National intelligencer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00025
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: January 11, 1820
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00025
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text

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Vol. XXI. WA3HINGTON : Ti BAT, 3ANUAx it, 18 129o. 'F.5.

PUBLISHED BY GAAMS & SEATON. Byareferenceto theaccoanpanying slat ne is To remove some of the principal obstructions it is believed, be ol very great importance. The partmelti, and excluding Cadets, the. follpwin,
,ns TIM.ES A WEK OUaRINo rTU. sEss1ONs or cowalsEs it will be seen that the expenses of the es ;.lish- to the navigation of.the Missouri river, such as position, as has been stated, has, been reconnoit- aggregates :
AND TWICE A WFe is "THE RECzSS. ments, both on the'Missouri and the Mississippi, planters, sawyers, and rafts; this work may be ed, and it is found that the communication be-1 Total of Commissioned officers, 627
rice, foa year,--, i. dollars Payableinadvance. !will diminish every year. Those statements are accomplished by the troops on the Missouri, in- tween the two lakes can be commanded from ourt Non-comimiored officers and privates. 7,557
Forsiex months, u trdollar predicated uptn arrangements already made for the course of three winters. side, as the channel passes close under he wet-.ian ates 7,55
ihose uhscrithg fbio a year, w ho o not, either at the time oa!
Those subscribing or a year, who o no, either at the te the supply of a part of the provisions, all the for- To open a road from ChAriton, in the Missouri ern shore. The post may be established and I
ordering thepaper, or subsequently, give notiee of their wish; -a Grand... -8"184'
order thepaper, or sbsently, give tice othe ish age, fuel,and quarters, and, after the next year, Territory, to the Council Bluffs, and thence to maintained at a very little additional expense. Grand Tot.. 8,1s4
e"ave te paper disontinued attheexpiraton oftheiryeal the greater part of the transportation, by the the Mandan villages. When these posts ai e all established and occu- The distribution of these forces, as minutely
ill be presumed as desiring its tinuanee until counter- troops, and at but irJ,o expense to the public. To open a road from the Council Bluffs to the pied, it is believed, with judicious conduct on the rclplried by the Adjutant and Inspector General
anted, end it will be cotinuned accordingly, at the option No. 1. shows the movements made, and .the post at the mouth of St. Peter's, on the Missis- part of our officers, that .our northwestern fron- we have not room, nor does it se.n nimortat, to
the etors, works established, by the troops, on both rivers. sippi. tier will be rendered muchli more secure than publish The stren th o t fe North er D
No. 2. is a statement of the expense incurred To improve the navigation on the Ouisconsin heretolbre, and that the most valuable fur tt;ade publish. The strength of the Northern Division
_...,_f.^ by the azvemnent on thf,1iissouri), and an estimate and Fox rivers, and connect them by a canal, 'or in the world wiil be thrown into our hands. is stated at 4,083; of the So.uthern at 3,936-by
of the probable expense for the ensuing three good road, in order to facilitate the communica- Frade and presents, accoiuipanied by talks cal- Pos.ts.J ,
years.. You will perceive that the two regiments tion between fort' Howard :at Green Bay, and culated for the purpose, are among the most --,--
z Modtr J ,tu.,y 0 .^ have tost sixtv-four thousand two hundred and Prairie du Chien, on the Mississippi; those rivers powerful means to control the action of savages; Witliam S. rcher .has been elected to the
twenty-six dollars more than they would have are naviable for batteau, h one of and, so long as they ar wilde b aforeig hand, Hous of Representatives of the United States,
cost had they remained at their original stations, each other. our.. ..; ever be (-....-.J i the c ala ry o eute Sates
Yellow ,Stow. E'pedit~ion.-It is scarcely ne- With that additional expense one of the regiments IL of Indian warfare. Iy the treaty of 1794, Great o V r 1a .ry .a majority ol about 120 v- tes
,.r tninvite thv attenim on f the re l. *" ,, :- ;'~ n 1J I -:'i lr iv n *le,.-a ,. t-- L 'i .-- -L' -':--. ".- = --- tlo!" ei .L ol, ,,'- l- oi'"t rad: Vn.. ..1 ..... ver.,ft dJo es -.,h.r{nli, ;' 'upply the ix .c, oc-,
.. tlciaiExposition of the objects alid cxpe .-'i -rac -'*. a .e .,c. cn crect T.i5 a tlui- sult n.i n, ,'l ,.,f h,,1: 2 i. iar '..*,a j.;V., ,- with the lr.iaifs-i, .ii., on our i.. ni ; l,,hh .*. -o ire.- ,, ci u.,ro ,1a *. 4 '0i,- io tihe
i- ad "an important work has been sciu. Ilh,, '- DEPAlrtTM rT or V AnU gave her nearly a rnionopoly (. ilte- ti a L ;ill Senateof the United States.
ces ef this Expedition giyen in a succeeding co- which will.enable us to hold in check fie power 291h December, 1819 various tri;,cs of the lakes, the Alii,--i,,i, and
lunn. After what has been said and surmised ful ,. d ,i.. ,. .i,,.. .:s of Indialns. SIR :In reply to your letter of recent date, Missouri, and a decided control over all their En.TA.-The -ranspositio, oi' a line in art four
on this subject, there are few of our readers who No. 3 is a statement of the expense incurred in requesting to be informed of the expenditures 'measures. The effects ofl this :.:-nian' over Saturday's impression, made a passage in the Congre.
will not, with us, be much s'rprized to learn, making the establishment on the Mississippi, which have been,.and which are l. I,.. i- them must be remembered a I i:nI, o unitelligible. A lie stingtha
that no extra expence will have been incurred by with an estiniate of the amount required for the cured in fitting out and prosecuting, the expedi- long as the history of the late war shall be .-.., irero utd nia d a t s, a y M. errr. of the
se extensive & important movements of toos; nt ree yeas. The troops on that river have tion ordered to the mouth of the Yellow Stone, ed. T'he io~st distressing ot.currenices, and the ,. s,.,:k out the first sectijono a bill.-'at c atio
cue exe tensive. cost Ic.- i',~c t ,v. would have cost at their for- on" h!. I-.J.i ,i er, and of the objects in- greatest disasters of that period, may be distinct- -ite.i .I ,,, uad oughtto laaIe followed, Mr. iles e
.and that it is even calculated that the Army wil .er stations, in consequence of their having pro- tended to be accomplished by the expedition, 1 ly traced to it. -This right of ilterGcigrse an i solution. .
prove to be less expensive, thus employed, tha vided boats, fuel,.quarters, &c. without expence have the honor to make the following statement: trade with the Indians, which has proved to in the 25th line from tha bottom of the first column of
if it had remained inactive in garrison. Among to the government. The greater .part of the The enclosed report and estimates from the us so pernicious, terminaited il the-war, and was eld" teron ue,, i, e ,i Convention, th? word,, ,prov.
the important documents before Congres at their transportation on the Mississippi will be done, in Quarter Master-General, marked Nos. 1, 2, 3, not reserved by the treaty at Ghent; and, in the d" s e ai!prova. ,
present session, thisis one of the most valuable, future, by the'troops, by which a considerable. 4, with .a statement of the duty performed, year J816, Congress passed a-law, which autho- .
__ .sum will be saved. and that -which is contemplated, exhibit the ex- raised tile President to prohibit foreigners from On Wedpesdav morning last,in tile 4th year of iris
Mr. BAE1R-, the British Consul-General,- who No. 4 is astateient of the works on whichit is pense of the expedition up the Missouri, for the trading with the Ldians residing within our 1.im- age, JAcon Rusa, Presideit o" t>he cot ot Con iuon
has been for some time in Europe, on leave of proposed that the troops be employed. It is be- last, and the next succeeding three years, with a its, and instructions have been given, under the Pleas, ofthe city and county of PI .;,. 1. ,i.i,
lived that th se wortis may be accomplished in similar statementin relation to that on the Mis- act, to prevent such trade; but it is obivous that At Norfolk, on the 2t. ins after a lon indisposition
absence, returned on Friday to his residence in less than three years ; they will be important in sissppi. Though the last is not referred to in dhe act and instructions to Indian agents can have ptai, n JsoaPALMiE, raL old inhabitlt ons that b orug
his city. any plan olfdefence, particularly the roads, and the your letter, yet, as the two movements constitute but little efficacy to remedy the. evil. 'A without of pakets between that port and Alexandria.
--.-- avenue formed by the Fox and Ouisconsin riv a partof the sane system ofmeasures, I betiev- a militaryforce, properly distributed, the trade exan-na.
The Baeckwoodsman.-W.c have often been ers, which will be necessary to afford a cornmuni- ed that it would not be unacceptab;e to the com- would still be continued, and, even if it were prO- L INE.
surprised at the vehemence witij which .the na- cation between the several f-ontier posts, and be- mittce to receive a statement of the whole of vented,that which is more perriiciodus would still p OLD WINE.
eive Poem, by this title, has been de tried by writ tween those poots and our settlements. the expenses inctirred, or likely to be incurred, rnemain-Indiuan ta'ks at the British posts, accom- ,.1 vintaen 189res Go'in bfsth wr e a of by
ers in some of our prints, and at the industry I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient ser- in its execution. panied with a profuse distribution of presents. a 10.-'9t it. & '; .,
with which every line of it has been searched to vant, Til S. J.iUP, Th)e expedition ordered to, the month of the This intercourse i the g-real source of danger
discover blemishes, no matter, if iound, how ex- quarter JMaster Gene'oL. Yellow Stone, or rather to the Mandan village, to our peace; and, until it is stopped, our fron- RIDaGELY & liai,,.i.t
usable or unimportant. It is sonime satisfaction The Ioti. J. C adn,, (fur the military occupation of the fornier, dt- tier cannot be safe. It is estimated' that ,1 f'i d for sae on accimoiLang terms, a very e.
to us, and cannot be tm:,.. ,.., to the author Secreiary, f a:Ur. pending on circumstances, is not yet finally de- upwards of three thousand Indians, from our side wl'hi.-ale, among whiIhv areL
of that work, to find, that, in the foreign world, termined on.) is a partof a system of measures, of the lakes, visited Malden and Dr3unmond's o55hhds S
where personal or political prejudices have not; which has, for its objects, the protection of our Island, the last year; and that, at the latter place 3o bbis fst quality St.Croix ,,,-
Srespect to this Poem, bled the .gment northwestern frotie, ad t!, cr ext in alone resents were distributed to them to the a- 25 blhds second an third
and warped the mind, the work has experienced four fur trade. It is on tht fr' ntier only that mount of ninety-five thousand dollars.' It is deir- 4.0 bbs refineLcoL< anduti ty do,
a very different reception. We present to our g we have much to fear froft In ion hostilities, lethal thishs illtercourse should termiinate by the 15 hhds reling lo s
readers two extracts from the late Britisli Re- The tribes to the southwest re either so incon- ct of the British government ; ,d it is believed 10 000 lbs Havana, Green, old Jva and .
v-ewers, from.whose hauds,, iu i uromi obsc>- d t.leiraible,5io, or so surrounded by white populaoon, that it has been continued by its agents in Cana- i en an St. oningo
aions of the past, no thvor .could have been cx- 1 and, wht is of not hss importance, so cut of da, rather in consequence of the practice before pipes superiors Conac randy
-.[ct,-i for an American poet.. with int.:rcorse from all i ,., nations,- that the late war, under the treaty of 1794, than by the 1 dop Antigua do
TS tr e are reasonable ground. t believe, that we direct sanction and authority of that government. 35hhds Philade!pa S hke
Te most rcelt, as well as the best, specimen of A- _- ,ha!l, in futur, h an* .' exempt froni Hts attention has, however been called to it, 20 Sumatrara pepper
ccThe- most rrcelnt, ats w('11i s tie beavt, spidilhien iFA-- ___ _pepp er'^ oIJ0oh *
a htichn oetry is.- ...... .....s a y r t -,. .the pror.denainent a... -it i .-' "o
"ii-"sh Review. the contht.ion of those on our florthwcsterloT d o _. .st. t it .. "in '".- t .:-cht-,: nd z -: c .
"This, (the Backwooidsman,) is certainly the most fa- = g n y o c llto-le-i .. a f ,ri, v-. r ........... .. ..., i i
vorable specimen of transatlantic literature, that has Viet o amid many of the ir.-.i ,.-. and powerful not be permit iedt in fo.ti Ie ,' p t 0 il .. -.. -- -- ''- ... .
fallen under our notice. It is a Poem which would be uits t ibes, iwho, by the extensionof our settlements, the comnemplated posts will,in the mean tinie, put 1,00 bh'IsAibO y Oats
tauthor'saei t i ce l b t y n ::re becoming our ner neighbors, are yet vcrv into our hand the power to correct the evil. The do do tra
ill satisre rthe mostsceptical as to the possible, existence rt, it aquainted with or lower. To guard posts on the lakes will enable the government, not 4,010 do ground Alumn alt
of such an anomaly as native poetical genius in an Ame- against ticir hostility, it has been thought pro- only to check effc[tually all trade with foreigners 3,000 do Liverpoov fine do
ican."-Eclectic Review. per to increase our forces o that frontier lron in that quarter, but also to restr'ai the Indians 700 bushels Nova Sco:ia Potatoes
Other Reviews, besides these, have given the. one to bhree regiments ; aid to occupy new, from passing out limits. On that side, the reme 50b12 do Mss Porigs
work their decided approbation. nust,, better calculated to c.t off all intercourse dv wil be complete. On the Mississippi and the 10 do Prime Beef
S"_ .... a b. r S" Sa S- ". 2 tween the Indians residige on our territory, Mitsouri, the posts at the St. Peter's and Mandan 20 do Cider
EXPEDITION TO Tie ELLOW STONE. g -- ; and foreign traders or pasts: and to garrisoQ, them village are well selected l'' the sante purpose. 20 ehauf barrels tuck Wheat Flour
EXPEDITION TOTuE YELLOW STONE, with a force sufficient strong to overawe the F.rom the Lake of the Woods, westwardly, the 2 .hampers Porter battles
Reportof the Committee on Military Afliirs, in rela-. r, i.. i, tribes. Width tis view, measures 49th parallel of latitude is the boundary establish- h25 xes Mould Candles
ion to the expenditures which have been, and are like- have been takken to establish strong posts at the ed by the late convention n utween the United 50,000 Spanish Sear, in whole, half an quter boxes
Sto be incurred, in fitting out and prosecuting sthe ex- : ouncii Bluff and the Maidan village, on the States and the British possessions. The Hudson 300 Reams large and smtll W-pp ng Paper
edition to the Yellow Stonie river, and other objects ex r Missouri; at the mouth oft ie St. Peter's, on the Bay and the North West companies have several Russia and Raav-ns Duck, Russia Sheetings, all which
eonected with the St oll expedition; together with a s a wihsippi; and the fails o St Mary's, between posts and establishments, which are be- have. been well selected fiomn the PhMiladelpitand New-
statementofthe distribution the armyofthe United a iakes Superior and huron. The posts at Green lieved to be much to the south oh this .n d, a iie to be ttntn o ts
states itstotalstrength of garrisons, &c.&c. ay, Chicago, Rock Island and the Prairie t d consequently within our territory. WVhen the jan7 .m
S. = Chicn, wiii still be continued. The posts at the boundary is ascertained and marked, the policy

