<%BANNER%>

UFPKY



National intelligencer
ALL ISSUES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS MAP IT! PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00012
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: February 17, 1818
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00012
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text













VOL. X'IX. TUESDAY, F E 'R U A Y 2c~l~ IY1, N).'l


: PUBLISHED lY GALES & SEATrON,
STISE TIMES A WEEK,
Al Sic Doila.rs a year, pail in advance.
No subscription received for a shorter term than one
year. ,
Those who do not, either at the time of subscrib-
ing or subsequently, give notice of their is. to
have the paper discontinued at the .expiration of
thciryesr, will be presumed as desiring its continu-
ance until countermanded, and it will be continu-
ed accordingly at the option of tWe Editors.

MONDAY, FEBRUARY 16.

F'ROM THE tEORGIAJOUURNAL.
The Contractor's Agent having tiled .to comply
with it;e requisitions et General Gaines,for subsist-
j,g the United States' troops and the Georgia
militia under General -Giasock-aud the co i-
mlanuding General having tobuld it iniyraeticable to
obtain funds without submitting to a discount, unau-
thorised, and as. lie conceives. improper-and- be-
lieving it to be unsafe to discharge any part of theI
'militia, while the frontier settlements of this state
are menaced by the savages, has applied to the Go-
yernor, we undQterstand, for the lo.anoften thousand
dollars, in addition to the sums already advanced,
for the porvihase uof radios and other supplies. It
begins to be time, 'we thilk, ibr'thi-Gouneral GOAv-
been received, to attend to this subject. :1tis enough
ftr Georgia to furnish all the militia, without being
obliged also, to supply the requisite fuids for carry-
ing on the war. General Gaines,- we are inbform-
ed, is fully authorized to follow the hostile lu-
dians over the line, and attack them within Florida,
unless they shelter themselves under a Spanish
.post." '. '
That part of the above paragraph
which relates to the imputed omission of:
the government to furnish funds we notic-
ed in our -last, by stating that ample funds
had been remitted to supply the army
with provisions, transportation, kc. These
of course had not arrived, when the pa-
ragraph in the Journal was penned; on
-Which it may be remarked, hiowevcr,
that the War Department could not know
the deficiency until informed of it, and
thatwhen apprized of it,. provision was
promptly made to meet it, in the manner
!reaoy stated.
That the People of Georgia; should be d
soi severely taxed by requisitions on their
Militia, we are sure ;is a subject of as
much regret to those who administer,
the gov-rnment, as itis to us and to all
*with whom we have conversed on the i
.subject. Bu: it is an evil without .rerne- f
4y, resulting from the geographical po- I
sitio of the state, by which the enemy is ]
brought to its door.. Those militia near-
est to tihetheatre of hostilities became li- i
able to be called out to.aid in terminating.
them ; not however all from Georgia, for '
Tennessee has. with.alacrity: volunteered ,
the. quota which would otherwise, have
been detached from that state. It would
e.. bJe qn deijtajtjllei indeed, that that
force .which is educated and inui d to
war, :and maintained at the public ex-
perise, should have-been exclusively em-
ployed in this service, instead of the hus-
bandaman and the artist being called forth d
from- their peaceful occupations to tra-
verse pathless morasses, and penetrate A
the Indian coverts. But who does riot ,d
see, that,it is impossible, out of a military e
peace establishment so small as that of f
the United States, to concentrate at a t
point in the extreme South, with the nlie-
cessary dispatch, three or four thousand
raen from the extreme north, fiom Peon- ,
Tia, from Detrqit, from the shores of On- 1
tario,:from the garrisons which fringe the
ocean ? Besides, that to do so would not
leaveto the posts in those parts of thecoun- e
try even a sufficient number of men to take
a- ae o the-puhli--p'opwet. There---a
tachment ofthe regulars with ien.Gaines,
of what number we do not precisely t
know, but sufficient we presume to form P
a nucleus to the Militia, who must, from j
the nature of our Institutions, forbidding f
a large standing ariny, be relied upon to i
furnish the.principal part of the force re- y
quired on sudden occasions. When d
called out, however, it appears to us, it n
should be to rtrnin in the field till the oc- s
casion haspasstd away: under the system tI
which a regard to the.domebtic privations o
of tlminilitia-men has suggested, of short o
1teA is of service, the militia are discharg- d
ad at the moment they are most fit for
-'service. b
With regard to Gen. Gaines's instruc- A,
tions, if he have such as are relei eijd o by '
the Editors of the Journal, we are sorry
.t. see them so publicly disclosed ; be- t
.cause the publicity may itself defeat the
object of the instruction. s

NEW-YORK, FEn. 13. i ,
The U. S. sloop of war Hornet is fit- iT
ting out at this' port for a voyage. We Fi
understand she is ordered to Cape Henry, ii
1-ayti, to demand restitution for property o
belonging to' American merchants, u.- d
justly seized by Christophe, some years a
since. It is rumored that Conmmnodore f
Lewis goes out as agent of the United it
States. .
HFOLK, FtB. 12. a


: We learn from a gentleman who has
lately arrived in town, that the Bueros
Ayrean brig El Patriota, (forme-rly the
Fourth of July,) Corn. Taylor, has captu-
red, off the Canaries, 24 sail,one of which
. was a Spanish Galleon, having on board
A illicn" and a ,'a of dollars with
- w:ich she had. an action of 2 hours and
.22 mih tes, on the 2d of December. The
-Patriota -had 5 i-iiled and 9 wounded;
among whom the Commodore himself,
slightly. .


Ne's/idfiaper'Rewort9.-We :find it cur-.
rently reported in the newspapers, .that
Mr. Gallatin is about to retire from the,
situation of our.Minister to France ; and,
as it is said in private conversation, that,
with all his well-known economical ha-
Jbits, he. has, like every other Minister
whom we have sent abroad, found the
salary of his office wholly inadequate to
his support, the rumor of his intended re-
turn is possibly not without foundation.
It is probable there is less foundation
for the various rumors, whatever plausi-
bility the merits of the gentlemen na-
med nay g:ve to them, .respecting Mr.
Gallatin's successor, who- certainly has
not been designated, even in thought, be-
fore the intention of Mr. G., to retire is
ascertained.

In addition to the list of visitors to our
city, of a public character, given a few'
days ago, we can mention the names of
Judge Van .Ness, of New-York, Judge
Lucas, of Missouri, Col. Lawrence, Col.
Jessup, Gol1 Wool, and Maj. A'Donaid,
of the army, and Captains Elliotand, A ;-
cholson, of the navy.
---- -
Official accounts, by. way of Charleston,
.leave no room for a doubt f the fate of
the unfortunate MINA, it any yet remain-
ed. He was sh6t, pursuant to orders
from Apodaca, the Vice-Roy, on the top
of the hill Bllaco, at' that time the Head
Quarters of Field Marshal de Linau.

It is remarkable (says the Boston Dai-
ly Advertiser) that in such a country as
Friiance there should be published, by or-
der of the House of Deputies, a complete
list of the pensioners of the government,
with-the amount of their several pensions.
This list is printed in 10 vols. 4to. The
whole, number of pensioners is 196,205,
and the amount of pensions 63,595,003
francs, equal.to about 11,924,000 dollars.
The greater part of: these pensions are
paid for services rendered Bonaparte, and
either were granted before the restora-
tion, or have been granted to the milita-
ry who0 have since retii'ed from service.
The pensioners are thus divided into
three classes. "
Personas. .mount. Average.
Ciil 7 .,78 2,224,682f. 295f.
%illitiu-v & widows 13s2.98 48,,S i 1.84 371
Eeetesrastics 55,505 12,il.h9',8t7 ..3'2 ;
S" 196,205 3,595,003'.
No pension granted since the restore.
ion exceeds 6000 franks.

On the arrival of Governor BiaB in
Alabama, he was greeted with much cor
diality by the citizens.. Those who have
enjoyed the pleasure of his acquaintance
or several years in public life will not feel i
uninterested in the following intimation '
if his future prospects, t
At a public dinner given to him at St. t
Stephen's on the 18th December, the fol- S
owing toast was drank among others.
"His Excellency WILLIAM W. BIBa-we C
tail with pleasure Isis arrival amongst us as our a
'llr.;t; l tI.itc ; Ni, faithful and zealous servi
c:- have ridj.rd hm dear to the nation."
After which the Governor rose, and t
daresseted lse co-mTpany-asT'Ollows: -
"Permit me, Gentlemen, to thank you for
he very flatteringsentiment you have.u st ex- r
dressed, anId for the very kind reception with f
which'you have honored me, and at the sarne r
ime, to add, that I anticipate much satisfactioni c
rom our future intercourse and acquaintance.
come among you-a stranger; but I beg
ou to be assured, that I bring with me the best
disposition to cultivate your good will, and pro- t
mote the interestof your Territory.-. My of- r
spring will be reared, and thle remainder of my n
days spent, among you; I shall at all times feel
he welfare of the country identified with my
,vn. To advance its prosperity will be the v
bject of my constant solicitude, of my best ehi-
eavors. I greet you, Gentlemen, most cordial- v
y on the commencement of our acquaintance, c
nd will giveyou a toast-The Territory of .lla-
aina. it is destined to be a distinguished mem-
'-rofithe lmeriican Fanly."
.t
The two important maritime towns in ij
he Floridas are St. Augustine and Pen- s
acola.-These, though small, must be u
xceedingly old, as we find that as far t
ack as 1507 St. Augustine was a flour-
shing little seaport, under the French. o
'hey held it for many years; and Sir o
?rancis Drake, who was scouring the seas a
n that neighborhood, made an attack up- c
Sit in 1536, but with what success we c
o not know at present. It was sacked b
n 1665 by the pirates, who swarmed in t;
nd about the West-India Islands. The tI
english again attackedit in 1702. While t
n the possession of t'e English, a singu-
ar plan of colonization was adopted.-
5,0oo00 Greeks, part from the Morea
nd the adjacent islands, were brought to
"or-ida, and built a town 70 miles from
t. Augustine. called New-Smyrna, They
ndeavored to create a revolution, but
tiled. The Floridas, after being in
osses-ion of Spain, France and England,
as finally restored to Spain ; and there
every reason to believe that they will
come our property. and not transfera-
ble hereafter to any foreign pover.
[la/tional Advocate. sn


PIN'rlTNG,
OF EVEYT DESCRIPTION, EXECUTED Al
'ruts orrFIe.


'TO T' Eur sros or sT E IATOSAL ISTSL.-

The De'il amanrithe tailors.
Geitlemen--There is a ni;glry pr(
pensity growing up o1f late, t, in jclti
Congress. for aliniost evcry thing ith
world. Whenever people a.int iaid, tic
petitions Congress; .whenever any ,rt
evolution of commerce or change irr tl
relations of different parts of the woril
ci'curnscribes the trade 4f arny pa itiila
class of men, they immediately .,p.titioi
Congress. Nay, Messrs. Editors, jf an on
reasonable woman chooses to bless lie
spouse with some nineteen or twenti-j
children, Congress is called upon to sane
tion this enormity, by giving a lbounty ii
lands, for the encouragement of all spe
cial breeders.- ,All seem to want etclu.
sive bounties or. exclusive p, Ivlc .-
the hatter petitions for a monopoly ot hatt
-the shoemaker for a monopoly '.lijt
-and so with almost every class oftrades-
men. Instead of fairly entering into a
competition with forti-n riMtf'-rlures.
ta'd beatirit, tlhem ouit of th i a I ki t, 'they
probably find it much easier to acquire,
by petitioning Congress, lth salutary pri-
vilege of niaking their ftaes as. bad as
possible and selling themafbr any price
they. please.
This is pleasantly called making the
country independent, by ar approved mo.
dern patent method, ..that ist say by :ia-*
king three fourths of the people depen-
dent on the other, for almost all the conve-.
niences of life. But I dint ,i..r to enier
into this extensive subj ct. My present
business is with the tailor who have, as
I perceive, g-atEcrtd tliheTclves together
in Philadelphia, and most manfully deter-,
mined to besiege Congress i.ith thimble.
and needle, to pass a law prohibiting the
importation of ready made cl ithes Now,
ready made ,foreign clothes are already
saddled with an immense duty,; and yet it
passed under my personal observation,
not four months ago in Pliladdphii, that
ready made imported English waistcoats,
in every respect equal to those made by
our tailors, were bought by more than one
gentleman, for less than one-half the,
price charged by those exceedingly mo-
dest petitioners. The same disproportion
was observable in coats and pantaloons.
Now, gentlemen, it is worth while to
enquire, why such things are.? Taxed
as every thing is in England up to thqi
eyes, how happens it that, with all the
costs of importation, added to a most
heavy duty here, ready made clothes can
be sent to this country and sold at half
the price of domincicL arti-.le if the saiine
kind-? How n;,ppers n, ... iiart while!
every material employed in making these
cloths"-' has fallen so enormously in this
country,there should be so little difference
in the price of coats, &c, at this time, and
when the materials were fifty per cent.
dearer ? The secret of thb riddle will be
found in the fact of every tailor's grow.
ng rich in a few years by :he inordinate
usurious profits he exacts from his cus-
emers. It is these profits ihat they wish-
o have secured to them, b1 act of Con-
gress, solely no doubt or the score of
maintaining the indepenchnce of their
countryy I Patriotism, gentlemen, carries
broad mantle like charity, that covers at
east oNg half the wiles of selfishness from
he broad glare of sunshine. It is under
his convenient cloak lthatpeople petition
congress, flor the iri. 'ige. f rendering
millions of consumers tributary to the in-
lexible cupidity of every class oftrades-
men, or manufacturers, as they choose to
call themselves, in this age of big
tords."
But, to the point. I happen to be nei-
her merchant, cobbler, tailor, tanner, or
manufacturer of any kind. I belong to a
numerous class of men in this country :
mean the people who wear clothes-
when they can get them-certainly no
mall portion of the community, and
ithal possessing a reasonable claim to
common justice. Now, sirs, if these tai-
ors should succeed in stitching Congress
nto-the folds of this unreasonable peti
ion they design to present, instead of get-
ing themselves bastid out of tihe house--
f, I say, they should succeed in their con-
piracy against the :ig ht?,ofmen-what.to
Use the language of a great. orator, among
he ancients--"' What will become of our
past posterity--what, sir, will become of
ur future ancestors-what will become
f the wearers of capeless skirtless coats,
nd Cossack breecies ? What. will be-
ome of the people who wear four waist-
oats to their backs, each with broach and
reast-pinl dight, solely for the benefit ot
these unreasonable tailors? Sir, were
these men to petition me, I would answer
ith the poet,-
" Avaunt, and quit my sight,
. Thy shears are edgelsa- .
"-Thou hast no thread and needle in those paws,
SThat thou dost stitch withal!
Appioach thou like the dingy chimney sweep,
With rug and scraper-.
Or dare me to i;,. l..,[...r.-,, l with thy shears- "
Sif.trenibling tIi-,tI,,, r. r ,ot(st me
Tlie very botch of a button .hble-
Hence, horrible taiLor--hence !"
Yours. geitilemen,
n11BY o BREECHES.


