National intelligencer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00032
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: September 8, 1821
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00032
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text

:,~ -''

No. 3236.

Vol. XXII.





At sun rise
3 1. M.
Mean of tle month
Do August 1820
Greatest heat
Least do

30 20 inches .10th day.
29.76 do 25dh day.
00 4.1. equal about 450

Temperature of water,,-'?.,g .r 31.
Great Public Fbiunain, betv. een 1 and K streets 62,00
PuMp at Treasurs Buildings 58.00
Do at Stother's Hotel 58.00
North 3; S.0; E 0; W. 1, N. W. 12; S. W. 21; N. E.
7; S. E. 2; Calmn 47.
Nearly threefourths from W. semicircle of the Horizon.
Glear 75. Cloudy 15. Rain 3. No electric explosion.
Mean Feperature of August.
At Vera Cruz, (14. years) 82.13
Mexico 63.26
SParis 43 years) 68.x9
0' The greatest heat of July was on the 30th and 31st,
at Salem, Boston, New London, Wilmington, (Del.) New'
York, Philadelphia, tPetersburg, Va. Cahaba, (Alab.) St.
Stephens, (Alab.) Cinciinati, Delaware, (''hio,) Chillico-
the, and Marietta. A space of about 11 degrees of La-
titude, and 17 of Lo!,gitide !
Tihe mean temperature of luly in the United States,
differs not much from that of Vera Cruz and Constantino.'
The observations of Temperature, Wfifndsand W'eather,
are made each day at sunrise, 3 P.e ie an sunset,
The Institute has about forty regular monthly meteoric
Colu:nbi.: i :itute, Sept. 3, 1821.

Report of Deaths in thie City of iiin.'ii: i.,,
ring the month of ,.iji'r, 1821.
Cholera Infantum 17 | Insanity (colored)
Do (colored) 2 Whooping Coughs
Bilious Fever 7 Diarrhoea
'onsumption 4 Io (colored)
Dysentery 3 Drinking cold water
Convulsions 3 D)o (colored)
Do (colored) 1 Old Age
Teethinig 1 -
Worms 32 Total
Contusion (colored) 1

Health Officer,

ease. The whooping cough does not come to
its height in less than six weeks from its com-
mencement, and then, when a favorable termina-
tion is expected, the declension of the disease is
gradual, and it dues not terminate in less than
six weeks more. To -rrest this afflicting dispi -
der it its progress, I would recommend vaccina-
tion in the second or third weuk of the whoop-
iig cough, i. e. when the symptoms of the
whooping cough are fully ascertained, then to
vaccinate. Should the convulsive cough be vioa.
lent, I should iraitediately vaccinate ; being well
assured that the distressing symptonis of the
whooping cough are checked by vaccine disease.
The termination of the vaccine disease will be
the termination of the whooping cough."

The clergy of Germr-any, to judge from the fol-
lowing sample, among others, of their conduct,
appear to have had similar propensities with their
brethren in all parts of the world. In some little
town on the Rhine, on a particular fast dlay, one
of them preached a long and can eloquent sermon
against intemperance, which he concluded by
describing what intemperance was. It was pas-
sing those bounds which nature had prescribed.
It was intemperance, he said, for some men, who
were quarrelsome in their cups, ever to drink
wine. There were others, to whom a battle was
refreshment ; but to whom too caused sickness.
They were intemperate when they drank more
than one. Some men enlivened a circle of friends
and were kind to their wives, even after they had
drank four bottles ;and it was not right in them
to diminish their kindness by drinking less. There
were others, more highly gifted servants of the
Deity, who felt tieir hearts warm with gratitude
to Him, as the generous blood circulated in.their
blood, who were friendly with their families, gen-
erous to all men, and even nobly forgetful of in-
juries, when they had drank eight boitles. With
them intemperance began at the ninth. But
these, lie said, are the peculiar favorites of God,
to them he has given the joys of the, world, as an
evidence of the joys of hereafter ;, and all his con-
gregationi knew with what gratitude, (bowing as
he said it,) he acknowl- dged himsi-li to be one
of these favorites.-Hlodgskin's Travels.

the most stable basis. The ;..embers of it are
few, are selected for their extensive attainmiemts
in science, for their ability to discrimtnmte be-
tween righi and wrong, and their integrity to dis-
pense justice in obedience to the established truics
and common understanding of the people. Here
the constittitution, the great palladium of our lihc;er
ties, finds its stay and support. By our judges is
it to be preserved from invasion. So'careful
were the fra-mers of that instruinent, ,ind so jeJa-
lous have heen the people, who knew frou his-
tory and experience that in every age and cliinate
legislators were but im,-, that imatkihid n vcre al-
ways the same, and that to err is humnan"-so
cautious have they ucen for the phreC.ervation oin
this grcal land-mark, that the sact ed obligation
of an oath fastens the ,. L istrate absoiuter lin its
defeuce. Neither under Ithe plausible l.ir. ext ofl
the public trod, iftir iii the ;,ame ir" under tihe
assumed authority of a majority of the pe-ple,
can they fail in shielding- it from every attack.
And herein may be disc-'vered the definition oif
the duties of a judge, i.i c,.nntradistinction to the
supposed obligation to confobrm to the wiil of the
legislature--.tht thercris no alternative; the sanc-
tity of an oath leaves hiti no discretion, and closes
every a, enueito notions of expediency and policy,
and brings him within the limits of absolute and
unqualified duty.
The constitution being paramount and supreme,
a law that violates its provisions cannot, be admi-
nistered, if made; and the judge who would at-
tempt it, might justly compare the former to a
fortress, the gtuis of which are turned against
the place they vere i_tended to defend. And
when the time ... arrive that we arem ,horn of
an independent judiciary, then will the wvise man
see the dawn of despotism. Its absence is death
-its partial .existence a compromise g between the
tyrant and the slave. But a just estimation of its
value, a legitimate exercise of its powers, and a
competent knowledge of its rational duties, is the
frceman's rock.

At New-Orleans, recently, Mr. A. L. CozzeNs, former.
ly of Washington city.

warek. out of fourteen beautiful poplars, which at
once effiorded shade and were an ornament to the
parade Ground, ten were literally torn up by the
roets. 'Much other damage was done in that
neigihbbrhoo.d, being greatly exposed to the vio-
lence oi the gale d'.-ing its rage from the' N. E.
and N. WV.
Several chimneys were blown down in differ-
ent parts cf the ci'y.
The northeas: chimney of Christ Church was
blown down, and in its full shattered the railing
of tht roof. It is said that tlh steeple shook con-
The Steam Bout which came down the Dela-
ware passed three market boats bottom up. We
atpp:'ehend thero has been much injury sustained
and Ininy lives lost on our rivers.
A beat in which were some white people sunk
off Kensington. It is said three white men were
A new house in Second, above Noble street, in
which there were no window's, had the gable end
blown down on a small frame baker's shop. The
shop was crushed to pieces and the baker, who
was in it, severely wounded, but not killed. As
soon as the baker heard the crash, he crept be-
hind a stove, which, together with a barrel of
fltiur, prevented the weight frim crushing him
to death, He remained in that situation until
helped out,

EING in po-sesm.n oi a torimali& authenticated title
0n'- a c sittdrabie territory in East Florila, the na-
ueral bonnim.r cs of which are, on the west, tile iulf of
M: ,:jicn; on dhe.ioutlk, Point iver; on the east, a chain
of iakeS a&n. their interfluent river, St. John ; in di
no-t., the river Amajura : andi i appearing that specu
0lLo,-s i n land within, the lkeats of tay grant, wluch is of
a dtle :ntcrior t:) the cessio, ;it the provitice by Great
d;'itaii to spaln r male, or re.diated, v'ithout au-
thoi4ty tfrorn me, as a mea' 'e obviously of prudence in
reF ct m) self, and of justice to others, I make the
aci' public. H LER,
Vestnairelajnd county, Virginia.
aui' 31-2awlni

t FINF healihy b c-k t.oy, ahoual 14 years of .age, to
jiL. be dspcsed ofto a good master. Epiile a of
,. Pon ',
sep 7--4it Auc'r and Commission Mcr't.

A n TvWICE A WESEK IN THE RECEss Copyof a letter from a n m at Porttal- Foa THE cL.A si (flaw) EEA aD. NEW-TORK, SEPT.' 4.
Price,forayeyr,---sirxdollars'l Zayable in advance. Prinee, to his friend in Washin~ton, dated Iio fth a .n- From tu r..i ll 4'ock ster
Fr,' six moalths, four dollars r -PtIcE, ti- .' -ne. 82i 8 ri ne ea i he prioct a :-et 'o a c.su c t day afternt.. ,...a. ,, 0 i c .::. I with repeated and
Te sbscribing tor a year, who o not, eithr atthe time of P P CE1821. freent uon the ig subject, that the ous owers o ra, accompanied by so
.... ,, .',.,',, ienotice o'their wis Since closing my letters of this date, I have legislativee and- jdicii s.e tments of govern- opio s showers oftra d accompanied by Soiex
will be presunied as desi'ig its catinnaice until counter- been looking over the-official ricui n of the im-. mentwere intended .eto be separate,. aides of hundoserher i; the wind u and. the
rmanded, and it will be continued aeoridingly, at the option ports of provisions in American vessels, for the greater the distance, the great-r the safety .Ae time eerds and '.;os ; almost every pio.nt oi
of the edi"" last month, in this port, and from their ma.,- inslun e .it; m andthe tuJxe, s, e.t- the compass.when about.half past 4 o'clock yes-
.uc. and execut-teeru
-t"'-" ude I deem it worthy of being published in the '. e a execttu them b t.e e. case .> e .day ate-rnoon it came out from about East,
l .. .,e .=t..w-o- --/ ., ,. -,l t ,, functiuios be i.. and exeruxt 0. ,i- ,te ., ury of arhurricane,and
.;-" ..- .'. .. ',.. National I-,telli:-.. :r, in order that our govern- by the saine body, a-d .nd of liberty. .... furyst o'cock a eser-
ment and citizens may see the import'r;"e )f the In -,id.; t. their bi. -. rate, i is J. 0 i, A.I .. ., ii' chimneys, t .
commerce of our cosintry, with this Island. Im- of equal importi... i.- I*.- ....t iti buildings, 6 ,d proisrating tees in various direc-
Pubbi Laported-A sale of Public Lands i the p d in \ vesselnto the port of Port- -the dichre .. so tats When the gale was at its height it pr
north, rn part of the Delaware district, in Ohio, au-Prince in the inonth of July, 1821, as follows': neer shold '.. -. ." ie sented a Wmost awful spectacle. The falling of'
commenced or. the 20th ultimo,and a largenumber .l-e. thousand barrels of flour, one tsfwusand and o"e "e einacteons I s fom te ...sat om the rotfs of t -.ilr.c and broken
of tracts were sold i the tw, first days, as high nethousandbarels of flour, Oneas owusad and ore lie enacted, ndthen the windows, mael it unsafe fo r allny
of tractfifeen tierces of ice, five hundred and thirty- nistered the laws, had :., .. i '. r-, n- 'o i.to th-I .ttSa. Should the storm
as from two to s dars per acre. Public lands, three barrels of por, thirtyt thousand hams clinion, or capacity .. .. ,. pw-.- ..,. ,, Jith eq' ua u ylany diance.along
it ,will be recollected, are, now sold for cash, and pieces of -bacon, besides beef, ii, butter er the irule of action, %' 1- .!....- .-. me- our ea board, we fear for die daesntcuou ofiives
considering the scarcity of which, these sales were d, lumber, arid oth,.Amei procd iuctionsi. in*or'* 1.-i. wotld -.i -. ....- -mi ..y tit 'a2:.- :' ..,casit- ,- !- i ''
very good. Thii ielaware Giazette of the 22d, n poprn to ttic rcdeg i .- .-....- wwter wh ae co-
tates thatthe bidding wasgoing on, and there All this commerce is without any national pro- apprehend, or the other impose. -" .n., .se to a.., sn ial .' whe t a.
seonto exect extensive sale fiom section. wo days since the cruizers of this go- In 6ur government, where ali ..it'. ii... orig.i- l the w ,-Vaes atnd ui h the cellars .the
was reason to expect extensive sales, flom the vernment brought'into port two small vessels, or ates with, n, i is conferred by thl people a,.t astre on th. ,arin ofthe East and North rivers.
number of moneyed men assembled there front, barges, filled with dspei'adoes, who were fi.thd where lhe l.eislture.is trusted ith .., (uaiies of iur, na other ..r .
other states. out expressly far the purpose of capturing s: sion of the will of the whole, j ,- .-- in m-iy n- on te wharvws, ,av. either been floate i ,, ,,
-- -- y f r t 0 rn ..i--. are, and in somIe must b ci Catcd by thi, been dig. Tihe ll .. .. are all the pa i-
General William Carroll is elected Governor American schooner that sailed trm here ..:,, egisit.e department. Io guird against cilas we havbeeabl tocolect of the disa
of the State of Tennessee, by about 30,000 v,.tes with fifty or Sixty thousand dollars of specie, -,i-- ,e crature to thepower creating, ters and destruction to property in this city andt
over his competitor. bound to Philadelphia Ilad these pirates suc-1 h ... '. lends its most sasonable aid, its neighbi'ood
Israel Pclens, formerly a valuable member I :eckd in their objects it s probable they would and the fri dge t define th The wharves on the North rivel' are all injur-
Congress from No-tth Carolina, has been elected have murdered every person on board the Ame- o e, d the ,. .i, ; and the fda e generally started from
Governor of the State of Alabama. rican schooner, It is proper to remark that these when once constitoed in office rn i... I :t- -
pirates are in general foreigners, but pIiincipally jcdionanddtIpendanceion ... c b.. Lu-Le LHerefollows a long list of wrecks and disas-
Those who feel an interest-and there are f'i., i-.,A..i'Ve Orleans. .An-i.,. them arenineiwhite of their out ority. ters, from which we select a few.]
we presume, who do not-in the struggle of the men, the rest. are people of colour, but there ae WVe kn 1, 1 '. ,* li l.'i. i i j 'yed and an The Steamboat dock at Market field street is
equality *,,i. .,:. -nc;e al distinctions be- destroyed. The lA'.., 11 is partly inundated, the
Gireeks, will find in to. day's paper some interest- only three or four Haytians among them." equ lit- i 3 i at in dat te
twcet elia ricn and tile 1'aCae levelled, in tl,e eartii washed away cs tFir as the first rbw of trees,
ing remarks on the modern character of that as choice of !i -.. the learned.and I. Ie .i, 'd, in and the lamps in front -,f the Flag-staff, together
people, from Pouqueville, a late traveller. One of the neatest notices of the late Eclipse the enjoyment of .l i .,.. .;., ,., suffrage, with iil,c uIne:,-,all carried away.
is the following, from the C'.,1 ,i ,... Courier : exert a ju-t po. it, .i ',i0' ..., 'iid we. do One of the two French ships of war at Qua-
A correspondent at Albany informs us that ", The Eclipse of the Sun took place yester- not need to be tol that the predilections of these rantine was driven from her anchorage to the
the Convention assembled there to amend the day, with great punctuality. As the moon's two .; ..'....*. *.'.- produce a variety of results in public store dock-whether she received any da-
state constitution, notwithstanding the excitement shadow gradually invaded ,it, the sun assumed a legislation, as well as in whatlvcr other depart- mage or not, we have nut learned. Some houses
under which the m bers wre elected, variety ol .,h i an., .:. .,. din to the fancy of ment they proimiscuously intelaerc. were uroded nd blown over in theupper part
under which themembers wereelected, are pro- tihe spectators. At one time it seemed a lumi- A want of 1., ,i .-.':, a.mog thp less enlight- of the city. One 1:1 Broadway, near the Lead
ceeding wish a degree of urbanity and harmony, nous heart-at another, a golden cup--a friend ended is not .e, .::l,. ii. i .;, e of wcakuetias Factory, was blowing down, and killed ten cows.
very auspicious to the important object before thought it resembled a horse shot ; while anothi- ia hi ii. tn -ii, ength in air ..: : .sse;rblies. One of the wings r -.. B.tlh Alley in Allen street,
them. ei, ....dIlt,.i to love and melancholy, compared it icr',i:-s.-si, .., ; neglect in lach as are seldom and Mr. Fice's Floor Cloth Factory, in liI. I,-
Sto a silver ring, broken in two. Thb. moralist excited -to ...i i.. in ; .. agents and inte- ton street, are blown down.
The Far trado.-lt is stated in the Buffalo, regarded the increasing spot, as emblematic of grity' .1 ;, a. i. -I -...... trust, as well as A number of trees were prostrated in the Park.
(N. Y.) Press of the 21st ult. that two schooner's te progress of sini-the philanthri'opist, of sor- the circutnventions of the speulating and design A nev lw I i! corner of Doveer arid Front street
had arrived therefom Detroit, during the pre- row. The sun's rays grew diin--and it seemed ing, whose sinister motives io ,.. thel(; to act, partly dem irlihedi; and the front of the store .A
chad ring ivek withere 600 packs of fursing valued at a if lhe moon had taken its place, and endea- all tend to coniiice us of t '"': i : of mis- W. Ek G. Post, in Water sr-ect, adjoiniig their
iboutn week, with 600 packs of furs, valueddollars at vored to supply them with a chapter spleldor.- placing the most precious .:' di .. L' ,, dwelling, was blown iu. ,i-. Dawiinig's house,
The shadows disappeared, and the glorious sun rience lhus long since taught us that these ars on the L'..-' .:., was blown down-the family oc-'
O, il'h- rih .fr the 5th Auigust, the new 'the- came forth again, 'r-...i'i.'. in his course-like consequences unavoidably incident to qn elective cupying the upper part mede their escape into
atre at Huntsville, (Al.) was' consumed by fire. virtue surviving calum.-iy, and the soul, triumph- government, and which we car never :1-..... i the yard but a mion:-. t before it fell.
TI,' aund was erected by Messrs. Sannoner ant over death: guard ourselves against. Yce it may be i:; A Mr. Taylor, in L,.ll..' street, was struck
and Wi=.hly,. and would soon have been reader ------ foreseen that cotild even theseefi'ects b, escaped, with lightning during the storm, and badly burnt.
fiO the reception of a theatrical corps. It was NotF.NOrFL scs.-p 3. and the wide i ...i :- equality,of:...' iii The brick bats, lil!, slates, lead, &c. from the
for hve been ppetion edof a the st il corpst. Th urn e sorry it is not yet in a "r power to an- he ,...oniC.ctcd wit; an uiisal and hoa;sc di.; tops of h.es, and limbs or trees, were flying in
nounce the termination of malignant cases. We charge of our elective i, i .--. in the selection every direction. A man was struck by a sign
ican, wathis doubuildg, (says thevork of some vie i- have heard of several more during the past of legislators, still there exiss a liability to mi- board in the Bowery, and had his arm broken.
cendiary. The doors ere fastened and no vile week, but none beyond the usual limits of the chief and abuse. .: ,i-'.t r, ,-'h.,. clothed The Bloonsiingdale Road, we understand, is al-
on was py. permitted to enter it after night-the disease, Itis to be observed, however, that il a with.power, d1o not a.l ..,. leel the ... I i' r' I must impassable by the falling of trees.
on waser carpentr visited to he building a igboutthe few cases the fever has been taken by persons of their station. They do not always consider
maisites before it wras discovered to be on fi residing in healthy parts of the town, who, have that on a single act may possibly y depend th na- GRAT STO AT PHLADELPHA.
vwhenall was safe." imprudently Exposed themselves to the atmos- tional strength and the security of the- state. If
plhere of the infected district; but in no instance not through ignorance or design, the dictates of PHILADELPHIA SEPT. 4.
MILLIGAN TAKEN. whatever has the fever been communic:tled by party, the force of prejudice, and the prccipi- After a succession of genial showers on Sun-
NEW YORK, SEPT, 4. contact with infected subjects,, although in mn,.y ttanccy of inugment, may shed their inevitable in- dav evenie g anid yveitrday morning, a storm of
By the steam boat from .\ib, ,, inforimSation is cases which have come within our knowledge, fluence, lead them beyond tile bounds prescribed, rain commenced about 1 o'clock, P. M. yester-
received thut Milligan, who robbed the Phoenix they have had ltle same attendance from friends and the constitution itself may be i.:.:,te..,. .,iH day, accompanied with a high wind, whichin-
Bank, was overtaken about 4.0 miles beyond ;'n- '-"' relatives as in ordinary complaints. sacrificed. ci-eased almost into a tornado during the after-
i'tal, 1. .Ir. Hays, the officer, who secured him Here, then, is a.case, the happening of a ca- noon. The wind was generally from N. to Ne
n Montreal jail. Most of the money he carried WHOPPiNG CiUGH. lanity, in which the seticuity of the citizen is en- E. during, its greatest fury, but varied occasion-
'ff was found upon him. Dr. Archer, an able and experienced physi- 'I.r ,,: I He looks for a defence, and demands ally to almost every ooint of the compass. Great
Scan, in addressing Dr. Mitcheil relative to the protection against a designing or mistaken poli- havoc has been madt e ot: the trees in every direc-
METEORIC REGISTER. cure of the whooping cough by vacciiiation, soys, cy; andd such is the distribution ol power, a.d tion we have heard from. Those in our public
-- have vaccinated six or eight patients that had such the independence of its respective branches, squares have mostly been s, i il ~Ie .-r'; their limbs,
WAismsCTON cITY, AUG. 1S21. the whooping cough, and in every case it has that his rights ere inviolate in the hands of the arti many in dii'erent parts of tie streets have
.M3ean Temperature. succeeded in curing this most distressing dis- Judiciary, Confidence in .this tribunal rests on 'been laid prostrate. At the Navv-vard, in South-