HOUSE -OF IEPRESENTATI'VES.-JA .3, 1820. mouth of the St. Peter's, ana at the Comuncil Bluff, of the act of the 29th April, 18 16, already refer- Charles Comutq Court.
So have already been occupied ; and that at the red to, nmay, by means of these posts, be effectual- "N applicatNon to Pra.c s ...F-s, i squire, one of the
The Committee on Militaryi Affairs have, ac. e pi it; ,.andan village will probably be, the next sum- ly enforced ; and in that quarter, as well as on a lr Judgesofthe Orphan's Court of Charles County, hby
cording to order, inq aid ared into the expenditure o ,,,cr. he position at the falls of St. Mary's has the side of the lakes, we shall have the power to petition, in writing, of loysiUs Wathen,faharies Coun-
hich have been and are like ly to be inCurre been reconnoitred, and it is intended to make exclude foreigners from trade and intercourse. iventdebtorsssedat Novembe ssio.n, 8oa
n fitting out atnd prosecutg the texpeditioni or- pr ti preparation the next sumtirer to occupy it. The with the Indians residing within our limits The several sUptcpetsthereteon t
dered to the mouth ort he Yellow Stne river, on cc tin of these posts with an adequate force, facility of communication, by the Mississippi and ther-in, s schedule of his property an I. alist ofshiscreei
the Missauri, and, concerning the obe ts intend- i. believed, by establishing over the va- Missouri, with our posts on those rivers, is so tors,on oa'l, so fai as lie can ascertsmin t em, being an.
ed to be accomplished by the expedition. The 2 rious tribes in that quarter the influence of our much greater than ti.l.t between Hudson Bay or lexed to huispetition, and the said Francis ;t ,_., lieing
movexiPt't ofithe trPoopsLtade and intended to 2"it 1 t ya
be made, and the incurred and estimated g government, and preventing or diminishing that Montreal, (particularly without passing through ate at taon iea ipidr lo
be made, and the incurred and estimated ex- f oftiers, have the most btineficial effects. The our territory,) and the British posts north of ours, the time of his application in the state of Marvlan; an
pese, appear by the letter of the Quarter-mas- ositi n at the Council Blufiis a very. importan tat t our ..... ,,.d...v .... t m the Indians of those ri- being also satisfied that the said Alo3sils Watheaism ac-
ter General to the Secretary of War (marked A.) one, and ghe post will consequently be- render- vers, both as to trade ana'powcr, ought, with ju- tual confinement: for debt, and *"}, ... L Uysiu W:ahen
and thestatements numbered l 2,3,and4;the b ed strong and will be occupied by a sulicient dicious nmeastures on our part, to be complete. having entered into bond with rit security r his
Subjects of the expedition arly explained by garrison. It is about half way between St.-Luis I thdeemni it my duty respectfully to suggest to personal apearae n Charles Couit' Court, t ans.,er
the letter ofthe Secretary of W ar to the Chair- and t M ila a thi t poi it on the te committee, as it is intimately connected with It is, therefore, ordered antd de stt A.
man of the Military Committee, (marked a B.) t e i Misot i, which approaches thencaresit to the post the subject of the present inquirv, that the pre- loysiua Wahen be dischliarged from imprison, ent, and
The committee have also obtained a statement e. 0 o- a-- ..g" at the niouthiof the St. Peter's, wit'h wliich, in the sent system of Indian trade is defective; and that, that, by causingan copy of this order tobeinsert-,-diniisoome
"t-,c distribution oftha the a srney of t-he United .0 t o.f. evcnt of !oslitiies, it may co-operate. It is be- besides endangering the peace of ourt country, one of the newspapers edited in the D)is.ric of-Cluiibi.
*'" ... it, pa strength, ant the strength of te sides not lumore than one hutmdred and eighty miles it cannot meet, on equal terms, the well organiz- uonce a week ort ots slcessively, baie le 3d
i n rs g p t 'u 3sitt ^ o !in advance of our settlements en the Missouri, ed trading associations of our northern neigh- to appear hbefobre tie said. Court, at Charlesrissi;>;,in s.id
."- is respectfully submitted. mo g t and is in the centre of the most pnh-t'rlil tribes. bors. I will, however, forbear from presenting county, on the said third Moanda in itech next, for the
.. o tu .. tt o r- l. .=rer eand the most inumecrons Inldia, tpopiL-lmton1 \vxi c:..i any additional observitioiis on this point, as the purposa- of recommending -. trustee i'.r hiir bh.-nfit, aol
t ,e uo ." General -o.h the ;issi.sippi. htis believed to be the bc.it po- report which i had the' honor to make to the i li shewcaims.e ily he sail AIysilS leta'len s ol d ntli t
i a .=.-- *- S 2 z 3 .- a sition on the Missocuri, to cover or" flourishing lHo,'se of Represcntatives on the 5th Dlecember, asprayed.
S G 'iu:;ut's O2i8i, 1" -. "' scttlementii in that quarter, and ought, if it were iy a, contains my views in vlation t, it ,iven un,.r my hand this twentyo..;hth, day of tDer
.-e.iber 2, 1. ,2 5 ".--. ", ws 'lhy uncoimected with other objects, to be es- The ultimate success ot the contemplated member, 18,9.
,r order, -requirin-g a r -al s- a. toihed for that purpose alone. measures must, necessarily, depend very much Test, JOHN BARtNES, Clerk.
urred by the move- S a 'i .. The pi,*;ittin c th. Maitdau village has been on the manner in which they are executed. With jan 1o-law2,n
an estimate t e -. = 5 elected fui' a niilitary post, on account iof the lis impression, great care has been taken to so- GlLLEPJIE'S. pUIZE LIST,
I for the ensuing g e imauy advntaes which it is supposed to.os:iess. ielct olicers every wasy well calculated to effect Of the 10lth Day's Drawing of the
eprt, that seiver- a .. At that point, t'me Misouri approaches nuarcst to ti objects oif g'ovcrnmeit. Strict orders have GRAND) NATIONAL LOTTERY.
tit those move- t 0 -- mthecst.allisnoent of tnciudsonBayComrpanyon also beengiven to use every effort to preserve
md, particularly hp o ,'the Red u-ivc of the Lakes, near the mouth of the peace with the Indians, and impress their faver- 37 986, 29gt 63, 276, 3340
visios, and [Tables No. 2 and 3 exhiempoit saving, y the Assinaboin, and, at the same point, it takes a di- ably with our character; and it affords ne much Ah sold4b98 Gilepi; whohas sold, d within the last
provisions, ana [Tables No. 2 an 3 exhibit sa reaction to the south, which, in the evelt of hostile pleasure to state to the committee, that the col 70.days, prizes amounting ;o $i00,000, which is a eon-
6* estimate, 1 am Expedition to the Mississippi, for 18 19 and the i ies, wou!d rendtlr it more dliflicult, ftr any force ductof coalob. Atkinson (who has received every vincing prooft that Gilespie's is the real Forti",:ite Lot.

of tihe move- three succccding years,, compared with wha: which might be brought .., ,i..b. it from the pos- aidt, in the Indian department, from major O,Fal- tern Omce. Nowis thetime to make a namndsome For-
i, all the sup- thirhtht 's7 t "lia hilhidthetropswhh 'tne-make no diiay in callinotatiIihtsaas
p- their expenccs would have been, had the troops sessions of our northern neighbors, to interrupt its hlou, the agent,), antd colonel Lcavenworth, the mneMlday next, the in0thig st. t 'icr, r' 5a
.' sixty-tI- eremainer ,t their( former stations, 7 ,847 84.;I communiicationsmith the posts below. itis besides former of woil commands thle troops on thle until that time, chances for the following Randd C:pital
Ssixly-t three I well situated to protect our traders. and to pre- Misseturi, and the latter those on the Mississippi, przes can be had at illespies' for 840, shares in iro
Ssho.uld be and an extra xpnce r the Missouri ep vent those of e udson Bay Comnpaiy fron, ex- as well as that of theniroffices and ment, has been portion.
ave accrued tion, estimated for thei same term, of r31.'362- tending their trade. towards the head waters of very it;., t:ry, and has fully justified the confi- 1 prize of 40,000 Dollars.
mer stations, resulting in a saving;, in the course of four years, Missouri,and along the Rocky mountanius, within dence reposed in them. There is every reason to 1 of 10,000 Dollars,
es, batteau..., in the two expeditions, of 42,-185 84 ] our limits, which tract o country is said to abound expecithat, under their judicious conduct, the 2 of 5,000 Dollars.
the p;opert) No 4. mIor in (ui, and of a better quality, than any posts will be established and maintained, without 03 of 1,000 Dollars.
expedition nmmary- of the movements whi;chi will be made by the othe-r portion of this continent. T:e post at. the exciting the hostility or jealousy of the Indians. 10 of 50,) Dollars.
Ot of expense oopss composi' g the iissol, and Mississippi expe- m,,uti o'tie St. Peter's is at the head of aviga- J. C. CALHOUN. Besides a large number of S40 prizes.
nlents ol ditions, inthe e the c he ensuing season and the sissi nd addition to its Honorable A. Sxr,, Tickets in the 3d clais New York Literature Lottery,
,plan of dc- i.Lanlrer in iwh;ich it is proposed to employ tihem. ton pl t N iS n inton Indlias, Chairman of the Committeeon Military Afflirs. tfor sale at t16
i isroposei to ove the rif regiment ci aiding position, in relation to tte in All Iorlers promptly vatteldecd to.
ught th, t is proposed to move t e le regiment rom greatadvantages, .either to protect h return ofte strength of the Army gives, virgia, North C thCarina, an Grga
20lte wor.. Council luIoffs totih leMandan villages, ind [ipossessns great ad'asntagea, ite'otorprotect Virgiasia, Norih Caio.mia, v'ith Car.lnt,, an Ger
iuhe wo me. : t- Cobtl 'cis to the M dan villages, m r trade, or prevent that of foreigners. The [ e omy gives, nk Notes receive i payment for tickets, pr
d, mghi ., -rcct barracks there properly defended, .n' ost c pted at the falls of St. Mary's. .rvill, including Engineer Depa'tment, Ot'Ianco De- an i0-tf
I L na, ,nr},.or,, at-i fal o St'V


NEtw-Youx.-The Legislature of this State
met on Monday week, at Albany. John C. Spen.
cer (a member of the last Congress) was elected
Speak.i' of the House of Repesentatives, and Aa-
ron Clark wa.s elected its Clerk.,
The votes for Speaker were for Mr. Sezencer
64'; for Peter Sharpe (Republican) 50 ; and se-
ven scattering votes. It may be recollected that
we have already stated, that, in the Legislature
of New-York, the Federal party holds the balance
between the two other parties, both calling them-
selves Republican,. but more opposed perhaps
each to the other than to the federal party.-
Mr. Spencer received the federal votes, or at
least enough of them to give him the majority.
If the same principle pervades all the'acts of the
Legislature, their complexion will be decidedly
favorable to the present administration of the state
We have received the Speech of Governor
Clinton to the Legislature, which is of sufficient
importance to claim insertion entire, did room
permit. We must, however, .content ourselves
-ithi an extract of a part of it, and a brief notice
of ho remainder. The Message tius begins,
,itlh the subject which seems first to have pre-
scie'! itselfto the Executive of every one of the
.gtovcim;ents of the Republic z
ic tre tc last session of the Legislature, the distress-
's of the conilmaiity have continued .to increase .;- and,
-n cons-(uence of the general uneasiness excited by
hiis unpropitious state of things, meetings have been
held in various places to solicit your interposhion. Im-
mediately on the termination of the late war, a fatal blow
gas i'iven to the manufacturing interest by the im-
portation of vast quantities "of foreign fabrics, neither
required by our wants or.our comforts. In all sections
of the country, and in all descriptions of society, the
progress of extravagance and luxury has been alarming.
In i'nividuals, expenditure has exceeded income; and
in our coic.'.-tive capacity, as a nation, thie aggregate value
of uir exported productions has been greatly inferior to
the c st of foreign commodities. The demands of for.
e gn markets for the products of agaiculture have been
d'1i.'inishced by a state of general peace ; and the'perni-
.,,.. .. 1 h.'0.......i i .i ,,k ': institutions, and' the im-
rpdiateU' diffusion ct j.p.- currency, have produced
thie nmt serious calamities. In cases of this description,
g' verit.nient imay alleviate, but can never remove the e.
vi,.. The conservative powerover the general good is
at tlt t.. :., vested in the great body of the people : and,
n l.e p;: e.nt crisis, it.coisists most emphatically in the
"'.':cic.i 'ifent ofpur expenses and in the augmentation
of our i, d st.rv. .. ..
T''iC sources I .' nations, as well as
('F )he l;,i"p ,s : .', .1 i;-, t '-t '- formed and die.
.'. 1'da" .tt .'T'be season of suffering cannot, how.
c- er; e I of long duration. A vast capital, now unpro.
ductive i'and unemployed, will soon be applied to animate
the e: ffota of ui.ZfUN industry; and the renovating power
:." en'. ::-'is 'ig spirit ofO ur country must predominate
in, ne ),stacles which have conspired to check itt
-.'. Whatever measures you may adopt will,
: C.ndet, be marked by a sacred regard for private
Sand public utility. And I -.ould suggest to you
"1,ti... .1, ..'ion of our funds might not be usefully em
pl. 3- .1 i 1... for the purpose of alleviating the press
oire on the community.
"Tl'he favorable condition of the treasury, and, the higl
cridic of the state, are equally subject of congratulation
wVith the continuance of our present system of finance
we VWill, 1 am persuaded, be enabled to defray the ex
penise of govelnitenl, to eviN:ci te usual nuiiicencr
of tuet state,r ariL to prosecute our interniAl impirovemnenti
without any resort to new buit'cdns, and with a reduce:
rate of interest."
C l' t'.C ,p- 'i '.'..:' under tl.. c .:.' the encou
i .,.uc t ,t1a ~" L .. I'.., t C V 'ri.tn .r rixt ive
: '. ": '* '. ,. i. lhi a system of in
ten!-limirieovnement, naturally leads him to a viev
of the progress of the magnificent undertaking o
the state of New York, the Grand Canal, of thu
state of which the following acceptable ac
Coulit is give: *
"The completion of the middle section lias already
opened markets" ibr a fertile and extensive region. 'The
cpeu ise of c" ni'e.rg' a barrel of flour by land to Alban)
f'c-i uthe country buut tihe Cayuga lake, was more thalla
twie e -is much elis the expoitation of one from New York
to Liverpool; and the difference between the former
aid, t. ,resent cost of conveyance willinot only remu
Ierate the manufacturer, but afford al: increased com-
pensaticn to the agriculturalst, independently of the rise
or the commodi ty in vane, from itts beiing furnished with
a g:ood market. It is betl:ievd ihat our Atlanstic country
wili cion ibe suppii wit 1 salt fro1nm the west, cieapei
d:en!'totl;!o''-aud, mrd the revenue frou the salt works,
ap'i'opriated to ihe construction of othe canal, already
i.lt- he i1nosfavorable estimates, and shews conclu.
sivlcy the i.iporaice of hlis comtmuniicatioxn to the ac.
cO:iilodation oi 0 -A.'st counlUNy. in the progress of tie

(j'lt i.y of t cinsr :"'i,'ua ie "iii ic-alpd for tle supply cfi' the
-C l u.Itd Stat's.. therictoitre, the principal ingrecdi
e:.is of miydr .:c iiofL'ari were procured at a great cx-
tens. ro ari t,'d, thu con--irucLior oflocks ; but a
s!i:8t ;liiELSteOone h.s been itnd, dispersed over tie
'ii c .i. t ,f .dapt d or i waiter ceient, and
i'.::'-i'' aii.;'.'seli~it ji. 1 1 eeSity of a foreign supply'.
qU'tedt U:t, is also found in abundance; and it is con-fi
den:iy eieOved, as well from tile geological character of
tlis region, as f'om various other indicaions, that coal
wilI be discovered anapiy sutiiuc;t or' l(oinstic uses and
!;i;!;,Cturing estabtischnints. Tlhe ..,ilmation whichl
this work, i:l its present uIifinished at.ae, has ,giveil to our
ie;rnal traUd, cannot be duti appreciated without tihe
adIla:tn- .g-es of person A .I- i.. ... tor cal all its bles-
shi s be realized or .. lI ..I ., years d f ,.t..,
lave passed away."'
Thle length of the western section of the Canal
is :I.ttcd at 163' 1.1'..u1 ,1t of. tite eastern at 97.
,..v : .. I .. 1 -. ,. .- ...', i, i estim at-
c:-, .riff:be nearly the samne, and, the aggregate-
'co!)f boA h Ifour millions of dollars. It man be
iixibelti, the nicessage suggests, mi live 'years. .
Economy and retreinchmint of expenditure is
rccoic'aended-as one measure of which the
Governor recommends to the Legislature "to
coi'trac: the dura.iiin of its session at least one-
hal'f, atnd, in furthcrance of this miportant object,
v.'hetber n u.'ti not be acivisable to omit the an-
swer to tihe Spic:h of tihe (overnor." If the two
Houses of the Le?,islature. do not omit the. usual
n'.s-;c's to the Shi..cch, 're shill be curious to see
tie atus-ver the'y 'ii! make 1o this suggestion.
Aiter nio cing the topics of Education, the
Saviiis' Iank, &c. the (Cso''-ior proceeds to a
.*:: .''.:t atton of the, Constitution; reviews, in
;: :-.. the del'cfects of that' feature of it which,
t" me Council of Appointmcnt, and dc-
.. recommends a Convention lor the pu.r-
--- ikhi a diflfereint arrangement of the
i ing po e', a.nd for such" other pur.noses
ta.i'iar'e.. .One ixtiportanit tact is disclosed in this
.ca't oftl, he ?l -- .e that it the ofices ix the n ift
,.f this Council are re xine'ated by salaries or
fees to the amount of a million dollars 'iinuativ 1"

