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National intelligencer
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00029
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: March 22, 1821
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00029
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text







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Vol. XXII. WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, MARCH 22, 1821. l No. 3179'


PUBLtSHI{D BY GALES & SEATON, I COMMUNICATIONS.
aIInEE TIMES A WES K uI UrNG TILE SESSION OF CONGRESS
ANTn TWICE. A WERK IN r'liE E TO10 HOMO.
Price, "L' a year,--sx dollars P Payable in advance I
For six months,, four dollars 5 Elysium, 12th Feb. 1821. 0. 8,
Those suseriing for a year, wo o ot, either at tie time of .
ordering the paper, or subsepletldy, give notice of theirwisht ,y oV tj Friend: His ,ajesty King Phito,
to have the paper ,diseoniinued at the-expiration of their year, being just about tp send a despatch to th'e Holy
a .i it "llsli s contse in t t tle option Alliance, at, Leybach, I have. prevailed oh the
o the editomts. messenger, who is really a good natuted devil,
l about half fitted, or thereabouts, to~take charge
*of this letter. He takes Washington in his way,
S'- "1' i- 1' s'mne reason that I cantt f.lthom, aid' has pro-
---'----- -' '. o'-. n.ied to deliver this in pc sn. Dut ie alarm-
ed, therelot c, if you should be encountered by an
WEDNESDAY, MARCH '21. odd looking figure,.some three feet two inches
high, dressed in flame colored satin, with flint
Buttons, 'and a mouth like-a'gold bushed touch
An important act has just passed the legisla- hole. He is,as aid before, a harmless imp, of
turc of the state of Pennsylvania, entitled i An tthe salamander breed, and, if he hates any thing
act fori the improvement of the state."' The ap- in the world, it is a bull frog, for the special rea-
propriations of money therein contained exceed son that they inhabit the opposi e Clenients of.fire
and water' You mnay laugn at. this, but, it you
suo uc; besides a guarantee .to pay 6 per n w ma 1 i .1 *
'. 111 b e a luok round onr the causits of hostility that usually
cent. interest per annum on l45-,,.uv, for 25 set people together by the ears 'in your world,
years, as an encour.gcment to new subscribers to thry ill general) be found about as rational and
the stock of the Schuylkill and Susquehainna important.
Canal Company, making a grand total for the ,Your last letter came safe to hand, being deliv-
onstruction and improvement of roads and ca- red to me, with great dexterity, by a little fellow
construction and improvement who offliciates as cockswain to old Charon, and
nals, equal to ,1,250,000. to whom I gave an obolus, with which he was so
An act has also passed the legislature of the well pleased that he cut three capers, wonderful-
same state, to provide for the erection of a State ly high for a lad of his inches. I forgive your
Penitentiary wv hin the city and county of Phila- triumph upon occasion of the renewal of the Dis-
delphia, to be calculated to contain 250 prison- trict Bank dsi ters, especially as I have little
SI I ; doubt but that most of them will die a natural
ers. For the purchase of the site, and thereon deatl long before their legal period of existence
erecting the Penitentiary, a hundred thousand expires. Though reprieved for the present, they
dollars arc appropriated, will most likely pine away, like rogues in prison,
The bill to establish a Loan Office in that state and expire before the time of execution arrives.
has been rejected. The idea, however, of marrying two banks to-
b rjtdgether is highly new, as well as amusing. Con-
The republicans of Connecticut have again sidering the prolific nature of these institutions,
nominated Oliver Wolcott, for governor, 'and such a union cannot fail of producing a plentiful
Jonathan Ingersoll, for lieutenant governor of brood of ragged urchins, that will be seen running
that state, to be supported at the ensuing elec- about in pairs, o begging in the gallery of Con-
t ion. gress, after the manner of those promising little
citizens who, I suppose, still exhibit their dirty
faces there, as usual. But let us quit this ever-
SAVANNAH, (GEOR.) MARCH 9. lasting topic, and proceed to other'matters more
General Bernard, Col. Totten, Capt. Poussin, polite and interesting, as touched upon in your
of the United States' Corps of Engineers; Capt. last letter,
Elliot, and midshipman Howel, of the Navy, ar- Your first enquiry is concerning the estimation
rived in this city yesterday, from Charleston, in in which certain famous poets of Great Britain,
the revenue cutter Gallatin, capt. Matthews. now living, are held by the critics here. Luckily,
Their object is to examine the different fortifica- I am able to satisfy you fully on this head, having
tions along the southern coast. We understand lately been presentat a conversation on the sub-
thatthey will embark in a few days to the south. je- between Longinus, Horace, Boileau,Dry,
ward of this port, and will visit Amelia and St. den, Swift, and others of the best critics of an-
Augustine. It is rumored, but we will not vouch cientt and modern times. Though I used to for-
,for the truth of it, that they have orders to receive get your arguments, yet I remember every word
possession of Florida, il the name of the United they said ; for memory, you know, is a soit of
States. honest hodsmarn, who supplies the citizens with
s s of .- re bricks and mortar, and otlh.r mater'ial.- for '-i
Progress of Fredo.-An order has been works, which could not go on without them. Per-
sent out from Spain, under the signature of the fect knowledge, which I have said constitutes
King, to allow the importation of all books, with. the happiness of this region, obviously cannot be
out distinction, into the Spanish provinces. We attained or preserved without a perfect memory,
are told that many respectable individuals, bothin whichh is accordingly one of the attributes bestow-
La Guayra and Carracas, who formerly appeared ed upon all who come hither. But, for the pur-
to be possessed of such books only as were tole- pose of shortening this letter, I will merely give
rated bj the Inquisition, immediately on the pub- the general outlines of the conversation to which
location of the above order, exhibited splendid refer. ,
and valuable libraries.-Bermuda Gazette. It was obsorvdi that the present fashionable
Th lad school of poetry in Great Britain was exceedingly
The Island of Nantucket is famous for its nu- deficient in several qualities and characteristics
mnerous sheep. It is said, that out of 20,000 of the art. They began with Walter Scott, whose
sheep, the late severe weather killed about 500. poems, it was sta were wanting in variety o
Eight vessels, principally ships of the largest character, manners, sentiment, and description.
size, are now building on the Merrimack. His characters were all of one family, and pos-
Ssessing a family likeness; their manners were
The Duchess of Norfolk, recently deceased in nearly all of one nation, one age, and one cast;
England, has left large family estates, which,she partaking of -lawless heroism, combined with a
having no near relation, descend to three persons, sordid love of plunder, a calculation of gain,
who inherit the property as the heirs to a per- which took from their exploits all the credit due
soni who was born near three hundred years ago. to adventurous chivalry, and gave the performers
the air of mere vulgar desperadoes, who did not
Le.gi.atr f ofLouisiana,-The bill for the re- mind risking their necks in robbing hen roosts, or
,io~ l or the Seat of Government was rejected in setting fire to stacks corn. The sentiments of
the Senate on Monday the 15th January ire to stacks of corn. The sentiments of
the Senate on Monday the 15th January. his poems also partook, of course, in the same
i The first section of the bill (which declared the uncouth hardihood, the same barbarous disre-
seat of government should be removed after De- gard of the purer and more refined sources of
cember, 1823) was adopted by a considerable ma- intellectual power, as well as the more lofty and
jority, but the difficulty of fixing upon the place raised enthusiasm which gives to poetry its charm
where it should go produced the rejection of the and isusefulness. With respect to his descrip-
b.ll:-thc votes were, tions of natural' scenery, many of them were un-
For Baton Rouge, 18 20 doubtedly beautiful. Yet still they wanted vari-
Donaldsonviile, 15 23 ety. Like those of Ossian, the materials and
St. Francisville, 15 23 combination were almost all too much alike, and
Alexai)dria, 17 21 we at length became tired of the blue mists of the
bSt. James, 11 24 one, as well as the everlasting blue lakes, blue
On the question, Shall this bill pass ?" the mountains,, gray rocks, and white forests of the
tote was 19 yeas and 20 nays. other; The Lay of the Last Minstrel, the first of
Mr. Scott's poems that attracted the attention of
the world, charmed by its novelty, as well as by
ON PAUPERISM. its real and intrinsic beauties. Had it remained
EmOR THE FA'TIONAL GAZETTE. alone it would have been quite a Phoenix, but
The Committee of the General Court ef Mas- the Phoenix never come in flocks. It was in truth
sachusetts, to whom was referred, at the last ses- the magazine from whence the principal materi-
sion of that Court,- the consideration of the pau- als of his succeeding works were' drawn ; and
per laws of the Cummonwealth, have made a re- the weariness which accompanies the perusal of
port, which presents some striking facts and im- these latter arises from the fact that we are tread-
portant views appertaining to the subject of pau- ing over and over again the sameground, with
perism in general. We offl'er thie following pas- nearly the same company, under different names.
sage of the report, as containing the opinions of The scene of Rokeby was indeed laid on the
able men, who appear to have been anxious and other side of the Tweed, .but it only demonstu'a-
diligent in procuring the best data for judgment : ted that, as Mr. Scott's heroes wei'e no heroes at
"1. That, of all the modes of providing for the poor, all out of the debateable land, so Mr. Scott him-
the most wasteful, the most expensive, and most injuri- self was not so great a poet when he ventured
oas to their morals, and destructive to their industrious beyond that region of inspiration.
habits, is that of supply in their own families. It was further observed, that, although pro-
"'2. That the most economical mode is that of alms bably Mi'.
houses, having the character of work houses, or houses Sinite va cott night have intended that the in-
of industry, in which work is provided for every degree finite variety in the measure of his verse should
of ability in the pauper, and thus the able poor made to atone for thie want of variety in almost every thing
provide, partially at least, for their own support, and else, yet this it regularity was certainly a blemish
also to the support, or at least the comfort, of the ir- of no smali magnitude., It communicated an air
potent poor.
3. That, of all the modes of employing the labor of of slovenly inaccuracy, of disrespectful carcless-
thie pauper, agriculture affords the best, the most heal- ness, which, however beautiful in an ode, as in-
thy, arid the nost certainly profitable; the being thus dicating a degree of enthusiasm beyond the con-
enabled to raise always at least their own provisions. trol of rules, was certainly scarcely tolerable in
,4. That the success of these establishments depends a long narration. Slill, even this irregularity
upon their being placed under the superinitendance of a h I a
Board of Overseers, constituted of the most substantial night have pleased in a single poem perhaps ;
and intelligent inhabitants of the vicinity, but, when carried through several, in rapid suc-
-' 5. That, of all causes of pauperism, intersperance in cession, it lost its ci'aams of variety, and acquired
the use of spirituus liiquors i the most powerful and a character of tcditt.':-;imu',,ityo y unrelieved by
universal."


LEGHORNS! LEGHORNS!
T' nHE subscriber has just received one case Leghorns,
JL containing 150 Bonnets, from No. 30 to 50. They
are superior to any in the District, ard will be sold 25
per cent. cheaper than can be purchased in town. The
Ladies are respectfully invited to call and see.them be-
fore they buy. He assures them they can purchase a
handsome Leghorn Bonnet, or fat, or fiat, tor one half the mo-
ney they could six months ago, at his Store, Bridge st.
Georgetown.
mar 21-eo6t SAML. CHILDS.
The Alexandrian and Alexandria Gazette will copy
the above six times in their respective papers, and send
their accounts to S. Childs for payment.
TO RENT, FIRST OF APRIL,
A TWO story brick House, near to Gen. Van Ness's
and adjoining Mr. Carbery's, with back building,
&c. and garden. Enquire of Mr. Van Coble, carpenter,
near the Post Office, or to Mr. Julik.n, F, street.
mar 21--3t
MARSHAL'S SALE.
IN virtue of a writ of fieri facias, issued from the Cir.
cuit Court of the District of Columbia, for the county
of Washington, to me directed, I shall sell, at public sale,
for cash, on 'the premises, on the 20th day of April next,
all the right, title, and interest, of Samuel Black, of, in,
and to, the following described piece or parcel of grounit,,
with the buildings thereon erected, viz. lot No. 3, iu
square No. 503, in the city of Washington. Seized and
taken in execution as the property of Samuel Black, and
will be sold to satisfy a debt due to Clem'ent T. Coote
and Raphael Jones.
Sale to commence at 10 o'clock, A. 'tM
TENCo RISNGGOLD,
mar 21-eots Mar. Dist. Col.
MARSHAL'S SALE.
N virtue of a writ of fieri facias, issued out of the Cir-
cuit Court of the United States, fur the county of
Washington, to me directed, 1 shnal expose to public
sale, on the 21st day of April next, for cash, all the right,
title, and interest, of William Lee, of, in, and to, the fol-
lowing described real estate, lying ard being in the city
of Washington, viz: tite two story brick house, with the
ground thereunto attached, and all other improvements
thereon, in square numbered 168, at present occupied
by Mr. Nicholas B. Van Zandt. Seized and taken in
execution as the property of William Lee,.and will be
sold to satisfy debts due to Benjamin L. Lear, and Grants
and Stone.
Sale to commence at 11 o'clock, A. M. on the premi-
ses. TENCTI RINGGULD,,
mar 21-dts Mar. list. Col.
MARSHAL'S SALE.
IN virtue of two writs oflfieri facias,issued out of the Cir-
cuit Court of the District of Columbia, for the county
of Washington, to me directed, I shall expose to public
sale, on the premises, on the 22d day of April next, all
the right, title, and interest, of William Lee, of, in, and
to, lots numbered 4 and 5, in square No. 77, in the city
of Washington, together with the houses and other im-
provements thereon erected. Seized and taken in ex-
ecutionjas the property of William Lee, and will he sold
to satisfy a debt due to Darius Clagett. ,
Sale to commence on the premises at 12 o'clock, M.
TENCHI RlINGGOLl),
mar 21-dts Mar IDist. Col.


.JVovel Occurretice.-A letter .directed to a
person in this town, which had not been taken up'
at the Post Office,, and was of course, at the end'.
of three months, transmitted to the General Post
-Office as a dead letter, was recently returned to the
Post Office here, on account of its containing mo-
ney. The writer stated'that he had, sometime ago,
cheated the person to whom the letter was di-
rected, and enclosed a, five dollar bank' note, as
restitution.and recompence ; advising,- at the
same time, that, if the recipient had cheated any
one, ,he should "do likewise." The receiver
declares he has no kiibwledge of the writer, and'
observes that he has beela-cheated by so many,
he cannot even guess at the individual.
[rPr;u.r .!LC. i&.?.

