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The Union, United States gazette, and true American for the country
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 Material Information
Title: The Union, United States gazette, and true American for the country
Alternate Title: Union
United States gazette, and true American
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Bronson & Smith
Place of Publication: Philadelphia Pa
Creation Date: August 22, 1818
Publication Date: 1818-1823
Frequency: semiweekly
regular
Edition: For the country
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Philadelphia (Pa.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Philadelphia County (Pa.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Philadelphia
Coordinates: 39.953333 x -75.17 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from Micro Photo Div., Bell & Howell Co.
Dates or Sequential Designation: New ser., v. 1, no. 1 (Mar. 11, 1818)- ; -v. 23, no. 1448 (Apr. 4, 1823).
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10089497
lccn - sn 83025943
System ID: UF00073207:00001
 Related Items
Related Items: Union, United States gazette and true American
Preceded by: True American (Philadelphia, Pa. : 1817)
Preceded by: United States' gazette for the country (Philadelphia, Pa. : 1804)
Succeeded by: United States gazette for the country (Philadelphia, Pa. : 1823 : Semiweekly)

Full Text











SUnited ttes' gazette n re merica
"; U jited States, Gazette and.,Trueo Ateica
":\, .a. ** .2 __


Ne- Series,' Vii. I. No. 48.


PtlBL I SljED,
Etunry IJ'ed,ifsday ny Satuir-day .Jlurirhmg,
a

qt.1! X 67, lini 5 ,, g, .r,r Bus'a ls, .

- 'STEAi'1 bfAT PENNSYLVANIA.
A .- 'I- 1*.v


S.VL'rTfj-.AY N LM INTlN, AN1TJG~siM 2


ciple is the war a'.ariint the Indian's
justifiable? Tiheyv dre a' lrttipd to he so-
vereign societies- owingi no allh'z.i ance to
the 72oierniiint; not subject to* an)' Uni
ted States cii il jurndirtiln; no:ver legnis-
lated for as citizprns bv- c .ngi es, not en-
-tithid to any. repreien't i.msn m d -. leegis-'
l.ature, treated with by mrn-rsi.f irnbaI a-
dours, and iot diistinigu;--iaijle Irsian any


J


vance at their escape will be the result.
179ii. T F i 6 ..1 .

S INDIAN WAR.
i -. .Did ,not the President iin his last
speech to Congress, assign as a reason,
for tie t w.ar.t then c,Lin oi, at ,]riir-;t tie
infian., that the hunters sta ie u..S .I..s-,
fjvouiraile to human- happiniss., li.in hat.it
of ciijlmzed -iaciety? And will not the
wtorill be apt to imagine, when so doubt-
fa l a mural principle as this ._isi.nadl inh
justificatiin of the war, that no other
cause existed?
2. Has the sovernmneit, t any time,
laid before cin.-re;s or the people, any
precise explari,.timn ,f the (ari.-in or p-rp-
greys of thin wti'ar Ha:s,it solicited any au-
thority to draw monnev Ifrmn the treasury
for the p'rpuses. of tile war, or afforded
any opportunity ti ,:i.,in-.r'-s tor the peo-I
ple, of expre.ssiu"n the nii.,tnal will on the
subject? or. has it any thniie, alleged any
other reason tharf murders on the fron-
tiers, whili rnlay not have been, au-
:thorizedl by the Indians; or, for which,
reparation, if diniannl'd,-. niiihit. have been
rnades. b thie.' \nd in a .%ar, carried on
a;init various' tribes for so long a space
of time, c.an aiy ,satisfactory reason be
Sassinei!,. for the absence of some public
. explanation, of the causes to which it is
o; outing ,
S. Is it not notorious, tlat tiie lands
which have been acquired by this u 'r .
are arniig thle best in this country? 11.rit
not niinieiue tracts been acquired, and
hav .not these tracts, in most instances,'
become scenes of a very wild and extra-
vagaint specIl.itioiK
4. UDoeSe not pi.,licy, as well-as humani-
ty, require that in a war, in any degree,
Unnt'lertaken to extend the bl.eneir, of ci-
4iliied sdci6eiy, the greatest moderation
and ju-stice sh6utd be observed towards
the enemy? Does not so kind atid philan-
trophick a principle forbid, at least, all
unnecesar v cruelty? Otight the hunter to
Sbe estermnirited,' or reclaimed, and civili-
Sse'd?--HIas nnt gen. Jackson 'carried on,
ti "l -'uar. with a rigour une.anii.-ld in
thi-, and'n9t exceeded in any qther coun-
trv"'-Aiid ,ies l it api.-ear that any inqui-
ry has yet been instituted into his"con-
duct?' '
5. The war-makirin, ponder, being by
the constitution excljsi-I1ly vested in
congress; on Vhat constitutional prin-


AN O, SERVER,.
For the Union.


EMAiA.1

MR. MURRAY'S GRAMMAR,
Revised and 'improved'by the Rev. Jas.
Abercrombie, D. D. Director of 'The
Philadelphia Academy;', published in
1817.
Note 1. The errors hereafter point-
ed out, may lie seen, verbatim, int both
grammars, except as otherwise mienti.n-
ed. Corrections are noted in [bnrckets8.]
2. The first number against a page, re-
fers to the original gramnrar' the secondd,
to the improved edition.
S.. A dash in 'a quotation, denotes
ie omission of a word or words, itiichi
aftect not the sentence that is quoted.
.4. Sentences quoted in both grammars
are, in these renarlk, distinguished ^by
single commas, '-.'
P. 67-61. "Perhaps the wordsfoi-mer
and hitter may be properly (perhaps im-n
properly!) ranked among the demonstra-
tive pronouns, especially in.many oftheir
applications." How is a pupil to know,
in how many, and in what instances, the
words former and latter, are to be called
demonstrative pronouns? Here is more
proof, that grammnariams after lohg and Ia-
borious deliberation, are utterly incompe-
tent.to distiriauish the, parts of speech!l
esp ecially ,i' tIh:- words foriMer *'i"nd i.i ,..
After treating of varioussother words,
not knowing 'what parts of speech they
are! the author observes:
P. 68-62. "We have en-iidsavoured,
(and, he might have said. laboured inces-'
san'tly, for days, and nights,' and months,.
and years!.) to -li'tiiiuh...l. and explain
the nature of the adjective pronouns; but
(how. distressing the thought is!) it is dif-
ficult to divide them in an exact and un-
exceptionable manner"!
11Here follows a long list of sterns, the
.only use of which, is to apologize for a.
total incapacity to divide, class, and comn-
preherid the uses of, the a Ilj i'ct i a. pro-.
nouns,viz. "Somne of th,:rn iin in aii:il.-ir
applications, might have Ler ./'n i rn,' ti/
classefl:'! "but it is pri-'iiinn ie."! --n '.;--
neral'"! "tole-rqbly c,,rre,:t"! 'inm a ',in--
-ral view"! "general term"! "1mrore or less
ea.ctiv"! "in a manner peculiar to it-
lf '! "'a division adapted to this cir-


____~


.,n.- ,srs. tnauers' other fIoreiin s.tnerei1ns in regard to their.
It can no longer be said (with truth) rinits as such, esxept, perhaps, that the
that thie Americans are decient in me- European statcescainnorn-t oifed,:r'ae with,
chiani.cal zen;is. The steam beat Penn. or protect them? It they ..-re nt ul.ject
on e Deawae e h- I to us, is not any inas.iun of it thi.r len ri-
sylnia., n the Delaware rier, irnih- .toy. an act of war: It was so c. :sidenrdl
es us with one amiionu a thousands strong during tihe t Va-hiniitonto administration,
proois, of the exertion of that. peculiar i asthe ,snly,Indian war ilich o.ccuried u-
grade of talent which is requisite to the I r;rng that period o asa,thuiz ie..l by act of
icsirJi'.res. and so ar was tlue -,' rrnl;ii.iA
pe-fection of the mechanic arts. In the con-er Caiin t the Indian (,,m bi n.
construction of this boat.;it appears that j concei.,'-1 to belong ITo tile pres-,iehni. that
tlie main object has been to unite ill the thle exe't s.e of the poat,r i ee:i under tlhe
advantages of accommnod.atiin and-swif.- act ot ~tn;ress, iwas 'eintl tie ,,jecled to.
ihess. to travellers. In point of accom- n6. Has ha e oP. re,.s en, d tnle-l 5r a to hir.
can, or hate c nrstie tlir.dts. I o him.,
nimoda'tion, nothing.t re couid be required the power of c llin. foith the n.ilhtia, onr
than we hlee tinl,andl her eilucict ik. un ri irn,. the niilitar y iS..e nif tli? ( Ui teddy
queatiournably, greater Ihan any otliei borit .-tates in time -ift l.,aco, e.cep.t in uine
on tie rive. Her cabins are po,:iu. '., s'v e th i in thw c. institution, vi-7.
r crp t ts i.ui e r s. e thie l.nws n.h tie Iitinis sup-
ard .ornarnentedJ in a inas.t eeLp ant style. t,- ., i,,,, lectial re!-,el ,rn. i.ins U; and
The plan was judiciouiily selected, uand is. eitlin '.-I tli'se cJ-eis .,piria le to tlhe
hasbeen happily e eLi;ei. I'Ir \ilichi iha- hPleen so long carried on
The order which is continually oh;er- -',i at e lrdl s?
7 .* rJfSpni,,h.4 Li Pre1ISi l0rnf to l ka
-ved on-hl',a'-I tihm .l'at. L.l.t-.r-l ,ip pi. .iA.i.- -i-' i-: ie t -
oc apta'.n Bn. \B',so% and his proimnirt at- nri.ir. who art ni ;l. i n our territory, doeB
tention to passenpeis. are circumintawie it tofilliw. that lie h:s siuc power within
which warrant this rcompl nent, andi ren.di to tiho;e' InriJn natns, lwho are
within lthlie territorv or par"i Can the
which mnust gie this boat a decided P' .idert rineke war uponi tie Mexican
ferelnce. "1- 67i" nln i without lie ant-tion of alln act of
A FOREIGN PASiENGER. conr2Irecs, [; n;it. h0,s', has he pi.t.er to
Pi'il.adelphi-l Ai It. l '1,ld. i ake "a-.1r sul,,n th,: Indians of Florida?
S I'li treaty n iIh Spa.in, bindimsn hler tto re-
ron t t 'h ios Rrt Ci0N]' li'r hInli i -;.,e nu.t at all affect
MAessrs. Brousit od S"' Smii. 'h, the (:n.]st.iti.n.iiA question The Presi-
41n your paper of i1ondae inorrniiiC ,l,,t. it is .... k l.. l.Ied. cannot resent
last, under the title of Mail obbei lithe bre-.ach of treaty, by an act of war
laAt, under the title oif Mail tRobbeirs, a. i st SpalriHow then, is he authoni-
a ,.;n Span? 'How then, is he au.thori-
ihere is an extract made from tihe Balti- zed to do so, by an act of %war against the
more Gazette. ,lorida I[ndians? Are these indians ex-
The fact is. (if my information be cor- .clu1shls under the protection of Spain?
re't that tihePresident of ,the United If so, an act of war against them, is an act
c .of war'against Spain. If not under the
States cannot sign their death warsnts protection of Spain, are they not inde-
mithnout abindioning his former jacobinfi- pen-leit, moerin n .i IsSti_, tit hinrim the
cal notion, siz that thlie Common .Law is c'institutonal principle, is distinctly ap-
Dot operaiiei iln thle (Couts of tihe United plrcable?
S- S. WVi.itever niaY be the relation ol
States; than wuhch iio prrpnrqitinn more the Indians to Si.-in. c.iin tle President
absurd or more strenti.isly ir-i-teild upi innJer any circa nit.itnce-.. is e ithe nailita-
6t,.was ever urged by the defoucraltck ry force of lthe U.niete.i Ssit.,. in time of
L'arty.. fivpeac-.. In. vond our tu'ri it,, iad limits? A.s
- ihe defelnantitS up n trial -tund 1ni ,' ifi-. ,in the c. niiutiunti are purely
nrrd tine p'oii.',rrnr in thle law of Congress civil, .,nl r n,.,-'-.arilyterritorial? As com-
is silent in a cse of that SA iid: and unless mander inichief, his powers cannot exist
the trial Las been conducted upon Corn- except in time of war.
9. If the war-making' power against
.most LutV principles, tue conviction can- the Indians, stands upon the same foot-
not be sustained under those ofa s-tfatitary ing with the war-making power against,
atre. Spain, has not the President, oy the sur-
The Presidcr nt is placed in an awkward tender of Florida to tie Spanish govern-
ment, admitted that he has violated the
dilernma. and in all probability the conni- constitution? '


Si


Y------------. ~-. ~" .. ~. I--


cumnstaice"! appearsas '!"to be suitable"!
"to the inattu'e'"!-"6 thing~s. (Whlat
things?) -and ,thel uinderstarndin," (the
perple.iry) "of lea.rners"! Did any man
ever read, o/r hear, -"f sWch a-jumble of'
nonsense! Whty did nuQtii lhnr say,
-of .1.Ls adjctar- prno'ri;.ar he' said *o
another classic words, p. 1-YI106, 'Inri
short, nisthing but thie sense can deter-
mine u hat thr-v are.'!
Is not this, sudtcient proof, beyond fill
doubt, that'the' auithn)r wal unable to de-
scrihe the parts -of ipeeclh. and the -olp-
plication" of the words ol' which he treat-
ed?
P. i11i---1',7. The author considers a
plirase of s eeral words, as one.conmpou nd
aditc b: thus, t.he phrase "by no ineans,a
is al anil er1,! ihe, in n act, therein. not an
ai &er in it. But this contrivance is ex-
cellent, for those who cainnt distinguish
th(lie parts nf speech!
P. 125-110. In an.explanation of'
some of the prepositions2.he author sa',s;
In relates to time, place, tihe state or
manner ot being or acting., &.c. as, 'He
was born in-that is. during-the year
172)0." Strip the surperfluous words irom
the abiwe sentence, and -it stands this:
"He was born during, thie year. 1720."
One of the Nara~iRniet trib of Indians.
report says, being ask-ed \tere lie \%as
born, answered, tl.ub:
"1I was born adl htin/.' Groton shore.''
J.La.xt~ejt h(.,i rnite.)
--" -rd-W iri meanAeve-.
ry momnient t i. alL-.-.i ,
tinned; as, John lived wvith his uncle diu-
ing tihe year 1720; viz; a/l tie time ft
that year-and as thie words all alnuif. in
the Indian's answer, mean etery inch.
tiz. the whole extent of that I ru'e. it i-
desirable to know wliihi wi a c the nimut ri-
dicu!nus. t(lie birth of tine auithlir',s an.
which,. from beginning lW end. lasted
I a tlwhole year; or that o the Indi.,n.iu h,,i e
.ix--* at Iis birth, oterei d the iw ,ite shore
of Groton!
P. 1P-14-l-24. Two or mnsore nouiin, &c.
in the singular number, joiined--bya co-
pulative con.junction--must have verbs-
agreeing with them in the plurial-as "So-
,crates and Plato e.-ie wise.'" ,
To show a.violation of 'ile above' rule,
the author insertsqan erroneous sentence
thus: 'Their love, and their hatred, and
their envy, is now perished.' which lie
endeavours to correct, thus, -are perish-
ed.'
If two animals should be found frozen
to death; children and others, having no
knouw.led;ge of gramnmdl, would say, cor-
rectlv: "'The-se animals nhai'e perished-"
They 3never.,would tkilik of saavina- "These
.t n .t' n .... \. I 1" I J tr- '-PIif ) riiey are mi s-
taught by the erroneous rules and exam-
ples in printed grammtnars!
To show the erroneous c instruction of
ariother sentence, which Dir. Lowth and
others had maintained as being correct,
the author quotes) under the same rule,
the followin.gf- viz:
P. 144-125. "r and and salt, and a
mass of iron, is easier to bear than a man'
without understanding.' The sentence,
the author means, should be corrected,
according to the aboi'e rule ,thus: "Sand,
and salt, and a inass of ir'in, are easier
to bear, than a man wti'tloi''understanid-
ing." .. '
To the singular verb, is, above, the au-
thor subjoins his disapprobation, in words
which show, that he knew- not the tise of.
tite word, besides-thus: "But besides the
confusion and -latitude. of application,
which such. a construction would intro-
duce, it appears to be more proper,." &c.
,The word, besides, was nischosen, it has
no business in the sentence; it states par-
ticulars on dagS side, and Ieaves 'nothing
expressed or unridert(I>Ond On tle otiin
The words confusion and a/iitauii, 'Which
should have been placed in the nniuirn:ri-
tive, are, csinfueillav, pila.ed in the ob-
jective case: also _.L.ine verb.attended by ,
its proper adjunctn' is iv.ainted-'I'lte s--i
tence might Isa e been ilsu.: [IBut becn.'u.,
the confusion and latituid,. ul ajili',itiiin,
which such a construction would i.ntro-
duce, would contrav'ene' the first prihciis
ples of .gramntar] "it apupnri -to be more
proper and antalogical! in cases where the
verb is intended to be applied to any one
of the terms, to. make use of the (his)
'Drs-junctive coN-j.iiicti'n (asL the author
calls it, his wht/ih.i black bin d., tit canicon-
sent, and DIs-sent, in'o nd 4nd the'saine
nod! that. can cN-.j inland onisjoin the
,same things, itl the saine instantly) which
.ianirnmatic.aliv reler. the verb (nonsense)
to ri onr .ithieri of thle piecediing terms in
separate view."
Now, according to the diri'ect;ons re-
specting the Dtis-jn.ictive oo0-juriction,
the sentence concerning sand and salt,
having appeared in two shapes, may ap-
pear again, in a third: thus, sand, or salt,
or a mass of iron, is easier to biar tia.na
man without tundt rstltandin'." lion ever
strange it may be, the sentence, in nreitrq
shape in which it appear'., is ,ri','iieon.s!
Further; let not thie tn utih ,nilel-No au-
thor, no reviser, of any prinite'd grammar,.
can, by his own, ur i.thier printed rule-.,
taking the sentence, in which shape lie
pleases, parse it, or explain its mysteris
outs construitioni!
Page 150-129. The ;iuthlir states, that
"The pronouns wliichboever1 whosoever,
anrd the like a e cle.~anil iy divided by the
interposition of the corresponding sub-
stantives: thus, 'On i/',i.-/'hi n'er side the
king cast lis eyes?' wouiil haIe sounded


