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National intelligencer
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00046
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: March 9, 1824
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00046
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text

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0o. 8567.


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Vol. XXV.


PUBLISHED BY GALES Ed SEATON, \ (,ttflla, ti -----~, -- .-...-r' .- Mr. HUNTER, lately a Senator in Congresa LATEST FROM MEXICO.
I .1THBEE.TMsTc V WE-K GrTEm the Sate, of Rhode Island, has published
x.j, TWICE A WEXR IN t. RtE .CESS. \ ./ .. -. complete refutation of the calumny which irm- ParrLan1ntT,, MAUcH 4, 1824.-We have been favor.
Ptice, for a year--ix dol'tv s 'b m adva' e 7 .* UWA toeli to To Ml' RAWEOOR apt ti l ,i at gk-rtlemaii othis city, with the followiAng pass.
-.; 1or SiXr mo-nth-s. yr dollars- "men: In theeeportin y'r paper orthiNBB MONDAY, MARCH 8, 1824 ... age o al tter, which, he received this morning from a
r. Pvlthl n dae. Gmke:I.te1eotiyorper4'derstanding with regardt to celtaln appmu
?. I ting, of some remarks I had made in the Senate, in efr' estaig with regad to cetin appoit- very respectable American, ro-sident i Mexico. It comr-.
I ,-". enee to the bill foirthe tralsporttio nt'e t . rnents in Rhode [slauMl, &c. We should publish munioates imnpm.nt informi.tioi>.--,Vu. Gazvtte.
l EIGHTEEJNTH. C GR ESS. Publicvessesof the' x.Statesrtisatatedthlabservid .1r. Shriver's Mlap, 4-c.-This interesting and it, if t were only to shew how base the ,ne-ns' ,' Msx1o0, JAN. 7.-The English Commis-
I.i ^tl' the emhaisaaitsofth m tnufctiers ati helaJy, useful production, so highly creditable to its au- are which are sometimes employed to injure hon- si:ners, three in number, Harvey, Ward, and
Thle SENATE d3id not sit oI Sarday. Ie sata be very Ire, el n dat" thr, and calculated to elucidate a subject of orable men in the estimation o their fellw-citi- O'Grman,with a Coul General, and Consuls
-"le present moment, un ht in an Intioprewno~t .u,' } ''"' "
.-( sent, mandt6 perha saiee to d, n, w hir ..s.ch great and extended important has been zens: but we shall publish ir for a more import- ifor Vtra Cruz and Acapulco, are in thc city.
I I I- 4. Il -'I -lce t Ilini W ic
I" f HUSEO-F REPRESEN- tTIVES. Mn other time, they would not c.mmatad. My o r-. ".ly Pt to our hands or ainatin. ant purpose-to exhibit the character of M r. The sconl leaves here in a few days for Eng-
I ***,,'*sArURPAYI, imaca 6, 1 24.. 1 tion was, that the importation of .prie was imparripiult i its accuracy, though we cannot spak from HUNTER in its real light-honorable to himself, land, and takes wh him such a favorable ac-
Mr. RANKIN, frqm thl nimi Committee Public Lands, I the country, and ought tq be encouraged, thaiBhort- personal knowledge, we have no doubt ; as well to his friends and to his country, Tcount of tle situation ofaffairshore, that there is no
S ,rported a bilL grKuing a tract oflan to the Parishof t after the late war, the ip .irtauot ot o r ftm i.uproe(on account of the kloiwn ability and fidelity of doubt the iude.pei.denci will be acknowledged by
o, -int Coupee, in the State of Louisian certain con- one.n ofmorespeedly res*ig Mr. SanxcEr, as from the respect aodmo to his Letters WTre yesterday received in this city, ,a .... a ., .... .
e ll ad .i nd madethi f th, dao anphlets, ofthe manufacturers, with w auh our tbl, in soci.ty, and who have made th* subject of gates hld at the seat ofgovernent of Pennsyl- Bre deih d with Mexico ad the receptionthey
.Mond:.. .re covered, muh of the bankrnpty and aba a they ese canals a matter of lon and aSsiduus in-, vaa, to, nminate a Ticket to beevoted fot as bave.. wih. All the asked was the ofl i;ibtiionK
t..-. Tiou. o .r.RANKINi l or-in-.ee on Pb'c 'o c )usly decant upon, arose from *le wast of : ratin. The map is neatly executed, is not Electors of President and Vice President of the po..e fo r t ,h iha p, withen don The
1Und that in tile t^tese, ,nil gates rea7on Nl o h l at th seat of goi se nSftent (if P n s -S. '
.Jgnts was desch rg, fi'o~n th. i. .au nd ,a,,us >..,$. .. n : r s, '"- ed w ith-irrle, mn p atter, sai d4 t s,be U n ted ,totes. T he sense or th M eetl. on tihe Society .... .rcdl w.h o ., ,v m ad e ........
<^ & i-e' n 'f a-""- ". R -% "- "t. -* -- -.l .. *" ,- des agea eral delin ation.oftie whole country, om ainc;q ustim was annu i iced by a vote, %%early aoi'.uur-t&t66, n. ...A lna i t. .,, ,,l e
e nr -c rdn t nth part e ountr thwhh abta from Cmber dtoPttsburg, an rnlareed andt unaanmus,n o eru-nattng: mAm w ohos f dt ae theuae t urtr iat liMertx to aodte he,'e thInk
R' "/eso.'e.1, rhat he Lo'omhte on tn, Pot Of. pant'd r,y impresson is not, "that tha eibaa-s particular exhibit off that section of it which con- 'Presidency, Jo C. CALnro beinu tminnated most conlucive to their ftlfw.e an prosperity .
andgosI Roads be instacted to inquiie iteo the e ,e" ets of e ntificturers are particularly great on tains the site of the projected connecting mal (by 80 votes out of 135) tor thi Vice Prwsilntc. a.. ..
d"" o -. cwontrardy r Uo; ars No ee da-t a t ; BANK V COLUMBIA et leans, toa ntlemani
.' f ,sS .u.heo .r^' hrivingand proiperoua pat of the community, and, if fr, and eep CreeK, one~ofthe head waters BANK OF. COLUeBIA. this city, dated J.;n. f21, says, a OatlCotton and.
tucky,byv wa yofl. exan i',toNew ichnon Ohio. yvjdenec of the correctness of this opini on were of thie Youihtogeny, which (through the Mo- uar Crops hav. falln short and the po rt ia
!- Mr. OWEN, of Alabama, offered the following resos wanted, it might be derived from the highrate otfad negahela) is connected with the Ohio, at Pitts- UNIoN TAVEN 0,eorgeton0?, Cl. G ^rn with vessels that are without employ-'
1,fn ,ition, ,;, wih read and agreed to, vance on the cost, which stock, tn well established and burgh. Two profiles are added-onIl exhibit- Februar' 27, 18S. t Ct h g id p f" 1I
.. .; 11 fb r. I. ; 1; .. 1 l i g h 14 1 nI --"' r . -} r n e ] S o t n I e l I a t u e r l l 1


Resolved, at the Comimttee onWays and Means ell conducted manufacturing companies,has long co n- in the levels taken in Dee Ceek and shew- T a meeting of the Stockholders of the Banrk of Co ir.. o. e.. n ,, an e. .
Sbeinscdoinqire intothe expediency of making ded, and still ontil nues to command, a common- fro t snh lumbia thisd.y, pur.i anttoadjournment, t hmn 25,1 .1 20 centl Sugar is selltig from 61to0 63. EX-
an aspropriion to refLund George e isher a sum of ense standard not liable to much of fallacy among an ing the height o lanl wich sepa-ates Us water 9 tm, a Committee appo nted on that day, mn ale a Wchange on Newv York, from ... to 3 per cent. dis-
m aoney.imptoperly paid bv him to the Receiver of Pubr active, .agaciou. and com,. erc.l population. from those of the Potomac ; the ol.er exhibiting detailed verbal report of their proceeding, w h" w s count.'
1- lisoney at St. Stephen's,." Thesituatonof the respectable Reporters in the Sen- the outline of the country through wnich tha approved by the n.-i iin, .i.i then ;they presented "e
ateltil od0 ,- I- ti ua exhibi ut that oneig of it awhount conr occasionaly ies C. hAmh01 11 11 r u m o




;:.i Mr. C OK, of Illinois, moved that thie daily hour of ate. wie .it nt onl y accounts for occasional mis Cumberland Road now passes. Both have an following written Report and Resolution, which, o" m- ENGLISH BOCfKS,
'Rs-id htleelm~l lainr renny m presio in s nomt, re-tal ter'edlt, As pat t.l ?I I mos oondeciv to thu %. ns[tr~ ado teosprit




.. /meetin odldl, for the remainder of the session, be le- pprehensions, entitlesPthem.to great credit, for the imnortant bearing on the subject forwl ose illus- tion made and seconded, were ,nanimoisly'dopted, -viz: Just received, per sip Manchester, from Liverpool, and
!" ven o'c ck. The motion was laid'upon the table. teligent general view which they gaive of the debates the M That they applied to the President and Directors, c t the for8 svl .-by
'Mr. SACKS, of Tenn. offered the following resolu. thatoccur in it. But, for the reason before mentioned, tecnrratio a.r..p s ee prepare A tle is Bank of Columbia, for infbrmaion on all those points, laBM SM SLL,
tion, w aich was a reed to r your insertion of the present explanation in the next pa. added, giving certain Statistical detail of the which it was deemed important to-investigate; and that l- 1 -- f he rea to P.adelh}i
Ree [ved, That the Committee on the Post Office and per wil oblige Your obedient servant, towns, oanl the .National Road. they received in answer, that all the desired information.
Post oads be instructed toinquire into the expediency J. LLOYD. This Map is accom panned by an account of the should be furnished. The points of inquiry, to which c' d d o f 21 sas, -. C o .an
ofestiblishing a distributing'post office at the town of rrch srves and examinations which have been made the Comnmittee chifly directed their own attention, and b. i (l ,o lee 1 VOl Iandsome
' 1.I rom the Committee on Military Af-l aa ns p tn at oe re ts t we wr view te v the paticability of the d D tos bts due to .he Bank Th works o the t Hon Emund Burke, ne, e
e. fairs, reported a bill "to allow further time to complete: sav, particularly applicable to their position in relation proposed Canal. It introduces these by a gene- of the United States, and the Treasury Department, of t.oni,inl4 vola 8vp, eairIut
S_ the issuing, and locating of land warrants." The bill to himself to Vr. JACKOs, Mr. KI'-, of New York, ral topographical description of the country be- the General Government, .Te wrksorf.n Jtson, ni vos Iol, calf gIit
'eto Jnrot. Z I 14 -Cro s~l Lnav l r )SCtgt






y as read twice, and made the order of tho day for MOn- and some other gentlemen on the right of the chair, tween the Potomac and Ohio. It then states, 2d. A statementof the last year's expenses of the Bank. TVncbN Ger cr "d' T"t esse arlf wht .
lie w~xsx read an agreeds ll burg'Ocllg'






^ day next. whose remarks are consequently not heard at all, or very with minuteness, the courses, levels, and volume 3d. A list of the Stockholders, with the amount of .h "'rks os" m u .... "l it a new -diti..
S Mr.NEWTON, from the Committee on Commerce, indistinctly heard, by the Reporters.] ,nf .tprftpm t stock respectively orl f ;vned. 1.. "
reported a bill "to provide for sick and disabled sea- water O th approaching stl aos, With the 4th. An account of that poSsaion of the debt due to the -1i st si fro m 61 t o Q. e
f ;men." Read twice and made the order of the day for .. leght and width of the rdg that separates Bank. an. the wnaes of the debtors, on which interest Sis.ondis Historical View of tne Literature of th.e
oiday next. Thefollowingobservationsof Mr. P.P BARBOUR, of Vir thm, and compares several different ,racti- las not been.re.larl. paid. outh o. Europe, tro nslaed from the ora.imal, with
.. REVISJON OF THE TARIEF. ginia, on introlucing (some ,hy' ago) his motion to strike out cable modes ot uniting them. A letter from 5th. A list cf all debtors to the Bank, specifying the n.ote ,. b" om. s Ro .co _q: ,2ol
a'. The House then resolved itselfintoaCommittee ofthe the proposed duty on theimportation of WaiEAT, were omitted Gener'il HARPER, to Ai1' SHHRIVE is 1 iven e, amount of, andl the security for, each debt. Bent am on Moala s aiL ,lh.i, on, ms voka new ed.
^ W hole on the state of the Union ; M r. CON D ICT in the in their proper place, for want of room>. s t n h is obj ecti "ons i 6th. A specification of the banks, which owe balances, 'r t SP ec kes ot le c t e b "Jm es R. dg wan in 5
.. ... betio histlc~f 1b,0iust inqir inththnepedeny reatind an sillcotinestorskirada cmmn-csollectethsdAV prb[an toamesunmntfrmi2thjw20cens.Sin5







Chair. The Tariff Bill, beine the unfinished business Mr- BARBOUR said that having moved to amend e and o ln wi the bank notis on hand. 1
i of yesterday, was again taken up for consideration, the bil, by striking ut the d proposed duty-on I Wheat, e i pe t 7th A specificti of. the loans to Roads and Canals, ol
"' ; On motion of Mr TOD, the bill was amended by in- would submira very few remarks to the-committee' in backing its waters, (to a height of S5 teet,) and &c. "n item in the last Treasury statement. 10arr; Hist Fa eltA ountov vment, 1 ool rko ,
serting'anew line, laying a duty of .30 per cent. ad valo- snuport of his motion. The bill seemed to proceed upon then cutting down the ridge, so as to admit thet 8th. A particular account of the real property held by ellrs3ys A H rvols Aun scoveries and Tra,
- rem upon oll cloths and od cloth eapet On hi the principle ofa eompensaon oftequialents, by rord- to woit with the creek on the other side ; and pro. the Bat k t. .... t. a Mre's Hins A ical Account oDiscoveries ad Tr
4i motion, als, the bll 'as amended by strikiI) out the inf- to the respective interests of theontrs, their tel- S ino t het a out Of the tunnel through the Sich pat at tus lntormlchon, as it was conceived to be Mappar's byria t ount ol-i scv eries pnt ra I
line imposing a duty of "ten cents per pound on Prus- ti'e share of 1" ltive nl teti nrelin "t to d Si g Lue a unne rugn he rge practicable to furnish on a short notice, viz The state- e n A a o
'- san blu ,- n hIis motion, the bill wstthe oendea r c eat the depth of th, present channel at Deep Creek, ment of the expenses o the Bank, and a list of the Molt Brun's System GeograY, to be complete
. by raismg the proposedduty on en"currants aid gs" from tions would eatisfy the committee, that a dutyon import the comparative advantage of which plan he ar- Stockholders, wos promised to be laid before the meet, i as 8o 4i on thech ae aJ 'vlshed
.. three cents to four cents per pound.. nation, would be wholly inefficient to the attainment of ues with his accustomed ability" and clearness. ing this day, b tt it was saidon the part of the Board that n i t o v
S Mr. B' ECK then moved to amend the, follwng the en proposed that it would presentthe appearance The several sources from whence a su ly of wa- tenor could not be turshed without con. Berze Bow pe, with add-ons by J
clause; "On all manuiaeures, not herein specified, of :of'aidto th-.,V Aiy/,-nt;... r, ..a.r~..ii...i.. ,iih~c ; .......>. i c .\ *, ", sneraole labor and preparat on, and, consequently not Ch^ihlrenn ',
S cotton, silk, flax, or hemp, o r ofn w hich l itherBtof ttese ea ts erat bfi, pto; ot .arc tre st, e, f them summit level tay be drawn are care- wi out some delay as ths sgfestion was easo ble, Memoirs of the Life of the late Mr. -atharin Capp
-. ..rSillar c -- .^-.- --,- pr.- r,, aio 3s pr.w rb *h^ n^ p"'..i ty bee h asymtat x r t[l enumaerated and exaroiied-aidc thle certain- and it was moreover clear to the committee, that the 2' edition. .-
cew ,, I J're n," b, btrikl.g ,.ut ther.-lr ,rl the word three careores of foreign wheat heing im..orted into the iy ofsubh suppl" E) Aatisfact**rily dinmstate,<-i-LgttEohnlclerac6uldnotactadvisedlyon theiraffairs with- Buchanan on Mill Work .
t ,ied Sttos; if i e were incorrect i this, he wond ThI crossing o tte Allegany ridge being thus pro out beiag in possession tl awl neeidfnl information, te t e-e iEkm.te Nadtl ttphy, .
M". BrI'fK supported his motion by a fewenarks, askany member of the committee to correct his mistake, 'ided for, the subset uent course of the cai.al to .mmee h.. ve t ought .t1p'to recommend. a f".. ,'ts .it o Reformation' ia Ovols 8VOi
to s.. tUi te coald not, at present, hope to lo much b affodlnfifie t, n o t I;-r ... i tiler auJournment, to the ltth ot next month, wlicl will with 21 Portraits
in the raising, of silk-worms and manufacture of lk; and hV3 U irT.r;at. o oner. e^ u .. ct.. bu t an i s lare ldI.scus-ed-the two routes, by be two days before the day prescribed for' the annual Plavets whole works, in 6 vols 8vo
'- that thertfore, being an article very much anted in exsicou en,, r ea'n oto anmpotin.out athe Youghiogeny and by the Ceat rivers,are coin- election of Directors, and which, at the same time, is a Travels of Anacharsis, in 7 vols 8vo
: the country, and which we cannot produce, tis duty *ms be x tnou eilincipe ofnoalit cat eoomy ^h-> ared-the distances and descents tre statedand period sufficiently distant, to giye the Board ample time, The Forget Me Not," for 1824, being" a Christmass
ought notto be. levied upon it. could venture tousetat expression, which had incurred then extended estimates of the relative expense for complying with their promise, to furnish the other in- and New Years' pra ent, by Ackermann
| Messrs. CAMBRELENGLIVINGSTON, and EED, .so much denuncationJ that a co^edt w .. c.n :re one ,nto. CThe distance by the ,,rmerroute rmation desired on that day. The Counmittee also bg Nicholsln's Rudiments of Practical. Perspective, with
S of Massachusetts, also supported the proposed wnend- of esfil, sti a in'ntt h ,, suhr v a ..i fx 'mti i c h, eo ,n leave to state, as there opinion, that, for the restoration of 8 plates
i '. ar in Tennssee [The remark of Mr..... M D t r .. ....egr to. te ds, d ........ Boro'Srcos were boundo iin caatterIt Militar Aine averageou positioniene ofteRprerinw ege owt a iwt netgt h rciaiiyo h .Vc icmtne f h ets du to,,-, l,,r; die Bank T he worksns of hnia PtileHt. on Iymubd Burke ewstedi.











f inen, and Messrs. TOte PJ, *b t alwRIGHT, ShAN'DF.l atnd tcony wtho h te ,,pt t a duaopopla lts thi60 mplet-by te it r o382 e C le I ii t co.fidencb in tle Bak of Columbia, and for the Robinson's Mechanical Philosophy, by Brewster,,











l TRIMBLE opposed it. On the question being ken, whichh then cannotropenrte but with tne disaynta.... expense of the whole CanllEast Of CumiberlIld security of the interest ot its Stockholders, it may be ne. vols 8vo, 50 plates
|, the amendment was rejected, without dision. 1 the price of tnsportation, &c. cannot need that ai-1 exclusive of locks, s computed at about 6,000 cessary to make a partial, if not an entire change in the LAW BOOKS.,











