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New-York American, for the country
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073186/00013
 Material Information
Title: New-York American, for the country
Portion of title: New York American, for the country
Alternate title: New York American
Physical Description: 25 v. : ill. ; 53-70 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Printed for the proprietor, by J.M. Elliott
Place of Publication: New York N.Y
Creation Date: September 26, 1837
Publication Date: 1821-1845
Frequency: semiweekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- New York (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- New York County (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- New York -- New York
Coordinates: 40.716667 x -74 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the New York Public Library.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 2, no. 159 (Sept. 15, 1821)-v. 26, no. 851 (Feb. 17, 1845).
General Note: Published on Tuesday and Friday, <1825-1840>; Wednesday and Saturday, <1841>.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09313417
lccn - sn 83030019
System ID: UF00073186:00013
 Related Items
Related Items: New-York American (New York, N.Y. : 1821)
Related Items: New-York American (New York, N.Y. : 1832)
Preceded by: American, for the country
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly courier and New-York enquirer

Full Text





4


~-- ______


TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1837.


FOR THE COUNTRY.


VOL. XIX.. NO. 1667.


PUBLISHED FOR THE PROPRIETOR,
At 74 Cedar Street, between Broadway and Nassau St.
EVERY TUESDAY AND FRIDAY.
TERMS.-$4 per annum, inadvance, i f paid at the office
or sentfree of expense: or $5 at the end of the year.-
Fivedollars will be charged in all cases where a paper
is discontinued without arrearages being paid.
0- The NEW-YORK AMERICAN is also publish
DAILY at the same office, at $10 per annum. Also
three times a week, to country subscribers only, at $
per annum, payable always in advance.
*** ADVERTISEMENTS in either of the above papers.
will be inserted at the established city prices.

II I S C E CL LA N Y.

THE POETRY OF EARLY RISING.
But in speaking of the enormous value of single
days, I have, perhaps, digressed too far while show.
ing their great separate importance by their great
growing results. Every one of the days of which I
have been advocating the proper enjoyment has a
morning-(though I am much afraid that this fact
is clean forgotten by one-half the world)-not the
morning of the fashionable trifl ;rs with seasons and
with time-but the morning such as their Maker
made it when the stirs sang together for joy." It
is the morning that begins the day-not ends it-
that I am recommending to the attention of my
readers.
The poets-as they should be-have universally
been the painters and panegyrists of morning. One
slug-a-bed of a poet only has had the honesty to
confess that
Up in the morning's no' for him,
Up In the morning early :,,
the rest of the fraternity of metre-mongers, howev-
er much they loved the downy indulgence of lying
in bed, feeling that little could be said in its praise,
have had the grace to be silent; and have rather
chosen to sing the praises of" up in the morning
early," than those of" lying in bed late." Evening
-Collins's inimitable Ode to that dusky beauty
notwithstanding-has never had half the handsome
things said of her,such as have called up a bashful
virgin blush upon the already rosy face of her love-
ly younger sister, Morning.
Morning has ever had a pre-eminence in the love
of all descriptive poets; and beautiful examples
might be taken from them of the power there is in
words of painting and placing an adage or person-
ification before our minds as distinctly as any visible
thing can be presented to our eyes. Indeed, we
seem to be indebted to poetry, long previously to
painting and sculpture, for those highly-beautiful
personages of the imagination. Morning, Evening,
Noon, and Night,-the Hours-and the Seasons,
had lived, and moved, and had their being," in
verse, perhaps centuries ere they were seen stand-
ing before us in Parian marble, or on the canvass-
es or stuccoed walls of Greece and Rome. The in-
spired poets and prophets of the Jews,-the He-
siods and Homers of the Greeks,-the Virgils and
Ovids of the Romans,-the minstrels of the North,
and the sweet singers of the South, one and all,-
the rude and the refined,-had beheld with the clear
eyes of imagination those beautiful representatives
of the day and the night, those daughters of Time,
those vestal virgins who kept ever burning the altar-
fires, and ministered in the temples of the universal
Pan, and had described their beauties and tther at-
tributes. And to come to the poets who have sung
at our own doors-Chaucer was never weary of de-
scribing them ; Spenser was never happier than
when warbling in their praise ; old Gavin Douglas,
rude and obsolete as he is, was as great a master in
painting them in verse as Nicholas Poussin or Guido
was on canvass; Shakespeare, who had an eye for
every thing beautiful in Nature, delighted to paint
his favorite Morning, and has drawn her in colors
which are as bright and unfading as her own nat-
ural white and red ;" Milton, who beheld her
With that inward eye
Which is the bliss of solitude,"
(of such a lightless solitude as his,) saw
L" ---- her rosy steps, in the eastern clime
Advancing, sow the earth with orient pearls."
And he describes her.as coming from the east "with
sandals grey;" calls her the nice Morn;" and
the civil-suited Morn"-epithets perhaps which
will not be appreciated as their delicacy deserves
~[j .. d&a.L ,i~t,,CiWi,wli.i itnoiefl itnds, speaking "the
language of Milton," but how differently Drum-
mond's picture of her wants no other painting :
"--- -light doth adorn
The world, and, weeping joy, forth comes the Morn;"
Herrick-who was too coarse for love" (he might
beso, for so thought himself)-was in other
great essentials of a true poet as delicate as he was
exquisitely ingenious-he, in painting one person-
al beauty of the morning, has painted all her beau-
ties: he describes her as
The lily-wristed Morn ;"
a happy epithet, having loveliness and poetry unit-
ed. And elsewhere he depicts her as
"----the bedabbled Morn,
Washing the golden ears of corn."
Dryden, taking true old Chaucer's word for the
fact, has pointed out the earliest, if not the best,
poet of morning-no other than our old vocal
friend,
"The mounting lark, the messenger of day ;"
the ancestor lark of that very bird which you may,
if you will listen, hear warbling now at "heaven's
gate." "But when morning pleasures" (and morn-
ing poets, too, Mr' Hunt might have added,) "are
to be spoken of, the lovers of poetry who do not
what it is to be up in the morning." Dryden, with
all his learned skill in "fiddle, sackbut, and psal-


tery," and notwithstanding the labor he has be-
stowed in arranging the plain score of his mister
-for several new voices, and adding his own modern
accompaniments, is not, I am afraid, half so much
liked and listened to by the lovely lady of his matin
song as was her earliest English lover and lyrist-
homely, hearty, simple old Geoffry.
But there are other beauties, besides Morning
herself, to be seen-buxom and beautiful as she is,
and" doing your heart good" as it does to beho d
her rosy face, and, while you talk with her, taste
the fragrance of her revivifyng breath. Morning
is indeed lovely, as wiTh fawn-like leaps she springs
downward from the hills to scour along the vale.-
But she has not all the stage of this beautiful sum-
mer theatre, the world, to herself. The scenery
among which she plays her part" is old, it is not
to be denied ; the decorations are not new, but they
are annually regiltand tinted, and have almost their
original beauty; the orchestra is not enlarged, but
there are all the old well-known favorite musicians,
all ready-tuned and impatient to commence the
opening symphony of the concert advertised for the
day. If you require "choice fruit" for your re-
freshment, there it is on every side; you do not
want a bill of the play," for you know what the
drama is, and the names of the principal performers
by heart, and their persons by sight. Walk out
hidies and gentlemen, then-walk out! The
players--the players are there!" The lady-mana-
ger indulges in occasional puffs,, as all mundane
managers are accustomed to, do ; but they are by
no means nauseous-on the contrary, they are
.Agreeable : she does not, after all, say half so mu-h
in praise of her pieces and her performers as she
....I ......1A k- -#-4 ;n. ....7; a ....ri p ;11 .....