I


bet :r if wi;tt.eri (

It may [,e iph-er

n t be '**.iviile.rl" D1
tv/h, maria suJt'CiL O0
be uab.irunl. .
P. 1 .5- 1-11. -cA.\
iti the plurial num le
ray) ft.-t, (A,..rce.
ci.te u itll, a simin.-,l
sire. your attenrti.in
Mark, reader, the
the foIllowing renma
applies ratherto t lhi
natuie, than to this
al"!
To the above, th
."I[t foris an excc
rule" i-. s l:.ijoined
mar-Its o-.,ni-on i
;mar. tfo m;s one ol it
In .yterl'ii~nis as. t-- clat
ed. If gramrinia-ri
distingruisi all the' s
certain the it ur.ber
find that the carpom
more inumiieroni.. t
.they u-ill thi i also,
your, and their, wi
in one sense or ani
galh/r noun, of c ter
P. I5-1-141. "A.
adjective, is reck'ion
-wordj w4enca tlhey
adjective.andi .nrneV
%ery learned. jd'.: i
It appear-s now, that
licks.of tihe above fl'
bI tlhi- autiio are
i ird's! lie dni.i't
tlli, herIr o., o'i usIi
arts of Speei.:I! iUt
ous--ie uiell !.1ed
inl-lnces, lihe ,o',.
p.rts of 'peeclh! iei
believed, that all rt.a
labnoured under tlHe
knew lurthe lh.tt
obtain but a himute
JOii'e prosiionh ais
the exposure of the i
,provision i as thre
mninate, one cluster
pound word!" anot
qutuid, aii adverb!
p.-age. ~5-171, a'
Another way in wbi
e\pnsinmn3 the ignora
ciailly, uhenr tli.y-ca
speech; is to fly fro
stitulinr, other wor(
thol-.s Which. nelthi
pa re :'mtrtn-u-rn -
while (a compound
see you, i.e. short
their while (a comp
deserves their time
The above contri
samples not to parse
thousand sentences
speech, that teacher
It would be "more
cal"! tointroduce i
two important p.arti
1. A new part i'I
by tlfis very -ig-ifi,.
unknowrn part:" to,
Steadily refer a-il ;%r
speech are unknown
2. An old rule of
and rendered obsoT
did not conceal the
er-s, viz.
"Many sentences
rules can explain."
with the greatest i
sentences, whose rmy
they never can cooi
P, 179, of the .,
stead uof 'I reriiember-

,.',r;',. i the fI.,aid

aitr; -"Iii. rie m of 'I
.'... :/eaOrs;' it should
i.i Sil him' &c the
alZ.ld id,' : nii is one
provements.
Both .sentences,
being. correct, viz,
tIe family' or 'him,'
( r.i.iunii ain iis, cit
dern times, never di
sent or future, times
stand, accurately, tl
sions, viz. in Englis
ed, &c, in Latin,
Greek, n,'in iir.ii.,
son shall hace given
information on tie s
IThave found a pin.
years;' or 'these rma
case, gramnmarians v
ring absurdity, with
account for the crtu
that absurdity! and,
gross impropriety,
immediately under
lowing complaint, vi
give particular rules
, of the moods and ten
this is-his apology fo
ancestors! The abuv
ing "the moods and
ger anp ciuse of ex
aand piar tii'pl.-, in al
uses..are, as distinctly
any other part of sp
Itis not said. that thI
of these words can b
a time as that of
speech: but certain


e acquired in, as short sure.to the ingenious student, and ea)pand
some other, paris of his ,-w .,.'* the mportarrce of his'gratnu
y, itcun b6 acquired xi, tical stuli'" ...i.i.'. The word a.i.t


n for the -Iftry,



) iew'/hcl i side soee.r.' in [. '.,.ir, .:I: ._ by fiv 'intl llitent
I.-anI. ] ;i iI, t : ,- .. nr' ri t. 1, e tar i. i- htl
wed that the 1i%."' Ill- kim l i r .. I b- be
-r-nnod I'.':-&e., C.IHn- c riate., ., ;; :. t n' .. crck iiaker.,o'ftl.
,-. \ '. l) '.)5i' -j. \h i'.S and ,:i p.s i, s f at click. hitj,
.: ... n n..: e e ultd w ,i na.il.l .i, i 1i ij oi n h, idi ::- .- s
":.' -- -. t. ldi tr tih, r ; '-. .1 tr "''ihecii '
.n adijective t ro;n;yu n. it 1., that i.r-,ri g rannianian~ s
r % ill 4;.i ,i 'f i 1 ill]- 11. ,- I .. c-i.: i tain tyi as rn .-
,flihis') pl sp r l s ..- ... tllc.niitI,'a ,, .., r t.i .rI..,ll .IS 3 dIl b'e
iar riiii;n: iai. -0qn i,. th. r I I,. th ;: ,,.'" ,. .
, tI.'i' i i 1ni1tion." .i., '-' --, 1-i. -- : !t: ..rj iInct!ons. or
i lpt oiiu4 d vti l ul I aI.-! i...- rn i l C 1. l ii ..,?l ,;rhi nearly -
rk. "-Tliis alf.,ss ciiati n ..-q i.l ,i [ ,,i l .-.'. I 'S.: kinti holiq chia-
ng;s s 't an t it' h lll ,i r'n.ter ,J-t ini .u i :;.-rily i.oLIru. i;nor
ie \0&hi,4 are ci-rpure- depisi 5e,stentld tr., I.' mriasurc.' Irn
this l s ll i CIL *' iS .,uld .'l/. P','. ihab e bheer
;e foll'Ia ;u1 sehit,.ii e.t Ijbe te '" it, i-'.'i/pi ,,i _,l ) N ,,'Iw it aip-
ptnn tin t e .,.,e -r.il p', ir, thli, n.i mi r11 ca.n know. hb, either'
in iihe anthrr"-, gram- *1" tihe-e .2ri. na-Lmu lh. tu express the
i the ,re i.-,er', .nii- ietite ce aul-hoj t quj.teid L because % iltl ei-
t imnir.)tmernts. Thi;sl tinr or. II- in,'. L 1.. orroneoui. [The
ion s ihuibl be ix;rl .- ki,. %I, h Il. s- i',i"rra':t,:,r ,ias .,i: her suffi-.
111 %ill nndeitatke to cirurly vi'el rrms. ior deo ie:isiie. rsbsentel
',rts ,." nofnn., and ias- to the riea ,inr.] The ? ,ird, ssjffjiehtily,
ol each sort, they will is 'hialeri-t., -'ii 1.oii i: ,eisie ; "thus ['ior
real nioun are astai, sa, ..'eatl, tiec;-, e.
hlin the irtelle ctu.il: IOr 'lirn -. : In. in his esav nn gram-
that the word&, i..'ar. nma'. p. r6. "It ,s at least I.ruliable, that
ll properly ae;.oLiate nro di-t.i i-it.,in. tia~j' r;illfq ,nsipute can
other \, ithi i' ,sin- everre bn- r'lne. ''ie 'pu i .t peech. ohich
p ,so1'r.. .,hall he lfiiillv free from atl objection."'
t ubt-_stanti e with it- TisI ca ise of c.inrplaint-i a cgieat erief.
led a ',ic c.,inIorii nd Ti o g inniarini.'n tlsi.iih i-% ii. e een
f iitaii tul riu.-iuther wil in o.4u cLkJ lei.Le. It. And in p. 6u.
ri.T _l a l I'' *lr, I b.., i
.-r T O n : a be reduced, or eul.ar..ed, at pleaiure;.and
.f, g .ii,'d i r.l a o.' t" ie rules ol s.vn a'i;d, ida be acioiintinl a-
t tihe ten v.tords. in ira- tedl tuo .ucli neai jriaurieno..irt."
'io rteen 'norlt i .ntd ,, u'/- iS.. I 'tT ml ,' .." contiN ue.
bit thleei7 ,ii[ i l Doct,. t Vilson.-- ,*ino is t litibCnuli. in prac-
tell ti lih ria.,,n ii i circe. It li i ri. .ii, sii. iit -i,'ion iii-ian-
inn, hle ,,f tl]1 :-tent ,: ,- ti' .',r'. u' V i...-, '.'n-, ai ld ,:a,.jiiiic-
it i lit r'.-..on I .. !i I i lii." l i-t >l,, ...- I', ul i true,
, H .tt ,ni in mt.i ,0 l '2 w ,I ,l I k beer .l -. t le. i t \ ritllei
J Ilt l'.i.it -;i" '. tiit Iis lls.', [ T ni i t,in:csL' a I lie p.rti, if
.11 .. ki c s l'u r i .' .'. t 1". l | .i-h ..,j ',, I in rlti i ,liSpe. it ;- sup-
]lh.:-rS, |lth:a -...,r-_, ,I Irn -t. ..* -,d a ,, h i. le I ,e rt e-r'ai nari-
. .inae ni ina ilt He uni-S. ar.. -iu I, I riin laiir thie rD oc
iI- ;, al ini n onilii t..r qu, ti-.: tl.., in iqrl ibis. scil. /par-
di ci-i:culati.n. unless lha. .i i rif. tia- tir e-t inoiii nritdintia
ni '!,. ito) ,.tir'I a;.ai sirt r n'radimai rcuni. tit ,ih/i. certi rn .iis all-
,iijr,.rnc oi ist... 1: h c i,,tua.-t ,:It ,,.r .tiftt,-re.' T he Engliish
ti; e Inade, to deno- fi i, ;:. i ,n .i t is the inrion..tan-
.of words, a "comn- v Oilf *-.r.insnu.riau-., thnat Iithert, they'
her cluster, as before li.ite arMt0 le.I1 id iiu- .;f,.' nofc.- ItaJint'. e-
.,i.ot:e quoted romi slpec in Tile pirtip..' p:ecl." i -rranim.ii-
conjunction, &G. &c. a' ..i. ,i mi e e rIu-i,..e .1 i- la ze: ". lihe
ch inh .:i r,:.'i! .s .iI, iiiiiie w of the i l,.ii ts l -. 0 ii:.li tli n tlh.ey
nce t tL'.,:ti'r .'p[it.- c n lhe u s jiesi i l plr.iansl,'. b,'lIn.rjn', to
nnr.)t tel. the.parts of 'ol.ir n i teln: ior the ii-mber 4'f ci-liours
m the sentence! sub- elonir.'in; tr ti e ai:tl... : ,s .Il. until tliey
d i, i l the p1i'ice of a;n .,.- ,aiii tie *,..c'.: siunlier if 1,
hr ilhe ror tl v c,'COi ,l rt i... I V- ... li. ,j, .. i ', lijs.,F i -A
word) and. I shall not also the rules for theco'nstructioni of sen-
time.'" "It is worth tehnces; (a Ittle more k, .... le.i-e of eiy-
onnd adverb!) i. e. it mology, wou!d be ag'- eat help to liem)
and pains.' they never can, write-and parsP, a sinir,le
ivances serve, as ex- page, correctly! because, in 'parstii they
b'ut to PAss. over, a must be able to.assert all necessary parti-
ctntaininik parts- of culars, and account fur the reason of eve-
's cannot distinguish. rv assertion. When they"can do, so,
proper and analogi- then the ,rnplaints., nmij'e hi' Sanctius,
into these grammars one of" tle !i-u,.t aiiinaiarliai, andU b
il.i's. the D ictr'Ir a ahbo'; irlite'I. ,t Ill, i. l on-
i,.,--'i. 'to be known ger, have a,,'u c-t ,i x i.tcrice! and.
.int iS imd, viz. "The thp'n g'nr:ainmarians, and others, \till filid
which te:ichers coud4 ir -.i;i r to write correctly than ctr',e-
nrds,i 'whose parts of ouslTy.
Z. P. 205--171. The particle, as, i-hin ;t
syntax.' repudiated .is connected with the pronoun such, has
ete, merely because it the force of a relative, pronouai: as, 'Let
ignorance of[.tea<,h- such as presum'ie to advise other, lobok
well to their ownl conduct,' .thl:i .iu-
there be, which no valent to .Let therit who presume,' &c.
To which they could, But wihet used by it.:-.f, this particle is
facility, refer whole 'to be' considered as a conjunction, .or
vsterious construction jperliaps as an nd'Verb"--','trritv. I But
preierd. ,. Doctor A .1,,ii -. the sentence, by l.L. -
g.r- grammar. ;"In- ing out the words, orperhaps as an ad-
the family more ", Iri i.;"' il- I rin. frti. i ,' is used ~y
I .il 1, be, I l.- 'eS r.' ..' i i ,n -. to screen them frinh thb
S minor ti ain t S:u i L, .h ,i I..,;. ...,i :.S where'they khow
the reviser's grati- n(it the pai i -I..-eeh of th.e. ui .. ..
renemiber him the e which they :.i i'cles; thl.s, =i, -..
[d be, "I have rneine- tthor,;.hy thie terms particle ad 'perhaps,.
se btany vears'. The .1., Mio.s l. .-, m st expli'citlv. his igoIr- x
of th 'reIviser's im- ance ofl' the part of speech of the word'
as. But the reviser, by abr;l.-it .t the ..tY -
blw,,u-t forward, as tence, will have. it.'ihen ,; iki f-'
'1 have remembered ti be, ctlsiilered .as a conjunction abso-
&c. 'are erroneous. Iutely. Well; in the.pr'eceding sentence,
her of ancient or no- it is used by itself, in both gramnmars-
d, and those, of pre- and what within what does it couple? But
, never will,. under- perhaps it will be said as it is placn4
he following expres- among tlhe disjunctive conjunctions in p'
shi 1fhave rememinber- 1.26-111. that it disjoins or separate's
memini, &c. 'ind in -..i... i,;,..;i fi-m 'ni ':i..-liii,..: if so, y"hat
&c. until some per-- are the things that'are di-',.inel? Unless
them a single itemof ,an answer tan be given, alternately, the
object, Shiould I say; assertion, that it is a c-riinc iisi,S will he
; 'mi rei than twenty .doubted; a hundred iiit... cl.i'i,,ii,. it"
ry years;' in either to Ie i conjuirrction, 1,,,' s.1t n,,li,,s..
vould perceive a gla- It results, that the word, as, accord-
out lif.;,s able to ac- isng to the author, may be, as occasion may'
se, ii 1..: reason *rf require, three parts of speech, v iz. a pro-
as if' sensible of sime nooni, a conjunction, and an adverb! ac-
the author subjoins, cording to the reviser, two parts, viz. a
his sentence, the fol- pronobn, and a conjunction. Now it ap-
z. "It is not easy to pearls, that no man fromn all that the two
'fTorthe mnanicge menit gratnmmar'ianrs say on the subject, can tell
ses of verbs. &c. and what it is -and, that tins chantick trea-
Fr himself and all his tise, aind mriny others, throughout these
e complaint, respect- gramnrars, are inserted "to Hivite the
tehs'es" has no Ion- in_'emuirts student (p. 4--iv.) to inquiry
existence. The verbs and .rfledciin. anrid to prompt toa more
I their grammatical eiitlar'.ed, cri.icl.i, ard phri/osophical re-
ly tinderstood, as is search!" into this '- ..-. ,.'al mass of
eech in the language, error anid tl'Hu*lens!'r.r"a subject (p. 138
e accurate k, so i.1 .. ll1) which will, doubtless, give plea-









. all itsmatical gramuses, is, without one
exception, an adverb, subject to different
divisions: what authors say on this, and
other point of grammar, is nothing to the
purpose, until they produce a T'EST to
support their assertions. When the
v-eight of an ox was determined by opi-
nions; the invention of wveiglitst&c. re-
jdcted those opinions, as usele-s! Iin like
rnanner;,a grainn.itical I-st will diisipate
the false logick, the .iphilh-.nphical'" deln-
sipn! and erroneous opinions, which -a
bound in printed granmmars, and else-
where! The word them in the sentence,
'I1et them who presume,' &c.- is-another
blunder, which thle author has ,anctiored,
is uorthlY of imitation! but this is to he.
Expected throughout his work, fioni the
apology in his own words on this subject
p. 150-129. viz.. "It is'not-always easy
to say, whether a personal pronoun, or a
demonstrative is preferable in certain
constructions. 'We are not unacquainted
with the valumny of them-or those-
-who openly make use of the warmestex-
pressions' "1!
When an author acknowledges his own
ignorance, it can be no offence to take
him ia earnest. -
JONATHAN GROUT.
To be concluded.

