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National intelligencer
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00011
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: January 10, 1818
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00011
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text



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I 7


'o.XIX ~A~NJIVNS IDA Yj, P. NUARY 1iO 1818 N.~O


PU ISHED vY GLES & SEATON, ... law, ought to be allowed for ihe rdemption' of and delivered to a gentleman, who is a
IB TIEAW4 W AhLnds sold for direct taxes, and piurebhsed by member an>d chairman of a conim ittee
THSic TIES A y, collectorIs ii, behalflof the *UnitedStates, P- of this louse. a letter, of the contents of'
'c .llat a year, paid in a nce. IN SENATE.-JAN. 8. suant to law : And that the said c-.71i -.Is. lcb yu. are aprie. Before 1 po-
,-- W ii -r- also.instruoted to inquire into the E ( i-r- ,. hcb you are. alprizeiv befo e .Ip -
The bill fixing the compensation of the of makini- provision by law t., .ci,, .... ,,, cied.i to propound to you any irt.-. r..Ir.i '
FRIDAY. JANUARY 9. members of the Senate and of tle House whose, lan ds may have been -_... tor tr.,' pJ,- ries on ui ,,!iijecc, .i Will ap.ipr,z.. %- u
of Representatives ; and the bill to incor- meant of the direct tax, to redeeli. the same by that,,if you have any r request to make of"
porate tie ColumbianInsurance Company v. is_'-OC .nrn-iIir sa lir d... -l. be : the Hibitse; if you wish for counsel, for
The bill to fix the compensation of of Alexandria, were received from. the o .'- to sia s d.. e'' e'.. .'.l'- r.',,,'-ible time, for witnesses-for any
the Members of Congress, iasi passed-- othertloue, read and passed to a second. CASE Of" COL. JOIN ANDERSON'. of t -: p il-t belonging to perso;.s
S e -ranc'h ,of .the Le:gislature, reading. 'The Speaker having stated to the in similar situations, the House is dispo-
T h eba of t -e Le "iThe bill from.the House of Represen- Hoise that the Sergeant at arms had sOd to grant it. if you do not wish for.
nd will probably pass through the other tatives for the.relief of John Thom.son, returned on' the. warrant issued.to him tilne, for counsel, or for witnesses, trhe
with less difficulty than was to have been was reported by Mr. Roberts from the yesterday, that he ad tiecuitcd tli-i. sA-e Seaker will proceed to put to you such
reasonably apprehended,'considering how committee of claims,-without amend- i the body of Jshn And.-rson iltclcira InftCIur.tsrnt uis tmay seem proper."
many of the Members.had been instruct- ment. named, and that he ho'. 1I.1.-1 lm I in I,i 1.- ilns llie isorier at the bar replied,
ed on the subject by their constituents. The engross, i bill to allow the benefit custody' y subject to the further order and in 'tibst'ni.nc, although i.lim-tr ci ,-that,
Sgenera. consent, debate a little of drawback.on merchandize transported direction of the House : I s peru-iit situation, he desired the
By general consent, deate, a e by land conveyance from Boston to Bris- Mr. 1orsiyth offered the :ollbwing re- ass tance of counsel ; he desired time
skirmishing excepted, took place on it, tol, and from Bristol to Boston ; and soltition: until to-morrow, and the opportunity of
in the House through which it has pass- The engrossed bill to allow to the state S.esolved, That a cfimittee of .Privileges, summoning witnesses -to testify to 'the
ed ; and this course will hardly be disap- of Indiana three per cent. f the nett pro to consist of seven members, bea pointed, and chl-acter he had sustained through life.
proved, when it is recollected how wide- ceedsof the sales' of United States' land that lie sdid committee b,. ,isi i.. A to ee- Vhereupon the Sergeant at Arms was
proveinthat state; were several read the port a mode of proceeding, in tie caie ,.f .J i hi ited to take the prisoner rom the
ly the subject hasbeen discussed in eve- t. -- Andeirson, who was taken into custody"-.',: -ri- I'. i .t
ry Legislative body and popular assem- 'Ihe several reports of the committee da by order other ose ;and tesa com- mecoeaotoo l -astohe
ro o h ittdeehave leave to sit .......e c. Some conversation took place as to the
bly for the last eighteen months. Little of claims unfavorable to the petitions of This mention gave rr. tou a 'dbtte of precise pmode 6o proceedi'.g, which re
fault, it is presumed, will be found with William Esenbeck,. of John 1hoiw:, and nearly two hours in i 1 -i, not s- 1r.uich suited in. d:awig up a resolution that the
the amount of pay, which we consider of William Purcel, were successively- on the propriety of the paioiilai pr. Speaker be authorized, to.ina&rm the ac-
an equitable, coto)pomize between the taken up and agreed to. ceeding proposed, as oui th h. ih'.. ul cu a-cd rhai Tie Hoius comply with lhis.
advocates of the hig.est-anaorothe lowet A- ni .rchportf i ...the.ilitary corn i...ctili; at atin tihe case. This de- requests
.i. ice on thepetitionof William ebbert. b.t- is nru toi ,,Itr- i i'g -o bte .m!rtcdr, Mr. H ,.'r. t mr.ved to namende the mo
rates. Eight dollars per day is certainly was also a 4c. l to, and as tco l.rrg io tsr 'cunmpt i.-, r I tion, so as that theaccused be furnished
a smaller allowunci now, than' was six The resolution submitted yestefdayby in our present s,.ias. Ii. ..iall b- i r.... -[ previously, with a copy of the written in
dollars, wh-n ti.t rate was established, Mr, Tait, t6 request t!e Pi'esident.of the ed td-morrou. ii .:.,a.bl. M,. bL<.,i.i, terrogatories to be put toh.im.
at the lowest'ebb- of our financial resour- United' States to cause to be 'laid beti'e Mr Liv,,ru ore and Mr. B'.'l, tool the Tothis Mr. .'""..;,';'.bjected, became
ces, in the' ear 1789. The obnoxious the Senate .the proceedings which rnsy ,r.-,umnd that the proceeding ofthe Hobuse it would be in-on-aielnt with the object
have been had under the act entitled an .,J been radically wrong, ifoot unconsti- of this examination. The object was to
salary feature beingxund ro our act for the gradual increase of the Navy tioial': Messrs. Forsyth, Tucker, H0op- ascertain whether the accused admitted
statutes, never to be revived, it is behliev of the United States;'specifying the num- kinson, Pitkir, Suergeait ai Comstock or 'denied the offence imputed to him.
ed that the people will be entirely satis- ber of ships put on the stocks, 'and of took the opposite ground. If he denied it,'it would be for the House:
fled With the course that Congress have .What class ;, and the quantity and kind .,!' The resolution. 'as finally agreed t ;t to sub-starntijie it: if -he admiitied it, it
take, on this subject, m lii.iie procured f4r soip i butldr p and and Messis.F'orti'" HokAi.. '':, ,- Ar, was for the lHouse to proportion its decti-
S.o i s thee sumsf money %hici nmay have Set i -,, n /it.. ol Ky .A-. and la,- sioithereoi to the magnitude of the of-
u t.ime anpacehav been so much been paid out of the fundcreated by said ,or, appointed a c.mitte codiily fence.
u tme and space have been so mu act, and for what objects: and likewise .The house theii pifoc-eded to tether Mr. -Herrick ui hdrc.his first motion,
occupied, of-late, .with. the Proceedings the contracti-which may have been_-enter- business, though the case o, (1 o. Ander- and moved that the accused be furnished
of Congress, that- we have been allowed- ed into in execution of the act aforesaid, sontwas subsequently -sumed, as ~ilh be with a copy of the letter which was the
little opportunity for attending to any .on which moneys may not yet have been seen. o ground of this proceeding; to which was
other concerns. Nor 1 our occupatin advanced; was taken up and agreed to The engrossed bill, making a further added, on suggestion of Mr. Rich, a copy
likely to be lessened, the proceedings d to te con- appropriation (of :..r,io:i dollars) for re- of the statement of Mr. TWiamsi accoin-
Congress assuming daily a high in- sideration of I' hfh it,I 'resoliion, of- pairing the Public l1il.li.s 'was i"w ad Pi"- the ileyterh it -e
Coteress novasenow ge feredyt.tdy by Mr. C-'..': s third tiuc, p..scd n,,. ,,t nt!,c c..Ia. i hus amenidedl, the resolution ccor,,-
terest. R. Resolved, Thatthe committee on military a- bll tiomthg Sat ,trg i I- in.g these privileges to the accused, :was
The novelcase now before the House fairs be instructedto inquire intothe expe'ien- sante *Ii-,tiacks. on ,roois utrasp .svcu by agreed to,
of Representatives,.on whick a 1Debatc o f rearing by t he nomintonn of-land.between Bristol a d ....trn, as it The prisoner having been rtnandrr t
gents to Indian tribes to be subm itted to the he pr -o n er h oi ben-- .
-:some vivacity took place.yesterday, ex-' Senate bfor their co. i..,rlt i,, they were transported coasrtwise, was 'to the br of the house-
cites much notice. Such,cases have for- ike manner as is n T ,,sTrsu,.rl i futirr .l'he.c, twice read and committed: he SsEAKR addressed him nearly
now are. n .JUIICIA l: tCOnDS, &c. as follow:, .
tunately been so rare, that as precedents. Mr. Tait st.getetd whetherit would The House then spent some fime in .John Anderson: I am d;irc-.ci i,- in.
they are not re .,drd with so much Ic,- not be proper tu .mbrace Ethin the ob comniitteeoIf the whole, on the bill. to form yiou ihit, pursu.a to )your rteetL..,
ertin, as to exempt-the present course. jects ofinquiry the apr.ointn erit. also of p'r 'c isbc the ell'ct of certain records :,,,d you are It hlbc :y t, cTgai.ce .ili co,un-
of the li usie of RLpr,~.eri'taiieS from an the Sulperinitenmii.t ot Indiaiz affairs: It iJudi ial proctciilit. ". : 1., you er ,:>,\ i ,ik it ; h' t th e Clier,
enquirv into its constitutionally. It .is wasan office oi much inpomtanct. and re- I'he -question bL-in. still on striking oi irc- louse ui il lurrti..h )..u ih i uch
ex e s a poirsibility. he said; through which was out the second Ctiton .'f the icbil ; .which .;u .h.a-t'.-i -s itnri,.c s ia 3so, ...,y ithlil.
decided oinioonon. i.-l t ko ex l _I a ... u.i ed -lari'te su,-siof the public mo-, was opposed by Mr. H. .:'L,, and ad- prbper, .and that you ti11 al-u lturiiish-
decided opinion thi point ; bUt, orom i, but it ua L s ,'-oai -i p,;..: ,. i ..cted by.Mr. Bartro. ,.. ed with a copy.: of the 'letter on: which
what has already taken place, it is obvi.- without the concurrence of the Snate. i iia is a 'ujcit toi dr; '. hni t= I-rs:;redirigs are founded, 'aid of the
oosly a question in ti-egrd'to which much --.ii.-cc.. ;/,!,',cacc.pted the amendment. calto interest readers general) ; but it statefmeinlercT-rr,-i.i-i, ri'.n-ir.'-:*.f Lmi.
may besaid on both sides. suggested to thie smiluiiin by Mr. T.it. has afforded an occasion forbthe display house which acc 'mjnirid it. I ,sis luI-
The disctuIiori which hasalreaa'y tasiei Mr. .lorr'i rem1rkitd ttiat he pre- of much legal ability and elouence. their directed to inform you that t6-mor--
lace .i of u .i l sumed the superint.ndent of Indian trade t Mr. S'piencer .ihad risen to defend the row at on-i o'clock is the time assigned
place l o r iutal import, concern, as meant, as there was. no such officer section, when, info ,illiiioi.' h viiLbn' been for further procLediIs in t his case."
as t does, o l',. mule hiandi, thle percnl as superintendent of Indian affairs-thie given, that the co.nmitite on hle case of And thein the Si ,sant at Arms with-
rights'of the citizen,; and, on the other, governors' of the territories were the su- Col. John And6 son were rqady to re6- drew from the bar with his prisoner.
the indt.pncrdierc s and purity .of the Re- perintrridents of Indian affairs-and sug- port- And the house adjourned, at a late hour,
piLtenit.. iiic body We shall endeavor to gested as a further inquiry the propriety The committee of the whole rose,'re- ---
continue, ias we have c..nmnri. ed, an ac- of'providing for the nomination to the ported progress, and obtained leave to sit Among' the petitions presented to the
Senate also of Indian factors; when, again. House or Representatives, on Tuesday;
curate record o the proceedings in this On oti of Mr. Tait, to give time .COL. ANDERSON's C.5SL. was the petition of ARMISTEAD T. MIA-
case'. for inquiry into the proper objects to be Mr. .1'oriyth, froim the committee ap- soN, contesting the election of CHARLES
Sin clud.e.d in tlhe iulu'oi, it wasposipon- pointed to-day, made a: report; recom F. MERCEs*, a member of that Hbuse
KENTUKY.c-In 'the Legislature of e until to morrow. -- er.'dinglthaLthe lI-ouse do come to the from Virginia.
Kentucky there has been much agitation,' The bill, froin theb House, for the re- foll'. tint, r-sulution .
as there had been.. ii the previous elec- lief of Winslow and Henry Lewis, with Ht' ..' Johr .\ni'.i '-.,n be broughtto EsrATA.-In consequence of the lateness of
tions, on a question, not well understood the amendments fpnril thereto by the amendment rir .: Ltr iluse, and interrogated by.the the hour at which our last paper was put to
out of the state. respecting the expedi- committee of clarms,.were taken ip by ile. charge of Swriing '.1 g a letter-to who read, anid those who 'copy frim Us, will
ency of proceeding to .an election for a the Senate; when, after being further a niember of the Hou-,:. oh:,;,,6 ii .abribe, please to correct.
governor. At present, our' rea-.rs will amended, it was recoimimtted. which, with his answers .theeto, ,shall be en- In the publication of Col. Anderson's letter,
hear 'ii 'mind, the.' ieuten.aint: goterrior A resolution from the House of Re tered on tihe.minutes of -inh .-I.i.. Amnd that an error occurred of a single letter, which was,
e l,1 ',,s,ir, nnf,.'oposed .by member be i-'- hevertheiess,iraportant, and I' i'd, particu-
'fow' acts as i:,icrinr. the uovtriior 'lectI prcseiatiets, pro'lJiing for the appro- "ii: ,oIn' e ,,y. a m etop be re- n e evtheap ileoss, imtportaiat, 'andt rt.t'e,--mc particu-n
having ied soun aflier his iniluctturo to pniation of certain copies of the laws to i".. I, h !' S s-:rithl e iuestioi mentioned should stanl lba rd; who,weleain,
.oftice. O- her ,|ilstioUis have arisen dur- the use of the two Hoises, was amended and answer shall be entered'onthe minutes of is a person in this city from the Western coun-
ing the heat.ofcotitention on that refer-' and passed to a third reading; aid the House., Thatbaftersuch interirogatoriesare try. Printers are particularlyrequested to copy
red to; amongst 'which was the proposi- The Senate adjourned, answered, if the Houise deem it necessary to this correction.
tion to call ai convention of the people. make further inquiry on the subject; the same Mr. Iverniore is .stated to have opposed the
th these qestios, it appears by he IN THE HOUSE OF EPRESENTATIVE be conducted by a committee to be apoited striking out the second section of the bill res-
Boththeseararahs, are pt appt rest for- H OUSOF PRSNTATIV fothat purpose. pecting judicial records: he ought to have
following paragraph,, are pUt at rest, for- ... .. i 8. ci t.
tunateiy. or otherwise we have not the .. The Speaker laid before the House pe- Mr. Bet'chter made a motion to refer hbe, ited as supportig it.
meas of determining ttons of sunry inhabitants of Missourihe reportto committee f the whole S on the passage fhe bill respect coin
"= territory, praying that said ,territory ma Hou&te.-Negatived. pesation.p ff
: EXINGTON, DEC. 24. be admitted into the union as an itideen M. Becr ten earnestly protested ,
During the last week two important ques- dent state against the' adoption of the. Report for
.ti were t to.. -rest-the e election na Mr cer, from a selectcom reasons which will appear in the sketch.
ConvOtios. We are not sufficiently informed a e. .. t e given of tha debate We are dsired to state that it was the U.
of the history of these two propositions, 'in all mad un funavo-able report on the pett aes Stae a tl- the Ul.-
their progressive stages through .both houses tion of the uscarora tribee of Indians ; Th report was agreed to without a States Mail Stage and not the Post-
to give the proceedings on them in detail. The' which was concurred in. division. Coach, which Mr. ana jumped out of
New Election bil, however,.was rejected in the Mr. Plasantsfrom the committee oil Mr. Beecher moved that counsel be al and broke his leg-; and that it was Mr.
senate.by a majority ofou votes, and the con- Naval Affairs r a bll th lowed to the accused Chester ailey instead of Mr Lyo who
wsoith a h Naval A )airs, rtpoitil d a bill authorizing
ventiotbnillbas votnglost ithelower hose bey oone e p -h lisg o 'Mr. I egeant suggested that it wvoulrt had the address to possesshimself o the i
Vote-45 menibers votifi for it-46 being the John Taylor to e plcon the list of e"sesasdescrbed.
constiutio majority. Repote. navy pensions which was twice read e tme enough to do that when the pri- reins, and stop the horses desired
and committed. ', sorer.asied for it. in last evening's Post. From a getitlelai,, s
O. n motion of Mr Linn it was r. B"eecher said it was the right oh who left Elizabethtown this morning, we
Omto.-In the Legislature of Ohio, .ResOlved, That a comiittee'be appointed to thi individual; placed in so novel a situ- understand Mr. Dana is in a fair way, al- t
now in session, a proposition has been enquire into theexpediencyvofestabishfinig by action, to have his privilege pointed out to though his shoulder was dislocated as f:
agitated, for taxing, the United States' law a standard ofweights and measures. him, which otherwise he might not well as his leg broke. f
.lanks within .the state, but without any. Mir. W"dker, of N. C. offered the fol- know. 'w t
decisive result. A disposition is said to lowing resolution; which, being read, Mr. Tucker read a resolution, that the S'hcir. CLAIBSTILE, iear 25.
prevail in buth Houses, to.charter a num- was ordered to lie on the table : Speaker be authorised to inform the ac- time last week, while a M. BI alen Jacobs-
her o/fneesBanks.- Resolved, That it is expedient to enquire caused thathe might ask counsel; &c. burgh, in this oty, was abo.,t .;
The. most .nve1 question before t whetherr a.hand, if any, what ateration i ir'- which was superseded by an intima- hogs, his son was suddenly deprive .. .t a.
Legislature, appears to have arisen out f er provision frte iposeofissungwar tron from the Speaker, that he should thefollowingmanner: A hog liad been throw
of the report of a committee in the popu- ransom to the'soldiers of the late Tarmy oftitie consider it a duty, if no objection was onthe ground, and while the boy was assisting d
lar branch of the Legislature, on the me- united Statesn> order to obtain their patents for made, to give the accused information on hs kie rith xi tint c t'd, re bIolyi ti
moral of Joseph Kerr, that no person theer mritay bounty lands, promised to theml this head. thrown violently upon it-it plunged int his
g he ofceu ia tDircor in a state, e itemmtte n ar iiut ie Thei Se'geant at Arms was then di- neck, and he bled to death in less tha,, two mi-
banok, iseligibleto theolie ofGovernor, Lerrore a solution reacted to ing his prisoner to the bar of nutes.