One Hundred Dollars Revward.
- ;,-- .A .. ir... i, the sub. cre'er., ;; ,,. 'riend.
ship, Anna Arundel County, 1on i '. :. morn-
ing last, the 10th inst. two negroes, orie a in the
name ofJ..MMES HILL, abort 25 years ot' age, I..i 10
or 11 inches il height, ofa darlk 'r ... *''.". |. :... ve-
ry humble when spoken to. but, ... ,. ;, -
and insolent. He hsi a scar on the .1 .
one on his upper lip, and another over one of his eyes,
occasioned by 'a boil. His .oiL .-.,.', wvin he left li e
neighborhood, wasa blue coat, dark pantaloons, a light
waistcoat, a!d'an old tur hat, the top of the cro, an som e-
what broke
The other a likely boy, about 15 or 16 years of age,
named DANIEL HILL, a brother to the above mention.
ed James, belonging to the estate of the late John Whit.
tingtou, about the same complexion. !..... 1-... .. r
marks. They wi-fi, no do-.bt, remain :...' .,
ciothing not recollected. They have two brot t ers be-
onging to NMr. John FPonparey, near Upper Mariboro'
Prince George's C.iinty.
The ab'o e reward willbe given ... .- ... .. ,..,,- Sad
securing sa.d negroes, so that I get t-iem gain, o '",0
foreither lf hein, with all reasonable cl r're u..
-1' .,lt home. IHENRY (I'll.,
N. A9 owners of vessels and others are lorewarned
from receiving, h'-,-iny, or carrying' off" Jaid i.groes at
their peril, as the, .. .' t. dealt with according to haw.
june 15-wtf
The Miary land Gazett- \- Fiwjp .*,, the Matyland
Pubhliction of do. the tF -.- i i i, r, sa Pi :ot of
B.altimore, and the papers at 'Itkon :i1d iEast-.u, are re-
que ttud to insert the above advertisemcn- t ti!l rroi'i-n,
a',l forward their accounts -. t- lice at 'sc.nd
ship, -Md. ain their claims il\ . rem-tled
H. U
TRUST1'.',1"S SA; ,E
:o Y virtue of a decree ot iu. t:,ui Vy curt of i'rine
A P George's, acting- as a Court r ', *'*, thi. s'bscri-
ber, tae rusted appointed, wil elcii .t:o i public l; til
Land directed to be soid by {iiciard Pc.. ii, of' ti-; jslne
county, dieceased, aIid to consist ',f )I'.i prttc,: i. .. ,ti.
hard's 'Forres:,s .pp u-,d to contain Si30:k acre.', whiwerion
he died ; aad, also, another tract, c'L d ticiard.irt
of Isaac's Discovery EB! a;g'ed, supposed to contain 4e5-
acres, about two miles dist:iw. if in ihe first metiodn.ed
tract. 'hii. land is about IS maiies troiin \Vashin.gton
ctv, and 26 from Baltimore, and is a d.iraoale piLce to
own. A ininu e description is not necess,.ry, as those
who may be inclined to purchase *Hiv nview .and judge
for themselves. The sa!e wil! iakc place ,n the first
mention-d tract on Wednesday Ihe 19tht of Sepieasber
next, between [he hour oft i2 and 4 o'ckick of that day.
Tihe terms of sale are, tlhat S30G0 0' ,11 paid on dlie
day of stle, or oi tihe ratifica ion thereot by the Court,
and the residuea irn I'2 months from t.i 'iy of sase, oi a
bond, with ,ecarity appro ved by the ir -t e, to e iven
for the same, with interest ftroni the idev oa de,
july 18 -S6w


Orcoquan Dotel arnd Stage those,
Idq i .resem ...ijed I, -' r. Z. ,>'i a on the
S. eait wo,.tien road, 1d ),lcs frow. Alexan'.lria
i. amiel. Dung the wiXLt r,t Os.ai.ea
e breaKfiat and dine there. 't'is stan-i i, ,v, kni ,in
o re !irc fiirther ,'rseriptioo. 'i'.e hous.-. 'taleAs, kc
re in con'piete order. Poses iun to be giicnI 1st Jan-
sy next.
Nine miles iron- iOc., ioan and ;'romi Dummfries. Also
on the stage ;iim. and iss-, my- w'-,ader'lil ai an',is.
Ihe subs"ri;e;' iti be at' 'eaibsc i thie 8h1 October to
rent tbs alove snl.ds; or ap-ply by letetr to
ang 10--wif JOHN TAYLOL


SVAorifolk, ,'Sept. 4.
Amongst the rest of our misfortunes, we are
grieved to state,-chat our town was on yesterday
visited by -a stoim, or rather tornado, far surpass-
ing in violence and calamitous consequences, any
f that it has ever experienced within thee reem-
brance of the oldest inhabitants. Tiea best de-
scription we are prepared to give of it at this mo-
sment can convey but an imperfect conceptionof
its terrors.
The morning was dark and gloomy, and about
6 o'clock toe black and lowering clouds began
to d;...i.,-' :-e their watery c.i.ic.rt,, not in gentle
l,> .,1., but literally it) torrents,. At ten o'clock
the rain abated for.a few minutes, as if to collect
itself for a more copious discharge ; for it pre-
seItly set in again with increased violence, and
the wvird commenced blowing a heavy gale from
tte N. E. -hich c -..,; ,-. to. increase to a most
,, ..i height. From half past I I tillhu,'past' '
12, -' it ., the tfury i lh ', ,' *, .. that
they siey Seemed to threaten a general demrtli-
tion everyy thiing within lth ir reach. Dor:ing
l.. :.-i ,- : i the scene was truiv' a., iul. Ti;ed( ff-
enminy roar ,.f the storms Vwiti tl-.' it ri' etsh-
ing o h windows arnd ) i *' of < ,I. -. a ra-
pid rise of the tide, thieat e; ig to i. udit the
tow.-the continuous cat aacts -.f ,.in so.iee..mg
imopetaously along, k.. ;,,; ie tex:Canse f i- .
sion, and apparently confounding (he ie .s
earth, and sea,' in a ,- ., chaos; .- .:..i with
now .and then a glimpse, caught through ithe
gloom, of shipping, forced fioso their :,u..,' 1, ,.,
arid driving with I ,;.,;t, as tlie mind mig-,t t -II
conjecture in such ci. .:-r i ..:... ., inevitable
destruction, Even to those, if any iterec ware,
who could contemplate such a scene un-.;paetld,
it must have beenl 1*tifu l to :' t_.L on the i .]u
spread devastation which could not but be tho
result of this fearful I wair of elemelents', ..,.t
12 o'clock the wind shifted round.to N. \ E i.t
Si-hut abating its fury t.,i;l h.if an 'hour afier,
when it ceased raining ; the storm began to sub-
side, and' the water to recede. At 4 o'clock it
changed to S. W. and the weather became calm
and serene.
The most important of the casualties result-
ing from this awful, visitation is the corlpicte
annihilation o.f the Drawbridge over the E.st-
ern Branch, from the toll-houseo to the ,.,.
ta distance, we should judge, of about 250 yardsL
and about 100feetof the :Arit. a o:.1 11 s) .,-
.;i i Uranch.
'bue destruction :of these bridges, inrJii.nil.
ent of the heavy loss it occasions to the .Co.-
pany who owns them, is a sore misfortune to to'r
town, as it completely cuts ofl, tfor the present at
least, the land communication, and must nmeanr-
ably diminish the intercourse with that part Lof
the country whence our market i..,i, its chief
supplies. .
As might have becn expected en an occasT-on
like this, where the sud denness of the '11., -r
gave no time for preparations to meet it, the snip-
ping have suffered severely.

59 00



16th day.
10th day.


Adults 21
Children 30

wltiil,,,,ii~r,~P'i`~ldl~t sj1821.


._ _~. _,. __ _~___-- ~Ilf---_ _.._ ___ __.. _~ ---





We had intended to follow this wri er through
all his wanderings, but, having neither the court
.age of Columbus nor of Mr. Raymonid, we dar
not conurue a voyage without being able even t
gguess where we may-land ; and such must b
the fate of all who would pur-ase this eccentric
will o' the wisp.. There i' no telling in wbh
shape, or where, he will next appear. At on
moment we behold him the defender ol state
rights, at the next the champion of federal pov
ers ; now a friend to the administration, then
declared enemy; by. turns an advocate for "a
excise on the manufacture protect-d"- (see a cer
tain speech) and an enemy to internal excise,(:ss
plain talk,) an eloquent eulogist of the warlike
despotic policy of Napoleon, and a staunch de
mocrat; in s-.orit, be seems like some wanderin
planet lately whirled from its orbit.
But. before we abandon the chase, we mus
notice his Vst discovery. We owe a great de:
of nm.oncy, and hail better pay it. It needs n
ghost come from the grave to tell us that,"
Tired of lamenting over our fallen prosperity:
and fhi,,.i..; us y .Ji,.,;i recovering from our en
barrassnments, without the aid of- legislative re
triLti .ns, as a last melancholy eilort to afflict h
countrymen, he turns his averted eyes toward
the government, and grieves to think what a de
we owe!
l, e Will not diller with our sad friend aboi
pubhiic cebta. Vve eal know they are evils, to I
avoided it possible. So tong, however, as wi a
are the -.'. .,ii .. of mankind, there iust be pe
2io(is in the history if every cihiizcd nation
whirn it may be n..-t only conveniii.n, but absolut
ly necessary, to bor; ow. In such etmerienuci
d.'p tic power wi;l supply its wants by torcib
aon. heavy exactions-by plunder and contisbc
tion. On the other hand, a just government wl
rely on the voluit:riy luan1 s c.f its citizens, to I
liq, ;iated by gradual and gentle draltt upon th.
natioi!,after ii har recovered front the shocks an
attal vicissitudes iof war
PtdAic debts .never become a curse until, th
hope i-i ,aym1t ti... :-g xtiiiuih ., a system
arfcidil finance is :.iaidlcd il-.a tHI naltin, at
nnaiiy i- ~_. -'1. it. r l I ern and taxes
A V... 11 we are it) the condition of tile poor peop
of L E .....i, adi owe fot ty uimes the :inioui ,t
our .... I'n. I. II we shall inde, d need the syu)
patlty of Mr. Ni,s'is correspondent.
WVe do not mean to ridicule the apprehension
of this gentle:: an; en the otwx.r hand, we ic
some 'st.icitu'de for his peace of mnino, ani thiei
fore reccmniend to hrm, in lwi.i leisure. hours, ,
inspi.ctiun of tie ireasiliy Pi)eportt, rin thile o
ganizatior', of ti i vern t ent to ie sent tim
If he will cartiull', examine even those present
ed since the termina-.ion of our late \iar,, he wi
find that we have paid more than sixty-five mi
lions of pubdii debt, of every description, wit.hd
the wiYlort term ot fte yeCrs., WVihn, ltheror-
he Iolowi up his attack on the lprese.t ..arninii
wtitin, we hope he will indulge us by dli, ci.
our attention to that porti.oni of out history
wlich lie finds an equal amount pai din li
period of tu;ie. tie will ti;du, on hl king back
thr,t it was near 20 yeais ailer 17)9, betrx w
con ienci' 1d d,. i our 75 Ililoiii debt ; thl
in 18p7, ou:l deb was stijl aoout 75 uiiliti ns ; ai
ti-. i,.ni i"89 ti d181't, it was onty--reuc d 3
WvhNi Mr. Nil:s's correspondent ag ain refer
to bly'yowitgi in time of peace, we must dppieal I
hi- protund s:Ag t.ciy to point .ut to uL the evil
boi ,;win a ... aI jive per cent. (wiih the ad
vanr o a p,'rerui. lt. ..xtuniguish other loan
,.,;,,. vinci we were ebligeu to pay six pe

