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National intelligencer
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00023
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: November 25, 1819
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00023
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text






ZI' .. )


Vf~.L XXr.


IAHREE TIRES A WEEK DURING TiE SESSIONS OF CONGRESS PhIOVI Dt l'E, NOV. 16. FI. LITHE AUROlIA
AND rWICE A WEEK IN THE RECESS.. Circuit Cou'rt.-The Unhted States' Circuit SPAIN. "
.Jt Sir iDollard per ann. payable in.advance. Court commenced a session in this town, yester-
No subscription received for a shorter term than orie year. day. After a solemn.and appropriate, rayer by A gentleman at Boston, wh ha r-..,1 se' er[ e,.r
Those who do not, either at the time of subscribing, orsube- th- e arn a Ho r iuae try db in Erope has lately received fir,. IT- finn t a M.lr.d
S. e nthe Kev. Mr Baker, his Honor Judge Story de- the-following curious account of the transactions of the
quently, give notice of their wish to have the paper discontn- slivered to the Grand Jury a, highly, impressive, 'court at the period of the date, from .vh-ch it is copied
ued at the expiration of tieir year, will he presumed as desi-o i,
ueding its continuance until ountermanded, and it will be presumed as- eloquent, and learned charge. in which, after de- verbatim, and placed in our hands by a friend. Of the
ringitseontinuance untiountermaned, nd itfiing,with hi usual precision, the different de- authenticity of the statement, ar.da true picture of the
tinue acoring,at the option of the edoicide, he directed the attention of proceedings, tl,ere c i be no sort of doubt:
the Grand Jury to the crime of piracy, to offences accountt of the session of the Council of State;
!_1 against our eutIrality, and particularly to the de- held at the Palace, at Aladrid, on Tuesday the
testable traffic in human, flesh, denominated the 24th ugust, 18i9.
.frican Slave Trade. On thile Lttr topic, his The Duke of San Fernando,-who had been ap-
I H onor enlarged in a styleof hunr-t .tnd etloque ni pointed Ambassador to the United'States, having
tkan a^ OVel~l b C2 4.* indignation,ldescribing the cuoplicast d n.ilel,, arrived from the baths in Arragon, at M.,il, ,,
and atrocities consequent on: the Slave Trade, and represented to his Mlajesty pcis,._n.hll, :, also
Br:--'For the accommodation of those who may and intreating,the vigilance and i;-te'rposit., of through his wife, he, sster til: prlncs, ol peace,
be oe .. .. w IanI.and brother the cardinal, th ip, _,t t
be desirous of taking the Intelligencer for a pe the guardians of the public weal in the removal and brother the card t in l i the
eod less than a year, we shall hereafter receive of that grand stigma on our character as freemen measure, the counc ( ,on uitl to t(ci.e the
matter. ,
subscriptions for 6rmnonths, at the following rate: and as Christians. The council was opened' by th,: Duke- Sit .-,r
Daily paper, f r sixdmonths,$- 6 -t'...hi.. nado'ain ti h hah \,.h -'c .
T i w weekly, d o.' 4 R: Ji. o In -nando' t iL t t ll.- I I I ii It- I i
.i..-we SIire of the Fri "nh Charh stnck wihi Li- heate, ws nul to be a s.ubj'ct uo" disc -...r,; |.

Sinform us, ig.-On Sund:, inorninm lait, thei am -pre ': only po1 to be decided on ne, n lethr
Ou1w correspondents at New York inorm us obscure, as if it ad millister o0 is r ank, S-y. c. ou, t t, a i oi ,t-
thatnews had reached that city by Capt. Hudson been occasioned by eruptions from a volcano ; ed; whetli, r it wiuld not be co., ipronii,
who arrived there on the 21st, from. Gibraltar, and the rain water collected from off the roofs of "majesty, 31 cse of refus.l t. l ccte hill, b3 tile
(which place he left on the 13th ultimo,) that the houses was observed to contain in it a certain United States,) by sending a person colilecticl Lb
Captain Reid, ofthe Hornet, was still at Madrid, sediment, resembling iron oree; and smelling- of marriage with the royal faIq.; : t. t',a..iid.
butwas expected at Malagaon the20th, whither ulphur; thus: the, weather continued more or expatiated la1 -ely on the iinol,<.y ,ftheappoint
butwas expless' obscure until yesterday about one o'clock, ment, stating that thehigh dinel.m with which
the Hornet was about to proceed, to receive him afternoon, when it became so dark that candles he was condecorated would only serve to nak
on board, and thence proceed directly for the U. were lighted almost in every house, as-when night the matter worse, as those who, formed the go.
States. It was understood that, on the receipt of approaches: not long after, thunder was heard at government of the United States, frnu the nature of
the despatches by Captain Reid, the American a distance, which gradually became louder and their education, habits, and institutions, were
minister intimated to the S punish government louder. About three o'clock, two claps followed taught to despise si iilar honors, &c.
sister intimated to the parish government one another in quick succession, when a ball of Loano Tor-es answered him, tllat as to his
that he would then await their determination as- fire was seen by many to come in contact with the crosses and ribbands, he might pit them in his'
trtdie final ratification ofthe treaty for the period spire of the French Parish Church, descend the t rut'k, if he pleased-as Yrujo and Ori0 buiud ,it
ofnine days': but it was generally belief ed it electric rod: thereto affixed, with rapidity, and necessary to do.
would not then be ratified, arid tha.t Mi. FoiyIth even run along the pa errnt a the f)foot of the To which St. F ri" do I 'epicd,. "Yes, sir, but
ould demand his passports d eurn me" walls. Those who aw.'it, thou.hIt th,- electric I cannot put the exalted rank i ,.l,:.- ..f the
would demand hs passots nd fluid had escaped by the rod, and that the icrcd Duke St. Fernando in my trunk.' .
Letters fiom New Orleans to the5t, recei- edifice had sustained no injury; but, about three Lozano continued, stating that one of the pow
Letters from New Orleans to the 25th, eceivquarters hur after, the spire, to, the great erful reasons for his wishing the Dukcto go, was,
ed at Philadelphia, state that the fever at that qimazement of every one who saw it, began that he was convinced, that so long as hce United
place, although somewhat mitigated in its malig- smoke, and soon after to emit a flame. The alarm States remained a republic, no hopes could be
nity, still raged, making the town, as it were, a was given ; thousands of people, with the fire- entertained for the tranquility and happiness of
graveyard. engines, assembled in the Place d'Armes, but his majesty's dominions in America; and that the
were unable to afford aniy succor, the height be- Duke, from his rank, great talents, amiable man-
Major LORING AUSTIN, of Boston, has resign- ing too great to convey the w9.er thither. At 7ers, &c. &c. &c. might possibly be abie to per-
ed his commission in the army of: the United last a small fire-engine, with much exertion, was suade the people and government of the United
States. placed in the belfry, and supplied with water in States to change their system and adopt a mo-
State!s buckets from below, which effected the extinction narchical form of government, and that then his
nof the fire about eight o'clock, when the iron majesty might desconsar.
HAtDr S SQUADRON. cross fell toabhe ground with anl amazing crash; This strange, as unexpected, sally, created a
The following paragraph from the Lof the 21st Septembr, explains don theeather-cock in falling got entangled, and laugh, which, picquing the orator Lozano, he
Timesofthe 21andst September, explof Hardy's Expedi sctly remains yet aloft. observed, that it was a ingtular, but not Iss at
the destination and motiveofHardy's Expedi- It is with much pleasure we can add that no true fact, that the grandees, whenever called on
Some apprehensions having prevailed wit regard person received any hurt on the occasion; and to rener any service to the king, always found
tothe service to which Sir Thomas Hardy's squadron is that the steeple lias.suffered apparently but little some cause lfr excusing Uil.*,nile ,.
d-ined., we have reason to think ourselves e .sr,.,..J .l.dn,re. as the fire began in i de uippertno-st part This last obs.- r'i ir.i..itiri],c, .e 1! do ,
ll stahi.l .tr,i th. ing..il, ...;l r ,-, u ii ,. .... ," uol it, anud burnt slowly downward, ( /'*;" ud,' a J-i .. 'l*d ,tLj ?.. ,,.
not an .Ads.l1r ita *-. ,, i i .1. -i- r...ad pendant) I e cplid i i u r ..me acrimony.
carwhries ot no order. li i n i, --,. from those on HLLSBOROUGtoi, OHIO, NO. 11. Mr. Salmon, the Secretary of State, then rose,
for these four or five years past with so much advantage Fire in the Woods.-We have been for eight expressing his deep regret at the painful, but ne-
to British commerce. If Sir Thomas Hardy's for:e be or ten days literally surrounded by the firps in cessary task, allotted to hiim,f giving his spunion,
greater than that under Captain Bowlcs, it may, perhaps, the woods, which have so completely filled tihe and, after some trifling remarks as to the treaty,
be only because the forces of the contending parties atmosphere with smoke that respiration has been he said, that be was convinced, as tnuch as that
have accumulated ; and it is a necessary principle in e existe, that the government of the United
our maritime.policy to give our distant trade th un- rendered quite disagreeable. WVe understand
tenrance of a squadron, proportioned in some degree, to that a Mr. Wolcott, a new settler onil te land of' States would not receive y minister that should
those of the belligerent parties. On that ground we Mr. Worthington, about 10 or 12 miles north of be sent-and he was of opinion that none ought
are apt to think that Captain Bowles was, in the first in- this pace had his house, with every thing it con- to be appointed 'till the views of the J.mvrican
stance, relatively stronger than Sir Thomas Hardy is now. ta ed, consumed by the fire om the woods to- government could be ascertained.
The surmise of a contemporary journal, therefore we be- taned, consumed by the fire orn the woods, to- addressed his brother
lieve to be erroneous, namely, that "Lord Cochrane's gether with his fattening hogs, that were in a pen; The infant Don Carlos addressed his brother
measure would bring him within the rule of Sir T. Har- numbers have had their farms very materially in- tie king, and thought it his duty to say that such
dy's instructions;" for if the blockade of the Peruvian jured, fences burnt, &c. and this morning about propositions and measures as were proposed by
coast be a blockade de facto, we never, of course, can five o'clock, we were called to resist the fire in Lozano Torres were so completely ridiculous and
contend against or impugn it, without flying in the face our immediate suburb. The law should be most disparatada, that he could not conceive how it
of our own doctrines ;butifit be a mere paper blockade, b U e most .
the questions arising out of it must be left to the decision rigidly enforced against the perpetrators of such could be intended for one ,le moment to
of the Britisn government at home, as it would render nefarious acts as firing the woods for sport, to the' listen to them, much less to tlunk of discussing
the peace of nations much too precarious, if individual great injury of the community. them.
officers had the power oT determining what did, or did The king then broke up the council by saying,
not amount to infractions of public law,-and were author- as usual, "bien! bien!-let us go get something
ized to take the remedy into their own hands." N PHILADELPHIA, NOV. 20. to eat,"
The mail stage, before day-light this morning, Sept. 2 -The above is the substance of the
Upon every storm, and every deficient crop, in coming from New-York, met one of the Post pr-oceedings at the last Council of State, as relat-
the islands of the W st Indies are open and then Chaises, between this city and Bristol; the chaise ed to me by a counsel l council o Stcan depend
shut again. This is a singular kind of policy.- driver had been thrown from hisa seat in conse- upon. Since that tinme, nothing has been deter-
New arrangements we cannot call these things, quence of the sudden starting of the horses, who mid on, and things remain in sta n quo
But we go to the West Indies, as the Bakers' were in full speed when they passed the mail,- the minute of grce an jus-
carts go to the houses., "Any bread to day ? We understand that there were two female pas- ice, and the prese mt favorite of the king, and
May we call to-morrow ?. What name is given sengersin the chaise. The horses stopped at the who, in fact, may be said to govern this country,
to this kind of huckstering? What Baker would regular stage house, without the passengers is a compound of folly, stupidity and ignorance.
be content long in this way without any steady cus- knowing of the loss of the driver, until they arriv- He wishes to get the Duke of St. Fernando out
towers ? Why cannot the West India Islands be ed there--Frank. Gax. of the country, because he dreads himn: Lozano
numbered, and so the trade set off to them by is t son of a carpenter, and nephew of a watc
the, week, that each may have its turn to be serv- NE YORK, NOV 18 s the son of a carpenter, and nephew of a watch-
ed. We can then.be in the neighborhood, watch- Ocean Steam-Ship Company.-A company depress him, even if he huad.talents and honesty,
ing our opportunity.-Salem Reg. under this title was incorporated by the Legisla- in a court like this; but, during the time of tihe
DELIBER .ATTE TAT MURDER. to4e ofthisste, wi tha capital of 500,000 dollars o Cortes, he was administrator of the hospital at
IJEIAlBERT ATTEcMPTl AT MURDER. to be employed in the construction and out-fit of t ia o L i mi Stti i a
c the island of Leon, from which situation he was
ove sels to navigate the ocean by steam, and the dismissed for stealing all the hams, fowls, &c
o rt CanHL en,A.Mt ,J. AGAZE er6 TE. following gentlemen are named as directors in which were brought for the sick, and applying
Camden, sV.,J. A,'"ember 16. the cliarter, viz, them to sis owm use. He was aftemwatds pro.
Friend Relf: There is no knowing to what acts of d D ld John h e them to his own use. He was afterwards pro-
madness and despair the concerns and cares of this world tadira der D. Goden John Whetten tected by Castanos, who appointed him attetnd-
may drive poor frail human nature. I am told, that two Ienry Eckford John Graham ant of the division of the army he commanded.
young men of your city mutually agreed to take each Preserved Fish Elisha Tibbitts This division joined Lord Wellington, who dis-
others lives Last Sabbath afternoon was the appointed David Dunhaim Stephen fihitney covered Lozano's tricks-he was not content with
time and the neighborhood of this town the fatal spot! Robrt Bogardas James B. Xlurray olig he ws o g e ti
What could induce them to be accompanied by friendsR Brlogdas James urra robbing the army, but used to give information
cannot be imagined; unless it was in order, after the de- harle all to the French of the position of the Englih and
struction was finished, to be sure that their bodies should: The Directors have elected the Hon. C. D. Spanish armies. In the public order of the day,
be deiently interred, instead pf being left a prey for the Colden to be PPresident, and James B. Murray published to the armies, he was declared by the
deth They fired at each other FIVE time en is and Secretary to the company. And, we understand Duke of Wellington a traitor and a thiet; and, if
then agreed that it was better to liee a little longer! they intend carrying into effect, without delay, the he-could have caught him, (he had escaped,) it
'Thine,'. HOWARD. object of their incorporation, by building a steam is said he intended to hang him. Yet this is the
-boat to ply between this port and Liverpool. man who governs Spain, and this is the man. who
roaol, c, nor. 20. has been the sole cause of the Florida treaty not
Captain Crossley, of the schlr. William and Henry, who NuEWBaurt, -N. .Y Nov. 15. : being ratified. He it is who persecrtes Yrnjo,
left here on Thursday morning for Fredericksburg, and .?. "... n a gale, on Saturday morning last, the has atuaell e tis whc persecutes Yt jo,
was compelled to put back, by adverse wiid, after mak- sloop Neptune, of Milton, owned by Selah Tuthill, Esq. who has actually been carried back to Avila,
ing the mouth of the Rappabannock, reporm-ts that when was upset near WestPoint,by which accident Mrs. Smith, where he will remain so long as the present mi-
on his return, yesterday morning at day-break, off York one of the passengers, and wife of *Gein. Leonard Smith, nister, Lozano, retains his authority, which, I
Spit, he saw a schooner of 50 or 60 tons burthen,.which was drowned. By the exertions uf the captain all the predict, will not be very long-for nothing here
had sunk in about 2 fathoms water. He came so near other passengers were saved. is durable
her as to discover and hear thIe voices of three of the At the same time, thie sloop Driver, ofPoughkeepsie, .5 d ..
crew, two of whom were clinging to the top of the fore- was thrown oh her beam ends, but soon righted,' with PUBLIC SALE.
mast, and the other to the mainmast. Ashe neam'ed her, the loss of about twenty sheep from her deck. b t peie o s
he observed one of them to lose hIis hold and slip down, /ILL be sold on the premises, on Tuesday the 30th
and his comrades to let down a rope in order to pull hint V inst. at 1 o'clock p. m. a lot of ground in square
up again. The wind blowing a perfect gale, so heavy a o assavunon, (PENN.) Nov. 12. No 503, on Greenleaf's Point, fronting 30 feet on mthe
sea running that a boat could not live, and being unable On Saturday night last, Mr. Benjamin Blithe, in com- 60 feet street, and running back 120 feet. Said property
to approach near enough to take them off without immi- dany.with a neighbor, left the Brick Tavern, six miles lies between the houses occupied by Wmi. RIutherfordr
nent danger of capsizing, hlie was compelled to abandon east of Greensburg, for the purpose of going to a husk- and Mrs. Mara. The lot was purchased in theyear 1797,
them to their fate. Hle saw two pilot boats afterwards ing. A few yards from the door of the tavern is a well, by John Bickley, from James Greenleaf, for the sum of
go in sight of them, but is confident that they could not from which the pump had been removed ; the night be- 320 dollars, as will appear on the re .rds in this county,
get to them. The schooner had a long main-topmast ing extremely dark, Mr. Blithe mistook his way, having and will be sold by the only heir of said Bickley.
painted white, as were also the tops of bothi masts. Capt. Iuo the well himself & fell into it, from which,we are in- Terms will be lade known at the time of sale.
C. conjectured that she belonged toYork River, and had tforme,, hlie was taken a corpse. He was esteemed an ANN NESMITFIH,.
cspzized during the preceding night. honest man and a good citizen. nov 24-St GEO. ADAMS, auct.