the Bank of th Uited States, or it st on r by the On his appearance, the Speakerdirect- roE e xs lo^aL I-TELaI.G-ca.
branches, is eligible to a seat in the House tion of the last clause, was agreed to as des hair to be given to him, and ad- EPIGtAf
of Representaives of that state. By the follows d hn A effect. On r Jail of Washington. i
last account we learn, that, as might ltesolved, That the committee of WVays and "J h Anderson-You are no doubt To debtors of old no burial was given: p
have been expected, this report was re- -Means be instructed toenquire whether,'in any aware that, you are brought before this Here Debtors, at present, are buried whist jv
jected case, further time tUanisaiready prescribed by House in consequence of having written living. U


'WI4EAT FLY AGAIN.
rjiEDERIcx co'THNTYMD.B EC.3 1816.
?,es9rs. Gaes .' S .aiosn
Being oce ,..f >u, '.ti 'r,.n, ,. I ,i :.'.-.
.mnyyui'.).I~)(.i L ,i tt 'Q. A? l -i a ji-,CL.: a.. uiLr
subject O i i. i-ul l.. : ,a..: ., c-..LIIIl
SC l ,cJ hl:t1 1. i'l., 11 ; iII \\ll., ll F.,-
.mer, whiich ap .-. i, :, z.. .... ; :r, or r -
marks oil a non, .n.t i. Ii. iii .. ; I J,'. ii
H. CockeC; and i-- t- .....r, I.,,- .\ r.u(t.,-
ral SocictvyofA -lpeiarle, oli the 3d u',.ov m-
berlast,on I: ;, sihbject. 1 1s n.. i rc-
dit da -to' : c .i I I,, i .....
mn lnication i. t r'.c L, ir n itil'.. t o
tile s i1;-. id a lio un l .ii ..i. r .
therr a, 1. : i 1 ,16..,r I r, tI r...,, ,..
i. Tit*L have cost hI .i ti, L ,d c.l -
atile r;, I... ii,. jl i andi think.'it one o.of
the .":-i_., nrr ci..'. iscriptiodmis oillo;t sub-
ject, 'i 1. i .. p i. u, u as it
goes. .; .
The K ,.i. V.'ii s ri T I ner r..i,:-r t r., i.h
deristoio 1i r 1 ,[i.. ric ri. --r .t .l' i,-,:,,','.,Ou-
nii'ation wliich rcomimends lhe exDerifiaent of'
grazine te crop at a certain stage thereof,.
SI.. |. i|,., ... of (in part) preventing the ra-
I I: ...ect, and states that he had been
i'." ir, .1 ., i -i-enilemn, oiv t e. Rappa,.
haiinloek, i *. i ,. ..I i'' h', ii. 1
teQi,- whit iL .. 0' j .1 ,,
it) oniisequeiice of the branCdes .. .. ,
AI .,. ';.1. t!ie ily, an'd nevcr' ihal ilrg
:, J i. ,.. ,, -,.. r; that 1^:1 ..t ... wheat-
first i l;k..L .., iit.. fly i-.., .,-..- i,:l made
a partial crop, while tlie late sown ..wheat, ilk
,.ul.ity I ol ih..- tn..;'kind." .- .
i.:- KI.; \\ iLu,. Farmern certainly did not
Ig LI,: i ..iuj,:,:t lit- deliberation which .it is
--ll .L'l;l'c "s ;; ,I I il ; ] li... i i s =,: .. r...l
'", hii]'],... ii.. i: pt hli- i,.rs-k I'. ',iit. lr'. \it.I ,l, i,>
that p.0oo ... t. h, '0 li.. .- i .', -JI .-,, i rir
lie :.:.* so .much to rbel, Il.r I n1,e. very
:tar. i..ub .on my mind, ithat if tin: H11 -.p.i,,,.
nock Farnier had g dA. s.d .ll 1- I'l I-, of l. it
at the same (anid :i.. thi> I ,.ipi )time, which
were adjoining each' other, he would have found
.theresult of ', i.1, veryy dklihIis. f ',..,o in h .-
sult of the : .i' I,,.lj only, nlnd. i.5 > .l.. ri..;
for-it is a t...; .:;l known, that late sown.
it i s. ii .q : il., pi..duced tl.Sr.t. ioc d
\' ., c iie '.. ,* early- uS.. i c I., >
I -l.i i..J .. s i,c,,-lre the causes of sich op-
i.-n .; ul. Il,.,l-l be well known before a
person can condemn a recommendation in ei-
ther way. ;I-' a satisfied that grazing wheat
crops at a certain stage of the crbp-; if affected
by the fly, is a partial advantage to the ciop,
in arresting it from the ravages of.the spring"
fly ;. provided, all the 'fields aftfected adjoining.
each other are, grazedat the Sr.- itn-ri, but
where one. field only 'is grazed among many
wiich ., ii' .-..J 1.d, tie fly, it is .put into a
situaLcI .. ,je.: to be- injured by the
;1. 111. l ..l.. ,t ,i. I, net been gra fed, for
wlerever sevpral.fields of wheat are- soiwn ad-
jacel r. .. in,,. iii. mnure rega.ar aqd uni-
form .i,1. r L'i i,. I r I I reateri.isihe respectt
*.-,; L] ..-., ..ue greater the disparity or .difter-
u L .. n-.. s i r i.;.'.. i, the le ss tlr.: i,. r
il l a i t' s ,,' instances whCer L t .. i, i.. Jjj -
:cen't toeach-otlir, are to be sown with w.iheat, &
ii.,;ie o tru. .t t..Fn i, ..... s it the .begiin'.nug
,A me.,1 tn'ie. mdL U.ii,- .AIIr ., left uinsownn "u-
iil tie .n..l r I ito ..s: toidi, that bubthfields.
I..-. .... ..r .'I, I I tii, it alnhost im possi-
Ub,- I t .. % ,l '. i1t, ,si.r ..d. both
r. i 'sr' .i.,..i. .-, j, ,..,i.i s ;, ... b .i,;the
.,li' r i l ,- i" '.,, i i.s ,-:" p: ,. :p,:c[,
ii. 1 1 0-:;. P ,. ,' i : P -n ,0,n
&.i.'1''.i s'i.J'i.i. Hi tsi ilrt[ Lij. .li.ir fl .frv b i ji lo-i'
1 ji. c tn- mr'.' inr r ,n ,r,,cn
grazing the crop the best ,,i o.il in. h i-
gainst the ravage.- of thile fly, but that.I think
it may be ,.' ;,...b!_ i, L.. ,, ;ii hi stances to
crops; fbrl tih,-k tiltit .iri ,,i,, to, toihe situ-
ation of fields to beasown withl wheat, as to what
nurseries of iies are adjacent to them, or what
risk there is by inducing the fly into the fields
by sowing them at an unseasonable time, is of'
more se:.vice in preventing the disaster than alL
tile remedies I have ) et heard of. Much depends
on the situation of fields, to be sown with wheat,
as to their situation to other fields. -Some situn-
tions will bear early seeding, otihrs not; for 1 am
satisfied that two fields, although adjoining'
each other, may nevertheless be so situated,
in repeat to other adjoining fields, that the one
would bear. early seeding without much risk
when the. other would not.
It is the prevailing opinion ofmany,tbat the fly
take their flights al certain periods oftir:e ; and
wherever chance causes them to lghti in a field
ofwheat, 'that that field must inevitably be de-
stro, ed ; and b--ing so impressed with the opi-
nion that the destruction is caused in that chance
way,their attentiuos'have been more taken up,
with devising remedies, to be resorted to when
the cause exists, than with devising means as
preventatives 1 am convinced by many years'
practice in farming, anii particular attention to
the subject, that the latter is most to be relied
on. .Tlhe fly are a numerous' insect, actuated
by instinct, as all other insects are ; young and
tender vegetation appears to be their element;
if, therefore, wheat is sown, at a time, and in a
situation which will induce them into it out of all
adjacent nursery, existing at the tune, the pros-
pact of a crop must in that event be not tery
flattering, although the grain be nicely put on,
attd although the land may be strong
SA Frederick County Farmer.

OXVItLLE, (TEN.) DEC. 23.
A very heavy 'shock of an earthquake was felt
n this place on the night of Wednesday the 10th
nst. at 18 minutes before 11 o'clock, [the same
ime as in Georgia] preceded by a rambling
noise. The shock we tink was of at least 40
seconds duration, some think upwards of a mi-
ute. The Carthage Gazette says it was felt
here about 11 o'clock of the same night, and a
rled in Greene County, writes us that it was
eit there at half after 11. A slight shock was
eIt here about 9 o'clock lie succeeding night,
which was also preceded by the usual noise.

MARIEI),
On Tuesday evening, by the Rev, Mr. Rich-
rds, Ei.tfxa 3. DUVa Esq of Prince
'eorges county, to Miss AUoUsrA M.''aLSLAXn,
daughter of Mr. Marcus M'Causlahd of Bai-
mnorn.
On Tuesday evening last, by the Rev. Mr.
land, Mr. Hroy G.r i \e].aos, to Miss Matz
ei.sxi;fix, all of Georgetown.

DIED,
At Richmond, Va. ou tie 5lh inst. Mr. Tao-
As fieUneras, printer, tfor many years a resident
Itichmond, and, at the time of his death,
irtner i the newspaper establishment recent-
commenced, under the title of Spirit of
union "


-c~-~


cl, q










OF ENOLAND.

PIOI. T:77' BsroSTON CENTIN.T..
[The recent intelligence froi England
the death of the: two presurnmt ve heirs to t
Cron of the Elnitisii Empire--and which in
effects, ,iot very re.iote, may change its ex
ing dynay--huas o casioled nmchi inquiry
the subject of the reigning House and F'a
ly.-We have therefore devoted few minu
to it]
S HtTOUSEI OF BIRUNSW1VIK.
The House of trnunswick traces its origin
very re note antiquity, in the se-verdl lines
T.hiwt, of.the GUu'lphs, of i'illing, and MWit.
the Great, all of whics' became united in t
person of Hr.N'iY Lo.
Thie MHoues of Es-rE, which is the male lir
derives its origin from the Actih, a noble 1
.manl fiuily in the time of Tarquinius Priscus
The Li sn 6of Gtr.r.r'i. derives itseiffrom t
Scythians, who settled in Germany.
The Lir.N of BiRILLr-O is traced from the Du
of Saxony, in 960 ; the daughter of whose 1
male descent lant was married to HEaNtY 1
Dukce of favania. .
the LIx. c I'NE r' "'', descendedfrom t
Saxons, one of the-descendants of which w
married to a daughter ofHrI-tY II. of nglan
frorr which marriage, descend the families
Biiunswicek, &c.
The B'rrITIS!Ir Ls is thus traced in success
from the best authorities :- .
To the second son of the above.Henry
was crowned in 1199-succeeded by his so
Hear III. in 116-who.died in 127J-and w
succeeded by his son. Edward I. who died
1307. At his death Edward It. ascended t!
throne, and was s'icceded by Edward II. who
eldest son, P'dwa'J tU-e 'hIack Prince, dyii
before his father in 1376, he was succeeded
1377, by-his- grandson, Ilichard II. who was d
posed in 1399, and succeeded by his. cousi
HeienrvyV. who died in 1412,'when _i- ,.rn, Ir:-
ry V. aso.eiid-d'the throne,, and died in 142
That monarch was succeeded by his son, Hlen
VI. who was deposed i, 14.61,. when Edwa
IV. descended from the thiird sonof Edward i
mounted the throi)e, and died in 1483. T"
short usurpation of Richard III. was follow ed I
Sthe accession of Henry VI. descended fro
Jihn. of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster,' fourth' so
of BEdward I11.; on h's marriage'with Elizabe.
daughter of Ed ard IV.-th'e family was again
united.: Henry HII. dying in 1509, left three
children1 a son and two -daug'iters, the yount
estot whom married. James IV King of Sec
land, who was, in -513, succeeded in that kin
do-n by his, son, .1 mes i V. whose daughter '
-ry.was mother of James VI. of Scotland, an
the first of that name in England ; his daug]
ter E lizabeth, married Frederick, King of B
ilemia, by whom she had a diaul'hter. &piF"
no -' i:. ", t '--', ,, Elect6r of i l.' fl.r,' ti,
r.:,.-.. .i' -..' Houise of Brlriswick, Hai
over, -Lunienburg, -Volfenbut'el, Zehl, &c.,"
whom she had a son, Georg'e who according t
the provisions made by Parliament for the su
cession of the Crown in the Protestant line, o
the death of Queen Anne, in, 1714, ascende
the throlne of Great Britain.
.Geicg-e L was born in Germanyin'1682, an
died in 1727. George -l also born in Gerni
ny, in 1683, was crowned in 1727, and died i
176U. Hie was succeeded by his graqdsc
Ce.:.--rP I. f- present King, of.Great Britair
His father died prince of Wiles..
PR SENT '1 YAL FAMILY.
George L'"lt'm Frederick IZH Ka,<; ..r ii0, I
united Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, wa
born May 24, 1733, (old style, answering t
June 4th) in E:gland ; ascended thle thro.
Oct. 25th, 1760 ; marriede, in 1761, to: I
Sophia Charloite, Princes of .Miecklenbur;
Strelitz, the present Queen of Great Britain
who was born May 19, 1744.-They have ha
issue :--- .
1. Geo"-e ugustos Frederck, Prince o
Wales, (who since 1811 has acted as Regei
of the kingdom) born Aug, 12, 1762 ; was mar
ried April 8, 1.- ,. Luu-, Li. i:. ., .1.,j
t.:r,.,f i,, 1 r: n 1. 1.1: L.i .: i CL., ho,- ii- .
at rli, ...,i e fj,, ena, and sister to tl:e g-:llan
1)uke of lruinswick, killed on the eve of thi
battle of ..- 1 born in 1768; an
by wnism he i, 1 li ,i., Charlot-te Carolln
Auigsia, borr I,, i,-'- -who thus became
the Pr'stimptive -eilr to thie Urowi;Anid whose
recent decease has filed the British nation witi
grief. On the second of .lMa, 1816, she wf
married to Leopold Georges Christian Frede
rick, Prince of'Ssae Cobourg Sadlfeld, who wa
born Dec. 16, 1790; who has experienced, it
oned:. I, c'.-:r' i :s liat any idi ,.in