W:eii he renews his attack, we beg that h
will h id-. each adi.iunis atio.. accouiintabl tfor it
own acs oily. If n.e is disiiat.isfied with the glo
rics of, r iate war, anld hinks he has reason t
conii i.o the large .u..ilc debt it occasioied
let hin si rl his tiunders aralist our late Pilts
dcit ; ifr I wtvod be a singular sort of justice t
charge the present administration with the ex
f-. :ih i -- a;'ising outof a war terninaited.hefuI
it a.isu.n. tihe i.elm of gov'rniIntl. But w
b people whlii&; we say, there is ISo reason to regr'
ot r late xw I, nor anIy just cause to complain c
the prese;.t r past adnianiptration.
IfMr. Niles's c,:rresp;ndent utpposes our re
,venue. ib ". no iluc tlitioiaS, he mu.,t permit u
to doubt his ability as 'a bna,.cier. No matte
what systecn of reveoue any be adopted, it mus
.inevitably rise and t'i ll w:th" the trade 1i the na
tion. When a people, hatuig been stihttulated b
the ierge profits arising from a sudden transition
front war to peace, are t enq-ptcd to speculal
wildly, they iis-ur heavy debts and borrow extra
vuti.aily.; eacti man's susi;icion of his neighbor'
solvency is excited; confidence is suddeniy de
st. 0) ed, and then the dcb:s of the i eopie camii.,
be paid. The effect vwi. be the same, ivhelhe
the cause be o.e afectitg other nations also, o
merely local ir lt ioieration.
Such a co, t.o,-f pivate credit mustinevi
tall) iffect ever system of revenue, whether in
teria! or extertmi. ; ftr it must be attended witl
a di.i,.iisnedemandi f,i those articles of con
sin. *,.iid Upon which extcruali duties or internal
ex.. : nay have been inipoaed.
le .u:ih war, one ci attcih seasons as we havi
des-cribed, govei'tnient would d make ino caicui.a
tiots on its abttily to redu- .e i., lebta ; but it maw
safly do s: Itii.n, w'h pj ,ivt, credit, indiustryi
re ives, and articles ol consumption circulate
r poy.
T"f e, tire life ofali ii.u-.u y, is evidently revi
vii' ;, N,.rth and L.:.. i'lds d sired change
na'. ., n.i_, meyices ul)i.nt seculatlioi has been
hi, 0, i' prpportion t, die aiiiount ofeconvert-
ibi i.,i, anu where the people have partial)
av,', the losses experienced y oU.,r wesieit
breii en ; because they hah long since sevei elI
feilit li.h evils ii.w ing fro an abuse ot credit and
h ..i,, t ont ftorner *.. ii ..,-. become wibe andt
p, odent. The i, .fl. .ic:. oft a restoration of ci cdii
ao t \ a revival oi ;!':'e, is gradually spl)reiutin
S,'t;h and Wcesi, e.ai to tilO states bordering on
too iideriess -
\V iti this ..0t ual re-aiction our Treasury re-

ceipts t:.aI>t in.ie:ase, the gloomy tlotbodings ou
Mr Ni-es -orr.;sp(ondeiti novi haitanhding. WV hat-
ever mI y t he colMplex!ntl of 9our next Annual
RCeport, we slh .li be nichi deceived ifit do not
Cxhy.i;bai cd clusive t:viidioe ol an imnpruvemrent
i 2. 1-22. -'..ial, opiiionson such subjects were
not presunmptuous, we would venture to predict a

gradual'increase of revenue for some years to To TrBE SDITORS. VIEWS OF OUR POLITICAL SYSTEM. them from our service, in the sarre manner that,
come, without making any calculations on the Gentlemen : I obsetrv a communication in -- for similar reasons, we shall c tail.ly discard you.
consequences of the war which seems to be gath- your paper signed Trtth," in which the wri- Extracted from .the Essays of a writer in the': But, as long as wIt continue tihip, in office, and
ering around the CrTscent,ard attracting the two ter endeavors to shew hat the "--secret inn- Georgia .idirsi.'i. approve their ecrduct, their acts are ours, and
mighty masters of Europe. ence" by which the Britih government and na- I have already adverted, incidchtally, to the;any attenipt on your part to iesist them, is an at-
If, nevertheless, we are destined to witness tion is prompted- ii r .Foit i against the Slave fact that 'the l e- Ia l and site governments are temp, to resist the r,-)t'-r liat cia cred you." In
h such a wonder as a revival in trade without a Trade, is their commercial and colonial interests, organized .upon precisely the same principles. this brief reply, 1 iiituk e%.c l Aenm -i nar, who re-
corresponding-increase of revenue, aand it should The only eviicince of this, -produced by the 'The general government is as trily the govern gaids 'the in.'-ii ri; Ii hiii.-,i ..-f the Union as
Become necessary to make o'ler provisions, writer,as developing tle whole secret," is ani ment of the '.1.-- ;.- ie, as a state government ncer':.-y to the enjnoym.-ert ol pr -rtical freedom,
o whatever may be done, it is not probable that the extract from Blackwool's Edinburgh .-1aaIzinc is of part of the per, .l-. Its constitution, in tie uic l i : .il,) ..li l.r lii c'.r.t- r. .r ite cas-umpi-
e plan heretofore picoplind by this able financier In the first place, I to not think it quite cor- 'latjijL;e uf its p'mire ,h e, was ordained and esta ior. I t ehe .tae authto ics 1 ill appear still more
c will be adopted by Co. ,rc..s ; nor is it to be ex- rect to charge a government wLh being actuated blished by "- the people of the United States." .li- a r.,d ',i. ,arraiatb.e., v. Iher, % e iclitt that
t pected that the c.-ni,ud a:e on minif,'-ctures will solely by the most *r'.'\ vies of self-interest,in 'The o niost numerous branch" of the National whatever is assumed as a state right," pertains
e be again i.eimittrd t t.iniper vi'. out rxenue the prosecution of anc bjectof elevated henevo.- Legislature, the House. of -Representatives, is equ-lly to every state in the Union, separately
e under i\ li'e.text. 11 ou, chlii lf,.bj>: ,- t, 1, pay lence, and whose rii.-lo,.:\ is to protect the op- elected in the same way, and by precisely the and individually. For example, a question arises
our -debts, it cannot be soufid policy to throw im- pressed, and to proimote the principles of hu-l sai.e persons, that elect the t,'espor'ri. between the general government and the'govern-
a pediments in the wayi f importations, and dimin- manity and liberty without very full and clear branches of the state legislatures. At the end of. nent of a particular state, as to the extent of heir
n ish our receipts from that source. evidence, certainly greater than is here exhibited. every two years these national representatives de- respective pow ers. Take a case th-.t has already
r" But Ih--. g..enieman also informs us, that sixty- We should not, I :p..pidrrd, any of is, for our- pend upon the people,for their re-election. The!occurred. The national legislature chatter a
ee fie n ittli.,, b c.-oie due in 1825 and the three selves or our country, uke to be judged upon the other branch of the national legislature, the sen-' bank to answer certain great national purposes.
e" succeeding years.; Does he, therefore, presume principles ofthe movementioned writer. I think ate, is chosen by the state legislatures, because 'I-le national judiciary decide that the act creat-
e" that it would be wise or just to raise the whole of it has been general laid down, by the wisest and the people of the United States' d It..alt'l th-. ing the. corporation is .constitutional and valid.
g this amount in seven years by an abrupt increase best writers, as thi most proper m-de of judging power to them, and not by virtue of any inherent The authorities of a state decide that the act of
of taxati.in ? Does hlie expect the people of the ofactions,togivetcthem favorable interpretation, right which they possessed as states--for,the mo- incorporation is unconstitutionalynd void, and at-
st United States to pay off one hundred and thirty if yu can, and especially, when ihe act is good ment the people met in convention, all theele- tempt,.by a legislative act, to destroy the bank.
al millions of public de.bt in thirteen years, besides alwvays.to lp -unie i,.i motive good. ments of political power returned to them. to re- Here you see ihe government of a single state
o interest and our annual appropriations ? If such 2dly. The abolition of the slave trade was ori- ceive anew modification and distribution, by their rising up against t-t. '. i.rin't o' all the states
be his plan he will probably triumph once more finally opposed br all the colonial and a I r.re sovereign will. .i'. lio end of six years the se- and attemptiing to i.. -.1 it ...i r t iiet. Now,
y, in a glorious minority of five. !" .,.ii,, t'.f tlic cn .inercial interest and itifl'inc nators cease to be such, -n. depend for their' re- let me ask, which of 'I.e p1,;,ties to this. con-
W We shall no doubt embrace every, occasion to in I'n;l.iiiu,-ai.l ,iec measure was not carried fill appointment upon tie pci -Ir that created them. test is 'i nI i.. worthy ul the confidence of the
reduce :it, but justice aid souyd policy should after a warm contest of near 20 .years. In this The President of:the United States is elected fir l ',p ple I I'tiii -i Si it--.-h "general ,' i',i-
Jis prevent us from thus unwisely -and suddenly in- c .nt :1, Ir'. WiiIertorce and his friends had to, the jt ,ni of four years by a college of electors, to ItnIi, which is created by them all, and respon-
Screasing out taxes. "oppose a party f ir,;.' i. for their number, their tbt ai, united o rin s'.Ii irini I" as the state legis- ble to thenm a, or ic. t: i i titn., cre-
t W ,e have paid off a large portii.n our debt wealth, their .,i-, .. her. political hinflieirc; 1 iun, --.hi l it-p ctiveiy direct. It appears then, ated by, and r ..". .le t ii' t e| one
during the last five years, aidl u: -;.il probably anid .- _ii tlie.opinions of many distinguished that ti.c p.,'? "in ord '.o form a more per- tntieth or ,i( H p t (Ef their number? If
lt reduce it further in the next seven years ; but men, who -upp '- l it would ruin their colonies fect union, establish justice, insure domestic we Cit ioic t lt.it rhi rulers o our choice
'e surely Mr. Nites' correspondent can".ot expect and gre.,tl iijjuti di'-ir commerce. Their op- tranquillity, provide for the common defence, than. those w' ... .o ie, rulersof our choice,
Sus of the pr esent generation to charge ourselves ponents hadtto make corresponding efforts and promote the general welfare, and secure the the question is answered. Fcr, to the citizens of
e. with the payment both of the debt incurred by incur great expense, without having any peunt- blessings of liberty to themselves and their pos- all the other states, excei;t th on:r which I have
,' out ancestors'and that occasioned by. our late ary interest a st>Ke,-and from which they, as in- terity," created the whole mass of political supposed tobe e. ed in the contest, the go-
xe war; together amounting to more than two hun- dividuals, c6nod reap no benefit bmt the approba- powers that constitute the general government, verniitent.of the contesting state is perfectlylien,
e dred millions. "tion of their crcsciences, and the satit.'ction of reserving to themselves, by the elective franchise, as much so as the Britis' parliament 'terue
Each generation should bear its equitable pro- having dl-ne their duty in. good cause. the immediate control over the most numerous ca nno t be a grea-r .p .iticaIl ab,utudity tia. to
a- portion of the public burden; and notUid;g could It is to be remarked, too, that his struggle was and efficient branch of the national legislature, suppose ou' ;i:.'tt'lies are i r re.,r dangi- fr-.m
il be more unjust than to expect that this generation entirely confined to he British Empire ; it was a and an indirect control over the whole massol th. se fuctionaries whi.i we "l--ct and control,
be should charge itself (unless it was convenient to local contest, \aving no reference to foreign delegated powers. What' security then did (an tr. tho ::e wht. c, do not. elect adrl con-
td do so) with the whole expense of millions ap- powe'.s, and, a a time when Great Britain the convention, or, in other words, "the peoploof trl. l hve ail:a.iy i.t hd the erroneous
proprialtd idn improving, an'd in providing the 'was mistress o" the ocean, and tile flag:, of the United States," provide, to restrain their proposition, that the t, .-, such, have certain
means of dei ii.'in,., the nation, for the use ,t pos: France, Spain, fortugal, and the Netherlands, funhctionaiies from usurping powers not delege. original, inherent : .t.-, ,lay in ambusi at he
ie teriy. loatca but by hlr permission ;. and when she ted, and from abusing those with which tl.iv are o;sttom of all the reasoning in ai.or .f state
Our ancestors bequeathed to us a magnificent could, therefore,by the superiority of her ima- really invested? li a_ it by the discordant tigitsl ; a;id I ',ill '.. d d.d lnhi,,h.r proposition,
inheritance, which, i-avil.g ;,-.'..'.ly cherished, rine, supply herown colonies and prevent the clamors and lawless resistance of the state raers equ 'y .,n. .i,, hi h i o_. t,. ',,- i,'. i .' in
we hope to ti .ii.nit to the next generation, not stupplit 1..f,.1'i.,. If die firie ds of the abolition that itcv intended to -*insurte domestic trantquiiij- the .1 ,,rn-,iii, .h ii...,. h >i ,,l .,., ptu v u i "in-
l only u:,impaired, but imp-roved ad augmented. of lth- I:i1 c 1 i led, in England, have been adtu- ty, and form a more perfect union ?" Was it by 1"g us to beware ot the cIi ',.,;t i,,'i eIr nentt, .,Id
SWe shall do justice to ourselves tind to ou. pos- atcd by the low,mean, selfish, ,and sordid mo- the officious and super-setviceable, interference Iy.to the state gove-.ini. l 'i rO' e c ge.
terity by ixC. ciIt 'Lf a wise economy, and : y mo- tives, attributed .o them' by your correspondent, of their if r v, aia- .It.,, app.'.inted fr nio other Their i'easonings u.,sium thti.i the general go-
deratiitg tHe emI. ilI taxation; and if, notwithstand- their conduct in ill the sacrifice es they have made purposes than those indicated by the state con- vernitcnt is alien to the people who originally
n ing, we should leave a portion f our debt ui.paid, is as weak as it s wicked. They have labored stitutions, that they intended to 4 insure a salt created it, and whose lt iir ci.r egi:. c i.-n Ily
ei we shai leave with it out' public works, our civil with tile most mcxampled ner severance, and ry control over their su:erior .in ?' No; the sustain it. Now. thie t.1, ,I .. I.;, I.t..e ....icI iI
ie- stitutions, a proud name, and the best go emrn- made great sac. ilc.s,, and endured obloquy and co.stiLutiun will tell you what is the real security government, .', iet, .il th ir .-,.'I".iL and spilenlid
in mention earth. reproach, lor tlt nrere purpose of c ., in, a they have provided. It is the responsibility of project., at .hi.l -h11 u.:-.h A. r, i. fi'edl can,
T. Thi ,il-., ,f XNatural Rights, measure. that the' might afterwards epcountmer the officers of the general government, nrut to the !n a moimcnt as it were, be hurled from their
e- -.s .- c the same reproal ::in guIarding their opponents state autihori'.ies but to themselves, the people stations, in a peaceable, constitutional rnode, and
PROM A NEWYORK fro its effects. Il.al this alone, is the great conservative prico by the very pe -ple whose libertes are supposed
l- 3dly. The writer, I think, is mistaken, in sup- ciple w'ciichlini atthe foundationofallourpolitical unsafe in their custody. To assert that the ge-
m The subject matter of t Another New Plan" posing that the Bitish West Indies are at this institute ns,and sustains thegreat& lorious f:b'ic eral gvernmeiti will prostrate the liberties of
F from thi Enquirer, is i. deed"" worthy of great time "well stock" with slaves, in .comparing of .Our liberty. This great truth ought to be kept tne people, is tu assert tha.tour republican expe-
s. consideration.' But tile plan itself is rendered them u ith the neighboring islands. F'r it re- in constant .aid lively" remnemb'ance- by every rment will fail, and that our constitution is found-
S l, h.ii; ;iugatory) from the distant period propos- quires' ali thie eitffr'ts of the "hilaeith'ropic Mr. Aet'ican, It as the very life an! soul of repub- ed upo false principles. In other words, that
Seld 'or the final cetsation of si very. It is beyond Wilberiorce" and his frten::s, in and out of Par- lican freedom, and no stutestan is worthy to ini- thile people are not capable of g., cntirig IItnIm-
aq1 question that the poiunbiitio to the importa- linimem, to present the smuggling of slaves into ister at,her sacred altars, who does not distinctly .selves. For my own part, I can corccnciiiu.u-ly
k, tion uf slaves into ihe teriCitries of the United lil 1 Bra:sh Weit India Isla.ids, from the French, perceive, and deeply teel it. The state govern- say, (and I stand upon ,in,tt.,in .ul g' ,.r.d
0 Sta:es will prove '..,i.) ,dvaait:igeousa to the Spanish, aiad )titch Islanis-and ever since ine;ts tuo, are the absolute creatures of the peo- when I say so.) that I ht'ite, as a citizen of the
t, save-holder in Virgiiia, &.c. i he cuhltpre of ile passage of the law prohibiting the Slave ple, and have no political powers not delegated U, i.,r,,.rccir y ...- 'iiclh Cenfidence in the gese-
i' s:lgar oalaiticularly is so very profitable that very I rade, the) have been making tLe most strenu- to thewn by their respective constitutions,ar.d con.- al ,o ci ii. u .t.I I hie litn Ot- ..i..i ...... ,-,
3u high price, s can b. all'. rtied to be gti 'n for slaves ?uts efforts to pl evelt the introduction o slaves sistent with the constitution of the United States.. my own state, a"i; intuitIely i.t m than I can or
by the suuart plariite anp. if he is catr'icted from into evey p''rt ol the B1i'isti dominions, Witralt The states, as political bodies,i have n,, original, ought to have in the g, ,etnients of the other
r ithe importation of thltm from Africa,'he must of their cilorts, they have not been able to succeed inherent rights. That they have such rights is a states. I think too highly of the people of the
to n ace'sity resort t. th: siava-hoiuderOs in Vji.,iniia, to the xtenit of their wishes ; and the mnetmbers falst-, dangerous, and anti-republican astunr.ption, United States, to suppose that they will tolerate
,t kec. This .etinand must, ft.o01 tihe natie of of the Airican instiLutio, composed of many of which lurks at the bottom i f all the re:sou'ings in any encroachments of the national govertimnct,
d; thigs,'-continue for a long ume '.o come. and will the mtst distinguished men in the kilngdomi, are favor of state rights. The tie of responsibility is that shall endanger their liberty. As to those
, hiv'e ao poverfiul a tendency to enhance the 'trice cnow pressing parliainelt tot-r more eiifectual and as necessary t, bind the state rulers to their ap- imaginary rights, that are by some supposed to
er as to rendcr the Obreedigs of slaves in V'ugoia, energy tic laws to pCevenit the introduction of propriate sphere of duty, as it is to bind, in like exist in the states, in contradistinction to the peo-
kc. very lucrative. From the ouciation oflthes a staves into their WVest India Islands. One of the manner, thle officers of thle-general government. ple of the states, I neither understand hnor regard
e causes, it is highly probable that, long heltore "!ce most important of these was, to have all the slaves What then is the true question so much agitated, them. They are mere sounds, used by misguid-
ts expihaiton of he period imentior ctd by the ,'" in the islands registeircd, with such a description under the imposinhi names of" state rights," and ed o- designing men, for the advancement of their
.- author of A.'ter Ne Pin," te black po- f their persons, residence, and owners, as to consolidated empire,", and. who are the real par- popularity in particular sections of the. Union.
o pdaticn of Vi.g'inia, hc would becu.]e n... i. ')'ake the introduction ofneriv ies of easy .dtec- ties tq the issue involved in it? I answer, emniha- Whiie the rights and liberties of the people are
d, pled. And what would then h..e the situation oh ti. tiiin measure was introduced into parlia- ticallv, the true question is, whether the general safe. (and they must be- while they are true to
- the states so cireun.staiced ? Would they not be itnelt b' time 1fends t Africa three ot four yeas govern nt shall be controlled by the peop e of themselves,) all the ends of government are ac-
t destined to t >. ,., in a very short tine, ul( aid, bti was then stlipented upon an assurance the states, or the.rulers of the states; and the complished. Thus have I endeavored to shew,
Sa.l. /ldilegeneralgovmnmen
the horrors and Jfate of St. Dominxo?" Some bc'.sg given that registration laws should be parties litigant are the people of all the states, and fromn the organization of the general government
Sxcnmedy, then, more-expeditiouts, as ivel! as more passed in tle Illan'ds uy the local legislature. It the rulers cf ,particular states. Upon the issue, a;d its m ispon-il_,,h to the people, it is as safe a
e t' I.tcual in ins operation, becomes absolutely i' 'loi dioaovcr'd, by the persevering zeal and thus i resented, one v.. ild imagine the'e could depository of the rights of all the people, as'the
Necessary. vigilance of Mr. \\ iuberforce and ins coad- be little diversity of opinion amongst htilln.-., state governments are. of the rights of part of
,t U t..-, i ol-; this important subject ini fny jut ,rm inthis cause, that, these lochl regis- and considerate men, as to tho e verdict that ought them. But, as strong prejudices and apprehen-
,f rini!, an expi.ient hasprcesenited itseil, .whiui.h, ot ait n laws are not sufficiently ehiiicnt all( to be pronounced.. V'h ,t are the arguments ne- sins do exist in some of the states on this sub-
in my apprehension, would prove effectuai n, ergentc to answer the ena proposed, and cessariiy implied in the assumption, (I hope ne- ject, I will endeavor to trace these prejudices to
- exter.:inatinig slavery from all except the status, th ty an'. now ag-in 'irgmg tile Parliament to ver to see the day when I 'sh.ll have to say usur. their .origin, I think they are to be ascribed to
s where sugar will form the principal crop. pa s such las as will meet tile evil. I think patron,) of the state authorities ? They say in two causes : large states, and men whose ambition
r ly plan is asfIllows : it( 11c, iaa Iiiesily appears that Mr. xVvilberforce, effect to the people, (the very people, too, by a exceeds their talents. All history proves that in,
t That Congi ess pas an act prohibiting, after a aCl th'oa enagei with ia I i suppressing the portion o f.whom they are created,) you have a mere confederacy of states, the largest and most
- givmn tlintl, say 10 ')r 20 years, the exportation bl.ve t raue, iuvCeio been prompted'" by the ictt sutffi.ient virtue, intelligence, and vigilance, powerful member will ultimately attain such an
y of slaves front one state into another; or, if deent- secret c mlutiteice" aind selnsh motives attributed to control and restrain yoir agents of the gener- ascendancy as to govern the whole. It is equal-
't ed mtore decidedly with, the orbit ot the owes. toh by your co-jespo Ani", at any al govcrnnient. They are making most alarming ly clear, that, in proportion as the confederacy
e vested in, the. general government, prohlibiting rat, it their motives are selhsh, it is not directed strides in the usurpation, not, to be sure, of your approaches to the form of one common national
. simply the impoMiati >n of slau es into any state or mit tte channel asc:ibcd to temni; for it is against rights, but of ours; and yet you are so blind as i government, the ascendancy of the larger mem-
s territty froni any ,ieher state or quarter what- he influence and supposed interest of tlhe WVst nt to perceive, or so torpid as not to regard it. Ibes will be diminished. At thetimeour present
evtr. I should presume that such a ,n ac o Con- iiha pianterC' ta they havIe been struggling for t For these weighty reasons, us thereunto moving, i constitution was adopted, Virginia was,in all that
Stress might oe made to take effect within even abuve lltimty yeals. I think it equally clear .that we, thle rulers of-certain states, by virtue of cer-1 constitutes political power, decidedly the largest
She s.ort period of ten-'years, without .operating such ipers.vering efforts against law, justice, lai original inherent powers, in us existing, do state in the Union. Accordingly, in that state
r in the least minjuriously to any of the present slave mnd humanity, would hardly oc made to supply a adjudge and dotermtine, thit you, the people, by the most violent and persevering opposition was
holding states. Should the laws against all to-,' well s"ocked" nul ket. W ,cay as soon ex- reason of a certain apathy and totrpor,' that made to the present constitution of the general
reign inmiportations of slaves be rigidtly entritced, hpect to see divers clhatge their" courses andi run rages' with *violence' in defiance ofall our usu- government, and since we have become a united
- the demand created by the sugar planters wo uidi to lthen fountains as to see the cupidity of ntan al remedies,' are incapable h probably more than sustain the'-present prices. :ngagecd n1 such persevering eiorts in supityi- and we do, therefore, out of lI-e, uc ..lto' for your loIudly clamorous about state rights, and have
.- The hoder, then, of slaves in Virginia, &c coum a "well socke'' market from an exhausted weakness and incompetency, and trom thIe con- given the tone to particular factions in a her
l iot incur ariy actual loss fromn the ope&crion ol o"e l sc.iousness of our own infallibility, resume to our- states, on the subject. The other cause which I
such an act But be its operation what it may, 4ihly. I think I shall be enabled to shew that selves the supervision and control of the general have assigned for the prevalence of thIe false doc-
She co.uid hive no jus cause for complaint. It he youi cirrespondent is equally mistaken, in the government, which we find you unworthy to ex-: tries I am conside,'ng, is in some measure con-
Sshould be abte to nmale more from the lubor of a colonitf which hIe Ias given, in what he calls the ercise.' To this modest address, from their thigh nectiec witl the causes just mentioned. Amnbi-
y slave than from selling him, even at an ad.vnced 'abhs heaped' upon France, Spain, Portugal, the mightinesses,' the state autthormtes, I beg leave, tious men of inferior talents, finding they have no
Price, he would remain perfectly at liberty to Netherlands, and tie Umated States. That both as one of tlie people to make the following re- hope to be distinguished in the councils of the
e keep htim. Butt the probability is, that, should Great lBritain and the United States have cause ply, in the name and in behalf of ;li my fellow ci- national government, naturally wish to increase
such an act pas, there would not, at the expirp- ufomplaintt against the above mentionecll powers, tizens : We beg leave to inform your mighti- the power and consequence of the state govern-
.ion of the time limited therein, be a ti gle slave andl are authorized by tile principles of justice nesses,' that we still think ourselves capable of ments, the theatres in which they expect to ac-
Sleft in M.arylanmd or Virginia. and hum-nnty, atd by xtue law of nations, to call attending to our own business, and would respect- quire distinction. It is not, therefore, a regard
SENEX. up un tihem to f'ulfil their promises and to perform fully suggest that you might find sufflicient em- for the rights. of the people, and a real apprehen-
their engagementts. pl .yment in attending to the affairs we have c. m- sion that those rights are in danger, that have
S\AbHi-NGlTON CATHOLIC SEMINAIRY. J____ _____ USTICE. emitted to your charge, without interfering with caused so much to be said on the subject of
t lIE conductin-ors of this Institution respectthlly infiir'm -tiA- i -,iAN ----- those matters whiehl we have confided to other prostrate state sovereignties and consolidated
Sth ic, that the intend to open a Scheol on N a...i'ion t the very valua oerty wic agents. In ourselves exists the exclusive right empire. It is the amtbitmon of that class of politi-
the us' fstpdeoe mepylco eo t vewtihhd o asia some tee ago, avd waici still hoc pervising andt controlling the conduct of all clans, who.expect to figure only. in the state
an ecseh and C its i calducatioe. Txhle dwi u intclase bo sale, i ill ctipose of our' agents, and for the better ordering of your fu- councils, and of those states who are too proud
i wil '. suprintended by appropriate teachers. "'' *J' .* to tirty Sires, ture deportment, be it known to you, that we shall to acknowledge any superior. An ambition and
luurii f aitendce In iiuimer easn fro to o ood asters, te aves not to be rnoved from the watch over your actions, with precisely the same a pride, of the most alarming and 'dangerous ten.
1m 'ett A. M.t dn itm to t12 hi tue altei, aud ti f Mayrad raiit a of Coltoiat ad e vigilance that we do the actions of our agents of dency, which, if not discountenanced by mode-
ehoruc as apply fo Giekand t iin or to the other L otsia te "l b lctreaadvuis erse, in chins ei, pu,", the general! goovernm ent. As the business caim- rate and reflecting men, may, at some future day,
, blranli-leSl it Cla.,sical course, or im the stu.v ,f m hi chili iiaes, o0 any.part oh LeMoutiery lad hete- ed to these r agents is o greater im- dissolve our happy union, and sweep away, in a

