National intelligencer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00040
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: April 16, 1822
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00040
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text

PUBLISHi.) 3Y GALKS & SEATON, Mr. WVOOD submitted the following resolution: marks, not so much on the mftlion as on the VE!tY LATE IFliOM E.NGI.AND.
T URH TIMES A WEAK D lENG TK SESSION OF CONGRES solved, That .ie C,mmittee on the Library of Con merits i the bill, which lie disapproved; be-
~ANg es TWICE A W KINsbHEeCEss. S s tr;,cted to .nquire into the expcdi-ncy o f ca ie. it would be opening a door t things Whichj, ... ,-,o mK C1 e.
modifying or rescindinipso much of the joint resolutions t_,, ,, ... _1 I nc packet shilp C.olumbnia, Capt .t1,,-gers, or..
I^~,f'aya, sidlrs 1-' ... "H IOUSE, OF IEPRESENT. TIVE'::. ..^' ^ ^ ue o. ntte ;to meto ;l **^..o opposeu'^ P i^,G^ "
Prefr a year,- Six dollars yae n aaneEPRSENT.TIVE. of the enate and House of epresentativws, passed the.d .n.. incidentay. r to" "s ed, rve this at.er:oon from kLiverpool, whce she
hor se months,--r;byr dollars n r ateti Arur, Ap 13. 18,22. 27th March, !818, and the 21st April, 1820, as relates to the io'.ion, and incidentally supported the bill;sailed te 3d o a ch y this ar ival the erir
Those subscribing for a year, who do not, either at the time of the publficaton of lt e foreign coresponence of the and M'lr. NEWTON gave the bill his decided ap- ,
ordering tlhe paper, or subsequentlyy, give notice of their wish The SPRAKER aSsumed the chair at to o'clock, Congress of l e United States, from the first meeting prbatin tors of the Co nierci.al Advertiser hve received
to have the paper thscontiniued attliheexpiilin of .the year, and a quorim not appearing, thereof, to the ratification of the treaty of peace, and On motion of Mr IIAMS of N C the bill is files of Elnglishi plapers and prices Cur-
choufrothiatfctint tetra)eo'pecan nMotion Of "MY. W IrLLIAMS Of N.TC.the bill rent to tile (lay ofhicr saiiii.g
will h presumed as is Wn.lc it l ,coringly t oter-O ton I EnwARDS, of N. C. moved for a call of the also I, Ilia part oftem eiwhich relates to ,he distributiIn wa t r L ll to b( rentl to the a o r saitii.eadh
maotiled, anit h will be continued accordingly, at t ie option ; i t.the publications therein mentioned, to the member I H Se was then dred to b>ea petitions h;ve been presented in ilia
orfeditor. ,. house. a sem b r congress. a ( House of Commons from tile radicals in diff n t
......... .... ..... .. M r. A ETHUnt SMITH pro-po ed that the ques.- of the t -e p itness.
Afier :t few remarks on the subject by tile be printed.; ts (it'e kido in f
... ... -. tio be take: by yeas and nays, which was ared mover, The House then again resolved itself into a .I ec n co
T^ j... i^-.to, and th. question was accordingly so taken, and the resolution was agreed com -it,.e of the whole, Mr. S'M Ir of Md. in .. le. .. o .. .
and decided in the negative-ayes 55, noes 59o. .. chair, on the bill >o pay the officer,. and vo- le rrench Milnster of W ar has published a
NDA tILTus tearn that a trum was Present-- Mr. B ALD VIN moved to discharge the corn- lunteers in th e Seminole campaign, for horses ge ti.ltn 72d. rele"rt of
MONDAY, APRIL 1.. The journal of yesterday was then read, te of te whole fro the further consideration lost i that service. ar ryom ,y parcp n in the nspiray
-- -The t.llowing gentlemen were announced as certain res,,lutins by him submitted, on the The question before the committee was on a I n itha all fears
""iai eol1is yhm umttd"n ieof iNaenalcom Th otillsrcnsindFrsehvewol
Tlw. I-Rport of the Conmittee of the House of ,aving ieccn appointed to compose the Select 7th of January, proposing an alteration of the motin made by Mr. McCoyv to strike out the suiterna com otiUns in Fralce have wholly
(be eo ivt e.he subject of the S lave o tt non er .BASSETT'S resolution relative laws yaying duties on gords imn)o rted, and to proviso ; but he withdrew the m option wit an in-ed
1lepresentat ivct te subject of the Sl:,ve ^^ ::^S S :Ey S 'n ^ on I ^ t he 0" with an 'n- The debatuE on tile various partsoft, law re.
Trade, which was delivered. in by Mr. Gorham tile government. viz: Mr BAssErr. Mr. HAM- ta t e ;ao mo tee tile he n IThie conmit:e n theHouse ad reported e tthe P press in Frnce hae finally closed
on Friday 1ast, concL-e- w. h the following re- Zs, M:- CCCK ,f, Mr. Gri.mi, lMr. BLAIR. haleOftheu ye andv ha et le binthe iabeofDeputies.Th, votes .n tile
solution : Mr SMITH, of MId. from t,,e Committee ofon ordered. rint in tCe amendment, (which dreqtired the ac- opti ono ei w no r, u i 7e 'aer epts
Resolh'd, That the President of the United .Ways and Means reported a bill providing fo: The motin was divided at te call o Mr. counung officers to deduct from the value f thearectete hher the w
States be requested to enter into such arrange- the payment of the saaries of the public fficers'.Etw.RD. of N. C. and a discussion of sum. horses to be paid for, thile amount allowed and restricting tie press it )Fance would be adonted
ments ,as hc may deem suitable an proper, with and for -ther purposes, which was twice read length ensued, in which Messrs. Baldwin. Ed. paid for the use Irnd service thereof) Ch ambero ers, as they have passed e
one or r: o Of tile morimt powers of Europe, and committed wards, of N. C. Mitchell, of S. C. if alworth, The amendment was opposed by Mr. CANNON The continental I r dvi f
'tr ie :l'cua boiiolofte lveuad1"1~r. SMITH, Of Mdl. gave notice that lie shold heOotiel-l-I .redeoi f-,~h n
for the. cTectual abolitio- of *he solve trade o r. St of Md ave notc, thath, c.. eratol n l,:llar. Trinmble, i aweer, Cambrelen Bulert to the extent t,, tr which it went; ato'l he support- u prestt An -tie daped Fa kevordof 17 sn-
intcwst rpprt which Mr.onns xp -yor te consieratn o ochester, nd Sithf d. took art, hen ed, at considerable length, the justice and good at rice C tczene was on is way to s
cd histlis actrth of rrPonsttcpre,,-_!. ... .. .oczsnrenwas on hist w.tOayDatIte
ed his disse.t to, and declared it to be tilheactof r the questin was tken then, first upon the policy of indemmfing the voluntecs for their ptbur charged with a miion on the
a bare majority of the committee pointof discharging tle committee of t- ,whole,1 osse ,as proproed by thekoriginalmbill.
a baremajorityofthecommitee.,_,ert a requsng tileright .."oftheprovisional government -f Grtece estabi'---h
----W_ fth "nt iSaest tranlts .l tn o'tile nd decil(.et in tile amfrmattve--ayes 37, noes 66. 1Mr. WOOriSOm ;,SO spoke at some length oiled; Ags .to -h sppr o il
o th Umed tats t cetai los o had t th 1 8 d 1Hed :.t Argl:S, to im, lore the support iof the e/ape-
T he first election for the City O ficers, under President ann C m s ners of the town of r l- th .ro hat 'tnr l of a b i sub itted thco se rea- aor suet fo the R-nde nc eo f t le s,
the new charter, took place in tie C.y of Bost. n Tuscaloosa, in the state of Albama; which was st Monday i December next. A therews so sons which res rained him from v oting to rantr and to submitF to the Rssia? o w rnmen.te .
on Monday last. Te pri;cipal contest was r wice r.d ad com itted tch business of an important nature that re- the conpenation claimed for th e volunteers. the subject of the introductonogress of ArgchCs on
the Mayoralty. For this office, hrrison G Ois Mr. R ANKINfrom the same committee, re- -uired mn diat decisionand the p e riod introduction of a moachrepiied, and
was n,;niuateel by the Fed. ral C.:ucus at Faneuil ported a bill cnrfirming the ilaims.to lots in lh,. thce session being h.itc d to an early daylI(e M. Mr oifA, Alab. contended, in a speech of constitution, the bases of which are or.ly to be es-
Hall; Josih Q-incy was numinated by a Meit- town of .obile, and to lnd in the trmer pro. thought itinexpedient to o into the discussion some legth that justice, equity, and good faith, tablished with the consent f the great European
ing.of oe s-ns b;longing to a prty in the city vince of West Fiorida, which claims have bee; of a ,'ct that would rto ably co sune a t is ,iccorm lng th the userstanding with the volun- pwes. Letters fro Vie ,na announce that
composed (t Republicans and Fcdera;ists These reported favorably on by the commissioners ap- niht -te also serve that te ti' should pbablyteers, required fen ihthn t o great evets may be expected in March ; and that
were the only person nominated previously to poi,,ted by the United States; which was twice 1n1t bt fre lo bcnsvahered, noritha ot e at con- horses, c,. l'g,t o war between Russia and. the Porteapp ari.,i;o eit.
the election. The result of the poll in the seve- read ard c.mmntited. e fr iy aedr itot grat con- or C to te a gera, sition that bu a thus letters have sid so before
ral wards was a, follows: Ailr. N,.w'rN, fro m the Committee on Corn- tledesraiaon, and he believed.it would be proper to Mr.The Sp: isiE Cott th have e e ntly decree. tiatn
-na mi n e -~ u j c n t e a a i n n h w h e r e t h e s o l dii c r h a s r e c ei v e d le s s t h a n til e v a a l S ~ i h v ~ l n w v e n ,. s v r d
ForJosiah Quincy 1755 votes. merce, reported unfavorably upon the petition of usw o lie bj ecat ri t ote vacatiidupo of the l horse for his service, the derence a p sh vesis- e ed 'h SLVe trade
H.Scatterings 593 Thom s Taxte,,of Bo^biton, wlI h, motion of -he subject at the commencemento the nexr ses- ought to be paid for ris loss, bu not more, and ae to am f rf ca t oner ttes ,
The uscatter:ng" votes were principally for N* E en.o i, on e spoke some time in support of this opinion har labor on te public k,. All oeies
Mr. Winthrop. A majority ot all tch- votes be h,.-N, Of VU. r*'om the Conuniiie on R STE0ART opposed the moien ; it was a Mr. F. J.tES replied to the argu-menits 4. Mr. erd l mron t w sl o n bori
ingnecessary to a choice, no election has been te Judiciary, Ie>orted a bill conccrning Abner sc s. Il o por th ee ihe revenue Me,.!,ie rand advoc ed toe justice and equity of r h a Spal ish poortes u lae-e. boardll slil
I a n t e c t 0 t t h e g r e .t e s t i n p o r t a n c e t ,) t i l e r e v e 'n u e 3 e e -I e a d a v c d t e j s i e a d e u t f b e l ha hl t o t h e .a m e p e t i al t ic s ; a nl d a i l s a c
made, and another trial nust take place It is L. Ducan, ch was tice read an corn ,f the nation, ad of : ,uc more importance than indemiifying the loss of horses, &c. sustained by nse free e trt these
not amoug theleast extrarinary of the i cidents many other subjects before ie house The ta- the volunteers. f intd o ill hall b;W trt
otf the day, that Vr. Quincy should have been Mr. EUsTiS; f"oM the Committeeon Military if,. he remarked wus not;, new question. It had Mr. WOODCOCK made some remarks to show regulations wi beru, carried ntoeTct.
nearly elected to the Magistracy of Boston by tA Prsesento thweUnie tames saesuboc1 e long occupied the attentive ,,o,.i-ei.ation of th, the propriety of m-odifying the bill (in the m:.nner .has denidithe H te ofnComme, asa tat e,
Republican votes Mr.Q. is at this time Judge rtfcto nd ta, o o people of this country, and he thiughit it was til.le .uh.equ,' t!y stated.) which appeared in the London Globe, th at -
of cheMunicipal Court. A large tajorvity :f t!he of fortification, and, particularly, those on itshould be considered y te house. M'. BUCHANAN advocated the general princi- structions had bee n sent to th b West nd -
Wardens, Aidernmen, and other W d Officer Dauph:e Iland and Mobile Point, reported Further remark, were made in support of the pie ofco:.,;,cnsa.tiorin fr the horses ; and land htth ort h d
elected are federalists, as might have been ex- thereon adverse to makgappropriations there- :otion by Me..sr. lontgmery, Cuthbrt, GILE contended that the Tennessee ad, the Uportssud be openeto the a:ect
pected. de 't d laid n t MrtEbwas right, Comb ele, Rhean, 1c/ell, S C. truols were already fully paid, and this addition- of ripoity p ed S a the reric
Ur--B--- el l1Malkru, and W'elson, of Md aind m opposition *. ai allowane was not demanded by justice or -
Avesselarrived at New York, brings informa- Mr. BURTON, from the select corumittec ap- te r,,,lion, by Messrz iFuller, ,a a'yer, Rich. equity. ertnent.
tio, that the Spanish pivateer brig Vanganza, pointed to quire into the expediency of epe-l. Ba dwi ,Stewrt. oodson, .JnsM,'ewtn The qouestin was then (about 5 o'clock) taken dlThe sales ofcOtton,at Liverpol,for the week
ticu, tat ile pansh t ivtee1 :g th:la fohtilawtorrgemtheencouratoi, Bemen;, Sewat.cWodsnided arc 2daamonte to11,70hbles an
of ten guns and 175 men, had an engagement ol th law or the encouragement Vaccinatof Va a uchanan. on concurringin the amnc,dmient reported by the n c am tedo, b a
two hours and a half with a patriot privateer, made the following report. N. r i, Ialcd (.r the yeas and i-nn, wic. coy ami. .e ,.f he whole, and decided in. tie ncga- we are for bya passenger, the prices
supposed to bc tile Centincl, or the C.,ngress, The corinattee appointed., inque into tlhe prnprie. wre thce, ,,pn ordered, td the qustio -was tave--wys 63, noes 865.a L ; N a ,lc s8 a 12
S, ty of repealing the 'act of 8Ia,i, to encourage vaccina- -ive-ayes 63, no,( Seaisland 13.1 a 19d, and tiat holders vere stiff.
of 14 or 416 guns. he .Vanga,.za lust 5 uen ion, and if, on inquir-y, it shall seem proper, to report a decided e n te) "nug.v.,, tl, ws ", t v l .american 1 9,c on rue 2ath er ere s.t iu
killed, and 16 wounded The Ios on b.ard the bil to that effect, have attentively and deliberately exam- YEAkS-lMers. Alexander, Hall, UBassetl, ayly li- he had.prcvi uy intimatcd, whch was, in sub-;ives 97 a 9 ;ewSixes 96 a
patriot vessel, is :,ail to have been very g; eat. ined tesubject, andl su-mit the follo,,irig Report: low, hBlair, Buttler Cambreleng, (;,Canon, Cock, Connocr, stance, to deduct ;>ny allowance previously made 99; sevens 97; Bink stocks 92I 5s to 921
----m,.--- ~The recent unfortunate occurrences in the state of C.'aft'slCrndu,CUshmlan,'dv.irt, lane, Eddy. Edw;vlAs, for the use of the horse. unless the volunteer hall 9 s T U7ATON k soks 2I.it.
J. J. APrLTON, E q. lte Chart des Affairs Nor;h Carolina,having involved considerations ofthi ut. N.C.,arett,Gileralt,tlar li, ,libar,looks,.a,-k- shew that hlie was re-mounted ; in which case the Tie state of nappy Ireland continues to
J. J. APLETON, mq. a rage ccs Aairs mot importance to society, and intimately connrcte son, Kem,Lathllrop, Leftwvich, lincolt,, Long, rnlCoy, Me- dution shll onl een to hei sh vo anihappy Ireland continues to
of the Unled States at Rio Janeiro, arrived i with lthe dearest interests of hum.nily, yor committee Duiffle, McNeill, Mallary, Matson, Merce-r. Montgomery, con all only ex to tie such grow more and more deplorable. We cannot
this city a few days ago. el it to be due to the occasion to commence tieir re Neale, Nelson, of Mass. Nelson, ol' Md. New, Pluhmer, o; lunteer served on fot ; and provided, that if any possibly give etet'c this evening, and must
