What can be done ?" 'Cotnplains appear to-be
of no avail, but'cbmplainit is. the only. privilege
left .usm. How much longer, Amtos,' mudst our
'pafience'e'ndure ? "R''aal whaT'fc'lloW: '
.' MNOBILE, MARCd 1837 .
oMesirs. GALES & SkATON : Although I :ha~e been. for
years a subscribor t% your paper,.I now get it-so irregular-
ly that. I shall. have, fpr th'e present, to discontinue it.
SShould the mails-become more. regular, I-shall conmnence
again at the next session of C'ongrges. Be so good as to
send me my account, ahd I will remit you the money.
S ",' R espeetuily., [
SJAnMgS.'N. 'BARKrl;, Esq. has been re-appoint-'
SedCollector-of the port of 'Phil'adelphia. He,
-it.Will b4 recollected; was one of .the. gerntlemn
Whp.owas' proscribed by the Pemocratic general
.Committee, who demanded of-Mr. VAN jBIRE'NR
that MYf. -AS", thbe 'ate member of' Congress,
should .be. laced in the office in his stead.---:
Mtropolian. "- -
S[Mr. ASH. has, however, got an'-,. office',. it
seemss* The. Philadelphiamperg state that he
has been appeinted- 'avy Agent ii that city-.]

The flowing notice of the deathti of Major
'LEE is from Galinanrii's (Pais)- MesSenger :
S: "DEATH OF MAJOR HENRY. LEE,'.
,- AtrfTHOt OF .THE LIFE OF"NAP'OLEON, &C.. "
-'This distinguished AzMERICAN. has fallen a ictiri'to the'
epidemic- which now pervades the. capital'.. He expired
on the.30th Jan uary, after much suffering, from a short ill-
qess of complicated influefiza.. ", '
In the prime of life, anrd in the full vigor of a well culti-
vated intellect, the riches of which have already co'tribu-
;ted to the literature -of the:age, his untiringassiduity has
.been suddenly arrested in- the promising.career in which his
hopefuil'frieqnds, with-so tiueh pleasrre,.saw, him fast ad-
vancing.. .
While letters losein him a zealous votary, his numerous
frimlds, who know the greatness of soul which' characteri-
Sed'hjs actions, .the suavity., of'his temper,' his .modesty
and urbanity of manners, will mingle their tears with those
of a disconsolate.Aidow., and'long reg'ret.that "'that hand
which.wasas firm in' friendshipas.it was strong in battle,"
has been.so soon palsied by the old grasp ofdeath.'"

* At therequest of a'respectahble memberof one
of our religious societies, we .o.py .the:follow.ing.
paragraph from the Boston Recorder of March
20, 1835: ": "
"' CAUTION TO. -THE, CHARITABhE.-We have been called
upon, from iveril respectable sources, to warh the Public
against the solicitations o'f JOHa -I. SLACK, Esq.," who.is
soliciting money, wherewith 'to foundd a literary institution
in .some part of Canada. Accoidinsr to the representa-
tions made to us, he is not the agent, of any. board of.trns-
.tees, or obf any association 6f men Whatever; the money
give is not given to any existing institution, but to Mr.
Slack' himself; and t4h givers have no security but Mr.
8lacli's word,'that it will'.ever be- applied to any such pur-
pose. We understand he.-Jias the names of several res-
peoabTe:men; who'speak well of. his object,- but we do'iot
t. *> y .u,, aq if.4 tl d ",ilth Mr. Slack certi-
fie thai he is. trustworthy. "'In some cases the donors have
.b)Tlpeile(1 lhim to' refund what they had givcn.
." If any" choose to make presents to Mr, Slack, on the
strengthl. ofrhis promiser,'that, when he-thinks himself rich
ehough, he--will establish a.collegein .Canada, very well ;.
'but we advise'all others to. examine his 'claims very.tho-.
roughly before they give"?'
.A subsequent number .of the. Recorder coni-
.tains the'followitng: : '
JOHN H." SLACK, Eaq.-We have .s&en .this gentleman
and his credentials. The '"limitation"o-to the recominen-
dati1n, of Dr.- Harris, is o'ri.the paper, but -o written that,_
when the sheet is folded, as .it m',y easily' be, it is invisible,
*Mi..Slack says he has'neier been "corhpelled"' to' refund
rany thing, but has.'alwayas paid back willingly the stb-
scriptions of those who-were dissatisfied."-

RUNNtING IN DEBT.-'The following remarks' upon this
subject are extracted from" D'Israeli's new work "Henri-
etta Temple:'! .
If youth but kne,. the fataj misery that they are en-.
tailing, on themselves the moment they accept a-pecuni-
ary credit, to which they are not eptitiled,how they would
'. start iri their- career! how pale they. would turn,! how'
they would'tremble amid clasp their hands-in agony at the
precipice on which they are disporting! -Debt is the pro-
lific mother o.f folly- and crime ; it" taints the course .of
life in. all its streams. 'Hence -so many unhappy mar-
riages, so many prostituted pens, and venal politicians!
It hath: a small beginning; but a giant's growth, and.
Strength. When we make the monster, we make our "
master., who'haunts us at all hdurs, and shakes. his" whip
of scorpions 'forever in our sight. The slave hbath no'
oversteer so severe. FaUsfus, when he signed the bond
with blood, did not secure a doom so terrific." .
ljomicide.- -We learn that in an affray which took plaice"
last Saturday,. n.ear. Pohick Cluich,l Fairfax.county," Vir:.
ginia, Sanford Beach was stabbed by James' Simons, and
died ftom.the'wound on 'the, following' Monday. Simons
has been arrested a'nd committed to jail.-Alex. Gazette.
CA'LAMITOUS FIRE AT ltUEBEt.--On the niight of the 3d


W ( The Board of Managers of the -" Wash.:
ington City Orphan Asylum!" return their grateful* ac-
knowledgments 'to the 'Managers of the Inauguration Ball'
forthe very kind and: liberal' donation' of sevdfi hundredd
dollars to their institution. mar 18
n The Rev. 'Dr. Chapin, President of the Co-
'lumbian'College, will preach an Obituary Sermon to-morrow
morning, (19th inst.) in-the Baptist Meeting-house, on 10th street,
on the death of the Rev. LUTHER RIcG, the principal founder of
-said college, whose decease was sometime since announced in
this paper. Services to commence at 11 o'clock.
iar 18 S" .
TONE FOR ITHE DELAWARE BREAK-
WATEl.-Proposals will be received 'by the under-
signed, through the post office, (Philadelphia,) until the 15th of
April, for the delivery, at the. Delaware Breakwater, of Stone
to the value of one hunridred thousand dollars. The stone to be
of the-haidest'and most durable kind. A preference. will be gi-
ven to that containing' the least mica. One-third of the quanti-
ty is -tequired, in pieces exceeding two tons (of 2,240. bs.)
.weight; and. ihe other two-thirds in pieces not less than on.e-
quarter'of a ton weight. The whole to be delivered on or be-
fore the 15th day of. November next. .
Proposals will bie received-specifying the rate per ton of each
size. for-any'quahtities over 'one thousand toins.. ''. .' -.
Payments made in this'city, oni producing evidence of deliv&-
xy at the Breakwater, .subject to a reservation of ten per cent.
as security, for the performance of the contract.
For any inmore information apply to the undersigned, at his of-
fleie,. 208 Spruce street, Philadelplhia, or t Lieut. P. A. S'nith,
of the corps of Engineers,. at the Breakwater. -
RICHARD DELAFIELD,
mar. 18-dtl3thA. Captain of Engineers.
OR RENT.-The south piartfof House and Lot, as now
--'- divided, at the corner of Maryland avenue and Twelfth
street west, .containing five rooms and passage, a fine cellar,
also-a'kitchen,. withthree room's, and separate stairway. The
house is in-good order, andl has a large back yard ahil. stable
attached to the premises. Possession can be had immediately.
.For particulars, itiquire of Mr. R. M. Bell, living adjoining, oi
Ewi7,dr^r Mattingl,, *'meqr,, the...,. Wp.vv Yn .


"' -. .. FROM FLORI "A. ..
S" .. : GEPIRGIAN OFICE, .
.'" ".' sea AVANNAII, MxAcMi 13, .1837.-2 P. M
Tie. steam 'packet Florid'a, Captain HEB&ARDs arrived
- this morning-'from St. John's, but, We lear", brings no in-
telligence froti the scat of war prmniising a fihal termnina--
lion of hostilities. .
The.JacksonVille Courier,. 6f Thursday last, rejeived'by
this arrival, has' the fllo0.wig : "
S: ,- JACK.SONVILLE,'M;;rch'9.
The prospect of peace which, three, w.eeks. ago. opened
bright and beautiful uipon us, js growing dim and indistinct.
With the-smoke'and cloud -ofanificipaieXan'd renewved war-
'fare. The day of peace, like the long-sought landofItaly^
Srecediig before the fleet of thief Trojan. jEneas,flies before
us-into the future. -. .
SAfteT all the time spent, all the indulgniei given,'all the
'credit vouchsafed to the Sioni' chiefs, and their tales of
being tired of war, of wishing to sutrender, they'haye trot
yet come in, or had nrot, at the last ihtolligenoe *from Fort
.Armstr'ng. Mictinopy, Philtip, and Oc.eola,' have ybung
warriors yet unsubdued, unhlumbled, proud, daring,'and as"
greedy for tlihe battle's broil as ever.. Our confidence; even
what little.wve htd,ofthe was being over, is growing faint-
er and-fainter-because the Indiahns linfter in- coming in-
"they "haie not-done" as Jumper" anSigator'poromls'd-"
they seet to be. acting a deceptive part-they are inanoeu-
vreing and are ambiguous and entgmafiticrl in their' talks;" so
far as we can judge from'what we hedr---and because Gen.
JEsuP mhimselt, it our opinion, places very little confldenee
in'those'hiefs that have come-in. -
Every.ptecaution is being made to. prosecute "the vear.
News from Volusia',-on tile 7th'instant, says, that nothing
late had been hea'rd.there from Dad'e'A battle ground; i'nd
-nine companies,' undei-Lieuteiant 6otonel HARN'&YyJ'Werq
to.hayd'left that place on tihe 8th instant for Fort Mellon,
at Lake Mdnroe. Provisions, stores,'lumber,'&c. are be-
ing transported thither; as if an active'campaikn iere conm-
tnencing.. We fear General [esuip las-lost time by his hu-
manity, in- giving the hostiles the'tinie they asked" to sur-
render. 'That they wil surrender, tbhre are yet. dopes;
slight hopes. 'Daily, we expect to heari something deci-'
sive on this pdint. We must wait for what time will bring
'to light.--Courier. .. "