FlOt. TH", P"R IIS CONSTITUT r.I,.L.
"ALL IS LOST." "
All is lost. gr atr marine popli- say io, .1] T am
going :- pros,,v- ;it.. For thirty years back France,
to giVe th hlie to the reproach of inconsistency
which is constantly addressed to her, has raised
only one vwish-thatof' -bt.'irin those blessings
which she has every rightto claim, and which are
the most necessary to her happiness, to wit: lib.
er.'y, .']i: lily, and peace.
Certain men had for thirty years opposed de.s-
potisnm to liberty, pride to .],,ili;f,-t-lth ar-ns of
all Europe to peace. N'. -h.n i. .. *..knmi charter s
declares us free and'f ', and that a negotiation
-a rather dear one to besure-dolivers us of war
and of the presence of .jIJllin -soldiers, you see
that -all is lost ; but for ic/in '.
In 1815 a re-action breaks oI 1 .i-fin I.i-
tion multiply, the. prisFons arenfillh.i, ..;. ,1. ..,'
i cI- in] a l ner ,..t iro f \ > .. c,.:,'i
is h.I' iAtureI ed anh I.Iiitm e r atd f -'' ',ll .a.,-
.)f tlilt I :11" > ;' ,l-- ,,lh i lre .....h ,,i ,..I ; S n. ne;
.ue pit unll-tli't l ,ll .e' 1 'tI .*,tLL't 1 e( t ,lnt 5
i') c p lu'a ..I li ., n. i r .1 1' "ii h c.l.l h. i. 1 -
', ) Ill 1 UL allUl f i!,lll., .Ii .| l% ; h .1ll 1,1 1 7 .11
|..'C. 'rilce- ane n ; ,..IJ li.i ,.J i, .ll ,I,.li:.-i-- blo.,:1
issued in lie s..,i ih; m urders are-i,(c,,iui.i,;l,,
assassins remain unptnished, justice is entrusted
to revenge, the administration: to incapacity, the
protecting sword of the country to inexperienced
hands. ,
WVarriors, covered with honorable scars and.
brilliant with glory, are driven,'from under their
standard ; their courage is put under surveil-
lance: they sce pitiliul scribblers try to wither
their paltis, and reproach to them,, as stains,
wounds hidden under the wreaths of victory.
In short, the whole nation is calumnniated, abus-
ed ; she is accused of having, for the space of 25
years, been sullied.with the critics oflilt uIlti a-
sors whorn she despised orpunished.
Governmeitt, eiill. -iu.i- b,. these disorders ,
after having for soni.e time- 1 .1' -againstI
those infuriatedt passions, restores jliitice, makes
a call upoti the people wvho justify its confidence
by good choices ; arbitrary measures cease ; in-
nocence breathes; liberty appears again; theI
prisons- are emptied.; the exiles come back ;yt)
informers alr-; silenced ; vengeance is stopped ;
experience is called back to I)tpblic' ofices ; 2)
the favorites of victory resume their arms ;(3) tnc
presb recovers its liberty ;(4) public credit as-
sumes the burthen of the state.(5) .
It is in vain that certain men invoke the suip-
,.ort and influence' of foreigners they depart;
tranquility is restored ; the charter does no long-I
Ir exist in theory, but Il practice ;i6) It is clear-
that all is lost; but fur whom ?
In the good old tite-, that is to say, during the
lucrative tine when indulgencies were sold, the
pacific tin : of the destruction of tile .. '-i .. or'
,: Iu y v f the t.ea.mte; the ..i-i to,.,' ,A tjIte
fias ac~rces oi in,: n .<, a .i .:, -, .' i, o uf tli.-'l i.iiri .-
mecit of a million of prutesi.tui U ti ina. 0i o
pious curates like Rabelais, ot triars renouncing
the pleasures of this world, hke the Carmes ari<
the Hernardincs ; 6f exemplary pontifs, such as
Mazarin and Dubois ; of abbls like Voisenoni,
Choisi, and thousands of others ; the mor:l tinie
of the fetes de l'ane, the farees de Garguillc, the
nouvelles de la reine Marguerite; the M'oyen, de
parvenir; the chaste epoch of the wri-itings of
Marot, and tihe publication uf I'HlisiOire alou-t-
reuse des Gaules ; every thing was going on very
well for morals and religion.
In 1815 they had so happily returned to the
good old path they were resuming with so
much zeal in the south, the mild means of per.
suasion devised by the counsellors of Catharine
de Medicis What a pity to be stopped in so
beautiful a course !
Public opinion, the laws, and the government,
'require tolerance : every one is at liberty to a-
dore the Deity according to' his own rites ;(7)'
christians are obliged to live as brethren, and to
love each other agreeably to the principles of the
gospel. The clergy have no longer one-fourthof
the whole income of France ; they will be more
holy, being without luxury ; the country priests
only are taken care of! Who knows even whether
very soon they will not apply to them the money
'which is now spent by thie missionaries, who are
endeavoring to convert the savages of our pro-
vinces ? Those missionaries will be respected
as long as they shall speak of nothing else but re-
ligion, morals, and charity ; but they will be
laughed at v whenever they shall perform m inoneries
and pious frauds, and, whenever they shall re-
ceive letters from Heaven.
The pulpit shall not be suffered to become a
political tribune: cardinals will no longer be
found leading armies ; petits collets will no longer
be heroes of gallantry ; curates shall no longer
recite 'the speeches of Panurge' and Paintagruel;
the law will no longer proscribe philosophers, but
it will chastise ill,'>i:i-. It is therefore evident
that all is lost ; but for whom ?
With \ hat frightful rapidCty evolution. demtoc-
racy, denm.oralization, are' progressing! Not long
since we used to live so quietly, so freely,! The
whole of Europe was I. .r._t .; itr our safety ; we
were protected and guarded by 150,000 foreignn-
ers ; we were enjoying a proud aund complete in-
dependence.
Our friiends alone dared to repair to elections
to give us their votes, in order to enable" us to put
liberty under the inviolable aegis of the laws of
exception.
A few frames of legions, very pure and filled up
with young military men, whose zeal had never


(1) A number of, them still languish' fr from their
homes : may.our ardent wishes be soon accomplished !
(2)' Why are they not confided to experience nsd pat-
riotism ?
(3) Hasten to put them again in the. hapds of those who
bore them with honor"!
4) That is still a question.
5) It is a pity that a credit should have been neces-
sary.
(6) That is to say, they begin to put in practice, but it
requires much before it is completely so.
(7) Thlie charter requires it at least ; but thIe mission-
aries, thIe ardent zeal of certain curates who refuse to bu-
ry the dead, the pretensions of the iltra o'rietates- or the
fathers of thie faith h!


been led :,0t by -: ..1 .:| '..rr; cr.-:,.did afford
us, without danger,l I h riiiiir-.e tof' an army.
The old i-.u fi ,tl L tcI V i'.'cr : on half
pay, on half pittance, but ,, all a.11 l tn r, ely watch-
ed. We were securely marching bLack towards
the good old time, which it was impossible for us
to forget.
Already we did foresee the return of those an-
tic-prejudices, those useful privileges, without
which no monarchy can exist. Every thing was
going on admirably ,; but, as our profession of
honest amen made it our duty to exclude and tor-
menti all those i. i,.J1 I not. entertain the same
ideas as we did about i,. I'..,, which didmake the.
Ieven-eighths oTf the nation rather uneasy, and as,,
,lio ', i love for royalty, we used to censure
rather too strongly the government of the king,
the reit ....
1st. That government, ealiir.;; -,.:lf of its right,
dI'l d -'.l' it us. .
2d. That'tLh fr te.. 'n went away,-
3d. That c iln ..rnd ti.ra jillr re i erid
iti). "rhat a ".,:r b,, .,1 :'.., ij ] i .;.,n to i... .... d
1\ a l. n o lI .h .I 'I t i ,A :' i I ., :, ..,..
i.,j thli. l, hi,th >'n si.?'i,'a;, l a i]0l hero m eri aid
,I. ir, i.. i. s ofthe ''( li, i' i .. i -. e- i.:- o; :li'... ,
grades.
5th., That a law on elections, conformable to
the charter, 'gives to property and industry, with-
out regard to nobility or- opulence, the right of
electing the representatives of the people. That
was the mortal blow ; oalr only hope was to abol-
ish or amdnd that abominable law.
Now 1 a royal ordinance, a formal refusal on
dl. |, t of the chamber of dep-ties, and the ge-
neral cry of the nation, deprive us of our it1
hope. 'Every thing is done. Grime triumphs
let us sound tae al ri i 1i thrr.-ut,'-:'ii Eiurope.
The charter' lch wi we were embracing with
the hope of stifling it, is going to show itself full
dfforce, vigor, and life; ro "-l.y is. gone, since
the king; r'...i..i L.-.it..,i h_; our -:' i,-jti6L.-, wants
to adhere i ., t: .].i rt-r: morality is gone, since
the vxclu'sive may not fear to be excluded'! *Con.-
stiliutional, monarch'y is gone, since the constitu.
tion succeeds' Let us therefore proclaim, that
the country is in danger! And when there shall
no longer remaiti any traces of laws of exception
of arbitrary measures, when, i. short, the whole
of France will, exclaim, all is safe!' You. will
have ihe incontrovertible proof tkat alli io.'~ -
but for whom ?
-- -.--'.
HAMBURG CONSULATE.

The following gentlemen have been appointed
by me, and recognized and ackili-..i 1I, by the
President of the United States, as Vice Consuls
of the Ftee Ht.r-. .i.-',.ity of Hamaburg, and Exe,
q'uators issu.:-.. ti.-I t .!ei c:. Ji..., i :
Jo/iA H'. Schmiid, i..-- .I.i I ... ity and State.
of New York.
Fir deri.'. ... C '. ,* "', F 1. .- 6 .. ,:t i, FB iti-
more and ,t.a.: ,; .11 I ., r .
idnihony C, Ca'ze'iwOte, Esq. for the city of A.
lexandria anrd District of Columbia.
Jactb Wt f, Esq., for the city ofi. 1C, a -iai, ..',,
state of'South Carolina; of which (fiue noeC is
hereby given to' the public.
C. N, BUCK,
Consul General of Llimlturg to the 1. States,
Philadelphia, 19th Nov. 1819.

In the following letter, which is a translation
from the original, pul into our possession by Dr.
Torrey, of Balistewn, to whom it is addressed,
it will be seen that the views of the American Co-
lonization Society have excited the attention of
President Boyer, of Hayti.-The reasons which
he offers'for a change in the destination of the un-
fortunate blacks in this country, are plausible, and
beslpeak a feeling, and a generous mind. But
whether they are deservitn- the attention of the
American people, can best be determined by that
benevolent body of men who have set forward1
and organized the Colonization Society.
Sll. b. Gax.
LiBEnr --[Aws of faylti.]-EuLALITY.
Republic of IHayti.
JEA. S PEuiRR BOYER, Presidtnt of Iayti.
No. 2016.
To Mr. JEssE TotRET, New-York.
Sin : I have received along with the letter which you
have written to me, the work on SLAVER-Y I. TsHE ULNIT-
ED SrATEs, of.which you are the author. The principles
which you develop in it are those of a true philanthro.
pist, and I am pleased to discover the humane views
which have prompted you to publish this work-It
breathes the soundest morality.
The disinterestedness with which philanthropists act,
induces me to-believe that the system of colonizing the
African race is intended solely for their happiness. In
his .case would it not '-.: .'. i r.- .l',t the ir :.ju
towards this republic? 1.s .1c ir. r l, lth..c i.,f..rnrui te
beings would here'find a safe asylum, a fertile soil, and
a country which offers as many advantages as Africa,
which, being little known, woilt expose tlem e;o new
dilliculties, as muchi by the aridity of the climate, as the
great labor it would require to render that country a
comfortable residence.,
I play you to believe, Sir, that love of my brethren of
the sance race, together wVith hospitable motives, induc-
es ime to submit to you my ideas on this subject. They
are not guided by any private considerations, nor by a
desire of dictating any change in resolutions which may
have been-already adopted.
I have the honor to salute you, .
BOYJ.RI.
Port-au-Prince, 30th of the month of September, 1819,
year 16 of tie independence.

MARRIED,
.. On Tuesday evening last, by the Rev. Dr. "Wilmer,
Dr.. WrIxIAr PAKEx, of Virginia, to 5liss SAunI JANs-Cr,
daughter of Mr. Thomas Janney, of Alexandria.
At Queen Anne, on Tuesday tihe 16th inst. by the Rev.
Levin J. Gillis, REVEsDa JouHsor, Esq. of the city of
Baltimore, to Miss MaRC M. Bowie, grand daughter of
the late Robert Lowie, bformerly Governor of Maryland,

DIED,
At Elizabethtown, on Friday evening, aged 102 years,
General Amie Gautier, who served as General under the
unfortunate Louis XVI. of France. The General mani-
fested the strongest attachment to the Bourbon thfmily,
during thle whole period of his life. He was a man of
fine stature and appearance, and retained his health and
reason to the day of his death, and did not appear more
than 70 years of age.

PiT TWT'TNG,
Of eevry desaription executedt atthis Ofjce,-


.L I- cll' 97 ~I~IXIOI)9(-BOC~III111)01~liI~


~v.sl'~3HrrrraT~;P~u~ =~'B`IIU~S7U~1Y, 3~TO~E~T;~E~ER a~a~, ~P9r












-t mt Art I'tUAeit 1mli.tgpne.
F'OI0 1.1 NATIONA111. IST1J.lIr.ea'Et.

TO THE IEmBiI MRi'EVIEWERS.