2. Frederick, Duke of York; born Au tust 16
1763 unmarried to a daughter of .the lat
!King of Prussia, born in 1767 ; and have n1
issue. .
3.. William F '., Duke of Clarence, born ii
)176"5-has no leguitimate children.
4. C .'. '. .. 1. .3'lilde, Princess Royal
bornli, -' -., r, .;-. t lie'King of ',V,. r..' .,,
in- 1797-became a widowin 1816 imd .
issue.
5, Edward, Duke of Kedt, was born in 1767
and rcinains a bachelor.
6 and 7. .dugius.ia ophia, borh in .1763; .and
Eliz:abet/h, in 1770"; both unmarried.
8 Ernest litgu7stus, Duke of Camfibridge
born in 1771,marri d,-in 1815, the Princess oi
Soims Braunfels, who was born- in 1778-Have
ni) issue .
9. 'imgult.use rederick, Duke of 'Sussex, born
in 1778 ; married at Home, in 1793, Lady Miur-
r y, by whom he bhat issue a son and a i i. l.
ter ; but this marriage -.wits declared null andn
void, being in violation of a law of 1772, Avhichl
enacts, that no descendant of the body of King
George 11. is capable of contracting matrimony
without the previous consent of the King ; and
all marriages contr cited without such ..consetii
to be .void.-'This marriage was dissolved in
1794.* .
10. .;.." '.. Frederick', Duke of Cambridge,
born iih 1,'. 'minmarried.
11. ,hariy, born ini 1776, married in 1816, to
her cousin, the l)ui born in 1776 They have pn issue. -.- *
12o Sop/d,rn hr in 177'7-unmarried.
Tire only other member of thie Royal Famnly
is a niece of the King-and sister of the Duke
of Gloucestei'--wino was born in 1773.. .
It will be seen by the abo. e, that none of the
numerous otispring of the present King have
now any. legitimate offspting ; and that the
youngest of them exceeds 4-J years of age.
The Heir apparent to the Crown, after the
death oldthe present King, who has nearly a_-
tained his 80tlryear, Ua iI be the Duke of York,.
and after him the lDuke of Clarence, k&c.
The i'eservatiou of the succession of the
Crown s~f England ih thle present d) nasty will
unquestionably arrest the paramount attention
of the British P''liuaient, now in session. It.
is estimated, that thle marr age of llie Prince
Ftugent with his present Princess, (who is sepa-
rated from him adw resides in the south of Eu-
rope) will be disso ved by Parliamnent; and he
be invited to inarry one of the Auslitrian Ai'ch-
duchesses, of whom there are three or four un-


*It has been asserted, on high authority, that
the Prince of Wales was married to Mrs. Fitz-
herbcert, before he was required to marry the
Princess 6fBrunswicic. The marriage was ille-
gal, but waas known to all the parties.


m.rried. It is not infpi'bable, that the childir
of the Duke of Sussex,'by Lady Miirray, will
declared legitimate ;'in which-i ase his son, A
guLslis Frederick, who iis.23 vears nf a;'c%, u
succeed to the Crown, oi tile demise of his u
of cles and aunts.
the 1)-
its OF FRANCE.
ist-
on
mi-0o oi0 L OTI; r.LOSDON rAiRs.
tes SPEECH OF HIS MAJESTY LOUIS XVII'
Pronounced at the opening of the -session on t
Sti Al'ov 1817.
to Gentlemen-At the opening of the last s
o, sion, I spoke to you of the hopes inspired b
h, the marriage of the Duke de Berry. .Thrni
providence has too suddenly withdrawn ,. ,r-L
it bestowed, yet, ,we behold in it assurances
ae' the future accomplishment of our wishes.
o- The treaty with the Holy See, which I me
le tioned last year, has since been conililde'l.
e have desired my ministers, in communicating
Ike to you, to propose a project of a law, necessa:
as tog ve tie legislative sanction to suchi ofits co
St ditions as may be susceptible of it, and to inat
uI. it in unison with the charter the laws of ti
he kingdom, and those privileges of' the Gillica
as Church. the precious inheritai,ce f our fithers
as of which St. Louis ai.-I .ll 1' ...... ,'. : r,
o less jealous than of the hu lu.pl' ,:- ..t I lii -il
Sjects. -
"The harvest of 1816, by its deficiencts, firtU
treated, in. a great degree, my hopes.. ,The sti
ferings of my people have afflicted an hear'
n have, however, beleld with n .ti., iti
on', most every ,here they. haiyeeihtlir i.. n. in
as a degree of touching fibrtilu e and if, ii som
li places, they have broken out it.L.-.l', -i _-1 a'-
e order was soonfe-estabkished. I, ,,dl-, 11
'se tigatethe misfortune of that period, I hav
ng foun'm it necessary o make great efforts, andd ex
e- traordinary pecuniary, sacrifices. Th,: ._' t I
e- will be presented to you, and the ;,- I 'u.1,
i, which you are animated for the public. guo<
itll-neo-p-m..t_me to doubt that these unfom
'". seen expenses ul-tfnrmvce your alinc-tci-.ahe ha:
mry vest of this year is more satisfactory l. .1-.. ti
rd oiler Ihand, sonme loctd calamities," i: -.
H. which have fallen uponi tile vine-':uti ,'. .i
he my paternal solicitude for privations '.
b without your co-operation, I caniot'relieve.'
S I have.' ordered that the budget ff lie nou:
OD rent charges should be submitted to you Ifth
h," c ^,.- -, ,i,, i".- ...a treaties, and from th
In u.. ..,. 1' ,".', -. termil!ated, will nt
ee permit any immediate diminution of the tax.
g- voted in preceding sessions, 1 iu'i. .t iu. ,ii ab
t- satisfaction of thinking, that -hi- f.. .,' ... i I.
g prescribed will.preclude the necessity of anr
a- anugigentation, and: that a vote of credit,.infer
ld ora to tl t (A lie last session ,,i .,l h'te for .a
h the .1i ,uAiLhe year.
o- "The conventions which. I signed iii 181"
pr.'-. t'i .- r.: -,,: ,.l i,. t could not then before
S:, i .0 i li.'gocation necessaryi
n Every- thing lesds me to hope, that its issue wi
by l.' I, ;, i.'-. ail i.1i.>- conditiolm s, far above Our
to iru, r,,-, ill i ir,'i- c.--dedby otifers in' re con
c- formable to equity, to moderation, and to the
n'u noss:bility of sa, rifice's, which my people slqi
d p.rt with a constancy that can add nothing t
. y love'for them, bu:. which give them nem
a- claims to my rat.tuJe, and toAi esteem d
-!" all nations.
n Thus, as I had the happiness of-annoutncin
n to you in the course oflast session, the expense
n. arising from the army of occupation are diitlin
" ished a fifth, and the period is nod-fair dist.lit
when we may be.p rimtedto 'ope, thanks t-
U- the wisdo i and energy of ., y government, to
as the !ove and confidencee of my people, and tt
to the friendship of my Allies, that those expense
e will, entirely cease ; and that: ourd county wil
resume among nations the rank and renown dlmn
r. to the valor of Frenchmen, aud their nobli
n, character in adversity. .
d "To attain thi enad, I shall more than, ever
require a unanimity between the people and thi
of throne; that vigor, without which authority is
it powerless. In pr6olurtionf as that authority in
r- strong, will be the diminished necessity of it.
S,t :., u,', '- .. Ti.e-, anner-,'4-u rtlch th(
, ..:-. .- -' I **.,-I power have used what thI
t. laws have entrusted to theui, j ,..i-, rr, coin
e fidence. However, I feel great satisfaction in
dO ai'nnoneing to yuonu, that [ do not consider it re
e qitisite to econtliiie"tmhe Preyvoal 0ourts beyond
e the term fixed ior their existence by the la'.
e whMhi created them. .
hI I have digested, conformably to the charter
Is a law for recruiting. I wish that no privileges
_ ..shomld'be- ou lIt; that the spirit and disposi.
is tionsofUiat charter, cur true comp:;ss, which
n 'calls all Freicihmien indiscriminatejy to offices
i .i.1 employment, should not-b'e dilsory, and
.at ithe soldier should filid no other limit to his
5, honorable career, than those of his talents and
se of Iis services. .If hl' ... .c' ir..u ofthis salutary
o law should demand an augmientatics in the bud.
get of the War Minister, you, as the interpre-
i ters cf he sentiments of my people, will not he-
sitate to sanction arrangements which secure to
,Friance that independence and that dignity,
without which there can neither bz king nor
nation, "
"I have detailed to you our difficulties, and
the measures they wili require 11i ....ii.'lu- .,. I
shall direct your attention to ..-: c'- ol .. 'n.i0
engaging description. Thanks to the peace re-
stored to the Church of France, religion, that
eternal basis of all f licity, even on earth, will,"
f I doubt not, flourish amongst us ; tranIulihtyand
confidence begin to re-appear' pub ic credit is
strengthening itself; agriculture, commerce and
a industry, resume t.ictr activity ; neaV master-
pieces, of art excite admiration. One0 "f' my
children is traversing, at this iroinenim, ad part of
the kingdom, and in return for sentiments So
deeply engraven on his heat, an m.uifested
by his conduct, he is every where : r.'.- [,d .-',rl.
* benedictions; while 1, who have but one feel-
l ing, the hanpmness of my people, who amn de-
Ssirous, for tiemi' giod alone, of t, at authority
i which I shall defend f'rom all attacks, of whaut-
evertkind-I know that I am belovecd by them,
and 1 find. in my heart the assurance that this
consolation will never be denied to me"2'- .

Ezirgct ofa letter to the Editors .of /he
Charleston Times, dated
St. Mary's,,.(Gee.) 27th Dece. 1817.
"rI have only time to siay that General
Gaines arrived at Fernandina last even-
ing,. You have heard, no doubt, of the
surrender of the place; last evening -a
quarrel ensued between one of our ohfi-
cers and some of the patriot officers, and
this day, at 10 o'clock, martial law was
proclaimed." '
S PHIILADELPHIA, JAN. 6,
The Dutch ship April capt. DeGroot,
from Amsterdam, wit is.'ie hundred and
fifty passengers, has .arrived at Reedy
island .

PITTSBuns, (PA.) DKC. 20.
We understand the directors of the
bank of Pennsylvania have resovled to
discontinue their office of discount and


deposit in this city, and have appointed
Mvir; George i(oe, jun. their agent, to set-
tle all the atairs of the late office.


r
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SATURDAY, JANUARY 10.

TheI House of Representatives h
found .itself, almost without knowing
and certainly without, tie advantage
having anticipated it engaged in the di
cushion of a question of great magnituc
regarding their own powers and the right
of the citizen, as involve* in the cake
Col. Anderson. The Debate of yesterday.
left on our minds the impression of gre
respect for-the talents now composing ti
Representative body-it Was, in fact,
continued display of ability and eloqitenc
The debate is not terminated, though
appears to us so much light was she
upon the question yesterday, that it wi
not be much further prolonged. TI
questions debated are, first, the legali-
of the warrant issued in the first instance
aind. ccndhly, the power of the House t
pursue with pouriishment (and of course
its picv to'recognize) any conteoti
committed beyond the walls of the loui
On test Iut eio'nr. there is so great d
eri It of opinion, as to render it.a hnna
ter of doubt how the latter will be di
coled. -

WiVe are iifornmed that, by .,it ise .rni:
reports of-Colonei Woo p Inspector Gen
cral of the North Division, o:it appear
Lhat there has bei. 'perormeid, in that D
vi ionof ii'At wi h i0 .ii.. theye vcr 181'
133,654 .J1l 1 lahu! n l, ri'ics.iiri';. arin
btildinge,. and public,.roads, exclusive
the prdioary police of camps and gat-r
Woes, and the'establishment of two in
porsant oiiolnj y frontier p6sts, Grseinbi
and Chicago, on the Upper Lakes.

Ar interesting meeting of the Societ
for the Colo.iza.tion of.Free Blacks, wI
held in the RI.' i ex-.au -.--turaiber o
Thursday week; Its proceedings are prs
paredtfor publication ; and nothing i
their ieidth,and the tmlore inmediaote in
terest of the proceedings of Congress ha
delayed their publication, an.d will dela
it for a day or.two longer ; when we sha
be able to gratify our readers with th
Proceedings of a Society, whose progress
cannot be uninteresting to any of them.



f 'l. i r' .: .1^7 1 -
Mr. 'FImnentin, of Louisiana, appear
ed and took his seat.
The rxs6iution offered on a former day
by Mr. Cai,,,cll, respecting the nomina
tion of certainn officers to the Senate, wa
taken uj, modified by' the mover so a
to include the superintendent of Indiai
trade, atd, after some conversation be
tween Messrs. Camoib. 11, King, "lair, anD
Alorrow,'on the most proper mode of at.
training (the object, the resolution wai
passed itn ithe following shape, the las
clause thereof being added on the -sug
gestion of Mr. AMorrow: -
. Resolved, .'hat the comuoiittee on military af
'aiis be:ifstructed to inquire, into the expedi
ency of requiring by law. the nomination of sti
perintcndant of Indian tiade, and of agents to
iliml i r'. lso of agents fr trading house
?."t~li .lt'i,, i, t be submitted.to6 the Senate
:, ,i' i' .u' ii- .'- t mi d approbat.on, in like man
icr as the nomination o'',iiti o'l.:.:s, now are
rid generally to inquiry ,, hetil ...,i i and wha
inendmnents are necessary to be made in the
aws regulating intercourse, aid for establish
'P 1. -1 ..


.ing trading' houses with-the Indiana tribes.
Mr. It...'t rs, from the committee oh
Claims, reported.the bill for the relief of
Win-lo,, IiIId Hepry Lewis, with some a-
mendments.
This, bill and the report- was subse-
quently taken up, and after some discus-
sion (on the propriety of providing: for
allowing thie petitioners interest on their
claim, which provision was finally str'ick-
en out) the amendments ordered to be
engrossed, and the bill ordered'to a third
reading. .
The bill from the House of Rept'esen-
tatives making provision for repairing the
public buildings, was read and ordered to
a third reading.
The bill. from.the other house to incor-
porate the Columbiail Icsurance Compa-
ny of Alexandria, was read the second
time and referred.
The bill 'ixii. ,iO. compensation of the
members of the Senate and House of RHe-
presentatives was .read thie second tiie.
.The resolution for distributing .to the
two. houses certain copies of tile hiws of
the last Congress, was passed with an a-
melhdtpeilt and returned to the House of
Represertativels.
The bill i .lhli'iorn to the act for theft
relief of John Thoi'ipsonm wa. recommit-
ted to tihe committee ot claims; and
then
The Senate wentinto the consideration
of Executive business; afto which-..
The Senatie adjourned to Monday.

