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National intelligencer
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 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: December 21, 1822
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00043
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text












rA -t{ Jrth &t> tvrr


Vol. XXIII.


WASHINGTON ; SATURDAY, DECEMBER 21, 182z No. 3400


PUBLISHEDI BY GALES 61 SEAT-N'
THREE TON; S A WEEK DURiING TILE 5OS~iON OF CONGRESS
ANDi TWICE A WEEK IN THE ii'CES-9.
Price fo' a year,-sixr dollars Ptijabic in advane
For bix months.~- -.o ur (dollars. ?


FRIDAY, DECEMBER 20.

Our correspondents at New York inform us,
under date of December 18, that they have seen
a letter from St. Thomas, of the 3Sth of Novem.
ber, which states that the United States' friga:e
Congre-s arrived at that port on the 29th from
St. Barts. Officers and crew all well, and would
sail on the 1st December, supposed for Ports-
mouth. The Spark had just arrived at St. Tho-
mas, from Laguira. Officers and crew, with the
exception of one man, were all well. The Spark
left the Cyane at Laguira; her crew, we regret
to state, still continue sickly.

We sincerely regret to liarn, from the Alaba-
ma paper,, that JoHN W. VALKER, of that state,
has resigned his seat in the Senate of the Unit-
ed States ; the more, that the cause of his resig-
nation, is continued though not increasing ill
health.

Extract of a letter from a gentleman in Havana
to his friend in this city, dated IHavana, .Vo.
member 29.
The British government has sent here a de-
vision of one frigate, a brig, and a cutter to cruise
against the pirates, on the coast, and they je
already commenced their operations, in which
they will be supported also by this government.
They are expecting twelve schooners of light
draft of water, for that purpose, and we hope that
this force, combined with the American cruizers,
will soon clear our coast of those robbers."

1 HILADILPHIA, DEC. 17.
Spontaneous Combustion. -Another instance of
spontaneous combustion accarred at the Navy
Yard in this vicinity of this city. The large hea-
of coal, containing several hundred bushels, was
discovered to be on fire yesterday morning; it,
was however speedily put out by the persons em-
ployed in the yard.
If is stated in the Philidelphia papers, that
there are about fourteen hundred persons in the
Philadelphia Alms House. A proposal to intru.
duce the Discipline Mill into .that establishment,
is said ho be under consideration.

FROM ST. SALVADOR.

BALTIMORE, DEC. 19.-By the schooner Lo-
renzo, arrived at this port yesterday, 41 days
-from St. Salvador, we learn that Babia was gov-
'erned by martial law, and under orders of
Brigadier General Madeira, who is styled over
nor of arms-all the Brazilian regular troops
were disarmed on the 17th February last, since
which most of them have left the city, and de-
clared for the Prince. There is a civil govern-
-ment, but it is a mere tool to the government at
arms; the civil government are natives of the
country. The Brazilian army is near the city,
and the outposts are daily skirmishing, and many
lives have been lost. The Brazillians are fre-
quently to be seen, from some situation in this
city, under arms; the report says they are defi-
cient ia officers. They are said to be command-
ed by a Frenchman by the name of Labatal. Gen-
eral Madetra received, on the 30th, a reinforce-
ment of 1200 men, which makes his force, inclu-
ding sailors, about 4000 men. The naval force
consists of ore line ot battle ship, two frigates,
one sloop of war, six armed merchant ships, and
two brigs of war, also, a few gun boats. No
communication is allowed with the country, n'.
fresh provisions at market : occasionally a poor
animal dies a natural death, and his meat is sold
in the market- from 30 to 40 cents per pound :
fowls 2 dollars to 2 20 each, when to be found.

FROM NEW ORLEANS.

NEW YORK, DEC. 17.-By the at-rival of the
packet ship William, we have advices and pa-
pers from New Orleans to the 27th ult. inclusive.
The yellow fever had entirely subsided, and the
Board of Health had ceased publishing daily re-
ports of deaths. A frost occurred on the night
of the 22d, after which time strangers had gone
itto the city without fear. A formal procianma-
tion of the Board of Health was hourly expected,
inviting the return of those citizens who were
yet absent. The last report of the Board, which
was previous to the 22J, announced but one
death.
Business was languid, but the river was on the
rise, and numerous boats on their way town, and
arrived in the neighborhood ; in a t-w days, it
was calculated the usual activity would be seen.
T'he price of cotton was 14 to 15 cents.
'Thb Banks of New Orleais have given notice
that they will receive bulion of purt silver, and
Iturbide dollars at par ; Sand dollars, of appro.-
vcd quality, at 8 per cent. discount _oa their
weight.

At Kingston, J'amaica, on thlie 9th day of October last
i tlie 23d year of his age, -i. ,JAMES S. ALEXANDER,
second son of Amos Alexaiide,-, Esq. of Alexandria.
In Baton Roug'e, Loutisian.i, on tie 18th ult. of yellow
fever, Lieutenant ELIJAHt DAVIS, of the U. S. Army,
mucci lamented by all who knew him. lie is represent-
d to have been a man of uniliptachali character, both.
in private and public life. [Bato.n Ruig'e has lately lost
aim0v citizens by the yellow fever.]


eoupovf W of tj) i itsUU

Second Sessian of' the Seventeenth Congress&

THURSDAY, DECEMBER 19, 182,2.

IN SENATE.
Mr. RUGGLES, h'Fon the committee of clairl),
made an unfavorable report on tite petition ct
Rebecca Hodgson (who prays that interest may
be granted to her, on the long standing claim
which was allowed to he' by an act of last session;
and the report was re d ai'd agreed to.
In courtesy to Mi. BARBOUR. (wto being in
the minority yesterday on the question, ol
course could not make the motion,) Mr. RUG-
GLES moved a reconsideration of the vote by1
which the report of the committee of claims oun
favorable to the petition of Joseph Janney was a
greed to; and the reconsideration was agreed to,
leaving the question open to future' decision.
[Mr. Janney prays compensation for buildings
and other property destroyed by the enewisy, du-
ring the late war,in consequence fitss occupancy
by militia.]
bMr. JoHNsa, of Louisiana, submitted a resolu-
tion, calling on the Commissioner of the General
Land Office for the reports of the several com-
missioners heretofore appointed or the adjustment
of land claims in Louisiana.
The resolutions submitted yesterday by Mr.
WILLIAMS of Tennessee, and Mr. WARE, res-
pecti.'ely, were severh.lly taken up and agree to,.
Thie Senate proceeded to the consideration of
the following resolution submitted yesterday by
Mr. BROWN of Ohio:
Resolved, That a standing commit cce of five members
be appointed on the subject of Roads and Canals,
Mr. B. proposed to modify his resolution, 'o
as to make it one of the standing rules of the Se-
nate, to appoint at the commencement of every
session a standing committee on the subject ofl
Roads and Canals. He adverted to the incrers-
ing interest as well as 'he importance of internal
improvements, particularly to the i eiior of liet
Republic, which was rapidly-settling and filling
up, to justify that subject being now con-idercd
one of the great interests of the nation, and, as
such, entitled to a regular standing c mminittee
for it.
Mr. KING of New York, questioned the cxpe-
'iency of engrafting this unsettled subject on the
standing rules of the Senate, althougii it might be
very proper to create, from time to time, a corn-
mittee on it. He was therefore averse to the mo-
d;fication,
Mr. BROWN would not press the change which
he had proposed, as it seemed to be not entirely
acceptable t t the Seate, and would content him-
self with the resolution, as originally proposed,
except so far a, to i!:sert the word select for
standing' committee; which altcation was
agreed to; and
In tha. shape the resolution was adopted.
The following resolution:, submitted yesterday
by Mr. KING, of Alabama, was taken up.
Resolved, That the Committee on the judiciary bo in-
structed to inquire into the expediency allowing to)
the state of Alabamnia three representatives in clfoltriiiv
with the second session of tle act, entitled An act for
tile apportionment of representatives among the several
states according' to thie fourth census."
Mr. K. read t the Senate the section referred
to, and adverted to lie additional return that had
been made from Abama to show the propriety
of the proposed inquiry.
The resolution was agr.-ed to.
Mr. R. M. JOHNSON, of Kentucky, submitted
the following for consideration:
Resolved, That the Committee on Military Affairs be
instructed to inquire into the expediency of erecting a
national armory on the western waters.


which h.; been m:d,.-, in reft rence t i!s admin- i he iesol .,ion wolved x:ster'day cling u;, on, Mr. C oK *vdCt ,trik Ut a *rovi.o ,:nti
istrati. n, should be substantiated, in the exan.ina the Pi sident for the laws,,ic. passed in the Ter-1 bill %dh ch ) in i ioLm0 i 0 .r .
tion wh ch tlie committee w uld doubtless m:ke ritorial Goveimmnenit of I'rida, was als ..ken ''hat noithoii this act con' .. silall be -.ntruod
into t e matter The other Banks of the D ti ict up a d agiecd to. to g:ve cognizanc to Lth c rIt nrl bI ealtab.-: (o, of
hald been continued, by renewals to the period On motion, : M rR. IMID, f Ge rgia, the repo, t cases of admirals and Iii ,iit .! SC.ICI,O1 0G,IIO.') (-C'as-
when the ex;i t:ng charter of the i.ed Sai t of a committee of the i.s zes6ioinn dr -se to ic s wLereio tie U. tat sali be ia.ntatis."
Bank shouldd terminate. Mr. B. himselfhad pro- ng a dint claim of ;. Georgia militia, 1-, 1 moion strike out t l provits Ua- de-
posed that particular period for them, because, services re' cered in 179q, '3, anid '4, an thI cided .: the negt't've.
the while subject would then come up together, Iepoit adverse to the pettion f CGen. l'honm's Afitc a -ve soP!il! mendmcrlt
and those who followed, in the guidance of publi,. Glisscock, v.er, taken upand reerrced to a con- 'The cominittet :",e '.id reported the bill to
affairs, would be able to determine, by the lights ritt ,l hle whole. t'e Hois, ; and dthi question being on ordering
which experience should then have shed on the Mr. I.ITTLE, in moving the f..i ...*"' resolu- the bill to a third ,.dting-
'ubj::ct, whether those institutions Ii d bee' coi- ion, sai that it was repr sent. d to him that thle Mr 1IANKIN stayed 11is ob actions to thle b;l;
dulcive to the public weal, or n !, and deci oin relief intendr.d to b d 'ordei to sick an which were, first, that the other Judges on tle
all that Conrcss ha.,. authorized, at the saine dis.iled se,,,men by the laws of tihe United I e,,itory,now three in '. unnber, < ;u .hi to be c,.n-
time. Am .gt the rest ..f their, he thought thie States, w:as not now iffordd in all cses l hy- 'eled to discharge the duties, pro sed i.ow to
l'chlabtics Banlk ...,hit to be extended to the other this was ow ig to a dect in the law, or to a bhe rlerred on this oulth Judge; aid tht 'ie
common 'rm., if no facts should be disclosed to d. ficie:cy ,f tfu.,ds, he knew not. Certain it : owers :thi Jiu g'. w, re be di-. 't I''.an
forbid it. a the faci was so ; an', neemi g it a proper those of ythe ther iages f1 t, h erI i b:.
T,ie I ave being granted, the bi 1 was read the io jec: ior' inquiry, he moved the adoption .Athe Mr. M CoY i. iit satisfied ts i t ins bil
first time, a:nd .nc. second tie, pro fortna. nd fodoiwi, : ou t to Pa If f passe, at al he ls of opi-
n nmotiln of Mr. B.AHBOUR ,a4 then rZ ;errcd to Iasolved, Tt'J lthie Comnittee m Commerce be in- "ielv with M'r CooK, that :f4i' e'rs should bh ,p
the D strict C xpediency or so 0 men.li; oi.t c '. st lt.. a ca., .ete colt. t -t th,:
The Senate then adourne tilhe laws as 1vill more ieiectu;ily afford relief to sick and -ent hei moved .hat th. bili dl li on the tai;o,
disabled seaien. ihis otin hlie Nithl'rex l L 'lHlvow of a too l OL3
t'he e lution was agreed to. f-: commitment ofl he bill to beh maide.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Mr. TRI"'mLE submitted for consideration the On this motion a debate ,-ok plal-e, in which
Amonn the petitions this dy presented, Mr. following resolution : the reconimitmeit te:, advoc.,tcd by Mi IT.
STEWART presented one from sund v inhabitants Rieolved, Thatthe President of the United States bhe TLE, and 'ppose "y Ci;. SI BL-FY: 1:. 'ILLAM.i,
of thie Stte of Punntiylvania, pr.iying for the aid requested tq infob m this Ilouse what appropriations will ..' N. C. Mi. C',LtENN, Mr. PL..UMER, or N. H-
be ,equiiedto enable hinn to forti:v 'T',orpson's Island, and Mr J Jit T N
and patronage of Congress in a plan f r the I qii ol e 0tfort Tonpsons island, and _s1r J S. J0a SN
and patronage l Coness a pn usual leldR Kewest; :nd whethlier a naval depot es- The reco1iim:ncnt was snoppo ted on the
inprvementf the nav action of the river Poto- tblishe. attatslai, protected by fortifications, will he as sppo ted on he
-iac, froni tide-water to Cumberlan'r, in the state not afford facilities in ''-f':"nrdi'. the co rinerce of the itround of a ne, es ny f ir further enquiy,i a- d al-
ot Maryland ; which was referred to the Coom- States, and i clearing 1,. i...i .t'Mexico and the adja- so on the objection to unnecessarily mnult;;ly.ng
mitee on R ads and anais. nent seas, a pirates. public ,,fices.
Mr. ALEX SMYTH, fronm the Joint Library This re(o .tion lies on the table one day, ac- The recomn itment was opposed on the ground
Committee, made the the following report: cording td the Rules. that the case in contemplation of the bill was
Th, Committee of the Library, to whom was referred On moon of Mtr. COLDEN, of New York, it one which imperiously required a remnedy-the
the letterof George W. Ervinp, Esq. accompat ying a was deopio of the country now suffelting rom the want
collection of Medals, have had the same under conside- Resolved, That the Committee on Naval Affairs be of a court, had at present to travel so''me one
ration, aind submit the I. ...... report: instructed t inquire into the expediency of' continuing thousand miles, some 600, some 400, &c io Dfe-
Resolved, T 'at the -1" ~0.. be directed to express to to the wid v and child of the late Captain James Law- troit, where the Sutprl.r-le Court nowv holds its
George W. Erving, Esq. the thanks of this House, f,,r rence, of thi U. S. Navy, the pensions heretofore allowed sess dia as to amount to
the liberal donation of French and American Medal:, to them. sessions, w was suc a deia as to amount to
inade by him to Congress, for the use of the National Li" On motion of Mr. MERCER, the report of the a refusal of justice, &c.
brary. Committee of Clainms, on the petition of Andrew The bill was not recommitted, but was finally
The report being read, the question was taken Bartle, wcs recommitted to that committee. orde ed to be engrossed and read a third tite to-
to concur in the resolution the ein submitted,a,:d On moioni of Mr. CANNON, the bill to provide morrow.
passed in the affirmative, unanimously. for di- iplining the Militia of the United States, On motion of Mr.McLANE, the bills concerning
The House having takiri up the resolution yes- now lyingowi the table, was referred to a Com- :ie collection of the revenue, &c. passed i,er
terday moved by Mr. JoUNSTON, of Louisiana, re- mittee ofthe Whole House on the State of the 'its roaring. ere reinstated in thDir place in the
questing the Secretary of State to communicate Union. Orders of the ,y.
rcertiii iL tormnationi resectin1g the Territory at On .; r M.. i t .., ,, Thie Hofsc then resolved iisnIfinto a rornmnit-


the mouth "f Columbia River-
Mr. Co.DENb suggest ed that the letter of Mr.
Prevost had been already published.
:.r. JoHNSTON, of Lou. said, lie was aware the
letter a published. The information in that
letter \.as not a material part of the resolution.
It might be dispensed with, though it was desira-
bla to lay all the information on the subject before
the House together. He said, the British North
West 'Company had extended iheir tradethrough
Canada, to the westward of the Rocky Moun-
tains, so that it had been necessary to supply
their factories by the Paicil.c. The goods had
been usually sent to Boston, and then shipped to
:he mouth of the Columbia, and thence to their
f.-tories. It was generally understood, that, a-
bout the year 1814, the proprietor, (our citi-
zeus,) made an arrangement with the North
West Company, by hicth 'hey became possess-
ed of the establishment, and til ough that channel
their factories are now supplied. He wished ao
know the nature and character of this arrange-
nierit; what toi t of possession they had obtained;
and ,hat measure was necessary to assert our
claim to the county.
Mr. FLOYD said he was glad to find the gentle.
man favorably disposed towaids the bill for es-
tablishing a government at the mouth of the Co-
iumbia. He objected, however, to the phraseo-
logy of the i esolutio The Departments of the
government, as the:' are called, exist merely as
the creatures of a law ofCongress. and the lan-


n mo 1oI n Of ViT ENNI1GS, IE W95
Resolved, Thatthe Committee on the Post Office and
Post toadi be instructed to inquire into the expediency
of'soamencing thin act entitled An act for the relief of
John 1). Ily," approved Apr; 18th, 1814, as to exone-
rate the sail Hflay from any demands which the Unit.cd
States hadaigainst hinm, prior to the passage of the afore-
said act, aslikewise any costs that may have accrued.
The S .EAKIFt laid before th; H use a let-
ter from the Secretary of the Treasury, transmit-
tin- the books containing the decisions of the
commissioners on the claims to land, derived
from French and Spanish titles in thelate terni-
tory of Missouri and the territory of Arkansas,
called for on the motion of it r. 'GOTT ; which
were referred to the committee on Public Lands.
On ni 'tion of Mr, BitcRECKENIDGE, the com-
,mittee of Inc whole, to whom was referred the
bill to authorize the holding a district court at
Louisville, in the state of Ky. was discharged
therefrom, and it was recommitted to the Judi-
ciary conmmrnittee.
I Fhe bill for the relief of Wm. Sayleas was then
passed through a commii:tee of the whole, Mr.
HILL in the chair, and ordered to be read a third
time to day, and was subsequently read a third
time, PASSED, and sent to the Senate.
[i he case of Win. Sayles is this : He became
securitv,in the yeai 18?F, for the Post maslerla
P'terb,,r, in hhc state ..' New York. In 1815,
the Post master renovedt from that part of thel
country. In 1821, Win. Sayles was sued foi
the money due by his principal to the goveri-


lee oi the w hole on that siiject, Mr. EDWARDS
in the c ,it..
No debate or objection be ntg r ide to the bill
tC make perpetual the art of 3d V!a-ch, 1815, 'ii'
reg'iiting the collection of thte duties I mpr'ts1
it 'a- reported t .t, House, n' ordered to be
engro sed and read a thirdd time to-morrow ; and
The liois, adjourned.