ANOTHER MAIL ROBBERY, THE ROBBER" CAUGHT,
S. AND $3,000 RECOVERED. .
CINCIlNATI; MARCH '10.
The packhge of letters sent from the post'offioe in this'city.to
.Louisville,. was stolenn from t-he-mail-on board the steambdat Bert
Franklin, Qn hler..way to the latter plaee, on the 28th ult. : Th'e
circumstanees'of the .theft, and 'tlthie manner'in Which the robber
was detected and caught, are-these .
- Th'e Exchange Bank in .this city hadron that day,-rmift-ed to
Louisville a package of bank notes, among which. we're three
$2 checks. (naade 'to. resemble lBank-notes)' of Prcsburg"& Co.
on th'e above bank, which had been '*aid, and.were marked as
cancelled. On .the 6th'inst. one of the icancelled-checks wag
found to be in'circulation, of which our eic'ellent .marshal, Mr.
,Saffii, was informed, who i'mrnediitely set abo'adt tracing the
source whence it emanated since its deposit in the mail on the
28th'ult. It was soon ascertai nied'to have been issued by a man
named ALFRED CRAmIG,. who. was em4poldye.d as mate on board of
the.Ben Franklin, but who, an her return trip, had left the boat
al or near "Big. Bono,". KenritucWy.- .
SNo doubt now reminained but he was the mail robber; conse-
quentlyf Mr. Saffin, accompanied by. constables Brooks and
O'Neil, set out'n- the 8th in pursuit of the offender. Theypro-
.ceed.ed-tohis house, near Big. Boime, about 2Ji miles from the
river, and about 20- miles below this city, where, fortunately,-
they found the object of their* pursuit, singing'songs in, ttie midst
of his family. He'was-ihstan'tly seized; arid, 'so'shddn a'nd' ef-
"fectdal was the sei-ure, that lie was prevented, fiom using a
large Bowie' knife with which -he was armed, and which ha
strug gled manfully to get hold of Mr ,'Saffin and'his-cormpan-
,ins founfid in Craig's possession all the monr ey ($3",000 the rat-
ter had'stolen, from the mail bags, except abouttS300. Of this
latter'suim he had purchased, in this place, an elegant gold watch
nid chain, for -ivhich he paid 1S.0,- and which was also found
upon his person. .
HPe .was brought to.th is city, and, tfter an examination before
She mayor, committed to jail.
Among-the inoney found in-his possession was a: package con-
tainiig $1,200,'which had been reminitted by Mr. Geobrge Grq-.
ham, jr. of this place, to Louisville.- Whig. .

S MARRIAGE.
On Thursday evening last, by the Rev. Mr. NoBtE,
Mr. WILLIAM DALTON to.Miss EMILY CROG-
GON, all of this city. ..-
: [CoMMuNJCATED.]
Died, in Georgetown, on Monday night, the 13th of
March, Mr. JOHN G.. FORD, a native of the State of
Maryland, anid since 1812 an ihh.bitant of Georgetown.
Mr.'-F. was, at the time of-his death, in his 77tb year,
an'd--during his long life sustahied a character of irre-
proachable integrity and uniform sincere piety.;-
The deceased-might be classed with that portion of our
.rice,.-wvho, in the emphatic .language of Scripture, are-de-
signated as the "salt of the qarti,"- foir the practice of -his
life harmonized with his religious professions, and his ac-
.tions' showed him to be imbued with that spirit which
teaches, man "' to do justly, to love mercy, and to walk
humbly with thy God." His interesting and affectionate
family and extensive circle of friends have in their bereave-
-ment this abiding consolation, that' he has -gone to the
fruition of a well-spent life, and though the sorrowful heart
must mourn, it does not "mourn as those without hope."


REMEDY FOR PILES.-W. GUNTOhba; been''
lU appointed sole -agent for'the sale'of l. R. Miltimnore's"
'Liniment fqr the Piles, and is authorized, it case 'ofIts tailing
to effect a cure, to refund the price (five dollars'per lrott.m-) to the
-purchaser, on return of the bottle, with a.'crtifAcate oofit'-fail.te".
The following, among other ttestimonial, hPav't Been roeeived'"'-.
as to its .efficacy: .
Mr. J. R. MILTIMORE : .Havig used'your Lihiment for the
Piles in a number of cases, I can recothitnen&it"withi the faltest
confidence. .
Yours,, with respect.
." J. S. s LEvirAND,. '
Akron, Portage county, Ohio, .Aa.. 20, 1836.
JAMES R. MiLTIMOOai, Esq.-When you first' spoke to swe
about your Pile Liniment,'I had'no recolrection ofits being usqd
in any case within m'y knowledge; but'-sipnce then, I'ave& met .
with a considerable number within ile circle of my practice
Who hav;e used it with the most.decided adv'iatage, arid they -
universally declare that they liave .received more ielief-from"
itF application than from any mediCine they lave' ever uted. I
am fully persuaded from all tHlat f can learn' resp'ecfing it, that,
by a due.observance of th-e directions, it.will have a'siore pow- -
- erful tendency thai any other medicine or compoition .to re-
lieve-itperson from that painful and distressing disease, t*e.Piles
Yotirs,'most respectfully, .
TIO. RICQITMOND, M. D.
Akrn .'Of ;rn. Rte..t. 1, n " "


n^iwara iviaungl-u neMarLl tne t lard. ftKFUUtr MUM. S L E I, iCOU
m ar 18- w3w "
T This may certify that I'have been 6urerd by the' ee of Mrn. J.
SHINTI NG MATERIALS ]FOR SALE.-The R. Miltimores'.Lirnimen.t for the Pilis, a'nd"can. therefore recorm-
.U undrsigned, ha;-ing long since declined the printing b uisi- end it b6 inga quick and effec al remedy .. -
ness, offers the remainder of his materials for sal, among-. ": W. BODWE14 T. .
which are- Akron, Sept. 4. 1836.. ..
I super royal Ramage Press- .. .
1 'royal do I hereby certify that I. am personally. aeq painted with the ,
400 pounds a Pica signers of the. above certificates, and lknow.them to be men of
4 00 do S nball Pica .t -truth and veracity. "SETH J.REDEIL,
100 do Double Pica', ''. -Myo ofT )te wofAi noti.'
S English .. Mayor of't-e town.ofAkron." "
S Two-line English Akron, Sept. 4,48-36. ear I8-.ero3t .1.
S..Columbian-Backslope. ('C ABINET AND CHAIR FACTORY., Louisiana
S Pica Antique, Brevier db .. Avenue, between Sixth and ev'en-th'streets, immediate- .
S German Text ly north of the Bank of Washington.-The' subscriber will "
Double Pica-Black'- .." -keep constantly on hand, for sale; a good assortment of Cabinet
Grecian and-other Borders- Furniture,-which will'be disposed of low forcash, or on accom- -
Horse Cut, Wood Cuts, modat'ing.0trms for app'roved.,paper. Old' rfin'iture takeii in ,
12mno. Scabbards, Quotationsm- exclihnge for new..' OJ. hand, an excellent assortment of Ma- '
.Yurniture, Quoins, &e. &c. hogany of all descriptions, with a.fine-lot of Veneers.
.Cases, Racks for do' He will', in.a short periott, havey sQme- articles'of FPirniture '
Racks for forms, with boards- made'up.of the Ze'lbra.W.ood; which is most beautiful, and lately '
Letter Boards, Chases been introduced into'this country. .
Canisters for preserving Ink- N. B. Having had considerable experience 'as Undertaier;
Fount-Case, with 5Adrawers l i le is prepared at all times to attend Funerals.
With many oliher articles, all in excellen-t'order, and will' be mhm18"-e.o3t .WL JAMES WILLIAMS-'
soldlower than theyjcan probably be purchased any where else. N OTiCE-Th u r wis to e g s va-
marl8-eoQTIC .-Th s u *W OOE, R.. l 0"be"r" wishes to exchag om a
mar -eo3 WM. COOPER,t. loayle LANDS it Louisiana', say-20'00 acues,*for Ntgroes. -
B OARDI'G-.'-- rs. MOUNT, a few doors east of Mr. The land is well adapted to. the cultivation of cotton or sugar-
1 'Gadsby's Hotel, on Pennsylvania Avenue," is always pro- He is also desirous to 'enter nto' partnership, for the purpose of -
'pared fir. thereceptian of boarders, 'eitfror'by-the-daty' week, cultivating cotton or isgar, with anyone owning slaves who
Smonith, or year. Citizens, as well as strangers, will- find plea- may wish.to enrbark in that-lucrative branchof industry.' For
'santl apartments, and comfortable accommodations, on the further 'information apply to. G. WATTE BrSTN, Washbngto" .-,
most moderate te'r-ns, and shq pledges herself to give every at: "or to GEORGE W .ATTERSTO
tention. mar'l6-eo3t ..ihar l'8--2aw4w W. T New Orleans.'


.EDrrORlfWR RREP ONDENCE.; "'

..N. YORK, MARCH.. 16..
Since I wrote you yesterday, our city 'Iaspre- -
sented an aniimated appearance, rather,' howe-
-ver,,in political than in business -matteis. Mr,'
WEBSTER landedl about 3 'ysteiday after-
nooh, and was welcomed' at. the point- qf debart
cation' by thousands four fello.w-citizerts,_'The
steamboat that brought himn. to .the.. haf Was
crowded to oierflowing, and ipo.n lartd,rahmost
as far as thd-eye could recbeh, night be seen .a'
great rnass ofmeni eager, to'-welcom'e ihe disti-
.guished. defender of- the: !Cohstifutiofi. .Mr,.-
SWEBSTER was received in 'an Vega'nt baruche4 e
and wvelcwimed with loud and.'re heated' cheer "
-from the assembly.- The- proeession "Was per'-.,-
haps,"for its numbers, .the most orderly ever -&s- ',
'sembled in the city:. .F'rom-tlie landing'the-pro,.
cessibn proceededd to the Amrteai iTote';'where '
. preparations" had been made for.Mr:. WEBSTER.#
reception.'- In the evening, at 6. o'clock,.- t*'o- -
* sand,'of persons'a~s-sem-bFea- tO"-h'f-l,'7W. EjGr ",-"
STER at Niblo's Safoofi. The rush Was Iremen.
dou;. and as-soon as-the doors of the Saloon
were opened, the xoonts,. ghleries,. and .flooTs,.
door'waays, and every nook and. corner in and-
around the building, 'wre filled, '. .
The meeting was ca'lld to order by .Alderman'.
CLAiRK, "the' Wh4g candidate for M-a-%r.. DAviAi -
BI. O-GDEN vas made'-President of the meeting--
Messrs. CoRN.ELI:, GoIODHUB, .TOVKER, 'ad
.ELD, YVicY .Presidant...." .Mr, O.lEN'addresied.
Mr. WEiBSTER in' a fe.w appropriate remniarki,
.c6mmetding h.is 'course in the tUnited. S'fates
Senate, "& .hAa h Mr WXgsJTEiR''rose for a reply-
He began his remains at a quarter-before se.ven,.
an.d continuedd them 'vo hour& andahaf:.T: Tl e .
audience were 'miserably accommodated,' but-
rievertheless,' listened -with pktiende' aid. the
deepest litterest .tbo his address, inrrt6rruptiig'itf
.all points with. tremendous. cheeringg "a-rid :api
pltause.. The subject of' the address embraced
all thed'eading topics of political discussion. It
will' be published entire "in a fe.w days, and'I will -.
*nQt,, therefore, nowm'niutrder it by s'keteh'ing even
its most prominent pointe of interest.,' "
SHdlf past three.-'-We. hive had anrarriv'alfron
Liverpool thismhorning; bringirig news, five da%_'A
later from"Europe'. The Londou money mari
ket upon the 7th- February was ais bad almost
-the New. YOrk mQ6ey market. The Liverpold'"
cotton market -was also- bad. pricess were de- -
ldining, and :the demands 'feW' .P olitica l hews "
'unimportant. Ouri' 6wnstock' market has' also
further declined to-da.y,; which of course is bad
.news to all of our stock speculalbrso. ..
Yu .s. '
*'" .... : Y dours.: ."- '- ,,--...