er bank, morn beautiful still ; and apparently cov-
ered witli richly shining-green velvet-no, upon
looking again, it is not velvet, but moss-Nature's
velvet, which, no doubt, suggested the velvet of
Commerce. L- y can now see, and it is
only too much gratified: had she as many eyes
as she has thoughts of wonder and astonish-
ment," they would all be employed. But I have
two other fair friends with me, C-- and
M-- ; they are not yet comfortable; not that
they are particular young persons, or lovers of the
complaining. Well, an old gentleman who will
play the partofgallant by taking three lively young
ladies to such a theatre must look to have some-
thing more to do than take places for them and hand
them to their seats. M-- complains that there
is something scratching and stirring in the earth at
her feet. I inquire into that immediately, and dis-
cover that it is only that little master Mole making
his way into the theatre by an underground passage
of his own, not affecting to come in by the usual pit
entrance-the emperors of old Rome entered the
arena in like fashion: I pledge my word that mas-
ter Mole is an extremely harmless little fellow, and
only shy, not sly ; and M-- is satisfied, and re-
sumes her seat and her composure. And now C-,
good humoredly, with her frank, open face, informs
me, and laughs the while, that somebody in the
gallery has been pelting her neat new bonnet with
nut-shells for this last half hour. Indignant, I look
up, and there is the offender right overhead, care-
lessly swinging to and fro, upon the nut-heavy
branch of a hozel-tree! It is that lively Squire
Squirrel over his dessert, and cracking and crunch-
ing away as fast as he can, that he may get rid of
his eating cares," and have nothing to do but en-
joy the play when it begins. C-- lifts up her
laughing eyas to % here the merry little fellow sits
" shelling his nuts at liberty," allows him the liberty
he takes, and, enjoying his gaiety, lets him pelt
away. "Is it you that is humming so sweetly,
L--?" for L-- has a sweet young voice of her
own. No, it is a bee, who is killing time till the
play begins by fluttering about among the fair,
much after the manner of other pit beaux: the air
he is humming is not new-it is indeed an old Greek
national melody, very fashionable once upon Hy-
mettus, and is not unfashionable here, for it is ex-
tremely pleasing iV heard in the open air among
summer bowers. My young friends, knowing
what a sweet dispositioned fellow he is when not
put out of temper, listen attentively to his cheerful
singing, and though they cannot make out the
words, they like the melody, and say they do, and
give a good reason, which is more than your com-
mon herd of critics can. But see! the curtain is
rising slowly and solemnly; and after a short sym-
phony, sparkling as sunshine, or dew-drops shaken
down from the leaves by a passinggush of air, the
opening chorus commences con spirit, and the dra-
ma for the day begins. Silence there Silence!
*
Early rising in the country is, as I have attempted
to show, healthy and fraught with delight; and it
must not be forgotten that Nature intended we
should lie down early anddrise early, as the rest of
the animal world. Animals retire at the close of
day to rest, and rise at its re-opening; they did so
at first, and they do so now--when we will let
them. Unfortunately for us, we had a genius for
invention, which they, happy creatures, had not;
and among other things which we contrived to
make to discomfort ourselves, invented that poor
but not ineffectual substitute for the sun-a candle;
and so managed to sit up when we should be a-bed,
with the ox in his pasture, the sheep in its fold, the
bird in its tree, and the bee in its hive. We have
perverted the institutions of Nature, and have
found exemptions for ourselves in the rules and re-
gulations of the society of which she is the founder
-bye-laws in her code, giving us certain privileges,
though it would be hard to bring forward the chap-
ter, or the section, or point out the page where it is
,'written that we may break her general laws with
impunity.
Eirly rising even in town is, no doubt, conducive
to health, and its delights too. Are you resident
near some vegetable and fruit and flower market-
such as that o f Covent Garden; you may find a
fresh pleasure and fresh healthk.ecen there, in e.rIly
getting up in summer time to stand idly in the
market-place," and "watch the lilies how they
grow," and all their fair sisters of the floral family
-admire the forms, beautiful colors, and gradations
of tint of fruits, and the structure and variations of
green in the humbler vegetables; enjoy their fresh-
ness, smelling of the country they have so lately
quitted, the dew of morning still sp irkling on their
leaves, and all throwing out their own peculiar
vernalscents-the breath of their lives. Even in
such a scene you may, for a moment, forget tliat
you are surrounded by men who think of nothing
but their traffic, and while you lift a reverend eye
and thought to heaven," keep theirs--thoughts and
eyes-riuidly bent on earth.
But early rising in town is no substitute for early
rising in the country, though it is good when it is
the best you can get. There are but few sights
worth seeing in London during the first hours of
day; a glance at this mighty city lying asleep un-
der the clear skies of morning, without a cloud or a
smoky stain from the furnaces which darken the
city-day, is thought-inspiring ; insensible as stone
must the heart of that man be, who can look on
and feel unmoved. You may sometimes, from the
western bridges, see the river and its shores und.r
grey, as will strikingly remind you of the beautiful
skies of Claude and Canaletti-the best parts of
their pictures-indeed, their picture s would be poor
things without them. Oh that Mr. Callcoit wowld


rise some summer morning at day break, and, plant-
ing himself on Waterloo or Westminster bridge,
see if there are not a series of pictures thereabouts
ready designed to his hand, and only requiring
transferring to canvass.
London has its scenery-its painting and its poe-
try -for what may be termed, without disparage-
ment, a London mind,-that is, a mind so consti-
tuted by education and long habit-(an education
too)--as to feel a strong interest in every thing local,
and belonging to a small spot, or to the, city. To
such a mind, the laying out of a new square, or
striking a new road through a populous quarter-
building a bridge or a palace-widening and improv-
ing an east end or a west end of the town, have as
much interest, and work upon and amuse the ima-
gination perhaps as much, as observing the vegeta-
ble growth and grandeur of an old forest or a wild
wood would interest a mind taking a greater de-
light in the green works, the natural abbeys, and
verdant temples, piled thick with the lofty columns
and verdant capitals of nature. Itis indeed amus-
ing to watch the daily lookers-on about any re-
markable work in progress in the city.
Every day, at the same hour, you will find a set
of amateur surveyors of the works punctually at
their posts on the opposite side of the way, ob-
serving how matters go on, and feeling a growing
interest in the growth ofsome old company's new hall
-a pile of new buildings for commercial purposes
-or a new street. These square-toed old fellows
are the early risers of the neighborhood, and have
an hour to spare before breakfast in picking up an
annp.tite for it. and nothing seems to whet it so


were wandering among them now ; but, recollecting
some matter of business, they turn a deaf ear to the
lark, and to the admonitions they hear within them-
selves, and some Mammon-loving chum coming
up at the moment, return to the Price-current and
the Four per cents.
Love the town, ye who are town-minded: love
the country, the comely country," as Herrick
finely calls it, ye who are sylvan-minded, and love
" the rural joy," and the pastoral melancholy,"-
for there is a melancholy in its beauty and its
sweetness. Oh, let the violet-eyed Morning see
me her earliest worshipper! Let the lark warble
his gushing gratitude in my ear, and draw my eyes
from tee ground, and, with them, my soul and its
thoughts upwards! Let the bee wind around me
by the woodside; and the robin see me stand to
look at him-" the bird which man loves best,"-
and feel unafraid of me! Let the nightingale-
singing in the mornings and evenings of June-
know that a lover of his passionate song is listen-
ing, all eatr," to him ; and let the blackbird whis-
tle in the hawthorn at my side, and pause when I
approach him, but, confiding in my gentleness, re-
sume his careless joy! Let the April rain fly over
me, and fall upon me like the dew on the head of
H, rmon; and the struggling sunbeams strike
through the clouds, and pour their sudden flood of
sunshine into my eyes, and through them, light up
and warm the darkness anI the coldness of my
heart! Let me watch the smoothing wind whiten-
ing over the fields as it wings along; and let my
eyes glitter as they behold the diamond sparkle of
the nimonlit waters. Let the dusty-smelling show-
er come cooling along the sultry-spreading common;
and let the delicious breaths of a thousand wild
flowers fall freshly and fragrantly upon the pleas-
ant air. Let the daisies-the children's and child-
like Chaucer's daisies-the humble brethren flow.
ers of the ennobled daisy of Burns-let them glit-
ter in my path like golden-faced stars with silvery
rays; and let the kingcups lift up their golden
bowls, when the sun has not yet drained them of
their dewy wine! Let the serpent-rolling river
play at my feet, lick them with cool tongue, and
harmlessly recoi ing, glide silently away Let me
stand awed but fearless, when the thunder storm,
that elemental war, rages around me; and when
cloud strikes at cloud, and the strong concussion
shakes the heavens and the earth, and the lightning
glances momently about me, but hurts me not, nor
makes me feel afraid, let my silence praise Him
who speaks in the thunder, and looks upon his
world in the lightning! Let the darkness slowly
shadow me with its wings, when lone wandering in
the silence and serenity of evening, while yet the
parting glory of the day is shining in my mind-
not dark, though all is darkening round me; and
let the bat wheel suddenly about me in the wood-
land paths, and startle me not; and the wood-owl
hoot and thrill me with no superstitious terror! Let
that preacher of peace to the heart, Nature, in her
seeming rest and slumber-like tranquillity, speak to
me, and find me an attentive listener, and let the
many voices not audible in the noisy hours of the
day speak through the silence of evening, and make
their way into my soul. When the flagging clouds
are weary of their way, and rest like tired eagles
on the hills, let my spirit rise, renewed with rest,
and soar beyond them, up to heaven; and return
laden with joy, and happy in its lowly home on earth!
Let the solemn shadows of night overshadow
me, and spread no melancholy gloom and darkness
on my mind, still meditating on the thankful lark's
sweet evening song, so lately heard ; and let me
hear him still as plainly as if singing, though he is
silent, and sleeping on the dewy ground. Let the
silence of the fields-as beautiful as music-speak
audibly to my heart, and find it listening, and full
of understanding; or, if any sound louder than
the blind beetle's hum, the gnat's small minstrel-
sy," or the quiet dropping of the dew from leaf to
leaf, breaks the deep stillness-the "syncope and
solemn pause"-let it ba the warbling voice of Po-
esy, "singing a quiet tune." Let my failing eyes
look clearly upon the beauty of the stars-" the
poetry of heaven"-and visibly and reverently see
the holy and the mighty Hand which hung them
in the air in the first night and star-diminished
da'cknesa of the day uf the creation ot' ail things,
and now upholds and guides them truly and stea-
dily in their unerring course. Let my spiritual
eyes pierce through the blanket of the dark," and
behold the unwasted and the undying glories of the
world beyond this visible diurnal sphere." And,
finally, let my last thoughts before I sleep be full of
thankfulness and silent praise ; and tired nature's
sweet restorer, b.ilmy sleep," alight upon my weary
brain as snow falls down on snow, and lap me
in unconsciousness." So let me live-so let me
die; and I shall not have lived in vain.
THE DEATHS OF ENGLISH KINos.-William the
First died from enormous fat, from drink, and the
violence of his passions. William Rufus d~ed the
death of the poor stags which he hunted. Henry
the First died of gluttony, having eaten too much
of a dish of lampreys. Stephen died in a few days
of what was called the illiac passion, which we sup-
posemay be a royalword for prussic acid, or some-
thing like it. Henry theSecond died of a broken
heart, occasioned by the bad conduct of his children.
A broken heart is a very odd complaint for a mon-
arch to die of. Perhaps "rats' bane in porridge"
meant the same thing as broken heart. Richard
Ceur de Lion died like the animal fi'omr which his
John died nobody knows how, but it is said of cha-
grin, which we suppose is another term fb la dose of
hellebore. Henry III. is said to have died "a natu-
ral death," which with kings, and in palaces, means
the most unnatural death by which a mortal can
shuffle off his mortal coil." Edward the First is
hikewisesaid tohave died of a '" natural sickness," a


