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National intelligencer
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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00020
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: April 24, 1819
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00020
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text






?- .L it


Zvo. 2Z.FC39


W i R i' -- .*.. TO THE EDITORS. kind. The truth i that wien :he banks otopt
Spa iti-lt, at the conmmencetiint of the late
Gentllis:en: Your old correspondent Home, '.-r, specie dIisappea :ied, as if v m;nagi, in one
S.. w'' '' ho generally crnes out liuithe frogs in ',print-, di It did not o aboiad; it dii t t take ti, ils'
l. etY s 1 has, in your paper of Wcdnesd.ad, ieni:c.ed hl, h c'. on Lh.' i.liiita, anrd I' b tihc. ui .'bi..t t
attacks upo,) specie, aid demonstrated .hi s:r- p'i of the alIth ; but it \,lit into 1 ,,c stioiD-
city of paper money, because it ctcns certain b-.i\es Cl the t.:tLioua, pru'icniand '..u iplol.l.
........ .. banks in Ohio have only aboutihlirc'e ilnc-a', ma. mcli lIit: t ,ill remains, aind will .dmnain till itb .pu-
'A Co-:U so.AL EE rio-.--Rob'r paper in circulation 9i the amount i! *.,,.:.:i:- in i '.. i and ira-.c'.l repr'esct-atiii'. rlappler., or is
V. Ga. CO. -c io Li their vLaults Ii. ,, _.t ,It hin proper boio i .t .ill then ,romc
a. t".*..t is rI-t I-md without psion ro Aftr dispose thi msis of pap .ount- i ain. An rely up..n s-, .g'ntlcmn.n, that
the C.rampe DitU'it r. c d 3" ing to above eleven hoiidi cd tlhuu-aid dul- tin ri mumcrt men tradt, as thought to do, oni
In'Campanipb.ll.on"y, Mr.T -" rc l"ar's,in Various ways, Homo divides the cmnraii- th ir- own capitals, and pet e, iI ,eiocral,
voIn HaI Mr. VatSweItingnreceiv- der among the people olf Ohio, and linds, t 2- p. ,,r,d oily uhat is their o ,I, ,v shll hav. all
1i Hr vt', M r 5. H ishirecoun- mounts to a dollar and a lall per head, ulhich h. th, ,.eci ne-.: .su to the -.rCd a dcl:,,id, ol
'd i3 vote; Mr. tColto 55. Hampshire coun- says is little enough for marketing 2,,d ,.t,,:r dail ,r d:..Lv oc,:ca .... This i -I all i .. '. v ,
The) .lic r i lecs ion e bnoy to *be re- tccasion-,'. He then proc eeds to si,. tl.:. if this ..,It n.,c. for "-i-aird, Lt nrIe ::,. ,i, all a110, ( t.n
I ecte. To s ete changes ma.dea thenames paper m oncy were t withdrawn from cl ulatinn, do, ,i' iltiphicd lto ntiniitv lui t. value Uill al-
fcte Members frm tme change Districts in the there wouldbe hle.s ithana dollar a head of .pc.ci., n..\* dininh ii, proportion to its q..atity.
SMembers rm the sae Districts in he adnitting the popul.tuiron ,f( )lio tu ar,tiOrt it o i :L:., I.ei. : .ro:*.obc .r,.it i t,
Cst Congress art anieI e.. ,- five hundred thousand. Hit, d(Iducrionr, r..r,, ilhcc t.\ liL !L- I ;t<
SXTrE.NToTH .O.S Fi ^.rT'-rr CtbGss. f pctsist th ,th copldr, -.aire,.t p*',,. er.,ci-., .-. --. --..
?,* ,". t. ... i-. .. ; .t' .idle a d' tsnfowu'tdtid e that. e imust h-iC iori, [,;..r i., T, i-e. ih ,t oi,,.
,on'r Floydw B instead of less*'ofthatinvalhiable specific ; and, iI, i',ees al jDireto'.. J-if ,Bnd.
.Tolit Flod John Floy shorthat we must co6ue, aippo ;c, toa rlehear- Gr.e IL, :.
S: S. Gari'lt Robert S. Garnett: salof the plasant farce n.., p.,rfiormnin%.-l ill Itr.,: -i t.ii .Li CaLte rIi.-, ,
James Johnsont James Johnson venture to y for tle isa' thin dtiaii>i n oeaih tru l m n -t, .ind -..- ]t td ..... 1, i
eintlamr M Cot a) Tthe i --li Of -.1 t:i 1t., n n1.Ii
Stl,/, o,' William MCoy ;n England-namely, hlie '-, cr .'.' ''l 1 ctirng thrae o)i| li, dn tin'.,. tli, it h
GhurlesF. ./.Ur,',. ri Charles F. Mcircr the bank.' fr'onm doing wha t they have it riot I, lattio and capittal aurneit wih .ti' .t, rs,
Hugh sron HughNclson .their power to perforn-rro-ni paying specie- IiiditV. ou L hop,- d to pay the e'xpie t.e of ti"
Thorns ,dy twton Thomas Newton %thkhit seems, the honest roguett arecso anxot t..ihment and t(o g,.d divdrt t f,...t
famesPleasant:s JarIn Pr:,atsh to do, that it requires a ll h, dead a,'ight of -Mr. discourts and i','m the intc c;t on no .t ,s,:,.
Ralard '. :B allard Sith Vansittart to) hold them b.,Il.. he order ta mohcrnment t o su .
Jar..d H illams H. St. Geo. Tucker O ^ h*e order eL ,govcrnmnent to rC-suC, si-,,-'I
J' i ittms' H. St. Geo. Tucker Obviously shallow arid unsulst riiai as are th'e t i cents was 'obeye and a rpeci i ,s oih i ..
Joint Tjil John Tyler basis and superstruLture of Homo's calculation voti have reduced your discounts ii c al'l i
The Districts remainingto be heard from are and conclusions, t secens necessary to keep a ou r du otcs the distre discounts, ad thc rallJ t
those which were i pI>.ented in the last C n- ee upon him. Reiteration is often'mistakenfor aour not, bu; the d ist ress -occa ibtrid tlrclit i
gress by Messrs. Austin, Ball, Biowell, Col e, ew at ,-nment, and siltic.: I;, cot,s action. Th .it iiti the peui -. attached .e the tail .r.- -
Lewis, T. M. Nelson, Pindall, Pegram, S v th, bject o'1 a paper c 1 '. has b~atta ietentional. ,:, ed ithe tar. s with spe.:,t
ad Strother. .a& in, i e f pape rcm i,, i b,-o intentional J.c ,.-,in V,1I ,S wVith sp,2 ;e.
and Stiothe lyv involcd n obscurity, li,,ii t.: pi,,l has, suf- CnkrupItiC hlave cornmICe:ed, inriIuI,, 1'1LI
"f- ~erel, and stfering bru'gs c, miction. The peo- nkah
Stock.-United States 6 per cent. stock of the pie heg n to understand thiIgame ofitaxing the p.\-lati towns is paralyzed, tt hundred' ol d: .-
loan of 1815 (the t desirable. becauselastre- many for the benefit of a few, and it is probable tr T h fVn i they-t a rillect from t, c -
deemable) is quoted, in Philadelphia, on the 1, hd will not relapse into their delusion, unless again, .- ',,,itut'., .. *. cont erici ito speci, fihr i.,,
instant, at 1011 per cent.-and United States led by the imperceptibleweb of interested sophis- t,, ,I,is,anrl dr'ius ou aggr.i jte yourtdilli -tk,
Bank Stock at pr(cis-ly thie same rate. try. It behoves.us, then, to keep an ye ul),1 1, hi ant unforeseen drain.
such writers as our worthy friend Homo,) whose numeirou* avs I hav,. demonstrated h.t
SAMUEL H. HARPEBR, has been appointed doctrines are S., tnischievous that even-his weak iei Luanot coinitad a suffice icy ofspeie,,, i, ,
Clerk of the District (Cout of the United St-t '.~~Lthodl of supporting them ought not to ensurI L,:ii,! an a Iti,:! o c, mmcrc,-..,ought n..,s r t.t, hr
for Louisiana Ditilct, irn the place of Richard liir tul-rati'on. For this reason I will make a t.e0 reprcsnLtaiiett o all oh pirovlit), -s i .'
few observations on his last piece. They h, I:,all u mu.t ac.line in value ttcn the loi :,.r dil
urn, dcsd. e as short as possible, although, as Iomo says,. rinihcs. It is, howet c r, in ,in at thi. icrsis, to
The Potorimac Fisheries for Shad and Herrin.I, The sprligen-lit ens. and affords you,during the l.,k b ,ck, ,nor ca,, ,n adcqi,te ,remedy ,, p-
are \cry productive rthis season. Shad have b. eitrn 'ec s of C gress, a vacantspace now 1,d tli-i, ,.d till th.i: mi, nt-di of Co:t.'..
5old,at the lar.ding.at :as low a price as threedol- foryour old correspondent." e O.ir iI.- ,LII'ns :re doubly I','-riih ; Fi., L b
lars pie hundred. II.3liomo aecns to thirk that, ai',o tl, arnmcr -dd. n cui iailt-,erts ; and, buiidly, Ly a l1l1 of'
A Shad sias caught in the Delaware, near of Ohb, hiich is almost exclusively, or ought to pic oi, domestic produce sent abroad. Our
Trintnon, a few days ago, which weighed fourteen be, an agricultural state, every man, woman, and ,merhamic3 cannot be empl6od fIr wait of cui-
vouo,,lh and a quarter, and measured tiwo tcl child, inust have mone to go to murke t u ith. No, relr v to rp.ay l.t ;; ,ut ou' 4aG,keper.. ai,,,t
eight itches in length. gentlemen, every man, ttoman, aye, and child vell their -.et ( s .,r ov.r dblt due, a .
too, e::c.tpt Homo, who has ever" lived in that p,.rtion of notes in circul-.l, 1. C rettinL to
i or-I.. ep.ponder,, OBSF.RVT.P ,.l .. ., in thi. Or<;,,- country, ki,otw % ery tell that the farmer goes to .:'esta. .
- '..:- ----.--......*.- '._ .-i_,.--'-aket Wihil.lij5'roelice. int %with hislmolc.v. .-l> '" H.. ,I i. r i -
by r.,l..lt -n of his conmunicauon has rnot beft. doul ht trade is simply nirter, n ,usTaii \l ,I ,-- a-'I i-- -- i
r ,-.- O f r i, f I I: IU C l i l a .Iit.'S 1 i l l I T nl \
-"* _exceptions orcur', the fiarier generally ,has a ba- ,juy to i r ss l .
lanceto cwh sct it'no5zilarenoe1e01,w
In Enlani, the law does not disdain to reach lancein his flavor, and carries home money with prrary C:T.. .ehnt to avert irl ,,, .,:- .1 on
die petty o ces InNorwich, in En h I loso c s hat very little circu- to thousand,, permit me to s.,. t-t t. .u
i .r,., Sun Hu, dairy maid, wSi- convicted of lacing medium is necessary in the country 'amonir ,.,,i.ible u.;, .ich must. p.ly ie plat .f
ilullv neglecting to milk her masters cows in farmers,; and it is a notorious fact, that this class promissory notes, as you reducithe quantity of
a proper manner. After the cows were turned of.pple have always been most happy, and ince- the latte r i i ulation.
out oie morning, it iuas discovered that they had penent an virtuous, when money was scarce, The community will be c .iftil for this, and
not b-'rn properly milk d; they were again taken and every thing else plenty. the government must also rjoice at any measuirc
up and milked, when six pints of milk were taken )ur own experience has brought home *this which can prevent calamitic otherwise unavoid-
from one cow. She was committed to the House salutary truth that the more paper money able.
of Correction for one monhi. A slave who had have in circulation, and the more banks we ar I need not explain how tkse.receivable notes
been convicted" ot a like ol-ence in this country, blessed with, the greater is the scarcity of money will operate, as you are so fully masters of the
would probably.have been admonished to take that is, the greater disproportion i there be- subject. Your credit cannot be injured, ncr can
better care for the future. He would at least have tween the supply and our actualor artificial wants. you be censured, unless by estrers, &8c.
'been deemed.a cruel master who should have 'his seeming paradox is easily explained. Every I hope to be excused for tlis suggestion, which
awarded confinementor stripes for an offence of new emissionof paper money depreciates the cir- does not proceed from pre.unptuous vanity to
that description; culating medium ina greater degree than the intrude advice, but from apianthropic desire to
mount which it adds to it: For instance-the cre- benefit the community.
FROM FRANCE ation of a new bank, if it adds say a half a million Were I desirous cf:ei, i .lict rif,. vcified,
FROM FRANCE. to the amount of a circulating medium of one I should rejoice at witrtessin, wide spreading mi-
h-----. hundred millions, and depreciates the whole but sery. But I am not made d such impenetrable
NEW-TORK, APRIL 21. one per cent. takes from the actual value of that stuff. I venture opinions, aid hazard the attacks
The ship Woodbine, arrived below, sailed circulatig medium twice as much as it gives, of prejudice, with a sincer- desire to do good
rom Bordeaux about 6th March. Her letter bg xperiece has also taught us another valuable and shall be much gratified any writer on poli-
from Bordeaux about 6th March. Her letterbag lesson,- which We may take advantage of if we tical economy can propose may measure prefera.-
has not yet reached town, but a memorandum will. It is, that every new bank circumscribes ble to the one suggested.
from Capt. Hitch, states ,. It was publicly re- the circulating paper medium, unless, by a com- The charters of Banks reiuirc only pamcnt of
ported that the last Courier from Paris brought bination with its neighbors, it acquires an impu- promissory notes in specie; there cannot, there-
,intelligence to the Prefect of the Dissolution of nity in issuing more paper' than it can redeem fore, be any penalty or for-eiture for issuing re-
the Chaber of Deutis, and that the session of with specie. They say, Set a thief to catch a civable notes. When Iu! ll' ofEnglaid tus-
thhe Chamber of Dand so it is with the banks-they have p e specie paye t caused a fw
the House of Peers was suspended." grown so numerous that they aost ma o peided specie paym ts, t caused only a few
the House of Pegrs was suspended." grown so numerous that they almost make one hours of alarm ad sutrprise,.and occasioned pros-
--- -- another honest. A third and last reason why a perity ever since. The p u lent and sensible per-
BALTIMORE, APRIL 21. great issue of paper money produces an actual hantsal agreed to tkes notes as before. You,
Ir. Brackenridge.-This gentleman, we see, scarcity is this: It imposes upon the most of k nt. ay previ.uaiv -consult our nmer-
is about publishing the result of a laborious, manknd a notion that money is plenty, and rcn- chants, &c. and reject or adopt what I have pro-
tive, long and uninterrupted enquiry into the state, ders them careless din a thr expenditures i i .. At anyrate, no harm can cnsue from it.
policy, and character of South America. plungeshe nto u takings beyod thereach f life ca be prolonged a few months, you may
Tht is the most interesting portion of this plungesthem into undertaking beyod the recover, and humanity dictates a coniid, ratiou olf
globe to us No1 Ii Americans. We verily believe of their proper and ordinary resources, and pro- eer succcdaneum. I!.
that rio:- still yet arrive when the destinies of duces anxiety, ( dlicult embarrassment, and ruin.
all America will be isierNturive whe ntanhe ed.- In short, it sets them to building houses where
We want much information on the subject, and one are required-making improvements that
MrI. Brackenridge is well calculated to give it.-, yield no income-and embellishes a country within rsss. GA.LaS & 5E.TO,,:
To say nothing of his late visit to that country the ruins, ofbridges that are never repaired, and Itoften occurs, that Fi,,.- ,1., ,,I. h i,,rj,r. whichi,whet
o say nothing of his late visit to that country, lturniikesthatpeople -o out of their way toavoid firstdiscovered, a L..i Ir ..ul- I.' have pututot. Now,
under the authority of our government, the nature if itwere made a :- ., r, n the bucket. are
of his studies, (to our knowledge) has beensom Evey age verifies tile axOlI1, that.where money hung up, in lace .,1 .. h., tl.,, 1hey should be kept
how or other, entirely connected with it formanme can be easily procured, men will become careless nearly tflltof watIte-. -, -; i;. ..I ri, all ,e olild bhe iii.
Veas.-Fed. ep. it ) it' expenditure, and fall into a habit of wasting mediately prepared, to do that execution m .....i ii.
it idly and unnecessarily. For my part, I had i"g fire, which in a little time often baffles ... ......
BANK OF TIE UNITED STATS. rather. sec this country grow slower from the objectit considered, to empty and replenish ti, u.iukhe
wholesome vigor of its own resources, than swell nth fresh water as often as required; and to iae them
PHILAD.tLPHIlA, APRIL 20. into a sickly and unnatural expansion, by means so placed as to be accessible to every person acquainted
Yesterday, at 12 o'clock,the ceremony was per- of this artificial nostrum of paper money. We with the house. K,
formed of laying the Corner Stone of the building see whatit is coming to in all parts of the world .
for this institution. that are cursed with its operation. Having stimu-
Enclosed in the stone was deposited, secured in lated them into an unnatural vigor of trade and ac- NOntor0tK, APRIL 16.
a leaden case, a Glass Vase containing.several of tivity,it now leaves them collapsed and stagnant, The two notorious robbers, viz. ,Tames C. Scott,
the Gold, Silver and Copper Coins of the United with actual misery min possession, and a general alias Emmons, and JVhthaniel Way,, who broke
States, and the following inscription beautifully bankruptcy in perspective For this our friend jail in Washington City and fled on the night of
printed on vellum paper: Homo is for prescribing a little of the hair of the" the 17th February, and fit whose apprehension a
"On the l9th day of the month April, in the 43d year same dog: more paper, more paper, gentlemen, reward of 600 dollars was fl'-. :-.i L.y the ,V arshal
of the Independence of the United States of America, The other error of Homo is in estimating the of the Districtof Coluinbia, have been taken up
(being the year 1819 of the Christian Era) quantity of specie in the country by that possessed in this Borough and committed to jail. They
Tais, sthe Cidnen Stdone of thee BANK of the Utis by the banks, than which nothing can be more un- had been but a short time here, when they were
nath w as laid by Langdon Cheves, President, and shier founded. It is well known that there are great accidentally recognized on Friday night last, at
Attended by Nicholas Biddle, John Connelly, ;ames C. quantities ofspecienowhoardedupin theU.States, one of the dancing assemblies in the rear of the
Fisher, and JoshuaLippineott, te Buildig Committee; by the country people, as well as by careful and Exchange, by Thomas Long, of North Carolina,
Williana S'ackland, Architect; Adam and Thoma Tra suspicious old citizens. Thereis scarcely one of who had seen t.-e gen.emen before, having been
Groves and Joseph S. Walter, Bricklayers. these that has not nore or less of this in his cof- present at thl-t cii in Washington for breaking
And a numerous assemblage of the citizens ofPhiladel- fers; and, withinthc circle ofmy own knowledge, open and robbi.- the store of Mr. Samuel Fitz-
phia."-Phile. Gax. I could reckon up at least fifty instances of this hugh, of Georgetown.


The London papers are much occupied %lith
the proceedings of Parhiamnt and cleitii;nerrinig
br',,ngliras. C)! the 23d of Februua y, a very amn-
mareti rleb:.te took place in the House of L.II-
S ,r:, ot a re'..iLtii- .i to gIrait lihe Duke of York-
1,-:,..'..:,. as piua nian of the r-ii,''s oeison. On
thiS subject, there seemed to be much diversity
ufopinior, olinae beihe Inrg a smaller sum, others
fur r ""*- t- .t ,r .' fm, ..lie [ad,


i-'r ne .. -ee I I .t- uerc .' .hjer
on tie nitd tills s dcicribed b% AI.l,'..mi-
la;ir weathI r ,s the.o ju h. Id a blue he \,,th r-,t L and r rc 1- 1 r D .-
It' n fr'.,m IthC.u r ,i` t 't.i.-i of th, morhii't a ,i i ,
EWV I t1.at laot aiUonggr .- trees, I do not ,i,, .. .
maoi L. lith a c'rosad nt c IA. I of'lot. lrn a.de thlou ats.
','ing to an opera, (.t inr,.y .jo tulle ulh jaIc..S-
;sIre of talking by imun ligh, or iewing' thit ,tar-
!sparkhng ;i '.IDt Aur W roun,."


