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WASHINGTON3 SATUIIDM, -NOVEMBER j13 2 .
AMRIA TO LET, '_
PUBLISHED BY GALES & SEATON, The following article expresses a sentiment
RKREE TIMES A WEEK DURING TE sIssIoN OF toIt5" wiich has been often on our lips, and which we
P.re n T have not uttered, only because we doubtour own
trice, for a year,--six cnlars p aein advance. .- " .. -
rr, six months, for dollar ~ a impressions when we find them opposed to the
i *I, I. .G r- .'N ho(do 0not, eiillon- at the time of ,
." ; ly, gi've notice of their uish uversal opinion. The public opinion, we had
,,, i .1...........i at the expiration ..' il, ryar, r supposed, not only excused but approved what
,,1,r. l .i*.l ";ni6l :'I ,. accordinglye tr ,tr, we should call the vindictiveness of the benchh,
a ----- .A--- -" .--- --' ,--
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 16.
The Daily Mails--The following are extract-
ed from papers received at this office yesterday
NSEW YORK, NOV. 1-
The papers reccised this morning firnl B.hi-
monre and the South, were thoroughly dienclhed
vith rain, and of course so worn and tom,: af to
render them neatly u-eless. A good part of the
Southern mail yesterday morning arrived in the
same situation. .
BALTIMORE, NOV. 14
The Charleston Courier of the 3d and 5th inst,
appears to have had considerable swimming to
do in its passage to this city ; they were so wet
au- i nutiiataetiat iwe could make but little use
ofthem, and the thinppinz news entirely swept
away. All of hrcln is -t.-pecfully submniiud to
the Postmaster General -
Post-Office, Charleston, S. C.
,vveniber 5, 1821.
Our Northern mail came to us this oirninc
so cc.i, pletcly soaked that the papers. are alt en-,
tirely dtestinyd ; you will therefore receive nt i-e.
Thepackages of letters we have beer, coni el i.
to open and dry as well as the short tline (btc-
tween the arrival of one mail and the depai tui u'
of the ihtr-) v. ouhil adnilt.
In haste, yours,.
THo. W. BACOT.
P. S. The fault seems to be some where be-
complaint, when it is so general. The Postmast-
er-General has endeavored to prevent this evil,
wt i hout effect. There is no way of preventing it,
we venture to s'g Reint, short of absolutely inter-
dic' ir, aiid prr-hitillxin the use of the round-top-
ped and round-bottomed post coaches, within
which it is impossible to transport the great mail
if:,r,v pinc'rers at all be carried. In the good
ld. 'ashiond d longsided stages, the mail was very
...i.'\ ,. it, ift' hady of tlic itacs. Under
lme prcsc'.- ; s=te-m of post-coaches, i.t, ni ... I
partly because they were of English fashion, but
partly to accommodate travellers, the mail can
only be carried before or behind the stage : in-
deed, its bulk is sometimes so swelled by packa-
ges of books, &c. from the public offices, that
the stage is often loaded both before and behind
as heavily as it will bear. The covering attempt-
ed to be put over these bags is not sufficient to
protect them from rain ;-nor do we see how they
can be guarded from the weather, otherwise than
by carrying them in the body of a coach or stage,
as the terms of he contract.require. The literal
compliance with the contract will have to be ex.
acted. If that does not cure the evil, there is
surely genius enough in this inventive nation to
devise some kind of a vehicle that will.
We have noted the intention of some citizens
of New Orleans to pay funeral honors to the me.
mory of Napoleon Bonaparte. We yesterday
received L'ami des Lois'.' of October 18 ; from
which itappears that a numerous meeting was
held on the 16th ult. at New Orleans, at which
Mr. Destrehan presided, and that a committee of,
arrangement was appointed for this occasion,
composed of Messrs. E. Livingston, Grymes,
Moreau Lislet, Mazureau, Canonge, and Tra.
buc. Several resolutions were adopted-one
instructing the committee to give three weeks
notice of the day fixed for, this commemoration ;
another instituting a subscription to defray the
expense; and another authorizing the committee
,to designate tw6 persons, to be charged with the
duty of mailing the funeral oration in honor of
Napoleon. When the meeting was dissolved a
subscription was opened to receive the names of
those present, for the above described purpose,
and in a few minutes about one thousand dol-
lars were subscribed. This looks as though
the good people of New Orleans were in earnest,
Hard Times.-The following may serve to
shew how hard the times are at Philadelphia :
"i The sale of the pews in the First Presbyte.
rian Meeting House, in Washington Square
which took place yesterday, (Nov. 11,) was nu
merously attended, and most of them brought
from five to eight hundred dollars each."
BALTIMORE, NOV,. 14.
Flour!-A little rise has taken-place in this ar
ticle since our last. Sales were inade yesterday'
at 6 00 per barrel, and 60 days credit. Re
Wheat may be quoted at 81 25 a 1 27 per bush
e!, and little in the market.-Fed. Rep,
of the editors.
-t m=n n-TT
We understand that the mail contractors be- The fashions at Paris," say the Journals,
i. ce;; Philadelphia and Baltimore are endeavor- become Constitutional. Our gentlemen wear
ing to ascertain the author of the unfounded story boots aa la psilanti-hats a la Riego have sur-
concerning a tran shot the other evening, in an ceeded to the Bolivars-pantaloons a la quir-oga,
attempt tostop the mail near Elkton. If it should begin to appear. Our ladies have taken general
be ascertained that he is a person in their service, Pepe under their protection, and no one is ia-
LIe .wi'l be dismissed.--Frank; Gaz. "shionable who has not a shawl a la Pepe."
!. .... TO LET,
TO TH.E EDfRs, SOUTHAMERICA. Till: fubhcrberwill rent his Housd on the Ca-
--' i ... ..v i" iO 13* ;J LL pitol ill, frontin. ihe l-'t pit. I.Square, opposite
Gentlemen -Ha' ing observed that you some- NEW-YOi RKt h IDr.E '" eli's storeat present occupied by IomasSpratt,
ties g ati y reader I a rtai class Ithe It is now generally believed that the whole as :oe, n.o Hat store.
ies graiy i tr,'n aveenwith a large lot at-
publication of mathematicabue-tions, and their coast of South Amerka on the Pacific Ocea l has Thedhr-i n is room ,c a tvenient for busine ot any
solutions, I am induced to prpoae, for the iamse- become ird-penleunt of Spairiand that a fr c trade, description is any ..ni the Capitol H111., riiicnlarl) fir a
rent of your ingenious coreaporndenti, the fol- hitherto interdicted by the policy of that govern- porter cclhr. Poustrion c..n be hald 1 -i or .i j,.,a.
blowing ment, will be speedily, if it is not a:lieadcr, operred nom 15--t .A11. I IIAV.
Suppose a puo i nc dbt f 88,62 ,5w16 dollars with all nation. T]he terms on ahlich that !r.a,, L.ale Fahiia fromil Etrope.
36 cents and -1 mills, beamng intere .-, payable can be carried on with Chile are well known iThe 1. Lr,('ANT T vleaver'4ats, of theitea faltion, madein
annually, at the rate of 5 pelcentum pel annum : following are the regulations adopted by the ide- Ytrkc ahin be hal next dodr east of Brown's Hotel.New.
what amount ol sinking fud, applied annually, pendent government of Guyaquil, which went in- Gr-ntlemeti living, at a d;sance, ar.dli.'teririg to spcnd
will extinguish the debt in 2 yea s cxdctlyI to effect on the first day of May, 1821; .and we.; h it n Walngton, rrtil find it t their ad'aratea
tor r" defer bu% ir-g trtiil the, arrive. toothir,,- it more in-
lt is intended y the proper of thi question tpe soor to be able to publish those established jutinrmo to hats than, iraellig-, and leie they c.n be s, .
otrb.he nder od- that alo t t e, oifn e [y r, 'ii- i --u r .r 'u__.r -u i.*. L.* *--.L- --- _- .1. acto _.
with which the sentence of the law, even where,
itself overpowering and tupif) ing.to ivs victili'.
often accomrpanicd. The flowers of rlmetolic em-
ployed on such an occasion have appealc.-I to us
as misplaced as the dress of a dandy on a Divine,
or the air. of a petit-maitre in a Statesman. In
many 'instances, we have -no doubt, these ad-
dresses are delivered from a sense of imperious
duty; and we dare say such was the case parti-
cularly referred to below. Lawyers are, we
know, protcil.ially itlacled to precedent ; but, to
u. at ltcalt, it Sclcms doubltflt, t, sv. no mr'- e ol
it, whether this custom of ag eraviiing the hor-
v'ors of ignominous death, i) reflierl torturI, be
not a custom more honored itr the Lie.ach than
in the observance."*
Juicial Eloquence.-A mannatned Martin,
has been condemned to death in Maj. iaIus.:rl'
for highway robbery, and an eloquent sentence
has been pronounced by the Chief Justice, and
published in the papers of that state.:
.We think this wrong, because Judges are not
expect ; d to be eloquent, and cannot be so i a
criminal case, unless they wander from their
-..arh. A Judge, in passing sentenced performs a
duty which the law imposes on him--and has no
.-',I,,. do any more. There is no law that al-
lows a Judge to heap abuse upon a criminal who
Ihas incurred, and in this world is liable only to,
the penalties of the law. It is a cruel ce,-ibi'i.-,'
of 1l0cnitc to deliver to a poor wretch steeped in
agony to his very lips, a formal, cold-blooded,
rhetorical rebuke for what he has been, and fore,
boding of what he will he-written at perfect leis-
ure by a Judge in his study, entirely happy in all
that concerns him.
No man attends the sessions on sentence day
to 'learn the sentiments of the Judge, or to ascer-
tain his skill in the pathetic. The solemn sen-
tence of the law arrests his mind, impresses his
heart, and warns him to be virtuous. What would
be thought of the executioner, who, being requir-
ed to decapitate a criminal, should employ half
an hour in his presence in polishing the axe ?"
Previous. to the final adjournment of the New-
York Convention, on S *-,tij lay 1.I-' Mr. N. San-
Ford offered the'following resolution:
?" Ieso..ed--, Tht .the h.1.'-i s of this Convention be
given to the Hon. )DanIE II. TOMF iKiS, the President
thereof, for his able, tfaithfiul,and impartial discharge of
the duties of that station during the session of this Con-
The question was then put by the Secretary,
and carried unanimously.
The President then rose, and addressed the
Convention as follows:
GENTLEIMEs : I am penetrated with a due sense, not
only of the honor conferred by your selection of me to
preside in this highly respectable body, but also of your
kindness and regard manifested by the unanimous reso-
lution which you have been pleased to adopt at the
close of the solemn duties which- the people have com-
mitted to us.
It is my sincere hope that the approbation of this
community may crown the result of oar consultations,
and that it may accomplish the momentous objects for
which we have been assembled, and redound 1.1, th li-
berty, tranquillity, and permanent, welfare, of our consti-
tuents, and of posterity.
Whilst I tender to you an affectionate adieu, indulge
me, gentlemen,. in a fervent expression of my acknow-
ledgments, for your uniform support and approbation,
and of my best wishes for your respective happiness and
A Cambridge (Eng.) paper mentions that a
boy about four years old, named Charles Raw-
son, son of a sailor, had the misfortune to fall
into a pit belonging to Peacock Inn, Boemt.-
He is supposed to have been in the water about
a quarter df an hour, during which time it is said
that his head was entirely immersed, but not his
whole body. After he was removed, three quar.
ters of an hour el; psed before any medical assist-
ance could be obtained. At length Dr. Crane
was found, but was not able to discover any signs
of life, except some degree of warmth, which he
thought. indicated a probability that animation
f might be restored. With that view, the Doctor
ordered the child to be placed in a warm bed ;
and until that could be provided, he attempted tc
renew respiration by an artificial method of inflat-
ing the lungs, aided by friction of the extremi.
ties and upon the region of the hear.t. In a short
time an obscure motion of that organ was though
to be evident to the touch ; this was soon follow
ed by pulsation of the wrists. The boy.was their
put into bed, and, upon a gentle stimulus being
given him, he n a few minutes opened his eyes
and, with a loud shriek, shed a copious flow o
-tears, and was restored to his anxious mother
who was-present during the whole of the agoniz
BRIDGETON, N. JERSEY, NOV. 12.
The editors of this paper have in their posses
sions a mangel wortzel beet, the weight of whicki
when raised from the ground, was 11 1-2 lbs
The gentleman who raised it, (Mr Sheppard, c
Y Greenwich,) raised others, several pounds he:
d vier than this. This gentleman raised 400 bust
els on one half acre of ground, most of the beet
of which averaged from.6 to 8 lbs.-Whig.
bushels of flat turnips on one acre of land. LA PLATA.
The whole of the north side of the river La
The Salem Gazette gives a list of twenty-four, Plata, from the Atlantic to the Uruguay, includ-
children who have died in Marblehead, within a ing the ports of Maldonado, Monte Video, and
month past, of the Measles. Three families have Colonia del Sacramento, (opposite Buenos Ay-
lost two children each. res,) has been annexed to the crown of Portugal,
under the title of the Cisplatine State. As yet,
LATE OCCURRENCES IN ENGLAND. its regulations and internal government remain
Lately, at a sale of pictures in Manchester, the same as formerly.-Alerc. JAdv.
England, one was put up at 10s. which, the auc-
tioneer stated, he had purchased himself a few .Sickness in Berks County, Penn.-The Berks
years ago for four guineas, and afterwards sold Journal states that 72 adults, chiefly heads of I
for nine, and that the person who had it of him families, and 117 children, in the townships of
subsequently disposed of it for one hundred and Union, Exeter, Robeson and Cuniru, labor under
twenty guineas. At the sale in Manchester, it was the prevailing fever, many of them dangerously
knocked down for tienty-two shillings. Such ill, and many in a state of indigence and misery."
are the fluctuations of value, to which fancy or A meeting was held in Reading, a committee of
ignorance alternately subject the productions of which ascertained these facts. Relief is extend-
art. ing by employing nurses, &c. &c. The ladies of
A man of the name of Stevens, a respectable Reading in twelve hours cut out and made up 72
inhabitant of Limfield, 91 years of age, lately as- garments for the indigent sick."
sisted his grandson in ploughing a field. ---- -11 s
A private in the 77th regiment, recently un- There is an Indian proverb which, as well as
dertook, for a trifling wager, to leap over a gully we remember, runs thus-c" Never shout till you
near Sunderland, 25 feet 8 inches across, and have got clear of the woods." The Spanish of-
20 feet deep, and won. ficers lately ordered away from Pensacola'by the
A pedestrian at Wrexham had completed the proclamation of General Jackson, have im-7
taskof walking 610 miles in 10 days, (Sunday proved this salutary hint to the best advantage,
excepted,) without appearing the least distressed. by takin good care to place themselves in com-
He lost only 12 lbs. in weight during this re- plete safety before they ventured to fulminate
a ft weit rg their splenetic and puerile animadversions.