Sh Inthelist we published on Saturday of
eakers in the Senate, pn the bill making pro-
sion for the surviving officers and soldiers of
e revolutionary army, we inadvertently omit-
d the name of Mr. C^-is, who was a strenuous
Ivocate of the bill.


EUROPEAN COLONIES.

As the subject of trade with foreign co
- lonie-s is about to become a t<.pic o
- .h.cu .oAn ii Coongress, it is not amiss t
u place before our readers the l.l..j-mn,, lis
of Euroipeia .Colonies, which app'care.
in the. loston Gazette a shoirttime agi
The Colonies of Fn.ci Kand'EIxGLANi
j only are enumerated. .Ve could havi
wished that those of the other European
Sa'atcs had also been given, to make thI
n- list toun,..te. The names of the com
r mandcirs are not important-the dates o
settlement of the Ch,.n-c w.,ulJ hav<
. been more so: but, fiT.31ii then with the
list, we copy them also.
R IENCH COLONIES.
" .. .I' "i t r.":,I ".-t "
.Aames. Commanders.
Martinique Cotnt de V ;,', ud*
Guaddaloupe CuntdeLra. u
S InI America. .
" St.P.,-,i c Mi.i.,. M. Bourilan '* -
a .In India.
. -Ponidicherry Count da Ptay
Srikal :'. ..C uosi ot _lereie
Mane v. rle :-
Yanaon. '- M..Copurn
Muzalipatnam Ml, aw iL ClaperioOux
* Chandernagor : Dayot
Isle of BouSrbon M.D. d Co'urteil ""
.In Afica..
.n ,- l, &c. .M. ,chonaltz


The last accouii,' I. ,.1 F, .r,.. r.r:,,;n],,, 1. i
a successor had bei, ,->;,..t J tu tldn i, ot : .i-.

BRITiSH COLONIES.
In .Eiro/e. -
-Gibraltar U I.1, .rK.,t
i-' ita .. .... _. u nl.. .. .X M^tliut ".
ihligoland Lt .1. n, I
In America. .
Lower Canada S. Su J C. Sherbroke
Upper Canada F. An 'r: -. Gore; Es.q.
Nova Scotia. Ljil ..I IJalhousie
Nei B-runswick 'Gem.Geao. S. Synth
Prince.Edward Island Clih.D. Smith
Cape B'-I Ln Geo. R. Ainslie, Esq.
Newfoundland Francis Pickimore, tbq.
Jamaica 1 Duke of'Manchester
Barbadoes rd Conebermae
Antigua Gen VG. Ramnisay.
Moitserrat Samuel P.Stvewart, Esq.
St. Christophers Thomas Probyn, Esq.
Nevi Win. Boothby,-Esq.
Virgin Islands Lt. Col.Bathurst
Deinerara & Essequibo Major Ge', Murray .
Berbice :.. CharlesW., Bentinck
Trinidad Sir R. J,. Woodford
Girenada Major Gen. Rial
Tobago Sir F. P. Robinson
St. Vincents *: Sir Ch. Brisbane-
St. Lucia Maj. Gen. Seymore
Dominica: Lt. Col. Maxwell
Bermuda Sir James Cockbuih
Bahama. d Chas. Cameron, Fsq.
Tortola : Sir George Youing
Marigalante Capt. Thomfa ..Cole
In Asia,) frca, &c.
Ceylon Sir' obert Biowning
Amboyna :Win B.M.l,mr n, LA...
Cape of Good Hope Lord C. H. Somnerset
Isle of France Rbbt,. Farquhar, Esq.
Cape Coast Castle Edw. WV. White, Esq.
New South Wales Gen. L. Macquifire
Sierra Leone. Charles Macarthy, Esq.
Besides these, the English have garrisons on
the rocks of St. Helena and Ascis.oasn.


EXPORTS OF, THE U. STATES.

REPORT TO CONGRESS,
Treasury Defpartment,
16th January, 1818.,
StI-I have the honor to transmit a
statement of the exports of the United
States, during the year ending the 30th
September, 17, amounting, in value, on
articles
Of domestic produce or ma- .
nutfacture, to ." 868,313,500
Of foreign produce or ma-
nufacture, to. 19,358,069

87,671,566

Which articles appear to have been
exported to the following countries, viz.
.Domestic. Foreign.


To the northern coun-
tries of Europe'
To the dominions of the
Netherlands
Do. of Great Britain
Do. of France
Do. of Spain
Do. of Portugal
All other,


3828563
3397775
41431168
9717423
4530156
1501237
39-7178
68313500


I have the honor to be, very re
ly, sir, your most obedient servi
WVILLIAM H. CRAY
The Hon. the Speaker of the.
House .f Representatives.

[Accompanying this report ar
derailed statements, of which th
ing abstracts appear the most ma
Statement of .Expsits, the firodiucer'an
ture of the Unit -d S,'tte, comment.
day qf .Octobei, 1816, andm eling oa
day of 'eptember, 1817
SL'ECIES OP stuCIIANsiZE.
Fish, dried or smoked
pickled
ditto
Oil, spermaceti
whale and other fish
Whalebone
Spermaceti candles
Wood, staves and heading
singles
hoops and poles
boards and plank
hewn tirabur
lumber of all kinds
masts and spars
oak baik and other dye
all maitulictures of
Nav.al stores, tar
pitch
rosin
turpentine


>f
0-
o
S
d
t.
D'
e

n


Ashes, pot
pearl
Skins and furs'
Ginseng
-Pork
itn., -.i] bacon'
1., luh
I i i t r *' ,,r
Cheese
Lar-d
HIides .
Hbroned cattle.
Horses -
Slules .


15443ita
42286a
68780-J
10t-536



i ,21, 7
166683
9,594
S 78613
4;3396
118)'12


,. ep,. ". .. .. : ",42l2(
S .: '- 551'
S I'... y 6 3
SWheat 91
Indian corn 58l
Rye 2127

Beans 415
ata-ley 4: .". 093
Areas .
Potatoes 72 4
Apples '- 42192
lr iti. -,. ,, .-. *- .. : 1 77 1,76
S.,'eatl, rye 24536
Indian 747341
i.Lt.747e34t -1
-".:r,-t: .: -,-. 357
t, or, u:e.C 413364
4do. do. 50i55
Rice 2378880
Indigo :
C...ttu n, S M i r. .e. 3 4'.
Tobacco :
Itops
Mustard
W ax. ". .
Household furniture '
Coaches and other marriages. .
Hats .. .
Saddlery
Beer,porter.and cider, in casks a ;..;
B '. .' in bottles : J 78
Baolsot .-: .'-. --. -. -371
Shiies, leather ; 250
Candies, taliow. : 16128
Soap '
Sta h .. 42
Sniff 540
Tobacco, manufactured .278969
Leather 1503:
Lead ...
MapIe sugar
Bricks ..,.
Spirits fi-om grain.. .., .1
Essence of bark :- 22
Liuseed oil 14535
.'ii Lt,- ofi'ti.-, u"nie 19245
L.,-,:. .d .j e 158340'
Iron, pig t ,t: ": O
'bar 2' : ." 255
nails. 47J03
castings. 2; 82
Small oi er manufactures of iron, &c. 45942
Spirits, hromi molasses 25'k021
Stgar, refined 36i104
C ..I..:t, ei- 3 32U39
Copper and brass, and copper
mainufactured 8765
MeCdiinal drugs 'J 3
Merchandise, and all articles not enumerated
inanufictured 34-9237
raw .produce 385349
Total value of the foregoing
Statement, 68,313,500


Sulnmary of the valve ofeja-po-tsfr.om cach state,
'.STATES. DOntsLESTI'. OttICSe. TOTAL.
Newn Hampshire' 170539 9 .6825 l.i-i.
Vermont 913201 .- 93is2o
Miassaelusetts 5908416 6019581 119-27907
lhode Island 577911- 372556 9504.G7
Coi)itneuicut 574290 298-9 ti04139
New York 1366d0733 504G700 18707433
New Jersey 5849 5349
Pennsylvania 5538003 31975S9 8735592
Delaiware 387.71 -01)83 L85t
Mfi'yland 5887884 33460460 893930
Distri-et ofColumhlia 1889102 79556 1768658
Vireinia 5511,238 60204 5G21442
Nohilh Carolina 955211 1369 951S580
-l-a t.a-o.t -ti'r 0'-.I i- 4. 1 u7>.', 13
Georgia '5;. ..'t
Ohio 7749 -- 7749
Louisiana 8241254 783558 9024812
TerritoryofU.States 108115 108115
'Total 68313500 193580G9 87671562


AIILLEDGEVILLE, JAN. 31.
Copy of a letter from Gtn. AMitchell, asent


S9 /bfor Indian affairs, to Go-v. Robun, dated
2790408 Creek Agency, 28th Jan.. 1818.

2387543 DEAlt SIR-1 have but barely time to
2037074 announce to you the execution of a treaty
2717395 with the Creeks on the 22d instant, by
3893780 which they have ceded to the United
519283 States, for the use of Georgia, two con-
I 198 -siderable tracts of land. The one lying
193580'9 to the east side of a line -o be run from
what is usually called Jackson' Treaty
cspctful- Line, by the head of a creek called by the
ant, Indians Alcasacaiikie, a. direct ania Yte
WFORD. nearest course-to T6 e Ocrulgee river.
The creek referred to empties into the
Ocmulgee some where near the BigBend,
re seer and not far above Blackshear's road, but
re fov how far the head of it extends is uncer-
e follow- tain, although from its size being consi-
aterial :] durable, it >m>ust of course throw the line

Snan c considerably above its mouth. The other
n the 30th tract lies between the .Ulcofouhatchie,
the Appalachies and Chatalhoichie, and
VAT.uE. is said to be- of considerable extent and
g1003178 value.
266556 The price stipulated for the two tracts
50'3163 is one hundred and tweity thousand dol-
1130Ou
2U4t4.14 lars.
73-1. I expect to leave this for Georgia the
10097U0 first fair day, and will then have the plea-
557740 sure of presenting for your consideration,
4662671 an exposition of facts and circumstances,
1731520 attending the present state of affairs in-
13727 'the Creek Nation, upon which you can
162751 rely; for, I perceive by the public papers,
69724 that, as usual, false imprebssiots are en-
186320 tertained, and mere conjecture taken for
M0238 real acts.
20945 I am, dear sir, with great esteem and
20095 respect, your very obedient servant,
202081 D. B. M'ITCHELL, .gent fr I. ,












I.EPORT ON COLONIAL TRADE

-HUSF, OP REPRkESVNTATIVES,
I~ Cat ARtr 9. .
ienort of the Committee to whom was referred
that part of the President's .Message, wluc
relates to the Commercial Intercourse of th
'United States with the British West Indi
lalands and N(orth American Colonies, and a
so oil the petition of sundry inhabitantiof di
ferent parts of the Ditlridt of Maine, on th
mire subject.
The committee to whom was referred tha
prt of the President's Message, which relate
'to the coinmmerci:dl intercuilrsa of the Unite
States witi tile British .West India Islands, anr
N orth American colonies; and also tie petitio
of the inhabitants of different parts of tile ) i
trict of Maine, .on the. same subject, report
That, by the statement marked A, annexed t
this report, it appears that the average- aomun
of duties upon merchandise, .annually imported
into' the U. States from the British West lnuh
islands, & North American colonial possess.;rs
from 1802 to 1816, excluding the period froi
the commencement of the restrictive system t
the termination of the late war, exceeds tw
millions of dollars. The value of this nierchan
dise upon which these duties accrued, is suj
posed to be equal to seven millions of dollar
per annum. The statement B, shows that ti
average annual aniount'of exports to the same
places, principally of domestic production, t
to 1817, excluding the time of the-operation
the restrictive system, and the continuance i
the war, have exceeded six millions five hu,
dred thousand dollars. The statement C, show
That in the yoar 1815, thT amiiount of duties Or
*" n -a-ercldlisanpot-ed-' nAmr ficiian vessels f-ro
the British West India islands and orth Ant
rican colonial possessions, was, to the amount o
duties on merchandise imported in Britishl ve
sel- as one to foul; in 1816, as one to fire and
half,or two to eleven. Taking the rabio of 1816 a
the basis of caltilation,andit is-believed toaffrb
the .safest aid mroost solid, as past experiencec
shows a constant diminution of the amount o
duties oil goods imported in vesseJs of the Uni
ed States, it is estimated, supposing the sam
proportion exists in the exports, that Amer'.i
vessels are used il the transportation annual
of2,177,924 dollars worth of, ,er.-,,.n-.' e, an
British vessels 11,322,076 dollars worth 6f th
most bulky articles, of commerce, one half e
which are of the growth, production or ii..i,
facture of the United,States. This inieqaahl
in the advantages of this commerce, to tile iju
vy' of the navigating interest of this country,
ties from the rigorous enforcement of the colo
lnial .ystetm of Cr6st Bli;in, ai t.l, l, Uniie"
ne0, while it is related to all ohLtr nation
whbo are friendly to the British empire, an
-ave colonial possessions. Thle portion of" th
eanrmL rcC v'zir. a c.'- i tnl i 1. American ves
Eel, a ri a 'r'.rni lacif'.il arit temporary suo
pensions of the system which the governors o
the islands, &Sc are permnfitted, under the press
sure of dire necessity, to direct-an eniploy
nmeht for our seamen and vessels, precarious
and momentary, rather irritating and tantalizin
than profitable. This intercourse appears t
the committee in thle worst possible state, a
it regards the navigation, of.the United States
while it is' in the best for'that of Great .Hritain
Justice and policy require, oh the part of ever
wise government, its best exertions to secure
to its own citizens a perfect equality in th
transportation of merchandise, w th the people
of every nation respectively, with whom it ha
commercial intercourse- Some government
are governed by a policy more contracted, de
siring to give to their navigators the exclusiv-
transportation. of their native products, wvlil
they desire to parttcip-Me inr carrying th
productioiis of il er c..,n'r,nc. The commit
fue are satisfied that-the United States will nev
er be goveriied by the selfish views of the latte
class, but trust that it 'has not been, .nor. will i
ever be, r rdl' i..--f the just motives bf th
former e -,: tr it : a duty to protect the navi
gating interest. This duty can be perform
inl relations to thile subject of this report,by a con
critional stipulation w.th Great Britain, forme.
upon the basis of reciprocity, or by legislative
-acts, operating .exclusively against the ,Brtish
navigator engaged in this trade. With the' firs
Smode this House has no further, concern, thai
to know that the other branch of the govern
inent has perforimed its duty. Repeated and
hitherto unavailing applications have been made
to the British government. It is ot, however
surprising, that they .have been, unsuccessfi]l
since no adequate mor.ive at present exists, t
'induce G ret: Britain' to arranlge thi- intercouri.s
by conveiinti. The offer contained i the ar
Sticles an'nexedtfotltis report, the most ration
and reiilprocally av:i'aniatedus .f a-, .,-
made, may be c6ii-dxt;d.i ,,I .i .r .r J ya .pi4,
of" .ocorniodatoii; wlii .ini,,1, the pressilr
of adequate motives, might be fostered into a
d.-r.rnuuinioa tO .1i .i.11 l a we could reason
ably .ia.k or 'l.' be expected to. yield. :The
three first articles, witlrsoine practicable modi
fications, would, by the Idaptation of our comr
msericial laws to the stipulation contained ii
them,'confining the cominierce.strictly.to those
articles which Americans were permitted to
carry, would place the trade upon as favorable
grounds as couid be expected. It would, nw
doubt,in a shorttimte, be followed by a complete
abandonment of the resIdue of the'present jea-
loaiss, stem of exclusion. The committee cannot,
however, but approve the prompt rejection of
this proposition,since th-se articles are connect-
ed with anotlieraltogetherinadmissible. without
a departurefriom wh t they deemnthe settled po-
icy ofthis country, in relation to the trade with
the Indians within its jurisdiction. The ilritisli
ministry, having assured this' government that
these articles were all that could be granted.
consistent with their opinions of the best inter-
est of the British empire, there is no. longest
-.n-4 r ffcting this desirable object by
negotiation. St si..4nntu*o-'n-cess tu deter''-
mine what course is to be pursued. If it were
possible to separate the interest of one class oh
the community from that of another, it must tie
o obvious that, however fial' to the naviga'tir
the present state ofthingas is not injuriiis to the
cultivator .of the.soil. The productions of his
labor are carried with facility to a ready market,
'and he receives in return all those articles which
taste arnd habit have rendered necessary to hit'
comfort. But this separation is inponsible, and
the necessary connexion between thle tmwo In-
terests is apparent, when it is remembered, thi t
thlie competit-on of American with'foreign navi.
nation is essential to keep down tie expense of
transportation always paid by.thlie cultivator and
consumer. If this injury, is not now appar-ent,
it will ultimately be felt when the total ruin. o
the navigating -interest will deprive us of the
power to remedy the evil. The committee for.
bear to press those important consrderationis if
Preparation for national defence so iniseparabl'
connected with tlibis'inquiry. They feel that
there is on this point bit one sentiment amonin
the represematiives orthie people and in thie oa-
t;in. E'-rer e[,,--, prrt pen -e m;r..,ii;,l1- for the
*gc.ry sl.J '" ,i' r c"-r nr ,Ty, ...i i l- cnnfi'dent'
,'lI deligIhtta' .i..Cciation olfruture renown, .all.
conspire to ensure lhe necessary sacrifices finor
the preservation andt interest of'the Seamen of
.t,,-United States'.: Thisobjectso far as it mas
Sbe promoted by a p-rticipation in the commer
Cialintercourse with the British American celo.'


