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National intelligencer
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00014
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: July 11, 1818
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00014
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text
















VOL. XIX.


WASHLNGTON; S'ITUli)XUY, JUL.Y'il, 1818


FRIDAY JULY to, ISiS.


The Chevalier DE ON is, the Minis-
ter of Spain, arrived inii this city from the
northward a day or two ago.

The Directors of the Bank of the U.ni-
ted States, on Monday last, declared a di-
vidend of three and a half per cent. for
the last half year, payable on or after
the 16th instant.

On the afternoon of Wednesday, about
five o'clock, another explosion took place
at the BladensDurg Powder Mills, owned
by Mr. Buasard, of Georgetown. Five
of the men were killed, and one other
-dangerously wounded.

The Legislature of New-Hampshire
adjourned on Tuesday the 30th ult.
The committee appointed to consider
that part of the Governor's message
which relates to the propositions ofJeru-
my Bentham, Esq. reported, that the fur-
thersconsideration of that subject be de-
ferred to the next session of the Legisla-
ture ; and that the books and papers ac-
companying the same be placed in the
office oaf the S. secretary of State.
A resolve passed instructing the mem-
bers of Congress of that state to obtain an
amendment to the constitution, respect-
ing the choice of Electors of President
and Vice-President and Representatives
in Congress, to provide that they shall be
chosen in districts, instead of a general
ticket, and
Another resolve, that it is inexpedient
to amend the constitution of the United
Stattdas ptqppsed by the state of Ken-
tucky, to wit, '' tat no law varying the
compensation of the members of Con-
gress, shall take effect until the term for
which the memb rs of the House of Re-
presentatives of that Congress by which
the law was passed, shall have expired."


OF PEN6ACOLA.

We have now received, through the
medium of a New-Orleans Gazette, a
secc,nd General Order of the General
commanding the Southeirn Division, an,
bouncing to the People of Pensacola, and
to the World, (as the first Order had an-
' -"' -- .=a. -=- ja
the reasons for the occupatgn. ot-ensa
cola, and the arran.~e fnlits'cihnsquc rtl)
made. We place it before our readers,
as we shall continue to do every docu-
ment or information which may reach us
having a tendency to shed light upon
the subject.

Head Quarters, Division of the South,
PENSACOLA, xMAT 29, 1818.
Major General Andrew Jackson has
found it necessary to take possession of
Pensacola. He has not been prompted
to this measure from a wish to extend the
territorial limits of the United Siates, or
from any unfriendly feeling on the part
of the American Republic to the Spanish
government. The Seminole Indians, in-
habiting the territories of Spain, have, for
more than two years past, visited our
frontier settlers with all the horrors of sav-
age massacre-helpless women have
been butchered and the cradles stained
.with the blood of innocence. These a-
trocities, it was expected, would have ear-
ly attracted the attention of the Spanish
government, and, faithful to existing trea-
ties, that speedy measures would have
been adopted for their suppression.
The obligation to restrain them was
acknowledged; but weakness was al-
lodged with a confession, that so far from
being able to control, the Spanish autho-
rities were often compelled from policy
or necessity to issue munitions of war to
these savages, thus enabling, if not excit-
ing them to raise the tomahawk against
us. The immutable laws of self defence,
therefore, compelled the American go-
vernment to take possession of such parts
*of the Floridas in which the Spanish au-
thority could not be maintained. Pensa-
colawas found in this situation, and will
be held until Spain can furnish military
strength sufficient to enforce existingtr:a-
ties. Spanish subjects will be respected;
Spanish laws will govern in all cases af-
fecting property and person: a free tole-
ration to all religions is guaranteed, and
trade alike free to adlnations.
Col. KING will assume the command
of Pensacola, as military and civil gover-
nor.
T'he Spanish laws, so far as they affect
personal rights and property, will be en-
forced. Col. King will take. possession
of the archives of the province, and ap-
.point some confidential individual to pre-
serve them. It is all important that the
records of titles and property should be
carefully secured. He will cause an en
quiry'to be made into all the landed pro-
perty belonging to the King of Spain,and
have possession taken of it. The claims


of property within the range of gun shot
of fort Carlos de Barancas will be scrupu-
lously examined into, and should they
prove valid, a rent allowed, but possession
int no wise given. This property is ne-
cessary to the United States. and under
its laws may be held, an equivalent being
paid.
The revenue laws of the United States
will be established, and Capt. Gadsden is
appointed to act as collector, with full
powers to nominate such sub-officers as
in his opinion will be necessary to the
faithful discharge of the trust reposed in
him. He will apply to the Governor of
Pensacola for military aid in all cases
where it may be necessary to correct at-
tempts at illicit trade.
ANDREW JACKSON, Maj. Gen.
Commanding.

NEW-YORK, JULY 7.
To-morrow, the remains of General
RICHARD MONTGOMERY, which have
been brought from Quebec for the pur-
pose, will be deposited (with suitable mi.
litary honors)near the monument erected
to his memory in St. Paul's Church.
Proper arrangements have been made
for this interesting g ceremony, and we are
assured, that nothing will be lacking that
can tend to honor the memory of a hero,
who fell gloriously fighting for that in,
dependence which we celebrated on Sa-
turday.

NEW-ORLEANS, JUNE 8.
Arrived here on Saturday night, the
new Steam-Boat Ohio, captain H. M.
Shreves, from the Falls of the Ohio.
This fine vessel is 450 tons burthen, and
constructed in such a manner as to carry
a much greater quantity of goods than
any other boat on the river. Her timbers
and bottom planks are so thick as to ren-
der it next to impossible that anj sawyer
should piece them ; and thus she hiay
defy most of those misfortunes which have
lately happened to smaller boats on the
river. Nor will these means of security
impede the velocity of her march ; we
are glad that the captain confidently ex
pects to make the passage up in less than
20 days.
Another new steam-boat called the
Napoleon, was left at New-Madrid, and
may be shortly expected. She belongs
to the same concern as the Ohio ; is
somewhat smaller, but calculated for
still greater speed, and has very elegant
and extensive accommodations for pas-
sengers.
Heaven prosper them! their owners
have shewn that their persevering spirit
4,< -'-- -.....nlcrurize cannot e ch.ak_

L'dioua monopoly. Captain Shmves has
proved himself a bold and successful
champion of free trade on the Great
Western waters.

Extract of alettertoagentleman.in C' ,' .',.
dated Belfast, (Ireland) May 10, 181 8.
"Unless you were an eye witness, you
could not possibly have an idea of the im-
mense number of people now daily emi-
grating from this country to the United
States ; in fact, vessels cannot be had thasi
enough When a vessel is once announc-
ced,her complement of pass. iget'rs is made
up immediately. But, from a question put
to Lord Castlereagh, a few days since, in
the House of Commoiklit appears '.o be
the determination of the British govern-
ment to put a stop to this emigration, if
possible. This will be rather, I appre-
hend, a difficult matter, and if attempted,
an arbitrary step on the part of our go-
vernment."

NoRTIAMPTON, (MASS.) JUNE 30.
Swarms of LOCUSTS have recently appeared
in this part of the'country, extending upon
the right bank of Connecticat river twenty or
thirty miles south of this town. It is impossi.
ble to measure the extent of the injury they
are doing to the timber. Many trees are now
apparently dead. The female locusts are arm-
ed with a st.ng of nearly the third of an inch
in length, and of tlhe stifliness and point of a
wire sharpened.' They attach themselves to
the under side of tie small limbs, and cnm-
mence the process of stinging. Their pro-
gress is to the extremity of thie limb, which is
as disutently marked as it could be by oblique-
ly ".icr',r ... the limb with an awl, and so rai-
sing the awl at each puncture as to crack the
bark in a regularly continued, and, unless im-
peded by some obstruction, in nearly a right
line. There are about three incisions to an
inc;, eachi.penetrating to the heart of the limb,
which is filled with small worms or egg., of the
color and appearance of very small kernels of
rIce, but distinctly visible to the naked eye.
\ e are not able to state further particulars in
relation to these runious insects, nor when nor
where they first appeared, nor precisely how
far they have extended themselves-bst their
progress, so far as we have seen, is marked as
the progress of fire.-Those who are curious to
east side ot the southern extremity of Mount
Tom.


NOTICE.
''1O give the citizens ot the District an oppor-
t unity of seeing that elegant fortification,
Fort Washington, which has now become a sub-
ject of curiosi)y, thie Union will proceed there'
every Stnday for a few weeks, taking passen
gers on board at the brtige at 9 o'clock-alia
with a view to the greater gratification cf tae
public, the passage from Georgetown and t.
city will be reduced to 50 cents,and from Alex-
and,'ia 2. cents.
A cold cut will be provided on board.
july 3-wim


AN ODE, -
Composed for the occasion, and *;. a'.!
the late celebration of the .\nts .'.-,
Anniversary, at Petersburg, Vi.

When Brennus led down his fierce conquer, i-~ .h: .,..r
Ont the panic-struck legions of half ....,u-..ii l
Romne;
ecr fathers august sat till death at their posts,
And their fame shall resound through all .
cnome. [
But America claims more illustrious names. 4
For she by her Sev'nty-six Senate proclaim
Our proud independence, which ever shall '.,
A pillarof fire guidingman tobe free.

How then flash'd a light from the eyes .-.f ile h...e
As down from their wood-cover'd til: th: Jr'-
To meet the invaders, who poured from the a. ,*,
Whose hopes on our fears and their braverij de-
pended !
But Washington stood on the brink of the flood,
Till tlie sansids of our country drank deep of their
blood:
Then hail Independence, thou ever shalt be
A pillar of fire guiding man to be free.
See, bright'ning from Mexico's mountains ofgold,
Thy beauty, thy splendor will soon be reflected ;
Thy high destination begins to unfobd,
So long by th' oppressed otall elimates neglected;
New freemen arise thy glory to prize,
And bear thee triumphant aloft to thll skies.
Then hail Independence, thou ever shalt be
A pillar of fire guiding man to be, free !
Let Europe her kings and her princes admire ;
Be ours Independence and Union to cherish; "
Be ours to keep bright, wh... it .-.Ii.. ih,:. i
Offreedom-or falling, tls.,-.,,' Il, pr'-0 p
Be union our song, we shall sutter no wrong
From the wiles of the wicked, nor arms of thie
strong.
Oh then, Independenee, thou ever shalt ie
The boast of Americans happy and free!
MARKIRIIED,
On Tuesday -.. ..i.L ast, by the Rev. Mr. Me
Cormick, Mr. \\ ",. H. PRE-TISS to iMiss SARAH
STOcKWELLr, all of this city.
On the 2d inst. at Bromout, by the Rev.Mr.Mann,
PHuimr A. L. CONTEE, Esq. of Virginia, Ct MisI
ANN R ussIr., eldest daughter of James Cltrklee,.
Esq. of Charles county, Md.
DIED,
Lately, at his seat in Rutitherford county; (Tenn.)
General THOMAS WAsaiaNGroN, aged 55 years. He
was a soldier in the war of die revolution, was a
brave, active anid skillful partizan, and in every
grade, from a private to a. brigadier, he knew his
duty, and dlid it. He was an affectionate husband,
a kind father, and obliging friend.--Clarion.
On Tuesday the 22d of June, departed this
life, at his seat in Charlotte county, Va PATO
CARRINGTON, Esq. in the eighty-sixth year of
his age.
This venerable and highly respectable gen-
tleman was perhaps the oldest of the few sur-
viving Patriots, who took an active part in the
Counsels of his Country, in her first struggles
for Liberty and independence. It is remem-
bered that he was a member of the House of
Burgesses as early as the year 1772, u.nd per-
haps at an earlier date ; and that he continued
to represent the County of Charlotte, both in
'the General Assembly and in the several Con-
ventions which the dissolution of the General
Assembly rendered neuessary,'until the period
when a Comitte, of Safety was established for
the protection outiue people oJ the Col.tny, from
tie ty rannical adininifration of their royal' Go-
vernor. Lord Dun...' -t t.i-le Cmnittee of
-... *t,. ,-7-, .--... e L i"ro' nd i .-a r rje- t 'n
I-...u ['a l r ~ m
ject of this article) were 1,.. u o i, .,aiiiustor-.
l'hey continuedtoadminis .r ,, .'..' .oa,,i
until the adoption of the const'ttmion otf'ie
Kate, iun Ma 17; 6. In O1touer, 1777, ie was'
chosen one'of the Judges of the Quneral Court,
then first est.blhs.ed, and, iuci.detal;y becamee
one of mle Judges of tue Court of Apptls, as
organized by the Act of May, 1779, whiph ex-
alted station he continued to fill, until tlie' con-
stitu'tion of the Court of appeals was chailged to
its present form,about ten years:ater-ot which
he was then cILs,, n a meinuer; he conttitod to
discharge the duties ot this important police,
until about eight years ago, when, apprelen.i-
ing that hi. health was in some degree injured
by the labor and confinement attachedto it, he
resigned, and retired to iis country seat, in
C.iartiotte county, t.hes he eenjoyed a'surpri-
sing degree of health, activity and cueerfulness,
notwithstanding his very advaiiced age, until a
few days before his death d the. illness of.which
he d ed, was not at ali alarming, until the last
two days. H-e met death, as might have been
j.-. '- t1. at ,, r life e'all spent, with he utmost
composure and calmness; a circumstance highly
consoling to his numerous descendants and
friends, who were struck with the deepest an
guish at the sudden approach of that awfule-'
vent. His character, and services to his conn-
try, entitle him to thei grateful remembrance,
and perfect respect of those who knew him,
either, in earlb life, or after he was advanced to
the exalted station winch he so long filled with
thle utmost fidelity to his country, ann honor to
himself. [Enquirer.
Cold-blooded nturdir. The backett's Harbor
Gazette of the 16th ultimo, mentions, 'that on
the preceding Saturday, Jasi's Haliy and t;-ala-
ki P. Varian, corporals in the ad regime, nt U.
States infakntiv, at Madisonm Barracks, agreed
to light each other with muskets. Inthte after-
noon, with their muskets loaded, and accom-
panied by two sergeants, John Loper and Fran-
cis Powley, they walked side by side, apparent-
ly in good humor, to the bank of tlhe lake ad
joing the barracks, then turned back to back,
marched five or six (.aces each, and at the word
'ready' wheeled, and Hany discharged his
piece, loaded with powder and ball; contt.ntsaof
w. which passed through the heart of Varian, who
fell and in.taintly expired. The three persons
implicated, adds the Gazette, were immediate-
ly arrested, and committed to Watertown gaol,
to await their trial at the court of Over and
Ternner, to be holden n the 29th ult.
A 01 ICE.
t'h iHE public are hereby informed that I have
fL. obtained from the Presiden. ot the U.
States Letters Patent for my new and useful
improvement, being
WOODEN (C) SPRINGS,
for all kinds of gigs and carriages, which pa-
tent is dated at t ashington, the 28th day of
Ap'i., A. D. 1818; the benefit of which 1 am
of course exclusively entitled to; therefore,
any invasion of my right, as patentee, will be
most seriously prosecuted. Any person or
persons wishing to purchase the above de-
scribed springs, can be supplied with the sam.
by the subscriber, at Middletown,or by Messrs.
Ri.h.lard 5t Israel lHumphries, Coach Makers,
Wilmington, Del.
,JAMES GREENWOOD
Delaware, may 23-june 1-2aw3m


PlliGc ale of valuable Negroes.
ILL, be exposed at public sale, on the
24th ins'. in the town of Leesbuig, Lou-
i. un county, Virginia, about forty valuable
.,ve, antonig which are some excellent house
i- carrti, blacksmiths, carp nters, an excellent
\hg.r.' bred cook, and coschmaii, as well as
' atI '..r. hands, women, g;irl and hos a, all oa
iv ti'.n .re likely and valuable.
As these so v n:s have tdll been brought up
4n c.ne family, it is desirable to. the owners to
,siltl 'I.,nr, to one master; they will, however,
I' -A-i tfamdiles,. or separately, as far as is
,pracirtc,ble, if this wish cannot be gratified.
Atl or krny ,.f themi may be purchased at prva' e
tEle, pr.,- ..us to the day of public sale, by ap-
i'.: i.,.t to William Brent, junior, Richland,
5sali id county, Va. orto
TENCH RINGGOLD,
july 10-2awts Washington city.
'The editors of the Baltimore Patriot, Re-
pub.c 'n Constellation, Winchester, Alexan-
dria Gazette, and Predericksburg Herald, will
please insert the above three times, and for-
war'1 their accounts to Tench Ringgold for
payment.