IHOtUSE OFP EPi'ES'!NTATIV',S.
F ID.lY, TAN. 9'
Mr. Ogden, of New-Yorlk, appeared
yesterday, and Mr. )Mason, of Rhode-


S'Island, to-day; and were respectively Or AMELIA ISLAN1D. "- -_ .
qual fi d. .. ..
IMr. Harrison, 'from the select con'- NEW .YORK, JAN: 7.
mittec appointed on tha' subject report By the bri Commodore Porter, eapt.
ed a bill to. provide for organizng, ar' )oane, which arrived in this port yester-
ing, and disc;plioting the militia; which day, in 10 (lays from St. Mary's, we learn
was twice read and committed. that the ,U. S. squadron, consisting of the
Mr. Johnson, of Ky. from the com- John iAdms, lcapt. Henily, brigs Enter-
mittee of investigation on so much of the plize and Saranac, schioners'. Prohie-
public accounts ahdi expenditures as re- theus and Lynx, with one gun boat, anid
Ih Ite to the wat department, rade a rtpon 250 tr'oo'ps, arrived at Amelia on the 22t1
respecting a cei'tain contract entered ote "ult. and i ninediitely summoned the place
-with the go' ernment by Col. Elias Earle. to sur- eide'; and on the 23d at 2 o'clock
on the.3d-of Feb. 18,15, while a member n iuthe afternoon took q ,iel possession of
of the House of Represeniatives, explain'- tie island,aitter firing a sagle gun. Cor.
as ing the nature of the transaction, and ex- Au' y and his troops were allowed to eva.
it, culpating Col. E.. from any blameunder cuate the island.- .
of the circumstances ,of the.case ; which re Oe' of the representatives of the late
is port,' together with one of -the ia-I .ses- government f Amnelia, has arrived in the
.sion oil the same subject, was oi d,.,J to Cor.n. Porter, on his way to WVasfiington.
e be printed. : r. S olmes, ale ecietary to
Its Mr. Harrison offered a joint resolution, Comi Aury, lias also arrived in-tife Com.
of proposing to the states an amendment to er, wom we have been fa
ay the constitution of the United States, to wit he following copy of Coin Aury's
t give to Congress; concurrently with the answer to the demand for his,surrender.
S e "e '3 -p ......... l'Hcad-Vwaters, Fernandina,
,. states,, the power to provide for training D &.d-Q2 drt,1rs, Fern.nd ,
e themilitiaaccordingto tle disciplinepre- Dec- 22, 1817.
a ascribed for the purpose, &c. and to .pro Gentlemene-I have received your official let-
e. vide for teaching i- the primary schools tvermof is day, by which, in the name of the
it and w'thear seminaries of learning in the us'to evacuate ttis place, with te troops under
,d several states,, the system of militia pre- ,/y command, as soon as it will be convenient,
il scribed forithe militia: which .resolution as possessibh thereof is to be taken bybthe for-
was twice read and dmrni.nied. s under maui .'...'Tu ...rl ,.. !,k certaincondi-
le [In fl'ijii.. iin hlu .~t-. .. .' .." t '! '.
ty o* remn kd, i u tl r. r, l i -eitrr rthi-srepblictha" t of Mexico, norany
& ton remarked, th iit would be recollect- other of South -'uL,., _,- atw..' 'ilthe
e,. ed, he presumed, that a similar pi'oposi- United States, obliges me.to state to. vou'hat
to tion had been laid on:the table by h ]m at the. contents of your letter greatly surprised
Sthelast session.' In doing so then it-was &iriuiruuui ,i-" il r"-'i'. of this state.
ot wi t ,a e. a t any thinl i.h .u r".im.-'-l. tatinhcase of
would be done o th ihe i I ii -1:.: i. .t i- I' d, ,iich lnei-
A: ii i> .i' w th" puol" -a"i- -. i,, -rnl-II 0-. ,O '-. '- -;.:irn, "- cl' f le Unitetd
i- the subject, and prepare the way for. a Si.-,-n. .- .i-
t- decision at the present session Th-' bill .A1 .to obtsertoyoii, gentlemen, fliat
"' moien4 t wu toWe ok"'Ferari:tina by the
;. I i:lh 1l been reported.on tie :.t.,u cei. m" o r t a we etek i.nt by te
et mbrace d all the provisions within the smon althe rights Sppertaiing too ene-
pm etr .of Cong-ress respecting it which .. ,,d i.. rh we have- supported those
al the committee had thought necessary ; "r', l- 't .h.: 'i1 11,u our livesand tfortunes.
n but:as the constitution had expressly re- I_. buirU.t ..... between the -ld6ridias and the
served to the states the right of training .-'":1 t, '"", _'." "".. settld on the
and discpiint'i'g the rilHia. the adoptiior, .' '. T .. u 'i 'i.
i-' of the resolmtioi might be deemed.n-.- orni.e n" .-. i.. l c0 *
7, cessary; andl he wished threlfore.ethat it Or"surprise inci'eses'l whelile re fl:'._t uti
y. might be co-,.imitted to the same coimmit- you cOiInumieaaion comes. a.- a.t.. ., 'i, by
of tee to whom-the 'bin had been r- ', r ed the go c'"'"' ..a ui o .. lii. i-, re-'-
that -,the .hole subject .might th ,z be ..T ,. 0 ,,d h l,"*.r
Sprese ited toit for eliberati-n, ec &c i .. lii ,-' ',r iii.- i,.jr
S .QOn lotion ofMr. 11le, 'the committee libertyand l,;,:ruh.,,...,,, ,ciu ib, ',.- r,-
)' c.n tie post office and post roads were gaged, as ".,-- it L'-.i.ci Cte, it, 2,,i,
instructed to inquire into the expediency' -
ofestablishing a.postro adfrom Htarolord. u .e or hiand, yo '.i old s-
S.. ~, '(0' c".l ,i propertyey as unquestionably
y in Connecticut, through th.tow son-the belongs to, our citizens. Who is to be the
is, east bank ofo Cq-rmecticu t river, to lHano .,judge in that case ? 'Tlie United Siales, 'they
)n ver, in New'-Hampshire, a'n'd also a route io means claim a y nind of jurisdiction
e from Cornish, through rhe parish of Mec ..-i lhe source of the river St. Mary's dewn
riden-, i n P field, to Lebanon. the. uceai,,on this side the channel. .We en-
u ."- PA- 'ta A t.o o e 'to h mul"enerati6on to believe for a
IASE OF COb. ANDERSON. single moment, that you (supposed'already ih
3- Mr. Sfience'r, of. New York, then pre- .possession of thins island, widich hias never been
as Llited lo tihe House the followingPi'eari 'ceded by the Kin of Spain, 0r by its inhabi-
y ble and resolutions tants, to the United S'ates) caii bri-g with you
SThe House of Representatves, etetainnff competent triblunatl to dec de upon thlis ques-
STheHousefRepresentaives, eitertang in ly law you can adie in our
great doubts of its possessing the competent e. is t a o for .' ahue i y
e ower to pniish ol Anderso o bealf, is that of force, which always isrepug-
s tempt of the House and his outrage upon one n, o a Rtepmbican 'government, and to tile
,of- itsme iers": -. . principles ofa just 'd i.,i df ..,il ,i...' e Tie>A
t Rsot-oed, rhat all further proceeding in this same observation may be applied to yotirinter-
House ag'in. t Ie ,.i J.'.ii- .. .erson do cease, rence for the property of the inhabitants.
antd that he 1.. .... :.1 il,,,i the custody of whi "we hav.e' ws.b-c -'tL .
.i. .. i .- - (-i, *". l:" I-,-' 1., a- In -i svwere subjeects of
a.'-.ii'R ."-AT..t .eih' "neral of the yo iurgovernment, to leavc behind, when Per-
,. w I I. dct d to iistiute such pro- iandinla is evacuated, all the public ... p-r ,
seedings against.the said John Ainiro fo ihis that was foundi at its surrender. This deuman'n
eesaid otece asmay tte agr able o the Laws for h is directly contrary -to the public rights, by
thie United St-tes: nd of the district of Columi- ".' ju f. i' '- r' captured from the c.e-
', bia. my, is avowedly .tiat of the captors, when not
Resolhted, That the commiittce of te Judicia- otherwise siipulmed. Are you .acting in' the
Srvbe instructed to enquire into the expeden- ameofthe ing ot Spain, orofhis allies? As
SVy of providing by law for the" pimshmendi f n we consider the people'of the United States to
3 a contempt of vi rg ie pu fmepre- of be unquestionably tiie only free people on the
a contempt 'of h -' ... I ad.se of 1 pre- surface of the gfqbe, we cannot admit that youi
- breach o'the privileges of either House. -have alleadly arrived tb such a point ofdegrada-
d Mr. S/irnce*r opened a debate .on the tlion. Otherweiise your demand is inadtmissibte
... ,. oped d t, n te and unjustifiable in the eyes of time world ; antd,
subject, which occupied the whole day ; if we must submlitto it, 'll the blame rests with
s in which, besides the mouver, Messrs. you. .
t A.Ni' RSox, BAiROun.t, RoBaEcrsON. and Permit met therefore, gentlemen, ;to request
- Envis, supported the. Resolutions, and you tolay before the President oFthe U. States
li-, FoS T.. .R anmd M 'these.renmarks, in orderthat a itatterof so seri-
i .o. ,., ,, *.- N o1us tendency nmay be duly considered. We
-. ai opposed them, all at considerable have read lsExcellency's message e at the open-
length. ing ofCongress, with tihe u.m-ist concern, Ahd
The debate was one of unusual ability, have concluded that the political situation of this
Sandwill be given at large. Republic has been greatly misrepresented in
-. When Mi. Eruin concluded, on mo- thle United States, through he intrignes of-our
e h- n enemies. We have- certainly a right, to b'e-
- tion ol Mr. Hoilme, of Massachusetts, the heard .em or which purpose I shall have the honor
House adjourned at past 4 o'clock, with- of forwarding toy our government the fieceEsa-
t out having conie to any decision on the ry documents. If you are. not disposed to let
e question before them. the thingreinain in status quo, until the Presi-
dent's further determination be kfiown, I am
authorized th assure you that we respect and
f The motion made by Mr. MERCER on the 7th esteem too highly the people of the United
. ins ant, had 'relation to -thei, secret Journial of States to carry ilatters.to extremities.
Congress own to 1783, not to itsfirst Journal, I have the honor t.I rem'a.n with the highest
as printed, by a typographical error, in Thurs- consideration, gentlemen, yours, &c.
day's paper. AURY.
S. L. HoL. s, Sec'y.

- LATEST FROM ENGLAND. Aury speaks fair-very fair ; but mere
--- professions cannot be expected to, pass
S* PHILADELPHIA, JAN. 7. current at this time. We regr t that
By the ship Jane, Captain Ferguson, the conduct of those who captued Ame-
arrived at this port from Liverpool, we la Is!and rendered such a step necessa-
!have received regular files of London pa- ry ; between liberty and la-t less aggres-
pers tothe 15th.of November. sion there is a vast distinction ; and the
It was -ascertained that the ports would cause ofreal liberty will be promoted by
be closed on the 22d. the step now taken by orders of the gov-
A letter from Leicester, of November ernment. Just as our troops took pos-
12 states, that in consequence of tihe gen- session of the island, a vessel, wth 120
eial mourning in EngLnd for the Pnn- slaves, arrived, and was also secured.
cess Charlotne, black, goods of all des- Timis was one of the speculations of the
triptions had advanced 35 per cent. Patriots-and the sooner such a tragic was
P :'!.ice Leopold had been very ill, since ended the better would it be for tlhe south-
.the death of the Princess, but was reco- ern states-A ,tion/al advocate.
veering. l'he Queen's health had been At an election ,,f ohici's nof tn AMEc,.AS
visibly impaired. When the death of his PHILOSOPHICAi. Soci'Tr, held at Philadelphia,
d.tislter was first announced to the for prom ti g useful knowledge, on tilhe 2d Jan.
Prince Re'ent, he fauited away. 1818, the following officers were chosen :
Baron de Jacquin, the rival and also A'-.,*ndeat-Caspar'VW, sar
s r d riv Vice Preis'niot.r Robert Patterson, William
the h'mend of Linnaeus, died at V lenna in Triighin>H, Peter S. l)uponceauu.
October, a-,ed 92 years. He IIwas olme of ,'ecretadies--Tlmnias C- James, Robert M.
the first naturalists in Europe. Patterson, John S. Dorey, Witiaim P. C. Barton.
The fever continued its ravages in Ire. Comsecl'urs or t/hreeyears Thomas Jefferson,
land. W","itiai M'Glure, Rev. Dr. Collin, William Me-
redihi
-- -- Curators--Zaccheus Collins, Joseph Cloud,
rhoinas J. hlewsoii.
DIED, reaswu'er .lolin Vaughan.
At Nottingham, Md. on the 8th inst. -
in the 68th year of his age General Ro PRINTING


iERt'i BOWvIE, an old revolutioimiry' ohi- OF EVERY DESCRIPTIONI, Rxto'EDn AT
cer, and formerly Governor of AMaryland. TiIS OFFICe..













