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National intelligencer
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00026
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: January 13, 1821
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00026
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text





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Vol. XXI.,


'I.-''.
i.bs. '-.3.' .154.


WASHIINGTON, SATL& D'A.l 'lkNLUAIRY 13, 1821,


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PI


PUBLISHED BYi CALEIS & SEATON, that the public funds may he ..,-r.-'i. .id to ted States; and-also into ti. e...:. ,,.:.r the ---- ,, > 1
rinoH. t. 'rmeis A w K liniiel -'rn snesss-ox or coNGRE SS works of internal improvement, tbut that a- so on ,nuonber now in acf,'l -, .-. .. .. ._ ..
AND, AW..ic R A wa 1 TIa. 0r.mss, as any work was completed it became derelict Iss-.be t e. ..' i <, i. ed. ,, otr- "-- i y-rca
Price, f a y ',--riaos payablee in advance, and beyond the control of toe national govern- doing t.e i,. '. .i ,..... ,' ,c die acts FRIDAY JANU Y 1. the oprc
T ,;h sai meuo' a d'tll,.rs S, ment. He gave a history of the attempts in Con- Congress, ,:. '.,- ..r .... .. th- 'and aind .
Thore subsrigh in pr, ,isdoie ot, either atice othtimes grss to a thorize and commence a system of ,aval sern.:,' c: .. ,, u ia,' -. -or ?tinen1al estab- ,tui e Ii .
orderi the p er.or unbs eqil uyi ve notpec oftheir jsh lis'rient, ,!.,. .. ..n..1 f -1. ,... ,, *w that peapfr -.--.. > ; IP .fi
to have thilpaperdiscor.iueid at the xpiratiion of their year. internal improvements, and their failure-espe- lish ient, d d . tos Sha el ouhern Armisice, whh h with f
will hi wpresuniidil i'.s dlsi- g its n coUit iti ee ,.,i ....... t.- cially the last serious effort, made in the most / c. ... ..... -... .. ,&'/ on, s u h e r t e' wh i -,, t
inalridedl.anildit uilt be continued aceooirdigly, ,'t... "** nn ceptionable aspect rejected byh then. t i .. l .. a moat so much pleasure presented to our' s, was :. ..
oft'Pis editors eidept Madisonp, and ich hd i.t i.i ie- The first of :hles resolutois w4s agreed to flowed by a re ity for the i c i 1 of wiar, a '
President' Madison, and which hd .-, i .
rPl iOCEEDINGS OF "*Ft'I CONil.a~ Icessary majority in Congress to m.t- the I.11 a TI e with t. ui ', ei; in con- cop" f which has reached this country in the "
P C' DINGS OF T CONG LS-law; and arguing that iftht deciior,".c ,r- seqence o.wch Mr. Cobb n.t t so as to-Cracca Gau of De c. 6, from which -it i ican vss
TISDA ..;.':. re this nsur e was improper. On the n- make the enquiry general, by the wordL translated into the Natioral Gazette. Tc'fir t
licy of that bill the public sentiment seemed to Iiasf:"
IN TImE. SENATE. be about equally divided ; and he had at a'sub- in Italic. article is as flowss:
OAT n the resolution, thus n,,-, ,.. :1h:, were a lt. ts'he wt's ctwecn Spain and Colombia You ma
Sundry petitions "were presented by Mr. obe goverssion offered a resolution to give the yes 53, noes 59. So Ie resi'ton was nut shall be tprosecutcd benceifo ,ird as war is car- retaliatory
and Mr. Edwards, respectively, from purchasers ao failed. He would therefore not ,upport.a agreed to. ricd ,'n by civlizcd nations, in all caes in which your' comn
ofpublic lands, praying relimeasure now which conflicted with te- settled M. cersand ; as, by the praclics ,i' the ia.r do not clash with any To hi p
Mr. Lanman submitted the following resolu opinion that there existed no power in ,he gene- the notice given yesterday,* b i ,m..'fr'n othe articii .of te h present treaty, whichh is it is confined
tion : M. l government, tho makei road and cais in the 'vasstachusett',. .. we a I._. u'Io s.e as tle' primary and invitlaue 'rule fcir both commodati
Sal government to make rol.da and can-ls in th v alone, I'
Resolved, That the committ.-. n -1 'W ir b i- '. ,at,:. .\t .,r o ite, i- '- f l. v ic alone, .1. over United Sta
S tru c te,l! ,, .:... i. ,-,e w hi tl ie, i i .i.. I. ir- .. h.e.... i : sh o ul d a a ..- .i '.r ..e r .
to the :t .' .. ... ..- I ., .,., 1 r- a, ld n ot re. ca t 'ir r in .., -.'.,_1 _,.T;n -v.o ._ Ts o'l- '- .,i'.. .
^.u d-t ;.r,,viA <,'-, ... ....- a... r^-. .. .,o.rwrorr ar .al, -qu4p ,,-. t,tliTe-daynam ed'by the! -.,.'1 T ', i,,...l ikl.x .,, '-. -,.".I ., ., *- ,- :._ ess'c. 1:. ,i... I ,^. '.
rocaded during t he late wdfo I hl, 1 .ny. ,l h a t i N_. i re, and nni arti. slystem. .achusetts for calling up his ,. :.,..,,,,. anrd inteliigenc,. : ,, i
uresought to be adopted for It ref'.,, T, ,..h .. Mr. oo ,Ca hK was en ecidedly ait t, Mr. Jackson submitted u.. t. ...i L,. ,-., tth A doubt is expressed by the Natiotial '.:.... :. ,, Guifto
structions.indefinitepostponementf the bill. Ie r'. 1
Mr.Roberts, from the committee of Claims, that the sentiment if C.nGress haid b en c. following resolution: whether the naval torceof the Republic will con- Franca, in
reported a billfor the :-.l.Ii of Nathan Ford; r :sed by l a I:, mal iltvin fa' or of making 1?esolved, That the committee on the Post Office and curin the armistice. We hope there can be no trifling.
which was read. Post roads be instriucteddto enquire into the expediency "daig
whic was read.t int1i n'l im -ipro rmentc; aoi, ilthr-.,i fearing any ., .,,.. contractors for tr,.,., e the United doubt of it. Certain it is, that, if it hesitates i awing
Mr. Smith, from [ie committee on the Judi- iFranca is
Mr. Smith, from te committee on the Judi ll cnsurnc from such a p..l, he viewed \1.,t frank way-letters .. ..... to their mail becomes by that act outlawed--no' longer citi- At either o
ciary, to which was referred the Baukrapt Bill, it as one of vital importance to the convenience, carriers. At either o
reported the same without amendment. the happiness,. the harmony, and lasting union The question being taken on agreeing thereto, zens ofany country, but pirates, enemies, to all. on board 1
The reports of the committee on Pensions, un- of the republic. But this bill, he argued, did not without remark, it was decided in the negative INDIAN TREATIE d-an Tireates, which we difference
favorable to the petitions of Moses Wing and of touch the question referred to by Mr. Barbour; without a division, nowpublish,are ftrnished-, I,,' .,* T rIeinfr.-mation Stttes for t
Alexander Irwin, were taken up and agreed to. and its legality had been settled by the law au- REDUCTION OF THE A RMY. of such of our readers as,- .. ... in e perusal (particular
Mr. Smith, from the committee on the Judi- thorising the continuation of the Cumberland: The House having again resolved itself into a ofthem. We say gratuitovsly, because, a". most of our the additic
ciary, to which the subject was referred, reported road to Missouri. He controverted the opinion committee of the whole, Mr. Whitman in the readers s ill beresutrpric t th e pblicat, did, at their Th A
a bill to cause to be surveyed, marked, and dis. that this canal would be a local work-it was a ..... t r eior t h c .:"1 .inll have be s.sover
tinguished, the boundary line between the north- great national object, as were all works whichair, o the State of.. the Unio the silitra- orade t wasin the same ct, that a discrimation, un- the nw t
ern part of Indiana, Illinois, and Michigan; which brought the different parts of the country toge- tion oft te bill tfo the red-tctio of the Military known before, was introduced between the acts ofCon- he A
was read. their, and promoted their comfort and union; Peace Establishment was resumed. gress, making some public, and entitled to publication, placed an ;
The resolution submitted yesterday by Mr. and h-e was ready to support similar objects in Mr. CANNON rose, and made a speech ir favor and otherssp'ivate, denying to the tatter publicity, so far to attend t
Lloyd was considered and agreed t. other quarters. He maintained the right of the of the bill, which occupied nearly three hours in eingr publications in tie newspaper h depde ton it- After
The bill to continue the act establishing Trad- West to expect some expenditure of the public the delivery ; when dian Treaties and the Private Acts occupy a space we admitted
ing Houses with the Indians, was, on motion of funds in that quarter of the.Union, and thereby could employ much more profitably to oturselves,and more. paym ento
Mr. Holmes, of Miss. taken up, and having been aid in some sort the monied institutions of tha The committee rose, an4l the House ad- acceptably perhaps to our readers, we have determinel committee
considered in committee of the whole, was post- part of the country, &c.--in supp,i L of which journed. that they allnot be withhe Ifrot Iblice eve in monopoly,
_tyi s t consequence of the act of the last session. We are 'ot it, returned
posed to Monday. opinions he spoke at some length. *This reference is to a notice, yesterday given by Mr. the lvss convinced of the error of' the law of the last ses- it duy
LAKE ERIE CANAL. Mr. YTorril subjoined a remark or two in sup- Ea ns, that on AMonday next lie should move for the sin, which must have been founded on n. e f t"wo aS- what duty
The Senate resumed the consideration of the port of the opinions he had previously expressed; ,aton o ext he u sumptions- either, that the laws oi a priv ate nature, aid venst the
bill to authorize the appointment of commssson- after which consideration of his resolution for the admission of Mis- the Indian Treaties, would be publiied without pay has been t
il to aut th route appointment of com issionavi- The question was ut on the indefinite post- sori into the Union, conditionally that she expunge by printers in every state and territory of thie Uniion Salt, a
ers. to lay out the route of a Canal from the navi- ponemet of the bill, and decided i the arma- from her constitution the clause concerning free people or, that it was not necessary that the people, generally, d to ,
gable waters of the Ohio to Lake Erie-the mo ponement of the bill, and decided i the affrma- ^of color. should know any things of the legislation of Congress forw e go e
tion made by Mr. Ruggles, to pledge certain pro- live, by yeas and nays, as follows: r. individual relief or of Indian Treaties. Now, treaties will go ne
ceeds of the sales of the public lands to making YEAS-Messrs. Barbour, Brown, Chandler, Eaton, beg the paramount law of the land, and some of the In-
the Canal, being the question under considera- Elliott, Gaillard, Hunter, Johnson, ofLou. King, of Alab. FOR SALE, -dian Treaties of as great importance as any constitutional
th Canal, bing th quson under consider Lanman, Lloyd, Macon, Mills, Morril, Otis, Palmer, Par- A BOUT 102 acres ofthat valuable estate, called Cal. legislation can be to whole states ofthe Union, and every
tion. rott, Pleasants, Roberts, Smith, Taylor, Tichenor, Wal- verton," late the property of Dennis A. Smith, ad- private law involving some grant of money, of favor or
Mr. Walker, of Alabama, spoke against the ker, of Alab. Walker, of Gee. Williams, of Miss. \!. joining the western limits of Baltimore city, together ofprivleg, not reasoning can be necessary to prove the Extract
bill, grounding his objections-witheut examin- liams, ofT'en.-26. with ll theonvenientand splendid improvements et- flcy of tie last argument. rhat which precedes it will Herald
ing at all the constitutional question, but only the NAYS-Messrs. Dana, Dickerson, Edwards, Johnson, ec t tureo. e il orse ofa very shat experience, to be
ofing at all the constitutional question, bKent onl Lowrie,'Noble, Rules, Snbrd, Stokes, Tal- Mansion Houe latel finish in eq usually illusory. But, were it true, it appears to us to arrived
question of expediency-on the belief,that such a but, Thomas, Trimble, Van Dyke-13. mie new Mansiro House, lately fin ised in a sty he o t te a narrow policy, not worthy of a great and liberalna-
work ought not to be undertaken unless as part hebillwas eced. gnificence rarly eqle in this country, consis tion to ask th ... .. '1 of printers, already star. a O. R
o i e h So the billwas rejected. its elevation, ofab'.lse:o '"'1.... larober,'a l "attic.-ir "'V of Iu '-o ".abusin"ess foirbeareri
of a great system of internal improvement ; that RELIEF TO LAND PURCHASERS. stories, The baseisme. .. ..l. ,ar a rkiitchen It. nr- pat-. i r;. .- .:;, ., .:1,. a ousmetr bear, of
bot ilte point at which such a system ought to bi.t .ie ate t '', :,u .i ", t'.. ..t o convenient" manner p..' ..i i, wits "Iegho' e ut s ,, ... .,, T h le ra
lay, tooktup,iacommittee oe the whole, the b n d less.1o.f. ,..lsof unutterable names, without such Cortes, a
commenced; that the enhancement of the value ay, took p, i committee of tewhoe, the bill tiles, aliqorcela', a wood cellar, an anti-roomor hahll, 'h o nutele altaneewthot s Cortas, a
ofthe public lands, was riot a god argument in for the relief of purchasers of public lands prior a house-keeper'sroom, two chambers, and a stair case. red The orphan,the wido, the insolvent, the po, brig Peia
favor of the bill,unless the government meant, in to the Ist day of July, 1820. The principal story contains a passage or halt 12 feet in andmthedistressed,pay for the smalladvertisements whicl, brig Peia
ood faith, to make the canal after its course was, Mr. Thomas, of Illinois, chairman of the com- breadth & ot thedepthof;.-i uii mbred with in their cases, the law makes necessary ; and they pay Mr.
laid out, and therefore the amendment offered mittee on the public lands, delivered his views my stair' case, aid free in its whote etr t; a drawing for them without a mrmtur, because they knows it is just ports that
atilarge innfavorrofothetpassagedofnthisfbill, room and dining room, each circular', '2 feet diameter, a that they should pay. Shall tme geveri'ntofagreattion the Cortes
by Mr. u les was fair and commendable, c. at large n favorof the passage of this bill sittingroom,abreakfastroom,ansta se. Te chamber claim exemption pai t services renred, when rgy in th
In order, however, to test the sense of the Senate Mr. Edwards, of Illinoi, followed, ard, in a story contains 2 bed rooms of circul,.r for.-, 26 feet di- suct as these do notes? pTo a itts compaatiely uvi consoiergyidanth
at slice on the bill, which had been fully discuss- speech of considerable length, supported the same ameter, 2 square bed rooms, a longitudinal passage, and portant whether this service be paid for or not : our es- consolidat
ed at the last session,lihe oved its indefinite post- side of the question. [The debate will be given stair case. And the attic story contains four square bed tablishment is of great extent, snd the compensationchinations
e elt hereafter.] rooms, and a passage of'siumilar form and size to that on which is withheld is perhaps not, in reference to the an- Respe
Mr. Tible followed, and spoke in answer The bill was then laid on the table until to- garret is fihed plainmberfr, anoms. The exterior T o the printers in the nuoun ntry towns one are auhosa presented
to the arguments used by gentlemen yesterday, morrow, presents in front a portico ,-f the l:.'h .,l two stories, zed to publish the laws, it is otherwise. Their labor is c t
d by Mr aler to day against the bill ea- The bill making a partial appropriation for the and ofamp!e length ; the ..r.: '.il ,h;.r. .,:s by a log-. too necessary to them to bestow any part of it for nothi- port there
onig to shw tht people would by the neigh- military service for the year 1821, was read the gia or semi-circular recess, vaulted with a semi-dome. ing, and they cannot be expected to publish these things ate consid
S to sew that peope would the neigh- and passed, wth a small amendment art o the dining nd drawing rooms project beyond without compensation in many cases they cannot do so up and dis
boring public lands under a fair calculation of third time and passed, (with a small amendment the end walls in bows. The ki..' ..' I has also a porti- if they would. It may be observed, by the way, that the rnet with r
the chances in favour of the making of the canal, requiring the concurrence of the other House ;) co, the height of one story, The whoe of the exterior compensation for the publication ofthie laws, as it te- ties foth t
formed on a view of the law, and, consequently, and is handsomeJy stuccoed of a stone color,and the dressings merely stood, so far from being too liberal, was scarcely r All th,
no deception would mislead the; and reason he Senate adjourned of all the windosvs, the water table, the borders of the reasonable, being about one-third of the reg,.lar charge Allth
Sportico, the bases and plinths of the columns, and pilas- for ordinary advertisements. pute before
also i-t the various local interests and j.a- HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ters, are of free stone or marile. T.e materials of eve- We are not without hopes that Congress will, at the edition wha
lousies which opposed this bill, ant the com- i OE ry kind throughout are of the first quality, and the work- present session, repeal the law passed at the last. Wheth- finally, the
umencement of the contemplated work ; and ar- Mr. q.nderson, from the committee of Public manship inferior to none in this country, er it be repealed or not, we shall continue to publish bf ore thi
um that it was nly by adopting a plan of this Lands made a report on the etitn f At a moderate distance from the Masion is the Far every law and every treaty, being permitted, by the in-before t
uind that i e was l government that the ub ands, made report on the petition r l m House, a neat stone building, with piazza in front and dulgence of the Departmeint of State, to do so "by au- werts, un
kind, by the general government, that te pub- Pope, accompanied with a bill to regulate the rear, containing 3 rooms on a floor, and stair case, and 2 th/rit"," though not n,y law. sent to Ge
lie interest could be promoted and the improper location of land warrants and the issuing of pa- stories high, with finished garrets. Contiguous to this the U
influence of private interest, which might operate tents in certain cases : which bill was twice read is the green house, equalled by fewih this slate for size to the Uni
if the work were left to the state, could be avoid- and committed and advantages. These two built igs in connection Extract of a letter from a gentleman on board fthe sic
ed, &c. Mr, Southed, from the committee on IIndianhaveapicturesqe efet, andin front a'drearof them is J'a .-erchanitman, at Lima, io /his broths in ceptedia t
ed, Morril was opposed to the bill as well on s tr t the fruit and kitchenigardens. hl a valley a little be- Baltimorde11all 1820. er in
Mr. Morr was opposed to the bill as well on Affairs, reported a bill to continue in force for a low the farm hise is the sprig, ba,,t, anI wash ous, Baltimore, dat Ca c. 25, 1820. ".
account of its inexpediency, as from well found- further time the act establishing Trading Houses under one roof, and well shaded by of:y poplars. The "'hlie news of a revolt at Guyaquil reached
cd doubts of the constitutional power of Con- with the Indian tribes; which was twice read avd water is cool an.i of excellent quality. The troughs tbr Lima yesterday, which has hove us all a'.,.ck.
gress to authorize the work, and also from the committed, the milk pots are of stone, the bath isof marble, and each Thi., country in in a shoc..ig state at present.
-inability of the Treasury at this time to defray Mr. Cocke, from the committee on Military ianne, At a proper d stance fromle faium house, and The Chilian fleet and army liave captured Pisco, ubs
extraordinary expenses, ic-undr.n' that the cost Affairs, reported a bill for the relief of the heirs to the north, is the barn and stables, the carriage house, a seaport about sixty, miles above L..a." -
of the work would, be derived indirectly if not di- of Adolphus Burghart, deceased; which was wagon and cart sheds, it d cow hoi-ws, stalls i..w cattle, --paataoi-- f rsh o,
rectly fromi the public funds. He viewed it also twice read and committed. &c. The barn yard is vaulted underneath, and the eel- BLrTiMOLE, JAN. 10 change itin1
as a lure held out to the purchasers of the public Mr. C. from the committee on Military Affairs, la are ificitenly large to contained nsiderable quainti- We have read an article in the National Int.l. .g'ton City,
lands, which lie could not support; & thinking that reported without amendment the bill for the re- t sgutsr veetbles sefa arism n oso c 'rbe ligencer complaining of the rough treatment ex- my tan yard
-Contiguouis.to).lit' fapin yard is a neat andIcomburiablegt.Part of cl
when a business of this kind was commenced it lief of Robert Purdy; which was referred to a residence of stone for the working it'ity, properly divi- perienced by a passenger in the.Mail 'tages from dwelling iI'm
ought to be part of a general plan, the expence committee of the whole. ded off for their accommodation. T'e yard is abund- Philadelphia to Baltimore. We are assured that liouse and b
defrayed out of a general untd, each.state receiv- The bill from the Senate to incorporate the antly supplied with water, brought trom a distance in tire irregularity cosrnai)ned of was occasioned-by s a, . ing its proportion ofit; that this, moreover, was not Columbian College in the District of Columbia pipes froul an cccllent spring. Tie Nrouds are orna a vast number of passengers being thrown upon allowed to b
he suitable place to begin the plan; that would was read twice and referred to the committee eed with a variety of ee other stages at the moment of the stoppage of the andashand
prob:ibly eost a great deal more, judging from on the District of Columbia. corated, in a proper point of view, with a rustic temple, steamboats, and before the present arrangements acres of goo
other public works, than was now estimated, &c. Mr. Wood, from the committee on Public and a lodge of peculiar structure in front, binding on the could be fully matured .and completed, The line will. About
Mr. 2Rugles spoke in favor of his amendment Buildings, to whom was referred the petitions of turnpike road. There is a paved road from the iodge is now, and has been for some time, in lull ope- disputable t
and also of the bill, and argued to shew that the Charles P. Grage and Henry Caucici, made re- the estae, aig it ci Te ra tion, and every facility and care is rendered to Jan 10-e
canal would be made i now a orized ; and also ports against the same, which were agreed to. laid is of the first rate quality. The farm has a meet the just wishes of the passengers ; and no
to shew the vast commerce which would be car- On motion of Mr. Whitman, it was proper proportion of wood land, contains a valuable more is admitted than the advertisement stipu- ., N A
tried on through the canal, fiom and to a great Resolved, That a committee be appointed to enquire and well manured meadow, bordered by a broad canal of lates.-Patriot. p unt
part of the western country; its extensive advan- into the expediency of reviving and continuing in force never filing water, several fields in a high state of iat- foltwing sl
,ages to that quarter of the Union, and the satluta- for a limited time, so much of an act, the provisions of provemernt, young orchards of choice fruit, &ec. In short, took her f'ei
ry policy g-enerally ofauthorizin"g such a work. which partially expired on the 1st of November, 1819, the useful and the agreeable are here blended in this BOARDING. George,
Mr Ty be ar. m .s .k t ^ o h.w tht t entitled "An act regulating the currency within the Uni- pleasant, healthy, and delightful place. A SMALL family, or three gentlemen, can be accom- a bright mm
Mr. Tm'iuibte again spoke to shew that the ex- ted States of the gold coins of Great Britain, France, T'his valuable and highly desirable property will be A fmodated with Board, and furmshh.cd rooms. For high; very
pence of the canal would never have to be defray- Portugal, and Spain; and the crowns of France, and 5 soil a great bargain. For terms apply tothesubscriber, further particulars enquire at the corner of G and 7th occasioned
ed ot.t of the funds of the general government ; franc pieces," as relates to the gold coins of those spent. of the Trustees of the Baltimore Alms-.ouse, at streets, near the General Post Office, of of his left
that-the expense of the survey would be a mere countries, his ofice in North Charles, near Conewago, street. JOHtN McDUILL. on andi took
trifle, and the v;,iue of it to Ohio and the whole Mr. Tracy offered the following resolution. Jai 10-..12- mn3m SAMiL. YOUNG. Also, a part of a House to let. ting ; a blu
western country incalculable. He was par- Resolved, That the Secretary of War be directed to jan 6-2awtf et, and a w
,it 'ithei l lsh l so a transmit to this House a statement showing the amount FOl SALE 1OR RENT'', recollected
ticu"rly desirous th!t the bill should now pass, and value of goods, estimated at costs,) on hand by the I--1 large and convenient Paper Mill; a dwelling PUBLIC SALE. carpenter,
because the advantages of it would otherwise be last return, at the different Indian trading-house and at J House, and 4or S out.iouses, situated on a farm fl'l virtue of an order from the Orphans' Court of business. Gi
soon lost to the state and the Union, inasmuch as the depot, in Georgetown, designating the amount at I', ,.,, in a handsome countr-, 5 miles from Car a I Washington county, D. C. thie suitscrriber will ex- cured free
helndiuan titlebeingextiniguished rdthelands,they each place. lisle, Penn Thle mill is huilt in modern style; 2 vats, 4 pose to public sale, on Satorday the 20th inst. at 4 o'- Miima is
-",oild I'' ini the market, and would pass into the This resolution, from its nature, lies on the ta- screws, and every convenience anid "- l'"ni-' nf water ; clock, p. m. on thee premises, a small brick House, ad-m old. She t
S iiIs c ble ~one day of course, and rpag'; obtained at the tdoor for 3t. I t 1 ii p*r huns- joining the office of Thomas Randall, Esq). as also some withe a vnumi
"Tr .o i'ns> vicveihe djtiott strictly a- Mr. Cobb submitted for consideration the fol- dreld The whole will be sold or rented at a bargain, cloths and household furniture, the property of the late they have y
i .'.'i irvCenwet ih, qinmestioli tc lgy et o lutn and on iber'l payments neither o the present owners Wmin. A. Stuart. doubt but t

