National intelligencer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00024
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: January 4, 1820
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00024
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text

I -~


Vol XXX.

o~P. ~s;B.

- ------

PUBLIUSHED BY GALElsb SEATON. Thefloorsof the principal stories of thebuild- quarter mniastes not lolling- commissions in
TaREE T IrES A WEEK .w.iR u- sssIos. OF .cosGREss ings, and which are supported by th.e roineld the hine, but acting under warrants fiOim the,
AUD TMWi-c WEZK Ix T i RECEss.. arches of the basement, have been laid with stock head c.,' that bt anch of the _'-l '5; uiion-m.f .et. s
Pricef'ora ~'.jr,-, i.r dollars Pauk i,.;a..ti.:.. brick. Cut stone cills have been put to all the and W i i,.r: for.c, ..n.. 11 :ck-i.. .: .,r-
Ti"r i'rx m r::a, fou dollars i, door-ways of those stories, and they form a 1,ait ificcr-, -oc as cat n'c- .. .c.; h' .l l n ILI,,
Those subscrifingbforayear, whodoot,eiherr at te ttr,. o o the general floor. The door-ways and f in.' emplc6 .. in uhe qua, t.] -i.-. ri. le-.. ,t, ino
-err mrpupr,c ,r subrse,,.r, gic-ve noteol,.,-ll ,,I dows have been trimmed with jambrs, lini,..- nd the tran,-,,'ta.Luor, ofi tro..i : f .aili .r tr,:-.
to arve di paper discotinued at the CexpirN.orl th.ir ) u.,i -architraves. The doors have been made, hinted, Thos i ho belonged .. r- t .-)r., i. ". nh:-
%vill fie presuned as desiring its oontinuince .n.icouniter- and locks put on. The window lhtittcrs of thie tary forces oftvel v dri trplit.t, r:it;m under thil
ro e d it ,il ,.co n.e rdircipal st ly hcave been i ina.e and hlung in tuo ihe.ho, ,o,, 'r. com n' -.i .. I b Ihe ,.*....1. IvCt
of theedtor .h ig. htgh Two stoiics of stairs, of five flii;lihs to a s'.:,-,.id n-,t hI;. (t'..i C andr tl..e .' .1
PUi I B. "LDI(.' 5 c- acli btoty, i.ha e been pit: up in eachll o Ith.. il- l:,elcn n : I c.rps f.r i i. t ce, : :. it i. ch
Lres,with mahogany hand-rails, balusiteis, z:c.- as were Lecc.-iiizced, .y '.hl. L'..r..; ,'I l.-I
iess 'e from the Presid'ewt of tI United a.I:'l, The garret and second story floors have been laI. in,i on thii continent-l :.::. ..I.tteIt..
rao sinittinsg a -Re'port of the .Comme0 issioner of ofbeiSt .5-4 leart pine, and the whole ofthese ,sto- li.,se uwho Seri, ed i' pI a .1 r;,, 1i -i.imin v. .
t' the 'ubic aluildihs. 'ries.counter-ilor.red and piu l, ed, tuo uatd agaiiit sheIs beiini despatCp.L 1.1 I'. :t. croi.rit -t "
To the ate and Houseof The ashhave been :Ld u i h Li -t .). I-l ..-r. -. ... 1 .i. .: I .
..o. ...... ttiv i United States. tt o l oTh' s,"glash, hand bee 1 i to th ..iii oH do,-.., on boi rS .,l nJitonal v^., t: .. 1 ..,;.. a' ,*,"":*' ,"
..I transmit to Con. r m Co- .c. on the intid o, f te buildit-, 1ha,.. tains'clerks, &c. are also excluded.
missioner of the Publc Buildings, which, with been pl'i.,,ld two conat, :,nI all the wood work on Fu:,l'I, those "wh,.-, Ih,.iAl Ah.v ti .. .. i ,.,e
the accompanying documents, will exhibit' th e the outside, three coats, un oil The walls and months, did not so 'ei e "% cr oile teil>'.,.'-,.
present state of those buildings, and the expendi-. of the ooms, pasgeS, nd stair-ways o ari a fyotr iiry, "heter
tures thereon, during the year ending the 30th of have been plaistered three coVt.. 'the olijets Cor.t,-fiil,"d by ita p .., have
September last. JAMES MONROE. Of the additito to the ;!'.: at the west end cj' been, or probably will be, .il. :,. I i.w. ti,: c.pera-
Washington, Dee. 24th, 1819. the President's louse. ,ions oftl, law ;and, if r.,,, ,., sus-1
S- The foundation has been dug out and the earth ceptible of such amendments as will ensure the
Office of Commissioner of Public Buildings, carted away. The walls, which are of br:i-, ac'co'npiishlnnt of those '. j -t'," it will be pro..
Washington, December 24, 1819. have been carried up to the-full height, and ti, per li consider those who were intended to be be-
The Commissioner of the Public Buildings in roof, or inclined plane, put on and covered with nefited by theact.in two dirlcrit-I ch r?',-iers ; st.
the City oF Washington, has the honor of sub- copper : with copper gutters and water pipes.- Whether they were of the description ofperson'.,
mitting to the President of the United States the The colonnade of six Tuscan columns, with and performed such military or naval service, as
nricksed paper-, marked A, B, C, rxlibitin the plinth course, bases, and capitals, and the cills is corin'r-nilati: by the act.; and, 2dly. Whether
progre-i, made in, and expenditures on account and heads of doors and windows, with the para- they are in the condition of ife, as to property,
of those buildings, during the year ending the pet, all of cut stone, have been worked and put which. -Congress intncii.I.l. It is believed that,.
30th September last. up. The gates and doors are made. The sash under thefirstdescription,.the objectofthe'act has
Respectfully submitted. SAML. LANE. and thewood work.of the stable are in forwardness been effected ;.and that very few frauds have been
[A.] and the whole of that work can be finished in attempted,/and of those it is believed that'none,
r VA.-yIit,"pA--Ior va fet1q h ,; d r' -- i Iillf.

SaXUEI LANE, Esq. onm 12 to 1 days..
Commissioner of.Public ,It.J'..:. Of the Gates .and Railing'north of the PiAesi.
SIR: In presenting a report of the progress of dent's House.
the work on the Capitol of the United States, ac- The pedestal work, which is of granite stone,
cording to annual custom, permitmeto congratu- has been completed, and the coping, circular,
late you on the completion of the public rooms and straight, with the piers to the carriage and
and of the necessary offices for the reception of foot-ways, all of cut stone, have been prepared
both Houses of Congress. The work has been and put up. The iron gates to the carriage and
well executed, with great solidity, and with an at- foot-ways, and the iron railing, circular and
tention to convenience mid cl: a.cie, which make straight, have been put up. The area.north of 1
the arrangements for the National Legislature the house has been graduated, and the carriage 0
equal to those of any other country, and which, and foot-ways formed and gravelled. Posts have
I hope, will meet public approbation. been put up, to be connected by iron chains, for
The work on the centre of the Capitol has also the protection of the foot-ways, c.
been carried on, du.trring t!h, pat ,t.asoi0, in il -t%.I. All which ri,.cr ttfullh submitted, by sir, your
-onorlnIable to the other -it of lthe .uil-. inhL obedient servant. J..M.i 1 HOBAN.
'lie walls a'e raised to tie itklght cul i.mplatC1i
in the estimates presented at the last session ol C. ,
Congress ; and workmen are fnowv tn.ed in .mriiount of disbursements made by the Corn- ,
pec. caring tIh rnite ial s o frree-.tcrne f- the ,:rr,,- nsi .er of Publi.. Buildings, between the lst
.uranc of i thc ..oik. The ,; c ,se of this p'.rt O ct .cr, 1818, pnd 30th of Sepltnl'', 1819.
b "ut "'ia "' a unt of ....r .. '' .. h" i .. : i i of the Capitol U. States, 181,317 68
but a y: ui-]'Aurit of tLcX.- abl'- c h'-l.t >ta:;tx- .
pected, havi, rccurrcd in f ,r thile wn,, I Centre of do. 160,9-25 76
think it nv diy to point out smc of the uses Executive Offices, 132,149 67
which have occasioned it; and which will serve Offices to President's House, 8,438 63
to explain, that it has not arisen fronim ml:.applica-
tion of the public money, but fi ,-ri spomi omis- 482,831 74
sions and rf,:,'esctin expene tha6t c.t1,1 not be Errors excepted. SAML. LANE, .
con'olcild. W.a:b[l,.tin, Dec. 23, 1819. Com. P. B.
In my estimate of 1818, I stated, from informa- -
tion then given me, that there was on hand suffi- REVOLUTIONARY PENSIONS.
cent ceppei for the rofs~, and lan sfor both wings; ort o e itee on evoution-
Report, in part, of the Committee on Revolution-t
it s.e [urd necessary i,,,rchase an addi- tioary Pensions,upon the subject of the man-
tional quantity of copper, to the *moun of nerinwhic the act o the 18sb act f,18Is,
S2,368 17 nerin witich the act of the 18th .larch, 1818,
,368 17 as been executed, c. e.
And of glass to the amount of 5,378 2 6 has been executed, (yc. c.
The chimney pieces, chiefly from Ita- The Committee on Revolutionary Pensions,
ly, have exceeded 599 47 to whom was referred the resolution of the 15th
The marveecapitals,fr Ialy, stated 47 instant, Report, in part: that a letter was ad-
athe 0,750 dollars, bfry Itay, dressed to the Secretary of War, relative to an
atj0,750 collars,, by the accounts inquiry into the manner in which the law of the
adjusted since, exceed that sum 18th March, 1818, has been executed A copy
her, executed in New York, satet-d of which letter, and the reply of the Secretary of
ber, executed in New York, stated y, r n^ a b h o
in the printed estimates at 15,000, Var, are now laid before the House.
has exceeded that sum '6,375 99 To tihe Hon. 3. C. CALUOU, tsq.
'Freight of the same from New York, 355 28 Secretary of the Departmente if War.
Expense of quarrying, transporting, SI: I am instructed by the Committee on
and finishing the columns Of Poto- Revolutionary Pensions to ask information rela-f
mac marble, was estimated, by the tive to the "manner in which the act of the 18th
superintendent of that departminit, March, 1818, has been executed; ascertaining,
in 1818, at 28,00 ; it has exceeded as far as may be practicable the class or classes
that amount 30,145 55 of cases which it has been construed to embrace,
Painting the outside, not contemplated and such as have been excluded from its provi.
in the estimates, .but found necessa- sions:-whether the objects contemplated by its
ry to be done, 3,000 00 passage have been, or probably will be, effected.
Cast iron work to strengthen the arches, 1,757 94 by the operations ofthe law : and, if not, whether
Work on the grouiind, %%ii i", tiie Cap- it be susceptible of such amendments as will en-
itol enclosure,- 1,500 00 sure the accomplishment of those objects :"-
Salaries of sculptors of figures, one Also, a statement of the number of certificates
y.ar, omitted in estimate, 7,000 00oo of pension, which have been issued under the
--- said law; the number of cases suspended ; the
$ 59,722 02 number rejected, and the number of applications
The above articles will account for a large received, t01. have not been acted upon."
portion of the excess.; the balance must be attri- I have the honor to be, very respectfully,
buted to the difficulty of estimating with accura- Your most obedient servant,
cy the expense of work of so unusual a nature, JOSEPH BLOOMFIELD,
and on so large a scale, Congress Hall, December 17, 1819. Chairman.
R i.., ,.:iiiv submitted, by your olbedient ser- --
vant, CHARLES BULFINCH, War Department, 22d Dec. 1819.
Architect of Capitol of United States. SIR: In reply to your letter of the 17th in-
W'ashingtqn, Dec. 15, 1819. stant, inquiring into the manner in which the
act of the 18th March, 1818, has been executed ;
B .g] ascertaining, as far as may be practicable, the
WashigtonDe. 23, 1819. class or classes of cases, which it has been con-
rashingtonE Dec. 23, 1819. strued to embrace, and such as have been exclu-
SA o so rPEL LAnzP, Esq. P ded from its provisions"-I have the honor to
commissioner g bliss a statement of the proenclose a copy of the regulations which have been
e ma: The following is a statement of the pro my adopted by the department to carry it into effect.
gress made in the Public Buildings under my su. The act has invariably received a strict' con
perintendance, during the last year, viz. The act has invariably received a strict con
pertedance, during the last year, vi. struction, and none have been intended to be
Of the EXccutii-c Offices. admitted, but those who, under such construe-
The porticos to the north fronts, of six Ionic tion, were believed to have served in the war
columns each, with their bases, capitals, entabla- of the revolution until the end thereof, or for the
tures, and pediments, of cut stone, have been put term of nine months or longer, at any pet iuid. of
up. The porticos have been roofed, and the roofs the war, on the continental establishment," and
covered with patent milled slate. The gutters who were in such "reduced circumstances in life"
laid and covered with copper. Four flights of as to be 1 in need of assistance from" their
cut stone steps, to the outside of each of those country for support ;" to all of which facts, the
buildings, ascending to the principal floors, have oath of the party, and the certificate of the judge,
been put up, and two flights of stone steps in the have been iequi'ed. Under which construction,
inside of each building, to communicate with the the following classes of applicants have been ex-
basement stories, have been made and put up.-.- eluded :
- The floors of the porticos have been prepared of Those who are not in such reduced circum-
,ieneca stone, and laid: the stone of superior stances in life, as to need assistance from their
quality and durability. Spout stones have been country for support.
prepared and set, tq convey the water of .0e riolt Those belonging to the general civil staff, the
rrpnm the buildings. medical ercern.,d Under this head are included

0.' er y re ,ew, Pave epiuvU i'll).iLL, i J' | 12" il.
Great pains have been taken to- collect all of the
documents which could .uIt.j I) tih.- place of those
which were destroyed when the War Office was
burnt; and, with this view, a correspondence was
opened with the executives of the original states,
to obtain copies of those which were preserved in
the archives of theirjrespectivqestates. Where the
defect of those in the department have been sup-
plied, .greater caution has been observed as to
the proof of service. It will be proper here to
observe that, at first, occasional errors were conm-
mitted in determining- the character of certain re-
giments or corps; and some were considered con-
tinental, which, on full enquiry, prove not to be
sp. n..:c such. errors have beeii committed,
thcy have been ci C-.- .i%, ..1 !:ose improperly
admitted have be:i, ..J'i.iil 1d fi cim the list of pein-
sioners. It is believed that tie act has been less
.!*c'C -.fo!] executed in regard to the c .ti.'...,
S111.. ., .. pr'-pq crty of b ".h L,. c l.i .,. d

her received and acted on, the number suspend- c ;l, a's will a'r:,r ite mairt.p'r,nce of,.iir ibe.-ie:., an.d
ed or rejected will be 11',881 w. hichi nould merelI nrodii s on.c t. .., reguiunji
frni,' 0ol'lit rihirter," in ol'der tie bcitr to is,eii t i-
I have the honor to be, with great respect, ,our p-'!, ,,I,0 o r,:-r orb,, i tbeido i.d t.r pre0 .,.opoe
obedient servant, .ul ,, r, .li em int.
,_ -J. 'V CALHOUN I l..- ...ri.n- l com.,: f,.r ,,..,, [.':(,;,,e ,, .r, ,'ber
I.on. Josetai BLto ir tn, o ._I.,- I ',id nr r.. I r I ,l "tfro"rr, i i- '4 ,aJ .1 -c.
C ii a M of it -T, ,, .- .7 ii r, a l, t ., T ,, ,,,,, r,- n i d r:.o-. c i cron-
evolteluonai/] .' ,, w ,it). ,t .'.. .pi, i n tl ,ie ,. ,oi .ii.i,: orler, and to U] es-
fie.. dtiity oI the s-ilie i ll h2 d ie cin[.-Ii.n
Rules ondl tir,,liat nfor .-nb lnintiai' (lanim un 'ork. M.ic I'tunatc than other siat. ct
to P.-'. -,,. ., l4 'A '.rfd r Ii l aw 4 Pro r itA r u me.ur il. w A,il i rintlle r, ." J ,ilopp,-
C,,,, F .f itheI. I .'- ,h ., ch1,, i'', ,1 : I i.n :- dcr-. ,_. .t:1lt a 1 fJ1,,a n .7, th:1 .,, t .
l" R .','i.. f the : .lh ,f J ali'ch, 1 .1:. th- C b r- ;r ,..,- tt-,.-r .lob. z,,,,-r, .%Lii'mv
T lc .:. inm i o.ioir. r,, i d., t '.arg r ':r '* that- I wo ld a_-k the me' n ,- .- ,', Q ti
S1 l Ih C 1.1 ltil -s ,I the e e t in 0 vr iv, ,nd 0el of i nr., In n ail t e intc ci:. Ls t'uar.iin eed by
hlluo.nl, (11 in C' t..1IA -CL-,) apl I1, iI.g for i. .IsliS l. tile t.harteir, LihAi pr,,i,,n i.u e ityt bt iuh ue ote thim.
ltn ir .n,. o If t h e r at, lw ; ,v r tin *... ch., l I) I e Ai .r.- i nK a.. A- .:r, if,..: hi .tA

n. oi, .. f the respective j .il..cs, cc i, n in hLii, hI,,, ,I 1 d I hi -. r 'ire ..'_.. 4 I r' h p t pre-
thesu cases, m ust be attested by. thein -e I ot llic _allc .... .t, tl:r,. i,,h il I sire,. L ,ld,,i', h: rte.
court re such judges preside. TiI, pei ion i rnF3 iI.ii [, n -it IiI., i .I1 .1 r,ri. ,ri. fi,iiI Imit,;id.
:!pr ; "ore tile judge, that, from his reduced circuri- I' i 1n-- hi.,ii- Ailibdi in me.. tile duly ofcloirn,. tie
stances, e needs the assistance, of hib count,% tn,'t, ,_r,tr, .I i t tr,' lb r. -
for support. li .: t .t b \ -,.. i t.e ..l ,,. tcred
R,.. ,tho if the 27th .lhq, 18 1-8. f I ac n,r
Ohi ,l ,hrl le Fit mllu, -. 1 I'Pi'fI ,,rl the ,,,it .,t,,-.
It is .p. c (d th .t the jul.cs will certify, is well at n. f.It',ul anr,.I ,3 i ir r, ,,. tLta
to the rclu.ce'e clt i]-nst lnf ,n s to the cuiiliiie.l] and ioyalDeptities ofthe ), .. rrtmets.
:service of nine months, required by the law of, When the King had concluded his Speech,
the 18th of Mltjich. 1818 ; and pensions will in- the Chancellor announced, that lis Majesty
variably be refused, unless the declarations of would receive the oaths of any of the. new Peers
leh :i;.',lcr:,ii shall be accompanied by such cer- or Deputies, Who were present.
ihc.a..-. !l;he applications for ])errsior, belong The list of new Peers and Deputies was then
ing to New Hampshire, New Yol k, l'-iIhlva- called over by the Minister, Count De Caze, and
nia, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Ca- such as were present, rose in their places and
rolina, South Carolina,. and Georgia, will be de; took the oaths.
played, until further evidence of their service shall It was generally known that the Abbc Gr,: .o.ir,a
have been received from the several executive had resolved not to brave the nr;rl'c nil .,I, ,;'-l
officers of the states, tion.which had been p:rer, hm. :" ih onnissin
.Ii, glatiloi of June, 1818. to send him the usual letter of inrjva.,.rn. Not
In a case where the name of the applicant can- only was he absent from the Sitting, but the fame
not be found-on the rolls, the evidence required of the soi-disant Deputy .of Isere was: omitted
to substantiate his claim, is the deposition of two in calling over the list, according to thel :,lpha-
disinterested witnesses, as to the service and dis- betical order.. This ci ur, t.ric, e .!it rot > ,ii a-
charge of the applicant, corroborating his own the observation., of iit, A\ssemb,, L. i,... I'n
statement. The magistrate who adminnisters the ed with extreme anxiety from the end of the
oath,mustccrtify to tlhecredibilityofth. .. hi, -ie, names which began with F, to. those iul.c hi.! the
and the official character and signature of the ma- letter H for their iii.iiaii.
gistrata must be attested by.the county.clerk,under Alter this cercmoiiy of sfwari rrg, the King
his sealof office. [This rule -has extended to 'itch iithdren, .ind the Stmin.; |k up
cases only as seemed to require extraordi,l y lih Ll. in, tiers ut r., t. meint ii., ili,, r.-- cat-
proof. In a case, for example, where the he ill iie 1il.lJi urn Thirsdi.. Fii( per cernt. r:.-,, .~r.,