FROM LAGUIRA.

An arrival at Philadelph. bring '.vices from
Laguira to the 22d uCt. There ic no0 political
news of moment given. It was said hat lMo
rales had marched from Maracn.ibo, ,with troops,
towards Coro, and many apprehended an attack
on Caraccas.
Com. Belluche sailed from Laguira in the brig
Independencia, with the regiment of Tenedores,
under Col. de Keimboldt, to cnd.'avor to effect a
union with Gen. Montullo, who was near Mara-
ca 1o, with 3,000 troops.
Comm. Daniels had sailed on a cruise in the
corvette Bolivar,(formerly the H icules, of New
York.) The sloop of war NewOrlkans, ,f 28
guns, formerly the Saphire, pnurcha-ed by the
Colombian Mini ter from the British G-vern-
ment, h:-I arrived at Laguira, with 8)50,000 in


t b r e..t .. ...o--- ----------r- ent, anu judgili2,1 was rleeoverie against fim (dO 9 0 0 ut, obuttwithu t tle, armamn-nt.t I tie Mos-
The bill concerning the plans to be granted to guageofCongress to them ha always been that of for upwards of 300 dollars, upon which heis now qit, bg of war, also purchased f the it
the state of MiLsouri or thepurposes ofeducation, command or instruction, not of req est As the confined in te limits of te county prison. quito, bri nentarried also purchsed fro, ith the Brit
and other public us s, was considered in commit readiest way of amending tis resolution, Mr. Syles is 82 years of age, and miserably poor. sh Government, arrived o the 22d with the a
tee ofthewhe, and ordered tu be engrossed F.moved so to alter it as to address the e"u Tle bill propose to discharge from confine- moment for the Saphire, and, it was supposed
forhe a billthrd reading. aco to tBabbe Presidentofthe United States, instead nient on his delivering up all the property he with more specie.
The bill for therelim fJacob Babbitt, ofR n ode A ,the Scrtary of State has or may hereafter acquire.] I addition to the above, we havebeen favored

two custom house bonds, given for duties on cerI r. JOHNTON asentcd to this amendment.- The house then proceeded to the Roll of the with the following extract from a letter dted La-
tain sugars destroyed by a su rm and a for duties on e- a e d t made p he aid, w Orders of the day. The fit subject was the bill guira, the 12th ult. from most respectable an
ti in September 1815, srovidend he te measures were necessary to be adopted with re-- to abolish iniprisonmient tor debt;" which was i
pLincipal of said bonds,] was examined he may guard to the country in question. When the in- recomitted t a sLcecct cmnittee, accurate source. Its contents may therefore be
ittee of tie whole, and ordered t be engrossed lomaetion was before rthe House he should be The bill for making a road ftrm the Miami of relied on.-i I Y. Gax.
for third reading. disposed to do whatever war necessary to main- Lake Erie to the Connecticut Reserve, was for The surprizeof Mtaricabo by Morales cre.
The Senate Look up,in committee of the whole, tan our right in that quarter, to prevent any in- som time in committee of the whole, Mr. Lrr- ated a strong sensation h.re and at Bag >ta, The
the bill for toe relief of 'Waiey ated Fostcr, trust,'i on our limits, especially to secure the do- aL itn the chair, butt was deferred to another day Hercules, (now the Bolivar,) is at this i,otment
authori izin the issue to them of certain cerutfi e on goods imported through that channel, ad util the report accompanying the bill could be blockading PdV'to Cabello the Spanilh rigate
cates of debenture, which are withheld by reason to prevent any right being acquired there by or printed. Ligera. of 44.guns, is afraid to come out, ard thi
ft an accidental legal inform.iity.] acquiescence, &c. 'Tbe bill securing to mechanics and others, in brig which was the consort of this Spanish frigate,
Mr. Li. YD of Mass. explained the circum- l. FLOYD, adverted to the information on the the District ,of Columbia, payment for materials is now separated from her.
stances of the ase, and the grounds on whicu- sUblact given in the report of the committee and labor employed in building, passed through Another squadron, and about o00 soldiers,
the etition"rs ,.ere entitled to relief ; and th, bill 'vhich accompanied the bill at the last sessionl a committee of the whole, Mr. DWIGHT in the have by this time reached the Gut of the Lake
was ordered to be engrossed for a thitd reading. That information hlie saidad been collected from chair ;and as ended, on the motion of Mr. !o Maracaibo, under Col. Reitnbold, who Ied ti
Te bill for the relief of John Byers was next the best otuces ; from the Executive, om Lrn ATI p,o as to require the contract, constitut place some days' ago. General Montilla, from
taken up. [This bill proposes to alloww to the pc- b ok in the pubhe library, and from two highly ing the lien on the property, to be in writing attd Carthagena, with ahout 2500 men, was adv..-ing
tioner he ieence between the par value pectable &ttclliget gentlemen, (Mr. Croks recorded in the Clerk's office ofthe Circuit Court and near Maracaibo, from the side of Rio de la
titioner the (liffetence bctweenr the par valuc. rsle it'lgeut gcntlemen, (Mr.Crooks
nioneys advanced by the government and -u and Mr Farnum) to whom he ought before now, before the completion of the building. Thu Hatcha, and General Pacz, now at Valencia, with
as were expended by h:m i ,the :- apply of rati>ns to have acknowledged his obligations, c. amended, the bill w ordered to be engrossed 3000 men, moves upon Maracaibo, on the tast
in Connecticut, &c. Irom June, 1814, to May. The ireolution, as amended, was agreed to. an read a third time on Monday next, y a vote side ; and sanguine person, here calculate upon
1815, and c .fining the allowance to theact The House then took up the ,cs lotion yes- oh 65 to 40. Morales having fallen inio a snare from which, he
al lossin e xcan, .] terday laid on the table, calling on the President cannot extricate himse ; but lie is a wily soldier
Snexca"ngte. oi the United States for information what steps Several btlls were passed over without aty one and there is so much room to act, that he has a
On this cill a pretty wide debate took place, had een t ken by th Executive to carry into calling them up, among which were the bills to thousand points to select from, and he only canr
embracing the general question of the equity of effect the act o! the last session, to abolish the make perpetual the act to regulate tihe coIlecion know thawhich he I eans to take. There is,
indemnity for losses incurred in time of war; the Idian ratingg Establishmcnt. dutics, of 3d Aarcl 1815 ; the iill to regulate lewever, every prospect of closing the war."
circumstances of this particular case to justify its Mr. M AL.Aur suggested, ita'. thie President, the ontry of merchandise from. adjacent territo-
being made an exception to the customary rules, in his Message to the two Hofles of Congress, ries; the bill to rovicle for the survey and dis- CLAllKS 111G,VA. tD'. 7.--.' buIndaV llt, ,fCur Voung'
&c. &c. Messrs. Ruges, Holme, of M c, stated th measure, had been taken to crry that postal of the public minds in the territory ,t 1oo- men let Middletown, on the Monong'ahl'a rfor, ina
Morri:, Lanwan, Brown, of O!,io, BvroN, of act in execution; at'nthat, when the information rida the bill to naible the peopleotfthe Di.trict canoe, for riantovn. Thie v r at that time was un-
Louisiana, Van Buren, and Chandler, took part should be received of the mt ie o iti s execu- of C lumbia, to form a frame of government, c iusuillv lhigil for the si aSion. 'they 'Iroceeded to within
in the d 'hate; but, before any question was take; ion,' he would transce:it t to aConre s. Mr. A. The bill o pr ce for instL ucti.., and di,.ci- hivc or six ilits o home (Mh iantovn) when passing
on it, the bill was laid over to Monday, lot the doubtd, under these circumstances, the proprie- plin he iidslnp n of tihe Navy, being ext 'thet ofl their our werete (.o tned. Thbe aesu ivo, psetm
purpose oft aving the report of the committee ty ol passing the resolution. in turn, as, oti tt ion of ir'. FutLLEa, reconm- sparks, formerly (we beneve) a resident orf this county,
printed. On mo ion, thie resolve was laid on the table i fittedd to the cotniiltee on Naval Affairs. we have understood, r .; one or two miles down the
Mr. BARBOux, agreeably to the notice h ha but, t bs quent y, ADD)I[T)IONA i JUii" lOFl MICHIGAN. stream, sometimes supporting, himselfby the drif wood.
given, asked leave to introduce -a bill to extend Ot s iqen yM. e he House then ot mot.-)on (1 Mr.Si BLEY, re- ts it passed t lm-sh metih esoL, ting the waves w his m
the charter ofl the Mechanics Bank of Alexan- waO again taken up, an, e 1s reprsert-ation solved itself into a cn in e o the w.,hle-, Mr. back b tole .'il-till at i st he was cn'.ced o lt -, o
dria. t is passa e would facilitate the discharge Voo in the c air,. t bill to pr de or all ofthe b ol a tre tht e el d into '.e' t'in n
In answer to a remark which had dropped from Lh ut its ofpassae would acita en Indian Alairsge additional JudL;e ti tlie terrmv.ory of !M.ic.ian. great i'."nit'll succeeded in clu1bni' F so f, o if' to
some gentleman, Mr. BAnouRt stated succic.ct- thby procutrines for it uch information as may be rs, On the dtais f te bil (th eral necessity be s e as r sd oom hiso sitatio, !,
ly -he reasons which ha-: i ducod him to s.p .Ort at tli, ttin received, wiithout waiting until the fo r' h ch wa:c.e :s f; l bi l ,t : t .l",xi, t ius rI te call ,.... ,, l
his bill a !..'t Ist --'sion, and which he boilglt ita tin te r ,:etived, t: e ittsolulg ori t.ic e d -a c s>oth'i:' 'i' t e'i llw; tilL a 'A"", k --di
would juti.y its paBsage, ule' s some bj(.cl'_us vd e tc i the resolution on '.. h'clti;.L, .John ,e. ('louse, anIl tioep'l' i :ii','.' '
i ] ,,.' t t'hin1 of' u h n, teach, if't't a wife .ua d several ;lhi.'.!t'hi .















IIAMILTON-NEW SERIES, No. VI.

This esay snail be tev td to the discussion
of -hat poiti in .f h-e P'teid.-,t's me ige which
regards the c .,;lii g and sustainm he
ma of>-;u,e.s'" f .he United States on wnici II
shall ,ff-r iny fellow citizens ,om'._ ri marks.
cou bed i-- that unrestrained spirit of fi ank,;-ss
which be o es an independent tizen,atthesatre
time punc lious'y obseivi: g the respect to wiich
the writer's elevatzed stati .t gives him an indis.
putable claim, and which it would be inpcr.ine t
and dishonorable o vi ,late. I confidently rely
on a patient hearing, and a candid examination
ob the arguments I shall a duce, which shall be
addressed, not to the feelings or passions, but to
the understanding, of the reader.
The President distinctly and unequivocally
states, that
"There are strong reasons, applicable to our situation,
and relations with other countries, which impose on usl
"the obligation to cherish and sustain our manufacturers."
This doctrine is perfectly s.;und and ju.t, and
cannot fail to have due weight with Congress in
their deli, rations on this important subject. It
exhibits a triumph of truth over prejudice; is at
honorable advance bey'-nd the ground rme:ly
assumed in presidential messages ; and has sur-
prised both friends and enemies of a modification
of the tariff, neither of whom expected such
strong langu'-ge on the subject. Had this sen-
tence stood al.-ne, it would have been all that a
w e policy, and the instructive lesson held out
by the experience a,-d examples Jf tue greatest.
moist powerful, and most prosperous nations oa
Europe, required. It points to the policy which
has elevate.: Great B itain to the towering teig 1.
which she has uttai, ed ; generatedd Prussia, af
ter the horrible desolations of the seven yea, s'
war; and recently healed the gaping wounds of
France, after the exh istion of wars of t,-e ity
years, the dragonades of victorius. and ;.mbii -r-
ed i ucr.ies, and miita:.y exactions ,f 100.000,000
of dollars : to the policy, in fine, wh-ch alun,. can
elevate the United States to the proud and exalt-
ed rank to which their extent, their resources,
their local situation, aid their various political
and moral advantages entitle them to aspire, ant
which they can never attain without a radical
change in a misguided system, which, ir, the hor-
rible years 1818 aod 1819, poured out the vial
of distress and suffering on this devoted land, t.
a greater extent than an infuriated warfare of two
years and a half ha done
It is to be regretted that this sentence, so clear
and decisive, is follow 'red by another, which ap-
pears to throw a doubt over, and cast a damp up-
on, the strong ground thus assumed.
Satisfied, however, I am, that the interest of every
" part of the Union, even of those most benefited by ma-
" nufactures, requires that this subject should be treated
with the greatest caution, and a critical knowledge of the
" effect to be produced by the slightest change."
This sentence is tollow-.. by an-.;ter, which
quadrates better with the first than wita its im-
mediate neighbor.
"On a full consideration of this subject i 4 all its rela-
"tions, I am persuaded that a further augmentation ma3
now be made ofthe duties on foreign articles, in flavor
four own, and without affecting injuriously any other
interest."
Of the present address, there are two objects-
one to detail the strong reasons* which the
President nas only glanced at, and which "' im-
pose on us -he obligation to cherish and sustain
outr manufactures"-the other, to prove, however
salutary caution" may be on untried ground,
or in novel cases, where mighty interests are at
stake, and where a single error may produce
lasting pernicious consequences, that, in the pre.
sent case, our own and the experience of almost
every nation in the civilized world, sheds such
strong light on the point at issue, that the path of
duty is as clear as the noon day sun.
On the first hLad,it might perhaps be suffi..i:,nt
to say, that, as our consumption of foreign manu-
factu ed goods exceeds the present value of the
raw produce which Europe is disposed to re-
ceive from us, it is our imperious duty, as we
value our character, our happiness, oua prospe-
rity, and our real independence, to relinquish al.
together the use of so many of those manufactur-
ed articles as form the excess of our importa-
tions-or to mike them ourselves This is an
alternative which reason, c mmon sense, justice,
and regard for ourselves and our posterity, dic-
tate. Inveterate custom, anJ absolute necessity,
forbid the first. We are therefore reduced to the
second alternative.
That the preceding position is as sacredly
true,as thatitis the boun-enduty ofzrety min who
finds his income decreasing so -.s to fall within
his expenses, to reduce the latter, if he cannot
increase the former, no man of common sense or
candor will venture to deny.
To meet the destructive prejudices which pre-
vail on this topic, I call in the powerful aid of
Alexander Hamilton, whose report on manufac-
tures contains mvre solid, substantial, profound,
and practical truths on this br.inch of political
economy, than three-fourths of all the volumes
that have ever appeared on it. And all the mis-
fortunes and distress of this country, since the
war, have arisen solely from the neglect of the
admonitions this invaluable work contains :-
If Europe will not take from us theprsduct-of our 'slot,
on terms consistent with our interest, the natti-al remedy
"iS, to CONTRACT AS FAST AS POSSIBLE OUR WANTS OF HnER.
".The aggregate prosperity of manufactures, and the
" aggregate prosperity of agricdulture, are intimately con-
" necked,
The uniform appearance of an abundance of specie,
" as the concomitant of aflourishing state of manufactures,
" and of the revers,, where they do not prevail, afford a
"strong presumption of their favorable operation on the
" -wealth of a country,
While the necessities of nations exclusively devoted
" to agriculture, for the fabrics of manufacturing nations,
"are constant and regular, the wants of the latter for the
"products of the former, are liable to very considerable Jtuc.
" tuations and interruptions."
These opinions, which embrace a whole vol-.
ume of political economy, and form an American
guide to the wealth of nations," have for years
lain before our statesmen, utterly disregarded
They apply to the state of the country at present,
far more forcibly than at their date, in 1791.-


