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 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: September 18, 1824
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
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Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00049
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text



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Vol. XXV.


WASHINGTON; SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1824


PUBLISHED BY GALES & SEASON,
TUHRIN TIMES A WEEK DURING THE SESSION 01 COXISRS
nAND TWICe A WEEK IM TUE RBICss.
SPrice, Jor a.year -i-? dollars) ,
For six months. -- our dollar Payable in advance.




FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1824.

Presidential Election in Virginia.-The Cor-
'responding Committee for aiding the Election of
Wm. H. CRAWFORD, have announced that Gen.
WIL.tIAM H. BROD'KAX, of Greensville, is nomi-
nated an Elector, in the place of Col. Mark Alex-
ander, deceased; and 'Mr. DANIEL MORGAN, of
Jefferson, is also nominated an Elector, in the
place of Mr. Smith Slaughter, deceased. These
t'wo gentlemen have expressed their perfect satis-
faction with the nomination of Messrs. CRAWFORD
and GALLATIN.
Kentucky Lands.-The information contained
in the following extract of a letter from Frank-
li fort,, the Seat of Government of the State of Ken-
tucky, under date of the 2d of this month, is of
the highest importance to non-resident proprie-
tors of land in that state :
"It may not be amiss to inform you, that, by
an act. of the last Legislature of Kentucky, all
i lands are. forfeited to the Commonwealth which
are not taken possession of in person, or by te-
nant, before the 1st of August, 1825; by having
which fact noticed in the National. Intelligence,
you may render a benefit to non-residents hold-
ing land in Kentucky."
Preparations are making at BALTIMORE, to give
a splendid Ball and supper on the night after
General Lafayette's arrival in that city. That
as many as 'possible may be enabled to partici-
pate, in the Grand Fete,,the Ball is to be given in
the Theatre. A floor is to be laid over the pit
und stage, sp that the interior of the Theatre will
t present the appearance of a spacious and.splendid
saloon. The supper is to be given in the ball
roomof the Dancing Assembly, all the apartments
of which are to be thrown open upon the occa-
sion, and be connected with the Theatre by the
s erection of a covered way.
[,i The Mayor of Baltimore has issued his procla-
'm action, recommending the citizens to illuminate
their houses on the night of General Lafayette's
arrival in that city.
A writer in the Philadelphia Gazette, to de-
moaistraste the inaccuracy of an assertioh con-
S tained in some of the New York prints, that four
thousand houses are erecting in that city the pre-
sent year, observes, that such a number of build-
ings would reach full 22 miles in a straight line,
whereas on visiting New York he could not per-
ceive any such marvellous appearances of build-
ing. Itf such a number of houses were erecting,
accommodations would be makinz'for 20,000 ad-
ditional inhabitants at least-and they would em-
ploy about 40,'000 masons, carpenters, and other
workmen.
The number of houses stated to be building in
New York is doubtless exaggerated-as will be
evident when they shall be counted by any accu-
rate person. We suppose that4000 houses would
require the use of upwards of two hundred .mil-
lions of bricks. ,
The New'York Commercial Advertiser, how-
ever, says that although the statement of 4000
houses is too large, yet it believes 3000 buildings
have been founded the present season. If half
that estimate prove to be correct, it will indicate
an enormous increase.
Colombian .Republid.-Papers of a late date
from Bogota, state that Bolivar, with his charac-
teristic magnanimity, had declined the 830,000
voted him as an annuity for life by the Colombian
government. The Vice President has been per-
mitted by Congress to accept the snuff-box sent
him by the King of England.
Emigration to Ilayti.-The Haytien Emigra-
tion Society have chartered the ship Concordia,
Captain Bailey, about 400 tons burthen, to pro-
ceed to Hayti, from New York, with a full com-
plement of emigrants already engaged. She will
sail the first week in October, with 160 passen-
gers.
The Sea Serpent was (says the Nantucket In-
quirer) in the Vineyard Sound on Saturday, the
4th instant, and was also seen off Nantucket the
same day.

MARRIED,
O hle 14th inst. by the Rev. Mr. Matthews, Mr.
VILLIAM McL. CRIPPS to Miss MAUY ELLEN
SPAULDING, both of this place.
DIED,
On the 23d ult. at Shawneetown, (Ill.) in the 40th
year of his age, JAMES KIRKPATRICK, Esq. for many
years a respectable merchant of that place, and formerly
a citizen of Maryland.
CHESTEn, PENx. SEPT. 14.
Died, on the 17th of the 8th mo. last, RACHEL PAL-
MER, daughter of John Palmer, of Concord township,
aged about 16 years.
On the 221 of the same month, JOHN PALMER, bro-
ther of the above, aged 18 years.
On the 27th of the same mouth, LEWIS PAI.MER,
another brother, aged 22 years.
The disease which so suddenly hastened to the tomb
hose blooming youths is ascribed to a local cause.
An oldbuilding in a state of decay, which had been used
for a milk house, standing 15 or 20 yards from the door of
the dwelling, had become partly filled with water and
rubbish of various kinds, such as weeds and decayed logs;
the fowlshad roosted under its roof until it had become
offensive both to.the sight and smell. The water of the
well, whicn was situated between this old building and
the dwelling, became also offensive and unfit for use.
S Drs. Marsh, (the regular physician) Hameor, and Jac-
ques, the latter of Wilmington5 were all of the opinion
that the disease originated from this old building. The
fever, which was stubborn anil unremitting, and bafflcJd
all their sk.11, assumed towards its termination a typhus
and malignant character. Four more of the same family,
tiz. the grandmother, a young man, brother to the for-
mer and two children, are lying dangerously ill with the
same complaint.
[Later accounts state that those four are on the reco-
very.] .


FROM SPAIN.

The brig Ontario has arrived at Boston from
Malaga, bringing accounts to August 4. The
editors of the Palladium inform us it was report-
ed at Malaga that the French Consul had been
Ordered to leave Gibraltar in eight days, and that
8,000 British troops had arrived at Lisbon. The
Spanish Liberals at Malaga were highly elated
at the news, Rumors were received daily of dis-
turbances in different parts of Spain. About
2,000 persons had arrived at Malaga to be trans-
ported to different fortresses, for being concerned
in the late Revolution.
It was reported that there had been a commo-
tion.at Algeziras between the inhabitants and
French troops, 'in consequence of the -former
hoisting the Spanish flag above the French.
Several British gunboats having passed Gib-
raltar to the westward, it was inferred that the
war with Algiers was at an end.-Corn. Jdv.

The following is the manifest of the cargo of
the great ship Columbus, which lately sailed from
Quebec. It is perhaps' the largest cargo ever
shipped in one vessel since the days of Noah:
41 pieces of oak
425 do. yellow pine,
2800 do. red pine,
54000 staves and heading,
35000 deals.

SUPPOSED MURDER.

Translated from the German York Gazetteof September 10.
Last Monday four persons were put into the prison of
York county, charged with having committed a murder.
The circumstances of the case are, so far as we have
heard, as follows: About the end of March, or the be-
ginning of April last, a certain George BrowTn, a drover
from Westmoreland county, who had sold a drove of
cattle in York, Lancaster, Chester, and Philadelphia
counties, is supposed, on his return, to have arrived at
a house: in the vicinity of this place, which sustained
none of the best of characters. After he had gone into
the house, one of the women brought a quart of whis-
key, and after they had intoxicated him therewith, they
robbed him of the sum of 800 or 900 dollars. Soon af.
terwards, disagreements occurred amongst the women
of the house, perhaps about the division of the plunder,
and one of them was driven off. This one frequently
stated that Jacob Seitz, and tLhe other woman, had mur-
dered Brown. But, as this accusation was made by a
person of had character, there was no credit attached to
it, and no search made. The matter, therefore, remain-
ed quiet for about six months, until the friends of Brown
here received letters from his family, inquiring where he
delayed so long. Whereupon an examination took
place, and the accused were arrested.. The female who
had been driven out of the house was examined as a
witness, and her statement, under oath, confirms ihe
charge which she had frequently made. She says that
.J W-.-'sb 'seit anrr his wife murdered Brown ; she having
left the room in which they had dorie it, when they at-
tacked him, and went into an anti-chamber or the kitch-
en. where she heard the cries of Brown; and that Seitz
soon .fterwards came down the steps, carrying Brown on
his shoulders, but where he took him she cannot tell.
The house and neighborhood have been searched, but
nothing of the body has been found. Further search
will probably be made. It would probably be impru
dent to depend upon the evidence of the person who
has accused Seitz and others, were it not supported by
the fact, that Brown has been missing from his family
since the time specified. Under all the circumstances,
many entertain doubts respecting tlhe matter.
Fifty dollars reward is offered, by the subscriber, to
the person or persons who shall finC' the corpse of Geo.
Brown, who, as is believed, was murdered in this neigh-
borhood. Should George Brown be yet alive, hie or his
friends are requested, to inform the subscriber ef'the fact,
so that those who are imprisoned on that account may
be liberated, andthe anxiety of our citizens, cspecting
the unhappy fate which, it is feared, has befallen him,.
may be removed. Editors of papers are respectfully re-
quested to insert the above.
GEORGE LAUKS.
Spring Garden township,
York co. Penn. Sept. 10, 1824.

SHA SWNEETowr, ILL. Ave. 28.--We learn that, about
three weeks since, William McKee, of Whilte county,
was murdered in his own garden about ten o'clock at
night. The murderers ente.-ed his garden at that hour,
and were wantonly committing destruction upon the
vegetables therein, when Mr. McKee, roused from his
bed by the barking of his dog, (which was also shot,)
went into the garden and was shot down. tlei ued
about eighteen hours. Two men, one n:ined Hugh
Shipley, and the other Cottonner, were on the next
day committed to the jail of Wayne county for trial. A
special coLrt has been ordered by Judge Wilson tor
their trial on Monday next.

YoiKx, PA. SEPT. 14.-Ti. 'e'" Occurrence.--Yes-
terday morning, about sunrise, ;t party of the Washing-
ton Artillerists, of this place, went out with their piece
tor the- purpose of exercising by firing. They had
prepared thirteen rounds of cartridge, and had pro-
Sceeded, at proper intervals, to the use of ten of them,
when, as-the gunners were ramming the eleventh one
home, the piece went off, not as we understand, from
being overheated, but from some other cause. With
deep regret we add, that the consequences of this
unfortunate explosion were to Mr. George P. Zieger,
the loss of a hand, and to Mr. Francis S. Koons, the loss
of one hand, below the thumb, and a finger of the
other.-Recorder.
Trials in London.-A man named Simmons and his
wife were both tried in London lately for bigamy, and
convicted. They were married in August, 1806, in
London, and after a cohabitation of six months, they se-
parated, and after living separate for some time, they
gave each other a kind of letter of license to marry again,
if their inclinations led them to do so. In 1812, the
female prisoner married a man named Brain, at St. Pan-
eras Church, London; arid in 1813, the male prisoner
married a young woman named Sarah Challis, at New-
bury. Evidence was called which suliciently proved
the facts, and they were both sentenced-to be imprison-
ed for one ykar. This, it is believed, is th ; first time
that a woman was ever tried for marrying two husbands,
on the same day that her husband was tried far marry-
ing two wives.
Anthony 4lhleuron, said to be an American, and a na-
tive of Massachusetts, was convicted of uttering base
coin, antd having large quantities of it in his possession.
He had passed a bad shilling in a grocery, which led to
his apprehension, when 19 other base .shillings, and 12,
half crowns, were found neatly packed in paper on his
person, and a bottle of wash to refresh them when they
became dull or out of order. Mr- Mulheuron cross ex-
amined the witnesses with prodigious insolence, and
stated that e htad picked up his packet of b.'4 money by
the road side, about a mile from Birminghamin. The ju-
ry, however, disbelieved this statement, and, without're-
tiring, found him gi'ltsy.,
A young rman, whio was evidently mistaken for another
person, had b(cn tried on five different indictments,
charging him with stealing. A verdict of guilty was
returned on one of them; but so convinced was the judge
of his entire innocence, that he immediately represented
the case to the King, who ordered the young man to be
scltatliberty.


GREECE.

Extracts from a Letter addressed by the Hon. Col.
L. Stanhope, serving in the Greek Jrmy, to
John Bowring, Esq. Secretary to the London
Greek Committee.
The People.-The peasantry of Greece possess
a large share of rustic virtue. They were with-
in the sphere of Turkey's oppression, but without
the sphere of her corruption. Not so with the
people of the towns, who consequently partake
of her vices. This people, but for want of in-
struction, are as fitted to be free as any nation
on earth; and only those who pretend that "the
slaves of to-day are not qualified to be freemen
to-morrow,"-I mean the Oligarchs, who are un-
worthy of the blessings of liberty, because they
are luxurious, corrupted, avaricious, and tyranni-
cal. I shall not dwell on the virtues of the Greek
peasantry, because they are admitted by all men.
Their martial spirit is not inferior to that of the
regular soldiery, and some consider them as the
stoutest and most formidable warriors in Greece.
Vices.-I shall now speak of some of the de-
fects that predominate in the Greek character.
Avarice is a prevailing vice in Greece. In a despotic
government it is necessary for the slave to be penurious,
to hold fist and bury his money. Vices are hardly vices
under absolute government. There, avarice, intrigue,
cunning, falsehood, servility, robberies, insurrection,
and sometimes frightful murders, are the only methods
of self-defence. There, every thing is confounded, and
the sole measure of security is to be found in a perverse
application of the principles of utility.
Plunderers.-The Turks taught the Greeks to be
plunderers. Their exactions drove the cultivators and
shepherds into the mountains, where they lived like
wolves, aInd became freemen, outlaws, and plunderers.
The survivors grew warlike, sometimes the terror, some-
times the allies of the Turks, and at last the asserters of
Grecian freedom. Such was the origin of most of the
Captains. It must not, however, be supposed, that the
captains are the only plunderers. Many of the primates
possessed power and wealth under the Ottoman rule,
and they are as grasping as the soldiery.
Intriguers.-The Greeks, especially those of Constan-
tinople, the Fanariots, excel,in finesse, sophistry, politi-
cal intrigue, and crooked diplomacy. Such are the tac-
tics of absolute governments. They are equally neces-
sary to avoid ruin or to attain fortune. By pursuing in
this course, the Greeks slid into favor with their masters,
and were appointed Governors of Provinces, interpre-
ters, &c. Who, then, can be surprised that the Greek
slaves should select the winding path that is surrounded
by splendid scenery, and which leads to the temple of
luxury? In a good, cause, intriguing politicians can ne-
ver reach their goal as soon by a zigzag as a good manr
would by a direct course. Their sly manocuvres may al-
ways be foiled by a bold, straight forward, and persever-
ing attack.
The Resources of Greece are great, but unexplored.
Nature has been bountiful to her; but the Turks, blind-
ed by prejudice, and heated by passion, have neglected
their true interests, and have destroyed her wealth.
Lands and liberties have been equally blasted.
.Agriculture is in Greece in its lowest state. Here and
there the fields are well irrigated, but this is not gene-
rally the case. The best means of improving the most
useful science would be through the medium of foreign
settlers; and by the establishment of an agricultural so-
ciety, and branch farms for the purpose of demonstrating
the first principles of culture, of introducing fresh pro-
ductions, such as vegetables, artificial grapes, &c. and of
improving the breed of cattle, especially of sheep and
goats. The vine and the olive, as also the silk worm,
require likewise particular attention.
Commerce.-WVhen there is but small capital, few
wants, no security, little probity, and no credit, com-
merce must stagnate. How is this state of things to be
changed in Greece ? By good government, by educa-
tion, hby publicity, by the establishment and enforcement
of good laws, by great rigor towards pirates, and by the
example of a scrupulous integrity on the part of the ad-
minin.tration in all its financial measures. In a word by
proving to tht. people and the merchants how muchi it is
their interest to be industrious and honest.
Revenuee.-The people are not oppressed by the
amount of taxes; but they are ruined by the manner in
which the captains and primates collect them ; by' the
revenues ent'-ring the pockets of these individuals, in-
stead of lse' 'g sent to the exchequsr ; by their being ap-
propriated to pt ivae purposes, instead of being devoted
to the protection of their lands and country from the
Turks, many parts of which are yearly overrun and de-
stroyed; and by the occasional unlawful exactions, and
system of free quarters pursued-by the captains. What
are the remedies for these evils ? The exposure of the
abuse and its fatal consequences. The acquisition of
power on the part of the government to enable them to
force tihe captains and primates to place the revenues inl
the public coffers; the enrolment of the people into a*
militia, hostile equally to foreign and domestic enemies ;
and an increased vigor and activity on the part ofthe re-
presentative body.
Loan.-The Greeks think they have but one want-
that of money. This is a false notion, and attended with
bad consequences; because every department of the
government, all except money, is neglected. Endea-
vors were made to remove this notion, by proving that
the richest had been subdued by the poorest nations.
The Captains are in s. 'r.. i averse to the loan, from a
dread that it would t.lI '.... the hands of their antagon-
ists, and deprive them of power. The rest of the nation
look forward to its arrival with a feverish impatience.
They thouglhl, and with truth, that it well applied, it
will not only secure their independence, but also their
freedom. When I was at Argos, measures were taken to
bring the subject under consideration of the government.
The sittings of the legislative body were resumed ; mea-
sures were recommended for the appropriation of tlhe
money, and for securing the payment of the interest. I
will not enter into a detail of the measures, as they em-
brace nearly the whole field of government. Thle re
prcsentatives enacted some wholesome laws. Thl'ey ap-
peared exceedingly jealous of their power over the peo-
ple's purse, and as careful of their money as they pro-
verbially are of th, ir own.
Parties.-The political parties in Greece may be said
to be three. First, there are the Captains, who look to
power and plunder. '1hey generally lean to the demo-
cratic interest, as a means of preserving these advanta-
ggs, andt of avoiding a master under kingly government.
This party live riches and courage, but they have pow-
erfuil opponncuts, and can only preserve thlieir interest by
ranging themselves on the side of the people-a fitct
which they beg-in to appreciate. I was always pouring
this into their ears, and the Military Chiefs considered
me as their friend, whereas 1 was merely consulting the
good of the mass. Secondly, there a'e the Primates
and Oligarchs: these, too, are tfor power and plunder.
They look to a foreign king as the means of supporting
their influence. Thle third may be calh'led the national
party. They consist of those who are not subdued by
the military or civil Oligarchis. I mean thle peasantry,
Sthie merchants, the towns-people, some of the Islanders,
and a few fine spirits. When invasion has been near,
the national party have inclined towards the Mil tary
Chiefs; when at a distance, they have risen against their
extortions. By degrees they gain strength.
Education.-From what hlats been stated, it appears
that there is a great want of educated men in Greece.
This is felt in the representattive body, in the administra-
tion of justice, in the prefectures, in the army and navy
-in short, in every department of the State. BIy the es-
tablishment ot'f schools and publicity, by courting the in-
gress of settlers and travellers, and the return of enlight-
ened Greeks to their country, this desirable end may in
time be obtained.
The defen :e of Greece now claims your attention.
SA'avy.-The Greek navy is composed chiefly of mer-


