National intelligencer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00016
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: September 13, 1818
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00016
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text

WAIIGO TEM (B5~ ,ll I-~


.tl Six DJollars a year, pad in advance.
No subscription received for a sh-oter term than o0i
Stiose who do not, either at the time of subscril
ing or s;hbsequeptly, give notice ot' their wishh
hare the paper dis.iintiinted at the expiration
their rear, will be presumed as desiriing its contiwi
zaee until counterman',ied, and it will be continm
ed accordinly at tin; optiio of the Editors. .


The ship Manhattan, Capt. Freeman
51 days, from Buenos Ayres, passed u
'the Bay on Saturday last, bound to Bait
more. Captain Freeman has politely
transmitted us a file of Buenos Ayres p:
pers to June 27. They give however
*.o, further details of the operations ofth
i.i istiuC i -. ees..thaa we have alrea
dy seen, except what is contained in tb
following official despatches from Chil
From these it will be seen, that the rent
Mrnt of the Spanish army which escape
matter the memorable battle of Maipo, ha
been taken by a detachment of the patri
We regard it as not the least inter
testing incident of the long andarduou
straggle in South America, that th
contending parties have it in contemple
tica to adopt the usages of'civilized war
fare. by consenting to exchange their pri
soners. The patriots first made the pro
'position to that effect, but the Spanis'
Vice Roy, proud of his strength, an
confident of victory, treated the applica
tion with cold neglect. The battle o
AMaipo, however, has given a different
turn to his sentiments. We now fin,
him applying to the. Independent govern
ment, to effect the same object. Wearc
pleased to find that our gallant country
man, captain Biddle, of the sloop of wa
Ontario, has offered every facility in hi
power towards the accomplishment o
this desirable purpose.-LHerald.

The Frankfort Commentator, referring
to an account of a remarkable Cave 'ii
Indiana, published some time ago in the
National IrilhPimncer, says. it is errbne
ously stat:d tIlai he Cave has been ex
pi.-.rsd 1r-m sLx l^-y.-.-.:.m The .+,m

been expired to that exteinTi t the In-
diana Cave has only' been explored one
mile and a quartet; no inconsiderable pen-
etratior, this, however, into the bowels of
the earth.


A report is going the rounds in the
eastern papers that the law providing for
the admission of our territory in the U-
nion cannot be carried into effect, .on ac-
count of 'a deficiency in our population.
The official exhibit made some time since
by the secretary of this territory, and
published in the Emigrant at the time,
was not conclusive' evidence that there
would not be 40.000 i-,habitants by thei
firsc Monday in August, the day fixed for
the meeting of the Convention.
It will be seen by a reference to the
proceedihas. of that body in this week's
paper, that the aggregate amount of our
population is 40,258 ; that it has been de..
cleared expedient to lorm a constitution
and state government; and that a com..
mittee of one from each county has been
appointed to draft and report one accord-.
T'l'he report above alluded to had its
origin in an Illinois newspaper, whence
it was copied into the National Intelli-
gencer: we are glad to find that the po-
pulation has so far increased in the inter-
mediate time as to afford the requisite
number of 40,000 ]

Murder & Suicide.-A horse of Jones's
at the island, threw his rider, a little ne-
gro boy, a few days since, who was drown-
ed. Last evening the horse went into
the river and drowned himself!-[Times.

A letter from New Orleans, of the 12th
nit. says-"Each ofthe insurance offices
here are in for 25,000 dollars on slaves,
stolen on the high seas. The bay is full
of pirates. Two have been brought in by
the Firebrand, one of which, a launch, has
her papers from Gen. Humbert, at Gal
vezton, and is owned by Peter Lafitte."

aAvrmonE, sTr.. 12.
Astonishing luck.-To the very many dis-
tributions of Fortune's favors heretofore an-
nounced from Cohen's office, we have now to
add another, in the drawing of the twenty thou-
sand dollar prize yesterday afternoon in the
Masonic hall Lottery. This brilliant capital
came out to No 1434-19, a.d is the property, we
untd.crstand, oi'a distant adventurer, the furtu-
nate ticket having been sent to Richmond, Va.
At the same time that we regret this prize not
being held in our own city, we cannot but con-
gratulate omr southern friends on the unparal-
e"cd success atte;.ding their investments thro'
the medium of'Mr. Cohen's oiflice.-[.imerican.

'"o .3fers, Gales & Seaton. INDT 'N N':tW -.wim, v.'iihh tie aid of a _plintered fraFg-
GENTLEMEN: Your correspondent 1. 1- ment which emiined of their boat, to an
has given an interesting' dialogue; and A comuniLatio) to the P. Island, in which effort he rust have ine-
e your statement in a former paper, that A communicatiou to ihe, overnor, vitably perished. He had once, himself,
the present curtailments by the offices of from a respectable gentle St. a attempted to it his forlorn station by
6 discount and deposit and other banks are s dae h- ii lt 'havere- constructing catamaran, but tailed, and
attributable to the payment of 7,500,000 East Florida, stating Ihat tl ri lost all means of any future attempts,
- of the Louisiana debt due in England, *is ast Florda n country They had originally taken fire with them
f e Louisia dis overt-n by Indians, wdob
a fact which corroborates his reasoning--- geance against the ici th n fromNooahevah,which he had takencare
for this country has to remit that sum, Britih trade is arryirig oh that a to continue, excepting on one occasion,
British trade is carrying owhenit became extiuished, and never
and the inte-est of al our national debt t gttdel t i t em when it became e"isled aid vr
and of United States, Bank stock held a- St. Augustine; tha ihe are wards of could have been restored, but by a care-
roa nittwo thousand settled in te p ince,the ful preservation of three or four grains of
factureso If bill be purchased, exchan ge greatest number at a p ace o' ed Beres- gunpowder, and the' lock of a .musket
rises, and it becomes profitable to sendhad, about miles .the t. John's ; which he had broke up for the construe
preciouss and that an old chief ofthe .aw vii- l tion. of.his catamaran The esh and
,. away the precius metals. The Congress]g a. been.ltely atSt. h oo s t ran, iTe flesh and
ought annuallyto ascertain how mch of a has been latey ugstine, blood of wild beasts were hissole aliment
Sour interest-bearing paper is in England. much exasperated rat: the d ruction of -with the latter he- quenched, his thirst
We read 6f loans being made to Rus- s have deed t y duty to in seasons oflong droughts, and the skulls
sig and Prussia by the British, who obtain apprtse you of hes*e circ, dances, as of his departed companions were his only
- specie from South Am erica, Spain, &cthey are from a sin' ich I caI. drinking vessels. The discovery made
which,being wisely rendered unnecessary p-ace full reiance. of him from the Charlotte was purely
for circulati.'n, is lone=d out to foreign A number of the ruea i. 'is, in imi- accidental; the rock was known to be de-
Sgov-rionents on good securities. Had! tation'oft the Ch- r ". migrating, isolate and barren, and the appearance of
" those gv~etn';:nMts ',een wise, they would i a a. -. .. "' from. a dte- a fire, as the vessel passed it on an even-
have funded their sipe'tPuous paper, asi sie, "'- -')v" .. ved from 'ing, attracted notice, and produced an en-
SMr. Hamilton did, in this country. Sup- the liounts of civil'.zedi .... -ti quiry, which proved fir-tunate to the for-
pose a cotton or a tobacco crop should are making -: ent jme-ts, and lorn inhabitannin procuring his emov*al
Sfail, how long would out banks pay in are slowly :u1(iti, m, th .ts of'civili- to Nooaheew'h, where he was lef under
specie? Enjoying our present peace ad zation. It is c.ntit l ,,d e -,-leve, the care of Mr. Wilson,an European,who
plenty, we sleep under a mine of comtbus- to establish asch-.i.l -I' til hgenc for 'had residedi there many years, and w'ho
tible materials, which must sooner or the purpose of tducn stingt s are wil- had previously known him."
later explode. The difficulties we now. thing to he instrt ctd. Tiwr t')., one'of
experience, and the freiquentaccounts of whom is M'Intosh's son, -.l b en at the :.-
country banks failing, are al portentous academy in ts place time, and RINDISES
warnings of a general calamity. have made rcr,-,d, r.l.ie pI"i w ncy i MARINE DISESa-S.
Theehaneelleroftheexcdhquerstated, (yuiring a ki,,;n ,ed..e ol out n ." e fl a -- of th 28
last year, in the E' itsh parliament, that :E'c' n ./a ,. 'h .. ..,. th yawteigencer of the 28th lt.
2,500,000/ sterling, or 1.2,000,000dollars, 3. Foctjr a. ...'. .,*. .' NEW YQRK, AUG. 14.
had been issued in.gold, and that it all it: .. ar Sr: our letter of July 3th
vanished, without causing any difficulties ) n the ISt n.t ii r' ru, r reached me in due course 9f mail. 1 was
it the bank'hud renewed specie payn ents,. lthe, 6th i t. 'r of te highly gratified by the statement you gave
all property would have fallen I.".-'y or nd Cowetn 'n their -f the I t ofthehcts, connected with the distern-
thirty per cent. as it did on.a simiaroc, en Corn da p: litie ,u t per anmd u.otaiitynamong the etaceous
casion in 1797.. at this, 1toT1 .i animals and fish along the coast of South
As, your widely-disseminateat Intell- te., were n th under a ,, a .ior .- Cartiina, this reaso'. They are worthy
gencers are not now filled with cortg'es.- of being recorded. They mk an m-
yarIds from thI e' n. g, portent article in the historic vtae et ne,
ional debates, you cannot bene fit 7 a od p hl, ich every cultivated people ought
readers more than by inserting essays onwith a, .... ', whch e y I c people ought
the nationlurrcy, which at th s crisis s. i. .t f ." ,' tio understand, It becomes us to remark
the national currency, which at st k e -e e b .ke penoena in all the crektue-s which
employs the minAs and tongues of.almost do:n, if '. r h'.r it l nre, e.d n all thecrew.Lurds wBich
everyone. It has been justly observed, fat ,,r l ded rt t t e r ., es iedo our hvew. rved pacon
thatt the 'smallest quantity of ue.ofl la tne|fo il led';nilc rc f fl t w..d, like you, have observed all the par-
knowlthat the smallest quantch a mif iu l .- mi '-s, rec,.vred. t;culars of this occurrence, and treasured
knowledge, imparted to each ef a million A wve,~A llihh It had ien it,-
of minds, will have. far more -beneficialn ine,, .%.h:_c ,_a 'O i ,'-i- fort t hen*pfrposterity. Therehlavebeenge,
d Ls wtstaF e-, ..... ". the d g ...i ed wl wich hadti, i.tal nccurrences,bearingsomeanalogyto
influence on social .:h ppin ess than the .... b |t .
most profound d knowl dge concern traded in Io tn but fl. pled tl rne you relate, during the term of
few enlightened u a the a i intellects Errormuste my recollection. Disease, between 20
e en g ed in.te.l .ect. E hrer n ...he "i t i"' e"' 'n :,-uin tyn d years ago, destroyed the gre'.atei
be overcomre,andblunders rectified, when feet, tie ,"a" I:'l ,"1 1": 1"t 0 m er ago, destroyed, the Pit
the people and their republican represen- the red en, present; t, wbo.'1 alti 0o on IUberl of-the oystf ear lue Poan. hint
tatives have facts and truths commun- Oi.f o r. tn .di t he on ihe south side o f Long Island.. di.
-t.-C.ds. h ck3tnd Iy th.% % as inferred from tb.eltct, of innumera-
Ta ". .. shocknn. y'be*"lieve pll put uipon I,le dead shells raked from the beds at the
TI. r,,, ...r-r them.. .d .h p bot ,.m. The animals, ad periished.
..=_. -.- '" ',". ,h-. .i-g or f l. A few years ago, a sini.iur pestilence
lion oftlhisstoek being held u England.- L. ..P' Ie h tu I ]j 't : o n n -., ,, ..: -- '. .
Sm e niun, of the late ho-il. tiarty iio,', L-ol cu-ions among the sedge hass-)cks ari'l-
T Town, Iho had c'n, to visit LearIe- sar'l-islands, whose surrounding waters
PRIVATEERING, 'alas PIRATING. Kenna:'d. a half h1re. N v> ho ieiiitd at iourish these bivalve ipolloscas, I had a
From the St. Chtpher'set verrisr. John Kenrn.rd's ro'd I:, .-, about sctv ty lfai opportunity of knowing that the des-
Tuesday, 21st Jey, riiles below the. agent y. They offered truction was enormous.
The following is the copy of a letter themselves as friends, anA were hospita- You may yourself reccollect the re-
transmitted to us from St. Bartholomews,. bly received by Georg, Kennard and his markable disorder, that more recently
through a very respectable channel: son; but after 'right orn e ofthe three, and drove the Beluga whales aIhore at Cha-
St. Baratlolomewso, 12th .dy,1818. : nephew to George K eiinard. drew his leur bay in the Gulf uf St Lawrence. As
Mr. Printer : Your paper, is the only knife, said he cane there to -spill blood, if possessed by some misguiding spirit,
channel through which the abominable and instantly plunged it in the body of these inhabitants of the ocean rushed in
deeds which have been committed hereof George Kennard and uls on, .who both shoals totthe land, cnd offered theit bod-
late, may possibly be made known. 'Two died of their woithds.. 'A party pursued its as fair game to the men ofthe neigh-
piratical schooners, pilot boats, originally them, overtook the .ma stabbed and kill borhood.
fitted out at Baltimore,: owned by a capt. ed him: the others made off. George It is an universal law of organic nature
M,--, a'capt..C- and aMr. G----, Kennard is brother to Iuln andWilliamn, that-life should be temporary. The indi-
have, under the cloak of commissions from and uncle to Col, N oI) e Keninard, one of viduals rise from heir impelceptible.be
Artlgas, too well known to require any the greatest warriors of the Creek nation, innings, perform their round of living
particular description, brought into this whose feelings on the occasion are much functions, and sink to be seen no more.
island, and into the adjacent, keys, two roused." Sometimes they disappear one by one, at
most valuable Portuguese ships of.ab6ut such remoteness ot time and place, that
4 or 500 tons each ; one loaded with the ENGLISH Ei'TLP.'I1 NT IN ILLINOIS, their departure is scarcely perceived, anom
productions ofthe Brazils, say sugar, rum, ; excites neither a strong or. durable senl
coffee, hides, tallow, rice, and cinnamon, LOU IIi 1.Lr, AUG. 26. station. At other, times, the terminations
baund to Lisbon. The other loaded with The e-n',iratinn tro. .i ecat Britain to of life are more frequent, and villages andI
salt, wine, butter, cheese, raisins, figs, the United States. is r pw increasing with towns are alarmed by the visitations of
perfumery, dry goods, and spices, bound unprecedentedrapidity. But a few months death. And then again, when from a dis-
from Lisbon to the Brazils. since,Mr, Birkbeck,an) English gentleman temperature of the elements or ot the
The first came to anchor boldly in this of high reputation in his native country, humors, human beings are swept away in
harbor, under Portuguese colors, made made a purchase andl settlement in the multitudes by the besom of destruction,
her entry at the Custom House, and im- territory of Illinois. We are not inform- terror and consternation mark the pro-
mediately began to discharge her cargo, ed of the number vWho originally came gress of the epidemic. Philosophers and
which the agents sold or re-shipped im- out with Mr. B. ,bu ,we are credibly in- Physicians, with chemists to help them,
mediately on board of other vessels for formed, that it is now'daily increasing, and have as yet no satisfactory theory of these
the United States. The second went to will, in the course of:jthe present summer sore and wide wasting distempers. Facts
anchor at Flat Island, from which she has and autumn, amount to three or four hnn- are wanting, in relation to the human race,
sent up the whole of her cargo by drog- dred persons. And iitat affords addition- as well as to other animals,and,I will add,
hers and the sale 'of which began at pub- al gratification is, that many of the emi- to vegetables. As an editor of one of the
lie auction yesterday. The inhabitants grants are possessed of extensive capital, journals of the times, I have carefully re-
complain loudly against these piratical and all of them skilful agriculturists or gistered a great proportion of these which
acts, which the government appears to mechanics, ardently attached to the be- have occurred within the last 20 years.
shut its eyes on, and has treated with in- nign principles of the government of their The volumes of the Medihcal Repository
difference every representation on the adoption. contain the faithful history of our popular

