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National intelligencer
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00022
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: October 23, 1819
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00022
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text











vol. XX.


PUBLISHED BY GALES & SEATON,
THaLEE TIM .S A W EFK DURING THEo sts3IONS OF CONGtlESS
ANO' TWICE A WEEK I TIM. RrtE'S.
Jit Six Dollars per ann. payable in. aialvnce.
No suhscilption received for a shorter term titan one year.
Those w Iho do not, eitheLr at the time of snbscribing, or s, 'e-
quently, give notice of their wish to lhae tie paper disee atin-
ued at the expiration of their year, will be presumed as diesi-
ring its continuance until countermanded, and it will bi, con-
tinted accordingly, at the option of the editors.
-




Part of the subjoined paragraph, we appre-
hend, is not wholly groundless. With respect to
the destination of the English fleet, we say noth-E
ing : it maybe very different from what is conjec-
tured. But we should not be surprised to find
that the British government has taken, substanti-
ally, such a ground as this : that, if the Treaty.
for the ce.sion of Florida to ,the Urined StatesN
should be ratified, it uo' ld bc lex:,. d that, eitlh-
er with or without an equivalent, the island of Cu-
ba would be put into the hands of Great Britain
Now, the King of Spain, whose capacity and spi-
rit seem rather to be underrated by most of us,
willing as he might be to part with the barren soil
of Florida, which has never yielded to Spain any
thing but trouble, cannot consent to part so readi-
ly with Cuba, the key to all his South American
possessions. Suppose he should refuse to g.ve
it, would Great Britain tike .it ? If he refuse to'
ratify the Treaty with us, and we take possession
of Florida, will Great Britain take Cuba, whether
Spain will or not ? These are questions on which
we should like to see the confidential instructions
to. Lord Henry Wellesley," at Madrid :-
Bouir.oGL AUGoST 31,
"The expedition of 12 sail of the line, now fitting out at
Plymouth, for some foreign destination, has .'. t,
various speculations as to its ostensible object. A letter'
which we.received this morning. from one of 9ur corres-
pondents in Lonon, wel acquainted- with'what passes
there, states that it is .runored. in the best circles i
this fleet is destined for the Havana ; thatthe govern-
ment declares that, whether Ferdinand ratifies the Trea-
ty for the cession of the. Floridas, or not, to the Unite d
States, the British are. determined to hold that.importanm
post provisionally, as a security t...r i.LI'% \\ :A Inldia p .s-
sessions,; tih l c a ,.,'.s' i,:: ,l..,.e has delayed the salt-
ing of the armament; that, as soon as despatches were
received 'from the British Ambassador ,at the Court..,
Madrid, Lord Henry Wellesley, the fleet would sail. De,-
patches from his Lordship were momently expected."

The following article fully cuifirmni what we
h: o c i 5,cad. sl at.i .d froun .,o.:,l .iauthu itL tl', at the.
L-.ptlitilon int... Texas was not soourgatilzed as to
allui, d itt least i prospect of success to the adven-
turers:
_Extract of a letter to a gentleman in Richmond,
dated Woodiltte,,,t U..) 24.tli' ept. 1819. .
1, some time in, the mouth of May last, in-
formted you' of my j.ainig. thePodtriot army in tie
Spanish province .j ,Ia,; but, as there was no
eartnly chance of the Patiots ever doing any
thing, for want of fu.ids, I determined to, resign
my commission."-.9 uq.

In NEw-JERSEY, the tJencral Election, which
has just taken place, has resulted in the increase
of the Republican majority in the Legislature.
We perceive- that vir. 1'usey, a ', ember of the
last Congress, is elected to the Assembly' frum
the County in which helives.

Concentric Spheres and Polar .pertures.-In
a preceding column, the reader will find a letter
from Dr. MITCHILL to Capt. SYMMES on the sub-
ject of his Theory. 'Dr. M. explains some pas-
sages of his:former Letter on the subject, winch
had been thought to' favor the new-light; on
which the Spy, from whom we copy this Letter,
remarks with some point, as well as humour,
thus:
1, The Doctor was fairly in for the Nex Theo-
ry; but, having got to the verge of the polar open-
ings, was afraid, it.seems, to venture in. He has,
however, brought back with him a considera-
ble number of discoveries in favor of its probabi-


The New-York papers state that the schooner, The Aurora has furnished us with the follow-
General Jackson sailed on the morning of the ing Translation of a grant by the King of Spain
17th for this city, with a full cargo of Cabinet to the Count Punourostro, sub.se'u-.e.ti. revoked
furniture for the House of Representatives, ma- by the King, as the reader will recollect to have


nufactured by Messrs. Thos. Constantine & Co. of
that city.

PHILADELPHIA, OVPT. 19.
The Common Council have this morning pass-
ed, and sent up to the Select Council for concur-
rencei' an ordinance i cdu,: .,. the salary of the-
Mayor of Philadelphia to S :', ': a year. It has
for some time been g 3,000. The election of the
Mayor, which must. by law,' take place this day,
is said-to be postponed until the above ordinances
shall be either enacted or rejected. This ordi-
nance repeals all ordinances which allow the
Mayor any sum or sums for clerk hire or sta-.
tionery.
We have just learned that James XM. Biark..r
is elected Mayor of the city. We have not heard'
what has been dhne -relative to- the 6irdin:'ne.
passed by the Common Council.

MoiTrrtEAL, U. C. OCT. 9.
It may be remarked, as a proof ol tile grow-
ing prosperity of our country, the great numfiber
of steam boats, and the m.iri qUent facility for
travelling they now afford us' on the River St.
Lawrence. There are at pc-:iti seven steam
vessels employed in navigating between Quebec
and Montreal, including those belonging to
vMessrs. Molson and Sons, to whose active exer-
tions we are indebted for their first appearance in
*he Canadas.' These -.-l. ire. all constructed
on the most approved principles, and several of
them 'are'fitted up in a style of neatness and com-
fort not inferior to any in America.
Among otliers we observe the steam boat Ca-
ledonia has i'-.1i .:onrmr.> r.ced i uni, m;. She has
.undergone a thorough repair, and can now vie
'with any boat in the river in point of accommo-'
dation. for passengers, or swiftness 'of sailing.
'Though against a strong head wind, we under-
stand alitc pc fi..rmnd n.r last trip from Quebec to
Montreal in the space of 35 hours, including a
stop of' two hours at William Henry, and the
,, :1 detention at Three Rivers.

iBOSTON, AUG. 16.
Yesterday, the Circuit Court of the 'United
States within and for the district of Massachu-
setts'commenced a session in this town. Present
the Honorable Judges Story and Davis.: After
prayer by the Reyv Mr. Palfrey, Judge Story
-ave I very lucid and elegant: charge to the
ti1 nl lij'y, in which, among other topics, he ex-
patiated very fully on the alarming evil of piracy.
Hie t i .1 th.,i the dutyof the Grand Jury wvasn.
perilous in making true presentments of every case
oF'piracy within their jurisdiction, without indulg.
ing any-of those weak and improper sympathies
for the revolutionary patriots, which would i.J..L.
them to shield the miscreants, who, from avarice,
were acting, under their name, a dreadful drama
of plunder, violence, and blood.
On the Slave Trade, the learned Judge most
eloquently bore testimony to the, wisdom and hu-'
imanity of our laws, but held up to lasting execra-
tion the wretches who, by subtlety and manage-
ment, evaded them for gain. If it be true, as'
we have no doubt it is, that this trade is still car-
ried on, no vengeance can be too terrible for
these traffickers in human flesh.


THE KENTUCKY 'FOSSIL.


There is a small calcareous fossil body which
is termed, by the Eu.i:-pc.,i 'naturalists, the Ken-
tucky Fossil, fiom having only been found in Ken-'
tucky, where it is said not to be uncommon.
This fossil is somewhat of a conical roundish
form, the centre of its base terminating in a small
round projection pierced in its middle, with a
little opening into the centre of the fossil; from
this projection the base extends nearly horizon-
tally to five prominent points, between each of
which exists a shallow depression. At the apex
of the cone, five small openings are placed at the
angles,-formed by the meeting of the lines, which
bound five long triangular surfaces, which, com-.
mencing at the summit of the fossil, are disposed
tapering, down the sides, and terminiiate in the
projecting points which are placed round the
base. Along the- middle of each of these sur-
faces a grooved line passes, from which upwards
of forty minute processes on each side pass to
the -lines which bound these surf'."-es at their
sides.
T'hp nliiin M' h E i h A


it,, et 11 UopiUlUIl US o 1.11 n.n o L t gil ii naturalists Las to
this fossil, is, that it belonged to some animal ap-
The Surgeon of the.rench frigate Arethusa, proximiating to the Encrinus, and that the central
TheSurgeon projection at it. -... l.,.. t..r. d so much by frie-
. while lying at New York a few days since, tranis- tion as not to show its original surface. The fos-
mitted for .publication in the Gazette the follow- sils in Europe which most resemble the Kein-
ing remarkable cures : tucky Fossil are what are called the Asterio, or
During our stay at' Annapolis, a great many Har stones, which are small, flat, stelluler or
of the crew of the French frigate Arethusa were pentagonal stones, ornamented, on both their up-
t with cholera r per' and under surfaces, with a star or flower of
attackedwith cholera mrbus, which was quickly five rays or petals formed by very minute ridges,
put a stop to by the use of rice water, very strong, placed obliquely in two curved lines, meeting;
with much sugar and a little laudanum in it, either in a pointed or in a rounded form, at their
drank plentiful iy Out of one hundred and forty' outer extremities, and approaching to and some-
s5ck, only one died." times meeting each' other nearly in the centre of
the body, where the marks of a minute circular
opening mnay be seen.
Transylvaia. University.-T is. Uni,'ersityi' The family of Shuckboroughs in England are
located at Lexington, Ky. is in successful opera- said to borrow their ar.ms fom this fossil. Dug-
tion under President Holley. The following list e, in is Heraldry, observes, tie So, k-
of the Professors has been just published : borough family do bear for their arms, able,
Samuel Brown, M., D. Theory.and Practice Cheveron betwixt three M1ullets argent; relating
of Physicarles de, M. D. Institutes of Mdi- to those little stones called Astroites, which are
Charles Caldwell, M. D. Institutes of Medi very like a mullet, and are frequently found in the.
cme.M. D. Anatomy. ploughed fields."--Pet. Intel.
G. S. .Pattison, M. D. Anatomy.
Win. 1H. Richardson, M. D. Obstetrics, &c. .-......
Benjamin IDRq, M. D. surgery. Two sisters died in New-York the last week
James Bthe Chemistry. within 24 hours of each other-the one was one
C. Btafins Botany, chemistry hundred and ten years, and the other one hundred
C. S. .afinesque, Botany, &c.
9.d JU


NORFOLK, OCT. 13.
The Danish Sloop of War Diana, Captain
Suensen, of 20 guns and 124 nmen, last -from Phil-
adelpiia, anchored in this harbor yesterday mor-
ning,


PHILADELPHIA, OCT. 13.
Sailed yesterday morning for London, the Bri-
tish ship Nancy Brooks, with upwards of 50 pas-
sengers, most of them recently arrived in this
country.


seen stated in a Madrid letter, copied-from a Lon
dot newspaper:
Il 'iit'AL CLI)UL.
I, the ',.- ,
M31 Gove'ror of Fi.: i.L the brigrl.icr Comiot
Punonrostro, has addressed to me, u'e.lir d.il. mI;
November, of last year, the following represen-
tation:- '
SIRE: The Brigadier Count de-Punonrostro,
grandee of Spain, of the first class, and your gen-
tleman of the .bed-chamber in -a -&iin, &c. &c.
at the royal fe',t of your mn.je-ty, and most pro
found reipect-
Sheweth---That, animated bya d, s1ire. to ob-
tain, by all possiblic nic:iins, aid to 0I.elder pi.'j-
ductive, a part of the o-' e.at \h[i> ut o i1 nulh' ..iu-_.l
territory w uhich ),.>ur ia~ t 1-, I' iiiJ 11-1 .\]I i I .Ii
iy their -.rmiluy c.If'er so m rr r n ..,I :.-..... Lu L.-
tain great a. .i- t..L s t0o ,yuulr M i "l. ) t' |i',ii-.
cant, as well as to-the state, if th6I ,l.i1, i. 1 lh.
I : f-,(, a1d.ild ibe '.- mnplished; that is to say, ti
fi. I j p Iat I i ,ei a .. ti ale pa I uf tlti'.-'-. desert lands,
with peaceable, christian, and industrious people,
who, by i.. i a.ii ilhe population of your do-
minions, sl,l .u_;mnient corimmerce, and' conse
quently the revenues may likewise be augment-
ed. This enthrprize, directed by a person pos-
sessed of a competent knowledge of the country,
and with experience and capacity to profit 1.3)
i-'. -.. i'--'AiI theprogre's in.I ', .i, .i .ti.,-,
in similar circumst'r.', s, ."-rch as have beuit done
by the peor[.I' .1 i Uh. L tL:dJ 't.l-i:., who, in a very
short time, h'i'm C r.i .i. tIlici '. tr :,0 an-i extraor-
dinary height lt, aii lJ p lo 1 ..t1 l ih pi, .I i.'.. 1.'t
in the territory of Mobile, itl i.....ia 'i> adju iin'
Florida, which has been rendered from an uncul-
tivatedand wild desert,'to a rich, populous, and
commercial pri-ovince, cultivated and peopled by
more than 300,000 souls. The soil of Florida is'
susceptible of being placed in an equal degree of
population ind i.1iatl-, iifthe proper means should'
1,. ah''.[', d .aid il, [ll._ .' iii th i: .miLl.M. :,I' your

devote tlhi.m,d '.I. a to promote their private fot-
tunes, and that of the state. Co Fih.ii.;, then, in
the importance of the enterprisee, and in the good
dispositionsof your Majesty to promote the wealth
and prosperity of your subjects, atnd in consider-
ation also of the -.actiiic 1 .a Iih ii .11 be made by
your supplicant, and the services which he will
render, I pray your Majesty, that,iit c., i, 1i.:. i. 1,
as a remuneration of services, your Majesty may
be pleased to cede, in full property, anid in con-
formity with the laws of the mI:. .-.ni, all the uti-
settled and uncultivated laiins'of the Floridas
which have not been before granted, oip'i .-
hending the lands between the river Perdido, on
the west side of the Gulf of Mexico, and the riv
, Amanisa, amnd St. Johnr f':n tlhe source 1o
th %... ii n ,i-, i i: LA :i. .ini ; %- lihe north
by itl.. lin.- illu i .ru ., mr, ',.i i t.1. L iit..:] States;
aid to the south by the Gulf of Mexico, includ-
ing all the islands on the coasts ; and your sup-
plicant will, in consideration thereof, be pleased
to 'grant his prayer, and at the same time to com-
mand, that the further orders be commuunicated to
the authorities acting for your majesty in those
provinces, with directions to grant to your suppli-
cant all the means and protection which shall be
found necessary, as' well for the settlement of'
boundaries, as to realize the enterprise in all its
comprehensive parts ;, a grant which he hopes to
obtain from the generosity and beneficence of


your majesty.
,,; i.,. ,, & c.


The Count PUNONROSTRO."