-'" Mr. ,it'KIM then moved to amend the bill, by striking as against the same forei.n. article in the home dollars a mile-including locks, 8,600. The to-' government of the institution) and also a reductin of its Taunton's Reports, vols ,7th and 8th (Common Pleas)
.,` I .3 .he bil to bm- e, toe Mr. J.c x Mr. ii arvG.,of New York, ii al tpgahcl ecito o li onr ieGnra oenet











". out the followingnline : "on tallow,four centsperpod" maret wee s wold be e ro t .. tal expense of the Canal from the waters of the Po- expense. That any concentration of proxies .tt ec- Chitty's Reports, vol 2d (King's Ben.h)
At the request of Mr. BAYLIES, however, the motion vantag-.s and the foreign one..... o..,lt ko b.,. sub it ..." .! *. 6 u a i talons, in the hands of Bank Dnrectors and officers, or other Bligh's Reports, vol 1st (House of Lords)
was withdrawn, until further information on the sud ef t "rh tr y d on oehergentm on n terich oft. ls ... u. at pe ons (wltch it .s f-arled has heretofre.been the case) Moore's Reports, vol 5th ('.onimon Pleas)-
should be laid before the otuse. operate uhnle tti dua e rtl o 5,566,564. hs part of the work is closed will have the effect of undulycontrolling these eleclions Merival;'d Reports, 3 vols (Chancery, after Yesey, J-,)













Mr. FORSYTH moved to inert a new line in theil, where as in this case iet either is not imported at all, or by estimates of the comparative expense aof land and, that the practice ought to be discontinued. The Brown's Chancey Reports, new ed by Belt
S to levy a duty of "thirty per cent ad valorem, on ill- in quantities Utterly inconsiderable, it cannot afford any and water carriage, by which it is demonstrated Comnnttee therefore recommend, that all proxies here- Brown's Parliamenpary Cases, 8 vols
stones, and all articles used in the manufacture of il nra'ctical aid -hat the f-i,,r is- t; the la.,tter *- O0 t. 1 tohorc granted, should be revoked; and they earnestly Mnldock's chancery .Reports, 5 vola












stones." This amendment was advocated by Me.s -hGentlm.nsghm o :. ^ ^ h .i d ..... my te all Stockholders in this institution to attend in GifforcOl's English ,La'i yer, 1 vol
MERCER and MALLARY, and opposed by Me ,s. i;;- StrtB ,'.t.. .yoasins b esrou f e next part o tre Bok i levotcd to the person, if possible, or by special proxy, at the ensuing Pothier on ObligatiI by Evans, 2 vol













TOD and McKIM; and it was then rejected. ; itime to remindtheecoamm irt t P o e OUg R tier-" proposed Canal to unite the Ohio divere with Lake meeting, in order, that, upon a full development ofthe Roper on the Law of Husband and Wife
:" Mr. B YLIES then flyed to amend the billy that government relation to is agricultural interest b e To illustrate this, an engraved sketch is affairs of the Bank at th;t time, they may be capable of Montague on Composition with Creditors












. raising the proposed duty on"Epsom salts" from thee means of iItscorn-laws. Untilabout the year -64,GBritin -iven of the inter evening country. Letters from j udging colrrectly, in whom to confi de the trust and ma- Watkins' Principles of Conveyancing, with Prestoat
to four cents per pound Messrs. BAYLE and TqD ,,-s ism e- re a .--- ..n...i.ntr ofrn.A Mor.. T ..T al HITTLESEV Y o ment Ol thenr iteests. d tis reco mminertdation be Notes
;: spoke mn favor of; and Mr. REED against the amel~d t, ia tl ..... a. "I i^ S I by ~ t ... 1 fR r es 4 l1 'sttae tsit i^ ^,^^^ um, eva-o ,e,,, Starkie's Criminal Law, 2 vols ,,
I.. on ell( tgp'rltni latll o WET'ereS onjte Geea HA I amun of ami tireve Seurt roit eac det Ilto,3 os e













meant. It.as caredd\ bounty. Sinceethe period stated, she has been mostly aln e K 'sen.a..ves,. om ge AP institution redeemed, by time and good management, Brnlyman'sEquity Digest, anew edition, 3 vols
Mr. FORSYTH then moved that all the third secti importing country and since ths d.ange i, her stu- PAN and Mr. Senate i bwoews, of 0lo, are first from its present difficulties. In conclusion, they submit .-lathcr's Index to the Equity Reports, from the pe-
of tho bill bestricken out-it ise s follows- From ae tion, she las prohibited importation until wheat las ri giyen, discussing the several routes which may be C the following t resoluton, iz: Resolved, That this meet- riod of Belt's index, and a second edition (n:
after the thirtiet day of June, 1824, to the duties n a sen to a iven sum per quarter The application whic pursued : all of which leave the Ohio with tth ing be adjourned to Tfi rsday, the 18th of March, (next Bridgman, with a Digest of Equity Practice
.1 ,Car Th Taif Bil ben tire' uniise nuis Mr BARBOU saidI th qartr hain move d D tl~on wend a summ t it levlbycamigu De reek I 7th A Spcfcto fth lon to Rod an aas 038o. 1'sltn i betos t h lno raigadotebn ii iand. I Lor Br e colctd b,"ae Rigai














S goods, wares, and merchandise, herein bore mention- I rotos to makeof te l t st iti or f t r Rivr ut in in that 1 o'clock, A. M. to meet at tle Bteapoe ut ink of Co- Freeman's Chancery Cases, anew edition, 8vo
ed, or any other, there shall he added, ans shall be col- tt Iin w lat lati bt' .vd lmr t t. ,t bk it wa tera, at which tiUe and place, all the Stockiolderes Inpev's Sherieff 1 vol
In.. "~ Muray' Hitnia ecantd Discoerie ari tisSlDrA; t 10.














Jaected and paid, the full amount of such bounty or pre o a ,act ic s ion. b to oe te *d its course to the sumit level, divide, one pro- e particularly requested to attend, personally, or by Buller's Nisi Prius, the 7th edition, by Bridgmal
mium, or allowance in nature thereof, as, on the export and circumstances of the country When the counr posing to .lh)w the Cayahoga, another the Grand special proxy. Greene's index to the Admiralty Reports
trion of similar articles, may be given, paid, or allowed is an importing one, then a duty upon importation is ,i, River, and a third, to unite the courses of Grand GEO. H. STEUART, 1 Beame's costs in Courts of Equity
in the country or place from whi the san shall be propriate an effectual; but when, as is the casewih iad Ashtibula Rivers. These three routes strike THOMAS MUNROE, Orders in Chancery
I pnortor 1 e teir rese piace wheresn t tle saes, the toheitry islal ex)sor tin o,., t .... d,,y through te L at I pcr .e tioe.... furnt, osh ot a shorIt notic E, jur. T stt vets Afica, "...
S rculated and ascertained, under such rules aond regular ei'i'n as ntaP lie, .ler !' .,nd, another at airport, and the thid at Ashta- B L. LEAR. J Bingham on Judgments and Executions
tons as theSecretary of the Treasury shall, fromtime to it slou e by bounty which will operate upon export ua: hl-folhlows a long and minute exaonna- The following resolution was then moved by Major Bingham's Law of Infancy
S tim, fixand prescribe." nation. Considering then, the situation of this country ,ton of that whole country, by Mr. GEDDES, Ctihi John D1avidson, and seconded, which wwa also unani. Browle's Civil Law, 2 vols
: Ths motion gave rise to consiterable discussion, il that its character was that, no. of an importing, but n Engineer, with notes, by Governor B7QWN, ill mously alopted, viz: 6Baley on Rills of Exchange, new editl6n















c .ntourse of ctcntes ...F rRSd. FO0 l, at Con. exportinP one. and, t at, conseqRuentl, the roo tsed which a variety oafdifterent routes are stated and Resolved, That the Committee appointed o0 the 25t h iarlnes' Notes '
WEBS _, _. : ER, spoke duty was an apparent, no t a substantial attd, he wished it. on ire but I this ot instant, a major of them, be a rzed and request Mchall's Doctor and Student .
o s g P P y, to be stricken out, because ht did not o th 'hr o Io i w prs, on tihle part bpne r Tuus s evera s o,.as fto reces l tis of -in t e ta < Brt ch's Priniipia lecons et equitatis
eg co r, T t t m t- -: 1ca (Ile viiwo eal ttakenn the., --ertamnt had wu o have not access to one. A letter from T n- itheTreasury, and the Bark of the United States, ad other Stevens on Average, new edition
ces an ningement of that part of our Teatyith not the.substance. s so, Esq. discusses a route by the Alle- sources that may e considered disable and that the Colhon on the aw of Lunacy, 2ols
.. I I I 10 i le wordff (O t frotn Jucroe RUG GL S, of Ohiob iublishmpd "n th 1dth o- -nex nnti,,dsuche onmunicatons, iu relation hbs oe I a-tas a, awec er-i n too
/thsatrie arI; le ro an te n. T- 1 mot Ui ted Stts if li wer inorc in ths li poid 'Ii cosn hAleayrdeb ing thus p hro e Oto ,b tein in possess ..... ofl nedu Inforwtion the -1Vfr,3E--~t .]_L f' PrtnershP*oilp", Vo"















S to strike out the section, wais opposed by Mr TOD, and, Western Herald, under thesignature ofn o ., dr oft tthe k o.. Lee's Cases in King's Bencl
without taking the question, .SATURDAY, c MAtCH 6. Farmer, insisting 1on the advantages of the gene- laid better cie meet ng, as requested by the Cbmnpiptee, Lovelass on Wills
n toilneo Mr.STORRS tte coimtle 18horotsetwih il wt 2 otat
















... On f r ,AO ..S .ecm ,r sndry Mr. Justice n Tog Y delivered the Opinion of tlare 1a meatue. A letter ft'om General Jesustates tlw d ber conferetene ys erday, a st oftthe Stkhollders, Lawe h r tothe Preo dentsin tivi
inhabitants ofNantucket and New Bedford, in Massacl u- Court itn the case of Sebree & Johnson against ,e .va n a s o uch a communication as is pro- a in" o'the -- d'c -! ";al -l" -'d ng %m
t etts, praying for an increase of duty on imported tallow, Dorr. Judgment reversed. posed, to the military services the United Statesr cm eltion t'ree'tr, ad.t t t ewhiche Ludai's Tracts on various suin ljects in the Law and
iswere ordered to be printed r.teem Mr. Justice Jo soi N delivered its opinion in and this closes the second part of the book. is, n accouicnt eiv ordered to.be left ri the hBa nds of History of England, 2 volsr12,bin a a

















On mutton of M- Ws LW ER, the memorials oft the case o( 1.DO Ort aa rinsert- argur u at ie" All Appendix contains a brief account of the ; the Secretar), for tlhe inspection of the Stockholders Leach's Crown Law, 2 vols
rlfg~is d increase ofte duty onL imported taloI "te tr. Juidgment rever'sed, and new trial H............ .. Lae t o t e o ,u < be potthttel-< be 'ceed he bore nt ned lonae' I a or L entv
_uht Te House then adjourned till Monday next _. the case of Doddrids e against .Wriht was ar- sachusetts; a succinct view of Canals, through- ... e f.o ra 'e, tinga t o thoegoig s, ou ngs he signed Newland's Chatcery Practice, 2d iditicn aeh hb
Messrs.--, 'gued by Mr. CLAY or the plaintiff ill'error, and ou te Wfmrl ; a table of the prices of Canal by the Chairman and Necretar. of tof e.meeting, and be proved, p vols
I. at) muc b h' .....aton tha a comdt whc cal ar gon ,". OK 111 oon Enn 1distnc byl thl~e fome roue leve'ttateslihd and the opneeion, thaltdone, till t he restoratJL itionary8 lte 1


















PUBLIC DEBT O. THE UNITED STATF. by the TTQRNEY GENERAL f the defendant Stocks Lono Mellis's abe f the States published: and te meeting then adjourned, till the 18th Ptt Law c onary
S- iThe case of olans against wtorae was ar-antl 'a o errtores watered by tle Ohio, Missssip- March next, 10 o'clock A M. Toelibsth L aw of Doler
Statement of the Public Debt of the UnitedStates igued wy Mr. RANKIN for the plaintiff in error. : P',,an MIssour: a:,f finalsi Gen.edal ahbu a's 6,o00s M nor,, se G.o Aa eE L, phrma. Parknr Marincthge nLAWo2 vole ,
.on thefirst day ofJanuary, in eah ofthe years e pech to the c zens o Baltimore, on this .. ens Reports, 2 ols
,. f-om 1791 to 1823, inclusive. t ract ofa letter t .h r am orei ld, r ati m.J dated isbUtedt Saecosmpehiling tha reducetr Thic a h BANK OF COLUMBIA. i u e f it Running'ton ors iectmepnt o
`,: I:c I, o t th folluwTOiI'ngE ilin : "o nei c t res. eetha. I,. nco etin elfthe Wc.-tihtt ik's R Exchs equ r Reports, 1 B n ,
n 1791V, $75,46,476 52 1808, 65,196,317 97 I seiza e a nourtedit, before the clsing of the mail, to obe gained by the Susquehanna Canal, and the s ltck, hie, conv ned i ts towo the tine or West on the Law of Extents
1792, 77,227,924 66 1809, 57023,192 09 inform you thatthe principal work.sluop on the hill, be- Chesapeake sed Ohio Canal. m.aet ng on special busine s hrof the bnstiion, lately Williams Ltew ot Commerce
1793, 80,352634 w4 1810 5573,"17 52f i longing to the Uni'.ed States' Anrmorp, in this tnwn, hcis The Book is wfhat it 6pr6fesses tq bep a book of il ed to take place o te o u i March ensuing, has been s ummary at th vls C ommerce
,17"4, 8,47:,04 7' 111, 4 Q0,5 a 76 stbbenl, a i to th ground.k ohe'fire tok as ne ars "facts. But they are facts oin a reost important htrowe to ti 1" % % A]cbl' Practice^^ ^^^ ou I^^ ^^n^ ^ P^'i; s encl
1796, 83,762,162 1813, 55,96b,9 57 bfrom a chrney of .h e targ ag s amp, under the swind subject, stated rom the most uthentic sources, tce be adbe reem A n l atend Bentham on Juries
r1797, 89,064,479 33 1814, 81487,84xe 4 of thlle eves of the long shop working its way aecrtlh, ant; illustrated bv Ihe views and ar uments of arn e o' the stor,-hohlers O there re, requested. Comyn's Law of Usnuies
1798, 79,228,529 12 1815, 99,833,r60 1u under the roof, it loon canununicated to the garret, S tome of tlhe ablest citizens of the Republic. As tv order of the soard of Dire etorks arch- s .
9 8 4 8 6 nn 1816, 127,334,9 33 ., .w hich !had il it', unl ol mn anely, a larg o quantity of dry such. it col m ends itself to every intellig en t U K t'R Z, C ashier. N O T [C E .
:',5 so7s d I stk s. as son n t ta iibet friend o. a c t f this country itad entitles its.author to march MEETING of the Bareholders in the Stock of the
180' 8 0,1,622 1819,^O f5 ,. the ubli graititudle. -- -r-1 ..... "-~ Nort Ameriealr LaTo alv w' Ie he atth
1 1 9.529,fi48..8 Chapel was saved, to the sorpris, of eve s ir ofe. The next prt tu e B .dv t: ttp'onif h bled horsee and ctlebroted atat e r 0nuen ofthmer on pLato 'n 17b Eivn e 2trevols
880r4: 77',05s6 3 '820, 9,05.5 5 twid was reh thN.hest A man in Endla,,d hishingto kno. iftan old gun was *' CO.N ENTION, wilt stand, the : suing season, in the 20th day of May next. The meeting be, for im
1804,R E R an 86, 27, 20 8 182,9 arid opp osed -' 27 by 6 M e laele ls sriii d in the B orit shexa 0 ei n i t proe ctin a) st in mPerE gln.ihi f o k ow i' n oh n





















1805, 82,312,150 50 1822; 9',546,6"76 9' T l" s i' '-s probably ;bout $15,' 00 Tihe building he- loadted, asked h;is fri'ind to holdl a lighted c atdle to the 'ise Courely ,f Pancquier. Tlermls and stands to be here- portant purpnses,a general attendance of theStareholderg
0, 3,2 1823T a75, 22 an wa tated at .$10,000, and the popropert in uthe build- U.oit li. wh hk w ,d'teeml l dii o tho er namei Ade, tt is requested La oNd AWf, Sr- r
d,,ewu hmes btio ine the committ ofid tire dlscharuncd, puranenby 27
!87" .928,9 was Inra satome d l anf exporting conr ofn corn. Att Mesrs STWR aind W.Tr~s-Y membersbi ofn, "ag-em"0t'Ma


S~T\ Y


WASHINGTON; TUESDAY, MARCH 9, 1824.

























































































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power or right might be earnr ed. Thl e same mnay be sc- w -- t i o tures i If internal improvements are useful to agrcuil-
-aid: of almost Ievery conttr'*t or Writing executed daily it was not success wouldttmaintaii either thne interest or lures? ifinternah improee
Aithie coplmoiaflseirs of l ; f..by. is comon ulesi safety of the Union ture, commerce, and manufactures, the fact of their be-
. said lie would attempt to try some of tile proving Again, r. G. said, gentlemen contend that the enu- ing national objects is established; and then the argu-
of the Constitution. meration of particular powers, aftergeneral ones,.operat- ment, that they belong more properly to individual,
The preamble is an impottant part of the instrument ed as an exclusion of all general onesi.and that, too, by than to national enterprise, falls to the grouii ; for it is
ct contains a recognition of all the, legitimate objects of the fierce of such enumeration barely. Gentlemen, Mr. equally good against every national undertakis aso urged as
government, as the b-sis on which ours was established: G. said, would gain nothing for their argument, if this cost of a system of internal improvement, is also Urged as
-to form; a. more perfect Union, to establish justice, ae. proposition were.admitted, for the same difficulty would an objections It is said that we owe a national debt, and
lto fore mestic t iquillity, provide for the common de yet remain, namely, to fix the construction of the difer- that this must be paid, and a surplus revenue accumulat-
'nnce .promotfse general wear e, &c. as far as lan- ent enumerations, of which some are particular and ge ed, before we commence the system. Mr. G. said, he
Sage cams race the ,owers ,Am objects of' govern- ieral, -and some general ia themselves. But, Mr. G. wished tat thiws very honest precaution hadbeen thought