SFrichi p language, the terms are .50 pr annui, paya. 'cle oilered for sale, are aain referred to William portance, and of a wider range thin that coam- tide of civil blood, all that constitutes the happi-
bie quaric.ly in advance, I .,. for suci as couline Gcttimg,', itly mialag'er-; anid with respect to the aoiler mitted to you, we of course select the tnost in- ness of individuals or the glory of a nation.
I themselves to an llElg'Iii- L ... UUty(, c(ti City loti and iaul upo time t'iiie road telligeut and virtuous men to perform it.- I will.now proceed to sIhew, ii a few wirds, that
s t i adini, torc the atsG iot allow the conductors b,.ellc te city aid Iiadeasbt.g) to tit s'ubscribcr- our attempt to control them is therefore pc- from an experience of the' actual operation of the
number of pupilst part s who intend to place tiitiercl-ed TI e excellent and c(intiodout!s house at. present oc- culiarly unbecoming and arrogant. When the general government, ve have as little canute to
tnin this inso'pution, aree o tencd to pmae early ai. cupied'by" -. Jil:laisa a, ai" t-iey occupi<-d by M.t officers of the general government do any act apprehenJ dat ger as froit the principles of its
Splicatu o t he Rev. Virgil H. barber. s', Cay O' St :, is't tim r'ent tbr one which we think unauthorized by our letter of in- organization. Have we not as a nation enjoyed
p uic a ti o t o S i te R{e v V ir gi l H. B a r b e r y e a "' ,c l i l l e l g l e 1, ft h e n e x L 1 0 1 0 1
aug DAN 'l.ttNTr structions, or wrong La itself, we shall discard all the happiness which it is in the power of go-
sept lI-eu4w

vernment to confer? It has wrested from no man
his property ; it has deprived no trman of iis liber-
ty. But we have seen its salatary and protective
Energies directed against a foreignn foe. We have
seen the pride of that haughty! in..'. '. by'
the victorious arms of the republic. We have
seen ouxr wrongs avengcd, ourt rights vinldii'aeri,
and our national character exalted ; all by the ge-
neral government. And seeing all this, we have
rejoiced that it is. the gover-nient of our choice.
On the other hand, we have been involved in,
great embarvassrnentst by the re'fraiatory and un-
constitutional proceedings lf some of ithe states-.
In the very war which raised the character of the
general government so much in the confidence
anid affections ot the people, the refusal of the go-
vernor of one of the eastern states to obey the call
of the President, threatened to throw the country
into the most alarming condition, and to paralyze
the verv am to which wv.e all looked-for protec-
tion. Rest assured, then, the general govern-
ment is not an object of dread. Our ancestors
did not create it to be an object of terror to the
people, but ,' to secure the blessings cf liberty to
themselves ad their posterity." They reared it
as a durable monument, wlici should carry their
names, in glory, to future ages. They will not
be deceived. As long as, there shall be a heart to
feel lox freedom, and a head capable of under-
standing its principles, those who- organized the
general government will be hallowed as the wis-
est of statesmen and the best of patriots. And I
am well assured that the government they creat-
ed wili not be the less evincive of the wisdom of
itsi franmers because it'departs from the principle
of a mitere.conifedeiacy, -4 shall hereafter shew,v
that its admirable balance can be jeopardized oi:y
by the eccentric and centrifugal tendencies of the
states .