nies, may beeffected "by a trifling ad teeipo- J1ISH EMIGRANT 'rlETrIuIN. -
rary sacrifice of the interests of agriculture. A -

4. slight knowledge of the situation of the British To thi Editors .of the .ahtopnul Intelligencer.
West l.dia colonies authorizes the' position, GEiTL.EMz N- 'Menmorials .have beeli
that a commerce with the 'nitved Statts is-es-
-sential to their prosperity, if not to their exist- presented to Congress, from various
ence. The best.inarket for the sale of their benevolent institutions,. formed for the
d sinrplus products is found here, while the grain, purpose" of assisting industrious emi,
h provisions, and lumber articles' of the first ne- grants from Ireland the memorialists
e cessity, received in return,ask Irodm Congress, that a credit may be
S'ternis infitel more advataeous thanthey gin emigrants actually ettli upon
are to be hald tor their use in lany other part of' givn to emigrants actuaty settnupon
f. the T orid But for occasional supplies of those' vacant lands', to be designated for the
oe articles from thle United States, some of the purpose. Although Congress have hither-
islanids would be deserted by. their inhabitants to ggrahted ti emigrants irom other, na-
atr a change produced i their agriculture, ruin-' tions aivorrs iuch greater than that now
es 6ius toitheir commercial iiterel. The people played fov"tr jeclihis, ot course, present
of the United States arm in a ve-v different situ- ye cti o course, present
d ation. The British West Inla market is con- them selves. It is on this account that I
n venient, but not necessary t, their accombda- request" you to have the goodness to pub-
Stion. All the articles inimpor'ed from then can lis nthe annexed extracts from a letter,
S be procured abundantly, r np.i terms equally at. written by tlie association formed at New
o vantageous from other queers. 'The annexed York, to tht established at Philadel-
it tables, marked 1.) and E, show the amouflt of
dt imports of the chief articles of th eir product phila. M.
is from the British West Indies, &c. and tihe piro- The committee of the Irish Emigrant Asso-
porti n it bears to the whole amount of imports citation in this city, have' received your com--
m of similar articles from other West India islands,. municationu withi4elings of, the niost friiendly
o &c. Many of these can be, and are procured and respectful consideration, and have dleputied
o from others quarters of the world, with which lthie undersigned.to make known to you their
n- co -. merce in American vessels is not restrained. sentiments onilthe subjects to which it relates.
The demand f.-r all can be supplied wiLhout a As, to the mode of settlement, you seem
Pr recourse to the British West India islands, and to entertain doubts, whether it be adyviseable
e a supply from other qi sarterswill be obtained to plant co6notes, that is, collect together in one
by tie enmpiotment of American vessels'.andl place the ermigiants from the same country ; or
p American seamen, in-common with the vessels leave, it oplIen to comers from every nation
of and seame n of the country from which it may n vilhqul t hw. i ;.ii, ia id tern let then amalga-
of be brought. The only danger to b' ;-opret- t 'ate in ,-.. i.,, they c.'. Our judg-
n- l'i ded'is, that the cltiar, aurlosinig the 1Bt'si mnenttand our feelings lead us to prefer coloni.
West IndLia market /orthe stle of his exports, zati. .
n would lose with it the abiity to procure the 'this.question may. properly be considered
m cuomrmodti,'s he fiormerLy received inl retitrn. .,1 *,. t;,,- l. t i the emigrants themselves,
ie The -exteIt'f Tihis danger depends upon the a,..,- l t hit m-,. ,1i of tlhe coitry um which they
o. correctness of the position laii down--that this are ti e' iitorporated. As to the emigrants
s commerce is essential to the Britisli West India them)selves,'he iirst consideration is, how to
a islands, and only convenient to the United States. inake tl;entmi: i;pv. Eten their worldlyaSuccess
as If the'necessaries of life caIT only be, or are autd prBoeper-ty would be very unimportant, if
'l procured on terms ifit-itely mo- advantageous -hey did not tend. to acconp.ish that object.
e here than any where.e.lse, it follows they will :The mind isthe.seat ad source of ihappiless ;
of still be carried :o the British W\Vet Indies, if not let us then liok into the emnigrant's mind anti
t directly under a convention between the two'go- Natch his uolutions, if we wish to learn how-he
e vernments, circiitously,through some mututally Nh to be roadi'happyl. Alhbough domestic dis-
Sfrien ty port. It is perfectly true that the West tress, a spirit of adventure, 'o trie love of liber-,
Iy India islands are capable of producing all that ty, nay. ihduite him to abandon lhis native holtie;
Sis ecesatry for their owr subsistence; biut this yet he nLver; leaves the intabaants. tnat are
S must be at the expense t0 their commercial im- within it, orthie connexions that surround i,t,
o port'ncec; the abandonment of the most profit- without paig Ile' arrives in a strange coun-
i tble,. for, to them, an aiprofitable cultivation. try, the people, and the manners of which are
y itme general use' and consequent high price-of 'new tohinm; their difference froin what he hias
SVest India produce 'sall ensure a continuance been accustoned to see, and to which even
of the.usual course cf agriculture, ann vill, as his prejudices are attached, aisgusts him ; het
o" heretofore, oper-ate aabounty upon tie growth dishites and condemns every thing that is not
d of bread stiffs in the :U'ited States. In favor- sinmila towhal litIt ha been famii ar with fr-om
S able seasons; Iand in peaceful times, Europe Af- infancy'; aitlidfhe does not retrace his steps, it
d fords asturplus of hliman aliment, and supplies requires, at le it, ve.rs of observation and hia-
tre to. b found on the Aftican coast of the Me'- bit,'t h icrto ean lyl to the peculiarities of his
c rditereas butthese come loaded withlthe in- adopted co6titry. This is thIe history of itmost
S creased expenses taid the dangers of the length. every outmur.uih from every quarter arriving- a-
f ended transportation of heavy articles. In the inoig foreigners. If hie comes entirely alone,
event of one of those desolating tempests, of le is generally without, friends who will sym.
but too frequent occitrrence in 'these otherwise pathiize with him, aid assist him to bear the
Favored regions, destroying in an instant the la- unpleasant circimstances of his noviciate. How
bors of a life, and scattering the hoards collected is this to'be remedied'? Let those wliose
o by prudence for the subsistence of the colony, birt place is in com-non, who have the same
Sthe distance from these places of relief renders feelings and habits-the same connexions and
t, Irely assistance to the unfortunate impossible, attachments, join together, assist and support
Slie Notth American colonies cannot furnish each other ; let them form a community into
y these necessary supplies. The navigation of the which they all can enter, where they will find
e principal river which carries the greatest pr- pierions and usages to which they are familiar,
e tipon ofher stores to the ocean, is closed the and which create a resemblance to their own.
o better part of the year, and is not practicable s. country. In this way, if we may be permitted
g that season which is usually marked by these to use a gardener's pierase, they bring a ball
Scalianiiies. It is believed, too, that by far the about ithe,,, and will scarely miss the moving."
Largest portion of the aEt p of Ca- "Even the inhabitants, of New-England, tho'
t nr i of br.-..l iful', i,1 e-'er-. f lhurwir, &eaC, always living under tie same. goverienerit, and
e h c crtii, l from the iinil S I' -. l'sre murst inasituuot, s similar to those of the place to
e be at all times a dependence, to a certain ex- whicbhthey -fe about to migrate,. yet find it
tent, upon t 1is country- And if a ecoiventional pleasauit ind convenient to gather, themselves
S elo.... i no prelucEl by p l..lion of together, and lettle .with'a view to tir former
er .is.sre: t toerc.mirse, or letin t-ui... ire ofreiich-r assiciatieons. They established a niM Connep .
t charg-es .as shall amount. alinot to prohibition, ticut i l the Ohio Territory ; and that not mere-
Sit follows that te trade will be circuitous, In ly in name hbt in fact. 'Toe inhabitants of a
this event, theiri export trade, instead of'beige township in tie eastern states, wuo h.ay be dia.
j carried on exclusively in British bottoms, will posed to explore tie western wilds, geherally
h be. prosecuied in American vessels, and the unde;,rstauniA oe another, concert their me'n.
d vessels of that foreign nation in whose ports sures beforehand, and if they do no depart inh
e the parties may, by tacit arrangement, meet for a bodi,, yet they eventually comne together at,a
4 the exchange of their commodities. The-re- preconcertedrcudezvous. School-fellows aind
t turn cargoes, if of lr tishi growth, will, under companion i. i infancy, re-unite in a far distant
n the navigation act of the United States, be spot, renuote from tie scenes of their early
3- brought wholly in American vessels. pleasures :.aid it often happe.t s that the
d The only question remaining to be examined grown uip nin meets there ar.d marries the
e is as to the mode of effecting this di-sirable re- playmate of hs childhood. Otn the same plan,
silt-By total prohibition of all intercourse, or tiie Swiss aitd the Germans frequently trnasi
Sby bhordeisoine' charei-ts on' the trade, if confined plant the.nsehes; surrounded hiy countrymen,
Sto Brititsh vessels ? Thie committee bL lieve that ;aned 'tihe ia ir 1.1 e'shions )f home, .each
e lie latter is to be preferred, and. have accord- tl. an i aircn--in. ......u ,i utll e crltge; lie is
Singly reported a bill. There is no essential dif- he .'ed t'i al, hesitationn or embarrassments
i fer.nce between :1c., except as the one or. l cic,, l..-J a rallying point for himself
i. "other stoore !- .i inconveiiie-tu ii tn-e2- :il in- ilt d -fhintsraboutoIlTis trci"
e Pcutioi. T'te eir"ct of oilerotifs cluties is raore un s-c 1,-- iJii.ii%, hill atleast as mucchcheer-
Sslow, bu f equally certain;i the pressure will soon 1-il.. .hr in Ii i..? fields, sure of assistaince
Sbe felt, and the beneficial consequences gradut in his difliciulties,''ahd ofrcongenial society in1
Sally follow. TheDstream of commerce will easily his hours of relaxation; lhe is therefore never
and n-atiurally flow into the 'desli-ed. channel exposedto the drisgusts and mortifications of a
Without the risk ofthoselangcri-s whicliasiiddeni .1: agUi settler in a strange land.
and vioatnt effort to divert it might produce. A "'irisimen, on the bu. r hand, mostly emi
short ti ;e will prove the efficacy of thiis arrange- grate thiiout concert; their iews are fixed by
mnent, and justify its continuance, modification, no crimrnistance'to any precise spot; their timeI
Sor abandonment. It is recommended :oo by it and funds are consumed in doubt and delibera-
Sfacility of execution. It irqunies no further al. tion wlich way to turn ; they remain about the
teration in the existing laws It is not neces- seaports where they land; are regarded as bur-
Ssary to arm, for its enforcement, tie petty offl- densoie to thesettled inhabitants; and, from
Scers oftle e cstorin with powers dangerous and not being riesitt.i-d by others, cease torespect
Sodious ti a free people. tlheiselves. Or, if their course be more fortu-
f For further and more detailed information on late; ifthey escape from the cities, they mix
the subject of this report, the committee refer utnseconded and unsupported among strangers,
Sthe lHouse to a docinoeht mar-ked F, furnished with whom they have no early sympathies, to
- from the Department of State. whuni their peculiarities are often subjects of
rte dicule, ad peri ha)s of dislike. Every thing
Accompanying t is repo rt wisias, the brifigs back a painful recollection of home; and
bill which has been already announced in it requires years obf meal struggle before they'
the Nationas Intelligencer, by the title of enjoy the real bihsings of their lot.
"a bill supplementary to the.act regulat.--i -Let us teg4ihlat a-re Ithe emigrant's feel-
nsg edirtics-unritpbo;ts rand tOninage;" and "ngs, by another observation, which will seem
the several statements. the substance of tpcuiary iportarrt to ts, who hape thist
e body are now sufferinigand balancing in Ireland, to
1There is also a statement (F) furnished withdraw from want, fi-rm degradation,
from the department, and presumed to be amd oppression, and grasp the boon of in-
.the production of an intellighet American creased opulence and liberty, which we hope
merchant, on the practical effect o hfte conutnnicated in thaSutc c infry mat on were
existig commercial treaty with Great had passed a law, coiiprehennding a noble plani
Britain. It is of greater length than we of facilitating the settlement of emigrants front
could find room fr- tu-day, hut, should the every nation ; that it had reduced tire price of
subject enter seriously into the dclibera- land, tinud exteomded the term of credit to four-.
Shotsof Congressshall be published here- tt"-eieiurs, and that Airiericn had mow opened
doumbtedly make a buslhe among the enterpriz-
_____ rugaud calculating; hut would it thrill tio-i
heart to heart? woidld it run through the land
with the secret and electric rapidity of the in-
AI.EtANDIUtA, FEB. 16. telinoc we hopeto seid hemn, that ai asso-
Be-are of connereits.-Severalcoun- plored, and obtained front, Congress, a muffi
terfeit notes, purporting to be of the Uni- cientquiamntiyof luxuriantt territory, in a delight-
'in Bank of \Tarylarm I were .passed in town itil climate, to,.give ronip for the industry oh
on Friday evrning. They are of the deno pwrhlrpsfiftyvthesusand tailihies, who would be
mination of S20, asd said to be so well pyZ Esin, i e tr i of aboui i a f
executed as to require a nice. discrumina.- doi ? Let us constlt our own h arts, and we
tion. to distinguish then from the genuine shall soor ars howhdearto thie emigrant suchi
noTes. A gentlemian who received one of a society would be. .Let him at least among you
them, on discoyering its character, event instruct thle rest, who came here in luis yo.uthi, a