30 DOLLARS REWARD.
D EShRIt Dl) from he Marine Barracks,
city of Washington, on the 7th inst. private
THOMAS LEWIS born in England, about 23
iii .f age,five feet six inches high, has black
eyes, sandy hair, light completion, and by
trade a saddler.
Any person, either citizen or soldier, who
will delivr the above deserter at this command,
..-il reins.t ilthe above reward, will all reason-
.f- SAML. MILLIct, Maje.or
,' (.-L n.n, ingi
ife.,l qumr er sof Marines,
Washington, July 10-eo6t

NOTICE.
I AS commt-.i. to gaol in the city of
VN\\ .ir,,i '.. District of Columbia, a.;
a runaway, a dark manila to boy, who calls him-
self Dick Adner; he is about 19 years of age, 5
feet 4. inch-bs high, ot fine features, no per-
ceivab.e marks. Had on, when committed, a
black cloth coat, an old pair of nankeen pants-
loons, and an old shirt, very much patched.
Says he belongs tp Dr. Charles Stewart,ofWest
river, Ann Arundel county
The owner is hereby requested to release
said negro, otherwise he will be disposed of
agreeable to law.
ORMOND F BUTLER, jailor,
For Teach Ringgold, Marshal.
July 10-w3w

100 Dollars Rdward.
AN AWAY from the subscriber, on the
night of the 6th inst. negro HENRY WIL-
SON, about 24 or 25 years of age, 5 lei 8 or 9
inches high, oi a dark completion, thick lips,
stout and well made, sour countenance, very
white and sound teeth, when spoken to smiles
pleasantly, he is very sober, yet l.zy aid gener-
ally very sulky, has be n emp'oyed s a waiter
for some t.me past. He took with him a va-
riety of good clothes, consis.ing,of a good biu
and a black cloth coat, nearly new, a velve-
roundab lut and pantaloons, olive colored, a
pair of black silk pantaloons, pink striped j-an
roundabout a.nd pantaloons,six Merseilles vests,
some good linen shirts, cambric and colored
cravat, b.o ss and shoes, and sundry otier ar-
_tices of wearing apparel not recullected The
b,,- r w.ir, ,[I l be pu.i Ii tiken i, oili 0,
P *l'i.i. oL ,l .n X iet c (-) r
"&- uti l\ ( \\-sn _- .
lu.b.,a, arF in ll ]h i u ielble exp ncer l'T.- e '
in the B.lumore or W"utiarg ..n guol, vsAli be
paid by the subscriber.
WM. O'NEALE.
Washington, july 10-tf
The City,Gaiiette, and Baltimore Cor.mmer-
cialAdver'iser, w.ll insert the above six times,
and forward their accounts ta W O N.

Fifty dollars Reward.
A SCONDED from the subscriber. living in
Prince Georges county, Md. fier Piscaa-
away, a negro fe low named ROBERT, calls
himself Robert Allen, the property of Mrs.
Belinda A. Latimer. Robert has formerly
worked at the glass-house in Washington city,
is about six feet hi;h, has a very bi,ck skin,
brcad flat nose, and a pleasing countenance
when spoken to. 1 will give Si' if taken in
the District of Columbia, and 525 if taken in
the state of Maryland, and the above reward if
taken out of the staie, and secured in any gaol
so that I get him again.
MARTIN A. WELLS.
N. B.-I forwarri all masters of vessels from
harboring said fellow at their peril.
July 10-eo7 M. A. W.

CAUTION.
ON the 18th of October last, we enclosed
for New Orleans the five following Post
Notes, of the Bank of the United States-
A No, 6834, dated 17th Oct. 1817, at 3 day
date, payable to W & J. Montgomery
or order, of New Orleans.
B No. 6835, do do do
C No. 6836, do doco do
D No. 6837. do do do do
A No. 6838, do do do do
for Sl000 each, which had not arrived there
on the 17th December, and we presume have
been stolen from the mail.
All persons are cautioned against receiving
them, as the endorsements must lhe forged if
in circulation.
WM. MONTGOMERY & SON,
Philadelphia.
Philadelphia, march 10-wtf

Rowland's genuine Maccassar Oil.
JUST received andt for sale at 'he Snuff'and
Tobacco Store, Bridge street, Georgetown,
a quantity of Rwland's genuine Macc ssar Oil,
so celebrated for preserving the hair and pre.
venting its growing grey.
Also, fresh Hardham's No. 9 Snuff, in pound
and half pound cannisters, directly from Lun-
don, warranted pure.
P. L. DUPORT.
ji.ly 2-- 3w

NOTICE.
M R. BILL respectfully offers his services
I _to the public as a conveyance ,&cand will
draw all kinds of conveyances; as albo con-
tracts, articles of agreement, bonds, bills of
sale, indentures, leases, releases, mortgages,
letters of attorney, wills, petitions, and o:herr
writings, necessary in business ; all which shail
be promptly executed, on being furnished with
proper data.
City of Washington, June 23
2aw2w&wtf


No. 378&.


To the Friends of Humanity !
NN aged, infirm, and widowed mother, is
- 3 d'r,rous to receive information of THO-
MAS BURTON CARTER, an. only son, con-
cerning whom she has not heard any thing', 6n
which re'ia.re c-.n ie placed, for nearly three.
. ears. He removed from this placeto 'he sate
of Ohio ab ut live years ags. The last certain,
account she had from hin, was froi (. d"- ;4 '
that st-te. He is bcut 25 years ofag-e;t h 'rade
fu tailor V.-nue rtmorhia recently pronoun-
ced him dead. A letter communicating infor-
mation relativeto him. directed to Henry Tut-
'wieler. P. M. at this place, would .onfer a pe-
culiar kindness on an affected woman.
Q0t Editors of newspapers generally, are in-
tre-,'.r to rive this article a place in their co-
lumns a few weh--.
Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, July 10.


Washington Hotel for sale.
P URSUANT to a deed of trust, from Top-
pan Webster to the subscriber, dated 4th
May, 1816, to secure a debt of five thousand
three hundred dollars, will be sold by public
auction, the estiblishmenton the Pennsylvania
avenue, well known as the Washing ton Hotel.
or such part of the ground and build ngs as m y
be sufficient to cover the amount of said debt,
interest, expenses of sale, &c The sale will
take place o, the premises, on Friday the 17th
inst at 11 o'clock, A. M. unless the property
should be previously redeem. e1.
JOHN TAYLOE.
ju;y 7-ts P. MAURO, auc'r.
PDuring my absence from the city, enquiries
on.he abovesubject will he .,'. -'ered by R. L.
Leir, E.Bq. "- ... T...


TO THE PUBLIC.
SBSERVING ir. the National Intelligencer
S of' the 9th ins:. a counter notice to the a-
bove, signed by Messrs Daniel lapine, James
Patterson, and' John M'Gowan-in which'they
all'c-e. that ,' the property has been long ago
redeemedi, they havingg retired, the note'which
the deed of trust was given specifically to se-
cure," I deem it proper, for the purpose of as-
suring persons disposed to purchase the above
property, that the title offered is a safe and per-
fect one, and preventing thereby a sacrifice of
the property, to exhibit the correspondence
which led to the transaction, on which the
counter n< tice is supposed to be founded ; and
in which it will be clearly seen, that although,
on the request of Messrs. Rapine, Patterson, and
31'Gowan, and as a f,:vor to then, their note
was accepted as a substitute for that of Toppan
Webster, it wa's on the express stipulation, that
the lien on the property for the debt, shoula re-
main. JOHN TAYLuE.
July 9th, 1818.

WASHINGTON CITY, MAY 27TH, 1817.
Col. John Tayloe.
Sin--Having purchased from Mr. Toppan
Webster three-fourths of the Washington Ho-
tel property, and finding that you have a lien
thereon of '.,'..J n; fir which provision proba-
blyat thi- tme should have been made for its ex-
tinction ; but as this cannot, under the present
pre sure of the times,be immediately effect ed,
we would fordly cherish the hope,that it may be
Convenient for you to allow us twelve months to
discharge said claim, during which period inte-
rest shall be paid quarterly, or at the expiration
of the time; when the principal and interest
accruing thereon shall be promptly paid.
Your :-!ivring us with a reply as soon as con-
venient will oliirye

James Patterson,
Danl. Rapine.

Accepted, provided the interest be paid
quarterly, and a joint negotiable note (payable
in twelve months) be given by Messrs. M'Gow-
an, Rapine and Patterson. The lien to remain
as it is on the property as collateral security.
may 29th, 1817. JOHN TAYLOE.
june 10-7t

COUNTER NOTICE.
N order to save the public the trouble of at-
tending upon the invitation contained in
the above advertisement, we think it our duty
to give notice, that the property has been long
ago redeemed, inasmuch as we who are now
the proprietors of the establishment, have re-
tired the note which the deed of trust was
given specifically to secure. It is not expect-
ed, therefore, that any person can be inclined
to maei a nugatory and nominal purchase, un-
less. indeed, with some view to speculate upon
the guarantee of the a.ivertiser.
DANEEL RAPINE,
JAMES PATTERt OO,
JOHN M'GOWAN.
July 9-8t

White Hall for Sale.
L WILL sell at private sale the above estate.
consisting of about 1000 or 1200 acres df
Land, lying in the county of Prince Georges',
state of Maryland. 'Thia farm is situated on
the main road leading from the City of Wash-
ington to Port Tobacco, and is about 16 miles
from the city. It runs down to Piscataway
creek, about 2 miles from its mouth, which is
a ereek making out of the Potomac river.-
The creek is navigable for bay craft almost to
the farm. The situation is high and healthy,
and the site of the Dwelling house is consider-
e, by all who see it as beautiful. The im-
provements are dwelling house, 2 granarie.,
stables, tobacco houses, and in short evi ry sort
ol outi house. The soil is well adapted to the
cultivation of wheat, tobacco, corn, &c. and
there is on the farm an inexhaustible bed of
marl, wh.ch has been found on trial an exce!-
lent manure. There are on it a peach and ap-
ple orchard of the best fruits.
The terms w'Ilbe made known to any per-
s>n wsiihng to buy, on application to the sub-
scriber, living near the city of Washington.-
T'.e terms of sale and payments will be made
easy and reasonable. Le'ters (post poid) ad-
dlressed to the subscriber, in the Cry, wi.l be
attended to. Any person wishing to view the
farm can be shewn it by my overseer, ref ding
on it.
NICHOLAS YOUNG,
Near Washlingti 1 City.

(3:'The Fredericktown Herald and Lanasa-
ter.lourn.,d will line tthe above weekly for six
successive weeks, and send their accounts to
.his office for payment.
mar 21 wtf
PRLN'TI'JNG(
Or EVERY DESCRIP'lION EXECUTED AT
THIS OFFICE.


~~!2-4&


-rrr~acl


i


F;













THE SOUTH AMERICAN QUESTION.

TTowever much we were interested and
instructed in the perusal of the letter
whizh follows, and however appropriate
ly it might have followed ns the suite to
the already published Deba'e in the House
of representatives at the late session, we
do not know that we should have copied
it, had we not seen it announced that Mr.
MaIDDLE i ON has declined a retel-ction to
Congress; because its publication might
have been regarded as an improper inter-
ference between him and those of his
consti uents who differ from him in opin-
ion. That objection is now removed. The
determinati -n of Mr. Middleton to de-
cline a re-election is to be regretted. His
general intelligence, (not to speak of his
pers nal character) conferred credit on
the House of which he has been an use-
ful member: and, if he has not mingled
in Debate, his letter sufficiently shows, if
such evidence were wanting, that it was
not from the defec, of ability. Indeed,
he would judge most inaccurately of the
talents of Legislators, who should esti-
mate them by the quantum of time they
respectively occupy ip Debate, or the
frequency with which they take the floor.
Thus nothing can be more incorrect than
the opinions formed of men, by a
p- rusal of the Debates of Congress -
There are some citizens, eloquent or si-
lent, whose talents can neither be mista-
ken nor overlooked, who enjoy no higher
reputation than they arejus:ly entitled to:
but there are others who obtain charac-
ters, for which a smart speech or two af-
ford but a slender foundation : and there
have been, within our -knowledge, many
- gjeileinen in C ngress, of distinguished
ability, who, during- heir term oTservice,
have not found it necessary to make a
single speech, bu have no: been, there
fore, the less useful to their country in
their public station. So it is in all Le-
gislative bodies so it is inall societies.
To the communication from Mr. Mid-
dlet:.n.to his constituents, which we now
publish, it has been obj acted, that his sen-
timents ought to have been delivered on
the floor of Congress, and through that
channel only transmitted to his constitu-
ents. WV hat is here objected appears to us
commendable. Mr. M. has, in the course
he has pursued, recognized and acted on
the principle of Representative respon-
sibility, one of the first in the Republican
creed. He desired his constituents to
know the grounds on which he had acted
in his official conduct, on a particular
leading question, ,and he took the mos-t
direct, frank and manly method of infor-
ming them. It remains for his consti-
tuents and the public to decide what con-
sideration the views which he has presen-
ted are entitled to.