U; S .' M. ( i t- S l G r Ci prijop.-es, with the
;: Essisgtanccti ter daugiht'rs, tO open a
,'emiale Boarding School, '. -
at the place where they now reside ir. Essex county.
Va. Shie is fully sensible of her own and her -daughi
ters'incompeteince to bestow si:chi uan education as site
silncitr(S v s csite s see n itl-,e.reach -n i l ivry n 1('di
visual of her sex amongithe rising gei-irati.OY. Yet
having devoted the greater part fl her life to the in
structioni of her own large family, she trusts that t.e ex
prince "vhichi'c has i:: a acquiredd in t-cnilty-five
yrIrs t eac;r a Iir : i .- : dify her for tine
otince of irtralictres, .:f.- .. -- of ,her ownl stix
II. tigaui to the situation, there is none probably in tht
waibole suatc better adapted tot ire contemplated purpose
It i.,s Itng proved to be uncommion)y healthy ; its re
itremeint wl in ai great mieaaure secure her pupils firon
al .- os texr-prations to ciulpabbl" expense, to too fre
quI nt partil:s of pleasure, and to other -.. : ., o
concdict, which Itrge tow,.s and cities it,. ... i.: ) pre
sent and wit.i afford additiont!i mt<;iv-s to her' ,
e. to use a well selected )Ibrary of nearly i. ',
sa, -. viumAes, still farther to bei ,ugmented; whi ;, wi'
alv.avi be'opi a to. them, under tI'.e spe-ial dir, ction, ii
regard to wha: tucy sxiay re-ad.. of herself and hier d:igh
tears In the :;Iosecit: oi c this des en, her chiet otj] c
and anxious endeavoi wit be to bestow an educiat!O
rather ubsefuid tlhia sh',ovy, by so regulating tI'. hears
dispositions, sn i cilaeacters of her pupitl, as To prepsiar
ah-l- 1or mille fi.iJi ni it sci arhee iof aill lioe arduous dI
tiiF wh-it iiu-cesarti devolve uptt n every mistress of
faimilH, 'artc;alarlt in the- So.uthern States. it is upoe
Jiers c', in ainost all cases, that tle young people of ou
coinr. primarily depend, not onty for' the rudiments o
knowlet-ge, ... '; -. ', 'hose early impressions upon- th
heart and under-tblaiding which, .in it great measure, re
gtiiate and fix their tut-ite.dsi'stnies. Hlow highly i:
portntit then is it ,h'at lthust wvio i6-ve stuch leeptl intle
eating ai t moi'enitoisi duties to liii should receive ev
Try ;-isbe t. .. 'iichi Sctnce, Literature, Mo
calta. and i I-' .I caln impart ?
'Tie course of insa-'uctiont-will consist in teaching
: i i'.. i, .' 'aurinimar, W ritiig, Arithmln tic, corn
l >- .. > -. of Accouinta as every Is
S-.' ... .. with Geopgraphy and thi
use of the Glooes.
Also, Betl;es Lettres. the Elements of Chermitry,
Natural ani' Mtoral i k si;s:!hy; the sitahn, Ftrenrch, atn
Italian t i';" c ; with such course of Historical reai
ing a, ... .. .. te i.h ars' th -O a good geuier;. idc
oft lie prin.Tpal evews ot to e WtIcltd.
Ouc general chaiute e 2 ;2'.0 a year, to. be paid ha
yearly, and always-iii advance, will uincsude all the ab.-',
blra ches, t,!ge!her with every article of board. excel
bedding. This the scholars may e'lihe- furnish there
serves, or they will be supplied tby paying -40 iu .a.i
v-. c'- the L. .;.I. to I t.-.,, property whenever tltr
withdraw frurr. the school. No diHterence in tie price
of tuition will be made betw'reen thtsi wao may ende
vot to learniI all the hibove branches of eLincxasiunt, ai
tuise who p;ay attempt oniy two or three of such as a]
de-ined most easy to autqutire, because- the s-;nme tint
and attention will be devotet- to ihe iast as to the first.
Music and Dancing will he taught, provided' paren
and guardianss should wish it, ad the number ot f.. I
should be such as to iusttf the employment of is ma ::e
in which case the utmost care will be taken to select ox
of irreproach-lc .:!, i.,-.
For these, it-rI. ,it I separate charge.
Mrs. G. will thank those who may wish to avail the-l
selves of this proposal to communicate their inteiutin n
, soon as p: acticable, by letterto iheiself or husband, ii
reacted to Loretto, Essc-ex i" ,trv,. Va. that she may imak
t;n I' i. .i ..... I I ...iI .- wiillnot be attempt
vi.i :.. h- i. .. 1- enty scholars; but as soon a.- th
xiumber of applications are ircade, public notice will b
given in tihe t ili lii_,'.d and RIichumond Enqi-ri
that the school is ready to commence.
The necessaryi.'.--C..e'-I.r Books. such as Mrs. C. w
hereafter reconimcmnd, must be brought by the scholar
or they will be furnished at first cot, paid in advance
S Only one vacation will be giei1i during the year;t to cot
mence on the firstot f August,, ani to end on the last
No Day Scholars will be received.
SEssex,june 18-sep 8-2iaw2W

--- --

SATUR)AY, SEl '. L1 !.ER 8.

"Politicaf Views.--We took occasion lately to-
notice the productions of two writers in Ge'trg:a,
of niuch auility, who, though opposed to eachh[
other on certain points, both maintain doctrines,
ini he abstract, which receive our .]..P-,,a,.d -.;, S
probation, and deserve to be recommended to the
serious perusal of our readers,. ..r.-o'uti.,il-
views so just and so well expressed are peculiarly
valuable at the present time, and we hl..vc sepa- I
rated from the accompanying matter of an essay
of One of the People," in the Georgia Adver-
tiser, such parts as we think will afford instruc-
tion and satisfaction to all who-attentively peruse
them. These'we publish to-day, and -,t.ll il-..'.'
them hereafter with such extracts front otit.g
numbers as may appear to contain scntanenits
worthy of being inculcated.

MAItYLA 1, .
The political complexion of the state govern-
ment of Maryland may be considered as settled
for the next live years. The Senate are elected
for that term, on the 17th instant, by forty elect-
ors chosen for the purpose. Of these forty elect-
ors, we already know, without having heard from
all the counties, that nearly two-thirds of them
are Republican-of course the new Senate will
be totally Republican. A majority of the other
branch of the Legislature is also republican. The
federal papers of the state -in. '.: .1i, and exerted
themselves with gre .t zeal' to produce, a differ-
ent result. If they were sincere in their prcICs-
, sions, it appears that they were most ',. ,..! ...ly

The i*.t ,-f- ;',c : .. Interest.-We publish,
" with unfeigned pleasure, the following statement,
from the Rhude Island Americai;-a source
which, on every th ng relating to this subject
may be relied on. We *.....-- i the information
with pleasure, because we are gratified by every
evidence of the prosperity .and extension of this
t branch of national industry; and because .we have
all along believed that skill and economy, judi-
.'t -il',y applied, would, with the aid of the exist-
i ing duties on imports, enable our manuf'acts ers
- of the great staples of cotton and wool, to coin-
; pete successfully with foreign fabrics, and derive.
[ from their labor and capital a fair and reasonable
profit. This certainly, is as much as can or oiigLh
to be looked for in the present unit ersal depres-.
sion of all- the pursuits of industry ; and we wish
Ir most sincerely, that the other great interests-
e the agriculture, the commerce, and the naviga-
- tion--of the nation, could experience the -.ne
-. flaatering prospects. Depressed as these are, it
- is because we deemed it both unjust and unne.
o- cessary to criFple them .still more by further ex-
g actions, fr the beicfit cf t!e other r branch-al-
- ready the most pr sp'erous of the famr,ily-that

STOCKS.--The following were the current pri-
es of public :tocl, at the three cities named,
ccording- to the l.;st quotations. S8

STOCKS, -','-C. B USTo'n'. 'HlLA i iBALTrM ORB

iri & deferred : a 104. a 102 aoImc
evens 1i lO an Ili 110 a III
oui.iana Sixes aid off' n e V
War Loans 074 a 1114 t108 al I.2 1 '-. a 112 n
Three ner cents .;eie t50 none h
Ca'zoo 99 ;ione
United States Bank I 2- a U12 112 a 112- 121 a 112a O
Spanish Dollars a 2 adv. par 100 cts.

Latest from S. .Shigustine -1T'he U. S. schr. t
Revenge, lieutenant comdt. Hammersley, arrived n
it this port on ThIursday, 1 ft St. ,Augustine cn t1
vIonday afternoon last. WVelearn from Lieut.
H. that it was rather sickly, among the soldiery. s
Lieut. Washburn, ofthe 4th regt. artillery, died i!
on the 23d uit, of Bilii(qs Fever. We are in- s
debted to the politeness of lieut. -H.for a St. Au- c
gustine paper. t
Governor .Jfi.lsoti has, by an ,r..'i ..,'. divided I
the Floridas tor judicial purposes, into two coun- c
ties, to wit :--All the country hct-ween the Per- t
dido and Suwaney riv, i -,..J Ili h rI ds therein, .c
to be called the count ., i.-! .t,, All she c
ceded territory east of thle Suwaney, ce. to be
called the county of St. J.-oli.
The County Couirts organized by said Ordi- t
nance, are require ... .-... the parties strictly o
to tiet merits of their cause, aid to cause all use-
less matter, as well as utnnecessary form, to be
expunged front the pleadings, at the. expense of i
the party introducing the same. t
Col. I ;.,itt l-. appointed Mayor of St. Augus- 1
tine. '
The oath of allegiance has been .,tiri,,-.i.IU el
to the civil o.'- .. and such Sp aniards as chose '
to tike it, by 'Mr. t"orthington, Secretary and
acting Governor of WVest Florida.


,WVe continue to receive details of disasters .by
the gale of Monday.
A gentleman arrived easily yesterday morning.
froi New Haven, who informed that the steam
boat Connecticut was run ashore'at Morris's
Cove, in New Haven harbor, when coming out
about 7 o'clock in the evening. He states site
will '. got off without much damage. Much
destruction to chimneys, &c. was caused in the
town. 'he ;oais are literally strcxed within tr-es
The L .. l It ,ck LighIt H, : elnirtel dI'mnolish-
ed, and a sloop, not known, suiik IoffT idigiport,
.ansd all hands ob l)orrd. s'tipposed to have perish-
ed. The packet sloop Susan out tntoe Black
Rock, and was safc. Slotp --, Olden, was
towed into Black Rock on Tuesday, dismasted.
A g'entleiian urivied yester-day ....-' ,,-I;, from
Rockaway, whv. e lo unrlederstood three or four
pettiauger boats were stranded on the beach, and
15 or 16 persons belonging to Lheni-had per-
Capt, Robinson, master of one of the vessels,
has arrived in town, alid states that he is the only
person served that were on board fobr'vessels,
whose crews and passengers amounted to eigh-

A gale commenced he;e -1 ,._ t-., 1 .., at 6 o'-
lec hc ." (tfter (tir tparitvt want, to aress'I- .) whirh

we have opposed our humble dissent to an aul- fio,, t.) 10, increased to au violent tornado.
orientation of the tariff. This dissent was not in. sIuuch daiuagr. was done. '1 lie new brick Me-
consistent with the best wishes for the prosperity thodist mneetng house erecting on the gre-,n,
of our own n nulactuies. In a jest rcga:d Ifor'i aud which hiad but just b en covered, woes laid
that branch o oestic industry, wi not prstra A iev brick store,biliig by Prescott
t& SI he: man, was greativ wrenched, and much in.
yield to any of those who deafen the puibl eat jure, [Aftter enutnerating other cifects of the
with an incessant claor tfo their encouriage- glde, the account proceeds-~] The steamii boats
ment. But that regard is '.ot. excu;-,ive. and swill which had left port at the usual hour, were corn-
not :-,,i. us to prostrate the other souctCs p peletd to return. The i..i, made good. heru
I eath, build is at n iii gs, iroCe out the gale, and sailed for New
Si wea to u i London this 'aiorning. T ie Connacticut was less
blishments. Manufactures sio not require to b o forituate ; in ".u -: to come to a favorable
sustained in this country by bointias atd preri-1 anch-orage, she became w.holiy unmanageable by
ums ; but they will extend and thrive by the ope- the violence of thi gale, and drifted near' the fort,
ratiin of more natural and unchianeable cati.ss where she now lies high and dry; and it is doubt-
-the cheapness of our country, and the en:-tt- ifl whether she can be got off. We understand
she is much strained. She thad 70 passengers,
-prise, skill and economy of ourcitizens. wf hi h were compelled to stay on board a Al pight, in
natural growth, every new evidence affords us the a most perilous condition, the waves ,continually
pleasure we feel in witnessing the advanccuient dla-shing over her,.

Sof the com)pmou weal,
te hi'..fi i.:. ."- ,l ..J-i:'t ... in tl e present d-a-
id pressed state of coflhmerce, it is gratifying to
at learn that uur .manufacturing establishmncrits in
ee. various sections of the Uniioni are .,,ia.-til re-
gaiting their prosperous condition. : i-, re
ill mark is particularly applicable to the manufiac
's, ture ol cotton, which ntow yields a moderate pro.
e fit to.those who conduct the business with the.
oh requisite skill and economy. The extensive tac-
toiic in Pawtucket are all in fulh op ta.iin, and
the village again presents the aspect of a crowd
ed aind thriving population. lThe die...bii., ftcr

NO'Ii .E. cotton fabrics are c .ii.A ,l .... a!, liui. i rnd it
S T ifors those par. s and gua- is no equivocal test of the skill anid cnterprize of
', dians wuto design to confide their daughters and our manufactures, that the product of Rhode Is-
wards to ier care, that her School will commence on the land looms obtain a decided preference in the
1st of October. .1- di .ihti parts of-the Union. They are pur-
As more scholars than the number first mentioned can chased to clothe the slaves on the plantations of
be conveniently taught aid suitably accommodated, ap- Louisiana, and even our Canadsan neighbours,
plications will continue to be received until the'school is i ana' dB e lc a ne u ,
full. A nd since some doubt may arise froinom her having with all their British predilections, are tnot un-
omitted to say any thingon the subject with th ose who willing to habit themselves in our- cheap arnd sub.
may live too remotely to take their daughters and wards stantial fabrics. In Philadelphia it is said that
home in vacation, Mrs. G. avails herself ot this occasion about four thousand looms nive be. n put in opera-
to say that she is willing to board them during that peri- tion within the last six months, which are chiefly
od tor ,F25 each. ,
Esse<, auu 7--sep 8--2aw2w engaged in weaving cotton goods, and that in ail
S FOa RNT, probability they will, within six rmontns more, be
----1 R r FOR increased Ro lour tmes that number.
-- -THE three story brick H.ouse on K street, late- increased to Iiu' ties that tiumber.
i. ..pied by Mrs. Gravha~m. Thiss hesuse has In Patterson, (N. J.) where two years since
c.,i ., .1.... -I,.;'buildings, carriage house, stable, gar- only three out of sixteen of its extensive factories
den, and. pump of excellent water in the yard. Few were in operation, a signal and most gratifying
houses have better or more accommodations than this. change has been observed. Nearly all these es-
It is situated between Georgetown and the Six Build- Lablishments are now in vigorous employment,
i,... w.-1 .-.o- 'e x0 the Russian Minister's.
!,,. ** .1 ,a I be moderate, and possession given af- and the town has resumed that appearance of
ter the 10th inst. prosperous industry which it exhibited during
Georgeaown, sep 8--eolm THOS. PETER. tihe temporary success of manufacturing enter-
ETOTICE is hereuy given, that a Ihu -li of Appea,
L composed of John Davidsin, Pfeter Lenox, Freder Four deaths by ialtgnant fever occurred at
ick May, and Ma thaw Wnriht, Esquires, will meet at Baltiinore on the 5tl instant.I
the Coui-eil Chamber, at the corner iof 6th street west I
andt 1Peins lvansa avenue, on Monday the 17th inst. and 'lst is with great pleasure that we are enabled to
continue toicit for ten days, (Sunday excepted,) frni 10 state that Savannaii and New Orleans-both so
o'clock, A. Ml. until 3 o'clock, P. Mf. for the, purpose o' i i
hearing and determining on Appeals from the Assessors hesavi afflicted by lease in fo'me" seasois-
valuatiun uf real and personal property in the city ,I continue he:aithy and free Irom malignant fever,
ashington WM HEW T,eg. up to the last accounts from them.
sep 7--dt27thif WN1, HEW]2 "1",, ,,Leg. -

Jr, Bridgeport, Connectieat,--The storm 'at
this pl. cec lsted until near eleven o'clock
at night. Several buiMinv iu have been blown
down and ti '. -i--c: liitii, and windows
d-tmuolisled-the largest trees torn- -up by
th-ie roots-fences desti.. ..-. -.,nd the rounds ren-
!erxed totally imipassaible in many places by the
tru: ks and branches of inrostrate trees. The spire
of the steeple tu the PI.-., .; iu meeting house,
togeih::r with the lightning rod, vane, and ball,
were blown down. On the water, the scene of
aesolation is yet more appalling. Almost all the
vessels in this port parted their fastenings, and
were driven, some on the flats, where they
grounded, without sustaining ;such injury ; oth-
ers went on the graving banks, and one sloop (be-
longing to Mr. Douglass Linsley) drifted against
the bridge, where she remains a wreck. The
bridge itself was considerably injured. The
wreck of a vessel, with a signal of distress, was
discovered off the harbor on Tuesday morning
a biat went out to her relief. A few miles out-
side of her was discovered the end of the mast of
a large sloop, sunk in about ten fathoms water,
and it is supposed all hands must have perished.
We are sorry to learn that the Light House at
Black Rock is destroyed. Many years must
elapse before Bridgeport regains its former ap-
We learn from Trumbull Newtown, Wash-
ington, &c. that the gale was equally severe in
the interior. The destruction of fruit an.-l fruit
trees was immense.

On Thursday evening.last, by the Rev. A. T. McCor-
mick, Mr. DAD BUTrLsa, Jr. to Miss MAinY CooMna,
daughter of Griffith Coombe, Esq. all of this city.

Sf-HI creditors of the late Thomas ltobertson, whose
ji. ciais have not ben finally discharged, are ordered
to lodge the sam v with the Clerk of the Circuit Court
ior the county of Washington, on or before the 1st ol
october next.

sep 8--w3w

Sinus ce.