The King having seen tIl, sa ,'-..pi,:.'ini and re-
presentation of Count Punon'ostro, and in con-
sideration of the great-merits of the supplicant, as
well as of his zeal for the king's service, and con-
sidering on the other Ihand the advantages that
the state must derive i .n, 'the increase of popu-
lation in the countries which the supplicant refers
to, has been pleased to comply with his petition,
in so much :s shall not interfere witlr the laws of
those kingdoms-I am'now pleased to comply
therewith : all which I communmcatc to my coun-
cil of the Indies, to be carried into execution, as
well as that -whlich was communicated by a royal
order of 17th December of the same year 1817.
Accordingly, recommniend by this my royal
cedila, that, conformably to the laws relating to
this branch of public affairs, you shall ellffectually
aid in the execution and fulfilment of this grant,
taking, for this purpose, every disposition which
may be conducive to the a..uamiiil-.m:ii..,t of its
object, without interfering with any other persons,
or their rightful claims. And, in order that the
above count de Punonrostro may, without delay,
be enabled to carry into execution his plan of colo-
nization,which is,in all its parts, in conformity with
the beneficence of my wishes with the object ot
protecting the agriculture and commerce of those
countries, we have called earnestly for a popula-
tion in proportion to the fertility of those regions,
and to add to the defence of the coasts ; taking
care to make circumstantial communications to
me as to the progress which he shall make. Such
is my will, as well as that this cedula shall be re-
gistered in the general office of the Indies'.
Done in tie palace, on the 6th Feb. 181'9.
1, THE KING.
By command of the king our lord,
ESTEVAN VAxiA.
Communicated to the governor of Floridas,
in order that he may take the dispositions necessa
ry to carry into effect the royal grant to the briga-
dier count Punoirostro, in the differentterritories
in West Florida, as is ordered in the preceding
cedula.
Registered in the office of f'egistry for North
America.
JOSE DE LASADA.
Madrid. 13th March. 1819.


LATEST FROM LIVERPOOL.

NEWYORK, OCT. 19.
The Euphrates, Capt. Stoddard, sailed on the '
12th ult. from Liverpool, and has favored us with
papers to the llth. i
A letter received in London, dated BuenosAy-
res, June 9, says :." Lord Cochrane has captured
Spanish merchant ship, with upwards of 200,000
.lull.:a ih specie, and an American schooner from
Ne Yof''k, with warlike stores, sent by Don t
Onis, the Spanish Minister, to Pezuela the Vice
Roy ,if Peiu. The Vice Admiralwas proceed-
ing to Payta, to look after the Cleopatra, armeo I
sliip, and spione merchant vessels which had.takei r
shelter in that port.


f
t






:





:


other.
The Mobile Gazette of the 22d, though yet
silent as to the prevalent .of a fatal disease, an- BALTIMORE, OCT. 18.
u t .' On Saturday night last, about 12 o'clock, a
ounces the illness of its editor, and the death of considerable quantityof snow fell in Baltimore.
-considerable quantityof snow fell in Baltimore.
the fohowing persons : Dr. D. C Robinson, Mr. The late brilliant and beautiful display of the Au-
Thomas Colt,jun. Mr.Lewits Pearsall, Mrs. Elia- ror1:. Borcalis, is said by our weather wise ones
bet!A Johnson, L. Inigalls, Esq. to indicate a rapid advance of the cold.


LONDON, SEPT. I1I.
The sailing of the Grand Spanish Expedition
from Cadiz: is definitively fixed for the 1.5-m bep t
ember.
The Grand Jury of Lancaster have.tlo',.i..n i ,i t
i11 "Jie I, ll .'.f ll [i linnCiWl pic 'ere d I.,b M r I-It H u t, i
f'i n.uid r, atr .iiit tile M Y ,int'.- t., auiL Yco -..
Ui \ u ` .\! r,.ItliLatl i, III tht afl'.ir of the 'il6th
ill. P s o.'r. i H .Irilo has den.uiiiiced the Jury
as :,n i .
Madame de Montholon, one of the ladies, who
iccompauied Napoleon to St. Hele'na, has arrivu-
ed in l:.m,i!]I The only French female now left
with the Ex-Emperor is Miaiin,e Bertrand.
The monthly report of the King's physicians,
just made, stiL S, tliat his Majesty's bodily health
continues good.
Died, in England, Sir Arthur Piggot, aged 69.
He was father of the British bar, and member of
l'.iI Ia[.me.it for Aruntdel.
Yesterday (oept. 9th) at a Common Council
assembled at Guildhall, seven resolutions; con-.
demning the conduct of the magistrates and yeo-
imany of Manchester, were carried, by a mjin.j it\
of 71 to45.
Ten pounds have been given to receive 1001. if
press warrants are issued in 14 days.
The report of the death of the Emperor Alex-
ander is unfounded. The death of his Minister
of Interior gave rise to it. :
The reported journey of the Princess of Wales
to LrEnlaiid is a sheerhoax. She has lately or-
dered many goods and furniture to be sent to her
in Italy; arid, among other things, a set of state
harness for tei horses, which have been complet-
ed, and are ready to be -1ip),ed.

DIt. WILLIAM BALDWIN.
Perry is no more," travelled with the rapidi-
ty of lightning throu.,h the land; and literally
covered it with mourning. Drums beating the
music of the dead, Ila.-. worn half-mast, and. mi
nute guns :i .il l'. in l.t:lry or frigate, pro.claim-
ed how niuch we loved and lamented the Hero of
LaJk'e Erie.
The Jdil of the scientific is ordinarily an-
nounced anid read with as much coldness as tl-' Ii
of the mere nati consumer fruges. Nations go
into- mourning only' for the adepts in the art of
destruction. Senseless beings that we are when
shall we'know who are in truth our benefactors ?
When shall we'learn, that to augment or adorn
the stock of scientific lore, is more glorious than
to receive the swords of vanquished foes on the
deck of a victor frigate ? Will the time ever ar-
rive, when the laurel shall not alone be L-, Ci...A .I
by those who wonder at the injustice of cotempo-
rarics in withholding it? When the innocence
and wisdom of the golden age revisit the earth,
then will there be other paths to distinction among
co'temipbraries, than that defiled by carnage and
stained with blood.
Though the pen, the pencil, the chisel, of ge-
nius, vie not in honoring the memory of BALDWIN,
one feeble tribute of respect shall show, that we
are not .11 ignorant or ingrates.
We should not, perhaps, err in assigning him
the first rank among American botanists. He
was, we know, in correspondence with the most
eminent' foreign botanists. The companion of
Humboldt, (Boupland) whom he saw at Buenos
Ayres, courted his acquaintance., Scientific men
know too well the value of time to squander it
upon 'mere pretenders to science.
From a mere knowledge of hlis pursuits, we
may draw unerring inferences as to his character.
To examine the beautiful colors, the exquisite
mechanism, and wonderous propensities of the
vegetable kingdom, as certainly leads the soul to
nature's God, as to investigate the laws which rule
the thousand stars that buin in the blue vault of
heaven. An undevout botanist, 'no less than an
irreligious astronomer, is mad. The selfish ne-
ver wear out their constitutions in pursuits crown-
ed with no other immediate reward than slef ap-
probation. Spirits cursed with passions that are
the blights of moral beauty, choose a theatre of
action very different from the study. But why
waste time in drawing inferences, when we know
he was brave, gentle, guileless,, generous His
botanical discoveries will mitigate the anguish,
and facilitate the elegant pursuits of thousands
yet unborn. He died, too, a martyr to scientific
zeal. This sentence is an epitaph worth the sa
crifice of a thousand lives. LINN1EUS.
[hAmerican Watch'man


In the flourishing and populous town of Bur-
lington, in the state of Vermont, where thui i bha
generally been a strong preponderating federal
interest, the state electron, last year, after a very
spirited contest, resulted in the choice of C. P.
Van ,Aess, Esq. a republican, to the state legisla-
ture; and a correspondent informs us, that, at
their late election, for the present year, the same
gentleman was re-elected, by an almost unani
mous vote, there being only four or five votes in
opposition ; certainly a strong evidence of meril
on the one hand, and of increasing confidence
both in the representative and his politics on the


CLEMENT T. COOTE & Co.
HAVE received by the schooners Hilan and tBetsev, a
great number of packages, containing their jate
purchases at auction, for cash, in Philadelphia, comp1ris-
ing a good, general, and seasonable assortmune of 1itY
GOODS and GROCERIES ; whlich, in addition to 'heir
usual stock, they now offer for sale.
C. T. C. would notice that their TEAS are very fine,
and of the latest cargoes. They have just to hand,
2 bales excellent shoe thread
12 firkins butter
50 barrels fine neat herrings, and
1 hhd. fine ground nuts.
oct 19-6t 6


Ni". a2qb


__


RiOM TiEn AnERicAN 5ARiIEn.

ifr. Sinner: Believing it would promote the
more' general diffusion of the arts, were notices
of patented improvements occasionally published
in your extensive circulating paper, I shall, if it
meet your approbation, now and then forward
you concise descriptions of new and valuable in-
ventions, particularly of such as are connected
with agriculture; and, as tl, ,commn crienrmt of
the plan, 1 offer you the ;.ll..u ii notice of
TISDALE'S GRAIN-CLEANtNG MACHINE.
The body of this machine is a frustum of a
one, having a case of sheet ir rin hit.11 is jerfo-
rated all over; the li.l.:: 'jcin. ver) JOrs, to-ether,
aind about half ilnc iz. 01 a l-iii~n t,f h''a On
:he surface of the inner cone, 'stiff bristles are
c;lsely and firmly set, which come in contact with
his perforated case The machine acts p. i.pen-
dicuiarly, its motion being *n ciiLh.t -,Unil.ir i ..
that cf ax ejfee mill, the.):ristles acting -.. o ii v 'y
teeth, which fi'ic ll press the grain against the..
inner side of the perforated csi, .and titrough
hdiee i oles eI cry hirC L atshalti.r tlia'i tlh .-;rain is'
wuirl.edl ot I hte r.ih descends into a shoe
which has a sI. c Lbitoin, 'the openings of which
are also smaller than the grain. Now, to prevent
larger substances froTn entering the machine. To
effect this, the hopper at top has a sieve, shoe or
basin, the spaces of which are sufficiently large
to allow the grain readily to pass through, but not
so large as to allow any substances to pass which
are over the size of the grain.
It is worked by a crank and the hopper is kept
agitated as in the comninon mill, to cause the grain
to pass rapidly. It is. confidently believed that'
this. machine will separate the wild',onion seed
from wheat. Its construction is simple and cheap,'
and, I doubt not, it will become eminently useful
to our extensive growers of wheat, for which it is'
most particularly designed, although it can be
adapted to every species of grain.
Yours: respectfully.
MECHANIC US.
Washington City, Sept. 1819.
We understand the inventor, Mr. Ephraim Tisdale, of
Herkimer, N. J has .,h,'irizd. Mi', Win. Blagrove, agent'
for Patent and Copy I A 't Washington, to disprseof
rights to the above d.-.' i., machine.-'(4.

The late English ic sp)ei L .give an account
of a singular case ol iris,,iMt. An unhappy wo-
man, by the name of Elizabeth Dunham, who by
adversity was deprived of her senses, stole every
key with which she came in contact; 3000 were
found in her possession. She stole the keys of
the Court of Chancery, and when desired by thep
Lord Mayor to explain her object, she answered,
that she wished to keep Justice under lock .and
key.---[Telegraph.
M \PI;IED.
By the Rev. Mr. F, .,ci N. i. in Charles county, Md.
on Tuesday evening the 12th inst. Mr. RousiEK DIiEs'
ro' Mass CA.trnAitrwE NEALE, youngest daughter of Mrs.
Jane Digges, widow bf the late Mr. IHenryv Digges.
On Tuesday evening', 19th instant, by the Rev. Mr.
Post, Mr. CHAcIr Ba .ro to Mirs MAiry, daughter of
Mr. Jous McLion ; all 'of this city

DIED,
At Baltimore, on Monday last, of a: ingh:mmatiol of
the lungs, GaU(ne Trsox, merchant of thaan city, in the
51it year of his age.
At St. Francisville, on the 17th September last, Mr.
TaoMAs WALKEe, in the 24th year of his ag'c. Mr. W.
had been for many years a resident of Baltimore, where
his amiable' disposition and correct deportment had se-
cured him many friends, who highly esteemed, and will
sincerely regret him. He has left a widow and a young
son to lament-the loss of an affectionate husband and fa-
ther.
In Boston, on Monday morning last, Mr. THOMAs CAR-
BoaL, aged 39. He was boatswain's mate on board the
frigate United States at the time of the capture of 'the
.Macedonian.
In Springfield, Windsor county, Vt. Mr. TISiAtAE PAm-
F~iENTER, aged 21, son of Mr. Oliver Parmenter'of that
town. He had a brother named Osbu'n Parmenter, aged
17, who had gone from Springfield to parts unkuo, ii n,
some time previous to his brother's death, and who is
earnestly solicited to return to the paternal roof.
On ,the 3d of last September, of the yellow fever, after
an illness of three days, at the residence of the Hlon.
Judge Dunlap, in the State of Louisiana, and parish of
Concordia, EDMa0SD J. BEXYeTT, Esq. Clerk to, the court
of said parish, and formerly a resident of Somerset coun-
ty, Md.
In the town of Bennington, Vt. on' the 4th inst. Gen.
EBENEsr.a WALBRines, aged 80.
In Salem, Mass. on Monday evening last, Jour DABNyr,
Esq. aged 68. He was brother to the late Dr. Dabncy,
of that town, and nearly related to the late Nathaniel
Gardner, celebrated in his day for his wit and poetic and
satiric powers. Mr. Dabney was bred a printer, and
was some years senior editor of a paper in this town,(the
Salem Mercury.) Afterwards, when the trade in litera-
ture increased, he became a bookseller, in connection
with which he discharged the duties of post master, for
near 30 years, with great attention. He was of a social,
friendly, hospitable disposition, and active in the courte-
sies of life.-Salem Gaz.

BALTIMORE, OCT. 20.
This morning, at eleven o'clock, agreeably to
public notice, the Stockholders of the City Bank
of Balnimore, met at the Assembly Room in this
city. The meeting was large, and very respect-
able. Col. John E. Howard was called to the
chair, and Mr. C, C. Jamieson appointed Secre-
tary.
The President, Directors, arid Cashier of the
Bank attended, with a full statement of the affairs
of the institution: which, we understand, shows
them to be in a much better situation than gene-
ral rumor had represented.
As the statements were much in detail, it was
deemed advisable to appoint a committee to exa-
mine thle statement, and report to an adjourned
Meeting of the stockholders on Friday morning,
at 9 o'clock.


~was~r~r~rrs~t i ar~a~bi~ O CTO-WER e2i, 1919.








