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WASHINGTON, SATtIrf AY, MARCH 17, 1821.
PUBLISHED BY GALES & SEATON,
THREE TIMES A WEEK DURING THE SESSION Or CONGRESS
AND1 TWICE Ak T'EiEK IN THE RECSS.
Price, fr a year,-six dollars ? Payableinadvance.
or. six" m art/is, ;' s y' "* "* a .
Those sibscrihig, for n year, who do not, either at thne i' o
order ing theI paper, or subsI(q iently, give notice of' their wish
to hlive'tIhi pp iT isi.,tiniiuied at the expiration oe their year,
will be pea esnucd as desiring its contimnance until counter-
i.anidedl. ani it vilt be continued accordingly, at the option
of the editors.
e Y- -
FRIDAY, MARCH 16.
Amongst the oddest reasons, perhaps, ever
given for discontinuing a. subscription to a news-
paper, is that given by one of our subscribers in
New Jersey, who directs his paper to be stop-
ped, because. the Prcc-edning, of Congress have
afforded him no satisfaction of late."
Speaking of the Proceedings of Congress re
minds us, that some of our editorial friends
have censured us as having spoken in decided
praise of the last Co'ngress. Had we done so,
we do not know that it would have been an un-
pardonable sin, either against truth or proprie-
ty. But what we actually said was this: that,
the memory of the lat (C.ungresswould be valued
according to the merit of what it had done, and
not to the demerit of its omissions ; and that, of
what it had done, much was to be approved, and
little to be blamed. What we have said we feel
:no inclination to retract. The same charity, it
appears to' us, ought to be extended to Congress
which, in private life, is accorded to every indi-
vidual, What figure would any of us make in this
world, if we were held accountable to human tri-
bunals for all the good we have left. undone, as
well'as for the evil we have done? There is not a
man among tis, who has not left undone enough
good to entitle him to a residence in the Peniten-
tiary, if punishment could be annexed to offences
of that description. It is for what we actually do
thatwe are amenable to, others; and some men
might be glad to have it said of them, as we have
said of the last Congress,. that, during the brief
term of their existence, they have done much to
praise, and little to condemn.
A letter from the veteran Republican, Charles
Pinckney, written in the Representatives' Hall,
to his friend in Charleston, just after the recent
dsettlement-a of thno '-qs" e ..i1e.~..s, sn, plnhlish-
ed in the City Gazette, has the. following re-
c, Here let me add, too much praise cannot be
given to those honorable and truly independent
Members from the Eastern and Northern states,
who joined us in thus protecting the true inter-
ests of their country, and for ever preserving the
noble fabric of our Union and government. In-
stead of meeting the disapprobation of their con-
stituents, I can have no doubt they will be ulti-
mately greatly honored and respected for the
high-minded and independent votes they have
given .on this all-important and eventful ques-
This is the view of the conduct of those men
which is entertained, we dare say .without excep-
tion, by the surviving framers of the Constitution
of the United States. We hope never to see the
day when the opinions of such men are not res-
Thomas Settle, a Representative in Congress
from the State of North Carolina, has declined a
TO THE EDITORS.
Gentlemen : will thank you to call the public
attention not merely to the Ides of March, but to
the whdle month. Every thing is, at this sea-
son, peculiarly inflammable. Sat verbum sapi-
The steamboat Dolphin arrived at Nashville,
Tenn. on the 21st of February, from Pittsburg,
after performing a passage of 1S00 miles in seven
days and one hour, opposed most of the time by
strong head winds and a rapid current for 200
miles up the Cumberland river.
PHILADELPHIA, MARCtH 13.
Mr. Forbes has arrived at Buenos Ayres from
the United States. His reception from the pab-
iic authorities and private citizens of that place,
was very flattering to our countrymen.
The Eleventh Commandment.
in the debate on Mr. Selden's resolutions, (the
Citation question,) an advocate of the measure
having stated that Mr. Madison's resolutions of
1799 ought to be received as the political Bible'
of this country : ,
Mr. Blackburn said he hoped the country had
not yet arrived at such a state of moral turt pitude
and degradation as to recognize any other stand-
ard of morals than that to be found in the Scrip-
tures orthe Old and New Testaments, and epito-
mized in the decalogue ; but.if permitted, with-
out presumption or profanity, he would say that,
taking our political relations into view, there
ought to be an eleventh commandment, in these
words : Thou shaltnot, nor shall thy wife, thy
son or thy daughter, thy man servant or thy maid
servant, the stranger, or sojourner, within thy
gates, dare in any wise to mention or hint at a
dissolution of the Union." And then, in a style
peculiar to himself, went on to depict the dan.-
g'rs and hJrrors of a dissolution.
THE GENERAL POST OFFICE.
Mfesrs. Gales Seaton :
I was irforni.cl by a portion of the com-
mittee of Investigation,, that the annexed docu-
ment was to have formed a part of their report,
Presuming that some mistake had caused the
omission, I addressed a note to the Clerk of the
House of Representatives upon the subject, a
copy of whose reply is annexed. I likewise ad-
dressed a note to the printers of Congress upon
the same subject, whose reply is likewise annex-
ed. I shall write to the chairman, requesting
him to cause it to be restored to the proper files.
I deem it due to justice to give the Whole publi-
city in your paper, and I will thank you to pub-
lish it without delay. .
With great respect, your obedient -e- a:in .-
H. J. Mt'r(.,. h-r.
General Post Office, 15th March, 1821.
Clerk's Office, House of Representatives,
Sin: Y..im .t l- i n,,.,ning is before me ; in answer"
to which I l,.oe the Ih.sou to state, that the rcpust ,r ,.j.
by Mr. Phelps, on Saturday evening, was received and
ordered to lie on the table, (the reading having been
dispensed with.) and the report and accompanying pa-
pers ordered to be printed. I never opened the papers,
and therefore can only say, that, if the letter alluded to
formed part of the documents, it will be found with the
report, which is yet in the hands of Messrs. Gales &
Seaton, as printers to the House of Representatives of
the United States.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your hum-
ble servant, THO. DOUGHERTY, Cl'k.,
Hon. I. J. MEIGS,
Post Master General.
Washington, Tarch 6,1821.
There was Tio letter from the Post Master General,
accompanying the second report of the Committee of
investigation, as delivered, at the office of the Clerk of
the House of Representatives, to the undersigned.
GALES & SEATON.
General Post Office,
March 3d, 1821.
Hon. E. PHELFS, Chairman of the
Committee to Investigate the
concerns of the General Post Office :
Sit : It was stated to the committee, in my
previous verbal cornlimunications, that, owing to
the state of war and other circumstances, the con-
tracts for carrying the mail between Richmond
and New York, and some others, were partially
vacated by my predecessor in 1813, and ne,v a-
greements were entered into, making adequate
compensation for the service.
It seemed to be considered in my conversation
with the committee, that the route from Wash-
ington to Fredericksburg was, on account of the
increased pay to Col. Tayloc, the strongest case,
and that was taken as a sample for investigation.
My remarks in relation to that route apply in
extenso to' all the others, with the exception of
an .iddiiondal tinrl pier ecl ier. c-r Fredericks-
t'u oiI '!l I -i .-ri u ,.llr; I nh1 >m
ville and Staunton. I am now advised that an-
other portion of these routes has been started in
the committee at this late hour, and that it con-
tains the aggregate payments for carrying the
mail on the routes from this to Fredericksburg,
already discussed and reported on, with that of
four or five other routes, and that those are con-
trasted with the aggregate of the payments, that
might have been made in several years, if the
contracts had hnot been vacated. But it has al-
ready been shewn, that the carriage of the mail,
according to the contracts, was not then satisfac-
tory to the public ; and it is difficult to perceive
the utility of contrasting an operation which an-
swers its object with one which has become use-
less. The accumulation of the amount of ex-
penditure on many routes, for several years,
serves to make a great sum, but by no means
shews its disproportion to its real worth.
But it seems we must at this late hour recur
to first principles; and the chairman has asked if
I had a right to alter contracts. The Postmas-
ter General has by law the power of causing the
public mails to be transported in such manner as
he shall deem expedient and most promotive of
the public interest. The law declares, "that he
shall provide for the carriage of the mail on
" all post roads that are or may be established by
" law, and as often as he, having regard to the
, productiveness thereof, and other circumstan-
c ces, may think proper." And, in the schedule
of the contracts, provision is made for any alter-
atin which the Postmaster General shall direct.
In a country like this, where new villages,
towns,counties,& even states,arecontinuallyrising,
the post office arrangements cannot be perma-
nent,butmust vary with the exigency ofthe times.
It was under this authority, and the then ex-
isting circumstances of the nation, that my prede-
cessor made the alteration, which produced the
enlargement of expenditure.
When I afterwards came into the superinten-
dency of the department, I did not deem it de-
corous or expedient to annul the arrangement of
my predecessor, supported as he was, in that ar-
rangement, by the highest authorities of the na-
tion. But if I had, it would not have been prac-
ticable on this route, even after the return of
peace; for, as I had stated in my communication
to the former committee of Investigation, a Steam
Boat had been established between this place and
The price of conveying the mail by contract
was predicated on its being carried in stages, to
be supported by passengers. This price Was al-
together below the cxpence of carrying it in cur-
ricles. '*The establishment of the Steam Boat
took away the passengers, and of course a sup-
port for the stages. They have not run since, ex-
cepting for a short time in the winter, when they
cannot carry the mail. The establishment of
the steam boat applied with like injury to the
stages running between Fredericksbur'g and Rich-
mond; for the Steamni Boat ran to suit its own con-
venience, and not so as to throw its passengers
into a line of stages that could carry the mail;
and no alteration could be made in the arrange-
ment of the mail to suit that object without pro-
ducing an inconvenience to the large cities from
which most of the revenue olf' the establishment
was derived. But, if thie contracts had not been
vacated in the beginning, uK, material advantage
could have been derived from it, or Itie proprie- .. THE CITY HALL.
Lors could not have -'I. -s iied ii ..a sense, with- :
out certain loss, if not ui,-, ; .,1 new contracts In Board of Common council.
would have been as high, and probably much Alarch 12, 1821. Read and ordered to be published.
higher. If the committee .hal ..-. to believe. WasIrVroT, MAYorn's (FFICE,
the compensation paidto i.- cr -..' ..r. too high, MAae 12, 1821. S
the contractors were at hand and .)uld have been I transmit to the Council a report of the Coin-
surmmoned to shew their actual expenditures, n- i.-:. In. s of ilt. City Hall, together with the ac-
They could have given them all 'IL nir,1,tix- in comparing documents.
that respect, :,.e.:c-.r) to tlie .i- i .lirn olfa pro- SAML. N. SMALLWOOD, Mayor.
per estimate. O Off e Com,,missioners of the City uHdl,
The subject has been in the a .di of the com- lMarch 7, 1821.
mittee.upwards of three months., Fh chairman The Commissioners appointed to superintend
has indeed been out of health a short time; but the erection of the City Hall beg leave to lay be-
there has been most ample time tbr a full inves- 'fore the Board of Aldermen and Board of Com-
tigation, when the chairman wa-.in healb. mon Council of the city of Washington, the fol-
There has not been. time,;sjace your commu- lowing Report of their proceedings up tothe pre-
nication of l. ..-a l ,) a. .pit o-y theIipirti!.etpr mail ae
on sundry r,..'uI, -,., to i, hi.v.: I me. i make On entering upon the duties assigned' to the
a proper coni,.,,.,-,, ..i,, .,,i .... f .. ,. ulars. commissioners, the first subject which present-
sBut I find it enL.,':.:,, ;. n,, .....,.! ,.'II.li fo. ed itself for consideration was the propriety of
services in 1813, f,. t ,,aL i L ; n.,1) between' hagin, ,he -te otof the City Hall from the Ju-
Richmnd ,an _L.hirliits,i, .r ... r, I: si ,r' ,u ars- to such other as might beselect-
-ts. i.e Pt ,,is ,,at ,s., .., reli=.:- t c n ed. After. L.;::.,,,i aCaS. p' onal examination,
President's dispatches in relation to the cnclu- it was deterntned that the public reservation,
sion of peace; 'but the whole amount has not yet No 10, was a situation mor suited to shew a
been ascertained. In c indhn mty rear-s, building which is to embellish our city, and bet-
you will permit me very respectfully to add, that, ter calculated to answer the purposes of the citi-
in investigating the concerns of the General Post
Office, the office itself would seem to be the pro- zens tenerally,,than the Judiciary Square; i ti
per theatre for operation. There the books, pursuance, therefore, of authority vested in the
per theatre foir operation. There the books, pa- Commissioiers,they made respectful ap,,li .,ir-,n
pers, officers,and clerks, are all at hand, to shew to the President of the United States, asking his
what mray be desired, and to elucidate what might te exchange the Judiciary Square foh
appear-tohe doubtftil-.. These the condensed permission to exchange the Judiciary. Square fol
appear to be doubtful These the cndensed reservation No. 10. They were not so fortunate,
statements rendered to the Treasury can neither however, as to obtain that permission, but in-
shew nor elucidate. And lhe-, although I hav mediately entered into contracts for the erection,
had the pleasure to see all the other members pon the Judiciary Square, of that portion of the
the committee, I have not had that ofeeing your- ity Hall designated by the Arehitect, Mr. Had-
self, the chairman, at whose instance the inves- field, upon his drawings, as section No. 3.
tigation was instituted. I am sensible that a Previo)us to the conclusion of the contracts, it
practical economy is every where due to the was determined to face the basement storv with
principles of this government; and, though a de-
,prnciples oftie govlrnmenandbthI a baeashlar, (ftee stone) and also to add four- feet to
cided friend to official responsibility, I may eits elevation, thereby making twenty excellent
permitted to observe, that the Chief of a Depart- roons, suitable fbr offices, which, at the original
ment has every motive,, of loyalty to his nation, height of eight feet, could answer no valuable
of honor, and of justice t to his own moral and le- purpose, and besides adding .to the accommoda-
gal obligation, and of respect to his own reputa- tions of the house, it is 1.1cheL tI lhat it will es-
.tion, to avoid an unnecessary and oudig-al dis- sentially contribute to the grandeur of the whole
bursement of public moneys. If a contrary pre- building ; this alteration was met by the -ready
sumption is to prevail, the rule of law is reversed, approbation of the architect, and is the only one
and a system of political ethics is to be intro- which the law permitted the commissioners to
duced founded on palpable error and injustice. make in the original plan, and they feel great
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your pleasure in saying that it is the only one which
R. J. MEIGS, Jr. they could desire to make.
On the 22d day of August the corner stone of
the building was laid, and, notwithstanding the
[COMMNICATeaON-. advanced state of the season, it has attained
No. 2167, in the Grand National Canal Lotte- a height which the commissioners believe to be
ry, 3d class, which drew the splendid prize of equal to the most sanguine expectations of their
20,000 dollars, on the 30th day's drawing, was, fellow-citizens. For a more particular state-
as predicted, sold at Tyler's Termple of For- ment of the progress made in the work, they
tune-where all prizes. -.'" Octnseqicin., in this. refer to the report ol the Architect upon that
-t"aa v .-.;,-. n-ave been sold, and paldt on o
demand, anio.:.-'IL. to itnrly oo100,O00 ,ars. i f"le whole amoouit t tmoeiy drawn rom n11 11.
is S19,325 82, leaving an unexpended balance
MARLBOROUGH COTILLION PARTIES. of t274 18. Of this sum S2,000 have been ad-
M Rladies an FTZGERAL htlems te honor ofiar ig the vanced to the carpenter, $600 have been paid for
ladies and gentlemen of UIrpei Marlborough and
its vicinity that the Cotillion I:uti, by subscription, brick now on hand, and 1l,000 have been paid
which was to commence on Thursday the 8th inst. will for graduating the square and erecting a pump ;
positively take place on Thursdty the 22d inst. Mr. so that the actual cost of the building, at its pre-
Edward Belt and Mr. Charles Carroll, who are appoint- sent state, is S15,725 82.
ed managers, will have season tickets of invitation sent Contracts have not been made for the porti-
to the ladies. Mr. F. will spare to pains to provide the porti
,best music; and will also introduce the most fashionable cos, the rough casting on the outer walls, nor the
Dances. finish of the basement story; but, excepting these
Gentlemen wishing to subscribe will find a List with items, the commissioners are of the opinion that
Mr. Adams, of the above place. Their company is ear- the sum of thirty-five thousand dollars, in addi-
maresly16co requested ion to the money already appropriated, will fin-
ish that part of the Hall now commenced. This
COTILLION PARTY. calculation is founded on the minute estimate of
M R. FITZGERALD, by the solicitation of his Wash- the architect, herewith submitted; but, as the
ington friends, begs leave to inform the ladies and specific fund intended for this object may not be
gen tleren of this City that le will give a Cotillion Partry
at Mr. Brown's Tavern, on Monday evening, the 19th adequate to the expense of finishing the build-
inst. when Mr. F. will, by the general consent of the la- ing within the present year, it is proposed to en-
dies, introduce the most fashionable figures, of the sea- close the whole house, and finish only such part
son. Mr. F.will also procure the best music for the oc- of it as may be required for the accommodation of
ca kets of admission for gentlemen to be had at the the city councils, and their respective officers.