It is to be hoped that whatever may be
the ultimate result of these atrocities,
the innocent inhabitants of this town may
not be included with the few guilty. A
capt. P- of whom the American pa-
pers have already spoken, is the person
who furnished the above mentioned pi
rates with commissions, of which he bro't
a quire with him, in April last, from the
River Plate. Two brigs fitted, ut at Bal -
timore have since arrived, and are at an-
chor at Five Islands, bound on a cruise
against the poor harmless Portuguese ,
so that in a short time this is likely to be-
come the chief entrepot of the Brazilian
productions, and of the Portuguese man-
ufactures. The above mentioned ships
are insured at Lloyds."

The United States have established an
Arsenal near Augusta,Geo.& appropriate.
ed forty thousand dollars to erect the ne-
cessary buildings.-[Journal.

We take the following curious account
from a Bombay paper :-" Captain Pow-
ell, of the Queen. Charlotte, informs us of
the interesting circumstance of'his hav-
ing recovered, from a rock, 31 miles N.
W. of Nooaheevah, (one of the Marques-
sas) a man that had been its solitary inha-
bitant for nearly three years. Hi's account
stated, that early in 1814, he proceeded
thither from Nooaheevah,with four others
all ofwhom had left an Amercan ship
there, for the purpose of procuring fea-
thers, that were in high estimation among
the natives of Nooaheevah ; but losing
their boat on the rock, three of his com-
panions in a short time perished, through
famine, and principally from thirst, as
there was no water but what was supplied
by rains. His fourth companion contin-
ued with him but a few weeks, when he
formed a resolution of attempting to

More, however, is required, Longer
observation is necessary. The materials
must be collected. In due time some
fortunate genius, some master builder'
will appear, and arrange them into a no-
ble edifice. In the mean while, you and 1
and others, must labor, adopting for our
maxim, never to be.iveary with well do-
You have done well, sir, to collect the
facts. I thank you for your goodness in
sending them to me. There is great en-
couragement to labor where the harvest
is abundant and a scarcity of haids.
To J. VJoatte Alston, Esq. Georgetown, 8'. C."

Yest-rday, after an illness of four days, Mrs.
CAnouLN EIasiNr., in thle 25th ear oflier tage;
also on Th-ursdav last her inlnt child. In the
midst of life we aro in death."

ACTl-LILVIS. CIh.1LN'. :.e.
A Mr. Lynx,ot Fayette,Senecaco. N. Y.
while in a state of intoxication, lately had
the temerity to. attempt to a rest the pro-
gress of a loaded waggon, by rushirig be-
tween the horses and carriage, and seiz-
ing one of the wheels, when he was crush-
ed down, and bruised so severely as to
terminate his existence in a few hours.
As Mr. Bruce of Penfield, was return-
ing from Rcehester, N. Y. a few days
since, with salt, the lore board of his.wag-
gon gave way, and one of the barrels wth
himself, tell on the horses heels ; Air.
Bruce was so injured that he died in a-
boutan hour. ,
Near Prudence Island,on the 14th inst.
Mr. Eiisha G. Chadsey, in the 26thi year
of his age, was upset in a bdat, and, in his
exertions to save a boy, who was with
him, in which he succeeded, was so taO
exhausted, that he sunk before any assis-
tance could be i(.btaineco from the shore.
A soldier was killed, week before last,
at Fort Niagara, by one (odfrey, a corFo-
ral in I aptain Gaes' company ot'artilklry.
The soldier, during a fit of intoxication,
made some att..,r.vp, -1 ins ist Goafrey,
Who 1ad' 'ord,.r t. coti-ine him in tne
black hole, When lie former' drew lhi.
bayonet and stabbed him. in the side.
The soldier died immediately. Godfrey
has been apprehended by the'civil author-
ityi and is h6ow confined in the' goal in
In Hulmesville, Bucks county, Pa. on
the first of September inst. Mr. Wihiiam
MViilnor, aged about 33 years, came to his
death by. running a tiai in is toot, which
brought o'r the Lockjaw.
Mr. Ansel Smith, of the town of Car-
oline, in the county of Tioga, N.Y came
to his end ori the 16th inst. in tile follow-
ing unhappy manner : .He and two others,
had, on that day, repaired to' the woods
for the purpose of hunting Deer. 'i he
company having separated, ti)e unexpect-
ed discharge of a gun brought 'the re-
nmaining-twoto the place whencettheireport.
originated,where they found M r.Smithex-
ptcing..Fronm the position :i which he was
found,asalso the place where lie ballappear
ed to bbhe taken e'ffect.the conclusion was
that he had been,standing upon a log,leaii-
it g upon the muzzle of his iun,' when it
accidsntly .slipped, and discharged its con-
tents into his head.
SAt Petersburg, Virgiiia,, on the 24th
.ult. an attempt w.as nade to blow rock in
a well onh Market Square, but owing to
some cause or other the blast failed. Du.
ring the ,night, the water rbse more
than a foot, completely covering the
bottom -' of the well. In the iTorutng,
the water "has removed, and the borers'
--r.ao"m-enredl theiri operations. .As no
endeavored to clea-r out the hole 'niade the
preceding day, and in which it was sup-
posed the powder was completely des-
troyed. The fact, however, unffortunately
-proved otherwise. So soon as the instru-
ment was forced as far as their powder, tsn
explosion took place, which coisidi rzably
injured the laborers who were below, one
of them especially, whose situation was
immediately over the powder.


Fro.a A ENustt rPAPEi.
There has lately ?appeared in the French
papers a regulation to be observed in
bringing into a more rational and moral.
view the Inscriptions and Epitaphs in the
different cemeteries of that kingdom. It
should seem, from the ludicrous inscrip-
tions to be met with in our English
Churchyards, that men were determined
to make a jest of the grave; and if the
subject were not too serious for such a
remark, one might be inclined to say that
a collection ot tombstone po-try would
rival Joe Miller, and stand next upon the
laughing list to Colimon's Bruoad Grins.
A few of such inscriptions are subjoined,
to show that they are yet of a recenttdate.
The following may be seen in Doncaster
"Here lies two brothers by misfortune surrotmi-
One (ied ofthis wounds,the other was drownedd"
And in a neighboring burying ground at
Arksey, of a less recent date, may be
found several equally ludicrous, fr(,m a-
mong which, we sehlct what follows:
Farei'll my friends it,
Sisters anid dear itoither,
You have lost your soni;
And have gont n oIthler.
Elsewhere we find William WYillliams
nterred, with this Epitaph on his tomb.
.Heretie the rsmains oh' W. VW.
\V'ho never more will trouble you, trouble yeI.
On a person distinguished for a wide
mouth, shocking profanity is superadded
to folly:
IHere lies a man, may Heaven him save,
Vthosc mouth was \ ide as is his grave :
li,'sl'r, triod lightly on Ilhis sod,
i-or if" In- piptr, yomri gone, by '
In Biddef.rd Church-yard, Devon.
The v edding day ap;)pointrd was,
An dt s,'-d!(ing clothes irovi.dl;
But ere that day did tconle, alas !
-He sickn'd and hb die did.
In Seven Oaks, Kent.
( Grim deathtook me without any t'arning,
1 was well at night, and dicid in the morning.
In WVest Grinste;d, Sussex.
,'Vast strong was [,.bat yet did die,
And it rny grave asleep do lie;
Mey -grve is stoned round about, "
utl hope tlat G(4 wi.tflad me'dtit.

-------'- ~PLL~~Cii~XZ~CIIPrrPI~B~


g.... ,. .'- -"^'" "' cealed from the view of the people by the
A rays of pomp which form its train. Its
object is to preserve power by the daz-
-- -zli,.g display of regal magnificence:; to
FiOn A peKssYLVANIA CoKssaPONBNT.i h O 5r
3TaH NATI'rso justly rejoiced at the receive perhaps reluctant homage, or to
auspicious opening of thefifth residence extort obeisance from oppressed vassals or
uspiciousopening the fith presidetation pr-cy, humble subjects; to meet pageant and
The sea-board arid frontier visitation pro- ephemeral towns, or, with impious mock-
duced a sp6'.aneousand general applause.
duced a sp aneousand geenoeral applause ery, like Catherine and Joseph,build a city
It could not have been more happily in .aurida in a day. Let us look at that
timed; it united novelty with utility, icre and at this t the contrasted
pi'omptitude of conception with celerity picture and at this-at thecon
pomptitude of conception with celerity scene presented to the view of a free peo-
and energy of execution, republican si pe. Here, a few scientific and military
plicity with the courtesy of a gentleman; men accompany the Presdent.; the
and the first magistrate ot the country equipage plain, suited to the purpose and
niet the blended reverence of harmonized obectto survey our late defencless
parties with sentiments becoming thehead coast ; to aid the natural bulwarks of the
of a great and rising republic. The mo- country by t ll of the engineer ; to
ment was felicitous ; before party rancor examit..:.ne pointsof accessible approach;
could yet have fastened its envenomed ing war;
to-.th; before private grief or disappoint- to substitute strength for weakness and
ed ambition had traced its first parallel of thus endeavor to preserve our pacific re-

I at est howeverlittleconfidence on the lations by a demonstration of the ability
to defend, with the power to hurl ven-
flattering anticipation of political happi- geance on the wanton aggressor who
ness at each qew mera of executive power, might dare to stain the soil of the repub-
when presented in this its first aspect. lic by hostile intrusion.
If the'recepuicn of Mr. Menroe had been his visitation of seacoast and g-

cId and distrustful, a auttery ot strength
would have been raised by the future ma-
lignity of party spirit, adverse to his well-
earned popularity, and perhaps actively
employed to gratify its nefarious purpose.
But very different was the effect p oduced
by his presence, in the prosecution of the
grand object of his excursion. The hate-
ful spirit of faction had occasioi:ed till
then thie severance of years of social in-.
tercourse-the festive board then re-
ecihoed with the same patriotic wish; for
the 'first time, Discord hid her gloomy'
face,, social affection revived, and the ad-
dress'to the common father of his country
flowed in one compion stream of undivid-
ed r-gard. The bitterness and indignancy
of party spirit was lulled into a temporary
calm,! and, however difficult to forget or
forgive eastern degradation during the re-
cent war, this united republican ,and fede-
ral respect was an offering the generous
would receive, as lessenig, if not nearly
extinguishing, the disgust and horror the
parricidal acts of some of the New-Eng-
land States had so strongly excited.
In all the exterior deportment of the
first magistrate, at his table, the civi-
licies of intercourse, private or public, I
should have felt humbled if .'!r. Monroe,
the President of the Union, the man of
the people, cmld on ti'e-e rccasinns have
indicated a "sha d otf dc iti.ina.toil 1. Il.,
recicpn o0th h1 rT,"T-'.t' s t hundtd
on poiitical divisi nor div rsity of opinion
on the measures of government.
l Has, then, a conduct so wise and dig-
,nified given offence? Would our mis-,
taken patriots have extolled the hand that
raked the dying embers of national dis-
union ? It was not thus the noblest h art-
ed monarch .of the French received the
men who had opposed him in arms and
spread desolation'for years over that fine
country. Is Mr. Monroe, then, to be re-
p;oachcd with an overstrained compla-
cency, 'when with honor to himself and
advantage to the republic, he has thus
mrt the unextorted respect shown to him
in his Presidentia, character.? When we
behold a good and virtuous action, are we
invidiously to pretend to pry into the re-
cessts of the human heart in hopes to-
disturb and muddy its fountain ? There
are few' men so depraved, whatsoever
maskmay be assumed, whose hearts do
not respond when the chord of philan-
thropy is struck. Western prejudices
have tried to throw a shade on these
courtesies, but the mistaken jealousies of
a patriotic state must soon yield, if they
have not already, under the just result,
that these respectful attentions were ho-
norably and appropriately bestowed,
and rightfully reciprocated.
This tour of Presidential duty possess-
ed other characteristics, not to be over-
looked, and worthy of the public attention.
Among a people of insatiable avidity for
news,'it will be hardly credible, that the
arrival at Baltimore and the disclosure
of its object were cunsentaneously an-
nounce4. The rapidity of the movement
was no doubt intended to avoid the in-
cumbrances and delay -if form. All wa"
plain, sit.ple, and republican. But in
a government constituted like ours, the
wishes of the individual must y eld to the
popular will. The peevishness of even
a Henry the Great, wheu accosted with
long addresses, would ill accord with the
resp ct which the first citiz. n of a repub-
lic owes to his constituents.
A journey of inspection, the toil o
months, is commenced wvn to u lat hbirg
to aItounce, or hit-guardsmen to pro
tect, in a circuit of an imnuiTi.se exent,
resting with confidence on the general
affection due to the early soldier and the
h lo ng-trained state-man.
Monarchy, 'when seen abroad, is gent-,
rally enveloped in a blaze of 'splendor;

neral frontier will forrni a distinguished
trait of the administration ot Mr. Monroe,
and of which he has furnished the first
It is the province of great r.men to avail
themselves, no matter from what source,
of whatever may tend to the national ad
vantage. One of the most illustrious
monarchs of whom Europe can nl-w boast
did not disdain to follow the same path
last year, impelled perhaps onmy by the
native vigor of his mind and by his ac-
knowledged philanthropy.
After the last adjournment of Congress
the President resumed the patriotic task,
contemplated, I presume, on a limited
scale, and intended this year probably to
be. confined to the Federal District and
part of Virginia. The sudden tecal- of
the Executive to the seat of government
was, no doubt, occasioned by the crisis in
our affairs with Spain, to which the ardent,
gaze of the public eye is at this time
still specially direct..d.
The evils incident to war, the vicissi-
tudes and changeful fortune of the last,
the spirit of disaffection which raged in
the east,our financial distresses, the inter-
ruption to our commerce and the check
to our growling greatness, will, 'to every
reflecting ultiidriJ,.a SuIthE question of peace
.t w.,r to be of momentous concern.