,- ~ From Havana.l.-By the schr. iComet, captain
peeci of tie King qf Spain,af. the close of the Campbell, arrived yesterday in six days frn Ha..
Session of the Cortes, detivere' at .MNadrid, vania, we have accounts from that city to the 2-i
June SO: inst. inclusive-A letter from a correspondent.,
"Gentiemen Deputies: Ihave already had office speaking of the disturbance among the prisoners
ie satisaction oj presenting myself to this Con- confined in the jail, as mentioned in the Courier
press, wbich,fuit of information, of patriotism and of the 22d inst. states that 15 were killed, and a
virtues, has given in the present Legislature number wounded, before order was restored a-
ew proofs of is constant care for the public n'ong them. .We have received .from the same
app:ness.: Its efforts to conclude and I. 1 -i 'i : .i'., i, under (late of the 22d inst. the
ur political .tc, im.d,- a. have been, if i f -l 1-' '*I n -:.,g the latest news Which we have
eyoid my hopes, and the nation will be eternal- yet seen from Mexico. We bi'-,i v:in :, be re-
Sindebted to it for the grea; and numerous lied on as correct:
ieasures which-it ., tik.ii in the short space ",By the arrival of the Spanish brig of war Al-
'its sittings, of which i proposed the prolonga- mi rante, in 22 days from. Vera Cruz, we learrl
ion of the term, 'vhich our fuLidameital-law ad-- that the Insurgents were before that city, rn I tlat
ite. '. ii it, as it has bIcoi, conducive to the gates were shut ; but on the arrival of the -Di-
he ;.ubi ..:.i. a ond, a Corvtte, and the brig of war Almi-
In effect, the new organization of the army, irante, with about 8')00 troip's from. this part, the
o well adapted to the true end of its institution, troops being trained for two days, they,- dklid out
s the work' of the Congress The decree ru-i to givebattlie to the enetny, who retreated, and no
pecting public instruction, divic ed into differ- engagement took place-but the royal troops
nt classes of i- .ii.... i;. na [ihe first letters to burnt and destroyed the quarters of the Insur-
he highest ddgreetof knowledge, iit (! tlu i-'c. i vwhilh were without the walls. The royal
uniunatioio and useful knowledge tl..i- ...u all troops are encamped near' the place that the ene-
:lasses of the .state; that of the rd i.:.. i.. '.' h:.i. The Vice-Roy, O'Dorjoju, arrived at
ythes, by wiich, while t,'e necessary ,~id. %nnMilt V\"ri I L ruz, 'tro-n Old Spain, and was treated ve1
if the clergy is preserved, the labourer is consi- ry -I, i'.iyv. i ie vessels of war touched'at Tarn-
lerby: ii ,-i- i,-. -crcouraging Ii.ul I In "-.-lre nonotice was take-n of them at all.
an ,K. i I i.,.. ,,,- soiiree of our vealtb,; and, in d 'i, pi i-'c is reptxescnted to b in a. state of ,iis-
ine, the system of finance, which, suppressing content, and, with Vera Cruz, may be expected
he burthensome and useless imposts or means soon to be under the Independent flag."
s raising mnorcy, fias fixed public revenues ini
contributions less ceavyand already known to thel .V iNJTON 'T LA i'RE .
Spanishl people, and iii new contributions con- iiN -J L. k .
ormable to the principles of thepolitcal Consti-
tution'of the nionarctly, and adopted with success On Sacturday E', ,r. 'W.2 -1.-i 'xi' 8,
by the .most civilized nations-all these objects Will be presented un k-.-,-C-", '* or ..r--i tragedy
are alike the ivork of the Congress. of AN ..
"1 offer to the Cortes the expression of all ROMEO AND JULIEeT1.
my :. .' .it. f,,[i the zeal ...- wisdom they have see
distiayed in thesen.measures of01 t,i,- ,i i.i- To conclude .%h tfatce of:'.e
poraince to the state. The government will riot A AEF. L,''/ i,' ;' '
h. i. .-any means for theii execution, as its o-n [For characters see bills.]
dignity and the stability of the constitutional sys- s-p 7--
tern, which I will cause scrupulously to be ob-.
served, reqitires. ALMONDS, AND FILBERiTS.;
1 also thank the Congress for 'the generosity -T7 \, ib fresh Almonds
with which it has provided for the wants and the < ,t 1000 1do F tber, & Co.
dignity of my royal household and tn.y amiiy, as Ceorgetown, sep 8-6t
well as for authorization granted to the govern-
ment, to have means lot- covering the more ur-. AUCTION SALES.
gent public expenses. H" afteron, at half past 4 o'clock, at the.auction
Our relations of gqod understanding and -,re, Pennsylvania avenue, I shall sell a x ,,-1i u4'
goo uxudeostandxgax articles, viz:
friendship with other powers, have .i ii I.i.,C.I. 2 bbis S'ad '
no change since the opening of the Sesson ; and .1 do Purk
I will. seek to preserve them .by all possible means 1 bag Pepper '
which shall be worthy of the hei-oic nation which 1 do Alspice
I tam proud of ruling. ron bo st id Casks, &.
The treaty with the United States, which Also,
terminates our differences with that government, 1. essy Chair
and includes the cession of tile i .1,1 .1 has been r-excellent Bed
ratified by the President, and the ratifications 2 Bedsteads
have been exchanged the 22d of last February. 12-4 Marse:lies ,uilts
I flatter myself that,in consequence of this treaty, ling and breakfst Tables
and of tke settlement of our boundaries, which is Chest carpexiter's Tools
to be-effected by a mixed commission, our rela- with a variety of other articles.
tions m ith the U. States will hereafter experience sep 8-- M. POOR, sue,
no aiter.tion. THIS DAY
The firmness of my government, and the T D
generous and active co-operation of his rnajesiv
the King of the Netherlands, put, for the m central Banko f Geortowwnand' i~.,, i-,
iment, our commerce in safety from all hostility Y order of the B ..... tf I ir, r, .t .t,- instuioq,
on the pair of the 1t.. ,, of Algiers. wil be sold, at i :.... .. .. iv the th
In consequence of the new order of thl ~Q,, day of September next, at 4 o'clock, P. M. at .the *itik.
generously and spontaneously adopted by the ing House. the following i'. ,I property, oi a credit
king of the United Kingdom of Portugal and of 1,2, 3, 4 and 5 years, for appr-oved endorsed i.otes,
Brazil, his. Most F'aithfllui Majesty has, taken the bearing interest, or for the stock oftae.institution at 75
per cent.; mode ot payment to be made known imnmedi.
resolution of returning to Lisbon with his royal ately after sale, and, on payment, good and sufficient
family, and leaving at Rio Janeiro the hereditary deeds will be executed.
Prince, in the quality of Viceroy. I will profit 1. The Banking House and Lot on Bridge street.
'ly the retuirn'of his Most Faithful Miajesty to This is a most valuable pi-ce of property; it is well cal-
pursne the negotiations v which are in.suspense culated tor a public ofi-e, dry good or grocery store,
i ie'otii Iand is an excellent stand for busioners.
relatively to the occupation of Monte Video and To the above house is attached an excellent Vault,
the eastern shore of.the Rio de la Plate. the cost of' l...:h. ,t -_ the advantage of which is
S1I have made known to the Cortes my.senti- evident to every one who has the charge of books, value.
mrents on the subject of the affairs of N.qi.,i, antd able papers, or cash.
Piedmont. Some malevolent persons have wish- 2. The o large brick r ofDunba 4 lot situated at
ed to give to T!itr events, with heapect to Spain, thecorner ofDunbart 11 ,,i ...rt.. and formerly
ed to givt (o l!i.- events, with respect to Spain, occupied by MN. James N. Magniuder. This house is
an importance which they could in no wise have, well finished, and for situation and convenience is ife.-
The interior of the kingdom enjoys tranquil- riorto none in Georgetown.
lity. The oaly band of factious men, which has 3. Two lots at the f ot of High street, 36 by 80 feet
each, i i., t,- house formerly occupied by-this ii-
existed in small numbers, has been dlp, ~,e stitution as a banking house.
and defeated by means of the energetic disposi- Those lots are worthy the attention of persons desir-
tions of the government, and the zeal of our ous to-buil, the)- being immediately adjoining several
troops. It is to be hoped that this ill success, warehouses now extensively engaged in the country
and the amelioration of the public spirit, will and water trade.
cause enterprises so mad to be hencetorward a- edA rtunneessary.pti of the e above prchasing or vis deem-
bandoned, impotent, as they are, to impede the ing the same will please to apply to Mr. Romulus Riggs,
nmajesic progress of our system. at thi Banking House..

,, Agriculture, industry, arts, and sciences, al-
ready feel the ameliorations due to our constitu-
tional. system. All these sources of public pros-
perity will be further improved as soon as they
experience the effects of the decrees passed for
their encouragement. But this is not the affair
of a moment-the seed which is thrown in the
earth does not produce its effect in one day. Com-
merce will prosper in proportion; and especial-
ly when the Cortes shall be able to give it aid,
and that the Spanish nation shall have for its pro.
section such a navy as it ought to have.
I have seen, with no less satisfaction, that the
Cortes have turned their eyes towards the admi-
nistration of justice, which they have strength-
ened by measures taken to this end.
-" I will make all efforts to obtain the re-esta-
blishment of order in the provinces beyond the
sea; and my government, urged by the Cortes
to take the measures which it may deem suitable
for their happiness, taking into consideration the
state of those countries, will do it without delay,
and with all possible liberality. The Spamiards
of both hemispheres must be convinced that I
desire nothing so much as their happiness, found-
ed on the integrity of the monarchy, and an ob-
servance of the constitution.
If, as I doubt not, the next Cortes imitate the
noble example of the present in their respect,
their attachment to the throne, and their love to
the country, I shall promptly have the satisfac-
tion to see consolidated, in'all those points, the
system which is the object ofmy wishes."

ON the 8th day of September next, at the Union Ta-
vern, in Georgetown, will be sold, at public auc-
tion, lot No. 114, in Beatty ankd Hawkina' addition to
Georgetown, fronting 70 feet on Second street, by vir-
tue of a decree of the Circuit Court of the District of
t;olumbia, for the county of Washington. The purcha-
ser to give his note, satisfactorily endorsed, payable 3
months after the day of sale; and, on the payment ot
the puLrchase money and the ratification of the said sale,
a deed to be given ftbr the premises aforesaid. Sale at
4 o'clock, P. M. CH. GLOVER,
aug24-2w Trustee.

W. W. CORCOIAN & Co. aue's.
Georgetown, joly 14 -sep 8-
Will be added to the above-
I iron Chest
1 eight day Clock
Scales and Weights
3 Desks
3 Tables
Book Case
,Wash Stand
Tongs, oker and Irons
Ink Stands


W. W. C. & Co. aac.

ST'ItE members of the Columbian Harmonic Society
i. are requested to meet at Seignior G(aetano Carru.
si's, in the house lately occupied by Mrs. Stn-ne, as an
Academy, on Monday next at half past 7 o'clock. By
order of the resident:
b b. IROBERT ELLIS, Sec'y.
september 8-d2t.

Washington County,
District of Columbia, to wit:
Of(N the petition of MICIIAEi McDAxnaE, an insolvent
" debtor, confined in the prison of Washington coun-
ty for debt: Notice is hereby given to the creditors of
the said Michael McDannel, that, on the third Monday
in September in t. at 11 o'clock, a. m. at the court room
the oath prescribed by the act of Congress, entitled
"An act for the relief of insolvent debtors within the
District of Columbia," will be administered to the said
insolvent, and a trustee appointed for the benefit of his
creditors, unless sufficient cause to the contrary be then
and there shewn.
Provided a copy of this notice be inserted in the Na-
tional Intelligencer three times previous to the said day.
And it is further ordered, that the petitioner be and ap.
pear atgthe time and place, for the purpose aforesaid.
By order of the Honorable William Cranch, Chief
Judge of the Circuit Court of the United States for the
District of Columbia. WM. BRENT, clerk.
September 8-3t
ALL persons indebted to the subscriber for Tickets in
the Third Class of the Grand National Canal Lotte-
ry are requested to call at his Lottery Office and pay
heir notes'and accounts on or before the 20th of Sep.-
tember next, or they will be put in suit, without respect
u persons. E.O. 'YLE,.
, aug-2-

'h sent to-the General as ',,,-':-e until the concu- the expenses of which were defrayed by the go. thropic band who teach mankind the great sc-
su.- of eac--e s e gave thenl. a spendi" dinner, government, General Bonaparte presents to the Di- crets of nature, should never be fo,.,i- .,. Their
Y .C 1-iML CATiONS. sn ald to ehem, a the ei l of the dessert- rectory, at the Palace of the Luxembourg, the merits stand c.u., hii'li for a moment to be over-'
n- Ge en, ye aret liberty-gotell his Ma- treaty of Cimpo Fotmio. looked. Who. could have thought that the fall-
..- A. jesty, your master, that, if his imperial word needs 25th December. Gen. Bonaparte is named merm- ing of an apple (a-circumstance so simple in it-
a TE ATuarantee, you cannot-serve as such, and that, ber of the first learned society in the world-the self) would have raised to immortality a-Newton,
COTV O ifitdoes not want one, yeu ought not to." Institute of France. In his letter' of thanks he and have .,d'auce one of the most beautiful and
CoTI.iN0 OF THE ITSOFIS LIFE- dipril. Verona surrenders itself to Gen. ays : Real .... ..' the only ones which leave interesting :.h'.oii we are c:.p.ble .:,f c.,':.-
15thf f Iarei. 1797. General Bonaparte sends to Bonaparte, who pardons the bloody revolt ofithe no regret, are those made over ignorance." plating ? And who knows (.nd n.d ...-1 .it -..c .,
the n i.c 'ei the t -o i.-s of 'antua. deluded inhabitants which took place while he [TO B CONTIUcD. highly plausible) .but what Mr. J .h-I t( ve.:
16t a.f-rh.., H, defl s the Arch Duke was in pArsuit of Prince Charles.- Suwarofl" Symies will have discovered,.agreeably .to his
Cha-' i thh; !an.os.barte of Tagiamento, would have put them all to the swaord, and a R. theory, a still ni,.,' it;,,l order of things--
rot! hi- Sarmy, who lose .the greater part of or ., Cockburn would have laid tie city in ashes THE EDITORS. world within a globe .
their 0r-tiler' ind v ':" and abandon the -such is the difference between great andlittle "True philosophy does not enthrone principles, and I mst, gentlemen, concludeby remarking tat
htonld hi ,s i ,aolivita ,N tr Ci t-surL is In arindi0nlI' I minds, l make facts bend to.thern ; ut looks for facts, and,-upon I believe Mr. Symmes every how fitted to the
stro holds of Pala Nuova ita d u, ei...n n, an, i c..l. minds. those cts -well established, builds a system principles." believe mes eer owi to
U ie.and Gemona, eavin open th Vnetian fogiveyouthistime," ,,-i nble conqueror, Gentlemen: Philosophers have openly admi- that complishmert of I, pn je expedition stand
Territory to the confines 'of high Carinthia, and but if the like scene occur again, I will raze red, and readily adopted, the theory of J ta. encour d in his undertaking, if not by govern-
Carniola t.akg lhinself to the ,ni, the ou ity to the ground, and with it, ruins erect Cleves Symmes, of the hollowness of this glob, i indual ificence
19t ar. Passagefthe Isonzo and tak a column on which shall beinscribed, heresood and its being therein inhabited. Indeed, the ide, n, inmunRANKLIN
t f rc. Passage ais o palpably ingenious, so like truth, that it
ing of Gradisca. He "d 3d dlay. Gen. Bonaparte exposes the conduct strikes them with fu force of -the treaty and
20th. Alarch. Action of Casasola. He for- of the Venetians in a manifesto, an declares war; ikes the his th full fot i e which if tru TndHE EDITORS.
s e bridge, overthrows the enemy, nd is letter tothe Doge deserve to be recorded: (andI have not the least doubt f it,) will render Getleen: In the question proposed in your
2lows .m1ti h. Takes Garitz and Camiza ; ac- In al Te rra Firma, ithe Venetitans are n incontesible the r., ul i b-.aii i tie .iryofgra- paper of then4the August, of the land i.,r.taed in ou
a rm s ; th eir ra ll ,ke s c ry is eathdto C ath F r enc h p a re o f tiquir es ; n o g re a t c o n sAde rathndof i
tioe r,o C C-tinico. Many hundi'eds ot the brave soldiers of .- ,ie sub ecIt toreq form a o g .it opinion of this a square, a circle, and an equilateral triangle, re-
22dio- l.ceh'c Actions of Pufero, and .the de- ii i, been the r victi i. You -,. T subject t to fot-m a e T Itl.e opinion of this p t.- *a-" th ii a will appear.
.files of Capcrrtto, Lavis, Tramin, and Clac- initcs teoy, for iprr hich YOU I stamped with a pect, It is answered in the 8th, and by hano cr I
s0 pee, s vain to disavow these rtiots which yotu .,-,t, .. liar-, i-,, ..t il" it-:,i, which is the -reason in th 30th. They agree in the quantity con-
sen. h. nral Bonapart ters riest have pIepare.. Do you imagine that [, ho have has en,,-, so avoably received ained in the square, and very near in the circle on-
23ad larch. Gneral Bonaparte enters Trieste, ld te'French army into the licat of Germany, here are, of house, soe dissentct s to this io- but inthe angle the aswer in he 8th is
and dds the Austrian Friuli to the conquest of have tiot suicient force to make the respected tioof concentric spheres d ol gob but inte triangle the anwer in te8tiacres

