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National intelligencer
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00034
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: September 29, 1821
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00034
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text









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WASHINGTON, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1821.


Nop'. 32fY


I


NOTICE TO CiAINMANTS.

Washington, Sept. '26, 1821.
I tC iiiii'Ii~lC~, pjIJ~Intei4 icc~riii.' It


Article of the Treaty of Amity, Settlement, and
Limits, between the United States of America
and his Catholic Majesty, concluded at Wash-
ington, on the 22d day of February, 1819, to as-
certain the full amount and validity of the c riinri
mentioned or referred to in the maid treatv.--hav-.
ing, at their present session, duly examined all,
the memorials of claimss, filed with the Secretary


T' Board of Conmmi sion rs on Spauis of the Board, on and before the 10th instant, in
t. v ill lc secn by the notification in to. Pursuance of the orders made by the Board on
&- it. 1illheseen 'y the notification in to-ithe 14th of Junetla and having disposed of
d.) hav, adjourned until January next, the 1th ofune nd
having ac d, !fuaily or partially, on all the claims the same as to the m. tiecd right; but having
filed Mfr exa % wina*in. The number filed, o n reasons to believe t -ere may be other claims,
teile fr me nialatof w. numveberot yet been pre-
derstanrl, exceeded hundred, of which ma-
r scnted-nor hav ing b) .r-snited, have riot been
ny are reserved for 2ant and furt her consi-
deration. WeXV ho en, in a few days, eCived -y .'. ,r'- e" ,
a summary v. .. : meoria ad 5 -c i 'ivcs in the I----... therefore, .
the grounds of their rejection or suspcrisdkn, 'by Order, That .1 I" r!ns aviVg claiits which are
t Board. to 'e received by this.ComtnissioA, memnorials ofd
which have not yet been liifkd with the Secrcaryv;
r'tlg MISStSSIsPI'1' IrIVE R. ori being filed, have not been received by I'tL
Extract of a leti'ter. Board, at itspreseni session, ib the reasons above
Agreeably to your reque,,t I here give the (stated-do file a memorial oftthi same with the Se-
width cti the Mississippi tiver at several points, cretary. previous to the first.1.Monday in January
between ititoude 31 an i is, (the north boundary next ; to the end that they niay be then duly cx-
of Loi.siana,)a d4 i stance of about 200 miles by amiued, and the validity and amount thereof deC
water, m iasured by Isaac Briggs in 1806, who cided upon, according to the suitable and authen-
was then Surveyor of United States' lands'south tic testimony of the sane. which may be required :
of Tennessee. And that each of the said -..;emorials,now required
The width, depth, banks, and channel, of this to be filed, shall be prepared and verified, in con-
river ate variable, and constantly changing. In forinity with the directions prescribed in the s:aiid
some places the changes are slowly progressive ; orders of the Board, made on the 1 iill of Jute
in others sudden and extensive. These -ch:ges last.
arise from the depth, rapidity, and quantity of its And, that further time may, be allowed to
waters, flowing, or raeier precipitated, in tumb- claimants, to prepare and file.their memorials as
ling whirlpools, through a vast extent of deep, above directed,it is
soft, alluvial soil, the surface of which is covered Ordered, That, when the Board shall adjourn
with a close, compact growth of strong cane, this day, it will adjourn to meet again on the
(arundo gigantea,) from 30 to 40 feet in height, first JNonday in January next: at which time, it
interspersed with a growth of the largest timber, will proceed to decide- whether any imiemorials
'whose majestic height and dimensions seem to which may have been filed with the Secretary,
bear a similar proportion to the timber of other before that day, in pursuance of the above order.
,places that the Mississippi bears to other rivers, shall be received for examination.
Whole acres of the banks, to a considerable And, in order that some further disposition may
depth, frequently tumble into'the river at differ- speedily be made of such memorials as havy:,
cut places, through its whole extent from' the during the present session, been suspended for
Missouri downwards. This soil and timber are i gument, at the request of the claimants, it is.
hurried along by the impetuous current to the 'irther
Gulf of Mexico, where the accumulation of mud Ordered, That the argument, in each case,
and timber propelled by the, momentum of the which hath been so suspended, be filed with the
current, has produced an extension of the river ISecretary, tn or before the said first Monday in

which fresh water of the river has been taken up Ordered, That'a copy of these orders '-e pu!)-
alongside of ships at sea. listed, by the Secretary of thle Board, in the Na-
WVidth of the 1Mississippi in 1806.. tional Intelligencer.
At Fort Adams, near the 31st degree Yards. T. WATKINS,
0. latitude, 88462 'ecreti'ary to the Commln.son.
Atof latcheitude, 86 884.62 ner tid he lilt .lrticle ofthic tireaq-wih Spain.
At Natchez, 862.84 8 "
SAt Walnut Hills, 942.92
Near and below the mouth of Yazoo, 942.82 LATEST FROM ENGLAND.
do above do 1384.00
At latitude 33 degrees, 844.36 uiosrox, sFpsr. 22.
At many places between 31st deg. and 33d By the Herald, from Liverpool, we hbae re-
deg. the width is from 30 to 90 chains-seldon, ceived our regular London files and lists, to the
more than 80 chains. Perhaps a tolerably correct l8th Aucust.
average width of the river would be about 45 War bad not been declared between' Russia
chains, or from 900 to 1000 yards. The depth and Turkey ; and the latest and most authentlic
a r o 0 to 1 y T d advices make it highly probable that no war willi
is not well known, nor is it easily determined; itadvices mae it highly probable tht no war wi
is, perhaps, from 20 to 30 fathoms. Below the ensue. It is true, the interrupted good under-
31st degree the depth and rapidity of the river are standing between these two powers had not been
greatly diminished by a number of outlets or restored:-But in the negotiation th Emperor
aAlexander had delivered an Ultimaturm so mode-
passes, through which the waters flow from the Alexander had delivered an Ultih Sutnso mode-
river to the ocean. These passes are, Chafalaye, rate and pacific, that the Turkish Sultan must be
Tlayuemin, J.lanchac, Ibervrile, La Fourche, madman to reject it.
&c, &c." The merchants in Odessa, the principal Rus-
sian port in the Black Sea, say positively that
FROM M1h IN I.I. VIDEO AND BtUENOS AYIRES. there will be -no war between Russia and Tur
key.
Extract of a letter to ite Editors of the Norfolk The columns of the British papers are almost
MHerald, dated exclusively devoted to three national objects-
MON'TE VIDEO, JUNE 9, 1821. namely ;The voyage of the King to Ireland
Buenos Ayres has been in an unsettled state, and his reception there :--Th funeral obse.
ev.ing to.an expected invasion by Carera with quies of the British Queen :-and, the examina
some Indians, and Ramirez with troops which ,. .


t h ,tion of witnesses before a juri'y of inquest on itle
had separated themselves from Artigas' coin- killed by te King's Guards
maand The government then.grave the English
heir chocether to ke up arms, py 60,000, during the Queen's funeral procession.
ir., 't e u pa S No other part ot Europe affords any subject of
0r leave the city, whic. _last they were on the nre st here
point of doing, but c1I c to t.o:ume adjustment of
the matter. Since tien Ramirez and the Gover-
nor of Santa Fe, Lopez, came to an engagement,' At Pensacola, on the 27th ult. Sailing Master AL:x-
in which the former was driven back with about isA LucitrTT, attached to the .U. S. Schooner Enter-
300 men left. The Buenos Ayreans had sent prize, after an illness of two days only.
out some forces to meet him before, and, it is; On the 14th September, Ass FreTOx BIaENT, only
said, had some skirmishing, but there is no doubt daughter of William and WinifredL. Brent, aged years
of his being defeated by the Governor. and i0 months.
"Each lonely scene slhall thee restore,
Ramirez has been considered favorable to For thee the tear be duly shed;
the designs of the Portuguese ; and just at the BeAnd.mo r tilLill pity's selfbe dead."
time he was expected to have had Buenos Ayres On the 27th ult. at Natchcz, Mississippi, Dr. E. H.
at his mercy, two frigates reached here from Rioi B B ., of the Army of the United States.
S.o .i i ., o. ,. At his residence in Adams county, in the state of.Mis-
Jaeo with the ostensible obecto takng trps sissippi, on the 9th ult. A anT o, aged seventy-
from this place to Rio, where there had been six years, after an illness of three days, vthich lie bore
..... 1o 1. a tt e.! with philosophical firmnes sand fortitude; believing ft'roi
ome blooded .about conttutonal matter.- the commencement of his illness, in luis approaching dis-
Tle King had sailed for Europe, and accounts solution, he was perfectly resigned, and wished not toin-
have reached us that a revolution has been effect- crease his pain by taking medicine. Mr. Taylor was
a native of England, which place he left when very
td at Rio Gr.inde. voung-came to America, and resided "in the state of
The present Governor of Buenos Ayres, 'Virginuia some time, from thence he came to Kentucky,
is ee nrei anurd fughlt through the Revolutionary War. After peace
Roriigucz, is very energetic, .nd severe in.pun- hie emigratedtu that part of the country, where lie has
,in;- malefactors. Ho has caused many to be enjoyed an uninterrupted state ofthealth. By hi indus-
shot. Pucyrrec'on is said to have gone there from try and upright deportment with the world and man,
this. The present government is stated to be on 'he provided an ample competency for himself & family,
a mior-e stable forting than ntv tnhat s la te c-lv e x-which, together with his great probity, integrity, and
tore d, tab' e fo .g than that hs laty ex- punctuality,. secured him the universal esteem of his
;sted." neighbors and numerous acquaintances,


I Transactions at Pensacola.-A letter from our
correspondent at Pensacola giyes us an account
of the affair between Governor.Jackson and Col.


LAWS OF FLORIDA.

The tfollowin- is published for general information,
.f welln I tosein whiat m manner thetwski t our new


PCJ3Iit. -1,.(;i\ !,'1 'Y,& SEATON1
,',~ts riir u4' 121 r iOC ctittaVSg
ic btA k W" i' 7c ~1
T't'ee f Co n'i!W, V. !' '0ito ,u ,i't thetic' teeOf i


,,e',ah'd, ar.'titv-it lie *,i 1 pcordhisu1t% ,at tie Option


highly improper in us to say any thing lurther- to time. 3d. Every fortification to remain in its actual
Let the law have its c ttrse." gEc. 6. There shall not be less than ten Justi- state at the signing ot this truce.
--. ces of the Peace, commissioned for each county, 4th. The most excellent Sit Don Ciriaco de
Through the politic niss of Capt. Plunkett, of'the whose jurisliction sliill extend to all civil cases, Llano will name two officers to hold a conference
scln. J. Madis .,n,we nave received the Vera Cruz not exceeding fifty dollars, saving to the parties with the first chief of 'the imperi army, Don
Gazette ofthei: 6th Augustin which there is a long or suitors an appeal to the County Court, in all Augustin de Iturbide, and the commandant of
and very interesting account of the attack on that cases wherein the matter in dispute shall exceed the troops who form the siege will give orders
city by the patriots. It was made during a hea- the sum of twenty dollars ; anld shall also.be au- that the said two officers shall pass with all safety
vy storm-they forced their way into the city at thorized, in all criminal cases, to exact surcty for and respect due to their rank, and to that effect
several pou-ts and were in posseasis n of several good behaviour, and to take recognizances in ca- lie will associate two of the Imperial army to ac-
of the principal streets, but wert- at length repul- ses bailable, for the appearance of tihe accused company them.
sed by the inhabitants,who fougIt from their hou- before the County Court. 5th. A passport shall be granted to a courier,
ses, with the assistance of the small number of SEC. 7. Th?.t the examination of all witnesses that the most excellent Sir Don Ciriaco de Llano
soldiers at the pl.ce, a-.d the se.,men and nia- within the jurisdiction oi the Courts, ex- may send to the city of Mexico on such condi-
rines from the shipping. The place is stilliclose- cept when their personal attendance cannot be tions as shall be agreed upon between the con-
ly invested, and it the opinion of Capt. P. must procure, shall be conducted viva voce, and ih tracing parties.
surrender in a short tirne.-Floridian. Open Court ; that the parties mayc conduct their 6th, The two belligerent powers agree to send,
suits in person, or by such counsel as they may competent orders to prevent any division oftirops
E choose, provided that the said counsel or coun- marching towards this place, to suspend their
MORE P.IRACIES. aiilors shall have been duly licensed to practice march, and cease all kind of hostilities.
Extract of a letter from Captain VWarner, of the in the Courts of the said ceded territories, by the 7th. In case any irregular conduct on the part
brig Caledonia, qf J'hiladelphia, to his owner, Governor. of the soldiers should disturb the established or-
dated Hdvanna. 9th Sept. SEC. 8. The Alcades shall continue to exercise ers, the contracting parties will give reciprocal
While lying in the harbor we were boarded the powers of Judges of'Probate, Registers of satisfaction.
by 14 robbers, armed with pistols, cutlasses and Wills, Notaries Public, of Justices of the Peace, 8th. Every deserter from this day, taken be-
da'ggt'ers-1 was the first that wa;s knocked down ; and such other powers appertaining to their said teen the appointed limits, will be tried according
afictr which we were put dovi-.; in the forecastle, offices, as have not been otherwise distributed; to ordinances, as well as the persons who may
and the mlat and .myelf Iplundered of every thing, saving the right of appeal to the County Court in favor the desertion.
and the vessel robbed of about 85 boxes of can- all cases. 9th. The present truce will have all its force
dl.'s; but we were fortunate enough next morn- Sec. 9. That the judges of the said County and vigor until the return of the two officers com-
ing to.recover about 33 of the boxes, and great Courts shall have power to impose such taxes missioned by the most excellent Sir. Don Ciiaco
hopes of getting the rest, as I believe the fellow upon the inhabitants of their counties respective- de Llano, to hold a conference with the first chief
in whose possession those recovered were found, ly, as i.n their discretion may he necessary to of the imperial army, Don Angustin Iturbide,,
has infsrmcd of the rest of the_ gang-they alb.> meet and cefray the expenses which may be in- and, in case of the breaking out of hostilities, due
stole my small boat. There has been 7 or 8 ves- currcd in carrying this ordinance into effect. notice will be previously given.
sels robbed within thase 8 day., both at sea and SEC. 10. That the said County Court shall Casa de Campo of Don Pedro de :a Cosa, -.hy 10, 1821.
in this harbor. Captain Shain, of the Ajax, of have and exercise the power: of directing, by So signed, Manual Ortega Calderon, Clemente
Philadelphia, was robbed the same night of about special venire, or otherwise, the summoning of ldo, Manuel Rincon, Joaquin Ramirez y
1l000 of property, and the like depredations arc all juii. grand as well as petit. esma.
nightly committed." SEc. 11. The said courts shall have the pow-
er of creating and regulating their process and 'eubla surrendered to the Patriot forces, by
PEa A, ST. proceedings, fr,-,m time to time, as they may capitulation, on the 29th July. The garrison to
We are informed that. reports arle in circula- cieeml necessary, and shall, as soon as conveni- be sent to Havana. .
tiWe a re informeans that thre rts are in circula- t their gamz-tion, prepare and report Te new Vice-Roy, O'Donoju, continued in
tion at New Orleans that the rYellow Fever pre- 'r~~e-bill to the governor for his approbation. Vera-Cruz on the 12th of August; he had taken
vails in this city. How such a report could have SSec. 12. That. the said courts shall have and up his quarters in the Tobacco Factory, where
obtained circulationwe are at a loss to determine, b d the t Per- his wife, and two other members of his family,
as we have the best authority for ssertn that exercise the powers beod te limits Pensa- hi ife and two other members of fam
not a single case of malignant or infectios fever c d St. Augustine, of granig ad recalng were il of a violent fever, umate
has occurred here. It is true that we have had lceu.mjs, or co,niissihns for Jmin.eepiers, retait- Front the whole of the intelligence the ului Mate
a hew cas ourredf violent billious ever, bt those ers of Liuters of every descrip,,on, and keepers independence of Mexico seems to be more thau a
were pew casons who had been here but a short of Biltiard 'ables, and to reqire of the such probable event.
timwere persons who had cobeen here budise a short as they may deem pr,.per, and irr-pose We learn, that the news of the Armistice for
Time, and no doubt contracted the disease anosuch price for such license, as in their opinion three months, and giving t, e Patriots free access
er climate, y be reasonble. to all the tuiovws, was received at Havana, by a
The Porpoise, as mentioned in our last paper, Sc y e reaso abte. Corvette from Ve "a-Ctnz, on c e 12th
arrived at the Baratncas fronm Havana with the yel- c. 13. Thlatit shall be the duty of the said Spanistl Corvtaef, C 'oC Vet-CatCC, ont c tCt
arrieved at the Bard, butanca s from Havana with the has occ ed courts, in egulating their process and proceed. inst. th day before th Oress sailed fror ,.
low lever on board, but no new case has occurred e o t merit This is certain imnortast, as i is likely t* i
among the crew; a, om themeasures adopt- igs, to confine the parties strictly to the merits I'is is certainly, isorta'i.t, as it is likely t t -.,
Among the crew; and, foom themeasures adopt-s.ml-ftheir cause, and to cause all useless matter, as result similar to thosa inch allowed thl,- .',.-
ed by the Board o, Health, there is not th.esmall-: i ncs aiocl, to b expungd ftrom ice of the same nature, in the Colombi N .
eat apprehension of its being introduced into this
city.-Floridian.I the piead algs at iC expense of ti- party intro- publi-'