..-... ment ; they could not be more ample than in this short said, lie dj1'td any sutrol rule. The gentlemen say, tlat o
ftovrt. ftortn I, preamble; That this preamble was not inserted out ol a particulai ~inieration ot powers, by force of its par. use
_g: g t mere idleness, he found sufficient evidence in tile details ticular chat. 1iier', barely supersedes all foregoung" g tie- fori
of the instrument in which the same words were emplov- ral powers, i ch may include such particulars. The tini
SPEECH oF R. GA'ZLAYr O nF OIO. ed, example, 8th section of the first article treating of rule whicB he understood to be the sensible one, was, prm
On the Bill for obtaining the necessary Surveys the powers of Congress, it declares the taxing and debt that negative enumerations excluded or superseded ige- rev
on the subject of Roads and Canals. paying power; and then, that to provide for the com. neral powers or rights, which would have passed, were bef
mon defence and general welfare, in thIe very words of it not for such negatives, but not by force barely <' their to
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, the preamble ; if these words mean a ely thing less than particular enumerative character, but by tlitt of their tani
FEBRUARY 5, 1824. they express, viz. to provide for the commnion defence negative character. And, another rule is, that, w11i1 t ri
and general welfare, M'r. G. said lie wished to know things to be excludedfrom general powersareexpressly nui
r. GAZLAY, of hi addressed the chair what they did mean-lhe would not attempt to answer named as excluded, they' operate as an admission tdl saw
Mr. GAZLAY, of hio, addressed the chair the verbal criticism of gentlemen, used respecting them, others not so named by negative words. Now, it' the obi
as follows: The bill on your table, said Mr. G. con- but would submit to the common sense of every reader arguments of gentlemen were true,all the negative words thil
templates the,appropriadon of S30,000, for the pro- of the language. He conceived, that, if they had any in the constitution are useless, and without meaning wi:
curement of estimate and surveys for raids and ca- meaning, it is, that Congress may provide for the corn- because, if the bare enumeration of powers, not so general est
nals. Against such a bill, Tequiring so small a sum for mon welfare, in relation to every subject, matter, or as other powers, by force of their bare enumeration, were for
whathe conceived to be'- great national object, he thing, with which they are intrusted, and in which they to exclude all such general powers, then the negative
could not have anticipated\_ single voice.; and much are not restrained by some other provision in the Con- words can have no effect-or, if they have any effect,
less could he have anticipated that, to other objections, stitution, and if they are restrained in the mode or man- then, inasmuch as they are particular enumerations, they
would be added unconstitutinality and danger to the ner as to any particular in part, then to all relating to the exclude, as well without the negative words as with
Union. As tIany danger, Mm G. said, he would as soon samein which they are not restrained. Now, the princi- them. If this be true at all, it must be true in all cases,
have expectedit from the common blessings-rain and pal objects with which Congresss are intrusted, are those and then every and .the smallest enumeration of any par- .
sunshine. I e called this a great national object, and, if of war. commerce, and revenue ; all that is needful to ticular power would exclude all general power; and, as
it were not such, and if gentlemen could maintain that it promote those great objects, or required, as a provision the constitution 'professes to deal in general powers,
is a local and sectional one, he-was ready to vote against for the welfare of them, the Congress mnay do, and some of which, are more and .some less general, and to
it. -Commerce, agriculture, and manufactures, are great- where is the danger ? What are the evils to restiult from rely for their exclusion in any particular case, onil nega-
-ly and equally promoted by the improvement of roads this power ? Those certainly, and no others, which may tive words, the consequence would be, that a smaller
and canals. Theke are the great arteries of the nation, flow and result from the sovereign power of any govern- gift of power, by reason of its smallness, would exclude
by which its extredtes approximate and its wealth is eve- ment ; and if danger were a good argument, in this, it is a general greater power. This, Mr. G. said, it appeared
ry where diffused. They save labor and equalize the good against forming any government forgiving any to him was neither sensible, true, or safe. If the rule
roarkets--they bring from regions of plenty, in some power, and the only difference between the characters of gentlemen could obtain, the enumeration, and negal-
productsand potir into those of want. They are no of the same powers given to ours, or to a king, or empe- tive would mean the same, and the reason why negative
lestlUisinguishable in their 'character than in their ef' ror, is in tihe organ who executes or 'carries into effect. provisions were ever construed to imply powers not ne-
fects~ from'most n tional works, inasmuch as they pro- Ours is perfectly safe, because it is executed by thie irm- gatived, is because they can be fairly deduced from the
dfce national wealth, while most others impoverish. All mediate servants'of the people, recalled at pleasure, to general provisions, and without the limitation of nega-
the nationaldefencestowhicfso many millionsare devot- return to private life, and to sustain the weight of their tive words, would have no restriction-it follows then,
dslieh asashipstfortificationa, and thelike, in themselves, own bad measures, if they adopt any. The other is ex- that general powers, given in general words, may be
produce nothing. They impoverish. They ire, to the ecuted without responsibility or control. Ours may be exercised, unless where restrained or limited by negative 1
tressale of the nali6r sni th what luturies-are to that of said to be the act of the people themselves in relation to words. To provide for the common defence and gene- -
an individual. ,it'is vastid lferent with roads and ca- themselves; the other, thie acts pfa superior in power in ral welfare," to.'make all laws which may be necessary 1
nal. It .sait theory that the mulnifi'- relation to tihe maintenance of that power. The one is and proper-are powers as large and general as words 2
ceC Rt&Titost aauctie :gatpal works, were the most perfectly safe, while the other may be highly oppressive. could nake them. And how are they restrained ? Why,
dangerous 'atn!hlast tobe ,undertaken. He believed It is true, said Mr. G. that the exercise of this power in- by negative words or provisions in the instrument, in a pr
a.greatmajority'f the people ntertained opinions quite wolves a great degree of discretion, and so do all and great number ofinstances, among which are those relat- thi
theopp.osite front this~and he hoped they would never every power given either to Congress or any other de- insz to rights of' persons, property, and states, viz. Pri- tic
yield them. 'Mr, .G. s9id, he'll, hitherto, supposed that apartment involve the same degree. It is the misfortune, vnc' property shall not be taken without just compensa. bla
the principal indcemnt-for giving sovereign power, if misfortune it may be called, of our nature and the sub- lion, no bill of attainder, or ex post fact law, shall be ,
was tle attainment of great nional objects, which no ject, which compelus, after all, to submit almost every passed; the judicial power of the United States shall Of
ihdiEdiual exerikons were liily- to attain. He under- thing to discretion. not extend (t, any suit against a State. These, with mia-
stood that it was general interest and- general security The next inquiry is, said Mr, G. whether roads and ca- ny other negative provisions of the instrument, restrain
which formed the national cement. Take them away, nals caln, oil any view.ofthe power, be consideredas ne- not only the power of Congress, but that of other de-
and no civil union can be long maintained. He had cessary to the common welfare or general safety in 'rela- partmnents--+and, most generally, from doini acts in
supposed that every sovereign power was bound to tion to the objects enumerated; and, 'if they are, Con- themselves odious, or which would lead to oppression.
guard and advance these great objects. But gentlemen gress, for aught lie could see, have the same power to If Congresi should pass a law to sue a State, this law
in the opposite, Mr. G. said, seemed to think that the construct them that they have to meet in the Capitol. would be a dead letter. And why ? Is it because the right.
Constitution interposed to forbid us the exercise, of this Why is a road or a canal necessary to the welfare of to do so is taknu away by a particular enumeration of
sovereign power; and, to prove this, they cite opinions war, commerce, or revenue ? Instead of answering a powers ? No,. It is by virtue of an express negative
given at the time of its adoption and since. It was not question which must be plain to every capacity, it may given to such right. Mr. G. said, he should nut pretend
public opinion, Mr. G. supposed, that was intended; .for be asked why are they not just as much so as a ship, a to answer aill the objections urged by the opposition.
this, he believed, was ever-the creature of circumstance fort, a light house, or a national.dock, a gun or alln armo- His princile view was, to persuade himself that the Go-
and occasion, and always a correct standard If correct ry ? And, as there is no express power given to build or vernment, ,afnong all its strong and hard powers, miight for
then, itis now correct; and for. the same reason that it inake these, why are so many millions appropriated for 'safely and coiistitutionally include some of the mouniti- t.h(
was theni correct. Public opinion,.therefore, could be them ? It may be answered that the general power of cent and good ones. He hoped wre were not forbidden
no evidence-against itself. It is private opinion that is war and commerce include necessarily thie power to tdo to confer sonime blessings, some solid and lasting evi- p
most insisted on, and that which is expressed in the Fed- all and every act or thiing, to provide for their welfare: deuces, that tilhe general happiness and prosperity is not
eralist. And, it is.said, that, inasmuch as the power to and this is the true answer. And, can it be true, that a entirely left out of a system which it, is said more than
make roads and canals is no where expressly allowed, in light house is necessary for war and commerce, a fort or any other \wnas designed to promote both. He was not
that. hook, we have no righL to exercise it. The oppor- dpck is necessary for the same, and that a road or canal now prepared to defend any power which, in its ten-
turititi andl siluatiotn, t waell as the talents and charac- is not--in other words, that war and commerce relate to dency, should endanger either personal or state security;
ter of the writer., ire urged,i as giving resistless force to the sea only ? Here Congress have omnipotent power. and it would be in time to oppose the exercise of such
the.r authtra, oropimnons. It must be remembered that They may appropriate millions of treasure, and enrich an one, when an opportunity was offered for it. That
they were but iJ.en, and, as our history abundantly the sea and the seaboard, and its inhabitants; but to the now contended for was, in his humble opinion, of an en-
pr'dves, writing at a- time of great excitement, no dpubt land, the interior, and to its inhabitants, they can give tirely opposite character. He should, therefore, sup- ar
with the purest and best f motives: but, yet, as parti- nothing: they have io power. Can such an argument portlit, as the first direct step towards a system which 'i
sans of a favorite measure-great in itself, yet violently be maintained for a single inoment ? The constitution was inseparably connected with the wealth and happi "
opposed-a measure,:i-n ;he adoption of which, the au- says, "provide a navy," not build a navy. It does not i ness of the Union.
theirs of the Federalist'f6t an interest deep as tie found' say any thing of either providing or building docks, forts, The situation of the West, Mr. Q. said, had been often
tain of life itelf... It is no reflection on them, to say what or armories. It is true, the power to build these may referred to in the course of the debate, and, not unfre-
was natural and proper-t-lat the strongest features of possibly be inferred from the clause giving jurisdiction quently,; foi objects which ought not, in his opinion, to
power, in the instrumteit, -should be lightly, touched; i over them, in certain cases. But then this is an inferred enter into thip or any other debate on this floor. lHe
while its weaker andTes apprehensive ones should he power only, and gentlemen are opposed to all inferred should consider the West as an integral portion of the
boughtt out in the mort engaging attitudes. 'ae times power; and, Mr. 'G. said, he was equally opposed to it. Union, as inseparable from it, and indispensable to it- p
forbade a fair and fl 'exposition of its powers, in the The next clause in the constitution which bore direct' not as the West on account of itself, but as giving its 1
same degree tha'tfe inistrumeniet itself forbade itf. It is relation to the clause already insisted on, is that which due share of power and importance to a great Union, Lti
not to be supposed-it is not required of the hunian imid, gives to Congress the power to make all laws necessary which would be less without, and, of course, greater
to judge coreidly i any point, until-it, beprese ted and proper for carrying into execution the other powers, with it-a portion of the Union now an extreme, but
with the facts andarcumsiances w ichl attend upon its &c. This, if there could be a'doubt as to what it was in- which was shortly to form the great centre.
practie-, andn those ihich bear upon it at the time of tended Congress might do, must effectually remove it. This portion of country, Mr. G. said, was watered by
giving such judjtaent And much less can we ex. There is no less than three different places in the mnstru- some of the largest rivers in the known world, embracing
jpect 'orrectnek f anticipal.ng political opinions, on" ment where these generalpoivers to accomplish the ob- an extent, variety, and fertility of soil, not any where
principles orgoirnment both new 1.i the age and new jects of the government are expfessly recognized and gi- sui-pa-aed ; with a climate happily adapted to the put-
to thu worlj. Ifi this field we every were meet Some ven. Mr. G. said, b'otli as to.expression and intention, suits of husbandry or manufactures; it is rapidly peo-
iynexpect d.cobmtinatlon or occurrence to moeckourbest he felt fully authorized to assert the power contemplated piling, and, without including any of its Southern proving t
discermnirnt, and to confute our deepest speculations in the bill.But,itis not from these generalprovisions alone,, ces, produces for exportation, annually, more than threat V
Practice in the only safe ordeal for political constitutions l tr. G said, that he drew the power to make-roads and millions of dollars value, in products. Its rivers, which a
or opinions. Wait ever foreseen, by the writers refer- canals,but from others less general. Thie words "to es-; form the channels of transportation, unite their water st
red to, thrt difculties would attend the designation of tabl'sh post offices and post roads," and "to regulate with the ocean at one place only, and that at a distantice r
the President, thT provision for whiel" are as simple as commerce,' Mr G said, were to his mind a conclusive from tihe Atlantic cities, almost equal to a voyage to Eu-, SI
any in the instrument Tihe very circumstancese gift of te purposes of the bill; and, on these clauses, rope, and more than equal to one to many of her provun-.
that we are this day in ardent debate on the mean 'of gentlemen in the opposition had indulged in a verbal ces. Insteadof rivers which flow East, to facilitate an t
Ie or.linar word iti our language, used in that instru- criticism, the extent of which he did not feel himself at intercourse, the mountain interposes its barrier; all
tqent, setsgatdefiancealformerea'inion ofthemn. liberty to follow. It was contended that "establish" these give indications of the design of distinct and sepa- m
To''insist, said Mr. G. that reliance shall be placed on means to point oat and designate only; and that "regu- rate etinpire. Rivers which are the principal channels of at
former opinions, in the discussion of a great political late commerce" implies foreign commerce only, or ex- transportation, swell periodically, and are then most ta hI
question, is to deny to politics what is allowed to every terior commerce. The greatest difficulty, Mr. G. said, vorable to the.object. This crowds upon their waters
other affair of life. Where will gentlemen turn to avoid into which gentlemen' had fallen, was, that they appro- all the products at once: they all have but one direction,
the progrepstwhichhas'accompanied every art and sc- priated a meaning to the words which was never before and simultaneously meet at the same market; this is-
rence since the adoption of this instrument ? Things given to them; and he was not sensible of any greater situated at an- unhealthy point, in a hosv latitude, fatal t
as absurd as a revolving 'world once was, are every. evil that could befal the'contitution than to subject it to not only to the products, but to the lives of those engag-
.day established as physical or moral truths. 1'he the rule of construction contended for. One gentleman ed in their transportation. These circumstances, un- P
existence and continuance of our government itself gives this meaning, and another that meaning, to a word, ,healthy climnale-its tendency to destroy the product- t
1Mr. Gazlay said, was a contradiction of the opinions each to suit his own views besure ; but what becomes of tie quantity necessarily thrown in at one period-all a
and speculations of the most enlightened o form- the instrument? Why, it mut remain without meaning. tend to render it the moit improper and unfit and dan- a
or times. He was not prepared to give up the And this evil will happen to almost every clause of it.: gerous market in the world ; to say nothing of the im--
"hope, that the progress of those political combinations for every important word has sevefAl distinct meanings. tnense loss of property which occurs annually : that of
o.n which, it is founded, would result in great benefits to 'rake that to 'establish;' it has four meanings, one of human life, is an alarming evil to the West-there is N
'the world. He could not yield the right to judge of which is to build. Now, which shall be adopted as the scer-cely a district or neighborhood which does not coin
them as they deserved; and that, for the reason that constitutional meaning? Who is to decide this imnport- tain the widows and orphans of those who have fallen
others had judged before them. Mr. G. said, lie thloughtt ant desideratum, which, Mr. G. said, he was quite sure victims to the necessity ofseeking this market ; and this
'the safest rule was to try the Constitution by itself, and the makers never dreamed of? Mr. G. said he suppose. the only dangerous one in the Union. Thie business of
where-it gave power, not to refuse the exercise of it, ed that there was a safe, plain rule, and that was to give : transportation in the West, is necessarily in a great mca.
from vain or imaginary alarm. to every word all its meanings, which would not do vio- sure confined to the farmers; the price is too low to i
The consequences which gentlemen say will grow out lence to the context of the instrument. IHe could see no' warrant the employment of many agents in the trains-
of this measure, viz. consolidation of the general and other rule; and, with this rule, the Congress have the portation. 'The growers are obliged to construct cheap
degradation of ,the state governments, Mr. G. said, power already contended for by the supporters of this vehicles, and go in person to effect a sale. During the
must be proved .to threaten us, before lie should with- bill. But, gentlemen say, if the framers of the constitu- period of the European wars, the price was such as af-
mhold fhis vote on their account-he came to this House tion intended that Congress should have the power, they forded a rich inducement for the enterprise ; now it is
fully sensible of the importance of maintaining state so- would have inserted the very word make ;" and, not: frequently less than the expense of transportation And
'ereignty, and as well in the general sentiment pf this having done so, is evidence that the power was not in- yet the citizen, incited by that enterprise which is so
body, as in the spirited opposition of gentlemen who use tended to be given. This, Mr. G. said, was nothing much the character ofan American, whom no difficulties
the argument, h' was persuaded d that the states had an more than a dispute about the choice of words. can discourage: over bad roads anti dangerous rivers,
abundanom guarantees of safety So far fiproemapprehending But, if it were a good objection to one clause of the from the bosom of a wilderness, he still seeks a market, i
dangerfrom measures ofiternalimprovement, th e should instrument, it must be good against all where the favor- distant almost as Europe-not from choice, but lie essi-
advocate hen, firm condition, thattheof tuld ie words are not sed. Le us see how this will end, by ty. But, while he is compelled to seek it, it must ot be
strengthen and s upp., alln the separate partners of the citing afew passages: Each house may determine the forgotten, that his enterprise andindustry must constant-
U eionassr para'te tyou, in the. same and perhaps mn a rules of its proceedings." This isa very important pow ly anguish. Another circumstance, more applicable to
hgrewter degree thaithey would cemeh t tand strengthen ei, and the word determine, in its strict sense, contem- this portion of the Union than to most others, was the
the whole. Mr. G said, he thought this too plain to plates something in existence, on which to determine, fallof its banking institutions, an almost total drain of
require an argumsnit as to accunmiulation of power in the Yet no one dourits that it gives the power to "make," its specie-while the East preserves a considerable
,arm of the ge ntira government, which is foretold as a although the wordl'make' is notused. Against: the clause abundance-and'will any one pretend that the eat is
.part of'the argint to slie the los'n ofit by the states. to provide for -the punisiaTent of counterfeiting, &c. less industrious an economical than the East ? ,
quired by.ad onferer unbeteits on fthie nat the powas ever does not say to make laws, or appropriate money, yet These, Mr. G. said, were not, to his mind, local evils
'daquired by ctson"aterutg benefits ntrease, or byn the fiequen both are constantly done. To provide a navy is not say- and local and sectional complaints. They were all na,
dacgeofts, onexe ise; h e always had believed, or by the treque- ing to binild or make a navy. To provide for calling tional objectsot'the first magnitude, and those which
cye of its exercise;a fe always hasd believed that te re- forth the militia does not say to make laws for calling grew out of national and general circumstances.-
verse of this was tre: and thit ours must be the most them. The words to regulate commerce or declare war, What is the remedy for them ? A Union of the wa-
weigularmle of a wl governments, muif its war and betaxing power do not necessarily mean to build light houses1 purchase ters of the Susquehanna and Ohio,orof the Lakes and
were harmless, while exercise the mcent and benegerouscial ones territory, grant pensions, appropriate millions to foreign Ohio, removes all these evils ; it prostrates the moun-
r. .which it coulh eerce rnot conend that the right toangerous. embassies, and other objects of the like, which no word tain barrier; it converts an unsafe and unhealthy and
Mr. ake road, he scanald not contenrred thagot theby implication in the constitution was ever pretended to mean.. And deadly market to a safe and enriching one ; it raises en-
atke that t is expressly given: it were not expessy yet these things ar every day done, and most o1 them terprise, it diffuses industry and wealth : not locally, not
given it oght snot to be exerted; e could not suppose vet properly done. If the gentlemen want strictness to thne West alone, but to the whole nation-to Georgia
that in oheadin ott laoxguagec,whelerin othe shape oh's in the sense for which they contend, let them in good and Maine, as well as to the banks of Missouri, and in
\ Constitutionn' a deed or other iusturumert, we had any easiest apply it to every paut of the instrument; and tihs equal proportion. It must be known, that the nett pro-
other thani the ordinary e tiles of constu-erionh, well kod n house must repeal more than one half of the laws in our ducits of the West, sell for *but little more than one-half
to its framers, as well ai to most others; ai thne ru-se he statute book All the post office laws, all the pension of the price, of the same products in the East; at the
tanderstoots to be tha, to ost their meaning words must laws; all the light house laws, and all appropriations same time the citizen of the West pays a heavy per cent.
be taken in tltein'ordinary, t c'eptat'ron; and if they thuen fbrpost road's, annu nany others. -Th remainder unre- higher for all imported articles, than is paid by those of
give pta er or allow a thing to bt douae, it may be dome pealed would be small, and Congress, in fctture, would the East. This operates as a two-fold drawbhack on
skinless there are o ather words -which linit on meatrain not find amny vet serious difficulty with the internal con- Western capital and industry ; and are these not all na-
cnoss mtch eptation, or ni.W hoa' thie. are to be aundIn cernsh f tie Union: they nould be left mostly to them- tional objects ? Is it not at all times a national object to
..od..if te tak nae h "n selvest. it would be the sea, and foreign matters princi- save the useless waste of millions, wviich can always be
.toodtdifferactlyv take a ianniar enaipie, blmo.st every pallv, vith .which they would be eugageeda a little war appropriated to promote usetuhl industry ? Must we
'tins some grant ofoueneral powru- 6r right to d esome occaionally, and,,when it came, we could nneither march not, said Mr. G. equalize our markets, by cheapeninig and
ytarticul sthoimrg, Whtiehisgcnperalyfu.liowed o ith a pro- s e tratr t atn am'my, or the munitions oftwar, ato i given facilitating transportation, before we can undersell Eu-
'so or negative restrwihiing the extent, to wle unh pon tP- .tutl tne evil was committed, amd te danger past. rope iu manufactured ? And cain it be denied/that roads
T..... o ...... .,. t exthn oi..y wc sver- strict construction ; but lie believed and canals are thIe true aud sure foundation of manuttac-


is the day of public examination; and on the last Friday excited, anid thie people certainly were waiting witb
in every month the moot-court is opened int any grade some anxiety for our decision, Mur Iaytie hoped tiat the
of' the courts which counsel may ask for; and oni every Senate would now say whether these propositions shall
Saturday, as a monthly court, unless the judge be aR he discussed and acted oin during the pr'csent session, or
sril; and if so, when lie returns he makes up for it. whether they should be indefiiiiiely postponed. For
And as to gentlemen who left the last session, under the purpose of bringing this to the test, lie would move
circumstances over which they had no control, before that these resolutions be made the order of the day tor
the end of it, they will be allowed the time they lost, Monday next, and lie hoped that nito getlemiiani wnoul
upon returning in thle next session. vote for that proposition, who was not disposed to act
upCn 1 rn B CoREED TAYI.OR. decisively ont the subject before the ildjournment alf
Richmand, Va. march 8-w4vw Congress.