^., -- natural to man, but we are taught its modus ope. the French and English, (the two nations proba-
0 10.e 01,A T-1,1 e randi;. and that, although it actually contains bly best instructed in most military matters,) theI
0 much less nourishment than animal matter, yet defects of the former willbe apparent,
from its being in a state of subdivision, it is so di- They are as follows :
luted, as it were, as to be fully acted upon by the French. English. American.
MEDIC.1L ECONOUMY stomach ; whereas, in a more concentrated form, Bread 241-10 oz. or Flour or Flour IS oz.
it became an unnatural stimulus, and destroys Biscuit 17 3-4 oz. Bread 24 oz. Beef 20 oz.
One of the most valuable improvements ir the the powers of the digestive organs. Fresh meat or Beef16 oz. or Pork 12 oz.
organization of the Department of War, introduc- Now we may conclude a priori, that the diet of Salt5 pork 6 1-2 oz. Peas 1 gill.
ed by the present Secretary, was that of bringing the people of this country will be that which is Rice oz, Butter or
Sto the seat of government the Chiefs of allthebest suited to them ; for, such is the facility of Dried pulse 2 oz. Cheese 1 oz.
subor the senate branhesrnmenof that Department, previ- obtaining the means of subsistence, that even the Wine 2 ;-,i. (nearly) Rice 1 oz.
subordinate branches that Departme i laborers in our cities, probably the poorest class Brandy I-t. (nearly)
ously dispersed in different parts of the Union ; of men among us, are enabled to procure most of From this it appears the American has more
thus enabling the Secretary to derive,freely and the articles supplied in the markets; and such is than twice as iouch meat as the French, and more
promptly, from the proper sources, .any inform the profusion with which we are blessed, that these even than the British soldier, while our ration of
romt l necessary for his own guidance, orfor en consist of almost every thisngthe palate can desire, bread is about two.thirds of theirs, altho.@',h we
lightening the Legislative and Exeutive councils or the stomach digest; being therefore under no have no other vegetable. It should also be ob
restraint from poverty or scarcity, it is to be pre- served that the British issue no ardent spirits, and
of the nation. The advantage of this arrange- sued they would follow, in a great measure, the the French but a small portion, though their ha-
rient will strike any one who refers to the ample indications of nature; and that this is a fact will bits, in this respect, render such an allowance at
and ready Reports communicated by the Secreta- appear from a cursory reflection upon the modes least harmless.
ry Yf War to Congress, during the- last session. of living in the different parts of the country ; for Since then, the health, and of course the effi-
ryne of these Reports, which had previously Cs- when we take into account the quantity of farina- ciency of an army depends so much upon the
One of these Reports, whichou e cea employed in bread, pudding, &c. the great ration, this subject becomes one of no small poli-
caped our notice, by accident, lately met our eye, variety and abundance of fruits, and of the lighter tical importance; and an old soldier" of our
and it appears to us so full of interest to the gene- vegetables, in addition to the more nutricious country, in his advice to young generals," has
ral as well as Ae professional reader, and so ere- ones, as pease, beans, rice, potatoes, and many very pertinently commenced with the belly ;"
ditable to the talents-of the officer by whom it was roots, it is probable four-fifths of oui; diet is ve- as he considers a man's stomach, to have an es-
made, that" we havepleasure in giving it a place getable, and perhaps two-thirds in every case. E- sential effect both upon his ability and his inclina-
inourade, that wcolumns.en at dinner when meat is most used, it is ge. tion to fight, and, among other causes, of the al.
in our columns. nerally in this proportion, and it constitutes but a 'most universal success of the armies of barba-
..'-- small part of outr morning and evening meals. rians, and especially of semi-civilized nations,
S ovenbeGr 16,1818. There are no doubt exceptions, but these propor- their being subject to little or no change in their
Sa: In compliance with your instructions tions will be found in general correct, mode of living when in actual service, is a very
BSave the honor to submit the ylnlowing The cheapness of living, however, not only en- prominent one; for they are not only less liable to
have the honor to submit the lowg ables the mass of our population to procure food be diminished by disease, but they add to the full
JEPORI: of the best kind, but also to obtain a great variety enjoyment of all their physical- powers, the no
In deciding upon the component parts of the of the essential articles, and many even of the less important moral effect of high health and
ration to be f.mrnished the army, it must be obvi- luxuries of life : there are few who, to fish and consequent good spirits; and the want of which,
ous that, so far as thie health of the troops is con- poultry, andi almost all the vegetables in use, do generally completes the destruction of a beaten
cerned, those will of course be the best which af not add tea coffee, sugar, spices, and other condi- and retreating army.
ford the greatest quantity of good nutricious mat- ments ; and with this variety of food they are ac- Among the ancients, the ration of a soldier was
ter, from a given quantity of food ; but, as the customer to no small variety in the mode of pre- principally, if not entirely, vegetable, and it is
soldier is in general his own cook, it is also ne- paring it. The very general use of tea, or some well known what immense burdens they carried,
cessary that they be of such a nature as to ena- other warm infusion, at the morning and evening what fatigues they underwent, and what surpris-
ble him effectually to extract this nutriment in the meals, is a point of no small importance, and no- ing marches they often performed; this, howe-
easiest and most simple manner. The first will thing but experience can fully convince one how ver, probably depended, in a great measure, like
depend upon the habits of the soldier, previous severely the want of it is felt, and of course how the success of the armies above alluded to, upon
to enlistment ; and the last upon the mode of necessary that, or a substitute, is for the healthlof the little change required in their mode of living
cooking which the experience of the army has the soldier. when called from their homes to the field.
found mostconvenientand advantageous. But, secondly, the experience of the army Whenever, therefore, the progress of civiliza-
It is a well known fact, that every animal, in proves, that not only the habits of the soldier pre- tion, or the natural fertility of a country, enables
order to enjoy health, strength, and vigor, must vious to enlistment, but also the mode of cooking the mass of the population, to habituate themselves
be supplied with food adapted to its habits, whe- found most effectual and convenient, requires a to.a degree of luxury in living, it becomes neces
thernaturalor acquired. The former cannot in material change in the component parts, of the sary in time of war to put in requisition the
most cises be essentially changed, without serious ration; for, since the business of cooking belongs, wealth and means these very circumstances pro-
consequences ; the lion, for example, cannot sub- in civil life, almost entirely to females, when a duce in time of peace, to counteract the evil. If
sist on hay, or the ox on game : while in others man is confined to bread and meat, he is not only an armiiy of barbarians required less in the field,
the digestive organs may, by degrees, become so suddenly deprived of his accustomed means, but they had also fewer resources; and since expe-
accustomed to unnatural food, as to render it not is entirely ignorant of the best mode of employing rience has shewn the impossibility of accommo-
only consistent with, but necessary to health; those afforded him ; and one of the last things a dating our habits to our supplies, it becomes ne-
thus, the horse may be taught to live on meat.. young officer or soldier learns, is how to manage cessary to adapt our supplies to our habits. The
Hence it follows, that a ration perfectly adapted his domestic concerns-though he soon becomes truth of these remarks will appear from consi-
to the wapts of Cossack, might be totally use- acquainted with the necessity of this knowledge, during that, in the progress of almost every nation
less, and .perhaps injurious, to an American ; for both for hit health and his comfort. from barbarism to civilization, the point at which
man may in this respect be considered a genus, When a recruit receives his ration, if the meat their armies have been most formidable and effi-
the several species of which are determined by be fresh, he broils it to a cinder on the coals, on cient, is that, where they unite the hardihood of
the age, country, or tribe, to which he belongs ; the end of his ramrod ; if salt pork, he eats it the former to the resources of the latter; where
the Greenlander and the Hindoo, the ancient raw; and if salt beef, lie boils it, and with -his they have the use of wealth and science without
Spartan, and the modern Epicure, would find bread will make a pretty good tieal for some havinglearned to.abuse them, This may be ex-
nearly as much difficulty in subsisting upon the time; but in the morning and evening lihe feels the emphfied in the history of the Russian empire,
same food, as the wolf and-the sheep, want of his usual infusion of tea, and at noon of since the time of Peter the Great.
Such being the effect of custom, it mustbe evi- his customary supply of vegetables. As a sub- Although not immediately connected with this
dent that, whenever a man has confirmed his na- stitute for tt.e former, he warms the stomach with subject, it may be well to observe, that what has
tur-"l propensities by long habit, any change, es- a gill of undiluted, corroding whiskey ; and, after been advanced in relation to the ration, is applica.
pecialiy a sudden one, will be attended with most living a few weeks in this way, is sent to the sur- ble; in the fullest'extent, to the medical attend-'
injurious, ifnot fatal effects ; and this is pi'ecisely geon, worn down with dysentery, diarrhea, and ance and supplies of our army. The soldier
the condition of the American soldier ; for, if the other complaints of the stomach and .bowels : if who, previous to enlistment, had no physician
natural diet of man is altogether vegetable, and the surgeon be sufficiently acquainted with his but nature, no nurse, but what chance or charity
if the people of this country differ but little in duty to give him a light diet of soup, fresh vege- furnished, and who never knew what comfort and
their nmode of living from that pointed out by na- tables and hospital stores, instead of loading him convenience were, will easily struggle through a
ture, and are also accustomed to a great variety, with medicine, he is shortly restored to health ; disease, that would be inevitably fatal to one who
& consequently too frequent changes in the several and, from the same causes as before, is shortly re- had been from his infancy accustomed to every
articles of their diet, it must be t-,vious that a ra- turned to the hospital, and, after being for some assistance tha: professional skill and the solici-
tion, composed of bread and meat only, and chief- months a borden to himself and the community, tude of friends, aided by a competency at least,
ly of the latter, cannot be consistent either with he is either buried or discharged service, and per- can afford.
*' comfort, convenience, or health." haps pensioned. This is a process which every But f-rom the multiplicity of charitable institu-
That man" was not originally carnivorous, is one on duty, during the late war, has repeatedly tions among us, even cur paupers are better at-
proved by history, both sacred and profane ; and witnessed ; which occurred with the majo-ity of tended and furnished when sick, than the soldier
this is confirmed by the fact, that nearly all those those enlisted ; and which rendered the muster can possibly be, without liberal supplies from the
animals, whose usefulness depends upon their rolls of the army a mere list of invalids. public, assisted by an effectual organization of the
health, strength, and vigor, orupon the nutritious Whenever the mortality was great, during the medical staff, a rigid observance of regulations,
qualityof their solids, such as the horse, elephant, late war, it was attributed to the quality of the ra- and a strict attention to duty. Policy and econo-
camel, mule, sheep, and most of those used for tion ; but the fact is, it was, on an average, as good my, therefore, no less than humanity, require at
food, subsist upon vegetables ; while the carni- at these places as usual; and,'that this was the tention to this subject, since, in addition to the
vormus species, as the tier, wolf, dog, and even case, is proved from the circumstance that the loss of much' timne,it costs the public several hun-
the lion, though they possess a greater degree of regiments at these stations, commanded by expe- dred dollars to supply the place of a good soldier,I
agility, from their natural conformation, have no- rieneed officers, as well as those in the vicinity, who might often have been saved for the twen.
thing of that real strength and vigor, whicu ren- were often, in a great measure, exempted from tieth part of the surh.
ders the former animals important assistants to disease. Sutling, also, is a subject that deserves to be
us luring life, nor of that healthy embonpoint, There were two corps, one noted for their good particularly noticed, since it is of nearly as much
whici. makes some of them equally useful after police, and the other for their depredations on the importance to the health, comfort, and conve-
deathii. fields and gardens of the citizens, who were a con- nience of the army, as the nature of the compo-
The same is true with respect to man in his tinual proof of the true cause of this difference in nent parts of the ration ; to the officers it is more
present unnatural state ; the natives of this counr- the health of the men ; for experience soon taught so; for both in time of peace and in active ser-
try, who subsist principally on gaie ; those tribes both olic.ers and men thile importance of prepar- vice, they are generally stationed so far from ci-
of3 ledoiiies, whose deserts scarcely afford food ing their food in thie form of soups; and whene- ties and villages, as to render them altogether'
for dicir cattle ; and thIe Greenlianier, whom ne- ver this was done, either in consequence of police dependent upon the occasional supplies of the irre-
cessity has taugin to live upon dried fish and regulations, or from the soldiers obtaining a sup- gular followers ofa camp ; and too often money
blubber, ate all. from their ,--eral habits, hardy ; ply of the necessary ingredients, thIe good effects cannot procure a decent meal. From the expe-
buh the'y are, centers palibus, inferior to the Hin- were constantly observed ; and from what hls rience of the late war, there can be no doubt but
doo, whose fear of feeding upon his grandsire, been adverted to, relative to the diet natural to this circundstance alone rendered the service on
confines him to pulse and light vegetables ; much man, and the rationale of its operation, the rea- the frontier ,,ore unpleasant and unpopl)ular,
less have they the stlaumina of those, whom our sons must be obvious. and caused more desertion, if it may be so term-
second nature, habit, has accustomed to a judi- It is true, the same judicious arrangements ed, than all others together. In fact it often a
ciouts mixture of both these kinds of food. which not only obliged the men to cook their mounted to absolute want, for, after living a few
Custom, it is true, rendered a certain portion of provisions in the best manner, but also provided weeks upon a soldier's ration, diarrhoie and dys-
animal food necessary to produce the highest them with the necessary ingredients, would con- entery would render bread and meat as useless as
state of health and vigor ; but it is believed the dcuce to their health in var-ios ways; but when, stocks and stones. And even when the camp was
nuantity reqireid foir tims purpose, has been ex- as was the case in the corps above alluded to surrounded with hucksters, they extorted in a
ceecingly overrated. This has arisen from ob- change of position or circumstances produced the short time all the money an officer possessed, for
serving that certain classes of men, noted for their same result upon those who had no police at all, supplying him with a bare subsistence, so that it
health and strength, indulge largely in such kind and the only apparent difference in their situation too often happened that those, particularly in the
t' diet; but the conclusion by no means follows arose from their being able to obtain a variety of subordinate grades, were, from absolute poverty,
fioti the premises ; for these same men will &l- articles, in addition to their ration, and to prepare obliged to descend to habits and practices totally
so indulge in large potations of ardent spirits, and them in a suitable manner, there can be no doubt inconsistent with the character of officers or gen-
various other excesses, without apparent injury ; that the nature, and not the qu(dity of thIe ration, tleimcn. It would frequently require nearly aill
this, therefore, only pr'qucs what they can bear, was the true cause of its effects. This is also the pay and emoluments of a captain to discharge
and not what's .est for them. confirmed by the practice found most beneficial his mess-bill; thie situation of subalterns, there-
The correctness of the position will further ap- in the hospitals, as most patients required only a lore, miAay well beimagined, since the scarcity of
pear, from the diet found necessary for the deli- proper diet to restore them to health, while ani- supplies rendered it impossible to adapt one's
cate and the valetudinamtanan. There the great dif- nial food, in a solid form, was generally neuse. living to his means.
ficulty is to procure food sufficiently light, that is ated. Feeling thie importance ot this subject, com-
of sufficient bulk to satisfy hunger, without too One of the divisions of the French army, in manding officers repeatedly attempted to ob-
much nutriment to suppress digestion ; tfor phy- 1810, was so far reduced by diarrhea and dysen- tain and secure regular sutlers, who, fr-om
siologists, when discoursing upon tihe digestive tery, as to produce a full and satisfactory investi- having the exclusive right to sell to their corps,
orga's, ant the quality ollood best suited to them, gation of its causes ; and it was clearly shown, in might be able and willing to furnish them rega
have she-n' that the former requires from tie a memoir of the Surgeon General of the rlivisinn' larlv at a low rate. But this was found inimracti-


latt'-r what they have termed the stimulus ofdis- to arise cntirebl. from the ration to which they had cable ; in the first place, from the irregularity
teusion, as well as a due degree of excitement for so,.: .,-c been confined. Being unable to with which the army was paid; and secondly,
from ;-utricious matter, to produce healthy action, ob.aimn the usual supply of vegetables, they were from the small security the sutler had for his mo-
'That a certain bulk is as miecessarv as a certain furnished, iime our army, with bread and meat ney. The former was C ,course the chief cause
quantity of nuriment ; and that so far as one of only, and princihipaly the latter, which was in gen- of the latter.
these is increased at the expense of the other, so eral sa;cd pork ; so that the effects of such a di- I have known an honest and faithful man lose
far :h diet varies from the healthy standard., et are not peculiar to our own country from 800 to 1000 dollars, by the death, desertion,
Thus, it nat only appears that a vegetable diet is II ft'ict,' i we rm t,ve our ration with that of and discharge of soldiers, who had not been paid