'he conisidei'aions connected witl that question. Resolved, T'hat the committee on Naval Affairs be iin t rd to be the settled sneofthe country structed to enquire into the expediency of limiting hby 1s of April next. Eiitire in Carlie. notes with approved eni.hirsers., bearing interest from the them again
beth site. ofa the n i w the number of able seamene, ordary seamen, amd JOHtN McCLUt day of sale. WM. LENMAN, sonable chi
iomih durd't pni -d t "'' in hi>s opinion, boysy, to he annually employed in the service of the Uui- a.1-wHt5 JoSBPH KNOI. janj 1.2-en2w ..adminiainritor, dec t' -


IMPORTANT TO COM Ei2CE;

e following extract, it wilt be scan that
ly way has been found rnut to neutralize
sive ope'ratikn of the lFrenich retaliatory
Son Am.ric*;n shipping, .'i the
f ti lihae i n o 'is in ti .I, 1', .
es.. B y *in a'.iic'se from:: :' '* i,..i.
'. :that French. ve ts t, ..1 .,[o--.;
Sa prcciseji siii..ar :. r *.: t,
.. with cargoes carried thither
rleans (at t'ii' i'expense) in Are-
ls..-s 'orft'.4f Heral,
.rti-ac? ,j" ft t'ci'ttcr.
Erbraahro, Octbier 2o4-
y wish to knew the operati-n of 'the
law of the if.,'nch government upo.
erce in the i M) itt.rr'riciA.
ort ofn I :, where ail; our trade
the law is rendered pccuiiarly ac-
ing, and subjects the merchants of the
tes to little or no incorvnctience.

etn er, it it I t. ; ... ..., .
he ,, '- she ;. -
the p('-t of Nice, in :'..i ,. .r Vill-
n Savoy, where the _in;.( are vety
Nice affords an entrance to vessels not
ore than twelve feet water; but Villa
spacious and convenient for any t i.iti
f these ports the cargo is trans.shippe4
'rench vessels for Marseilles, and the
of duties on the carpges from thpe T,
hat market, arriving in French vessel,
*ly colonials,) will more, than pay-all
.nal expenses, including the freig'
nerican ship then takes in balLa.e' and
to Marseilles, which exempts he i n
onnage, and loads her return C(' .
merican merchants at Marseilles have
agent at each of the above named ports
o the interests of lii. n i '...1 I:.
ie 1st of March next, Tobacco is to be
into all the ports of Spain, upon thi
f 2 reals (10 cents) her ib. duty. The
*rencrted in favor of the old system of
but the Cortes determined to c h. -.
ed the bill with instructions to report
might reasonably be assessed to prc-
depredations of snI. .-..' --and such
he decision.
other of the King's perquisites, is do-
be free on the Islt MIarch. Quicsi er
xt."

THE FLORIDA TREATY.

f a letter to the Editor of the AVorf/lk
received per the Edward I1. 2.'.'.a,.
at... F York, dated
GI5BALTAR, Oct, 22.
ich, Eaq. (U. S. Consul at 7 .i. ,
Mr. Forsyth's despatches ,elr, l- i,
tficati'n of the ;cty i:..
rirved here this morning from Madrid,
slivered the despatches on board the
des, for Philadelphia.
left Madrid on the 16th inst. and re,
all was tranquil in that capital, and that
s were proceedig with accelerated en.
e adoption of measures calculated to
e the new system, and dispel the ma-
of party.
acting the Spanish treaty, he says it was
to the Cortes by Senr. Perez de Castro,
of State, with an able and elaborate re-
on, recommending it to their imm-iedi-
oration ; that it was immediately taken
cussed with the greatest mildness, and
no other opposition than the two Depo-
he Island ,'f Cuba.
e grants which formed a point of dis-
e, are annulled by' the Cortes-no con-
tever attached to the ratification-and
treaty appears to have been brought
e Spanish government upon its owt,
influenced by foreign agency, and is
:n. Vives, with instructions to tender it
ted States, with an earnest expression
erity of the Cortes in the measure they
ted, and with a hope that it will be ac-
he spirit anid good faith with which it is


iROPER'TY FOR SALE.
;criber offers fbr sale that valuable. tract of
ing in Montgomery canty, Md cal(id {io-.
containing 129 acres. I wil ell tiic whole
reasonable terms, or ary part tof it, or ex.
part pay for property in Georgetown,Waih-
or Baltimore, (except 1U0 or 150acies, wib.
.) This farm is under good Fence, the great-
hesnut rails. The improvements are a new
ase, 2 stories hig!, with : r-.r 1 cilar .a coiri
arn. There is, also, a yard oin .said
a->in s h clay tide This l ar'ir is
e as much impra'oed as any in the couWi'y
some as any i-0 the state. It is well watered",
plaster act well on it. There is at least 100
id meadow land, whi.h can be watered at
t40 acres are now sown in timothy. An in.
itle will be given.
o3t ISAAC DAWVES.
100 DOLLARS REWARD.
'AY from the subscriber, living' in Fairfax
state of Virginia, on the ,16th instant, the
aves: C.1., 1.'.'., and MIMA his wife, who
nale child, about 6 months old, with her.
whp commonly calls himself George Tyier, is
ulatto, about 38 years old, 5 feet 10 inches
stout made has a scar on his right instep,
by a c,'t with an axe. e has lost the sight
ye, and is fond of spirituous liquors. He had
With him, a blue great coat of beaver cota-
e close coat of coarse cloth, swansdown jack-
bite fur hat, halt' worn ; his other c2...ii i ...:
He is a good sawyer, and a tolk iL.l, ..h
ind has worked sometime atthe .i,. ., ,,i,'
eorge is an artful fellow,and probably .as pro-
papers.
a mulatto, of the middle size, about 36 years
ook with her a dark cassimee great coat,
ber of valuable clothing, not recoil.cled As
gone of' without any provocation, there is no
hey will make for some of the free states, and
o pass for free people. 'W'thever iak-" up
i :, c,., them in any jail so that I get
i, ill re. '... the above reward, and all rea.
irges ifbroug'. home.
-wf' WM. C!I'lK., near Laneasvi.'l'