A managed Wender, a letter carrier in the There is nothing in history, we believe, that bears
A man named Wender, a letter carrier in the any resemblance to the case of these mighty
county of Essex, had walked 52, is 78 years000 miles the men of war ; but the pages of poetry supply a
last 7 years, although Ire is 78years of age. He precedent in the retreat of the wordy Ulysses from
continues to walk 24 miles a day, six days in the Islandof the Cyclops, when having embarked
every week.-.N'ational Advocate. with his followers, and pushed off a respectable dis-
tance from the shore, he assails the giant Poly
NOTICE. pheme with taunts and empty bravado.
I HERBY give notice that there was committed to the L. .orfolk Herald.
Jail of this county, on the 13th instant, as a runaway,
a negro man who calls himself Thomas Pumphrey, aged NOTICE.
about 21 years, five feet six inches high, yellow complex- rWHIS is to give notice, that the subscriber hath ob-
ion, has a small soar in his forehead, and one over his left tained from the Orphans' Court of Charles County,
eye, and several small scars on his hands, a barber by in Maryland, letters of administration on the personal es-
profession, and says le served his apprenticeship with a tate of Jonathan Moran, late of said county, deceased.
Mr. Daniel Riar, or Kiar, of Baltimore, and says he is All persons having claims against said deceased are
free. If a slave, the owner is requested to come forward hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouchers
without delay, prove him, pay charges, and relieve him thereof, to the subscriber, in Port Tobacco, on or before
from Jail, otherwise he will be released agreeably to the tenth day of May next i they may otherwise, by law,
law. be excluded from all benefit of said estate.
W. W. BEALL, Junr. (ivci undcr miv hand this 10th day of Novmber,1821.
Sheriff Frederick county, Md. .. IAVNBI, admr'r,
uct iwH OoV 1E %, dm'r
pi ei'( with tha necessary article, madeu in ithe best fRacto
ries in, the United S'ates.
Superb Chapeous Je bra,, Cockades, Eagles, &c.
S. W. HANDY & Co.
nov 16-dtf Military and Fancy Hatters,
SL GAI. TEA, &c.
I-IE sibbcrbers have j',t received from New-York.,
jerA rplr vp r, niar ls an lJ.T I s..
i i30L hd prrfie Ne'.,-Orleais Sugirs
'0 io -crond do .
15 tIl, rrir.e. MIsiovo In do
-'. -ih 'Ti. yurijn 1 sh fl i'v:., "
'5 ialf q i.rer clChes i:. Cil'ial do"
25 do gunpowder do
2 hhds old .lamsic plrita
5 do %v-.t l.,,i do .
1 pipe old Cognac Brandy
i,,zrcr c -'t L. P. Teneriffe Wine
I' .]., Malaga do
5 quarter Marcella do
600 bushels Potatoes .
Raisins and Almon.li
500 boxes Raisins expected daily per Independ.
ence from Philadelphia.
R. KIRBY & Co.
Georgetown, nov 16--6td -
S TtUSTEE'S SALE OF IAND.
SWILL expose, at public m.le ',. t higit,it hi.idei,
on MN1,mn.. 'the- 2; h of December nest, i1 F-lImr's
I', .rn., i',..-;.a*,'ay, P rnee Gcorgc'o (".intvy 1d ..ne
irl %id. l dbi'd r-an of a trick -f land, cile, In lep'n-
*enc, i'lire n <(,fl. 1. Peall niw ruAides. i hlis
isni Im6s partly in Prince f.eorge'a an I partly in Ch ries
courity; is about three miles from navigable water, and
immediately ipon M..timavoman Sumnrrp. The. re reahuut
900 acresin tr.,- hole trat-, of ,..lich one third di!l be
snld. It is c'Or,.,dereI, .oth ill', r h i r' 1to improve-
ments and fertility of soil, one of the best arms on this
Swamp, remarkable for its fine bottom lands.
The terms ofsale are:, 1000 dollars cash; the balance
in two equal :,null Pn', mern, barins nI.'ereat rrom ihe
dlay of sale, th- p'ir.-hv:er itaingn b.rnd-, \.nth tuo ap-
proved seuAmite. .ter thevtholeotthe purchase moe.
:iey is paid, a deed i tfee s'mple, convesinig all 'lit right
and estate of the i.,l V W. DI. Beall, te'pond. r', a id
Richard Veitch and Reuben Johnspn,, complair.an,, *-ill
be made b' I.- T"-.',tee, ic.-,rdti, I.t ihe trnr -A tie
decree i,. l,olld the rlurcb*-r fail to co.hir.i, wilh
'the terr, of s'-,l., in two i'i there.ter thlie properly
will be sold at his risque.
: F; D. STONE.
Port Tol.acro, ro, o' l-w .
TWENTY-FIVE DOLLARS REWARD.
AN. away from the _-i..-,,b, r on the 14th inst. a
irtroman, by the b an., oft IILLY., te-hasa iv-n
hImself h.~ name ofWilliain Hodge, by which name he
is generally Iknwn. The said man is about 6 feet high,
black complexion, and about 28 years of age. Had on
when he ran away a blue broad cloth coat, and a pair of
mixed pantaloons Healso took with him a gray round.
about, and a fitr ha' half worn. It is sflpposed he has
made way to Washinigton city, where I purchased him a
few days past of Judge Joseph Apderson. I will give
the above reward if taken and lodged in jail, so I get him
again. JOHN D. MOSS.
Alexandria, nov 16-eotf
the whole. interest then actcuirnr on the amount
of principal unpaid is to b- di-charge.-l, and as,
much principal as the balhin(e of ithe sinking lund
will pay, at par.
A solution is requested, such is wiill give a
rule by which common c-l ulators may, viih
certainty and pncciilon, derii, i the anvwrr direct-
ly form the dia., for any gven amir.-u.t rit hli.
any given raTie of inereit,and rny given pciiol
of time for 6!e extimiginiklment of the dtbt :
k CO'ilON CAL.CIUL.I'OR.I
Richmond, Va. 11mo, 13.
The Romans have beeti reproached with in-
justice to Coriolanus; aut lie was justly con-
demned. He set too grmat a price upon his own
valor, and aiiotate]d io himself power in Rome,
which would not be submitted to in Corioli. His
violence and his pride outweighed his merits; he
would submit to no law, and was, therefore, just.
Half witted men cast upon religion the vices of
individual men, actuated by their wicked passions,
acting contrary to reason and rcliroi'. The two
sisters, Alary and El;fl lth, l,.": men to death
for reliLiou-. :pimiotn; tl.,) held opposite tenets;
but it was not religion, but power that prets- eilei
with them; who cat iC,1ro.ich! the reformation
with the crimes of 1lcitry V i ? The same re--
marks extend to Catharine of Medicis-and the
fires of thke .inquisition; all these abominations
are not religion-but they are the crimes of the
human passions under a religious mask.-Dillon.
WESTCHESTER, (PA.) OCT. 2.
The worm that dieth not ; and the fire that is not
A most wonderful confession, by a dying man,
has lately been made, explaining things that have
long been hidden in mystery ; and unfolding a
scene of horror which makes the eyes blood-shot
to look upon.
A few years ago a barn was burnt, and all at-
ILc.,p)I to discover the c'.rhfi,..j,i i' proved inef-
lectual. The dying man, rekrired to, tortured
by the pangs of conscience, to which those of
death, were sensations of pleasure, had the hor-
rid secret wrung from his soul. He confessed
that he had robbed and murdered a man, and
placing the corpse in the barn, had set it on fire
to conceal his crime. He had an accomplice ;
that accomplice is still living, and justice, though
slow of foot, will surely overtake him.
Such is a part of the story related to us in a way
to command our belief. Further particulars
shall be given soon. In the mean time let him
that meditates evil know, that God, is the aveng-
er of crimes, and murder never escapes punish-
.6griculture.-The Albany county society have
awarded their premiums to Rensselaer Van Rens-
selaer, for raising six hundred and forty bushels
of ruta baga on one acre of land ; and to Gilbert
Ward for raising six hundred and thirty-five
by the patriotic v-,inment of Peru.
Every foreign vessel bound to this port must
remain in the Bay of Punta de Piedras- until per-
mission is given to enter. The consignee must
bea resident merch-mi of the place-, cnm oled with
consent i.f the Comn.ercicl Tribunal ; a niiilfest
,if'the cargo mnsi be deli-etied r, the c-Ilec tor of
the portal withinn IS hours after aiti' -1 and il'nohec'
goods ithn those specified in tIe nmariftet are
found on board', hnt sh-all be confi-cncd. If ethe
value of these goods, so cor. i-c.icd, does not ex-
ceed five hundred dollars, a penalty equal to the
value of the goods will be exacted in alilition to
their loss. If over the value of five hundred dol-
lars, the penalty shall be double the value there-
of; and if four thousand dollars, besides paying
double the amount, the vessel shall also be con-
No foreigner cnr eitabl.ih himself as a mer-
chant in this Province, nor can any c'nsignee of,
foreign vessels se-Il by retail. -
All goods imported in foreign vessels shall pay
a duty of thirty per cent. upon a valuation, to be
established every three months and published,
with the following exceptions :
Six per cent. shall be -.l1du-lt, d from the valua-
tion previously to calril iig the duty upon ei.uis
directly consigned to resident merchants.
Fifty per cent. shall be deducted from the valu-
ation of iron, and the duty calculated upon half its
Implements of husbandry, books, machinery
of all kinds for manufactories, printing presses,
music books and musical instruments, shall be
free of all duty.
All articles imported for the use of hospitals
and religious communities, or to be used in di-
vine worship, shall be free of duty.
Articles destined particularly for the construic-
tion of vessels, to be built by the importer of the
articles, shall be free of duty.
Provisions generally shall pay a duty of 15 ner
cent. on half their valuation. Brandy 8 dollars
per jar, and wine 2 dollars per jar specific duty.
Gold and silver, c,-in-id or uncoined, free-if ma-
nufactured, 6 per cent. The produce and ma-
nufactures of any part of South America in pos-
session of the -Patritis s!lall r1 v 15 per cent. on
the valuation as aforesaid, except cocoa, tobacco
in the leaf and manufactured, and tallow, which
articles are prohibited.
The introduction of slaves is absolutely prohi-
The duty of exportation upon cocoa shall be
81 50 upon every 81 lbs. if in foreign vessels : in
national vessels, half that duty. All other articles
of produce or manufacture 8 per cent., except
gold and gold jewelry, 3 per cent.; silver, 6 per
cent.; salt, 2 dollars per fanega, (two and a half
On sales of national vessels there will be a du-
ty of 3 per cent.; on sales of foreign vessels 6 per
No goods will be allowed to be landed or ship-
ped at any other part of the coast of this province.
THE DRAWING AT HAND.
The ?.8th of thi, month
NEW-YORK LITERATURE LOTTERY,
Will commence drawing. Prizes guaranteed by the
30,000 Dollars Highest Prize!
1 30,000 DO.,LARS.
2 10,000 DOLLARS.
3 5,000 DOLL./ARS.
4 2,500 DOLLARS.
40 1,000 DOLLAR1S.
so 5oo DOLLARS.
100 100 DOLLARS.
152 5o DOLLARS.
and 770G prizes af 712. Blanks and prizes to be drawn.
Whole tickets $13 00 Qoarters 3 25
Halves 6 50 Eighths 1 62.
but will advance to 14 in a few days.
Tickets and shares, in a variety of numbers, for sale at
Lucky Lottery Office,
Pennsylvania avenue, Washington city.
Where the cash will be advanced for prizes on de,
Orders by mail, or otherwise, enclosing the cash or
prize tickets, will meet with prompt attention,, it adt
dressed to S. & M. ALLEN,
nov 16- AH Washington city.
I- rY DOLLARS REWARD
W ILL be given for bringing to me, near Loretto
Post Ofiee, Essex county, Va. or lodging him in
iail, so that I receive him there, a negro man, named
HANDY. He is about 25 or 26 years of age, 5 feet 6 or
7 inches high, his face rather round, and a remarkable
sear on his forehead, beginning in a point over the left
eyebrow andrising higher and growing broader to the
end over the right eye-brow. He has a wife, at Mr.
Newton's, in the lower end of Westmoreland county,
near which (at Mount Pleasant) he lived in 1819 and
1820, and had another among the free people in that
neighborhood, where he is thought to be. He has a fa-
ther at William Davis's, near Gloucester Court House,
and a brother in the city of Richmond. He no doubt in-
tends to make his escape altogether where he may be
free. I will give the above reward for apprehending
and lodging in jail, so that I get him without the state,
840 in the state, and 50 if taken in the state and brought
There is reason to b' lieve he crossed Hooe's Ferry on
his way to the city, at Easter.
Guardian of John M. and Wmin. A. Baynham.
A LL persons having claims against the estate of Wm.
Knight, late of Prince George's County, deceased,
are hereby notified to exhibit the same, to the subscri-
ber, duly authenticated, on or before the 1st of January
next; and all persons indebted to said estate twill please
to pay the amount to the subscriber, who is duly author.
ised to receive the same,
oot 27-w6w JOHN OILVER, adm'r0
rnoMa nALnWIN'S LoNnoN MASAzrtl. Come ye that love he Lord, and let your joys be
COMMUNICATION. A NEW HYMN BOOK. Join in a song with sieet accord, while ye surround
TO THE EDITORS It is, doubtless, pretty we known to the ost The sorrow of the rind be banish'd from this place; i
TO TIE ETS. of our readers, (For old stores travel fast,) that a religion never waas csign'd to make our pleasure less.,
Gentlemen: in your paper of Saturday, celebrated Dissenter of the present day laid holy We give the following verse, quite sure that r
f'i;:i-'." furnishes a statement of a number of and violent hands on sundry favorite jigs and our readers wil re!'it in the air, ~nd all the ori- g
manufactured articles, exported from this coun- country dances, and putting decorous verses to ginal language; s.:,.clioselv, in fact, is it a parody v
try, .n m.tinr.g 52,048,502, in one year, and them, and sobering down the time to a chapel of Moore:- t
thence infers that our manufacturing establish- like placidity, set them before his congregation Go where mercyvaits thee, i
ments are generally prosperous,'and cannot re- and his .r'ganist, declaring that it was a pity But, while hope'saes thee, a
quire any further protection. Prunella and stuff the devil should have all the best tunes I" Thus Oh, still submisive be t
shoes, 'however, he admits, require a higher the yourt5 anid devout milliner, who flaunted a- Dangers may o'etake thee, s
duty. bout in flowers during the week, and whose ears God will ne'er 1-.ke thee, n
It would be delightful if his deductions were %ere occasionally flattered, yet shocked, with The tiumbly s, s kntthee, P
correct. We shsouid behold a far different order faint sounds of the White Cockade, and Money. Dearest friends nilect thee, P
of things from what at present prevails through lMusk, and Goto the Devil and shake yourself, But God will stillprotect thee, t
the nation. But, alas! lie is wofully mistaken, as she carried the band box along by the side of Then most grateful be! n
The C;itizen" supposes when we export an the palings of Vauxhall gardens, was rewarded Whilenk illvoicehiS reess s
article, and continue to export it for years, that for her resolute and decorous resistance of the What he has die for thee. c
such an article requires no further protection tunes, by hearing them float about her on Sunday The very Oh inthe third line is retained, a
from Tsovernment." evenings with a propriety that sank her into a that the sigh may n be lost to which the rusic
This is not a very logical mode ot reasoning. justifiable tenderness. While the eye was turn- gives so tender an eclo.