25th arch. Heattacks the defiles of the Italy? Do you latte yourself that te legios might have been expected; but reflection on the and in the 30th. is only 317,520
Sah a ks the di e of Tis oThe of Italy will support with pacionce the massacres matter will have convinced these ,i wnderni stoics .
Tyi W a i ga t he sattse of Tar is, T- evis you have excited ? 'il e blood of ouir brothers in of thi fallacy oftheir objic ids, aid. the truL.s of -acres 49,120 -
-and C.huse, while the snow was two feet deep i arms shall be revenged ; there is not a single its r ifaic les Mankind in s ages hive resist- ,20 acres 49,120
the i-round-the result, 30 pieces of cannon, 400 battalion who, charged wth this noble mi.,sin its principle Mankind inil agts have res*ib- ip're only 49,10 acres. I Omit fractions,
battalion \ w o, i charge(! wv l ,,-i s 1 10 i i-,5 c! inovatin sw hich had Lthi(:. telat uc, to ove;r- sl ,-! o td 1e
S. ..:. ad 5000 prisoners, among whom are but whatwou feel n ti es as much oura'e n s i h "l c to ove- S ld ., g entlemen reconsider their wor,
or nerals but what would feel ten times as 'iuch courage throw any favorite theorems, h-I!wevei i.i.... 1,. -.i i and give it s c ne ct? o -t ,. as t geisletnan svho
.four Henerals. a and force as is neces-sarv to nourish youu.. Th '-. thes .avorite. pi-ciples mmgh have smmwr si li-ant, says, fac risi1" 1'",
Ivt,. March. Action of Bruck, in the defiles Seate of ic..I i with the blackcsti.. ,i'-i e these avie pr cipics' eight, blave aswer :ttlei the_, says, the rails are c.,-i.. tl.-. cir
-of io -ruck, anid taking of the latter place and e t t e revolution of thel t en tavitation he circle; andas I knowthe cir-
its Caslt. i r perfiy the generosity f the Frenchp ows'i omgnetism, &c. have in their tuens met ,is il cle mustbe more than 60 mleas in circumferenc-,
29th7l11arch. In the actions of this day he I send one f y a my propsion he stopgest opposition fri.; the most le.:ed will he tell us how far they 'are bent from a
took Clayer h, ocupid Lambach, and ths ae or d take nieiat characters giving at the time and after their dis- .i line, ec rail? There is a curious co-
y roc pied bs measures toi dis erse these obs;ifi-l; if .you tdoi not lit
coriTnleted the conquest of the Caribla, .Carin- deliver up the hisrigaotors of tie murders they ctvery hlt' iolu a de -trab thia opposition, incidence in the mn1i t- ,ihuesti i,, viz: the sides,
thn,,. th- district of Trieste, and tihe i yrol. .. .. I vW ar is declar-d. I','ive you ley i e too easily t leliLstrable to be contest- ) lhe square, 2 t.l I linti'e of lite riT le, are
31.Ac GencrSo Bonararteio he midst u d ie The ties of Charles the vitl- cont-n nT' 'e. both 6720 perches ; and the number uf paint,
.of iii trinmripIhs exhibits that i, ,. ...,. i i; .(ior 8h have ser he tn the It is not my :i .f, .:, -, discuss the probable, ot 1 0eet rails, orech side of the q .,,c :s,
Which he waI so .:-,,,iS,,l- conspicuous it{,....-- 0 .1 e. t- e he Shoresof the reality of M-r. Symms-'s theory, (being convi- 10,080 ; and, if the answers li.,It in the paper of
h is i. 1, I 1 ,he following letter to Prince ced of ito myself,) but to recomMrnd it0 once i..: 30th, thesides of the triangle n hs s
Chai'les. -howng Adriatic, sn f-ill riew ot Venice The nobility again to gernera:,notice.tit deserves so5ieth~ig bet- 10,0,130.
C harles. (as usual) take fght. The Doge a'uh... -, .., i n .... ..
SGreat soldiers make war, and desire peace. democracy is establishedas itD xisted heot'e the ter from "i6. -i-ented world than to let t itfail, wish the gentlemen to re-examine their an-
democracyia ei hout the expvilieint, into
The former has lasted six years, bas it not been revolution of 1296. 1 his spirit gains over all whichwithou t the -nex nt into in.ai,.lt an c, swetrs ; it will keep them from beingw'hat scho-
sat ilciently prolong.ed- Have we n.t slain men Ialy At2 '. oa, democracy takes root through it ut t ec y ntwhsanding the lrs call rusty.ppotin it s rece lendoangve fror.
enough, and done more than enough mischief to the labors of P Doria, under te name of thecouteance ardpproation it has receivec from Q
Ssuifiering humanity ?-She calls aloud for a ter- Lielrian Reps Pic soife of.our abest .1 ...h.,.. .
Ligurian Repntibic. T ere wiii hot II tti- l i i..en,' :r of
i on of these massacres. Europe, who took ., The French troops enter Venice. ft re, ill .. h, Mr SHmm addrel the TRE MO O'EAN GRE'KS.
up arms against the French Republic, has laid Jn.. He sends to he Directoire,.by Gen. theo 7ld ani 1 i ng his i tMr,. .ymt. ..adis ta the '
Ahem.down : your nation alone holds out, and Seruriar, u2 stands of colors, taken in the last wojby actua eprinient, he i. i. ..i "','I '.os rovonVl5tu'S 'rasVys.
its bloed is now to flow more than ever. This a..j so Itai y a, Ve by acual eperiment, the ci. 1 1 -
sixth .anpeoain is announced by sinister presa- -tey It l a-1 01 Venice. ory, if suflicicr. encouragement is aflbrded him Romei, (Runmans)-how much was I struck-with
fwha coin to~tr ~c S e ou imJ-ue Cotnvention -f MFontcbello, itwe n t ''' h e ew l tse h vod peig ou when I first heard the Greeks called
n oneos e n anid t o the iisoe th usandes ft Gen Bonaparte andthe deputies frtao Geoa. either northI or south. This cir.cunlar states his by it Fallen frono their ancient splendour, they
livernd then fithe o byreourege to ueia et' a t 4 T Ii Ca uilc lipic Ced P under- irte nation uf performing thee projected expedition nave loss. ita their liberty, with their days of
les andIfo then e ineat y eo aning an v underthe aus is ofGen. Bonapa 'tewoinlo cto the i paitie uar honor and benefit of such a- glory, even the name by which their forefathers
ot nig r or o V.iassions.ti m ust w ave, a e dorth interest or s the Dire torae erCo aL 1 mLan. Not con- tion" as all a or, hi rnc with its protection sand were known. C dI,dla r Sfsparta, inhabitants of
t epwithIftat st a te th t the- r a rssnt e ivn b inoe rcuh otenaTce.- Tine unagniteitle ofrthis undenda- Teges, of Athens, and, of Argos, all are con-
of wet' fontiue to slaugho ter each other You, pie sloa o tihen c C'h-ilh, i king, whasd the great iemeortcatee of ihe discovery bi holed under one general nawie ; an4 tdihat name
Sor i th a te throne are works art in Italy. At Milan, it addition attached to it, should, I think, excite the aid of takin from the Rolnans, their first conquerors,
and who are above those moserabie passiarontse t .oei t eq.ticrslne i hl set l.o Pans every philosophic mind, and every one who de- seissto have been present od bythe Mussulmans
hich too en nistes, .ad ,e Imany ratre uo u, s d 1ablue iiauscript, sites the advvancement of scientific disco cry. as a badge of humiliation ; for, in thle estimnation
whichr too or terrt tI- m in isters,a a te ; "Is,"e-
w .hi among tile ,a,.er ap rte'gtuahni esomgeda o thi B h-isw114nofitoecepararis, mthe n am e ofsRom ans
governments, are you prepared to merit tie in- ti .the ae. i.gl beln ed 1.e-. which is highly interesting and im-portant to tie f these barbaias, the name of Romans, of the
te of the b.nefactor ot mankind, and saviour t ie i. o o lts, e civilized world. Amnohg the nations of Terra t 1e ei., iis equivalent to that of vassal or
E. on,\ ? i. -'i conv,'ce nle sends also many precious re- Fira, Eugland, Friance, & Gerimay, stand eiai., slag e.
o e r ch n a n .co .d b ..h 'tics, part6 m. !y .ytir teour oho,'s..s in brunze,. e. .... .. ... wo_ In ore t o judge inopartially the Greeks
'D- noltsup ")ose I iean to insinuate that t is' y e t the t. !, t-.I,. forS their le learned philoso- n order to jS impartially the Greks
not osobr e fo- yo to sa ve your country by the m ah by hv j ph l ers; no isArmA i P 1 erica a great distance behind 'witn I have known, I wil eteavor equtlly to
,s it -o an. ot ,t e s ,.! t he horsestwt v'e, b ytieh cscTIeulr o those onarchical powers void the cavilling an faidious spirit of Mons', de
o da of enl ew. admitting that tile haucs ol .. vtem.tieo ngsi o vtose uionarchical'powers
war tmv trheO in your lavor-Gerr maihy will n 9e "-ef tre one'a t w lecd e. the .ime o 1have tougit it t e most glorious actions in their wasn't o the icar opinion pe1 ,m Guys,
., h i-S ". ,nadute r to e .e aew ret a namner of tro, ,e ,,In!!ho please ] himself'wth th i ,h e a that le had
tei honore wi il ti I Alihesorr shme Great Te -v hwere fst atnttthe Rine om reian, to encour'rc gc e b eerprize. o V1 p elreai gnhimsel ewith the idra teat le breal,
:oto them-ohFtlthie-en at 6 1, fra- a me ih nos iuim l hieal ar riewaded u th iade,Grees lmden Greece. It
If !he ovei tues I have the honor to make, &c, 1 ccvery ; wid by so doig Ve a ply rewarded ..
."t t sent to, Romtonen, dve'e they wenre ps 0ed y o ti theti. e oes ant i"e- th" wro"by ihe acqui- s certain that the Greeks i these days have, like
&yo w, thhtnte ,-ivg ti, Itaily, hI atch of Nero, andt at this be-gionning of.. .... t-aest le ro aqiti- oitra s, aphvsioenotasy e ecrir to tlaert selves
Prince Charles returns an evasive answer, u i 1 t o O te..l now, l'opitg t, re tievles hiis Iepuitatin inti lye sti.I the It century they were sent t, cnice. knv a n, Bc.a t e advauC0emen 01ctici c.nce b, unho-Ppity, ts phydiv t gomy tawkt its pint"-
o Isknoiiarlnt-ta, and ite advancmcehablno stne.t t o e u l ad
'heimds oiv he A;psl cver-c dWth snow-at this s a. t J uy. cn uiap tte .nisites Ro a.nra otht men will iy. it is unvis ic to c Cal. stic fo t h e te of slv. ery and
stn of the fear. Bu., wv th all his ta ents, i of tc- Captinhe isi e'C' a a y yo -elves, said n l t!Icre wie t indi idnmual enterpoize. it those oppression in which they are ,u .'..-: ,
lietho teelearin- tide ad bcnisraionimptictblic
an r t-', it iv a, ir vnllo that he suy 1t a1-ieti !ons that have sent forth ship of discovery t in t th Mosest esitially from tm the former inhab-
P.Isml suc'i. An titiv, cofn'manded b-tv s fc a th mads o c o i t'ad ti.uan01 ae acted, lmdiiiv hidune o m crellpuze would ints a thee c-sn elry. But whi is no, aias,! -:
-Is o h e e id tthe hoao e acted, o individual erierprize would o a ntso the country. b t h, a s no, s ,w ,th:
S .i G lop u oyor lginnu e ;profit a r io, -r u bh
is Bal e, every, wi om.'; ofht i t hfTne time e have. been annihilated,, b- nuls have been set to ato.e 'e ow uluchli te i'on rod of despoeaLim doe-
-genl 'al xt Botv paloe, everyaCIdie -uoxf whit !:- ,e iieti ,t .r. t, o It t ,-ii amon you to ,frra the great field Oi plhilosoiphyv, ,id the arts and the lt se i9a otios, a.a. well as imividuaiss ? Fur tihe
iolat, by the cis of i- hity, .a :del xpcsay, ce solid military esabliishmeni without ,hich,. shiua-
day to !thfa'.e T 1 hev French were t ays itn eethl e, t r s,' re asontrces have nourished only wioiur a cin'cuon- ''ice in e .r. oS it ....yve it l. t .e-
to ravery. Vi i' a tdas you are, you cat l have neither liberty, nor in- scie have fi tlt red only a int p a circumn rest, since t a c task I havew tder t ia is toI
toapr-.ri, in oneof his letters to Carno e t, 6 o-even onee. h e c e scribed spuic re-; anid the renolving planes and presenrahirigs as they ate, wittioutt feIL-i iii to
eviih deatia-they halte btecoate roper fectly fa- ipndeice.'" gravitateon in vain have termed upon our minds explain their causes, I will t mit4ier overcha rg
sJieWai thhe strian Cavalry, whom hey port e end B- their beautiful order, and motions, and airac- io' weaken the characteristics a people aeong
,li wn h tie Astria to o c al peresert a toey of tleotphtiese. hIn cis t 0c- nd te i n a safn e d, ay- b- e 1r t uto I wyis so longa as i inn- .
Sitntlin c oit- 'qu.1 thei itriot is colettter he represents ht Ias an xcellrnt GavnerMal, te 1e',e tnGndrekianne nbenants of n, o ietdnc
it is the A tiv with which they perform tle most w ,h rati ea his t n n compressed, anid se-ieice bee, an ,i. .,,1 ,,t1e t iorean Greeks, or inhabitants of More-a,
wh o, having bemucn wistd-cndto neon t le DmeRrOn rhis rlut ayn on len. nei, ne ie hct by,
f'orcm dt narches-they siug, at the same time, a'e o t'-Ia .pt 5of the. t name. But this whinisical idea of arr sting en- restrong made, robust, and diistlguishsd by a,
the hyns of their county and the sugs of love- leca e one Oti l t ofrs othei y i erprize done away -with, and our thouhits can, cast of features full of expiressiuu, yet, as I have
you would th-ik 'that ton then arriving at thaceir :ly, an' t i : mot ncessar. cs ry to isg '' wly th ', .,,.. : l ,.h traverse the greatnihmita- observed, evidently debased by siav-ery. Endow I
Yet this same iti'naohteree not only bnqirav orn o n tsiml bo e h n i --'etay Wth stran s wh ich byee he
sodvoaacs, they would at least sek shileep & rest- i ook up ar s" agas anc -l puo'ti n pbay le oul exp. st. ct of created n-Ature ; adopt theories, e naturally o ith strong taleaits, wlfich by cei-
not they-each tdis his story and lays h plas u si raw conclusions, and raise science f,,..a i,:. cumstances are divert ad front teakilg a COtrse
nte, m e en e th am o Pn October. All France is agitated by the fears of it t a rc or t th issfyn l, iih the y ar tprofundlis aiys iis
them have a very just idea. f iit It is not an unwise oiicv for Aneica io coun- etal to society, they ae protoud ist.ber,
SIst pril, Action in the defiles of Ncuamark- p ot it t d enurage such noble undertokinss crafty, aned ,vabn : extremely addticed to 1 ,d,
takingt that town and Friensack. General Bona- pn'otrated lnegotiations with Austria. Geni. Bao- fgenius.. On the cbmdr.,rv, it will bespeak uhle yiule dpendance is to be placed upon what th y
parte writes thus to the If the ar- .....of a liberal spirit, a dec to promote ay e ttera i ogno scruples of pjuring- them
m y of the R hine seconds m e, I will go to Vienmna; the dai l no-lta t-c hes Pr scu adB btiys ti e A tr~gue Z Lo advance -pi. i t a desio n e It is nreithosote 0or' t t i sc r upl es of a ew u l ino tm m c
and if they do ntot, I will go to Vienna." pienipoteniies trough British intrgue, s, ains, the spirit of her ats dor her' constitutiioi, btr the itest triliing article, without invok-
3d dpril. Action of Hundninark.--cpture of it, seizing as wa ite-full of r sii, frorela his sthrewa tile undertaking is une which will warram t ing a lwhyle i'en tf saints as witnesses to their
ritenfeld, Murau, Jundenberg, and Schtfiling, t he use of a few iips, or noney, or- 'e, while p'robity. (Lay, hvcJy, inciiled tu dis~UaLion, Uley
the snow three feet in depth, and the clouds it on e floor-" It is lios (atd h) sie you the honor antd the credit of tie discovery of a '-lake themselves agreeable, as coirpanions, with-
flying below the army. will have it. so, that I wil alshatter ad dissociated o d l edonrdo to e. .y ut inspiilag co.hidence; possessing active ina-
4tf bt h Genesae pursues, on ho Germanic empire." Toi~s rude energy had new world will redound to her. w -
I l d f I h But, the idaa of a world within A world is ridi-;"It>tious, tui language abu, ;vuh.,-.acnt,
ethe route to Vieana, tioe colunen coitmnhansded by n o l ht cui iv some as chimerical. Who hs so bold as with i -',. .it. metaphors, wth simies ; if
'hince Charles and, that ohich evacuated th the vantnisher ofhaly otined the olive'of peace to say tlhat this idea is in reality ntiiliug more trey .Itk I liberty it is in a stUin of exgge-