in pursuit f an oicer; but th villains fterhaing strgge trough many yearue
had deca'nped b,-fore they had an oppor- abori-us buti successful industry, has arrived l
tunity of arresting them. at opulence ; who still thinks of home, with


" %' +


Ir EVERY DESCRIPTION EXECUTED AT
THIs OFFrrE,


-the ivild recollections ofyouth; who, if he had
'the power, would instantly take up and trans
Sport 'his native village, with its church and its
chapel,. its scliool-iouse and its market-place
and ail itsinhabitants in his boyish days, & plan
them in the spot where lie resides ; who, even
in the decline.of life and decay of feeling, woUtld
gladly part with half his wealth, if it would in
duce one of the scions of his parent stock ,o
strike root near him.
If we are right in saying that settlement b3
colonization cbndu ,es most to the happiness of
the settlers,'that it smooths away many of theil
early difficulties, make their necessary hardships
less intolerable, and their labors more pleasant
and prosperous, surely it o6ght to be adopted,
unless some countervailing objection should be
found in the interests of the country into which
they are to be incorporated. We believe none
.- uciL t ,.v'--thel increased prosperity of their
iiidiii *' is i, i.. cif a public benefit. But' it
may be supposed, that tiie foreign nationality-
which such a mode'of settlement is calculated to
cherish, may be at variance with the attach.
merits they-ought to form to their :-,dolti
country.. Th:s we consider as a ai,th.k,-. Tlih,
nationality always characterized Irishmen in the
service of France Spain, Germany, and all the
Catholic powers of Europe, and also many of
the must active officers of our revolution ; but
it never prevented their being devotedly at-
tached to the cause and interests of the coun-
tries by which they were protected and em-
ployed. Indeed, the operation of colonization
is to destroy the foreign character of that na-
tionality, aind to give it an object and dwelling
place in the adopted country; to which it is,
therefore, calculated to strengthen the settler's
attachment. His early affections and partiali-
ties would be gradually withdrawn from, the
tforeiga, country, aud transferred te the colony--
they w would become blended with. his devotion,
and gratitude tb tibe government, thi laws aind
institutions u der which it hau been raised and
Flourished. In his domestic and interior rela-
tiois, lie might have sopie Irish feelings and
propensities; but, in the performance, of his dou-
ties as a citizen, he would -be. exclusively. and
ardently American. What inconvenience has
ever resulted from the German or'Irisih settle-
ments in Pennsylvania,dithe. S,;i, ji lind n'I
in Indiana, or hideed from any on the same plan
in the Uiited States ? And even if there could
be any inconvenience from suph national parti-
alities, how long could it last ? It must pass
away with the first geneiati6on. "What injurious
traces of it are to be found in the weste;- r pa,
of your state, chiefly peopled by Irish, or in tie
middle, considerable portiotioff whic&d asset.
tied by Germans? ,
`"You have now our sentiments with candor,'
in reply to that part of your interesting comim-o
nication. 'There is another matter oilwhich we
are led'to oiter some..bservations, because they
r-late to an objection individually made by some
of your bo ty, and which we have heard from so
many quarters, that we have 'thought it deserv-
ing of very serious attention .WVe have been
asked why we'have fixed o6n so remote a region
as the Illinois for our projected settlement?
Why we did not rather think of the -Alabamis
Territory,so much nearer to the great market of
New-Orleans, and in a region where the pro.
ductions of lie earth spring up with such pro-
fuse luxuriance. The example of the French
association has been held lip to us, and some
surprise expressed that we have not followed it.
Manriy motives, however, determined our
choice,-one was the hope of more. easily suc-
ceeding in our application, if it' pointed to a
thinly settled and frontier territory, where a
large increase of settlers would be regarded as
an important acquisition. That, however, was
but a minor, motive,-our choice was chiefly
decided by rega-rdindg tie- moral and phlysic.
habits and .l.,,racters .t th"-ee i ho'm we '.sh 1.t
benefit. Farmers and inhabitants ofa temper-
ate climate would be, injudiciously placed in a
highly southern latitude, to the cultivation and
productions of which they are unaccustomed,
and againstth'e diseases of which tiei are by.n.-
means seasoned. The llliniois T-' ri,,ri, thouehli
warmer,&perhaps more genial than their native
-atmosphere, is a sufficient approximation to it,
and, in so fa'r as they differ, is better. Its
prairies, interspersed with small parcels of
wood. lans, preserita face not very unlike their
own improved and cultivated country, and can
be worked with' the implements of husbandry,
to which their hands are from infancy accustom-
ed. The clearing of fore. ts and grubbing up
the. roots of tree.;, are occupations and-toil
for which they are not fitted. An Irishman will
sooner domesticate hinis. If (if we may be allow.
ed the expression) in the Illinois, than he would
in the Alabama or Mississippi Territory."

BANK ANECDOTE.
Scene-neighboring. 'lime-before a late court.
President of the Bank. Well, Mr. Clerk, we
si.all gi.e )ou a fine harvest next court; we
have nearly two hundred writs to issue.
Clerk ofthe Court, (rubbing his hands' That's.
good news-but what are all these writs for ?
President. O, they are against persons indebt-
ed to the --- bank, who have let their notes
lie over.
Clerk. Well, well-that's right. But how is it
that some persons do not issue writs against
you, seeing that you suffer your notes to lie over
every day, and have done so for several years ?
President. The) dare not. We would ruin any
man thut should attempt to make us pay him his
money against our consent..
Clerk. Then yon are above the law?.
President. To be surem-the law is only made
for the government of the vulgar, such as far-
mers and mechanics-not has it any thing to do
vtith them, if they are bank directors.
C. lerk. That's lucky; or you would be war-
ranted qo sued one hundred times every day.
r? The 7/ ct, by rwag of explanation.-.
A bank at which does not p..y
its debts and which has not paid them for
several years, lately instituted almost 100
suits against individuals indebted to it--
and the people suffer the wreck of
property, thereby occasioned, with the
meekness of slaves" Such things have
happened in most country places and
small towns where banks have been es-
tablished.-Thousands of farnners, who
lived happily and were prosperous, before
the introduction of :hose institutions,-.
coming into contact with them, have been
beggared and driven from their farms.
[.Adles's lieg.

Return of the beeves, calves, sheep aRd
hogs, sold in the New York market,
from the first day of January, 1817, to
the 31st December:
JBkeves. Calves. Srep. 'r,.a
*ly Market 16546 9902 27139 4i7t
Saslhington Market 5097 5767 19114 1746
.atheurine Market 5135 5261 18452 774
Grand Total 17178 20930 64795 6599


PRINTING


rtu m N tEa UA-RY 10.
A .message was read,. received from"
the President .of the United States, ont
SFriday last', transmitting, in compliance
i"'ith a resolution of the Senate, a state-
-rr tme of tlet expenditures on the public
tnbuhilwns, and an account of their pro-
gress for 'lne cu'-reimi year.
'r. Sn/r., presented the memorial
ofthe NY'.on k Irilrh Emig'rant Associati6on
praryirpg that a portih.n ot'-arnsold lands (int
the illinois territory) may be granted to-
trustees, on an extended, term of credit,
for the purpose of being settled by emi-
grants from Iceland.
.Mr.. Lacock presented the petition of'
sundry dry good traders &t- aster-tailors-
pf Philadelphia. representing certain grie.
vances and evils under which their bisi-
ness labors, from various causes, front
which they pray relief; and also praying
that additional duties may be imposed on.
imported ready made cl'tlies, and means.
devised to prevent the illegal introduction
thereof.
Mr. Wilson submitted a resolution in-
structing the post office committee to in-
quire into 'thie expediency of establish.
ing a post route from Freehold through
Squan-lum, u\lanasquam. Tom's river,
CtedtrCr eek.and \iaiahat dkiig, toTuck-i
erton in New-Jersey,
TMr. .11orrow, from the committee of
public lands, reported a bill for adjusting-
the claims to land, and establishitng land
offices east of the island of New-Orleans;
whicfih was read and passed to. a second
reading.
Mr. Tait, from the committee on naval
affairs," reported a bill authorizing the
President of the United States to establish,
two naval depots and dock yards, at such
fit places as he shall designate, and ap--
propriating -- dollars for the object;.
which was read and passed, to a second
reading. .
.The report of the judiciary committee,
adverse to allowing the judge ofthe 6th.
ircuit' of the United States additional
-opwcnsatdorrf-or-nva-tser itlSas taken.
up and agreed to.
The following resolution, submitted by
Mr. Wfilson on the 12th instant, was coil-
sidered and agreed to.
Siesolved, That the committee on the public;
lands be instructed to inquire into the expe-
diency of extending the time allowed by the act:
to providefor designating, surveying andl f-ant-
ing the military bounty lands, approved M'av'6,,
181.', to non-commissioned officersand soldiers
of the United States, or their representatives,
to present their claims to tIe Stecretary of War
for military bounty lands.
A message having been receives from
the House of Representatives ann6oitc--
ing their determination to adhere to thef-
disagreement to the Senate's amendm nent.
to the military appropriation bill-
Mr. (amibell moved that the Senate
recede from said amendment; which Imo-
tion was decided in the affirmative.
So this amendment was accordingly
withdrawn, and tlhe Secretary ordered to
inform the House of Representatives
thereof.
The Senate postponed several subjects
the orders for this day ; and then pro-
ceeded to the consideration of the bill
providing for the
lsUR VIV1NG REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS.
The qucsti- n under consideration, -was
a motion made some days ago, by Mr.
Knqg, to recommit the bill, with instruc-
tions to the committee so to amend it, as
to confinc its provisions to a grant of half
'pay for life to such of the surviving offi-
cers (alone) of the revolutionary army as
served for three years, or to the end of
(he war, including those entblred to half
pay for life byany resolve of Congress,tbe
half pay to be ascertained according to
rank by which the accounts of the officers
were finally settled.
The debate was resumed on this sub.
ject, and continued to a late hour ; in
the coui se of which Mr. King withdrew
his motion to recommit the bill.
The question then recurred on the a-
mendment reported to the bill by the mi.
litary commi.tce, (to confine its apphlca-
tion to those who served to the end of
tlie war); when


I-
0





t


F-


TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 17.


The Senate having yesterday receded
from its amendment; to the general Mili-
tary Appropriation bill,: it now requires
only the signature of the President to be-
come a law.

The question respecting the establish-
ment of an uniform system of bankrupt-
cy is under debate in the House of Re-
presentatives. If the Debate be not too
far extended, we shall publish it at large.
The fate of the bill is thought uncertain.
We hope, however,'ft will escape the fate
of several other propositions originated in
the same htise duriiing the present ses-
sion. The 'commercial part of our peo-
ple imnPore'its passage ; and we have yet
to learn whether, and why its rejection,
is demarided by any other great.interest
of'the country.

In the house of Delegates of Vi.RL-
NIA, the piopcpitron to tax the Branehes.
of (he Bank of the United States ih that
state, has received a decided negative, by
a vote of 127 to 24.