FOR. THE UNION.
1esrss. Arono n Si itlth,
An absence of some days from the city,
ilst be -my apology for not sooner noticing
thAe angry, reply of 'Mobile' to my communica-
tign relative to the Alabama territory.
[\lti,. ugh yn-ir cirtrespondent admits that
he lands hb\e be it sold to monopolists and
speculators, yet lie thinks proper to get into a
violent passion, because an anonymous writer
should dare to make the assertion. He denies
'"tie r, ,' u,t! "I o ':.'-i '.-ai)n taindJ capability of
''d,' ew" oa r anot'% hm he i ccl ares i,;''.: .T
.iora ce. My ot.yIct in devoi, ii. a parr of
my time to Hie roliderrato iu f the Alabana, is
-- rem-e the fli impeshiu m-te upon the
enter into per..uial c.n riroi i's with ih i6.
th t du i.'- i sp cic" ot .jr .nil, il, u-. "
asrin I h.ve t..r uitin seen prainiied upon
others, ever ,to desire any nearer'connexion to
subsist between myself and 'Mobile-. The
public will judge with what degree ofjustice
lie complains, who first appeared in print under
false colours, and no doubt they will also give
him due cre4itfor his great penetration in de-
tecting the .total ignorance of all those who
write under a.'....,,,i .eu 'moit e:-;.
There is on. piagri-hin it. I 'essay, froip
the consideration of which, some benefit may
:be drawn, and I therefore pass on to that, with-
outt making any further reply to those invec-
tives levelled at myself
After referring to the bonks of the landof-
fice to prove the immense amount of the sales
"ficted by government, and. the prices at
w'hic 1 those sales were made, 'Mobile' exult-
ingly inquires whether "the purchasers would.
not have ascertained the quality of the soil?"-
In reply to this inquiry, it might be sufficient
-to refer both your correspondent and the pub-
lick to the experience of many living witnesses-
.for evidence of the effect produced by the land
speculatirgv mania-and particularly to inquire
whether all judgment, sense, and reason, are
not completely banished when the feverish at its
heig.hth. Unfortunately for 'Mobile' and his
pluns, there are too many families in this city,
who have suffered all the horrours of poverty,
produced by-speculations in Pennsylvania
-gain decoyed into similar follies on the banks'
of the Tombigbee river. To such as recollect
the events of those days, I need only remark,
that the mania was then confined almost exclu-
sively to men of wealth, and the effects were
not so sensibly felt by the poorer classes of so.
ciety, as they would be in tihe present instance,
Wherein persons-of every description would be
included in the ruin occasioned by the burst-
ing of the .llabama bubble. In that territory, at
-present, no blacksmith blows his bellows; no
hatter heats his irons; no lawyer draws a de-
claration; no doctor physics his patient, with-
out calculating in his own mind the number of
acres which his labour -will procure at the next
public sale of government land. This sort of
feeling amounts to a distemper, which I fear,
will prove fatal to'those who at present labour
.under it.
There were many circumstances connected
with the sale of lands in the Alabama territory,
which tended to make them produce a price
far beyond their real value..
The government having heretofore establish.
.ed offices in its territories, at which, the pub-
lick lands could be purchased at two dollars
per acre, and no moe. Many men realized im-
niense fortunes in Ohio, Tennessee, and other
territories, by a judicious selection of land; this
being well ascertained, had created a thirst in
r.i,, others who wished to make money by the
same easy probess, anda Were determined to
avail [h.nselves of the first opportunity af do-
ifig so. In the sale-of Alabama lands, the go-
vernment adopted a new course, and offered
their property at public auction, not because
the soil was better, but because they had crea-
teda public debt, (well known by the name of
:Yazoo stock) receivable in payment for these
,ery lands, and congress had foreseen that
those who held tlhe stock would avail them-
selves of the opportunity thus offered of get-
ting rid of it. This stock had, in many-in-
stances, been sold by the original holders at
-from.one fourth to one half its nominal value,
to those Who intended making purchases; anti
Sthus was created a necessity to buy lands in a
species of persons, who had already shown a
speculative disposition, by meddling with the
stock. If any man will transport himself in
-imagination, to a public sale, at which fifty
*persons thus situated are present,,he may con-
,ceive the avidity with which bids are made,
and the fear which is visible in the countenan-
.ces of many of the'company, least they should
be compelled to keep their stock until the suc-
eeding sale day.
Another inducement for liberal bidding,
which operated upon those who attended the
-sales, was the terms upon which the lands were
offered for sale, and the opportunity afforded
for violating.the spirit and meaning of the act
.f .:... ..i-s.. without infringing upon the strict
1 ir.:ei 'I ,~ Iw.i As this. subject is fully ex.
plained in a letter now betfore- me, .1 ill .giVe
you the words of my corre'i,-ondent. -
z r- Act. ,
"'afore f speak -of any sitnlAtions south of
Tennessee river, permit me to sugest to you a
few ideas relative to the saa already made by
government of its land north of that rit r, the.
immense nominal amount of which, has been


blazoned forth in Roman -eapitals, by all the
,pubhlick Journals of the Union. VT ie same re-
marks I shall make to you, I frequently took
the liberty of making to the inhabitantsof that
country, and their justice has often beeisadmit.
ted, although with reluctance.
"Land in the vicinity of Nashville (ToN.)
which is situated only ninety miles north' of
Ihultsville, was ten years ago, devoted almost
gxcihisivcly to the cua-ivstiwui of cotton, ind its


product of tlikt article Was equal both i qu min ,
tity and quality to any now raised in thesouth-
ern states; from some cause, which I leave
philosophers to determine, the same land fi'-
several years past, has been found altogether to
fail in its cotton crops, insomuch thatnomore
is now attempted tobe raised than 'is sufficient
for home consumption. tt is admitted, tha
this rir olti.-'n in ihe ugri.-ulturil products of
the country, is not owing to any defect in the
quality of tihe soil, which is supori.,ur to that
farthler south, b.iv. i *upped t i,. ar;,. fr-im the
climate's liavin: boe-,.c colder, and not so con
genial to tlheicultiv iion of cOtt-.jii. It this
should be the I,,cI,. 'onI il a-k, a-.s I h 1. fre-
quently done, it ;h hlt l ts-tv y c.n ime planters
of the Alabama territory, north of Tennessee

river, ilcuit, i upn a cuntnriuance of those
crops' I -:1 it.ikcil l c.imp tent 'L, an.i.er th
inqjw ),a, n l'. .-rcr t'.,'L Nc pl\ \% 1'l "U11 .l1t1 i,
1 Ie aliced) Tmalaimed ateurc i'-d that
blows, and are kept in a constant state of agita-
tion iand alarm, from the hour their seed is in
th"a ground, until their crop are collected into-
their cotton gins;; and those among them who
possess a moderate share of candor, will ad-
mit their belief, that ere long, Indian corn must
take the place of cotton as the- staple of their
country.- Among those who will make trheA,-.
adoissions, are many who have purchased
landaat thirty and forty dollars pert acre;, and
by paying twenty-five per cent .of the amount
obtained, a credit of five years on the balance,
with the privilege at the expiration. of that
time, of forfeiting the land. Thi is considered
a good bargain for the purchaser, as it amounts
to an amnnal rent of only fivp per cent. upon
the purchase money, and they hope that the
cotton crops will not fail before that time ex-
pires.. Indeed, I have heard some men with el-
frontery enough to ground their calculations
upon an application to congress for, an exten-.
sion of time upon the money due, and thereby
obtain three-years more, which will make eight
-years use of the land for one fourth of its no-
minal value. You may 'depend upon it, my dear
sir, that the real value of an acre of land in the
section of country I am now speaking of, can-
not be ascertained. It all bears a nominal or
fictitious value, and the government'may rest
assured, that but a very small proportion of
their land which has been selling at high pri-
ces, will ever.be paid for." .
If .any further evidence were, wan ti- to
rov iie n f.t.. t ..n .fth. Ii'e ,iu .i A -
.-. i., II ., 1,
d,.'pp ,bbk i., t, th'. lsn- c. l- qu.- i.^'l t..q,...
riii, r 10to tl iTleiii.i..r:,i L\ IT .u rc:- |.. r ,,-.h\.
(and which will produce more abundant crops
d of every article except cotton) can be purcha-
sed in the state of Tennessee at eight dollars
per acre in situations more congenial to health,
andintmong a'people as much admired for their
hospitality as they are respected for d eir bra-
very and patriotism.
SA few men who were in the territory at the
time when public lands were first offered for
sale in Madison county, have realized consider-
ablefortuines; some of them by means which I
HOPE my friend 'Mobile' would neither prac-
tice himself, nor sanction in others. One of
those instances, it is probable, may have come
to his- knowledge, as it excited considerable
attention att thetime, and was thle cause of an
alteration by congress in the act directing the
sale of public lands. The then existing law
required that lands forfeited, should at the ex-
piration of five years, "go into the mass of
other public lands, and'be subject, to entry at.
two dollars per. acre.' A gentleman (so called)
purchased a body of land for which there was
very considerable competition at the sale, and
, for which there were other bidders for more than
sixly dollars per acre. On the day of sale he
paid five percent, upon the amount of the pur-
chase nonee, which ensured him a credit of
forty days (upon-the residue of the fiv'st year's
instalment) before which time, the sale was
-- er- and the numerous copm)etitors hiad retir-
ed to the' resypeciue. fihomes- -reze tmppiact,
that no more than the five per cent. was ever
paid, and it appears that the brother of the first
purchaser took subh accurate note of time as
to appear at- the land office precisely at the ex-
piration of five years, and entered the same
land at two dollars an acre. The profit made
by thisjuggling, I would endeavour to calcu-
late if I knew the number of acres included in
the purchase. The precise degree of moral
terpitude connected with the transaction, I
leave every reader to calculate for himself. I
have some reason to complain of 'Mobile's per-
verting the plain and obvious meaning of words.
He attempts to make me say, that it was a re-
.proach to theinhabitants of Mobile that there
were no brick houses in their town. I refer
)Lijn and your readers to the paragraph in ques-
tion, and defy any other construction, than a
censure upon those counteofeiters vf truth who
for sinister purposes, are endeavouring to
delude the people, and induce them to leave
the comforts they enjoy at home, in pursuit of
phantoms which will for ever elude their grasp.
X.

Babylonian Marriages.
An auction of unmarried ladies used to
take place annually -in Babylon. -'In
every district (says the historian) they
assembled on a certain day inevery year,
all the virgins of marriageable age?'
The most beautiful was fii'st.put up, and
the man who bid the largest sum of money
gained possession of her charms. The
second in personal appearance followed,
and the bidders gratified themselves, with
wives according to the depth of their pur-
ses. But alas! there were ,some ladies
in Babylon for whom no mthoney was
likely to be offttered: yet these also were
disposed of-so provident were the Ba-
bylonians.--"When all the beautiful
virgins (says the historian) were sold,
the crier ordered the most deformed to
stand up; and after he had openly deman-
ded who would marry her with a small
stem, she was at length adjudged to the
man ,vho would be satisfied with the
least; and in this manner the money a-
rising from the sale of the handsome ser-
ved as a portion to those who were either
of disagreeable look, or liad any other
imperfection."

Anecdote of a Jewish Lady
The learned Shickard relates the fol-
lowing affecting story from R. Abraham
Levita.-Jus Regium Hebr. p. 169..
A Saracen commander of a fleet from.
Corduba, in Spain, cruising on the coast
of Palestine, took a vessel bound for Se-
baste,'with some learned Jews on board;
there was one eminent Rabbin amongst
the rest, R, Moses, the faitherofR. Enoch,
tmgetler s itlhi his wife, whose name is
,mitted in the story, though it well de-
served to be recorded. It is only said of


.her, that she was a woman of exquisite
beauty: and the brute of a captain being
about to commit violence on her person,
she calls to her husband (who was within
hearing, but in chains) and asks him in


ITebrew.whether tler who were drowned
in the sea, should revive at the resurrec-
tion of the dead? He replied lIn the words
of Psalm l-xviii, 22,- The Lord said, I.
will bringagain.from Batsa, I.will bring
from the deptlhi of the sea." Upon which
she immediately threw herself.into the
sea and .aas d, uwnedd. -uw,


--' .a ...... _


,-. 4 -


PHIL.'DELPHJI.
FIFDAV Mi iifNING. AUt',iw r 1i. i1.:18
(of w'e is._rt tnh, Ih.'.lriM.4, another comnlmu-
nication from !'X." on the subject of the Ala-.
bama territory. Upon a review of the public
tions which' ave been, made. by "Mobile" and
by "X,". w are, indtuced to say, that the wri-
ter of the-comm~unications signed "Mobile,"
is kqown to us as u genl r.n,-1, ,- 1 .. lt,- t iiVy andt
honour, asd therefore i.pl; ii. l. .e1..i. th e as.
L Iion ih.cl lihe has-made, that he does not
own a foot of land .' thle Alabama te,-ritory;.-
From' a general yiew of the controversy, we
are persuaded that "X." has ,tl..,g.- tirr mista-
ken, the person, and equally misapp'eheiinded
,-the mqtive of "Mobile."."

The art of verifying Dates."
SThe imo t beautiiul and te ni.ost useful
monuments, says the Jurnal des Debats,
which erudition r.i-.ed iin France, in the
eighteenth centitr!'. h- ut, itit contra-
d clied h. Ihel ,rf ,f: V iv *',- a < "v',-.
"i.-i .. .. -.. -.,-iit -i. ild nio.it rare s nd-
cit) aiil IP ti --.u-del ct ci i.ci1.,t .pre-ides
in the- work; ilch %ci a, first pu'.ilahed,
in "i7ld, irn one octavo volume, by D.-
Clement, a religious sadiant of the con-
'gregation of St. Maur. This laborious
writer afterwards enlarged his great
work, and published it again it three fo-
lio volumes, during the years. 1784-5,
and 7. Thou-h dragged from his cell a
few years after, nothing could detach
him from hia labours; and, during the
most violent storms of the revolution, he
continued his peaceful and useful resear-
ches, until his death i% 1793. The ma-
nuscripts which he had prepared, and
which are necessary to complete Iris work,-
have been preserved, arid are now in the
hands of Mr. de St. Allais, who intends
to include them in the new edition of the
Art, which is now in a course of ipublica-
tion. Two volumes have already ap-
If<-L i. alinak
foutv yolumes. 'ft ig assuredly one of the
most useful enterprises, Which could en-
gage the remarkable activ ity of our prin-
ters and editors.
Journal de Deb'. 30th mai, 1818.