Vehement is you are on the subject of blaci
slavery, you denounce-i 'with increased energy'
and eloquence, on account of its demoralizing
teneny. If this -doctrine be truh, there is in
deed another thong added to the lash, with whirc
we oare so humanly. scourge. But this doc
t'irle is denied, i i relation to us; at least, it i
no:: uine. The affirniation being yours, the bur
the.t o i'.!o o' ;o "icsm' you. Bring your evidence
c li-. f-.et- occurring here : no theories
fouG :,'. I the history o'l a people placed inl
situation different f;omn ours: no declamation
nlo eloniue'.nce." When facts, such as have beei
desci-hed; .re eixhiibitedI, we can decide at one
whi'.ther they are true; and, if true, whether the
are mat rial. With this requisition you cannu
at this momentt; if evertcomply, We will there
fore si-eaik for 'iurselves.- I will not violate you
Sprom-i'itory admonition, and compare the inhabi
laits of the slave-bholding states with an equal
number o0 people belonging, to the- least ant
lowest of the European nations;' not'even witi
the people of those two nations, onmil of which, a
a f-'rtr-ner period, not very remote, while spcakin
ol"i s. ,ou stigmatized as I bigotted,' andti the other
as m ferocious.' It is miy pleasire-you, perhaps
miay thiink it my duty, to confie myself with:
the limits of the United States. VWell the con
tinent lies before us. Draw a 'line between th
slavto-holding states and the other states, and their
compare the people of the two sections in point
of honor, courage, patriotism, intelligence, mmo
rals, manners, and temper : to the latter (yo)
willt ascribe no superiority. T hey claim none
nor is any claimed against them. Happily, fo
this nation. the morals of the people depend o0
causes of higher order, and more powerful ope
ration. This. line that you have drawn, neve
occurs to them.(28) -In looking for that purn
virtue, and exalted wisdom, to which the safety
of the nation may be confided, we cast our eye
over the nation at large. Your th.sory, so dog
inatically announced, is never thought of by a ci
tizen here, to whose senses all the evidence nlma
be said to be presented : and it is a fact, whicl
ought not to lihtve escaped the notice of 1ren lik-
you, that the first President of the Revolutionar
Congress, the only Cotmmander in Chilf of thu
iRevolutionary army, the first President of the U
States, the third, the ifom th, and the present Pre
sident of the United States, were ail selected front
slave-holding states, and themselves the owner
of slaves. On this subject there is room for soom,
very interesting speculations, which ,ir. Burk
commenced, and none are niore competent t
continue than you. I have not the talent ; and i
I had, this is no place for the exertion of it. Z.f
business is with the fact, and I repeat that thu
fact is with me. Demoralizing Gentlemen ad
vocating wh!it thuy suppose to be the cause o
hul m;iy, ma:y say any thing, and forget ati
thbig. They c:al forget in a nmonmeit the great
est nations .:O;i ever existed : greater than ani
thiCt now exisi: .itions, among whom education
was conducted by philosophers, and not, as iu
Europe, by priests priests, who have piously
contrived to tC'ke possession of man as soon as hi
is born. iand lnev.ir to quit theirI hlud until -thr-
have laid him in the grave. I ask you, then, i
you wished to hold up. as an example to ysou
countrymen or to the world, an individual of thi
highest dignity, distingul.-hed by every virtue and
every quaiiy which render a ln,in great and hit
country illitstrious, where would you i m ,li.m
turn you'- eyes ? Would you pause for a momen-
.among the priest-worn people of Et ope,
would you go at once to Greece and Rome
states in which slavery existed, in a degree, o
which slave-holders of the present day can form
no conception.(2t9)
I shall not pur:iue this subject fai-ther. For a
coir.piete anso er to the wrie-ir (Mr. Jeffersoina
whom you have quoted, if thle answer alrea-ly gi.
ven be not sufficient, 1 ref.-r youth to the S1th and
14th chapters ofi Aratori : a practical man, who,
having, by industry and agricultural skill, em-
ployed upon a very large scale, made ten blades
of grass to grow where one only could be found
before, has done more good than all the philan-
thtropists now living in the world.put together.(30)
To him I refer you. 1 will cause these chapters
to be repulHlished here. They will stand as good
a chance to reach you as this address.
Gentlemen. allow me one moment to remark
to you that. if you ,,,ish again to quote the illus-
trious man whose fame you endeavor to depre-
ciate, while you tly.on tihe evidence of his opi-
nioti, you w1..i not, I trusu, select a senltence writ-
teln nearly forty years ago, addressed to a foreign-
er, in one oi those imiottie-ls of feeling which all
good men experience : mIiolltemls in which tihe
(23) Your selection ofthle state of South Carolinam as
the I.ecuiiar object o yeur ,hilantim-opic animadversion,
was ufifortlmiate t for your theory ofnmorals, or rather cdat
which you hlie sm inconsideratiely adopted. The chia-
racter of thaL state for honor and talents, always-high, is
at this ritoniment emphatically ;m refultaion, an ilustrious
refutation, of all your umfiendtly speculations on this sub-
ject..
(29) Clhatea.dbhrand (Travels into Greece, Palestine,
&c.) ascribes the superiority of the great menu of Athens
dt iRonome over those of modern times, to the existence
iinOiig igmet-(;. of domestic slavery. lMr. C. is mistaken.
The ur ae Tus slaves; the m at .s have Aatis imv s ; the Afri-
cauis have & atd ays havehadsiaetsamogl them.They v are
ai] b-arbaia'nsl still. The true cause, 1 believe, is g-iven
i> the text. Hel etius understood the subject better
thuin Mr. C. In fact, how can any people ever ibe a g-reaml
p.n n:,e, IAhere thie prjudces, imoral, political, and rtli-
gi-us, inib.bed.in early life are s various, and so blend-
ed withi the belief we- entertain f the most sacred and
inport:n iru-tis, ti.t a great part oti the life of a .philo-
sopher must be devoted, s.t so much to tlhe acquisition
of. new knowledge, as to munlern tmhe errors impressed
p}n dhn while young ? Such are the l.ngum-ge and opi-
nionis of Dugald n "stewart.
(30) The author ol'fA2.a-tor is Col. John Taylor, of Ca-
roline county, Virginia; iitst an oIlcer' ini thie Revolu-
tionary army, tihein a lr'actising lawyer, Member of the
General Assembly, Sienator of the United States, one of
the best farmers in Virgihi,, ais< President of the Metro-


politan AgricuIltual Sociy. irougiht up among slaves,
an owner f maniiy, elegant in his i,.anners, liberal in all
his opinions, emi:ently disting'iis-,d for his eloquence
ii public, and his colloquiaa ta ents, and still more for lthe
ispcrtinrbabls serenity of Ihis te-mper.
i icie is a l'French sau ing, and. a very good one, ", that
when a man is fit for nothing else, he will do for a phi.
iwthropist."


'heart will dictate, and ini which the judgment is
not only not consulted, but not regarded. (31) It
you wish to quote Mr. Jefferson again, quote himn
not against his countrymen, but for the benefit of
your own. Take something from his writings,or
his acts.of legislation, which, incorporated in the
laws aed systems of Elurope, will sorin clear them
k of the rubbish by which they are disgraced. Take
Y fot instance, f-omn the bill to establish religious
g freedom, that single sentence which announces
- this sniblime and eternal truth : Where discus-
h sion is free, error ceases to be dangerous Gen-
- tlernen, if you will permit me also to borrow the
s refined language of the warehouse, I will take the
c- liberty to add, that 1 would not barter thi.- princi-
; ple alone, established and maintained as it is here,
5, for all the bales, hogsheads,' and even cargoesof
a science and genius that may be exported, fron'the
; United Kingdoms lor a thousand years to come.
n And although Mr, J's. -l fame may not be strong
e enough for exportation," a figure borrowed, I
y presume, from the wine-cellar, and which hap
-t peis to apply lucrally to the best wine in t'he
- world, yet I beg leave, by the p-resent opportunin-
r ty to address, to qour special care,,a package con-
- twining the folloiciins article', which will bear
sl exportation," manufactured in America, on the
d 4th day of Jruly, 1776, by this same Mr. Jefferson.
ih It is held in high estimation in this country ; and
It if you could persuade some few of your states-
g men to wear it, there would be an end of the pre-
r sent fashion in England, of dying the ioofs of
i, horses, and the sabres of yeomen, in the blood of
n iin,,L--i--...lhiu and unarmed men, and defenceless
w- women. The article is this : Prudence, indeed,
e will dictate, that governments long established
n should not be changed for light and transient
It causes: .d ind, accordingly, all experience hath
" shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suf-
u ifer, while evils are sufferable, than to right
: themselves by abolishing the forms to which
r they are accustomed." I ask pardon of every
n, patriot Briton for the apparent levity with which
- an allusion has been- made to the massacre at
r Manchester: but in my heart there is no senti-
e ment except that of the most profound concern.
y I mean not to pay you a'compliment when I
s say, that you are often very prof found. You pre-
- sent a subject to us in" every light, and we see at
-- once its cause and its consequences. Will you
y have the goodness to devote a small portion of
h your talent for investigation to this subject, and
e trace to its origin that sentiment in favor of A f-
y rican-freedom, which has of late, sa very lately,
e sprung up in Great Britain, and which retains all
. its vivacity and vigor, in defiance of carnage and
. conflagration ? How came it to pass, that religion,
n and humanity too, were silent, while slavery, ini
s some form, existed in evi.ry part of Europe, in-
e eluding Great Britain ? (32) That they are equal-
e ly silent now with respect to the slavery that still
o prevails in a great portion of that quarter of the
f globe ? That they view, apparently, with-total
y .unconcern, the complicated sufferings of an op)-
e pressed and afflicted people, whose misfortune is
I to be white ? That black slavery, -which has ex
i isted ever since Afriica was inhabited, and has
y existed here for nearly two hundred years, pl.nt-
- ed by your hand, cherished by your legislative
y cares, should now, since the American revolution
n -since ire separat1'ld onr'selves front youi-be, all
) at once, discovered' to be a blot," a crime," a
y wickedness, with which no measures are to be
e kept ?" [ow came it to pass, ti at, in lthe year
y 1772. e could nij I pl; rsuader you rillte1arke Tito
f outr prayers, floundid on fears for our safety, as
r well as a behief that tt trade was inhmlian ? Yon
e were inexorable.: dcal. ButViOm, since the whole
I colonial system of France is d, ranged ; non', that
s we are ali independent people, ntchose h.iappii.ess
and sf-ti, ntm' y ? 'e esiserntinlly imPired by lthe d,'-
t iuunciaiiotu of slavery ; now, slavery is a ho'- ibhle
r crie,,c in the LUited States. Now humanity is
? roused from her long repose, andi because we can-
- not extricate ourselves from a situation, in which,
1 by no fauit of our own, swe are. placed, we are
m" beneath the least and lowest of the European
a nations." Inform us, if you please, of the ouri-
gill of tins new born zeal, in Mm hose movements
wie are so deeply concerned ? Is is all pure,
I unadulterated humanity ? Sympathy for the
, blacks and good wi-ii towards u- s ? If it bet the
- first, ermpioy it at home, in voimr ovwn domin-
- ions ; if the latter, we assure you- that we want it
- nt'. It does not come, even in a qcstionable
sh tape. WVe beg to be permitted io judge for
oursAlves, and to act for ourselves. We have re
s jet.ted and the members of the alliance, piously
and modestly calling itself the Holy Alliance, h .ve
rejected, tiie proposition' made by your Minister
at the comiftemriccs inm September, 18 18, to subject,
in certain latitudes, the trading ships of all na-
tions to search, by the commissioned ships of ail
other ntitons; and to establish an anomalmios tri-
bunal, for the condemnation and punishment of
all infractions of the laws proliibi.inig the slave
trade. This proposition, to be suru, sounded[
well, admirably well: but it is easy to discern,
through the ext.-:rim cf Ihim n ity, a policy well
calculated to bend the m.,'sks o aill thiii marituimeli
(31) It iughtI to he remarked that Mr. 's Notes were
wriilen under the influence of illtpm-'msi ins aide on his
mind durimj;t the colonial governmim nt. Si.ce t:ttai time
a gren t chianm;e has taken iiace. iven at lie time when
he wrote,' tie change,' lhe says hinmseh, I was already
perceptible.' T'he picture which hie then drew bears
now but a slight resemblance to the reality. I do not
know a man cruel to his slaves. I have hu-ard ofaTfew :
very few : many years ago. They livedabimorred. The
peoph- of Fi' rope can form no idea of the force of pubihimc
opinion, in a country where tlivl wuhoe body of the white
people constitute only one class, and thIe source of all
power. A cruel manl would not be endured. The tiur-
der of a slave, in Virginia, is punished now (not ormer-
ly) wul- deith ; and, incredible as it may appear, the
offence, it is believed, is committed ten tunes on white
; people, where it is cominitted once on the blacks. Suchi
an occurrence is indeed extremely rare.
It is to be iniifer-ed, from the tenor of' the reference to
Mr. J's book, that you ihave only seen thu extract firt-
nishtedby Mr. Hall. If you could see all hat the notes
contain, on tlie subject before us, vou would be entirely
convinced, if you have not felt the conviction already, as
I hope 3 ou hiavie, that, in questions which touch our feel-
ings, the best heart and the clearest head are not always
asecurily against error. tpon some sul-jects eve- a
philosopher th.nks he doth welI to be angry ;' and slr.
J. himnisef stops hiort, lest he should become inteue-


rate.' Mr. ,i. if not intemperate, spoke without much
reflection. lue talks of exporting blacks, and importing
whites, as i it were a mer-e matter of ordinary comnimer.
cial arrange'ient: just uswe do in Virginia of shipping
hogsheads of tobacco, and as you do of slhippiig "b ales
and hogsheads of sense, science, and genius."
(32) There were slaves in Great BIitain, in the time
of Elizabeth, 1574.-Reb. ch. 5, vol. 1, note U.