COMMERCE.
In thedfluctuations of mercantile speculation,"
there is something captivating to the adventurer,'
even independent of the hope of gain. He who'
embarks on that fickle sea, requires to possess
the skill of the pilot and the fortitude of the na-
-vigator, and, after all, may be wrecked and lost,'
unless the gales of fortune breathe in hlis .favor.
This mixture of necessary attention and inevita-
ble hazard ( the frequent and awful uncertainty
whether prudence shall overcome fortune, or for-
tune baffle the schemes of prudence, affords full
occupation for the powers, as well as for the feel.
ings of the mind; and trade has all the fascina-
tion of gambling, without its moral guilt WVhat
is the pursuit of hazardous trade but ".1 lir q ?
It is the most dangerous'sort of speculation, hav-
ing all the ,attraction of example, without the re.
pulsion of public opinion to counteract its in-
fliende.j

FOR SALE.
I URSIJANT to the last will and testament of Thomas
0. Williams, late of Prince George's County, on
Monday the 23d of April, will certainly be sold, at pub
Ie; sale, on credit, on the premises, abouiit 1500 acres of
valuable Potomac Land, lying in Montgomery county.
This land is situated 23 miles from Georgdtown, and 2
miles fro.., the Seneca Millis adjoining tile lands of Tho-
mas Peter, and including part of Sugar La (bottoms.
The snil is well adapted to the cultivation oftobacco and
all small g-ain. Plaster acts as quick on those lands as.
any an Maryland, and with a very small expense would
produce equal to anv land in Loudoun, s they are pre-
cisely the same so If is cultivatedin 4 or 5 div'sioos,
having on each a comfortable d'.. 'l.; and'barns, stables,;
and tobacco house. It will ie 3.il]l in small tracts, or
the whole, t>> suit purchasers. The purchasers to give
bond, with approved security. Terms made known on'
the day ot sale
',,o,, will oe sold, in the city of Washington, on Mon-
day the 16th of April, on the premises, aA 4 o'clock, P.
M. lot No. 4, in square No. 121, bounding on street
north, a small distance west of the President's House.
terms made know at the sa'e by
WVM Wi. ItIJAMS,


SHANNONDALE SPRING. feb 20-2awts exec'r of Thos. 0. WVliams.
r THE undersigned has rented the Shannundale Srring,
.L situate within five miles of Charlestown, Jefferson CAPTAIN JOHN PHILP'OT.
county. Va. The buildings commenced last summer,and 'WHi.heirs of the late John Philpot, Shipmaster of the
4 additional brick buildings, will be finished in due time. T Island of Bermuda, are hereby informed that a con-
It is scarcely necessary to state, that the Medicinal quaii- siderable amount o."property left by him is in the hands
ties of the Shannondale are'nearly the' same with those of of his last employer, wh4o is anxious to transfer it to
the Bedford water; by some it is considered even more those who may be entitled to receive it. Capt. Philpot'
efficacious in.bilieus diseases. ,came to Bermude from Nantucket (when a lad) in the
He will be ready to receive company by the first of .tu- yver 1785, and died in-1817, without leaving a Will. It
ly certainly, perhap1i sooner. He promises to rendu is supposed that he had sisters residing in some part of
every comfort and accommodation in his power. the Eastern States.' For particulars apply to
J. STEPHENSON. TUCKER & DIARIES,
Martin.burg, mar 2cTf mar'6--2Sawlm No .29 South Street, Ntew,.York:


R UAO O NEw YORE, MARh B,
any beauty of grace or proportion. .Without iNTERNAL REGULATIONS OF FRANCE. Several sta EW YORK, MARecent b
doubt, this total dJisretr.'-i of regtilarity in the Several stances of fraud have recent bee
construction of his- verse, otiad this adherence to A late number .of the Edinburgh Review, in. discovered in this city by the importers of Fenich.
uniformity in his characters andl scenery, Won- an excellent article on the situation and internal godand vciterdayi.circumstance wadeveloped
deitfully contributed to the anaz.ng rapidity with regulations of France' gives the folloWing ac-. which caused a considerablee aiarm amongst that
which Mr. Scott produced his poems in:suc- count of the caution exercised by the govern- class fr merchants. On opLai'rig tLe Cfll If i an in-
cession. Yet, it was added, that the duration of meht, i regard to the most trifn,r town and voice of six buox-' ,f rici, Sh -.. Cesed ty the
intellectual works was, for the ost part, in pro- village concerns. This is the result Ut tao s s% brig Alfted from Havre, it Was found that the up-
pomiion to the time occupied in their construe- of universal centralization c,tbaisht. d by Bona- per paper case.which contahfed ne-half thequan
tion, as the period of .nimal lif seemed govern- part, and which, ii seems, has been pieserveld tity originally put in the box, w "4 taken out, and
ed, in a great degree, by thdie pet i', of gestation. entire, under the restored dynasty .The n.malul its place a,'.. hlled up with bricks, Straw;old rope,
It was still further observed, that this i'regu- est want of the smallest commune (says the Re- &Sc. Alarncd at this discovery,'the aierchant
clarity in the construction of his verse was not a viewer) was referred to the central power, The immediately called in the p,.a.,,er a.hc,, ... itu
beauty,- but merely an indulst.ce of Mr. Scott, repair of a bh ide, for example, across a brook ness the. opening of the r sidlie of t h tLoxes.
for his own convenience, as we sometimes see in a remote village, required the following pre- The result was that two others of them r iere' rob-
certain animals, when they al-e tired of going on liminary steps: bed min the sme manner of one-half, odie entirely
all fours, relieve themsh c Ly occa-,inallv lift- Ist. Thjlict ras a petition to the mayor. lobld, aUii hlril up with the same substances,-
ing up one leg, and then,the other. 1 li.t iL %as 2d. The riaaui .appleu. to tih I ub.-prellt e.ndf ioo Ieni ,irj.d I aortii4lI: pack.ed.. The.c-
not a beauty appeared di-,iii-crlv by unerring-in- S3d. He obtained tf tHie prcfet peInii on for I hoxehaiho 4apcaraiice .ahavinh reen.-pe.i-
dications. The test of Aiuperio,' ex cllence, in the muiiii.,.l trincil to asemble ed being as perfectly bae as whenthey left Pas,
every work, was the difficult ff imitatini it. 4th. The nmuntipal council, being assembled, and great inenuiti must hait. been, eminlived in
en.c., i ,rn cr r it was Ie t ii,, L. to. .crr t i.. t L h iO .- *:.ur .. ,, '9, :;';. c.r,, tirg ihe r,,bhery. Ve eai o' other f, ,n s
Acal faults of d poplar author, nothing more was 5tih. The comirisarie-, re|,orted. t imeal J n pa'i'..es reccivri by the
I nd.. piccediri ii .slromFre nce. O.iecase
i.eSe-Atry than to observe those parts most fre- 6th. he murcipal council dclibeed, an p l e
quei.ily 1c- L.d by inferior writers as objects of sent the opinioi to lth- ,uu-prefei, and he to the ol an invoice ic eu by the S.- enl is -.il to
imitation. Applying this test to the poetry of prefct. ... .. be entit'ely destitute of its original 6contentis, the
Mr. Scott, it would be found that his peculiar ir- 7th. The prefet applied to the Minister of the rentinder bhve niot yet been examined, but will
regularity of versifiLation had been more fre- Interior.. be opened a,: the public store.- Some of th
quently, as well as more successfully, copied by 8th. The Ministeti of the Interior to hi.s mpe. bricks, &c. put into the boxes were in a wet or
common place i titers, than any'other character. rial Majesty, giving an opinion.on the case. damp state, and have nearly ruied the goods
istic of his poems, except their want of variety 9th. His Imperial Majesty affixed his signaa- that remained. Fnomallthe,-'i:cia'.'n. ittiSalpa-
in respect to character, scenery, and description, ture, and the people went to the Conseil 'Etat, ent that these robberies must have been commit
"On the whole"-for they wind up here pretty ti ctirou de i'lnterieur. ted afit the o'"l had passed the custom house
much like your fashionable clitics-On tie whole, Iotli. The president of the section of the inte. inspection at Paris, before they reached the Ves-
it was concluded, that the temporary success of rior appointed a rapporteur. e l. The cases are .found t a rce in weight with`
Mr. Scott's poetry principally arose from a charm 11th. The latter explained the business to his the marks at Par:mi, and we understand tfierchan-
of novelty, which he had himself.dissolved, by section. dize otthis'desciiption forwarded from the ie-*
copying too frequently and successfully his own 12th. The business was called up, in due lime, ,rior, undergoes no other exaniination at he sea
peculiarities, before the Conscil d'Eutat ; a decision obtained, pi it of Fra,ce than to ascer .in v.hthcri the'
In the course of this discussion, some little ex- and sent back to the Secretary of State, who sefit weight be correct. From the fact that cases re-
plnations were given, which were occasionally it to the MiAister of the Interior, who sent it to ceived by, the three last aSi i. Asl have been rob-
necessary to make their meaning more precise. the prefet, who sent it to the sub-prefet, who sent bed in this manner, it would '.ee'that a system
It was stated that, by the uniformity spoken of as it to the mayor, who gave permission for the is organized in that country which will deter our
a prevailing blemish in Mr. Scott's poems, it was bridge over the brook to be repaired merchants from sending further orders. But it
not meant to infer that Mhis characters were the Any mistake in point (f form ; the omission of is believed the government i. ll, on lea, ,nns r, ,e
same individuals exactly, under different names; a stamp, or other irregularity in any one of these circumstances, find m-eans to put an end toa pirac-'
or that his pictures of rural scenery were all proceedings, madeitnecessaryto begin the whole tice which will operate so much against its corn-
drawn from the same landscapes. All that was process anew. Of all the authorities consulted, inerce.
meant, was, that they exhibited leading and ge- not one knew any thing about the matter, except
neral resemblances, which clearly marked them the mayor and municipal council; and the whole A most interesting paper, by 'Sir H umif.i, cL
as belonging to one,particular region. The act- might as well have been left to these local author- Davy, wa's recently read to the lov'al Soo'.._ .on
ors were, moreover, characterized by similar ities. The proceeds of the octrots of towns, or the magnetizing itl, enice ol ghanuism.in which
manners, habits, sentiments, and propensities, municipal duties, although levied expressly for various new and curious experiments on this
that distinctly indicated them as having lived, at local purposes, were always remitted to Paris; subject weie dc'ailed, hl dlCrly c :.,hib,li the
a period when the rights of property were totally and the money necessary to defray local expen, fact, that the g l aic1 1ui, directed in a proper
disregarded, the sanctity of the laws despised, ses, sent back again from Paris, where no proper manner, is capable of co,mi. ,in cmring magnetic.
and their execution either evaded or opposed. check could exist on either receipts or disburse- properties to bars of z-eel. Iit steel b,rs or rode
There was, in fact, a striking resemblance in all, merits. When Holland belonged to Bonaparte, it b)e exposed to' the galvanic current, placed in the
if not strong enough to establish an individuality, was necessary to send to Paris before a dyke, the ',ircc'.in ol the magnetc axis, no effect follows,
at least quite sufficient to give this series of po- state of which threatened the whole country with but if they be placed parallel with the magnetic
ems an air of uniformity that would not fail, in submersion, could be repaired." The people, it equator, they become magnetic ; the end placed
the end, of being fatal to their popularity. They is added, are so fashioned to this omnipresent ad- to the west becomitig the north pole of the
new magnet,_and that towards'the east h'z',,n
might be likened to th,- 'ttish 'sl,, which, mi;istraion ,fde3spoti~h h,-tthey scarcely ss- new magnet, ard .ha. towards the east len--
although of great variety in lhe assemblage of pect its existence i-Comn. dv. ing the south pole.-'Lond paper.


colors, was yet all cross-bitrred, and every where
indicated that it was a Scottish manufacture.
To conclude, Mr. Scott was compared to a ve-
ry popular novelist of the present day, who, be-
sides writing with the same or even greater impe-
tuosity, seemed to resemble him in the want of
inclination, or capacity to exhibit either charac.
ters or incidents not exclusively appertaining to
his own favorite age and nation., ndeed,the resem-
blance was so great, in other respects, that it had
:very naturally given rise to a suispicioh of identi-
ty. Both, after having overrunthe debateable land,
had afterwards ventured upon incursions into
England; and what was a singula' co-.incidence, al-
though, like William the Conqueror, both had
fallen flat the moment they touched English
ground, both had subjugated England, and reign-
ed in turn with vast but evanescent glory.
The Salamander, having received his des-
patches from King Pluto, is all on fire to proceed
to the Congress at Leybach.. I must therefore
conclude, with a promise of continuing this sub-
ject by the fist opportunity. Adieu,
PARVUS HOMO.
P. S, I ought to mention, as ari apology for
this letter being written upon asbestos paper, that
I did this in the way of precaution least the little
Salamander should scorch it to a cinder.

TO THE EDITORS.
Gentlemen: I should be happy itsom'e of your
subscribers who understand the Hebrew, and
have access to a bible in that language, would be
so good as to inform me whether the vulgate trans-
lation of the 9th v. 2 chap. of Job be correct. The
most common English version I find, is as fol-
lows: Then, said his wife unto him, dost
thou still retain thine integrity ? curse God and
die." But in a Latin vulgate of 1551, and also
1571, I find the following version: adhuc tu
permanes in simplicitate ? benedict Deo et mo-
rere." In another of 1728," adhuc tu retines in-
tegritatem tuam ; benedicendo Deo atque morien.
do." Several Greek versions of the 16th centu-
ry run thus :" alla cipon ti rema cis kurion kai
teleu ta," do but say some word for the Lord and
die ? A French translator of 1687 renders it
thus: El sa femme lui dit; encore retiens tu
ton integrity, beni Dieu and meurs." In all these,
it is bless or something equivalent to it,rather than
curse. But, fiom the reply which Job afterwards
makes to his wife, thou speakest as one of the
foolish women ;" thus, rendered by all the trans-
lators, the inference is irresistible that the word
could not have been bless, but curse, which has of
course been retained in most of the recent versions
of the bible. I find, also, that this was the under-
standing of the Hebrew text from a translation in-
to Greek verse called Threnothriambos, and pub.
lished in 1653.
All' age blasphemei kai tethnathi."
I am, therefore, inclined to believe that the He-
brew word which has been thus variously transla-
ted, must have a double meaning, and that the best
sense has been adopted by the earlier translators
without any reference, to the context. It would,
however, be gratifying to rme, and no doubt to
most of your readers, if some of your learned sub-
scribers would take the trouble to explam tle dif-
ficulty. "G-, W.