Callava, the same in all essential particulars as territory are framed:
that we have already published. One or two ex- nIDINANCE NO.- 4.
tracts, however, from our correspondent's letter, Whereas, iroin the extent of the ceded terri-
will throw some additional light on this matter : stories, it becomes necessary to make 'such divi.
P ESAcOLA) cEPT, 1, 1821 sions as will promote the convenience of the in-
It hPENSAr.Ao t EPT. 11 habitants, and the speedy execution of the laws.:
SIn the organization of the government, no Therefore, and in virtue of authority vested in
one can have the slightest idea of the difficulties me by the government of the United States, I do
who is not on the spot, and to whom its situation ordain- i
is not explained. There was but one civil offi- SEC. 1. That the said Provinces be divided as
cer in all West Florida,the Alcalde, and his pow. foll e unty lying between the river Perdi-
ers were almost indefinite, or rather, under the do and Suwaney river, with all the islands there-
old order, every thing ; but, under the Spanish in, shall form one county, to be called Es-
Constitution, of very little importance, compara- cambinia.
tively speaking. There was no government that All the country lying east of the river Suwa-
we could understand or administer; it all existed ney, an'd every part of the fetled territoies, not
,: .<-,".,sted a:. t0:,14 ;' to rthre o'irner county,
in the arbitrary will and plasure of-those wha shallfoh i a-county, to bc -. .. -. t... c*. .t,
It 'i-.l it. The General- lias made what he S" 2. Ii eaahh of said counties, and for the
could of it." government tii i f..1f, J.,e. shal'be established'a
c" After the surrender of the country, Co', Cal- Court, to be cde i- ii.atcj .a County Qourt, and to
lava remained here, as we supposed, for his own :-. .-,mpoc'd ,.f live j,~ ices of the peace, any
.i d nieasiare; for he was never considered as *tl -.. ,,' h.n Il-ril form a quorum, and the eld-
th a ny. i,' 3 ipr.i, n ori to Si y,.- lc otf said Court,
*,..,,,g any official station near our government .hoe jurisdiction shall extend to all civil cases.
aieCr that period, and if entrusted with a commit originating'in the said county, where the matter
sion fronm his own government he never made it in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars ; aid
known. Several papers, demanded by individu- to all criminal 'cases, saving to the parties the
als for the purpose of asserting their rights, were tight of appeal to the Governor in all cases above
the sum of five htindred dollars ; anti that there
discovered in the possession of a person who, it all of fi execution for a cstal offence ntil
afterwards appeared, was under theorders ofCal. iao wirrail of the'Governor be first had and ob-
lava, This person was ordered to deliver them; tainted.
he refused and shifted t;,em into t0e hands ofl 6c. 3. That the judicial proceedings in all
Callava ; they were all brought before the Got- civil cases shall be conducted, except as to the
ernras you will see in the Floridian, and examination of witnesses, according to the cuui'se
e'r, of fthe existing lawus. or the laws of Spain; andt
he committed for contempt. All the-Americans in crain;al cases, according to the course of
here, and who had an opportunity of witnessing common law ; tat is, no person shall be held to
the transaction, highly approve it. Some think answer fur a capital or otherwise infamous crime,
he might have been confined in his own house, unless on a presentmetat or indictment of a grandI
as was done in the case of the intendantof New jury, atd in all criminal cases the .-..,. d shall
Orleansbutth General would make no dis enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an
O ans-but the Gnra wud make no dis impartial jury of'the county whei'ein the crime
tincti whose possession the papers were in the first in- of the nature and cause of the accusation, to be
stance found Similar diffilculties are said to confronted with 'the witnesses against hinm, and
have occurred at St. Augstine. A milder course havu comnpulsrv process'for obtaining witnesses
S ured t f. in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel
was pursued by the officer commanding there, for his defe'ce.
for the present ; but that a different course will Sc. 4. There shall be a clerk appointed for
be pursued I have no d.ubt." each of said County Courts, who shall receive
The following additional information on the for his services such compensation as the Court
subject is from The Floridian of the Ist of Sep- for which lie is appointed may, from time to time,
te ber : and in each suit,tax or allow, and there shall also be
a Sheriff'appointted to each Court, to execute the
We understand that, among the documents process thereof, whose se riciss shall be coaipen-
(of Col. ClLiva) seized, are the testamntentary sated by the Court to which he is appointed, 'in
papers coveringg more than a thousand pages,) like manner as is provided for the Clerk ; and
of V idial, formeit Lieutenant Governor of Louisi- the said Clerk and Sheriff shall give bond to'ilie
'ana, on which a number t f n in favoi of pres hiding is','xi Fo' th' fit'-'u sdisci'tsargc y of
0 le b a,' we 'v. misai,', by i.i. I ..iverners or *rc a u-iu a *.
\his pro inc", ithir tile last ten years. Several -tEo. 5. Each County Court shall hold quar-
of the decrees tre by Col. Callava, and as late as tcrly sessions, and continue the same until all the
July, 1820-but none of them have been as yet business pending therein shall be disposed of;
enforced. The party against whom these de- the first session to be'*held at Pensacola, on the
crees have been entered, has been cited to she;v' first Mo.day of August next, for the county of
cause why they should not be carried into exccu- Escari'bia ; and at St. Augustine, on the second
tion, and the matter is now uncner the considera- Monday ot September next, for the county of St.
tion of thit Governor ; it would, therefore, be 'John's, with power to adjourn the same from time


1/'


i a .- --* I --


during the same, so that justice may be adminis-
tered in the most simple, cheap, and speedy man-
ner.
SSEc. 14. In all criminal ca'es, the process and
indictment shall be in the name of the United
States, and there shall be appointed a prosecut-
ing attorney for each of the said counties, who
shall receive in each case a reasonable compen-
.,r. to be taxed by the court.
SEC. 15. That the police of the roads and
bridges, without the limits of Pensacola and St.
Aiogustine, shall be under the immediate direc-
tion of the said county courts. The police of the
city to be exclusively confided to the Mayor and
Aldclermen.
PlNSAC'1.A, JULY 21, 1821.
ANDREW JACKSON,
Governor of the. Floridas, 'c. icfe.
BY THE GOVERNOR:
R. K. CALL,
J/cing Secnritary of West Forida.
W. G. D. WOuITII;)Nr. :.
for -" i "


.I'^Il-:,.C PLr,_;. ir OF HOSTTELTfES.

From the Baltimore Federal Gazette, Sept. 25.
We yesterday announced that an armistice fort
three months haid been centered into by the Pat-
riot and Royal troops ih Mexico. We find, how-
*ev:er, on perusing the frairlidon of the .ocuiuents
furnished by the Havana Nuticiosu MeArcantil, of
the 8th September, forwarded to the Gazette by
our attentive correspondent, that on the I17th of
July a suspension of hostilth:'ies between the Royal
troops in Vera Croz, and tuose of the Pat'iots
besieging the place, subject to the tp-'irovai or
rejection of the Geneial in Chief of the Indepen-
dents, had alone taken place, and that no period
fi' its continuance or tle nation is stated in the
articles. in fact, all seees to depend on thile will
of the Patriot leader,as the terms of the trtce wLl
shew.
An armistice for three months may, no doubt,,
have followed as a conseqtience of this suspcn
sion of arms at Vera Cruz, but the journal w&
have quoted makes no mention of such an event.
It is so reported by the Orestes, and, as she did
not sail from Havana till the 13th, it is possible
that such intelligence might have been received
between the 8th and the day of her sailing.
It will be observed that the Patriot General,
Iturbide,is called first chief of the rlperite'ariw.
Suspension of idrims.
Truce concluded between Don Manuel (prtc.
ga Cadoron, captain o f the regiment of infarnry
of Estremadura, and Don Clementi Delgado,
captain of artillery, named by the most excellent
sir governor and comrnmandant general Don Ci-
iriaco de Llano, and the lieutenant colonicl Don
Manuel Rincen and the captain Don Joaquin -Ia-
mirez y S:;sma, named by the commandants n
the divisions of the inmperial army, who .. .. t
the Ibliowing conditions :
1st. T i,.m ......, e *r., f ostilte
betwec. t, .I .,-. ... aTig i: e
troops that garrison the city oLiVera Cruz. Tn -
limits between thtm shall be 400 yards from the
fortifications, :nr t,,i i those of the body of the
place that are more advanced.
2d. The besieging troops shall keep the:
points on which their encampments are formed,
it being understood that they are not to advance
nearer to the city.


I


i


t










COMMUNICATIONS.

MEMOIRS OF DON LUIS DE OIS.
The following letter, from a gentlemian of high stand-
ing in the country, was not intended for publication, but
we hope the writer w vill excuse our making this use of
it, his name not being disclosed.
TO THE EDITORS.
JluguSt 24tth, 182 i.
I received a day or two ago Don Luis de Onis'
Memoir, for which be pleased to accept my
thanks.
I have bten nimuch gratified in reading the
Don's book, onr) many accounts, and feel much
pleasure in rc',,c'ih ;upon theb heretofore even
course of our Rebpulic ; and, from any reflec-
tins I can bestow upon its probable fate for time
to ,n-e, 1 cannot perceive anything to alarm the
mo-, sensitive political hypochondriac. We hav,
great pecuniary diiculties, it is true; but where
is the nation or individual who does not feel
tlem, or has not experienced them at some pe-
riod of their progress ? Were these dificultics
tie result oi i, perfect notions of liberty, or of an
imtpet ct conslituio.n, or of a doubtful tribunal
to ,olv dhi- difficuitiUcs as they arise and present
thremselves-or of a doubt as to the power to re-
medy any evil which may .be amn in the course
of icpisiation, or made visible by .decisions of our
cturts, we mould have much to lament. But
when it is merely the pecuniary matters of the
country, I presume we never can be at a loss
when rimnmclmeit is at hand-a remedy easy
,nd aaNe, and will always insure tle happiness of
the peopl,:e, which any may use who prefer the
sod! andl quiet comfort of the country to the
blaze of enorr.ous experlditure.
D..n Onis certainly deserves more notice fromn
u.,; "haln PIus Europeair,i as he is the first,hiihi:i
office and consideration,who has had tle courage
to viMly our Republic, and print t under his own
name. He seems to have some notion of our
institutions, and, I think, draws correct conclu-
sions as to the effEct which would be produced
by ex-eading a portion to their colonies in South
Ai ,crica and in Mexico. But, as I most ardeitly
d, -he the acknowledged independence of all
Spanish America, I hope his suggestions may
not, as 1 believe hCey will not, be attended to.
Don Onis, .tbougli he has observed the pro-
gmesw of the govriirritent with sonice attention
whilst m tihecounuy, yet appe.rs to l.uae hooked
uponi the scene as though he were detcrmined to
he d,-pleased-c.d, whiare he hs not clearly n:'-
derst.-'d the division ofpowcr, sees evils, which
hi.- inohtenedo tilcy. igur: s into ghists of gia,'t
size. He hias, neverthecless, made some prc-
cii::. confeL.ions," and, when we re(collect the
cirruinst nces under which it was written, we
ar" i;;.lineed to sar to oura0 lives, it tvas written for
the LOg, and thro:v it uirie. Yet, his having
been cn years in irhis county, the AMinster Pien-
ipnyt, Ia: y cf one of the mowt coididerab!e Kings
ol E..topl who makes the noill broad and uLi.-
b' '.sh!i ch'iarei s ui corruption in thii ad i d iqstra-
ltion ofl ; country, in. the courts fju'.tice, and,'
iniiced, ui the while community, from the Hall
oi Coutress to the Kitchen of the private gentle -
ian, whre no hinghy repub.ibhcan would have
expIcted to ri;a foaLreign ,zitster--givei him a
claMm to noie ateutioni. i'hise thing,, wve might
bciicve, w, iid even str!ea-:then thal t inordin:te
v"...i: vi tc W ii he dih:,.tk Vl) \v! r wh c xiNs in surii
: p roud I ; A .' '... "' I .. i :.b -<-
gi!V l: i ., 1 ,:, f'r y :reig.i -i, .,
when vwt; see so iuie hhcsiu ei in the; moat cant-
Mider.bie characters of that country in asser.ti.,
writing, and pristing, ti; tuobt uDparallcie
alsehoods, .ich as no individual in this count y
wouid bei iuind to utter as he would assured;,
meeCLL the merited punisihnent in ithe contempt o0
al hnones ni mei.
We miay tiace eV'en this to the salutary influ-
c.ce of rcpubhlican imajoritics. lThere is no motive
in tht .ass of the community to tolerate vice ot
nay klid, nor will they d.o it : but kings and prin-
cos :are not always virtuous, or disposed to con-
su" :ec i[ierest of th.:uir peopk,-, as we may b:
wa, Krted in saying, when we fi d tLhat Nero and
tICe ofuac of Hes ",e a're no solitary )nstUnces.
1 :at thls ctpresentativeof tie Spatlsh King
lias ,aid u, Piresi ienQ2L iadison,.seems to be a rci-
teruoi of tlcnes).a;apeer charges, iNaac by tha
dwcripLo:, of'p',Alcia.s which he most approve-,
v.h:- tne Biiah n.aue th.ir attack upon Wa .
ing!. .i. ae li ie doubt but the future
histodan ofthis country will do ample jiusice to
the trunsctiornof tHime late war, amnd though in
r'eviewh, the occut rcnces of that period, I fin
1n;chi which canlnolapp!o;ve, and some to con-
demn: Ido not doubt the 12th Congress, and
al Ithe actor ) s in that war, will ,go dow. to pos-
to, ny, covered with the r,..be of public approba
tion, ana; es, in :on envil,!e irn o tality,
rh. O iis is not satistied with giving a gernei al
character to ne country, .but has given each sec-
tiot ,.itirt Uni-,,. States ius particular attentLwn.,
The souMth has its FuIll share, of which we have no
p;it.ai ni;nt to cmpiamn, si;.ce, by a recurrence tol
ce::.l:m c;ampice Frinted during the niushouri ques-
tiu:.-, .> have boo4.. idutins carge aganist the people o.i
the we.si, is reaiiy b ,t: new and unexpected ; in
spei....g of ih ; people ol that part of the Uni-
on, he says, thuos.; of Delaware, Ohi Kei!-
tu _t, f ei-icse.:, and Geor;,ia, are poor, and
l.;.,i the (;\cuptiin of DL ;l:.',,are, they all rf.sem-
1nj th'. saw 'ge ab, i". :nai I a'w s ..:y iiciE ,
in ''r "cutnq ain mnode of thvilg." Upon
,:nat aaon.'/ ty .ih. .nis hid;tes this fact; I know
not, out pFetu;-m; nt is up;, Spainish authority,
assci ,,a, lro,; whicn tihe Eiglish reviewers
.iatie 'isuct; coitous elLracat.
i ii ,..)! I, ce !.a:rly cannot have any influence
uip u se >i s eisikei .;".i: jonebt part oi the conImI u-
nily ;. is couniiy, w'pnci we may fea:- is siiiail,
jl.!.g.i g wo we imus't, l10m the .represent;tive of
th u" bu the pinionn iey may entertain of
the .,ieniri or o'f tire DO) lhimself, it is presum.
nbte, is a m~alter ui i,-dlii're'nce to htim, as he, :ike
fa rRi samu-ltd, :e fhvo'rite Heiic;,l the2,. oFEiig-
land; has the love and cuntidence of bis King
y,;;icl) iu that country is what good character
is ii mis.