nations of the world to the yoke of your naval su- land,(53) fed 'on potatoes sh'd a little salt, with man cannot be changed. Philanthropy may de-
premacy, while it exposes tneir peace, as the that of oir slaves on a well-regulated plantation,: claim : :1 h,.s declaimed is now declaiming, and-
French Minister (the Duke of R.) most truly re- enjoying th-ir weekly .1.. :. _.- of meat or salted will continue to declaim : but the sentiment pro-
marked, to the most fearful jeopardy lish, their eurdens filled with! cabbages and sweet duiceil by difference of color will be as eternal
And, after all. where is the great differ- potatoes, the only potatoe they would deign to; and tim hangcale as-the decree of the Almighty
ence, in estimating the mass of human misery, eat, their fowlIs, their dogs and thcir traps for by which that difference was ordained. To this
between slavery and service. In a certain stage game, their fishing-rods when in the vicinity of dispensation we must all :-ubmit, and submit in si-
of society, that is. when the population is thin, mill-ponds or rivers, &, above all, their corn meal lenme. it is God who hath made us,and not we
and when the demand for service exceeds the bread-the best bread that the poor ever had, in ourselwvs." Shail the thing formed say to him
supply, the difference in favor of the latter is ad- in .any part or in any period of the world Now, which formed it, why hast thou made me thus ?"
emitted to be great: but, when the country be- without going farther into this comparison, say- I take it for grantc-d, then, the emancipated
comes more populous, & labor, after having been ing. nothing of many other advantages which blacks are forever to constitute this .inferor and
sought by employment, begins itself to seek ein- slaves possess, or of their entire exemption from. degraded cast. The only plan of emancipation
p!oyment, the hireling is in a state of inore ab- those heart-rending evils inseparable from the that I have ever seen, and which has been recent-
solute dependence than a slave, and proves that poverty of the whites I ask you to take a distinct ly brought out from the obscurity into which it
he is so, by working much harder and faring view of the condition to which they wit be redu-ed sunk soon after its exhibition, proposes to per-
much worse. In a state of society still more ad- when the glori,.us" plan of their emancipation, petuate their degradation by legal coercion. They
vanced, where manufactures have encouraged a e shall have been effected. Of the mischieff'done, ate to hold no ollice,no freehold hi lands-to.keep
wretched population, and '.iere poor laws, found- to the whites, during the 30, 40 S, or 100 years nom arms-to marry only with blacks : not to act
ed in huinanity-meddling, erring humanity- [which may be required for the cosimmnniation of as attorneys, juo,'s, winLesses, executors, or ad-
have increased the numbers and the miseries of this greit work ; of tie evils which thivyt must suf- nministrators. They are to incapable of mak-
the poor, and their cries too, then the advantage fer; of the privations.. expenses, and trials, and ing any wiii;; they cannot be trustees of lands,
is on the side of the slave. Such is the condition dangers, to which they will be expos-d ; .1 say nor ca' any body be a trustee fr them : Such
of a great portion of your country now. FTe nothing. I should no. be heard. All sympathy, is to be the condition of the blacks : such is the
scenes of want and woe exhibiteid there, familiar all humanity, is now blat k or copper-colored. sentence whici philanthropy itself has pronounc-
to you, make but a slight impression ; but, to us, Let tu suppose ourselves at tihe expiration of ed. Now, pause for a moI ent, and see the con-
they appear awful. Frequent assemblies of live, the period required ant that you are invited to dition i which they avereduced. i'heyarefree,
ten, twenty thousand people, anxious for labor come to America and witness the effects which l ils true. They are under no.imm.editate per-
aad clamorous for bread, which, if obtained, must your el-quence and philanthropy have contribut- sonal conti ol. Yes, they are free to choose a imas-
be obtained fromni charity; quiet, sometimes from ed to produce. You spring )up with alacrity. ter. This is the head and front of their freedom.
a deep conviction of their own nmpotence and ut- Yes. you will take this.delightfil view, exclai:n- It hath this extent: no more. They are poor; and
ter insignificnce in the scale of British subjects, ing, with enthnsi isin, and is it true, that the poor they must labor fbr a subsistence. This is all
and sometimes from fear of the bayonet. which bl.,ck man i.s at length restored to his rights ; that that they ca'. ever obtain. Any thing like dis-
turns towards them whichever way they move; there ii not a slave south of the PotYmac. You tinction is utterly beyond thvim.' reach, even with
wretched, not only from a sense of preseilt suf- are answi!'ed, ciome and see. Well! ymtI at-ri e; equal physical endowments, which they have not.
firing, but from a. gloomy anticipation of that yua lock about withl e-vtIuhation ; you cast your Any thing like equality, even if otherwise attain.
still greater suffering which attends their wasted eyes.in every dire(.ti: o: but s. on your coiunte- able, is interd.cted. If then they become indo-
strength in the decline of life, present a specta- nance is changed. '.:u tremble and turn pale. lent, as they are naturally disposed to be, and want..
cle unlike any thing that can be sees i.i Ameri- At length, in a t, iOec enft-bled by apprehension, bread, who will supply them ? If heedless, as they}
ca, and, I will venture to affirm, to a man of reai you ask, where are 'he bkck people ? Surely always am-, and led blindly on by the feelings of
humanity, infinitely more atlicting. I repeat, these are wtt all. They are, a t Ail! there is the moment, as they forever wil be, they lbern
then. my question, what is this difference ? MaNi, not one third of the unb.-r Utint existed 30 years matrimonial connections, and have many chil-
if not" made to mourn," was made to labor. Tne, ago. What hls become of the ? i-Have you, drein-t vho will prescribe for them when sick feed
services required in society must be performed, with Lacede:-.ona.n .'ii-y ad t cruelty, treated them when liungry, or clothe them when naked ?
and will be performed by whites, if not by blacks, them like Helots ? 11d ed we hauae nt. Short if they are illy treatedwho is to protect them ? In
Well, are not the laboring whites, if constantly and simple arc the 'inoils of theee wretched vi,:- such state of i.,-., is it not. manifest that they
at work, poor as well as the blacks ? Are they tims of ever restless, mistaken phila-thropy, have exchanged a life of comlparAtive ease for the
inot ignorant, cuite as ignorant as the blacks ? Brought up wi.tf the exp.;cLtion ou having the mere tna1ne of freedom, while, by a dc-:rce of the
Are they not also in a state of more absolute de- toncontrolled command of their own time and Ainiighty, the golph which separates them from
pendence than tie blacks, evinced by their hird- movements, they nevera i.o,-rd when they c,,cid the whites,.is as impassable as ever :-that they
er labor, poorer food, -and greater suff-,ring ? It oe idle Theiy often a, icipated by flight and ttual become inDoient, careless, vicious sunk in
is true, they cannot be chastised, except with mo- conceahient th,- lookkel-for pc:-i:d, and were fi'c- hmeir owl, esteem ? Degraded by nature and -by
deration. perhaps not at all : but they may be quently di-miissid; by ih-ii inA 'ignant owners ioin.4 iaw, ti.ey pine away theirlives in hopeless dcj.ac-
driven off without a character, and left to perish bde re thil period of the-ir ses vice had expired, tion, and feel no desire to raise up children to be
or to steal. Are not your high-ways infested, Petty coinU.bina.i.s lor pliund-er were so.-n formr- as wretclied as themselves. They languish, de-
yourjails filled, and your nmiliary ranks supplied- ed, and soon isuppr--shet.d. But :ne aversion to la- cay, and, in a few centuries of wretchedness and
by discarded serving muen ? And it a poor man bi r coulil not bie overcoitme,. t a ness produced vice, they disappear. Such are the triumphs of
submits to iard labor and harsh treatment, for the want; aid then followed, in ra.,ld anid ine itabie pIantithrlopy.
sake of a f:i-rily, is not his heart in a state of con- succession, misery, dtscoit. i;t, cities, punish- Gentlemen, did it never occur to you that the
stant misely, from the anticipatlin of that poverty ment, instuirecti.i. I he Ilu ter rc.Aced i the num.ii- application of opprobrious epithets to a people
and wretchedness which he-knows will be theii b.hr tar below what t oi now bee it : but, as the speaking the saneJainguage with yourselves, must
lot ? IFrom all this ;.nguish, the slave is freu. survivors have becii disi'trI'.uted among the peo- unavoidably be productive of mischief and blood-
He feels no anxiety alout his own support, nor die, at their uwn prayerr, as. slUaves, they swill pro. ,shed ; aL that if such .iC t be produced, there is
any apprchension- that his clhitdrcf may star\ e. bably a.ain icrc. ese and multiply, as they did in ai awful responsiblity tixed upon those who in-
He eij-vys the comfort of a lauivly-the list aimi happier times. You retire disappointed, afflicm- t rod--c"d these ephets ? V What is tIe state of
greatest, after all, that 1niIn, Vwhlte or black., call ed, vers-. h;lnh d ; solemnly declaring that you things even now, when the officers of our res-
have-and this comfort is without diloy. \\ hen wviin never ac.ait 'open your tips as to t ilc domeesti. ipect ime navies meet ? Polite, ceremoniously po-
sick, attendcl bly phiy;,ician, he is i.i-sud )by his concerits of the' people of any nation of the globe. -ate, as tey may be, are they not always on the
own fan-ily,, di.'ected by hi ism It,l r. or loust 'pr-- But iet u,, take a more fav,,rabie view, tholgh iatchi ? Can one bite his thumb" withoutho-
bably his mistress; and, w5in old if of goo: by no means so likely to occur. Let us su;,- ing required by the other to explain ? Will what
Itame and beihiviour, greeted a;iln',t unii\ crsHaii ,use tih.:tithe people f a sLite, where the black vyoi nave said allay this proud spirit of defiance
by the respectful and tr.cltionac. epithet of a,'cco .opunil.ion is nearly equal to tre whne, forieses.- iti"d hoUbtiliy ? or will ii exacerbate that spirit, by
het spends his last vy151 s it h-.ut labor, excii' ng the mischiet ah.a iy described, proceed at throwing, into it a feeling of revenge ?
such as he chooses to aideitaike, \ itImot wa:nt, o ce tO t> the eslal)iistlent of such a I.l., iIt at- HBas it never occurred to you that an interfer-
w il,ttt.t (t Ir-i- il-c,-rl coihl or i'is ,,'hi wi:l;mi'hhilidr;, rusigi-ma;elt ,t s i ic un,.uisicis all 'me on ithe part ence with ith interior it.t o eriils ofl' uch a people, .
iin the midst of those who. ., tHit;ouIh ilite, or lor ;f the blacks, o obttalning an',: thing uit by labor is of a very different character from any interfer-
many years hle hais hbcin aic iustcoi't d to love aid and indus' ry. 1IThis suttpotiotln lte most fa- fence with the affairs of a nation il,..>t.ii. a lan-
to respect. He knows, i-dethe, thll hills children vorable for th'nI that cal beu ..a.e. ''hey are guage of its own ? We were once under the do-
are slaves ; but he knows also that it has pleased free, a.ind they know tih.tt their subsistence de- minion of Great Britain. From her we derived-
Almghty God to separate hunm and his children pends on ilicir l.-bor, and tieir happiness on their our language, our laws, and principles of juris-
from ithe white pe-,ple, by a difference of color, good conduct. Does philanthropy ask more ? prudence, which we think we have improved ;
i (iic as g ecat .as the difference of their condition, There is, ill such a state of things, an obvious much of our literature, (such as it is, you will
; and mir,-, constantly pr-sct.edI to the senses. and most important circumstaImce the effects of say,) our science, (if, say you again, it deserves
Now, gmi encin, cs iate this difference care- which ham e never been duly estimated. This, the name,) and a great proportion of the taste,
fuly; auii, il sucib i, -. our pleasure or yutr opi- however, ought ntit to.abffod matter of surprise senti ent, and even opinions, which we possess.
union, make 1o0 cd-c.uoi fi'urom the mass of mise- Philanthropy disdains to calculate. It rushes for- Much of all the literary information which we
ry 111;1.uted to the bi.a ks, on account of a sense ward towards its object, trampling as it goes, on daily receive, is indicated to us by yourselves.
of inferiority to the whites, arising i-ronm various 'hc best feelings of tie heart, the dearest interests At this momentyour influence among us is great.
causes but particularly from color: make no of socic'y, thie recorded precepts of religion, and You have been already quotedoverandover again
deduction in consequence of the f.ct, that almost the acknowledged principles of law, before it has or the subject noy under consideration. Ought
every black in' America was born a slave, and ascertained the real value of the object thus im- you not, therefore, to be.as to us, particularly oi
viewed and felt lhimoself as such, from the earliest petuously sought, and even whether the object your guard ? You know not our situation with
moment of his consciousness : nor on account of thus sought be in truth attainable, respect to slaves ; you know not their numbers,
his entire exemptionTfrom that anxious and op. T-he circumstance to which I allude is simply nor their habits ; you are ignorant of their actual
pressive feeling produced by the anticipation of this: the blacks when freed are blacks stiil.- condition : yet you encourage the zealots and en-
poverty and want. Let it be conceded, too, that They are negroes in spite of freedom. thusiasts of this country, by affording the sanction
there is error in supposing that in certain stages In ancient Rome, when freedom was conferred of your high character, to persevere in their ef-
of society the condition of tihe blacks is to be pre- on a slave, lie took his .station in society at once, forts. without plan, though not without an object;
ferred. Let all this be so. What then ? Will according to his n,anners and capacity. He be- iwhiie it is manifeAt to/ every thinking man that
the chance of benefit to be obtained by the blacks, came a Roman citizen, without any maikr of his emancipation here must be effected, if effected at
at any assignable period, justify an interference former servtudte and degradation. He stood up- ali, is it was brought about in a great part of Eu-
which goes into ti.e midst of every family, into il a footing wish the great body of the people, rope, and in Eigaid paiticularly--by the gradu-
the interior of every household.; an interference and was authorized to aspire to the highest hon- ai and silent working of events, and not by the aid
which, if systematic and of gradual operation, ors of the state. Such, at least, was the fact, of law or visionary philanthropy. Gentlemen:
tnu.t be kno.-n to the lavie, whose unborn and at the time when the pride of imperial Rome, car- when from the spirit of impatience and discon-
distant posterity are aine to be released, and will, ried as high as civil and nmi!iary power could tent among the blacks, which you and your asso-
if it have any effect, render him discontented, and carry it, b)re some faint resetiblance to the pride plates here may, im due tinme,(35) produce the
his owner severe ? This surely can contribute of cc.csiastical Rome, some centuries after- conuiagration of a city aid the murder of its inha-
to the happiness of neither, and may terminate in \wards.(34) bltams, shall have excited a war of extermination,
thll extirpation of the very people who are the How different is the case of the blacks. They or a state of slave-y like that which existed in
object of all this indignant eloquence, and fierce are poor and spiritless!, because, though free, Rone, what will be your feelings ? V ill you not
'imrd ripappeasable huinanity. Do ;ou not know they arc black. They constitute, and must Itforever deeply and bitterly lament that you contributed
andm fIcl, at this moment, how difliciilt, how dan- constitute, and know, ;ind feel that hey constitute to bring woe and death into this distant world,
.gerous it is, to touch any system, no matter how an inferior and degraded cast. For conclusive and that you had not confined your humanity to
wrong, which, hiing Itemn established for certu- evidence of the t'utith of this opinion, I appeal to .your own country, where so miany objects call a-
tics, has i -corporitted itself with the manners, the actual condition of the fit e blacks in your loud ibr its exertions ? I entreat you, then, oti
habits, aind seltinienis of society, and had no in- country, as well ais in our own: particularly in this subject aticast, to leave us to ourselves. Of
considerable effect in making iithat society what it that part of our own country where the denunci- our pubic conduct say what you please. We are
is. Loot; at your own poor laws. See the mis- ation of slavery is expressed in the strongest willing to appear, like others, before the. grand
chiefs which they produce to the poor-the very terms. This cannot bc helped. The nature of inquest of nations, and, like others, to make ourt
persons intended to be relieved. Can you repeal -- dlJinmce on points in which all are interested, and
utiese laws ? Ihnmpossible. Can you submit to their (3;i) Mr. )'almer, in thie debate before referred to, oil have a right to judge. But, in concerns ex-
progressive operation ? I give no opinion ; but states, in the tiace of thIe British n-tion, that thle slaves in clusivly our own, especially this concern, whose
i will say, that our case is attended by ditficul- thel West Iadies had, until within thIe last iwovei years, (al- origin is traced to you, leave us1 to ourselves.
ties an'd dangers incalculably greater, unless we luding" probably to the time iabut which the Reg-istry Bill Be content with the happy consciousness of your
are left entnirely to oui selv.s, hiad been introduced by Mr. Wilbertbforce,) enjoyed a own greatness and huinanity," and bless God
There is another consideration, in relation to sum of comfort and content, not only vetrycmonisalera that you are not, like us,re-publicants and sinners.
this estimate, to which I must again call your at- bhie, but capable ot'no disadvanitageous compnarisoni with Ve do lnot interfere with you. VWhen you tear
tention. The condition of the blacks is every day the condition of the lower classes in any other country, 20,000 British subjects from their homes, their
improving. It is better pow iltian it was twenty even in ireat t ritiinii." Now, without meaning to ar- wives, their children, and their long desired re-
years ago ; and twenty years hence, if we can rogat itay t -.-'" 'o thie people of thins country, in preju- pose, and fotice tlhiem into ships of war, where la-
keep clear ofspeculanon in humntanity, it will be duce oi he peo m!e it the West India islands, I tlink t bor anid stripes, sufferingin every forao, and dan-
better still. The revere se is the case with the mac a ie m.rly stat thle, if Mr. Pamner's reniark be ger and death, in every shape, assail them, we say
plior white laborer. Every year his situation correct as -.. e.Wei inmies, it would be more enmiphauti- nothing. It is your business, not yours. We pity
grows worse; tiitil at length he is reduced to the call correct it, .-iaiton to the peotlle of the tniited and are silent. We do' not tell you that the me-
iiiuiniuin by which a wretched existence can be Statls; simply because slaves fare better under the care teor flag of England should be carried over the


sustained. Can it then be wise or Iilmanie to ven- of a master tiian uder thait-of all overseer, and, in tihe deep by mariners who are free, nor that the ex-
stre on a on, uny scheme to improve Umted Sates, ninct -nine slaves perhaps out of every oritant revenues of a few of your stalled theolo-
t.laL which of itself is daily growing better ? In hundred are under the eye of the owner; which proba- gists would be sufficient to atiObrd alU inducement
such a state, and such a pruspect of things, can lly is not thie case in the West Indies, many of the most to volunteer service. This subject, and subjects
it be right to hazard an experiment by which thna opient p-ropsietto is iesidtny in direat Britain. like this, are safe from our aniiiadversion. \Ve
very foundations of society wtil be ch.'.nged, with- (34) it is a circunistace worthy of nouice,that, during" klnow how difficult it is, in old and established
out a clear tfoesiglih and conviction that the per- the existence of tlie republic,' and even during the ear- systems, to mniake a change for the better, even
sons lor i hose sake ltie change is to be e cll'ecte ly pei-oL obf the ,-npire, while some sentiment of liber-
:.ill be essentusly bcnciitd t? ty etitttntuied, the collet of emancipation was leSS liavora- (J.-) The effect of the discussions among" the aboi;
Let u-s exainide thhi., ,0oi0 t mrlore in detail. WVill ble. three or 'ni geteratiomns were required to pa.s a- tioisits and colonizers, on thle black peopltk, is a!t-ady
yL coumparmthe i cou ion of te poor in lh -v way, btire the ig;uomn} ofzt a servile origin could be .oty discerned.
y-cu eroiumc he tithutili f imepot- ts en AMIieh.









when a change seems obviously required. WeV .. ------
are therefore spectators, and spectators only. Act i \ i ,'-i 'T
in the same manner towards us : Leave us to. --' A -'- -' *-L-- J'
manage our concerns in our way; and do not ex-'
lilt over us, by ostentatiously contrasting your C
" greatness and humanity" with our huleness and' 1 11Qv -',' 1 v ,, A1.,
cruelty. Gentlemen, on these points you throw
-away your eloquence; you waste your sweetness There' was a report in circulation yesterday,
in the ocean air. It has no effect ht e. Believe after the at'ival of the, astern ^l1, that the
me, we are neither awed by your greatness, nor
impressed by your humanity., f you wish to in- KING OF SI'AiN had ratified the Treatsy with the
uluige yourselves on these topics, address your'- UNITED STArES, about the 20th Sefptember last.
selves to the Danes, to the Norwegians, to the
Irish, to the exiled patriots of .pain, to the Ge. he report appears to gain credit aon tll
.oese, and, tou ching at St Helena, go on to the gent people here. A day or-two will cotifirmtt or
50 millions of Hindoos, who, no doubt, in their contradict the report. For ourselves, .we are in-
plenty, and happiness which your administration lined to believe it.
has so long 'djlused throughout their land, rust "--
me, entlei eon, they will be uaniounos in their .hiladelphia Banus versus the'Bank of the U.
decision. States -We published. the other day. without
When I began this letter, I expected that it comment, a statement -. n .by the C-'asi'-rs of
would occupy but a small space. At a distance the several Banks in Philadelphia, explaniatory of
from home, and destitute of many advantages the state of the account current between them
which home would have afforded, l meant to have e
addressed to you a few general remarks. The and the Bank of the United States. If ny ris-
field of observation, however, seemed to extend conception existed on the sub-ject, it appeared to
itselfa.s I advanced ; and, ouch as I have said, a us perfectly proper, that it should hIbe cleared. up.
great deatlmore remainss to be urged. This can WVe did not .... however, that it would be'
be done, and no doubt will be done, at a future taken for 1,:ri,,i this statement improved anyi
day, by some person more equal to tilhe task. 1 t h a
have :id eougth, hovevr', I tru,,t, o convince ting contained in Col. Drayton's Report to the
all reasonable men that the institution of sla-. Stockholders of the Bank of the U .,'I States,
very," though it may be the curse," is not the' accepted by them, and p.l'.l....d I'y their autho-
crime" of ly country, and that every effort, in rity I it was presumed that.t the. L: ...- .o -f
the present state of tidings, to rei.ove it, must be R reportt would be re-examined, by those who felt
not only unavaiin; ut pernicious, an erest in the matter,.r.. nothingwould
Writing to mien whose vocation it is to criti- itrf wu
cise as well as to write, I re et, on-your account bt found in it conflctimg with the statement of
mnoro than on my owli, that I had not time (such the Philadelphia Banks. We are now ,pi .1.
is indeed the fact) to give to this. desultory and however, by the Alexandria Herald, that the
ctmnbrous letter, written in three different and latter. statement has excited considerable sen,-
distant places, a better form. But if .the matter sibility ; and that the Editors of the Herald a
contained in it shall induce you to view the sub-s, a t .. ... iet ut o
jcct on which you have so hastily spoken, with waitwithanxiety a development justificay o
nore attention, to form an opnnio v.itnh more d- i the report of the committee." It is no part of
liberation, and to express that opinion in terms our business tojustify the report of the cuounit
more consistent with the principles you profess, I teo. But it is au act of justice to the very res-
shall feel little concern as to the esnimate which pectable gentlemen who composed that comnut-