sickness which it would puzzle all the colleges of
physicians to nominate. Edward the Second was
most barbarously, indecently murdered by ruffians
employed by his own mother and her paramour.-
Edward the Third died of dotage, and Richard the
Fourth is said to have died of fits caused by un-
easiness," and uneasiness in palaces at those times
was a very common complaint. Henry the Fifth is
said to have died of a painful affection, prema-
turely." This is a courtly phrase for getting rid of
a king. Oh that the glorious hero of Agincourt
should have been got rid of by the priests by a
painful affliction prematurely." Henry the Sixth
died in prison, by means known then only to his
'ailor, and known now only by Heaven. Edward
the Fifth was strangled in the Tower by his mncle
Richard Ihe Third, whom Hume declares to have
possessed every quality for'government. This Rich-
ard the Third was killed in battle, fairly of course,
for all kings were killed fairly or died naturally, ac-
cording to the court circulars of those days. Hen-
ry the Seventh wasted away, as a miser ought to
do, and Henry the Eighth died of carluncles, fat,
and fury, whilst Edward the Sixth died of a de-
cline. Queen Mary, the most heartless, or the
most bloody hearted of wretches, is said to have
died of a broken heart," whereas she died of a
surfeit from eating too much of black puddings,
her sanguinary nature being prone to hogs' blood,
or blood of any sort. Old Queen B ss is said
to have died of melancholy from having sacri-


thor would not have obtained a .ntagjandth part of
the reputation the poem has procured him, although
its literary merit would have been nearly as great.

DELMONICO'S NEW AND MAGNIFICENT ESTAB-
LISHMENT was opened for the view of the public
yesterday, and visited by vast numbers.
The excellence of the cookery and wines at Del-
monico's former house in William street had made
him known as a restaurant, far and near.
The unsparing fire of December, 1835, swept
away his house, his wines, and all that pertained to
a large and liberal, and liberally supported restaura-
teur.
But the fire consumed not the enterprise and
spirit of the men, and they have now come forth
with what, in really modest phrase-as all who
visit it will say-is a "new and magnificent" house,
and all that can make such a house acceptable to
the public.
It is situated on the tongue of land formed by
Beaver street (now extended through to Pearl
street) and Mill street, and has a front of about 100
feet on one, and'60 feet on theother street. It is a
brick building, four stories high, handsomely ce-
mented, and terminating in a circle at the intersec-
tion of the two streets. At this point is the main
entrance, which leads to two large dining rooms of
the first floor, flagged with marble, spacious, light
and airy. That on Beaver street is long, and, as
compared with the other on Mill street, which is
a splendid apartment, somewhat narrow.
Above are apartments ofsimilarsize, to which the
ascent is by a handsome circular stairway of black
walnut oiled-the floors of these apartments'are in
a sort of Mosaic, composed of mahogany, n.aple,
and black walnut, oiled like the stairs-and having
the gloss, almost without the slipperiness-a dan-
gerous quality where much good cheer is doubtless
to be enjoyed-of the waxed floors so common in
the French Hotels. These too are public rooms,
capable of accommodating great numbers, and fur-
nished in the best taste.
Above, the space is divided into smaller parlors,
calculated for private parties-each complete in it-
self and in its furniture of cutlery, china, &c.
Not the least interesting part of the establish-
ment is that under ground, including the kitchen,
bakery, wash-rooms, &c., the immense range of
vaults under the streets, extending 180 feet in length
-and all communicating-and the wine cellar,
where between 16 and 20,000 bottles of wine, of
all the French and German varieties, are so stowed
away, that an adept may in the dark put his hand
precisely on Ite bottle required, without moving
any other one.
The house is built on arches, and as a security
against fire, there are immense cisterns at top, com-
municating with each story by pipes to which a
hose, ready for the emergency, may be instantly
screwed, and water be thrown to or over any part
of the building.
Altogether, this is one of the most convenient,
best arranged, and handsomely furnished public
houses we have ever seen. It is at once, evidence
of taste and liberality on the part of the proprie-
tors the brothers Delmonico, to have ventured upon
so large an expenditure-and of their confidence
which will, we are persuaded be justified by the
event-in the continued support of the public.
The house is opened to day-for regular business
--:;,, cpan y tliar-ct, .ie ,, ,1 p.Sl f"'-idUt tnd some,
few others attended a rehearsal yesterday, which
went off very agreeably.
We copy from the Express a notice'of this meet-
ing, which only lacks, to be complete, some allu-
sion to the ample share which the representatives
of that paper contributed tu the good fellowship of
the occasion.
After stating that the .lmerican presided-the
Express continues:
There was a duett of "Stars"-the Senior Edi-
tor happy and jolly, the best of men as usual, and
the Junior Editor, who acted as linguist on the oc-
casion-and when the worthy Chairman was called
upon for a little of all the languages of the earth,
the Editor of the XNolicioso de .dmbos Mundos, a
Spanish paper here, gave us a speech in Spanish, in
honor of our host. A volume of French was served
up by the Chairman also. The Editor of the Al-
bion was upon the spot, and in a well-timed speech
told as how, as the Editor of a British newspaper
in New York, he had sought to cultivate friendship
and peace. The ghost of our neighbors of the
Journal of Commerce answered in cold water to
a toast for them; and the Editor of theCommercial
being called for. somebody aaid he was magnetted
away. The Courier and Enquirer, the Mercantile
Advertiser, the Evening Post, and Daily News,
were represented, and each and all gave toasts. Mr.
Russel, the vocalist, enlivened the table with his


voice, all melody, in some of his richest sonzs,-
and with much of Music, English and Italian, and
more of speeches, in a little of all the languages,
and hundreds of jokes, and thousands of bon mots,
one of tl* happiest of evenings has passed away.
Mr. Jones, of the Theatre, told many capital sto-
ries, and Mr. Russel aided him. The wines were
superb. The best of feeling prevailed, and the
evening passed off agreeably, so that all will be
glad when "we shall meet again."

TuE GOVERNOR OF MASSACHUSETTS in his ca-
pacity as Commander in Chief of the militia, has
issued the following general orders, in relation to
the highly censurable conduct of certain corps of
militia, in leaving their parade ground. The tone
and language of these orders are excellent, and the
compliment to the Montgomery Guards is alike
just and manly.
OFFICIAL1
Commonwealth of .Massachusetts.
HEAD QUARTERS, Boston, Sept. 16, 1837.
GENERAL ORDERS.
The Commander-in-chief has learned from offi-
cers on duty at the Brigade Inspection and Review
in Boston, on the 12th instant, that, on the forma-
tion of the line of the Light Infantry Regiment, the
non-commissioned officers and privates of the City
Guards, under the command of a Sergeant, left the
field in disobedience to the orders of their superior
ciffR r n-i iqnd i ri P r)fl tlnn atio nof mitir* tiai.nline -