Thl'4r; is no capacity so dull that will not see
the st:ang- :; :i'iet) in D n onis' Mfn.nir--Ile re-
pr cutn 0 at onc U'me the l'r'aident as dictating
tlc i,, ad Congress as mircly r>egistering his
de.; ; W ii<) C i'gru's ;I' aS ll) powterlul, and the
:.mudnt. h iaus rcboi't to brbery to gaii the lead-
erb W, that boty--again, the anrmy *la ,:.allj, ilJ-
rl.ii., I1 ill oi' aIl z o, or rather no l t .iart ii a,
ail, anu beaten o every ,ttack-!thCn iarchiig


to tlie extremes of this great continent, tearing up and subject; vhich terminated as Don Onis or TREATY OF CHICAGO. SPANISH INQUISITION.
monarchies, from their deep foundations every the British Reiiewers would iave anticipated-
where, and adding new territories and re- in our own faNor. And, itit be true what the FRIOM TIE i 1TaOIT 6AZETTE, SEtT. 7,, in tle Constitutional Diary," printed at Bar-
publics to this. The people are not fond of war, English themselves tell us, that many in that On Tuesday last governor Cass and Mvr. Sib- celona, in Spain, we have perused a table, shock-
and control, likk an unsettled mob, all the ac- monarchy da;] die of bunRer, I am inclined to ley, tfhe coUn.missioners appointed to treat with ing to humanity of thle number of victims who,
tions of their representatives-thenthereprep.n- think-the saving which might have been made the Indians, returned from Chicago, together since the year 1481, have fallen sacrifices to the
tative and executive pursue the most fixed and by retrenchmr,, in the million expended on the with the gentlemen who attended at the treaty.- fury of the Spanish Inqpuisilion. We know not
settled course of policy ever known in thie histo- coronation of their King, if given to those suf- We understand that the object of the govern- how the document was obtained, not how authen-
ry of any people, and disregarding the murmurs ferers, would have. been life and smiling plenty, ment has beer fully obtained, and that a cession tic it may be considered ; but we suppose, since
of the people, or the desires of foreign govern- It is not con',mon for me to write so long a has been made by the Indianson favw'able terms, the favorable change of religious sentiments in
,ments. letter; I am sure I ought to apologise for the iofall that country, cxfterding from the southern that kingdom, that those records of sanguinary
That the powers of Europe look towards us time it will consume, and promise an amendment, boundary of this territory to Grand River ; and superstition may have been found among: othee
with jealousy and dislike, cannot, to any, bemat- like the laws of kings, by making them shorter, containing, by estimation, upwards e4-,5,000,000 proofs of the cruel fanaticism of the Monks.
ter of surprise. The life of empires is thie death or the diplomatic letters of Don Onis, by making' acres. Spain, at tle present time, must be rich in rare
of republics. The on!y justification the destroyers them fewer. I am, kc. Not less than 3000 Indians attended at the documents illustrative of ecclesiastical tyranny.
of the liberties of nations can make to the world, council, principally Potawatamies, Ottawas, and [Petersbulrg Intel
to lessen the heavy load of odium, which,in despite TO TE EDITORS. Chippcways ; and during the whole progress o o. of the Victims of Inquisitorial ?engewce.
of their tyranny, impartial history will heap upon t it they conducted themselves in an excmpllirys4 z ^ : :
them, is a hypocritical love for order, as though Gentlemen As you have inserted all the manner. The final result wa deLyed several
the bold, open, and anly expression of opinion, speeches of the members of Congress, and along days by the various propositions and modifica-
t h e b o l d o p e n a n d m .n l y e x p r e s s i o n o f o p i n i c o n f t e c r nton m l h l i t r fP U O S
by the free citizens of a republic, in their Ire- account of the coronation, and the old history of tions which were submitted on each ,ide. The emos.
quent and free elections, was not such. We the man in the iron mask, perhaps you may fid Indians carly evinced a disposition 0 .sell, but .I
would deserve much of the censure heaped upon room for some observations on the Aurora's sub. were determined .to secure the best possible terms !Fo l to 148 1 2 68
us by the Enghlish writers, and this representative lime and almost incomprehensible attack of Jus- for themselves. We have been ifoi med that 1498 15072,2 612 6 '- 491
of the Spanish King, did we not know what in- tunlan's doctrines; for 1 fear Justiian will not dc- some of the stipulations mserted in the treaty are 1507 1517 3564 ] I,32 48,059
ference to draw, as to the prospect of human li- tvend himself as he avoids all controversy, when very favorable to the metioration of their situa *517 15.2 1,20 560 2,845
berty, when we see three men at Laybach say- disrespectful and irritating language is introdu- tion, and to the gradual improvement of their _>tergn>m 1523 .24 1-.- 4,J369
ce.Th uorafe hagii utiin ih1523 1538 25., 1,1 'i,50
ing to the world, this shall ye do, but that is un- ced. o A ra, water chagi vt JustiYian with condition, moral and physical. 1538 1545 840 ,1
lawful. When we look at the late occurrences illogical, futile reasoning, says, "it is no agreca. The country has been r.rc: .tr.l to uis, by 1546 20 600
at Naples, it won.ld not require the spirit of di-' ble to a'ibute su incohere cies t, a disigen- the g, ntlencn who have. travelled over it, as fer- 1556 1,.2U0 .0 6, o00
vination to foretel the consequences to Europe,: ous cause; and to attribute the incoheren:.y tile, well watered, and pleasantly situated. It is 1556 1.597 6,90 1,84.5 18, so
and to see the difficulties they would find to thel a want of knowledge, is not wore pleasi-,g; out interspersed with prairicsand woodland, and is 127 1 .,1 .1,840 92u 13,848
fulfilment of their views the the alternative is inevitable;" in plain words, Ju1s61i"2- moderately elevat..d, bnt l hl]y. L..kes and 5 2,816 1,4U8 186
funlen o he"Zes Lillgnraicssm a n is ith- 1665 17or fool. 1,7_93 864 ,6,9,,2
.lion of knowledge among the people. It is "no ti-ianis eit omh'knave or fool. s: rings of pure water :re abundant, and even in T17..o 746 74 1564, 782 1 ,3
part of their desires, that the people should know i instead of edetrati from the Aurormerit, the driest season furnis.,l ai e-:,,.! .:,.. ,ppy. 17 6 1754 6i5. 70 1 7
that he who wears a crown is but a m an, and that I give him. credit for his new and profound disco- The St, Joseph is a finU ,;.:. stream, 7 ]78 .i -- o
there is no legitimate govei, n 1,,' t,i1, .l,,,t which series, and acquiesce nm them : whose head waters approach within two day's ride 1788 1808 1 42
is sanctioned by the suffra,_ t t .1- 20 Ite them- lst lThat a thing, which is the picture of a of Lake Erie.- It waters a most va uable and ex Total, 32,382 7.690 91,450
selves; nor would it be any pl:.) ir, reaction to thinp is n ttno ile thing itself." tensive tract of colri;try, a-d is the most consi- itc-iriTo rror. "
know a crown might be purchased and worn by 2d. l That aname given to one thing, such as derable tributary stream ofL:ke Micmngan. Burned in per3on -3,82
any hackney coachman, who had money enough paper does not give it the qualities of another Gov. Cass, o; his route to Chicago, ascended Bur)n (l iu. 17.690
to buy one; that such a man, they know, would be thing, that is, gold and silver." the Miami to Fort Wavne. From thenc, Ils ca- Imprisoned & eAles confiscated 291 .,50
!ooked at by the people of this republic, with 3d. That paper is not money, though it has noe was transported ore, a portage of about nine Total victims 341,52
as much amusement or indifference as they been caled so,any more than a brass candie-stickc miles, to the head of the i 'Wobash. This riv, r he
world look at the representative of the Spanis'h is not made ca suck of wood"* descended to its mouth, a.d then desctn:ded the TOMB OF NAPOLEON.
King, or the whimsical signs sometimes seen In sort, I dissent only to the following passa- Oio t the ississippi. i hi latte rier he Extract of a letter from St. Helena
o i g v r t e do r ,,h e o fh i m s iar b i nes m e i e s s enrs :, s h o ps t.a d o e n o e r e n l a r k O n t i le a s c e n d e d t o [ b e r no n th o f t i :: l( i : i s o t O,' io ,;
over the doors of a barber's shop. We must add one nore reark on the ascended to the mohof liis, of .os Soon after he went Lo woodd to reside
It is such men as Don Onis, and the writers of expression, articlee of commerce;, we aredete- tri butary streams approaches wirin tn ",e.s of he complaied of t he badness of he wathr, A
poems in England,ignorant of every thing but the mined o give no quarter to absurdites oj this Chicago. ,at tie Madame Bertrand lived at Hutt' Gate
k indl. The write, talks of s;,ecie, whichhle sLAwbTocaatrofth I-; ~irrrsnc t
construction of a paragraph, who most fearlessly k be rie s pecie, which he say. T carter of the in is i represented ,..bout one mile fiom L ongo dat te to of a