chant hrigs from IHydra, Spezzia,and Ipsara. They amount
to about 80 sail. These vessels have been maintained
partly by private contributions, and the sailors are skil-
fuland brave. The Greek fleet is of the same charac-
ter as the Greek army. It is not equal to cope with the
combined Turkish fleet, but has gained a mastery over
it by its superior seamen and tactics. When I say tac-
tics, I allude not to those of an highly organized navy,
for in these they are deficient, but there are tactics for
irregular fleets as well as armies-for corsairs and priva-
teers as for guerillas, Pindaries, and Stratists. This, too,
is the true military and naval policy for Greece to pur-
sue. She cannot cope with the Turks in regular war-
fare, but slie can harass and worry them to death.-
Greece should have foi'r good frigates, sixty of her own
brigs, three or four steam vessels, some privateers, and
a few gun boats in commission. She might then be se-
cure against every maritime power, with the exception
of England. Perhaps the Committee might be able to
procure for Greece some privateers, a steam vessel, and
a good gun boat as a model. One or two good naval
officers, who could bend to native prejudices, and could
submit with a serene mind to all sorts of crosses, would
be most useful auxiliaries in the cause.
.ryth .-The Captains are of humble origin, and many
of them are descended from shepherds. They or their
forefathers have distinguished themselves by flying from
the tyranny of the Turks, by having recourse to arms,
and by their light fugitive movements and depredations,
which eventually obliged their oppressors to court their
alliance. These are the men who, by their courage and
constancy, have kept up a spirit of resistance and of-
martial enterprise in the people, till the nation, being
highly excited by Turkish oppression, at last broke out
in a mad insurrection, and, contrary to all calculation,
ended in emancipating themselves. The horrid massa-
cres committed by the Greeks, have been urged
against THEM .with truth, but most unjustly against
THIS cAusAt. Because the object of their struggle was
to put down vice, and to establish a government
that would promote virtue. These frightful slaughters
have prevented the Turks from treating with their ene-
mies on various occasions; but, on the other hand, they
have struck them with terror, and have cleared the coun-
try of savages that never could liave been their friends,
and would always have endangered their freedom. To
palliate or to deny these cruelties is, however, a false
policy. The Greeks have, therefore, been openly ac-
cused of a want of' Christian charity; they have passion-
a.tely defended their conduct; they have, notwithstand-
ing, been condemned, and are gradually becoming less
sanguinary : witness their conduct at Corinth.
'The Captains are generally uneducated, and simple in
their manners, intelligent, brave, and excellent moun-
tain warriors.
The soldiers partake of the vices and the virtues of
their superiors, with whom they live on easy terms, and
are rarely punished. They are paid very irregularly,
and, when dissatisfied with their captains, either
rebel or leave them. The troops are better dis-
ciplined than at the commencement of the revolu-
tion, but are said to be less daring, 'because the ex-
citement occasioned by wrongs, the love of liber-
ty, the enthusiasm of religion, and the hope of plunder,
are more faintly felt. The Greek soldiers are extreme-
ly hardy-can make long marches, carry heavy weights
on their backs, live constantly in the open air, proceed
without magazines, suffer great privations, endure dirt
and vermin, and still preserve their high spirits. They
are swift as horses, and scarcely tangible, and, if a love
of liberty can ensure perseverance, almost unconquera-
ble in their wild fortresses. Every soldier's mind is bent
on success; no Greek ever admits the possibility of be-
ing again subjected to the Turks. If you talk of millions
tha'- are about to pour down into their country, still they
never appear dismayed. They tell you calmly that, as
more come, more will be famished or mowed down by
the Hellenists. This gallant feeling is universal. My
opinion is, that the struggle, however protracted, must
succeed, and must lead to an improvement in the condi-
tion, not only of Greece, but of Asia.

We observe the arrival in this country of a
person who deserves the particular regard of
Americans: we mean Miss WRIGHT, the author
of a well known work on this country, in which
our national character and our institutions are ex-
hibited with the greatest warmth of friendship
and admiration. The feelings which she has che-
rished towards the United States, and the testi-
mony which she has borne in their favor, have
provoked the London Quarterly Review, and
other ministerial journals of Great Britain, to
heap the bitterest and coarsest obloquy upon her
and her writings. She will not, on this account,
be the less esteemed and distinguished here.
[National Gazette.

COW LOST.
S TRAYED from the subscriber, living on Capitol Hill,
on the 9th inst. a short legged red Brindle COW,
with a s lhite stripe across the back, a white mark oftlhe
shape of a heart on her forehead, about one inch sawed
off each horn, both hind feet white, and the lower part
of the tail white. Any person that will return said cow,
or give information that may lead to her recovery, shall
be liberally rewarded for their trouble.
sept 17-eo3t JACOB ROSCOFF.

NOTICE.
A IEOiGE B. GRAVKS, Overseer of the farm of
Washington Berry, called Metropolis View, two
miles from the Capitol, this 15th of September, 1824,
brought before me a llAY HO'iSL, about fourteen hands
high, spavined on both hind legs, all his legs black, no
shoes on, about middle age, and without any d(istincLive
marks; also a DUN COLT, rising two years old, all the
legs black, and free. from peculiar marks; which broke
into his enclosures three days ago, having frequently
trespassed upon thli'm before. Given under my hand
the day and year aforesaid.
SAMUEL I. SMITIT, .j. P.
The owners of the above horses are hereby notified
to come forward, pay the expenses, and take them away.
sept 17-w3w GEOrGE B. GRAVES.

LAND FOR ,-iALiE.
y01 sale, my tract of land in Albemarle County,herc-
tofore my residence consisting of 3,500 acres, abon
2000 of which are of the best mountain quality, and 1500
lying below the mountain, and extending fromn it, gener-
ally of good quality, and remarkably well tinbeired andl
watered. Thlie tract lies on thile south side of the llivanina,
a'branch of James River, navigable fior batteaux toI Mihlton,
which is 'itllhini three and a ialf nmiles. It is live mile'
from Charlottesvillc, and six from the Uriversity. Of it
advantageous situation for health andi society, no remark
need be made here. The estate has all the usuahli m.
provements on it, a commodious dwelling house, hibikl-
ings for servants, and other doinestic purposes, good
stables, two barns, with threshing machines, a grist and
saw mill, with good houses for managers and laborers,
well posted for each purpose, and all n good repair.
IThe tract may be divided, advantageously, into several
parts, and will be so posedsd of if desired. Tlie pay
meant of thle purchase money may be made by install-
nments, with a very liberal credit, to be agreed on at their
time ofsale. The furnitirc, and the stock of every kind,
may be sold with the land.
I have also for sule another tract, of rather more than
700 acres, 3 miles below Milton, w'.ith-m 1 oftlthe river, on
its northern side, which lies well, is of good quality, well
timbered and watered, and has a valuable vein of lime
stone passing througfl it. This tract is divided into two
farms, each having on it a dwelling house, very common.
dious for a small family, with necessary out buildings.
Credit will be given for this tract in like manner as for
the other. Persons inclined to purchase, will address
themselves directly to me. JAMES MONROE.
Washington,jntcne 7--NXtf


W-" The Board of Trustees of the WASHINxG-
TON OuiHAN AsrttLa thankfully acknowledge the receipt
of the following donations:
From Mr. Salomon 20
From Mr. J. Coyle, Jr.- 5
From a young lady 5
From the Dramatic Society 6
By order of the Board,
sept. 17- S. J M. GALES, Sec.

NOTICE.
D ON HILARIO DE tIVAS V SALMON, Consul
General of Spain, having appointed the undersign-
ed Vice Consul, ad interim, for the District of Colum-
bia, notice is hereby given to the. merchants of the Dis-
trict, that, upon application to the subscriber, next door
to the corner of King and Washington streets, all neces-
sary papers will be furnished those making shipments
to a Spanish port.
CHR1. NEALE,
Vice Consul. ad interim, for Spain.
Alexandria, sept 17-St
LAW LECTURES & LAW INSTITUTE.
F Ol the information of those at a distance, the fee
now established is as follows :
1. Law Isntitute.-This comprehends office accom-
modations, use of an extensive Law and Miscellaneous
Library, direction of studies, private examinations, pri-
vate readings occasionally, and public lectures five times
a week for four months, commencing first Monday in
October in every year, fee $100 per ann.
2. Lao Institute -For those who enter
only during the tour months of public lec-
turing, fee 50
3.. Public Lectures alone, for, Students
of Law, 30
4. Same, (professional gentlemen and
others,) 15
5. Moot Court alone, 20
6. Moot Court and L' etures, 40
The fee of the Law Institute (which entitles the stu-
dent to very advantage, the Moot Court excepted, for
which there is a distinct fee) will always remain the
same. As the Course of Lectures will annually increase,
until ten months daily for two years will be occupied in
the delivery of the Course, the fee for those who do
not attach themselves to the Institute, will be annually
increased until it amounts to $100 per annum for the
entire course.
Baltimore, sept 17-eo6t DAVID HOFFMAN.

PRINTING OFFICE FOR SALE.
rf1h following articles, comprising the PRINTING
OFFICE of the late WILLIAM WARNER, deceas-
ed, is offered for sale, by the Administrators, on very
reasonable terms, for the purpose of closing the con-
cern.
2 Medium Printing Presses
1 Imposing Stone, Stand, and Vice
2 Horses, with Drawers, &c.
12 Paper Boards
18 Medium and Demi Chases
12 Foolscap and smaller do
1 Medium Wetting and Washing Trough
1 pair Balls, and I Tub
2 Buckets, and 1 pair of Wool Cards
2 Iron Wash Pans, and 1 Stool
1 large ten plate Stove and Pipe
1 middle size six plate do,
1 small box ditto
5 Fifty-six Pound Weights
8 Case Stands
18. Sliding Boards for Forms
108 Type Cases, and 14 TyplBetoxer-- -
25 Metal Galleys
14 Damage's Composing Sticks
1 Standing Press, Pins, Boards, &c.
2 Mallets, 2 Planers, &c.
64 mall Metal Cuts, (various)
19 small ditto, wood, do
34 Metal Cuts, for Natural History
13 do for Dilworth's Spelling Book
6 do for Death of Abel
10 do for Bob Sketch
17 do for Mrs. Pleasant's Stories
24 do for The Primer
21 do for A Present to a Little Girl
13 do for Cock Robin
23 do for History of Birds, &c.
14 do for Children in the Wood
4 do for Children's Second Book
1 do for Horse Bill, (large)
13 Wood Cuts for Dilworth's Spelling Book
4 do for Scott's Lessons
6 do for Robinson Crusoe
14 do for Patent Medicines
11 do for Children's Books
5 do for Aristotle
13 do for Thompson's Seasons, (fine)
1 set do for German Almanac Title
22 large Metal Blocks for Engravers
68 small do do
42 smaller do d-o
1 pair Ball Skins
1 Brass Type Mould
1 pair Bellows.
TYPE.
-Forms standing.
Thlie Universal Spelling Book
The Balltimore Spelling look
The New England Primer
The Road to Learning
The Counting Hlouse Calendar
WV:uner's Almanac.
82 1bs, Te'': Line Pica
108 lbs Five Line Pica
151 lbs American Cannon
170 lbs Double Great Primer
79 lbs Doubloe English
100 lbs Double Pica
99 lbs Great Primer
58 lbs Double Pica Script
117 lbs English
258 lbs Pica
177 lbs Small Pica
38-. lbs New Long Primer
239 lbs Old Long Primer
53 lbs New English
195 lba Old English
100 lbs French Cannon
79 hhis Oll Great Primer
210 lbs Old Type
438 Ibs Brevier
214 Ibs Nonpareil
17 lbs Double Great Primer Black
28 Ibs Great Primer Black
24 Ibs Pica Black
12 lbs Long Primer Black
99 lbs Pica Greek
22 !bs Brevier Almanac Signs, &c.
20 lbs Hair Space Rule
76 lbs Flowers, assorted
34 Ibs Quotations
12 lbs Space Leads
21 lbs lBrass Rule, Single and Double
2 Ibs Brass 1Daslies
1 lot Nonpareil Rtiglet
4 Brhass Card Borders
2 Metal Card ditto.
SUSAN WARNER, Admn'x.
GEORGE WARNER, Admn'r.
Baltimore, Aug. 20, 1824. [23-w8wNl

BOOKS AND STATIONERY.
Selling off at the old stand, S. E. corner of Gay and
Market streets, at reduced prices, by the adminis-
trators, the entire STOCK af Wm. Warner, deceased,
consisting of Theological, Literary, Medical, and School
BOOKS, with a variety of STATIONERY.
Baltimore, Sept. 2, 1824.


' No. 3648.