N. NATE.










A thiticn was made by Mr. Goldsho
2 a tg/iarid-agreed to, to ai.tend the amend
ment, by inserting the words or those
WVho served yeara"
SMr. Cri ttnden moved to strike out the
words "on continental establishmer't,^
so as to include the militia who server
the requisite period ; which motion was
pending when the Senate adjourned.
The gentlemen who took part in the
discussion this day, were Messrs. GoldA-
borough, Lacock, Tichenor, Otis,. 3frrill
.Efpes, C'rittenden, Daggett, Burrill, Ma-
can and Smith.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
MONDAY, FtBIVUARY 16,
Mr. Rheca, from the committee of pen-
sions, made .unfavorable reports on the
petitions of Joseph GwynneEd ward Kain
and Stephen Barnum; which was agreed
to.
Mr. R. also made an unfavorable re-
port on the petition of Cornelius Bald.
win ; which was read and ordered to lie
on the table.
Mr. Robertson, of Lou. made unfavor-
able reports on the petitions of Charles
Jerks, Charles Humphreys, and John
Perrin ; which were read and concurred
in.
Mr. Williams, of N. C. made unfavor-
able reports on the petitions of John -M'-
Gehee, Robert Hays, Antonio Bondie,
John Kee, and William Gamble ; which
were concurred in.
Mr. Williams made a report on the pe-
tition of B. and P. Jourdan Brothers, ac-
companied by a bill for their relief;
which was twice read and committed.
Mr. Lowndes reported a bill fixing the
compensation of the Clerks, &c, of the
Senate and House of Representatives, (re.
inewing the act which is about to exp're,)
which was read.
Mr. Williams of N. C. made a supple.
ineitary report on the petition of John
Ireland, which had, on his motion, been
i-.-conimitted to the committee of claims.
This report adduces, as further testi-
mony against the claim of John Irelanid
a letter addressed by Com. Barney to a
member of the house, denying the fact
that the destruction of the house for
which compensation is claimed, was at-
tributable to the occupation thereof by
the flotilla-men ur'der his-command, kEc.
On this report some little debate took
place, in which MAr. Stuart questioned
the force of this sort of epistolary declar-
ation, in contradiction to the opposing
evidence of several personson oath ; and
Mr. Smith, of Md. questioned the cor-
.recriness of a particular, part of the Re-
port, To both of these gentlemen Mr.
Iilliaztl of N. C.. replied.
The report was ultimately ordered to
lie on the table.
On motion of Mr. Tyler, the commit-
tee on the Judiciary were instructed to
enquire into the expediency of altering
-the- ime of- holding the circuit court o.[
the United Szates f.r ihe Viigihroa dis-
trict, holden at Richmond, from the 12th
to the 2d day of April, in each year.
On motion of Mr. Williams, of N. Y.
the committee on pensions were instruct-
ed to enquire into the expediency of pla-
cing John Miller on the pension list from
October, 1812.
On motion of Mr. Bloowfield, the corn
mrittee on foreign relations were instruct-
ed to enquire into the expediency of es
tablishing the residence of a Consul at
Mlogadore, in the Empire of Morocco.
[_Mr. B. assigned as a reason for this
iinotion the advantages which would re.
sult froin a consulate there, &c. and par-
ticularly from the opportunity it would
afford of redeeming from captivity our
ship-wrecked mariners and other ciii-
2eus, who might be unfortunate enough
'to fall into the hands of the Arabs, &c.j
On motion of Mr. Biount. the conmmit-
tee on the post office apd post roads were
instructed to enquire into the expediency
of establishing .a post road from Greene-
ville, by Newport, Dandridge, and Hill's,
to Knoxville, in Tennessee.
Mr. Tarr offered' for consideration a
motion to the following, effect :
That the committee on military affairs be
instructed to enquire into the expediency of
granting a traci of an hundred and sixty acres
of land to each surviving soldier of the late re-
volutionary army, who enlisted for three years,
and faithfully served out the term of their en-
listment."
Mr. S. said that the class referred to
was a very meritorious description of
-men, who had never been provided for
heretofore, but who, he thought, ought
now to be provided for in the manner
which he proposed.
The motion was agreed to, but not
without a considerable number of nega-
tive votes.
BANKRUPT LAW.
The house then resolved itself into a
committee of the whole, Mr Bloomnfield
in the chair, on the bill to establish ai unti-
form Bankrupt Law.
Mr. HIiopkirson rose, and in ar, elabo-
rate speech, the delivery of which occu-
pied from 1 until near 4 o'clock, spoke
jn support of the measure; when
The committee rose, and reported pro-
gress ; and
The House adjourned.
rTO -rHl EDr'rotsS.
Pmi'kcneyvile, Jr. 17, 1818.
It is statedin a late tile of youri paper, that I was
el-ected a member of the legisjiature tio'the new state
of 'MZississip1i. The fiuet is, I w'as not a sniceesslil
adidtlaite tfr that honor. le pl'iised to give the
sanime publicity to the rectification that you have to
the error. J. CHILD.

J. MactdonalH
"AS received a few handsome yellow Leg-
horn Honnets,white ostrich Peathers, yel-
low an I bli do, transparent vwlve, white
yellow, black, cut velvets, prun';la and satin


sho' s, te3.
feb 1l-2w3t


- ILUMLLI CHARLES COLE CLAfliORNE- g'nd many t3 censure. ThTs Was emnpha-
--" tically the case with Mr. C. The esti-
PrOM THE: oL.AsLL GAZETTE. l nation of his character was very various;
When.an eminent .man sinks into the but various as it was, no one ever denied
tomb, something more than a mere re- him the praise of political sagacity, ac-
cord of the fact is due to his contempo- companies by purity of intention. The
raries and to posterity. The leaden leading characteristic, indeed we might
hand of death, when it presses down the say, the concentrated feeling and force of
lowliest mortal, leaves a space which no his mind, was political. His memory was
other can occupy : but when it arrests exact and tenciou; l,ce w'..s an accurate,
the career of action of a man much con if not a profound observer of men ."ar,
fided in by his fellow-citizens and much things, and 'he was gifted v ith a pcrspi
distinguished by their approbation, the cuous, an easy and graceful .elocution,
chasm is at once more perceptible to the eminently calculated to conciliate and
eye and more difficult to fill up. Hispreserve the popular favor.'
virtues if they were great, his infirmities Few men ladc possessed sn much
if they were many, his services if useful, power as he execisa:dl at different times,
his conduct if disastrous, all have their with a less anxious view to their own pri-
moral and leave examples to be imitated vare fortunes, or with the commission of
or avoided. fewer outrages upon the rights of others.
The lateWm C. C. Claiborne filled Inall the offices which he has filled, with
a large space in the eye of Western A all the hostility which he has encountered,
merica, and occupied it l-ong. Of his his integrity was always above suspicion,
early life we know little : he 'was born in His private history is without a blemish,
the year 1773, and was a native of Vir- and in all the relations of social life he
ginia-of that state which from the dawn was highly estimable.
of our history 'has been so prolific From his first entrance into public life,
in men of political and juridical enter- he attached himself to that party in our
prize and usefulness. Alter having pass- country which has governed her destinies
ed several years in the city of Philadel' durinigthe last seventeen years---and from
pitia in the study of the law, Mr. C. cm- the principles professed by thiat party he
grated to ai'd fixed his residence in Ten- never swerved. To the merit of con
nesseeL with a view to the exercise of his stancy to his party we may add the praise,
profession. That country wits then young infinitely more.. precious. that no man was
in every thing-it had not, as it has now, ever more ardently attached to his coun-


I judges', and statesmc and warriors.
H-ncc to a young man of enterprise and
" good acquirements, every avenue ot
. wealth and honor was open. These qual-
ifications were possepsed by AMr. C. and
it is not to be wondered that, although
scarcely advanced beyond the age ofTina
jority, he rapidly rose to public stations.
He was first seatd upon the bench, but
how long he occupied that place we can
not say : not, however, very long, as a-
bout the year 1797 he appeared in Con-
gress a representative troin Tennessee.
'this station he tilled respectably until
the accession of Mr. Je-terson to' the
Preside tial chair, when he was appointed
to the government of the ivtisdssippi
Territory. When Louisiana was cQ.ded
to the United Stltes, Mr. C. and Gene-
ral Wilkinson .were appointed commis-
sionets to receive the country from the
;French prefect and afterwards lie was
clothed with unlimited powers to estab-
lish a temporary government, and to ex-
ercise authority until Congress could le-
gislate upon the subject. Mr. C. acquit-
ted himself so much to the saLisfactioti
of the President, and so conciliated the
goodwill ot the newly acquired Territo-.
ry, that, upon the erection of Louisiana.
into two distinct governments, he was
placed at the head of the more impor-.
tant. This was a trust of great niagni-
tude, requiring in its discharge the exer-
cise of versatile powers of miod, and a
felicitous capacity for allaying dissentioi,,
and for exciting'a regard for institutions,
Srly daiitiiltior- I-im1n Uobc which had
beet kcinosi, in the cuimiry, and whict
were engrafted upon the habits, if not up
on the affection of the people. Ditli-
cult, however, as the task was, Mr. C.
succeeded in it far beyond the expect
tons of those who were most sanguine of
his success. He tempereri iith much
ingenuity the authority which he .Wielileti:
the reflecting soon became convinced
of the benefits to be derived from the
change which had takefi place : and in
every community the stream of opinion,
however- disturbed or diverted by sudden
or violent ebullitions. will at last take its
course and be directed in its progress
by the slow but steady 'and irresistible
currentof reason. Louisiana became A
merican': her interests, her passions, and
her principles became firnily joined
to the confederacy, and Mr. CGaiborne,.
upon the first selection of a governor by
the people, was chosen with a voice ap.
preaching to-unanimity. After hisgub-
crnatorial term, and which by the pro-
visionsi of the constitution he could not
immediately repeat, ,he descended to a
private, if we may so terrt.it, in the ranks
of society, where tor the period of thir-
teen years he had been- used to com-
mand.
Shortly after his retirement it became
necessary to choose a Senatoi to Congress
from Louisiana, and his election to that
place, although opposed by a gentleman
of distinguished ability, and high in the
favor of the state, bespoke the overwhel.i-
ing character of his popularity. While
preparing for his journey to Wa'shinigton,
to take his seat in the ensuing Congress,
he was attacked by a disease of the liver,
which had lormierly visited him, tut which,
on the last occasion, baffled the utmost
powers of medicine, and overcame tshe
resistance of a constitution apparently of'
great native vigor. His confinement was
long and his sufferings great: but the
writer can testify that throughout nis ill-
ness, and until the moment of his disso-
lution, he was turaiquil and resigned, and
elevated abive the ignoble ideas of those
who vainly fear inevitable things." tie
died in the night of the 23d inst and the
following afternoon his body was co,,mnit-
ted to the grave, with all the marks of
honor that the people of New-Orleans


try, or gloried smore heartily in her pros
perity and hono.. .
'--2
RELIGIOUS FREEOt)M.
Friend Hill--The following Is copied
from a private letter of recent date, writ-
ten by WiLLticA PLUMERs, the present
Governor of this State. Happy would it
be for the world,.were this praiseworthy
sentiment universally adopted by states-
men and legislators.-.V I11. P1it.
"'.y sentiments on that subject (religious
freedom have not changed with time; but every
revolving season has added hew proofs, in my
mind, to the fitness, and propriety of leaving
every individual at full anid entire liberty of
choosing his own religion. ald of giving or with-
holding his property as he pleases for its stLup
port Iuir.... I cannot make men religious;
but the% Ir, ibnd often, have made bad men
hypocmir* .. "iil ii t',,i .t was instituted
for earth, not for ie%.'n, ni.i it ought never
to intcirmeldle withli :-'. j ,.,., ,'c.: t.to protect
men in the free cr'j.. hcit. of their religious
sentiments "

BOARD OF PUL-1LIC WORKS, VIRGINIA.
We learn from thr. Enquirer of Satur-
day, that on Friday week the legislature
proceeded to the election of ten Directors
of the Board of Public Wotks, in confor-
mity with the act, '; creating a fund for
internal improvement"-when the follow-
gentlemen 'were duly elected;
Philip It. ''lihompsen, ) ltestients to the West'
,ohn G. Jackso 'of the Alleghany
li-obert Craig, Mountains
S, .. Between the Allegha-
Andrew Ale'ander, ny Mountains and
Win. Steenberger t e ;hie Ridge;
James Madison, nIelht'se6t:, the Blue
Charles Yancey, II, .Jg. n, ad the Head
Samuel l'annill, 5 of tide-water.
. .- ")' Between the head of.
L. Ta., we' tide-water and.the
reen, sea coast.

A CURE FOR CANINE MADNESS.

Mlayoralty of Ajew Orleans.
Mr. Chabert, a physician from the U-
niversity of Montpelier lately arrived in
this city, has just made Knrown to me a
remedy for the canine madness, which
has been pointed out as a specific by the
'Italian physicians,
.That remedy was published in the Pi-
edmontese Gai-tte'of the 8th of May last,
from wlich it is literally copied by Mr.
Chabert himatc.,et're-his leavingFrancc.
The discovery df it is due to professor
Brugnatelli, and 'it- would be the more
advantageous,ft try by experiments the
confidence which it may be entitled to,
as, the use of the rernedy can occasion
no dangerous consequences. I therefore
deem it my duty to make it known to my
fellow-citizens, by publishing the follow.
ing as it has been transmitted to me :
Thanks to the celebrated professor
Brugnatelli, an efficacious remedy has,
at last, been discovered against canine
madness, perhaps the most horrid of all
diseases. That remedy consists in hy-
droclore (acid muriatic'ox : aqueux) us
ed as well inside' of the body as on the
exterior parts ofit, The/wound produced
by the bite of mad, animals must be wash-
ed with it. It afi tars that that substance
destroys the /htdtof/hobic' loison, even
when used sevral;'days after the fatal
bite. A number of well authenticated
cures operated by that simple means, in
the great hospitals of Lombardy, do not
permit to doubt the powers af that pre-
cious remedy.",
AUG. MACAR 1 Y.
New-Orleans, Jan. 15, 1is8.,


Bos'ION, FEB. 10.
Daring robbery.--,Yesterday between
2 and 3 o'clock, the Exchange office of
Messrs. Wyman and Stone, No. 76, State
street, was 'entered by means of false
keys, and property to.the amount of six
or seven thousand dollars stolen.The mo-
.-,]I1trnntr- h 1 .


had it in their power to bestow, ney was contained in a sai trunsm w .r,
The crowd of citizens that followed the was enclosed in an iron olest, which was
procession w :s greater than was ever wit- unlocked by false keys and the trunk bro-
nessed in New-Orleans on any similar ken open A' man, wearing a plaid cloak,
occasion. The- ragethf party seemed x who no d&-.Il is thelthiet, was seen enter-
iinguished in the general anxiety to pay ing the 6flice br'a boy about the tiwe the
the last respectful tribute to a man who robbery is supposed to have been com-
had served his country long and zealously mitted. A reward of five hundred dol-
and faithfully. lars has been offercdi and suitable mea-
In a country where the privilege of dis- sures taken to pursue and apprehend the
cussion is circumscribed only by the thief. C-See advertisement.
claims of private feeling and of public IAItIRIED
justice, it is to be expected that whoever On Sunday veningbye Rev. Mr. Addison,
attempts a part upon the theatre of poll- Mir.'I'tTOMas NEwi iamerchant, to Miss DaiiA
tical life; wilh meet with many to applaud MiL.ont, both of Georgetown.


At Cexs.ckie, on the Is* Inst. Mrs FAscrs
Kr iTLANai, wife of Durance Kirtland, Esq. a re-
presentative in Congress from New York.
At Philadelphia, on Fridar .13th inst. Mrs. E-
.rzABE 'r DA.V soJBO, Wife of Wm. Davidson,'Esq.
of that city...

FOR SALE,
. SUPERB Saddle Ilorse, adapted to har-
1L. ne's, .now tatSnih's livery tabhie, back of
av boteL .
leb 17-5t
Boariling House.
1 COOLIDGE begs ieave to inform' the
.1 public that she'hat three sery cornfirt-
b,.- lodgifig rovfins vacant, which she 'i 'ac-.
commbdate five or six gentlemen withf'
feb T17- lw "'

W hiskey aiiial liams.
SIXTY bbls. Rye \ r.,. 0 ew Bacon
Jkiams, are ,lered for sale at reasonable,
prices, by ...
P. M AURO. 13
feb.l 7-3t : .