S I' I Iltle lt sa.U.I lt'a -...an.
utli..r, bor no pr:at it .l. NMi. Canning '-as at I r, I. qi:
tim:r : .'ere, itd at in i.S di.,':o'.c-Ie d much ft e!- hide St eat Sole
ig :1nd eloquence. H ide T.?- Maut. firstt qualil. Sanish hikle Sent S& e
g 'al cloqucice., lie i ,I-- Leatheri, for sale lby
'* It v q *.i ilue:.tion of redic'inig an old et:iblishment, ,. ur ILA.l i QiYNN.
u. .r .,.l. .,, a ...- ,i, it ..... thI. ,,r I,r "-..l-s busi nv :s G ,-,.riT toa, pril a ?l 3-11 N .
I ,I.' .', *,, t, |. ll l >l .... at l ei -. ,Ih .. tl ,i- Ce il >. -f .. -
th .," .ti ii.. t ], ii ,.'u .:'.;h.,h '...'i-, ti lle .-ltiri t DIL\.XV INCG At'. F l.NCI. "
I i, the li InhIl,.l... e .11 .1 osi, o, Oi l, l N -,terii, cl ciss rt Ii,,,ng. 4 n ,IJeT, it or the t,ve "
.. li: i, ri.ii,.li. ii,...,.|'l i, ih I t...dil 'j,].~ TII-* tiltd a. branr;,h li es 1 .5 u lt 'iiiineiirtd nd -t. i~h~ng
rc.-,-.l,ct, that, th.. h I..l.hctl ,;.,.l hel]pI s, uw.iufferer to jon. Utem may hl .r iof partcul.r. h) p'J, in, t he
.,..s theci t 1r..,,.ii tll. It ., ,,thi ,g t,'- l tm to be s.,liscriber, at his re-ijence, at Mrs. St ..ae 5 S ,art
til,. ,itii h.- I ,, ,:- ilrr,, 1-..1 ; .V ,l. ,1 ,. 10)- Pen.- hl nu,. ate du H. SI U E.

il-r i.: ,[. i, ,, i, i: i' h ,.uit .. h'' i .lI,,,, i i '.hii ,. liii 'b-,- -.... -
Srn... i'te 1.11 1 .1 be ii. ti. be I 'it a i .tct l il ; i. rIn \ ,l,. ..t, e ,,.
0,i '.-, t h, l l ,ta 1 o 1 i ,.,it I,,. ,i:,-, ... On. l of tlh t [f i *, co tai.ing .i, ar f '" ai.. rele
p, l,., i i e- tilc Heo,,u 1 lru.a',ick had1 gov- Ro ,er ituiil, 13 miles from .- ,e .w I lie ld I.
t u .. l tn l, mr r l,' I.h mi, h. ,I t' .WSm t, 1Ite lr -Od d i.i e
-_.h, h,1 l .. le'I,,,- [,.- .[ !,, h h ,, e c.TIl. -:Ai, a ,,tr ,,g, f ,ll', e D,' b .,,1 \v -ll :,,t;,,, d t,. 1 n [,",-r : o 1, ,.
..,. .: ., d ,. r li. i b .... ,.er ,l i, l i. t onet l~ l i n i r, i n t ,n,bee r, p. c .
,,.,l. rht., I .- ,'.[.F.o, lOr 0 1!- 1,, L '.i i ": I I .,.. p0Al ba, |. o, i ,k, ,r%,, locust ;, J..- ^ p,. e
f, ..,- .., jt p. -l .:l-. ."J -i '.iI'.,', .. h .'li ii aintr. ,u:T elIrrig ', e ; ees. nie ]iu en inti.i, t l' tlh n. h
I,.': IA it t or h, ,lI,, -iC. ,I l. i i iott hi lil tlwhre I rom beh,. and :-o -bu,ve. a siuble .,iuc rn
k;,1, ,n- ,% l rnt th. t n ,rt .:h L ir ai ,-.p t, ot -i t'i t lt 'h,lo s i. BlUt t,ree thousanil doll ,, i h be Ua- n
.. ,,Ill .iit i Itu s clhrac,'r. 1I ., l r i(-. a t,,t iit ,chloly i lle b e n f hve ,, .: h,,- i tll be bu -inlg it,
I n a mir- '.r r I.irn tiL lr'st, asuer, a l te 'c -t e
I ti I L1 i ItL.i Id l' ,r Ie r, I blse .ui'lldui jLid tle i[ i irt o% i.I l he, a'.
'.,1 lkr,., ledg:, ,t .,,, .c.ui. ,Co'. qui ah'eLltr..j .'htI Ai ,ii u a, i act r ,i
ui. ..- true L, r i i. i L is I.t'i t whic ill c .,-n s u -
--": "i ith if but ,, ,i.r riin,,it _'u,, i, lrRli ,. Iie liiei.. i i.,i t ie plict O )., bluhel 'c ,,f .ni, )i r. ye
1I .1 IL i .ici allied by hea er's g'limting';' thut the biuo. mi! oads, al of which will go with the fairn. 1'r p- nr
I-ii' tl ., ,I hlad likewiseG consecrated him,. He il t i,.r ctt. ll b ,keri in prt
J), the L at ,,r tth.r e.t.fo hi s,1vcbs ndk et, in part p
I ,. t : ,, c,:, h r 'od .if rt .... ,n u d ,,.,- .' t;,' .,u ri,.|l-. -,,,,I ,tmm ediate -.'- ,t.,. will
i ri.:.-t-. appear to havcM a large itajort., in i- b give Ior. further -, 1 tui.ei rs c-h.l uI ',I;-L B .S-
I' a.. -.O t:dking the .'he1 r li he anaOve I, i' o t, e twn. I t i. m
:,'iu :..r'i.. l h i .nsoldtio li, there w ere for it 247. a- f _i U- n St -t r "
; .iui:.t i 3 -in majority llO. 10 'O i. LI-"L ONE :.-;,L:.N ) I l. I ,
S :. ,1 r Tdl ',- r i t l '', i a Lot.fron'; u Pei nsy-
"rs at F Eric---. i.r e Va,, n 111ru .1u i.... t-' ,,.. ppoaile(,. i r,':. i '
.. ",h.-lc Dinner was given by the citizens rf .ndneaw the Centre Market. .Ap.iy to. .
a, irI'hi to Gen. GAINES 11on the 12th inst. as a ap2-t JAM .T LO
I'".. ap 2 --3tt ..
uII. .lt .1 itii ii ..f their respect for his services and -'-B" "t' .i -
in rial-. r. ia t which M r.. ,.n!i,.'Itf,. -..in ,tj i .' act- Nil i.E
i.i., i i.-' t, and M r. Chase lestn i as V' ice the -i j- "f I.. *, : lette-, address-
T 11, ai .,isted by Ml essrs. T U P. i,' to., ed to the 'L'.c. ....ti. wa ., ... -. ,-
tii' 'numi t, .c t "5r 1 f i : the Cite e- i;r ti 1 colrii .1 1- 1 r U
a e n e'clbed lhafofa post.nore, viz. ., 1,Al .t i r .." --
ti. ,'i:..-nt:n, was the folitow.ig, alludir- t, the IBank of the U united States, dated at 1-,,i t..
priNci.irl rusilitarv encounter in which Gen. G..has 25th of November, i818 No. 18. "2. ;''r"
L%'n 1 1 indd : be e Go y aln, Ii.-. ,hA.eHru, s.'" ,." I, d "
I I.- t I V-n at ,Fort Erie-J'They threw thlerelq x-eV iC t i.L'Ll 'I 01 ugutiiU.. .,'-,I.. % I,, .,. .
i ii. ,:li-- I, and cmihating the glory t Ive I, _. .. -. tri-rhut i 'i i' D1h Ln, t,, ii, ,t ,.ii ..
:i0o [. II. U L nror t- '.. rt. .liil.' .'i "l '.' II C li i',r e i. tn tu l i. ii,' i, ti'1, 1. Orf,- *, -
it to t't e beein t ltnri nfrn-ti thie itni: a li,l pa. i-niti- t lhe
---- ; h-lt lp .,; be, .',, ..f | ; 1-, 1 i t I)to'I, i.
\,? P~ lL ]-1 I r r'l-' h t ,r I. b bI ... t,.,, ..i h .i .i,,,,,, ,u
n,, I")n0- i" i.I 1 ,,1 li rr. .ii, ,,TI. nr, ,i .T i -. "
I te-an, mt ahip .S- lt'i : 'i/' Il-ft i.C 1 h if l Iar i k-h li initin r c'cti, in ,. i-n 'i o ilir, i, '1.
Lnorniitij- at 10) o' lo k, -.rithi a titri ofi p:.ss.-' i,- .I ). ;' I ..i.i.
ger, for Charlik tun. Shle %ill return to tis pl:,ce april :;3--in ,..r rt ,l ?';. .r ,.
i a fuit davy. l'hie Savanah dt-.ccnided oir riv- Ni)IT.I.

i .o i m r i r u al's': '. ti e I' .. Ii .- -o ,d., ,j i-'
Io uiril'Ss licr l1: ;p itii'c. It'i % in I' c : 1 f i.. i i. | 3'. -., 'f 4cl ...
jaihr itil'T,- i. till .p :' i'' ti i. i-, iid : u-. hlhi ,ni ,m l. to ih- hib-cr -.a ': I. ...
--"a-- >]'' tdelay. A L. tIi-- credit' om o h.- t r.. re.
.'e't-Brunsvwick.-A contest of some interest iit'14.iii,"1" i l li Cl ,'..- .i.1r i-rIn- fkI
has arisen between Gov., snmyth and the House H' ...,, '' u,'"


of Assembly of the British province of New-
Brunswick. It appears that the Governor di-
rected that a duty of one shilling should be paid
on every ton of ship timber exported ; the object
of which was declared to be to prevent the waste
and destruction of the King's woods. The House
of Assemibly considered this tis an infringement
on their prerogative to institute taxes, and passed
a resolution, reprobating the measure in strong
terms. This produced a message from the Go-
vernor, denouncing the resolution as.interfering
with the Executive authority-asserting that the
duty was not of the nature of a direct tax, and ex-
pressing his expectation that the resolution would
be rescinded. On the 23d March the Assembly
took the message into consideration, when a mo-
tion was made to expunge the resolution from the
journals of the house; which was decided as fol-
lows : r.
YEAS--Messrs. tumbtert, ?,fiies, Wilmot, and Allen
-4.
NAYS-(lessrs. Eastcrbrooks, Pagan, Porter, Smith,
Chapman, Johnston, Ward, Peters, Calverley, Scovil,
Agre-w, Wetmore, Brittain, Yeamans, M'Kay, Campbell,
Siinonds, Low, and Frascr-19.
So the motion did not prevail; and the resolu-
tion was sustained. Immediately after this deci-
sion, tIe Governor dissolved the assembly! This
is considered as an appeal to the people," whb
will probably return the same members, and thus
fix the Legislative and Executive authorities in
permanent hostility. The effect will be, that the
Assembly will dcUny the usual supplies; and the
Governor can only help himseifby a redissolution,
or by repealing the tim ber duty. The revolution
in the United states originated in a "three penny
dutiy on tea. Many of those v.rh.., rtd in the ne-
gative above, are descendants of the Amnericans
who emigrated in 1783; who'appear to have in-
herited a portion of the Old Whig spirit of tl ir
ancestors, whatever may have been the tory no-
tions of their fathers.-[Bjtdon .iContinlel,


Gcorgelo".'n april n .-1m
ATS FO '.L!.
1 VE Tindred bushels ofgood Oat-, on board of thi
sclhoor., r Williamand Mary, at Capn. L,.nox's wharf.
Apply to tte captain or L ., or to
april23 -2t G. C. Gl:..MME;:
NOTICE.
aT is requested that all persons who are favorably dis-
posed to institute a BEliEFIT SOCIETY, for the iuttial
relief oftach other, will meet. at the house of Mr. Hier,
nn F street, near' the. United States' Bank, on the 26th,
inst. at7 o'clock i lli,:- -,,.i. u take measures tbr 'he
formation ofa, giieili :,d; Irish society of the above
description.
ipril 23-

VALUABLE WHARF PROPERTY FOR SALE.
BY virtue of a deed of trust ifrou"i Samucl Fitzhu ,1 to
the subscriber, will be offered for sale, >n Saljr..v
the 22d May, sa it ','clock a.-imn. on-the premises, a va-
luable lot of ground adjoining Mr. Charles King'; lum-
ber yard,fronting about 42 feet on the south side of Cause-
way street, and running back fri.m 4 to 500 feet to the
river-for note at 90 days, with approved endorsers, and
bearing interest.from the day of sa'c, upon payment Of
which a good and sufficient title willbe given.
april 1-eots WM. GC lliti EL, Trustee.
FOR SALE-GREENWOOD.
ITHE residenceif 'he iL, .cii.i, li i.- ;:i t, i of o'(
L umbia h ii i i,. n.-. .- .c- fitpros-
lect and ricgnre. ti .t **h i e. i L.c ut, l IJ. h'ei
:ye. embraces, at a glance, Georgetown, thecitr, Ajexan-
Iria, and the Potomac, skirted by an amnphiitheare of
iills, interspersed with cuttivai.l rirms, u-strcincl. i
restingn. To those who se-.k ~ntir, irt 'rin, i..;!,
fthe morning avocations, i .s c. i L., ,1 retreat; to
otherss who are disposed to a dairy establishment, and ex-
:ensive gardening, it I, .ni .e, a;n'b.i.i return. The
street of Georgetown approximates within a tf;w steps.
if the premises, affording a pleasant walk to any part of
he town; and its contiguity ensures arise above its pre-
ent value. The dwelling house is spacious and conve-
iient-obur rooms below and three above..- kI chli .ii.
4' i'. 4' apartments, all of brick, with -rt.r itusei li .lt.
:es tie garden is ornamenilc. I. U T .1 ,[ l ,valk,
umimer-houses, and av.riety t. L ..i 'i 1 bt'.. r and
veil stored with pears, apricots, cherries,peaches,plulibs,
.nd damsons, ot the best kind ; at t,. foet ofit is anlap-
)le orchard, in bearing ; the whole, enclosed by a :.-


Or.' ,' ,VewdEngland Jlnecdote.-Riches ar thorn e e Tis seat contains d3 acres, on' I.
.y.et. alewd, and t na eome hr iighly improved, thie other in young wood. The price
may be entailed, and nobility may become here- s moderate, and within the resources of any person desi-
ditary. Wit and wisdom can never be made heir- ing such property. Any additional quantity fiaind rmay
looms. There are few names more respectable )i annexed, if required. THil. PL 'TEiR.
among the patriarchs of Massachusetts than Gov- .:arch ll--aw4w' lawtf
ernor Dudley and Judge Sewall, yet the former iOSEPH WATSON
had a daughter, who could scarce keep out of the SHoNTE.WAPLATTG rmne fm he D str t of
fire and water, and the latter a son of equal abili- C CulumlNia r quests all those w:o may he iny .usi-
ties. The prudence of the old gentlemen inter- ness with him to call before the 20th inst at the NIatsioa
married these wiseacres. In due time after the House in Georgetown Shoit'ld any ),': handss yt-t exist
marriage, Judge Sewall, then sitting at the coun- against him. he is ready to discharge them ; andh e hopes
cilboard in Boston, received a letter informing those that are indebted to tim may find i conivenirnt so
m pay
him that his daughter-in-law was delivered of a preference is made to Mr. Dennis Reock ..eli relahve to
fine son ; lie communicated the billet to the Gov- any ousines. connected ..ith jhe- Militar.r ad G.-ni'.ral
ernor,who, after perusing itobserved,with an arch Agency, hitherto conducted, by lhim in.t!i. city.
severity, h-brother Sewall, I am thinking how we Such petitions to uoigre,^ as the claimants may .wihl
shall contrive to prevent this grandson of ours .ibrus rn theo s si.-r ont sbetobk4wl,
from being as great a fool as his fatherr" I be- Military Land and lGeieral Agents, who w.iil apprise
lieve," retorted Jadge Scwall, I believe, bro- claimants of the evidence which it may be advisable for
other Dudley,-we must not let him suck his mo- them ;o furnish. JOS. WATSUN,
ther."-Galaxy. y april 3-w3w


.---C Pi-~~P~ rr. ~y-- LX~n


WASUINGTON -0~ SATURTupax, arwit o0,4+,tsPw.


Vol. XX,












S. GRAK) i. ODI0 OP THE i-; r Ri','.1
A N adjourned meeting f the G rau. Lod Lo ; I.I|.T,,.
,,trict Of Col,,nbia will be held at the ',, \ r. I;.hT|,
oil S ifmrday thle 240t inst at 1.1 o'cl ck a. m.
-. april 21 .- S. BURCHt, Secretary.

y;IA'TIONA Y.
T-I4 w,' H.I! \N I' \ ,, a resolution of ihzc Congress of the
-.-,l..'i.. i o. z.,-approved March 3dl, 1,,15, we will
lreceaive, until sunset of 2the'4; of Apri-i next~prop<.'sals,
in &; .11 ealedl ;id addressed to iijiointly, .with thc na-
turf (-1 tlh, cilmrnnuiication endorsed, for supplying the
SBNA-r AND 110usB dF KK KSF.x.rts of the United
SWaes,- with the necessary Satioinery, during the Six-
teenth Congress.
The "' .1.. %-,1g schedule comprises a gentia-r descrip-
tiii ,rflh,.. ,.. ,i,,'y .required .
'.ti,.I ,... J..: ._. oodquality, cit exactly to 32 1,v 28
inches,completely dressed undc pounced for usejper dozen.
Super royil wxiting paper, for'records, best '-"
Royal do.. .. -for do. do. }
Medium do. for eng.rosoingido. .
Best American wove I-. I..... h li.j post' per ream.
Do. quarto post, gilt c'J." a
Laid cap" No 1 "
Cartridge paper -
Rest perns, ready made, from prepared quills, pier Imdre&
Biest red wax. -
btlack do | "
red wafers .
1.' h. ),i ,i, :. flC o 'it .
-lnks, clea glass, plated tops "t' -
SMindslto correspond, with the inks .
-.,,i : : "."7:; with corks., say pints j

Black lead".. 1, ', -- ..[-...';1- & l "
!...,, [*.I..Ihr^. comni on 2 >abet' 'fo.e'
C,,Io-; e~l ..l.i .e tape, good( .,ii _,, ar.r not less
.... 1-- tl. r.l inch wide
-1c.' ,[ ,dy re-l 11k i, in |,;.1 .J ';,t.,i l., it k
pint *.
Black inV,'est .4,,Ai,. per g'aVon. "5 .
Colored taste per pie'e.. ;
250 penk,>.re3 ',er session,(.l.-l,r, cost from 30 to, 3
.-Pi',, CT P,..r dozen) proposayour ads i,,c 0.ir.,ill:'

1 Tihe supply o6f hee articles must embrace a pogsille
demad .., v e ..,5.;.;1 20,00( )dollarsfor the Congress,'
in which sum security will .be required ; and the propo-
satl must be *ce':onini with thL ,.-,e0 or names o( the'
security. 1. i.-..... i,,.- ;,, u,. : .-i., 7, i,,,,_ ol thI e. con tract.
It is i._ ,)r"'. ,, ,1:., ',l ,)-, e.r,, ..,I parchm ent, vani
ol.t, kinds of paper, pens, -folders, waters, wax, tape and
tastc, should acconmpaIny the proposal'.. It will be unne"-
cessary to send specimens of any article of an in feiwor
quidhy; Ms We intend to contract for the best only.
ClH.\;;L -I CUTTS,
Secretary of the Senate.
TrIOMAS D1OU(4HE`To"Y,
Clerk of the H-iouse ofReprcest ntatives.
The editor of tile Alexandria Gazette will insert the
foregoing in his paper f..," i, ,_ il v .., esilectisiveWv.
march, 29-