ali dlLt rnauve, when the evils enJdured ar,
greater and m'-re pernicious than it.is pro
able we shall be exposed to by open and
avowed hostility. America felt that Great
Britain had placed her in that ignomi-
nious state. It was a deep impression of
this truth which carried us triumphantly
through., Britain had no intention to
begin war whilst we patiently submitted
to the indignities she inflicted. To im-
pose on a credulous people, she affected
to consider our resort to war as changing
the wrong-doer into the sufferer, the in-
jured into the wanton aggressor.
If we have risen in strength after a con-
test with a fierce and powerful enemy
without. whilst agonizing under a grow-
ing gangrene from a foe within, let us not
forget we owe it chiefly to the goodness,
of our cause, to its justice, and, finally, to
one great event, bearing down at last a
hitherto remorseless opposition.
It was the useless barbarity of the fire kin-
dled at Washington, consuming the splen-
did monuments of taste and magnificence,
so honorable to the new world, which re-
moved the film from the dimmed eye of
faction, and imparted union and its conse-
quents, strength and energy, to the na-
The reputation, justly acquired, of na-
val and. military heroism, by the generous
and high toned honor of our commanders
by sea and land, by the bravery ol our
sailors and soldiers, by the gentle spirit
of our government, tempered with una-
bating firmness and efficiency, must not
rashly be lavished and thrown away, but
hoarded as the miser clasps his treasure.
Reputation is strength, if not abused; it
is perhaps as much so in its moral as phy-
sical character. These sentiments are
little necessary to be pressed on the go-
vernment; but they cannot bf too stroBgly
enforced, where the public voice always
acts so powerfullyy on its measures..
ITn a second number I shall present some
considerations on public affairs, not more
important t.an those I have already sug-
gested, though less general in their appli-

We understand that the )irec-.jib of
- the United ttates'Bank have setleitd the
plan drawn by '-r. btrickklnd, oft-.is cit'.,
to whom they have a.varded the h s pr. -
mium ; and thai Mr. Lat ,,be's h
St p a' .roved of as next b st, to wh. m

but, hke the' nupleus of a comet, is con- they
have awarded their secon
d premium,

inding. iS AYRY R N DOCUMENTS." to transmitto your excellency, contains the .. ...... _-
BIasked communications I h l e receivedby-lhe tnv', -. ,, I .
mattTrn vonre 'ril -, LK ,ET.,LD. VwhOm I have autlwrised to come to this capit:- al ,
*r that; with entire security. 1 will take care to auv.is
fashioif.the General in chief iro tern your excellent' of all1 thi i.ar c onta..' ,E vY, SEP'E' BER c n
DesoaF1 *ivinr6' of the .nds, Ex ,os 1X in the despatchles he has brig t, ar.d other oc. E-.A SEP 3 1E'BER 5.
Sin. n w or ; eor. cerr'ences relative to this neegaciaticn.
J tv, wor 1Director. God keep your excellence many i ears.
g'nc-r ao iicellent Sir:-I have this day itead Quarters, Sni'geo Jmic 2,i1S18. We are authorised to state, for the in-
.18l qiueto. his Excellency the ,u- A\TONIO GONZALES.BALCARCE. ro,'n Gir of those interested, that the
frwar-,. Ilet c'or of this State the follow- To his excellency the Supreme Director ot r of applicants ion under
pr-mef yourer ce the United Provinces of South America. mber of applicants for pensions under
lig ililei vill'. ,:t sir :-A new laurel [Official despatch referred to in the preced- a lict efithe last session, has been so
4 Mi ded to the crown of our coun- ing ono.] reat, that it has tot been possible, with
has bee,1 thoin the town of Purral, on the Alost Ercellent Sir :-Invested with fiul pow- every exertion, to act upon them so fast
try's at livinit 27th of last month, An en- er froi his Excellency the Vice Roy, Captait; as they came in. In addition to which,
:lawn in'hen-iment of 300 men,cmmand General of Peru, D.Joaquin de la Pezue.a, tn
e-ly's ritidaitor/ Manuel Bulnes, had ta- effect he exchange of prisoners of the roval some delay has taktn place in order to
ed by ti) oid of that point on the mor- anm ade by you, agreeably to your offer, and supply from the records of the several
edby n wg -t.d on tie mw- .ider the guarantee of the United States, 1 I s h m n
ken ponm 1i3a tst. The place was utterly have arrived in this port in the sloop of War states, the documents in relation to revo-
ning of. defence. .It was sacked, and Ontario, whose commander, James Biddje, litionary services, which were destroyed
destitutare inhabitants were inhumanly kindly gave me a passage on board of hi ves- when the War Office was burnt in 1801;
many o savored, as yu will nd it stated sel; a id general v Oifftred himself to conltribute uin
put totmany tned copy, No. 1. The wor to the rehef'ofthe deserving military x homr the which cause of delay is now almost whol-
thoe thie d o Nose tias 7 fate of war has placed in the power of your Ex- ly removed. The applications for pen-
inthesmtaheMajor Don Jose Matias Za- cellency. To this fiect I walt upon you with .
thy Coli narnitad taken, command of that the letters of his excellency the Vice Roy. Be- sons are taken up in the order of time
piola, w.a.ly v ''my stationed in Talca,agrce .ig at the same time entrusted with tnr thou:- in which they were received, and every,
part of ttion orders communicated to him, d dollars for the assistance of the said nhr, eHfrt will be made to render the delay
wIbeg your Excellency to have tie goodness (it
ably to tis- iew. of-scouring the country there be no inconvenience) to grant the permit as short as possible. When claims to
and wita, in being the enemy, ordered a for laiuinig of the specie and the distribution pensions are admitted, the certificates
and of -"I','reo.diers on horseback to, thereof among :lie prisoners; and for the more .
party of' is aule his ivemert was speedy communication oftourord,:rsl begitlso will be transmitted to the persons by
recross tf '- -nt a eservin ro vou excellence to grant me leave to sta whom the claimants' papers were sent to
-ritts "ct.J ,'-j: ".m rnti ainer eserv I, m !his capital in order t, adjitit tihe exchange the War Iepartment "Vhn rjzte
rntiuust soS amr e ru- ime", D. Miu- of prisoners with your Excellency in person, or.
c.ipil. ec.... ~"- Who being reinforced by with witomsnever you ma\ please to appoint they will be returned in the same man-
el. Caal f ,imen o tile jurisdiction ot for that purpose. I oughtto inform you that from ner, with the reasons stated firl rejection,
some trt's ,inelxpcte,llv upon the satd among th- officers prisoners in Lima, I have M letters of general e r as t
Parral, house re-ults of this bold enter- brought along with me, in order to be exchaug- ere ettersofgeneral enquiry asto"ne
point e of deh of Bln, several ed, tie Lieteant Cooioels D Jose Ques.da arnd state of particular appqications,we ar.. in-
h red of hs menlbe1).- Jtni Jose Jalderrana, and the Capt. D) Ped. formed,,cannot be a, w:u
prize arr hi 0 hundred ofhis men, be. ro Gumn and D Francisco Vtilanueva(alrcady ,-cannot be antwertd, as it w-ould'
hisoffic'ho atiel, with some officers and a ent onshore) Those thatare remaining would colsu' ,e much of the time that ought to,
sides a .C to ien taken prisoners, as stated have been sen along b) the same vessel ifCap- be engaged in the investigation of claims.
nunsberthe.,No. 2. The conduct of capt. unaio Biddle had root enoug'h for their accoi,-
in the cn t deserves tae highest com- inodation, or the prospect of any other vessel
en at tha, might have taken himn under his convoy, Ve stated,the. oiter daythat Ihe Con-
Ca :I| lpnl hi'.uVe this is not the first the same having been reques-ed from him as
menl'au nded hi-li IL hia l given proofs o Ais he will hiinselt inf.,rm your Excelle;icy. gressi at their last sessiun, ihad gra ted to
iSt.otncc ,,. cell ct disposition. I must God Leep yourE;.'.t ,i, ..*c.-la trhe port Major Gencial ArriT U T. CLaIR a
valor an, i urend to your excellency the of Valparaio on board he sloo6 of war Oiia-
valsor anc ucnd to oeii e-icllencr the rio, 29th -, ay; 1818. pension of six hundred dollars pier annum,
also re i c g s e-t-nair f the m I DLH BEtRIAGUE & BLANJO. and,we might have added, vithiout its b
well'dest ,int. L!rrt'ia % It- waswound- To lits Excelle.eicy, D. Jose San' ng,, skgd t ith e added, 'bviin ior t fis br .
li'ia, Dur i" Inn f ,he i:nte corps, Don Martin, GenerW in ctief of the Ing asked either by hmn or his frie?,ds.
ed;ithe c rrutta, and the. ei sign Doul Army of the Andes and Chili. Respecting the amount of the p:nsioa
Doming'houltvezi who, with his swurd,put copy LCARCE e wrote from recollection, witnut re
Val"n Bulies, as- well as the BALCARCE.rtion, without reI
Vakn ,, rt,eator Bulnes, aswell as the -.,. terence to the law. We now fi.,d that
t0 dealh ,, ,,utual'trn,. either regulars or
oficet' on proper occasions, ha e OF PENSA'OLA. the pension so granted was at the rate of
n.mlhI.I, Vir. 'd thit, whenever they meet Extract of a letde, / omia gentleman in St. Se s.xty dollar s pe r mont or seven h t
al'.wys pl "~'hey ncver fail to conquer. pits, (A, T. to eted s o .hle issiip- tw ty dollars er ann
l:he enent ti iardin, the above copy for pi State Gazette, datediAugust 12'. da'e from the 4th of March, 1817, so a
in I cr ,,.n.l bep t.. obs rve to your. Hkaving lately 'visited Pensacola, I to give to the aged veteran a present sun
y.'urI ral' u;.IACt the lfces oI the enemy, take the liberty o0 tratismitting you a few of s-ven %.r eight htindred dollars, for the
cxcdlenrc een Cdttruycd on that occa- observations relative to that pace, which,
hicli ha ,t, the mis rablei rcmaiTsol the by recent occurrence s, has become the rli f of his immediate necessities.
sion; aie .,,i in MAl ipu, consisting of the subject of much political speculation, aid -
army Tion, 'nme persons attached to the request you to make what use of them ,New k ha more tha
sick, and I h y au may think proper. once pronounced csure n t Naia In-
rear giai .',I 10 GONZALES BALCARCE. According to Mr. Elitcot, Pensacola is telligencer for having republishled, in aiu article
A. I' .,t*i,'S Santiago, June 1st 1818 situated between 30 and 31 degrees N. respecting frauds under the -cla ms' law oil the
nc the Supreme irc. at. and is. nearly 84 W. iong. fru w York frontier, a passage supposed o re-
t. ...lency'the Supreme Direc. fleet on the .'iutontit party in the state of New
To his EJnted Provinces of South Geenwich on the no th side of a bay, ~ on s aktg'of a lprgye and respectable
!or of th i, 1 ich his n. U tel" nlon to Ily know I ln -l .a..of. a large and especta le
.or ol tlll-i,, ... ..h OL.ti i to ..y know .porti, oftie people of a gi ceats.ate we dis.
Amercla .a lde, titlil the b.ay o; t. .nsacola. Ihte like to use tis term,as we detest every species