the law with us would not probably b6 more res- and Arbuthnot gmly mn(;cy of go d and silver, river in t e essetil n ret-,rns. It hal tu' '.s : S' nn ler Vale. Bondpaate fr heentpy vi, t
is [lot den:,leinalceiBonapalrtecvr.in uentay iiated
pected, having bcen'ade hy a majority of ou,- i-per is not deominate speie, even in mcta- lance to a cnal than :o a stream. F'or thr, 1a.'a Bertrand, ad observed how very su-
selve, tllan where it is the uncontrolled wil of pur. Justinian, therefore, when he talks of toe 'dred mis, nt one rapid, nor eve, a Yip-,Jc is p',r the water h dra. th're was to that
oie n-an .! Even Hallam, the historian, has gone fluctuatins and evanescence of th a, micle ot discoverable, he water moves slugr, ,, a,d whi, he ,,tatt Lqngwod. On being informed
out of his way to renew the record of the vile co merce, must intend to sayspeci. is an atcie fr considerable part o! th. distact, ;o ,:urn that it was prced rom a spring down thevalc,
cha- ge of ingratitude against republics. They o commerce; we hve often epsd ths error,is pe c,,Iibe In asc, nr.mlg this ear t.vec el,, ;sse a ish to walk and ee the well-
arc not so. But where a distinguished citizen of and hao supposed that there was not now a ma In are a nu ,b ,, of places where a:,eu i11 is n- He ,ent hr. ,ith Madame Bertrand, and, af.-
a republic has been punished it is said to be in- the county .vho did not distinguish between im-, able to be J-lst, by fl. ing chauness ,wicl, ,et- .l ex. ng the wc.tr, he noticed a willow
gratitude without investigation; and the histo- lin an ste.* miiate i extcsivw poands WsVhin about (.11 tre e Ir.,,- i ms ten yards from the well
Tho-o il 'su e en)tat n- at e ..... ... .,-Y, P h s W tila O t01 ....l!v t'er y r s r ,th el
rian to some neighbouring king calls it so, be- c Ac Au,'oraY ill.o, surely deny that a Span- hunled miles ofChicgo, thie appear ce oi th!. V -i ..ce fo- r a f', seco.. s. he sai
caus- his master would have tolerated every vice, lsh dcollar is specie an d that t is an articli t country, a.d with it he cnaer i I e,, ,, I ie o, tisislandI 1old wish to be
znd granted him a pension, had the practices of co erce. Is t not sent to nd to exchange changes. A continued succession ot fali and ra- buried nd. at tre; and I will drink no water
the indi.i:-ual been not directed at him or his for tea, cotton goods,and silks .? I it notshi-, ed pd, at this season of the year, puts an enu..e sl.. .,,p h,,,,, .a. r e e ; nr e r ome
~~1 ich, l; ................... ....the y ,e P 1but I roli this, W-) i ht:,ii hc returned hoine,
crown. But when a king pushes an individu- to Euope in return for potted i,.aiic- to naviation, an the hoas ..nd their conl.,ts be. efornih,.d one of his servants,: a Chin-s,,, with
al, it i all right, as he only inflicts edited pun- tures The blic seal," s M. Duau bse,.ve, must be transported by and t Chicg o. is tw silver btle, holdin about a alo each
ishment upon the ungrateful wretch. ,declaresit taco a given quantit ,y Whatever there may be in these opinions of meta of a dared ury." Do we ntrad by theearly Frnch ,)yageus L- R ocer. It ter. iThe same Chinese h A. hal another em-
the subjects of kings, it illy becomes the historian thenl.wspapersth.odoilrsaresomcimesisone,tl,,,, is a very elevatd rock, not less than 250 cet plovent th0-n fetchu,:g wat..r in these bottles
of England, or even a rcviewer,to write with epi- or three per cent. abl e par? What 1, par but le high, perpendicular on lthre sides, and washed twice a day or, t e I:cst Sve years.
thets, when the f:e of Saffixrd, Montrose, R.as- abstrad value ix d by Congrc.s on l.rag,. coin at its base bv the Iilinis. On the fourth side it The -la-'d where the cor, ps of this extraor-
sel, Ha:) den. Essex, and others, sear the eyebaIs H Mr. Duane says that eioi' out ,J a coun- is coMnnected with the surrounding country by a dinary mai is eoite- blon to r T t
inl al nost every page of their history. And it try, though it bears the imuprson nj specie, beta- narrow ledge; which can only be ascended by a ve respectable shoke o in Jam s "obet
mobs and popular clamor influence orepubhcs, ot t jurisdictw of its sta rdecoes ten prec;ipnous winding Fath lTnM top of the rock it is nw called a.oe's e nd is ver
England is ni t without insta.nccs to show that but w,, and ian arlel ,J commerce "' Gold and is level, and contains trhps thee tonrs of an much fequente by th- inha M ts. The rave
mouarchis can be ifluenced mn the sam,. .ay, sh'r are no doubtmerchate commodities" ace It has been strongly f r.if. by the Indi- was ind with stone, and covered with a plai
anU ". 1[at as wVe ,nvy re(d iul the case of A l l ltc, ehulilk-, the 'roa ,nuIpictely co- uls, and many years ago was scec', ,. .< S- o" te s e at -al." .
uVial U L, ill. ,'ch w!. hl i iluth ,l > r.- .t ,. a i"n 1lS wiLl Ja sid r n s J.i a rs do 1U.0 c; urey. pirate conliict betwccn, the PotaW ,tainies, ahih'.6h
Va hrg s a n h ; ,y and are se t abrof d ac e e l01;; sureli- o ,, bon -. of the lilindis Indians. f'he letter lied I" ha ft
Nvcrc il sal~c cla^.erral '16-orst 6pall, ^'; ". ::"1;:^ "!^ e ; l^: ,^ .^ ^ .^/n ;liere Ia ren-Co gurSatiy, that ma-
e e ct, 1c(c1 to this place for refug. from the fury o t:ei riage is a lottery ; but we Id O not rcoielyct to have
she ,would find it difilcul to satisfy the enquy ou la a, two : tleme tisutlng abo'.it the emis. Th,1 post could no: lie carried. by assault; Met With a tactical but 'atino f the toutlohaf
in reC.ion lto (he late of C;umbfs. Arid w i,,.., Al'!('".- a n ui" cphait in thu A siataicc nguage;eonc a L d ,radition says that the besiegers fi:;ully suc-. I ,a c t n
I till simile 1-efore tile followvi'nw~hich is a free
Fc di,.a, d thbe 7th r ietu',ed ion,. France- wh, ,' ld id t twaz ., tee," th e o 1her ,a.1t n WAs. ,feel'," ccded, after nany repulses, by tting' ou thetr s i e o e tieellow ng, wn ich ,is a free
he had bccn prisoner io tlie ,ea e.on, hIe obscr- inh,aod If ltared a duel would ensue; supply of ac. Every person who appear,.d atlla of a eme Louisian
vckd ttcou:'sc of coi~dtuct It) ii.'sv pauwhts Wilt l, il a" L I,-l t\ v r a w g r was isd Si & et0 -, -- ", ".
vel aouise t conductw to .Locsi ,,)nalls who La, wvtr, a wagt ftlas acd, and a e- e to f the rock for the purpose ptcnring i A young man of good figure addisposition, unable
so fathl.uly defended tie rights of Spaij and his re-C- e ae to me, 1 decided that Lach was water fro the r.;ivcr, was ir, mniately sho-; a:;d! ., desirous, to procure a fe, wTut th-prIem-
o'.!, hwluc- would give ts more reason L0 behliev % i but, because eachL word deoniinaCted a. eLCe- the result was a surri.nd.r, which vas followed inary trouble of amassing a forlune, p opposes the follow-
Don Unis luder stood his. character, than that he is Ph'-n"t; thus, spVLkie and bullion arc both precious by the total extirpation ,f ths ]inois n',,d ing expedient to attain the object of his wishes. He o.I-
not cantlted ti a polilon of thle chbrgcs o ofleu metals. At the mouth of the Au Pieit and within a- wrs udef .as tlhe brize of lottery to all widows and
believed to be alone due to republics. tr. Duan ti says, the science" of political econo- bout forty rods of its function with the ".. I.. -, 5soar ee BuThe nuberotiets to be .a600,rth
M'r. Onis ha no desire ever to Teturn to the 1 W"s "mnluc letter' understood in the age oi the party discovered", of the most rl.arkabiC \vheel,the fortunate proprietor ofhich is to be entitledd
United Suaes, or he wouid have delayed thepub- Ail.eouie thai ii thiMs age ;" and observe rinrera;ogical facts which has b-en seen in out to himself and the 30,0 0 dollars "
icauion of his m enimi, : ,nd whatever mai be a Uat 1 o .v" 'erons of the fai esf intentions, aYd th-.a county There ii in the bed of the river a laroe .'he pian is ingenious,and if adopted generally,
thec.pacity, hiiaste ,hccrmi,,y iusmac mostal cer purpose in seeking treuith, wil!, from black wainu tre in a perfect stale of p ifac- without the mintation of age, might be produc-
lacc italnt, ue ,n ..f aerAlt...a. I th, vcrIae tire of tile Sappiest effects on see. ':slc
exceilc'-t coice of a Minit..tr i ..n.y the very diciat meaning, in whichiI they make tin. The tree, as it !is in the river, measures tive the happiest effects on souey, :nsuc
to the Court oi Napic., i aed some Europeai of t a!cul te'msan th..ir more or less pcfct c,.n about fi y-one feet; but this is not the whole as it would tend to dim.nish thte ium'bci',.',f hose
writ.rs upo: he !aw of ta' i., ju .t!y, i:; >iihcu;it pi"6enaoni U ur sigtiication, argue il then length, tfoi a part of it is c,\ercd by the bank. It who pine in sigles w:etchednes-," a-d by
times, te sending a L-Uinitei LO reign cuu.o co1c'.t ,a i t all be as remote .frm each other is from two feet andl a l.afflo ihrce feet in diame- 1* :- aive that hpe of a helpmte, the want .
whose integrity is not oi hat unt), le.i"g ki.d ,uL as the ai.fpou c.' e,. he tree is divested of its branches, but o which is the chief source of the ill temper
not to become a littie bi.lqu- ,,wveel g'),d may re- r. Duane's arguments tend to verti tiis po- both the bark and thle wood of the trunk are en. which. is said to characterize a certain class of a
sult to his master ; and Lthe;' the felit.is of ilt, n io.. i a" tiherd'ore. admoiislhed not to contend tirely co:vevted intc sloe. Iion pyrites and certain sex, it would add much to the comfort of
rr~ai wuid e i,) prt. I-ee.,-ot 11, o manS4ddomest, Xc iceWe doubt, toowhether,
!m-ani wouiJd be no part or the goleninment'h cvw for Homo' jt doctrine, supported by Jus- crystals of quartz are eviieni lli-, ina!ish;b!y in inany domestic circles. We doubt, too, whether,
consid.rauiouIn l I h ,.... ,., his acts. tih th thit tie preciousnetalshavean exchange, this petrified substance. ThetreeCitseif is i; the ol the matches formed in this way, an equal pro-
o, Oii:is, wit,'out doubt, had a motive i, able value, ani re inprted and exposed, and bed of the river, and the rocky bottom of the portion would iiot prove as happy as of those
writing hib book, he is too ,ld a poincian to nave the eb ctuate i!>t quantylt in diiereCnt places, stream is formed upor, it. Some of th rocks made in the usuai manner. The prize being
noloc, h kri vn, tio ldy vv; eter for t without atlllae
none, whch doubtless he has attained in his pre- I n 't I s'o-umes h oappcar altogethel- certainly in sihu, which rested ui),-n tihe tree' kn wn no lady w ':.: enter for it without at least
sent mission. *aod, ul, tiur hil secod doct.rie, that notes pro- were taken up. They were a species of the lat- as much reflect n as recedes ordinay marria-
I am gratiiied in saymig of Don iOnts, lie owect | nisg to pay li spce iuctu,..te still more in est saId s.one. No others petrifactions w, re dis- ges ; and, althug t getienan would run the
me no counesy. I h.ve iot in ith ,.iilest lutIyaas -laniis .wl n isue tour or live notes- covered in the vicinity ; orr did the.e appear to isk ofan unolca ant helpmate, he would by cer-
paric bre, deceiei, eniher i t;he cupacily o. for tone.I a"(.""m it speciC, a l call tlhe,m i in the be a .y quality ot the water which produced this lain of onre of the objects which is supposed to
piincieus oi the man aid though he ,ans cu. stin piopolI:,.;!.,I5.I, also, for) his third do. renar.kable result. be essentii to connubial happiness.
cludc a trcu*v, with tie United States, it i in- .-, that th0 ",lue of ,Jy circulating mediu. I .Large sp.cimensofthis tree have been brou,,' [,. Y. Amer'.
possiolh any can be decei ed in ,he causes wiich risee a, d taids according to its scarcity and abun- to thiscihy, and will be deposited among the vari- --- ea--
ieJ to is c,.:clusion You know 1 never W,...: dance. ous co!li.ci, ns o;f the countev FREDERICKSBUTRG, SEPT. 26.
friendly to t:at treaty ; i could ti..t approve it It woukl be painful to see a correcpond- We Vunderstand that Mr. Schoolcri',ft, who ac.. lurder.~It has seldom been our
But, by a reference to the state papvj's) it wii *;ce tenim;te .ith tHie helanch)ly, lhopelessidea companies Gov. Cass, and who has remahind at painful iot to record a more barbarous transaction
be found that, tifteen years ago, perhaps mote, that it only mtk es col(.usion worse conlounded, Chicago for a few dayr, >iah c *llccted ,-. the facts than that which to.k pl.nre in Caroline county,
those who had an agency i thattransactuon were and that wolunes; on potical economy have been which could be ascertained, and which could re- on Sutday :fight last,. *^ the ..,i .,. ,,, nar-
favorers of tie pisest bountiaary, What diliiciil- written m vaiu. Mr. Duane's must be a te ribte f1eet light upon this .i subject. /iia ticulcars in relation ,.i., p we are indebted'to a
t', ticn, hadl he ? Was it the dae of tihe gra.,ss duty to) wriL1., dail.y only toi make darkness viJb), miner;a.logic;l and geological acquirements ..re g6entleman, a near neigl r to the unfortunate
to be excluded ? Was it the Duke of Ai,'^, ,, which; lo avo, ri Urop t,,y pen. well known, and there are few men in our coun- vhicms. On tas night above mentioned, three
Loun-t l-o.ion lRostro, anid oenor de Vaitsa-s' PiLO-JUS 'INIAN. try who ame more competent han he is to put'sue white men, (s is supposed,) got into the house
grants? it Don Ouis Had not known the da"e such an invest nation. The'scientific world of an old "man, by the nama of Cotts, whose faro.
orathoe grams, he oiuld not have snid, in hi d e try, s t the te stick derie ro tie nmay expect from him an able and interesting i"y consisite, besides himself, of a n.aiden sister,
oleowe, that he hhad good reasons heir hkihiji bie gi.its. mnemtioir. an old woman, and three smull ,egroes, alloof
that pai'tai uiar day, and that he would not hayvs i i(y tile published statement of the Missouri Bank, This tree must not be confounded with those whom had retired t.i rest One of the latter, up-
signed the treaty it any other day had bees pro- I whwh ias just taded, uie speie ;auiunted to ,c.,2o4,, partial or local petrifactions which ar- freq.ue.tiv ,o hearing something frall, cried out, who's
pose. .aa tie notes, crcru.auo, to :. .... found in springs .nd smail -treams. It is entire there ?"-..when immediately the assassins com
I .ave sometimes been amused with tle petty -.. ----. difkren. in its character and its position, and the menced an indiscriminate attack upon the whole
-li. t ,..,.., of the subjects of Kings, who seem to o ., .a Jac,' C'iiub Rn., substances in contact with it claim for it an anti- family, cutting and stabbing with knives, or other
endeavor not lo forget to callus i subjects ot either .lL a. ,u, over e ".naons qucourse on qu"y at least coevval with that of the bed of the sharp instruments, and mangling in the most
of the contracting partiess" o'subjectsof the U. Tuesday to9th oifOctober nxt, i'mmediateh af. river. But we must leave to others, who are shocking manner, the bodies ,,f Mr. Coats, his
States.. .Don Onis, though, when about to take lter the Easton, races, a Jockey club |,rseof not !ess than more able, the task of speculating upon this in- .'ste.'' .nd the ld wo-" a who lived in the house,
leave ol his nbster, to go to Naples, calls him- 30U0 eat four nte each, carrying weints asree. teresting and unexpected discoveryec a wrile l)yi' iv is .....; a.d ., ...o..ly
se"' a c.tizen ot Spain *." to. t .e les o. t c- b winding two of the neroee-tihe third, w ho es-
For mysClf, I anl easy; Kings and Emperors ,o e e.1 be run lor -., ---- caped with less jury, tho' severely cut, was the
cap never rule as heretaiore ; they \ili be .eld On ihurdvy the 1lth, a sweeostak of ut less thrat >G L.N.,Sm. On Lore DA. -it o gite the slot, O'rhe neig!cbou s re-
as accountable men. Those motions in Europe, S100, l s, ts three i,!s ,-1>, h ree or any horse, mtre horse, r, | tea con r t ? t l, tr ai"tr ty) the sp t, a horrc tPr. iacle resented
are those ol the people, which military power or g etlaug, the wniiAtg horse on the irAlst day excepted.t tra," hobaiirie'sof t'" "'- e a*e o0t' ewm, 1 I se.o,,vsihe elh'1 ,',""' ill blein oiw m ied bohii, ;l...y groar-
may check, bun can never des.coy. Trie roll of JAMES~ WiLL iASOi, Mlexico ; on the south., l-oint Kiver; on lihe'n.-a cin Iin gt andi bl-eding on thei- bCi, 5; buit the *murder-


popular opuinn is like thLe wave of the ocean ; The subscribers to the ocv club re r of' lakel, and tlhe i tevtiluent river, St J..hA; omi tn, ers had fled. When our inorm..nt left the h,use,
a slow vast volume, but reistible call and pay ter ocey lubarreuesed to nita, the t ive Amazjura.: and it alpearing th,.a ispec, Mr. Cots was )lying in a, s-nse.cv s;ate. His
B so w v ast vo bunte it Irr si tifbleeailland lpa) tleo tr r specti su!t)sC~ lption's. Is" s li e
When i began, I only hiended to thank you The members of tleiC cb wi. ,me.t at Wiliamson's aIoe addo W W the esonvINc sist d the t womrn who ivd with him,
a a~ ~e r o UscesonofUe nw m G twe tind elst rda rn] unlce de wl, W!te rewstof tie
Nr the lemto,,, which had given me some plea- Hoel t iMe even ing previous to the r .ct,. ritin to pain re i o t M w ue, o% n drd ar, e since d tdo n tle rust of"h
wire anu etployment, botll in the reading, .'d Annapuis, ep 8-ll-Uld thority iroiim me, as a ienasuire obviously of pluencc !: r'ouded are n1t expected to recover. The ob-
cftectinguponthecowmparati'.elthavpiness TLords respect to myselt, aN.d of usuice to others, I mai n, eeI of these iihiman wretches is sup ose'd to
and Com ns, Kings and Congress, of citizen A pubc. H i.,;, have been plunder. May spdv justice overtake
Of every description' evcuted at this Office. u, a, l--2wl;n Westmoreland county, Vs. them. "















SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 29.


W e understand hlic i.,1,'.] in vessels arc u.V -
der orders to cruise in the West Indies and
Gulf of Mexico, for ,te protection of our tradc,
viz : sloop of war Hornet ; brigs Spark anwd'En-
lerprize; schooners Porpoise,. Shark, and Granm-
pus; and several other vessels of war along the
coasts of Florida and Georgia.