Then, our produce was only subject to certain
restrictions in Europe. Now, a most important
staple is wholly excluded ; and the others, in
consequence of a superabundant exportation,
have fallen to one-half or one-third of their fhrmt
er p ices. I under the former circumstances, it
was our duty to contract as fast aspossibie ourt
wants of Europe," how much more imperative
is that duty at present!
The following view of the fall of the prices of


some of the grealeading articles of American ble authority. Fas est ab hoste doceri, Cropper tramples under foot in her own practice, was to-
expor in: L-i e e l,will show ho.v short.siglue :, and Benson, as respectable a house as any in Li- tally and deservedly ab.-ndnned, and a new tariff,
and how ul,.ablyLegliera, on statesmen have vcrpo.,1, hauv Ltery issued a most important cir enacted March 22, 1822, by far more replete with
been ir. not mikig some prolisio.t to guard a- cula, fraught with instruction, and with luminous prohibitions than any other in the world, of which
ginst the _onsenl.ncesof the eo. mou-, dimino- and common sense views of the proper policy to I annex a short view.
tion that has takepl ce in our means f paying be pursued by our southern planters, It is discre. Among the prohibited articles are manufac-
o fo -ei g Ise. ditable to our statesmen that such sound vie"s tures of iron, copper, bronze, leather, cotton,
1o7. 1818. 1819. 1822 have wl lly esc ped them. hemp, paper, glass, earthen ware, Rcc.-also li-
Si'l 3. .g. 1. 1819. t. ,"Tlhplanters are giving,in some cases, forty cents for quors, carpenters'and joiners' work, eob oidery,
-pril3. lug.1. rch 13. Oct. cotton bagging. Thisthe- might make themselves tifrom sugar, &c.; in a word, aimtiot-i eveiy article is ex.
Jamesrivcc cotton, as is done in the Birazils, with great advanttag.se., cldcd which the subjects of Russia can supply.
tobacco-- ] They night also make theirown clothing, especallv T e wh le number excesrl 300
,per lb. l)d, a 1 9 4 da 10 iLSd n a 9d 3)d .a6 2' "thattofthe ne groes. If they changed their system in x e 't le number exceeds S00.
per ib. e 10d a 1 9:-dal d Sd a 9d Sd a G' this respect, anld gioew and la ttde even' tng tlheiy vWhut a contrast these measures furnish with
Kentucky, 6d a l6d( a 1 id a 7dl 2d a 4 ,I" wanted, they ;,ih; certainly sel! their surplus cotton all our -olicy Alnd at what an immeasurable dis-
icu,"50s 26s a 28s a I any price. Butit must bebornein mindthatthet woulcll tance are we left behind by a nation whom our
Iituerxe .d fhi s a t 28s 1s ii 9I y c ssto" sell. h ave .... .. I ..
prc, :9(a 42i 7 a 50 s a 24s 14s a 15 e much less to sell. Th have .... prie is disposed to regard as semi-barbarous !
"iaxsee, 1 s .' 60s a t4s 34s a as i some p'ar'ts ot'North Carolina, a-r .. i. No mI i .1 : c e
Saving is ca ied ou1 ii lost ec.,ry pat. ofthii world, t I ii tilS country has ever dared to p|l')osc
Ulard cotton aragd, in Livroul, in ; "and a little coisidaion wotd sow what ad vantiges a prohibiting of any article whatev-r, how perm-i-
year lb 14, 34d--id 1820, 20 ,d -and on the "they ouhd have in inaiiiutlicutring'. clous s ever it' importa-ion. 1ihe duties otn a
8th of Octobei last,vwas from 6. t. 8 d. lihe bale of cotton, which the planter can sell i or 4/. nuLr toured tobacco and snuff, and on coa.-t, coLt-
Is it wonderful hat our exports at present U. cannot be delivered to the British nanottiacturr .-s, are, it is true, n,.ly prohhbitory. But th-.
"foi nles s thant 91. ;Ori"d wi Iiieti to ti-is tein cxp.e ol B u n aitti
should fal so lamentably below our imports, "e i1ibuiing is aldd ., the whole cannot be conveyed back qulHstio.- of a paltry addition of eig-t or ten per
$ 17,000 000 in ninqmunthn-ano that thl coun- to the planter without uti addition ior \lly /~iy per centi. c-'t, to :he duties on fij.: c,)ttins and on wvooii.n5,
tiy is exhausted ofils metalic mediuni, of wh:cl" in duty and in profit. Then we mi'y ntirly saN, that in e&c. which art' ea -. i 1 have cost ths couo1 2 y
', exput.: td w iin ii .,, lisct1 year, 8 600 00o exporting cotton and importing imaiuictirur,.I goods, d iing the ,.i C y, -bably S 0i,000,00u
..-lpI 'I(., -'r ng 01C Dres .) Y ,
o tr e th an w e i pt l ti ? .the.., 10 0 P er ew on (he -w ag e8 P aid in n g i a t -1--, t e e x c ie d a o st V a 0gry0ps0
Volumes might ;e written on the su!bject ot -/ a,,ini c ured the/ at ithome. t t on, & as ovsrw ironing an opposition through -
our situation, p:,st aid prescio-our exi-.ti:g po- Whiat a volume of condemnination of the self-de- out our couitryi, ,:s i the most sac; ed righla oti
liiy-ims cunseqon-;es--and '.ur or.-pet policy ~t; ,,c.iv. nature of the southel a policy is here ex. person and pt e'tl were about to be deatioyed.
lor the future Bu ihe t i>. l1,nii. be c...ndeti-e'J hihitef And, won]!- if-1 tiu :.11, tobacco and cotton plan-
within a lew lines. We co,,suncm more ir'i F, Europe will receive from us nothing but iwh,.t ters, the ore -ecturd, -s I observed, by duties al-
f- reign nations, than they receiv-e hfom us. F-r suits her put.- rvises 0' must copU' her er.vanwple, lnost abiogether u.rcuhihitory, ;lh other by duty
the balance, we pay thrns partly in specie-Oartly or abid? iie conrwquenr.s lVe ioughlt to rrceice .nid frei.-ht oh 82 pei cent. flave united in the hs-
in government and o.,her sock-,. N-: small tart trimt her nohig btwi,.t.-tuifsour poruoses. To tile array against- th:ir fellow citizens Even n-
is spunged away, to the discredit (ot our cuniry, this poiiit'wve wiil uultiiihat'l cme-but r'hen the never to-be-forg.;t-en yearofdesolhtion, 1819.
by the iaiankruptcy of our itizents., the victims of or where ? that is th rs!sti:on."'' I fondly flatterl who:n swift destruction was r-.pidly swallowing up
a misguided policyy The renitiiider constitute" my:-elf, sexagelaiat, as I am, t, live to sce this the manufacturers of cottons and woollens, eve.
a debt, for which our fortunes andf toos .it ouir r-ag.-animous priicy;:dopted. ry avenue to relief was bl eked up by the un-
children, are nimortgaged. And this -las is the National pride, when rcstr;ai;ed within due feeling intei position of C!.ami-ers of Commerce
sua e of things in a country, which las bt,.'n on bounds, is pr-.ductiveof ar teas. a :: .uch good as -committees of merchants-and x.grir utur:lsu-
the point, by its Legtislature, of probiuncing thi ill. It excites a scorn and abhorrence of any cleties, whose clamor- d;or ned the supplications
panegyric on itself, that it was th.; row enlight- thing that is rlme:-.. or disho'.,rable, a-.d- often of the sufferers, and s-al d their destruction. But
rened nation in the world-a countryjas has b-'.e t. nts to illustrate and clevatec to.e human charac enough of this odious subject.
a thousand times said, .nj .yi g adva.ges n.-,, r ter. But, when it lead., as it unfortunately some- In the cicular acco,',panyi-tg the Russian t
exceeded, rarely equally i 1 Whi a waste of times does,in this country,to an overweening opi- riff, the Emperor Alexa,,der depicts, in feeling
national wealth, power, and resource--of iidivi- nion of cur ow, superiority, and more especi-,lly language,the lamentable state of his country-and
dual prosperity and happiness when it induces us to spurn the lessons taught by places in a strong point of light the delete ionus
The sacrifice of national wealth which we have the ample experience of other nations, it is the consequences of the plausible theories of "com.
made, from the commencement of lue govern- fruitful parent of the rnost pernicious consequen- mercial freedom," the ignis fatuus by whic.. ,our
inent, demands some detail, and exceeds eve:'y cs.'. Our conduct has been thatof a wilful, head citizens have been too long and ruinously led as-
idea that would be formed by any minn who had strong youth,who closes his eirs and shut-, his eyes tray. To a statesman f good sound co,,men o
not made minnute calculations on the 'ubj ct. st th,- lessons oflhis senisitrs-and will m ke fatal sense, this circular would be a sufficient chart to
We exported to Great Britain lasiyear about experience fol himself. In truth we carry our guide his steps
300 000 bales of cotton, which weighed ab,,ut folly still fur.her-for we not only Ieuse to pro- "To produce happy effects, the principles of commer-
100,000,000 lbs. I shall predict, ny calcuia fit by the experience of the great nations of Eu- "cial freedom must be generally adopted. The state
tions only upon an equal quantity tis year, al rope, Great Bitain, France, Russia, and Autria, which adopts whilst the others reject them, must condemn
s o i po tity ti yearal-rope, Great Britain, France, Russia, and Austria, "its own industry and commerce to pay a ruinous tribute to
th ugh the export was probably gyratcr. But but een your own terrible experience in 1784, "those of other nations.
,he reasoning vill not be affected by tie increase 5. 6. 7, aid 8-as well as by that of 1817, 18. 19, "In proportion as the prohibitory system is extended
or decrease of the amou-.t. ant 20. "and rendered perfect in other countries, that state
The average price of upland cotton tlis Su, pose a farmer, a planter, or a merchant, "which pursues the contrary system, makes from day to
year, atLiverpool, hiasbeenabouteightpen e su .ot'unde.i by neighbors, of whom one class d ay sacrifices more extensive and more considerablee*
sterling, per lb. at which rate lutenient to the nanujctue
amount to aboup 3,3,0lbat which equalt o 011 .. were prosperous by good management, and the of other countries-and its owTn manufactures perish in the
Deduct to abeiout,30,000 insurancequal toommission dl- other going rapidly to ruin, by total want of sys "struggle which as yet they are unable to maintain.'"
ty, and other charges, at least lid, per 11 tem, or by a pernicious system. WVnat would "lt is," adds tius invaluable state paper, "with the
lmost lively feeling of regret, we ackinowledge it isour
amounting to 625,u000. equal to 2,750,000 prudence dictate to him ? Surely to pursue the "prmostper experieny cewhelin ofh enables swe to twleace this picture
course of the one,with undeviating exactitude, and The el which, dteteals have been realized in Hussia and
hiclh leaves for the American shippers, $10,583,000 to shun, as he would the forked lightning, big "Poland, since the concision of ihe act of the 7-19 of Dec
The mc-iea-ed value by :manufacture, as state, with fate, the downhill, precipitous career of tte "1818. AnliCULTURE WIThOU0: A MARKET, INSDSTRTY
by Colquhoun, was formerly alminsi five-fold. their whose ways lead to the bottomless pit of "s TrnnOT P-OTF.CTION, LAIsUISH Aoi EscassIx. SPECIE
"Tre raw utaterial has -,ince fallen 75, and wages bankruptcy and destruction. "IS EXORT i-AND THE MOST SOLAD COMMERCIAL HOUSES
25 Der cent Whereas the mr farttred attinte Q k AILL SHdAKEN.


p L v c n ar a tu reat met ti.it:
ha-, fallen but about 30. It is, thcrefire, proba-
ble, that the increase in value is at resentt ab- ut
seven- olh-but, to be within bound I shall only
assume five-fotd.
The cotton, therefore, which cost the Bri.
tish manufacturers 1,S23,33000, produced,
when manufactured, $66,666,000
Leaving a national gain of $53,333,000

To be divided among the capitalists, the work-
men, and for.ith' sipicort of tve-rnment,
But,as the British consumption is probably
at least tne-third niore than our exportation,
the total national gain by this ail-important
branch, the present year, is above $70,000,000

Is it wonderful, then, that Great Britain has
towered so thigih above other nations-that she
was able to subsidize half the mc'na.cius of Ea-
rope--and finally furnish the funds whereby the
eyorbit-nt power of Bonaparte was overthrown ?
Let us now see how we manage our affairs in
this regard-
For 100,000,000 lbs. of cotton, which pro-
duced, by manufacture in Great Britain,
$66,666,000, the U. States have received ii10,583,000
Our importation of cotton goods this years
probably $10,000,000, which, according to
the supposition, has been produced out of
15,000,000 lbs. of cotton wool, which cost the
British manufacturer $ 2,000,000-but for
which we received about $1,600,000
Thus, the plain state of the case is,
1. The British made a clear national gain by
our cotton crop, of $53,333,000
2. The United States received for it, ex-
clusive of freight, only $10,583,000


Sucn is toe course an enlightened statesman
will pursue. He will cast his eyes around the
wide theatre ofhuman affiairs-examine with the
utmost solicitude and care what has led to the ex-
traordiniry prosperity of some nations, far beyond
:heir natural advantages-and what has blasted
aod blighted the choicest gifts of Heaven, lavish-
ed with the utmost profusion on other nations.-
rhese points duly weighed cannot fail to lead to a
prosperous result. They were duly weighed in
,he great mind of Hamilton, and produced that
admirable production, the report above quoted.
Let us hope, then, that, abandoning plausible
theories, which, h wever ardently urged by the
misguided, or interested and wily politicians of
the old wo Id, are scouted with disdain out of the
practice of every prosperous nation in Europe,
our statesmen wiil avail themselves of the expe-
rience aund wisdom of the old world. Here the
ground is clear. With the strong light of fact
and experience, a statesman of moderate talents
might safely guide the vessel of state, and binrg
her i to tl.e desired haven of prosperity ano hap-
pin.,ss. But the united talents of a Culbert, a
Sully, a Franklin, and a Hamilton, are of little a-
vail, when under the guid-nce o tthe talse lights
of, and exposed to the shoals and quicksands pre-
sented by plaiaibie but deceptive theories,
"That lead to bewilder-and dazzle to blind;"
which, though contradicted by the general expe.
rience of mankind, are still cherished by certain
theorists with as much zeal as the doctrines of
thu Koran by the pious foll-,wers of Maho..et.
Let us then see what hias beei the course pur-
sued by various nations in Europe, and what i'avue
been the results of different schemes of policy ii,


"It is only after those evils have reached their height-
"after events have proved that our agrricultire and com.
"merce, as well as our manufacturing industry, are brought
to :he brink of ruin, that his imperial majesty came to a
"resolution to come, with that spirit of frankness and
"confidence, which presides over the relations of the al-
"lied monarchs, to an explanation with the court of Ber-
"'in."
Leaving these strong facts and luminous opin-
ions for consideration, I must defer till my next
the case of Great Britain, France, and Holland.
December 11, 1822. HAMILTON.

