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National intelligencer
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00033
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: September 22, 1821
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00033
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text













WASHINGT'ON, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1821.


PUBLISHED BY GALES & SEATON, The Charleston Courier, reverting to the pro-, THE NEW SENATE OF MARYLAND.
tRBEa TIMES A WEEK DURI46ia TE SESSION OF0e1 oo S position in the Convention of 1789, which would -
AND TWICE A. WEEK IN THE RE vESS on t l On Tuesday the Electoral College went into a
Priceforayear,- sidollars in anc. have given Congress a negative on the laws of election for a Senate, for the next five years
Those suscriingths, r a ear, who do not, either ate time of the several States, to which the general objec-. The result was declared to be as follows :
ordering the paper, or subsequently, givc notice of their wish tions are insuperable, founds an argument a :pos- John Stricker, 26 votes.
to have theie aerdisornined at texpiratio oltheni'r, trioriz against it on the fact, that between 60 Isaac MAf,~ 26 -
will be presumed as desiring its continuance until counter-
.-anded, andit will be continued accordingly, at the option and 70 members of the last Congress were appli- John Step hn, 26 5
of the editors. cants for places in the little province of Florida." William Price, 2 "
The Courier has inadvertently varied the terms Joshua Bronkey, !r ,
1- i ) T .- --- 1, -- -I ;,-] Joshua Brownley, -1 **
'A--- ... .'1- of the statement on this subject, which has been qaniel Kent, 27 "
--made and suffered to be repeated without con- Robert W. Bowic, 26 "
tradition. The assertion, to which the Courier John IWootert, 26 "
THE CONTROVERSY BETWEEN THE BANK OF refers-from recollection, did not limit the appli- William C. Miller, 26 "
THE U. S. AND THE STATE OF OHIO. reel I E iel F. Chamber% 28 "
THE U. S. AND THE STATE OF cations to offices in Florida, where there are zeiliam e Stuart, 26 "t
This controversy has, we understand, from an at most bhut half a dozen offices worthy of -their Solomon Dickinsont, 27 "
unquestionable source, come to'a final issue in acceptance. It was generally, that so many mem- Robert Orrell, 26 *"
the Circuit Court of the United States for the berti of Congress were applicants to the President illiam Quinton, 26 "
.District of Ohio. To give our readers a distinct for ,uffce. This assertion-," wtriave understood All the gentiumen are P. ,'l._,r-.
comprchension of that issue, it isnecessasy, to in- .l-roi very respeciatie autortntyl--a-greatea The following is the ticket voted for by th4
form them, that a bill in chancery was filed geration. It is not to be wondered at, that there Federal members of the College:
against the collecting officers, of the state to res- should, among upwards of two hundred of our Roger B. Taney, 10 Andrew Ellicott, 10
train the collection of the tax imposed by the most respectable follow-citizens, have been some Robert P. Magruder, 9 Rielid. Carroll, 10
John C. Herbert, 9 Levin Gale, 9
state ; on which an injunction was granted. Prior who were recommended for appointments to the )anL. Murray,. 9 Wmi Spencer, 10
to the collection of the tax this injunction was Executive. There is nothing in the constitution P. Emmerson, 10 R. H. Goldsborough, 10
served; but, as those officers supposed, and as or laws of the country which forbad it. Although Clem. Dorsey, 10 oWbert Dcnnis 9
A. C. Magruder, 10 E. K. Wilson, 10
they were advised by counsel, that it was illegally we acknowledge it to be desirable that the legis- [Two Hepublican and two Federal Electors absent ]
served, they proceeded notwithstanding to collect lature should be rendered, as far as practicable
the tax, and levied 7)00,000, about S20,000 in independent of theExecutive,we should not desire PstENSACOLA, AUG. 25.
specie, and the residue in the notes -of the corpo- to see the principle operate so far as wholly to ex- The United States schr. Porpoise, commanded
ration. The counsel for the Bank, entertaining clude them from office. There are indeed some by Capt. Jas. Ramage, arrived at theBarancason
an opinion of the service of the injunction differ- offices for which the experience to be gained by Monday morning last, after a passage of eleven


ent from that of the opposite counsel, proceeded
against the officers for an alleged contempt in
disobeying the injunction, and the Court adjudg-
ed the injunction to have been legally served ;
but, at the instance of the counsel of the officers,
continued the prosecution for the contempt until


service in Congress would be an important qua-
lification. This, however, is a matter of opinion :
we only meant to state a fact. An intelligent mem-
ber of the late Congress, than whom no man is
a closer observer of passing events, informs us,
that, upon a consultation with other members,they


the late term of the Court. could not reckon up more than one-tenth of the
The Bank also instituted an action of trespass, number of sixty members of thelast Congress who


square clausumfregit, against the officers and the
sureties, in their office bond, for entering its of-
fice at Chillicothe, and forcibly seizing the
-2100,000; to which the defendants severally
pled not guilty. After the seizure, the Bank
amended its bill, and stated that fact, obtained an
injunction to prevent the negotiation of the notes
seized, and prayed a decree for the restoration of
the specific money and notes which had- been
levied. Thus the Bank had in operation three
remedies for the recovery of the sum taken : 1st,
the bill in chancery ; 2dly, the proceeding for
the contempt ; and, sdly, the action of trespass
--all of which were ready for trial at the late
(September) term.
The Court pronounced a decree for the resto-
ration of the identical g 100,000 which had been
seized, with interest upon the specie part of it
from the time of the seizure until payment; and
granted a perpetual injunction against the collec-
tion of any tax in future under the act of Ohio.
By an arrangement between the respective coun-
sel, the attachment for contempt was dismissed at
the costs of the defendants, and the action of
trespass to be continued until the decision of the
Supreme Court is also to be dismissed at the de-
fendants' costs, in the event of the affirmation of
the decree of the Circuit Court. The Treasurer
refused to comply with that decree, and an at-'
tachment for a contempt was issued against him,
and he was committed to prison. He still re-
fused ; whereupon the Court, upon the motion of
the counsel of the Bank, awarded a writ of se-
questration, by which the commissioners appoint-
ed in it were empowered to seize his whole es-
tate, real and personal, and the identical 38100,000
seized, wheresoever the same might be found, and
to sequester the whole, subject to the future order
of the Court, In virtue of this writ of sequestration,
the commissioners named in it took the key of
the Treasury from the Treasurer, entered the
Treasury, and took thereout F98,000, the only
part'of the sum levied remaining, the other
$2000 having been retained by the officer making
the collection for his commission. The defend-
ants appealed from the decree to the Supreme
Court, which, by consent, was made to operate as
a supersedeas upon the g2000, the interest, and
the costs of the suit in chancery ; and the Trea.-
surer was thereupon discharged from custody.
No violence, no opposition, no forcible resist-
ance, was offered to the execution of the writ of
sequestration ; and, if the original szizur'e of the
money is to be regretted, it is highly consoling
to have witnessed the silent but irresistible energy
of tinelaw,when that law was declared by the Con-
stitutional organ. The execution of the process of
the Court, without impediment or disturbance, is
creditable to the people of Ohio, and to the popu-
lation of Columbus in particular. Thus, the
very circumstances which seemed at first to
threaten the peace and quiet of the Union, and to
weaken the authority of the government, termi-
nates in evincing its strength, and in communi-
eating to it new vigor.

The Connecticut papers state, that the late ex-
plosion of the Powder Mill at Canton, in that
state, is the eighth that has taken place on the
same spot. It is high time it was abandoned.


Savannat.-James Morrison has been una-
nimously re-elected Mayor of the City of Savan-
nah for the year ensuing.


were proposect to the Executive as candidates to:
public office. It is proper, however tardily.
that this justice should be rendered to those ti,
whom it is due,

Alaine.-After a severe contest of several
weeks, the Election has recently been held fo
Governor of the state of Maine, in the place of
\Villiam King, resigned. Returns from 64 town
afford the following result :
Albion K. Parris :3863
Ezekiel Whitman 3388
Joshua Wiogate 2044
From this result, a majority being required to
elect, there has probably been no choice. Tih
great contest lay between Mr. farris and Mr.
Wingate, both Republican.

The New York Evening Journal has, on a late
occasion, turned out of its path, to give a proof of
its self-consuming spleen and ill-will towards us,
not at all called for,and very unworthy of the cha-
racter of a Journal professing to stand aloof from
party politics. In replying to certain remarks
from a Philadelphia paper, the Journal introdu-
ces the following:
The National Intelligencer calls the advocates of na-
tional industry political manufacturers !" and most ri-
diculously asserts that they have selected "a candidate
for the Presidency !" Whether the presumptuous folly
or total disregard of truth, which marks these foolish as-
sertions, are most entitled to pity, it is diihicult to deter-
mine ; but the attempt to put dovin reason and argu-
ment by appealing to the detested spirit of party, is suf-
ficiently obvious, and deserves the unqualified condem-
nation of all."
Now, we have never used any language at all
resembling what is above put into our mouths. It
is to be supposed, in charity, that it is through
inadvertence that the language of another is im-
puted to us. So far from asserting, we do not
think, that the manufacturers have any design to
manufacture Presidents for the Union.

It was stated in our paper of Wednesday, on
the authority of what we then considered authen-
tic, that the Rev. Dr. Mason, had accepted the
Presidency of Dickinson College. We have
since seen several friends of the Doctor, who have
informed us, that our information was at least
premature. The following has been handed us
for publication :-Coam..dv.
We are requested to state, by the friends of Dr. Ma-
son, (who is at present absent from tee city,) that the ar-
ticle in our paper on Wednesday, in relation to' his hav-
ing accepted the Presidency of Dickinson College is in-
correct."

It is a singular coincidence, that General VAR-
SNUM, whose death is noticed to-day, should have
departed this life on the same day with his son,
the late JAMES M. VARNUM, Esq. of this city. The
father died in the evening, the son on the morn-
ing preceding. The death of the former, though
sudden, appears to have been attended Dy un-
common serenity and composure. Gen. Var-
num was not an educated man, but long experi-
ence and much observation had endowed him
with a large portion of political wisdom.. He was
one of the fathers of the Republican' party in the
present government, who evinced their respect
for his character by chusing him Speaker of the
House of Representatives, which situation he
filled when it was more trying than perhaps it
ever was before or has been since. He enjoyed
in a high degree, and deservedly, the confidence
of his immediate constituents, as is evinced by
their repeatedly elections of him to represent them
in Congress and in the Genera! Court of Mas-
sachusetts, up to the day of his decease. The
men of the Revolution are daily departing from
among us. Every day ad.-Is one to the number
of those who have gone, and few now remain to
us. It becomes us the more now to cherish
their principles, which will, ere long, be all that
survives of them, their history excepted,


u':ya from the lvanalla. UapLt. -L. mimmediauc, re.-
ported to the Governor, that a few days after he
sailed from the Havana, a malignant fever ap-
peared on board, which had taken off his Furser
and one man, and that himself, several ofais of
ticers, and ten of the crew, wre then ill with the
fever, and requesting permission to land tie st kI
at Barancas, and have them placed in one of the
houses there. Thlie application was ininediately
reported to the Boaid of Health, who granted
permission, and Doctor Bronaugh, the President,
accompanied by the Health Officer, repaired
there for the purpose of rendering their situation
as comfortable as possible-since which but one
man has died, and we are happy to have it in ourt
power to stat. that no new case has occurred,
and that the sick are fast recovering, and that all
the officers are out of danger.
The Porpoise escorted the Transports front
St. Augustine to Havana, where she remained
six days. We learn that Capt. Reed, 61 the HHor-
net, who escorted the Tr ni-piorti from this place,
sailed the day previous to the arrival there of the
Porpoise.

Capt. Choate, arrived at Beverly, in 41 days
fs Pe i'amn.sn-rmuro, sjsiwe .that discontents andI
insurrections universally prevailed at Pernam-
buco. The Governor was every moment in jeo
parody ; an assassin, with two pistols in his hands,
shot at him, and the ball penetrated his side, but
the wound was not mortal. The fellow being
closely pursued, he leaped over the bridge, and
was drowned. His body was afterwards picked
up, and, although a very large reward was offer-
ed, no one dared to identify his person. lThus
the Portuguese enjoy their constitutional free-
dom.-Bos, Pat.

TOBACCO.
We understand that the accounts brought by
the Amity, from Liverpool, are of such a nature
as to encourage the holders of tobacco ; and that
the article has risen in this market fully one dol-
lar since last week.-Pet. Intel.

The Winebago Indian, convicted of murder,
who had been respited for one month, was exe-
cuted at t he expiration. of his respite, at Kaskas-
kia. His companion, it will be recollected, had
previously died in gaol, and thus escaped his ig.
nominious punishment. The Winebago "seem-
ed to regard his approaching end with apparent
unconcern."

A barbarous and deliberate murder was com-
mitted at Petersburg, a few days ago, on the body
of William Royster, by several colored men,free
and bond. One or two white men are also sus.
pected to have been concerned. It was in a
house of ill fame. The culprits are taken, and
will be tried.

An action has been brought in London, for
the recovery of the amount of a bill of exchange,
which was left at the competing house of the
drawees, for acceptance, and payable in three
days. The day after it was left news came of
the failure of the drawers. The next day it was
re-delivered to the plaintiffs ; but an acceptancec
appeared to have been written and afterwards
erased. On this ground the suite was commen-
ced, and decided in favor of the plaintiffs, subject
to the question whether re-delivery, fully ac-
cepted, was essential to constitute a legal accep-
tance ?

Singular circumstance.-The brig Augusta,
Lee, arrived at Salem on the 12th instant, 80
days from Leghorn. On the night of the 21st
August, lat. 41, long. 52, it being almost a calm,
both masts of the Augusta, at the deck, and the
bowsprit at the bows, were suddenly carried
away, from some unknown cause-supposed by
a whirlwind, or a water spout. .It was as calm
immediately after the accident as before. [Sin-
gular, indeed !]

Literature of the West.-At the commence.
mnent at Alleghany college, in Meadville, (Ohio,)
Orations were delivered min the English, Latin,
Greek, Hebrew, German, and Syriac languages.

We understand, through Capt. Waite, who
had a conversation with Mr. Thoias, a Hamp-
ton Pilot, that the pilot boat Beachim, of Balti-
more, was lost off the Capes during the hurri-
cane, and all hands perished.--_orfolk Herald.


No. 8290.


TRANSACTIONS AT PENSACOLA.