I It,








.,, South American Republics. If, indeed, the supporters
DEBATES N CONGRESS. of the resolution of the last session intended to pursue
DEBATES N CONGRESS. their project to this point, why did they not follow up
-- that resolution by a proposition like that now submitted .?
REV~NIRKS OF M. I REID, OF GEORGIA, Was it because they were hopeless of success? If so,
On Mr.Clay'snotio to amend the g.raS ap- tbe nrinciple upon which their resolution passed must of -
On, MIr. Clay's motion to amend the gorat ap- necessity be different from that upon which they would
pr'mriaion' bill by inserirng an appropriations support the appropriation; because, if they were the
for a mission to South .iner.ca. .ame, the majority sustaining the resolution would like-
Mr. Sniaker: It can scarcely be necessary to declare wise have supported an appropriation. if they could
in this piern my d. ep solicitude for tile success of the Pat- have succeeded, and did not make the effort, did 'hey t
in tis lace m d ep soicitud for th succ indeed possess of he act wisely in postponing a measure which they have so t
rios of South Ameria That ma mu indeed possess a muc at heart, and which, they say, is so intimately con-
coli from our own freessing the blessing so al ofksely nected with the dignity of this house and this nation ?
d upfloi rom our ouggle a brae people for their liber- It is said, that our respect for Spain should not deter
dties a people struGGlho have fa brae peoplong the vicr their liber-v us from adopting the amendment, because Spain, regen- s
ties -a people who have bee so long thevictims o civil rated as she is, has levelled a severe blow at our comrn-
an, 1 religious despotismom Kentucky, that the merce. If this be so, we shall make it the subject of ne- a
Sir, thmk, with the member from Kentucky, tha te action. We shall fairly develop the causes of com-
contest is no longer doubtful; and that if the overtures plaint, and require the proper redress but I ope we
of e parent country produced no immediate oncat- l r the purpose of avenging an injury, no mat-
rv reuit, a renewed warfare must at last end in the an- ter how serious it may be, recognize the independence
nihilation of the power of Old Spain over her colonies. f the colonies. Such apoihey would justly be consider-
It cannot be otherwise. When once liberal principles ed by the world as wanting in that candor and magnan-
obtain in any society, the power to prevent their exten- imity for which this nation has been singularly remarka-
sion, or to check their growth, must be infinitely greater ble and the provinces themselves would be but little
than that which can be brought to operate upon nouth bie ; and the provinces themselves would be but little i
ybest wishes are devotedto obliged to you for a patronage extended at the latest
Airica. But, muchas my best wises are devoted hour, not by your good will and devotion to liberty, but
this holy cause, sanguine as are my hopes of its success, by feelings of resentment towards Old Spain. If our l
I yet think there are reasons to influence the House commercialdiffiulties with Spain be really great, and if
to the rejection of the amendment now proposed. If' commercial difficulties with Spain be really great, a
to the werenojecti of the amendment now rged againstit, it it be important to remove them, so far from op rating to
seems to me to be a good objection, that the amendment, the adoption of a measure which ustbe offensive to
her, they should teach us greater circumspection, and
'if a opted, will bepartial in its effect. We are given to we should take care to remove, rather than increase, the
understand that there are several district republics in obstacles impeding the way to negotiation.
South America-Buenos Ayres, Chili, Colombia ; and to As an inducement to adopt the amendment, a resort
these mav shortly be added Peru, if recentintelligence is has been had to the perfidy of Spain since, and tie longg
to be trusted Have not then all of these equal claims diplomacy preceding tie first ratification of the Florida
upon your sympathies ? Why depute a minister to one treaty. ir, 1 am perfectly aware of the violation of a
in exclusion of the res. ? Would it not be more just, by pledged faith, of which Spain has been guilty, and I ad-
asking an ample appropriation, to give toall that encour- mire he intrepidity and integrity of the American en-
agement, which the cause of all, so bravely defended and voy, who poured the language of truth into the ear of a
sd gailautly pursued,- w- uld seem to demand ? If you corrupt government; hut J cannot perceive why, il
really desire to conciliate these infant republics, to sliew Spai has forgotten that justice which belongs to a vir-
them that you are alive to their wrongs and their calami- tuous nation, we should, on that account, hasten to ac-
ties, why do you not address yourself to each and every knowledge the independence of her colonies. It woula
of ihem? Why make a distinction unfounded' in reason, be to shield your imprudence uider the cover of heri
S in itself, and invidious in its effect? It may be wickedness. No, sir. The time was when you might
;ei.''-red, that it will be time enough to provide repre- have repaired thleinjury you had sustained by using tlhe
si;.ti-ves of this nation for these governments, when remedy within your reach. That day has passed by, and
affairs have settled into certainty, and when it sail be the nation oy whom you were wronged, is now volunta-
shlw', into hotw, many separate states South America is to rily upo the point of doing youjustice The treaty has
be divided. If this be the reply, .t may be directed very been ratified, and Florida-which gentlemen have been
forcibly against the proposition now b-lore you. It is in pleased to describe as a howling desert, a collection of
tri-i noi proper that we should s-ind a': ambassador to a tmo-asses, but which, f am credibly informed, is possessed
country, whose government has been hastily uinh up un- of the most delightful climate, and contains some of the
der tie sword of the r..... ... 'L I,. in the versatih- finest lands in the world-Florida will soon pass into
ty of revolutionary tor' u.-, i t.- -.. its power Let your possession. We have demanded, and we shall re-
us wat until at nation shall bd completely fore-d and or- ceive, ami.ple retribution for the injuries of which we
gazed before we exercise towards her that comity complained, and if we are a generous people, we will
wbici belongs to the intercourse of nations. Let me not consign to forgetfulness at once our discontents and their
be misunderstood. I would not be considered to vary provocations.
from the convictions which I have just avowed. I do lnot But, it seems, it is highly necessary to us to preserve the
mean at one moment to say that it is my nxed belief that affection of the Patriots. Sir, I am little skilled in the
the Patriots will succeed, and then to indicate a coiuary conduct of nations, but I have been taught to believe,
opinion. But, who can calculate with certainty upon the that. we are to expect nothing from the affection of any
events of futurity ? 'Who can say that the armistice con- nation. It is to self-interest that we must address our-
cluded between Morillo and Bolivar, under circumstai selves, and not to a disinte-res'ed friendship, which
ces .-.o s.-oothing to humanity, will be followed b) an ac- scarcely has existence among men, even in the smallest
knivo iedgment of theindependence.of the patriots? is societies, where e sriv association and long habit would
it altogether certain that Spain will withdraw i.etiei betos s likely to cerish it. Rely upon it, it was this
and her dominion, and quietly give up that wiel 1she selfish feeling which gave to us our European allies, d-
has valued as the brightest, certainly the richest jew-l of ring t : revolutionary war, and not the admiration of our
her crown ? Have we not learned from experience -' efforts, or the love of our institutions. It is true, the
from her profuse expenditure of treasure-from her reck- sympathy of the American people enlists itself in behalf
less waste of human blood, that nothing but necessity can of the sufFLriig colonies; but, when we deliberate upon
compel her to relinquish the contest ? Her interest, her the conduct of the nation, we must ask, not whether 4
pride, her habitual control, all incite her to perseverance! shall pursue the feelings of the people, b.,t ifit be our in-
Besiiles, Spain, under the auspices of the constitution, of terest io pursue them ? I speak not of sordid interest,
the Cortes, has offered to her colonies a participation i but of the honor, reputation, and happiness of the 3: -
the government, and a relief from some of the most )di- tion.
ous of ihe evils against which they hare been contending. We have listened to a story as horrible as a --. :s
It is. indeed, probable, that these ternas wi!l be rejected, barbarity iand a collector of obscene circui-s. nIces
with an emotion nearly allied to disdain, but this, too, is couid make it. It is not tilhe first time I have heard such
only conjecture. The provinces dtesolated by a ruinous a narrative. Atrocities have been related which leave
war, and thirsting tor peace, may tlnd a favorable-ear to fit behind them the bloodiest incidents of the most
propositions, which, although not unexceptionable, pro- frantic period of the French Revolution. Some of these
mise to the weary and exhausted a repose, temporary doubtless have their foundation in fact, but may they iotL
perhaps, but agreeable and invigorating. Sit, whatev-er derive a deeper coloring from that luve of the mnarve -
events may ensue, if you adopt the amendment now un- lous and terrible which is inseparable from our nature ?
der consideration, you are in danger of producing embar- If we remember that this has bf-en a contest of exteim1nrin
rassment to thle government. If the war in South Ame- ation on both sides, unregulated by the laws of cvi!.zed
rica continue, you ..-.... ,1 .t te indepeidt nc ot1 a warfare, can we believe that to the roya! ass alone belongs
state yet struggling 1.. ,i' ... It' Spain succeed in the gin of cild-blo:ided murder, and more crui
reconciling her provinces, you will present to the wo- Id butcihe-ies ? Or, would it not be more fhir to admit,
asingularspectacle. You wi!l have depuied ananmbassa- that the same circumstances have produced tile like -x-
dor to the mother country and another to her chlo- c,.s an both parties? IInt iis point of view, then, there i
nie-s. can be no reason why t oil should extenl tfanor to tile one
hir, the President of tile United States possesses the ot tfhe expense of the tither. nut, relss m; friend firon
power, wiih the consent of the Senate, to appomt ambas- Kentucky. MIr. Trimble,) shall insist tiat hisauthority is
sadors. From his elevated station, he has certainly a bet. i,-isputablc, I cannot implicitly give credence to the an-
ter view of thle relations of this eilh other nations, than ecdote he hlas told. And why ? iie:;,ause i, in coIimmon
we possibly can have. Why then, with limi'.ed means withll) that gentleman, iiave a high respect for the charac-
of information, do we desire to dictate to that depart- ter and 'ah-is of ixh patriot clietaii tohvar. When the
ment, which, from its nature and situation, is so much bet- late .armisndice as concluded, ih.,se who had long been
tel informed? There is surely no necessity for an inter- foes met as ifriends;s in the moment of conviviality all
ference ripon our part. The age, e-perience,and integ- sorrows and enmities were forgotten, and h1orillo was
rity of your President, the unquestioned ability of those clasped in the warmin embrace of lolivar! Sit', who is
gentlemen to whom he may at all times apply for advice Bolivar ? Ask thie gentlemen who urge this appropr;a-'
and assistance, the I..... 1.' -_. wisdom of the Senate. Lion, and they will tell you, lie is thile emancipator of an
demand your confic,,. .- I. Executive has doubtless e ipire; a hero to whom history furnibhes no resemn-
deeply reflected upon this subject. It feels as the peo- blauice, but in the mnagnaninity and t irtues of our on ,
ple feel, and if it has heretofore foreborne to gratify thu .... .., ,- And do i e find this wisett, bravest, best
wishes ;f the inember fiom Kentucky, it is because it has of men, courting corruption to his arms; grecti,ga fiend
been restrained by prudential co.iisiderations, and not by in human form with the emotions offrieniship ? _
an apathy towards the future destinies of South Anieri- Sit, the scene 1 hve just described either pl aces the
ca. But, it is insisted that the President has. acted un- character of Morillo in a more favorable point of view,
wisely, and it bulnomes o 1.oper to coerce hin to recog- or obscures, in some measure, the repetition of BoLvar.
nize the indeptirdence of some one of the Pat-iot gover- I a- ot the apologist of the Spanish General I like
ments, by nmalig this appropriation.. Do ynu not. per- his character little, "d his cause less ; but we are taught
ceive howv poweress and nsugatory is snel legishcion ? teat it es proper to rescue even the worst men from un-
You resolved, at session, hat it was expedient to nierited obloquy. Admit, however, all that has been
send a minister r'. h Am.erica, and wviat was the re- s iido be true, is thisi tile argument by whichit i s made
suh? Why, no minister has yet been appointed You now manifest that we ought to recognize the independence of
ppipte money, and at teo bP e e co.lseqitCe Souh America ? Sit', it maly move your pity, or rouse
It xiii e il l s u although tili Presiaeut, as aiiaihufultub-,hyour abhorrence, birit caiuilot reach the judgment.
lie servant, must give due consideration to your enact- Finally, A, Speae ,tit appt rea's toneilexpedielt to
m.nt, yet, of h. think the ineaIure t proposes unwise, Ie 'le y Mti appprial' io proposed, because SpainaPdit to
will, as he is bound to do, entirely disregard it, and the colonies atti mi i t avoring to p a e.d heto
nMiey ail)propiated will remain idle and unerxhatised in their long, and barbarous, and bloody warfare. Why
y'o r treasury, at ,ihe moment too, when vou are borrow- then should we interpose between thcf,, ...- '
ing millions! I deny nmt that we may fitll upon evil times, ties, uad decree teatoi bitbm which .. .. ..
when it may become necessary fiom the corruption o ties, and decree that for thm wiich t.. ..
partiality of the Chief Magistrate arn' the Senate, that g'ieh icoushl erinme It iould bte aie at of' suipereio-
this iouse should i.rerpose. But, this is a case merely gaFor these reasons i a ct to inleere at suchvo aacrisis.
possible,& most assuredlh, uot now exi ting. Bit if it re proposition of thie gentleman fonrin Kentucky. le
. if the Executive had arcirally declined to send ari am- potitloil of the g'eit!u"i" 'orai tenticky.
bassador to any government where our best interests re- -- --
quared he should be sent, I ask could you counteract DELAY NO'T
such a policy by a mere appropriation? BelPieve me it "
would bc brutunr fulmen, hard indeed, but inoperative! 'For Now is the time, and recollect Gillespic 's is
No, the course I thiink would be to -withhold your appro- the Lucky (.T' e.
pri,.iion for all ministers, until the Executive should per- GRAND NATIONAL LOTTERY,
ceive the necessity ofpursuiug the path ofduty. Such a Fourth Class,
course would produce the effect desired, butlit would be '
harsh and uncourteous, and only to be justified by the The 21st di'awing will take place on Friday the 6th of
necessity to be found in an extreme case. April. Thie i.. ....g prizes are low floating:
We have been told, that it is due to the dignity of this 1 of 35,000 Dollars.
house to carry into effect the measure of the lasti session. 1 10,000 Dolla.rs
I had thought that the dignity ofa nation, like that ofan in- 2 5,000 P-!lars.
dividual, depended more tupon achievement than loud 15 t,000 Dohlars
boasts or pmpous promises Let yourappropriation be 00 Dollars.
passed. he President still refuses to appoint an am- 1 500 Dollars.
bassador ; and I ask you, where is yotur dignity then ? 21 100 Dollars.
You have wrestled with thle Executive, but you gain besides an immense number of smaller prizes.
nothing by the contest; on the contrary, you suffer de- Whole tickets S14 00 j Quarters '3 50
feat, and tie .-...i...i attitude you wouldassume belongs Halves 7 00 Eighths 1 75
to him who ihas obtained the vi-tory Gain of the wveel
This house is called upon to be consistent with itself, 29,530 DOLLARS
and to receive the proposed amendment, because it pas- Adventurers are respectfully invited to examine tie
sed.the resolution of the last session, It appears to me, above Scheme, as it is eidom, "it ever," a scheme has
that the resolution of the last session obtained the votes been offered to the public, where the chance was so
of a majority on a ground entirely distinct from that ta- great for a capital prize.
ken in support of tlie prcsetE pe Gpo.sition. It was then About 200 tickets are for sale at
said, 'ass the resolution; it will give vigor to ithe D. G1LLESPIE's
cause of the Patriots ; it will restore their confidence, r d J fflce,
revive their drooping spirits, advance their interests !", Lottery and Exchange Ofice,
Thie house listened to the inspiring" invocation ; it was Penntsylvaniac avenue, t City,
passed, and t havoe yet to letn that it was produtive of Orders, enclosing cash or prize tickets, or enquiring


any ot the happy consequences which were Ifretohl. tie tPte 01 tickets, addressed as above, will meet the
Was it received with joy, with bonfires and illuminations ? same attention as if personal application was made.
Did it strike terror to the royal army, or lead the Patri- N. D. Cash advanced for prizes on demand.
oits to victory ? If these were its effects, they have to nmar 21-4t G
tijs moment been to me a secret. No', however, tlie CIDEI VINEGAR,
object is varied. It is no longer to assist nad encourage y the hoghead, barrel, ot retal, onstty i,
tfhe fPatriots by an expression of pubhc option, but to a Y thehogshead, barrel, or retail, constantly on hand,
te Patriots by anl expression of public opinion, but to n for sale by A, E- hUb f.
coerce the Executive openly to recognize, as a perma- Also, itle A. E. IIOVinegr,
nent and established government, some one of the Alsoct t Wne


COMMUNICATIONS.

LOUISIANA AND FLORIDA.
No. 2.
The soils of countries characterized as sandy
requiree a particular attention to their natural
growths, and to their-subsoils, to enable us justly
o estimate their strength and their value. These
two points require due consideration in judging
of the soil of Florida where it is sandy. Wher-.
ever there is under the sand a subsoil, or under
soil, of good clay or other earth, the trees, pro-
duced by nature, are of good or great size, and
ire often intermixed or of various kinds. The
lame of Florida, given, it is supposed, from the
appearance of health, vigor, and richness, in the
woods and natural growths, is some evidence of
the existence of a good subsoil, or under soil.
Ploughing up the subsoil and mixing it with the
Sanid, so as to make a loam, is both easy and pro-
itable.
The river bottoms, alluvial lands, and particu-
larly the Deltas at the mouths of the rivers, must
be equal in that climate to the production of su-
gar, coffee, cacao, or the chocolate nut, and other
WHest India productions. It has been already
mentioned that the warmth of the Gulf Stream,
driven from the coasts of the Spanish main, in the
latitudes 9 to 16 N. and from the Cartibean sea,
up though the straight between Yucatan and
Cuba towards Mobile Bay, and running, as to its
east division, (roma that bay along the coasts of
Louisiana and Florida, and along the Peninsula
,f Florida to Capes Sable and Florida, and, from
thence, along the east coast ofthe peninsula to the
north thereof and beyond it, has a very material
influence on the atmosphere of the country lately
ceded to us by Spain. The other division of the
Gull Stream,produced by our south coast at Mo-
bile, runs, as the wrecks and drifts prove, west-
ward, receiving the vast fresh stream of the Mis-
sissippli, and carrying it away from the coast of
the Florida peninsula. It is repeated, because it
is very important to the climate of our new pur-
chase, that toe warmth of the Gulf Stream, to be
presumed from the circumstances of its cause, is
fully proved by the thermometer. It is to be pre-
sumed, that it will be, for the same reason, the
better adapted to the manufacture of salt, as
strengthened in its saline quality by the evapora.
tion under a sun from 8 to 15 degrees south of
Tursk's Islaids.
When the great extent of the Florida cession
(36,000,000 of acres) is considered, and how small
was the extent of the French part of St. D -min.
go, and much of it was uncleared and uncultivat-
ed, we must perceive that, if a small proportion
of the lands be rich and good enough for sugar,
coffee, and cacao, it must be as beneficial as a
large West India island. The sugar, coffee, and
eaca planters will have abundant land for grass,
grain, ground provisions, cattle, hogs, sheep,fuel,
building, coopeirage, boats, and all other useful
and nr cebss-ry purposes, on very moderate terms,
,o as to enable them to work every acre of their
good soil. They may join to their sugar estates
plantations of coffee,* cotton, olives, grape vines,
dates, oranges, pine apples, figs, and other things,
which are produced on poorer lands in climates
sufficiently warm, and which do not require so
.,,any han's as sugar.
It is presumed that the turtle fishery, for the
meat and for the shell, will be added by our en-
terprizing fkllow-csizens of the eastern states, to
which may be addefdihe profits of the salvage of
vessels, which have suffered shipwreck. It will
he our interest to attract settlements in all the
Florida ports, and along the whole line of its
coasts, by persons of the first nautical and naval
capacities, practice, and experience. Their aid
in checking any present or new spirit of irregu-
lariy, on the ocean and among the keys andt
isilts, will be often important, even in time of
peace, and will be necessary in war. The naval
capacities of Florida must be considered as high-
ly important to the rich and increasing com-
merce and exports of the river Mississippi, and
all the coasts of the Gulf of Mexico, and will
happily increase and strengthen the bonds of
dniien existing between the states on the great
western rivers and those on the Atlantic Ocean.
This will certainly be the case, either as Florida
now stands, or if the legislature shall adopt the
!tan of annexation proposed by the Convention
of Alabamia. The militia system of that rising
and itncreasing state would be constitutionally
elicited, to support ard defend, from "forei-ni


LEGISLATION OF ILLINOIS.