A man may manufacture an article for years," ed up to the brazen branches of the chandelier, t ea tr ee wds with the une
and ftid the market so, glutted by rival ar- and the hands were crossed upon the tippet, the lwt th r t ,he w n'd i l hw th une
ticles.i fim abroad, that he cannot sell balf what feet might be trying little pardonable steps under of way wit .1 !-aoly and sec how they
he produces-he, may export the surplus to the the shade of the hassock, and the heart dance a go Time! thy moment steal away l
West Indies or South .America, and take his devout minuet with the heart of young Mr. Jones First the hour and ten the day; t
chance for a market there. But this would not in the next pew for a partner. Old ladies, maiden Small the daily lot pears, (
afford proof that he wanted no further protection, they may be, are by this new light of music re- Yet it soon amountsto years.
In truth, the exportation would, in this case, be minded of the vanities and, revelries of their Thus another year flown,
rather a proof to the contrary. t'outh, and are blessed with the opportunities of If it brought or i-,,r. carol, o
But, may we not fairly infer that, where we connecting the old airs with the profound organ, Than the year ...i.', ir.g htr. l
have a boundless supply of a raw material, citi- and of dismissing for ever the volatile rhapsodies We have thie JIermaid's sotzg, filled with
zenmi possessed of capital and talent to manufac- of the dancing mastei"r's kit. Music, so chasten- trumpets and joy,anid grace, which becomes it as
ture it beyond our utmost wants, and ample re- ed, becomes a Magdalen, and repents of its er- properly as Barry's introduction of Dr. Burney
sources of watur power and machinery-that our rors. Its beauty is deemed pardonable, being floating down the Thames among the water Gods,
markets are, nevertheless,. filled with rival arti- thus controlled by a staid dress, and tamed to an in his wig. The Hungtrian waltz, and the Miss
cles-and that we never exported to the amount orderly tenderness. Country dances become the Dennetts' waltz, are also given. But enough of
of a dollar's worth of our own goods of this de- elect. The graceless Paddy Carey walks forth this wretched ar.d irreverent work.
scription-in this case may we not, I say, fairly like the old gentleman in thle Antient Marinere, We cannot conclude without seriously and
infer that there is a most lamentable want of pro- i a wiser and a better man." The Dusty Miller, earnestly protesting against the attempt which
tecCion? whines like Mawworm ; and Voulez vous danser, writers of late have minadeto introduce voluptuous
A Citizen" has confined his lucubrations to dropsits erring request, and goes off with" a dy- songs under the garb of religion. Moore atnd
the years 1817, 18, and 19.. Now, in these three ing, dying fall." Lord Byron have alike bsen guilty of this ; and it
years, we exported of cotton wool, as follows : Is it absolutely necessary, in this strange age is, perhaps, owing to then,that we have the pro-
Pounds. Value. of reform and refinement, that the solemnity and fessed hymn book now before us. The, Sabbath
Upland, 77,57,448 19,386,862 epth of the rich old church music should be hath been ever a day of rest ; let not its quiet
1818-Sea Island, 6,457,335 3,809,828 changed for the light and frivolous airs which are now be disturbed by these deceitful and seductive
Upland, 86,013,843 27,524,430 associated only in our minds with dance and infringements. The hypocrisy of this invention
---rt U--Sea'tsland, 7,488,775 3,369,949 song, and sun burnt mirth ?" mWill not these is its main sin, and it is to this we direct our nio.t
Upland, 80,5U8,270 17',71.1,820 grave and awful hymns, which made our fathers serious oppositi.,.. If hymns are played andt
Total lbs. 266,117,551 875,043,641 virtuous, and lifted the souls of men to the skies, sung upon the 1, h.ii.a let hymns be played and
Notwithstanding tis enormous exportation ofstrike sacredly on-living ears, and lead the hearts sin,, ...ii th,ru doubtful songs whici, divide the
Note raw iatetial, we dd not, expaccor trading to that now beat to holy and serious joy ? Indeed, heart between e,, n ail earth-which appeal to
Secretary's reports, during these three years, ex- we suspect the most fatal reverse of what is good the senses in a holy disguise, and set up sainted
S ersrport siuryarocottnenyiausaux-smust follow this marriage of the chapel and the vice as a divinity.
port oes, yard of cotton manuactclureas. ball room. It is not possible to conceive that icaadiinty
It is, however, very true, that the manufacture an m ca e passionless quiet which
fgiany mind cali retain that passionless quiet which"
of coarse cotton gpds as greatly increased ith-ous is the sol of devotion, when the disordered spi- VIRTUE IN A MONARCH.
in a :, c .. is now in a prosperous situ- of the dance passes with new allurements over
action, so as to be out of danger of foreign rival-t of the dance passesA TE REH PAPER.
ship. The reason is a very powerful one. It is it. A
ship.We have been led to make these few observa- Among the books which have appeared this
protected by duties equivalent to a prohibition, year at Leipsic, is a collection of letters, never
varying, according to thep.e, from 30 to 100 The beauties ofandel, Mozart, Pleyel, Havdn. before printed, of the Emperor Joseph I. which
percent., The rule .is weli known. All cotton Beethoven, and others, adapted to the words of a Frenchman is engaged in translating. Sever-
gods iioiced blow 25 cents per square yard,popular psalms ad hymns. We cannot but re- al of these letters are distinguished for their sub-
aregad thtied as i theyis work as more outrageous in its inten- lime thought, toleration, and philosophy. We
.at 6, 9.,12,,15, 18, or 20 ceis ts, pay 6e cents duty, tion, and more dangerous in its effects, than that will quote one of them, in order to enable our
being, i repeat, from 30 toy 100 per cenw Thisprightly introduction or pleasure into the Dis- readers to appreciate the merit of the work.
duty was imposed merely with a view oi making enter's organ loft, of which we have been co- Letter of the Eperor Joseph ILtoa Lady
a nisarket for* a qI, V1 1 s I', of raw cotton, the senter's organ loft, of which we have been cons- Letter ofthe Dspeoi' J~ieph I.,t e L ady.
'a market i r a o lft i.,. a i. o raw cotton, -thie plaitingg. The book is evidently planned for a I by no rmealis see, Madam, that a monarch is under
ect..l,,a..n of the .reveu ;, the, ndutmaterially at- Sundaypiano. The serious family need no lon- the obligations of confiding a charge to one of his sub-
fectin-the revenue; r the usuadutyonthese ge start u in horror at the twinkle of a harpsi- jects, merely because he has been born a nobleman.
low priced articles brought but little money into cord key, for those tunes which, on the Saturday, Your petition does ot contain any olher title in behalf
the treasury clothed words of gay passion and laughing plea- of your son. You state, that as your husband was a gen-
But, unfoittisately 'for the enemies of protect- sure, are other guess sort of creatures" on the eral, and a gentleman of a great family, you expect to
ing duties, this cese, which they have trumpeted Sunday,. and become infused with a holy rapture. obtain every thing from mny kindness ; nay, even a com-
forth from Dan to Beersheba, recoils on themn- Wereally look upon this work as the opera of pany for your second son, who is just returned from his
selves most grievously. Here is what has been, the devout, the play for the insincerely pious, travels.
in defiance of all the lexicography of ou' hatigtLag Will the reader believe that all, or nearly all, the "Madam, one may be the son of a general, without
erroneously styie(; a "monopoly," which has fail- joyous airs of Don Giovanni, are thus converted? possessing the least military skill ; one may be the de-
ed to verify any one of the predictions hazarded But it is not alone to this singular adaptation of scendant of illustrious ancestors, without any other mer-
e-d, i. ahe unIcomaton exceiece o the music we so much object ; we must also pro- it, than his having- been born a nobleman by mere
goods, ti e reasonable rates at witch they are s eld, est against the artful arrangement of some of chance.
and e beniheits now felt so generally, from the the words, to suit the acknowledged tenderness t know your son, and am not ignorant of the quali.
prosiaerity of this branch, not merely by the cot- of the air, by which the mind is thrown into a ties requisite for a soldier. In him I do not find the pe-
ton planters and manufacturers, but by the comrn- doubt, whether it is listening to what is human or collar characteristics of a warrior. Hlie is too vain of his
munity at large, ouot to convince tbhe citizens of divine. In one page we have th Serenade from, birth to expect from him services such as the country
the United States of the tolly and absurdity of Don Giovanni, with words as demure and suspi- may glory in; neither has he the qualities necessary for
thae cry, with which the weikin has rung," cious as the music calls for. In another page, a statesman or a priest. In one word, his whole heart
against the injustice of starving the many for the celebrated air, La ci darem," is made ques. is fixed upon being a nobleman, and that he can continue
the benejit of the few," and the horrible conse- tionably serious by such lines as these to be.
quences o a exclusive privileges. Oh speak that gracious word again Give thanks to fate, Madam, which, in withholding
If all history did not uy evince the impossi broken talents from your son, has put him in possession of co0s-
bility o eradicating inveterate prejudices, this No voice but thine can soothe my pain, siderable riches, which he can enjoy without my favors.
simple fact would forever settle the question. f Or bid my fears depart! Your most affectionate,
But what will the Citizen" say of the fact JOSEPH.
that, with all the advantages we possess, as above hat onglady, after a day's preparation in olhembourg, Aug. 4, 1787."
stated, ,e do not manufacture a fourth, perhaps such a chapel as we have hinted at, and with her .
not a tenth, of the fine cotton goods, consumed heart over-brimmed with Haste to the ,'.,'U .
in Philaoelphia or New York alone, whereas, by or the Emperor .llexander-could sit down to ST. LOUIS, OCT. 13.
S Phielpha or New York alone, whemanufactureas, by her evening piano, and play and sing such hymns Loan Oice.-The paper of this institution is
proper encouragement, we might manufacture as these with sincere devotion ? The very cer- now in circulation among the people. Some un-
Statese-fourainy that she was swindli ththe day-that she foreseen difficulties have-occurred to protract its
T argument in favor of thin prosperity of was passing flash notes-that the music she was earlier emission, and we are sorry to say, that
The argue in favr of the prosperity of ou playing had an alias, and that too of a very sus. even yet, the partial pittance thrown out is bare-
nmanutactures, derived from their exportation,p description ld w to ly sufficient to enable those rdbted to the state
falls to the ground, when it is ascertained that pcioUS dsc'iption ul go some way to te ly sufficient to n ble hose i ted to the state
the whole amount manufactured goods export- despoilinrg her sincerity. She is told that Don to pay their taxes. It mio\ remains to be seen,
ed for ten years fona 1802 to 1812, were only Giovanni must not be thought of-with the Ita- what will be the fate of the new medium. W he-
ed for tin years fino i 0 1802 to 1812, were o ,ly lian errors which associate with it hiring the there it will fall dead from the press, as its ene-a
or the09three ast ydlleas, only 2,096,000 per a15,000 fnnuom a wk-but with a slight clipping it is made fit mies affect to believe, and thereby add to the
por the three las nearly 10,000,000 ; i frois amiable for use on Sunday. We shall now proceed to miseries of the times-or whether it will not, to
opu t coie al 0 ,00o it isd a point out a few of t ai's, al give our read- idulg a rational calcelatita, arhrr some miti-
adduce the paltry export of 997 pairs of bouts, them- tal of 5200,000, at is not probable that ith pap r
25,707 pairs.of shoes,of .hats, to the value ofl 8,051 ; beautiful invocation to late of the w bk will deprecu. The st
dollars, and of saddlery, to toe amount of 17,031 F, not yet! that beautiful invocation to late of the n -ew b.rtk will depec Th, ce sitis
dollars, &c. as any roof of the prosp erit ou hours and loveAsnat-fir'ottei inii-t lus s oletion. o'ttecouniry, mi th virst place, will bring it in
dollars, os-- pAnd te tlioes are p ovided after the following demand-and in the absence or the anmsihilation
manufacturers. fashion: of a better currency every dollar of it must be
One mire erro of the decreiten" requires to Since life n sorrow must be spent; devoted to the most important services. The
benoticed. omthe decrease o uo.tin So be it-t am o ell content, exigencies of the public require pecuniary relief,
and consequent decline of the revenue, he inmfers And meekly wait my last remove, and as the most etlicient which can be offered,
a proportional increase of manufactures. Unhap- And seeking only growth in love, that of a Loan Office must answer. It is not a
pily, tenc premises do not warrant the deduction. And seeking only growth in love. good argument against the paper of this bank,
The disinution of importations has arisen from Would any given boarding school girl, with that it will not pass out of the state. Such an
the general derangerment of business, the impov. this tune running it her head, consider this extended circulation was not contemplated, nor
erislhment of the country, as.d the consequent in- g'o.wth of love as any other thIan that love which is it much desired. Our produce will pass be-
capacity of our .citizens to purchase goods as grows at Mr. Newman's nursery in Leadenhall. yond the state, and must be used hereafter in
they formerly did. The general style ot living, street ? "Mercy on us," as uncle Noll says, payment -of ourt importations ; and if that tfaii, we
obvious to the most superficial observer, proves w what a pr'ofligate !" Almost the next air to the ought to import nothing. The country, becom-
this point. fnhe western states, too generally de- one we have just mentioned, comes The pretty ing suddenly involved, hab seized upon the su-
pressed, and ermbarrassed to the utm.,stextent of maid of Derby, 0! (a sufficiently serious title of rest means, and availed itself of the inalienable
human sufl'erning, and dives by this suffering to itself!) and this sprightlypiecc, which would be right of a free state, to regain its former prospe-
the miserable resources' of floods of paper m- sprightly, though Sternshold and Hopkins, and ri.y tand vigor ; and, until its agricultural labour
ney, and valuation and stop laws, to prevent the Whitfield and Wesley, held it down, is comforta- and commercial enterprise are brought into ac.
total run of tue debtor part of the community, bly fitted with the following words:- tion, we must continue, in justice to ourselves, to
who are probably four-hfths of the whole, do not
purchase foreign mercandise to the amount o Of this world's vain store, vation. Let us, however, hope hor the bet-
one-sixth of what they used formerly. But would The time for such trifles with me new is o'er; let every citizen do his duty-and we venture to
it not be madness to infer the prosperity of west- A country 've found,
n manufactures frorthis circumstance Where true joys abound, sy, that th benefits predicted (as far as asy me-
N EKAR. 'Tis heavenly dwelling inn that laannay around. diuo. can smibserve the purposes of society,) will
Philad.lp/hia, Alov.'13. Is this a hymn ? soon begin to appear.-Enquirer.