J1 PENSACOLA, AUG. 25.
S. The extraordinary excitement of our towns-
men, on the occasion, exclusive of general con-
siderations, made us very solicitous to give this
day the best history we could procure, of the
much to be lamented transactions of the 22d
inst. which we feel assured, were no less painful
to the party ordering, than to the party suffering
the penalty of the law. The statement given is
unquestionable,
We have no wish to remark on the transaction,
conceiving it as of a peculiarly delicate nature,
further than to remind our readers, that a diffi-
culty of a similar kind occurred in Louisiana, on
its being taken possession of by the. United States,
when the former intendant was imprisoned for a
week, by Gov. Clhiiborne, for not surrendering
papers, under similar circumstantes-and that
Gaivez, a: iII i.,1l.ce, i pl- J Lii.,.id Col. Camnm hell.
IL: I ,>~ i ,k ".11.1 I. ', j' ... .t lh *.11-1 ,1 ic iu ii f n hi v -! rr"


still alleging that he was privileged as a commissioner,
and not responsible as an individual, and making impas-
sioned appeals to the bystanders against the procedure,
and at the same time against the indignity offered to a
person of his rank and distinction. He was repeatedly
told by the Goveraor, that he could not view' him in any
other light than as an individual, who had in his posses.
sion documents which no individual had a right to retain;
that, under the second article of the treaty, all papers
relating to the property of the country were to be de-
livered ; that it concerned the inhabitants, whose titles
and rights were involved; that, for their protection and
those claiming under them, it was his duty to place
them in the hands of the Alcade for safe keeping. He
warned Col. Callava of the consequences of his refusal,
and reiterated his demand. Every means being at length
found unavailing, Col., Callava (as also Sousa and the
steward) v ere committed to prison by the Governor,
until the papers should be obtained.
A guard had been placed at Col. Callava's house, with
strict orders that every thing should be kept in exactly
the same state in which it was left, The next morning
the Governor gave a special commission to Col. Walton,
Secretary, Col. Miller, Mr. Shannon, and Mr. Brown-
john, acc.,rnpar.kid ab the Alcade, to go to the house of
OPI.. .. r," ,. i n |' t,


i hi session papers of a pubi t .tu '
in his possession papers of a public nature, and handed otf Callava, if found, :o be taken and brou6hq to
belonging to .the property and sovereignty of the the Governor's office, and then to close the box, placing
country.- Floridisan. a seal upon it.
STATEMENT. This was accordingly done, and in one of the boxes,
E NT. recently sealed by Callava, the papers were found, and
On information given to tile Alcade, that public docu- accordingly deposited at the office of the Governor. An
ments, or records, required by individuals to enable them order was then issued for the release of CGl. Callava of.
to prosecute their claims, were in the possession of a Sousa, and the steward.
person of the name of Sousa, he communicated the fact,
by petition, to the Governor. On this, a commission was
given in writing to Col. Walton,to the Alcade, and to Col.
Miller, the clerk of the county court, authorizing them MARRIED,
to wait on Sousa, and request hirp to exhibit, and deli. At Bridgetown, West Jersey, on Thursday evening,
ver to them, all such public documents as were in his pos- the 13th instant, by the Rev. .lona. Freeman, Mr. Jon
session, relating to tile property in the Floridas, which no Douea'rry, Merchanit f Philadelphia,'to bMiss HAN Al
individual had a right to retain, and in case of his refu-a, to Miss H
sal, to report the tact to the Governor. When these, -gen- atRSILLEss, daughter of the late Eden Merseilles, Mer.
tleuesii waited on Sousa, on toe morning of the 21st, he chant, of tile former place.
exhibsiedtwo open boxes, containing papers, whicn he
said belonged to the military department and to the re-
venue, and which wvre intrusted to him by thie late Go- OBITUARY.
vernor for safe keeping. On examining the papers, those
sought for were found, together with three other re. Died, on Tuesday, the 11th inst. at Dracut, the lion.
cords of suits between individuals, involving the title to JOszEP B. VA wum, Maj. General ofthle 3d division of the
property in West Florida. A demand was then made of Militia of Massachusetts, and a Senator in the General
these papers, but refused by Sousa, on the ground that Court for Middlesex-in the 72d year of his age Gen,
he uhad no control over ULiem; but he declared that hlie V. w earliest patriots o the levolton
wouki immediately communicate the demand, which was V. was among the earliest patriots of the Revolution
madt to him in writing, to the late Governor. and sustained important offices connected with the army.
These facts being reported to the Governor, he corn- At the termination of the war, he retired to his paternal
missioned Col. Butler, and Col. Walton, secretary of -seat in Dracut, aid immediately re-commenced his :,oli.
West Florlida, accompanied by the Alcade, to make ade- c i
mand of the papers, a>d ih case of a refusal, to require tical career ; and, during his long life, was continually
Sousa to accompany th in, to the Governor's office. They called by his fellow-citizens to fill higil civil and military
accordingly went to his house, between 11 and 12o'clock, offices. At his decease he was Senior Meimber of the
on the 22d, where they found Sousa, and made the de- Senate, and the oldest Major-General in the Common.
mand ; when he informed them that lie had sent the pa wealth. In this period, besides ditia appointments, he
pers to Col. Cailava's. -He was then brought before the s t. Inthis period besides nlta appointments, he
Governor, and on being interrogated,acknowledged that sustained the office of Representative, Senator, and
the particular papers required, had been in his posses- Councillor, of Massachusetts, and Representative and
sion ; that they related to property in this country; Senator in the Congress of the United States; and,-for
that they wgre in certain boxes with other papers, which many years, filled, with approbation, the arduous station
lie had delivered into the keeping of Col. Callava's stew- k o the
ard, and tha they wet then eein Callava's house. A writ. of Speaker of the House of Representatives, in times
ten commission was then given to Col. Butler and Dr. of the utmost political excitement. lHe was a member
Bronaugh, accompanied by the Alcade, to repair to the of the Convention of Massachusetts which ratified the'
house of Col. Callava, to make a demand of him of these Constitution of the United States in 1787, and was in the
papers, and in case of refusal, to require Col. Callava, and f'oremost ranks of those St atesmen, who adv caed the
the steward, to appear before the Governor. .emost rns those Statesmen, who advocated the
Ahbt ifive o'.lck- in the evening, they repaired.to thle adoption of that instrument, and for their zeal to cement
house of Col. Callava, and found him surrounded by the Federal Union obtained the name of Federalists. fi
Spanish officers in uniiorm, with their side arms, having was also a leading member of the late State Convention.
just relurnud from a dinner party. Col. Butler immedi- ices he sustained, Gen. exhibited an as-
ately stated his bajsiness, and mniade a demand of the pa- In all the offices he sustained, Gen. V. exhibited an as-
pers, which had been taken to his house by Sousa, in siduity which never tired, and an integrity above all sus-
contempt of the authority of the Governor. Col Calla- picion. Though of late years lie differed in some points
va said, that Sousa was acting only as his servant, that he of political economy from a majority of his fellow-citi.
himself was responsible; but, that le claimed the privi-ay with truth and justice be a
lege allowed himi by the laws of nations-that he could zens of tlhe State, it may with truth ac jtstice be af.
not be proceeded against as a private individual-that he firmed, that, at his death, Massachusetts did not contain
held the papers as isle Governor, and that his powers, a more honest and independent man. He possessed a
as commissioner, were still in force-that, if among the strong mind in a sound body. His decease was sudden.
papers which were in his possession, any should be found, He rode out on the day preceding it, but being indisa.
which ought to be surrendered under the treaty, if de-
manuded of him, as commissioner, in writing, he would posed, speedily returned, and found his dissolution ra.
reply. pidly approaching. He called his family and friends
Col. Butler then stated his orders, which were read around him, acquainted them with his situation, gave di-
to Colonel Callava ; and then informed him that the Go- reactions that his funeral might not be attended with any
vernor was acting in his civil capacity in the execution of military or civic parade, appointed his all-bearer, and
the laws-that obrmal complaint had been made that military or civic parade, appointed his pall-bearers, and
these papers were improperly withheld,and that the Go- closed his eyes in peace the same evening.
vernor could not recognize colonel Callava, in any other [Boston Patiael,
capacity than a common individual, while in the execu- On the 7th instant, at Somerset, Ohio, in the 54th year
tion of hIis duties under the laws. He then demanded of her age, after a painful illness, which she bore wit
the papers; which were refused-he then required himfter a painful illness, which she bore with
to appear'at the Governor's office ; which he refused. Christian meekness and pious resignation, Mrs. ELLEANo,
Colonel Butler then stated, that he was setting at defi- OsLIA, lately and for many years a respectable inhabitant
ance the authority of the Governor, in the execution of of this city.
the laws, and that lie might expect the consequences- At Philadelphia, on the 15th instant, in the 73d year of
he still persisted in his reftisal; but when these gentle- At p on the 15th instant, in the 73d year of
men were about to iNithdraw, lie sad that on a list being his age, JA,,Es S. Cox, Esq. President of the Insurance
given to him, the papers should be delivered to colonel Company of the State of Pennsylvania.
Butler, if found in the boxes-lo this colonel Butler, and On Saturday morning last, the 15th instant, Mrs. MA.
those who accompanied hin, acceded, and withdrew. asomH. Wi the wife of the Rev, Dr. W H. Wil-
Shortly alter, the Aicade, Jultge Breckenridge, return- of lhediev. i. .
ed, and presented Inm the list, at the same time stating mer, of Alexandria, D. C.
that colonel Butler and lDr. Bronaugh, would call in two At America, (Illinois,) on the 2d of August, of the pre.
hours, and expect to receive the papers. Col. Callava vailing fever of the country, at the age of 27, WILuIn.U
then said, that the list must be first translated-that the
demand must be n ide of hlisn as commissioner-and that SMITHra F-sim,, Esq. Attorney at Law, and eldest son of
lie must have time to give his reply. After the two the iate Governor of Pennsylvania.
hours had elapsed, which was about nine o'clock, P. M. At Louisville, on the 4th instant, WIu.LrAX CoeCHaUN,
Colonel Buler, and Dr. roagh,with the Alcade, and E Cashier of the United States Branch Bank in t
accompanied by a guard, n;er thle command of lieut. sq. Casher o the United States Branch Bank in that
Mounts, proceed,;d to the house of Col. Callava. They place-after a short but severe illness. Mr. C. was a
found ile door locked, and demanded admittance three native of Pennsylvania, became a resident of Louisville
times distinctly, without receiving any answer. It was in 1818, and by the urbanity and conciliating manner
then discovered, that the door on the opposite side was with which e discharged the important duties of an o
open, and several oflicers, sitting without candle, in the wth whch le discharged the important duties o an of
porch. When Colonel Ciallava was, demanded, no one fice which many were induced to consider as odious, se.
replied-Colonel lBitler then stepped into the house, cared to him many friends and never raised him an ene-
and entered one of the rooms in which a light was burn- my. Louisville mourns in him the loss of one of her fa-
ing, and in which there was a bed, on examining whi, vorite adopted sons oa of her brightest ornaments.
Col. Callava was found lying on it, with his coat of Ie e t adopted sons, o ofer brightest or ents.
arose apparently much astonished-the demand for the [Pub. .ldv.
papers, as agreed upon, was renewed ; he persisted in On the 15th ult. at the U. S.Navy Hospital in N.Orleans,
Ihis refusal-when told lie must prepare to go before the Mr. EDWAiD A. LANSIN, a Midshipman in the U. S.
Governor, he replied he would not quit his house alive
-he was then told force would be used. Colonel But Navy, of an inflammation,after a few days illness. He was
ler said he hoped hie would not render it necessary- a native of the State of New York.
that he might consider himself forced-on his still re-
fusing, the officer of the gtard was called in, he then
ptut on his uniform coat, and was conducted to the office INFORMATION WANTED.
of the Governor.
On his entering the office, lihe was requested by the HEREAS JOHN IIARtAS,a native othE:giand, left
Governor to take a seat at the table. The Governor in- WV the port of Newcastle, upon Tyne, in 1773, then a-
formed him of the nature of the business for which he was bove30 years of age, in the capacity of a seaman,and arrive.
called, and that lie was required to answer, whether cer ed at Norfolk-, in Virginia, from whence he proceeded toc
tain boxes containing papers had no? been delivered in- Portsmouth, in New-Hampshire, where he wrote his
to his possession by Sousa-he requested permission to friends in July, 1773. He socn afterwards left Ports-
put down his answer in Spanish, which was granted-he mouth for the state of Virginia, where he intended to
began to dictate a protest against the proceedings, on settle, (what part is not known.) In his letter, dated in
the ground of his being a commissioner on the part of July, 1773, he stated he was acquainted with a Mr. Car-
Spain, &c. hut was interrupted, and required to say, lisle, of Alexandria, in Virginia, who had beep friendly
whether he would, or woulki not, answer the question to him. It is, therefore, presumed, if he returned toy
propounded to him, directly ? lie th, n positively re- Virginia, as appears to have been his intention, that lihe
fused; on which the steward, lFullarat, was examined, would call upon Mr. Carlisle, and probably settle its
and acknowledged that the boxes were delivered to him Alexandria, or follow his profession as a seaman from
by Sousa, and w. rethen in Callava's house. that port. If the said John Barras is living, or has left
Thl Governor now stated to Col. Callava that he had lawful issue, tiney will hear of something to their advan-
been ollicially informed that the papers demanded were rage by applying to Mr. William M'uir, of Freaericks-
seen in the possession of Sous;i; that, by Sousa's confes- burg, in Virginia; and, if dead, any person who will
sion, they were delivered in certain boxes to Callava's give such information to the said William Muir as to
steward, and that they were then in his house. He was, enable him to procure satisfactory proof of the fact,
therefore, advised to deliver them up, or his refusal shallbe entitled to 520, which will be paid by the- said
would be considered a contempt of the Goveirnor's an- Muir.
tlhority. Calliiva persisted in his refusal nearly two howrs, Fredericksborg, Va. sep 4-3saw~w


Vol. XXII.