at their posts;-and his warm approbation of the
exemplary behaviour of the Montgomery Guards, I
under the trying circumstances in which they were h
placed in the course of theday.
The Commander in Chief desires to impress it
upon the minds of the Militia, as their first duty in
time of peace, to contribute in every way prescribed s
or authorized by law, to the preservation of the a
public order and peace. Any act of a contrary
tendency on their part will be doubly pernicious, t
and will be regarded as in the highest degree repre- S
sensible, by all good citizens. He feels entire con- s
fidence that the duties imposed by law, in reference
to an occurrence of such high and painful moment,
will be faithfully discharged, by all the field and a
company officers to whom they pertain ; -and that
the feelings and conduct of all of' every rank com- t
posing the brigade will be such as to restore the
public confidence in the Militia, as a safe depend-
ence for the protection of the peace of the commu- (
nity and of the Authority of the Laws. I
By order of the Commander in Chief. (
H. A. S. DEARBORN, Adjutant General.
[For the .New York Amnerican.1
STEAM NAVIGATION.
It is twenty years since the practicability of navi- ,
gating the ocean by steam was proved, in a voyage i
from the United States to Russia. A project then t
formed for establishing Steam Packets between N.
York Ahd Liverpool was abandoned, from an idea' t
that the quantity of fuel would leave no space for '
cargo. It was imagined that the ship must be com- (
pletely equipped and rigged as a sailing vessel, be-
sides having the machinery, engineers and firemen
required for the steam department. The number t
of passengers it was thought would be inadequate
to their expenses.
It is now hardly to be doubted that Steam Pack-
ets across the Atlantic would find ample support.-
The steamboat Massachusetts arrived in this city
a few days ago from Rhode Island, with 380 pas-
sengers, all of whom were accommodated with
mattresses and clean bed linen in that excellent ves-
sel. Tne number of passengers between New
York and Rhode Island at present, in a single week,
is greater than the amount of travel between those
places in a whole year, previous to the employment
of steam.
A similar increase may be anticipated from the
use of steam across the Atlantic. Individuals could
make the voyage to England, attend personally to
their concerns, and be back in New York within
the compass of a month.
The expense of a steam ship need not surpass
that of our present magnificent packets to Liver-
pool and Havre, while the vessel might be rendered
more capacious and commodious. It should have
the length of our largest ships of war, and the
breadth may be greater; but the depth may be
much less.
Sailing vessels move by the opposing impulse of
wind and water, and require depth of keel to balance
the power of their sails. Steam vessels contain and
generate their own propelling power, and exact no
greater depth than is required for the accommoda-
tion of the passengers. The length of the vessel
relieves it from tossing. The breadth, including its
paddle wheels, prevents it from rolling. The pas-
sengers are thus protected from sea sickness.
I am told by persons who have voyaged in the
Lexington, one of our fastest steamboats, that the
vessel has been made narrow and sharp, for the pur-
pose of swiftness-but that the shock produced by
her uneasy rolling in a rough sea is very distress-
ing. Captains of vessels are apt to imagine that
what is good enough for them is good enough for
others. They boast that habit has accustomed
them to the movement, and that the construction of
the vessel may make all the difference to a lands-
man, between a voyage of pleasure and a course of
painful and disgusting indisposition.
I annex notices from the latest English papers of
present tceol otinL-t.iunJ. a IL is a subJemt Of gi'eal
and general interest. AN OBSERVER.
[From the Railway Magazine.]
A STEAMER, upwards of 200 feet long, was late-
ly launched at Bristol, for plying between England
America ; but the one now building for the Ameri-
can Steam Navigation Company, surpasses any
thing of the kind hitherto made. She is to be
named after our Queen, the Victoria, will cost from
80,0001. to 100,0001., and is expected to be finish d
in November next. The extreme length is about
253 feet, but she is 237 feet between the perpendicu-
lars,40 1-3 feet beam between the paddle-boxes,and
27 feet 1 inchl deep,from the floor to the under side of
the spar deck. The engines are two, of250-horse
power each, with 6 feet 4 inch cylinders, and 7 feet
stroke. They are to be fitted with Hall's patent
condensers, in addition to the common ones. She
displaces, at 16 feet deep, 2,740 tons of water her
computed tonnage is 1,800 tons. At the water line
every additional inch displaces 18 1-2 tons. The
average speed is expected to be 200 nautical miles
per day, and consumption of coal 30 tons. The best
Welsh coal is to be used. It is calculated she will
make the outward voyageto New York in eighteen
days, and the homeward in twelve, consuming 540
tons of coal out, and 360 home.
STEAMING.-A Russian steamer leaves Constan-
tinople for Odessa, on the 20th of each month.
Charge 22 dollars. This route, and thence by way
of Hamburgh, is the most expeditious and econo-
mical way of reaching England.
For the conveyance of travellers going to Persia,
an English steamer has been for some time running


from Constantinople to Trebizond, at the beginning
and middle of each month. The distance is 530
miles, and the fare 30 dollars. An Austrian steam-
er, however, having been built and placed
upon this station in May, 1837, the passage will
now be probably made one' a week, and at a re-
duced charge.
A steamboat, (the Maria Dorothea,) leaves
Constantinople for Smyrna every Monday, at five
o'clock, and makes the voyage in thirty-six hours.
An English steamer, the Crescent, proceeds on the
same voyage in thirty hours. The charge fur a
passage in either boat is 13 dollars, including pro-
visions. To visit the plains of Troy and the ruins
of Assos, the traveller should take his place in the
Maria Dorothea only to Mytilene, in the Darda-
nelles, where he will be landed on the morning of
the day after leaving Constantinople; and having
explored these classic spots, he may, on the follow-
ing morning, take the Crescent steamer, which will
have arrived in the Dardanelles.
The Levant steamer, which has hitherto run be-
tween Smyrna and Athens twice a week, making
the voyage in about forty-eight hours, at a charge
of 20 dollars for the passage, has been discontinued
for some months, in consequence of a dispute with
the Greek Government ; but there is no doubt that
several other steamers are by this time on the sta-
tion.
The Ionian steamers leave Corfu for Zinte on
the 8th and 26th of each month, and return on the
1Q,h ,anrd9Qth The rharo e ia r21. th vonva'p he -


CLIMATE OF ST. CRoix.-The following article
has been lying on our table several weeks. It is,
however, always in time, we presume.
[For the .New York. American.]
A few days ago I noticed in the American a very
seductive article respecting the climate of St. Croix,
nd simultaneously with it, appeared another from
he Rev. Mr. Tuckerman, in the Boston Medical
& Surgical Journal. I am especially inclined to
end you this communication, by the circumstance
of the latter having appeared under the sanction of
I name of high authority in medicine.
It is not my purpose to enter into a discussion of
his subject. I shall content myself with stating
he results which have been obtained by the most
enlightened medical inquirers. This may be done
by a short extract from a late author of the highest
celebrity, Dr. James Clarke.*
"The mortality from consumption," says Dr.
Clarke, is greater in the West Indies than any
other station, and least at the Cape of Good Hope
and theEist Indies. The great prevalence of con-
sumption in the West Indies I consider one of'the
nost remarkable results of my researches. It con-
irms, in a striking manner, the opinion I gave in
another work on the injurious effects of that climate
on consumptive-patients sent there from this coun-
try.f The general mortality is also greater in the
West Indies than on any other station, with the ex
exception of the west coast of Africa."
I may also say, it is the result of critical inquiry
by European physicians, that the climate of Ma-
deira is not inferior to that of the Cape of Gocd
Hope in its adaptation to Phthisical patients. The
excessive heat of the West Indies is also considered,
in itself, an insuperable objection.
Very few Europeans visit the West Indies for
the improvement of health. The migration thither
is almost confined to Americans, who are too little
inclined to profit by the experience of others.
MEDICS.

A Treatise on Pulmonary Consumption, p.
156. London, 1835.
f Influence of Climate, p. 115, &c.

[For the New York .American.
SIR JOHN HERSCHEL AND THE MOON HOAX.-
Every one must recollect the great Astronomical
hoax played off in the United States in 1835, as-
cribing to Sir John Herschel, then at the Cape of
Good Hope, amazing discoveries in the Moon, by
means of a lens of glass 24 feet in diameter, with a
magnifying power of 42000 times; with curious
details of the productions and animals, and human
inhabitants of that planet.
This supposititious narrative was copied into some
of the journals of New York and Albany, beating
the title of Advertiser, with high eulogies, immor-
taliaing Sir John for this grand addition to our stock
of knowledge. It was gravely translated into cer-
tain of the Paris Journals, and re-translated from
them into the English Gazettes, producing groat
amazement and great merriment among the big
wigs of the scientific world. The following letter
from Sir John Herschel will show that the account
was transmitted to him, and that his philosophy
was not ruffled by the employment of his name in
this piece of erudite waggery. P. P. P.
Extract of a Letter from Sir J. Herschel to M.
.lrago.-Captain Hall has had the kindness to con-
tribute to my amusement by sending me the differ-
ent journals, containing the history of my pretended
discoveries in the moon, and also some remarks,
an.onRg has not forgotten to inform me of your friendly ea-
gerness in trying to undeceive the good people of
Paris on this head; and I beg of you to accept my
sincere thanks for your kind offices, although, to
confess the truth, I must regret that such precious
moments as yours should have been so employed.
Since there are people silly enough to believe every
extravagant tale which is set before them, we ought
to hope that these tales may be as harmless as that
now in question--[the assertions of M. Nicolet re-
specting Sir John's discoveries in the moon]-
and under all circumstances I am not disposed
seriously to complain of any thing which has
recalled me to your recollection, and made you
my champion. I
am sure you will be interested in learning that I
have here been favored with a longand beautiful ex-
hibition of (he comet on its return from the sun. It
was in sight from the 24th of January till the 5th of
May. In its passage from its perhelionit must have
bhen seen with great difficulty in Europe, for
its physical aspect was quite changed. For a long
time it had no tail ; the parabolic envelope of the
head was formed with such astonishing rapidity that
its visible volume was more than doubled in the
space of 24 hours. I may say, without exaggeration,
that I saw it augment, for on the morning of the
26th January, on repeating my micrometric obser-
vations of the well defined parts, after an interval of
three hours, I found an increase in its linear dimen-
sions equal to a sixth part of the whole. This ex-
traordinary dilatation continued, and the paraboloid
became so large and lustreless that it at length en-


tirely disappeared, leaving only the nucleus and the
tail of the star. Another, and a singular peculiar-
ity, was the existence of a very small interior comet,
having a head and tail complete-its nucleus was
that of the general mass. This cometic nucleus dil-
ated less rap dly than the envelope, and, at the end
of the period of being visible, the tail itself became
imperceptible.--[ Athenaeum.]