CooaTns HIIAL, March 30th, 1818.
To the Editor of the Southern Patriot.
SIRll-The most important proposition which
Congress has had before it this session, that of
iMr. Speaker Clay, to appropriate a sum tor an
outfit and salary for a Minister to be sen' to the
United Provinces of La Plata, if the President
should think fit," has just been decided in the
negative by a vote of 115 to 45 in the House of
Representatives. .
-mets onthis floor, from an unwillingness to
prolong a discussion, of which the issue was ne-
ver doubtful; yet,as the subject is of the highest
importance (the adoption ofthe proposition in-
'olving nothing less than WAR in its probable
consequcoces)' I think my constituents may be.
fairly entitle' to know the grounds of my vote:
Believing too, that the friends of the measure
will not let jt rest here, I think itlimportant that
its inevitable tendency should be understood..
I therefore request the favor of you, to give in-
sertion in your paper to the present communi-
cation, in which it is only intended, however,
to touch on one or two of me most prominent
parts of the subject.
It has been attempted in the course of the
debate, to excite party feeling; to represent
the vote about to be taken, as one which would
draw a line of demarkation between brethren of
the same principle-divide those who had hith-
erto been tunited-and, in a word, designate'
who were and were not thle real friends of free-.
dom. I did not view it in this light. I consi-
dered it as a mere question of expediency, in-
volving no point of principle whatever.
I must further premise, that I cannot permit
myself to be governed by feeling upon this floor.
I consult neither my sympathies nor my antipa-
thies, in matters of policy. The good or ill
success of what is termed the Patriot cause, is
viewed by me in this place,'with a single eye to
the interest of my own country. I make no pro.
sessions of general philanthropy, wh le I be-
fieve it to be my duty to legislate for the United
States of Ai-erica, and not for the whole human
race.
The maxim, Peace, Commerce and Iozest t
Friendship -with all nations, entangling alliancets
-with none, may be said to have passed into our
political creed; and this nmxim, I think, should
be the touchstone by which to try the merits of
the Speaker's proposition.
I shall state the case without questioning the
independence dejfac.'os of I'uenos Ayres, assum
ed by the friends of the proposition.
It cannot oe doubted, I think, butt that the a.-
do; tion of the proposition by a majority of the
popular branch of the government, would have
.been construed by the Executive, as an instruc-'
tion, or, at least, considered by him as a strong
evidence of the public sentiment in favor of a
recognition of some one of the contending par-
ties in Buenos Ayres, as an independent gov-
ernment. The probabthiy is, that the President
would haye felt himselfdivested of all respon-
sibility by such an expression of the sense of
Congress ; anti that hlie would have proceeded
fort'hwith to form a treaty of amity and com-
merce, specially adnt ttittg (ot a' lea : implying)
an acknowledgement of independence, either
with the agent of Iluenos Ayres here, or by
sending a mist r there as the resolution pro-
poses
cl's would, in itself, he on act perfectly inno-
cc" ,'id it not happen that another power
c''a.-.s a paranmeunt authority, or supreme juris-
d'ctonT ovtr the territories nd persons of which
thi:: :e., state is composed. Herei then isa di-
lemma, in voich we find ourselves invol ed at
the ver'-; 'rst 3tt; in thi:s business. Whenever
,r should attempt to give ei'ect to the slipona-
tinos ot.our treaty: w.at. tr they night be, we


should meet with a third party stepping in, Mi'
opposiing (for they arstirt a right to id so) the
fulfilment of its cdndittns, .either by the one


party or the other. HTerethen isa ease, wheie coMe Tingero.s to our pence; because Spain
it would become necessary to take so, eoa wiildt have a right to resent our affording then
sures in concert with the other cqetracting pai- anm aid.
ty, to cause otr agreement to be Tfespected, to But the advocates of the speaker's motion
prevent what all must see would be an inconv- apprehending, perhaps,that it might he perceiv-
nient interference, and to enforce a due regarl ed there would be some probable risk in th
to our mutual interests. At one and the sane course recommended by tihet, took a world of
time then, we should find our peace with me painq to point out the great advuncta-yef to be de
power cnah,,n,-red, and the necessity for an el- rived to us, front the independiete uof lie Span-
taonfling alliance, with the other, growing ott ith colonies in a commercial view. Upon this
of the e'njiuneture. point, I must acknowledge my iicredulht, or a
If we refer to the history of our revolution, least my doubts, as statements of a veryopposite
for an example of the mode and consequence, tenor appear equally plausible,* and in an ag-
of recognition, tir shall find in the memoir ricultural point of view, .do perceive much rea.
of those times, that France, having a great po. son to apprehend-that considerable competitions
litical object to attain in the diminution of the will arige between the two continents in many
British power, and the augmentation of her of-their staple productions. The pursuits of
own commerce, negotiated with our commni- the inhabitants of the Southern Continent are
sioners, in 1778, a treaty of amity and commerce.. in a great degree agricultural, and in many in-
But -t became at once evident, that,thvinggone- stances they raise, or may raise, most of thile r-
so far, another step was nece-sarV to give effl- -tick-s produced by our soil- i. for example, they
ciency and stability to the first. An eventual 'raise cotton and tobacco of an excellent quality;
treaty of alliance was, therefore, secretly fratm- together with many other most precious raw
ed, in which it was stipulated, that,in case Eng- materials which might be enumerated, the cul.
land should declare war against France, or tivation of which is at present cmntined to parti-
should occasion a war, by an attempt to obstruct cular districts, bi the jealous policy of the moth
her commerce with us, we should then ake er country. It is probable that thie production
it a common cause, and join our councils and of these staples will be multiplied in a- am-razng
efforts against the common enemy. The groat degree, when the industry of the colonies shall
aim of this treaty was declared to be, to es, be left free, and their commerce, with lthe rest
tablish the liberty, the sovereignty, and inaes of the world unfettered. This unbounded in.
pendence, absolute and unlimited, of the Urit. crease, by glutting the markets, may be lighl v.
ed States, as well in matters of government as prcjuidicial to this branch of our national wealth.
of commerce ;" and this was guaranteed to s uitt, we are asked, is the cause of Liberty-
by France, together with all the countries we of Reptblicanism-to be betrayed from a featr
then possessed, or should possess, at the con. of hazarding the paltry interests of commerce ?
clusion of the war; in return, the U Statee 'From an apprehension of creating some petty
guaranteed to France all her possessions in competition with our agricultural products ?
America. To this enquity, 1 answer, that it is by no
I Throughout the whole of this transaction, it means clear to my perception, that the cause of
may be perceived that the p:an of France was liberty is a4 all involved in the question before
systematic and complete. No uncertainty-no 1ti. Fear it is not very pr,-bable that the South
vacillation in her councils -was visible. She pur- Americans will acquire civil liberty,even should
sued steadily what she had adopted as her true they accomplish their independence. Forour-
line of police. Her preparations for the war, selves we are already in the full enjoyment of
which was now momently expected, had been freedom. I feel assured that we shall continue
commenced two years antecedent to this peri- so, although no change e should be made in the
od, and were continued with activity. All this conditio-. of our southern namesakes. We most
was wise, in her situation, and w;th hr ..-.-,,: heartily wish them well, in conimon with the
for -ile -1d --ic-, an object I, I .-i it.: to tile rest of mankind, but it is surely not incumbent
sacrifices it was likely to cost, a i-t, hsa been tPO1 us 'a riskany thingfrom motives of simple
already foreseen and calculate.-. l '.-. benevolence',
"I he conduct of the monarch i.f Frar.-et, on Af'indeed it could be made evident to my un-
this occasion, was dignified aswell as wise ; for derstanding, that the security of our republican
he announced to the court of St. James, thro' freedom has any connection with the success
his ambassador there (13th March, 1778) in of the insurgents of the southern continent, I
conciliatory but firm language -" That he had should be ready to afford them any and every
;g.'il', ireatv of amity and commerce, with aid within our comnpetency-money-tropps-
tl1 I.1t.il-. Statesof America, -who. werein fnul ships. I should move immediately to rescind
possession of the independence declared by their the resolution of Congress for adjournment at
act tf 4th. Jdy, 1776 :" That being deter. an eorly day. I shou d be for taking into con-
minedto cultivate the good Jr,.l r.r I;n,. sub sideiation the ways and means-the taxes ne-
sisting between France and i..r -, .,.i., ,y cessir s to be imposed wi.l a iew to meet the
every means compatible with his dignity,- and exigencies which would assuredly arise out of
the good of hi- subjects, he thought it necessa- the hostile course we must enter upon to afford
ry to make this proceeding known to the court them the ass-stance necessary to their success.
of London, and to declare, at the same time, But, far different are my impressions of this
that the contracting parties have paid great pt matt-r. I see but little reason to form sanguine
tention not to stipulate any exclusive advanta- expectations of the formatto of'free states upon,
ges in favor of the French nation; and that the the southern continent. When we enquire into
United States have reserved the liberty of treat the late and present troubles in those .ourtries,
ing with every nation whatever, j.ni thle. ,r.,- we hear of military despotisms being establish-
footing of equality and i-eciprocity In making ed wherever the sway of the revolutionists has
this communication to the court ofLondon, the prevailed. It a inp ain we seek there for signs
king is firmly persuaded, it will find new proofs auspicious to the cause of rational freedom.
of his constant and sincere disposition for peace; Ignorance and superstition are n.ot .the ibfouii-
and that his Britannic Tnjisi-y, aniai.tgd, by the tWons Aher.M-ni tile-temple of Liberty can be
same seaitiments, will -.- i.l.\ j..id every thing erected, or can stana secure. Nor could our
that may alter their good harmony ; and that he republican confedera ion der.ve any counten-
will particularly take eilectual measures to pre- dance or support, if it were wanted, from com-
vent the commerce between his majesty's sub- munities so diffei-eutly organized from our own.
jects and the U. States from being interrupted, Tie best security for the pcrpetuit1 of our
and to cause all the usages received between free institutions will be found in the attachment.
commercial nations, to be, in this respect, ob- of our own people to them ; that attachment is
served, and all those rules which can be said founded on the Blessings they bes, ow; those
to subsist between the crowns of France and blessings flow mainly from their peaceftil cha-
fGreat Britain."' It was added, that the anibas- racer and influence ; pecce, then, is tie grand
sador tih -ight it superfluous to actquaint the desider tumtt to secure the atfections of our peo-
British minister, that the king, his master, be- pie to the r forms of government, at the same
ii-g determined to protect, ettfectuall, the law- time that it tends to cvciliate the goid wishes,
fuil commerce of his subjects, and. to maintain andquinet the fears of foreign powers.
the dignity of his flag, his nmajesty had, i con- B'ii:;-it.i. L .coni.itL_ T 1 iuave no adequate
sequence,.taken eventual ineasires il con-.cert-.. C I I.-..i-U.. 11.CA
S1til1, h1`- Unite-&. hi L"r-- C if tC u- t i i culott ei dn-, -in is-
.,,cl itlsnt monarch immediately recall d posed to preserve the iiost impartial neutrality.
his ambassador from France, and in his first At all events, I deem it safest, at present, to
speech to parliament, subsequent to this notlt- leasv this quest:Qn of recognition with those
cation, complained at the insult she had offered brai:ches oi tne government to which lthe pon-
Sin, in treating with uts, and (trusts that he stittisa has confided the tri- a.y-making power.
sal not standresnsile r the disturbance of he evident sturbaceof Thereidnt be the best judge,fro
the tranquility of Europe, if lie should teel hint- having a view of the whole ground, oi the time
self called upon to recent soa znprovoked and so and lianner, of the expediency or inexpedieni.
unjust an aggression, on the lionor of his crowlp cy, ditstittutiing torign issions; whicu he ca,.
-- subversive of the laws of nations, and do (Snd does on ordinary occasi-ins) by and wi-h
n ijirious to the rights of every sovereign power the Advice and consent t' tile Senate. Hd .
I I Europe The two houses of l riamcent, i might indeed, and very probably would, deem
their answers to the speepli, maue a tender of it 0o be ptropt-r, (it' no a outy incumbent upon
their lives an.d fortunes to support the war. him) when about to adopt a measure so fraught
I From this moment, France considered the with.i importiat consequences, as a. re-ognm-
war as begun. Site issued orders to her armed tion of tu- 1-.. .-:pe deuce of a portion of the pus-
vessels to return hostilities,&. gave every enco'u- session ,w. It-..r, t-i it.e, \ ,t whorn we art- at
ragement to privateers, woich, inDil that pe.- peace, toa.scertain th sesese of the people of tOie
riod,had not been suffered openly in her ports,* Unit.ed Statis, by a full and fair exposition, ad-
It is not the purpose of this staiem.ent to .(l. -.1 t,. tli-cr representatives in Copgress, of
frame any justification for either ot f.Me parties '-,e r.,k,. to te ibiicurred, with an enquity.
to the dispute. It may, perhaps, be contended w ,ether they are prepared to make the sacri-
with some plausibilitny, that we are too deeply fices, and to persevere in the course of mea-
interested in the consequences resulting from sures which would be necessary to maintain the
these transactions to form a judgment altoge- national honor. A step of this nature mnist al-
ther impartial. Itis intended merely to shew, ways be equivailent-Co a question of peace or
that war jfllo-.red close upon the heels.of 'recog'ni- war, left t thi- ,' i,,,;,. ,I .i, ,.' o the adverse
tion, although made with the sLrongest possible party. It is, th:11 ru .. ,tt',. I' r.', believe that
pr I.-.ui., of pacific objects and intetitiqis. a prtiilenit administration would ever yelature
this was the principal ast, alleged by Eng- upon it, without having first submitted it tully
laud, as a justifiable cause or w.ar, according, to aid fairly to the legislature, whlch is alone com-
the received maxims of international law. patent to declare War. But'the initiative at the
If Spain, who will not want for prompte-rs, question should, inmy opinion, al.t, a) s rest with
should pursue similar conduct towards us, in the Executive brancit of the government
the event of our recognizing any of her re- StIcti are the general views wiihch induced
volted colonies, we must see that the act of re- me to dissent h-om he Speaker's proposition
cognition, pretended to be so innocent in jiself, Admitting that I may be mistaken on some
would be tantamount to a.total abandonment of points, yet there are many sound arguineits
our peaceful policy. By such an act we might which may be utrned agaiun.t a premattue recog.-
hid ourselves engaged unawares in the unpro- nilion of thd governmental of Hltnios A) res OUne
fitable business of war, without any adequate is to be found in tie diviai if- wi.ieh et.ist, and
object, and even contigarv to our clear inte'estsl whictt have produced ua nil war bet.o en the re.-
for it appears to be admitted, by all sound vtutonists, holding diliernit portion s of those
thinkers, that a coAtmiereial republic, consuilt- provinces: another, in the extreme iusignili-
tug its true interest s, snoutid be pacific upon cantce of .he trade, whether actua! or probable,
principle, that it shuiild never engage in u n, of that c.uintry withti ours.
except when attacked in its hIberty or its -. .-, 'to litis very cursory survey of the subject, I
merde, lie two great elements tof its safety and will only addt, that it is highly satisfactor) to find
its existence." It is not preteitledt, that eith-er frt-m the yoae gien, that tle senttnel.t ot at-
of these has been assailed at tie present tihi rachrnient to peace, must have been strong to
The advocates of the prposit ........ ;.,i.: cause the failure of a propiosiuon, urged with
mulch dialing tle debate, on the great z.al, tiandt which w as calculated to excite
the proposed acknowledgment. Tlue state- our sstringes: sympa'liues. It can only be by a
inent above given, sliews how it may not be sut'pritze atned over tius S()oUII t'eeingig of tle
altogether so inuocem:t. Jf it did not vary the courtt.y,that ourtriue pol cy can be --udangereu.
reiuiosus of lie. parties, it 'vould indeed be per- Uiiont the real teile of leti the pruposilto,, I
fcctly nut-liess to them ; but witeutver, on toe cannot persuade llS-lt;, that te rellucttng and
other Ialind, it should become e{Hici.tent, and ur;s'- utitinimassii ned portion 'tof tie pubhe ca., s aft r
fil to the Patriots, it must at thei same time be duie deci btat-rion, dIra' couclusioits, ditierng
t'ioti t ose nie:e submitted.
*Hostilitih'- eonmeucel wi thout n dned-utitiln I am, sir, your very humble e,'vait,
ef )atr on either phirt. A mtui,.f'is-to i as ),iiii..i ui fi-E\i.c 1 MIDDLETON.
in Praris in 1779. in which it is stat-d, 't t c ----u
court oi Londulc had fha'eud her :;in-lot coluits to w.iir scarcely be denied that Great Britain lii,
have lrecoa-Oi 10 IO s to aiui to in t!a:ll -i i- hr, h I i h i itla in ,ai a i oi niierli'ela! view,.tian ii We
,,. ,1 a;d tcir Il3]H.'t)'.:' t'iem i. 'L;oI In d, i ,..ve, b the i| i pep n',encc or the coziot hs of
Jameti' r ). iii- iv I. i-,,/IC ,,001 ,0,-l'uu', in ||, ,uI. ^ ^^ we find her p-iclaili,,g ~tii t s --t. "s
it is st:i t,.-.l 'liih t y al 'l ,, ou id not a ,.,l iers-i o. ,; .- i it.i y ,S i t ,i|lu l, mn ost u- hitli li have ., i. -
the plret-nid ijuu iic.j t u- h:hdi h.lc ,.li a l,, :it:oo j .,,, r thlt we should lecomue paticies in a war to
initrmilt einhg into tI.e ju. isprudeic, of .'urop m.a-,- n -l ch.,,, en,. t-.
inis ; it f I a:s ti e antt tt ':.t ,. nt gt:'a 'i' ; "i- ll; -
iut tqkio;r it it -tr *r:,lte"1. tn::T fat" dua- ,,'ilcl i !;;i..