-- In the words of John tAnderson my joe! we
* Seybert, p..87. might almost suspect that the principle (if prin- 1 TO LET,
ciple it may be called) apon which this singular -- A two story brick House, on 7th street, near
PRIJ NTI G ork is wrouhlt is intended to .. I. the General Post Office. Also, a small frame
Seey descriptiexeted at this Ofice, orkiwro h i intended to be quaintlyproHouse,on 14th street. quie of
Smulgated : nov 17-2axitt JOHN M'DUELL.
PUBLIC RF.VENUE AND EXPENSES, .
IW the existing revenues of the nation should, as
s apprehended, prove to be unequal to the pre-
ent national expenditures, it will become a sc-
ious question at the approaching session of Con- I
;ress, whether the revenue shall be increased,
whether internal or direct taxes shall be laid, or v
he appropriations and expenses of the govern- 1
nent reduced. We are not certain that it will be I
absolutely necessary to choose between these al
ernatives ; but if it should, we are under a very
strong impression that the people of Pennsylva-
ia would prefer a reduction of the national ex-
penditures to the leyyingof additional burdens,es-
pecially in the form of direct or domestic taxa-
ion. Though business and the prosperity of the
nation are gradually reviving, the improvement is
low. It is still as much.as the people generally
nan do to support their families ; and it is an in-
auspicious period'to require from them the pay-
ment of taxes, unless it be imperiously necessary.
We are therefore perfectly satisfied that the
people of this state, and of the Union at large,
would, if consulted by their representatives in
Congress, say that no taxes should at this time
be laid. Certain branches of national expendi-
ture, which it is unnecessary at present to point
out, may be judiciously retrenched ; and, in ad-
dition to this, the sinking fund of ten millions
may be reduced without producing any evil or
dissatisfaction. We wish to see the national debt
speedily redeemed; but we do not wish to see
the people l.-'pre.c'l by new burdens, in order
that final redemption may be accomplished soon-
er than would be consistent with their interest,
comfort, and tranquillity.-Franklin Gazette.
Mr. Charruard proposes to give, this winter,
in the city of New York, twenty-four select,
agreeable, and elegant balls ;" of which he gives
due notice to the ladies and gentlemen of fashion,
by advertisement in the newspapers. But, he
adds, as the elegance of the ball depends princi-
pally on the part of the ladies, Mr. Charruard
would advise them not to dance with their hats
or pelisses on, as that dress does not become a
ball room. The gentlemen, also, are strictly re-
quested not to dance in boots, frock coats, or sur-
tit-, on any account whatever, asnd not to enter
the ball room with reat coat, or cane.
N OTIC E.
UXIOX TA VEJIX.
THE subscriber having taken the Union Ta-
_L vern, situated in Georgetown, District of Co-
lumbia, and as the buildings and conveniences of this
,Hotel have been admitted to be superior to any in the
District in point of magnitude and convenience, and in-
ferior to none in the Union, he can-with safety assure
the public, that they will be accommodated not only in
a comfortable but elegant manner. A Carriage and four'
Horses are kept during the session ofiCongress, to convey
Members from the Hotel to and from the Capitol, the
distance to which is so inconsiderable, and the avenues
of Washington so fine, as to render the ride to the Mlem-
bers extremely desirable. The subscriber pledges him-
self to the old patrons of the Tavern, to whom he is
generally known, that no trouble or expense shall be
spared in, affording them their usual accommodation.
The distance to the President's House and other public
buildings, is a moderate walk. His tt .. ,5 f l.. r 1;,..
&c. sh:il be made appropriate to the tie-., I rn- .... 'i
ern, southern, and western stages, as usu l, insto .ma
frost the house daily. I:
0:l'The Boston Patriot, New York Commercial Daily
Advertiser, Poulson's American, and the Baltinrse
American, will please give the above advertisement
three insertions in their daily and country papers, and
send their accounts on for settlement.
iHIS AFTERNOON, at hall past 3 o'clock, at my
& Auction Rooms, .Pennsvlvania a-,enue, 1 shall sell a
variety of household furniture and other articles, viz:
1 mahogany Sideboard
2 do Tables
2 Stoves, Chairs
2 excellent Beds, &c. &e.
1 crate Bottles
Boxes and barrels Herrings
M. POOR, aNc.
A YOUNG GENTLEMAN
ISHRES employment as a Teacher, either in a pub.
lic school or private family. tie has been classi-
uclly d ted, and ha onsiderable experience in teach-
ing the Latin and Greek languages,and different branch-
es in English. Every necessary testimony, as to charac-
ter and ability can be exhibited. A letter addressed to
N. 11. Horse Head, Prince George's County, Md. will be
Y order of the Orphans' Court of Washington coun-
ty, District of Columbia, the subscriber will sell, at
public sale, on Thursday the 29th inst. all the personal
estate of John L. Naylor, deceased, consisting of negroes,
horse, honshd aol nd andkitchen furniture. The terms of
sale: six months credit for all sums above 920, and all
sums under 820 the cash, the purchaser giving bond,
with approved security, bearing'interest from the day
of sale. Sale to commence at 10 o'clock, at the late dwel-
h ng of the deceased.
nov 17-3t THOS. NAYLOR, adm'r.
DOCTOR WALTER F. BOARMAN,
J) ESPECTFULLY tenders his professional services to
1, the citizens of Bryan iTown,.aind its vicinity, He will
keep his shop at the late residence of Dr. Jamieson.
The Era of good Fortune!
ON Tuesday the 27th instant will commence draw-
GRAND NATIONAL LOTTERY
when all who hold tickets in this splendid class will be
in a fair way to share in the profusion of prizes that
must soon come forth, and those woo hold none can do
nothing better than furnish themselves forthwith at TV-
LtU'S Fortunate Oflice, as the wheels now contain, n.,t
on)l tte splendid prize if [ I,,.1,,, n,, but I of 25,000, 2
10,0Ou, 5 of 500, 100 of 1000, and a numerous quan lity
of comfortable tit-tits of a smaller denomination.
Tickets rise on the 20th inst. to S14, but may be had
until that time for 813, and shares in proportion, at
B. O0. TYLER'S
Luckyl a;f-! ,
Pennsylvania avenue, \. i .- i city,
Where every order from a distance will meet with
prompt attention, and all Lottery information furnished
AS committed to the gaol of this county, on the
W 12th inst. as a runaway, a negro man, who calls
hiniselfJOSEPHl GAKiRNEit, ag-ed about4.0 years, 6 feet
high, has a scar between his eye-brows, and says he is the
property of John Homeldorf, of Virginia. The owner i[
requested to come forward, prove said negro, pay char-
ges, and release him from jail; otherwise he will. be re-
leased agreeably to law.
WM. M. BALL, Jr. Shff
of Frederick county, Md.
FRoIO THE OXOitOR, (CREasANO CO.) GAZSTTE, OCT.
Spirited Farming.-Hezekiah Reed, Jr. Esq.
passed through this village last *"eek, on his way
to the iP, r..;'.i-;., (Butler's Range,) which, we
understa.:d, he has taken for a sheep farm. W
were gratified in viewing a cow,two heifers, and a
bull, the most perfect animals we had ever be-
fore seen of the neat kind, We understand they
are of the full blooded Bakewell breed. Mr.
Reed also brings with him 150 full blooded Me-
rino sheep, superior to any we have ever before
examined, being a part of 500 which will coin-
pose his stock.
We are informed that Major Hull, of Dutchess
Co. has taken the Green Meadows 1 rm, on the
same Range, and intends to stock it with 1000
Merinoes. We wish them all the success their
enterpr ize will warrant.
They point out the road to wealth'; and we
hope the country will profit by their example,
and that Chenango will hereafter be known for
the quantity and fineness of her fleeces, an'd her
superior stock of neat cattle.
FROM TOE SAME PAPEL, OF OCTOEit 1.
4r. Morgan. : I noticed in your paper of the
24th instant, under the head of "Spirited Farm-
ing," that our green hills and fine water had at-
tractedl the attention of old Dutchess. I sincere-
ly rejoice that the race of the sheep are turned
towards, as much as I grieved at their being
turnedfrom us. T.he c'-rnlcpi.. fi'.m Dutcliess
point out the true imu.e t'f .ilt.ri-ia from our
land the greatest profit with he least labor. We
hope their e:-.. ni,lc ill be followed until every
hill and every vale is ornamented by these mist
useful and valuable animals. The rich may pro-
fit, but how is the new beginner and middling far-
mer to be benefitted? They must be thriving be-
fore we can say the country is prosperous.
In the city, I am informed, it is the custom for.
a cartman or mechanic, who depends on his dai-
ly labor for support, every Saturday night, to set
apart a small portion of his weekly earnings as a
payment tor.a. -., Ih;: rent; if he is successful, he
makes a lii i ,.|.-:i; the rest is given to his
wife to defray the expenses of the succeeding
week if she can save any thing, that is likewise
put into the strong box, which is. never opened
until q.itti.r day. 8-: these trifith(- weekly contri-
butiois, '.,d J.., of small beginiers,with only a
hoisc and cart, have been able to accumulate
Jlo-ir 2,, 50, arid one hundred hIiutm ii i ,llals!
Now let us see how we can apply this saving
p inciple to sheep fji rniig. Let the new begin-
nor on fifty acres, or one hundred pounds con-
tract, purchase twelve sheep, and consider the
wool as belonging to the landlord, to keep down
his interest. This is very easy. There is no-
place in this country, but where there is common
sufficient to pasture them, and, with a little exer-
tion, he can carry the-m through the winter, and
find himself amply repaid by the increase of his
flock, which will continue to multiply as he ad-
vances with his clearings, and not only the inte-
rest on his contract be kept down, but he will
soon be enabled to redeem his pledge, and as he
becomes a man of property, he will hold up his
head, increase his diligence, be-noticed for his
punctuality, and Ie -.fec id as a citizen.
A .aecW-at lued IlTil at Durham, Eng. in
which idiocy was set up as a cKlience. The Coin-
mion Sergeant, who made the statement for the
prosecution, mentioned a cause which had been
tried before a very learned Judge, with his opin-
ion respecting a knowledge of right from wrong.
Twa little female children were playing together
in a wood, when they quarrelled, and one of them,.
only eight years of age, killed the other. On her
committing the deed she became frightened, and
hid herself. In consequence of this hiding being
proved, the Judge gave it as his opinion that it
was a manifest knowledge of having done a crime,
and the child was executed accordingly.
[If all this be not fable, the Judge, more than the
child, deserved the gallows, fur sporting with the life of
Trope for Trope.-A clergyman preaching in
the neighborhood of Wappitig, observing that
most part of his audience were in the seafaring
way, very naturally embellished his discourse
with several nautical tropes and figures. Amongst
other things, he advised them to be ever on the
watch, so that, on whatsoever tack the evil one
should bear'down upon them, he might be crippled
inaction. Aye,, master," muttered a jolly son
of Neptune, but let me tell you, that will de-
pend upon your having'the weather gage of him."
A just, though whimsical remark.
On Thursday week, a colored manr, who had
entered as steward of a vessel for Charleston,
and received his advance money, when the ves-
sel was about starting, refused to go-and being
urged to fulfil his engagement, jumped over-
board to escape, and was drowned, before any
assistance could reach him.
S.DIES arid Gentlemen who are deairous'6f attend.
ing the Lessons at the
Writing ...;:.,-iy, a u Georgetown,
may obtain Tickets, which will entitle them to tuition.
and stationery, at Mr. Davis's Bookstore, Bridge street.
Price only two dollars. No blanks; no deduction: prizes
more valuable than wealth.
To the enlightened citizens of Georgetown nothing
need be said on the importance of perfecting that art
which the experience o0 centuries has fixed in the high-
est rank ofdusefulness. If the Superintendent were not
determined to pursue a different course from those (if
amy there be) who supply witll words the place of merit, .
he would feel no hesitation in warranting to persons if
ordinary application the more than beautiful accomplish-
.nent of writing an established legible, elegant, expedi-
iuOs rTnning hand, at the close of twelve lessons or 24
dours' instruction-in which hand they will be able, and
perhapss sufficiently munificent, to transfer to the teach-
Sa part of their fortunes in'their last wills and testa-
menta! And, in most cases, if even one half of those
hiuirs are spent in writing ( .bl_ b .*;th tle system,)
letters of correspondence .... ... i,, ti'.e acquaintance,
or in ornamenting the books of the countin'-house.
The pupil's immediate change of ha:id, howeverwwhich
is from day to day exhibited, will be sufficient proof that
the prices are invaluable to fill the classes; but the earli.
est applicants will have the lIngest time and most advan-
tageous opportunity before the hall .s crowded. Tick-
ets may be purc asked either at the scholar's commence-
ment or at any time previous to the 1st December at
which time the Academy will close. Odier arrangement
have already been announced in the Metropolitan. The
manuscript of this advertisement inay be seen at Mr. Da-
vis's Bookstore, in the hand writing'of the teacher.
Masonic Hall, Jefferson st. Georgetown, nov 12-eo3t
Mr. James Corcoran and Mr. James Moore, Jr. Mer.
chants, Bridge street.
"It i4 a shame tor a person to write a bad hand. Eve-
ry one who has hands and eves can learn to write what-
ever hand he pleases."- Chester ied.
--- On enquiry at theproper Department, we learn
y A\ _" ,-_ j Ii ir) i that the principal injuiis lately sustained by the
-- -Mail'of the United States, in its progress be-
T--*-- tween Charlostow, S. C. and Baltimore, were
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 17. owing-to the improper conduct ofa sub-contract-
tors of this or, who was pro -ply) dismissed from the ser.'
Proceedings of Congress.- he Editrs of this ,i,. and that the contractor was charged for
paper have, for several years, devoted much of
their personal attention, during the Se.sions of)
Congress, to reporting the Debates and Proceed-
ings of both Houses of Congress. They have at
no time been insensible, however, that the Pro-
ceedings could be more promptly reported, and
more satisfactorily to readers generally, if assis-
tance could be procured in that arduous labor-
besides, that such assistance would leave more
time to the Editors to devote to the miscellaneous
contents of the paper, and to branches of their
business not heretofoic sufficiently attended to.
They have now the satisfaction to apprize their
readers that they have at length succeeded in en-
gaging a gentleman to assist them in reporting
the Proceedings f Co'.gress, every way qualified,
by education and experience, for that undertaking.
To do this, an expense is incurred which the pro-
fits of the Newspaper E.-.tablishment would not
justify. The E'.itors have, however, made this
consideration bend, to their desire to accommo-
Aic the Public and give greater interest to their
columns ; willingly relying for remuneration, in
part at least, on the improved punctuality of their
present readers, and the addition to their num-
ber, which is anticipated from the acquisition
On a Portrait by .Mr. IKing.
In vain would death the friend remove
Forever from our weeping sight,
Thy touch (ibe4l but speech alone)
Again retores him to the light.