,eretof'orite, vlhen ss, many millions lave been spent in "-" _--
*less obje is, whichh he would not now name ; and as EIGItf. T ENr' l CON GR ESS.
accuminilatin of revenue, that was not a lahw of the E GlU E ElT .L -I CONG ES.
es: it ithal no pace in our policy ; and iftinternal im-
iveinents Xi ce inot to be commenced until a surplus u'
enue was au d, hef. tiared it would be a long period MONDAY, 1IARCHI 8, 1 824.
fole the ir lcstig- s 'vou;ld be felt ; thatlie was anxio il
see the debt piald, and the revenue savedl, and to at- IN SENATE.
i the (iojcc, lie sh';ui1l select a aystein 'of internal it In
,velnebt. If this wouid not enable us to raise a reve- Mr EILIOTT presented the memorial of a great
e, lie believed we should long remain poor ; for lie number if inhabitants of Morgan County, in the State of
/ no other means, which had not been tried. To thiss Georgia,ireministirating against the passage of the Tariff
iect lie should, therefore, look with confidence. Tot bill. I crred to the Committee on Commerce and Man-
s te was ready to devote a few millions, which, other- uthcOlrfis.
ist, wouhl be iost, l. ie was co'vwinced that the inlter "Mr. ?1OBII,' presented the memorial of the General
as well as the will of the nation, .imperiously called Assem-ly of the state of Indiana, praying Congress to
it, and that it sliotild not be delayed a single moment. makefiirther provisions for the relief of purchasers of
public; lands, and to reduce the price of lands in districts
wheth the land has been offered for sale for ten or more
in 1% year.
ix Rn e u .Mir. NOBLE said, in presenting this memorial, that
l-- ie was proud to have it in Itis power to say, that in the
SIXTH CLASS-NEW SERIES, memorial, the Legislature had manifested their attach-
r c O'i T f me't omi the Federal Government, and for the interest'
I5 ia t tt S$o and prosperity of it He said, the Legislature had gone
To be drawn on th/e 17th of March next, further-that they had, on the part of their constituents,
and finishes in five minute~. and fir themselves, acknowledged the benevolent poli-
60 Numbers-9 Ballots to be drawn, cy heretofore exercised by Congress towards the pur-
bCH E.ME. chasers of public lands, by whicli many of them have
I prize of' $.0'000 is $20,000 been redeemed from ruin, and saved from forfeitures;
1 10,000 10,000 and without the aid of such policy, their laftds must have
1 5 082 5,082 reverted to the United states.
20 1,000 20,000 The Legislature, said Mr. N. presents two subjects for
20 500 10 000 the consideration of congress, both ofwhich he deemed
L 2o00 8200 to be well wortly of consideration. The first was, that
51 100 5,100 of permitting, b law, those individuals who, prior to the
5i 60 3 060 act of Congressfor the relief of purchasers of public
1,734 12 808 lands, passed ir 1821, suffered a forfeiture of lands on
1,475 6 68,0 which one or ore payments had been made, to apply
1' 0 the amount of their forfeitures in the purchase of other
S171 latnds,'copfiniiigthem to the districts wherein tke forfeit-
0.5 i8,ks 3'220 Tickets, 171. u.1 rs,.;r ..-,r There can be ino objection to this, be-
In this Scheme, with 9 drawn ha1lots, there will be 84 etise l.t I ',,s have reverted to the United-Sta-es,-ad-
izs with 3 .sos. on them ; 1836 prizes with 2 1Ms. on the amount of money paid by the purchaser, which was
eni; and 11,475 prizes with I Nio on them. Those rthe forfeiture, is in your Treasury. You are not asked
ke',t having none of the drav, N ballots on them being formoney, but merely for land, silce you have been in
ts,. e the habit of selling in tracts of eighty 'acres, and the ap-
Schemes to be had gratis on application at ALLENS' plication of the forfeitures to be confined to the same-
ce. land districts..
Whole Tickets F7, Halves S3 50, Quarters l 75. The second subject is, the expediency of reducing the
price of public lands in those districts where they had.
been offered for sale, for ten or more yeaNi, and have not
TLiCekts iS i8AI g k yet found purchasers. The history of the sales of the
public lands in this country, prioves, that, ta reduce the-
Tihe )rnwin 'il:p G i-ad price of your lands in the old settled parts of the country,
STA aTE w T an s a true policy. We all know, that your good lands are
iSTA, LOW- E r' t hiirst selected, and the most indifferent tracts ate reject-
11 be continued on Thursiay, the 25th of March, d ; and, as the. districts become closely settled, these
onil the same day refused indifferent, and broken tracts of land, serve
Tickets wil/ Rise to Twenty lDollars. only for those persons adjacent, to trespass upon, cut,
Persons at a istarice hae now 'aT rticr opportunity .nd carry away your timber, thereby, in time, rendering
Ssecurings chances at the presenow a r ppatswhilst all thelandoflittle or no value to the government. The
e splendid prizes art the preeawn. rates, Legislature of Indiana, from the pide of attachment to
ONLY 'HRE DRAWINGS now remain to corm the general government, and for their interest, as well
ONLYe the l e, a aitGS now remainals o to co as the interest of the state, apprise you of the facts, andt
disclaim any other motive.
100,000 D O sLA S. Mr. BARTON, from the Committee on public Lands,.
20,000 DOLLAR to whom was referred a memorial of the General Assem--
10,0010 Dl TLAR', bly of Indiana, praying permission to revoke the ordi-
nance exempting from taxation for five years, those pub-
10,000 DOLLARS, lie lands which have been sold, reported a bill, granting-
5,000 DOLL ARS, the prayer of the petitioners in part. The bill was read,
7 of 1,000 DOLLARS, &c. &c. and passed to a second reading.
e still undrawn. All orders dated previous to the Mr. DICKERSON, from the Library Committee, to
ie will be supplied at th p-, sent rites. whom was referred the petitions of Way and Gideon, and.
hole Tickets $15 00 Quarters $3 75 Edward De Krafft,' reported on the subject, aiuthorizing-
aives 7 50 iignths 1 87 the purchase of ten copies of the Journals of the old
For sale, warranted undrawi, at Congress. '
ArlNn d n t SS Mr. BARTON presented the memorial of the Chair"
AL .r man and Trustees of the Corporation of St. Charles, in
Lottery and Exchange Office, Missouri, praying that certain lots, and out lots, apper-
Penmasylvauia Avenue, it,'aslniiign City. taining to the town, and which the President was autho-
Orders from any part of the United States, per mail, rized to select fobr military purposes, may be applied to
ost paid, or by private conveyance, enclosing cash or purposes of education; and that the commons of St.
prize tickets in any of the Baltimore lotteries, will meet Charles may be, also, applied to the same object. Re-
le most prompt attention, if addressed to ferred to the Committee on Militar Affairs.
S. & M. ALLEN & Co. The bill to enable the holders of French, British, and
Washington City. Spanish titles to lands wkhin that part of the State of'
March 6-3t S. R. Louisiana situate to the East of the Mississippi river and.
Island of New Orleans, which have not been recognized'
L -W ,Sas valid by the Government of tile United States, to in-
LAW SCHOOL-. situte p riccci-rgs to try tile yatidity thereof;" tthe bill
ItHE fourth session of the Law School, at Needhiam, I" to authorize the Register of the Land Office for the
L in the County of Cumberland, near Farnville, in WesterilDistrict of Louis ana, to report on certain land.
ie County of Ptince Edward, on the Appomattox, in claims;'/ the bill in addition to an act, entitled "An.
irginia, will begin on the first Monday in April next, act to etablist a Turnpike Company in the District of
nd end with the year. Needham is situated on ithe Colimbia;" the bill for the relief of the legal repre-
age road from the City of Washington to Hockingham, sentativis of Andrew Mitchell, deceased ;" and the bill
n Norh Carolina; and within less than four miles of the to chlinge the terms of holding the District Court, for
age roa' from Richmond to Lynchbur .;; and is, in the Diitrict of Kentucky," were severally read the third
point of salubrity, equal to any part of the middle cun- time adld .'Asssn.
.y: besides, I shall have another office completed by Mt JOHNSON, of Kentucky, presented the petition
lay, or before, with some lodging apartments, which of B njamin Britges, praying compensation for certain
iay tend to facilitate the operations of the Law School: military services. Referred to the Committee on Claimns,
he rules a:id conditions of which will be (except as Oi motion of Mr. JOHNSON, of Kentucky, the Com-
eremnafter mentioned) as heretot'o.e; and for the mittie on Military Affaiirs were discharged fi'rom the fur-
'hich I refer to the journals thereof. theconsideration, of the petition of James Jackson and
The Terms of the Law School. others.
No one will be received, as a student, tor a less time vr. LLOYD, of Maryland, from the Committee on the
than the whole session, unless he has been licensed to District of Columbia, reported a bill for enclosing the
practice law; and then for not less than.six months': the Burial Ground of Christ Church Parish." The bill waa
tuition fees, for the whole session, will be ninety dollars; real, and passed to a second reading.
nd for the six months, sixty dollars; both payable in On motion of Mr. KING, of N. Y. the Senate, as int
advance. committee of the whole, (Mr. HOLMES, of Maine, in.
2As to Accommodations. tht Chair,) proceeded to consider the bill to authorize
Farmville, not more than a mile and a quarter from the employment of certain assistants in the General
Needham, has in it a most excellent public house, and Lind Office. This bill authorizes the employment of
kept by a most respectable citizen, Mr. Tredway, who diiftsmen to prepare maps which have been ordered b
s preparing to take boarders, for the Law School, on the Senate. The bill was reported to the Senate with-
Sery reasonable terms. oit amendment; and passed to be engrossed and read
A few geao einen, too, can live at Needham, as mem- third time.
rs of mygee family, (with the exeptio N of them wash The report of the Committee on Claims, unfavorable
inf,) paying in advanc-, for nine months, 5225; and for to the petition of Sarah Easton and Dorothy Storer, was
n months I-150 including their botiks, again taken up for consideration. We stated, particu-
The aw.- School. has frequently been attended by lar'h, the grounds of this claim, when it was before un-
',outng gentlemen licensed for the barm and it %as froan der discussion. The petit owners are daughters of Col.
heir example that I was led to shorten the time, as to Robert H. Harrison, Aid-de-camp to Gen Washington ;
them, in future; and to them it is most respectfully sub- and they claim the commutation for half-pay and bounty
tmited, whether they had not better make tneir first land, which they state to have been. due to their late
essay at the bar of the hoot.court, attached to the Law father. The question before the Senate was, upon the
school for the time proposal, than to take the course motion of Mr. LLOYD, of Maryland, to reverse the re-
which is more generally pursued. Here let me i nvite port This motion was advocated, and the claim sup-
their attention to what Mr. JP.RERsoN says, in a letter ported by Messrs. HABYN, LANMAMAN, and SMTH, an
to me in relation to the Law Schooln: 01 the utility of opposed by Messrs BELL, CHANDLER, and AY-
t the Institution, there can be no doubt; it gives oppor. LOR, of Virginia;. The question on reversing the report
tunities to students of practising their lessons in rie- was put, and decided in tne negative-14 in favor of,.
torie of habituating themselves to think and to speak atnd 25 against it. The report of the Committee was
with method, and lessens the shock of a premier de- then agreed to. ,.
obit at the bar, so tesribe it a first essay of strength h Mi'. HAYNE moved that the several resolutions pro-.
before the public." Anid now let me add, that, with posing amendments to the Constitution oh the United
bhese alv plt ic e e-r sii> o~tr 'Sfes, in relation to thle election of President and Vice
practIcal tonoe ledge,m the same time, which he would President, should .be taken up. In calling up these re-
iever get in the same time by study, solutions, he said, that they had been lying so many
Tile only advantage the student has in reading at the weeks upon the table, that hlie felt himself bound to call
Law School, over tlhe student in his closet is, the strict the attention of the Senate to themni, at this time, in order
examnatioii lie s fr entl undergoes, upon the law that some decorum should take place in relation to
and upon the practice of'it. them. It will be recollected, said Mr H that several
It is roy purpose, if the students of the next session propositions- to amend the Consitution, one of them by
of the law School shall wish it, without any other ex- himself, had been submitted,a very soon after the dom-
pense to them, to attach also to the Law School, a. Moot mencement of the session, anmd though one of those pro-
lssetmbli,(once a month) composed of a senate and house positions, submitted by the honorable gentleman frorra
of delegates, to be governed, in all respects, by our Missouri, (Mr. Benton,) had been discussed, no decision
constitution and laws; and to proceed in all matters by had taken place ot any of them. The indisposition of
the rules and regulations of the General Assembly of that gentleman, and the usual courtesy of the Senate,
Virginia; aid by the Niatiual of Mr. Jeffersoi, when ne'- had influenced that postponement. It was no longest
cessary. And shionld I be so fortu.iate, in conducting desired, however, ott that ground, and therefore it. had.
bhe deltberation' of my pupils, it their legislative ope -become necessary for the senate now t) decide whether
rations, as I have been in iheir judicial proceedings, and they intended to oct on thi subject during thepresent see-
they shall be in like manner benefitted, I shall be most sisn. Mr. H. had iindcrsroid, from several of the turin-
amply rewarded. Every pledge that I have made in bers, that they deemted the present period utftavorable
'elation to tne publication of the journal of the Law to the adoption of any amendment ti the Constitttion,
School, shiall he redteemed according to the pledge. Amd atid too tnch excitenm'nt was sttpposed to exist int rela-
if any one doubt about the utility of the Law School, or tion to thie subject-matter of thit anieindment the Presi-
of the correctness of the proceedings in it, I do most dleotial Election. He haid bernt inin't"rnetld that a majority
respect fully invite him to visit it, and unless he is wIth- of this House deemed ii inexpedient to act on hie sub-
itt aty relish tin' the law, [ am persuaded he would ject during the present session Mr. Haync was mot
leave it untder the most friendly impressions, disposed to press for a decisiomi on the anmeidments, iF
I will only add, that the last Thursday in every month sutch, was the ftact. But, as puitlic attention. had been