_W~_









patrician-before noticed, ae pre-eminently so. incessantly engaged in bloody and exterminating
COMMUNICATIONS. On every conspicuous point of the highlands wars, which must have greatly contributed to Ii-
bounding the rich albuvion, in the vicinity of :nit their population. Pestilence may have given on
ON THE ANTIQUITIES OF THE WEST. Harrison, especially'on the left side of the valley another check to their increase. The falling in of w
of the Whitewater, for the space of several miles, a bank on the Great Miami exhibited an interest- y
[comceLran.] is to be seen a mound of stone or earth, from ing section of an ancient mound, the base of co
The next article of Western antiquities I shall whence a very commanding view may be had of which, contrary to the usual practice, had been te
attempt to notice, and which more frequently the settlements below, and this remark on the excavated. In the lowest part of this appeared ca
than any other excites the wonder ef the inquisi- position, applies also to all of that class which I the clay, or earth burnt red, above this ashes and di
tive traveller, is the tumuli. Our mounds, as we have noticed in other places, cinders,then the skeleton, in a fortuitous position, ni
call them, very exactly answer the description A fourth class of mounds is generally of a mid- with a flexure corresponding to the sinuosity, as si
given bly MrN Clarke, of those of thse ot the Don) and die size. Their positions are always in the if he had died on the spot, of some contagious mi
regions about the Palus Eotis, (sea of Jsoph) woods, remote from every other evidence of hu- malady, and been there barred by those who, on in
But, from observation carefully made, I think I manoccupancy. These usually contain several that account, had been afraid to approach him y<
am embed so to classify them as to throw some skeletons laid parallel to each other, on a mound again. The number of interments of white peo- .g
might or, assitheasir his t row o earth and covered to a considerable depth, pie northwest of the Ohio already far exceeds the at

The first chss consists of groups of small tu- and in some it would appear that the bodies had highest calculation that the tumuli and all the at
muli, offi'rom two to five or six, of from a foot to been subjected to the action of fire, probably in other ancient cemeteries can possibly indicate. co.
three feet elevation. In the numerous groups, order to preserve their flesh from the teeth oftheir It is further certain thattheir civilization could ut
there are always to be perceived one or two more cannibal enemies; for I co,ijecture,with some de- not have exceeded that of our modern Indians. "
prominent than the rest, These contain bones gree of confidence, that these were the dead of Priestly very justly observes that without iron no pi
of aged people, as may be known by their being victors slain on the field of battle, and buried nation could possibly make any great advances m
hardier, and the teeth more worn than common, there with the honors of war ; and that when the in civilization, and not a vestige of any iron tool th
while in the smallest the remains of bones are conquest had not been complete, the survivors has been yet found among all the antiqui- h,
soft, sometimes difficult to be detected, and the had burned them, to- prevent their falling into ties of the west, though they are found among the pl
teeth not perceptibly worn. In all these, that I the hands of the enemy, who might be appre- most ancient of the Eastern Continent. They hi
have examined, the earth appears to have been ended to return. Those of the last class I shall did not even know that the galenic ore of lead, bi
first more or less elevated, then the corpse laid on mention, are also solitary and remote, generally which they esteemed a treasure, could be so easily fe
and covered. Few of them contain more than large, and never found to contain b nes; but, I reduced to metal. They knew nothing of sculp- fa
one skeleton, that laid on horizontally, and in ge- have been credibly informed, that, in several,ash- ture, or they would have formed images of clay ti
neral accom ,anied by pipes, arrows, flints, pieces es and cinders have been discovered at the bot- or soft stones, which might have withstood the do
of pottery, such as were then used, being 'un- tom, on a level with the natural surface of the ravages of time, ard been preserved among their si
burned, composed of blue clay mixed with earth. These I would denominate historical tu- relics equally as well as their-pottery ; and of
ountidet d M-I a- - a- nd ornamented around the brim with an treaty negotiated, concluded, and, in patriarchal ignoitin, an art well known for thousands of w
awkward representation of a wreath, or rope.- style, a heap of earth raised, storess being scarce) years in the east. Bit nothing like sculpture has bi
The form of all that I have seen perfect, resem- saying," let this be for a remembrance between been found, except it be true of two or three ar- po
bles our common bellied pot, but without feet, me ai.d thee," &c. tiles, which I believe the author of the conjec- id
and having ears like a porringer, and in most re- There were at least two other modes of inter- tures has not ventured to affirm on his own know- -
spects exactly such as are still made k used among meant practised, besides the four above mention- ledge. And these, if I am rightly informed, are in to
the Cherokees, Choctaws, and other Southern ed. In digging a cellar immediately contiguous the style of the Mexican articles, mentioned in li
Indians. The size of these, as well as of all to the ancient village, on the left side of the Humboldt's Researches, done in the most an- is
other mounds, no doubt depended on the charac- Whitewater, a skeleton was found buried in a sit- cient Egyptian style, without indicating the least T
ter of the deceased, and the numbers who felt ting posture, and I have heard of one or twomore knowledge of perspective. If any such then ex- ci
themselves interested in paying these last honors in other places. This was the mode practised a- ist, they doubtless came from Mexico. Nor ri
to the remains of their departed friends. These among the Indians on the South shore of Lake would the Mexicans have been able to effect even up
I consider to be family burying grounds, in Ontario, after the French discovered Canada. this, but for the discovery never -known heic, of itn
which the nation or clan at large took little inter- In the year 1794 >r 95,1I was shewi, several Indian the properties of a composition of copper and n
cst, yet they might possibly have been persons burying grounds in different parts of that count- tic, of which they formed tools of considerable G
entitled to some distinction, as there were other try, in which the graves were indicated by slight durability. They did probably manufacture salt ni
modes of interment, which I shall subsequently depressions. On opening one of these, the kel- bycovering baskets with clay to form boilers, as w
notice. eton appeared in a sitting posture. At one shoul- fragments ofsuch utensils are found near the sa- p
The second class are large and solitary, or not der a handful of flint arrow heads, at his right line>. The uncouth and almost .h I'.:p battle g
more than, two contiguous, and always contain side a part of a barrel of an old nmatch-lockedl axei nd a kind ofmullar of stone, both formed by in
evidences of the consequence of the person in,- sun, between his feet the remains of asmaill brass the Herculean labor of attrition, are articles also -I
tried. Anmoig these are found conch-shells, kettle, and on the left a long narrow bitted French found in the tumuli. The former was used in cr
generally of those light kinds called winkle shells, axe, with a round eye, on which were cut the war after the arrival of the Europeans, but of the ft
such as are still used by the natives of the North figures: 158. The remaining figure, a part only latter there is no account, either of the formation th
West Coast, fixed in th"e ends of long reeds, as, of which I could discover, I supposed to be a 7, or use. What is singular, they are always made of B
the clarions of war. 'They also frequently con- but it was so much obliterated with rust, as to the same atateriaL -a kind of brown stone of an cu
tain masses of lead ore,'and rock crystal, pieces render it uncertain. This axe, and part of the oblique hi-cture, in texture something resem- w
of sheet copper, with one or more holes rudely gun, may yet be in existence, as they were deiiv- bling horublend&, but of finer grit. It is very ti
punched through them, very rude copper beada, cred to a person whose name I thank was Baker, common about the Naorhern Lakes, and, I think, ei
pieces of ison.lass, which, from the holes in and had the care of a Museum in New York. belongs ta the primitive stones ; for, if I rightly p.
them, appear to have been sewed together, and But, as I did not visit the city for solie time af. remember, I have seen it under granite. It will ti
are found laid over the face-and in one of them, ter that, and the Museum being removed, I was natui ailybeasked,whynave t: e modern aborigines, g
a Mir. Hannah, of South Carolin., who visited unable afterw'.rds to learn what became of the if they are really the descendants of those people, st
this country about eight yeais ago, discovered an articles, which I apprihenid he did not highly abandoned the modes of building and forufica tl
oval ring large enough to have enclosed a miid- value. tion ? The answer is plain. Mankind are al- ',
die sized wrist, a(nd, on account of its formation, I have several times been informed, by diifer- wviys prone to change their custo-is with the b)
Was a grial curiosity. It was formed of a piecc cut persons, that near a certain crossing of the circumstances under which they live, and there till
of thin theut cpper, of a shape that may be near- Kentucky there is an ancient cemetery where the can le no doubt ti:at whein those houses and tirts q
est described by two segments of a circle, with skeletons are found- encl.secd in a kind of c.'ffin were erected lhe country was neatly destitute of
their concavities turned toward each other, and corupi-sed of Five or six flat stones, and the uprcot. timber. But when in process oIf tiic the timber t
the angles cut off. The edges, which appeared ing of a tree on this side the Ohio disclosed a,',kel grew, every tree became a fort, and, the woods fi
to have been cut with some sharp instrument, eton deposited in like maner. Having thbus 'iv- furnishing abundaiiace of fuel, they no longer w
had then been turned atnd laid one over the other, en a brief out line of my observations on the an- needed a subterrauein cave to keep themselves w
and hanummered so neatly as to form a very nice tiquities of the West, observations formed, to,, warm, because a temporary wigwam of bark and e.
joining, and then beit. into its elliptical form, wthi a view to strengthening very different opi-' boughs, with the aid of a good tire, was suilicimei. e
without flattening the tube, wiich would require nious from those in which they have resulted, 1 B& sides which, the Indians, when signally beat- ft
more art than cut workmen now generally pos- beg leave to offer a few additional conji;ctures; by en frou :any position, however strong the for- h
sess. Mr. Clarke mentions one of solid gold, way f inference. To this I am tue more strong- tress, have always shown a superstitious reluc- p
resembling a serpent, dug out of a tunmulus, I ly induced by the knowledge of thie fact, that tance to returning, The Piqua plains of Scioto, a
thin near the ancient Patilecapeum. None of most travellers who visit this country come wilh and Great Mia.ni, are instances of this; and it is t
the above articles ate to be found, native, within their heads filled with wild notions conL.ermng not improbable that, for the s me reason, they y
many hundred miles, which proves that they had these antiqtuiies-as that they were the works of renounced the Gods art( their temples which ha 1. p
some commerce. The sheh I consider an em- a considerably numerous and civilized people, failed to protect them. The Pagan worship was, s
blem of authority, the trumpet, with which the who have in sume unaccountable manner disap- however, in some measure, continued until after p
chieftain called the attention of his warriors ; the pared ; that they were antediluvian, &c. To the arrival of the Europeans. Then it was that e
rest were esteemed as treasures, and ornaments, the two first of tri;se opinions we find not only they began to experience that last revolution of "
A pipe was found in one of them, by a Dr. Cham- the common passen.ei,but even the indefatigable manners which wili inevitably extinguish the M
be-lain, near N,;rth Bend, made of a substance and intelligent Mr. Breckenridge,* as well as the race.Then it was that they exchanged their robes a
liere called soap stone, (Jrgillafi.ss.iltis.) The learned author of the conjectures you have pub- of fur for blankets and cloths of wool, the bow t
bowl was a pretty regular truncated cone, from lished, strongly inclined. Even the fabled notion and spear for the fiselock and the piece of flint, (
which was extended the stem of the same piece. of the Welch colony gained soum strength by a or bone, for the more convenient aind efficient t
These have seldom been found to contain more publication over the name of a Mr. Jack, that knivesof iron and steel ; and thus, like ourselves I:
than one skeleton, and in no instance, where 1 there had been discovered, cut on a rock, in the of late,sacrificing their independence for the more t
have had opportunity to examine, have I observ- neighborhood of Lebanon, Warren county, Ohio, tempting manufactures of foreign countries. The p
ed morethan two. In one of about a middle the figures and letters 1181, S. 1. But, on en- practice of erecting mounds of earth was also I:
size, where the earth had been taken for bricks, quiry, it was found that a certain Isaac btubbs, continued after the arrival of the Europeans. An i
for a house of two large -rooms, and a passage travelling that way, lhad set himiseif down to rest account of one, raised by the remnant of the Nat- t
way and two stories high, less.than one third of on that rock, and while there, cut between his chez tribe, may be seen, I think, in l Henapin, i
the earth was sufficient. This contained two legs the initials of his name and the date of the and, it is not improbable, practised in other na- i
skeletons, the largest, wltich from the pelvis year I bl 111, which, being read by the discoverer tious to as late a period. It need not be won- b
judged to be male, measured, fitom the print when approaching, appeared u,f lirst stated. On dured at, then, if the plated mountings of sword-
of the scull in the earth, to the internal testimony not more strong, with the aid of a bias-' bets and other articles requiring solder, such' as t
males of the tibia, five feet eight inches, which ed fancy, have many of theconjectures with which those said to have been found at Marietta, should 1
would makra the man six feet high. The other, travellers are wont to entertain their friciatd, been agin be found in other tumuli. Such must
which from ti e same data, I judged to be female, formed. Nor are those in moi e authenti,. turm certainly be the works of Europeans or Asiatics,
could no, have exceeded five feet, if s.) much. and clothed in the garb ofclassic eruditiion, by.any for, neither these people not the Mexicans knew
Another species of mound, or cairn, belonging means free ft'om similar errors. Surely nothing any lthingof the art of soldering. Neither wasi,
to this class, is of stone. The external appear- can be more fallacious than the iliferetcte from the elliptical copper ring of ancient Indian mann-
ance is that of a promiscuous heap, but the in- the sections of Skulls. Are not considerable va- facture. It had evidently the marks of the sh.irp
terior is composed of flat stones laid on like shin- rieties fotuitd even in Turkey, where, it is said, cutting scissors and the smooth-faced hansnie;
gles, in such a manner as to render it almost im- paia are early tiken to give a conical form to of ithe incest kind. Ail such must be the manu-
possible to penetrate to the centre, without re- the head, and much more in other nations. Nei- iacturt of peoAple more advanced in the art. than
moving a large portion of the pile. In the cen- other will the rule apply to every partof this coun- thoie ancients appear at any time to have been.
ire is a arciphi:gus composed of flat stones set try. Of six skulls, examined here, but two agreed Several notices' have been published of stone
up edgewise, and enclosing the skeleton, In one in sction, and these two were from mtounds of widls, but such of them as I have seen give me
of them it appeared tiat the body had been burn- timhe same group, which may be accounted for by no idea of the kind. Th.y understood nothing
ed, though not to the incineration of the bones, supposing thlem of the same family. In the high of the art of masonry any more than of sculp-
This wholeclasa would probably always have been cheek-bonues and broad chin, however, they all ture. In the stone mounds, where stone of sufli-
of stone, but for the difficulty of procuring the ma- agreed, and these are common to ou- modern In- cient size could not be procured to tforti the s;ir-
terials, and,fom the same reason,these of stone are dians, to the Chinese, the Tartars, and some na- cophagus, and it becare e necessary to supply the
always smaller than those of earth, tons of negroes Nor is the account, in the con- defect with a wall, they showed no art. It never
The next class I shall mention, is the large jectules, of the incipient tumulus, the circle of occurred to ihem to break the joints nor bind the
aggregated ,iound-one or more ofgtne.e are al- earth, more plausible to me. From the account corners, unless by accident. Could it occur,
ways to be tound in the vicinity of each of these given by the author, I am more ready to believe then, to such a people to build a wall of consider-
antcient settlements. In these are to be found that it was an ancient dwelling, having seen sinti- able extent for the purposes of defence ?
the bones of thie old and thle young, the wiar- lar ones which were indubitably so-those al ea- Upon the whole, then, I have no hesitation in
rior -and the female, all promiscuously blended dy described and several others. The population adopting the opinion that our present race of in-
in repeated recretiouns, so us to give the pile a could not have been numerous. The lands dians are the descendants of the authors of the
rather more irregular shape than observable in they seemed most inclined to cultivate are antiquities of the West, except those 1 have other-
the kinds before mentioned, and I have never the rich bottoms and prairies contiguous to living wise accounted for; changed, indeed, fr'equeutly,
either seen or heard of any article, either of orna-. streams, wtich do not amount to more than one- by revolutions and conquest, like nations claim-
ment, treasure, or use, excavated from any of sixth of the country occupied, and even that was ing to be civilized, but mote by circumstances
them. Here, I presume, were deposited the not all cultivated This would leave a large space under which they lived. When the hills became
bones ofthi.se who had died abroad, in their ex- for game, and of course men would be hunters, timbered, the plains were measurably deserted.
cursions of hunti-,g, fishing, war, &c. and could an eiploymnent known to be inconducive either Hunting retarded their increase, and wais and


not, by reason of the difficul-Iy of conveyance, re. to rapid increase of population, improvement in pestilence diminished them, until the establish-t
ceive the solemn honors of the then customary the arts, or melioration of 'society. I therefore nment of the European colonies commenced the
modes of interment, in tne common sepulchre, conclude them savages of the same grace, and extinction of that singularly devoted people.
" to sleep wuth other fathers in peace." not very different in manner of living frorn those OCGiEN I'ALIS.
No corpse was ever' deposited here, it was the first discovered in America. Hence they may
skeleton only, and that in a detached and pro- ue presumed, like other savages, to have been PUIBLIC BAT'iS,
ris"cuous s.a e. 1he ites of these tkuinui arc --- PEN every day, in Catreet, opposite the G;ircus, aucd
always somewhat conspicuous, but those of the Views of Louisiana, chap. 10, book 3. 0j nea ti t'Theare