7th Jprit. Suspension of arns fiom this deiite at, f th ace nwhthpo aair- t n Is there t the same ae ready 0 udetak, a,,y, tn-, l make ay
day to the 13th. The French were then dthinmuns t'he Neth 'lu ", acknowledge; then-; reason to believe the fact of oun globe being con- sacriices im the pursuit of it ; yet it is ut0 evn-
6ml sof idepeuedeustce of the Italian republic, at coiisents the Cosmt of Spain, or'aty man in Eu- dent that the inchgnauon ahey safest ag s
a iiner.d 'sn orvel, sent by ofacirs tle the ooening ofaCor hd reasons to believe that there was an eir oppr. ssors, arises .lss Ir.-m the tlcsite oh
to (ancral Bonapanle (in-Ironseqence of his let- to t ir Conr, e k nws e.dge t th uIndiscovered coenurentt Has not Mr. Svmmes enfi'anchis-im ent hli..i him itai at sesmg inteir
petsnor of a rnts. it answer to teteir nole, General Cisaiptie re'iuhlir, ant Ge. Il.mnpar-te, satisfied theoretically proved his assertion of concentric own rade ot worship tie p,'edo,,ant one. i.
Beonon ofarms. Otw this oohet,r prepares to leave /milan. rhees,&c. And who has vet beea able cffi is btt s-so eviseont ahlat is to be expected 0l peo-
th ei.id ...m .8-T 'resi ,ns the cieaily to confutie his assertions? I dare say Pte at-luateal by auclt an ailbtin. -' ,ie .,e-
Sim. the military position of the two armi a corat.ii of the anrny esf Itrily, nid leaves Milar the-ere are' nuet at d tlat none can be le und. Is n cenodarts oy .I,,. ,.i- ,.d Citt, bowed down
susoe-ns>.iof'arms is highly disadvantaS ou o toipresid inttie re here uot the same reason tu believe tis theory under the iwo-iold hespoitism of the l'erks ai-d
thhe Frea cb. t BUit, with the ..:|. S.,ii,.i,, it will to prsd tme t lagetion at of his as to ^ ,lace implicit iaitlh in every Ilanet's their' papas, are who-oy incapable of cocimeivmg,
leath to peaceso nuich wanted and so behneficaal oh fadOtadt., tnnit being ihabited. And yet the one is ridiculed ot- prosecuting, an enierpiise of thit bold scud
aiwionuata lio is sge a Rich-ta d t,, bctoi-act an.' Bone^ -as the wild speculations of a madman, -dnd the generous nature rdqumsLoe to aflbrd a pr-.sect oti
paths.boud naiot y w Cobenithchmsit mitelionis sgnedateRdstath-btwenn-eon other receives credit with the most enlightened, their restoration to .he p -licacl stui.uiitn mtt
th Bpri Generat Boer aparte occupies the evvcuations of the sonarmes. -t was thntn le e teist simply because "e coitry' once ehyed he n -dii eek, I
City and Castle oh Gatz, in conft-rntity to an sr-a received the treaty of Cannpo -r *no, rat1ficd by p proceeds alroin the br-ain of a Newton, and the cannot, ilas 1 he-sitate to say it, would ace Oitmii g
tide in the agreement flr the .l.-.-. tn of thne EterotCr01- Francis II. oth'er- from thaat of a Symmcs ? [ fear it does. in a resoluti,.:" but the triitmph ufAS ho ir reuigiem,,
arms- _th .Deeember. .Gen. .-.-,,,-. 'iv-es at Paris Our country carmnot, as yet, boast of many emi-: without conce.idng >ho.rsel,. s about p.itt
9t/i prit. At this nioment sanguinary scenes covered with gtory. Pieal. of g-ra'iitue and ad- neat :hailtosphers; among whom, however, out- cal liberty, I must add, i,,,, il they hate Lhe
take i.lace in Ve, ice. The Setate disavows all mirto, retm the air whritever tihe cnuoroqnni'f It,', 5,, h p'e-emiroent station ; he who Turks, they diest m.:ch more, asiomshalg ast t
yet lhe Frt-och csoiiinue to be iussassiitated. Italy made Iis appearance; public and private sinphy by thc aid of a silken tlhread and kite niay scema, the Cirlist^lie ; Wls s ck,o.,iege ohe
i ,3th .ipit. The day on which the suspension etfrt ~ments ocpie .,. a y din- could extract from the *cioudt their most destruc- authority cf tile Pope. This lact is so cci tasn
of arm expired. General Bonparte, by amas- gshed ay of fasi, lw th, Geneal to t ove w iapons, and one of the nost singular phc- that the Greeks, if asked who they a e, adwvys
terdy manoeuvre, envelopes the army of Prince no nerf,'ates said to him one daat tormengreat at.cana of na.. tral philosoplhy; answer ('/i -, ,I, in the fear lima l,-;,y itould
Charle,', but, n';.gnammous to a fault, waits the ; ... thes...i.tes sad .. 1-i one........ ilr to.mc.t. and ov and who, by virtue of a a.innue sli of iron. hold he taken for PItssli. TIdhis hatred of R aiman

ng w er usome WCaWlictis h isdabytth papas, wi0-ar1
arrival of the Plenipotentiaries, hourly expected ca rt i L i l n tob hold them at defianc, rendering them subservient to Ca-hoic. cherisd by thei papas, who are
from Vienna. e t e ieno of Italye i this wobe sa d th G-n t -aG the purposes of maIn. Boast, then, Americans continually talking of the .maledictions uttered by
18th dp.it. General Bellegrade and Nubber- ~ thegod mother of a ', laud 'him to tle skies ; but, having clono this,wviti- the Pope against, all who are im.t is dis, iplebs,
ved signed, in the presence of thc Emperor Fran- th December.l He is called to the command of hold your- approbation of philoso hic genius util ald telling dismal stories of the Greeks that die
cis 2d, at the Chateau of Eckenwaid, near Leo- the army of England. Symes shall tell you of the more secret and ad- among the Latins being deprived of the rights
ben, the preliiunar'ies of peace previously agreed 10th IDecember In the mid-.t ofthe mostbril- miable works of Nature's God. Newton, Sir of sepulture. h
on with General Bona,,arte, when three distin- liant ceremony, followed by festivals such as Pa- I 1 Davy, D. Priestly-, &c. of England, Lavoisier p hav hn rspecting tn._
guished noblemeni of the Imperial Court were rifrutfu in these displays, had never witnessed, of France, and a numerous host of that philan- tioves that would actuate the Greeks in under-.

staking a.revolution, is -1V;'.:.".1 Cry r imuch by
what passed in 1770. At sight of the victorious
banners of Catherine, the whole Morea hastened
to arms; the Creeks, assembling tr-.,it. to-
..!i:., iu,..iiin -'y without older, and without
S. [ b '.n:.l themselves at leisure in the
blood of the Mussuhnans ; not because they saw
! i'!L-.- tyrannical oppressors and formidable en.
,emies, but .c-'- ... C-r infidels. They
thought n...r.'-,I '. i.., the profanation of
their .niK-, ..nd the persecution of the Christ-
ian i,-.:.- t, *... 0 .. i Il, '.,;T 0, yoke of sra-
very which bore so heavily upon them. ',.,
minds were too weak, their character too va-cil-
lating~ to permit of their ideas b"Tia directed to
an end so noble as the general t..:... ,.
of the country.. Thus, when ... .u ', we s.,
them quietly ,>...ii,- out their neuLksa o Ci"
merciless conquerors, instead' of m..retch
thii. ri.clt the defiles of their mou.ta's, d
there penis.hing.with their arms in their :ads. [t
is true, that the r, i.-.iv tfor waicih they thought
ottered them the crown of martyrdom, and this
they received with astmuch transport as if it iiad
been the blood of the iviussuhnalias with which
they' aw their lands dyed, instead of that ,f their
o,Wn iarty-. Such men may be good Ch i.,r..,
but they.are bad cki-,r ,.ii 'Lf ,i, v.i..-, their
children, ald their country. It i.s .i .-.i i which.
Las crisodtidated, for so many agei, th. ..l. a .rc of
the Gre.:ks. .
Besides the above causes for believing'that this
.-ery is not likely to be near its ter inttion,
there is another belonging to the icnr"-:-.ri- of the
people, which will operate not l .1 .:.; ., and
that is, the jealousy by which they are' divided
among n- i, .co* L. fhe tyranri ..i ,!- ire ccr-
cised by the aubaltern ageats..,1 ...i i, ithiOi
.t ie- n,. *j.e,;-l of their exactions, the codja-
bachis, who are taken from am i,. thi Gi.C;,
presents the greatest of all obstacles to the pro-
gress of liberal and iig .d..I r,,ir,,is amono
tweir brethren. I .must hlre mike an exception
in favor of the island of Chios. To the honor of
the magistrates and of the .,i ii h.:ia, it must be
said, that such governors an.l -ich :i 1 .:,l '.l ,ive.
reason for entertaining the most flattering expec-,
tation from th-, p .it -. of reason among them.
For tueIest, I relate what I have seen,.with the
probable inferences to be drawn from it, without
pretending to give then as absolutely necessary
consequences. If, besides, to what has been said
above, an insatiable love of power, a i'sl-iss and
quarrelsonei disposition, and a spirit of intrigue
which seems innate in-the ,ict ',, itic-re nall ap.
pear little reason to hope tl. ,A uniiun .tna,..,eT
such persons can speedily'be l.-, uicdi upi..n tht.
grand and enlarged scale I ni.i .l...,e could af-
ford a prospect of their ancient splendor being
i; toi d. Such aee the modern' sons of Greece;
atleast such they appeared to me. IPIC pi, rure.,
I will own, is not flattering; but my pen has been
guided by truth alone, and this is [he ok-ject to
which the first liO.:i. of : ) n, iLrt l- indispu-
tably due.

S,\S committed to the jail iu St. .ar courity, in
t Leonardtcwn, Md. on the 24th dA *,ji'.; ,, .
as a runaxsay, a negro nian, by the :,ir,- .,t t \tit'.
Says he belongs to Jonathain B. Bensor t,. .... i ,.lit,,n
7.:, ..I..%... county. Harry appears to be about 26
*:. ,, .. **t -, ; ,' i.s high, has two scars, one on
the .- ct. -k -, ,:., .in i, fl',rt-lc.1 Ii ,with
hit m ."l u ,_ -i c.{ ti'lr [, ii[ -rn, [,n ; e,.rr-.e, -' m irts,
-Th ,.- r i i. ,i -. i 0 i request-
ed to come and rele -. ;. :. ,i ii. ier., .5- Lu will
be. discharged according to law.
sep 7-w3'w "Shif- St. Mary's County.
'The editors of theFederal I!. I' -, i and
Ea,ton Star, Easton, Md. are i, -,-,i -.i i ,,hne', the
above once a week for three v '-., .d -... rt r ac-
counts to W. T. M.

: E' UNION 1V'I':kV LN! -
,*i ITUATFr'Di s criijetown, District o oulumbia at
'. resent occupied by Mr. T')ov.n Craw',- a now
fir rent 'iTTis well .,wn wi ot'e! csss fV-yatsa-
ta,'e and convr.nie ce whbcii public h,,use can poisably
req.-re. The holee e-*,.alsh.na ont, ricludinr stab;.ag,
&,-. i; '.- :. :trie most spacious aid ele 'ant: of any na
the Dis.riCt of Coiumb,, as, is as weil located for the
;ic(ommoditiioni o! members oCt'oigreiiqs ad others wbose
buiie.. ,s inay ca' then, to tha Zt'I' rict
Possession can be hadi on the first of November or lst
December next, had the present tenant can accouar o-
dt. any nes,)n who wishes to remi :. i .,' desiraile
tawvrn wita Anvy quantity of toi best funitura. thowe
who wish Io ret ishad better apply immrnda-aeiy, person-
May or by better, to either of tiee subscribers, residing in
Georgietown, D C. '
1iCilAltD .i3 URGESS.
N. b. All the Baltimore, Alexandr'ia, -Anliapolis, and
Frelericktown S 'aes ar. rnnni:ie to and from tOe Union
Tavern eveiy day, and thei e liiis are well knownto be
equs: to any in the United Stites,
s p 7 -t'f ,
The editors c-f the Baltimore American will insert tie
above e until further orders, anl send their account to
C. or B. '

'HiS is to give notice, that the subscriber hath ob-
a_ tinedih-im ithe Orphltas' Coturt of Prince George's
County, ii i.ulryliiiid'h ieft- rs te.stameRstarv in ihe g-tila,
-:a' tels, a d personal estate of ionert Sewahl, italc of
said count y, dtceaseId.
All persons having claims against the satd deceased
re hereby s,'trned to e:('- bi; tlhe sane, with tile vouch-
ers erof, properly auteliienticaotd to the stub-cr iber, on
h_, be 'ire the 1st day of atthuelh nexw; the) may otherwise,
iv la b,- excluded from al beefiet of said estate.
Given under my har,1 this 27t!l day of August 1821.
it')u,l' Ut. 5-WAL.L, exec'r.
Efj'The execulir require. aIl lithose indebted to the
.* .ale io come forward and iiakl payment or other set-.
o.let within six months otherwise, they will be pro-
i( It d. agmaist according to law. r

C. rHl t ..:\a J, ii,\ LIA\iA's,ai. n ve.o l- gland, lft
? r, port ot Nean easr e, u;.on i yne, to 1773, then a-
"bo.ve u ) tars O! age, in t, e ca;usiit' of ,eamna an.,; arriv-
-ii a' Nor 1k, in Virginm i omr whence hlie proceeded to
rtsoortl.h inII N w-iJainpsliire, whitc 'e wrote hIs
'.ietid.s in July, 177.3. r; soon >;i-i lui-sads left Ports.
,n uth ifr tie slat ,, i V'i.; .iiu, xi here le itended to
,ettre (,wlat pa.t is .a : .') in hiis letter, dated in
Jly, 177 ;, he sta;ei ;> -..'jc ..ainted witii a Mr- Car-
lisle, o' Aiex.iidria, ij i a .a, who had been friendly
him. Ih is therero ici, prei-imlned, if he returned to
Vi1'iniai as appea-r s to l:t.i b1 f-i h isi -rltnt .lc i hsat lie
wi-oiil. -ai iion ?,hr Cn- ,r!; ', atd probdbly seitie itf
A e-xatdori-. or oiotw hi;i procii--,liln a.t- a seanian trom
tiat ,or t. if the ii .Ui ,iihn B,.r1iS s ring-, or has left
lw> Ai i. e, her ii a'-il hea r I tu their uiva.n-

age by .aniyng to r ...... ,-. of F'reorieks-.
b'is in 'V'iruiia; ail, lif dk.,d, canj person nwho will
s',( i sch i t t t oiti t the s;idl \i. iia, i! Muir as to
enblr- li hi to procuWe sa(;uthctory proof of tih fact,
;,,11 'a" entitled to S'20, wich ill be pid by tu said
Fredericksbur Va. sep -I- 2si2w
.f e e ipij r. Ii O
Of evoe" descition e'ec(ued at t's 0_Jice.