",Themotion to take up the resolutions p'I -lld. .Mr. nugatory, ifabounty granted by a foreign nation on lthe manufactured i)n his vicinity-Tiat t ct ulI be 'anufac- h en, hen i was in Congress some years ago, we had ISt CO o
KI,'NG, ofNew Yor, then moveedpl.. ... ..... ..... I ......I ey,,, .ur.dtouahnvaexee....t.eIcourse ,w1.. r c aurto -.
NG, of New York, then moved forth indite post- exportation of its commlodities might not be met by an tured to any extent on the whole seacoast,, v wer- the pleasure of a acquaintance. In the course
one, ent of the wlhole subject. 'IhismtI on ave rise equivalent duty here. it was we l lown,t a ld eer hei t -ts te price wiU, ..V otf thiat speech, he has introduced our name- in so M'ONDAM8
,.~~~~~~~~~~ cosdrbedsos niwihMsr.IIN G, of' gr ant-; bounties for 'le express--purose of torcin her douLbt, be redluced lie turthex slatt'd, .bat ,',.duyn ... .
tocosieabe isusininwich ^ ^lo mls11ff ^ L pul ,I, r^ S c^ ^ I MONDY, MARCH S.
New-York, HIIYNE, VAN BUREN, IOWREl', aLO'D), guods inltoforeign markets; and if tl.he orjection-to this Gl.mber Salts was 0! little consequence, because, that, civil a manner, that we should be wanting in co- The argument of the 'case of the UnitSed-&tate
ofMaryland, MILLS, HOLMES, of Maine, Bi"LLi and suction of the w1l is held valid, she will stull be enabled owing to the n.anuacture of that article n his vcinity, itoy if we did not pay our particular respects to 0 s of T S l
DICKERSON, participated It was contended,io the to do so with respect to this country. tile price had been r-duced to less !an one third ot the him. which, with the blessing f Providence, we agnst .0 chst of ea, Smith, claiinant, waa
one hand, that it couhl not be expected, by theMer,. But it is no. valid. In that article of the treaty which .price formerly paid. He had no doubt that a great.,l ,' no distant day. e are too proud of coinmenced-by.Mr. OGDEN, for the claimaiU,,and
an I,.Pd b i-i.'.t ,v,1ud at no distant t av. N e are to opOt lo
bers of the Senate, that any one ofthe different proposi- this section of the bill is said to violate, two objects were abundance or the article in question would be manuRae- occasion to let it ass uni rove. e by Mr. BLAKE tor the libellants.
tons couldrbeado ted, at the presentrsesiion-that there intended. The- first was to secure a perfect reeiprocty turned, and the price would be reduced. Heju .d, !c o a ."tl it pr .Fd P e
was much other business, more immediately important, between tile two nations, with respect to their naviga- from what had been d(lone by trie maufactuetnres of Glau. 1 residential |leclion, by the way, is becoming _
to be acted upon; as the amendment, if adoptedt all, tion. Preferences had previously been given, both by her Salts, whovoul now manufacture Epsom iSalts also somewhat a delicate topic, and must be. warily Aoice to Pensioners.-We are requested to
could not be adopted in seasonto operate upon the next France and Englandl, which threatened altogether to de- i the same manutfctories; that we cou suer no in- handled. A paper at Albany already tells us state, for the information of the Pensioners of the
election-and that a time when the public mind was prive America of the carrying trade-which course of convenience front increasing the duty from three to four h m supporters of th.e Caucus "Nomination United States, that, as Congress has :made the
not so much agitated o the subject of an e section, a at thins led to the ado ion ofwhat has been called the cents per pound. deserve tarring and feathering; but, being averse necessary appropriation, funds for laying them
miefvl-iet ie lesm a u lanpolicy on thils subject-a policy which hasI ['The amendment was agreed to,] I "11. ..
present, would be mr fvral o dsusink ,as e .,'"- reoutrhants.as ,aheba're I *o a, thfle
there nig ht be some arts ofthe country which e proved completely trium phant, and has brought both to that as a barbarous practice, muskets and ri- are in redness. All, therefore, who are on the
yet waiu in vainexpectationthat some amendmItt England and France to terms. But this section of the Msss. GA s & SKArTOS : files" are mildly recommended to the people as pension list, may now. apply to -the respective
would be adopted at the present session, which woud bd leaves tis reciprocity untouched-for no different i In your paper of tins morning, you give a brief sketch a substitute for it! Bo we go.- Agents in the States where hey reside, for their
effect the particular course which they might see fit o is made in our duties, whether merchandise is import- of the observations, made by me in committee of tle semii-annual stipends'. ,.
pursue, in regard to the next election 1 ed in British or in American botomns. .: whole on Thursday last, upon the proposition to modify On Tlhu,-dsv venin,, there was a very nume-" I.
In tle .ourse of this debate, Mr. VAN BUREN said, The second object aimed at, in the article of the trea-; tlie proposed Duty on Wool. Several errors have oc- In T.da eve.lin, ,tle waaverynume Politics of the District:-On the first page of to-day'.s ,
hlie hoped the motion made by his colleague, for indefi-. ty alluded to, was to secure to British goods an entrance curred in drawing up this sketch, some of which so es- rous meeting of the citizens of the City of New Daily paper, we have placed two artiles connected with :
nite.postponement, would not prevail. There was not, 'into our country on as good terms as those of any other sentially vary tile character and meaning of my remarks, York, ISAAC LAWRENCE in the chair, and PETER peculiar" poi of this Disict To all articles :
nltthe peculiintoOupoounty (ofCEtiitsechastandi'Tt.1)"Toitall articles
in hisi judgment, any reason why the Senate could not nation ;. nor does this section make any discrimination to '-that I must beg- you to correct them. 1 am well aware W. RADCLIFF, Secretary, at which they protest- f a t t this dulict. -o n a
act upn the subject as well now as at any other time. their prejudice ; its provisions are general, no more di'-. of 'the difficulty ofhearing what issaid in the House,andt e against the Tarin now before Congress, as ete presented for .pulicatLn-on that r
If the state of feeling oil the part of the members of thile reacted against the goods of one country than another. It am only surprised that you should ever have attained that nos th c i;.i|t Sti t n.ton subject, we shall -ive ihe same location; For the pre-
Sentate could possibly be supposed to create an objec- adds thile amount of all foreign bounties to the duty on: general accuracy, which characterizes your reports of r inoustr o at cr d ind ceml etosm aion sellnt, tlieretbfore,'the attention of our readers in the Di-
ton to acting upon the matter atthissession, it wasto be those go ds on which the bounty is granted; and if, in Congressional proceedings. a industry; a strong inducement to smuggling, ctwi be well directed that corner of our er
regretted that that consideration had not,had an earlier conseqttence of this generalmeasure of self-detenc, Br- At the commencement of the second paragraph of my a measure certain to prove in its operation a most ct a we diret o tt coner odr paper.
influence We ,had comrmenced this business under tish goods havre- more duty topay than French, it is'not remarks, I an made to speak of thile flock of Merino oppressive and useless tax ; deeply injurious to .- .. -- -.
circumstances peculiarly auspicious; thevarious propo- the result of our legislation, but of her own, and when Sheep at Rabelais.' What I did say on that head, rela- the national revenue, and likely to aid in the es- n o I e', (D .
itions submitted had been referred to l committee of two pAties make a contract, no act of one of them is, of ted entirely to the French JVaational Flock of Merino tablishment f an extensive system of internal Geoetow, (.C) on Sundynirgt,oa severe.
hi.h respectability, who had, with greauinanimity, re- itself, to constitute a violation of the contract by the Sheep at.Ramboulet. t men n extensive S em inena malady, wichhe endured with resignation adfir-
"orted proposition. He thought there aa adequate other party. In the same paragraph, I am made to say, to my per- taxation. From the concurrent testimony of all ness, NATHAN1EL CUT-ING, Esq; a-native of Gamin- .
Dota a opos oln., e thloughf~t. lthere as adeuateother. party. oI r''n't.' .
time to act upon the one reported. He diit.red from his To this, it was rejoined, that the increase of duty in sonal knowledge" two entire hearings, if not more, [of the New York papers, the meeting was a very bridge, near Boston. During the past fifteen year tire
colleague in 'ils impression that there was tly portion of thit case was to be attributed to our act of legislation, wool,J are now lying unsold in Philadelphia, New York, tumultuous one, and, though no blood was shed has been a resident of this District, It6!)ling a subordi;. :
the.Union which expected that. the constition would aril not to that of England, for it was our act that added and Boston." I said, "that, from information communi-that we ca discover, much violence was used. late; but ry responsible and .respectable- ce inthe .
be aiepded iin season for the next election. at was ren- the amount of her bounty to our duty, and thereby cated by intelligent men, in whom great -confidence w io i War departmenet.n Im7ediately6, before the Defclarhtipa..
lered impossible by the necessary prpci .h d her goods to pay more than those of her neigh ogt to be placed, large quantities of American wool It will be seen that one section of the bill tor a of Independence in 1776, Mr.- Catiig i Ig caoset-
Thiy amendmntSwill hae the effetkt- lesseher gooptset'bypay more,,tan thsero, uer hneigfad oil c0 ,
which the amendments, proposed must pas .. c r, a thing we expressly promised by the treaty not to re now waiting a market in the neighborhood of Phi- revision of the Tariffhas been stricken out, and the profession iot'asea-faring lifeVsi n at risiathe.
whinix.dwould render it proper to stop now, after so-n.uclj tions. ac hing' between her peoplee and her government. grown un those sections of the country, it not greater." ,_ .t .,_-, 11 iv h ffer to Lss n orthe America, th- sVmr.. then-Hnrir in comimand, itha
proegreas had already beeaiimade in tlhe subject. 0 .,t was wk who niow iinterfere, and make her municipal In the third paragraph, the sketch makes me say, Thl ameltind~.ment will have tie eii ct toess&en t~ie captured by a crn.iii.; i.irnpr, urfl liimself and lhis crew
Without takinff the.' question on the motion. ,to regulations a part ot our law, and found duties on them, Merino wool cannot be grown here under 25 or 32 objections .to the bill as it stood, and, we should were thrown into Mil'1 Prison' Aniinafed'by.jpiitriotic;.:
postpone .contrary to the treaty, cents a pound." My observations on that point were suppose, to add to the number of its friends. : impatience and enterprise, he.plannel, od, iidedb
It s roaIew, hfk h t'h e bi. al pFs.e w ch oe.eorI ,) ff etd1n)s o m th sof ., .

.The Senate adjourned till to-morrow. As to the policy of meeting her bounties by counter- intended to show, that Merino wool had for some time t is probable we think, that the bill wil pass few chosenit opmrades,) effected an esrt ae'om this ii'
b 'y ailing duties, itwis a question from which we are pre- bee0 selling at fhim 25 to 32 cents a pound, a price a t the House of Re resentatives, but not without aD some confinement r seized upon an dien boatfriear-
Seluded, .because we have already bound ourselves not to which our wool growers could not supply the article t es D verand bldly crossel'the channel, into a Trn
-HOUSE (' REPRESENTATIVES.. tax her goods more than those of others, who grant no without loss; but that American fine wool could he sup- pretty close contest. Its fate in the Senate can- port Many years subsequent t. such exploit, he re-
ter th p i fn o tit" bounties This maybe inconvenient, it may have been plied at a profit, of a better quality than the imported, at not even be conjectured, ceived, under the Washington administration, from Se-
erMi adea dbt tinonme suectn iriwpolitic; we have done so, and we must abide by our anaiverage price of fifty cents a pound. At te last accounts from New Orleans, a bill cretary Jefferson, a conIsular appointment at dhivre de
0 lie,,'quetion oil -ile motion to regulatonssaapartoftourrlawNand foundnuties oillheme"aMerioewoolscanot beconsulars hppointmentedat ,tr., tio d_

Wit MeLtAiNg, from1 the i- ee oit Ways and iremeut. ." In the last para ra ph,. ear tle close, while you r oake ctio pnding in the le b atodSandwe ryce: S e whe Aeri nmisPs, whited Irna-.
Meaps,, eporte a bill "for the relief of Georg Fsh- A case was put, on the one side, suppose Britain, me epress.myonviction that we do uotrow the o was pending in tre Lesislature of Louts Ans, for y ce r e an eisi p ie Pai, te S r -
er.; whh rastwi e read, and committed ,. ent this law passes, makes a certain article on which wool at all, and the propriety of exempting it fiom duty, establishing a Loan Ofice, to emit three millions ted in the great Louisiana Trescity. These and similar"
Mr. LIT'IL-E, fiom the ommittee du Pensions and he grants no.bounty, and we receive that article at a yet that we must do this by degrees." of paper, on loan to individuals, for five, seven, functions, ho executed with skill and energy. The lead-
oIth paiodn Joemrsephe tqeadrLaorkioNrAberb nh certain duty, the same as is paid bya French article of the I am, Sirs, your obedient servant, and nine years, at an interest of 7 per cent. ing endowments, indeed, of his natural capacity, were
I b u nti s T hi m ay ~ e in on ve n e nt, it m a h a ve b ee n pli~ d at a p rofi of s b et & q u a ity h at) h e i m orte ,oatyotaev n b e c o nje t u re .B utiedh isd acltiefsing t'ftadco n sisted, froiS e "

pens i ps whechas aid onu the able. on .ame kiidd-here she is on an equal tooting with France. J. C. WRIGHT. It is not possible, however, that a scheme sO memory nd jf"me ent. But his chief gift consHisted i
Mr. WLIT'LrSEY, from the Committee of W claims; Ahe afterwardshfitcants aubounty, whih raisdeshldultyin 8th abarl, 1824.rI
TrIt. that increase tbeclse l yu to us Is repugnant to the very terfts of the ConstitutiOn, py re hiienweeontreda ,
made an, unfavorable report on the petition of E. B. Ga- ,ing but her own act? Can her subsequent act of the United States, which declares, that No gorous reason. Nurtured in the hardy school of adver-
threMrr. LIG OoNeto Cmmittee to whom \vas onstrue our act into an offencee? It was answered, yes, J T State shall emit bills of credit," can be at- sity, his mind profitted, from the austerity of such early
referred a petition of certain liens, reported, (as in part) because our act anticipated such a case, and had a pros. -.. Ch tempted to be carried into effect-not to speak of discipline. He was of a manly disposition and a gener-
a bill "reectin aliens" which was twice read, and ecve reference to it, and is therefore as much char the deteriorating influence of such a measure on ous teemperca-he seldomilost a friend, and hie never made
spt wi was twice re a geable on us as if it had been done after and not before w to a al a n i a an enemy because hs heart was warm and his purpose
committed te case occurred. It was said further, that, if this act TUESDAY, MARCH 9 pospeity and even on the morals of that pure. But, in a more peculiar manner, he was exempla-
tR eso ,Thiit thC C e Ways and eans be placed England, with respect to an bounied article, on Ininyend en tsfidlment of social c irtues and
instructed to inquireinto the expedLienc of amending less favorable terms than France, lheir remedy was either E Y ST. GO E TUCKER was chosen by domestic duties And this to such a degree of excel-
an at entitled An act to provider the prompt settle to repeal her bounty or to applyto France to lay one- We are so pressed by the quantity of matter the Legislatre of Virginia, on Friday last, with- lence, that those whowere nearest and dearest to him in
m aentil L i acos prov id o rlthe l stt e ur law ad impartial respect t both and variety of subjects which have claims upon out opposition to be Chancellh of the Winches- heris sm e o g d ersstion is ton
men tofpucelte au^ o os accounts poe-dMrinh, 181Of- It was replie that these bounties were usluallv g'rant- atetolw creyko o oseet^ akb.^ IGNA ice, and who surviv pe to re revhs eisoltin, willt lont
as^ ftio redue henu^r of Auitoso co'nigO edrto make up for some disadvantage, real or supposed, our atnio, we scrcl kno how tose ter.and Clarksbitrg districts, in VI~rGIA, vice them irreparable.
prices, of the vernment



fir ote vr nnt i between the country which granted them and other materials for our columns. The present column D. CAR, resigned His funeral will take place at his liate residence int
maea;nfamotion reo' r. Utonte eit was of-E. B G.-_ "




.eonl Fhat the om teen Commere inquire countries. The bounty, therefore, only placed the two shall be devoted to short notices of several mat- er Joe p H, announced as a Gereon this morning, 11 o'clock, A. M. at which
into the expediency of erecting a buoy at the mouth of countries on a level as they came to our ports-and if ters and things, in abbreviating ourviews of which C didate to fill the vacancy in the Haouse of timeand place his ftiends wil attend without further in-
Seupperuoneiver, in Albemyrle Sound ; and also a we charged one more than the otler, we created an ine-' it s'to be hoped we shall ,ive more saMiWstttI)n to eanldalte to bill the vacancy ei the anouse o yitation.d"
e n fromthelausterfthe Unite States, occasioned iLU
floatngliht on the"Long.Shol i a pte S ud quality thlat we did not find--and we did that very thing o t readers, than our attempts to abbreviate De- T;66" ^ ~ te* s ae*o c so e
Oumotion of Mr. COCKE, it as 'It was aganarud" htt ori teeconeral bates in Congress have been fortunate .enough to by hedeath of Mr. BALL, of Virginia. IRA HILL'S LECT URES
Mr.LIVINGSThOttheromteComittee on toewhomici asry bctitoae in- ?I wsa :I




strutedt u That the Committee on the Judiciary be in- ing due as anst the toforbiet erea co ery meet with. This observation tnatural.ly brings US PEALE's WASHlNGTON.-It IS the singular me- TITILL commence in Georgetown on Wednesday
Snt pe o aeemeu ought to bind both parties; but granting to tie first in orderoof the things we hav-tonotice. rit of this Portrait that it has united.the suffrage s Everg. next, a preisely o'clock in ther Lan-
Sethet edpttos nof any l es, eprte s a ite bounties was a act of one party only,.and an act by The Franklin Gazette of Thursday st con- of the oldest and most competent judges, and caerian imryofit Lecture will be egratui-
overnment. l which she could, at pleasure, affect the interest of the ains an ewktract t o th e edit ', dated" Wash- that but one fault has been found with it, i. e.in the as a e or ero te course will then be explained..
co.. ,.. 'otIher artyoiusnaserthadbentreaty. afterasandsw t e foere.te rseiyadeenontheatoas thea al nmyrbc auehshatwswriadhspup





On motion ofMr. TRACY, it was, o.Ithecas tcud.eItrwat.Ith serthifthiate To9.n Bnm 1, cont iinw ore of the most un expression of the eyes. Convinced of the accu--
.Resolve e tid, That theco mmitteeofWyanMeansTet IacedEnglabnd, the wtrespecttoan ydtntg.hidfatotariloCofthcriticism, the author has now correct- yad e na in OTICE. ofsd,. -' it. a
Shep treaty--it existed i both parties-it was no noveltyrin that we have ever experienced, even in the ed the error, and has had the satisfaction to hear IL be sld, on .Thursday, the14th inst. at*
intred .. tOo inquireInto e the ex, edreviins of mni ng. tileT. aCL Ou ws hoenb





a^tng et passed Marc 3d. 1817 entitle epdr An act to En.gland, having beent pratised for a century, and be- bitterest hurricanes of party fury o Who the wri- is work commended without exception. l''"cockat M on the pnremisetanthe ollowig pro'
amend the act authorizing" the payment for property lost, .t ..tom.e. nus t drln.u ter is, we know not; but this we know, we would The Common Council of Boston have appoint- ofefoitee: ed ,.t T ses, ^ a,
vice ro U td nm lnwe "" chantto encourage tne commerce anctnte hnot r all the political elevation h. ve at-, eda Co ittee to dret a letter, i behalf of the Pea nhsu prio etisss
passed theth April,a t Mar s nation of England, and not to destroy our manufacturers, tained over us, be the possessor ot lhis.uncharimta City Coupncil, to Generaii LArAYEfTTE, requesting Nurse-1- situated on .Marylhitalt-vmeilSerb-letvestl
have leave to report by bill or otherwise It was rejned that the quo animo with which it eight bIe spirit. The amount of Is statement is, that him, if not inconvenient, on his contemplated vi- Capitland Potomac. ridgepe. Seed nataken byv
The SPEAKER laid before the House a comnnica- have bee. done was of no consequence-its actual oper- w systematically suppress the publication of sit to the United States, to land in that place, and tue of fourr o_ fie^Ws, ie oe ,issed b 'John ,ra';-
tion from the Secretary of the Treasory, commuting ation was to .estoy he. thee obec o h trea" y "a many debates (m Conarc s t tess) that in any degree to assure him that his reception will be worthy oemi".a rne tet l e P. o tu .t opt
the ftnahon required by a resolutn of thsIouse u oe a nt a o I" render disservc to u political favorites or of the city which s ever held in the highest es JAMES T-OMSON and will'be slto sati debts
,-of,.the t u.. mSn rdS t i s- e be t to this country-but the striking out of this section "prospects." It is difficult to speak of such timation the services and sacrifices of the adopt- due Samuel )lillei. '- BIiH BRYAN, '.
On motion of Mr TEN EYCK, it was i 'e would go farther than this, and put her on a better foot- statements with the temper which befits otir in- ed Son of Washington. au a Constable.
R resolved, That the Committee on the Post Offica nihaa n other countries which gave no bounty. ter course with our readers. We hope it is not The first numberofa new daily paper is issued t theabove sale is further postponed .till
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ nu~ .. ....- ... ,P. wasanswredthattheidvanannoaunntedeiae