"ou or others may ortm of my eptistolary ledots. tee, to see what it is they have said, that has so

N-ctwitListanuirig the unquahfied disapprobation :ktenly excited the sensibility of the Phii adel
which I feel and have expressed, ofyour manner, phia Jt ii..-, :.i.i,it now appears, of some part and tone, and language, in relation to this co-n- the Public,before v.ii- 'i ..i.. i the |:rtis stand.
try. andof the doctrines which you have so con- We therefore quote,"below, the passage of tlhe
lidently asserted, I will not permit myself to con- Report, which has been made the .subject of re-
elude withoutacknowledging the high senseI en- i
u. ,, ... ",'" "mark Thatnpaper was probably drawn up in
certain ot the ability displayed, generally, in thle mr. T h wa p d u
i.dinburgh Review ; and, to convince you that I haste, and not expected tobe the subject of very
have spoken mure in sorrow than in anger, I beg nice and verbal criticism. The meaning, however.
leave to declare to you that it iss ny sinc erei wish of the disputed passage, is obviously such as, by
thatt the argumcints whoih you have offerel1 to the aid of the words introduced within brackets
discourage emigration, may be aided by such a ibelw, it will more pla.nly appear to those iho
policy, on the pait of your g-overnnment, as willave hitherto bt hastily glced he eyes over
deprive your countrymen of every mtive hi to but haslygl-.ced their eyes over
quitting tile land of their sirts. it; and which, for our part, we do not see how
AN AIMERICAN. any attentive reader could have misunderstood :
P. S. The prophecy contained in the antipei 4 In ite city of Philadelphia, the local banks
Tunnlimate paragraph of this letter, appears .to have received from the parent B. nk i;10,972
have been anticipated ly the event. n octave dollars in specie more than they have pkai to it,
-voltime has been published by a grentlem.an of N,) jo,:uumes which the committee have beh-i;


trhiladelphia, containing a noutce and refutation
of the calumnies uttered itn Great Britain against
the United States. A large and interesting por-
i i. -.1 i v^ ,, i ,- -, ,, ,*l ,l*i .;e, t on!
'* i 1 l 1, I l 1 : r .1 l. i iii. C.t -na-,
ienest it to you" t .I I'n 'n* .l.,ti] .igii re .ni, 'at.thI tsiut

I,1 li i **1 i i. S-os k .. y tri p st, ate it
.. }.' is .i. *i m a en cde asit teceyeti fu'
di'ili shed at i't ishivwork, toc ol
I i,.:- 'e 'n r'a stat -uncnrntarmi ated by the
4" ai;r niuus cuitsm' within ich '' no T cilrs ai et
to be kept," .d v'ho.tIherefre ..'. be supr.usei .
to: b eoqp omi -tha*ba'-s i prucjupiice to
which, in a i re s'ti:'lern latitude, tI night have
t en elefid. et I cannot say that'I admire int
literary ,Wfare into which he his been provoked
-to enter, however 'avonalA e'nsy opinion-'ay be
of the skill with which it is conducted. Ido not
thin llhat hostilities of this kind are calculated to
diminish that hatred and contempt which race
feels for race." But the fault is on, your side of
the Atlantic, aiot o. ours. VV e d _- .;., m peace,
peace between nations, and the individuals com-
posing them. Our. wars, therefore, are always
defensive ; and defensive wars, yous k vow, are al-
mustalways successful. In lie prescrt instance
thie writer has come out anid throwli his gauntlet
in the face of all the reviewers ant writers int
Great Britain, hostile to his country. He hl:ts lei-
sure, talents,, inafonmatin, and zeal ; and I most
cheerfully leax.' in his hands the defence of the
character and conduct of the United States against
all the forces that may lbe combined against him.

DAIOEN, GEO. NOV. 15.
Saturday last tcimintaeue the trial of Colonel
John L,.. opkins, (f-or killing' McQueen iMcln-
losh, in a rencontre in the streets of Darlen, inh
March last,) which conm1.encced on Momnay. His
honor judge .Berrite. concluded his eloquent ;and
impressive charge to the jury, at 3 o'(luck, and
and at 7 the- jury returned a verdict of man-,
islughter.
Mr. Drysdale opened the argumenton the part
of the state, with much learning arnd eloquence.
The council for the -prisoner, Messrs. DLLyo'n,
Wilde, Charlton, Nichol, Shefiall, Cuyier, and
Walker, conducted the defence with great abili-
ty; and perhaps the eloquence displayed by them,,
severally, has never been surpassed on a similar
occasion
iir. Law, solicitor general's reply, did equal
honor to his head and his heart ; anUd whilst he
vigorously met and answered the arguments of
;he prisoner's'council, and endeavored, wlth elo
quence and learning, to establish the charge ex-
hibited by the inditment, lie could not avoid e
vincing occasionally .he feelings oif the man.
The prisoner, previous o the charge of the
court, begged ieave to address the jntry, which
was immediately assented to by his honor. His
address was eloquent and ab'ecting, and manifest-
ed. talents which we hope to see, at ssme future
dlay, advantageously exerted for societyy and his
country. His sentence is three years' imprison.
ment in the Penitentiary.--Gaxe'e.

PHILAnELPIIIA, NOV. 22.
The m? Custom /iouiiie, that has just been


posscsscssed of exhibit the specie transaorioiis be-
tween the Bankofthe U. States and its oticcs, arilt
the local banks generally ; [that i, throuihouti the
- [,. I ... '. i.- il ~ Or ka of.tftlh it uOirO in i
, ,I'lr; ..i.. ,,y ,' -.!,- ot i'th tPareut B:ilk si-, iw,
that the 1111nces due to 't by ie local b-alks ige-
t-ra'iily, s ;. thio.'tl i --i",nii at "e inilscd Stattts] s-
inount to 24 23,tiS doilaist .' lt t'ihe bal clAis
d by il o 1 1 1-.--. [geto'n-rally, i. e.
throighlIouthe Un itd T atcsJ amottunt o 941,000;
maanites Ag that th la-arge suini ol !,5. 1.658 dol-
lars remains diue to.the institution, [)ruom he j ir-
'cal banks gee.r-rally, throughout the United
States and f' r wnich it is enitiled to demand
s;peci'e. but which it has forborne to do, aithonigh,
in order to s*uprort the credit of the coli itlry, it
has purc!,ased great quantities of specie, at a
cosisider.,ble expense
With the abrive interlineations, which to have
inserted would have been unnecessary redundan-
cy, it appears that nothing was said in the Report
respecting the Philadelphia Banks, nor any allu-
sion intended to them, except in the first sei'tence
of the patr'graph above quoted.
However, perhaps, after all, we are mistaken,
as language is capable of various constructions',
and a .i..., .,,i construction has actually been put
on the paragraph by a writer in this paper, under
the signature of Philo-HIono, which it has been
thought necessary to refute by a formal state-
ment under the signature of eight Cashiers of
Banks in the City of Philadelphia.

We learn from Gibraltar, that the seamen of
the \merican squadron had made up a suml
amounting to twelve hundred dollars, for the
purchase ofa sword, to be presented to Com-
mnodore .'*. .1. .--. ii.

1, II PROOF it-T 'Si' NV t'I.'SSiTY OF TH'1
OCCUPATION OF FLORIDA.

ROM THE Ai1l AMA ADVIDLTIStI, OF THIE 2d OF (OCT.
NASSAU, OUT. 2.
The Indians who arrived here on Wednetday
last, froi Florida, arc corner to solicit s.miec sup-
plies. The Chief has with him a prociaimation
issued by Admiral Cochrane and General Keeme,
at the time of proceeding against New Orleins.
\Ve believe an application has been made to the
commander in chief for assistance, but they luve
had no encouragement to expect a compliance
with their demands, the amity subsistin g between
our government and the United States precud-
ing any measure .. I.li,, to increase or promote
a hostile disposition between these people and the
subjects of the states. They are desirous ofget-
Ling to Jamaica, but their visit there can he b as
little effect as it is here. They represent tlem-t
selves as driven from their homes and hunter as
wild deer ; that there are about 2000 of tlem,
and that their greatest enemies are the Cow;tas,
a nationlike therTselves,who, having made ttrans
with the Americans, are set on by then to ha-


compacted, forms eC- ot tie most striking orna- rass and annihilate their tribe. The number ar-
mients of our city, attracting the attention: ofstiran- rived are 2s, and, being destitute of the mean; of
gets. It is of th thch.:stest class( of architecture. arefrined, on the score of humaiy,
..* f'ont is cnibellislhe.l ,'ith ar;cn elegant figure oiSupprt e f ed, n e scre c tity
tCo nrircs eaxecteie tt 'his guest style, by that vith nations, and allowed to lodge in one of the
admirable sculptor, Reasn. barracks.


in-T .-? In the da'- paper of yesterday, the m-ticle heacaed
S" *'faiir" ought to have been credited to '1lie Avro),a,
from which paper it was copied. .
..; ... .* .


--2- 1 _'- -.-'- ..



,r ,, -. .
.-

JAMES MONROE,
PrREStDENT' O THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
JONATHAN SWIFT having pi'oducedK to me
his Commission as Consul of his Majesty the
King of the Netherlanids for the Port of Alexan-
dria, and places thereto balongmin., I heretbytre-
cognize him as such, and declare hima free to ex-
ercise and enjoy such functions, powers, and pri-
vileges, as are allowed to Consuls of the most fit-
vored nations in the U nitec ''" ., .
In testimnocry whereof, I have caused these let-
te:rs to be made patent, and th'e Sea'oof the Unit-
ed States to be hereunto affixed
Given under my ha,-nd, i't the City of
Washington, the seventh day .of No-
veihber, A. D. 1819, aiid of 'the in-
dependence of the Uii,.t'd States ( J
America the forty-fourth .
.-',L.. MONROE.


By the President: .
JOHN Q. ADAMS, C.-0i-irv of State.

.[We copy, with much pleasure, firsa sthe Franklin I. -
zette, the following Notice of the- splendid Print rece.,tly
lubHistihcd in Philadelphia. More is v;t said oi0the I r nr
Ihan itl- vell deserves ; but, it is said ii a Imaner w at.: in
-eflects as nulcht credit, on the writer as'on the work. r
To understand this remark, it should be lknowxAo our a
r.aIders, as it is to us, that a bitter p-olitical ainimosity ex-
ists between Mr. Binns (as the Editor of the Demoociratic
Press) and the Editors of the paper from which the fl- c
lowing' is copied : 5
The new print of the Declaratitn of Inde-
pendence, published by J. 'iii-'. reflects great
credit on the various artists who executed the
work. We bave seen.nothing of the kind stupe
rior to the engraved portraits whichrrdotnwt. The
writings and the armins of the different states are .
elegantand i-ie'Ih ll.'.:' ,. ,-L. The whole ofthe
signatures, withoi,, ':r,.c-.i'ri.. .:.i1 t Live been
originally well w irit...r, .t I '.in: l e -'Iililes ate.
handsomely executed. The publisher' has exhi-.
bited, in this '.f,l: 1 i i u, L 1" t1 .1, e'It. r- .t i iow l-]
pe;*,-ver nci .'nil I..- lfity ,i r h ... d the pledg- d
cs given in his proposal in relation to it. Upon
the whole, as a specimten. -f'the p'ogr'ess itte
perfection of' An eric. "i art ; a a s'tatealwr ini-
mitaibvl penned, and destined to 'a i-or i-npr-
tality i and as an ortiamient not eIss be A;l to
contemplate, than instructive to re-Ad ld .stu iv,
Wve i c(:0omii)ts,!d every Ali-teicai 'fTanili, who ti11
spare the Sitec,;ts, to procure a copqy of thi:; t't iv
splcilndid plirst of the dliatirf'on of liinepeid-
eusee.-Fitaukd. G

;] 5I' 'i(i, {owr,. cOV. 13
Renwmirc ltble Di7rcv'i'rrli,-- e ii inha;e'nitl d a Si ing'iar sto-
ly wlit; nIt 51 th aO. ; ioi'O i sci ertil J 'trScrir t icta siourct!s,
LreSpecti;^' ; ie disl,-ove ai'i' Ihu n Ii skiL['toi 1 in a. rc-
1not05 ilal-, o' Litclifieldi, whirti3 is t i .... i l ,11;. Itadbi
1t) d (i.. 'i. lt au s -irdeS r, u s w it ; ., i. lm su p-
,oosedi to have ieeli CO AIhtIn i kthi k ti e bot-. b ( t a I ....
a ..' .. i eniis 01 r pTirimig i o .i t ,
In ..'i i. t 'i I by Mr. -, i nmti t lt i ,iatirgi tlh c l-r
It, the s Oi L Lnt ti or a inan) was 'ltllnd in 1,s t 'iit I a s ijs-
LuOli, unller w \\'ha rt iv, foriitrly a bed rooll "Tills Cr-
cultnisiaiie intalhia..tesiy t rtbl 'titl r colls-elStiOi a, luin'llber
ksaSipiciots lrwiidtni.1ts, i which occurred about lit(- till
ib mian bont s, weire' nIot t!i ch rc -t.a;i ml. Aniong iit se ihi-
cidents Nert' thef;'ll\!it : A ilan in this iiLig borhood
Intlerloo ) Ii lil ioul'rney, leavwn his xis \ik tas the h 1house-
kepe.t' itt llieat';i-'l-i' MI'. "----. imSevir'.'al inoltlis at-
c..rwards. thU ltitLUi' took tip a stray imorse, vaudt'ie and
bride, had them advertised, andt no ;;'vtler app'-aring
ti.':y w\vre sold aiccoruinig to law. Not loibg after this e-
SItM tile 'ioln ,irwas sid to iih;i received a letter, all-
..oiiuncing the deal-h of iier tusb'and ; andt sor titnme Sif-
terw.I ds she mnarrie Ithe said _. 'The union was
not a very hapt)y one, and at times, when ill treated, the
wife l a.- heard to threaten to expose her husband. Now,
there v:.s nothing ver" singular ini all these occurrences
excepting the saddle and bridle found upon the stray
horse ; aid had it not been for the bones, they probably
would never ha',l e been thought of again. Weundct'r-
stainl the grand jury have lhad the subject under consi-
de,ation, and have sent for thie aforesaid and wife,
who several years since removed to where they
now reside.

Great Hunting.-A party of ten young gen-
tlemen of Boscavwen, N. 1-1 on the Ist inst. made
a hunting party in the nceighborboring woods, and
returned at twilight, with sixteen lhuidred and
sixty five grey and red squirrels, heath-cocks,
hawks, owls, ducks, partricges, crows, rabbits,
muskrats, minks, hedge-hogs, foxes, and otters.
"This. (adds the official account) vastly exceeds
all former hunting in Boscawen, and we believe
it would place even the sharp-shooters of the west
in a quandary."

MARRI ED,
On Tuesday evening last, by the Rev. Mr. Matthews,
Mr. OWEtS-- l1cGdLUEi to Miss MtA AsN EIzA Sz NOWLANID,
all 'i,tis city.

DiED,
At .. I ~i .'. on Saturday morning last, after a short
andt i.. I r ,. t ..I Mrs. ANN" LOUISA CLAET-1T'l'", wifte Of
Mr. 1)arius Clag-gett, of ..... i .I..., and daughter of
Jonah Thomison, Esq of Alexatdria.

NEW MILLINERY.
A NN SAWYERI rcespeci.hdly informs her customers,
and the ladies ol' Wslashington, Georgetown, and
their vicinities, that she has just received her winter
fashions of Millinery, from New York. And, likewise,
tlhat she has employed a young lady as a Mantua-maker,
wlin ias just arrived from Eng!and, with the latest Lou-
donll fihiu.is.
A. S. thankful for past favors, solicits a conttinuance of
public pa'ronage.
nov 25--'


The Ladies Pocket dlmanac, for 1820,
(10NTAN IN G ried pages for memorandums, select.
S(.d poetry, do. prose, ... ', .. ,election of enigmas,
marketing tables, &c '. ir ,.it.'.l with two beautiftlu
engravings. With a variety of other useful information
lor young ladies and h .istkeepers--neatly bound in
moi occo, gilt edges
Also, tihe Gentlemnan's Pocket Almana. tfor the year
18'0. Received and for sale at the bookstore of
Georgetown, nov 25- IEI.TAI 'wi MS.
OYSTER HOUSE.
"'tilln subscriber respect'ully inobrms his friends and
i. thie public at large, titat Ie ltia list received a sup-
ply of t.h bes, sAL Ovsters thalti have been in the cit)
'iis season., ie will tank gentlemen for their custom,
ind assures them they shall be served up in the best
manner, anId at very moderate charges. a constant sup-
pli wilt be kept from sun-rise tll 12 o'clocle at night.
His name is over the do. r. L S't'T',IIENS.
opposite tile Centre market, Penn. avenue.
nov 25-3t


.i- ,, 38 Dollars. ,
i. ..... 19 .. .
IIJ,0G0 7r 9 / .. 50 Ceent.
I5,o00 ./' 4 Dollaris 75 Cents.
y. the above s.ali iitii v,,i1 be she n.I that a handsome
fbrtuike may be made by cxpei,dmga ,a I 'u.
I. f a- : .l .. 1. .- .ik.:l i n. m tIe
GRAND N.' I iN.!, LO rTERY,
sacorD CLASS.
The fit.h day'y ldr i,-g will be on T'inh'day next. -
T'he prizes are iali t t i 1.: I ,..... sple did

1 prize 'of- 40,000o
2 of "50,000 't
2 of '5,000
-.84 of 1. 00oo
15 of .W0
48 of 100'
Besides a. beat nuinl.- coach.
S'. T t Ki t l I iI -,
Waolte I, O QuIarsers "'O9"50"
Halves '1G ou 1l.i 4 f7s .,
In the r o. v.. :'..' ,- I inIi it 'S for sale at -
S(. ) ,l.ViS's
J' t',', f Flt ,i',,, :. Ii ',in t f ""., .
I Ill : -. 11 r II I
V here all the i.Zg,' ,.r. ,, l ,1 i I l at i..'-". '- '

T h u se '-.h in l .1 i k r: i '- l : ir -I, >1.-, 1 .1 1
: to theil -,.1 1.,i i kr in..,., .. ,.'[ h""', .v .
l .e i i i .. I l e *

;cke.s. .
Sii.. IT, i il ,:i '-li.n.ii, l,.-., 1. post ptid) puit.nc-..