Baickets of admission for gentlemen to be had at This may be done for the sum of twenty-five thou-
mar 16- sand dollars in addition to the appropriations al-
FOR REN'T, ready made.
,HE two new two story brick Houses fronting on Ca- By the foregoing statement it will appear that
Lnal street, and immediately in the rear of Messrs. the whole expenditure, proposed to be made, will
Ingle & Lindsley's hardware store. They are suitable amount to S54,600, including S1,000 for gradu-
for small families. Possession may be had on the 15th ating the square ; although the sum is greater
April Apply to G. C. GRAMMER, than was originally intended to be laid out oni
mar 16-eotf opposite the U. S. Bank. this part of the Hall, yet, when it is considered
PROPOSALS that its permanency and security have been in-
ILL be received by the undersigned Commission- creased by vaulting the principal story, and, by
ers until Wednesday the 21st inst. forfobrming 14th adding to the elevation, its convenience and beau-
street west, between F and g streets north, according to ty have been made worthy of the City Hall of
the exact graduation, and gravelling the same wnihin
three and a half feet of the curb line; the gravel to be 9 Washin'ton, it will be admitted that the increas-
inches in the centre, and 4 inches next to the gutters. ed expenditure has been judiciously applied.
E. G. HANDY, The commissioners also present a statement
commissioner 2d ward. of the contracts made, and which have been en-
JA \VIES HIOHAN. tered into upon terms highly advantageous to the
mar 16- G assistant Commissmoners. corporation. All which is most respectfully sub-
A COOK WANTED. SAML. N. SMALLWOOD,
A GOOD Cook for a small fainly is wanted to hire by R. C. WEIGNiTMAN, ,
the month or year, to whom fair and liberal wages JOHN 1'. IN(;Li,
will be given. Enquire in the Navy Yard. None need THOS. CARBERY,
apply but such ala one as, can come well recommended WILLIAM PROU'T.
for honesty, industry, sobriety, and cleanliness.
mar 16--df Report of the progress made in building the City
NEW SCHOOL. Hall during the months of e.ugust, September,
ARENTS and guardians of Washington are respect- October, and .NV'ovember last ; also, the state of
Fully informed that a School will be opened in a the building when the work stopped for the
commodious apartment in west G street, on the 19th winter season, 1820.
inst. by Miss Very, for the improvement of young ladies
and misses in Reading, Orthography, Writing, Arithme- On the 16th August last the ground was mark-
tic, Geography, English Grammar, History, Rhetoric, ed out oh the Judiciary square for building that
Drang, Painting, and Print work, together vitha portion of the adopted plan .which forms the half
and ornamental Needlework. of the whole intended building, which includes the
The number of Scholars islimitedto thirty. whole of the principal front on the south aspect,
Terms per quarter from three to fifteen dollars, and extends from east to west 250 feet, and ftron
Reference to be made for further particulars to Mrs. north to 'south 93 feet.
rown, of Georgetown, or the Rev. Mr. Hawley, of When th ground was laid out, the digging of
mar 16-3t the trenches for receiving the foundation walls
On these footings have been raised the main
r i.,- i ri..r. walls, of proper thickness and height;
good. walls have also been raised under the- in-
tended Court House and public Library,' for
ic., :i 11 ir tie vaulting of the basement story,
to correspond with the other vatulting in the said
The whole of ttic above work has been execu-
ted vith good materials and workmanship, hav-
ing strong. andl well executed inverted arches un-
der the projecting pl'lticos, and under all such
openings whose width renders it nre-: '-,' for
giving to tlie superstructure an .- ,l t ,e.,il. o0n
every part of the foundation.
A pump having been fixed in the spot which
will hereafter form the open court on the west side
from the centre of the blildlir., is.r;."ling a.copi-
ous supply of excellent water, and a quantity of
materials of the best quality having been provided
through the vigilance and good management of
the C, I. -'i.,it- i .te bu ildi ri; commenced with
spirit, and progressed by industrious persever-
ance ; and, notwithstanding the advanced period
of the season at thte .- tatig of the work, its for-
ward state at the cisu! ': die season w'~h..t nat- t
fail m givmin general satisfaction.
The contemplated depth of the foundation, all
over the building, -::. ... ril Ih, five feet. which
is the height of the foundation at thl west end ;
but, in consequence of the unevenness of the
r .ui,.I iL has '\S. ., i :.'i-pc sbl necessary to
raise the i:, ,d.,,i...i walls on the east side of the
building twelve feet in height, for the purpose of
,. i." the four'dation wtih the, graduation of
the square ; the. average height of the foundai
tion may, therefore, be reckoned at about seven or
eight feet, of good and substantial work, now en-
tirely under ground.
When the foundation walls were raised to their
.present height, and levelled, a good and substan-
tial scaffolding was raised by the diligent super-
inztendence of Mr. H. Smith, after which the :eoe-
stone commenced to be set on the east front.
The brick work also commenced at this peri-
od, and after the stone basement had advanced to
a considerable height on the east front, it was
commenced on the west; thi \, l..Is of the foun-
dation at this time being finished and levelled.
The brick work continued to advance in rapid
progress, except during some inri. 0ai-. of bad
weather, until the end of the building season.
State of the City Hall at the end of the last sea-
The foundation of the whole building, includ-
ing the foundation of the porticos on th'e south
front, is completed.
All the spaces within, the foundation walls,
throughout the building, are filled up with earth
as high as the top of the foundation walls, prepa-
'-.at161 fur receiving the ,va ninrit'.f the basement
The ground on the outside of the building has
""i ldu biick woikTs aif arted-etaircr,-ca. --
ing, as high as the springing of the vault of the
basement story, which is to the height of seven
feet from the ground, levelling on the outside.
The freestone basement, on the east front, is
raised as high as the springing of the segment
arches of the windows, forming a height of 7 feet
from the top of the foundation walls, and an ex-
tent from north to south of ninety-two feet.
The freestone basement on the west front is
raised to the full elevation, forming a height of
twelve feet from the top of the foundation wall,
and an extent from north to south of ninety-two
feet, corresponding with the same extent of the
, The materials for all the carpentry and joiners'
work have been contracted for by Mr. M'Lean,and
his work will be in a satisfactory state of forward-
ness by the commencement of the building sea-
Messrs. Birth & Cook, the contractors for the
freestone work, have in readiness on the spot the
whole, or nearly so, of the freestone necessary to
complete that branch, with a considerable portion
of the cornice of the principal order, and other
parts of the freestone work, already executed,
and ready to set whenever the buildings in a state
of forwardness to receive it.
Abstractrfom the nitnute estimate of the eene ien comp i letting
that portion of thie City ljlial, already comnnced, except
the finishing b Sement and porticos.
Cost of the whole of the brick-work, externally and in-
ternally, from the top of the basement story to thie squar-
ing of the walls at the full height of the building', con-
sisting of 980,830 bricks, 9,810 00
The whole of the carpentry and joiners'
work, including the roof complete, and all
iron-work and hardware, &c. 7,024 00
All the freestone work for the present
building, including clumps, &ic. (5,181 33
Slating the roof, materials and all included, 2,012 50
All rendering, and plastering, three coats,
including all materials, &c. 2,261 70
All the painting and glazing, 1,380 00
Completing the brick-work of the base-
ment story, and all the vaulting, 5,320 00
Contingent expenses, 600 00
Unfinished basement on the east front, 400 0o
8 34,989 53
Mr.H. Smith informs me that there is on hand,
at the building, nearly all the scaffolding that
may be wanted; there are also about 100,000
Architect City Hall.
Ui ,a,,,t .,,,. Feb. 22, 1821.
7'y IE heirs and representatives of the late Jasper M.
SJackson, of' Prince Gecrgi'e's county, Maryland, are
requested to meet the adtiiinistrators, either in person
or b attorney, duy te, authorized to receive far them, on
Fri-daV the 30th inst. at 10 o'clock a. Ii. at tie lht.se of
commenced, and proceeded with alacrity and Mr.. Win. Rosls, innkeeper, in te town of iila. leisburg,
NOTICE. precision ; the bottom was found to be firm and for the purpose of receiving" their distributive sl.haes ol
TOTICE is hereby given, that an election will be held solid in every part, and suitable to receive inte o the iea o estateof't latedof the amount
N at Petercriffin's, the lateresidence ofWm IR. Mad-' I- buisdin toierrone "lt e"an- l l belong' ll ric Llsit ,Lo ot the late ka-
dox, on Thur'sday the 22d inst. from 10 A.M. to 5 P.M Al.t endet build rg tter-eon. per M.ackson. t.
for i, member of the Common Council, in the room o After the corner stone was laid, on the 22d oi A\t I JACkKSON,
C. B. lamilton, Esq. resigned. August last, the stone foundation was conunenc- ii. M SC, ai. a
S MORDECAI BOOTH, ed with a fo .tiing o' three feet in width, aind f MIISOMAS BOW. iE,
,JOHN WHEAT, ASti ble ; 1 t ^ the ,min',is-ttrators ." -o .. oi ,d al
DAN. CARROLLon f Dd s tr'n le sui't. t t tc i" ..... "'. itu a mitsiir'.ors dc bwow ,non oh 3- Jackson.
mar 16- C iio l' eight and width for the interim crli arrtv wall,. march 16m..-
_ _IP II
y -"- dtion is gradually diminishing that evil, and I The present race of people in Hayti are nearly awards them and their posterity, as well as to WASHINGTON.
COMMUNICATION. know of no mode so likely to hasten the removal all natives of the island; and in a few years more ourselves, important benefits. -
f aouseor weaken its effect, as the every originalAfrican there VWill be dead. The more this subject, is investigated by un- The followingletter,from the pen of the geat WAsH.
icsof people of colour. Consequently, the Schools are fast spreading over the country ; prejudiced minds, the greater, I think, will be the N W, probably contains the first suggeto of the es-
To the erican Society for Colonizing the Free abolishment suggested at Gonave, in the very every successive generation mrst become more 'importance attached to it. tablihhmentuof a Navy Yard at the presentseat of govern-
People of Color of the United States. heart of the Haytian dominions, is an object of enlightened. It embraces-considerations, not merely interest- ment, and is in all respects a very interesting paper. We
On examining the various reports of-the A- high importance to the republic, and one in Commercial intercourse with the civilized ing to the christian and philanthropist, to the are not aware that it has been published, before it-tound
merican Colonization Society, to the present time, which the existing colored population of the isl- world, and respectable establishments of foreign- statesman and philosopher, but lays claim to the its way into the New York Literary Journal, from which
it is evident that the distinguished individuals who and are deeply interested. ers in every town and village of the island, is ra- peculiar attention of every citizen of the United we copy it;
have taken an active part in this philanthropic en- The late President Petion was so well con- pidly improving the condition of society, Look States. WILLiA \l1 D. ROBINSON, MOUNT VERNON, SEP. 26, 1798.
terprise, are not dismayed by any adverse cir- minced of the necessity of augmenting the race of at what the population of Hayti has become in the Washington, March 12, 1821. Sir: It will afford Imepleasure to give you any
cumstances which have arisen in the experi- colored people, that he adopted every means in short space of thirty years. From 'a state border. information in my power, and any opinion, so far
ments'that have been thus far made on the coast his power to encourage marriages between the ing on brutality, they are now enjoying the bless- as I am able to form one, on the subject of your
of Africa; but, on the contrary, they are giving blacks and mulattoes. Motives of interest as ings ofself-government, and av.,ncin, rapidlyin NEW CIRCUS-Washington City. letter of the 16th inst. which did not come to
manifestations of a persevering spirit, which re- well as philanthropy will urge the government the march pf civilization.- hand till the 24th. I cannot entertain a doubt
fleet on them the highest credit, of Hayti to encourage the plan in question. We venture to predict, that ,the period is not POSITIVELY THE LAST WEEK. but that it will be the policy of jthi ,-untry to
It is far from my wish, by any suggestions I ft may be thought, by many persons, that Pre- distant, when these descendants of Africa Wvill For the B fit of t create such a navy as will protect our commerce
may offer, to thwart the laudable objects of the sident Boyer, and other distinguished men in occupy a rank in the social state surpassi,,g even Forthe Benefit of te .from the insults and depredations to which it has
Colonization Society. I flatter myself though, Hayti, will reject the idea of ceding Gonave to the hopes of their most zealous friends. It is only .asofnic Naval Lodge, of this City. been subjected of late, and to make it duly res-
that if, in the plan now submitted, there'should the Colonization Society, and will be desirous of in Haytithese people have yet had a fair oppor- On This Evening, March 17, 1821. pected. To effect this, there must be, as you ob-
be discovered any thing new or interesting, it will retaining complete sovereignty and jurisdiction tunity of unfolding their moral and physical ca- The performance to commence, under the direction serve, atleastone navy yard established for build-
not be opposed by the Colonization Society, on over whatever spot the emigrants may settle on. pacities. of Mr. W. West, with ing ships. That this should be under the eye
the ground of its tendency to derange their views These are questions which must remain open It is in vain to say that our republican institu- A GRAND of the government, and as near the centre of the
on the coast of Africa. to discussion between the Hayti government, tions in the United States have allowed them a TURKISH PARADE, United States as can be fixed with equal avan-
There is no doubt that the civilization of the the agent that may be sent there, and the emi. fair participation I-,n our poiic:al and civil rights. And Mlameluke Entree, with 16 Horses. tage to the whole of the community, I think no.