EGYPTIAN COTTON.-A specimen of cotton from
the Eyptian seed, brought to Georgia last spring
ty Co!. W. C. Dawson, raised by Major W. P.
Dearmond, of this city, has been handed to us for
our inspection. The staple is pronounced by com-
petent judges to be very fine, and valuable on ac-
count of its 1. ngth. Should this cotton not degen-
erate by becoming acclimated, it will be a most
valuable acquisition. Egyptian cotton commands
in the Liverpool market a price midway between
Sea Island and Upland.--[Augusta Courier.]

TAILORESSES WANTED.--The Massachusetts
Spy of Sept. 13, contains several advertisements
from different towns for Tailoresses, viz: a number
are wanted at Hudson's clothing manuractory, in
Stourbridge; and by Thomas Kimberly, Jr., in
Grafton ; and O~is Twichell, in Brookfield, all in
the county of Worcester, Mass. No doubt there
are other places in the country, where employment'
could be obtained for many persons of this class,
now stated to be out of employment in this city.
Employment is at all times better than charity as a
means of subsistence. The approaching winter
,.nt lh. a ,,,,n Or ,nvr, B, iin f rn-i fl en In t no l,


SFrom the Churchman.]
ST. LuKE's FPMALE SCHOOL.-As the fall term
of this school has commenced, we take occasion to
say that the school is under the patronage of the
rector of St. Luke's, and is favorably regarded by
those who have patronized it. During the last
season it was flourishing; and, under the charge of
Miss Phelps, its present amiable and well-qualified
principal, will continue, we doubt not, to give great
satisfaction.
A friend, conversant with the fact, says-" The
Misses Phelps are nieces of Mrs. If ilard, of Troy,
-educated by her as teachers, and eminently quali-
fied for their office. They have succeeded, and are
succeeding admirably, but really deserve more no-
tice."

SUPREME CouRT.-At the Supreme Court held
in this town last week by Judge Wilde, five cases
were tried and verdicts in the same returned by the
jury.
Heavy Damages--Caution to Towns.-A. Han-
num and Wife vs. Town of Belchertown. Also,
A. Hannum vs. same.--These were actions on the
case, for injuries sustained hy the upsetting of a
wagon in a travelled road in Belchertown. through
a defect, as alleged, in such road ; in the first case,
'br the injury to the wife of the plaintiff, A. H in.
num, whereby her leg was dislocated, and badly
broken, and she was otherwise much injured, ren-
dering her, as supposed, a cripple for life; in the
second case, for the injury, comparatively sight, to
a child of the plaintiff, occasioned by the same ac-
cident. Both actions depenpdng on the same prin-
ciples and facts, were by consent tried toge her.
The ground of defence was, that the road was not
out of repair, or if it was, that the accident did not
happen in consequence of such defect, but through
carelessness of driving; and much evidence on
these points was introduced on the one side and the
other. The trial occupied more than two days.
The jury rendered a verdict for the plaintiff in both
actions-damages in the one $1170--the other $30.
These being doubled by the statute, make the
round sum of $2400! Add to this the costs and
fees of counsel, and probably the amount will not
fall short of $3000-a pretty severe rebuke to the
town for its alleged negligence '-[Springfield Ga-
zette.]


POSTSCRIPT.
Half past one o'clock.
BY EXPRESS MAIL.
(From our Correspondent.)
WASHIrNGTON, Sept. 21.
Florida War.
In the Senate this morning, Mr. Wright reported,
from the Committee on Finance, a bill proposing
to appropriate $1,600,000, which was read a first
time, and ordered to a second reading.
Mr. McKean presented a memorial from the city
and county of Philadelphia remonstrating against
the admission of Texas into the Union. Mr. Mor-
ris also presented a memorial of a like character.
Both documents were laid on the table.
Mr. Smith addressed the Senate at great length
against the Sub-Treasury scheme, as did also Mr.
Strange, who is now speaking, in favor of it.
In the House, Mr. Thomas, Chairman of the
Judiciary Committee, reported a resolution to the
House, to the effect that the Committee deemed it
inexpedient to report a bill authorizing a Bankrupt
Law, during the Special Session.
On the resolution of Mr. Wise, in relation to the
Florida War, being called up, a warm debate arose.
Mr.lMuhlenburgh of Penn. undertook to defend
Dutee J. Pearce, and intimated that had the latter
been present when the observations fell from Mr.
Wise yesterday, the' latter would have received a
Rowland for his Oliver, and a red hot cannister shot
from Pearce's big gun.
Mr. Wise replied with much vehemence, and re-
peated the charges made yesterday, as to the report
of the majority of the Committee having been fab-
ricated by Hallett, the scavenger from Boston, and
from materials furnished by Pearce himself, and
Mr. Mann of New York. He called,on Mr. Lin-
coln, of Mass., to prove that Pearce had himself
admitted the fact. Mr. Lincoln replied in the
affirm itive.
Mr. Wise laughed at the idea of what Pearce
might say, as not even a worm could be afraid of
such a man. But he would say that if Pearce
were present, and replied in his usual bullying man-
ner, the only alternative he should have, would be
to resort to a good horsewhip. The debate was
continued until the House went into Committee on
the Deposite bill:

RS. OKILL will be prepared for the reception of her
L5 pupils on Wednesday 13th of September.
August30th, 43 Barclay street, au 30 4wd&c
B/ Retire from an extensive business in the vicinity of
New York, together with the good will of his practice.
For the particulars snd terms, reference may be made
to Dr. J. Kearny Rodgers, No. 362 Broadway, from 8 to 9
in the morning, or from 8 to.5 in the afternoon.
slt2 4tisd&2tsw*
LOR SALE.-The subscribers offer for sale, at the
Cornwall Cotton Factory, Orange county, N. York,
23 eighteen inch Cotton Cards, 11 Breakers, 12 Finishers,
with clothing, 3 Waltham Speeders, 20 spindles each, 2
Drawing Frames, 5 heads each; also, a variety of other
second hand machines.


ma26 ctf SAMUEL TOWNSEND &CO.
Db URHAM BULL FOR SALE.-A full blood impro-
ved Short Horn, of John Hare Powell's stock, got
by his imported Bull Memnon out of Jessica (raised by
him) by Malcom out of the imported Cow Volant, so noted
for her milking properties.
Sir Harry is six years old, color roan, of superior size
and form, is perfectly gentle and orderly, and a light
coverer. His stock is good, as may be set n at the farm of
Charles Henry Hall, (of whom I bought him,) or at mine.
I purpose to breed frora a Calf of his, crossed with some
Devonshire blood, and having use for but one, is the sole
reason for offering him at the low price of $75-and if
desired, will deliver him in New York, accidents ex-
cepted. ROBERT WHITE, Ja.
Rumsom Neck, Shrewsbury. N.J., Smo. 19. au23 StC
FARM IN ORANGE COUNTY FOR SAtE
i -A farm situated in the township of New Wind-
4I sor, in the county of Orange, about 12 miles in a
southwesterly direction from Newburgh, and in
the neighborhood of the residence of Gen. James Clinton,
deceased, containing 132 acres, well proportioned tor
plough, pasture, meadow and woodland, the whole of
which is of a superior quality and in a high state of culti-
vation-upon which are a good frame ldweiling with a con-
venient kitchen adjoining, the whole recently repaired from
the foundation-a wagon house and two barns, one of
which was built in 1835. being 54 by 28 feet. The premises
are well watered by several springs an. a running brook
which passes between the house and barns
For further particulars inquire of Messrs. Miller and
Dill, No. 61 John street, in the city of New York, or to the
ubscriber on the promises. JOSEPH J. HOUSTON.
s 7 lawd&Iawc2m
P RIVATE'TUITION -The Rev W. R. HARRIS
receives into his family twelve pupils, of A hose
English. Classical, and Religious Education, preparatory
to their admission into College, he takes the chOrge In


_ I _IIL---_ _I 1_1 III---IC-LBIL-- DC--- I-sL I-I


IA- l k1ll

^^^^ ^(^^


Al


I


I sl (










NEW TORIK AIERWICAN.
SATURDAY EVENING, rPTEMBER 23, 1837.
Office, 74 Cedar street, ttbo doors from Broadway.