TO T'IlF EDITORS. only eni'jracesthe principle t'ht itt ; oppression
If w'e nmty judg-from the sentiments whicli of the mnother'country nmay cancel hie obliga-
we have from all pirts of the United Sta'wi. the tons of" a colony; but there are also powerful;
ack .owlel ernelt, onl the part of our goveri- 'aR"-g -t i,- fo' o"f lits dismen-crmet i,
men', of the indet ptendence of the Spanish pro c..rtain cases, whatever may have been the con-
vinces. even if it ,uold involve us in a -'vnr with lt ct 'if the p'',',iit state towards it. When the
Spain, wonM m' et ,te w.shcs of tih people i del pend.-ences ,,f, t..-,vernment have attained a
g neral. -itt the ctliisions of popular 'ceCling sufficient strei-gth i'l tlhiir own protection, and
are not a correrl standard for natioll I acts"; ihen tlhell ,rCnit, Icipion will he unq esioiabI -
they are too.freqientily the oflflpring ofrino- attended b grea-t lt.,'icfits. nit cniy to them-
siderate rashitess. or that coiit ion '13 which selves, but t., the whol- world, thiey ought to
opiionsfiundtcd in error will circulate from be discharged fiom subjection, upon every
moIh to mou-h, without exam nation, because principle of analogy and justice. The munici-
wit out responsibility. Yet, as citizens of the pal laws o' eery st ate hae ixd a certain age
only repu:hc in the world, we canot fail to wlen the obhgation-. for parental care and .sup-
loovk w.tt -.-tx upon ua.ris pr.Ignai. t with port during the h periodd of infancy, are hed to
th it i,. ost-events to aile cause of ilber- lie discharged by the services wchiic may have
ta, ill ci, vihateve, part we take wiil pro- been rendered by the child in the intervening
bably influence in no small clet'ree the decision time, after which the claim of society is consi-
of posterity upon our' n.'ioniial c acter. To dered superior to thit ot the pa.rent. NT". ift
this decision we must not b indiffl'rent. Our' the parent maltrent the child during ,",,n, .,
relations with forei'Ti powers have hitherto dis- the law will even tiheti take a'vtway parent's
played a spirit of eoxtrordinarv moderation, bh authority.: The bingiig a ch ld into the world
good fu itl, aud, in order to preserve so g&lo;riu creates of ltselfalone no obligation, especially
Uchaciretr:r aimongrnauar,-"conside-%ti6ons, how- where there is not affection in the parent, bit
",epr sHducing, and no clamors, however me- it is the subsequent support ,which is the refd
nacing, should cause us to deviate from the path ground of obligation; else foundlings would h;e
of stern republican hon-_stv. iTn all tlie discus- bound by ties of gratitude to those who aban-
sionslrelatI.ngtotheiewar in:S(l Ameria-; there doi them at their bI.th, as well as children who
seems to be a tehcieticy of kno'wiedgi res-u .ct- are sol-A in some countries, or used as slaves by,
ing the actual state of the country; this is'to be their parents. The same rule v. which applies
expected front the nature of a civil war, and here to society individual,, applies to it col-
therefore will, 1 hope, extcue any errors in the lectively ; for'surely if itbe important that each
hasty rejections I have mrwe upoi the subject. citizen should, after -,.,, ,,; the paternal
The most obvious eniq iries seem to be, claims, contribute by 1. ..ct ., ad inddusirv
Whiats the nature of the relatimn between Spain to the'common welfare, how mtich more neces
andtihe South Americas 'i. e. whedltr the lat- sary is it that a portion of the human finail,
ter owe allegiance of rig-t to the former, or are possessing incalculable resources, should be re-
justifiabie in shaking off her yokte ? What is leased from a pupilage which has wvithliheld these
our situation with regard to both parties, that resources from the common stock duringg three
is to say, whether oiiu:,obligiitions ill be viola- hundred years !! Vien it is also remembered
ted by a recognition ofthe incicpeideiice of tle that the dominion of the- mther countrtry can
South Amer'cans ? An'l, lastly whether the only be perpetuated by a system of policy which
consequences or sue i a recognition at tthis time retrains the colonists from becoming useful to
are likely t) prove dagerotus to our interests ? themselves or the world, and shiuts up one of
One of the most kdstin gislhngcircumstances the fairest and most fertile regions of the earth,
of these latter timep, is the spirit of liberal in- is it not manift it t a 1 ngr subjection of
vestigiatlon wiith wbi'ic:i the foundations of civil these provinces to such a government -,i- .-ist
sbc t'i h.ve .L .i,- W. 1.,.,, h.order and ccnoinyof nitire? I t... ... ti,
I .h nt. I. : 1. C-ir t., i .. l:.e o .. r obiecl, though I am not sure that it hasabeen
~,of ali h" C ,d .* ,l the interest of Siain, to securee iter power in
t bo b l i i.. I, ,' it .- ,. i'i, r it ,r,, I the province,, she has certainly tak-ten the mosL,
the .t it I ia i "Ir.%.. i effectual means to do so, by preventing the dit
to, offer proof, the doctrine so ,I ..J',- ad- tfsiobn of learning, discnonteiiancirig agric, ture
ifitted, thatallnien are born with rights, that and : ..' commerce, manufacturers, aind
governiments 4te iitiendedfor the security and the tiecianic arts; but it seems a paradqx to
preservation ofthese rights, and thit when they expect any thing-like affection or community
do rut *jLrue h.,i. they become oppressive of feeling' from : people thus interdicted aid
and ur.i i Ih 11 many obstinately refuse to abused, or that they should still cliig to those-
amnit ihe e"table conclusion, that, when got'- whom they have such reason to hate, out of'
ernmenits defat the purposes for which they mere filial obedience.
were desigi d, they cease to hbe aiy'loinger As ai inevitable consequence it follows from
governments. But, whatever' may be the this right of independence being in the Patti-
strength ofprejudices which have accustomed ts, that we have the right of' c n.Ii I..l ,,. t
ts to lookuapon any art of the habitable globe it were necessary to c ntnd fil..r
as the law;ul patriniony if one man, those pre- right of a people in certain' cases to6 separate
judices cminot so far subdue the'reason'of an themselves from the mother country, abtuidant
honesmind,' asto niake it believe that, in suite ,proof is furnished not only in the i'ns-i'ce o
of his. oppression,-this man's title is indeIfeasi- the United States, but in that of many other na-
ble. Ft- 'unless our fellow men are igard.-J t",i: both ancient and modern, whose sove
i. he it.e ,.: of beasts oft burden, :who is sc a r ch .ii i ., at 'different' times b 'rn recognized
Cl a. u,..O to'confess that there is a point of by the- .-orld. This beingthe facI. ('I i, I;.
r .< ...i. h i ., !i;. l. ,. ;.iii... run .r..l ,.r pt of e.. .'t. } .- C *,i. I *^ tl,,:- .,u,- t
bin- rc :c,- ..r S i,...1.-- h'' i. r ,I .L. m manner i..k .I i .. i. arguit lenl t a-
p,) r.-rnrid ,t".i-- wi t.. j. J .- .. '.. oL....l i. ,'ains otti' stt doing in th-e resent case is, that
r .T i I.e u,,I. k.., k .o ,,in s it i I .,: la In.iI ; e i, s u ,i i" l i-e .a pi ,,eil. it ag ira -
S- .. u... -..l ..i".. y-if-, .i.i. ci cH ity.-- L in- couitenancirt I u d ub e ...l ,t ....e ir, r' o
'' s C o tutepi-sciit, 1.- fi t
.,- n r r,1 r i i.. i ,.-i .. B .t. i r ,, is is n otlhi-g i ... t i .. ... .
vain tor wan ith men wIho are in love will. itj assumes'the'principle, once t subject ahoa.s a
bondage m. .to reclaim Pagan from sulbiect, a principle whiclih however correct as
Ie "...'... '.tl .. l is. ,Letthem deceive fILr P *I -I:e t s i .. life and existence ofa state,
l,:ros .e i,, I'.-i-.' notions of,loyaltvy;, l- t '' ts applicable to its aggran-
.:r -.i. ii. if ll, l -.-ic elicit. n it ILt undoubtedly .the interest of
or.tfe,.or property, -i'Ir t I r.In- s ;ir..i ii i "' t represent Ih pr. .. .,'.st riggle as t c
-Jos. I speak 'to those who wish equal'justice imere i"'1' il"" i -h v, l.. stories, but. the i
for themselves' and mankind -Letitus tirn our o 'i. ,I 4"b'. received, -Wdi any onepre ,
eyes then to t le Spanish piovinces, the thetare tend that her domiuioni.is lo be perpetual over
ef.a criic I ,, ii, d... ,. r.', .l ...,.ine a country six times its extent, embracing a ra-
in iw h at .,11. -i i ce, .,' ,,.., ll', .q ,'r...l ,tn.t : *r,:- ,* ,,,7 """ i* ,, i, .l ce that _
c( i,,-.ir,,. .;.) i... ,li -T- r -th '.-'anod<-of i-asquisitioni ,If [_.' l,r ., *.1 l ,.i,.. l ,. I.-. t... ri e thou-
or tPe In., i-.== administration of their, Xov- ,1 : ** S *' -. 3 I
crnmient, nas been such as t.e. -,.tiL h r iti lthe rea'on'ible- io one at least who is a friend to l
.,b.:-.li -..:, of those provinces. n I.ik.i..l tf then the ,'connexion0 with Spain
1 lini- iundi'reld i,.r-. i. t body of' Spanish- m usttin the natural o,. 'i-,. i; ...., L,,. i,.... I ,
soldiers lai.i ,.i -.,r. ,t ....- of M exico; they W, y not now as w 1] .1 t...,,, p.,,- .... .,
found a numerous and happy' e.i[.l.1. .. ..1., -, the Americans inicap ,t.I.. -. rn-ri,: '
themselves, under kingly '...-: t Iri,: ii a n .. We have lately seen a. people whose inferiority
-were hospitably receiver s' .i en.-i ,i, d in he scale of humanity has been loudly pro t
W hat was the r `tturn ?.. % ili., p... *** -I l '"""I t. r- f l ti, ll_ I i t Ltters, and entering at'
or cause of war, they traversed the nifortuiate" .. i- '"- .. ni ai"-..(- of a government.-
country with fire enld sword, and, amid the asi-. Th'Ie comparison is greatly in favor of the South
es of the temples, and cities of this brave and Americans. A s en years' struggle with their
loyal people, poclaimed the dominion of their oppressors lias given a renovating impulse to
Tniastei. The di .igisinfg scene of perfidy and mind it society. The public documents, and
bloud was reputed witti every cruelty thr'ouih. even the common publications of those provin- i
out the countries of Per., Chili, &c.. This tale ces, which have cease ) for sole time to be the r
of crime has been soiofieti old, that humaniiity theatre of war, exhibit wisdomLsiand ability, and f
sick ne is ilt i-.) of;- ei..- ul tha hi at, a spirit f.virtue and moderation ; while proofs
on thl.- u,,, ol 'I,_ f.a'3i. I ..I c-einer-, of ot the most patriotic devotion:contric tooe-'i- - the, Indians was upreared a horrible despot- yen by such as are still.in arms. a
ism, which, in the character of vicertys, exer, But 'we are.reminded of olir relations with h
cised the 'iost monstious tyranny. In the Spain. This o);bjection souily .important fi'om
place of the gentle aind.uuoffend;ng A!-oigines, its being entertlaied by honest men, who scru-
a new people has arisen, consisting of the des- ple to violate the national fath. ,It is saidthat
cendants ot Spanish settlers, and ofa'.- i,.ir .-.I' 1"", as a treaty of anuity exists between us
Spanish and ndians.. Of the native Indians, bty aiid .ie mothercountry,any ot.lcn,r' ..i.i.- l,i ,r,i
mu,'h the g'.i'resr p-'rt is in a most servile and aid or countenance afforded i .,- hti. ,. L..-. : -
d..-Ir1 e.d Jo.i,i-r.., notwithstanding the edict lious provinces, violates our amicable engage- sr
of Charles V. by which they were raised to tie rents, imismuch as it tends ., thei ,'.,,,.,...,.. on
rank offreemen. The number who have fallen menit of the dominions of Sp-,., I In. .., .,l it
victims to one or another of what a Spanishi his- this conclusion consists ill the mistaken con- oi
tonan emphatically terms',the Ten Plagues, is su'uction put upon the treaty; By a treaty of ta
truly frightful; all of which plagues were in- v amity, each party engages to pursue friendly f.
produced directly or imnideittally by their ori conduct towards the oilier, as far as is consist- vi
ginal invaders. Wheh Ione reflects upon the e It iith {he welfitre, of :1., .. oii citizens, and Ci
wrongs of this people, and tih- i,.. ',.,-,, ...I justice to all the world. lie, ,cs of one party thi
with which they have encountered them, the lnay injure the other, without any violation of W
rage of their persecutors at beholding the pro-' goo' faitl; -or example, restrictions are often th'
gres ofa revolution which promises to restore iosed uppn certain articles of commerce, K
tlien-t-glost liberties, is onlk equalled by the which are most sensibly felt by friendly nations' ba
satisfaction it affoids-to- every 'generous bosom, bit are not considered as infractions of a treaty, sa:
Thereis so much, indeed, that shocks religion 'unless specially provided against therein. So,- '
and every honest feeling, in the conquest of it is well understood, that,in the ordinaryoccur- o'c
South America, tnat justice-refuses to acknowl- fences of life, the letter and spirit of treaties
edge any righitul property to it, from that can nevei' be departed from; yet there-are great
source, in the crown of Spain. For if itbeab- aid itpoitant revolutions in governments,when
surd to impeach at this day the validity of'tiules the articles of a tr aty cannot be observed in
by conquest, although acquiired by wars confes- ill theim' ice, without serving one nation at the
sedly. unjust, its quite as ridiculous in the con- expense of justice aid the welfare of thie rest
querors to complain of those who seek to ac- of mankind We received the minister of Napo- .
iuire the same title from tin-.n, notwithstanhding leon after his return from Elba and yet it will e
tleir long and unmolested possession Has an-y ut be' pretended that we thereby violated our
Sne ever doubted the rigio t of the Spaniardsov thaith to t oils ; and surely, if power reinders tires- th
expel the Moors ? Or, if the Peruvins had ttes iegatory, justice and the rightsof humaiii- thi
overrun Spain, murdered haif,the inhabitants, ty ought to be allowed equal veigoit to jnvali- sii.
settled down upon the sdil, and intermixed with dite provisions of a treaty, incolpiti.tribe. with i
the natives, does any- one suppose that their them. We are not league withe s palid "fon tin
descendants iwotid always remain bound to obey better for worse ;" shei knows perfectly weil, pe
the government of Peru, h'bv oppressive soever that the time us at sand 'h,-i-shie must give up ,
it might be? Surely thitose at least might be ihuse vast possess ,ns; anti her's anre not t rie
excepted from the obligtion, 'n whose veins yearnings of comipassion towards dehtlided ier
there flowed a drop of Spanis blood Before gratisbo Bfr teflhi children, but tlhe contortions of a iii-
the late convulsions, there re w somi e classes in ser,complede to duisgor'ge his itll-got treasure.
the provinces, of wliicl the first in rank was the It is ntot surprising that she should idol on ai a 1
Cimhafetones, or emigrants from old Spain, wh> lobng as a hope of u jugation remains t; tibri. 'wilhen ;e
frilled all te important offices, to the exclusion South-America tae.n.s ter rank amcing nations, ryi
of every other class, anA who have doubtless the courtiers of old Spain isist bid adieu to he r)n
become odious to the.patriots,froii carrying into weahth in wliich they have so long rolled. An el -
execution the oppressi-e laws 11 these men had ackno'wvledgment on our part, as.-.t wilt tenilt, to .
nendeavored, by a nui'd and fosteriiig govern- make the war 'inextii~gmfisiauble, will doubtless bh
meht, -to obliterate the desolati g traces of be highly offensive tm Spars, but this will be r u
Cortes and 'izarro, and lhe sacrilegious priests "the head 'tod fr'onii of ouir offendi.ig," for .!o
/who sanctified their enterprises, they might surelyit cannot be said'that wte therein do an pr
then, wilh some show of justice, claim the sab- act uninuthorized by the example of olher na- ofl
mission f the provinces; but, on the contrary, lions, or the principles of justice towards outi he


they stand convicted, to the w'orik of having' tellow men. W. vh
pursued an illiberal and. ruinous policy towards Whether such a step will be follower by a T
themin, for the space of three centuries-;a ft: t declaration of war from Spain, or whet..er she -nn
too ell known to be denied. will have inituenice to eugage the powers of
The above reasoning, if it can be so called, Europe to espouse her quarrel with us, are j


questions to be rn..,'Jd b\ the f",..:ilt and
sagacity' of C'ngress. It is a point bmorac'ng
such vari ty of' political intbromation, that I would
.ot venture toi offer any thing further than the
general opinion that we have VMery little ap-
prehiend from thli U ...,i-,i.e i t-, .
..CURTIUS.

Extract &/' a letter qf recetit date from
W1a.vhington, to the editor of the Bo.s-
ton Patrot. ,
You see that the refical of6'ihe internal
taxes has passed both houses 1by an over-
whelming majority. Our treasury is
full, and the public debt is rapidly cimini
fishing. In this prosperous. situation' ul
the country, what must be tThe reflections
of our high-toned federalists ? -iuring
the-war they could taik of nothing but
the ruin of the country. If such'r mn as,
Madison and Monroe continued to go-
vern the nation, we were all going to de-
struction together. Wr were to be load-
ed with a monstrous debt, and with e-d-
less and oppressive taxes. Outr property
was to becomine thle prey of our tyrants,
and our sons wVere to bt-come the slaves
of iBonaparte. A' horrible'rench con
scription was recommended by Mr. Mon-
roe, and we were all to be led forth and
butchered on the shores of Canada. .
How must these prophets ,v -- down,
their heads! Insvtad of all this wretch-
edness and ruin, what do we se.e ? ;Ve
see the United, States 'unspeakably the
most happy nation on the globe. Outr
treasury -is overflowing;, our debt and
00ur taxes are diminishing ; our western
wilderness is rapidly turning to fruitful
fields ; and our national character is be-.
coming the rn-itii.ir, ,if tle, "(tiJuld.
A'll this hi i.-rii -1..ie urdJ r t!-e arl
ministration of men, whom the federalists
attempted to stigmatize as weak and
wicked, the enemies of th-ir country.
Yes; all thrse.blessings have been brought
tbouthby areDublican administration;under
the guidance of a lien-cficent protidr,~ie..
I perceive the tdi:'r o'f the ( '- t.,.
in speaking of the appointment of thenew
Attorney General, hlas,. by an obvious
blunder of the press been mad" to speak
,what -every one knows to be icr-rciecr.
He is made to say, that Mir. X'in i-s a
man of independent federal politics"
It seems the "of,"'instead.of t)eing where'
it ought to be, after independent." .was,
in the hurry of the pr- s., i.nhr'riiurtiaoil
shuffl-d be/bre it. It should r.'ia, ,"' .li.
WVirt is a man indepficndent ( federal po-
hitics." -Bost. Pat. ..
. .-. --- -- 7 -- -: .......--- --'-----

-' f lThe -Rer-.-Ir. -FF.Nstw K, Presi-
lent of G.,orge'own Cllege, ... p.eacr :..
:.. Patrick', church to-morrow momrnnig, at 11
' luck '
j' '

in lit.u-'* Books.
W ILL be sound aL Bates's auiticon room,ot,
aT Tuesday evening, the i' h.inst. at early
t r.. i. 'gi r, r i 'r)e invoice of valuable'b6oka,
'i t -1 j-reiti branctles of literature, amonu
whit'i e i.
Walker's D-ctionary, Tlibles, Scott's, Lady
! ,. -t,g.- "s Works, 5 vols, Pluta.-ch's'Lives, 8,
- A, .,,' W orks, 11, IDa.-.e' i,,. ',, 5, .. .
ar'ds'- West Indies, 5,' 5i cns H.t.,,i,
tl'l G-e -- ( e 4ee 't l t .t i a_ r, I i. I.I
ins' Ancieht History, 8, tGe.irge i i. j, E mpi i,-
m ,ft Airts, 2, Leo X, 4, i,..r.,' i.t Taste,4,,
lciii], Munford's Reports,.4, Hi'rris & Mle
Henry, 3, Jacobs's Law Dicti.,in, ti, Selwyn's
Ni.si Prius..3, Chitty on ith;:., ,;i'e',. ,n Con-
-evancing, Durnrford & lE.t L.- *"S' Jtis-
inian, TlauRLono'% Rports, 4, Cranch'i Reports
DAVID BATES, Auc'Lr.
jan 10-St


CONVEYAN(L iV;.
1 t. JAMES Gt)ODDA.D t M- .ri ,. s. ,cc.
to the public as a CmG. *-.,Incte,. a. his
esid,:nce, near the junctio-i ulf sI i'rei and the
'ein.sylvinia avenue. '
His hours of doing business in tie above line
ili be-rro, 3--to-6-o'cluck p. m. fHiii'harge;
re moderate. Tit'ings and extracts left wit
im wil be promptly afterded to. "
jan 10'-wtf

I1 MARSHAL'S SALE.
be 'ILL be etxscdl 1. public sale orr Satur-
r day, tl.c 17ta i, ,, ,ii ti pre n,,e, un,
aall frame hIoush and all .. I- .r ,niiprivi--eiric-t
n part of lot No 1 ii square No 880, fri-it-,
g the Easterni branch m-rket house. The lo,
i a lease of 99 years, renewvab;e forever, con
ining about 28 front feet, at one 'dollar per
ont f rtue of writs ot fi, ri fci.s, I ,j.eud t ,i ,h.
circuit Court of the District 6f, Co fTb, r i fr
e County of Wasisiigion, one at the suit oi
Vni Wood, and' the otner at the suit ofTimo-
y Winn and Silas Butler, agiinit John IMce
in, administrator of J.imiiL Mckin. Ipc i
il of Joseph Woodson, .,, Isoi it,, ti, tt
me., "
Terms of sale cash. Sale.to commence at 10
;lock A. M.


jn 10-3t


WASHINGTON BOYD,
Marshal D. C.