TO THE EDITORS.
FWashington City, 20th Maarch, 1821.
GENTLEMEN: I have noticed with pleasure
that, actuated by a disposition to lay before your
readers all useful information, you have publish-
ed occasionally epitomes of the proceedings of
state Legislatures. I have not, however, disco-
vered that you have noticed any of those of there
late session of the Legislature of Illinois-pro-.
ceedings, gentlemen, which fully exculpate that
State from the often-repeated charge of an inten- c
tion to deprive the war-worn soldier of the pit
tance of land allotted to him by the beneficence'
of his country, and which will prove the more
acceptable to non-resident land holders in that
State,as they must inevitably tend to enhance the
value of lands at least fifty per cent. By the pro-
visions of the relief act, so called, those who were
subject to pay triple taxes, by former laws, andi
those who have had their'lands sold for taxes,
and thereby subjected to 100 per centum, are al-
lowed to pay a single tax any time on or before
the Ist Jan. 1822, with all charges of advertising,
and interest at the rate of six per centum only
per annum, from the time the taxes first became
due. Those who have paid the triple tax, and
those who have redeemed lands sold for taxes,
will be credited on the Auditor's books, on ac-
count of future taxes, for excess over the single
tax, chat ges, and interest.
An act has also passed, making an appropria-
tion to defray the expense of surveying a canal
route, to connect the waters of Lake Michigan
with the Illinois river. Of the practicability of
making a canal, at little expend', n.,ne can doubt
who know that already a partial ,.ne has been
formed across the portage, by dr'_vwing boats over,
which, at particular seasons, fordss navigation
for loaded perogues. Of its advantages all will
be aware who contemplate the growing prospe-
rity of the States of Missouri and illincis, and who
will anticipate the time when a proportion of the
produce of these States will seek a market at
New York, as accessible as that of New Orleans,
and which will affo-d supplies* on better terms
than the latter, and present a more congenial
depot for furs for exportation. This view real-
ized,and the West will soon see a new emporium
rising near the site of the ancient village of
Peoria.
I am, gentlemen, with high respect, your most
obedient humble servant,
.JOS. WATSON.
Most of the supplies are now brought by wagons
from Philadelphia and Baltimore.

SUPERFINE CLOTHS, &c.
]UST received, on private sale, at my auction store,
PennsylvaaiL avenue,
Best super black and blue broad Cloths
do blue and mixt Cassimeres
which will be cut to suit purchasers.
Shirt and Vest Moulds.
I have also received, as Agent for the District, and
shall continue to be supplied direct from the manufacto-
ry, an assortment of best bone Shirt and Vest Moulds,
which I will sell by wholesale at the manufacturer's price.
M. POOR,
mar 22-St Auc. and Corn. Merchant.

PRIZES FOR SALE.

Grand State Lottery, of Pennsylvania,
SIL.ihe completed this day. Thetfollowing- splen-
did p i-.. -. and must be drawn:
100,000 DOLLARS !
1 prize of 25,000 Dollars.
8 10,000 Dollars.
3 5,000 Dollars. <
18 1,000 Dollars.
7 500 Dollars.
S6 100 Dollars..
1112 50 Dollars.
Whole tickets g70 00 Tenths 7 00
Halves 35 00 Sixteenths 4 38
Quarters 17 50 Twentieths 3 50
Eighths 8 75
For tickets and shares in the above splendid lottery,
apply at
G. DAVIS's
Truly Fortunate Lottery Office,
Bridge street, Georgetown.
march 22-

40,000 Dollars for 20.
The following Prizes may be obtained, in the
GRAND NATIONAL CANAL LO IFTERY,


invasion," the places of marine armament, de. By apply at 'Tyer's Truly Fortate Ofce:
posit, and communication, and the mercantile 40,000 DOLLAR&S.
ports on the coasts, by their inclusion within the 1000 dollars 1 '00 dollars 1000 dollars
1000 dollars 1000 dollars 1000 (ilU:,rs
civil jurisdiction and militia district of the Go- 1000 dollars 1000 dollars 1000 dollars
vernor and Commander-in Chief of th-t State. 1000 dollars 1000 d(,lhars 1000 dollars
This, in the case of a section of the Union so 1000 dollars 1000 dollars 100 dtlhuars
much exposed, and so distant from the seat of 1000 dollars 0OO0 dollars 1000 dollars
the general governme: t, may be found worthy 1t000 dollars 1000 dollars 1000 dollars
MOO dollars 1000 dollars 1000 dollars
of the most early and serious consideration. The 1000 doihrs 1000 dollars 1000 doIlars
power of a state government to call out a force 1000 dollars 1000 dollars 1000 dAllars
to repel invasion appears to apply to the actual 1000 dollarss 1000 dollars 1000 dollars
or Linmitniut invasion of some portion of its own 100u dollars 1000 dollars
proper territory. besides a ,teat number of 500, 100, and S5o, &c.
It is said that i h .,..d and several other Where, it will be recollected, the splendid Prize of
It said that i, ant seve2 other 0,000 DOLLJRS
woods, of the coasts and islands on anid near the was sold, and where Prizes to the handsome sum of
Mexican Gulf, particularly the dye woods, and 10.,00, dollars have been sold and paid within a few
the animal dye, called cochineal, are (bund in weeks; and in a few days Tyler expects to have die
Florida, proving the power of its souther-n cli- -pleasure of selling' and paying the grand capital prize of
mate, and adding to its value lt us. 40,000 dollars.
The Lottery draws again next week, on Wedntesda.a
The production ufthe poppy, and theprepar- and all the prizes floating; and the cash advanced tifu
action of opium, may be confidently expected. prizes as soon as drawn. Whole tickets $F2t, halcs c ',ki.
The Islaid o!" Cuba, distant only one hlimdred quarters 5, eightlis S2 50.
and fivy miles, is famous for its bees, its wax, and (Y A few tickets for sale as above in the Grand State
for its beautiful, fine, and abundant honey. Flo- Lottl.ry, Philadelphia, which is ill to be draw 0on This
m, ,Day, amounting to 3j0,000 dollars, highest prize o10u,000
rida holds forth sint ilat.r advantages, and the pro- dollars. Whole tickets 70 dolls. shares in proportion.
auction of the myrtle wax. All orders for Tickets left at either of TIler's offices,
If any part of our country can support planta- Baltimore, New York, or Albany, will be attended to,
tinns of the cork tree, it must be East Florida. free of postage, by return of mail, by
B, 0. TYt.ER,
That wood grows in Europe south of Bordeaux. Sole Agent for the Managers,
The value of irrigation, or the watering of mir 22- G S MA Washingtou City.
grounds, is every where important, but most so
in light soils, favored with productive climates.
The numerous rivers of Florida authorize.us to LAWS OF THI UNITED STATES
expect great crops from even sandy lands, which Second Session Sixteenth Congress.
can be thus irrigated. The orange and the vine WHiS DAY is published, ant tfor sale, a,. the office ol
are regularly watered in Portugal and Madeira, 1 the National Intelligencer, the Acts passed at the
with great profit Second Session of the Sixteenth Congress-price 75 cts
mar 16-
VVe shall here conclude these suggestions and 16-
remarks, which are intended to brig the real, VALUABLE PROPERTY 1O1 SALE.
and probable advantages of the late cession under ILI. sell or rent thatatwostory buck house in which
the view otf the nation. If they shall contribute j i now dell on 3d street. The situation is a re-
to quicken and increase the observation of the markably healthy one, and in the ',M.!.. 11.... I ofthe
public agents and private persons who may visit College. There is a large garden 1 .. i ,. under
that country, they nay conduce to convenience good enclosure. 1 will also sell the two story frlamed
tha t country, they y conduce to convenience seealy opposite, witi a ber of lots ui
and to benefit. cultivation. Possession may be had on the 10th of May
- COLUMBIANUS. next. For terms apply to WVashing'ton Bowie, Esq. or to
iryan Edwards, sq. states, that the most delicate thie subscriber.
Coli' e( called Mochla,g'rows in Arabia, in poor and saolly WALTER D. ADDISON.
iands; and in Jamaica in poor lands unfit for sugar. Georgetown, March 8-2awtt


PORTUGAL.

Mlaniresto of the Portuguese Nation to the Sove-
reigns and stationss of Europe.
TRANSLATED FOR TiE NATIONAL GAZETTE.
The Portuguese nation, animated'by the most
ardent and sincere desire to maintain the politi-
cal and commercial relations, which have united
her hitherto with all the governments and com-
munities of Europe, and having particularly at
heart to continue to merit, in the opinion of the
illustrious men of all countries, the esteem and
consideration which have never been withheld
from the loyal and honorable character of the
Portuguese, has thought it indispensably neces-
sary to offer to the world a succinct, but candid
exposition of the causes that have produced the
memorable events which have just occurred in
Portugal ; of the real spirit which has influenced
the nation, and of the only end to which all the
changes made, or intended to be made, in the in-
ternal structure of the government, are directed :
The Portuguese nation hopes that this exposition,
in correcting the false notions which may have
been formed respecting those events, wiil concili-
ate the kind attention of Sovereigns and People.
All Europe knows the extraordinary circum-
stances which, in 1807, forced H. M. John VI.
then Prince Regent of Portugal, to withdraw
with his royal family to his transatlantic domin-
ions. This measure was then deemed highly
advantageous for the cause of the general liberty
of Europe. No one, however, could fail to dis-
cern the cr'iir .d situation into which Portugal
would be thrown by the absence of her prince-
ulterior occurrences justified the predictions in-
dulgedl on this head.
Portugal, separate-I from her sovereign by
the vast expanse.of the ocean; deprived of all her
wanted resources yielded by her distant posses-
sions, and of the benefits of trade by the blockade
of her ports ; governed by enemies then held to
be invincible-seemed to have reached the term
of her political existence, and to be condemn-
ed never to resume her place among independ-
ent nations.
In this desperate crisis, the heroic inhabitants
of the kingdom lost neither their honor, nor cou-
rage, nor their attachment to their king; of these
neither the pressure of adverse fortune, nor the
immense power of the enemy, could deprive
them. They exerted themselves, in fact,.in the
most energetic manner, as soon as a favorable
opportunity offered. The Portuguese, with the
aid of their allies, recovered, by the most severe
sacrifices, their political existence; restored
with generous loyalty, the throne and the crown
to their monarch; and impartial Europe must
confess (although justice is not always done) that
it owes to them, in great part, the victories since
gained in favor of the freedom and independence
of thrones and nations.
It is more easy to conceive than to delineate
the internal condition of Portugal, in the midst of
circumstances so new, and after efforts so, extra-
ordinary, and so general a convulsion.
The ruin of the country, begun by the emi-
gration ot the inhabitants who followed the
Prince, or who sought to escape the suspicion of
co-operating in the systematic persecution of the
enemy, was aggravated by the too fatal invasions
of 1809 and 1810, and by the losses inevitable in
.an obstinate contest of seven years' duration.
Commerce and industry, which can flourish
only in the shade of peace, and public security
and tranquillity, were not only abandoned, but
seemed annihilated by the unlimited freedom of .
trade allowed to foreign nations in the ports of
Brazil; by the disastrous treaty of 1810 (with
England); by the decay of manufactures ; by
the nearly total destruction of both the mercan-
tile and military marine ; by the absolute want of
protection and encouragement for these two im-
portant sources of national prosperity.
Agriculture, the basis of the wealth and strength
of nations, deprived of the hands which war had
monopolized ; destitute of the capital which feeds
it, and which was often diverted to more press-
ing purposes ; having no longer the vital power
which it had been accustomed to derive from
national industry, and the active circulation re-
sulting from external and internal commerce,-
languished in a fatal lethargy, and our country
presented to the astonishedc-bserver the deplora-
ble picture of misery and famine.
The sensible diminution of the public revenue,
caused by the ruin of the population and the ex-
tinction of commerce and industry ; by the irre-
parable loss of the immense sums which the'ene-
my wrested from the unhappy, Portuguese, and
by the excessive expenses of the war, which ob-
liged the nation to contract new and enormous
debts--gave the mortal blow to public credit, al-
ready shaken by the scandalous malversation of
the treasury agents, as well as by vicious systems
of administration.
If the Portuguese had not cherished for their
prince and his august dynasty a love border-
ing on adoration-if they had not d&,sired to ob-
tain from his justice and goodness alone, the re-
forms and amendments which such a condition
of things imperatively required, it woiu.ld have
Slen very easy for them to assign.limnits to the
royal pwver, and dictate to him conditions con-,
lorm-able to the urgency of -h. :.
But the character of the Portuguese was nrot to
le belied. They prefer ed looking to their prince
'tar all that was wanted, rather than exhibit to
Earope, already dismayed by recent calamilies,
the spectacle of a turbulent and impatient nation,
or to appear to take advantage of circumstances
in order to display a spirit f revolt arnd insub\or-
dination. A i!cnt antd peaceful endurance of
evils was i e rule of their conduct ; confidence
in the virtues of their prince the foundation of
their hopes.
But-and it is painful to declare it-their hopes
have been completely disappointed, and the pa-
tience of the Portuguese reached the point be-
yond which it would not seem possible for that
of a proud and courageous nation to go-a na-
tion penetrated with the sense of its ills. and not
f ignorant of the means of remedying them.
The Portuguese, knowing the heart of their
. Sovereign, flattered themselves that he would
prepare the necessary reform, as he had some-


times encouraged them to hope : but this expec-
tation proved illusory ; the rtinisters of the court
of Rio Janeiro have diverted the mind of the
king from these important cares, and evinced
Displeasure whenever a patriot dared to publish
his sentiments on the subject, and shew the
necessity of making Portugal again the seat of
government.
Thus, the Portuguese began to lose their con-
fidence in the only remedy that remained. 'The
idea of seeing their country reduced to the condi-










tion of a colony afflicted them; and all felt it to ARMS OF THE UNITED STATES.
be .impossible that the affairs of a monarchy MOM THE PITTSBURG GAZETTE.r
could go on well atsuch a distance fromthe cen- .Although the study of Heraldry may not be
tre of action, when the perversity of men, thevio- very amusing to ou epulic des, yt, as
lence ofthe passions, and the inconstancy of th ver amusing to our Rp b ici in t rasyin the as
elements, might obstruct their m'rch. ;the eagle with extended wings, .ras:-,in.- the arms
elements, might obstruct their miirch. f w h l of p i cosant v pre.
What was the Pbrttgucse nation to do in such of war and the -live of pea, is constant y pre.
a state of things? Suffer :nod hope? She had senrited to our eyes, in some way or othe,', it may
a suffered and hped in a fr ma y years. Sigh, not be uninteresting to give a history and an ex-
suffered and hipcd i vain ftr ma y years. Sigh, laion of the arms of our country.
remonstrate, complat, ? She had sighed; but planation of the arms of our country.
remonstrate, compl he had sghed, but In June, 1782, when Congress was about to
her sighs were nut heeded. Not heeded ? No; form an- armorial device for a seal fotr the
they were cruelly stifled. She had remonstratec Union, Charles Thomson, Esquire, the then
and complained, but her prayers and complaints S etary, with the Honorable D Arthe Leen
could never penetrate as far as the throne. The Secretary, with the Honorable Di. Arthur Lee.
could never penetrate as far as the throne.Theand E. Boudinot, members of Congress, called
King was constantly told that his people were on Mr. William Barton, and consulted hisis on
conte authorsnd faithful.aniesto insist, in the face the occasion. The great seal for which Mr. B .r-
The authors of this Manifesto insist, in the face ton furnished these gentiemnen with devices was
of Europe, upon the unalterable fidelity of the ton furnished thess on the 26th of June, 1782.
nation; but they' must remark that contgntient adopted by Congress on the 26th of June, 1782.
nation; but they must remark that contentment device is as follows :
was incompatible with a situation like theirs. Th e device iways of thirteen pieces, argent,
They can show that late events had not their ori- s, Pla iar ; thire escutcheon on the
gin, as has been insinuated, in the principles of breast of the Amezurican Eagle, displayed properthe
an absurd and disorganizing philosophy, nor in holding in his dexter talon an olive branch, ani
the chimerical pursuit of an unlimited freedom; in his sinister a branch of thirteen arrows, all
but in the convict Te on of public distress, and the proper; and in his beak a scroll with the motto,
desire ofrelief. The Portuguese have. aimed at 11 E p uv,,
establishing the throne on the solid bases of law E pluribus unum.
and justice; they had no wish for innovation, but The Breast Over the head of the Eagle,
sought to i'eplece things upon the footing on which appears above the estcucheon, a glory or
sought to replace things upon the footing on breaking through a cloud proper, and surround-
which they formerly existed in Portugal. through a cloud prope, an suroun-
SIn 1139, they gave the crown to their first mo- ing stars, forming a constellation, argent on an
narch, and enacted the first fundamental laws of azure field.,
the monarchy, in the Assembly of the Cortes of R everse.-A pyramid unfinished.
I3 calldhntheFist In the ,; an eyein a triangle, suronded
ago; in1385theycaledJohnhe irstto with a glory. Over the e) e the,-e words, Jn-
throne, o conditions which he accepted; iii 1640, it coetis."
they gave the crown to John the Fourth, who also nut coept -The escutche
r cteteir' liberty; in. fine, during thelong Remarks and F.'Thmrhim i -TI'he escutcheon
respected their liberty; in fine, during thelong is composed of the chief and pale, the two most
period of five hundred years, the Portuguese had honorable ordinaries. The thirteen pieces pale
their Cot tes, and it is then that they attained the es in e Union, all
smiofgoya e.. represent the several States in the Union, all
summit o glory and power. It would, therefore ined in one solid compact entire, supporting a
be unjust and absurd to pronounce what ey chief which unites the whole and represents-
have done illegal, and to stigmatize their conduct Con ress The motto alludes the Ur.ien.
with the epithet rebellion. Philip the Fourth, too, gres inhe motto alludes to t closel niten.
denounced the heroic rising of the Portuguese, by the chief, and the chief depends on that U-s
in 1640, as rebellion! Itis not less preposterous by the chief, ad the strength resulting fom it, for its
to ascribe the late revolution to the influence of suort, and the strength resulting from it, for its
a faction. All points considered and weighed, support, to denote the confederacy of the states,
the Portuguese cannot doubt that their patriotic and the preservation of the Union, through Con.
efforts have not only entitled them to the favora- gress.
ble opinion, but also to the applause, of all the The lours of the pales of America. White sin the
enlightened nations, and all the monarchical ca- flag of the United States of America. White si
binets of Europe. ufies purity and innocence; red, hardtness a;id
It would be a subject of deep chagrin for the valor ; and blue, the colour of the chief, signifies
Portuguese people, if the sovereign princes with vigilance, perseverance and justice. The olive
whom they have always maintained a good u branchand arrows denote the power of peace

derstanding, should abuse their power to the end and war, which is exclusively vested in Con-
of imposing laws on them, or repressing the ef- gress.
forts of a nation incapable, from geographical The crest or constellation denotes a new State
orts of a nation incapable,from geographical takingits place and rank among other foreign
position, of disturbing the peace of other coun- p r
tries; a nation which has never interfered in the poTheescutcheon borne onthebrest of an Ame-
internal affairs of others, and which counts upon
the known justice of the princes of Europe. But, rican Eagle, without any other supporters, de-
if the hopes of Por'tugah in this respect be de- notes that the United States ought to rely on their
if the hopes of Portugal in this respect be de.
ceived, she will risk every thing in defence, of own virtue.
her just rights. No nation firmly resolved to be The pyramid on the reverse signifies strength
free, has ever failed to become so ; this is what and devotion; its unfinished state refers to the
encourages the Portuguese; and if they cannot infancy of the American government. The eye
compass the object, they will perish all, to the over it, and the motto, a nlt coeptis," aHen
last man, rather than survive the loss of their in- signal inteposiioeas of Provludence in favor of
dependence: they look, however, to a happier t American cause.
re American cause.r
l i lpt ~ wq vite h C~hnrPl,