1 L lt ie .i ltmulIL A which tlel Vi U pplliallnt. L L-C cd,
were complete for the period at which he. stated.
to lave served, and his name could not Ie found;
and in cases where the applicant's statement has
r.,-t agreed with historical facts.]


ilit [1111tAarC6 f 0D I ',ii., Tii5&4..trit. LtjOuf tViS.Eif

tions have been received by the ,1... i] i ,:t -ert -- tCiin. Iy,0l" to eC :stLabhiimI nt e l ,jIu-
from respectable sources, which represented nia- LONDON, DEC. 3, (evening ) tional Vaccine Jst.rft lo'., mret at li. s' l-I.tlel.
ny of the pensioners to be in more affluent cir- The Paris. papers of Tuesday reached here The honorable Jt.icph Kent, of .iar) .and, w:..
cumstances than that which the act contemplait- this forenoon. called to the chair.
ed. A memorandum was directed to le made of On Monday the King went, in state, to the Thomas Henderson, M. D. of Gcore.-r'w.r..
all such cases, in order that such as seemed to Chamber of Deputies, to open the session of wais ipp.iinted scct ia: y.
require it, might be inquired into. In some cas- 1819. He was attended by Monsieur, the Dukes Re,'miL'd, i t: t a com:.int.ee -be appointed to
es, where there appeared to be satisfactory p-'oof of Angoulernm and Berry, Prince Talleyraind, to .',alt resolution fur Etre consider-Aij.-, of this
offraud or mistake, the pensioners have been Marshals Davoust, Bournonville, Macdonald, and meeting : Whereon, the h.i-iorable julin hl, ld,
dropped from the roll. The im positions or mis- Ragusa, and a number of other distinguished of Virgiiia, the honorable Joii.thin 0. MKosely,
takes, if they exist, as it appearsprobable they do personages. His Majesty was received with of Connecticut, the hon. David Fullerton, of
to a considerable extent, have taken place, not- strong marks of approbation, and proceeded to Pennsylvania, the lion. William A. Burwell, of
withstanding the continued vigilance of the dl,- address the Assembly as follows : Vir...,ria, aud Dr. William Jones, .: \ in I 6gon,
partmnint. Imposition, as to the circumstances GENTL;Mr.EN: The first wish of my heart, in appearing were nominated as a committee for that purpose.'
of the applicant, was early apprehcnd(ed ; and, to again amongstyou,is to acknowledge tle blessings which The following pi cinble and resolution were
,' n t'rvidece has been pleased to bestow upon us, and offered, and unanimously adopted.
guard against it, the oath of the and e ow upon us ad offered, and unanimouslyadopted.
gt those which it permits us to hope for.
the certificate of the judge, as to his reduced cir- AMy family is increased; and I may hope that my re- Whereas the efficacy of the true Kine Pock, as
cunmstances, though not expressly required by mining wishes may be accomplished. Fresh supports permanent preventive of small pox, has been
the act, were required by the regulations ththe of my house will form new ties between it and my people. most satisfactorily proven throughout the world ;
department. But it is obvious, where the judge Our friendly relations with the different stats of the and whereas the full benefit of this remedy can-
been ca eless, or has ben imp-sed on by the two worlds, founded on the intimate union of the sove- ,
has been careless, or has ben imposed on by the ns, and n the principle of a mutual dependence, not be extended to any people, without due care
applicant, as to his property, the department can contitiue to form the pledge of a long peace. be taken to preserve the genuine virus ; and'to
rarely have any means in its power to prevent the By the happy result of my negociations with the Holy furnish it, with proper directions for its applica-
consequence, but from the informal information See, our principal churches are no longer deprived of tion, to those who wish to use it : And where-
erim- n session of suc h personsas may anf in- nmi-sters. h presenceof the-Bishopss in their Dioceses
or impression of such persons as may feel an in- nusnis o e as Dr. James Smith, the agent appointed by the
terest in Onecorrect execution of the act. ve n ministration: they will there propagate the respect due President of the United States, under authority
facts, thus communicated, have usually been re- to our holy religion, and to the laws of the state. We of the Act of Congress,- entitled Ac Act to en.
ceived after tlie pension has been granted. There shall preserve untouched the liberties of our church. I courage Vaccination," has proposed a Plan of
is another difficulty connected with' the execution shall hear the prayers of the faithful; I shall consult their an Institution, to be established in this city, to
of this part of the act, of still greater magnitude. cares which their restorations, of thbefor e worship of oan- afford greater certainty and facility to the free
.I refer to the various constructions which ditl.r- cesLors imay still require. distribution ofthe vaccine matter, arid for the
ent judges give to the words, in such reduced Two years of abundance have repaired, in part, the support of which considerable sums have been
circumstances in life as to need. the assistance of evils of scarcity. n'.iculture lias nade a sensible pro- subscribed.
their country for support." It is believed the gress; all branches of industry have taken a new spring; Therefore, Resolved, that
he llinc arts continue to adorn and illustrate France. 1 I ..ov, ta
difference in the const-ruction has been vcry great; |i' e coictdlrouindme theirnumerousproductions. Te Josiah Meigs, and Elias B. Caldwell, Esqs.
nor has it been possible for the de(partinit n. to s I.,:,. advntag'e has beln given to the useful arts. Putb- Washington city; Stephen B. Balch,- D. D.
give specific instructions to then as to their con- fic admiration has equally encouraged them. The libe- and Thomas Hienderson, M. D. G erei'i.'...;
.struction, as the necessity of the ;l)plicant does ration of our soil, and more favorable times, have per- Dr. Elisha Dick, Alexandria; Dr. William I.
not depend simply on the amount of proper. .inie.t td-us to eniloy ourselves in the ameliorsatio n oif ourt Celti,.. Baltimore ; with Dr. James Smith,
tinances. estev ordered that there shill lie laid before
which he may possess, buton many other circ.tUn- 'u tnu stat. of the public charges, as well as tile means the Agent ot vaccination, be appointed by this
Stances. His health antd ....ii. strength, the nu111- of meetirgi them ; and I have the satisfaction to announce meeting a Board of Managers to organize a.
cerand ability of his family to aid in his support, to vou, that the tfcirciglht of the Legislature has not been Vaccine Institutioa for the United States P
the cheapness or dearness of articles of sbsist- dceiv by p.sia accidental wants. No n America, agreeably to the plan which has been
ence in the section of the country ii which lie re-- debt will b)C rated fort tie ]text yeiir. Already corsi-
ncderabe rehef has been afforded to those who contribute proposed; and that the said Board of Managers
sides, and many other 1 Itii,-.,. :I -. have a to tsi public burdens. Tlie redue'ion of tile most heavy petition Cot-igress for an act of incorporation to
strong bearing on it. In the midst of the ac diii'- taxes will not be retarded longer than the discharge of secure the permanent duration thereof.
culties, thie necessity of the applicant must, in the extraordinary debts, contracted by the state, may re- On ot'ion, Resolhed, That the proceedings
ost ase, be left to the so d r th he laws have been every whee exctd with fci. this meting be signed by the chairman and sof
judge. liy, ad i no part has the public tranquillity been nia. cretary, and published in the National Intel,.
1 am not aware of any amendment, of whiich terially disturbed. Under these circumstances, and with gencer, and the Washington Pity Gazette. li-
the act is susceptible, by which uniformity of conl- s view to remove more effectually, the recollection of JOSEPH KENt;, Chairman,
structiomi can be secured on the part of the judgi:s, [)a"st evils, 1 hi...11 i..'.t:i.i ir. Ltnight multiilyy the acts THOMAS HFINDERSON, Secretar'y.
or imposition on them much diminished, unless f' cemen:. i -..... ..... I hav e laced another
it should be the intention of .Congress to confine 1r.v tie I I t .,.g and the dignity of the crown. .
their bounty to the lowest grade of poverty. Any *sti, imt tie midstOf thO-s. cl-Ametts of public pros- Sixteen pirates, caughtby one of our vessels of
condition, above mere itndigcnci,. would admit of pcrity, I mtiisI not conceal from you that just causes of war, and taken to New Orleans, had their trials on
a latitude of construction ; and it appears intpoa alar'nt mingle w'ith our hopes, and demand at this time the 22d of November, and were all found guilty.
e xo ac ra i a Oiir iost serious attention.
sibleto ixon a particular amount, in value, of estl essness, age, but real, possesses all minds: The sentence of death will of course be the awful
property, to entitle the applicant to a pension, every one now demands pledges of a permanent state of retribution of their crimes.
which would be just in its operation ; or which thing's. The nation has but an imperfect taste of the first
would not invohle great difficulty in its execution, nr'uits of legal rule and of peace; it fears to see them
The number of pension certificates issued utin- snatchled frnl it by tle violence of factiolls; it is ALT',n. The Federal Republican, noticing the expcn-
der the law acnoutnt to 16t270. cd at their ardor for domination ; it is terrified .11 t diture said to be necessary for fitting out our
drti law amount to 1,7.u open expression of their designs. The fears of all, the r to r r tn s
SThe number of claims received and acted on, wishes of ol, point oit tim necessity of some new gua- armed vessels to cm'uise for pirates and slave-
are 28,151 rantee of tranquillity and stability. Public credit waits ships, suggests that a most excellent cruising-
The number of claims received and for it as the signal to rise; commerce to extend its spe ground, for the last eightcn months, would have
not acted on, are 404 culations. In short, France, in order to be aure of her- been found in the Chesapeake Bay."
self, in order to resume among nations the rank which
-. h--- she ou0ght to occupy for her own and their advantage,
28,555 has ine It is impossible to state precisely how many reach of those shocks, which ve the more dangerous THEH public will take notice that Mr. Richard H. F-t2.
have been absolutely rejected, or how many sus- tlhe oftener they are repeated. at a ate merchssigned
pended, as, in some cases, claims which have Under this conviction, I have again turned my atten- ,I ltgh, late aerclant tonoeosrgetown, .anth essignsud.
tiotn to those ideas which already t had wished to realize-; all his booksofaccounts notes, n, and other secht'
been rejected have afterwards been admitted; but which ought to be matured by experience, and to tes, to the su scrib e er, in Te, and tese vho mare
aud others, which have been suspended, have be called for by necessity. The fqunder of the charter, indeed tolh subid ibt h are erbb. M'r. ired tu t .
been finally rejected. If from the total number with which are inseparably connected the destinies o t to th e sub ber,.. ,- I .
of claims admitted, be subtracted the total num- .i. n, ntwhi o asre uire b thea e itiste' i er .:
IMttt rovec nt- w w .ic. q. ..requ.ired by these g. i "tei -

t~. .~



(...(.. 4-.