A Hat Lost.
,T M. Hyde De Neuville's, on Saturday
night last, some piison lifted a new hat,
:'ade by Hamr ; and the owner's name being
written in it in legible characters, it is 'n"ped'
it will be returned immediately, at Bailey's,
No. 2-where may be hod by the owner an aid
hat, taken in lieu of the one above noticed,
wi hout any name marked in it, and made by
Joshua Shaw, Philadelphia.
feb 17-3t ,

SALES AT AUCTION,
THIS DAY, at. 11 o'clock, A. M. ill be sold
at my auction rooms,, variety of seesonabie
Dry Goods.
Also, 2 cases shoes, ?ome fancy hardware,
watches,.&.c.
JOHN PEABODY, auc'r.
Georgetown, feb 17-

A French Teacher Wanted.
PEIUSON quilifiedto t10 each th French
3L LangIage is w-nted at the.Washiingtori
Eastern Academy, to give instruction to a clhs'
a short time every day.
Any person wishing for the situation, will
please to apply at the academy in 6th street
-1,t, to the subscriber. A Teacher'capable of
a ',iistr n the Engli'h department, wil meet
with additional ene n iraemenvt.
N LL.\IG, Principal.
feb 17-eo3t

Grand National Lottery,
FOR buitdirg two Lancastrian Sc.o. houses,
a Penientiary and a City Hali, in the Ci y
of Washington.

30,000 DOLLARS
20,000 DOLLARS /
10,ooo DOLLARS
10.000 lithi.L.VlS
.,ooo DOLLARS '.
5,000 1OLLARS'
15,006 DOLL \R .
5 of ,00ooo DOLL ARS, ke. &c.
6,000UTicKets .oly in the Scheie't,.at' .
each-not near two blanks oa prize--and ',
be completed in 12 days drawinr-.
The benevolent objects to which the fund'
arising from this Lattery is to heA pphed, is.
in itr l' ,.lh..-,l pl-.;e it ht a t.e'.eruu aet, u
lie tll pezceec Its u ,til), aurd ': e 'o it the
pat.or, ge it5, j ,itl) mtrie,. In rddi'i p to
which, it holds out to adventurers the most
flutteripg prospects of making a handsome for-
tute with a very sm, 1, sum. .
Those who intend to purchase are requested
to send in their orders as soon as they possi-
bly can make .t cor.venient.
Approved notes, payable after the drawing
is completed, and Prize T;ck,'-: in the Surgi-.
ca Institution andWashington Monument Lot-
teries received in payment for tickets.

TICKETS AND SHARES
In the greatest variety of numbers, to .be had at
G. DAVIS'S Lotcer. Office,
Near the Theatre.
feb 17-3t


A Most Daring Robbery.
0N Monday, be ween the hours of 2 and 3
o'clock, the office of the subscribers, in
State street, was entered by false keys, (while
we were absent to dinner) and an irou chest
opened, containing bank bills and other valu-
able papers, taken therefrom. We can recol-
lect the following, viz.
A post ncte.on the Mechanics bank of Balti-
more, for 3500, on demand, dated July 4 1817,
and No. 3, payable to Fisher Ames, or order.
The word "order" was er.sed, and *' bearer"
substituted.
Two b100 bits on the bank of Nor'h Caro-
lins--about $900 in Salem, Beverly, Marule.
hiead, Newburyport, Lynn, and Haverhil Bank
Bilsi-from 3 tt, :000 in current bank hills-
a check for B230U 2, signed by John Djdge,
of S.lem
A quantity of New York bank bills, some
old Hallowei and Augusta bank bills, and some
of thIe Penobscot bank. Also, a small leather
bag containing gold, among which was a light
doubloon. Also, 490 Spanish dollars.
A person of middle stature, with a Scotch
plid cloak, was seen about haIl past 2 o'clock,
Upsoing the office.
$500 reward w 1I be given for the recovery
of the property, or a generous reward for any
part of the property or the detection of the
thief; and all persons are invited to use their
endeavors to bring to light this most daring
and high hande.l villainy.
WYMAN & STONE,
No. 76, State street, Boston.
Boston, feb 12-17-3t

POSTPONED SALE.

Elegant Furniture, &c.
AT Bates's auction store, on Monday next,
the 9th inst. 11 o'clock a. m. will be sold
a' public auction, one Grecian sofa, I pair
window curtains lo match, 1 pair-claw foot
'ai les, 1 settee, 1 lounge, 2 pair' card tables,
1 pair looking glasses, 1 set china, 4 dozen
pa'e, 6 sels kn yes and forks, iOOO flints, 2
bedsteads, and some ki'chen ware
DAVID BATES, Auc'r.
feb 6-3t

tj.*In consequence of the inclemency
of the weather,the above sale is postpon-
ed to Thursday, the 19th inst. 11 o'clock
a. m. with the addition of 6 dozen wire
sieves, and 2 safes, obliged to be sold to
close a concernD. ATES,
D. DATES, Auctionaer.


feb 17-


100 DOLLARS REWARD.
R AN. away from the'subicriber, on the 16th
Dec. mber last,a likdiy negro inan named
Fianklin,snd passes for free, rnd call, himself
Frank Berry. He is about 27or 2& years oldl,
5 feet 8 or 9 inches high, speaks plitin, can
read and write, and is bc'ieved to have forget
free ppers : He iP an excellent boot and shoe
maker, has a mild countihance, and large whis-
kers, of a yelliiwsh cast,: Has a sinli ,.c r on.
dei' nne oft'hiaeyes and tne none of hiq che, ks,
and hai a small crooked. foot: He' was very
obedieht' and iildustriotsi,. He took wit i him
a sorrel mare, abo'tl 1'4or15 h.nds high.; and
about .0o dollar in cash; a go-d ii atle, bri-
dle and saddle bags. e wore ofi a b ue broad-
cioth coata pair of cassirtere or whiie jean
i an aloons : He also t,)ik with him a pocket
.., n, and several ehanges ofcloaths. Thea.
b...e rew\arJ of 200 doirrs will be given tor
edgingg. him in any g I in..the United Sta'es,
o can get hi n; o- 3'. for his safe delivery
to mf. in Newberry l)i trict, S. Carolina.
* N. B' Any person apprehending.s9 ,*ifnegr,
wil iiifdrn n- bhy -miili, directed t. Neaiber.y
Court houte, Sou h Uaolina
WADE BERRY-TAYLOR.
feb 17--5t .
N ,OTICE.
A. PEiSON residing in the Western country
wishes topurchaseanegro boy ani a girl
raised on* a plantatinn, between theage of 8 &
12 ye'arr, to be tervanta in his fmaily He will
beale to stlBLi' i ,,, ) having such ne-
groes fir ua.ir, 'd .a.s..u-i wt p.,t them in the
t. ,ud. of humane and benevolent master, that
h: ,i uf that description, and that the pait of
Scontr where he lives is favorable ct r"
r"oes. Appation isy 1 e5iad at the a- of
D f's l lId,.QtenCity of W.,k.-'i]n.
I I' 17 dA".


THE UNION
-' TILLeodrnaience running between CGeOrge
to*n ad, .A.etra-.Jri in the' eatrypart
,:t Mairc, anrd u i,. ke -.iengersaand s.6ight
.s tiaal.'
The superior accommodations of this bort;
her regularity; .the means which have tea
used to incr ue her I, and insure her
piasage in the shorites'- p.s.ille time; .c, sa
-aeution to the somfart oi'passengeis, and ihe
itrangements ofhr mnchiury, wh ch .red..
neir supcr.ior o all otice 5ses&is of ier d'-acrip.
tiun in pint 'of -aety, (4s mius'. ,., ,,t;
first sigh' to eve y p. r on) will be m,, t d ..,b
give to her tile patronage of the citizens 'o9
vWashirigton,,Gevrg4 .'.. and1 Alc -. ndri.. who,
are desirous tI tv..' r, t, rcitnoc,. ot a c reap,
elegantasd convyriien'i m-.,' tfl"couveyance.
C.c-nimui',rjron, ar- piu-i.J :or blacks, &e.
,pr e trom ho,- i omc-r passengers.
Annual tieets may be had by ap-
pi. rp, ,.e.. cininu onboardfor 010 00
Han c.i1) ticketss 6 (U
Quarterly tickets : 4 00
Pasage 50
Servan-s, blacks and children 25
Freight, including wiThai:fage,. at the fslo-wmg
rates -
H ogheads 01,
Ba t eis, in quantity 10
Doingle 25
B xcasugar 371
.I)o glass 10
li )lemons 1' 131
Do candles, soap anel chocolate 10'
Bales, (depending on size and weight)
Cases do
.Crates ., ,. 'r 75
Cesats tea 25
Bugs coffie, cooa, ugar,.pimento
and pepper 25
>B,. eis ap-a ep .-fsryiag .ns.sh'avels .
sc.'he.,'nvila and ftggots st.el 25
C ,,...u'de, per keg 1 00
Ids, each 4.. 4
'BAsl uck 12*
.Shingles in bundles, per M 1 30
Lati, per M 75
Bar ir.n and lead, per ton 1 25
Wooden Ware, per nest 123,
Ilcon, per 10001b 2 CO
Cheese,. each 6CI
Cedar and locust posts, depending on size
WindFor clhirs, per d-zen 1 CO
Four wheel carriages, each 3 00
Two wheel do 2 o)
lDolars, per M 50
Articles not enumerated, per cent 10
.The Unin' wilt leave Georgetow-' st 9 o'cik.
a. m. for Alexandria, and make two trips in the
day, -stopping far the accoommodatior of pa'- ea-
gers a. few minutes at the bridge. Families
wishing supplies of groceries taken up or
down in lthd Union, may calcku'.te on thcer or-
ders being punctually attended to, without any
additional charge and the articles perfectly
secured from injury. Accounts for freight
brought in this way may be settled quarterly.
with reasonable reductions to constant custo-
mers.
No expense has been spared to make the
Union a great convenience to the District of
Columbia, and it is confidently expected that
all objections to her on account of her want of
speed will hereafter be removed, as it is be-
lievedthat that the pa seige in her will be made ia
a shorter time than by any other mode of con-
veyance.
When more than two annual, quarterly or
monthly tickets are taken in the same family,
a reasonable deduction will be made, Persons
holding tickets are allowed to take with theiu
100 weight, free from any charge for freight.
0~'The editors'of the Georgetown Messen-
ger and Alexandria Herald are reque-te I to
publish the abovq until the 1st of March, and
send their accounts to the proprileor rftetc uin
ifeb 17-tn.
feb 17-t IM


BOOKS, &o.
OtN Tuesday evening, the 17th, will be sold
at Bates's auction room, a very valuable
invoice ot Books, amongst which willbe found
Scott's bibles and testaments, Coke's bibles,
Rollin's History, Swift's Works, Fielding's
Works, Shakspeare's do, Hume's Engla ad,
Blair's Sermons, Anquitil's Universal Histo-
ry, Doddridge's Family Expositor, Plowden's
Continuation of Ireland, Christian Observer.
Marshall's Life of WaFhington, Map of the U.
States, and some v.duable Law Rooks. Those
wishing to purchase 'will do well by giving an
earlier attendance, as, at the conclusion of the
catalogue of books, will be seld a variety of
fancy articles. Likewise,gold and silver watch-
es. D. BATES, auc'r.
feb 14-St

FOR SALE,
T HE subscriber will sell on reasonable terms
the following property in thecity of Wash-
ingtoi, viz.
SLot No. 2 in square 43-lot 1 in square 60-
lot 3.in square 83--lot 6. in square.120-and
lot 9 in square 665.
Also, lot1 No. 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13 in square
141-lots No- 6, 7, 8, 9, 10,11, 15, 16 and 17,
in square 847-and lots No. 20 & 21 in square
882. An unquestionable title will be made to
the purchasers of the above property, by
ROBERT dMUNoQ.
Georgetown, April 22-tf