i ,marks by a distinct and unequivocal declaration of their New vl.uripshire, Iankin, Reed, uof Mass. l Jonathan Smith, Esq. late Cashier of the Of- entire and unshaken contide,!ce in the efficacy of th Rei I, ol Georgia, Rl'ti, Artnur Sr',liti, W. Snitih, Alex'r cl..thlmg, such payment shall be deducted from ders, robberies, and burnings, become more fre-
e of'Disonmt and Depostc4 the Ba nk of the vaccine disease as a prevntive of small pox. In ad.l-i. myth, Steriingof New York, :,tevens.on, Sweari:ngen, thile sun to le all. wtd for his losses .e ee nd common fte
Sflce o Discount d Depostefthe.B kofth e to the experience of the most intelligent medical T,,nmpson, Tucker, of Soth Carolina, Tucker, of'Vir- a l l n quent every week; and the commission of these
ULiited Statesat Philadelph;, was, >n I"'uesd:,y men, in all parts of the world, the com.mtee have 'he iinia, Uphamn, 1Nalk.r, Wlhit t, Willi,,ms, of North Some debate took place on this amendment, crimes continues to be attended by the most ag-
last, unanimously elected Cashier of the AlMe- satistaction to state, tlihat even the late unhappy accident aurohina, Willi.mls, of Vir'gira, Williamson, VVilson, on the part of Messrs. Edwards of Conn. and gravated circumstances. In the mean time, the
chanics' Bank of Philadelphia. in North Car,.lna has hbee attended by the consoling Wrigh -65. fwodcock ; after which it was agreed to without tong arm o the government has thus far been
circunmsta.ce of another and a triumphant evidence of NAY6-- Messrs Baldwinm, Earber, of Cop. Barber, of a division i. t
.~r b the virtues of vaccinaion. The inqui.v, therefore, a. Ol,a, Baireman, Blackled.re. ,Boriand, BreckenridP, Mr. then oved the adoption of an adi- exerted in vain to repress the blood-chi:.ing out..
John qdams is re-elected Mayor, and Williamnt pears to be very properly limited to the mere expeditn. Brown, Buchanan, lUrru,os, Campbell, of New York, r. r'then movedtealoptiono anadlc.- rages.
H. Fitzwhylsonn, Recorder, of the city oi Rich- cy of the existinglaw, which aulthorizs the appointment Campbelh, of Ohtlio, Cassedy, Gamnbers, Coldojn, Condict, 'tional provibo, which was nimodified to read as The Special Commissions at Cork had just
mond, for the ensuing ye r. of an-afent, from An,, to whom letters may be .ransmit. Conkiunig, Cock, Darhnigton, Denison, Di)idtinsnI, D,jr- lfoll.ws : closed their session, and, on. the last day, sentence
ted free of postage. -1,hiletle committee would on no fee, Dwight, Edwards, of Con. Farrelly, Fidly, Fuller, Prvidfd, Tht no claim shall be allowed under the of death was passed onr, thirty f-ve of the nhite
account offer a suggestion which could be construed ,. Gebnard Gross, Hawks, Hemphill, Herrick, Holconlib-, provisions of this act, until a proper return shall have "
We regret to lean, mat letters from our impi, a doubt of 'Lue flicacy of vaccination, they con- Huobard, V., .Johnson, J. T. Johns',n, Keyks, u'rkland, oeen received by the accounting officers from thile corn oys Many were sentenced to be transported.
squadron in the Mediterranean b ing news ot ceive it nimaiy, neiertheless, be a question, whether tht. Litchfield, VIcCarty, ,ilrry, Matlack, Mrttocks, Me- pany to which the claimants shall have belonged, shew- Some'of t!e worst of the offenders were ordered
the death of Midshtpmttat Thomas IVo-thi,,gton, Leneral government can beneficia!iy interpose for the cafe, Mi'..r, Mitcell, ot Penn. Mi.or-., of enn.- mg 'thle number of horses lost in said company, !in man--'for an early execution ; and it was distinctly sta-
son ofeDr. C. Worthingtmn, 4t Georgetown, a orteraoce cfan object which se-mi, in:, peculiar man. Moore, of Ai ,. Moran, Murra, Newto Patterson, 'ner aforesAid, the time when lost, and the name of the ted,that the pardoning power would not be ex-
young gentleman of engaging qahties and. grent ne, oappertain to he municipal authorities in the se of N Pattei-son, of Pen Philhps, Pirson, pitcher, owner." o .
veral -,rates, and which must, f necessity, be finally co- :uner, of 1en. iel, Rochester, oersj lIoss, Russ, r .. ended to one of them, unless a change was ef-
promise. He fell in a due" at Port Mahon. minted to tihe management and discretion ofpofessiounal Russell, Sawyer. Scot, Sloane. S. Smi,., J. Speed ^ .r..F. JONlS made s.onie remain.- to shew fected in the disposition and conduct of the peo-
,jtSpneStrig o o.Stv~,s, r ,, hat this amntedment \iould produce no good et'
mei, possessing thle confidence of the community All mit, Spencer, St rlig, of Con. Stt, Stoddar, hat this amendment would produce n good el- ple, so that tranquility should be restored. Three
In a very useful iiltlL Pamphlet issued from iour regulations for the preservation 6f the public health Swan, Taylor, T.,d, "1 nr'inson. Tracy, 1 rimnble,-Vance, ftlct, and would create useless difficulties in the of thile thirty-five, were recommended to mercy
the Post Office for the city ot New Yo k crtitle, ar (u..u:stnli)s of police, wisely committed to those who Van V enisselaer, Van W)ck, Walworth, white, Wood. settlement y tlhe jury.
the PosotdOffce.fr n the city of New Yn 87 jile-, I" "l" i by tile juy.
4 he'P OfficDi tor we fiod 4h are imm-d~ately interested, and therefore most likely to Woodcock, 11,o son, Worman-87 I' est',. 7la.domery, Rich, france, Cannon, --
SThe Post Office Di : cory," we fifd he num- adopt efient measures fr their own safety. Ad t is The question as then put on cor itting the 11fallary, an- .,ore of Alab.alsomade some re. roDERICKSBURG APRIL 1 3.
ber of mails made up at that office each day in duuatd whether Cnt)gress can, in any instance, devise a resolutionstt) -acom mittee of the w ,l o thoe m aoil ,her neo lt, alo th de di ns .rss Fire.-- e stop tile press to
the week, the aggregate for each week bing system which will not be more liable o abuses in its resolutions to a committee of the ole onc ark o lhe amedmeit, and the discussion Disressi.-We stop the press to
1031, I'his seems a large number; but it falls operations, and less ,uhject to a prompt and salutary state ot the Union, and carried witlj ut a divi- continued until near 6 o'clock; when a motio, announce Ithe painful fact, that a fire broke out.
oierablshor1of the number made u at the c than stuc as may be adopted by die local au- sion. was made to adjourn, which prevailed by the last night, bout 10 o'clock, on the premises
ostOsier h o thi nu a up in tihe thorities. tie privilege, e of 1 tranking"e1tters, nfi&rred On motion of Mr. II. NELSON, the house casting vote of the Speaker ; and owned and occupied by Mtr. John S. Well-
P ost Offnic il this city, whichi upon A~'in(, upo n/i'n alli ivtiirlul for thet purp'os<1u iuln im t i t*i j i i* **-
find to be 1532. u n e rbut vn cine ', t p r of a him to them took Into consideration the bil for alter- Thet House adjourned, ford,.which, before it could be subdued, con-
fin t be 15 2.d ., tribute th'e va~xine. virtos, and t'ere-by to at,emuilote .n
.wealth, by levying con ribution> from niall parts of the iag the times of holdiu, the Distrift Court inam__ sumed the who!e range of buildings, on that
Tl offi rsan ci f h ri Traveller Union, affimords an instance of monopoly as rei iiguant t,. the state of Mississippi, and after few imila square, with thlie exception only of the Farimers'
The officers and c e of the brig traveller, tile spirittofour political insittion as it is to the char- trial amendmnts, at die suggestion (1i Mr. N 'L- From Harvana.--Capt. Mlaffett, of the scir. Hotel-cormprising seven or eight stores and
which sailed from this port on a w ling voyage titer of the medical professn,, which, for public spiral sON, of Va. had been adopted, the bii was order- Mechanic, arrived at Charleston, S. C. left Hava- dwellings, besides a number of out-houses, Mae.
a e all of them blacks, with the exce o th ed and active ilelen, is too wel established to re- e grossed for a third rd an e stl. b rn paper C W ha nottime at present for further particu-
o ok, w ho is a w white m at, !- -, A 'ew BBdf ord 'ap. ,;.f maxiliaries of this de:c rpion in tile, perform ntgoe
.11 1,ittdlte'$ But another and more f,.rcible objection On notion Of Mr. SMITH, 61' t" Mt ttle liouse V1. informs, that (lie United Sta~tes' schooners lr.-ead
(.-A typographical error inthenotice of teildea ofi preseits itself. An establishment of this kind, und-r went into consideration of a bill further to amend Shark, Lieut. Perry; Porpoise, Ram age, and Re-
our late friend B. G. On. as published in our last, may the authority of the general government, naturally corn- the several acts relative to the iTreasury, \Var,and vege, Hammernley, had touched in at Havana LEESBURG, (VA.) APRIL 9.
give a very wrong cast to it His last moments, itisthere manlds the attention of all pordons of the country; and Navy Departments, and, after a few.!remarks b, and saiit.led again, previous to the 31Sst. It was ,We regret to state, tht on the afternoon of
ad, (as printed,) were fortunatete" peaceful, and com the numerOu renrisitions fr thea c ateri Mr.- H NELSON, and Mr. SMITH, ofMd. the bill understood' that the former had poceded lorI y t n ious belong
ps."The wrssol aebe, truaeyregfions so extensive, must occasionally reduce all), siugle I'r .NisN n l.S'tr fM.tebl nos;pl httef~re a ~eec ~"Fridaiy last, the elegant maiison house belonging
posed acefl'and corpds should have be- wrtuntiely agnt to the necessity of either rehucpishing the prf- was ordered t. be engrossed for a third reading. Keyv.West, to ascertain the practicalility ol crect- ,o Thomas Swann, Esq. of Alexandrtia, situate
f llo lwas ddaysbwr m ain' ng I feredfe,oroftransmittingmatter-f o.-nbtfn character. P The house, on motion of Mr. Ra_, went into ing a fort ,n that island. The schooner brought .,witin tw.o miles of this t.w, was entirely con-
oppressed by adversity, against w "ich, however, until ub Agcnts musthnecessarilY be employed to furnish a. consideration of the bill entitled an act in addition: into Havan't by the Porpoise had upon her steri-, seied by fire. The accident, we are inform d,
bo. ly disease conquered him, he bore up with fortitude yI litO eoren b cupidi.ty telne r neplmteence, to an act entitled an act providing for h. prompt Mary of Boston," but there was not an Amer-. ,as occasioned by the carelessness of ofhe bick
and unshaken firmness. His illne was pain l te instrumental in rdug mischief, by the settlement o! public accounts; whei Mr. RicH can on board her ; this liuise was assumed, as man, hired on the estate-Getis of .ibrt.
ger'ng; hisd.ath was that of one composing himself to [lisittlums of inert natter, or by the more fatal e'ror proposed the Illowing amendment to the bill: they said, to avoid being captured by the Patriots. -
sleep. or disseminatmKn a pestilence instead of a prophylactic. Sec. 2. .dndbe it further enacted, That,whenever', in bhe was from thc Spanish M.,:e,and ad on board GRACCHUS.
That such unhappy mistakes may occur, ias bnt too w,.ll the settlement '4f the accounts beforementioned, a dif. a number of slayes. It was supposed she would r MI-s beautiful and uti .,t, ii n.i.'d stallion will cover
DIED, attested by tie recent -vents in North Carolina. The ferenceof opinion shall arise between the acco,,ting of- be give, up. M 1 ares the present sea.sn at my Co.tage Farm, in
At Philadelphia, on Thursday morning last, in the 79llh ("mmittee are,' thereforee in' e tor th o b li."ef", tat ficers, as to llhe extent ol the credits to b.. aliove~d, un- A report had reached Havana from Cadiz that the county of King George, at the moderate price ot 15
yearofhisage, Endwad b oe Esq. one of the most res- ny, nstingl 'nn, c e with the Un ,ato ab r lav ser. oiby viree of,, n ce uch case shall be referred ortes had -cknowiel.ed the independence dollars for each mg. e, which may be discharged by i
AmericanFirelnsuranceCompany; but, whilst young, and monpy or p!'ri'eg.'. can b;. ent'ely exempted. If, tar', to cause to be conmmunicated to Congress, at tle the Indepen'.ent forc..s in the Custle at V e' Gracchus was bred by the honorable John Randolph,
before he became afflicted by disease, had led a much however, it should l>e deemed advisable fko Congress to commencement of e' h sfssin, a statement, compris nt. C" (uz ; but hea vy battering. cannon, mortars .ed horse Di
more active life. He has left a family, plunged, by thl cntine t, d in citating tie disbutn cn the names of the p .erons whscaccount ll ave bee" h been bui re lrom Mexico, and the oe., ercndwuas o.ld not lo e bo a comp:.rihon with
event, into tlie deepest distress u pate h Iy t i e om e now in o pe. a inc, th e s tiee ti|t ttle p "ec d, id e r, y'oqreea cly to he provisions ; ; ^ :, ta possible, in is distnguisned e in n e o n t wh at
In East Windsor, Connn. on the 13th nit. Capt. NOAH si-e Ot opinion thait some of lhe evils to whnih thiey have ol t" : 't, oge ther: "il th i.inn wieh shlla have 'Y "y 4.ni "^ dam by 'vr's rhanlieleer; hiri gr:\,.ind dam Me~ale's
EuR n, aged 88. He s,-rv, d under the Ming of Gret averted mig1t be " Bri'aih in the old provincial or French war, and against or more agenta, judiciously located in ou" arge citiesin of exptn cultures, and upon other evidence than such as [Courier C eor ;hi bre td a by r, r A mtre
the kihgdurmng the evlutionary war. d fferent quarters of the Urnon. But, after matne de- is pre crbed iy pre-eXstng lrs and reuh.l:,ons. G ;racchus is a fic chesnut, nearly 16 hands high, and
A. Behh.lhem, (Pa ) on Thursday m,rnkng' last, about liberalto they have co..e to the bonchlsion that it ec 3. Ahd be a further enctced, Th"i .u:y ermn CIARLESTON, APRIL 8. ad.ritned by all who have seen li, .o be the finest horse
9o'cock, Mr. "yOMAS, OUR a iliarly known by eh, would be still better to cobe mit the subjectlahletle to shall swear, or aflirin, falsely, tnclin" lle expenditure ,lALnit S ates Tl>.Ri S.ark adpite yhat has been exhilvted in Viriniao bet f irheswthos
name of Daddy Thon~a. As' theFri,-nd of Shangers,- he h.-al anthorntes, who, with the aid of tlhe profession, nf nulhli t,..,oney, or in ,uppl'-t of anoy claim ,-,,.ist te- d;ava.-*Th,' Unted 5,ale brl. Spak, C.apt, tlat asb^;eenehbtdi irii er,
.e had conducted many thousand persons, during the al men, will be more competent to the suacessfill man- Uni ed States, he, or she, shall, upon convictio,, thereof, El on, ..d U iled .tates' srhooner Grampus, t Mres' o r d t ed b
*last half century, through the various institution, at that agement of'it--and to whom they believe, it prop-rly suffer as for wilful and corrupt perjury- Lieut. Grg.oy> g t to sea on 5.turdiy; they are r n:r e h av t y e seap e p s.
place. He came from Moravia, Germany, in his tou, nlrt "h"gs. They, therefore, report tite accompanying Mr. COCKE IToved that the bill, together with de-tiK dupe, ;, fo,.r umontis' cruize in the West raer He wa'ahfrstlv .(010 se:,. irJ'af, when he died. HIe bi .. ., C .. ........ i.,, .. ........