REVIEW OF THE WEEK.
A DISCOURSE PRONOUNCED AT SCHENECTADY
before the New York Alpha of the Society of
Phi Beta Kappa. 25th July, 1837. By D. D.
BARNARD. Albany : Hoffman 4f White.-We
rejoice in this discourse, as a well-timed, bold and
manly declaration of principles and unfolding of
duties, by a faithful adherence to which, our
political future can alone be prosperous and peace-
ful.
Mr. Barnard, whom several previous addresses
have introduced with favor to the reading and re-
flecting public, thus opens his theme:
The two great events in human history since the
Christian era, are the Reformation aud the Ameri-
can Revolution. Though the immediate objects of
these movements were diverse, their effects on the
character, condition and prospects of mankind have
been nearly identical. Their tendencies and their
actual workings have been much the same. In
both cases, fetters were broken-burthens were
-lifted off-light was let in where light had never
come before-men were visited with a breathing
time, and a time of vision, and a time of intellectual
expansion-they stood erect where before they had
been bowed and broken-they walked forth with a
free step, and a lofty brow, and a raised eye, where
before they had been cabined, and confined and
hooded-theroewas a sudden and a wide-spread
illumination, as of lightning in the night-time out
of the brooding heavens, and men who had
wandered till then, saw their position and their
path, and read the inscriptions on the finger-boards
at the forks of the highways, whilst the Powers of
Darkness: and the Powers of the Prince of this
World were staggered and scattered, if they did
not utterly fall, before the bolts and blasts which
burst and broke around and in the midst of them.
The results of both these movements, have been
felt and exhibited in our own country, more
completely than any where else. It is in this
country, that the new experiments, to which the
human mind has been stimulated since these
events, have been chiefly made-experiments in all
the economy of ife-in systems of government-
in religious policy-and in the entire frame and
constitution of general society. And it is
universally conceded, both here and every where,
by persons of all parties and principles in politics,
of all sects in religion, and of all orders and ranks
in all kinds of communities, where any thing is
known of the subject, that, in this country, and in
our time, the process is going on by which the
great question must be determined, whether the
affairs of men are henceforward to be conducted
after the new methods, or whether they must return
sooner or later to the old-whether men are to be
men,' or to be brutes-whether we shall be men,
having attained their legal majority, and come
into possession of their own estates with ability
and prudence enough for the management of them,
or whether they must always be children, and live
under perpetual guardianship-whether as a race
they shall rise to and maintain the cultivation and
dignity of which human riature is demonstrably
capable, or whether, having struggled up from a
condition of deep humiliation, they have attained at
length a happy elevation, only, however, to pass
rapidly on and descend to a yet lower deep, as if
it were a passage from a sunken gorge on one side
of a lofty Alp over to a darker and yet more pro-
found abyss on the other.
It is said that men, when standing on dizzy
heights, as on the edge of some fearful cliff, of such
dread summit that, from its base,
The murmuring surge,
"That on the unnumber'd idle pebbles chafes,
Cannot be heard so high-"
have been known to be suddenly moved by a
strange desire, an inward and fatal impulse, to
throw themselves headlong down. What thus
happens to individuals, appears also to occur to
communities and nations which have attained a
high moral and political elevation. After having
toiled up the steep with a resolved and patient step,
conquering all difficulties and discouragements,
and gathering strength and virtue with every
advance, having just gained the height, they seem
to pause for a moment, to take in the enchanting
prospect, and draw one breath of the free, pure air
of the mountain top, and are then ready and eager,
as blind Gloater was, but with a surer effort,
to plunge over the precipice. We are not
without examples of the sort in history; land
\ it becofmesus, who are witnesses of an instance of
ti-e-highest advance in general cultivation and min
political and moral freedom which man has ever
yet made, to watch with some solicitude for the
symptoms of that sudden and strange madness
which has been known to seize other persons and
other nations in like cases, that at least we may be
prepared to make one humane and gracious effort
toarrest the distemper, and avert a catastrophe
which, ifit do come, must be the most melancholy
and fatal of all.
For myself, I believe that such symptoms are
already manifesting themselves in the midst of us;
and, for once, surely as I know how ungracious an
office it is, and how inauspicious, nay fatal to per-
sonal popularity, I would be an alarmist. I think
I see cause why every friend of his country, and
every friend of humanity, should be alarmed.-
And if our Sovereign, which is the people, will not
submit to receive truth and. counsel, unless, like


King Adrastus, under a decree of immediate exe-
cution to be done on whomsoever shall venture into
his presence for the purpose, still I say, let the voice
be heard-and let more than one Ion be found of
courage to pass the guards, though warned that
" if he persists, he dies," and standing before the
dreaded front even of such majesty, tell him of his
follies and his crimes, and proclaim to him,
the eternal law, that where guilt is
Sorrow shall answer it.',
Pursuing the idea here developed of the peculiar
duties incident to our peculiar position and institu-
tions, the speaker enters into an examination of
motive and conduct as applied to politics among
us,-arguing very clearly that if these be unsound,
there can be no soundness elsewhere.
We would gladly take in the whole argument,
but our limits forbidding that, we must content
ourselves with this extract, in reference to the great
and dangerous political heresy, that the representa-
tive must reflect exactly the opinions and follow
in all things the caprice of his constituents.
In the first place, it is clear enough, if it be es-
tablished that the high functionaries of government
have no more to do,but only to execute the expressed
will of the constituency-to obey specific instruc-
tions-to search diligently to know what may be
the pleasure of the people for the time being, and,
when found, perform it to the letter-that a very
moderate share of ability will always suffice for so
modest a service, and to employ more would be
nothing less than a shameful waste of that com-
modity, if indeed it were not positively dangerous
to do so. Heretofore it has been thought, in all the
world, wheresoever governments have been known,
among savage and civilized, a sarcastic saying to
the contrary notwithstanding, that not a little wis-
dom can really be very creditably employed, not to
insist on its necessity, in the conduct of public af-
fairs. And in proportion as a nation is numerous,
widely extended, advanced in knowledge and the
practice of the arts, is commercial and has a compli-
cation of business and political relations, domestic
and foreign, it would seem that talent might not on-