.. u, i. t ,s a t so L.ar, t c tu u .te '. it. As to te eharg'eo the
o ths,, l L'.7.-'s ,io Iit i' ii, it"i'at i ctt,, a cii'U.I.-s tL nl an, a We woulhd-sate otr Innocencef slit, as
in:. -, rI ,..i,, i- o,, t I ic di e across he "far as any malicious intent is attributed to us.
.- 1. .i i. : .,. ..- at Le ti r,. I a llii cct d at tWO lea- 'Froiisuch controversy s we have a! ways stood
i i iton- r 1) Li '. 1 ,1]1r ti. .iT.d I 1 jlc a ,.iily he same aloof, and endeavor to avoid evei allusion to
*pu n I is : l ,r ,., Ji,..c -. I i-L lua.l butt on a plai i, them. Our oniect is to con met a p-per pure-
"t'ii ,t_ ;' "t.'o I-,.hi"II|."II I nan servat ; Io. l of nationa
Pablo. ,hisson, and man servant;Io course, white sand, adskirted b ofioal complexion avoiding te tri
mal, i'., ,' ',i d Nicaso Figuleroa; ground at tie distance of three-,ourths o an n hec ann tm
nal 1-.un 1 ,1t aprds of utwentyaniles from high water tsa[k. gisantlaspect of the present discussions;in the
besid._- -.i..n,.i, under thepretext.that
eati :inm I iiIoutdthey sackedpre thet 'I should suppose the number of dwel ewspapers of New York, cannot be too deep-
village, and carried away a great deal of pro- ling houses to be about 150, all. wooden ly regretted.
perty. These'are all tie particulars I can g-ive bundings, and, generally, one story uigi.
you at this m )inent. Four streets run parallel with the bay. They have communicatedto usa let-
God keep youan years &c. tli he town is regularly laid out. Thte er fro Natcommunicaz, ted the 29et-
6 DIOMSO1 'OrtIAYOR. er orom NaLCbitochez, elated the
S. sfthe' Aaule,21stAlay, 1818. streets are cousiderabiy wider than .tiuse uly, which contains the following para-
Col. Doi Jose Zap ola. of N. Orleans, -.noi cross each other at graph
; o.. Ii. eight augL:s., The whole.place bears the ae Comanches Indians, who had departed
I have the pleasure to inform you that after a.ipparance of decay. For mma.y years in great numbers, about four .non hs since, to
a five nights .1 arch throw' unfreequented paths. the architect has found no enccura`U.ei, ine make iiciirsios on the Soaniartls, had succeed.
,concealing yselft.I the woods during the day tn Pt'enacola. The public uildings are a t takuS fruiom them 250 heads of horse' a 4
'time, having succeeded it posting myself in muls, in e e borhdof Antono T
thi vicinity of hi toewn of' Parral, occupied i Kouman Catholic Lhiurcline Go, er .mnient u ls, in te ae hboh,d St. Anton.o. They
tile vicinity oietowi of rrai, occupied \ n ientV'rc traced oy coloucl J. Perez, wi, n la.-
theenemy wth 300 men. Determined ti at.aic. fuuse, and a spacious buiding Ithree nto met w Ih ti beat then completel,and Lok
hilm, alit...I,gh' ri, I, ce i, composed of only rules high, called tlie Barlacks, which las I ortihem al the al ircat le,evea tie horses vwhch
200 ier., gr-.l/i-ar. rsi ..1.1 nu ia, print ipally thle thirty -two rounos, but is rcntuered eari) the lihdians had v. lieu uey started front home.
later I nipi-rieIl mi 4t,1 '. attack him in the useless for want oft reipaI a. i lie towniul 'lie Spaiiards of the neighboring settleminents
rear at:,, t lr,,,tl,i u -livided my troops Pensacola is healthy almost to a pro erbh nave sent all lieir herds in the interior, to avoid
into r under my ime- e rapaity o ite Indian, so that our traders.

ate cem 1 .n 11n-i.hni |.Ii'. 1 ,:.. nd under the com-
mand of Captain D. Domingo Urrutia, and En
sign D. Jose "Talentin Galvez, ordering the gre
nadiers to ciujge the enemy's quarter's, and the
militia to occupy the entrance of the streets.
As soon as I gave the orde, s to advance, they
rushed foi watld, Ctreading tinder the feet oftheir
horses the e'ehitinels posted at the gates and
took p-e."s'i" of the ,quarters. The enemy
flew im..r, tly'in the public parade, and took
shelter in the!neighboring houses, from which
they opened a br;ak tire through the windows,
doors and lob1 holes; but the arms of the gal-
l ut troops v%., ;lh Ili i .' the honor to commannd
soon put an iJ to the d6onest, anid slew 2u0 of
toe enemy, athong them Col luhines, who fell
oy the sword of the intrepid ensigni Galvez, be-
sides many other officers. Among tie prison-
ers were Col. 1). Cipriano Pama, and several o-
ther ollicers ofthe lie and militi.i. On our part
we had a grenadier wounded, and the intrepid
serjeant major ofthe militia, D. Jacinto UrLrutia,
severely wounded. At another momem I will
give you further details ol the munitions and
arms that have fallieninto our hands. I send
you at tins t me 70j prisoners, officers and sol-
God keep you many years, &c.
Pa'urrial, 271hr .11y, 618. 11 o'clock
tll the inorn'iiiig.
GCol. D. Jlose Z'ipla .
Official despaich from the same.
.Most cfceUient sir .- The Vice Roy of Peru
seems lenigthi to be impressed with that lib-
erality of sentimen nAii hb ought always to ex-
st among civilized nations in time of war. One
of hiis envoys arrived at the port of Val araisi,
For the [purpose of adjusting ian exchange of
prison-rs.' e lhas brought with him ftur of
our 6fi ers they hladio Luna as a pledge ofthit
sicehty ot thi proffered ne .ociation, and gives
as'urans tatlia il wait Ot tie ineans of ra!.
portation oA.ly preventeti the release oftlh- few
that renniiied, as was desired and agreed upon.
'ix ntoiilis ago, G(e'eral Don Jose d-: San
MtVarltin invited Lte Vice Roy to adopt a similar
arr.'nmte,,ient, but no answer "I other explana-
tion upon 'ht subject c uld be obtained. Tne
b'ttie of Miipao lia. undoubtedly been the ori
gin nlt thi, chance.
The subjoined copy which I have the honLW

During thet;myeol mIy stay tiere, (wiwncii
was the latter part of the month of July)
there was ou case of sickness i61 the place.
I The rapk to which Petisacjla wili
even ualiy attain,in the coun.ierciai woriu,
is at this time doubttul. The country ini
mniediately around it has no pret.iutiojs to
fertility. The Escamuita, which- empties
into tne head of the bay, fllords a unart
row strip of alluvial ground, and with the
single exception of this, there is no good
iand nearer Lhan the Alabama,& its contrin-
butory streams. But to balance this in-
convenience; the harbor is one of the best
in A'nmetica. It is sutlicientiv spacious,
and easy of access to ships of the largest
class. If a naval depot snouid be estab-
lished here,as is believed by men of tauti-
cal information, it would, of course, give
employment to great noui hetrs of mechain-
ics, and energy to contiiuCrct.
It is true, the growth of Pensacola,
may piobibly, be slow for a tune; but
when we consitucr the heal'hiness of its
situation, th6 excel enrce ot i s i arbor, is
prixiunity to their bay ot Mobile, uand tic
city ti New-orleians, we are irrc is.ibV
it.d to c.nciude, itha ii must, eventua:;y,
becoic a piece ol piinairy it.prrtaiice."

The ship .Nzmrod, capt C:.rtei, was
launched yesterday afterinon by lie scen-
ditic builder, Mr. 'sidni-y vVrigiit. She
wcnt off' handsomely, and etteertd -te
water in the most gracefull manner. The
ship is ab jut 300 tons burthe,., anrd is
intended f1r a regular trading pa ket,
between this port a td Havre de Gra.-e.
Slite is a very beautiful ship a .d having
b. t, built under the inlspecrion of capt.iin
Center, her grea- strength cairnot ,.
doubted. Jones a;nd AM. rath. T. Phelps
and the captain, are .he owners.

wio have ief here about three moiotins ago,will
hind no catlle to p irchijs.s, unless they remain
t,'ir months longer, and even tnit it is doubt-
ful whether they will be able to tradee"
[Laiua. Courier.

We perceive by the Connecticut Cou-
rant of the present week, that the Rev.
.SamueLl, Mills, of that state, w -o was
employed by the Am.:rican Colonization
Society to visit the coast of Af:i-t, with
tie view of gaining information concern-
ing the practicability of a settleilicut be-
nig formed for the pu' poses of that Soc;-
ety, has fallen a victim to the emerprize,
having died on his passage, we presumne,
from !England to Africa. The d ath .of
thi. gei,tler.an will be seven. ely felt. not
o-'ly by his friends and the Socieny in
whoie employment he was eni .'age'tl, but
by the public at large, awd --speciaiiy by
,the rleigioui public.-l .'V Y. Di. iav.

Si-ce the rmattoritij of E.ostp 'rt to
'h.- Uniteti Se'cs by G:' at fln 1, a
nicwx.papcr h-' ts been e-et.bhsis-d th re,
c zteled .e Eastiport Se.tpr.el i;d u,,a-
:.aiftu'(ddy Advirtiser. It is 1 t, ted oxce
a week oin a deny sheet, a.id. j'!dgi.g
I oni the adver ise,.e is aid st.ippi.., list
ih,.chl appear-d ii) the fir-t n.umbher, it
must be a place where c isieiuable mer-
cantile business is transacted.

By a let er from a gentleman in Salem,
( "ass) t t s fri--nd in this t .wn, dated%
Augus' i30 we Icarti that the Cashier .md
Clerk .,f'tl'e Essex Bank autely el',p'ed,
carryi:,g with ilihem ciwel r. ig/ht- and
a hnn,!rrd und t'w'nt, 1h uosa a d"dolar '.sin
cash [eloeging to the '.8ssee (Sal. !-. ass.)
Bunk. A lew d(hys -d been sptii; in
c.u tin-.- the money lef in t'e nI, obut
th- amount missing ih er-
itained, [Orange Co, Gat

_ _


On Monc'ay i st a decr
Crofton Uniack', Esq. Jur
of Vice-Admir;t ty, in t
schooner Nabby, an An
vessel, lately sent into this
his majesty's ships for a:
-appeared that the Nabb)
taken fish on the coast, b
been found at anchor in o
bors, into which she had n
by stress of w,:ather, or al
ous circumstance. The
took a very extensive view
in ail its b. ari.,gs; from w
appeared, that the permiss
the treaty of'83 to Americ
on the coasts of the Bri-ti-
to mike the fish so taken
habized" harbors of No'
-could not be cnstrutrd iti
ri; ht, but expired with th
-was broken and destroyed
can declaration of warin 1
sel, together with her ca:
was therefore co! demned
tion of :te lhritish laws of
trade, and hes been deliver
prirrcip '. officers of his tia
for saI and distribution ac
Twio other vessels, the V
Ravon, detained under si
stances, are in thi same p
'Aug. 31 -The Nabby
ard Raven, American fi
have b-,:n cwndcmlied in th
admiralty 'tbr an infiaction
.laws of navtga.ion and tra
be so!:! by the officers of I
-erp. 1.-1i will be pierce
our, readers as have read tht
Jeid:e of the A,' itrJty in
Nabby, American fishing
does not aiTect the pretend
by the citizens of the Unitei
ing a right to take fish
Baik of Newfoundland, th
Lar.:renc", and all other pl
as ite was condemned faor
the laws made for the reg'
and navigation. He obser
that it would seem that t
the British government at tl
wvas to acknowledge an ab
take fish in those places; I
that the court was .,ot call
case to determine that poin
relates to that part of the
which.gave the Americans
on the coasts, bays, and cre
jesty's dominions,'and to
the' r shores, most undou
vilege ceased when the Amt
ineilt -violatedc the .treaty
quent dclara ion of war;
said he felt himself bound'
tie r-eaty of .1783, and all
dependin tlt-crton, had cr

It wil be seen by an artic
ting's paper, dated H-alifax,
rican .iashing vessel, sailed th
been formally condemned by
the court of vice admi alty t
livered over to the princip-
the customs for sale and dist
cerding- to law ; the ground
demna'.in!i was an interaction
laws of navigation and trade,
,o rthe c':ast of Newfouidiant
newspaper informs us that
the judge abstains from denv
of the United States to take
Grand Hauk of New f'uidla
of St. Laswreuce, and ail oth
the sea. Does it indeed ? .
under particular obligation t
time courts of Great Britain
dict us from. the use of th
,way of nations ; that they d
that the open sea is appropr
own exclusive ben fit.
As to the groiuid that Grew
now assumed for the justific
late ceizeres and condemn
fishing ave'sels, we venture
what a".eia-rs justification
eyes, w II be regarded in a v
light by the Ame-ican gover
fkll .wing is the opinion of ft
a late occasion, as expressed
As regards the fisheries,
ocean, not within the territo