The wholel. Civil List of the stale .g.tei'.rnicnt
is estimated fMor thie ensuing year, only t thiesa rie
sui;n aind the fees additionally reci ed by the-
public officers will not greatly enlarge this item
It will be seen, thArcfore, that the Governor and a
COunc uf four' persons dis;peisr :uaultas great an

amount of emoluments, (and even a greater ex-
tept of patronage) as the President and Senate,
and all the other olhcers of tho- government of
the Union.
The Message next calls the attention of the
Legislature to the vacancy in the Senate of the
United States, which requires to be filled by
them : and, in, running the eye aver- the enumer-
ation of the requisites for that important station,
wetcannot help suspecting. that the election of
Mir. King is pointed at-the more, because the
candidate who last year was opposed to him
(when no election was made) is, by the united
voices of the Federalists and the friends of Mr.
Clinton, elected to the chair of the House of Re-
presentatives of the state.
MARYLAND.-'The Governor and Council have
had a meeting, and have made a part of the ap-
pointments under the new administration of the
state. The following are all that we have -seen
an account of:
Robert Gorsxch, Georye .Ebeauffh,
John 11. aBarney, V'icholas .,lerrynan, of Elijah.
Jhn, Buck, of 3Beuj. John B. Snowzlden,
John Berry, Job Smith,
N.atlhidel C/ilds, John 0. Walker.
Jacob G..Snmth,
Mr. Dorsey has brought forward, in the House
of Representatives, a supplement to theanct-..Ja.
cilitate tlif recovery of debts due from the several
banks in this state, and.to'compel the said banks
to pay specie for their-note.s, oir forfeit their char-
tets ; which postpones the operation of the act
till the end of the next General Assembly of Ma-
VIRGINIA.-James.P. Heath Pas been elected
Auditor of Public Accounts for one year. This
election excited great interest. Mr. H's major.
ty over John Burfoot, the late Auditor, was five
votes.. John Burfoo t has been subsequently cho-
sen Clerk of the Executive Council.
William Robertson was elected a member oi
the Executive Council, vice Joseph L. Fry, re-
signed. There were seven candidates, and fo.u
ballots were necessary before a choice was made
S The Legislature proceeds with the public bu-
siness, but we have not seen that any important
-measure has yet been matured, though many atr
NORTH CAROLINA.-The Legislature adjourn
ed on Christmas-day, having passed 49 acts of
public, and 96 of a private nature. Among the
former, was an act appropriating the proceeds o
the sales of the whole of the lands lately acquired
I by treaty from the Cherokees, as a Fund for In
ternal Improvements, under themanagement of
L Board of Commissioners, consisting of the Go
r vernor for the time being, as President and tli
e following gentlemen, one from each Superior
1 Court District, viz : John D. Hawkins, A. D
e Murphy, Charles E. Johnston, Durant Hatch
i Alfred Moore, and Charles D. Conner.
1 Another act was passed, prescribing the mode
of surveying and selling the land lately acquired
h by treaty from the Cherokee Indians. There art
to be two Commnissioners and one principal Sur
veyor, who is t6 appoint.his deputies; the'land i
to be laid off in tst, 2d, and 3d classes. Th
s first is hot to be sold for. less than 4 dollars at
d acre; the second not less than 3 dollars ; the thirc
not less' than 2 dollars. No survey is to be les
Sthan 5.0 acres, nor iny more- than 300. One
s cighLth of the pu'chasse.-m_- e-t. I..._.,l ,.-,..u
An act was also passed concerning .the public
a arnis, which requires the Governor to procur
f suitable places of deposit at Edenton, Newbern
e and Fayette;ille; to cause the arms to be cleaned
. and deposited there, and to appoint persons t
take care of them.
Acts were also passed, to confirm the bound
Sry line between this state and the state of Georgia
so iar as the same has been run, and making pro
vision far running the boundary line between thi,
r state and the state of Tennessee.:
- KENTUCKY.-On the 21st ult. in the Legisla
ture, Mr, Daniel (of Montgomery) obtained leavw
to bring in a bill to declare all sales void, made
under any execution issued in favor of the Bank
* of the United States or its branches, in-this corn
!monwealth, and for other purposes. In explain
ing, he avowed that .one provision of the bil
would be to confine in the jail and penitentiary
any person who might venture to become a pur
chaser at such a sale. In this way alone, it was
lie argued, the monstrous corruptions of this in
situation could be wrested from the patronage o
the federal judiciary, who seemed determined tc
uphold it at all hazards."
iWilliami Logan (now of the Senate of the United
States) is announced by authority of a candidate,
for the o.fliccofGovcrnorofithe State. Henry hl
(now Speaker of the House of Representatives o'
the U.. States) is warmly recommended in the
Kentucky papers for the same office, but not by
authority. "His friends, l.uciev r, have no doubt.
S(says the Gazette,) that, should. he be honored(
with the suffrages of his fellow-citizens, lie will;
with pleasure, embrace the opl)ortunity of ser'.
ing his country in that high Le ...... ,l.
fice." We doubt this. :;.
Felix imdyv and Willian, L. Brown, Com-
mi.o-',oi, .i|pointed by :le. state of Tennessee
to settle the disputed boundary with Kentucky,
.ae now at Franktort, the seat of L:'..'n uric: of
Kentucky, and the Genrtral Assemtbly was mak.
ing arrangements to rceive their propositions
It is earnestly. hoped that thliis dispute may now
be amicably adjusted.
The sixty days stof-law, as it is cephaticully
called, is said, by the Argus, to be in its nature
temporary, and, if nothing more is done, it will
entirely cease in its effects at the end of sixty days.
i In the mean time, however, (says the Arguss,)
it is highly probable that a law providing that
property shall not be sold unless it bring a certain
proportion of its- value, will pass. Sofir aswe
can judge, this measure is the most popular sone
which has. been proposed to the General Assem-
bly for- the relief of the community. We can
with less cer.intmy predict the late of the other
measures which have been introduced for the ef-
fectuation of.an.objcct which seem's to be univer-
sally desired." 'v
GEORGIA.-The Legislature adjourned on the
20th ultimo, after, a. laborious session of eight
weeks. Duiring its ,ittxiug, upwards ofriinety acts

of a general and local natuite have been passed.
PIrevious o tu e Lcgislature breaking up, they
elected James M Wane Jud ge of the Court of
Oyer.and Terminer for the city of Savannah.
ALABAMIA.-A bill has passed th-e Legislature
" authorising the Governor of that state to em.
ploy an engineer to examine the water courses"
of that state. A bill has also been reported and
read the third time.-in the lower JIouser making

provision for the a;zmintment of pilot. to convey
boats through the .aiscle Shoals. A. resolution
has passed appoint i a committee to draft a me-
morial to Congrfss, praying that the pui chasers
of public lands may be, indulged, The salary
bill,.as amended at the last accounts, allows the
. Governor 2,500 dollars-the Judges 1,500 dol-
lars, and the Attorney General 500 dollars.-
Thomas A. Rogers is elected Secretary of.State
by a large majority ; Samuel Pickens, Comptrol-
lcr; Jack F. Ross, Treasurer; Carter B. Harri-
son, Adjutant General; William Peacock, Quar-
termaster General.

Extract of a letter from Bordentown, (N. J)
dated January 4, 1 820.
"It is with the most sincere regret I inform you of
the loss, by fire, of the Count de Survillier's (Joseph
Bonaparte's) valuable house, at Point Breeze.
This morning, between the hours of eleven and
twelve, the fire was discovered. It had taken place in
a small chamber in the centre of the house, and commu-
nicated to every part of the buildingn, in so short a space
of time, that it was with the utmost exertions of the in-
habitants of Bordentown, that the most valuable paintings
& furniture were'saved; The short time allowed for re-
moval, & the immense strength of the doors and windows,
prevented several gentlemen who heroically attempted
getting into a chamber which, unfortunately, was locked,
and in which i-..,-,e il, nil- pa; rnigs, broks, 'rd luniiture
were con-ramrn .. TI .: it a. ot' ..tler rendered it imr,.np -
sibleto ,irr'e ,he |Ir, .1'" tire fire. TlIe p'imr of
which lti r c re 'n-...taer, *acre 'il' .. e,- r .-
zen, and thie e riin, bt.:..,ime useless. s ter sas tiroightbt
with great l.b,,ijr'b a ,urrbr of men from the river,
but it could not be'procured in sufficient quantities to
do any good;
lii the midst of this scene of confusion, the Count ar-
rived from a journey-and his calm' and philosophical
3 mind shone conspicuously at this trying moment. He
seemed to feel, and certainly showed, more sensibilityat
the friendly efforts of his neighbors to serve him, than
for the lost of his property.
A number of young gentlemen of Bordentown form-
ed themselves into a guard, to watch the fire and protect
f 'the valuable articles which were unavoidable exposed,
. and, joined by Captain i 's Company of volunteers,
will parade round the Lawn and Avenues to the house,
r all night.'
The Count has so endeared himself to his neighbors,
- by his untffTcrt't itir., .-s and liberality, that there was
t a unanimous exertion made to serve him; and we have
o only to regret that it was not more effectual."

good natured Post-Jlaster.-aWe have been
- informed that a certain Post-Master in the state
a of Illinois keeps an old flour barrel, or some-
e thing of the kind, to deposit the letters and news-
f papers in for safe-keeping when the rider does
d not think it altogheilii con.enient to carry them
- all; the quantity not unfreqieantly accumulates till
a the barrel gets nearly or quite full, when the
- good natured post-master, by means of capsizing
e it, lets us have sonie from the bottom; we receiv-
r ed letters last mail, that should' have arrived se-
Sveral weeks ago.--St. Louis Enquirer.

e This article in domestic economy admits of a
d very profitable and beneficial increase. It is in
e constant and growing demand, and good prices
Sand 'prompt payments afforded for it. Certain it
s is, the qut:i.ity ani consequent emoluments pf
e this commodity could be greatly extended. Per-
n hIaps itnmay be thi.ii..ht of too trifling importance
d to merit much 'i-'. rtin ; bat is scarcely of .less
s 'utsthainx.r'- i ,'er,, which are well known
" to gr. .' It stfoidd be recollected,
-t so light is the duty, th, t i4'L.i1-. ,l in
c a multitude of cass,be very usefully employed in
e gathering it up. Every person is familiar .with
many of the. useful. purposes to which it is daily
' applied. There a-e sufficient inducements for
o families that havy the opportunity, to make
it an object of the host careful attention and pre-
servation. Were his-made a general habit, a
- considerable revemne might be derived from it.
'.' [Ohio Inquisitor.

racor U.TaItrICA TiAvraIOT, DEC. 28.
- Singular Exploit.-A singular conflict with a
, large Panther, is rated to have taken place a
e few days since, in lefferson county. Mr. Rich,
k formerly the conductor af a newspaper in Wa-
. terton, went out to:examine some traps which
- had been set for volves, and found a panther
I caught in one of thim. He returned, and pro-
y cured a friend to accompany him, for bringingin
- the animal alive. When they arrived at the
trap, they found that the panther had disengaged
- itself and escaped. They soon discovered it at
f no great distance. Mr. Rich advanced towards
D it, and his companion retired and left him. Mr.
R. fired and shot the panther through the head.
I Having discovered what he supposed to be ano-
thier, lie instantly loaded and fired again, but
found he had mistaken his.object. Immediately,
f however, he perceived a large one advancing to-
wards hirm, which sprung at him fiercely, with its
mouth open, before he could load his piece. He
thrust his hand into the mouth of the panther, and
caught hold of his tongue. The panther scratch-
ed furiously, but Mr. R. kept his hold, until he
took from his pocket a jack-knife, which lie open-
cd with the assistance of his teeth, and cut the
throat of thepanther. Both the panthers were
afterwards brought. into Watertow,. Mr. R.
v was badly scratched, aid his clothes nearly tomrn
off. Putnanm's exploit with the wolf was a fool
to this."__
Nw-vW-YOR, DC. 31.
We understand that a meeting of the Cham-
bIer of Commerce was yesterday held at the Cof-
fee House, at which a Mecmorial to Congress was
presented by a comnuttee appointed at a former
meeting, and agreed to, recommending the con-
tinuance of the present mode of collecting duties
on importations ; but in favor of levying two and
hal: per cent. upon package sales atI auctions,
and five per cent for sales of smaller quantities.

Counsellor Bethell, lawyer, who stood well in
his own opinion, was particularly food of stating
a case to a jury. This gentleman was thle son of'
a respectable and industrious citizen of Dublin,
who was by trade a ahoe-mnaker. The voung
lawyer was one day in the zenith of his glory,
making one of his long-winded speeches, when
Mr. Curran happened to come into court, and,
with a view to some nmerrixnent, interrupted
SBethell, vho, in a rage exclaimed, Mr. Curran,
you have broke the thread ofm dcliscourse." ""Well
my dear fellow," replied the facetious Curran,

In.theship Triton, which recently sailed -rom i Bati-
more for New Orleans,.went passenger J'imnrod Farrow',
Esq. of Virginia- His destination is Mobile,.at which
place he is.concerned'in a contract for the erection of
some fortifications. I.is departure is thus noticed, for
the information of his friends.


facts or falsehoods, wherewith to gratify the probable expense of tl
spleen or curiosity of their employers. Hence do not think it would s
it is that idle tales, which, during the effervescence ry article made within
of party feeling, were poured forth against New *Itis perhapsworth re
England, in fugitive papers and pafnphlets, and whether fiom bias of t
which the good sense of the nation would in time mode of dress, or from
have assimilated to the legends of sorcery and mode partadopted the blufom
witchcraft, are already, under the spell of certain mnos i
travellers and reviewers, assuming the gravity of not predominant in the dx
true history, and seem to demand a conempora- nativeor ball, one might fa
neous refutation. native Hll,'one might fa,
Let t itow be' supposed, in the way of argu- pr..., hch ccide
ment, as quite possible, that. the legislatures of willjst add. that we are,
those states, and the majority of the people, acted aw,of a thinglike a
under erroneous views of their own interests, and anl incontrovertible truth,
or their duties to the nation. They may have to ea rink, and wear w
been greatly mistaken in their construction of
the constitutional charter, and have assumed un-
tenable positions in their controversies with the LETTER TO
national Executive. But the history of every
confederacy of states, from the era of the Achwan U. S* ..1
league to our times, abounds in disputes respect-
ing the mutual obligations of its members. They Messrs. Gales Sea
originate unavoidably in the imperfection of lan- the westward of Albax
guage, in the diversity of aspects under which stopped at a small tav
objects arc surveyed by different minds; somcu- of Schenectady, on the
times in feelings and motives of genuine patriot- by the communicate.'
ism, and not unfrequently in ardent passions and I discovered a well e
oblique views of local interest. Col. Forsyth, of the 1
In such dissentions it too often happens that upon the northern ifr
the magnitude and danger of the emergency, The good woman told
which ought to suspend the spirit of controversy, wiLh her, when on hi
augment its fierceness. One party must always that he intended to lhi
be in the wrong..;,but.it, by no means- follows turn, not being able-tO
that a misapprehension of. right, because it hap- injury. As it may be
pens to be chargeable upon the Weaker or minor tives to know this fact
party, though defended with, perseverance, arid of their residence, I ta
even excessive fervency, implies a disposition to ing to them the intelli
secede from the confederacy. Nor does it consist Your obedient se
with'good policyorthe interest of the confederates,
because their voices are most numerous and loud,
to stamp any symptom of supposed contumacy
with this aggravated stigma, unless proved to de,- 1
serve it byovert acts. Each state, in its turn, may H AS, on commis
incur this reproach. There is a striking re- e maple rris the
semblance in the tendency of the .popular senmi- brass aounted; B
-ment, (as the short annals of our government will logany Bedstead's
shew,) in great as well as in small states, and in. ses; .plated ware
the districts of the South and the West, as well as hogan cases.
of the East, under similar circumstances, to ru:n a" -
in the same channels of opposition and complaint
-to stickle for state rights, and to remonstrate a- N ashinrgt
against alleged encroachments of the national aui- Book, of 13B
thority, in tones susceptible of a menacing, at Davis's.Book,1
least of an equivocal, construction. Whilcejthen, .Patriotic Bari

the merits, patriotism, enthusiasm, courage, and
disiixtei'estedness of the different states and sec- COW aW
tions of our nation, can produce at home no fruit A blue on
but implacable jealousies, hatred, and intesatinedi- Thl young i
visions, and consequently from abroad contempt crumply horl
and danger, the true friends of their country-will jn 11-t
be willihig, in the absence of the causes- which
have alienated them from each other, to review THE l
the sources of their antipathies and prejudices, l1'o01t the
and magnanimously to renounceall. such as are J. will b
unsupported by correctandconclasivi evidence. Wvashingi

he suit, as described, and
exceed ten dollars, and eve-
one's own family.
mark, that our Legislators have,
ec national taste towards that
whatever other cause, for the
e colotur Where that colour is
ress, we find in its place black
sting the eye over the Legis-
ncy .hat a cotume had been
tntr only hivs introduced. We
opposed to the establishment,by
national costume. We hold it
that every free man has a right
whatever he pleases.-Editors.