Post Roads be instructed to inquire into the expedieccy ot w"s ...b to.the avnewh n necessary to say, to any one of them, that this at Boston, conducted by Joseph "t. Buckingham, Monday, the 15ti Manch, whenit-wi take place
oSe on ngso r ue or e os r o fron Rom to 11 i statement is utterly without the shadow found the editor of the New England Galaxy, under the atthe hour of 10 clock, A. M.
s 'lle .sl.esbetween ovall s the duties they paid ust, and this we had expressly action, other than the disordered imaginings of a title of The Boston Courier.. ar 9- .
rLIVINGSTON id on the tableseve.alcommi ound ourselves todo towardsBntai, and we must keep prejudiced mind. We appeal with confidence to has been ascertained, by the Postmaster SEINES FOR SALE.
I r Olmtion ~u~of Mr. Con. e, tame .se whchtb commreat,-wehad ougaged .ot. t- o. ot ed.s Inor tepstoab yt habed e nathce r.tALoVirginia. PItase EsusRA ILL' h S frsLECTUlRgE SE Eaat








ps mtt1 d taeon The amendment offeredto the section ento give it e testimony f any gentleman in Congress, who General, that there are five hundred and ninety- y eaubscb te has foresee toso large SEINES, adapthr
Reso e was receive, rom theJir yein prospective operation; buttthis was opposed, o e p e it n published in the United States, ein f t I com ere. on mtm nc.iGvo.e togetherwnwith
U citedd Sta by Mr..Everet ground first taken, that, whether prospective or not, it us of the imputation of a practice, which is so di- viz. l the Rope and other Apparatus belonging to the same.
unrese tates, nytl at~r varerence witrhat ouretry know- ue, "o "eun^ 2 G.1 The one is between three and four hundred fathoms iot
strutese.to"inquireintothe oe xpdcy of fo.. .ss .. ..p- would be equally our act, and equally a wolatol of tE e rectly at variance with obs r known rule,.to return In Mainem 12 Geosin 14 length, and esttree .d ft iunere w a no .
bylartes e mpnglone neentyoflany esoexet it e n iaontce ioonti Prrrtess i a uiedte ufrgs-, Ignet a iek Ococinte-Ln








s. act ofJames Me, a rnohe T. treaty; the words of which expressly referred to acts good for evil-to give their due more carefully to New amp,hlire, 11 Ohio 48 o t a new an
of Arkansasfrom the 3da, ofMarch, 18t, to 3d J ufi .t h .sthou l e ss e te a wel asn te c hour unfriends, than to those who are personally Massachusetts, 35 Indiana, t12 "mhatsmaller, ando ha Ten we us Let The w i be t
1813, nenhaving, through a mistake, ate u,h. tb t e ol t a fteters t or politically well-disposed towards us. But let Rhode Isuld, 9 Illinois, 5 sold tupon reasonable terms.. Application to be made
... cb e-mao wy o a drr te eo ofedrawbat,.anhese"w.r... ......... b S us look at the ground upon which the writer of Connectieut, .-- 23 Missouri, 6 to the subscriber at the residence of the late Colonel
a disi ed) cordage, saillcloth, plate, silk, and sugar, and their object the "extract" tounds this charge. He adverts .erYo 13 Tennese, 15 James Fenwick Pomonkey, on Potomac river, Mary-
r HAMILTON, from the Committee on Miltary A was to repay thie duty wih had been paid o the same to a Dbate in the House of Representatves on a New Jersey, 18 Mississippi, 7 ln TERSA W I
fairs, -reported a bill to authorize the sale of unserviceas articleswen imported under a different form.z the proposition to refer the tariff-bill to the Secretary Pennsylvania, 110 Alabama, 10 N. B. All persons having clas ithe te of
enacems, and military stores; which was lai sal elotocanvastwhib includes cotton bagging)and of the Treasury, of which this writer says- .Delaware, 4 Louiana, 8 the late Colonel AMS FENWICK- are desired to
C ^onr onaofsMr.dMOOarc ,of Alabamae it"as nact o Engelvandehit ngibeenpractisedfnram eno"tbuuty, -into espprested oru rrittes bpyt fursWof the NatiI- Virkinia, ende disttrcetof Columbia 8 mrch.9o-p- M the ti. t ed.
a to hatauthreiComin tte ofa ys an d Means be ockr To brnutur sh'leste c;i tyw c askedtwh e-we o the tells it migltt Tonnfloin c iotstonithveheppolbint-ttppUroerly 1h'nsisti ngt ge a t r.
,insruced o -iquied intoetenexp wiediency o',mil 1,i -o ,l hepltcleeaink na t daCin gran ther, tothe.manute actutrersbsh oul athe ebornyti n -gstnt.entsIu that paper resp'cting theFstute ofMr. South Carolina 12 Total, 59
catued- r, esxtr cw er -aal Pfns A pios TEA CHE Rus &#ANc.T he sa4
tap erieopI' theiUniaeuted to threp*a~d-fi, 0f the'os R ad toucrag'temafcura e t ofepotnic cand cpearl ashes n,' e.a~v~nshat, ad he o hepblckwhtrei- T is umeriase todir etadie, winhbehalfoftileor TPeaches'ED









K ~ r h~~ew S1sua cS ^ ?-^ ^ s P^ ^ ^^ l ^ ^^ ; b^ ^ Tisnmbrisaser wih to n r HE subscribers; nbehfof he itzes of this towl
thedn MheliitaaryiRnRoadN s*ill -t NeoOrlansthm sualy calndahoulmpofasthlntha outataatietaifd'otigtonsiour? aheaierdut. onour'temeraee W^ofmintvb phlegiew111h thetheihadercchYpanperd o'SS publllsshehot.eIilhae"el 1 and techheperii.inbishedThrre. dnetirous nof, ae deiros ofenagin eacTh.h
S REVISION OF THE TARIFF. o" t as had, on th toeo othasi ef that bounties though. haie hoer o stton M rs ilnss, inUc are p'iobably, a few scattering papers not yet re- er,.to whom liberaleneouragement wod e vven. It
-o -wise. twa ao noniiitatoutetiu i p n hum ii is as tot n his, tiat him p ortd inontvenipatent on scnepae i- necesand Ptomac. Bride p o Seizaed fsold baen able vto-










The House then resolved itself into a comm ttee of the sometimes given by England to foster navigation, some- thlterst "e o he t *ife."".y1ported o the Departm1nt is teach the Latin and Greek Languages, with the eleten-
whole, Mr CONDICT in the oair, on thebill to amend times to promote commerce, and sometimes to equalnize Whatever wish the writer of tis Letter had tary branches of Mathematics; English, Arithmetic, and
the several acts layDing duties on imports. ae 'natural disadvantages, were, for the most part, intended to see the Debate published, we, who 'did not even MARIED, Geography are implied. A person of middle ae, at
And the question being on the resolution submitted to cea market forher oeimodities, in instance of hear it, could hve no motive for withboldig it. .0n the 4th inst.-by the Rev. Mr. McCormick, Mr. RO- dleaustionewho has some experience in teachingt, of a in-
in ro Se Ot T reu"o this it s sd thatresistn e outy, And Weheredeclarethat, ivecoulahavenupwo ET NORTON, to Miss SARAH MULC.AN, both sdmi t do h. oer ea
,shectionfor h illto hrequ Sired by ahesfo~lui no f tisf lo us ,Prdy wtioh rnto s l h d iso fh rgos :i -P -
ofth 12t ulim, 'n ngtit"ansturhaedpe-rot.rede dssrvcnt apoitcaefvoitserqfuilstedwhchha eerhldinththghstes:pAME'lTOMSOItAto stil eb,










l Tnat from and after the thirtieth day" of June, oie wotd not necessarily protect our manufketures; and if that this Detbaite was. connected with the Pr csi- of Prince George's County, Md. ing for profession., are requested not to app yBtA,.
thousand eight hundred and twenty-four, to the duties on it would, some of these bouhnties were on manufactures, dental Election-thlat it was to "conflict" with Last weAk in Jefferson county, Virginia, by the Rev be expected that applicants bring good recommepda.
a good, wares, and merchandise, hereihbeforeme- which we did not know, and tcotld not, tr hala entry, our "statements" respecting Mr;C. oD' Mr. Bakei, Mr. WILSON M. C. FAIRFAX to'Miss LU tions, and submit to examination i .reqnred. l
collecoteda nd paidtheruollainoomn iin oon0it o -t which ther ds -s t tul ont e as e oo toth e r r Mr. CBoi w i ab t to lse cY ANN GRIFFITH, all of that county. MisM. '.T. MASON
1,,, ien ,, ,-,; 'ate Ihd s ~ 'g X v r3e u t o m n rm ufa tu es "l etds h ofl s n r ttes L A ti g aM n S n aT t 1 r h, y s e s u g ~ u a C .H... E E SO.
of ......flo"n s o... ..... ... h e t "r. .... "." i -'t ... RI AENM. ERSON.


Mtill past 4r.'clock. -.bill, and carr-Ayes 114, NtVNes 66. structed on this subject, suppose that, on the dry 7 clock, on the G ain otossneSr. 171,000 o l 'rs
one foutho p s r toWe LaR et e MsIenate, subject of bar iron, cotton baggi, and so forth, will be drawn from the wheel f the
LETTe, OSS i ERCEry oLVew re C s an any thing was to be urged, with the intention of Admission to non subscribers one dollar each Le" n NEW YORK
LENG STEVENSON, and FOO 1, of Connecticut, and ea mendt t oe e tsetiontto it enteringg disservice, to our political favorites," ture; Lads and Gentlemen under 12 years of age, 50 ITER T OTT T
opposed by Messrs. CLAY, STEWAr T, and TOD, eta e Wate c. o t o f 'e entu i by shewing that Mr. CwAwrops had not perfect- cents. .SIXT c S u1n H^rs
. .- ia prot spect raw paterion, usd ethel w oportedar teee t .ooi togther-with


. a ee toa e c th e er a nle s tenO e ou t An tM t ed a ntitled'an act for the esta- b s t another mater. A friend MASONI e rt the
..t ..k t enth y to.seeo wo so e o n at, v of nisnt o f as ,tatwe sc praosin the county of proeed s ieo n oufrpr a estien whi ch is d so t ur. GeItiRi of tu rae R l oAt re 0 atDOOas i





-,^ ... ...... .. A aud S a:f s l ost.' pi doct, of d He o aul ss ha wedonventeoa e H. .ute he rin astoA c prHalloo, s t c en Tuesday 200o O DOO"
.charged w.th no more duty than those coming from oth- s11 act to enable the holders of French, Br itis, and the benefitt of ay other of our frelsds who mte march 5- Grandsecretar 20 Ef 600 DO h 7ARS
.ercountie4. But, o s England grants to her exporters a Spanish titles to la.ds within that part of the State of wish to know why they have not appeared, viz: oclc t 7 00' DOL
*boUnty on certain articles on which other coutryes. Losiana situate to the east of the Mississippi River and That those proceedings have not come to our e
rant none, and this section proposes to increase in all island of New Orleans which ht, ve not vl t g w teo ait *i thtr inow r etio n Iof tsn te UNAWAYo. o besides a great many od 1o la, g50, 10, &c. &c.
theeUtitedactstes JameslMillntrkasDGstrmt. n -ytshwing thnt48rmade, wut af ad notnper.&cottonntsi...
latter~1 wetwonofrdaemes,whIch were not An1 driewMitchouldbeceassed." 'futu"enasiwelmintites; whiichwIllb Is hbiedontherislsowe-'












18e13 o ,ndbeh fr ,t hercu e g h ea mis t k ,a ted str i m oe o it s h ld bicenitnen Tht wed onlac 'tao t.Im'w"


.ises nooun detatien by th ose a wo haond, s the t orf othe oe s he tof Tn pene rposlitica welldsoe ou afe se du so m suerprin, yetherdtat whc we av d e asd jo ed m en a on tse co retsobe theray Ro ypryatio tbet om
,-strikei c oun tais somwetione y the Prewsi .etat itoroea l Ake at th rounvtdaiypon ha ich the w ric e we ae off as a"runaway, c.t 23d day o ur y lasto a ber at
.. P P .byth Snae,(whchwarmededasapt ermon lrthe D8tr ent o oumbia, 1wiJambe h eld 10kmOnk -e-,o oomcrvrMr-
,iion, \vii iectn n1metofntrtoit r dat' e,,nsaicloathorizpnathe, ResiadsugarofdtheiLandobject h e xtract"dnsoundsthearisbuhrge.Con aventso.H i VsenMsncHli hscto usa 0 OI.,
e' e impo r ted' ino) hi* cunryfion BItinwsall to r e p ayntcer dtyi ad liswhich ha inbeen said Ditesatric."tohe (baeneit fan y therHo seofRepr esrentaivs w o nma N w Yok 17 Te n s .s NGee 1 ad
4,hrg d i.'ch no o e d Cttyith n t eo e o noMi litarymot-An? at' toen blethJhldessfy, 1c Brtihindsissippi,"[ 7.Z.
a ir c o u nr ie 0 t e d. B i f auth osiEn g l a n ds alrea tf t o e r e x o r er s S a n s h i ls t l n d w t f t a t p a t orto pta eos is h t io k n to w r e fh rt h e y h a r i f -b iln o t epp e a r e t a r y e n n s l vamac h1 10-A l ab a m a ,e a r 1o- 1 0 N~r T ~ q
.bof t I crairice onhchohr pcountri Nes. Lo isi n a ppitaedbto t ohe neastofthe Msisepiviz:erhand That ,admliaysoes hc aslio the oseasuryof hchdin s ha rintersas--DlaaetoourRUN WA. L -ubsiadesatgreatemn o Co5l 2,&e
grn onad hssetm puoest nces-i l Isln o!ewOlawhc1av1otbe regTzdhans o'ae witOeo ebanoteruponformatqusion wfths M.aryadS 2MciaIpeet hm rpryatet~ d
-Raes olved, Thatbythe Camiutte of Whabunysiandtea ns byte Gon vaeri y hn gintgothe UnamedSfithesbouinstyinutepo-a uresult orofith t Cnent b ntheaEdtoar wihsehaeW ofomitd othe Njtioalofl-WNortnCarlnneun10y, Ticke9-ts 8 ob a h~gets ait fhm
,istuthed touintry ui' r weinto thie goeieofsmakeingorte d rawts ac.u sTo tringthe vasedi homle,e it_" as.... ........ a runaway, t netheperhadayitfmigbruary last, awberstat I


.opera tion iliW ebet harg~e such English goodsalready pu.--sed- f........ e w.....n.....
operation will, in fact, be to charge such English goods And then the House adjourned, already published, for which we were indebted to Negro Woman, named MARY. She is very black, has TYLER'S TE"VPlEP- OF PORTUiNE
with a higher duty tan articles of the same kin brought the civility of a Representative in Congress, who- a long face and thick lips; she is about 5 feet 5 inches. T 'ennIylvania Avenue, Washington Gity
fomelse 63ere ; andi it will, therefore, break the treatN,Z5PiylaaAvne VsngoGt.
fron elsewhere ; and it will, therefore, break the treaty orall, cmmuncate, ;t tou. n high, about 22 years of Hge, has no scar. Had on when Where the Cash can be obtained for prizes as soon as
And comprmit the faith and honor ofthe nation. In the proceedings on the Tariff Bill on Saturday last, orally communicated it to us. committed, a yellow striped cotton frock. She says dWhere the be btaed for prizes as soOn as
To this, i was replied, that the principle ot this sec. Mr. BAYLIES moved to amend the bill by raising the One thing leads on to another ; and, speaking she belongs to r Samuel Gore of Baltimor e ounty ra rsfr an art of the United Stat, r
0 ofturcshe bofotge to MrsbSamConvention, weaEt-eoreminded The ownersofrsaidarunaway is equestedtto comeeandpattende
tion being, like that of the rest of the bill, to protect the proposed duty on "Epsom Salts" from three to fourcents of the Harrisburg Convention, we are reminded The owner of said runaway is requested to come and attended to es, promptly
domestic industry of this country, by prevent; g the for-. per pound. .. of the National Caucus, and of a Speech upon prove-property, pay charges,%and take her away, or she Trickets for sale in the MARYLAND STATE LOT.
oeign article to be brought into the marketat s-ch ,price Mr. REED, of Massachusetts, expressed his the subject of Caucusses, just published, which will be released according to law. TERY, it 15; also in the WASHINGTON MONU
as to destry our own manufacturer, that oject could wish that the amendment .might prevail. He observed, was delivered in the Legislature of the State of .V. WEARINGEN, MEN and UNIVERSITY LOTTERIES, at 10 each.
ever he asained, and thes whole bill must by rendered that considerable quantities of Epsom Salts were now North Carolina, by Mr. FISHER, with whom, march 9-wSw Sheriff, march 9-.-.3t W R\