!,'i c in the bI-m i ;u i;lep'.,nent ,,i 'o:' Dr. 13rown, Profulssor of Rhetoric at
atau- .,v be 'aw-i. it, l,. thlu jitgruietoln r;-...-ii Edin'bur;. is writing a work on te play-
p'i-iue ; u!.i th:tl, suili iruiue e rv u t' 6 oit r'-,!' i. .
tribunal, his -WDies and their subjuecs to .jiiust their 3cal, moral and political hi-tot v ,t Aime
condauet, .e." Erz:Ia, which is almost ready for the press,


OF swVEr.-nR ,GAi M. ESMENARD.

Extract of a letter from a Balrimorean, E'tracts from the MS. of the Duke of "Rov;mo.
now in Swveden, dated ll. Esmenard -The duke of Rovigo
STOCKHOt M, MAY 4, 1818. p-aks with great approbation of the wit
SWe are now on tip-toe for the coro- d talents of the late M. Esmenard ; no.
nation, which will take place in 7 days. ,ne possessed equal facility. "Vhichever
The ceremony will be very imposing ard cause he was called upon to support, ar-
very magnificent Among other customs gumcnts and special pleas crowded un-
peculiar to this kingdom, I must mention iter his pen with an abundance really in-
one ; The procession from the chateau exhaustible. His excellency assures he
to the cathedral is on horseback-the never knew a more flexible spirit, in
horse the king rides is never afterwards proof of which he quotes the following
mounted on any occasion whatever. \\ facts:
went to-day to see him ; he has been When it was in agitation to erect
bro't down from one of the royal studs -he republic of Holland into a kingdom,
and is one of the most beautiful animals Napoleon directed M. de Talleyrand, then
that fancy can paint; perfectly white, minister for foreign affairs, to furnish
with a tail touching the ground, and a him; within eight days, with a memorial,
mane hanging 12 inches below his neck, calculated to convince the authorities of
which looks like a rich bed of silver, so that republic, that their form of govern-
purely white ahd so perfectly neat and mentwas incompatible with the system
polished are they. This favored animal generally adopted in Europe, and that the'
will pass the rest of his life pampered only means of maintaining their cn-uftry's
with every care, and exercised only for independence in the political baian-ce of-
his health. The horse which the late Europe. was to choose a king out of Na-
king rode at his coronation, is now living, pcleon s family. On quitting the Thuil-
and is 30 yea s old. He is at one of the leries, M. de Talleyrand ran to his u-
royal haras, from which this beautiful suai drudges ; he called by turns on
creature was brought. The third day Messrs, d'Hauterive, Roux Laborie, and
after the coronation, the king receives the the Abbe Desreranldes ; all of them con-
homage of the nation in the open air.- fessed themselves incapable of cnmplet-
Immense scaffoldings are erected in front ing so voluminous a work in so short a
pf Xhe palace, and it will be a very grand time. His excellency then thought of
spectacle. How simple, my dear friend, M. Esm:nard, whom he used familiarly
and how much more wise are our plain to call Figaro ; he sent for him, and to
usages at home! How much ficire happy, smooth away all dir culties, coupled his
free and independent our people:are, any proposal with a promise of 200 Louis.The
ohstriiv i man must soon perceive, by offer was accepted, and on the appointed
visiting, with a comparing eye, any, even day, Figaro gave in the memorial, with
the best of the states of Edrope It is which VM. de Talleyrand, the emperor-
because our usages and our hIorals, de- in short, all the world, except the states
rived from our sound, just and equal in- of Holland, were mightily pleased.
stitutions, are simple-that we are more It was perfectly felt at Amsterdam,
independent and nore happy'. God grant that ir tinmations of that kind amounted
that our institutions may remain as pure to positive commands. Yet it was resolve.
as they now are ; and, I wa near adding, ed to try a last attempt. The whole di-
may God curse the man who may ever plomaticstrength of Holland fell to work,
attempt to corrupt, by assimilating there each produced his notes, which were put
to the unequal, vicious and oppressive- together and despatched to Paris, with
systerns by which the European world directions to employ some French litera-
has always been gvocrr.,ed. Systems in- ry character to digest them, and strike
vented by the few, to keep in utter degra- out an answer to his imperial majesty's
dation and distress their fellow men !- memorial. The ambassador was acci-
Systems which answer this purpose, and dentally acquainted with M. Esmenard,
which do and which ever will oppress and applied to him to find out the man
mankii d, and elevate a favored and a pri. he had occasion for. It is a work, he
vileged portion of it" said, to which the states attach a great
deal of importance, and which will be
THIE POMP OF WAR. handsomely paid for: I am charged to
____ present the author with five hundred
The reader may form some idea of Louis. Thede.uce five hundred Louis
the Pomp of Wart in India, and the should not be sent a begging, said Figaro
amount ot what are called the 'followers to himself, and I shonidbe a great fool
of the army' by the following extract of a to turn so valuable a god-send from me
letter from a British officer, written on to some brother author ; in a -word, he
the Jumna, Oct. 27, 181i7.- Col. Cent. offered himself. The ambassador was
The synole of the army now on the in raptures ; he had not the mostremo e
field, consists of 10 divisions, each of idea that M. Esmenard had any thing to
about 10,000 men. We are advancing do with the composition of the memo-
from the three Presideucies toward the rial delivered to the states of Holland;
the same point, with the finest army ever, and Esmenard was much too wise to
perhaps heard of in India. The Gover- boast of it. All .was, however, settled,
nor-General is with our division, which and blihold Figaro at work. The wbole
is about 13,OQO strong, with 60 pieces of was soon completed, and, to give him
cannon. The ca: -p followers of this di- .his due meed of praise, he acquitted him-
vision alone amount to 67,000. For the self conscientiously, and gave the Dutch
.. ,. .__ c *.,- : -- ^-l-.-aS~ ,. .:r- -- "K S SEC i-~


"V,. `6-WM T" a I'tiaiu and 400 camels;
every elephant has two keepers, and
every two camels one. Of us there are
37 officers present, among whom there
are 810 servants ; every horse in the re.
giment has two attendants, oneI as a
groom the other to provide grass ; these
alone amount to 1400, besides 120 for the
mess, and 900 for the Bazar to suppJy the
provisions ; and all, for our regiment,
lone, about 3,500 followers, besides their
wives, children, &c.
"' 1 he Marquis of HASTINGS travels
in a most princely style ; he has 150
elephants, aud 400 camels, besides state
elephants splendidly ,acpoutred, having
superb solid silver howders or castles on
.their backs; There are pow actually 36
Rajahs aid Independe.nt Chieftains, of
various ranls, on their way to pay their
respects to the Marquis. Some of them
indeed are already in camp. The Gov-
ernor-General; in fact, is now pa great a
man as ever the Qreat Mogul was."


QUEBEO, JUNE 16.
,F.atai4 Acident,-On the night be
tween Tuesday and Wednesday, not far
from Richelieu, as the steam Boat Car
of Coinmmercewas proceeding on her voy-
age to this city, she came near 4 brig or
ship atanchor. Although h, r machinery
was in foiFe, she nevertheless steered
rlear of her ; but unfortunately and .un-
p received, she fell foul of a river craft,
which sne ran down,and, as it is said,jwith-
out the possibility f avoiding it.The mas-
ter if t he craft, and crew, were saved, but
melancholy to relate, a female passenger
perished WVe havenot-learnt the name
of the sloop or scho;,.er, nor that of the
master; bnt we understand site had been
loaded with wheat at Verchere, by Xav-
icr Maihoit, Esq. for account of Messrs.
Bell andi Stewart, Quebec. We give
this imperfect sketch, strictly as it was
related to us.


PROVIDENCE, JUNE 30.
At a special district court, held in this
town on the 22d inst. the Spanish brig
Beilo Corunes, prize to the patriot pri
vateer Pucyti.edon,was. by the consent of
the ciaimanis, decreed to the Spanish
consul ; and the brig and ca,'go ordered
to be sold. and the proceeds, alter paying
the duties kind expenses, vested in Unti
ted Siates stack, to ,!wait the decision of.
the Suoreme Court of the t-nited states .
App,-als havy' been entered by the captors
of the brig to the Circuit Court of the
United States which meets in this town
in November next.


'swer proved greatly superior to his first
memorial. The very nekt day, the am-
bassador delivered it to the minister for
exterior relations, who was quite asto-
nished at the strong h of the reasoninvs.
which were alleged in opposition to his
master's views; at the address with which
they were bro't fo'-ward, & at the elegance
of style which pervaded the whole of this
diplomatic document. The emperor
was no less loud in his expressions of sur-
prize ; every one admitted into the em-
peror's council talked of it; .eri different
writers were thought of, but nobody
could guess the real author. It was only
about three years after that, in a moment
of frolic, which banished reserve-Figa-
ro acknowledged this trifling piece of
roguery to his master."

MIQRE SMUGGLED GOODS FOUND.

9AVAWNAH, JttiT 2.
The commander of the United Stales' reve-
nue cutter Dallas, having strong reasons for sup-
posing that there still remained some part of
the cargo of the Spanish ship Pastora, which
had been smuggled, and had not yet been re-
covered, dispadched on Sunday last, a boat, un-
der the command of an officer, with orders to
proceed to Port iRoyal Sound, and elsewhere,
for the purpose of recovering, the goods, and
detecting individuals concerned in the nefari-
ous transaction. The objects of the expedition
were completely realized. A quantity of arti-
cles, consisting of wine, cordage, paper and
dry goods, were discovered and taken posses,
sion nf by lieut. Hubbard,& deposited with the
collector of Beaufort. The names of the per-
sops in whose possession the goods were hound,
we have seen ; they will, of course, be prose.
cuted agreeably to the revenue laws of the U.
States.
It is stated by one of the crew of the privt.-
vateer Young Spartan, who was arrested and is
now confined, in Beaufort, by the officer of the
cutter Dallas, that a quantity of dry goods taken
and landed from the Pastora, together with a
number of cases of HIItlland Gin, that had been
plundered from a Dutch ship from Amrsterdam
bound to Havana, by the Young Spartan, have
been sent to Charleston for the avowed purpose
of defrauding the rev-enue.
The vigilance which captain Jackson, and his
officers, have evinced during the whole of this
affair, merits the applause of all honest men.

NEW-YORK, JULY 8.
Rapid Emigration to Canada -From
the 25th to the 29th of June, 501 settlers
arrived at the port of Quebec from Eu-
rope. The whole number that have ar-
ri.ed here this season, since the river
St. Lawrence has been free from ice: and
navigable for shipping, is stated in the
Quebec.Gazette at 2378. The same pa-
per informs us, that several thousand
scotch Highlanders have formed an as-
sociation for the purpose of emigrating
to Canada, and were to have sailed from
Greenock in the month of May.


Z 0MULM-ai WLI;;I


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__~__~ ___ _~ __ _~_ ~ ~


-raria -nfthp















SATURDAY JULY 1t.


A correspondent informs us that BELLE
POIaT, the site recently occupied as a
garrison, on the A: kans;us river, is situ-
ated in north latitude 3.5 23' 12", at the
junction of Porto river, four hundred and
sixty miles from the mouth of the Ar-
kansas, pursuing its meanders, and about
twenty miles above the Osage boundary
line.
The situation selected for the garrison
is secure and healthy, and affirds a com-
plete command cf the rivers above men-
tioned; Its elevation is about thirty five
feet above the water, from which it is
accessible by an easy ascent. The point
is supported upon a basis of stratafied
stone, well adapted for building, and is
surrounded by wood land affording ah a-
bundance of excellent timber.
The soil of the adjacent country is ex-
uberant, producing corn, cotton, &c. int
greil perfection.

Atalatemeetingofthe Virginia Board
of Public Works, held at Richmond,
GFoGE NEW.'.)N, of Norfolk. was lect-
ed a member, vice L. W. Tazewell, re-
signed ; and THOMAS NOORE, of .'dary-
land, was appointed Principal.Engineer,
vice I1. Baldwin, resigned, until thie next t
annual meeting. The following resolu-
tion was then adopted:
SResolved, That the Engineer of the B6ar'd of
Public Works do forthwith, under the direction of
the ex-ofleio members of the Board,'survey and
examine James River and its branches, in pursu- S
anee of the riesolltion of the generall Assembly of i
the 25th day 4 'ebirnary, 418, iad report tiheire-
on (with detailed statements of the' probable ex-
pense of any work which he may recommend) to t
the next animal meeting of the Board. I
This resolution has in view a surv-y
" for the purpose of ascertaining the best
means of improving the navigation" of f
this river, and especially of ascertaining i
the practicability and expense of procur- i
ing a navigation of said waters, or.any part d
of them, 'for vessels drawing three feet m
water.": f


By a vote of the Legislature of Rhod,
Island, at its late session, much honor i
paid to Commodore 0. H. PERRY.
committee of twop very respectable citi
zens is appointed, with instructions to co]
lect all the documents necessary to con
stitute'an entire record of the brilliant a
phievements of Commo.dorePerry,durin!
the late war, as well in creating the mean
of victory, as in the victory which crown
ed his efforts on Lake Erie, and to depo
site the same, when collected,in the otlici
of the Secretary-of that state. The sami
,,pmmittee are further directed to request
Com. Perry, in the name of the Assem
bly, to sit for his portrait, to be taken by
Gilbert Stuart, 0 a. dijstnguished artist
- and-alsoaa-inative itCzlaa-ef that state,."'

The inhabitants of Halifax have pre
sented petitions to the British govern
ment,-praying that the citizens of thi
United States may be prevented from us'
ing the fisheries on the shores of the
British North American colonies; ana
stating that the American fishermen have
pushed into thp streights which divide
Nova Scotia from Cape Breton, which
are wholly within the British territory
4nd have nearly exclusively appropriate.
ed to 'themselves the whole fishing
'ground on the Labrador coast.