arsenal Watervliet, .V. Y.
January 4,1820.
aton: While journeying to
ny, in this state, last fall, I
ern about three miles west
e Mohawk turnpike, where,
e disposition of the landlady,
executed Portrait of the late
Rifle Corps, who was killed
ontier during the late war.
me that the Colonel left it
s way} to the. frontier, and
ave called for it or. his-
carry "it- Julhcl
e very desirable to
, and not knowing.
ike this method

If the odious projects" which, are supposed by
many to have been agitated and attempted in the
Hartford Convention concerned only thle indivi
dual members, they probably would remain con-
tent to repose in silence for their justification
upon their established private characters, and
upon their'standing in the esteem and confidence
of the people among whom they are best known.
Although a spirit of personal enmity and local
rivalry may dictate to some, who are heated in
the race for preferment, the 'expediency of hold-
ing up those members to public censure and pro.
scription, it is still demonstrable that the reputa-
tion of states and not of individuals is directly im-
plicated in those transactions. The enquiry af-
fects the public spirit and virtue not 'only of le-
gislative assemblies, but the vital soundness of
the heart of the New England population. The
Delegates to the Convention were pi i icipally
agefits in behalf of states, acting under public in-
sttiUctitia which had been 'debated with open
Sjoi4 I,,':,e limitations they :oulid r.not trar-cncid.
Amorn,,-them-:h -- e -ome, '. ho sec-ted, .uo inlla-u
enpe in promoting the measure, and others who
accepted the trust with' unfeigned reluctance, but
from a conviction of its being a duty to attempt
to give to the project the most salutary direction.
They possessed no authority, and weie subject
to no responsibility, but that which is common to
legislative committees,: empowered to report
facts and opinions. The report which they made
was equally a public document, accepted upon
due deliberation by their several constituent legis-
latures, and thus entitled to 'be considered as the
act of the. people of those states. Thus an im-
mense majority of the people of Massachusetts,
Connecticut, and Rhode Island, and respectable.
portions of those, of New Hampshire and Ver-
onent, are emphatically responsible for the organ-
ization of that Convention, and the sanction be-
stowed upon its result. There is no presumption
that they were the dupes of leaders or taken by
surprise. A suggestion, so reproachful to an in-
tdlligent and independent people, vanishes-before
the recollection of the repeated opportunities of-
fered them for a change of men in the State Go.
vernments, and the general expression of opinion
favorable to such a Convention in all quarters oi
the country. In Massachusetts especially, 'the
Legislature was stimulated' to action by the spon-
taneous movements of the people in their to wns
and counties. Petitions were heaped upon peti-
tions, and the extra session, in which the Con-
vention was proposed, was summoned to meet
conformably to a manifestation of public solici.-
tude too evident to be mistaken, and too impera-
tive to be evaded.
It is then, be it repeated, the character ol
New England-of a great portion of the Ameri-
can fraternity-a character eminent for all the
moral and political attributes which give value
to the-social compact, and for the qualities and
virtueson which t: cr L'.jod g~i'%iiihn'tri'i-meliesr
for support, that is to. be rescued fiomuri a dispa-
ragement which, in the view af the world, would
attach to the reputation of the nation. For it is
to dishonor the nation, that, whatever sounds to
the discredit of any portion of it is collated, with
mercenary zeal, by certain foreign purveyors of
scandal, who are sent hither to collect either

liessr's. Editors.: Finding the public sentiment, at this
time, tending much toward domestic economy, and ob.
serving in several four prints mention made ofa Nation-'-.
k1 costluie, I cannot but express my approbation of a mea-
sure so wise and patriotic. I would n t that our Legisla-
tors should be attired in robes after the .rg..'. n'm .
oner o the English Peers, or the Frenc directors; but
the go'd old OQposition Bue B .,! B. ,f. tie colors of Li-
brik, iani tilhe I. 'iul ;, woufd, at once, be a Costume
d;gmifi-.d .uid pro.ier, .iid recalling to remembrance times
the most glorious in out history.:. 1As respects our mili-
tary, I have always deemed it the most praiseworthy that
their habiliments should be of domestic nr material and ma-
nufacture, uniting grace with simplicity and usefulness.
I happened to '.ake up, the other clay, a paper, in which
I.Found a communication from a Maojor Cuyler, of New-
York, addressed to Mr. Custis,\ of Arlington, about the
time the latter gentleman was engaged in hid useful la-
bors for the promotion of our Domestic (Economy. This
neat and simple dress for Riflemen, our country's-surest
hope in war, is at once handsome arid cheap; and, as it
may be useful to corps of this sort, either formed ur. that
may be formed hereafter, I beg leave to fc. rirt, itto yeu
for publication; and am,
Extractof a letter from Major Cuyler, of New-York, to
Mr.' Custis, dated 5th of September, 1810.
Description rj'a c/rap darnhle, homwe y, 1 '." r' .
1 if rin, re'I'oIIm,-led fd rti f,, .m
A black mock-morocco or 6ne calfskin cap,
made in the shape or fashion of fur caps, to pull
down over the ears, edged. with black or dark
fur,, without feather or cockade; (this cap. sits
snug about the ears and head, is not very heavy,
on the contrary, is lighter than the ordinary, hat;
in cold weather would keep the ears warm, and
at all times serve as a cap to sleep in, wheit lying
out ; would be, no incumibrance in running thro'
woods or bushes.)
Pantaloons, waistcoat and n ., -ck of' w-oollen
cloth of black and white wool. of each in equal
proportion, trimmed with blue worsted fringe.
[This would make a dark grey suit well cal-
culated to hide dirt, or mud, which would brush
off when dry-made of the, texture of Virginia
linen woclsey, a little filled and milled, would
not be too warm by day and would be cormforta-
ble at night, particularly if the soldier has to lie
out at night ; would not he discernable iri the
noodls at any distance, ot unlike the natural ap-
pearance of ihe trunk or ibody-of a forest tree;
has cheapness to recommend it!]"
Indian mockasihs of deer skins *1611 dressed,
coming up above the ancle half Il hgh. ... as to
secure the bottom of the pantaloon.
[These are recommended on several accounts;
thile are much easier to travel in than either a
bootor a shoe,,keep the ancle and instep well
braced, and the bottom of the pantaloon snug, to
keep out wet .ofi mud, and to prevent the roots
or bushes from catching in them, which either
tear or impede the travel; .are .a preventive to
the bite of the rattle snake by coming up half leg
high, are easily patched and mended by the wear-
:er at any time he may have a few minutes lei-
sure-a woolen sdck half leg" hi.h to be worn.
with them.]
S.Apondc' horn, Liack leatherr bullet pouch,
targe cin.-oghL t-,i contain, "a bullet mould, a stui
and flint, tinder box, tow, &c. priming brush, and
charger suspended from it. A black lea; l,tv gir-
dle, with.a buckle, round the waist, ,iih a hunt-
ing kiife, and a small drinking cup .suspended
f from -it.
I have made a fair and liberal estimate of the

Bistr'ict Co0 c&0 v1. .

{', ,,i '.1 ii ] 'e l. 1 ;.*. : 1-1 ,,.' p. i'h. :J '
the Proceedings of the Boa.d of Common Loun-
cil, unanimously requesting the, Mayor to- con- t
venc a General Meeting of the citizens to take s
into consideration the propriety of memorializing i
Congress lbo. a: r-cession of that part of-the Dis-
trict West of Rock LC c.. k to 'the State .6if Mary-:
land-it may be proper to publish the ir1lU. e
The Board of Aldermen, at a special Meeting, i
on the subject of this resolution, transmitted
thereto the following reply. tr
To the Board of Common Council., s
The Members of the Board. of Aldermen have reject-
ed your proposition, calling for a town meeting on the a
Sth instant, and believing it to be inexpedient, at this pe- p:
triod of irritated and excited feeling, to agitate the ques- t
tion ofretrocession, more especially-as the subject was a
deliberately acted upon by the people, of. the town, r
ohly twelve months ago., They also consider it advisa- f
ble, even if the subject is again to be agitated,: that it c
should be postponed, until it is ascertained what will be I
the course definitively to be taken in relationto to te con- a
cerns of this District, by Congress. They also object 1I
to the passage of your resolution, because this board is,
at this time, decidedly, and unanimously opposed to re- t
procession. And because they believe that if the reso- s
lution is passed, in its present shape, taken in connection .
with the printed resolve passed by your board alone, t
and published in the National Messenger of this day, the t
imspresion would be made upon the public, that both -{
t r. i-l,- 'if. tIr. Corporation approve of the S i ....* -
S"d,: JU-1HN 1i.LiNTZ, Sec'y. t
The Mayor then refused, to call a MT~iiif.L, as
requested by the Board of Common Countul :
whereupon, a notice was issued, inviting such' a
611,, 11i;, and signed by a majority of the Board
of Common Council, viz.-by John Peter (Presi- b
del) D. Ktirtz, John Gozler, B. F. Mackall,
Thomas Hyde, Jer. W. Bronaugh, Dani-l Rci--
ncr, anii Joseph Brooks.
A Meeting was held accordingly on Saturday
evening, of which the following account is given
in the Messenger .
On Saturday, 8th January, 1820, a very numerous and (
highly respectable meeting of Georgetown, and that
part of Washington County, lying west of Rock Creek,
convened at the Lancaster School house, agreeably to
public notice. .
Major Jous PETI.M was called to the chair, and Joisj
KrrZ appointed Secretary.
After some prefatory remna-ks by the chairman, stating-
the object of the.meeting, Mr. L:.." .. -submitted
the following resolution. ,
"Resolved, That is the wish of tl,- imeet n.1, tl. i,n
that part of the District of Celumbia,b '.i, n'.t f;' Rock
Creek, and north of the Potomac River, be retroceded to
the State of Maryland -, and that a committee of -
persons be appointed to draught a respectful memorial
to Colnress, praying that honorable body to make a re-
".i e' ,' arcii i;'c l gly."
V as 1. sncated by the fayor, Mi'. Plater, Gene-
r:l .''. .the t ',airman, and Mr. Beatty; and opposed
,y ,i, .., with the view of giving ample time
to de'baaate on so important a subject, it was resolved
6 adjouti the meeting to Saturday next, the 15th inst.
i",' 4 clickic, P'. M. '

Gentlenien: Observing that a memorial is before Con.
-gress, for consolidating three of the District Banks into
one, I would wish to ask a few questions as to the object
and end of sucli an expedient. It is not sny intention to
oppose the prayer of the petitioners, but simply to ask for
an elucidation of this subject. The following queries are.
.jp r,' .,.:e.l ,t ,ill' ,,i. i c ti e.
i' -_- up| ... i. banks ]n: ..i .-J
Si\' noi ti e ir I imu la .11f h. e nsolid.u.- ,n -II %n i_ ]
iiy' thb;rp iiit r to thie' .icliual funds, or increase their
*.iii pr-\ -', '... : t' such thing' may be pre-
dicated of one of these fashionable institutions ?
Secondly-If these three banks a.'e, as I presume they
are, perfectly solvent, and only a little embarrassed with
what is politely termed the pressure of'the times," will
tile consolidation of them make the thing any better;
will it offer any better.security to the public ? for let it
be remembered that every question of this kind is a ques-
iion, not of individual, but public interest. Can you, in
short, make a substantial three-legged stool with three
ricketty legs ?
Thirdly-Is it not exceedingly probable that the event
will be admittingg the object not to be so) to assist in
perpetuating this wretched system of paper, which, if
left to itself; will expire, either by its own limitatio-i, or
by the total and irretrievable loss of the public confi-
dence ?
FourthiyZ-Whetler, on the score of expediency, as
well as< -ra\, ,. "t .1.i be best to let these institutions
die a natural death ? Sume of them, at least, ar- such
notorious delinquents that they *,-Eir b'i .. .i-;.
to escape the hands of justice, and be permitted to die
quietly in their beds, with good time fir repentance be-
I propose this querywithti all due deference: -
Fifthly-Would it not be expedient to enact a simi-
lar law with that of Athens, with'a particular reference to
banks, to wit: that every person who proposes a new
bank, shall do it with a halter about his neck, which is to
Ibe used in case lie fails in his application ?
Yours, truly,
President of the Bank ofJAe-'wfoundland.

rm1oi TiE A.TEX.IT IlIA GAZE'rITE.-BYr aiti rsT.

The chief aim of every wise and virtuous government,
is the morality, prosperity, and happiness of the people
over whom thly rule ; nor can this object be better ef-
fected than by an attention to the general expression of.
their feelings, inasmuch, as a contented mind is sure to
produce a corresponding feeling of the heart. If then,
these preliminary remarks hold good, it :,n.cEz',rl re-
1."wits, that the; wishes of any community, like the voice of
nation, ought to entitle them to the :serious. attention
protecting care of their government, so far as re-
to their local concerns, provided they do not con-
Sthe fundamental principles of the government,
especially in one like this,where.the sovereign-
ith the people alone.
'*ssion, founded asI conceive, both up-
m"rm"ion justice, the inhabitants of
I required at this particular
-'ishes to the government,
.he success of their ap-
e one, andt the wish
nat we are blessed
table governmeuntl

time, and still is,
's which congress
'- pride and glo-
ss, it cannot b.e
i Do lessen theii
Viewed with
C ilities which
:be, they look
.ion thr.. ir
istioilnow to
city shall be
ital shall be
I the purest
others with e-

use, that one
cracy, & that
y to prevent
. ,I l ':.'nt so
Si lik to
ia equally
ckhol er,
rade, .that