P. S.-I have just"lheardithat't'ere wau a4es-'
tructive fire at Norwich-on fhe 13th:inst. "loss .
twenty-five .thousand dollars, insurance twenty-
thousand dollars. The,' paper-mill. of 'A o
Hubhard, and the building of the cotton mnanu-'
facturing company, wert destroyed'" .
gf 'Au adjourned meetii)g df tlUe& C61oubia Ifyp -
g'raphical Society will take place tlis evening at.-half-past 7
o'clock. '. A; GOBRIGHlT, Sec'6...
"F ITRNITURE' SAEE.--On Satjurday' iotning, t18th
"inst., opposite Brown's Hotel,-at II.-o'clopk, -we shall. sdlr
a quantity of Furniture.for a lady leaving the city, Tiz -
Frehchi, Post, and-Ti-undle Bedsteads '
Carets, Straw'mattifng, Sof,.-ChiairS,.Settee. '
Easy Chair, Sideboard, Bureaus .... -. ...
Mahogany Dining Tablesr Beds, Mattresses: .
Blahkets, Crib, Washstands', Lookir jGlasse' "
Plated Castor, Knives and Porks, Lamps .'., ".
SStoves, Ciockery, Glass, Books,- Kitchen utensils, & ".
Sale for cash. P.. MIAURO & SO'N. -
mar 17-2t '
V ALUABUE'* FAKR 'FOR. JAflE.-Purau8ant t
ting, rendered on the 14th day of' March,'o 1837, in' the" case "
of Mary yandevanter, guardian 'of Afbert.'Vandev'anter e.I
others, and James Sinclair, guardian of' Charlee Sinclair anc(
others, 'plaintiffs against Albert V'Va'ndevanter and" others, and
Charles Sinclair and others, db'e'ndan'ts,Vill bie sold at public'
auction, on the 8th day of'April next, abofit the middle of the
day, the tract of land i.n the'bill and proceeqittgs' mentioned
being the same of. which-Captain Iiaac-Vandeva.nter died seiz-
ed; it contains about 270 acres, ties three' miles 'es'of Lees-
burg, immediately on the paved road to SnickAasville. A fair
proportion is finely timbered, and ahost of the balance in a'high'
state of cultivation; for grainor grass the meadow'is believed to
be surpassed'by. none in'the countyy, The irnfproveirents are a
largd stone house tw6 stories high, Well -fih'ished, astoe 'kirrhen, .
a good tmeat-hduse, corn-houses, and wagon-tiouse, ice-house,
stables, iad other necessary buildings; Nb> situatiBn'"in "tjie
'county -more healthy. "
The'salc will take "place on thf premises. .Terms': onie.-'.
third cash, the balance in two equal annuall payments, wit-hout'
interest. '. "Tf.OS ROGERS, -
'mar 8--:te '- Commissioner of-ale.
. OB SALE, a new. two-story .Brickj Dwelling-
E house, situated on G street, between 12th at'd 13th.st.
north, fronting sotth 16 feet, 30 feet' deep,'lot % feet, running "
back to a 30 foot alley. .- -
Persons wishing to purchase will do well to Qall and view'the
premises, and consult with the prop.rietor, as they may get a
g rea t b arg a in .. .
mar 17-d3C RICHAR -WROE.


.person to fill,.it -is-to be made, not by the PRE-.
.SIDEN.T, bitfor.him, by the self-sty!ed "d'emoc-
ricy'. of the State b .
-There: is. one circumstanee,'in this attempt to
force a..particixar. indididual into the President's
Cabinet) which can hardly escape the attention
of'the most 'careless observer, arid that is, the
publication bf. this letter of Mr. 'MUHLENBERGJL
in the Globe on .the'very miorhing of the aniival
'here- of the Sentinel containing this broad in- :
timation of'thel expectations of "the. party") in-
Pennsylvania. If this simultaneous-publication"
be aeide-ntal merely, it is, to' say the least of it,
a very curious coincidence. '







I -


PUBLIC ACTS
PASSf;" AT THEr SECOND SESSION OF
T B TIVENTY-TY'O URTH CONGRESS..
[cONTINUD.]I

[No. 29.]-:AN AUT linking appropriations for building light-
houses, light-boats, beacon-lights, buoys, and dolphins, for the
year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven.
Be it enadcd, 4 c. That the -following appropriations be, and
the same are hereby, made and directed to be paid out of any
money in thbe Treasury "not otherwise appropriated, to enable
the Secretary of the Treasury to provide, by contract, for build-
ing light-hou.es, beacon-lighfts) and for other purposes herein-
after mentioned.
STATE O6 MAINE.-Fo'r a light-house to be erected on a pro-
ter site on Mark island, in Harpswell sound, five thousand dol-
lars; 'for alighit-house to b'e erected on a proper site on Mount
Desert island, at the entrance of Frenchman's bay, five thousand
dollars for a light-house on Ramin island, at the mouth of Dania-
risracftta river, five thousand dollars; for a fog-bell on Seguin
island, at the entrancee of Kenneblec river, fifteen-hundred dol-'
lars; for jilacing buoys on West Quaddy bay, and for substitu-
ting for the present ftbg-betl,at the entrance of said passage, a
caststeel triangular he-1, or ; bell of the usual form, but increas-
ed weight, one thousand fiM- hundred dollars; for a light-house
jo be erected on a proper she .t Spoon isle; in Penobscot bay,
five thousand-dollars- for-i'light-hoise to be- erected on Saddle-
back ledge, in Penobscot bay, five thousand dollars ; for a light-
house to be erected on Eagle island point, in Penobscot bay, five
thousand dollars; for q light-house to be erected at the mouth
of Pleasant river, five thousand dollars; for placing monuments
on Fort Point ledge,.Adams's ledge, and 'Buck's ledge, in Pe-
nobsbot river, three thousand dollars; for erecting a beacon-
light on Half-tide" ledge,.and two buoys about a lmile and a half
from the town of Sullivan, in ihe county of Ilancock, three thou-
sand dollars; for the erection.of a tight-houise on York nubble,
in the county of Yerk, lve thousand dollars for a monument
on Porterfield'aledge, lying between Owlshead and Goose river
point, and-a spindle onanother ledge lying near the Porterfield
ledge, two thousaind six hundred dollars.
STATS or NEW HAMPSHIa'.F-Por the erectjon fof a pier on
the east side ot Whalesback light-house, to secure it from the
force of the waves, three thousand dollars; for placing buoys at
the entrance.of Spruce creek, on, the eastern edge of "Sunken
-rocks," andi at thil east side of Atfnazecn island, five hundred dol-
larse for placing buoys on "Cod rock," near Port point, four
hundred dollars.
STATE OF MAssACfsrUdTs.--For two small light-houses,
shouldtwo'be necessary, on proper sites, at or near Ipswich har-
bor, seven thousand dollars:; for a light-house to be erected on
a proper site at qr near Ned's pint, contiguous to the village of
Mattapoisett, five thousand dollars ; for three small light-houses
on Nauset beach, Cape.Cod, hfteen feet high, ten thousand dol-
larsl .for the erection of buoys upon the rocks and ledges at the
entrance of the harbors of Lynn, Salem, Beverly Marblehead,
and Manchester, two thousand five hundred dollars; for placing
buoys on AIdridge ledge, False spit, Hunt's ledge, Hospital Isl-
and ledge, SculpionIledge,.Governor's Island point, and Little
Farm bhr, in Boston harbor, five hundred dollars; for erecting
a beacon at the month of New Bedford harbor, two thousand
dollars; for two small beacon-lights on the north side of Nan-
tucket island, five hMindred dollars; for placing a spindle in
the harbor of Edga-rtown, and buoys, two hundred dollars; for
erecting a light-house-at Wing's neck, five thousand dollars ;
%r buoy-s in the harbor ofMattaiapoisett, one htmdred dollars, f'or
buoyss on Say rook, 't.Pe tedge s o the slhoal- on the west side of
"Tafitof t Aei,, "plpoite Pall -river, six hundred dollars; for
'buoys at a place called Egypt, in Taunton river, one hundred
dollars ; for a beacon onluscle bed, and a beacon on Oyster
bed point, in Mount Hope bay, five thousand dollars ; forma light-
house on Mayo beach, in Wellfleet bay, one thousand dollars ;
for a buoy at Deep Hole rock near Oyster island, on the south
side of Barnstable, three hundred dollars.
STATE OF CONNECTICUT.-For rebuilding a light-house an a
proper site on lynde point, at the mouth of Connecticut riv,;r,
five thousand dollars; for-placing buoys on Black Boy reef, Bar-
ney's reef, Stony Point reef, and Wheeler's rock, in the harbor
of Killingworth, three hundred dollars; for a beacon already
commenced at Round island, on Saybrook bar, fifteen hundred
dollars; nine hundred dollars to meet the expenses of the work
as far as executed,' the balance to complete and secure the
same,; foroihacing buoys oa the rocks in the harbor of Green-
wick,three hundred dollars forIlacing buoys in Mystic harbor,
one hundred dollars; bfor a sea-wall to'preserve the light-house
-and other buildings on Fair*eather:island, ,near lack Rock
,harbor, five 'thousand dollars.
STATE OF RiHODE IULAND.-For a liglit2hous(e on Papoose
Squaw point, a place near to, but below, the post'ol 'Bristol, five
thousand dollati; for placing a buoy and bintcon on South White
rock, and a buoy on Charles rock, near the harbor of Wickford,
one bendred dollars,; for rebuilding and changing the location
oftheligit dih Block island, five thousand dollars; for eight
vlolpbins-and two buoys, northward of Field's point, in Provi-
"flesm.e river, one thousand dollars.
.S'AT- OF Naw Yonc.-For a light-house on a proper site on
Cumberland head, Lake Champlain, five thousand dollars; for
*the erection of a light-house on a proper site at Split rock point,
Lake Champlain, five thousand dollars ; for a revolving or dou-
ble light upon the south side of Execution rocks, opposite Sand's
point, in Long Island sound, five thousand dollars; for a light-
Big Sandy' creek, on Lake Ontario, county of Jeffer-
4 thousand dollsa.- for a lihm-hogie .-'' ".
pa t iiendefiy~ni fhe'cunty of Jefferson, three thou-
: .-llars; for buoying out Gedney s channel, three thousand
Sfift- 0,; for a beacon light at Silver creek harbor, on Lake Erie,
sandad five hundred dollars; fora light-house on Flynn's
"W near Sandy Hook, two hundred thousand dollars, to be
built ulpder the direction ofthe Engineer department; for a light-
boat off Sandy Hook, twenty-five thousand dollars; for placing
a beacon on Romer's shoal, near Sandy Hook, fifteen thousand
dollars; for the -erection of a light-house at Esopus meadows,
on the west shore of the Hudson river, three thousand dollars ;
for placing a buoy on the wreck of a vessel sunk atTappan bay,
one hundred dollars; for a light-house on Cedar island, Sag
harbor, one thousand dollars; for placing buoys in Sag harbor,
two hundred dollars; for erecting a light-house 'at Rondout
creek, on the Hudson river, five thousand dollars; for erecting
a beacen-light at Dun'kirk harbor, two thousand seven hundred
dolUari for erecting a beacon-light at Van Buren harbor, two
thousand seven hundred dollars; for a floating-light, to be sta-
tioned on or near the Middle Ground, so called, in Long Island
sound, nearly abreast Straitford point, ten thousand dollars ; for
a light-house on Robin's reef, in the harbor of New York, fifty
thousand dollars.; for a light-house at Salmon river harbor, three
-thousand dollars.
STATE OF NnW JlEasn..--Por a light-house at the mouth of
-Cohansey ereeki five thousand dollars; for the erection of a
light-house at or near Egg island, near the entrance of Maurice
river, five thousand dollars ; for erecting a light-house near Ab-
secum inlet, on the sea-coast, in the State of New Jersey, to be
so constructed as to be distinguished from the other light on the
-coast, five touiaind dollars.
STATE OP PENNSYLVANIA.-For completing the beacon-light
at the.end of the pier which forms the entrance into the harbor
of Erie, on Lake Erie, six hundred and seventy-four dollars.
STATE OP DzEAWAE.-'For a light-house on the lower or
southsen'd o eetde y island, in the Delaware bay, ten thou-
sand dollars; for the erection of a light-house on the Brandy-
-' wine shoal, in the Delaware -bay, in addition to the sum already
appropriated, fifteen thousand dollars, agreeably to the plan and
estimate made by Hartman Bache, of the engineer corps ; for
mooring buoys in the harbor of the Delaware breakwater, two
thousand dollars. -
STATIE OF MARYLAND.- I"or a light-house on a proper site on
Sharp's ialand,'In the Chesapeake bay, five thousand- dollars ;
for placing buoys on the riv"-rs Nanticoke, Manokin, Annames-
sex, Pocoanoke, and Wicomico, Hooper's and Cajey's straits,
and Tangier and :Pocomoke sounds, the sum of t'wo thousand
-five hundred dollars, in addition to a former appropriation; for
erecting a light-house at Love point, in addition to the sum here-
tofore appropriated, one thousand dollars.