NOTICE ..
LL persons indebted to the subscribers, are
L informed that they will be waited oni il a
w days with their accounts, and it is hoped
it every person' will be prepared to settle
cir accounts, either wihli cash-or notes at
urt dates ; in no case will any account be pe'r-
tted to remain unsettled, especially those of
ng standing. Persons having, claims will
ease to apply for payment.
SV. S. NICHOLLS & Co.
Georgetown, jan 10-St

100 Dollars. Reward.
1 AN away from %he subscriber, residing o:.
t the farm oi Mr. Isaac Dt ittt, in Prince
r.rges' county, negro Jacob, formerly a ter-,
nan a, Quinn's ferry, over South river, a ve-
b.ack mann, wit.-i a car across his forehead.
tut .30 years of agZ, 5 feet 8 or 9 inches higih,
open good countenance, and generally we'i
i<,ved, i .ad on when be went away a blune
ihdabout and trowses, bhut as he has other
t-e- he will" of course change 'hem. It is
bh.-le he is somewhere in ;he neighborhood
r. Joseph Hall, Am.e Arundelco-.nty,wvhere
has a wife, or has goae to Alleghany county
e,'e he has a brother
The ab(,ve reward will be paid immediately
my getdng possession of the negro.
JOHN CONTEE.
in 10-inmo.


th
ai


Spea-maceti Oil and Candles.
SIGHT casks of first quality) Winter Strain-
ed Spermi ) 1),
25 boxes Spermn Candles, direct ficm New
Bed.ord. are offered for sale by
P. MAURO.
j-n 10-.3t

Publishing by S'ubscription,-
N NEW anJ beautiful e.timon of e:epantsx-
.. tracts, in prose and verse, being ac.picu,
electionn of instructive, moral a'n.d entert.iiin'
p 'ss :ges frotm the most-minunt w,riters-in 12
vrils 1molr-' F
'lo be emb'libhshed wi'ti 24 elegant ccppom-
r.at ena.vip s, illustrat've of lifflrent sub
jeci- enibraced in thewoik.
PuliL s.ed.monthly unl d-comrpleted-price'
: sob:.criLers 1 per v. lhmein extra boards
payable on delivery in1 each volume, '-ir 10 to
nse who pay in adv new !or toe wiole. Sibh
!.cr options received a: .I. Milligar's bookstore,
;s-.rge; own, where the 1st and 2d vols. m.ay
I. !,,1 .
i .n 10-

NEW BOOKS.
SSK ETCH of tije 1ctiar) nd political pow-
.Er ot fHussIo, in the yea; 1817-serpens ni
si serpentemr cuiedari.--non sit diaco. 1.'
one volume yvo. By Sir Robert Wilson -
I'lec- in boards 1 50.
}'he balance ol'comtfort, or the old maid and
S'ir Crl hi ..':, a ..oa'v.1: 2'y Mrs. Rots, author
,L.; r-r: ..r n the coxain:., family estate;
mndmern ciaypso, psl;red not match ., &c. 2
,v..;P. boards, price 81 75
(,>rl' t lIc ..' .i, by he authorof an ant.-
dolte to the nniseries of humant.i ide, cottage
glitches, &c. price 75 cen s
No 56; Auusist. 1817, sftIt E.J.-,our,' ,
view, pr c' $ 25
Just receive and .r -i.'e ,

.* \ \i" ~ *;""": Hio', -.te~e;, G~eurgetown.
Janlp--- ,*

50 Dollars Reward.
'; 5 .N aWay i'-.i. the .sbiscrtibei, living in
i- Georg'ciown, on the 121h September last,
nigro boy nanie. A,arn, 14 years of age, 4 it.
7,or'8inches iign, has rattler a flat nusi---b;gh
,rchead ; his hair is somewhat iong, and thin
.,n his head. He has a small sqar on or about
.le centre o'f his forehead, and a large one uon.
,1.e ol' his .rms. just above ume Wrist He is ielit
.!nded, has a fine seit of teeth aud prominent
ps, 'and. pleasing countenance when' spoke.
o Hadon when he went away a pair of oiai
..ankmn.pantaloons, a'coarse linen stirt, and a
S...apron oi coarse liinen--he is without hat.
",i" shtues" -- "-
I li 1. the ab've reward if delivered tc'
;oc i. G o G 1.,-i, tr 25 dollars if secured in
"* ,;i,.l ih.it I get hi ,.aga-n. It.is probes
I that he is gooie u irmo Mmntgomery cobin)y
1 'I prcihased h ii.ioilr lthe berry. estate about
4 tars ago -


jt 10-tm,


LODOWICK SHEPPARD.


A Manual -of Parliamelntlryiv"
S practice, .
T7;R > i0e use oh: the 'fetnte cf the United
ai" e' lBy ir...rm iri.t',--...n. Seconde-
dition, with the last additions of the author.'
oiNTAiirtr e,
Ilules,, importance of
Legislature
'Privie e .

Qual;fications
Qitoiun. ,
Ca ll u.eth house '
Absence 4
Speaker
.Add(ress -.
U-obniittees s .---.---- -- *- -. .
Commniittee of the who e
IT jln -';.,rIl. -i,,f e c ininittees, c
1 ,i 4-' n.t Ol b, ,s i

Re' aspect. ng papers
S In debate
Orders of the house
Petitions
Motions
Resohitions
', l i l l li e ..l i V, *
Leave to bring in'
First reading
Second reading
Commitment
lieport of committee
Recommitment
mIport taken up .
Quasi committee
Second Ieading in the house,
Reading papers
Privilegeq questions
Previous question
Amt endniems
l)iY'ion of question
CG,-existing questions
Eq'.'a :t 'es'ions
The question
Third reading
v' vision of tIe house
r. itle "
R eron iirl'ti~on'
n.Il- ,nt tatuie other house
Amendments between the hudtses
Conf rences
Messages,
Assent
Journal
A juurnment
Session
Treaties
Impeachment
AT.SOP
The constittitionof thi United States
Rules fur conducting lbuiinesb in -the senate
.-tules and orders Iur conducting btiines.s i;
ie house of represent ives of the U. States,
id
Joint rules and orders of the two houses i
Price S1 25. Apply to
J MILLIGAN, High street.
jan 10-


District of Columbia,
TVashington county, to twit
ON the petiun o L ut ClaItLES Co'ILr, :,n n!.3ol
vent debtor confined in ihe prieonoft' Wsh
ing'on County for debt, Notice is hereby .i-
rien to the creditors oft tie said Ciiarl.s C;,ny,
t: at on iMond..y, the 26th ol this month, ai
11 o'clock a. m. in the court room in the cC-
pitol,theoath prescri ed by the act of the Gen-
g-ress of the United. States, entitled an act for
the relief of insolvent debtors within the lDh-
nrict of Columbia," will be adrn.nisiercd t '.hit
i.id' insolvent and a trustee :,.pomtned, un'e.-s
sufficient cause to the contrary be then and
there shewn.
Provided a copy of this notice he insr-rted
in the National Intelligencer S times previous
to said day.
By order of the honorable William Cranch.
Chief Judge of the Circuit Cout of t'the Dis-
trict of Columbia.


WM. BRENT, Clerk.


jan 10-3t


District of Columbia,
-alirgtorri county, to wit.
SxN thepetiir,io if WILLIM"s A' 1Y, an
insolvent debtor confined in the prison of
Washg'ton oun-ty for tdrbt, Notice is hereby
irvi n to the creditors ofthe said William Baty,
Ihat on the 3d Monda, of tJuary inst.at 11 o'-
.iock, A. M. M it the court room in the Capitol,
thle oathi |re!.cribed by' the act of Congress,
nttitled An Net for the relief' ,f intsolvent
deht.ors within the District of Columbia," will
he administered to the said insolvent,& a Irus-
tee al pointed for the bfIn fit of his creditors.
unless sufficient cause toothe contrtty Le then
tnd there -lhewil.
Pr(,ovided a cpyv o!f this notice Le Insertedl
i the Iai"o'nal Ine' iigencer three times pIe-
vius I tie 3d ti on.dary ii Jantary
By ordf of' hi Hln .iJames 8 Morseil, Esq.
.oi. a sisan, lJudge, of the circuit co'.iFt of
ilie Unie-d States forth district 'f CGdiimbia.
... M. IiRNT', Clerk.
jin 10-3t .

".. ,;-.-t uof I ,! ,i. ib,, "
Washington. 'ounft-, t witt.
ON the petition of A Bi.h.H S 'IThI, con-
fined in tie prison of W4hingtoni Coemn-
iv for debt-Notice is hereby given'to the
creditors of:the [aid Abjah Srmith, that oit Aloa
day, ilie 26th of this moth, at lI o'biclock
A. 641 at the Coiurt bornm in thie Capitol, the
oath prescribed by the, Act of CongrI's,
of the United States, entitled "'an Act for
the relief of6t Insolvent Debtors within the Dis-
trict of Columbia," will he administered to the
said Insolven, andi Trustee appointed, unle-s
suffi tieini cause to. the contrary be .,then and
there shewn.
Ordered that this notice be published in the
National Inteligencer three tiuas previous to
the said 26,h of Janu.ry inst. I .
By order of the don James S. Morseil, one
.:.f .1i l-es of the Circuit Court of the Dis-
i t ul '.'uinbia.
SWM. tRENT, Clerk.
-Jan0-St 3 -
SDistrict o f Culurnbio,
Washington county, to wit.
N the. petition of JAMS WAI'TSUN, an
insolvent debtor, cornfined in the prison of
W\ Lietr 'iAua f4r debthi notice is hereby
g n U t.,e lc L.... 1 i.,e- said James Wat.
son, thatoa Monidiyv. hel26tiiof thi- rnoniti,
t 11 o'clh,ck A at `the court ri ori, m l'
oath prescribed by the act of the congress of
t.e .UAted States, entitled an act frw. tfie re-
lief of)f uslverit iebinra wi'hih the District of
Columbia," wiel be aclmiiis' ered to ti, e aid in-
solvent, and a trustee appointed for tbe beherfit
of his creditors, unless sufficient cause to toe
contrary be iien and there shewn.
Providetls this riodeb inserted in. the Na-'
tional Irteili'gencer three times previous to
said day. "
By order 6f the Hon. J. S. Morsell, assist-nt
judge of the Circuit Court of the U. States for
ole District of Columbia, .'
WM. BRENT, Clerk.
jan 10-St

aie of lI'r6inch Goods.,

S M1'I, be exposed for sale at Public Auc-
Stiton on Saturda next the 1, h, m. t,
at 11 o'clock1, A. L. at the ,, i .: r..f ,iri ,',occu-
pied by Mr. J.:l:..r.1, belongauig to R. C.
.-i;;ii ...... sq., oth street.
I '."-' -- dlou le mode
18 dtoo. SouIffle Ganze
S5U dozen black handfs
80 do snuff boxes
20 rounds de serviette
'3 pieces white chamberry '
41 pieces Blond and Tule lace, black and
white .
20 do camnbric hands
S3 tea setts elegant chuia
2 gold repeating watches
-- o -Idies od .
13 baskets Bordeaux oil f
14 boxes capers, olives and anchovies
1 do preserved fruits :
Togetheriwith an assortment of milinerv con-
sisting of black chip and white velvet boninets,
lace caps, tturbans, lace trimmings, -.': alcr:,
handkerchiefs, &c. L&e.
The above articles have been imported by the
brig Janiea Monroe, and I am authorized by the
owners of them, to sell the whole without re-
serve, to close the concern.r
Terms naadc known at the diay of sale.
'P. MAURO,
jan 5-dts Auctioneer.

Additional Sale.
Will be added to the sale ot French Goods,
which is to take place on. Saturday riext, the
10rh inst. at 11 o'ciock. a. m. the fi0lowioig
goods, belo.;giig to the saae concern :
4 pieces Merino cloth, assorted
7 do levantines and florences
2 do blact silk vestigs
4. boxes silk gallons
1 do fancy reticules
Prinmed merino and levantine shtwls
Back iove ribbons, &c.
The whole of the goods may be examined the
day previous to the sale, at the store belong;.
ing to It C..Weightma E'q.on 6:h atreet
P. MAURO, Atctioneer
-j n 8-

Sale. at Auction.
ON Saturday thie lith inst. ,t 11 o'clock, A.
AM. opposite tthe GCeter Market, at the
house of Francis Pic, ill be sold a parcel of
Household and Kitchen Furntu e, Beds cnd
Bedsteads, Tables, Chairs, and some Dry Goods,
me Waggon and Geer, one Horse, two Billiard
ables Also, a Fra;.,e House, handsomnely si-
tated for a small grocery, two doors east of
dr Win. Wood's shop. Terms of sale are, all
uums uiider' 20 dollars, cash ; above. 2U dollars
o 50 dollars, forty days credit ; above 50, nine-
y days will be given, payment to be Secured by
notes, w th approved endorsers.
GEO A1DAMS, Atct'r.
N" B. Any person wishing, may view the pro-
lerty by applying to F. Pic, ,'ho is authorized
oa dispose of any of the property before sale
H. A.
H d--

A Horse and Gig for Sale.
FIAVE an excellent gig and horse that I
would sell ; the gig is new, made in Phila-
elpliia by igle. lThe horse very good for
lddle oir harness ; but not excelled'as a sa,lih:e
urse. They may be had together or separate.
r would exchange the gig for a very light
ose cati'i'itie.
Enquire of A. ELZEY, S. W. corner of N, ,
id 18th streets.
dec. 13-wtA5

BJ i- ,i q l LL "'['1'< > .:-
Oo N F. 1IteOWN CO. intobm the public.
Sta". they lit.ve ,in hnd a large supply of
u'," Vi, Sot Cs,'.iha;:h they con'. ..e to make
ther mr;,"iacti >y "i Pa'iricek, ne;.r Kin; at.