',- C'a "i ,i f ., A A-. -I ,, 1 s' y m *r '. .




ioc sail-e-',hi c ih r n' r -i i ,'i. r0.' il'" a r al.b i-
ris f h tl, t t~,', I r t I ,y, a-bou .

aelVy a,: I' th 1. ae B .1it- 1, c Ksqi .:-eCs.1 ; l a nd t
n, ist of one r., 1 i











e'l'hli, slaves. will .i t I I his tceas bor
w rk ii i r i.,, i .il ,.i vsa aflu b '- .
s buae seiva .t.i, c- i i.iil .
L'lewise, a rac .of" ay.. :- "
T'.rm ,r ,,.. i- i :'','', ,r ; p rchasers ivi( s
bond wi'l l I'i r lt b iTI I i ti
i;y ot sale. i i ri ', s
AFTER WHICr .r '. "
And at th mem time ;,,t plice,.hvi be-leased, to t'.i


u r n M ?, R, at-.et. ,t .a

rihe salvesp wil riot ae n.t E ii- s l i, or i
r. st' l e o'f ai'ylana ."
nov 25 _- ,s '0 <' : .' .


s1- 1 ndersigned, beirut appbin .ed a com itte .b i

nymy, to coriespond with, and rece:,, r .. ... r *tr.
rt. iiiedi wbrkl.t imp eie a lridg'c bver the Cuimberi.ed i,,, opposite
Nashvi!le :' .d t
'lis ts, tl.rerflore, to give notice to all 1 ,As w ho
miay be wiHliti to ncgag,' in 'this nd'lert1k.ng, ti1 the1
ituniloton hundred ind- tpe i thouusItod d.nfllis. si .ubntri-
but 1vlive Coidmimny r the above i" p,...... anil the be,'-
qnttl't;ed workni:m,'wh -may be A I'. ,. .. undertake i'
lie loe et '' ice, ;aiitI wl o w-i!l l ,' *i, most sma ittfaciory
rr*coimnie talotrs as 'ti ,,, i -rui:,, ,. ,**r ,-. ;
at; i w ho ca'.,r "'. *' i i t I i- 'Si .
tlie w isli i.i i .. O .. I i -. .r I
waostanxio ist|icontrlrct. .
'i ll 1e.t-' r ln iber aiild is abo',r i, ,- .'et d(lc,
Ciivi.g a r il'e ot..ei i n, i% i ,, ,. "T he. rivet is .0, .., I' ...., i, ii
i 'e2n 1 f. i I i. >i I water, having : *' ,, i Ir t- r i .
thie iost art across, and, duringL the s ,,r : I I.- ..' ., it
somnietimes rise'. ;1 .i:4 as forty feet,' Ivhc6a will relC]qire
tie peters to hc :., i' leait fi'ay feet hilh. 'I'he couin,
I'v above Nashvilt e ill'v flur',ish ts:Ie best kind of tilbriel
t the wood work, and :u the town side tiere.is :i great.
quantitvy of stone, well calculate," t.,r- j ns;wi the piers.
;,. il I. I-' \K I -Y.
AND)tEW i1'. ',l ,
J)lti< SSHEB1.Y,
Nashville, Mav, 1819-n1i 16 .3-m oiir sio~nrs.r
SMAJ.L 'AtltMS FOR SALE U0N GR-KtLDi I'.
T s1 ibscri)r i'er is ib,. sale, a sinadi Farn, vt i hlii two
and a 'half miles of Wlashingion cit., containing 170S
,icres of land ; 65 of wiuci ae iS n woo ; and rail tiniaer,
'ith ten wicrs of meadow iand ; the ar. ble land lies level,
high, and heallhy, anid is well adapted to the use of clover
lnd plaster. 'Che wood, a four dnItllarsa corl, will pro-
lure more crsh than v ill he req itred for tile land. This
fai m is so situatedas to admire oft beng divilecd into tlrce
p.rrts--onr, to contain 110 acres, with 40 in v'oIod, and an
old mansion house 42 -eet by 18; onetof 54 acres, wituo
20 in wood andi lt in meadow ; anl one of I.' acres, with
5 in wooil Ose-tiurth (,f the pirchasi mniney will be
ieqin red i hand, and the balance in one and two years.
Also, a fartm a,.t......- my residence, five miles from
Washiington city, cowaining fhomn 150 to 2..:0 acres---
S, sit acres in meadow, and thirty in'wood ; tie arable
land is wel' adapted to the use of clover rnmd plaister, o'
hiit tile art to which it has been applied, gives the
strongest proofI. T1he improvements consist of an old
'a hioncd dwelling house, with twvo rooms on a floor, a
k'chen, and other out-louses, and two tobacco nonses,
stffhc.iently large to cure twelve hogsheads. and a good
apple orchard. WILLIAM HEBB.
Prince George's county, nov 10, -ertf
A LARGE ItOUSE FOR RENT'.
't ilAT large House, just tinshed, nearly opposite Da-
VL visit's Hotel, is for Rent; equally tieied for a private
residence for a large family, or for a B..,ar.ing lHous-e.
tlnq-'ire of Wm. M. Sawyer, a few doors east of the
butl;dlinItr.
.I v 19-
A LILLlARDI) TABLE, VWIH *l tiE' A'IPPARATUS.
S.' ILL be sold at liatis's Auct.ibin Riotm,on l Thursday
S in.xt, tlhe 25th t.S, at -i. o'clock, p. in. a Hlliardi
Table, nearly new, and in perfect gonl order, with every
necessatiy anparauns belonging thereto, on a creditrot 6
ioth-i, the purchaser giving his note with an approved
-iidorser.
nov 19- D. tATKU S, auct.
POsTPONEI) seLL.

SAL." OFt IMPROVED h AL PROPERTY FOR
TAXBS
.'BI1L be sold at pubIc sale, on the 24th day of
'4 November next, at the Council Chamberthle fol-
lowing described property, or such part thereof as may
be necessary to satisfy tIhe Corporation of thle city of
Washington, for taxes due, wi hl costs and charges, unless
previously pard to tne srrhscrtoer.
Persons assessed. Description of property. Tax due.
eolls. Cts
improvements thereotn 19 It:
James Barry's heirs the whole of square east
of 662, and the improve-
ments thereon 234 12
Robert Hendley 4843 sq. feet in square
742, and the improve-.
mnents thiereon 72 74
Peter Miller's heirs lot 3, in square 771, & the
improvements thereon 87 63
George St. Clair lot 5, in square 759,& tie
imr'ti.verienis tlhereon 14 37
Sale to commence at 10 o'clock, a m.-''erms, cash
',VM. INGLE,
oct 23-wts Collector 3d Ward.
PS7 T'he sale of the above property is post.
oned until Monday the 29th inst. at the hour aut
place above mentioned.


nov 25-2t
EASTERN POTATOES
Olt sale, at a reduced price, at Brent's wharf, by
F T"THOMAS BULF INCH.
nov 19-3t


TO RENT,
Two ,(nrybril- b-ise, ',-rooms non o flonr, fitthe
.neighb, rhood c-f the .'ie'eral Post O-rice, nrid rron-
*ii,nui to the tCentre market. For terms, which wilt be
o-.ervie to a iooin cena:it, apply to
JOHN KR4 i ,.Y,
I6v i5 eo3t adjl ini", th ar e. .

ON MONDAY NEXT, TICRTS IN THF,
NAT' .. I. LO 'FERY---seOO.Doq,.Ass, <
.... ,,' ," 'r.* .., t, ,*V, '. D ollars.
.P'resiti piice -. i 1, resmi proportion, .
.1i. id pcl'i/ i .L- itA-r' : '
orl -t-'....... )OLLe,'3?. &
2 ,00 oo i)"" ''-. *'.

84 1 .,- O..
15 500 .' :.Li.iRS.
48 .100 IOLl'i RS,
Bes.ide's a' r, r .e f smalieir '.ries.
T ick, i- .. ild lyar s' ..;e at

.Lottery .nd t:.sct1E nige Office,.
ors.ens J','a)ni iaveilie, Wa-i'; ,gton ci.y.
The nixt -.* will take placo ou 'rhlursday, .be
.i' f Dece oer ..
0Ordersn. i4,.i pr-..rr.i attended to;
nov 25 .. A

r I I d s It: ti



tr- i rr h. a. i t sVI




Pls
'D..I C 4 91 k, ,. *. '.t Pl



re "I 'I I \ I. -
't ,,,I W f 1 1.4, I I o .



's omml. e tmied to te j ai of .Wr hlt-ht." ..." .
Sl or 6' i t"in b t e Ir k i -kt I .; i ay, I '\

i, f eet m her. h g Had.o ..... a
Id l-ir tui. g ey tdi" .N.-r ,W,,. Jacket, bhick sik ve -,
bue cotton cassirnere paetalh~i., ao, stos a-i1 stock-
fgs. Says hie below gs to >yseh bail.
L ,. t ,,,.. .. t. ... Iio .. f e
o)y is riquested to 0te and pvo'ee hiu, nd aP. ti .
waY or TIe wN l be ,wa for ,i ; fi rl ot.e I .
n cers, a the law directsI L. *. i

0ov 25-'v3w for t. -e -

7 )" '- ).n l U. S, . .. '

.. '. i i l' `l Y. 2 .'. 1 4fc .
o "aP-o
't ov ii 5t .'' I C; i- .,, ,' '.89 *- -









*\iTo, 6 ;13zI,' I t r ,-[lo 1N .
e of SG. r ,. .8 ,-







e lo t S.. i '1 a t .A -. ,. n '' 0.

eX, pe ,. L' I ,1 T' ( I N' r
No. 156e i a piz '4" Ca300 At
i m-c. mlt t a., I s D:awig -Nv. 19
,. 69- 1-3.l i; r.zsa or c.';e t. -.?
S .17759 e .- -

H le ,ntt r .y drawpv, ,- ,*1 .'.n l: *.,, ,.. y
e, 9led.-wsewho r t,. :im*' i'"l
pr ize are ilvised to csl at .4' "! i


oppose- !.. I et, i rnIsytva a a:nue
A'A, i ashi o ..t cit- ,
(who sold th- "ra d cal-i' prize in- td- first c!Va:S of this
ti- t' y of' 11 i)-, ne p--ccaae a l:cket, as 1,.. re
,ow the xiheei tile .. ..L splenad p Zs, all

S prize of F30,000
I of s --lio,tt
2 of ,i000
-138 of 1,000
20 of 500
19 of 200
66 of 100
Besides many'sitlvler prizes.
Present price uf tickets 1r. dollars, and shaiaes in pro-
portion.
Gillespie will advance the cash for prizes as soon as
drawn.
.r rders, directed as above, promptly attended to, and
all lottery intrmartnion given gtis.
nov' .23 2t

NOTICE.
S OTICEI is hereby g Sven, tihat the President arn-I Di-
vls retors of the ( :ht -sterI tridge Co apal' w',ill pxs;-
tiveoy enter into a Ct i for ;'- it,. ".1 i ,idge.a e
Tiesl lay the Stt nsO an11 rylequ----.---,'--.....-who% %-!;lhto
undertake the building, to meet them at Chest-r-town v i
the above d.ay, fily prep-ared to enter into contract.
Bv order, ,EV MIm AH NitctioS, Ser.
Chester-i town, nov 5-[9] 2w
NY( TIC E.
SAS conrmim tedi t te g, '.if Frederic: ,county a.n
S the 20L ;t,,bcTr, s a fina "-','q rtng i mca who
cal-s himself Frtebor', (Garrettson, 5 feet 8 inchl i high,
about. 9 y ars of age, blind of le left eye; h s clottiing
a b!ue and white sut'ped cotton calmi0ere oundabout,
coarse t:ne'' overalls, yeov, an I white figured xi'-ns!coat,
o,:e colton shirt, one pair of fine shoes, aod a wool hat, all
much worn. He says he wasfreeborn, 'ad was rboilld to
the li-v. John Allen, of Bah inore, lestidlg tit t .e cor-
nesr of Iaeover an Markt-er streets. If the aftresail ,e-
Pros ant be ft'ec, It shell be glad to be put in pr-ssession
of proof ot the Iai-t ; if a siave, the owner a ill come fis'-
wardU, p we hi o payy charges, asd release him from jail,
.otherwise he will be released areeabty to law.

Sheri F of 1,rede ick cgusty, MU.
nov 3--w2w

TRUtSTEIiE SALE.
tsNDFIts ad eeeet ot tile :. Coit'nt oChanci'r, onn
'TuIesiday the 30thIday ot Nanember insit at 11t
oi'cltock in the forenoon, o wsill sell at public vendute, on
the premises t, part of the aret estte It John (Crd, d'e-
censedt, Iyip, in Annie Arutnde couIly. It consul ts of
part ef a tract of land called Hamm[t t's D:scovery '
suptoAsed to be 300 scres Th'e inmprosemernts on sai
lad are a two story :sone dwelling touse, v ith other"
convenient out.boiles, and a good well of water in the
yard. T'he ITi -ore anid credeoick tsi,'.pike r- ,ia itus-

more; aod the d-4eling house W(Std an 'i i 40 yards 1rf
said rosd-thiere is a good propo-rtion of woiod standing,
sad the cleared land lays weil in'o flo-i.ing.. :'ore ami-
nute etei'tption i d.eei d t innec siessy, an those visi
intg tw lrorc.a ys ill views tse reboisrn, which will he'
shewi thenm by Enoch ;Randaitsiving Iear the preamiseS-
er bhi- e suscmriber.
o'rl' aboe propcrt ty will be sandon a credit of three
years from xte day of sale, the interest to bie paid anu-l
-ally, the pirchaser or purehased s giving bond and ap-
Tciroved security Upon the iment otf Ce hole put,'-
'chase nokny, sad enot hi fore, a title xilli b e made.
~ov' 8 -xvic- 'o' IO'.osS al -Io, w iristee.