STATB OP VIROINIA.-For the erection of a light-house on
the south end of Hog island, on the Atlantic coast, live thousand
dollars ;- for a light-boat on York river spit, or a light-house, ten
thousand dollars; for removing the light-house at Old Point
--eomfortt6tofortressMonroe, six thousand dollars; for a light-
house in the Chesapeake, eight thousand dollars; for a light-
house at Day's point, on James river, five thousand dollars ; for
a light-boat, or light-house, in the Potomac river, between Ma-
thias pojnt, in Virginia, and Maryland point, in the State ofMa-
ryland : Providod, on inquiry, the Secretary of the Treasury
shall deem such light necessary to the safe and uninterrupted
navigation of that section of the river Potomac, ten thousand
dollars; fbr a new light-boaft in the Chesapeake bay, eight thou-
sand dollars ;, for a light-house at the mouth of Potomac creek,
five thousand dollars.
STATf' OJNORTH CA.uROLNA.- For a light-house off iPowell's
point, Albernmaile sound, five thousand dollars; for rebuilding a
light.house at Federal point, five thousand dollars; for a light-
house on Pea island, near New inlet, five thousand dollars; for
building a new light-boat at Long shoal, in Pamlico sound, ten
thousand dollars.
STATE or SOUTH CAROUNA.-For light-houses or light-boats
in the il#eta of Saint Helena and Port Royal, twenty thousand
Dollars; for the construction of five beacon-lights in Charleston
harbor, six thousand dollars, in addition to the appropriation of
the last session ; thb location of said lights, to be changed,lif
deemed expedient by the Secretary ofthe Treasury.
STA.&T OF GzOGIA.-For a light-house on the north end of
Little Cumberland island, eight thousand dollars; for the erec-
tion of a light-house on the north end of Jekyl island, eight
thousand dollars; for the placing of buoys and beacons, to ren-
der the entrance to the harbor of Brunswick secure and easy at
all times, ten thousand dollars; for placing buoys and beacons
at Doboy, bar) and Sapaelo bar, for the purpose of rendering safe
and secure an entrance at all times, to the city.of Darien, five
thousand dollars-; for a floating light to be anchored within Mar-
tin's Industry, ten thousand dollars.
STATE OP ALABAMA.-PFor placing buoys in the harbor of
Mobile, six hundred dollars; for the erection of a light-house on
Sand island, opposite Mobile point, ten thousand dollars.
STA.B OP OHIO.-FPor a light-house on Turtle island, at the
entrance of Maumee'bay, in Lake Erie; eight thousand dollars;
for a beacon-light on a proper site near the entrance of the har-
bor of Sandusky bay,' two thousand five hundred dollars; for a
beacon-light at or near Manhattan, three thousand dollars; for
additionaFb-uoya "to mark the channel at the mouth of the Miami
of Lake Erie, and across Maumee bay, two hundred dollars;


___


Be it enacted, if.c. That the benefits of the third section of
the act entitled "An act granting half-pay to widows and or-
phans,-where their husbands and fathers have died of wounds
received in the military service of the United States, and'for '
other purposes," approved the fourth day of July, eighteen hun-
dred and thirty-six, shall not be withheld from any widow in
consequence of her having married after the decease of the hus-
band for whose services she may claim to be allowed a pension
or annuity under said act: Provided, That she was a widow at
the time it was passed.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the widow of any
person who continued in the service of the United States until
the third day of November, seventeen hundred and eighty-
three, and was married before that day, and while her husband
was in such service, shall be entitled to the benefits ofthe third
section of the aforesaid act.
Approved, March 3, 1837.

[No. 32.1]-AN ACT to continue the office of Commissioner of
Pensions.
Be it enacted, tfc. That the office of Commissioner of Pen-
sions shall be, and the same is hereby, continued until thefourth
day of March, eighteen hundred and forty.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That a Commissioner
of Pensions shall be appointed by the President of the United
State's, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate ; and
that he shall execute, under the direction of the Secretary of
War, such duties in relation to the various pension laws as may
be prescribed by the President.
Sec. 3. And be it further &acted, That the said Commis-
sioner shall receive an annual salary of three thousand dollars,
and have the privilege of senjling and receiving letters and
packets by mail free of postage.
Approved, March 3, 1837.

[No. 33.--AN ACT to provide for certain harbors, and for the
removal of obstructions in and at the mouths of certain rivers,
and for other purposes, during the year one thousand -eight
hundred and thirty-seven.
Be it enacted, +fc. That the following sums be, and the same
are hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of any money in the
Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for carrying on and com-
pleting certain works heretofore commenced, viz.
For continuing the improvement of the harbor of Chicago, Il-
linois, forty thousand dollars.
For continuing the construction of a harbor at Michigan City,
Indiana, thirty thousand dollars.
For continuing the construction of a pier or breakwater at