TO THE EDITORS. trol his friends in this respect. Every body un-
Gentlemen: In your editorial commentary up- derstands too well how these things are conducted,
n certain essays signed t. One of the People," to be imposed upon by such pretences. Indeed,
which appeared in the Georgia Advertiser,' now that it has become so very fashionable for
ju have entered upon the field of inference and great men to conceal their opinions on great na-
onjecture more unguardedly than is consis- tional questions, the only means we have of
ent with your accustomed and very creditabice judging of them, is what their friends write and
caution and prudence, inspeaking of the pro- say, with a view to promote their political ad-
uctions of others. The object of this comma- vanemeint,
ication is to correct some erroneous impres- In" taking my leave" of you, I will suggest"
ons, which your remarks are calculated to that or. of the the people" does no where assert
lake; and I feel a-.i.suie1, from the candor and that the systems of fortifying the sea coast
partiality, which has uniformly characterized was not devised and commenced while Mr.
our editorial deportmenti, that you will uot only Crawford was chief of the War Department ;"
ive a place in your paper to this explanation nor de.s hb as'tert that the Secretary of the
nd correction, but that you will readily retract Treasuiy is unfriendly to the erection of fortifica-
ny assertion, or insinuation, which you shall bie tions recessary to 'he national defence."
invinced of having hazarded inconsiderately and J4 Friend to One of the Peop!e."
nwarrantably. You say that one of the people" .y'We cheerfully give place to this communication,
seems totally to misunderstand the political with one or two remarks on the only material point in-
rinciples of Mr. Crawford. as he has certain evolved. It is not denied that One of the People" did
stated them." Now, upon a careful review of impute to Mr. Secretary Crawford certain principles in
se numbers of that writer, you will perceive that politic, on no better authority than the assertion of si-.
e d ,es not pretend to state, what ame the princi- milar principles'by an anonymous writer (the Trio) in
les of that gentlemen, but, with the exception of Georgia. Now, there is no roof of that writer being in
is conduct in relation to the renewal of the old any manner connected with, or even known to Mr.
ank charter, and his opposition to the navy, pro- Crawford ; but, on the contrary, if the object of that
,ss:'.s to have no knowledge of his opinions, any writer were to support Mr. Crawford for the Presiden.
either than they are inferrible from the produc- cy, he has lit upon a most lucky mode of attaining his
ons of The Trio." It is true that the writer purpose, by denouncing those who hold the same opin-
oes siy that Mr. Crawford's claim- to the pre- ions with Mte. 'r...'-, ,rd federalits and unblulddng ,ape.
dency are brought forward under the auspices tates. In what we said, we ad so object but truth;
f the political doctrines advanced by "Ehe and een Onie of tie People" himself ought to thank
rio," and takds it for granted that this is done. us f p.oing him right by quoting facts from Mr. Craw.
ith his approul'ktio -. I'at his claimis-al'. thus p hi r b Mr Craw.
ith his approbat on. ITy t T io clao Is '" tius, forrd's history, v;, "h snt wed that he had wholly mis:a-
rught forward by The Trio," I should sp- ken Mr. Crawford's political creed. It was a fair in.
ose no one capable ot comparing two simpe tference," from the last No. particularly of One of' the
eas could entertain even a momentary doubt. People," that' h w:s no friend of Mr Crawfor' Itf this
he [rio' lay clown what thy deem, or ffet be an intfert nce not corresponding with tile fact, the
deem, a correct system of democr, ic repub- Friend to One of the People" does him but justice in
can prin'eples," and assert that Mr. Crawford contradicting it. Of one thing ie may rest assured :
the only prop of those pi inciples i the cabiltct. that Mr. Crawford has not consented to head" any
'hey then, in due and logical flrn,, draw the ,
inclusion that, while u, '.r 6 uner a viLe and party," much less one opposed to the administraliol
anlorous persecuttion, dte public ey, is fixed of which hie is a member : and, furthb r, that the prici-.
corous persecution, he puc ey is fix pes of Mr. Senator Crfd ten,
pon him as a I suitable successor to the present pies ,e Mr. Senatorrt Crawfto,d tel T,-, ag), are the
canbet of the executive char.' .Now, it ay priticip!es oft"e Secretary Crawford now. That distin-
ct be atiss to state, tuhat n", doubt ex.sis itn guitesd g-ntlemaa. we take this occasion to state, has
;eorgisa, either among the tdvOIcalts or opto been confined to tis bed fir ten days past, by illness, not
cents of ii'. Crawtord, that at least one of the dangerous we trust, yet sufficiently menacing to give tn-
riters of Tie Trio'is his warm and intimate, easiness to his Fiiends.
ersi al and political friend. In taking it for
rantej, therefore, that he approves 'A tne il de dTo THE.EDITORS.
ocratic republican principle "' of The Trio." Gentlemen : Since my former communication
One ofjthe Peuope' does nothing morzeuialt, give an advertise ,ent in your paper of it East Flo-
redit to the assa-ition of tiose wh., are his pro rida land for sale," has Laught my attention.
essed friends, and who make the assertion witi Tlne gentleman, (, Carter Beverly,") whose
he obvious v,.,w of advancing his p :pularity. signature is affixed to this advertisement, of-
But, in addition to the proof, apparent upon re-. ers '- to disp, se of a very extensive and
ord, there are othei'r vi-denscs on this subject valuat-ble grant of land f'r cash, or on a veryli.
whichh cannot be disregarded. You are aware beral credit; and he will take in exchange.lands
'at a new ;.arty has reared its standard, found- in Virginia a;,d Marylad, town houses and lots,
d upon state rig'itts,"' and an opposnitn to thl stocks of th :-,United States, baik stocks of the
riucipies of con.truing the federal conAtiLi. various chartered banks, marine, rbidige, riad,
on, hbltc by the reLse It admunistration of the and stea.iri boat stocks, at a very liberal value ;
general government. No-.,,it is generally undes- also bonds well secured, and high prices will be
tood, and the idea is st,,di.uIly inculcated by allowed for negroes to any amoun. The tract
he friends of Mr. Grawford, that ne is to be the is described as being very extensive, the soil va-
ead of that party. I tole f tL is .ot so, he must rious, and a large proportion of the land is con-
laIre 'iucih frieids as a 'The F'riu" tor creating sidered to be extremely valuable, It is oecu-
ie belief which has now become general II1 thia liarly adapted to the culture of cotton, sugar, and
uarteir. coffee. The climate is codisid.erid to be very
You are mistaken in supposing that One of healthy." Should the land in question be, in ayii
he Peoptie" is the personal enemy of Mr. Craw. degree, answerable to the descritioi gives of it,
ord, or that state politics has any thing to do a most favorable opportunity is afforded to the
'ith the opinioiis he has expressed of him. Thflt proprietors of landed property in Maryland and
Writer know him only by his public life, and his Virginia to dispose of the same to gr eat advan-
rpressed and imputed principles; and Ihis strong. tage ; and ti an. p 'rti-ig their stock of ;e.'roes to
st objectioh ti the Secretary of the Treasury, is the tract of country now offered for sal :, they
wounded tpon a belief, created by his friends, that may be employed in the culture ot cotton, su-
e has consented to head a new party, whose gar, and coffee," by which operation the value
i inciplis are not only opposed to those of the of their labour would probably be more thao
administration of which lie is a member, but to doubled.
Chose which he has himself heretotore avowed as So very advantageous will such transfer of the
ou have corre, tly stated, if hib friends have labour of the'ne roes of Maryland and Virginia
produced an erroneous impression, it can be ea- prove, that it may not be improbable that it.will
iSy corrected, and I hope will. How it lihas hap- take place to such an exten-it as to render any
iened that you imagine One of the People,' is law on the subject unnecessary.
xtreinc!y astute in discovering that the wirter of The culture of tobacco mlay, for a short period
" The T'rio" is an advocate for the eiectiun of yet to cuiiie, continue to be pr:.fitable to the plan-
Mr. Crawford to the presidency, I am wholly at ter, but ultimately it must prove ruinous. It is
l ioss to conceive. For, if there is any proposi- an extremely exhausting crop, and affords no
ion, to which every man, women, an, d child, in manure by which the soil mqy be renovated,
Georgia, will give their concurring assent, it is Upon the wbo-;,':i : at bene fit w.vdld result to the
hat the object of" T.he Trio" is to p;-ostrite the state, as well as to the indivi luals, by this trans-
present administration and elevate Mr. Crawford fer of the labor of their slaves, to a region better
on their ruins. They epresecnt hin as the only calculated in every respect for its ap.licati)n.
rn'op of democratic pirincipes "in the cabinet;" SENEX,
poi[t hita out aniuidst the glare of a most spleld- .'ew YFrk, Sept 17'
d eulogy, as "* a suitabte successor" to hir. lMon-
roe; and follow it up with a denunciation of al-
most every distinguished statesman in the Union, LOUDOUN LAND FOu SALE.
n and out of the cabinet, as a federalit and uI0t- RfH subscriber offers for sale, on liberal terms, the
in i o f e Is it pi ssiblei a t ,lt h Tollowng tracts ,.f land in the county of Loudoun,
usin apostte. Is it possible tat, with these sttie of Virginia, viz. One tract containing 350 acres of
evicdences before your eyes, you can doubt as to first rate land, lying in and adjoining the town of Aldie.
tie objects of "T i T iiu?" Language cannot Aboutt 250 acres of this land is cleared, of which 50 will-
be more unequivocal. But, you say, ,, allusionis be in timothy meadow during the present year; a nunm-
made" to Mr. Crawford but once," and that ber of never-failing springs in addition to Little river,
made toe r. ith wo r ,iutn hin hant, b which passes throtsxi this tract, afford an abundant sup.
Sin a note And do you really think hat,by one ply of water to each field. Thle buildings have been
1 allasioii," and that in a note," The Trio" erected within the last 8 years, and consist of a large
could not turiislni evidence that they are the ad- convenient two story brick dwelling house and kitchen,
vocates of Mr. Crawjford's election ? If one man with all the necessary out houses; a large convenient
should kiil another at a single blow with a club, back brn, a brick store hoIuse, atone wheeiwriilt and
blacksmith shops, &c. The greater part of these build-
it would .e a siruange defence to set up, that lie tog. are within the limits ofAldie, a healthy, flourishing
struck but outce','" and that with a club." But post town at the western extremity of the Little river
to be serious ; it is most unjust to insinuate, (it turnpike, 34 miles from Alexandria, and about the same
indeed you so iuteiued,) that One of the o'ule" d'stane f".,1, the ity of Wahingtoe. There is n thi
is chargeable with tife prmatt'e and ill cdvi- o~wn the lart, est flour manufacturng establishment in
is chargeable with the premature and ill advi- the county: there is, also, a Fulling Mill, with cardiiig
seld" agtatioi of the next presidential election, machines, adjoining the farm.
" "h/ie 'rio" fair ly took the field, not only as the One other tract of land, containing 327 acres, through
advocates of Mr. Crawjford, but as the defamiers which the Little River turnpike passes within a short
of every body else. They uttered, as you must distance of Aldie. This tract is good plaster land, liet
e i hoty else They utt d as yo m t weil for cultivation, has a large proportion oh meadow
admit, false and unl'ounded charges against Mr. at, and has an abind t supply of water. To thistact
Joitnroe aid tihe whole cabinet, (Mr. Crawfird will be attached 150 acres of wood land adjoining the
excepted,) and used every effort to injure their first mentioned tract. The improvements are worth but
standing with the people. When, therefore, hittle; but there will be a comfortable stone dwelling
"* One ofJ'tihe People"'' comes forward in defence of house erected on the premises in the course of a few
the administration and strictly in reply to The mn other tract, containing 200 acrs, one half of
'i'io," with what propriety can you hazard the which is in timber, lying on the north side of the Little
insinuation, that One of thew People" has corn- River turnpike road, and bounded on thi south by the
ictnceed the presidential contest ? said road, 27 miles from Alexandria.
The fact is not so; and if you had recollected One other tract, opposite the last mentioned tract, and
s u ', it w d n h e bounded on the south by the said Little River turnpike
his numbers, it would not have escaped you, that road, cuiins 150 acres in goid timber.
he deprecated in strong terms, the long campaign And one oilther tract, near the last mentioned, contain-
of electioneering which 't"he Trio" were attempt- ing 190 acres of land. About 120 acres of this tract are
ing to open upon the country. No one detests cleared, the balance isin excellent timber. The build-
more than One ,f the People," the pitiful and wings, meadow, orchards, &c. make this a comfortable o-
dis sy "rae wr tablishmoeiit tur a small family.
disgraceful systemnufunewspaper waiareby which For terms app'v to the subscriber in Aldie.


some great men wish to force themselves upon Feb 19.-wtif WM. NOLAND.
the cuntMnunity. Let the Presidential candidates
run a course of honorable competition, each re- NOTICE.
lying upon his own merits. But let not any of [riF creditors of the late Thomas Robertson, whose
them expect, that, while their partizans carry on .L claims have not been finally discharged, are ordered
their operations by the general defam ation of eve- to lodge the same with the Cierk of the Circuit Court
ry other distinguished man, they will escape the for the county of Washington, on or before the Iht of
imputation of being accessories before the fact. It Octobernext MICHAEL NOUS,
is in vain for any man to pretend that he cannot con- sep 8-wS3w Trustee.














SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22.