FROM ST. AUGUSTINE.

CHARLESTON, JULY 4,.
Captain Bate on, of the sloop Frolic.
who arriv,-d here yesterday morning, left
St. Augustine on Thursday. He informs
us, that ai Spanish corvette of 26 guns.
ard two brigs of eighteen guns each
arrived off that place un Sunday last, in
a short passage f m Havana, having un-.
der convoy the schooners Barbarita' and
Santa Rosa. loaded with munitions of war,
clothing, provisions, and about 20,000 dol-
lars in doubloons, for the use and pay of
the soldiers at that ppst. The vessels of
war sailed again on Monday andTuesday,
the sch'rs were discharging when apt. B.
sailed. No certain information had been
received at St. Augustine of the fall of
Pensacola. A large "body of Indians, with
their women and children, were encamp-
ed within about 4 miles of St. Au 'ustine,
and a number of them daily visited the
town. The garrisop which amounts to
about 400,were much elated by this time-
ly supply of clothing, provisions and mo-
ney, which they had been Jooking for.

LONPOn, MAY 21.
A private letter from Paris states, that
an account had been received there of a
violent affray at Cambray, between some
French and English officers. It is stated
to have arisen in a coffee house, where
one of the English officers happened to
deliver too free an opinion on the cam-
paign of 1815, and the battle of Waterloo.
This led to the drawing of sabres; a tu-
multn m consequence took place in the
street; and report adds that some lives
were. lost before the disturbance was'quel-
led.
The king of Naples and his brother:
Charges IY. of Spain went lately to Pom.
peii, where, after inspecting some fine
works lately discovered, they went in a
carriage through the streets of the city,
where the noise of wheels had-not been
heard for more than 1,700 years.


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GEOLOGICAIL-FRENCH LICK,. IND,1ANA.i BRITISH ARMY AND NAVY.
EXTR ACT OF A LETTER. .Extract of a letter from ageetleman in tlim th,
A greater curiosity of the kind I have EnF'. to ius friend in the city of .,'few-York,
not heretofore seen, than what is here (in daed lg ay 14th 1818.
Indiana) called "'French Lick." Previ- We are in great bustle, fitting out the
ous to reaching this place I had heard dif- guard ships for a cruize in.the bihannel.
ferent reports concerning it, some of The Prince Regent is expectedihere in
which only were true, but which may the month of June. Orders live been
appear exaggerated. As I camn within received from the Navy Board to corn
three fourths of a wiile of the sprflg, or plete with all possible dispatch the stern
places from whence the water issues, I of the line of battle ship Kent, building at
could with facility perceive the disagree. our dock yard. This vessel has, a round
able smell of sulphurated hydrogen gas, stern, and, I have no doubt that every
which is emitted in great quantities, and seaman will give the decided preference
the smell is more perceivable as we ap- to this mode of'ouilding. .n an engage-
proach nearer to the spring. The prin- ment the round stern can brifig eigTt gu.ns
cipal part of the water flows from one to bear upon the same angle ,'..
fountain, which is very clear, and has a The Iphiginia frigate is also fitting
cool, peculiar taste, slightly chalybeate ;out in the most superb stile. The frigate
the smell of sulphur isvery strong in the is to convey the Duke 9f Richmond, his
morning, especially if it is foggy ; and family and suite to Quebec. The tipper
when there is a gentle current of air meet- deck his elegant apartments as far for-
ing the traveller, it is perceivable at the ward as the mainmast ; the panels are
distance of one mile. I discovered the covered with moreen, of a fawn color;
gas to pass off'from the water' in bubbles the mouldings and pilasters superbly gil-
as the water passed along its natural chari- ded;the head and stern are to be the same.
nel, having already taken up as much The doors are all mahogany.
of the gas as it would receive; A piece In addition to the two frigates now
of silver coin immersed in the water be- building here, four others are ordered to
cqme. tarnished in a very short space of be commenced immediately ; they are to
time. The water contains a small por carry upwards of 50 guns each.
lion of muriate of soda, and subcarbonate A.new military exercise has been es-
of li '.e in solution. I was told by some tablished. The 38th and 90th, two regi-
persons that this spring was in no way ments, ordered for Canada, made tiial of
different from common springs of water, this new mode on Saturday last. The
previous to the earthquakes which hap- bayonets were fitted with cork. which `
opened a few years past. Whether thij were previously bur.nt. The, soldiers,
information be correct is to be doubted were in their white undress. They were
but I will give you my ideas of a theory ordered to charge; the 38th,whicl cha ig
on the subject, without touching on the edin the oldway,became so irritated fr'oa
'e at whic" h this peculiar gas first the decided ad.vaitage{fle 40t hald over
made its appearance, which I think was them, that'the ofictirswere .,bWi' d loir n
n .all probability previous, to the settle. trerfere, The result was, that the ...ih
ment ofsthe country. v'p have only to had from three to five black spots n each
suppose that this vein6 of water, in pas. mnan, while the 90th left the field without
sing through tht e earth, in some part of beii v touched. The new mode enables
ts passage meets with a metallic body, the soldier to reach his man one foot
iron) and that this metal decomnposes farther than.on the old plan."
the water by absorbing, or uniting' with
ts oxygen, apd thus liberating whe otner ARCHIBALD HAMI'LTON ROWAN.
constituent of water, called hydrogen.- The name of Hamilton Rowan is fami: t
Sulphur is not only found natitc in dif- liar Io every man conversant with the his-
ferent parts of the western country, but tory antl misfortunes of Ireland, during
p foup' with different metallic bodies, the last thirty years. By the citizens
Hydrogeot gas has the peculiar quality of' of Wilfmington lie is renr.embered with
lissolvingsulphur when placed in contact particular regard. and respect, founded
with it, and thus we may account tor the ii u. inrtioate acquaintance with his cha
formation of sulphurated hydrogen gas, racer, during several years in their Bo- '
whichis soluble in water ; but there be- rough. while-an exile from his country
ng a much greater quantity than the wa-' It is about 18 years since this gentleman
er can possibly take up, it rises from the left Wilmington to return o l'.urope.-
rater as it reaches the surface of the The regret-of his friends here, at this un-
;arth, and mixes with the atmosphere.- avoidable separation, has beep frequently
t is probably from the decomposition of relievedd by lItte's from him, 'reathing a
his gas, that pure sulphur is 'precipi a.- the affections of.a Virtuous'and uiporrupt-
ed sometimes during a thunderstorm ed heart, towards them and this-country,
ihe land around this spring is said to be- whose .institutions and political career, c
ong to the state of Indiana. Of the me. are the constant objects df his esteem and n
icinal properties of this spring, 1 shall approbation. A citizen of- this place
ay.nothing at present; but I woulo b,: (who is a native of Ireland) after on ab-
nclined to believe that it' would in time sence of more than twenty years, visited a
become a place of great resort if suitable his native country during the last winter
accommodations should ever be estab- and spring, and called upon Mr Rowan g
shed." a his house-in Leinster street, Dublin.
w where he was welco' ed with the genu-
PHILADELPHIA, JULY 7. ine hospitality of Ireland. He found him
Don Onis, the Spanish ambassador, unaltered, except by the hand of time-
.r-i"yy di azyW 3-,w :.--..-.,, GI,.. ill i.p,.ilaphsi. rgad b a; kd a
te has received two messengers from his life, and still retaining -a lively recul- -
pain within three weeks, and declares election of his friends in 'this vicinity, to 1
amselffully authorised- to settle all mat- whom he charged him with letters, ac-
ers in variance between the United States companies by testimonies of his affection. (
nd Spain. The dispatches received Mr. Rowan's circumstances are very
rom the Spanish government of Pensa- affluent; his income is l-rge, and his es- lt
ola, are reported as denying that any tablishments in Dublin, and at Killala K
id or comfort has by the Spanish autho- Castle, in Mayo,' display all the refine- a
ties been given to the Semmoles. It is merint of European splendor: He takes Al
lsodeclared by the embassy, that neither no part in the public transactions of .Ire- tr
ie Spanish edict, nor the translations ol land: Although, sensibly alive to its
Which have been published in the U. miseries, which the lapse of years has in
states, respecting the.liberation ot Mr. greatly aggravated,he feels that his efforts ,
leade, are correct ; in that received by would be inadequate to relieve them, and
te ambassador there is not a wora about seeks indomestic occupat'oris aind -,cien-
newspapers," in the offiCal copy, &c. tific purspuits, those grati6ic~tions which
i.D. Press, are congenial to his inclinations and pe-
DETROIT, MAY 29. iod of life. Our informant adds, that 1
On Thursday the 21st inst. a party of Ireland presents a gsene of general mise-
bout 12 soldiers found ieans to leave ry and oppression: time, instead of heal-
le cantonment and pass.the sentinels., ing its misfortunes, only itnPesses their
hey proceeded to a place about three acumulation; and the general wish of
iics below this city, where were en- its people appears to be; to precipitate
imped a small body of Indians,. with themselves from its shores iand seek an
,eir wives and children, who had come asylum in the United States.
r the purpose of trading, and had su [Del. Watchman
ar, peltries &c. to the amount of 2 or 3 [ "'V .......
hundred 'dollars. The soldiers, whose From a late Engli Paper,
)ject was plunder, commenced the at- ANTIAUirTEs-About three weeks
ck, as we are informed, by knocking ago, some men in the employ of sir VW.
Dwn ana .beating the Indias, a tewt of Hicks, bart. while digging up the roots of
hom resisted, and 'in .the contest one an old ash tree, which they were employ-
Idier was dangerously wounded, and a ed to fell at Cooper's Hill, about 4 miles
w slightly, with their knves-anct some from Gloucester, came to a large stone
the Indians were severely wounded, that excited their curiosity. Onremov th
.t-not dangerously. The soldiers, as ing it, they discovered a flight of steps
e learn, succeeded in taking from them leading toan apartment, in the centre of -
most the'whole of their trading articles. which was cistern about a yard square;
We learn that the soldiers engaged in in clearing the room, the sculls of a bitf-
e outrage upon the Indians on the 21st fal'o and a bullock, with horns complete,
ve been identified, and that a court and the remains of a fire place, with a,
artai is now sitting to try them, and quantity of wood ashes, were likewise
'ard- the punishment merited by their found. Last week'four more apartments
soldier-like criminal conduct.-T''he were discovered, in one of which is a ye-
air for which they are about to suffer ry curious tesselated pavement (the tes-
I no doubt lead to the adoption ofch seroe are tubes of about half a.i inch ;) S
1orous and salutary camp regulations, also the remains of several urns and
will in luture prevent a repetition of figured tiles of Roman pottery. The hei
ailar disgraceful transactions. w"lls of one of the apartments, and also an
the passages, are painted in fresco, with ear
LONDON ADVERTISMI'NTS, alternate stripes of purple, yellow, and lie
Among thae advertsemems ine la scarlet, allot which are beautifully shad wa
fdon papers, we tind "one of a Mr. D ed, andcuriously ornamented with scrolls ma
fons, to fix 'i'eeth and es,/ without and a border. These interesting remains
g, so that thr e teeth may be taken of anluity have probably existed for j
e, arid replaced at pleasure." upwardis of seventeen centuries. The'
One of T. Cato &t .ons, of" an Invisi- men are still discoveries
Fence, to inclus Gardens, c. imper are making datil y.k, an new discoveries
us to deers, hares, rabbits, &c. m d.


One of Needham & Co. of "a Patent NEW ORKl, JULY 8. wit
rtable Family Brewing Machine, by The Washington 74, came up yester- tea
ich the most superior Beer can be; day afternoon from the quarantine ground, ,li
ewed by a person totally ignorant of and anchored in the North River, oppo- lion
wing'" site the battery, about 7 o'clock. j


Washingtof, Theatre..

: For twenty nights only.

'lfie Managers have t'.e pi'essure to annone
to he p ibl-i, that the lTheat'-e wil 1.pen o,.
Saluzday comedy oft 1e
Poor enieman.
Lieutenant 1'or,,innrton r. Hagh'a
From the Boston I heatr', his 1st appearance
here.
Sir BRoerit Bramble Mr. Herbert
from the Theatre Royal, his Ist appearance
here.
Frederick Mr. Wood
Stephen Harrowby lr. l.tt
Their first appearance t4ire'these 3 years.
After the play, a Pas Sent, by Mrs. Harris.
To which will be added, the much admired
farce ot the
BUDGET OF BL U'DERS.
Cj- No postponement on account of weather.
j,' y 8


o.-The Re'. Mr. Co-,1r v'V' ,n ,.
gent oi the Board of Foreign Ai .. wi ;.
sited tins place slnme'lie'ago, on hhis waytoiulfil a|
mission among several oi t' indian tribes, is 1bw"
here, with fotur India yotii'ths of (dii-reut nations,
who are to, be educated in Coinecuein, at thlie cx,
penlse of tluat society, of which 1' is an: able aind
/ Zealous agent.
ir. Cornelius will del 'er a discourse in Doctor
Lauri-. '" 01i-0lrth o-Imiorrhw evening, lat 7 o eilck
the ;..i' .... "i expect a statement tofthe succeilSs
which lias iittendeil the labors of lose employed by
thi Board of Foreign Missions, to teach the abon-.
giuLes what concerns their temnipoial, aid espe-
cialli their eternal happiness. The subject is ii-
-. ,. ;r'.. ;r. ir;: lu[,.d that ot tr citizens will not,
i.i.. .......'r .. .r. 1. .r, ".forsake the assembling of.
themselves together."
July 11-.
PIANO FOR')IES.
t HREE of .he above is cumientis are ready
S fo examinot io., at the s .bacribcr's. One
of six octaves, after.the Englishi plan, the other
wo on an entirely new m ode-a-i of the finest
quality ot lonue, and finished. in the msil fash.
,oiinable style. with drawers, and two pedals.
'The first ni.entioned has. the dampers sepnrat-.
ed ..in tie key.j, as most approved. 'rie
tuutch is calulated to saye a great deal of tuition
and practice. All will be sold, and en'ured,
with reasonable usage, by dthe subscri'er, at.
h:ladeiphia prices, or the maker, who v.. l re-
inma.n here only a few, days.
F. A. WAGLER,
Opposite the Western Academy.
july 11-eo6t