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7-*: '*"IL


----_-_.... ..._... _....-.--.. -- --.... Ma. : wha had beeti dove for that ciara.cter, oeor o-,n.i would be used; if this were excluded then, to the former as the latter. Mr. H. said, he confessed dtt
lE'I IiG 'lTi' E ,T EN -I IO t\ 14 P i 'S and he foinionlv two riiemsu it to compensatel him ir ) its whole extent, it does come in competiiion with ours. le had nu interest in adjusting the separate claimswhich
ElHilt.El EN l f i iC ON 'G11_r Ei 6. all the res these were the duty on wool, and the duly e i The duty now proposeI, was not a prohibition Tihe conllicting monopolies might put in ; hlie had risen to
on tallow. As to wool, hlie was sorry to hoar that wool article would still be ini)porTed, though in less quantity, point out n inconsistency in the arguments of thefriends
HOUSE OF REPRIESEN I'ATIVES. mean enough co, I not be raised in this country. Fo.: Itwould operate eod.cIrtly, and that was just hat the ofthe bI).', tfor he might say, thla, in voting eitlur against
himsl-; he' should conclude that tlhe better thle wool, :gricuhur:st wanted, li ..as to him we ought to look, or in favor of amending the section, he gave his suffrage
T"'fJSRDAY, MAncI 4. the better would be the article made out utf it. Gentle t'rogout the whole or tis bil; but we could only vithout bias; for, in whatever way the dluty on wool was
men, vwh-o understand manufactures, tell us, that the 'reach hihn through thei manutieturer. Gen.lenn have nmodifid, it would be unimportant to the interest ofthose
DEBATE ON 'HIE WOOL DUTY*. atten.dment will benefit.tne farmer, because lie canlt shewn great anlxi(tIy ls: uie dut.y should ilnjure the poor. he represented: fbrifthe duty on the manultured fabric
The House being committee of the whole on the make wool mean enough ; but if y o 1 will only protect NMr. M. said he alsi was a mend and an advocate of the j was retained, the planters of the South would make their
bill for revision of the Tariff- the growth of wool by duties, any quantity of it can be poor ; but le vouhi d amt them by givu'g then employ- own .|.V I.c,,, for their slaves, for the maukracture of
Mr. TOD, Chairman of the Committee of Ma- raised. It is a product easily extended. The amount ient; it'te dut? shoul;, fur a uine, increase tile prce \,hiclthe materials, consisting partly of wool and partly
nu.actures, moved t. amend he first section of the bill, mglt be d doubled in two years, and where you raise fine of coarse lolien ..'oouds, it k would, in the same proportiol of cottll, were to be found in abundance in the interior
by allering the minimum cost of in,ported woollen cloths wool you raise coarse on the same sheep. Exclude the I increase the employ nie.t o1 the poor, who were to b.i economy of most of their plantations-a necessity ta
oi wliich duty of3o0 per centum ad valore nis pr!)posed coarse bad wool from abroad, anld ou will soon have a them. But, whose voice is it, that speaks on :.ins ioor which grievous duties would unquestionably drive
to be imimosvd,'rom n80 cents to 40 cents, and striking out better article. It i: aid, the coarse r must be imported tor the poor ? Tihe voice of tile capitalist, whio owns then: Mr. H. said, hlie could not but be surprised at the
tie subs,-uent clause, which fixes the "inimunm for flan- because we can't raise it; but what was saidwhen the duty large flocks and iar'gce fIactories. Ie tears the poor-ahe unlocked for moderation and generosity of the chairman
niels, baizes, and other unmilod woollen cloths exceptt on iron was under discussion? The gentleman from por lurner and the poorly manufacturer may come in of tie Conmnittee on Manufactures, for which, hlie said,
carpets and blankets) at 40 cents Pennsylvania told ns they can't make it because it sells comIIpeution wil lhimself ; it is ftor hnselt li e speaks. lie bad no doubt that gentleman hail the best reasons,
'Mr. A lRTIN)JALE, of New York, opposed for only eig-hty dollars a ton, and he wants to raise tine r. Al. considered it as a principle ot universal truth and although Ie chose to keep them to himself.
this amendment. He said, that the friends of the bill price to S140; but the same argument will apply to i application, that where 'the productg power exists, pro- Mr. TOD observed, in reply, that he began
were taken by surprise by such a motion Thc and wool. There are memorials against the dut, i o en tect g duties will cause the article to be product .,n to have hopes of getting the suplpor of the gentle-.
'lent went to after the whole character of tlie bill, by who raise it greeat many sheeep, but they are men who cheaper than t eio'e. Gentlemen who advocate the .. ,, Sout Carolina, for the whole bill-for all tile
iT o w"tt o O e1 c . .a n t a d m o st v u ab l e o w n a t t h e s a m e t im e l a r g e m a n u f a c L r i n g e s t a b l is h a m e d n n t s e e m n o w t o f o r g e t t h e p o l i c y o f E n g la n d e s e s : th t e i l lk e o r o n t a u
rks To^he labor of the co ry, toroerly occupied in l luents, and take on themselves the nast e of farmers, just which is to break down our manufactures by everypracy e s B h gentleman is mistaken if he sup-
comnerce and riculture, h as, by the reduction of as another class of manufacturers take upon tlem the cable means. Wdil se regard this small duty ? No ; poses that t same arguments apply to wool as to iron.
those great national interests, been thrown cut of' e. nae of erchants. The cities to the Eastiard she wI, pou r mI e nauctures upon us, so long as she The sheep which produce tis wool are raised in ..
ploy,_ aiidwants occupation. No manufacture aids the i re full of them. They are capitalists; that is their cal sell theo, for any tillngonure t n tne uty. tute country that is aIiayts warm, and they have a quite dif-
ariner more than t ose thes staple pof which consi o i tle I Th t th money into t hatever to P ro ct our far ters, t tthe ay beg, a systo fietnt cvcring fiom sheep which live in a Northern
woo l a rodu et ea sily r sed easily ex t nded, a nd f o l wI 'rin g them r the best returns. But these were k hom e supply. It is at the begm mng em p,,aticaly tha co ntry, or any country w iere the heat is int errupted by
hel na facture of' wlh I e emeb ai int auni- .not to e e-.ard oiln the interests of the t arner. To this protecticuon is needed. Gentlemen say we mIust 1not 1 c so any cotry w er the a nt 0thoub
dance le hoped the chairman, and the friends of him, this tariff is a bitter pill. Do give l"ia a little tax coarse wool because we cannot now supply the de-a I fo ri selasomnui tures, I am not such a friend thog.
tlhe bill would act on the conviction of their own gold on the outside, just to cover it, and take ofil and; but \re are suIpplying that demanat with a sub them asidl to ishem in spite of Nature hersrIf. I shalt
judgment, and not by yielding to that of others for the some o the bitter taste. The Peope i n isnct tsttuae-w ixCottocttte mpt b wool abrcsand this protecting duties, to produce whale oiE
sake of c onciliation jeop 'urdi se or sacr fe the m ost va could m ak carpets at their fire.s.de, and nobody con,.- ait n e uft to all ou r soutr't'he r country. Sure ly, i L is iattmn p t f t ,j A l le gany mountains.
hlalleparts of the system Ot protection. The proposed planned thiat Like." coould not get xwool mean enough' It ht, l whehn thie IOnalacturer. asks of1[ the finer to buy. The question being taken, 'Mr. TRACY'S amendment
ty would not operate to raise, but to dimiish, the labor is to be protected, let it be protected. Dou gi.ive his cloth, tie ikaner s:oultd ask in return that tne man was not arei That ofr TOD was carried -an
price, assimlar duty had opeatedoCoarseCos.it a 1 ss niarket than it has already. ;iicis, we all know, t'acturer will take his wool. then the Committee rose.
This was a sort of fabricwith which American manufac sand onl by commerce. The ground onil which they Mr. INGHAM observed, that some allusion .....
T11s couldeaot of fbl, th stand, is (i ten gobd !or little. The great city of New itjad b-len made -" -'.. .'iterests t" gentlemen on the '
B 3e m d e s 'l y 6 1 1l l t h e m a r k e t .g e t e e o i t e I L I G O F A R E UD P I C S
tuMr. INGHAM, of P nIvania, considered '9'1 the Dutchlien fist saw it, vas a fin, place subject uddr d, ., def h,-lie must deny SELLING OFF AT REDUCED PRICES!
', t,,.i. 'calals no, and that was Ml But, New York ilt Ipropriety of such allusions. All of' the members-
the item, now proposed to be altered, as a very Import- C ,.,.....,I,. .,
.the item, no. propose o b altered, rasb a very pot- cnsumesJ,0 eof our, ad 8U0,000 re ex- have an interest, direct or indirect, ior what is done here, !1|en t, subscriber, intending decline the retail busi-
ant part of" thlebill. Its enefct vouldt be to r ~ aie the' ,II I ,,s.sc.ber.in.ndn ,_ ie th reail ,.i
.an ar te l eo D to". ". u.1te'. Tth ct turnish a market for the armer- whether they be merchants, manu.Fctu ers, or agricul- i..ss, offers now his stock of "DRY GOODS, at very
pce to ,e cosume ithouthbeaetn of lo's u Call the gentleman from Penhsylvania conjure 1 bile lel- tunsts, aii thev ,, ere justified in presntimg .to thile con- reduced prices, and will sell the greater part of them at
.rer. bwhihe tthe mninutn would l e lt open io- f ia into tM anchester ? and New York into a Slinig- sVdration of the IHouse the severa; Imterests which will be prime cost, for<'ash.
ton, by wilham? Let him tdo it. Yet it was not minanuiactrIs afi'ected by its acts. Ile made this remark as a general The goods were purchased, priicipally, last Fall, at
discusstion. ,-ln, yonei whichli supported the farmner. Fifty or sixty- one, and nut because lie thoug' thle remarks of the ho- the New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore Auctions,
Mr. T t gh here wa way il iH thousand tmilies were occupied in the fisheries- norable gentleman fairly applied to hun, when he said and consisted (alphabetically) of the following arti-
to ascertain the views ot the members on this part of and. reckoning five for afaniily, these amount to a quar- that there was a combination of manufactures under the cles, viz.
tile a llubut bhatkingCa votesHa cetubina ion of no u as
tlie bill but'by taking a vote. He certainly had no wish ter ofa million. They alleat as much as a man who at- mask oft wool growers. 1-le had little or no interest in Bandannas, Straw bonnets
to see this clause stricken out; but he had ma le the nW's a cotton jenny, and the jenny eats none. The the article of wvool, as lie owned but a hundred Merino Bombazettes and Bornbazines
motion in consequence of an assurance given him by se- New Englad farmers and the Pennsylvania farmers say, sheep, whichh hle kept more for amusement than profit. Calicoes, of great variety.
veral leading members, now in opposition to the bill, let us alone," except so faras your-bill is mltended for H, th(uglht it the' interest ot the consumer that the duty CARPETINGS, viz.
that, if this feature were removed, they would support revenue. This, Mr. L. insisted, is the legitimate subj-ct should be reduced. The only effect of a'heavy duty on Brussels, Imperial, Venetian, and Ingrained
the residue, and he wished the frieudsof the plan to re- for consideration. Gentlemen had often been asked, coarse wool would be, to throw all who are now engag- Carpet bindings
member that a bill which attained only a part oft fire ob. how the deficit in the revenue was to be supplied ? It ed in manufacturing the raw material into coarse gods, i Cambrics, linen and cotton, very cheap
ject desired, and which passed the House, was better must be either by a land tax or an excise. Will gentle- entirely out of employment, and there were not less Cassinets
than a bill ofthe most finished and perfect torm that did men say they mean to lay a direct tax ? Tiey will say thltn 10,000 spindles thus occupied. Were not the Cassimeres, viz. black, blue, mixed, buff, green & drab
ot asu no such thing ; they tell usi. wdill be time enough to mariners interested in feeding this body of men ? Where Cloths, superfine and second, of almost every de-
.ir. TRACY, of New-York, expressed his re- apply a remedy, when the disease has grown desperate, manufactures flourish.the th ners flourish. scription
gret thatthis amendment should have proceeded from I don't like this. One. object of the Federal Union was 'Mr. CAMBRELENG said, he rose merely to Canton and Italian Crapes
the honorable Chairman againsthisownbetter judgment. to pay the debt of thle United States; the debts were rpiy o the argument of tie gentleman from Penn. (Mr. Checks, linen and cotton
Y' rpf ;otoeartu~entot he fetlenalanfji'lpo llen. (jMr. Checks, linen and cotton
It certainly aimed a blow at the most important item in enormous, and this new government was to pay them ,. -gham,) in hiss rejection oi the duty on wool. Ile says, Corsets and corset laces
the whole bill. He believed the country is fully able to Now, we are told, the national debt is a bagatelle ; w,' atthis interior wool will not be raised in the country ; Cotton and silk cords
raise allthe wool it needs. He hoped the motion would is not it paid, then ? It is not diminished any I would and, ther,'fore,it is not.wise to prohibit the importation. Handsome blue and green table covers
be withdrawn. Ifit wasintended as compromise with give more for a motto uttered some time ago, by a g.o- Now, i this is a g-od argument, wly not apply it to Diapers, Russia, domestic, and Irish
the..opponents of the bill, the honorable chairman might tleman from nirginia, i Mr. lRandolph,) than for all such h en, rThe Navy Commissioners can't use American. Dimities
find that, while hlie won over a few of them to his.side,he al.rguments. Pay your debts," said lie, and his wnords litemp, because it is bad ; and then, thile gentleman says, Elastic drawers and shirts
at the same time lost many of those who were now its fell on nmy mind with great force Let us pay first, and ,lay o a prohibiiorv duty. How can both these argu Drllings
supporters. thel tamper with the revenue ; a source of supply that ments stand? He'nowsa s, if a duty is laid on coa1se FRINGES, viz. cotton, silk, and worstled, of great
Mr. BAYLIES, of Massachusetts, hoped the calls for almost no expenses in its collection, and always wool, a if'erent article must be substituted Just so .is. variety
amendment' would not be withdrawn. He did not be- gives us more tian we expect. When the gentleman bill will operate in the anicle of linens-it will not lower 'lannels, white, red, and yellow '
lieve this country possessed (at least not at present) the made hismotion to strike off this little gilding from t"he tl, iceo: lines, but will supply their place by cottons. Ginghams, gallons, green gauze
capacity to raise its own wool; and, if we cannot get it pill he has prepared for us, 1 could uot think himn se- Mr. INGH M replid. The galtleman a- .loves, white and colored Woodslock, beaver, kid,
at home, we must get it from abroad. He thought the ous-yet he appears considerably so-1 hope ne may yet gre wit i buGhe measure propdsed- is it n ot and silk
m l: -g'ees Within e about the nllwasure proposed: is it not a dsl
duty left by the amendment would be sufficient to keep recant. His argument seem to be this-we can't get, at srange that he should take i !is occasion to find out some Eandkerchiefs, black and colored silk, cotton, arid
out of the country those fabrics which the gentlemen home, coarse wool at the present price, therefore, let us t linen-Do gauze
haddesribedas m~te ofvmoll l ras grond up lindget i fromabroa, anOtherrispointprin -whichwoweotdeisagreen wichew disaree ?He fidsotet som line--Doggauue
had described as mide of woollen rags ground up, and get it from abroad, and not raise the prices when wool argument of mine is at ar with i aoher argument Hsiery, viz. silk, cotton, Angola, and worsted
which would scarce endure a punff of wind without fall is now about a shilling a pound. Sir; it ought not to be thought forward on this sid, (but which is not mine ) Tiread laces and bdgings, very cheap
ing to pieces. The minimum at 40 cents would, in his disguised, that, now-a-days, manufacturers are every e then assumes that IUsed it, and nxt accuses e of Coch laces and.trimmings
in t e ut ta"la o"V adevr bd 'else are nobossdy, This .so. is the casecsesul of' T~
opinion, be sufficient for the present. We must attain a nody, and every body else are nobody. Tins is the case, inonsistency. I never said any thing about the hemp Iris linens and lawns
maximum by degrees. especially in thestate I come from. But, is the course duty. The hon. gentleman seems kindly to assume o scarlet, crimson, and blue
Mr. M-KIM went into a calculation in figures, the propose, practicable? They can't doit-the Poor uu~y{ ,e, gentleman seems "u"'y to assume Mnsl-ns, viz. book, mutl, andjaconet
and insisted that the bill would diminish the importation can't protect themselves against the rich-against the wishd that the qestio on the Nankeens, blue, yellow, and striped
of woollengoodsonehalf; that the revenue would lose wealthy few; thesee will supply what the others try to- i ot Plaids, domestic and Scotch
at least 800,000 dollars ; the minimum at 40 cents was protect. two parts of tie amendment might be divided..Pasteboard, pins
equal to 73 per cent;whatore was wanted for a pro Thecotton manufactures in Pennsylania and Ohio, are The chairman pruioun:ed this not in m order Ratits
equal ? p to be protected,,it seems, by an exclusive duty. Well- Mr. TRACY then moved to amend the amend- Muslinrobes
Mr T HA AN f Pnnlvania su ort- exclude thlm--nd what follows ? Why, the wealth of menit, by substitutig 8 tor 10 cents, as the price at the Rtibbotig, reticules
StMr. BUiHANiAN, of Pennsylvania, support- the Eastern capitalists will supply the article,and under- place whence imported. Seersaekers shawls
ed the amendment, as a measure proper in sef, and sell you, do what y ou will. You will compete with Bos- Mr. McKIM opposed this alteration. He said, Irish 'i fine Russia sheetings
calculated to promote allspirit omutu al conci ation ton, insteadof England-that will be all tile gain to you. that no wool could be purchased so low as 8 cents-and Domestic, bleached nnd unbleached do
Thoprser dut o w e goodt is 5 per int u Gentlemen seem to speak.at random. Do they not know hlie read statement of the prices at which the article Silks; viz. black and colored sarsnets and senshaws
opposed by the amendment, is40 cent s peT square that between 3 and 4 millions of dollars have been I. had been imported He though the object of the mov- Flornces, satins and levantines
oyserdfc ar e bai o s4centstrlin era valoriem ve6tednl manufacturers I lie State of New Hampshire- er could only be to defeat the amendment. Sliois, suspenders, tapes
a yrdf corse batcsts 8dsterling; the ad valore and yet, not one of these manufacturers has urged, a Mr. TRA CY said, if no wool could be pur- Tic.ings, umbrellasp
duty as itdment, it wis el am l nt o 0per cent. ; without duty o. woollen or cotton. They know their interests sliased ,as low as 8 cents, he should then doubt the ex- Sii, cotton, and woollen vestings
we were not yet ready for a prohibitory duty on coarse too well. Al that ou do w1l only rundown the small pediency of the amendment first proposed-in that case, Sowing, weaving, and knitting yarns, &c. &g.
woolens; to which article the arg cose establishments for their advantage. He hoped the Con the article needed no exemption. He had certainly / THOMAS W. PAIRO,
cottollens did not appyr beeausi e e ottogum wants abundant se ittee woul.i cover the pill with a little sweet-and been told by manufacturers that they sometimes bought F street near the Branch Bank.
cottons did not apply, because cotton was abundant after beguiling te farmer by one or two les, get him to aee -dtwt
wool was not. The amount imported last year, was support the bill till it is too late to oppose it, and then it at,6 cents. If,^ a /
1600,000 lbs. worth $340,000. By going too rapidly, r a rn nleavehi.Mr. ,.cKlv, explained.
1 1 b pressinthe system, weshall injure both the consumer Mturn Wr IHun ddnot d bt le gntle.. n Mr. MoLANE believed that the question wa I Marshal's Sale of Valuable Land.
and the manufacturer. If the raw material was abun- Mr. WRLtHT o.ldd not doubt te .gentleman not .understood If the bill passes, the duty on the raw ... .
fromNewHanpshre ad ade vey ecelentspechI VjjI I .-At a Superior Court of Chanceryneld i
dant, he should oppose any reduction of the minimum : from New Hampslre had made a very excellent speech, ....il "will ountervail the duty on foreign goods- V i',-At P S 'o o y,
but at present he should advocate the amendment, t whe e he sat it was impossible to hear one word ofthe d uty will come on the consumer. This article of .au O the 8th "December, 1818 between Wil.
but at presen he shouldeadocaterthe amedment.nTier, hismarticleoo
Mr. TOD observed, that the Committee of it. He took thle question now tobe, Whetherw shall coarse ool only concerns the bric of negro cloths l ifm and SuMorr Morris, an Thod William Jas o ins ton,
Manu*aetures h"ad '- i useth reatstdiignc e ^ ino riose wool ourselves, or let foreigners raise it. for us ? .*Thatcloth is now mnie cnut of wool that costs from ten ton tols, ., ran, Thomas Buffington,
Manufactures had used the greatest diligence in collect- whether we are in a situation to supply the m tufacto- ent a sn A hil dut w illob i ^e^he merica Edward Clary, and otlers,'Defendants.
,n ntration, not only fro ite mmbrs of this. .... ,z ,,, ,.,u. wucuc ,t'n i .."...
ngu inorttth ries withthis article, and, it so, whether we shall draw ND it furtherippears to the satisfaction ofthe Court,
H0s bt ro ersosinvriu case f h oin-.t. .=.Iau at'e osbsiuea finer cloth for the coarse ar- : P
Stbhornrsos e ulyde he sea the supply of it from abroad? He thought the answer tile, and then the foreigner comes in and supplants A that the defendant Edward M'Carty is entitled to
units whose interests were involved astino the point al was easy. Look, said Mr. W. at the pohey pur.ued by hi. It is never politic to tax a raw material, unless to i' No. 5, composed of two fractions assigned by said,
ws if .thebill. Some doubt existed as to the point at. l. 11 "".,."cents around e u is grot to tax teis .'kind of wool co ssioners one of the original paentees. The Court
d Anthe min mi on coarsee wooer lleoughtby going too e w ,thee be some reduction n on is not produced here-s, that, under pretece ofenou- dotr hr- tundther before adjudge, order, and decree, that the pos-
d. t- And thhe Committetee o w ileni antbyong too woollen rags intended to make cloths to be sent to the raging, manufactures, you deprive the manufacturer of passion of said lot No. 5, composed of two fractions, be
fardise ts sucol Bi f severalof is fren s had ex- United States,) but she does not utop hlre; she prohil- the very material on which he is to work. The Ameri- rendered to the said Edward M.Carty; that the fee sim-
ressed is .to hav time for farther deibesrin he- bits the exportation of wool, or of sheep, under a lleavy can farmeraises woolfrom a mixed breed of sheep, and ple interest be vested in him, and that he be quieted in
pressed awintsh to have time for farther deliberation, penalty. She considers the woollen manufacture her the very coarsest of it costs 20 or 30 cents. But the the possession thereof. And it further app aring to
Mrwould consenD tohen moved tod amend thie third sec taple nte est; and they give to their ag cultuns the foreign i raised by the wan lering shepherds of Buenos tle Court, trom th e evid -nce exhibited by said Ed-
Mr. TOD then moved to amend the third sec- exclusive supply of their manufacturers. So great is the Ayi.es and the boors of Sweden. The wool is essentially ward M'Carty, that ne redeemed all the land embraced
tion of the bill by making the annual increase of duty on anxiety in England to support this manufacture that, by ifeior. There are other kinds of wool raised amongst us, in ii said grant of 28,627 acres, which lies in the state
unmanufactured wool more gradual, and by adding aa law, the dead are obliged to be buried in woollen, and wch ought to be protected-the Merino, the common,. of Virginia, by paying .e direct taxes for which the said
proviso That all wool, the actual value of which, at the first law officer of the crown sits on a wool-sack andthatofthe mixed breed. He would put one act lad was sold, together with the expenses and charges
the place whence imported, shall not exceed 10 cents when presiding in the House of Lords. to the gentleman front New York, (Mr Tracy ) it has attaching to saidhsale, ,mounting to $207 83, at1 the rate
per lb. shall be charged with a duty of 15 per cent. ad In France the same policy is pursued. Even during the been stated that this coarse wool costs at the outside 20 of two per cent. per acre, except so much a. lies within,
valoremn, and no more. Revolutioin, while homes and sanctuaries were pillaged, cents. There is no wool raised here at less that 25, and the lots N',. 32 33 34 36 49 50 5.1 52 53 55 56 57 7 37
Mr T. stated that the committee had learned that ob- and all rights ofproperty wantonly disregarded,one thing e stofita 0 ents. From whence are you ge 43 44 45 47 8 59 60 36 17 14 28 9 40 23 and 5, as
sections existed to this part of the bill, both among tle was guarded-it was the flock of merino sheep at Rabe two millions of pounds of tFis o.rse wn It would e laid down by the said commiss0 ers, in there port aore,-