iiut though it ni L t be tr that oiir efitmaieo he game is no game to him, only as it istaken in
of this employment i 'yet so extremely low I yet, the chase. There is then excitement in it; he en-
if our political predilections prevail, the time can- joys the hazards even. He expects a heavy fall
not be very distant when that estimate will be low- now and then; and he does not mind occasionally
er than we now can tell. How can it be other- coming out of an encounter with a gored and lacer-
wise ? At present our faith is-at least we say so ated reputation. He is a man of whom he does
-that all wisdom as well as all power, dwells in not mean it shall be said in the end that he has
the people-they having that attribute, I suppose, done nothing for the people. He agrees that it
by instinct; or else perhaps the theory may be, is the duty of a public man to follow, and not
that when men come together in a community, and lead-but, at least, he may have the privilege of
resolve their several bodies into one body, a capital rousing the game, and slipping the hounds-he
union is formed at the same time, and that by knows how the instincts and passions of men tend,
bringing their heads together, the result to the po- and havingstarted some rankand savory project,and
litical being thus formed is, that his sagacity is equal having procured a few of the older and better train-
to the sum of all the fractions of wisdom that before ed to take the track, he is sure the pack will follow.
belonged to the constituent individuals-while, by It is enough for himself if he be in at the death.
some occult process, all their folly and weaknesses He is not a mere man of expedients and manage-
dropt suddenly off at the moment of amalgamation. ment. He will have a directness in his way of
-This may be so; but certainly to all human ap- doing things which is always charming. His appeals
pearance the heads of the million still remain very will be apt to be open, knowing they are always
distinct, though they have but one body. And be- successful, if made to the right disposition; and he
sides, the theory is notsupported by experience and is no more liable to mistakes in this matter than
precedent. I have never heard that that classical Cesar was. His affection for the people will be
monster, ZEgeon, though very conspicuous for the just as sincere as that of the elder Mirabeau was for
physical advantage which he had in his hundred mankind-and very much of the same sort. The
hands, ever distinguished himself in counsel, or for Marquis made himself popular, and was implicitly
wisdom,in any degree proportionate to the number of believed, when he boldly assumed the title of" The
his heads. And on the whole,Ifeel bound toconclude, Friend of Men," though he was daily exhibiting
that whoever expects to find in any multitude a himself in acts of atrocious cruelty and oppression.
sum of intellectual strength and sagacity, as dis- And so it will be with our Man of the People. His
played in the conduct and care of their common in- cue is to be fearless, and, above all, never lose any
terests, in any degree according to mere numbers, credit, for want of tAe face to claim to deserve it.
will be miserably disappointed. There are other He would not hesitate, if it suited his purpose, to
modes of computation which will answer the pur- make war upon the people-on their peace, their
pose much better. Letme see a people walking in virtue, their prosperity, their freedom-and load
the counsels of such wisdom as may belong to the himself with spoils; and then-like a warrior chief
leading minds among them-confiding in their great of the Sacs and Foxes who carries the scalp-locks
men-cheerfully borrowing their light, whensoever of his slain enemies eternally at his bridle-bit-he
they have none of their own-steadily pursuing an would not fear to come into their very presence,
onward and upward course, not byany means with covered with trophies taken from themselves, and
the forced step of a marching band of convicts in a challenge at once their admiration and their favor.
prison-yard, nor, yet with the precise and mechan- And if men answering at all the description of
ical movement of a military company under Ger- persons here presented, are to be the men for suc-
man discipline, but with a free tread, and in a spirit cess, in the case I have supposed, then I need not
of manly independence, pressing confidently for- stop to say a word more about what will be the
ward--comprehending perfectly the object in view, state of morals in the country, whether in the gov-
and having an intelligent understanding of the gen- ernment or out of it. Virtue will be necessarily
eral direction to be taken, and some competent ac- excluded from place and power. The influence of
quaintance with the principal routes, and yet with government will only operate, to offer a bounty to
prudence and sense enough to avail themselves of the lowest ambition-to distinctions won by the
the ripest knowledge and the best experience they open sacrifice of every noble feeling and every gen-
can meet with, if it be superior to their own, to fa- erous thought, by falsehood, and meanness, and ser-
cilitate and secure their progress and success-just vility. The human heart will be every where
as the intelligent traveller employs his guides, and sacked and robbed of the virtues which naturally
while he commands, suffers himself to be led by belong to it. Pride, and passion, and every vulgar
them-shew me such a people-and such have been propensity will be brought into active exercise.-
the people of these United States-and I will count The sanctuary of the domestic feelings will be in-
them a wise people, not by telling their numbers, vaded-the very fountain of our fire-side charities
but by looking at their course, and considering how will be polluted, or dried up. Men's hands will be
well it accords with all that reason and history have found in each other's pockets, and at each other's
taught us as being proper in the conduct of busi- throats; and there will be no security, and there
ness, whether of private or public import. Depend will be no confidence, and there will be no peace.
upon it, my friends, the notion that the wisdom of The power and the obligation of literary and
the people, perfectly competent as I know it may be
for wielding well the ultimate power of government, educated man, to apply a remedy to the degrada-
is to be found sufficient, under any state oft' cultiva- tion of political morals, are eloquently indicated :
tion, for all the exigencies of current legislation and The truth must be spoken. The disgraceful
current administration, and therefore that the time cringing and flattery by which all our intercourse
is at hand when we may safely dispense with the with the people is distinguished, must be discarded.
useless, if not dangerous, qualities of statesman- Vague generalities too will not answer the purpose;
ship in all public men-if it be a notion really en- we must come to particulars, and show what the
tertained by any-is no idle folly merely, but it is error is, and what the offence is, and how it is
fraught with uncommon and fatal mischief. against right and against morals-and we must
The first consequence of course will be, as I have not shrink from the topic, because the error or
stated, that public men, having nothing to do but to the offence is favored by one party, or another par.
observe and follow the indications of popular senti- ty, or by all parties. There are eternal principles
ment in all things, will need to bring very little wis- of justice, and eternal principles of right and
dom of their own into office,and hence will soon come wrong-principles which God himself could not
to be men having very little to carry with them any alter-and which no public opinion, however uni-
where. In such a case, when the high places of hon- versal, can ever vary or reverse. We must take
or come to be filled with persons of mean ability, our stand on these, and vindicate the truth where-
however amiable, then if we should see those offices, ever it is assaulted.
not indeed well served, but still served to the satis. What we want in this country is a literature of
faction of a degraded people-the people being satis- our own, adapted to our condition and circumstan.
fled, not because they are even cheated into any seri- ces. We cannot borrow such a literature from any
ous belief that their affairs are really prosperous, not source; we must create it. We want a literature
because they are advancing in civilization and in- for our politics-for the morals of politics; and such
creasing in the blessings of freedom; but because, a literature has never existed. Public opinion in
even in the midst of suffering and degradation, they this country must not be abandoned to the influence
can hug, with a sense of jealous gratification,the con- of casual circumstances; above all things, it must
scious thought and feeling that no power is stirring be rescued from the hands of mere politicians. It
anywhere which is not immediately their own, ex- belongs to th" literary class to form the character of
ercised under their dictation, and only in execution the community-to form and lead public opinion.
of their spoken will; and because also-and this There are not wanting noble examples of what may
may be the most delicious thought of all-that be done in this way, if there were time to produce
having by this time caused a balance to be struck them. Every necessary thingmay be done to save
between all existing differences, moral and intellec- and redeem the country.
tual, very much in their own favor, having cut off There are two general forms in which litera-
Aristides the just, and Socrates the great, and ture may be employed for the purposes indicated.
created a happy level of mediocrity in all things, One, in which subjects of great national and moral
low enough at least to meet that of the greater interest should be directly treated-in which abuses
number, they now see that henceforward there can should be directly attacked und freely exposed,
be nothing above to offend them, and there is no- and in which the way of truth, and patriotism,
thing beneath them to fear-in such a case, and and honesty in politics, should be openly showed
, witnesses of such results, we should indeed bqforced before the people. The other form is more unde-
to confess, that we know at least of one instance in fined,1hough noLt perhaps less effective. There'is
which a very small sum of wisdom on any side, no shape, if well conducted, in which it may not
whether among officials or among the people, was come with power--it may be spoken, or written,
found to be quite enough for the government of a said or sung: it may be a tale, or a romance, or a
great Republic. How long such a state of things poem; for poetry is not dead though it sleepeth:
would be likely to endure is another matter, into or it may appear in some lighter and more evanes-
which I certainly shall not pretend to enter, cent mode and dress-it will be heeded and felt, if
That the effect of a condition of things any thing it be well done. The works themselves may die,
like that I have described, must be to produce a and the impressions to which they gave birth last
very humble mediocrity in intellect everywhere in for ever, In these two forms of literature taken
society, after the example of that which should be together, the whole business may be accomplished.
thus displayed in state and national aff-irs, cannot The principles of men may be fixed and settled,
be doubted. In a Republic like ours, the influence their thoughts elevated, their tastes corrected, and
of what is done in the face of the public and in mat- a prevailing moral sentiment created so pure and
ters of common interest, must always be vast and so just, that whatsoever defiles and makes a lie
controlling, either for good or for evil. could not live in its presence.
But if that course of political action which I have And I do not doubt that such a literature can bs


undertaken to deprecate shall prevail, it will be supported, and that it may be made to pay its own
found thatpublic morals will fare no better than the way. It may be furnished by literary men, with
general mind of the nation. If it be established as some proper concert of action and feeling, and, as
a constitutional doctrine, not only that the people I believe, with little in terruption to the various oc-
are the true source of all knowledge and wisdom in cupations in which ihey may be engaged. Exclu-
politics, and hence that men in office, to know what sive devotion to literature is not necessary-I doubt
to do and what to leave undone, have only to take if it be desirable. What Chalmers, and Brougham,
order from the people, to consult the tastes, and the and Talfourd have done, other men can do. Even
good pleasure of numbers, I think it is easy to dis- Scott faithfully discharged the duties of an office of
cover that there will be as little demand for virtue no light labor for the greater part of his literary
in the public service, as we have seen there would life-and yet, as was publicly, if not sneeringly
be for talent. It must be remembered that no man declared of him, he found time to write more books
is permitted to serve the people of this country in than any body else had leisure to read. And I feel
public business, against their will. Whom they certain that a literature in this country which
will they call and choose ; and they are not at all should be worth a substantial reward, would be
likely to embrace any who cannot give them pledges sure to have it. We are a reading people. But
for strict subserviency. This is to be the grand you must not give us your books, nor furnish them
qualification. Right or wrong, the prayer and the at too cheap a rate. Make us pay for them, and
promise must be-thy will be done. There must then we shall read them, if it be only to get our
be no reservation-no alternative expressed or un- money's worth; and if we find them what they
expressed-no stealthy watching for the way of es- ought to be, we shall read them again, and teach
cape by that open postern, the duty of resignation,. them to our children, and we shall thank and bless
To resign would only be to desert, and, if full you, and teach our children tC do so; and here will
pledges had been given, coming up to the mark of be fame, and a double reward.
implicit obedience, it would only be an nact of cow. But if we would have our books read and paid
ardly betrayal. It might save the conscience of the, for, they must be worth reading and paying for.-
incumbent, if he had one worth saving; but it would They must come up to a high standard of excel-
not save the people from themselves, nor prevent lance. Though written for the people, they need
their being served in his place by some one deemed not be composed in a vulgar tongue. The Athe
more worthy of their trust. nian orator did not labor his compositions the less,
It is not too much to say, that under the full sway or give them a less perfect polish, because they were
of the doctrine referred to, no man of sound moral to be spoken in full assembly of the people. Be-
principles could take office. How could he, and sides, if you write for general and permanent effect,
justify himself to his conscience or his God? He write for the educated and the tasteful, and then
must begin with stripping himself of every attri- you will secure readers throughout society-and
bute of manhood. He must promise that he will even if not at first generally read, your influence
have no mind, and no opinion, and no will of his will be felt where your books are not heard of till
own. He must profess a faith in the people strong long after. Let works be written such that an ed-
enough to remove mountains; that in them is the ucated man will be ashamed not to have read them
fulness of all wisdom in politics, of all excellence in -written in ptJe English-chaste, unaffected, sim-
morals-that they are always right-never wrong pie-no quaintness, no mawkishness, no intensity
-and that a man can know no honor and no hap- except in the subject--no straining after effect on
piness in life equal to that of being made the instru- the one hand, and no careless haste and learned
ment to execute their pleasure. How could any dullness on the other-let such works be written,
honorable or virtuous man think of entering into and be sure they will sell and circulate, and men
such a service, and on such terms ? will devour them, and be the better for the meal.
But in the case I have supposed men of this char- And finally let our own society, composed of
acter are not likely to be troubled with solicitations men professing a love of letters and finding our so-
to take office, nor is it possible, if they should desire lace in study, be not backward in so excellent a
it. that thev could hpeennm sec,,essfulr mna;tinr ..-i, ;.I,- i T t.i. L.- .. .... -.1