GREAT BAKGAINS i,1 i 1H L..- "-
.V FHE subscriber pledges himself to sell fify part of his
r property at a great L...I..... i i- ,.i, to, meet his
engagements, which, r.h..:'h not amounsting to onei-
twentieth part of the L,;. o.. of his rea'? proper'.y t
taxation, he has heretofore been "an bi-: ,r ., ,,.,iila..
Lang Meadows. :
This land adjoins thie city ; consists of 400 acres, 80 mn
wood, and !80 f lan~d which he once ini part recl:i ne'I
from the niarshl; although, from want oftundl, the barkks
were but imperfectly cc ,n 1._-ot-.:I. hiln, ir'. ,.1;,.-' .:-J...,
l'. ...i.. .-tide fbr three *i-_, --,..t ),',I Jl- a.d r,., *'n. 'I, r "
and corn as ever grew in the cointr :,A loiios;dtd "dbl-
lars would -,.it,, .e tie nlhibA. 1:., ,Wr.t. Three hundred
dollars per a,, .V ..r,- r ,- t -.H, .'l .., "i ,,',- .. ." 7 i V 'i'ty
dollars per acre widi'now be received io.r I. 1, tract.
Farm, in W'ri,,' William rvoif, i Vi.i.
"fh.n. :.iri., ,1 ') m iles from \' -',,i,.ir-i,, jn., .... i .t- ,,"

it I I.,- Ce., ritr ', ,h i1 wl,',e !foodl i,%,. Ul ,, I I- b, no
40 feetsquare, ,'th .-ir huus.., &.- N, .i ,h, i, ... ,
tihe land atta'chb ,_ k,, 1,, 11 ,r, t l,_IIlli i m >,',.7 L I N1, 1 1.M il
r 'he h ,ole c.--[t fi t `,r n. ) 5,11J a-h, I -J.. '',ll:
plying to m ,',.. L r,-- :i L.irti.urh P dc--,. i, Ll aiid di[ -
t oils where to l1;., it lu- n.,n- t ,,,
Farm in PPrince G,,'g ,/i, ',,Mcl.
This is 6 miles from Washington,.and consists ot near
500 acres. I ,li) i,,ill i ,r r acre -have been offered for
it -twenty will now be taken.' A, more valuable estate.
forits exteiut, can scarcely be met wi.th. Mr..Hurly, i1
ing, on the premises, will shew it.
City Lots.:. .
About half an acre, opposite Mr. Caldwell's dwelling,
C ..... jl Hil, costing "I',)i cash during the late war -
the same will nolw be received. .
Laind i 1'`t, .i'd;."
51,000 acres in irraysoui couaiL"; sorie .of the
first much of the seec-nd,-and thremainamder of the third
quality oftland, as it is there rated. Satisfactory evidence,'
'i>y disinterested examiners, will b.efurilsheid of the qua.'
'.iv of thisestate, t'roperly near Waswingtou will be ra-
,eived in in",avient. .
""The Anlacostia Bridge.
This will be sold to insure the purchaser 15 per ceat.
per annum ; and it i. certain to increase vwith lie city of
Washington.
Persons wishing to purchase, are requested to see &.
U. Caldwell, Esq. Capitol Hill. Titles to be perfected
before payments 1 shall be in Washington in a few da' s,
and will make the co .i.:', : ,._--=v;w, i', ,..) F-.r sales.. Any
agreement with Mr. LCel Uli x D '.'- 11It L jin -"I i) o01ne.
"TIOMNAS WELL.
Philadelphia, april 12 -[191] 3t

WVASHINGTON FORUM,
For Public Debates,
VILL open on Thursday evening, April 290h, at Mr.
Strother's iiotel, when the following question will
be discussed:-
Whether is the contemplata.on of the Solar
Sys'enm and ithe Starry Heagvens, or of Terres-
trial objects more calculated to raise the mind in
adoration of the Deity."
And on Thursday, May 6th, the following :-
!Ills ,NVature, or diucation, tt, .' i,.a~t ,' share
in Jformting the human character."
Aa the fk,"i,.lr.i ,).f Ii n i,.i~tution. are.actuated by the
', ". oL ot ,,i.. ,.,.. i..g ,t',i, r .-... of talent. -of opening a
,ioo." tu) i',,ll'-lL-', i ii~i,.-c,,ii:'- "and instructive amuse-
ment--of |'t'unishiig Mn opportunity for genius to unfold
itself, Mnd the contemplative mind to benefit others by ts
rational effusions ; andl also to spread a Umental rc;;aA; and"
prepare a li.'- r i,.;, a~..n :ii~hin i f'..,r thl. tar sex --questions
will be carei'ul.y selected; notlnng trifling, foolish, or un-
ntere- tingf will be adopted ; the strictest order will be,
insintaineid in conducting the discussions ;. no pernonal
remnarks will be tolerated ; no indecorous conduct dlow-
ell nor arny expression or allnsion admitted, that eint
,inuud tl~e chastest ca,<, or hnrt the mildL fraught with
sientiments of the moat rigid mnora iiy.
Every attention wdll be shtewn to accommodate ladles
with seats &c.
Admission tickets, price 25 cents, may be hiad at tlhe
t'oU')wini;DMaces;UDr.Otn's, Pemins, lvatfia Aveoue; Messrs.
Ule,.nent'T". Coote & Co's. o, po~iite the Centre market ;
Mi). D. ltaipine's bookstore, Capjitol Hill ; and at the office
(of tlhe Washington City Gazette ; also mn Georgetown, ;tt
:'.r..J. Milligan's bookstore, oir tlhe admission money nu.sy
be [);ii. at tlie door ef tbe dobtsie room..
"theli door will be open at halt pai~t.s'X) and,the cnai.r
taken at lialf past seven o'clock.
April l1-dt6.'l


.-... _._... _. tresses ? It ; for the friends of this' inea.ure to shew, iIisposiibn to f.,"".' I.-T '.,n'-. '"d. oftaking anacctlve judge adocate, that two th;rds must. concur in the sen-
that. the dane-f-pi v.as certain-for .. .' i,., .; ."i ,r ,,. -part in aidingiL.,.1 ,l' ,, uo." .. ,i this -war; hesi.taxAd terice, and that a party implicated in theli |..IPi .[| ,...,,1.1
Z.Li' -''IT 0 1OX T 'E SE, ,JV"OLE NARS. .... .i by the general laws, the part, who claims, therefore dotlonger : as Iculd not be received inrfrilnd- have the eight to object to or challenged. .r... .....,-. ,....
". ,||T.: ,.,, .,,. *',..:i,...'., ,.,,,.!'. J.i..."n 11 .. :..: ',; b. ,, 1 ^i p, -i entered the 1,; ".-.:.l_,. In.fis letter of the designated? A nd yet, in. this case, these, with many
-to~shew the exi ,,,... >'.i r,.,, i,,.. .,.';,r*.1 i,, ,,.-"' A.:I .'-'i W',..l of Juue,he says, "' t -[ I,.. tJa,, the Spanlish. offi- othtur incidents of-a couri;t martial,-are found. Besides,
IN trIIe JI'USE "OF 'EPRRESENTATIINVES. homicide, it ma: lI, j,1- r ...I. .j,. 1- -." .i.r.ul. [l,..-' ..'s had "aided and tied the-lndhan eiemy, and. there- we have the authority of the Secretary.of State to. prove
Stv boind must sh..., l, it is justifiable or exiusable. in by:became a party inipstilities against uis, do f justify this. "He-g'ave them," siys he, the benefit of a court
-o.und'1 n u tie case beore t,., '.' ,, is thie evidence of this ? It ls ly occupancy of die Spanish fortresses.". It. was not, t"murtial."* Nay, more; we haveit from Genl-Jackson him.
Yr' WiLtIAMSJ of Connecticut, addressed said that the Governor of Pensacola himself acknowledg- then, from his own account, on the ground of .aftlivc self, who speaks of "the proceedings of the'cuurtmanr-
the chair as foows:--. ed the danger as to St. ',larks, and apprehended *that it .- .,,. bwr because tl;ev actually vhad, orwe supposed timl.".
Mr. Cliurrfi;to-i- is with rehtirance that, li tins.stage had actually fallen into the hands of the hadians., if this to have, aided and abtted -the rncmy. Tile ;itCestion A.court rnairttal, then, did assume the t)ower to try and
of' the dbth rse 1 ) n-. -1 "-i after tile taLlents and .were actually sxo, perhaps it migh t thrnish an excuse -tir then arises, can this b ajustification ["or Gen. Jackson ? condemn to death men over" whom they had no1jurisdic-
;. ,,-i,0 ii bee alost e i- r government to lustiy themselves in il controversy .T-. c.r, .. '. ,t ... .. comar, wsot w .hoe oi These de a l
l.-. un this subject. 'ut, sir, apolw;,ioes may be with the Spanish government; but, is it, therefore an ex- Ju-. Junty wis not war. Those condemned.
.e-.;sar." fto" n~e. r tiley nmst be. useless to you. I orie tfr anoficer of ours, who has acted without orders, who c,-l., ,,1 ,h .r ..,,i,.., neutral country, 'apturng .But we are next told, that the commanding officer had
shaii', -Lerefc, Proceed immediately to the considera- and contrary to the constitution ? Tl'e fact, as it respect- neutrlfort.. ,.,1 i.;,- 0, garrison' did not amOulil a right to pnt then to death without the intervention of
tio w o t ,'.. (-t*e its And 1 too can with gentle- such office:-, when examined at the h'ar of hie counthr, to ar, wil: ,n.. ...,,,.,i ,tI the act (i a"u.i.;..: i an enl- a cotri>;artial, If he has, it must either depend upon
,en,,'. e i ,t ,1o private objects to attain, and I)(o still remains to be provedcand the evidence of te gofer- e nv is in '-:*,., ... r. This. may. be a cause (.I .I ,.. ,I power in-an officer to .oput to death his prison-
i .as1 ,, *' ,', .l" dccsicn of tliisdichtion. The nor of Pensacola certainly does not prove it.- The Go.- w"-.... but if, as. Mr. Malism. has told us,-te power of de- ers o upon the right f retalia.ton. AS. to.the first, it
"'osfit.;i on paid !iw, s ot my country only do I. wishi to ernor, according to G.eaeral Jackson, infrmned-.Captain lrinmg- ', ,,.;,.i.].1.1, !i,: i..)wer ot jttdgmg'ot the catns- ',idll ardly be contei~ied, tliat, in the Tpresfcnt state of
pr e.c-,v e, i t is n] e t i v r e intention -it th is stag e o f th e dc- C all th at th e Il .1; .. I, .1 .1. ,. ....1 .1 .rn ,:, am m u nitio I, I es oF w a.,. ,- ,., .t ive ty "v sted -i n the I,'Psl a- society, in n od e rn w ar fare .. .....,,, u,, ; r fiicer h as ;l
b a e : e iqu re tlo(to e origin ofilrs w ar ;' but it oug. ..t _d Provisions, .... ... r... .. .... ..., .,.- ,arrison of St. ...t.i. I ....h L ..,. .. .. .. ,; 1,', _. lthe rght to kill or enslave hi .s r. r......... it Ih,. hanthe rig ht
n,,-'il,e ir.i bof rlottcn that,-on tlhe '2d clay of Ticcelnibr, Marks, and, be Presumed, possession lhad bLeen g'ivenl,fronlI -I)." 12%,-1*1*' i- ""- -' *''' ''''*"*lit. mlust reside ill a subordin ate Officer, wh6n in, command,
IS1' tt of hi- inability to ain-tiofn it."'n S A gai', in his letter' to the. ". s':." ,,.b., .*.'., i. .. 1- .* I ,,' .* 1.... .1 ;ook ias w ell as in the general. T hat such t pow er m ay, under
[6claredto us that "with tie Barbaq States Governor of 8t. Marks, lie says, the Governor of Vcnsa- .,r,-,.. t ,.. .. i .i .... ....r.,i : ; i.,,.!,.,. and ... ,, .., circumstances, be exercised, is not denied; but
I.- tribes cola stated that the 'Indians and negroes had demanded .:uppj ,i ii. ,. ', ...... 1. I,.,L ihi ....se- it is only In C ses of necessity, ae .all ordinary laws
Tedf' And o tile 25th of' August, 1817, Gen. Gaines of'you'hu'ge supplies of mtn itions of war, with a threat, ;.,....:. m'. : ,r, ,: |; i _. .: ,;,. .1 ,,i l...i must yield to thnl of self-protection. A general, there-
wrote to t*e Secretary of War,.relrative to certain corn- incase efrfvsal, of taking possession of your fortress." ourports, -nd that artsand..... ,,ii, .... i,,,',i,!, ,! r... tbre, can have no more right to kill than to enslave his
l'ailits 'a i""sttiKt e ,, :. f k. llingh cattle, stealing, k.c. Tlie sah e idea is ex|)'essedin a letter of the 5th of May. their h r1l..:h,, u- :,.y'J. ._. ...ul .' ',.. tica. Suppose I .11" ........ .. unIess the safety of his army is directly con-
I-Iilt sa liheihas rr. I -e>r.j of anu thillike an astie- Tlhe admission, therefore, of the Governor of Pensacohla such is 1.'. I,. ., I.I ..)|. ..... i....-. i 0.. rg ht to o tl the cerned, or makes it necessary.
bwe ioj'b'ce amwoli tIe Indians. And yet the murders was ,,-.01,; ..r..- than an attempt to justify the supplies c;0y fr.,ii-..ai-i'_ tHi.... '"11I ..... 'ent, oil di.lii pva- As to the rigltl of retaliatiou--this, it ought to be re-
of which up n t h-i s occasion, w e have Ii ard so m uch, .h .l -1 ;..hi 1 ..; ._,- ,,.lc d to the Indians, on account t of a .... .... A .! ,. ,.- I i o of it, to pre- coll cited, involves r.-.."" "- '- 'e |,,i" i'.i' g t
particularly that of Mrs. Garilet andoher children, hap- "i f .I o ,,,.,l, ..it the part ofihc commander of Saint,-vCntfttture supplies Surely not, because theseiare not guilty, but also of lr.. ,n... I,. of.. ,..,.t. .* thie.guilty;
peneed before o tis tinsme- Mrs. G's. on the.24lh 2 f -'bru- M arks, ifile should furnish them oL a presu option that acts of w ar, i i....... I, ,Sder certain ci 'cu stances they not o ly the ight o, |i,, t. death tle wonien cap -
1t:v I18I,; and, as th,_ Ih,'l i -, .6 ;11 retaliation tor that officer would surrender his fort to their threats, ra- m iy be suficint cauw'es of war. And alter the atlthorn- turned in battle, butI i,, I ...l k-i,, women a 'd children.
-' .' .', i'' ,r j ",.'.ast to have ari- their tlan te'ant their demand ofsuccours. But, foritus to ties which were read ;i the ezrly part of this debate, by it therefore involves the ntost important powers ofisove-
senll Eom private,'not r,',t].I..-.. 1i ..... But, ou th,- t l stile 21st judge oft'le probability of the lndiatiscapturing;!-:>tibrt, -i ........,.. from corgia aand others,, it cannot How rcignty. It seems, tleriire,, contrary to tile whole spirit
of' Nov. Gen. Gaines sent an office', Nith 350 men, to we o awteto kow the number of men in tbe foi't, the nu1- bd d ..... i.. ,R(. ,, ii, 1. (., 11,, nh. l._'i- -, i,.. I.? of our laws, to Suppose that i .. ,illy of cilmes as
o '-ltown,' (the residence of a part of a nation who,, in bert of'guns, the stale of the works, and tile means of de- Gen. ll,. 'l ... .. '., .. -. l..1 .......i i,,., 1.1 t ,.: 1,.-,, spies shall have the benefit of a',; 1I.i i ,, ..,, t..,K Mi..t
tihe iast Indian wai had been neutrall) to bring' the fence; w e also want to know what number of' men the and th. .LI...... I -'","-d... l 1 ... .. t.,* :, ,,d *"* i t.,1. the .I ... ,.r,,,.... ....,..:. of his. ... 1 .11 and pletAsure
.,, ... to him ;" and, ," in case of resistance, to 1 d m sl e. i ] ,, ntillet ,or Tie to r ii,1 til ,...,.. t .,, ,,(t.,,.,,,it ,.
treat thieil as enemies T his party, as w as probably ex- any-m eans of '. '"' r.. .I |.l .... ..1 th c sub- adieorc ., I...*, .- .. -. ,. .. .... |.. i .. his d tion, punish ts ,. ,,,,,... .,,, I.. >.,,= .u,r'. ,..
uected, w'as fired upon by the Indians. The Indians jecis we have .I- iil.,, ,'.1.1.. ..,.' h,',: 11,. i fore, a faih a future one not l I-,Ie n" Iwm- nay have been sup- These are acts of'p .I .I ,I r. L i ,.d in. the
S pt- to III- tLfive warriors, with one ",%,Oman, said right -.. i,r,. ,. 1,,i'l.ese savages wio wanted to e p-lied, or a treaty ..i..-, Ih, Il, -own army should suprenepower ofethe country-; and it has been already
weeptto e hght ; i vewar iors, w ithloedWma, seraid re ,, .... ,,' "'- "- ms o a-nt am...nition" ; ho bedealend
tb h distinguished'from the warriors, killed, several ce f t ', ,11 arns and amnunition to defend be cut oil; or .... be overrun. But when he at- shewn, by gentlemen wlo have -preceded me tht (,on-
wnded,.at-d tile remainder driven into a swamp. Nine themselves against our force, had at their command no .tempts to redress past injuries, he sets Iiinself .ithle gress, at several times, have.given this power to the coom-
diay Sal"er this llat of war", Lieut. Scott and his party, as- means of capturing Spanish fortresses. But, again it place of C.,,,. r:.. and assumes that power, which is vest- mander and to the President.-. But, iff this power before
ce rii-VApalhc'icola river, were all cut offiby tihesava- appearsfrom Gen. Jackson's own letters, that, before lie ed. i tI,. L.-,_-Ll,-ive branchlof the Government only. existed in them, why did Congress delega-e it to thiemr ,
ro ']e-i Jackson was soon after called to tle com- arrived at St. Marks, a dentand had been made by the In- But, it is said, that the capture ot fortresses, by force, or lcislate upon tile siu.'ject; ;told, if* it did in#t, how dLi
ln)and, ,olnlanordered to put S*ian end to the war thus begun. C '-1 1f"I,1 G... (" ..,', *r" ,"irrender St.Marks,.Uttthat St. does nrot necessarily imply war ; and instances are given, Genera Jackson acquire this power. "
,t while in this commando, is now before us 3 1 ,1'k. ii-,I..I. 'Ifoun-d (says Gen. J.) tlhat 'where some petty places, such as. Turks' Island, have Thle act passed iu tho e late war is precisely analogous
Nvi Rre cal!fd to judge respecting it. But. we are told the Indians and negroes combined had demanded a Sur. been captured, and no war tollowcd. It is admitted that to the present case. There the British and tile Ildias
that, ve have no right to judge, or-even make an enqui- render of that work."t ow, if te commander had re- ,'. ay be waived by the were parties one side; and ..,,,:. cited, tat,
nd- ,andth t ,J'i- i. -I ,tsid, .hi nato wnooe o voain ft e ;hwsand ti.iuc._.t..d. atnongivi
r'y 3:, tie subject. That th'e right of declaring war-, in-, fused to surrender the fort upon a deman I I ?I-- ...-0i' is al act of war, otopen tfor violations of tile laws and am I Ong civil-
-.. ,;L!t'ofjudging of its causes, is the peculiar demand was followed by no attack upon tile part of the torce and violence. Tlhe President ot the United States ized nations, by those acting under B,i,; .,,lh., ,,, or
province ot Congress, coan scarcely be doubted. On this Indians, had not Gen. Jackson e cry right to believe that has no right to make war, butIhe n1ay repel it : 'sup- titose ii alliance with tile British, tile President might
subjict we have an authority which. will be respected iii: the fears of the Governor of Pcnsacola were tictitious,that pose the Spanish should attack the town otf Baltimore, retaliate upon the British or (fldisas., Tbat- law was
this house-h-thst,-of the late President ; and, Is I may the Indians were entirely unable to make any attempt, night not tile Presideitt order our army to attack there ?i confined to the thlc. existing war; and is it not absurd
have of the commutittce while it is read:- The same remarks will apply (Utough in a much strong- into tile cause. It is bpen violence which lie has tile to the President, would limit it to thietLilkn citing war,
Every just view that can be taken of this subject ad- er degree) to Pens tcaia : there, however, Gen. Jackson right to repel, and it wvould not beasked by tile President i' they thought the commanding officer of your varies
monishes thepblic of the necessity of rigid adherence 1tad no intimatiorfroni the Governor, that it could not be or Congress, whether it was authorized by the ..,I at all times possessed it? Wl8 e claim here is, that, as the
to the simple, tIe received land the fundamental do(,- defended ; on the contrary, Gen. Jackson himself tells government or not. No ; it would be treated as an act Indians d com fitted barbaI.ities, contrary to tie laws
trine of the constitution ; that.tibe power to declare war, us' that he-wrote to the Govcr'or, '" that if'the force you ofWar.. I of war, those who werec in alliance with them may be
4 including the power ofijudgingofthe causes ofwar, is 'are now disposed wantonlyto sacrifice, had been ordcEr- Again, it ;s said, r. F 1. d ,- :,,.ling declaration of war killed in cold blood by tile commander in chief; and-that,
'fully and exclusively vested in the Legislature ; that the 1 1 ",j i.- Seminoles, ihc enemy's troops had never ',.. lndians. \1 11,1 .. ..... I than thatthe President withioutan act of Congress, lie hasthe saume puwer that,
Elixecutive has no right, in any ease, to decide the quesI -' 1,* l'loridas."i| If, then, the torce ofthe Gov- has a right to repel inision, and, when an attack is made by a special law, was delegated to tile President. ,
"tion whether there is or is not cause for declaring war ; -ernor was great enough to have prevented tile war en- upon our towns or forts, he tias a light to resist it ? .!uL it is said, when the commander of an 'arny is at a
'that th-e right of convening and intormiri ..." n ..,.,1-- i '..,. :,,-.. ly it was great enough to defend his own fort. Again,-ifthis i- .,..1 \, ,,', .;;,, ,1,e meaning of the distance, he may find it neceCsary to exercise s uch a
xvi-lien ver :hi Ir.. .---- '.._ L. call for a-1,h.,:1:i,:, i -. I -. ',.J.I ,.. to this, Pensacola vas captured water General constitution, the,,, ti.. L..- .,,i, c ..-il..,.r ha at all times power. )I' Congress think so, they may revive the late
'-all the rnzigI,. rI., r.. I .......u'.I ..I has deemed requi- Jackson had declared tile war at an end, had dismissed a right to do those acts, which may involve us in war, haw, or modify it: until they do so, the commander in
site or proper ; -and for such more than any other con- the Georgia militia, and asked leave himscl' to retire, 3o without the consent o, Congress : he may order anu offi- chief-cannot :assume to act'tas if it existed. Besides,
"tingeenc, this riligt was specially given to the Lxccu- far, then, from being certain that this place wouldfallin- cer to attack a neutral town, arid, as lie has no right to Gen. Jackson does not pretend these men were put to
Ve. li ve to te hands of the- enemy, there was no probability of give the order, it \.J, ,, ..L l WIva; Congress olly having death upon tilis principle, but because they had violated
l ih no part offthe constitution is more .wisdom to be it. But, as it oltlerwise, could tlhey hav'eannoyed us witi the right to deClare Aw.r. tle laws of nations. They were, therefore, tried by a
I..... ii.., in the clause vhich confides tde question of""irreparable mischief? '-Vill"it beSaid, o' The act, then, was at act.o war onf or part, not justi- cuurt having no jurisdiction, by "vdence unkuown to
war or peace to the legislature, a-nd not to the execu- Indians and negroes, ,uninstructed li the use of artillery, Lfed as it respects the ,i._.-.r. .11, .... aU. nt o> pasf injuries, .our law.
ti.ve deparutent, B,: ,,t,..-.., ,(.i,.,:6. ,,. to such -mix- could have gained tlo themselves any advantage from be- aand not necessary .to-, 111.:,,. tir,,. injury. 'i'c danlg'cr The court, therefore, could have no authoriit to order
'tUteof i,,L"..iI ......?, the trust and temptations inf, confined il the wNxalls of at. Marks ? Or that tile not being t,.,, ,,,,,,,, ,.-.n,, ; riloss .,,.r L, .. ,. nrc- their execution: muchi less hadthe commander init',:1.r.
4 w would b(. c ..*-12 f. ,, o-ie mailn, not such as na- strength of thlis place was such, that they could have de- parable, an.l O l.1. ,,- .. I... ,,,.l the profl is bLIn g takcn, lI is du e,- th en, to our law s and co institution, and to.the
t u r e i ~ ai. a ,: 3; I ,L p ri- l !' 1 1 1 1 1 1 ,, c _.....,; b ,t f e n d e d i t a g a in s t o u r a r t i ll e r y w h e un t l S p a u i a r d s c o u l d a s w e l l a s t ,I 1 0. 1., :. bu n ta n i t y w hl i c h w e p r o f e s s t o d e c l a r e out d ioa p p r o ba,-
Ssuch as r .. ., ... ....-J t-. ,.,, ,\ .,,,_ n.:.:,,, ,, ,.f notclefend it even against hlihans ? H ow m any of these 1 shallow -:. ,,... ,: 'I._ i...,_..-... in the trial and tion of their itte.
.,,, ,';.r i. 3,, ,,'..i .;i f~cr. nl,-. )r'i .... .1 L',.-:i..'a : i savages were there, and what force could we oppose to execution of \ A ., l- ..iii'., ,,. 1 .',!,.., _~.. andl, whien en- *, I. i...iin,., % ,,.1 1, ,,., ..|'T:|^ .:..,ii.u ,,, hii'.Lrlui :. r., .] r.
1 i-..,,, I,". ,, ,, 1 ." .'I Pil .1: ,1 t..IO. ,: l,) I,.- ,.,,....;them ?I G uell Gaiues in One of his, letters speak <;f its qni'riiginto tl, ,. I l..-.r rials aud e 2ecutitn s, we upo. tis subject, to have no weight. .e alttempi, is
ted, and it is tie Executive will which it., direct it;. beinT: re)orted that 2,700 were emalbodied ; but he .says have nothing .1!.,-..I el,: i... J charcter of'thie luen to deprive him of what lie thus. earned. lie is in
.'in w ar ,i,, i.,.iljl'._ treasures are to be unlocked,'and iL l,,n _rl... r: .*I.... .. '.*. t,! !... '. ,,.t ,,, l..,..'..l ... .i..r ii,.. l,.. ,," ** i -. 1-, ', '.. ",-' -' .... i1 ., ..: .*'. .'* I'* '' '' -I "* ih.. .. ) j .. ... i,,,tef a salary second probably only to one
h;: c l 1.:...:t,, .- hand which is to dispense them ; i:,i _,_ i. i ..,l' ll -c ,,,I|,IL,11., l ,l ,Ir | '.-, ,h.,i.i L.. r l 'tl h "-'1" '-' th -' 1. "' I 'l il" *" | ,,, h,. .... ri,,,., and has~reccved the thanks of tlh e
r il. ]i. ah, de ">l'imwnent: rfffir'e are to be ln]. .1 W.k->1.n1'1 u-Iin ,. ,.t ll.t I..rh. 'l. ii ll.n. ,,f ,1J,,, ,,I h', I^ [Ill,,- I II- IbI-'..,'rces a1,,the tha nks, of ti
t ip l ie d a r d i t i s t il e l- .b.. .... n ., i.. u.r ... b c u n d e r w h ic h J l ,. -l 1 ,- .... 'i .. .1 V I, | ,. .. :., ,. :,_ip. e p a s t s e r v ic e s a r e t o r a is e Lt no o n
, .:.. A .. .,i I,_. -- ,li l b, i 1..l.11 1'-Ali,'"""- ,.: l.... .',', U..," nor, O g p t, o i tils
6 Il I IL.l...'I ... .-3 : ;1.W'ril'il.% Il AfLlr.'k l I,-11i. 1,... 1., 1c .. .toI 1. ,cU 1.,, ,c i, .
--I ,l .--- -,77 -1 "1 --Ii V. IL. .. = ". ..- J, .