For the Union.-. .
Bank of the United States.
The eleventh section of the act of Congress
incorporating the Bank of the United States,
contains the following clause.
"The number of votes to'which the. Stock-
holders shall be entitled, in voting for Direc-
tors, shall be according' to the number of
shares he, she, or.they respectively sliall hold,.
in the proportions following, that is to say-
for one share and not more than two shares,
one vote; for every tvo shares above two, and
not. exceeding ten, one vote; for every four.
shares above t6 njsnd not exceeding thirty,
one vote; for every six shares above thirty, and
not exceeding sixty, one vote: for every eight
shares above sixty, and not exceeding one hun.
dred, one i ote. but no person, co.-aIrtPership, or,
,,, p!..,il.,-, atl e ,eit.rt.eJ t0 oa i rcf,.-e, n r-r
ber d.(an; thirty votes-and after, the first, eled.
tion, no. sliae or shares shall confet- a right of
voting, whiich shall not .have been holden three
calendar months, before the election--And
Sirockholidrs actually resident in tlie United
States may vote in elections by proxy."
1. On the construction of this section of the
act, can it be doubted that it was the intention
of Congress that none other than bona fide hol-
ders of stock should vote at elections. Can a
m'lre trustee be justly said to be a holder .of
stock: and does not the clause, "that no per.
son, co-partnership, or body politick, shall be
entitled to.a greater number than thirty
votes5" clearly, apply, to"a case where a trust is
created for the purpose of influencing the elec-
tion of directors.
2. Is it not currently reported, that a trust
has been created in the town of Baltimore,
wherebyithe intention of the act is rendered
nugatory, and the election of Directors abso.
lutely controuled.
31 Is it not certain, that a caucus was held.
;n tli.- c;,. of which Mr. Mason, of Virginia,
eva, clhirm ri, in which i ticket for Directors
was formed, and wchic cket was supported
and succeeded by a larger number of votes
from Baltimore, than was give fiom all other-
parts of the Continent?
4. Was not this ticket notoriously the result
of i compromise, which finally gave a majority
to the friends ofthe administration in the Na-
tional Bank, and a majority in almost every in-
stance of one to the same party, in the branches,
throughout the Union?
5. As a mo'ial principle, is it not right that
in every pecuniary concern, the actual majori-
ty in number and value should govern; and as


a polit;cAl principle, isit not utterly abomlita.
ble, that a great m6nied influence .should be
openly and notoriously divided among the par-
ty powers ofthe country.
6. Is it not notorious, that the balancein the
treasury, after payment of the Louisiana Loan,
for which the bank is now said to be curtailing'
its discounts, will be a small one? Have not the.
taxes been'taken off, and -is it -not admitted
that war would be.utterly destructive.to the
revenue to be derived from commerce?
7. In the event of war, on what can the go-
vernment rely, for the means of carrying it on,
except loans from this. bank?' Must not. such
loans create paper issues, i.l chI"vill banish-
specie; and by surcharging- circulation, cause
deiir.,a n' An d is it til, tlat sc. gri..ti pow-
er over the prdierti of the ccu-ntrYi should .be
entirely at the will of a party?..
8. Ar, not the interests of the bank incorpo-
rated With those of the state banks throughout
the iotIu,,' Have not these banks, within a
few years, been multiplied in an enormous de-
gree by the same party which ha- cr:at-il ili t.
e.v xi- ilin.try n-ri'riie; and is it not obvious,
therefore,.that all the mohied influence of the
country is rendered subject to the authority of
the caucus at Baltimore.
9. While the managementof the bank shall
he confided to a fair representation of the mno-
nied ihiterest,'will not its proceedings h- limi-
'ted by principles certainly consistent with, the
*safety of property, Iand not. probably i.coir,-;
tent with the preservation of liberty? Is not the
monied interest a powerful but natural influ-
ence.in iO oic, noit l;kn ,\ to be dangerous while
moving .n its oun U,.. -, within its own orbit;
but capable of becoming fat ally subversive of
freedom, if chained d!.% 1i i. thIMl fIe of any par-
ticular political interest?
10. Do not the measures of the administra.
tion, however disguised, .... i -'ld, t i to--
wardi -. .ar' C n the late- p-.-ocCrdinir's in 'F1.
i, a ,ni the oidc-rs ei,.-.., n, ,..p--l th-. hrkli ii
Irom ite-Ir alie se i-,..ii L' i in .TrTncr-
Ooeanh,:vcich neither Sp, r .nor any other ir.
tion hags veir-acknowledged to h.- tih.r. orn-
limits,be otherwise accounted for il...i~ .,
desire to produce irritation, if notwar? .Ar.ij
do not the formidable fortifications now erect-.
ing at Ross's Point, onJ.Lake Champlaine, where
five hundred men are saidto be employed; arid.
'at other places on the Canada line, indicate
the expectation of the government, that'war
will happen?
11. Is it not probable, that the state of pub
lick feeling produced by war will be unfavoura-
ble to a strict examination of the proceedings
efthis bank, or'any. opposition to its measures?
And is it not therefore important, that some
regular investigation should at once, be com-
menced?
12. If a trust enacted or held for the pur-,
purpose of influencing or controulirfg the elec.
tion of Directors, is flagrantly illegal, of which
there can be no doubt, do not legal means
exist of avoiding the election so influenced
and controlled; and if such means be ne.
glected by the Stockholders, is not flagrant
an abuse of the influence of a monied inte-
-,'-'-,.- -ueffl nt reason for setting -aside
the Charter? To prevent this measure which
it seems probable'may otherwise be attemp-
ted, ought not a meeting of the Stockholders
to be held, for the purpose, of instituting such
inquiries, as may afford legal evidence of the
nature of the trust, and of moving for a- Quo
*Warranto should it be continued.
A STOCKHOLDER.

COMMUNICATION.
A few nights past as Mr. Stewart, an
Officer of the Bank of United- States, was
returning to his lodgings, he was attack-
ed by dogs at the corner of Pine & Third
streets; was thown down by them on the
pavement and his life endangered by the
ferocity of' the attack, and the numbers
which surrounded him. A single dog cros-'
sed the street and approached him evi-
dently menacing his throat, and in defend-
ing himself from the murderous attempt,
his hand was bitten through the side, or
palm; and his body seriously lacerated by
other dogs which joined in the assault.
Fortunately -he was,. rescued from death,
by means of per-sons who.heard his cries,
sieasonably as tobeat off the assailants.
.Since the attack Mr Stewart has not
.been able to attend"to -his duties in, Bank.
Citi.rins of Philadelphia, how long will
yoa permit this grownig nuisance, pre-e
sented daily by dogs, to continue? The
Corporation of the City have provided an
Ordinance for your protection-Why is it
not put in execion? The citizens of
tis great town ought certainly to be pro-
tected from the ferocious and murderous
attacks of dogs running at large in the
streets of our city.

District Court for the City and County of
Philadeldhia.
The following is the arrangement of
the buisness for the September term 1818
Two weeks for arguments to commerce
with the term, the 7th of September.
One week for trials by commonjury to
commence the 21st of September.
Eight weeks for trials by special jury, to
be divided into periods of two week each.
The 1st period to commence the T27th.of
September.
The-.2d period to commence the 12th of
October. ,
SThe 3Sd period to commence the 26th of
October.
The 4th period to commence the 9th of
November.
Two weeks for arguments, commen-
cing S3d of November.

The district court of the United States


for the Pennsylvania district, commenced
its regular session on tlhe 17th of this
month. There was not, while we attended
the court, a prospect of much business
being done. The jury were called over
and adjourned till the 17th, at 11 o'clock.
Am. Van..


c.c F.r1ranrdinary PasrigA".--Under' .
this head. the Boston intelligencer re- .
inarks, that the Ship Mdil, Captain Bron-
son, sailed from Bo-ton 1-th May. last,
arrived at Charleston the 29th, disch.ar-
ged, loaded and sailed from thence with
a full freight of 1300 bags of cotton (un-
der decks) 7th June-and arrrived at
Liverpoolon the 28th June-47 days i '
all. d i7

PARLIAMENTARY GALLANTrY..-,-Mr-"
Car-rning at the late election inLivei.pool,
concludes one bf his address to.thie elec-v
tors thus:
Bitt Gentlemen,- however remiss I .
have been here; I have not been forgetful,
elsewhere, of the clairt.s ,f the female
world to due parlicipjtion in matters .of
election. ;Of the plan iof Parliamentary -'
Reform on which, in my place in Parlia-
ment, I have had ccasin .to.comment, I
have commented on none with more in-
dignation and rebuke than on that which,
admitting the whole population to a vote, '
pi esumptiunOsl exicllni''l monmen from a
right ot .,uff'i-ne, 'lilsel denumina2edi uni-
versal,-(Much laughter.)-I do hnot
mean to say, for I will not flatter, even
the fair part of my auditors, at-the expense
of ruth (at least before so large an as-
semhly as this)-I do not mean to say,
that even the association of the softer sex -
in the new system- of elective: franchise
wquld entirely rec encile me to an exten-
sion of it, which, I think, would be full of
mischief.'But there is one pledge which I
am quite ready to give, and which, I trust,
they will think satisfactory; that I never
will consent to any plan of universal suf-
frage in which they are -not included..;
(Applause and laughter.") ..

-The Mobile Gazette, contains the ftl-
lowing account of the proceedings of
the inhabitants of that town relative to-:
tle conduct :f Lieut. BLALLL
T LE% rI. Et-q.-astiroeTr-Chaie.
.l1an anl a corlnnlir'e, consislini of" the
Ch airman. Nlrc--r.,. H V. (thainbielnain,
-J-:,!m Whitehead. iHei ry D. Meriitt, Saii-
u-'l H. Garrow, and Godwin B. Cotten,
reported the following resolutions, which.
were adopted:-
Resolved, As the sense of this meeting,-
that we view the conduct of Lieut. R.
Beall in marching a body of the United
States troops through the streets of the
town on the 14th .inst. in amenacing and,
insulting manner armed with muskets
and a piece of artillery, and demolishing --
the jail and setting at liberty the prison-
ers confined therein as a most wanton,
and most unprecedented outrage against
the feelings, the interests, and the con-
stitutional rights of the inhabitants of-
this town. '
Resolved, That the' conduct of the.said
Lt. R. Beall in arraying the United
States troops in opposition to the civil au-
thority of 'this town, and that too in a.
manner so peculiarly insulting, and so di-
rectly tending to excite the inhabitants;
to arms, and to deeds of ,oodshed' an',
horrotw, was an unwarrantable attack.
upon our most sacred rights and pji vile-o
ges as American citizens; that this ci.-_
duct in triumphantly parading through
the streets with his music and detadi-
ment, thus causing fhe inhabitants to as-
senhbie at the saidjailt and there turning
the arms of his country against our peace-
able and unarmed citizens, aud, threat-.
ening to fire upon them, and actually or-
dering his sentry to fire, were acts which
we deprecate with feelings of horror &
indignation-acts which disgrace the
character of an officer of the American.
army.
Resolved, That we detest the infuriate-
passions of a mob, though they might have
hurled vengeance on the heads of those
who dared to arouse them; that we wilL
appeal to the competent authority, for-
the enjoyment of that sacred bou, of oue
Constitution, that the Military be sub-
ordinate to the Civil Power."
After which, Addin Lewis, John King,
jun. Samuel H. Garrow, H. H. Rolston,
H. V. Chamberlain, Alvin Robishaw, and
Thomas Powell, were appointed to draft
a memorial to the President of the U. S.
on the-occasion. .
The same paper contains the following
note from Lt. BEA LL .-
Lieut. tl.i L-.t requests -a suspension .
of the public opinion, in reference to
the discharge ofhis late unpleasant duty,
until a proper investigation can take
place. In the mean time, however, let it
be understood, that the ground upon
which the county jail had been tempO-
rarily erected was the publiok hospital
lot of tlhe United States. ,

'JOSEPH BlONAPAiRE. and lord SEsr
KIRK are at Kingston, U, C. .

Mr, Andrew Norton, is appointed suc-
cessor to the late Mr. M'Kean,as Profes-
sor of Rhetorick in the University at
Cambridge, :

The Agricultural %Society of Montrvaz
have offered very liberal premiums for
raising fat cattle and swinie.

Among the India papers lately receiv-
ed by the editors of the Salem Gazette, is
a." Java Governuent Gazette," of Dc..
member 1816, printed by A. H1. Huhbarbd
from Norwichl Connecticut, son of Mr.
Hubbard, who formerly published a paier
in that town.

WFinfaw, (A". ,.) Aug. 8.-We are
credibly informed that MERMAIDS ap-
peared in the vicinity ofNorth Inlet on
the 3d inst. *


Easton, (Pa).dug. 14-We observe br
the Philadelphia Union of 10th inst. that,
a person by the name of Japnes Pardee,
wa apprehend and cied d committed to pi-
son in that city on: a charges of passing









co terfeit notes-that "lie-.R hri!. mjey'-l su ject g I -"th.
before judge Armstrong on the 9th ibist.. Nnva Scotia, New' Brunswick, and thiei
upon a writ offiabeas corpus, who after a several dependencies and in the Island
hearing of tlie prisoner," ordered him to of Nexsfoundland, Prince Edward, Cap(
enter a recognizance of ten thousand d,.- Breton. Bermuda, &.c. &c. that -it is ne
lars himself and to give good security in ceissary for the peace and good govern
the same sum for his appearance at the nient that all his majesty's officers within
Mayior'. court, to answer &c --Th-e e- the same. slinuld continue inn their seve
curity not being given, he was remanded ral offices and employments.' The Duke
to prison." of Riclnnmnd h[is appointed Lieut John
On referring to a file of our papers, we PIeaily to be his civil secretary. Louis
find that a person of the same naine was MAlnti'imannit. Esq. a-sistant do and Lieut
indicted and tried in thisborough. August Col. J. B. Frobisher, Provincial aid de-
term 1816, for the same offience, but was camp.
acquitted for want of snufficieut evidence. .: -


It is proniable that thiis the n sane ellow
noticed in the Unini. A fellow. hy the
name nofiRehen Mises, an nasnciate of
the Pardee to whom we allude, was ap-
prehended and tried at tile samu time, for
Sthe same' iffence,'Btit was minrt, uriforfu-
nate than his comradei--he was tfiusil
guilty and sentenced to six years' impri-
sonmnent in the penitentiary of Philade.l.-
phia.

SLAW CASE.
.MVw 'iYork, Aug. I15.-On Thursday
caine on before thle couIth' of general Seis
sions-of the peace, his honour thie mavor
presilnlig, the trial of Lawrence Pienovi
the Italian, %who abunit nne year since, bit
offlthe -nose of his % nte. in this city, in a
fit of revenge and jealousy. Soon after
the perpetratinn of the deed, he fled the
cnuntry;but hating retmi ned this'summier,
was appireheudedi, imliiltl.l arraigned,
a ind est,'rdav tried for the sIlsclkiing of-
fence. When taken to the police office,
on his being, appriehended, lie conilessed
the fact, and ulcouurse on the (11ri'il, n)
contrmnserts' ninc.d o, thii pin.it 'lTh' de-
fence set up iyi his cmiinsel. i,1. tUe infi-
delities of his '. f'-. ul lier r-eturn fir-
,iii. prJutection as a h.ia.nl1,, hadl so 'ihat-
ten:cthl ,hi senis,;. that at .t nine, lie was iln
a -tate of partial iiesi agemenent, under the
Influence lf insa;mtv rtail eiommitted this
eutfiaag--tapusn 4*tv- dti.j UAn.ntjlur --
MItan respectable iitntcsea csune for-
aqrrdi an'd gave' Pleirnit a -'nd general
cliaracter. aindd als, tretifi.id ato Inhi. rimnu-
ibles of tindit .j, ib t didii n t ,ijlutarntiate
any thing like setlrid deral..einent,. eien
at intervals. His cuiusel, Mr, Pike, and
Mir. Ft.y def.nJned hlin with much zeal
and ingeruivt. and s-pike tnea,'ly two
hours in Ins behalf. .IL. -Van VlWy.k. le
publ>ck pri,-.ecuttnr. sninined up the cau-e
on behalf of the goteriment, with bresity
and'olearness, and witli hin ch,a-ictei -
istick entrgyv. He said, he did init per-
ceive what evidence iIt inanity thle tians-
action could furnish. Pien,-vi seougit the
lodging 'if hii. nvife, eirly in the iutirniring,
at an Intur ntni:ii he wouhl prul'baly fils(d
hier alone, arind on ihr crin, of -itntre-s,
shut down the winrldws of the riuomn, %iln. i
,were open upon hii- entering. u. after tile
transaction fled the city.and remained a-
way nearly a yNear. until ie expected that
oritiion 1a'1 for ever buried the remnem-
brance of the felony.
The jury. a part -,f .'hom were fbri-isu'
SCrs, accorilinig ti the sIpirit of our l.i- s;
brought himu in .guilty, and the court sen-
.tenuceil him to tw.' sears cnnfinement in
StWTeNew-Ym-M-Pentvtertiar. -
WVe are informed that Ilis wife. who
left the country soun after the transac-
tion, has since married in Havana, and
nor. resides viineIsheie in tile West 'In-
dies ad that sle has married the man
wliocansed the serlius difficulties het weeni
Pienovs and herself. \Ve rejoice that such
sceae of di kne-.t.,k k ilt ,niri l crnelty are
not tmiiliar to tlie .nm-lerica;n people.-7-o-
la mal;j n. ). "l.
S:xnc .if ,liar .O's',.
S A PROCLAMATION.
, By1 his esceWlhne I W nLL t'F it\FaBo:i, over.
n,:ur and c.,nmn-.t.ver ni chief of the army
and ni'Ly 01f ihn. sa e, and of the ,militia
t. i n cat f. .. ,
WkaseE \,;. Captain OBEBD WRIGwHT,:
late, if the G .nr;ia riilitia. iras (in the
-29thl day nof. May list, arrested and con-
Sfined by theexecutise authority of this
-istate. for a siolaiiii of ot ders in the com-
inissinjn of an niau a.e no tihe friendly In-
dians llof the Clieha .i village in orden that
tlhe determination utf tle president of-the
United States, tin' regard to the manner
in which lie shiruld be tried fur said ol'-
"ennce, could be kno n. .
AND 'HEinr.AS. I have received infor-
mration, that the ;aidt Ohed \Wright didu.
on thle night of thle 27thl inst. break his
said arrest, and absconrd 'roin the place
of Iis confineinent. and prihahblN fr-mn this
state; I have, therefore. thi, ught proper
to issue this my p'pnclannatiin. Irereby of-
fering a reward nof five hundred dollars,
to any person or persons liue ria app e-
hend the said Oied Wrighit, and deliver
hoim init the custody of the deptity mar-
1shsill Ifthe Urnited States forth district
of Georgia, residing at Milledgeville; and'
I do moreover, hereby require and cnim-
.mand all officers, civil and military, to be
vigilant and attention e in endeavoring to
apprehend and secure the aforsaid Obed
'Wriglnt, if to be found within this state;
Sand to give all aid and assistarnce in liteir
power to any person or persons, who.
Smay apprehend hii'n for coniiement.in or-
der that he iia, bI b riuilt Io t nal tfor
Stibe crime of which he is charged.
v Oiyen pnder'iny hand and the great seal of
S th. i te, a' ,te Sinate H... n, -i Mll..l :-
aile, iti s nhn tn th l \ .i .il i-, i tI n
year of -our Lord one lthu.,n,l eight
Liini.ed a id eighteen, and of the ihde-.
S. peid.:-,ce i' thle United States of Ameri-
ca the tfrty-thirdW.
WILLIAM RABUN.
By theGovernour,
- :,, AB is' HlxMoND, Secretary of State.
Obed Wrightt is supposed to be about
8.0 ears of age, five feet eleven inches
higih. slenler -rim built,' said to be 'very'
active, fair complexion, light blue e'en,.
"nd light brown hair. ,