The conferees of the Senate stated explicitly X law could be deemed necessary to determine By authority of the State of Maryland,
they would not insist on making, at this time, the propriety of raking an appropriation to.
BREVET PAY.--CONFERENCE. any appropriation with a view of coercing an meet an expenditure which it could not regu- BALTIMORE
expenditure which should accrue subsequent to late. They admitted, that generally it wou!d NEW MASONIO HALL LOTTERY.
IN SENATE-i:iB IAuAr 12. the period at which an explanatory law relating not be the most correct course to amend a law SGHtME.I
A REPORT. to tie matter in question could be.supposedto establishing salaries or authorizing an expendi- prize of Z50,000 is 50,00o
pass, and Which might, therefore, be either an- ture by a provision i1 a general appropriations
The managers on the part of the Senate have thorised or controlled by such law, and though law, though they believed there was no consti- 5,000 is 25,000
met and conferred with those on the part ofthe the sum requisite to meet the expenditures tutional or legal objection to s:ch a course; but I 20,000 is .20.00
House of Representatives on the subject f tife that must accrue under the existing law before they stated, turther--last. That the Senate's a- 1 10,000 is lo.0o00i;
disagreeing votes of the two Houses upon the it can be altered, could not bhe exactly ascertain- niendinent was not designed as an alteration of 2 5,000 is 10.O "
bill, entitled Anactmaking appropriations for ed, it might be estimated with nearly the same .the law of 1812', .i .;, l \|, rinr the con- 10 1 .000 is 10 0O0
the military service at the United States for the accuracy that sums for .other objects fr,, and struction of that '. v ,, .'i- ii.e .ed t~.Ule Me- 0 '
year 1818," and report: that the conferees of therefore its uncertaid-ty appeared to tioem to nate the correct onie,i'nd restricting the sam 10 50o is 10,010(
the House of Representatives commenced the form no solid objection to the measure. appropriated to the. discharge of' expenditures 5'. 100 is 7,n50O
conference by stating, that, by the construe. For the purpose, therefore, of providing for incurred pursuant to such construction, which 150 50 is '7,500,
tion of the la.w ot 1812, which the committee of such expenditure alone, as' must in any event it is presumed maybe done on the same.priuci- 6000 25 is 1 ^0&000
the fHouse of6 Representatives believe to be a- take place, and leaving the two houses to act in pie that other specific appropriations are made
adopted by that house, the payofa brevet corn- regard to the subject in future, as each should applicable to the objects designated, and to no
mission is due only when the officer exercises a consider correct, without being considered in others 2d. If the objection be to the words in 0261 rizes
command,to which his lineal rank would hot en. any manner compromitted by the appropriation the Senate's amendment which restrict the ap- 8739 blanks
title him. To such a command, under the Pre. that might now be made, and anxious to recon- plication .of the srum appropriated to services -
sideit'i general order of l16and 817, lie may cile, as far as practicable, the views entertained performed by brevet officers when acting in 15,000 tickets, at o20 S300,000
be assigned upon special and temporary occa- by both houses on this subject,by meeting those their brevet rank, the conferees of the Senate Not one and a half blanks to a prize.
sions. It is believed, from the amendment of the House of Representatives, as far as in would agree to strike out these words and have Whole Tickets 220 Quarters 85 05-1
proposed by the Senate, that their construction their opinion a due regard to correct legislation the sum appropriatedapplicable to services per- -alves 10 Eighths 2 50
is not very different from this. The construe- and ti.e duty they owe the Senate would autho- formed by.such officers generally, agreeably to Tickets in the aboe Lottery for ae at
-tion6fthe War Department, however, is very ri-e, the conferees of the Senate proposed, if the terms of the estimates. Though the con- ikets in tle -boye Lottery for sale at.
different. The committee of the House of Re- the conferees of.the House would agree there. fereessf the Senate were willing to admit, that 110omillUS 1SRiggs's
presentatives consider it wrong to explain or a- to, to modify the Seiiate's amendment so as to generally it wotild not be advisable to embarrass Truly Fortuna e Lottery Office, next door be-
mend any act, by which salaries or pay are regu read as follows: a measure embracing the mass of appropriations iow Crawford's Tavern,
lated, by tihe provisions of an appropriation law. p"o- additional pay,rations and forage, to of. deemed necessary, by insisting on one of a doubt. Bridge-street, Georgetown-
But ifit were right, the short debate which oc- ficers having brevet commissions, when corn- ful nature, they did not consider the argument Persons or companies purch sing ten or more
erred in ithe House of Representatives on the manding separate posts, districts or detach- as in any degree affecting the present case, tlhe Tickets, will be allowed a cedit until the
Senate's amendment sufficiently proves, that merits, requiring them to act in their brevet appropriation insisted on by them not being drawing is com;;le'ed, by giving an approved
the adoption of that amendment might change' rank, during the months'of January, February doubtful in its nature; because, according to endorsed note All prize ti.keta in other late
little the ground of argument, but would not and March, of the present year, nine thousand any fair construction that can be given the law Littu-ies wial he received in payment for tic-
terminate the controversy. dollars." of 1812, and adopting that preferred by the kets. Orders from any part of the U. States,
e..-. ..amnoo.rfi the i, o0fea ,th.c ro- The confereesoftheHouse ofReprcrsentatives H]ouse of l-Reprgesitativcs' ;ome expenditure is enclosing the cash, will be promptly attend-
"isioh propo ed by the Senate is, therefore, un- refused to agree to this proposal, and as they authorized and must be resumed to'take place ed .t,.
itisfactory ; and to insist upon an appropria- neither proposed nor suggested any unodifica- Under it, before an ex. lavatory law can be. pass- feb 15-
tio previous to an a! endment,is to insist either tion of said amendment, to which they would ed; and an appropriation to. meet such expen-
that the one body shall conform its appropria- give tleir assent, the conference, after .being diture did not appear to them of a doubtfulI na- FOUTND,
tions (not to its own construction of existing continued as long as there was any prospect of ture, and on such alone they insisted. It ap- rv,,nt
laws, but) to that of the other body, or that arriving at.a favorable result, terminated with- feared also to the conferees of the Senate, that Ya servant b, b' on Wednesday night.kst 1
both shall adopt, what both believe to be erro- out the conferees of the two houses being able the construction given the law for several years d Ladyr of the Presidet's ouse, upposedar te be-
neous, the construction of the executive gov- to come to any agreement on the subject there- by the government, and acquiesced in by Con- lon to soe lady attending the drawing obe-
e"fment of. gress,, allowing brevet officers such pay as is that night. It wll be returned to the oner
The committee of the House ofnRepresenta, now asked,gavethose officers reasonablegroUnd hatight. It illbe returnedto the o er
ties believe, that respect for the rights of both HOUSE OF REPRSENTATIVS. to expect a ontinuance thereof s long as the bypeying at ths oie,ad the payment of
houses, requires that the act of 1812 should be rFn. 12, 1818. law continued in force; and, as the expenditure feb 16-
amended, by defining more precisely the con- Report of the Committee appointed on the part of now proposed to be provided for did not arise eb 16
tingencies in which brevet pay shall be due, or, the Houso of Representatives, to conulr with a out ofany new consItcuction of the law, and had,
if this be impracticable, by authorismig it in all Committee of the Senate, on the subject of thv at least in part, already accrued, they conside:- PUBilC SAL.E,
cases, or in none. The bill which passed the disagreeing votes of the twoo houses, on the a. ed it the duty of the-two Houses to provide for N .pursuance of a decree of the honorable
House of Representatives at its last session may mendmentt of the Senate to the bill making ap. it in the general appropriation, law, and not C hancery Court ,.tf-he District of Cu olum
explain the amendment which it then prefer proriations for the military service of the Unit- leave it to be provided for in o a ct which may bai, bearing date november 6, 1817, I will of.
red; but .it now insists only that the amending ed States for the year 1818. or may not pass; and they could see no ground fer' for sale at public action, on F.i ay. the
lawi should first determine to whom pay is-due, The committee appointed on the part of the for postponing the appropriation now insisted 17th day of April next, if fair, if not, on the
before an appropriation should-be made.for its House of Representatives, to confer with a com- on by them that would not equally apply to any next fair. day, (Sundsy excepted) that most
payment- mittee of the Senate, on the subject of the dis- other asked for to meet an expenditure ready desirable and well situated square of ground
"The committee of the House of Representa- agreeing votes of the two Houses, on the amend- incurred under any law that it might be sug- in Geo:-getown,with the improvements thereon,
lives consider it necessary to fair-and free le- ment of the Senate to the bill making appropri- gested required amendment. late he property of Aenj.min Soddcrt deceas c
gtslationuthat appropriatitons, egard-tothe nations for the military service of tie United The.cnferees of lit iexpelt. icr explicitly a:.d now occupi d ty Doctor Thomas 1v
propriety or the extent of whichthe two houses States for the year 1818, have met the commit- they would not insist on miakihng, at this time, ell. Ttil piece of ground is. bo-unded on the
find, after deliberation, that they still differ, tee of the Senate, in pirsuance of their ap- any appropriation, with a.view of covering an .south by Falls-street, on the west by Fu ee i
should be separated from those which both con- pointment. They considered it right to offer expenditure which should accrue subsequent to ,,n :he north Iy Pr- aspect and on' the east by b
;sider as necessary to the public service. If ei- to the committee of the Senate the following the period at which an explanatory law relating Frederick street, and is more than 240 feet -
thei brach of the legislature determine, that exposition of the views which they supposed to the matter in question could be supposed to square. It will either be sold entire or will be t
it will not make the g eat mass of necessary ap- the House of Representatives.to have taken in pass, and which might, therefore, be either au- divid d ito building lots, as may best suit
propriations, while there remains one unprovi- disagreeing to the amendment of t'ie Senate theorized or controlled bv sliuch law; and though P'urch. ser,, for which ,pu pose a correct plat l
ded for, which it considers to be proper, it in the hope that it might obviate or lessen the the sum requisite to meet the expenditure that wtli be exhibited on the day of sale. c
throws upon the other branch the necessity of difficulties which separated the two Houses. must accrue under the existing law, before it Notes s-tistactorily endorsed will required
concurring in an appropriation, which it may By the construction of the law of 1812, which can be altered, could not be exactly ascertained, .f he pur'e.ase s, at 6,12,18 24 months,with c
believe that neither the law nor the public in- the committee of the House of Representatives it mtght be estimated with nearly tie same ac' mitere't from da-e, for the. purchase more\ ;
terest requires, or of endangering all the ap- believed to be adopted by that House, the pay curacy that sums for other objects are ; and -,n raifeicltion o; the sale by theClance'yCourt, b
-propriations of the government. The commit- of a brevet commission is due only when the of- therefore its uncertainty appeared to tiem to l'1 an. com;leti teeoffhe House of Representatives hope, that ficer exercises a command to which his lineal form no solid objection to thie measure. aamcien. titles will be given. The sale to
the appropriations which both houses deem ne- rank would not entitle him. To such corn, For tie purposetherefore, of providing for c smmence atSemmes's Tavern at one o'clock v
cessary, wiil be made ; and that the appropria- mawul, under the President's general order of such expenditure alone as must, in any event, P. M v
tion for brevet'officers, which the Senate sug- ` 1816 and 1817, he may be assigned, upon spe- take place, and leaving thie two houses to act T. T. GANTT, Trustee. e
gests will be left t6 be provided for,when an a- ci:d and temporary occasions. It is believed, in regard to the subject in future as each should fb 16-S2awtd .
amendment to the act of. 1812 shall determine-f tiom the amendment proposed by the Senate, consider correct, without being considered in "
Wbat that appropriation ought to be." that their construction is not very different from any manner compromitted by the appropri7-tion -
The confereeson the part of tihe Senate ad- this. The construction of the War"Departnient that might now be made-;:aindanxious to recon- CioverSeed, Jutter, &c., P
mi"tted that doubts might exist as to tie proper however, is very 'ifferent. The committee of- 'ile, as far as practicable, the views entertained T WrNTY -1te bushels clover seed a
construction of the a-t.of 1812, allowing pay to the House of Representatives consider it wroig by both houseson this subject, by makingthose 300 lbs r 11 bu'.er g
brevet officers, and. that it might be fund ex- to explain or ammend.an act by which salaries of the House of Representatives, as far as, in 0U0 ib -rkn o m. 01
pedient to'remove such.doubts by anexplanato- pay is regulated by the provisions, of an app.ro-.their opinion, a due regard to correct legi la- 20 bbis whiskey .
ty law, defining-more precisely the contingen- priatlon law. But if it were right, the short de- tin, ad the duty they owe the Senate, would Juit received and for sale by
cies in which such pay should be allowed; but bate which occurred in the House of Represen- atuthorise, the conferees of the Senate propos. THOMAS HUGHES, te
as9 according to the construction given that law tatives on -the Senate's amendment, sufficiently ed, if the. conferees of the House of' Itepre- feb 16- .
by the House:of Representatives, as stated by proves, that.tat amendment might chane a. sentatives would.agree thereto, to modify tie W
Their conferees, which accords, substantially,. little the ground of argument, but would not Senate's amendment, so as to read as follows: lUMoll Cica laStinigLibrary. w
Switch that contained in the tenra e'aamendment, terminate the controversy. For additional pay, rations, & forage, to of- It OOKS recently added to tthe Union C. Li-
expenditures to a certain extent would i-e Ie- As an amendment of the law of 1812, the ficers having brevet commissions, when con.- L brary, Hitgh street, George'ownm
Sally authorized under it, and must be supposed provision proposed by the Senate is, therefore manding separate posts, districts, or detacti- Balance of-Cmnfoi!, 2 vois. by Mrs. Ross c
to have taken place, and to continue to take unsatisfactory, and to insist upon an appropria' ments, requiring them to acd in their brevet Knigit of St. John, 2 vols. by Miss Maria bt
place, until the law shall be altered, the-con- tion previous to an amendment, is to insist rank, during thae.months of January, February Porter
ferees of the Senate were of-opinion, that an either thatthe one body shallconfor, mitsappro- and March, ofthepreseunt year, nine thousand White Cottage ed .
appropriation sufficient to cover such probable priatiul, not to its owi construction of existing dollars." Leiers from the South, 2 vols
expenditure ought now to .be .made, without laws, but to that of the other body, or that both The committee of the House of Representsa- The Hero, or the adventures of a Knight
waiting for the passage of such explanatorylaw. shall adopt, what both believe to be erroneous, tives did not consider this modification as in airn Life of Patrick Henry -
They did rist think such law should b-e ma.'e to the construction of the executive government. material degree lessening the objection to th \ WiVlsmn's Sk:tchei of the Military Power of 1
have a retrospective operation, so as to affect The committee of the House of Represeuta- Senate's amendment. They should prolong Rusia in 1817 ti
Sxspendi are'i.: lly incurred before its passage ives believe, that respect for thie rights of buth tleir report unreasonably, if they were to re- The Brid-lof V umniond o
-nor coula th,,.:. perceive how thle passage of Houses requires that the act of 1812 should be peattlhe answers which;were given to the argu- The 1I:n-rrt, 2d par:, 3 vols.
such a law.could be deemed necessary to deter-- amended, by defining, more precisely, tile con- ments of the committee ofthp Senate. In one 'Adopted DaUighter
mine the propriety of making an appropriation, tingepcies in which pay shall be due, or. if ttis respecttthey seem to h've bev-si misunderstood. U-clebs D.ceived
to,mneet an expenditure wh ich it could not re- be nipracticable, by authorizing it in all cases, The committee ofthe Senate consider them as Lement of Tassc, by Lord Byron
gulate. I h--% I... n,I' 11--I .i, generally, it would or in none. The bill which passed the House admitting, that, under a-just construction ofthse Welsh. Mountaineers, 2 vols be
neot be the most correct course to amend a law :of Representatives, at its last session, may ex- law of 1812, some expenditure must be pre.- Ldy Morgan's, Frauce
establishing salaries, or authorizing an expendi-, plain die amendment which it then preferred; .surned to take place,aod to require alt appro. Pnillips's Speeches A t
ture, by a provision in a general appropriation but it now insists only that the amending law priation in this year But they have made no M-"uneville, 2 vols. by Win. Godwin, a tale te
la w, though they believed,there was no clonsti- should first determine to whom pay is due, be- such admissionn. In the army of the United of the 17Ih century. in England
tutionaL pr legal objectioi to' such a course; fore an appropriation should be made for its States there is notoriously a. number of officers Ouline of the Revolution in Spanish- &ieri- of
but t;ey stated further, 1st--That the Seniate's payment. it every high grsde disproportionably great raa, by # South American
:amendment: was not designed as ,ar alteration Thecommittee of.the House of Representa- when compared with the number of men whom feb 16- o
of the law of 1812, but only expressing the con- fives consider it necessary to a fair and free le- they command, and, if brevet officers are enti- 'i-'
stru,-til of ti.t I '..., which appeared to the Se- gislation, that appropriations, in regard to the tied to additional pay only when they command, FUR LIVERPOUL,
nate the corrrct'one, and restricting the sum propriet, or the extent of which thle two Iouses posts requiring them to.act in their brevet rank, -'- I-THE Shio NEW-IERISEY, An. kt
Appropriated to the discharge of expenditures find, after deliberation, that they still -;ffer (and such is the construction of thie Senate,) Ih'ny Hudgkinsn, mnae-, wi e i
incurred pursuant to such construction; which should be separated from those wich both it may reasonably bepresumed, that, while peace sail so soon ashe na atos t
it is. prestimedmay be done, on the same princi- consider as necessary to the public service. If continues, there will no where be fottund that is willtae a f ri, ps oil
ple that other specific appropriations are made either branch of the legislature determine that leticiency of ;neal rank which will require bre- sengers, 'avnI.r good accommodion. Phe it
applicable to the objects designated, an i to no it will not make the great mass of necessary vet officers to act. wilretumn directly from L .verf.ool to lexan
their. 2d. If the objection be to the words in appropriations while there remains one u o- s the conferees of the Senate thought the dr a For as e apply to the Ca on 'e
pAsenthe o nferees of tle Senate tougt te r a. For passage apply to the Captain on ce
the. enate's amendment, which .restricts the v;dcd for, which it considers to be proper, it objection urged by those of the House of Re- board, or-o JOSEPH DEAN. pai
application ofthe sum appropriated to services throws upon. the other branch the necessity of 'presentativestothie course pursued by the Se- Alexandria, feb 16-lw
performed by brevet officers, when acting in concurring in.an appropriation which it may be- nate, that it made the p isage of the large
their brev.et rank, the conferees of the Senate lieve that neither the law nor the pubhc inter- number of appropriations in which both hou.-
Sor strike out those words, and have est requires, or of.endangerng.a al ss concur, depend uponthat of one, in r- 00 Dolls ewad.
the sum appropriated applicable to services priations orsthe governinent. Tfhe committee pect to which they differ, an objection iinapphl.- Y WILL give ite above reward f,,o the ap- J-
performed.by such officer t wly-greeabl of tihe House of Representatives hope that tle cable to the subject, the cinititees were tob- Lprehension of my nierto rian CLEM, and
to the terms of the estimates. Though the con- appropriations which both houses deem necessa- liged to separate, without agreeing on the sub- his white SOPHY, both of whoe left my tar ,.
ferees of the Senate were willing toadmit, that r will. be made, anid that the appropriation for Jrect of the Senate's amendment. The commit- about the middle of May. Clem, who calls '
generally, it would not be adiiseable to embar- brevet officers whiich the Senate suggest will-be tee of the Houtse of Representatives regret that himself Clenu Hill, is a slim black fellov,about ,t
rass a measure, emiubracing the mass of appro- left to be provided for when an amendment to such has been the result, and have only to hope, 6 feet high, end 22 or 23 years of age. Sopihy .
priations deemed necessary, by insisting on one the act of 1812 shall determine what that ap- that, if they have mistaken or muisapplied the a short trunchy girl, about 16 or 18 years ot .'a
ofsa doubtful nature, they (id not consider the propriation ought to be. principleswhich ougit toregulatetheconduct iof age, quite black, with thick he.>'v tip, grrin (uy
argument as in any degi'ce affecting the present The committee of the Senate, in answer to the two houses, on the subject of appropriations" countenance, and apparently 5 or 6 months ad ,1
case, the appropriation insisted on by them not these observations, supported their amendment bills, that their errors may be corrected by the vanced in her pregnancy. I will give the a le
being doubtful in its nature, because, according by argumnients, which they have since reduced to wisdom ofthe house. b-.ve reward to any person whoi will secur, t,.
to any fair construction that can be given the writing, and which tthe committee of the lioue ~ them bo'h in any jail sohb! taI get thaier, oir 70 h
law of 1812, and adopiitg.thatpreferred by the of Representatives are thus enabled to re port Flying M/achine.-A' country clergy r cem a1 30 or Sophy if taken and deliver- h
House of Representatives, some expenditure is mure accurately than they could otherwise have man ivt. Lower d, has been so epartey L,
authorisedand must be presumed to take place done. ewi ave a in Lower Saxonyhas beenso lappy SAML.SP1GG.
under it, before an explanatorylaw can be pass- The conferees on the part of the Senate ad as tio succeed in accomplih the invs built Bade- Northaupton Farm, 117near
el, >..1 t napropriatiol to meet such. expen- emitted that doubts might exist, as to the proer on ol a airship. Thime machine is built Bdensbrg, June 6, 7. ,
diture did not appear to them ofa dotubtfuli na- construction of the act of 1812, allowim g y of light wood ; it is made to float in the june 14-2rwt *
tre and ot such alone thesy hsisted t ap to breveo officers, an that it lght be fotud air chiefly by, meas of the constant ac- 'OR
the construction given the law for several years atory law defining more precisely the cotoin- liar conlat eptio, wfich occupies w a e V U n, who is st
by the government, and acquiesced ii b.hy the agencies in which such payshould be.allwed ar cont io which occupies in the rate cook. lhe understands making pstry con
dCongress, allowing bri'evet officer- siuch pay as st s, ,.:c. ,*..,n.; to the construction o iven tha ont e, position of the lungs and the en-ts, pres-rvos, &c. She hiss two children
is now asked, gave those officers reasonable law i t:|e Ho... e of Repiresentatives, as stated neck of a bird on the wing. The wings tol be soad with iet--a b-y about 4 or 5 year:i
groundto expect oti,,l .ric. thereof, so long by their conferees,, wihichi accords substantially on-boih sides are directed by .hin corcis old, s irl about IS ',tiths.
asthe law :contm-,,> ii h,. .e; ami, as the ex- with that confined in lhei Senate's amendment, The height to which \ie tf'arme boy ver ply at the bar of the Union T
penditure ow pro ed to be provided fop, expenditures to a certain extent woudbe 1 vern, Georetown
did not alse out u, rw new construction ofle gaily authorized :"der it, and.must .es.ou d (0 or 12 vears 0fuge)ihon the iriven- +. ? -3.1':"--
la-g, and had.at least in part, already accrued,. t6 liave -taken place and to contmin-,e to take t has structe inte management of
they considered it tithe duty oftu-e two tt.tss to place, unti.thme law shitll be altered, the con it. has hitherto ascended w th it, is not Sign and OGrnaniantal Paimtin.o-
prqvtde vor it-. the era! approupi-ritio alw, ime-ees of the Sena'e were of opinion that an considerable, because his attention has --(r N P. FONDM .-.;ecet'nliv ,nor-m tht A
aid m v not eave it t be proved fr iul act appropnsiatin asuficieut to coter such probable been more directed to give a progressive J citizens or WauatT'on and its vici.-m, a ,
wio groundorposa:p s, ig th e approypriationlnow seexe.fdr t-e osg mute mae, withtot thon ar-ascendingmotion to his machine. .h htehas commenced the above busines-. i, apt
insisted on by the.that would not equally ap- They did not. tlink such aw should lie made to ItiINT [.,P(; dens a .d Co's chair mantfiA, -iol, nei e hle so- eut
ply to any other asked fob, to meet n- cxnodi- have a 'etrosoecti'e Pne-ti(,, oo de .. a, .d-C.'sch nu ..o... her- e e.so- cu