'..'.'. 3' ""-s" ],3shIalso be settled cm',n-st them, at a point most
convnieit to the population ; and a fahithful per-
-" son appointed, whose duty it shall be to use eve-
--- r r reasonable exertion to collect all the wandering
S.... Indians belonging to the Choctaw nation, upon the
Island hereby provided for their permanent settle-
.1 *-- "meut.
,&A-'2 ,.i ,(iij[jgll~l ,c- ..- -.-: Art. 7.' Out of the lands ceded by the Choc-
Wr I r '.-- taw nation to the United States, the Commission-
S Ia r ers aforesaid,-in. behalf of said States, further co-
venani. a:d .qagte, th .t rift-'our sections of one
BY AUTHOury.. mile sq,,tji e shall he laid o',t, in good laWid, by the
President of thte United States, and sold, for- the
JAMES MONROE, purpose of raiaitli a fund to be applied'to the
itSi nrNT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. support of the Choctaw schools, on both sides' of
To all and singular to whom these presents shall the Mississippi River. Three-fourths of said
,a d he 11 lip firii hnnb fi of 0


come, greeting :
.W'hereas a treaty of frienship, limits, and ac-
commodation, was made and concluded, between
the Onited States of America and the Choctaw
nation of Indians, at the Treaty Ground in said
nation, near Doak's Stand, on theNatchea R,.ad,
on the 18th day of October, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty, by
C.-.mmissioners on the part of the said United
States, and the Ming....es, Head Men, and War-
riors, of the s.,l n tion .1 Indians, on the part
and in behalf of the said nation ; which Treaty
-is in the words follwin-, to wit
.A Treaty of friendship, limits, and accommnoda-
tion, bt ,e'-i-n the Utiled States of A.aerica and
.h4- Choctaw .Xutioa of Indians, begun and
crwcti,,Ivd t Ihie Treuty 'rom..- in saril V'irtioi t,
r.'r /.U--t,'s ta rd, m, thle ."tckt li ai .
-- e. ae.~',tLiL. -- --
W----' eas tifis an important object with the
P-e,,d: ...l t i.l.t United St ,', to iE-r ti-. thli
civilization uf the Choctaw .'d.ian', by thre eta.b-
liioment of schoolss amongst them ; and to per-
pttl.:ite them as a nation, by exchanging for a
,.,u1ll partof their land hete, a country beyond
tlht Mississippi River, where all who live by hunt-
ing and will .not work may be collected and set-
t.ledii tidthe : And, whereas it is dcstrabl: ut,
the State of Mississippi to obtain a in l -..n iV ol
the land belonging to said nation; for the mutual
accommodations of the parties, and for securing
the happiness and protection of the vwhole.Ch.ic-
taw Nation, as well as preserving. that harmony
anid friendship which so happily subsists between
them and' the United States ; James Monroe,
President of the United States of- America, by
Andrew Jackson, of the State of Tennessee. Ma-
jor General in the army of the United States
-ani General Thomas Hinds, of the State of Mis-
iSsiplpi, CommiSsioners Pl-i t1i,ot'ii. iv of the
United States on theon e part, and the Mingoes,
Headmen, and a Wartrs, olof the Choctaw nation,
in fill council assembled, otht-other I.ait, hat,
fil .. v and %uluntatiiy -entered into the follow .mr_,
articles, viz:. .
A 't. 1. To enable the President of the United,
States to carry into effect the above grand and
humane objects, the \l',.noc', Headmen, and
Warriors, of.the Ch, ctaw nation, in full Coun-
cil assembled, in behalf of themselves and the
said nation, do, by these presents, cede to the U-
iuitcd States of America all the land lying and
bewtg within the boundaries following, to wit:
Beginning 6on the Choctaw Boundary east of
P a-i River, at a point due south of the White
Oak 'Spring, on the old- Indian path; thence
n.th to said spring; thence northwardly to a
Lt,-.c oak, standing on the Natchez road, about
forty poles e-o'. w. i.-ly from D.,..k a fence, mark-
ed A J. and blazed, with two large pines and a
black oak standi g near thereto, and marked at
poditters; theiice a straight line to the head of
Bl-.ck Creek, or Bouge Loos'a; thence, down
Black Creek, or Bouge Loosa, to a small Lke ;
thence, a direct course,so as to strike the Missis-
sippi one mile below the mouth of the Arkansas
River; thencedown the Mississippi, to our boun-
dary ; thence, round and along the same, to the
beginning.
Art. 2. For and in consideration of the fore-
going cession, on the-part of the Choctawi' nation,
and in part satisfai tion for the same, the Coam-
missioners of the United States, in.behalf of said
,states, do hereby cede to said natton.a tract of
ct.untry west of the Mississippi River, situate
between the Arkansas and R d River-, and bound-
ed as follows B-ginning on the Arkansas Ri-
ve', where the lower boundary line of the.Chero-'
k.es strikes the same; tiencei, up the Arkansas,
to the Canadian Fork, and up the same to its
source ;. thence, due south, to the Red River,
thence, down Red River, three miles below the
mouth of Little River, which empties itself into
Red River on the north side ; thencu, a direct
line to thfi- beginning.
Aft. 3. To prevent any dispute upon the sub-
ject ofth.i boundaries mentioned in the Ist- ad 2d
articles, it is hereby stipulated between the par.
ties, that .the same shall be ascertained, and dis-
tinctly marked, by a Commissioner or Commis-
sioners, to be appointed by thIe United States, ac-
companied by such person as tile Choctav na-
tion may select; said nation having thirty days
previous notice ofthe time and place at which
the operation will commence. The person so
chosenr by the Choctaws shall act as a pilot or
gil ., fobr which the United States, will pay him
two dollars per day, whilst actually engaged in
the perfisriance of that duty.
Art 4. Tii' boundariess hereby es-tablii- lie
between the t-ioct:tw Indians and the Uniitedr
S-ateS, O this 'r--e .r. -t -rn'-a-sppr-fZrvcr,
.hail remain a without alteration until the period at
which said nation shall become so civilized and
crlig!,tcied as to bemade citizens of the United
States, and Congress shall lay off a limited par-
cel of land, for the benefit of each family or in-
dividual in the nation.
Art. 5. For the purpose of aiding and assisting
the poor indians, who wish to remove to the
country hereby ceded, on the part of the United
States, and to enable them to do well and sup-
port their families, the Conmmissioners ot the U-
nited States engage, in behalf of said Sates, to
give to each Warrior a blanket, kettle, rifle gun,
bullet moulds, and wipers, and ammunition suf-
ficient for hunting and defence, for one year. Said
warrior shall also be supplied with corn to sup,
port him and his family for the same period, and
whilst travelling to the country above ceded to
the Choctaw naton.
Art; 6. The Commissiontrs of the United
States further covenant and agree, on the part of
said States, that an aSnent shall be appointed, in
due time, for the benefit of the Chloctaw Indians,
'who may be permanently settled in. the country
ceded to them beyond the Mississippi River and,
at a conivenient period, a factor 'i. 'i i, snt there
with goods to supply their wants. A Btlacltsmithi


iUni salil be appropriate orl" t eieneit:r ut ;tet
schools here, and the remnining fourth for the eas-
tablishment of one or more bey-.nd the Missis-
sippi ; the whole to be placed in the hands of
the President uf the United States, and to be ap-
plied by him, expressly and exclusively, to this
valuable object. .
Art. 8. To remove any discontent which may
have arisen in the Choctawnation, inconsequence
ofsix thousand dollars of their annuity having
been appropriated annually, for sixteen years, by
some of the chiefs, for the support .il their schools,
the Commissioners of the United States oblige
themselves, on the part.of said States, to set a-
part an .udlJta..n-al tract of good land, for raising a
fund equal to that given by the said chiefs ; s:
that the whole of the annuity may remain in the
nation, and be divided amongst them. And, in
.kd r lIatII c-( l jt istc4: rn'1 bc done.to tlhe poor
- *.- d ,tll_:icts~_l0 o0 :.,i-l n.:itulh. hi shall be the duty
of the 2atcnt to see II..ri thIe mts of every deaf,
durlb, blind, and ,itrcd., Indi in, shall be first
,supplied out of said'annuity, and the balance
equally distributed amongst every individual of
said nation.
Art. 9.. All those who have separate settle
ments, and fall within the limits of the land ceded
by the Choctaw nation to the United States, and
iwho desire to remain where they now reside,
shall be secured in a tract or parcel-of land one
mile square, to include their improvements.-
Any one who prefers removing, ifhe does so with-
in one year from the date of this treaty, h..ll l-.e
paid their full value, to be ascertained by two
persons to be appointed by tlie President of the
United States..
Art. 10. As there are some who have valua-
ble buildings on the roads and elsewhere, upon
the lands hereby ceded, should they remove, it is.
further agreed by the aforesaid commissioners,
in behalf of the United -tates, that the inconve
nienceof doing so shall be considered, and such
allowance made as will amount to an equivalent.
For. this purpcsr. there shall be paid to the Min-
go Puckshenubbee 500 dollars ; to Harrison 200
dollars; to Capt. Cobb 200 dollars; to William
Hays 200 dollars ; to 0. Gleno 200 dollars; and
to all others who have comfortable houses a com.-
.ensation in the same proportion.
Art. 11. It is also provided, by the Conimis-
sinners of the United States, and they agree, in
behalf of said States, that those Choctaw hiefsand
warriors who have not received compensation for
their services during the campaign to Pensacola,
in the late war, shall be 'paid whatever is due
them, over and above the value of the, blanket,
shirt, flap, and leggins, which have been delivered
to them.
Art. 12. In order to promote industry and so-
briety amongst all classes of the red people in this
nation, but particularly the poor, it is further pro-
vided, by the parties, that )he agent appointed to
reside here shall be, and he is hereby, vested with
full power to seize andti cnfiscate all the whiskey
which may he introduced into said nation, except
that used at public stands, or brought in by the
permit of the agent, or the principal chiefs of the
three districts.
Art. IS.- To enable the Mingoes, chiefs, anu!
head men, of the Choctaw nation,to raise and or-
ganize a corps of light-horse, consisting of ten in
each district, so that good order may be main-
tained, and that all nr.en, both white and red, may.
be compelled to pay their just debts, it is stipula-
ted and agreed, that the suns of two hundred dol-
lars shall be appropriated by the United States,
for each district, annually, and placed in the
hands of the agent, to pay the expenses incurred
in raising and establishing said corps, which is to
act as executive officers, in maintaining good or-
der, and'compelling had men to remove from the
nation, who are not authorized to live in it by a
regular permit from the agent.
Art, 14. Whereas the father of the beloved
chief Mushulatubbe, of the lower towns, for and
during his life, did receive from the United States
the sum of one hundred and fifty dollars annual-
ly, it is hereby stipulated, that his son and sucess-
or, Mushulattbbee, shall annually be paid the
sane amount during his natural life, to cons-
mrence from the ratification of this treaty.
Att. 15. The peace and harmony sub'-isting
between the- Choctaw nation of Indians atd the
United States are hereby renewed, continued,
and declared to be perpetual.
Art. 16. These articles shall take effect, and
become obligatory on the contracting parties, so
soon as the same shall be ratified by the President,
by and with the advice and consent of the Senate
of the United States.
In testimony whereof,.the Commissioners Plen-
ipotentiary of the United States, antl the M:Nig-es,
}l*-".s 1-.:i. in I Warigr._oft)the Choctaw nation,
have hereunto subscribed their names, and affix-
ed their seals, at the place above written, this 18th
day of October, in' the year of our Lord one thou-
sand eight hundred and twenty, and of the Inde-
pendence of the United States the forty-fifth.
ANDREW JACKSON, Coinmis-
THOMAS HINDS, 5 sioners.
,lcedal lingoes.
Puckshenubbe, his x mark.
Paoshamattaha, his x mark,
Mushulatubbee, his x mark.
Chiejb and Warriors,
Alex. Hamilton.
Capt. Red Knife, his x mark.
Shapabroma, hisx mark.
Gen. Humming Bird, hIis x mark..
James Harrison, his x mark.
Talking Warriort-, his x mark.
Little leaderr, hisx mark.
Capt. Bob Cole, his x mark.
Red Fort, or Oolatahoon'', his x mark,
Choctawastonocka, hIis x mark.
Oglano, his x mark.
Chuleta, his x mark.
Jolmn Frazler, his x mark.
Oakcmtiumoia, his x mark,
?,. :.';.t,,r his x mark.
Ih .i. n i, '~s it x markk.
Onanchahabee, his x mark.
; Copat.natl:oco,his x mark
Atabobia, his x mark.
Opehuiola, hisi x mark.


Chetantanelainubbee, his x mark.
Capt. I.apata, i, s x mark.
Panchaliaobee, his x mark.
Chitlkaiiicka, his x mark,.
T" ,', iurr',i, ,his x nark.
Totapia, his x mark.
Hocktantubbee, his x mark.
Tapawanctiahubbee, his x mark.
SCapt. Red Bird, his x mark.
Capt. Jerry Carney, his x mark.
Chapanchahabbee, his mark.
S i'T fn..i.i .;,.,, lis x mark,
'T"'h ,'. 'i',, ,is x mark.
"1 icl 'i,.,ciibee, his x mark..
Stitacanchihubbee, his x mark.
Cap,. Wiliamn Beams, h's x mark.
r.,:.t. I .c- Pitchlynn.
J t-i,., ,.,tne, (.aitlad., his s mark.
Tapanal ia1n-i ,, ii hh llc.,
'lthalhomia, his x r ak.
T'ishola a, his ., nrark.
Intqui',, I', a inm-rk.
L |I.,LoC LlIeI ,bhisx mark.
Palochubbee, his mark.
Capt, Joel H. Vail.
Tapanastonahanus his x mark.
HoopihoImia, his x mark.
Cielutahomia, his x mark.
Tuskiamingo, his x mark.
Young Captain, his x mark.
II.l' .1 t [)t.-c, I,1- ,x m ark.
Tishoo, his x mark.
Capt. Bobb, his x mark.
liopl,' n. libihl.e, I.u x mark.
Cy.T. Il Ile i-.u,, Iisx mark k
L Iiarjriil M h Cul., kis x mark.
Mucklesahopia, his x mark.
Nuckpullachubbee, his x mark.
-..ji. I'liirna, McC'urlain, his x mark.
0-; ''/J.h lu "-- r,"r1X n co k.
Capt. John Cairns, his x mark.
'.p ,n.,s o'-h,,'hin3. Ii k mark.
f '; !lI l.iuh'l-,n ,ii- \ ni 'r k.
',i i, Xr. lisia iark.
ilh..li''.. ,nl h ,thtin eIc, his mark.
Chuckahabbee, his x mark.
Washaschahopia, hisx mark.
'i,.i n-ik.,a, hisx mark.
.iepc.rlnn.ia, his x mark.
Ii,,h ii. ,, his x mark.
Capt. Sam. Cobb, his x mark.
L wis Brashears bhis x mark.
IMuckelehamia, his x mark. .
'Capt. Sam. Magee, his x mark.
T.ickbihomia, his x mark.
Doctor Red Bird, his x mark.
.Oontoola, his x mark.
P.., -.-arniiIbb,:.., his x mark.
-Casania, his x mark.;
.J4oscph Nelson, his x mark.
Unahubbee, his x mark.
:Ited Duck, his x mark.
Muttahubbee, his x mark.
Capt. Thokahatubbee, his x mark.
Capt. Tonnanpooctia. his x mark.
Mechamiabbee, his x mark.
Tuskanohamia, his x mark.
Tuok ubiib-el ti:s., his x mark.
% ill.n ri-3 Ii x mark.
Greenwod Leflore.
-Archibald Magee, his x mark.
Capt. Ben. Bariis, his x mark.
,Cusconohicca, his x mark.
Capt. Lewis Perry, his x mark.
HIennekaclubbee, his x mark.
Tussashainia, his x mark.
Capt. Charles Durant, his x mark.
Fire Durant, his x mark.
Witnesses present at treating and signing g:
Saml. it. Overton, Secretary to the Commission.
Eden Brashears.
J C. Bronough, Asst. Surg. Gen. S.D. U. S. Army.
H D. Dow-nes.
Wm. F. Gangent.
Wm M. Grabhamu 1st Lieut. Corps of Artillery.'
Andrew J. Donalson, Brev. 2d Lieut. Corps of Engi-
neers, and Aid de Camp to Cen. Jackson.
P. A. Van iorr.
John H. Esty.
SJohn l'ithlynn, 1. S. Interpreter.
M. Mackey, U. S. Interpreter.
Edmund Falsomne, Interpreter.
James Hughes.
(.eo. Fisher.'
Jas, Jackson, jr.
Now, therefore, be it known, that I, James
Monroe, President of the United States of Ame-
rica, having seen and considered the said Treaty,
have, by and with the advice and consent of the
Senate, accepted, ratified, and confirmed, the
same, and.every clause and article thereof.
In testitnony.vhereof, I have caused the Seal
of the United States to be hereunto affix-
ed, having first signed the same with my
hand.
Done at the City of Washington, this eighth day
of January, in the vear of our Lord one thou-
sand eight htiundred and twenty-one, and of the
Independence of the United States the forty-
fifth.
JAMES MONROE.
By the President-
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS,
Secretary of State,.
,PLAlD CLOAKS,
UJS'' opened, oia very superior quality, and elegant
p:tteirns. COLSTON & i.,OOCKERMAN,
jan 8 Vtrnum's Row, Pennsylvania avenue.