FIOM TRE CO.iNiUTICUT JOURiNAL.
"Grumnbs for OJffce Seekers.-We have been The Legislature of New Jersey have appro-
endeavoring to guess at the drift of the subjoined priated two thousand dollars, annually, to the
article, which we find copied very generally. We education of the Deaf and Dumb of that state,
at some convenient institution.
arc persuaded it was not written at Washington,
unless by a stranger to our city, for it uses lan- BNEW-YORK, NOV. 14.
guage which is not familiar here, however it may There was a report in town yesterday that an
be elsewhere. What relates to the next Presiden- express had arrived from Boston, and the mer-
cy, is evidently made up according to the fancy cantile community, as might naturally be expect-
ut without the shadw of reality ed, was on the look-out. The report took its on-
Sthe writer, ut without theshadw of realitygin from a singular circumstance. A harserhanm
about it, to serve as a cover to the main object of was observed coming quickly down Broadway.
the letter-which is, in truth, to feel the pulse" He stopped at Whitfield's office, in Courtland-
of the Executive, to ascertain whether, by means I street, where he was met and conducted to an
of thesefudge letters, occasionally thrown out eminent Broker in Wall-street. ALter much
and eagerly snapt at. as ws from Washington, speculation as to the nature of his business, it was
discovered that the man had come to the city for
the President cannot be seduced into a belief that the purpose of selling a fine horse.-Gazette,
public opinion requires honest and faithful public .Room
officers to be thrust out of employ, to make room Bank of England notes.-An inquiry was late-
for those who are more needy, and of cotursei ly made, of what steps had been taken by those
more greedy, than the present ic u i,Ir,.ts. For who had the subject in hand, to complete the new
our parts, we think it a good reason for keeping projected plan of Bank notes, which were to op-
S a in office that no cofiplaint can be made i pose so 0reat an obstacle to forgeries, to vwhicl,
a mainm cep that ho complaint can be m e an answer was given by the Governor of the-
against him, except that he has discharged the Bank. Amongotherthings, he said, with res.
duties of his station for many years, without any pect to the planof a tlank->aote,upon the result of
other objection than the length of his service, which so many sanguine expectations had been
.In all cases of misconduct, neglect, or insolence raised, he was sorry to state, that. the practical
operations did not bear out the atimcipationi f)rin-
in the discharge of public duties, we admit opI etihe d t bear t thu aittc pao fo r m
I.edlofithem." At present, thougin many great
that removals should be made. But, we would improvements hai.1 been su gesled,
remove no man from an uilice, n ietely because there had not been one to which thei could atix
another man covets it; and if we mistake not, that charac',er of permanent stab lity,which was so
Mr. Monroe will give to all applications of that generally sought." They had gone on with the
sort the answer which Mr. Jefferson is said late plan until they found the ground breaking
t he e ch o. under them; yet they had still kept the subject
once to.have given to such an application.- under thei costant practical consideration, al-
- Well, Sir, I will cause Mr. A's accounts to be though he could not flatter tht court with a hope
examined ; and if it appears that he has been an of the speedy consumrinatii aof their wishes."
unfaithful officer, one shall be appointed to sue. Wilh respect to the public security against for-
ceed him." These letters from Was!i-gton are series, as matters stood, the Bank were ready to
seldom written without an object. Sometimes it is githe metallic acilurrenty in their power for enlarging
thle metalic currency 0o the country; they were
to make a Postmaster--at others a Collector- now anxious to see more specie in circulation. Thev
an officer of one grade, now of another. But believed there was gold and silver enough for
the most objectionable view of this letter is; that, general purposes in the Metropolis; but, it was
however intended, it hangs out a tempting lure supposed, that was not the case in the country.
to avarice and ambition, insidiously enlisting The Bank was most anxious, he repeated, that
S' -the public should have the fullest possible pro-
them among the forces to be engaged in.the 'elec- tectin against forgeries, by having the utmost
pioneering campaign,' which is about to open, not facility in discharging notes,iarge as -vell as saiall,
at Wanshinrtn e ctIlv. hut almonti in averv other f' ia n~talt- irrencn..
quarter of the Union. Let it be understood that
there is to be a scramble for all the offices of tie
country on the induction of a new President, and
we shall find activity enough in the campaign
which the writer of the following letter refers to.
uTrzTEiti FO WAsamI'os..
n Washington city, N'ov. 5, 1821.-Prepara.
tions are making here for the meeting of Con-
gress, which will be in less than a month. The
grand Electioneci ing Campaign, it is-said,) will be
opened as soon after the meeting as time will af-
ford for feeling the pulses of the iameibers-a
large proportion of whom are new ones. rhe
prominent candidates for the next Presidency now
spoken of, beiig on the spAt, a pretty active cain.
paign.is expected. No one h'ss any idea of a
Congressional Caucus.-It w oud- danmn any cause
which should adopt one :-Of course, individual
exertion must be the greater, and thi campaign
It is intimated, that many of the incumbents
in. office, some of whom have held .lucrauve ap.
pointments from fifteen to thirty years, will be
invited to fold up their robes, and retire with de-
cency. By the law of lay, 1820, limiting the
term of office of ce-tain officers, all commissions
or appointments made prior to the Is o l October,
1816, are to cease after the 30th September last :
and all others four years from their dates. The
'object of the law was to enable the President to
get clear of old and rich incumbents, without the
disagreeable course of absolute removal. It will
be recollected, that the law in question refers to
District Attorneys, Collectors of Customs, Naval
Officers, Surveyors of Customs, Navy Agents,
Registers of Lai.d Offices, &c. &c. If the spirit
of the law is executed, as it is said it will be, you
may easily conceive of the excitement it will cre-
ate among the veteran office holders, and the ac.
tivity it will occasion among the office seekers.
As far as the public voice on this subject has
been ascertained, it is loud in favor of the execu-
tion of the law in its spirit, and that the present
time is the best to make the experiment. The
President, it is suggested, will readily hearken to
the general voice, when ascertained from the
members. If there are honors and emoluments
in the public offices, they ought to be shared by
the community, and not by any perpetuitists, if
the public service will admit of it; and if labor
and duties are to be performed, they ought to be
i lrence toI tile oUlUW lg lnamelll, wIvich1 is tie reail
name of a citizen,orof one who has been a citizen,
of this state, we are unable to say. It is given
without further comment.
,,lahar Shalal Hasfbash Pslycarpus ."'elson
Scoaeld. The last is the surname
GREENSBBRG PA. NOV. 9.
A curious cheat has beeti practised upon a
number of unsuspecting Germans in this coun-
ty, and probably upon many in other places.
In Junie last, letter--, in the German language,
post-marked at Lebaiion; Pa. and signed T. Ad.
Reiclhert, were r.rceived by several Germans
here. Each .f these letters stated, that Mr.
Charles Petersen, of Philadelphia, had put into
the hands of the writer, a jacket of letters,
brought by the ship Alexander from Amsterdam,
aid that among them was one for the person he
then addressed; that thecost upon it was one dol-
lar, and that it should be immediately forwarded,
upon the transmission to himn at Lebanon, of a
par note to that ainou.t, In case the money was
not forwarded, he would leave the letter with a
person it Philadelphia, until the return of the
Alexander from Europe. To give the letter an
official appearance, there was printed in one cor-
ner of it a seal, containing the words, Corres-
pondence seal of imterica," and underneath it
written, 163, f.. B. Copie-W. Weber The
mo'ey, in many or all instances, was sentto him;
but the promised letters not being received' here,
the Postmaster at Lebanon was written to, who
says, in ans'i'cr, trat the fellow who wrCte the let-
ters and took out the answers, is a stranger, .who
has not since been he-.rd of, and that the whole
affair is, no doubt, a Duwch Yankee trick."
The Postmaster says the fellow's correspondents,
in and near Pittsbiirg were very numerous. Can
no plan be adopted to discover this flying
Dutchman" and his A msterdam letters
The Farm-House of Gov. Skinner, situated in
Manchester, (Vt.) was lately destroyed by fire,
with most of its contents.
The dwelling-house and out-houses, in Pier-
mont, (N H.) the property of Messrs. Gookin,
Bartlet k Sawyer, were lately destroyed by fire.
A New York paper contains an advertisement
of a few jars of Morrison's patent preserved
fresh Salmon." This must be a nice article for
llJ a Cu rn c y.
On Tuesday evening the 13th inst. by the Rev. Mr.
MOUNT PLEASANT, N. Y. NOV. 13. Henshaw, at ," Plgrim's Choice," near Baltimore, Mr.
More trouble among the Singing Masters.-- WILras LirrtxcoTr, Merchant, of Philadelphia, to Mrs.
.Mot of our readers will remember an account .CiatsTRIs.AA BARtNEs, daughter of Win. Pechin, Esq. of
which we published a short time since of a Car. the former place.
lisle Singing Master," who had borrowed ladies'
rings, hearts, &C. an d finally a horse, with which
he had eloped. By the following, it will ,cem DIED,
that the Pennsylvanians are not the only folks .On the 3d instant, at his farm in Salem township, near
who are troubled with an Ranters.' New Alexandria, (Pa.) in the 82dyear of his age, Colonel
A young man, who, for some time past, has JoiNs SaHI ,S. The deceased was one of thie first set-
been teaching a Singing School at Yorktown, in tiers of the western cou try, having eit'igi'ated to it in
this county, was, last week, conveyed to the jail the year 1771. *ln the same, spot in .wiin lie then lo-
at White P ains, (,n a charge of stealing a cated himself, before the Indian yell had yet ceased to
yoke of fat oxen, and driving them several miles spread panic and alarm through our forests, has lie ever
aid selling themn.--a few weeks since, tre store since hleldt the noiseless tenor of his way." The na.
of Messrs. Whitlock & Smith, in sauth Salem, tural vigor of his mind, and his enterprise and personal
was broken open and a number of a ticdes stoin, resolution, soon pointed him out to his fellow adventu-
which robbery, we understand, has also been rers in this their-wilderness of danger and hardships, as
charged upon and confessed by this same main, a suitable person to serve them 'in different capacities.
who calls his name Johnson. It is said, that In tloe year '76, he coinmnnded a company, which
Johnson was much esteemed by the Yorktown marched to Pittsburgh to guard a inutiber iof cotimis-
fair, and that since his removal to the White sioners deputed to treat with certain lidian nations; and,
Plains, he has proposed to continue teaching his during the principal part of several years, was actively
old scholars, provided they will attend at No..2, employed in guarding the frontiers against their depre-
in the Westchester CountyPrison dations. As soon as they were reduced to a tolerable
state of tranquillity, and the iRevolutionary war had bro-
A Miss Drake, daughter of the Manager of the ken out, he marched to the eastward as captain of a
A M iss Drake, daughter of theeMamager of the company, who were engaged in several skirmishes with
Lexington and Louisville Theatres, is announcedtheenem uder the immediate direction of Genera
for the New York boards, in the arduous char- the enemy, tder tme immediate direction of General
acter of Lady Teazle. Our i-other-Noah very Washington. He was subsequently elected a member
gallantly maintains the prophet of encouraging er of the assembly, but was prevented from serving in that
this species of n Domestic Manufacture ; and, capacity more than one tern, by the claims of a young
in case of her success, anticipates that the Belle and rising family upon his attention andlhis industry. For
of Kentucky will make some noise even in N Y.,," man years he also disch arged the duties of magistrate
The lady's father, it seems, has acquired a con- withjudgmentand fidelity.
petency in his profession, and she is travelling for At Pineville, (S. C.) Mrs. EsTaHEi MARToN relict of
her health. This fair emigrant from beyond the the, Hon. Robert Marion.
mountains has at least two points in her favor- At Savannah, Georgia, on the 30th ult. Doctor Nxicno-
as she is said t be very young and very hand- LAS S. BArYan, aged 47, (son of the late Col. John Bay-
as she is said to be very young and very hand- ard of 'hiladelphia,)-esteemedand respected as a phy-
sician, and beloved as a man by all who were acquainted
NEW-IAVEN, NOV. 12.
Fatal Accident.-On Monday the 8th inst. whilst a
number of'young persons were shooting ducks, on the KITCHEN SERVANT WANTED.
long bridge leading from the eastern part of this city, a ANTrED, a Kitchen Servant, who ms a good ICook
son of the late Mr. John Woodward, of.East-Haven, aged W cleanly, and good tempered. A Female withook,
15, was killed by the accidental discharge of a gun, in children w nld be. p'efrred to a an Servant. Nwhou
undthe hrstands of a bl the negro had cocked hit was a rgun and placed th we need apply who cannot produce recommendations from
understand the negro had cocked his gun and placed the tleir last place of service Farther enquiries to be made
lock under his great coat, ad by some motion the coat the residence of J. Gales, Jr,
ca d sprung the lckt the residence of J. Gaesr,
TQPOGPAPHICAL SKETCHES OF FLOILDA*. southern shrubs and trees, forming an agreeable
-' (contrast with the scattered forest of pines. This
FROM THE FwORIDIAs. ccoD ntry has su p ported very large herds of cattle,
Opposite Pensacola, on what is. called Der. which, in fact, has constituted the principal
Point, there is a small cove called the Careening wealth of the inhabitants of Florida ; they have
Ground, where vessels may liu close in shore, as found the business more profitable than cultiva-
completely sheltered as in a basin. Under tire tino, requiring less capital, and attended with less
British government, two heaving down wbhurve, care. The stocks of cattle were very much di-
were constructed, and, at different Limes, vessels minished during the Indian war, but are again in-
have been repaired, and even built, aud launched creasing rapidly, as they are said to d6ubie every
there. At present there are scarcely auy re- three years. The country is a:so well d.d.Ap.td to
mains of those wolks. This ha's beei, during sheep. At this season of the year the appearance
the summer, the quarantine ground. There was of the vegetation is almost as gay as in the spring
formerly some good live oak in. the neighbor- -the verdure is as fresh, and the woods are filled
hood, but it has been long since destroyed. The with flowers ; so that, whether in spring or au-
place is well fortified by nature, having a lagoon tumn, the narne of FLORIDA i e'.iulv appropri-
in the rear, which cuts it off from the main land, ate. B.
leaving only a high bluff, that commands, every
place around it. On the other side, of Ducr
Point, is the Sound between the island of Sta. Divine Service may be expected in the rea-
Rosa and the peninsula, of which Deer Point is sury Buildiig to-morrow at halt past 10 A. M. and at
the extremity. The sound is about forty miles half past 3 o'clock, P. M.