Secret Proceedings and Debates of the Federal
Convention, by Chief Justice Yates.--Since mak-
ing a few remarkson the extracts from this work
which we had seen, we have procured a copy of
the work, and been enabled to take a more gen-
eral vicw of it. Our impressions that such a
work might not be impartial, and must necessa-
rily be imperfect, are generally realized.
It was hardly practicable for one who labored
under so strong a bias as Judge Yntes did, against
the doings of the Convention, aid who was so
much dissatisfied with its proceedings as to aban-
don his seat and leave his state without a vote on
this important concern, not to impart, to the
notes taken for his private use, the complexion
of his own frelings. Himself apparently satisfied
of this, he refused, though often solicited, during
his life, to permit his notes to be published, be-
cause they were not written for the public eye,
that is, because he was conscious of their imper-
fection as a report of the proceedings Jr debates.
It was still less practicable for one who was
himself earnestly engaged in the transaction of
the business of the Convention, to preserve any
thing like full and regular notes of what passed in,
debate. All must be abbreviated, and much
omitted ; and abbreviations and omissions would
alike give a doubtful character to what remained.
AMurh must likewise be trusted to memory, and
reports from minerory must be indistinct and
so. elimes fallacious. These .1.jL -td. are not
inconsistent with a pe1ikL respect for the mo-
tives and intentions of Judge Yates, and are filly
sustained by the slightest reference to the book
itseit.
The following examples are selected from the
book, to shew that it cannot be considered a work
of authority as a History of the Debates and Pro-
ceecings in the rConvention, because they afford
pro ,ts of omissions and indisti ctness:
-" His Exceilency Governor Randolph, a mem-
ber from Vii ginia, got up, and in a long and ela.
bot ate speech shewed the defects in the system.
of the present feder., government as totally inad-
equate to the peace, safety, and security, of, the
confederation, and the absolute necessity of a
mnore energetic government
*, H, closed these rermrks with a set of resolu-
ti',ns, fifteen 1 lunimbcr, which he proposed to
the Convention for their edopliun, and as
leading principles wivhereon to frm a new gov-
ernmett. He candidly confessed' that they were
not intended fur a i!eeral government--he meant
a sti nig consolidated union, in which the idea of
states should be nearly annihilated."
This is the commencement ot the Proceedings
of the Convention ; it was in fact the foundation-
stone of our present: constitution-and here is the
account we have of it. Governor R. made a
long and elaborate speech," and this is nearly all
'we are told of it. Mr. R. candidly confessed
UIs this the language of an impartial historian ?j
that his resolutions were not intended for a feder-
al government-hs meant a strong consolidated
Union, &c." What an erroneous impression,
taken as it stands, would this statement afford of
the object of Gov. R. ? He spoke of a s consol-
idated U7nion'~not as of a consolidated govern-
ment, but as opposed to the feeble and inopera-
tive.federative system then existing, depending
whollyi on ,he agency of the individual states for
the coilection.of the revenue, ke. Judge Yates
was of opinion that the Convention had no power
but to emend the existing articles of confedera-
tion-he was opposed to establishing such an
union of the states as we now have ; and hence
the color reflected on Govy, R's speech. The
latter gentleman in the end refused to sign the
present constitution, because it was too consoli-
dated an Union even for him. It is here seen,
that Judge Yates was indeed making notes for
himself, and not for the public.
On the very next 'day, the question being on
the f.ll, iw g I i .i .. i'. i't..'iri 1, That a national government ought
So be established, consisting of a supreme judi-
cial, legislative, and executive :"
We have the lu .ii.; account of the discus.
sion on it :
This last resolve had also its difficulties ; the
,term supreme required explanation. It was ask-
ed, whether it was intended to annihilate state
governments ? It was answered, only so far as
the powers intended to be granted to the 'ew
government should clash with the states, when
the latter was to yield."
Then follows the vote on the question; and
the above paragraph is all that is given of the
Debate. It is evident that such a vague state-
ment of the proceedings on the most important
question ever propounded in our political society,
throws no light whatever on the History ot our
Convention. There needed no ghost from the
grave to tell us that the question had its diffi-
cultles."
Again :-" The 4th resolve, That the mem-
bcrs of the first branch of the national legisla.
Sure ought to be elected by tIhe' people of the
several states,' was opposed, and, strange to tell,
by Massachusetts and Coinecticut, wio supposed
they ought to be h,. .r, by the legislature .s ; and
Virginia supported the resolve, alleging that
this ou;ht to be the democratic branch of govern-
ment, and, as such, immediately vested in the
people."
We will not trouble the reader with any more
than these quotations from the three first pages


of the work, to shew that it is the production of a
commentator rather than of a narrator. The notes
of debates, it is true, become more copious to.
wards the conclusion of the work ; but, its the
midst of the most interesting part of the proceed.


infg, and just when the constitution was about to Chancellor Lansing has been spoken of in this
assume its presentshape, viz : on the 5th July, paper as the L.Lt.,r-of Judge Yates's Notes. We
Judge Yates suddenly breaks off with the follow- now learn, from the Albany Argus, that the only
ing brief explanation : agency he had respecting those Minutes, was in
At this period Messrs. Yates and Lansing simply copying them ; that Mr. Lansing never
left the convention, and the remainder of the ses- heard of any honorary engagement of Mr. Yates
sion was employed to complete the constitution to refrain from publishing his minutes-that he
on the principles already adopted. See the re- has resisted some earnest importunities for their
vised draft of the constitution and the constitution u itoedbuthehashad neither interest or
of the United States, with all the ifhi.ic amend- publication-but he hashad neither interest or
ments, as at present existing, in the appendix." agency in the compilation of the book now before
So that, after sitting five weeks in the Conven- the public on that subject."
tion, Messrs. Yates and Lansing ab.,nd..ied their ,-
seats, leaving Mr. Hamilton alone as Represen- FROM HAVANA.
tative from the state, who of course had no vote. CHARLESTON, SEPT. 15;
But the Convention sat ten weeks afterwards, Our files of the .oRicioso" and Diaro del
(fifteen weeks in all,) and it cannot be doubted Gobierno," received by the tOpposition, Captain
that it was during the latter part of the session Maxwell, in 10 clays from Havana, furnish no iam-
that the most important debates took place. Of portant intelligence, There iad been no recent
courseJudge Yates' notes professt6 afftrd a re- arrival at the Havana from the Penintisula.
port of a part only ofthe proceedings,ord and of Gen. O'Donoj, the new Captain General and
Political Chief if Mexico, repaired, on the 3d tlt.
that part we have shewn it to be a meagre and from the Castle of San Juan de Ulua to La Ve-
unsatisfactory account. ra Cruz, and entered upon the duties of his go-
Yet, with all these deductions, we are pleased vernment
with the book. Judge Yates being a man of es- La Vera Cruz was still held by the Royalists.
tableand hnrable character, could not be The siege of that town had been raised, on ac-
timable and honorable character, could not be count of the total ,i,...n.iba c of the Patriot for-
count of the total .,iit Cofthe Patriottfor-
suspected of an intea.tion to misrepresent what c.es before its walls.
was said and done. lie represented things as During the 8 months ending on the 31st ult,
they appeared to him ; and the proper title of the there were 1,047 arrivals at, and 981 departures
work would have been-"- Fi ,... iNt of Memoirs Iromr, -Havana. .
of his ownv times,by Chief Justice Yates." In During the same period there were exported
8of his own times, by Chief Justice2.520 boxes of Sugar, ano 617,506 arrobas of
that light the work is valuable and highly inter- Coffee.
testing. Th. curtain is drawn, and we behold the
interior construction of that edifice, which, now NEw YORK, SEPT. 19.
completed, excites, by its grandeur and beauty, We learn, from our Boston Correspondents,
universal, respect and admiration. .We see that a meeting of toe merchants of that metropo-
the materials, at first how incongruous, sha- lis was held on Monday at. 12 o'clock. .Iaunes
ped oat and elaborated by the master work- JPerkins, Ea.q. was chosen Ci, tim.,,, and Mr.
dr WVilliaim nHale, Secretary. A Memorial to Go-
men, with skill and perseverance, until the per- vernnent, on the subject ofrecevt piracies, was
fect work appears. We get a general view of:he ,i uariniu i u:l) adopted.-Mfercantile iAdv.


prevailing sentiment, under the influence ot
which this glorious fabric sprung into existence
-if we may. be pardoned for calling it glorious,
when it is the fashion to depreciate it. We find that
the sentiment was nearly unanimous that a na-
tional government" ought to be established, con-
sisting of a supreme (not r co-ordinate) judi-
cial, legislative, and executive." The only ques-
tion was, as to the proper mode of accomplishing
this object ; and it was the details, and not the
principle, which necessarily occupied so much
time ii Convention. The pride of the states was
less an obstacle,in the wvay of the formation of
tite constitution, than it is now disposed to be to
its successful operation.
Some have expressed their astonishment att' e
various propositions submitted for consideration,
some of which would at the present day be


NEW Yi;RK, SEPT. 19.
General Brown has arrived in this city from
the north, on his way to Washington.
As a proof of an improvement in our commerce,
we are warranted by the fact, in asserting, that at
this time there is on the stocks, at lour differ ent
ship-yards, about 4000 tons of shipping of the
first class, besides those that. have been recently
launched.- Gazette.

NORirFLK, SEPT. 18
Health of the town.--We are happy to have it
in our power to state that, neither the reports of
the Inspector for the last three cldays, the accurtu-
cy of which may be relied on, no, our own en-
quiries, furnish any cause for retracting the opl
union expressed i, Thursday's Be.con, that the
fever h s greatly relaxed its severity, and pr.,ni.i
ses a speedy i-'tOiitn oi. to health. The number
ld C- 'n r'- r


PUBLIC NOTICE.

Juavy Departent,
*ept. 2oth. 182i.
All vessels bound to the West Indies and Gulf
of Mexico, that shall rendezvous by the 15lh day
of October next, in latitude 57 degrees N. and
ten leagues east of Cape Henry, off the Chesa-
peake Bay, may have the benefit of convoy of the
United States' ship Hornet and brig Spark.

AUCTION SALES.
T'O-MORROW (Sa'urday) afternoon, at 4 o'clock, at
my auction store, Pennsylvania avenue, I shall sell,
a variety of articles, in pa,'t as follows:
2 te plate Stoves,
4 high and low post Bedsteads
1 black walnut Crib
1 ,'-k._-i. i Secretary and Bookcase
2 L. ..kn; Glasses
Bed and Mattresses
Candle Stands and Wash Stands
Tin Safes, Chars
Tables, Trays &c. &c.
together with a quantity of kitchen furniture.
Also, to close sales, a large quantity of Clothing, as
Coats, Vests, Pantaloons: and Shirts.
sep 21- M. POOR, auc




For the accommodation of the Mlen-hLiof the
Legislature, and those having bu-in,-.- ui'r ihit,
THE STEAM-BOAT MARYLAND
I "' ILL, on the first Monday in December. in additior
to her present.t route, conmenrtce ruonipig frt,r
Baltimore to Chestertown, by the way of \n....p .I*,
Leaving Ba timore every Monday morning at 8 ,o'
clock, touching at Annapolis, and from thence to Ches-
tertown. Fare as heretofore.
Baltimore, sep22 -w7w




NOTICE TO TRAVELLERS.
TNDR the-li ,ent .rr n9;e.ci... travellers can pass.
. EVER T AY I.t i'tk -:r II it .ni .rir, W aishi ngton CI ,
r,:. i..klbjure Richmondi, Petersburg, Haleigh, F.i
ciltl. s:.c. .rd Charleiton, S.C.
sep 22 d3w
Planters' Bank of Prince George's County,
,ept. 20th, 1821. ,5
"'-HE Board of Directors haviri this day declared a
a dividend for t'.e hair yfr i. dg the 24th inst at
the rate of 6 per cent. per anoun te sane ,vili be paid
to the stockhboidrs, or their representative on or after
tuesday the 25ti, inst.
TRUEMAN TYLER, Cashier.
sep 22-w3vw
[F'ashingtoit, l 'isteb' j 'id)iee, }
Sept. 20th/, 1821.
SOTICE is hereby given, thtt part of Iot i, in sq at
iL 292. with the impr vernents thereon, which was
,,,id bhi '_c Coiketor if the Second Ward for taxes due
i t Corporation f the >ity of Washington, and purchas-
i b -,eijanimn Wiiliams, on the 26th day of October,
18t9, has 'een re 'emed, and that the amount paid by
lie puirciaser at the time of sale, together with the in-
itr.-st due thereon, will be paid on application to thilus
2flire.
sep 22- WM. t-[E'WITT. Ree.


WASHINGTON THEATRE.

Last Night but one previous to the Benefits.
On Saturday E 'veing, ,eptember 22, 1821,
(by partieulaur desire,)
Will be presented an H storical Play, in 5 acts, called
THE FIRST PART OF HENRY 4th,
OR,
The Humors of Sir John Falstaff.
[ior characters see bills.]

After which will added, the Farce of the
IRISHMAN IN LONDON.

ep21 [For characters see bills.]
sep 21-
MARSHAL'S SALE.
"JN virtue of a writ o; fieri facias, issued from the
- Clerk's office of the County of Washington, to me
directed, I shall expose to public sale, for cash, at my
office in the County Court House, on Saturday the 22d
rest. a variety of household furniture. Seized and taken
in execution as the property of James l'att.erson, and
will be sold to sat sfy a debt due to John Peterson. Sale
to commence at 12 o'clock, M.
TENCH RINGGOLD,
sep 18-idts Mar. Dist. Col.
LAND FOR SALE.
1? Y virtue of a degree of the honorable the Jdges of
1. Charles County Court, sitting as a Court t Chan-
cery, I will offer, at public sale, on F., tir-.i the 24th
day of November next, on the premise-. the fll .4- ;ng
valuable real estate, viz: a tract or par rc 1.1' i ,ri,.j ihere-
of Thomas M. Fowler died seized, cl'Cij .r,tI !,:.-'s
ure i," containing about453 acres, reore less.Iy-
rag and be ng in Chsries cot.nty. Tt,;, Cr,,i 1,- imme-
laitely on te Potomac river, a i it- b,-l.-. Ltaidier's
Perrv. It- local a !vai-tages are gre ,t. bthe s..l i-, mely
., -.L., ,-nd a ll. d- .p -i l in. th g:r.-3. n ..t ,orn,
wheat, andtobscct It, isd...- ncI .. ,,r, c.-. ar) to g e
a further de scription of the above property, as it is pre-
sumed those incli..e to purchase wil view the same
-:r.-vious to the day of sale. The terms of sale are : the
nturchaser or purchasers to give ..-. r.J. h good sectttity
,fr the payment of t, -.. l, ,-,-1 money, in 1, 2 and 3
rears, wirh interest tier.- ,..-., ,,ual proportions. After
the payment of the whole purchase money, .a g,,od and
sifficent title, clear f ,11 ..,u,,,,l ,,n. w te made
to the piuichaser; and .1, i ,c ih ta-. .1 ,,t, t, pur-
chaser .r .. cl..-r. should not 'qnumly with the terms
above "p. iiiii, ihr ., i c- i.- d.t.. d t ,.e r, ...u- of
ouch purchaser or purchasers,, and he 01 tr ... 1. I be
held answerable fo: any los oup:n such re sale. Posses-
siotun will be given the first day of Jauarv nest
NAT'tAN HARRIS, Trustee.
Charles County, sep 22--w2m