fir-a 1;glt-huu- on thelc south side of Cunniugham island, in
Lake Erie, three thousand dollars.
STATE orF INDIANA -F r a light-house at City West harbor,
five thousand dollars; to complete the light-house at Michigan
city, three thousand dollaift.
STATE OF LOUIsIANA.-For a beacon-light at or near the
southwest pass of 'Vermillion bay, five thousand dollars; for
erecting a light-house at t'he pass between Lake Poutclhartrain
and Lake Maurepas, six thousand dollars ; for erecting a light-
house and a'iouse for the keepei on Saint Joseph's island, in
Lake Borgne, twelve thousand dollars; for placing two boys
at Dolphin island pass, two. buoys at Pass Marianne, two buoys
at Pass Christian, and two buoys at Heron pass, fifteen hundred
dollars; for beacons and light-houses at the entrance of the
harbor recently constructed on Lake Pontchartrain, at the canal
above New Orleans, twenty-five thousand dollars ;- for erecting
a light-house on Lake Pontchartrain' at the mouth of the Bayou
Saint John, ten thousand dollars; for beacons and light-houses
at Port Pontchartrain, in addition to the sum heretofore appro-
priated, twenty thousand dollars.
STATE OF MissmssIpPI.--For the erection of a light-house at
the mouth of Pearl river, in addition to the sum heretofore ap-
prbpriated, five thousand dollars.
STATE OF MICHIGAN.-For a light-house on a proper site at
the mouth of Grand river, five thousand dollars; for a light-
Shoitse at a proper site at the mouth of Detroit river, five thousand.
dollars ; for 6 light-house on Windmill island, at the outlet of
Lake Saint Clair, five thousand dollars; for'erecting a light-
house at the mouth of Saginaw river, five tlihousand dollars'; for
erecting a light-house at Wagooshance, or Fox point, on the
straits of Milchilimackinac, 'five thousan.l dollars ; for erecting
a light-house -at the mouth of Kalamazoo river, five thousand
dollars.
T)RRITORY OF F.LOniDA.-For a light-house on the mostsuit-
able site at or near the east entrance from.the Gulf-of Mexico
into Appalachicola bay, to be selected by the Secretary of the
Treasury, ten thousand dollars.; for a.light-house at the en-
trance of Saint Joseph's bay, ten thousand dollars; for three
boys at the mouth of Saint John's river, one-thousand dollars;
for buoys to mark the channel from the eastern pass into Appa-
Jachicola bay to the town of Appalachicola, one thousand dol-
lars; for a light-boat to be stationed at the northwest passage,
twelve miles from Key West, ten thousand dollars; for buoys
at the northwest passage.and harbor of. Key West, eight hun-
dred dollars ;.for a lighlit-house on' the north point of Amelia
island, eight thousand dollars; for rebuilding and changing the
location of the light-house at Mosquito inlet, seven thousand dol-
lars ; for placing buoys on a rock in the outer harbor of Key
West, five hundred dollars ; for securing the foundation of the
light-house on Sand Key, and lor the attendance of a boat pro-
cured by the late keeper, one thousand six hundred and twenty
dollars; for rebuilding the light-house at Cape Florida, ten
thousand dollars; for a light-house on Carysford reef, on
the southern extremity of the coast of Florida, twenty thousand
dollars. .
-TEarRITORY OF WtISCONSIN.-For erecting a light-house at
the mouth of Milwaukie river, five thousand dollars; for erect-
ing a light-house at the mouth of the Manitowac river, five
thousand dollars ; for a light-house at Chipewagan, five thou-
sand dollars; for erecting a light-house at the entrance of Green
bay, five thousand dollars; for erecting a light-house at Root
river, five thousand dollars.
Sec. 2. And.-be it further enacted, That, before any of the
improvements aforesaid are commenced, the Board of Navy
Comnmiisionuers shall cause an examination to be made for the
purpose of ascertaining whether the safety of navigation re-
quires any additional.ficilities.; aind, if so, what is most suitable
for each place needing such additional facilities, and thereupon
to report their opinion in regard to all such places as speedilyi
as may be to the Secretary ofthie Treasury, who shall proceed
with the works so recommended. But if the said Board, after
causing such examination to libe made, shall be of opinion that
any of said improvements are not needed to facilitate the naviga-
tion, or that the navigation is so inconsiderable as not to justify
the proposed works, or that the same are inexpedient from any
cause, no further proceeding shall be had, and their opinions
with the facts shall be reported to Congress.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the
Trreasury be, and he is hereby, authorized to adopt, the improve-
ments in lamps and lanterns of light-houses, and the mode of
warming the same, invented by Isaac Dunham, if, in his opi-
nion, after due examination and trial thereof, (if necessary,) said
improvements shall be deemed of utility in respect to the saving
of expense in repairs and support, or in respect to improving
the lights : Provided, The right to adopt said improvements in
the light-houses and light-boats of the United States can be ob-
tained on terms which the Secretary shall deem reasonable.
Approved, March 3, 1837.

[No. 30.]-AN ACT to authorize and sanction the sales of re-
serves provided for Creek Indians 'in the treaty of March
twenty-four, eighteen hundred and thirty-two, in certain"
cases, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted, 4-c. That the President of the 'Unhted States i
may, and he is hereby authorized to, cause all the reservesbe-
longing to the Creek Indians by virtue of the provisions of the
treaty of March twenty-fourth, eighteen hundred and thirty-
two, which shall remain unsold on the fourth day of April next,
to be sold at public auction in the Creek country, after giving at
least sixty days' notice of the time, place, and terms of sale in
the public prints, and to cause patents to be issued to the pur-
chasers of said reserves.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the President of the
United States may, and hlie is hereby authorized to, confirm the
neBh5y. e-'taoow, the widowpnd children, the children, or
the lawful administrator of Creek Indians who have died, or
who may die,-prior to the fourth day of April next, without hav-
ing legally disposed of said reserves, and to receive the pur-
chase-money, or such portions of it as may not have been paid
to the persons entitled to it, and to cause patents to be issued
therefoir to the purchasers : Provided, That sales made by
lawful administrators shall be entitled to a preference over sales
made by widows and.-children."
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the President may,
and he is hereby authorized to, pay the persons entitled thereto
the money which may be received from the purchasers of re-
serves under the authority given in the two preceding sections,
at such times and in such amounts as he shall deem best for the
parties concerned; or, if he think proper, to invest the whole
or any part of said purchase-money in stocks, and pay the in-
terest to the persons entitled, in such amounts and in such man-
ner as, in his opinion, will be most advantageous to them : Pro-
vided, That he may cause the principal of the sum or sums so
invested to be paid to the persons entitled thereto, whenever
he may think proper : And provided.further, That the provi-
sions of this act shall be executed under such regulations and
restrictions as the President may prescribe.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That it may be lawful for
the President of the United States to cause the sum of one dol-
lar and twenty-five cents per acre to be paid to the 'Creek In-
dians, whose names were omitted to be entered on the census-roll
taken under the treaty of eighteen hundred and thirty-two, an i
to those whose namesappearon said roll, but for whom no location
has been made, who shall appear, from proper evidence, to be
justly entitled to reservations under the provisions of said trea-
ty : Provided, That the sums thus payable under this section
may be invested in stocks, upon the same terms and conditions,
and under the same regulations and restrictions as are herein
before prescribed in respect to moneys payable under the first
and second sections of this act: Provided, further,. That no
transfer by thue person entitled under this section shall be valid.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That, for the purpose
of carrying into effect the provisions of the three first sections
of this act, the sum of ten thousand dollars be, and the same is
hereby, appropriated, together with such sum as may be neces-
sary to carry into effect the fourth section thereof.
Approved, March 3, 1837.

[No. 31.3-AN ACT explanatory of the act entitled "An act
granting half-pay to widows and orphans, where their hus-
bands and'fathers have died of wounds received in the mili-
tary service of the United States, and for other purposes."


the mouth of the river St. Joseph's, Michigan, filteen.thousand
dollars.
-For the continuation of tLe works at the harbor near the mouth
of time river Raisin, Michigan, thirty thousand dollars.
For conimpleting the channel of the CochIeco branch of the
Piscataqua river, in thei State of New Hampshiire, five thousand
dollars.
For continuing the improvement of the harbor at the mouth of
Black river, in Jefferson county, State of New York, ten thou-
sand dollars.
For continuing the improvement of the harbor at Whitehall,
in the State of New York, ten thousand dollars.
.For continuing the improvement of the channelatthe mouth of
Genesee river, in the State of New York, ten thousand dollars.
For improving the harbor of Mobile, in the State of Alabama,
by removing the bar of the Choctaw pass and Dog river bar,
fillfty thousand dollars.
For continuing the removal of obstructions at Black'river,
Ohio, six thousand four hundred and ten dollars.
For continuing the renioval of obstructions at the mouth of
the Huron river, Ohio,, two thousand five hundred and sixty-five
dollars.
For continuing the improvementof the navigation at the mouth
of Vermillion river, Ohio, twenty thousand dollars.
For continuing the improvement of Cleaveland harbor, Ohio,
ten thousand dollars.
For continuing the removal Qf obstructions at Cunniagham
creek, Ohio, five thousand dollars.
For continuing the removal ofobstructions at Ashtabula creek,
Ohio, eight thousand dollars.
For continuing the removal of obstructions at Conneaut creek,
Ohio, five thouaand-dollars.
For continuing the improvement ofthe harbor of Presque Isle,
Pennsylvania, fifteen thousand 'dollars.
For continuing the improvement of Dunkirk harbor, New
York, fifteen thousand dollars.
For continuing the- improvement of the harbor of Portland,
Lake Erie, New York, ten thousand doUllrs.
For continuing the improvement of the harbor at. Cattaraugus
creek, Lake Erie, New York, ten thousand dollars.
For continuing the improvement of the harbor of Salmon river,
Lake Ontario, New York, ten thousand dollars. .
For continuing the improvement of the channel between the
North and South Hero islands, Lake Champlain, Vermonrit, six
thousand dollars.
For continuing the construction of breakwater at Plattsburg,
New York, ten thousand dollars.
For continuing the improvement of the harborat the mouth of
Oak Orchard creek, New York, five-thousand dollars.
For continuing the pier at Kennebunk, Maine, three thou-.
sand dollars.
For continuing the improvementatBig Sodus bay, New York,
twelve thousand dollars.
For continuing the pier and mole at Oswego harbor, New
York, fifteen thousand dollars.
For placing buoys in the vicinity of the monument on Steele's
Ledge, Maine, being the unexpended balance of the appropria-
tion ofthe twenty-eighth of June, eighteen hundred and thirty-
four, for rebuilding the monument on Steele's-Ledge, four hun-
dred and sixty-six dollars.
Fxr continuing the construction ofa breakwater at Burlington,
Vermont, ten thousand dollars.
Eor continuing the breakwater on Stanford's Ledge, Portland
harbor, Maine, twenty-five thousand dollars.
For continuing the breakwater at Sandy bay, Massachusetts,
twenty thousand dollars.
For continuing the breakwater at Hyannis harbor, Massachu-
setts, five thousand dollars.
For continuing the improvement of the channel of the river
Thames, leading into Norwich harbor, Connecticut, twenty thou-
sand dollars.
For cmn'iuuting the securing of the public works at- the harbor
ofSouthport, Connecticut, one thousand dollars.
For improving the harbor of .Westport, Connecticut, three
thousand seven hundred and thirty-four dollars.
For continuing the improvement of the navigation of the Hud-
son river above and below Albany, in the State of New York,
one lihundred thousand dollars ; to be expended according to the
plan and estimate recommended by the Secretary of War.
For continuing the repairs at the harbor of Chester, Peninsyl-
vania, two thousand dollars.
For continuing the improvement of the harborof Wilmington,
Delaware, eight thousand dollars..
For continuing the improvement of the harbor of Newcastle,
Delaware, ten thousand dollars.
For continuing the )elaware breakwater,'and constructing a
wharf or mole pursuant to the report of Captain Delafield, one
hundred and forty-one thQusand dollars. '
And that the sum of seventy thousand dollars be, and the same
is hereby, appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not
otherwise appropriated, for the erection of a marine hospital in
the-city of New Orleans, in that part of said city which shall be
designated by the Secretary of the Treasury, and for the pur-
dhase of lands on which to erect said marine hospital; and that
the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, author-
-zed toaselect and cause to be purchased, for the use and benefit
of-sick seamen, boatmen, and all other navigators on the West-
ern rivers and lakes, suitable sites for marine hospitals: Pro-
vided, That the number thereof shall not exceed for the river
Mississippi three, for the river Ohio three, and for Lake Erie
one; and-to enable the President to make such selection and
purchase, he may call to his aid one or more medical men ofthe
army, not exceeding three in all, to examine and-report on such-
sites, and to ascertain at what price the saeM au b4--ad--en4'-
that the sum of fifteen toh-saiiddolTlars be, an-rto e same is here-
by, appropriated, to effect the purchase thereof, to be paid out of
any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated; and
that suitable plans and estimates be prepared,- under the direc-
tion of the Secretary of War, for the construction of said hos-
pitals, and submitted to Congress at the commencement of the
next session thereof, and that the sum often thousand dollars he
appropriated for the erection of a marine hospital in the city- of
Mobile : Provided, That the expenditures for the purchase of
sites and the erection of hospitals at New Orleans and Mobile,
shall not exced the amount herein appropriated for these pur-
poses: That fi om and after the firsi day of April. next, all laws
enacted, whereby seamen are required to pay twenty cents a
month, or their employers are required to retain that sum out of
their wages, to create a fund for the sick and disabled seamen,
shall be suspended for one year, during which no such exaction
shall be made; and that, instead of said tax, there be ap-
propriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise ap-
propriated, the sum of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars,
to be disbursed in the same manner as the sum above mentioned :
Provided, however, That seamen and watermen who have not
contributed to said fund may receive relief to such extent, and
under such regulations as the President of the United States
shall direct.
For continuing the improvement of the harbor of Baltimore,
Maryland, fifteen thousand dollars.
For continuing the removal of obstructions at Ocracoke inlet,
North Carolina, twelve thousand and fifty dollars.
For continuing the improvement of the navigation of Cape
Fear river, below Wilmington, North Carolina, ten thousand
dollars.
'For opening a passage of fifty yards wide and seven feet deep,
at low water, between the town of Beaufort and Pamlico sound,
North Carolina; and for improving New river, in addition -to
two sums of five thousand dollars each, appropriated at the last
session of Congress, for the harbor of Beaufort and New river,
twenty thousand dollars.
For continuing the improvements of the inland channel be-
tween Saint Mary's and Saint John's, Florida, five thousand.
dollars.
For continuing the improvement of the Cumberland river, in
Kentucky and Tennessee, according to the report of Colonel
Abert, United States Engineer, dated February twenty-third,
eighteen hundred and thirty-five, of the survey of said river,
fifty-five thousand dollars.
For continuing the removal of obstructions in thle Red river,
sixty-five thousand dollars.
For continuing the improvement of the Ohio river, between