I _I

^ ^.... -- -. ; --z. risk of the Toss of hishorseoug'l tobe borlie by the pEr-'inen to oppose this bill, tLey ought to come directly to of thie United States,like the Commanderin Chief ifthe in
i" son employed and paid for the use of it; but where they the point, and say so; but such an argument would not Southern Division, would have violated the laws of the ,..
CONGRESSIONAL PROCEEDINGS, were deficient in everythingforsubsistence oftheir hor-: weigh with him. As to the legality of the orders by country. The several laws passed during thile late war
ON ses, as was the case in the Seminole war, they had, by which these men were called into service, it had never with Great Britain, authorising the President to accept tl
-justice and equity, a right to look to the government' entered into the heads of these generous men that they the. service ofvolunteers, had at that time either expired, ot
11OUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.-Di;c. 21.; or indemnity for their losses. The former war fur- were serving without authority: their sale. object luld or been repealed at the close of the war in 1815. The ci
nished a precedent for this course; and that law, provi- been the service of theircountry, and they never thought President, Mr. J. said, could confer on military officers ir
O. THIE PATMET FOR HORSES OR OTHER PRO- ding payment for property lost or destroyed in the milita- of enquiring by what authority they performed it. The no higher power than he himself possessed. During the fr
P Y ST IN TE SE 'INOLE WAR. -ry service, he approved as cordially as any act which he P (esident of the United States had never complained of late war with Great Britain, Congress thought it proper r(
Los had ever seen passed. Mr.C.insisted also on the good poli- the Commanding Gefieral's exceeding his authority, in to pass a law to auithorise the President to accept the ser. w
se being in committee Of the whole o f such an act in the present case; it would give to the exercise of his discretionary power to defend the vices of volunteers-because the Constitution had pre- co
on the Hbill providing for the payment for horses the ecitizensa high idea of the justice oftheir govern- frontier against invasion ; and Mr. G. saw no reason for scribed the modein which armies should be raised and o
on the bill provide for the payment or ose nien and strengthen their attachment to it. In doing introducing that question into the discussion on this officered. It is this charter, said Mr. J. which breathes tl
or other property lost, captured, or destroyed in justice to those men, who had clone so much to raise the bill. into the President-into every officer ofthe Governmient, so
the Seminole war- glory of their country, Mr. C. said he should care not Mr. RANDOLPH, of Virginia, rose ; not, he said, all the power he can legally or rnhtilly exercise; and e
Mr. JON-s, of Tennessee, took a brief view of what was the state of the Treasury ; in such'a cause he with the intention of engaging in the examination of the it has made it necessarytlhat al armies, ot every desicnp- 1
t OE oaiuhichbad mad itail"etot of justice n would be willing to lay taxes to raise the L,,,n and the great principles already touched on by other gentlemen, tion, shall be raised by authority of. this House. Such of
tgvernme oasion which had mad it an acumb o f justice inof people would clieeroully pay them. and essentially connected with this bill, but to.state that, laws having beenpassed when they were necessary, they b
government to pass this e woe no mer 300, Mor JONES, of Tenneseeentered at some length before he gave his vote, I- ,,,,.-t have information on one were repealed when the Representatives of the CL.t, kit a.
.o-ses of horses, from any cause, would not exceed 30, 1 t, i saw that there was no longer any occasion for a :..rc ..: m n
and perhaps not 200. There was a class of cases not em-a- "to an argument in the support of his amendment, a-d p.,_ di .-is h, -, ,as .., I,-It to conjecture, -lt t t hser e was n won wer an o cas ioh a 11r -
braced in e bill, however; which he thought ( o)lght to in reply to som e of there sCn Lt.si m U d oSt otes fr wohsdescription. "W hen w e w ere at peace with tdo t.
be-namely, that of horses killed by forced marches; guing to shew the justice of the remuneration aske tr, r cer command of the Southern fon- worlSaid M. J. it was not even dreamed of, tt, to t
.which beiti made under orders which the owners'of the and that it would not be an extension of the principle' tier, with power, if necessity, to callontrerEecutivescisepet ndiant foribeand afewdditonalwarmy tobne ras-g
which^ ^ being. it oud e ncesay.foraladiionl rm t be rais- gi^=:
horses coLL! I not disobey, the consequences ouglht not heretofore acted onin similar losses, as contended by Mr. of adjacent states for- quotas of Militia, that officer pro- e. No, Mr. J..said, it was expected that the mili ia e
to fill on th e-m, but oi. the government. le therefore Smith of Maryland: As to the general question,the volun- ceeds to levy an army himself. The force thus raised .sNol Mrbe cal d ,oit, wasec t ed tha lw ay e t
proposed all amendment to the bill, tike obj .ct of which teers, he thought, had a right to presume that the call must have been officered; The officers must have held Should be called out, if oecessaryc ,,:,%i-..-:always :eadvypc
astopoincude this class of cases. upon them was legal, and they acted properly in obey. corrimissions. Mr. R. said, he wished to know under when called pon, to march ih leh f e o ,, t r.
Mas o n. x of Tennessee said he had no ing the orders, right or wrong. He would not enter in- whom they held them-by virtue of the authority of the He contended, therefore, that this torceeofn-5, u me.,, s
Mr.Q "CANN" o..1 nne e s"id he ad ano g lex tion of General Jackson's conduct in call- President of the United Statcs, or Of the ildivid[ual who (I 500Indins n 100" m"onted go-men,) had -, e, .h
objection to the proposed amendment, though it had l thex volm teers the soldiers had nothing to do summoned them to the field? Until the h ous received raised no t only withoutany authity, but directly a nt t
b een thol ght pt rop er b su ch rovmitt w o riet or e M-r. i bthat inquiry, nor was the eniquiry connected with this information, he was not prepared to act on this billion t a w f he i y ; a t a teep !, ,. .,
th il o o t o n e s cl a[? o~ t~ g l ; the question before the com nmittee T he soldiers had any shape. cla- h~im on t ih e U united States, even for th le paym ent ot t .- ,,
C. thet spoke of tilegera n t tit iir done their duty fithfultd had the sa me Im on Mr AON said, that he was not able to .give wa uc es for pmet c..t..t r.sTrea
comitte, e sidhadnottarca nt v~w t~e annr v' -.... .Mr. J. said, lhe had ladveirted to ,, ;. ,.vc c ;,-Trea- v
coin ittich these men were called into service; not did the government as if they had acted under the most cor- the information which had been asked, but was himself sury, not, as the ,..., from New-York seemed to 1
thny under to determine whether it. had been legal- rectorders, if they were not oftthat character, which he under'the in,[,,'.: lq, t s,. .:,-, of the volunteers,' suppose, to ,-t rI.I .... just debt. Far from it. He a
tl .n" :,1I, i was enough for them to know, that the would not at this time enquire into. to, whom tl,: ..ntlcan hIad allude .1, hadacted without wouhi morage the soil--e woudd ax the Peo ile as r
S,, ,', .,.... a of this descriptionwere, at the time, Mr. MCoy, of Virginia, observed, that, who- any commission at all. re hilmself was one, at least, who lonasas tler could bear txes, t. pay the justdcbts of the ..
Seseice t t United States, nd encunterd dif- other these troops got into the field legally, was one ques. had so acted,, and was recognized on the pay-rolls with nao,, le had adverted to the state of the Treasury :
ill t e s rvice of the United States, and enco untered aWn e a a v dif-1 t e stt (k be T itsr
fiulties and dangers equal, perhaps, to those encoun- tion; and whether they were to be remunerated tor.their the rank he bore. But, the question put by the gentle- to show the imrpor.tant fact,that our receipts were already d
terea by any troops in service during the late war with losses, was another. In deciding on this subject, he man from Virginia.ought not, however answered,, to in- s,.s thi,,no,.r expenditures ; and that it was by the great t
Great Britain It was not to be supposed, Mr. C. said, should be governed by expediency alone. HeL had once fluence the house to reject this bill. It was. under- in':a, elof our expenditures, and allowing the Executive i
that private soldiers knew from what source their orders been of opinion that it was proper to pay these claims; stood, by the volunteers, he said, that they' entered the Officers to exped mone without previous authority,
1 1. the y presumed the to be lcg'al, and that, b-t subsequentreflectionhad changed that opinion,and service at the risk of losing their horses, unless such loss ,that this sta ,f. f,,. i, i ,,r-.,,.1 Th, ,.-
il obey ngth- they were answering the call of their the more he considered it the more hlie was convinced was the.effect of accident. Now, the want of .r,,:e to sident, sai, j.... i ..t,,,r tr, ,:..I l, -
c ,untry. le trusted thec house would extend to thetih that the former law was unwise. If the government support their horses was the fault of th. -gv.-r,,i,,nt-- service : Lie -. 1-:, ... i1. ,, ,;'ce a ,i,_0.11 ,:,-.
Vl sainlerovision,nowproposed,whKichbadinothercases was to pay the soldier for his horse, the soldier oughtto sad he believed that the principle orf this bill would l. of moupted gu ,-,,r- ,i. .I ar: tlin t ,1.1 wou ill t
been extded to others. H should vote in favor of refund what hlie had received of the government to pay sustained by a-courtoflaw if the g, nment I,:,I o.ft your '. ,, ,,,'s .... pa, .]dl t'.,t ,, .r,'. ..ol- ]
tile .nendment, he said, be-cause he believed it would for the use and risk of the liorse-at least, the govern- made a party in a suit to decide it. I1.: .lid n..a -a l: tl,:. c, to- ".:...I.i ,M iIertv .... ,,d.... ,,.11, ir. ,t1..I h
embrace sone just cases, not embraced by the bill as it mlent ought to pay only the balance, after deducting the passage of the bill ,a r crgu.r.,-, but as a rig,,--2 rl, Pesidet ofth-Li,,,,. h ,. ..
0to .. -c onci"cs amount already given to him. Mr. M'Coy repeated that the more strong, L..o.. .tleit under smalar irc.... appropriations b ani., I-. c..-,ct. ,1i Pi--..-n,,. ,,i .e,,
a p p r o p r ia t io n s c sah-dbe e..peid ..I n'We s tP i'..ed'n w h i., hd
M r Of V 1 k, J4 j5L(dto goit this law was impolitic. He was willing to alterthe stand- stan es had ba hn*paid.t In nest Tennesaac lwsnt t w ht to see the l-aws executed, and he ought not to permit is
Mrb eynd THl--o. Il ,'Vi I l.- ,I,!to befound in the act ing laws of the country, and make the allowance fifty or furmrshed so many volunteers, there were many who had them to be transcended. Looking -through all the, Tr011 11t
aptlieable t similar losses d.iing tile late war with Great even sixty cents per day for the use of the horses of vo- received pay for their horses lost in the former war; &how of public-"officers, you can find scarceely one who has not 1
lunteers or militia, if it was thougIft proper;but he would it tell, if persons in the same families, who had in 'exceeded the appropriations made bv law 1,-, ]gs ....J,;-,,];G
Brain. He was therefie opposed tou te eumeIse would not consent to legislate in this way, first to pay a the late war endured equal or greater hardships, should tures. You appoint a Commissioner of Pablc Buldoii, I
He dd not mean to enquirer, and he thought the house fair consideration for the risk and use of the horse, and be refultsed indemnity forlike los Mn of t,,=m wer .to buy bricks and lime, and on I, 1.;r Ur.:1, _, L, nld ,car-
.e Iu to enquire, intolteenature caf lted ino ers then hiswholevalue. It would'bc better, he said, to pay ,.ng .r n, who, in taking their h.r.... .,ad tpnert- pent ers-t-, -I what i= ', nm e,- ... .-,,l.,,..,i-.r,,l. n
wich these oued voltees e ec the full price oif the horse in the first instance, than to be a.1.h .. ,In to the wars, had taken their all; nati, being to he feels l,,m.,.If ju rI;,:. to exceed your I.,,i, .> ..;.-
adovice. Tghey hadbeen m hefor lses f tned tlry subject to such claims. them their all, little as it was, it wasasreata loss to by ninety or an hundred thousand dollars. I lie y,... "
and ought to be indemnfied losses sustained ere. Ir. REID, of Georgia, entered at some length them to lose it as for others to lose there thousands. ses of the Navy for this year have: exceeded the appro-
Mr. STORuS, of New SYork, said that, in the .nt view of the circumstances out of which these Shallwe, then, when, by he neglect or mabily of the propriationby five hundred i...r. Jl : What is
ento, byw ohehe nrguseants or liability .of hepropriation by five hundred .,, r-li doli 1, '- :What is J
course of some examination lie had made into the docu- claims rew, to shew that they were just and equitable officers of the government to furnish forage, their horses the excess of the military expenditure, we do not yet
elainns grew, to sno~wthat thevy were jois't a, uiI the excess of the military expenditure, we do not yet o
ments of a former session, he had accidentally lit.upon I.is distance from the reporter did not allow the advan- have perished, refuse to remunerate them ? It ought to know. I ask, said Mr. J. if it be not time to arrest this
a document ..... ch. ..:cl .p.. ,hri .. r... -.,nr, lhcit on stage of hearing his remarks; but he was understood to be permanent principleofthe government to ind,.nrh progress---this fearful and dangerous progress, to ruin ?
p- .S p egre si-t. os feaefulliedii.angerous progress, tot rin up-
the -subject bl.,re hel.,. It ; sup.. agree that the conduct of the commanding general had its citizens tor losses sustained m the common cause. The mborent the officers of the government should, by
elementary '. .,e anl...- ppr..ii ,I..,,. .o-t ,.f i in hin todo in .rtl ,.i this question ; and that these, I'| t.-re s l. R i ,oftl,... ,nr ilnft illions,he would yet pr.ce.len, l. the cqieses c e *eof Congress, be' errnif-
whih Was cotamned an appropriation of ninety thousand Claims were entitled to the same liberality as those which *. "'.: n a, -, of th,.1.l::'rptn:.n, &c. As to the ap- ted to I..: ,.r.be tl,,- rule of their own action,, .,,,1 ,.1,-r..
Dollars, for paying these volunteers (at the rate of 40 ad been heretofre proved fr. Thoughmfavorofthe propriation of 90,000 dollars, referred toby a -.intlle,,n gard the rule prescribed for them, thenaation would in-
cents each per day) for the use of their horses. HeI ask- ill, he was not in favor of the proposed amendment; from New York, Mr. C. said he was persuaded, and in- deed be going headlong to ruin.
ed of the gentlemen from Tennessee, and of the house, because those cases of loss which arose from forced deed had understood from the Paymaster General, it was One word only in reply to the gentleman from Ten-
y.l,.l..: lrL I .. iI.- -c was not equivalent to any reason- marches, &c. were of a 'titure incident to the state of to cover otherpayments than those to the mounted vo- nessee, who had asked' why a distinction should b.
abtle risk of the loss or inj ury, of tth e horses oft hel se % vo- .. .
able risk of the loss or iurytot the horses of 1816 t nowv war, the risk of which was contemplated and provided lunteers. made-why Congress should pay that portion of our citi-
lunteers; With regard to the claims law o 1816, now for in the original contract between the government and Mr. STORRS said, that, according to the esti- zens who had volunteered their services duringthe Brit-
expired, Mr. S. argued that it was a gratuitous act on the tlhe soldier. mate, on which this appropriation of 90,0W0 dollars ish war, and should refuse to pay those who had served
part of' Congress, which perhaps never ought to have 1\r. JoNsoN, of Virginia, rose to remove from was founded, the money was to pay for the mounted vo- during the Seminole Campaign. Could the gentleman,
passed, an. ,,t ... to rg nto p previous remarks, any misconstruction. He had not u,..r- the Seminole war If indeed, as the gentle- Mr. J. said, have reflected a moment, and not have an-
ir.. J .-uN. f ginia, next took the floor. contnefor i..a.. ...oadvanced the opinion man t -om Tennessee seemed to think, the money appro- ticipated the. answer ? The one was a cnii...il
.. "" ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~avac d th onion a lo e nse e m dt hn ,tiem nyap o iiae l .as e The one was c,~ r,,.,
Ir e ad 'va nced w ith reg ret, lie said to o n e q ue stion w h ich Io eRianr fromr T ., o evn e e p. .. .....
e advanced with regret, he said, to one question w that it would have been right bfor these volunteers to de. printed for that purpose had been otherwise applied, it war, declared by Congress-neither made by the l'resi-
he conceived involved in the consideration of this bill; mand of the commanding general his authority for calling would be better to give up at once the power of tlUis dent of the United States,nor by any officer subordinate
but if the house was disposed to pass a bill of indemnityv., them out after they had got into the field. But these house over the disbursements of public moneys, uand to him. The call for volunteers in that war was made
it was first necessary, he said, to enquire whether these in weren't soldiersthey were citizens of Tennessee appropriate a gross suin annually for military under an existing law, passed by Congress, .ilo:-
it~ ~ .1 wa'irt s. t service 'w t nic ........... solir; they+ ....... .-were ',=,,sce ap~propriate a gross SLIM aall rmit y -,,.. un e an xsin l wp edb Co g s,.d .'r .-
Stroops .': r.. h--n1..' in service; whether the commanding voluntarilv taking the. field *,nd as s ,ch had perfect and leave the disposition of the whole to the. dscretion the acceptance hf the services of volunteers. F:.-r -.-r. -
general had obeyed the orde,,rs of the President in calling ri t, before they entered the se-rice, to demand of the of the War Department. If this misapplication of ap pro ces rendered by such volunteers, Congress were boundl
them out? and whether the President had tie power to Ge l evnl whhat authority he called on them in his way. priated moneys had taken place, he had no hesitation in to pay, and to indemnify them for losses, where they
i-.n^ *. i .*~ '.... *rl ,'. "I'1,;'. M r .1 thi.-.,nglit ii,.: hi t ,,^..i "' '^ "' ^ ,; ', "^ ," .ti,. ;i.,i '-t > i \ i ; W ,, i : h ..* IK .l .1 '.r;ek':l a^ i "; u, ",'l i l |. ~ .; .:i r.- ,,l' -,hi: ,, cl ~rr ._.: -.,,.1., b rirh>.'] ih. > i l l i ~ jf. '(
ni .-,',j l it,. 1 1- *l -[,i ,, \'i .i ,; i, J: i l I i;i. 1'h c ".-c ^ J ,. ',11 I i h ,',ii i \% hie re in ,'r-- 1 ib ~ ,i i'i ri, |,.,'lt l SD..i tl--- ir ti, ri i, ,. -i 1,r-- .i I. i i *. .. ... .,=, .> r.. i I r 1,1 .1
.r" Ti.-.' Mr, .1 ..... ,h. .. t ,' ." i" .'. r1et. .... ,' ""*.**... ,.. .. .... -.,J. *t.rf^ W, ;",, A;''',.!l, ', .....t t..... : ........., ... "t......A ,,e nca. .......... .,i ...... ,,e'l..... .ilhin r.:t2 ., .r bi r s-t-" i., Sci. 11,i n-a e, "...
Il T 6 ; It -1 %% 10 I a,. 1} 1 it int r I i t
,. ,' h,:g.gllit s;.:'r t' h,- n itiu J. ,..l, .s..,-l.J r 1 ', '" ,,-t, ,- .r t, or ,,I ,J (,| ,, 1, t. .r or, h. i iJ.,.ltc .- or hI btr-
fr ,cr'l, t Ie ..... c,',, I r ;r" b state y 1 th o e never, on any proper occasion, feel their ardor damped tell this house that they wanted it for a purpose different ality of Congress. fHis wish was to disco rage such pro-
,1re'18v to ,,en. r ackon i' forced th Secr 12th of Wa- because the payment of these claims on the public purse from tllat for winch it was actually appropriated. Apll- seedings hereafter; and, if the rejection of this claim
tra 188he .ad apeled toiteatriotismfret oW were refitsed.The example ofamihltarv oifficeractingwiULli- propriations must be applied strictly to their objects, was calculated to prevent any commanding officer from
thahehd ppedto theesse;D out authority-raising an army without the consent of Depart from this principle, and there was an ecd to all hereat'I'q raising armies on his. own responsibility, the

foe had called vor,00muntedrs volunbeers;canld fortois rc outathoion aisiganade fo withe oumt the Olellt Ofrs'nrlpoiinf ae ndsrpt ~~ -wt sltl ea spatcbe oFr cta
har urled from order nas the hounerlos; and o tthe nati-this wa s n a the kind .f ardor which li e w. Is uli ittin appropriations Recurring to the bill before result would be ca most happy one for the country.
pas:e; bilf w ode wth e ihwoulwbeienatureofa ytoed to damp Mr. J. said he would goas ir as any man the louse, Mr. S. o aid he objected to all general provi- ter. RHEA, ofvTenrestee, after noticind'tle ob-
i,t'l a ih,.w Ps ldbenthimsenarri e ofela ini, n. payng a jus t debt-lie wild mortga e the whoie s lons for paing chinlaims. It would be recollected, that ject of the preasentbo ,,ihl s.,w.c.the oIbjections
law ., t proprty oesidentthomsetopreserveiditsolkitnot 'ughei.r.g" .
c. i .:-.l r deqvo a cksop ade s IcOPerty be thi aton to preserve tse aith ;t ut lie would Conwc rress had tound it necessary promptly to interpose to it, said, that t'ese "i., .ch t ',, l. ,.,,.. s pi, beC
t ... allv eero ae ltdn of course he cou clever conhsnt to tax teen his peeo ple trthe vrpose of pay- f ilae purpose of checking disbursements uye n h der the removed. On the 26tln December, 1817, said he tshe S.-
vst such a power Gen Jackson MJ. ai ed e loe ing a debt contracted by violating the laws of the hdild min' lahi h wos ep toe no pr'ecedent cretary at War issued orders to Gen. Jackson to repar,
ve w oldneersuf a mienr oiertnof ic A motion was made for the committee to rise, iu t law, said Mr. S.ontainin ge with as little delay as practicablcbe, to Fort Scott, and as-c
fore th t th se olia tee s h a b e n caled i nto icen eral p ro v isions for p aying aic crtain d escrip tion of claim s su m e th e im ined i~t e com m a nd of th e forces in th at q u ar- t
without any legal power in the General to do so; and he but was negatived, by a vote of 75 to 5,1,. The executionof' this law is entrusted t6sonic subordi- ter of the sotimerndivision ; that the increasing display
asked, if the house, because pathetically appealed to in The question on the umendnaint proposed by llate officer of the government; and lie may take it into of hgse' tn." s by the endresi, is play
the name and forth relief os f the poor suffering Soldier, MIr. Jones, was also lost, without a division. his head to consider or intention ln to have been different hi clessaryttio onser al the S onm tignordas ns, o may re
would, by the passage of the bill beforesthed e Sanctionkitheessareq ocsi t ratealtercntiguousv diosberto
this violtion of autraodty? There were 800 regtdom Mr. RHeA, of Tennessce, then proposed an a- fi-om what itappearshtoebe, as, fromrthe'statement ofthe force of his division in that quarter ; that, the regular
o "' a ; i c',. had brought nto ytheftieclld ino mendcnent, the object of which was to embrae peutleman from Tennessee, it appears thie Paymaster brce there was about eight hundred str..,,.- o. ,, taton