* 1 i I I.. r. i i .. .1 ..- 1: .- -'...... t r I i "".Sl.' i l i Ur" U li....... c... ", n, l .. .... |t 1 1 A 1.., l -. "'-. ll
- 11 L :, v~it, th.: honorable or venial love ol I ... art Gen..M.'ntosh. Of this force, only one, it is believed, seated, should b'ui the back of a ictte to be sent by
", -c.nsp~iracy ; desire apd cduty ,I r, :: was killed by the Indians, and four w Lounded, and of the ta"'l, esI ; .i. ']-, ;1 ..,.,1 I ,,t be covered, ..,,-i:,._,i.
I _. ,.l a ."- "- I' '"; -y Ith .. .. -It which h seems t have b e,
< iic i. h i i ,. .- in iii. ,,**. ..... H 0,-l. d ,.: -E x ec utive is e n em y 4.9 w arrio rs w e re k illed an d 7 9 c ap tured be side 13 w ith u e
,1,_ .':.,rrij i-E,, ..f'p..j r ....t Ji..i. ,,, .-,,< I by its pro- 280 wom en aind children. proposed. L. i,, l h.i.... the court, in admitti g
., ,, .. '. ," lI, .., i t'r .'.L- ,.:; ...l ;:ll states, in Fraan these facts it appears tlhat the great ,l.,:,Il on :qtd rejecting evidk ccewere so entirely cont i.ry to the
p portionin as triley ae nree,to ddaiUar tinls propensity of our part was to find the. eneny ; we should then t,).up- p iples of law, tht fey have been generally rer&-
i: ., l ,,. pose that it would have been the wvvish of our comma der bated. But tie genitlentian from Pennsylvania (Mfr. Baid-
".. ._ n. ,-. 1,1 ,!-:. that can be pronounced on an Ex- that their force should have been conccn Lrated I SL. wiN) contended that at 'omnoin law, in a prosecution tor
eceuuve magistrate is that he is "the friend of peace-a Marks. And when we recollect that at the battle of' the conspiracy, li e cone'lsiou of one of' die conspirators
praise that rises in its value as there may be a known l Horse Shoe, 4.50 men drove from their eltrenrcnhiernt ig'ht be admitted against the other ; al|d, thereioie,
'capacity to s ine in war, so it must be one uf the first and killed more than 1,000 Indians; and when we corn. hearsay frosm the hIdia might be admitted before tile
duties of a people to mark the first omeiiin the society, pare our force with theirs, we cannot believe that the court loartial. It is "ue, that, under certain eireum-
ofprnc:pies, that may stimulate tile hopesol' ohier nia- injury they would iiave done to us,lhad tley captured tile ,stimecs, thismay be.dae. But \rheanl were tile confes-
o istrales ofanother propensity, to intrude into questions Spanish fort, would have been irrelwarable. sious of a person, no charged asi a conspirator, ever
< on whi., ,, .1 ,r.,,,h.-. .. ...o.-J. If a free people be BuIt,even if it were otherwise, Gen. Jackson "ouhtto admtted against mother, :o [.rove me *cimspuucij.
a wise -....-- ,,... ,, .;1 :.i l .get that the danger have left tie jurisdiction and tie profits to the rigit, own- Wihen certain persons cmibine to execute an illegal act,
4 of surprise can never be so great as when dte advocates cr." Instead of this, he takes possession, establishes having proved tile conhinatioln, 'he acts of one imay be
for tie tperogative of war can sheath it in a symbol 'tf [temporary government, speaks of tie g-urrisun as prison- considered as the acts if alland perllap'sthe declarations
p :.-"--etters of ilelvidius, by 01r. Jadiawil-new e- ers of war, sends them to Pensacola, and thence to IIa- of)onle as the declaratii of at!. BuLc when did we ever
itiwon of Federalist-626-.627'. L vann-a, and treats i as a conquered country. before hear, that the cafegstons of persons who were not,
It; then, according ,o the constitution, Congress only But, it is said, as tie commanding officer*would have who couid not be, c hared \ \i a erim'e, should be adciit-
lihas tie power to declare war, and judge' of its causes, the right to take the fort of ai neutral in case of extreme Led to prove that shoteler instigated tile at 1- Besides, it
they must necessarily have the power to secure them- "necessity, he must be the judge ofdthe necessity ; and cannot -be pretended that a- cor't mnarttal has cOglUZ-
selves in the enjoyment o. tbis their exclusive rig-ht' At being so; we have no right to censure him.even i1 he has aliceof-.he crime of ccispiracy, or that this was L pro-
least dhe, must- have the privilege of declaring that oth- judged w,'ong. But in this case he had no rigilt to deecnnton of that sort. nitd the gentleman from Peinsyl-
crs have" usurped the power, and.. thus preserve the ad- tie had his, order,. ; if" he departed from them he as. yaditted, that it wouldd not, technical, be so consi-
v ,,'.,.. t..i ,. ".,. Lcquiesced in.it. They surely are. summed tie responsibility, and, like all other ministerial der-cLd. lie also admitt-d tdit the court nartial"wvre not
.* i. .l.- I- 1, 1.. .' determination of a great constitu- officers, is accountable fo"r the consequences. It has, in- tius viable in refus sinfl u iilow the evidence ft' Ambsos-
tionali question, upon tile decision of a court martial, se- dc, been denied by one gentleman from Virgiiia, that ter, but SaN- Slt is ofuEde iiscoluenc because be could
lected.funm officers subordinate to .the person accused, he h~ad any such orders. It is admitted that Gen. Gaines not ha,'ve bern crcdital., Surety we cannot determine,
11Po t question. i. which their ow'n privileges are deep- had orders, if tie Indians took shelter under a Span- without hearing, whenhcthertips ma itsl \\ astworthy of cre- I
i.invbcl. Besides, the decision of a court martial ish fort, not to attack tiem, but to notit', tie War De- dit or not; and, when appears from I letter otile Sc-
1ililiit, akid perh-aps ought, in a great nmeasure, to depend partmelt. But il is said, ttere is no evidence that these crctarv Of' tatetlnltt, altiitli'b, these two nvei; milg'hLhave
Uptmonh 'lie motives wlieh a.r,,,! ;,. ].,' ",;,i Their orders were communicated to General Jackson, and, if bern embarked I' tile S.rIC cause, yet they were pcrson-
driceiius I--tere-re, w..l.- ......-,,.y .'.., at all tileyrav were, h" were not binding ripen hint, base a ail enctnis : we have'asgood at righl to suppose the tos-
the question before us; for here tie quesdicn is not a SUperior oiliccr cannot he bound by orders given to a tinony of Amb'ister in fivor of his-pocrsonlt enemv would
i .. ...... ',*,,. ;.,,,.. ri,:....,.i,,; .q ;, bas hic ,) institution petty suibaltern. "l'h.-. ,.i.l.. I .. i.. ii ,f be true, as to believe tint of HIla bly,_against hal, is be-
..'..... ,,...i i,... l, .... .: .'.,*T views winch led to equal rank with gW( ,, .1 '.I .1,h.,..IL .,,i.,-, :.,,d- g the personal enemyof Arbutimot. Perhaps,'howe-
s hicll violation, crn,&.werecoin -.. ....11,., 1,1, I. '., |, "-,, ...... ,1 hi,s ver, these questions art of minor importance, for, if itis
Besides, the question as to the right to- enquirer, has conduct. The Secretary of WVar, in his letter to Generail court. ha!d jurisdiction ohle oi'ences cliargeN, we are not
been repeatedly decided by tie house. Jacks mn, of the 2511 D e. 1.817, ",. ;,u. generuly of iere to review, thcir- judgment, aithoug hli it noght have
Ilh the case of Gen."St. eiiair,.alluded to hy the gentle- the orders to Gen. Gaines, says "e.. ..I... be furnished been erroneous. But wliat jurisdietIon lhad riis court?
Man N. ,... i.'.. '. 1 .... ".eit. Reed)-in tie case of Gen.. to you," and surely they would be fiiruisliedtfor iiootlhcr Whence did they.deriveii? ILNvas saiy the de-e nders of
:...... 1, ,.,. .... 1tie question was distinctlv p purpose than as rules of condl ct for the cuiuntanha l ,ng of-. 1l ..... '- -, ui'ce a" ainst d laws ot nations,
iidc',. and decided by this house, although no resolution ficer ; and, Jest it should be said that ihe Secretary3 did Iot punishable, however, by tie civil tribulnils ol of0r
passed in consequence of that enqluiry, ex-bpt to trans. not allude to these orders, but only to thle last order,, re- country. Tile constitution saysi .dlat Congress I.ity detail
inri tle,test.i;mony to the President. .So an enquiry was fTer to tile letter's of tie Secretary ol Stale, ill his corr ,es- and puI!sh1, .racics, ad felonies on til' high seas, a tdoft-
had relative ,., ,i ,... '! ,. ,; ... IL'w.. I t-i,, l .;.., 1 1, ... ,,,i,. l. W lh t ,.Spanish Minister and Mr 1i ,: ,,- To fences against the lawvs ofinations. It is, titic for (,orl-
l-si wil. A ,t 1 .... .. I ,1 ,t ,ec iting t .e a o .d.r G a .grfrss to give ehurt.'nia'f. is power, if 0 vte possess it.
... Ai a ,,,,.. ,,1 .. tt r ,itn ile ..... .... b ove ord' tter to G.e ~a~llci le.
ha-v, been.passed by Congress, anld one i favor of' Gen, he s"s, "You have seen that no instructions or authori= L ,, ,been done, ilts lo be to ii)d Oly .il the articles
,... ...11 !,,,...'_.--t i.. .1,1.. ...... ini,,i, ........-'. ,:,ly have been ty Inco'Iisistent with the declaration, of the President on tl ,. Look over that code, you find no power gi',.;n
I tided i Itoe()Ultfn]\ the doclaration 0of' the\1Phesidennttill
('ec'ided the 25tl of Marclh hlst to Congress, were ever issued to t c n t to pjmt` wh an y ;Sjfevd wi.h w N d "
1l.avi. "g -. ,'. : ."'- "- ,.- ', l...1'tleright thie om m anader of th A m erican forces. T he posses- -..n wcre char;-.. t at olaspy ; and o
ta eni-,,, ;, **'** ", *' ., : .,,. t* h considered is, h' sion which.he took of the fort of St. Marks, and subse- thisdtey were : ... l.,.,,...r,. lit, says dhe gentleian
yolii .. ..,. ..... )5 r. ... ,i';. net- only to enter the quentlv o..Peinsacola, was upon motives which lie himself from OhIio (Gen. tlarrisoii) to be sure the power is not
ter'il. ,. ..t ..... ,"... .,L,!., to C.a!'ihre te forts of has explai eIed, andl wipon his o-.n re spis hly. To Mr. expri by tile rdLiCeIs ofwar, bllt the power
thaiit naion, s, .I [,.: ii "t,, ,, garrisons as prisoners of war, Erving the Secretary writes, The officer in command mast :,I. ... 1I reside Ii ties courts. Your cude,:says
witi, ut tile .. ,. t Legislature ? And here 1 beg immediately before (General Jackson,, was therefore spe- hle,.is a very s'lort oae and cannot bt supposed to en-
l,.ave to remark, that it hIs ben our policy, and I hope cially instructed to respect, as ftr as possible, tite Spanish brace or provide for every cst-. It is true, this code is
i: will ever continue to be the policy of tlhis'nation, to re- authority, wherever it, wa'-maintained, ind cpias of" this a ,itshort code, but it is a bloody one, (perviaps tins-may be
nmain a pacific nation. It cannot, "l,-.. 1.1", ,, lmejr our in- order were also' forwarded to Gen. Jac]son, upon his necessary) but are laws o" this description to be extend-
teest to o.eind the rights of .. 1,,1.;,,, .command."j Gen, Jackson therefore wa, not to lldbV imi)hic:tiuin ? wU supreme court have decided
Had, then.-our officers aright, by the law of nations, .i. .-, '.. .e danger; and if, he did, he must it co tile that they ha,'e no power to puniisi otfences, but what is
tU capture the Spanish fortresses of St. Marks, Pensacola, i .. ....ii. hI, g ven then by tl l;,ws of dte IUnlited States, and havl;
and Barrancas, consistently with the'-eutril relation we But i i. *;.l 1., thegentleman f1'oTn Pennsylvania, (Mr no co0n1to"I. l..Lw jurisdiction; aid, if toVur supreme CoulC1
have"nt tb oe oe-Cl ter L3i;:lSU
,were in towards Spain'? If they hady it.nust have been Baldwil, ,1. I-IL..-,ral Jackson's defence, ou,,ht not to hJve not tar power to extend thelr ju'sieiolo, surciy
Cit.,er on tile grotIfd of extrenle necessity, or because be placed upon tlis g-round; that we should hear his your' military courts cannot possess any shilcl power.
te) ads too on defnc, and dride upo that.- In other words, Besides, is it to be believed tlhat the Congress of tile
to oa.znemiles. that lie is j.istillCd in capturing tdie Spanisli forts because U'"nted States, if they supposed that thCru dwelt in
As to tie firs'-Ilh what cases,.consiAtent with neutral their coniniandcrs. had given aid and succor to our cnc- courts martial under onir Governnent a pov,-w!r to puwsh
reiatiols, may we C aptur (htle fortresses of a power wih nmies. That tile General.has assuincd.this rotlni ofde- allu ofl'ences winchi it ilgtilt be proper to punish by mili-
whom Blte are at peace ? PufFendorfciics from Grotius fence, 1 agree with the. gentlemnal fTom Peunsylvsvisi. Lary uuthorihy, w l exp ssly providitu ...
the o lowhilg'asVtie rule. "it is lawful for him who Not supposhiig, however,t that it would Mlave been admit- pulsisnent of a spy ? i;, in a''y case, a court martial
wvaes a I; to a .v.. Idprssess himself, of a place seated in a ted. I' had en deavored to collect from tie letters of Ge' ; 'had. the general power contented for, it must have ein-
cointry ihiat i, at peace with hiii, if tlerei.btf. cevaiin (.lot Jackson evidence of the fact. In a letter of 'tlhe 25lhl of- braced ihe case of spies, for thev are the most obnoxious
on~ly imaiigtinary) daiqMr-tloat die eney will otherwise dMarch, he writes "I shall take possession of tie garnson of all clrmtinals; and ifa law o; the United States w'er
sapriz, it, anidf"o'n thence annoy him,* with irrhpabl [of St. Marks] as a depot for my provisions, if in tl6e lanidi necessary to-provide for their case, how much more ne-
.istLrf; e Spapiards, they havig suplied n dh Iiittjs."" In hi cessary is it.in a case where thc laws and usages oft at-
his~ I,,,;f -cSpitit. asthe hare custody el'thc place, leaving '
letter .of tile 5th of May-" In tde covrsaztou bltw eeu r are much more do1-btfnll? Aware of tde difficult attend-
both tie jurisdiction ancd th!e projit, to the right owner." iny Aid-de-camp, Iieut. Gadsden, and the Spanishi coin- iug this assumption of power, it las been seriously con-
Theso anr. the writers wiho are considered almost as o- miandant, circumstances transpired coavicding- him ofa- tra'iided, that this wasAno a court nartiall; and it has been
racles of the law of nations. s, then, thlis case within ithe *i called an advisory council. T'hat tie general would have
rule here laid do,.%n ? 'Was there certairl, not merely ira- *" Gen. Jackson's letter of'2;5lih Marel. tie riglit to advise with his officers, ill cases wherli he
aginary danger,' that the Indians would capture tdlws, for- '' Gen. Jatksou's latter of (ith April.' has th. right to act uposi his own responsibility without
Letter to flhe Secretary of War, Sith April. advice, cannot be dt-nied. But, il such case, who evi.:r
PLiS-rutorf. BookII. 11'ii 3 T. .1 Letter to Gov. of Pensacola, '25l,h May heard that thes.ic' oti:ers were s;.vorn, that they. had ?.
Loeter to Dn OUiis,'1.13d July. Letter 28th Nojv:


L. rt. r :.. "X r. giving; Sthi Nov. 1818.
L, ltter to the Sec etary ot' W'a, 5 h May, 1818.
Laws of t ; the cited Battes, vol. 4, p. 50U6.
[DIMATR TO nDE .C NrIuNUL.]


FRHANKFORT, (^KEN.) APRIL 9.
On Thursday evening the 1st hist. thle th. I-a,,
a I ,,X
steam boat lxpedition, of 200 tons burtthen,
commanded by capt. Craig, arrived at the ware-
house below this place ; she discharged her car-
go, re-loaded with produce, and descended the
river the following day. We are told by a-gen-
t!;.u[an who accompanied this boat a few miles,
the, she went the first six miles in 20 minutes.
This :s understood to be one of the boats char-
tered by col. Johnson to government, fl'r the Yel-
low Stone expedition. Thus we have the D, ac-
ticability ofnavig'ating the Kentucky by large ves-
sels, propelled by steam, satisfactorily establish-
ed." The obstacles to the commerce of the west-
ern country, which, a few years ago, .was deemed
so formidable, are ;";-.i.']ii .cidi,.g to the ingenui-
ty and industry of our enterprizing citizens, and-
the abundant harvests of our fertile country are
wafted to distant regions, with a rapidity that re-
cently would have been ascribsd to nothing short
of magic.

CHARLESTSON, APRIL 17.
Steam Ship.-The elegant steam ship Savan-
ynah, cohil-nataided by Capt. ..;2OsEs 1-o'GELtS, arriv-
ed here yesterday from iSavannah. She made
her run friom Tybee Light, in something less than
1 1 hours. This novel spectacle drew a large

concoUrso Of spectators to the wharves, who
cheered as she passed the city. During the day
she was visited and admired by several 1, ,11,dr...ls.
of our citizens. The Savarnah is a vessel rising
300 tons burthen, of very handsome model, built
of the best materials, an'11d il la Most ',t_,ui 1 l 'MtK,
manner. Her internal accommodations are upoi,
the modern plan ; her after cab)i being divided
from the other by sliding doors, which. can,, at
any moment, be closed. Th'e lodgings of the main
cabin arc enclosed in very neat and commodious
state-rtomns, having two wide births in each. She
draws 12 feet. water, her paddles dip about 2,
feet, and are of a semi-circular shape.. She ap-
pears to move through the water with nearly the
same ease and velocity as the common Steam
Boats, notwithstanding her .i ,,i, masts, spars
and rigging A's a packet, this vessel has great-
Cr advantages than any yet.introduced. In calms
or head winds, (unless of a violent naturee) her
steam engine must be acknowledged extremely
useful b'y all. And in case of a 11.i,. ,11 or heavy
storm of long" continuance, her paddles can be
unshipped a ad housed i'n less time than a corn-
mort suit of sails can be handed.


TO MY CREDI. U1Is..
Y TOLI t'er hereby no'inwd, ,i:mt 1 taiave applied to fie
Y i ,'Court'of Common Pleas of Adam,-. corony, Pennsyl- 20" DLIARS REWA$:PD.
vaola ffn,,the benitfi of Che acl ofthe Gener,. Assemblyv Will give the above reward for taking up and lodr-
,,i Iiihs (Cmnonwealth, pafsod tbr th relief uf inablvenl X. ing in jil, negro SOi.OVION, Ole property of Mrs.
dehtors;- anl said G urtlhave appointed Tuesday the?0l1l Maria .-t ulikin, a black man agedabomu 22 years, slender
of Mla next, for tie bearing of me and mv creditors, a made-, 5 feet 8 or 9 inches high. ills clothing when'he
dLt -cou:t houie o1 ithe boroug;i of' G t;'sb,jrg, in said ,went away, on Eas er Monday, were a new felt hat, short
county. ct).UNELIUS i)i';GRi>F. .drab jcket, and twilled cottonand yarn pantaloons itis
A!1a"13 c .unlty jail, april ,z1--,24]--3 likely he lihs other clothing. If taken up and confined,
.....-..-...... ; rmoau ion may be givenito ine, near Upper Mlarlboro',
PlIKY"TI."G thr'incc; (ieorge's county, IMd." B. ODEN.
OQ" every description sxrni'vd afth'tiks Office. april S, 189T--1 '"7










,, a. ... ...-, .. ,





S. *
-p4

The highly interesting Address of the Aumcri
can Colonization Society, which we publish to-day
reminds us of documents connected with tha
subject which have been on file for several weeks
intended for publication, but excluded by thi
length of Congressional Debates, to which w,
feel it our duty to g'oiyc priority. -
The objects of the Colonization Society are o
a nature to secure to the motives of i.lfuoL enga
ged in this great project -he respect of the -.. nl
community, and the warmest wishes for their sue
cess. In what are sneeringly called the slave
states, not to speak ofotl-'r.-parts of the country
there is to be found no man of education, wh-
does not acknowledge the magnitude of the evil
it is *lhe ,k i. of this association to mitigate ; an
there are few of them whose hearts and hauds
understanding the object, will not expand to il
aid. It is honorable to their character that it i
in this quarter that lias originated such a Soci(
ty, the most active members of which are among
the most distinguished and respectable men in ot
country. If those citizens of the -more fortunal
states, whoso Halls and Temples have so oftc
resoundedwith eloquent denunciations of the evi
L.;tlend. tli ll ,,",tl co-operation ii, the presec
,i..,l:-rt:ll.i.*', smuch good may be hoped to be ac
unrIplI~.d in, the only manner yet disclosed th.
affords the least promise ofpractical utility.
There are many who seriously doubt the pia
uicability of the object ofthe Society, at the san
time that they wish it success, and, if succe
'wi5t dt-niuitL ;.ialk., would not % ll't-.hiI thletr ai
Todie ,t-. itit-,n I*f .-.i h we re.con.mend the Ar
dress, to be found int.,-d .v L, p.... It will l
perceived that a practical object is presented
one .which, .iv tle aid of the humane ansd benev
lent act of the last Congress, may be iA.>-'.[.h ilis
ed with comparative facility. Without examii
ing the poin. of il, .ol *.bli.`.'- .tui; without eve
insisting on t.,L at l :--;ie) dil. ,: ;, rile : i, iAun... till
in the obi,-ct iirnu,-diicl) in hand; %, lich :q,piL
so forcibly to the best feelings of the heart, *th
vwe are confident the. appeal of the M..a'-- s.i
the generosity of th .\ ,i.: i icii i'-u[OI,l will n
have been in vain .

Bly alateO 1 i-ir:iI.t of thel Common Hall
the City iof Richmond, a salary of 2500 dc
lai's was allowed to tliuc M.i,o' of the City, at
to the body of AtIdermen the sum, of 12(
doll., -, o b e u i, i, iL i i. t. 01 .. t,1 1 .11,.1 1
Li [,ll iC. I Ih Pi pe l.,l c1 dil _lil' L ll ,' lti tl'. IV..
in,... dtr, i M' 1 t lior. tin Thursday wee
.;-',l, .t1,',,, v ,s t Iected the first Mayor umid
the ne) w ri h t.,. : These (il',' -rs had ti eli et l.
'served tthehe public without the iall. ,t Lit
i 'lt-hlil ; lt lt tl.C 'ic .i-_i.iitp 4." tl',,- lirts r1 i
hI iic b,s ,.. ii. hii.(l>h la' i l l ia.LC t inI ,: Ch.iit
t1 tLI' .ii Ll~. 1'. l, i'iil i, rniitLE d .S- e 'n* O piiihIc
ll.11l I' itila1, -L i, Ii n.,lli'a4Lt[t i to lit' iMf.m
a and ..kiti n,~', as r i'4i ht '. di .r,, l Ip l nt.p. .

V. i ; i ,*if. fs rn it t. 'i-i .11.. J.- The Indt
Lpi Ii'lli l 'r..-,s. N .i,. hl z,i 1M -. i,~ ,,Pi, ; printedau
puit ih-.utd !; u F ltr l-ler, kly, at ;-t diJll.
per anm iuni, if paid i .,d : x i..-r. six i,,llui', p.]
scmi-annually.in advance. First No. 1lu-i.I-.I.
on the,24th ultimo. .'
Southern C-tt, BowJing-Green, Kentucky
by Thonias Gre Aimn, paid in advance, or thrce, dollars, paid at th
expiration of the year. Ti-.. fi -t No. published
i: the 20th ultimo;
The Potomack P.e i;.,t0r, Sh. J pl.i'rh..I...-i I, Vir
weekly, by Robinsm'.! : i 11-. pcl, aI. ti.. .-:,r p
annum. The first No. issued on the rs5th inst.
The' Villager, a Literary P.aper, by a Society c
Gentlemen, published in the ..city of New Yorl
twice a month, in 16 octavo pages, neatly stitches
iin a cover; at two dollars per annum. .First No
issuedon the first Saturday of the I 1. .'i iinsilti

The two Alexandria Volunteer Companies
the Artillery and the Independent Companies
held a meeting a few days ago, and formally dis
solve th.-'ir .,~ '.i:,tiljr: ; pledging themselves t(
re-org:-.i ci,. .';. i. country ever demand their
services.

IHorticulture.-A correspondent informs ut
that, on the 20th inst. there was a shew of that
rare delicacy the Cucumber, at the Fir-nklin Ho-
tel, when Mr. James Lacy, Gardener at Elderslie.
was awarded the prize fob the earliest and fines
formed Cucumber. It is considered due to the
' meeting, (which was but partial,) to say, thn', ,e
Cucumbers shewed would do credit to any grt'den
in the U. States. :\ r- ar-. told that this beginning
is likely to lead to the establishment of a regular
society for the promotion of Horticulture.
- To the zeal of Mr. Thompson, Mr. Lacey, and
Mr. Boyd. (all Europeans,) are we indebted for
this stimulus to the improvement of a culture, in
regard to which we have not heretofore excelled.
Our correspondent expresses his hope that the
gentlemen of the vicinity will give their support
to t.he establishment of a Society for promoting a
competition in gardening.
S DIED,
In Warrnenton, N. C; on the'8th inst. after a long" and
severe illness, and at an advanced age, Dr. JAMES G. BJie-
nao, who for near 40 years had been a resident of that
state, te greater pai't of which, he lived in that place.
Dr. Brehos was a ni l'..' .'.! 'hI ,,.l .i.-,'.. .'-,,, r.i thiscoun-
tryprevious the ... ....--. .. .i ,'ni..l ,ti e
'en ful perioca,he wa- s air, ... 1 n .,, h..' i ,,|.,nIit '.P, y.
Me was a Patriot ofsterling principles.' Fond of scienti-
fic research, and possessed of i it L'r ij i ',T .. i,,-
read much, and his conversation .. ,i n.[i:, ". ,,.u i.p .
nation. Eminently skilful as a I'ri,:, .. .1 .... [' -.,' ,
Dr. Brebon was for many years devoted whollv to lis
professionals duties. As old age advanced and health de-


cayed, he declined general practice, visiting only a. fet
old friends who had long looked up to him when disea;,e
assailed t hem. A'mongst his favorite pursuits, lutkny anld
Horticulture held a distinguished place-tihe 4attr hlie
practically cultivated to some extent. Whilst health pet-
mitted, Dr. Brehon's House was the seat of ii..- i,' ,,h.
and "U hilie could no longer enjoy mixed conipary, the
voluntary visits of his friends lig'htcd up his countenance,
anu adwvakened his admirable colloquial powers. Ir. Bre-
hon had been mnminy years a widower, ad died wv-ealthy .
,ind without isdue


ptc

10




tI

iu,
le)


10t T'U EDI or6s. ADYIR L for a afe asyuti (2) where they. p ided'
-Iaviii,i scn in tI,,c '1rt.l'.. papers, sonie davs Of the 7' :'.." of '.i .u f !.,e .iCP.ur,:'ur, Go- for and instrictedili!Lthe colony can be prepared
since, a statement that avressel had been.eriploy- iizatiozn .- i.It ,, i. ri.'' Puebic. for thtirreceptionl. Pui.%ideii, hl;s thus enlarg-
ed to tow to W.,:_-fI,,, h,,r, tit S o!tthe Cilium- ed t.e
ed o owtoWnd tuc .'he Ta.Anfetheolum ed the .sphere oftiiefulness and the field ofex-
bus '.y I was induced t_ ,.h,...' they had been The period has .'' ,. '- 'the -Aneric' .p '
ade theteand wentt te Navy Yad hee to Colo ization Society is called -to increased act- ertion for the Society. The Ma;)agers are called
see them. vity and extended o -,,'.:-:.,. The attention of-to a more active duty, ar- i Ofopi. )rt un,ii, is thus
It turns out, however, that 'the timber is only the Society has hitheto blipe ; it .: a-L.r'. i ven to the puir.-, n iht- r., ,ii',ni.-n fuI,
in its rough state, and that miLch labor is'yet re- in ciecti- g andi Tu: ... info action. Ti,..' r- '.p. -ri,,is, to test li. in r,t,y of those expres-
qutiredl before the mastsarefitfor service. What .a m collected" L,.. ... +to satisfy sluso of detestation to frequently -ittn"I .I -
,i I -..'taphs are intended for I ams at a loss to form action thus collected i. t to s atislyi
now, unless a desito i ope l the public beevery candid and judicious iriirer, that tie es-, the lave trade, and of those frequit professions
the motive. tabishment of acplo on the est coast of A- of sn .y or the absed A -
I recollect an instance of the same kind when rica is safe and practicablk, .,1) i a i t will be of, cans:. The P l1 i i: i. t' 0c .,..;i ..', .i-.-h.4-.
the Macedonian putiito Norfolk to refit, andwas great benefit-soth to this ..-1iilI '.l -.. Africa Ithe tiie short ; much'is tIc I .d,, i. ., few dayis,
enabled to proceed in a few days on her voyage. oe rIpi likewise, theaters a dbtofFjus--u bibswillbe belyondouri I...
Theie iaLs she took i had been ma'"e and were. tce aid o ,d,- ; ,, i l ,. t is supposed that about-five-thousand ll. s
lying in the yard for at least four years previous, .ce and of '-dii. -l r. P '- .Frii 'l'i ",- C e t r b o fv t p i, :a. t- uf
and the iron work necessary for them vas r. ady of this country -to Africans, and ,r ,c :t.-. ...- .-' ... t et an, t't d aher,re i,"
for usc- so that the superiority wished to bei, at- ants in both continent s, 1. I it .-in 1.. discharged not t e to ,i I ... I,.'-l. .. .I !,-ai ...i ti .ui.i -
1. 1 ] to that establishmt ent over others ,f ., ,,-,,:.t il, : l..:,itt:,: ,i l. ,, ,- t als, it is. requeased' that the" .-.. :rih >e. IC IIt
uil. i kind falls considerably, \. ,:- i tri th' .i : .i r i p r. '.ur t '1 I .. f r .,p1> ji .. ..'-, "u .J ,1, i 1 -. -,PO, I'. to thisobject; will tm atte
known. ( Xn p I y'. ;.. I., -.. h'o i ..- -, li" enable the

o : comlrn ending the "-l[ I'U .. t 's u li i' ''i"! ', '.r i'. i 1 .n li tl.'< IL- I' 1 1' l il i thle G eor.
TO ALL WHOM IT MAY CONCERN. be procured, and il, ..--' r, .,i,, ti.:P gia law. ,',,,;- c alli-c ifor this purpose, and