inhabitants o Africa is an bject of deep impor- grants themselves It is in vain to deny that .these people have beeri To conclude with comil icated Military Manoeuvres orre will deny. Whether or not the states to the
inhabitants of Africa is an object of deep impor- grants themselves. Iti"nvi o eyrkn_
stance to the christian and philanthropist; and, if The government of the United States do not and are still am-ong-lasas a degraded caste offree- D 0 N q UIX OTTE. northward of the Potomac are able to supply
.a colony of free people ccrtild be established on appear to have wished any thing like colonial ju. men ; and it is lIkc ike in vain to expect from AND SANCHO PANZA. timber for ship building, in such quantities, of
that coast, it would rapidly extend the blessings risdiction over the establishments that have been such a class of people those duties and affections DonQxotte Mr. W.aWest such qualities, and upon such terms, as may be
of civilization over that section of our globe. No attempted on the coast of Africa; they merely which constitute the great cement of society ; Cont Almaviva Carnes desirable, is more than I can tell. But I will ven-
citizen of the United States would rejoice more afford a protecting countenance towards them; the fatal effects are already experienced in every Milber Burslem ture.to say, that no place- either north or south of
than the writer, if the attempts already made by and I should wish to see the same extended to city, town, and village of our country. Captain of Banditti Lawson this, can be more effectually secured against the
the Society should be crowned with eventual suc- the proposed settlement on Gonave, because it Our penitentiaries are crowded with free peo- Banditti, Messrs. Moore, Jones, Welsh, Theyer and attacks of an enemy, and that Ohe banks and vi-.
cess. There are, however, other objects which would inspire the emigrants with confidence and ple of color, not because they are by nature more Belmont Lawrence cinity of this river, both above and below the tide
the government and people of the United States gratitude, and would render them less liable to be- elcpr .1 thatn the hs, but because insur rw ar'r Johnson Napi er andStuthburyence water, are well known. Whenever the navigation
should rejoice in seeing speedily accomplished, come involved in the future feuds that may post- ,,ou1::.I-le plejudires on the part of the whites Countess .Mrs. West. above tide water is completed, (which I trust will
and which, in my humble opinion, are of deep bly arise between the blacks and colored people of have rendered the civil condition of people of The performance of the two wonderful Ponies,and the be at no distantperiod,) there will be opened not
mortance, viz. o eti. color unfortunate, real American Poney. only an inexhaustible store of timber for building,
imTo acoura e the emigration of free colored Whether the island of Gonave is cdeded tothe We all admit that their existence among us is The Clown's whimsical Joke of making the Pony but an abundant supply of the largest and best
peoplef ro th Unitd Statesoyvconvihcngseh16thClonizatio Society-tian assocation of astsa ofrany 'd1m61sandsshigh
people from the United States, by convincing them Colonization Society-to an association of peo- a ,e,-ou- i;1 consequently, every effort to era- a laughable scene with the Clown and utterly white h.e exteees, for masts oft any dimensions, a
that it is not merely our object to get rid of them, pie of color, or held subject to the exclusive di- dictate or diminish that evil, is sound policy, and Alheceo w te v n a fav rt n g b r they hive extensive forests of them about the head
but that, wherever they go, they will carry with reaction of the Haytian government, are matters whether.it can be done best by pursuing the Burslem. ofthe evening, a f of th e Potomac ; besides which, no parts of the
them the protection of oar government as well as not neceSsary now to be enlarged on: we takeit scheme of sending them to Africa, or by the S LCK WIRE. United States afford better cedar and locust than
the landwaboes theouiver.izeusknow thatWiro.
the tood wishes of our citizens. /. for granted; that the government of Hayti will be adoption of the plan I have suggested, are ques- Miss DUPREE will go through her astonishing Equi- the lands about the river. You know that iron
To place these people in a situation where disposed to make every liberal arrangement on tioas worthy, I think, of serious examination, libriums in fill swing. o the. best quality can be furnished from the
the} can exercise their moral and physical capa- this sibjecl; therefore, let us proceed to take a I am well aware there are no ordinary considera- In the course of the evening, a Song by Mr. Burslem. works on the river, and as cheap as from any
cities, unclogged by the unfortunate distinctions brief view of the consequences that, in all hu- tions that will make the members 6f the Coloni- EQUESTRIAN EXERCISES, part of the United States; and the establishment
and disadvantages which attach to their present man probability, will result from the establish- zation Society divide their efforts between Hayti By Master Carnes, a native of America. of a public foundry and armory at the june-
situation in the United States, I presume, is the mnent in question, and Africa; but if the reasons adduced in this STILL VAULTING, tion of the Potomac to Shenandoah will afford
desire of every liberal minded citizen ot our The vicinage of Gonave to the United States memoir are not of sufficient weight to induce ,B# the Troop of Flying Phenomena. no small advantage in arming the ships.. Thearti.
country ; and, if these objects can be accomplish- is, in my opinion, a very important considera- them to give a cordial support to the plan pro- YEAMAN, THEt FLYING HORSEMAN, cles of tar, pitch, live oak, can be brought here
ed by planting a colony or colonies elsewhere tion, particularly to the emigrants, because they posed, I flatter myself they will, at all events, not Will go through his feats of horsemanship, in which he at least upon as good terms as to any place north
than on the co-st of Africa, I do not presume it ill thereby be enabled to enjoy a prompt and oppose its being executed by any other associa- stands classed the first in Europe. of this; and itf hemp, cordage,. kc.are to be im-
will be contended that such an experimentshould free intercourse with their relatives ana friends in tions which may be disposed to make an expert- TALh erforman Lawso onc deWith the UNTEDy ca rt y come here as ptl as
not be made, merely because a benevolent society the United States, the want of which mustalways nent. Doors open at 6, and performance to commence an 7 ho mp they p ar taihe iomer States. But shoulder
had previously commenced a similar experiment be a serious obstacle to the growth of the settle- This, like many other projects, will be pro- o'clock. BOX 75 cents ; PIT 50 cents-Children under dempble fur)shed friom ourt lands, (whichisvery
on that coast. ments on the African coast, nounced visionary, by men who disdain taking 12 years of age 26 cents. desirable,) this river is the market to whichit
I have been led to make the latter remark, not Their transportation will not cost one-fifth of the trouble event reflect on these subjects ; and mar 17 would be most likely to be brought in the great-
from a belief that the enlightened members of the what is necessary to take them to Africa. The it is very p.,bible that among the advocates of est abundance. Foil, to say nothing of the rich
,Colunization Society will, after mature reflection, climate of Gonave is salubrious, while that of the slavery, this memoir will be honored with eppo- "EF'V CIRCUS-Washington City. bottoms on this river and its branches, which are
be hostile to my plan, but because, in a conversa- coast of Africa is generally fatal to all foreigners sition and objections. exceedingly well calculated for raising hemp, it
tion casually held with some persons 'connected of every color. At the Island of Gonave the But what substantial reason can be urged a- MR. JAMKS' WEST-, is so valuable an article that it will bear transpor-
Beiiv.g solicited by a number oi lis friends to take a station across tihe Allegan~y from the rich lands of"
with the Society, I learned that all attempts to emigrants would find themselves in the vicinage against it? s th- Flln,: of Hayti with a race of Be setul ifrst d e station across themntyfrmhe an a roterich lands ot
induce the free people of color to emigrate else- of a people disposed to form with them every so- freemen soterrific in anticipation, as to give birth of Washington City and feor.etown, and their vicinities, e uo wer t ca a ey wl
where than to the coast.of Africa, would create a cial and political tie. to fears and apprehensions with the Southern that his Benefit will take place on produced in large quantities. With respect to
despondency among the people who have already The very clearing of the land would be a source planters ? Hayti is already in possession of co- Monday Evening, March 19 security against the attacks of an enemy, no place.
gone there, an:d probably lead to the abandonment of great and immediate profit to the industrious lored freemen.' The entire island, at their fiat, Ob which occasion hi humbly solicits their patronage, can have advantages superior to the Federal city
of the scheme of colonization uon that coast, laborer, fr every mahogany and log wood tree can be wrested from Spain; population will be bei most assuredly the Last Night of the Company's and Alexandria. Should proper works be erec-
-61. I ca bewrsta frm Sai ; opuatin wllbe y'sarl Aedxon drge'Pinta. S ho uldtiron orksthe eto
I will avoid all comments on this point, as, well cut down constitutes at once an article of corn progressive, and whether added to by natural in- prformintg hisseaMson.W, will mtrodue' b ea on digse' Pot at tCe, jutcwonl o thePto-
from motives of respect for the characters of the merce. crease or by accession of those emigrating from fi en Iors, iWest wi introduce' a aeti- ac and owe Piscataqua Creek, it would not beln the
individuals who compose theColonization Socic- Agricultural tools, provisions, and every thing the United States, can make no difference in re- Tricks, which has never appeared in public before, and pwer of all the navies inEurope to pass that place,
ty, as from a sincere belief that, if my plan should 'necessary for the advancement and comfort ot lationto the anticipation of the Southern planters; has been broke within these two months in this city. and afterwards be in a situation to a, ,i.i.fl
leehonored with their support, it will pave the an infant settlement can be obtained from the the island will become filled with a dense popula- To conclude with the grand dramatic spectacle of above ; for every vessel in passing up the river
way, at no distant period, for forming a much United States by a navigation of 10 to 12 days. tion, spite ofall enorta .., ...,..at it; and they TIMOUR THE TARTAR. must, from the course of the n h:, .c ,,. an tihe
more efficient colony of fi'ee people of color in The productive industry of the settlement will wiv ne our neighbors. t,:t, 1, Frt.... .. .................. ..... .iiact L st, .. -o in so narryweas to .>e nlt i, b ut ..! t a-et --,
*,*,,' U vh... c Ar- --iL.v .ur .i -^ i-,^ ---v -*" w l.l e retain o*i.-.iiui e l!,.ut^,,l. ol A Grand Precession over the Cataract, with all the going abreast) present her bows .to that point
"^M i rn *-[ll 'li-ir no i nua.x i l<.1 z cn'- ''h" ^*''les "ill of c.-... i-c ke-p up a .:..ian- ;na i, C., may make thoem, if not open enemies, Tartars on Horseback, followed by the Princess on her long before she comes within gun-shot of it, and
Soierv in.the United States nrinr ,, t tl ae cial intercourse wth their coex o., in the at least hostile to every tCling like a cordial com- Arabian Charger. [For characters see bills] continue in that direction until she comes imme-
tocieon ofmy in i ates, prior to ti e rejec- United States,in preference to any othc-icountry, mercial intercourse, and wanting in good feel- The performance to commence by Master Yeaman, diately under the point, from whence shot may
tion of my scheme, to give it a delibeate and imr- It may be said that the Island of Gonave is of ings towards us ; but if they shall behold us who will dance a be thrown upon her deck almost in a perpendi-
parntal eaminates o desaring, atthesame i too limited extent fora large population, but I .,,.,;,,, ,,..atetheconditionofthe black Iornpipe in wooden Shoes on the Tight Rope. cular direction. Should she be so fortunate as
yreadiness o n wtat i oa nya consider its dimensions of sufficient extent for w,,, ,,.1,-r, / ill arise, and more es- New Feats of to pass the works, she must expose her stern to'
nent or opin. ons that may be adduced against the experiment; and, by the time the population .,,,, ,,, i, te case, when those who are Ground and Lofty Tumbling, the fire from themes far as shot can reach, 'i 1,.,
thnlan.p -n l bcp, n bi7 f Tbecomes crowded, (which will be when the island transplantedfrom the United States mingle ivith by Beimont, champlin, Welsh, and Yeaman, Clown. exposed to be raked fore and aft from such a dis-
HaTlirre is in the great bay or bite of Leogane, in has about eighty thousand inhabitants,) they those of Hayti, and who, .,;i .. g,,t .ifor our Master Btelmont tance, without once being able to bring iher broad-
ot 32 malsinale i and, clin breadth. It iwill then spread themselves on the adjacent favors, will inspire friendship towards us in Will Swallow a Sword 22 inchesin length, side to bear upon the fort, we can rear-ly see
about 32 miles.in leng, and 10 breadth. I shores of Hayti, where territory sufficient will others. which, if requested, will'be offered for inspection, how almost impossible it will be for a vessel to.
etas ee n inhabited butaby e a few fihes leT be found for the subsistence of an immense po- I was conversing a few days ago with a mem- New interlude, called the pass this place, provided it be properly fortified
nonts ab os t n exLe b' anrb isla soin ith pu.lation; besides, it necessary to remark, that ber ofb the Colonization Society, and w ho is a MERRY GIRL, and well supplied. And what makes it the more
tVestI dies; all its indigenous productions all that pat of Hayti at present under the domi- man distinguished for piety, and for having opre- Or, Laughing and Crying Philosophers, important, is, that it cannot be attacked by land
of a quality super or toany pai t of ayti; it a- nion of Spain offers a field for the subsistence of sented various schemes for the gradtial emanci- Philosophers lBurslem andBellmont with any prospect of success, for it has the river.
boundsin fepfrorests of ao any artd tog wood i ons patron of Slaves. Unfortunately this christian Merry Girl Miss Dupree on one side, Piscataqua Creek on another side,
its waters abound in te finestash and, indeed, i It constitutes at least two-thirds of the most and philanthropist happened to be born in the EQUESTRIAN EXERCJSES-By Master Carnres. (each nearly a mile wide, and the opposite banks
vaUESTble EanRd of HayMastrin thes.(each fneavly a mile wide,) and the opposite banks
is considered the great fihery of Hayti; itwould valuable land of Hayti. West Idies, and had education, imbibed the n the course of the evening, a song, ny Mr.Burslem very low; a very deep ravine (level with the
be capable of sustaininge a much Lfeater iould W hen I reflect on the precarious tenure of most strange and unconquerable prejudices STILL VAULTING, creek) on the third side, from whence the height
tio, thatle Danish scand ef San ter pou la- Spanish sovereignty over that part of the island; against the negro race. He confessed he abhor- By the Troop of Flying Phenomena. is almost, if not altogether inaccessible, and a ve-
il may bte considered extraordinary how a wsot wen I know that, in the first serious dispute be- ed them, and could not bear the idea of their YEAMAN, THE FLYING HORSEMAN, ry narrow approach on the south side. In a
of so much importance should have remained teen the Spaniards and the Hayti government, conlitaminating our white race. He declared Will go through his Feats of orserrmenship, in which word, the works might be insulated, and one-,
unsettled. It is explainedas foilows : t country must fall into the hands of the latter self an enemy to slavery, and that he would e stands classed the first in Europe. range of.batteries over another constructed, suffi--
During the period that France held sovereign- thout scarcely a struggle; and' when I consider do all in his poyer to emancipate every slave in ar cient for a hundred or more pieces of cannon.