C.-v C.e,,-thot ad brougthoitnfo h oenet oee hog teswr o.H eerdto tlthcd ae teCa, mn Bthrewfonrh esad h c e there wat s t oe eceeight hunsresdt-,lerm hate ontesv
Generalcdid about the approuprition for paying for the thousand militia ofnthe of"state Georgia weore call, d i,.o
ce ..... .u a,,.;-,t.,b:,,ad ko ddedh .,c on. cases arising out of the ate Creek war, and which o s of the hr ores ep ed intheSer T whoesease r ce r ;ht eira Gest hostilat t re l, ,

mand~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ttehehdhrndeed ereempltoiyeodnrin dtoheryteeminolbcem war.pssaTehesethescorviee; nt kohnto Genewrtall-schasiCemssaestimseatedl tiplceeGeera Jakso ina sateof
nrskee volunteers-andsal othocm force to Pursue a hand- have not been heretofore settled. thinggsswill happe;and'the only security we have against t le Indians-at twento-seven hundreds; a t t h-
f.,1 Mf -i.--Redsticks! But, had al this force, been This motin, also, was ,legatived. Suichmisapprehensions, is to legislate for particular cases you be ofo(pinion that oklr numbers are too small to beat
si :ie would.nehverTnsuffertrmilistaeenOcessryt Mr. The comnmitee then rose and reported the billa-,theyaurise.Air. S. would not now, l e said enter into the enemy, you -willcaex .
the rights of' this house, where, and where onlvy the Mr. STORRS Tpoved to postpone it indefinmtely. h th e general! os o r the e itos he s nt statesfor such an additional militia force as you may ,
t. wich these volunteers were c'aletn iltoservicer; but he deem requisite ; and, after noticing several orders tou t
peace and security of the people rested, le asked, who- Mr. COBB, of Georgia, opposed t he postpone- would state, for the sifting owg en, th tneral anr e onciudeditsac te tatim th o

tlc hee w o luld not pay theade senspasidand (emn.Wsi tsojc a orjc h il led s a fwscrai y enothisfacion o fgenlemento ,th atizethe Ge nderal Gins un, tonl des h hisIc t hepysating, wthrchi
thr these vo ters had been paid ; and demanded to meant, on the gtroud that there were.cases of losses arS-. house might expect a report on this ,hject. future view you may beprepared to concentrate our frce, and
know .what officer had a right to pay troops .called into ing under the Seminole WirI, which ought to be provided day, from a committee of which he I, ,.1 t'II h,-.,,..,. to be to adopt the necessarv measures to terminate t contest t
service without, any anthorint from the governments? pfor, even though others were not. He referred to the the Chairman. But there was one thing, he said, which whichit hais ever beenthesdesire'f theprsidont, from
Ought not the President to have commnieated te facet cases of %%.,.,,, ;m,,. ...o d into-the service, to transport lie knew no o ould ever understand, and on coniderationsof tolps, i toavod bewin estrnow
to thi,. houso,-thhat such a force had been called into ser'- the baggage and provisions of the,Georgia detachments whict, the house would probubl n be left in the dark. mae necessary bti;eirose'tied hostile ch is now
vce without ahority; but, bere s he colld co unter- of militia. Having proceeded into tle tenrior of 'tie There were officers engaged in that expedition, who These orders placed General Jackson in a slate of
mand them, lad rendered service to their couMtry-and country, tne roads became so impassable that they could were not known to thlaw at all-such a s Cwmamlssare ,erea res o tsibyis d scomealete oweaqt ther e
then asked of" Congress to compensate them ? Such, le not return, and were compelled to abandon andlose their Assistant Inspector Generals, Adjutant Generals, and oneito was vested in him. On the 1 th of January, 181tI
thought, would have been the proper cours e for the property. He hoped the hntlema WonlI wIithdraw M cajor General. As tfor the Indians, hc was at a loss to General Jacksonreceived teseirloer, whic e
President to ve pursued J. said lie would be al- Is mtion, i order to try this provision, at least, if thle comprehend how or where they got their grades of office, peraltive and urgent.I The state of affairs i tilesuthern
ways ready to pay ajmst debt, but he was ,,. ;;1;,,- bill. Being an independent nation, possibly thc y derived their cItlte uh d

Mr. C~wpox0f~ennesse~decline oin intoa A~r. ConnsBodn thanainobepcnoento oaeioo,1-poshobiyy thyycldemi his athuirtcmoy hrvywerehtiredmenn codletely action.nd e tipthat anmto seroe
pay .l,..-.who hald violaed tihe laws. of their country. Mr. STOR s declined withdrawing his motion, rank from the council of their owbu nations; f'th r eirhe dminne tes acki, At th tiles Maj r
te would not pay these sol.ersas cent. o", s it H tis object oas to reject the bill. Already the law otf was certainly nothing in our laws to authmize-the ap- under h isecomnd, to ascend the ipalachico ta river,
possible, he asked, that any portion of the people of this 1816 wa brought np as a precedent. If it was a "ad pointment of Indian officers. He hop-d the bil wod ,, .I e m ref t
conr, 1e reflcting, inteelige-nt people, as they were, precedent, as li behaved itto be, the rejection ofthis be indefinitely postponed. Should this motion preuoil par ty, w.a 'e1th o Jaoosaren dan 8e he enSot dsta d
n',l. r;"., re'enquired, whether or no the c......- i.,, bill woukldserve to abohsh it. \Vith respect to pr.ce.- lie pledged himself, so fau as he was concerned, to give by superior force oftht enemy, and the people oi the
police !adva right to rtse this force? Ife coul not be- dents, lihe went on to say, motives might acunale iat Con a air consideratiun s to case s, Coin i ,singly' before th.e se h e ve e oeo ee ten
,ieveit. WearegOingoonitoonra,,dly,said Mr.J. Loo.I, grss in passing a ar, vhichl woud no, operte O, al,, house, of such claims as would be emb raced by the bill "dls At tha t 1"1elet
whichever way we will, the public expenditures exdccd other Congress. He did not mean to allude now to the if passed into a law. Governor o Tennes.
tileestmats; e tre ustnow alld ol t suplya Csee was at Knoxville, 200 miles distant front Nashville.
Ist w sno de- motives W'llciinduced the passage ofthe act which had Mr. JOHNSON, of Virginia, said he had not in- What was the General to do ; how wiashe to act
-i Te a -r t.avy;evenh p a f he p, b beenretred to; but i e asked gentlemen to look over tended again to trouble the llouse oi thisquestion. Some he to send to the Governor of Tennessee, desiring him to
bturtiems astmatteareo expesesued e ptib l b o f' the ai ndi st the hs| of warr'lts issued under' thatt law. T hey \wold remarks, however, from an honorable gentleman fr'om orde tl" requisite number of militia to be rais?.,1 ? In,
accuraterst a%"' exeedb~ ~ed yaot a unde d tou there find that hundreds of tbousa idsof dollar had been New York, (Mr. Gross,) deserved notice. That honora- srndv dolas t- o;.,l Ou e ,a*: s.mn thicke up^ nsdr~ a, p'd tr lost horses and euipetllP "s, &c---nd dth^e act hi gentleman hiad been pleased' to say, that it was uu-' mle, ad the 'answer 200 relies, before the Generai
"'.. "olnvry. !,,i,,' .'.,"', ,"f.*'.",, ,\i"' '-es".-,l'-^ ha not "rtun."Ltely exrd he. had no .b t"e go.." worthy the dignity of" his House to g'et rid of this ques- would be intormcd of the m'asiire adopted by the Gov-

t;st ~o*Poei oo^w r or : ,o ef"etl hore '"**! ap ie sonyto nd the gentleman ; he did not know what h~e meant terward to wait until the nu~nber W.as raised, in confor-
publi expc rues, M J. sai d, were ne y"^ s a-eat as' n ; cal ""^ "^ ) ('?'a th ,a**u bycs te2 dignity of'this "lous. Was it unworthy tihe dig- mit* withtil te militia laws of Tennessee. Will it be said
ch first vear of the war. was this prope i a stat an., he bil wa to niu u nfrc o ,ty of thifs H ouse to get rid of an unjust elaim-a claini that G.enerald Jackson, in the situation he was in, and
p ce '"at he "sed VH .*w ,i vr yars rom fts passa^eso that, for any Hiorse used i the rrdbidvdalwohaeiotdtelasokoigtemltayprtproimadcii' o
salfed tronm this great .excditin, the losss in w'~l;bieh "nlw'*(yn~t tlei thatry terd lioate owne lawst oft iaton ao li Ior hie valesanuete ftieTnese iiia
the no "" was no w calneds on to muenn1f The had if .. ..1"6-m P f lam o ivle this be undignified, in his opinion, said Mr. JT. I shall not didl, ough~t to have so delayed ? No. The safety of the
bei nto 1d thmt tllis wg'orots evon*- ti done' '- pesud ii sl roh rsla i e ask the worthy gentleman from New York to permit his peo .1: .. evr ,iin olet i.oc.-.e 6 .do' l ars outii' oftha ar! *Thei bill "'ndeed*,wasi ful of de-stdado intyosqaeyacos.Iosdetle I uytoo.Otledyerciedleodr,
ei hicr rY t* ; *..T o the l ;n; ,,r f1 ,hte^al~i,;lai in ut !' 'teT, s- 'af h purpos of tcst'g thle ,sense~of thle standard of di'nis tosu are m^tiy aeenetions a cosduer the- a h dutyle to do nthe datyots othe reoplete ordeners
e r.r^:l '10 a "opls "ha ", m. r'- i hous nn th prinlo,",-" h had moved the indefinite digvnity of thisoue essnstttioln ofte conuntro, ande ob- t e apee. ddrsed to cirelatriotis eranmi of thlpolei enus
blded;' .... prtesti aceainstlh? oboet. thae,!r nint. con :postponement o the bil1 ; anld he must persist iu is sIrsan of atheionstittind shallwee nutry, tlatd we pothe see. Hcaddressedia cclarm tof terstain ofticers if tlhe
tl P ;3", .il r t-ue nient adi miotion that dignity, when we ask those who claim of us, by what southern country ; that the aid of one thousand mounted
Mr 'C(;1 ANXOVof T ennessee dclnehae (orni to a i ^n so [-t: 'caid(, th2atianobec;:l tio 'ato oneprovi authority they clahn? This argument ay have w.eight g'uu-men, completely armed and equipped, and tto serve
sessionsin not stinenh before the committee, but would,. another provision of the bill, acknowledged to be just. He dust in thie balance with those who weigh their honor you1 raise them, and be ready f'or the field in ten days
meey ,,i 5,, ,. ',. tbaf he^. cntrtn, ithe same view as therefore hoped" the bill would not be postponed, but and dni.rity in the"same scales a sI do."Neither would the An answer ia expected in five days, and it is anticipated
t''o ti e le'*va l!, o the foce 'a. thad be ,?'" expresse bv *.that it would be alm en"ded, and pJassed, &c-. [ ...."1 r*', ,* .I thle treasury, I hope, induce any gentleman to that tlhe number required is now ready ; and lhe informed

c ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~r :;,'.,n1te l rs,^' ftJ'rdunl onorw ,J. tiiat the President had made no compiaiint that the cers ra~'inf*" companies 7acre to commandf them ; and rcquest-
colp'us ,'r hxd hOu gcy.,, in" th alge vioh!ltion >f |-- General nead violated his orders; and intimated that n- ed the ntl"^er, and -ll such as could raise a company, to
",ir .t "tir -^ a ^h th';*1'! 'EDNESDA. Y, DEC 2 2. til the President complained, 'we ought, to take it for m"eet hinm at Nashville o, .tlhe .9th of'that month.
~ .., -* ... granted,' allhugh the letter and the record to the con- (>*' meltioJairy18,teGerlad
J" .. ; :. i > ,' ? s r g y y te T he house having? r'eStued the consideration u'ary are both before us, flint he did not. I, said Mr. J. dressed a letter to tlhe Governor of" Tennessee, then1 at
t'ry. Inrei-er~eneto th a)'m ,por.",'on of" 9') 000 '0 dol 'trsh itoT o ndfnt pspn-taentin o rntdwih scpbl fdmnsr-Koxil*taigt li ht ela ecie rdr la
refr-ed ro bS Stv ... .,', ...... o,,{ meatl beilf under consideratlon- ti'n.... .. .. until the test has been~applled. Look at the order .,.a fi'on,...t e, .. Presdent: .of.lhe Ui~ted. States. to repair to

11.1 "............-- 1' 1 .1. ,^- given to tells commander iin liiet, and let us examine tor rJ ".f rcFrt Georgia, withi instructions to call on1 the Gov-
.tr h l 'ti ,.t. t iorect-. tos, ot w orkoppoe 1too. ourselves whether he conformed to his orders. Mr. J. errors of the neighboring slates for such additional mi
...... ... t h I r npr'lati, .-1, He lt, the bil l '1 .eluita!le onee, and deemed it un- then quoted tle letter from. the 'War Department to tia force as may be deemed necessary to coaraer toe w
lr. c. sti:dbeflKcl-d thi, ap-,rol-priaiou was t to wo"rthy- ta thll dignity of the house to et re of tby a ques- eera Jafkson, directing him to repair to the frontier l1 the disposable regular force o tlhe southern viion
pply t other m mounted V'Itt-'ers ,ko, who w"'ere pree- iond postponeile"'it. The amount paid for the daily hire and take connmand of the forces assembled there, and, if' against the Seminoles ; that he had addressed a circular
v (" ," in s a*, Rav oF. whom \I cerv et unpaid ,Ile "tfthe hurses,to the-'"opwners, did not release the govern- h considered an additional force necessary, authorizhng to several of the brave officers who served with im dW-
tppropriatinn .," 09.0 0, hC preq eO, .va milt.endedl to meut t.rom responsibility tor their loss, by unavoidable acci. him to call on Me E'ecutives the aoiinin 'ta.jr de- i"g*tthe Creek Capaigo ;, that a timely address to the
C"ver a1 clabn 0Y moniqtd moeen,: .,o- ,Mo dIOse alone, : dents, or the negli/nceeof the agents of thegovernment tachnents of the militia, &c. That, he said, was tihe or- patriotismn of our citizens would enable him to effect, by
cause that m eo nior h bee deeed incessa nsupplying" tl mith forage. if the price thus K7iv!"der ; and, hle asked, whether the President of the United volunteer enlistments, what would otherwise have t 1e
Sforthose Aln the 8 )1 \v: t "he fr, the Ise o'whe horse wso hitl, i va ot n iet States could have given General Jackson any other or- done by dr:ft; thliat he had called for one tlo sand
twe indemnity, Mr. V.-sai1d"lt w.,ts tru, When .. te to discuss I hat point : it was the price fixed by law.-deis? Could the President himself have accepted the mounted men ; .and, if the appel( did prove ineffieacious,
-.wery thing necessary was provided hly gow,.rn ~t the | If the present state of the Treasury operated, o gentle- service of .ohtnteers .t Ifho had so doe, tie Preszdent that he would embrace the earliest opportunity ofmak-

ng the reqoisition on him for.a Lke number 7.'.;=lteB
On the 12th of January, 1818, he addressed letter to
he Secretary at War, acknowledging the receipt of his
orders of the 26th of December ; that he had noted the
contents, and would .***',m-l., attend to them ; and stat-
ngthat he had deemed it prudent and advisable to call
tom the west end of Tennessee for 1000 volunteer.
mounted gun-imcn, to serve during the campaign ; that
with this force, in conjunction with the regular troops, he
would act promptly, and, with the smiles of Heaven, suo'
essfully, against any force that could be conceitratedcby
he Seminoles and their auxiliaries. Hie stated the rea-
ons inducing him to call for these volunteers;' that the
fleet of the appeal he had made would be known by the
9th of that m rdt ; that hfelad \, riit, I, the G,-.,rnror
f Georgia to co,,i -,I uju in tli,, liehi the l'ji.lij men ri,-416reM
y General G:ti,,-s, .ir.I seated Ii reawiis for doings' ,
l3d th.At lie hoped It. letae Nashville on' the 22d of that
i.jnmlh. '..r Fort Scott. I I I .
On ll.: 19th of January, 1818, ;-ie addr.-,]:ed letter to
lie Governor.of Tennessee, informi,,g hr,, that rr, that
ay the officers had met him, and repoitr-d tiat two.. r-
-iments of mounted gun-men would rendezvous at Fay- ,
tteville, on tlhe 31st of that month, prepared and equip.
ped for a tour of six months; and on the 20th of same
month he wrote to the Secretary at War, from Nashville,
taking that the officers had, on the preceding day. met
him it l,.I, place. -In 1,[ given et cry as.Lur.ne of'tbcII r abil-
v toassemble tut,-g rn, ,irs l'nou r., p gn-men I,% the
,lst of that n-.ord, t '5 ,i d i.Y d t,.d |i,..,rt ,,h the
n western part of that state ;" that he had ordered them to
rendezvous at Fayetteville, and that he Would leave Nash-
ville on dte 22d of IftV. t nmtl,, f.,r F,,rt Scott. Wiith tl:s
better hlie inclosed (,,pici,.. t kitLrs f'iui ( L .ioncl .rbil.cKle
and Major Muhlenburg,, re-ewng" tit the. former must
r triu n inaciT ,:, a.,d thl'.,t tle IAtor ,.as iti r, rn in d:anscer,,
.us1 siniill .
On the 21st January, 1818, General Jackson issued or-
ders to Colonel A. P. Hayne, Inspector General, to repair
to Fayetteville on the 31st, and there muster and receive
nto the service of the United States, for six months, if
not sooner discharged, two regiments of mounted volun-
teers, and to conduct them by the most direct and practi-
cable route, to Fort Scott. General Jackson set out from
Nashville on.the 22d of that month, for Fort Sc,,ti. Let-
tre.s fioi,, Ins,.ecto: General Hayne,.of the 9th.and 13th of :
'el b uti, 1;1', to thle Secretary at War, inform that the
volunteers'. :I.:,: m,.:. tered .,t r ettn;ii-, :ad bh m,,rrch.
ed Io the ,utJlh l,. IIk Iol Tei.i .ee r..t' r. Thi. SIe pro-
ceedings inaiftest the promptitude with which General
Jackson executed the ol-ders of the Executivei and he
had reason to expect that his prrfc.:.;.-"- ,, o,,ld be ap-
proved by the Execulive ofthb L.lw.. I ivt>3 an-,..l by the
Governor of Tennessee.. His proceedings were approved .
by. the Executive of thle Unite States, as will appeal by
letters ofthe 28th Tan.1ri --f tlhc th of r :biuinr, iarid
7th of March, 1 .1.i., ljn :hl .-:CIr.t ry at War to irm.
The Governor of Tennessee, in extracts of two letters,
dated M.-i iL ebt..,ji.gh, April 6th, 1318,, to Gen. Jack-
son, staC-s tl.it lie h:had received his letter of the llth
January, ut KInoI .'-,,:,+ ",,governniientt; that that letter
andhis l..rer LtI ti,. i9th ,:.t January had reached liim by
the mail ., -,' an ..., i,.,r n,,:.dt ofraisingthose, troops
met my c L-,.re .,pp, .l.'Ji.ni, ind I gave it my support, in
filing |-:I] .||In Duilalp n racing a company opi'mounted
%.-Iu].i.cr, at South West Point, which, I have since
learned, jiri ed. ....r a ,rm ,0 Fort (., .,jel." The chit.
z'-zr. -.. 1 Iehnr.--..c: I.' e, "r...: tle e crlc.sitim :o; L., e ln. ill1
the habit of voluntarily performing military'duties, not
only when they were part of the state of North Carolina,
but also when under, the government' of the territory
south ofthe river Ohio, and also since they have been the
state of Tennessee.
In the years. 1776, 1779, and 1780 they vere engaged
in war with the Cherokee Indians, arid were ..uc,_i .ful.
i ll6.. % i-' 1780, cdiriog ,ht re"oli'..,',r w ar. ltr Brit-
,sh 'r...,p aided b ,i n.-,',.., b nd i .t r .I ies, Idl cr-
rIn a ar,'r part of Georg;a, of .'.,uth an INorlth ,(i.i-
ni. "I he British arim, con.ra..uird hI gr,1i1Al Coirnal-
lia, after the fatal b ile 1 :. ,mdr :i,. k. -,..la- .. n,1- C st-
wardly, and the .:-. lebr e.1 prti- ..Ihcc.r Ftreiion,
with about twelve hundred British and stories, had advan-'
ced near to the mountains on thle east side ; these things
being heard on the west side of the mountains, a corps
ot ,irr ut lil rr n.rie laundrih c-,] riOun'iT.:.1 -. l r .- ':s:i-. ih.irnL
C l sh,:[l_,d l the% ": ; i ', rt.ssd |li-,ir.un"
ai,.. an.i, ,h,,gjoined bysome volunteers of Sotith and
North Carolina, pursued Fergnson and his troops, came
up with and attacked him on King's mountain, on the 7th
of October, 1780, and gained a complete victory Fer-
guson, with several hundred of his troops, fell in the
battle ; the residue taken prisoners. Oil the 30th Nov-
1780,.Congress paised- a re,.,c,.ted .prere;i.< e.h high.
sense ente-tained of( [ie ',r,-d *,i t nliv.rarn t-.lucet of
colonel Campbell, ,i, A i....oi .-"-and privates of thicnim
htia under his comImand, displayed in thle action. r-
Mr. Rhea said lie could sneak oof the various milita-ry
operations carried against tie hostile 1,i1;,,,. i,% volun-
teers under'command of general Sevier, between tile
years 1784 and 1789, itn which the Indians were defeated.
Soon after the treaty ofHolston, in 1791, the Cherokees
bhegu a another war, which continued some.years; during
wh:eih, the citizens of the then territory south-of the ri-
ver Ohic, re.: h.rt o d.:f.-,,, t.Inmselves,; and they did
d,:T:,,.l t1 ,-' -.:h, ;. r.l A.'.r.:e- th,:. Indians to be at rest
l'r,,,.n2 thnc. Mr. It. said-he need not speak ofthe roi-
h1 -I .ar.,-,rr ,1i1d g:;od cond- tof tile militia of Temiessee,
under command of. General Jackson, during the late
Creek war, or ofthe thousands of them who were under
his command inthe defence of New Or leans, or of the
thousands of them who' were at Mobile, under General
Winchester.-, He said he spoke of these past events, to
shew tlhat th e ti-' -, of Tr-.,,-,,5e .... more disposed
toperform 0I,,,, ,, ti) I ..mdt-,, ,I. Ihn sd otherwise.-
General Jackson klnewv their disposition and patriotism,
and, as he observed in his letter of the 19th January,
1818, bad circumstances permitted, and time would have
allowed, and the emergency doemanlded an appeal to the
whole state he had noi doubt but five thousand men could
have been raised. From what has been said on this
subject, it evidently follows, that General Jackson did not
raise an army of his own.
The next point is, how were these volunteers officer-
ed? TheI.constitution of Tennessee was made in Feb-
ruary, 1796. It provides that the militia shall elect all
officers under the grade of general, officers; that the
field officers shall elect their brigadier generals, and that
the brigadier generals and field officers shall elect their
major generals. Hence, it follows, that the militia of
Tennessee, when on military duty, are under command
of officers of their own choice. General Jackson, in his
circular to the militia officers, tells them that the grade
ot teir office-s to Ibe determined by themselves or ti
platoon officers ofsthe regiment, and tce officers raising
companies to, command them. When these brave men
nmet him at Nashville on tlhe 19th of Januarv, and request-
ed him to appoint tlhe officers, he promptflv refused, anod
replied, "agree among" yourselve's as to your officers."
He stated he would appoint colonel Hayne to lead them
to Fort Scott. The officers then agreed that colonel R.
II D v cr shouhldcom m and th e first a d co ne T W l
li'unson tlhe second regiment. The uther field officers
were then "agreed on by the meeting". The general sta t-
ed to them tlhe number of officers on the peace establish-
ment ; the officers replied, that by experience they had
,found that horsemen required more officers thau foot-
men. He then said to them ," organize yourselves in a
way you think proper : it will rest w'ith tlhe Government."
This, then, said Mr. R. appears to be the state of the
ease relative to these volunteer officers;: that they, being'
officers of the militia, did agree upon and determine their
respective commands in that brigade of volunteers. The
letter of colonel Ilayue, dated near Favetteville, 9th
February, 1818, to the Secretary at War, ffurther eluei-
d '" tn sj"ct ot oe officer in that brigade of
volunteers was commissioned by General Jackson'.
The Secretary at War, .in his letter of the 8th of Feb-
ruary, 1818, to Genera| Jackson, acquaints him \ ith the
entire approbation of the Pros dent, of all the measures
which he had adopted to termnulnae the war with thle hI-
dians ; and then states,", the honor of our armv, as well as
th~e interest of our country, require that it houkd be ter-
minatted .as speedily as ipracticable ; and the confidence