Calling at the laksmith' shop to get myiorse shod, made. he Board have since been .- in donations tor the general object of the Society
i Mr. Amwi, (who is the ... one; in our parts, that takes ,e,,, -.-- ,' r,".. i i'... for tiese arranueiicnts, a may be forwarded to JJavid English, cashier I..l
Syour taper,)' showed me Mr A Water-ma's piece, and the Union Bank1 of Georgetowvn, Distfict of Co,-
laughed most heartily to think how Mr. W. ri tickeld Ins btief statement of .'ii. it i.s proposed to ay .
jokes on me. M-h Anvil is a great wag- N... ..'.1 I. i,,,.re the public. In the number ..t' circum- luinbia, 'I the Society.
will bet ten to one that Mr.. Water'man hIr some goodstances whch have since ocurrd t stlriglen e. know that we comdaearce o'utr i. i..'.
friend in -the City Council, who wants his vote at the next stances which have since oceuruetd t stirengtie
election, and this is the reason why he has got his puip their hands and encourage their heart r., :,,- ',I""'. ( n,.L thf;. call at a time peculiarly embarras-
r mendedso soon. But to think of :l young' lady! mate thir' zeal ani qiL k l it.p. I do-., *i .1 sing. Times and Ieasons are in th. hands of
I wonder if Mr.; Waterman "laughed" to sue her i the .
,r, .,1;. i,,,, l P ti... i,,- r.: ..i., ,,t ii.r i eli. c.r.rtellil ifT ecognise t .: -tf.irh .,i ,d _... H.n, t' "'n .oeth w lat : .t. hnt 1. :I '. i : id .. ,
1 .. p l, ,,. i, -.llt l.I ,"'- :,- ..f..,."- .. l.. b:lauighsalso. their hum ble efforts. overrule all to. our g,.,.... H .. i,., :,. .1, ",.
If hIe stuck in the mud it wats not on l14th street I sure 'h h' i -
-i niusthave bt-en,it1atll,o ii te road to eorge- It is already known to the1 pu.'c. th.l EI thi l u-tich objects, but I. if.utl to 1ih, Loid. \VWe have
t town, tor he his travelled none other since, nor will he nagers laid lI. .,.L e Congbress. I rh. I .. : ion, a' _-.1. .. t ,e believe to be the openings '(I
Until 14th street is arL. I'. t -r. t a i a ghs, it is at .. T i
his own gains, and to think how the goodpeople of Wash- great variety of documents, and other valuable P '. ,,... This : ii,, miay be '..' -...I t. ,y
t ingtci. i -L i.:. : .5 ,It,..I t I! o '. ', ;..-1-1 :; i f .I, 1,relat veIto 1 11-..ti ,, r-elatiive to I-f p '... .. -i- 1...\' I "ir- f 11.., '1id test otur sincerity. lihe widow's
ays. i .,.. ..l.. .'- '1" ru_ n" .- ..n a .. .'.trade, i..-.1 h.e. tia ... i. i 1 have been mite was more acceptable than the costly offer-
..r l. r o.*I rr 1 h sat. I :I,,the
"- :'.',' ..pii.i,. lr. .V ar,.i ,1:.:, ',- l .[, .:' lh I.... .. t... published by ih..t bod.:-, with the Second A annual ..I n f the great \\ ill r.. i the .- ..- :
o ttdign '. l ti r ,w: .... ; ...(. ef .. :.u.... i. **" h pp.. of'the t r.r .- v. TI' -i',ri,,r of r t -.- ow made in' a-proper spirit, be more acceptable
s water- adroads .- ii I 'r, ..... sion, and thei mass of other :important "i,'-, rIut lihe 1 tir, ~ p tr'. i,- t.- f...s .,.P r,. of ait i-
" -' '. l ._^ 'viili i hIiMPLE. before:C .:i' .i .-., did rit's l :,v,:. i.ilicL:i it iin,. I,,r1 'd.,1 ? ? .
S1. I. M r. .n, a:., 1 i if I did not intend to -".1
I... -.r|,,t,,ih .., b._ r,,',' .1, *I.;,:h" ,r r' ',F ..i at our thO L d ;i I.us.. 0i i ._! c- l. h:lt ,d L fI, I f l t i ,.l i ,t 1! ..,l .. 1e t,. r r, l o f ..r ,t .
; i....i, ,I r i.h .. i, i,.- hl. i ,. p. si r .'_ i.'.i ai,' rd-r- tp"l. ni'i .,sl tsl.i i i .\h .- .. U1nlp woon, Recordingu e Sccretarv. -. ,
S in fair hand. ',- ,.: .... ... ,, i ,hL i l,,: I .I h t -. ,,, .' 11 ',l ,hl I. l n i l d t .i ,
t"- thVe.i he t.h li.I,. I p i ,... i,..._ r i ih i I. i 'lP. I.iL tp'., [ th .IP. I l; i rolibiii. lthIe slave trade," \. )
'- l '.. r I I- ... was zealously -.s i [,,i i.-:d by tii. .h -ndl-. Frm-, .',- .
.. hi I. ll a.l hf r5--"lock the stable when the horse of tlin S,.icN', a1 nd, t i,., l\ pr its i..,.-.. -, a p 'LL Ail '.'i
1 i-.l..i." \\. I,., another---" astitch in time saves co m,-,,t..,: is :rpilitcd 1 h.- oard to wait on Tisday, the i i..I i. lhi the .town o.f
-. .nini .S n .. .. "' Si.S .o a ll. ..II t. ,- .. ale, t r
S i i .. p t' t lhe Pr>-- sis'n.ielt ,1' L I|r h i U itIl S[.utes Lnd the l,.i-:.'lr bidder, b-r ,a u t, .. 1 l.. rr i.ri e At .....u .i.~
1 C. 1.- i t.! 1 i.5 L ''.r. Tonaso'5, of I, c l I;".1,en t1.1T, t"p"lI.II ;. e air'. I f .
S r* ,, ] .:i.. ,.. .o (,'i."h-l,-r... .fT ,..1 -.To So Of ,1 d>:p ]l[,,cr I i.c i,_i l l- LL:r lp I A l .e .l .... '.t. L. i ..'.-... --"; ,';-i oLOtby the r t,. ..It' ...
.t the Str.icre _,, I r,, t -, I ,, rr'., 1 t'l, I'reasuryde- "'C .. -,M .. Lb- I-... h.| I. .n h. introduced con-
- ,lpuptp.' ir ,:'ef pl .,,,,PP Utip Offi ice of (,,l..r,.r l.t h,. :,. \ th t ey mi eight be [,r t l Ii. p ... ., ,. ,,,, ,,,, ,lu .
t i i -'r P,. .' I ,lp t been p is ; tu i ..t I I -I p "p n'i. it into effe t. 'Froni the m ea-i- ipi t I.l otn s,.t h,.: uh ,de ana d r.:f.nip [. .... i ,-
t Ir-,, oft, i,.H.ton, has beenpublished qidred. By ordrOf tire Govenior,
I ., lth. "-,.ul,.. i ph ., .i ,,:, we.copyit sures -il.,preI l., lpL- L.-.e.t ilC, IL I, priI...' i1 March 6, 1819. CHARLES t. L -L Ag't.
8 st ,V .wlti.,' 1819. thi there will be iiumbir or I ..ii.i ld Nr.)r...f (Note 2.)
Sir : At the moment when it becomes indis- to be provided.for before the i] ufl thi: y ear; and Georee IT' P. PC..iti'. Esq. of Arlington, the -nrl.Wn
I r. ,I-it th t I should enter upon the office of assurances' I. i..; b..t c,i.< n ihat, if the Soi.y le d, fre the I.' ..I. I
SCollector,,I feel it impossible to reconcile the re- would procure a --.|.,r i l.u,h ,IIin Africa, the Bay, and accompanied thp ..1. r .,,, r,,. .t, .....-[
s ignation of ti i,\ I -l t .L .ih.e wivith my sense of urI N<, ,, '|,, id I. p, f,,'sr its care, at a u ui --I.1 'it sland, andis hapi -
ip l.li duty. li u unia ti.edI, ondness for retire- at1red N p,, -h d tt t its ca i '" l .l .; I .. .".i.. l locatedd for the purpose;
t menti,,h l -e interests and V ij shc of my l.dill and'be i,,.,..dL. d for at tIhe [..uit,. expense, the ,e n ,, .. I i,,. u,1.. ,..a'. V, t.r- Tb. .a .
have long kept my mi ndin suspense; butit i h.l : ,L -c4 r t.IO be I ur-r.t1 'l ) the l' C:,r idCou i .i 'I I i.. .. .. ii i, .. b- u ... .
S finally, and iupoi.in i .lit tli.tire t diclibC '.niiI. 5.. '- r tlw i dLiuii ..l. A ,niib. I ...pl ,,, c ,'-
L, ifed niyself, Ll t I ha l.'Ic.. Iid 'i.t lt. : .l. -il I-,y i c1', i(1iii'L: t Pi l t ;(- I.I -, 1,; c i' p. 1 i pp,:'., .
I f, thl:, I .,re.,up[1 0d IttILat i lt c :i,,IItVh c l t 5 ,f t i.tti th l:u ,, i.
- u | reproatih s, \, r. 1 l to s r i, n\ in ,. Cr sis or n .Irc ,i of,-.-.,d t[|..... lc, cs l..t.i he >ohu .h 'lo '-* r ",i .,'n:I's I ,,.(-',,il. ,ro r;,, ,

I,,.r t e l I ,l t. : .K ,l ,. ..d b ihi ., l i,,i, U ,) "- tl or I i. l.IIi, Fe rI I I l I._ C ,,, t C n .. .. 1. |, _
'- t, . i l .i ,i


O n .ul l.1 t-. i.li Uill,:- r I rI it, ci l. l .tii :- ,,
my duty i.. t ,i ilni.inri utIerel am. M.iiry o in,
reasons, and those not the least iiipeii .ilt or dih.-
ce interested, are of a nature which delicacy toothers
d forbids that I should communicate. But there
rs are enough of a different nature, I hope, to vindi-
1 '.L,*ti my, consistency to you. You will recolit i
1 that when I communicated my intention to resign,
it was entirely on the supposition that my duties
v aulM bI increased withol t any increase of sala-
ry. Ihe reverse is, in fact, the case, and altho'
e L1h- t [.'".ib:l', opportunity ifll.i, h: i t.'y this appoint-
d merit, to riemnain p- rii,.'I ,i]i ,ii 10'in i; L.,'ota of my
family, in the enjoyment' ofcompetence,had near-
r. ly overcome my better- judgment, I have finally,
y after the :,i-ii cat deliberation, come to the con-
closionto make a solemn sacrifice of interest and
f inclination to higher considerations. In fact, sir,
I no longer feelimyself neglected by the goverin-
:d ment, and have no sufficient excuse for ithdi..n. -
ing fromin then the aid of that experience which
I have ,:. .uiriLd tI their ,.-i ,1 1... Every.other
quality may be easily supplied, but my experi-
ence on the Supreme Bt-nch is not to be replaced.
In my long career of fifteen years also, I hope I
lhave :,.iu(.td the confidence both of the govern-
o ment and the people; and the many flattering so-
r licitatioins that I have received, convince me that
I 1, ,Ill di,:.p-,oriint the expectations .of many ex-
(-ill. nit n, ii, hI l.\ valued friends, should I retire
S from tle nipi'inc- Court. The interesting aspect
t also that the business of the Supreme Court has
lately exhibited, its acknowledged importance arid
weight in the Union,and the responsibility which
t it has been called 'n to assume, satisfy me that I
Sought not to appear to steal away from the d'is-
charge of those duties, or from my share of that
responsibility, in order to fill a station of less gen-'
.eral and determinate importance to the Union-;itfid
susceptible 'of being discharged, with, perhaps,
moreability, by so many others.
In the ri,' r.ilile, sir, I have studied the office
of Collector, and find that it will admit of being,
discharged with great facility and perfect securi-
ty. But ii i.ip.u-t be by the application of system
and firmless, and should the' person whom theo
President shall appoint, be (lip-,..,-I to consult
me, I will with pleasure put them in the way to
conduct it so as to relieve himself, and do credit
to his employed's; at the same time that he pro-
cures for your office that information which you
expressed a desire to collect.
"1".- ,- 11 ,,. the Treasury.


NORFoLK, APRIT 20. .
His -;,-i...n.; Majesty's ship Fou'Rs, Sir John
Lewis, Bart. commander, 1-3 days fronr Halifax,
N. S. went up the Bay on Sunday last, to take on'
board,at Annapolis, Mr. BAGOT, the '.: 1 .-. Minl-
ter, for England., (

MhARRIEI, :.
At :N-i .. h, on Tuesday -... ,.: last. by the. e 2e.
Notle \ ..u'.-, Mr. WsI..aIaI L,., LABB e st'', of Prince
laeorge's coInty, to Miss S:unA Yot'ue, only daughter of'
Nicholas Young, Esq.


PRIME CHEWING TOBACCO,
In kegs, kept for sale by
HUGH SMiTHil & CO.
Alemr'ndria, anr-ir l-2o.w?m '


t
PI
o
t0
l:


S lie i tt ui t ij ip 1.r t.: c.c- Iv.,
fiti4 ii iprii To 'f ip1 1.1 ii
S | Ij...Ilan T| o y tin o' i.t, 1-., hIl
LIth: l i a 16 $illitm, Al M ,:;'.
the Society.: To those w
tlhe value of his labors tridI
pastoral services, this appo
the hi., .t I icd._'.. i v.lt.h l
to the public of thq impor
which they are engaged,
perseverance in their di-,.h
The Managers have enter
and .I, LL-tei in these nOp:-'
dependence upon Divine P
reliance on the j justice, I,.1i
of their fellow citizens,. th.i
niary aid will be afTorded f
their plans. For the purpo
and of giving and ,r,.'.-ui'i,,
nill be sent to i-, I difft'-. .r
States, and to such other pl
nient. It is hoped tlh.a. :i'm-.
ed in different parts of the
the Siciety. Over so widely
much must be left to tli \v
the people.
We have, however, :.v, i
ing call '.Ji i,,,., -hi.ne relief
since, the Hon. Win. H (
the Treasury, one of the V
Society, transmitted to the 1
advertisement in a Georgia.
for sale, on the 4th of May
nqgroes, who had been init
in violation of the law p
trade. (1.) 'she law of Geo
sales, passed December 19tl
found in the appendix to th,
port of the Society, p. 91, le
section of'that law, it is pl CAi
vious to any sale of any suco
the Society for colohizing- tlh
lor, within the United Siate
transport them to Africa, o
place, which they may procr
free persons of color, at the
Society, and shall likewise i
the governor all expenses i'
since they have been capture
his excellency the governor i
quested to aid in p~iol.'.i,
),f said Society in such a man
expedient.
The Board ufianimously
themselves of the privilege c
and to send an agent to Geo:
he conditions, and to take ch
y'-victims of violence and fra
of returning them to their na
ions are -7 ,urii'-, ,with the aid


SALES ATr AUCTION.

This Day at 12 o'clock.

A. .E AT A CT' ON.
j -" This Day, at 12 o'clock, mevidi3r,
.-,' w il U be expose. bY Public Auction the
.*'i schooner Lely Lass, bur lien 100 tons,
-' + i' stau n ch and stro n., -w ith .1...I. r ^ 'i. r. ; .' -,,
chory, atnd cable comipicle, as ashi nov -.- i L-. -i..
wlaf. .

i 'Hi: P EABODY,, Auctloneer.

-.'A i t ??TRY R:' l i',
* p p Ti .IT. t l' ({Iin "t ':
ON-. Thrisdh 'the 6;!i Of(' v net, .-ill re.sold at-
PCrao fr d's I'.,. ofn't ato 5 o'e lock, 'ihe cotuiry"
s fat ofM r. ... -., i .... ..; ,,, n.. ,, ,
stone hou e -- ]'i II .... ,, ., i, I ,.
S .. ,.3 ;c uised by .... ..,.tw th 2 garceins, ann
I Lt.. spver d i .,- .- *

sufficen litt t '.ii a .
Th 'l'cteir;ns are liberal, atud will be made k:iowo at tlih
time anid place of sale. ]
e prgetown, april '24- '

N Monday ,.. thb, 6lth Inst wdl hbe sold, treee
S .,.r I.,_- If ,. ', and Mechanics' Hanck,
I ....r.. ..., ,1 i d.... ,1 '. le of I..W atkins, dl-
I l,.. .., -.1 .... 1. 1 ,. .. "" ,' h.',, w tire ik ; d,. ., -, 'n,-i,-
blankets ; corruno-ys; ve.vct(-n-. i..].. -
Ih ishlnp ena s. '"'n *li-ll .,ii.l ; r ,.!- _, .. .* .: ...
muslics of ,'. 'i ir dimnities; prinfied cl:coes;
do ,handkerciefs ; wite .cottons ;. woi'sted 4nd coutou
hoa ery wviite annei s heytaicks; witi a i ,rh'al as'f ort-
irT '- .. t. ,. I' d ir ,- '.. i ',-" -t ,. a d;. i
11 'r ,', ,,i,, rend I. 1 .- i..-... opportt w v y t .
S!'h w s il l t roai'l .ve lire. -,
I' ... *I- ,; i,_ -old I lotq:s to ?'it purci.haers.-.
.rir, a. m. and
'I.4 -. l' i ..- 1 pp .li ,I nt n., '1 i'll ,I *i ldI ,,
I I d l I. \ 1,' .


S;.'I tl 1. be e xpo ed to ptliric salr.:..r .,,, ,
'' ..I lh init funr'eash, on Ihie i.e ll I .. '.'
thilc, interLcst and ciain o' lPalricke M .. .
., ,, .' ., i ,-. r r pIarcecl f I I 1 .i .. -
*'.''I '. .. hea 'r the I ',k i-'Vji i i- ,torilac,
'.' 1I .' .. **r I he resIlr ., i s Park,
.i i Tr 'r more or les, ogeth ,r ii-'h .I Inr-a
Vl\ i;'ittdeir ; ta n and l .1 1 i .... .,- rit ( of
v t'eii tlr i Cie p ias, issil I .I I r
-cohrl, ,- t,;- 1 s .. .. ,. P .L
executor of Sami el Davilnom.
u. r. ., ..at .I... r, '. Y n
'. -. ARNOLI, I i.,late sheriff.
-.. rI '-er ts -
'}+"~. : J- ; i' 1 i.
f~ iSaturday the -i ...... a I I o'clock a. m. will be
So d t ." ., .r '. i, .-I ii ,,i.

,,rtcle's, A Io. O ', 'A n -g'rob ty i 'j n I,,-, 1 1 ... i.l ,I .
-pi'".y of Richard ... A r L, ....
-,'".-it. &c.; th ie hole- of whlicl \. I.i ,., L I t. ttu .
i ';.' to close variouIs cr ncere s.

':, .: ,i lJ ', -.LL -

i (I \'p- .,, '. i i I -- -. .'.


: i I .1 1 1 1 ii i i I ,,i F, Ii- r i I '. lI ,I
I: 'I : "" :-, ., .J

r.