AX i3uo. 2l. The general accoui-ts of the Corpora-' LES.
ee w.,s..ivenf by tion to the Slst til. inclusive, have been. THIS DAY, at 11 o'
dge of the cour; p.blhihld in be ChaeriesCt n papers. iThe! .A lock, A. M.
he case ol the committte-onrc'iuints.in-.umnimgi uptheir PUBIt'S LE. S -
nerican hisdin:- report, state, that the sum received fori By John Peaod
s port by one of the last year, was 6174,794 38, of which' .. 'i ~ UCetioeer,
ljud!cation. It S66,795 03 were expended n(r the put- ry aut. n rcoms, av o.oyil be sold, a
y had nut only chust of stone and materials for the pay- among them are, riety of Drygoods
ut that she had ing of'East-B.'y-streett and Venducc ,onge; : iBle and brown cloths, illIed cassimeres
tne of' the har- widening East-Bay, and Broad-street; pur- itriah shsirtng, do. sheeti g, ease tussia dia
not been driven chase of lands and Building to the north pe"s, do table linens, ale ott
ty other fortuit ard east of the ci.y H.all, intended fot a steailorchiefs, canbricks, aitle.vestings, cott
learned judge public walk, additions and repairs to the .,zetts, wildbories, hoser s ownholands,bom
w of the subject City Hall, and making a Tapla work on ba-,h bedti king., coarse li i 200 oxes cotton.
shich it clearly East-bay continent. It is with pleasure A.so, a few gold,-siive composition
sion granted by your comalttee state, ihat not one cent gilt astohbes, do.ca, runk wompn's moan
cans to take fish has been borrowed b) the' cit for these "cc shoes, 15o n water.
h colonies, and 0reat public improvements. The balance .Georgetown, sep 15-- BODY, Auctr..
in the tunin- in the Treasury on .the 1st of' Septem- .
va Scotia, &c. ber, 1818, was g5,368 55 cents exclusive IHard ware a
to a ptrina"ectt if the arrearages of taxes, Assessments, T"HE sale of Hardware ,
e t-eatly, which Rents., &c. amounting to ;33.041 81 cen. 1. ed for Friday tile lit-.i, '1th was advertis-
by the Am e-ri- maki g a total of 28.410 36." dlay '1st inst. at 10 ,,cock, ., .
812. The yves- -- --- tetorelatel y ocupoiea y .iD. Shoemo
go. tackle &c. EMIGRATION TO lrl., UNITED STATES. ,toun. roms, as eor I enue, r d not at our
1, for an infrac- e ra"aested to observe, rtedl. T-he public
.n-e "cge ro o ile" -hl' t
navigation and The current of emigration, from the to.k will be sold without. i- i:. e ..t this
tr d over to the British do.inions to the territory o' the b. rumns under lou cast tilWs or reserve.
jesty'saustoms United States, never was us strong as it is .ronthi credi, above 400 si t no 4es00 itr
cording to law. now. Fur the week eroding the 3st of mn approved endorser. ii. nutes with
2 tcordinMto law. soo eV g s ii t NI c '.
Vashington-and August, 2150 passing rs, l nearly tle ny persi. auct'rs.
similar circum- whole of whom were emigants i-roti Eu- ,.id' tock at i y' e, whole 6f
lw, .Id ,tock at ,t t.,,It sur, wi. a l .
redica-ient. rope," arrival at the single port of New- onc, Georgetown. will apply to Mr.
Washington, York; for the subsequenii.eek we kept an sep 15- '
fishing vesse's, account of the passengers reported in the -- '
he court of vice .tiCespapF'es, (vhiclh is far' sti rt 0of th Valuable Hosous. d Lot
n of the British number that arrived') and found them toI AT PUBLit .:1 n
ide, and arL to amount to ziearly 3000, for five or six rfliL be;,ldat ll ,,l,,, Lt,,n I .
the customs to- principal poris-and tule aggregate ay icxt, tice 9h ,, li.st substantial anI
be fairly estimated at 6000 for the two 'Lsq. on quare t o. ..... i.1 bky it. Y. Breni,
eived by such of weeks preceding the 6th.of September. north, near the General.'', .ht 1 ,, o street
ae decree of the L l'eeeky Res. se.t ocrcupiedby the lion. .i. t at pro-
lhe case of the -g----- ge with the lots ad rotary ofWar, to.
vessel, that it A magnificent arid extensive River, ire platerms will be ecjp. mw,
sions advanced coursing through the most beautiftal and -A, si, 1 ... not ,ri at. the time
d States, claim- productive part of A Cew South Oa/es',bua, s' 5-ts
orf the Grand been recently discovered in the interior O R: :IAURO,auct. .
he Gulf of St. of that Colony.. The advantages to be Land for'a e
laces in the sea, derived from the facilities offeretdhy such K parsuance oi the.., '-a 'i testa"" et.
a violation ef a source of communication are iincalcuhl elate, lenjami- ., tl e subscriber
ula:ion of trade ble. It harfbcte uniformly beiievcd,lroin -tmI oer axt. f air on the lth Sep-
rved, however, the first clonitzation of Nt w Hollandihat ire .te residence 'of t;..- '" ext fr dayid a, '
the intention of there were no rivers of magnitude in the ae wasi possessed ot, 'bouttt.^easdal thi'e latiC (
he time (1783) interior, and. that.the wealth and coui.- 6y tie asttuxeni rivrt'. Ib o bt I bou
solute right to (ierce oi'the colony would have beti', gP, ia' n The p'I''i-ents are u tolera,- a t
but" he stated, from the wat of such conductors, alto- ver ul, a good e use and all ne-
,ieisary iutt-hiouses, and it 'souse, and al Ihe-
ed upon in this gether confined to its coasts. Chait.c., li.r tolerable goud re- l
t." As far as however, has accideinally 'tfected what ',e.;'it of three years, .uj will .be srld on a
original treaty tioe -r;ost active industry has searched "uswet. Tihe pur.-- -iet t tile widow' t
liberty to fish for in vain for a series ot years. i v with two y,,-'.,*. t r <. .it,'l togiv
ic,, *. :,' y ; e vere-st-,herpo,,. T he I,,, w in-
eks of his ma- .Chi. Tm es, e any oneeby rpot..T i "r'y "'ii l be e
ecud e fish onpti or ilmein, on the pr-emises ;. ug to 'lr. Joseph t r
tedly that pri- I .. ,sr ,. 8. ,.-, Traiey's Lat tdIir,- An,t-hIbo as 'or ue ,
terican govern- On Sattrday last Fob-s DAth ebrot cr-ir-hn time.'... j 13'- Arundei county.i
fy its subse Daniel ucy, who i nhii i t r,;ias'court of A,..Icr ', by order.o tse
d th ude suspicion of' robbing the Cumberland Bac:k, be sgr o ti, a- ',l' county, wil ftW
and the Judge vas brougi.t before W. Storer, Einq. (who exar- am -ediet oh esir reil i, e years ,.f age,o; e
to declare that ined and committed tanleyv) by virtue ot a warI tit wit', ,rr'ed ," prhchaser ginvr- e
I the privileges rant issued on ti n coiiipai.ta i ir .. M. Gerrisi, r, m'the -. '- .13. with interest s
h t I 'I le, E iL ',-.'.,i1 e-
| ,-i .' 1] i I. 1, .l.. l V.i- Ei ..xecutors. ba1
le in this eve k6, o a
le in this eve akniktf-, a pistol, powder and bal, ia vtiul of aqaiti:" '
that an Aime- ftitis, a jiider-box,. inder, s cel, flmt, maicine L)e aribol'ou, J36key Clb t.
ie Nabby,-has and candles; whicin uo search went tound in ii ti. -
Sthe judge of possess ln of .tM ank-iL, in a p iora) dcsk" "e 'a.. .- .a .c' t" d
here, and de- "i is roi`l. Thi'pstol w,:s loaded with a ba.l l7 oiLL.commei, e Iii -e s'cu,l Thurs- ti
al icersof ad prin-. Lela was required t .... .. day its Ocit. o.ey [t e re i with Wi e til
at .'P e rs t h with sur tit's ill t) e-sun> o ".t ,. ,-'', 1 -i. r I" te 8ih ; thespurst t., bI r.-r ,,I .t'1. p,. WIi d a
t ibultion, ac )earinriel at t;,,. J. Comrt 0o be held tin this ucual ; tlhL y will'be respea'bie, but the pre- hi
I.(;f ti'e con- townt iI October n-x., but nolt being aole to Cise toutllrnt cannot be asccrtaitied, It is Jt
of the lriiish couipiy, was committed to prison. s atupposed the first dlay's-urse will be 300 qt
in taking fish dollar's, the second abott 200 dollars, atnd C
d. The same FPltVIlDiKCE, it. L._SF'. 8. tile thiid about 150 liui'[r,. .
the decree of A, few days slice, thOe kee oi a slmp of Tire first day's race itli i.ie 4 miles and m
-inig the right about 400 tons, was laid at Eddy's Point. ra1eat; the second 2 irI., and repeat'; Si
Sfish on th,- W learn she is intended for an India- .id 're third 2 male 11 repeat. ,To.be
and, the Gulf map, aid is built by esrs. Edward Cat'-r ageealy to the:rul s of ue Washing-
ier places in rington & Co. 'h:s is the first shi.p which sep 15-3t' MANAGERS. 9
fruly we are has been connmmenced, buildirig in tilis M E ..S
hat thie ma-ri- town in six years, although a,considera- Exhibition of Alr Balloons,
do not inter- bie number of -small- vessels have been At .r. Burgess' luie ri, Htigh street,
e great high built here during that period.-LGaz. Geofge.ui'W no
ho rot decree '. it. NAPEY returns ia sincere thanks for hbe
"tated to her 1 ---- the encouragement- he has received i' Nt
sh:- endeavor s t coMnribui W tothe public g.-,i-
at Britain has k(' A Jewish lady of exquisite beauty had fiction, and regrets that he state of the wea-
t tain of hera with her husband been taken captive by inetr ott Saturday last prev mted,the successful
cation o her a saracen: commander of a fleet cruisirg exhibition of iis balloons. He has the honor to
nations, f our i reform the public, that he, will repeat his
to say that on the coast of Palestine. The brutal attemptson wednesday e ioona t, between
in her o capt being about to commit viole ce 5 and 6 o'clock, at o he at ae, place, viz. .Mr in
ery different be her person, she called to lher husband, lurgess' taverr., High street, Georgetown, pe
ynidien e b, (hwho wis within hearing but it, chains) %wi-en, the weather permitting, he will send up de
nment. e and asked hrnm in Hebrew, whether they, TWO BALLOONS. Th se gentlemen who
Ir King, on who were drofned in the sei, should re ,o, sess tickets, purchased.for the last exhibi- tde
Sin his own vie at the i e, can use them for admittance on the pro wi
ive at the resurrection of tll de.d ? He en occasion. The price of admittance is not bet
those of the replied in the words of Psalm lxvii. 22- ixedl, but is left to the generosity oftho',e who net
ths l .ts The Lord said, I till bring again from attt'nd i.'e exhibition. fro
rial asamits an. ill bring frorn the depths of sep I5-- son

any nation, are ree to all men who have
-not renounced their tights ; those on the
coasts and bays of the provinces, conquer-
ed in America, from France, .were ac
quired by the common sword and ming-
ktd blood, Jf Ameicans and Englishmen::
ime -bcirs of the same empire, we, with
them, hadc a common ri--ht to these fit.h-
eri. s; a' d, in the division ot the empire.
EngKlatd cotfi'rmed our title without con-
dition or s lianitation-a title equally irre
vocable with those of our boundaries or
of independence itself!
''.LiI.rUqi; rOufii nus
Jiltno'it ei cunictis, utndamque, auramque pa-

Wliha, American, I ask, hesitates whe-
ther he s':tal adopt this lanitnuge ?

S -E wIt.ht),
In Charleston, mon ie 27th ult. JoaH C Fnax.n,
Eqt. Pr sidlent of the Branch hIank .-fthe Uni-
ted Siates at Cliarleton, a ted 54 years. That
he was P-e'.ide tofa Bak, lihowever respe-.ia-
ble the st.ition, appears to have been the least
of his cltians to public esteem Ile is said to
havc lived beloved, and (lied lamented.
-At P atts!iirgh, Col. M XI' c*xeTox SilTur late
of the 29Iia regiment infantry United States
; rny.
On th"- 6 h inst. at St Louos, of a wound re-
,el ed n nIuiel about there months since,Cant.
TInoAS liatisE', first of the Kifle Regiment'
At Beditord,'Pa. M.?ajor Kii.sir GreTrxiss, of
Montg'ii.er, county, Mayland aged 52 vear.-
On the i9thi of August lUst, in thle state of
"'-.n etsee. of a pulmonary complaint, Mr.
p.ji..i::" iwai)S, formerly of this city.

the sea." Upon which she immediately
threw herself into the sea, and was drown-

Though ne'r for thee, on Shinah's plain,
Is rear'd the sculptur'd urn ;
Though Judah's harp e'erer s.wcls the strain,
Nor Salem's daughters mourn-
Though ne'er shall minstrel strains of wo,
Thy fam and virtues tell ;
Though ne'er the dirge, in numbers slow,
Shall hymn thy parting knell-
Yet softly rests thy weary head,
Wheice ocean's lowrets boom ;
Beneath the deep--t.hy coral bed
Is virtue's hallowed tomb.
And oft when eve's pa!e star alone
In sadness dims the wave ;
-The lonely surge will gently moan
Its requiem o'er ti.y grave.
Then, rest in peace and when no more
The ragIng billolvis bueep :
The Lord Jehuvah shall restore-
And bring thee from the deep !

u STEPHENS respec fuhly informs hits
.AS l fnds ,.ial the public, that he has
t.s. received 1 s first supplyy of exceii;:t
Cove Oys'.trs for t-h:s tcason. Hie lope2,
by an unirenrit'ing uhgilge'.ce in serving themt
LIp Iii thle Jest anid neatest nianner, to imert
: port'iota of h.lwi favors, atTi:s old estab-
htsinment, opposite the Cenare rarket,
winch he has refitted for comfort and con-
sep 15-3t

I'T is contempla-ed, shoqtd sutfficiebt encou-
ragement offer, to coritinue the Baths dur-
ing the wi ue-r, two days in the week, viz Wed.
inesday nd iSattirday. Stoves will be kept, and
the tinpzrature of the rooms regulated by a
The season to commenceebn the 1st of Octo-
ber, and end o: tChe 30th April; 1819.
T'Iuaus-To subscribers iU0 for itheseason, a
single. bath one dollar. Season tickets trans-
ferable to the wives of subscribers.

S'ld nous est offer suffisatit encouragement,
nous continuerons les bain i pendant hwver,
de:x jois par semaine, he tle 'rcrieli et le Su-
medi. Des Pruieles entretieilndroM dans leis ap-
partcmens une chaleur convenable, .reglee par
un thermometre.
La saison commencera le premier d'Oetobre,
18.8, et finera le 30 Avril, 1819.
CoNii)iTMoss.-Pour les souscripteurs !0
pour la saisoni; pour un soul chain un dohiar.
Les billets pour la saison peuvent etre trans-
feree aux fernmes des souscripteurs.
sep. 15-co3t

t LL persons again,' whom the subscriber
_A may have unsettledc accounts, are r 'qiest-
rd tr sc;.le the same, either by paying :he mo-
l'.v or giving their notes, on or before the 1t,
\, of Octobe'r next; otherwise they will be
cet.h with according to law, without respect.
i:) personii. Ailt those having just accounts
a;'.sl'it Ie subscriber will please to have them
presented for payment.
sep 7-2aw3w RICHD. HENDLEY;




Si, i.