reposed in yiour skdt aid -ptromptitude, asures ts that
peace will be restored oil such conditions, as wil l make
it honorable and permanent." These words convey, in
the strongest language, ideas of the most powerful effect
on the human mind. The same ideas are conveyed, al-
though not in such explicit and strong terms, in the letter
of the 26th December, 1817. These words contain a
conmnand to General Jackson to terminate the war, ani
his skit) and promptitude are relied on. These words a
contain an appeal to him for the honor of our army, of
which he then was, and now .s, an officer of the higiieqt
grade. They contain an appeal to him as a patrio for
the interest of our country. He was commanded to tir-

tinate the waras speedy as practicable, and ample pow- Iso to do ; but to refuse them payment of a claim set up should receive pensions for bodily injuries incurred in .Marshal's Office of
er was confided to him to terminate it. Suppose lie had for having done that which they had no right to do. No the service.
not exercised that power? He did exercise it. He could commander could have rai.,ed these troops without their The House adjourned without deciding the NOTICE is hereby
not terminate the war without additional force. He own consent. for it .is vain to tell m -, said Mr. J. that, if question. ors, jnVitre-.c_ and
called forthat additional force; it arose, it came volun- any portion ofthe people of this country should be call- iUtasDAY, oEC. o.. that th, i- .1l_,la C;
tarilyr .Ta,,rrc,, .r ,.h th _,h... composed ofas brave edon to leave heir homes to make ariiditarv excursion T "".[ "i C that the l rv i l i Ci
men as ('- d ,... T war was terminated to beyondthe limits of the United Sttcs, to set A vote vas this morning passed, on motion of of Colub, .r il..
the honor of our army, and to the"interest ofourcountry, forth without first enquiring whether tie laws of the Mr Foot, of Connecticut, calling for certain in stands ournedto
without violating the Constitution ofthe United States, or country justify the expeditn. formation respecting the payment for horses lost an ore to
the Constitution of Tennessee. Mr. SMITH, of Maryland, said the question during the British war, &c. and the rules of de- instantrat lo o'clock,
The people of Tennessee have for, many years been now seemed to be, whether the 1 iar carried on ,against cisi, established in such cases. at the building lately
fighting for the honor and interest of our country ; the Seminole Indians was a lenalwar.. If,.by "a ltgai wars, V hen the bill was called up, which was the ofthe United States.
kind, wherever they fought, they have been successful. gentlemen meant a war.prccedd by a declaration by Con-
Previous to the late Seminole war, they had 'put down gress, it was not. But it was an authorized war, as being subjectof the above Debate, a motion was madd by TE
pl the contiguous hostile tribes of Indians, arid were in c, r;i-. 1 1..i .1... .ir iiig.. If li he rec-lcctedt right, tiere Mr. Foot,to postpone it,till this infor-ation should Jan 4, 820
peace, in safetv ...l .-.i1 c.fr ..l.,r.n' What, but pure pa- ,. .-,, .pl.i,,: .,,1 i.ri,-i Georgia for Ithie deflnce be received. The motion was opposed by Li .r i
triotism, could' i-,,. I...-e o- 1 i.- ..i -.L. ve men voluntari- .of the frontier: a M .. .. on "I. ,.i -t -.. n. M essrs .*.,.,,t/, 'and Jones, blut prevailed, by a '
ly to rise and leave theipcomfiortable homes, in the most to Congress, and or. i. I h (Il i :I .,r.. l.:, Remann in t
inclement season of theyear, to march hundreds of miles appropriation was made to pay ti.: I...ii.i '.1.1.ii. 11. vote of 82 to 60. ng in the I
I-rnoniitr;n., h sug.:r, -. l. and hardships of every kind, .ohnson said, his objection to the legasty of the war, re- The bill has not since been called up. .RoNS alyinefo
in swamps, morasses, and desert., passing deep waters, feared only to the use of volunteers wittht the eutho- P a will please say they
anrd ..t'nniirg -i .crs. They encountered these diffictil- rity of law.] Mr. Smith resumed. In the-session of" 117-18. 'wmie sy t-v
I,-, .;.~I I..-:hi ; '.i th a savage enemy-that enemy was saidlie, we knew that a war existed between us and the --Nr l -',7', may not get them.
subdile, r..l p.: ,c- restored to our southern frontiers. Seminoles ; that the war must be carried on ; and,, for j I ,-i
To the suffering of such privations, and enduring sttch carrying it on, we appropriated a sum of money. An -Anderson Samuel
hardships, and fightingvwith suchli an enemy, the conside- order was given to General Jackson to proceed and to don Thiomas B
ration of pay was nothing to these volunteers; but they take c..rn,,.r.inl -.I ii: li.'l., fi..r'- ; and a discretion was Addiso Is
have the greatest reward, the approbation of tc l i..t given i... I.l, ii '-. -- 1 .... t- n -. =1 -,. i.- was not T_ U.. *,ns : '\i,',,, ',....
majority, if not all, ofthe people of this nation; i.- I it-s sufficient, to call for anl) ,..-i 1 ... -.... -..1' vhinch lie ..
have the approbation ofthe President ofthe UnitedStates, might find necessary. >..... 1.. .-. .* ---- ---- ...J Jhi
and the voice of the people is with him. know, where was the difference between a ,n I i l Aerson Sael T
I hope, said Mr. R. this bill will not be postponed; tia, andascall for volunteers from that very militia. The The desire to include, in one paper, the whole A.nde' soTi Sarmel.
but that it will become a law; to the end, that the pa- gentleman from, Virginia had said, that the. volunteers, sketch of the Debate on the bill to provide for
tri ,tic volunteers who accompanied General Jackson during the war with Great Britain, were authorized by
may be indemnified for their property lost in that war. law, and were then legal ; but otherwise not legal. The the payment for property lost, captured, and de- Bheall Di.J g
lHe said, that,in the course of his observations, he had un- volunteers authorized by law, during the lBritish war, stroyed in the Seminole War, obliges us to defer i,...... -..,i,
avoidably been led to notice some of the exertions made i were for 12 months, and officered by the President of until our next a particular re rt of the Cn- ,i' ot h C '' Bt
to support the honor and safety of the United States, byIthe United-States, and not militia volunteers. The regu- ou next a icu
the people of Tennessee, one of who-e R-pres-nt 'ivcs lar mode of drafting the militia, Ar.'S. said, was to take, gressional Proceedings of,yesterday. ,B.i..i...i l
he had the honoi- to.be, and that he e.r .,.i.i.i IJ.:.I.ne by lot, a sufficient ntumnber ; but, if time did not permit In rh Sr m-i r, Mr. i"u.-;f! i f. Johtnson a Se- ----- ..- ..-
in being the Representative of such people, this operation, volunteers were called for. Still, though ..
Mr. Gnoss, of New-York, said he had not volunteers, they were militia, to all intents and purposes, nator from Kentucky, il Ithr. I u-, i of Mr. Crit.- linulZadiarinal
given itas his opinion,that it does not become the digni- and not volunteer soldier.,. At the time General Jackson tenclen, resigned', appeared and took his seat. BIiddle Major Thomas
ty of the House to get rid of an unjust claim. If the received the orders which placed him in actual corn- consideration of Mr. Looan's resolution iriank Ezra s
claim was unjust, it would be better to meet a claim di- mand of the forces operating against the Seminoles, he The consideratio of ur. oas reso Btion [ g u
rectlythan to get rid of it in a side-way manner. But he was not at the seatof government of Tennessee. .-.-i.-..i' -.- an enquiry respecting the Eank of the United i[rent Jr Willnam
could not conceive wherein was the .injustice of this to terminate the war as early as practicable, he .. ll .1 ,, t Ordr f the fr thi Tho
claim. Wasit t,,,ir,, when citizens were in the service volunteers; he linformedthe Governorof Tennessee that states was moide the Order of the Day fo1 this -o 's ileiijamin
oftheir country, and lost their property by the neglect he had done so, and the Governor approved thie act. It day.
of its officers, that they should be compensated for the is a very cormieon tning to take volunteers- who offer i :The bill for the admission of the state of Maine Chiapman John G
loss? Was -hI, ,i.-rl.,in.I 1,- jit. because they had mag. themselves, instead of making a draft from the militia. ..,, ,n i .-et S
unanimously answeredthe r11 ,il'f General Jackson to fol- When Baltimore was in danger, the. militia of the ad-- into tIhe Union, received from the House of Re- ,, .:,-. Mary-
low him to the field in defence oftheir country, when he joining state of Pennsylvania were in an extraordinary si- presentatives yesterday was, after some debate, Clark James
was cei AAn r.I th- piipr.'.L.at.i...i, i.e ountrvofhis con- tuation. The Militia Law had ceased to exist, and not a rese es ooseraaftersoe debateClak Ja t saa
duct, a&,d n... i,.. u v. .. .:- L., the only person main the state had a valid commission. But they did postponed to Wednesday. Carroil David
whose a.i.onriry crld- b. i1p.-'.Tl ir. be encroached up- not wait for law or for orders: they came to Baltimore, IJ, the HousE OF REPRESENTATIVES, the bill Clements Alban
on ? Had this person, the Governor of Tennessee, comn- in number 1500. What did the Commanding Officer ato th Crlr ai Turner
plained of General Jackson's conduct ? Had he shewn Baltimore do ? Did he turn them away ? No; le took for the admission of the state-.f ,l i.t)e into the Crihok-e, FMsoTurner
any disapprobation of it, or made ,any remonstrance them into service; he desired them tochoose their coni- Union was read a third time, passed, and sent to .. Governor
against this act of the General ? No, sir, said Mr Gross: pany officers, & that the latter should choose their field ena as v noticed C ch i illiam
'he, too, Ipresume, felt and acted from the same patrio- officers. It was done; and these men were paid the Senate as ve noicedhun Lt illiam
tic mnotivesas these volunteers. When measures were for their services .Jir;-i, the whole time they were so Thle report of the committee of Claims, unfa- Custis Mrs K P
ta-ken to save his country, he did not stand upon his dig- embodied. With regard to this bill, Mr. S. considered voiable to the petition of Samuel H1 ghes, was Carpenter William
nity. So far from it, that it appears, from every thing the law of 1816 as a complete precedent for it, and not an t i
we see, that the Governor approved the whole conduct unjust one. When men go into service as mounted, vo- discussed in committee of the whole, miid affirm- p., Thomans S
of General Jackson. But suppose the Governor had hinteers, they are taughtto believe the government will ed by a large majority. I', .. A Mrs i.annahi
even found fault with it, does it appear, said Mr. G. that furnish them with forage, and if the government does not Dixter `:i,1i W
these generous Tennesseeians had any other object in furnish the forage, it is morally bound to pay for the The bill to authorize the Commissioner of the Dolphei Thomas
view than the public good ? Is it just, then, in answer to losses sustained in consequence of such failure. General Land Office to remit the instalments due Doyne Mi- ss'ah
these claims for losses sustained, to tell them, you acted Mr StMYTH, of Virginia, said that he had hoped on certain lots in Shawnectown, i the state of aidsoCol orge
under the authority and direction ofa man who had not a never again to have occasion to speak in that house in the state of
strict legal right to call for your servi,... -' ,..-..i l,- .-Id.,c concerning the Seminole war; that he would liot now say Illinois, was discussed in committee of the whole, vans Jesse
Iam as sensible, as any one can be ..'n' '- r ,,1 .al,. I a word on the subject, were it noi that it appeared to ,anrd rejected by the house. Mr. Cook was its % :h Thoimas
nience in these matters,Imust con-::-, sul -,: .I d, .... ,. .. -..., u.h. ,I,.....i ,y somegentlemenwhohadad- -ih o i
not think it the proper course. As I.' tli.- afe-.pti....rit-ir.i ,, I,. -g, i, i l supporter; Mr. B. _ichtt, of Vha. its
..I ,ci lh ,I .t. ii, p..k.-rn..I. is rn.,li.,. .. ti- I pui, p Wh en petitioners apply, said Mr, S. tp this body, it is principal opponent Fuenwi k Col Johne RA
., i t pr. .-nt D.:b ,c i m .l rot m .l f.-,I.' the- puj ... an admission,,on their hpart, that the existing laws.will Farrida_ Jt-
..- pa. ,.g i or, t I...- .I tithe l.-rses, but for the use.of not relieve them. A critical examination of what the law .'r h ,. .C. 31 |'"sler 1Viliam
t.n. iii.l.-ri lh. p-i. t t.1. l.,, ,a volunteer, losing his is,seems, therefore, unnecessary. The proper question 5'' it, i PForrste Wirshlianem
hr-ni ,. ,ir ,.iih t:.i hie ,eeifthiswasJtsticeoreqity,. Juh Baker, Ests. Is B' 'Forrest lirsi ane
... '- ... :.1 .m. t this wasjusticeor equity, to be considered here is-what does justice require to Anthony t. John Bake, Es. is ritannc
_.. .. U. -, t1---- In. -.n-i .-..-. 11 understand them. be done? Majesty's Consul G(enerai for tlhe United S't-5ea' ;-sres Mt
Mr. J...- i.i ', when these mounted .volun- It has been said by some gentlemen that the horses, arrived here this forenoon, in the British packet Gr..ves Mrs isnhella
teers were called into service, it was on the condition for which compensation is now claimed, were lost in ai Prip cess Elizabeth, from Falmnouth. ireat James.A
ofreceiving a certain sum per month ftu' ,l,.;r services, illegal war. That is a mistake. if gentlemen will exam- (-l.rdon William
and a certain amount per day for the use ot each horse- ine the act, entitled "An act to encrcase the pa) -Gales Cornelins
-2, l te g-.:.c -r,,r..iii. 1,..l further contracted to furnish of the militia while in actual service, and for other THE GRAND ROY:XL ARCHI CHAI'TEAt, (iardnlr Davido A
i i -i: .. n..n1 |ru i..... ,. adin thcir .horses witI foraeg-c purpoE.- *" ?. --t on thi e 20ithday of April, 1818, an, t in V i' ,,. 5 ,,, .II' M ,, .,ii ..... ''-I n,,..i of Coltumbia, Gardner Miss Elizabeth
If, ,nrn -. ii i.u i i. i te latfeu I ..r i,. mianyof them wlich ..n i. I.,'',i at page 94of thle aots ofthiatsession, m i ll i.. I .,1,,, .i .-. .. i i .n m the it;> oi' G ce'n 'ie Lt
l...i. li ,'r In., .:'- onught not ti. i ,.1. s.,inn.:rt to compen- theywill find that Coigress declared the war. in ithat Washington, on Ti:esday the 11th of Janunry, at l0
sate their loss ? But, it was said, these men had been act- act it is declared that tne widlows and orphans of ihe no- o'clock, A. M. Houston Mrsi Harriet
ing without aiti,.t sN i' from their country, and therefore litia called into service, or w1io may be called into said 'ijan 4- BENJAMiN EDFS, G. R A. Sec'y, iall Josephi C
ought not to be paid. It would be w, 11 iu r us to reinem- service, "nina pmusecutiig stud war" against tile Seninol. Henry Joseph
her, satId Ar.J. that not only the Prv deo t of the United Indians, and die or be killed in service, snah ii.\e pesn- I in t ) nr
States has recognized the legality of tieir service, but sions. liere is an acknow edgcment of tile existing state O "IO 1ENT, lolnes] )jan l.)
that Congress itself has passed a law to pay these men of war between the United States and tie Seminole In- A STABLE and Cr-'., House, attached to one of leie Joh
f for their ser-ices. Had not Congress, Mr. J. asked, b, dians; and such a recognition is tie only declaration uf l the dwellings or ti-e seven-buildings. Thie Stable Haelrt \lillaiam
so doing, sanctioned the employment of these men ? He war necesasry to be made by C)ongress in any case. will contain three horses, and the Carriage House is suf- lornell Miss Harriet
contendedi, i in.h. W'. im rI.. -p-,e..t to the commissions It has also been said that the troops employed were ficiently large for two carriages. Enquire of Mrs. Coo-
issued to -Ir 111. .s- ':...mm.ii..ligi these volunteers, re- raised by the General himself without any legal authority; lidge, 7 buildings. Irvne Miss Mar
.', ci;s, 'hich:an enquiry had been made by the gen- his own army. If gentlemen will turn to page 100 of the jan 4-3t. Jackson Tnmas Mary
:1'...r i t"rin Virginia, Mr. J. said he did not know.that acts of the same session of Congress, they will find tius .somes F James
they had any, except the voice of those whom they appropriation: "For expenses of mounted volunteers, POS'PONiiED SALFE. Johinson William
.commanded. .lie had. himself, he said, had the honor to ninety thousand dollars." This appropriation of money .J
command a volunteer corps for three or four months, to pay a description of troops not previously autnorize SALE OF IMP1ROVED lIEALt PROPERTY FOR Kemper Col Reuben
and he never had a commission. The government re- by any existing law; a force which consisted neither of TAXES. :" II...,- Augustus
cognized and paid him for his services, though without a regulars nor inihtia, as organized by law ; was in itself an ir l.S Nathaniel
commission; and they had in the amei manner paid autulority to employ the kindot troops described, to wit: LLbe soldat public sale, on the 24th day of Nathaniel
others doing the same lb1,:'-l-fih, .mhin i...i).t of their mounted volunteers." Congress could not mean, by ,' Norember next, at the CmnilChambertbe fo-
country. These men, 1.- u.lite.-J, d,u ,...t ..-i.,,- :,I a favor, this description, the militia, organized and offlicered by lowing described property, or such part thereof as may Lomax E nrd
bat as a matter of right, the payment for their horses the states ; but volunteers, organized and otiicered ac- be necessary to satisty the Corporation .of the city of tesiorn r John
killed in battle or perished for want of food. And, Mr. cording to t he usae of volunteers. That usage is for t v.,.....- n, for taxes due, with costs and charges, -nless Little John i
J. said, -m ,.i|InI was due, in acti g on this subject, to the men to assemble and elect their own oticers, whose previously pail to the .* r Love Charles J
good pohicy-which seemed to lhim to require that Con- ,.,; ,....i 1.1. iithey iare received into the sur- Personsassessed. property. Tax due Lynch Anmbrose
giress should not disappoint that confidence which the i,:-,. 1,, -.1 -.. n.ici i!... volunteers who make tins claim Dolls. I'ts Lowe Lloyd M
soldier has that he will be paid by the go emrnent for were raised, ( r.,- ;-...'.. and officered, and this mode of James Barry's heirs the i..holoe of square east
his services and losses. If this bill should not pass, the conferring rank was peculiarly proper in Tennessee, of 6b2, anI'r te improve- MurrIiay Cyrus WV
effect of the refusal might be expected to be found in where, cy thile miutma law of itle state, the mten elect mu ut tterepn 234 12 Morte Peter
'the event of another war, if their services should be their oincersunder a certain grace, and he I tier grades Robert Hendley 48'i.3 sq. feet in square Moutandon II L
again wanting. ae filled by an election made by" the officers. ., ,,.. 742, and th.e improve- Middtetoin JamIs
Mr. CANNON spoke to the point of the appro- having authorized the employment of such regular ments thereon 72 74 Maddox Williusan It
' priation 'of 90,000 dollars, said to have been appropriated troops, it does not appear to have been important wic- George St. Clair lot 5, in squareJ759,& tile 1 Martin Susan
for paying for hke n-..,, 1..J men employed in the Semi- there tie call on the piatriotIsm of the young men tilhe iraprovemecnts thereon 14 37 M n, 'ne II ,.,, ,I n
nole war. so .,-I 1.II..-,. 11' on this subject, he had ad- country was made by the President, by the becretar) et Sale to commence at 10 o'clock, a m.-Terms, cash. Marsh Norris D C
dressed a note to thie Paymaster General, to which ire War, or by tLe commanding Generial. They were mus.- WM. INGLE,I
h-ad jist received an answer, which he read to shew that tered into the service o the Unitted sates, and they did nct 2-wts Collector 3d Ward. McDonald Wil'iam
his first impressions on the subject were now confirmed. tlhlcr duty. Those are tue material facts i thle case. IL:J-rThe above sale is further postponed to Meohlwee Tlhomnas B
{Tlhi: note gave direct, but brief answers to several Had inlitia been called for by the commaniiny Gene- Monday the 17th inst. at the hour and place McCoy James IH
questions propounded by Mr. Cannon, the must material ral under tile orders which have been real, tle call above mentioned. MeCallaeRobt P
of which waste whetherr a part of tlie 90,000 dollars in would necessarily h ave been made on lthe governor of McEl, Jons
question had nor been applied to the payment for the use Teimliessee ; but, as the act of Congress atttiorized the Jn l 4-ets MeLan LtJae
of horses during the lati-. war with England, which had employment of" mounted voiinteers," no call ot the i
not been previously paid for ? To which the answer was, governor seems to nave been necessary. It was not nle- TilE GREAT v WESTERN U. S. MAIL. Nicholsnn Auniisttis A
Yes.1 if, ir. C. said, thie Secretary ofAWar, or any one ccssari that tily should procuie his approbation before CI'IIL new line tCf Pest Coaches, for Frederick T own, Nelson Captt Joseph S
e!sc, had d.' ", i i..,-nthe letter ofthe appropriation i the rendered their ser ices, nor was it necessary ti-lt A this day takes the Mail, under a late contract with Newel Mr
thisor any v.. ,- .. he hoped the house would not vl "o t ...n. ...-.. i, cnicral should procure his approbation the h .. .. r...t..th, accompanied with a. Guard, at tthe, ex-
sit his sins upon the citizensoliers of the county. And i .*. -' ,their uiicreeWd services. uft respect pe -. ..l Il. ,..,prietor. 0 O G
firt!-,er, without going i..to the question of legality of or- for thiguoveriior induced tit e cmiiuinding- Generar to in. It leaves tIe Mausiou i -.....I, .r-tr..hi. '-.) VWashlimtgton, Ottcson John
dots, or becomh-g tine advocate of the Major Cenetal in tbr'n ninii of thie course pursued, which met his entire at 3, a. in. on Sundays, In ,... ti-, nu,,l I hlimrshays, where Obcu- John
res; rc- to that. e:npaign, he would say thus much: if approoatuon. please apply for seats. Returning, it leaves the Post Of-
tlh.s (fidcer had acted mcorrectlv, let the punishment fall The employment of moimted volunteers-having been rice in --reddrick Town, (where seats can be taken,) Polk LtEdlwar-d
en -t--s., v rot on those who acted nnicr hitis, in a sub- expre-sslv autitoiaized by law, and such troops having beei which is next door to Mrs. Kimbol's famous Old Stand, at Pmibble Capt .Iohn s
or inate eapa.ci: Mr. C. said he would go as far as any employed in c, mfornrity to the law, tihe question which at 10 a. ion Mondays, Vednlesdays, and teridays, and Pumptrcy JaWnes
on,-, here at officer had, Ias was now contended, tramp- arises is-whetier is :just that they should receive coni- arives Mil W'shington at an early hour in the evenirng. Perh-nk W t
ledt oi the liberties <;t the country, to punish him there- ppensationfor lirses lost in thh service ? Every mounted 'hie Mail is renilarkably warm, easy, and comfortable. Porter hn Puter B
for .ut, said he, we have no rs iht to extend the punish- volunteei- who lost h.is norse in the war with Great Bri- The .drivers sklful, sober, and polite. T he horses shall Prter Augiuts
ment to those whio ranged themselves under the officers taim received fi'om the government another horse in re- iot be excelled by the Opposition, r any that can be pi-e Thomas ane
whom you have appointed to command. turn, and, aler having received such other hrs he put uponthe e t he road. This C-. ._.t ;,.c, M-, and Patterson Wm
Mr. JotserS, of Virginia, said hse (id not rise was allowed 40 cents per day for the use thereof. As six iuside.passengers only, .1 .,,n .It 1, .I..*r., I,-, 1 Polk David P
to enter anew ito the discussion of this subject, but t the mounted volunteers who served in the Seminole war, with thel Great Western M s, Lir, m ,.,, ass rIdo o
notice remark or tin- gentleman from Tentesset, over and lost tieir horses, did not receive other horses in their that il passeisgers going i it miy be asied of oHtusain- Qu
lo.e way. i' am y tlagr toe r to s e d of: stead;,it seems to be just that they should receive t ile va- i!? their seats ii ml" e Westemn Stages for Hag-eistown,
precedit a ts gve ee, th cse se tat by the e otth e ilorses lost. Just ice is equal; and the same Cum berland, Pittsiburgh, and Wheeling, without any fear Riard E
gentleman from Temnessee (Mr. Jones) wouldconclustve m neasre ot justice should be rendered to the mounted o disappominit ES E JONES Robinson Wm T
ly confirm i'. To what. said Mr. J. are we referred ? To vohimteers wo served i te Seminole war thit ws ren- MidAlebrook Mills, ihrdsoanuaryn me P
the. I r- of list session tir the pay of those per-: dered to tie mounted volunteers whlo served in the war Middhebrook Mills, alsuary 2, 1a20. Reynolds Etineh
sono.. t .J ,, the 'Scn)inrohc expedvioni. Aii ld ak wtha Great Br-'tain. N N. B. Passengers will be put down at Mr. Crawford's, Reavea }Ienry
those meters, who were members of the last C...- Let not the claim of those highly meritorious men be or any other house on the direct rout to the General
to say what was tile state of facts on this subje, I ,.I prejudiced by any remarks that have been made on the Post Office. ,,.,,, James
we know, at the time that ithirfee or four weeks were conduct of the commanding general in tilat campaign. jan 4-4t -. L CiarlesL
spent in the discussion of the .... arising out of the It is not General Jackson who makes the claim. Stout Ebenezer
Seminole war, that General .ackson had, of his own au- Ite asks nothing of the government. This application EDUCATION. Syhester Lewis C
tlorit\, organized a volunteer force? No, sir; the Pres- comes from the gallant men who, at his call, flew to the A YOUNG Gentleman, who can produce good testimo- Stwyht nrs
-dent ',f the Un-ted Stati:s, or tlIe Secretary of War, for defence of their country. Sir, we should cherishli the sa- nials of his moral character and literary qualifica- Sullivan John L
reasons bast known to themselves, did not transmit to cred fire that burns in the breasts ofthe men ofTennes- tions, wants a situation as a Tutor, either in a IPublic Stevens John