City Lots at Auction.
O N Sauircl .y nie 11th inst. at Davis's Hfotel,
will be sold at pubtnc auction, lots 12, 13,
'15 znct 16, i" square east i.f square 642, and lot:
8, in. _q.ltac 8 5, ifi the city ot Washintgton.
ale .coti e at o'clock, M. Terms
will be nad o known at .'he timn iisale.
S" 3 --eo5t GEORGE .DA' uS, Anct'r.
V aiuabl real estate foIr s'tle'
SUANt to t e last wl and sesrameot
..L 1. .,-id,' rd Neale, te of Charles s6,nty,
;.ecedied,. tie sbscqriber wikl offer tor sale at
public atiction, inh he toa'rs of Port Tobseco,
,60 r r -dA, %.o.: tis J-:t pe;t,"that ftr.
Lilt .ld i.u .1.1 '-i.'rmin, tlt. late tesidcnce of the,
dceased, tid.now in tle tenancy and "ccupa.
uLon (for "th preaint year ouiy) ot'fgiwrdi Ji
Heard. 'T'his farm con-ists of about 300 acres
of land, perhei's interior to non in tt ..,
in the rioc.qunality of the qoit;,and const .j,-e:
productivenes oft crops. 'It lies contiguous to
the t,,wn 'a Port Tobacco, and also i1 part
binds 'p.toi the c.rc;A, which abui'uds with fish
owa 'wild flowl. There is sls on th pernur es,
a warehouse for the public inspection'of tebact
cb, and a complete store room and granary
upon the water side, which will be all sold with
tht land. The mansion ihou-e is large and
commoialus, and stands upon an. eminence,
commanding a beautiful prospect of the creekE
the atodliac river, and toe surrounding coun-"
try. The out buildings ate cbiifly new, and
iafford every convenient accommodation.: P-ec
sons disposed to pirchale, are invited to vijew
the premises, as it is' coildently believed
more desirable residence could not be proc, r-
ed in this part of ihe country. An exrtn.ive
credit will-be allowed for the greaTer pa ", or
perhaps the whble of the purchase money. Foag
further particulars, application c.ay bv' mude
toeMrA.Henry A. Nealei nier Prt 'Tobuc-ou."
Gk ACGE 1 E,.LE.
Charles county, Md Jul" 3-wSw '


Franklin's Memoirs, written by himself

JUST PUBLISHlED,
, EMOIt, of tIhe Lue anu V, ri wings of Ber-
jiiLnn Franktin, L. L D F. It. S. &c.
,a iiiser l'enipoteiliaryfro&; ,hit Unated State,
t 'North Amnerics at the Cour'. o. F;ance, ant
or the treaty of pace'k and independence, &c.
wth 6r.a, Britain. Written by himself to c
iace perinl, and continued to the time of his
deuatih, b kis grandson, Vihiam Temple'Frank-
iln. how firs-.', published ironi the origin:" Ma
'snii.' comprizing the private curresgon.
dmnce andt public negociatious of Dr. Franklin.
together with tlh. whole of his political, phi-
losophical and iiscelianeous works. linustrat
cd v i-nt portraits, vignettes afnd numerous en-
4.av.ni;-ih, 6 voiumes, 8v6. Price to sub-
. r.t, A 56 thevolume, in boards-payable
,n deii.eiy, to order.
SOrdfers rbr the'work, addressed to W'illiam
1 )iPhiladelplia, will be ittAUtId to :
July 11-7t '

PA TINT .SAW'i''" .
Tr'OTICE i iei'eby given, that any siie made
. of Ltesvart's pateits fur sasv.iig m.Logany
'.'r 'her woods, wil not be legal uI--.s.approv.
d of by the trnstces of A. btewart and U ,oi g
Mtll; ine sai St"'wa-, & HiltI haviicg a '.e.e tii,
t.nlefit oi the ,ir.oioye- atas or Muayil d, ad
assigned over all iheir property, rights and in-
er-ust, of whatsoever nature, to the respective
t.u tecs. SOL. A Oi'SOPyIBS, trustee
jtly 11-at WM'. 'VAlsC, trustee.

Valuable Land for Saie.
' 'iHE sobisr'ber.wiu,es to sell a ti'aut oi land,
JL containing 55a acres, situate in Nanje
nioo, Charles cotiaty, Mt,. This land lies coin.
.ui.t on the Potomac, adjoining the farm o0
Wi'liam U. Hflarrison, Esq. about two miles
;uove Maryland Poi!.t, is well auapted to the
growthh ol wheat, corn aiid tobacco, and might
oe made a desirable farm.
Also, another tract, containing 801 acres,
bout half a mile from the former, and aajoin-
ig the lai.ds ,fGol. John Tayloe. .
"A furtiier descritiun ot tlii, property is
.eemed unnecessary; as those wishing to pur-
'.'ase wil, no doub,, view lthe premises. If
lot solar before at private they w,ll be offered
Sphblic sale, in the town of Port Tobacco, onI
M'unday thei 1Loth day ofi Augustnext. Terms,
ane-.tnrd of the purchase money on the diy
of sale, the remainder in tquai payments oi 12
nd 18 months, wien a sufficient deed will be
iven. DANliL. J ENlFEIK.
Port Tobacco, july 11--eo3c

385 Dollars Reward.
" AN AWAk from the siubscrrler on the
L .i *t :. ni, an alpreni.ce b.iy ., ,i.e Tailor-
g b..',ine'sn, named NittlAltl NiiiliS, auout.
9 years of age, q feet 7 or 8 inches high, stout
lade, black hair, full blue eyes, stares when
spoken to. He Wore away a black c6at, whitt
es. ar.d irab cassimere pantaloons, and carri-,
d a pair of clouded cotton cissimere punta-
Lons with him. The above reward will be
given to any person who will secure said run-
way or give inftoimation so that 1 can get him
gain. All reasonable charges will be iaid if
eturnied 'to me, in Waierford, Loudoun coun-
y, VU. JOHN F. SAPPINGTON.
I. S. Masters are cautioned against liarbor-
ig or employing said Norris, as I am deter-
ined to deal with them as the law directs.
july 11-.3t

Robert Kirby & Co.
iffAVts received per schooners Midas, capt.
[1 Bears, and Resolution, captain Ellis, trom
oston,viz,
24 light waggons
i first 'rate gig
50 tons plaister Paris
5 hlinda rec'ified rums
20 bbis'N.E. rum
74 trunks
90 dozen Cologne water
50 M marbles
1 bbl oil stones
12 boxes white soap
ALSO, IN sTonE,
10 hbds 1st quality Bartidoes sugar
1( do 2d do do do
5 do New Orleans sugar
75 bags green oiffee
20 h'hds molasses' '
20 holds W I rum
ALSO, oNI nETAI ,
A general assortment oft groceries, which
ey wi sell low, as usual.'
Georgetown, july 11-3t

FOR' BUSTON,
The regular pneketsehr.
MIDAS, capt. Bean s, wi, be r-ra
d'Ply lor freight in two days. Ap-
B py to the master on bars4, or t,,
'R. KIRBY & CO.
Georgstown,juiily 11-3t

STRAY COW.
-I TRAYED from the yard ou the subscriber,
5 on the 2d inst. a black and white Cow, will,
white sput in her face in the form otf a heart,
r horns are white, have holes bored in tolem,
d are marked with four rings; one of her
rs has a slit. She is a small cow, and hangs
r head down when she walks. A liberal rc- t
rd wll be gtvel to any person who will re- t
rn said cow; or give information ivhere she
ybe obtained. Mrs. MYER,
opposite the Centre market.
uly 11-St

S"RAYED, ,
tROM the Common in this city, on the 4 h
'inst. two milch cows, one a yellow red,
h large spots in her forehead, ard one blind
; the other a wliile cw, with red ma',.
person giving information f' said cow 0
asrs. Geohegans' morccci factory, near 'he i
'er bridge, shall receive a reward ot W5. I
uly 1-3t


em


William Abernathy, Berkeley
Springs, Virginia,
FESPECTFULLY informs his friends,
ana the public generally, that hfe Ia .
lately removed to n above menutn.-d
place, and resumed the business of keeping
a house of.entei'tainmnnc, in the large and
commodious stone, frame and brick build-
ings, near the public springs and' bathing
houses, wrheie is' rooms have been furnish:
ed in the neatest and hiest manner; and
having p provided himself ith a. choice se'-
lection of liquors, iionest, attentive, and
obliging servants, fine stabling' aid' good
ostlers, invites those ladies atAd' gentteinien
who intend visiting Berkeley Springs the
ensuing season, to call oh him, and hopes,
by an unremitted attention to business; to
redder general sa.isfacton. .
WILLIAM A BERNATHY.
N. B.-For the be ter accommodaiion of
those ladies and gentlemen who wish to ;ive
retired from noise and bustle, the subscri-
ber has rented several small houses,remote
mnor the principal ones, for their accorn
frodaton. June 22 W. A.

Cinciinati Land Agency.

THE subscribers, tiuer the firm of
JSSB EMIE1(EE &. 0.'
fHave opened, in Cincinnati, Ohio, an office,
for the purchase and sale of Lands, and of"gent
eral land intelligence,in which they have takeig
measures to concentrate not only all thi Dis8
strict Plats of United states' Lanid in thr West-
ern country, with a consideri-able 'piart of th.;
field notes, which describe the quahly and soil,
but such other topographical information ae
considerable personal observation, and an ex-
tensive correspondence, have placed within
their reach. hey have also established agen-
ciesin the different sections .ol this country :
and consequently will be able to answp'er 1'hU
enquiries .sd execute the orders of their pa-
trons, wih the greatest possible despatcht. A
it is the intention of the proprietors to render
this establishment both permanent and useful,
it is scarcely necessary to add, that ho exertiod
shall be wanting on thei- part to merit the con.
fidence and-paiuoiage of those, wiio may wish
to'make use of their services in the line of
their business. o
They will transact on commission, or for a
reasonable compensation, all kinds of ingocia-
tion connected with the soil, such as p'trclia-
sing, either of individuals or'of the offices s of
the United'States paying taxes,&c,; and will
act as agents in all landed concerns..:
They keep a register, in which is entered,
for the perusal of enquirers, the description of
all real property placed under their care for
sale; and is they have now a great variety on
hand, purchasers can have an extensive choice'
Selectng and entering Congress Lind will
constitwue an important item in their business,
and in thi[ way they expect to be most usetul
:o their friends at a dis ance.
Letters addressed in the name of the firm to
this place, (post paid) will receive prompt at-
.epatiqn. .. ....
JESSE EMBREE
M. T WILLIAMS
DAVID PIERCE.'
Cincinnati, Jan 30. "
Reference in Washington, during the sep-
ion of Congi eFs, may be made to an yof the
members from ruhio from the Western part of
he state.
In Cincinnati, to any of the citizens.
march 1.8-w'ly

PI"" NTING
IF EVERY DESCRIPTION EXECt.UTED AT
SHsoFvIVE.