COAL LANDS. ( Georgetown Colke.
INE Thousand acres, situ td on the main ex ise f the.Coe will rer'-n-
N br,.ncti of the Schuylkill river, in Sr.huyl- 1T mnce on V ,:, ,. ,,v tne 16 h inst. Thim
kill county, Pennsylvania, distant from Phi a-idifierent ejeiments being filed with c n-
delphia 85 miles, from the great centre turn- patent Professors, the classes w.ill proceed as
pike two miles, and in close prximrity to the' usial.
head of the lock navigation now forming on Ti,. Rev Dr Crassi being daily e-,ected
the river. This lnd possesses immense bo- irom Euro to resume tle Prs sely, rue
dies of the purest coal, whose qualities and ,s bscib'% will, in the meann tie, pi':y his
value are pronounced to be superior to any yet place. A. KOHL i. N
s, opened,in this country, or imported hrom E. ser 15 7t A. ...
rope. For the three years last past since its
> disc very, orintroduc:ion and use, it coitinme' Land for Sale.
steadily and rapid y to advnee in general es- HE sube v sebl, t privae sale, the
timation, and the great iron mannfacto. ea on i land wh r-n :e resides, 5 mde from
Sthe Schuylktll and the streams in the west vi- Nottin"glii, 9 1 om Upper Mar ,borough, and
cminiyof 1Philidelphia, after repeated compara- 19 t'ron, th' Eam, rn Branch Bridge, cntaind
Stve experiments, nave un,!ed in opinion, in se ing 550 e,. Of this land, 100 acre, and it
vt rahlpuo lished declarations, that unm buiec of is betev, I u,.a.d, of that qu-::ti y is rich
SSthuyekil coal is equa. co three bushel'. o. aem ow and, 25 ,o zhich is cleated, end rea-
Liverpool, Scoch u or Virginra coal. It was ii dy to sow down, the residue may readdily be
cons,-q thence of hiit iunaeri.ous hands ro:g .,c het ,l1wn, be "g free f'tini under-wood. This
timnal, thiit a number of r,. v ,,. ;,1 ta'.e is iund ntly wooded arnd entered, and
lemen obtained a charter of incorp rati r is ghly ucep; of improvement by the
the purpose ofcr.-a ng on the rvera compete n ie of pir Iter. Persons wishing to purchase
slack water navigation from tie oi y to t se may a(ply to the subscriber, or to. Benjamin
coal mines; a company To;red, and 500,000 Mackarl, Esq. Geor,:etown, D. C. who' i au.
dollars, tie reqisit. ap al, ae ."bsc:-ibed, an(i tht.rized to seil, aind th, til may be viewed in
Avrie Cooley ad d L..ws Wernwag, ,'iv Ic. e my absence on,application at my hl :se.
neers of greaT reptat:on and expe i ne ',n sc l EDMUND KEY.
urged to .li' et li.i in erstn improve:.;-n Prn gs c :ttv, Md n7-
ne :.id f, lie fil wvil,by contrai : s with It. m,
be ovc ,me by lii: 1st ,Of Nove ,be ne,.tandl 50 DIollars Reward.
'lie whole route, i is ce. i-fidensly calculate, i .AN A' A -A 'e ubscr;be ngro
wisl baci mp!t. tIin two season s more. TiieU6, GHARIiS TIFY. l-lie is aV;,ut 50 yar,
strata of ma ia ', this b.dy o land in number, s Ae. 6 tet llte, u- stout satire, -i re-
Srrcieen.breoutto ay, andsare rio laid Waret., f isa-kabv :aek. -ke, has li, ar one of ht: t.es
iew by the road, and tt.r mis whi' Ih cross vhih w:s c,. off by the troke of' an axe, bi t
them, s.retmng in sirait par lie. unbroken w ch roe.or tfi 'ich foo, is noit re-,mer, er-
tines t roulout a t euo- e .thats kwo hi;i, y:Iiriwhy, ie c.h.es
tracis,e wth a dp i.f atbo .t 40 dogriee', indefi-n ;. to ets Alsii trsiy. fe ivwo- when he.'. nt
n:r inepth. sr,t tla' 1as been t;p ned .viuy t, 4 .. ,in ;i. r ofcfrm n coa:':re
measures n hickne e, near fourteen :et, a try oinle tr.i., b ped since. p .i e incoe have
cons:erably ,reai:er than any in thr ,e ghbor.- is ten hi 2t oer o i!ig, hichi e.. 'bier
nood oi tile lock ilvigation, which are gI ner ..Y no. ir' c,'laiizu. w wil give he Iho" re-
mh frin five to sit W unii eig t fet. T'eiT isiand -d d h e ; en e frotn hio'. r-.30
embraces indeed th-, hear, of "he Loa r .nge d 'lot-s finale: .e ui D;,. rc of u': end
cntiguotis to the bshuvlkdl, and from ie. ar, u ti ee n arid. r ao
k own and pentw a y svoub e ro e.ties of- e' te o TlC h .... ..UN.
its oa, in quantity absolutely ihex a-tlii-le, V
b,,th ofwhbith are fuly warranipd, this pupe Co mmitted m y18 0I --' and p,
iy has become anio jecte to c ep;,alms t te- o f t-
terprize ofh-.gh in crest, especially Whien it is O rre 1.', '.r, negro woi-
conside ed tiat 'woud is every wheS disappear tani and to hi'dren. T th' v.om call
ing on the sea boards anin that 'his i the o li:ersiel Annw : i fr i-/ ie i irei snrd
point were the great coal ranges of our caor ,lm- fre Thc reigb.ho, d DfN :nr' rin
tinent.are or can be aid opn, by improved rice Georyge's coty, u 'pwrd l f
adequatee and cheap water co munication :o yea sg t h y w h's e '- asf /
,he Atl'n e cities,except itmay be -he coal a ir-e person eve-r since. She the fce'.'o
of Virgini, i; which, however, as a domestic inches high, o a very dark comrlpiexiou,n ap-
f,:el, and even for most purposes in the ,arts, is pears to be abosu 28 years old., had on when
i.nown to bedecidedly inferior. In New York, committed, an.ozooabugh sift, an Ad witite
where coal is in universeluse, this Scuytkill cotton petticoAt, and a red callico 'r-ck. Her
coal has been fully tested, and is pronounced oldest child is a boy, who is called Thomas, of
suiperior to the best nglish t.oal, and there ist dark complexion, and. app, ars to be shoor o
n. longer any doubt that,as soon as the naviga- years old; the other is a girl, who is called
tion of the Sdylk ill is accomplished, the co.l Ann, also of ada k complexion, oind appears to
f its head waters will become the generalAt bea ut3years old. Theowner is desired to
an:iic fuel. g come and take them away, otherwise they will
This land abounds also in iron ore, of-the beold as t elaw dir ts for their prison ifes,
og species, whose tried properties admirably uly 23-2m O '.k.rles conty.
Lpt itnor ti il w w are and castings.e yt fi2 C -eout
Two or thf ee saw mills have recently been
erected, and it has numerous other sites Csur-2 0 Dollars Reward.
oun ,id ,y.vast bodies of a excellent sawing 1 AN AWA'Y Itrora their fr; of Mrs. G.ntt,
i.mber, whi-t and yellow pine, whie oak L p eOP ti Prtnce Georges oournt., aid, Cive
ar, de. As. lfarmirn od, ithasi l e s cori par ative t iles ,below Bladentburg, onit a thi-10t Jdiy last,
oimp ortance, i principals ead ove sitin a negro b eoy c named JIg abou 20 'ers ld,
tasils andforestsbThevaiei,thowever, o u ie ab 8 inches hiag, w eel. made o 8imcst a
u.ss exiensi e and rih p meadow grounosr it yellow comp letiun thick lips, fA Teyes, on
mb;acei strong rapid said contain rns and best re lumps f a

pass through it, and three other strearns target cer otahi n ty c
noughf r",. d ,r ," N lort, ot tn e h ountenan C c l and actin'e. It is p- -ibtble he is
l e i oreein tile nseighisonhood ofL'pper Mwriboro.gl, as
has one carp.~i-th,r a tlurrise, t ore stinf- a slt i y o As toi when he lived
S:.D ri.- ,'., ere-.tin a a large scale.. i ..t...... ... int ...o ...
i r,~. i,~ tii, ~.,,,:d, Li,,tvipling a. removal ingto,; where he h,,s some relation:. I will
:, h ,r w't d.pa..e of an on give the above reward fbr securing seid boy in
ied Iicanity,nr th and nay jail so lat I e him again, and all reason-
iided ety, or two-thirds of this land for o able charges if broug:o itm uue.
ertaii proportion in cash or approved bonds, l'ENJArHN GANTT.
he rearnue in real property in Virginia, ia Prince Georges coun y, s,: 10 -eolit
it.iving situationis.
For further information, reference may be
ad o David Eagiids, Esq Gvorgetown, D C.; 10 6 )OLLARS RE WARD.
ames W,'d Laud CGadallaler Euviis, jr. Es DAN AWV-y t,'omm-the su'bs-:aihe:, lyingain
itures, Philadelphia, general Jacob Morton and ,i Tena),y t-:wn, ne-itr Ge';rngetown. ;I) C. on
adw. ). Colden, Esq. New York, or to tire thc "13"h J'ly lst,,or appreniice to he black-
aiscir-bih, if'a, ilication be made within three sbith buciness,named Le,mard Hvward. He
ontis, a\Orwigsburgh,.the-seat ofjjustice of is about 18 ye-ars of age, 5 feet 7 or 8 inches
ehoylkill county, Penn. ,. high, black eyes, swarthy c',m-.'xi.,n, and
CHARLES SNOWDEN. brown hair, He took with him ablue surtout
sep 15-2t&eow4--' coat, fur fat, and other clothing not necessary
eion. It

orphans' Court,Prince Georges County.
September 9, 1818.
II)DERED by the court, th .. Richard Snow-
den, Executor of Basil M'New, .ive the
otic.e required by law to the deceased's ere
tors to, exhibit heir claims, and that he same
e published for six succeeding weeks in th-l
atinal latelligencer.

This is to give Notice,
SIAT the subscriber hath obtained from the
Orphans' Court of Prince Georges county,
,Maryland, letters of administration on thel
rsonal estate of Basil M'New, of said county,
All persons having claims against the said
ceased, are hereby warned to exhibit them
th the vouchers thereof, to the subscr;
r, on or before the twentieth day of April
xt, they may otherwise by law be excluded
om all benefitof the said estate. And all pe'--
is indebted to said deceased to make im-
-diate payment to me. (iven under my hand
a 14 h day I f Sepke'.ber,1818.
the last will and testament oi Basil M'New.
sep 15-w6w

'phans' Court of Prince Georges coun
ty/ September 9, 1818.
RDEiRD )y hii cour., that ,he rzpor.
miide by R-chard no.vaen, as irus.ce
he sale f the real "s a e of whic'I Ga
el G Vi. Horn d ed pos'ecsed,hb a..d h.
ne is hereby r.uatfi,.d an.. cunfirmind ua-
s cause to -lie con rary be siewu on or
ore lie second "'tucsa.ay in October nex :
v'ided a copy of his ord r be ins., ed
,e a week for s x w-eks b -fore .lie s:i.
:nd Tuesday in October nex I'ae re-
t sLates, toha. '.ie s.,d real estate sa-.l:.
the sum of six hundr d and sixcy s;x
airs. Test.
ep 15-w ,'.

This is to give Notice,
T HAT tine stubscrib hai bit;. .ed from
th-l orphans' court ioM g, ,g e"y" nty,
,aia.-yland, letters of a.- ir' "a i r' o he :)er-
sonal es-ate of John O'Nei:e, late of sid co:'-i
ty, deceased.
All persons h'.ving claims against the saud
deceased are hereby sa.-ned to exhibit the s wte,,
with the voucher thereof, on or bef ,-e tih;
2d day of April nex, ; as ',ey msy.otherwise
by law be excluded from all ben-fti of said
estate. All those indented are requested to
make immediate paymNent
sep 7-w4w

to mention. It is supposed he is in the npier
part of Montgomery county All persons are
hereby warned from harboring or employing
the said apprentice al their peril. The above
reward will be paid Tr' any person who will
deliver the :ait apprentice to me, or ; him in jail, no that I get him a,-ain 1l per-
soni are herenbyforwarned against trusting him
on my account.
Uf. B. He has taken with hiii his indentures,
snd it is probable he may endeavor to pass for
a free man. I will sell- his time.
sep 11-wSw

Land for Sale.
I WILL sell l:h. land whereon I live, situat-
ed on Ht-rri,.g Bay, in Anne Arundel coua-
tv, about 20 mre, f rn the city of Ann a,,lis,
ilnd about 50 irji," ir.im Baltimore; itc. ', :is
between 900 ::nd 1000 acre,!, is considered, oy
juJge, .to be interior to no land in the county
for the cultivation ot tobacco, and is acted upon
byplaisteeand is ctpabl. of great improverinent;
byclovera great proportion of the land is cover-
ed with ,,,od timber, xnd may tbe easi;v; cerri.
ed to mat ket, having ie adivaniag c of fine h,.nd-
ing places, being b.,;mnd-d by the water. Per-
sons inclined to ;pu chase, i is presnmr.ed will
view 'hr. premises, which -hey ire invited to
do, The Lernis wil beacr:t.n.dati'rg', on pay-
ment of part of the pu:chtiase i.money in 'h.nd.
For terms, apply tu Nic.-Itas, Brewer, who is
authorized to contract' fr h land.
July 15-eoif

A TRACT, f hl dinn t ci. c.'nty of Fairfax,
A e ween the L ;. river trirnpike road
a.1 th P;t; orn Li s:,irz t G- retown, coed
s.EL contailnp- fuo,'-i: 5 to 60), a,:reRs, started
in the r,;; ',.. i if' 'xaid,.I 'u irg-tovwn
and cit \ ,rt. n .,- l .I ( i- : good
ordetr,with sufficient i,.ld ,g. for hlie ,rp ses
ot a;'mi- we. -te:':d, iode.d ault a a, -ed
v. i .e". As i.;- pesu-ned thfiat per. :: I is-
pt--d 'n,, puc .use- wl v:i-w 'he premises, fur-
-her d scr ptir is unnecessary.
T'.:r of sle fl 'e :1, ai I wil'hbemaie knrwn
on a plic n to n A. ,"-d Btilirod G.
WVsh'i-s.tn, ner.- C'har-e:t vrn, J.'f'--.''. cun-
ty, V. or NOBL;,T iJHE'BERT'
Alxa n:':.,D. C. i. 20- -'-sw2m