GILLESPIE'S PRIZE LIST

Sevwnti Day's Drawing of the
GRAND NATIONAL LOTTERY,
Fourth Class.
No. 29,14.1 a prke of S1000
15,054 4997 100
All so!d by Gillepic.
A quarter of '29,.41 and 2 eighths of 15,054 were on
hand: the other shares were sold to a number of per-
sons in this city.
Thi Lottery' wvi! draw again at the Mayor's office at
9 o'clock o> ,Voncnav niorning.
70-io numbers .ave been drawn, and, what is rfmlar-ka-
ble, 1000 doldaris the highest prize drawn, leaving the
following i..i.n i ,, i, ., viz:
] jrire of r "'
1 10,000
3 1 5,000

7 ,00
42 "' 100
and nearly 5000.smailler prizes.
VWhole tickets 510 d0 Quarters 2 50
a-/a-es 5 00[ ftKighllss 1 25
Those intending to take a chance or chances for the
above grand cap: ils .ill save one dollar by purchasing
This Day. Tickets advance fsom the iprescnt price 10
to 511 on Monday iniriing.
For thc lucky numbers apply at
D. GILLESPIE's
Fortunate Office,
Penntsylvania avenue, Washington City.
who has sold more capital prizes within the last year
th".n any other vender of tickets in the United States.
Tickets for sale in the New.York Literature Littery,.
No. 4, at e11; wilt finish in three more drawings.
trizes in the wheei are
25,000 Dollars.


10,000 Dollars.
5,000 Dollars.
1,000 Dollars.
8 500 Dollars.
and a lrge number i)" 100, and smaller prizes,
N. 1. tReniew your smati prizes for, tickets warrant-
I uindrawn in the above Lottery
jan 13- G3 MN


COMMUNICATION S.

.Messrs. Editors: I am sorry to trouble you,
but I cant resist the inclination I feel to ask Ho-
mo tw;, QuUsnons :
1st. Whence he derived his statement of the
comparative produce of agriculture in Great
Britain and France,?
I hate %liely aci a statement, for the year
1819, in the Gazette de France, which gives thi
following item-s
England. France.
Agricultural capital, in
. francs, I l 61,000ri.:' I,000) 57,522,000.000
Gross product of do. 3,875,000,00.0 4,679,000,000
Nett product of do. 1,461,000,000 .,,.. .,'u',i").o
Soampmost important ltflctions may be made
upon the foregoing statement. If by nett proceeds
is meant the amount after deducting the expenses
of cultivation, and which then remains in the
hands of the farmers, to be converted to their ex-
clusive benefit, then it will appear that the ex-
pense of cultivating land, the price of labor and
subsistence, is at least three times greater in
England than it is, in France. But if, as I un-
derstand the term, it means the nett proceeds that
come into the pockets of tho farmer, after the
chut cl.h nd ine state have had their .-haie-, after,
all ilit dc .'.lac fore taxes and poor rates, then
it affords but a melancholy proof of the blessings
derived from a Paper System, because most of
these tixes have become necessary in conse-
quence p. the paper national debt of England.
Which i the lhappici i'eopc- th"eIt I.%oh pay)
three-,uilths of tHe girsS pruutdcts f t, en'ir KiucA
for the expenses of cultivation, or for the support
of igiv rimt nt; or those ,th, rcccit e the whole
as a clear gain .
2d. I will beg to ask Homo to tell me seriously,
whether he ever read the Hitis,:,- of \Vhit-
tingtoin and his'Cat;. and,'if whether he
don't believe it quite as authentic as a good
portion of the History of England ?
Yours, truly,
PARVUS iMO '.

ARMY SURGEONS.
FOIL THE NATIONBE INTELLIGIINCER.
There is no officer in our army whose situa-
tion and prospects are so unpromising as those
of a Surgeon : he has no rank, no command, no
p, oiotion, and his pay (as.Post Surgeon) is only
40 dollars per month, and 2 rations. If he keeps
his horses and his own servant, he is allowed for
them. Excellence is not to be expected from
human nature; without something to excite emu-
lation-something to aspire to. A Lieutenant
may become, by long service and meritorious
conduct, a Lieutenant General; and we have al-
most daily instances of their rising to Captains,
Majors, Colonels, &c. and thus are glorious ends
by worthy means attained. But what has a Sur-
geon to aspire to ? After twenty years service-
if he is so fortunate as to avoid collision, and stem
the,current of opposition from the lineal officers
who, from existing regulations, are almost ne-'
cessarily, in consequence ot his undefined alnd
unequivocal standing, placed in hostile array
against him-hle may still be a Surgeon: perhaps
with lower pay than he had twenty years ago.
Even the honorary prospect of a brevet is denied
him, although 'It is thought necessary to allow it
to all other officers after ten years service in one
grade, notwithstanding they have many other op-
portunities of proora tion. B.' rI,,' S...~,'-'.. g.e-.
nerally serve separately, a'd have, iheick'for, no
opportunity of preferring their claims collective-
ly either to the national legislature or any of the
executive branches.
Itit is important to have Surgeons in the army
at all, it is much more important to have good
and experienced ones; for it is well known that
more men are lost by sickness and disease than
by the sword. Much more might be said upon
this subject; but, with these brief and desultory
remarks, I would respectfully suggest:
ist. That some collateral rank be established
for the army Surgeons, whereby they may know,
(if they have no command,) by whom they are
commanded.
2d. That specific rank, and a rule of promo.
tion,be established in the medical staff of the army.
Sd. Th.L one additional ration be allowed to
all Surgeons hi.the army who are now allowed
but two rations.'
4th. That all Surgeons now in the United
States' army who have served more than ten
years shall be entitled to a brevet, with the pay
and emoluments of a Major of Cavalry.
5th. That any Surgeon who has served more
than twenty years, or held a commission more
than twenty years ago, and been in actual service
more than ten years, may, if he request it, in
time of peace, be placed on furlough and half-
pay.
These regulations or provisions, I believe, are
conformable, in principle though not in extent,
to those ot all other civilized nations. I will not,
however, go into any arguments upon their me-
rits, their reasonableness, or advantages; but re-
spectfully submit them to the consideration of
those whose province it is more particularly to
judge of them.
Jin old Army and N'avy Surgeon.

VALtJABLE tOsl'htl'Y 1OR SALE.
1I lisase'lz or lease; or cent, tfa.t well known Tavern
known hbi the name of the Globe Tavern, kept by
Thonus James, in Shepherdstown, Virginia. This esta-
blishment is situated on the corner' of two of the princi-
pal streets in the tow .; the i ,, ,,'-. re all brick, ttw o
andi three story, containing twenty-six rooms, good gar-
re's and cellars; also, two good cellar kitchens well fitted
out with all conveniences necessary for kitchens; also,
smoke houses and sgalles; one large frame house now
occupied as a printing office, is attached to the said pro-
perty. This property has the advantage of any other in
that town; it is situated ,n the centre of the town, on one
ofL he most public corners in the town; the Turnpike,
running through tram Washington City to Winchester,
passes by the door. In this tavern tihe Masonic Lodge is
kept, and all town meetings. there is also a large ball-
room 40 by 56. "l'his property will be sold on very ac-
commodating terms by paying one fourth of the putr-
chase 'money in hand, or ill be leased for three years,
on reasonable terms, by paying the money in advance, or
I will rent it for one year'. Those that would wish to
take on any of those terms can make application to the
subscriber living in Washington City.
THOMAS CROWN.
dec 5-dtf


WESITEN LAW AND LAND AGENCY.
D ANItL P. CUOK & WILLIAM H THROWN, Coun.-
sellors and A tornies a Law, residing at Vandalia,
the seat. ;.L .- i- in of Illinois, w:ll jointly attend t,,
the collection money, management of land i ,: -
ac, for those who may confide their business to Mcm. .
The former, while a member of Congi-ess, rray, dur-
ing th-e sess ,ns), be consulted at Washington city.
sept4-27-w6m


SATURDAY, JANUARY 13.


The late agitation of the proposition for redu.
cing :he Military Peace cstablishi.ntri h -s brought
to view the following letter, which, has never be-
foree been r uli;t. -rt and would therefore be
.iccepi. ble to our rt.Ader, if for no other reason.
We do not know what are the present views of
.the President on this subject, but the following
letter shews what 'they were Vyhen he filled the
office of Se ctary of War'

February 22d, 1815.
SiR :, I' havehad the honor to receive your let-
ter of the 2ulth instant, requesting the opinion of
this Department on the propriety ofreducing the
Military establishment, under present circum-
ces, and on the extent of the reduction.
The haste with which 1 am zumnpelld to make
this report, will put it out of my power to present
to the consideration of the commrrittee dA the cir-
cumstances 1lich merit antcrint-n, in decedrng the
important quctiioii, what force ought t1.e United
States to retain in their service, in the present si-
tuation of the world ? The reaul of ray reflec-
tions on the sbiject, I do not hesitate to submit
forthwith, relying on the can.d-., '.f ;ic commiit-
-ce for such iaoJ*ul.'eoc, a, may. bt. ,ue to the
m ant of time.
Th. late -'..a ,-.rrnesd an epoch of a peculiar
char':ct-,r hlildy ineve.,r-ting to tlieUnited States.
It made a trial of the strength and efficiency of
our government.for such a crisis. It had been
said, :that our ui.--in and system of government
wouldr1 nott I .r suchl a trial. The result has pro-
ven the imputation t-, be ui;c,-ly destitute of foun.
nation. The e perimervt ,as made under cir-
cuimstances -l.e n:r.-t Lnirvoial'a to the Uniied
States, and the n,, st f.vo al.le to the very power-
ful nation with which we were engaged. The
lei..i-.-ir.;i. hi is satisfactory that our union has
gai ,il -u 'iitl, our troops honor, and the nation
character, by the contest.
The peace forms another epoch n.-,t less inter-
esting, though of a nature in some respects dif-
ferent from the other. By the war we have ac-
quitred a character, and a rank among other na-
tions, which we did not enjoy before. We stand
pled 0.: t.-o Su ip'it this aur.k and character, by
the ad.:.;.-rin of -uh measures al may evince, on
the.part of the United States, a firm resolution to
do it. We .-innot .o back. The spirit of the
nation forbids it I'lhe privutic.-is to which our
fellow citizens have been exposed, the losses
which they have suffered with extraordinary pa-
tience and fortitude, and the blood which has been
.all.,i:dy shed, in ihe def:rre of our rights, point
out our future cu u se of conduc'- and impose ont
us new obligations to pursue it.,
In deciding on lthe reduction ici ought nor
to be made of,'ul forces, attenuton is due to our
relations with other powers.
With 'Great Britain, an hsnnorable peace is
made, but it must be admitted thit the effect of
the peace in Europe laid foundation for the peace
between the United States and Great Britain.-
The United States did not make war to prevent
a possible injury at a distant d2-,. They declar-
ed it in retaliation fir wr,-' ,-~ s d ii- .d''',-rat..:;'"T
wntctretretss w-as rrfuscd. As soon 'se
wrongs c-: cd, th' causes of war ceased, and the
United State-, were killingg to put an end to it:
Still the controversy itself is vet to be accommo-
dated. The presumption is, that it will be ac-
commodated, since it is certain that it may be
done, with honor and ad- intak.e to both nations.
While the European war lasted, the British gov-
ernment might find a motive of interest as well as
of pride, to refuse an accommodation on fair con-
ditions ; but now peace is established, that mo-.
tive no loneiti exists. It may,without the slight-
est compromitment of character, meet the United
States in such an arrangenient, a, may be con-
sistent with the honor and interests of both na-
tions.
At this time Great Britain may be supposed to
have on, this continent about 35,o00 troops ; none
have been withdrawn, nor is it probable that any
will be until the exchange ofratifications.is known
in England, if indeed it is the policy of the British
government to diminish her force on this conti-
nent.. Our force ought, in some degree at least,
to be regulated by that of Great Britain. It may
be presumed that the British government will
watch attentively the measures which may be a-
dopted at this moment by the United States, and
infer from them the danger which may be ex-
pected of a new struggle for the same causes, and
regulate its future pretensions and conduct to-
wards us, by that estimate, A yielding spirit may
invite war.
With Spain our affairs are yet unsettled. The
persevering resistance of the government ofSpain
for so long a time to the just claims of the Unit-
ed States, has been equalled only by their mode-
ration and forbearance. The period is perhaps
arrived, when it may be practicable to settle on
just and honorable conditions, all our differences
with that power, which is an object much to be
desired. It is certain, that the. more independent
our attitude, the better will the prospect be.
What may be the future arrangement or com-
bination of power among the nations of Europe,
is uncertain. They will, undoubtedly, each of
themi, look to their own aggrandizement, and
from such alliances, as may be most likely to pro-
mote it. Absurd would it be for us to calculate
on the friendship of any nation. All are govern-
ed by the interests of which they do not always
form a correct estimate. It is consoling fort us
to know that such is our distance from them,
so great our actual strength, and abundant our
resources, that if we are true to ourselves, cher-
ishing a pacific policy, are prepared to resent
wrong, we have no cause to fear harmt from any
of them, nor have we any pretensions which we
cannot sustain.
In reducing ourt' force to a peace establish-
ment, it is incumbent on the United States to af-'


ford our fellow citizens all the relief which may
be consistent with their permanent and best inter-
ests.All useless expenditure should be retrenched.
It will be. admitted, however, that a force should
he retained for any necessary national purpose,.
The late war has shown our vulnerable parts,
r rather our defenceless situation. It is our duty
to put these posts in a proper state of defence,
now that we have a fair opportunity for it. If
we neglect the opportunity, i is easy to foreset