tune already nu-'edei, uidi- r an: iatw that i:h epen-lituri-es1h:gall--y in ---rredbVS- -- -pasage -F- -----"-',--- - T -I"at-it L-v." vim er andiuaterk g utom-
m ight e suggested req red lt :d h t. n n o diOF EVERY n ouCh yPTe-iv hZw h-cps eon AT pate- vs o.,- tne ralfd atifi wi-n
tmenorycouidl fyperceive how thepass?.gewotsucM 'illis OYi /cK, Jmnl4-2awow if


100 (foflaryg I'1 ild.' -
Y- AN away from the farn of the t:e i.it. e .
l.t Clarke,inPrince Georges' county. i-2d a.c.r
Upper Marlboro', on Saturday, tbe 2Jdl efZFo.
vnen.ber, a negro man tii-ned 0.botr, abuto5
Sor 40 years old, 6 feet high, black cbi-.plexiun ;
his person is spare, broad shoulders, btoops a
little in his walk, slow in speech, grave coun-
-enance when spoken to. has a down look, and
eldom smiles-his hair, when combed, is ful.
ler than is generally o-bserved in persons of his
color. He has been accuro-orned to driving a
aarriage-asgood gardener-snd a good pmhatit.
'ion negro at any kind of work. His clothing
s unknown.. He has: a another -living in the
ieighborhiood of Col.larwood; lie will attempt
o pass as a fteemr.n.
The above reward will he given if taken and
confined in any gaol so that I-we h;i,' again:
R- I-IHARD DUCKETT,
Executor of laniel Cia-rke.
N. B.-Ail masters of vessels and onteirs,.are.
forewarned from harboring or employing salud
fellow
jan 14-tf
S'F1'Y DJOLLAR.S L;i-.N',W t, ).
I' AN away on Saturday night !,It, a light
mr. mulatto boy named ISAAC, about i 1 or
18 years of age, 5 feet 9 or 10 inches high, or
thereabouts; wore a great deal of straight aind
long hair on his head, dark eyes, and turns
pale when- slightly alarmed. Had on a dark
brown coat, and a fur hat. Took with him se-
veral linen shirts with ruffles, end a large dark
brown great coat, with be/t and bttrpa : othir
cloath ing not known.
It is probable that he has gone on board one
of'the Potomac -wood boats, or has made his
way to Baltimore or Alexandria, with a view
to go to sea.
The above reward will be given to any per-
son who shall -ecure the above named siive in
any gaol Without the limits of the District of
Columbia; so that .I get him again, and twerty-
five dollars if taken and secured within the
District.
oct 17- H. CLAY
'FINE FARMS "G ,-VI t.,

A NK.UMBER of French emigrants, who have
-a. not been themselves practical. farmer,
are desirous to share with. good honest fami.
lies a portion oftheir grants, in cmnsideratioai
of the experience and capacity of person' w-lio
have been habituated toagrioulture. As eve-
cy kind of farming, the cultivation of cottoig,
sugar, maize, wheat, potatoes and grain, and
e, :ib1,:_- of every kirid, will, offiecessity, be
.rri c. ,..r, in the settlement, as well as, tho'e
Of the vine and olive, person who may be s-o.
uatomied to any will be acceptabie; and for
his purpose. ONE HUNDRED FAMILIES. of
persons accustomed to farming busin.:es, will
e. presented each with a haadsmiiue la-m lot
'f ground,-in fee simple forever, iand without
ine:dollar cost, only on the condition of thm:
family actually settl ng on and improving- the
and by any husbandry that may be most ac.
ceptable to the settler.
These firms will be laid out on thF g-antof
Congress to time Frenchl emigrants, among tie
iew settlements on the Totibigby, in the Ala-
uania Territory; the richness of the s6il, and
he salubrity of the climate are qtimd to any
ni the world; the plain reason for making
these gifts of land is to obtain an aditional,
igorous and active population; as ;he propri-
tors are perfectly aware .;,t ii is by a.nu-
nerous population society is, enriched, aRnd its
omlorta and iecuriy augmenrted. .
Families with' numerous children will be
referred:; and those who carry.their wives
ndi families will be considered as entitled to
greater consideration, in proportion to their
umber, health and industry.
It need not be remarked, because it must
e perceived, that those who go upon the ""
terms obtain all the oppottuniit/es of bei,.er,-
ig their condition, and profiting by the growth
f a new colony ; and of obtaining gradually
healthy settlemenitsby their imidustry for their
;m itie .. .
Application from persons who propose ac-
epting these offers-, tust be made wilh re-
ommendations from person sof credit, fcr none
ut the sedate and midusirious will be receiv-
I, to
V. M. GARESCZE,
No. 229, Market street, Phiuadelphis, and to
CtIARLES VILLAii,
At Eagleville, the chiief town of thi new set-
ierent, who will be on the spot the beginwivig
March next.
Philadelphia, dec 15--dlw,2%wtf
PUBLIC SALE.
f vIrtue of tan order of the O:phaus' Court
I of Prince Ge,a;rges' Co,;nty, the subscri.
rs w!lh expose to pubi c sale, ot Tuesday,
17th d',y of Fnbruary. next, at 10 o,'c.uelk
M. iffair, if not, thetfirstr fir dy) tlierc4f
-, at ihe late residence of Mrs. Raich..t Wi},-
ims Turnier, deceased, in the neighborhood
Thj nias-M, gr'tder'stav rn, ;a--u of ihe per-
nat zstaie of the siid dec eased, toni:.tit-m of
,.e valuable: egroe, har s:, cat: .', shic-p &
is, a quw.ntity of Indian corn, rye, bacon,fod.
straw, plantation um e-'iis, hotuehold a,,d
chen furniture, and ma:iy other articles not
re ni-vtiooned. The terms ofssle arl' a cre-
of' sax mon,hs for all Stns over 20 dails.
the purchaser or purchiscrs giving bond
th L,in)ovei sciurilty for the 'l payment uf
purchase opncy-, wih intere:,t theeon frcm
day of %ale. Sums under, the cash to be

H. WOODWARD,
JONA. BALL,
-.- Ixecutort -
an 37-w3w
PU BL!C SALE.
Y order of the Orphans Cuturt of NsoVtgo.
mery County, time stob.;s,.-er vwiit e.-',ose
putihc sale,to thie h!nghe-.t r icer..on i,.-'i'-e
the 26th inst. if fsis, if not, the .-j;'i i.ir
Stherceafter, at the late resiidence o. henry
ver nd '-iary Cuiver, lute of said county,
;e.a -l., nil the persouli estate of tle s.r ,l
.ry Cuilver and Miary C(iulve:; ai ccl of
lable slaves, consisti; > oh r.ter, wom-.un,boys
fg>r s ; iou'-i-ho.-i. and kitcmlieu fuinut-ire ;
seS, Iatluied catt) d, iluus it-nd sheet ; corn-
Scorn fodder ; rye an.d straw ; ayv; plan-
on utenstiss ; and uanty other artit les too
u'os to mention. ThIe term, of s.a de .-': 6
nth crodut on all (ins abou' l;re inilhass by

ur.-st trtmn the duy of I-: till pa:d; a.,d all
as i tlive duisars and mimder lhe-cas.. niuot be
d Ssle -o ceorin)ruc, at 1in l o'clock, and
tiunue fro-n d"y to d'y 'i' .i .r! ar e.I'.
Rxecutor cf Hen:r;, LIV.. ', s;ut aim'iir
,t" MZ-mary Cuive,. .
b 12 -w2,,

Nolte.
TEACH:?'i. w:ne'., a tintn wthli. i. a good
t l. tea,.h e.cher, in all its .lu-s r..- na ch
ari will re-:eve libe-ira'l encou'.-'r-e ent by
Iyin. to eutlc : o0" t:i- tiboctr.bet'- ly letters
mule 'Aitc, new- PoolEvihie, Mi'nt o'maery
ntt, Md.
,i \MiS M. ItAWV/X, -


ltlChizi ) GO1".
'i 51-%wt'