:1re or .eve t flotsubali;rs s !ouldl be chartered, tbeir'
wishes ought to be and will be gratified by the govern-
nent. So long as capitalists associating themselves to-
gether for the purpose ofloaning money to those who
leed it,redeem their issues iistantermi hen .called upon so
o.0 do v itt!) th[pri-cious metals, so long are. they entitled
o l.o l ..'. ... i .. [ P- A i' rI goivernmiinc t, and
the thia ll h r' p..., ,.h ..( --'.... losee wants were
supplied nr-is the extra expense incurred, by increas-
ng the number of banks, a fit suirj'et of Ihgisla!ion for
he national assembly ; it is onel, hici applies to the par-
ies concerned, and to them on uly. I
Momied ilistitations differ but little frioin commercial
establishhlents. The first requires a statute law to legal-
ze its acts,,andto-entable it to sustain cerLtin privileges
n courts of judicature ; their latter adapts itself not only
o the. common-law, but to the cominumon & imnprescriptive
ights and innnumities of thle citizen; both buying and
selling ftorthe purpose of gain, utlio' they differ as to
lie nature and kind of articles they deal in ; and, so long
-s this ti-affic will 'if'o-d theit a profit after paying all ex-
uences, so long will they pursue it and no longer ; for
rade like water seeks its level, and, if it should attempt
mny tling beyond that, it must of consequence re-act and
return to the fountain from whence it flowed. Where-
ore then should Congress attempt to abridge the iexpen-
ues of the one and not the other ? and more particular-
y the first, which has preserved good faith and piuictu-
lity tothe public, while hundreds of instances of the
matter havitig failed to do so.
If tile applications veut for an incrcas'e of banks, theni
the question would assume quite a different aspect, hu,,
o far from wishing. to augment, it asks foi less than are
already created ; and i'they have limited their wants to
to the chaing-es which have taken place inaluhnost every
thing, it is at least an evidence of their prudence and
good sense. If the monied institutions are not in acon-
itioni Wl grant as great facilities rnow'as they did former-
I u'; Y l0 i rum in ir-rrir ."it iayybc traceid to'
the L c.:at p..i, ,I aind ....,,.ci changes in Europe
groYv ing out of a general state of peace. In this great
political, as well as commercial change, it is true that we
hllve ,'oistined.in a mercantile point of view, the loss of
th ( ri;. ,q" r., I--the high price given for our bread
'.al hI .111 1.... % I 1. Idls products--and those who are deep-
ly engaged in navigation found it necessary to project
distant and expensive voyages which required the use of
all the specie that they could possibly command. Hence
tile necessity of brokers, who, in the prosecution of their
lawful business, necessarily called upon every bank to
redeem its issues, as fast as they received their paper,
and in this general iFeaction-in this general inverted
order of things, can we be surprised, or can we censure
them for adopting., the first great law of nuature-self-pre-
servation ? I respectfully conceive not, but on the con-
trary believe, that both the head and heart of every good
man would join issue in commending their prudence in
thus being prepared to meet the great and impending
crisis which was about to assail them, with promptness
and good faith. It is alleged by some, that the banks are
unable to make new discounts, and that, consequently,they
ought to wind up." If this be the fact, I ask where
does the fault rest. ? Surely with those who -owe them,
and if the feelings of honor, pride and self-interest, can-
not induce them to come forward, and, by paying up
even a part of their-debts, put the machine once again
in motion, where will be the inducement to do so,
when you attempt to wind up ?" All things must wind
up, or, in other words, must have an ending as they assur-
edly had a beginning, but the Lord, in his just and wise
providence, has limited the time, &if, as Rousseau declares,
in his Political'Essays, that the voice of the people is the
voice of God, then has the time notyet arrived for "wind-
ing up."
Revolutions, like innovations, are dangerous experin-
ments,viwetlier political, religious, or civil, and no wise
and temperate government will set aside, for trivial cause.
es, institutions which have stood the test of 10, 15, or 20
years, unless it is manifestly for the public good.
The fitness of all things is regulated mainly by exist-
ing circumstances, and, if those circumstances pleclude
the possibility of men's meeting their engagements at
once, it is evident, that it is not a fit or proper season tc
require it, nor does it, by any mode of reasoning, follow
because it cannot be done to-day, that it never canl
for, n. the contrary, we all know, that by perseverance
rirI,. ri, i.-rI ,-rhl-i : .i ...- '' .h ',.r lhe reflected, which
i r i u c tir'',r,,'. ,', J," ,, ,. i ,' i 'y bring rm ill auid d
struction upon many good and honorable inisn ; henci
the danger and impolicy of requiring that, which the un
usual pressure of the times precludes the;.-..iu ....fob
In .; the passions and prejudices of a few, whose limit
ited horizons can only comprehend elects without track
ing causes, may declaim and condemn these measures o
.necessary precaution, yet, I have no doubt that the ac
tive and generous principles of benevolence and integri
ty, as well as the genius and magnanimity, will continue,
to animate both the head and the heart of of a large ma
jority of the good people of the district, animd that, in :
body so enlightened as our National Assembly, it will fi
sufficient yotaries to do justice to the rights," the privile
ges, and the wishes of the people, when founded in. rea
son, truth and prudence.

Philadelphia, January 7,. 1820.
I..'The Editors cf the National J it-ll;i i.uLc
are particularly requested to give the lollowiin
an immediate insertion in their paper.
dt a meeiag of the Pennsylvania Society or promotim
the Abjiitmon of 'slavery, the relief of free s y'oesa wul-a
fully held in bondage and for improving the Condition o
the .,fi-icman Race, held in Philadelphia, April 1, 1819-
'T'h.,j .:-,. .' Preamble and annexed leesolutions 'wur
read, considered. tulopted. and directed to be sig ned by. th
Pres dent, attested by the Secretarg, and copies transmitted
to James aI llumade and John IV. J'aylor, I!squires, and t
those J.iembers of Csngress who voted in fJavo -of the tpr
positions therein meuieoned, and also that the same be pul
Thle Pennsylvania Society for promoting the Abolition (
Slat sery, c. have viewed with deep interest aund anxious wish
ei for their' success, the propositions subiitteil io the Natiouii
Legislature, to prohibit the furdler introduction of Slaves, an
to make f'ee the children of Slaves, now there, at a give tinte
in the proposed new staie of' Missouri and in thie Arkansai
Territory. -
In the laudable exertions, on the floor of Congress, to lpro
mote these great ia1d humane micatis ofh'sseliin duthe sphere
Slaverv, anid thus to remove a portijoniof this foul stain upo
our naIioni, there are seen abundant sources of satisfaction ; an,
to the philanthropist, and to all who have hitherto labored i
the cause of abolition, there are furnished, .by the supp)oi
ibese propositions received, strong evidences that this eaus
illi n, I r, .I.,:l. I ;.i :r'i, u. r;r.. I .bt,t priejuidicc, oppression aun
...,, i Irllu.r .I L. these considerations, :
.'.' -.c..', I l.-.h. sincere thauiks of' thi Society andof eve
ry friend of man, are justly due to' Jliames T'llinadge, Esquire
-. i., ,-.:,rh.. *,I the exclusion of Slavery fiomn the niw state o
"i' ,,un ; .i'r, to Jolin \V. Taylor, Ensqire, who mov-ed ths
samea restriction in relation to thie Arkansaw Tei'ritory ; anm
also to all thie members of both Houses of Congress, whio advo
cated and supported these propositions.
Resolved, ulso, That it sa subject of heartfelt satisfaction ti
the members of this Society that, with but one or two excep
tiont, every Senator and Reprisentative from die State ot Penun
syilvania approved aud supported those measures; and that it i
the earnest hope and desire of this Society that the just an<
equal principles of thl constitution of bar country, which saneo
lion aind support them, will at no distant period be unanimous a
"inog those, wh,.hhave.the trust of legislation confided to then
fronr Pennsylvalia.
Bv order and on behalf of the Society.
WILLIAM AWLE, President.
Attest-BaiJaitix Wu.iaitMs,'Sec'y.

Mr. James Bridges was killedonThursday at Andove
by the passing of the wheel oh a wagon over his breast
lie was drawn under the wheel in; consequence of onm
of the oxen treading' on the skirts of- his coat. He lin
gered four hours, retaining his reason till his death.
Oui Wednesday evening last, at Cambridge Port. ani
justatthethe other end of the .ig a jig i r..n i- .',u
Brattleborougli, whose name wet'l-i':- unrt lIartuer,, Id
from wagon, and was killed on the spot. He was sitting
on the seat(.lf iL. ,,- -.,,, with his- brother, and- is suppo
sed to have.t it.-r, ,., ti., as he was found dead without u
. having received almy injury from the wagon.

Ai, Engui r, giant, a youth of 18 years of ag
and near eight feet high ; a German. Dwarf, 3
years of age- anc' thitmtythree inches high; an
an Englih Giantess, -nearly seven feet high, or
ly sixteen years of age, all said to be well .prc
poitioned; .are a'dv"-'-.. to be seen atLiverpoo

.S-' A -fl a' "" '. -- -:

t iti -




The Senate made progress on some private C
bills, and heard some report on private claims, c
which lie on the table. li o o% three resolutions 'a
were submitted, which also lie on the table ne i
day ofcourse. The whole will be given in detail t
to-morrow. At an early hour the Senate went a
'into the consideration of Executive business, ha .
which they were occupied until their adjourn-
ineint. r

HOUSE OF :i'LI 'L--'-u.,l :iI I\ L-t:.
Numerous petitions were this morning pre- t
sented, and referred to the consideration of vari- b
ous committees. .
Mr. BRhea, from the committee on Pensions-
and Revolutionary Claims, nm4de an unfavorable '
-report on the petition of L-raitd Smith, execut- i
tor of Philip Bush ; which was ordered.to, lie on
the table. -
M'r. Williams, of N. C. from the committee of -e
Claims, made unfavorable reports on the peti- j
tions of Samuel Dale, ol MNa) Sears, of-flannah 3
Davis, of Richard Mansfield, and of.the levy court
of Calvert county, Maryland; the first of which
reports was committed to a committee of time
whole, and the remainder ordered.to lie on the
Mr. Kent, from the select cominittee to whom
the consideration of the petition on the subject hau
been referred, reported a bill to incorporate the
Managers oi the Nationai \'accine institution
which was twice read aund committed.-
Mr. Southard, from the com nnittde on Indian
Affairs, to whorn was referred.the petition otfsuni
dry inhabitants ofAt. Louis, in, Missouri, praying
to be incorporated to carry on tile fur tiaue, made
a report unfavorable to thi said petition, wvihich
was read and ordered to lie on the table.
The following message was received from the
President oi timh U1nutc hLates, by theiL ands oi
Mr. J. J. Monroe :
Too the lRouse oj ItRepreseulatives of the UulUea
SuStts :
In compliance with a resolution of the House
of Reprcuentant'es, ol the 14th of DJccei-b ur,)
18 19, requestitig me to cause to be lai-d before
it anly' itournation I iimay possess respecting ccr-
, tain executions wliich have been inlmucteid oin the
, army of thie utntelt-Statcs ., s.e tine year 18iu5
iou itrary to t teliva s anu i, r-.ul, :-.-uia l,,uvided lor
.the ,.. ui ..t' thl e a., it ....... .. ar poUt
ir'onu the secretary of War, containing a a.ctaii.
- account in relation to the object of the said re-
- solution. JAMES MONKROE.
- Washington, Janu. 8, 1820.
f Accompanying the message was transmitted to
the House the report from thie War Department,
- rct'erred to, and sundry documents; all of which
- were read"and ordered to bepi'inted.
I Mr. Cannon, of Tennessee, offered for consi-
deration the following resolution :
Resolved, That the committee on Revolution-
ary Pensions be instructed to enquire into the
expediency of amending the law on the subject, se
as to place soldiers and officers on an equality, by
allowing to each an equal portion of the bounty of
the Government.
The House having agreed, by a bare majority,

the resolve, the votes f6r and against it; were
equally divided ; and the Speaker voted: against ,
t, solciy on the ground of form and practice, nei-'
ther, of which were in favor of prefixing prmeam- I
bIes to re,, iiutioin i I .i ,h ; i
So the resolution d id not pass..
On motiono.f Mr. Faller, o~ Massachusetts, it s
was. h
it solved, .That the committee on Naval Af-
airs be instructed to consider, the expediencyof a
o .far modifying the act, establishing a Board of '
Cammission1ers of the Navy, as to make thSe- i-
'rotary of the Navy, for the time being, the pre i
iding officer of that Board ; and also of so limit- a
ng the tenor of the commissions, of the members
hereof, as to secure the accumulating experience
and talents of our Naval Commanders in that
Department, by a periodical rotation i.n office.
On motion of Mr. Uocke, of:T-enn, it was
Resolved, That the. Secretary of War, be di- I
ected to report to this house thu terms on which I
lie contract has been made for furnishing tranils-
portation to the.troops ordered on theexpedition -
o the Mandan villages on the M,souu i river, d
and also if any, and what other terms .may have r
been: proposed for fUmrnishing the same, and by c
whomn made. .
The bill from the Senate for establishing a Cir- .
cuit (iCurt in and for: the District of Maine.,. was
tu ic read. Mr 'r ltumes wished it, as being
wholly unobjectionable, to be ordered at once to
have-a third reading. But Mr. Lowndes. object- t
ed, that the bill was of too much imponmt.im. c to
jsi ift the: hoise with dispensing, in regard to it,
with thelusual forms of proceeding. The bill
was then, without opposition, referred to -a com-
mittee of the whole. .
The remainderorf the day's: sitting vwas occu-
pied in a- debate on the bill from the Senate (oni
its 3d reading) for the relief of Matthew Barrow.
The case of the petitioner is nearly this : Acting
as qs~artermaster-in Tennessee, during the British
wvar, he impressed some property from an indivi-
dual, who.first refused to part with his property,
and, when. taken from him, refused to receive
payment for it ; and sued the Quarter Master for
damages, &c. The verdict was against the offi-
cer for some 1500 dollars; and he applies to Con-
gress fo: indemnity The debate may be sketch-
ed offat. some day when time and room permit.
It resulted in the re-commitment of the bill ito l.c
committee of claims, on the motion, of one of the
gentlemen who was favorably disposed towards it.
The engrossed bill for the relief of Ether Ship-
ley was read a third time and passed. And
The .I-ouse adjourned.

We look with some impatience for the re-
demption of the pledge given by the Editor of
the Evening Post, to unravel all that is yet myste.
rious respecting the Spanish Treaty. The Public
are particularly desirous to learn on what grounds
the Post has so' unhesitatingly pronounced the
conduct of the King.of Spain, in regard to th.t.
Treaty, to be It exempt from all censure." This
reasonable expectation, it is presumed, the Editor
of the E'iening Post will not disappoint.


A pamphlet has 'been published in London, un-
der the following title: '" The Cession of the
Floridas to America, and the necessity of acquir-
ing the Island of Cuba by Great Britain ; by F.
Rattenbury, Esq." The transfer of the Floridas,
so important to the United States, and so perfect-
ly useless to Spain, has created much excitement
in Great Britain. Already Lave real or ima.gina-
ry fears magnified the increasing power of the
Union, and aroused the jealousy, if not awakened
-the alarm of our good transatlantic friends, who
fear that we are about to ruin ourselves with too

to consider the resolution-" much territory, and, like a patient in a. Plethora,
Mr. Cannon perceiving, from this vote, that we want bleeding To provide a remedy, howe-
there was muck objection to the p- position, ver, they are bent on having Cuba, L peaceably
made a few remarks in support of it. Daring or forcibly," in order to maintain.a position from
active service, he admitted that the c6nmpensa- which the commerce .and prosperity of the Unit-
tion ou ht to be in some degree proportioned to ed States may be easily annoyed ; but, under this
rank but, where the bounty ot the Government mask of fear, a ray of English ambition and jeal-
was dispensed, to relieve the necessities of those ousy is strongly visible e: they perceive the Span-
who had served it, hoe'tleouit the. principf of ish monarchy tumbling to pieces, and from the
She wreck they are desirous of bearing off what is
equality should and lie who served and he thatserved ostvauable, and offer in excuse thtl inm y h
as all OeffiCd caDd e WhoS ved as a private they will receive froi thi e transfer ol fhr[Idh to
should be considered as having been restored, on the United States. We certainly are not indebt-
quitting the public service, to the grade of exti- t
zequitting the puwhich vice, h ad sprung. These le- ed to the liberality or justice of English writers:
zens from which they had Sprung. These g.ene"
ral principles, Mr. C. enforced by a number of our character, institutions, and national feelings,
reapkriniMr. C. enfot ed by a num.bemof have been unhandsomecly represented by them
remarks, all toteninged of the mve whethepoint all; yet, when jealousy, alarm, or distrust is to be-

his object was to raise th pension of thie privates awakened, they can speak the truth on cardinal
his ob eet was to raise the pension ot the privates points. Hear what Mr. Rattenbury says of the
to that of the officers, or to reduce the pension peope heais c a y of th
of the officers to the-same .amount as that of these county m
privates ? .. Untaxed either by the government or pauperism, the
mass of the people, intelligent and enterprizing', easily
Mr. Cannon said .that would be a question for acquire competence. The frequent recurrence of their
the committee to determine, should the rcsolu- elective franchise, in c.ili..-' their attention to the regen.
tion pass, and which their report upon the sub- eration of her governumncit, carries convincing evidence
ject would hereafter bring before this House for of their participation in the sovereign authority.. TIhe
its decision. freedom with which they question the conduct of their
statesmen, the unceremonious manner in which they an.-
The question was then taken on the adoption imadvert upon the measures, of their Congress, and their'
undortned and u,,courtly sahutation of the Chicf;Magis-
of the resolution, and decided in the negative, 74. unldorned and uncourtly salutation ofthe ChiefAMagis-
of te resolution, and decided i the atie, rate, all conspire to assure themn-of the equality, of their
to 70. political condition, aind i,,:1-'. them with confidence in
On miotion-of Mr.Hendricks, it was the integrity of their' liprcsentativeas. These advanta-
ges, to a high-mip.ded hand generous people, wpuld be
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Trean productive of the noblest political and intellectual attain-
sury be instructed to lay before this House an ineuts; but, unfortunately for l.ui.i nature, as another
annual statement of the number of acres of proof of itsimperfectibility, tl..y -.' generated in.the
land sold at the several land offices from their in- Amterican people an excess of vanity and egotism exqui-
stitution to the 30th September, 1819 ; of the sitel forgive the author for hislast charge of
monies accruing and the monies received from egotism, for the solid truths connected with our
such sales of the su ales oru fothe government institutions; for a country and government, thus
and unpaid, and of the sales or forfeitureso tr. constituted, have.a right to be vain indeed.
non-paymcnt-keeping separate that part of the,. The author suspects that the people of Cuba
statement which relates to the states of Ohio, In- would not be disposed to come under the British
diana,and Illinois, formerly the North-Western crown; .nordoes he suppose that Spain would be
territory. willing to cede Cuba to Great Britain. Howy then
Mr. Brevard, of South-Carolina, offered a re- is this difficulty to be overcome ? Mr. Rattenbu-
solution, with a preamble, explanatory of its obh ry points :out. au expeditious 'mode. Take his own
ject, for directing the judiciary committee to en- words : :-
quire into the-expediency.of making further pro- SSpain will doubtless.reluctantly consent, to-the alien-
S. ation of the Island of Cuba from her sovereignty; but I
vision by law for. giving to. the judicial proceed- tr~st that the Ministers of Great Britain'.will not permit
ings, &c. of each state, the same effect in all. the that nation. to withhold from. us a possession rendered ne-
cessary to the protection of our commerce,, by the weak-
states, as-in .that in which they originated., ness which has-induced her to cede to the demands and
A motion was made,by Mr. Livermore, to strike menaces of the United States thle important position: of
out the preamble, and decided.in the n ative the Floridas. If ever there existed a necessity for de-
out the preamble paring froand d dd the ne'dinary cotesy and delicacy of a-
, The house having divided on the adoption of iions ; if ever i.. : .- justifies coercion, surely the