other to be annexed to the patent, and considered a part of the
specification.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That whenever any pa-
tentee shall have, through inadvertence, accident, or mistake,
--made his specification of claim too broad, claiming more than
that of which he was the original or first inventor, some mate-
rial and substantial part of the thing patented being truly and
justly his own, any such patentee, his administrators, executors,
and assigns, whether of the whole or of a sectional interest
therein, may make disclaimer of such parts of the thing patent-
ed as the disclaimant shall not claim to hold by virtue of the pa-
tent or assignment, stating therein the extent of his interest in
such patent; which disclaimer shall be in writing, attested by
one or more witnesses,and recorded in the Patent Office, on pay-
ment by the person disclaiming, in manner as other patent du-
ties are required by law to be paid, of the sum of ten dollars.
And such disclaimer shall thereafter be taken and considered as
part of the original specification, to the extent of the interest
which shall be possessed in the patent or right secured thereby
by the disclaimant, and by those claiming by or under him sub-
sequent to the record thereof. But no such disclaimer shall af-
fect any action pending at the time of its being filed, except so
far as may relate to the question of unreasonable neglect or de-
lay in filing the same.
Sec. 8. And belt further enacted, That, whenever applica-
tion shall be made to the Commissioner for any addition of .a
newly-discovered improvement to be made to an existing pa-
!.ent, or whenever a patent shall.be returned for correction and
re-.ssue, the specification of claim annexed to every such pa-
tent shall be subject to revision and restriction,' in- the same
manner as are original applications for patents; the Commis-
sioner shall not add any such improvement to the patent in the
one case, nor grant the re-issue in the other case, until the ap-
plicant shall have entered a disclaimer, or altered his' specifi-
cation of claim in accordance with the decision of the Commis-
sioner; and in all such nases the applicant, if dissatisfied with
such decision, shall have the same remedy and be entitled to
the benefit of the privileges and proceedings as*are provided
by law in the case of original applications for patents.
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, any thing in the fifteenth
section of the act to which this is additional to the contrary not-
withstanding, That, whenever by mistake, accident, or inad-
vertence, and without any wilful default or intent to defraud or
mislead the Public, any patentee shall have in his specification
claimed to be the original and first in entor or discoverer of any
material or substantial part of the thing patented, of which he
was not the first and original inventor, and shall have no legal
or just right to claim the same, in every such case the patent


Treasury be, and lie'is hereby, authorized and directed to ad-
vance, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appro-
priated, to the Alexandria Canal company, from time to time, as
the progress of the work may require the same, such sums of
money, not exceeding three hundred thousand dollars, as may
be necessary to complete the said canal to the town and harbor
of Alexandria : Prbvided, That the Alexandria Canal pcompa
ny, in the construction of the remaining piers, abutments, and
works of their aqueduct over the Potomac river, are hereby
prohibited and restrained from throwing earth or clay into the
open river, and are required, with the money furnished by this
bill, to remove all earth and clay before deposited by them in
the river.
Approved, March 3, 1837.

[No. 34.]-AN ACT in addition to the act to promote the pro-
gress of science and useful aits.
Be it enacted, 4ic. That any person who may be in posses-
sion of, or any way interested in, any patent for an invention,
discovery, or improvement, issued prior to the fifteenth day of
December, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred
and thirty-six, or in an assignment of any patent, or interest
therein, executed and recorded prior to the said fifteenth day
of December, may, without charge, on presentation or transmis-
sion thereof to the Commissioner of Patents, have the same re-
corded anew in the Patent Office, together with the descrip-
tions, specifications of claims, and drawings annexed or belong-
ing to the same ; and it shall be the duty of the Commissioner
to cause the same, or any authenticated copy of the original re-
dord, specification, or drawing, which he may obtain, to be
transcribed and copied into books of record to be kept for that
purpose; and wherever a drawing was not originally annexed
to the patent, and referred to in the specification, any drawing
produced as a delineation of the invention, being verified by
oath in such manner as the Commissioner shall require, may be
transmitted and placed on file, or.copied as aforesaid, together
.with the certificate ofthe oath ; or such drawings may be made
in the office, under the direction of the Conmmissiopner,-in con-
formity with the specification. And it shall be the duty of the
Commissioner to take such measures as may be advised and de-
termined by'the Board of Commissioners provided for in the
fourth section of this act, to obtain the patents, specifications,
and copies aforesaid, for the purpose of being so transcribed and
recorded. And it shall be. the duty of- each of the several
clerks of the Judicial Courts of the United States to transmit, as
soon as may be, to the Commissioner of the Patent Office, a
statement of all the authenticated copies of patents, descriptions,
specifications, and drawings of inventions and discoveries made
and executed prior-b6 the aforesaid fifteenth day of December,
which maybe found on the files of his office ; and also to make
out and transmit to said Commissioner, for record as aforesaid,
a certified copy of every such patent, description, specification,
or drawing, which shall ble specially required by said Commis-
sioner.
Sec. 2.;And be it further enacted, That copies of such re-
cord and drawings, certified by the Commissioner, or, in his ab-
sence, by the chief clerk, shall be prima facie evidence of the
particulars ofthe invention, and of the patent granted therefore,
in any judicial court of the United States, in all cases where
copies of the original record or specification and drawings
would be evidence, without proof of the loss of such originals;
and no patent issued prior to the aforesaid fifteenth day of De-
cember shall, after the first day of June next, be received in evi-
dence in any of the said courts in behalfof the patentee, or other
person who shall be in possession of the same, unless' it shall
have been so recorded anew, and a drawing of the invention, if
separate from the patent, verified as aforesaid, deposited in the
Patent Office ; nor shall any written assignment ofany such pa-
tent, executed and recorded prior to the said fifteenth day of De-
cember, be received in evidence in any ofthe said courts in be-
half ofthe assignee or other person in possession thereof, until
it shall have been so recorded anew.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That whenever it shall
appear to the Commissioner that any patent was destroyed by
the burning of the. Patent Office building on the aforesaid fif-
teenth day of December, or was otherwise lost prior thereto, it
shall be his duty, on'application therefore by the patentee orother
person interested therein, to issue a new patent for the same in-
vention or discovery, bearing the date of the original patent,
with his certificate thereon that it was made and issued pursu-
ant to the provisions ofthe third section of this act, and shall en-
ter the same on record : Provided, however,. That before such'
patent shall be issued, the applicant therefore shall deposit in the
SPatent Ofice a duplicate, as near as may be, of the original mod-
el, drawings, and description, with a specification of the invention
or discovery, verified by oath, as shall be required by the Conm-
missioner; and-smAo patent ind copies of such drawings and de-
scriptions, duly certified, shall be admissible as evidence in any
judicial court of the United States, and shall protect the rights
of the patentee, his administrators, heirs, and assigns, to the ex-
tent only in which they would have been protected by the ori-
ginal patent and specification.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty
of the Commissioner to procure a duplicate of such of the mo-
dels destroyed by fire on the aforesaid fifteenth day of Decem-
ber as were most valuable and interesting, and whose preserva-
tion would be important to the Public, and such as would be ne-
cessary to facilitate the just discharge of the duties imposed by
law on the Commissioner in issuing patents, and to protect the
rights of the Public and df patentees in patented inventions and
improvements: Provided, That a duplicate of such models
may be obtained at a reasonable expense : And provided, also,
Thatt the whole amount of expenditure for this purpose shall
net--eeedi- -sumar -of-one hundred thousand dollars. And
there shall be a temporary board of commissioners, to be com-
posed of the Commissioner of the Patent Office and two other
persons to be appointed by the President, whose duty it shall
be .to consider and determine upon the best and most judicious
mode of obtaining models of suitable construction ; and also to
consider and determine what models may be procured in pur-
suance of, and in accordance with, the provisions and limitations
- in this section contained. And said commissioners may make
and establish all such regulations, terms, and conditions, not in-
consistent with law, an in their opinion may be proper and ne-
cessary to carry the provisions of this section into effect accord-
ing to its true intent.
Sec. 5. And be it further 'enacted, That whenever a pa-
tent shall be returned for correction and re-issue, under the
thirteenth section of the act to which this is -additional, and the
patentee shall desire several patents to be issued for distinct and'
several parts of the thing patented, he shall first pay, in man-
ner andtin addition to the. sumnprovided by the act, the sum of
thirty dollars for each additional patent so to be issued : Provi-
ded, however, That no patent made prior to the aforesaid fif-
teenth day of December shall be corrected and re-issued until a
duplicate of the model arid drawing of the thing, as originally
.invented, verified by oath as shall be required by the Commis-
sioner, shall be deposited in the. Patent Office.
Nor shall any addition ot an improvement be made to any pa-
tent heretofore granted, nor any new patent be issued for an
improvement made in any machine, manufacture, or process, to
the original inventor, assignee or possessor of a patent therefore,
nor any disclaimer be admitted to record, until a duplicate mo-
del and drawing of the thing originally intended,- verified as
aforesaid, shall have been deposited in the Patent Office, if the
Commissioner shall require the same ; nor shall any patent be
- granted for an invention, improvement, or discovery, the model
or drawing of which shall have been lost; until another model
and drawing, if required by the Commissioner, shall, in like
manner, be deposited in the Patent Office. And in all such
cases, as well as in those which may arise under .the third sec-
tion of this act, the question of compensation for such models
and drawing shall be subject to the judgment and decision of
the commissioners provided for in the fourth section, under the
same limitations and restrictions as are therein prescribed.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That any patent here-
after to be issued may be made and issued to the assignee or as-
signees of the inventor or discoverer, the assignment thereof
being first entered of record, and the application therefore being
duly made, and the specification duly sworn to by the inventor.
And in all cases hereafter, the applicant for a patent shall be
held to furnish duplicate drawings, whenever the case admitsof
drawings, one of which to be deposited in the office, and the