SOUTHERN MONEY.
SWISH to puic-:.se B'uk N,,tes, Cu -cks, an approve
ed endorsed Hil-s, at short sight,, on
Stuth Carolina,
Nurth Carolina,
Georgia,
N .chiz,
Virginia,
Maryland,
all of which will be taken at a lower rate of .,-,h.nre-
than heretofore. Those having for ;.- oII ri, i ch
to their interest to:cal at my i.:-, to make any kind of
- .., i -,,s or money operations
v ,, 1|.I purchase Notes of the Banks of Ke tucky,
O,,io. Pennsylvania, Tennessee, ll:)nois, Missouri and
every other Bank in the United States. Also, the tBa-,ks
in t atai-*
I cat, at a 1 times, furnish Checks and Bills, at. tight
or shot' dates, as may be wanteci, to any amount, at the
lowest rates, on


deemed inadmissible, and almost heretical-ssuch ut u .itl uy iati-i leverc, c Um;t.iy, i w r ,
noon, is only thret.e, and we have head of on'y NOTICE Baltimore,
as, for instance, the proposition of Randolh six new cases urig the same period. We HE members of the Columbian Harmonic Society Philadelphia,
to establish an Executive of three persons, to be would not be uLndirstood, however, as holding, are '-1" .'. Ot h requestedd to meet at the Geneial Ne'- Y k, dar d
elected severally by three divisions of the states ; out an inducement to those If our citizens % % i'" .1 n -,, H.- it..... formeloy made use of by them, Boston. ,
of Mr. Dickinsn, to elect the members of the nave left town, to return while the weather pre- hat eveni, f the Society will hereatter beat HouPlease, Bridge street, eorxchange Office and Bain.
House of Representatives of the United States by serves its present t ierdeature. Such a stkin, we ght place. sep 22- 'tOMUUS' G
the Legislatures of the individual states ; of Mr. think, would bc very imprudent.-Baco0u. By order: ROB-lERT ELLIS,
Si--sep 22- Secretary. FIFTY DOLLARts I,. \D.
C, Pinckney,* that the National L.:llu ll AN away from the subscriber
030 C) A.raway'tortem the subsuibern hi-vi. 't-near Aldie,
have the power of negativingall laws to be passed The Dublin Mrning Pst f the 13th, con- Importnt to the Pubic. 1 .udoun county, Va. on the nigof the 18thnst.
have the poer of negativing all laws to be passed tains the particulars of the British King's lan..- SANFUORD' PERU VIAN BARK. a mulatto man, named CHARLES, who calls himself
by the state Legislatures ; of Mr. Geriry, that the i in Ireland. The Pier, at v tich he v ex- ,HE subscnbtr havng used his best endeavors to ix-arles Henderson, about 30 or 35 years old, 5 feet
National Executive be chosen by the state Exe. pected to land, w;,s crow ed with poisons of, n-- give to his superfine powder of the ;,ark all the ara rmer and ragner le had e, and by profession
cutives ; of Mr. Dickinson, that representation ability, and -'very .fi-gaituly dressed feies.t lhit i..rktIon o) whvic the article is susceptible, and being drarmertand wagonr.i He had on when heleft home a
should be apportioned according to the amount moment that the Ki ,, was discovered on boa sfied, tron, the dccidd el ce whic has ion s pposedhe illinn tas d a tr hat. it is

of revenue paid in by each state ; of Mr. Patter- the packet, they cheered, and enthusiastically atetiat his exermtns and those of lis te father ave him e goodmany clothes. I am apprehensive that he
son, to establish a Legislature of one branch aed the King God save, God bless th not been usucessl, feels it a dut, n less in Juste ie above reward if taken out of ts sate, 25 dollars if
So L g." o the public than to ITm.el; to expose a imposition takenin the state, 2or 10 dollars in the c oy, and lodg-
only, to be chosen by the states ; of Mr. Hanmil- On landing he with difficulty reached his tra- which hlie has !ately discovered to be practiced i v taken in tie so thatr I get him againthe county and lodg-
ton, to make the Senate eligible for life, ar.d the selling carriage, in which he proceeded, foiiowed ,ig this article. He htas ascertained tiat much interior charges pai i brooht agahome. aresonble
President also eligible for life, with the power of by immense concourse, to the Lord Lieutn- oa has i bu various parts o the Unit. Loudoun county, atig 8-d3w JACOB ISH.
ed ataLtes as zatiford's prepaiautio, and many purchasersJ.-
appointing the governor or president of each ant's Lodge, in Phoenix Park. He alighted at have been deceived in the expectation of having obtain- On 1It undr ed Dollars Reward.
who should have a negative upon the laws the door of the lodge and addressed all presit te uscber'sei powder, when, n they N aw from the ubscriber, g ar Quee
state, who should have a negative upon the laws, n na t f ig words : iving near Queen
s t ilat- the foilo w"ing words hate b e furnished stic comt n bark probably pow- u-7 Anne., Prince George's County, negro HARRY,
about to be passed in the state of which he is Il addressing you my. tiends uow around me, I co- deied its mill., aged 50fyears, a brights mulaCto, ndfull, faea bushy

fiaanutitilt say, this is icof Ite on.i T ott. di future, practice so i ions noton-.ands tou a Hs
Governor or President-and many others which ceive I am addressing the nobility gentry, and vyeoiten'lt t t thtur cter b ijios of v 6feet high l ator rndeatatin ispad
might be mentioned. These are quoted againstisnsl ofyeiand. atus fel ucihb is e"the tbi lest e i n: o theurcfia aterale miso iefat Iudentlb; if while at work great attention is paid
the survivors as proofs of anti-republican tenden- first of my family who set foot on Irish ground ; tat 'i c *- li are now infr ed that the subsc ,raised by WmD. iggse of nt county, and lived
cies. With deference we suggest, that this is burs off, bnhichi have witnessed ii ny pr e b bulkl eor el ,n oltl,,srertP., a land near George ow, for my years. He is an ex.
hither, has been mels -.,i .1 tli to me ; it shall be hry t s" .lanor in any other way titai 'in Pape -cclient carpenter. The above reward will be given if
hardly fair. The term Republicanism had at endeavor to repay i. Early in life lloved Ir.land, andt, res, tesiy pasted, in acylindricalforn, contain -a diBaitoe or Washington it j
that day a wider application than, at present. It I irust, I can boast of an Irish heart. I am just now from' e; i o .n .2 w wtpritcest D.lheW Dw a
t a protracted and tedious voyage ; circumstan.ces hLave btaIl'ts o'ld hr this way at reduced prices by all the W CLAGETT.
applied to forms of governments, and not to the occurred since its coninteicet ent, which will not t rhrre al ggists n the ciy 01 New -Yorki tephen ) ADVERTISEMENT. ,
modifications of those forms. Some were for particularly allude to : accept my heartfelt thanks ftbr. I th, of Philadelphia; Andrew T. Kenedy, of Alex- N the 9th it Jacob Kep blacksmith of this
m i our government. your trulymoe parish we lcune, I small now lake ,y leave ol: ti',lra, rias geant tor the District of Clubia; andolli ty, hired my hack and horsey, blacksmitho g of Haisbucig,
mtakingour government more aristocratic, and ytht ill drink a ur health eb, Raleig ; SInon Hall, o Newber, N, G; A. Pen. Since which ime, I have not heard from him, or
some fotr making it less so ; but the members of l,, ,f' nootd whiskey punch." 8." 'I iS. .h ,i P rciva L. Johinson, Jounstoi & Ma tenn c in hichimet have not heard from him, or
the Convention were unanimous in favor of a Re- li, then shook han,d with every person with- t at r L. Kknd, harleston Abraham D ed to this place i thie 17th inst. The body of the hack
publican form of government. .They had not in reach, without distincoa of rank or appear- s rd tarr, of Louisvil, Ky.; isaacD Bull,vanna built h orses bay, one 6y wood, the shape nearly square
the lights of experience to direct them, which dance, an retired e P. okins, and Harvey Seymour & o. of artrd, river s a frec ulatto boy, about 22 years old, naned
ItConn ; Martin Cowle., o, FFr'mingtoi; T. & Edw ardyCatlett. Not havingheardfromthedrivsersince
we have, whereby to appreciate the system they ,r. dams's Speech -The London Times, of soutayw Hd, & Co. of M bid hetowin; Hitchkiss & Du his departue I fear that M. K eple may have left hi
gave to us. It is wonderful how, amidst such the 10th of August, has the following remarks wi, ,nn0 in shent, it any the prieocurtotn Greeal without paying him, and that he has no money topay his
variant and conflicting sentiments, so wise a se. upon Mr. Adams' oration of the 4thl of July : part of the United Stateas,with the proprietor's essay oi said hack and horses. Any person who can give atoy in-
lection was made, and that there is not a feature The Washington Gazette of July 10th, cool. aI the tdifl'rent kinds of Peruvian bari- now used in the formation on the subject will greatly oblige the subscri.
of the present constitution which one would tains a speech of six columns in leugth, which UmIet States. ber by writingto him. His residence isn the Capitol
r.was delivered by the Hon. John Quincy Adas iAll such Druggists as are particular in the puiverising Hill, Washinigton cit roy. ei
change for any of the substitutes proposed for it as delAnnivered by of the Amn.JohnQuincy Adats, oh theta ,tlrnt men icies, are rcespectiully instrmeilby sep 22-3t WILLIAM CORTER.
nC no oe ont the Anniversary of the Asmerican lndeen- thie subscriber that, by applying to hmn, aL Greeuwice,
iConvention. How should we ever have got dence. This document is much talked of across Conn. they can have their drugs li various kinds pow NOTICE.
along with three Presidents, with Senators for the Atlantic ; and as it was designed for Ameri- dered in a vetr superior and elegant manner, anud wtill) rRAYEI) or stolen from the vicinity of Georgetown,
life,or with proconsulates instead of state govern- can ears, we are the less entitles, perhaps, to alp- despatchi and, as the efficacy of most articles depends nMonday thte 17.h inst.atiark bay Mare,havingaloong
ments ? ply to it the strict rules of European criticism. much upon he fineness of their powder, the public are tail, long blaze in lher forehead, about fifteen hands high,
Spl, to i t te s t r s of E a i informed that, by enquiring for Sauford's powdering, and five years old, in good order. Three dollars reward
We all see very clearly that these are anoma- Theti plan of the composition is better than its ex- they may be sure of obtaining articles that are we aill be given if found within te District, or six out of
us to our seeent system tbecaustee hae avbeen ecution. The orator begins by tracing tle cau- nufactured. the district, or ten by securing the thief so that he willfbe
lous to our present system, becausewe have been scs of the revolutionary war with Great Britain, sep 22-eo3t JOHN C. SANFORD. brought to justice. Property of Patrict Mc-amara. Ap-
educated under that system, and taught to regard and ends by exulting in its consequences. As plication to be made to Mr. P. Kearnan, 7th street, Wash,
it as the type of Republicanism. But it is possible, matter of history we cannot controvert his posi- AUMISTEAD AND SMITH ARE OFF! ington, or to Dr. Barber, in Georgetown.
had the less objectionable of those opinions pre- tions; and where he launches much into politi- Two Hndred Dollars Reward. sept22-T
failed in the Convention, we should have eall cal doctrines, we do not feel ourselves called upon 1 AN' away, on the 7th inst. from the subscriber, liv. UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.
failed in tie loivention, we should have equ.illy to combat him." 1-ing in LoudounB county, Va. negro AIMISTEAD, a VeHE Medical Lectures will, as usual, commence on
wondered that such principles as now adorn our cooper by trade. Armistead is about 30 years ofage,5 feet -L the first Monday in November.
Constitution had ever been proposed. Let us nt 9 or 10 inches high, delicately formed, has a keen sharp JOHN REDMAN COXE, M. D.
then d act fr the me-its of the ebers Jacb Hellings, Samuel Y. Thornton and Jo face, with a prominent nse, wide mouth, and very dark Dean of the Medical Faculty.
complexion, has a number of good clothes; he is a smart Philadelphia, aug 1-sept 11-wtdif
the Convention. They were an assembly o up Keys, three ofns a great numberoffeants fellow, and very mues ch addicted to conversation. Armis. AUCTION AND COMMISSION ESTABLISHEN
te a.r aed with a cnspiracv to- pass counterfeit tead's wife lives with a Mr. Jonathan Hall, near Lees. F FENI ifoms his fiends a d citizeNT.
right men, truly representing a pe ple with whose money, were tried last week at Doylestown, burg, and itis probable that e is lurking about there or FRENCH informs his friends and citizens
nimttey, wcre- tried last weekMat, ,oy s vgthe ie itish bu th or he intends, as usual, to transact business in either
interests their own were identified. H.. i ,4 no, (Penn.) and found guilty. The two former were the nehborhood of Middleburg, in which place his the above braces, at the old stand, corner of 6th
aster, ol. Noble Beveridge, resides, but ore likely the aove rahes, at the old stad, corner o 6th
otive to swerve from the ue intes d hap- sentenced to pay a ine of 1,000 dollars each, and itrytomak h capeto the north,and that he street and Pennsylvaniaavenue,and the adjoiig co
_; .. ... r- ...-. --... .... e. ihi rione for three years the otherto, e .. ..... r e f Birown's (late Davis 's Hotel.


pi ess ut the whole people, perhaps a more pre e ...- -------- ...- ---- ---..- .. iIP y
and conscieiious body of men never assembled.. onu dollar, and imprisoned f years,
We owe them and their rmemiry a debt of grati-
tude, the value of which we would not less. by sigIn ''Ti, I s apical rr nea the
present censure of propositions, the erior ot" nd iof 'i. lrinatad of selling- clams," it should read,
which we can or.ly discover through the vista of selling dra'."
time through which we have since psse. ----
-- DI ED,
*Atid Virginia, of all the States in the Union, voted in ''n the 19th instant, Mrs. MAORGARE'r MYEts, in the
favor of this proposition! year of her age, long a resident of Alexandria.


has procured a pass or iorged papers. -i -- ... .. .. .. -,
Al, nero ,SMII H, the property of a Mr. Moss ,of Havlng given nonds for t Ie faithful and punctual per-
Fairfax county, Va. Smith is frm 6 to 8 and 20 ys of i formance of his duty as Auctioneer, hopes he will share
FairfaxcounyV ,Sihs"..o li0yearsof Iaportion of public patronage. Sales made in the coun-
age, 5 feet 7 or 8 riches high, long face, large mouth and a pr p p Sa made n the coun-
ees, and rather of a light complexion. Hle h a wie try will be assiduously attended to, and on reasonable
hying at Dr Jatns Gaonell'sit rf i t terms.
Stat he is in rfaxthat andcount is proua- Sales on commission of Merchandise will be transact.
I will give the above reward for Armisead and Smithedata moderate er cent. H stand is too well known
I ir r;nto need any description, save it is central, commodious,
if take- out of tha state, or 6100 for either ii taken out to and extenive He further intends keeping ,cheou
,f the state, or 20 for the apprehension of either if sta- extenie". ..
tf, r git i t b0ok fior the sales of real estates, &c. where strangers
JOHN M. MCATY. ror citizens, on application, will be informed gratis, the
Near eebur, Lodoun o V sep ARTw rates and value ofproperty to be sold.
Near Leesburg, Loudouna co. Va. sep --2aw3m sept 19-2w