JEFFERSON, VA. LAND FOR SALE.
W .will sell, on very liberal terms, abour 333 acres
Sot fertile lime stone land, part of a tract called
oliannon Hill, of which about 210 acres are 1i cultiva-
tion, the rest well wooded, lie improvements are
small frame dwelling house,t with good out houses,
large and convenient barn, on a strong stone foundation,
with ample shleds and stabling, and a corn house; also,
a good brick house for labor. rs; ail of which are conve.
nient to never failing springs of water, of the purest
kind. There is also a fine orchard of the best summer
fruit fo.r distilling brandy, which has been proved to be
of a singularly excellent flavor. There are, on varii uss
parts oi the land, and particularly near the river, sites
ftb" further improvements, if desired. As u the hi.alu
of the situation, it has been i-remarked by the oldelfst aud
most observant inhabitants, that it hias been iiitfornuly
exempt -ramn any local diseases, being well ailed, a-id
free from the ricer fogs. The discovery of the Siha:-
nondaie Springs has given to the neighborhood a sim-
ple and agrecal le antidote and cure for numerous dis.
eases. Trn dwelling house is situated immediately op-
po,.ie tioe S-Wrngs, anti commands one of the most ad-
auired scenes on the river.
It is about 4 miles frutm- Charlestown, 11 from Har-
per's Ferry, i2 from 3 dttferent grist nills, and albut 3j
from the Washigilion mnils, or, the Sli-ianddoah, which
is of some conuaejuince in those dry seasons which ex-
haust the common null streams,


And, finally, we have been paid for the crop papera tionp. o th ua te ne a ityo i,- W. FAIRFAX.
of 100,000,000 lbs. by 15,000,000 lbs. return. paper iuiposu on me the necessity of brevity-so W. St. C. F siNFAX.
ed to us in a manufactured state, leaving the that I sisall confine t.yself to the cases of Russia, F.i iDINANDO FAIRFAX.
remaining 85,000,000 for the exercise of the in. Fi ance, Great Britain, and Holland. In this in. dec 21-law4t
dustryof a foreign nation, quiry I shall be obliged to repeat facts and argu-
On these frightful facts, I make no comment, ments I have used elsewhere. The nature of the Triadelplhia Colton Factory
I only pray the reader, whoever he be, to ponder case renders this course unavoidable, and will, 1 FOI )Ai,,E.
well on them, and judge whether a system pro. presume, save me from the necessity of making -N consequence of the decease of Thoras Moore, late
duciog such effects, requires any great cau- any apology Lne of tue partners in the above estatishineut, the
tion" in making a total change of its provisions i Russia, i, 1816, enacted a tariff, fi aught with remaining proprietors.have c.,,nclu.ed otler, at rnvatc
It is painful to state-but the truth must be prohibitions, ana with neavy duties, which fosler- sale, the T-iadclphia estate, .atuated iun Montg mery
fearlessly stated-that, while the cotton and tobac- ed her industry, and promoted her pi asperity. In county, Mlarynland, on ste Patuxent river, about 25 mits
co planters had brisk markets and high prices 1820, she w.,uld faint y the expe. im-nt of those ti'om Baltmored, .ec tin same dstanM.e fillm Was iungls
for their grand staples, they disregarded the suf- plausible theories of trade regulating itself" tialy uilt oFtoine, 45dfeet by 29, three store e s higii, and
ferings, sported with the interests, and neglected and ftet us-alone," which the me.niorable S.lc,., oaaitniag 564 ctrussel spituidles, and a pair oi mulca, 13
the just claims of their fellow citizens. The prin- met-morial i'r.-nounces the r, tional doct me, that carding niachites, several of which are entirely new, aliti
ciple was distinctly avowed, that, lest cotton and national wealth is best p om;,ted by a fret, inter- al. oither necessary maclain-i tfor thie astat'hslhient :u
tobacco should be subjected to high duties, or change of commodities on principles of perfctt dniiitple best antder; 10 pox loote, est napruve cpla
prohibitions, no additional duties should be im- reciprocity." She repealed aliost all he pri~- also, set of Wool Carding Machint s. Tnere is also ,,n
posed on manutactures-uid, for the same rea- hibitions, and greatly reduced her ditnes, foli w- .he premises, a merchant nutll. built of thle bes, mate-
son, no attempt has been made to retaliate the ing as nearly as possible the principles of Ada,. llaisi, t complete order, with two pair of nive feet
exclusion of our bread stuffs, so pernicious to the Smith, J. Baptiste Say, and the other renivwne- s.nes, .oe .i ehi tis kno..n by the nabe of Short
ilild'btonOs, at.' the- ,ttr. 1Btirr, both eofthe best quaitty
iniddle states philosophers of that school, in which tiory is th s Mill is well situated for dius a large country DOust
The printer of the Southern Patriot, whose de. every thing, and fact nothing. Then expeinmcrit ness; likes s.,, a Saw-numil in compe e order.
cisions are by many regarded as ora-ular, declar- had two years' full trial in 1820 a>,! 1821 hlie Tne dweilAing ho,tuses art various, co.sisting of onei
ed, that it was of no i importance to the planters country, like the U. St-te,' was dclu.ed wit, io- stone hous 4o by 20 f:-ct, two stories high, one brick
whether they sold their cotton in Europe or in the reign goods far beyond the voiue of its exi,uoris. jo ouse sane iiw nsions; aiso, several f amtne anau logdwel-
United States ; that is, in other words, whether fo. It soared precisely the same tame as we h.vC done-. outonuses, sttablf torth acIscommonation if a upem i-
reign nations or the U. States should derive the Is circulating medium was swept away tu. pay td,,asi, at. tncu workmen necessary ftr the cabtaish-t-
benefit of the manufacture. A very patriotic sen- the baiince of trade. Baitkruptcy, distress, and ment. there is attairhid to this seat ab,.ut 300 ac'Ls of
tment truly To such narrow views is to be as. ruin, oversp:ead the fact of the lai.d. The eCi- olad, 0o tCue ioeat quainy, 120U acres of wiv. lihare in cuhii-
cribed the reduction of the price of their staple, peror and his council were app,,lled at the havoc baits,ce as c,,slc '% civi.,,dt) tie useoin. he situ itheu
caused solely by our superabundant exportation, made of the prosperity, resources, a',l revenue of swe, woitCl the ttiention oI captalisis, rt beeingconsi r-
which a proper encouragement of the domestic the state. They awoke out ofthedel,.sive drea.. ed Ihe best 'water power ii tClte coiuty, thire beiig a
market would have prevented. Had 100,000 into which they had been lulled. Tbeir eyes: suffictncy tor at least 5000 spindles in tie dry tim.
bales of c,'tton additional been used in the Umrot- were completely opened Th'hy repented o f tie nf cus,1.i1ou seasons on ourth of tie pu-rclian s
ed States, or burned, in the years 1820 and 1821, pernicious folly of which they had been guity, c :aslo rig credit wdl be- allowed. Apehca ionn may
the residue would have brought more than the and took prompt and decisive m, a-ures to rtepair' bce nind -lfehr persot;il, ,n;. by:letter, to Jolin painter,
whole has done, the evil, as fta as re-paraton was pi ecticabic. The residing utn ith premises.
But as my simple assertions might have little plausible theory sof Adam Smith, which E.gla,>d CALEB BENTL'LY & Co,
weight in the case, I uphold them by indisputa. holds out for adoption to all foreign nations, but ldec 21-law4t


-" --, -5




BY AUTHORITY.

[PUBLIC ArT.]
AN ACT autloriiingl an Additional Naval Force for the
S, i,);ressbioni of PI'l-a'r .
BIt it en leted by the Xeuoate and HItose of Re-
pr;,nicattvws ,of the United Htatrsf ,- America in
C,.,. ,y a,'sehbed, '1 "at the P es dent o! the
U. t(.d iuitcs be, a.nu h hereby is, authorized to
p 'rcatae or cost ;uct a su:cien: number of ves-
sc!', in .;iti)n to those tIow employed, of such
burti'h)n and consructii'n :.s he !:nay deemin neces-
,,: y. d t' lit, equip, .:.d roan the s-,me for im-
ateal,ate -.ervice, i r tbh p'rnpose of repressing
pir cy, and aff iat diu cf-fctual protecti..n to
!he ciiz'ns and commie rce of the U;iticd States
in the Gulf of Mexico, and the seas and territo-
rie, adjacent.
Ser-. 2, .ndi be it further enacted, That the
sum of one hundred and sixty thousand dollars
be appro,.ritecd to meet toe expenditure to he in-
curred as atbresaid, and p..id out of any money
in the Fieasury, not othe; wise appropriated,
P. P. BARBOtUR,
Speaker of the House of representatives.
DANit 1 D. TOMPKINS,
Vice President of the Jnited States and President
of the sensate.
Washington, Dec. 20, 1822. Approved:
JAMES MONROE.

THE WASHINGTON DIRECTORY.
JUSi publ shed, thie WA'HING1 ON DIRECTORY,
shewing thi i ame, occupation, and residence of
ealc head of a family and person in business, with the
nanes of the Members of Congress, and where they
board, together with a complete list of the Corporation
Officers, and other useful inforn'maon. being the first
General Directory for the City of VWashington ever pub-
lished ; price l.
f'he Directory will be for sale at the bookstores, after
subscribers have been supplied, who may obtain their
copies as fast as they are ready for delivery, at the Print-
ing Office of William Duncan, on 12th street, where the
work is also for sale, and by the put lisher.
JUDAH DELANO.


dec 21-3t


G. R M.


dec 19--w3t


Excellent Furniture at .dction.
O N Saturday, the 21st instant, at precisely nine
o'clock, A. M. I shall sell, at public auction, at the
New City Auction and Commission rooms, corner of
7th street and Pennsylvania avenue, all the household
and kitchen furniture of the late JOHN LAW, Esq. de-
ceased, and consisting in part of
Mahogany Sideboard and Chairs
Dining, Breakfast; and Card Tables
Mantel and Pier Looking Glasses
3 first rate French Time Pieces
2 new Brussels and otherr Carpeting
Bureaus, Secretary, and Book Case
Feather Beds. Mattresses, and Bedsteads
Fenders, Shovels and Tongs, and Andirons
Window Curtains complete
Fa-cy and Witdsor Chairs
Mantel Ornaments, Prints, &c &c.
Terms will be liberal, and made known at the time of
sale. Goods mny be seen at any time previous to the
sale.
deec 19-ds P.MAURO, auctioneer.

POSITIVE SALE OF LOTS.
ON Saturday, the 21st inst. will be sold at auction, to
the highest bidder, without reserve, at the new Ci-
ty Auction and Commission gooms, corner of 7th street
and Pennsylvania avenue, opposite the Centre Market,
the following lots, to wit:
Lots No. 14 and 15, square 368,'containing 31951 sq. ft.
3 4and 12 do 401 do 18975 do
16 do 446 do 9140 do
7 do 480 do 7470 do
1 11 and 12 do 482 do 20970 do
14 and 37 do 513 do 12400 do
16 do 516 do 6711 do
8 do 523 do 10t690 do
2 and 4 do 525 do 14940 do
The sale will take place at precisely 4 o'clock, P. M.
Terms cash, or notes, at short dates, satisfactorily endor-
sed, bearing interest. On the payment of the mcney, an
indisputable title will be gwven.
P. MAURO,
Auctioneer and Commission Merchant.
dec 14 eots

Carriage, Gig, and Horses, 4-c.
AT AUCTION.
T precisely 12 o'clock, M. or -,atu day next, the 21st
_L nst. will be offered for sale, to the highest bidd-r,
intront of the subscriber's City Auction and Commission
Rooms, opposite the Centre Market, the following valua-
ble articles belonging to His Excellency Hyde de Neu-
ville, late Minister from France.
A Carriage and Double Harness
Also,
A new first rate Philadelphia built Gig and Harness,
together with a Horse
An excellent Saddle Horse
A case containing a set of superb Duelling Pistols,
with all the necessary apparatus, finished in the
very best style
A most superb Detonating or Percussion Double
Barrel Fowling Piece. The best perhaps ever
imported in this country
Terms made known at the time of sale, by
P. MAURO,
dec 19- auctioneer.

Valuable Books at .Auction.
W ITHOUT reserve, on Monday, the 23d inst. at
early candle-light, will be sold al. B F. -RENNUi'S
Auctini tooms, ext to Brown's Hotel, the toliowing va-
luable BooUs: Chilty on Bills, Pieadiigs, and Criminal
Law, Wilies', Maryland, Virgmina, Petnsylvania, Tyler,
Vt-se, ;.ranch, &c. Reports; Laws Un ted States,
White's Digest, American Digest, Cnitty and Vittei's
Lai of Na, tits Coke on l.yttl ton, Law of Ca. i ers and
Liten, Siate Papers. Erski.e's Speccies, &c. &c,; Ana-
lectic and EuropeLin Magazines, complete sets; Br.tish
Poets, ltinhlin's Works, Spectator, Fadler, World,
Cincisse ur, Shakespeare's Plays, Hallam, Hume and
niiiolle,,)Josephus,Tacitus, Gibbon and Rollin'.s Histories,
Jor.; Jos Qiuarto Dictionary, Edward',s West in-
Weekly Regiser, &c. &c. Bell, Cooper. Bayer, Dorsey,
and PLlt's Surgery, Bell's Anatomny, S.-,damore on the
Gout., 'Faillj.';ie on Liver Cumplains, bwedtaur, )Deq-
man, ianisboutam, I triai's Meica! HiStori.s, MagUendie.
,.nd Riche rand's P'hysiology, &,. with a te'w hI,.ologicai
'o orks, &ic which will be specified in a Catalogue pub.
wished on Monday.

One share in the Washington Library, Maps, &c.
B. F. FRKN-NA,
dec 21- aucl.tIc er.

11OTICE is hereby given, that the subscriber has
-11 obtained, fromin tlie Orpoaus' Court of Washing-ton
C on the pierscinal estate ot itiDOlAil 'l SHAEli, ,ate o
Wtsliingoii county, deceased: :i pers~,ns itaving c!;aiins
agallist the sl.d dec-ease ., are hereby warned to exitiiit
ite same, with tihe voucberas tiereot, to tile s'bscrleeir,
at or before the llh tany ofi Dec,,,ber nex; tihev :na.
other wise, by laf, u,e exc'iiuded m r : a l benei, of tie
said estate. G've cn l- dr ny li[ind, this 1-.thi ay f i)ec
cetutber, in tihe yerr 1! f.