.use b'r:i this .iai,-n u iy ecersst ,. t: ..i .-'
Here is a strong spice of that m,.. al". wiicL'
as g,',e 'e .] thle C.',ri..' of St.. Jams -n many
stances, connected with her foreign: relations.
he s,:izi: of die VSp-anisilh silp,, laden with spe-
ie, withoit-adeclaration of war ; tlheiattack a.nd
eizure oUtlthe Danum. i1-.t, at C Gpenhagen ;..the
arbarous, umnianlyiandd unchristian-like block
de and starvation of, Norway, avre aimog..the
many cha-rges which weigh like a m-untainaor.
he character and honor of the Britih-..govern-
nent ; yet, -.ith the ignominy of these acts star-
ng them in the face, a writer advocates, adding
another stain to the country-advocates the seiz-
ie of-an-island from an all, inMtiwe.,if eace.,aiLd
Without claims, on the mere pretext-tlat 'tlii ae-
|uirement of an intermediate st ip.of territory by;.
lie United-States.is'danrer'routs to irre commerce.
Have we not got the Gulf of Mexico ? Can their
Floridas add much to our maritime '-nI i ?
-lave we not paid. fivQ times the value for them ?
Have we not tamely stbmitted-..to twenty years of
wrongs and -.. -re. -. :.s from Spain.? WNhy then
loes this'.Briti:ih writer attempt to ,et off' his.out-
rageous proposition, by the effect which our just;,
claims-may possibly have oBl Brhish commerce ?
WVhy atuei |,t I. ;. :. ,i atrocious measure', by
'epreseni r,, Ii. '. .,, ir e them to that course ?
That the British will attempt to obtain' Cuba,
I- .. i ..... 'ri.,,.. S1....iii nmi'i .sist: it; bl t, if;
u ':. %. 'c : r iltic ii ...i ,1 the island wilt
resist it ; :'T11, if- iLn. 1 -istancc is of no avail;.
there is another power who will aid in rI' i t1 in..
G r,.it B1i I. i, Ii o1 obtaining a commanding coo,
tr.l a.. tlI. ,iouiii olU the M exican oul:


.,,.!r:.: i t'i r. 31edical C r~ru ,:' n 'u f .. ;..;'.
States to their constituents$ ami (.. 1'..-. *citizens.
QAPITOL, I UY OF'AS'r'i',WorO;,. '.
.rANUAtY. 8, 1820.
iertl.men.: The 't.ua.-.i Couivetion Ibo
formin- a Pharmacopoeia is on the eve ci :ermin-
,ir, its sittings, after bringing the inpmi.ant bu ..
siness for which it assembled, .to.a hapqy and.-
successful close.
It is really a bubjert of -':ra:ulmin'.n, both to.the'
profession and to thle people, that thiLs work.,
which has been for two years in a prepariatl..Iry
state, Smlirtd. .bt len.pli h have reachedi:maturhiT..
IhL'h iili\ lduals 1 lIo conceived the design, and'.
the incorporated, bodies who- furthered it, have
the satisfaction of beholding a navel .and interest-.
..., spectacle-that of the facuhy, itselfl:by a.s.pon.
Laneous -ffort, and wit:ow!t public summ'jrns, 0o:
..... '.':. :i rj Aj"rl],i -. a Codex Alediiir .en'v.t -
rius, or book of Rules and Directions,iuorai-'atin'"
and compounding the- articles employed in .i'rac-
tice. The whole civilized world may behold a
great and growing nation, speaking a simik.r lan-
guage, possessing the same-general laws, using
an uniform denomination of value, and co:,f.orm-
ing to each other in the riles.'.l r, -.-.- :' h-earthr
and preparing r,..,r, ri1c:
We have appointed a committee of five ninem-
b.ers to superintend the publication of the book.
we have compiled. It may be expected that they'
,will exec-ute their task b i'h ILn. smallest practica-
ble delay. W-e.recommeu. sdt-to y-p'pur-mctl and
patronage as a performance uposm which.we have,
bestowed great labor, and the best ,bilit,. that
we possess,
Under conviction, however, that a .c i'.,r.n
from time to time, will be necessary, we have-
provided for the reception,at seasonable'-periods,
of such amendments as experience shall prove
to be requisite The propriety of this arrange-.
ment, we trust, will be evidcrt-2 to very consider -
ing mind.
In addition to its .professional character, we-in--
dulge a patriotic hope, that our Pharinacopmia;
may act as a bond of union, by drawing the inhabi-
tants and governments of our country to a ne .e:
assimilation with each other.
Done in, and by order of, the Conveidorn.'
THos. T. HEivsoo,.See y.

SAS the honor to acquaint.thecitizensmof WaAhington
that he will. perf:',m on
Tuesday E'...., ; January 11, 1380, atStro:h".r'

his grand exhibition of.Illusions, in Ventriloquism, 6Me.
chanicai Games, and- Philosophical Recreations, as mt.v
be seen .in the bills of the day.
Admittance one doilar--Children half price.
Doors open at 7 ; performance at 8 o'clock.
i'ickets to be had at the bar of the Man.ior. HooLj.
jan 10-2t
fl IU.S evening, Tuesday, the 11th inst. at 6. o'clock,.
v. will be sold at the City Auction lioom, to the high-
est bidder, without reserve,i an inv'ice of'60 Gold and
Silver Watches, of English and IFrench manufacturer.
Likewise _.ome gold Watch Chains, Seals, Kevs, Er -
Rings, Necklaces; 2 gross French. Playing Car.s'S, an I
sundry other Fancy Articles. The wlOple without re-
serve. P, !At-.V' auct.
jan iI-
t ILL be sold,- a- -Ba'es's Auction Roomis, on Tu"l'esd:y
SV lth inst. at early candle light, thl iblluwing Valu-
able books::
' Joseplhus, 7 v:; Iollin, 10 v.; Smith's Wealth of Na-
tions, 3 v; Robertson's. Charles: 5th, 3 v; Marshall's
Washington, 5 v; Pope's works, 3 v.; Malthius on t'opu-
lationr, 2 v; Stewart's Philosophy., Catalogiaes can b-.-m
had on application,
On- i'hursday;
A second hand library of law. books, containing a set-
of the Journal of Congress.

jan: 11-

D.. BATES, auct.

SN 'Thursday, at. Bates's Auction Store, 12 o'clock,
will be sold, at public auction,
1. Grecian Sofa, of the first quality
1 'Lounge, 1 i?.asy Chair, 1 eight day Clock
2 Looking glasses, 1 Cooking Stove, with all the ap- .
.2 Side. Boards. 2 Card Tables, 2 Breakfast Tables
1 .Secretary, 1 Night Stool, I Ladies' Work Stand
2 Beds, 6 T'unks, 4 Lamps
3 pieces coarse Clotri, 5 pieces French chambray
4 do. Handkerchiefs, and 1 gun
jan 11 D. BATES, auct.
Ilrt. Li I1' ; M .i_.LL
[ K-AV.I received by the ship Tobaeco Plant, from Li-
_-il verpool, via, Richmond, an assourtsment' i' very ele-
gaut Outlery and Hardware.
SAlso, by other arrivals, a. g.-,i:r .1 'and extensive as-
sortment olChina, Glass, and'ueaen's -Ware,,which they
offer for sale at reduced prices.
They have on hand,-200 boxes i,.l.,: J.r s, 6 by 8,
7 by 9, 8 by 10, 10 by 12, and will b.. i ,c.Lmi. supplied
by-the Ulster Manufactory, upon terms as reasonable as
any establishment in the District can.offer it. "'Ele glass
is of an excellent quality.
Country merchants and others will subserve their in-
terests by giving them a call.
Alexandria, dec 8-10-w6w