,A wdil warrant Tihem ti be equal in quality
a-iy made in the Um-ed States, which they
ill asll at the mors reduced prices for cash.
Alexandris, deo 3-w3mn


, ,


ti


i












REMARKS OF MR. COMSTOCK,
In, the House of Representatives, on thi
2d inst. on the following resolution, in-
troduced by him :
Resolved, That it is e.xpr.dient to provide by law
fur placing on the pension list the officers of tihe
army, who have becn wounded in battle (luring the
late war with (Greal Britiin.
Mr. COMS rocIC said,; e did not rase to say
much on the resolution he had just had the ho-
mor to present. He did not think the occasion
required him to go into thie subject at any ccn-
siderable length. But he deemed some expla-
nation of the motives whichhadinduced him to
this measure, due to the subject, to the House,
and to himself. He hoped, therefore, to be in-.
dulged while lie proceeded to make a few ob-
servations. The Hoise, he said, had ndt yet to
learn that wounded officers of the army were
not placed on the pension list by common usage
and design. If a contrary practice had, in a few
instances, obtained, as be was informed it had,
and some wounded officers of the army were
fmind on the pension-roll, the fact coulu be ac-
counted for only in.this way--A few wounded
officers had availed themselves of the pension
laws before the reduction of the army, shortly
after the close of the war. When this reduction
was made, a very small number of these were
retained in service; no reference having, he
presumed, been had, on this occasion, to the
list of pensioners. Mr Speaker(said Mr. Com-
stock) the services and sufferings ofthe revolu-
tionary officers atid soldiers have ever been duly
appreciated by the.people and by their. repre-
sentatives: It would be casting a dishonorable
imputation upon the virtuous and enlightened
citizens of. the United States, to suppose that
they could be unconscious of the exalted merit
of those who have endured forthem nakedness,
starvation, and toil, and braved so many dangers
in. fighting their battles. Nor did they brave
only the dangers of the fieAd idthey subjected
themselves to the fate of rebels, had t:.e issue
of.the contest been disastrous. Their conduct
must have called down upon them the unminin
gled fuiy of the regal government under which
they were held. It is true, indeed, said he,
that the revolutionary officers and soldiers have-
not,'in all cases, been sufficiently rewarded.
This has been owing partly to the want of means
in the government. and partly, he feared, to
an improper procrastination. .But I rejoice,
-said Mir. C. that the day of retribution has at
length arrived. On the recommendation of a
President whose blood was freely shedin the
arduous contest whidh established our indepen-
dence, and inspired with the senitinients land
feelings of :le ueierahle tieporter .rnd advoci.t-
of bill to iehard the fe a Sunivor. of that cou-,
test, we are about to accord to them that assis-
tance whieh they. need, and to which tiey arre
entitled by every principle of justice and ol
gratitude. Mr C si;d, he ,nxiously iripi uoc.]
this aitspicious ,- rod 11n m..r history, to nlite
the House to the subject in question. Mr.
Speaker, continued he, it will be recolectLid
that a proposition was made a few sessions
since, to bestow a gratuity in land upon the of-
ficers of the late army, according to their res-
pective grades.
Some honorable gentlemen were,at tha' time,
unwillitigtoconfer this: gratuity, without disori-
mination,4upon those officerswho entered -the.
army just bhetore-the -termination of-hostilities,,
anud.who had been.constantly employed in the
-recruiting service, as well as upon those who
had endured the privations and perils -of- the
field, int rndering long and signal service to
their country. None were found, I believe,
said Mr. C. that felt disposed to withhold the
bounty of their government from the latter
class of officers: all were ready to. reward ex-
alted nme it in. a1lf, said he; it would ever
gratify the fincrt k.:lhng, of my heart to aid the
passage-of any law necessary to do them.justice.
This, however, said lie, may be considered a
digression : he merely .suggested it to show
tliat no such objection .could be sustained a-
gaihst the resolution, or against a. bill of which
it might be the foundation.' The wounded of.
ficers ofyour'irmy have manifested the physi-
cal and moral qualities necessary in the soldier.
They have largely shared the sufferings and
dangers incident to their profession.- They
have 'not wasted theit time in the pleasures of
the ball room, & in the amusements of fashiona-
lle circles, remote froti fatigue, alarm and con-,
flicis. They have relinquishedd, their employ-
ments and professions, sacrificed their means
of acquiring ,.eth, aad, foregoing .the en-
dearmentsof doi i tilc litl, have 'soughlit the
tented field." T hey have met your enemy,
trodden the bloody arena, sustained your ea-
glesand achieved victory in the jaws ofdeeath.
They have borne from'the plain of battle the
laurels of conquest ; but-lave returned, seamed
with scars, disfigured. by I'rtl I',il wounds, or
deprivedof their limbs. In these consist their
pretensions as soldiers. In these they exhibit
themournful, yet proud, 'monuments of their
valor and devotion to their country. When
contemplating this-subject, said Mr. C. a num-
ber of names are presented to nmy view, which
I will:beg leave to pronounce in your hearing.
Among the wounded officers of your army, I be-
hold the. names of Majors Larabee, Wetmore,
and .Birdsall, with, Lieutenants Shaler iantd Wil-
cox.n. Major Larabee- lot his left armm t. the
Iljk .-'f Llrown o',., i, under the command of
C Gen tr.l Mloer 1 ti, general, distinguished
in so m i'. e,..t c 1rnr_ ,t'. l1 av,:.-said Mr. C.to
the-pen i uthe ieil'l hi.i e-'i:i : smffice itto say
tlat h i fame is i,'e impi.. lma.iblthan brass
ormarble. The ensiiation, t in. the battle of
Brownstown predlced, tlhroughiout the Union
crr, f ne~.r be i'..r,-'otcrin 0 r haftairs,tu sithat
time, e :,.c -.tiri'i ,,i ur, favcir 'ie aspect. When
dangers thicken d around his Spartan band,
their unconquerable spirit roshcomitensurate
with the crisis. They manifested a contempt
for danger, and an invincible determination to
coniquf .or to die'. They attacked anrid routed
the a1 u forces of the enemy, drove them
uroph.. ,*,,n "r' '-.,, c' c ;, ,,,,,r, ., 1-. i
but witlh the loss of an arm M~ajor Larabee sturi-
ved, and has ever since continued in the service.
The anm,1-ut upio s his linib has not lessenedhis
uasefilih--',. he reports of.the ..'i.ny sufficient-
ly evince his active service. Major Wetmore
lost his rig ht.arm; ii a-bold and dangerous eid-
terprize, on the Niagara station, in the first cam-
'paign, uner the cimmnand of an honorablp-,en-
tierinan ofthisHouse. Tiho' ne.has.losta mrost use-
ful member, he has lost none of that proud sensi-
bility which characterizes the Ameriean soldier.
lie has constantly served, with honorable dis-
tinction, in various capacities in the army. I
think, said Mr. C. that I was introduced to this
young man when he could reach to me his right
hand in the salutation of friendship; but this
he can do no more for ever. Major lBirdsall
was dreadfully wounded in the. ace when the
night assault was made on Fort Erie. It had
becpme his duty to dislodge the enemy from
the momentary possession.of that uastion which
was a'tcrwards blown op. A few inoments af-
ter this awful catastrophe, when he was stand-
ing on a twevty-four pounder, very rear this
fatal spot, dispensing orders to his troops, and
cheering them to victory, a ball entered his
mouth, carried off almost one half ofthis lower
jaw; and lodged in the lateral and hinder pat
of the neck. It has, very .recently, been.ex-


traced. Language ce~ffot express the suffer-
ings he had sustained. Repeated and extensive
ulceiations had supervened. The left shoulder,
,


from the continuity of its parts with those TO TIE EDITORS.
wounded and ulcerated, had fallen below its 1itleu I read your useful paper, t -.. din
natural position.. The dressings for the wound fr today all t prucein .I our
Smust be relmoved.and renewed several times gov ientaiid from the p ii you have adopt-
" day; certainly as often as food is taken, & some- ed oC fiaiiig ilbi'fre the citizens of the country
times more frequently. The couns.lat oozilig oft gener-ally a concise view of the wants ot'its in-
o the saliva, through the unclosed wound, soon iabitams as exhibited in their various petitions,
* wets not only the dressings, but also the collar some for indemaifilcation for. losses sustained by
and cravat. But, Sir, said Mr. C. I must not be them from the acts of' the enemy; sonimetbrin-
too technical and minute in description'upon this juries done by our owi 'armies ;'some fur relief
Occasion. We see, however, that sufferings, from prosecutjionfortbreach of embargo lasts,
- expense, and trouble have not driven Major non intercoure, with athousand others,and foi'
i Birdsall from the service. He continues, with a thousand different kinds, many ofwhich have
- his acknowledged zeal amd ability, to discharge baeen decided upon by Congress,on priucipleby
- its ditties with universal approbatioi. With which a numerous class of unfortunate people,
D Lieutenants Shaler and Wilcox, who were the most exposed to the -ravages and destruc-
wounded in the campaign of 1814, I have not, tion occasioned 'by war, have been solaced and
said tie, the pleasure to be acquainted, nor do I relieved-I say when 1 view the justice of this
- know their particular history. But they are in nation exercising itself in these numerous icts,
Sthe army; and their wounds clearly indicate occasioned by these numerous instances of mits.
2 that they have sought the pos' of honor, and hap and misfortune, my feelings are insensiblyh
Challenged the esteem and reward of their coun- drawn to a period yet within my ovwn recollec-
try. The former has.lost his left, and the lat- -tion and tbat of may others who still survive.
'tet' his right arm. The Congress of these states, or in otieti.
But Mr. Speaker, the allowing of an officer .woyd's the nm -iji, by its representatives,I repetil,
pay and pension at the same-time, mty be co i- havegone a great way in the last'aind pre-:ui.
S'ceived inadmissible. It may be said, that In mng i-Ciio,, to briongconsolation in every smiape
officer, entitled to a hfll pension, according o to the various sufferers itn the late conflict with
his rank, must be totally dis;tble and, by con- Great Britain, while thfe old, the decrepid, the
sequence, incompetent to afford efficient ser- .virtuous and patriotic citizen of the revolutin-
-vice to the'country. Mr. C. said, "the m..ds ,, ,r, has hitlerLo'-been neglected and for'-
S"total disability," used in the pension laws, sre gotten ;he is now indeed, most generally mix-
:indefinite in their meaning. The phrase, he ed with the clod of the valley, but hits desceiid-
said, was obviously relative. If the words wire ants are amongst us and for tihe most part nrow
tiken in their most. exteifsive and unqualified constitute its native citizens; wherc theni, I
sense, they would importdeath itself; or some- would ask, what statute shall I ex amine, what
thing approaching near thit state. For ifa rSan volume shall. Search, to find acts ,f mutifi-
-possessed only a very small share of corporeal ceiice or of'justice, for a parallel int the n sde
land mental power, lie could exercise it, in some adopted by the government in.its more recent
*way, towards procuring a livelihood. Never- conflict ? I know indeed, a petition for relief ion
Sthiel as, an officer, deprived of an arm, leg, or the records of both Houses ofCongrecss;' Iknoiw
-eye, is totally disabled in the view of the laws, too it has, been there, sirs, more than twenty-
judging from the interpretation they have re- 1,, _m.%rs- yet undebated and yet unhaird; ,1
'ceived: il practice, and is, therefore, entitled to know the patriiic anId ,f'.lrtui,.iAe owtner has,
:a fill pension, in proportion-.to hisa.x'ade. Ill | ,,, .;ice ia. ou.eJ t.. te ...., and I k'ribw
:will it (: 'contended 'that these injuries-O, e iCn- ,ls .nble ".irtier li." tif. 1-L far, entered
tial asthe. are, disqualify an officer to discai g c ,,toi t.,% 1c ea, .and t 1 km.... i..mr,-
the duties devolved upot him-? I trust not,-Sir, try has never to this day granted oe tin Llimi' ,..t
-said Mr. C I do not c nceivy that the being relief, orcontributed one cent h" th1 i J. t uct.
able to shoulder a barrel of cider, or to chop off tion.of an estate deemed then one 6f t'e fiair-
)logs, is im important qualification in an officer. est il the state of Peiinsvylvania. A native
-Lord N1lson did not possess the physical ability of that part of the- union will at once know,
:necessai'y to accomplish such things when he and will feel too, that I allude to the case of the
.fought those battles that have ranked him a, Valley Iodrge, in Chestercountv, then owned by
among the most illustrious of naval heroes, and the late Col. Win. Dewees. ''The independent
gilded the pages, of British history. roplietor had not long returned to his home,
Sir, said Mr. C. would s pension make, the ifromniin attack .of the enemy in the Jers i s.
conditionn of the officers IW have. named, more whiterr he bad-led a re. ircctbic force o ul is
eligible than ifthey had never'been woua.i'l, count ry mei,. G nera,, HIav. C.,s about. imarch-
Surely not. Wlat value .shall be put oni tli.c n Phit.lelphi, Siani haJ lan.ied at the head
wounds of these officers? \\liat is the ani...uit u l th" -ne \ .I ..ti o. on rhis event or-
-of the inconveenieice,e expeise and torlire .'.",mJ all the -T''ares c I- I ,hn. w u b. ie.. ed
ivwhichl-.heyI he borine,ancontinue to si,rt.,n' a pace of tey i) 'r on liS Ila and .ll 11 li
,Woniditheyl avebariered theiractiie hmbslura tr'onglii griunri. lie lieaed in person the
pes....in N0, -', tlhe k.d imore- th r their spot, nd ,oi red the quarter-master neri i
hlibib., lhen, i-i.,ired by nqbler motives, they (MIiffliti) to place them at Valley.-'orge-while
.mo.k up arm. se.d foughtfor their country lie with his gallant amy advanced to face the
Their talni.s and good conduct have continued foe, on the heights o l Brandywine-He fought.
thieLI., i the In.m., ; .they are able to serve you Thetug of war was perhaps no where more se-.
in.peace or it w, anr-, should you place them' merely contested than on that field; but the ene-.
on the pension i<.ll, hIum canitt be shewvn th:t my were victorious. The military stores then
this act of sheer justice ought to exclude them attracted the notice ofthe ebemyand they weL'e
from a participation in military employment and al lt. :ie woeed l'y r defictri"e-f of their
promotion', ,--- troops, together with 'the conflagation of the
Mr. speaker, the wiar is etIded; the du ouf buildings containing themsin spite of the efforts
arms does-not continue to salute our ears; our of the gallant Wayne, or the skill arid maam u-
eyes are no'longer pained with beholding gar- -vres other late Col. Hamilton : then it vas tihe
nments rolled in blond. We are prone to for- whole of the country, in front of the British,
get these things; but the wounded soldier, an was covered bv.'the Hessian troops-but upon
those who depend on him for protection and this family alone was wreaked all their ven-
support, have much reason to-rememnber themn. geance. 'I forbear further facts; but I could
Though our wounded officers of the army are niention'the marilyentreaities of the man, or the
not disqualitiedfor military service, their habiis more persuasive rs of the oman, to let the
.and the loss of former business and employ- i citp of bitterisi pass from them," when the
timents, have disqualified them for other pur- ,stc atmd at the devoted spot. Butthe
suits. S t u a c a s. generous Mifflii could only say his orders
Mi. Speaker, let us accord honor and assist- were positive, and admitted of no discretioni..
antce to the brave Is this a dream ? No. I was in company with
All things are common, but the warrior's fame: Col. Deweas many' yi- aftii .. rds, when the
That glows eternal in the mouths of men." Hero came to visit the ei-eamprmenfit-It--v'alr y
I: anniversary orations and songs, we are call- Forge, where le aind his veteran army lay in
ed a band of brothers. Let us evince, by our the winter 1777-78. I shall never forget it.
conduct, the sincerity of our fraternal affection. The Colonel presented his. petition for signa.
Tam in killing to join in these professions, if ture, tdo thii illustrious man ; hed took hin biy
they are unimeaniig. It is .mot enough to say : the hand and-in the most feeling manner told
a naked and hungry brother, "be thou clothed him, hle would certify it with 1lleasure--that
and fed." Tears of ..i ,pi.sth, should be'lew -we were growing fast iito a.great empire, long
our cheeks; and streams of munificeince should before, said he, your hard case will be forgotten,
-issue from our hands$. Sir, said Mr C. it is not and in time, too, I hope, when you'll be. young
among the least blessings of a republican gov enoutigh to enjoy its remuneration." Washing-
ernment, that its burdens are equally borne, and ton and te Colonel are gone ; but the empire
its advanta es equally enjoyed. Let us, Mr. is in full life and vigor. May it invigorate its
Speaker, do equal and exact justicee to every manhood by the e ejciise 6of justice and virtue I
class. of citizens. Thenour. free instittitutions, n Officer of the Pepnsylvania Line.
based in thie Ill LtCtioii ;f the people, shall ma. .
n ifestto >lie lc,, ,., ,the memorials of Co .
lumbian wisdo i and valor. I ltie, said Mr. "-FrtiCh onSf, it W1hleal0.
C. that the resolution will bh referred, and matt -sa.,i o (t,., at Wholesale..
something may result from it, beneficial to the N elegant assortment of fancy, milinery,
wounded officers of the army,and honorable to and staple Goods, are now opening, and
tlhe nation..- I hope that -governmeint will, atn wilt continue open for 6 days only, at George-
least, place then, ab.j t :i.ibairr.'mvnt, and town;, B-idge street, opposite Mr. Worthing-
enable them to ..ippot th m la t. i, ad those ton's store, for sale on accommodating terr s.
whom providence may have conmmitmtd to their Milliners and merchants are Tequested to
-eire and lpr'otection. It imust gratify every be- call. -
inevolentl heart to see the chijdrein of the Ni ound- jan 9-31
ed del'A.lir1 '.t tihci'r '.., i), ,; l hts, enjoying .. : '
those .,-,.c 1 -'.,,,g, lch dilr: gallantry of SALE POSTPONED.
their fathers has nobly contributed to secure :
and perpetuate. FU E AND H.US.E.
o he ct of ILL be said on Thursday, 8th Jan by or
The city of Soleure, says a late rench deofthcOrphas' cout-of Washington
paper, has had the mielancholy p ivi.ege county, it he lise residence of James MoKm
KoaciuszKto. The remains of that hero ture consisting of 4 or 5 beds, bedsteads, and
were exposed, dressed in black, on a bedding, sideboard,.setretary, looking glasses,
couch of state jand onthe 19th. October ialiogany tables, chairs, carpets, &e.
cou ch of state to th *19th octoe 8Aso, a frame dwellinghouse in front of the
carried solemrnly to the church of the Je- Eastern Branch market, on. a leasehold estate
suits, attended by the poor, the religious af 99. years, renewable forever, The tront.
corporations, several members of the go- part of this househas been occupied for store
vernment, and a crowd of citizens of all Also, 51 shares in the late Corrmercial Com-
classes, eager to render him.-hi-as4t-h~n1= paty of washington, one gig r r and hateeea, one,
agn. Nopomp, mi Military flourish dis- ilver wachadseerlarticlesof men's wear-
turbed his ashes, but they were blessef'd a .DAVID BATES,
and bedewed by the tears of all good men. jan 2-3t Auctioneer.
1-is body reposes in a leadlen, coffin, and ---- ..
will probably be cari'ied to Poland. |CThe above sale is postponed to
-- Thursday, the 15th inst. 11 o'clock a. m.
We regret to mention, that the ele, jari 9---
gant picture painted by Colonel Sarigent s :
of the Lunding of ou' forefathers' at Sale of City Property for Taxes.
Plymouth, has been entirely destroyed TLL: be exposed topublicsale, onthe 123th
biy damp. It was rolled up, and placed ,Y day of February next, at the'Council
it a chamber where it remained undis- Chamber, the folio-ing real improved proper-
turbed for some time : but upon unroll- y, or such part thereof as will be stiflicient to
ing the canvass it was found to be so en- -atisfy the corporation of bWashinglot City for
tirely decayed that it would not htng to i'exesdueth ereo uPargs, unless previously
gether. [his is. the more to be regret- ,d to th e subscriber.
ted as the artist had saken great pains in pin ato ed. s Lrt. Im Ta due
the composition of the picture, and as it ,eorge McFar-
celebrated an event the most imporntant in land 923 improvements 04 80
the.annalsof New-E:tgland.-Boston Int. Lewis Carberry 88t0 do 5 .0
-. inr :el Esterrtday 8,0\ do 8 80
Meteorological Curiosuty.-A few days iCha.les 3.1;ifie 1046 16 do 24 40
since all .the rivers south of the Connec. Te-,i ze'Nes- feet front & do 19 75
ticut were fast bound with ice and the .la. B. Potts 929 do 44 15
navigation impeded-at the same time .'Smal.lrood and'