ty over the Islao.d af St Domingo, the govertn- hat te nominal possession of the territory csts the United States and in the West Indies, but PUBLIC SALE. Another advantage which this river affords, is
tu 13 virue eta decree of Charles county Court, sittingtalatouhtedsanei h ous fh i
mentwere particula anxious toreventthesetthe Spaetslsh government a great annual expendi- that when free they must all be sent to Africa. I vitthe of a decr of Chaales county Coutt, although the distance in the course of the ri-
mert were particula:'lv anxious to preventthe set- ueaI Ytitnve a b f nialertt
ementof Gonave,because they wished o p rid that it never can be of any value to When I stated to hinm that this wa3 impracticable the highae tirersubscribe rwichllxsel to ver, from its mouth tothe Federal City, between
WhenI statd to hP-e-thththi wasaimcolticbleith highetvbiddrthnatiuaythe 23 Marchnextbtd4d15,too20 milesayythe om3t Mherch, neaout Ce
serve its fine forests oftimber for tihe future usetem as a cony, it is obvious that, under such as well from their numbers, as the various other o'clock, P. M.; in the town of Port Tooacco, the follow- 150 to 200 miles, yet, from the heigs about Ce-
of the Frenchsnav o This cr utn e e circumstances, Spain ought to be glad of an op- reasons, the worthy zealot got into a serious pas- ing tracts or parts of tracts of land,to wit: part of Green's dar point, (says Laidler's Ferry,) no vessel can en-
er with the fear of its becomin a spot fo contra- portunity to cede the country for a very moderate stion, and declared nothing- was impracticable to Inheritance, containing 276 acres; Friendship, 118acres; ter the river undiscovered; and by means of sig-
er with the fear of its becoming a spot for contra- sum. Inhrrtancecontaiingo2menreo;Frtin enlar.18 adrs; tertheofiethu .....e
hChristians arid to en of tire enla d Hamilton's Woodyaril, 53 acres; nsaxe unknown, 12 nals established on the prominent emitences be-
band traffic, nded therenh gvrmet o The preceding observations, I think, shew that Colonization Society.' I foun i w in vi to aes; an t t of re 3, ontn n te Feeta is y nd o t mf and e
Islandof Goave, fr thepresen, ari the-rgueewth thsrgentemenasno iowas'llavan toaares;sndiparoofeGeen 1i.0, 36,ecotainin in tectheaederahCityinotic therofnan iofete and
persons from locating or cultivating ona an Gonave, for the present, and the argue with tlis gentlemen, and I could not avoid whole 926 acres, more or less-it being the land mort- e Federal C tice thereof, and of the nu-
Since the revolution in Havti, from 1790 to uncultivated part of Hayti for the future, afford. reflecting that if there were many members of gaged by JohnlmWeightmian and Sidney his wife to It- ber and description of the vessels,may be convey-
the present time, neither of the contending par- territorial space of sufficient extent for the corn- the Colonization Society who thought as he did, bert W. Harper. The property is well improved and ed to these places in a few minutes. Besides,
ties have been som sittedr o turn threaten forta le settlement of every man of color who the emigration of free people of colour, confor- prodi c''ed, th s property will be sold all together or there e not many winds I believe that will serve
ton to the seenlso ost Gonava, becattus hadt may choose to emigrate f'om the United States; able to my pl-n, would be frowned on by that s are:on str chase, t bnoeeinrctwo equal pay. vessaelsd t the ldistancef How far tCe ply ac
been attempted by either, they would have bee an it certainly holds out inducements to emigra-' society; however, I flatter reyself that, as the ments, one at 6, the other at 12 months from the day of marked out in the plan of the Federal City for a
exposed to be cut off by incursions andh indeed ion in nicely greater than to Aftrica..... greater portion of the members of that body have sle, the purchaser to give bond with approved security, marine hospital, may be eligible for a navy yard,
as there was a superabundance of n territory on t think it is not hazarding too much to say, been born in the United States, they have none of bearing interest from the day of sale. When the whole either from situation or extent, I am unable to
the main island of Hayti, the inhabitants ha n no thtor ivert1, te persons which the Coloniza- those insurmountable antipathies to people of poei al; e right andeest Joh n Weghtmn this saby From your knowldge and information on
inducimesla to extend their settlement to Go to Ay, weir exertions, may induce colour, and will rejoice at seeing them placed in and Sidney his ife, or those claiming under them, to subject you are better able to judge than I
nave. o e go to Aiica, five hundred will give-the pre- a situation where they can exercise all the attri- the purchaser. am. But that docks, or dry docks, for building-
As tbe civil wars which have been raging in ference to Gonave. bates of rational beings. feb 13-w6w NICH, STONESTREET, Trus. and repairing ships, are essential to a navy yard,
Hayti are ten ciated(at least for the present riave heard itsuggested by some respectable It is in the Island of Hayti where the expert- TWENTY DOLLARS iEVWARD. is certain ; and thcrc is no doubt but abundance
moment,) by the death ofeChristophe, and the individl s, that doubts were entertained as to ment has already commenced, and it is thither I ) AN away from the subscriber, who resides in Star- of water to supply that, may be had from the
government is now consolidated o a republic, it the policU e our encouraging a great colony of wish to see removed our coloured population. -l ford County, Va. on the 1st January last, negro streams you mention. And I think it is by no
appears to me an auspicious time to carry into t ee coored people i Hayti, on the supposit The sooner that Island becomes settled by an manr 'amed JERYeet blacrksmith bih rhdeh s boute4d means chimerical to say, that the wgter of the
effect the plan I have in view. tat at some future day it might be dangerous to industrious and enlightened n Ie the safer years of agem 5 ee 9JR a blachk s hi, slebter made, Potomac may and will be brought from above the
appcars tL mei anaupicioti e our southern states i industious and enlightened people, the safe, not very black, and of thin visage; he is tond of tobacco, great falls into the federal city, which would id
e I propose that the Colonization Society shall Similar apprehensions were entertained, many neighbours will they become, even to Jamaica and carries it generally in his under lip before he speaks, future afford an amle supl f t whis oub
se.'nd an agent to the government of Hlayti, for the (ea.a, (n on gon n and Cuba, and any dangers ever. to be ap- as if he had something in his m.uth. If'necessary toex p apply or his object.
pups f obtinm a o mal cession of the isl- byteina hitago nt on theoutnds o Jap a ical s faton, prehended from them in out" southern states, I amine himparticular~y--he has arupture near his groin, But after enumerating all the superior advanta-
and of Gonve. It ismy opinio that it an be tly ean I taconosithr sperfeotlymaicimebicconsiderpereectlychamedickin11 aveetslaod!chase, by astranandashbluetpaerloonthinowneteanages yaric th verritehifgorislordthenesablishten
obtained without any important pecunih onsi vted,hrishavernment bhaveitngcsie dlisco-t in the West Indies should eventually become ret mchworn wch hee aypobly wter c ts e of a watr a nd e this is dsoeipend upointhe
deration, but if any shoul be requiredIitawiilibe aduceeseetinaourppowerwhatHnavi isuat-peeery our poerfulanavy turtheerrytwaf nanuaryutlast,1andof Jthar anastccurdteeexamienataons of so shootantbe point
suchton b umta is f no shoulnbsequirced compalbereduce til iaitants of Hayti to a state of co- uantees- us from injury ; besides, the interest of am informed he said he intended goiog" hn ;i ......i.,i. .a... a nacrt eaiaino t hud ae
to the msmaisude of tne o suct. onua servitude, and as all the powerful nations those people will always lead them to avoid'hos- ,hodotf Hay Markete h Prince William county, tousee andou reliance Placed upon Vague information.
T the mgsenitu Peident (Hoyei) o, the H fti rope had agreed on abolishing the traffic, utilities with the United States. is tr*"ther. Hehas a wifeat Mr. *ohn E ad',jus Should it not be found sufficient for ships of
Republic, anal his Secretary, i nnac ar n i slave twars itrnecessary to adopt a few poplcye above Falmouth, Va. He is well acquainted in Alexan- the line fully armed and provisioned, might not
1tu.n. 1 u d 11 cindy, mgi a, are men ol towards Hayti, treatineg them as a freepeopnle: I have noticed with pleasure that the goycon- dria, where he once was taken at worte in the streets some measuresp bc tken t de en the chfannel
,1. ..nds, and are ambitious of performing hence, notwithstanding all "he p udices and re. ment of Hayti have j.:,. ,,i. evinced a disposi- when runaway, and is prooablv there at thi., time. The overth a r lan P
such acts as wiil give them renown in the civil- .. t, ..p.c.juc.. tln te pnennr~ o-p th, .,- .. i; ,-, -fr.^ .. constables will please keep a look out for him. The over, nh .bar..at M aryland Point, the only place
izcd world; rd no act, i mv ouinion oul-1 'the in al-)uant of Jamiaic a, the 11U11. LU CU,,K 7,U L :1,1 -1 01 People1 C aO vreadwlbeienu ypesnwoild-tateqre to, ghntanalaseloa
'. m. the habitnts o Jamaia, th g p p o co above reward will be given to any person who will de- thatan a l
ainzd wrld ; ad no act, i y opinion, w ould r !sh governmenthas steadily pursued a course lour from the United States, and I likewise ob- liver Jerry to mne, or cure him in jail, so that- I get depot for provisions be established with security
gine oreappase and result, than their of amicable intercourse wih Hayti, and the most serve that an associationhasbeen formed in Ma- him.- I believe he was formerly the property f' a Mr. below the shallow art of the river, where shis
cring foriv as Se avowed prtctors of eve- enightened rnen in Great Britain have displayed ry land for the same object ; but, in order to carry MilUshett, in lDuinries.' Any person who may take him ) h ightarm and take in their rovs ei e s. hp
1y frer an a ctir o .,Alor, c ..I ... on icthem to an an.i y to omote the blesi the plan into I i.. r n scl i up will please give me the ear liest entice. My address
come and su, in Hayai or its. ncolebourhood tI.oh i ngso civiliza-ocscasend Tewr well liswthowvts ier, orane e wish te cheav are nn Ss, which
The blacks at ircc t.- have ne il ul t"Ioughout a island, T hey were well v ts P ance, is t o-peation .,-f StaIord Court [louse. Va. may or may not be worth attending to.
Te,- um i ..', l D"elca sup aware, n:! all history proved, that a body of ig- the Colonization Society,, our government, and G. WASHINGTON.
riirity rn the isa,., anh here is ;o doubt that tUrnt men were nmucL easier led to canIerous the citizens in general. UNION BANK STOCK.
bef th anc the ,rnultoes have hitherto 1, js, b e m d If'this is done, we should soon find our cities t7.eANTED, 50 shares Union Bank Stock Apply to
exis.ed serious jealousis; but tie ad educ- than an enlightened community. d of coloured people, hereby performing orgetow feb10- tfW r description exeted at this Ogice.
SATURDAY, MARCH 17.
Florida -The Legislature of Louisiana seems
to have been disposed to have put its veto
on the Florida Treaty, had not the President
and the Senate of the jUnited States been too
quick for them. The following resolution was
reported, in the House of Representatives, by the
committee on so much of the Message of the
Governor as related to that subject :
Be it resolved by the Senate andi House of fle-
presentatives of Louisiana in General AIssembly
convened, That the Florida Treaty has no equali-
ty for its basis, ought dot to have.been concluded,
and should not be ratified by the Senate of the
United States; that it has not been sanctioned
according to customary forms, and that the Sen-
ate of the United States is no longer bound in du-
ty, honor, or good faith, to carry it into effect; and
that copies of the foregoing be forwarded to our
Senators and Reiresentative in Congress.
Not to speak of the improper intrusion here
proposed by the government of the State of Lou-
isiana, on the powers exclusively delegated to the
general government, it dues excite our special
wonder, that LOUISIANA, of all the States in the
Union, should have undertaken to protest against
a Treaty, which has done that for the security of
Louisiana and "of the commerce of the Gulf of
Mexico, without which both must have been
ever held at the precarious tenure ofdependence
on the good or ill will, or on the good or ill tem-
per,.of the most petty naval power. We do not
like to see this querulous disposition in the Legis-
lature of Louisiana, the State which owes to the
liberality of the' Union so much-even the boon
of liberty itself. Moreover, as a general remark,
if the States would have their true rights un-
questioned and respected, that object would be
,best assured by respecting those of the Federal
government, and bv refraining from attempts to
defeat or, control their exercise.
On the subject of Jf'rlit;c'it.,i,, too, great com-
plaint is made, from the 'same quarter, against
the general government, for having done so little
in 'this way for the defence of the shores of Lou-
isiana ; whilst the iIct is, that, by a vote of the
IH-ouse of Representatives of the United States,
almost equivalent to a direct vote of censur', the
Executive, has been intelligibly told, you have
-.Pprn .riaiti and intend further to appropriate
three times as much money as you ought to ap-
ply to that very object. We do not agree with
the House of Representatives in this sentiment,
'On the contrary, we directly dissent from it, aid
sincerely regret that the appropriation was re-
fused : but we mention it to shew that a proper
sense is not-entertained, by a part at least of
he lc*:slat...i i of Louisiana, of the frank and gen-
,erous disposition of the present administration of
the government towasI~ra that action ,C our
THURSDAY, MARCH 15.
Mr. Chieft Justice MARSHALL dclivecil tire
pipniun of the Court in the case of iller's heirs
vs. Kerr. Decree affirmed. Each party to pay
-his own costs.
The case of Taylor's lessee vs. Myers was ar-
gued by Mr. Doddridge and Mr. Scott fort the
plaintiff, and by Mr. Brush for the defendant.
FRIDAY, MARCH 16.
Mr. Chief Justice MARSHALL delivered the
opinion of the Court in the case of Bowie vs.
Wheetright. Judgment affirmed.
Mr. Justice JOHNsON delivered the opinion of
'the Court in Kerr vs. Watts. Decree reversed
Mr. Justice JOHNSON delivered the opinion of
the Court in Leeds vs. the Marine Insurance Com-
pany. Decree affirmed.
Mr. Justice JoHNsoN delivered the opinion of
'the Court in the case of Union Bank of George-
town vs. Hyde. Judgment reversed.
Mr. Justice LIVINGSTON delivered the opinion
of the Court in the case of Otis vs. Walter.
Judgment reversed, and venire facias de novo
Mr. Justice TODD delivered the opinion of the
Court in Clark vs. Graham. Judgment affirmed.
Mr. Justice STORY delivered the opinion of
the Court in Preston's heirs vs.Bowmar. Judg-
Mr. Justice JonSON delivered the opinion of
the Court in the case of the Mutual Insurance
Company vs. Taxon and others. Decree affirmed.
The Court adjourned sine die.
Despatch the life of Comrnerce.-A quantity of
merchandize was shipped at New York on the
16th ult. on board the Decatur for Wilmington,
in N. C. and the same delivered from on board
She Steam Boat Henrietta in Fayetteville on the
.d, a passage from New York to Fayetteville of
TrUEN'ON, (N. J.) MAica 22.