._ ______~~~


-crC




v.^i^),


EXTRACT FROM AN ADDRESS
Delivered before the Philadelphia Society for pro-
moting agriculturee at its meeting on the twen-
tieth of July, 1824. By M.athew Carey, Esq."
IV. State of the Noation.
We have been stunned with reiterated asser-
tions of the very extraordinary and unparalleled
prosperity of this country; and in spite of a lost
of strong opposing'ortcts, there are thousands of
our citizens who implicitly believe those asser-
tions to be literally true.* Nothing is more per-
nicious to a patient, whether a nation or an indi-
vidual, when laboring under serious disorders,
than belief of the existence of robust health; and
the more morbid the state, the greater the danger of
the error. This point, therefore, demands a severe
scrutiny, which, although an ungracious office, I
venture to undertake, because a serious convic-
tion of disorder is a necessary preliminary to the
application of any remedies.
I do not pretend that distress or suffering is
universal. In no country, even in Turkey, Po-
land, or Ireland, is that the case. And with the
immense advantages the United States enjoy,
the worst form of government-ever devised, and
the most grinding administration, could not pre-
vent large portions of our citizens from being
prosperous. All I contend for is, that eCtire
sections of the country, and entire classes of our
citizens, suffer intense distress-distress which,
under our very favorable circumstances, nothing
but an-1nwise policy could inflict,
I shall call in as evidences, gentlemen hostile
to the policy I advocate, to whom, of course, its
enemies cannot object-
Mr. Tattnall, in his never-to-be-forgotten ti-
rade against the tariff, stated that "poverty was
wearing G-'orgia to the bone."
Mr. Garnett, in drawing a picture of the situa-
tion of Virginia, stated that its population is
driven iqto distant lands, and reduced to beggary
-and that desolation is spread over the country.-"
Mr. Macon, in Congress, stated the distress of
North Carolina, as not unlike that of Virginia.
A memorial of the citizens of Charleston, late-
ly presented to- Congress, gives a most melan-
choly picture of the situation of South Carolina-
"The effects produced" [by the reduction of the
price of cotton] are deplorable in the extreme. Propel-
ty of all kinds is depreciated beyond example. A feeling
of gloomy despondence is beg'anini to prevail every where
in the lower country. ESTATES ARlE ACRIFICED)
TO 'AY THE LAST INST.ALM.ENTS ON THE
BONDS GIVEN FOR THE PURCHASE MONEY.
.Vobody seems disposed to buy what every body is anxious
to sell at any price."
There is no part of the world which enjoys
greater natural advantages than Louisiana. Yet
she undergoes her full portion of the distress and
suffering inflicted on her sister states, by our mis-
taken policy. According to the declaration in
Congressof J. S. Johnston, Esq. one of her repre-
sentatives, she is ,st wfl. 'L- with her debts;
loss of crops; fall of prices; and depreciation of
property." To relieve her citizens from their in-
tense distresses, she has recently incorporated a
bank, with a capital of 84,000,000. It has five
branches, each with a capital of 8200,000. A
large portion of the loans are understood to be in-
tended for the accommodation of planters as well
as-merchants.
It may be said, that "the loss of crops," has
no connexion with the policy of our government.
This I admit. But the loss of crops" would
have raised, instead of reducing prices," but
for the excess of production over demand, which
is the obvio'i. consequernce of that policy.
I might here close the account as regards the
southern section of the Union. These statements
settle the question beyond cavil. But I cannot re-
frain from citing one more unimpeachable autho-
rity respecting the state of that portion of the na-
tion. ,
Mr. Carter;one of the representatives of th'e
State of South Carolina, drew the following heart-
rending portrait of the situation of the six most
southern states :
The prostration of their foreign markets has spread
over the face of the south a general pervading gloom. In
all that region -which stretches itself from the shores of the
Potomac to the Gulf of .,Ilevico, where all the arts of civili-
zed life once triumphed, the arm of industry is now paraly-
zed. Large and ample estates, once the seats of opulence
-which supported their proprietors in affluence and comfort,
are now thrown out to waste and decay.'"
Here we are on the horns of a dilemma. Eith-
er those gentlemen, whose names are given, have
been guilty, in the face of the world, of stating
downright falsehoods, to deceive Congress and
the entire nation-which cannot for a moment be
supposed-or else the assertions, of the great
prosperity of the country are utterly destitute of
foundation. The states embraced in Mr. Carter's
declaration, with Kentucky and Tennessee, both
in nearly the same situation, embraced in 1820
about 3,500,000 souls, being above one-third of
-the entire population of the nation. And I pre-
sume it would not be more preposterous to assert
that an individual, who labored under a pulmon-
ary consumption, a cancer in his breast, or des-
perate liver complaint,was in a high state of health
than that a nation enjoyed a state of solid pros-
perity, of which one-third was in the deplorable
condition depicted by Mr. Carter, even if no dis-
tress or suffering existed elsewhere, which is very
far indeed from being the case, as I am prepared
to prove.
There are in the city of Philadelphia about
7000 females, many of them widows and orphans
of persons formerly in a high degree of prosperi-
ty, who are obliged to work as seamstresses and
tayloresses, of whom the most skilful, unencum-
bered with children, cannot earn more than a
quarter dollar per day,and those with children, or
unskilful, not more than from75 cts to S1 pr wk.t
There are in the samtne city about 3800 paupe's,
1500 in the almshouse, and 2300 supported at
their dwellings, of whom one third are able and
willing to work, but cannot procure employment.
In the city of New York, there are, according to
a report recently laid before the legislature, 9,500
paupers, of whom one-sixth are permanent. It
is more than probable that above one third of the
whole, particularly of the females, are able and
willing to work, if they could procure employ-
ment. In the state, there are 22,111 paupers, of
whom 6,896 are permanent.
For the suffering state of navigation and com-
merce, I refer to the speech of Mr Webster, as ori-


ginally repoetedt; to the statement in the Memorial
of the Chamber of Commerce of Philadelphia[];
and to the Memorial of the Directors of the
Philadelphia Bank.
Manufactures, except those of coarse yarns and
cotton, are greatly depressed. One-half of the
establishments for the manufacture of woollen
goods, throughout Massachusetts, Rhode Island,
and Pennsylvania, are closed-and many of the
proprietors ruined .


For the situation of a laro'e portion of the t"The naviation oftf /e country is stru,, irng for at-
farming interest, I refer to the following state- breath. It is hanging by a hair. And if gentlemen wish
meint, extracted from a i lial of the farmers to add burdens to the falling, to press down the oppress-
ment, extracted from a memorial of theed, the way is open to them."
of Rensselaer County, N. Y. He again depicted the present distress of the navi-
There is, at this time, and there has been for several gating interest. Our rivers are crowded wih ships see-l/;!g
years, all over supply qf the products of agriculture ior c. *,,, or., and, -. lern fi-ightv are obtained, i'FlEv
they haveglrftted the marke's of i/it world. This -want o 'S(CA IC ELY PAY THE LEAT 'POSs LE EX-
aforeign market hais not been supplied at home; for our PEN;E OF- NAVIGATION. It is inipossilde that this
own producers have increased in a far greater ratio than interest cin suit-er a-y furtiter deprission."-Mr. Web
iiiur consuniers, and the consequences have been, in ster's 'Spech, s originally reported
Sths part of' thie Counity, a universal depression of prices. i How little manufactures partake of the e.?s under
d-precialion of the value o lund, a sl-iish circulation ch the commerce and arr.culturoe f the country inow
-genteranlembarrassmeit, freqen lit shrifts sales, and irin. si I.rt ied not Ie remarked.
M'r. Clay has stated the melancholy and Conme,-re has, confesedly, suffered more than any other
indubitable fact, lhat farmers have suices.ie branch of industry by the events of recent year. Ii has
'ntirashed crops of-i, perishing in their bns rlirne its disasters p.itienv. i It is nowlist critepting into
for lite want of a markett" tic'i-" ",leil ofthe Phlilatelphia Chaber of Coin-
Mr. Carter, of South Carolina't drew an mercc.
appalling picture of the situation of the firming The i tha ile embarsuseriousl felf bythe counts forf alank
inter-st ill the nmiddl ,e states, with which I shall -Yie, Pt ithave been so se5rioisiilfel( by persons o/'a/l r an-s
interest e dde tates, ith I ll s,,ciely, and the miseries of poverty have iivadeid the.fire
close these melancholy views: sides of/ so many of our respectable fellow citizens, that it
"The fanimer f ithe graiii-growing slates will tell you, could scarcely be expected that all institution, '-"hose
that he has Irue annml surpltsses of grain, which he is prosperity is dependent upon the punctuality of its cus-
doomed tear after z/ear to see rot anil p-rish ot his hands; toriers, should be exempt from its portion of the calaii-
that it is to no purpose that lie applies himself to thile d'- ties which have been so sensibly felt by thel hole com-
ligent cultivation of a fruitful soil; that each return oq/ mnity." Extract from a memorial presented by the
autumn. finds his barns .filed, to overflowing, with abun- Directors of the Philadelphia Bimnk to the legislature of
dance, but that it is all useless, nay, worse than useless, Pennsylvania, dated Feb. 20, 1823.
to him : for his well-storaed barns stand continually be- A memorial of the woollen manufacturers of Provi-
fore his eyes, as tormentinmii memorials of his labors fns dence, I. I. presented to Congress at its last session,
rated, and the bounty of his fields most cruelly wasted, stated
He may represent his labors as equalling'. in their ferti- "That large sums have been invested in mills and ma-
lity and vexatious disappointment, the fabled toils of Si- chiner tfor naliiLfact'iring wool in the state of Rhode Is-
syphus himself. TH E i)EPtL RABLE ACCUlRAIAlY F01 liind, and its vicinity, and numerous workmen have de-
SUCH A PICTURE WILL NOT BE DISPUTED." rived employment from their operation. That, during
Who can reflect on such a horrible state of af. the laie war with Great Britain, these manthufactories
fairs in a country so transcenitdentlv blest as this weVrC priacipally establislied, when they afforded, even
ti heirc- itn i .nel, io-ea- relief to Ithi slants of the country.
is, without sighing over the impolicy of our na- Thev have siice, without pr otection, been gradually iin
tional councils-which. from a blind and illiheral creasing, until EXCESIfVE IMPORTATIONS OF
jealousy of the manufacturers and mechanics, FoiiEIGN M kNUP.'ACTfEDI) WOOLLENS HAVE
comprising one-seventh part of our entire popu- FINALLY tIISCOURAGEI) FURTHER INVEST
lation, and one-fourth part of the population of MENT OF CAPITAL. From this c.,nse, it is estimate.
the states from Maine to Maryland inclusive, ed that TH E MILLS P TION AT PHRE T s -AN ONE
HALF OF TIlHESE HILLS IS AT[ PRESENT sit's-
withers and blights and blasts the choicest boun- PENDED In some instances, the machinery for wool
ties of nature! It may be fairly questioned, has been laid aside, and other machinery employed in
whether there ever was a nation, possessed of place of it.' Those who, in the hope of some favorable
half the advantages we enjoy, that exhibited such change, still continue the manufacture of ,ool, HAVE
scenes as are herie depicted by Mr. Tatnall, Mr GLOOMY PROS-ECTS BEFORE THEM!"
SA memorial to the same effect was presented by the
Garnet, and Mr. Carter, without war, famine, or same class in Boston,. The situation of the woollen ma-
pestilence. It is to be hoped, that, until a radi- nutacturers throughout Pennsylvania is exactly similar
cal change takes place in the atsairs of the coun- to that of those in Itnode Island.
try, we shall never again be mocked with the
very erroneous statements of national prosperity, SCHOOL OF CAVALRY.
which, in the broad, unqualified sense assumed Price S 25, in I vol. 8vo.
by our writers and orators, are mere "waking UST published b JAMES TIOMAS, Bookseller.
dreams," calculated, by throwing a veil over tie oJ Georgetown, School ofivalr, ; or, System of Or.
disordered state of our affairs, to prevent any at- g.-liztion, 1IntruPtion, and Mint-ivres, proposed fr-
tempt at relief. the Cavalry of the United States By William Theobald
Few of our statesmen take an enlarged and Wolfe Tone, Lient. 1st Regim'ente U S. Artillery. I'-
comprehensive view of the state of the country. usrated b copper plate e g.
They cast their eyes on Particular spots, fiom sept 18-co3t
which they undertake to infer the situation of the A SITUATION WANTED.
whole. One sees a high degree of prosperity in l YOUNG A As who has some k,-owledge of thip
New York- another in Boston-and a third in -r )'-y Good Bu, inew, atid at present unemployed,
ode Island-another in Bostonand a third in would be glad to get a situation in a Dry Go-id or )Dr
Rhode Island-and hence they pronounce with Good and Grocery Store. Satisfactory recommends.
c'oufidence on the whole of the Unitedt States. fions can be given as to character, &c. Please apply to
A memberof the Senate deeply interested in the Mr. Andrew Coyle.
Waltham Factory, and knowing that it has di- sept 18-coSt
vided 25 per cent. per annumn, hence, asserted LOT TERY NOTICES.
that the manufacturers were the most thriving
anu. prosperous partofthe community." Where- On the 11th day of November next, the
as, in his own neighborhood, bankruptcy had UNITES.ZTYr O" 1Y.A rYLAND
swallowed up a large portion of the woollen man- "LOTTrXAY
ufactures, and the remainder were in the most scoson cLAss-NEW SEiIES,
depressed state. It is needless to comment on will draw and finish, when the following splendid prizes
the radical errors of such a mode of reasoning, must be drawn, viz:
and the ruinous consequences that must arise 5,000 DOLLARS,
from predicating on it a scheme of policy for a 5,000 DOLLARS,
great and rising nation. 5,000 DOLLARS,
Among the melancholy facts with which our 5,000 DOLLAARS,
annals abound, proving the paralyzing anid des- 5 ,000 DOLL,:RS,
tructive tendency of our policy, there is none 6 prizes of 1,000 DOLL XRS,
speaks in plainer language, than the records of 6 do 500 DOLLARS,
the land office. Immense sales had been made 6 1 (t 213 )OLLARS,
of the western lands, on credit. The balance 138 do 20 I)OLLARS, &c. &c. &c.
idueo tin 91 0h ioa sMa rio All 'to be drawn in five minutes, and tile whole
due on the S0th of March, 1820, was no less payable iu CASIIH s soon as drawn
than 921,908,099, above one-fifth part of the na Tickets only $6, shares in prop -rtion.
tional debt. Such were the impoverishment and
distress of the western country, that the purchas- 1 'ott t Littratutr ROttf ,
ers were wholly unable to pay the installments, CAss No. 2, r -a Acusr, 824-.
as they became due. It would have been dan- To be drawn on the 2th ofOctober next, andfinishedin
gerous in the suffering state of that country, to a. fe minutes
have attempted to enforce payment. To relieve 60 Nutmbers-9 Ballots to be drawn.
the delinquents, an act was passed, bearing the. HIGHIEST PRIZE
above date, which repealed the clause of the ori- 2oOO 00oYRa .
ginal act, whereby a failure of the payment of
any instalment, as it became due, incurred a for i prize of .SCH'0 is $20,$00
feiture of the previous instalments. This act 1 10,0u 10,0 JO
was to be in force for one year, at the expiration 1 5,182 5,o'82
of which time, the purchasers labored under equal 20h 1,0-j 2)0)000
difficulty. There being no prospect of a change 20- 00 10,000
in the affairs of the western world, an act was 41 200 58,o00
passed, March 2, 1821, authorizing the delin- 51 60 3,060
quent purchasers to surrender such portions of 1734 22 38,148
the land as they might judge proper-relinquish- 11475 6 126,225
ing all claim to the interest that had accrued- -- ..


and reducing the price of public lands in future,
friomn two dollars on credit, to one dollar twenty-
five cents cash. For those who did not choose
to relinquish their lands, the periods of payment
were prolonged to four, six, and eight years.
The sum, of which the payment is thus postpon-
ed till 1829, is no less than S6,-257,480! There
were 2,132,881 acres relinquished, on which was
dlue, 97,981,940, being above eighteen months
interest on the national debt! It is easy to cal-
culate the extent of the injury sustained by the
government by these operations, the obvious re-
sult of our system. The loss by the reduction of
the price of the lands alone, is equal toc tie whole
of our national debt. And this reduction has
proportionably diminished the value of all the
lands in the western country.
NOTES.
"Mr. Webster was so happy, as entirely to differ with
the Speaker in the picture of intense distress which li h
had drawn. WVhere was this extensive ssisery ? W0ho has
heard the groans of this intense distress? Hle belie-.ed that
TIHE COUNTRY WAS NEVER IN A HIGHER
STATE OF SOLID PROSPERITY. h-as there ever
a time when the fruits of the earth were cultivated with
more success There is no f. nine in the liond hno exces-
sive taxation. Jn all the great essentials of hniinm life, tin
the quality and quantity of subsistence, in c-' l the juaiiyt/
and quatiiity of clotlhine, there is abundance, and LABOR
IS SURE OF ITS REWARD. How, then, can it be a
country of intense distress ? The picture is the result of
a highly charged imagination."-Mr. Webster's Speech,
as originally reported.
Se T fifollowiing qneries were sent to the Rev. Mr.
Benjamin Allen, one of the most active members of the
Provident Society in Philadelphia, in order to ascertain
the number and state of the persons employed by them.
Hlis answers are annexed.
1. How many persons were employed last winter by
the Society A Answer. About 1250" women, and' 150
children.
2. What wages did they earn per week generally ?
Answer. From 75 centsto a dollar.
3. Were there many of them widows and orphans of
persons who had seen prosperous times ? Answer.
Numbers.
A similar application to the Female Hospitable Socie-
ty, last auItumn, produced the m-lancholy information,
that there were 1500 females out ofemploymnent. and de-
sirous to obtain work-and that the society employed
about 500 in the course of the year.


13395Pr inzes, 'z sC, 34,220 Tickets. 0 ,1 u
20825 Blauks,
The Tickets in this Lottery are so arranged that the
drawing of NINi', numbers only will determine the fate
of lie whole Lottery, consequently, there will be but
ONE DRAWING !
Tickets F7, and shares in proportion. Apily at
TYLERS TaTMPLE O1 PORTJlWN
Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington City.
Where the CASH will be advanced for prizes as soon
as dr.wn.
Al orders post paid promptly attended to,
sept 18-3t
SALE OF GROCERIES & FURNITURE,
,I .l auction.
O-N MONDAY, the 27th iit,. at 9 o'clock A. M. will
h e sold at public auctioii, at the SIov occupied bv
Mr Z. C. CIIESLEY, (Agent for A.(0H E-,1,FV,) on
High street, his whole stock of GRt)CElltES,'consist
ing, in part, as follows, viz:
20 barrels Brown Sugars
20 do Whiskey
5 do Rum
Ying' H-Iyson Teas
Ground Alum Salt
Priute Haron
Farnly Flour, and Rye Chop
Coffee and Chocolate
Pepper and Starch
Soap, Molasses
And niany other articles.
Also, a great variety of STONE WARE.
At the same time and place, a quantity of Household
and Kitchen [FURNI URE. such) as 3 dozen handsome
Chairs, 2 Feather Beds, 2 Sideb,,ards, &c. &ce.
Terms will be made known at the time and place of
sale.
THOSE. C. WRIGHT,
Georgetown, Sept. 17-ts Auctioneer.

NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN,
T tO their hers of a certain JlOiHN WILSON, who, by
- last ccouints, were living somewhere in the State
of Virginia, that Matthew Wilson, late of Frankf-,rd
Towoship, Cumberland Co)unty and State of I'ennsylva-
nia, brother of said ,John Wilson, by his last will, Litt a
considerable Legacy, amounting to several thousand dol-
lars, to be paid to the heirs of said John wilsoun, in case
,hey come forward and make legal proof of their right,
-n the course of three years from this date, otherwise
they are debarred from receiving" it.
JOHN M'DOWELL,
JOHN DILILER,
aug 6-w8w Executors,


SYMMES' THEORY.

INQUIRIES RELATIVE TO THE NATURAL HIS-
TORY OF THE EARTH.

As those Magellanic clouds of the Southern
hemisphere, which are seen from the South At-
lantic a;nd f-ron the southeast parts of the Pacific
(cran (reverse from New Htolland and New
Zealand) are not visible from the east part of the
Indian Ocean ; and as they, without revolvin-,
correspond both in relative position and in rela-
tire proportion, and also in their respective gene-
ral outlines, wi the south half, or three fourths,
(of New Z--aland, a section of the S. S. E. part of'
New Hiolland, and the whole of Van Dieman's
Lan'l," (the strongly marked gulf or ithdenta'iton
in the coast of the most southward y, or south
eastwardly, part of New Hollanl, bein' lfdubt-
less visible on the und-rside of that one of the
two larger clouds, which should, according to the
suo-estion here maintained, be constituted by a
small portion of N. lHolland,)-does it not there-
fore follow, that, like Scoresby's ship, which, in
Baffin's bay,was seen,by means of great refraction,
apparently in the heavens, that these lands are, in
a somewhat similar manner, seen as if they were
in the sky? It is doubtless out of outr vis'Al
power to discover that bent rays of vision are
crooked ; hence, we necessarily suppose an ob-
ject, seen by means of bent rays, to be situated
where in reality it is not.
As Symmes' map of the northern verge, pub-
lished in Sept. 1822, places North America n11
one side of the sloped verge, or sloped polar
ope:.ing,t and Asia on the opposite side slope,
and as his marked m ridians run, more or less
directly, alnhmg up the edge of either slope of the
apparent verge-, towards a position on, or rather
under, the highest side of the opening, which
highest side lie marks to the northward of Eu-
rope, and which position, being the 90th degree,
he marks on the apparent verge ; it follows, if
his, conclusions are founded in truth, that the
mosr direct course outwards, from the innermost
region of the concave, towards and over the
north verg-, must be more or less northeastward-
ly, by the sun, in America, and northwestwardliy
in Asia, will it not therefore also follow, that the
PERPETUAL CURRENTS whidh Parry and Franklin
described in the North Sea of Amnerica, as pre-
vailing northeastwarilly, and the similar currents
mentioned by Captain Cochrane, and certain
Russian explorers, as prevailing in the North
Sea of Asia, north westwardly, both progress out-
wards, in thie :iost direct manner practicable, to-
wards, if not over the verge ; or, in other words,
outwards and downwards towards our temperate
regions ? Capt. Cochrane, in a recent publica-
tion, has stated that he supposes the northwest
currents of .qsia to supply the northeast currents of
.America; but. although Capt. Cochrane quotes
Capt. Franklin relative to the lodgment of pecul-
iar driftwood, the product of warmer climates,
yet he at the same time overlooks a fact stated by
Franklin, which forbids his theory, which fact is,
that the water of the North Sea is fresher than
any other seas. Now, such could not be the
case if those seas were supplied by a current
from the Pacific, poured through Behring's strait;
and, I may here add, that Behring's strait is com-
paratively both narrow and shallow, and that
some Russian Journalists contend that it is only
the mouth of a deep bay, and, as well as -I r -
member, Cook has not treated of any notable
current there, whilst Captain Parry treats of
perpetual currents, which are very general beyond
Bafitn's bay. Parry found that the current in
one particular strait run at the rate of four miles
an houri-
As the northeast winds of Siberia and the
northwest winds of Hudson's and Baffin's bays
are, I learn, similar in their general character,
and as ground swells prevail most from the north-
east in the north seas of Asia and Europe, and
most from the northwest in Baffin's and Hudson's
bays; and, as the rein deer of Siberia proceed
enortheastwardly in October, and those of Hud-
son's bay, at the same season, proceed northwest-
wardly, does it not follow, that the previous sug-
gestion, offered in the last paragraph, is well-
founded, seeing that it is propped by such corrobo-
rating facts and circumstances as are enumerated'
in this pailagraph ?
The direction of the magnetic needle, and of
the aurora borealis, generally seem to afford fur-
ther corroboration.
Are there not hundreds of facts, that can be
cited in a similar manner, in favor of the new
system ? Thlie writer of these remarks says
there are, anI that le will cite them particularly
and public. ly, as soon as he has time, patronage,
or means, sufficient to enable him to do so.
Thie many recently published English accounts
of new discoveries in the north, abound in facts
more or less applicable as proofs.
A remarkable fact, which was but lately ap-
plied as a proof the theory, is, that the relative
difference in the climates, on any given meridian
traced throughout the two Americas, from one
known extreme to the opposite, accords with the
new system. For, such meridian, (for example,
the meridian of Boston,) crossing over the
south verge at about 40 or 430 -of south lat. and
over the north verge at aboutt 57 or 60 of north
lat. as laid down in tihe new system, affords tle
following phenomena, viz: counting firo:ni tlte
equator either way, the first 40 or 43 appear to
be most temperate to the south, and the next 15
or 20 degrees to be least cold or unproductive to
the north, and beyond the 60th degree, on either
hand, as ftar as known, on the meridian in ques-
tion, it appears to be again least cold or icy to the
south.
And it also appears, that ranges of equal cli-
mates decline, counting from Europe across
Asia, nearly east by south, and from Europe
across America, nearly west by south ; this af-
fords an inference that the verge is, as markedtl in
the new system,.every where nearly equally dis
tant from such natural parallels of climate, espe-
cially, as the magnetic equator appears to be
every wher- parallel to the climates in question.
These severally described climates, it must be ad-
mitted, corroborate the new theory.
[To" be continued.]

Van Diemen's land, being, according to thle new sys-
tem, on the concave surface of the sphere, and New


Hollandl on the convex, the rays from the latter are con-
sequently most bent, when seen from the reverse or op-
posite side of the sphere, hence make that cloud ap-
parently farther from the former than the relative dis-
tance on the map would seem to indicate it to be. We
only see these magellanic clouds at night, when the sun
is shining on the islands in question ; adit! from hence is
their relative light deducible. Their color is hat of
distant hazy mountains, on which the sun is shining.
In one sea they appear to the right of due South and
in another to thle left; but, they are perpetually fixed,
at a given height, and on a given ncourst, ;at any, and
every place where they arec visible, and the stars and


the heavens, generally, in their diurnal revolution,
sweep by them. As a voyager proceeds to the east or'
west they become more or less to the right or left of the
meridian, and more or less high ; and as one proceeds
to the soith, they appear higher and higher; and fi.
nlivy become nortli of the Zenith, when seen by an oh.
serl er situaredi solth ot thie straits of Magellan, which
stra;lsare i, latitude 52 decrees south.
t T:ke a holllow t'errn-stril 'lo.e, such as are used in |
the colleges, and insert a saw at north 1 tiuide 68 de. I
agrees, in Liaplarid, and saw obhiiquely throt''h in a direc- .
tion to com- out al niorith la.itudt 5') or -5. de(f rees in
the Pacific, a. d thi, .aperture tints prodttic.d, wil. show
the general dimension is ald slope of the north polar
opening as mark-d in lthe new system.
I it 11s Ion : been known thtl tIropical pro iictions,
including tii:nbr i ndl vegetable s,.- i, drift onil to thie'
north shores of the arctic i-'gi,>ws. 'No v, tis it is prove(l
herein, I conceive thial pe'rpiioal cnrents, fed by watlcr .
only motderamel, salt, poir down from a ll tih northern (
sea; it ftolows, that those tropical prodlictions must '
drift from a temperale climate, existing within the con-
cave. '
1l The winters of England at about lat. 53 N. are said
to be less severe lihan the winter's of New-York at about
lit. 43 ; and grin produces well at lat. 66 in Norway,
whilst at lat. 56, in Kanistclatkn, it will not produce.

CONGRESSIONAL REGISTER".

Office of the ,ta0iontl Inlrllizgencer,
Spiember 1, 1824.
A CCORDING to an intimation heretofore give, there
will be published at this Office, during the next Ses-
sion of Congress, and,if encouraged by the approbation
of tIlh Poblic, at every Session therealter, a lEG!STElf,
OF DEB3ATES IN Ct NGRESS, intended to compre-
hend a miore- tll Iteport of the Speechies on topics of I
teieral interest, in each H.i-e- of o Cqcnprss, than hias
ever lheretofore been ptublisithed, or than can lie given
go th.i public through the ordinary and limited channel,
the columns of a newspaper. Tllis compilation will be
of the nost authentic cast, printed will geat regard to
accuracy, and in a form for duratdbl pres-rvation.-
This undertaking is not of co .rse intended 0o subisti-
tute orsupersede the Riepor'ts ofDebates for tlheN'iioial
Intelligfenrer, but rather, by wirhdrawinig, the heavy and
exteniled Reports from its columns, to enable the Pro-
prietors of that Journal to furnish, every d:ia, in a com-
prehnslive form, intrlligible Reports of the Proceedings
and Discussions on th- clay preceding in both Hlouses.
The Register" is necessarily an experiment, but it is
an experiment the success of which we see no reason to
doubt. Every one who takes an ilt'er-st in our political
history, as well as all those who eng:tCe in tile duties of
political life, must have fell and lamented thle want of a
Record of Debates in Congress, in a conveinent for :, wi Ih
indexes which might lead the inquirer to any subject
debated, and to the inam, of any one who eng :ged in
debate. Such a work would be an elementary book for
young politicians, and we have no hesitation in asserting
that the possession of such a one, from the commence-
'ment of the existing government to this day, would be of
immense value to the nation, were it-only to show what
has heretofore been said upon questions which are con-
tinually recu rring for discussion, and producing needless
consumption of time by superfluous debate. What is true
of the years tht have passed, will, as soon as they are
gone, be equally true of those in which we live.
It is not only, therefore, as a vehicle of present infor-
mation, bhut also ,'s a book for future reference--as a Na-
tional Political Repository and Text-Book, that we hope
this work will be both useful and popular.
From the lowness of the subscription to the wo-rk, it
will be seen that it is no part of our calcitlation to realize
any present profit from it. On the contrary, we shall, in
all probability, lose money by it for a year or two, hop-
ing that thereafter its established character will ensure it
a sufficient patronage to make it profitable.
GALES & SEATON.
CONDITIONS.
The publication of GALES &.-SEATON'S REGIS-
TER OF DEBATES IN CONGRESS will commence
as soon as the D)ebates at each successive Session of Con-
gr-ess shall afford materials to fill a half sheet, 8 pa.- s.)
The work will. be printed in the octavo form, on a sir-
per-royal paper, made for the purpose, and on a brevier
type, in double columns-each page comprising nearly
as much matter as one of the columns of the National In-
telligencer.
It will contain as full and accurate Reports as can be
obtained of all Debates on main questions, and of all in-
teresting Debates on incidental questions; with an Ap-
pendix, containing a List of the Members of each House,
the Yeas apd Navs in each House on questions which
have been the subject of Debate, such Dorumt-nts, con-
nected with the subjects of Debate, as mav be deemed
essential to enable the reader to comprehend them, and
proper Indexes to the whole.
The Debates of the next Session, it is computed, will,
with the Appendix, make a volume offive hundred pages,
at least, and will be furnished to subscribers, through the.
Post Office, in sheets, as published, (or reserved at this
Office, at the subscriber's option,) at 7rn T)r OLr.AIIs for
the volume, be it more orless. to be paid in advance in all
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The subscription will in no case, unless within the city,
and not then unless specially indicated, be understood to
extend beyond the volume actually paid for in advance.
To non-subscribersthe price will be FOuit dollars, bound
in boards, for the volume now announced.
The Debates of the Session ofCongress; following the
next, and of the first Session of every Congress, will, it
is supposed, fill about one thousand pages; or perhaps
more, making one very large volume, or two of a hand-
some size-the first Session ofeach Congress being nearly
double the duration of the second. The price of the
Register for thie first Session of each Congress, be .ts
contents more or less than 1000 pages, wilf be fixed at
FIVE dollars to subscribers, and six to non-subscribers.
FOR SALE,
T HE RETREAT and PLANTATION formerly the
residence of DANIEL of St. THOMAS JENIFER,
Esq. deceased.
This body of land lies adjoining the town of Port
Tobacco, Maryland, and binds on the Creek nearly two
miles, containing upwards of 1100 acres. It is suscepti-
ble of a convenient division; the mail road from Port
Tobacco to Nanjemov separating it into nearly equal
parts. The land on the south side of the road, generally
known as the Plantation, includes about 700 acres, with
an extensive Quarter, and Overseer's H-ouse; Stabes.
Hay Loft, and Granary under one .roof, a Crib, Corn
House, and large Tobacico Barn. This land is abundantly
watered, and is adapted to the growth of cornwlheat,
and tobacco; a meadow, isbluding nearly fifty acres,
part of which is set with timothy. The land onl the
north side of the road, known as the Re'treat. is one o
the most ilesirable situa'ions in tle county fir a pro-
fession.l gentleman, being remarkable for health, and
,excellent water. The buildings upon this part are, a
convenient Frame Dwelling" House, with to rooms on
each floor, and a wide passage below, a Kitchen adjoin-
ing; an Office, with two rooms; Meat House, Store
House, aid Stables, including Carrisge Houie and lay
Loft. The meadow on the estate lies contiguous to
either division.
Also, fifty acres of land about a mile from the la.lter.
entirely covered with Wood and Hail Timber.
The whole of this property will be sold together or
separate, as purchasers may desire. For terms, &c. ap-
ply to tie subscriber, living near Allen's 'resh, Md
The above properly will be offl''red at public sale, in
the town of Port Tobacco, on Tuesdlay, tie 21st day of
September nexrt. For terms, apply to llie subscriber.
.july 31-ts DANIEL JENIFER.
A SERVANT WANTED.
I WISH to purchase a SEIV\NT MAID, of unex-
ceptionable character, who understands all kinds of
house work. For one, of such qualifications, a liber-al
price, in cash, will be paid,


SAMUEL BURCH.
sep 16- N I. W. G. & Metro.
NOTICE TO BRIDGE BUILDERS.
P[) PO-ALS will be receiv,- until the firs. day of
_L Deceu her n, xt, for building a Toll Dridge across
Roanotke River, at the town of Ilaifax, No th Car,-lina.
Any coming uniations on the subject, addressed to the
subscirber, will be attended to.
EDM. B. FREEMANy,
luly 14-wtlOct Secretary,