the consequences. Other powers knowing our PROCEEDINGS OF THE CONGRESS.: Hroi:c orF lr,.' :-- -r .----- -. c' The Rev. Mr. Ryland wif perform rlnne
weakness wili calculate on it, and regulate their C .i L iCATION. r Hal of the House of Represertitres, to-
conduct tow ard us by it. W e m ust either sub- F RCID ArY JA N U A R Y 12, vR rnTI .. If-It IO'clock.
it to wrongs, insult, and or stTho Procedings 'bich-',to ied L e T h se ewo' mpbel willra in the
them, by engaging in war unprepared for it. IN THE SENArT. of RepresBy r.rs le r C- i .r-
The spirit of the nation, as already obser-d, will 'The President communicated to.the Senate a nature, .at I ic r...ii va. pi t, .'.t I.e ,:. I ', -:, t ,, .. k. _,
not submit to the former, and recent experience Report of thie Secretary o the Navy, made in usual henr. It is rot prazi.-.. '.,. y-,r-,t .-.. 'e 1 ,- :h -- u ... rot --
has given us abundant admonition of the latter. ,bedience to a resolution of the senate of the 1st late an hour, .i intclfi* ..Eis1-. I!- .*' _"V'A!;" r1.,r R
It seems to be our duty to fortify our coast in of May last, requesting the Secretary of the Navy passed; a.,, ind,.ed, wv, t .,-.c. .. :...- .- .,e .' .., -. t .: "i-" h. *,,g-
such a manner as to afford, in case of war, p.ro- to cause to be revised the fules, regulations, and curately rer n rd, they were s*;...,,,-,-,ated, t-,n.t -, ;,:.v,..,. ; r.:'i n treet ".. ...ec,r ...at il oc'l,,
section to our'principal cities, harbours, and even instr actions for the-naval y t ieL 7;, which report feat re d the. w rs, !r,' ".i ) I .e., 1 jn w .t
to our great bays and inlets ; to maintain our fi wasordered to be printed. fewbut ve- 1,ni Islators ir .-1u.-r, ,' e, .-, n.i. .r ., ,. .,. -
tifications at the principal poiris on our frontirerredcotoittprint h1_ _,"il ,,JIIIt .i .. .r
tifications at the principal pois on our frontiers, M. Otis, from the committee on the public We mean, ou :r, to .t..: i -,,, ,, ,,,, ... N C s
and to establish others high up the Mississippi, buildings, made anuunfavorablereport on the pe- proceeding, 4,sh..i't. F i tl,.i e U' ro L.i *. ic bn]-L',. s .,-,.at ,l t.. s o' u.. ct La'
at such points as will secure to us, in future, the tuition of Julia Plantou, who petitioned Congress must need. Ic.. ,.-,ntent i( t. h: ,.'i.l.-ing plai-, .. -, r tst, t o'clockA. M.
friendship and exclusive commerce with the In- .to purchase an Allegorical Painting, represent- account of t.e .il.jcct, c- si, biur. da I ,. a.:> .n a-r'ofr. I ,. ,.,-:. .. n13
dian tribes wihin our limits. This may be doite ing the Treaty of Ghent; which report was read. ct ,di y .. I ihe ben thinking, and yo-
tla triesshidoulmis.Thi.cvve beenthinkin any SALE ATACTION.
by the establishment of a few strong posts on that Mr. Walker, of Geo. from the committee on voting, the Yeas Lid I-, be. Jled ever readily .j ... e ii low i b2io.,r I .-,, ,tlr.. at 1 h-ON A. n Rom
river and elsewhere, near the boundary line be- Naval Affairs, made a report on the petition of times. n ,on.(he zealous ,nd useful l :,,,i, -fui. ).:i- i',,n.' ,,, a:r,,n, f', e-,h', .' t
tween the United States and Great Britain, not Samuel Tucker, accompanied by a bili for his re- On the J.:.irn.dl (.f the i,'-, '.. day i 'Ing -rs. Surely, since tiet workf lI.t.-,. rn.L :.*. i.-b. a es, a r, i..i. .,n' r-d t.-:ii ..
too remote to prevent their being supplied with ief; which were read. read, which I. al. vs pre..,iii..' ., rc ..rr tIere so able and nec- c:-ry a botil ul n i ''-. ..... ,. of t .r i ,.o Crce,.,.,s
provisions. Under the protection of these posts Mr. Trimble laid before the Senate a Report to busines.-, a ,l r rem kl c he pa. estion can .v b'e nver so c .~t 1, I.:. .rI.
trading houses would soon be opened to supply and resolutions of the Legislature of Ohio, re. uust y6u are rca lv ir ui.r 1 : it' .n. !c -i C .; '07-(cl, fr1k 6
all the wants of these tribes. *. questing the Senators and Representatives in ologyofa part of it. That lw, t.,e prt iou r national ,v to ui r% '~4 it ou nil cn copier o 'lrei ,,
From the view which I have taken of the sub- Congress from that state to endeavor to obtain sensation of three memoni.a lr.r- i-t L",sl- ..xtr.atl : I1' .'oii ri-ii .e a ris, .e ",,, -. oi.ther l. a .. variety o ,tier- al.t.c suitable
ject, I am oi opinion that not less than 20,o00 the construction of a road from the Miami of the ture of MIssouRI, respecuring i;i I,;c Li-.-.i_ .l tio.it either ..iH -itIt c the 'c It. lCs 1.1[c, ,ou or confic(uiaor- .p-,r theis.
troops ought, for the present, to be retained inl Lake, to the western line of the Connecticut other matters. It was rU.n:t.k-L;-, that it i ad r2,;l i..- ltcm; rndi I :-*, .s*..t:- hir... :l" i, MOSS PO'OR.
service, to be composed of every species of force; stern Reserve; which document was read been heretofore the uwilon ,n -t i i, : a !t ':u, _l r-, l th ilcd F. ol, r lh b,,' i,. .IC..aini. if....I
that is, of infantry, including riflemen, cavalry and referred... :.'br d ie been hee the ii l Fst puiiF c ,t .,
and artillery. It will be recollected that Mr. Ea.ton submitted a resolution directing the bouncing a Memorial from a S .:. l.eg.S:ica -,,1 'l', ar, t.,ih li .,d his blood fo c.r VALUABLE C;TY LOTS FOl SA.LP.
corps will never be complete; that they will se- committee of Finance to enquire into the expedi- to state it on the Journal as beir-- l ,oi tihe Le. ..e.cndr.cC i. i.,s n it!..,t l. i ,. ,, :-1.e 111, c. reunabl! : ti5na, ,nirnc.litCly
dom contain or than two-thirds, and often not of so aendingthe act of the last session on gislature of the State of qMaylat,, Vr-Iini, i c :ia.. ;i -.t thiir ... ....; :. th a[
not more than one-half, their legal complement.that subject, as to authorise the private acts of and, such being the caption of r. Me. : I". :. 4. ,.lroi,ti*,m ,, r ,, : -.. p' .
and, such being caption, tofJ i I.N .I.t ..t t.,, tK.) ,1 '- Ii ; n, -- "; I -.
Important works have already been crectc i' 'Congress and treaties to be published in at least frm ti.Legislature of -4 : AC,. ., .' l h ,- ... .. ,, .- -. .. [ ..
different parts of the United States, on which so, ,, oie ., ,., in tle District.LoColuobia. groestedhLt te atournal o -' .... ... *.
-vast sums have been expended---'mse-vytrghrg i le--ICl, ,, IUite submitted yestebr .day by Mr..
to be completed. Should they be neglected, they Larnman was taken up and agreed to. to it; and a motion was rnade to_-.*.. W i cr.i-s ,- ... '.,. ,, .- .. ., -..
will go to decay, and the money be lost. h BANK OF THE UNITED STATES. the State of" before the word .:,-i1...ii"I Aa'J i his an, l t tnii-cl.i, n ),c:.r -,ii ;'II,- 1 i at
It appears to me to be expedient to retainthe Senatehe outof this motion grew the iLi1 r .r.d ..ia iin.cout.. Iut ,o o.i.c u- n .1 -,r t -'i,,ii n "-. "r e e
corps of engineers, and to give to the President .he .ll .prte b .ie 1.'i dlY 0 ,.. c',.,,rii0n p. .1e
the power to eeers, andew g thers, no exceeding.. iee on finance, to amend the act to incor- quent proceedings which c,.nu-."d the d;e !Oldfaur_,i ,, 1 ith thel )l., 1 or that, like Ros- APr '. -. 1.. *'
Spower to employ a few othrs, not eee porate the subscribers to the Bank of the Uited The reader will be abe t. Jrr,.-prhe., th:., in c: e ,-,- rin d secret which. i. n eot. ornerofl .ti ..r
four, and to give them brevet rank, not higher States, (po penal enactients ..gainstvi- tis motion allowed of lui.r, 'e li Ie lt t I : 1, -hatthe sight only AlO WAN I
than that of Colonel; to retain the whole of the Se cthvis-ti.Motion allowed of I)t-ie. ig o, y O ow o bi a
artillery, a portion of the cavalry, of which. two lations a t t b ce conditWion of Mi o dpy o he 0wii to obAnasitati
troops to be branches; a authorizing the appointment of conditn of Missouri, aitd AIit.. displ.0y 1l the corn ilti iihi ely toC this p odigious know-ledge. 1- nureor maid 1 wait on a travelling ladW, to Wash
troop to be mounted; and the residue of infantry, two officers tosign the notes of the bank, instead feelings of members on that ue,., ih gave It is wonderful to behold them. In Europe, the or wait in a private family as a chmer maid, and, in
including riflemen, making the whole 20,000 of the President and Cashier,) to the business an interest I. ... c. no: belong political economists, after many years patient ii hr.. .-'I. d- alny thing, cooking excepted. For firtile
estab dseldogive u Mr ..laidbefoirthe Senate, inaspeech to mere questions of order. vestigation of such subjects, 'i'illr, at last, ventu ,i o ovmi.oenquireat ubett.siat1II L,'
15,000 effective, and often less than 12,000. of some.len tiewswhchopraedonth to give to te world the result of thelabourstreet were, if required,good .T TI,
By retaining a part of eery species of force committee on finance in recommendingra this b It is necessary to state al. r circumstance But, start any such question v-ben you may, or jan 13-3t
now in service, the knowledge which has been committee on finance itn recom nsiding this bill; which had a bearing on the wvhole day's busi- come from abroad when it will, our editors-are
acquired in the science of war may be preserved the reasons in favor of its provisions, amid those F w
acquiredin the science o war may be pron either of which induced the committee not to recommend ness. It appeared that the Clt-rt:, who makes up able to treat it scientifically, without the least FIFTY DOLLARS REWARD,
heand provlas which may be done on either the other twoobjectspetitioned for by the Bank. the Journal, had originally written in the Journal premeditation. It must be concluded, then, that, o r odi, i o th ate
t moans haveocwhichtoregu Mr, Robets moved amend e billbft ernatuy adding the words now proposomeotherou are gifted ernatural get hm again, Nego ARAAM, who left my farm on
late the reduction, Oe by retaining the ske reto the following sections rules of the house it is mad the duty of the editely take all our concerns, moral, political, Abraham isa dak mulatto, approaching black years
tonof every corps now in sevice,dismissing as Sec3. Be itfrher enacted, T the bill or Speaker to revise and .r: Journal of each and religious, into your exclusive direction I of age about are feet8 inche high ; ver stout e
of'every..n.service.d...hdbikaeaker religious, intotoeexsosiveDpsadnI-ofage ; aboutfi~e feet 8 inches high ; verk stout ade
many officers and men in each, as will reduce eot lubia, day's proceedings, previous. its being read in will notsay that thus we shall have angels in the tenance down look, and father a grumbling, low voice
the establishment to the proposed number, she. Originally made payable, or I,,'h shall have become the House. In the p r)Irt -.rn c of that duty, the shape of men to govern us, seeing this would be his dair gr low down in ibliehead, ad he rocks a
other, by reducing the number of regimnts p-able on dendsal ber,, c ll payments to Seaker had erad the wor now rooted to to contradict Mr. Jefferson, but I daresay that little in walkg He h conShe leo
payable on demand, shall be"c- ,..N, in all payments to to contradict Mr.Jefferson, but I dare say that little in walking. Re iasascar on the oisile
down to that standard. I ill have the honor to the United Sttes, only in the states and territories in Speaker had rasedtheow proposed you will think so yourselves, and this ill do bet- his legs, (it is supposed his left leg,) jst below the
submit to you the observations of officers of ex- which they are made payable, and in the states and ter- be inserted, with a view, as i-.. stated from the ter. But thus ruch I will ventureto pronounce knee, a dark mied coth oat, axe ght blueon when he went
perience on this subj;-et to-morrow or ext day, ritories in which no Office of Discount and Deposit shali r'km"o a,
peence on this subject to-morrow or xt day be established; any thin i the urteenth secti other chair, to prevent the entry the Journal from that very few of you, from modesty, would draw loons, and aghtjaket a goodsecondhandr tan
rom the reflections nd calculations I have act incorporatg the subscribers tothebakoftheUni being such as to becapat b :co,, url as back from the task. strongshoesandtockings.
been able to make, I am of opinion that the whole ted States to the contrary notwivihstanding. Provided, either assuming for grant, t.-ic) ing, hiat has There is one part of the business, however, It is supposed his aim is for Baltimore, where his fa-
expense of this establishment may be reduced to That all notes of the denomination ,f five dollars, issued b b finio 'which you all have hitherto lorgotten-and that their, who is a free man, lives. He has a brother in the
asum nwt txtee"ir,; and perhaps less than six either bythe bank or any of its offices of Discount and been the subject of great 1 -., e of opinion iu is, that a newspaper ought to be a newspaper city of washington, who is a slave. He may srop there
millions of dollars. An estimate of this will be eposit,made payable l demand, shall be receivable the House, that Missou sat. The and that you are not at liberty to abuse one ano-andthen attempt freeman topan.s on to the nth, as
cmmunicad tof o u Avih teobserat i o ntswihabe at the bank or any of ii, :er. rdo pvidedfurthera,
communicated toyou with the observations I have That it shall noibe lawfi for the 'directors of the said Journal, however, as he .(.' .a s,,ject to there every day, and nake your subscribers pay If brought home,all reasonable expenses shall .: I. .,'1
already promised. bank to establish more than one office of Discount and the pleasure of the H-'icue, c .n to any al- for it. Besides, you fill up your columns with so in additionto the above reward. If taken out l I MN li
I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, Deposite in any state, without the consent the egisa- action it should think prp. ake much editorial matter, such deep investigations land or District of Columbta, one hundreddollarsreward
your obedient servant, ture thereof first had and obtained. hion .willbe
S JAMES MONROE. Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That so much of the se-. The question on the me,,, ior .inctniding the your o upon a sorts question have so be JOHN FERGUSSEN,
Hon. WILL.A B. Grs, J cond and fourteenth fundamental article ofthe constit- Journal, as above stated. by Y and many icute thgs, and queer things to give Mulberry Grove, ar Po Tobacco,
Chairman of Com militaryy Affairs Senate. tion of said bank, contained in the 11th section of the act to the public, that you have special little room jan l2-2aw1m
incorporating the subscribers thereto, as provides that Nays; and there were N 1. N 7 Thili left for a desert after such substantial fare. But,
no director of the said bank or any of its offices of Dis- house being equally di1% ri-i. ,- ,; .:a'.r voted would it not be much better, t1'.,.i. wereto charge NOTICE.
Ac py of the fitice b-tween the gov- count andDeposite, shallohis i the naive; anod tre than three d the' less or your papers, ad p.t your own su- 'iH togivenotice, that tl subscriber, .'e cay
ernments of SpMit an C.' .' ,, .ihi,- y i,b.-, rT-h.., .e. t o Journal was thus reetU stanein a weekly sleJt l, ..-, w ',iiic ...,* sub- .,, Fr.-r.--e r s dny-, i t, c., -.
Commissioners and ratifiedby Morilo ad oli ec. Be i enacted, the to rsof Another motion was made to amend the our-scribers could buy or ot, as they pleased ? Thus tion on the personal estate o Edward Harwood, late of
d PhiladelhI riyour wisdom would, in time, e embodied into said city, deceased. shall cause a list of the stockholders-of Another motion was ade to aend the jor-Your wisdom would, in time, e embodied intoaidountyeceaed.
var, is received, va Phladelphia, being e the aid bank, together with their places of residence, nal, by inserting, before the word Missouri," somethinglikethe ooksofthe sybilsand,fr what All persons having cla ins against the aid" deceased
from the Carac GaeteofDec.6. ne kept ban e, athi ph the words the territory of." This motion, was I can tell, would be equal in value to Fr'anklin's ar hereb warned to exhibit the sa, with the voh-
received i y toior the inspection of any andueve-y,,t stockholder of said er the-cof, to thi. subscrber, on or before the :Oth dy
its conclusion was receivedin that city with great nbak, who may apply for same within hours of business, negatived, by Yeas and Nays, 150 votes to 4. works, no doubt-would be preserved from ne- ofly next theymaytherwise, by law, be ixchtled
oy. for at least ninety days previously to every annual elee- Other- motions succeeded, and numerous ques- cessary uses perhaps ; and, by this plan, be as- rom all benefit of said ostaie.
_oy._tion of directors; and n1 oem-sos who may be entitled to none Given under my hand)tis 9th day January, 1821.
A letter from Harrisburg to this city states, at any election for directors of said bank,as attor- tions of order; motions to adjourn were repeat- s Messrs. Editors the word will be none Given und my hand H. HARWOOD,
that John B Tevor is elected Treasurer of the proxy, or agent, fo anyanother person, copartner- edly negative; but, atlength, the contention re- I know there is no small difficulty in miy plan 13--w6w administrator.
that John s. Tievor is elected Treasurer of the hip, or body politic, shall,as such, give a greater nur beran
State of Pennsylvania, vice Richard M. Crain s than votes, under an) pretence whatsoever; and no specting the journal was ended by an adjourn- to give you the exclusive direction of every thing, TO BE RENTED FOR A TERM OF YEARS,
The votes in joint ballot were, 66 for Mr. Trevor, letterof proxy shall be of an. force or effect longer than ment, which, it is understood, prevents a re- seeing you editors do not agree among your- peieo ed by me the city of YEA p
Sfor Mr. Crain years or until it shall have ben revoked. "preises occupied by me in the city of Anna
9 Mr..rain.Sec. 6 Be it further enacted, That, whenever the said newal of the controversy, as the Journal carn elves. This only makes it true, "that to be lisconsistngofa large dwellinghouse,coach houses
wiscorporation assent to the provisions of this act, and only be amended on the day on which it is read, Istableswoodhousesapacious arden, and 3 enclosed
corporaewspapers in Englan.-It appears fro a certify such assent to the Secretary of the Treasury De- only be amended on the day o ich it is ead, should insist pon it, that Duane be put at the lots of land for pasture or culture, with several oiliher con-
unpe bwtdyhss l es rpsto o t hl eba uhlh etoo hudb .I venmensces. As the establishment is on "a large scale., it
statement in The Observer,'1 a weekly paper apartment, by writing,duly authenticated, this act shall he unless a proposition for its amendment shall be head ; but, how the rest of you should be arrang- e As the establishmen ia numerous large scale, it
printed in London, that the sale of that paper of full force and effect and not otherwise. actually under consideration at the time of ad- ed, I leave to others, being myself only capable of acc
from November 14, 1819, .to November 5, 1820, Some debate ensuing on this proposition, as journment on that day, which was not the case AMICUS CURLE. the original retmy be reduced to a small rensider,-
was nine hundred and thirty-six thousand, seven well as on the bill itself, a motion prevailed to when the house adjourned this day. I tion. Should 'no individual offer for the whole premi.
hundred and twenty-four copies, exclusive of four postpone the bill to Wednesday, that the amend- NE W CIRCUS-Washington Citv, sea, they willbe divided and rented separately. .
supplementary sheets, making an average .of up- ment might be printed; and will also rent a valuable farm, distant about 2 nle
from the city, containing-nearly 800 acres of cleared
wards of eighteen thousand papers each publica- The bill was postponed accordingly. TYLER'S PRIZE LIST. Saturday Evening, January 13, 1821. landunder good incosures. There 800 are of leare.
tion. The amount paid to the revenue for stamps Mr. Sanford, having laid before the Senate Of the 15th Day's Drawing of the ses good accommodations for farming purposes. The
for the Observer was 12,4901. independent ofthe sundry papers connected with te subject of this GRAND NATIONAL CANAL LOTTERY. G performances to commence with the andisNG, well adaptedto tobaccoclover, small grain,
excise upon 1873 reams of paper, at 3d each lb bill, which had been communicated to the coin- GALLOPING VALTING, Possession will be given at any time after the month of
weight, and the duty of Ss. 6d. upon every adver- mittee of finance by the Bank of the United No. 6078 prize of 10,000 Shewing every way of mounting and dismounting with- June. For further particulars apply to me in Annapolis,
isement, making a total sum contributed to the States, to enforce the expediency of granting the 1624 296 924 out the use of tD ENTEE or to Richard aton,A. CARROLL, of Carrollton
revenue by The, Observer" journal in one year objectsprayed for in their meiiorial- The 10,000 prize was sold at Tyler's on Thursday With a magnificent display of beautifiml Horses. To Annapolisjan l3--2aw2w&w4wtf
of 15,0001 sterling, or 66,660 dollars, and that Mr. Otis moved that these papers be printed last. The Lotier) draws again on Monday next, at 7 o'- conclude with an Arabian Horse dancing to the tune of
only for fifty-two publications. for the use of the Senate. ciock, A. M. where all the splendid prizes remain yet to Nancy Dawson. Washington County,
---- Mr. Barbour moved that all the papers sub- be drawn: 40ooIDOLLORS EQUESTRIAN EXERCISE S, District of Columbia, to wit.
RUTLAND, VT. DEC. 12. emitted to the committee on finance by the Bank, ,000 O. y Master Carnes, a native of America. N the petition of LYxMAN H Coi s, an insolvent
Successful hunting.-Our parties find abund- be printed. 20,000 DOLL IRS. The performance of the two WONDERFUL PONIES, -r' debtor, confined in the prison of Washington coun
ance of sport this season in traversing the adja- [This motion was understood, by the debate 5,000 DOLL.URS. and lihe real AMERICAN PONEY. ty for debt: Notice is hereby given to the creditors of
cent forests and fields. Scarcely a day passes which ensued on it, to refer to a particular paper 1000 dollars u1000 dollars 1000 dollars In the course of the evening, Mr. Bursle will sing a the said Lyman H. Cobb, that, on the first Monday in
but there is a fine fat Buck or Doe brought into which had been communicated to the com ittee 00 dollars 1000 doas 1000 ollas r. es will go throuh.avariety of feats on horse- the oath presibed b the act f Congress, enti
town by our sportsmen, besides foxes, rabits, &c. by the Bank, with a request that it might be i-- 1000 dollars 1000 dollars 1000 dollars back. "An act for the relief of insolvent debtors within
an abundance. Our forests seem to abound with ceived confidentially; which paper is understood 1000 dollars 1000 dollars 1000 dollars STILL V9 UL TI,'G, the District of Columbia," will be administered to the
these animals. to contain a statement of frauds committed on l00 dollars 1000 dollars 1000 dollars By the Troop of Flin, Phenomen'a. said insolvent, and a trustee appointed for the benefit of
On Friday last, previous notice having bee the Bank, and the names of those persons or.offi- udo 1000 dollars 100 des YeAMAN, Tr FLYING OREMAN, h d the ary be
Fiiday previouswll ta thavg tt dollars 1000 dollars 1000 dollars Will go through his acts of Horsemanshi in which he Provided, a copy of this notice be inserted in the Na-
given, and it being well ascertained that there cers who committed them 1 1000 dollars 1000 dollars 1000 dollars stands classed t e first in Europe. .-
were wolves inhabiting our forests, large nurn- A good deal of discussion took place on thiu 10o dollars 1000 dollars 1000 dollars .thd pfcra ntedo the rstidtional ntellgener three taime peviou to the aid dap.
ber of huntsmen from Fittsford, Chittenden, and motion, and many gentlemen entered into it.- 1000 dollars 1000 dollars 1000 dollars TAILOR, by i to coclude with the HUNTED Andit is further ordered, that the petitioner be andas.
this place, surrounded one of our hills, and on The debate turned priincipally on the propriety 1000 dollars 1000 dollars 1000 .dollars U oors open at 6, and performance commence at pear atthe time and place, for the purpose aforesaid. a,
approaching the centre, had encompassed a wolf, of making public, information of this personal 1000 dollars 1000 dollars 1000 dollars o'clock. BOX 75 -cents; PI 50 cents-hildren under orde (t f the Hon Buckner TSto assistot
to which they gave no quarter, and immediately character, which had been confidentidly.4ommu- 1000 dollars 1000 dlr 12 years of age 2 cents gD the rc Court of the United States for the
dispatched On Saturday another adjacent nicatedl to a committee of the body ti whom the 1000 dollars 1000 dollars 1000 dollars T-+tPl aces can be taken at the Circus from 12 to 2 o'- an 3-3t WM BRENT clerk
mountain was surrounded and another wolf taken; subject had been referred, simply t> shew the 1000 dollars c every ay. cek
and also some other game. It is said the citizens expediency of granting to the Bank the securi- 20 of $500, 45 of S100, and several thousand of O50, and Saturdayance tuesday, Trsda District of Columbia)
near the forests have suffered much from the de- ty of penal sanctions against violation of trust by and smaller prizes. N. B. Smoking will not be permitted in the Circus. Washington County, to wit;
struction the wolves have mnadeamong their sheep, its officers, and the reason which exited for ask Allorders promptly attended to, at Seats are partitioned off at e'sh end of the Pit for co- fVN the petition of GEOsGE Dix, an insolvent debt.
it being ascertained that there have been nearly ing of Congress this additional gutrd against 1 til L'otif O e ored people. y f or, confined in the prison of Washingeton cofn
50 killed probably by these vermin, such treacherous spoliations-some gentlemen Grand National Lottery Ofice, an 1>- ty for debt : Notice is hereby given to the creditors of
A Ebeingin favo- of sp iaan t'oni-omegnle Pennsyiv::.ia avenue, Washingtoc city. 100 REAMS the said George Dix, that, on the first Monday of Feb-
AR?. as a aut ofa theonore maCon public, as, uarters, 3 INa Imperial Printing Paper lave been deposited rusty next, at 11 o'clock, a. m. at the court room, the
D as a just punishment of the offen .tr and a war- sLes, 1 00 QEarths, 17 at this office for sale It can be had low, for cash, oath prescribed by the act of Congress, entitled "An act
On the 11th instant, by the Rev. Mr. McCormicr, Mr. ning to the world against them ; an( others be- Jani 13- or an approved note at 60 or 90 d(lays. for the reliefof insolvent debtors within the Distr.ct of
both of this city. stances in which it came to the knomedge of the .ia-NOTICEal tflsumbiawt bae tdoinied the onthe bet aid tis heredit,
At Philadelphia, on Monday evening last, by the right Senate. In the course of the debate, it appear- S hereby give, t tHS isto ive noticeEthaoh euart tash oNaint ssuficient cause to thie contrary be then and there
,i ev. Bishop White, Capt. As.Ex xon JAM.s DaLAs, of ed that the document was not now il possession J of this co tnty, as "a runaway, a dark mulatto man, who in the Distriet of Colnmba, letters of administration on tional Intelhigencer three times previous to the said day.
propey o ing feet 10 iches high, stoutmade, d a a sar on his to cnty, deceased t th n.-. .....,
NOTCElan t, ~m popl' ioheofproeesi wth hst ~gt cee bnehisclthngoneveve ad (is ct- Allputeishavngclim agitstthesld ecasd f----------e--C C