Jtdanc.choly.-We are informed that on the night of
the 6th inst. a dwelling-house, near Moorestown, Bur-
lington county, was destroyed by fire, and, melancholy to
relate, a young woman aged about 17 years and a single
man between 30 and 40, were hurnt to death. The own-
er of the house, an infirm widow, was rescued by the
man from the fire, who, afterwards returning to an up-
per room, to save his property, was overwhelmed by the
LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES
Second Session Sixteenth Congress.
r HIS DAY is published, and for sale, at the office of
. the Nation;! Inrte'ligericer, the Acts passed at the
Second 5esslon of the Sixteenth Congress- price 75 cts.
rnntfi*'* Cl'^.T' *7'flfl TT-'f v
uItRT a. .L. i' It u J. FOREIGuN INT.LLIGENCE,L_. lTe Ksing or Span lias been invited to the
\ --- Congress of Laybach, and the Cortes were sum-
This compliment was rendered to Mr. CLAY, coMIrE roT F rO THE LA-T EENGLISH PAPEis. moned to deliberate On the measure. By the
on WVednesday afternoon, at Brown's Hotel, A London paper of the 18th January says:- Madrid accounts, we should infer that the King
agreeably to the intimation given in our paper That after along discussioinin theCabinet Coun- will comply with the invitation. Some maintain
of the same morning. The number of per- cil, the Earl of Liverpool and Lord Castlereagh that the King of Naples has been ordered to Lay-
sons which attended was large, considering the sct off together to Brighton, to lay the results bach, and tha. there is a design to ensnare or en-
shortness of the notice, and comprised many of before his Majesty. The matter probably alludes trap him. Writers who hold.this language also
our most respectable citizens, visitors of the city to the course which they desire to pursue on the predict that the affairs of Spain and Portugal, as
as well as residents. Those members of the latmeeting of the two houses, and upon which they well as Naples, will be canvassed, and an attempt
Congress who were yet at the seat of govern- are to take the King's pleasure. The rumour in made to undo the work of reform which has been
meant were invited to become guests, and most the political circles is, that the Speech from the'commenced. Mean time, the preparations for
of them attended. The entertainment:furnishedl throne is to be extremely moderate; that a pro- war, on the part of Austria, proceed with increas-
by Mr. Brown was better than could have been position is to be submitted to the Commons to ed activity, so that she has now more than 200,000
expected to be provided so hastily. Hatter fix the Queen's establi-hment at ,.,, ,.,. a year, troops in Italy., One half, as is said, will be em-
Jones, sq. actedas Prtssident and y Judge ei the sum offered hr t. O r, that Min- ployed.against Naples, and the other kept as an
asVicePresent ssistedbyi- isers are to stand or: fall on the question of the army of observation, at the foot of the Alps, on
man and Thomas Dougherty, Esquires. Time restoration of her Majesty's name to the Litur- the-confines of Lombardy. A triple alliance is
did not allow the preparation of set toasts, but the gy. Upon this point they calculate on a majori- talked of between Spain, Portugal, and Naples.
following sentiments were offered by different ty of. c.c,,.i,. which, in the House of Commons ,n p
gentlemen after dinner, and drank with great is less than a majority of nine in the House of S I T H P
cordiality. Many of them were evidently the Lords. SELLING AT HALF PRICE.
offspring of the topics and tone of conversation It world seetr from the purchase by the British LONDON, DEC. 20.
which happened to prevail at the moment. Se- Queen of Marlborough house, that she has de- Yesterday, Patrick O'Shaughnessy, an Irish-
veral of the sentiments drank were not written, termined not to leave the Kingdom, whatever an, was brought up in te custody of a consta-
and were not obtained for publication. n to the KindoM, whatever an bo t ip in the custody of a consta-
an were not obtained or publication measures mny be fixed upon by the Ministers. ble, charged by a linen draper in St. John's street
By the Hon. Henry Johnson of Louisiana. Thomas Jef Fresh rumors are set afloat every few days, of with assaulting him, and creating a riot in his
ferson-.the Declaration of Independence, and the acqui- changes about to take place in the ministry, but shop, wichcaused a immense crowd
sition of Louisiana, will immortalize his name. sop, whichcaused an immense crowd to asse-
By the Postmaster General. The Genius of Eloquence they are all probably without foundation, It is- ble before his door. )It appeared that O'Shaugh-
--may she ever devote her powers to the purposes of likely true that ministers tendered their resigna- nessy was passing by the complainant's shop, and
Conciliation, and never to objects of Division. tions immediately after the failure of the Bill of seeing a bill on the window with the words-
By the Hon. Mr. Brush of Ohio. Free political insti- Pains and Penalties; but were prevailed on by .' !llrL kics at half price," written on it, he went in,
tutonse earth keeping plante wither the march rollsfemire, waves." while ... to retain them. It is now said, that and, after looking over some blankets, he picked
By Thomas Dougherty, Esq. Conciliation and mutual should the arrangement which they mean to pro- out one, and, on asking what the price of it was,
forbearance as efficacious in maintaining ,. ...,:, as do. pose for the Queen, on :he mn ti-ri;- of l-'alia- he was informed it was five shillings; he ordered
mestic union and happiness. menti-not mect the support of 'a-decdi. d 1.ajiui.o it iio he' cut off, idii, h as ni-rc : it was then pa-.
By J'osiah .iegs, Esq. (referring to the spirit of pre- ty of tile house of commons, they are determi- pered ; e to it up and, laying down half a
vious toasts, and to the turn of conversation on recent ,nedto remrrain no longer in office crown, he watook it up, an, ayingt, own he was
events in Europe contrasted with our own political con- crown,he was walking off with it, when he was
edition, the happiness of our union, &c. offered as a sen- In No. 148, of Voss's Berlin Gazette, various. .tpped by the persons in the shop until he paid
timent a few words, which all would know.. -, t-. i..I reports are related which, as the Editor affirms, the otlhr half crown. O'Shaughnessy refused tha
By .. country-when we forget her were in circulation at Vienna, respecting the ap. pay any more, alleging that, fom the statement
By,.may God ..rm'c o us nr-e wproaching events in Italy. The author ot tIe :- i on ilie bill on the window, he had no right to pay
The President rose,u and said to the Corn ticles says, that these reports contradict -acI nio, e than half price for it, which he did, for, on
he was about o propose a tast, to which he '. ar- vet he mentions, as .mnsinvo from good au- being told the price was it sh.ilhrn,,,.hc immedi-
was prompted equally by his own feelings ach d e tI', that the cabinets of Troppau had resol- -,cly) pai'l down 2s. 6d. which was the half price;
by .the consentaneous sympathies of the whole ved to make anotiler attempt to induce the par- and he insisted upon taking away the blanket; a
company-with a single c'c pti.., ; and to that ty prevailing at Naples, if not to overturn the scuffle ensued, and a number of persons collet-
individual, I can make, said the President, no new order of things, at least to bringit, by means ed around the door; at lcrnr-th a constable ,ia
otindividuer apology han the. allowable freedom ofia of various modifications, nearer, to monarchical sent for, and Mr. O'Shaughnessy was given in
friendship which.took its root in the affections of principles. The article addsasa certainty, that charge,
early youth,. and ever since has i]:.tr,,d in thte 'on the 20th of Nov. couriers were despatched to Mr. O'Slau.:hiesy complained, in return, of
estee of manhood. I offer as a toast, Naples with the final proposals of the Sovereigns. the ill-treatment he received of ih. ,nnpl.l ,iisait,
Our distinguished guest and friend toast, : An impenetrable veil still covers the delibera. for lhe c,,.,-il,.red five shillingstc. t. th lull pli,.e
and may the regrets and wishes of his c, ,E..n..,, -tions of the Congress at T.roppau, and it would of the blanket, which, on i,..in inI-. iri- price, he
and may the regrets and wishes of his c no' l",. ,7' i-
ing withll his private convenience, -speedily restore him be presumption to say any thing respecting them. was told it was, and the bill t, ,ie 'r i .rlow stated
to the public councils, which his genius and experience So much, however, we are authorized to declare, they were sold at half rice, which he paid with-
should enlighten and sustain ; and to the society of this that no idea was ever entertained, for a moment, out any demur, and nit a..-, I ing more was an im-
city, which his manners have adorned. at Troppau, .f .ft,..ci ,ti,:. wirli Ihe party f, i l position. .
This toast was received with enthusiastic and ing at '. ... ,, to nke proposals to it to The complainant stated that, in fact, wh'0t he
reiterated applause ; which having .,,b-lihdrl- change the n. .A ,.i ,.lc-tr .h!.Ir ,i.. This would be, luni,)c ,l w, % no more than half price. Along
Mr. Clay rose and, with visible emotion, ac- in other terms, recognizing the I:,. ,1;, of an in- ..rg,,m,.nt !. place, which was highly entertain-
knowlec-.zd halt though it had been his fortune, Zurrection, the instigators of which were a secret ing to all present.
in the course of his life, to receive several simi- political sect, and Whose instrument was the ar- At length, the magistrate interfered, and ad-
lar marks of approbationrom his fellow-citizens, my. There cannot be a thought of bringing a vised both parties, as neither had suffered loss, to
'he had never experienced, on any occasion of constitution which is the product of an unlawful rest satisfied, and each to take his own.
the kind, emotions so strong and so difficult to power, inore or less near to the monarchical orin- Both consented; Mr. O'Shatughnessy took back
express ; nor was this surprising, when he found ciple. The monarchical principle rejects every his half crown, arid the linen draper took back
hi -self thus honored by a company which he institution which is not determined upon, ,nd ac- his blanket; and so the case ended', after causing
might view asa packed jury of his friends; from ,:omplilthed 1. the monarch hinielf, of his own considerable merriment.
some of whom, it was true, he had dillf .l, on io iic i.
imporrt:,nt political qurtUi-,i.n-, but who were, ne- It is for the King of Naples, when he shall be
vertheless, dear to mn. Ilie verdict which they in a state of liberty, to introduce into his king- pC;P The Rev. Mr. Gurley will preach in the
and all present had now rendered in his favor, he dorm another constitution ; that is, so far as he Treasury building to-morrow morning, at 11 o'clock.
was proud of, and it would always be remember- shll be convinced that such a one is adapted to March 17.
ed with th,,fnls~, recollections 6. th wants and the wishes of his people, It is, The Rev. Dr. Milledoler, from New-York,
Mr. C. adverted to his retirement from public therefore, wholly unfounded, that, on the 20th of awit preach in tr. Laurie's church to-morrow si it,
life, and the causes of that determination. It'was November, two couriers were dispatched to Na- ast e o'clock
induced by the highest of all obligations-a man's pies, with.proposais to the present government : Tre Female Missions ry Society will meet at
duty to his family and to his own personal inde- only this is true, that on the 24th the Monarchs Dr. Laurie's church oh Moday nSext at half past four
pendence, which could only be maintained by dispatched autograph letters to the King, the o'clock, P. M.
such a competency as would secure him from contents ofwhich, however, are entirely unknown. March 17-
the necessity of looking for support to official fa- It is likewise entirely false that the conferences
vor and emoluments. To remain longer in pub- at Troppau were, adjourned for three weeks. SALE O FURNITURE, Sat theGARS, &c.
lic life would be highly injurious to his private These conferences have not been a moment in- ennsylvania avenue, I shall sell a quantity of new
concerns, and, to prevent them from running into terrupted. and second hand Furniture and other articles, as follows:
disorder and derangement, he was obliged to re- The brass founders of the British metropolis 2 second hand Carpets
tire. Personal independence of thought and ac- are preparing a more splendid procession than 4 Bedsteads
tion could in no other way be fortified and secu- that which accompanied their former address to 1 'g, ,gr-mh,.V.ne dlan." Table
red. Mr. C. remarked upon our happy union, her majesty. The deputation will consist of -, -. d I.t le ,
and the excellence of our political institutions, about 700 persons, headed by six men in com- I dozen elegant rush seat Chairs
which, notwithstanding some defects might exist plete suits ofarmor, the others clad in half ar- 1 knife Case
in them, and some occasional errors occur in mor, each individual bearing some emblematical Lot dish Covers and Heaters
their administration, were the best with which device. A deputation of the coopers will also I dinner Service
any nation was blessed, and ought to be religious- wait upon her Majesty on Monday, with an ad-es egar Also
ly cherished by every patriot. Mr. C. next ad- dress from that body. They will carry in pro- 2 casks Spriggs, asserted
averted to this city, its history and prospects. It cession a handsomely gilt cask, with suitable in- mar 17 M. POOR, auc.
had been visited by a great disaster, he said, by scriptions On one hoop there will be the figuresBUILDN LOTS FOR SALE.
the sudden incursion of a barbaric enemy, whose 108, the never to be frn'gotten minority that voted BUILDING TS FOR SALE
course was marked with desolation.- But this in favor of her majesty. Deputations ill also a credit of 5 o 10 years, to persons that will pnt
calamity had no other effect than to enlist more present addresses from the parish ofSt. Mary le prhase money to be paioemd annually or sem; interest on the
strongly and deservedly the sympathies of the Bone, Kensington, the London industrious class- They contain the whole of square No. 386, on the.Mary-
nation in favor of its infant metropolis ; on themes, glass-blowers, carpenters, and tin plate work- land avenue, between 7th street and Potomac Bridge,
citizens of which he concluded by invoking eve- ers, the latter four carrying emblepis of their sc- near the 1 ..-.e ,f the late Robert Brent. Apply to
ry happiness, and on the metropolis itself a pros- veral trades. mar 17 JOHN BRANNAN.
-perity and splendor worthy of the immortal name Mrs. Carlisle has been tried in the Court of
which it bears. King's nch i f a s lie NEW-ORLEANS SUGAR AT AUCTION.
which it bear's. King's Bench, ifor a seditious libel, approving 1LL be sold, on Win. Fowle & Co's. wharf, on
[Mr. C's remarks are given entirely from me. the intentions of the Cato street conspirators." W THIS DAY, the 17th inst. at 10 o'clock, thr car-
mory, and the report furnishes a mere outline.] A great crowd attended, and the defendant ap- go of the schr. Tea, consisting of
Mr. llrush of Ohio asked leave to add, for himself and peared in court with a child in her arms. She 100 hhds New-Orleans Sugar
for his friend (Mr Clay) who came from the West, a seu- was found guilty. Terms liberal, and made known at sale.
timent. It was- T S. A. MARSTELLER, aue.