*I L'dttl', ].:'ii ~ t.i lu n c : h .t I.i ., 111 rT'. llp n.i,'c ,, i,, .dl..l ,i,, ,'. l ni ,tI..It S"i '"'u' -p .l,, h
S I l ,. < r, ,r ,,, ,, ,f r r.
0* 01r.lia, & n l april 24- .-I !
'ho know Mr. Meade, Ia i '. ': .. ,,,,.
,~e i ...'..... of i.. .. .... !ola ip -'. b' ... i ,
1hw i.nl--J Lan of his W whereas a majority of tiel, ,, ..1" ,'i ,'.,l. ... i l. .... .... ,
intmtent will be one of cal Societies and Nlcd,.:.l Schools in the Middle C" .' and afiler des-lrio r per
thi M N1i.,l. I can give States, have agreed to send d.h-li. .,t,. to tl.,. Dis- ty, will be made kuu .n ..,, th .i, e. pper
taice of the duties in trict Convention, to be held il, Ptl.1.Iphl.ti., oin 'O. 1 I.'. v'iri
ad (lo til, h :,. ,I and the 1st day of'June, A. 1).1819 ; therefore, lSe: Executo .,, ',
Itesolved, That the District Convention in the "'i abov e sat is osto. 0 -
Iedpo.J". t h Middle Si tS..-, for the formation of a Pharmaco- 'h b sale is postpl..ed. i. ,iv
red upon these duties, peia, be held inm the city of Philadelphia, on the 1.. ire 2l.. 1 ... housee
.i,:, with an humble Ist day of June, A. D. 1819." f Ezekiel Kig
' l,;idec.:, and a firm Extract firom the procccdi;sis of the comn. of corres. april 2- -
i., and lI- [ New Attest, L. SPA LDING, 5Lt D. S c. Ni -i'
Tnecessard New York, april 2-[22]-- -R. TiI0 i LL. I. ,.- i
I 11L necessary pecu- Hospital atthis place, has returned I...-,, th. prose-
or the prosecution of y?%'Doctors .TT. ~.f,, Thomas Siim, and caution of his :.r *... 1 .. nh.," iiPh la t p rst
)se of i-.iol, funds, Henry lut11t, are the Delegat:es from the Mcdi- sue,,: .. ..- [. ..... i' ,. -, ,,-i I .,, ,
in th, u nds, cal Society of the .District of Columbia, to tihe heAs '.-.. 'I 1...- ately .i p ,-l b :. h
,- turhr,, ,, agents District Convention in the Middie States, which' i"'n' '' ", ; ... . .
.,ii in the United will meet on .the lst day of.Ju e. 1819, in the city the sick I who '> rmu-l re lsel vi- *es .. t
laces as will be conve- .#tPI I'dldeivlplihi., tlr the purpose of forming. an april24--6t .
..i-ir,,. will be form- American Pharmacopaia. A Gre -- I','i I,, t.. ,I h l pF, 7.7.
.United" States to aid April 223-- HA VE about seen hundred-acres of rist tu second
Rate land, within three and an half., I ., II of ie
ly extended a country TA CO'41CTI INERS. pr .1 ,,, I. ,;., -... .,' Of Winch ster, Freder-.
icco'exertions Of le or 1y 1 R. .. i P witiP lion ,e-tfoulrth if'a orile of
Ai.rt.,iG exertions of G.arden, nearly opposite the Cathbli -the great road leading fom W,,,. ,... tothe fwes ern

Chapel, in F street. country; aaontt 3 0 acres ir-,.- .lell adapted o
i,:, 11.L e .t more press- Q NS, Sonci Garden wili be ready to t eUT on the 1st ,. .. ,,n .i.i,:-, .'timbered, with ie-
fand aid. A few davs O' if ay next. There will be on the premises a plun- ,, ,, .,,. also one ofsph
, i Secretary of ing o hth. ta shower bath, a never failing g ui.ply of' p; "" .' r. .' r.lahel t lids haiae
water, iwo quoit g'rouniishadyaibuurs fur triit accomnto-- '- '" .,. '"' 1 i.'",,, -' .,,,' covered with c-o-
ice Presidents of the da.io u o rds o hudired per ons, and a ciun o- ve "ld.re in excellent hear. The m'adow laid is ex-
3fat d of manage ai- an... ious shelter fo'0m sudden si owers. This ei. .:,, I i letvelC, anLd *.. 's watered t', the ,, ,
L'bard of managersrs all;nare about a cs1
S" i s intended for acconimodaiing the putibl.. >lp *'.'-. pleas.ote Ttioi"e aie about -'0 acres i. '1
newspaper, -',l- ill I creailms,; leonalale, melons, tea, coffee, &c. in a pleasant set tu inothy, and 2(j acr;is more on which corn umoe
next, thirty or forty shady retreat, lnquire t wheat have t .. .., i..-i,,. i. I tivated t ir nearly there
S.. t the april 24---t)NM JOHN GARDIN ERl y'a';s .its : -.- spri"'n wilh "tin otlt and
nt, ,.,., 'the state cloverseed; ai.d labont ten acres lmmed ateiy ;,' p -iii
I/..,, .the Stave TO BE Lf it mnay b easily:prepared fior t .nethv. Thelinie stme
,,. .. To,/,,a, n'tn stsi a, wih. small Favrmi annedx lad i's divided nto o tenemnent on both ofwhici there
rgia', diecting these ,;. subscr. t' he s to i let or a teri oi ycars, .,ra a r t ".....'... ,., ,' .. .I ,, ".. .. aith avariery
h, 1817, and may be I sourt-ler period of tini,. that, well..known a'Iiveri of gpod fruit' res. : .
SSecond Annual Re- ian I iart,o 0 ...1'I .. r..- road .eua fi,. l''ie l second ra e land ;is :.-l in pine and oak tim-
'econi e Annul city Re-i,,.-- villa" '. er. well hfiticd for pank and scaiitling,; a tW n mill ad-
tter 1. By the third The tarin contains 14.9 acres; about ,0 of '. hiclit is in joins it, and wood sells for five dollars per curd in Wiii-
i,.ll,I That if, pre- good '. >... .I. .i.e-third of which 's .improved; al chester.
most .1l ,!I :, ,i,,. lu:- feared, and may be prepA:ed for iThe millers directly in the neighborhood wive the'
h persons of colour, timothy the ensuing fall. The buildings are large, and dexandria and teorgetown prices for- heat The
e free persons of co- lately put in repair; with new slabk-s, a neat garden, neighboihodl is liigly respectable and agree-b'- I .
ts, will undertake to productive of good fruai and vegetables, newly, ecilosed; chief'Y composed of Gierans and Quakers. loon'ud"ri
s, wl under t wael ofgood water coivenent to the hose and stables. fi'v- sadl that. the lime stone track may be convre in
r any other foreign Inmmediate possession. will be given.1 To a respectable to a giod dairy farm, and it would be sr, -.1. i.
ire as a colony for Iperson, calculated to manage such an establishmemi the n on ftri or.h., 1or for the I- .1,1. of i, ... 1 .,
sole expense f sai terms will be e.Av. Apply to .. nwer :..,. -.ll ie .11 _th I.n .- ,1... r, or divide
sole expense of said JOHN C. IIEfRP'. tL, hlem :io ii. i.r i, i
i'y to his excellency april 24-1lw&2awtjitiel near VansMile, Md. "In paymnirit, Iwilltake cash, bank stock, a' good bonds
icurred by the state 0L'lTe Alexandria (Gazette, and ,.he Baltinore Fede- andh notes; or i it shoutl bIe Imore ;-.. .. ,- i self
ral republican n are requested to.pubhsh the above three ,hem, on 't theyyield to, m bai as sn i,i, -, from
ed and comdemned, tumns a .weel- for five weeks. h n, that they.yield to me but a sunl ,,cbie. TI,
aidtims atweekfor five is, beyocind :dll doubt, equa1 to tui in th, tUtritel -Stales
is authorized and re- R ^Ti. or f* aer-m b titines.
is authorized and re- _NOTICt. For further irticulars, referceti is .. n, .ts
ire benevolent views f LLpe sons indebted to the subscriber, in any shape O1n the pr,:nmises; to capt Isaac S. 1. 1,,,. +,. "'
iier as he may deem .- wla:ever, are i.-if..- ttit i,,i.r,p ..,. I.ii .t) .l Mu.ito Eli Swearingen, Esq. of e I iL. county,
in a few days, be called on with their accounts tor a set near Iat*le-own; "o Mr. Wm. i'Holldav. of '
i-. .,., and that payment wvil be'required in cash, or 0mr' Balk, Winchester; and to injself',at I, I.,,,
determined to avail note at short date. Those who do' not coimipy with one Lodlouin county, Xa. distant abu't 40 nitles iaon i.'',-,
,ontsied in this la,,- or the other, may calculate on beig suaCed at the iexr chester 3lE s
ontaned imthislayw, term of our couait. 2 t S. INI'.Va. pi tI.
rgia to comply with arge of these unhap-F PUUNITURE, &c .. ': .. o the N folk Sleavm d iU,
aud, for the purpose ILLbe sbld at es'ction ad commission store, P mben A a of the e"t q Scaltling, and Fra-
tive soil. Preara this day, the 24th inst. 'at 4 o'clock p. m. a few stant s ply w ill be kep't n hand, ai turnisbd t con-
of the o iler i articles of furniture, sad a trlnk of dry, goods, &c. A redte t thenotice.
1of the government, april Q4- ,1), -VIES, asct ,; ma2t--lawtf -











i .-- ---'.-' .--- _- .- L- v the traalports with"ordnaeice, provisions, Ke.
T*HE NEGR.O i'ORT IN EAST FLORIDA. Up the river Appalachicola and Chattanouchic,
St6 such point or points as may be required,ifprac-
Tce. destruction of the Negro Fort in East Flo- ticabls; shou', i u n.ct with ,',pp.- sition from the
rida, in July, 1815, by the forces of the United Negro Fort, -,i:c.l as t-d ir. thel -iti,on the
States, has made a considerable fig-ure in the pub- former river the military officer commanding
lie documents which were laid before Congress, will have orders to destroy it ; in which you will
from time to time, during the late session, and co-operate. The plan of attack to be concerted
arein.possession ofthepublic. The circumstan. between yourselfand him ; th,_ tn:r, ,t t, v..ll Lit
ces oiFthat 'r s -1.:i., s far as in our posses- under your direction. eant,..Iv. In lthe event -of
.:on, e. now pr united hostilities between the- In idius and the United
Of the occurrence referred to, when it took States, you will, ifpracticable, afford any'aid with
place, the official accounts were not published, your vessels in your powerto the army. .m,.in
and private letters afforded us but few particulars-. i that river and co-operate with them until it
A call was made upol the N'avy Department on shall be necessary to return here for provisions ;
the 26th January last, by a resolution of the House but,if you cannot aid then in their operations, you
of Representatives, for the information in that De- will then return immediately, bringing with you
partnent relative to this subject; in obedience to tile transports. The transports will rendezvous
vhich sundry eupuments-were transmitted,which at the Pass Christian, and consist of the following
we have not had room heretofore to notice. No vessels : schooner Semilante, laden with ord-
"all appears to have Been .made upon the War .atce, and General Pike, laden.with provisions.
De prtment 'for similar information, so that what .By late information, the Negro Fort mounts
s before the public relates only to the, part the only six pieces of cannon, with about one hundred
naval force bdre in that affair. It is therefore, men in & about it, planting corn; and I apprehend
roper toaddas a key to some passages of the no opposition from then whatever, in the event
following letters, that a pretty large detachment of your remaining to act with the army; you will
of the arnv, under dt command of Lt. Colonel communicate with ime by mail, through General
CLu:ou, invested the -fort by land, at the time of Gaines. Should the boat mentioned in General
the bombardment by the naval force, and by its Gaines's letter not meet you prioi to your arriv-
presence essentially contributed to the reduction al:at or.near the Negro Fort, and you have cause
_.f the fort. to.expect opposition, you will wait her arrival be-
In order to give'a connceted view of this tran- fore you attempt to pass it.
actiono, we shall present the documents in.an or- Veinry re paer lly-, kc.
-"e!r some-what different from that in which they ieANIEL PAI' I Lu-t .
w'ere give to Congress, beginning with Generi Le S. Cutter ox. o
Gaines's letter, which explains the object of the' .-- .
combinedd military and naval operations oin the+ From C'ommodore Patterson to the. Secretary of
Appalachicola ; then give the results of those the ,N'avy.
operations ; and, lastly, the comment thereon, af- Jes Orikeans, .Agust 15hi, 1816.
ibjrdcd by the lettr- from the Navy Department. Sir: It is with grCeat ,3.ac :,'c,, I do, myself
..n o. tihe honor to transmit hlidrewith a copy (of itii re-
of a letter frtom GIen Gaines to ommodrIe port of operations of two gur vessels under the
Patterson. command of sailing master Jairius Loomis, des-
Borte.noutgomwery, .5ta, 22, 1816. patched. at the request of Major Geeneral Gaimes,
Sir--By a letter which I have received from <,-.m.. hlin the United States' army in the
lieut. col Clinch, commanding a battalion of the Creek nation,to convoy two transports, laden with
ath infantry on the Chattahouchie, I learn)that ordnance stores, and proi.-ion, ullthe. rivertAp-
sl the early part of the month, a party of Indians palachicola and Chattahoochiie, to Fort Craw-
surprised and took from the immediate vicinity ford, for the use of the army ; also copies of the
oft his camp two privates sent out to guard a Miayj General's letter to me, and of my instruc-
droVeo'f beef uilk, purchased for the subsis- tions to Mr. Loomis.
tence of the troops. The cattle amounting to You will perceive by Mr. Loomis' sn.ucament
30 head, were also taken : the Indianis were pur- that the unprovoked and wanton aggression com-
sued 45 miles, on a path leading to St.' Marks; mittcd by a party of negroes on his boats, as also
hut, being mounted,, and having travelled all their hostile disposition and conduct to the army
nigght, escaped with their prisoners and booty. and the gun vessels, on their approaching the
This outrage, preceded by the murder of two fort, evincing in the strongest manner their inten-
of our citizens, Johnson and M'Gasky,by Indians tion to dispute his passage past their fort, render-
below the lines, and followed by certain indica- ed it necessary to silence their fire, and capture
tions of general hostility, such as the war'-dance, their fort. The very able manner and short time
and drinking of war-physic, leaves no doubt in which this was so effectually accomplished,
that we shall be coinpl.-led to destroy the hostile with a force so very inferior, reflects the greatest
towns. credit upon Mr. Loomis and the officers and men
The detached situation of the post which I have under his command ; the ninth shot, and thefirst
ordered lieutenant colonel Clinch to establish hot one, producing the explosion ; and, unless the
near the Appalachicola, will expose us to great fort had surrendered or been destroyed, it would
inconvenience and hazard, mn obtaining supplies (have been impossible for the army to have receiv-
by land, p: )iiWlas ly in the event of war, as the cd those supplies-of which they stood so much in
roadil -% be I.;.1, niid the distance fromin the set- need ; and, without which, their operations against
i:m:ncnt of Georgia near one hundred. and fifty the hostile Indians must necessarily have been
mile-.. materially retarded, if not totally suspended. And
IIniia.:,, .l.,'-.1 1iti1 the commander in chief it was from the very great importance, as detailed
pf ithe dii iriorn, upon this subject, I have deter- by Gener:l Gaine., that those stores 'and provi-
I'ndd uTnon an experiment by water: and, for Iujnr -h'..hild rLac.h I'hie arnmii in aflci, that I 1 ItL


Bari St. Lows,, IJs i 2ugtaet, 1816.
U. S. Gan Vessel .Ao. 149
o,.. In conformity with your orders of the 24th
Juie, I have -Ihe h,,-, k to report, that, with this
vessel and No.. 154, sa Uiig-master James Bassett
I took under convoy the schooners Gen.ral Pike
and Scmelante, laden with provisions andnmilitary
stores, and proceeded for Appalachicola river;
off the mouth of which we arrived on the loth
July. .At this place I rd,_iced despatches from
lieut. col. Clinch, commanding the 4th regiment
U. S. infantt'y, on the Chatahoochie river, borne
by an Indian, requesting me to remain off the
mrouth'of the river until he could arrive with a
party of men to assist in getting up the tran .p,.rts
--desiring me also to detain all vessels and boats
that might attempt to descend the river.
On the 15th I discovered a boat pulling out of
the river ; and, b'in,; aiilious to ascertain wheth-
er we should be pei fitted peaceably to pass the
fort above us, I dispatched a boat with an officer
to gain the necessary information ; on nearing
her, she fired a volley of musketry into my boat,
and immediately pulled in for the river.: I imme-
diately opened a fire on them from the gun ves-
sels, but with no effect.
On the i7th, at 5 A. M. I manned and armed a
boat with a swivel and musketry, and four men,
and gave her in charge of midshipman Luffbo-
rough, for the purpose of procuring fresh water,
having run short of that article. At 11 A.
M. sailing master Bassett, who had been on a
similar expedition, came alongside, with the
body of John Bige-:,., 0. S. who had been sent
in the boat uitlh rr.itkMiipinin Luffborough; his
body was found near the mouth of the river, shot
through the heart; at 4 P. M. discovered a nman
at the mouth of the river, on a sand bar ; sent aa
boat and brought him on board ; he proved to bc
JohnLopaz, 0. S. the only survivor oftlhei boat'i
cr'ew it ,. iil, rrimidl.iit,ci-i n Luffboioough : he re-
ports that, on lentcr mc ; t1,: ri'.t nlN.y discovered
a negro on the beach, ItLar a F, ia.iJirn that Mr.
Luffborough ordered the boat to be pulled direct-
ly for hit i; that on touching the shore he spoke
to the negro, and directly received a volley of
musketry from two divisions of negroes anid In-
dians .who lay concealed in the bushes on the
margin of the ri ei : lr. Luffborough, Robert
Maitland, and John Burgess, were killed on the
spot ; Lopaz made h- escape by swimming, and
states that h. saw th;.other seaman, Edward Dan-
iels, made prisoner. Lopaz supposed there, must
.have beei forty itegipes and Indians concerned in
the capture of the boat.
On the .'ith July I received, by a canoe with,
five Indians., di spat. :.e. from col. Clinch, advising
that he had arrived with a party of troops and, In
dians, at a position alout a mile above the Negro
Fort--requesting thlt I would ascend the river
and join him with tie gun vessels: he further
informed me that he had taken a'negro bearing
the scalp of one of riy unfortunate crew to one of
the unfriiendly Indiai chiefs. On the 22d there
was a heavy cannomtding in the direction of the
fort; on the 23d I received a verbal message
from colonel Clinch,by a white man and two In-
dians, who stated that colonel Clinch wished me
to ascend the river tea certain bluff, and await
there until I saw him. Considering that by so
doing in a narrow and. crooked river, from both
sides of which ny decks could be commanded
and exposed to : 'ie fire of musketry, without ena-
Ibin:; me to act i myoun defence-; and al.u tihti
,.-..r .rTl il.- Ill ,id'.v u'i. t ll t, I,"' ni fi r l f. r__