tain it, the proper mode of procecing with that ,.ght cheek bone; his clothing one velvet and one ot. All persons having claims against the said deceased By order of the Hon. Buckner T ,ruston aist.t
S NOTICE.,sitant
.7,TANTED, on mortgage, 8000 dollars, to be secured object, &c. The debate was terminated by a on roSndabout, one pair linen pantaloons, one cott are hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouch. Judge of the Circuit Court of the United States for the
Sv on freehold landed property, which produces, a motion by Mr. Smith to postpone Ie subject to 'it, i ad fr h,l much w ers thereof, to the subscriber, at or before the 30ih day District of Columbia. WM. BRENT, Clerk.
oJ. .. says lhe is ee, and was bornb at the large Seneca 4f December next; they moy oti rwise, by aw, be ex- jan 13-St
present, a p.-1tanent rent ot.2000 per arnum. Part -., Monlay, with the view of then suitittilng a re- Mills, near Georgetown. If a slave, the owner is request- eluded rom all benefit of the si estate. 1
-he rn t.oy berrivefd will be laid out on tme property., solution on the subject; and ed to come forward without delay, with proof of the fact, Given under my hand this 4th day of January, 1821. LEGHORN.BONNETS.
ing to ioa the above sum will please direct their c The subject ws postponed-ay 21 ; and crgles, a reeablye him lrm gaol, otewise e ja 6 cases Leghorn L.NCHAD, dm W OCats, with extra rcerows, whived two
municationa to A. B. Washington City. e The Senate adjourned to MondaI- W.M. BE ALL, Jr. S.iF PRI ,NG theyoffer sale attheir Auction Roonts,Bridge sa eet
nov 20i-w'?,v Frederick County, Md. tf every description "ec'uted at this OeiS Georgetown, dCec 28--










,











BY AUTHORITY.

JAMES MONROE,
PRESIDENT OF THE. UiNITEI) STATES GF AM.ERICA,
To all and singular to whona these presents shall
come, greeting :
Whereas a Treaty was made and concluded,
between the United States of America and the
Wea tribe of Indians, at Vincennes, in the state
of Indiana, in the eleventh day ofAu.ust, in the
year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred
and twenty, by a commissioner on the part of tlhe
said United States, and certain Chiefs, Warriors,
and Hea! Men, of the said tribe of Indians, on
the part, and in behall, of the said tribe ; which
treaty is in the words f ,'1 ir..., to wit :
A Treaty, made and concluded by Benjamin
Parke,a Commissioner for that purpose, on the
part of the United States, of the one part, and
thi Chiefs, Warriors, and Head alien, of the
Ifa t:-ibe ,f Indians, ofthe other part.
Art.. 1st. The Chiefs, Warriors, and Head
Men of" th r .14 tt he agree to cede, and th,-y do
*fereby ced :*.r, .'r: I i.iili to the Unfited States,
iall he lands ecsi-ved by the second article of the
treaty between the United States and the said
tribe, concluded at St. Mary's, on the second day
of October, eighteen hundred and eighteen.
Art. 2d. The suum of five thousand dollars in
money and goods, which is now paid and deliver-
ed by the United States, the receipt whereof the
Chiefs, Warriors, and Head Men of the said tribe
do hereby acknowledge, is considered by the
parties a full compensation for the cession and
relinqiishment above mentioned.
Art 5t. As it is contemplated by the said tribe
to remove from the Wabash, it is agreed, that
the annuity secured to the Weas by the treaty of
St. Mary's, above mentioned, shall hereafter be
paid to them at Kaskaskia, in the state of Illi-,
nois.
Art. 4. This treat), as soon as it is ratified by
the President and Senate of the United States, to
he binding on the contracting parties.
In testimony whereof, the said Benjamin
Parke, Commissioner as aforesaid, and
the said Chiefs, Warriors, and Head
Men of the said tribe, have hereunto set
their hands, at Vincennes, this eleventh
day ot August, eighteen hundred and
twen ty.
B. PARKE.
Maquakonong'a or Negro Legs, his x mark.
Chiquiih, or Little Eves, his x mark.
MIeticoshia, the Frenchman, hi,, x niark.
Eutashemisai, or Thunder, his x mark.
K nm.cosahta, or Long Body, his x mark.
'Vaapoukeal, or Swan, his x mark.
Laushe'patesa, or Two Teeth, his x mark.
Meabanet, the Lean Man, his x mark.
Cheholeah, the Dipper, his x mark. ..
Choliesehaquah, Bullet Mould, his x mark.
Samaquah, Yellow Beaver, his x mark.
Chasaihwahah, or Rifle, his x mark.
Gtou p.quai, or the Lone Tree, his x mark.
Ciieiwu ah0, or Minme. .
Techepaiow, or Shirt, his x mark.
P v;iutwa, 'Francis, his x mark.


IZ presence of
John Law, Secret.ry to the Commissioner.
Wi!liam Prince, indiia Agent.
Nathaniel Ewing.
W l'i. Breading.
E. Boudinot.
Pr. Laplante.
Michel Brouillet, United States' Interpreter.
Now, therefore, be it known, that I,


Jam es


Monroe, President of.the United States of Amer-
ica, havig seen and considered the said treaty,
have, by and with the advice and consent of the
Senate, accepted, ratified, and confirmed, the
same, and every clause and article thereof.
In testimony whereof, I have' caused the seal
of 'the United States to be hereunto affix-
ed, having first signed the same with my
hand.
Done at the city of W:shington, this eighth day
of January, in the year of our Lord one thou-
sand eight hundred and twenty-one, and of the
Independence of the United States the forty-
fifth.
JAMES MONROE.
0y the President :
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS,
Secretary of State,


JAMES MONROE,
PlESIDENT OF'THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
To all and singular to whom these presents shall
come, greeting :
Whereas a Convention was made and conclud-
ed between the United States of America and
the Kickapoo tribe of Indians of the Vermilion,
at Vincennes, in the state of Indiana, on the fifth
day of September, in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and twenty, by a com-
tmissioner on the p art of the said United States,
a4 ce rtaia-chiebuwarriors, and head -(inea,. of the
said tribe of Indians, on the part in and behalf of
the said tribe, which Convention is in the words
following, to wit;
articles of a Convention made and concluded be-
tween Benjamin Parke, a Commissioner on the
part of the United States for that purpose, of
the one part, and the Chiefs, Warriors, and
Afa.-',.i',, of the tribe of Kickapous of the
Vermilion, of the other part.
Article 1. It is agreed that the annuity secur-
ed to the said tribe by the treaty of the thirtieth
of August, eighteen hundred and nineteen, shall
hereafter be paid to the said tribe at Kaskaskias,
in the State of Illinois.
Article 2. As the said tribeare now about leav-
ing their set.lemtnts on the Wabash, and have
desired some assistance to enable them to re-
move, the said Benjamin Parke, on behalf of the
United States, h'as paid and advanced to the said
tribe two th.ousarnd dollars, the receipt whee-of is
hereby acknowledged, which said sum of two
thousand dollars is to be considered as an equi-
valent in full fr the annuity due the said tribe
by virtue of the aforesaid treaty, for the year
eighteen hundred andI twenty-one;
In testimony whereof, the said ci: -6,it Parke,
commissioner as aforesaid, and .the chiefs, war-
ri'ors, and head-ment of the said tribe, ihave here-


ncto act their hands, at Vifceance, the dith day
ol September, e.ghtecn hundred and twenty.
B. PARKI-'.
Wagohaw, his mark, x
Tecumsena, his mark, x.
Pelecheab, his mark, x
Kechernaqws, his mark x,
Pacakinqua, Iis mark, x
Katewali, his mark, x
Nasakeah, his mark, z
SIn presence ot-
William Prince, Indian Agent.
Samuel Jacobs.
1t. S Reynolds.
George It. uC. Sullivan, Vincennes Postmaster.
Toussaint Dubois.
Michel Brouillet, Interpreter
Now, therefore, be it known, that I, James
Monroe, President of the United States of Ame-
rica, having seen'arid considered the said Con-
vention, have, by and with the advice and con-
sent of the Senate, accepted, ratified, and con-
firmed the same and evety clause thereof
In testimony whereof, I have caused the seal
of the United States to be hereunto affixed,
having first signed the same with my hand.
Done at the City of Washington, this eighth day
of January, in' the year of our Lord one thou.
sand eight hundred and twenty-one, and of the
Independence of the United States the forty-
fifth,
JAMES MONROE.
By the President:
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, Secretary of State.