The good people of the City of Washington-distin- The Jews are forming a colony at Tiberias, Alexandria, mar 10-
guiished for their urbanity-and hospitality. and many of them have sailed from Odessa, dur-
By the Hlon. Henry Johnson of Louisiana, (who asked ing the year 1820, for Palestine, CI.OVER SEED,
leave to offer another sentiment.) The City of Wash- The celebrated Fohuche, Duke of Otranto, Ihas rThOMAS HUGHES has just received an additional
ington-under the fosteringhand of wise and prudent recently deceased ; and M. Mariette the ex- supply lw of 40 bushels of Clover Seed, which will be
national councils, it will attain a degree of .splendor, and Con ventionalist, died at Parisariette, te ex- immediately applied for.12th of Ja. 7-4t
a perpetuity, only equalled by the fame of him whose ged oalist, dwe at Paris'on the 12th of Janv mar 7-4t *
name it bear's, aged 60. He was one of those who voted for the
By Mr. William I) Robinson. May the honor and in- imprisonment of Louis XVI. SACRED VOCAL MUSIC.
terest of thie new world never be subservient to the in- Some outrages have lately been committed in "'HE subscriber intends opening a Singing School in
trigues and ambition of the old. Ireland. An attack was made on the night of the the Tr'easury Building about the first of April, at
By Mr. Baptiste Irvine. South America-the first of 1 of r the moderate price of 5 a year, to sing two evenings
regions contending for the best of causes-may we pur- 12lh of January, on the house of a young gentle- in the week. Should he succeed in making op a school
sue in this crisis the generous policy which regards hu- man in Cork, by a band of Union Men. The at the Capitol Hill, those who subscribe at one school
man kind as friends, and all .3mericans as brothers, young man, however, killed one of them with a will have the privilege of attending the-other free of
By -r. William Elliot The human race-may all bayonet fixed on a pole, and wounded another, expense. A subscription paper for the Western See-
who bear theimage meet with the respect due to it. He then made his escape, and the party, on the tion of the city is in the hands of James ii. Handy, Esq.
By Mr. J. .11. Varnum--The state of Missouri--may she ar h the shet^pe'wa ba t andcapt. JonnCoyle will gtve information relative to
duly appreciate her friends, by whose incessant exertions approach of tie sheriffs with a band of the milh- tne proposed sChool on the Capitol Hill
she is admitted into the Union. tary, dispersed. Several other outrages have mar 17-3t JOSEPH HI. WINDSOR.
By J.brahamBradley, jun. Esq. tIrank standing.) The been committed by these desperadoes in that
man who while living was honored by all-whose mem- city. ADVERTISEMENT.
ory is now revered by all-George Washington. Nineteen persons have lately been arrested in q'rHE subscriber will sell for cash, credit, or exchange
By John Law, Esq. James Madison--the friend of Dublin, and sent off to different prisons. They for Lands in the state of Maryland, Virgin-,, Ken-
maBy Mr. Payne Todd, of Virginia. A due regard to our ad been in the habit ofmeeting at a ublic house tucky, or Missori, several Lots of ground, some well im-
beanaeinotheihabitrtala public house, proved, situated on Quaker Hill, near the Quaker Meet-
professions in looking abroad; and a due regard to prin- as it was supposed, for private and mischievous ing House; others in Front street, King street, French
ciple in submitting to necessity at home. purposes. When taken they were in close con- street, and Second street, in the borough of Wilmington,
By Edmund La, Esq. lThe Western Country-the sultation, with papers on the table, the character Delaware ; a village in a healthy situation between the
seat of hardy enterprise and heroic feeling. May its high or subject of which, whether political or other- Brandywine and Christiana, in the neighborhood of ma-
destiny be soon accomplished. wise, had nriot een divged by the officers ny manufacturing establishments.
By a gentleman, (whose turn to give a toast came h been dvuged by the Officers. Wilmington is the only port of entry in the state of
round ii the midst of a conversation on the probable e papers abound with speculations in regard Delaware, and is the safest and best harbor in the state.
policy, designs, and proectote edSovereigns)0
policy, designs, and prospects of the Allied Soereis tothe air's of the Continent, and the measures It has the advantage ot Philadelphia in the months of'
-77Te laoly Allliance: May they soon justify t heir title by which will be taken by the Congress at Laybach, December, January, February and March. Vessels can
resiuining the Helmet for the Cowl-the Sword for the touching the affairs of Naples. The language of- occasionally discharge andn take in cargoes at Wilming-
Crosier- and the clangor of Drum and Trumpet for te those e s osed to in the secrets of nto, Del. while they are impeded by ice at Philadelphia.
pious Anthem. h e ppoe ei, nt secure f 't he borough of Wilmington is supplied from the neigh-
By another gentleman. The Western States- ei te espectve governments, is, that every thing boring heights with pure spring water. The United
obligation to the Atlantic border, for the-gifts of science will be ainicably adjusted ; while the reformers iStates mails pass through Wilmington every morning
and the useful arts, has been cancelled !)y their bright and revolutionists predict a general war of the from the south and west, and every afternoon from the
exaniiles of nationality of character and lofty indepen- monarchs against the people the north and eas'.
dence of spirit. mar 17-dim ALLEN MACLANnE.
rVXTViLTT-r nn X ('t
premises at any hour.
Families and parties of ladies and gentlemen travelling
can be handsomely accommodated, a suite of private par-
lors and comfortable bed chambers peculiarly adapted
to that purpose, being appropriated to their use.
They pledge themselves that no exertin shall he
wanting on.their part to supply the table with the varie-
ty of the season, and having procured a large stock of
the choicest Wines and Liquors hope, by assiduity and-
attention, to merit public lavor,
A. E. HOUGH, PesrJyh'ania 'Avenue,
HAS just received from the ianly of Shakers, in En-
field, N. H. a supply of their celebrated Kitchen
Garden Seeds, of tire last year's growth, vi.:
Early frame Earily Dutce
Do (Chariton "Ledham WijInter
Green Proliic Yellow Swedish
Early Flesh Colored Brown Coss
Do Spanish Green Coss
China Dwarf ape Good Hope.
Case Knife Cabbage.
Windsor Low Dutch
Scarlet Runners Early Ditch
Saha. Do York
IRadish.. Do Buttersac'
Salmon Do Cauliflower
Short Top Green Savoy
Onion. Winter Drumhead
White Spanish Red.
Silver Skin Cucumber,
Rted. Early Prickly
Long Green Turkey.
V variety ,
Blood Beet Summer Savony
MargleWurtzel, or scarcity Summer Squash
Orange Carrot Winter do
Parsnip Crook-neck da
Green Curled Endive Water-Melon
Winter Spinach Musk-Melon
Double Parsley Cantelope
Sweet Marjoram Saffron
Sweet ThIyme Asparagus
Sage. l.an Balm
Salsafit, or Oyster Plant Canarey-a
Red Pepper Penny loyal.
Also, a few bushels Vermont Clover Seed,
GAIN OF THE WHEEL, B29,530.
GILLESPIE'S PRIZE LIST-
20th Day's Drawing of the
GRAND NATIONAL LOTTERY,
ITOS. 15907 4662 8580 prizes of s100
.1- Ail ., I at Gillespie's Office
I .... Il..,c heell this day, -'' .
*No. 4662, sold to a .e-di.,,. i.., this city. On the
8th day No. 4661 came up a prize of 500 dollars, which
.-' 1.1 to a., -.,ir n,,,t in Georgetown.
A.l .,I thhe l ..i.... mg ; grand capitals are now 4. ;,,
... .i. to be drawn any day hr- iii. r', draws:
1 prize of 35,000 D.,i l:,r,.
1 10,000 Dollars.
2 5,000 DL,.lLars.
15 1,000 Dollars,
4 500 Douilars.
21 100 Dollars.
besides an immense number of smaller prizes.
Whole tickets '14 I Quarters 3 56
Halves ; [ is_!.1,,i 1 75
1T .: 1 I, ,s ..ii ,ir ... .,, ,,, 1 the 6th of A ril.
.\.. .! '.. 1: i .,,,.. 1u,i r hundred warranted
undrawn tickets are for saie. at
.L ,), t i a l a 1'. ,'' .... (,I ,,'.,
Orders, enclosing cash i o .. .:--. oi. 'r' ,g
the fate of tickets, address .'1 ...i.:, \i ,1 ns,. rt ti.,
most prompt attention.
N. B. Cash advanced for prizes on demand..
Orders left at my offices in. New York, Philadelphia,
Baltimore, and Richmond, will be attended, to free of
posiage. D. GILLESPIE.
COMMISSION BOOT AND SHOE STORE. "
I" Ifl. subscriber begs leave to imnforin the public that
I. le has just received on commission a very choice
..el.- ,,..,. of ladies', gentlemen's, anid children's Shoes.
and Boots, which he will -sell wholesale or retail as low
as goods of equal quality can possibly be purchased for
in the. district.
Ladies are particularly invited to call and view them.
Pennsylvania avenue, sign of the
Golden Boot, opposite Strother's ,Hotel.
Will be distributed at TYLER'S Temple of Fortune
in a'few days in the
GRAND NATIONAL CANAL LOTTERY
in one prize of 40,0,00 dollars, and 35 of 1,000, besides
a great number of 500, 100, and .50, &c.
A fine fortunate number may be had at Tyler's, where
was sold the slendid prize o" -^'.i60,,0 on the 30th days'
drawing. .Whole tickets 'S-.. sh res in proportion.
Cash advanced for prizes as soon as drawn.
G.M. S. A.
W 7ILL be sold, at public sale, on Saturday the 24th
instant, at 10 o'clock, a. m. in froit of my door
on F street north, one grey Mare, about 10 or 11 years
old, for her keeping at livery and other expenses, which
was put in my stable, at livery, with two other horses,
by Mr. Robertson, constable, on Saturday the 27th of
January last, who represented to me at the time, that
the said horses were taken by him, under a distress, as
the property of Mr. John Marks, for arrearages of rent
in favor of Mr. T. Munroe. The other two have been set-
tled for and released; this one has remained unsettled
for ever since, but will now positively be sold, to satisfy
her keeping and all other unavoidable expenses, unless
the same should be sooner paid.
Terms of sale cash.
mar 17-5t GEORGE MILLER.
s F the last residence of HENRY BECKER. He was
*' a native of Morsheim, in Germany. He emigrated
to the United States in the year 1750, with his family,
and settled in Georgetown in the year 18'4. Informa-
tion was sent from this country to Germany, notifying
the relatives there of his decease, and other important
matter respecting his estate. As there area great num-
ber of places in the United States named Georgetown,
and no state or territory given with the name of the
town, it cannot be discovered what Georgetown was the
place of Isis residence and decease.
If any information of said HItenry Becker can be given,
it wIl be an act of humamnity to some of the relatives now
in this country, who are in reduced circumstances. Com-
munications giving the information desired, addressed to
Jolitr N. Moulder, Esq of the city of Washington, in the
District of Columbia, will reach thIe relatives interested;
and on the recovery of the property of Mr. Becker, the
person giving the information will be liberally rewarded.
MANSION HOUSE HOTEL.
.Adjoining the Washington Haull, South ThlrdStreet, Phila-
delphida, otherwise called Washington lHall Hotel.
[IENSHAW & CO. respectfully infors their friends
Sand the public that the above establishment is fit-
ted up in the best manner for their reception, and hav-
ing recently introduced various improvements which
will greatly add to the comfort of their guests, trust it
will be deemed worthy ot general patronage.
By late arrangements every gentleman preferring it
may be furnished with a single bedded room, and well
attended. Warm and cold batlh provided within the
*^. _*f.M_ _..__._--
:A, ONAL IN'iELLIGENCER.
DECISION OF TilE SUPREME COURT.
Cohens vs. The State of Virginia.
This case was stated in the opinion given on the mo-
thon for dismissing the writ of error for want ofjurisdic-
tion in the court. It now comes on to be decided on 'hi
queiion whether the borough court of Norfolk, in over-
ruling the defence set up ., l i the act of Congress, has
misconstrued tihat act. .i.t these words:
The said corporation shall have fall power to autho-
rize the drawing of lotteries for effecting any important
improve r. r. inr the city, which the ordinary funds or re.
venue tl-r. ..t will not accomplish : Provided, that the
sum to be raised in each year shall no, exceed the amount
of 1U,000 dollars: And provided, also, that the object
for which the money is intended to be raised shall be
first submitted to the President of the United States, and
shall be approved of by !lim."
Two questions arise on this act.
1st. Does it purport to authorize the corporation to
force the sale of these lottery tickets in states where
such sales may be prohibited by law If, it does,
2d. Is the law constitutional ?
If the first question be answered in the affirmative, it
will become necessary to consider the second. If it
should be answered in the *,.. ; .. it will be unneces-,
sary, and consequently improper, to pursue any inqui-
ries, which would then be merely speculative, respect-
*, thi- power of Congress in the case.
I, inquiring into thie extent of the power granted to
the corporation of Washington,e we must first examine
the wo 4" .l--i' I1 it. We find in them no expression
which :..-.- Lbe, ,.1 th '1,,;,a of the,city. The powers
granted are all of them local in their nature, and all of
them such as would, in the common course of things, if
not necessarily, be exercised within the city. The sub-
ject on which Congress wasemployed when framing this
act was a '-1 ).'- J t: ii. was not the establishment of
lottery, .' .., .'. of a corporate body for the
manageme., ..I 0e ,,'-r,. I affairs of the city, for its in-
ternal government; for its police. Congress must have
considered itself ,. d-_l. id, ., to this corporate body
powers for these ..'i1..-:... t:,,i these objects solely.
in delegating these powers, therefore, it seems reasona-
ble to suppose thatthe mind of the legislature was di-
rected to the city alone, to the action of the being they
were creating within the city, and not to any extra-terri-
torial operations. in describing the powers of such a
being, no words of limitation need be used. They are
limited by the subject: But, if it be intended to give its
acts a binding efficacy beyond the natural limits of its
power, and within the jurisdiction of a distinct power,
we should expect to find, in the language of the incor-
poratiug act, some .. ...I- .. ,.:. .,i, such intentions.
Vyithnit such words, we cannot suppose that Congress
designed to give to the acts of the <.o. ..-. v,.ri .'.,
other effect, beyond its limits, than attends every act
having the sanction of local law, when any thing depends
upon it wN+ch is to be transacted elsewhere.
If this would be the reasonable construction of cor-
porate powers generally, it is more especially proper in
a case where an attempt is made so-to exercise those
powers as to control and limit the penal laws of a state.
This is an operation which was not, we think, in the con-
templadon of the legislature while incorporating the City
of lVa,-hi 'on.
',.. wi' re with the penal laws of a state,where tli.:'
are not levelled against the legitimate powers of the
Union, but have for their sole object the internal go-
vernment of the country, is a very serious measure,
i, i; .h ', ,..z,. : -...... 1 .: supposed to adopt lightly, or
,,.r-.. ,t..i. i i : ii ,i.,:- f.r i nioi t be serious and
.,..,, .. l r.. .' ..- .. .. li, and the inten-
tion woutd be clearly anc .,. .,.. p'. .- pressed.