.... "T n America, every man is a shot from his very boy- ground upon which she justified its continuance was
CU'1M UNI 1'.JA ION S. hood, ad every man serves ini the militia ; but to bring founded on the falsehood that she was enabled to miti-
aU army of raw mlitia-men, however excellent they gate the horrors of the middle passage. Here were
RI1f EIV OF 111o E Ni ttiURATI/E. igiht be as shots, into a fair field against regular troops, proofs to the contrary. Those horrors were increased,
could end in nothing but defeat. When two lines op- and every thing conspired to the shame of that ation,
T0 T Y-RIT RS. pose each other, very little depends upon the accuracy which called itself christian, because it was bigoted-and
nT "rav t theatrauivwith which individwdls take aim. It is then that the ha- civilized, because it had the power to-oppress."
Gt e r: I have ju.t e d the Narative t of acting in concert, the confidence which each man This may serve as a sample ; it is not worth
of tGi Ca' paign of the B!3th i, ny at Wash- f els in his companions, and the rapidity and good order to follow them through all their billings-
ington, Baltimore, and Ne-v-Orleans, Ly an Ofii- in which' different movements can be executed, are alone while to follow them through all their billings-
co r who st'rh r ,in that, i Ne rens, y i vanik k which of real service. Put p nt these raw militia-men into thick gate.
hars whosad.reso in that to. wich liberal ex- woods, and send your regular troops to drive them out(si gOf the Netherlands I have said nothing, and
has made some noie, d hyou will immel iattyv lose all the advantages ofdiscip. have nothing to say ; but every impartial reader
tracts have appeared in most of our public prints, line, and reduce your battle to so many single combats., will be able to udge whether, ndr existing
It is certainly an intereting arid cnertaiifing ac- Hre, therefore, ly their great error. Hadtheyleftall circumstances, this abuse thiser, as Ju stice" saysng
count, but I do not think that it has been consid- clear, and permitted us to advance as far as Nottingham, circumst F ances, this abuse is, and Portugal, osays
ered in o right point of view. If read as a tega- thei bi,,ken up the roads, and covered them with trees, it Is, merited by F ance, Spain, and Portugal, or
ered in .. right point o viw. Irt dea ed as it would have been impossible for us to go a step beyond. whether I have been mistaken in the coloring.
lar official nd military report, it is indeed ex- As soon as this wss effected, they might have skirmish- I have given to it.
tremely defective. Its inaccuracies and orus- ed with usin front, and kent our attention alive with part Of the nature of our obligation I have scarcely
sions ace glaring wherever the author speaks of. oft eir troops, while the rest, acquainted as they doubt- O to sa but the following extract from
oibject~s foreign to the rn,_)vetus of his own; less were with every inch of the country, had got into a word to say ; but the following extract from
objects orign to the mrove. nts of hs own, les were wth similar mode of t processing cut off the speech of Sir J. Mackintosh will explain
cors, or which did not immediately f,11 under our rear, and, by a similar mode of proceedinL,
cor, or which did not imen noticed already our retreat Thus we should have been taken in a what it is :
his own eyes. These hae een noe. But thalre snare, rom which we could not extricate ourselves, and The noble lord had spoken with praie of the Amer-
Swith more detail tha, was requisite. But this sold have been obliVd, in all probability, to surren. government; in that praise he most cordially con-
work has no pretensions to the character of au- der at discretion. curred She had done that without engagement orn
th.e tic history. It is evidently the hasty compi- But this obvious and natural plan of defence, they tred h the as o t Elw ope had refused
'ti m of some youig subaltern officer from the chose to reject, and determined to trust all to the fate trea do though bound by the most solemn obligations; and
,atloose notes wh i ~ch ht n tilehsot,- and lie of a battle. And here, again, they were guilty of a l could not but rejoice in the rejection, that the two
loose notes whh he to. on te spot, and the monstrous error, in not occupying the town of Bladens- e coul not ut rejoice in the reflection, that the two
reports current it his regiment. From person- burg .ith part of their forces The most open village if states, tich were allied by English blood and liberty,
al experience I well know how defective such resolutely defended, will cost many men before it als ; which other states retained as if it were an advantage
infot nation must be, and how little an officer in whereas Bladensburg, being composed of substantial and a privilege. It was singular that they should both
the ranks can see or know of the country through brick houses,s might have been maintained for hours a- have abolished it in the same year, and again have con-
whih lie is m,ving, or of the enemy against eat wa of mlitarv knwede i n the dipositionof ed ini putting the seal to the abolition by ranking the
Whiot lie is acting, great wathof military knowledge in the ipsitin of odious traffic with other atrocious crimes. This measure
whm e is acin. oth their infantry and artillery. There was not, in theof making it a piracy would necessarily produce that
Yet this Narrative, although it cannot serve as whole space of their line, a single point where an ene- effect."
an historical document, is hie work of a clever my would be exposed to a cross fire. The troops wereJustice" will be silent as to
atid at-tile y ong olai, whose obset vctions~though drawn in three straight lines, like so may regimeuts I hope after this i Justice" will be silent as to
and acute y mung mran, whose obs ivations,thougi h i pyron-a rade; viete gunswerel-tsed as con- our cause of complaint against the European
tined w-ith na >nal prcj.dice-ud illiberality,are necting'links to a chain, being posted in the same order, powers, or their's against us. We have no more
friqjuen'ly ju'iicious. Instead of pointing out by ones and twos, at every interval.
again the blunders and errors of fact into which in maintaining" themselves, likewise, when attacked to do with them, in regard to the slave trade,than
he has fallen in his descriptions of Washingtun or thy exhibited either skill nor resolution. Of the per- if we livedng or infferent worlds. We have neither
w-Creansoi his constant mistakes Oror t sonal courage of the Americans, there can be-no doubt ; feelings or interests in common with them.
ew-Orcans, or s constant mistakes or isofe- the they are, idividally taken, as brave a nation as aniry in 1 come now to the point at issue. Is England
presentations on the force or movements of the the world. But they are not soldiers; they have not the, actuated solely b benevolent views in the zeal
'Amertcans, I would rather direct your attention experience nor the habits of soldiers. It was tie height, manifestedd by her to induce France Spain, and
and that of the public to those passages which offoly, therefore, to -i..0- .- into a situationwhere manifested by her to indtice France, Spain, and
nLay be useful to us. The observations of an im- nothitig except thin experience and those habits will Portugal, to aid in destroying the slave trade
ay be usel o us. he observations our attn in- avail andt is on this account at I repeat what I have To answer this question it will be necessary for
teligicnt enemy tist always deserve our atten- already said, that the capture of Washington was more me also to go back to history. England has se-
tion and most serious conMideration. owing to the faults of the Americans themselves, than to veral possessions on the coast of Africa, formerly
To illustrate these rem.,rks: if we read his ac- any other cause."
count of the battle of Bladensburg as an histori- [To be continued ] established for the purpose of carrying on the
co t battle of Bladenabug aa histori. [To be continued.] slave trade all of which, at this time, with the
cal or military narrative of that affair, it is cer- exception of Sierra Leone, are under the direct.
tainly too incorrect to deserve such a name. Any TO THE EDITORS. tion of the Jj'rican Company, who carry on a
reader would conclude from it that the British on lucrative trade with the natives, exchanging the
their arrival tound a regular army of double their Gentlemen : When I made a few brief re- manufactures of England for the various produc-
force, waiting for them in perfect order, in a marks on the secret motives of England for call- tions of that country, which consist of gums,
str ung position ; whereas that army was all corn- ing- on other nations to suppress the slave trade, ivory, gold dust, &c. Among these establish-
posei of militia, who saw an enemy's fire for the I had no idea that I should be required to give mernts are Apollonia, Dix Cove, Secunda, Com-
first time ; a small portion of it was in position; proofs it addition to what my piece contained, 5:i menida, Cape Coast, Aknnamaboo,Tantam Querry,
the remainder, harassed by marches and counter- support of the; opinions there exPressed.I thought Accra, Prampran, tho Isles of Loss, Fort James,
marches, was still in movement when the affair that the exttitcts from the speeches in Paria- &c.; all of which merit a particular description,
began, and a large proportion of these took no ment, &c. together with the general impressions but such would swell this communication fai be.
share in it whatsoever, but fell back as soon as of mankind, would be sufficient to bear me out, yondl the columns of your paper. Shall, there-
they saw the first line broken, and the advance in But i find I was mistaken. A writer, over- the fore, for the present, confine myself to the prin.i
retreat. Of these circumstances, however, a sub- signature of justice," not only, denies what I cipal one, Sierra Leone, at this time under the
altern officer of thire enemy, moving in the ranks did say, but what I did not say. He not only de- immediate charge, protection, and control, of the
of his regiment, could not be aware; he only saw ries that England is actuated by selfish motives, IBritish government. After the close of the
the heights before him crowned with arms and but denies also that Mr. Wilberforce or his American war, the streets of London were
artillery, and knew nothing of the confuttion and friends have been. To the latter I have nothing thronged with the wretched negroes who had
disorder that was behind. Whilst serving in the to say, but to the former it is proper I should of- been enticed front this country, many of their in
French army, I have been eng-ged in many of ter some proof in opposition to the opinions of the utmost degree of misery, without the means
the most important actions -which took place in my adversary. I shall pass over, as briefly as of support. In I786, the British government, to
the course of this century. But were I, without possible, his examination as to the mutual obli- get cleat of them, sent out, at its expense, about
consulting the official documents published on nation of European powers towards each other, 400 of them, with 60 whites, mostly women of
both sides, to write an account of these affairs and their want of faith, and his ingenious mde of' bad character and in ill health. This colony
merely from what I saw in the smoke and confu- proving that the United States, by laws volunta- soon went to ruin, but the land they occupied d,
sion of the field, or heard in the tattle and gossip rily passed, and which she has at all times the being about 20 miles square, an act of Parliament
of the camp, I should undoubtedly convey to my power of rpealing, lihas made herself a party in authorized another colony to be conducted by a
readers a most erroneous and incomplete notion the compact ; has sold hersief, oudy and soul, to company denominated the Sierra Leone Compa-
of there. t' he 6 Holy Alliance ;" and merely remark, ny, among the names of which is Win. Wilber-
That this author consulted no other authorities, that the guilty acts of individuals of a nation do force, Esq. M. P.
never opened an American account, nor read the not, constitte the acts of the nation, no more than T'e director, s, having stated the natural advan.
most common descriptionsof the country in which tie benevolence of an individual makes the be. tages of Sierra Leone, observed, that they had
heserved,c:mn be proved by the slightestrecapiu. "nevolence of a nation: and this writer has no not only to establish a commercial factory, but
laLion of some of the blunders and mistakes into more right to charge on France, Spain, Portu- that, to introduce civilization, cultivation, and a
which he has fallen on this occasion. The popula- gal, &c. the violation of their laws prohibiting safe trade, the company must provide for the se-
tion of Washington he values atabout 60,000 souls the slave trade by their subjects respectively, curity of the persons and property of the coin-
(vide page 139 ;) he attributes the destruction of than he has to give to England the whlaole credit, ists. Accordingly, three or tour vessels sailed,
all the public and military buildings to the Bri- of the benevolence of Mr. Wilberforce and his: having on board a council for the government oL
rish, whereas the bridge of Alexandria and the friends. All these nations have passed laws the colony and the management of the company's
arnms in the arsenal were destroyed by the Ame- prohibiting the trade, but they have not, like affairs ; a number of artificers and other servants
ricans themsIlves ; and he states,(vide pages 140, lEngland, all had the means of enforcing them. of the company ; some soldiers, and a very few
141, 142,) that the retreat of the British army was the United States was for a long time in the English settlers. They chose more than three-
hastened by the Americans rallying next day on same situation : our laws were severe, but it is fourths of their settlers from the free negroes in
Georgetown heights to the number of 12,000 quite recently that we sant vessels to the coast of Nova Scotia, who had borne arms for the Bri-
men, three times the number of the British army; Africa to carry them into effect. England and tish government during the dAmerican war."
and he even asserts that the movements of that France have also sent ships there. The first, with 4 The leading object .)f the Company was to
force were visible from the British camp. His all their numbers and boasted activity, have done open a trade with Jfrica, and considerable ad-
optics, in short, wherever there is any question less than us toward suppressing the trade. Of vantages appeared hereby likely to result to
of American forces, seem not only to have the success of the others I have aot heard, nor Great Britain, not only ftiom its obtaining several
possessed an uncommonly magnifying power, do I know the numbers employed. 1 see, how- commodities cheaper, but also from opening a
but ou this occasion to have discerned what was ever, by the :)ierra Leone Ga(zette, of the 3d of market for British manufactures, to the increas-
invisible to the eyes of every inhabitant of this December, 1820, that the French brig of war ing demand for which it was difficult to assign a
District. L'Huron, commanded by M. Duplessis, had ar- limit." To accomplish this purpose it was ne-
Nevertheless, this work is both entertaining and rived there, and was to be joined in a few days cessary that the company should possess a tract
instructive. It is well written; it cannot even by the schooner L'lris, commanded by M. Laine; of land as a depository for their goods, which the
so well be charged with partiality or unfairness t.!,at these vessels were destined to crueze as far Africans might cultivate secure from the ravages
as with incorrectness in its narrative part. The ,s Benin, in pursuit ot all vessels, in the slave of the slave trade ; and it having beun ascertained
author seems always diposed to render a trade under the French flag. that the climate and soil were admirably adapted
full and fair testimony to the individual courage Let this, then, stand as an answer to the charge to the cultivation of tropical produce, a sugar
and spirit of the Americans, and, indeed, on some that France has done nothing. plantation, on the company's account, was escab-
occasions,exaggerates their resistance,in order to Spain and Portugal have been torn by intestine lished at the place now called Free Town.
'overrate the merit of overcoming it. (Vide pa- commrotions-their rekectivc governments have Every thing being thus settled, in 1792 several
ges 123-4.) But the most valuable and inter- scarcely been enabled to sustain themselves. ships sailed, with 1132 negroes, froal Nova Sco
testing passages in the work arethose which con- Whether they have or have not done any thing to tia, among whom was the famous John Kissell.
tain his observations on the military conduct and fulfil their engagements, I am ignorant. Their The town was built, with magazines for goods,
operations of the two parties. These are very situation has, however, been such as to call for and a hospital; forts were erected for its protec-
judicious, and confirm the judgments of our best the sympathy and charity of England, instead of tion, and trade went on prosperously,.
officers alund statesmen, from Washington to the the abuse which Justice" seems to think they In 1794, the French governmyut discovered
present day, upon the proper service of the mili- so well deserve. The language of that abuse I that this commercial establishment, made osten-
tsa and regular troops, and the best manner have not heretofore shown I now take the ii- sibly for benevolent purposes, was arriving at an
of einploying them according to their separate berty of giving a specimen of it. alarming importance, and calculated to jeopar-
capaceties, I would recommend to the serious Extract from the Speech of the Jlarquis of Londonderry, dise her interests on the coast; and finding, also,
perusal and consideration of every American the i France, the dealing in slaves was no crime by the that the blacks were kept in a degree of subjec-
following reflections: with which the author existing laws; it was merely a civil offence, punishable tion little short of slavery, sent ships to destroy the
concludes his narrative of the battle of BIadens- by fine and confiscation of the property embarked in it; magazines, and to give the negroes liberty. The
burg, an,: which he nearly repeats (page 201,) and the efforts of the French government had not yet place was accordingly taken, the company's
after his account of the battle of Baltimore. been able to overcome the national prejudices so far as poe destroy d the French national fla n hos-
Uon the subject of this last affair evey Ame to render it a criminal offence. With regard to Portu- stores destroyed, the French national flag hoist-
Upon tgle suleject is ast a ,evey me at hewas compelled to observe, that that government ed, and the place left in the possession of the
rican will be able to judge how insufficient his formed an inglorious exception to the rest of Europe, blacks, whose property and houses were unin-
account must be to serve as a historical docu- and that it felt no disposition whatever to abolish the jured.
mernt in drawing up a relation of it, when he traffic in slaves." In this expedition, the slave establishments of
makes not the slightest mention of the attack by Extract from the Speech of SirJ. iliackintosh. the Isles of Loss, and Bane Island, and the fac-
sea and of the defence of Fort McHenry. The Portugal stood alone singular in the love of infamy, tories were destroyed, together with ten or- fifteen
advanced guard of the Americans, with whom and obstinate in thie refusal of any stipulation whichim Sierra n hs
alone the Bri-ish fought by land, he values at right relieve her from disgrace. 8lue had assented to slave ships. Since this time, Sie-ra Leone- has
aone thead of 2,415 me land, e values at the theory, but was base enough to resist the practical been under the British government, on the same
6,00(nseat o 2,415 m1n application. It was in vain for the noble lord to urge footing with her other colonies. There are now
With respect to the Americans, criticismnecessarily the confusion of ler government. Tliere was no disturb- four hundred houses within the walls of Free
degeneratus into umqualified censure. From tihe begin once in her gove-lncnt for five years after the abolition ntaining
nng to the end of the affair tley acted in no one instance had been edn this country, yet hese five years Town, containing 1917 inhabitants, besides 2500
like prudent or sagacious men. In the first place, tlre. were permitted to pass without any attempt to follow negioes, treed by sentences of the Admiralty
ought on no account to have risked a general action in i the example. The noble lord halid allded to the possm- Court, and employed in building villages, clear.-