*.- His Grace the Duke of Richmond, has
signed his pruchannation, from the Castle
vt i"t. 6vwis Quebeck, informing his


'- FIRE.
f Ti,-rk, Pa. u IS.-On Sunday the
'21 in.t. that lage and elegant PAPER
MNLL4 Mr. HiiFFIMAN, sitiulie in Ial-
tin orm Cmi.nIi ', M 'lanr aimut @2 Oiiles
frim this BoruJb -s % ias-iuinti to the
gruounud, together with his do,'ellinig house
and othlier sinall houses--The loss is said
to be upwal ds af twenttv thousand dollars.
There a; Siin'ul'n ws ti lof fi,,ied paper
in thie Mill at the time, besides much un-
finished. This dreadi.ful accident cannot
lie a:couiniteil fur-I hu- io a moment of
tlhe mitost apparent safety, have tlhe hard
earnings om an indtn-trious individual
been desstrlNeed.

D \xING ROBBIERV.
Hartford (C.) J.ni. 17 --(n Monday
night list, the Jewellery Store of Mr.
Jacob Sai ;eant, was broken open and
gouds take to tile amount of up%%a,-' of
S SUi.i0i). Thlie folli ingii i is a list of some
uof tlie articles taken;-7 G,,1. watches,
5.5 Silverdo. a Inige qntantity of gild pearl
wpt fin.uer aind ear iin;gs. 4 set nif Silver
table sp.,nns, anid /;0 et of silver tea
l,,iins. slaniped J. Sargent. 1 lar.ee silver
soup ladle, 15 pair silver ugar- ongs, '2
pair pocket pistuls, Le. ec The store
%as entei ,:1. by boriii the window shutL.
te, and frame with a larne auger, until
a olie was made lar'e etnoughi. to draw.
_rinit J_.e b,hlt, and thlu breaking a hole
tinro'ugli the winrttOwV. tr-is evidtnntl-tol-
tork dT eprepinred: scnunmrilh-. as tli
Store is stinated in the most con-piguous
part of the City. A reward of 8.300.(a.
will be seen by an advertisement in our
paper) is niferel for the apprehension of
the thieves, and it is hoped they will be
detected and bought ti justice. '

..Venert'n... J.-On ithe morning ofthe
5th inst. a man calling lIimself by tihe
name oufJohn Hughs, was arrested in this
village, on a charge of having in his pos-
session counmiterfeit paper, with intent to
.pass the sate. On examination several
bills were found with hlin and three were
paid in at the time all which were adjudg-
ed counterfeit. After his commitment he
told where the rer.aindelcr of his bank
might hi found .which was in the stable
.where iis horse was kept. Search being
made, the sum of 5S460 were found snug
ly tuck'd'up over a beati, unrlier the hay,
sshiclh was safely deposited with the Jus-.
tice who had comminitedl him, which with
ithe sum found with him, amounted to
4SS5. He confessed that lihe received tine
money ofoue John Coriniur, in tha city of
New. York, Na. 162. Grand t. anid that
ie s as ti meet the said T'onbor at the
Germiant li-'lt, in July, when tlicy were
both tu start fir llie southward-He says
that he was finperily froin tlie state of
New Jersey; but pf late resides within
three miles of Auburn -where bhe has a
wife and six cjiildren.-The bills were as
follows to wit:
58 Five'dollai- bills on'the Ontario bank-.
19 Five dollar bills on the Mechanicks
Bank of the city of New York.
5 Five dollar bills Barkers Exchange
bank city of NewL Ytork.
13 Three dollar bills on the Bank of N.
York. .
2 Fives, oni the Orange County Bahk.
1 Ten dollar, on,the Mechanicks bank
city of New York. .
1 Ten dollar, on tje Farmers bank. of
-.Bucks County, Pena.
1 Two dollar, on the Mechianicks bank,
'city of New York. .
1 Three dollar, Bank ofWilmington.
I One dollar mI Fayette Co. Penn.
From the Baltimure An. e icari.
A gentleman of this city received, (via
Chitrletun) on Satuiday, a' letter from -
the Havana,- dated MOra Castle Prison,
.July 20th, 1818. Ihis letter encloses
a p.itininn -iddressed to the Prehident.of
thei United statess signed' by tihe officers
and crew of the sloop Altyra. 'which-
sailed from Charleston for St. Thomas,
with a cargo upf provisions. For the infor-,
mationri f those concerned-we publish the
petition. -
,'Your humble petitioners, American
citizens, sailed from Charleston, -S. C.'
for St. Thomas, in the Sloop Almyra,
loaded with an assorted.cargo of provisi-
ons, which was regularly cleared at the
custom house, both vessel and cargo, she
having the regular documents'of all A-
merican vessels; In the lat. of 16, N.
experienced severe weather; the vessel
sprung aleak, & lost most of-our sails; the.
crew all told, being six in number and
S.Xr p'ssengrs in the cabin, all being
e.nhauteil, th.niu2ht it aiad sable to run for
N'?w Pin ,itlence, being in thIe latitude
of that port.----On thie 7th of July
got a pilot oh' board; 'and ON the 9th;
fell in with the Spanish mnan of warbrig
San Fernandez, Don Simeon Ponce, com-
mander, who brought us too-the captain
was ordered on board with his papers--
the American colors were flying on board
of our vessel-on the boat's return she
brought 20 men, seamen and marines,
who ordered every one on' board of our
.-ri.el int, the costs, when they.sommen-
Ced robhnnng the passengers and crew of
every article but the pantaloons and shirt
they had on-on our arrival on bodrd the
man &f war, they had taken all the papers.
of the vessel, stripped the captain of eves


t
o
b


Frenchmen (including the two before al-
luded to) were accidently seen to enter
the hniuse of one J.-vph. a petty shop-
keeper in Portsmouth, by a gentleman of
that town, who presently collected a.
large party :' citizens, and conducted
them to thie spit. :


i, ry fhing that wis on his hack, and chaif
r etd him down to the deck; as ithe pa
s, sengers and crew got on board some wer
e knocked down that wereinan infirni state
for not walkingg faster-we were all chain
. ed together to a hilt 7 fee; long, wlti
u heavy irons -n bulh Ief~t--after they bhan
-. i n"od us ofvervr thing on our backs
e 1 and feet, we %were lkept under dec]
loa six days, n ithhatch.,. clnsed. W,
begged to have ine leg c aken out, but ti1
t add to nur misery they) Inided our hand,
alsn uith irons." We continued in thii
state until our arrival in Havana-wa
were then bro.iegit ashore, strap tfn ant
tno and our armni so traht.thitt th'e'iloitm
fairly started froqip.undei n.e4h out' finger
nail%. We -were -thrown into. aat.Qrtror'
antrrng 500 of most ibauridoned "1Wi'(rhei
stained with-crimes that.wotaud liar rthe
face orfnature. Our allorvauce in I oz.
of hre.id, bhal-pint hoiiRd tcke,-and r2 oz
meat for one da'V.-We ?afe exposed "f-
the cruel caprice -ofiur. ga rd, 'iho beats
us alout finr the lightest prdtence. .Tlere
are in this prion lth.irty nine American
free born men, some condetnned for ten
years to hard labour, after waiting three or
four years for trial, and if our governinelit
.done interfere, we shall have In end our'
days in a Spanish dungeon. As they took
us under the American flag, rntl.bed and
sent us to prison under the same, it is 'to
be hoped that vobr humble petitioiqs case
%till be taken into cousileration,'as lthe
British men of 4.ar denta'nd their stibjects
weekly, and are given up to thiem.-To
.sum up til, we are naked 'and in state
ofrstarvatinn. 4:
Ja.,ney. L Stevens, of B.aTfhTre ist oflicer
Th'fonas It. Coward. ol'N..York, passenger
inl .iA-7ipn., of tChinrlestoni, do
ur i A'..-on7, do do
*IVI' rI-,,, i, do do
Rofe, t Lai, of Ball;more, seamtn.
Jol/ Hante'npn, 'l. ti
N; B. T Pcapt:irn nd itheree oth-rs'sick, ahd
noi able to w ite their names, Whh4i.are asi.Al-
low: .
."; t'/hai 'Pitier,;al. o( Charleston, mister
Lh- lamen!..l'lide, of d0o passenger
In'm D BY ia/io, of Gc.!brgia do ,
---- ---&.-4- k 4utrermu't, oT N. tor4t sejm-nr
&eozr-pJiwkn.lW^Pqdnwfs branch
Since 'the above was in'type, we have
received tlhe Norfolk Herald, containing
the following remarks OIL the above na-
med vessel and crew.
NorFOLK, August 12, 1818.
MORE PIRAClY.
Our readers will remember, that we
copied into our paper yesterday, frnmn the
Charleston Times, a letter from the Cap-
tain of the Spanish Government brig of
war St. Fernando, to thlie commandant
General of the Marine Department, da-
ted Havana, July 7th. on board the St.
Fernando, noticing his hating fallen inn
with a Patriot schooner, in the al'ternoonn
of the Ist. July,-which escaped from hini
in the night, alter being much crippled by-
his shot. The same letter states, that
they.full in with and captured near the
"Berry island, on the 9th of July, the
sluop General Aury, Capt. Nicholas Pat.
person, under American colours, and
bound, according to her papers, from
Charleston, C-to St Thomas. bone of the
little Antilles.-Whenshe was overhaul-,
ed by the St. F. shle Was bearing N. W.
froit l1iebFiTornt" iiama, a-com-se-fpe-
out ofl er properdirection. They found 6n
board the sloop seventy two negro staresi,
not mentioned in her books, which Cap-
tain P. endeatvoured to conceal.
After some rerpoinstrances Capt. P. de-
livered up his commission from the Bue-
nos Ayrean Government, t cruize against
Spail, a'td, the vessel hihving on board:
irons, munitions of war, and other hostile
implements the Negr6e's were taken on
board the St. Fernarido;'and Capt; P. and
crew made prisoners.' "The Editor of.the
'Times observes, that. it is believed, upon
good information, that this vessel is, the
sloop Almyra,Capt.. Peters, which.,ailed
from Charleston on the 8th of June last,
ostensively bound to St. Thnonias; and off
the Hole in the Wall, fell in with .an
American vessel from Nbrfolk bound- to
New Orleans, with Negi'oes, and ,plun-
dered her of them and other property. '
Now, upun reference to the Custom-
House Clearances at this place, it appears
that the only vessel which sailed fi-rom
tlis port for New-Orleans, about that
time, with the number .i1 Negroes stated
to-have been found in the slop General
Aury, alias Alinyra, whs thie schooner
Commerce, Capt Williams,of Baltimore.
nutned by Mr. Hamilton of that City. She
cleared from this part oni the 15th June,+
and sailed about C0th. 'These circuistan.-
ces leaVe.littib .doubt tha~e was the
satie vessel which was rubbTd..v this pi-
ratical sloop. -. I.

'-. NORFOL Aug. 14.
,Jl. Robber cnu/ht.-- Thle French
schnr. La Finrestine arrived here on tIhe
21st uilt. from Mailiniqlue; and brought
,200(t dollars in specie. As it was after
suri down when she anchored in our har-
bour, it was thought itest to let the specie
remain on buard Ibr' the night. Next'
mniorning, however, it was found that the
whole of the money hiad vanished, and
that the mate whose'name was John Gar-.
onde,had also become invisible. It was
not doubted that the said Garonde and
the specie had made thlteir exit simultane-
ously, and it was strongly suspected that
two Frenchmen of thi- town who reside
in Little-Water-steeet (both cronies of.
his) ,vere accomplices in the robbery. The
evidence against.them, however, was not
satistactort enough to commit them upon,
and Garon'de was supposed to have made.
nftf with the booty. But on Tuesday niiht.
last. about fi o'clock, he ant' three othlier


. ropeivty.