!^- 1 r i- li .. .)>"*r TO W' 'B Elut the people af thec 14itrict are de';iri''ed of seil'-go.
'=" "-~ --- the first Bank of the United States, and the omis- course, our :r....- ",. ih foreign natiiios, a-l ...' *' utthver people. Ticis true Etosmfeiet iiet-bi ie tserle-
OMMUNICATIONS. 'Ioion to establish another similar institutions, simul- their opinions, ,,. cu.tonils, views, smay no, wvore.inntor tha. Art'si n' persons, hien- s, and p.opert.-,
-I- Ii %WoI'iia ior that? Are thC~r p rs,)IS, L:S ll.''st LSI pt ] l l. ~'}~ '
Ul i-A rtaneously to take its place he introduced ,u laind, ai;d proved the gra'v- You compare an i.,i-'.-li,. .,i t to a lrumllnmcr ties less safe on thataccount? Aret'h in.habitantsofanty
S.. I. -It w aws hoped hat Ihe establishment of the se- ofour liiertv, as they have of that of R EFLECTIONS ON THE ITESENT STATE O. cond Bank of the Uii.ed Statcs.wo)ld at once rce -orld ? By swch a"gradual exc!usioi;, would re ....Sillc m ofa ..ory.of!ih.....p. At,..bury, N ,b o- e' i -i p 3ai t r t--
-- I- I "..'. LhIt tthi r 1' opcr01 Ly ? T ih ug -iu (ey0onot p ses t 1[ tt(. i i
TiE L.11 I LD STA'TES.-co5r nT wn. have applied an adequate remedy to the evils e ot alsointrnoduce, b) inmigranit s l-onltietna- having savi d that he prophesied last wInter th a u,tUgh -g .. -. ..S L' I:-" -
.- which had been brougIt on our c;uily by thile i..I,-, of Europe, all the arts necessary to our certain bill would be brought up at the present their three t ,'-", ... ., .1 A I--',', ', .,"..
itbeing, ihen. impossible for any one of the states cessation of the irst. BuIll the disease was too power and to our comfort, and these immigrants session, Lord Coniissby, a hasty man, compared copletely possess 1111 nal the ninoi.regulation:of'their
to establish an uniform and stabic medium of ex- dceblyv seated to be speediiv eladicated,-even if would settle so gradually amongst us as to re- the Bishop to Balaam reproved by his ass. The society, &.n tlienig her ad.;nimsU*tionofjustice, criminal
c h a n g e d i s t i n c t"fr o t h a t o f t h e r e s t o t h e- ,1 r dh o la *o r- c hi i ; th y h a v e e r-, i--.- i ',! i ,l1 F ; ,.e e ,.d ,
change, distinct from that of the rest of the world tht institution had ben conducted with a soe ceivc, and not to give, the a rs to our coun the manners to our co- Bishop, with g;,;'C.atca. ., .. t, .- t nI., ;., o-cd by
a n o t h i r o w n t i n t h s s t s k w h c h c a l , ,e t e C I l ll o t h e rI1 I. h l. l t [ | ,i s t u e .
and of their own nation, this is a task which can regard to the public interests. Uhl.i,-.;.1-e, those try. The time has arrived when it will be ne. bleLord lhas discovered a resemblance between i no .....i I. '.t; .. ,, ..., I.gress-but
only be performed by the government of the U- who vhere first ,.ti-ustcd with the management of cessary to consider these questions. And unless me and Balaami, but, my Lords, I am at a loss tuey are under the speca protection of the a aepresentar
united States, of which each state constitutes a sub'- it, seem to hIav coiiidcirc!, like the directors of permanent mneasu1.-fs shall now be adopted, to how to make out the.other part of the parallel; tives of the Nation : to whom are confided the honor.
ordinate part. Every attempt to do this by a thestate banks, the interest of the stockholders as consolidate the Union ofthese states,by a c,nnec- Iam sure that I have been reproved only by hi e'stctheirlli tbe u 1nsVastaempire.L1 sllch
state must be, s we have heretofore found it, -l, ,i,.-. .,;,i.. I, and its accommodations were lion of the pars founded onu.ual interests, we his Lordship." utin s presenituatitleistrict is considered
abortive and injurious to itself and to the nation: ,, l :. .I .-.. enhance and increase the price can expect nothing but a speedy dismemberment You take pains to prove that despotic govern- t op nov-descript-as in anomaly. This is true-and so
.g,.. .. as a non-deseript--as an anornah, This is trtle--'nld so
if it even possessed the power, which happily it of the st'ock-. in preference to the assisting of the of this empire; and that the different portions of mcnts, by over-issues of paper, depreciate its is, the Constti ofthe United States. We have noLhing
does not, and which is, properly and wisely, commerce and industry of thle nation; in fct, to it will fall first a prey to anarchy, then to des;:o-, value. This trouble were surely superfluous; likeit on therecords of man. ut is it the worse tr,
solely cone-rred on.the governmentof thenation, enable tihe stockholders to sell their stock for tism ; and lhat we shall thus travel thile road of for who ever denied that the excess of any article orijustly regarded as te happiestin mention
Ahich alone can exert it beneficially for the ge- enormous profits, either at home or abroad. The- -pwrccding nations, to ruin and slavery, and from diminishes its value and who ever imagined that s course, and diverted hougs thsometirues bsuct -
nealcoveiec ad ntretsed in its course, and diverted'fr~om the true interest of
neral convenience and interests, painful results are too well known, and will be one happy and united people, be divided into dis- the,paper of a despotic sovereign, the amount otf tle nation, by the ambition and passions incident to hu-
In what manner the national government shall too0 long'felt b thle ration. Even now, under thile tinct, rival'and hostile communities, whose issues were unknown, could obtain public man nature, yet, conducin,, 1 r.: r.a, ,,, .. .,, any
perform this duty is a subject of great import- more correct il lit.,. c,, I which ex ets, it will I I confidence ? Your quotations from theAnalectic unc .1.C .-I .. ... ,IIIt, to t0he I.. ,e, lthi i.. ,..;,,,., i],e har-
ance, requires cleep deliberation and an intimate II t be possible for the institution to fulfil all the Magazine of Decemberlast are rather partially ., 1 I- '. i, ,l. o.li,, t'I a
..... f h aiusitretp rs is a d ldso t e I,__I .Other governMeIatsj li,4..I,q3,,,,complete- el,z,sl.,qior
knoale.lge of the various interests, pursuits, and ends of its establishment, until the local banks FRANCE. made; for the writer states- that Russia paper over every part of their dominion, needed not tie pro-
relations of the different portions of the empire. shliall be put down, either by the power of the na- r. doney, which had amounted, in 1788, to 1,0.00,- vision contained in the Cons-titt.,i ..fh.. i,,,a '.,
Whether it be expedient to confine the circulat- tional government, constitutionally exerted, or by 000,000 of rubles, was five per cent. above cop- Wherever such a government e it,t., i ,, 1 I. ,' I.
ing inedium to the precious metals bearing the their own inability to support themselves. Until "rAs"sr, r rou ,t 'oAr. TNTEL1E NCE, rO[.1 A per c o-ey. The writer whose extracts are tak couldcxcrcise. an absolute dominion over that pa.rt.
impress ,f the nation,.or whether, with the na they cease to exist, in the one way or thie other, '.ne t nt t o s .froI lenrei Stoch'si Cours dEconomie Po- I is not t e s theesatCt f thuin
tional coin, to admit the coins of other countries the present sickly condio.,, of out oneved me-, : I o he oJ 1'rench Industy litique, shows, by an almost universal expc- tIonal Govere nt had been subjected to th e exclusive
according to a certain valuation established by dimt must remain Not ill then will thl.i ; .ttie ec"rre. rience, that th.e .paper of the different conlti- |I,;.I t,,,.,, (rt,,,.1-,::.1 tl,., 1.. it1, i..u,-I -,a. de,,nde'
law ; or substitute paper tolens bottomed on, re- Bank h;e able to supply a general paper inedi- ,ou 'H AND LAST N UMIIEM t. u nc tal governments colsntantly fell in value as t. 1., ... ...... a,.. -i .. ,tI. t -, *. I..,, ,1,,[ ,, ,
pres.unting, and excli:ngeable mination we w'e its quaintitywas increased nd rose in value as its as alli t .. ,'0,,.., .., ... : '.,.. .1 ,i. e ofI"
Sal-n is crditandunefr. in is v-th isto therr pathaexomintloauthorityW I woufl-d.Core
precious metals, or to combine all those modes hue : therefore, at this time, to aid it in its ebrts, going to pursue, of the products of French indIsry, by quantity was diminished ; it affords a.practical tst s.elt :ind i'ecItim to tie wul, andltaulofrity ouldoe
in establishing a national currency. These are it m.avy .be proper tfor the national government to a recital of the glorious. encoirna:mn(s, tit h )s ,jstre- a proof of the theory which te:iches-that, by sy- the subordinate members of the nation : an ida oldv
cmv .!1.,1 j. ,1 .... sit to the halls ofecxhbl inn. ,.1;,.-.:" ,II i Itinf) e u nit op p r ,)o e, .. t.. i eatotaesu -
considerations which will always be duly weigh- issue a paper currency, to a certain extent, paya- Is t ,....... I,, ,,hh we have a temple to ...i tin the quantity of paper oney, iinconsistent .ith national soverreignty. ut "the sig-
--"His e _lchan-eab- va.-I 1,11, .a which weseo hafveh necosenioftucd aproviioniinthfnt' n-
ed by the legislators to whom are entrusted this ble, with their consent, to tha public creditors, collect wikh tthle utmost ,c.curacy, wiI alone fill, and in a di t changeable vaei mui hei raised to ny gesi o e ncssy ofsu a proisio in the -ation-
lmportunt duty. and receivable in the paymentof all public dues, manner no doubt more ,vothy, this fourth number. The conceivable extent." I s stationn, ,' ,:..:._ 5...:..1 -,:l"-' .,.and theory,
From the experience of England, as well as' as it will' probably yet required one or two years jury promise gold medals, but how valuabIe is already. so Your allusion to England does not confirm United States, ui,,/'.i. ,,. i.:., ,... !, '., ,, vencrd ate
our own country, it is manifest that paper tok- for the Bank of the United States to supply a suf- flattering an expression of the interest hgs Majesv feels your reasoning. That she has an enormous d1bt, it was, and dese-ed to be, throug-iiout America, was is
eas, representing truly, anld .l,,"I, e ;Ilk. for the ficiency.of their notes, even .under the most. wise i"' behal rtheartists and manufacturers.l is admitted; that she is over.populous. is also ad- the orderly er ty of ,, ,.J.l,,i., ...,d by a mutinous
~~~~~~~~~~~After addressiugecong',"at'ahttioOlasto stver'd mnemhers f .. I;_.,db jtbu,
precious metals, wh.ch are money in every part and steady management. But, it may be asked, the Central ury, who ad been resentedd by Count de mitred; but she is also the most productive na- military iorce, and an attempt m.de to. dictate to them
of the world, add much to the convenience and can the Bank of the United States locate its Cazes, his Majesty s-d to Count Chaptal: To Frennch tion; ani bank notes set all hands to work. ,.If t masuresbted t ickJoirotheiraon The autho-
facility f commerce. Therefore tl,i- i',',. ill l. s branches in so many places as to render them industry you aire dpoie much good.. Your son, 1 know, you were Minister, and.to order a specie cur- :The Cong.rss,.... .,, ..".1, 't elio
sI .won hl), ,or v M n s cr n .6 rdr. pe ie. ''Ie(OJ,` S '_1 .1. ,' 1-' II,'-'" i"'T.' '-' t C, l e ICse e,
been adopted both in this country a -.- I, I .l.-.l,(I, suticiently convenient to every portion of this is fil,,%,,;' your example, and I bestow on him se o- rency,, you would see her i machinery stop, like and ofa Roman ';,, .-...-A -1. ,i b- ,,.: Li l., I ,I s ,.,
and most beeficitaly in this country, ; lt,- as expanded nation ? and will not local banks, sub. nirf the'erioi hmost "........ .I l **... a watch it its ;iai, i. broken. What then i andrehred to d uhcrations free. -it. r,,. ,,h i,, ,,
the'Sfirst charter of the Bank of the Urted Stiteg -sidiary to the national establishment, be necessa- sha "lli' ." ,I.. 1.1"- i mte the ordinaace." would c the picture of England ? It is not fair & ; deeraons ree tw r., [n. id,
I. -- .1 T 7 ,I'.1- -,e i eo a, ~- ror .a u e. !'that tile present onistiluti uo t -f ,.;,IL I'llt,, ', ."S t.J,-
existed. But when Co:ress i.u:s, l.' i .-,.'.LI ry ? It may at once be answered,thatthe Bank.of T1-. ..I .,, .. ,;It silver, madeby Mr. Oint to argue against the use of a :,,.- fr'om its abuse. I;porgegaos .t ...,. c.
to renew that charter, and omitted to. -.,i.:-i; u, United States cannot locate its branches so tihe -1 '"l-. I '.'. several fine specimens of si.!-I Homno's plan .to establish a Board to lend paper i vision necessary to ,tle saf ,, ,..* I ..r.,IT.. II,...., Provern-
,:r..oi,:, .'. .. *.." .,zoli's a1:11sterls ; tile forili- a'i ep rc n:W l a e fo o e n e t.h lnadw~~lcrb ar d it fetwtotro
another equipotent substitutite to take iit p....-, :.-, be colivenient to every district of our coun- h I ... .litd y atrfive per cent; will take from goveriiient. -the ment, and wich can be carried into effect without via-
when it, ceased to act; when the states w, '. r,.::- ,%, and that local banks, subsidiary to the na- cIah'. 'I0 '," .... ", I ,agnuficenllt appearnc power of over-issues, anid leaves the quantity to fIence or injury to any of the essential privileges f the
mitted to usurp) .the power to create with, thlh,.'r n,,i al establishment, are indispensable. But than afor is ".., I. -.,n.,,-. r. Utschneider's fin,: be regulated by the dead.L which wil be limit- e nizbntsof ete Dstetof wc oena1, as1 members of' the
"' "". : Aniir~iean nation. But even 1if"L, ev be de.,rived in apn,
respective limits that multitudeof banks, .Ihich ht-Ii. I, ll naturally spring np, from the necessity earthen wore .'.. ,, ,'.I.- P.l.' hi-w stones ; the hall ed by the rate of interest; the power ofborrow, : ,.,r-., -of'those pr.viileg,. ti.eyae.otso
we have seen spread themselves through .. of them. But-Ict them not be pri--l.: cor"po- Clina, pre.erabl,. n b. .t i ng h pipe clay; the inu, and of rcdeneing ,pledges, is in individuals. ',." 1;.' !ti'a.n .,. .1e .. real evil. Andevenif
', s" '' ...I- lr( Ce arp(-ts of' ,I7 ... ,. .. h .-w1 .I-n d -o i a fy u w Ihr in i id a s il iv .1 i,'t u t _: .- ,' .... ..""tine i
section of the country ; whei thesee banks wwere .ration-but consist of individuals, or associations y. ,n ', '... A A 'esof'in elailcn Ps 1 I lofyoi, whether individuals will give a-al eiil,'it'ust L ..' ,. e.. *in inevi-
permitted to circulate, as money, paper .tokens of individuals, forming, as in E.ngland. private of',srs. NasO.ei :_ au;x,a:..d other !' ,d securities, a;dI pay five per cent. interest, tabWe one, without tie", existence t 01...1 '1, present
i Ws -n -s~ty, a;"l f, -.-._ '--_,,-;.I:,l.,;...,,I. i C., Utnacol
which no longer reprre.sent.d, and t,;otil no longer banking houses Let then), like other dealers, be heads of our ........... ,t ,-. ,,** have oM- after -when the same currency can be obtained on ,much att.s sould not exist, V I. .:,:tI ,.'.:. fI':,,v 1',1 ..-c
be ex-hanged at par for the precious metals; it responsible to'the f:ll extent of their property another, attracted the ,ii'ce of'his Majesty, wvo d(i:."- iower terms ? Come to the poin --answer this to',he nation. But what.-, ->,,' ,.',,- .i L/ '":-d'r
~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ .I d, hv the motst enc;,,'a~ig } x ords, to eC:pr('s 11h3S%11 -1 u s-il.ESC ol e i-1- 1,,-,0--h ...rIr
was then that a fair, just, and uniform medium for their engagements; and let them enjoy to its "' to the m at e"r"ing1 h ords,'lc expr. H ha san s- question. ESOP. would be ...:,, .n, o..,,,. ,..: b. .... t.,-,r ,-1:--
cf exchange ceased to exist; it w-s then that lull extent the benefit of their credit. This will riu o be ii rcen vase e /erci befor suggested; and all wild that
paricuar wio o Tie 1Teillifl of, a. te __ _.r1TILorkd governm7ent,- I; ....-,'..'..-.I / '
chaos.in the currency of our country was pro- seldom be more than they decrvc--%1ill be con-, ,a meiia discovered i.v "ir. 'agslin, uhich, for .he first ,IMI p t r oet i, t retroede, t th t fa
duecid, from which now it seems hardly possible fined to certain limits within which the iiidii;d i. i;imehu;. be]nnlde iseo;fi, the manuficloryol .Sc-vres. CONCERNS OF THE SL-T'ICT OF COLUMB.'A. ry::ii d, itpal.ro- ihe Disri-iet Of..,, .e I!li, .). h'd
to extricate it, a;s shall be known, but limits suftliciently cxten- Tlhe Ki',, then, uei\'y examined sever-l pn-1 north- 'the Potomac ad west of !.., c,.... l,,l,.l'.
dnlunis, eht'.It ruth, !":;M;"..1; tile .;sfronom'ical and eo'do.. iet wIo telgt w n t l: 1iin hti -ta .
I here seems to he but one w.ode of doing this sive for the accommodation of the districts in s'I1 ,i 11 icl isto;,.ijt o, M enor;Pcvr~il or~s 'l"'C C -District 1lyin1KsSalim of' the i (oa ean icldi- h
-that aplin and simple one ; tllough perhaps, which they- may be established. Let those laws, ciutler"y, t'lo'best one at t !tirlme in ,urope, am l s District lying sut1 of te toac, and including the
in ti opinion of rliay, too hard'sh t) be resorted the reliic:s of a barbarous age, a vilge, ive o tl: c ;of' the had a ci'ersa'io i of somn leleng'th with Mr. lte'nier, to M:IIy questions occur during' every session of Con- seld ,O": .. / ~, -'o; .' ',- oftI..e ist-ict ein-
to : Let Lh,I nation.Ti gover'irnt instantly exer rights oftLie citizen, wiiic.h exist in some stai:'.s, n**ho'rn he 'tei;',eI to1 make a most hionorablc a iplic-atiomi grss, concerning thie Distr:cl. of'Columbia, and very no. elusive lcgislaiou of aongrcss. I ,,s ,rtu, w0
cise tlhei power, which it solelyt possesses, of l e- and which prevent iindhiduals from usiIng- tiei" or the ir ',.; cessarily occur, as it torms the seal ota: the national gov- diinnish he t .t,,S.a.i,,. ,1, ,'i.1' it ,emote ti', I ,'-.
"" T h e r i ck C I: ( c; u o l e e h o f t i le e h r l s t a l s o f .M o u n t ( en s ; c 1- : 0 .1c ,1 1 a l i t is s .nj c t o th e e c le u s iv e l e g is l a i cti lon f a I C : .. .: e ." :, i ,I ,_ .. i l w,, .1 4.: = 8 I~ l,., ii o v -e r fI n n, -, ; h ri .:
gi.a...ng thle nati,,nal -cuti-inev; let it prohibit! funds and c credit as bankers, be a niillerd.. nCh The ti iclte cth,, th. :ci e .hrysls. of ount Cenis n(: lgen.: and is soject to 'he exclusive legislation of h d n .: i.' ... i," e..n h tn over unou- i .o rt -
the staes fromn all)ny longer usl.ng this delicate banks will be safe; they dare not over-trade; they t^'h n cibte by .s In tr Ir fi-,In-y b e, ai ir d lalo ? essent ie extentortabourOf that
a"dl imilortait power, which ha, bcen wisely en- will be Lseful : they will trade in the national at t M (Darti.;-,.'s ; besideses two spln<1}id chan.deI eri s a tk.ntion occt.iied by the .....r I., g'eaterintrcr, s of g rn this reomint]s t he t .! ,.,. r' ,lu bi;a to
trustI.d to the Congress of the United States, and currentcy, or in their own notes r-edlenabie in the r 1Ik c w'*d!, hi<-e been ,hi oabtis of the most attcn- ti i Lnmcse ernpir'. Is there no method to be found ,, .",, :.,,..I systemn for a part, woutd retire as niuch
can only bebeneficially applied by it. They have national currency. -,ie exaniuitiio, ,f Is M:Josiv. out b)y which t.helir duty to the District of coliimbia mav I 1,,.. ,. ,.,, 1,..- whole: so that Congress would not be
.tv l e c, t- r w~s \ h e tr e lir e t o b e f o u ld fi le 1 ) v' I ), I i lb -I' e ti .w i t h o u t t h -c n c : ,i t "; t o o t e l l O i l t h a t 1. 4 1 0. O J r e l i e v e d f r o m t h e i r b u r t i en b y ,t h i s p r oj e c t i t w o li t o .
endeavored, by the establishment of the present Som e may object, that this system would be too ,)products of ou ri a e i l) t i lj 1 l t ti""e relievedtroi tleir burtien by tahisehproect. It w.o.ild
\ t r es\pi i e a co ',t t v l'. 1,[ is re tq uir ed fior t h~ e m o nm e to u sIEa rila nrs o f th e n a-]tirll.e s m r u l a im ii p t m s m x e s~ o
Bank ofthe United States, to introduce, -hrough strict ,in.im tion oftation of that of England. nt fro King has admed quality, c lor, desi, a'ld diver- t e l- tind the sae trouble, and aps't same expensene-
its a .io'hinielieahayI,;`o govern. a part as, to govern the Iwhole,
its agency, an universal paper curecy repie- what oiher nation can lwe draw so wany lessons sity ofthL: wnrks whirih were p-csentcd io him. He has I appear,, to the writer that ,the subject admits of a i 1'is- are tie Onyoxpedtswhich seem to have
senting .and exchangeable for' the metallic medi- of commercial wisdom ? What other naioin has pIar "tticularly examined lihe pr.o,[u'cts of Messrs. G;ros Da- a,. ;,,,t,,i convenient ar;'.r;'ngenent. /- s Io thos, goene-ral ccium ld to the "inovrtius ii thie District of Columbia
,t.sit h s. snrl ui-c d t-) ulti b e le i l no-W Oin tieD s~itO ou ba
umn of the world. To use the words of a la,:e been able to sustain so certain, convenient, ald ana d I k', win-th s, a,.g-s., HIn, hl, os .,.i.tores; isan ela.;v lto t-e protection ofte rightils of person Th iei isuwoul, be pernicious to tae District-the lattes
writer on this su!tiect, in what manner can the uniform, a medium of exchange ? Whatolier na- Iekel'h 'ed :'* i e hioly, 1nd ,l .-. wkt'nan Ic 1'ty,1' tse a-\ pre y s.imm 1 h l'e iay so.ns woukln te.ibi.is the .ors orthe care ofCongress.-.
establishment of an utnaiversal paper m medium of tion has been. able to maintain such an extensive were suffSic;ent for" tihe support of tilose ,workmen. TheI 'I ic ilsidlc o .,; ,;,.; I l cv inTo he : lo ri ri ti op b J be ti.w. .d.upo b th-e
exchange, representing the metallic medium of circulation of a paper currency, always equal to King'said to Mr. Ob 'kamlpt, junior, "I was acquainted ,I ,, U "ml. ... .... ce t e toerhe "..be.,., b r dhs
ex ,.Wms "llNI,.,"''- .-i-Rll, ia sire1} I. .. : .., f.fects. Fersan As, to reu'ocessiotu, it mat' be seribusly- doub,,.vd lwhe-
the world, throughout the United States, be in- that of the precious metals ? Fas est. Cab /0oste wt your lther. I have seen his num.tfia.et.ory in is in,- a,d ;,opt:, a', ..'c gecrali\ w,I I prt.cited in every stmae. thIerCogress, havihaig accepted of the i sU'ictofCoim
jurious to any particular state ? VWill it affect doceri." .tancy: iy g- overnr htook me there ofton, and ne fa'1- The ,oNist eetu way -''"e d to m al re m e r e rn ark th a t vN ou r iltht -cr n e i-er b c g a n b y ]aox s i}, .' t ih }s d iSt IIer, w i f u r" U )h e ir g ra d ta l a inme nd e It, ,'IaS tile p e r m ia n e n t se at uf .t he G o v e r i-. e-o f le I, ( ,.
any political right ? Will it interf-re with any It was by adopting every thing which they e.. .;... and predicted to me that lhat Cutiousas t,v ncr,. ri, dfteir alamendent, aste peranentseat ofh.te wGove oft1 ri.
civil right ? Is not such a medium important to found in the institutions of f foreign nations, better manufacturer would hnilke his ic:-tu!e b" being useul to inualy re ie, let congress pass- lae suthoric tyittota sttres tha wlle ven e bdvib-
the interests of every state, and ver y ery individual than their own, that the Romans attained their his own contri: this prediction its been f-ilt rralize1." fithe; wnal clec!ion ofthre- persons by the county of A- tiler,the seat oftihe Governme't having been So establish'
The I',--z- 1, remnarked the pro-dicts of the ,rcm xal j rIathe persons Iy thilt part of tile eonnit of CIL under the solemn sanction of tile Constitution of. tile
of it ? Is it not important for each state, that its unexampled grandeur and power; th'ey were not Ish ,- an temaked tie- prdcts .. riyal .xznia, threi' person ly tieat part of tile county of ed under the solemn sa.ctton of the Consteitution nof then
.-edium of exchange should be the s ime with toop proud to be taught useful lessons, even by ,which tile ha\e ve tfan-red thore ,a st ofRock 'A. t wbich ocf'leat s the citnv Uit)ed States, can gw ibchip ngad, exept yan amend-r to
that.of every o their state-in fact, that its money their enemies. plimentedthe arentices and three".,. e......, were eashin s f ocr e p, w ih includes l f dalttot sa cs tgarn'.n ps ouwert
should be of.the s.ai.e value-in evc:y part of the These desultory remarks might appear incom- present,. of George town. Let these ine individuals meet nn- but as points worthy of t isouseectn ru ts
nation a, within it ? Can this be eCtciCLed without plete unless.one or two other topics were cou- ''I e,. ,. 1:llingat the headofthat.niaificent lly, on the iirst M6nday of ovem.ber, fo r the purpose who may be called upon to act on the subject
a national coin, or a paper always the true repre cisely adverted to. .." .'. ", : .. ,oesso m( .o.or. tle ge- of revising he genera! laws of the district, andofpropos- But why attempt to retrocede ? If the power be doubt-
"" Y .... ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~nius of,'vr. Fon!:ahn,, ihe monarch iaditiressea to thlat a- ;11"' suc lterakk',tionls aS y1r. ntm o ieb/iei'l a ntesaeso'igno'h Mrln;oihr
tentative of the national coib ?i Will it not be The necessity of facilitating the intercourse ble architct the ost flatteig t r t se e auy m te te eome fl may notdafterardsthe states of Virginia ad Maryland, or either,
n 'ss . be ,. ,sibi tedtoCo -vss refuse to take~back any part aef their cessionss. if' they
beneficial to a state to collect its revenue in such a between- the il,.,, ,, portions of thisisimmense examined the optical instruments of'Mr. ch>o':c. forthe approbtin, and if ., : become ,.,.,. re use to take b ack any part of their essiontract, if they
medium ? Will it not be beneficial to e'ch empire, by means of canals and roads, properly ( The linen cl6th of all kinds, the products of the fine t e v ') district.BBy such a system te People o'f they uattempto coere thie measure'? And if either
citizen to have the value of his property mea-. directed, is now to.o universally felt and acknow- malufactories of StQulentin, te cotton rycambrick, lawns, ,ie district :will have it in their power to have a regular state refuse to take back, will that portiaonso refused
sureci by- such a median, ? Will such a me. lodged to need here any illustration. aceschemire shawls, ately made itlte woofthe formation of the hlaws by whch their per- be regarded as derelict without as r o.wh a
diumn deprive, any state of its political lights ? There is another primary object of national Thibet Goats; plain or figured silks, out of the manufaci b. aI rpishet, thro'h all bhorized andd regular e e- tilept to retroceied, if the diicultisexisting as to th
WVill it not still possess the power of legis- economy, on which the same unanimity does tories ofLyons, havesiucessively been the subjects oftile dit, with aconcis coil, aod distinct view ofal te government of the Dtrictdcan be readily remedied int
Iaung on all subj.'cts within its proper sphere ? nolit exist-namenly, the encouragement of internal judicious observation of his Majiesty. Thle inhabitants of su!Jects devolved on it by its power of exclusive le- tihe miode which has been r., t lin this p- the
thaoinusteou ciy'lroe ben onoef wteth a'snutt0n.E ,enif these ])ile Persons Shall be paid out har-monlyof tile pats romtelan t0rliery.
Wil.not the People still possess the power of manut actures. It cannot be denied, if we anntu that mo ustrious ioos h ve been honored with the re si- on. Even if these nine persons seiall be paid out harmony of the parts pr more electing their rulers in the same manner as here- ally import a greater value of foreign articles a pricuar i ds tisat eroon he etlte ust:iionld Treasury for their services, it s presumed property rendered more secured ? l l te
tcbre ? Can such a median control the judicial than we export of our own, that, to that extent, the numerous and tich products of MNr. Jerneau are ex-I tin'tsarnt o, "e. to. y -en there
tribuials ii the performance of their duties ? we must become indebted to foreign n.aions ; to hiiti,,g, the tine-keeper (f) of Mr. Brequet. the p:1 viewsand local: r, hic arcotiSall t i ilenseTdingtresidenceiheDisf t eiof Coluila;
Such a medium, therefore, has in its character that extent must our country be exhausted of the Thenext room, lIs Majesty took notice of the fine pressed on their atten.tio; bv particular individuals, or anld -.T.-,'- f-7-r-i ,, "-,.:. ',,I ne to haces
physical a~~~~~~~~henexdromtisckalistuents tok" nroticerof the isn'~-tl ,roaebdointetretwsenvhnecc,,,. I :' ..... r .... ,r,,n aitseing prohabhe
nothing thai is evii, but everything that is useful precious metals to pay themrn, or to that extent phy hal nopticalinstrumentsof Mr. Tecker, This art- the c.rporate bodi es, in the three towns conpreliended becc n s'. v o. I -." to s as't ti'.m 'th fr
and ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ it hein? xs nasaeo rbtr eedneo hn tlaving preseted toethe King several Small opera it, tile. district. It is very well known that tnese trefo hencsiyothh- t. ,in .111, .oseProin t .sfo
and be!,.ii-n ?" exist in a state of tributay dependence on the ^ coosd hc e^ l ^ l (; utl "tc! tf v' c1 owla tfuflree fr:)m tlhe necest of things, to search in1 tieSaes fo
an bi;;n?' eit na taeoftrhtaydeeneceonte~,glasses composed of three tubes, whlich glhasses M can o\\'ns, as in all similar c_'ases, 6sappose they have adverse persons to fill thsofie*,wohv egtat h'e
B i:: imu,t be confessed, that, owig to the in- It has been, for more than a century, a cardinal disposed of in the gross for thirty sous a niece. illa-anld rial% i nterests. .Novt ever, ;,t:;lded tet this i- ter is t those states, and ca bring thatv weight and charac-
corp-ration by the separate states of thatmultitude point of the policy of every nation in Europe to esty has tried one by directing it towards a window pi.ssion is, it nevrthcless prevails, nd has a pern cOs ter to the aid of e A nitat we and her
oftianks which have existed, and now exist over diminish the value of its imports, and to increase vheretwo ladies, relations to Mr. Tecker, were stand inthlilence on their conduct, though! a more correct. view qu lified in other respect e)inferior in this ihrt
~~~~~~~~~~~Ing.. returning the spyin.i -glass, tile 1 l~i~,, sato d ter ncrs.0ui o'!e itemt .tth ,'otho
our laud, and permitted by the national govern .ihe value of its exports. Therefore, .every sioe- t1Pe ldies IbII yu pain, lies ul, thess oght to teacthe that" "ot of ant requisite, the citizens of' ambis can never 0op
oent, such a mass off bank notes has been circa- cies of internal industry for which each nation is glass brings nearer tO y ev es such areeable ob s e h is the prosperity of ewleoach; II', praihert, of such preftesr,,ens. iht iu ls toa reve which it ise
late under the authority of' the separate states, fitted nmets with the most marked enciourage. w.th regretceese to make use of it." issch a n ui-y pahy tbte;' n al the iprt nofhetu^ poti, r oestien e andi thi dals ts ranreve, bi cwanoon
through the agency of these b.hks, as to create,n ment. It becomes, then, a question which me- Mr.Werner's handsometfurnitureofindigenonswoodas thatone part canot sufferwith'out a correspondcingsu der .ses ir oCe;:ses e.....T '"o dou
and maintain tor a long time, a swollen and dis- 'its serious consideration from ,1..-, ".&. r our well as the vase, table,&cupoftialachite metal, marvellous feri.g iq the (.t:,. l ,arts, and one part cannot lthrise the Treasury of the United St to,.ted valuation of every product of labor, and of safety, independence, and prosper y, do not re- bronz cIso..ani, la" veacttat i t's t cr.spotsri in t otr e 1 stitutons, oIc o f
every species ot property; aand, in tlhs view, it ',.uire the same attention to our internal industry attention. M'r. Boucher^aswe enteitonebeforsel, h's h'td tict, her itersts uetu aj o ades [tstI as laldm! of corn leasatin for thlo
may be regarded as an act of injustice to reduce which is manifested by all the governments of the honour of makingan experiment of Mh.. Chanot's vio. exist, and unfit the i to unite in a general !oral g 'uht Ia t hs
this state of things to the standard of ;,lh and a..Europe. .lins of a new construction, in the presence of the King-; vervnie.t. T'h pr',c-r before proposed wounli Tr- Congress is bound 'to n1
silver, thereby sacrificing the igno rnt ,nd in- itfthere could !b a c:my iocnwea.t! ofnation.%, or a"dIr. Diotha ofibreat" him a beautiful copy of La "ieve n tronu ,- the nine pesons chosen to re- exit Uheexpense of
prudent debtors t. their more ssy, wily, and sa- the drear alternati'ven,.a;,onl:. ; ... .. e e,,. ghad r.kwis mruec remakedthe & vise the laws, would haveeno po\'cr to tax the luopl,.--- posed on the inhal D"
gacious creditors; in .fact, consplling, the former S the wrhl be su-jected to one yule, as uder the .. .. .. printer's others, of Mr. Mol^pe, cheirddy e\ 1nld efiee tSt ,. a 1 rs ; sder hs .
to pay to the latter double or quadruple the value empire of the Ro,iaus, a sacred protection of the -.'- I -, ..... .h sugar loaves of the purest white, in which h ecath indivihul in t disoet wouldave te '. '
of that. whidh "hey received. This is a crying rights of oropertyv. combihied with the se~f-iiter- >ut ofr a mrnu'hiac'oryoo Count Ceiaptal, and refined ae- sa:ne interest-mtios regulations whihli provide }f,- the tonuned npoi.
mischief, which but too univest,..,ly has resulted esst of ech uingividual,. his ,. sara t,, s .; d ,i ;t'" press." L o thit oentie o", His Majesty hus ex- ibe.r tecurtiyof b i esrif)tsof prsoe au;lprvope ">t po,. s,,t p:,;in; ;o
from the usurpation by th stat .so the power to might be sufk.ic:.t to direct the me s gcr ol" '..viscoev andprais holspersevera) ees ceiefepreadint it wuk ^ :..\s to la mesurest ,.t wise suhrnsio o s tvn- sato th ets
incorporate banks. of discount with peculiar pri- ry porti<.n of the world to that purstia which application in France, l sp reaclr.,ns iatgo cl^ ,ensu, !utm the rvsions, of tyer ld in is
vileges-more especially that of binding only the would be most beneficial to itself and to the rest Some specmens of gelatine, obtained by a process of ,septi sncoor jont stock of the bani. to the payment of its asbts. of mLnkind But this is a theory which cannot Mthat ceu, d emry woued to ts e Kn'm ore obseorve t o ses provision n-,sal be a m de that lhe instrbicpnis of each iwgle vIn tle
It is tlue that many of these banks were, in the be reduced to practice in the present divided, ,artsuc ascol pryoldo ato the lc, nty shallay bedeeme choose anint d',istrn c person has ington, th e sa
beginning,: i words at east, bottomeed on a ca- jealous, and rival temper of the world. All that wholeome p ablep food t the p txeso necessary thereno, o la y : apestion te o the ste
pital of-gold and siver, and were bound to redeem each nation can do, is to realise it as to itself, and His: M\iest,'s visit into the rooms of the products of 'Bv sune asstev therdistrict may have all the benefits !vces, les
their notes on presentatiqu, by payment in those perhaps no nation which ever existed, can so pro- French industlrv lasted five hours. The manufacturer, of a safe, free, and wise h-egisation-will be preserved wh <1 n
metals. eut therexigenciess 'f esilate warunwere per'y andsafely pursue this policy, as the United thvored \nith manyesp rsionstof stihmetooio, hav beene. o thoseir .'oa jdltheir interests, o rnicthe national a f
m. ......s orthsnbnk i c laeoby Stat'es fvorenee whith mayxress0 wions of! aifcino be' fbrgtenet theistre relieved anor th)eiritrss t hezing ional tultitle,"f
to ';fuse. spece. payment. This conduct was It is a question, then, worthy of serious consid- Wewillntatpt dessribethe;npresospr ed ^ 9. rievdTrom e .r. ... f y pp
tacitly submitted to, as a measure of necessity, eratioli, possessing the finestpornion of the globe, v them, on those wh.o have witnessed this noble and woud recr, ... hl se tain utnj n s e
An excessive paper circulation was the cons with all the variety of climate necessary to; O-I.'"' .,,',_-see,.....e,...... Frnce, scarcely Cnterin.. in tle en- (brimation of the wan's and wishei.ofthe district. M:a.v mob and t