The Aeic'andria G z'rtte of yesterday asserts,
that the question, who is to be the next Pre-
( sident ? is now agitated by the public with am
" much carhe-stness as if the election were spee-


( dily a spprot:ching ;" and follows up tbis pr,.laec states etIlly a g'ovwriient, and not rather a mere
with a column of remarks o0. the iTierits ai.d cha- league of independent nations, held together by
Xycters, i' iic and private, of several gentlemen nothing but a sense of their imniediate interests,I
considered to be candidates for the high office. ald naturally expiring whenever that sense hap-
te l of pens to be it.i the smallest degree weaktened ?
n t. ..,heassertion o the Gazette is It is under the influence of such counidera-
fi' ,. itt -..t,.c. The question has scarcely tions as these that iii,......., the example ol
Sj...,t ,.i' *. .i:, c:.cept incidentally, in any of the South Carolia in the unanfim s.iisupport givenI
public pi'imts whh1 h-, .' met our eye, much) lss by her Legisloture, diuriTig the last session, to the
has it been discussed i lth earnestness ; and thse principles expressed in. the following report,I
might possibly produce some gotod at a crisis
entering into it at thi ly day, sc deeply and mtha appears to us so full of li, aut.. as tihe.
seriously as the Gio as done, is, in our present. .
humble judgment, ,'..B | and injudicious. *The nm...c to vi hoom were r''ferrced'thlie pi'ealobile
The hasly introduction o this important question alod resolutions directing our Setators, and requestiingi
Sbidde by many co ur Reprseitatives in C .... :, to oppose the propo-i
into the newspapers, is forbidden by many consi- s1d aleratuo of the 'I .... o fittedd by the honp,.-a-
dcer.tions, obviouss to the least reflection. We will ble member from Chesterficld,
nts5i'lSI'ICTFULT Intl'lrOT:
Ot rely observe that as it is unnecessary, it woulh: 'T .'at l ey hlase had the same under consideration,
be ungenerous, if not cruel,to take up,thus early, and ae of opinionn thliat they oujit not to be adoiptid.
the names of those men who might be deemed l'hat, altiogh your connumttee do, in c.i.m.,i, they'
believe, with the great majority of their fellow citizens,
aspirants to the Presidential office, and expose and particularly those in tue Southern anid ta.,tern
thicrn, even for yeais before the question can be sltb s, entirely conlcur ..ith the hontrable memb:.ras far
as the general principles of political -cii,,nmy involved
settled by election, publicly to that species of in tue resolutions, are concerned ; although they most
animadrversion and scrutimuy, which always attend earnestly deprecate tdie restrictive syte:n alerupted to
be forced upon the country, as premature and permncious
thie examination of personal character and quali-. -as a wretched expedient to repair the losses that have
fiction. And what is more to be deprecated-it been sustained in certain commercial istricts by impro-
would, we may vidnt and misdirected speculation, or of a still more
would, we may presume, have an influence- .unwarrantable project to uikak the most important in-
pci naps a very unhappy one-on measures of terests of the community subservient to the most micon-
great moment to the Republic, which might sidrablt sad to compel those parts Jfit which aare til
prsperouisand flto '_i,;.. to .i,;1... t h V their
grow out of the national counsels, during the long uuier ruin, to fill 'i.. ..i..-,i o I ..... .' I i ii thi
intervening period. We are persuaded it is un- other: Yet, when they reflect -,. ,1- .. i-a.,. at that
tirle univ(ergally f=It, of' reguilatimg the coimmcer'Ct ofthe
'necessary to eniarge on the impropriety of taking coniitry by more enl.,rged and unitimir principles, was
up the question at this time ; and we think our thil tirst motive th'tt induced thie calig a colnvetiun in
'87; w-iIen th,)' consider I lt, among ilie powers ex'-
public journals have, so far, shewn a comnmenda- p-esxt1 givet up by the states, and tested in Cungrcmss by
ble reserve on the subject. W e hope our nit- h ,i,.. .',, '*. is this, ery one of enacting a A laws re-
b c i ,. ., ,.i 11 ... .. ,,i i r.e : uburve (1!, when the\ advert to (it,.
bor of Alexandria wil also abstain fom a ltur- conseue1. hke.y to res iiron the prac a ilo 'r-
thuel discussion of it at present, nd .reserve for a tunately b coue tdoo common, of arrayiia;g, on qu-sttuous
more fit period the valuable suggestions which of ititOlal p( cy, tie states as disunct at l ink lpinuent
f i p sovi'erigntues, in opposiiton to, or 'vlha is mnucli Ilt same
he 1no doubt has in store. The people are atten- writing, with a vl.w' to exercise a control over the geecal
tive observers of public men and measures ; and government, your coiitt' e fe" it to be iteirr,;el;s,-
sable duty to prois-t against a t. a'sure, on i lici ulie
if tiere be.among the public servants any indi- conceive t" tendency ito be so riischimvots, andt to r-
-viduials who are looked upon as suitable persons I commend to tl0C house that on this, as on every other
o .. .f t.h 0 ) ,occasion whr tilhe common interes'.ts of tihe k rnilic
to fill the high station, they will be cIlsely o- are in qestio, y adher. ty her to thos, wise, Ibeiral, alid
:served, and the public judgment will be silent- magnanimous principles whluchit lhis state has beint
hitherto so proud',\ distuguished.
ly formed by the development of capacity and to so p
virtue in those who aspire to the highest
M EW-YORK. 'SEPT. 23.
honor. .Nr p'al., r aid is not yet wanted, and Nfai larm-..Last even g, a ;ittkE pa.st 1)
sto intrude it would only do harm. o'c E pr i.--p ipl lal of th. cei ; t ilihe
"--- a--- f' '* the b :tist n-eetin,-ho, s' ,r it ,ca The New York Convention have, after a long'- Chryalic ad Delancy store t, t .'ld Le'th,.:1 cihu'rch,
debutte, decided, by a vote of 63 to 59, to extend Iof which Mr, Ch..'se' i pas-ior, se), .'. 0, a
the right of saffr:ge to free people of color.t- body 1rom i te rafters, and fell with a t'rencnious
-crash to the fi, or.., 'he |)laste!'mg, laihing, an
Thii decision is censured in some of tl.e New clash to the h* or. m'he uiastert'g, latting, anti
iurriniu, or plankintg, by which it was alhixed to
York papers, and the Philadelphia 'Press thinks the rafters, came in a s. ,id mass t,,O.thr:, and
flx qcjestion will be reconsidered anid the decision dini:'ed the pews on which it 1t i,;y m iiaterial-
reversed. The National Advocate, one of the ly. Had tis drtadrfui accident iap, tned during
tapers which disapprove the decision, makes the thlie tire of divine service, tie consr quitnt de2-
: ., -,,,kts tructi. n of lives is-ust hav len lairne tiabiy great.
SSet io.is mischief was occas'.ioed iby an tunfouid-.
VWe have always considered the question of ei arm soon alter c-omnmencing xwt.rship in tils
blact rights and privileges a very danugeroua new' building ; a crowded con grec;aunti precipi-
one in this country, ,her-e a large poriol of the tated themselves trom the giale ies and windows
Union held slaves and- couid not get rid of them, i,t the utmost terror and confusioi to the great
'1 heir oitu'ala rights will not be disputed; but injury ot limbs and lhe loss of'clthing. But, on
iHe -ve exclude them.n fromi the halis of the lc, exanimining the building, the suspicions of its in-
gislatre ; trom, thte bench. he bar, the jury box, suI-ffiencv were dissipated, acd the house has
tand tie} :.l ,, it is perfectly ridiculous to giv since been excessiv.-iy thronged, without appre-
Ihem the right -of suffrage-.-a right which they lensin of danger. ilow sirong;y should acci-
do not appreciate, "which thEy cannot value, and dents of this kind enforce attention to strength
which, in this c 'i,, i.. c.,,l in the federal and security in erectnig and completing edifices;
vward is a itere r :.iin 4.
is ae o i d deficiencies may he the niears oof fatal copne-
1 We are incapable ofinfriiging the rights of quencee to huinlreds Ev. Jouirnal
.any person, black or white; yet it will be recol-
leet,:d, that the blacks enjoy privileges andex- The King of N ,.. .ty aLady Morgan, never
eruptions which the whites do not ; they are goes rth to the schae without arming i imsell
Sr i .- l by the laws in their persons and within a heron's foot, whirh lie places in hiss button
p:erty m thcir civil and religious rights and hole, as the most effective charm against the
this permission to vote is of no value, and is un- IMonacelo, (the Neapolitan hob tnblin,) or a-
poitct'~


NEW YORK, SEPT. 26.
Extract of a letter, dated Buenos .lyres, July
2, 1821.
Accounts from Chili to the Soth of Mav, and
which may be relied on, state that Sir Thoaiuas
Hurady x as violently enraged w;th Lord Cochrane
and ihe Chilian- ,.,.- ,,, .- 1, Ior thec violation of
thme. British :I! i t i i ,. per blockade, as he
termed it,and indsuhts -:ecivcd lby his _offlcem'
whlton claiming- deser:,It i It appears Sir' Tomas,
HaIrdy went to h u.ru..- but -whether he arrived
there before the id .I 11. of Gen. San Martin
and Lord Cochrane, I cannot say : but on his re-
turn to Valparaiso, he called a meeting of the
Briusih merchants, and int'orim:d them th.i t the
aggiressimist of the Chihlan government could no
longer be borne ; that the conduct he h: ld to ob-
serve was evident; tn.-t he considered the block-
ade as unlawful, aid should resist it ; that hie
sh;,uld. protect B ittsh property in lawful comsi-
merce x hle afloat, but could render no protec-
tion ashore, which he infoitimed themrn for tleitr
goverrnent; an, t uat they reimaint.d at tiei, own
peril among a people with whom hs government
had no connection. It appears the British meir-
chants became minch alaitrmcd ; bht the Chilian
gofvernment.will dotubtless rio all toits power to
prevent a rupture with tlihe British.
A thousand iine-n of the Chilian troops had em-
barked at H-uac: fur Pisco. It was in contenm-
plation at Limri ;.,t ,t t ,- i to all nations,"


On Monday tile 2- ot. atlFredericktown, Md. THo-
MAs, infant son of Mr. Uxim. Gvarow, Druggist of this
City'.
On ithe 24,to inst. at t.ichmond, Va. of a billhous fever,
Air. BtEa-AMi, W4Aisju, Bookseller, of Philadelphia.


against the ii iuck of meeting an oiid w,:mi-an, or C
priest, as he crosses the threshold-boti il, onions
for the day Wh en Loud '* .* ca'ue to anm au-
dience to take leave of his m.aiesty on his return
to England, the King told him he had a little
bouquetd'adieu for hiim ; and wieni his lordship"
pr hbabiy dr,'a. --cd of i gold snuffbox-, with the
royal face setround wiih brill'ants on the lid, he
was presented with the her-.n's foot, as a spell a-
gainat a'iaccidents i- an Enugish fox erase, and a
denime1brauce of royal friendship and Neapolitan
field sports.

The following ,d.i -,..'seuuu is literally copied
from a New Jersey p'-'- : l'obe st-l, on the
8th of' July, one hundred and thirty one suits at
law, the property nf an eminent attorney, about
to retire front business. Note-the clients are
rich and obstinate."

Capt. Davis, arrive Boston, from Java, re-
ports, that the Cholera Morbus had been raging
for some time at the Eastern parts ol' the island ;
and at Batavia it was raging with great violence;
many hbar -died, and the greatest consternation
existed among the inhabitants.
There was a formidable expedition fitting out
at Batavia to take Pale-"bautr. The government
of Batavia had received orders to spare neither
nmen nor money, but ro take it.

MARRIED,
On Thursday evening, 27th instant, by the Rev. Mr
McCorm;i'k, Mr. lDAVIn Aitmas HAL. to "Viss SUSAA AP-
THonRP BULrisCH, c 0 ". il "a I. m ,l' hl- Bulfinch, Esq. all of
this city.
On Tuesday eveninir, by the Rev. Mr. Matthews Ma-
jor'T. CoOss to Miss EIZAR S. daughter oathe late William
Biradly Bcanes, Esq. of Upper Marlborough.


RnYlt 1S T OE UsTHEIt PATRIOT.

At a moment when so0ne of. i'te nme,.bers of
thisvest confederacy seen to be losing silht of
!he prii!c,,ies *pol which it wal fmA. d, it may
bi; p'iiper to ,iv'e '..I'l i, to every itstalnce l a
-.edl',o, a;,hr'Ki ce t. them inn t I res t. Our's is
Sr.),li< dly-we had a UlboSt udhhdd, nl',,tuU-
awi i/ .' t tnut h -ti governt'.'(i t u;th' eld by upni'iin;
and to all whlo swill but coisili,:) the subject as
.ieiiuis!y as its importance rci tires, it .usit be a
Iatier of the deepest ireget to sec the t iumph in
certain quarters, of doctrines that .sarev whoriy in-
comptrpatibl' iith every idea of: perm.Tannt union
and efficient government. If the imajrity ot the
state legislatures should imitate that of Ohio-
nay, ifa single state can, isoopternontiemit of the
laws and the tribunals of the land, declared in the
most solemn manner by dhe coi silution we have
all sworn to defend, to be sup'em.e, iold out in
measieres of contumacy and li '.,e ,i,. what is
our gover:-mirnt ? Or, is the tMion of thesf


ch.nge.
The fluctuating fortunes of France during her
revolution, grew out of the perpetual fickleness
.1 its giverninent, which, changi;ig every day
its shape and its hue, exhibited a succession of
tyrants more intolerable in their sway than ever
would have been a long unbr.'ken line of heredi-
tary deApotism. Constitution-making was redu-
ced to a system and a trade; and the Abbe Seyes
could equip nations from his pi-,'' 'A-! -le a, a
merchant taylor would fiirnish an i,.ll' nuiial [i...ii
his wardrobe.
No 01 it is scarcely credible that in the United
States, or any of them, there shotid, at this early
period ofpiur.histoiryexist any overweening desire
to alier the fundamental institutions of he state.
One would think that the elements of the system
had scarcely acquired adhesion aid symmetry, or
b. er moulded into strength, whentit is proposed
to sever and disunite them, or the purpose of
fhrmniing new coiiibinauuns. Thus it is :hat t..,e
spini of i:inoi ation is ioreveir at war with expe-
rilIce, and wisdom, and antiquity. And vet an.
tiquity or itself is beautiful, iike the drap.ry of
tinos,' on the venerable oak. But in politics, an-
tiqjuity is reverernd. l gives character to a ,ia-
Ui0o, and ance-. y to sites'-conlnicting the past,
the present, and the future, in a common bond of
allf ction and cenotxn.
VWhat is new is to a certain degree strange,
ared must be experimental. The commi.on con-
s nut of nim.nkind, therefore, regards with distrust
every effort to iinovate on state constitutions.
We cannot then but regret to .perceive the
popular propensity to re-noodel existing systems.
Partial bwt:'Iiis may result, slight blemishes may
be removed ; but the whole 4'abric shakes and
trenbles, as in the concussion ul a tornado, which
soin.tlimes lays it in ruins whiie proving its
ati iigt!).


I I1E Roman Catholics are irivited to meet at St. Pat-
S rick's Ciurch on Saturday, the 29th ist. at. eleven
o'clock, A. M. on some highly interesting business to
them.
sept 28--

Superb Estate for sale, within five milesof Wash-
ington.
'STrlH a view to a more interesting establishment for
a large and growing family, I will sell my Saint
tUsyth Farm, in Prince George's County, Md. five miles
from Washington city, and the same distance*lrom Alex-
andria, containing 783 acres, with 100 acres of timothy
meadow, producing fine crops, always in demand, sixty
acres of prime tobacco land, and 310 acres in wood ; the
arableF land has been highly improved by clover and plas-
ter, and na le, of which there is an inexhanst ble fund in
the centre of the farm, and is much adapted to the
growth of grass, as well as every description of grain,
Whch renders it equally advantageous to the grazier,
farmer, and piinter. The improvements consist of a two
story dwelling house, witlf4 rooms and a large passage
on each floor ; 5 tobacco houses, and every other house
req iredon such an estate, all in good order; a .most ex-
cellent garden, and an orchard of the finest fruit. This
farm will bear dividing into two, one to contain 500 acres
and one 283 acres ; but either might be varied according
to i'aiicy. A greater bargain will now be given in this
land than can be had in Maryland, combining all its ad-
vantages ; and for health and salubrity of air it stands uin-
rivalled. Any part of the crop may be had with it, con-"
sisting of 75 toni of timothy hay, 20 hhds. of tobacco,
near 200 barrels of corn, &c. The usual proportion of
the land wi.t be s.own down in small grain, and the time
of p sessionn made to suit the purchaser in the event of
a disposition of the crop on hand. It is confidently be-
lieved that, by attention and management, all the crops
might be doubled in a few years. The present product
will amount to upwards of10 per cent. on the sum that.
will be tako n for it under the present reduced prices
Also, 120 acres of unimproved land near Washington
city, chiefly in wool.
Stocks or real estate will be taken in part, if the na-
tore and situation be such as to comport with the objects
of this sate. WM. IIEBB,
near Washington city.
sept 29--2aw2m

A TEACHER WANTED.
vF'tHEi Trustees of the Petersburg Acaldemy will, on
i the 1st Saturday in December next, elect a princi.
p.l 'teacher for the ensuing year. The situation will be
a desirable one to a gentleman of experience, capacity,
and attention ; and no one need apply without satisfacto-
ry testimonials in those respects.
Persons wishing to obtain the appointment are re-
quested to address their communications, post paid, to
JOB. JONES, Prest.
Petersburg, Va. sept 29-2aw4w

UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.
SAI i-l Medical Lectures will, as usual, commence on
I. the first Monday in November.
JOHN REDNMAN COXE, M. D.
Dean of the Medical Faculty.
Philadelphia, aug 1-sept 11-wtdif

SALE AT AUCTION.
4 ILL be sold at Dowling's Tavern, F street, on Fri-
iV day 5th October, 10 o'clock, A. M. precisely, all
the personal estate of the late Francis Costilo; consisting
of Horses, Carts, wearing apparel, a silver Watch, and a
great variety of shovels, spades, picks, &.c. &c.
Terms of sale: Cash for all sums under S20; and
over 820, a credit of 60 days, Notes with approved en-
dorsers.
B. F. F3rIElNCIT, Auctioneer,
sep 29-


taria .i -tem..
"l k ire lest aony n.,n impose upon you by philoso-
phy .,.1 .- ur i ilan, .''. ,,' : to the tradition of men,,
rcci'ii.h, .., ih i uid,.ii.- ..t'the world, and not accord-
ing to Christ: for iu himr dwehlkth a'l the f'l'ness ol the
Godhead corporally."- Colossians, ii chapter, 8 9.
By the Rev. anthony AIholmanni
Superior of the Catholic Seminary at -V.-I.iii'-t.'-i city.
0f'The two first niv"nbers just published, and for sale,
by HIENRY GUEGAN, Bookseller, Pennsylvania avenue,
between Tenmson's and Strother's Hotel:
Subscribers residing in the District are requested to
send tfor their numbers.


rtWashington Iasylum, I
September 2,1, 1821. 5
I) ROPOSALS will be received, at ibis lItiitution, in.
J til '1Thursday next inclusive, for executing the
PLASTE'I'HINt, to furnish or ini fiornish tai materials-
and ail the TiN WOliK- of the Budding erecting at the
As" lum.