LEIVIS SILOMIO~IN,










(ggOfgt'g of jt t E t BLE, requesting from the President of the United ARMING MILITIA WITH RIFLES,- powers of Congress over this District, they may do this, I The Earl Dalhousie, Governor of Lowet' ~a&
Starts inf -niation a' d es :m tes of t,- .xp.-nse Mr. VRIGHT .ibit.ed e oini g: why may they rot make corporations forany otherobject? ada, h ts. by proclamation, dated November SO,
f(hv ghtnfe Peole heCeofoNewYo k de-
Second Session of the Se-venteenth UCongress. fortifyIng Tho:.psn's Ia,.d, commonly cal. RResolved, That the Committee on tie Militia be in- reon t incorporate a anoktlh scir obe 1822, announced the assent o' the Kip, of Eng
Key Wv e-t, on the coast of FL rida, was then tak- s0ructed to inquire into the expediency of arming the establised within this District? Suppose it to be pro- 'id to two bills, one for the ircorpoor:tion of the
FRIDAY, ECEMB 20. en u and the qus:ion being stated on agreeing s, exc tse residinin cites, tows, psed: the question wouldnatural be asked, where Q bec Bank, ad th other for the incorporatio
FRIDAYDECEMB 0.thereto- villages, and report thereon by bill or otherwise. ill you transact your business! In New York. Where of the Batik of Canada.
In fri1 i 'hi. rS U l n, \ V'"-RIGHT do vou live ? In New York. flow, then, do ou clothe
IN THE SENATE. Mr Es cTjs submitted whether' it would not said, he had submitted it inconfidence of theiattention yoursevswivithe property of 'localtynere: So with -
The following engros et! bis, ordered yester- bh expedient to let this resolution lie on the table for of tl e to the subject, it beiin one of the first it- this Association, &c. Here an explan.iton tool: place MARRIED,
day t, b read ai third ime, were s-verally read the present. It was well underI:tood, he said, that a stu- portance, tie protection of the liberties of the people, Mr. C. being -apprized that the bill contained provision On the 17th inst. by 'he Rev. Mr. Bork, Midshipman
a third :ime. passed, and sent to Lth House of Re- vey ofthe coast of Florida, &c. had been ordered, and and from. his owni experience in the use of fire arms, that the piopeirtj of the Associition should be confined INS e ne d rNy s n
was now in a train ofexecution. That being the case, it having taken a hand in ttwo wars. he hoped tr the to this Dstrict. Mr. C, said, that his suggestions went GRIFFIN TIOMPKINS, of the United States' Navy, son
presetati s, for concurrence, iz not being possible that the President would yet give the attention of he House to his rarks. he militia in on to establish the propriety of further time to exam- of the Vice Pesident of e United States, to Mis
A ill con cerni..g the lands to be granted to information r quired, he thought the adoption of the te- tle country, said Mr. W. in toeir dispersed situation, can ine, which was confirmed by the misapprehension as to LOUISA, daughter df JOHN LE FO(T, Esq. of Staten
the state of Missouri fur the purposes, of educa- solution would at this time be premature., never e taught the use of the musket, and rnanomuvres the provisions of the bill. if; on proper examination, it Isld, New York.
tion, and other public uses; M. l' RIMBLE said -I ha'l soiin st d it w .,l.i ,necessary to fit them to contend with a regular foreign should appear that the bill was not liable to constitutional On sdayast, the Mr. Mr
A bill for the relief of XValley and Foster, and have been entirely unnecessary for lhim. to make any .y- army. The labor they undergoi in their pe1 ioducal n mnet- objections, he should with all his heart support it.n y eve st by tMr
A bill for the relief of Jacob Ba bitt planalion of the object of this resolution and that any ing's, their marclungs andcounteu -rarches; their luggiing Th. bill ws then ord.e-r.d to lie on the table ; JOHN 0BER to Miss ANN UST, all of this city.
Aosuch explanation, uponI a motion for inqu ryb, wol' he "a ii-iri rusty muskets fi7 U or six nniks, or, "'e'advenii e, bht was su bsequntly ualcen up, oo motion of O.
The bills which passed the House of Repre- mere consumption ofatime. ie was decidetlyif u ioni ti siks for fistil is paiil t;e to a spc- t uLISBYato7iss 'mAtiIA L ,. TrTiEMr. HORATIO
sent.lives) este day, --nd were br,.uh up h f' r coO; that this inquiry ought not to be post owned We ought, tator skillet in rms, and I kiciv vastly distr.,sig to Mr. FULI.E, and recomn!Itcd (or such amend- L to Miss RACHAL. E. T,(HER.
cu rence, were severally read the first time. said he, to ac upon this subject at the present Sessio-n. tie county militia. They, b:r, ohve s chb disgust to this intent as Mr F. thought should take avway all ob-
The ur-sclution offered yesterday by i r. JOHN- t-is own opinion was, that the President ought in his business, and such antiaiby l o -dile dlies of moilitia-nen, section to it ) to the Committee on Naval Affairs. -gC-Te Rev Mr. BREcKF.C ENRiDGE will per-
SON ofLo.and Mrecommen. JOHNSON odedK. respectively, e ded thissubiect to the ten- have so httle confiinci ie tii tt ;-s to coutied with iT ':i Ont-ross,.(l bill tx pr-vide for the apont- form Divine Service in the Represen,ati;-cs' Hall to.-or-
soN of Lou. and Mtg. JOHNSoN of K'c. respectively, I of Co gress; te surveys not haing bee t ade, a rd g'a ac rthy, thti te c0sd e's ac iTi Ios acr-a U i- "ofe fi tdn rifcehetri orrfcow moriiigtt 11 o'clock.De e
were severally taken up and agreed to however, as certainly a sufficient reason why the reces to the lietis otf' ntr, wh s c pl- et f an d.tional J e or the Territory of w mornn t 11 o'clock. ec 1
Mr. BARTON, from the committee of Claims, commendation was not introduced into the Message. ed to fight. But. Sir, arm lth co.rni, militia with rifles, Michigan, was read a third time, and, on motion MI. WALTER'S SECOND ORA'i'ON,
reported a bill for tihe relief of Ebenezer Stevens Mr. T. said that he should himself have brought forward! d possess each ofthenm wilh a rilc, co e pei them to -If \lr. NELRON. of Va it was ordered, for the to be givenlast evening bu .stponed
and others which was read! this subject at the last session of Congress, but for the meet as iofte. as may thouit neicssar,, and i;strbte present, to lie on thea ibhle ) tobc qiven i- t evening, but ilbstponed
very- irctunstance that hie had expected that tie leoardi the fi es -u-l fi -i- '-5 iintOi-ito preiiiitml t slbi)r sharp shoot- IIThe engrrossed tiSl ti nke perp etual the ac p '.,nucu red tlt i ening (Satur tyw) at hlfwpast7 o'clock
The bill for the relief of the representatives of IofTopogra)phical Enigineers and Naval Officers w ouldl iig-tal s scarce to eove t fiouth a of July, -pe-h ,g to ae eceti a r seml s
Alexander Montgomery, dec'd. passed through a have been sent duringthe last suimmerin, to survey that po- tual, one of ilo-se dl;ys ; and. sir, you" will relieve the c 18 toelathecolecin at iAebly OO.de
committee of the whole, and was ordered to be sition. The frequency of piracies in those seas, the militia fromnan niio rablc burthenul, g'iNi them a perfect lies onc i:imprts and tonnrgeg, w's read a third de 21
engrossed fora third reading. necessity of putting them down, and the importance of confident in their strog'th and power, and iuak-l' nthie, time, PASSED, and sent to ihe Senate for concrir- AUCTION SSALES.
The Senate then proceededto the appointment holding this position for naval purposes, and for a more as 1 have alw ut to y we're, the real bulwark of renc. -T i afternoon at !.lf past 3 o'cioc, at my Auctio
heenatetheproeeder oicolurt-ediin his id recomnend the lhbrties of h itr y iht for iieseis The thre hil lch thi day pa the Sen- L m a, I lla sell great variety of artle, vizc
of a committee on the subject of road and canals, this object to thconsiderationi of the Government. Bit and not like ua pay; they in a e little I eleg Sen- an t
in pursuance of the resolution adopted yesterday, what does this Board of Surveyors say ? That they have time, a hundred o0: '\) htuVihl d vtisrds would be saule ate, were severally twice read, and crmmitt.d. I -eaut Sieoaret
and Messrs. BRuWN of Ohio, Kita, of N Y., k, examined the ihigolets, and the localities of Mobile Bay, of their object; -' r1 Lcien ocei: ,nL be told o the And the Houoi a'j tic ne.i to Monday. ti- ua Bedsand attresse
SMITH, of Md. JOHNSON of Ky. and RODNEY and carried their reconnoissances as far as Dauphin 1s1. Vast certainty to which Uc;se of the rifle maybe bro't. A qiuaitity of cxceilent BeddinT
were pointed. and, and that their former opinion on that subject was The havoc made at N w 'Ians, nsar te close of The folloin commtees have been recently Bedsteads Coits
were appointed. fill confirmed. And why, Mr. T. asked, did they not the last war, leaves no dob :. ti-sba ct c. I ilocfolownI committees havev beneen recently Bedetbd Cots
Mr. TALBOT, from the select committee ap- carry their rcconaoissances thrther South ? He did not told ofa case, oftwo rilenme here, who siot atthe same appointed bv the Speaker, in pursiance of the gommont dhars, Settee
pointed on that subject, reported a bill m, king an mean to cast blame on them, however, but to express officer, and each claimed hnim -- e said that lie shot to orders of the If u: of Re. resei'oilive-: .,asy C-irs. M arsilles Quilts
appropriation (in blank) for re-'airing the nation- his own opi-iion that Key West oug-ht to have been sur- hit him under the left eve ; t( of i, r that lie shot at his Gn iRetreinchment-Messrs. Hardin, W'hipple, Tracy, 2 Clocks, l'sabater Ornamll ents
al road from Cumberland to Wheeling ; the bill eyed in preference to the other poi-ts. If the House head; he was found to have ba..'c siol just under the left Holcomb, Rloss, Williams of North Carolina, William 2 larg- Pier Gasses me
Sr waited for the report of the Surveyors, as sugg-ested, eye, and also in the head so that he would have been Smith. .Maho y Wds, Grates
was read. they would not be able to act upon the sihbject the pr- killed by either. The immense carnage atNew Orleans On the Salvs of City Lots, &c. -Messrs. Cocke, Wood- Dining- id sar Tables
Mr.. JOHNSON, of Ky. in submitting the follow- sent session, and ofcourse nothing could be done towards seals the truth fall I have said. I have been told, fiur- cock, WVarfd lI, Flod, Lincoln. L .diest )rsai ableso
ing resolution, observed that the information it this work during the ensuing summer. Let any one their, that, after the battle, a bet of a supper was made On the i'., to abolish Iiipri.soinent for Debt.-Messrs. Tumblers, Doca-t'er-, &c.
proposed to call for was necessary to enable the lookatthat point, in its relatonto Florida and to Cuba, between the officers of two rifle corps from Georgia and J. Speed Sith, Nelson of Va. and Cuthbert. together with a variety of other goods.
committee on Military Affairs to proceed under- and e would e satisfied that the Unted states ought Tennessee, of 6 shots a-side, an hundred yards ; that they together ety oer goods.
to expend two millions of dollar., at least, if necessary, shot at a paper on the mouth of a musket, that the de--- 21-M. auctioneeR,
standingly in the enquiry which they were in- in fortifying it, not to guard against pirates, but for the Tennesseeans shot their six balls into tie musket, onauctioneer
strutted to make into the expediency of establish- more important purpose of defending the commerce of which the Georgians gave up the bet. Wnen the British
ing an armory on the western waters ; and, as it the United States -gainst the Island of Cuba, if that s1t- took possession of Kent Island there were said to be Evening Auction.
was desirable to enable the committee to com- and should ever fall into the hands of a power hostile to three rifles inthe hands of the militia ofthe Islantd, & tilo' rIHS evening, it 7 o'. 'ick, I snail sell a variety of
endesr thae no eiry al tarly a o racticatlet hn the United States. Mr. T. said he had carried his recon- concealed to avoid their getting them, kept them in a SATURDAY, DECEMBER 21. nDry Goods, 'Plaid Gloakk, Coats, Pantaloons, Vests,
mence that enquiry as early as practicable, he noisances, on the Map, so far as to satisfy him of the im- constant state of caution, for fear of being taken off, and and a parcel of Books, &c. &c.
deemed it proper to submit the resolution, which portance of this station. He wanted the information up- wLich they were anxious to buy. Besides, he now lAid on the table on the subject now, and he hoped the House would sus- in the supply of rifles is of great consequence ; the rifle We perceive that a motion has been intr-du- mec 21- auctioneer,
tain the call, in order, that, after it shall be received, an barrels can be kept good for a long time; can be reborcd, motion as been du- -
Resolved, That the President of the U. States bere- appropriation for this object may be inserted in the gen and by constant use of oil in their patches, are not liable ced in the Senate of Pennsylvania, contemplating Jersey Wagon at auction.
questedto canseto be aid before the Senate the num- eral Appropriation Bill-he himself being prepared to to rust-when muskets,with the greatest care,are liable to an amendment of the Constitution of the Uni- ILL be sold this after, at4 o'clock, in front of
er of arms required annual to suppiythenmilitia ofthe vote for such an appropriation, unless there should be a rust, and may be bent, and thereby destroyed. Sir, I W m y Auction Room
west, according to the acts of Congress, the probable report against the expediency of it. The House would have no doubt if our militia shall be thus armed and thus tcd States, in such a manner as to reier tne choice m Jersey Vagson.
number necessary to be placed in the military deposits recollect, lie said, that this body must rise on the 3d of prepared, and their feats of sharp shooting published to of President and Vice President of the United M POOR.
located, transportation located on thewestern saters andthe ost March, and it was necessary, i his opinion, that this the world, tht all the powers ofEurope would not be immediately to the People, without the in- dec 21- auctioneer.
of transportation ofarmsto the western states and depo- subject should be previously acted upon. Besides, the 'able to press their officers to land on tour coasts ; but. States
posites ; the probable cost of manufacturing arms in the report, if we wait for it, will not, v'hen it comes, bring sir, if they shall, notwithstanding, have the hardihood, I tervention of Electors. City Dancing Assemblies.
west; thewprobablescost of erecting, atathis time onetheosth it the estimates and other information asked for by have no doubt ley will pany for theirta te, rit y sujI Tere issomenthn plu l ae t MEETING o th gt',tenc, -f tie Ciy is retuest-
westernwaterssuchanArmoryasthatatHarper'seo dobttheyrwiolupaonfyr Terethirmethteplaiblein the aspect of A ed s
w t n a rt ha m y s h a H p s entr o t nt t h c u i c a l o s e b t thj ts m eese n t a p t fd o M s eeoil e 2 3 d in s t. a ta t t1% c tie -
ry orat Springfield ; and such other information as he ir. FLOYD said he was very well convinced, thus oroke,may be acted on at an early day, under- this amendment, but we hope it will not find fa. light, at Carusi's Assemnb!vy Roonm, fo" the pci.,. of
aediency de of e rectin onm important establish the waters a National from his reflections onthe subject, that the fortification stadingy, andthe liberties of this country be thus pre- vo with th Pople o this Union. We ave de ing arrange ent for the City anc Asselies.
expediency of erecting on the western waters a National of the Island, of which the gentleman had spoken, ouget ePeopePnc atdaneen. r sCityeDanci.g Asser,bes.
Arnory. ofthe Island, ofwbich the gentleman had spoken, oue lt se-ved till tile last trump. Puc tual attendance i.. requested.
h' mory, notto take place. The Island in question is distant at Wi how further debate the motion of Mr. cided objections to it, two of which only we will dec21
T he Senate then went into the consideration of least thirty milesfrom the main land of Florida. Now, WRIGHr, was ordered to lie on the table, now stat,,
Executive business, after which they said hie, if we are to have naval depots, let us haIve them dS.NV I-A!IA A n t -s p w n elegant Carriage at Prvate ,S'ae.
Adjourned to Monday. on land-on portions- of our territory that can be ap- U. S.NAVAL FRATERNAL ASSOCIATION. In the first place, it will destroy the admirable FIRae ra e w et
preached without recourse to the ocean. To maintain a The House then, on motion of Mr. FULLER, symmetry of our system. The attempt to ito- A hni:g, but '.e used, .a'tl auCe -I vCa .n-r icuhie
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.depot orfortified station this orany island, would re- took up the bill, lying on the tl fr the prove perfection necessarily produces deformity manner F further prculs iqr f
quire that we should also have command of the sea. If l.st session, fir incorporating the Uiited States' In the second place, such an amendment,.
Several petitions, in number eleven, were not, our enemy could easily find his way between the st session, r corporatin the Unted States In the seond p e ch n amendment
presented, ad referred to different committees, content and the island, and intercept all communication ofvtl Fatteinal Association f or the ree mih in tie, lead to thle elevation to the hiuh Ball at the rashingon .:-. Hall
among which were the followi :between them. All the armies of the United States, of the families of deceased officers; and the ques- >in te, e to e elevation to the htgh WIs lUUl' .hn i
among which were the foll a memowing orial of bought ito Florida, would avail nothing to defend an tion being n ordering th- bll to a third reading- places ofhose whose qualities are more glaring pac on thursday evening. 6h D. cet .br,
Mr. J. S, JOHNSTON presented a memorial of insularstation against a naval force. For thsreasmon, he Mr. COLDEN, professing the most perfect res- than good, and particul,, ly of fortunate military I and c.ntnue ,i the same evenings during nte s5:1so
the General Assembly of the State of Louisiana, praying was entirely opposed to this project of establishing a peet and the best xtishies owr the object of this bill, ex- commanders sw-hose succses gie then, for o o
for agraintoftwo small tracts of land belonging to the naval depdepot on hat island. "g a pte and the best wapp hes or the ject of tis bill, ex- commanders, whose succf eg es give them, org s ill be hutot a e ce on
United States, tobe applied to useful and important pub- i\lr. TRIMBLE said he did not pretend to be tle Ins titution would i e thd e tlouse, it Passingt tile moment, a splendid popularity, eclipsiog the Sa'ur.i:y ,veeiig, ch 28th in lst aisd be ccn,, d ery
lie -purposes;e on Publich Lanmemorial was referred to the Com- urticularls ye conversant withhmatters of this description, i i, toi ttranscend any iower givens to it by the Constitu- lustre of the civil virtueson the exercise of which saturday e eing diurg the s at