fl..,,... a dC" m nr of ner.domestie freedom, still cf. ;eng III 'ed e- p,'ojcols have been propo~sed. to relievNe the ft'cied stlfl' l ife V o!,.o

by borrowing' tlt' notes and ushng the credit of c~ommrnt ee.wouid render tus moist sate, most in'- "is;'0"'^. uie.. cmini- s.,on t "a is moare wou'id ti~l he obliged lo revise thie "-ls oi'thi>s ,. .... -.......
thesequ e an s, tOa oban r 11 i i npat, in the uhe pacs of ca t- .ep edeot, lo-f)st w-ealitv, oSs t hapa and i "... .. nieut, ;:u. ether cotirn r annul tem. is '. ,,, ,i;

rying on the war. Thef necessity y of this ,icsor( lawful war, a war of'defence, most t t owcrfui rhisicradle is destiny ld e r the child, f tlle ]) ,tchess caid vt i-as o i subject the two towns o" A liexah,'ia and ,I, ;sik
o1t'lamerrtt. "% i se- p cts-e n'.!o tof ,he enmr sin a taOblig ed to rev e t e an cih o pubio l re
asby borris now u niversal oanicsed pg the credit ofn comi s erce.wso uld rendert o srinost dsehetin n,,nA nrt thenetm1,rto ie m ere thetn tpou l to dtl envrreintohae and oi th stis lt o d wi
these banks, to obtain, in part, these oeamr info hcat d upndeit, must wealthy, miost hap'pryand, ill ..oec1oaul tim. i
trying on the war. The, necessitLy of this Iresori, Ilawful war, a war ol'defence, Most powerful. -y.ral sdstndfrth hloth uces n ohf''ette w on o lxyri n i
aS is now un'ver.sally confeSSed1 proceeded from Ift s al.,o a subject of serious dellb 't of erth e o..rgetolin tothus enverteasing and omand ustwil vte o Will
t refusal o Congress to renew the charter ofl wvhcther, through ou lorign cnerce, and of re-ncnmeciselyt ".. w1 1t ii. now only jeIlosyand rivals'ip. F maid s