The report was accompanied by a bill to repeal
th existing law; whic.-i was twice read and or-
dered to be laid on the table,

the amendna.nts, be committed to a committee Imba S.ms. rt. 6trong, at a em er of on- flue horse are inti>r

COOKE: replied. Mr. RTIEA RISO made a few re- took passage in the Spark for the West Indies, ecom untaprix 5-eote .0 ants.

yvkXCWIu-yv u s-) g 4f j u-.
wasakind, gentle, guileless and oblging' old man. Many
tear has bed-wed h., gT'vae, from 'lie eves o, the 3 oing
and '.he innocent. His virtues were many and his mem
1ry will long be respected by the vb'tukius and the good.

Si'l i 1 iLL -,

No. 8820.


WASHINGTON, 'rTJEtSd) Y, APiUL 16, 1822.

to condemn them. Placed in thes circumstance, theit rights, &c. derived from the constitution, andafier.vards
-"--- 're - -- former good chlra'-ters ought to go for something. The to be admitted a state of this Union on the same footing
( t -ES ., Al" -fac ors are irst nominated b tlie Piresident, and then as one of the ori inal states, the people ot such new
have to p s the ordeal of th.s body. I id not know an) stlte will then have their full representation in both
oftheni personally, and with tine Sup rmintndtnt ity houses of the Congic-s of the Ulited Utates, awl then
DEBATE IN THE SENAI'E, aclquaintanice is not of long standinI. The ollcial inter- tLie constitutionn of the United Mtates is in full operation
[cuNT] NLit.] course I had with him, dut'ring two ,tears that I was a mt aI;l oier such new States, as it is in one of the origin-
[c the bill to abolish the sste of I an trademember ofthe committeee on Indit;n Atfairs, g'ae ne a al states.
n the bill to abolish the syst of dan tade. good opporLuni.y ofknowing hoim. t. is but justice to lt.igous liberty, the right to worship the Eternal,
Mr. J IHsSON, of Louisiana, in the course of him to state, tlhat I consider oonul an able and a f.,thful agreeablv to the dictates of comscielice, is tie highest
his speech on the bill to abolish thei factory system, oicer, and, what's of as much esteem with ne, an ho,11- righSaliItn ti '.beingcanposSess-tieItratis nmade by
and in answer to some remarks of Mr. Benton, concern- est and an upriglit man. the t il ed States vith t rigtoanty reliiss, b hbertyi-
ing tie official conduct of the age i asemntlo*Tted in con- My oltbicttuti to the continuance iot this trade goes tonr th.,s been aCquired, do guaranty religious hiberty-
ducting tile systemicial conaid, it it s anot "tiI girie nd again st toie ,'stem itsef. In tne first place, the capital the ght to Vworship the Eternal, agrceabiy to t le dic-
that any of those agents hald abusetl the trout reptsed in is entirely iadeqt ate tbr the object. Onl this point I tales ot conscenct, to the people of that acquired ttern-
them, laht the Cononittee on Indian Afftars had report have not data to speak with pr.cisioi, but, to supply tory-line first arti le of amendment, to thle c,,nstLntution
ed the blI. It was other considerations, which, in the whole of the Indian trade, I appreheoftd ctht ten of the UnitedS states declares that Congrss shall make
the opinion of the committee, made it expedient to abo. times the amount now invested would bei niecessiary. no law r'spcting an establishment of religion, or proln-
fish the acto,'y sys-em, onod to provide nmtre effectively Tihis lone would be concesive against ti s)stemi. Tle bhitig the exercise thereof -the constitution of the Uni-
for opening trade and intercou rse with the Indians by present cvpitalisfound difficult to manage. TlieI ndian ted States guaranties to each state a rep u blican t, of'
licensed uiaders. lIe had examined with ttention,e border, wreth ade is cat i n, extnd vernmet ad the constitution of each ae reel -
whichthe gentleman from Mississippi had referred, and market, tile purchase of' articlhus suitable for the atlts, religious Opinions ,o'fessiotis, or wirship-atid the ci-
could perceive in them nothing which shewed that thaie real oritaginiary, tihe wishes and the caprices, tof tIe tizensare protected in their liberty and property. The
Superimtetdent of Indian trade, or that the factors, or varioustr'ibes the transportation, care, aid sale, of the t section of tl tis bill provides that tihle inhabitatsof
agents, had not faithfully discharged their duty; that, so furs and peltries, involve such ta complication of cii cn ,- Florida s hall be protected i n their liberty, property, a id
far aa he was informed, lie believed them all to be ht- stances, that it is impossible for Ithe government to c- dile exercise Of hlir religion thereby conthfimig, by
nest correct men. lie said, that ie had but a slight duct the concern to adatantage. All these ediliculties ex- the sovereign power of the IT, States, tile rights wlich
personal acquaintance with the 'Superintendet, but the ist with the present investment, and all these difficulties the IFlorida treaty reserved to them.
character of that gentleman here, for integrity, stands would increase with the enlargement of the capital. 'I1 hi ninth section, so far as it goes. may be consider-
high, and that, from the best information lie could ob- Nothing but individual enterprise, individual industry ed as a constitution containing principles ol'a permanent
tain, he vas of opinion that the Superintendent had ful- and attention, is equal to such a business. Indeed, Idis- nature ; on which is bottomed, so far as this bill provides,
filled the duties of his office with ability, and perhaps like the idea of this government becoming a trailer, and tie conlstitutional cripact Of the peoplle of the Unted
as well as any other man could have performed them coining, as they must come, in competition with private States with lie people of IFlorida ; this section declares
Mr. J. observed, that, in conducting trade and inter- traders. 'This government, like tile government ot eve- to tile inhabitjirns of Florida that they shall be protected
course with numerous tribes of Indian,, spread over re. ry free country, requires a great deal of machinery to in their liberty, property, and tie exercise of their teli-
mote and extensive regions, and whilst there existed a keep it i motion. Let the public functionaries be limit- gon--and it notifies them that no law shall ever le va-
compet1titio between our events and priv ate tradles, it ed to those objects which must be attended to. Leave lid, which shall impair, or in any way restrain, them in
wod indeed be sprisin if no complaints had been the Indian trade to individuals. If it wants regulations, the freedom of religious opinions, professions, or wor-
wo4 I be sadmitting that thee t eet some let those regulations be made. The wisdom of Congress ship.
Sisanagemt in carrying on this complicated trade, is certainly sufficient for this purpose. I never knew In allages,men who sincerely worshipped the Almigh.
he was notwilling to impute it to intentional error on much advantage result to any government from become. ty in any manner or form, have deemed the rights of
the part o our Iagents. ing trades, speculating in funds, or evon holding bank conscience and the freedom of religious opinions raost
It is suid by the honorable gentleman from Missouri, stock. In every competition, individual interest is al- sacred; of this right they have been most tenacious, and
that great abuses had been committed by the Superin- ways too sharp-sighted, where the government is a have suffered persecution of every kind rather than sur-
tendent in purchasing goods of bad quality, and not party, rendlcr or give it uip to the arbitrary will of others. The
adopted to the Indian trade; in making the purchases Still, if I believed this trade to be of advantage to inhabitants of Florida are presumed to be tenacious of-
at improper places, and at extravagant prices ;and in these poor Indians, no consideration of loss, on our part, their religious opinions, as well as of their liberty and
te annerofselling the furs and peltries received from would induce me to withdraw it from them. But ad- rightsuf property. They may have been informed that
the factors. Mr. J. said, that some of the gentlemen vantage to them, while you supply so small a part of the Florida treaty provides that they shall possess these
who were examined before the committee, seemed to their trade, is out of the question. Open the trade, un- rights-they may understand that they are to be admit-
think that such abuses had been committed. But from der proper regulations and restrictions, and the Indians tedas soon as possible into this union, under the cons-ai-
an examination of all the documents laid before the will be better supplied, and on better terms. Competi- tution oi the United States ; let the ninth section of this
committee, aid fom other information which he had tion, that gi-at regulator of the trading community, will, bill be retained and they will be expressly informed that
r-ceived, lie was of opinion that the Superintendent had of itself, be found sufficient. the rights enumerated in this' section are to them con-
priformnedt his duty with the utmost zeal and integrity. As to the detail of the bill,I prefer the sections report- firmed by the sovereign power of the United States.
With respect, he said, to the quality of the goods pur- ed by the Committee. I think the factors should be per-
chased for the factories, there seemed to be a duiler- mitted to close this business, and, to prevent loss, a rea-
ence of opinion. Governor Cass, of Michigan, in a letter sonable time should be allowed. Either plan, however, BRITIlSH STOCKS.
to the Superintendente dated in August, 1816, says, I will answer the purpose. It is satisfactory to find such
have been much gratified to find the goods sent h re tfor a unanimity of sentiment in the Senate on the propriety In the British Houseof Commons, on the 25,h
the Indians are well selected; perfect justice has been of withdrawi,,g these establishments. February, the Chancellor of the Exchequer (Mr.
done. I am informed by persons in the Indian Depart- Mr. RICHARD M Jo.NSuN,of Kentucky, sid, Vansittart,) after a prefatory speech, in which
ment, that such a selection was never sent to this coun- lie was willing that the factory system should be abol- tati at i rn c in i
try in fact, I cannot conceive that they codld be better ished, but not upon the ground that tie superintendent, he stated, that the different stocks standing in
suited to the objects to which they are sent." lie said, or the factors or sub factors, had acted unfaithfully nor the name of the five per cents, amounted to one
that the factor at Fort Osage, also, speaks favorably of upon the ground that the system had ost is some mo-, hundred end forty-two millions five hundred
the goods sent to him. It is probable, he remarked, ney ; nor upon the ground that this system had been and thirbj thousand pounds," and that the
that some of the goods alluded to, by the gentlemen useless. He had examined all of the documents, and prurietorsofsuch stock he believed werede-
who were examined before the committee, were rem- was present when honorable and intelligent men were proprietors of such stock, he believed, were de-
nants of the old stock on hand. He was informed, that a examined, and nociat of fraud or infidelity in tle subor- -sirius to accept the terms lie was about to pro-
great portion of the goods now in the factories, had been dinate agents had been proven ; that he was a stranger pose," moved the following resolutions :
purchased about the close of the late war with England, to the factors and sub-factors, with the exception of one Resolved, That it is the opinion of this committee
when goods were exorbitant, and difficult to be had at or two persons, and therefore could say nothing of his that all and every person and persons, bodies politic or
any price. He believed, at that period, that the price own knowledge-but ihe was extremely happy to find. corporate, who now is or are, or hereafter may be, in-
of merchandise was from fifty to one hundred per cent. from the examination i.fwtnessel, &c. they appeared to terestd in, or entitled unto, any part of the National
higher than twelve months subsequent thereto. As to him as faithful ages in discharge of' the trust reposed in Debt, redeemable by law, which now carries an interest
the places at which the goods had beenpurchased,he con- them. As to the superintendent, he had been acquaint- after the rate of five pounds per cent. per annum, and
sidered a matter of no consequence, as it did not appear ed wih him for many years, and he had always consid- is usually known by the name of Navy 5 per cents., or
that they could have been obtained on better terms at ered him a man of great respectability, arid had sustained by tlie name of Irish'5 per cent, annuities, payable at
any other place. Nor does it appear, he observed, that a high character for integrity as well as capacity. 'I hat, the 13ank of England, and who shall not signify his, her,
the furs and peltries received of the factors coud have as to the expense of the factory system, he would re- or their, dissent in the manner hereinafter mentioned,
been disposed of to more advantage. The act of 1811, mark, that the object was to accommodate and civilise shall, ri lieu ofevery 101/. of such 5 per cent. annuities,
makes it the duty of the Superintendent, under the di- the savages of the wilderness, and this nation was under receive and be entitled to the sum of one hundred and
reaction of the President of the United States, and upon the most solemn obligation of morality to do every thing five pounds, in a new stock, to be called the New Four
such terms and conditions as lihe should prescribe, to in its power to rescue the natives of our country from Poundspercentum Annuities,and tocarrv an interest after
cause the furs and peltry, and other articles acquired i total annihilation, and to extend to them all the comforts the rate of four pounds per cent. per annum, and so in
trade with the Indian nations, to be sold at public auction, which was irn our power, having a due regard to the proportion for any greater or less amount of' such live
in different parts of the Unwted States, or otherwise dis- great interests of the country. These were the objects per cent. annuities; and that the dividends thereof shall
posed of, as may be deemed most advantageous to the of those distinguished patriots and statesmen who had be payable halt yearly, at the Bank of England, upon
United States. originated the fs-ft,-,.v, -,"- "1, 1.i;os lI tad "Io`t'd ti up- the 5th day of January and the 5th day of July, in each
-i-sTaiTTtn wit respect-to tlie complaints of the wards of twemy-ive yea:s he believed. But the was w .'i- and every yer ; and tile first half-yearly dividend on the
goods furnished the factors not being adapted to the intg to wind up this system, because a great diversity of said New Four Pounds per Centum Annuities shall be
Indian trade, he believed that the Superintendent had sentiment ex' sted as to its utility, and doubts entertained payable oi the 5th day of January, 1823 ; and that the
generally consulted the different factors as to thede- by many whether it was the best mode sto pursue to at. said New Four per Cent. Annuities shall not be liable to
scription ofthe goods which would suit the taste of the tain the great objects of retaining our influence over the be paid off until the 5th day of January, 1829.
Indians with whom they had intercourse, and had fur- indians, and il extending to them the benefits of chili- ,* That the interest and dividends payable in respect
nished such articles as they called for. zed life. to the said new 4 per cent. annuities be charged and
Mr. J. aaid,cthat he would now notice some of the tie was convinced, also, that, even if thie factory sys- toargeable upon the onsoldated new er centitiesof the United
charges against te factors. It is insisted, that they tern was best, yet that Congress had not such confidence Kingdom of Ureat Britain and Ireland, in the same maua-
have constantly and openly violated the law in selling in the system as to give it all the efficiency and all the nor as the interest and dividends of the 5/. per cent. an-
goods to white people, and in selling to the Indians at perfection which the organization could receive. These nuities now stand charged on the said fund.
extravagant prices- But, it appeared that it was within considerations, and a desire to meet the wishes and the T'rhat all and every person and persons, bodies poli-
the instructions of the factors, to dispose of to white views of others, would induce him to vote to abolish the tic or corporate, who shall not, within the period conm-
people, such articlesas might accumulate on hand, which factory system. But he wished some other system, well menacing on Monday the 4th day of March, and ending on
were not saleable to the Indians, and he did not doubt organized, to be brought forward as a substitute, that tihe Sat,,ida, thei6thi day of March, 1822, both days inclusive,
the power of the President to give such .instructions : if experiment might be made of such other system. The signify his, h r, or their dissent from accepting and re
no such authority existed, it would readily be per- committee had proposed to rely upon a well regulated ceiving a shlre in the said new four pounds per centum
ceived that the interest of the United States would suf- trade, by granting licenses to private traders, under pro- annites, in ieu of his, her, or their respective shares in
fer. That of a large amount of goods, however well per conditions and regulation-, and he had conctturred in the said fiveper cent. amnnuities, in the manner hereat-
selected for Indian trade, many articles might remain oni this course. It was impossible tfor him to say what would ter directed,lshall be deemed and taken to have con-
hand, which would nuot sell to Indians. And, from the be the result in winding up the factory system. He, fori seted to accept andreceive thie same: Provided, always,
difficulty of supplying the wants of our troops stationed one, did not expect the principal fund would be realizedt,dif any proprietor or proprietors of five per cent.
on the frontier, the factors had been instructed to fur- and that arising from the great difficulties of managnig aniiuities ail 11 not he within the limits of tile United
dish to the officers and soldiers, from their factories,such such a system under its present organization. lie said Kingdom at ny time between the 22d day of February
articles as might be required. The factors, .1i some he did not intend to say any thing on this subject, and and the 16tl day of March, 1822, but shall be in any
instances, had been further instructed, as lie was in- what had been said by other gentlemen would supersede thlier part o' Europe, it shall be lawful for such propri-
formed, to send out merchandise for the supply of the ,any farther observations from him. etror prop-ietors to signify such dissent at aly time
Indians, by persons employedas private traders, on ac- before the i-st dy of June, 1822; and if any such pro
count of thle government. '[his policy had been adopt- "0rrictoror hpprietors shall not, at any time betweru the
ed at the requestof the Indians, and. for the purpose of REMARKS OF Mlt. RHEA, OF TENN. 3d tda ofr p etors slanduthe lst day fm June, 18bt 2, be
extending every reasonable assis which could nce to te ndians thfactories. Houe of resentatives, within any part. f Eurpe, it shall be lawful for him, her,
Mr. J. said, that, as to the prices of the good furnish- On Mr. Montgome cry's anmendmignt to the bill or the, to ignify such dissent at aiuy time before the
ed the Indians, itis provided by the act of Congress es. from the Senate to establish a territorial overn- Ist tday of Msrlch, 1823, such proprietor or proprietors
Straithng-hiuses with(liethmeIndianm tribes, in thmat. merit in Florida. proving, to lie satisfiactti tion of the governor and direc-
tablishing tra ng-huses with theIndian tribes, t met in Florida. tors otif the tank of England, or any two or more of
the prices goods be regsuppated to, and paid for by, thle in- 1r. RHEA sid, hlie would vote against L trik- them, his, h r, or their absence from the United King-
capital stock, furnished by the United States, shall not mg out the section under consideration. 'Ste have, said dortm, or out if Furope, as above specified; and that his,
be dminshed" Some articles, he sa, gt bear but ie, lately obtained the sovereignty of' Florhil. The ,er, or their share or shares of sucl five per cent. annu-
little, whilst others would bear high profit 'lhte fict people ihiiiitiing tliat cnuntry have not h1g- iuen com.i ties, stood i hiis, her, or their name or names, respect.
or arecmelledto regulate le pricesof tiegols prehiended within the territory of tde United States, lively, on th( 2d day of tiebruary, 1822, in tie books o0
sold, ,so as nt to diminish the capital vested. I le ninth section of the bill contains Ithree great princi- the governor and company of the bank of England: And
Upon the whole, lie was of opinion, that the conduct pes-tnamely, one securing the rmgit of conscience- provided, als that such iproprletor or proprietors, so
of the superintendent aindOfactors, in relatii to the df- ote seuring p personal mbertya a another securing the absent from the United Kingdom, or out of Europe,
f rent subjects unt which the ge intlman from Miso t t- right of pro perty-thle peo le of Florida (except cti- shall chlm sceh ri ght willthi ten days after his, her, or
ri had contmm ed, might be satisfactorily explained. mes methe Unilted St.,es who may have removed their ret 'rnuto the Uited Kiigdotn.
without imphecating nle character of any of them. These tuere y1ther temporarily or permanently) know little of s Th at previson be made by this house for paying ohf
gentlemen, he remarked, had no personal interest what- our cnstitutio and laws-to these they are strangers. such proprieor or propietors ofthe said per ceni a-
ever in the Indian trade; they were absolutely prohibit. M "priiples t" le constitutionofthe U.States equire muilies, as shall signify hIis, her, or their dissent from ac-
ed lom being, in any manner, personally concerned in lawso fte I. S. to carry them tto operations. It hais oeen eptig and ieceiving any share in the said new 4 per
card in eit ong Thei acty he aid, under ine oblimtcioenmi int*'titld tihat tile Cttititustinn of the United States co- .ielt. annuities in theu thereot. And iil iase ot any Iratns-
of an oath, and hve givetu bond, with secumitv, for the vers ie people of Florida, and that is sufficient. The fer of sucut shares, o any part or parts thereof, after such
faiil peormatce if thei duty. TIhey act too un treaty whereby Sipain ceded Florida to tile United states dissent, thIe iart or parts so transferred shall be entered
den the immediate instructions of the government, and might as veli be urged in this argument as the Consti in the said bnoks, under the same numbers as were atf
are compelled to render n account, quarter yearly, of tution of the Uomted btates--for that treaty provides for fixed to such shares when dithe dissent was so signified;
all money, goods, and other property whiatsoeverw, which te seecrnity of the people o Flor ida in (lie enjoyment and every suct disentient pIroprietor or proprietors, or
come into their hands, or for which they ought to ac- of their rehgio:i, and personal liberty, and right of pro- his, ler, or their assigns, under any such transfer, shall
count. Thus, it will be perceived, tliat the superinten. pert'y. "1'ue Counstitutiomn of the United States provide's be paid (il irs tlme numerical o.der ini whicl his, her, or
dent and factors have acted under high responsibilities, that new state, may be admitted into this Unt t-he their name <( names shall be entered in such booki, such
and that the government has had every opportunity of treaiy with Spain proieo that tie people of' Florida payment tio commence on tlie 5th day of July, 1822, and
judging of the propriety of their conduct, and it is to be shall, lum due ttime, be admitted into this Union--but o be conttited at such periods and in such mlaniuer as
presumed, tiat, if any of them had violated their duty, laws of the United States, providing for such admission, t'arliamnent itay direct.
they svumld have been removed vfrom office, are necessary. Who has heard of a new state being ad- All executors, administrators, guardians, and trustees,
th s much, in reatio to the official conduct of t nutted into thin Union without laws of thle United Sala's may sigt'nify such dissent in respect of such s areas s of the
officers alluded to, hie thought his duty, as a member providing tor such admission ? 'ImUis bill for tlle estab- said five per cent. arnusies, for die mhltng of which
of the cotirtte'ewhich Lad examined the stibject, to ishnient of' a territorial government in Fhorida," pro- their ,names are made use of respectively ; aid all exctiu.
sf"te to the Snatees vides that certain laws of the Utitedt States shall have (tits, adnitdtirators, guardians, and trustees, nut tgni-
M L EOf PennSylvania, said t'a, for oll force andt efhi-ct in Florida. The reasons urged for ft'itig such dissent,shai.l ie deemed toi msse', .uas aforesaid,
Mr. Lowiyar h enn s id tat o striking out the ninth section may, with equal propriety, atd shall be indeimiuiied in respect thereot."