MARLOROUGH COTILLION PARTIES.
i R FITZGERALD has the honor of informing the
li2es and getieineem of Upper Mariboriough-and
its vicinity that the Cotillion Party, by subscription,
which was to commence on Thursday the 8th inst. will
positively take place on Thursday the 22d inst. Mr.
Edward Belt and Mr. Charles Carroll, who are appoint-
ed managers, will have season tickets of invitation sent
to the ladies. Mr F. will spare no pains to provide the
best music; and will also introduce the most fashionable
Dances.
Gentlemen wishing to subscribe will find a List with
Mr. Adams, of the above place. Their company is ear-
nestly requested.
mar 16 --eo3t
NOTICE.
NTOTICI is hereby given, that an election will be held
at Peter Griffir.s, the lateresidence of Wn R. Mad-
adox, on Thursday the 22d inst. from 10 A. M. to 5 P. M.
for a member oi t.:- Common Council, in the room of
C. B. Hamilton, .q. resigned.
MORDECAI BOOTH,
JOHN WHEAT,
DAN. CARROLL, of Dud'n.
mar 16- Commissioners.
THIS DAY,
Will POSITIVELY take place the last drawing of
the
GRAND STATE LOTTERY,
" 7HEN all he following magnificent prizes will be
i 'i drawn, viz :


100,000


DOLLARS!


25,000 DOLLARS. 10,000 DOLLARS.
10,000 DOLLARS. 10,000 DOLLdRS.
10,000 DOLLARS. 5,000 DOLL.i1S.
I0,000 DOLLARS. 5,000 DOLLARS.
10,o00 DOLLARS. 5,000 DOLLARS.
10,000 DOLLARS. 18ofl,ooo DOLLARS.
10,000 DOLLARS. 7of 500 DOLLARS.
36 of 100, and 1112 of 50.
amounting in all to
300,700 DOLLARS!
This will be the greatest drawing ever known in this
country, and the chance of getting a Capital Prize is
more than double to any Lottery ever drawn in America.
S. & M. Allen pledge themselves to pay the cash for the
prize on presentation by the fortunate holders.
But few tickets now remain unsold, and all who wish
chances must apply before to-morrow at 12 o'clock,A. M.
after that hour the tickets will not be sold, should there
any remain unsold.
Whole tickets $ 70 00 Tenths 7 00
Halves 35 00 Sixteenths 4 37
Quarters 17 50 Twentieths 3 50
L~i llit, 8 T75
To be had at
ALLENS'
Lucky Lottery Office,
Pennsylvania avenue, Washington city.
mar 22-
BUILDING LOTS FOR SALE.
ON a credit of 5 to 10 years, to persons that will put
S permanent improvements on them; interest on the
purchase money to be paid annually orsemi-annually.
They contain the whole of square No. 386, on the Mary-
land avenue, between 7th street and Potomac Bridge,
near the house of the late Robert Brent. Apply to
mar 17-2'aw2w JOHN BRANNAN.
ELIGIBLE LOTS FOR SALE,
- OR sale, on reasonable terms, live or six lots in square
385, situated on Maryland avenue, west of Seventh
Street west, For terms apply to Richard Smith, Esq.
Cashier of the Office of Discount and Deposite.
mar 10-3t
A COOK WANTED.
A GOOD Cook for a small family is wanted to hire by
the mouth or year, to whom fair and liberal wages
will be given. None need apply but such as one as can
come well recormer ded for honesty, industry, sobriety,
and clcauliness. Enquireof
THOMAS TINGEY,
mar IC---dtt' in the Navy Yard.


I Ito uuIo.wing letetl wa was wrUtten y inari'es
Thomson, Esq. to W. Barton, Esq. enclosing
him a copy of the device:-
( Six; I am much obliged to you for the pe-
rusal of the Elements of Heraldry, which I now
return. I have just dipped into it so far as to be
able to be satisfied that it may afford a fund of
entertainment, and may be applied by a state to
useful purposes.
I enclose you a copy of the device by which
you have displayed your skill in heraldric sci-
ence, and, which meets with general approbation.
Yours,
CHARLES THOMSON."


In Heraldry, Argent signifies white, Gules red, and
Azure blue; where these colors cannot be emblazoned,
they are represented on seals, &c. as follows, Argent by
a perfect blank; Red by perpendicular, and Azure by
horizontal lines. The Chief in our arms, on the horizontal
lines in the upper quarter of the escutcheon, or eagle's
breast.

The Montgomery (Alabama) Republican, of
the 3d inst says, We this day announce the ar-
rival of a boat, [the fennessee Patriot, King,
from East Tennessee, with flour and whiskey,]
the history of which will no doubt seem almost
incredible to strangers. She is a keel boat, 50
feet long, 6 feet beam, 6 feet deep, and is capa-
ble of carrying near 100 barrels. She was built
at West Point, in East Ternessee, where she was
loaded for this placn, and proceeded 100 miles
down the Tennessee river, to the mouth zf the
Hiwasse, thence 65 miles to tihe entrance of the
Wocoa, up the latter a certain distance, when
she was transported (with her cargo) 10 miles by
land to the Connusaga, thence to and down the
Eastonilla, through the Coosa into the Alabama
river-a distance of near 1,000 miles from the
interior,"

At the Colchester (England) assizes, an in-
dictment was recently preferred against a person
for an assault. It appeared in evidence that the'
plaintiff had attempted to hang himself, and that
the defendant, finding him in that situation, had
cut him down-, tweaked his nose, and struck him
several smart blows om the back, for the purpose
of reviving suspended animation. The jury,
considering there was no malice in the case,
tound a verdict for the defendant.

PETERSBURG, VA. MARCH 20.
The Northern Mail,dueat 11 o'clock on Sunday
evening, was detained until the hour of 9 on Mon-
day morning, owing, as we understand, to an acci-
dent that happened to the stage in crossing James
river, at Osborne's. The passage, it is general-
ly known, is effected by means of a flat bottomed
boat, worked from landing to landing by a rope
stretched across. On Sunday night, just as the
boat, after crossing, had reached the southern
bank, and the stage was leaving it for the plat-
form, the rope gave way, by which accident the
two foremost horses were drowned. We hear
of no other damage being sustained.

ZANESVILLE, NOV. 13.
Serious accident.-We are informed by a gen-
tleman of Richland county, Ohio, that, on the
5th ult. the house of Mr. Win. Brown, of Greeni
township, in the above county, was blown up aby
only fifteen pounds of gunpowder in a keg-and,
shocking to relate, two of his children perished
by the explosion!


j ,e) -, i ?, K -


THURSDAY, MA .hCH s2.


The Reduction of the drmny.-Some of our
readers, those at a distance particularly, feel
some interest in the manner in which the reduc-
tion is to take place. We have no official infor-
mation on the subject, but it is generally under-
stood that Major General .i.*.. Brown, and Bri-
gadier Generals Scott and Gaines, (Major .Gen-
erals by breeet,) are to be retained on the new
establishment; and that they are to fomin a Board
to make the necessary selection from the present
officers .of the Army. In the discharge of this
unpleasant duty, many men of merit must be de.-
ranged frou': office. The opportunity, however,
is afforded, in.this sec Ltd selection from the same.
materials, to coninma'i the services of the most
useful, active, and accomplished officers. It is
supposed that the Board of Geueral Officers will
assemble in this city within two weeks.

Subjoined is the answer of the Queen of Great
Britain to the Address trans-litted to her from
the city of New York, in dc...- United States, by
the u.,tives of Great Bi, .nm and Ireland" re-
siding there, Fihe National Advocate is disap-
pointcd.in the style of the Address, which he says
is courtly, tame, a'id spiritless." We think
the answer is a tolerably good answer; it is cer-
tainly a much better one than some of the vapid
productions which she bestowed on her attached
and loyal friends at home. As to the terms -f
the Address to which it is an answer, son m ri-
cordo. We well remember, however,, the sur-
prize, which we yet feel, at the whole proceed-
ng; in which, we earnestly hope, no naturalized
citizen of the United Si i.: had any concern.

THE ANSWER.
My warm thanks are due to the natives of
Great Britain and Ireland, residing in the city of
New York.
The independent spirit and patriotic feelings
of the people have ;, fT1 d r d n, ,.hr- m..i cheering
solace, and the most satisfactory support, in my
late conflict with my enemies. They have in
this instance vanquished that selfish faction, who
have shown themselves as hostile to nry rights
as they ever have been to those of the nation.
I have been denied and still am denied any
mention in the Liturgy of the Establishment; but
this act of uncharitableness toward ds me, will ul-
timately prove more injurious to the hierar-
chy, by whom it has been sanctioned, than to the
Queen, whom. it was intended to ruin in public
estimation. A palace has been refused to my re-
quest; but this refusal, though designed to aggra-
vate other iil-i. i'i.. s which I have experienced,
has afflicted me with no other painful sentiment
than that of contemptuous pity for the infatuated
malignity of my adversaries. My residence is,
in fact, more royal than if it were entirely cont.


posed of gold and preci'-, stones.
atfectionts of the people.


POR THE NATIONAL. INTELLIGENCE.,

Lines-on Mr. Kean receiving three cheers on
his departure from illth. "populace of Boston," in
return for three, thousand dollars, bestowed on
them from the extra profits of the Theatre dur-
ing hlus performance:-
KEEN are the Boston folks, as I've heard say,
They know which side their bread is butter'd-Hey!
For though a Keen one came to deal with them,
They were too Keen for him, I gEess-ahem!
'Twas diamond against diamond-cut and slash;
They gave him praises, and he brought them cash;
They got three thousand dollars, it appears,
And he-God help poor Keen-got three loud cheers!
'Twas a tight bargain, faith, on either side,
And worthy to be copied far and wide,
Since Koean gave nothing of his ovwn away,
Wltich they with less than nothing did repay.
YANKEE DOODLE.

Domestic Encyclopedia.


ABRAHAM SMALL,
JV'o. 165, fti' -. ,t street, Philadelphia,
-AS just published, Willich's Domestic Encyclope-
dia, or Dictionary of Facts and Useful Knowledg-,
chiefly applicable to Rural and Domestic Economy ; i'i-
proved by Thomas Cooper, M. D. Professor of Chemis-
try and Mineralogy. Second American edition, in 3
closely printed volumes. Price $10 50 in boards, or
$12 bound.
Besides very numerous corrections and additions in the
body of the work, this edition contains:
1. A T ,-.,v;.. i -,, Veieinmwy Medicine.
IL..A A i .. .- .. ... ...,,: ,.C M -..i n.:.
III. A Treatise on Cookery.
The whole illustrated with numerous engravings and
wood cuts.

Extrswfeifnom the Editor's Preface.
C....1 '"il.,h to his original plan, the Editor has
spared no pains, trouble, or expense, to render this E-
(.. .. 'i. I ''ir complete as the present advance-
ment of agriculture, gardening, of the familiar arts and
manufactures, as well as the state ofn medical science,
would respectively admit. Many subjects, indeed, might
have been extended wo greater length, and others con-
simerably abridged, had these volumes been peculiarly
calculated for the use of either town or country readers.
Such, however, was not his design, as the work now
submitted to the public includes almost every object
more or less connected with rural, domestic, and animal
economy. Hence, the inquisitive reade; will find nu-
merous experiments related, many hundreds of which
have not hitherto been published in the English lan
guage.
u" .r ,I.=1. purpose of making this book answer still
more perfectly to its title, I have co.i.rri.c.i .ex--,'i for
this work, a Treatise on Veterinar) ~.1.:..:,.-,n L) ines-
tic Medicine, and on Cookery. The latter is chiefly ta-
ken from a very popular work, entitled Domestic Cook-
ery, not without many additions of my own, which, I
trust, will be found improvements."
marth 22--i. f. 3t

MARSHAL'S SALE.
IN virtue of two writs of' fieri facias issued from the
Clerk's Office of this District for the county of Wash-
ington, to me directed, I shall expose to public sale on
Tuesday, the 24th day of April next, on the premises, all
the right, title, and interest of William Wise fin, and
to the following described real estate lying and being in
the City of Washington, viz : part of lot No. 20, in square
No. 503, being the eastern part of said lot; also, lot No.
21, in said square No. 503, with the houses and improve-
ments thereon erected. Seized and taken in execution
as the property of William Wise, and will be sold to sa-
tisfy debts due to Richard Lay and Hanson and John
Gassaway.
Sale to commence at 4 o'clock P. M.
TENCH RIN GCoLli.
Mar. Dt-i. Col.


It is in the mnar '2-- ts


NEW-YORK, MARCH 19.
We learn from our Boston correspondent, that
the schr. Packet arrived at that port, left at port
Haytien, 19 days ago, the U. States' sloop of war
Ontario.
General Reichard and several others had been
arrested as conspirators against the present gov-
crnment, and sent to Port au Prince, and some
alarm prevailed among strangers.
----,.mm=,---
Captain Cushing, of the brig Newbern, from
Madeira, arrived at Plhil Iclpii:., sailed on the
7th February. On the 28th January, the troops
assembled on the public square, and refused to
disperse until the Governor should proclaim the
Constitution, which, after some demur, he was
.obliged to do. 'In consequence of this event, all
business was suspended,and a holiday of four days
proclaimed, during which the island presented
one continued scene of rejoicing. The town was
brilliantly illuminated for three nights in succes-
sion, and salutes fired from.all the forts and batte-
ries, morning and evening.. The mob coni-
menced their denrr tiq whirl hn rninn


MARSHAL'S SALE.
I N virtue of a writ of fieri facias, issued from the Cir-.
S. cult Court of the District of Columbia, for the county
of Washington, to me directed, I shall sell, at public sale,
for cash, on the premises, on Friday the 20th day of April
next, all the right, title, and interest, of Samuel Black, of,
in,& to, the following described piece or parcel of ground,
with the buildings thereon erected, viz. lot No. 3, in
square No. 503, in the city of Washington. Seized and
taken in execution as the property of Samuel Black, and
will be sold to satisfy a debt due to Clement T. Coote
and Raphael Jones.
Sale to commence at 10 o'clock, A. M.
TENC H RINGGOLD,
mar 21-eots Mar. Dist. Col.
MARSHAL'S SALE.
N virtue of a writ offieri facias, issued out of the Cir-
cuit Court of the U. States, for the county of' Wash-
ington, to me directed, 1 shall expose to public sale, on
Saturday, the 21st day f Aprii next, for cash, all the right,
title, and interest, of William Lee, of, in, and to, the fol-
lowing describedreal estate, lying and being in the city
of Washington, viz: the two story brick house, with the
ground thereunto attached, and all other improvements
thereon, in square numbered 168, at present occupied,
by Mr. Nicholas B. Van Zandt. Seized and taken in
execution as the property of William Lee, and will be
sold to satisfy debts due to Benjamin L. Lear, and Grants
and Stone.
Sale to commence at 11 o'clock, A. M. on the premi-
ses. TENCH RINGGOLD,
mar 21-dts Mar. Dist. Col.