S Frnrr tihe N. Y. E enin~'P.',t
Emir-zration-Il is crated in the Balth
and Chellenham Gazette of June' 17, re-
ceived at this iiefice. ilat "twelie hundred
perbfio-sLate eipj;.rated this season from
SiJGA.rsy' to_ America. motlyv to the.VUiln-
ted States: of these 1.0ui )re nali' e.s f
Gueri nise; a great nunmber,when it is con-
sider'dl that the whole of the pop.tlation
of that island is not reckoned' higher
than 19,000"''

commercial l Reg' Pr,na.Cirren'n, L,',,...n. ./J-',. 3 -COr TJ -N
Since the E.-s' inj i Cuna% -, .n I ,le, tli.rc lds
been mole bu-n-,,;i i'ran.itertd 111 C-otmnns ti.,i
W* 2 hre tor ome timn, been able toii'i.-
Be-nga.i ftcm'id.inig quu-lCn .-p-r;cnc 1',lice in
qiin a' the ccurrenl. of the sale. rhe price
of American h- s been determined by a sale
of 1i3) b le bn. ed Georgia on ilhe th ult
whirn ordiiol't nhniv:.J 15..- a 19 1 4d, and
good 201 a 24 3..d, in b..nd. The ,Ales of til.e
ve-k aice, du'% p/il, )uu Prnamnbucon, Gire 2s
I 3 -,I, 'u) MwI.,U mnilir, 22?.J: I'u D. merir
;.an l eI,,. '1,. I 1d. I',r to gi.rn.l 3 t1--.
a 2s 0 l-2d;30 C rrlic,-u. & G.-ena.-1a oo.J 2 rl.
lU S.inina.s n dr 17-!, per -F.,,,'n ind, C.-nipi
r 's Siit, nr b..id, u0 Iliurbiins n,Ji ;nftlie 2. 4il,
ftir to go,..,l 2s ,-d a 9 Sd, firne '; s 11 1.-1: 4"'l
Sun ats tr'l'rsy tn. middting ld'a12 1- l-d. F.,ir
to good 0 i4Ad ta 14 3-4d, "fine 17 1-2d a 17
3 4, 10500 Bengals ordinary to middinnv 9d a
9 3 4.l, ri. to guu.d 10 1-4-1 a 11i 1.4t; 2-u Ma.
draus ir tn good 14.1 a 15 i-4d-total sales
.16146" bags
Prices Curi'euv,Ti p4mgt't o1-Onir mIket
c mininue extremely livy, m'.fimibutablc in p-trt
tu tlhe laie hige 'rri'ti-, :,nl in pf r n. It, ine
partil su-..iinsnin of the spinning trade vy lie
hmirning out ofthe iond' .:nil.c..1 tl,.s par-
culr branch of tlie" ul.t n .haInulactli e; i'.
c..n ..>..:rct: ..- _whicli we have been v;sit...l b
I d.l-'e', and tliough a reduction of 10to
A4 ber lb. would have'been acceded In. tlie
purchases have been moderate. For Nc'u.l;-
lainds there have been scarcely any .inti-.r -
Boweds ,lso have been very heavy of sale at +d
to .d : per lb. Yl.:line Ye t--'day 3780 bales
',:nii, l ', i .: .'In .I '-n I h;'*:-;s of which a-
,nu I -. iO ,,... *'. t i 'O l'. Io l pI.- r Ib: ; .'
,rneranas r'i-nonTl $22d to 2s dina;'of813p Orleans
offered, '.'-4 ,,I.l at ,9 ., t'.. 2Od& per tb. By
private the ssaes of ib,: iw- 1,i c- iliC- It'I! at'
about '3 viQ p c..kli ', viz. 4-5 S.' 1.1 i.i' .1 ;3s
Id 'to j ,j, 2', ta'I -.....s1, Id; 330 Orle.a-. 1"
id to 2s id;' 16060 Boives, 20 to 2ld; 1t ,
n'ii.bi-rn,, 2s 'i a 2s ?d; 80 4anra '.,
*23d to 9s; .. '. ".d tuo2s 64d: i Pa-
ras,,224 da 30 neme ara, 22d; '70 C.,h3 .:n.,,
SOto z '. .0.. Yest Indies, 21d; r6 0 u,.
16d. and .,- Inp.al-:, _nH l to 1 Ild per I,
Both Pot .1.CI ii A ,\-l. i '. i, .' immeiz
request, ..i.l \pr.ce i tnh Al-fiicuiy nt -,u ,rr.cl;
New York ...I, L.)inr, P'.. ri L q tedJ .
52 to 54s; M.,nirft'-, I'V s t.,' ): P ,.-A ,- s I
desci;pt;i,'.r 5. to 5.s p 'i cwt.
'r',e ao S cL.-. Londn,T uldy 4-Thnr-ee per
c'.!rt n, ..i. F,' f'. arc. 79i, 3 per, cents ., 4
per c .eri' S 9 "" .
'P,'ce'i it ttip, t. Jb'. 4 -- mer. Fi-wecr,
45 a46-s-iti-j i.;.3ta 4au-It cc p-:r Cr" 4
a 45-FlI'Reed per 'b.1il, ro. v, shinig, 7 -'..I
a 8s Beef per i.bl 601) Cj-r',-rl: 3 a 13.
Cat,.,n bowed, Georgia, Is 7 a Is 9. ; S
Ila'isd, o. and a. Is .lid a 2s'5d; N Orle,1 a, 1,
8d n 2s; Pernambucp, 2s 1 a2a 2dj Tobar J
rt good an fine 9n1a 9 1-2; .stem ned, 1-2 .
9 1-'l: Asies, Boston, pot, '-, ,'" .., 3j P.:, 1l,
Am..564 a 57s; turpentine, per cwt. rough, 1-..
a. 15s 3d tar, 'per ibl. Am. 14s a 15s. i.irk,
-l'r.r pEi cwt.Philad. 20,sa 21s;'indtigo, 'airc.
flonian., 9- 6d a Ils; rosin, per cwt. 9s a 9s i,:6;
hides, B. A. 7d a 9d; staves, w. o. pipe, i"n i,
301; ,.gL-go.d,'Campeachy, per ton, t0W .. lum
10d; sugar, musco. ',%Is fine, 94s a 96; c.ffce,
per'cwt. fine', 133s a 137,; cocoa, W. 1. 66s a-
70si brandy, cognack, 9s 6d a 10s 6d.

DILD. esieide ,r'ci i,,-r. after a short ill.
ne,, JAMjES' CONNLLLV ..tg-.1 33. *
DIED VtesterJ n afit.,, n, Mrs. ELIZA
MOIuTIr.EIt, dri-.tiilVnr o0l the late Benjamin
Lynditil, ag a121 e'rs. .
DIED, In I-rar.kin c .u.-iy, North Carolina,
on the 30th ult. Col. TRHOMAS. SHIRnOD,
about 90 years of age; and on the 26th.( G1O-
RGbO RICHAltDS,ofthd same county, g d 91.
Mr. Richards was in his yonith in the Britisai,
navy. He was a soldier 'under Washington at
Braddock's defeat, had six sons whp fou,1.it l.'
the revolutionary i-at', and sevellteen nI..r rt
sons in tile late war. B.:.0. e..- v- ,--nr able ri,-ni
were respectable Tnt-rne. ,\n10 i-cd minly, I,
the same country, .1l.'IN (.OIHER, nervlh Iui
years of age. Ue was.also a sg.dier at bvd-
fock's defeat.

Long I primer.
A FOUNT of LUNG PRIMER, about hall
A. worn, for sale. Appl' aS the hice of 'The
Union, No.,67, li.ek shieel, on incr .of Bank
.,len. March 1h4 "l.


Atr I tlin 11 In, the premises,
O. Ji/, d4i,, diAe-10th ,l'd.9gh mrih Septemiber)
.1 T.ILU.IBLE
PLANTATION,
Ib C,.nt.r i ;ng tw.-. ,iiundred and. forty .
T i ,'m o ,icrey. r,,-.'t n"'.i,-cl are excel-
.., -, t rotdl.dnd; 'ttJIe'Jd in-Middle. -
tac.wn Ito' nahip ri--'.1', 'e coulrte;''
bo,.r.d.,d b% -lan-d of .h-,-_ CriAs.:., Thnmi4
"PTrrble, Jr cob H Inperi,.it Eydiu-s.tipn-.tIltn
d-al Di sin. ani (. Ileter Creek, filt.-'el ni les-
frn-rn PitNdeipin., frc.uor front, 01.i C'.huster; b,.-
nag convenient to puldlk '...,ri,ip of dfferenv
d.:norri'nauorn. .Tist mills, -'ntsrsii ,hop:, mn-
.cnoriee..e. 'Tlie biniinsi<-.f a .two .stunry tne
du\elhng, with three looms' .in a floor. a brg.e
cell r barn,torty T eo'? hin nr,'y, ,.;.V h a stone'
.pting house near -te dAle iisg, over a never
I .:- ;pTing L1 C scelleiat aar.; *A coinii.-nieint
'rniain hiouw. waill oi her out hbuilding-, a g.'c.d
beating appl. orchaid. c.r,-.'inng ot :,hout ')
trcS.: and v uitn or.ia'rd .-i' the be.- c-r-.'ndi
lajit ju Ia begininc. 1.- ti v. '', rh a n'-) ut"
pesch, pear an.i uther trnirt r-es.
frhe s-cil t of ann excellent .qulit,, arn,,I r. a
good iat'ie of ctnin'.tiorn. There te a eoud
'prinn.-s rf nwatn r in mI-.s t -' the field-, a-iJ a
beantnt'inI virsim fpisini, i.u-l ilin pt ru-e.,
Anm per''rns n' ,irijn l 'i -.'. ng tih [,lIn e ,.
-es. will be siliot n by the ,nbscrber, sILig on
the prem;s-es.
S1lc io commence it 2..'el.-ck.
Thne ternmi ti pai Tn,n ,iiri. ll bte mi-Ie ea'y to
'th-ne puirc- .ser. Corndtor.ns it l-'. ti.
ElijIah 'fT'son.
8th mo 21, IlS-dp6tcp'2t

Spring Physick.
Dr. Dyottf's ant-i-Biious P},/s,
'tiich tpreennt anrd cu-r tnilmn.s Complaints
"-44-'. hn nannt Ai- n -,. -.Ll. .-'.
rH e ,-,im ,i .-, ,,..,,- ,I.,,,: i- ,, n,i,! t Pills
(:1,-.1 bl- .1 111. ,.. r, t 1 l ., d [ ,: .e lc
i,: .,.-,I i' .'-aT) elt, 1A R. ,,, ip biik for ithe
,-, I ,'.t i...,, ... 6 .. n : .i.
i'mf, I r i-. .-'n, ,I i. E -, i- ..... r, r, .,k ,..J F .* [the -

il. ''.i.,.,h ,, d l Ti I 1ii i i.ii h,, i r. in ,bi. v. ,,l fa -, '
inl '_"I.m- et .' C I.d m .,'- Cnun. h', .:lU'r', irr'i-urnte
-*,'t -u-1..I. '1 t. NI. T I i' El-lriTr 111 ..i-

'. t'l- n -.' n, '.n,ri" ,', .1 ; c l. l ilal, I tr.i
-:-'.ci' n'll. t' i 4' n ] I i Ic-' rlI. > [i'..i n .m lin .-i:r Ii.. ii.
-'Cr .. .re Ci, i .l li[ralc iht.c..-3 a. 1 i l'e.. l I .'"it u, ,n;,ni.
u IT I -F-i sv-nun.-




h n...i ." 1,. t uirn nn r.l i -.l,.,s I n t, 1,, ., ,,r ,;-
ni ... ul... "- i i"c-i. 'I"t lj .i i- ''-.r ,,, t ..i
,t,,. n ,. s u i"-" :. ,r.= g s,,tl-, th ir'.jdu e
,'I-pa i't,',. t-i ll.:i i lnre d l'- l"n tin:, t, ri...i:in in til'e
i-n i i.



n i-. ti .. vl.i flJ i ] t o'- Irs.,i t u i jpi -.j: ulIii.ih 5, -A
t ) ..j I :i' iri i
',[ a ,c i 1,d i ain i l ,-t lr. ,. i
T -', d W 1 'ui. ,i'L ti ,'i.' O ". l' It I ; -t .,r ;i-
J.I.: ,%.' : i i'i n"i .i .l1 -.] ., .i ti- ,j rn ,= is,.. -.,i-
Ml- l i.t l ln., ., .i: i.. I ...- it .

Ou tt'U :I 1 ', j .l. [1: Jr, --i ,' 1.:t' ,r t



r -i. C-m ., :.' n .i r .I ,- P "i.
Ft r n .n"'... ,:,et,-i.[r i ,, t .,' niS 1'" I l ...'n,. c, I: rMTn a ',d)
,no nnu. o, r.



W -., i illt r,- I. ,,. 1' ,. IMt. I 1 Iii-l-l L
il, A i & I 1 .ji I i, .II i t I: I J i .. .1 i
i' h'.rl .d I i- v .i ,.-V I-
ii i i L I*' i ," *I h in i ,u -C 1 r .i I r tnl3
--IfI. ,i,-*[.n -i.lic ,t,' -e r i .-,.'.t rh.-,cr dnu nnt 'nlm.s
Ol It anu ,,,.. nir.: .-.... I ,r-d rt-,. u- in.d I ,i-' 1. s1-iCnCl-
C I.,r n '. ,:i ni- n' .u,-t''- C, t In t. l is' n'-et r,, t oh r
c ',I,,,ii ,-.1 u r..1 .,,, ,n .: it" Ri- Ll- '-r. ',or v sriu'c'er
eniiii.r.... I,,' nib(l:.l', ''r-c fe'l/ll -v-i ;-..1 ..nKl. -'ser c',sr. .
r el' i'. ,lu .t, -r.l i d .CriI r ,' it.. ci i -' tl
R- rI -, n b I., Ls.. i:i, a:.r ,ln t. I s r ,'- tt in, ;r tlh
',ll cll l ,V l ,-,1 n i ,1J ]]|, n. p. L.1jt [ 1V rli .
're- .rn ,-ii -1.1 r .c...L..it -. I h n.h ii tTR.. v
'.i li, n- rn. .;ni -I.tk c of.ni m a ] mrac..]r.c. n-]
TI- ,,onl ,-.f ,. -- I ..-, e tt ;1ni C: n l f.'Mt. l"t.=r n ii L'-.-iTiall
I,,'.*\ T/i i i'-" .-'ni ttrl i ri jib. i l *,iorln',iiin 1

T ', v' .-.. --E -cl :..,n ,r' n .-, ,-i .F the above Pills is
n--i. n, t,e i..,h P.. prieter.o His signatures oina piece
i. i n...r .'i ii outside wr'ai>ier. None other cans
pr i"nin I d ",lr. ...' I I..,
R ....; W .DY(rT 1M. D. .

,o/i in Philadelphia, onty y Is th Prioietr. at /is
lriihle.sl 1 Dru :rid i1edirint1 I.reinitse, -i ". conrner f
:, 'Maurch, 24 .. tf ,

o, Journeymen ,




'he mo. i .'i- -h. 1c pr use sateisfnadtnry
recn-mnier'd u-ts.ri', ill niUee with constant em-
plo'ydn. and libralfwages. A line addressed.
to 'and left at Arnch-stneet Ferry, will be at-
teitded to.. .
-' N. B. A man withl a. smll family canbm e a-
"I hondat-d near tie shop., .
Stht mo, ,slid- -lb l 1-" ,-


Thev surrounded the house and seefir- .
edl two'pf tiem; bu.t Garonde. the princi- HEALTH O riE ".
pie ,ague, and the other named Antoine. A FFI .....
we:re misting. A Cstrict search thrua-.zh- ,August 1'818.'1 -,1.
were missing. A strict search th r u Int.-rm.-nts in the City and iLibcrtus ot Phila-
not thie house as made for them, but ,i ,; ,.an I,,:. PI r the 1I ;I n Aut .au
without success. [n a back rinom Itn an
ill looking afelinw on a mattress hicli \.n.
spread on the flroin He was inuale.tu rise DISE',ASES. e DUISErSE. -' 4
and while one the ofsinagistrale-; who canine -
with the it.ard ia exAminiing li ii., line A r. r .xi, I I' in,;sst-.r,-r, 2- s
nT tlie party carelessly rolled over -the .A.0,ph,. o I i,-,uing, 0 1
mattress with his-'iit, wL'Pn tu the stir- Ctal-c. LMarbl. ,s I 1 Ucers., 1
prise of ., prem-'.t there appeared.r C n. 8 2 ,T.-67---
smnAltlrapfiowr in hle floor..just lir ,e e- ontnt g.. 5 -- .
enough to admit a.ran Cthroir'gh ifit.- ii.vl" c ,in;n-, 1 e .egoi e
h D, c iv, O2 if" sihe f,.nregoir-g there
the citizens iin e-diately dece~ilaid I ni i s.., l iq. were:
through it into a ceirli- nearly hall f'u'i otf i,,-,,n. .' 'uJ
Water, andh with the help ofr.a c~tndle pi,:- ),-,ned, 1 ) Undler 1 year 3
-sently found the culprit Garonde, twho ,,kni s 1 0 ron 5 ./
with the other two were sent toj.il An- i1| ir, 0 1 5 to 1) 1 .
tiine. it was ciinjectiireil had ll',d o er 1 ,. r. I.-rniten-iit I n 10 to "O 2
_.tni Norfrljlk. whel e hie sesilesl Lpinar s ;1,,ii,:, 0 1 2)t ro 50 6
"f g300 in'guld-:;u isd er were fouun'd up. Iltl ,'riii .h.,f t o t 10 S.
Vin Garunde quilted in a kind of 'iahsh. u- g,, .0 1 .U 9 '
and wrapped round his tbndy. He hadl a -0B.,-l., -2 60 t, n :' .f-n- -
horse ani chair at lthe dovr, and wvas that in ,ni.t, 1 7u to 2. 0
night toi inave set off finr P.eterhurg. ha- t.I- ,\e-, I u O n6 o 9u) 2
s ing left 100 with the person frmin whioin P.l ey. Iu to 100 0
lie hired then.by way ol'a pledge lor their siti .'ri- ) lu0o to 110 0
return. .Mjnut S6 i O noonP were fund tlie pheUT, d1, 6 ,
next da3 in possession nf A tlniine. aind nl e Car i'.i over. 24 41 I
was .sent to keep.his worthy friends cum- ii, rler ,e.'iW' aBnr/,.
panyv in ihe, jail at Port' mointh. TIhe JO'EPH PHYOR, Clerk.
whonl stnm recovered is between 1.3 and
S41A0. 'T.kTE OF THrE fLERMONTErTE:.
'.1 *0. 1 ~18. 9 X.-.' .,.*h.- 1'2 ,1'.'9.. r',,ru:
Ton miJch cannot he said in eommen- Aug., 1,)i ,8C 7) 7t
dation of the magistrates arid citizens of I, 71 73 74
Pnrtainouthl for their prompt and active 1 75 9 i 82
exertions in securing the silli;,ns They Iv, 79 as 83
merit the {hanks of the citizens of Non- 1 75 77 7.
f,.ik in patit-ular, wio, can makeno cal- i, '
culistion of the amount of the depreda- n ri For Sale,
tions which tl.c-e tniscreantn have corn- A a la e Faah in For Sale
mitted,or caused to be connmitted on their 1. B "' OLu.
A .D L11-. .1 ,- '_-..