NOTICE.
S OTIC''-i is hereby given, 'hat ta final accoe( t will he
l N passed on the estate of col. ,Jiotia-' IH tleaes, da-
ceased, with the Orphans' Court of Prince George's
county, on the second Tuesday of the ensuing moih,
and, if there be uny claims unpaid, tlwy musl be exlii it-
ed on or before that day, in a slate to be- aIdo, or tiey
will be excluded. JOHN UEAD MAGIIRDIIER,
nov 16-w5w admr.d.b,,ti


- ---------














STATISTICAL.-COTTON, RICE, TOBACCO, SUL-
GAR, WINE. -

FORI 1T. NATIONAL INTLILLWEBNCSTl.
The N 'tirn i Ii,:ellh,-ri.: i ifrfrin-, us that in
*New York 133 bushels of Indian corn hage been
gthered this.year from on. acre ; and 714 bush-
els of potatoes from one acre. This has led to
the following statistical facts:
COTTON.
In 1817. the export of cotton from the United
Stares was (85,649,328 lbs.) nrore than eighty
fAe million. One acre yields,,at a moderate es-
timat, 250 lbs. of clean cotton. This whole ex-
port, therefore, is the product of only 535 square
miles : this is less th n the 108th part of Georgia,
and less than the 520th part of the cotton regions
of the United States. *
RICE.
The maxiimum export of rice was 7*29 tier-
ces, (irk 1790,)or (43 997,400 Ilbs.) nearly forty-
four million pounds This, on anaverag crop,
is the produce of only sixty \five "quar miles,
which is less than the 440th part or South Caroli-
na, and less'than twa-thirds of the District ofCo-
lumbia. '
: TOBACCO.
The ia.cinSil, export of tobacco was 12,428
.o'g *hcads, in 1791. A 't.~.l':,d is about onel
thousand weight ; and, on average, one acre i-lil
yield one hogshead. *The export, therefore, wasjl
the product of about 176 squae miles, which is
less than the S36S part of Vi' jna. Bach of the
97 counties of that sate contains, on an average,
more than 659 square .miles, viz: more than
three times the qugatity of land which furnished
the above export.
SUGAR.
lSuch~s, g ,r..r% ly.,iqe k fvl" 1ii1.\3 ifthe equinoxial
regions of America,tihat all the sugar consumed
in France, estimated at twenty million kilogram-
ines, about fifty-four million pounds,) may bfe
produced on an extent of, seven square leagues,
hvhicl is not equal to ',,,tbl'rtip !ha prt(tof the,
Ssmalcest d.: [: tni-r of Foance .
S. INE. ,
About 1,, ,. i"' arpens, or" .,350,400 acres,
,, i 1 ,r _: 1. 1 .. l,.l i'i, i, the vine.
,,, ,*, .... .. I' i s about 100,-
S: *. !.., ;, ;. a gallon. In
~~., I,,. : alone 'o-port'Id m re than fifteen
., ,~'"' of wine(. .,. 1,600,000 arpe'ns
al less thaI fOne 80th part of F-ance, and less than
' one t o20!pairt:of Pennsylvania. *
SCfIe ,vahte oft tle annui produce of the i ve
- I. .. Li;I, A '. .I ;, : ...e )e thus estlnated :
Cotton at 5 cents, 12,847,399
Rice. .S- atcrce, 1,466,580
'~bacco, 6O0 a hogshead, 6,745,680
N Wine. SO cents a '- 100,800,000
Cougar consume'.l i l rance, at 10 *
C*sap p nd,

gf,259,&59
o'r tioe product of these articles the fillowirt"
quantitig' of lAn&d c cultivated, viz :
a *Square miles.,
'lik 176.'555
.,-' -65
tobacco 176


sugar
wine


63
2110


2949
This is a little less than 3-4ths of the state of
Connecticut.
The authority for cotton, rice, and tobacco, is
Scybert's Statistical Annals, and the personal in-
forniation of gentlemen of experience in the cul-
ture ofthose articles.
For sugar i have the authority of ruinboldt's
Essil Politique.
For wine i depend on Chaptal: his Treatise,
theoretical and practical, on the culture of the
ine, and the art of making wine, brandy, spirits
of wine. and vinegars, simple and compound,"
is a truly classic work, in which he had the aid of
Rozier, Parmentier, and Dussieux. It contains
all that the chemist, or botanist, or vine cultiva-
tor', or enlightened statesman can reasonably ask
or wish to know. It is in two octavo volumes of
abcxit 500 pages each, with 21 plates.
This admirable -treatise. should be translated,
for these of our fellow citizens who occupy our
wine-yielding regions. For, in a few years the
United States will produce wine for their domes-
tic consumption and exportation..
A revolution of our planet on its axis would
present to the eye of an observer, at the distance
of a few thousand miles, a few spots or specks
(China or Holland) fully cultivated. The rest
would be as a desert. Pauperism in England,
now so extensive, and so dangerous, is fulfilling
the prophecies of Goldsmith's Deserted Village,
Political economy, (says Jean Baptiste 'Say,)
is founded on statistical knowledge, or what'ss
the same thitig) history;" and that the Am er-
ican confederacy will have the glory of proving
' tiht the i.. .i.. t policy is in accordance with mo-
Sderation and humanity."
The most active mind has not yet conceived an
adequate idea of the vast resources of the United
States
!',itshingtoir city.

Indian OMonument.-On the 27th ult. the
Northern Missionary Society erected a monu-
ruent, near Hamilton College, in N. York, to per-
petuate the memory of Schenando, an Indian
Chief of the Oneida Tribe. Thecercniony was
attended by a committee from the Society, a de-
putation from the Oneida nation, the members of
the college, relatives of the deceased, ,&c. The
subject of this distinguished honor died in March,
1816, aged 100 years. He is described as hav-
ing taken a part in the war which secured the Ca..
nadas to the crown of Great Britain, and at the
resolution, as an active partizan on the side of
the colonies-,-as a wise, brave, eloquent, and
christian chief of his nation. It is -believed that
this is the first time, since white men set their
feet on Indian patrimony, that they lhave summon-
ed the formerdlords of the soil to witness such an.
extraordinary 'c:ummenmoration.-[Pol. Index.

.. BUTTER & LARD.
THE subscribers have just received, and offer for
sale, ,
5000 lbs fresh Butter, in firkins
4000 do clean white Lard
BUTTS & CAWOOD.
Alexandria, nov 20-[221-3t


i roi THiL .A.TrQoNAL [Ns.TELLIG-LE'cdii

Tlhe things that are now before us, require attention
.and deserve it.-Rasselas..
There are considerations connected with the
introduction of iaver'y, into the states which
may hereafter become members of this confede-
racy, S's t i :- >. Oi '-I important in their charac-
ter), that it might reasonably be supposed they
would on due reflection, bc absolutely conclu-
sive the mind of every enlightened, conscien-
tious citizen. : It is therefore .extremely: desirable
that they shouldoreceive the solemn attention to
which they are fairly entitled, and that, during the
ardor of eontirxversy, and the c'-,il ct of opinion,
which may be expected, they shliotld never be lost
sight of or forgotten. The question involved in
this subjects not one of every day,occurrence ;
but one in which, not only those of the present
age, but future geneiations, have a most import.
ant stake. 'When approalcing it, personal feel-
ing, petty personal interests, and sectional preju-
dices, should sleep the sleep of death. A crisis
is rapidly :'.proarhir. :., which Will put in requisi-
tion the exercise of every duty to whicl genu-
ine and di'inrici~sitrd .itrin, -n, is allied. A cri-
sis, which \ill dLiu-_nline the fact whether our
professed attachment to liberty and our country
be any thing more than an empty sound.
)ur patriotic fellow-citizens Mr. Walsh, in his
ctloquiitir.t i l al ,-.i %' ili r- .- ir.'bchalf of
hii, co1i tri y, I I l rw',41 r' th: .l..'.r.i,. o of Great
B it in an iini ,.' .',. i-..,i .' i .-r. o ni :, for her
agency in d1r ,1-ii 0.r in: ll 0.inilot .'ui ancestors
the curse r, -.1 i<,.o \\VI .t : ..,lulh. source of
misery, of vice, and of i. -i .::., has it bLen to us ;
anrd, lNat bitter reproaches are justly laid at her
door Torthe detestable crime. Seduced by the
love of gain, and trampling underfoot every
principle CfjititI', and1 every feeling-of humani-
*y, she marched shamelessly forward, with the
spirit of* fiend, to the attainment.of licr abomi-
nable purpose. The lives of the innocent and
unprotected were sacrifmed without compunc-
tion, and their expiring groans awakened no other
.regret than that excited by pecuniary loss. There
was, however, a time, when the abomination w as
utknon ; when the soil of C(Tumbia was a stran-
ger to #this exotic plant of death : and t., I -l'ly
and delightful e n,.,i>.n '.'.rull have continued,
had those in whose hands were placed the -desti-
nies of this nation faithfully perfdioted their in-
cnmbent.duties, i rhIl ni rl~_-' an.d to their poste-
rity.. But, lamentable to relate, the fact was di-
rectly the reverse~thi; and we should deserve
the commiseration, if not the contemptpf the ci-
vilized world, ifthe lesson of experience afforded
by it should be lost upon us. Congress will soon
be invested with the power of deciding the desuny
o*f" unbori ngllions A vast tract of territory,
and all its* future inhabitants, will be visited byF
this calamity, and alllits attendant evils, or enjoy ,
the healthitll and'inestimable blessings of free-
dom, as thy nmay in their wisdom determine,
May t'lulUestion be so decided that no fear netd
be entetainedfor t1he closest and most sev:pe
scrutiny) of their conduct. May they fortunately
escape the disgrace wNhich has justly attached to
the iotinemicountry Ithe course she pursued
unc'qt circumstances on-ewhat sgnilag;
Should the vTce of justice, of patriotism, of
humanity, and of religion in reference .to this
-I l'jet i.Be comiteTnptuously disregarded, what
fearful apprehensions may not 'justly be enter-
t.rici, antidt .:. what an abyss o destruction we
shall rapidly hasten. If the odious privilege
which is solicited should be granted to Missouri;
we may anticipate alike result as it respects all
her younger sisters; and Slavery will soon obtain
an overwhelming preponderance in these United
Stexcs. Should this gloomy prospect be realized,
would it be extravagant or irrational to suppose,
from the spirit already exhibited, and the princi-
ples already publicly avowed, in certain quarters,
that the-greatest of all abominations, the Slave
Trade, would, at a period not very remote, be a-
train restored and re-establisht d in the land. This
is not among possible events, merely, but, on the
contrary, altogether probable. Would it not,
therefore, be moral insanity, of the most lamenta-
ble character, to slumber on the brink of such a
precipice ? .
Every Member of Congress should, therefore,
be profoundly impressed,with a due sense of the
unparalleled responsibility which,,on such an oc-
casion, attaches to his station. He should de.
voutly, and earnestly, and humbly, pray for wis-
dom from above, to. enlighten his mind, strength-
en and fortify his virtuous principles, and furnish
him with a proper elevation of sentiment. He
should mentally utter, with sincerity and with
truth, a petition similar to that of the immortal
Milton :
What in me is dark
illuminte ; what is low, raise :aid support.
Those rnenmbers, whose constituents are pro.
videntially and constitutionally exempted trom
ihe evil, can furnish io good reason for refusing
to act with perfect unanimity. They should thei e-
fore present a firm, temperate, but undaunted
phalanx, determined to use any exertion, or make
any sacrifice, called for by their country. .It.is al-
so confidently expected that many, from other
sections of the Uniots, will be found, possessing
sufficient honesty and independence, to unite
heart and hand in shielding from destruction the
fair fabric of our Ibl I tI:, and in transmittunig to
the remotest posterity the blessintigs of freedom
Thie subject, to.use'the emphatic language of
Mr..Walsh,' calls for the unanimous agency' of
all good citizens. Let all, therefore, solemunly de-
termine to act on it conscientiously, and, as far
as thle frailty of human nature will'admit, entirte-
lv divested of unworthy motives, .and sinister pr-
judices. Fellow-citizens 1. < awake from your
false security '!
lBENJ.IAMIN RUS1.
Philadelphia, Nov. 12.


BALTIMORE, NOV. 22.
Major General Scott has been ordered to re-
lieve Col. Mitchell in command of this Military
Department, the Ist, 3d, and 4th Departments
being incorporated to give him a command suita-
bleto his rank it the army. We understand
Col, Mitchell's command will be on our North-
ern frontier. '
John F. Ferguson, an Englishman, who took
the lead 'in cutting the Patriot privateer Irresisti-.
ble out of the harbor of Mllargat lita running a-,
way with her, and afterwards committing certain;
acts of piracy, as alleged, was this morning .ar-
raigned before the Circu'- Couri, L, take his
trial. .. ., i
We observe that Mr. Wirt, the Attorney Gen-
eral, attends the Court.-Patrot.


tOR THE NATIONAL ISzTELU-TGEsr t. 40,000 DOLLs1RS.

To the .ssociators for promoting nationala l In- In the GRAND NATIONAL LOTTERY,
Sdustry. 'Which -ommen,'.-d draw g in -this cit., in October last
I have read with much satisfaction your pow- -there remains yet to be drawn the-following
full reasoning, and the numerous valuable facts S Splenedid-Prizes:
1.,ll,-ed in corroboration of it, but must acknow- prize of 40,000
ledge my surprise at not finding any allusion to of 10,00
the want of money. 2 of .00
In Great Britain, i,.:" Bank of England has 27 84- of 51,00
millions sterling, in notes, circulating, and the 15 of 500
th,,us.rnd country banks as much snore. Here, 48 of 100
thou Bank of the United States much not more. Heran Besides a great number of 40 dollars. All floAing.
the Bank of the United States hasn't more than Those % u o.sh to ilventure in this grand i.ttery, for
five millions of dollars in circulation, and the sol- whole tickets or shares, cmn b. 'supplied at either of
vent banks have Pno more than fifteen or twenty. 1). GI LLESPIE's
Suppose high duties and prohibitions granted by United States Lottery Offices,
Congress, and that 250,000 men, women and chil- opposite Davis' hotel, Penisylvania avenue,
dreri, could be employed in manufactures. If Washington c ty.
you -calculate their wages to average one dollar No. 137, Broadway, New York; No. 11, south Third
per diem, and give 300 working days in the year, street, Philadelphia; andNo. 182, Market street,
pe a Baltimore. -
the total will amount to 75,000,000. Where can Where the cash will be advanced for prizes as soon as
money be raised ? Is not the stoppage of many drawn.
manufactures attributable to bank curtailments, & The loiter:, draws ag n on Thur-day the 2d December,
to the inability to collect debts-for goods sold ? over the C..urrIl Chiber, c, this, cty.
I presume not to say what augmentation of duties Presen, price of' itck- kt 38 1".lars, will soon advaf.ee
I presume not to say what augmentation of du to 40 dollars- -shares in proportion.
ought to be allowed, .but I am convinced -that a The following splendid priz.-s have been sold by Gil-
plenty of money, and low interest, are also re- lespie to thisgi i,,d intiur), four. days drawing com-
quisite for your prosperity. The interest of mo pletedviz. o 9i, 1676,'1905, 8877, 233, 46, .'.
ney is now 20 per cent. and few will risk their 4951, 103, 587, 9764 939, 505, 6440, and .6.8. eac
mny amn ewhe usury is so sure 1000 dollars;' No' ,5'- adA-5855, each 5,,..i lar,:
money in a manufacture whe usury is so sure Nos. 3912, 8730, P14 42. 4u9'1. e,,.' i, .,. 'olllr- besides a
and profitable. If you tOuild bont 1.) at 5 per ct. great number of 100 and 40 dollar prizes.
for a long period, you might be content with mo- Thisi.iTte3 bi-jr .iauth c.Ze.'. b, iC'o'gr;Ie:s, ollt-rs rreat
derate profits. I rejoiced,as a farmer, when the '.N.I:i.er. 'r, toa.ler.turrer, a tbe lck<,;c.in be sold in
banks suspended 't, i pankimnts during the "iI, it. dof e ab^e
forI i t iuf ti" S would p i I"kr t t r.0.1 i.,ru x,d I "itlrter ow -of the above
war, forI fite. in. ulaufactr..s would sprig rce tri.,d plumnpt attention, and
ap, -by the aid of banks,, to consume my cotton all rnttert i;rn.lmiiT n i .:O i n giati%.
ad ,'ool; miy, I even rejoiced at your high prices, iv 24-r-.
as I anticipated reduction, by competition.- r
When specie payments were ordered to be re- Plan of Baliimiurc, and .Mip of .Aaryland.
sumed, tile ruin of many of you was evident, and I. i. ti on single sheet, a
F Map of the state r .r A ,Td, divided into coun-
the distssal of men, women and children, was ties, on which are laid ,do r. Al lie principui turnpike
unavoidable. and other roads, with their distances thiroughbut the,
Our populationhas increased one million since state iand, on the same sheet, plan of the city cf Bal
the war, and our circulating medium has dimi- timore, ricord:nrig ,o the latest improvement; the whole'
nishAl ten millions. Our 6 per cent. stocks have forming .r.el- ie most complete citizen's, stranger's
b Ourma aud-traveller's Guides, for the town and state, ever pub-
been sent abibad; Our merchants are in debt listed, and will be found highly useful to every one that
for importations, and useful emigrants are return- wishes to obtain accurate information on the subject.
ing to Europe. I submit this subject to your Price, plain S1 25; d. c.a...re. i 1 50.
consideration, and entreat of you not to rely solely Received and for sale atthe b..-k.-.ie _.f
o, I,i.,l, duties. Fewer foreign goods will be im- eowno LLIJ '\ LS.
ported next year, as we have annually less to pay nov 24
for them in specie and stocks, to make up the TO LET,
balance ,f itrad a,...inst us. .A sine qua non for A ND p.ose-.-.or, ,.i on r.ie uri rst of'January next, two
Inanufacturers is t.. a lultcncy uflniicV tO n111.oy r A two-storyul.tick hot ses now n.jr-.'4I n, aI io. ,..' i ,,i
workmen, and~o ,receive payment for manufac- repair, situatedin.the First Ward ner r -i. S-.,.'- ho,,.-.
workmen, ando receive ayent or manuWM. LEE, 7 Buildings.
tures .. nov 24-7t. -


* *. Il M II'-l'.'