also in terms of sale, will be made known to purchasers at the
period and place of sale.
The undersigned deem it unnecessary at this period to repeat
to the Public any observations or remarks, descriptive of the
present advantages or future promises controlled by this invit-
ing location.
The sale in May next, like that of January last, will be con-
-ducted openly and fairly, with-a scrupulous voidance of every
species of by-bidding.
The sale of Lots in January reached the sum of Five Hun-
dred and Eighty Thousand Dollars, to purchasers of the
best character from various parts of ourcountry,and from Europe
and Cuba, whose united capital probably exceeds thirty millions
of dollars. A better evidence of the belief of what Pensacolais,
and will become, need scarcely to be adduced, nor of the inter-
est and enterprise involved.
SAccurate Maps of the City, showing the Lots sold, as well as
those now for sale, will be ready for distribution without delay,
and can be had on application as noted below.
The sale will be conducted under the direction of William H.
Chase, Esq., of Pensacula, one of the Trustees, to whom, or to
either of the undersigned Co-Trustees in New York, applica-
tion may be made for any further information regarding the pro-
perty, as also the improvements, public and private, now pro-
gressing there. WM. H. CHASE, )
M. ROBINSON, > Trustees.
CHAS. AUGS. DAVIS, -
Maps may be had on application to the following gentlemen:
William H. Chase, Esq., Pensacola; M. Robinson, C. A. Davis,
and S. V. S. Wilder, New York; A. G. Jaudon, Thomas Biddle
& Co., and Elihu Chauncey, Philadelphia; and in other cities,
at the office of the paper in which this advertisement appears.
feb 15--eo2mif
1 A CR S" OF LAND.-The subscribers wvil1
1 0 dispose of 100 Acres of Land, situated in Marshall
county, Virginia, four miles from the Ohio river, on the waters
of Fish creek. This land is of fine soil and is well watered,
and possessing as many advantages as any land in its vicinity.
An ipdisputable-title will be given to the same for $2000. Per-
sons desirous of purchasing, can view the same by applying to
Mr. George Buchanan, living near the premises, or on applica-
tion to F. G.,HARMAN, or
P. A. HARMAN,
S Elk Ridge Landing, Anne Arundel county, Md.
mar 16-3t
COLONEL LONG'S RAILROAD MANUAL,
for sale by the subscriber, No. 208 Market street, Balti-
more. WM. WOODDY.


shall be deemed good and valid for so much of the invention
or discovery as shall be truly and bona fidehis-own: Provided,
Itshall be a material and substantial part of the thing patented,
and be definitely distinguishable from the other parts so claim-
ed without right as aforesaid. And every such patentee, his
executors, administrators, and assigns, whether of a whole or of
a sectional i-nterest therein, shall be entitled to maintain a suit
at law or in equity on such patent, for any infringement ofsuch
part of the invention or discovery as shall be bona fide his -own
as aforesaid, notwithstanding the specification may embrace more
than he shall have any legal right to claim. But, in every such
case in which'a judgment or verdict shall be rendered fdr the
plaintiff, hlie shall not be entitled to recover .costs against the
defendant, unless he shall have entered at the Patent Office,
prior to the commencement of the suit, a disclaimer of all that
part of the thing patented which was so claimed without right :
Provided, however, That no person bringing any. such suit
shall be entitled to the benefits of the provisions contained in
this section, who shall have unreasonably neglected or delayed
to enter at the Patent Office a disclaimer as aforesaid.
. Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That the Commissioner
is hereby authorized and empowered to appoint agents in not
exceeding twenty.of the principal cities or towns in the United
States, as may best accommodate the different.sections of the -
country, for the purpose of receiving and forwarding to the
Patent Office all such models, specimens of ingredients and
manufactures, as shall be intended to be patented or deposited
.therein ; the transportation of the same to be c.hargable to the
patent fundd:
Sec. 11. And be itfurther enacted, That, instead of one
examining clerk, as provided by the second section of the act
to which this is additional, there shall be appointed, in manner
therein, provided, two examining clerks, each to receive an an-
nual salary of fifteen hundred dollars ; and also an additional
copying clerk, at- an annual salaryof eight hundred 'dollars.
And the Commissioner isalso authorized to employ, from time
to time, as many temporary clerks as may be necessary to ex-
ecute the copying and draughting required by the first section
of this act, and to examine and compare records with the origi-
nals, who shall receive not exceeding seven cents for every
page of one hundred words, and for drawings, and comparison
of records with originals, such reasonable compensation as shall
be agreed upon or prescribed by the Commissioner. -
Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That, whenever the ap-
plication of any foreigner for a patent shall be rejected and
withdrawn for want of novelty in-the invention, pursuant to the
seventh section of the act to which this is additional, the certi-
ficate thereof of the Commissioner shall be a sufficient warrant
to the Treasurer to pay back to such applicant.two-thirds of the
duty he shall have paid into the Treasury on. account of such
application.
Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That in all'cases in
which an oath is required by this act, or by the act to which
this is additional, if the person of whom it is required shall be
conscientiously scrupulous of taking an oath, affirmation may be
substituted therefore. -
Sec. 14. And be it further enacted,'That ll moneys paid
into the Treasury of the United States for patents and for fees
for copies furnished by the Superintendent of the Patent Office
prior to the passage of the act to which this is additional, shall
be carried to the credit of the patent fund created by said act;
and the moneys constituting said fund shall be, and the same
are hereby, appropriated for the payment of the salaries of the
officers and clerks provided for by said act, and all other ex-
penses of the Patent Office, including all the expenditures pro-
vided for by this act ; and, also, for such other purposes as are
or may be hereafter specially provided for by law. And the
Commissioner is hereby authorized to draw upon said fund,
from time to time, for such sums as shall be necessary to carry
into effect the provisions of this act, governed, however, by the
several limitations herein contained. And it shall be his duty
to lay before Congress, in the month of January, annually, a
detailed statement of the expenditures and payments by him
made from said fund. And it shall also be his duty to lay before
Congress, in the month of January, annually, a list of all patents
which shall have been granted during the preceding year, de-
signating, under proper heads, the subjects of such patents, and
furnishing an alphabetical list of the patentees, with their places
of residence ; and he shall also furnish a list of all patents which
shall have become public property during the same period;
together with such other information of the state and condition
of the Patent Office, as may be useful to Congress or to the
Public.
Approved, March 3,1837.

[No. 35.]-AN ACT to provide for continuing the construction
and for the repair of certain roads, and for other purposes,
during the year eighteen hundred and thirty-seven. .
Be it enacted, 4-c. That the sum of one hundred and nine-
ty thousand dollars be, and the same is hereby, appropriated
for the purpose of continuing the Cumberland road in the State
of Ohio; that the sum of one hundred thousand dollars be,
and the same is hereby, appropriated for the purpose of conti-
nuing the Cumberland road in the State of Indiana; and the
sum of-one hundred thousand dollars be, and the same is here-
by, appropriated for the purpose of continuing the Cumberland
road in the State of Illisois: Provided, That said road within
the State of Illinois shall not be stoned or gravelled, unless it
can be done at a cost not greater than the average cost of
stoning or gravelling said road within the States of Ohio and
Indiana; which sums shall be paid out of any money in the
Treasury not otherwise appropriated : Provided, That in all
cases where it can be done, it shall betlhe duty of the super-
intending officers to cause the work on said road to be laid off
in sections, and let out to the lowest substantial bidder, after
due notice.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted That the second section
of an act for the continuation of the Cumberland road in the
States of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, approved the second day
of July, eighteen hundred and thirty-six, shall not be applica-
ble to expenditures hereafter to be made on said road.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the following sums
be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of
any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to wit:
For the repairs of the Cumberland road east of the Ohio
river, seven thousand one hundred and eighty-three dollars
and sixty-three cents.'
For continuing the construction of the road from the north-
ern boundary of the Territory of Florida, by Marianna, to Ap-
palachicola, twenty thousand three hundred and thirteen dollars.
For defraying the expenses incidental to making examina-
tions and surveys, under the act of the thirteenth of April,
eighteen hundred and twenty-four, and for geological and mi-
neralogical surveys and researches in the Indian country, on
the public lands, and in the territories of the United States,
thirty thousand dollars.
For surveys of a military character, and for the defences of
the Atlantic and Western frontiers, fifteen thousand dollars'.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the several sums
heteby appropriated for .the construction of the Cumberland
road in the States of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, shall be re-
placed by said States respectively, out of the fund reserved to
each for laying out and making roads under the direction of
Congress, by the several acts passed for the admission of said
States into the Union on an equal footing- with the original
States.
Approved, March 3, 1837.
[TO BE CONTINUED.]