'I..L be 1 -y o der if the Orplhan's
SC' ur, ofP inc ';eu gea co n y, v', on
i.' tay the 5th tda o Oc, her next, t th- late
ir- u'nce of John Dirscy, deceased, t., 'ie
resonal r,. -'r'Y of said deceased, c:'nsisiqirg
- n-j ,es, sheep rn.. cattle. Sal'- to take r.ce
a 10 'ciock, a. m. Tcrmii, si i mon hse "e'.it,
-lie parch-. surit EDWARD DA1SCY.
sep 12-w3w

We find, by the British papers, that a
bill has passed the Commons "1 for the
more effectuul discovery of the Longi
tude, and to encourage the attempts to
find a passage between the Atlantic and
Pacific oceans, and an approach to the
North Pole."
The objects of the bill are the consoli-
dation of the acts (22 in number) which
are in force on the subject; to provide
for the correction of mnaiy errors which
have occurred in nautical standard works,
and to add three scientific men (Dr.
Woollarton, Dr. Young, and Capt. Tay-
lor) to the Board of Longitude. Mr.
Crocker, of the Admiialty, who intro-
duced the bill, stated a number of facts on
the subject, which, we believe, are no'
generally known. He mentioned that the
first British act passed on it was in the
reign of Queen Ann, (say 1708-10) but
that, long before that time, Phillip II. of
Spain, (1598) offered a large reward for
the discovery of the longitude ; that the
Dutch made a similar offer; and a French-
man, named Meran, (about 1640) first hit
on the idea of finding the longitude by
means of lunar observations; but that this
was afterwards abandoned as impractica-
ble ;-that it was Sir Isaac Newton (born
in 1642 and died 1727) who, alive to the
subject, suggested the institution of the
Board of.Longitude to effect it ; that this
board made but little progress until the
destruction of Sir Cloudesley Shovel's
fleet owing to a misreckoning, which a.
wakened attention to the subject. and in,-
dtced parliament to offer a munificent re-
ward for the discovery of the longitude'.
By the law then enacted, provision was
made that the author of any mode, by
which, in a voyage from England to the
West Indies, the ship's longitude should
be kept within a degree, should receive a
reward of- 44,.400 dollars.. If it proceed-
ed in keeping the longitude within two
thirds of'a de,.ree, he was to receive
66 600 dollars ; but if the longitude could
possibly be kept within half a degree, or
30 minut-s, then the projector should re-
ceive 88,800 dollars; that, in 1745, an
ingenious mechanic, named Harrison, in-
vented a watch, which,.on the first trial,
fally met the provisions of both acts. In
a voyage to Berbice, it kept the longitude
of the ship within 30 geographical miles;
and he was fortunate enough to obtain
the reward of 24,0001. sterling (106,560
dollars); and that this was effected mere-
ly by a chronometer. Mr. C. then stated,
that there were but two ways of arriving
at a true knowledge of the longitude.
One was by a watchliset in the country
from which the ship departed, and after-
wards compared with the time in the
country to which she has proceeded ; the
a compai-son giving the distance in Lime,
which could a awards be reduced to
space. The second mode wvas by taking
observations of the moon, in relation to a
fixed star, which was the surest method.
The one waa a mechanical, the other a
scientific mode of arriving at the same
result. In 1760, Mr. C. observed, a Mr.
Meyer published tables so extremely use-
ful that Parliament bestowed on him a
gratuity of 3,0001. By means of those ta-
bles, the longitude was now found within
a fraction. In examining the log books
of the king's ships, he said, he found
very extraordinary degree of correctness.
The longitude, as found by a chronome-
ter, was discovered to vary very little from
the real longitude, if he might be allowerl
to use that popular expression, since, in-
deed there was no real longitude. Sup-
pose, for instance, he. added, the true lon-
gitude 'of St. Helena was 5 deg. 43 mrin.
30 sec. Capt. Martin carried it out 5 deg.
38 uiin. 36 sec.-capt. leywood 5 deg.
39 min.-and his majesty's ship Buce-..
phalus agreed exactly with the true time,
5-deg. 43 min. 30 sec. Using a poetical
So wide is art, so narrow human view,"
he might, he said, say, that the so long
despaired-of object of scientific resci.rth,
the longitude was now discovered. Ior
all practical .purposes it was discovered.
Still, he continued, mechanical instru-
ments were liable to decay ; and to im
prove the lnnar method was -till a great
subject for legislation. What had already
been done showed, the great utility of of-
fering rewards, The progress had been
principally owing to the exertions of
Great Britain and the suggestions of the
immortal Newton. It might be asked,
he said, if so much had been done, what
was the object of his bill ? He then pro-
ceeded to explain the object, declaring ihe
meant not the least disrespect to the pre-
sent Board of Longitude; but lamented
that it did not contain a single scientific
man nearer than the Univer.:ities. It
could not, he said, be considered as pre
sumption to agitate a subject not'discuss-
ed in Parliament for nearly one hundred
years. He then alluded to the numerous
errors which had crept into the Nautical
Almanac since the death of Dr. Maske-
lyne, who invented it in 1767.
In the work for the present year, he said
there were no less than eighteen errors
relating to the places of the sun and moon;
and in a second edition, not less than 40-
in fact, he'said, the Nautical Almanac"
was now a by-word among scientific men
He then pointed out some of the effects
of these errors, which, to exculpate the
literary men connected with the work,
and who had other and more important
avocations, he declared were mostly ty-
pographical; but that the proof-reader of
the Almanac was not recognized by the
acts, and, therefore, not legally known.

This made it necessary that a person
should be selected and paid by Parliament
to superintend theprinting of the work.

Mr. C. then adverted to the reward of understanding,: Therein the ahly ques
20,000/. which had been offered in the 'ion to be askeditnd solved is, Can I afford
reign of George II. for the discovery of a it ? No matt that the thing is cheap.
passOge between the Pacific and Atlantic No matter thathis is comfortable, ar-d
oceans which bad never been claimed; that is unfashiol able; no matter that such
.tnd respecting which, some further pro- a style of living is most respectful in the
visions were necessary. eye of the wor .. Before you purchase
Another object, he said, was the ap- the one or go ir o the other, ask yourself'
-iroach to the North Pole, which had en- the simple qudtion whether you can af-
gaged the attention of Parliament; and ford it, anrd-let he true answer.be the re-
one end of the bill he should offer, he said, gulator of your xpences; else your cir-
would be the removal of some inconsis- cumst.aices wii soon be ruined past,all
tencies ia the acts on the subject, which hope.
prevented any attempts by the whalers to With all 0.ihoe, in' short, whose utmost
approach to within the distance (10 de- means of livinti are small and scanty, re-
grees) contemplated by the law; and for solute abstinent from all extraordinary
which 10,0001. is offered. Then, allud- expense, rigid'frugality and even parsi-
ing to the addition of three scientific men muny, along wh well directed industry,
to the Board, residing iR or near London, so far from :,na'ks f meanness, are noble
he said, it was only proposed to give them virtues.
'he moderate remuneration of 100l. a year There a: e y t .,me o'her respects in
each, a sum deemed sufficiently ample which the .t... ,tiv to cut the coat ac-
by the President of the Royal Society ; cording to theslo.th is to be carefully
all the other members, he said, would be- heeded ; of thtlte I shall now only men-
stow their services gratuitously. tion one, nam'y, the effort, more espe-
cially in early iTe, to build up the fabric
NOTE BY T E CE.TIN IF,. of reputation .Oo high and magnificent
WVe are informed, in a well written article for its basis.;' .
in the Salem Register, tha t the third volume o' This is an e ror of no uncommon oc-
he Memoirs of the cademi ofrts and Sc- f forward part
ences, which will shortly be published in Cain- cdrrence. 1I, youth o forward parts
bridge, will contain a number of papers from and feeling is ,i haste to acquire fame,
the hon. Nathaniel Bowditch, L L. D. on ihe a- a-nd noclcct .n. ltuniitics of self-dis-
bove interesting scientific subject. One of them lay,. !l ,,, indiscretion in this re-
regards the Solar Tables, and the discovery of" ,'.0 c is sc-o.nd Iiy that of his friends,
an error by using the tables of the longitude spectwh si cn,...d by ethat of his friends,
of the sun, and not of the earth. Another, is who, by mea,4 ef extravagant encomiums
his practical navi.ator,and is strictly said to have on his parts a3d .genius. puff him into
one great advantage over all other methods of notice. Thus s he made to enter upon
approximation, in having all the corrections ad- the theatre of life, with a reputation im-
ditive, which, as this eminent mathematician possible for hii1 .to sustain. He is like a
observes, renders it peculiarly well adapted to disappoints, by
the.use of mariners. The aid which Dr. B. trader, who atact he and disappoints i, by
gave to the Coasting Pilot, and the corrections exhibiting to :he iew he whole of his
ie made in the Nautical Almanack, are well goods in the sihop window. His stores
remembered o; both sides of the Atlantic. The are all seen at once. They dazzle at first
tables of the celebrated French astronomer La- vieW, and .xp tctation stands a tip-toe.-
nlnde received a correction from the Doctor, unfoundedxpctation disaointment
which that great man personally acknowledged u s oundedf s, ond pin
with thanks. His Linar'Tables, byapproxima- succeeds oft uise, and he sinks as far
tions, have inclined the present French astron- beloi lhis ti rdlc%,.!, perhaps, as these ad-
omer, (Count Laplace) to fivor a method ac- verniiious ci u'ruin-ancei had raised him
cosmmodated to familiar use, which had not above it. B 'Jtr, far better, had. it been
heretofore been encouraged, but now appears for him, if s coathad been cut to his
to possess the greatest safety, combined withor him, i at beenut to hi
thile greatest ease. cloth. : .t
h One shot : beware of taking up on
".W credit a gre r amount, not only of mo-
THE BRIEF REMARKER, : ; ney but of r4 station, than one will be able
to make gooh In this last respect as well
From the Connecticut Courant. as the otheI it is'.a dangerous experi-
Cervantes, in his inimitable Don Qhix- ment for a ..oung man to pass himself
otte, finely ridicules the custom of lard. for more tha "he is worth.
ing conversation and writings with pro- On the contrary there is no less truth
verbs or old saying's, by his dealing them than beauty ih the following .lines of the
out whole dozens in a string, fronim the poet:
simple lips of Sancho. Moreover, the have learn'dto fear
polished Chesterliell is known to have The b'ossomi t ltis early, and its leaves
warned his son against this species of oo soon r sed to the mor chillingmodespring
But much'I h pe from the more modest bud,
vulgarism, as well as against all unfash- Thlat hides its ltead, and gathers secret strength,
ionable vice. But, notwithstanding those Scarce blown at.midsummer."
high authorities, there is a great deal of it Thomas.Moore.
pith in some old sayings; for, in fewest .
words, they convey the lessons of sound In Hans ~Egede's ccdount of Greenland,
experience. lately pubisf we find a description of
Of adages of this sortd.few have .a more a seaemosns ur' a regiment of the
.extensive, or a more useful meaniingl ape An ke enE tao- ii t
the one which here follows: Cut your to be accord. g to the most formidable
coat according to your cloth." description f him. After: speaking of
The. literal sense nobody can mistake, three sorts c sea animals mentioned in
and nobody's general practice is wide Tormoder's history of Greenland, he
from it. Bdt the metaphorical sense is. says, "but one of -them has been seen
daily contravened in the practice of no by us, or anjof our time, that ever I could
inconsiderable part of the sons and daugh- hear, save' hat most dreadful monster,
ters ufthe giddy race of Adam, and more that shewed-itself upon the surface of the
especially in the present age, and in this water in tilhyear 1734, off our new colo-
so highly favored country of ours. Nor ny, in 54-. i hi. monster was of so huge
is any single frailty abounding among us a size, that, coming out of the water, its
of more mischievous consequence, than head reache.tt so high as the mast head ;
the perverse effort to enlarge the coat its body .wa as bulky as the ship, and
beyond what the cloth will allow. 'T.hou- .three or foil' times as long. It had a long
sands, and many thousands, are-the hap- pointed'sno4t, and spouted like a whale
less victims of this prevailing folly.- fishl; :r~-at broad paws, and the body
Thousands, and many thousands, at this seemed co vred with a shell work; its,
very moment, are in poverty and straits, skin very rigged and uneven. The un-
piiing, and perhaps repining, who might der part of, its body. was shaped like anl
have been at their ease, had they always enormous .auge serpent, and when it div.
minded to cut the coat according to the ed again uoder water, it plunged back-
measure of their cloth. And though wards irito itile sLa, and so raised its tail
what is past admits of no remedy, yet it aloft, whicp seemed a whole ship's length
may be made to have a salutary bearing from the bulkiest part of the body."
on things to come ; since hardly any Hans E-4ede, above'mentioned, was a
thing has a more direct tendency to make Danish missionary at Greenland, resident
us prudent, than the imprudence of which there fromi-the year 1721 to 1736. His
we sorely feel the smart. biographer says, 1' his conduct as a mis-
Be it so! And thep, -a great many, sionary degi':rves the highest praise." Af-
even, of those who are now grieving that ter his return to Denmark he compos-
their all of earthly substance is lost, will ed a grammar and a dictionary in the
yet, by God's blessing, restore themselves language 1f Greenland; into which he
to a competence, and smile in the sun- translated1 the New Testament, for the
shine of contentment, use of the; mission and the benefit of the
It has been remarked by a writer ofoth- uatives."-[A.. Y. Daily .ddv.
er times, that kte who is ignorant of the ,
art of arithmetic:is but half a man."- TO FOREIGNEIS.
Meaning, that he who goes on with his Aliens [ire informed, that such as have
affairs at random, or without calculation, arrived i the United States sinch April
must need conduct them ill, whatever be 14, 180,nmust report themselves to tie
his natural talents or capacity. Clerk ofhome Court of Record, and wait
We are told of a noble Venetian, who five years before they can be naturalized,
ordered his steward to deal out no more even though they may have declared their
money to his extravagant son than what intention to become citizens some time
he should count when he received it, that since
the prodigal youngster, having been used Those who have not made their decla.
to nothing but the pursuit of his plea- ration, must do that also three years be-
sures, was led, by the labor of counting fore they can be naturalized. By the law
his money, to reflect upon the libor it of Congress, the certificate of report and
cost his flther to get it, and thence was registry musl be produced to the Court as
induced to retrench his expenses, and al- an evidence of the time of arrival min the
ter his manner of fife. United States, at the time of application
In like manner only a little attention to to be nAturalized; and by a law, passed
arithmetic, as respects apportioning the 3 arch 22, 1816, said certificate of report
size of the coat to the measure of the and registry mustbe recited at full length
cloth, minught save from ruin many a good- in the certificate of naturalization: other-
ly young man, and many an estimable fa- wise such certificate will be of no validity.
mily of the present generation.
It is seldom seen, (observed.the great BL'rtMoitE, SEP. 10.
Locke) tha tle who keeps an account of. On Thursday about 11 o'clock, in the
his income and expenses, and thereby prison .yard in this city, the awful sen-
itas constantly under view the course sf tence' ol the law was executed on John
his domestic alflsrs, lets them run to ru- Alexander and Joseph Thompson Hare,
in. And it is not to be -doubted but.ma- convicted of robbing the mail of the Unit-
ny a man gets behind hand before he is ed States. A vast concourse of specta-
aware, for want of th's care, or the skill to t.rs attended on this melancholy occasion,

,o lte "o to witness the fatal consequence of dis-
The arithmetic that is here recom- ,b.dien'ce to the laws. A solemn lesson,
mended is by no means compete' or puz- which, it is to be hoped, wili not fail to
zling, but it is plain and level to aver, ,nake a due impression.-L[Gaz=.