w sceptre glittered above the humbled head of the
peasant This, perhaps, was the state of youth.
ORATION, Its effervescerce had not subsided, its ainlk-
Delivered on the 42d anniversary afJlnmc- tion was less restrained, its intellect benighted
rican Indep de: ce in the Reiresenta- by the prejudices of ignorance, and, vet, lost
trican Indemde: ce, in the R/city f l na- amid the impervious and unexplored regions of
tivrs' Chamber, an ute city of 'ahing'- knowledge. At length, another age, emerging
ton, by A.lexander Andcrso -. lsq. from the dark and dreary wilderness of a men-
FtLLOw GrITIEss: tal enthraldom, is beheld laying the substrata
Convinced of my inability to do justice to otL' new order, in Athens, in Thebes, in Spar-
your wishes, nothing but a confidence that the ta, in Carthage, and in Rome. Here, we may
same generous spirit which dictated your cour- mark the lineaments of a partial manhood.
tesv, would continue to attend me throughout Unqu.-stionably, this was nearly its epoch. But
this occasion, could have induced or justified it was no'v, that the most powerful change of
sMy acceptance of the honor you have confer- all commenced a sor of supernatural operation.
red. Believe me, it is an honor I shail always An event, upon which depended, in my opi-
appreciate with the most friendly recollection. nion, not merely, what has followed, but on
And when I see before me, the collected beau- which depends what is still to come. It was
ty and wisdom of the metropolis, embellished, at this peculiar crisis, that, christianity was in.
as it is, with the refinements of taste and eru- produced, as the efficient handmaid to -human
edition, I willingly throw myself upon your li- improvement. The midnight of error, which so
berality and benevolence, shortly succeeded, was like the gloomy mo-
lt has been the custom of other nations to im- nient, that is tie omen, and precedes the dawn.
mortalize their achievements, by consecrating ing of day-iitforeboded the inevitable, how.
then to public observance. On recurring to ever protracted, graduation ofthe political uni-
history, you will find the two most splendid re- verse. Upon this it is 1 build my political faith.
publics that ever adorned its page, preserved History maintains it. Indeed, herein, our
their character as long as they had virtue enough own experience is satisfactory. And al-
left to celebraut its event. The enjoyment & tne tho' I differ on this subject from many, to whom
commemoration have, uniform ly,sunk together I accord the superior claims of talent and of
in one common grave. That rational enthu- learning, to me there is ample -reason to con-
siasm, which gives birth to independence, must, clude,that,liberty, which is on the march,the in.
necessarily, continue to superinduce life and separable companion of civilization, & civiliza.
permanency, or else it will degenerate into a tion of christianity, never, no never-never can
worthless name.. Nor is there any thing more recede! It may sometimes haltin the paroxysms
inspiring to its principles, than a fixed and an- of a violent struggle;but it will, sooner or later,
nual return to tie remembrance of its era. In recover & pursue its course with a steadier and
this way, the mind is more seriously fraught loftier step ; and, from age to age, the cloven.
with the traits of, its grandeur. The imagina- footed altars of despotism must, one after the
tion is lighted up by the sublime picture of a other,totter to the earth,till the grand spectacle
revolution. It wande:.s through its scenes to de- of rational equality unfolds its banners, to the
note the passionsby which it is distinguished, millions that are now unborn.
Virtue is been struggling with vice; and from To a mind unaccustomed to survey the scenes
national heroismn there is an easy transition to of human history, all this may form a subject of
the more precisely delineated portraits of per- curious and doubtful speculation But no one,
so, .1 .~i, ,.. Facts are deducedfrom. these who considers the course of events,will arraign
cormbiued irnages, to which the judgnient yields, deductions founded upon the deepest principles
and by which life may be regulated. In short, of humthan nature : A nature capable of an un-
there i.sa'neculiarity of effect, to which we can known extension in its attainments; for, the
only appeal by experienc-. 'For we may learn more it is dilated, and acted upon, the more it
toturnfrom our backshdings,at an hour hke ttis, will receive and perform.
when the conscience is awakened into a grate- Perchance, as to ourselves, the grudging bi-
ful sense of fiational'ty, to the scenes of a holy got would start his futile objection. Perhaps,
war, and the wide desultory shades of political he would say, "your darling republic is not safe,
variation that, since that epoch, have successive- "whatever may be the logical accuracy of your cui.
ly taken place of eiich other., dcution as to oihoti/ fl How heartless the feel-
Nor, at this moment, will themind pause en- ing low brainless the suggestion What,
tircly upon the retrospect. Forever on the Amertc, 1lhas :sie iiot'before her. the lights of
wing of experiment and research, it will take all antiquity1, ind aroundier the, guardian spir.
its Way into iuturity, and among the concealed it of reformation ? She may tread onward, fear-
depths.uf causes and effects, endeavor to peue- less of aberration, guided and protected in the
trate into the succeeding history of our country. giory ol her passage, by the Beacon ofthe past
The chapter in which is inscribed the glories of and the Genius ofthe present! What was it
our ancestry, and to which we have recently that agitated the investigation of right on this,
added a supplement, is not sufficient for the side of tile water ? Was it a mad devotion to
vast exploring eye" of the patriot to dwell on the memory of Peloponnessus ? Or to the fame
in content and admiraton. To make it truly of the triumphs of Roman valor, that extended,
dear to his heart 'and lovely to his fancy, he not only over ail Italy, but reached to the banks
must unceasingly imitate,for it is not.possible of the Indus ? No Though they may have
to transcend, its excellence. He must, at once, been accessary to the enlargement of the intel
strive to follow the ,gu.." .n1 .l .l example of lectual energies, and hung. out as signals to
his f refahers, .mnd i', de'st-r. i some distant iiatnkind,by which to steeri, they never could, of
day, the apipeila .'n 01 .in equ ii, by 'protecting themselves, have excited, at so dista t a recol.
their household relics. le. action, the, mighty passion of a revolution.
To speak in the rigorous language of truth, Modern J Europo may look to them, we mist look
ours is thie earliest and the only distinct model, to .AJMdern Europe.! We have boi'rowedfi'.m
of a pe.lcil rational equality in govci nment. 4er, what she received there, and taken, besides';
It has not Lben owing, however, to any fault of her own.workmanship, witourui ay of its clogs.
the human mind. The fears and necessities of We took it, nuot alone to venerate, but ,o
men, on whici, we are told, 'are built the stab- .unprove. Such has been the gradat.uL..
lest 'oundations of legal connections, have un-. But do not mistake meas to Eur.ypu-1 a would
fairly been converted into the potent means of not,'even, be suspected of bestowl:.g upon a
their subseriiency to the i'.ore powerful. In modern heap of groaning, tyrannies,the 'niiqual.
the primitive ages of creation, liberty was ad filed praise ofnioral elevation.. I could not. so
easy andan almost uninterrupted possession,in- much vio.ate my own conscience. I wild nu.,
der a patriarchal dominion. There were no so grossly insult yoir .feelings. However the
local and contagious compressions of society. cofistitution of nmai anal have elicited its finer
Individual authority grew up, ratheras a matter qualities on this c imutinit, and the general con-
of paternal inheritance, than as a conquered edition of society exceeds the most prosperous
condition, or, in the least, as an ,accident of state tiat existed at any previous period,
power. And, although it has ever been domi- to Europe, a~i Aesent, ve advert :with the la-
neering in its sway, even in all times have ip-. mentable t.,. ~ut,-.. or.e dr-a,iful concus.
peared some faint-glimmerings of the spirit of sion. Ala,. ".o.tr- -'l n-~ro"n--f. tbeefitl---
liberty. Nevertheless, I esteem it a correct destiny of man, that the amalgamated terrors of'
position, aid one I shall attempt to vindicate vice should gather about nme remnants of vir.
ihn this address, that a gradual social progression tilue, preparatory to their awtul dissolution So
was essentialto the pr duction'ofajust and li- twill bewittithe enslaved, stipendiary, parli.
beral constitution. o government. Andl assume toned Europet. deliold Ireland, at whose name
it as equally true, that,the consequences cannot t e 'Patriot, toe Saint, the Philosopher, the Or.t
be obvmated. The sampwoms of this orderly mi- atoi, and he Puoet, kindle with, a melancholy
provemnenthave been as variable as violent. Re. ad.i ration; holds out the. deplorable testimony
solution has accumulated on revolution, but as of tins prophetic'trutih: For, or all the Isles that
often terminated in the rashness of anarchy, or 'encircle, and all the countries that cover that
the disappointmentsof, whatis inconsiderately vast tract, Ireland, cling ig witl an unrivalled
termed, a rebellion..' A few lucid intervals of martyrdom to the saactity of herpiety, andtihe
aristocracy or democracy ike the fierce and purity of her patriotis-i, is the most durable
e.vanesceni lightning thai flashes through a lov- monument oftile eff'ct,'and not long hence will
ering.atmosphere, nave, now and then, l,i.... he, too, a moInument of the fiate of oppression
in upo.-the despotisms of the world. ,But; ii and aouse, where reform is rejected by the
hits been reoierv d tur us to reason and to'act hand of intolerance and of despotism. All re-
upon the possibility oftsustaining a republic. I cord proves it to be the course of humanity--
acknowledge, it his been conce-e'l, itf it were recur to our siluatlion iin seventy six, if not as
diffictut aud dangerous to .h-.n, it is even Aggravated, at any rate, an atdiltional and irre-
niore doubtful and-perilous to preserve., The vocable proof. But, it is true, there was ashor.
uncontroverted orthodoxy of this axiom, and ter step to our revolution;: for, when the sover-
the fact, that no such system has ever endured cign of Britain surrendered to the British pen.
the- ravages of earsr; and the inroads of cur pie the charter of their rights, he resigned to
eruption, are the chief circumstances that 1.. .lie mercy of America the crown of his succes-
gained plausibility to.the doctrines of the ene- sors. .
mies of mankind. '-But those of 'is whoi bottom And, here, let us retire a moment from the
a different opinzmoiupon this theory, "ughlt to go decadence min hurpe, where the hopes ofyoutil
a little further. We would discern there are "& the comforts of age are weighed down by the
no conclusions against us, to b'e' drawn from pflisical preponderance af prostituted worth,
prior, institutions. History has produced no to a contemplation of the ascendancy of, that
parallel to our own. All that imas existed, seeins political moderation which has 'risen amongst.
to have been removed, to, make way for oine- us,,the proudest milausoleum of the. old world,
timing, better. We mnay search in vain for a 'id the I. n-' .- ...-- ,rtf the nev.' In this
counterptart-4no where has .the smouldering- pleasant t ,u..T...'.i, a e a iv e great and serious
hand of time rested without decay,or thie storini cAise'ofcongratulation. Once a eulony, now
of faction played without elfctC, For wviere is an important empire, we must be-sensible of thie
the crown thai has not been shattered? And,/as immediate difference between receiving a gov-
if the conviction should not be rcsisled, while,I ernor i as ate of subjugation, and commiss on.
too, the menunieits of ancient liberty hiav'. ihg a minister to that very court from whose
tumbled into a heap of chaotic -and undistin- maternal bosom wve were discarded. We.
wished fragments, how much nmorie exalted is mus, readily -perceive tihe increased con-
toe new creation that has risen upuln their fal i. sequence derived, even then, at an uncertain
-I mean morally andl poliVc dtly. conjncture of our affairs, from alliances with
What dhen.doyou.cobjectu're of-the progress .nations not afraid of doumg right, fur fear of
of society ? Do you not'suppose, that fbr ages doing wrongg" lu a prove niuid.d. pendence, it
to come, as it has for ages that are gone, owingff as very humiliating, that a princicely dignitary,.
to the same natural, -,ll -.:u',,n.t .i-0. \i'i i .o r some honorable exile of the motiier country,
guishable power, it will .continue with a gorge- stuck o'er with titles, and hung:round witn
ouis, yet clear, though ivariant, still purer splen strings,' should wield the supreme executli c
dor, to shed its light upoi the track of civiliza. aulthorty. T'/ihe iroyual asent, too, w-as another
tion ? Who is it can questyn th s ? ll:uave'you odious feature. But it is a edutulted gratilici-
nuot observed,alr'eady,thle accelerated procession, lion uto us all, that, no lmatiler il wliat shape tic
of civilhzamion ? Not tiat dim-eyed civilizaution, iron clawed io.uster of tyranny nmade his ap-
wihose lustrous vigor is'scorchied by the. noxious jearance, the people knew uhow to uctect, and
blaze of wealth, or which blooms and flowers when to resist hum. A stamp tax; a declaration
beneath thIe rays of r.,yalty; but that which jf authority ; a ten tax, and,.as it happened to
spreads its beauties under the wholesome tree )e, a wily, but uinpolt.c discrimination of cornm.
of' freedom, andi ciwers within the celestial uiercidal duties, did not gain the credulous sub-
v.'iil g of pc.rce. Look to America! Here, a emission oh a filal loyalty Yet it was expected!
happy state o; renovated existence loffers,to my h'ie English ministry of the day seem to have
noand,the consequent ef'lecSt of tue progress ot .ctedon i the illusion of the timatastic theory,
society. A society which has had its infancy, its chat the hulmani spec cs degenerated in Ane-.
youtih, its manhood ; and wilich must, finally, rica." Vain and foolisti statesmneu to imagine
arrive at a point of perfecuion, oin whose pinna- that, with their' professions of' kindness stating
c!e it v.w ill over in the latter days, with the ilieui in toe tace, they.might play off upon the
charms of re igion iand p.ulosophy, encircling patriot the deceits ot an artful hypocrisy Ve'
and sutmmn;ttig its traniit to eternity', rily, they were too precipitate in their designs I
But let us, casually, enquire ot'f its origin and Notwithstanding the energetic aid we had given
development Thie.e was Abraham, who was to the mother country in her contiicts upon our
a ';a:rn.:'c !' Th:s was :he hour of its inilncy continent, for which we received ner thanks,
Tie ne:;t niust Ir'o: inept wasSonlomniu,wliho aas te accents of peace were naot used upon her
a K'mn' .Autet;i.r to anidj/tom tis lime, the hu- lips, before s'h c-.nceived the wicked project
i:r;n racc was snit'te, '.vith a rod, and in what- iiof an unnatural and sanguiniry war. In vain


ev-tr quarter they' pi.noiteut 'e standard of their ;ad Franklin warned the ani stvy ofa tempting'
douuninii, they. alao, raised thlie altar of homage to subvert a bravo andl a free people. They liud
to a'. ephemera creattiu. At once. in Asia, in heard it frn luhim in thie langi ge oi admonition,
Africa, in Europe, and, ifor a; ght we know, at tiat the Ainericamis voluntarily preferred tleir
hat very period, in America, the mitre and the own to foreign manufactures ; that they had