...n.. 1 i.it uI epeca.tiuns, w5ir.u ciw e ue c ttiiu- MARSHAL'S SALE.
ed till the Governor found it necessary to call "N virtue of two writs offieri facias,issued out of the Cir-
out some of the troops to preserve order,, which cuit Court of the District of Columbia, for the county
was effected, but not until.they had demolished of Washington, to me directed, I shall expose to public
the market place, and done other damage. On sale, on the premises, on Saturday, the 2St day of April
the Ist February, three deputies weredispatched next,all the right, title, andinterest, sfWniliam Lee, of, in,
weeshai -,and to, lots numbered 4 and 5, in square No. 77, in tihe city
to carry the intelligence to the government at of Washington, together with the houses and other imr-
Lisbon. When 'the Newbern sailed, all was trani- provements thereon erected. Seized and taken in ex-
quil. Markets dull. ecution as the property of William Lee, and will be sold
to satisfy a debt due to Darius Clagett.
CITY RETRIENCHINMENT. Sale to commence on the premises at 12 o'clock, M.
PAT 'ENCH RINGGOLD,
PHILADELPHIIA, MARCH 10. mar 21-dts Mar. Dist. Col.
The contract for scraping the streets of this I
city for the last three years having expired, the MAIISHAL'S SALE.
City Commissioners recently advertised for' setl- N virtue of certain writs of fieri facias, issued out of
ed roosals to scrae th str n rr the Circuit Court of the District of Co!umbia for the
ed proposals to scrape tIhe streets, aInd cary county ,ofWashington, to me directed, I shall expose to
away the dirt. The various offers were yester- public sale, for cash, on Wednesday the 28th instant, at
day opened, and the limit offered being nine hun- the dwelling of William Lee, Esq. on Pennsylvania a-
d red dollars, the same was accepted'. By this venue, a variety of choice and valuable household Fur-
arrangement a saving in the annual expenditure niture, consisting of pier glasses, tables, 1 piano, sophas,
of f ive thousand one hundred dollars has bee chairs, carpets, rugs, candelabras, andirons, curtrins, 12
of five thousand one hundred dollars has been superb pictures : also, 1 large mahogany book case, with
effected ; the last contractor having received five about 1900 volumes of valuable books, well selected.
hundred dollars per month for scraping the Seized and taken in execution, as the property of Wil-
streets The contractor for cleansing also had liam Lee, and will be sold to satisfy debts due to Daniel
the dirt for his pay. The whole concernn now Bache, the President and Directors of the Bank of
th the United States, and Darius Clagett.
rests with one man. Sale to commence at II o'clock a. m. and continue
From day to day, until the whole property is sold.
ST. CHARLES, MO. FEB. 17. I'ENCH RINGCCL LI Marshal D. C.
The house of Mr. John Johnson, of Grassy march 20-dts
Creek, near the town of Louisiana, in this state, PUBLIC SALE.
was, on the.night of Tuesday, the 30th ilt. con- By order of the Orphans' Court of Prince George's
sumed by fi, e-and we are truly sorry to state county will be sold, at public sale, on Thursday the
that two of JMr. Johnson's children perished in the 29th inst. if air,it not,the next fair day,at the late dwelling
flames. of Richard C. Jones, deceased, all the personal estate of
S-said deceased, consisting of 15 negroes, among whom
cidnt.A ung man by the ame of William are men, women, and children; also, horses, cattle,sheep,
ec kiden.- young m an by te name o William and hogs, corn and fodder, rye and oats in the straw, a
Henry was killed on Wednesday week at Carlisle, Pa. parcel ot tobacco and bacon, plantation utensils, house-
by being thrown from his horse. The accident happen- hold and kitchen furniture, and a number of other arti-
ed from the stirrup becoming loose, and ilt the act of iles too tedious to enfumerate.
bearing dwn upon it, it slipped off and the spur struck lerms of e: all sums of 10 and under cash; all
the horse's side which caused him to spring forward sums over $10 six months credit will be given, by the
with violence and killed the rider on the spot. purc aser or purchasers giving bond, with approved se-
------- curity, bearing interest from lie day of sale.
MARRIED, Sale to commence at 10 o'clock, and continue from day
On Tuesday evening last, by the Rev. Dr. Laurie, Ito day u.ti all is sold. SARAH JONES,
alMr.l r McFlAn to Miso E.thist'r T"cityTcity mar S3---w3w administratrix.


COM'MUCSATKOW.J
This day will positive .y take. ace in the city
of Philadtelp!ia the tenth and las; di a.-n.i< of
the Grand State Lottery, sh en .i-.' hundred
thousand seven hundred dollars, divided into
prizes of 100,000, 25,000, 8 of 10,000, 2 of
5,OOC, &c. &c. will be awarded to some of For.
tune's favorites. An instance of so brillia-.t a
day's drawing was never.before known in .Ameri-
ca Tickets can be had at Allens' Office, Penn-
sylvania avenue.


PACKAGE SALE-In Baltimore.
ON 1 i,,rJ, ... .... ,.pril 5th, at 10 o'clock, Ihall
S sell, *n i !b- ,,i .:* t
Two hundred .i:I,.i :.. of seasonable Dry Goods,
of American, British, Irish, French, (C. i. ..t T'..1*;a
iD.iuiil .r i .i ,- Plards, Stripes, <..,. ,.I l',I . 55-e. n-i I utid 8attinets, silk I r. I l ,nd ? ,i .
Hbels. .,,
Superfine Cloths, Ciassitmeres, 'in.... Cambric and
common Prints, cambric fancy, i.... I book MAus.
lins, twilled Cords and Velvets, prinied ani white Jein$,
hr -l.,l .'i1 :i ,,: -ii..,., Flannels,tiraces, Threads,
S .,,'I,. t. ,Li' i .' ...' ., i ... nd figured Cravats, G ng-
S lA h 'l ..'..,' l'.r s, JD owlass, r n..tna t;g ,
Marieille4 Quilts, Conintrpines, 6.4 Checks, carpet
Biockiags, sarsnett Cambrics
Linen Cambrics, cambric Handkerchiefs, Fe;.)rences,
fancy and plain Ribbons, silk Hose, Gloves, bt.,cP CG apes,
Sattins, Galoons
Ticklenburgs, case's of Iburgs, Burlaps, Hes'ians,
Rolls. hempen T ,: .._r"...
Choppa Romals, Bandannas, Caaton'Crapes,Senshaws,
Sarsnetts, black silk ,4 .,ii:,-.;io
Irish Linens, Shee .. It. ri.
M P- P MITCHELL, auc.
mar 22-dts No. t Lorman row, Baltimore.
THE FLORTDAS.
'N Original Memoir on tic Floridas ; '.,Th i .. r..ral
.". description from the best authorities. B. %. scn-
tleman of the South. Price 25 cents.
Just published, and for sale by
DAVIS & Fl"'LE.
D. & F. keep constantly on hand papers'of every
description, and a general assortment of stationery, and
school and miscellaneous books.
t:C7'All the new publications are added regularly to
then ', i.,- Library.
0i h :..


PUBLIC SALE.
"-I i% ILL be sold, at Bates's fscetion room, on Thursday
S the 22d inst. at 10 ,'clock, a. in.
1 Carryall and Gears
1 Cart
2 Horses
to 1 -1 ..i, ri '. the subscribers.
JON BIdG'I WELL,
TtuOM .S 'ILLIAMS.
mar 16-- G 1). i '*TES, auc.

.s' ,-., *:' .I' L', for T'xes.
W ILL be expos-d' .o pjrli,; sale, on 'TI]'e' ;V the
25th day of September inext .a ,i,. .,,. I I, .
ber,(corner of Pennsy!vansa avenue t .h, s'reetv est,)
the following property, or so much thereof, not less ian
a lot, as shall be necessary' to sat sfy the Coprtoion of
the city of V,-,1 _. for taxes (tIe thereon, in the
name of W ill a.-. i,. ". heirs, tIgethler with all costs
and ctliqr'eq up to the year 1819, in lusive ; unless pre-
vi .-.l ].'a,! to the subscriber, to wit..
No ofsq. No of Lots. Amt. of Tax due.
254 6
1130 5 S20 31
Sale to commence at 10 o'clock, A. M. Terms .'ash.
JOS. INGLE,
mar 22-wts Collector Second '.ar

A GOOD FARM FOR SALE.
ISptLE Subscrib.,rs will sell, at private'sale, 34 acres
3. of good farming Land, slih i 1..'t i...nmiles f orm
Georgetown, near the rivtr o.. i ,..l 1.'.-' one mile
from Cabin Jci "i. -. and ,.-..t..ic.,- i.e farm of Wim.-
Scotr, 6sq. I r.. I .rI is v l ] ,1.r.,i to rover nd
plaister, and the growth of wheat and tobacco. There
are on the premises three tobacco houses, and dwellings
calculated for two families, a good orchard, and same
good meadow grounds. The whole is well watered by
several never-failing springs. A large portion of the
cleared ground has been sown down in clover; and it is
well calculated for a dairy farm, A great bargain may
be had, and immediate possession given to the purchas-
er The title is indisputable. For terms, which will be
accommodating, apply to
JNO. B. CLAGETT,
Washington county, or
N. CLOPPER,
mar 22-eo3t on i,: .r.n..s.

FIFTY DOLLARS REWARD.
K'.'OR [.rpih eie iir. and bringing home my r...ri
1.' L-, M iij ,;ii.>; ed from me on ti e 1st of October last.
She is a'stout, well looking woman, very black, has lost
a front tooth from ihe upper jaw, and has a largerscar
on her breast or neck from a burn. She is about twenty
years old. She has ;. .. ..i 1her cl...,l.1,.r as also her
name, and likely may have a pass.
She was apprehended in February last at a free ne-
gro's, about two miles from Newport, Charles county,
and brought to Chaptico, St. Mary'. county, when, by
the interference of some designing person, she made her
escape. Those persons, I hope, will have a care hew
they meddle with my property, as the laws of God and
man justify-no.such perfidy. The above reward wvil be
given if taken out of the state of Maryland; 25 Collars
if taken out of the county, or 15 dollars if take.; it it,
and lodge her in jail,. so tha I get her again, and reason-
able charges paid if brought home,
ZACH. SPALDING,
adjoining the seat of C. Dorsey,-Esq-
St. Mary's co. mar 22--w4w

URISE OF TICKETS.

Splendid Distribution.

CA.THEDR.dL LOTTERY.
VERY prize wii oe pa.,il ,t ,i :,., tany de-
J dnuction whatecr lite Drawing wal tpos;live-ly
take place on li 27th April, and >,,i.i not be postponed
on any account whatever-and the whole will be drawn
in ONE DAY.
It should be remembered that there were but F.!-r
Thousand Tickets in this Lottery, and more tb., one
hialfof the whole number are already dispose. o',. They
will be advanced on Friday the 30th inst. to C,. each.
'lTherefore, speedy application snt uhi oe made ior Tick-
ets or Shares while they imay be lihad at the original price.
The Scheme contains Capital Priz. of
1 prize of $30000
2 5,000
1 4000
1 3000
5 2000
10 1000
30" 100
600 25
Every prize fli eating in the wheel, none stationary.
Whole tickets $26 00 1 Eightna 3 12
Halves 12 501 Tenths 2 50
Quarters 6 ':5 Sixteen'hs 1 56
Fifths 5 00t Twentieths 1 25
For sale at
WAITE'S
Lottery Exchange Ofice,
Corner of St. 'au.'s L.ne & Markuc st. Bait.
Q(:Orders from any part of the Unit:n, enclo.:ng the
cash or prizes in any of the Lotteries, (post iTa d,) (or
Tickets or Shares at the above price, will be pronmply
attended to, if addressed to G. L& R. Waite, oat,'..rare.
A printed list of prizes of this splendid drawing will
be forwarded to each adventurer at Wai','s oti' c.
Take notice.-More capital Prizes Ihmvt bi.eI obtained
at Waite's than at any other e;n'ablishmew, in \me'.ia.
Shares of Tickets purchased at Waite's office hive
been particulare. 'rtunate.
Baltimore, mar 22 -


,










S--- ----. If they will only take the trouble to examine the pro. tlEMARKS OF MR. SIMKINS, 01 S. CAROLINA, I
DEBATES IN CONGRESS. stuns of a bill I have reported to the house, (by the di- On r.. Campbell's amendment to the bill redu-
BA E N O R SS. rection of the committee on the subject of indlitia,) the- cing the salaries of the civit '. i r so as to
--- Nwill find I am in favor of diffusing military science through- o ive ebers of Conresshereaftr six instead
REMARKS OF MR. CANNON, OF TENNESSEE, out the whole United States, not only to extend it to give Mebers of Cogress hereafter six instead
On the prop sitions submitted by him to re- every state and territory, but equally to every brigade, of eight dollars a day.-Oi the 21st Feb. 1821. c
potheregiment, and even to every captain's company. They
ducc the expenditure of ie public money on the will there see a plan proposed annually to teach and in- I cannot refrain, Mr. Speaker, from expressing
Military Academy at West Point, in the state struct 60,000, (being the whole number'of the militia of. my warm and decided approbation of the sentiments de-
of New York. ficers of the United States, of every grade) in all the du- livered by the two gentlemen from Kentucky, (Messrs.
r. CA N Said, he would not have brought ties necessary for a state of war; and that, too, on prin- ered by the two gentlemen frdoing this, (Messrs.ouse
i pit Anderson and Robertson.) in doing this, the house
this sbc e he se by an aendent to ciples of republicanism, on principles consistent with, cannot but see how utterly mistaken the gentleman from
and congenial to, the free principles of our own govern- O is saying
bill now under consideration, only tfor the circumstanmce Ohiois when he attempts to justify his motion by in
in n w u l a ot er wa d in ent. T his w as, he said, a great system for it w as cal-etI
that it could not be brought up in any other way during cated to diffse military science throughout the whole that, or sx dollars aday the ablest menca ly pbe r- got to
he present sa'sion. 'he l coimnlittee to ho it hadt United States, and to extend it equally to every militia mane n. EvCongresry step this debate progresses, and almost
noen o'e.f nde, wol not p tob be i time be f te tion and out of door*s,- because it wil cost too nmuch ; but gentleman's position, and shew that scarcely a man can
on i,,d, ,it aldtion to th, ltte t il b foi e tea he-so if the house should, in the course of the session, indulge be gotto serve herefor any considerable length of time. d
p.oiais pio --amnus r -..'- .. the p-ay o;the r.eei him so far as to take up the bill li had referred to, he That many are induced to come, some from a spirit of s
professor, and cadet., .. I i... Academy; therefore, lie would show, by arithmetical calculation, that this sys- atrmany' are for the et of beingfor a while Mem-
thought this the most proper time, and the only oppor- tm to extend military science to the whole militia riotism, some for the ecat of being for a while Mer- I
tuiy that would be afforded,, to try the sense of the United ates would cost less than 500,000dollars ers ofCongress, some fom one motive and some from a
house, which e wished to see expressed on the annually, a sum not much gresub- the United States would cost less than 500,000s required tollanother; but experience, the best of all tests, has inva.
ject. le said, t he amendment lie had offered did iot inaa su nt u great riably proved (in a very tew instances excepted) that,by
jent. Hei ate t maintain, in the regular service, one regiment, and only t e such membs learn the routine of business-I
contemplate he discontinuan ce ofths Acadey, but,i five times tlihe amount expended at this Military Acade- the time such members learn the routine of business-
adopted by tile House, would lessen the puthc te expenmy; the sum he had stated, he could show, would be y s e very t ime when they become fitted to render k
diture on it very much. The acade andtile suteaher sufficient to encamp the whole militia officers of the U- al service to their country, t he sa are literally driven
i prfte n-euiOVed- f ite Unit d Stals be cSuppor te d a t f i froi Congress by the poverty of the salaryat 8 dollars a
and professors' t.?e ..ts, but the adet ited States one week, for instruction, i each year, and day What then are we to think of a proposition that
out oft treasury ot t e United states, but te ts pay them their full pay, as though they were in service, day What thei a a wetothiik of a proposition that
would not receive thile enormous ay a e uments ovide m with rations Hiscourse as to regoesto lessen even this allowance ? Sir, with te gen-
they had done heretofore. He thought the amendment trench the expenses of this Military Academy, in order nen firom Kentucky, fr has spoken, an speak disin- a
lie had offered went fai enough,md, indeed, rther thian ,,nal : d y' iallu d-most every-gentleman who has spoken, can speak disin.-
h d we .. lg e to enable us better to adopt the system he had allud- teestedly o this question. A few days will also num-
ie wiuld go, Was it enltirelv leftto him, four li bee w ou nyld bu terestedly o this qu estion. A few days will also num-
not -iive one dollar out of the Treasury of the United e tnt
tat.s for its support, or, that of any other institution lit, Mr. Speaker, if we keep up a Military Acadeiy er m among those who were so kitd as-to send me
r s o r haol alwayn s thoughtntt.epublic"expense.forwhosebenefit. itby here, free from all Congressional interest and duties-;
dunted months o ame rni leseao winstn ton the tainted? say, sir, it ought to beor the benefit of and I venture to assert fior the southern states, anid 1
pi tihe principles aof eouitverine amont. ttahe iber tie orphan of himo who has fallen in the defence, of s think I might for the middle states, that no man with a
,rfin iply c maintain edin t ur es a ernm ent a d y u no hue-, y -v f aomth i lr at the herese nt p ay, h o ld a seat here fo rto a ny
s, equal rights an ua p eh a s bess country r; but they ave not enjoyed the benefit of this a an the ren pse h o o
eaul rto t eut i et reten th es ofl e institution, nor ever can, until you change your laws length of.time, unless lie would madly and unnatmually sa- b
s t e n e a t o t ne u t m o s t e x t e n t b y amt e u ( ,n g r e s s o f f t e ,- o ri f i l i ts a n d p riu at eo ri n t e r e s t s eu n h
litcd Staetes;" and hen i eouliar" tvour s shewin, or tl e subject. I hold tile doctrine that there is an ob ig crifice is domestic comforts and privatelei rest-r, ou n
S t a tn oth e part ofnthee Ierement to support the widows ie woudsacrifice his tfmily! Sir, do you not
peculiar privileges and emoumn ents granted, tt ought o t hose whop .ot hai vei entio su r defence wido see that even every two years there is a change of a thid