.U
















TO THE EDITORS:.
GENTLEMEN: It was in your paper I first saw
tile extract of a letter referred to in the following
article. You will oblige me by copying this. re-
ply to it, which 1 have cut out from a Maryland
paper. If it contains any misrepresentation of
facts, it will be is the power of any one of Mr.
ADAMS' friends to correct it. Yours, &c.
FROM TIIHE POLITICAL INTELLITrENCEIt.
Mr. Ritchie : The.Maryland Herald of the Gth
of July, contains an extract of a letter from John
Quincy Adams, to a gentleman in Washington
countv, dated June, 1824-which I find-*i-anslat-
ed into your paper of the 17th inst. It has been
given to the public by Mr. .ams and his friends,
in evidence of his opinions upon a subject of much
general iflterest-about which a peculiar srolici-
tude has been justly felt by the citizens of the
Upper'District of Maryland. Having been thus
'submitted to the good people of Allegany, Wrash-
ington, and Frederick, for whose especial benefit
I doubt not it was designed, it may be permitted
to an unpresuming voter, without offence, to enter
into a frank examination of its import. It will be
found, I am persuaded,; if our inquiries are con-
ducted with candor, that Mlr. idan s neither is
nor ever has been, friendly to a national system of
internal improvement.
Mr. Adams refers, in his letter of June, 1824,
to the opinions professedly entertained by him in
1807, when a member of the Senate of the United
States-and declares that they remain uncliang-
ed. .He represents his resolution, offered on the
'23d of February, 1807,. as indicative of his im-
pressions then and now. This resolution de-
serves to be analysed. Independently of the cir-
cumistances under which it was offered, which of
themselves surround it with suspicion, it will be
found, upon examination, as will the letter of June
1824, 'to negative the impression whith Mr.
'Adams is now laboring to produce; they both
place him in the attitude of covert hostility to a
national system of internal improvement.
Mr. Adams, on the 23d of February, 1807, of-
fered the resolutions to which he refers, for the
sole purpose of defeating a bill then depending be-
fore the Senate of the United Slates, contemplating
an object of internal improvement of the highest
moment. It was so regarded by the Senate,'and
rejected. Mr. J.lilams never renewed the propo-
sition. The resolution adopted- by the Senate
which produced the report of Mr. Gallatin,, the
Secretary of the Treasury, was offered by Mr.
Worthington, of Ohio, on the 28th of February,
and passed on the 2d of March, 1807. The fol-
lowing is an extract from the Senate Journal of
the 2Sd ofFebruary, 1807 :
"The Senate resumed, as in committee of the whole,
.the second reading of the bill authorizing the sale and
grant of a certain quantity of land to the Chesapeake
and Delaware tanal Company; and the President re-
ported the bill to the House without amendment.
"On motion by Mr. Smith, of Maryland, to adopt a newv
section, to be made the fifth, it was determined in the
negative.
On motion by Alr. ,qdams to postpone the bill, for the
purpose of considering the following resolution-
"Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury be di-
Tected to prepare and report to the Senate at their next
session, a plan for the application of such means as are
constitutionally within the power of Congress, to the pur-
' posis of <-upeing roadn, far-removinruobs-trutions ill ri-
ver-s, and making canals, together with a statement of tihe
undertakings of that nature now existing in the United
States which, as objects of public improvements, may
require and deserve the aid of government, It passed
in the negative." See Senate Aournal, vol. 4, p. 156.
The object of this resolution, which was not a
second time offered by Mr. Adams, is manifest
and apparent. It was to defeat the bill before
the Senate, by postponing it till the next session.
The report called for by the Secretary of the
Treasury -was to be made to the Senate at their
niext session, and to embrace a statement of the
means -constitutionally within the powers of Con-
gress." This is .neither the conduct nor the lan-
guage of a friend to a national system of internal
improvement.
But, fortunately for the cause of truth, five
days after the resolution above quoted was offered
by him, his opinions were boldly avowed on the
*floor of the Senate. How they are to be reconcil-
ed with the views to which it is desired now to
give currency, I leave it to the ingenuity of his
friends to determine. Look at the facts.
On Monday. the 12th of January, 1824, Mr.
Clay, the Speaker of the House of Representa-
tives of the United States, who, in February,
1807, was a member of the Senate, made the fol-
lowing statement: "iHe adverted to the fact that,
when, some sixteen years ago, a proposition had
been made in the Senate for authorizing a survey
around the falls of Ohio, a member, now high in
office. was of opinion, that, so absolutely was the
Government divested ofthe power over internal im-
provement, it could not au'horize a survey looking
to such an object." See the National Intelligen-
cer of January 13, 1824.
Who is the member, now high in office," al-
luded to by Mr. Clay ? 6 The subject to which lie
refers was before the Senate in February, 1807.
ffr. Crauford was not then a member of the Se-
nate, nor was Air. Calhoun, nor Mr. Southard,
nor Mr. Wirt. Mr. Adams was; and his vote
upon the bill mentioned by Mr. Clay, shews "that
he is thie man."
ExTraACTS FROM ors T J IOInA..
&Saturday, Feb. 28, 1807.
ThIe bill providin- for the appointment of commis
sioners to aseertain the practice ability of renuoving the
obstructions in the navigation Ot"the O)hio, at the rapids,
was read tihe third time, and the first blank, providing
foibr the laily pay of the commissioners, was filled with
five dollars; andI the second blank in the clause making
an appro priation, with the words two thousands dollars :'
and; on the question, shall this bin pass as amenled ?'
it was determined in tile affirmative-yeas 13, nays .
"Th rse who voted pu the affirmative are, Messrs. Bay-
ard, CL Y';' G, aillard, G.ilman, H1illlouse, Maclay, Mil.-
ledge, Mitchell, Moore, Pickernng, Pl'rner, Reed, Smith,
,of*Msylann, Symith, of tOlhin, Smith, of Tennessee, Thirus-
ton, White, and Wortlnington.
"Those wino voted in the negative are, Messrs.
J1D.1lS, Condit, lHo land, Kitchel, Smith, of N. York,
Smith, of Vermont, Tracy, and Turner." See Senate
Journal, vol. 4, p. 165.
These extracts are conclusive to shew that Mr.
Adams, in 1807, was the enemy of a national sys-
tem of Internal Ihprovement. His opinions he
,avows to be unchanged. He is, therefore, now
;hostile to the policy which would foster the in-
terests of internal commerce by roads and canals.


There is but one way of escape from this con-
.clusion. It is to ascribe to Mr. Clay a misappre.
hension or misrepresentation of the expressed
yiews of "a member now high in office." To
do this, DO liberal minded American can be dis-
posed.
*Mr. Adams' letter of June, 1824, fortifies the
coficlusion to which the above circumstances ne.
cessarily conduct us. It will be the subject ofa
future number. A VOTER.


3 Fri T0 ,11

SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 18.

In the preceding page will be found an extract
from an Address, by M. CAREY, Esq. to the Phi-
ladelphia Agriculloral Society. In the letter in
which the author requests the publication of this
extract, he very justly remarks, that, whether
his opinions be right or wrong, the di-cu.sion
"cannot fail to do good. If right, they will
serve to correct existing error; if otherwise,
let them be refuted, and the progress of false
doctrines averted."
That the opinions" of this able and indefati-
gable writer are wrong" upon the point
stated, we have as little doubt as we have that
this country now enjoys prosperity, nationally
and individually, in as great a degree as can rea-
sonably be expected, communibus annis, to fall
to the lotof any people. We shall not, however,
undertake to refute them by any labored process.
The facts which are notorious to every one can-
not be shaken by k course of reasoning founded
on the condition of other countries: nor can we
consent to the doctrine which requires us to le-
gislate after the example of the Emperor of Rus-
sia. Thq policy which may answer very well in
Russia, is not adapted to a Rep-ublicakn govern-
ment. A government dependent upon, and com-
posed of, and influenced by, the People, must
consult the interest of the whole People, and in its
legislation, yield something to the wishes,and even
to the prejudices,of the several interests and class-
es of the community. In a despotic government,
the sic volo of the Sovereign supplies the place of
the popular opinion; and the policy of the govern-
ment, whatever it be, is pursued with very little
regard to the operation of its measures on the
People. This distinction, so necessary to be ta-
ken, in comparing the policy (f this government.
with that of unlimited monarchies, appears to be
lost sight of by all those who would have us to
prohibit importations of foreign articles, because
Russia has done so, or Spain has done so. The
same ai-gument would invite us to subject all de-
scriptions of the mechanic arts to regulation by
licenses, as in Russia, to prohibit the circulation
of books and newspapers, as in Spain, or to do any
other thing contrary to the genius of this People,
and to the rights which they retrieved by a suc-
cessful revolution.
The experience of the last session of Congress
is sufficient to prove the difficulty of legislating
for'a whole People upon matters which deeply
affect their interest. The act which finally pass-
ed for a revision of the tariff of duties on foreign
goods, was a compromise of conflicting interests,
looking to which consideration, it must be allow-
ed that much was gained by that act, for the ma-
nufacturing interest. It is most earnestly hoped
that this renewal of the discussion at Philadel-
phia is not a prelude to a renewal of it iii Con-
gress, by a demand for further protection to ma-
nufactures, by prohibitory duties. Such a de-
mand, at this time, could not but be in vain, and
could haveno other effect than to produce ueed.
less dissensions. We incline to think, however,
that such a project is not at present in the con-
teinplation of Mr. CAitEY; and that, in deliver-
ing an Address upon Manufactures to an Agri-
cultural Society,he has been influenced preciselyas
out friend IOMO was some years ago, when, having
to deliver an annual Address as President of the
Agricultural Society of Prince George's county.
lie surprised his hearers by an elaborate disserta-
tion, not on Agriculture, but on Finance and Na-
tional Currency. In both cases, probably, the minds
of these worthy citizens were overflowing with
ideas upon their favorite themes, and it was the
opportunity, rather than any particular object in
view, that procured for the public the benefit of
their effusion.
Mr. TATTNALL must feel himself under great
obligations to Mr. CAREY for the immortality to
which he has consigned the Speech which he de-
livered, on the protection of manufactures, by de-
scribing it, in this extract from his Address, as
never to be forgotten." As to the epithet of
tirade" applied to it, if Mr. C. could see all the
Southern Journals as we do, and the universal
excitement of which they give abundant proof, he
would cease to be so much surprised at thie lan-
guage which has been employed on the floor of
Congress in regard to the late increase of duties.
It was not to that increase, however, but to a
much larger increase, proposed at a preceding
session, that the Speech of Mr. T. had relation,
and, though his language on the occasion may
not have been very guarded, his sentiments were
undeniably those of the People whom hlie repre-
sented.
Mr. CAREY has erred, we rather think, in attri..
buting to a Senator of the United States the ex-
pression that manufactures are the most thriv-
ing and prosperous part of the community." The
sentiment may possibly have been that gentle-
man's, without our recollecting it. It was er-..
tainly ours, however, expressed some time in
the last summer, and drew forth a world of
* commentary, at the time it was expressed,
From the Editor of the Weekly Register. Mr.
* CLAY also did us the honors to reflect upon us
for it, in one of his speeches/at the last session
of Congress. Notwithstanding all this weight of


* authority against us, we have never seen any
- thing to induce us to retract-the sentiment. We
believe it was literally true at the time, and that
it is equally so now. If it be yet disputed, we
are willing to be corrected, and will be content
e to abide by any reasonable test. We will sug-
" gest one, the fairness of which will hardly be dle-
nied. Let the amount of the capital invested in sol-


vent manufacturing establishments be taken, and
then let the amount ofj the nett profits accruing
therefrom within any given term be ascertained.
If the rate of of profit yielded by this portion of
the national capital do not double the rate of the
nett profits yielded, upon a like computation, by
thle capital employed either ill agriculture, com-
merce, or navigation, we will confess our error,
and retract our statement.

At "a numerous and respectable Meeting of
Republicans" in the county of Steuben. in the
State of New York, resolutions were passed ex-
pressiveof their approbation of the claims ts f li.:NR
CLAY to the Presidency, and NArHAN SaA't'oun- to
the Vice Presidency of the United States.

MILITIA OF THE DIST'IIICT OF COLUMBIA.

A list of Officers appointed foray the Second Bri-
gade of the Militia.i

Thomas J. Minor, Lighlt infanltry.
Thomas C. Tuly, Hifle.
Israel P. Thonmpson, Infantry.
Win. A. Williams, Artillery.
Aaron D. Ilarnlon, Light Infantry.
Francis Peyton, jr. Charles C. [Le, Philip It. Fendcll,
Robert ,laimieson, lto!er't I.. White, tninant).
Timothy P. Andrews, Cavalry.
1.lTiJTENA5,'rS.
Itobert Conway, Artille:yv.
John Dol'udap, James P. Coleman, Light Infantry.
Bernard Hooe, Cihnrles Cazenove, James 11. Earle,
Washington Viol-et, \\'m. W. Scott, John A. Somers,
Samutael A. Childs, michard Wood, Infimtry.
Edwand W. Ci:i-ke, Cavairy.-
SECONIl LIDU'r:EATS.N
Orlando Morse, Art-liery..
WMn. tibble, 'ldwarad itman, Light Infantry.
Williami Philips, lihl'.
Ifichmond Johnson, Cavalry.

Horatio Ball, Infantry.
CollNET.
William grentis, CaavaI ry.

LATEST FROM RIO JANEIRO.

Capt. Chandler, of the brig T orpedo, who hlas
arrive ed at Baltimore, in 35 .days from RioJa neio,
reports that, on the 25th July, a hot press took
place, in which several Americans were impress-
ed, and, on the 27th, an embargo was laid on ac-
count of te Brazilian squadron being about sail-
ing to blockade Pernambuco ; they sailed 2d Au-
gust, within 2,000 troops on board. The embar-
go was taken off on the 8th. On the 21st,
Capt. C. passed within four miles of the block-
ading squadron, at '-anchor off Pernambuco and
Orlinda, consisting of one 74, two smaller ships,
and a brig.
Extract of a letter from a highly respectable and intefl-
gent American in Rio de ,Janeiro to the editors of the
New-York Gazette, dated Jm.ne 24, 1824.
"Those monstrous errors on the subject of
Banking, which were so deeply rooted in our own
country a few years since, which we once took so
much pains to combat, exist here inl Brazil, al-
though a gold-producing country, with all the
fallacies of the commercial system. Here is a
non-specie paying Bank, which started some years
ago, with a capital of $.,n'n.nn' antl has now
i obably, notes in cireu l.Ititlton t tut'ce t!mud.n sim int,
or more. The consequence is, that its paper is
depreciated to such an extent that a Spanish dol-
lar, of which the legal value is 800 reis, is now
the equivalent of 1040 in currency."

Mr. MosEs D,,wsox, of Cincinnati, has just
pubiished A Historical Narrative of the Civil
and Military Services ofmNlaj. Gen. Wi.lliain H.
Harrison, and a Vinlication of his Character and
Conduct as a Statesman, a Citizen, and a Soldier,
with a detail of Negotiations and Wars with the
Indians, until the overthrow of the celebrated
Chief Tlecumseh and his Brother the Prophet."
In 1 vol. 8vo. pp. 475.
DIEI),
In Raleigh, N. C. on the I thinstant, after an illness
of five days only, Mr. STEPHE'IN HIAYWOOD; leaving
a wife, eight children, and many other relatives and
friends, to mourn their irreparable and unexpected loss.
He was a steadfast and uniform Republican, of incor-
ruptible integrity, devoted to the Republican Institu-
tions ol' his country; and lie was ann honest mantn.
At tie Sweet Springs in Virginia, on the let instant,
MOSES MORDECAI, Esq. of lthe vicinity of Raleigh,
N. C. The deceased hadl been indilsposed for some
months, and is said to have suffered tfrom an abscess in
the spleen, tfor which no operation could safely be per-
formed. The ininlediate cause of his tdeat.il was thie in-
flammnatory complaint under which lie had suillered in
his health for some tinm past. Mr. Mlordecai was an
ellinenIt law) er, audl his prIctice waO coulInnsurate with
his taIleints. lie has left a wie iad. there children to de-
plore tIa loss.
At the house oI'Tiomnas Matthews, in Ilancock county,
Geo. where hie had gonlue on a visit flom ais residence inn
Chatham county, on the 24th August, Captain 1l 4tITAIN
MA'"T'ILEWVS. Capt 1. K. was born iun lalilhx county,
N. G. Nov. 7, 1752. At the commencement of the ite-
vohutionary struggle, lie volunteered hIis services in a re-.
giment of Iorse, that was at that tim 'organizing in his
native county. For some time lie sered as a private
soldier, during which time hic was engaged in several
severe conflicts with thie enemy; but, long' bc'or'e tihe
conclusion o the war, br Inls bLi'avery' and uniorun good
conduct, hin was advanced to the rank nil' Cnaptain.
tIe conci usion oI the tev lutioni, lie rei oved to tie state
ofUeo'gia, where he lis livtul to raise up and hsee set-
tied in life, an extensive lunily, all vrtuous and respect-
able.

g:t, In consequence of severe intilspusi-
lion nu thie aminy ut tine ltey. Mr. IIa tnL'rov, there we'll
be no prencllitu.g in the Foundry Chapucl to-nmou'ow.
sept iy-
y 'l Te LAF'AYE'rTECoMMITE'EE tUF ABan.ANox-
MENTS are requested to meet at thIe Mayor's Of-
-tice T'his Day, at 12 o'clock.
sept uti-
'IC'- The LEGtON.aMy CoUrT Extraordinary,
for hie Sceoni JLegiou of tle l"urst Brigale ut' C ,lum-
bian Militia, will m[ et at tn'own's Hutel Tills DAY, the,
18tlh nsi. at 4 o'clock i'. M. agreeably to adjournmenet.
sepnt IS-- N. Il.ASIEL.L, A. C. (c.


L INDiEI'FNENDrT BLUES.-'A special n meeting
of ,ine Company will be hiell at nihC City Hall on Mulonday
Evening, the 201h inst. at 7 o'clock precist ly. 'Pncumtal
attendance is requested, isi tire Uniform wil liculn be
subn.itted, and an Agent appointed to procure all the
materials in Baltimore.
sept 18- hy order of Captain FOOR.
OC' WASHINGTON BOTANICAl. SOCILETY.-A
meeting of this Society will be held at the usual place,
at 5 o'clock, P. M. on Monday, the 20th instant.
sept 18- WM. ELLIOT.