ictor system that he had carefully examined the vo urted r striking ut thu lith section of mi l, hi- After a short explanatory discussiont, the reso-
luminous documents the Senate had ordered to be in Florida, because the eighth section of the first art" lutieonlvwere agreed to. Thie s plain (the Chian-
printed on the subject. He had come to the full con- and the third section of the fourth article, of the o elo state) old relive the country to the
viction that the factory system had not answered the stituitn of the United States, give power to t-o,; re .s amount of one piilhon one hundred and tihy
urpeose intemued by i establishment. Tfifs conviction, to enact such laws. That thic t however, said Mr. I.. has nut been produced in my States shall ibtali an tl' e l ful ree aud .t al thic.ets p inda pcndettt of thi e Irith jive
mind, bv the reasons which seem to operate with the i a cents whih amoitt t ninety thousa..d

.. I- -x .......... terrtory not included within the bot:,, and Jialts of
gentleman from Missouri.(Mr. Benton ) His remarks the territories of' the old thirteen states, or either o' pound nore."
go more to shew the abuses of the system, and, indeed, them, but whichlhas beer. acquired by treaty frnom all)' --- -
frauds of the sytu itself. and facw of thane subject iso a, y the foreign power since the adoption ofthtl onsitutionand CARD.
iect in the sytem itself. My ieiv of' the subject is the that the inhabitants of( slch territory shall be entituet t..CA..to
reverse of tlus. I think it ald not beidificultto shew alltthe inhabitants f such territory shall be enitied to -..., pil-)' persons who have joined the
evere Ild not bedfiulttohew all the rights, privilege, and immunities, sanction. -', t go to unt mno, a
tha a!; tie tranosactio.s, so ably uconmented on by the ed and ct firmred by the d G o,,titut onesto citizens u ogo to o- Vrnon, and
,enctlemati from Mistouri, (Mir. Benton) could have hap e U d S t e neces td ciiles o t-. 'i it i,
opened in the absence oi every thing involvingg fraud wr te U nstentf .., e ShmgBoait it, ac r iu
oith tie Constitution of the United States, that the so -- -' .. the- tean Boat olot t ae till
official niur conduct wt foe part of these officers. They vereign people shall by tie Cougress of time United lease the Li IlB'idg,-, pr'eielsv at iine o'clock, on
are not here to answer fr or defend themselves, and States, enact laws prepratory to, and declaratoy of; edes y r g te 17t instant.
the evidence before us is not sufficient, inmy judgment, the admission of such territory to a panticipatio ioft april 16--

iL ( XN WZsCl

.MONDAY, APILl 1.l, 182,1,
R 1ir. ..ii fT firm the Cel- neit tee t, M ilitm'
Gettlemen : I have .Jut seen in the Edwards- A 11airs usto ibhtch ieL siubjct" tii bn fehrrd,
ville Spectator of the 2I h of March, a report ofi a- ; t:, r out th e cti '- the isle,
thedehate upon iM ,. Cook's resolution, COlied of Go t -uvI ,:i ht ia- er s -r ei^ d to te
!rom the Io tono D).iy A dvertiser, N ot lciL h a U ion io thei y etrs 79 i I- ; ;.ir re
subscriber to the Ad6ertiser, I did not, until this htle'' i c' t t re-
n:,ment, know that it had been attemptCd to give o h a retasotiot i,..t ,r :,m 8 tt r ".'",oi
to tihe public the remarks made by nile ill the i ,-itttee to rcpo.t a !- 11 i -
conurne of that debate. I t.ike occasion to sty, do;ar.' 66 ceit i i i..i dis'ha ,.c t the' si tia

that the report is exceedingly incorrect. It at- claiins oh Ger gma a *th ..e -.. ot oil mo.
tributes to me what I did not say, and much of tion of Mr t. o, de1 ed to e be i" t. o-
what I did say has been omitt,:d. It is may duty Tile treec eIuOlutions "ubnt'ied iy uMr.
to pnutt out an miaccurmacy which is tore promi- o SiOlo on Irida L.; ..t, were tsl. in .op :', otp? ed
ineni than tn(he rest. *'Ihe vword ioft!e i o ti' arc : l sc rcs ltuioio;K',rod 'iy '. i: V.-' ,'-
" Now, if the gentleman wants evidence oft this, York, on r'riday, was also t.ke:m p .up a -
it already appears in the letter of the Secr try,U to, and referred to the Committee on the Jiti -ci-
ailhiou .th it is f.-rtlier stated in the s-iam e letter ary.
that he had received no compensationn" I did The report made by Mr. VAN'DYKE, on F iday
not say, cither in point of fact or according to the last, from a select committee, unfavo able to the
reportt of the Secretary, that Mr. Thomas had petition of Thomas hobinson, and othe, ei hecs
received no compensation ; on the contrary, Iof thelate General T. Rubinson, was tak
admitted that he had examined the Land Offices, and agreed to. en up
and that lie had been paid for this service : and A message sas received from the President
I insi-te, that,ifit were the object of the n-,,ver of e Uitd Sates tranhmitting, in co pianc
to obtain information of these facts,,the resolu- with a resolution of the Senate, a re ort f the
tion was supererogatory, because the facts them-. Secretary of War, relative to the inft r nation in
selves were already in the possession of the his possession, touching the most eligible site on
House. I declared, however, that if the resolu- the western waters lot' the ertctiin of a national
tion were so modified as to make it respectful in arsenal; which message was read.
its terms and phraseology to the Department to 'he Senate resumed the consideration of the
which it was addressed, I should vote for its bill toauthirizethebuildinofa light houseat
adoption, lest it might be imagined that I desireel Stoniugtn-Ptint, t ; oft d beenligh housamended
to stifle the proposed inquiry, than which nothing on the option if Mn'. i lacn,) one elso, at or
could be farther from my wishes. neat the port of Ocraok e, in jNorth Carolina.
S ROBER'TI RAYMOND REID. Several other amuenidients were made to the
bii, providing piers, &c. in different positions,
Sketches of the early history of ..laryland, by and some propositions were rejected. Among
Thomas W. Griffith, Esq. the unsuccessful nm tions to amend the bill was
C'. MMUNICAT'ED. one by Mr. R.- M4. ohnson. of Ky. who proposed
This work is very deserving the attention and to add an appropriation of 20.000 dolleirs for re-
patronage of the citizens of Maryland, and will be moving obstructions at the falls of the Ohio riv-
found interesting to the general reader. The er ; which motion was rejected, without a divi-
number and importance of the facts it embraces sion; and the bill was ordered to be engrossed
are surprising, comparing the size of the work for a third reading.
with the period, the events of which it narrates. The Senate then, according to the ~eder of
That they are treated with accuracy in this sum- the day, proceeded to the consideration of the
mary, we recognize by the perusal'; and we had bill (introduced by Mr. Di-k'erson some weeks
reason to anticipate it from the literary diligence ago,) prescribing the mode of co '-mincing,
of the writer. This may be further appreciated prosecuting, a'd deciding controversies bet-v en
from the patience with which he has collected states. [The first section of the bill provides
his matter from a great number of sources, to- that, in alt cases where any matter of controver-
reign and domestic. The work of his predeces- sy now exists, or hereafter may exist, between
sor, M. Bozman, ends in 1638-9, and, after run- states, in relation to jurisdiction, territory, or
Ding over that period, in which Mr. Griffith en- houndariec, or any other matter which may be
joyed the guidance of a writer so accurate and the proper subject of judicial decision, it shall be
well informed, he seems to have exercised a sue lawful for the state deeming itself aggrieved, to
cessful courage, in finding his own way over a institute against the state of which it complains a
tract of history not before delineated in any <.ot- suit, or suits, in the supreme court of the United
nected detail. For, although he modestly calls it States, by bill in the nature of a bill in equity,
early sketches, the narrative does not end until a stating, all the facts, and exhibiting and referring
late period, although it is much more rapid in to all papers and documents deemed necessary
its notices of events occurring since the peace of to substantiate the complaint. The remaining
1783. 14 sections embrace the details for effecting the
T[he.writer of this paper recommends it to the object of the first section.
general attention, and more particularly to gen- Mr. SOUTHAuD delivered an argument of con-
tlemen of the bar, the legislature, and other's who siderable length in support of this bill ; adverting
are called upon to execute the duties of public to, for the purpose of shewing the expediency of
stations, to all of whom this useful summary may the measure, and entering a good deal int', the
afford seiasonable and valuable information, a, a merits of, un existing and long standing cot ro-
cheap rate, as regards both price and the time very between the states of New York and New
consumed in acquiring the knowledge it affords. Jersey, relative to their boundary and the extent
The outline ii traces for the future historian of of their respective jurisdictions-the state of New
Maryland, whose plan may be more comprehen- York claiming jurisdiction over all the waters
sive and detailed, must much favor the ease and between the two states, up to high-water mark
progress of his'labors. In this point of view, also, on the Jersey shore ; the latter state resisting
it is an ostensible present to the state, and to such this claim, and asserting her own right to exer-
of those who are to follow the present generation, cise jurisdiction over the dividing waters, as far
as shall feel an interest in the transactions of their out as the middle thereof.
ancestors, and a pride in the honor of the place Mr. VAN BuRxN also entered much at large
which gave them birth, into the merits of the dispute between the states,
controverting some of the positions taken by Mr.
Southard, and arguing that there was no neces:i.y
PUBLICY virtue of a deed of truSALEt fom John Temle for adopting this bill, inasmuch as the question
rilY virtue of a deed of trust from Johns TemplemRa1 between t(le two states could, without any such
0 to the subscriber, for purposes therein m n betwenthe o tates could, without any such
willbe offered, at public sale, on Wednesday the 1stlaw, be brought up to the Supreme Court in a
day f May next, at 11 o'clock, A. M.at the Washington case between two individuals, being citizens of
City Tavern, (Tennison's,) on the Pennsylvaams avenue, different states, &c.
the following very valuable city Lots, viz: Lots 2 and 3. The bill was then laid over and made the or-
9, in square 62; lots 1,62, 3 ,in 0aret56: lots 7, 8 and der of the d:y fur to-morrow, on the motion of
9, in sqare 62; lots 1, 2, 3, 19, 20 and 26, in square 77 ; cr
lot 14, in square 78; lot 10, in square 80 ; lots 3 and 4, 1". .ickerson.
in square 103; lots 3 and 7, in square 124; the whole oit he engrossed bill to repeal the 14th section
square north of 128, (a very handsome square;) lots 3 ofthe act of last session, to reduce the military
and 5, in square 75: lots 1, 13, 14 and 30, square 101, establishment, was read the third time, passed,
lot 6, in square 4; l ot 6, in square 48 ; los 6, 7,8, 9, 10 and sent to the House of Representatives for
11, 12, 16. 17 and 18, in square 67; 20 feet front of lot 3, concurrence.
in square 141 ; 20 feet front of lot 4, in square 32. The engrossed bill to enable the corporation
Terms of sale: one-sixth of the purchase money to be of Washington City to fill up and d: ain the low
paid in cash, one-sixth at 60 days credit, and the remain grounds on and near the public reservations, and
der in equal portions at 12 and 18 tamonths from tile lay ol
salethat parton credit to be securedLy notes witl approv- to improve and ornament parts of said reserva-
ed endorsers, the 2 last payments withinterestfronihceday titns, was read the third time ; and then, on the
ofsale. If any person to whom any part of this property motion of Mr. IKing, of New York, (who desi-
be struck orhtfail to comply witn the terms of sale, the red some additional information on the subject,
same will be resold forthwith at the cost of the iperun which hlie specified,) the bill was laid on the
so failing. AV. SMI'TH,
Georgetown, april 16- Trustee. table.
The bill granting to the heirs of John Donnel-
VALUABLE HOUSE AND LOT FOR SALE. son and others 5000 acres of land, under a reso-
N Wedlnesdsy, the 1st day of May next, twill expose lutiou of the state of Georgia of 1786, passed
at public sale, at 12 o'clock, VI. at the Washington through a committee ofthe whe v, wee it 1'as
City Tavern, (Tennison's,) on the Pennsylvania avenue, thoug a committee of the whle, where it was
that one of the Houses, and the lot appertaining thereto, amended by adding the name of John Sevier, and
in the block of buildings commonly called the Seven was then ordered to be engrossed for a third
Buildings, in the city of Washington, which is next to reading.
the eastern corner thereof; and at present occupied by The bill h'om the House of Reprt'esentatives,
Mr. William Lee. [he improvements on this lot are t cert-a to incorporated scream
convenient and extensive, anim the well known ituati gransing certain privileges to incorporated steam
of the house makes it a desirable residence. The t:tie ship companies, was also considered in commit-
will be shewvn on the day of sale. tee of the wholc, and, after an ineffectual attempt
Terms of sale: one-sixth of the purchase money to be to amend it so as to extend the prnivilegea to com-
pad in cash, oe. sixth at 60 days, and thie imoaider in other tham those iicrporated, it ws or-
equal portions at 12 and 13 months from the.day ot talc tier other n (lie ta. t w o
that part on credit to be secured by notes with apiinm,. derem t. lie on the table.
ed endorsers, the two last payments witi interest Tlihe bill from the other House restoring to Ith.
from thie day ot sale. If any person to whom this pro- ship Diana the privileges of a sea-le'.er vessel,.
perty be struck oil lail to comp y with the termuis of sale, was discussed in committee of thle wvoite, and
the same will be resold i'orthwoh at tie coat of the per- then postponed until to-morrow.
son :t.o failiug. PiSseSion to be given i one month af-e rep set
ter the day o0 sale. The bill for the relief of the !e, al represen;,-