The following letoe'r from an old acquaintance
oftlihe editor, complains of an evil which it has
4beengt-e fattiof this country to be sorely vexed
With. *Butif there be a possibility of guarding
against it,gurely now is the accepted time, when
we iave more seamen of our own than we have
navigation to give employment to.
.0 [.iVorfolk Herald.
"HAVANA, NOV. 1," 1819.
"11 BRoUe-sHTON :
Dear Sir-A maf who has had the toothe-ache ve-
ry often, can give some. advice about the cure of it. I
have again sailed from Norfolk, with, as usual, a crew eof
L "i I.-. ~i5 ;tit .0Alhi L. '.I, ll,.I:.t lic.'in-. They have been
ii P'-i t' ,A '-..,rd,-r .,iil au ,.r of IiIut;ii'. I may say, all
tIHc ,*..,g-,, Lbut I'.. r ili.mic nL.du I.ha been past bcar.
i,,-. I j1:,d to .1 p two of it.., ii ii but as there is no
.in,. rin a C',,irl here, I ,taill hi".' t.u take thra out too
sea, let the consequences be what they may. Perhat-
they may have charge of the vessel, or perhaps *I may
keep command by shooting two, or three of them. Now,
this is a grievance that might-be remedied in a great
measure. It is a fact that cannot be doubted, thatinine-
teen-twentiethsof these mutinous fellows are furious En-
glishmen and Scotchmen when sober, and Irishmen when
drunk. Can wvenot find seamen of our own ? Yes, and
if we do not give protections to foreigners, we shall'have
enough of our own, that will not disgrace the name of a
sailor, or the American flag.
"AN AMERICAN SAILOR."

EASTON, MD. NOV. 16.
On Friday nig't last, 5th inst. Captains Tingle and'
Porter, with two men, had for two or three .nights pre,
viously been engaged i* throwing'a new vessel over the-
shoals, in Worcester county,, Md. to pass to sea they'
were much fatigued, and had retired to the cabin to take
tired nature's sweet restorer, balmy sleep."- Their
eyes were scarcely sealed in repose, when it is supposed
a spark from the cambouse caught the lumber on deck,
(the vessel being laden with shingles and staves,)' and in
a moment thle whole was involved in flames. So sudden
must have been the 1. -tri'n: '..: bi., 1. it Efe must have
been extinguished i-i :,II .rlt, *.I if I''fni an' electric
shock. The bodies were fund as if reposing in their
births, very little mutilated. They were both ardent,
enterprising, and industrious men. The former has left
a numerous family to lament their loss.-[Star.

WINE, SUGAR, COFFEE, &c.
T HE subscribers have received, .per brig Olympia,
from Gibra!tar, brig Factor from Boston, and school.
ier Independence from Philadelphia; viz.
20 qr. casks Malaga wine
20 frails soft shelled Almonds
40 boxes long cork claret '.
15 hlhs prime Barbadoes sugar
25 do second quality do
40 barrels do do
82 bags green coffee
25 do old Java do
5 hhds old Antigua rtum
And in Store,
A general assortment ,of the best Grocelies, at whole.
sale and retail, to punctual customers'.
ROBERT KILHY & CO.
Georgetown, nov 24-6t

PUBLIC SALE.
BY order of the Orphais' court of Washington county,
I)D. C. the subscriber will offer at public sale, on
Thursiav the 8th of December next, at 11 o'clock a m.
all tle personal estate of John I). Hill, deceased, late of
.Washington city-ntar R. C. Weightman's buiildings-
a large quantity of'frishionable cabinet furniture,consisting
of every des(cripiioi of household furniture. Also, his
shop, with an unexpired lease of two years and upwardsi;
a large quantity of cabinet tools. All which will be sold
on a credit-of four months-on all sums above 20 dollars,
on notes with two endorsers; all under 20-dollars, cash.
nov 24 eold G II. V. HILL, admr.
INFORMATION WANTED.
F JoaN ASHMAN, Printer, who left New York about
twelve months ago, is still alive, and will inform the
subscribe; of his place of residence, he will hear of some.
thing very much to his qdvantlge Any person who may
have any knowledge ,f i A .\] .im i, will confer a favor
on the subscriber by communicating it to hitm.
THOMAS BRIDGES,
nov 24- 33, Oak street, New York.


ALLENS' PRIZE LIST.
First Day's *Drawing of the
N. Y. LITERATURE LOTTERY, No. 2.
No.*15584 a prize of S10,00O
Second Day's Drawing
No. 6955 and 13515 prizes uf n 1.000
17'59 200
6077 and 11541' 100
The third day's drawing nothing came p over $12. h
*" Sold in two halt' tickets at Aliens', one half of which
has been presented and paid.
The following prizes are yet floating in the wheel.
1 prize of 30,000 t
1 of 10,000
2 of 5,000
38 of 1,000
20 of 500
And a great number 'of 7200, 100, &c. b
As the whIeltlis greatly enriched by the two last days' t
drawings, adventurers hti' i ;. tine opptnuiT of making o
their fortunes, by taking a chance at o
A *LLENS' c
Lottery and E.r0,'ha el.-'O c,,
Pennsylvania Avenuc, ,i o D enit'lI. 1
Tickets 14 dollars, shares tpreportidi. If -
Orders by mail promptly attended to. n
nov 24- St

FURS AND PELTRIES.
W ILL be sold, at public auction, on Monday the 13th
of December next, at 11 o'clock, a. m. at the
ware houses of the Superintendent of Indian Trade, in
Georgetown. the following parcels'of Furs and Peltries;
the former received, principally, from the United States' o
factories at Fort Osage, on the Missouri, and Prairie du o
Chien, on the Upper-Mississippi:
52,200 lbs. Deer skins, principally shaved.,
3460 do. -Beavetr do, i
10,800 .Muskrat do. f
4,280 Racoon do.
738 Otter do.
250 Bear do.
150 Cub do.
260.WildCat do.
1,290 Fox do. i
64 Fisher do.
70 Mink do.
250 Rabbit do. .
A credit of three months will be given for all pur. p
chases exceeding two hundred dollars, on approved en- i
dorsed notes. '
THO. L. M'KENNEY, S. 1. T.
nov 17-1ts DAVIS, Auct.
The following papers will publish the above: Ameri-
can and Patriot, Baltimore; Franklinf Gazette, Demo- 1
cratlc Press, and Aurora, Philadelphia; Mercantile Ad-
vertiser and National Advocate, New York; Gazette
and Herald, Alexandria; Examiner, Fredericktown; Ila-
gerstown Herald; Leesburg Genius of Liberty ; Freder-
icksharg (Va.) Hera.d; and Richmond Enquirer. t


LAND FOR SALE.
vttIoIr-AN'T t.' wt- powers vested in me, by the will
S ,t n., -..'c sl bti,.-lrei J.,ir,r. t Ford, late of Charles
c.,,.vi y, I >.'i,:r tI..r 5 i- 1 .- I..Ii.ur- g tracts or parcels of
land, in the county 'f- '.f.il. being part of liis real estate,
viz. TWo parcels of contioguo is land, near Bear Town,
purchased by the deceased of Elijah Moore and Leslie
Robey, containing about 254 acre. One half of a parce
of land in the same neighborhood, whereon Thomas
Montgomery formerly lived," how occupied by- .ohni
Gates ; this'parcel contains 100 acres, more or less. Ano-
thet tract on Mattawomnan, opurclased ,tf R.chbqrd Mar-
lhw, corutauliing 115 acres; there are 25 acres of ,'ood-
I I near the tract, which will be sold with it, r. r epa-
rat(ly, as miy suit t;ie purchasers. Thtese lands have
gotl tenant houses nn them, and may be ma:u very va.
lualle. Also, one'other tract near to Port Tohbcr.o.
cornsinly cil!edi Clements,' or the 'Muster Old Fields,'
cou;aining 3.0 acres-this land is well woodltd.
'the'tnims of sale un:iy be known, ihe lands viewed,
andevery necessary information obtained by any person
waiting to purchase, on application to
W. P. FORD.
1. B.. If the above lands in the neighborhood of Bear
Tovn, are not sold at private sale, before Friday the 10th
dayof December next, they will, on that day, be sold at
pubic sale, at Bear Town. Also the land purchased of
Riclard Marlow will be sold at the same time. Also, the
abo'e tract near Port Tobacco will be sold on the 13th of
December next, ih Port Tobacco, at public sale. WV. P. F.
wv 13-w4w'


INFORMATION IS WANTED NOTICE.
d F llhyl"sTsK FtnE' HEritmwG, a native ot Norway, who tITLIP HUISSEY, Hair Dresser and Shaver, informs
t resided in New Yojk ciy in the year 1807, and at Ihis friends and the public, that he has removed
tlat tin followed the sea. By the death of his uncle front his old establishment, north of the Centre Market,
Claude Finde, he, together with others, becomes am heir to 'ennsylvania Avenue, directly opposite Mr. Travers's
,o his uncle', estate. If alive, he is hereby requested, Bae-huse; where h lie hopes, by assiduity ad attention,
tor his own interest, as well as to gratify his relatives, to to nerit the patronage of his friends and the public. Helie
inake known his residence ; and any information respect- cus hair in the newest fslshion, seo sazors, and, i hfine,
mg him will be thankfully received by. Samuel S. New- eviry thing that appertains to his profession. lie teaches,
man, of New York, or Win. Pearce & Sons, Gloucester, al%, the graceful and useful Art of Fencing, in all its
Massachusets. br
nov 24-2w3Sw brov22-3ces.
,ov 22-3I


SALE AT AUCTION,
By Geo. UL Gaither, JSuct'r.
ON Monday the 29nm inst. will be sold tit my auction
rooms Congress street,
50 Packages of choice Dry Goods;
Compris,.g a go d assortment ofdesitable articles.
Among the goods for ..,le are the following, viz:
4 bates rose blanket's
2 do point o .
3 do blue and white kersey
2 do blue plains
1 do best super blue and black French cloths
2 do double mill'd cassimeres
3 do ow priced do
1 do fine blue cloths
3 do mril'ddrab do
1 case fine black worsted hose
1 do lambs wool half hose
1 do black Canton crapes
1 do colored do do
1 do black silk handkerchiefs
1 do black sarsenet.
2 do handsor e calico
2 do carbrck muslin
2 do steam loom shirting
1 bale superfine baftas, such as will suit tailors
for iuing
1 do India cottons
1 case domestic shirting
1- do do plaids

*Will be added,
A lot of cut Goods, comprising a good assortment of
woollens, which will be sold without reserve.
There will be also added, the f Hllo irng d.:;i -i.,le c'I'.'dJ
-which will be 'sold for c'.1., for tl: mn..-' ti,', ",il1
't-r-. b, i.n,' to close a consignment:
1 case .-i.r dr.;,e .:'hi'
2 bales i.',i't1 1.-, .-,'u h:l mill'.l
2 do d.- ,,i.i'le ..
2 do lrib cdli,...
1 do :Mi >'k t,.,mb.iret's
2 do colored do
1 case cords
Sale to' commence at 9 o'clock a. m.
Terms made known af the time of sale.
GEORGE R. GATHER, auct.

I shall sell, on Monday the 29th inst. at auction,
for cash, for the most they will bring, on account of J'hn
1). Russed, who bought tiem at my sale on the )5thli ast.
and has not complied with the terms of sale, the follow-
ing goods :
? yards black cassimere
5 dozen lambs wool half hose
3 do beaver gloves
3 pie.:Ea bhIt- pains
1 do drab cloth, 27 yards
GEO. R. GATHER, auct.
Georgetown, nov24---- ,


hi.\!'ln-lOl t .hIi.H i-'OR SALL.
1. t e .*t ll '.* Je .ri '- -.... t ea ed t' f tI ...rn
county Va, we offer for s.,le th at i i ble eit,.e known
by the name of MIarlboruugh. I hi r e con arn about
630 acres, 380 of which is flat land, lynrg in'a body,
about 10. acres of v.r.luable marsh, easily reclaimed, and
the residue high land, of a v,-rv valuable character It is
situatedin the county of Stafford, aiid state of \ .r .a,
commencihg -t the mouth of Potomac creek, at its junc-
tiot with the Potomac river, and runs up said river up.
wards-of two miles, to the lands of John W. Broiaugh ;
fiom ihis point to Accokesk, one ofthe navigable b Insch.
es of Poinni,: c".:-k, 'lh- -listance is about five-eighths of
mile: tl.u l -h.'ig tie tract enhre t surrounded by
tater, :;icept on lt at mentioned' I.ne. Thsisisper-
haps the most desirable estate in the eastern section of
V:rginia; its soil is not surpassed by any for itsproduc-.
tion of the staple ar il.s of the state; abounds with
springs of excellent water, and is particularly adopted
:o the growth of red clover. Its winter and spriiln fish-
eries have produced a nett profit 1tg ,500 per annum.
Wild fowl is in great abundance, and there are on the
land inexhaustible beds of shell marl, which have been
pronounced b English furmer- to be superior .)0 ay
known in luroe.. I'ltere tab been elder li,. tdil, 1 .I
bushe rtiex h a ni, as leu va.:rsi in r)e. It ,j ,lailiuiti lurn
lhe mn.ri-'ics c' uhct'rieit : I u'ihba b n4i mnc-'a.md
rom ir"Le.:Lckutng 11 rI r, Ie ITiest.-Coaen Ue-d.
n the liil: d v ..t'J.nuar, l.-...*'. nd ,'I tei rm-,s r d c.
commi. iting A mpre T,,,ut- dc.ictipt.:n ibdvcTcod,
in~ne -..t a.:. t pre-,quniu. il,:.e tn..l t taii n to
tl r c l l9 tt i l t i e ,' ,? I ,' ) 'a ,I I i ti i vppiicu.juI,, may b Jeaade', o JohiW. or Jere. w tro-
nauglsobf GeorgetDwn, D. Cj John a &Green, Frgder-
:ksburm ; or to either-of.the subscri~, living at Wees.
?arm, ear ta, a. a JFOHN COOK e
ov J --2wtf .- l-M. CUOIE.
lIVET FiRE HOS *,.
' HII E slab.criiil rs Y.', ig ;.-circ'i t.. 'i ricIves, by pa-
L tent, un: e-xtlusiv r.gli .1 jriutc uir i. Se Hose*
by fornirig a tght a. I irtAlihble r-am :.', : instead
f sewing, of which improvement they were'te ive'nt
ors, beg leave to apprize the fire-men and citizens of the
United States, that they have established a manufactory
of that article, and are prepared to execute ordermain a
manner which they are confident will give the mosTper-
ect satisfacti. ii. Their\ uffei Itheir services to the com-
minity after .eucr I .e'ir, espeneii>: of the advantages
uf th,-ir ianve i i.n, during which period, the manufacture
of upwards of twenty thousand feet of Rivet Hose, for the
use of the city of Philadelphia alone, and the total aban-
lonient there of every ether kind, is ample testimony of
its character.
Previous to this invention, no hose could be obtained
,which could be depended upon, to'sustain the pressure
of an ordinary engine ; since when, the Rivet Hose, inde-
perident of its greatdurability,being found capable ofbear-
ng any pressure, is applied, in a new and advantageous
manner, to convey waver in a solid column from the en-
gine immediately to the fire ; a mode, the importance of
which will be readily perceived by those who are aware
that water,' thrown from a distant engine, and fal~lng
upon the fire in the form of spray, instead of extinguish-
ng, gives additional vigor to the flame.
vivetted Fire Buckets,
much approved for their neatness and peculiar durability,
ire also manufactured by the subscribers ; who make,'or
hrnish, every other article of
Fire Apparatts,
including hose carriages and engines; in the preparatiofi
if which, they are materially aided by their long and ex-
tensive pl-actial experience ais fire engineerr.
The most prompt attention will be given to all corn-
nands, per mail or otherwise. Their terms are cash, in
Philadelphia, upon completion of the order
SELLERS & PENNOCK,
sept 30--wl0w No, 2. 3, liIh street, Philadelphia.


PUBLIC SALE.
-PURSUANT to thi last wil alid testament of Thomas
iL 6. Williams, late of Prince George's county, the
subscriber will sell at public sale, on the premises, on
Wednesday the 1st day of Decem)wr next, at 12 o''clock,
onil a cr'cilit, about 1200 acres of .!i;uable "',,tomac land,
ly. nug i, Mongomniry county, 23 miles from G'-orgetown,
and two miles f om ithe Seneca :iriis,' anid a ljoi ing the
lands i f Mr T'limas Peter and M r. Schnebly, including
part of 'lie sugar lad bottouris; t!e soil is evll a .aptLed
to '.le gr.0 ing of tobacco, an.! all small grTaI ; plaisLter
acts as powerfully on these land, as on any in Mlarylanid,
and, with a smail experice, may be made to p.'oc'duce-
equal to any in Frederick or Wasihington counties. It is
cultivated in four or five divisions, having each a com-
fortable dwelling. It will be sold in small tracts, or the
whole, to suit purchasers. The purhers The purchasers to giye bonds,
with approved security. Terms made known on the day
of sale. WM. B WILLIAMS,
executor of Thomas 0. Williams, dec'd.
oct 26- wts
NOTICE.
W AS committed to my custody, on the 24th Septem-
W ber, a dark mulatto man, about. '2 years of age, 5t
feet 8 inches high; had on, when committed, an osnaburg
shirt and trousers, corduroy vest, country cloth (cuttoR
and.black yarn) over jacket, and a) old felt lhat He says
his name is Sam, and that he belongs to Th'omas A Davis,
ofCharks county. HiB owner is hereby requested to
come forward, prove property,' pay charges, and take
im away, or he will be disposed ofas the law directs.
GEO H1 LANIIAM,
Sheriffof Prince George's county.,
oct 9-w9w