AN ACCOUNT OF RADICALISM.

Extract from an "Address of the People of South Caroli-
na, on the subject of the approaching Presidential
Election." -
What is a Radical ? In what consists the harm
of being one? 'To the adoption of what dehlete-
rious prnrinciple does this thing called 1Rudi-
culismlead ? Don't know. The penp'e don't
know ; nor has any of those who have been so
industrious in ringing such a variety of changes-
upon this woid, ever instructed the people in any
respect, as to its nmeanii.g or tendency. To judge
from the abhorrence with which Mr. Crawford's
adversaries harp upon the word, one wouil be in-
duced to think that a radical was a man eater, or
atin lheist, or an tfidtl, at least.
Until those who think the charge so monstrous,
shall be more definite, we: must be content to
grope in the da;irk, and by returning to the cir-
cumstatncc-s of the times at which the word was
"got up," endeavor to see its origin, and thus tde-
termine whether good or bad principles are co-
vered under it.
The earliest application of the term (Radical )
to any party or association of men in this coun-
try, was in the session of 1820-'21 of Congress.'
Those who pay any attention to public affairs,
will recollect that this was a year of the most un-
exampled depression in the state of tlie Tre.su-
ry. The revenues which accrued in 1816 had
amounted to S36,657,904. That which accrued
in 1818, (after the repeal of the internal taxes)
amounted to 826,095,200-whereas, in 1821, it
wais estimated at that session that it would athount
to only ?16,550,000. It was ascertained, as far
as it could be by estimate, that the balanceagainst
the Treasury on the first of January, 1821, was
$4,204,464.
While the estimates of the public expen.1
diture amounted to 17,504,018
Requiring for the service of 1821 $21,708,482
Presenting an excess above the estimat-
edf receipts of 5,158,482'
Of the sums estimated to be teceivedt, it was
known that more than half a million being in
Western paper, could not be made available in
the course of the year. This state of things hadl
nwit been unforeseen by the Secretary. The causes
which produced ii, he had pointed to in his pre-
vious reports, lie had iiformned Congress and
the nation, that a re-action in'the importation of
fo'-ign goods would, about this period, take
place, in consequence of the excessive quantities
imported immediately after the war, and he had
then recommended that provision should be
made to meet the difficulty. In the year pre-
vious, the same difficulty had occurred, though
not to in equal extent. A loan of '< inn it,,,
had been authorized to supply the deficiency of
means for the service of the year. In his annu-al
report commended that the revenue be augmented, or
that the expenditure be dtitninished." No means
had been adopted to augment the means, and but
littlit curtailment in expenses was made. As
might have been expected, the deficiency was
greater in the next year. Under these circum-
stances, what was he to do ? To fold his arms
in silence, content to float with the tide, notwith-
standing the responsibility of his station ? No,
he saw the difficulty : knew his duty, and
prepared to. mept it. By the act of Congress,
creating i'1"' T'i-,. i"'r Departm n ent, i.i'i-ld in
1789, it is made the duty (if the Secretary tio
digest and prepare plans for the improvement and
management of the revenue, and for the support
of public credit ; to prepare and report estimates
of the public revenue, and the public expendi-
tures"-" to make report, and give infoinuation to
either branch of the legislature, in person or in
writing, (as may be required) respecting all mat-
ters referred to him by the Senate ov House of
Representatives, or which shall appertain to his
office ; and, generally, to perform all such ser-
vices, relative to the finances, as he shall be di-
rected to perform." Suchl were his duties, and
they became more imperative in proportion to the
increase of the embarrassments of the finances.
'The deficiency of means for the service of 1820,
required a loan of S3,000,000. For 1821, ano-
ther loan of 87,000,000 was necessary, unless the
expenses could be greatly diminished. HIe pro-
posed an augmentation of revenue and diminution
of expenses for 1820, one or both were more n e-
cessary for 1821. To a system of internal taxa-
tion, he was opposed, and so expressed himself
in the annual report, both of 1819 and 1820. He
deemed it inexpedient to resort, at that time, to
the imposition of additional taxes upon the com-
munity ;" alnd, indeed, that a resort to internal
taxation," under the then existing circumstances
would be to require of the citizens of certain
parts of the United States, what it would be
impossible for them to perform."* Thatheshould
r'ecomnmend 'a perseverance in a system of loamns
was out of the question. But twto other alterna
ties remainetld': 1st, To augment thie revenue by
a revision of the tariff. tlnd, A reduction of ex-
penses. He had recommended both in the report
of 1819. In that ol'1820, he does not notice then
revision of the tariff, but does recommend a re-
duction of the expenses, especially *" these items
of expenditure whlichi depend absolutely upon tin
will Iof the legislature, unconnected with their ex-
istinglaws regulating thie permanent expendi-
ture." In these reconuneindations are to be found
the head and front of Mr. Crawiftord's ofending3.
T' nhese you must trace thIe hatred of his oppnu-
nents. In these you will find the rootl of his ia-
cdicalism. And yet, I ask again, What else could
he have done ? Here were large deficiencies oc-
curring in two successive years. If thie large ex-
penditures continuedI, it was foreseen that their
rec urence would c uatinue il subseque nt years.
It was his duty to recommend plans fort inm-
pIr( ement of thie finances." To internal taxes he
was opposed. To a system of loans, he and every
other mana in tie nation was opposed. But two
other resorts remained, viz : a revision of the ta-
rif', with a view to augment the receipts, and ai
reduction of thIe expense. Congress had refused
to revise the tariff as recommended in 1819.-
The duty of recommending a reduction ofex
penditures, especially those de pendent on the
will of the legislature," became, therefore, more
imperative : and, for discharging this duty, he has
been honored with the title of the Radical


Chief!"' How far lie has merited it, if applied as
a term of odium, the American people will decide.
Ini proceeding further to remark on this subject,
it is proper to inquire what are the items ofex-
penditure depending absolutely on the will of the
legislature." They do not include the pension list:
for the rate of pay and terms of admission to that
list, are regulated by law, and all admitted, must
be paid. They do not include the arnny: for the
number and pay of that are regulated by law, and
all in service must be paid. The same observa-


tlion may be made about the ships, officers, and
men of the navy. They did not include the an-
nual appropriation for the increase of the navy.
for that, also, wa s regulated by law. So, also,
all thI rates of salary in (lie civil list. The re-
coinmmeIndation cauld then have extended only to
objects, the appron'ri;tion necessary for which,
were not regulated by law, and to future projects,
requi,'ing the expenditure of money.
See the annual report of 1819 and 1829.

THEATRE.

Box 1slollar, Pit 50 cents;
Children under 12 years of age, hal' priie to box and
pit. (Ga'lery for colored people, 50 cenl'.
1L7 Nights of Performance Monday, Tuesday,
Thursday, and Saturday.
At the particular request of a number of Ladies and
Gentlemren,
On SI.,TURDIYEVENING, September 18, *
Will be presented the Musical Drama of
ROB ROY;
0Y, AAXXI lla g nS' e.
[For Characters represented, see bills.]
Finale to the first Act-"Hark! Hark! how from St.
Mungo's TI'ow(I t'!"
Act 2 -" Should Auld Acquaintance be forgot,"-
Chours aol Danec. Roy's wife of Aldivalloch."
A SCOl S DANCF, (incidental to the piece,) by Miss
HATH WELL; and
.I HIGHL.'iND REEL by the Characters.
Finale to the Piece, Pardon now the Bold Outlaw,"
by; the characters.
After which, the farce of the
GHOST;
Or, The Affrighted Farmer.
[ 'or Characters represented, see -Bills.]
(0' The Doors will be opened at half past 6 o'clypk,
anl the curtain rise at half past 7, precisely. Smoking
is absolutely prohibited in every part of the Theatre.
*,* Boxes one dollar-Pit fifty cents. Children half'
price to Box and Pit. & place is appropriated to peo-
ple ofcolor-Admiitance 50 cents. Checks not trans-
ferable.
t-t Tickets to be had at the office in front of the
Theatre; at Messrs. Davis and Force's Bookstore; at
the Lottery and Exchange Office of Mr B.O.Tyler; and
at the Drug Stores of Mr. William Gunton, and Mr. John
Duckworth, Pennsylvania Avenue.
sept 17-
CONSTFABLE'S SALE.
W ILL be expose-d to public sale, on Monday, July
26th, 1824, on the premises, in C street north, at
12 o'clock, Ml. for cash, the following property, viz: All
the leasehold, right, title, claim, and interest, of James
Smith, in and to lot No. eight, in square No. four hun-
dred and ninety, in the Ci'y of Washington, and the im-
provements thereon, consisting uf a brick Stable,. which
will hold thirty or forty horses. Seized and taken by
virtue of three writs of Venditioni Exponas issued by
'-Villianm Hewitt, Esq. Justice of the Peace of the Coun-
ty of Washington, in the District of Columbia, as the
properly of said Janres Sminh, and will be sold to satisfy
debts due to Andrew Coyle.
C. W. BOTELER,
j* uly 16, 1824-eo3t Constable.
1-r The above sale was, by mutual consent
of the parties interested, postponed to take place
on Saturday, the 4th of September, at the above
mentioned hour and place.
sept 4- C. W. BOTELER.
1c0' The above sale was, by mutual consent
of the parties interested, further postponed- to
take place To-morrow, (Saturday) the 18th inst.
at thei'aboverentionmedl .aor and- place, when it
will positively take place.
sept 17- C. W. B.

-POSTPONED TO 18th SEPTEMBER.

Public Sale of Valuable Livery Stable.
ir-nNDER the authority of a deed of trust from Jamea
Smith, the subscriber will sell at public auction on
Saturday, the 124th day of Jily, inst. at the Indian Queen
lotel, kept by Jesse lrown, in the City of Washington.
all the right, title, and interest, of the said Smith, in and
to lot No. 8, in square No. 490, in the said city, with the
buildings and improvements thereon. Sale to take
police at 4 o'clock, 1'. M. Terms made known at time
of sale.
RIlCHARD WALLACK, Trustee.
july9-6t P. MAURO, Auctioneer.
$rC"' The above sale is again postponed, but
will positively take place on Saturday, the 18th,
instant, at the above mentioned hour and place.
sept 7-cots P. MAURO, Auct.

LAFAYETTE CORDIAL.
JOSEPH A iNY, in honor of the Nation's Guest, hlas
mroinanufaci red a large supply of new and.very supe-
ror COltIAL, which he has deemed worthy of the
n name of LAAT.ET'rE. It can be had, by wholesale or re-
tail, at his Store on Bridge Street, Georgetown, or at
his es"ablshment on F street, Washing'on City.
I s't 18--2.w6t
CROCKERY & GLASS WARE,
.it .duction.
* 'lIS AFTERNOON at 4 o'clock, in front of the Auc-
i t ion Store, will be sold, a considerable quantity
sCRIOCKERY and GLASS WARE, the ramainrs of stock,,
viz :
I Dinner Set India China
y China Dislies, Plates, &c.
'-Tea Sels,' Mugs, Bowls, Pitchers
t Pepper Boxeq, Tea Pots, &c.
Cut Gtass Decanters, covered Dishes
Salts, Wines, Waiters, Bread Baskets, &e.
li/so,
S 1-'U itNITUIE, as usual.
10 barrels Herring
Do Sugar
SCigars.
And, to close sale-
Kegs of Pigtail and Cavendish Tobacco
liappee, Mackaboy, and Scotch Snuff.
1 handsome Carriage and Harness
1 Carryall and do
MOSES POO ,
sent 18- Auctioneer.
FOR RENT,
A lind possession given immediately,
'-. 'u THATI' valuable House at the corner of 7th
-- street and Louisiana Avenue, over tie Stores
n iMt'Nsro and Parker, lately occupied by Mrs. Tucker,
as a Borardinog lhtuse. The premises have recently un-
dergone some important alterations. For 'terms apply
to G. C. GIAMMER, Agent,
sept 18-3awif On 8th street, near the G. P. Office.

TWENTY DOLLARS REWARD.
RAN AWAY from thie subs iber. living near Upper
Marlborough, in I'rince Georce's County, Md. on
the 22d June, ultimo, a Negro Man who call himself
NKU LtBROWN. Ned i about 24 or 5 years of age, but
has a younger appearance; 5 feet 6 or 7 inches high,
proportionably made; of a dark brown complexion, has
a scar upin one of his cheeks not recollected which,
and a small one on his forehead; he had oa when he


went away an old blue cloth coat with metal buttons,
his other clothing of country cloth. Ned is fund ot'
whiskey and uses tobacco immoderately, is artful and
can invent a plausible tale, but will hem and stammer if
questioned closely. I will give ten dollars if caught
within the county or the District of Columbia, and the
above reward if taken elsewhere and secuured in jAil so
that I get him again, or all reasonable charges paid if
brought home.
july 15-eotf JOHN CAITEIi.
















or
EAST FLORIDA.

The Committee of the Agricultural Society ef
East Florida, to whom was assigned the duty of
reporting upon the Agricultural capabilities and
pruspepts of the Territory, beg leave to submit the
followingsummary, which contains all the inform-
ation they are enabled to collect 1..r the present
upon the subjects referred to them.
In taking a view of the agricultural capacities
and prospects of the country, its climate, and the
character of its different soils, will first claim at-
.tention.
East Florida, to which this report has exclusive
reference, is properly divisible into two climates,
tropical and temperate ; the demarcation being
pretty accurately defined by the parallel of lati-
tude 290, the southern division or peninsula be-
ing seldom pervaded by the cold N. W. winds,
(socomiion to the southern states) from the in-
fluence and warmth of the surrounding gulf. In
this region frost is of rare occurrence, and then
in a slight degree, and with this exception the
climate is similar to that of the West Indies.- In
that part of Florida lying north of the demarca-
tion referred to, frost occurs annually in January
stand February, but seldom continues more than
three days with intermissions of a week or a fort-
night; it sometimes occurs earlier and later, but
the instances are rare. The climate is generally
characterized by a great equability of tempera-
ture-maximum of summer heat 92 in the shade,
and the greatest change 8 in 24 hours. A cor-
rect idea might be formed of the prevailing mild-
ness of the climate, from the fact, that, while
orange-trees of 20 years standing were killed in
New Orleans, Pensacola, and Georgia, in the se-
vere frost of February, 1823, the groves of St.
Augustine,and on St. Johns,only lost their leaves,
S and produced fruit the same year.
With respect to our diseases, the remitting fe-
ver may be considered as the principal cause of
mortality in the N. E. section of Florida. The
month of May is generally dry and pleasant, with
cool and refreshing sea breezes, occasionally in-
terrupted, however, by S. W. and N. W. winds.
In June the rainy season is expected to com-
mence, and to continue until July, during which
time the S. W. wind, which may be considered the
most insalubrious wind that blows in this section of the
country, prevails for 16 hours out of24. A long contin-
uance of this wind causes almost every thing which
comes within its influence to become mouldy, which is a
strong evidence of its noxious quality. In July, the sun
Shaving more power by reason of fewer clouds and less
rain than in the preceding month, it necessarily follows
that the process of evaporation is expedited, which, if
the wind continue from that quarter, cannot but prove
highly prejudicial to health. This occurs, however,
only ili extraordinary seasons, and even when these do
Soccer, seldom prove fatal except to those who are much
Seposed to the merilian sun, and those who indulge to
excess in animal food and ardent spirits. We conclude
therefore, that in ordinary seasons,wheh the sea breezes
prevail, we have little to fear from fevers, if prudence
and precaution are observed. With regard to winter
diseases they are mild, and seldom prove fatal, unless
the constitution be worn down by old age or intemper-
aice.
Before entering upon the interesting subject of tlhe
soils of the territory, we would observe that a mistake
has hitherto prevailed respecting the geological cha-
racter of Florida, it having been considered by Cleve-
land and others is consisting of alluvial deposit, while
by the i-rcent investigations of Mr. Pearce, whose con-
tiibutions to geological science are sufficient, evidences
of hi compete r.cy to lec;J,.- upon the subject, it ap-
pears that the gene, a. bi,,i of thl country is of seconda-
ry hmestone; a farr of mni.:li importance, both as re-
garrds aericult.ire .i .'ier sources fr" prosperity, for,'in
Sa region of this formation, not only may a productive sur-
face be expected, but beds of minerals and metals may
also be supposed to exist; of these, indeed, there are suf-
Sficient indications of the numerous mineral springs, sul-
SAphur, and chalybeate, which are found in different parts
of thi- country.
East Florida, if considered as bounded on the west by
the river Apalachicola, comprises an area of about thirty
millions of acresof land and water, and deducting there-
from one third for water, leaves twenty millions of acres
S"of lands, of various descriptions. The largest class of
"these consists of pine lands of various descriptions; the
next division, of high and low hammock ; the third of
swamps; and the fourth of savannas and fresh marshes
along the margins of the rivers.
S ,Of the pine land, the soil is composed chiefly of sili-
clous sand, with some admixture of vegetable mould,
resting either on marl or clay., Those of the best qua-
lity are characterized by the occurrence of red oak and
hickory, intermixed with the prevailing growth of pine,
and with an excellent pasturage of natural grasses below.
SThe next description, w ich prevails to a great extent
is characterized by a growth of the long and short leaved
pine, with an undergrowth of the grasses, whortleber-
ries, gall-berries, and other shrubbery; and, near the
sea, by the saw palmetto.
Another description of these lands has the surface
thinly clad with pine scrub oak and grass, with occasion-
al patches of sand exposed. There are also some dis-
tricts called scrubs, very poor, covered with a growth of
dwarf oak, myrtle, prickly pear, &c.
The first and second qualities of pine land have been
found to be very productive, bringing in even the sugar
.,ine and affording good pasturage all the year round,
sue tops of the grass only being killed by tl,e frost. Itis
believed that, by the suppression of lie practice of burn-
ing, which has hitherto been so prevalent in aid of hunt-
ing and grazing, both the timber and soil throughout the
territory would be improved.
High hammock lands are those whose comparative ele-
vation prevents the accumulation of water. Of this deno-
mination we have the white, grey, yellow, and brown
hammock. All of these produce the live oak, bay, and
laurel, intermixed with the hickory,- mulberry, and bit-
ter sweet orange. The brown colored soil has been es-
teemed thle most rich and lasting, and the white the least
so; but generally the high hamnmocks are of a warm and
productive quality, being enriched by vegetable and
calcareous matter and clay combined with sand. These
lands are the most inviting to the farmer, as the cultiva-
tion of them, at the outset, is attended with less expenrs,
and affords more immediate returns, than the heavier
timbered and moister soils. They exist in large bodies
about Tallahasse, Su .vaney, Alachua, and Amasura, and
Sin smaller bodies in the vicinity of the water courses ge-
nerally.
Low hammock is more accessible to water, and is cha-
Sracterized by a growth of almost every description of
the oak, together with the cedar, ash, sour orange, andl
palmetto. The soil is more heavily charged than the
high hammock, with vegetable matter, marl, and clay,
and, in most places, is bottomed by one or the other of
these strata. This soil is moist, but not sobbed, and
does not require to be hardened by draining, like swamp
Island; but, in many instances, slight draining would be
required. This class ofhammock is more productive and
durable than high hammock, and is peculiarly congenial
to the sugar cane. It occurs generally in the neighbor-.
iood of swamps and watercourses.
Swamp lands, properly so called, under the several
distinctions of tide, river, and inland swamps, form the
least extended class of our -oils. The soil is generally
saturated with water, and boggy, and consists of animal
and vegetable excrement, .ntermixed with clay, or cal-
Scareous matter, sometimes resting upon sand, and that
again upon marl. These lands require to be drained to