M iteFRANPI cJaNdSON p. resented a petition minor was le sure that finally he sho tld vote to esatblishiccti uccoi'the Un sited S tates ,Ilie asked. if Cong -mess eves- balls, s scholars will I e ad roit e gratis. --: c
Mr. FRANCIS JOHNSON presented a petition of naval depot at Key West, or to fortify that island. It was competent to incorlcrate association ofthis descip- the prosperity of the nation must depend. guarduains as'c requested o stler,.--ad:s 1 ad.
William B. Dyer, stating thatin the year819, he pur- information that he now asked for, and not a disburse- tion, how benevolent or excellent soever its purposes? We are opposed to dispensing with the agen. mted with tle same tickets as th C utiti. Parties.
chased of certain individuals in tics City of Washington a menit of oney His prsenwesent impression was, that the if' so, why wouhl they not Ie competent to incorporate c'Io bar room wile be provided wi all rfrts ofures
lot lying in said city, upon whichhle has erected a house; establishment of a naval depot on that island wvoull not other associations for the same or fre mcy other purpose cy of the electoral colleges, though we are fur fresheents, p&c.
that he has subsequently discovered that the title to said increase but would diminish one half'the expenice of the This corporation, said Mr. C. is to extendmthroughoutthe giving to the mode of election of electo s such deb 21-
lot is in the United States; and praying that the lot may fortification of that quarter of our country. The island United States, and to have force through every State. uniformity as shall bring them directly to .he
be sold to him by the United States at a fair valuation, is distant more than thirty miles-it is distant seventy Why not, on the same principle, incorporate an associa. u o ty as sha t directly to he HAIR MATTRESSES
am thatindulgence maybe given as to the tie of pay- miles, from the mailed. From Cape Florida to est tion of farmers, of merchants, r of any other class who test of popular sentiment. The only amendment HE subscribers have on had w of Jackso's
mert; which petition was referred to the committee ap- Key is 70 miles; fom est Keyto Hanna is 75 miles- shall tell us they have the samd benevolent objects ii which appears to us to be mcessaryin thisres- wraier s las on e ,i fa r aret
pointed on the 18th inst. upon the subject of the sale of and the island lies about 35 miles est f a direct line view? e should be told, in all pobabiity that this which appears to us to be ncssay in this es- ilr attesse, o a superior q y,
publiclotsin the saidcity. drawn from Cape Florida to Havanna. It commands the power of incorporation had been heretofore in some ca- pect, is to maake th. Electors, in their respective ment of Chlia, Glass, d Eartheiwae. L,,kiargeGtss,
On motion of Mr RHEA, the Committee on commerce o te Gulf Stream better than Havannah it- ses exercised by Congress. No doubt it had; but, Mrdistricts, directly and uiorly eligible by t Brushes Brita a War a s
Pensions and RevolutionaryClaimsweredis s hrbo i suiciently capacious fo the whole C. asked, upon what principle? On te p ciple thas directly and uniformly eligible by the es iaf a are, ass Pp, Psage
hagPensions and Revoluther considerationary Claims were disNavy of th United States to lie in, supposing it to con- in those cases the power was impliedly given to Con- People. trial Lamps, Bcass and Licerpool Stone do, Day nd MStar
charged from theWiiam Saurther consideration of the sist of fifteen shipsofthl e line, and due proportion of gress. Thereis no express power of incorporation given tin's Japan tlackin, Tea Trays al, smali Waiers.
petitions of William Saltrnarsh and Melker Ba- vesselsofa smaller class. He begged the gentleman to to Congress by the Constitutionu; and whenever acts ot JOHN TAYLOR, (of Caroline,) is elected a Sen- They expect in a few dayst aim ,dditioni toi uhe;irtoc.k i) f
ker, and of Edmund Btoker, and they were or. understand that the fortifications of that island, in thattdescription had been passed, it was upon the ground ETALOarth ei and Glass are, by ie Ab ound i't i i Yo k,
dered to lie on the table, stead of incre asingthe general expense of fortifi- that the Constitution by necessary implication aiftrds the ator of the United States from the state of Via- and Dollar, from loston, which .re daily e X -p,-ctdi The
cations, would diminish that expenditure. It seas the power. He had miever heard the incorpomation of the GiNi., vice Mr. PLEASANi-TS, resigned. The vote, aboe goods will be sold low tom toas, "oid i ,munctual
nMr. RHlEA, from the same committee, made only spot worth fortifying for the defence of the Gulfof r Bank oft tc United States by Congress advVocated 0ol a ny customers.
unf.vorab!e reports on the petitions of George Mexico. As to Dauphin Island, Mr. T. said now, as he other principle than that the power was an implied one, upon his election, was as follows : D BUTLER, Jr. & Co.
Please, Obadiah Norman, and Nathan Forman, had occasion to say before, that it would not answer the the exercise ofwhlich was necessary to the due manasge- For John Taylor 1 1 Penn. Avenue, near tihe Cenrce Ma !:et.
which were read, and the reports, respectively, purpose for which it was undertaken. Nay, if he were li- meant of tihe fiscal concerns ofthe government, to te es- or St. Gao. Tucker 81 dec 21-3t G. e M
concurred in by the House, ving in New Orleans, he would give an invading enemy tablishment of a currency of equal value, which could Hcker 8
food and raiment to induce him to land on Dauphin Is- not be maintained without a fountain head, such as the Johln Tyler 22 Pus! C.,' -
Mr R. also reported unfavorably on the peti- ladies fr the purpose of attacking New Orleans. Bank, fi-om which thecurreicy' ig-ht issue, &c. Could FTiashington, Dec. 2 .
tion of John Watera so far as it respects relief Mi. FLOYD sa.-h, he co-it" 0t c in, eive how any suchiargument be produced in ffhvurofiincorporatsg Speaking of the Pi-eccethingact the Co sIUIISUANT to isiructl ,is. hr*' 'h e S -.it host
by pension on account of wounds he received the fortifying of Key Weste wasto diminish thie expense this association ? ie apprehended not. What tie had Speaking of the Proceedings of the Congress SUAOice, the inth ruc Sti o she t,, .
when on board the Hyder-Ally, in the engage- offortifications, generally. If.ie had understood the gen- advanced, Mr. C. said, was probably suicieit t shei of the United Slates, on the bill for providing an Prede Oric r ther Set r and St h iwts ls- cvia
ment with the General Monk, and leave was tleman, h had supposed it an object worthy of au 'ex- the foundation of his objection to this bill, which appear- additional force for the Suppressioni of Piracy, thle neiw co g tra. wo11 o be'om n sed :0h s ,i..[ i;!er
granted him to withdraw his petition and docu- penditre oftwo millions upon it. Now, Mr. F. said, lie ed so important to him at least as to induce further ex- 'tie Enquirer" says: ry new at s12 o'ck, toco nmeee o .I.nua-.
could not conceive howx fortifting an island, fifty miles amination beforebthe ltouse determined to sanction the We hail these proceedings with thle highest satisfac- heretofore. It wi ceref- r hbe C., ,e 'n- to
VIe its. from thdntruain land, could diiimisih expeeise, wh ie I he principles of the bill lie asked gentleiemenc to dhcrawt th:e :on. Thiey. citm1te t a xot hcc laie, tha,' letters lor- th scee riaihs nhd he i '"' ",- t in
Mr. SLOANE. from the Committee on Elections, himself had witnessed, during the late war, a British se- line tt which Congress were to stop in che exercise of, thoi.e Ihotenan of iepreseomptitude and a vigoor whicl our th Pw, (ha letters for those ails ti e t nA i 0n
made the following report: venty-four, a frigate, and two or three tenders, blocking the power of incorpolration, if tiC Y passed this bill. To h I t s oc--r .o.. .. ttheis1;or .15 oh sehiur efrtcbi tP t r ek. .
The Committee O Elections, to whom as referred up the whole ofChesapea Bay. a Imnagine this islaiil give further tie for enir ,ito thio s subct, MIr. C. uwi pts, D svhoutld beee ie orr to e t it- h st 'cl ,
certificates of the election of members returned to il fortified and stocked with naval stores, &c. and the wished the bill to lie oil the table. i.h.I ln..yi le I LN;Ii t o.d
vacancies in the present Congress, have examined the whole army ofthe United States marched to th shore of Mr. FULLER 3'.,i that, yien this bill was first o s1. The' iean e se eii well calculated foi r the object. tL'os. master,
same and report e ed Florida opposite to th island: and let an enemy's supe- reported, th same gi'ioutds outnsobjectioin. "ad beecc taken Place them under the active genius of' Porterl hie i dec21- G&. & I.r
entitled to seats in this House, vizngpesons: duly elected, and rior naval force occuip thi intermediate space, what to it as were now taken by the geitleanu hro New, mke ais mcli out of them as any man can. Tile steam -----
Fromthe Stoate of Maine- K nns, ey West? Al intwould become ofou frtificatios and naval tor on York; and, to obviate that objection,an amendment had vess picularly promises much. A result n arise BOTTLED CIDEi
Do. Delaware-DA- Sie aRoi'EY, and the place must eventually fall into the hands of the Copoati to the iit ofCoiumi. e opttec ih iis c yond the mere attehspt to destroy the pihts of w.. HE subs, a q ityber, opf tsittie utrin Ccb -, na., a
Do. Virginia-JAMEs STEraESsos, enemy. He had heard fault found with General Wash- there fore, hcec the bill et hropa. ery presumed, t it ie ecp.riten on such vesselsas instc rum ents os war. usuaic a quaianity of tIe Virginial, Crab tp't si al e
Do. Indiana--JoxATrAx JENINOS. ington-by Military men for establishing post on Long oerl h fwdthat tili hec prgtpnlchy u inderstoo e it rlec vet to bam frigates and steam shtteds Is ata great wOic i Ale, f r ran s e t ee gen, C's. tr ls, th and' Pale
The report was ordered to lie on the table. Island during the Revolutionary war. At any rate, to not y to it. There had beei ci c eit l acts patdit i1ms yc o ua'ble. sole enterprise 11" tiba lih ucot 'teCs tulrde-rcs Seckded to with tucwc ,hht,. A
Mr. KENT, from the Committee for the Dis- tify an island fifty miles from land, when our enemy Mr. F. said, within the last twenty y- -e s 1 -pecisely otuheleuae t p o b cctrite edecite the q"estmon." tAc C'LTON. with uc:t
trict of Coumbia, to which was re-committed the mght ne a val force superior to ours, seemed to him nature of the present act Mr. F. reierred the gentle- t lN. B. Fresh Yeast conistantly to bC ha' HAs R iON.
billto authorize the aseo itenotto be accordant with military principles. man rom New York, and other gentlemen wlhoi might igu t r.- Ga
tiary wito anthorize Dithe est ablishm ent of a peniorten-d a The question was then taken on agreeing to entertain the same views, to the act incorporating the 0f Another No. of lHAMILTON is inserted to-day. hIe I
t iary within the District of Columbia, reported a Mr. Trimble's resolution and, on a division, 79 tionolui C oerks en b els acfeocrnitiigous Ato i i icd e sa be ic.e Itur ilo teur tt1c WASHINGyTON CAT1OLIC (NiArhRY.
Committee of the whole. rose in avor o it, einsg a majority of the mem- ofthisbill to the acts establishing Banks itlin the Session of res. Oarreadrs expect, nok, somethintmlse olht pubst ieii-. ormnx'd t:. ct au exan:i.a ,,,i o. the
,,mite oft h ,hol, rbers present. Sot the resolution was agreed to. District, which, he presumed, would not be cndeted Is'oi u, and thlIeir witshes nmst be in sonume degree consut.ttil. s.ihool a ':iclied ti Uns cei' v:ary wiil take pl-ce
Mr. WILLIAMS, of N C. from the Committee Mr. FULLER offered the following : as meriting so much the favor of thie louse, c1 this ill. vc ha'e bc very lately obliged t r rtn to ani este.m a ,on Moind.,y a,,d Tuesdh., the 2cid ai t :-4h isc otl the
Of Claims, reported unfavorably on the petitions eeHe sholdln t a T ath S r aysefets of shoNt aandsyasDeapla; tssastonthesub- iirst day. the classes ot the Eiglish d ep;gdtraent will be
of Frederick Westbrzok and Charles Minifie; be directed Th the Secretary ofus the Navy Department xahics b en cosidertioc of gentlemen osh times o miochmud t cc D hii, liliuui mn or imliutmi. I xamp .,;and,on t'e 'ect,,,, those om ie ;o cal
which were read, and severally .ordered to lie on ions have beon rmoposedby the Board of Commissiones bill hotel gi comi bclrt thise. "yic o t me I h mi 1 Peute : nd
the table, and approved by the President, for the government of MI. C'oLDEN 5an c m, fmr,,re the dhdo ubtsuwhich Can the following be trtu ? gentlemel of letters are reaspec uiy 'ivitei to attend.
Mr. Walsoesepooledlonthrespetitiondof James thNyofte itedSte d ho r CL l h which a ,he orthe ut
M rc W .l asoa v e n i t Jes an hothe same may be necessary evisio of had arisen in his mind respecting this bill, though he N icwroei r, R. 1. DEC. 4.-- Tl e remarkable propensity ot December.
Smith, paymaster, accompanied by a bill for his confessed he was not aware, when up before, of the of cats, in suck.ng the breath of infants, has oiten beeoc ADAM ,A StIL
relief; which bill was twice read and committed. This resolve lies over for one day. amendment which hiad been made to the bill since it spoken of, and hias been conskibred by many fabulous ; dec 21 l'Prsdeot. t
Mr. CAMPBELL, of Ohio, from the Committee on Mr. FULLER also offered the following: was reported. The objections to it were now said to be. but an instance occurred ii thi town last week, which I.s tt.
Private Land Claims, reported on the petition of Resolved, "That thie Commissioners of Navy Hospitals astho toundati on, because of its being a local incorpo- should put parents on their-t gitard against thisi danger. y 'Trun e e's Sat f,'i{ dscate
Woodson Wren, accompanied with a bill for his be directedto report to this House the amount of the tlotc fc ti latho ct l afe tr1thms of i similar u atu', om hot retu trcnh i xa s o t t 1 cis i o Y virtue ofrh deed ,af ws fi.rm !.aaci, wIlonl
relief; which received its first and second read- sums received by them blcy virtue ofthe act of their 26th of Mr. said ne had no doubt of the authority of Cnlgres, withi its two 0ore hpaws fst endricling the chlh's ncuk, be ,e subcier ae, ue 9ri, c ay, 1 il
ing, and was comrmtted. February, 1811, the balance rem.ing ii their toiaids, to establish Corporations under the local and special audits mouth in that ottu child which was nearly suibfo- be it o hbae h n -
Mr. NELSON1, of Virginia, from the Committee the objects pointed out in the third section of said act. .., bcta oleg sg l to Cc otgtrs, uctc glaict.uhe t lh e s andi gl-cat exert onfis IerI o Is t io e the roght tsle and i, te ett o t ftn said t hdith f,,'. -
on the Judiciary, to which the subject had been This resolve was agreed to. whl constitutes, in this case, the 1.. I of a orpora-- story was not much heeded by tlie mother; but, what was to Ltts, numbered 1n2. 1e :al 14, ,1.. ,u,.,- a. red
committed, reported a bill concerning t-he appor. On motion of Mr. McCARTY, it was tion ? H must be, either the object of nhe corporation, her horror on being awakened in tmhe night by the con- 84 7, in the city of .Wasi,-,,ut n, i..ih !ie buimit. .,;d
tionment of representatives in the state of Ala- Rlesolved, That the Committee on Military Afltirs bhe o'r thlce .persons connected with it If, said Mr. C. we vulsed struggling of the infant, aid i',hatng the s.amei cct, i,,mprovemntst ,thereon', o satisfy: .Jeitl due to the- Btank


bama, which received its first and second read- instructed to inquire into the expediency of, colltluujlll lot lcgislate oil :L IlMttel' % IliCh (locs ljot attach itself in tile salne posi6on, :Ili(', thc nhiLl re--duced to near-
in to the wid w to this District 01 Cr wl'iell %VC ]IMIC eXCIUSiN The 1al -'vts i'lli'le'diately thl-Ilst The te: als of 3ale will be. ooe-folirl 1, I':IS" 1!1", 1'. Sdue
and was committed to the committee of the 0 of tile late Colonel Electius Backus, wh 'e k the last extro. 111ity -11 "I'A sh" 'I.Inia. t
's i I stitlr C.)Ilt of tile Al illdow; &.' SO Moor
fell at Sackett's Harbor duriiig -the late war, th avo v. here, I ask, is tile locality Coollected with th that. she lrok' th"Oul-I Sl)()klllsale; approvoO d
whole house. e halfp tion so as to place it) incorporation withill the power of' to 'Cturn to hervictim, g I a IwIle or :'Y Ije tet.n'S !lot
pension heretofore allowed to tier. Cougress ? You incorporate wholl, pelolls ho 11.e gljjs to her object. I \val' lIQL Lt X" III",
On motion of Mr. NFLSONI the Judiciary Mr. CANN')Iq moved to take up the resolutions L til'til ;Ie C I %XI)l I),.'
not even professedly citzensofthis District, bill, 111:1(ie j t1ii.-cl attenipt oil the 11- day, that site w IOVS flfl.Cr 011 ;At, dIC' pr(-Iel'V
Com mittee were discharged fron-- the further con. submitted -by him some day ago, relative to mil. conntct-d with an establishnic"t as extensivt v, tile 1)(IttO (I(::L(II. risk U"Ll ey"':18C of -lit: pw -A):1 C..
which
sideration of the petition of John I-logg IV. A Ca-'i
itary coocerns : which the House refused to con- Ullion-as extellsl e, indeed, is tile wol-ld ; For, in %vilat-
wag refei red to the Secretary of the Treasury. ever quartur of the CarLh our llaval officers :1.1-C I'01.111d, .3 j1f(,,j?,;fer !--!X IL-,u hasirrivd at New York I
The resolutiOD yesterday moved by Mr. sider, 59 votes o 56. tjli5 incorporation Qxtellds to ti-y. It', in irtup ofth- from thon interior, "165 Q L LOCI
nds