Georgetown, ap il 16--dts

', TILL be sold, it public sale, to the hig!ihest bidder,
'' on a credit of 6 minunis, at Joseph Duoilop's T'l,-
vern, Middletown, Prince (; org,'s county, Md. on Frit-
day the 19th rnst. at 11 o'clock, 1 itnero man, named
Aaron. 'FTie trnils are that the pi Ci'iser g ive bond,
wsith two approved il securities. I th' i iW i aiili are
not co'iihed with on the day of sale, the property to
be rest ; at the risk and exptoise of the purc!ast-.r.
By oitd:r of the (Irphans' Courti of 'l'ince (coi;. '
County, Mid.
alministratois de boj11s 01on.
P. S. The above sale to be at the riAk nid ,cxis' ,.,f
Mrs. Morris, who purchased saiI negro at publhe :ale on
tile 30(th ultmimo, aiu tailed to conm!ply wli'li !: t in,, o t
april .*-wSt

taves of Grcenbtrry H. Murph;}, Lte Deputy
Marshal of the western district of Pennaslvania,
whomm the bill proposes toindetmniy f'r j auldgmnin
and costs i-covered ;ait-,t him f'or 'colicetinu
two militia fines,) was t.kcn up in comiiinee o:
the whole; amnd, being explained bly Mt. i'iVn.-
LIAMS of Te.tn. tl.h biil was ordered ,.to le cn-
giossed for a third reading.
The bill from :the itHousC vf ti'V'pre:an':'ivLs ti1
authorize tie Secrltary" cf :th. ''r.easury to naked
in cxchainge of .e'taip 6 tand 7 per cenr. stock-,
f'r stock to be- a n intcresz of' p ert et. \'aM
takcll up in comniatt'ce if thi i h Vnli--3Mr. ont-
M in t!c i-o"air.
Itr. rIO L S of ),'l aine, enlered rotiet a bhi,-f _x-
po)i0tit)i of the opcel'aien a;ii st'.t t of the' bi'-
and in conclusion expressed tc upiaioti, ih, it
there wvias a s.roneg praub 'tbiis l thl! t.,-e *i ,s .n

VW. SMITH, Trustee.

ment would be alle to pay off the debt as it be- any part of the report should be incorrect, Mr. the passage of the bill, and by Mr. Moore, of Ala. --- .-... ---
came due, he sh-i>il be avci se to the bill ; but, as II. said he shoul-. at all times be ready, and bama, in fav .r fit, E- ,r jir i
it would do no hrm at least, if it did no good, he it w,,uld afford him pie %sure, to ciriect it. But Mr. ALLEN, of Massachusetts, moved that the ..-...i ^ l *I
should support h..bill. he held it to be the indispensable duty of this same he laid on the table; which which was
Mr. MACON was opposed to the bill. He house to tell the nation how its finances stand. agreed to-ayes 65, nays 53. AP
conceived i' to be neither more or less than a The fact is, said Mr H. we have added to the na- The bill from the Senate altering the time TUESDAY, APRIL 16.
new way to make a loan ; for if there was a pros- -tio'al debt, si:ce 1820. upwards of four millions of holding the district court in the district
pert of bcingc able to pay the debt, this bill of dollars; nd, even with the aid ot a loan oftfi'e of Mississippi ; and an engrossed bill further There was a report in circulation yeste dy,
would ot have been inr,,duced. It was the pre, millions, the deficiency of the revenue for the to amend the several acts relative to the Trea- e not on what t undation, that the ques
oisoe wav in which England had gone on in her year 1821 will prove to have been about two mil- sury, War, and Navy Departments, were res we know not on what foundation, that the ques-
public ch!-tlat nation which we abused most lions ol dollars, which must be charged upon the pectively read a third time and passed. tion between the United States ar.d Great Britain,
and copied most. He was opposed to the wh..Ic revenue for 1822. To refuse to print the nuni- SEMINOLE WAK, e. hich was referred to the arbitration of the Er-
paper systeriu, public and private-the only effect ber of c,,pies of this report, as moved for, on the peror of RUSSIA, respecung slaves deEofted dur-
of which was to make the rich richer and the ground that the statements in the report arefalse The unfinished business of Saturday wa re- ing the late wars, hasbeen decided by him in fa-
poor poorer. He had heard of war in disguise, before any enquiry was made on that head, sumed, (relative to the compensation for horses war,
but this %was the first time, he believed, they had would be treating the comnittce with a disres.- lost in the Seminole Campaigin,) and the ques- vor of this government. The suhject is of great
ev er had a loan in disguise, and he was decided- pect and cont. nmpt which this house had thrown tion recurred, upon the motion of Mr. Rich, in importance to several of the Southern states ; and
ly oppo .d to it. on no committee, though no other committee relation to the proof of such loss that should be we hope wi may soon be able to confiuni so agree-
Sonie conversation took place between Mr. could have been more anxious to discharge taith- required, able a report.
KING, of New York, and Mr. HOLMrIS, of laine, fully the duties imposed on them-in doing After a few remarks by Mr. CANNON in oppo-
(n one or two points of inquiry, which the form. which they had encountered great labor. sition to the amendment, the question was taken We understand that te machine consucting
er put to the latter gentleman, as Chairman of The question having been taken on laying the thereon and carried-ayes 6, noes 56. te
the Committee of finance ; after which report on the table, as moved, and afterwards on Mr. GILMER moved a further amendment, the at the Navy-Yat d, for the purpose of hauling up
The bill was postponed until to-morrow, printing the usual number of the report (one for object ot which was to extend the provisions of ships of war. for preservation or repair, will be
The Senate went into the consideration of Ex- each member, &c.) and agreed to-and the ques- the bill to all persons other than the officers and completed by the first of May, and that the fri-
ecutive business ; after which tion recurringon printing an extra number- volunteers of Tennessee. gate ProToac, lately latint hed, will be hauled up
The Senate adjourned. Mr. VAN WyCK said, as this appeared to him Mr. JACKSON, of Virginia, proposed to amend on the 2d or 3d. [The precise day and hour will
-- to be as fair and' candid an expose of the situation the amendment, by further extending the provi- be hereafter stated J This machinee, we are in-
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. of our country sI had been laid before Congress sions of the bill to the late war with Great Bri- o w b n
Mr. FLOYD, who has been absent front, the at the present session, he moved thatfive thou- tain, as well as the Seminole ,ar. formed, would have been completed much soon-
House for some weeks, on account of ill health sand ext a copies be printed. Mr. VANCE thought all the horses lost in the er, ha .et the prevalence of unusual high
in his family, this day resulted his seat. Mr. BALDWIN said it was very unusual to have late war had been already paid for, and lie was tides, for the last fortnight, retarded the opera-
This beink the day of the week for presenting a discussion of the merits of a report when first -not disposed to have this bill trammelled by su- tions of the workmen.
petitions, there were presented, among others, presented to the House, and he was surprised at perfluous provisions. Expectation is on tiptoe for the result of this
the following: the subject being now debated. This report, he
By Mr. ROCIIESTER, the petition of. the cor- said, had been drawn up with great pains, and no Mr. JACKSON replied, that he thought the bill experiment, itn which we are t behold the novel
portion of Georgetown, in this district, praying doubt according to the best judgment of the ought to be. general and uniform i its opera- and stu-?edous sight of a ship, of the largest
that the bill, now pending before this House, to committee. It certainly contained a great deal tion, and,in point of fact, he beeved thereih class of frigates, taken from her natural element,
extend the jurisdiction of Justices of the Peace of useful information, which ought to go forth to were hoses lost at Fort ei r hich nosupended in the air, and afterwards deposited
in said district, may be passed into a law, with the people. Documents of this kind were little indemnification had beendmenmade.t block-pended in the ai, ani afterwards deposited
an amendment directing the Justice to summon read or understood by being published in scraps Mr. JASO aenment to h amendment on bloc, in a situation similar to that in which
a jury to try cases exceeding $20, when requi- in the newspapers of the country; and the money was then negative. a .ship is placed when building.
red by either of the parties. 6f the country was, he thought, well laid out that Mr. CANNON moved to strike out of Mr. Gil- It is supposed-the whole of this operation may
By Mr. WARFIELD, a remonstrance, counter was spent in the circulation of documents like mer's amendment the words ,unipressmnent or," be completed within three hours-in which spat e
to the above, from 25 inhabitants of the county this. He was therefore in favor of the print- -so as to liait the payment to such horses, ., as of time this mass of timber, weighing sixteen
and town of Alexandria. ing, &c. had been obtained by the United States on ha e hsixtn
Mr. HARDIN, from the Select Committee ap- Mr. McDuFFIE said, he did not wish to be un- contract. hundred tons, will have been moved six hundred
pointed to inquire whether any part of the public derstood as being opposed to the printing of this Mr. McCoy was opposed to the amendment, feet.
expenditure could be retrenched, made a report report ; because, until it was printed and fairly and generally to the bill. ,
thereon, in part, and at great length upon the va- before the house, all its fallacies could not be ex- MI. CANNON withdrew his amendment, and tio he Fifth Annuala ipor o the A rican Coloniza.
rious subjects connected with the expenditures posed. But he was unwilling to print it for dif- contended that the bill wvas not restricted to the
and revenue of the government, concluding with fusion among the people, until it was examined citizens of Tennessee, but applied to all who had
the following resolutions: and ascertained to be worthy of being so diffused. sustained loss of their horses in the Seminole Letter from Lieut. Keaarvy to Captain D. 1T
Resolved, That the policy of resorting to loans, for the 'o shew that it was not thus worthy, he referred war, without regard to their residence. Patterson, Comman aant at .N: Orleans.
support of government in times of peace, is unwise and to one particular feature in the estimate, contain- Mr. GILMER (Hade a few remarks in support U. S. Brig Enterprize, off Cape Antonio,
inexpedient. ed in the report, of the ways and means for the of his amendment, and Mr. TATNALL also ex- 7th March, i822.
Resolved, That this government owes it to the people current year. The gentleman stated, that he had pressed his sentiments in favor of its adoption; SIR : I have the pleasure to inform you that
to take efficient measures for the redemption of the pub- it from the Secretary of the Treasury that the when the question was taken, and the amendment we reached here this morning, last from a cruize
liReatved, That the resources of this nation are such amount of the debentures-sillbe increased forthe was negative. i off Matanzas, where we had un "er our protection
as to render unnecessary at. resort to a system of inter- nextt year. This, Mr. McD said, was very extra- Mr. GILME moved an amendment of the first a convoy of sixty sail of vessels from the Ha-
ina, direct, and indirect taxation. ordinary;for he himself hadit from theSecretary of section, the purport of whic[.e -is so to modify the vana, bound to.the United States. We parted
aResols'ed, That this government ought to adopt such the Treasury, both verbally and in writing, that same as to confine the paym, !. thecaseof such with them on the 4t0, instant, between the Mat-'n.
experAitures, and bring the pay and salaries of the offi- the revenue from imposts for the present year horses as were killed in actitif-,r were unavoid- zas and Double-headed Shot Ke-ys, being obliged
cers of government to what they were during the ad- will exceed the estimate by a million of -4ollars. ably abandoned and lost. to proceed on a cruise in the B.y of Mexico.
ministration of former Presidents. [Mr, Hardin here briefly explained. Mr. Me- The amendment was oppos-d by Mr. F. JONEs, Our first duty has occurre,' at Cape Antonio,
Resolved, That the tariff ought to be new modified Duffie would have gone on further in debate, Mr. MOORE of Alab. and Mr CANNON, and advo. the most dangerous place for merchant vessels tc
with a view to revenue. but the SDeaker declared debate on the principle cated by the mover and Mr. TATrNALL ; when pass.
The report was read through, and shall be of the report not to be in order, on this incidental the question was taken and the motion negatived. My vessel, being disguised, this morning was
published at large in this paper in a day or two at question ] Mr. McDuffie concluded by saying Mr. REID of Ge6. moved to recommit the bill passing the Cape, about 7 A. M. when a twelve-
farthest, being too long for this day. that, on this point at least, the report was direct- to the select committee that reported the same; oared barge was discovered in pursuit. But soon
A emotion being made to lay the samc on the ly in the face of the documents on the table, and with instructions so to amend it as to extend the after she made a retreat towards Mangrove
table and print it- of 'he oral statement of the Secretary of the provisions thereof to all persons, of whatever Point; and, as I could not pursue her with suc.
Mr. CAMBRELENG said he thought the merit Treasury. state, who lost horses in t-ie Seminole campaign. cess with the brig, owing to the shoals, I ordered
of the report would justify the printing of an ex- Mr. COOK. said he was decidedly opposed to The motion was supported by Mr. REID, and y boats
traordinary number o copies; ad e terere printing an extraordinary number of this report opposed bMr. F. JONES, and negative The following note, this moment received
moved that a thousand extra copies be printed. He thought that when a document of this sort oposeCdby m e t O ao will inform you of the result:
[Two thousand were moved for by another mem. was presented to this house for its special pat. Mr. CANNON moved al amendment, so as t,,To Lieut. Comdt Kearny:
ber.] ronage, to go through the country in extraordin- extend the bill to cavalry aind other persons" St : I have the pleaiture to inform you tha, we la-i
Mr. M'DuFrIE said he did not know why an ary numbers, the house should be satisfied that who lost horses, &c..-which motion was carried, succeeded in capturing four boats and two launches
extraordinary number of copies of this report the report was such an one as to deserve its spe- Mr. GILMEn moved to amend the second sec- (sloop-rigged.) We landed, and took them in a creek
should be printed. It was, in the first place, a cial approbation. He did not say whether this tion by extending the proposed indemnity to which I have not yet satisfactorily examined. I senc
,report made by a committee not authorized to was such a report; but this le would say, that wagons and other carriages which were lost or you a barge and a outer,
make it. A committee is appointed to enquire the doctrine in thi report applicable to the west- destroyed in the Semiole campaign ; but the And remain, you Mrs, Lieut.c.
what expenditures of the government are suscep- ern country-that which applies to the policy of amendment was lost. A guard of marines is sent to assist the party
tible of a retrenchment : this committee trans- bringing the public lands into market, was one The question then recurred upon ordering to apprehend the pirates on shore.
cends its power, goes into the business proper to which the whole western country would revolt at the bill to be engrossed for a third reading. This is forwarded by the brig Golden Age
the Committeeof Ways and Means, presents to and reject. Mr. C. was going on, but was stop- Mr. McCoy called for the yeas and nays, Captain Southworth, who I am unwilling to de-
the house a report which is a tissue of fallacies; ped by the Speaker in the range of his remarks, which were thereupon ordered. tain any longer; and therefore request of you
and now the house is asked to print two thousand Mr. WRIGHT opposed the publication of more Mr. CANNON and Mr. NELSON, of Virginia, to communicate to the Department this infor-
extra copies of it. Mr. M'D. professed that he than the usual number of copies of the report. made a few observations in favor of the bill, nation.
could not understand this matter. Why is it He was not at this time prepared to decide on the when I am, very respectfully, &e.
that, at this time of the session, this report is merits of the report; but sure he was of this- Mr. WHITMAN moved to strike out that part IL. EARNY.
brought in upon the house by a committee whose that it was an improper mode of proceeding for of the bill which proposes payment for such hor- Conm. Patterson, New Orleans.
business it is not to undertake such an investiga- committees, in reports to this house, to report to ses as escaped from the owner and were lost-on P. S. This is written in haste.
tion; and why are extra copies of it to be print- it the opinions of officers of this government in- the ground that that was one of the ordinary risks
ed ? He said he would not now go into an exa- stead of their own. Such a practice would lead that was covered by the per diema allowance. NEW-YORK, APRIL 12.
mination with a view to shew all the fallacies of the to collisions between this house and the depart- The question being taken taken thereon, it was Fluctuation of stocks-Yesterday, Unite
report; but he would shew how the committee, mets, &c On the general subject of retrench- carried. States'Bank Stock commenced at II o'clock a
in one item, overlooked a million of dollars. It'ment, Mr. W. said he was as much devoted as Mr. REID made a few additional remarks, e n o
was in this : that the committee had omitted all any one to such a reduction of expenses as was stating that he should vote for the bill, although 9+ per cent.; and before 1, sales were made a
notice of a late report of the Secretary.of the consistent with sound policy-that is, to a just he did not think it sufficiently broad to include stocks were sold at 9 2 percent again, in con
Treasury, in which he states that the revenue economy, though he had no idea o'f parsimony all cases that justice required. sequence of the ne ps by the Columbia.g
from imposts for the present year will be one being mistaken for it. The question of engrossment was then taken sequence ofthe news by the Columbia,
million of dollars more than he had previously Mr. MITCaiELL opposed the motion under by yeas and nays, and decided in the affirmative
estimated it at. Mr. M'D trusted that, seeing consideration. Many members had not heard the as follows-yeas 89, nays 49, and the bill was or- FlROM ST. SALVADOR.
the committee had transcended its authority, and whole of the report, as read. He confessed, for dered for a third reading to-morrow. We are informed by a gentleman who arrive
misstated facts, the house would not consent to one, that he was not master of the principles of Mr. ALLEN, of Tenn.obtained leave of absence in the brig nfordeaux, from St. Salvador tha i
print the extra number of copies of the report as that report. He did not koow that the policy for the remainder, of the session. was perfectly tranquil at that place there ha
proposed. therein proposed would be agreeable to the house The House then resolved itself into a corn- been for two months a great political excitement
Mr. HARDIN said he cared not how many co- or to the nation. If five thousand copies were mittee of the whole on the state of the Union, and the Europeans and natives were arrayet
pies of the report, nor whether .any, were order- ordered to be printed of it, the report would go (Mr. .Nelson, of Va. in the chair.) against each other, but that the election on th
ed to be printed. But the committee, had not forth as the act of the house. But it is not so ; it Mr. BALDWIN moved that the resolution sub- 12th of February resulted in a complete triu rapl
transcended its province, as charged upon it. is the report of a committee only, the principles mittedby him in relation to the tariff be now ta- of the natives, and every European was dismiss
The object for which this committee was raised of which are not so clear as to receive unanimous ken into consideration; and the question being ed from office and natives elected. Twelve re
was to enquire whether or not it was proper to assent. He was not prepared to say whether this taken thereon,it was decided in the negauve; ayes presentatives to the Cortez at Lisbon were cho
rets ench the expenditures of the government. If document was fallacious or not: he professed to 58, noes 70. sen, all natives. A Cortez had also been chosci
so, what part of them, and how much, is to know very little of it-and for that reason was op- Mr EusTIs moved that the committee take and organized in the Province, and they had re
be retrenched? How can it be ascertained posed to printing more than the usual number into consideration the bill in addition to the act fused to acknowledge the Regency at Rio Janei
what retrenchment is necessary, unless a fai" of it. to reduce and fix the military peace establish- r, and would have no intercourse with them
and impartial view be taken of the resources of Mr. GILMEt asked whether gentlemen, in op- ment; which was agreed to-ayes 69. hey acknowledged the Parent Government ant
the country-of the demands upon the Treasury, posing the motion now before the house, acted in Mri. TATNALL moved to strike out the four would send the twelve representatives chosen t
and of the sums properly chargeable upon it? consistency with their own conduct on former first sections of the bill, for the purpose of test- represent them.N' V aily dv.
These, it struck the committee, were necessary occasions ? Did not the house recollect that ing the question whether the house was disposed
and preliminary enquiries. Whether any part 5000 copies had been ordered to be printed of to reduce the army from its present establish- QIn the remarks of Mr. Jlaosett, on thIe Niagar
of the report was false or not, Mr. H. would not the late report of the committee of foreign rela. ment. claims, on Friday last, our Reporter understood him t
say with the same positiveness as had been tions, as soon as it was made, and a like number Mr.T.delivered a speech of considerable length say, that Generi'at Porter concurred with the commiitte
shewn in the assertion of the gentleman front of the report of the committee of commerce ? The in support of the motion he had made, of which ol litieei that 1t was impolitic to provide ,or those claim,
South Carolina; but, as one of the commi tee, he subject of the present report, he said, was one-of we shill give a report hereafter. Mr. i. read irom the Journal ihiat General Porter wa
could say that the committee who made the report equal importance; and the practice of the house, Mr. PoxNSET'r, who seconded the motion, ad eance to the 'mbiecta awas, that he h had anxiously labored to present a fair and in- as tar as he had observed it, had uniformly been duced a variety of arguments in support of the General P. e-er imet the committee more thain once.
partial view of the revenue; and he had in his to order papers to be printed when presented, position taken by Mr. TATNALL. 4j lit- lielu'pt of the Military Commititee of th
hand documents which, he believed, would prove and without the formality of a previous critical Mr. STrERLING, of N. Y. then took the floor on House oftepresenatives on F.,it tication, dehvered i
every jot and tittle ot that report. It was not sta- examination of their contents. The subject of the same side, and occupied the attention of the by Mrin thne meatn avi i ill berp tpti d at stheR
ecd in the report, he said, what the amount of de- the report, he said, is one which is to divide the house for nearly an hour, when port was adverseto t the fornfication of Dauphine islian
ventures would be; but a view was taken of the politicians of this country ; and he therefore Mr EusTIs replied; and Mr. BASSETT having only, and not to to h conmmienced on Mobile 'uoint. Il h
amount of imports tor successive years, and from wihed the people, as well as the house, to have asked for a division of the question, so as to have Report was comuotted to a com bttele of tti \\hol
which an inference was drawn that a considerable full information upon it. each section put separtly, lous state of the uon.
part oh the excessive ~ t i 821 ~~ ~ otEad r RSN0 a.0t oe" ----- -- eahscinptsea~tlI 05 u cSae u h i n