the full amount of penalties incurred by the ,'anes.-Mr.kind-.have usually been as much
carelessness of his driver. distinguished for diversity of taste as of charac.-
-----ter or personal appearance, and they not unfi'e-
From the Philadelphia Democrautic Press, Alov. 12. quentiy exhibit it, much to. the amusement of
Sixteen arks, laden with Lehigh Coal,.have ar- each other. This is sometimes done in giving
rived at our wharves, and we learn that 64 arks 'names to children. Some parents select for their
more are on their way down. This coal sells at child the name of some distinguished hero,'
30 cents a bushel. The bushel weighs about 80 statesman, or divine-thinking, perhaps, that the
pounds. From experience we are satisfied that possession of the name is a sure pledge for re-
Lehigh coal, at 30o cents, is cheaper than Liver- semblance in talents and character. Some hand
pool coal at 20 cents a bushel. It makes a safer down thlir own names,withoutregard to any con-
fire, a warmer fire, and a fire requiring less care tingency, but from mere pride to give them per-
and trouble. We are happy to say that the petuity. Some have given names from local cir-
dams on the Lehigh are now in such a state of cumastances, in modern as well as ancient times ;
forwardness, that the arks can pass to and from hence, a child born at sea is called Ocean, or
the city, at any season of the year, unless the perhaps .1Ve/ptine, in honor of his Majesty of the
season shall happen to be uncommonly dry. Trident. Some, in selecting names for their
-.- children, have supposed themselves actuated by
PROMt THE DoILESTOWN COIRRESONDENT. uncommon patriotism ; hence a hopeful child iin
merican Genus and Enteprize Rewarded. Virginia, not many years since, was called ZKm
Our feow-citizan en Gerge Clyner, theivent- bareo. Some prefer short names, of a single
Our fellow-citizen George Clymer, the invent- monosyllable, as John. or George, as matter of
or of the improved Printing Press, hasbeen Printing covience. Some prefer names of several syl-
successful in introducig the o bia Pritig lables, or even double names, as being not
Press into the Old World," than his most s.n. quite so common." Some prefer romantic names,
guine hopes had led him to expect. He had put and hence they make theirselections from a fa-
into operation in Englnd, in August last, 86 voiite novel. Some prefer Scripture naines, and
presses ; some in France, Russia, South Ameri one good old lady is said to have thought Beeize-
ca, aAd 4 in Asia; and the demand increases, as bub a" very, pretty name" for a favorite little
the knowledge of their superiority becomes ex- grand chdd v Butwhat should 'have given pre-
tended. child......t. what should r-ave given pre-
tended. r tothp rluluwvinv ntiiliC, ullir)ti is toe tea
Sg RS. SrTEWART inborms her friends and the pub-
.. lie that she is prepared to. receive foardei's dur-
ing the approaching session of Congress, at her estab-
lishment, neatly opposite to Brown's Indian Queen Ta-
vern, Pens,'vani,', 'vce.
1 h 1. ..: ... v .'.. spacious and commhnndious en-
.he-. I'-. ..,. n.,r-.'.,. .'- her gnu'sts with separatee and
comfsbrtable hamnber'4; nd .Aie plediges her behtt ex4f-tions
for th' e, vcnience an:i comfort of all who may patron-
ize her establishment.
with like the Oazis, .of Africa, as remarkable for This Day, at 11 o'clock,
their fertility and.beauty,as the surrounding landta ,,TILL be sold, at the Auction Rooms of THOMAS
are dreary and barren. The island of Sta. Rosa is rF C. WuaiUi',
little more than a sand bar, with scattered shrubs, Aln assonient(i of super and fine Cloths
an here ad there a solitary pine Cassimeres and Sattinetts
and here and there a solitary .pine Bleached;Shirtings, silk and Madras Hdkfs
Between Pensacola ano Barrancas, on this side German Dowlaa and brown Linens
the bay, there are several lagoons of considerable Brussel'sand ingrain Carpetings
size, and as far as have observed,' the soil in Fine Hats, &c. c.
general very indifferent-six miles below, a point o nd at I o'clock,
runs out and conceals the Barrancas ; on this Bloxes of mould and dipt Candles
point a signal staff is placed, and is visible from lahogan.Ta and various articles of Furniture
town with the naked eye. Three miles below is. And, at early candle-light,
the fort of St. Callos de Barrancas, situated upon A quantity valuable Books
a high bluff or cliff. The ground in the rear Optical Glasses, copper-plate Prints and Maps
consists of the mu0st terile pine woods,and yet in Knives and Forits, pen and pocket Knives
the neighborhood of the fort, garden vegetables anda large quantity of useful and fancy articles, &c.
appear to do well, and every thing that is planted Georgetown, nov 17-
th rives. The enormous live oak, between the Samples of eleg-ant French Pap'er .,_.i, -i,.
village and the fort, forum an astonishing contrast HR subscriber has removed his assortmenit of French
to the apparently wretched soil' that produces, i' p.: Hangings to Messrs. Hill's & Noyes' Auction
them. The fort is commanded by two points, Store, Bridge street, Ceorgetown, and on. rs i.:-r sale
one lower down on the bay, :,nd the other direct- newly selected assortment, viz:
ly out about half a mile. On one of these, Gen- Common French Papers, at 37J
do do o5U to 75
eral Jackson, in 1818, mounted a niwe pounder, Handsome Sattin P.r.- -i.1, i. ,. velvet borders
and, with this formidable ballery, attacked the -Marble Papers, plain do. all colors, with fe4toon
fort. On the other eminence, as already stated, borders
about half a mile from the bay, the troops are Velvet Papers, different patterns, rich velvet festoon
e n borders
now employed in erecting barracks, being with- Velvet and gold Papers
in a short distance of oneof those fine iii. ,,r o festooned Borders
which Florida is so justl, celebrated. The part of Several handsome Views rders
the fort occupying the siismmit of the bluff, it but Greek Feets, Telemnachus, Indian Chase
small, by no means formidable, and when deli- Monumentst i of aris, &nc.-
vered to our.troops, was in very bad repair. Thle im whnn toetupards iths'. -lIne'S A-nerict an. Papers, a
mounting to upwards of' Stli lii rr-it pa'.:n., will be
water battery is a much more considerable work sold very cheap: S\ML.' ;:us'
-with the exception of a few pieces, the artill e- Georgetnwn, ov 17-3t -
ty is of no value, and the carriages are so rotten,
as to be entirely unfit for use. A ball can with N9'I'ICF.
ease be thrown across the point of the island of T,-I be sold, on SiSuirday the 24th ihst. at the C.n-
u : "- ire Mutvtet House, atl tlf past 7 o'clock,A.MI Pt.tr
Sta. Rosa, the distance not much exceeding a alt tou ig prny to wit: et .Buttons,
i. ,; ,. g cash the totiuwin property, to wit: 9 gld vest Buttons,
tile and a half. There was formerly a wor. of gold mounted mourning Locket, 1 pair Bracelets, I
som-.'e importance on the point, and it will be nei gold finger iting, and I walking Cane. Seized and taken
cessary to repair it, in order to render the en- in execution as the property of James Goddard, at the
trance ; fet ily inaccessible. A light!.louse s lit of Robert Tweedy and Joseph Ward for the use of
ought also to be constructed, for, at present, not- .lames B. Hotmead. C. W. BO t'b le,
withstanding the facility of entering the harbor, no stab
the masters of vessels, not acquainted with the RUNAWAYS.
coast, are apt to pass the place without know. T.AS committed to the jail oi Washington County,
ing it. D. G). tihe following runaway neroes, viz:
Negro WILLIAM, on the 4th inst. He is 5 feet 4
From the height of the Barrancas there isa inches high. Sys t e i1 years of ae. Had o
fine prospect, whose sublimity is teightenied by when committed old wool hat, kersey jacket and trow-
the swelling and roaring of the surf on the out- users, striped vest, old linen shirt, and old shoes, Says
side of St. Rose. Below the fort is what is call- that he belongs to Wade 'Thornton, Esq. living near
ed the Grand Lagoon, spoken of as the means of King Georgie Court House, Vs.
o a i e Also, negress ELIZABE'T'H, on the, 5th inst. She is
connecting toe. Bay of Pensacola with tle Per- 5 feet 2-inches high, saysshe is 16 years of age. Hade n
dido. The distance across, according to a late when committed green silk bonnet, coplic colored
Spanish survey, is two hundred perches. The shawl, green and yellow striped calico frock, red flannel
Lagoon is an extensive sheet of water, but there petticoat, fine linen shift, lead colored stockings, and
is a difference of opinion as to there being a suf- yellow shoes. Says tbat she belongs to Major Lwell, of
c t h r t p o n N FairFaT county, V a. and that she was hired to Spencer
Sficient depth for the purpose of navigatiom. No Cone, of .Alexandria, from whom she made her es-
accurate and corrected survey has yet been made cape.
of this part -f Floridla, and in fact scarcely of any The owners of the above neg'roes are requested
part, so that no reliance is to be placed on the come and prove them and take them away, or they will
maps. The Perdido or Lost river, is probably so besoid for 'theirjail tees and other expenses, as the ia.v
called from the narrowness of its entrance, which rhs.l'tL Ir
is by two channels, not exceeding fifteen ur twen- nov 17-w,3 v for T. RHinygold, Mar.
ty yards in width each, anid so concealed by an
Island that a person may pass along the coast in CORPORATION STOCK WANTED.
a boat without discovering them. .If ANTI'E) to purchase, from three to four thousand
The Perdido soon widens into what may be dollars of the Debt of the Corporation of the City
more properly called a large lagoon or lake, than nf i' for which cast, will be paid. Those wish-
s shore i-eseminatinge .* .. i,', please state thie amount, and teruis, to
a river, is shores resembling those already des- Mr.Donouo, at the office of the National Imelligencer.
ct ibcd, with desirable situations on its borders. nov 9-
For about twenty miles, it preserves the width of
three or four miles, in some places wider, and A YOUNG LADY
then suddenly becomes an inconsiderable stream, 74TISHFES to be e.mplo,ed in a private family, whe is
taking its source aboutifty miles north of hi qualified to teach English rammar, ritmetic
takitig tstifty bhis Geography, with the use of the Globes-andt.Maps, Histo-
place. A western branch of the lagoon approach- ry, Belles Lettres, stusic and rawitng. Satisfactory tea-
es within five and a half miles of the Bayou Bon tiihony of ability and character 6an be g.ive. A letter,
Secour of Mobile Bay. The bay of Pensacola (post paid,) directed to X, Y, Z, Powhatan Court House,
might thus be connected with that of Mobile, by Va. will be immediately attended to.
two short canals n..t-much exceeding a distance oct 31-N120t
of six miles. Whether there would be a suffi- Twenty.seventh day of this month
client object to justify the fmiaking such a canal, GRAND NAT[ONAL LOTTERY
is perhaps questionable, on account of the great GRAND NATIONAL, LOTTERY,
width of the Boy of Mobile, which cannot with ifth Class,
-TILLL positively commence 1"*i'ing in this city.
safety be navigated by the river craft. No ob. W Grand capital prize 10,0u0 i ..._ .
stacles could however be opposed by the nature Tickets only i3, but will' advance to 14 on the20th
of the country it would pass through The out inst.
let of the Perdido is about ten miles from the Brilliant Scheme.
B..rrancas, and has notmore than five feet water 1 grand prize of. 100.000
on the bar 1 25,000
.The pine woods on the west side of the Perdi-
dr are said to be of a superior quality. As far
as dny observations enable me to judge, it is ex-
tremely difficult to give any ge.ieral descriptit)n
of the conutry distinguished by this kind of
growth, :hat c-n be relied on with safi"!y, on ac-
count ot the great variety in the quality of the
soil. Almaos" every mile square is of a different
kind and quality. The tract of c- untry immedi-
ately in the fear of this place, lying between the
Perdid,) and th. Escambia, is a l .,ng narrow strip,
aver 'ugi'ng ten miles in width by sixty-in lengtiu-
toe road passing ioong the riiigsp which separates
the waters oi these two strea,,is. We find very
extensive flats, but in general the surface is agree-
ably varied. E.'ety few miles .we meet with a
pond of water, filled with a close thicket of the
shrubs of the southern regions, and the hirdep
siOrt. funded by high grass and a variety of beauti-
,fu flowers. At muse distant intervals we cross
streams of water, borderca in like manner by
besides an immense number of smaller prizes.
No prize !ess than 13 dollars. Not two blanks to a
. Whole tickets '13 00 1 Quart-rs 3 25
Halves 6 -5u I ,hit. 1 621
All orders dated previ,- o .be rise will be supplied
at S13, aid wil meet .i v !ntual attention as it person-
al application was made, addressed I,
D. GILLESPI- *'
Fortune ate ij/ice,
Pennsylvania avenue, Washington clv.
N.B. Tickets for sale in the reod Nation Lotte-v by J.
B. .Vood, Providence. R. 1.; Mesisrs. 'i *- .. & ixenouf, Mo.
79, ta. e street, Hlostens and Moses Davis, Portland,
For sale, Maryland State tickets at S15
do do Ui;ver-iit> 10
do New York Literature 13
nov 17- G S
in length, by ab'.,ui two in width, and receives at
the upper end, the Choctaw River, or Chucta-
hatchy, o0 which there is much good laud, .and
settlements rapidly formiiing. Boats of .-II hi:.i.
pass through it, and cross over to Pensacola,
whose market has area ;y derived considerable
supplies from that quarter. TIhe country lying
between the bay of Pensacola and the sound, is
in the shape of a triangle, and very abundantly
supplied with streams of water ;. bu the soil is
of the same kind with the pine woods in gene-
ral, at least so far as it has been explored ; for I
entertain no doubts there are spots to be met
AL TVd5LlIIgtUII `i.;ltJY,, L UAI'~it IL VYU^yU lI"
ENGLAND AND FRANCE.
rOM A LATE LONLDO PwAPER.
Many good people in this country, many of
our readers, and a great majority, perhaps, of our
reformers, conceive that France, in receiving the
Bourbons to the throne,-has lost all the benefits
and prospccfs of the revolution. This is so far
from being true, that we should perhaps be jus-
tified in asserting that, the benefits of the revo-
lution are reconciling the French to the restora-
tion of the Bourbons." The immensely multi-
plied number of proprietors of land, which took
place at the commencement of the revolution in
France, constituted a change in the condition of
society, infinitely greater than the elevation or fall
of dynasties; or the success or defeat of monar-
chy on the one hand ; or republicanism on the
other. We believe, indeed, what.general Foy
asserted in spirit, to the chamber of deputies-
that Napoleon's government was the only one
that the people liked, or which was adapted
'to their character or their taste. We will take a
fact.established by the best English and French
writers : about one half of the whole thirty-five
millions of the population of France are proprie-
tors of the soil: while in England not more than
one-sixth are proprietors, in a population of nine
millions and a half. This fact alone constitute-
an almost inconceivable difference in ihe condi-
tion of the two nations. It is true the Courier
and the quarterty Review will describe the per-
sons and appearances of these French proprietors
-man and wife working in -the field together:
and contrast their homes and comforts with the
neat English cottage, and busy house-wife, with
its domestic neatness,' kc. which those sleek and
comfortable gentlemen so well know how to do ;
and it is a very easy task to darken the shades in
one picture, and heighten the colors of another.