FRnot T rr. e CisALTtoN coelun. I WASHINGTON THEATRE.

Th'e frre; ry o sYale i-i '.., to alter I MR. NICHOLS' & MRIS. BAKER'S BENEFIT.
'n ar'] .'d the c tnstitution does not augmr favor- -
ly for the duratrin of otir Republican Institu- On Saturday Evening, Septembet 29, 1821,
oi:s. The fi ,unamentua la w of a community Will be presented (first time these two years) a celebra-
'e Qp' o.ieOsnlit'r ib xixsrom and reflection and ted Play, called
:c..ni:y ini its adoption. It is the cardinal rule., AB-1EI.EL.NO, The Great Bandit.
i i winIh I all cq..icsce, the expression of impor- Andreas Gritti, Mr. Warren Cardinal Grhnaldi
tanl and unquestio;;tbe principles. Once es- Daudoli Hathwell Mr. Scrivener
tal)uish d, so. far as it is wise, it will control the Canari Wheatley Memmo Jefferson
prosperity of the community-bein0g the pledge Flodoardo Woo,' 'Matheo Darley
of its security, and the assurance of its power. It Parozzi Robertson Senator Johnston
ill abov e al e Falieni J. Jefferson Aballino Wood.
shoud, above all thi.;ags, be pe en, bearing Cntarin Baker osamonda Mrs Wod
Scloise rcs'n-bilance as it doe, ti the Ifoundation d. uella Jefferson
of at-, edifice, which is buried utder the carth After the Play, the celebrated Polacca of
that no curious observer may spy out its defects, j Soldier rest, thy Warfare's o'er,
and attempt to innovate up-n it. Now, as the composed by Mr. Clifton, to be sung by Mrs. Burke.
strength of the foundation is chiefly discoverable i Patriotic Song-The Star Spangled Banner, by
in the superstructure which it supports, so the Mr. Nichols.
strength of apolitical constit tion is best ascer-I The favorite Duett (by desire) of
lt,.ed by the Iblessings which grow out of it. l'tsI Well," in character, by Mr. Nichols and
And as it is perfe ctly safe, and sometimes expe- Mrs. Burke.
di,-Mt, to ailer the portico, the balcony, or the
roit of an edifice-but unwise, if it .1 be avoid- After which (by particular desire) a Comic Piece, called
ed, and dangerous to meddle with its foundation, THE REVIEW,
le't you undermine anld destroy it-so may, we Or, The Wag of Windsor.
within propriety amend and alter the minor ricTgu-
lations ol the state, leaving in sacred security its [For characters see bills.]
ori'gins)l charter. Cmisistency is beautiful even Ti'e public all e respectfully informed, that for the re-
t mainder of the season the curtain will rise precisely at
in itself, but consistency in legislation is all-im- a quarter past 7 o'clock.
portant. invade one, established principle, and Mr. i-nd Mrs. Jefferson's Benefit on Tuesday evening,
you set them all afloat. sept 29-
As the world advances in learning and in light,
niew truths will arise, U1_"I .'i ......, will sug- UNIT T{AN ISM
lvest themselves to i,. % -i..ti 1 ,. i' or; but if Philosophically and Theologicaily Examined:
every thing new is to be adopted, and c, ery thing yN ...,; .,pe,.,.,i;r-, i.,tmbers; comprising a com-
old to bc discarded, nothing will be constant but h A pi.i,. reiition Itl the lh-,Iing pr rc';.;. of the Uni-


C. G. WILCOX, Sec'y.


NOTICE.
SILL. be s':Id, on Saturday ihe 29th inst on the pre-
r inises, on 9th street, at 10 o'clock, A. M. for cash,
lthie following property, to wit: one Bar andi Satires,
one Partition, one Sign and oPus, one Shed, i.acK, and
Trough; one Bake-house, Bricks, and TroUghs, one chest
of Drawers, four Chairs. Seized and iaken; by virtue of
distress as the property of Patrick Lowling, to satisfy
rent in arrears due James Gannon.
SOLOMON' HUtBlBARD,-
sept 25-3t Constable.
AUCTION NOTICE.
r ILL be sold at the Auction. oomis of B. F. French,
V on Saturday the 29thi inst. at 4 o'clock, P. M. the
following articles, on a credit, viz :
1 Carriole ald geers,
1 ( g and do.
3 Ten plate stoves and pipes,
Windsor Chairs, 'Tabies, 'ureaus,
24 Fancy drawing room Chairs,
Bedsteads and Sackings, &c. &c.
B. t'. I" i,-I II, Auct.
sept 27-
.l!Ldoit- C, c i. aIt VI( ..i
4~N Monday, Oct.1, at 11 o'clock, will be sold, in front
So' Messrs A. & A. H. Adams's store, on La'irason's
Wharf. Alexandria, the cargo of the schooner fieetor,
captain Snow, consisting of
42 hhds 1st qua!ilty retailing Molasses
16'- b-hA -Ms ackere ..... ... .. *.. .
it bags Winuts
10 boxe, Starch
3 bales Corks
25 boxes Chocolate
7 casks Raisins.
6 baskets Sweet Oil
1200 lbs 1st quality Cheese
97 boxes Soap
17 1-2 qr., 1-4, 1-2, and Pipes, Sicily an:'1 Madeira
Wine
28 1 2 qr casks Ma'aga do
50 bags Pepper
5 bales Russia Sheetings
12 :oxs Wool Cards
460 baskets Table Salt
Terms liberal, and made known at sale.
S. A. MARSTELLER, auct.


sep 29-t- 6t Alexandria, sept 29-
N'OTICE. I ,, ',,",,. / ,Ell :..;,.m.
I'tiHE Members of the Board of 1.1-r.rien rid Board N., i ,, ,|., il. ii. i:t,',. .. '.. *i :1 .1 I
i. i oi C mon Council are hr' ', ', -.I it.0- the Oc.- will commence the sale of a very destrable lot Dry
lober session of the Council will ..,r.u,,. ,-.,, Ionday (oods, consigned, and w;ll be soldt for tie must they
next, October 1st, 1821, ait 3 o'clock, i'. A1.1r will bring, an 4 and 6 rminotlls credit, ('or approved eu-
ERIASMUS 1. MIDDLETON, dqrsed notes, arong .them are the following:
Secretary Bosit, of Aldermen. 1 case extra sup Prench Cloth
THO()M 4, L. NOYES, 1 do do Ltondon do
Secretary Board of Common Council. 1 bae assorted Clotha
sept 29- 1 do best miledi (assimere
POPOSAS do do Blue Cloth
PROPOSALS 1 do saved list do
ITILL be received until tle 51 of October next, by I do saved hlst do
Stlie Commissioners of the Eastern Branch Market, 1 cse nav be Sewing Silk
for 10,000 hard bricks, to be delivered at the Market- 1 do blk do
House, and for laying the same in pillars ; and for the 1 do Crossbar Silk lihkfs
Carpenter's work required ; at a deduction of so much 1 ti a* soru-'t 10 b!,i:
per cenilage upon the present prices. By application to 1 blk edo s
say of the Commuissioners, the manner in which the work 1 adoss mesi tassinetts
is to be performed will be explained. 1 do Carlmesi Cassgetts
ALEX. McWILLIAMS, 1 do Carl se Ginghams
ADAM LINDSAY, 1 bale Bcmbazett
MATTHEW WI'GHT, T'he above lot goods will positively be sold for the
sep 29- Conmissioners. most they will brit.g.
Will be added, on 6 months credit,
WARRENTON FEMALE ACADEMY. 10 bales Burlaps, assorted numbers
S. '-, semt annual Eximination of the pupiis in this es 2 do stout grey Plains
,..blishment will commence on Monday the 12thl, 1 do l'usi ings
and close on the 14th day, of Nnvember. Gold medals 1 do 3 point Blankets
wilt be publicly p.esenied to 'several young ladies who do Rose Blankets assorted from 9 to 124, these
will have completed. their education, and who will evince. are the heaviest land best ever offered in this District
a radical knowledge of the higher branches of learn 2 cases fancy Vesting
nut ustlly attained ton reaie' semli.iies. an .- 1 do blk enshaws
ut' of Trs ,I "1 do bl' forffufines -"
Je'duc /in of Terms. 1 case stout Milled Stockings
The tere:'.s for the session, commencing the first Mon- 1 do do do (Cloves
duty it january, 1822, will be B60, being 20 per cent. 1 do Irish Linens
less than heretofore. This surm will pay for board, wash 1 do do Dowlass
inir, and tuition in Reading, 1 riling, Arithmetic, Gram- 2' do Domestic Plaids
min:r an t Parsing, Geography, History, Mythology.Belles I do do Sheeting
l,' tries, Chymistry, Natural Philosophy, and Astronomy. 3 do Iussia Sheeting
T.ose who remain a sufficient length of time at school I bale Etiglish; I. '. ., p.opeting
wi;l also be instructed in Zoology and Botany. R*. '....L GAITHER, auet,
'-Pens and ink, paper, &c. are supplied by the princi- Gergetown, sept 29-ts
pals, and for these a regular charge of 32 50 per session
is made. All the requisite books may also be had at the NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC.
usual store prices; besides which, no ex'ra expenses areET returns his thnks t the public or
at,,wed to be incurred, excepting such as may be au- AMthe encou recent tl h thanks to t wh since for
th'orized by parents or guardians J the encouragent that he has met with since lie
In ttlis Seminary there are three gentlemen and one commenced business, and minorms them that he has hlw-
laiy constantly engaged in teaching these branches that ered the price of making dress coats to 85, vests 1 25,
are included in the first charge. A competent appara and pantaloons 1 50, and all kmins of gentle-ien's cloth-
tus it employed for the purpose of illustration in Natu- ing, such as is customary for tailor's to make. ieH pledges
ra! Philosophi and Chymistry; a!so,sapairof large globes himself to have them made chtaper and better than
for KGeraphy, and a very complete orrery for 4strono- heretofore, and he flatters himself that, by this nmde of
my. Familiar lectures, accompanied by experiments, doing business, he will ba able to give satisiacion to all
are frequently delivered to the whole school. I those that may call on him, at his shop, opposite the Se-
The pupils all board with the principals, and regular- ven Buildings, Pennsylvania avenue.
ly attend divine service every sabbath. sep 29-3t
Music and Drawing have their respective teachers,and
form a separate charge. There are three excellent Pia- A FANJM FOR SALE.
no Forest kept for the use of the pupils; and in this, as virtueofa deed of trust from ..r D. Avery,
well as other departments, the course oc instruction is dated the 26thi day of January, 1 I.' .,i tne purpo-
solid and radical, nothing being taught by way of cate- then seco entonday of Januarythe ndext, proceed, shall, on


Payment to be made each session in i
The first session in the year ends ea:
there is an examination, but no vaca
session ends in the middle of November
vacation until January.
Each lady is to bring with her a
blankets, sheets and towels.
JOSEPH
THOSE. P

Warrenton. N. C. sept 29-wt jan 1


advance.
-rly in June, when
nation; the second
w, when there is a

coverlid, a pair of

AND EWS,
. JONES,
Principals.


the highest bidder, tor ready money, at the aoer or the
Court House of Wood County, state o' Virginia, 2 tracts
of land, situated at Believille, in the count, aforesaid,
.the one containing by estimation 153 acres and 73 rods,
and lying on the Ohio river; the o'her containing four
acres, lying-inear the last mentioned tract, and including
the milis of the said Avery.


GO. MAYERRKY,
JOSEPfI SP:- N(.-It,
Belleville, Wood co. Va. sept 99--eo3m Tiustees.


Valuable Houses and Lots for Sale.
TO THE PUBLIC. If ILL be exposed to public sale on the premises, the
S it is the fortune ot'f but few (however honest they first day of December next, on a cr, edit of six,
A' n may be, or think themselves to be) to get through twelve, and eighteen months, the following property in
the diierent stages ot lihe, in the capacity of their dif Georgetown, District of C(,Aumbia, viz:
ferent occupations, unnoticed by the tongue of slander; wo ree story brick houses on Bridge street, e
so it appcarstobe my unhappy lot in mniy declining years longing in part to Miss Sarah Robertson, aud to the estate
to have no escapedof the late Thomas Robertson, deceased. Lots No 20,
there hs been ome person or personsso unkind to 21, ad 22, i Niagara stet, upon which is a to story
me as to set in circulation a report in my eighborhod brick tenen, a aine a td parts of
(and it has spread far abroad) that, upon a reviewal of Lots No. 90 a nd 91, on the Fox Tract, situated near the
two hogsheads ouf my tobacco that were passed for crop rgetow College, ad o to the estate ae-
tobacco in Baltimore, were found, deceitfully packed MICHAEL NOURSE, Trustee.
therein, second tobacco, sand, &c.; and, in order to
make the stery tell well, some were pleased to say they sept 19--awts
were present at the reviewal of the said tobacco, and NOTICE.
saw it to be so. Now, that I may acquit myself of such fIHIS is to give notice,tia. the subscriber has obtain-
charge, and expose the weak judgment or malicious and IL ed from the Orphans' Court of Washington county,
slanderous intention of my accusers, the public are re- in the District of Columbia, letters testamentary on the
ferried to the annexed Certificates of Mr. Edward Hall, a personal estate of Caleb P- Gardiner, late of Washington
respectable planter of Prince George's county, and Mr. county, deceased.
Richard Mackall, the inspector, concerning that part ot All person having claims against the said deceased
my crop that people have been pleased so to talk about are hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouchers
their perusal of which may, in some degree, contribute thereof, to the subscriber, at or before the 29th day of
to the reliof of their injured fellow-citizen. September next; they may otherwise, by law, be ex-
sep 29-3t JACOB RIDDEL. clouded from all benefit of the said estate.