[PUBLIC ACT.]
AN AC'' to alter the time of holding the District Court
iti tihe Distriet of Mississippi.
Be it enacted by the Sehiat- and House of ,-e.
prr.,itaiftr.i- rf tfIt, U0?ited Stat"' of iWimnerica in
Congress assembled, 1That the District ourt, in
the District of Mississippi, heretofore holden on
the first .inorn-.ty in May and December, shall
hereafter hold its regular terms only on the first
Mondayin January'and July; anyllaw to the.con-
trary notwithstanding.
Sec. 2. .nd be it further enacted. That every
writ, process, subpoena, or recognisance,returna-
ble, according to law, or the tenor thereof, to ei-
ther of the aforesaid terms, holden on the first
Monday in May ard December, shall be return-
able to the next succeeding term of said court,
to be holden on the first Monday in January and
July,
JOHN W. TAYLOR,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
JOHN GAILLARI),
President of the Senate, pro teminpore..
Washington, January 11, 1821.-Approved,
JAMES MONROE.

PRIVATE ACT OF CONGRESS:-

AN ACT for the relief of Perley Keyes and Jasom Fair-
banks.
3Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representativess
of the United States of .imerica, in Cong-ress assemnblitd,
That the Secretary of the Tre.asury of the United States
be, and he is hereby, authorized to cancel and give up a
certain bond heretofore executed to the United States by
one Samuel W hittlesey, late a paymaster of militia in the
state of New York, and the said Perley Keyes and Jason
Fairbanks, as sureties of the said Whittlisey : Provided
That the said Keyes and Fairbanks shall first execute
another bond to the saiut United States, with sufficient
sureties, to be approved of by the said Secretary of the
Treasury, for what shall appear to be due to the said U.
united States, payable with interest in two years from the
passing ofthis act.
Approved, January 11, 1821.

WOOL FACTORY.
'-S.', YANTED, a person capable of managing a Wouol
,' ctory in the, Districtof Columbia. None need
apply unless .vll recommended. Address to Edgar Pat-
terson. UeorgCtowI.
dec 14-eott'
A GREAT BARGAIN !

FOR SALE,
That iccll known Tavern Stand in Zanesville,
Ohio.
1 IROM a great rumltiplicity of business and had health
thtin proprietor offet-a for sale that eligible and well
known stand. The ground consists of 2 Lots, wanting a
few feet, and fronts two streets and an alley. In addi-
tion toa large 2 story frame house, in'front is built new
and elegant three story brick house, 80 by 31. On the
first floor is a dining room, 55 by 31, a pantry and akitcin.
en; 2nd floor, an te !er-nt ball room,( tie largest in the
state,) 80 by 31; .-.- l ,rI or, handsomely partitioned off
fir lodging rooms, calculated for two and three dou-
ble beds, with a passage in the centre from one end
to the other, a good dry cellar tnder the whole, divided
off for a kitchen, cellar, coal house, an] wash house. Al-
so, on the premises isexecellent stabling for about 100
horses. '
Zanesvi!le is a great thoroughfare between the eastern
and western country, handsomely situated on an almo-
constant navigable and beautiful river, (Muskinguni.)
Thi town and neighborhood has almost every advantage
that nature can bestow. Besides a canal for every :mnd
of manufactories, are saltworks in abundance The Utnit-
ed States road is suro to pass through the town, as th.
straight line passes within a mile of it, Stonecual is de-
livered from 5 to 6 cents per bushel. They tire equal, if
not superior, to the Pittsburgh coal. Ir-on ore is ii'utd
anid manuflacti.red without limit; and we hope, inha a short
Lime, to have the same to say of silver ore.
The above property will be sold on reasonable terms,
by getting a good payment in hand, and .the time made
easy for the balance.
The furniture may be had with the house. The bel'i
are new, and of the best quality. The stand andtt busi
ness is superior to any in the western ceu ry, and noit'
known eastward that the business wouhl be exchitniigel
for.
Any person wishtng to purchase will please nmidkei
knrwn the amount that.could be paid in hand, as thi
price of the property will be regulated by that.
The property was considered worth S20,O0 a year
ago- (at l\li.:lh, tin, :'iui reit was offered tfr it,) but
much Ilel '..i beo la.,: .- tatow, as my desire is to sell
JOhN S. DUtIAN.
P. S. Zanesville is the seat of'Justice fjr Muskingum
county, nov 18-6m
COTILLION PARTIES.
M R. V. MA3 espectfully informs the Ladies and
Gentlemen of Washington and Georgetown that
his next Cotillion Party will take place on the CapM it
Hill, at the laie Congress Hotel, oi Tuesday next, the
16'h inst when his new Cotillions and sett Dances will
be danced to the gratification of the ladies andti gentle.-
men. 1 .
jan 12-
Wzashington county,
District of Columbia, to wit.
. N thepetition of MATIrtm La.ttarn, an insolvent debt
P or, confined in the prison of W\Vashingtonr county for
debt: Notice is hereby given to the creditors of the said
Martin Larner, that, on the first Monday of Februatiy
next, at 11 o'clock, a. m. at the court room, the
oath prescribed by the act of Congress, c titled An acti
for the relief of insolvent debtors within the District of
Columbia," will be administeredi to the said insot'ivent.iad


a trustee appointed for the benefit of his creditor;, un-
!ess suiticient cause to the contrary he then and three
shewn.
Provided, a copy ofthl- notice be inserted in the NO-
tional !.. : ...- .-s times previous to hei sriod d a3
And it i ,irt, r ,c: .., that the pelitioner be and ip
pear at thie time ain, place, fior lth' purpose ifores-id.i
hy order of th litoil. Bt:ckner't'Thruaton, assist:ui;
Judge of the Circuit Court of the U united States, for -.
District of Columbia,
jan 12 3t WM, 3lRINT, Clerk,


JREBATE
-"t ON ThE
ADMISSION OF MISSOURI INTO' THEl UN!, -N
[COiTTIS ITiD ]
-IiJU-3E ti REPRiESEN TATIVES.
psC.-stcia 12.
Mr. MXALLABRV,of'Vetrmont, observed, that he
was conscious of his small claims to the indulgence of the
House, while he presented his views on the subject which
engaged its attention, lie trusted, however, some ex-
cuse woe' I 1 *- -i i.i. the interesting character of the I
question-to be decided.. "
rhe measure proposed is calculated to effect the pri-
"-i c p t, of the people of that section of the U-!
nion to which [belong, said Mr; M. and particularly of
the state of which I am a Representative. I feel myself
under the highest obligation to assert, feebly as it may he,
the rights and privileges iof those whom the institutions
of other states, as well as my own, declare to be their ci-
tizens. Such as they recognize as deserving their pro-
tecting cat-re, I hope 1 shall be ever ready and willing to
defend.
It has been declared by some, on the, floor of this
House, that Missouri was an independent state when she
declared it expedient to form a constitution and govern-
ment. By others it is maintained that she was a state
when her convention adopted the constitution which has
been presented to us for acceptance. The authority for
this is found, it is said, in the first xA tion of the law ofthe
last session of (Congress. '
The first section declares, that-the.inhabtants of that
portion of Missouri territory, intended to be formed into
a state, are authorized to form for themselves a constitu.
tion and state government; and said state, when formed,
shall be admitted into the Union. Let us enquire what
authority is here conveyed to the people of Missouri, and
whether it h-as ee-, o.-t-,,d. By tlhi, section the inhabi-
tants of the terrnory m.y tiorm a constitution; but they
have nn power1.o rasisler this authority toothers. Nor
by th.- st,-i'.n ap-ely coliditions or restrictions requir-
ed. Did ite constitution of Missour, contain no, restric-
tion on the sovereign posers iofa state ? Haditsframers
r:. -,.sd to s,'-lire to the Uiior, its rights to the public
I 4,l.i t Wl u.ld lhey hLivc kound a justification in tihe
s. action alludedl to Sr, dJ,, 'ti there find that Congriesi
demanded of'the territory of Missouri to provide, in her
constitution, that the Mississippi and the navigable waters'
leading into the same, should be common highways, and
forever free to the citizens of the United States? And
did not her constitution contain such conditions, would
this House hesitate a single moment to reject it ? I am
sure it would not find a single advocate for acceptance.
But if Missouri could rely on the first section of that law,
all that a siovere;ig ,t-,e could claim under the constitu-
tion of the United States, she would have demanded.
Congress must have been silent-
Hence, sir, the necessity of recurring to the whole of
the law of the last session, and ascertain what are its dif.
ferent provisions.' The first section might be consider.
ed as a general poWer, modified by the subsequent re-
quirements of the same law. The whole must be consi-
dered as operating together.
The third section declares the qualifications of the in-
habitants, who may choose representatives to the conven.
tion of Missouri. fiu5.e only, whom the law designated
were all-:.-u.- Ihc"'iLu1h of suffrage. All of the inhabi-
tants w-r re nut t Jlo.-s d thai privilege. The general rig-lit
was restricted.
The fourth section prescrities the power of the Con-
vention. tie coi; rmntln i : --id determine the question,
w whether it was expedient to form a constitution. If it
decided that it-was expedient, the act declared that "ithe
convention shall be, and hereby is, authorized to form a
constitution and state government---protided that the
same, whenever formed, shall ble republican, and not re-
pugnntt to the constitution of the United States."
The Convention of Missouri, elected pursuant to the
third article of the act referred to, proceeded, under the
fourth, and adopted the constitution now out your table.
Can it be pretended, with a shadow of plausibility, that
the convention may accept of what conditions they please
and reject such as they dislike ? Shall the people of Mis-
souri take all the privileges and advantages to themselves,
and trample under foot whatever may be of value to the
nation ?
Thus, sir, I have endeavored to present the authority
given to the people of Missouri to form a constitution.
This is clearls a,] expressly defined.' It is utinder the
unqualified (c..niihk t lat whatever constitution tlhey did
form, it should be republican, and not repugnant to theI
constitution of the United States. The declaration of
Congress was explicit and decided to the people of Mis-
souri, that if they those to form such a constitution, they
had the power ; if they refitused to comply, Congress
must be absolved from every offer which had been made.
If they have failed 4to fultii those requirements which
were demanded by the sovereign power of this Union,
their acts can have no binding obligation. Their consti-
tution is like that of any other people, formed without,
knowledge or consent of Congress, and entitled tQ no
more indulgence.
It has been maintained on the floor of this House, that
Missouri, at the time her convention declared it expedi-
ent to form a government, became an independent state.
It seems to me, sir, thtL a moment's reflection willcarry
conviction to the mind, that this unconditionally incor-
rect. I ask, what would have been the condition of Mis-
souri, if the convention, after having decided that it was
expedient to tornm constitution, should have dissolved
without forming onet ? Would it still remain a state ? It
may, without hesitalicn, be asserted, that she would not
possess angle feature of a state which belongs to the
Union.
Having thus aeen the rights and powers. conferred by
Congress on Missouiri; having seen that her privilege
depended on the condition, among others, that her coni.
stitution should not be repugnant to that of the United
States ; we have nOew to ascertain whether her conven-
tion has violated that condition.
Is the constitution of Mssouri repugnant to the con-
stitution of the -Utited States
By the 26th section of the constitution now offered
for our acceptance, it is declared that "it shall be the duty
of the general asseifibly of Missouri, as so0u as atmay be, to
pass such laws, as may be necessary to prevent free ne-
groes and mulattoe. from coming to, and settling in, this
state, under any pretext whatsOever." Language, clear,
precise, and energetic. It almost seems that it was fear-
ed the assembly might be dsposed to relax the severity
of that inexorabte'dause. 'lit to prievenit the possibility
of disobediince, wi' find, not the commondli declaration of
duty.to the assetnbly, butt a rigid admonition, not to dis-
obey nider any "aiiy pretext Whiatsoever."
The constitution of the United States declares that
the citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privi-
leg-es and immunities of citizens in the several states."
AAre niroes anc mulattoes the citizens of any state?
If so, it is clear, that the Ltnguage \tltich has been re-
pealed from the c(",n-i:i.i.-... i .... *:-. .- ..- g-trig g ard-
oflendiling violation of ithe constitution of the United
States
An honorable ,member from Virginia, (Mr. Archer,)
lhas very gallantly avowed himself the champion of state
rights. I consider, with him, that it should constitute a
crime of the drikest hue to abandon them; but, at the
same time, it is a dItty of the highest oi ler to preserve
from violation those which belong to the union. Those
rights which have not been surrendered by the several
states to the general government still remain in their
.power. Among these, the right of a state to declare who
ot its vown inhabitants .may be its citizens still remains
unimpaired. It was never given up; it has been perpe-
tually exercised by every state, as one of its most valua-
ble prerogatives-.
We have been asked, if other states are allowed to de-
clare who may be their citizens, shall not Missouri be in-
dulged in the samet; power ? She would be entitled to
equal privileges, but nto more. The people of that terri-
tory may make citizens of whom they please, among
themselves. For one, I have little disposition to inter-
tere. But, when they attempt to disfranchlisc those, wiho
have been made the citizens of other states, it is a mat-
ter of very dihtereit import. This privilege, instead of
reducing Missouri to a stale of tpiihlaige," would ele-.


vate her to the raktk of nistress .ofthe Union. The other
slates must thel.bowvin submission to her superior pow.
er. Sir, no state in. ithe Union would ptr-sutmL to deprive
the citizens o tMissoiuri of their rights, ntr will they wih i
composure allow her a prerogative which- they ti.savow
fbr thein'selve%. I.
A citizen has been defined by a member from rir'rinia,
(Mr. ttBarbour,) to be a per'soi who ciju;s a!l thie ci'il
rights aid privtg'-es which others possess under the siamet
circumstances, b'aonsing to the saun cl nu'.;o:.' Iun-.