en Mr.Co n rK ad mi edhtis intention,should -
intended for re-exportation;auid before thisopin- to address the house on the subject: but the t rehouserefuse to strike outthe firstsection,
on was hazarded, an enquiry was made from the Speaker announced,that the hour allotted for the hehreaoer to propose ome amen tstecto,
Secretary of the Treasury whether the deben- consideration of original motions had expired. whenafter to proIose some amenIents thereto in Providence, R. 1. a few days ago, the Hon. WI
tures would exceed the calculation for the pre- And the house proceeded to other business. when L. IA. J.;:s, in the 67th year of his age. The decease
sent year or not. To this the Secretary replied, An engrossed bill from the Senate, supple- Mr. Coci;.t expressed a wish to express his sen- was a patriot of the Revolution. In the spring of th
that no certain answer could be given to the ques. mentary to an act entitled "An act for the re- timents on the subject, and the hour being 1ate, 811,he was, by the suffrage ofhis fellow-citizen
ion, but that, without fear of contradiction, the lief of purchasers of the public lands prior to lihe moved that the committee rise and report elevated to the Cief Magistracy of the state olRhod
committee might sy that the amount ofdeben- the. firstayof July, 1820," was r. ad a third time progress, which was agreed to, anw island, which office he lifted, through repeated election-
,tires would exceed what had been calculated. If ter a ew remarks by Mr. Cscke against The House adjournedr. for six years,











I(I bushels Puoatoes, superior qulity-, on boar's
U D tihe schoone,' Eiza, fruom lHtalilax, and for
sale l.y JAMES C. WiLSON.
Georgetown, april 16-St
NE'w c.-PArTNER3SIt.
1OEL CRUTTENi)EN living tfrmed a copartner-
09 ship with Williham G. Atwater, the busi-'ess .iereaf-
;rt will be conducted under the firm ( of.lot-i urutendelr
& Co. They have on thrnd, uin oi fir sale,
10 hhds New O ilcan. Su:ugrs
15 do best retailing MLIasses
5 do Antigua Rum
2 do Jamaica do
2 pipes Cognac Brandy
10 bhbs Neut. Engl.iiul Gin
50 do Wlhik(y, sitave 4 years c ld
12 do best ewarK Cidcr
20 bLags C,,Hee
!0 ciuests y.ounMg hyson Tea
it half o do
16 boxes Lemons, in goocl order
4.5 hbbs cider Vinogur
lJu boxes s-pcrrm t,a,'(lleii
30( do mo.ild :,; owv Candles
2.) do Mose it'l tiiiMins
4 bags Filberts
,U ke.s t; arret's No. I and 2 Snuf`L
15 do .groonii Ginger
20(() b',- ;hel< o;rse Salt
600 do ground alum dor
200 ho {li;i do
For sterns apply to
JotH,.L cIUTT'tNDEN z oou
The above arraongemenii renders it absolutely neces-
sary that all persons indebted to the subscriber by book
or nwote should cancel the :,arme speedily.
Georgetown, april 16-6t
The Rifile for splendid Books
7 ILL. take p'.uc- at P. tMaro's Auction and Commis-
clV mission Rooms, on Saturday the 20th minst. at 5 o -
clu,),k in the aftei noon.
Cutalogues, &c. to be had at the store of the sub'cri-
bec, where the prizes rniy be seen until the day of the
raffle, and where chance, may be purchased. Number
ot prizes 63, total value $1200. No oi Chances 120. at
april 16-dlt20th
SDIVii.ENI) ofa50 cents per share has b:-en declared
A on lie capital stock of the Washington Bris;.e ial
pny, whiich will be paid to rlie stockholders or their le-
gal representatives on spplication tot,
W. A BRADLEY, Treasurer.
Will be received until. th, 14t day of May next for the
.' r.., 5il (.tl ut tintb-r. ao be delivered at the Bridge
before the ,t of July next, viz:
20 ps. 45 ft. long, 13 by 13 in, sq., 12 fee, from')
tihe butt I
20 40 do do
.) 35 do do .
50 30 do do
50 20 6 bv 12 5
20 9 11 7
20 10 squared to 13 int.) Locust would'be
pr .nrred to white
10 12 do Oak.
30 45 14 inches square of F-ine or Guttim.
The proposals to specify the price per hundred feet
reduced to inch measurement, to be measured by a
sworn city s purveyor.
Cash will be paid on delivery.

april 16-3t

W A. ash AI.E, C
Treas. -Wsh. Bridge6 Co.

ifHIS morning, a,. precisely 10 o'clock, A. M 1I s 'all
s resum the sale at the residence ot the Russian Mi-
nister, and begin by selling
All the table and bed Linen
The Plate, Carriage and Barouche
About 40 dozen best French Wines
All the chamber Fuiniture, and, among others. I stu-
pert mahogany Bedtead. 2 first rate Matresses, I ele-
gant Secretary, Bureaus, Chains, Carpets, Tables, &c.
Gentlemen will please to take notice that every thipg
must and will be sol this day, without any reserve.
The subscriber wil; be ready to settle with the put-
chasers to morrow, (Wednesday,) at 10 o'clock, A M.
april 16- P. MAURO. soc;

EDWARD KILLANY, well known in this city, as the
E little boy who carried about a basket of w:;x figures
for sale, has been mi,-sing about a fortnight. He is 10
years old, and has dark hair, dark eyes, and an aquiline
nose ; and is:,ffl"eted with a rupture. The mornog he
went out with his usual little stock of toys, which ihe
vended for his mother's support, his dress was blue.
Any information given to the office of the National In-
telligancer concerning him will be received with grati-
tude by his disconsolate mother; and the prints of the
neighborhood, and those of Haltimore, &c will perform
an act of kindness by publishing this notice.
april 16-3t

HANDSOME Gig and Horse. Apply to
Al. POOR, sue.
april 16-4t

THURSDAY 1he 9th day of May next, at 5 o'clock, P.
M. on the premises, will be sold,'at public uction,
one unfinished brick House, lronting on GC street north,
situate on square 459, in the rear of Brown's Hotel.
Also, one sma'l brick House, oB the same square, and
fronting on Louisiana avenue, calculated for a ha.ecr's
shop. Terms, one-fifth of the purchase money to be
paid in hand, the balance in two equal payments of one
and two years, with interest, to be secured by notas sa-
tisfactorily endorsed.
april 16- M. 1POOt, nic.

Books, *'c. at auction, (last sale but one)
0-N Tuesday night, the 16thl inst. at 7 o'clock, without
reserve, at thle Auction Rooms sext to Tyler's Lot-
tery Offtice, a valuable collection of Law, Medical, and
Miscellaneous Books, among which are Urai ch,Johnson,
Maitle and Selwvn, Barnewell and Aldersoni, Petcis,
Coleman and Caute, Burrows, Yeates, Sergeant and
Rawle, Virginia, Blackstine,&c. Reports; Chitty's Plead.
ings, Btvlie's Index, Clhtity on Bills, &c. Ewel 's Med.cal
Companion, Pott's Surgical works, James' Burns, '1 ho-
mins's Practice, &c. &c ; Hallam, Botta, Hume, Hobert-
son, Jolihnson, Ramsay, Gibbon, Tacitus, Herodotus, and
I hucyiides' fHstories, &c. Catalogues ready tor deli-
very on diy of sale.
april 15-

o A well finished t iree story brick House, and
e __Ir j an extensive Lot. Carriage House, anil Stanle.
s. T'n. r-,use contains 10 well finish,:d rooms, a good kitch-
as eu, and dry cellar. They will be sold, at public sale,the
r- 25th li day ot Apr l, if not previously disposed of It private
at s.de. 'he lot contains 50 feet front, 110 feet deep to a
S30 feet alley. For further particulars apply to the sub-
e scriber, on l.Sth street, near the Brinch IBaik.
n mar 15 wts THOMAS WILLI.MS.
Y The above sale is postponed to TUESDAY
o the 16th inst at 4 P. M. precisely.
le a;ril 11 ds GBEO AD AMS, anc.
Varable Estate in Kentuccky for sale.
'"lIEM heirs ofithe late Judge C'trui Griffin f" Virginia
I. have become owners of' a large port-on i.'t' very
v-iuable estate, highly improved, in the couitiy of
Woodford, and state of Kent:icky, by a decree of timl Fe-
i- deal Court of that State ; an the% are desirous to sell
d this int. rest. Apphlaticona, by letter or othrwse', for
ie partTiculars, say be made either to Th'nms <.rifliin, of
Yorktown, or to Hugh Mercer, ft Fredericksburg, V .
s, N. B. akjor William Taylor, of Shelby county, Ken-
e- tucky, is the Agent of the saxd heirs, to whom persons i
s, iQat s:"te r' i vicinity may apply ftr information.
April 2-w3wv