mmoanufatrersmn Ge rmaisers onShepIssbct apared itivs -thi e m t- painedunarmed through lltermet s ormy two eilion c punds Manufacturers and te raisers of saeep It appeared h is; this remained unared through all the stormy te 600,000 sheep and would take 8 or 9 ears. at i sa id, the owners paid to the United States the amount
thcat c oarser wool was wanted than any rased in this snccession of governments that prevo.iled in that coun- becomes ofyour tmanufacturers in the teaniwhilel "rt f r trit direct tax due thereon. It therefore appears to
t ila kd ofcase goods negro try. Sch t weare th views of European Statesmen on are gone nd, when the Wool comes, there is nobody the Court reasonable, that the sa d Edward M'Carty
cloths &c.) and that that species oft wool may be procur- tis matter. But cain we raise wool enI h in Iits cou- wo ts itt. o a a l o n s l b e ll
ed sometimes for 8 and sometimes as low as 6 cents a try for the SppyI of otnYactories ? Look at our exe- Mr. HeA MITcTONl said phe rco tomis e a singblle reimbursed, the money thus expended: In consideration
pound, whileithe lowest Mpiced Anerimanforsts cents trienue theUr least war-bwe id then raintse ouglst'a eose va len t r dthw daisnt con m te to e t ohe s b Clariteryof, ste ct doth.n wchther adiudge order, andl
S Mear. Mchif rom Sout Amicale ft(,e h ai n c ot t Weet they whle vemd-ollrn mnfocweres tplhv edndmo d yteNortWster ed to ae lu owner of ach h>e l wilyl be wumm sclt



x -ws or iteret t chris a cmmecia conectonas weny-fie i comerc; adatteituded a cof athcutu qutsw tionetalseenotre th th geermlmitteepaytAe muetsde, ith he nteesttheron...dth,
.a memorial fram Germantown on this subject-and it vast ex, ntl bnt peace came-tthe government refused u e e It w as roep o yv satrevmmisy nverisd ath wieandtl
'as reavd. protection to the wool growers- f',rteign wool was pour taon ulay m lusang, to ceitave, lean or h- c ont d-i a ua t, t-stat e[ ,vgtma.exe~pt t Ne.,wnrsa -tne
:.Mr. CLARK, ;.of;'.NY, made some remarks ed into the country--theflocks -were; di~ipated-.-.they ,..:.*,F-v-< -. os lcv sp;c ally enuemerated, pay to the said Edward
Which the. Reported was. not kfotunate enough to tea or disappeared .*part o eto exported to o ther ad wiserAs v..th, there had be oertauv all sthe wolto el.rt,., at the .rte of two ceus or every acre clu-.
;distinctly. countries, pa't" were sent to the shambles. And now -ulets^ "Those who lied" ed .-. c within suchl lOtS, (as ascertsined by the report or said
M r. IN GHAM advocated the amendment. we are told we can't raise enough. Sir, to my per- g pursuu' u gon eftior nep oowes h old ctmisoee, wit .ners t.e'o ....'al f
He hsort toif cr wool ht bd bxcleded fro f d,., al_ sonal knowledge we dont use all th'lt is now raised, two entle- monopoly of the elll coul be adoer cent. ero to ee emEn or th ove near, ihon, and extcut,
importation'r ; ,t employed a large uum o addtlloal entire sens, t.. nt orel ae cy ownlyt K "uu8ot^"i th West- H. s "e d- ot s an "r before the nrst day o July, 1819; ,md in default
.spindles, without in the least 'nterf'ering With ran. native ; Phdhulelpia? New York, ldtB ?stneV y i Bngeto the pri --ncip.lr. of the omupromiowse e .fteeo- bill...... by' n{'t. .a~ ..".aevn-t>.-Mr hlo h
products) a m million of pounds w ere im or d .t ,e lust e t m anu niieturcrs on i e sea' oaia a'e m e c a ltiS also, e u v l ni i- n dit r n .. ....r w eOreIo to be C lia cer ... .c .t..wi h h s i le h l
Year, chiefy fro eol1 Ameic, .Will WnlcT country it whr '. '^ 11^ 2 arlage alld Souln, wuyue^Non~ru an(1 Western l"o a11 thel a um l(l oon d e a.1l witbtet l1 est h '~~n
a-wa our interest to cherish a co mr cial c o" etin as I twenty-five in corn ere L .t tl, tor t e sake ot thiat eom- t^tri t wer no as e tild inte g eal i. oW ""d w t th te st tlereon, and th.
nshe furnishes a market for many of ou r nmtatnfatres, ,.n!-rcc, tn1e orb it[n*e. o1. 'w al .e :, .t is 10 .' h. ..... .. .. .hi ..de "" Itow s 0ts o,,t~e, (havt ng prey onsly adv'ertsed te time and,
:and, if she can return her native p~rodnctions To- t'hem,,*^ ... itl s a ponlcy [or us topursue ." fro.P tu u.n t ue. into- cet" ^tain. amu"sln" to p"erceive-, how readi llV," wlien eon- ,ae or al.tot, at cost'eight. weeks, in tne. National mo.
w ill- con *ti e .. .nd increase '- dea nd... H e .. .. ..i i r tor f ra strq)~ ot, cou ntr y sixty m ile an ro m r h e ^ ~ v n e the Atlann ,ents of t.ose o ppe to tle.. w lole telhigeicer, printed n the C ity of W ashington, and th e.
_tis sort ofwool had better be. freed fi'om duty altog'e.-t i v....... I le tl )lic intended b entlem'" mono"poly of tlhe hill, could be adopted by tlhe gentlemen Eqirer, "rne .. t'. ofUcmn) an 'eue
tiler--at all events, it was better that we should iumport | .'"', ",llls ,l .'l lc .. .. by^ w adv6.'atinig the interests of' the m'ant'taturer Even the adIe Yt Ppca 'arat to th pucas--rp
tin a raw ...... .han ". a manufacturedfrm. l eieto mbe t avwTthe, ; o en ly sy h li wrs, to flo e gentleman from Delaware, (Mr. McLane,) to wliom, 8aid .lse tero'... ..l gl ~ .Ioe .r^Sfon
Mr. FORWA.Rk D 8.ta~ted, tat -large quantities p eoldle tl mct yo iutend, in a'll practic.tble cases, to Mr.H I always listen with instruction and pleasure, '. ,lfe .. ......h css altote ad d
n oftw ool were ratised in nhis dstr ct.-.and lhe hlad, at first, prfe the raw'material from abroad, to that raised at had nrg d in tavor of lowering" thle ditty on raw wool, ware M^ t r ty, d .~en ca ereper to ils h o uev t uno
been u.nder tihe impression, that his constituents would L ,, ,,,, .,, ....... wil .... .na toui those very reasons which might be advanced agaan~st the .,.....,, ^.. ..... liiwvcune,
Sb ec b e n e t nt t e a by t h e it e rn o r t he b il l w t o t n l e a yw "o n Z e s a d w ltb u a y t e a P >ic) y "t hel! s t ar': i ff -. 0: 2 { : iu t r th e n tl m a n f r o mi d^^r"^ ,^V ne Ot J e^;. ot
l ion orpro,vi80,buthelnadhnadreason to change tbatopin.^^ : ,w rent o manuufacturers aLone. The~y ,must be ^nslvna sU hira f eC mteho adha~rgLelsecoitrbton easdYcn,,
ion .n eadoaeteaeden. ,The Cm i orle ag,,r.;,lcuttr;' ls. ,auatrs -a mlyd foroemnt tlo reduction thf sevre alhttments,,,-8 as,]., ap'*1L '"''""11
*on Manufactures had, since the bill was under discus In* .oto as,'stem of gradualprohibition, Mr. W. dut (in wool, the very arguments which had been me "qa~ tesvi1altet, as "p
ston, obtained a mass of infor~mation fi'om~all parts of the .then proceeded to quote details fr'om the annual states so un v i ,n l enforce .... th re to f al t e PTste, W Ml 1 ESKRIDGEp elk C C
e country, sent un by those about to be affected by the ,;.1,.lo ...i *ii ..*.. t,;,.h ;<* or,^.,,,l fh,., ;,, 1 ,,,,,;i other duties And nlow, when he comes out, and says '*"/ -ic r M. o~~ ^i. ..


Svarious parts oit, which had, on several points, mate- ord on, lo rtd 39, thte v de y y reported by himself should be reduc-- i ene to the ah ve recited decre all on


rially changedmthe vopiiosof evencmiteeally Wcludin wefimporom edut 86,985womuntds, thiasoby expree.I atedr39,400 wd, an ot pr l t tInrw obe u o diein ce tothesaid d ere cieeeri hl] n
e daly changed the opm ns of the committee, and ould s. It 182 weimported 1, 733,420 pounds, ad e, and pOposes an amendment to his own bil l, does e h o


; M LIEM R hnrs, an d,. th. nfu regtyasa sI, ...s th ory .,c otk s uret~l o ey ru n whl o hs nimte hehatos prvouslyorest- lhewifbrth ..oda F z ebt, 18 fo 4te ryn dor
Lead to motions for corresponding changes intbl l e ex dn the bill. e exerted none. T hus had the foreign wool sup notg te a e which he re
T had the for oignhwoolsup-gland thrmer, whosvoce MvMARTNDALE c nothieehwhthreiose re-t he rourt.uo nieof(;%be l lCoun ty"1ell -iti that being
The fine wool imported from some parts ofGermatn', planted our own. Merino wool ca mot be grown heroc e isted ? Fhis gecleni n a s, throughout, gone upon this.Coi r t' day, proceed to sel fo ,s
competes with our. own,; but this coarse wool brought under 25 ao 32 cents it pound. -This coarse wool front Pn cle: a dmesi if w tri.llbe coimensu- ,d erected to be sr as wil be sffi 'ent to paV
fromr Smyrna andSouth America cannot; it is of a quite Smvrna may, be had at ten cents. W e do not grow this rIte .. ..vttlnt r 9I(i'f prohbotton, out as toe meauac ....... .... a risa ty t er o t ue E dwa r t,- -l 1" two
Different quality,, and may be bought at about 9 cets kiul at all, 'And it was proper it should be exempted wa ont woo o i the cheapest terms, on reflecton,,thitPr^- tad s s areeableto ts and"n "
pound. He was in favor ofeventually excluding fbr- from dutv--butwe must do this by degrees In matters Cpl. w.ill not apply to this raw nmaernal, although it does di tio o s ... .. h is O""ecree" .
a eign wool ; but it mu-t be done by degrees. A large oftmere.agriculture, we may proceed withr to iron and hemp. Now, said AMr H.I wih to know JOHN BOW YER
it and sudden duty 11 brA down the manufacturer. ov r' ty u why it will not apply to wool. When the foreign supply .. ..
au u d n d ty .1b ,ak d w h 'm fm u e not inu -itproduct of this description. H e belie ;ed that, i sf, t ....-t t os -fi i e re ti n o d arshal of' ieenbrtar Chauetry D istrict,"
Mr. LIVERMORE then rose, and said, there inlfour oreight years, say six years, t countycoul is ut of wl "ot ths *inte creations of domestic .. Fr Y
Swas a character in the Eastern part ofthe Union known meet the demand, and the prohibition might be total. pr "0ut"" take place, which the gentlemen hive pre, Le t
a ytenm fteNwE adirewoerm dieted, in relation to other articles? Mr. H. 46ad lie "rc -10"t ,
.by the name of the New England farmer, whose voiceI Mr. MAR'I NDALE could not agree with ,gel believed that flocks of sheep could be ,multiplied with P
. he wmhed .ht be heard on the present question- lemen who said that this coarse wool did not come in the same faeilit\ as Iron Forges and Hemp Factories, PG,
Whenntht bill appeared, he had looked over it withI competition with our own, If it was now used where aud theargumont, if worth any thing, applic as ll t Of y description, executed at thi office


1 a '1
BY AUTHORITY.
[PU6Bic ACT.] .
AN ACT to extend the time limited for the settlement
of private landclaims ii nthe Territory of Florida
Be it enacted by the senate e and House If Re-
presentativeo of the United States of America in
Congress assembled, That the time limited for
thile settlement uf private land claims in the Ter-
ritory of Florida, by an act of the S'eventeenth
Congress, entitled An act amending, and sup-
plementary to,the Act for ascertaining claims and
titles to land in the Territory of Florida, and t",
provide for the, survey and disposal of the public
lands in Florila, be, and the same is hereby, ex-
tended and enlarged, until the first day of Janu-
ary next, when the commissioners for ascertain
ing claims and titles to the lands aforesaid shall
ma e a return of their proceedings to the Secre-
tary of the Treasury,to be laid before Congress.
See. 2. Al be it further enacted, That tlie
claimant or claimants shall not be required to
produce, in evidence, a deraignment of title from
thie original giantee or patentee, but the exhibi-
tion of tlie. original title.apers, agreeably ,to the
fourth sectiotiiIf an act, passed the eighth of May,
eighteen hundred, and tweaty-two, entitled I!An
act for ascertaining claiths and titles to lands
within the Territory of Florida with the deed or
devise,/to the claimant, and the office abstract or
abstracts of the intermediate conveyances for the
last ten years preceding thlie surrender of Florida
to the United States ;and, where they cannot be.
pOroduced,their abserice beiug satisfactorily ac-
bounted for, shall be su-icient evidence of the
right of the clanimant or claimants to the land so
claimed as against the United States: Provided,
The claim be defined in quantity, and the amount
does not exceed the quantity limited in the se.-
cond section of the act which this is intended to
extend : .8nd Provided, The conditions required
by the' laws and ordinances of the Spanish govern-
ment, and the treaty betweenaSpain and the Unit-
ed States, shall have been complied with.
Sec. $3 dnd be itfurther enacted, That no per
son shall be taken and deemed to be an actual
settler,within the provisions of the Act amenpd-
ing, and liipplemenifary.t., an act for ascertain-
igg claim, and title;, tu land in the Territory of
Florid,a," passed on the third day of March, one
thousand eight %udred and twenty-three, unless
such person, or hose under whom he claims ti-
tie, shall have been.in the cultivation, or occupa-
tion, of the land, a and before the period uf the
session.
Sec. 4. And be itfurther enacted, That so. much
of the acf-nf which thtsiss an amendment, as au-
thorizts the Secretary of said commissioners to
, dmndand adreceiv; Iromin the claimants ten cents
per hundred words, for recording titles to land,
ble, ind the same is hereby, repealed. ...
Sec. 5. .Adrl. be. it further enacted, That the
former Secretaris., or those who may now be-Se-
cretaries, to tliesajd Boards of Commissioners,
who shall have rqeq'ived their salary of one thou-
sand two hundif d and fifty dollars, Trom the
Treasury of tle United States, which is, "y law,
declared to be (heir full .compensation, shall be,
and they are hertiy, required to pay over, ria-
:pectively, to,the. Commissioners, conformably
witlti he provisions of the original law, all.;such
Sfees as haye..been demanded, and received by
then, which shall be appropriated to defray the
expenses of tilje Commission.
Sec. 6. ,iid be '*it further enacted,, That so
much of thie act's of .which this is amendatory, as
makes void all claims not filed before the first day
of Deceiuber, one thousand eight hundred and
twenty. tle, be, and thile same is hereby, re-
pe n r~|~d a -it hall be lawful for claims to be
filed _f,-tim'e previous to the first day of Septem-
ber rinext ; but all .ijd every claim not filed by
that time, shall be held and domed void and of
none effect.
Sec. 7. .,adbe itfulher enacted That each of
the Commissioners heretofore appointed, or, who
-may hereafter be appointed, who .has performed,
and shall hereafter perform, the duties assigned
him, shall receive, from the first Monday in eb-
ruary until the first day of, January next, at the
rate of two. thousand dollars per annum, in full
compensation for his service .
H. CLAY, .
Speaker of the House of Representatives,
DANIEL D. TOMPKINS,
Vice President oftlie United States,
b and President of the Senate.
Washington, February 28, 1824--Approved:
JAMES MONROE,
It has been announced that the 'author of the" Sketch
Sook," has published another work, under the title 6f
Letters of Jonathan Oldstyle.",. Such a notice is calcu-
lated so excite sme onsiderable attention among the
reading communityt But thle editor of the New York
Evening Post ht'aced a daonper on this excitement,
by assuring the p-iblicthat, so far from Mr. irvirig's having
issued .this, as a hewwork, it is only a new vamping by
the, publisher, or.in, other words, that the booksellerhas
overthuled Lhe-ol iinni qf.a i>, A paper of some twenty



which is firt a ttenmIo pWts at PaIntngwrema h e
-c.i,'-sta,,,jnig,nr.nt" disciacureizda fcW,' ageS'i-ff t Mir. lr.
v.ing' bo-yish prodacto;, oft i, ithoutthe author's eon.
senbtdaes published them in pamphlet e form, with a copy
right--this is making books with a&viengeance.
", I _. .. *i." [U S. Gazette.
[Mr. IRVING, we should think, would feel himself very
sensibli flattered by so unequivocal a testimonials; f-es
tabirlshed fame as thds collection of his boyish efforts
We have no doubt that such-was, the. sentiment of" ou
great painter, WETb, on, hearing that the panels on
whioh his firht attempts at Paintingu were made, had been
cut from the wainscot of the old house at Philadelphia,
and carefully preserved, as the germination of that ta
lent which he afterwards ripened -o a rch maturity.
.', [a~at. Intelt.
A beautiful and singular experiment was lately shewn
b(.:hre a learned Society iu Edinhurg,. A small lump ot
platinum, which had been granulated by having" beer
dissolved, precipitated, Foasted, and triturated, was
placed on tlhe tr.'ile ; a bladder of hydrogen gaa, t(
which was fixed a glass pipe, with a very minute aper
ture, something like a blow pipe, .was produced. On
apply ing the .pipe in\ such, a situation as, when the blad-
de~r should be pressed, af'sh'eainofthe gas would be di
; recited on the. plating run, a brilliant and distant flanie aroseI
which eontinued as long .as the stream of g'as was sup.
plied- This appears tol us to be the most simple, th(
most beautiful, andl most elegant providing- another re-
oeiver for the gas, in lieu ofTlhe bladder) mode of obtain-
ing-a sudden light hit heirto invented, It may be so ar-
ran-ed, tlhat, Upon pullin a string, a light will instantly
follow, .which will be extingni~shed'as soon as the string
ia re..inqtlished,. T[he advantages of such a light, for a
chamber, at..night, are obvio/is,- and we cannot-doubt but
tliat 'something of this kind, will be very soon adopted
T-he purpose to which such a means of obl.aininf, hnstan-
taneouis light may be applied, are innumerable. It is a
little remarkable, that tlhe liglhtesL and heaviest sub-
stances known, should be brought together in this expe-
ri ieut, '. .. .- r-, -