for many months, and someof them for two years.
The consequence was obvious; the sutler was
soon obliged to quit his business, and in the mean
time, to charge an enormous profit, to make up
for these losses, in addition to those arising from
the necessity of borrowing money or purchas-
ing at a long credit, and of course at a great ad-
vance.
In actual service perhaps the troops cannot al-
ways be regularly paid; some mode should there-
fore be adopted to secure the suttler his just and
authorized demands, in all cases, which I ap-
prehend might be easily effected. If this were
done, he could furnish a mess of ten men, with
all the groceries, &c. they require, for ten dollars
per month.; whereas they now spend one half.
theirpay, for occasional supplies,of the worst kind;'
and at the same time, a mess of officers might live
better for three dollars per week, than they often
do for four or five times that sum.
In the British army, this subject has received
the attention it deserves ; so that one of their re-
giments is generally better supplied, arid at a
cheaper rate than any of the neighboring citizens,
and it surely is of equal importance to us if with.
out costing the public a cent, we can, by suitable
laws and regulations, enable both officers and men
to purchase health and comfort for half the
money they now pay for imposition and disease.
Before quitting this point, it should be observed,
that no important arrangement for the army can
be considered in the abstract, there is such a mu-
tual dependence of all military regulations, that
it is.often impossible to foresee the consequences
of bad ones.
From the want of proper and regular supplies,
for example, the important subject of messing
has been almost entirely neglected. An officer,
instead of finding his regimental mess a comfort-
able home, in which he feels an interest, and to
which he is pleased to return, submits with re-
luctance to a few months of privation and hard-
ship, and then commences his operations to ef
feet a retreat to the interior, and leaves his place
to be temporarily supplied by another equally dis-
contented sojourner; and it is a fact, no less im-
portant than true, that those commanding officers
who have made the greatest progress in regi-
mental police have the least trouble in calling
home their wandering officers, and keeping them
there. It is in vain to say, as is often the case, that
a soldier must expect these things; for, like all
others, he will, to a certain extent, consult his
own convenience. The camp at French Mills,
in the fall of 1813, was sufficient proof that the
comforts of officers are of no small importance
to the public ; for, as soon as they found them-
selves in the wilderness, without houses or food,
they not only quilted their posts upon the most
trifling pretences, but many, who would have
faced the enemy with pleasure, fled from priva-
tion, in a manner that came little short of deser-
tion. After what has. been observed upon the
nature of the ration, the necessity for a regimen-
tal grocery, for the health as well as comfort both
of officers and men, will not probably require
further proof.
With regard to the articles best suited to com-
pose the ration, it is necessary that they be not
only adapted to the habits of the soldier, but also
of such a nature as to be easily procured, of a
good quality, and capable of being preserved
from injury, in the several parts of the country
where they are to be used. Wheat flour is easily
damaged in.all places, and, in that state, is ex
tremely prejudicial to health. Most of the dis-
eases of ti'e troops during the late war were, by
general consent, attributed to the ration; but,
though by no means true to the extent believed,
it was too often so, and, nine times in ten, damag-
ed flour was the noxious article. At French Mills
particularly, where the mortality was almost in-
credible, the flour was unfit for any human sto-
mach. Where it can be obtained, therefore,
kiln-dried corn-meal is far preferable to flour in
every respect, but where it cannot, the evil may
in a great measure be remedied by causing the
latter to be baked in the form of hard biscuits,
which can not only be preserved a much longer
time, but are more palatable and less injue
rious when damaged, and far more nutriciotus
when good, than the soft bread furnished to ori
made by the soldiers.
This, it is believed, is a matter of no small im-
portance, not only on account of the bad effects
of damaged flour, but from the fact, well known
to many valetudinarians and most physicians, that
hard bread or soft bread toasted is much more
easily digested, and affords more nutriment than,
in any other form, however good the quality may
be; and, since a pound of this bread will be equal
to a pound of flour, the baking will be but little,
if any, additional expense.
For the same reason that kiln-dried corn-meal
should, in many cases, be substituted for flour,
bacon ought to be furnished instead of salt beef
and pork; at the south particularly this change
appears absolutely necessary for the health of the
troops. With this alteration, and a proper re-
duction of the quantity of the meat, this part of
the ration, provided a due proportion of it be
fresh, would be as good as can possibly be re-
quired.
As to the additional vegetables that may be sub-
stituted for part of the meat, the kinds best adapt-
ed to this purpose, on every account, are those
used by the British and French, viz. peas, beans,
and rice; they may be obtained in abundance,
and generally at a low. rate; and, if issued either
regularly or occasionally, would not only promote
the health and comfort of the soldier, by ap-
proaching near to his accustomed food, hut by
enabling him to introduce frequent changes in
his mode of preparing it.
The deleterious effects of ardent spirits, parti-
cularly in the army, are well known ; for, in the
reports of sick, sudden death from intoxica-
tion," is no small item. It is suggested, there-
fore, whether this troublesome poison should not
be altogether excluded, and the healthy drinks of
molasses and water, or beer, substituted for it; if
I am rightly informed, by supplying molasses and
the essence of spruce, one quart of beer may be
furnished for about thy same sum as one gill of
whiskey The necessity of this will be more evi-
dent when it is remembered, that in f.ct the sol-


dier has, at present, only water with his meals,
for, notwithstanding all regulations, he will make
a morning dram of his whiskey, which is one
chief cause of its injurious effects.
At the request of a surgeon attending a post,
where the men were severely attacked with dysen-
tery, this last summer, the commanding officer
stopped the whiskey altogether: and an immedi-
ate check was given to the disease. This, how-
ever, is but one of many instances of the good con-
sequences resulting from such orders, and pa'iLi-


cularly at the south, during the summer months.
Almost all classes of men among us are accus-
tomed to the free use of spices and other condi-
ments, particularly of pickles; which, on account
of the vegetable acid they contain, are both a
pleasant and healthy stimulus to the stomach.
Indeed, vinegar is of great use on many accounts;
it is one of the best correetors of the superabund-
ance of bile, induced by an unnatural or long con-
tinued stimulus ; whether it be the excessive
heat of a warm climate, an abundance of animal
food or that of a crude consistence, or a too free
use of ardent spirits ; in the latter case, as well as
where laudanum, or other narcotics, have been
taken, it seems to act as a specific. Whenever,
therefore, the soldiers are supplied with the light-
er vegetables, as cabbages, beets, cucumbers, &c.
which may, by .suitable arrangements, easily be
done, especially on the peace establishment, there
can be no doubt of the. benefit of allowing a suffi.
cient quantity of vinegar, to furnish them with 'a.
regular supply of pic.des; and even without these
it might be used with great advantage, and would
generally be very acceptable in its sirnple form.
If, from these considerations, it should appear,
that the health of the army requires alterations in
the ration, they will be of still greater weight,
when we remember, that, from the nature of our
public institutions, the greater part of our furce
in actual service does, and will for many years,
consist of militia-of men, who must necessarily,
in all cases, be suddenly taken front their custom-
ary habits and comforts, and exposed to all the
hardships and privations of the soldier, without
any of his ad utiia.Jg The effects'of this have
been too i.atexy i d too severely felt, to be soon
forgotten ; and it is suggested, whether this cir-
cumstance be not of sufficient importance to have
a very considerable influence in deciding, not
only the nature of the ration, but of all those sup.
plies upon which militia, when on duty,are equal.
ly as dependant as the regular soldiers; and a
every abl'e bodied citizen is liable, at a moment'
warning, to feel the necessity of having these sup_
plies as good as practicable, he will have less ob
jection to furbish his portion of any additional ex-
pence that may be necessary to insure their pio-
vision. All which is respectfully submitted.
JOSEPH LOVELL, Surgeon Gen.
Hon. J. C.'CALaouA, Secretary of War.

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE.
raOM THE NATIONAL ADVOCATE.
Several years have elapsed since Mr. Binns. the
editor of the Democratic Press, issued proposals
for publishing a splendid edition of the Declara-
tion of Independence, with fac-similes of the
signers. The subscribers to the work have been
impatient for its publication, concluding that it
was contemplated to make it a neat, if not hand-
some thing, creditable to the arts of our country
and the delay has induced persons to anticipate
the design, by obtruaing inferior publyations on
the public. The work announced by Mr. Binns
is now completed, and we have examined it with
no ordinary gratification, and not unmixed with
pride, at viewing the rapid and unexpected ad-
vancement of the fifie arts of our country. It is
in design and execution, the most truly fsplerdid
thing ever produced in America, ;'and we are
much mistaken if it is not pronounced in Europe
equal to any modern effort in the arts. The do-
curnent, the pride of the country, is surrounded
with a rich cordon, containing th, arms of the
thirteen states which o igmnall .onfurederated in its'
adoption. This is the first time these arms have
ever been collectively published; and from de-
signs good, but rudely executed, the published&'
has presented then in the most exquisite style of
line engraving, which invites and warrants the
most minute inspection. The arms of the United
States are on a new plan ; the Eagle was painted
from life, and is a bold and animated design. The
portrait of Washington was painted by Stuart ;
that of Hancock by Copley, which,is valuable for
its rarity ; and that of Jefferson by Otis-the re-
semblance of each is said to be very striking. Al-
together, it is a most inimitable production, calcu-
lated to delight the patriot and the admirer of the
fine arts. If the publication has been delayed for
an unexpected length of time, it will be recollect-
ed that the publisher has produced a more com-
plete and highly finished plate than was originally
anticipated : but the delay has been unavoidable, -
the collection of the arms of the United States,
with the necessary documents, has alone occu-
pied two years. It will readily be believed that
the expense to the publisher has been enormous;
a handsome fortune will not cover the cost; and
Mr. Binns must rely on the liberality and taste of
his fellow citizens, in addition to their patriotism,
for an adequate remuneration. We feel no hes-
itation in saying that he will be remunerated; and
if ten dollars can be spared for perpetuating, in a
most elegant manner, this invaluable document,
every citizen will be proud to have a copy.
HENRY AULT,
Tin-plate Worker, Pennsylvania .Avenue,
W ISHES to employ two Journeymen Tinmen, to
whom liberal wages and constant employment will
be given. It is desirable that one of them should be ac-
customed to planishing work.
oct21 -6t
ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY DOLLARS REWARD.
j AN AWAY from the subscriber living about two
i miles from Woodsborough, Frederick county, Md.
on the 10th April, 1817, a black girl nuned JULIET,
about 20 years of age, stout, well made, thick lipped; is a
good weaver. She was purchased of John Carby, of
Charles comty; she was seen, a short time after absent-
ing herself, in Georgetown, D.C. Any person taking up
said girl and securing her so that I get her again, shall be
entitled to the above reward, and all reasonable expen-
ces if brought home. WM. GALT.
Frederick county, Md. oct 20-11t
CHEAP AND ELEGANT FRENCH PAPER.
HANGINGS.
SROBINSON respectfully informs his friends and the
public generally that he has, in addition to his form-
er assortment, received a beautiful collection of views of"
the following description, viz.
The Adventures of Telemachus, Greek Feats.
Spanish views, &c.
1 Case of Umbrellas and Window-Blinds,
With several other handsome patterns of paper, which
he offers tor sale at reduced prices, for a few days only.
The success he has metwith induces him to remain here
a short time longer, & he assures those who may be dispos-
ed to purchase, it will be to their advantage to give him
a call immediately, and examine his splendid collection,
at Mr. lates' Auction Store, Pennsylvania Avenue.


N. B. The best bangers are now employed at putting
up paper, and their work warranted not to be exceeded
in beauty or workmanship by any in the country.
oct 22-
J. TENNISON
C ONTINUES to keep thc Hotel, formerly known by
the name of the Washington Hotel. There is ato
inched to their house, ito)'I Stabliug.
Twelve or fitieen Members of Congress can be accom-
modated in a mess.
oct 19-w2m















......... -D ..... .-

Ohio Controversy.-We have heard nothing
more from Ohio respecting the money taken"
from the vaults of the Branch of the United States
Bank in that State. It is probable it will rest
quietly there until the meeting of the Legislature.
Meanwhile, public opinion is pretty freely ex-
pressed concerning it. It is palliated in no At-
lantic papers that we have seen, except the Rich.
mond Enquirer. The Southern Patriot among
others, has the following very justremarks, which


BRICK MACHINES.
5FOM THE PHILAI.ipLPIA AURORA,
We had an opportunity, on Friday, of witness-
ing the operations of a machine for saving labor
and perfecting the execution of bricks for build-
ing-, the production of the genius of Mr. .adam
Stuart, who is the brother of Mr. Stuart, whose
uncomfion talents in rhe construction. of musical
instruments have excited so much interest.
At the first view, we fuinid it so unlike any
ideas we had conceived of what might, be con-
trived for such a purpose; or rather, it was so
unlike the method of manufacture by the hand
and mould, in the common way, that we could not
at once enter. into the method of its operation.
A little patient observation soon developed its ex-
traordinary simplicity, and, we may well say, its
wonderful effect.
Those who have seen the machinery for manu-


Fro THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCEcR.
T'I1E CAMP-WOODS, NTEW-JERSEY.
JIn yonder Camp-woods' cool, salubrious shade,
Where beaux and lovely belles .i-;. l.t -. stray,
Where vows of mutual love have oft been made,
The mild Ancoecas gently winds its way.
Upon its banks blooms many a bldshin -rote ;
And fairest fillies the swect vale adorn ;
Thither, from where tihe weeping-willow grows,
With two sweet maids, I reatm'd one autumn morn.
This wild retreat was once the place of prayer;
To worship here appeared a pious throng;
Here sounds of praise have filled ir.. ..i)'b ..i ',h :
These hills have echoed with ,.. ,it it ..... .
For ever sacred be this wild retreat!.
Perpetual verdure deck this beauteous grove!
For, 0! the hours I lingered there were sweet,
Dear to miny memory-they were hours of love!


POS*CONED SALE.
PUBLIC SALE.
3Y virtue ofa decryt of the ion. the Cricuit Court of
t District of Columbia, sitting us a Court of ClGiha-
cery for ih., county ot Washingto6, w.ll be sold on Satur-
lay the 23dinst 'at 11 'clohick a m. on the premises, the
itluibe and lot on Bridge street, Goor,"etoprn, at present
"-,cupie. by W Redidin, Esq. The ;erms are cash, upon
tile ratification of th' saie by the court when a good andwl
suffice title will be gi en.
VM. THOMSON. Jr Trustee
Georgetown, oct 4-eo3w E. DAVIS, autct.
TheI sale of the above property is postpon-
ed until Saturday the 20th November next.
oct 23-wtd


POSTSCRIPT.


Direct from Cadiz.-The ship Fanny, TWil-
liams in a short passage from Cadiz, bound to
New York,'put into New Haven- on Sunday.-
Capt.W who has dispatches for government, from
our Mirni.ler at Madrid, proceeded by land to
New York. The only information we have been
able to gather from this arrival is, that Mr, For-
syth will remain at Madrid till further instruc-


Drawing commences on Tuesday next, 26th inst. tions shall have been received from the Presi-


GRAND NATIONAL LOTTERY.
SECOND CLASS.
SCHEME.