an open country, however strong and steep; and, se- ble objection o some fature' Cortes, but not a word dihd ing swamps, making roads, doing the duty of
ndly, they deserved to suffer much more than they he utter in condemnation of the absolute government by soldiers in the forts, and servants in the houses.
did, tor permitting an enemy's army to penetrate be- oese piicy the measure was resIsted. Portugal had orts, ad sevens in the houses
yond Notimighacn. In allowing us to land without oppo- sealed its own doom, and had pronounced its own iinf- Severalof them were enlisted during tiae war wit/h
siltion, they were perhaps guilty of no great error ; but mn, as early as 1810, andit was impossible to regard her this country, and served with the British army
as suon as we had landed, instead of concentrating their in an) otler light than as a country which had proclaim- at ,A'ew Orleans, where more of them perished
src s in one place, they ought to have harrassedt us With ed hlierself an outlaw from civilized nations by refusing to by a cold to which they had never been accus-
coUnt ual skuirmishingm ; felled trees on each side, and assume evenly the semblance of virtue, and affect to carry toned, tian by the fire of our troops.
thr,it thi ,i across the road ; dug deep ditches at cer- into execution what ,t was base and profligate to oppose.
tain ;icrvils ; ii short, to lmave adopted the mode of The basesI hypocrisy had marked every step of the con- Sierra Le.one is increasing in importance to
warit e to which their own habits, as well as the nature duct of Portugal with regard to her favorite trade. One England; through it she carries on an immense
of their country, invited them.


commerce with the interior, the capture of every EUROPEAN NEWS.
-slave vessel augments its population. Itfurnisil- --
es troops for her armies, and we have seen in our NEW YRoRK, SEPT. 17.
papers that Indian corn from thence has been sold The rumor of the death of the Queen, whic"i
in the West Indies at 25 cents per bushel.- we announced on Saturday, is confirmed.
With these interests in view, who will presume This distinguished Princess, whose character'
to say that England, from the commencement of and peculiar situation has commanded so great a.
the colony to the present day, has been actuated share of tha public attention for the last eighteen
solely by feelings of benevolence, and a desire to months, and at intervals for many years before,
introduce civilization into Africa? departed a life, which, to her, has been one of
SI will pass briefly over the smaller numerous singular care, anxiety and trouble, on the 7th
establishments on the coast, twenty-seven of August. Hir complaint seems to have been ant
which may be counted from Appalonia to Accra, inflammation of the bowels, succeeded by morti-
a distance of 64 leagues, and come at once to fiction. Her majesty was daughter of Charles
Cape Coast Castle, the head-quarters of the Af- William Frederick, Duke of Brunswick, by her
rican company. Royal Highness Augusta, eldest sister of his late-
These places are ostensibly for the purpose of majesty George III. She was born 17th of May,
suppressing the Slave Trade. We will perceive 1768, and in 1795 married his present majesty
their adequacy to the object by the following George IV. then Prince of Wales, by whom she
brief description : had one daughter, the late lamented Princess
The first on the Gold Coast is Appalonia, gar- Charlotte, of Sa.xe-Coburg. The Royal House;
risoned by a black sergeant and two soldiers ; it of Brunswick became connected with the Roy-.
pays a tribute to the chief of the town, who seizes al family of England in the reign of James.
the Governor's servants, or withholds provisions, The persons present at the moment of her ma-
whenever he wishes to bring him over to his own jesty's death, were lord and lady Hood, and lady
terms. Ann Hamilton; allderman.Wood and his son, the
Dix Cove has a soldier or two more. Secon- Rev. Mr. John WVood ; Dr. Baillie, Dr. Ains-
da is a thatched house with a governor and two lie, Dr. Maton, Dr. Warren, and Dr. Holland
black soldiers. Mr. Wilde, Dr. Lushington, and Mr. Austin.
Cape Coast Castle is a tolerably well con- Soon after the bulletin, announcing her death,
structed fortress, and is the residence of the Corn- was delivered, all the medical gentlemen, except
pany's Governor in Chief. Dr. Holland, departed. Dr, Holland remained
The strength of the garrison, composed chief- all night at Brandenburgh-house, as did also lady
ly of captured and redeemed negroes, and officer- Ann Hamilton. Numerous expresses were sent
ed by traders, consists of about one hundred off in different directions.
men-this includes servants and slaves. For, in. She was sensible to the last, and gave direc-
credible as it may appear, they, the fmrican Com. tions as to her interment. A few hours before
pany's Agents, do hold slaves there, All of these her death, she observed to a faithfiil female at-
are regularly trained and exercised. tend.:nt, The doctors do not understand my
Nine miles to the eastward of this is Annama- malady ; it is here, (laying her hand upon her
boo, a position of little importance, except as a heart,) but I will be silent ; my lips shall never
check on the Ashantees, who recently destroyed mike it known."
the town. It has a Governor and fifteen negro The question is already asked in the papers-
soldiers. Will the King marry again ?"
Tantam Querry follows, of little importance -Loss of the Earl Moira,. Dublin Packet.-
except as a point on the line of communication This vessel sailed from Liverpool for Dublin on
from CapeCoast to Accra,the easternmost on the the night of the 8th of August, having on board
Gold Coast, next in importance to Cape Coast: about 130 passengers who were going on a visit
it h',s a trade in ivory,ka garrisonof seven soldiers. to Ireland. A short time after she sailed, she
Now, it is quite impossible that these wretch- struck on a bank between Mock Btgger and
ed forts, miserably garrisoned, and placed on a Hoylade, and in a few hours the passengers
line of coast of 200 miles, can tend, in the small- were alarmed by the water pouring into the c.,bin.
est degree, to the prevention of the Slave Trade, The scene now became lawful. The only boat on
and it is well known they do not. board was in a shattered state, and no prospect of
The guns of these forts are on a par with their relief appeared. In thne morning some boats
garrisons. An attempt being made to fire a sa-, came to their assistance, but miny of the passen-
lute at Accra, the powder escaped through the gers had been washed off and drowned, and only
touch-hole, leaving the wad in the gun, and Sit- about fifty persons were saved. The disaster is
J.Lmes Yeg informed the committee of African attributed to the Ca'ptain, who was so much in-
mnerchants, that their impotence was such that toxicated, as render hint unfit to navigate the
they could not even prevent the offering of human vessel.
sacr-fices under their walls. THE GREEKS AND TURKS.
The following brief narrative will show their The papers continue to' be filled with letters,
inefficiency and the degradation to which the Bri. and rumors, concerning the contest between the
ish subject themselves to hold a footing on that Grceks and.Turks ; but.they are as unsatisfactory
coast to carry on a trade, as formerly. We have not room to make many
The Fantees are the (allies" ofEngland,among extracts touching these affairs ; nor indeed is
whom two rebel chiefs from the Ashantee nation there much necessity for it, as they would serve
sought refuge in 1806. Sai Tooto (quamnina, the ather to bewilder than ettlighten the reader.
King of Ashantee, pursued them, and finding the A detailed account is given of a late affair in
Fantees had espoused their cause, overrun their Moldavia, in which two small Greek parties, the
country, pursued them to Annamaboo, where largest about seven hundred strong, were com-
the Fautees had taken shelter. A dreadful slaugh- pletely routed. From the accounts generally,
ter ensued close under the walls of, the fort, in however, we are inclined to the opinion that the
which 8,000 persons were put to the sword. The cause of the Greeks is gradually brightening.
English fired a few shot, but with so little effect The same degree of incertitude still hangs
that, after the slaughter, the Ashantees turned over the conduct of the Emperor of Russia, as to
their arms against the fort itself, and advanced the course he intends to pursue. But the pre-
to the muzz;es of the guns ; some of the garri- ailing opinion is, that he will! embark in the war,
son were killed, but having fortunately received if he has not done so already..
a reinforcement from CapeCoast, a flag of truce A Vienna paragraph of July 22, observes--It
was sent out and the for bearance and friendship of is said that our Cabinet has received an official
his Sable Maj,'sty King Quamini was purchased, notification of the declaration of war by Russia
by the giving up of one of the rebel chiefs who against the Ottoman Porte. It ism generally thought
had sought a refuge at Cape Coast Castle, that Austria will, in this event, limit herself to
The British say this gave the King a very fa- concentrating a corps diarmee on the frontiers,
vorable opinion of them !" and placing 30,000 men at the disposal of the
The Ashantees invaded the Fantees again in Emperor ot Russia, according ts ancient treaties
I116, pursued them, and butchered them as be- still in force.
fore, when the Governor of Cape Coast Castle The Turks are concentrating- in the environs
purchased their retreat by the payment of a large of Bucharest. They have committed horrible
sum of money. To deprecate these repeated cruelties in Wallachia, and the inhabitants whom
calamities, to conciliate so powerful a monarch, they have left here have been barbarously mutil-
and to propitiat, an extension of commerce," (I ated ; they have cut off their noses and ears.
use their own language,) a mission was sent to
Ashantee. Stone Alasons, Carpenters, and Laborers,
I cannot carry my readers through all the COME HEREi
squabbless between the black chiefs and the diplo- E subscriber wishes to employ few god Masons,
t, tile~ ,1 amount o th a i HE subscriber wishes to employ \ few good Masons,
mratists, respecting the amount of the ackirs and In Carppnters, and Laborers, at a Bm3nge now erecting
ounces which the former demanded as annual tri- over James River, at Cartersville, Va. were they may
bute ; suffice it to say that a treaty of perpetu- expect steady work and good encouragement, if desery-
al peace and harmony" was concluded between ing it. I can safely say that it is as healthy as any other
the British subjects residing in Africa and the place in the Union.
SThe subscriber offers his services to BRIDGE COMf-
subjects of the King of Ashantee. PANIES, &c. as contractor, or is willing to give plans
But, alas notwithstanding the promise of the and estimates for a moderate compensation. For further
King; notwithstanding the signature of Sai Tooto particulars, direct as above, or to New-Market, Fieder-
Quamini, his mark ; the King of Dwabin his ick county, Md. when every satisfaction and immediate
; mark ; and the marks of Quashee Tom and attention will be given. SCoTTr
eight others of equal renown ; notwithstanding se0 3t DAID
the terrible oaths the King swore on his gold- IMPORTANT TO LAND OWNERS.
handled sword, in the presence of his three hun- '
dred wives, in all the splendor of African beauty, Jquditor's Office, of Virginia,
in all the luxuriance of lips and flatness of nose ; 12th Sept. 1821. 5
notwithstanding his solemn invocation of his r~gHE lands which have vested in the Literary Fund,
Fetish to kill him if he did not keep the law ; not- IL for non-payment of taxes, will be trredeemuble after
withstanding all this, and much more, this great the 22d February, 1822. Thme attention of propretors-is
King never conplhA With omne ar'tice of the useariy invited to the subject in order to aftord them
Kg ever complied W one article of the an opportunity of saving their lands from forfeiture. Ih-
treaty -dividuals who have purchased land, tf cultivation of
It is time I should show how the African corn- which may have been omitted fbrany oneyear, particular.
pany conducts its affairs through its agents, ly since 1815, would do well to make emnquiry atthis office
The officers are paid in goods,which they sell to. whether the same his beeit etupred dehinqnt. in all
the natives. On these goods the company laybe give of the quantity and situation of the hands, and
an advance of sixty or eighty per cent. on the in- the'names of former owners through whom they have
voice price ; and, as their pay is inadequate to been derived. Many hundred tracts are aow delinquent,
their support, it is a very common thing to see standing in other names than those of the actual own-
young men, officers, selling drams to tht native.," ers, and upon which, without the knowledge of the pre-
and doing even more for a subsistence, sent proprietors, the state possesses alien that is annual-
and dog even more for is a subsistene. ly augmenting.
SThe Governor himself is a mere shop-keep- sep 21-2t .TAS. E. HEATH, Auditor.
er.' The English uniform is disgraced, the
flag insulted, the forts impotent, and the officerss LANDS IN FLORIDA.
in league with the natives of the water side to 9EING inposs sin of a tirmal & authenticated tithe
cheat those of the inland in trade." tura coniderable rritorny n EastFlori, the us-
these traders it uniform, like their ju n tural bouindJaries of which are, on thue west, the Giutoi0
hes traders in uniform, like the uos exico; on the south, Point River; on the east, a chain.
traffic, wear the semblance of honor to subserve of lakes and their interfluent river, St. John ; on tie
their interests ; and, influenced by the same spi- north, the river Amajra : and it appearing that specti-
rit which actuates the whole mercantile commu- Istions in land wirli.i the limits of my grant, which is oe
nity of their nation, think no pursuit too mean, a date intemimr, to the mesu of the province by Great
no art tanoo base, if wealth is to be obtained by it.- ritit an ar measure obv.isly of pudence in.
ctuiat from me, as a measure obviously of prudence it-


ls such conduct calculated to promote the 'prin- respect to myself, and of justice to others, I make the.
ciples of humanity and liberty ?" Is such con- fact public.H li VE,
duct praiseworthy ? Is this elevated benevo- aug 31-2awlm Westmoreland county, Va.
lence ?'' Is this disinterestedness in the British
government, the A.frican Company, or its offi- For Sale o- Rent,
cers, Mr. Wilberforce to the contrary notwith- -- THR large brick Tavern in Dumfries, occupied
stadi g? at present by capt. George Williams. lo-ises-
I wil endeavor to answer some other points ,- ...11 be given on the first day of January next. For
eI r endvorto answer soe I terms apply to the subscriber, living in Dumfries,
heuaier. TRUTl. june4-wtf JOf IN SPBN.CEI