the rivers in Maine were freely navigable Smiti 975 do 7 66
It is-also a fact, that cargoes of wheat' The Sale will commence at 12 o'clock, A M.
have been cient from Maine to Maryland GEORGE AiDAMS,
-this seasQ .-Cont. jan 9-ws Wrd.
fI -


o aOL TH E NATIOeNA INTELTIGENCEl..

MR. GOBBIETT.
Messrs. Gales and Seaton:
As this fugitive patriot appears dis-
posed to interumeddle in your: politics,
possiblyy with a view of getting rid of the
jaded hack he bestrides) and as hlie'has
given some symptoms of late of a wish to
abandon the attempt. to rite down the
Borough-mongers of Englaatd, and to put
in his oar in pulling your political ,bark
out of the calm.m waters of n;titrality, into
the troubled ocean of warfare, it may be
useful to expose to your readers, some
.of the former sentiments of this gentle-
man, promulgated by him upon his re-
turn -to England, after a residence of se-
veral years in this country. .I li-bsci esI-
ting upon the subject of the,state of the
refiresentatibn of the. people in England,
I -. th-. with the effects of frequent
i,, i';,,'., in a .U il-21te eendeavor to per-
shade Ihis readers of the mischievous ef-
fects of the policy adopted in tmerica.
where the elective franchise is as uni-.
yersal as even Sir Francis Burdett could
have wished it;" he then assures them.t
that the choice frequently falls on bank-
rupts, swindlers, qucks, atheists, &c. and
then proceeds as follows: '
The caused of their preposterous choice is
this: the mass of the. people of all nations are
so fond of nothling.as of power. AMen of sense
fkiodw, '.t o-.~., ., in reality, exercise no
',ovier' '. ..... .. to, their oin inji ry ;
hence it is, that in states, .where the popular
voice is unchecked by a reoyali or some o'Ihler
;.'.. i..u. i.'."', ,i.,:, that voice it, wine time; ... ,
,' ie, i. :i .' of.th e .fianing parasites,
Sh,-., in m .der t l. i ia tiik l .'I.in inti re.t aii
ambition'; profess to ri.cknoledge no amu ereign-
ty but that of the'pe. le, ..l m nio, Ilm,.n i tle.
once get into powder, rule lthe poor siaerel.i,
with a4 rod o scorpions." '
He winds up Iris argument as follows:
"nuch, Englishmen, is a description of a
legislative assembly, where "equal.representa-
tion" prevails; where almost every man has a
vote at elections ;arid where these elections do
If'u:'-I p I I;. occur. Tie animbitious" kneavs wa'ho
flt.ier In. al h lh igt, trot,,,- ,..i ,'a ri. itsi arid
.priileges %ho are erv'.rla.tmngi d,'iiimg in
.jimr ar ,ii:e bl.s..:;,l.- s tI. wih they cIll elec-
it"'- .'lincht. '?-- i. tl .id.l ,, tIme ri-imhi ',ei' af
..:ictors, bcali.i'" It. ) i ell kiini i .Lt they
t oula tiherel,\ gain an m .c.,.i ..t sirengith "ig
( '. ':: t' ." -,.-,.t1 .:.r 1...1, Pv...i p '79 :.
I shall add no reflections; but I may
again trouble you and him with some.re-
miniscences. .
MNEMOSYNE.

-. 3couNr-Ntirs. --
MY HE subscribers have. just received, by the
ILe.sc. Freemason, from Savannahi,
20 bus.hels Griird Nuts, which will be sold
on I ea inibl ctLei in'-
Also, id s.t6re,. 50 boxest smoked herring-g,
prime qualhy, 25 do fresh raisiits, rice, buck
wheat flour, &c.


jan 9-3t


N0 A ce i~' hereliy given,
-HAT ftl.- sumil'.b rib J,Jhnu Wootton r6f
.I. Mt. t, -..mer (. C.-'mm ....mid 5nm glt.., mjii OCI-
ton ilf' i im.IsC.iik tu',.mtt aha.e oh'ait-Iedfrom
the O i.,hin's Court of Mtontgomery county, in:
Maryland, letters ofadmiinistration with the will
annexed, oni tl re se.mn~ai.LstatL .c-nti-
'W-fthit'late of Montgomery county, Mary.
land, deceased.
All persons, having claims against the said es-
tate aye hereby warned to exhibit them, with
proper vouchers thereof, to the subscribers, on
orheftore the 15th day of Aug ist next, otier-
wise they may by law be excluded from all ben-
efit of the sai estate
Given under our ands this 8th day of Janua-
ry, 1818. '
I IN W.J t i r


jau 9--.w3w


SluLLTON WOOTTON,
AdtlmiiSU-ators.


'Very cheap Laud for 'male.
f tIHE. Subscriber offers for sale, at a very
-iL -nodwdrte priioe, one hufhdred anod forty
acres of Land, situate due north of .the capitol
of the United,States, aild about four miles dis-
tant. On this .land is san eminence that com-
mands a very extensive prospect of the sur-
rounding counttry. On about one third of. this
land is a thriving young growth of wood and
timer, chiefly ofchesnut, and a great propor-
tion of which is now large enough for posts. it
will be sold all together or divided, as may best
suit a purchaser, as the public road runs nearly
through 4e centre of it. It.will be shown, and
the terms onade known by the subscriber, near
the City of Washington.


jan 9--2awtf


JOHN HOLMEAD.


SNotice is hereby given,
TIHAT the subscriber hath obtained from the
O Orphan's- Coturt of Charles county letters
of administration on the estate ofRobestEdelen,
late of said county, deceased. Allipersons liav-
ing claims against .the said deceased are hereby
warned to exhibit the same to J.,lin Edelen. at
Port Tob acco, on:or before the 9tlh day of July
next, otherwise they will be deprived of all
benefit of said estate.
All persons indebted to said estate are also
requested to settle their accounts with
WALTER EDELEN, Executor,
jan9--w3living in this City'.
Jan 9-w3w

'TAKE NOTICE.
f1HE. taxes on the lands-of nun.rekiden's are
. .L now dpe. Those who own laid in the 2d
collection district in the state of Ohio, compo-
sed of the counties of Adams, Clermont, Clin-
ton, Cbs.anpaign, Delaware, Fayette, Fraiklin,
Fairlield, Green, Highlan-, Jackson, Madisen.
Pike, Pickaway, Ross, Scioto, Warren, and all
subdivisions thereof, are requested to coin,
forward by thc-iis;lves or their agents, at m
office on the corner of Mein street and Higi.
street, in the town of Chillicothe, andpay the,.
'axes, on or before the last day of next I)-
cemtber, or a penalty of 100 per cent will ac-
crue thereon. .
The rate of taxation for 1817 is the same a-
it was for 1816, viz. first rate land ) for eacii
100 acres, 2, rate land S2 25, and 3d rate land
l1 50. .
I will still, partition, lease, orredeem lands
sold for taxes, collect debts, pay taxes to the
state treasurer, or to any collector iii the stata,
on very reasonable terms.
* Purchasers gereen&ly call .d rne for infor
nation, where the owner or agent lives, wlhic;.
affords me theearliest opportunity and infer
nation.
WM. STERRET,
Gul'r. 2d ditrictOh ...
aug l1-NtOiD


COHBEN'S OFFICE,
Baltimore, Januar y ':
Surgical Insfi 0tio Lot Lt^ .
10th day's drawing.
*:?25 1606,1
01536 2455 I
*2914 2714
*J118 SI 3S. "
% 8 oprizesof 100
5675 3975"r
'*561 4345
*?7;y I 4955
I7439 J
And. 221 prizes of 50 each.

COHEN 'S'
Lottery and ELxchange ,Offce, l1OA ar-
ket Street, YBaltimore.
Where wa, sold the 50U,000 prize, the 20.
000, tl e 10,000 and two of tiu. 5,000's, all
clrawvn in the Surgical Lottery, which, with
prixss in former lotteries, amount to upwards
A MILLION OF DOLLARS!
jan.9-

W. CATCHES.
'I:E .ubucrbtr has this day received a few
I- gold aud silver watches, of various pat-
terns and constructions, which he will sell low.
;,r cash .- '.
,JACOB LEONARD,
Pennsylvaniis" avenue, W.i.sh'..gion c.ty
jn 9-et .

25 DT ilai~ Reward,
TILL be giventoaitperson who willappre-
hliendaid secureigertnat: Redemptioner.
by, the name of Fredeidei Schuman, who has
dentedd himself to nmebr a terni of years; .
Who it is believed is nov lurking in. Alexan-
dria, as he was seen yeste-day with'a coniptii-
.,r, who has this i.ii;rtin bc ,i, pii h t .i.Ide.
ie'~ asa sallow .mIlAeTi..,, inui. h I ti,.d
,',, the tn.ail poib tluk, ct .-l t, spl-
ting nmac; at thie same. -tiae, an6d is a lock
,ndd gi ismiti' by trade. is' he ilas nio mo-
ney it is probable he v..,iti. ,ize to woik
in some shop, or aimory. II,. i.,pj.tc is to get
So0 BalGirol'et _but it is not ilmnrobable that he
mav l,.-'-or the apprehension it'his conipan-
iori this morning and n.Ak.- iri,.ou.e country or
across tije ri cir 1tir.' t>,:u gelon or.the city.
tie speak Frt nich and Gerisai, but ho E1a-
gUsh; hte is anout feet 10 or. 1 inches high.
Hft- c.o'hes aire not kn.,wn, as it a aisacttaiihed
th., he c-lgpj.l- thern al. except apair tf new
velvet ji..miplo -rs, 'b.ch he prob1ehy still'has
on in A- i dil a All per- .ri, furh.d to
l arbr the a.- 'chumran inder thl eret pe-
a i s of 'he '1.-.
prI1y to me at Mtir. Clask'5, F -tret, Washi-
,ngton Uity


: Jan 1,1818


IIQBuiIU N 5r. C


100 DO LLAR.S IRE\ AHRD.
-AN s) i.v- *ie subscr.ber .living in
1-4J _Georgetown, D.-C. on the '2241iist\a mii-
.lt.o inan save, about 26 years old, c -lltd r..m.
lHe is 5 feet i0 or I1 inches high,, i. ta h, ig at
mulatto, laige boi.ed, with high cheek bo;'es,
and rather awkwardly made abidu the feet,
which are very large. Tom his been accus-
tomed to house work, can re.rJ r,. u. rite, may
very possibly have-a forged re iihc..te o1 free.
dom, and calls himself Tl,,.naJohirinsor,; he
took with him a great coatoi coarse shaggy
cloth, pantaloons of daTk olive colored thick-
set,. nearly new, and a roundhbout of grey cloth,
much worn-pretitty good hat and shoes Fifty
dollars will be paid fbr hi~ appreheinsion so that
I get h;m again, 'iT taken, 40 miles from home
o.- in the Dtr.1:t, and 100 ifibeyond the state of
Mlaryland in a north east direction, or 100 miles
from hiuO,_e. __ -- -
S-THOMAS T. GANTT.
Georgetown, dec 11-tf.

FOR SALE OR EXCHANGE,
FOR property in. or near the District of Co-

A' PLAIJVTATI.,1r,,
In a rich and floui-shing part of Kentucky, near
Louisville, on the Ohio. The :Tract, contains
.about 250 acres, Mostly strong itch Land,.30 or
40 of which are cleared, and under partial im-.,
provement, the rest 'n timber. This land is
,well calculated for the culture oftobaccohemp,
corn, wheat and flax, part ol'.it being, what is
.called bottom land, ofa deep, iusixri..'-,iad in-
exh-i., ,hle .i it, and,parit ofitu'|Ulond. There
ate on ,i tract ecab.ns, corn cribs, a smoke
hiu'se, &c. in the usual style of that part of the
country ; and within musket shot of the prin-
cipai improvement is a good mill. The whole
is centrally and advantageously situated, on
Coxe's Creek, a branch o' Salt river, (whichia
navigablee for boats) having Shepherdsville on
the north, distant ab .u. 16 miles, L.uinville on
the northwest, distant 22 -miles; 3priisgfield
and Beallsburg, on the southeast; Bairdstowh
in the soutb, distn. .12 mri.cs ; Middleburg on
tie east, distum' 8 miles; Shelbyville and 'rank-
fort (the seat of government) on the northeast,
distant from thd former 22 miles; and. Nid-
dleton on the north, distant 20 miles. The
country abounds witih salt licks
The vicinity of this plantation to Louisvillei
is a ednsideration of no small importance, as
that town is 4.vidently destined to be the great
emporium of the state The rapit advance in
the Ipr ce of property within a few years, alrea-
:.v manifests ias improvement,, prosperity ao)4
wealth. ..
For further p-mtic lars, and for tlhe terms,
which-will be liberal, .,pply by. 'letter or other-
wise, to the und-rain --d. "t the City of Wash-
ington Title indisputable. The land is now
held underr a.g-in. ral warravntie
Bureau ufsr the purch:lse and sale ,f Lands)
throughout the Uniiited States,at iashinj.g-
lon City, this 1st day of -.,sovember, 1817 )
JOS3. WATzON.

N B.-It is requ -'cdihat this advertisement
be inserted once a month in the American and
Commercial Daily Advertiser at Baltimore;
the American Daily Advertiser at Philadelpia;
and in the G. z:tte at Alexandria, and it is ex-
p ceted that all the papers containing the inser-
tions will ae-omipany the bills. J. W.
3 -mSm

GIclbt Tavern.
/r HE public are respectfully informed that
if t:e subscriber,- ha purchased, from Captain
llenry Lewis, the tavern property opposite the
IBank, in Hagirstown, now in the occupancy of
Mr. Edwards. lit order to improve this va-
luable e.tablishiment, and thereby make an
effort to redeem it from the disgrace under
which it has so lung labored, lie purposes ftr-
ther to occupy it, and conduct it himself 'forth-
w;th. Let it be sufficient for the present, to
:adl, thatt every thing within the compass iof
his resources shall be industriously employed,
to remler the accommodations in every res-
pect, unexceptionable.
0. II. IV. STULL.
N. 13. A liberal salary will be given to a first
rate BAKI-EI'EI'lt, who will a!-so receive
froinom the stace proprietors additional conipen-
-sation.
Dec. 23-Ja'. 5-wtf


v


JOHN KENNEDY. U QO..