100

2
4
20
60
2800


)prizes of 1,00o is 9.100,0
of 40 000 is 40,0
of 10,000 is 20,0
of 5,000 is. 20,0
Sof 500 is 10,0
i of 100 is 6,0
of 40 is 104,0
Only 10,00o Tickets.
Tickets $38, and shares in proportion.


000

00
00
00
00


we take the liberty to adopt : At this early day facturing screws from the raw iron rod, may con- ie mner Ancoeas, inn tins luou vale,
we are told that resistance to the constitution ad- ceive an idea of the rapidity of the production of Reeives the waters of the ealm Artlee
e d it u bricks; though the principle of the power thus Gently as blows sweet sutmfmer's fi-agrantgale,
mits of palliation and apology, because forsooth produced is thou h more simple and equally pro- These streams, united, roll to distant sea.
nuts 01 pallition anaapoiogyoeoause uiauoinproduced is much more simple and equally pro-
a very few think fit to see a violation of this in- lific. As with Aurelia on the point I stood,
strumentin a law enacted by the supreme couii- The process we saw in performance was ex- V- here the two streams in social confluence flow,
cil of the country, declared to be constitutional by actly as follows ; the power we shall describe af- There seemed' au emblem, in the mingling flood,
the highest tribunal known to our laws, and'ap- terwards. Into a chest resembling the hopper Of scenes that souls of love aid frienuditip kiorv.
oedy a lae aorit f w of a common grist mill, two men poured con- Were I .incocas, wit a heart of love,
proved by a large majority of people. Now, what stantly a quantity of loose clay, as it was dug from. And some Aurelia fair my calm Ar'dee,
should be the course of those politicians that en- the earth, without any mixture, or moistening, or Our' souls, united, should as tranquil move .
tertain the opinion that the constitution has been kneading, or any other of the tedious process of As roll these waters to the distant sea.
invaded by the establishment of the Bank of the the common art of brick-making. 'The machine For love's soft power can smooth life's rugged stream;
United States ? Should it not be. to wait for the wasin motion, and had a double power'; that-.is, It cheers or morn, and g:ods the shades of eyven:
the bricks were made and moulded, and deliver- Love is the star that guides, with lucid beam, .
period that it may be regularly repealed, and the ed from two apertures, without any other aid of Our steps on earth-and lights our -path to heaven!'
principles of that constitution vindicated ? If one human hands than the throwing of the .lay into 0May, 1819. BARTON,
actof resistance of this kind admits of being pal- the hopper, when, in a few seconds, from the
liated on the ground that Congress has passed aperture below the hopper, a brick was delivered PHILADELPHIA, OCT. 20.
an unconstitutional law, and the Supreme Court upon an endless web, which revolved on wheels Curious (iI clnrlt,,cr.--.\ person named
sanctioned it why may not every act f resistance intended for the purpose, and which, in the rota- Winkworth, of genteel appearance, was yesterday
tion of the machinery, carried the brick gently brought to the bar of the mayor's court, to be
admit of the same defence ?-How can the" En. several yards from the place of delivery, ready tried for forgery. He stated that his impover-
quirer," consistently, have condemned Massachu. Jormed, of a solid texture, almost sufficiently dry ished situation prevented his employing counsel,
setts for refusing to place her troops in the late for burning; and to each-of the apertures deli- and therefore he would undertake his own de-
war under the Federal command, and palliate the vered the bricks with sufficient rapidity to occupy fence. He asked, very politely, for the indict-
conduct of Ohio whilst flying in the teeth boti two men in taking them off and piling them. menit, that he might look over it previous ;o the
of alaw of a suprei legislature and a solen de- The machinery was put in motion by a small trial ; it was handedto him ; and whilst he held
of alaw of a supreme legislature and a solemn de- steam engine of two horse power, attended by it he took off the forged check that was attached
cision of our highest tribunal. The conduct of two men and a boy; two horizontal beams, sup- to it, and swallowed it. When he handed the in-
Massachusetts had nothing of open outrage like ported by four stout cheeks, sustain the work; at dictment back to .e Deputy Attorney General
that of Ohio, and was justified by her politicians one end the machinery of wheels and levers are the check was missed, and the prisoner was ask-
on a constitutional principle also. They concei- set in motion by the steam power; and the hop- ed what he had done with it. He replied that
ved that they were not bound by the constitution per in which the clay is thrown stands above the he came there to be tried, and not to answer ques-
Sh wheel and the two levers by which the power is itions. This device availed not the prisoner;
to obey the requisition of the Executive, yet this produced. for proof of the forged check was given after the
principle, however untenable, had not been The levers act alternately, and in a horizontal fact was substantiated of his having destroyed it;'
brought up for decision before the supreme court directorr; one eccentric wheel, which appeal's to and he was sentenced to five years' iniprisonment.
and solemnly settled, as in the case of the law es- produce-an action like the form of a parabolic He defended luh,..-l in. an address of some inge-
tablishing the _U S. Bank.-Massachusetts, if curve, works on a small friction wheel in the mid- nuity and ability to the jury.
.. dile of a compound lever, which descends in this --
we recollect right, the Enquirer condemned; eccentric wheel to an obtuse angle of about 25 THE lPAtSOhN'S WIG.
Ohio, it seems to justify." degrees, an inclination which may be obviously
diminished or augmented as may be desired; the Some years..,--. N .. .. Ai,, ni cl,-. .1- t, 1m....1l.,t
Letters from Liverpool, dated September 11, rotation of the same wheel which depresses, the advanced inr years, thought proper to pn-chase a owne
Letters wig for his own use. In doing this hie consulted his own
received by the Euphrates in New York, state, inequality of its periphery, or, to express it in taste, and procured one whichlie thought becoming iis
that a report of war between England and some other terms, the wheel being narrow from the age and station. On,, 1, a1.rh;,.t wits ithe nextSab-
axis on the side where the angle is produced, and bath at church, his parishioners were surprised; andt
foreign power prevailed in that city; that Amer- broader in that which is to raise or convert the more attention was paid to thie wig, titan to the words of
ica was probably the foreign power alluded to; angle into a straight line, the end of this lever, by 'hiu who wore it. A general dissatisfaction prevailed;
S. all were displeased. Some oni one account and some on
that England could not permit Spain to cede Flo- being brought from an angle ike the elbow of the another : one thought it wantedmore curls, and others
rida to us, but must defend the transatlantic pos- human arm, to a strait line like the arm extend- less-one thought it too large, and others too small-
sessions of Spain for her ; that many continental ed, produces that pressure on the earth delivered some tliought it ought to be powdered, and others that
into the hopper, so that it at once for-ms the brick, it ought not; and as to color, one preferred black, ,no-
powers are bent upon supporting Spain, if nce and protrudes it through an iron socket, of the tier grey, and another red. O 0i.....g .. thought it was
antpotudshatheuhelrionioknot placed properly on thile _,..h.In-. r' head ; ad one
sary, against America ; that they deem it politic shape of the brick, and passes it through by the goodo.ld lahdy expressed a wish thathie would place the
to check the rapidly growing power of North same force till its delivery on the web, which back part in front, asit would then be a terror' to evildo-
America ; that the public and private credit of transports it. without any further trouble, to the. ers, and keep the playful children in order.,
the. United States would prevent us from engage. hands of the piler: the contrivance admits of By the time the evening service was ended, thediscon-
seding the bricks, as fast as thus made, to an tent had become so great, that a committee was appoin-
ing in war with any prospect of success ; that sending ast thus ade wanted to waiton the parson, and remonstrate with hin oni
ing distance ftr-om the machine where web and timber, the subject. They assured him that they felt a great in-
press warrants were anticipated in London in 10 can be carried to contaiji it in its process. terest in his welfare, and that tie complaint against the
or 12 days ; and that all the government packets It is very apparent, after once perceiving the wig was general through the parisa-that they paid him
at I- almouth had been suddenly ordered to sea. principle of action, that this machinery may be so for preaching, and therefore had an undoubted right. to
ca tk tf 'regulate his appearance; and, i,, -,, that the cause of
Our readers can take these rumors for hat they constructed as to make, by one rotator power, o wasindanger, unless lie coped with their de-
are wortith.-Fra'-ik. Gax. ten bricks at a time as easily as two ; and it is mand; which was to give up the -wig to them, ltobe altered
very obvious, that the power of four men with and shaped in such.a manner as. to give satisfaction to all
HEALTH OFFICE, BALTIMORE, OCT. 21. this machine, must exceed that of 40 i en in the his hearers. The parson was highly amused with these
ordinary way. I representations ; and, knowing all attempts at reasoning
The Board of Health feel great pleasure in be would be fruitless, determined to make his crazy congre-
ing enabled to state to their fellow citizens, that SNAKE STONES. gation sensible of theirfolly, by indulging their whims,
though it would be at his own expense. He submitted the
no case of fever has been reported for the last A singular fact is related, by an author, (Par- wig to theirr disposal,andameeting was soon called to re-
three days. From the favorable change of the kinson,) in Natural History, .-which we beg leave gulatethehead-dress of their poorpreacher. Some bro't
t i their curthng irons, some their scissors, and others a pro-
weather, andthe opinion ofa numberof respecta- to refer to the consideration of Dr. Mitchill for fusion ofppowder. Nor were they long in commencing
ble physicians who have daily attended the sick a solution, their operations-but, as no two could agree as to what
in the affected district, the Board are justified in He tells us that the country round Oxford, in should be done, and each one insisted on the right ofbe-
E ,gland, is covered with petrified snakes; and, ing suited, they fell to quarrelling among themselves, and
c a scene of upr-oar ernsued-the wig was banded about a-
concluding that, with proper precaution in venti- as Parkinstn's account of this singular pheno- imong them-the scissors aun tongs -were applied-it
lating and purifying their houses, the citizens ioay o n n a es glla o ponglilthem--- hel s scss and tort d were applied-it
eating and purifying thei- houses, the citizens tray meson tia extremely amusing, we give the fobllow- was clipped, frizzled, and snarled, andin a few minutes
return to their respective homes, with every rea- ing extracts : became a perfect scarecrow.
sonable assurance of safety. By order, 1We were within about ten or twelve miles of The wig regulators now all agreedin condemning their
P. RIGART ec' Oxford, when Wilton, looking out of the window own folly, and dispersed withishame, declaring that, as the
S, c I walk and conversation of their preacher were unnexcep-
of the chaise., exclaimed, Well, I neer saw tionable, they would no more interfere in matters in which
Extract of a letter received at Charleston, dated roads mended with such materials as these be-! they lad no concern.
Bordeaux, 2d Sept. 1819: fore !' This, of coure, drew my attention to the l The above story conveys an usefill lesson to those dis-
Our market has, in general, been dull for same object which had so strongly engaged his; contentedand restless people,who i.. -,.-. they are qual-
4Ou ti.e. ..t bas,.in g ,erol, bn u itfied to reut'tte the affairs of all their acquaintance, and
some time past. Cotton, however, took a start, and I a confident that the astonishment excited ed eace of their ne ighbours by whimsical coin-
and good samples of Carolina sold at 180 a 190,' in ry iund was but little, if at all, less than that plaints about trifles. It also furnishes a hint to those
duty paid, which are the present quotations, but 'which possessed our friend, when I beheld a la- who are continually finding fault with preachers, school-
without demand. Long staple is scarce-the no- boring m an breaking to pieces, with a large hami- masters, magistrates, and editors of newspapers, &c.
minal price is 386 a 400f. I would not recom- mer, a stone nearly circular, half as large as the .i eroidrt does rot always exactly gree with thei
mend your calculating on higher prices for the fore wheel of our. chaise, and bearing the exact
new crop, but at the same time I do not appre- form of a serpent closely coiled up. Curiosity .
hend any diminution. The first arrivals of new promlpted me to stop the chaise, and to ask the ONE H.INDRE DOLLARS RFWARI).
rice will probably bring 35f.; but, as our crops of' man the name of the stone, and where it came AN AWAY from the subscriber, living about five
grain are abundant, this price is not likely to hold from. TPhis stone, sir,' said he, is a snake miles fromWnliliams-Port, nd ten from Hlagers
-about 30f. may be calculated on. stone, and comes from a pit in yonder field where August !ast, a negro mania named FRANK FRENCH,
Government being obliged to purchase all the there are thousands of them.' 'We all alighted, aged 2? years, 5 feet 11 inches high, dark complexioned
Tobacco raised in this country, they will have no and, with surprise, examined some of the same slim and straight made bat walks considerably bow leg-
occasion for inferior qualities of foreign. At the species of stones, which he had not yet broken, gen, has a pleasant countenance an. very polite when
last sale 9000 hhds, were tendered, of which they and which, though evidently bearing the form of spoken to. It is expected he will try to obtain a pass,
and pass for a free man; it is probable lie will nmara ftor
only bought 1500, and 1400 of those were first some strange animal, were undoubtedly formed Pennsylvania. He has been brought up t,p a farm, and is
quality Virginia, at 90 a 120 per cwt. These entirely of stone." complete wagoner; he drove my team to Baltimore for
prices are likely to hold. Some small parcels of Parkinson and his companions afterwards re- three winLtel. pasl. Hads,on, when he abscon. ed, a tow
very fine Kentucky werebought at 70, duty paid tired to a neighboring tavern to obtain farther in. linen shirt and pantaloons, a grey mix-d filled linsey
There arrived lately at Havre a cargo of 380 formation respecting these stones. The follow jacket, a wool hat, and a pair of coarse sh es, naile with
hds. Viginia, consisting of 100 hds. supri, ing was related to them by their landlady: small tacks; bhut hlie will no doubt ortain other clothing.
hhds. Virginia, consisting of 100 hhds.superior, ws reted to them by ther landlady: Twenty dollars will be given for said runaway if taken
120 good quality, 72 good ordinary, and 88 ordinm- i Taking up a stone, resembling those which within ten miles of tome, fifty dollars i taken at a greater
ary, which were sold at 70 per cwt. : this price is we had seen on the road, but much smaller, this, distance and in the state, and the above r ward if taken,
considered to be at least 25 per cent. under their said she, is a petrified snake, with which this at a greater distance and out of the state, and secured in
present value : they were purchased on specula- part of the country abounds. These were,' con- any al so that get him again, ad all reasonable charg-
tion, and will be tendered at the next sale. There t tiuled she, fairies, and once the inhabitants of sept i-i-w6w
will lie a sale at the latter end of October, and' these parts, who for their crimes were changed,
another in December or January and it is proba-; first into snakes, and then into stones. There,' POSTPONED SALE.
ble a small quantity ofprime Carolinamightmeet said she, showing usa stone of a conical form, is RNT T AUCTION
an advantageous sale ; but the sale of good Vir one of the fairies night-caps, now also become W NIt th inst at 3 o'clock, p.m. will
ginia is assured, as government must have it., stone. Do, madam,' said she, addressing Emmna, be sold, in front of thie Auction and Commission
Brandy is worth at present 230, first proof, but it pray observe; is it possible that lace-wtork so Store of Tucker & Son, thie remainder of their house-
is likely to be lower after vintage, which is on beautiful as this should ever be worked by hu- iold goods, consisting of a variety of useful articles of
the eve of commencing. Cargo wines 30Of." man hands ? There, said she, are pieces of the furniture. At the samune time, will be sold those goods,
bones of giants; who came to live here when the not taken away, purchased on the7th instant, at the first
DIED, 7, 3,race of fairies was destroyed.' These bones, she pu as los -all sums under 50 cash; above that
On the 7th inst. in Princess Anne, Somerset county, 'informed us, were frequently dug up in several amount, 3 months' credit for notes with approved en-
eMd. Mrs. M A. Bnw, aged 29 years, wieof Mr. parts of the coultrv ; as well as innumerable dorsers. G. ADAMS. auct.
George Brown, of th.t place, and daughter of Captahin therbolts ; sm of hich she lso showe oct 18-
Benjamin B1irch, of this city. She was a woman possess- thunderbolts; some of which she also showed us, oct 18
ed of'every virtue that adorns thie female ruind, and has stating that these were the very thunderbolts with The above sale is postponed to Saturday next,
left a mourning husband, ai infant son, an. a long list of which these -icople were, in their turn, also de- at the same hour and place.
friends and relations to regret her untimely death. stroyed."-Pe--t. Intel, Oct 21--


Will be added to the above sale, on a credit
4 and 6 months,
3 boxes fine ticklenburgs
2 bales do do
2 do hempen do
2 cases worsted hose, assorted, some of them vw
fine black


of



ryV


dent; that the Spanish King did not in fact refuse,
to ratify the treaty for ceding the Floridas; but
suffered the time limited for that purpose to
elapse, with an understanding, or an expectation,
that the United States would consequently avail
herself of the Floridas by immediate occupation;
that Ferdinand was induced to this passive mea-
sure in consequence of the interference of the
British government, which had put in its claim
for the cession of the Island of Cuba, or for some
other equivalent, as an offset to the proposed ces-
sion to the United States.
It was extremely sickly at Cadiz when Gapt.
W. sailed.---N. Iaven Herald.

UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND.
The Medical Lectures will coimmence on the
first Monday of November.
*Anatomy from I to 2 pi m. John B. Da-
vidge, M. D
iTheory and practice of Medicine. .Vatitaniel
Potter, M D.
Chemistry and Mineralogy. Elisha De Butts,
M.D.
M.M teria Medica. Samuel BaCe.r M. D.
Principles and Practice of Surge ry, front 12 to
I p. m. John B. lDavidge, M. D.
Obstetricks, and Diseases of W\omen and Chil.
dren. Richard W. Halt, M. D.
Institutes of Physick. .lia '*.-w,.l .APDowell,
M.D.
The Professors of Anatomy, Surger), and Ob-
stetricks, have such preparations and apparatus
as their departments i.r'- Tl... ....npiete
and splendid Chemical ,,d l il,. I, ppa-
ratus, lately imported frbm, Paris and Ln.l'ton,
affords the Professor of Chemistry and Miner-
alogy the means .of treating the subject of his
course in the most satisfactory manner,
RICHARD W. HALL, Dean.
I &l,nvr.-.r, oct 20-[23]-tN20

I -CThe Rev, Thi...-i f( BARTON ivill preach at
Second Baptist Meeting House, (Navy Yard,) Tomorrow
morning, at half past ten o'clock.
Oct. 23.

lrcThe Rev Mr. DAVIS will preach at the
Foundry Chuiipl, in this city, on Sunday morn-
ing next, at 11 o'clock.
oc. 22-2t

INGLE AND LINDSLEY
P AV1],A receive in ... .*. 1 '. ;.'- tiley
L imported by the s hr 3.--, a .-,i ei- it :.n-ont-
ment of Brass and Iron- ; r... r" ; _.i., el; l-I i ;
ivory handled Knives and Forks; pyramid, Franklin
and close Stoves.
Also, a few very superb Coal Grates, some of which
are as high-priced as 110 dollars.
These goods render their assortment of Hardware
complete-all of which are offered for sale at reduced
prices.
oct 23-3t


LITERATURE LO'I TIERY, No. 2,
Will positively draw on the 18th f nicxxt month, ir. the
city of New York, and draw ,aily tiltl.completed.
The C.n.. .1 Prizes are,
I of 30,000 Dollars.
2 of 10,000 Dollars.
2 of 5,000 Dollars.
40 of 1,000 Dollars.
Besides which, here are a laTge number of less value.
Tickets onh rl 13, and shares in proper ion ; but will
advance before ir. ..r ii commences.
TICKETS AND SHARES
in the above Lotterifs, in !e ha in variety of Nos. at
ALLEN S'
Lottery and Exchange Office,
Penn ylvania avenue, aslhinigton city.
0zsA few tickets and shnies in the New Jersey Lottery
can be hal as above Price of tickets M19.
Orders bv mail promptly attended to.
oct 23-2t

CENTREVILLE ACADEMY.
/tHE Trustres of trinstitdio wish fo employ, for
the next year, a person capable of teaching the L.,,
tin, Greek and French la;'iuages, and the Natihemauics;
t., whom a salary will be given of nine hundred dollars,
payalbr! quarterly At the same time, employment wil
be giv-n in the English deIl .*rt l- ,t Wir l ,l ., -. ,itach-
ed of five hundred dollars, pAjllej[ i,.n'>:rl Ihli; best
testironials will be rere uired of capacity to tcach, and
morality ot c: aracter; none except such need apply.
Application may be made to the Secretar' until the 1st
of December, and afterwards to John K. B. Emrnry, Esq.
By order ofhe hoard:
KENSFY HARRISONi, Sec.
Centreville, Queen Ann's county, Md
oct18 [03] tD15
SALE AT AUCTION, FOR CASH-
WILL be sold, on Mondayay October 25th, at my
auction rooms, Congress street, without reserve,
for cash, the following goods, viz.
I bale assorted bonmbazetts, very fine
1 do black do do
3 do fine milled cassimeres, assorted colors
1 .0o fie cloths
I case superfine cloths, very handsome
1 do flag handk-rchiefs
I do cor s and velvets
1 do fine ticklenburgs
2 di do do
3 baes'hempen linens
1 caste black senshaws
1 do sarsoets do
1 do black stlk handkerchiefs

Will be added to the above, on a credit of 90 days,
I bale super Lonido vesting
I do super blue and black cloths, very fi ,e goods
6 pieces superfine London cassimeres
1 bale hearth rugs
1 case assorted buttons.


S oct 20U-


2 bales assorted bombazetts CANTON GOODS BY AUCTION.
2 do cloths N' IN Monday t,.-e 25th inst. .,t 10 o'clock a. m. the fol-
2 cases cotton hose 1 .wing goods, recently imported in the ship Orozim-
1 do 6-4 cambricks bo, from Canton. will be sold at the Warehouse of
1 bale red and scarlet flannels Messrs. -, D. Wichehlausen & Co No. 25, Water street,
1 do white do near t' South street, Baltimore, vi'.
Sale to commence at 9 o'clock a. m. 152 Packages of Silks;
GEO. I. GAITHER, auct. P acage of' Si
Georgetowni oct 23 2t -Consisting of
Gergetown oct 23--2t Sinchews, black, changeab e, green and blue
FRENCH GOODS AT AUCTION. Sars-iets, black and changeable
' N Saturday the 23d mist. will be offered at public Sewing Silks, black and assorted
f auction, at the stores of the Georgetown Importing Crapes do
and ixportin,-g Company, thie entire cargo of the brig 4- black twilhed Hdkis.
Elizabeth Sturges, capt. Marberry, from Marseilles, con 4 4 and 6-4 black Shawls
sisting of 4-4, 6-4 and 7-4 H(rape do.
200 hhds Claret Sper figured dkfs.
440 cases ClaretWines Figured Sarsnets do
110 do Muscat Frontignac do. Dimity Satins
40 do sparkling Chiamnipaigne do. Satin Damask
4u do Burgundy and Hermitage do. B ack Satin
20 pipes Cogn.ac Brandy assorted Velvets
210 baskets fine fresh olive oil Grey Lutestrindgs
45 boxes olives, capers I& anchovies, some of them 5800 pieces -ong and short Yell .w Nankeens
assorted ALSO,
300 bags best velvet corks, 1000 each 1700 chests and boxes fresh Teas, viz.
57 do fillberts Imperial, Gunpo der, )
10 barrels shelled Almond. Hymon, Young Hyson, TEAs
10 bales 5 And Hyson Skin t
16 do soft shelled Almonds 1900 boxes n
6 cases letter paper 40) bags SUGAR
1600 reams wrapping paper, various sizes Cassia in boxes and mats
600 boxes marbled, twice boiled Castile soap Dinner and Tea sets China
100 do whi'e do soap Table Mats Whangees, &c.
8 cases paper hangings, part velvet and sattin, Terms of sale wii be liberal, and made known at the
and rich, superb patterns time of sale.
4 cases ladi-s' Leghorn hats, assorted Catalogues will be prepared, and the goods opened for
2 do leaher and kid gloves, assorted inspection on the 23d
2 do silk. stockings do. HARtRISON & STER1'TT, Auct's.
2 do Ribbons d i. Baltimore, oct 13-[1,] -2av..-
1 do ttmille lace do. ... .
2 do Levantines and satins do. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN,
8 do double Florence do. HAT on the 8 l ust. t e "as ommnnitted to the
1 do cambricks (linen) do. .T gaoloft Frederick count, Md. a negi-, man who calls
The terms, which are liberal, made known at the time Imself Peter IV nta.r-, ag' d about years, 5 .eet 3 -
and place of sale. The sale to commence at 10 o'clodc ches high, bas los: lwo o his la er fore tect,, and has a
a. J PEABODY, auct. large sear over his left ye. Hsclthing csss ofone
SPretown, ct 19- G d.dlrab cloth coat, one pair bh'te cassirnee par.talrona, one
Georgetown, oct 19- G black and white striped watstcoat, one cotton shirt, one
FURNITURE, &c. old tfur at, and one pair of coarse siloes. Hesa-ws he isa
ON Saturday the 3d inst. -a- 11 t;'clock a. m. w11l be free man, aid is from near Snowhill, New Castle county,
1 sold, at Bates' auction store, a parcel of household Dela t are, but at one time said he belonged to a Mr. Gar-
and kitchen fir-niture, belonging to a ge tlerman leaving rot, Philadelphia, and liad about two years to ..crie. Ihe
the city-the principal part of it is new owner (if a slave) is requested to come forward, prove
oct 19 1). BtsTIS, auct. said negro, pay charge- and release him, otiferwise he
will be released agreeably o law
LEONARD-TOWN-JOCKEY CLUB RACES WVI.LJ \I 1 BEAILL Jr.
: IL commence .)it T,. d:idy ithe 2d day of Novem- Sheriffof Frederick county, -Id.


* b nor t ;leX r ,l-'A aysr acnll llac .
First day 4 miles and repeat, free for all ages.
Second day 2 miles andi repeat, free for al. ages--the
wsi..ing horse of the tirst day excepted.
We-giis agreeably to the rules of the Club, being the
same as those of thle lWai-ingion.Jockey Club.
The first day's purse wil he two 'i:rds of the subscrip-
dion, and the second day's purse lie remaining one-third
The amount of the s.b'scrlptions is respectable, and al-
ways pmnctuallly raid.
Leonard-town, oot 38-w3t


oot20-'.a8w
NOTICE.-NAVY YARD BRIDGE STOCK.
rfiMIE eighth, ninth and tenth instahIents oil the said
A St. ck, ip required to be paid on or bnfura the ?20th
day of October nuxt, to WLLIAMt P: v T It is expect-
ed the tBridge anid t oadr wil be complied by thit tine,
and it wouod be des-rabli to close all accounts against
the company immediately,
By order of the President and D:rectors.
sept 29-2awtd


PUBLIC SALE.
B Y order of the orphan's court will be sold at auction
by tlhe subscriber, on Saturday the 23d inist. at 4 o'-
clock, p. m. at Bates's auction store, all the personal es-
tate of William Gasey, deceased, consisting of wearing ap-
parel, and one silver watch. Terms, cash.
SAMUEL FITZSI`M4ONS, ad'mr.
DAVID BATES, atct'r.










THE TEMPLE OF BOUDIL.

From the Review of" bel's Journey in C(',. ,
containedin the Quarterly Review for .Januar
last, justt republished in this country.)

The following curious description of the Temr
ple of Boudh, for such this celebrated Pagud
is, was purchased in the city of Nan-King, on th
return of the embassy : it is perhaps the first au
thentic account of it that has reached Eur-e, an
we think our readers will be gratified with a vei
bal translation of the 'riginal,I for which we ar
indebted to the kindness of Sir George Staunton
Lord Amherst is said to be possessed of a mode
of this extraordinary building; which, Du Hald
says, is certainly the most solid, remarkable, an
magnificent structure in the Eastern world.' H
should have confined the remark to China, an
made an' exception of the Great Wall.'
,The Dwelling of Security, Tranquility, an
Peace.
I The representation of the precious glaze
Tower of the Tlemple of Gratitude, in the prc
Svinee of Kiang-Nan.
This work was commenced at noon, on th
fifteenth day of the sixth moon of tenth year o
the Emperor Yong Lo,* of the dynasty of Myng
and was completed on the first day of the eight
moon of the sixth year of the Emperor Siuen Te
of the same dynasty, being, altogether, a period
of nineteen years in building.
The sum of money expended in completing
the precious glazed tower, was two millions four
hundred and eighty-five thousand four hundred
and eighty-four ounces of silver. In the con.
struction of the ornamental globe on the pinnach
of the roof of the tower, forty-eightkint in weigh
of gold, (sixty-four pounds,) and one thousand
four hundred kin in weight of copper were con-
sumed. The circumference of this globe is their.
ty-six che,$ or forty-two feet. Each round or
story is eighteen che high. In that part of the
tower called the Quarig, were consumed four
thousand. eight hundred and seventy kin weight
of brass. The iron hoops or rings otn the pin.
nacle of thea ro6f are nine i number, and sixty-
three che each in circumference : and their total
weiglit is three thousand six hundred kin.
O On different parts of the tower are suspended
eighty-one iron bells, each bell i lng twelve
kin, or sixteen pounds. There are also ninmeiron
c; :ns, each of which weighs one hundred and
fifv kin, aind is eighty chdie long. The copneri
pan. with two mouth to it. on the roof,is estimat-
eda to -.eigh' nine hundred'kin, and is sixty che in
ciincumference. There is also a celestial plate
on the top weighing four hundred and ,:my kin,
and twenty che in circumference. Inmthe .upper
part of the tower are preserved the following ar-
ticles :-Ofnight illuminating pearls, one string ;
of water-repelling pearls, one string ; of fire-re-
pelling pearls, one string ; of dust-rq, -llhii
pearls, one.string ; and over all these is a string
of the relics of Foe. Also, an ingot of solid gold,
weighing forty leang, (ounces) and one hundred
kin weight of tea-of silver one thousand leang
weight-of the bright huitig two pieces, weighing
one hundred kin-ofprecious stones, one string-
of the everlasting physic-money, one thousand
strings-of.yellow satin, two piece---of the book
hidden in the earth, one copy-ofthe book of O-
mito Foe, one copy-ofthe book of She Kia Foe,
one copy-of the book of Tsic Yin Foe, one copy
.-Ill n lapped u, to'mither arid preserved in the
temple.
4 The tower has eight sides, or faces, and its
circumference is two hundred and forty che The
nine stories taken together are two hundred and
twenty-eiglht and a half che high Fronm the high-
est story to the extreme point of the pinnacle of
the roof. are one hundred.and twenty che. The
lamps within the tower are seven times seven in
number, in all forty-nine lamp dishes, and on the
outside there are one hundred and twenty-eight
lamp dishes.. Each night they are supplied with
fifty kin nireightof oil. Their splendor penetrates
upwards tob the thirty-third heaven-midway, they
shed a lustre over the people, the good and the
bed together-downwards, they illuminate the
earth as far as the city. of Tse Kee liien, in the
pro mine of Che-Kiang.
The official title of the head priest of the tem-
ple is Chao Sieu. His disciples are called Yue.
The total number of priests on the establishment
is eight hundred and fifty. The family name of
the head mason of the building was Yao; his
personal name Sieu ; and his native town Tsing
Kiang Foo. The family name of the head'-car-
pcnter was Hoo ; his personal name Chung; and
his native province Kiang See.
< The extent of the whole enclosure of the tem-
ple is seven hundred and seventy meu,II and eight
tenths. To the southward, towards Chin Van
San, are two hundred and twenty-six mou. East-
ward, to the boundary of Chin Sien Seng. are two
hundred and thirty-four meu,_ and eight tenths.
In the centre is the ground of Hoo Kin Te.-
Westward, as far as the land of She Hou Hoa,
are one hundred and twenty men. And north
ward, to the land of Lieu Sien Song,-are one hun-
dred and eighty meu.
'Viewing, therefore; this history of the Glazed
Tower, may it not be considered as the work of
a Divinity ? .Who shall perform the hlike !
SLately, on the fifteenth day of the fifth moon
of the fifth year of Kia King, at four in the morn-
ing, thire god of thunder, in his pursuit of a mon-
strousd-dragon, followed it into thistent mple,strutck
three of the sides of the fabric, and materially da-
magedt the ninth stoi'y. Butthe strength and ma-
jesty of the god"ot the temple are most potent,
and the laws of Foe are not subject to change :-
the tower, by his influence, was therefore saved
from entire destruction. The viceroy and the
fooyen reported the circumstance to his Imperial