July 7th. 1821.
I hereby certify, that I-was in Baltimore the 2nd of
June, 1821, and saw one of Mr. Jacob Riddel's hogsheads
of tobacco re-inspected, and I saw nothing in it but crmo.
tobacco. EDWARD HALL.
August 4th, 1821.
At the request of Mr. Jacob Riddel, I do certify the
two hogsheads of tobacco of his that were reviewed at
Calhoun's Warehouse were handsome, red, and yellow,
except at one e.id, which was short dark tobacco, but
sound, and that there was no second in either hogshead
to my knowledge. p'r at MACK useLL,
Insp'r at Calhoun's warehouse.


Given under my hand, this 13th day of September,
1821. MARY GARDIINEi,
sept 29-w3w 12th street.

Planters' Bank of Prince George's County,
Sept. 20th, 1821. .
S HE Board of Directors having this day declared a
rl dividend for the half year ending the 24th inst at
the rate of 6 per cent. per annum, the same will be paid
to the stockholders, or their representatives, on or after
tuesday the 25th inst.
TRUBMAN TYLER, Cashier.

sep 22--wSw


sep 29--


f










..... slitutionwhich would sujieto remove ail doubt f my door, others ;o ce strevwe in the market-,
CIOMIU-. C T _1IONthe es"i:ti.nce of such ,ofqncPs to sfme extent at place, that people may stumble on them when
CO.....UNCA ION. least jif it were not a necessary precaution with they little expect it. This gives a grandeur to
.......... .... ..... ... that bodU to conceal thr. names of individuals in, fy customs far beyond the display of the Ene
or coun'ected within, ithe fepst n1dies, who send things that I buy. This makes my enemies fear
TO uIE nrrois oLSr *''rl- :TA.,'i ,,,i. rn ELiUrEcn. them, .'froi: itane Foiti'es, usef, d information. me, and gives me a great name in the country.
-- The ti'nlswissio 'jf it otherwise might dan",r- Besides, if I neglect thi.- duty, would my ances-
Gentemwer : We ha, e seen. that the scheme of ousty Jepose the nathors to popular odium or pri- tots suffer me to live ? Would they not trouble
t I' Alrican. Conmpan'-y <.i( :onecd by Engk-a br rate resentment in that country." It is here ad-' me day and night, and say, I sent no one to serve
introducirc.' rts i rtrivilzaiion into Africa, rt.ied, that doubts have existed, which are re- thetu; that I only cared for myself, and forgot
co-rieniced in mnric:ss, was pursued in ingra- moved by a secret correspondence, never product them ?
titude, and couti.. Ues in sordidness and hypo- ced, and suspicious f'rnm the care with which it The-few we can spare from death we sell to
crisy.. is concealed. The report of the Institution ad'- the white man, and they are happy to escape,
From the time that Sir John Hlawkins was irits that in the old Islands (Jamaica excepted) death for slavery. White men, they say, will not
knighted by Elizablth, 1563, for stealing from there has been, as yet, no inducement to trans- killius, and-we may. even droid punishment by ser.
the coast cf Africa ihic.e hundred negroes, gress the law in this respect ; and, in reply to ving our new masters with fidelity."
wiAch he s.ol in l isp.niolai, and had the ad.i- this, a committee of the assembly of Bahama Such was thelangruage oftheking ofDahomy, &8
tonal reward of the command of her niajesty's islaids, in their report to the house, state : such the practices then existing It was a barter
ships tihe Je-,.s ard the otlormon, to pursuer a si-; Whether the Bahamas were in the contempla- fliibertyfor lfe,. I am no apologist for the slave
rilar voyage on her m:.,ist 's own account, ,up tion of the writer of that report, is uncertain ; trade; but have my doubts whether its abolition
to ti priest da,, h.ei wilh canting hypocrisy but the truth is, these Islands ihave (ong been will miitigate the sufferings of the African, if even
Engla.nd endeavors to make every other nation overbtulcked with islaes. This is abundant pro- they have the sensibility to feel the degradation
subser vient to her sordid views, by suppressing ved by the gradual depreciation of negro proper- of slavery.
the shive trade in one quarter" to favor it, on ty during tc last seven years : by the tax of 20 What the practice at Ashantee is at the pre-
hiirhly advnutagcous terms to her, on the coast of pounds a head, imposed by a colonial law for the sent day, will be seen by what follows, from Mr.
Africa ; i s >y froi) th-t day to the present hour, last 20 y,.-ars .d upwards, .on every slave ir- Bowdich, the accredited agent of the.d/frican Jsso-
her conduct has been all of a piece : sordidly, ported ior s.al tronu tie other colonies ; and the citation, to thie Kin':
mean, jealous, arid insincere. Wearing, like constant anJdety of nearly all the .large slave- If any subject picks up gold in the market-
her huckster officers in Cape Coast Castle, the holders for an o,;portuniry of removing their place, it is death; the scourings of the mud being
badge of honor, and sailing it by the most pitiful property to some other place." The committee a royal perquisite. A creditor may seize a debt-
and dirty occupations. I turn with disgust from arc not satisfied here ; they declare the charge or, or any of his family as slaves; and a slave may
one scene to another equally disgusting, for to be as false as the insinuation of it, proof is Ire murdered by his owner with impunity. The
which ever way I view the conduct .ft England in insiduzos ;" and, fIoin the language of the re-. King is heir to all the gold of every subject, from
her African transactions, my mind revolts at it. port of the Institution, anid the nature of the the highest to the lowest.
Your correspondent deniies that the British' proofs, when compared with the one and the On the death of the King, a most horrid scerine
XWesi Indies are well stocked with slaves, in outer of Mr. Wilbrilorce, no one can for an in- of human slaughter takes place; all the sacrifices
comparing; them with the neighboring islands," stant doubt that he was the author.of the report, that have been made for thedeath of every subject
says that slaves are smuggled into theom in spite or adapted his language .o -uit it, :nrd, i s., ieC- during his reign, being required to be repeated to
of every effort to. the contrary, and mentions a ponsible for the a-sertion 1 will t yhid m.,ltUr amolify that for the death of the monarch, and to
law for the registry of the slaves, as one of the rest here, and briefly e. nmine wv.letcir th. ic- solemnize it in every excess of extravagance and
most efficient measures that could 'be adopted. gistry was calculated to nn.e;i..iate the coring barbarity. The brothers, sons, and nephews of the
We will see anon how far he is correct. of the solve ; for i h;,ve :,. Ih n v,'.. r.:.' King, says Mr. Bowdich, affectingtemporary insa-
First then of thq I stock" on hand, and its pro- called ibr by aniy ecessity for preventing smug- rity, burst forth with their muskets, and fired
portion to neighboring Islands, according to Ed- giing. A few prominent circumstances shall promiscuously into the crowd.
wards, who' is considered good authority, there suffice. Persons of rank stay at home at such times,
are inl the English Islands 450,000 slaves, a I shall premise by saying, that this Institution and drive forth their slaves to be sacrificed.
great part of whom wei brought from the coast has always been at variance with its professions. Human victims are slaughtered at the death
of Africa ; other and later authorities place the Five-and-twenty years ago the abolitionists dis- of every member of the royal family, the captains,
number still higher. The number in Janmaica is clauirn.d all intentions of interfering with the gbv- caboceers, and all in fact, who can afford it. The
known to be 319,000, Barbadoes 69,000, .and ernment and condition ol the negroes already in present King, says Mr. Bowdich, a very able
An1tigua 37,000,; this is ascertained from official the plantations. In order the better to reconcile and benevolent sovereign, devoted 3000 vic-
repor:'s iaid before Parliament, making the gross all parties and all interests to the abolition of the times to water with their blood the grave of his
amount in these three i-.-rids alone, 4.25,000; slave trade, in 1808, the same pledge was again mother."
whereas the whites amount only to 48,757, to solemnly given, both in and out of Parliament, by The present King of Dahomy held converse
iwit: Jamaica 30,000, Barbadoes 16,157, and the same party; and though, irom the beginning, with his deceased father by means of his victims.
Antigua 2,590, which is a proportion of about the most strenuous exertions of their leaders have Whenever he wished to announce to him any re-
eight to one. 'ever given a i.rect lie tu all such professions, it narkablc event, or consult him on any emergen-
in the French West Indies, including Cay- was not until thc icport I have just noticed made cy, he would send for a messenger, deliver his
enne, according to official reports in 1780, the its appearance, that the African Institution ever rand, '.rd chop off his head. It sometimes hap-
number of slaves amounted to 188,632, and the acknowledged in. form the duplicity of their re- doncd, after the head was off, he thought ofsome-
Whites to 21,032; being a proportion' of six peated pro-ises. About the year 1789, the thing more to say. On one occasion, in the pre-
sla'os to one white; and if we add to the numn- British association above mentioned furnished sence of Mr. Abson, the messenger declared he
ber of whites, 6,S74 free blacks and mulattoes, the prototype of th-e ne in France, called Les did not know the road. "I will shew the way, said
we reduce the number of free population to J./mis ties .Aobirs, and a review of tihe conduct of he tyrant," and with one blow with his scymetar
slaves, as oriv five slaves to one free person. It b-1h would is't t oiy ser;'ve to lessen the sur'prize severed Is head from his boly, highly indignant
ill 'be perceived by tis stateet that the that Umay have been felt at the revolt in St. Do- that an European should have witnessed the ieast
three 1,ands of Jamaica, Barbadcoes, and An- mmigo, blt to raise our astonishment that tihe reluctance in the performance of so honorable a
ligua alone. have 256,7t0 slaves more than thie: enslaved negroes in the Brirish Islands had not duty.
,whole f the French West Indies, that they more given the exaIpl, tand hAt it had not beenhfol- These execrable massacres fall indiscrimi-
thr double the number that the French have, lwed by those f our own country, But I am lately on subjects and slaves : but of their pri-
that the proportion of slaves to free persons in treading o dangerous ground. sonrs taken in wa, now that they have no ot her
thre Brtlsh Iands is cight to one, whereas in The old cc.lonies had ceased to import slaves way oIr-eting rid of them, the slughter is still
t Ie- Wr'nc est Indies, they are otl as five to long previous to the abolition ; conseisquc.tly, more dreadful, Look at this ye philanthropists,
one. It may be objected t at this esttma:e or tlhe vas of liAle imrlrilato injury, xcept to and ve abolitionists, and ask yourselves seriously,
Fretch ppulation, which irr thile authoiity; thse directly concerned in supplyiog Cuba and whether yo. are promoting the cause of humanity
of Mr; Nec;a1, in 1780 is of tro eld a -ate but otr foreign colonies,. where negroes were .in in se-dinru- to the blood stained chores of Africa,
I answer, that during the French revo!utie-on great dead, The British planters, therefore, the descerndents of those whose lives have been
here was no augmrentrlion to tr 'r ber of sesibie of Oii i:nconvetuicnce or resentment, wC ,ecleerned by the white man's gold Many have
slaves in the French West Indies, ih the led into a eceitful securitM, not by the rori- doubted, and still doubt whether thc condition o
win-0 population 'as cDnsiderably ricresanu by ses o[ toe aiot unistJs, hbut by a roli e onar te n isbete b the c o i p >,
cci;; r i the nervo is bettered by tile c"haoge.
exies, and voluntary emigration, and that the liamet. P-liaent is called on o interfere with May think, and with reason to, that in the
inportatinon of slaves into tielI, since that piiri- te govei rinent a-d condition of the rnegroes 1, has o aran r who interest i is to preserve
o,eas no proortiowhtever to the importa- alrea in te taons by a direct taxation nds of and hastr whose a interest is to preserve
tions of the Britih, for betwveeii the years of and registry oi tlie slaves Tihis n r but ohis life and health, and who iust necessarily
i gistr:y of the s~ives. TI-fis :D::: urc, but do sc provide all his wants, ie is happier than
1783, anod 1787 iniclusively, thero were impyforted for !lhe u'eekiress J' the c,,oni0 -would havm can- w-henin Iris own country, with the sword of a ty-

the latter period to the restriction, 38,000, aunu- couinti, 6Vncd u oe iguoran-ce of the slaves who T.he author of the ca parigs of the Bitish
ally', hlave been imported. Fpm the best esi- took up tihe idea ha their iasters helid thimin arny in America, i speaking of the treatment
mates that can be made, the total imports iito unjustihiable slavy, in opposition to the l of slave in Jamaica, says, e outcry, gener-
all the British colonies of America and thc West England, produced itisurrections which caused al in Englanda 'iat ti ys eiyof ou velsers s,
Indies, from i680, to 1786, may be put at iS30- the destruction of many valuable lives and- an is qui. e absurd. o'an, e uey o overseerswatin
000 making on an average, upwards of 20,000 imm sense ariount of property, before they were humanity, is so footiah as to render useless his
annually So much for the stoek on hand, supri-essed. lropety if healee no better principle t di-
and so much for the proportion it bears to the Before I give a narrative 4 f some of the prin-ect P i, the shavme policy wc prevents an En-
number in te a neighboring Islands." iliat this cipal e vets which took pace among the slaves, gish farmer from overworking or causing hisEn-
stock will increase is certain, while pregnancy i I take the liberty of showing the condition of te grse, wirh toevemt a veet inda oerciant from
add lto the valueof the female, and the birth of negro is his own country, and contrast it with overworking or abusing his slave.
a child adds value to the estate, as is now the what it is on a plantation. The reader will then be A certain numniber of hours in each day are at
case. better able to devise whether, as Justice" inti- their disposal, when, if they cihuse to work on,
We will now see what grounds there are for mates, the registry bill was beneficial to them- th.y are paid so rucr for their ser-ices ; if noi,
the charge of smuggling, and in due time exanm- as t measure of precaution,it wasas I have shown, they are permitted to amuse their serves in any
ine into the benefits resulting fiom the registry unnecessary. r they're permitted to a food, themselves in any
manner they please. Thi.ir food, though course,
iWh. The African, by his intercourse with the white is wholesome, and such as they have been all
When, itin 1815, Mr. Wilberforce stated in Par- man, is taught the value of that liberty which lie their lives accustomed to; their houses, though
liament, that he had received accounts of slaves did not knnw before, and of course did not know not ele ganti ar in no respect imfer o to h ger-
having been smuggled into the lritish tWest I,- how to appreciate. In his own country he was era nity of cottages allowed to tinfe poor byto the genpa-
dia Islands, in violation of the restriction, he did a slave to his chief, his possessios his family, rity oficottagengand;lloed to the poor by arte spa-i
what your correspondent seems to do, lie dicJ it himself, and even his life, were held by thie will they are removed to airy hospitals, where as
hersitatingly. There may be considerable smug'- of, and at the disposal of a king, whose splendor nTuhriatstentiond is pid to tiheim as if they were
gling," saidhe. 't IJhave received accounts, &c. consisted in the number of victians he had the people o rank andconsequeenice.Biutraboveall,they
!Fe iould not mention names, but lie had received po'Wer ofininoiating to his resentment, or to thIe never' iranessed with anietnes for therr fani-
accoutnts. He did not know but he should move manes of his arcestors. lre nev cr distressed with anxietes or their fami-
for sone ioIcial acconrrts to show the instances in r. 77 .in. o.r cod e y ktohe lat t'at their chiidven will re-