the bottom. They occur at the sources and along the
borders of our rivers anid creeks, and not unfrequently
adjacent to the low hammock.
The savannas or prairies are uniformly flat, bearing
but few trees, with a dense growth of long leaved grass.
'Lyin a little below the general level, in rainy seasons
Among the plants common to both, are the man-
grove, banana, and hicaco plum.


I they are subject to be covered with water to tihe deith
of a few inches. The soils of the great Al[:.hua s;v'itnnta
and those of Okliwaha and Dunn's Like, are comlpos-d
of sand and vegetable mould, and bottomed onl clay, :anm
at Matanzas, on marl. We have no) notes of the soils of
the- otthr savannas, which abound i'i all thle valley, of the
r territory but from their similarity of situation, swe inler
a resemblance in other respects with tie savannas enu-
merated. They are fertile, and many of them suscep i
ble of being drained by the mere removal of the vegeta-
ble obstructions which back the water upon them, while
others, lying in the neighborhood of w.telr courses,
could be easily drained into th, later.
Amongst the productions of thie territory, the black
seed or sea island cotton holds tlie first rank. lFor this
culture 11 I. ,il, 1.......'L k anl the pine lands hti1 e
been-u ]i -I. 1 I I. is fine, and im value, it ri-
vals the best Georgia sea island. Upwards of' 2001 lbs.
have been produced to the acr, bunt, itih thie usu.d ca-
sualties, the amtverage is 130 lbs. The caisMI ties attend-
ing this culture, are 11he caterpillar, red hug, and oc.a-
sional extremes in dromuit r g'akls, The caterpillar'
las but rarely appeared, andl the injury from then hai
be-en p:'iriial. The red b ,imi is almost t,'oit)lesome in ltie
Peninsula and is dcstroled by hiln picking. By thie
practice of rattooninga portion of the crop, the Florida
Planter is enabled to effect a considerable saving off
labor.
Rice, since the time of the British colonial government,
has not been cultivated, excepting in small fields, onv
the margin of swamps and savannas.
The cultivation of Indigo has also been suspended, al-
though the Florida Indigo has borne a higher character
in the European market than that of the other ltritishi
Colonies.
Amongst the timber trees of Floridh.may be mention
ed the Live Oak, Cedar, Cypress, Yellow, Pitch, and
Loblolly Pine, Hickory, Ash, Elm, Red, White, and
Loblolly Bay, Red, White, Spatnish, and Black Oak,
Mulberry, Cherry, Persimoni, Wahoo, Tupelo, Sweet
and Black Cum, Magn lia, Iron wood, Palmetto and
Juniper. The four first of which are in hlighi estimation,
and much used for naval purposes, and the Palmetto is
preferred, for thie construction of wharves, it being proof
against the attack of tie worm. Its growth is an indi-
cation of good land, as it always grows uinl inar.
The sweet orange tree rises 36 feet and spreads 30.
Its highest produce is 6000 oranges, this quantity having
been gathered from one tree on the St. John's : its loni-
gevity is traced to 116 years. In Florida, the obscurity
of our annals prevents its duration being further traced :
in France, there are trees ascertained to be of five cen-
turies standing. This tree begins to bear in seven years
from the seed, and every successive year its produce is
creasedsd until the period of 18 years, when it may be
s "I to attain its full maturity. There are no complete
orange groves in the territory, but many are establish-
ing on a large scale. The apportionment of 100 trees
to the acre is considered as the best rule to be follow-
ed in setting out a grove.
The lemon, lime, bergamot citron,and shaddock trees,
are more sensible oficold than the orange, and in the
northern situations require more attention to aspect
than in the peninsula.
The bitter sweet orange tree is indigenous, and
abounds in many parts of the territory. This fruitis not
surpassed, if equalled, by any of the orange tribe. It is
pleasant, wholesome, and nutritive, and hangs on the
tree in perfect preservation nearly a year after attaining
maturity.
The sour orange tree is also indigenous, and abund-
ant in the territory ; and being of a hardy nature, is fre-
quently raised near the sea coast as a protection for the
sweet orange groves against gales of wind. The.juice
has always been an article of export, anA the peel might
also be made an article of commerce in this country as in
Europe. ,r
The olive tree, like the orange, rises 36 feet and ram-
ifies to about the same extent. Its quantity of produce
we can only ascertain from the yield of trees in France
where it produces from 13 to 15 bushels. The olive
trees in the country are few in number and have been
neglected during the time of the Spanish government.
A few at Mosquito are surrounded by a rival growth of
other native trees, and maintain their position without
having degenerated. This tree bears fruit in 7 years
from the slip, and in growth an.!! longevity it resembles
the orange tree., Several persons are now devoting
their attention to its propagation in this country. In
Europe the: olive is ranked next to bread as an article
of necessity, and its value cannot be too highly appre
coated, where we have such extensive districts adapted
to its cultivation.
The Palma Christi or castor oil nut tree or shrub, rises'
to 12 feet. Manyfields of it are planted, but we carinot
arrive at a correct estimate of its produce until the end
of the year. It is generally rated at 25 bushels of seed
to the acre, and 2 gallons of oil to the bushiel
Sugar cane was cultivated by the British colonists,
but was neglected under the paralyzing policy of the
Spanish government. Since the transfer of the country to
the American government, tihe cultivation has been
re-assumed with the Otaheite and other seed, by various
planters from St. Mary's to Volusia, on the St. John's.
Their efforts have hitherto been confined to the propa-
gation of the seed, .and we must wait for the expiration
of the season to ascertain the practical result of the ex-
periments now going on. The quality of the juice, as
ascertained by its specific gravity, was at Pablo Creek,
on the 1st of November last, 1070, and, at Volusia, onm
the 20th of December, 1078, thermometer 600; a degree
of strength quite suthicient to warrant the belief that su-
gar will become one of our most important staples.
As our lands lie further south than those of the Missis-
sippi, and our climate is much drier than that of Louisi-
ana, the sugar of Florida is likely to surpass, in quality,
that of any other of the Southern States.
The vine flourishes well, and the bull grape or bulli-
sis, indicated by Bartram as more eligible for cultiva-
tion than any we could import, is indigenous to the
country.
The Bone, or Sessamunm Indicum, which affords
ani oil superior to that of the olive, grows with us
in great luxuriance, and also t;e.arrow root. To these-
add beeswax, deer skins, tar, and naval stores, turtle and
oil, which are already among our articles of export,
while silk, Spanish tobacco, ginger, spices, and a variety
of drugs', might be readily introduced, and added to the
list of our productions. .
Of the articles of domestic consumption the variety is
scarcely less extensive.
Indian corn may be said not to have succeeded so
well as in the more noe-hern climates; the planters of
this country have long been inthe use of a small-grained
flint corn with a large cob and spreading foliage : a
change of seed would undoubtedly produce an improve-
ment in the crops of this grain.
The sweet potato hats been cultivated in a variety of
soils, and its mean produce may be estimated at 250
bushels to the acre ; in size and flavor it is no way infe-
rior to those produced further north.
'I he conpte, a farinaceous root manalogous to the ar-
row root, yields a nutricious meal, in greater abundance
than the latter, and grows wild to the south of St. Augus-
tine. This, together with a species of native potatoes
and turnips, are much used-by the naegroes and Indians.
T'he banana has brought its fruit to perfection on the
plantation of Gen. Herhandez, at Matanzas, eighteen
miles to the south of Augustine, duri g tihe last year, iand
the pine apple has been raised- in- St. Augustine, witli
the assistance of walls, in thIe open atir. Some speci-
mens of the date palm are growing nn St. John's, and
near St. Augustine, and the whole of this extensive and
valuable family of trees would undoubtedly flourish in
Florida.
To these, may be added the orchard trees of the
United Scates, and the productions of the kitchen and
flower garden, all of which flourish here in a congenial
soil.
We cannot conclude this cursory view of the resources
of the country without noticing the advantages it pos-
sesses in point of pasturage. The raising of cattle and
horses was conducted with great success, both by the
Indians and white inhabitants, previously to the recent
troubles of the province. The cattle raised in the savan-


nas were so remarkably fine that Gen. Jackson, when in
the country, had a selected portion of them conveyed to
Tennessee, to improve the stock on his farm, in that
state. '
Fertility of soil is not, as we all know, the only source
of agricultural prosperity: manuring and good husband-
ry are also essential, and for the former we possess the
materials in the utmost abundance ; and much of the la-
bor of ordinary husbandry would be lightened, by the
loose and friable nature of our soils.
Our facilities for water transportation are not surpass-
ed in any part of the United States, and an intercommu-
nication by means of canals, may easily be effected
through every part of the co'r-try. A survey has been i


ordered by tihe general government, of the country be-
twaeen the Suita'!ey and St. Mary's, with the view of
opening a c:anal between the heads of these rivers,
throug'i the (lck.-f,-noke s.namip, the distance not being
more than eighteen or twenty miles. This would siort
en and l:.cilhlate the comiimulnicaiion hetwven the \Vest-
ern and Atlantic states, i.tl would not fail to produce
great collateral benefit to Florida. Were the course of
the canal directed from the Suwane), thlrouglh lacl:
creek, into the St. Johns, the expense of the work would
be much lessened, and the route between the A lantic
and the West not materially lengthened. The St. Johl's
r.inniinig parallel, nearly its whole course, with the Atlan-
tic, may, at different points, be connected by short ca-
nals llth tile ocean, while it might easily be made com-
onicate vitlhi the Gulf on thle West, by the streams
whiicl run in that direction and head near it.
This on-cessarily succinct view of the climate, soi and
prTii duceions of Fl.ridia, will serve to evince that.it is not
t'frii the Wtnt iofr natural resources and advantages that
it has 11"t advance : in prosperity as rapidly as the other
terr.tori s that have been added to tlie Uniit:. TIhe
causes ,hic have re tirded its population, and continue
to operate' against its prospeli'y, are to he soughlit
for first in the temporary diminution which lhas
taken place in the value of cotton, the staple inl
which itt hias hitherto been most productive; blit are
more directly traceable to the neglect and nial-adminiis-
tration of the general government, which, from tlie pe-
riod of t lie sesatoup to tlhe present moment, has so nlis-
nlanali:gell thle trfl'airs of tle territory, and treated with
such unilb'rmi neglect the representations of the inhabit-
ants, upon the subjii-ct of their various grievances, that,
if we couhil suppo -e a studied design, on tile part oft ourl
riders, to r l thlie interests and prospects of the country,
we cannot conceive of measures more effectual for the
purpose tlian those which have heretofore been so unac-
countably persevered in. The province having suffered
previous to the cession, from the desolating effects to a
civil'war, and'the mass of the inhabitants being foreign-
ers, who had, therefore, the strongest claim possible up-
on the liberality of the government, were circumstances
whicih,.it might have been supposed, would have induc-
ed the administration to adopt a generous and fostering
policy towards the newly.acquired territory. Butnt, for
thle space of nearly four years, thie incubus of a land
commission lhas continued to oppress and paralyze it.
energies, while neglect and delay have prevailed in ev-
ery department of its administration, dependent on the
general government.
A country so valuable, and forming so vulnerable a
frontier of the Union, should, however, attract thile at.
tention of a wise administration, and demands a po-
licy very different from that which has hitherto been
pursued towards it. Were it once fairly thrown open
to emigration, it would indeed require no further care
or assistance from the General Government; but this
great desideratum appears yet far off, while the iin-
habitants are daily more discouraged by the prospect
before them. Even, however, under all these dis-
advantages, settlers are beginning to spread over those
parts of the country which are unembarrassed by
conflicting grants or the public claims; and, in spite of
the niggardly course pursued bythe general Government,
in struggling for a few paltry acres, at the expense of
the higher interests of the province, and the inhabitants,
the dawn of better times may be discerned in the exer-
tions making at the. new capital, and 'the gradual
accession of settlers in the interior; where the hand of
the government does not interpose to suspend im-
provement, and where a fertile and happy climate,
surpassing the anticipations of the emigrant, ensure
success to his industry and enterprise.
W. H. SIMMONS,
G. J. F. CLARKE.
June 24, 1824. P. MiTCHEL.

HARRISBURG, SEPTi. 11.-We are indebted to
the politeness of a friend, for being able to publish
the following information, received froin a gen-
tleman of respectability residing at Big Flat, in
the State of New York. The letter from which
we take our extracts, is dated September 1, 1824.
Last week, as one of the Tuscarora tribe of Indians,
by the name of Douglass, who had been in Bath jail, for
passing counterfeit money, and been bailed out, was
passing a Mr. Ives, to whom he had passed the money,
a fight ensued between them, when Douglass drew a
dirk and stabbed Ives three tunes, so that lie died in
about ten minuttes. Douglass fled to the woods, and
immediate pursuit as made by the Sheriff and his pos-
se. During the pursuit a cave was discovered, which
contained two boxes, a bed, chairs-a trunk was also
afterwards found, which contained silks, seven watches,
and 352 dollars counterfeit money. The Sheriff, after
this, proceeded to search the blouse of a man by the
name of Mayberry, where he found fifty-one watches hid
under a floor--a bloody shirt was found up stairs, con-
cealed among some dried pumpkins-two cravats were
also found, concealed in an under-bed, one of which was
cut in two or three places, but in such a manner, that
when the cravat was folded up, it made but one cut. A
silver watch was also found, marked with the same let-
ters as the shirt aund cravats The day after this, the
search being still continued, $1000 of good money was
found concealed behind Mayberry's chimney, and sub-
sequently another chest was discovered, containing val-
iable silks and other goods, to the amount as is suppos-
ed of six hundred dollars.
The following persons have been committed to jail:
Mayberry's family, William B. Jones, Griff Jones, James
Jones, a man by the name of Wallace, another by the
name of Hathlway, one by the name of Cole, and another
by the name of Helmer Cole. Douglas had not been
caught when the letter was written.