But the evils of English society are moving up-
wards: they are advancing to that. point from
which the French revolution took up its terrible
elements. It is particularly deserving of notice,
too, that the aristocracy of this kingdom are sece-
ding from their natural and constitutional posi-
tion between the crown and the people; and join-
ing the former in his apprehensions and defences
against the latter. This were a convincing prool
that tvhe pillars of our form of government are
breaking down ; and that the whole frame of so-
cietyis undergoing the most ominous change.
In respect to our approximation to the state
of France, previous to the revolution, we will
quote two remarkable instances.
The revenue of France, in the period alluded
to,became such a perfectly mystified system
that those who professed to regulate it, and direct
is provisions, could not comprehend its opera-
tion: and when M. Neckar.made out its scale of
defection at l,1i :''iiii-lhis successor, immedi
ately ar.l' .'itjds, Saiild it at eighty millions!
The rcuer.ue ,r CL-at Britain is equally mys-
tified, butinfinitely more enormous, and, in its ope-
rations, proportionally incomprehensible, A state-
ment of the revenue is dressed up to the eye
contrasted with itself at different times, but par.
ticular periods-but never in reference to its true
and distinct objects ; just as we would measure
the health of a patient, who has been in a bad and
d.:, i-ors way for twenty years! And we begin
by saying he is alive now-which is as much as
he was sixteen years ago-and therefore he is in
s (i. oi m,-l' a u'ay now as he was then This
ri i.: aL tLnent of the doctors who get their; feet
as long as they are retained in his service; and
knowing the patient's fortune, would keep him
alive, and make a merit of that, as long as he can
pay them. Now we will give his, (John Bull's,)
doctors the credit to say, that if he were now poli
tically, to die as a grub ; and. fate had already
spun the shroud of the sleeping Chrysolite--
they, the said doctors, would be the first, on his
resuscitation in a changed nature, to admire his
revolutionary wings, and congratulate him on
his political resurrection if there were a hope
that they might continue to be the family physi.
In the next place, looking into the history o
France, we find that, among the earliest symp
toms of the disease, is a difficulty of collecting the
taxes. It seemed," says a writer,-" as if all the
p, %e rs of the state conspired their own ruin.'
The, collecting of taxes formed an odious and ri
gorous Inquisition ; and the magistrates, at length
declared to the people, that they could not sane
tion the excessive imposts of the govcrnme.t
certain expressions, characteristic of the condi
tion of the people, were made in the parliament o
Paris, and gave a cue to the spirit of the times
and, France revolutionized, at a moment, like to
the present in England, when'efforts were beinf
made to ameliorate political evils; but whicl
efforts were beginning, at the wrong end. We
are partially attending to the corrupt state
of the representation, which is not partially, bu
generally corrupt; and should, therefore, be ge
nerally, and not partially, attended to: we have
coutaiinee of agriculture sitting, composed o
two ela'i"s of men; neither of which have any in
tIi;est in i b vir the present sufferers; but ar
both endeavoring to ward off the evil from th
apparently destined succeeding sufferers.,
The Eriglish peasant will in a short time b
annihilated; every hour of the present state o
things is confiscating his capital, or driving him
with the remnnantof his.fortunes, to cultivate othe
lands. The consequence is, that every hour-th
taxes continue to be shifted from the shoulder
'of the many to the few, and become more intole
rable with every day's experience.
The question of the aristocracy is, which sid
they siall take : and some are falling into th
lines of the minister; and some. are joining th
people. JVecessity is working this change; op
nionis comparatively powerless ; for the great
mass of society are moved by their interests, an
not by their opinions. The moment that the ou
posts of government shall appeal to the people
against the odious office of a monstrous and ty
rannous system of taxation-the existence of ou
political c.'mpact will be it stake. It is the mi'
fortuneofthe people-not their fault-that
--- --. The hours
Are silently engendering of that day."
In France, previous to the revolution, their
was the same difference its the laws,the administr
tion of them, as the passions and prejudices
the ultras in England, are virtually making
them here, That which is fair discussion in Lo
d.on, is -su:lion 11 that country ; and' law punish
in one country that which it encourages and pr
tects in another. The people see through these
vagaries of power; and learn, in their contem
of a part, to despise the whole. Previous to th
meeting of the present session, we had numerous
and confident rumours oEsome fatal and decisive' THE OLDEN TIME.
attack on the press. Nothing, however, was done
by law ; but the effect of Mr. Hone's works put There is in course of publication, in the Bos-
the corruptionists on., their mettle; and though ton Gazette, the long-hoarded literary treasures se
they were as intangible to prosecution as a Lon- of an accurate observer's Common-place-book, S.
don fog, which would disappear before an indict- giving us an amusing view of the society and
ment could be drawn up-an elaborate system of giving us ao son i rather less than a century
counteraction, consequent on them, was promot- m rs of somewhat, it will be seen, fro c
ed ; and there came forth a series of works- ago-Idiffering-somewhat,it will be seen, from co
flippant, argumentative and caricatural-in con- those of the present day. These -sketches, one Li
travention ot Cruikshank's and ballad rhymes! of the numbers of which will be found below, are ti
The John Bull aud other papers, were sent appropriately headed thfa
forth from the same funds; and lords and com- REMINIsCENCES. i
mons became correspondents, availing them- Dress, &e.-Seventy years ago cocked hats, r'
selves of the hospitalities of life, to hoard slander Drgs, nd red cloaks, were the usual dress of t
and calumny against different hntihies of the.p- wigs, and red cloaks, were the usual dress of he
and calumny against different families ofhe gentlemen ; boots were rarely seen, except among a
position; and spit it forth in these vehicles, which gentlemen; b Shoe strings were worn only seen, except among a
my Lord Castlereagh (we beg pardon, the Mar- tlse y me not buy any sort of buckles. Inby ar
quis of Londonderry) admits that he read from w h ou d ot re used, made stiff with v
winter round coats were used, made. st*.ff with
curiosity." This confession speaks volumes: buciram; they came down tothekneesI in front.t
and to illustrate the thing, the noe Marquis Before the revolution boys wore wigs and si
asks, at the end of his speech, if the opposition Bfcoked hats ; and boys of genteel families wore s
had never read Mr. Hione's works?" We want- cocked hats till within about thirty years.
ed no her c .uirination ih.t John Bull and his Ball dress for. gentlemen was silk coat, and
coadjutors are the political puppets of power. breeches of the same, and embroidered waist- e
Look at the scale and character of the advertise- coats-sometimes white satin breeches. Buckles A
ments of their infa papers They are a premium on of their were fashionable till within 15 or 20 years, and a fr(
their infamy; and a great portion o their pro- man could not have remained in a ball room with.
ceeds comes from the public purse. All this is shoestrings. It was usual for the bride, bride- w
the beginning of anarchy; and the Bridge street sot in m aids, ans smen attending, to go to b t
SCensorship has placed itself as the vanguard of 'g ,a tomiether three successive Suandays ater .i
It is said that even now the very name of ars- gentleman who deceased not long since, appear et
tocracy is capable of exciting an insurrection in nday in white broad cloth- e se .
France; yetare the higher orders in tis country cond in blue and ,,Id-h'l third in peach-bloom it
Advancing precisely to the same invidious and and pearl buttons. It was a custom to hang the fit
despotic privileges, which called down odium and escutcheon of a deceased head of a family out of b
ignominy on the French noblesse. This is the ef- the window over the front door, from the time of ro
feet of old associations of ideas. At present, he his decease until after the funeral. The last in- cr
French have not any aristocracy that is deserving stance which is remeberedof this was in the
of that name! and they have mostly lost sight of case of ov Hancock's uncle, 1764. Copies of
- liberty, amid a scene of gener-al competence and .e eGutcheon. painted on black silk, were more
ta ulte t m i a u ,escutcheon,, hinted on black silk, were more. te
tranquillity. "The political machine among our anciently distributed amon the pall-bearers- a
neighbors," savs a writer, is, -at this m'ommentanciently distribute(] among the pall-bearers-.at
neighbors," says a writer, is,. at this moment, rings afterwards-and, until iihhir, a few years, ci
of a very simple construction, consisting of two ri-gs afterwards-acd,*uttl ihin a Jewvyears',el
of averysimple construction, consisting of tw gloves. Dr. A. Eliot had a mug full of rings ti
unconnected and opposite powers-the people, which were nreented to him at funerals. Till hi
a promiscuou mass, in one sc.e-he king anl within about 20 years gentlemen wore -powder, ly
army in the other." In England, there are three d man of them sat from.30 to40 minutes every ti
Swe Iknown powers united against the constitu- day tnder the harbor's hands, to have their hair i-,
F tional representation of the people in parliament scraped ; suffering e ic-'s.i l.i ,le pMin most of sr
e vih i .h al the change that England requires. the time from hair-.,iil" .aI a .imeimen tfrom q
- The elective liberties here are mostly an adden- the ot ieuring ton's. Crane cushions and hoops h
da to the:-fortunes and privileges.of the arbitrary 'ere uindispensg e in fgll dresscu till within about h
community of rank and wealth; and the only pow. years. oetimes ladies were dressed the a
I erful obstacles to the increasing tyranny of m day before the party, and slept in easy chairs, to u
nied oligarchy, is the nationaltdebt--the faithful y befor their hair t cond slept in easy chairs,o to u
I ally of the reformers in all weathers.ethirair in fit coniion for the following
Lord Liverpool has attributed tihe distress of nhct. lMo:,t ladies went to parties on foot, if
the country to the abda bestowed upon us they could not get a cas't in a friend's carriage ol' a'
by Providence! an argument that forms an admi- chaise. Gentlemen rarely had a chance to ride. h
f rable addition to the uncomprehended and incom- hers o latest dinner hour was t dined croc-
- prelmensible policy of mitisters; butlet tus sup- .Imeis o rthe colonial government dined latr oc-
prehensible policy of ministers; but let us sup- casionally. In genteel families ladies went to ti
y upon the people, in ty offd represent almost udden- drink tea about 4 o'clock, and rarely staid after
-lyupon the people, in the present almost univer- cam'le light in summer. It vas the fashion for fi
- sal defection of employment, trebling the pre- cartel ght in summer, It was the fashion for fi
Sdefection of empoynt, treband appalling the p- ladies to propose to visit-not to be sent for. te
sent enormous poor-rates, and appalhng our The drinking ofpunch in the forenoon,in pub- r
streets and highways with the cries of hunger. li ho c c
SIn such a dilemma tdie poor could not be fed, anid lc hoss was a common practice with the most s
Sthe taxes could not be paid; and we should find resoectable men, till about five and twenty years ; fi
ourselves on the threshold of a furious revolution. ,and evenii clubs were verve common. 1tle lat- a
I Yet, according to Lord Liverpool's theory, we ter, It is said, were me ore common, formerly, as a
should, in such case, be in a thriving way. lie they affotored the meann of communion on the b
s is tow 'exiposed'to thCe impottrnitica ohe tionetel tatc orf the country.- Dinner parties were very 1
is now exposed into the importuiies o thamoneved r are. Wite was very little in use ; convivial u
anld landed interests: and he fancies, that, if he parties '-ank -unch or toddy, 'Half-hoots came n
could but get rid of these plagues, the people are i.to fashion aut 30 years ao.. Tle first pah" h
s too far removed from him to become personally to fahinn aBotit 30 years ao. The first pair h
I troublesome. The time, however, is approach- that appeairdl in Boston were worn bv a young w
i ing, when his lordship must take either the land- gentleman who came here fiom New Yorlh, and
holder or fundholder by the hand, for one must who wns moreire kahile fr his hnots tbn any a
go to the wall in the end; and, whenever the elec- thin, else. Wihin 20 years gentlemen wore c
tion takes place, one great power in the state will scarlet coats with black velvet colla-s, and very v
Sgo over to the people costly buttons of mock pearl, cut steel, or paint- a
-. The English poor houses begin to bear a stronger glass-and neckchths edo-ed with lace, and a
resemblance to the ancient French depots de lce ruffles over the hands Beore the revo'lu- b
s mendicite. Poverty, vice, and crime, are all hud- tion, from 5 to 6001 was the utmost of annual c
Died together. A complication of fatald diseases c-xpenditre in those families where carriaes and s
are making inroads on the vitality of the country; correspondent domestics were kept. There were
- and the legislature, precisely as in the case ofo' nhy two or three cart es, that is, chariots, or V
France, under the old regime, is attending only coaches, in 1750. Chaises on four wheels, not i
f to freckles and pimples on the body politic. The phaetons, were in use in families of distinction. t
allegiance of the lower cLsses is, we are appre- The history of Liberty, Tree is said to be this :
-. allegiance of the lower clssesis, we are appre- That a certain Capt. McIntosh illuminated the I
e hensive, little better than a name; there is an in- That a certain Capt. McIntosh illuminate the
e fection of discontent that runs through he main tree, and hun upnn it effigies of obnoxious char- t
body of the people; and the political character act'ers, andbhrat these weretaken down by e. e
- and conduct of the more subordinate agents of liberty boys and burnt; & the tree thus got its name. t
, power, have fomented this feeling a thousand The Popes-A stage wa erected on wheels d,
- times more than the mere agents of government on this stage was placed a figure in the chair,
; itself! Severity never changes thIe opi ion of men; called the Pope ; behind him a emale fir, in
- it only inflames the cause of discontent, by d ri the attitude of dancing, whom they called Nancy t
- it only inflback the symptoms."e of discovery quietest Dawson ; behind her Admiral Byng hanging on
, of the present period has so thing ominous a allows ; and behind him the Devil. A similar
o about it. The smothered curses of the farmers, composition was made at the south-end, called
g whose capital employed on the land, has under- south-end Pope. In the day time the proces-
Sgone a species of confiscation between the de-- sions, each drawing with them their Popes and
e meander of rent and the demander of taxes-are their attendants, met and passed each other, on
e nerig te most unnatural en t r the mill or draw bridge, very civilly ; but in the
e generatinig the most unnatural enmity to govern- een they met at t am o 4t nd b
t ment. Where will ministers find a bold yeoman- evening they met at the same points, and battle
- ry cavalry in the course of another year ? Pet- ensued with fists, sticks, and stones ; and one or
a haps the agricultural committee will answer the the other ofthe Popes was captured. The north.
i question end Pope was never taken buitt once, and then the
Squeo. ca-atain had been early wounded and taken from
a WARRENTON FEMALE ACADEMY. the fieLd. These Pope conflicts were held in
e memory of the powcler-plot of Nov. 5, and were
Reduction of Terms. some sort of imitation of what was done in Eng-
e ]H terms forthe session, commencing the first Mon, land on the same anniversary.
f 1 day inhannary, 1822. will be 60, being 20 per cent. man used to ride on an ass, with immense
less than heretofore. This sum will pay for board, wash jack boots, and his face covered with a horrible
' ing, asd tuition in leading, Writing, Arithmetic, Gram- mask, and was called Joyce, Jr. His office was
r mar and Parsing, Geography, History, Mythliology.Belles to assemble men and boys in mob style, and ride
e Lettres, chymistry, Natural Philosophy, and Astronomy. in the middle of them, and in such company to
. will also be instructed in Zoolgy and Botany, terrify the adherents to royal government, before
Pens and ink, paper, &c. are supplied by the princi. the Revolution. The tumults which resulted in
pals, and for. these a regular charge ofrS2 50 per session the massacre, 1770, was excited by such means.
e is made. All thie requisite books may also be had at the Joyce, Junior, was said to have a particular whis.
e usual store prices; besides which, no extra expenses are te which brought together his adherents, k.
e allowed to be inmcarred, excepting such as may be au-' which r ht together his adherents, &c.
i. thorized by parents or guardians. whenever they wer- wanted.