An act, such- as that 'I.t **.---' -1 .i ., ought not,
we think, to be so construed as to imply this intention,
unless its provisions were such as to render the construc-
We do not think it -e', 1 t,..- corporate power in
question that it should be exercised out of the city,
Could the lottery be drawn in any state of the Union?
oes the corporate power to authorize the drawing of a
lottery imply a power to authorize its being drawn with-
out the jurisdiction of a corporation, in a place where it
.may be [.i-.oil ii... 1 by law? This, we think, would
:ir.:.-l, be asserted. And what clear legal distinction
can be taken between a power to draw a lottery in a
place Ih..h'-. k L- pi.lhl_..t.l i., law, and a power to es-
tablis'. ,,,i',: h.,r I-e u l >.'t tickets in a place where
it is ,.'. ', i .. i' 1- .' 1 It 1, t. be urged, that the place
where lii. .1-. a I,b' i.' i, of no importance to the
corp "- *', .i.'i ti-,n ic iles act need not be so con-
strued '. ,, '.... e' r ~ ~,i- i,.- p1 rwe, but that the right
to sell t.--'-.' .. i u r tl. ...-:. States is of import-
ance, 'vi i 111 r-. : ..'.*: 1i ti., b-,- ,,Tplied.
Tha 'i.- I *..- ; .. .. ,u ill i1 u' i. : ,,i every part of the
United States might facilitate their sale, is not to be de-
nied i but it does not follow that C'irre- designed for
the i- .ri; *.:: f ir..: i, h..,:rease.l i .:i. to overrule
tthe I. 1 i, ..t ,.,.: .::-rai iates. In the city of Wash-
ifigt. t.he grei r *' *.-.*i..- .s .. the nation, visited 6y in-
dividuals from every part of 'the Union, tickets may be
freely sold to all who are willing to purchase. Can it
be affirmed tl.at this is so limited a market, that the
incorporating act must be extended beyond its words,
and made to conflict -with the internal police of the states,
unless it be construed to give a more extensive market?
It has been said that the states cannot make it unlaw-
ful to buy that which Congress has made it lawful to sell.
This proposition is not denied; and therefore the vali-
dity of a law punishing a citizen of Virginia for purchas-
ing a ticket in the city of Washington might %- .iil.,
drawn into question. Such a law would be a direct at-
tempt to counteract and defeat a measure authorized by
the United States. : But a law to punish the sale of lot-
tery tickets in Virginia is ofa different character. Before
we can impeach its validity, we must enquire whether
Congressintended to empower this corporation to do
tany act within a state which the laws of that state might
:in -addition to the very important circumstance, that
the act contains no words indicating such intention, and
that this extensive construction is not essential to the
execution of the corporate power, the court cannot re-.
sist the conviction, that the *intention ascribed to this
act, had it existed, would have been executed by very
different means from those which have been employed.
Had Congress intended to establish lottery for those
improvements in the city which are deemed national,
the lottery itself would have become the.subject of le-
gislative consideration. It would be organized by law,
and agents'for its execution would be appointed by the
President, or in'such other'manner as the law might di-
rect. If such agents were to act out of the District,
there would be probably some provision made for such
a state of things, and in making such provisions Congress
would examine its power to make them. The whole
subject would be under the control of the government,
or of persons appointed by the government.
But in this case no lottery is established by law, no con.-
trol is exercised by :the government over any which
may be established. The lottery emanates from a'cor-
porate power. The corpora ion may authorize or not
authorize it, and may select the purposes to which the
proceeds are to be applied. I i.. rp.i t.ii.i, ;- a being
intended fir local objects onli. A!l ii ,:p4-:],ti.-, are
limited to the city. This, as well as.every other law it is
capable of making, is a by-law, and, from its nature, is
only co extensive with the city. It is not probable that
such ian agent would be employed in the execution of a
lottery establish .d by C .-,g ., but when itacts, not as
'lie ---en' ,'r carrvyiig i', .... *.: a lottery established by
.u iog e--. u' in its own corporate capacity, fromits own
corporate powers, it is reasonable to suppose that ib- act
was intended to partake of the nature of that capacity
and of those powers; and, like all its other acts, be
merely local in its nature.
The proceeds of these lotteries are to come in aid of
the revenues of the city. These revenues are raised by
laws whose operation is entirely local, and for objects
which are also local; for, no person will suppose that
the President's house, the Capitol, the Navy Yard, or
other public institution, was to be benefitted by the..e
lotteries, or was to form a charge on the city revenue,
Coming in aid of the city revenue, they are of tlhe same
character with it; the mere creature of a corporate
SThe circumstances that the lottery cannot be drawn
without the permission of the President, and that thi, re-
source is to be used only for important improvements,
have been relied on as giving to this corporate power a
more extensive operation than is given to those with
which it is associated. We do not think so.
ThiePresident ihas no agency in thie lottery. It does "- -'. not be unknown to any who have attended to the
not originate with him, or -s the improvemnIt to which COMMUNICATION. subject. Much of it grows on the coasts and na-
its profits are to be applied rt be selected by him. Cow- vigable waters, and may be rendered highly va-
gress has not enlarged t.he corporate power lby restricting' luable by local ship and house building, and by
its exercise to ca'es of which the P'resident might ap- LOUISIANA AND FLORIDA. water and steam mills. The West India trade S
Vre-very readily admit that the act establishing the in lumber must be immense and very active.
seatof government, and thle acet appointing commmission- The final settlement of the titles and limits of The breeding and use of asses and mules, and
ers to superintend the public ,i ,-. are laws of uni- these ceded territories, in the most harmonious the easy exportation of them to our foreign
versal "-.'-n:. We admit, too, that the laws of any arid effectual manner, with the royal and national neighbors, must constitute a great business even
state t..:. :... ,I: loan authorized by Congress, would authorities of Spain, and with the most friendly in the poorest districts of land. The ingenuity, d
have been void, as would have beanal, any tept to asure understanding of all .the B
relative to the District, have the authority which may be a consummation devoutly to be acknowledged country and coasts, and the climate, to inume- d
claimed by other acts of the national legislature ; but by the friends of peace. Thd part which the able experiments, in order to makethe best of a
their extent is ta be determined by those rules of con- President of the United States has taken in theseood bargain COLUMBIANUS.
struction which are applicable to all laws. The act in affairs in his ministerial -I.u ac, rs of 1795 and '
corporatng hecity of Washingtuon is, ,nquestionably,of affairs,tin his ministerial 1iioact. us of 179-5and go InC U BA S
ivesa obligation ; butt the extent of the corporate 1802, in Europe, and in his more elevated sta-
powers conferred by that act, is to be determined i, in,, of Prc.ident, Senator, and Secretary of Conjurers.---\We are informed in the Jefferson-
those considerations which belong to the case. State and War, in this country, have identified ville paper, that Mr. Wm. Bailey has erected
Whether we consider the general character of a law hi- rnum- .nil character %%ith that extensive corn- for Gen. Milroy, of Washington county, on his
usually made, or ty, the a-r. o... h:lch thii-cIr hr pr bined acquisition. farm near Salem, a steam pump for the purpose
er is coferred, we arrive at the same r.n-.ti til :..,. The ripest fruit, which is yet urnpluched, of of raising water to carry mill machinery." We it
p.g.,,,r,..s was merely empowered to authorize the draw- these fair acquisitions, is the suspended capital could not have supposed that a mechanic capable t
ing o lotteries; and the mind of Congress watickets not di- four injured citizens, tu the amount of five mil- of erecting a steam engine, and a general rich s
yond to any provision of or the sle o the incorporation. ect des lions o dollars. .n-. ill c e to the hands of enough to Iay for it, could be found so unskilled
not seem tq have bee n taku into view. It is the usa- its owners in the a, I. -i uedi money of the pre- in the principles of mechanism, as to suppose
nimous opinion of the court that the law cannot be con- sent time. This great restoration of active capi- they could gain power inm this way, inste.l' of
sti-ned to embrace it. There is no error in the judg- tal, under the ,udi io. and equitable arrange- perceit inq, that the intervention of the pumping F
meant, and it is to be affirmed with costs, mnents ot the government, ill sensibly contribute apparatus must diminish the ultimate power of a
Sto the re-animation of the Lusi-lLnss of out coun- the engine, j,.t in proportion to the friction and
'VLOCKWOglK sACHINERY. aitry, bearing, as it does, a ser'i'u piopoitioli to loss of uatcr attending ii operation. What would !
There is now exhibiting at Mr. Voge's inthe whole specie rn', .jini. be thought of a farmer Who would interpose a
Broadway, N. Y. several wonderful pieces of The addition to our coasts of more dln 1200 loaded cart between his horse and plough to en-
clock work machinery, which, perhaps, equal miles, according :,. its curvatures from Saint able tlie animal to pull thile pligh more easily? r
the masterly ingenuity of the automata of Vau- Mary' 1., tl! i S-bAin:, i,. a lemp.ratui e capable .A writer in the Ohii-, Monit..r informs us of
causon, or of Albert the Great. ot producing the China oranv-, -(.rrespridling another great improvement in mechanics, lhich l
The first is a small elegantly ought gold with those of the bays of St. Libes and C.a- has recently been madeiri Indiana on the inclined
cage, surmounting a musical clock work. In diz, must give us, with the Keys and little Whee'l An honest German," we are told, hay-
this cage is a fountain, and abird not larger than islands, a complete and extensive new faculty ing erected a mill to be .worked by ar, inclined
a bee, which sings, flutters its wings, and flies for the m.,nufoctue ofsalt for our whole con- wheel, and having put his horses as usual on one t
from onepartofthecage toanother. he option, and for exportation side of it, conceived that by'putting his wagon
second is also occupied by a musical clock work; gumption, and for exportation.s
it second is also occupied of quadrupeds around the The numerous ports from Amelia Island to on the other he wouldd ald to its power- r'he
it represents a group of quadrupeds around the New Orleans and the Sabine, as well from their wagon was accordingly put on the other side,
basin of a fountain, where a goat drinks and per- connexions with our own interior iand adjacent with the fore %i heels towai ds the lower part, and,
forms a variety ot movemens. In front is a bas. country, as from their ministering to the foreign the axle,of the others made fast'to a stake; and
ket with a peat in it: the moment the pear is and the coasting trade,.and, by their salt, to the in this position a heavy load was placed on it.
touched, a dog on the other side gnashes his fisheries and wet provision business, and particu. Thus igged, it was found that one horse gave
teeth, arks, and shakes himself till the pears larly wiih that of the West Indies, the Gulf of sufficient power. This is precisely the principle
replaced, while a monkey behind threatens him Mexico, and foreign America, vill give a spring, of the famous perpetual notion of Ri cdheffer, the
with a stick, and in the meantime munches an an expedition, and an extension, to our'foreign Petinslvania G,,rman,whoastonistled the natives
apple. A butterfly rests on a pillar above the and domestic commerce, of the deepest interest eight years ago; but Redheffer had some addi- I
fountain, and moves its wings and feet. The at the present time. It will enable as also to tionil inclined planes, cranks, wheels, and pulleys, t
back ground to this group is a ',ass oi' rocks, cure or to prevent the evils to us of that bu.cca- and made his loaded wagon and all run round. '
from among which, now and then, a fox makes nearing and marauding spirit, which, created LWestern Spy-
its appearance. Above these rocks there is a during the wars that grew out of the French re-
small patch of blue sky, and the sun, turning on volutions, has been particularly nourished by "'I am persuaded," says a i %iter in 'honisr,r"-
his u xti, .rid h -- accomplishing his diurn i evo- many obvious circumstances, on all the Ameri- Annals, by private observations, as well as by
lution. This is a remarkably complicated piece ctan coasts southof Georgia, since the changes in those which have been made public, that the fact
of machinery, none of the figures being more the government of Sant Dojinio, in 1791, the is certainly true, of more rain falling near the'
i a'n an inch in length. e embarrassments of Spain and Portugal, and the earth's surface than at some height above it. This
The thiid is a cage, very large and highly or civil and revolutionary struggles of the various seems to be a paradox,and many have, therefore,
namented. On the top is a black man who beats communities and.powers in Southern America, on endeavored to explain it away; but still it seems.
time to the chiming of several satyrs and two the Gulf of Mexico, the'Atlantic, and the Pacific. to be a necessary consequence of the very consti- '
monkeys, one of whom grins quite ludicrously. The momentary depression of the prices of tution of the atmosphere. Clouds collect before
But the most wonderful thing is two Canary birds American productions, bread stuffs, inicluiling a ir, falls, but this is not in consequence of their
that sing the natural notes of these birds, flutter rice, tobacco, siigars, and cotton, and ofl ,hdilledi bcing the only source of moisture, but of the up-
and flap their wings, and spring from one perch and fermented liquir-s, gises a great importance per strata of the air being first affected by those
to another. In this cage is a fountain, which to every opportunity, faculty, and discovery, causes which produce rain. The quantity of rain
falls by several stories ; and the artificial arrange- which shall, 1,. a.ld;n. to the employment of our: is made up of a gerieral discharge of water from
ment of pieces of glass represents, so naturally, people, limit the excess, and prevent the depres- the air between the earth and the region of the,
the sound and glitter of falling water, that both the sionof the various p ctr.t Ci ui-, of cultivation, clouds. Hence, the effects must accumulate as
eye and the ear are deceived. It is manifest that the climate and soil of the we approach to the earth, and the results which
The fourth is a park with two country seats, peninsula of Florida must be capable of yielding have been observed must not be sh,...lly attribut-
out of which come two ladies, who exchange amu- all tle pr,'liuciti.is of the Bahama island., include e, l to tie wind, or to any accidental circumstance
tual salutations, and b,,w to the company. At- ind the P.ie apple; andl all those of Sp:iin arna wtI'.h i' w ,' affoetsh in-.atuitn-hs .-sh. e uznd -e
traced by the sudden fliight and a-ung f a bird i nl Po'rt l, soiruth o' thc orange teni.ei ture of .ir the adincasur-ement."
a grove beside thbin, they turn and listen. The Lisbon or Cintra, the orange of which is livalledI .
bird, not larger than a bee, sings and flutters or by that of our St Augustine, at less than 30 de. .lIuminies.-Some Arabs, who were digging
some time, and then flies away among the trees. grees north latitude. Thisdemarciationincludes near Gourna, in' Thebes, during the motith of
Upon this, the ladies repeat their bows and cour- the olive of Spain, with its oil, s:nit, .. before men- Septemberhlast, discovered a tomb containing 12
tesies to each other, and to the company, and t oned, th e g of Sp-in and Portugal, the silk of case pis. Ononerofiemws tseol-
... ........ .. ,cases of mummies. On one of (hem wns the foi-p
withdraw into their houses. Onthctop h Spain, the suspended sugars of Me.diterranean lowing inscription in Greek :-6t The tomb of
dome above,is a large buterfly,which closes Sc ex- Spain, the lemon and the sour or Seville orange, Tphon, son, of Heraclius Soter and Sanaposis.
pandsitsings and moves its feet in a perfectly na- various minor fruits, the grape vines .o4 Xeres, iHe was born on the second day of Athur in then
turalmanner. f his, and indeed all the machinery, St. Lucar, Malaga, Benecarlo, Lisbon, Qporto, fifth year of Adrian, our Lord. He diedon the
play a variety of tunes. Carcavella, with their fabrications of wine, bran- 20th of the month Meclihier, the 11 th year of the
The fiflth ad sixth are two magicians, thie dy, and the dried raisin, and the fresh g.- ap, by same (Lord) at the age six years, two months,
French and the American. There is a set num- short voyages to the northern ports. The ,cli- and twenty days." As Adrians cotmm'enced his
ber of questions to each, and on any one of these mae of the Turkey, or Smyrna, or drum fig, in reign in the 117th year of the Christian era, the
being placed in a drawer for the purpose, the mnia- 38 deg. equal, (at the usual difference of.10 deg ) inscription is 169 1 years old.
gician goes through a variety of ceremonies and to our 28 degrees, must be found in thepeninsu-
gives the answer, which is always appropriate. la of Fl;rida, and the great olive countries of THE UNICORN.