-"- --- law does not allow i: to do so. And shall this agrav:te the embarrassments of hlie nation, for '1 HE LATE LIEUT. ALLEN.
.i5littliCti llW." sup') *s,-.d defect in the law be su' lied in a".ny t e mtcert stmuit be an ual;v ', i., and thi' pinci- --
other iay han ly i revision of tie law by tie| pal nust bc soo er or lat r liqut1te:"d. 1' I had At a Public Meeti:g hel at Hudson, in the
legis'aturc ? Or shall the evil complained of be *Iny in'li'ence in the 'I management of t e 13Ink of state of New York, the lace of ntiv\'iy of ilth
TO THE EDITORS.. remedied be those whose duty it is to expound the U ite Stat I should be anxious tor pet- late Liet'. ALLIN, n eltoquent eulogy was pro-
Gentlemen: I have read, in your paper of the the law, not to nmake t /? In fine, shall th judg- mission to suspend spec' e payments, and to be bounced upo' the dece-sed, by the Hilo. Jamts
7th inst. tore -markso ofa writer under the signa- es of tur coust t, un( the guise of making !;-,e:e supported by the goveinmernt as the :ank kof En- Strong. We have noi room for the whole of it,
tureoh ".Flt Just tia," on the late proceedsign a lte "f i]'rctice,"' be pcrmoitttld to modify or gland was; but, if th- government wou d not in 'ut have ical pleasure in extracting the following
o the ic ':.d Jury oi this county. in reart re eal he established law ot the land ? Th. ad- this ma.iner delegate to the bank the power o tribute to the social i.!crits oh our late friend,
the New Rules of Practice" recently a opFied, vocates tor this power to be used by the Court coining, I should soli it th.' government to issue whose character in this respect, as portrayed
end since suspended, by the Judge of the Circuit ougiiht to ecoll, ct ha their doctrine i- like two a iatio at i u rency, to a limited amount, to become by one who knew him well, isvenmore illustri-
Court. edged sword ; it cuts equally severe both w',ys. the basis 'f bank no es. Thii national currency otts than that which he ms.intained as a member
When the jury, by a sufficient majority, had For if the Judges, ituder the thority to make would fow into the, balik and its branches for sales of an hlnorable prof.-ssi: ii
(e' inclmed to present these rules as a public "I Rules of practice," can set aside the hith : to of land, For duties, &c.; in tru ni, ail the circulatl- As a fr. nd,ic was onen, sincere, and faithful; sparing
gritv.sce, it w.s agreed that the presentment iestabhlhd aw of practice, as regards the rcov. ilg -im i. m, b-yoi'd vhat is required for pocket of censure, and tender of reputation, he spake cautiousol
shilid be subscribed to by such of the members cry of debts, and accelerate their recovery by nuncy, auid tie ills ik shops, would be depo-it: ot others; for he well knew that a slander us ong'ue is
of the jury only as thought fit to do so ; and, had mere force of these rules, what, I would ask, is in banks. he tl re is a uficienicy of money tia, retiOc o ia corrupts hear officers, was that o de
it ben published in tile newspapers in that form, to prevent threif from adopting a directly contra-, i a co -nltry, and u!t nn t wanted for exportanon, a nce and re ct. it lihe cver ni petttc F shits lf to at,-
I should not, probiab.y, have troubled you with "y course, from prociastinating, beyond all for- b;bank maay discount l,.re y, and n t have one not" rign he con ct ofany one of the:., :t was lone mi tle
thi coiimnunication. I, for one, did not sign the ner eaniplte and usage, the time for the rcccvcry '*cddiional in c:lrc',ilation,; as pap nments ire made confidence of fri'endshi .; aind rather to po t out thc er.-
papvr dra .h up on the occasion for reasons of an ordinary undisputed c limn ? It the Judi- by check, and transfe s of cre:!its iron-i one to a- 'rr of the action, ti,1n t1"o ;itj tlse rc-nltatln of hi,,
which I shall hereafter briefly state ; not, hose- es have tie power tho act with clfe(t, in the nothe;. wcho lld co ity all edit. Aio v.'osii 1ias this ex pa e te
v:r, because I believed that the subject of the one case, it appears to ;.,e they must, as mat- 1I have already trespassed too much for one inhlie nav--orweartlie .alc adancitor oi- the nation.
Rules of Court was a matter not wiihn the offi- tel of course, p sesS it in the other; f r it ess.vy; I will therefore assign my reasons at i rgc .S a Drother, noe was'ever more affectonate, ten-
tial 'uics of the jury, or of which they had no is said to be bad rule that will not work bith i in my n.xxt, whiv the 'dank of ihc U,.icd States ler', or true. But it is a, a son tha his, ciiaracter
coglizace. Grand Juries have, in my opinion, ays And sI;oald the, ever be so l,,st to every ought to nesis e a national currency. pcaks on :-niall its loveliness and splendor. Fre-
rogiizrice of alt infractions of law-whether sense ofjustice and of eight as to adopt the course I HO,10. i'st." it l Fe spind ds ailnd nitsp sometimes we c ks,
0last al g ; sl ir toie ecsieI o hs esick yand Fpious tiother ; Fcontorltin '
co,.t ithed by persons of high or of low d& g ce- last Sgge At; slwotild thy, by mere torce of their' h'r with the assiduity of his actenitions-ansd consoling
whether by a Judicial or .n Executive lihcer, or rules of practice, delay the recover oa f: r and aimatin itr bythe tenderness andl armih of his
any body clhe. But, in the exercise of this im- aand undisputed claim tfor 1 ur or five, )r even ten NEW Yon, DE c. lO.-Police.- I 'he tottL aflhictions. After being exposed to all the varieties of'
portait right, they oughtto act with great cauion years after suit hAdl been brought fot the recove- and a crowd of sp ctators were yesterday msorn- season and chtiate, atnd eascapig Fle perils and dangers
r ddee action, diveutirng th .mseives of every y' of the same, I wil cr gage to final yotu a pl,n- ing occupied with he examination and conmmit- or the seas, oFen i he remrnand, ke a ministering
tiui IM .ttion, u ivesirg i msc'v-s of ever an'e;, to L ior the hii w'iii oF pleuiv i-ot thie lap oi penur,
thing like selfish tee ings and sinister views. ty of men, Messrs Ed tors, who will co,,tend, and menit of a young !ady, who ,ad been taken up -to bring tie oisustenance,cointort, and consolation, to
Vv Iile, therelore, I contend that the Grand Ju. toost vehl ently too, that thi.' hIs o's acted not and brouuglht in the night before, tor rude and in- his anxious and dcIpenment fanil',t. It was uis family-
ry had a right to interipose its opinion and autho- only witil great justice anld expediency, bit also decent conduct in Anthony street, near Collect. tor he was tile lIthier, woainonc provided for itswanits-
ri.y in this matter, I enturely agree in opi,,ion with in perfect acc:rtl with the law, which, we should it seems shh had two more in her company, but an tie tital ball that pierced imn,Lt cuoil' te '"ighthand
yo r correspondent, that t eass which they be told, they alone had the right toi interpret ihey both escaped. Her very decent and demure hi arl ear ,i'ns, ia staite le ente. cte se vroei
haye assigned tor having don so, (many of them Should such a case, however, uccar,(ancl I have I appearance, as she sat silent and sad inl her large and until his deati, w.,s constantly appropriated by himi
at last) are unfounded; and that score of themin- no reason now lotr believing it will,) t ere wiil, I green bonnet, as muri re ired as possible, inter- for he support o' his parents and unmarried sisters--
dtcd, would, if generally concurred in, be a re- trust, be still found independence enough in ested the Icelin .s of the sitting magistrate, and he and, tor some years past, the portion thus set apart lias
fl. ti',n on the moral sensse ot outr community, some gran jury to present it, if nothing morc, as ;w.s going to adl her f ,,a d and dispose of her been drawn, by his uaotir, directly fromtie NaIn tEilce,
ntll.trs on tile moral .sense of our community. I I 1 in purS~ance o anl arralgemet wivlich lie la.ie with tile
The true, and pet haps the only, point in contro- an usurpation of power onl the part 0fthe court, case first, when the watchman who had taken hert Dep.riment for this ipapose. How rare is iilial affec-
veirsy (a;nd which is scarcely glanced at in the pa- nAnd an outrage upon the lights of society. tip gave Imi a hint there was some my--cry tionhkethis! Hfow deep and warm must that love be-
riet ig,.ned by a majoli'y of the jury) appears to You will perceive, gentlemen, thatil have dis- about the aflir, and that the unhappy, iidowncast of what line and delicate ',ord texture, tand pure ands
me to be this : Did the Judges of the Circuit cussed this subject ahnltgether on thi ground of damsel was in fact a roaring young buck, just raw holy principle, must tma heart consist, wiicil can equal
Court, in establishing these sules, act strictly i principle' and not of expediency. I there be from the country, whom some city lads, a little itse briet examplene 'r g ven, oi'the dtlty of ac. Ild to
o its parents. Thlse Co'ienias and Lucrettas of Rome would
acc,.rd with the provisions ot law ; or, in other hardship in the case, on eitherside,a safe an,! easy mno e knowing, had put forward in carrying o have been proud ot'f such a sou. It is in a soul like iis,
words, did they assume powerswhicti the law did rernmedy for the evil is at hand. L-.t t ngress be a hoax upon, and very much annoying one of the tiat hulmanitymfindsa tfricnd-the oppressed, a protector
no; grant them ? My own impression has been, applied to lor relief, by th se who think them- watct'me'n, and then left him with his fingers in -the people, a trusty servant-and hibert3, a champion.
that he did and that impression i nw sees aggrieved under he old les. This the trap to answer for their and his.,w, misguid- For, ason who never buse his parents, can never be-
ch strengthened by sonic of the rearks course, it must be admitted on all sides, would ed heroism. The dress and disguise were inim- dcotr fill section and fidelity,
yrour correspondent. He says, 1 Itis understood much better corn ort w-th the nature of our gov- itai.y adapted, and th- watchnian himself who
ti- inese rules were taken principally from the ernment atnd[ our institutions, than for our judges, took him, did not detect the imposition till, on
code of laws prp :red for this Dist ict by one of under whatever pretext, to undertake to later or closer scrutiny at the watch-house, he discover- i.XiL.
the Judges, and not yetfinallty acted on by Con- change the law, or even ancient usages and cus- ed, instead of dimples and roses, a well set beard Extract of a letter to a *t'Oenimiean in Iort Gib.
gress. In extracting them (he adds) it is possi- toms, which have attained the forte of law, by anI rakisi pair of whiskers, son. A'iss. atd .I..exico ll, lCh e.t. 122.
ble t., the precise line between the power of prescription. One of the Jury. T he magistrate, however, still proceeded in 'I The flattering reception the Americans re-
thile court to make rules of practice, and the pow- Dec. 16. the aexstaniation, as though he kn w nothing of ceive ii, this part of tile vorld is giat fying in the
er of legislation, may not have been exactly ob- AU the secret.- xtrein'. The ricpiuuon of these wjrd&, Yo
served Now, if the tact be, as stated, "that thi.se fora TIe xArTIOsNAL INTcILIGEtnCt. .'.fai,'irteo. Iow old are you,. a tdam ? Prisontrer, (in soy dinericano (de ,!N ite," is suflicient passport
rules were taken principally fiom the code ot I stitti t*ied toie)-twe ty-two, Sir. toicoua h the etp'cs. Y ,u receiv- for' answer,
las were taken pri this District by one of the Reasons why the Uniled States lauk oughlt to 3.10 low nare y children have you, Madam. -Pri. Esta Cash es ilt sua." whYcti i, expressed with '
laws prepared li(r this District by one of the n c IVv y I i -"o"" E-ta Cas es I.'sa/a," wTinci i, expressed with
Judges," the question at issue is, by this admis- be, a atial Currenty. on t, i t arrie Ma'am ? Pris. No Sir considerable arIn of adeci n.
s .n, I think, completely settled. For if the [This Essay I foutd ansog' my papers; not sent, Ie- J/,i. V,,ha is iour nale, Miss ? Pris. B. januiin. This city is ..b ut tile size of Philadelphia :
t cause, peslaIps, I though. 1 itd oll'eadIa bl;'si.t Cu e indti- ,WIl.Be'. ]lctj.nin F 'i ijnl nitit is a itian s na inc.- the population t .,ot'c densube, 130 000. Tie eg
court did take thie above named i code" as thr gence ofthe Edi f theNk i _. t i t .1 1. orbe- a i n.ij, a', stop ts s an. ,hat kind of a job se.- the population ,oru dnse, 1O 000. The Degie.
principal guide and 'uthority for making these cause Idesponded.] II. t hist c' r e ph "oaay hat kii Isearely coreas numerous tean eou can conceive.
rules, disregarding the laws of Maryland, which The United States' Bank comnken ed wi h The waicht a then went throu. 0h the whol-. Scarcely ca you p n a tOlpactes, ere ou are so- t
hay. been adopted by Congress for the govern. nearly 5,000 000 of dollars; afterwards it purcha- det ,il of the arrest, &c.---how he uad discovered Vtirg f.sfmai alueie If you bsthe nahms on
ment of this part of the Di trict, th n I humbly sed 7,000 000 from Euope, by the sale of govern- the pisoner and two or three others, after their Vl'gin f Litacialuupe. It you bestow Ims on u
apprehend, their honor, d, act wi hout due au- mnent stocks, and it has borrowed of Baring and running upon him a good while, itn clothes which outine )y d zcreai cs, you bicalse soitan sity si in
thority ill the case; because, the I code" referred others. they h xcige i ni d zs. u can s tile sting in
to, abstractedly con.dered, isof no more binding t also received, through the government, a Collect, and had bro tup t ioner aft the, dosuI iapr picking t he vermin oi' tie F
f'sce here sthan the Codt, Napoleon," or the considerabb- amount in specie from the several cautioning him repeatedly to desist, and here her b dta and io yf are not careful, y eo reeive
Statutes of George IV. I should have been glad stite banks, some. of whoin have been compelled I was, to answer. The prisoner passed the night i nse i the streets, witut ay shelter, save th e
if your orrespndht had efer ed to some at- to to, and all of whom !lave been compelled to the watcn-hoiise, groaning and swearing in the i e, o h ee v th
ter authority ,o just. y the c,-urse pursued by diminish their stoccie capitals, most excessive niannutr. He wvas ordered to "o c. ladlf l fa s f r o
th. Judges of the Circuit Court, in this important i have now a report from the Bank, and, as Britdeviwc, and Iis clothes sent for, and about the adlects fasvee 7 abl ie ,a onii seen in
matter, Equally muile is the at e pt made to it has been prepared for the perusal, not only of sun et allowed, by hlie special kndness ,f the ma-he streets eteen 7 ad 9 ass. 'I he morning going
justly taciur omnuct b, a reference to lhe rules o our citizens,bu, fall Europe, it is natural to sup- g;ist-ate and t he intercession ot a friend, to be set to apd netprai'g trom mass. o he meltig is
pi actice in the court for Alexandria county, be- pose that every exerlion was previously made, at iiherty, a large bill of cost, also being paid by occupied i preparing f-- visiting, or receiving
cau .o the laws, by which the people of tha courT- to give as favorable a ,viiw of its situations, as his friend.-.dmerican, com" y, romt 10 to 11. After dinner they take ti
tyare govern-.-d, do tot go,.erti us, (although could be consistent with rectitude. heir Sesta, at hveordcr the coaih to drive to tie
we ,l1 restif. at the sea, of government, which is By this report,it appears tha the Bank, and its e subject ofeec a tat o Washington i Alaea, plae t evynaie reoron t for five or
the ten ites quare,) they eig subject to the eiateen braces have only 3.346434 in Thesubject oerecting ataueofWashintoin ix thousand people,evryaalltenoon. It contains
laws of Virginia, as adopted by Congress, and their vaults. T'lis evinces tiat the bank the city Nedw Yo'k is gais revived there. A fitteen acres, wailed in-four spouting fountains,
---cono iteea I su-tit.cI hint'_mite .-u- -oseIhave 'il-