'Congress the dtocumnent establishing that fact. It was see. They stand distinguished in the foremost rank of School or in a Private Family. lie will engage to teach Stevens James I)
juss tt te close of the session that,lin a report made by the patriots and heroes of the United States. the Latia and Greek Languages, and various branches Swarts David
a committee of the Senate, the document was first dis- Mr. STEVENS5 of Conn..made a few observa- of the Mathematics, Geography, -English Granimmar, &c. Smith drIJames
closed. We, said 5lr..'. until that report was made, knew tons .4-,-i the indefinite postponement, preferring that Any person wishing to employ him will please to apply StewartJohn A
no' inr g either of tle use of these volunteers, or of the the ..ld take ther bills. A- to Thomas I. Gilliss, Esq. Washington City. Srue Josithi
order to Gen a une, to take possession of St. Augustine. iendments might be made to it which would make it jas 4-eo2w tt A 'er
'Thii3.iact came ,it in consequence oft al investigation by acceptable even to those now opposed to it. The princi- T
the Senate commuitt e. is,then, our appropriation, made i pis of the bill, it appeared, ihad been established in for- OAK WOOD, &c. Titttnirn In Y
gesicral terms, to be construed as sanctioning this abuse mer cases, in which compensation had been made. If 'IlHE subscriber will contract to deliver any quantity Tyler Benmimin O0
of authority ? ut t gu en an on my right (r. Can- these horses had beeu lost in consequence of the want of L of Oak Wood, in the town of Bladensburg, at very litcker John
tnenp) tay-, !fan' s lintsl teen ciuminlited t)y true Piesi-t
) says, if any si has ben committed by te Presi-r- forage, it seemed to be as proper thattheir owners should reduced prices. And also, Timber, suitable for posts Thuimbllert Win
d ent, or the Iiiary co.nand' r, we ought not to visit it be indemnified for the loss oftheir horses, as that others and rails, Z PRATIHER, rerrell mrs WWE
4i)i the hit.ads. of tie soldiers, Mir, J. said he did not mean Agent for Benjamiin Lowndes. Tyson Elisha

the D h.rict of Cotumbia. T er._tns.O tnaa
",.'., 1 Harmal
-- ,. Vanc a Wmn
given, to; all Suitors, Ju- Vose RobertC
,-, s the, c:,or,,:ts h.]oht

1 ic, -r '..,i t of the District villsonoi i A .
: c...' iIv of W ashington, "' ..t i.
Wednesday morning, the 5th 1.". :,,,
a. I,m i it w ill convene i. 1, u... ns -
occupied by the Congress wilson Peter A
Ifuatts0n nirs
ENCH I-lNGGOLD, Marshaf. Wi resu onn O in n
tV i n, .,,,. -, .
t t 5I. .r,. i iI
1 I .l' I A \\ ,- ., ,
4 ")_o' -, Wt T -rmd.* Ci- ". .I
S.I.oj 1 f.19.Or'i a c M; 'di ..'
,' e1 ii ,t 1 l 'sttll.'l llh b-It.. 1;. om.". .
.. I.19. Wileoxon Thiomasm
-r letters. in the following list, ".-

are advertised-otherwise they

8 Adams Lt Wm3 B
3 ,'.i,., .- i. \\ i ...n (Theatre)

Andirews Phinueas
2 Andres Win W
2 .\ l.* tin I l..ii .ii]
2 .SMi-, I.1
2 Addison Juhn
Brown Alexander Dallas,
Boteler Edward
SBEidger Bel .
2 Biu9wnlow Lt William
Barbord Mrs Mary
hr.- ,, i.. ';. i,.. 5&.,ii, M 6
2 ;,.1.:, I' u 1,
f h ...
Beavers Andrew
Burch Lt Daniel E
Bixby Clipt Joseph
Burnie John
2 B-it Otho
Boiotis G.M
Blay James
Berne Thomas
C. '
Carter Capt Wm
Cable Johno S
Coolidge Mrs Mary
Casey Andrew
Crosby -Mri
Cattern Edward,
C'Irk John
Crsawford John
3 Clark James
Carberr Thliomnas
3 Clark L'&1EIiza
Conwav Nancy
2 Clark Ellis
Clark Simon

Dement GeoS .~
Delano.Judah 3
Darnor George
Dillon Mrs
Daniel Lewis

Evans Evan 3
Ester Robert

Fenwick Mrs' Mary
2 Fleming lCharles
r- r. r,- ;.I, ,1 ,1
2 I'- ,. ,, tI -.... -
Fromentin ltou Elegius 4
Grncie John .
Giles Thomas
Gustive Richard
Guenan Mr
Griffin John
Gray Isaac
Green Miss Harriet

Hernnimus Pendletont
Itawkns Col S
Howard Everitt
Howard Hlorton
2 HuiItton Rev -1i
Hunter Alexander
'Ilohnead John
Holmead. Anthony
Johnson J
Johnson James t
Irons Thomas
Jamesson Skiffington
S0 Kelly JTames
Kennard Mrr

Lofsky John G
Lingham Nicholas
2 Lee Joseph
Leonard John B
2 Lereube Mrs S
Lucas Miss Ann
2 Lindsay Samuel .
Minchin Miss MarthaN
Mackiqto9hi .General
2 Monks William.
Mladison James
Mosart John G
Mallott Chas P
Mick William
2 Mask WVm S
Moore Andrew
McLean Corneliu't
2McLeod John
MeCluc John
McRae Allan
McCewvin ndrcw
MeRce Col Johna
Nevitt Chias L
4 Nayle r Bteorg -.
Newell, R
Oddcln Thomas L
S r.,l Ji' Bnjamin
.. Mlonsleor
2 Pri-eston -Col Francis
Parry Edward L
Parker George
Peaitt Wm
4 Pierce Betsey mrs
2 Plaskett mrs John
Pawling Levi
Patterson Charles W
4 Polk Edward P
4. Polk Edward
isby Henry PI
Rin;gold Samueljr

Ritssell Jonathan
Raoumolph miss Mary
Riley capt James
St-rother miss Jaqueline"
S Scott Robert .
Somservil!e John
Sloane Charles
Summers mrs Elizabeth"
Sellers Henry D
2 Smith Erdward
Siekills 1J T
Shoemaker ITsaaco
Snowden Wm
3 Spencer It Vs m A
Shannuu Joht
Smoot Gean C

Thomas John'
Tcmitleman mrs Charlotthi
2 Turner Joseph
Tucker rnpt Geo C
3 Ttft Isniel Rh
3 1 lghman Tenth
Thompaon John

Young Miss M S C

a-- i r

W'ter' Wm
Wallace Edwumin
Watson Peter
Wallace iOstar W
3 wisrti mrs lroseph
2 1.arrii-iri)tn eaptaid
West S T
vWIvillsotn Thoimas
L Wheatley liss Aifrt
W' Vatsonr Col Joseph- i
.\\ ,-hirr:to P";'ter G '
-, i. ,',a i ;nd

SWettheret' Percgrine
Wilsuon JnAo A '

-*v .* .., i s -t l '"
T;-I,,'.l \- MUX II/E, P.. a^'

jan 5-
'ost (qt-,', Washington,
'~ 3d. Idnuary, 1'820.
D?"icr, ave been b erie n .' frUom the Gen-
ral PostOffice, to cios., t;ll .1t .AprH ruI ; the
Great Western Mail, I :iIlc trckt.)'iwn, Md..
on Monday, Vednesday., a-rl ji,,r-ii y,. at two
o'clo,.tk, p..m. instead of at six o'clock, p. m.
i-e .h.,..ir of closing under the summer establish-
ment. Bly this Mail are conveyed letters and
newspapers for Arkansas, Missouri, Indiana, Il-
linois, Kentucky, Ohio, Pennsylvania west, and.
Michigan Territory.
.,' 4 0 .