be mount exp ondedly on the s gronstitutiof p heretofor e, i u nut, irty hae benf t eo e otict o by Conre ss; but let Pw ioehnnnti s frutess u
cdnt leon l oel t grounsd or their soa s or relatives, sv I ar d ese foh to ap and sometimes a halfof branches of the a t does this
I am unwills ings to continue e this kind of patronage al dto- the aable to protect and support thuemsi ves; but shew but that professional men and others so sacrifice
iug by nuaintatniog tin s estahlishment and paying to the what have von done foi-thenWhy,Sir, you lhave turn-th
Present of the United States and the Secretary ofWar ed the the office, ityears they alre dow given from their interests by seats here, that they andriven to a-
sonits o rich omenthe a lount of per year, m o esi s te door if yusr bounty, to state orbe ppoted and bandon them ? And hence of this house is doomed to an











^ tm.t....e Con G v er.noro of twyo b ut y, stasped or iteret snpp ohted adn ot
er emoluente amouprotected b other friends, or the society of their neigh instability and a fluctuation so ruinous as to unsettle
beend Stofore allowed,ho in panot y an rate aons, to be made c t thts ne las per m .vileed and sacrifice every thing dea to the country have begtruth,
ne ongmen that privil ave thid ord s eculiut ar who has been educat- almost every class of the community are denied to comeorty
Cdl t f e expense of hiparents or the sweat of his own der, ged of the sonsof the wealthy, who never
row, mater wiat tieir merits may be no matter A- d at e en .o th .s h 0t cacl in here, s except two : those who are very rich, and those
w tntmuc hmilitlary science, or however well qualified, Youhav e oue 'an only s 4 00 ca e in o seeking they have morade their own choiable places. I notugh
Sare al excluded from being officers, to giveand I beg gentlemens to reflect, and look at the course Executly opposed the cage in the method ofe payiesn your








ple living to these favorite; and ifents o there your service a i military officers, a retrogression instead o an advance
t al, it must be one unrt soudiersan to be a hwersa- of in military sciencexists, tha s novel, unequal, and unprecedent-









iodt ad irawe-,s of water," for these highly favored few. a e-ts tare u otuil ens iitdee ga tha tthe orphs ed, t I have opposed the diminution of pay and salad
S hi, I ak ou, sir, conthisinstittio heretofo plin princleuing o those whose blood ias beu shed in defence of our e, both civil and military, for various reasons, but par-
bl vernmens, to be dit is not Let your h hourtyhave bee t.lken notice of by Cngres bt let icularly be thcause the institution, for is not the wisest proper time to settle
oi he le ree ad open to ales l or their sn wishor to ob-relatives. ts see hat it is we have done fo; the family of a pool them. Some salaries, I admitupon the of times,
uni,, n theib fcuinr and honorable compeutirons on r the soldierhose life hasbeesaried theltar of ouared th ehrie but is n lt ot clear tat went
am unwilling to continue alone. ojec o this page tron wh atve liberties, d haseft in our charge a wife and nise help- separate ad idepende. Lower flyour present pay, aa-
Prsident of the Unrited States and the SecretaryofWar,itution. lso object to tiden. We e, it is tue, allowed the half ready too owand this independenceircumstancepurity wo lle na-
Sto give itto awingy othefavor personand this is not all, en o in an i,quir r expecting it, and rial t i name. unsettled? Look at th state of our
an theseacnets at there gepuberalc thexpense, peof your seasons, notds of panly be i ne yearscull outing, whole period, t te importance of ts surrency. swe as we pro-
lptssrtments, members of Congress, Governors of States, $241 dollars: this is all you have done to sIpot this 1, should not have risen but from a consideration
o fiersofthe ary adof gi avy, and other public charac-my, ole family, often in umber, r fi ofepresve years, while eady
terals men of wealth and inflo buenc, our ruwhlers you are not give a much larger sum to support the son ofa rich man s being ote last importance. rbear to press a
Sprfrnc so lavishly to te commissions in the pe army, he saidre(who never shouldered a gs ion, in te defence f is vw indelibly stanksped with interest, though not wliberally,
SUited Saes, as well s amongst the mili oie country) one year, as a cadet at thi t wat Military Academy vebe an adequate aa for any nuber oflty.










gcers. watyissworsehifmsyrsy of tw y ear ad t s ,s yl be
Whati encouragement, he asked, would any young man ecut give and Heachd of apartments, or it i tded to The gentleman from Ohio (Mr. Campbell) says that,
co-nnssoonsityot-amy adnavyinpiefrete ett o the 1 wha ve whilst diminishing the salaries of the military and civil
and to the utter exclusion of, every other person in thela onlyo-ty centsoper donth,r pr support, while yoU give offiees, the maio-ty would be inconsistent not to em-
Uted States, ho is ntary so foienrtute as to be not ade -one their cu dollars who enjoy the whol tioe ben s oJow,,. ; that this oment, we nofirst only act withbegun
Sof this privileged order, ? t who littls been educemeatnt r his support.ure of e public money nor do b- th precipitatin, but ar ctully leishig i t
Se held out to thexpense officers parents or the mtia to improve in ave given your ornte wth e nly4 80 each ye expewith themselves kow these. With the consistency of thch were ajourged by
m tilitar senee, so lig ats rihly favored c And hea e givec my o i cadets 372 00 each syear.o i pattern th I rejoice to have he s ad nothing to do-no
u kro ee, p o after what their merit s may be ; o matter, u havsolong as he are kept in ignorance hat has even answered, because every thing then was carried by























wilinmraw your support from this aristocratic institution, been the case, heretofore, Icnavenoidous butthepeo determined, unyielding majority. On our ownt
de i our country science, or hiowencer w ell have no doubt: ileseon rohtu a c on med no t, in ec t alified gentleman from Ohio says, we must legislate
soon become a part of thded instrom buction ater ocers, to gve ole eeasr circumstances. Sir, tis is the very













,1, ...i.-.- these hI..: Unitesud States. He said, if ourhe was so far as ia is i my power to give t00e people ofi the oly opposed the Uch- urged in part before, but whihod f payermit me tour
< ... *1. ns* : i th e re was an institution now in exist- ed States information, they shal have it on this subject ary officers, asd t now legislate at all. How d ovance
nce in itmust te of Vermont, (he alluded to the school as welm1 ist t 1, a bslle s oe' o t it i we know under what circumstances e next Congresscedet-
l under the direction of wCaptain Patridgth e,) whely red every ets tehat are iot tkeutesma ewi, the above estimated, n
podain drame it wa t etath e ,a m o t on ch we legislate. deny tha any pu be of oppose the din s ution of pay atd sale-
Swouldthis, I ask ou, ir, to furnnsiste thth e plarmy with n prncplent of ev erved from s iask tay Acaem our l aofficiousltary, for various reasons, ut ar-he
icer, could they have a preference given t. Lem, wi th- army wouse, this well o, led with officers without as wither ave begun earlier. He should have
out the expenditure of theublc money to qualify them. perhaps better, and an eqal rtion of mil t ayecase this s not te proper thme to setrea-





























1 am in favor, said he, of military science, when taught so e."* tlPe down la storacm d way tofc mno. osy report of the last session, that loans or taxes would,
mss of the people, and ope to allwhso mty wish kind ofsci- d accessible to all, on te ground of mert alone, and the with tsalaies, I adnit, upo the ssed changeoftimes,































cnce being confined to a few, as is the case, in regard yo1 will alys find a suff t nulber wh l qdle tny Kentucky, (Mr. Andeson,) l regret extremely that thise
o the ourse heretoforand pursuable cod. mp detion, he themselves in order to obtain them so long a you bea little too uched, becaut is it not clear tbeen well ur-
,of tho'seo of Representaltione. to appropriate this patreo- whae t for the purpose ofivi creating a supprtingMou r e i to o f extremto i te c atinvsesrtigation
id e, that benefits are derived byfrom thi s istitu also object to th s itgre difficultinunsettle ad rener fluctuating every sal
tiais mode otha ~brded by this titu6herethner1aisno obet teven-obtaining- a -inquiry rUspCCt- g it, andI fear it ,twill ry, at i time whent the state and ci-umnstances of the na-n1
ali those who obtain so much of the the Execu- i pphre and do merscourge every po tssLble m f e dn- ts are evidently unsettled? Look at st towards us. and
ni te as tog, at the public expense, persons, inot othe y be still toe diilt. to ut it do i. I fear tie o atii- i mportato his and ofi our currency they are at thopl eir
i p se, i us ora vety respeion otab erties, and will not corr havespd-
bil science of the country in general fors those arisy, eto .ei. t h ere tlowestpoint o epres perhaps may haveir alrth eady
Slso lead their sons educated at t rulacademyat he pub- ris a little li the lowest post. Is it not evideit




































o c expense, w ere generally able to give them an edue Co urseA R S H E W A RI ,O t d Up in P "11 the oestabler or cepis o en t d h v-
e se i.h.r i i o tie is I he ehetos trsd, tan tha l pstting, theat te importations l illincrease ; that bank stock is
t sin te- cds e' the commistons i the arm lihe .e utok eald to thils istit ut 6 months of a atl, has risi y late arrangements every gediscountlema prelierring tally,



















as tit hetene irto het cdoenftsis s ire at o it he ste Gceorged who chmmusy cxlls himselth Geog Tyler, is may be aurnised with a sigle bedded room, andi well
tqire mihtary science ine all the other literary institutions because it gives patronuage to tle meeimbca. ofl... m thes p ises, that no mii ca now ins









































t Uie year 181, (about the time the declaration of war it I t i d f^ ve a r sight po t Isesaeen frt es oldies ano man cnan hnow,
ie o two undae d S and fiy, thell amongst the number itialowed s is tos it i de give pat 1 .ge to the .tellwhat would be a adequate salary' dfor ay number of
aw, wiu e pay o sixteen o pe m and ti; m bluers lof this cad of thcoarse Senate, sasdow ack- l as the raed t ir
Wohati e r blevmet asked, could ae h yo unb n Executi ve d ad wh e a, f Dltm other coit is thing not Thea thdge t may e ample payt no this year,will be too
iav e,to acquire omilitaryiievce,d lo isi not made on their particular fes o enjodsawyther, anwh olebenefits little ting onext,d still p ore toppy adequate the exthe after
it privilege rer" bos d ee this vtst ex)entittr f the ptis oey ni do I be- that, Isy- ".,.'-..,. ,, this moment, we not only act with
iof ns1 p leged order or t p how little induce penteth sV ast papts bOft ac a yu-hnes : nlr dI sI
aboe held ut to the officers ofthe militia to improve been lieve they ill nit, fith e in probablythe expendi- p too m h precipisation, but areactut ly legls ating istu de
military science, so long as these highly favored cadets ture of theepublic money on it untilrced to do so by ark ? I know theseic uos ope, y as y anwere urged by
re to old of eight all the ommiss s f yor army their constituets, ill rlai silzet o this subject me on te bill reducing t salaries of military officers,
Y out keep lot all other s to git iaces uto them. Bat, sitr, just so long as the are darkept caigmenorance. That'has two or three days ago, had weight. They weren't
knitw ery lttyoule supporab frout this aristocratic institution, ben the case, heretofore, I have doubt ; but the pe answered, because vey thing then waayor's Ocarred by
and don this system of keeping u a privileged or ple general toy have known little. or nothing about a dead, de t o a law pased, unyiedi byg majority. Oil our othis
eads oueountr tments of t-iece w,heav e oum- b i, principles, and secures it hem in aco ny ucted, so the effect it ity on the e th day of July last, do hereby dereeigh
rsn become a paresst of the instr particulatr friensother acd enjoy- is calculated to produceive the above reward and all r i the follow Sites fr cleaning ish from the
ed a very l ge share of United States. He said, if hle twas so fa- is it nis i llmypo. ter initp to g te e 25eple ofy of May exth viz :
..,.. ,',there was a nstituti now in exist- ed States information, they- shall have it, on this subject reason, urged in pert before, but whieh permit ne to












































mode..r. *.. ..1.. the public money. Establish a few F>rsCite,_Atthe west end of K street north.
ene in te ate of siermont, ( be alluded to the school as well as o i all others. It is their right o to know the t, why we should not now legislate at all. tow dohence
under t direction of Captaie Patridge,) here every purposes to which you appropriate their money ; amind we know u Third Site -what cithe wcumstanes the ext Congress
branch fmilitaryc epene was taught to te same portantfec- they ougd se t to know aetd uwn drstand truly te priiples rm a up meethe sho ere are wePotomat the very heelk; ot merely
tionuc pth ers it waons at est Point, ad he had no doubted other aton which se legislate. deny that any public benefit f the south sion,de of the Congress, legsatigree t we t
Should be s tffie to furnish te army withplenty of elatever is derived from this Militay Acade other. Your ourselves, wite-In a due and becomir g delicacy, bt legCapi-
oU'icers, could they have a preference Igiven them, withe- at-'rmy woaldbe as well filled with officers witlhuotit as with lating,hastily andhOfviciously, for the HextCongriess. Thae
out the expenditure of the publicseioney to qualif them it, perhaps better, and wxith an eqial portion of military e ste o anLd av e u e
Ianl in favor, said he, o.f military science, whein taught ,,icn. Put down this aristocra icy-t is way of mnono- gun as soon as it was ascertained by the annual trea-
onu ally general plan that will diffuse it aenong the great polizing the offices in the army, and leave then free sury report of the last session, that loans or taxes would
mass of the people, and I am opposed to this kind ofsei- and accessible to all, ontile g-ound of Merit alone, and be necessary.
cuice being confined to a ftw, as is the case, in regard you will always find a suffitienut nuiuber .who will quahly Sirt, rit the first geontleiranco addressed yoth th-o
to the course heretofore- pursued. lie denied the right themselves in murder toottain thuee. But, sou bng as you eatucky', (Mr. Antderson,) I reg-aut exta seene* that tlhus
outh tIm house of Representatives to approuriate time peo- keep up this system ofgiving such bountycsithout. re- subject was usoe touched, because, as hs beeen well or-
pit's money to ally ,inche pa trial purp es. 1 c-illt mihet, gard to imerit-thits ssos'e of a kind of hereditary S su;- gtIt is one of extreme delicacy, an tite investigation
She, that st Dare rlu ss l to .cessioi "to.offices froi hich -ll otherser xcl of wLich has hardly ever failed to agitate thee continent
sid lie, that e b Iaenefits are derived t his iS titutIOU 0 and every ,emotive"ill- from one end to the other. This is not all ; for nothing
alh those who obtains so mush of the hfasor of the Execu- I you suppress antl discourage every possible move mi
lee as to get their sons, not only educated at the p public Others to obtain thee .qialihications reqtisite to fill tho, is so well calculated to create distrust towards us.uand
expense, but receive large sums ofnioney besides, as a ofices,. Sochi scourserica elculatediii the end to sap so to heaumble thisbody i the eyes of the people.
bounty. tlse very foundation of' our liberties, and will not (I have
This benefit, I have no doubt, is generally bestowed no hesitation in saying) be supported by the people in
Ott thie richs; the poor nevei- hate, noteses-trill obtain y V part of tise United States, when they t-iliy examine MANSION HOUSE HOTEL.
Much ; ohit1hanetie tdid mter hvew tatitaddede niuch totaimd properly understand the effects that it is calculated Adjoining the s 'shing'on llall, Souoh. T/rdoStreet, l'hila-
tim science of the country in general; ;iii those persons to produce ini our -government. (,euiphie, otherwise called TV, .-., /-,.. sotel.
cc hu had their sons educated at this academy, at the pub- I tN1H4AW & CO. respectfully inform their friends
1,C expense, were generally able to give them an edhu- tIAt.Aand the public that the above establishment is fit-
.inI at their ow"texpeinsesantiwouvold do so if'detivh N A u0 DOLLARS h IVIhh ii). ted up in the best manner for their reception, and hav-
of th i i esixenausebatd tued t, son fsavepved t AN AWAY from tie sbscrtber, hli ivng FairfaxIng --, hI introduced various hio nprovements which
Stis y ut.rcrmena tiemi only' t cutouty, state or" Vi'g'miaronlthe161h instant, the wil greatly add to she comfort of their guests, trust it
tuumxg besides Iotherwis theiuur, and lay up some.-T1 fowing shes :CE.tIt.",, 1.-id M A his weihe, twhii will be deemed worthy oh general patronage.



