less such rights Lve hi.cn' forfeited by such person, by civii n i political, oithe negreanrn multto, nd would
sonic cane existing 11 hirnsifl." Whether thi le .iiiiio chas lise tile leRas attempt to ofitlr violation.
is correct or not, it will, I al/i confident, lead to a cliii I- Here, sir, I might rest in the fullest confidence, that
s,on directly the reverse t6 that, which has been drawn the position which has been as,.umed was uilly support-
h, ......,v bl-le gentleman who gave it. It admits, that ed. But the assertion has bt,en so often and so empha-
... i, .ld. rehn circumstances under which the pen.o- tically made, that those people who are dreaded by the
pie of the Union are found. It would be morally and conveni-oin of Missouri are not the citizens of any state,
politically impossible that all persons in a state could be a reference musL be m;,de to the constitutions of New.
found under the same circumstances. These will be Hampshire, Mssaehsets, and New York. Not one
natural orcreated by the civil and political institutions of withholds its pohiical and civiO rights, but confers them
society. Yet, it seems to be agreed, that when we find- with indiscrinminate liberality, without distinction oft'o-
a person, who enjoys all the rights and privileges which lour. The light or shade of a couaenante, which indi-
others enjoy, under simn.,r circumstances, he isa citizen. ,: .u; : alliance with the great fam iy of man,confers no
In many, perhaps i., .il. oi the states a distinction is' !: lu i e privileges on the possessors, nor do they blot
made, for nian pu.:u D-, r. se'en freeholders and those .tfem a political charter the immunities of citizens. In
who are nc..- i,e i, s) .-e ic a juror, the other is ex-;: those states you may see that class. who are proscribed
eluded from that privilege, or right. The freeholder in by the constitution of Missouri, in the fall enjoyment of
Vermont may have a certain kind of process without' those privileges, which are the distinguishing preroga-
surety; the person who is not a freeholder is deprived of tives of freemen.
i this privilege No one, however, would presume to de-; Sir, I will call the attention of gentieaien to some of
claret that a person who was not a freeholder could not. the many attempts that have been made to remove the
be a citizen. -Here the rule which has been mentioned objections which may exist aga! st the offered consti-
would apply correctly. The person who was not a free- tution, It is said that ihe objectionable clause
holder, but who possessed all the civil rights and privile.- may be construed so as to operate on none who
ges which others enjoyed, under the same circumstan-! are the citizens of a state, it is also contended that
ces, would still be a citizen : So, minority or advanced' we should presume the people of Missouri would carry
age would constitute other classes, and having equal it into execution in a manner compatible withthe consti-
rights with their several classes are equally citizens. If. tuition of the United States. Sitr, there can be nothing
property or age are employed by the supreme power of! left to sticha presumption. Itf the object was not to
a state to confer different rights on the white population, I exclude citizens as well as others, why did the conven-
and yet the character of citizenship remains unchanged,' tion not condescend to make some excep ion ? Not only
why may not colour be employed to distinguish another' did they use the language of imperative authority, but
class ? Colour may be a circumstance which will desig-, forbid a deviation for any pr. text whatsoever." I do
nate a portion of population and may be used constitu.- not pretend to say that the framers of that constitution
tionally, as, age or property. If it is so, it is a clear con-. suplrosed they adopted provisions incompatible with the
clusion which will follow from the position assumed, that' supreme law of the land. Such a conclusion would be a
every colored person who is entitled to all the rights etarge of deliberate violation. When they find them-
and privileges which others enjoy, under the same cir- selves supported on the floor of this house by gentlemen
cumstances, must be a citizen, distinguished for talents aiil a knowledge ofour political
A reference has been made to the laws of Massachu- institations,can we suppose liey will readily change their
setts- %hicrh prohibit a blac.-k man from marrying a white opinion? It will tend to confirmation, and, we may pre-
woman. It 1i said tih0 by the operation of this law he time the slave-hol.-lg polc. s ill .d.r,.,. its execution
is depried ofl' civil right, whila-. reuders- him unequal with the most eneig. ac dl follrniiiiti..-'.
to erier, and deprives him ofcitizensehip. Had not this It has been maintained ,, .tuIL a- ti.at this clause is
doctrine been advanced by those, whose talents corn-. not a violation of the cons-itution of the Ui d States;
mand respect, it would never require refutation. It that the constitution of Missouri does not contain a prohi^
may be proper to pursue this principle to its necessary bition in itlielf, but requires the Assembly to pass such
conclusion It will not be denied that the timale part laws as will accomplish the object desired. We arecall-
of iociet are citcier. of the several t itei to which they ed upon 'o wait, and if such lIws h. uld bt pr- ied, theri
belong. I tiy have civil rights and privileges, and as binding power may, be tried. hlie lurce (it'his distnc-
citizens can demand the protection and support of go. tionhas escapedmy discernment.. Can it be said, with
vernment. But the black man cannot marry a woman of propriety, that an act performed is illegal, and the attho-
a different color, therefore he is not a citizen, because rity by which it is done unimpeachable ? Is it correct
he is deprived of a right which a white man possesses, for a constitution to direct an Assembly,. dependent on
The white woman cannot marry a man of a different co. its power, to pass a law which, from the first moment of
lour-by the same rule, which the gentleman from Vir- its existence, would be repugnant to the constitution of
ginis, (Mr. Barbour,) has laid down, she cannot be a citi- the United States? You might as well command your
zen, because she is deprived of a right which a colour- servant to assassinate your neighbor, and have the ille-
ed woman enjoys. The operation of the law must be re- gality of your command depend upon its execution.
ciprocal, and if one class has lost its rights as citizens, the But, allowing the constitution of Missouri is not a vio-
other has also. nation of that of the United States ; that the direction to
It is also said that the negro and mulatto are not en. the assembly to perform what is declared to be their du-
rolled in the militia, and compelled to perform military ty, is no offence, it would not diminish the objection.
service. In some states, perhaps in all, they may be ex- When government have the power, it is bound to pre-
empt. So are those who are over and under the age vent an outrage on its dignity, as it is to punish one after
prescribed by the laws. Is the youth of sixteen and the it is committed. You may as well pull down the edifice
man of fifty deprived of the character of citizens because yourself as to give the power to others.
others are called upon to perform more arduous duties Sir, we. have been told that the. Several states, among
than themselves ? If this is correct, all who have been other legitimate power r% m,hv rise such as ire deem.
excused from these duties are most shamefully deg ad. ed i-ece 0iry fur tlhi;roi-ri Jtfi.e: and safety, tlht they
ed. The white and black man must share one common m.u exclude from their jurisdiction those itjects ,h ich
fate. I a, .e in tlenmselvet od;ois .anrl pernicious It is said, upon
Thus, sir, I have endeavored to prove that the position this principle, states have the power, and often exercise
which has been assumed will lead to the inevitable con- it, in the establishment of those quarantine regulations
clusion, that negroes and mulattoes, who, in any state, by which the citizens of other states are excluded, to
can demand the exercise of civil rights and privileges in prevent plague and pestilence.
common with that class to which they belong, are enti- If these principles be established, and are applicable
tied to the character of citizens, to the question now to be decided by the house, consi-
I concur with others who have addressed the house der, sir, the, consequences which must inevitably follow.
before me, that the term citizen cannot be defined by a Every object which the people of a state may consider
single expression. The rights of citizens are different in odious and pernicious may be excluded by their own
different states, and are dependent on the several con. authority. If they are uncontrolled by any rule but their
stitutions and laws which have been adopted. In the own views of propriety or interest, the exercise of that
same state, different persons may be confined to differ. authority may be unbounded as the objects of their dis-
ent rights and yet all be citizens, pleasure may be numerous. It will follow, that the sov.
I will venture to assume a position, which I am confi- ereign power of Missouri may exclude free negroes and
dent none will deny. Not that it will embrace all who mulattoes, because they are considered odious and per-
are entitled to the rights of citizens, but will be sufficient. nicious. They may be considered dangerous as plague
ly comprehensive for the present discussion. and pestilence," and placed under eternal "quarantine."
A person must be considered a citizen, who,by the fun- If Missouri can exercise this power against that class of
damental laws ofa state, is invested with political rights. citizens, she can extend it to every other. In the esti-
These are the rights which communicate life and give nation of her people, the white citizens of the non-slave
activity to a government it-Ilf. l all tl.t states the bru iingisttivs ma. be both 7T.crir-u,...; and odious, ..d a
Union;thiese rights are conterret on impose only who -Qr.,-itoTy nrandate be istcdJ to c .clude them from her
have bound themselves to the common interest and be. 3i0.
come pledged to promote the general welfare; who Fatal, indeed, must this doctrine be to the rights of ci.
have been incorporated into the great family of the peo- tizens. Establish the principle that every state may ex-
ple, and have made.one common cause in the pursuit of elude the object which it happens to dislike, and the
the great objects of human government. constitution is annihilated. We have no security for
It would be absurd, sir, to say, that yau will allow the those rightss which alone can sustain a national character.
enjoyment of the highest political prerogatives to a per- We must. be confined to that territory which we may call
son while he is yet an alien and a stranger ; that you our state, and, if we venture abroad into another, we
will permit a man to exercise those powers on which must be looked upon as strangers and aliens.
your government must depend, and still not be a citizen. Another observation fell from an honorable member
What state in the Union permits, for instance, the right in debate, which deserves an answer. It was said, those
of suffrage, but to such as are its citizens ? What con- whom the constitution of Missouri will exclude, never
stitution declaresa person eligible to its highest honors, have enjoyed any cdvil or political rights, except Ahat
who is deprived of the character of a citizen? ltwould the legislatures of the states in which they reside may
be fatal to the existence of any government to admit the have gratuitously g.ven. This, sir, is a very serious mis-
people of other countries to control its operations, until take. The people to whom we allude v ere aronng the
they had been bound by some strong, indissoluble tie to earliest inhakbitanis of several states. In Vermont they
the general welfare. were received and acknowledged as citizens when the
In the position which I have assumed. I am well sup- constitution was formed, under which die i. i,,i; arid pri-
ported by the assertion ofthe honorable gentleman from vileges of every citizen are protected. Tli,' legislature
Virginia (Mr. Smyth.) I understood him distinctly to could as easily demntolish the constitution itself as take
maintain "that a Oaiti2en might be defined to be one vth,- 'rom a colored citizen a single right which it has declar-
is entitled to political rights." L tov be sacred. The declaration, that all men are
Permit me now, sir, to examine whether any negro or born equally free ;" that no person brought from over
mulatto has political rights in any state ; whether there sea" should be held to servitude, may be called a gratu-
is a constitution which decrees to such persons all the ity, if gentlemen please ; but, sir, the people of Ver-
privileges of citizens. I should never have troubled the mount consider it a gratuity fi'om Heaven. The colored
House with many observations on this point, had it n,-t man was distinctly in the view of the framers of that con-
been so often asserted, in the most decisive language, stitution. Whether born in the United States, or "brought
that negroes or mulattoes, in every state in the Union, from over sea," he was an equal object of regard and
were deprived of all the essential rights of citizens. I protection. Such is the condition, in Vermont, of those
should have supposed the most superficial examination whom Missouri forbids to setatbfoot upon her soil.
of the consitutions.of several states would have proved, Again, we are told but few of this description of citi.
that such ideas were utterly destitute of foundation. But zens would ever migrate to Vissouri. The same might
they have been advanced on the floor of this house, with be said of the whole people of a state. Should a state
such confidence, that I hope I shall be indulged in at. of the Union become obnoxious and odi. -us to the people
tempting to correct the error, of a territory, they might, under the precedent that may
Sir, 1 wouldcall the attention of the Ilouse to the con-. be established, exclude its cit zens in general "from
stitution of Vermont. There, gentlemen will find an un1- comig to, or settling in," thesame, under any pretext
equivocal declaration "that all men u are born equally whatsoever" If, then, we are presented with an as-
ft-ee and independent ; that no male person, born t this stimption of unconstitutional power, it ought to bh arrest-
coundtry, or brought from o er Sa, oi-h to he tiolden ted on its first appearlant Indulgence would give it
by law, to atrsre au y person as a5 sevasait, slave, or hdn confidence, and suffering it to pass for a while tnreg-ard-
Sprentice, after he arrives ;.t the age oif twenty-one years, etd would render it u tncoique.-able.
nior ft ]le, i. like noiiiie, after sIe arrives at the ag.- it teems to rne, therefore, that I an t jt stifled in draw-
of eighteen ears." It des not dicidiare that all men cx- bin the conclusion that negres and mulattoes are citl-
d cept negr)es atind mulattoes a born equally fteev a-d zens of several states in this Union; that they are enti-
depe ient; i des ot declare, M. Speaker, thitt no tled to the privileges and immunities of citizens in every
re.,".i i r .s., i-t ni... a, ...;.'n. ,ji not be hold' state ; that thte atte.-rt of Missouri .to repel them from
- n ti w I ;,.... o ,.. .I..t i.i.[ it coiniTrehle.,. c< l ,, repe.iti t to the cons-itution ofthe United
sicr as thie, rce ofman. Antl, 1 ,elive thai those uiifo: States, and that she ought not to be received as a mnem-
teuate being's, even where hey apn edtb in a stae of the her dfetlis confederacy.
deepest ..de f t cdateion, are still csiden,,o' d as beltningi T,, [naesTr TO ha contrtstM,.]
the ihumat fi uielw. N o ,y.
Sir, les lisL mar be called tan unmearning manifesto Diotrbct of Ctoluebian c
of the rightesof tah, caiculted tor a splendidd show *A wao hshinton county, io -it.
republicanism, but inti-nded to cueitier no si thertial bc"- ,1 e a s r to th i t
nefits, I wihlsgaiu reaedr to that instuen t ,t. le oN the petition oh T HOtAs i an fit, an insh cie:v debt-
claratin of .he political rights and piivieseg of the in- "' o corsfiled in the prison of Vastiinpton coutn-
habitants ofthis state is hereby deci i to e a art f ty to" debt: Notice is hereby given to te creditors of
the siaeluon ofte this conionweablh, and ought not to tlte said Thomas Lsrnerthat, on the first Monday of Feb-
be violated i an pepencel whatsoev er." Ngroresand rinary neit, at 11 o'clock, a. m. at the court room, the
u lattoes, i', lhel-e find irotc tlio> udther this firtn hi. osdi prescribed by the act of C ingress, entitled "An act
mane and lier :a provisions ; tu watichl thie people of Ver- tor the relief of ansoivant detors within the District of
moltS look tth; the proudest sauisfictioe, as their com- Colimbia," will be .tdniiitistered to the said insolvent,
thonn t:;i,'egu-listh, anda trustee appointed tor the benefit uf his creditors,
.r...'..h ;ti i is. d Tc-ared that ev-ey man of the full -les sufficient cause to the contrary be then aid there
agoc of twen>-oie yeais, haviiig reside iim tcis state for 'hewfti.
the space ofinc year next before the election of repro- Provided a copy of this notice be inserted in the Na-
aentaitves, alt is ofa peaceablh or quiet behaviour, arid tiolial [ltclhigences- three times previous to the said day.
will take tlhfivihlohwini, oath, (the oath of allegiance to *nd it is firther ordered, that the pethion.Lr bt. snd ap-
the stale) shil :be eiititled to all the privileges of a P r at the time and piace, for the purpose aforesaid.
fi-einai "f li s.a'e." This does not siay, every man By order of the Hon. thuckier Thruston, assistant
eCepta iegres and iul'titocts. It embraces all of ev'erv Judge of 'tin Circuit Coturt of the United States for the


coliur, whelinr horn in this couItiry or brought from D)i'trict ou Columbia.
ov-i-h;'anlipermit n- tosiy th it ferighllsoff-eenii jan 12-3t WM. BRENT,.Clerk.
coi'i:r the li hihist ditinctioni that ;:i be iven to an in-. "F R N ,
hab-tut io'hf stitc; ter imply d p'rilection of ll ,COMMODIOUS or
the c a .*.... rivi ds a COMMODIOUS twdstoy f-reell eaulated fr .
hbe enjoyed :a- uI in tii e siitc:.;trC" hia -iliot m-v., n \i b-a-ding ho se an d stuo-re. It is esa: St. Patrick's
cthe ;iecuri td il the ctntin i-it the mos t 'e ch, north F stri et. Tre is a complete spring-
t:;uei:.C i: M ; tor te,,- .lrotie o tfli i ailm ,. ..- in the yard, with a good cellar, S rooms, and '.
iii ; rloi < l e r !.-! n, w it erl ay I 1 t -i garret.
c,r :uan.ce. clor ,- .iu < l .4 co5 : M'ay i Al':o, s small brick house on the same lot. For tertrm
.w .; i 1 ..... r ..... .t-, i,.i r ,.,t ,;l apply to the subscriber next door to the premises.
"" ''dect.5-w.t THADY HOGAT