we being-ubjectto those of Maryland, asadopteds blanches have been so drained, of specie in thle Ioressed a iemtrial to the Common Council, i
by o. simne authority. course of live years The promoters of the bank which it is saemoal that the suCommon Counc50,000 wil ibe
I he strongest, -. d perhaps the only, justifia- indulged tie hope that, by the -sue of notes, it
ble ground on which the court could piopcrly would benefit the community and be able to assi euct woired to crect and complete a tatue in sothme
act in making these rules, is ti be found in the the government; butthe bank's ci; cumstances are clog ce wo'rty f dignity ae of thehe
act of Counies otl 27th February, 1801, assu- so straightened, that it can only attend to its own it antldt f !e munificettce and public spirit ofthe
ming exclusivetjurisdiction over this District. It prervation. As a proof that he public r.- clty he committee reco end hat the mo
is tiiee n provided, thal the Circuit Court for ceives ver title aid, amount of bank notess in ne be raise by the laying ofa corporation tax to
this District, and the Ju.:ges thereof,' shall have circulation s stated at$5,456 891, being very little that amiunt.t
ahll tie poasers oy law vested in the Circuit Courts more than the specie in possession. Beinfit f Ct erg-y.- 'is innu ity, originally
ci tie Uitied S'ales.' But this simple power, Tha. the think mny ha e to dm sh even is in I t f etery.- immunity, but originalattely
(conitrred, as it is, in general lterni). however snall mount or n s ,ei tidcian ; :sen i ned for the beiter sort of rogues, but latterl)
(caier'red, as it is, min getteral teri-.,) Ithowev-rn small amount of notes ith t is culaticn, is self ievi- grai o hin Enghnduch with no rci-ard tu its primitive
proper andi nccessat y it may be "'lor the advance tdent; lor the deposits, exceed this sum, being design, has attracted little no ice in this counprimitivey.
me t of justice," cannot, I apprehend, by any &6,726 492.
sound rule of construction, be deemed sufficient i draw out specie, there is no t iva e i te d, however, last non h, in Delaware,
authority tor our judges to exercise eisative o gh e t oi asitors draw out the re is not to Elizabeth 3achleloir, who was convicted of
authorityons, od tc judges to exercis legislative en gh to an!'wer their demiund, ; the deposttors ,Ftrninsg a stable, anid shielhnl h:r from merited
unctions, ad theruy enable t to a rugae are, in general, merchant who have collected
or pd a uHdalmena law of the lnd. )uciidh a onev for imported goods sol:, and who must nisistent. When sentet;ce of ath was to b
power) I trust, ogess never did itend to, or p o w st Ipro nuiced, her counsel claimed for hcr the bene-
power, i trust, Congtess never did in:end o, or a chpu .se bills on ELrope or export specie. fitrof -Ierg-y, and the Judnge decided it was a clr-
ever Wll,i contfe. ol the justices o courts, i au- If tle balance of trade be not age inst this coln- l e t"ct a s le' sie, nc
mit than thle national legislature may exercise this, ybillwillbe easily p.tocura!)le;hu't, ifwe ipoit I 'ya) iloe hcell( itslel oane deatl s.. ntenced
or alliost aLtny other poaer oveu us, it it tlthink.-, moie than we xpr, exchange w ll be l'l bea-' .i the handand sfferoneyea,.
fit to d so, we being, as it would see i, out of the very high, and it will be advantageous to export ln1priomenit.- 'entin
pasie ,f the constitution but it is to be hoped specie. I am not hostile to te bank; I should n
that iiunorable bouy will, (if tor ino uther reason ) be rejotced if it had 20,000,000 on dollars ii s ,e- day lasI, two iuin ues e carel'ssls haltling a gun at tte
have iore reshape tl d r ti le elings oti ts cotstutu- cle, and 750,000,000 of notes ill circulation. Atnd house io Mr. A ,!oin PiLtis, in Hirownsville, Harrison counts.
ei.ls, tian to do ati act so contrary to the s, ir it l would gratify me to be ifm ilted that the an .si The bout supphlsed the gtu itl, tC be loaded, and olne
a.d genius of our Republican governments. F ,1a el dividends to stockholders amounted to tin per i oi' thu snapttped t to try ifit O.l ili make fir., whe to
riiserable and wretcl'ed as our political cotditiou cet. It w .s a conviction of the impos.lbiity o thle horor of all present, the guln went ofl' and lodged
now is, Icorbfess, for one, had rather live under the in-stitutini benb efiting either the gnvs r tnletii ,it s a iittlcs 1 le hea of Ma itts' datpir at 1 2 o-u
tlme "exclusive legislate, n" of Congress, than of or the community, or the st kholders, whsil afterwards.
our Jun or our Lawiyers, or any other body, caused my original oljecctio-.s to its estaolsh-
whieh Ct'resa snght think prop er to authoriziz ment, alhd I hlave since urged the introduction: o. EasrrPor, 'I. Nov. 30.-On Saturday last, a boat,
to rule over us. in s-iying his, I mean no a national circulating medium, as it would b of with live per ons on board, in coming roim -,I ... I,.
ibS espec either to htie Betcht or to thse Bar, or to service to all. vic, to tiis place, was upset, it St.. Ani(rews il ,y, andi
any, body else, corporate or otherwise. Suppose the government had issued 20,000,- Mr. ItilriN LeLettc ;u iit! two ir. Whildlren oi Mr. his il
That 0. lays, ard latal ones too, do take place 000 of dollars mi ntes, not bearing interest, were aitin" h ere fAr t 1issf ,e to thle westwvard, 1nd
in tue administration ot justice here and else- would not the deposits of the government and had sent I or the children to accompany their. 'Two
where, i admit; ouu does it not lrequently hap- of individuals be increased in thit bank and its men werere rcuedfrom a watery r'vav, nearly exhaust-
pen, lsat the remedy proposed lor curing a dtis. branches ? B1Aiiks cat only bent-fit by there being ed, lavini,; been on th, otto.n or I'n boat four hours,
ease is less to be tole; ated thai the d.seabe itself' Fa great quawily 1 thlt circulating med c iuml in ti b y s Ir. i Jani 'stMu s ll ho l aii an l board tie a ill-la hed
Or, in hmely praseu gy o not people often- country. When Mr Crawtoid, the Scc.reary o surothers, a Islad, ad another
thit.s, v,. a view to itakiig things belter, "get the Treasury, recuimmended to lie conisider- ....
out of thJe Jr tig pan into thie fire I?" If lhe action ot the b nk the propriety iof thie gov-I LAN I FO SALE.
p.occeumins in ou court, as egard. the recove- ernment's ssuieg a it cu ti g medium to t re- V Vvirtue o a decree ot Prince George's County
ry of clubs, be dilatory, and I admit they ar vent distress by thb cailin, in ,f slate baiik ,f cout, a a uc.urlt of etqi.y, the subscrib-er
(tugh i is worthy ofs erious consixieratloin wee notes, I feared that he bank w.mid not acqult- wilh sell, t pubihic -ale, to the highest bid F, r, on 'Thur.s-
ther this be the most proper Ftime to correct a :sce, although it right have avottidd thin t y dC; y p acticxe Nllch has existed more than twenty the necessity of selling stocks to tr tpe, to i o' rt r e, ho, la t e of P lit, title, Georg i ans interest af .
years,) stl I protest against any interpositioil in purchase dollars, w-lch coiud I. t be rxteuned ei, Int nit ot part o!a tract of lanod called Edntiont'
theiiatLter, on the pai ol the court, so ar assuch s ,s long as our citizens : eciLlire m.n anuSttioi, ansge, cont inu.. g i64,ac es, about one-.tird staatiug ini
interpostidon 1it.y partake, or beofl the nature of ed art-c.es from Ea. ople exCce tig i:-. amount wood; tia ime p irimenits are a comfortable dwelling
legislation on lie subject. 1 he cause of the the value ol our produce ocpo'ti.e Th ;,0 no se, with tw, ooms, a kitchen, weaving house, meat
evil cotm;i.iaitd of is a .sted by your correspon- chase of specie will go,.ern,,iet stocks, wh n ts'!, id rn house', stable, atnd le heninuse, a large or-
deii thus t I he cause of she delay ot Justice, toise b tce o ttoade isre a an i i sict' 0Ita tIlirert kinis, ali excellemr
hecauseofhedelay the b ,. e of trace is aii a country, is gardeit and convenient sprim'. The-terns of sale are *
(says hc,) is the inf. equency of the sessi ns of as futilc a measure is ti.1 p ruig oi water int one third tof tihe purcha..e mrnmey to be paid on the day
the courts." Granted. He adds, 1 if the court a river, with the enp e ,ti-tn tha, itt would nIut r i sale, once-thirdti ill tI tlve months, and t-e remaining
were tu sit monthlly, or uven quarterly, the evil flow with ;lie c lir''.t tu i'od cighl u monitls, t the p-urcaser ftiving bond, wit
would bte ren.ediel iin a great ineasure, witlhut. Tile baik cannot ail ; fisr were iit drawn upo m w e whole of tie trcase money is paid, ani
any ch/tange of practice." And 'wny don tihe in an unu,uial masn,., t r eciu, it cs,, tell i'- t'S.',,e aiatid by the e' ,irt, a t-eed i,- fee siuple sil
couril sat nioulily or quarterly ior the purpose ot stocks, which are dway, a y,,:0. rem at ncc I, be g n. Sale to itake place at 12 o'clock.
rCimuldyling this evil? VWhy, plainly, because the Eur.ie; but this relet LO the ibik, wouid on;y dJuc S'-2H '1. ra -;e.,
dec 1"--2; .iv Trusa ee.


number' us avenues and a fine road for those onu
liorseactuck and in coaches. The Emniperor, with
his wife and children, in a coach drawn by six
duns, with an esc',rt ol twenty-tour dragoons, pas-
ses through here evury afternoon. Sometimneb
he is accompa ied by his father and nieces, int a
coach and six r ys, with an escort of..lgh The
nuin 'tr of private carriages which are also on
the Alameda, and passing into the country, ex-
ceed eighty. Flhey ate considerably more nu.
merous a id more elegant than in the city of Pliil-
adelp ttia."


PROPO-A ,:_,
11OR furnishing one thousand mail Locks, simi-
arnilar to tiose now in use, or ol like size, wihl
improvements, and ior 2000 Key-, will be t eceiv-
ed at the Generai Post Oflice until the 2d day ot
1ehrualy next.
The iucks may be delivered in parcels of not
less titan one ',udred, at". keys of not less tha.
two hu dred, ad paid tor aa d'-.iivered.
Stimplus ofi the locks may be seen at most of
the Post Offices.
R, J. MEIGS, Jr. Postllas:er General.
General Post Office, Dec. 20.

POTATOES, MACKEREL, &c,
IIF, su scrtuers have jut received, per sooner In-
.depelidence, Capl. t.uie,
1000 tusliels real blue Nova Scotia Potatoes, for
family ulise
25 barrels Mackerel No.2
And daily expects, by the sloop Abeona, Capt. Nichols,
from New York,
25 casks Goshen Cheese, first quality
2:) barrels Mackerei
10 bags Java Collee
10 lids. secodoti quality Sugars
15 pounds Mace
Also,
per schooner Mary, from boston,
1000 bushels tarotundl Alum Salt
I. KIRBY &Co.
Georgetown, dec 20-6t2aw

ADMINISTRATOR'S SALE.
ON Thursday, 2d iday 1o Jatuar', 183i, at 12 o'clock,
U 1A. I shall proceed to s.hi, at pulnhc vendue, oni tile
lespe ive premises, the ifollowVi' described real estate,
belonging tothe estate of Hugn Detnsley, deceased, viz
1 Brick House, and
1 Frame do
on lot No. in sqo are 651, fronting on Sontli Capitol
street, and forn,iiig the corner of w ilat is called tile
I'wenty Buildings. 'lhe lot is v. feet 10 inches on south
Capitol street, and 150 feet deep, cjntainihg 330U9
square feet.

tile following leasehold property, viz:
1 Frante tHouse
1 Brick tl
situated antl beint on part of square (iF60, hti,,,Iun on
die line of south I silre' -, all rU'1:tiii i*i lai st' r.et i 1 t.
Terms made knowii oilt ile ilay it s'it'.
WAAIA'I.I WA1,uINK,


dec 20-


't.'tti, iriis'itice ..1I.


AUTUMN FLOWE.'
T'hete few pa!e autumn Ii.Wers.
Ioi le; b ii:tiful hey ie ;
Than iIl hit Wi it cf for,
Thai all the I mi' store,
How loveli.-.r I:ar
And ( ','' i ? TI ,ey ac lhe lst '
'Thi lat, the list, ie last !
(0h iy that little w, (1,
Ilow miany) thoughts are stirr'd,
That wilis, r of the :nd .
Pale flowers pAle per shin. flowers
Y i are oft preLioli, t:iiigs;
Avypes of tliose bitter mo'm'ents,
That flit like life's eijoi meins,
O0 ra;iid, rapid wings,
Iast hours wii pu 'ting 0 ear on*s,
Tlhat lime t'le fastest speeds :
Last hours in sit cc shed,
L ist word half hillteri-d,
Lstl lo,.k of d WVho woulil not ftii conipres
A life u,'to a (ly !
The last hours spe' with one
Who, ere the ni'orrow's sun,
Must leave ius for an age,
Ohil! precious, precious morn t. !
Pale i-lowers, ye are t) pes of those,
Tlih saddest sweetest, dearest,
Because, like those, the nearest
To an eternal close !
Pale flowers, ale perishing flowers,
I woo your gentle br.'ath;
(I h.ave the suinimer lRose
For blither, gayer brows,)
Ye tell of change and death


2inacostia Bridge at auction.
WILL sell, on Saturday the llth (lay of January next,
at (uiee .'s Hotel, in the City of 'S ashing'ton, a 12
o'clock \. M one hundred and ninety-six Shares in the
'tock of the Anacostia Bridge Company, b, tng the Up-
per Bridg over the Eastern Branch, ear ,he end of
East Cap:tol reet, conimonly 'ailed Ewell's Brid e.
Also, lots No. 24, ,i5, 6, and 27, aid parts of lots 23 and
28, in square No 732, in 'he said city, under, and by,
%irtue of a decree of the Circuit Court of the District of
Columbia, sitting tfor the County of Washington, as a
court of hancery in the case of Ann Ott, administra-
tfix of John Ott, deceased, complainant, and Thomas
Well, defendant, on a credit of twelve and eighteen
mun' hI, wi hI interest, thle purchaser or purchasers giv-
ing notes wiih approved endorsers ; and, oin atification
of t :e sale by said Court, and the payment of the pur-
,ha. e money, the irus'ee will convey, by good and suf-
ficient deed of i". enture,to the purchaser or purchasers,
his her, or th ir hei:s and assigns, all the right, title,
claim, and ii;erest of the said defendant, his heirs and
assigns, to the property aforesaid.
JOHN MAIBURY, trustee.
dec 20-eots P. MAURO, auct'r.


PUBLIC SALE.
W I LL be sold on the premises, to the highest bid.
t der, on the 1st day of J ,'uary next, the Tavern
ilouseand Lot in Centreville, Fairfax, Va. well known
ror ihe last sixty years as one of the best stand- in the
country. On the first floor are four spacious rooms and
a passage, commodious chambers above, cellars under
the whole extent of the house, which lately underwent
a thorough repair, and is now as good as new.
There is an excellent Granary and Carriage House,
large stone Stable, andi every other convenient building-
requisite f',r such an establishment. Also, the Lot of
G:'ound and Store House, consisting of two rooms be-
ow, one of wluchis shelved, and has a counter, and good
cellars, counting room, &c. Also, several half acre
Building Lots. Two hundred acres of first rate laiud,
(cai fly in woods,) attached to, and for the use of the
l'a'ern. lying in, and a' owning town, on the west side of
itl1: Duamfries road. Thiere are two fields cleared on
his tract, well fenced, and in high cultivation.
'1 o hundred acres adjoining the above, and extending
fromt Centreville, on the right side of the Alexandlria
road, to Rocky Run, including the Orchard, Teant's
Houses, &c. with copses of wood, left for the support of
ie !arm, and as convenient to the houses as to every
field; thIe old Mansion place, adjoining the above, con-
aiming upwards of three hundred acres ; the house has
three rooms below and a passage, with excellent cel-
ars, commodious chambers and lodging rooms, couve-
ient out houes, spring house, and dairy A variety of
ioice Fruits and fine gardens.Alsoa Distillerycapable of
bein; ennlarged o any extent; an excellent Mill Seat up-
i thlis farmi; the soil is among' the best in the country,
watered by innumerable springs of the finest water,
hichl are sna led by he natural timber, preserved un-
ouched, to a great extent ; one of the most healthful and
delicious situations in t':e world. Lands in Kentucky will
e received in exchange any time previous to the day
f sale. Terms : One th'rd in hand, residue in two an-
ual instalments. SARAH LANE, E'x. of
P. C. LANE, deceased.
Also, three other tracts of Land, near the above, to
e sold at private sale. Two valuable Farms in Fayette
county, Penns3lvania. Sundry lots in Uniontown and
Connelsville, in said county; and one lot of ground.in
Columbnia, on the Moa ngaliela.
dec 20-eo3t

PUBLIC SALE.
Y virtue of a decre of the Circuit Court of the Dis-
1rict of Columbia, sitting as a Co.urt of Chancery for
he county of i\ashington, passed in a certain cause
pending in the said Court, wherein James Clephane is
ounplainasit, and hyrin Butler and Hantiali Butler are
efendailts, I wil sell, at auction, tilhe premises, on
ee 20thi day o; February next, at 11 o'clock in the
rein-on, thle western ,.art of lot No. 7, in square No.
JO,90 in ti, City lof' Washington, with the improi emenits
lereon, and all the estate and interest f a certain Wil-
m iButler, deceased, and the said Ryran Butler and
aiahih Butler therein.
Ter ns ot sal are: 6 and 9 months, with notes for
-act payment, with an approved endorser, bearing inte-
est from the day of sale. If the terms of sale are not
implied with within three days from the day of sale,
ae property will be resold at the risque of the purcha-
Tlhe credliors ofsaid Wil lam Butler are hereby noti-
ed that their accounts must be brought in and filed with
he Clerk of the said court on or before Ihe second MSon-
ly in April next, otherwise they will be excluded from
I benefit under tie said decree.


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dec20-wts


W'. REDIN,
Trustee.


PRIZES PRIZES! i PiUZES!


1 prize of 100,000 DOLLARS.
1 do(10 25,000 DOLLARS.
1 ido 10,001) DOLLARS.
1 dho 5,000 imOLLARS.
27 do 1,000 DOLLARS.
All o the above prizes must be d awn or before the
2d of next month, from the wliee' of the
GR.LVND I) TIONAL LETTERR ,
F,/Jh Class.
The i32.1 day's drawin- will take place en Thursday
miorninig next, ati 9 o'clock. t lie City Hall.
Recollect, oiIy two more (irawings.
Tickets S5, shares in pro t rtion.
A selLct and general assort i.ent of numbers for sale at'
(GILLESPIE'S O ;. Pniin .hivenue, II ashinu.toiu City.
N. 1I. tickets for sale in tlte .)ar )land s ale Lottery at
StO Drawini g takes phe-ice on t e 26th inst.
(dec 20- S. & F1.
1.\ 't 'i) A N Y .

1001 I o
All o''wFhci, are ig -I of si e.ot r I1 ,lit', swill th-
IFl in lota to sui.o pu cl~ a rs, or ', tl- ii nt gle :
A ,i,' to ', ,; Ait ,I l NKI ,
I, 0 :s 'i..