*rot ret- sto.
FOR THL U NION.
: Rephl, ,,it no Solution, to the Charade, tha:
appearfi, i t the Unionr of Frmiit, last
- 'A rusty Cliarade, fitlll eiglir ears ri-ade,
-And never unravell'd before,
'Was intended I think, on mystery's brink,
'To puzAle, but. notto exploree."
On rea.Flng it twice, and conning it thrice,
A solution appear'dto my view,'"
SWIen a grin and a laugh, split it in half,
And the devil a bit wou'd it do.
T once thought Spit owu'd xery well fit,
With a circular'Jack to appear in,
As it t; nted 'and twirt'd, and round about
,5 whli; l'J, "
But it was not the course, for to tecihi. ,
f-'rieVs iso i?, next came, perplexing tiny brain,
V 'tli wing- ..'oobut never a leg, '.
No neck, uor a bell, rnor b-tck, let-me tell ye,
Though it oftenivwasnfilled within e._ .
Of teeth twienty-four; oft lei, selJon more,
r' s' e at a tlinCe i ccup i, .,
Seem'd jit IIe C'.i ;'., ; the lisri to bake,
-'-When the, mouth, is opened wide.
But tlhei the que:.r tongue, at least an inch
lo : .
Dispell'd thie solution: forever,
.Though the pa i.sI had hit, the waffles to fit,
Appeared both ingeni6ns and clever.
'As Ilayiin my bed, it pop'd in my head,
"otw an Om'.let or pancake wou'd do,
WhitA.uien il in uise, co',d the kitchen produce
.'To make u p a pair, but not twio.
'ro corimmoily lai, five or six eggs a day,
.nd if proprly'I m inagEd more,
Some ds t-not z.) nI,;, *.njd some days not any,
Appearsc aridieiloig boie.
And no w I % ill .-'y, t-- b.e d!i]ak on Tuesday,
A bottle i '. i'.iamp.g :. ,
As the Sauhor,' d.:.id, and Ilong since buried,
The Chiaraie' t ill i niT terry remain.
P.

,; ,' .'* 1 O e i i' i N (M '
.p rom 'I- .- LI .i...-,,r ,i%,. l ert r, Aug. 15.
:-'The sliI Ti iton, Ca.ipt. HlIconimb, ari'-
.sied at this purt ye-teriday, aft'r a pa'age-
of 3 tI.a .s troin Li,'orpiu.il. briin.'-nan thi,
papers of that city t Ju.lyt 6, andl LtIdoii
.papers to the 4tli-14 d.i',s later than
our last dates by '-a)y ,if Net York. 'We
are indebted to Mi-. Hooper for papers
of the last dates, whichiwere received,
tluiiugh ti.h exertions of the boatman, at an
early hour in .the afternoon.. 6
They contain but little news except
electionn details, which will not interest.
mni.,t cf our rea'det-s. Mr. Broughami, who
contested thi' election in Westumorelaid,
in opposition to Lord Lonsdalle, gave up
the coe;est after four day's voting; .
,r'ea-t nuiler -f me,nbri s hald been re-'
turned, and thlire appears to have been
'no great political change.
The de tli of the celebrated Russian
general Ear-cley de Tolly, liius, le-i fol-
lowsed by thliat of another distinoguijhhd
c(Oini' iali,.Je, liar,,n X ii.ihti.,irude. Gene-
rdl i't "- .' irv, ai', I .\. 'i.a ian't G ,neril in
thie s'-i ice ou i KiEiperour ot iiussia. He-
had be,_nt a.i jut a month at Wieshaden,
ion a. visit to his relations; itf-apparent
health arnd with a chlecrftl flow ofspirits.
On the 18thl of June, towards morning
he was found sitting.under a fruit tree,
nH'ith'ouit any sign of life, in tlhe attitude of
a person in a g-ntl e slumber.
The Queen 'fEniglafud had had another
alarming return of her.-sickness, but .she
-'was a,.tit i eciver.ing.
The- cle-:t tn in Liverpool resulted in
the return of Mr. Canning and Gen.Gas-
coyrie. In London the elected members
'are AWood. Wilson, Wijithtnan, & Thorp.
.I Westminter, Sir Francis i'irde't,
al1l Sir Samuel Romilly, in ,-ipp,.,sitin,
to the ministerial candidate' Sir Murray
Masxu el. ar.nd orator Hunt. At the hus-
ti ;, iii tiblinr, Jiiie 80ariot took place,
in uliichi Mr lGrattan, who was a candi-
idate, was wounded. The mob was quel-
led by a "speech frromn Consellor Phillips.
The kiug oat France has issued decree,
directing-that a squadron of ships shall be
maintained on the coast of Africa, for 'the
-.irpitp- ofenfijrcihg the, abolition of the
.6lave trade.
LoNnoN, July 4.
(Evening.)-The Paris papers of last
Wednesday were received this morning.
They do not contain one paragraph worth
transcribing. '[The Five per cents %.t e
7420c. Bank actions 1615. -.
SA letter from Duver, dated July S, 6
P. M. says the Royal Yacht having the
princess Adelaide'of Meiningen on, board,
escorted by Lord Viscount Keith, has
ome over from Calais, and the windtl being
',ilt- '.-.-t., the yacht has run fir the
:i ,i r,.- where her highness will imme-
1,i.--h i Lrni'.
Ii.t e s.-s..no regular account in town
5 y.tmaiav. of thle state of the Queen,
fuiii .~m-ii it was, hIowever, understood,
that her ,'-1.i j-. was not so well v'es-
terday as she was on Wednesday. T'he
Prince Regent went to Kew to attend
her M.i.:- .'-, yesterday about 4 o'chlock.'
A second ed tion of the D)ublin Free-
man's Journal of the 1st inst is as follows
Dso .o.'nEi ELEo ttr)o. --We lay be-
fore our readers the following extract of
a letter from Drogheda, with feelings of
horrt6ir., ,
,"We have had. no less than three men
shot here since yesterday. VW.e are int the
centre of massacre and war. The military
are out in all quarters, and under arms.
Mr. Wallace,it is thought, will be return-


Wr',iETa M; STa. ELECTION.-Final
.:'-se.of the polethis (lay at S o'clock;--
.Sir S R'unilly 5859
Si. F]urdett : 538
Capt. Sir M,. Maxwell 4808
:M-c:, .auat 8.8 .-


Sir S. Romilly and Sir F. Burdett
were returned by the High Baililf. Sir
Samuel attended on the Hustings. and
addressed the Electors. He afterwards
mounted the Chair, and the ceremony of
choiring commenced.
rom the BotonChronii;cl.
The election of England were proceed
ding with u unusual warnthli, and even with
violence. Mr Hunt had been attacked at
the hustings by a Mr.. Dowling, aimed
with a horse %lwhip. Dowling %asattacked
in turn hv deaf and dumib brother of
Hluiit. who appeal s to have inflicted aomine
lea.vy blows on hin. : ... -
lThe Liverpnool Advertiser of the 4th
July, sa. sc--Accounts from various pla-
ces continue to state an increase in the
.the return of opposition mtenibers to
the meilier- oF thle net Parliament.
--The whole amount of thie acces-
stons. to the antiministerial ranks is es-
ti:: etled at about .35, thoiiuhi that num-
ber is tiauudht by some to be userra-i
'ted, .. .. ; ."....... . ..
'A paei'e',r confirnts the above, and
stale.s thai L..n'lun 'a ill iendt three mem-
Ibe-l. hi ,ppoition, ani orie f.r government
-\Vestnii-.ter 2 oppo_ ition-Liverptool,
-2 ini favor ot Gos ii a'r.e iil.
Thlie London C'iniier of the Is.t, July,
'speaking of thei eerution of Arbuthnot
.and Arba"-i;ter. says-" If tlihey were
reaIll guilty of their crime with hlIichl
they stood accused, their Ifte was such
as the law of nations warrants. 'But as
tio the idea of their lbing enir -;:irles of the
British ',i vc'rnnaeut, it is too ridiculous a
suFposition to be seriously refuted.
.A duel was lately fought at Lisbon 'ithi
s.al.re-s bet icen an English ,officerand a
Portuguese nobleman, in which the for-
uiier "a;s sitKtoriots, althou_.i it doe. not
appear that eIthier party %as n.,lied or
wounded. It originated in an nlle-'ed
insult oitei'il to a Po:irtugue-e aIndT of ijo-
hihlity The iimoblemian after .iMrdatraipl'iv-
ed l'ive or '.ix rulli: ns to a s inate lthe
English officer and liis second, but thiey
f.atil in- itc atteaqp.t.. -
Thlie Kin of ~':iia lhii suedd a decree
temporan l y isu-peridini the fornier decree
lor L.stablitjliIg .\licant. Caliz. Curiunna
and Santander,. ports of di-p-,.it, u nil
thie adoption of same, pieparatryi regu-

0 ,r,'iage on-'Ar. G'rattan.-The chaic
in which Mr. Grattan .was riding, was
attacked in the-street of Dublin by a
ni '. on the 30th June, and broken to
.- .:-n. Mr.,Giattan received a contu-
sion in the forehead.
LIVERPOOL, July 4.,
The last accounts from France indicate
a state of perfect tranquility. The army
of' occupation is to be withdrawn the
ensuing October. It is affirmtned the French
ministerial party will acquite great ad-
ditional supportatthe ensuing meeting bf.
the, Legislative Chambers.
1" .-, Il -i, July 4.
We are informed from Rome,. that
fresh, robberies !iad been cominitte.l in
the neighborhood of Terrasina. Sone bi-
shops, who wereproceedinc froin Naples
.to U.-nie, to ti ceive Inritiutiion, ,vierc
plundered.

From the .lexandria Gazette.
Loo-Choo Islands.
[No..1.]
O! wonder!
,How many goodly creatures are there here!
How beauteous mahkind is! 0 brave new
world, -
That have such people in't!
SHAKSPEARE.
The British reviews, though they often
convey to us information of the most de-
lightful as well as important nature, have
never, that we can remember, brought to
nur shores more interesting matter thana
is contained in those of the first quarter
of the present year, .in critical observa-
tions on t6'o liookik then l.ttel$ puhlii51shed
in.London, .,ti thii stilject of some recent'
d-iScoveries made on the west coast of
Corea by the ships of war which accom-
panied, the late embassy from the court
of St. James's to the emperour of China:
and particularly on the 'subject of a vast
nuniber of islands, and among'the rest of
that called the great Loea'hoo, or as it'
has been written by the author of one/of
the hooks, Lew Chew island. The first
of those books is entitled "An account of'
a Vo a-:.e of Discovery to the west coast
of Corea, and the Great Loo-Choo Island,
with an Appendix containing Charts and
various Hydrographical and Scientifical
'Notes.' By Capt. lasil Hill, of the Roy-
al Navy, .F. R. S. Loptldor and Edin-.
burgh, Member of the Asiaticlk Socie-
ty of Calcutta, of the Literary Society of
Arts and Sciences of Batavia. And a
Vocabulary of the Loo-Choo Language.-
By HF I Clifford, esq Lieutenant of the
Royal Navy." The title of the second is
"Voyage of his M.iie-tvy's ship Alceste,
along the Coast of Corea to the Island of
Loo-Choo with an Ac'dcount of her .ubse-'
quent ,i h-Mui ck By John McCleod,
Surgeon of the Aleeste.
Most living creatures, but above all
those of the human raie, feel for others of
their kind a tirrn -t;,mpath;y. In man,
tins passion is so constant and powerful,
that it has become the source of many of
'his most exquisite. enjoyments and poig-
nant miseries, antd above all. those pains
andpleasures resultingfr'om the intense
curiosity with which he examines his own
nature, as it is developed in. the bound-
less variety of action, sentitiae'nt,and char-
acter that passes befot-e hi|m through life.


Of this. curiosity every man of reflection
must be conscious; though being met by
him in others, it, like every other cir-
cumstance of habitual frequent occur-
rence, escapes the particular observation
of the generality of mankind. Fvery man'
is occupied, more or less. in tracing cA-
mnongst those he converses with the va-
rieties of temper and intellect which con-


stitute thle characters of men, and re-
ceives great pleasure from every stroke
of nature ihit unfolds to him any of those
aarietiep. he' influence of this s'ympa-'
:.thy i licernible in most of rnur pur' uit
.and .ilh.-res. It i5 that which gi es birth
'to tlle rama, and that altbrd- the tl. -
fre such a control as it possesses over tlle
feeling of all-cla.ses & conditions of men.
-It is that which imp'arts to novels such
a charm:and it is that whii:h supplies iis-
to)ry % ith its attractions, aud imparts to
huigraphy its fascination -it is that
minaterlss passion uliicd at one time
draws imen tua tragedy,aij at another toi
a puhlick execution for which none have
a more irresistible appetite than persons';
ofthle imont hbeievOlenit hearts.* Fewa.ire
they who hase-not perceive,1 either in
tlifminselves In- others the iea-erness siti li
whichh lihe exaniiinei thle actionr,, the invio-
Jiutary rm.lions, the niitlute -working pf
the face of liuman bein when exposed ato
some trirng, terrible circiu ainaices. Thie
natural "(Ppe ;sa), thre p,/i.per) study of
mankind is'inian -not in any ol the false,
artificial characters he so cuontatlyv a.-
smuies in society: but in his itovn .iati\e
uinophist.icted state---We aill, tlheretijre.
Ir,%e r-,ce or lIess tu ac:,nompany the diia-
bi., b-'iii".t' while i e le fls t, l' the roo-!fs of
lthe houses, and to take a peep at iOir fel-
low being- in those hours u'l5len di s.-t-i-e
is r'enot id.and ab-o e all to s'iew our spe-
cis 4 cicuMi;L.-tnces perftctly new-tjr
before unknown to u; :--& thii, is ilte rool
of tlie pasioinaite fondne, .whih:li all nien
late for reading accountt. of travels. toy-
ages,anld above all, of new discoveries.
None bit thne- uho. were attetitii,'- re-
manrkerus t' the times in lihicli t!.e i.ccui -
red cLni possibly coin'.eive tLlie the Orpre-'-
sion made upon then cit-lized v..wrld by tile
,'l-tsm ies i of ( p.tin Cujk. T'li: inter-
e-t e':eited by thie shiip vTeck i-f FPirre'
yinid(illhoui llh tlhet : thlentirity i4 i.'ln stlorv
i.- tl;ou gh t.l : ,l- llt [h D u l l t! ) t lb'..a.i:lre] l
tlat app' title fl ir blich t.iiu,., -'.,tLhi tlI?'
s'li|s i .k aned ia-.lJilips .of '-.,- rl .n th.lie
\\'i.i i .h.lan ldaid r -c.l i' i i. b... r I rick