1413 of the Christian era.
*-A kin is one pound and one third.
A che is about fourteen inches.
5 This part is obscure-and will be .better .understood
from Le Compte's description, imperfect as it is. The
top of the edifice is not the least beautiful part of thi.
tower ; it is a massy pillar,, that stands uponm.the floor of
the eighth story, aind, reaches more than thirty feet above
the roof; it". seems to be.wrapt in a large iroin hoop, of.
the same height, in the form of a screw or spiral line,
extending several fectfromthe pillar, so as toappearlike
a hollow cone, suspended in -the ai, with spaces to let


in ligltt Ot ,ihe top of this pillar is placed a golden
ball, of extraordinary magnitude.' Extraordinary indeed !
for, if the Chinese account is to, be believed, its dimen-
sions are more than twice, and, of course, its magnitude
more than four times that of the ball of St. Paul's cathe-
dral-. It would seem to be of copper, and plated with.
gold.:-Ed. Q. R?.
SI A meu is somewhat less than an English acre.
By the personification of the dragon the fotbrked
lightning would s,;;i n to be represented ; and that of the
Deity under the sound of the thunder.


- Mjecsty, and onthe sixth dgy of the second moo
of the sevcnsh year, the restoration of the dama
ged parts was commenced ; and on the nine
" tenth day of the fifth moonithe repairs were coin
y pleted.
On the twenty-ninth day of the sixth moon o
the twelfth year of his present majesty, at fourii
the afternoon,- on a sudden, there fell a heav
la shower of rain, and the god of thunder again rush
e ed forth in the front of the tower, and, penetratinE
t- the roof, pursued- the great dragon from the to;
d to the bottom. The glazed porcelain tiles of th
" sixth story were much damaged, and, where th
e god of thunder issued out of the great gate, se
3. veral of the boards taken from the wood of th
el heavenly flower-tree were broken. Thus; the go
e of the thunder, having finally driin awavy th
d monstrous dragon, returned to his place in th
e Heavens.
d THe priests of the temple reported the even
to the local authorities, and the officer Heu sub
d mitted the report to his Imperial Majesty, and a
waited the issue of the sums required to defra;
d the charge of the repairs. The gates of the tow
" er have been closed for a year, while the interior
has been repairing, "
e Deny not the presence ofl'a G,'-rd-a C,. I there is;
f He sounds his dread thunder, ;iad .Iall the world trem
-, bles.'

THE NEW THEORY.
id Fs THi ex CieNaATI sPY.

g Letter from Dr. Afitchill to Captain SyUrnes.
r New'York,19thliSept..1819.
d John Cleves Symmes, Esq.
- Sir: I owe you an acknowledgment for your
e several late communications on the hollowness of
t our earth, and its openings.at the poles. I give
- you great credit for the ingenuity and originality
- displayed in support of your hypothesis.
You must not be alarmed because I employ
* .the word ?,, ii-i.mt,:-. By it is understood any po-
s bition or point a logicianri states and proclaims his
r intention to maintain. When this is a necessary
t and undeniable :lhin:, as in the elements.ofgeom-
- etry, it is called a postulate. When it is not so
- evident, but, on the contrary, may be fairly ar-
I gued, pro and con. as in academic exercises,
they name it a thesis; and when assumed as a
I philosophical dogma, upon which men exercise
their reasoning powers, it is rightly denominated
i an hypothesis.
Hypotheses are of two kinds, correct and erro-
I neous. They are in the nature of conjectures,
which are not necessarily either true or false, but
may be one or the other, 'according to their char-
acter and value.
Theories are of different denominations, inas-
* much as they are the deductions of a rational na
tfre from acknowledged and established premis-
es. The employment of the mind in theorizing
is one of its noblest exercises. The best theorist
affords the fairest display of intellectual power in
man. In politics, in physics, and in the other de,
apartments of science.just theory, implying a per-
fect acquaintance with practice; gives most exalt-
ed views of the human understanding.
I should exceedingly rejoice that your hypo-
sis, if just, could be confirmed--either by pene-
trating the outer crust quite through, or by ex
ploring the supposed apertures within the arctic
and antarctic circles of the globe. Then you
would become one of the most profound theorists
that ever addressed a wondering people.
For the present you must rely uponi the analo-
gies'and probabilities you have stated. To those
I have expected you to add more.
In the economy of nature, the long and strong
bones of the limbs are hllow ; that is, they are
not solid bone : the like is 'true of the skull,
which is unsolid and capacious, that it may con-
tain the encephalan, or aggregation of' all the
nerves. Are the veins and arteries hollow ? It
is for the purpose of containing and conveying
blood. Are the absorbent vessels hollow ? They
.imbibe lymph and chyle. Why are the stomach
and intestines hollow ? To receive food and to
convert it into nourishment. And. for what pur
pose are the windpipe and its ramifications hol.
low ? What, but to allow azote, and perhaps oth-
er matters, to enter the circulating mass, and car-
bon and other substances to escape.
The feathers of birds are the most remarkable
examples that I recollect of hollowness, combine
ed with strength and the saving of stuff. T'he pith
passing through the barrel, like an axis, carries
'the vital fluid from one end of the cylinder to the
other, from the wing -to the plutile.
Among mineral bodies, hollow bodies, called
geades, frequently occur. They consist, usually,
of a number of concentric layers or circles, form-
ing a crust or tegmen, the inner surface of which
is beautifully studded with crystals. In-my ca-
binet there are several such, lined with splendid
amethysts. Sometimes there are loose nodules
within them
Eggs, now and then, contain other eggs, exhi-
biting a shell within a shell. One of my neigh..
bors, a few months: ago, brought a small hen's
egg, that was found in the middle of a large one,
but no bigger than the common size. Since that
i have become the proprietor ofa goose egg con-
taining another egg. These are still in my pos-
session. The egg, you know, lhas been called a
microcosm, or little world," and not without rea-
son.
I fear I am troublesome to you ; yet I could
not forbear to state a few examples in which na-
ture forms hollow spheres, cylinders, and ovals,
instead of solid ones. A leading object, or, as
the philosophers term it, a final cause, seems to be
economising material, or saving the stuff.; and, it
our planet is a spheroid of solid granite, gneis,
loadstone, or any other mineral compound, the
internal or central parts would appear, at least to
a superficial observer like myself, a great waste of
stuff. Go on, and prosper! so writes your well
wisher, SAML. L. MITCHILL.

FaiDONIA, N. Y. OOTOBEi& 5.
A pumpkin vine grew on the farm of Mr.
Jeptha Edmands, of Hano.ver, in this county, the
present season, which measured from 18 to 23 in-
ches in breadth, on which were upward of 2000
pumpkins this beats Onondaga all hollow.

DAN.'ING.-A tCAIHI.


P L. DTPORT takes the opportunity of acquainting
9 the parents and guardians-of the young ladies, that
his room, at the corner of 12th'street and t'ennsylvaiiia
avenue, is now ready for the reception of his scholars,
who are requested to meet on Saturday next, precisely at
4 o'clock, p. i. to choose days and hours for the regu-
lar attendance of their class. "
Oun Tuesday next. the 26th inst. Mr. litport's class of
young gentlemen w il. lease to meet at 7 o'clock in the
evening, at the above roorp, -
oct 21-3t


n AMERICAN COLONIMATION SOCIETY. rToh r pus xto xo sTABV smr. 7 .
-- There appears to be a gradual, and what we
From the Missionary, printed at lMount Zion, Ga deem highly probable, approach to war between
- In aformernumber of the Missionary, we have the United States and Spain- Should the misun-
noticed the American Colonization Society," derstanding come to an absolute rupture, it is
)f and endeavored-to show the probable influence next to certain that, without the intervention of
n which its efforts, in connection with other caus- other powers, it could not last long. An old,, de-
y es, would have upon Africa Our impressions crepid, worn out, and vicious government, attenu-
- upon this subject are strengthened and confirmed ated by luxury and idleness, could stand up for a,
g by the information which is daily received from moment only against a young, a vigorous, a tem,
p i that at present important portion of our globe.- operate state, which seems to want nothing to make
e There is, however, another point of view in which it flourish universally, but a sufficient quantity of
e the subjectbcconie still more intricsitii., to the the precious metals, as a ciirulatini mnldmum, to
c- itizenu.n o the Urnited "iraes. The professed ob- quadrate with its surprisingly rapidc increase of
e jects of the Society are to improve the present trade and commerce; and that, we predict, 'they
d, unhappy and degraded conditirri -,iifh free peo- will not be long without, if they come to blows
e pie of color, to relic,, our country from an .in- with old Spain. For, as such a warfare cannot
e creasing and dangerous burden. aind to afford to but be highly promising to the South American
those who deitce tL, aii oppOr'tuinn of emancipat- Patriots, these will not fail to assist and second
it ing their slaves, without endangering the peace the views of their neighbors and :hllI:-. in every
- of community.. A slight attention will evince way possible. The sharing the produce, of the
- that all these .,bjecis are hi.gl.) important, mines of Mexico and Peru will give to the New
y Some jealousy ol tlie designs of the Society and United States of America all that rational
- has been felt and expressed in this part of the men in a state of polished 'society can wish for. It
r Union; while our northern brethren have assert is now almost a certainty that the beloved Ferdi-
ed that it has been instituted solely for the benefit nand has set his face against the treaty; he must
of the southern section of the United States', and therefore expect some very extraordinary coun.
- that neither they, nor the general government, tenancy from one or more of the courts of Eu-
ought to contribute foi- the furtherance of its ob- rope, or his majesty and his whole council will be
jects. In our opinion, this jealousy is altogether suspected, not merely of fanaticism, but of down-
unfounded, and we believe that all parts of our right insanity. The Floridas are already in the
country are interested in promoting its success, hands of the Americans What force, and what
and.that it is entitled to all the aid and patronage time with any force, will the dispo;= ,ung them
which the government can afford. of their prize take ?
The- S....I'-', S as no established for the pur'
pose of effecting a gr,,rjal emancipation ofslaves.
It. will not interfere with the rights of individuals PROSECUTION OF SIR F. BURDETT.
f to private property, secured to them not only by LONDON, AUG 24,
the laws of the State in which they live, but also A message was on Wednesday week sent'to
by the laws of the United States. fThis is foreign Mr. Brooks, of the Sntand, the Secretary of the
to their association, and above the power of any Westminster committee, d siding his imme'liate
authority known in oar country, and will be per- attendance at the offi e of th. Hom Departient.
- mitted to iret u here the Constitution of the Unit- Mr. Br6oks accordingly repair ed thi.,tt. and v :,s
ed States hai Ift ,t, in which slavery is express- introduced into a room, a here lie found Lord
ly recognized. It proposes to search out and Sidmouth, the A (torty General, the Chance loh-
transport to their native country those who may ofthe E- iquie-r, andI-omc other me i ofth
be ille-,al\ impoltn.., .., this' ; to tle peopl.. of administration, seated in c -,sulti. n. T he AI-
color who arenowfree, to those who ,at b -li .-I torny General' Biooks, I. e he sentfor
rated by individuals, or who may be emancipated. yo in consequence o a letter which h.is appear-.
a by the laws of-any particular State, it intends to ied in the public papers, as to the late transactions
offer a country a,'d a home, where they may for- at Manchester, si.. n.d, Frncis Bur .tt.' \.. .
get, their present d ra-.ltion, and rise to their it to you that letter .. aId, e i.ed I' Mir. Brooks--,
proper standa-rd in the scale of intellectual beings. j Yes., Attorney Gen'eral .Have you got ti.'
Here are objects presented which ought to corn- original letter ?' Mr. Brooks-' May I be per-
mand the apcprcbatii,, of all and to accomplish mitted to ask.the purpose of the enquiry ?' At-
Swhich, the eu'ta of the patriot and the Christian tourney General-' The letter is a seditious libel
are ails. rten.-i led. and our purpose is' to prosecute it. \V ii you give
It is generally admitted that justice and policy up to us ?' Mr. Brooks--, I am not at the
are both at present opposed to the emancipation present moment prepared to say whether I will
of slaves. hei c ii would not thereby be or not. I should like a little time to advise on the
improved; and by -it a dangerous burden would subject.' The counsel consulted together. The
be thrown upon community. Before such an e- Attorney General-' Will you be prepared to give
vent can take place, they are to be prepared for 'an answer to morrow ?' Mr. Brooks-' I should
freedom by education, by the instillation of new like to have till Friday.' Attorr,.:v General-
habits and new principles, and before such a pe- Well ; on Friday, Mr Brooks, we s-alll expert
riod can arrive, the people of this country are o your answer.' Mi. Brooks then withdrew. Mr.
be brought to consider. them as. entitled to equal. oBrooks having written to Sir F. Burdett an ac.
rights and, privileges: It is doubted whether such count of the proceedings of .the Privy Council,
a preparation can ever be made. In those parts with regard to his letter to the Electors of West-
of our country where slavery is not permitted, the i minster, the Baron has come forward 'in ,he nomt
people of color are a degraded -:id despised part candid and manly way, and avowed hirnself the
of the population, and their freedom can hardly author. On Mondoha the Secretary of Satte rre.
be considered as a blessing. They are an isolat- ceived the following letter : -
ed race of beings, condemned by their ignorance .ottebrook, .1 1819.
and by 11 ii r:tible prejudices to the most menial. My Lordr : Hearinp yourLordsh!.p 1- i.cJ.-.d .o '1, -
and servile employmenats. With nothing before gentleman through lt% :-; I. ... :- di.... .lie Ll,..
them te.excitc- to emulation, or prompt to indus- tors of Westminster u%, tr.,.,at., tio. e iniwsp..,.et..e
try,it is rare -that any of'.them become respected to give up the author; and had,'at the -a, i lin,'e iiii-
Sted that a refusal w.tvold subject him, as well as the edit-
or acquire property ; on the contrary, a consider- os of the papers, to a.Minister; ipi ,s ', ;.. I take the
able proportion of them, enervated by sloth, and liberty, in order to save your I.,.l. | i.-ti,,. trouble,
vice, become the inmates of Poor-houses, Gaols, and aiso the gentlemen ahbovenientiotned an unjust pros-'
and Penitentiaries. It is true, that, of late, Chris- ecution, to inform your lordship that I am the author of
tian benevolence has produced vigorous efforts the. Address in question; and, moreover, to assure your
n n n ha p g efforts' Lordship that, although pennedin a hurry, and under
to instruct and reclaim them ; but these efforts the influence of strong-y excited, feelings, l can discover
are. paralize.d by the well founded conviction they nothing in it, on re-perusal, unbecoming the character
entertain, that they never can possess the same of an honest mian and an Englishm:n. e
rights and privileges which are generally enjoy- I remain yourlordship's most obedient and very huim-
ed by the citizens of the United States. It is from ble servant, FRANCIS BURDETT.I
the. exertions of the.l ineric ,n Colonization Soci- Lord on id
'ty that relief can be. expected for this description
of persons. To these people it will furnish the OF SPONGES.
means of going to the country of their ancestors,
-will bestow upon them lands sufficient for their Although there are few articles in more corn-
subsistence, wilh afford them. the means of educa-. mon use than the sponge. yet it is one of those
tion. and the blessings of Christian ins-ruction. the natural history of which has much perplex-
There are many who now retain their slaves ed the naturalists. We have been led to notice.
from motives of humanity, and who would gladly this marine substance from observing it recoin-
embrace the opportunity. of giving them their mended in the cure of poisonous wounds.
freedom whenever. .it could be made beneficial Many ofthe ancients, even in the time ofAris-
to them. It would, under present -ircumstatces, totle, believed in the vitality of sponges, from
be the part ofwisdcom in the slave to 'refuse his having perceived a particular motion in thei- st,'-
freedom from a kind master, rather thap to risk stance, as if from shrinking, when they tore them
his chance of success in a prejudiced and un- off the rocks. This -opinion of their possessing
friendly world'; and the master who- might wish a degree of animal life was also entertained in the
to reward the fidelity and attachment of his sei'- time of Pliny ; but Count Marsilliappe'ars to have
vant, would confer but' a miserable boohn by been the first who confirmed the opinion by ob.
thr'o\ ini him at larte upon community, and ex- serving, on their being taken out of the sea, a sys-
posing.h1im'to the craft and cunning of the.wick- tolic arid ,li:-,tolic ni.ti .i-, in certain little round
ed and designing. holes, which lasted until the water they had con-
It is said, however, that the Society cannot tained was quite dissipated.. Mons Peysonell
succeed in accomplishing any of'its objects. We supposed sponges to have been formed by cer-
entertain a very iiiii iit opinion, and' believe tain worms, which inhabited the labyrintlihean
that a plan ot so much benevolence will not be windings ofthe sponge ; and believed, that what-
permitted to fail. Thle Sogiety was formed, and ever life was found in these substances, existed in
its operations are now conducted, by some of the these worms, and not in the substance of the
best and most enlightened men of our country, sponge, which, he was'convinced, was ah inani-
It ranks in importance, with the Foreign Mission mate body. This point was, however, deter-
Sand American Bible Societies, and like them, is mined by Mr. Ellis, who, in a letter to Dr. Solen-
calculated to do great and-extensive good. A dIe, relates the observationswhich he had made ;
Goa of unbounded naercy and benevolence will by which he ascertained, that these worms, which
smile upon all the disinterested efforts that are he found in the sponge in great numbers, were a
madeto promote the happiness, of his creatures, very small kind of nereis or sea scolopendra ; and
arid is, as we firmly trust, through the instrumen- hat they were not the fabricators of the sponge,
talityof this and other Societies, preparing the but had pierced their way into its soft substance,
way for the usheringin of the millennial day. and niade it only their place of retreat and secu-