"1 lis Q .-) .at I o'l.,ck, : r .

ly John Peabody. auctioneer,
f I :. DAY at 11 o'clock, at the Bridge .street A'.,.tc.r,
.. r i ., .bl.-. e blan-
k :.-, il 'i: I.I.- .. ,-,, I ih -,, q u ali '
t .., I l],.c..l., '., .. 2 r .i '..' .- -haw ls,
l, \iilk ....l.]. I:. IFh I ,l ..I...: i n .-I is .?ir rf-, -,. ,.L-

\I.., .... .'- i, i t c.,F ;L r lli :.r. ch.st, an
till locks, candlesticks, plated and japannedi c .- .-rs, v-.i-'
lette glasses ; silver capt and c..,,', .turl ii .itches.
.At 1 o'clock,
.10 barrels herrings
10 do shad
12 do bloom raisins
1 sideboard
6 doz. house ri ,T-. iii n r,.i t.,.-- r r:il. ;
A t e.,Ir' ,- | 1. I .. 1,1 t -..- *l ,I E ll i. .,1t' ...LQui.L w ith)-
s-i I ii .r l i I l r i- ,1 :
S '%.il be added -.. ii ,- I. : ie. puri.1 ,,' nt, ,. ".,y
coats ofthe old U. States' iitl.r,rny iii- r r .t..c rn .-Il, .1lnd
sold positively without re.- ... .-r ur-n r,.-r I ti, ie
arry, by order of theCor.,,:- 1: uy';.' .' l t Pui l,. ,
Georgetown, jan 4-
%\it-. II'-" I .ll( LA.DICE
*N Th.,r-.3l ,.: r: X. i ." ,-,iI ,.t l. 11 ulA :.':1 -i. m ,
S l t, ... c \u .:'roi lI-.JC th' r ,l i :Crl -
ber, a coni..r-r. .i ..tnn,, rt Li i.uit d. .'Ir., cr .,, -
ing of
Ear rings, breast pins, i-.ki cc:-, lr.i': .l:t., cl.,i-ps.
shoe buckles, pearls, corals, n. .r.i 1 ..rre .t-'. .,.. L.k-.
vewise, an invoice of gold and ..l. -r i .acicl,. .s ,,ch ..r il
be warranted good.,
The articles may .be c.r,.r. .1 d-h .3l, .previous to the,
sale. Jewellers and :-cr.>.. il, t r-I .,*c articles, will do
well to attend, as the articles ill b. .11 witliout limits.
Jin 4 't
JUST received, for sale' by the bhCr'i..-r, ..N A'\P
J PEAL to the Government and .:. rr,. -, .. ., he L ri
1.. : I : l:-, against the -l.. p,i : -' .. C e -. r -rn' I ;. .' il .--
rican Privateers on the -..r.,TI':,:, ..I N o.. n ~. a i .ce
with Us. By'an Americe.i czi. ,L I'-.: ,- :.. .
I A MEMOIR on the Commerce and Navigation of the
Black Sea and the Trade and Maritime Geography of,
Turkey and Egypt. In 2 volumes, illustrated iithi charts,
By Henry A. S. Dearborn-Price 9. dollars.
Jan 4-3t Pennsylvania Avenue.

V .\L'i k .1 I. lBi-ital .
'- *} II L he .-(.II, .iv. Ii .. .' tCi. .... wri.l 1 .,l.nirri .;r
S -l l:... n. -, n .. I.. -A A-, :. i .-i t ..-. ly

pur Ir. l, ,1 I,-III. ', I. 1 t i ..1
Telemachus, 2 vols; Histories of 1lngla d, Greece, and
Rome Smith's Wealth of Nations;-Locke on the Un-
derstanding; Barlow's Colunbiad, elegant ; Stewart and-
Paley's Philosophy ; Gil Blas, &c.
N. B. On Friday night wvitl be sold a valuable catalogue
of Law Books only ; catalogues to be had on Thursday,
Jan 4- D. BATES, Auct
EWS N,-,:. 9, 10, 13, 23, 35, .43, 48, i'. in,'.,. ,a.d
N .*,., 2, double pew, in Christ Church, bGn,,..i.. >T,
are offered on liberal terms. Apply to
g GcorgetownA Jan 4-6t
2 single Man, who can give satisfactory testimonials of
A. his honesty, industry, and capability as a Miller, car
get iin mediate employ.. A line addressed to the subscri-
her, will meet with prompt, attention.
Georgetown, Jan 4-eoSt
T, MASS1EU informs the Ladies of the city of Wash.
ington, Georgetown, and their vicinities, that he liha
5 opened this day, Lee. 31, 1819, at Mrs. Sawyer's store.
opposite Davis's Hotel, Pennsylvania avenue, an elegant
assortment of Fancy Goods, consisting of
Ladies' Shoes of every description, do. silk Hose and
lined gloves
White and black bugle Bandceaus
Silk cords and Byaderes; silk lace arid face veils
Seal sklns and chinciiilli hats ; wreaths of all descrip-
tions ; Italian crapes and merino dresses
]ur capes and trimmings
Gold bands and silver and gold tassals
2 Reticule clasps and pincushions ; spensers and corsets
Cologne water ; plain and figured wh,,e satin
Plain mantua ribbons ; satin do. ; figured velvet do.
French cashmere siaw's aid dresses
1'rench crape dresses ; gold and silver lama dresses.
Lama and other elegant trinmings for ball dresses
Lama bands an:! tuile for dresses
Gold nets and visiting cards
Cambric and muslin trimmings for 'obes'
i Lace-worked caps
Embroidered muslin ruffles and pelerines
Do. do bands; gold and silver sheafs
Gold crowns for turbans
Cam bric muslin embroidered capes; white silk laces
Ostrich feathers and gilt combs
Cord vel ets assorted ; figured do. do.
Muslin insertings and merino shawls
Gentlemen's s lk stockings; do. cravat stiffeners
Leghorns, black and white
Coarse c ips ; also, a few ladies1 hats and turbans, of
the latest fashions from Philadelphia and New York, and
.a small assor ment ofiJewelry.
Dec. 31-eo4t

SOLICIT the attention of the ladies of this city and
neighborhood to their establishment of fashionable
dresses. They continue to make, on reasonable terms,
ladies' rob s, pelisses, and riding habits, whh very other
article in the mantua-making business. They have a rich
assortment of worked muslin robes, lace dresses, bomui.
zincs, fancy triminisigs, lace veils and scarfs, ladies? silk
stockings, turbans, caps, and dress hlindkerchiefs, which,
with oilther useful and elegant articles, are constantly
open for inspection,.
Weightman's Bu.ldt4sgs Fnns) hlaruw avenue
jan 4-eodSw


It is with considerable regret, I see our public
papers copying the language of the London Cou-
rier, and other organs of ministerial opinions in
England, and calling the exertions of the people
of Europe, as well as Great Britain, for their
rights and their bread, sedition, conspiracy-any
thing, to deceive those who judge by names. Let
us see what the state of the question is in
When the potentates of Germany, Russia, sc.
had the fear of Napoleon before their eyes, and
when their crowns were nodding on their heads
ready to fall, the Emperor, the Kings, and the
Electors of the various Circles, called upon the
people at large, not to defend the liberties they
actually possessed, but those they meant to be-
stow upon them, in: order to make them worth
fighting for. They promised them a free press,
a representative government, and other trifling
tlhings, of which the people have learned of us to
be exceedingly fond. Lured by these pron.ises,
the people, the landiwehr, rose; and, let the puf-
fers of Weliington and Blicher say what they
will, it was the people of the north of Europe that
put down Napoleon. Things being now pretty
well settled, the people at fir.'t modestly request,
and, after repeated evasions, demand the per-
formance of these promises. But the fear of Na..
poleon is no longer before their eyes-the eagle
is chained to a rock in the sea-he no longer
threatens the carrion cro'Wvs that caw about the rot-
ten carcase of tyranny. As might be expected,
these potentates, who, in this enlightened age,
don't wait for a dispensation from the Pope, to
break their promises, not only refuse to comply
with their "sacred words," but actually prosecute
cetjliin printers, and burn certain books, which
have the unparalleled impudence treasonably to
insist upon their keeping their promises. The
r.eople,'whoserved these shuflingLord's anointed,
consider this prosecuting of printers and burning
of books anaggravation of the case, and begin to
udlk aboit liberty and other impious" things,
as a certain great personage calls them. Upon
this, the potentates aforesaid r;us' an additional
army to |rotetC.(" the country, as 'the Courier
calls it, and saddle the people with the, additional.
cost of maintaining it; which is but just, since.
every ass ought to buy iis own I...LlI Then
they decree that those foolish potentates who have
weakly complied with their promises, and given
a representative government to their people,
shall take it back again, as it is setting a bad ex-
ample to their neighbors. Then they conjure up
conspiracies against kings and religion, one and
the same thing, of course, an:d, under these and
the like pretexts, dkeprixe the whoie people of the
little liberty even of dr king cofle and smoking
tobacco. To conclulCe, those who have not a
single black skive among then, set them all free
and. prohibit the save trade, having no use for
any imiiportations, because they possess slaves
enough ut home. Thus stands the case. Ihe
Courier, however, calls these people seditious,"'
and their.'ermonstrames i ,picty.",
Lct us sea how stands the case With the people
of England and thcir rulers. While the former
had enough to. eat, th:y contented themselves
with petitioning for a reform in Parliament. They
had some how or other found out, that they were
much more arbitrarily governed under parlia-
mnentary corruption, than they ever were- under
the abuses of kinglyj prerogalive. In searching
for the cause of this phenomenon, they discover-
ed, or fancied they discovered it, in the inequali-
ty cf representation, under the operation of which
'an old cobler* returned two members of Parlia-
nient, and a city, of 100,000 inhabitants, not one.
It was naturally supposed, that these representa-
tives of the cobli', bicrig in a great degree inile
pendent of the will of the people at large, would
be more apt to consult thtir own interests than
those of tle. people, and sell their own votes in
thie .iut-:, after having bought the votes of others
out of doors. Indeed, such a member might
plead, in his justification, that he represented the
bribed electors best, by himself taking bribes.
So believing, the people petitioned, time after
tieri, for-a reform in Parliament; but without ef-
feet. Now, the right of the subject of Englatnd
to petition the sov.'erig!!, is a right standing like
the comi0ion law of. England, on the irninutable
b-asis of imiut;,m':ial usage. ILis moreover ad-.
mitted in conti';ual practice down to.the present
tiue., cxce t in a particilac instance, where its
denial was one of the greia causes of'a revolution.
It seems, however, that there is no exp press men
tion made of the right of carrying flags and walk
ing-stick.a to these meetingss for petitioning, and
consequently th',y have lately come to be consi-
dered, to use the language ofa certain gi eat per-
soi:.ge, as imnlious.'"
Of late, in consequence of this new construc-
tion of the right of ,etitioning, troops of horse
have been let loose at women and children, upon
.whose bare and lamtished bodies the -'rints of
hoofs have lately been seen engraved in blood.
The baiting of bulis, the whipping of neI.roes,
are held to be veri'y inhn;:,.n in that country ; but
it has lately been found cono(brnab!e to the pur-
est standiurd ofi hui'nity to ride over women and
children. What riglit ha'evoomncn a d children
to pelition he ILord's anointed., though they be
starving to death ? I soy, stari-g-tho;gh cer-
tain great prseions, who spend a hundred or two
hn'udIrcd thousand a year:, call it secdition and im-
SAppireh':sive, however, tha.it'thi new mode
of amusing his majesty's ministers, by riding
over women and children, might not be held such
princely sport abroad, they called these poor half
starved women and children Seditious-and our
republican presses echo the word. T'h y cr'y out'
for bread', and they receive a horse's hoof into
their bare, skinny, and shrivelled bosoms. In a
2ttle time it does appear, that some people, and,
what is worse, some people of noi.e-such as
Lords Fitzwilliam, Grosvenor, Thanet, Sir Firan-
cis Burdett, and others, who are neither impi-
ous or starvying-disapprove of the bloody ride
at \l. icl: :, An age of plots is always an age
.ef despotism. The tyrant takes refuge in the
fears of the -weak-minded, and slanders his people,

as an excuse tor oppressing them.
Accordingly, plots, pikes, drillings, Revo-
lutionary schools, and all the worn-out lumber of
the Stuart policy, is again brought out; and we
may shortly expect a au.e edition of the Rye
*. This was the case not many years ago, with the bo-
"mougih of Repstyw, and probaijy may bu a q still.

IIouse andi meal Tub it.i, .- .cid oit *'Kbh the
horrible attempt. of some invisible assassin, or
some second-hand Giy Fa'x. In the mean time,
plans are going.on to educate thd poor starving
children, and send the poor starving parents to
Church. Every thipg is thought of to cheat the
world into an opinion of the benevolence and
piety of a government whose soldiers ride over
defenceless, .i..r i _a.-, carving women and chil-
dren, and are ju .titi .' by their rulers; while her
statesmen are slandering the nation with Sedition
and Impiety, because, when they asked for bread
and received a stone, they did not toss up their
caps, and cry God saie the King." Such a
state of things, 1 fear, will last for some .time, and,
grow worse and worse.; until an age of despot-
ism is, as usual, followed by a long period of re-
ligious and political freedom. In the mean time,
let not our republican papers lend themselves
thus indirectly to the views .of the oppressor, by
Echoing the slanders of-sedition and impiety, be-
stowed so liberally upon the most suffering and
unfortunate nation now in existence.


In your paper of the 9th clt. there is an arti-
c!e, extracted from the Petersburg Intelligencer,
headed The Edinburgh Professorship," on
which I shall offer a few remarks. They would
have been communicated to you sooner, but I
wished to procure a certain document necessary
to the full developementof the subject. It is,
indeed, of very little consequence to us, on this
side of the Atlantic, by whom the chair of Na-
tural Philosopy in the University of Edinburgh is
filled. And, had the article referred to contained
only a statement of facts, and inferences from
them, it should have passed unnoticed, at least
by me. But the author's information has been
incorrect, and the triumph of which he spcaksl
exists only in idea.
That the election of a successor to Mr Play-
fair, so long and so justly celebrated, should have
excited a high degree of interest in Edinburgh, is
only what might have been expected. The re-
putation of its University is dear to that ancient
,metropolis, and, indeed, to Scotland at large;
and that reputation can be maintained only by a
succession of able Professors. When, therefore,
'the chair of Natural Philosophy became vacant,
it would have been strange had no anxiety been
manifested respecting the individual by whom
that station, confessedly so important, was to be
occupied. It is not quite so apparent, however,
how so much interest should have been excited
on this subj-ct among the intelligent part of the
British empire" beyond the limits of Scotland.
One reason, perhaps, might be found in the fol-
lowing sentence, were that sentence the expres-
sion of fact: This election called forth all the
strength of the ministry, combined with that of
the clergy, who were opposed to the opposition
party and the men of science in Scotland." In-
deed And so the opposition party and thc men
of science were able to baffle, completely to pa-
ralize, all the strength of the British ministry,
cornn bined with that of the Clergy-no contempt-
ible body, although it would seem that no men
of science enter into its composition But with
:the election of a Professor of Natural Philoso-
phy in .the University of Edinburgh the British
ministry have no concern. It is not one of the
Professorships of which the crown is patron. It
is under the patronage of the magistrates and
town council, who, for many years, have ranked,
not with the opposition to the government, but
with its most decided supporters. From this un-
tdeniable fact, the legitimate conclusion is, that a
*candidate recommended by the British ministry,
and such a candidate too as Dr..Chalmers, would
not have been recommended in vain,. Nor yet
have the clergy of the Church of Scotland, in ge-
neral, any concern with the election of a candi-
date to the chair of Natural Philosophy. The
only interference which the clergy can have in
such a case is confined to the minnisters of Edin-
burgh, who have a right, by the constitution of
the University, to given an opinion, an advice
(avisandumn is the tec-hnical term) to the patrons
when the office to be filled, like that of the Pro-
fessorship of Natural Philosophy, is under the pa-
tronage oft the magistrates and town council.
This right they exercised when David IIunm was
a candidate for the chair of Moral Philosophy:
and their unanimous advice was against thie eicc-
dion of that celebrated infidel; and he was not ap-
pointed. This right they also exercised, when
Mr. Leslie was a candidate for the Mathematical
chair But, in that instance, they were not unan-
imous. Strong opposition was made to Mr. Les
lie, not, I believe, because lihe was accused of
atheisltm,'" in consequence of having incurred
the enmity of the clergy,"' as the author of the
article already referred to assert:, but on the
ground that, in his Essay on Heat, he had pub-
lished sentiments which-, if not decidedly scepti-
cal, were at least sceptical in their tendency.
Mr. Leslie, however, explained his language,
and unfolded lhis views, so as completely to re-
move the impression of their infidelity from the
minds of some of time most distinguished of the
ciergy.. The opinion of the majority, therefore,
was in his favor, and his appointment ensued. Of
lhis elevation to the chair of Natural Philosophy,
I have nu data on which to rest a statement. But
I hazard nothing, in affirming, that if he had not
been supported by the majority of the ministers
of Edinburgh, he. would have lost his election.
The assertion, then, that Mr. Leslie had:incurred
Sthe enmity of the clergy," and, consequently,
their opposition to his election is unfounded ; for
mi his election he must have.been supported by
a majority even of the small number to whom the
right of interference belonged.
There is another misstatement-I do not say
that it is intended-contained in the following
sentence:'" The result of the election in favor
of Professor Leslie, who was opposed by Dr.
Chalmers, backed by all the church of Sea .lind,
and supported by the British ministry, may be
regarded as one of the proudest victories which
science and repuib'Iicanis-h ave within the last
years obtained.over king-craft and priest-craft."