not linssetf received any ac- ofwhite men to su'ppress tho slave-tradeto 18 19- n'n lionhre, anm, threr'ere, they chic withotnt any
counts which led him to think slaves were siurag- when Edward Ilowdich conducted a mission to of those lar:nrwitg dreares which so ioequent ly
gled into the islands, but there is a part of a re- Ashantee, by instructions froom thhe" Afri naddf the death-ided of" or English hbo'rer'. ult,
p.rt .J the .dssembily of Jamaica, which is so ex- A.ssociation," to propitiate an extension of' coin- it asiil hbe s'ii, thie are slaves ; anil in lthe. word
traorainary, arnd which does make a statimenent to "i rce," the power of the kings, and their cus- lvery is cos pr'ehl t nde a the iv or d evils that wod
hit so conviing, th't he should be surprised if tomtis,.have been the same. Nay trace them up ca n hefal a human being.. Thie is all vTry-wel
any entlea of copet .... r 'a.ini could to the highest antiquity that we cntr r'c:ch r's- in heory, ard cno doubt every man, born free,
a2 m '" "oter ;ds ,in i,,l, 1''11, 1 ga tg .,. power over would risk His lie e lo pr neehis liberty; bu
A"d g'rounts of suspicion., time hie ard p'Olroerl'y orf hii subjects, the most oh' tese slaves have never known what
And what is this circumstance that affords Tihe blacks, (says the King of Dahomy,) dif- freedom is, and it is absurd to talk of a man's
of theo gn.oueratspiion ofaollIn aconsequsence fer as much front the whites ir their dispositions pining for he knows not ",hat. Latterly, indeed,
number of aspaaves retxrnd was greae the it as in teir colo. ; and since it has pleased the ,hanks to certain humane individuals, who, Wvitlhi-
hadnumbeen the pslavreceding years greathe thein itn same great king,who formed both, to distinguish out possessing the slightest personal knowledge
luhad been the preceding years. e ence con- mankind by opposite comnplexions, it is a fanr of their situanon, have pitied then so loudly that
clost lthere mrst ave been smuogghling. Oh conclusion to presume that there may be as their compassionate expressions have crossed
.'hlbera ne an ipotet conclusion ." Mr. great a disagreement in the quaitics of their the Atlantic, they h.nve began to consider them-
W, lbror-e was called on, repeatedly called o min ds." selves as ha'diy treated, in being refused the
o proofs, and could furnish none. God made war for all the world; and all peo- common birthright of man. 1he consequence
The f'fican Institution," alias Afriean ple, black or white, practise it, although on dif. is, that many negroes, who were before cheerful
-ompany," alias S'rra Leonie Company," for fererit principles; according to the lack man's and happy) are now discontented, gloomy, and
it a.,.ears under all these titles, a body unknown principles, the prisoner is at the disposal of his ripe for the most desperate attempts. Yet, as a
to the laws and constitution of England, having conqueror, and he may kill or sell him according proof of their folly in desiring freedom, unless,
no particular interest in or connection with the to his will, I have killed many thousands, and indeed, that gift were accompanied with the pos-
Vest Indiles, for their interests lay on the coast shall kill inany more; for when policy or justice sessim of the Islarcs were they dwell, by fa'
, lcyt _stuc epos igorant andmis-, re'uie thtenbpto thr thep f wo ei bfas


! .o,'-da boay deplorably ignorant and mtis-^ requires that men be put to death, neither silks, the readerr part of those slaves, whom their mas-
inior aed as to the local institutions, usages, and nor coral, nor brandy, nor cowries,cani be accept- ters iiave at any time enfranchised, after wander-
nece.ssary policy, of theIslands-a body, of which ed as a.substitute for the blood that ought to be. ing; about for a while, the most miserable crea-
ir. Wilberforce is a member, if niot the head- spilt for justice'sake." tures on earth, return, and beg, as a favor, to be-
.this body, in a report to Parliainment, state, That oui have seen me kill many men at the cus- received once more- into .their original state of
letters and personal communications have been toms, and have often observed offletders at Grid- slavery
received from gentlemen of respectability, to the whee, and other provir-es, tied and msnt to m, Such is the testimony given by a dispassion-
secretaryandgeneral committee of the African ln-t kill them. Some heads I order to be placed at ate and disinterested witness, and such our own


judgment and experience iniorms us is the con-
dition of the negro slave every where.
What was tht effect the Registry Bill had on
that condition, must be the subject'of another
communication, for I have gone very far beyond
the limits I had prescribed for myself in this.
TRUTH.

TO THE EDITOR.S.
Gentlemen: We were, of late agreeably
surprised to meet with a pamphlet containing a
number of Latin Theses, the production of sev-
eral young gentlemen who received their degrees.
in the University of Transylvania. The state of
Kentucky is indeed to be congratulated on so
rapid a progress of literature among her sons.
We are likewise of opinion that the University
deserves no ordinary .credit for this bold essay of
her pupils; particularly since she is the youngest
of our sisters, of whom few have hitherto given a
similar proof of their attachment tu the noble lan-
guage in which a Cicero, and a Livy, a Horace,
and a Virgil have immortalized their names. We
would not be understood, however, as intend-
ing to convey the idea that ihis first attempt was
destitute of faults : on the contrary, the Univer-
sity will doubtless consider it a favor which we
bestow, if we point out the most prominent blem-
ishes in those Theses,that, in the course ofanother
year, they may appear less exceptionable and im-
perfect. The first fault which occurs'to us is in
the nature of the Theses. Theses are certain
propositions, extracted, as it were, from the pith
of any science, and laid before the scrutiny of the
public, to be defended by one or -by, ,reatur
number of disputants. The positions may be
particular or universal; but each branch should
be fully defended and discussed. Suchris the
acceptation of the word inm the language of the
schools where it was principally employed. The
Theses ot the Transylvania University are not of
this kind : they contain no more than the elemen-
tary notions of each science, with some defini-
tions and very few propositions. They tell us in
what each science consists, or what it teaches-
and that is nearly all. To form then an estimate of
the learning of those young gentlemen mentioned
above, from the subject of their present Theses,
might be rashness of judgment, and unkindness to
their literary establishment: we rather wish to sup-
pose that they did not so. much intend to give a
specimen of their vast compass of knowledge as
of their proficiency in the Latin tongue. We
must add, notwithstanding, that, had they chosen
other points to be treated, it had perhaps been
preferable, because the contents ot their pam-
phlet do not'appear sufficientlyworthyofgraduated
gentlemen. Admitting, however, that the chief
object was to impress the public with a favorable
idea of their acquirements in the language of
Rome, yet candor compels us to state that we do
not unequivocally sanction thegenuineness oftheir
Latinity. Nay, an acute eye might perceive many
inelegancies of style, and (horrisco referens,) in
putting on our Latin spectacles we discovered
some barbarisms,and not a few solecisms. Take
the following examples, which will serve to illus-
trate our assertion : Page 3. These' Politice.
Here we read these memorable words:" Sed po-,
sitione utravis assumpta, fructus imperil fact oh.
ligationem." The concluding member of this
sentence is so sublime that it is almost incom-


the most distinguished writers camiaitt'Jd to. me-
mory. This might bt performed as soon as the
student sufficiently understands his author; let
him then declaim those pieces: his mind will
be thus exercised and invigorated, and sup-
plied with the most eminent models of eloquence
or of poetry. Does lie afterwards intend to write
Latin? The fit expression, the appropriate turn,
present themselves to his mind. Even for his
English compositions his memory will be use-
fully furnished with splendid resources from the
classic age. We do not pretend that, in scienti-
fic productions, the Latin should be always of the
Augustan standard; this would be frequently im-
possible. But we expect it at least to be gram-
matical and intelligible, void of solecisms,and free
from barbarous diction. Having given these few
hints tour beloved sister of Kentucky, we trust
she will profit by them, and that, as sh% has excit-
ed curiosity and attention, she will exhibit some-
thing more perfect for the following year. It
would be indeed extravagant to require from her
absolute perfection, but we only desire to find
ourselves at that time justified in repeating
------Ubi plura nitent in carmine non ego pauneis
Offendar maculis. A .
MUS"E AMERICANJE.

TO THE EDITORS.
G,* tHra'n : While'the agricultural interest of
the country is happily interesting the peculiar
attention and talents of the Union, it is suggested,
as not less expedient, tj the mechanical shall
be fostered and brojughl ward. What would be
more honorable to o Intry than to see our
artists and mechanicsome men qj[fine.-ino
mationiKabits, anctr-acqkreftteit' ? Would -te
arts for which we now pay Italy, disgrace Amer-
icans ? Would it not greatly conduce (by de.
creasing the number of the idle) to perpetuate
the character and independence of our country ?
It is well known that the number is daily increas-
ing of young men, who, after a valuable educa-
tion, are turned loose upon society, and soon
fritter away their capacity, and dissipate their
morals and health. These are the sons of opu-
lent parents, who have not the firmness to be sin.
gular, and to seciee to their offspring the-benefit
of their education, (and health to enjoy it,) by
giving them an honorable trade. It is unfashion.
able in these anti-Roman times to work, and the
ignorant and poor only are destined to acquire
the arts for which we have hitherto employed fo.
reigners ; and the present generation are left to
the superlative honor of heing the choice spirits
and dandies of the day. Is this the way to hand
down our names and characters to' posterity ? Are
any envious of such honor ? Is it not time fora
change ? Let the government then digest and
establish a suitable plan, (not unlike the Military
*School at West Point)-admit one hundred well
educated and well recommended youths, of the
age of 16, annually, to serve five years under the
most respectable practical professors in the ma-
son's and carpenter's arts, and at the expiration of
that period let diplomas be granted to them, and
in all future public'works to be erected, a prefer.
ence be given to its members, and a new era shall
open; a spirited, active race, preserved by labor
from the vices of indolence, and inured to the
manly exercise of the arts-honored by their
country, and ready to serve when it calls, shall
follow. A. B.


prehensible. The writer means to say that,
whatever opinion is adopted, we must always 100 DOLLARS REWARD
obey the government. But how can this be cor'- OR apprehending my negro man BILLEY, who went
i'ectly expressed by fructus imperil facit obliga- IL off' the 24th of last month, in my absence. He beg-
tionem ?' In the same piece, too, are found sonic ged a pass for 7 days of his mistress, to visit his mother
new-fangled expressions : Omnium jurium atque in Rowan County. I have since learned that he purchase.
privieg'ianrun. The next number shows it to be ed a free negro's papers, with an intention of getting
rio tyorpel er-n-or as pe s WS 10 to the state of Pennsylvania, thus taking advantage of
no typographical error: -Has privilegias sulas. an improper indulgence. He became possessed of 50
To make it at least decent Latin it should be to .100, and was well clothed; went away in a blue
hare sola privilegia, for the word privilegium is frock coat, I expect he will endeavor topassa fora white
neuter. Barbarity may be again discovered in man. He is of a light yellow complexion, negro-curled
the ensuing phrase : rec siere oppressionem hair, about 6 feet high, modest in his behavior, and
te ensuing phrase s ne siae opiessic peaks easy and plausible. The above reward will be
prcerogativis datdis magiptratibus quarr ob paid for taking up said run away negro, so that I can get
abusum non sunt obnoxii." A feminine relative is him. H. CAMPBELL.
here annexed to a neuter substantive. Theses Fayetteville,;N.C. sept22-27-2aw3w
Rlihtoricre, p. 9. Litterae polite secundum
bane divisionenm ejusque etymologiam, quam- In the press, and will be published in a few days,
que scriptorum elegantium species conti. A FINAL REPLY
nent, qux ad menitem erudiendamr, imagi- .,o te numerous slanders circulaedby Nathaniel
.. Chapman, M. D. Professor of the -Institutes andi
nationem delectandam, aut cor movendum de- Practice of Medicine in the University of Pernsylvani;
signentur.'.1 This passage is far superior to any BY GRANVILLE SHARP PATTISON.
in Tacitus, for mysticism I tmrean, not for con- An hypocrite with his mouth destroyeth his neigk-
ciseness. Darkness, it is true, is a part of the bor; but throughknowledgeshallthejust bedelivered,"
sublime, but as the sentence in question wants a Editors o the ollo overbs, chap. 11, v. 9.
it unlukil wans Editors of thee following newspapiers will please to
verb to complete the period it unluckily wants insert the above three times, and transmit their accounts
sense. Theses Ethlic, Page 4. Hoc imbecil- for payment to G. S. Pattison, Baltimore:
tas, scriptore in moribus, aliquatenus emende- Richmond Compiler and E enquirer, Petersburg Intel-
tur," &c. 'Scriptor in moribus, for a moralist, is ligencer, Winchester Republican, Norfolk Beacon, in
an original expression, aid which we are indebt- Virginia; Raleigh Register, Wilmigton Recorder,
ed to tiathor ofthes lines aoe for its recentFayetteville Gazette, in North Carolins; Charleston Cou-
ed to the author ofthese lines alone for its recent rier, City Gazette, and Columbia Telescope, in South
discovery. Theses in Vaturali Pilosophia looks. Carolina; Savannah Museum, Milledgeville Journal,
somewhat like an anglicism. A Roman would Augusta Advertiser, in Georgia; Nashville Gazette,
have said Theses Naturalis Philosophike orex Na- Tennessee; Lexington Reporter and Monitor; St. Louis
"urali. Page 4, we meet with these words: Enquirer.
iProcul dubio homines errant; autem errant non sep 27-3t
tantum, &c." The conjunction autem is disloca- CHEAP FALL GOODS.
ted, f.r it can never stand first in the beginning of ~ ICHARD OtSBOURN takes the ea:iiest opportunity
a sentence or'of the members of a sentence. T71e- i'1 to inform his customers and the public generally
ses Me.taphysieo, Page 7. Animus, etsi natural that he has removed to the store one door east of Wm.
similis in omnibus generibus entium quos cum S. Nicholl's, and'opposite to Foxatl's row, Georgetown,
idere nscius, in gada valde differt" The where he is now opening the most splendid assortment
po.dre oscimus i gradu vae divert. e of fresh imported Goods that hias ever come to this mar.
relative qum s being put in the masculine instead ket, which he pledges himself to sell lower than they
of the neuter gender, is sadly solecistical, can be had in the District; among which are the follow-
These few extracts we deem sufficient to give ing articles, viz:
an idea of the whole. The learned public will, Superfine Cloths andCassimeres
without hesitation, agree with us that these The- "White and r.ed assorted
ses should never have been printed in such a Rose and point lt.ur, -
condition, especially as we might be inclined to Brussels Carpeting, vcy -'legant new patterns
suppose that they had passed the revision of the Ingrain do '
President and Professors. To comment on the Figured annd plain Brmbazettes
scientific notions expressed in -the hescs, would Worsted losiery, one case assorted
render our observations too diffuse for a newspa- Irish Linens, Sheetings, and Lawns
per publication. Yet, we are far from wishing Nanl-ien rand Canton Crapes
to discourage the infant University from a vigo- Italian Sewing Silks, assorted
rous pursuit of literary- accomplishments; for, Fine dark Ginghams
Furniture l)imities
notwithstanding the errors commi.nitted in her first Green and blue Senshaws, for covering umbrellas,
essay, she may ultimately succeed, and may in- lclck and Irab hat-band Ribbons
spire her elder sisters with a laudable emulation '. .r, 1' t -. Fi, r hat li i-'gs
of cultivating an illustrious tongue, which has Spitalfielht and flagg Handkerchriefs
been hitherto, perhaps, but superficially studied. figr.. edrid plain imitation bousk do
We would, nevertheless, advise the President i'i. I ,r,'...r.,, ladies'kid and beaverGloves
and Professors not to suffer their pupils to grasp Merinti Shawls, expected daily
at too many branches of learning at once; for if Cotton Yarns, large assortment
that be permitted, they can scarcely acquire soi- sept 28-6t
dity in one. Moreover, it is obvious that to write JOHN TUCKER,
with tolerable accuracy in the Latin language, we White a.t Lock Smith and Bell Hanger,
should be perfectly acquainted with its grammar EGS leave to inform his friends and the public that
and phraseology. Among several students an lie has commenced business in the above line, on
irregular custom has prevailed of perusing many Pennsylvania avenue, nearly oppos'tc the old theatre,
authors in Latin, but of writing little. Expen i- arud trnts, by asihlnity and punctu:ality, to merit a share
once, however, has proved beyond doubt, lithat of the public far or.
lbth should be mutually practised and repeatedly 1L. '. TmakCes a d repairs smike andM wind-rup Jacks,
enforced. It would greatly conduce to the ac- ,rahnem!, d stes, and pmiieth working general.
quirement of this language were select pieces of sep 28-eo3t