SALE OF TOWN LOTS AT PENSACOLA.-
Agreeably to announcement at the termination of the first
sale of Lots, in January last, the undersigned now give notice
that a second public sale of Lots in the city of Pensacola will
take place on the premises, on Monday, the 1st day of May next.
Terms-One-fifth cash, or approved drafts on the North.
One-fifth at one year a credit.
One-fifth at two years' credit.
One-fifth at three years' credit, and
One-fifth at four years' credit.
The consideration money to be secured as on the. previous
sale, further particulars of which, or any deviation therefrom, as


no blanks. .The profits bf the scheme amounted to about
20,001. The last state lottery was drawn ,on the 18th. of
October, 1826, so that this censurablee mode of raising a re;
venue continued in use in this country for 257 years.
France has just announced her intention to follow the ex-
ample of England and 'abolish lotteries there.
AVERAGE INCOM oF. ENGLISH LANDOWNERS.-Estates
vary (according to the statement of Mr. McCulloch in his
late statistical work) exceedingly in' size and value in most
parts of Engla.jd.. The largest estate in the kingdom may
be worth 100,0001. or upwards a year; and there are es-
tates of most inferior degrees of magnitude, down to tLGo
annual value of 40s. In some counties property' is mow -
and in others less subdivided. In Cheshire, the East
Riding of-the county of Yorkshire, and -one or two other
counties, there are comparatively few small proprietors;
but the latter predominate in most parts of the west of
England; in the north, and generally throughout the
country. On the whole, we believe it may be safely af-
firmed, that by far the largest portion of the kingdom is
parcelled into properties of less than 1,0001. a year. It is.
not difficult to account for the prevalent misconceptions on
this point. Though few in number, the owners of large
estates engross the attention of common observers,'e-ad
hinder them from fixing their eyes on the mass of obsc,.u
petty- landowners that constitute the great bulk of the class.
Dr. Beeke, whose authority as to such matters is deserved-
ly high, estimated the total number of proprietors in Eng--
land and Wales at.200,000; and supposing' the gross ren-
tal of the kingdom to be thirty-two millions a year, the
average annual income of each, in his capacity of landlord,
will be only 1501. 1 and seeing that a few have much more,
it follows that many must have a good deal less.- Hence
it. is that few lead a more laborious life,.or are more under
the necessity of abstaining -fronm luxurious indulgences,
than the owners and occupiers of small landed properties,
Nothing, in fact, can be a- greater mistake than to suppose,
as is generally done, that the land-owners are an extreme-
ly opulent and an extremely indolent body.. These.may
be the characteristics ef a few individuals amongst them;
but it would be quite as wide from the mark to affirm that
they 'are generally applicable to the entire class, as that
they are generally applicable to the classes of manufac-
turers and traders.


PARAGRAPHS FROM FOREIGN JOURNALS.'

Royal Asiatic Society.-The ordinary meeting was held
on Saturday, the rooms being very thinly attended on ac..
count of the prevalence of the epidemic. The conclusion
of the paper by Lieutenant Dickinson was read, on the fate
of the ten tribes of Israel after the fall of Saminaria, in which
the author gave the various opinions that had been enter-
tained by different writers on the subject. That of Sir
William Jones gave Affghan as their loWation. SomeJews
imagine that they expatriated themselves to the northeast
ho.ndary of the confines of Tartary and' China; others
imagine that they were the-progenitors of the North Amer-
ican Indians; and the latest Wi'as that of Mr. Woolfe, who
imagined that they were distributed in China and Thibet -_
The most probable conclusion, however, was this: being -
suffered by the Persian Princes to settle in their'dominions,
they gradually amalgamated with the inhabitants by as-
suming their habits and religion, and that thus all traces
of their existence as a separate people were lost.
Savings' Banks.-It is a gratifying, fact that, up to the'
20th of November last; the deposits in the Savings'Banks
amounted to near 20,000,000. In the year 1822 a Sav-
ings' Bank was established in Guernsey, and at this'time .
the-depositors are the holders of nearly thi whole of- the
state's (or national debt of the island); though this is riot
a large sum, jt serves. .to show how much money may be
effected by small deposits. .
The Queen of -Belgium.--The private fortune,-of the
consort of His Majesty King'Leopold, independently 'of
her father, is upward of 30,0001. per annum;' and the'-King
of the French having given her 20,0001. per-annum more,
the aueen's income is.50,0001. a, year private fortune..
.Instrument applicable to various diseases of the lungs.-
A. M. Maissiat has submitted to.the French Academy of
Sciences 'an,-instrument, by which he proposes to convey
liquids into the-cavities of the lungs, or extract from it any
gas, or liquid, to-hold it in a state of dilatation, &c. as cir-
cumstances may require.' He has also invented and laid
before the same body another instrument, which is an- im-
provement upon cupping glasses, and may entirely super.
sede the use of leeches.-
-Dramatic Writers and their Proflts.-Sheridan receiv-
ed from Ridgway 500 for the copy-right of Pizarro, and
Sir R. Philips paid Tobin a similar sum for the Curfew.
Coleman's John Bull produced to him (by 'rights-and copy)
1,200. Morton received for his play of Town and Coun-
try 1,000, before representation; and Holeroft, for his
Road to Ruin, the same sum. after. 'Mrs. Inchbald, by
he% different comedies and farces, amassed 8,000. Cum-
berland (the most polished and classical" dramatist of the
last century) about half that sum. F. Reynolds, the found-
er of broad modern comedy, (by his own admission in his'
Reminiscences,") has cleared nearly the enormous sum
of 21,000, but let it be remembered by whom he (and each
of his lucky contemporaries) was. supported. Why, by J.
Kemble, J. Bannister, Mrs. Jordan, Lewis, G. Cooke,
Quick, Munden, Emery, and Fawcett-performers who,
though real stars, did not soar above* moderate salaries,
and thus enabled all parties to adopt the good old motto of
"Live and let live."
Expeditious Calculation.-The actuary .of a savings'
bank in the neighborhood of Fitzroy square, has invented
a machine for expeditiously and accurately calculating the
interest due to depositors, the value of which may be de-
duced from the following particulars: -The accounts open
on the 20th November, 1835, were 2,421, and occupied the
late actuary four weeks. The accounts open on the 20th
November, 1836, were 2,734, and occupied the present ac-
tuary only 74 hours. An opinion- may be formed of the
assistance given by the machine from the following detail
of the minutim necessary to arrive at the materials for the
annual return required from savings' banks by the Com-
missioners for the reduction of the National Debt. The
time taken to calculate the interest on 2,734 accounts, to
enter it on the ledgers, to make the additions, to rule the
lines, to take out each account under its proper classifica-
tion, and to take out the folios of 4,292 closed accounts,
amounted to 74 hours, making an average of 9j hours for
each of the eight ledgers, or 91 accounts per hour.
The last three years' expenditure on whiskey in Ireland
. amounted to 18,900,000, which sum would afford nine
guineas for each family, (say four persons in each family,)
allowing the population to be 8,000,000 souls.
A singular instance of longevity occurs at Pitcombe,
near Castle Cary. Mr. Melluish, who is now in his 108th
year, can see to read the smallest print without spectacles.
He walks to church twice every Sabbath, and his recollec-
tion is quite perfect.
Whales.-A whale is supposed to live a thousand years
according to the estimation of Buffon and Lacepede; and I
have understood that Cuvier assigned from nine hundred
to a thousand to the one in question. It is calculated that
a pair of whales m w lie-to count not less than "7 -
000,000 of their offspring.
Light.-The Italian natural philosopher, Melloni, has
recently invented a mode of depriving the rays of light of
caloric, which seems to open the way to great discoveries
respecting the nature of light, when thus insulated. His
method is very simple: he passes the sun's ray through a
combination of transparent bodies, (water, and a particular
sort of glass colored green with oxide of copper,) which
bodies absorb all the caloric and but little of the light.
The light thus separated from its caloric is very yellow,
with a green tinge ; and when so concentrated by lenses,
as to be as bright as the direct ray, the most delicate ther-
mometer does not show the smallest degree of warmth.
It has long been known that the prism, besides dividing
the ray into its several pencils of colors, separated at- one
end of the spectrum a pencil of heat-making rays, and at
the other a pencil of chemically-acting rays, both percepti-
ble only by their effect; but this mode of severing the heat
from the light offered little means of experimenting upon
the unadulterated light, of which Melloni's discovery seems
to give the philosopher as.complete command as he has of
the gases, &c. "
Cancer.-A few days since died, at Mortlake, aged 89,
Hetty Mott, who had many years kept a general shop'
there. At the age of 52, Dr. Blizard-performed an opera-
tion for cancer in one of her breasts, which she bore heroi-
cally, and .which he said she might survive ten years. She
lived without the 'slightest return of it for 37 years.
Sugar from Chestnuts.-The manufacture of Sugar from
chestnuts, says the Bon Sens, will probably soon become
an object of as much importance as that from beet root.
Some processes of extraction have already .yielded -14 per
cent., which is more than equal to the average produce of -
the beet root.
Singular Fact.--In one farm village in Gleniyon, there
live at present five generations in lineal descent, viz: the
mother, daughter, grand-daughter, great-grand-daughter,
and great-great-grand- daughter.
Lotteries in England.-On the llth of January, 1569,
the first lottery in England was -commenced to be drawn
at the west door. of St. Paul's Cathedral, and. continued
drawing day and night till the 6th of May following.
There were 40,000 lots, at 10s each. The prizes consisted
of the old and disused royal plate and trinkets--there were


the falls and Pittsburg, sixty thousand dollars.
For continuing the improvement 6f the navigation of the Ohio
and Mississippi rivers, from Louisville to New Orleans, sixty
thousand dollars.
For continuing the works for the removal of the obstructions
to the navigation of the Mississippi river at its mouth, two hun--
dred and ten thousand dollars.
For continuing the works for the removal of the obstructions
to the navigation of the Arkansas river, in addition to the unex-
pended balance of thirty-five thousand dollars, the sum of twen-
ty-five thousand dollars. .
For continuing the improvements of the Mississippi river,
Above the mouth of the Ohio, and of the Missouri river, forty
thousand dollars.
For the erection of a pier in the Mississippi river, near Saint
Louis, including the sumi of fifteen thousand dollars, appropri-
ated for that purpose at the last session of Congress, fifty thou-
sand -dollars.
For improving the navigation of the Ohio, Missouri, and Mis-
sissippi rivers, and to replace the steam snag-boat Archimedes,
sunk in the Mississippi river in November last, twenty-three
thousand dollars.
For continuing the survey of Black and White rivers in Ar-
kansas and Missouri, one thousand dollars.
For making a survey from the southern debouche of the Dis-
mal Swamp canal, down the Pasquotank river to Elizabeth,
thence to Croatan sound, Pamlico and other sounds, neaz the
coast of North Carolina; and thence, by the most practicable
route, to Winyaw bay, in South Carolina, with a view to deter-
mine the practicability of opening an inland communication for
steam navigation from the Chesapeake bay to Charleston,
South Carolina, ten thousand dollars.
For improving the harbor of New Brunswick, New Jersey,
by removing the obstructions in the Raritan river, in addition to
the appropriation of July four, eighteen hundred and thirty-six,
six thousand nine hundred and sixty-three dollars.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That, when the corpor-
ate authorities of the town of Alexandria shall deposit the
stock held by'them in the Alexandria Canal company in the
hands of the Secretary of the Treasury, with proper and com-
petent instruments and conveyances in law to vest the same in
the Secretary of the Treasury, and his successors in office, for
and on behalf of the United States, to be held in trust upon the
same terms and conditions, in all respects, as the stocks held in
the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal by the several cities of this
District were required to be held in and by virtue of the act ap-
proved on the seventh day of June, eighteen hundred and thir-
ty-six, entitled "An act for the relief of the several corporate
cities of the District of Columbia," that the Secretary of the