S .- -" lief to the unfortunate, and to all, security from injury ceased; to define tile limits after she has ceased to ex.
:id oppression. Tile most noble act passed th :,st ercise any ot.ier sovereign y there. This is a right utterly
i y Congress is that by which numbers of.'ur western brethren incompatible witih the public rights of the Independent
5 were rescued from a deplorable condition. In this in- Government that now reigns over it. If acommiss ner
stance the government acted the part of a wise and at- was appointed by Sp:in, as it is stated, he was named be-
e ark's of Mir Cu iUMAn, of taiine, dleliv ie in fectionate parent, desirous to promote the welfare of his fore the new sta'e of thingss existed, and his powers
co arittee of the whole, on the option ot Mr. children and quietude of his family. And will it now would be recalled by Spain herself, a, soon as it was
comitteeD1o t olie utte firstl section cease to act the parent, and deny its affectionate regards known that she had no l.,nger any interest in the ques.
Siyth, ot Vi. to stroke out the first section o to a numerous class of sufferers ii the east, who deserve tion. The gentleman from Pennsylvania, (Mr. Buchan-
the ,oill establishing an uniform system of Bank- well their country? And will those, who, because nan,; had stated i hat the treaty was binding on Mexico,
rutv, they had nothing to pay, were f/ankly forgiven :a debt as Spain exercised sovereignty over it at the date of the
M.i Chairtna;i: I believe I can say with as of ten thousand talents, now urge the government to take treaty That may be true, (said Mr. J ) and Mexico will
imuch nero' ay -enrl'eim wn has preceded me, by the throat their fellow sufferers, who owe but a hun- carry it into effect in good faith, There is no danger of
tmu. Int t aeri ,th t'o i n ie precious tune ort tile dred pence, and cast them into prison, or detain them in i her refusal to accept a treaty, which relinquishes our.
co, :'itee bv pr ,! ngng tlhe debate. I shall make, bond.ge, till they shall pay all that is due? I beg par- right to tier territrv, and gives her six hundred miles
oivev,'_r, in 'po, '... !tis n, right to express my sen- don, Mr. Chairman, for this allusion ; but I am reasoning of seaboard. She has very little objection to Spain giv-
tip:ents ntd as I 1 iYe! with patience, if not with plea- with men of moral and religious capacity, and 1 fain ing us Florida, and leaving her the Province of Texas.
tints-, to lte reasu .ls, OF others, i claim the indulgence u would hope moral and religious men. But the bill is ob- We claimed their country to the river Grande-by the
to u, thear in i v t,. Tt,e reasons wiich I shall as- ejected to, because, should it pass into a law, its benefits treaty we have surrenderedd it. They do not claim our
gnto i.rt s, ieki g onil'. the first section, are these --that would be realized lby the fraudulent as well as the hon- territory-we have relinquished ou right to Texas. We
s,' ,ve itt cI,: Ut oniu pim '.wr tand amoral capacity to est I must confess, Mr. Chairman, 1 did not expect to have made the sacrifice, not they ; all the country west
p 'i.l' i1; anll tha'ti .il nkrupt law, such as the bill hear such an objection from gentlemen who take reli- of the Sabine is now a part of Mexico. Besides, said hlie,
co i ,is lit it ,i cicniforintity with the purest gion for theirguide, and who have so eloquentli address- can we send agents to run and mark her limits, against
rim' s t'i.f an ieni. ..t"tien, human)y ; but also ide- ed our feelings on this subject. They surely must have her consent, without insulting her sovereignty, and via-
ni'i'ud bv the soundest maxinis of national policy. forgotti n a memorable fact, recorded in history, with lasting her territory ? What send armed troops, (ias
bh.uld I it g,:a,' v wander from tiese points, I pre- which they may be supposed to be well acquainted-that was intimated,) into a foreign country, in defiance of the
Sume ,1 be conid' red wninn the scope oflegitimate an ancient city, the measure of whose iniquity was over- law of nations. This must now be a subject of arrange-
debate. h rit. th,. conistutl)i onta,u.s tile power is too flowing, would lave been saved from signal ruin, hiad meant with the government of Mexico. It is better to
evidcn to be denied Nor c., I see how it could be there been in it flve righteous persons. What does this leave it open; we have now nothing to lose; we have al-
q liioned, ( x::cpt tfrOm arb,.Lary and deceptive rules fact teach ? Does it not teach that indulgence ought to ready lost all in that quarter.
o k iio'sr., l' ,-1' inta lT('ib-erl-v viy which dogmas miay be granted to a num. rous class of men, were but the
be es a l shid, a Ld ':oism.,ver'trlowun, at pleasure : or smallest portion of them well deserving ? But there is
fr,,. a/t of aein.,,tl pr.imscsi. and folreit cunicl- reason to believe that, by far the larger part of tlhe suf FRANCE AND THE UNITED STATES
siulli- t .ll ,I(t ,01 r .iiisng ohi waiich we have lad more fe'rers, fur whose relief the bill proposes to provide, are FRANCE AND THE UNITED STATES.
t i i'i hriot 'i meritorious characters. They are men of rectitude and
W ere I t.Ioire t>ni Lla utde of reasoning, I could honor, who have seen better days. And their misfortunes Rflections of a Merchant of Havre, upon the
pr t:, wi- thequa pla 'iiii ,dlat, were the power ex- have been brought upon them by causes over which situation of the Commercial Relations of
press, 1t les lu.iequlocls terl.s ithant t is, it could they could have no control-by the opeiationr of laws France with the United St.ites.
e d'.duc, di f',,i tlo c gene'a l p r.vis,.,Ins oft ,x which were intended fIr the public good. These meni, o,
cone t<.olt,. lf ni la til ti object of bL ,- sir, who now supplicate your favor, once contributed Nin admanimadvertandum, atqueiritandum,
cyntepy concern. n tihe lmlerlatle imtercst of li .uitiyr. largely to the supply of your treasury,and diffused wealth, Sed ad dissertandum atque conciliandum." .
The ilpw r to rt goU.at c'mme'ir is equally applicable and refinement, and elegancies through the community. The message of the President, at the opening
to tiis case, is it i-, to la.ung embargoes, restricting na- Does it comport, sir, with the principles of a free go- of Congress, on the 5th December, 1821, has
ilagn, orito others to which it fayv nave been applied. vernment-l appeal to your sense of right-to deny a i appeared; and, in order moreclearly to estab
l ooser e further, that M hien the colouncs dsoultved ien the enjyment of his personal liberty because lie islish ; the existing commercial dif
theien co nie'-ion with Britain, they did not declare any destitute of gold? Is it consistent with the law of God, thenatre of the existing commercial di
o0t ,late, as M',ssachusetts or i'uginia, free and mde- written in the heart,or revealed in his word-I appeal to ferences between our government and that of
pendent. I'll't expressions of that memorable deciata your conscience-to hold the unprosperous in a sort of the United States, I must first transcribe those
tiont are-" These United C.lonies arc, and of, rigIt vassalage, and to cause poor misfortune to feel the lash passages in the message which relate to those
ought to be, five and iudepe.dena stater" Gen t leiie of vice ? I appeal, sir, to your well known hiumanit)- differences. LHere follow the extracts from the
my use, or misaippiv words as uicy pleas but, believe, to the christian feeling which I know you to cherish- ent's Messae.
thaz it ouiid be dilicult to pruoe ulxt an one e tate it, Can you be..old the man of sentiment and v,'tue, over- message ]
or ever has been, forany lengni oftiune, ti me proper whelhned with wretchedness--his prospects blasted-his Such has been the situation of our commer-
sense of thle tern,, sovereign and independent. ove.- ambition cr mped-his energies paralyzed-his family cial relations with the United States for two
reigityaid independence belong to tme Union. As the undone his children in distress-himself borne down years. Let us now examine whit their situation
Suited States iave the power to do what-ver indepen- by the current of events--des itute of comfort, denied was before that te. I will t, in this sketch,
(eit ,tai., of 'ritglit may do-and as such nations bj hope-bleeding at every vein of his sensibility, aid Ias a e i wa o t th
their inhereiit right do pass bankrupt laws, by which the manly soul ready to sink under all the heaviness of woe ? the difference, which was nearly equal, between,
debt r is discharged, it follows that tdie United States Can you, Mr. Chairman-I put the question to your the tonnage duties, which the vessels of the two
may pass similar laws, by virtue of their inherent sove- heart-behold a fellow being in this forlorn and distress- nations reciprocally paid in each others ports
s..imnty. This power being not i. tihe states separately, ing condition, and not exert every faculty, all tle influ- and my observations shall only bear upon the
were is it, as the gentleman from New York, (Mr. Colt- ence y possess, to procure the passage of a law hich tieson merchandise, in the two countries,
,den.) t'rcily put their question ; where is it, out in Lite shall give to a man so unfortuna' e the desired relief ? onthe
na io ? The gentlemen fIrom the ancient dominioull It, in the opinion of an ancient philosopher, a brave man as they existed previously to the interruption of
speak winh reverence, for age is honorable, tol' tme struggling with adversity was a spectacle which might the dir-ct trade.
a, eld may not ahlwye understand judgment the gentle- move the Gods to commiseration, surely a number oh On the part of the United States: articles of the
ne,r: ir, ir Vlginia, (Slessi's. Archer, Huarboui, SmyLth and worihy characters, fallen from ffluence to pov,: rty, and produce or manufacturers of Fra'nce were only
Stev enson,) who have taken part in this debate, on deepy ee cup f human m cry, may sports f e Union in rench
powers of the national government, appear to be very excite human sympathies. Yield, sir, to these generous admitted into the ports ,1 the Union in French
besunive. I know lot the cause, but they seem to me ni emotions of your nature-for tlen will you act in ac vessels, on paying ten per cent addiliontl ,n the
ae croor, not only as to the magnitude and extent of cordance with morality andi religion, when you deal dluties to which those u 'icles were subject, wien
these onwe'rs, but also as to the sutrce from which they your breadi to the hutimry--when y ,u undo tie heavy imported in Aneri, an vessels
are derived Theyv seem to reason as if Congress were burden-whe y,,i let the oppressed go free-when I i te, rce the difference in the
an adsemblge of e ys, conissoed to csuh te you bricak eery yoke What now restrains you ? A On the pi.t of I1once: tile difference in the
good of their -espective states. i attribute to Congress sense of publicjustice ? Wat is public justice ? A duties upi the it c of the United Sttes va-
a higher character, as being the representatives of the sort of conventional virtue, whose bim'noigfi-:ce is found- ried, according nt:r.e nature of the articles, in
nation, anid deriving the.r rowers immnediaeiy from the ed on principles of utility. Anl justice, in every well favor of their inituortation ii) Frc. ch vessels. As
sovereign' people. For denontraUion, stu'rog n favor regulated government, is soften'.d b clemency and di it would lead me too far t,. center into all the de-
oh ths opinion refer )ou, Mir. C.ai.rinali, to the pre rectd by wiisdom. Thus it is in the -Div;me Govern Iils
nble oi the costitution. Here it is not said, we, the ment, which it will be the highest glory of all hunanle tails on this subject, I will confine my observa-
sS, ut" 'e thepeople of these United Stales, do or gislators to imitate. tions here ti the duties on Clutton, which alone
dain and.s'st;:isli t!iscosti..ufio" What are my i A gentleman from South Carotlina, (Mr. Mitchell,) fi-ras mnine-teilthis oh the produce of the growth
fereiices ? They are ties -i at, as we are the repr- who distinguished himslf in the aly part of this de. of the United States imported into Fl"rnc. Be
senlatieis ofthe people, for national purposes, we are accotut t the iwcuhl y ilf execc uingh he law othi baik- fore the then existing difficulties, Anmerican cot-
spuctie states, out merely the amount intrestof the natio, ruptc i his section of the country I regret lie should tn, imports directly into France, paid (tile
spedi e s.tes, but tle paranso unt s rests of the naton, I tiuis 'address out-f"ars. or presume ) on thie weakness of t<-th included) 22 francs the 104 killogralnmes
sad to pa., such laws's lo,l I, scbj- 'of ankrup'cy, athd
il'iother i' keep~n' 'witih.:, faii' counsnitttllsi' to. governme,t. The American repiublic is niot so inefli- cdity, in Fre,.ch veasls, and 33J francs in Aitie-
soundl iscre ion, ait e a he publicc gtood mnay tretquiie, an ctheatffct ons o'fanie nhtenen nd people h trog to ica, vessels ; it: oth. words, French ves els re--
thu.g ,i boasted state rights fear, as past exeience d monstres, fo c eived a premium of 16 1-2 the 05 kiilogram-
satit uldthe biaosttuto rit e cce tions. Pursing. policy wise, firm, mid salutary, it ties upon tle dir. ct im:nportatlon of A' merican
mBut soulca d the zo denited-teral right a conceded, or- is extending farht ad wrie it ilnfli en.e, n t securing in Colt tn-uequ.il to .bout I 3-4 sons per lb. ThisI
eri and cty superior oeligaionse rof mraty atnd rehv pn every direction the 'oinfdlcnce and support of tle pat- ws not tlhe only advantage which French vessels
iuer, amd t Le superior :,bhigations ofmoraity and religion rinein and well affected Otf the nation And, by ajidi- derived from this discriminating duty ; it was
ar.. piacel a insup.:rable barriers. On tins head I have inous e 'ercise of its Ih-gitimate authority, it will be able
t4, remark, what li!siistUry evinces, that when those who to protect the peaceable citizens and to curb the ambi- oo g great not to lead to another ; which was, to
shiult t.,sle t tte',n herel,'hseeir proper 'ft iseasons, o tion of aspiring states cable.. habitually, French vessels, loading cot-

tre',..le for the safety ,( the g'ov-rnmeniilt nd the liber- Parcere subjects, debellare supirbos." ton in the United States for France, to obtain one
ti(.,ofl i, people. .'hui. moree than.thie ptiilosopniers But were opposition to the laws to be apprehieded frornm cent, or ra her one sous, per lb. freight mote
of Franc-., in nislied taM ni.re.irals tfr the bloody trage- any quarter, itis not, surely, from South Carolina. South than the American ships. Consequently, there
dy, -':ch, notlong 'ice, was exhibitedon their political Carolina, by the able statesmeni which she furnishs to were no circumstances in which the'French flag
thieat-t? Adt! who but the god'y party in England, in the nation, gives the must inequivocal proofs of her in- bad not a decided advantage. In fact, when a
tin, s lnt Verv' reimte, pu'. down one branch uf the le. tel'igence, patriot sm, and attachment to the Union.
gist,,:nre, behe.uled the- 'upremne ex.ecuttv,., and estab. Her citizens will never so far lose sight of the proud French shi, loaded with Cotton in'the U. States,
d a mihtary despotismi? T':ougli evils of this cast, or eniience i which th ,y stand, as to oppose, vi et armis, :n account of her owners, these latter derived a
d)e, o, ragi:nid',ar, nott lie o;,.e!y to be apprehiend. o in any other manner, laws lit accordance with tile sp:- benefit therefrom of 1 2-3 sons per lb. on their,
ed from, 'ii m- -rgh is i ol tticiais of ouri ti-e yet i rit and letter of the constitutioo, and as wise and c. tton ; eqr. latterly, and since the fall of the
do tear, ih-t 'iiild ie bill, so onixinus to them, aOil sahuiarvy as they are constitutional. No that distintgusil- a
so important to tile ,at, ai! into leir power, it would ed state, and emulous of still higher distinctions, will article, to a real bonus of from 10 to 12 per cent.
rt',i\e. no cnpllaXssioni, out e tiirn iinb flom Irnib, em 'continue to give illustrious proof' of her attachment to Oil the first cost. When, on the other hand,
bow, ll,;d or decapitated. fll ti e gentlemen who den, the government and obedience to the laws. Though French ships only loaded on freight, the cent ad-
ouri moral' cvpaciti to pas thle b'll I woulu inquire, what not in South Carolina, yet there, are, it must be conifeiss- ritional,which they generally obtainedover theves-
is imovaili, s ia t no t a '.et o r1 les arising out oif thi ed, to be seen some portentous omens sigs of the sel of the U. r tates,gave them an advantage over
i ouss (r thliugs, a;,.n calculated to proiole hiumuan iihap, times, that aui'ur Io good to our cnfecderatedl republic : ose t, w. ,cl them a tl vantage o
pl tes: ''lhe excel.eice or- perfection of every virtue, I mean the growing smiptoins of di-. ifection to an im- these last, which, in the oi dinary proportion of
or tie wniseasscmbiag e o" tlil ihe virtues, cons sis in a portant branch of the government-inciptent efforts to 3 cents to 2,. amounted to no less thaR 50 per
happy medium. lIn edio tuissumnt,, ibis. Carr ed bh- destroy the independence of the supreme judiciary, or cent. upon the cost of transportation
yoI:a ti.i is, thev pariak, of the vice to which Ihey have to circumscribe its mosi salutary powers The gentkiman From this'state of affairs, as they actually ex-
tie iiearest a IinltL. st'ce, to exan e, wic it a, to wiom 1 referred, ,Mr Mitchell,) assig.ied, as another ied at the pend, riss nturl
beei, erected imin the hord )pa'rauii.U,,L of virtues-t, reason bfor his opposition to the bill, the incompItenlicy msted at the period first 'ntint.d, arises natural
ti tell humanity, benu.volece, sy'n,pathiy,aud even meek- of the persons who might accept i lie appointr i nt to ly this simple question, Could the Jmnericansshold
eyed charify, wi hi the whIle train of ot- l'i,,vely qutihties, perormn, with intelligence iand fairness, thile duties of out against smcit a system ? No-will be the an-
(fIir u e orlii ot niral virtes, we now are told, was commissioners. An,, indeed, iif none but those whom swer b: every man who will with good faith make
made for 1asar,) must do fealty. Just,cc, if carried o lie styled pettifogging attorneys, and characterized as tlh'ir case lis own. Acordingly, after having
a certain iengi h ceases to be a viii tue, ad becomes s e- lacking in rectitude and honor-as a nuisance to society
rity rigor, oppression, and even cruelty. My mn.'aliing a.nd a disgrace to the liberal profession of the law-if striven, in vein, for several years, against a corm-
isillhstrated in the conduct of Shyluck, so often alluded unone but such characters were to be appointed to carry petition wlulloh, fronm the depreciation of their
to in tunt debate, whl., because iu hil;d thi bond, inssted the law into effect, there would, indeed, be insuperable produce, bcaine daily more disastrous to them,
en the potuid of fles nearest mte heart, and contended obj c-ions. For men of this description, "* clothed with and after fruitless efforts, by -means of a treaty
that th .sLate liha no) right, no moral capacity, to impair a little brief authority, usually play suc' fantastic tricks
the obhlg.iln of hiss contract. No' withstanding tills before high Heaven, as make the angels weep." liut with France, to escape fron the c!ilemuia, the
reasoullig, a.,d the law, contract, and iegal justice on his the gentleman must bensensible that such characters, if Americans had recourse to fiscal laws, by which
siide, the moral f'eehngs of mankind niost cordially and any such there a,!e, have neither the countenance of i lihe they expected to establish just reprisals.
sp.)mtanueousi) condeuin, not only this Shyhlock, but also profession to which they are attached, nor of the public, The French government, on its part, urged
the state of Venice, for continuiiK in force laws, b1 and, of course, could not make their way to prefernnent-, on it mast be owned, by the veheenit cornm-
which an hard hearted, unfeeling, tavaricious, individual, 'The Pres:dent, who is to have the power of appointment, ln o s e h o C nere nt
could I.,' a's and excruciate his teltlowv men, and sport would doubtliess exercise it according to sound discre.' ilints of some Chambers of Cimmeree, in the
within the snsiblitiua ef the innfortunate. It is, sir, a;u un tion, and, as he does all other powers, to the general ac- hi st moment ot irritation, caused by this unex
nuatur;, siieof.ithmgs', wenii the head peritmat the less ceptance of tihe people and to thie honor and interest of peeted measure of Congress-the French gov.-
titsitive parts to corstnrnge the more active limbs, and this nation. The bill to establish a uniform system of eminent, I say, thoutghl proper uo meet with
to impair the nerves of lthe system. I would not insinu. bankruptcy throughout the United States, I advocate, countervailing laws the lawS of the United States.
ntean inidious comparison. Agriculture is essential; on the broad principles of public expedience and gene. A- dwa i t l at w al e oa.
nulltmactures-are important; the one furnishes the mate- ral utihlty. My immediate constituents being mostly And what is the result ? lhat which all reasona-
rials, the other g:ves tormn andcomeliness; but commerce agriculturists, and deriving a comfortable subsistence ble persons, who understood the true nature of
is the vivifying principle, it bh.atus into society the fromni the soil, have but small .interest in its passage, the quarrel, predicted'l at the time.
breath of lhie, and it becomes an animated being. After I respect thie motives and characters oif thliose with whom The direct transportation into France of the
all. wha" possible advantages can come from permitting I differ in opinion, and wou;d not wound their sensibilhi- reduce of the United State, ad articula,,
the cred'or to hold the debtor class in thraldom, and ty. As men view objects through dflerent mediums, pro ce o the Uited Sates, ad particularly
tira'ti),iu must be, when Shyliock holds his bond and amid with iuflerent optics, it is lnot strange that they that of cotton, an article so indispensable to the
can, at iis pleasure, extract a pound of flesh nearest the should come to different results. What to me appears prosperity of our manufactures, is carried on
i art, ila draw blood fromn the veins of a generous sen. highly salutary and benuificeut, to others may hc an evil solely by neutrals, and principally by the En-
silti; ? Will this thraldom mend their broken fortunes, genius, which discomposes tieir equanimity wvtiun these lish who laI in at Us in their sleeve arc
eail e them to pay their debts, or add to tIe common walls, haunts their midnightslumbers, and even threat- gus, vh, augtiu at i i sleeve, arc
stock of public wealth or enjoyment? No, sir, it must ens to meet them at Phillippi. Bin', whatever be the dtloubtless making the most fervent wishes that
lut a couuit.r.n t-ndiency, and render both classes hope- diffl'rence of opinion as to thie bill, its provisions, and cif- Itis state of affairs may not soon cease. In this
k_.s--uile one of recoverin:gthleir dues, thie other of imU-. fectls, 1 trust that you, M'r. CJairuan. and all able states. I particular the message of the President must
p, l,suu ei h 'icondimon; and thIe I bor, skill, and enter- men and sound patriots, will unite to give energy to the i aff trd them ample room lor rejoicing. lct, to
ci oft.o thn, latter must be lost, whcbh, it at liberty toI be government and support to the laws-to check, in the steak seio i
., ',tosld not only procure personal and domeestic germ, an undisciplined spirit of innovation, and frown s'ea seouly. it is gnievoiu to see a nusun-
u,,:t..,i. not untrequently serve to enrich, to ini- indignantly on the first dawningi, of every attempt" to derstanding, so adverse to the true Interests ol
A. .-.d to embelhsh society. miar the beauty, disturo the harmony, or impair the vi. both countries, so mniuci prolonged. Tfiure
'i :o(iing of a numerous class in society m thral- gor of ouur political.system, are, according to some persons, two obstacles
a".. tin'gto tievery nble feeling of the u'mind, must which prevent our accepting the porop.situns
'll.uidi'd ,wihnt oh pe erll l,'s hietsi.t "ieppIesst'i When that clause of tihe general appropriation of the Unitei States, (tor a perlf ctly reciprocal
',eracoi it lhals, it till nournshi disaffection and en- bill which provides for carrying thle treaty with trade,) viz: the interests of our own navigation,
ier hiostility to the government These takmgi a Spain ino effect, was under consideration, in and motives of imublic policy. As to the fi st of