Wood Land for Sale..
r uHE subscriber offers for sale, from ten to
.1 twenty hve acres of land, all in original
rowth ;f oak and hickory, in Fairfax county,
.mmediatelv on the Leesburg turnpike, road,
bout three miles from the Little Falls bridge.
S-ad adjoining the land of Richard B. Lee, Esq.
Persons disposed to purchase will please apple!
o Dr. M. Ball, near the premises, or to the
subscriber, by letter, addressed to him in this
sep 14-tf

W ILL be offered at public auction at West-
smoreland.court house, on Tuesday th
29th of September, 600 acres of valuable wood-
fand, lying in said county, about six miles be-
1 sw Nomony ferry, on the mrain road leading to
Kinsale, Northumberla.d court house, &c. and
is contiguous to the navigable waters of Me-
,hladoc and Yeocomica creeks. At least three-
fourths of this land is in wood, upwards of 100
acres in original growth of oak and hickory
limber, the balance -well set with pine and ce-
dar, all of which is rendered more valuable by
its central situation, being convenient to all
the markets on the waters of the Chesapeake,
and particularly to those of the District of Co-
lumbia. This land is well watered, the situa-
tion healthy, and in an agreeable neighborhood.
For further information enquire of John Mur-
phy, senior, near the premises, or to the sub-
scriber in this city,
N. B. Terms made known on the day of sale.
aug P7- 25th

By authority of Congress.

Grand National Lottery,
For building two LANCASTRIANx SCHOOL
SHousss, a PENITENTIARY, and a CI-
TY HALL, in the City of Washington.


prize of



2138 prizes.
3862 blanks.'

6000 tickets at 925 each, is ;150,000, not
.ear two blanks to a prize.
The drawing will positively commence on
Tuesday the 24th of November next. .
When it is considered,, that the fund arising
from this lottery is to be applied to (he erec-
tion of Lancastrian school houses for the educa-
tion of the poor, a Penitentiary which, whiie it
meliorates the situation of convicts, ,heir pun-
ishment is made to answer useful public pur
poses, and a City Hall, to beautify the Metro.
:olis of the nation, it is confidently believed,
,hat the public generally, and the citizens of
the District of Columbia in particular, will
come forward and patronize' thia brilliant
.-cheme, which, in addition to the gratification
necessarily derived from affording aid t6 such
'benevolent objects, holds out to the adventurer
an opportunity of making a handsome fortune
with a very small sum.
._;Pe t e ofjtickets 225, hut will rise to
,F27 on Tuesday OT-ber rn
In the greatest variety of numbers, to be had of
.gentfor the lganalgers,
near the Theatre, Pennsylvania avenue.
Notes, payable after the drawing is complet-
ed, received in payment for tickets.
Orders from any pact of the'United States,
enclosing the cash (post paid) will meet w:th
punctual attention, by G. D.
aug 14-

A Valuable parcel of lnd, containing about
200 acres; seventy or eighty of which are
cleared and of good quality, the residue in
wood. This property is situated about two
Smiles on the south side of the Eastern Branch
bridge; within hbalt a mile of the scat of The-
was Law, Esq. and on the same heights. Per-.
sons disposed to purchase, can view it and
know the terms by applying to Mr. Notley
Maddox, who resides near the place.
sep 2-ebtf JOHN ADDISON.

VIHE Trustees of this institution feel parti-
cular pleamur3 in saving to the pub!ic,that,
after the present vscatioi, which will end cn
the 31st inst. it will open under the care of the
Rev. Dr. Elliott, who has lately been appointed
the Principal. From the high and long estab-
lished reputation of Dr. Elliott as an erudite and
accomplished scholar, and an able instructor ;
from the abundant and satisfactory proofs af-
forded by the Rev. Mr Davidson and Mr. Mar-
k!e, of'the progress of the pupils in their res-
pective departments, of their qualifications, ad-
ded to the very eligible situation of the instiou-
tion for health, and the cheapness of tuition and
board, the Trustees are encouraged to expect a
considerable increase of students from abroad.
Parents and guardians who may send their chil-
dren or wards to this seminary, may confident-
ly expect that every attention will be paid to
their improvement in knowledge, morals and
manners. The institution is at this time in a
very flourishrnog situation, having at the close of
the last quarter 124 pupils.
By order of the Board,
JOHN McPHEItSON, President.
FnuEDEICK A. SCenaE, Secretary.
aug 21-w4t

T, HE house at present occupied by J. L. Ed-
AL warden, on G. street, near the War Office.
Possession will b'k given on the first of October
-apply to the occupant.
sept 14-tf

STRAYEl) or stolen from the commons in
Wasnington city, on the night of the 30th
ot August 6lst, a durs bay HOltWE, 14 and iso
halfhanus high, one white hind foot, a s'ar on
sis forehead, and a long switch tail; his gaites
are rough ; hlie is a tine wa.igon, plough, or gig
norse. It taken in the Diatrict, and left at Mr.
Uasil Waring's, opposite thle seven buildings,
I wil give 15 dollars, and 2') if taken in Prince
Georges, and left with the subscriber in Ann
Arunid'i county, living near the Governor's
Brid-ee; and, if taken in any other county, I
,vil puy 25 dollars ftbr the horse alone, cr O50
,loliars tior the horse and thief, so that the rat-
.r may be brought to jusitce.
sept 14-eotf

Very Valuable Properly for Sale,
' Which is i, orth the attention of any
gentleman ofJ capital."
WILL sell the tract of land in the county
Sot Hanover, whereon my late father lived,
known by the name of Fairfield. It contains
at present about 1000 acres, a portion of which
is line Chickahominy low grounds, most hea-
vily fimbered with pine, white oak andash,as
i; also a part of the high land. From an ex-
periment that has been recently made, it ap-
pears to be well calculated for the u.enof the
plaister. The low grounds are capable of
making first rate meadows. There is no tract
of land in that part of the country, or as near
Richmon.-t, which, 1 have ever seen, that has as
,'-nuch fine timber otf it. It is within eight
miles of the city of Richmond, and. if a turn-
pike is effected, as now contemplated, it is ge-
nerally supposed it will lessen the distance two
or three miles; This place is remarkably
healthy, and I believe I am correct when I say,
there is no spot more so below the moun trains ;
for there have been as many cases of longevity
there, and immediately in that neighborhood,
as in any part of this state. The last posses-
sor of Fairfield, as well as several persons a few
miles only from it, have lived to be upwardst
of 80 years of age, and there is one ina-nce"
where the advanced age of 120 years, was at-
t.ined. .The advantages attached to this tract
of land, not generally to be met with, are many
such as good orchards, containing great 'vari-
e'y of the most choice fruits, not only suflici-
ent to supply, the wants of a private family, but
to yield a handsome in-ome by sending the *isr-
pilts to the Richmond market; also, a single
story dwelling house, with five roorns iand two
passages on a floor, with every other necessary
out house for the accommodation of a la ge ,a
mily, all in good order. It is contiguous k, the
lands of .Mr. James Govrn, Col. Trueheteart and
Capt. Win. W;:ii'e.
I wi6all so sell my MERCHANT MILL, with
50 acres of land attached to it; now in com-
plete srder, as it has lately undergone a tho-
rough repair.
I will dispose of the aboveproperty altogether
or divide it, as may be most agreeabel to pur-
chasers; but I think it would be mroost ai'vise-
able to any person that can purchase, to take
the whole establishment as., it stands, to such
a purchaser every s -ommodation will be giv-
entfor seeding a crop this fail. My reason for
wishing io sell is, that I have rr., de a purch'ise
on a diffrr'cnt part of the country, where I in-.
:end removing. I will give an extehsiva cre-
dit on the great es- part of the pu chase money,
(the paym sion on the let of January next.
The land will be shown by my son, Miles
Macrn. For further particulars, enquire of
Mr. Thomas Taylor, of Richmond, or myself.
W. H. MA(UN,
iuly 23-Awm New Kent county, Virginia.
Blakeley, in Alabama.
THE subscribers will sell at public auction,
eon the 20th day oi November next, at the
Alabama hotel, kept by col. C. 0. Foster, in said
tllakely, the one equal half of each of fifty town
lots, belonging to themselves. Also, to close
the concerns of the Blakeley company, all the
undivided property belonging to said company,
viz: the said Alabama Hotel, a well construct-
ed house, built o'f:wood, in the best mar.rer,
with piazzas in front and rear, and nufficiently
spacious to accommodate one hundred per-
sons; beautifully situated, adjoining the public
squares, on the second high plain., Also, the
fourth store from the corner, occupied by us,
in the block built by the said company,fronting
the water,occupiedby Messrs.Nicholson &Wil-
s,,srs.Also,the whole or part of many other lots,
situated for stores and dwellings-for all which
-- "- ".-.. '.--.,.-j to i,.ni.hed This
town being entirely new. and, having gro Wn up
with unprecedented rapidity, it seems neces- -
sery to tate, it is situated 6 miles from the
bay, on the east bank of the Tensa, which is the
longest and he straig' test river leading from
the combined waters of the Alabama and Tom-
bh-bee-it is 6 miles nearer the bay by the
hannel for large vessels, and 10 miles hearer
the up-country by the channels for boats, than
the old town of Mobile; a strip of marsh, about
200 feet wide, skirting the first high bank, be-
yng covered with gravel two feet thick, forms
a complete wharf to 18 feet water; soth!.t all
the deposits pass to and from the stores with.-
out the expense of cartage or wharfage.
The town plat is on two p!ains,ascendng- from
the river halfa mile -o 100 feet elevation- two
miles back it is 300 feet. Out of the second
plain issue 20 copious springs, of as pure water
as any highlands produce. We need only add,
that within nine months, between 70 and 100
stores and houses have been erected. A ship
yard is established fbr building steam boats for
the Mississippi and Alabama rivers. Forty
eight vessels have arrived from Atlantic ports
and New Orleans, and more than $600,000
worth of goods and cotton have been deposited
-finally, this town combines every advantage
to render it the great depot for the extensive
and fertile upper country.
Blakeley, July 20- [sep 3-wtN
GLunston for Bale.
T1HIS elegant estate is situated on the Poto-
mc,16 miles below Alexandria; it is bound-
ed on three sides by the Potomac and 'lohick
creek, and contains nearly 3000 acres of land,
level and fertile, to which are attached six shad
and herring fisheries, two of which command
the river channel. This land will be laid off
in four tracts, so as to have one or more fishe-
ries to each ; these tracts will be again divided
if requisite. This estate is level and beauti-
fully situated, very fertile, and remarkably
healthy. Plaister acts with ani effect equal to
that of any part of Virginia or Pennsylvania.
I have used 500 bushels in twelve months, and
such is its beneficial operation, that, were I to
keep this land, I should considerably increase
the quantity. A manufaclturing mill is distant
about two miles, on a stream navigable for ves-
s ls carrying 1200 bushels of wheat, where the
Baltimore and D)istrict of Columbia prices are
given f.r grain; being bounded on three sides
by wster, a small extent only of fence is necer-
sa-y to enclose thle whole ; it would be admirs-
hly asdapte.! fir graz'ng.
The impr- momentss are, a large alnd very
substa:.tial crick mansion, 40 by 70 fee*, with
every necessary out-housea lior negroes, and
fih houses to eachliof the fi-heries. 120,000
bricks and 1000 bushels of lime are just hurn"
on the premises. There is a considerable ex-
tent of line fence, brh irusefit and crnamesntal;
two orchards of weil -elected oppiles andt peach,
besides an abundance of other choice fruits.'
More than 150 scores are in clover, 200 in corn,
and land is in prfpsration for sowing 250 bush.
els of snill grain. Any q'.sntiy of hay can he
cut from thie ow grounds, some ofwh;ch, (a-d
all might) have been reclaimed at a tritrling
expence. The river and creeks abound with
wild fow', par',ictslsrly ranvas-backs, the wood.
with deer aind a variety of other game. Mues,
cattle, highly improved sheep, arming utensils
and house- hold furniture can be had. The

terms of sale willbe accommodating,. Proner-
ty in any of the cities, negroes, bank s,.ck,'
western lands, or lands near the Riige wi,; be
taken in payment. Letters m'nst be .t'1re.ee'l
'to ie, at Pohickc-urch, F.it'ax county, V .
sep .;-w2m GE')i.3:- M:AeUX.