FOR RENT,
.;-.7- TTHE upper part of the House over Allens'
L-2JL Lottery and Exchange Office. This House,
f oim s central situation and convenient construction, is
desirable to any one that wants to rent. To a good tel-
it it will be made low, and put in good rep.dir. For
terms inquire of S. P. FRANKLIN, on Pennsylvania
Avenue, opposite the premises,
sept 17-
A FARM FOR SALE.
B Y virtue of an order from Charles County Court,
thle commissioners will oiler at public sale, at Bry-
astown, Mdl. iont Afonday, the 4ith day of October next, if
fair, if not, the next fair (lay, to thie highest bidder, two
tracts or parcels of land, late the residence of Doctor
Jameson, deceased. The one adjoining the village of
.uryantown, containing 225 acres; 25 in wood, and the
oilier, (part Turner's addition) can training about 175
acres. The improvements are, an excellent brick
dwelling house, with six good rooms, a shop adjoining,
granary, corn-house, stables, carriage-house, an excel
lent new barn, and an overseer's house on that part ad-
joining B Town. There is a small tenement on Tur-
iner's addition. This tract orc parcel of land is rendered
peculiarly valuable on account of its being pr incipally
in wood, good rail and other timber.
The situation is admirably calculated for a Physician,
being in a thickly settled neighborhood, and nearly
equidistant from Port Tobacco, Benedict, Charlotte
Hall, and New-Port. The soil is of a good quality, and
has always produced good crops of corn, wheat, and
tobacco; and with a little attention to improvement
might be made one of the most valuable little farms in
the neighborhood. With very little expense, from 30
to 50 acres might be prepared for timothy, which arti-
cle will always command at good price on the spot.
There is a constant stream of water through the place.
It is expected that those who wish to purchase, will
view the premises before the day of sale.
The terms of sale are, a credit of 1, 2, and 3 years;
the purchaser or purchasers giving bond with approved
security, bearing interest from the day of sale. Posses-
sion to be given on the 1st January, 1825.
Upon the terms being complied with, in every re-
spect, and the purchase money, principal and interest,
being paid, a conveyance of the property will be made.
by the commissioners. Sale to commence at 1 P. M.,
precisely. JAMES GARDNElR,
RICHARD B. GAltDNElI,


NICHOLAS MILES,
EDWARD EI)iLIN, and
WILLIAM PENN,
sept 16-3awtd Commissioners.
FOR RENT,
AF. THAT commodious Dwelling, situated at
S. the east end of Coxr's Row, on First Street,
new in the occupancy of Miss Wright. Possession can
be given on the 24th inst. Apply tO
CLEMENT COX, Agent.
Georgetown, Sept. 17-eo3t


CELEBRATION AT YORKTOWN.

FROll THE EN:;QUIRIER.
We understand that at least seventeen com-
panies of volunteers have already engaged to be
present on the 19th of October. Of these, Nor-
folk will furnish two companies; Petersburg three;
Fredericksburg and FaIlmnth three ; Suffolk one;
Hampton one; Portsmouth probably one ; Wil-
liamisburg oone; and a company from the Eastern
Shore of Virginia. Among these, five are troops
of horse, and three or four companies of artillery.
Somie assurances have also been given that other
companies will turn out upon this interesting oc-
casion. Several troops of cavalry, in addition to
lhese, are, expected, vi'.- .. :e from York county,
and ione froin New Kent aiid Charles city ; one
from the south side of James river, from Surry,
Isle of WVight, Southampton, &c.
From 1500 to 2000 vulunteeirtroops, complete-
ly armed and uniformed, will form i-n militaryar-
ray at York, on the 19th of October. Th'set
numbers will doubtless be swelled by the ga-
thering" of the companies, of whose movements
we ha'e yet received no accounts. W e observe
for instance, that the Brethren Volunteers of
Lynchburg have been called together, to ascertain
their dispositions towards the approaching festival
We also understand that measures are adopt-
ing to call to the command of these troops a dis
tinguished Major General on the seaboard, andto
enlist all his intelligence and taste in maturing
the other arrangements of this civic campaign
With him, it is probable two brigadiers, with
their suites, will be associated. A complete mi-
litary organization of the troops will of course be
effected-and they will be expected to be en
camped a few days previous to the 19th. Th'
various companies are proceeding with great zea
and discretion to prepare themselves fur the oc-
casion. At least two companies from this city
will carry with them their tents or marquees, ant
enca mp in regular form. 'They will engage coin
missaries of their own, and fur their supplies thej
will not look for any assistance at York. The
two other companies are adopting very judicious
measures for their own accommodation.
For the pui-pose of adopting some system, so
essential on such an occasion, a delegation coin
posed of one officer from each company, will as-
semble at York Town on Monday the 20th .-st
who will act in co-operation with the committee
of the citizens of York.
It has been suggested that invitations for the
festival will be dispatched to Messrs. Jefferson
and Madison; to Mr. Monroeand the Heads ofDe
partmients; to the officers of the army and navy
at Fortress Monroe, Norfolk, and Gosport, with
their respective commands ; to the Chief Justice
of the United States ; the Governor and Council
of Virginia, and the General Military Staff of thn
State ; the venerable members of the Society o
Cincinnati, and to all the remaining Revolution
tionary soldiers, whoare within striking distance
If accommodations can be procured, (and for thiE
purpose every effort will be made) the Volunteer,
from Baltimore, Ale-andria, Washington-, ani
Georgetown, will probably also be invited. Somi
general statement from this deputation may bi
expected to be addressed to the public in tin
course of the next week. To facilitate the dum
accomplishment of their labors, it is understood
that one or more well-qualified mechanics will bi
taken with them to York Town*--and we trus
that no exertihns will be spared to make the Ce
lebration every thing that it ought to be. Many
other minute arrangements are making, which wi
do not think it necessary to group into this gene
ral sketch.
It is hoped that every corps will forthwith au
thorize separate provisions to be made for them
selves; reserving to the general committee the
office of procuring accommodations for the invit
ed guests alone.
The question is, (and it may as well bi
made at once,) how is the expense of the invit
ed guests to be defrayed ? It is impossible tha
the town of York can bear it alone. She will dc
her duty-but the extracts of the letter which wv
lay before our readers, will show that her popu
lation is too small to embrace all the arrange
ments. The volunteers will have to incur a hea
vy expenditure in making their own equipment!
and furnishing themselves. It has been asket
whether it should not for the honor of. the static
become at once a state affair-and whether
conditional appropriation of a fund by the Exe-
cutive would not be justified by the impressive
singularity of the occasion ?
Extract of a letter from York.
"As soon as it was known that the invitation from thu
Governor was accepted by Gen. Lafityette, the people
here, and their committee, considered him the Guest o
the State, and concluding that proper arrangement
would be made by the Executive, in conjunction wit]
the military of the State, consider their functions at at
end; and no steps have been taken since towardsacaom
modating the General. Much is to be done, aind shor
the period ; tents or temporary accommodations must b,
erected. Were every room in every house of this vil
large vacated by their tenants, they could not shelter
twentieth part of the people who will probably be here

The character of the State is at stake. The Executiv-
surely will not hesitate. The Legislature will certain
ly, I think, sanction the expenditure on this occasion."
*It is impossible, on this head, to pretermit tlhe genet
ous offers of the Mechanics of Petersburg-a town whicl
was the first to start the idea of this Celebration ; a tow
which, w'vhen public spirit is to be called forth, hIas never
yet been found wanting:
"JUBILEE AT YORK TOWN.
"At a meeting of the principal Mechanics of the tow:
of Petersburg, it was unanimously resolved, That the
most respectfully offer their services to the several conl
mittees of Richmond, Norfolk, &c. as Laborers, Engi
neers, &c. to construct temporary buildings, arbours
stands, and other conveniences necessary for the accom
modation of 10,000 men, on the plains of Little l'ork, t.
be perfectly secure from the pressure of the crowd, ans
suflicienitly elevated that all may be gratified and coin
portable, without distinction, save the visitors f-rom other
states, for whose accommodation, care will be taken ts
appropriate the most convement site, with comlbrtabli
roofs, of such extent as to avoid the crowd by day, amt
quarter them at night.
"As Virginians, we feel anxious to throw our mite inta
the page of history, which shliall record the progress o
La'ayette through the Old Dominion, and, as Virginians
we should have the pleasure at least to afford mechanic
cal specimen of southern taste.
"This committee wish no other aid than the necessa
ry credit fotr timber, boards, and other materials neces
sary to complete thie work, in a style cred.itable to them t
selves and the state. We estimate the expense at about
Sl0,000--Such timber, boards, &c. as cannot be had ir


the town of Little York, grat:i, inmay be used, to be after
wards advertised and sold, to pay thle expense of the
undertakers -and should it be insufficient, the comn.it.
tees in the several towns will make it good agreeable to
contract.
"Letters, addressed to the Pi'etrsburb- .lechamca,
Commit ee, will be attended to with pleasure.
iHE CHAIRMAN."

PRINTING
Of every description, executed at this Office.


UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.

rFIIlE MEDICAL LECTUR';S will begin, as usual, on
-S the first Monday of November next.
I'lIILIP S. 'HYS.CK. M. I). on ,iatomy.
31(OhN IREDMAN (COXE, M.D. on .llateria &.1edica.
NATHANIEL CHAPMAN, M. 1) on Theory and
Practice of .Jledicine.
THUMA'i C. JAMES, M. D. on idwifery.
ROBhIEiL' IIARE, M. D on Chemistry.
WILLIAM (CIB ON, M. 1). on Suriery. u
WIL.I 1&M I. HOHNEl. M. I) ./Jdiunct professorr rsf
.initatiittm, an d Deau ofthe medicall lFaculty.
CLINICAL LECTURtES xill be delivered during the
r Session at the Alms-House Infirmary, where the amplest
accommodations and most couivenient arrangements have
been ima.le ifor the purpose, on the Practice of Physic,
by Dr. Chapman, and on Surgery by Dr. Gibson.
au,'2 ii-2vawlINov Nt
NEGROES.
W ANTED about fqrty, n families, for private use,
an d not tor speculation, fotr which casil will be
paid, Foi information, reference is made to Ir. Tenc
inggold, Marshal of the District. It would be very
desirable to get a good blacksmith.
S uing 14-cptf
A CARD.
IT is my intention to commence a Course of Law Lee
JL ures in this place on the first Monday in November
next. I. is contemplated to deliver two Lectures eacli
rI week, anid on every lecture clay to institute a strict exa-
mination oa the subjects of the preceding lecture. The
course, it is presumed, will occupy the whole year ; as
the doctrines of the Common Law, and of Equity, toge-
ther with the subject of Constitutional Law, will all be
examinl l in as much detail as that length of time will
permit. Should the young gentlemen of the class de-
sire it, every facility in my power will be afforded to aid
them in the conduct of a society for the discussion of
questions of law, and the acquisition of a knowledge of
pleading.
The distance of a large portion of the State from the
valuable Schools already existing in Virginia, alone en-
e courage me to hope that such an establishment here
1 may prove useful. Notwithstanding this ar-gument iii
its favor, yet, when I consider my slender c)tlms upon
the public confidence, I find so little reason to be san-
Sgaine as to my success in forming a School, that I must
I- respectfully request those who desire to become mer.-
bers of my class to have the goodness to notify their
Intention at as early a day as practicable. I shall then
Ye lhve it in my power to give them timely notice, should
the prospect of success nut justify my commencing a
s Course of Lectures.
II. ST. G. TUCKER.
Winchester, Aug. 17, 1824.
0 Ticket of admission 75 dollars. Boarding may
be had at the best houses at from B120 to $150.
aug 20-3taw6wNI
e A SUPERB ESTATE FOR SALE.
D MESTIC occurrences deserving respect induce
me to sell the beautiful and highly valuable estate
e on which I now reside, known by the ni-me of Snow Hill,
lying in the upper part of Prince William county, Virgi-
nia, near the line of Loudoun county, three miles from
the Bull Run Mountains, 30 miles from Alexandria,
Washington, and Georgetown, over a good turnpike
road; containing 879 acres of fine land, adapted to the
e culture of wheat, corn, and bright tobacco; of that de-
scription of soil remarked for a spontaneous growth of
e poplar and locust; of its fertility, the crop of small grain
f now just secured on it, estimated at 2400 bushels, not-
withstanding the effects of fly, will best speak; a most
promising crop of' corn, now nearly made, of from 5 to
S600 barrels, and 8 acres in tobacco, with every descrip-
s tion of small crops, promising great abundance: all ot
S which persons inclined to purchase are imiv ed to view.
d It is divided into four fields of from 100 to 120 acres, each
e one well set in clover, and 100 acres in a permanent pas
ture, chiefly low grounds, all well calculated for grazing,
e and 200 acres in wood and timber. From the part allot-
e ted for wheat the ensuing year, 2500 to 3000 bushels may
e be confidently expected, beside other grain. A single
1 rotation of crops, with a judicious use of plaster and clo-
e ver, would, no doubt, double the present product.
S The improvements consist of a two story dwelling
House, with fourrooms, and a spacious passage on each
- floor, with two Grecian porches, finished in a very supe-
Snrior style; a stone kitchen and laundry, and all other out
e houses required on such an estate, including an ice house
that keeps well, and a spring dairy, supplied by a never-
failing spring of the finest water, which also furnishes a.
fish-pond, very conveniently situated for furnishing ice,
- &c.; a garden filled with every variety of vegetables and
- shrubbery, and an orchard of choice fruits, of both late
e and early. For health, beauty of situation, and agreea-
- ble society, it cannot be surpassed, and is unquestionably
the most desirable residence in this or the adjacent parts
of the adjoining counties.
e A small portion only of the purchase money will be
- required in hand, or on delivery, which may be at any
t time, the balance in one, two, and three years, in such
o portions as may be agreed on. Even to a person not
;wishing it as an immediate residence, it would be a va-
e liable purchase, as it would be rented to bring a better
- interest on the purchase money than any of the banks
- are now giving. Property in the District, or on the Po-
. tomac, would be taken in part.


aug 17-NI6wv


WILLIAM HEBB,
Near lHaymarket, Va.


50 DOLLARS REWARD
WTILL be given for apprehending Negro ALBER I,
who ran away from the employment of Mr. Sam-
uel Dunn, of Georgetown, on the 24th of August. He
is by trade a cooper, about 20 years of age, and is a re
markably handsome, bright mulatto; is about 5 feet 7
or 8 inches high, his face is very round, and his hair
bushy, and usually combed up, It is probable hie has
either made his escape in a vessel, or procured a pas.,
and will make to the eastward. The above reward will
be paid :or securing him in jail, so that I get him, and
all reasonable expenses if brought to my house, near
Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland.
sept. 8-3aw2w&wtf GEO. C. WASHINGTON.
MILITARY BOUNTY LANDS.
P ROPRIETORS of those Lands are informed that
the laws of taxation are rigidly enforced, and un-
less the taxes are regularly paid, the lands are liable to
be sold. Those who wish to employ an Agent, are re-
spectfully referred to the annexed recommendation.
A general sale of Illinois Bounty Lands was made, for
taxes, in December, 1823, and if not redeemed within
one year from that time, they will be forfeited; a great
discount will be made on account of the depreciated
currency in which the taxes are paid.
l..ands in X.Jissouri and Arkansas have not yet been
generally sold, but measures have been taken to sell,
during the present year, those lands upon lwhichi the
tax has not been paid, and by immediate attention they
can be secured to the owners.
The subscribers offer their services, as Lan.d .gents,
and have made the following arrangement: The busi-
ness in Illinois will be attended to by NATHANIEL
SANBUlIN, residing in Vandalia, State (iof Illinois; and
that in Missouri and Arlkansas by )AVID) E. CUYLER,
in St. Louis, Missouri; and they will be er.abled to trans-
act business rs prompt and upon as reasonable terms
as any other Agent.
All letters (postage paid) requesting information, and
directed according to the above arrangement, will be
promptly attended to, and answered, without charge.
NATHANIEL SANBURN,
DAVID E. CUYLER.
n}COtI'Elf DATIOx.
Being well acquainted with Nathaniel Sanburn and
David E. Cuyler, we have no hesitation in recommend-
ing them as faithful and attentive Land iAgents, and
worthy of trust and confidence.
E. C. IIERRY.
ABNER Field) ,
june 22-6m Treasurer of the State of Illinois.
LAND) FOR SALE.
1HE subscriber will dispose of, at private sale, that
part of B1elle-Vue on which lie resides, containing
about 400 acres of land. It is in the District of Colum-
bin, about three miles f.om the City of Washington, and
commands one of the most extensively beautiful pros-
pect- oni the P'otomac. The situation is high and
healthy, the water excellent, the soil good and well
adapted to the use of plaister and clover. There are
about fifty acres of low ground on the premises, which
will be put in timothy the ensuing fall. For terms,
which will be accommodating, apply to the subscriber.
THOMAS 0. ADDISON,
Belle-Vue, Msy 12--2awtF