range, a d, gauig strength, v ill be apt to Freak the Hlouse of Representative a few days ago, these obstacles, it is impossible, say m,.ny per-
miuto overt acls, endauigerin"g thie public ueace, .,nd
.pedigt,;- n ni i, i its march to prosperity and lo- Nr.J.S.J l:srt,s ,,ol Luisana, sald, as faras sons, for us ti comn ete I1 the ocan wi h tihe
A government, which lives and moves, and has this approprialion is i,,tended to cover the expense of' Americ ana. I advance this objectio'i in older toi
,ts being mi the il l .f th people, oiuhit to be careful to running th" boundary line estauished by 'lhe treaty with d: clare that it does not merit a se' ithlis refutatio ..
remove uve'ry .I.' ground of complaint, andstudious to Spain, between tile Unitted States andil Mexico, it was u. nWhat, are not our a ilors as good as ti'se oi
c, ciliate ti'. afticcionis of all descriptions of citizens, necc'ssar. This House, he s, 1, lhad iletermined to 're- Hanburt o f L ubek, of 0 .e:lbmi g? l et us
'This callbh s, b .li'.,, te.l by countenmanicing thie rnspe oginiz the independence ,,f M.'xmco: it w,,ill iinvolvt anu ml
rous, affording encouragement to .he enterprising, re- absurd.t), mi.w to recog'ize th *ig til l'(S.: i fix h iis : epeal ourold ord uice'. awnl g. .l' i ns, whidchi
u thie limits of'a country, over which all ailtborimy lhaf 110to onge harnionize with the simple means

which, in order to render them less costly, are -I
now used in all the arts; let our ship owners l l .
equip and man their vessels in their own way,, 5 W t "*
and then we shall see whether, with all the ad
vantages of economy in navigation which we TO THE EDITORS.
have over the Americans, our sailors will not Gentlemen: I enclose herein the act of the As-
soon rival theirs. For it is a fact, ihat, with all the sembly of Virginia, of 1807,relating to the Cum-
obstacles of our existing regulations, unIany of berland Road. I wish that you would give it a
our skilful shipmasters had already accomplish- place in your paper. It isill puzzle the modern
ed this object. As to political consider nations, advo ates of state rights to explain under what
the persons who pretend that, if we accept the constittional principles (according to their con-
propositions of America, we shall lay ourselves struction of the constitution) Congress can de-
open to a similar demand oi the part of Eugland, rive power from a state legislature to do an act
very little understand, as it would appear, the which they could not perform under the constitu-
nature of the proposed arrangement. For if it be tion of the United States. Had I time at com.
one of the fundamental principles of this an ange- mand, I would furnish a concise commentary on
ment, that each contracting party shall preserve, this act. But my other vacations prevent me. I
respectively, the right to admit or to prohibit should like much to see the act printed, as it is
the articles it may think proper, upon the sole but little known, and less spoken of'.
condition that all articles admitted in the direct Yours, &c.
intercourse between the two countries, shall be [The following is a copy of the act enclosed in
equally and reciprocally admitted in vessels of the above letter :-
both nations. where is the man, at this tirme AN ACT giving the assent of the state -f Virginiato an
of day, so little versed in commercial matters act of Congress for laying out and making a road frml
as to say, that, even with England, it would not the Potomac Iliver to the state of Ohio.
be practicable for France to make a mutually ad- Whereas, by an act of the Congress of the United
vantageotis treaty, upon a basis analogous to that States, passed on the 29th day of March, 1806, entitled
pp 1 aA An act 'o regulate the laying (iut and imakiuig a road
proposed by the United States ? It is here a fit from Cumberland, in the state of Maryland, to the slate
opportunity to make a remark which seems still of Ohio," the President of tlie United States %,as em-
to escape many people, notwithstanding the facts powered to lay out a road from the Potomac to the Ohio
wlich, on all sides, seem to sui!gest it. Nations, river, and to take measures for making the same, so soon
n respect to comanerce, have been conducted, as the consent of the Legislasures of the -evtral states
Srep to rt w .c e iv ek co n ct through which the said road should pass could be ob-
by thle efforts which each is making to obtain its tainted; and whereas application has o0en made to th.
share, to a position both new and different from General Assembly, by the President' fi'ihe United States,
that in which tiey were formerly. Restrictions tor its consent to the measures aforesaid :
*Ind prohibitions, good at certain times, have now Sec. 1. Be it therefore enacted by the General assembly ,
That the President of the Uri',ed States he, and 'Ie is
no other support than in the revenue, which al hereby, authorized to cause so much of the sai; road as,
most every where is derived from their mair.te- will be within this state to be cut out from the place
nance: blit, at the point at which agricultural and where the same may enter the territory of this state, to
manufacturing industry have arrived among such point or place on the Ohio river as now is, or may
,-ost nations, there is no one who does not per. hereafter be, agreed on by the President or Cogress of
s n s t is no o w the United States, aidcl to caluse tie said road to be made,
c.ive that, in such circumstances, the best in ,eqgiated,l and completed, within the limits, and accord-
terests .if different nations would be consulted by ig to tihe true intent and -eaning of the before rec:ted
favoring the mostsiniple and economical means act of Congri-ss,or any future act by them to bepassed
of exchange among them. France, in the state in relation thereto.
ii which the events of the last thirty years have Sec. : Be itfurther enacted, That such person or per-
left her, is perhaps the naton hich has the most sons as are, or shall he, appointed for the purpose o ay-
left her, is perhaps the nation which has the most ,gout anId completing the said road, under the auttior-
to gain by the establishment of such a system. ity of the United States, shall have full power and au.
To conclude-since the esxstence of this mis-. thority to enter upon the lands i-hrough which the same
understanding we have had time enough to see a..y pass, and upon any lands near or adjacent thereto,
e and therefrom to take, dig, cut, and carry away, such
the effect which our measures of constraint have rnateri-is of earth, stone, gravel, timber, and sand, as
produced upon the Acericans-that of confirm- may be necessary for compl ting the said road.
ing them immovealily in the resolution they have Sec 3. Provided, nevertheless, That such materials shall
taken. How, in-ieed, can it be supposed tha. be valued and tq)ppraised in tte same manner as imateri.
they will renounce it ? On the ne hiard, we als taken for similar piro.-es, under the authority of the
they will rseen that it must be a matter of i difference commonwealth, are b) tile laws thereof dir.'cted to be
ave seen th.t it must be a matter of indifferencevalued and app--aised ; and a certificate of the amount
to them to remain as they are, or to restore the thereof shall, by the person or persons appointed, or
intercourse to its former footing ; lotr the differ- here:- ter to be appointed, under the authority 'f the
ence in the duties amounted, for their dhips, to a United States for the purpose aforesaid. be delivered to
total prohibition of trade with France : and, on each party entitled thereto, for any materials to be taken
the other, as they have already made treaties with by virtue of this act, to entitle him or tier to receive pay.
the other, as they have already made treaties with meant therefor from the United St.es.
lihe princi;..al powers of Europe, on the basis they i Sec. 4. This act shall be in force from the passing
propose to us, how could their government, even thereof.
if they should desire it, consent to treat with us Passed in the session of 1807.
upon more favorable terms ? If then, in accept- Mr. Jefferson.
ing the propositions of the United itutes, our sail- r. m r
ors, tvith the ability which, as soon as the govern- The following suggestions are forwarded here
rent wil' permit, they will not fail to evince, for publication from a distance, and bt a person
would be again admitted to partake of the advan ^who has no agency or concern with the Post Of-
tages of one of the principal branches of con- fice or the Mails :
merce which France can prosecute, (amounting MSSRS. GAL`US & SiATroa:
in imports and exports to 115 or 120 millions an- Gentlemen I -have long conceived the necessity of

lually,) wnat obstacle snoul longer pri'vent a
treaty which should open the prrts o to our flag ? I hope it is not the shame of re-
tracing our steps in a quarrel, of which we shall
finish by bearing all the wrong and all the disas-
trous consequences, if we obstinately persist in
rejecting the means of conciliation yet open to
us. Do we desire, like reasonable people, to
terminate the controversy ? Let us hasten, then,
to treat directly in France with the minister whom
the American government have kept here for
some years past, mainly with a view to this im-
portant' object.

FOR sale, at J. FOY'S Seed Store, Pennsylvania ave.
nue, near the Capitol, and opposite to the Botanic
ground, aming which are several sorts of Peas, Beans,
,'abba,e, Lettuce, Raddish, Parsnip, Carrot, Beet, Sal-
safie, Cardoo.es, Cauliflower, early and late, Broccol
early and late, Celery, Mustard and Cress Pep
pe'r, globe and golden; Tomatoes and egg Plant, s'd
t'albertv, ine large field Turnip, Cucumbers and Melon,
several sorts of Flower Seeds, Grass Seed for lawns, and
many more too numerous to mention. Have, also, vari-
ous sorts if Seeds indigenous of this District, which will
be exchanged for Seeds of any of the Magnolias, (ex
cept the Glauca,) r for Seed of any other ornamental
tree or shrub, such as we have not in this District. Ame-
rican Seeds in general (such as I should have) will be
exchanged for foreign Seeds.
Gentlemen from abroad who would wish to send Ame-
rican Seed to their friends are invited to call and let me
know what they should be mostly in want of, and, at
the same time, they may learn from me what J should
I have, also, Flower Pots of various sizes, Watering
Pots, small and large; pruning Saws and Knives
Just rcceivetd, an assortment of Seeds from Scot-
land, consisting of 150 sorts, principally Seeds of British
plants. Also, some early Peas and Cabbage.
Employers wanting Gardeners, and willing to give li-
beral wages and respectable treatment, may hear of
them by applying. Gardeners, whost sobriety, honesty,
and industry can near the strictest inquiry, may hear of
tmar 15-w6w

liialimore, April 4, 1822.
O -FFICIAL REPORT of the Eighth day's drawing
of the
No. 18149, first drawn, entitled to $200)
9302 100
*5027 5723 50
9 of 20 each, and the usual proportion of 10
All marked thus sold at Cohen's office.
The drawing will be contained on Thursday next.
The gr.-at floating and stationary
Capital prizes of S30,O000
2 of 5,000
1 3,0O)0
1 2,000
1 C, 1,000
&c. all still undrawn.
Tickets and shares at the rate of S12, to be had in the
greatest v.irty o. numbers, wvitarril I drawn, at
S Lottery mid Exchange Ofice,
Ni4. 114, Market sL'reei, ialtimore,
Where, in the three last c;luesr:- o0 this Lottery, were
sold1 tI- capitals ot S4J,000, 30,00, 2 ofi 2U,000, 2 o
10,tUu), &c a5n.L wrei e, also, were .sold in the bist State
Lt r tile gr>t.t prize ot 40 000 to a gin lemnan rewid-
lng in ,Alieinairle county, Va.-10,(J00, 5U00, &c.
Ol' (ricrs flioan any part ot the Unite- SOtales, either
hy ,a Il or private conveyance, encotinn, iitiC cash or
prize tickets, post paid, will meet tlie sarme pulimtr.al an-i
iil'Or pt attenlion as if oin personal application, itliir sei
10 J I C l lh N .ir.
Secretary to the Managers, Ialtiunorr.
Balt'mrore, april 1.5 colt

adding to the officeers o tile Post Office Department,
Inspectors of Post Offices and Post Roads. My ideas on
this subject have been made known to several members
of Congress, all of whom doubted the practicability of
carrying through both houses any proposition which
would be so expensive. Yet, sir, do not present circum-
stances prove that the expense would be a saving ? It
has been argued with me that when complaints are
made, an agent from the Post Office is sent on to exa-
mine whether the charges are correct or not. What is
the consequence ? Before thIe agent arrives the party
charged is aware of the charge, anmid prepares himselfac
cordingly. A proof of this comes within my own know-
The large debts incurred by the Post Office Depart-
ment is evidence of the necessity of a strict superinten-
dance of Postmasters and Contractors. This superin-
tendance should not only be obliged to report to the
Postmaster General, but to Congress. Many post routes
are created for the convenience of individuals, whether
members of t;ongress or their friends,many routes might,
by prudent management, be so altered as to answer
every purpose at much less expense, by starting mails
from post offices on a line, which is now passed from a
large town, the route passing that office, or soi near it as
to do away the necessity of such route farther than the
office from which it might be continued.
It frequently happens, that, through the influence of
members of Congress, a stupid being, who looks at a
letter three times before he can determine whether it is
directed to his office or not-or a man clagely engaged
in business, to whom the postage of his letter may be
an object, is appointed Postmaster, and the business is
done by deputy. In many, or all of those cases, com-
plaintsawill not be made-as what is every body's busi-
ness is no body's business. If, therefore, I am correct
in my data, will not the appointment of inspectors, whose
business should be to be constantly on the alert, be a
great saving to tlhe establishment ? I deal in generals.
Should particulars be required, I will, with pleasure, ex.
tend my remarks. Q IN THe-a CirlNElR.

lHAVF this day opened my spring su,ppl!y of Dry
Goods. Among them are
1 c.se superfine new style cambrice inghams
1 do do Cal.coes
1 do very cheap cambric Muslins
1 do cross-barred aud striped do
2 do sutperfine Irish Linens
1 do 4-4 low priced do
1 do hIrish Diapers
1 bale Russia Diapers
1 case furniture Dimity
1 do 'super do
1 do best quality long Clothe
1 do striped Muslins, for curtains
1 do Canton Crapes
1 do Nank.en do
I do new style Domestics, for servants
F;le miil .'Muislins
Fine figured and plain book and leno Muslins
1 hale cheap Drillings
1 case u:ib!eached Irish Sheetings
2 bales best quality Itussan Sheetings
Best quality Spittaifield Handkerchiefs
Fine Imen cambric do
Linen Cambric of the finest quality
L.ong and iuiase fashsinaole silk net Shawls
1 case superfine jaconet Camiibrics
70,000 b.,ils Holt's Se, ihig Cottons
1 case spool flogss Cottons
La(ies' super silk Hose
1 case men's ladies', and misses fine cotton dta
Linen and cotton Bedticking, cotton Cassimeres
V gonma Cottons
Superfine blhck Hombnzeens
1 I-ale twilled and plain Hoitbazettes
All of the above goods I will sell to families by the
piece o, retails low as they can be had in any marKet
in t'.c United States Puurchasers will do w'eil b) calling
at my store, 4 doors sbove the Union Tavern, tosI I. IDARIUS GLAGIt''T.
I skall open on Tuesday,
I case superfi,'e hdites' Leghorn F;ats
I do misses' Leghorn Bonnets
1 do. men's do
"ho.m articles will be so d y the dozen or single, and
,,wu h ii r thain tih .I n be ptucchanxid in this lhisitici,
(i; tgEtown, april 15 t"t )D. C.