restarted themselves to the exclusive use of Could I be sensible it was necesFery to submit Mutt not thisbe the ultimatum? How can il '.e
domestic growths This was the spirit o u '65 to you a proof of our love, 1 would recount the averted ? In no way! If Scuth America could
-the spirit of'76-tthe good old spirit through- battles of' the lite war, and the exploits of ourii commence a revolution, and defy- for years the
out the revolution Every 'class revered it; youth. But even here we must hail the gracious strained and now straitened resources of'the
every man-, woman, and child, boasted of it! interference of ProvideMce, that permitted you mol her country, she is more likely to give law
Happily foriis, this spirit existed. Their resour. I to abide amongst us, uutil you had taiughit is the to S:pain than to receive her voke. Thle Old
ces were feeble, and they required all the precepts you had acquired, by directingus how One miay exert every nerve, distend every ves-
strength of tnity, and all the effect of co-ope to receive -.xperience. Still it may be said, sei of her body, it will not all do-repulsed,dis-
ration i without e5uhlation, that, we have not been ob- concerted, and disgraced, she must f;ll back,
But iark,'TIbeseech vou, the predominance stinate in persisting against your counsel, or puny and powerless, into the convulsiie grasp
of their social progression over every difficulty backward tthe duty your wisdom assigned us. of her own miseries As to that worn and fes-
and misfofrtpne. I believe you will meet with Nor is it singly, in a t.tful instance of bravery, tered government, the sta'e and degraded me-
a f 11 illustration of the doctrine I have advanced we have slhewn our respect for your lives. Or mento ef the Castilian name, is it requisite to
For liberty,, they forsook the beatitude and indeed, that we cotudr evince a settled deter- adduce to you another fact ? Need I recite
avocations o peace. Nor did the( pine or sick- mination to preserve the institutions you have what her Financier avows, that the very table of
en at the.chan'e The hbut of the poor and the toiled, so labor, usly, to establish. No what- the king must be cleared of the rubbish which
mansion of tl'riechwere,in turns,converted from ever the unthinking may believe of the every crowns his feasts, but impoverishes the treasu-
the seat of thieconvivial banquet, & the shelter day notions of patriotism, it never can consist in ry ? When he entered the vacant and solitary
ofgriay tiamirs and ofinnocence, into the soldier's professions of one sort and practices of another, vaults of the Exchequer, he had too solid ajudg-
garrison and the scenes ofa tumultuous warfare. That is not a love of country, or an adherence ment not to discover, how blind and silly was
No longer can the peasant hang upon his to your sentiments.. which clings to the parch- the practice of clapping up a batch ofinert and
plough, and pause in silent delight at the sweet ment and throws away the moral character of useless appendages, to hang like drawcancers
and silvered modulations of the little feathered the constitution. Whenever we adopt your upon its breast. Of course, he recommended
songster. IHe can no more enjoy, in secure constitution to. justify our authority, we must economy. .And how did it come ? For once, a
amazement, the clear and perennial stream, that take care that the first object of its exercise is minister more desirous of honorable renown
reflects the perfect image of the verdure that the utility of' our fellow citizens, and that the than a lean.and paltry power, dared to breathe
embraces-its banks. He must forget, too, the intention is topromote the great principles of their the truth into the royal ear. ," Sire, said he,
chase, and direct his pursuit to a more formi- evil polity. This should never be lost-sight of. your resources are scanty, and your expenses must
dable -object. All the allurement of the coun- We flatter ourselves such has been out course. be lessened; not only of the household, but ofthe
try, the deep, still, and meditative solitude that For it must be acceded, that the very obliga- army yea, of the marine itself!! The army !
pervades its retreat, is broken in upon, by the tion under which you have placed us, compels, the marine is it possible why, the bigotted
peals of the drum, and the shrill-toned echoes us to be attentive to the right, as well as the po- Ferdinand himself admitted the necessity, but
of the war horn Even the wild flowers of the i of succ um'img the soldier of affliction, who dreaded the trial And yet, Spain, with her
wood deaden upon the eye, and their deli- befriends the cause of. freedom, army reduced, with her sea-port barriers strip-
cious breathing odour" palls upon the sense Our constant aim, fellow citizens; should be an ped'of the few little ragged sails that still flut-
The home is a desert; the family in a tempo- equality among men, as wedl with others,as with -ter in the wind, would conquer America! I pro-
rary orphanage ; and the wife, perhaps, clasp- ourselves. Upon this fundamental maxim test it is impossible! I repeat it, if South Amer.
ing an infant to her breast, trembling and sigh- hangs all the l iw and the prophets" of our ica wills to be free, her cruel mother cannot
ing for the next news the passing messenger history. Nor is it in any other mode we can enchain her to the block! She will snap the
may bear. Merciful Heaven how awful is the ever discharge, to our ancestors, a ponderous fetters that encompass -her limbs, and dis-
predestinition of thy providence But thus, it debt of affection and obedience. In fact, it is a member the legions that are deputed her exe-
often happens, evil is permitted that good kind of indimiuishable, irredeemable debt, that cutioners!
may come ofit." Yet, how arduous was the will be entailed upon t the thousandth and the Let me ask you, fellow-citizens, if, after all
trial! The father and the child mingledin the thousandth generation. this, you have any scruple of the theory.of so-
holy cause, and beheld the life pledges of this In all the circuinstahces, either immediately Vial advancement I am induced to think you
earth's endeat-ment staked upon ,hle ,.''e. un or abstractedly connected with this memorable, have not. To confirm this impression, let us,
one hand, they saw the chairs i, [ch acre period, I am persuaded that you must conciir in the sequel, return to a summary considera-
forged to.fetter them, if they tumlv ) ielddcJ with me in opinion, that, .at every stage, they. tion 'of ou own country. Here, the proof is
and, on the other, if they were baffled, their bear an invariable testimony to the principles final and irrefragable. It is all upon one side;-
wives, daughters, sisters, and themselves, the of social progression. Notwithstanding, it is a there is none upon the other. Understand me:
protectless victims of a military rage, and of a philosophy, I will allow, that is much question- .I do not mean to disturb the predilections of
civil despotism. Oh! how wonderfully did they ed. The objection, 1 think,requiresno refitaation. ally sect, or the politics of any creed. I have
bear this test of their nature-and how glorious It is the interest of the monopolist, it is.the studiously avoided these subjects, and, for this
was their triumph. The stormy powers of their business of kings to condemn it And all this purpose, many others, which are very interest..
spirit had been roused into an incessant and tre- is quite natural It. would shut out from ithe ing. I speak of -the social advancement of our
mendous agitationr Every faculty was awaken- one the possibility "of his'monopoly, arid take country.in the abstract I refer to that, as the
ed from the torpid lethargy in which i had Irurr. li- cothiir the pleasures of his court,'and base on which all her success re.ts I refer to
slept, under the lulling intrigue of dicep.t,%e the iy..) ment ct his,throrge !: W. ho 1 it cannot i er condition as a colony, herleague as a, con-
promises-But the pressure had been .s Ilong .et, % lien it he~tms to mature, i h- the pri-le I'ideracy, and,lastly, her maturity as a republic.
.as violent ; the reaction wias, in proportion, as .and paraphernalia of the political bigot are Soimeof you recollect the first; all of youi are
resistless as determinate! A rebellion had bees, '>volleii aa.d decked 'iith tie patro-iage of sine- acquainted with the last gradation.
sounded-from quarter to quarter; but, in effect cures, and the;plunder of his subjects, how it It is hardly necessary to remind you, that our
it was the retributive vengeance of a revolution, will strip him oft his borrowed greatness, arid common and our statute laws were, at one time,
terribly rolling its fires through the castles aid Jay him level with the sons of men ? Who is: jt entirely those of England, except as to some
sequestered haunts of affrighted royalty An 'cannot tell, every i .-.i ce will be futile, and indifferent. local regulations. The piles ofun-
enraged, irreconcilable, and oppressed people, every delusion unsuccessful? For where isthie meaning precedents and decisions of Westmin-
had risen :n their strength No mena,'- could vice, that, of itself, is not overgrown ?:or the ster, over loaded our. benches and perverted
intimidate them; no offering could appease ambition, whose satiety does not pall upon 'the the policy of .a self action in an enlightened ju-"
them, except its incense smokedfrom the hal- intellect, as .well as the appetite,- and leave it .diciary. A few years, and they have beenswept
lowed altar of Liberty. Did they hear to-day desLit te of energy, or so: far exhausted, its away.. I will venture to pronounce the profes-
the,sign and the sealof 'ardon, tendered as the 'schemes partake of the weakness of its fatuity, sion consents,the coarseT trash has been remov-
price of their service and their desertioni ?' and the wildness of its vision ? But you are ed,and the finer materials retained. Soas to this
They unhesitatingly spurned it, with an indig- ready to rejoini with the inquiry, setting aside pgrticular,,the burthens of our coum Ii-. e '-.i:
nant ,alor, that denied, evesh,to the persecutor, ourselves, ,.where is this social .progression ? lightened, and the complexity of ]. gal learrirg
the pleasure of reproach, and took "from the Where is its illustrition.? I amp free to admit, alin6os-Icompletely disentangled.. Undoubtedly,.
Spartan the proverb o. hbis ,,irtue Nor was no people, in their descent, have been mdre it is. u, very important point tobe gained. For
there any modification ,f miery, however hor- fort.uate than the American ; 1 do not allude the habits: cf our citizens demand the most
rid, they were unfit, or unwilling to endure. to the quibbling and senseless distinctions of simplified thesis of their civil and-, criminal
Did discomfittgre embarrass them ? They smil- blood; but tI the science -it'brought us, the codes.
ed at the incident, arid organized themselves arts it conferred, the principles it traqsplan ed. Again-You may mark the coercive springs
afresh. Did death present itself ? They braced Yet, look to Fratnce! Is there no evidence there? which operate in the hands of the people, up-
,o its stroke, as they looked to H-leaven with a Or do'you suppose her present calm will be an on the deliberations of congress at every subse-
comppl.cent firainess. What did they care, if after bressiing? Look to the state of England,it quent session. Is it not very plain, that great
commerce stopped, and the doors i.. b.ti.n. s,. 'sc4iii,: ,i:. very moment ; England, from whom and abundant changes are, alternately, beating
closed ? Ontie scean, they repaid -"h1..r,,.-|:,e: the I.r. hest'bearns of hterattre have sparkled, at the'public heart ? No sooner are the sources
in the traffic of the spoiler, and the merchant and its widest plane of elevations started at a of justice confirmed, than they set about to am-
and he customer, together, mounted the cock- touch --Look to her! and,ahlhoughldisapprove plify its waters, and to conduct them to the
ade and shouldered the musket. At a moment the idea, that her debt or her vice will ever en- causes of universal want. If there were errors
like this, big with the birth of freedom, what tu'eiy destroy hier relative respectability in the in the system, which was new modelled, that
was it to them, if agriculture lie but a debili- smile of atio s'her existing temporalities have were at first overlooked, but have since become
tited pace beneath the pitiless pelting of for- buttwo alternatives, ruin or reform. Is not Ire- so enormous, they require correction, the re-
tuiu. .' ,It. et. the;, and there, teiachied bands land her own jealous and much inured vassal medv is care'il anal j a aiau
-T,--ii-. r ,nblh, oc i,. rh al'erntately, t rlhg-t1 -n asz5 rr "snt.,-q,-t .. i tfU' ThatiST-'ra'Ye(y temp er equ an en-orced by the coolest
ground, and, led by some banning hero, lending .ofsuspicion, her own habeas corpus, and dev,,ted dictates of a more ripened and prevalent judg.
an occasional iid to theii courageous 'comrades.?. to the mercenary informer the victim of his en- ment. Here is to be seen the practical and con-
What was it to them, if vicissitude sported'ii mity ? Yes-amnd liberty liberty liberty, the sistent will of a representative government, work-
the contest '' Their purpose was fixed; their people must and will have! Does it signify ing with the: happiest aptitude to general and
trust unbroken'.; bearing'aloft the shield and whether it is Athenman,, or Spartan or Roman? substantial benefit.
the weapon of their rights, they pressed, for- Perhaps,it will be cast in the medium between By the inclusion of every incipient advantage
ward to conquest or to death :- the licentiousness of the forimer-'rench mobo-' we could derive by observation, or comprehend
Fortune iher siles may variously dispose, cracy, and the sturdy though high-u rained aris- by study, we are virtually prepared for an in-
And lthse be happy called, tilhappy those, tocracyof Scouthland. But, whereis Spain? Had production of the simi ar principles, measures
But Heaven's just balinee equil till .Apear', she not an ameliorated constitution, when the and improvements, a longer association may be.
Wh ile those are placed i hope, arid these in fear; gallant Cortez surrendered liher to the merciless get. The soundness of this argument has been
Not present good or ill, thie oy or curse, cruelty of' ain infituated monarch ? She came tested by the suffrage of the people. When-
But future views of better or of worse." poor buit faithful into his hands-she has 'sunk de- ever they have felt the necessity of complaint
Ni.ow, it is very easy for us all that the tern bused aid wretched beneath his feet.: Can she long or reform, how suddenly have you heard it
pest is over, and there, is no hidden wrath for remain where she is ? Her finances consumed, echoed within the walls of this house Nor can
us, to proclaim' the course, 'the only course, it her Garay, like the Neckar of Louis, if not they ever have a servant, who, in the temerity
was sisfe for our lathers to take. But then, thle :already doomed to exile, held, no doubt, as'a of a desperado, will dare to cast back into their
pathl ofsecurityt appeared to be the certain mere propitiatory sacrifice to the chagrin of his teeth, a petition, or a proposition, or a measure,
conductor to destruction. For, even then, the master, when desolation yawns upon his throne! if you please, to which, with one accord, they
timid faltered at the report of every defeat, al. I say.it without fear ofcofitradictuo, that revo- have given their sober sanction. Do they call
though, from its consequences, the resolute lhtionuzed, she will revive to better days, and for'indemnification ? It must be granted. Do
counted on' imperishable victory.! And, it is. not take her destined station 0n the scale of- social they cry aloud for retaliation on a foreign gov-
a little surprising, the politicians of England progression ernment, .for the insult and injury of a citizen ?
swho chose to discriminate between right and -.But, should we not turn our eyes nearer it must be attempted las he imprisoned ? iHe
viong, between the difference of an insurrec- hornet ? 1 flatter myself the invitation is not must be retrieved. Do they require aconstitu.
tion and a evolution, between, a child writhing. disagreeable. For, we must all accord in prin. tional change ? It must be made. Are their
in a mother's arms, and a full grown youth par. ciple,however we may disagree in settling minor fortunes driven at the unascertained and loose
r ming the murderous blow of a parent, predict- points of prudence. A judiciously regulated limits of private and public inmmunities ? They
cd, from the successfmd triumphs of the Eng'- neutrality is, indisputably, the wisest policy on masust undergo the re-examination and re-cor--ec-
lihn,, hAle total loss of their power. Sopredieted our part : and yet it would be extraordinary, tion of reform. In every department of their
Chatham, and Fo., and Burke They disre- if we did not sometimes differ, as to its extent, institutions civil and military, even from the
guarded the pomp ad brag of the minionss ofa or its'dration. construction of the most trivial law, to tlhe now
,k ng! They permitted thlcnmselves to thinklike But, barely as a justification of the theory I .- mutilated, but vital character of a treaty-
men! The example should not be lost upon have laid down, 1 might challenge any one to inuiking power, we will find them in our own day
you. Treasure it as a lesson, of how impossible -answer, what will be the probable result of the touching the defect with an efficient remedy,
it is for slaves to subdue freemen,'if they are struggles.in South America ? At this instant, and,-beyond the natural extent of our lives, they
resolved to be free and how natural it is to if we are rightly informed the Patriots' cdnsti- will continue to alter and amend, when it is pro-
doubt, but how miserable a thing is fear / 1 am lute a formidable power, while some provinces per, to suit a wiser and a more prosperous or-
aware, it may be said, our fathers had the arm ire wholly independent. Even while I speak, der of things.
of France on one side, and the countenance of the shouts of victory are yet quivering upon It would be trespassing too deeply ou your
Holland o,_ the other. But their confidence their lips I In Chili, the royal flag has fallen, patience, to enter at large into a subject of this
rested on a: broader and a deeper base It we and nota vestige of its domination is left! Anoth- sort, that is almost incxhaustable, from the var-
are indebted to Fruance, .in whose lively and er and another confederate is. added to an 'in- iety of incidents attached to it, and growing out
elastic .onstioution is imbued the vigor and the vinscible union! They may now triumphantly of its investigation. But, from the view I have
texture of every people, we are lar more in den:;u'd of thie foreigner, if -uch a people presented, you see \ hat is, and must ever be,
iuebteld tf o'r te conservation of olir privileges, -were formed fur slaves ." .What the aduinims- the not less peculiar than cu'ieble lot of our
to that"' r`ck tl o .r t- ovation," the old.coinfede- traction of justice is we do not precisely know,: political stmte. In fine, you have nothing to
racy. I will agree, thei- burenumc of France was But an American, in addressing his fi-iend in 'ear-neither the turpitudtle of a dem.gogie,]or
ati acquisition to us It might be asserted, in a this country, says, it reminds him oJ'f the seat of the amb tion of a tyrant Your Representation
figurative sense, that shl iid been bred in Eu- his ancesto's. Gloriunis news! -do they so can never become rotten, 'tor your Executive
rope, amid thie schools ofnationalm law, and took eamly begin to gather the fruits of liberty ? Ah! infallible The arts of election rnay b< put in
from the precedents, wlhiich surrounded It r', tlie a republican sinmplic.ty, before even the color motion, but no man can ever resort to a mnanage-
ummshakens right of welcoming anew member in- of the royal rohe is forgotten! Oh daughters ment, by bribery and barter, that will at ail
1.0 thlie family of nations. I will go further, and of the nouth y,.ur tears shall be dried, and produce any material change in the result. No!
concede to the warrior she sent us, the. well- your broken hearts will be healed They may your soil, your arts, and your commerce, are
earned laurel that enfibres and flourishes be- now touch the standard of liberty,and call their teeming upon you every comfort, and you have
uneatih his silver locks Yet nsmore- if upon our persons sacred And shall not South America, scarcely a temptation lefl Your ccnstitutiorti
'patriarch Washington we bestow the glory of too, have her Washuington, her Franklin, her uas opened to you, al-ke, the r,,oads to distintc-
thie .ounider of a maignifirent republic, to his Adams, her Henry, and her Jefferson ? Will mion, and the means to success are inv, ,"at(- J
rtmnnd and coadjutor La Fayette we will give no Conscript l'uathers presile in her last and by the apprehensuon and abhorrerm -,.; :c 'c
the, almost equally, glorious appellation of thIe eventful cniinil ? I hope so! I trust in God Or ifthis fails, your laws are so well p a. i,:,
philanthropist of tlhe world. there will! I believe she will be wise and cau- and your Press so ably directed, :;se ign;re iny
I teel tie very miientiouin o: these thingsto have tious as to the form of her government. This of detection and punishment wou'-l fright' i the
umeited a quicker pulse in my heart. Perhaps, much is certain, sihe has had her despotism, anil oldest offender irom the perpeiati.: of his
die rejection of how rapid has been thle lapse i witnessed the violence of its panic andil the hor- crimes! !
,t time, that every year has carried with it a j ror of its catastrophe. It would be a stringe: Go on in your course Your fellow inmen will
cw of our trusy veterans ; that, ere muny suns i conclusion, if, too, with her own bitter exnemi- in you T'ley will assist you to intertwine the
.-:hll set, they must all fade from our longing ence and our example looking her in thle uace, chaplet of the revolution patriot, with the kin.
view, has imparted to mie an emotiiou, which, I after tigliting through the s- raits of tyranny, and dried branch of its wreath !-And, ifagricultu: e
.'onitess, is irrepressible. Yes, Fathers of thie reclaiming the home of her parentage, aie canl endow if commerce can enrich-if sci-
.t-viution, we,ifave mourned our Washiington, I should relapse into a baser communion with -nce can maintain a social progression, and I
indc we have but ew of you Ii lue fron whiini we profligacy, and lend her treasures to the prodi. think it is demonstrated that it can, you wil


'an now catch the light of his lamp May the gal profusions of ambition. But of this, can have your sister South America by one hand,
.od lit l eavenr Iong preserve you, and the re- there exist the least scepticism ? I argue, it the and, at some remote era, the now morally pa!.
ia.mdeli-r'ic tu i be chleercd by the conso-' Patriots hail, it will be a fleeting calamity, alt -l cd hand of Europe will be stremtchiug forth
.auMn of tje hih'i, i- that now -thcken round the oldest amongst us will live to see tim effects i.i you the Olive of her friendship, as a proof
your dechlilig .heads,and the "solace of tl*qtan- .' i social progrev'siou, striding every obstl-cle of her redemption, asd her admiration of your
ticipation'sw'hich dwells upon the gratilud'e and the attainment of that point, where indp-pn- itepuhlic.
reverence if posterity., ti uce would repose, and reason be satisfied.