all cchen arc nsot a husuitteti tus be eulucatecd thitre frtuti a ,o ,M,--, i,,I ,,.-t,, .- ,, t,.-,. .nror, r. -,,,.

participation, or even a chance of obtaining tose offices ad no state itry 'aiven with the name of th, Sixt site-At the east end of P street south.
Str, I have said, ot a former occa--lon, it wc'as ii arimtI- -
I have sii\d, oi a former occasion, i w s au a risto w, beitco e ed Vw.ia Lt Georget),.w s the Seventh site.--At the south end of 10th street east.
cacy ; and I rl-peat it to be one, of toe rtkest order, t lace o tis rcsideuce ad deceased Eigt site.-At the south end of 14th street east.
-not olh tlno ever existed u tits governi.-, bl t th.td I sus' in rmm o( sud, Henry Bet er can be given, TieF Cm nm issioners of the respective Wards are here.
cver existed in anvy k w i ;i mernmnt L t, face of it will b'e ai act ot hu tato to some ofthe relatives now by required to be vigilat, anul to prevent fish from be-
tfe earth. I have repetedy-. ol ..is- i hue s t posters nhi c,'uIoutir, -wr ho ,e in "reduced circumstt.ntces. Corn- ing cleaned at any other than the above designated sites:
oU this liusdttutio.u to meet Ste (un tiss po ntu, a'h siunw its c it ,-p
She-tl.c ti ta.-, but th,. h11 t is o us i i ion!e:ico;|g-s giving t; it, nt,;Imatiun desired, laddrjsedto ( rovidesdl, nevertlelcss,that the citizens aare not prohib-
-eblnoruitn fatUre's; biut ,cth c ltve hot tS deflt .io N. tumldN r. i th e city o -gt ., it tn. the ig tedo feoim cleaning fish for their Ownl use within their
haven it, or i it ith eir o s e to o cnt.5i, t f 's6t1ict oi Colult : ., b il .aci t ue ireaives tll ersted own I 1,.... o -houses, or do -.estic eC closures.
mGhe s C11Cd to ae i it rL mew. t pct n on thle drecover'nv o the. property ocf r. ci ie:, the Given under m) ht>nc1 the day andt'year above written.
Genite'eIn nth sun.rstand me when hey suppose that i -n atiun. t ae !iborallyr~.ald. SA-L 1 lN. -1ALLWOOD,
I ant opposed to the cucouragem.int of ml-i' ay sulece,. ,a. .-2,aw2m G Mayor.


LOSS OF THE ALLONA (BRITISH) TRANSPORT'. PARCHMENT WANTED IMMEDIATELY.

L.ONDO, JANUARY 12. STATIONERS, .L i ,,t.el a.iof Parcment,
It is with the most poignant regret we have to and others, are hereby informed that Propo-
communicate the melancholy fate of the Abeona sals will be received at the General Land Ofice
transport, of 328 tons, under the charge of Lieut. until 3 o'clock, P. M. on Saturday the 31st inst.
vudge, of the Royal navy, which sailed from for furnishing said Office with six thousand blank
Greenock, in October last, with settlers for the Parchments, for Patents, already cu to the size
Cape of Good Hope. of an engraved copper plate, (from which the ia-
On the 25th of November, about noon, in lat. pression is to be taken,) exactly 161 inches by
, deg. 30 min. north, and long. 25 deg. 31 min. 10. inches, -
west, the Abeona unfortunately caught fire, and The Parchment must be of the most approved
vas burnt under circumstances of the most awful quality, as free fiom holes, stains, grease, and eve-
and distressing nature. Out of a crew of 21 per- ry other imperfection. as possible, and in every
rons, and 140 emigrants, men, women, and chil, respect fitted to receive the impression from the
Iren, making a total oh 161 persons, only 49 were plate.
aved. These are happily all safely landed at The whole number to be delivered at the Ge-
Lisbon, and have subsequently sailed in the Roy- neral Land Office, free of expense, as soon as
al Charlotte, merchant brig, for Greenock, except practicable. One thousand, at least, must be de-
en orphan boys, whom the gentlemen of the livered on or before the 17th day of April next.
British Factory, at Lisbon, have taken under their The proposer may also state what would be the
kind protection., discount (if any) on the price mentioned in the
- The fire broke out in' the after store room, proposals for any specific number of blanks great-
while the chief mate was occupied in some ne- er than here required.
cessary business there-and such was the aw- Specimens of the quality of the parchment re-
ful progress of the flames, that only three small quired can be seen at the General Land Office,
boats could be got overboard, before the flames and a specimen has also been sent by mail to each
consumed the tackles, &c. necessary for hoisting of the respective offices of the newspapers who


otut the long boat.
In these three small boats, forty-nine persons
were received on board, with so scanty a supply
ofprovisions, that the consequences must have
been almost equally dreadful with the untimely
fate of those left on board, had not a Portuguese
ship from Bahia, bound to Lisbon, most provi-
dentially fallen in with them at day-light, next
morning, and received them on board, in which
they were safely and hospitably conveyed to Lis-
bon, after cruising about the fatal spot till noon,
in hopes of descrying some of the miserable suf-
ferers who might have clung to parts of the
wreck, but without success.
Of a crew consisting of 21 persons, 14 are sa-
ved, including Lieut. Mudge, the agent-Mr.
Fisher, the surgeon-the Master of the ship, and
the second mate-the first mate, in the most feel-
ing manner, refusing to go into the boats, saying
that he would abide the fate of those left on board.
Of the emigrants, (chiefly natives of Scotland,)
consisting in all of 71 men, 24 women, 55 boys,
30 girls, only 10 men, 3 women, 16 boys, and 6
girls are saved.

i"'..,: a London Paper of Jan, 18.
A letter from a passenger in the Abeona gives
the following additional particulars :-
6 Every nerve was exerted in handing water to
the mate and seamen who were down where the
fire broke out; but all proved useless, for they
were driven up in a few minutes by the dense
smoke, and the rapidity with which the fire com-
municated to every surrounding object. In 10
or 15 minutes from the first alarm, the case was
hopeless, the ship being in a perfect blaze from
the mainmast aft, to the lower deck, and from the
extensive heat of the upper one, we momently
expected the fire to penetrate it. The skiff and
two gigs were down, and the long boat almost
high enough for clearing the side, when the
flames, rushing up from the after-hold, commu-
nicated with the main rigging, flew up the mast
like lightning, and blasted every hope of getting
her clear.
To attempt to paint the horror of the scene
at this moment were vain. The shrieks of the
women and children, combined with the furious
element travelling on to devour us, formed a pic-
ture of human misery that must rend the stoutest
heart. The panic & confusion were such, that the
long hboat proved too heavy to be launched by the
few who were sufficiently collected to attend to
the orders given, and on the falling of the main-
yard, she was stove. Seeing now all was over,
and the people were throwing themselves over-
board and into the boats, I jumped over, and was
picked up. A few minutes after I quitted the
wreck, the main and mizen-masts fell-the flames
rapidly advancing forward, drove numbers of the
poor wretches on the bowsprit, where it was our
hard lot to behold them frantic, without being able
to afford them the least assistance. You may
judge how the boats were crammed, when hus-
bands, who had wives and children still clinging
to the wreck, exclaimed against more being re-
ceived.
We kept close to the wreck till day-light, next
morning, in the hope that any vessel which mighl
be passing, would see the immense body of fire,
which continued raging till about 3 o'clock, next
morning, when every thing disappeared. A lit-
tle before day-break, the carpenter discovered a
vessel close to us. We seized our oars, and were
on board her in a few minutes. She proved to
b e tCondeca da Ponte, Porttguese merchant
ship, from Bahia, bound to Lisbon. After rela-
ting to the Capt. our history, we demanded of
him at what time he had first seen the light, and
learned with astonishment, that they had not seen
it at all, that their own course had brought them
to the very spot, where the boats were lying.
Some of our party instantly ascended the masts,
in the hope of seeing some of our poor absentees
floating on spars, and after intently sweeping the
horizon, and seeing nothing, the Capt. was indu-
ced to cruise about the neighbourhood till noon,
when he said lie could detain the ship no longer.
This dreadful accident was occasioned by
Mr. Duff, the first mate, forgetting his wonted
prudence, in taking the candle out of his lanthorn
to see something more clearly with, when a spark
from it, or the candle itself,fellon some of the com-
bustible matter around. His griet at having been
the cause of such destruction, made him, when
solicited to save his life, decline it. No," he said,
I pity those in the boat the most; for with us, it
will soon be over, but they will be eating each
other in a few days."
', A Mrs. M'Laren, with her husband and four
children, upon the flames advancing, retreated
into the fore channels, when, recollecting that her
husband was a good swimmer, she implored himn
to save his own life, and leave her and the chil-
dren to the fate that awaited them, as he coulo
not avert it; and her wishes were attended to.
Mothers and fathers, apparently regardless of
themselves, caught up their young children and
th-rew them into the boats ; and in one family,
(Barrie's,) the eight juniors are preserved, one
a child only 15 months old, while the noble par-
ents, with their eldest son and daughter, are num-
bered with the dead."

SUGARS.
fi-HE subscribers offer, at private salt,
10 hIts first quality Sugar
10 bbis do
W. W. COlRCOP.LN C,- .
Georgetown, mar 19-,


will iiinsert tlis adveruSemneIn.
JOSIAH MEIGS,
Commissioner General Land Office,
March 21-4t
The editors of the Baltimore Patriot, Franklin Gazette,
of Philadelphia, and National Advocate, will please to
give this advertisement three insertions, and send on their
accounts.
In the case of Williami Evans's Land.

lT7e State of Delaware, ss.
AT an Orphans' Court, holden at Georgetown, in and
for Sussex county, on Wednesday the 7th day of
March, in the year of our Lord dne thousand eight hun-
dred and twenty-one, on the motion of Zadock Hill and
Mary his wife:
It is ordered by the Court that Lemuel Evans, the eld.
est son df William Evans, late of Dagsborough hundred,
in the county aforesa d, who died intestate, as it is said,
be and appear at an Orphan's Court, to be holden at
Georgetown, in and for the said county of Sussex, on the
third Monday in July, in the year of our Lord one thou.
sand eight hundred and twenty-one, and then and there
accept or refuse the residue of the real estateof the said
William Evans, deceased, af er the assignment of the
widow's dower, according to the form of the acts of the
General Assembly in such case made and provided. And
it is ordered by the Court that, within 30 days after the
date hereof, a copy of this order shall be inserted in the
National Intelligencer for the country, a newspaper print-
ed at the city of Washington, and be continued therein
for the space of four weeks next after said insertion.
The State of Ddlaware, Sussex County, ss.
In testimony that the above is a true copy of the origi-
nal entry from the Docket of the Orphans' Court
for the county aforesaid, 1 have hereunto set my
hand and affixed the seal of my office at George.
town this 15th day of March, 1821.
mar 21-eo4wNI JtHiU STOCKLEY, Clk.
ORANGE HOTEL
SIITILL be sold, at public auction, on Monday the26th
T day of March next, being Court day. The sub-
scribers wishing to retire from public business, offer for
sale the above well known establishment, situated at
Orange Court House, Virginia. The buildings are very
commodious. The house contains 19 rooms besides two
very large porches and entries; 2 of tte rooms are 54
feet long each. The stable is not excelled by any in the
state; it is of brick, in the form of a T, front 70 feet,
back 80, and 30 feet wide, with a never fsilini, s-.r;,gjr
and pool within 20 steps of the door. There are other
out-houses necessary for such an establishment. This
stand is surpassed by few in the state. There is a con-
stant stream of excellent water passing thro' the house,
brought in pipes. This property will be sold on very
liberal terms, and possession given immediately.
PAUL VERDIER & SON.
feb 6-9awds
PUBLIC SALE.
Y order of tle Orphans' Court of Prince George's
County will be sold, at public sale, on Saturdayithe
31st inst. at the house of Charles Jones, on the main
read frdm Broad Creek to Piscataway, the remainder of
the personal estate of William Lyles, late of said county,
deceased, consisting of 22 negroes, among whom are,19
men, 2 women, and 1 boy. Terms of sale : for all sums
ot $10 and under, cash will be required, and for all sums
over $10 a credit of 6 months will be given, on the pur-,
chaser's giving bond with approved security, bearing in.-
erest from the day of sale. Sale to commence at 11 o'
clock, A. M.
mar 14-3t WM. H. IYLES, exec'r.

150 DOLLARS REWARD.
0 NE hundred and fifty dollars will be given for ap-
prehending and securing, so that the subscriber
gets him again, a mulatto man, named MOSES, whole of
the residence of Landon Carter, Esq. late of Sabine Hall
Richmond county, Va. about the first of May last.
t Moses, alias Moses Gissup, is about 27 years of age,
of yellow complexion, upwards 4f 6 feet high, and o.
pleasing expression of face. He is polite, his forehead
is high, running up into points above his temples, his
mouth large, his eyes are lively, and his eye-lashes very
* long. His occupations have been confined to the stable
and house; he is an excellent ostler and driver, and un-
derstands the services of a dining room. In his habits
he is sober and'lazy, which may be observed by his man-
ner of walking, with his knees somewhat bent and his
body thrown back. He is acquainted generally in Vir.
f ginia and in Baltimore, Md. having been used as a tra-
velling servant. He left his late master for no reason
whatever, having been always treated with great kind-
lness and humanity.
I will give 50 dollars for him if taken in Virginia, and
150 dollars if taken out of the state, anl secured, so that
I get him again ; in either case reasonable expenses will
s be paid, in addition to the reward, if the above slave is
delivered to the Administrator of Landon Caoter, Esq.
late of Sabine Hall, Richmond County, Va.
feb 8-2aw2m
FIFTY DOLLARS REWARD. -
BROKEjail on the night of 5th inst. GEORGE HYDE,
who is about 23 years of age, 5 feet 7 or 8 inches
high, a well set man, light hair, which has lately been
n cut, blue eyes, sallow complexion. Had on when he es-
caped a brown broad cloth coat and pantaloons; black
* furred hat, with a sash round it about half worn. The
n prints of his fetters may be discovered on his wrists and"
ancles; the great toe on his left foot is much inflamed,,
so as to prevent his wearing a tight shoe. The above
' reward will be given for his apprehension, and deliver.
ting him to me at the gaold of Prince George''s County.
JOHN PALMER,
Jailer for Geo. 11. Lanham, Sheriff of
P; G. County.
I will give 220 reward for information, so that the"
1 person may be convicted, ot the tact of conveying the
auger to Hyde, with which he made his escape.
jan 20-w3mtf GEO. H. LANI1AM.
NOTICE.
TfiHIS is to give notice, that the subscriber, of Prince
George's County, hath obtained from the Orphans"
Court of Prince George's County letters of administra-
tion on the personal estate of William-Lanhain, late of
Prince G(eorge's county, deceased.
All persons having claims against the said deceased
are hereby warned to exhibit the same,with the vouchers
thereof, to the subscriber, at or behbre the 20th day of
August next; they may otherwise, by law, be excluded
from all benefit of the said estate.
Given undermy hland this 19l) day of Februiary, 1821.
HiEN LY CULVERl
feb 20- wfw adm'r of William.n Lainham.
FOR 8S:\1.",
'"1W0 likely negro tfellows, abiut 22 years ;f'i'c. 'En-
qutre at the tco:'gteoAn i Pe' :'.euai').
Lbar --W ,