It is said that several celebrated mechanicians lower Italy, Asiatic Turkey, and Attica,.after the In the forty-seventh number of that invaluable
have been allowed totake these machines to pie- same allowance of 10 .legtceso'f dif.-i... ...- woik, the Q'tarterly Review, received from our
ces, yet have never been able to discover by what be presumed to exist in our new acquisition. Be- correspondents at London, we find another amus-
contrivance the right answer is always given, ing singularly peninsular and affected by.the cont. ing and interesting article iti relation to the Snowy
The last is called a perpetual motion, although stant and near course, of.'the.iarza gulf steam, ', ,e of the Hymalaya mountains, forming that
perhaps the power that it possesses is not strong the'climate must be h',:,r..', to-growths of .mic s,,uI' eJous buttress which supports on the south,
enough for any application to extensive machine- southern countries, and ..-:;.:. ..'. more so, as .the the celebrated Table Land of Central Asia. The
tiy. It cousits of a large wheel, around the edge country shall be cleared.and drained. The sea- artice of which we speak, is a review of a tour
of which are placed at equal distances, a certain weeds for barilla anth kelp merit a CeulC research- a i-rt of t tse outains to the sources
number of riovuable hollow cylinders, each con- We have not yet noticed any thing bi;. ; e- of che rives .. ,,, and Ganges. In the course
training an equal proportion of quicksilver. The ,tate, as a distinct and most important poi,. We ofthreview, the writer introduces a letter from a
weight of the quicksilver which moves from one have not yet spoken of the soil. We presume ritish ..i., commanding in the hilly country
side to the other as the wheel turns, determines that the important productions of coffee and cacoa, eas of Nepaul, to-thse Marquis of Hastings, stat-
the horizontal o percndaicular position o the cy- or cocoa, with the date, the lime, pimento, orsal- ing that the Unicorn, so long considered as a fa-
iinders. By their horizofital position, in falling, spice, or Jamaica pepper, the bennioil and castor bulous animal, actually exists at this moment in
the circumference of the wheel is continually en- oil plants and other pi.,vui.:ti nu of the West In- the interior of Thibet, where it is well known to
larged on one side, and diminished lon the dies, may succeed on rnilliur, of acres of south- the inhabitants. The description of the animal
other by their perpendicular position in rising; ern peninsular Florida, in which there are no corresponds exactly with the Unicorn of the an-
this creates two unequal semicircles, the one more frosts, s'o faras those productions depend on cli- clients. The hootf are divided, and the. size that
eccentric than the other and thus causes a perpe- of a horse f'om twelve to thirteen hands high
tua1 rotation.- national sdv. s in regard to the land, coffee, the universal fa- fierce and extremely wild ; seldom if ever caught
-'--- vorite of the world, does not requirea rich soil, alive, b.t frequenth shot; and that the flesh is
tht o S ,ALE, ",eiaIll) for th,e more delicate.and i lecuued u-ed lor food. The pe.s.n who gave' the infor-
AT the stores of the- '. .... i ,... .. .1 :I ,. ,,i,',. Neither does the ole nor the grape nation to the author of the letter, (Major Latter,)
consisting of u hL- L- vuH-l, ,- nor the fig, nor the date. The success of has repeatedly seen these animals, and eaten the
'181 hhds New-Orlea s S :-lk c in some1 sufficient places, in so large a flesh ofthem They go together in herds, like wild
140 el u e'" ,gar country, are to be coLfidently expected, and u ill buflalues, The drawing accompanying the letter
superior to any ever imported into this place. It will be ,-. c .mm La,.,, il alth[l't, and profitable new aem- shews some resemblance to a horse, buttt has clo-
5old in lhts, to suit pu'chasers, and at reasoiable credits, ;,., ient of .. .-oilen able portion of both .our yen hoofs, a long curved horn, growing out of
fhrt approved endorsed notes.
XVLW, SMITH, Prin. Agent. P0oor01 and our .\lrican pjo-t|-.ltiion, The vine the forehead, and a boar- li'- ped tail. From its
Georgelown, mnar 16 -eow' grows in Fraice in gravels, pine barrens and herding together, observes the reviewer, as the
SHIANN)NDALI SIlNG. ., blowing sands. Attica, .famous for its ancient unicorn of the scriptures is said to do, as well as
MI8E or. b.ud. .' iis rien:ed tl~e Siainnndale S:.ring, commerce in olive oil, is a very ste ilec country, from the rest of the description, it is evident that
situs,, .;ti,'., t; n.iles of Charlestown, Jefferson The olive, occasionally failing in France in the 'it cannot be the rhinoceros, which is a solitary
county. Va The hi..I.h, ..u c .nniu ,-.-c.i r snummer,and 43d degree of north latitude, must succeed in all animal.-Commr, .dv.
4 additional brick.j.il,,vi. e, 'l ,I e .1.. ,.i in due trime. Florida to the south ol St Augustine, andproba-
It s iscarcely necr'ssarv to stiae, ihat tIme Medic-nal quailii- y of r y s fiver i 3 d r n l -
ses ofthe Shanuondale are nearly the same with those of St. Mary's river, 3 nort lat- Twent lTonsand Dollar Prizen
the Bedfordl water; by some it is considered even more tiude, The.date grows in the countries under w h
efficacious in bilious diseases, the equator, and thence to the island of Sardinia,
He wilil be ready to receive company by thie first of Iu- in 39 degrees north latitude, equal to our 29 de- TYLER'S PRIZE LIST
lycertainly, perhaps sooner. !e promises to render d mustsucceed in our new peninsa.Of the 3th day's drawing of th
every co prt and accommodton S he temperature of Grenada in Spain, is the on- GRAND NATIONAL CANAL LOTTERY
SMartinshburg, mar 2-tf ly climate in l.urope in which the dried grape or Nio. d 1Lasa o p
raisin is v. e!i ,r,, abundantly produced by the sun 3No. 2167 a prize of h. '.,-
t rrIHISis to give .utice that the subscriber hath obtain- and skill. -It.is supposed by.some that thUe warm t68 1 4003 744 -13 50
l i ed from the Orphan's Court of Prince George's temperature produced by the passage of.the air '*Sold at TYLEi.'S real Temple of Fortune.
County, in Mairyland, letters testamentary on the per. over the Gulf Stream, enables the planters to j-Al sold at Tyler's.
sonal estate of Rebecca Belt, late of said cutity, de- raise the sea-island cotton. If this be founded, 'he grand capital prize of 40,000 dollars and 35 of
ceased. 1000, are now floating, and may all be drawn, in ONE'
All persons having claims against the said deceased are Florida will greatly extend, our advantages in DAY, besides 7oft 500, and a great number of 100, So,
hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the voucher, that respect. The warmth of the Gulf Stream &e. Whole tickets $20, shares in proportion.
thereof, nroperly authenticated, to the subscriber, on or has been often proved by the thermometer. The Cash advanced for prizes as soon as drawn.
before the 20th day of August next'; the, may otherwise, Zante,or Corinth fruit so-called, grows in the temn- The Lottery draws again on Wednesday the 28th inst.
by law, be excluded from alt benefit of the said estate. peratutre of Florida. mar 16-
Given uhd.er my hand tifs 14th day of February, 1821. The magazines of the live oak, peculiar to PRINVT" 'G
feb 17-ww lof N Lccl', exc'r America, and other timber and useful woods, can- Of every description executed at this Office
LATEST 'FROM ENGLAND"
BOSTON, MAl "Cli 10.
Arrived ship Triton, Bussey, fro'm Liverpoo2.
Sailed January 23d, and brought Live. pooL pa-
pers to that day, and London papers to' the 21st.
Parliament was to be opened on Tuesday the
23d of Jan. when his Majesty was to attend and
deliver a speech irpm the throne. He resided at
his Palace at Brighton, where he had recently
-iven to noblemen and their'ladies several splen.
Addresses continued to be presented to the
Queen. She had concluded the negocialtion for
Marlborough House, to which shle wss Ut remove.
An attempt has been made in Italy to assassi-
nate Col. B,owne, who assisted in collccuiig the
evidence against the Queen. He was attacked
in the streets in.the night (,\hen returning from
the opera) by two assassins, who gave him tout
severe wounds in the heAd, arnd one in the thest;
but it is said neither is mortal.
The French l.1ud1ut shews 'le fii'incts of!
France to be in a flourishing 'tu. i ion. Therejis
a surplus of near six ndlli.-ii francs in the re-venue.
over the expenditures, and the taxes are to be
tdu. cj 27,33 1,1 i6 fr ..ri s. T Freri:.h 1na1rr-,:s
may formea subject fur % ritei s ar. polituc.J eco-
nomy. Fiench Five per cents, 81-Bank, 1455.
It is 'said the Cordnation ofthe King of Eng-
land is appointed for the 18th of May next.
The Paris Moniteur denies the report thii., tihe
King of Spa'in has been invited to Laybach-but
the Gazette de France re-utiuf mas it.
A SPANISH DECREE.
MA-DID, Nov. 15, 1820.
The King has pror algated the following de-
The Cortes have decreed, and we have. rati-
fied, the following :
Article 1. The Spanish teriluly shall be aan
inviolable asylum for foreign persons and proper-
ty of every kind; whether such persons reside irn
Spain or elsewhere ; provided they observe thle.
political constitution of the nrait.iy and the
other laws which govern itr, suljectt.
*Article 2. This asylum for persons is to ba
understood always not to affect existing treaties
with foreign powers; and inasmuch as-political
opinions cannot be tonsidtrtd as included irn
them, it is declared that persons persecuted on.
account of such copiniirins will nit 'be d'li ered up-
by the government, it the) are not guihy of some
of the crimes siJecif cd ir lsaidl Itrcaes
Article 3. The pci sons embraced in the fore-
going article sh all, I ith their property, enjoy the
same protection which the laws afford to tihe pro-
perty of Spanfiards.
Article 4. Foreign piuopit.y, except sich itas
may belong to go ci rmenits 4it it' i ith the Spa-,
nish nation, or to 1iltir uii\ihlalic-, shall not be,
by way ot rept isals ot irum anr' oth'r motive,
subject to cortili. caion, qie-r:t:ati _,n, or emba'--
Madrid, Oct. 24, 1820."
1 \ E. NUTILL.
CHRISTOPHE CUMMINS, for the coniv-i ierce of
g t.-iileni, n i h,, i,.i CA c'd hi'm with their orders
in th: I'r.luing Uuifii, at his present ct bl- nT 'rt,
onFsitre'et,i.p,,-u cthe r-it..- i t. UtI 'e le i 'r\ .."'l" ite,
and those who may please to employ him, he I t, ., ,kii
the store of Mr. Sardo, opposite Mr. Varnum's new row,
P, nn-'ylv.rin Avenue, here he 'i ll .II e his work exe-
S.ii. ti-11.- -l *t- % i', and clfarges to c'urre--pod vitll
the present pressure oftitmes. Ladies' ) dir.g ildre-.i-
pelisses, &c. neatly eici i...1.
N.,B. Economy ir i.U d tm.=s. Cummins will conduct
scouring and lustring. Gentlemen's clothes scoured,
pressed, repaired, or turned, and i,=t,,-d to their ori-
ginal lustry, in all appearance equal to new.
march 16-2aw3w .
P URSUANT to the last will and testament of Thomas
1- 0. Williams, late of Prince George's County, on
Monday the 23d of April, will certainly be sold. at pub-
lic sale, on credit, on the premises, about 1500 acres of
valuable Potomac Land, lying in Montgomery county.
This lard is situated 23 miles from Georgetown, and 2
miles fro.. the Seneca Mills, adjoining the lands of Tho-
mas Peter, an:' 1celuding part of Sugar La bottoms.
The siil is well adapted to the cultivation oftobacco and
all sma:t grain. Plaster acts as quick on those lands as
any -.. Maryland, and with a very mall expense would
produce equal to any land in Loudoun, as they are pre-
cisely the same soil. It is cultivated in 4 or 5 divisions,
having on each comfortable dwelling and barns, stables,
and tobacco houses. It will be sold in smalA tracts, or
the whole, to suit purchasers. The purchasers to give
bond, with approved security. Terms made known on
the day ot sale
i.az, will oe sold, in the city of Washington, on Mon-
day the 16th of April, on the premises, at 4 o'clock, P.
M. lot No. 4, in square No 121, bounding on F street
north, a small distance west of the President's House.
'erms made known at the sale by
WM. B. WILLIAMS;
feb 20-2awts exec'r of Thos. 0. Williams.
I.,'lLL be sold, at public auction, on Monday the 26th
SVday of March next, being Court day. The sub-
scribers wishing to retire from public business, offer for
sale the above well known establishment, situated at
Orange Court House, Virginia. The buildin-s are very
commodious. The house contain. '19 i.r.r- t.csides two
very large porches and entries; 2 of the roots are 5-
feet, long each. Ttne stable is not excelled by any in the
state; it is of brick, in the form of a T, fi'ont 70 feet,
back 80, and 30 feet wide, with a neve: hL,,ii, spring
and pool within 20 steps of the door. 'I here i-. icier
out-houses necessary for such an .:-':'bI.m,:-,rt. I 1,4
Stand is surpassed by few in the state. There is a con-
stant stream of excellent water passing thro' the house,
brought in pipes. This property will be sold on very
liberal terms, and possession riven immediately.
PAt' VERDIERI & SON.
Garden Seeds just received, and for sale, by
JOHN FOY, Seedsman, Penniylvania avenue, near the
Capitol, among which are 8 sorts of Peas, 10 of Cab.
bage, 2 of Cauliflower, 2 of Bruccoll, 4 of Celery, 6 of
Lettuce, 4 of Onions, 6 of Riddish, 50 sorts of flower
Seeds, and many others too numerous to mention. Seeds
put up in boxes, each containing upwards of 60 or 70
various sorts; price about 14 dollars. Some Tulips, Hy-
acinths, Jonquils, Crown-1mnipe-rials, and fine Dallas. He
has, also, English fox tail meadow Grass, and fine Grass
to sew next t.. dwellings. Pruning saws; pruning, bud-
ding, a-d grafting knives.
Hle has, likewise, indigenous Seeds, of various sorts.
Employers wanting gardeners, and willing to give li-
beral encouragement, may hear of them; and Gardeners
wanting situations, whose sobriety, honest,, and indus-
try canbear the strictest enquiry may hear of them,
by applying as above.
jan P-w in
A LIKELY SLAVE FOR SALE.
TILL be sold, tor a term f 14 years, a likely yellow
BT Bo', or will Mire by the year. Apply to
feb 24-If D. BATES, aac,