Now, Dr,. C(hahlners was 'not opposed to M-Ir.
Leslie; he was not a candidate. My authority
is the first number of.i quarterly publication, en--
titled The Christian and Civil Economy df
Large Towns," issued by Dr. Chalmers himself.
In that work, he states that aa application had
been made to him to become a candidate, but
that lie had not acceded farther than merely to
give a promise 'that, if certain objects which he
wished to accomplish did not succeed, he wouiot
talce it into co.ideration. His own statement oi

his reply to the application is i these words : '" If its business wlie' they arc .. in.,, up m I ... It
I got my arrangements in the parish of St. John, is to bc supported, and I believe it to be a fact,
I would not take thec Professorship; but, if I did that none of them have a large amount of their
not get these arrangements, I would think of it. notes in circulation. What they have they can
When urged, at a subsequent period, to give an easily find means to redeem as they ..t e pi.. :. in-
explicit declaration of himself as a candidate," in ed ; and if any of them owe large balances to oth-
his reply he says, I stated that I was doing al! I er banks or individuals, they may make what
could to induce afavorablearrangemnentofmatters terms they can, and, if necessary, obtain dis-
in Glasgow, and, of course, was counter-working, counts at the consolidated bank on a pledge of
with all my might, my kind friends in Edinburgh." their stock, or however else, to meet these dc-
" This letter," he adds, "laid such a discourage- mands, or to pay their notes which may be pre-
ment on the attempt of my friends to get me into sented. In all cases, the stockholders being post-.
Edinburgh, that they forthwith abandoned it." Dr. poned to all other persons, they will find.but little
Chalmers, then, was not a candidate.in opposition difficulty, if any, in settling their affairs with the
to Mr.Leslie, and, of course, was not backed.byall community ; and this, as I have said before, is
the church of Scotland, and not supported by the the main object. After they have'accomplished
British iiiih'i;ii./ and the triumph over king- this, they will divide what remains among the
craft and over p'riest-craft is a visionary triumph, stockholders, in their proper proportions, and
To all the pleasure accruing from the jibe at dissolve their associations. The stock which
king-craft, the author of the article is entirely each bank hold in the consolidated bank may
welcome. I have no desire to diminish it one then be,divided, in proper proportion, among the
whit. And, with regard to the sneer at priest- stockholders of that particular bank, and thus the
"craft, that will not deeply affect those who know whole of the stock of the consolidated bank will
that their master -as reviled before them, and ultimately be held by individuals. If any of this
who feel it to be at once their duty and their pri- stock should have been pledged for loans to the as-
vilege to go forth unto him without the camp sociation, in winding up its concerns each stock-
bearing his reproach." .They pity the man who holder of the association will, upon its'dissolution,
thus aims a thrust at all religion through the put his own note into the consolidated bank for
heart of its ministry, and who, like the maniac, his portion of the debt, and pledge his portion of
exults' in the death-dealing blow which his own the stock in the same manner that the whole was
fancy has given. C. pileiged by the association ; and thus will be con-
ciud'd the busitsh:.ss.of the present banks, as well
cFO R 'rTil i,'A To Ar i Lx'F .LrGmV c i. as. ,l: n i ^ i djic, ti. ; .td all w ill be in t
tide of (I trust suc' ssf) experiment.
THE DISTRICT 3BANKS. 5. '' ne dircctois a f tih consolidated banks
A question of important interest now presents should be elected tby u e individual stockholder=,
itself to the citizens of this District. The time and not by the associations; and, if it wei not
approaches when the charters of some of the going toO, far .,. '.:i oppositee extre:ie, I would
banks will expire, and some petitions for their pro. ',se that no person, who is now a Director of
renewal have, it is said, been already presented any bank in te District, should b'e eligible at the
to Congress. The consolidation, also, of the first ciecntin.
several banks into one or more, in each Crpora- 6. 'i he books and business of the consolidated
tion, has been a subject of gwenral conversation, ouam: (inot excepting private accounts) should be.,
Such a consolidation is the subject of the follow- .ithiil reasonable restrictions, open to the in-
ing remarks, in which I shall be as concise as I ipcetion of any stockholder, and once a yearthey
can to be understood. should be obliged to publish a statement of their
The cl.j, i .C-ngress ought to be, and un- affairs, as minute as possible, so as to give a com-
doubtedly will be, to promote the interest and plete insight into their concerns, and so that every
convenience of the community, without any un- "saP in the community may judge what is the
due regard to the emolunments of the stockhold- fair value of their stock.- This is not asking too
ers ; and, although such a sentiment would not much of them, for they concern the whole conm.
seem to comport with the signature under which nunity, and it has too lung been the case that
I write, yet I feel that I am writing as an honest banks have been chartered to enable them to prey
man should, whose interest nu-st be deeply con- wih unity upon the citizen, when the honest
cerned with that of the community of which he is object of their charerHs should have been only to
a member prevent unchartered associations from doing the
All agree, that the.evil under which we labor same thii,;.
is great ; but its source must be ascertained be- .This scaic, though (dawn only for this Dis-
fore we can proceed to apply the remedy. Now trict, would answer for the whoulc country, and the
I consider the whole evil, to consist in the multi- numerous hoards of f.,, ll houses (for many.
plicity of our banks. A thousand facts and argu- of them are liltte better) would thus be let down.
ments might be brought to shew this ; and, al- as asily as' they caR be, and with as little detri-"
though they are universal throughout the coun- n1ent to the public as possible. The plan con.
try, yet I will confine myself to this District for tains the most prpminent outlines of my ideas of
their exemplification. a .pioper system of banking. Bankers oulghlt to;
There are in this city three banks beside the have no greater advantages than other traders.
Branch; in Georgetown four ; ind I believe Their profits will be large enough on this plan,
four (there were six) in Alexandria. It is an es- without their being permited to ruin almost eve-
tablished maxim with banking institutions, that it ry man iri the nation'. JI am cleat' that they should
is necessary to discount double their capital, in all be chartered, not for their protection, but for
order to give thoir stockholders a profitable divi- that of the community ; to prevent unchartered
dend. Now, each ofthe. banks in this District has ,bankcis Irom stepping into their stead, and taking
a capital large enough, perhaps, tfor any n of up the game which they are compelled to relim-
the three corporations ; and, if this is the case, quisi. By no means would I be.understood as
we have had fiur times the amount of capital placing the banks of thiis District on a par with
which could he nrofitably employed. The con- ul ost of the .associations which have been charter-

sequence has been, that each bank has discount-
ed only about one-fourth, or probably not so
much, over its capital ; and the necessity of en..
! ., -1. ,- .'. discounts, as well as the competition
among them, has.induced then, all, probably,, to
admit much paper of at least doubtful credit, and
which ultimately became bad. They probably
all reasoned alike-We krow the necessity of
increasing our discounts, and, ifwe reject the pa-
per offered us, our customers will go to some
other bank, where they will not be so scrupulous
as we are. Now, their customers did worse than
this t they obtained as large discounts as they
could at one bank-as large, probably, as their
property could justify-and then afterwards went
to one or more '..:! e. banks in the same place,
with.this property i%) their possession, arid obtain-
ed equal discounts there, and each hank ignorant
that any other had lent them a farthing, until the
bubble burst. I do not vouch that this statement is
precisely true, or that it is confined to this Dis-
trict ; but that, such being the natural course of
events, and that it is true to a certain extent, is
sufficient for my argument.
If, therefore, the present charters of the banks
should be renewed, this ev il (as well as many oth-
ers important enough, but which my limits will
not permit ime to enumeratee) must remain in its
full extent; and if they should all be suffered to
expire, and the banks driven to an immediate
close of thcir bhu.ine s, a much greater evil would
fall upon the community ; for they would be call-
ed upon to pay their debts, en masse, at the veiy
moment when, thce whole circulating medium was
In luedio-tutissitmus, therefore, and in order to
obviate one evil, the bat)k charters ought not to
be renewed, and, to avoid,the otihcr, some me-
thod should be adopted to facilitate the winding
up of the bank business, and to afford a circulat-.
ing medium in place of that withdrawn, as well to
enable debtors to pay the banks.as to answer outr
dai.y occasions. There appear to mue no better
means fir these purposes than Vw-ha,t is suggested
in the following plan :
1. Let there be a bank chartered Pr each of
the three corporations, with such capital as ic ay
be deemedi sufficient, which I should estimate at
half a million of dollars for each.
2. Let the banks in each corporation subscribe
the capital of the.consolidated bank in proportion
to the amount of .capital which each possesses,
actually paid ; or, if it should be deemed better,
let the banks subscribe a portion of the consolida-
ted capital, as one-half or two-thirds, and indivi-
duals the residue.
3. 'Let the subscription of the banks be a cer-
tain portion of specie, and the residue in such of
their discounted. notes as are of undoubted credit,
ana'let the commissioner's, appointed to receive
the subscriptions, be the judges of the credit of
the notes offered, (these commissioners being en-
tiiely disinterested,) and let these notes be placed
on the discount list of the consolidated bank the
moment it goes into operation.
4. The present banks will then have left many
undoubted notes, and all others of a doubtful
character, to collect. Let each bank then wind
up its business in its own way : they can retain
all their officers, or what portion ofsthem they
please ; and let the copstidated bank carry on

ed in several states, under that name. I .l... ,'
ly know the state of one o tiie., and have every
reason to believe that all of the'i, have conducted
their ahliiirs much better tihan the generality of th."
banks in the Union. B:ut we laIbor here under the
c ..... -.-. evil I have mentioned ; and, although I
propose a local remedy, I do -not the less wish
that it might be universal.
. Btit .it may be asked, if you would reduce the
currency tu such narrow limits, why have any lo-
cal banks ? The Baok of the United States has
a capital as large as. you would deem. sufficient
for the whole cou.n.try ; let that bank do all our
business. 1 answer, perhaps the capitalof the U.
States' Bank may be sufficient ; but I consider
that some local banks are necessary, that the re-
duction of the currency may be gradual, and that
they may serves checks upon the National Bank.
I co(,,ess that I do not see the overwhdlminig evil
which is, vary soon,to fall upon the country from
ih. BUank. Many sensibl.a men imagine it, and
many senseless men pretend to imagine it; but
I consider this Bank to have been, as yet, more
sinned against than sinning."
It has been weakened by its own agents, be-
yond what 1L can recover in many months, if notL
in se veral years, and although I apprehend, with
some aiixiety, its power when it shall have reco-
vered its s'ti'cngth and reached its manhood, yet
I have too much confidence in our republican
institutions to believe in the enormous conse-
quences which have been predicted. It is true
that this Institution, with its Branches through
the country, reminds ime of the chain which
Franklin, or some other philosopher, thought ot,
to convey the electric ti-id in an instant around
the world ;-and local Banks should be establish-
Sd as conductors to sound the links of tlns chain,
and draw of'a portion or their electricity, lest, by
a sudden l.i. '" it might rem:d the w.'hole
globe asmnder.
When I have thought of the state of our
currency gehc:'.i i, throughout the country, atnd
brten com vi'VnIc'd, that, :' ',"' mell's VeV! ar 'e o ien,
these mushroom' .tan:ls -msct, fall, I have dread
ed nevertheless the eimbarrassmine:t which mutist
be felt in, consequence ,i'o tis ire'it titiol ofi thi
currency.' by those who even h-.:c. becr :.;,:,nt ;
:etid i Iave c'niciuicid that 1-o better sibstituttc
could be ibund o:" "*the mntes withdrawn from I
circIul.-tion, than an issue of a limited amount of
Treasury notes, bearing no interest, but fuinda-
bit: three or four years hence, unless sooner re-
deemed.-The amount which I had fixed! in my
own mind as necessary was about ten iiolions of
dollars, and I have just seen that an hint has been
given in Congress of the necessity of issuing ex-
actly that amount, to supply tile contemplated
deficit of revenue fior the next year, and to pay off.
the claims under the Spanish treaty, if it should
be ratified.-Such an addition to our currency
would eoable those whp are prudent to rid them-
selves of present ehabarrassment, and they have
had a lesson severe enough to teccir them to
avold it in future,-Those sanguine speculators
wiho would hail ihis succour as a signal for fur-
ther advMi'nturcs, would have none but themselves
to blame, for tKc disasters in which their impru-
dence alone would sooner or later have involved

ierenmber 3.0, 1819.
Gentlemen.: At the close of this ,-ear,'when I
look back on all my obligations, I- have to' curn
you thanks for.the many opportunitioc-ytrje"".-:v--e
afforded me to defend my systern and to claim
the attention of my fellow- citizens to their finan-
cial concerns. One hundred thousand dollars,-
expended on.a useful work, will cause numerous
animadversions. by ruining t0,oi( omists. whilst
millions, lost by error, pass unheeded. I haveto'
apologise for neglect of style : the -natter, and
not the manner, was my concern. I sought not
for the gratification of vanity, by victory, as an in-
tellec.tual gladiator'; simple truth I endeavored
to establish, and scorned to decorate her for vul-
gar admiration in harlotornamients. As'a repub-
I;. '.i, I am an anti-bullionist, an anti-bankis nd
.an anti-assignatist. The.monied interest f'have
combated, and endeavored to impress a convic-
tion on the public mind, that national credit, pro-
perly applied, would be superior to that of stock-
jobbers, .usurers, brokers, &c. who only become
rich as blood-suckers. -The Secretary of the
Treasury's report has already produced offers of
money on low interest, if the period of payment
be postponed to a distant date. The cunning I-
saacs argue thus:-" The' government may catch
at the idea of a loan on moderate terms, the li-
quidation of which will fall upon posterity. To
us it will be a rgood remittance to England or
the British, who are now alarmed and wish to
transfer their fo-rt'.n's, and will give us a premium
fPr it. Bvy this me tis. also, we may divert the
attention f' Congress from a disposition becom-
ing prevalent, to extricate the nation from our
thraldom,. If the government once finds that it
can stand with-.ut leaning upon us., our profita-
ble occupations will be gone, and ourconiequence
wi!l be lost. We' prosper only whilst the gov-
ernment doubts its own credit, and relies on ours.
We gave our notes, n)t bearing interest, for gov.
ernment 6 per cent. stock, at 80. We subscribed
this stock at par, to the United States' Bank, artd
might have sold out at 157, and then lent our mo-
ney on shaving-interest till government wanted
to borrow again. If the government does not
now solicit us for loans, the bubble will burst.
We irmust clamor about bullion and against in-
I am.condemned by some well wishers for
looking forward a century. I hope that a cen-
tury will hereafter seem but as a day, in the
existence of this federative republic. Yet, as an
old mariner, I feel alarmed at some 1,1,ck .ipcek
rising just above the horizon, which tihrc:ieri a
tremendous hurricane..
With prayers for continued prosperity and
happiness to this band of brothers, who can only
be preserved by wisdom, justice, and moral feel-
ings, and with solicitation to the advocates for-
freedom, to strengthen what has been feeble its
me, and 'to improve, what has been defective ; I
now bid farewell. HOMO.
P. S. Since 'writing this farewell, I have seen
your avowal that you differ in opinion with the
writers in your paper, in favor~of Natiunal Cur-
rency, but that you acquiesce in the propi ity of
issuing a limited amount of Treasury notes, alias
assignats. You also approve of what you term.
a fermentation, ,which -you say-purifies., I think
the present evanescenrce of currency is rather a'
running out which prevents f>rn,:nitafion, and
that the dregs left, alils, notes of bankrupts, &-c.
do not, resemble purity. -The rise of bank stock,
I think, is solely owing to the fermentation in
F. 1-n 1 which makes prudent men anxious to
buy our paper-particularly if the, period of re-
demption be very remote. A.n augmentation of
debt is the expedient of a bad managerr. Eng-
land is now suffering by it. Remember, a debt is
a burthen, and a National Currency, the blood of.
the social body. Read my A. B. C.
I wish you many happy years,
And more expert as financiers. Ii

V tEsuthbseri crs arve received, by late arrivals from
Boston and Ne-Yoorkc, viz :
25 hhds. prime sugars
20 do. second qialitydo
25 barrels do
5 hhds loaf sugar
1c0 bags green ni1 white coffee
10 chests Young I 1"-son tea
5 lihds W.I. Spirits
2 do Jamaica do
1 pipe Holiand gin
1 roc Cognac brandy
50 hoes .laisins
25 bags pepper
50 boxes dipt candles
50 hoxes sap
50 dozen old L.P. Madeira Wine in bottles
Which they will deliver t9 Members of Congress and
others, witriiut any.charge ,'porterage.
Artd also in store a general assortment of the best li-
quors and groceries; will sell low for cash, or to punctual
George own, jan 3-
.i" Stockholders of the Washingiton Canal Company
li hereby notified that an election wifl bfe hei d on.
Mond,. thie 10tt inst. at the (san:i Ofice, Capihol
Iiilt, between the hours. of 10 :nd 12 'clockl, for 'he p'ir-
posC t" chooingia Pt'resident ;>t d six J)irect';rs, to serve
tor tie elsuliug" )(:a".
JOS. INGLE, Secretary.
jain 3- 3:
."tHE siib'r. ber oflers for sa!e,.i r a Ii.w dlns, thirty
a. lxc' of ga:len and fiow e' s'e',,i ot a sup..rior qua-
r'v. In each o'.l there s 3>.su ici'nt: fo'r a large garden.
\t'io detached ftroim he box" ., !t;reco'ilec' on o')Dutch
foiw. rmots. Ti il.ps, tloe a,\ sa ,c, 'hyacimts,
c:'tiW Ii ilt.lpe,',l'. u;i' ,,)ni:s r5 n t r.0tll's' "s, lit'es, Stc.
Spring L.',s, r.pe '::'i :'ota b ..a reds, a few 'garden
t s, and boL'oks on i'a:';min.i' and bota:ny. Any person
wishi.,r u (i p rch:as" (l'- ec:a. e, vill n.'et with -tncoi-'
r::g'emtnnt. inqujiire a" Mr. Fi '.,.'. .' corner of 7th
,tree opposite the Cemttre market, 'enn a<' nite.
jan 3 -3t
RESPECTABLE WOMAN, of about 30 years of
.. age, to take care of chdidren, to reside near the
A Washerwoman, and a Manager and Gar'dener on a
small farm.
A line addressed to P. with references as to character'
and qualifications, left ait the City f'ost O:ice, will be

attended to.
jn 3---3t

,, 'troRMS hir f'riellnd she livas on hainl si elr-gant as-
: sottrnent ofil ofirh,,n. .'.:riwv. c'y"t, a5 Silk lion-
nets, Ihbbantds *'. iL t T, ,i;' ., antl phlunea, the .atcs'
atshiion. I egoirnra nd t :m'aw ebac hel end ;dlt:'s(! Rs
N. 1. Dress, Pelisse, and Corset making in the' mret
fashionable style, coatner i fi3th street.
Jan s- -