by himn oul' rai a l giti-. i.n ti'le c'> t *,t
PIalagonia, ,-.jn ati-r.-.arikds ils-,!ied 'v % ih
[.,id. But all th..,_L w e.e u n-dJ ,.n al-
nt.,t fillr ottrl in ;i IhI e a liil'rj ainl I;:-
lilght whlich C,.,ik miltori':tl .i .",i'rsiie hi v
inti.r,,dt i 'ili. it 0 !I _. ..*i,| i][ t.i ,t-e ,., J
tnei ald bt l"'Ie i'.: that ti'e -i .'i tl it .i.rd
.unknown. race ofhutman beings in tise va-
rious clusters df islands which ihe disco-
vered in the Pacifick ocealn.-And: now
comes the account of the great L.. CiI>o
and its multitudinous companion isles, to
reveal to us,awnite new secrets of the po-
pulation of this globe--to bring us ac-
quainted with ax.race of fellow being- who
though fa-r irenm., ell from the ignorance,
or helplessness of savage life, and not
mneanly versed in some of the arts of re-'
Ifinenment, haye not hitherto been cusl,."c-
ted by Europeans (oet i--and Ito delight
us with iiu.Cih curiou., inform-atioin of deep
and etllivening intertrests to the heart, and
of no trtlinig impiirtance ti ti- s..tind. n0o-
i i, philo~otiiir 'and t1.h e 1 iiS- tudmii inves-
igal.ir -f toe natttcai character o.. man
. -ll ri',t ne have lieard orseen of these
ii:erestini vaol-i". -7 h ia-, been sujpplilledl y
the Britis(rreview.", andi those have filled
LtS witl tle nimost egei dmi',ire 1it have" a
'complete attentive perusal of the whole.
Even in those cirtcitcis. and in tlhe faew
quotations they c'-qtain,'yve see abundant -
scope for contenliplati-,n, and a supply of
delightful exercise for the fancy and the
judgment. We have not yet heard of
those interesting publications being in
'the way to be printed inrAmerica; but we
know that'many opfour booksellers, are
too enterpri-sing, and too feelingly alive
to their own interest, to let such a pro-
mising harvest long stand unreaped.-4In
the mean tune we purpose to supplyy ott'
readers with a few of the most striking.
passages we can fid, accompanied with
such observ'ations.as shall occur to our-
selves r.i-pcihn them. as worth offering
to our readers., .
[No". .] .
Were the civ'li'ieil n orl l to open their
accounts, in way of leltrir tind ci editor,
within each p:u'rticul.,r nation, from the
fil-st trace ail cii litatiou i InhistOi'rs p to :
tie' pre tin tim he sCLe oe ,I' .- t. .1.-
Iiiims benefits which each has conitiilait-id
to, the great general 'amount of the con-'
forts .and accommodation of society--
whether of ot'nament or of substantial
-value-whether of mental or physical
g iod- t,, jhetier p.cuhilite or pr ir.Ih. il
it can scarcelv be doubted that the hia-
lanice wouhl be decidedly in fisour olf
GreIt Britain. I'hie utin ks if heIr plil..i-
sophei's are the main'guid'es'.of the world,
in the walks of science; and the produc-
tions of her artists arid manufacturers.
furnish atlarge share of the commerce of
al nations. -From her- exaimple'and in-
struction,the modern wor,'ld ha's derived
those intrepid and generous principles of'
freedom thilch, improved upon by Aireiri-
ca,are rapidly spi'eading over the ci'
sili''ed natin" of tile earth., and v ill, it
maiy reasonably be hoped, eCeii'ana \ eir'"
be past, illanninate, not the minds only,
but the bosoms top, of all the more intel-
ligent aictii,ns of the Ituiuian race; while'
her opulence, humanity and erntctpli?.e

from the obscurity 'of barbarism, nations
of people, before t~ot imagined to exist,
asid",tanasrerred the n from the. condition
of sa'Vage; to the exaltaNion of ci'ilizeii,
and in cases, of refined social life. 'io
those she has lately added the discovery
of the Loo-Cboe islands, thb' her claims


on that score cannot be rated so very
high in all these respects we have enum-
erated; for, though(to borrow the laingiag.
of the Edinburgh Reviewer) the discovery
of those islands ought, to make, Britons
proudd of their countryy," and to ptut
G' eorge Selwyn,0 one.of the rhost phiilai.
tliropick ofmen, went to an 'immense expense
travelling to see' eseeitao. r;


Severe tMan uin go6d hunoti'u'ilth hls spe.
cie".," tihe redemption of the people \hoI
inhabit them from barbarism, ii nit to b-
reckoned amn-tiig the triumphs furnishei-d
by' this' event,' since the inhal,itants of
these new discovered regions neier
wer;i'fa,1nd a.thliersa ere,latbouring uinIer
the diiadvantages of savage life iho'
altogether uinknowtn and undreamt
of b'y an) of the people of Europe ,r A-
merica-even by the most active and
enterprising maritime nations of the earth
---they po;sesi great skill in tuieful andt
orriaitnenta al tis and-inanufactureis:- and
if the salue of their law, and minral in.
stitutins may be eitiated by their hap-
py effects upon their own li\es, cust'irns,,
dispositions and conduct, they imuttst lia'.e
some code of their own. of great excel-
lence, under the int11uei. ce ol'f which their
minral habL'itu:les, i auner, and -ucial
practices are shaped to a degree o( per-
lectiaIn iithi thone on the oppoiil side
of the ghlibe have tfor imany ivsis ii: vi'.:
endea'%sired to secure bI thie strictest in-
jurnctions of religion, and all the seser-
raties o:ilf sangiI nary titi inal laws.
Ill ,itoe ri. p-rct pirticilarly, the disco-
veries now under consideration most es-
senti.Illy aUri pleasinIty lill'er fialnm all
that hate iitlher ii tL,.-in related. In for-
mner vosag-es and disc, erieis,the interest
derived Irom the no'.vlty tf Iewl\ fuind
riaceS of in-nii, lids a.il'a vi i been mtuie lr
l>.-s ctn siiiiliylvy ab.itel. byv such imau-e-
ci,] ?"u,.ktures ofithe violet savage depia-
vity,i.rorarnce at iid grosi set~in-.alitv, that
in LILntempljtitng then thie in'.nil t inoral
piiritv was, kept either in a consl..nt
state ofoucillation from contenhptor ui
pity, ti) disgiist and t a iabliri ence: or w'liere
things were moire favoural,le, in a state
of sadness and re-ret at their deplotable
seal.im'e al i-niimorali t. The cina:1i-
biiiit'i u f -iifl e of s tl ll nation of i,,,,,..-
cent ',d nutmtrai i.'sl,,aid.rs dis ta'ored
Ly t'.il e- ri ir cri'.il aid ,ilrn 'ei' ,,i.S
i;ii .i r, -f in.t!>iill.r uar-- third .proiit,.-."-.
er,_suCalij ".ci'rlei to ain excess: of iilei'i.,,,'
_V .tl inn i..rd-,'ii'a upon th [i, ilmh t r it,,
fir.-:r l,. i., thie -ir_.lii -.,. ,ii ,:nnula-
It il I ,I ,I ln v i l rt] ]. i' !'and:',-ied l :i
cih.!lhp ,,i 'i'.,i I le l,'si t l ,ii'"--e kl ,.1-
.adl tl. a.,. inthe end, i,.-nudii. did ire
,a l', ti,: c~ui~ c:q''ncei they) :rIlnc-'d
.upon the conduct of their visitors, who
seldom failed toadd to their stock of
ri, .,L-..-c, iii, ,- nep ruili ii-nts in tlie arts
ulo e ie-to them ctontminiicte" to loath-
samte diseases before unknown in their
countries--and too often.to take the ad-
sania.e of tin-ir own superior powers to
oppreis, insult, and personally abuse
thelm ,. ".
_The account of the Loo-Choo discovery
exhibits, nothing of this detestable charac,-
ter. It all affords pleasure with:scarce-,
ly any alloy. So farl from yielding them-
selves, like th'e beautiful fenmales'of Ota-
heiteand Hluaheine, to the embraces of the
sailors for a nail or a spike of iron, thie
women,of Lot-Choo kept themselves in a
state of i',\.mt,'.rv iii ement'-lh lc en-'
terl i;r.l tl, eir- -tana --: -i;;t-:r with iao TI'
MAILADEGs, inor any other dance or cere-
mony of an indecent kind. So far fiotn
1licseing, th,:, refused to take paymentit
uil i..h sipie- utf meat and food and me-
chia;lricl I.iliua-r they best:wved upon tlte'
British ships and crews, and exercised 'a
degreee of virtuous hospitality, 'which for
unadulterated character, unsparing abun-
danice, and perseverance unfatigued uno-
relaxed and u-ndinminisilhel\. during' six
weeks, has not its parallel in real history,
and scarcely in romance;---so far were
they from carrying on sanguinary wars,
that they possessed no such things as
weapons either for offence or defence; andtt
as to cruelty, they wereso diverse to the
exercise ofany thing resembling that vice,
that -r'hen sonme of the people of the '-hip
shot a lird, the good people entreated
them not to repeat the ac.t, telling them
they loved to see the birds fly about them,
and adding that if it was for food they
wasted them, they would supply ti ein
with abundance: ati.i they did accordingly
furnish them, gratis, with as much a- tlie
chose to ask fi)r.
* "They had rno warlike in,-.ti ment; i.f
any dhsci iptionm" says Mr. McLeod, "no
weapons offensive or defensive, and when
they I eci', t'uia cliii alHe.de t i I .) y 0old ni..t
kill .h i irds, which they said they were
pleased ivith seeing about-their housess,
adding that if they wished to get them
tnerely for,tle purpose of eating, they
w outld supply them with plenty of fowl.-
Of course'an order was given' to desist."
Far from provoking by fraud, theft,
'vrong of any kind, or duplicity, any thing
like enmity, vengeance or oppression oni
the part of the British, there did no arise
one dispute or disagreement between the
e'nrsl' e: and their strainge visitors, (lur
in-, the whole time they staid theme. On
th nciulrary every day seemed to improve
their friendship every day ih,,v gained
,,rijnul in the estimating of their I--.iMl
visitorss. They seem to be gifted with a
sortofnation'al politeness, so unrestrain-
ed and so upstudied, that there was not
a man in the ships 'who did not con-
sider the people of the Lew Chew as his
friends. A stronger proof of their cfi-
cilating manners and kindly dispositions
could not be given thin in the following
-passage hy Mr. McLleod: -
"That proud and' haughty feeling of
pationtil supernioity so strongly existing
among the comnion class of British sea-
men, which induces them to hold 'all
foreigners cheap, and to treat them with
contempt, often calling them outlandish
lubbers, in their own country, was, on'


this Island, completely subdued and
tamed, by the gentle manner and kind
behaviour of the most pacific people up-
on earth'. Although completely inter-
mixed, and often working together, both
I on shore and on board, nsot a single quar-
Srel or complaint took place on either aide,
During the wbole of our stay; oi the cup-


trary each succeeding day addrd to their
friendship and cordially.. '"
[From the Nain.i, a hiatilge-.cr, Aug IS.]
The Federal Gaz"ette,n olBaliumire.cetI-
sures the ilelay u hicI lia occurred in es-
L'cutin. tie sciiiwence ofi Lle;tLli iM the iadI
rublers cunicted in ilaat city in May. aii
impuites.it toi the refusal or neglect of the
President to sign tliat is called a death
tjarraint. It has in.t beei-i usual, we be-
here, for the Executive uf the U. States to
is'ue any such warrant in capital convic-
tiorii--ne do not at pieseiit recollect A
single caie--Mr. JeIferion,- e know, un-
itoriiv declined to do o. Indeed, it has
been but seldom nece .,iry, as the Ife-
deral court. acting in conforinity to the
practice of thie states in which they are
i.ld.generillv direct tlhe xecutLin ol'ftheir
ltn 3 entences, witllout any 'ailnction,'
froin the E::ecutive authority.
In Marvland, lonever, where capital
conviction's are executed in virtue only of
a uiarrant fuorn the governour,the judges
of the federal court conformned to lhe
state prat.tice, iand i ef-irred the execution
of tie .eeti'ence pronouricedt on the iinail
roblbers to an order froin the President,
tlho, te understandil. cnii-ciients to vipld to
uhat setins to be required hIv the Mary-
land practice., without which the sentence
u toull necessarily remain toie\eculed un-
til the next term tof the circuit court of
Mary land.

A dreadful hurricane, almost unexam-
pled in .iolernce., e understand, passed
mier the Northern Neck ot Virginia., ad
o,'liquely across thie Poionack.into Mary-
Iand, on alurdai afternoon. prostratinrl
ii iti coiuise. trees. t'eices. &c. on the
land, aindl on thei river committing inju-
rni.-r niuhi more ditres'sing. Seme al ves-
ls. ,1 aie ittnforned we re .urik, illlunngst:
tlheiii one which Va-, ca..irryin severall pas-
sen.i-.el st unii te no'. T v.ird -in t'hij city,
'ia a tit tO iit r ri'erids Lbl'ulo and
1-Whvrch, sieiv--rrfraie ITiii-rcaine approaching,
I,:ili c r toi dli arF l.r.
Fum laildi-- a,.i liir or fuse chlildrehi,
itii > werc tin tiioarl ;.lts cssel. perished
--the 'naisi:'. ot l l i" litein t'e ilave n6t
ia,'nrit--and l e f.eai nari.v i more lives
,ere i.,.-. We shall be better informed
'of thi minelancholyt occurrence by tl~e
steam Iboat,

.The New Oi lean- Chronicle gives as a
.listoftwienty st-arn boats. carrvirn, near
4.1.i0JO t1511, 1%nli.i1 trade to that port frou
the upper and adjacent country.

Elooi ei k ing'sessing,.
*''The Federal RElpiblbcaiids ol' Blockley and
Kingsessing, have closen dlie ftillouwrig conic.
r ces, to meet other; r-l' ie c.'.my. lien c1-
ied together upon business relating to th4 d,1-
-uiu" el ct ;on:
tlcl.rit.'-.- iph P,"t.els, David Hoops, Jesse
-',.,1 ^ri .'i:m .u. {'e',ig". ,i g .
A.. ~.r'* .rr'--\'it. hlil, jr. Thos. P.achall,
and J.,hn Pa-imnioc.

Dividend.
r- IIF. P'eisld,:nt al .1M inn:,-ers or the Com-
P' j inLy I'."r el:ctini ai lniilge over the river
'11 ,.-'-. li ijn, in li.i .-.iiia .f L nrcalteLr,' at
**. ,.i.r i, '. n ..I l..lun.,lia, mlJ', l-' :lrera
d i. je .l .r r 'ire:- l.ii t on cIi'shh r i u t loCk
in ;.-d, C'mnp.iy, wihchli ill b.- p:id to the
..l.l-, ori i th.-i I. il repreen lat' es af
r.-' th e -i r ,i a ...I ,t ..n,h'er nest. at their
alice dJi aig Ihour, four busltaa ...1. .
Wvm. P. Benttyv,'2
Bridge Office, Aug. 17, 1818. Treiaurer.
Aug 19-w3tcps3t

To. Printers:
I wish to dispose of,, at private'sale,
ONE Printing Press, (M'Coy's make) nearly
new, with banLk, frm and eating tough.
One fount of Englhil, ne-rkh new- 4j5 lbs.
Sirill i',a, half 'iorn 03
Brevier, nearly new. .S266 '
Octavojleads .30
Echi finilt hal; a, full comripl.-ime rit ofrccents,
four -'ri.li,- St.;-,J., thn ti en pa;r' of Cas.ss
(three pair nearly 'e,,) three me,linm Chases,
one ,J6b Chase, r' inp.:.-.n. ,,re, t;.ur Form
or Paper Boards ', I .. I;*l..-.J,-r'. Ldnu' Press-
and Plou'gh, 'Pia, S'',ii. il Pi. .. L,.ug.- Piimer.
und B.v ev.:r FIoweri-, illts, Lea.d MStiid, Coins,
l-',r ,,me, Mlle', Pi nicr, tli,'e Composing
i'c .ll A iTl. ,l .I ..e s eicI.. one
C r 1 B.i.] ., a q i ,it ';. 'i B.ass Rtule, Eiglihsl
and Brevier two line Letters, flowered and
plain, one small cast Stove.II
AJny person'. v.., aill purchase the whole
Hall have-it on i,.. '.c.te' t.ci'a. Those wiah*
ing to view the office will call on
A. J. BlocIluerist,
Aug 11-cptf No. 130, sotth Fiftli st.

In the Court of Chaincery,
1'?. the state of Delaware, held at-George
STown, in an'd for the county ofSussez of
tke Summer Term, A. D. 1818: .
W.H-1. WELLS, BurtonWaples.
Joshua Burrows. "
And aow, to'wit: this 35sfi day of Jrnly, 181s,
on, motion of complainant's'solicitor, and on a i-.
davit made, of the defendant residing oat of'
the state, it is ordered by tie chancellor, that
the defendant, Joshua Butri""'r, do appre r in
this court, anid in this ca.u'. r.n thle lirst Mon-
day of March next, and fil-: lii ansa'er, or ithe
c6mplainknits'bill filed in this cause shall be ta .
ken pro confesso; and it is further ordered
that a copy of this order be inserted within .
thirty days from this date, in the Delaware Ga-.
zette and Peninsulai'Advertiser, published in'
the Borough of Wilmington, in tliis'stite, aid
in the Un'ion for the Country, published in-the
city. of Philadelphia, and be in each of those
papers published for three months next after
its first publication. '
The state of Delaware,' .
Sutses co'iun,t~,to wit. :
1 do certify that the above isat'rue copy
of the record in the above suit.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto
(SEAL.) setnmy land and affixeddtho seal of the
Court ofChancery, at Georgetown, the
2Sth day of Julv, Anno Domini 1818.
JEHtUTS'IOKLEY,
Aug 3-cpmn. Register itt Chanery.


'Town of Baiiiridge.
A LOT in this town, 90 fAt front by 100 feet
-. situated on Second street, and fenced in,
for sale on reasonable terms, for casl, or barter.
Apply to T. S., at the ofi'< of the itniton, Nu.
67, Dockl tiiidt uly I -dl'