In this Seminary there are three gentlemen and one About 1730 to 1740, there was no meat miar-
at lady. con.stantlyengaged in teaching those branches that ket; there were only tour stops in which fresh
d :are included in the first charge. A competent appara- meat was sold-one of them was the corner of
t- tusas employed for the purpose of illustration in Natu State-street and Cornhill, where Mr. HIar-tshorn
1e ral Philosophv and Chymistry; also, a pair of large globes ;r
Sfor Geography, and a very complete orrery for Astrono- now keeps. Gentlemen used to go the day be-
Smy. Familiar lectures, accompanied by experiments, fore and have their names put down for what they
are I'requ-ntl, ,elfiered:to the whole school. wanted. Outside of this shop was a large hook,
s- The pupilall bar.l with the principals, and regular- on which carcasses used to hang. A little man
ly attenddivine service every sabbath. e Peace,.came one day for
5fusicand Drawing have their respectiveteachers,and vio was a Justice othe Peace,came one day fot
form separate charge. There are three excellent Pia.. meat ; but came too late. He was disappointed,
tno Fortes kept for the use of the pupils; and un this, as' and asked to whom such and such pieces were to
Swell as other departments, the.course of instruction is go ? One of them was to go to a tradesmtian-(it
a- solid and radical, nothing being taught by way of cate- ., ,s-,[ a common thingin those days for trades-
in Payment to be made each session in advance. men to eat fresh meat-)tho Justice went out,
n. The first session intthe year ends early in June, when saying, he would send the tradesman a salad for
es there-is an examination, but no vacation; the second his lamb. He sent an overdue and unpaid tax-
session ends in the.middle of November, when there is a bill. Soon after, the tradesman met the Justice
o- vacation until January. near this place, and told him he would return his
se Each lady is to bring with ber a coverlid, a pair of kindness; which he did, by hanging the Justice
pt blankets sheet, and towels. kindness ; which he did, by hanging the Justice
pt blankets, sheet, and t JOSEPH ANDtREWS, up by the waistband of his breeches to the butch-
ae THOS. P. JONES, her's hook, and leaving hinm to get down as he
us Warrenton, N, C. sept 29-wt jan 1 Princij,'.. could.
REMARKABLE EFFECTS OF LIGHTNhING.
M. Trencalye, Vicar-General of Digne, has
nt the following narrative to the Academy of
sciences at Paris. He remarks that the light
n'g struck the church while the bells were ring-
The village of Chateauneuf is situated in the
immune of Digne, in the department of the
power Alps, southeast of the little town of Mous-
ers, which is known for a very excellent manu-
ctory of earthenware. The village stands on
e extreme point of one of the first Alps, which
se amphitheafrically above Moustiers. It ccn-
ins, besides the church and parsonage, fourteen
)uses, on an eminence which is cut off by the
igles of'two othei mountains, one on the east,
nd the other thb west. The interval which di-
des the village from'the mountain to the east, is
narrow and deep that the sight of it inspires
error ; 105 scattered huts, chiefly on the east
de of ,he mountain, contain a population of o500
On Sunday, July 11th, 1819, M. Salonne, cler-
ymnian of Moustiers and Episcopal commission-
r, came to Chateaineuf to induct a new rector.
bout half an hour past ten, the procession went
om the parsonage to the church. The weather
as fine, only there was some heavy clouds in
te sky. The new rector hIad begun the celebra-
on of mass. A young man, eighteen years of
ge, was singing the epistle, when three claps of
i nder were heard, instantaneously succeeding
ich other. The mass book was torn out of his
aids and rent to pieces: he felt the flame' on his
ody, which'soon caught' him by t'he neck. At
rst he cried aloud; but he now closed his mouth
y an involuntary motion, was thrown down, and
rolled towards the people assembled' in the
church, who also sunk upon the ground, and were
as out of the door of the church-(Toutes les
ersonnes 'rassemblees dans l'eelise avoient ete
errasiees et jetees ainsi hours la porte) As soon
s he came to himself, he returned into the
church, where he found the clergyman of Mous-
ers quite senseless. He immediatelycalled to
is assistance some persons who were only slight-
Swounded : they lifted up the clergyman, ex-
nguishcd his upper garments, which wereburn-
ig, and' by means of vinegar restored him to his
enses in two hours. lie vomited a considerable
u: atity of blood. He affirmed that lie had not
heard the thunder, and indeed knew nothing of
hat had passed. He was carried to the parson-
ge house. The electric fluid had struck'the
pper part 'of the gold trimming of his stole;
'hence it descended, tore off one of his shoes,
whichh 'it threw to the other end 4-f the church,
nd broke five metal buckle. The chair on which
e sate was also broken to pieces.
On the second day after the event, the cler-
yman was conveyed to his own house at Mous-
Lers, where it was two months before his wounds
'ere perfectly healed. He had a wound, some
fingers broad, on the right shoulder, another ex-
ended from the middleof the back,part of the
ight upper arm, to the middle of the exterior
ide of the lower arm ; a third deep wound wen:
-m the middle of thebackpart of the left upper
rm, to the middle of the back part ofthe lower
rm on the same side; a fourth, less considera-
le and shallower, was on the outer side of the
power part ofthe left shoulder; and a fifth, on the,
pper lip, near the nose. He was tormented for
early two mouths by a total deprivation of sleep;
he felt his arms lamed, and, since that time, al-
ways suffers by the changes of the weather.,
A little child was torn out of its mother's arms,
nnd thrown to the distance of six paces ; it re-
overed in the open air. The legs of every indi-
idual felt lamed ; the terrified women presented
dismal spectacle. The church was filled with
thick black smoke, so that objects could only
be distinguished by the glare of the flames pro-.
ceeding from the clothes which the lightning had
et on fire.
Eight persons were killed on the spot. A young
woman of nineteen years of anv was carried home
Fi1OM TiHE FRANKLIN, 'PIllt.) (-7T.TTF.
William Pool and two other c.amireh l.'ely de-
serted from the Boston brig \V.shston, C'apiain
Dolivar, onher arrival at Pi,:hmonrd iHi Virginia.
On comnplaint of the captain of the vessel, Jo-
seph Mayo, Esq. a magistrate of that city, com-
mitted the seamen to jail under an act of Con-
gress. They were then brought up beforeJudge
Brackenbrough, upon a writ of habeas corpus.
Mr. Scott aid Mr. Riddle, the counsel for the
seamen, claimed their discharge upon the ground,
1. That the magistrate acted judicially in committing.
2. That, acting judicially, the m'nagistrate of a state has,
no rigInht to execute the law of the United States.
3. That, whether acting judicially or ministerially, the
laws of Virginia have declared the incapacity of the
magistrate to perform any function or duty appertain-
ing" to any office, place, or appointment, under the
authority of the United States.
The judge determined to adjourn the case to
the general court, it being of novelty and impor-
tance, and in the mean time admitted the sea-
men to bail.
This case at Richmond brings into. question
the power of a Virginia magistrate to enforce
a law of the United States. The point has been
elsewhere agitated, and is, therefore, not entirely
a new affair. But the consequences to which it
leads are somewhat curious and pernicious, and
perhaps not generally adverted to. There is no "
doubt that the law, which relates to the service
of seamen, is the law of Virginia. There is no
hacknied doubt of constitutionality. It is merely
a question whether that state will permit ker jts-
tic's of the peace to act under a law of the Uni-
ted States. A refusal to do so leaves the law al.
most a nullity, for the United States have no ju-
dicial officers of the description of justices of the
peace; and if the judges of the Supreme and.
District Courts may be supposed to have the
powers of ordinary justices of the peace, they are
so few in number, that, nine times in ten, the ad-
ministration of justice would fail for .the want of
officers to officiate in the incident stages of pro*
Ifa law of the United States is, unrqijiv calll,
a lawvwithin the state of Virginia, one 0 -ild think
that, as a niatter of. course, the Virginia magis-
tracy were bound to enforce it ; or that, at any
rate, they might do so much for the sake of cour-
The reason assigned for this course of con-
duct is, that the state and general governments
may be kept more distinct from each other, and
the state be thereby the better secured from an
apprehended contamination. But mark the op-
posite probable consequences.
i'he undoubted and constitutional laws of the
'United States must be enforced. The Virginia
magistracy are prohibited from enforcing them.
The United States, therefore, will be driven to
the necessity of appointing justices of the peace
of their own within the state. Here, then, are
new and numerous ,channels of influence. pos-
sessed by the general government, tending to de-,
fe t :hec very object for which the RichmoAl po-
li:iu,:ns say they are laboring.
Again : The people, who are quite as much
interested in the preservation of the general gov-
ernment as they are in that of any state, seeing
that there is no end to petty cavils about state
rights and state authority, will incline more and
more to the general government; they will aban-
don the querulous politicians who make a formal
question of every small affair, and they will take
refuge under that national-authority which is
comparatively steady, mild, and tranquil.
These dangers to state rights are not ideal;
and, in our opinion, it is highly impolitic to be
making questions on every trifling occasion, and
without urgent necessity. We recommend our
Virginia friends to a re-perusal of the fable of the
shepherd boy, who cried Wolf! so often that no.
body would at length mind him.
n a state of insensibility, and died the following Mistaken views of Religion.-One cause which
morning, in dreadful agonies, as her loud lamen- irr pedes the reception of religion, even among
nations evinced. The number of the killed were the well disposed, is that garment of sadness.in
therefore, nine, and that of the wounded eighty- which pc.-ple delight to suppose herdressed; and
two. a life of hard, pining abstinence, which they pre-
The priest who read mass was not touched by tend she enjoins on her disciples. And it were
the lightning, probably because he wore a silk well if this were the only misreoresentations of
diess. her declared enemies; but, unhappily,it is the.too
All the dogs that were in the church were frequent misconception ofher injudicious friends.
Found dead, in the position in which they were at But such an over-charged picture is not more
the moment. A woman who was in a hut on the unamiable than it is unlike ; for I will venture to
Bairbin mountain, to the west of Chateauneuf, affirm that religion, with all her beautiful and
saw three masses of fire descend in a rapid suec- becoming.sanctity, imposes fewer sacrifices, not
cession, which seemed as if they would destroy only of rational, but of pleasurable, enjoyment,
the whole village. It is probable that the light- than the uncontrolled dominion of whatever vice.
ning first struck the cross on the steeple ; it was Her service is not only perfect, safety but free-
found in the cleft of a rock. at the distance of six- domr. She is not so tyrannizing as Passion, so
teen metres. The electric fluid then passed exacting as the world, nor so despotic, as. Fash-
throtugh a vent which it made in the ceiling of ion. Let us try the case by a parallel, and. exa.
the church. The pulpit was split to pieces. In mine it, not as affecting our virtue, but our plea.
the church there witas a hollow or channel, half a sure. Does Religion forbid the cheerful enjoy-
mile in breadth, which passed tinder the fouinda- ments of life, as rigorously as Avarice forbids
tion of the church, arid extended to the pavement them ? Does she require such sacrifices of our
of thie street. A second went to a stable, lower ease as Ambition ; or such renunciations- of our
down, where five sheep and a man were found quiet as Pride ? Does Devotion murder sleep
dead. like Dissipation ? Does she destroy health like
Intemperance ? Does she annihilate fortune like
Whimsical interruption.- hen Dr. Beadoni Gambling ? Does she embitter life like Discord;
wa s Ethm nrKenthen tt he or abridge.it like Duelling ? Does Religion im.
was Rector of Eltham, in Kent, the text lie onehan Suspicion or half so
.day undertook to preach from was, Who art many mortifications as Vanity ? Vice has her
ho A fter read m th et ex h m a g alt wa s martyrs, and the most austere and ascetick, (who
his custom) a pause, for the congregation to re- mistakes the genius o Christianity almost as her
fleet upon the words; when a gentleman, in a enemy) never tormented herset with such cruel
military dress, who at that instant was marching ene y,) n.evertometed erset with such c uel
sedately up the middl-- e aisle of t chumr, and causeless severity, as that with which Envy
very sedately up the middle aisle f he chur acerates her unhappy votaries. .Worldly honor
supposing it a question addressed to him, to te obliges us to be at the trouble of resenting inju-
surprise of all present, replied, I am, sir, an ries, but religion spares us that inconvenience, by
th-er o the sixteenth egimaat o foot, n a re- commnding us to forgive them and, this in
(I unt1ig! jarty'here; and, having brought my wife
S aty hee; and having brought w e junction, consults our happiness no less than our
i.'thmil) with me,l wish tobe acquainted wlth e-virtue; for thetormentofconstantly hatinganymust
neighboring clergy and gentry. nthis so (e- be atleast equal to thesin of it. If this estimate be
ranged the divine, and astonished the conmareg- de,then is the balance clearly on the
tion, that, though they attempted to ith ide of Religion, even in the article of pleasure.
decorum, the discourse was not proceeded in rPortland Statesman.
without considerable difficulty.
THtIS is to give notice, that the subscribers, John Jen.
IN CHANCERY-Oc.ober 6th, 1821. kins, of the District of CIlumbia, a`-d George Jen.
Prince George's County Court. --kins, of Prince George's C., .',. in Md. bve obtained
William Elson Peach and others, for the sale of the real from the Orphaas' opurt of Prince George's .County, in
estate of Richard Peach, decez:-ed, tnder his will; *. nmd, letters ofadministration on the personal estate
01)RDERED that the sale reported by Samuel Peach, -'- ti\l1'-'"n Jenkins, late of Prince George's county, de-
Trustee for the sale of thte rea tst:;te of Riclmardl ceased.
Peach, be ratified and confirmed on the first day ot Janui- All persons having claims against the- -'dd deceased
4ry next, provided no e:ie lbe shewn to the contrary on are hereby:warned to exhibit the same, wi.!' the vouch.
or before that day, and tuis"order b2 published in the ers liereof, to the subscribers, at n, betfre Ut 22d day
National IntetHgencer six weeks successively previous- of September next ; they .may otherw';e, by lhii, be ex-
ly thereto. luided from all benefit ofthe said estate.
The Trustee reports the proceeds dl' sale to be Z7975 tGiven u ine our hands this 29th dayi of October, 1821.
87-L cents.. JON JeKI. aS,
Test : IAQUILA ~T A.l. l-k, GEtRPL. ,JlE '..'S,
nov 3--w6w toct 30 -wf-w adini:nistrao.
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