-, toq ,' tour co-operan. n inc uibet C i on me, ,a ure of th essa. declined acting,
shouldd you. feel authorized to detach a small to afford the requisite convoy for their protecion the nature white uan and oe of the Ing,dians as-
", vC or two as a convoy to the boats charg- The service rendered by the destruction of this Ae te wnlt l o t n as
i with our supplies up the Appalachicola, Iam fort, and the band of negroes who held it, and the hostages, ad d achd the other, with my rea-
eraded that, in doing so, you will contribute country in its vicinity, s of great and manifest son for so doimngt colonel Clinch ; that his views
p: ao Iidadende and communicatiams to me, in future, must be
fltiui to the benefitof the service, and the accom- importance to the United States, and particularly made in writing, adby an officer of the army.
modation of my immediate command in this those states bordering on the Creek nation ; as it Lieutenant Wilson and ie oe
il'i,1ter. The transports willbe under the dircc- had become the general rendezvous f runaway on the th toassitn getting with the trans-
tion of the officer of the gun vessels, and the slaves and disaffected Indians, an asyhinm where o e l, ist i.oren t tn ,wih thetrans-
Whole should be provided against an attack by they were assured of being received: stronghold, pots ; e likewise rme e that l. Clnch
small arms from shore. To guard against acci- where they found arms and ammunition to pro- "had se-nt the 'ano w ay bf o .
tsa wll a irmOn the 25th, I arrived with the convoy at Du-
dents, I will direct lieutenant colonel Clinch to tect themselves against their owners and the gov- selling Blu ff atfour miles below the fort,
have in readiness a boat sufficient to carry fifty crnment. This hold being destroyed, they have where I was me t olonel Clinch he informed
men, to meetthe vessels on the river, and assist no longer a place to fly to, and will not be so lia-
them up. ble to abscond. The able manner in which this me a i attempt to pass within gun shot o
Should you find it to be convenient to send a enterprise was!conducted cannot but impress the fortifications, he had.been fired upon by the
convoy, I will thank you-to inform me of the date hostile Indians also with a dread of our arms,:and negoes, andthathehad also been fired upon for
of its departure, and the time which, in your increase the confidence of those who are friendly; troops our or five days, whenever any of his
judgment, it will take to arrive to the mouth of add to which, that the force of the negroes was noiter pd aed for e e we immediatelrecon-
the river Appalachicola. daily increasing, and they felt themselves so rect a small battery f tw o eighteen pounders, to -
Enclosed you will receive the best account I strong and secure, that they had commenced se- a small battery If two eighteen pounders, to
can give you, from the information I have receiv- venial plantations on the fertile banks of the Ap assist the gun vesssto force thenavigationof
cd, of the Negro Fort upon the Appalachicola. palachicola, which would have yielded them eve- the river, as it was evident, from their hostility,
Should we meet with opposition from that fort, ii ry article of sustenance, and which would conse- we should bcobliged o do.
shall be destroyed ; and, for this purpose, the quently, in a short time, have rendered their es- On the 26th, the colonel began to clear away
-commanding officer above will be ordered to tablishment quite formidable, and highly injurious the brush-wood for the erection of battery; he
prepare all his disposable force to meet the boats to theneighboring states, however with artille to m that he was not e distance
at or just below the fort, and he will confer witn The English union jack, and red or bloody t th
the commanding officer of the gun vessels upon 11 gs., under v.hich they committed their unpro- was tute i todo ctecutain on subject we
the plan of attack. evoked hostilities against the American flag, are unfortunately pdifeit-'I totally in opinion, as we
I am, &c. in my possession ; and I shall have the satisfac- deredlis lmen to desist from further operations,
EDMUND P. GAINES, tion of forwarding them to the department by the Iderd hlsmen to dit from furt'vessels Would at-
Maj. Gen. by Brevet- first safe conveyance. It appears very extraordi- I thc told psa the un vessels would at-
Con. m.Dal r.T.PAT'rasor, U.S. Navy, nary, and remains for the British government to tempt the passage of the fort in the morning,
Conmdg. New-Orleans station. explain, the authority for their flag being thus without hs awid At 4 A. M. on the morning of
hoisted by a band of outlaws, as also their officer, 27th, e began warping the gun vessels to a
XAew-Orean., Jbne 19th, 1816. colonel Nichols, having placed so proper position; a 5, getting within gun-shot, the
Sg g fort opened upon us, which we returned; and,
Sir: The enclosed despatch for lieutenant corn- and with so large a supply of arms, (mostofwhich afterascertaining or real distance with cold shot,
imiandant Crowley is transmitted under cover to were perfectly new, and in their cases,) amluniui- after ascertaining our real distance with cold shot,
you, lest he might not arrive at the Pass Chris- tion, and every other implement requisite to ena- we commenced with hot, (having cleared away
ian by tte Unice the transports laden- with ord- L.1n, ai. eCgroes and Indians to prosecute offensive our coppers for that purpose) the first one of
nance, provision,&c. mentioned to you verbally, operations against the United States; in pos- whcmpletely destroyed the fort.magazine, blThe negroup, anes
when here, shall arrive and be ready to proceed: session of negroes, too, known to be runaways flught under the ln tih Jack, accompanied
to their place of destination: in which case, you fromthe United States, and hat, too, some time with t hundred or bloody lag This w accompanied
will consider them as addressed to you, and act ac after peace had taken place. with the red or bloody lag This was a regu-
cordingly; in that eventyou will take under your Herewith is transmitted a copy oftheinvento- larly constructed fortification, built under the im-
command gun boat No. 154, together with the ry of the articles saved from'the explosion, desig- mediate eye and direction of col. Nichol's of the
transports, and proceed in execution of those in-.nating those furnished the army for public use, British army ; there was mounted on the walls,
structions. In the. performance of the duties there- and those brought off and deposited here and in a complete state of equipment for service,
in pointed.out, it will b, necessary to act with vi- I regret exceedingly the loss of Mr. Luffbor- four long 24 ,, nel.i.s cannon, four long 6 ditto,
gor and judgment; and you will i, ia fiom any ough, killed in this service; who, though much one 4 pounder field piece, and a 5 inch brass
act of hostility against a Spanish orc-c, or viola- indisposed, and ha% inn sent in his resignation to howitz, with 300 negr'oes, men, women and chil-
*tion of their rights and laws. You. -willmake no ,the Deprtment, very handsomely volunteer drn, and about 20 Indian warriors of the renega.
delay in your departure from the Pa- Chri.tian, his services, and accompanied the expedition.- do Choctaws; of tse 270 were killed, and the
after the arrival there of No. 154, and th ta- Mr. Loomis reports misconduct in the highest greater part of te rest mortally wounded-but
ports terms of approbation. three escaped unhurt; among the prisoners were
Very respectfully, &c. I avail yselfofthis occasion, with great sa- the two chiefs of the negroes and Indians. On
DAN Mte Jrs oo. PATTERSON. tisfaction, to recommend to the particular notice examining the prisoners, they stated that Edward
aing Uof the Department, sailingmasters Jairus Looni's lDanicls, O. S. who was made prisoner in the
Commanding U. S G. B. No.149. De1 Ls boat on the 17th July, was tarred and burnt alive;
and James Bassett, commanding the gun vessels 0 th ie
From Commodre Pattersonto Lieut oe on this expedition, as highly meritorious oliccers. in consequences is savage act, both the chiefs
From o eP eI cannot but lament exceedingly the gre. c.. were executed onthe spotby thefriendly Indians.
NeweOrleans, 19th June, 1816. l c aion h d i of t flirt Fromn the best information we could ascertain,
Sir-The enclosed copy of a letter from major ivesoccasioned by the destction of the fort;there were 2,500 stad of rns try, with accon-
general Gaines, commanding the United States though causedbytheir opposition to a passage tr....ents complete; 500 carbines; 500 steel scab-
military forces in the Creek nation, fully in- of te river, and hostilities most wickedly bard swordsco; 4- ases contain 200 r opis-
menced upon a friendly fla tinder v which notbard swords; 4 cases containing 200 pair ofpis-
foBms you of his situation, and his expectation mened p a en g, under v hc not er casks of rif powder; 162 bar-
of immediate commencement of hostilities on thi the slightest aggression would have been offered of no po '. casks o i l gL ha- "
partof those Indians. In consequence of the in- them. he course pursued in this service, and ii orean cloth tht I ws not able
formation! containedin that letter, I have promis- the rsult,ill, I -trust, meet the approbation of o.i t.o and cloing that nt
ed the convoy w" l the P s ent to collect any account of, OwVling to atl engagemnlant
ed the convey therein requested. You will, the Presid ofthe United States ae Col. Cli with the Indis, which
therefore, take under your command gun boat I DANIEL T, PA'hTERPSONe he promised them aIfl he p,... 'I i captured cx-
No. 149, and, with that letter for your guide, con- Ho con- r ab Secre he a cep te cannon and shot.
"1Hortgrabl Seeret 'ifflhe Nvy. L cttccansa.:;.


The property captured on the 27th July, ac- ;'. ,' G, Vessel 1, 149,
cording to the best information we could obtain, .*ppa'achicola .Bay, .Ngust 5th, 1816.
and, at the lowest calculation, could not have been Sir-Yours of this date I have- had the honor of re-
ceiving. As respectsyour demands I shall transmit theIn
S less than S 200,000 in value; the remnant of the to the government of the United states.
>property that the Indians did not take was trans- The property captured on the 27th of July, 1816, on
e ported to Fort Crawford and to this place, an in- the Appalachicola river, in East Florida, 1 consider as
Y ventory of which I have the honor to transmit for belonging to runaway .slaves, who had absconded from
Sour further information. the United States and elsewhere, to protect themselves
y our further ndinformation.against their proper masters. The fort was defended un-
On sounding the river, I found it impassable der theEnglish. flag accompanied with thee ,l...- 1flaI
for vessels drawing more than 4 feet water; con- therefore I consider it my duty t he said proper.
t sequently col. Clinch took the provisions from the ty until I receive, further instructions .from tihe com-
e General Pike into flats, and lightened the Seme- manding naval officer of thie New-Orleans station.
e lante, so as to enable her to ascend the river as Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
a high as Fort Crawford. Onc the 3d August, after BENxI-O GCIAc CALDRO-. J. LOOMIS.
3 setting fire to the remaining parts of the fort and,
s village, I left the river, and arrived at this an- From the Secretary of the .avy to Commodore
chorage on the 12th current. Patterson.
f I cannot close this letter, without expressing .M zy Department, October 5th, 1816.
to you my entire approbation of the conduct of Sir: Your two letters of August 15th, enclos-
sailing master Jame ; Basvitt, commanding gun ing copies of thi report of operations of two gun
' vessel No. 154, for his cool, deliberate, and mas- vessels, under sailing master Loomis; schedule
terly conduct, & the support I received from him of stores taken after the destruction of the fort
in all cases of difficulty and danger. In fact, sir, upoI the Apipalachicol:a; with copies of your cor-
every officer and man did his duty. respondemice with the military) commanding offi-
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, cer, have been received. The importance of the
J. LOOMIS, transaction alluded to, and the question of the le-
Commodore Daniel T. Patterson, gal disposition of the property, induced me to
com'g U. S. Naval forces, N. Orleans station, transmit the papers entire to the President of the'
SUnited States, as well for his information, as for
From Commodore Patterson to the Secretary of the necessary instructions in reply, to govern you
.the .Vavy. in the course most proper to be pursued. The
,;.-0 ., II.. ..*.. :, 1St subject involves various and interesting points of
Sir : With the k rte ot ti, date., ir,mmitting nationaljurisdiction, jurisprudence, and national
the report of sailing-master J. Loomi,, I had th,: policy; which will be brought before Congress at
honor also to transmit a copy of the im entoryv ol their next session, as requiring legislative deci-
all the articles saved after the explosion ; those sion, over which the executive power has no di-
delivered to the army werI represented by col. rect or exclusive conti-ol. Under these circum-
Clinch to be necessary to the public service- stances you are directed to have the property se.
the remainder are depositeae here, and, being curely deposited under vour immediate superin-
somewhat at a lossin whatlight to consider them, tendence anid protection. A complete inventory
I have to requestof the Departmenttheirinstruc- must be taken of every article, and an appraise._
t.- relative to the dj .,Ji of them ; ifto be li- ment by competent and judicious persons made
belle and' sold, or nut, ;,il if as prize of war, oI ut 1,l 1 an-mit'.ed to lii de1pu it. Pe.ishabtl
captured from outlaws, and whether the articles articles, upon survey, and being found so,i may be
of great value, which were taken by the friendly sold at public auction, and the proceeds deposit-
Indians acting with the army, under an agreement ed to meet such order as Congress shall take re-
nai'de by col. Clinch, and which could only affect specting the Whole. Such articles as the public
property captured by his-forces, and not at all ap- service shall necessarily require, may be taken
ply to the navy; and, as it appears by Mr. Loo- for its use, after appraisement, and receipt given
mis's statement, the fort was destroyed, and this therefor-the papers and documents relative to
property captured from an infifiitely superior which, you will transmit with the inventory.
force, by the navy alone, without :any ,vilita, y co- In the present state of the case, I do not feel.
operation whatever, the navy alone is entitled to authorized to express an opinion (or official sane-
all the proceeds arising therefrom. Mr. Loomis tion) of the proceedings, in anticipation of the
assented to the Indianas taking those articles, from course which Congress in its wisdom may deem.
a persuasion that it was for the best interests of proper to adopt; although the conduct of the na-
the government to do so, and to prevent any mis- val officers engaged in this expedition appears to
understanding and discontent which would have justify a belief of their having performed their
resulted from their being deprived of what they duty with their usual spirit and gallantry. Their
considered, by their agreement with lieut. colonel claims to the property, and to the approbation of
Clinch, to be their right, not being capable of the President, Will in due time come under consi-
making a distinction between captures made by deration. The case in some respects is a new
the army, and those made by the navy.- This ser- one, and the actual hostility on .itlir part cannot
vice having been achieved in so brilliant a man- be considered as a lan ful belli.cere-,t act, out of
ner, will, I .trust, give entire satisfaction to t,he which would arise the right of prize of war. It
President of the United States and the Depart- will undoubtedly be competent to the government,
ment; and the captors rely with the utmost con- to reward the merit of its naval and military offi-
fidence on the liberality and justice of the gov- cers according to the importance attached to the
ernment for their reward, and that they will be service. It may distribute among them the whole
allowed the value of the property furnished the or a part of the property brought off, in such pro-
army, and plundered by the friendly Indians at- portions,as may be judged proper; and every aid
tached to the army. will be afforded you by this department, consis-
Tlie approb.tiun ofiny government in this ser- tently uith its duty.
ice %ill be highly grauiling to myself and offi- I a,,, dry re-,F...:IruIIv, c.
cera. Ft, .: ro' ,.rlrrthL-,e ySecretar,. otlLN I 'N -.
1 have the lonor to be. with great resnect, your "ENJdMIN HOMrAN.-


obedient servant,
DANIEL T. PATTERSON.
The hon. Benj. W. Crowninshield,
Secretary of the Navy, Washington.

m'-entory of articles shipped on board the schooner Gen.
J'ike, from the AV'egro 'ort to .ewc, Orleans, to say
Pour 24 pr. iron cannon, four 6 pr. do. do. one 4 pr.
field piece, 7 ship carriages for the first mentioned guns,
3 ammunition, wagons, 502 muskets, good and bad, 1200
bayonets, 100 bayonet scabbards, 1810 cartouch boxes,
290 bayonet belts, 220 cartouch belts, 150 gun slings, 17
sword belts, 17 do. knots, 16 carbine belts, 33 buff straps,
22 haversacks, 75 set black accoutrements in 3 boxes, 2
small boxes of musket balls, 3,500 gun flints, 5 cross-cut
saws, 1 whip do. 170 twenty four pr. shot, 24 stand 24
pr. grape, 20 do. six pr. do. 17 canister. 2- pr. 70 shells,
80 round 6 pr. shot, 2 boxes loose grape, 13 water casks,
slhooks, with hoops and. heads, one set harness for field,
one lot copper hoops, one lot loose blocks.
J. LOOMIS, Com'dgf.

Articles received by Lieut. Col. Clinch, for the use of his
command, viz.
One brass howitzer, mounted complete, 26 spades, 48
shovels, 54 pick axes, 1 broad axe, 1 coopers' adz, 2 crow
bars, 2 hoes, 120 pair shoes, 1 pair tin scales, 1 takle fall
and blocks, 2 cross-cut saws, 1 cart, 1 cutter boat, 3 flats,
700 spikes, 460 old belts, 40 new carbon belts, 8 sWord
belts, 2 casks flints, containing 20,000, 100 cartridge box-
es, 1 box containing 20 muskets, I corn mill, 50 copper
hoops, 4 sets harness, 1 set cart harness.
D. L. CLINCH,
U. S. 4th1 Infantry, com'dg.

From Conouodore Patterson to the Secretary of
the VNavy.
Je-w-Orleans, 6th Sept. 1816.
Sir : I have the honor to transmit herewith co-
pies of letters which passed between sailing mas-
ter Jairus Loomis and an officer of His Catholic
Majesty, relative to the destruction of the Negro
Fort on the Appalachicola, and the arms, &c.
captured there. Mf r. Lo6mis states to me that
the officer afterwards informed him his demand
was made without any authority from the govern-
or of Pensacola, but simply upon his own, deem-
ing it his duty so to do, expressing at the same
time the pleasure he felt at the destruction of the
fort, and the gratification it would afford to his
government.
I have the honor to be, with great respect, &c.
DANIEL T'. PATTERSON.
The lion. Benj. W. Crowninshield,
Secretary of the Navy, Washington,.
Sir : The officer whom I sent on board the vessel un-
der your c-.mir 1i. i g ii' .r '. .1 iinl that, on the morn-
ing of 27thi ,i'W It, u .i ,it ,' .... mad destroyed the
fort of Appalachicola, in whh'ch were several negroes,
runaways from Pensacola, and uit tihe artillery, ammuni-
tion, &c. which belonged to said fort, had been embliirked
by you on board the vessels of the division under your
conimmand, I consider it my duty to demand of you, in the
name of my government, all the artillery and ammunition
which you have taken possession of, as belonTing. to a"
fortress established in the territory of his Catholic Majes-
ty, which demand, I do not doubt you will accede to,
considering the perfect ha:rmony which exists between
mv government and that of thr United States of Ameri-
ca. I also request the favor of ouil to give n.e a circumn-
stantial account of what occurred in the taking.and de-
struction of the said fortress, in order that I may' comlmul-
nicate the same to thle Governor of the province of West
Florid'.. MMay Cod preserve you inany years.-
On board the schooner Maria, of' P1,isacola, at anchor
in the mouth of time river Appal.chicola, 3d of
AUtC'mAst, 1816.
t1 ENIGO CA;;C1A CA ALERON.


Com. D. T. Patterson.
C.nin.rndrii N:a,.l (OrF.cer, New-Orleanms

--5- -

A most distressing scene was presented at Ed-
inburg on the 30th December Robert Johnsoa
having, for robbery, been sentenced to be hung
on that day, a vast multitude assembled to witness
the awful transaction.. About 3 o'clock the crim-
inal was swung off; but the rope being rather
long, his neck was not broken, and his- toes rest-
ed on the scaffold. A police officer, in attempt-
ing to keep back the populace, pushed one of
them with his staff, who raised the cry of Mur-
der." The Magistrates and their attendants were
immediately driven off by the mob with stones.
The criminal was cut down, and borne off alive,
but insensible. The military soon met the mob,
when they threw down the body and dispersed;
and the wretched criminal was at length launch-
ed into eternity. The military remained on the
spot until the whole apparatus was removed, and
no further disturbance took place.-[T'ru JtAme'r

Dandy of 1770.-An account of the appearance
of one of them, as published in an English paper
fifty years ago:-
"A few days ago a Macaroni made his appearance in
the Assembly Rooms, at Whitehaven, in the following
dress :-A mixed silk coat, pink satin waistcoat and
breeches, covered oith an elegant silver hett, white silk
stockings with pink clocks, pink satin shoes and large
pearl buckles, a mushroom colored stock, covered with
fine point lace-his hluir dressed remarkably hig-l, and.
stuck full of pearl pins."

An excellent rule for living happy in society is,
never to concern one's self with the affairs of oth-
ers, unless they desire it. Under pretence of
being useful, people often shew more curiosity
than kindacess.

xBw-YORn:, APRaiL 19.
Thunder Storm.-After the prevalence of a fresh
south-easterly wind from Friday evening- to Saturday
noon, with occasional showers, about halt' past 1 o'clock
the horizon was remarkably darkened by thick clouds;
it because necessary to light candles iiu many honuses, and
every thing appeared like t 'iligii. In about an
hour the most vivid t!ash uf lgitning :almost ever wit-
nessed was ri ii. -t by a trcmendousand 'rigilt-
ful crash of thunder, and the rain commenced to fall in
torrents. The tmitipestcontinued for about an hour and
a quarter, when the wind shifted to northeast, and the
storm abated. During this time the lightning was al-
most incessant, with heavy thunder. To add to the ter-
rors of' the sceno, the cry of fi'e was sounded through
the streets, and it was found that the schooner Thames,
lying' at Coffee IHouse slip, nearly loaded with a valua-
ible cargo for Riclmnionid, was on" fire. The lightning'
struck her foremast, which it shivered, "Ini the
splinters to a considerable distance, descended to the
torecastle and hold, passed through the side of the ves-
sel, and spent itself in the watcr. 'Four men who were
in the forecastle were wounded, t.'wo of them severely,
but we understand not dangerously. The cargo was
cunsidurably injured by the tire, and by the wat'ir from
the engines, anid though the flames were soon extin-
guished, some of the boxes were burnt to a coal. At
the saimn time a dwelling-house in Elm-street, in the
rear 324 Broadway, was struck, and the root' considera-
lly injured, The Rope Wulk at Brooklyn, owned by
Mr. aru'barine, was also ,struck-the head house and a-
bout 30 feet of the walk, withI a quantity of hem,'p and
yarns, and the principal part of the machinery ot the es-
tablishnlm nt, were destroyed. A part of tihe adjoining
Rope Walk, owned byCottrcl & Martin, wss pulleddowcn.
to saye it from nle flmnes.