BALTIMORE, OCT. 19.
The repeated frosts which have occurred with-
in the last ten nights, some of them so severe ab
to cause the water in a bucket in the open air to
be covered with ice, have produced the effect
which has constantly been predicted by all our-
physicians ; not a single new case of fever was
reported. to. the Board of Health of this city f ir
twenty-four hours ending this morning. The
progress of tne malignantt fever on Fell's Point
may therefore be considered as arrested ; altho'
several deaths may be expected among those who
are yet suffering under the disease.

NEW-YORK, OCT. 18.
Our readers will learn, with much pleasure,
that no case of malignant fever has been report-
ed for nearly a week.,


rity. Upon examining, in sea water, a variety of
the crumb of bread sponge, the' tops of which
were full of tubular cavities or papillo, he could
plainly observe these little tubes to receive andh
pass the water to and fro ; so that' lhe inferred,
that the sponge is an animal sui generis, whose
mouths are so many holes or ends or branched
tubes, opening on its surface ; with these, lie sup-
poses, it receives its nourishment, and dischar-
ges, like the polypus, its excrements.
Mr. Ellis also discovered,that the textureis ve-
ry different in different species of sponge : some
being composed wholly of interwoven reticulated
fibres, whilst others are composed of little masses
of straight fibres of different sizes, from the most
minute spictulo to strong elastic shining spines,
like small needles of one third of an inch long;
besides these, he observes, there is an interme-
diate sort, between the reticulated and the finer
fasciculat-1 hinds, which seem to partake of both
sorts-.. :'t:.rmrg In'e!.


IN CHANCERY.
Charles County Court, August Term, 1819.
Richard B. Gardiner,
IgnatiusF. Gardiner and wife,
John H. Hardey, & Richard I
B. Hardey. J
T HE object of the bill filed in this case is to record a
deed executed by John F. Hardtley to Henry Gardi-
ner, on the 25th of December, 1802, for certain tracts or
parcels of land, lying in Charles county, the same being
the land that John F. Hardey purchased from Trueman
Carter, Jesse Carter, and. William Wilson Thomas: ai)d
afterwards purchased by sai4 Henry Gardiner, late of said
county, deceased, the father of the complainant; the bill
siat e, that the ~ai'l J hn Fr .,',: ll.ii J is since dead,
les ing the heeV 1 .1 ng hen I ..tatives, to wit:
l]:,r C lho) ritcrniarinie .. i, i ti Semrites,ofthe
I. -nict of l oinmb,a. M i D vluho irwermarried with
In,i,,iii|P. F r.Gard r of I'iiii' G-.r ''.i county; John
H llai td!v anid Ilchlard II Harcl. tc itn% o last mention.
cJ, are m nurs, aid iie in 'l'iei I-- courity; the said Ed-
a-. i S rmrin ...:. \far C'. if,, reside in the D altr.ct
of Coblumbia, and 'he said Ignatius F. Gardiner aid Mlar'.
D. his a ite, re ..Ie in Prince C GL.rie's com.nt.
Whereupon, it is ordered b iLb court, ithait "ii no.
twice oe published in some one tlthe new, papers publish-.
edin the city of Washington, once a week Ibr the space
of three months, no.ilying the ,-.d defendanis of the fil.
ing of this bill, and warning them to be and appear be-
fore the .J .dges of Cl..io; county court, sitting as a
Court of Equity, on til utid Monday ot March next,
en li r in proper person or by attorney, to shew cause, if
.any they have, why a decree should not pass as prayed.
I 'Test, JOHN BARNE', Clerk.
'.c" 2 w3mrr
VALlUABLE LAND FOR SALE.
IPURSUANT to a decree of the Superior Court of
LChancery for the district of Fredericksburg, in Vir-
ginia,.the undersigned commissioners will proceed to
,sell, at public at' 'ion, .,nn I crelit l'one .-o, & hrae
years, at Midrlebwj, ii ;e ,...r, ul Loiudon, on "I iiurs-
day the 1St- day -,I N..n .nihr n. ..i, tour lthiusand acres
S.fL rid, lying in the neighborhood of Middleburg. The
whole land is of that quality termed plaister land, and
susceptible of high improvement by the use of it. The
whole wiil be laid.out into small tracts, of from .two to
three hundred acres each, and sold in separate tracts, to
suit purchasers. li he whole is well watered, and no
.country it more healthy. Capt. Pickett, who lives near
the haid, a.,.- I .n is employed to make a survey of it;
awid (lr. sorTr,n.,-i, who is the agent forthe collection of
the rents, will shew the land-to thase who may be inclin-
1ed 1. purch-lie B0 ,l1 ,ii -c,. uitil and a i'.ed ,f.trust
tI1 Oil 'ich l.i, will hie i ,-1..-i l t le ptielr,-i .r.; .
JOHNN LIN IoN, u'
JOHN GIBSON,
P.i-ILIP H&RIISON.
aug 20-ts -
0 "'1 The editors of lie p:iptri published in Alexan-
dria. Leesb' rg. an.- ,ii n li.c..ir, l.11 publish 'he .boe
until thfie di: of ale: and send their ;il to P. Harrison,
I' | r" 1 .' -" tf* .. I. ,.: hit .
A ALLt'1ILL MILL FURi -.LL.
0 kN the 13th day. ofNovember next, by virtue ofa deed
11 of rust, to satisfy the CoL..J.:-. i rein contained, w;11
be positively sold to iti. hi,,h -' t.idd.r, ...n 6, 12. l,:anj
24f months credit, L'.r -ai -.. .'l endorsed negotiable
notes, with a deed of truitst to secure the payments, th4
unexpired term of. that valuable Manufacturing. Mill,
lately built on lease by Mr. John Osborne, on the Appa-
matox canal, in -the town of .Petersburg. There is.18
years of said lease to rutn roin the 25tli of December
next. This Miii is, in every respect, wellconstructed
and built of the best materials, has- ive pair 51 feet burrs,
with all-necessary machinery c.nrnplete, capable of mak-
ing 100 barrels of flour per 1l, ; .:c ..i.-r > heels are
15 feet diameter, under 31 to 4. feet water, making in all
'bout 20 feer head and fall;i the i.uuucs are.66 by 48 feet,
four stories high, of stone ,,d Lb. k, built in'the most,
permaneilt manner and covered with slate. "The sale
vill take place on the piemn'-e, 1 12 .o'clock, and the
lep-ie vill be then e ltiibit l, it mt a be fIulli under-
t,iid. JuIiN .iLLIlION. 'I lustee.
Peiersburg, sept 21-[25]--ts'
A FAII FlrA, S.ALE.
r'SfHE .ubzcril-er, designing to reniove to the; western'
cournr. .ti-..- for sale the farm on which he lives.
I I -. tract contains 889 acres; it lies undulating through-
w.ir, with: the. ,: -'pi.ti i" ithe meadow, which is level.
I he pr.\ p..rtmiin or u o-..Jland is' ample sfficientfor all
p,.-Ip.1,14. rI'e arable lan.i o'jn-iss of four productive
:fields, centering on a lot of 1: .': r-. n I. Inch t-L build-
ings and orchards are piiaced; the orchards are of select
fI",i' t, p,..l .,,[ib-:v s,pear-.ps'',ehz3, reictarines, plumbs,
J 11ii n a-rI- ctlri r.L ; 'a u .'CAJoi cCi.ininiig lioni .'J to
Ilu acre., and three other enclosures" of from 40 to 60
acres-water in all.. There is a good dwelling house,
lately 'built, 44 by 38 'feet, two stories high, four rooms
on each floor, four in the cellar and two in the garret,
and other necessary buildings.
This farm is well adapted to the growth of Indian corn,
wheat, rye, oats, tobacco and grass; it yields productive
crops of all; and perhaps there are few farms in this sec-
tioin of our state which afford a more .comfortable resi-
dence, or offer more eminent advantages to the faraer,
planter or the grazier. It lies on Jonah's Run, in Cul-
peper county, Virgirna,. within.four miles of the- court
house, aod 33 of Fredericksburg. The neighboring ma-
nufacturing Mills lie, one within 4, one within 6, one
within 9, one within 14, one within. 15, and one within
22 miles, for the most part in the direction of Fred-
ericksburg
Western-lands, situated in a suitable 'part of the coun-
try, will be taken in part For further terms,, apply to
the subscriber on the ph.ce.
WALTER. C. WINSTON.
Auburn, Va. oct 12- [16]-w2n .
STEAM MILLS FIOR SALE.
Y virtue of a deed of trust, executed by B. and John
y1 ilelsey to me, for the purposes therein specified, I
shall proceed to sell, on the second day of November
next,; 30 days from to-day) at Matthews Court House;
Matthews county, Vir'ginia, one-half of a Steam Saw Mill,
situated in said coanty,.and on Queens creek-fbr read/
mntev.
1 I,. ,WMills are of a ten-horse power, and drive two
saws and' apair of stones. The' entire establishment is
about two years old. The, navigation to the Mills, by
the way of the Pianketank,.is only about six miles from
the Chesapeake Bay ; and the site thliy occupy is in the
midst of floe timber.
This property is certainly very desirable. A ready
and convenient market offers for the lumber at Balti-
more, Norfolk, Alexandria, Washington iand Georgetown.
A. G. CUSHMAN,. Trustee,
Matthews Court tHouse, oct 2-[4]-eots
ONE HIIUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.
SAN AWAY from the subscriber, ivi::g near Rlock
ville, Montgomery county, a young n'gro man,
called iHORACE, ag>d about 24 or 25 years; he is un-
commonly black, very lively in .his walk, and remark-
atbe fi.' h'. ry st-aiglit, having fine shoulders, and
being i 11 ,i,..' lie has a small permanent ridge of'
esi across hs nose, ard one of his insteps, iis s believed,
has on it a scar. Hie has been accustomed to wait in the
house, and can drive a carriage. For the last few ears
he has worked on hlie plantation. Hlie is well acquainted
in St. Mary's, Charles, Prince Ge rge's and Washington
counties, and li-as relations :tt WVrliam Hebb, Esq.'s, Wal-..
ter Dorsey, Esq.'s, and Mr. IFrederick Lindenberger's,.
and a wire at Mr. Geoige Taber's. I will give a reward
of fort' dollars for apprehending liini, if caught within the
state of Marvlaiid, tiyiv dollars it in the D:strict of ColumBI
bia, and one'hundred'dollars if out of lie staoe.
'RICrIAIt- B. DORSEY.
r"'The Torch Light, IIagerstown, will insert the above
for one month, and send his account to this office.
oct '21 -.. t
S...... EDWICK'S S. M I1N' stT.RY,
\V'ear tihe 'hvy hard gate.


"'T HE subscriber returns his sincere thanks to his
. friends and the.public for the very liberal encourage-
ment afforded him since his coininemcenmetit in this city.
His seminary continIues to prigiress with regularity and
good order. A Lady of approved abilities has recently
been engaged, who now assists in the females' depart-
menit. The terms are moderate; and every reasonable
exertion will be used to render the institution respecta-
:le. WM. SEDWICK.
N. 1I: A few scholar's could be boarded, on reasonable
terms. oct 18-3t