record of the world's final decision shall be made
up., Such principles are few and simple, and easily
found if honesly inquired after. Then let him be-
come his own apostle for the propagation of his
own doctrines, taking the life of his reputation in
his hand, and bearing his living testimony to the
truth by his words and by his works, with equal
firmness through good and through evil report.-
Let him do this, and his reward is certain. I in-
sist that his chance of political success will be fully
equal to another man's, because I insist that the
heart of this people has still the principle of sound-
ness in it, and only needs that genial influences
should bedew, and the sun-light of truth be let in
upon it, to make it fruitful of good. And if he fail
here-why what does it matter 7 He has some-
thing to fall back upon. He has failed moreover
where failure is quite as good a witness for merit as
success. Indeed in his case, failure is success; and
so it will be found in that impartial account, which
is begun to be kept for him by his contemporaries,
and which will be written up by posterity in books
of everlasting judgment. There are his spoken
opinions, and his recorded principles, and these are
endowed with a life that cannot die. His living
voice is in the ear and in the hearts of his country-
men, because the undying melody of truth is in it.
And what has happened will happen again. 2Es-
choylus will not be the less a Greek of Attica, or
the less immortal, because obliged to transfer him-
self to Syracuse to escape the temporary rage of the
populace, for the expression of just political senti-
ment, And when Alexander comes to lay Thebes
in ruins, the house of Pindar shall be spared.
THE MEDICAL STUDENT, or Aid to the Study
of Medicine, including a Glossary of the Terms of
the Science and the Mode of Prescribing, Biblio-
graphical Notices of Medical Works, the Regula-
tions of Different Medical Colleges of the Union,
&c. &c. By ROBERT DUNOLISSON, M. D., Profes-
sor of the Institutes of Medicine and of Medical
Jurisprudence in Jefferson Medical College, &c. &c'
1 Vol. Philadelphia: Carey, Lea 4- Blanchard-
For sale in New York by Wiley 4- Putnam.-If it
may be permitted to a non-professional man to ex-
press an opinion on the aims and execution of this
work, we should say both are worthy of all praise.
Without any pretension to mere originality, its
pages yet embody a digest of knowledge that must
greatly smooth the way for beginners in the ardu-
ous and far-extending study of medicine. The
design of the work is that of a "guide to the
American medical student, who too frequently is
totally uninformed as to the course he ought to pur-
sue-not only when he commences to read upon
his profession, but when he enters a medical college
for the prosecution of his studies there."


Among the aids ot this UooK is an alphabetical
glossary of the Dog-Latin terms-so absurdly as it
seems to us-continued in use by the profession in
this country,-but of which, while so continued, il
is all-important that practitioners and apothecaries
should.know the import and etymology. It is but
a few days since we heard of a case of death occa.
signed by mistaking the aqua-fon: of a prescription
for aquafortis-so that, instead of spring water, the
unhappy patient swallowed nitric acid, which cor-
roded and destroyed his vitals. The notices of the
medical and surgical works, useful to and attain-
able by the American student, seems to us well
done.
VIEWS or SLAVERY AND EMANCIPATION, fromr
"Society in America," by HARRIET MARTINEAU
New York, Piercy 4 Reed.-This pamphlet con-
sists of selections from Miss Martineau's recent
work on America, and presents in one dark and
dreary view, the result of that very clever woman's
observations and reflections on the condition and
prospects of Slavery and Emancipation in these
United States. It is a collection from which, even:
though the evils be exaggerated-as Americans
we shrink with unaffected sorrow and shame.

WARD MEETINGS.-Let it be borne in mind by
the Whigs, that on Monday Evening they are re-
quested to meet in their respective Wards, to select
a Nominating Committee.
On the composition of this Committee will de-
pend, of course, that of the different tickets to be
presented for oui support at the ensuing election.-
It is a t-flrt r *--a greatest eare should be taker
to select only good men and true-men who will
go for the country, and ot for themselves: and
men who with good intentions combine active
zeal, and capacity to make both zeal and good in-
tentions tell.
The grand salute of 500 guns was fired yester-
day, at three o'clock, in honor of the recent glorious
Whig victories throughout the country, from the
city, Jersey, and Brooklyn Heights.
At four o'clock, an additional salute of 100 guns
was fired by the masters of the Eastport packets, in
connection with the merchants of White Hall, from
the schooner Elizabeth, Capt. Greenlaw, lying at
pier 3, in the East River.--[Courier.l
The vessels in the harbor yesterday, almost
without exception, as we are informed, hoisted their
colors in token of rejoicing in the late Whig tri-
umphs.
SPECIE-PAYING BANKS.-It is said in some of the
papers, that the Manhattan Bank, the Tradesmen's
Bank, and perhaps one or two others, have given
notice, that they will redeem their bills, or certain
of their bills, in specie.
We have seen no such notice, although upon in-
qujrywe learn that the Manhattan Co. redeems its
five dollar notes, and that the Tradesmen's Bank
professes to redeem all its notes. Neither institu-
tion, however, undertakes, or professes to be able,
to pay its deposits in specie; and until that is done,
or the option be given to receive the amount of a
check in specie or paper, it is both absurd in itself,
and unjust to others, to talk of these banks as spe-
cie-paying institutions.
The explanation moreover oP this pretension to
do better than their neighbors, is not very credita-
ble to these banks. As we understand it, when all
the banks suspended specie payments, it was a
matter of common agreement that no debtor bank
should pay out the notes of a creditor bank, but
reserve them against the debt due. Nevertheless,
the Manhattan and Tradesmen's Banks have made
it a practice to violate this rule, and by paying out
for checks on their deposits the bills of other
banks, and retaining their own whenever received
in exchange or deposit, they have so reduced their
circulation that they can now venture to say they
will pay specie for some or all of their own notes.
But to do this, they wronged the other banks which
) adhered to the common agreement, and they virtu-
ally play a trick upon the public-for in order to
keep up the appearance of redeeming their own
notes in coin, they still continue to pay checks on
their deposites-not in their own notes, and not in


given, which ii little more tihan 4 1.2 per eent.--
Nothing could be more important to the interests
of the United States Bank than such a market as
this for their securities, especially at a time when
they are known to have formed the design of anti-
cipating all the other American banks in the re-
sumption of cash payments, and may thqs secure,
under the existing law, a large share of the Govern-
ment deposits. Some persons here go so far as to
attribute to the Bank of England a co-operation in
this design for purposes of their own, but we do not
consider the statement as entitled to the smallest
credit.' A participation in American financial ope-
rations of the same kind as this wouldd be, that is,
in a supply of specie, has been too recently fatal to
render the report at all probable. Mr. Biddle, the
President of the United States Bank, will acquire a
high character for sagacity, should he succeed in this
project.

MR. CALHOUN'S SCHEZME-Collection of the Reve-
nue by Public Officers.
The bill imposing additional duties on public
officers, as depositaries for receiving the public
money, was then taken up in Committee of the
Whole.
Mr.Calhoun rose, and moved the amendment of
which he had given notice on Monday he should
offer to this bill, which having been stated to the
Senate, it was, at the instance of Mr. Wright, with
the consent of Mr. Calhoun, modified to read as
follows, (the passages enclosed in [] being those
added by Mr. W.:)
Sec. And be it further enacted, That, from and
after the first day of January, eighteen hundred
and thirty-eight, three-fourths of the amount due to
the Government for duties, taxes, sales of public
lands, or other debts, may be received in the notes
of specie-paying banks; and that, from and after
the first day of January, eighteen hundred and
thirty-nine, one half may be so received ; and from
and after the first day of January, eighteen hun-
dred and forty, one fourth; and from and after the
first day of January, eighteen hundred and forty-
one, all sums due for duties, sales of public lands,
or other debts to the Government, [and all pay-
ments to the General Post Office Department, shall
be paid in gold and silver coin only,] or in such
notes, bills, or paper, issued under the authority of
the United States, as may be directed to be receiv-
ed by law ; [and from and after the first day of Ja-
nuary, eighteen hundred and forty-one, all officers
or agents engaged in making disbursements for the
United States or General Post Office Department,
shall make all their payments in gold and silver
only, or in such notes or papcr as shall be author-
ized by law ; and any revenue or disbursing officer,
neglecting so to do, shall be dismissed from his of-
fice, and forfeit all compensation which shall then
be due.]
A writer in the Charleston Mercury thus com-
bats lMr. Van Buren's hard money scheme :
"It seems to us to be a fundamental error in
Mr. Van Buren's plan of receiving nothing but gold
and silver in discharge of debts due to the Govern-
ment, while bank paper is to be the basis of all the
dealings among individuals-that it draws an odi-
ous line of distinction between the Government and
the People. If ours is to be 'a hard money Govern-
ment,' let us have a hard money currency for all
the purposes of society. The Government has no
sound right to stand on a different or better footing
than individuals in this respect. The federal offi-
cers are but the trustees and agents of the people,
for certain specific purposes. Taxes and duties are
imposed for the public good, and cannot, without
the grossest injustice, extend beyond a reasonable
proportion of the profits, or income of the commu-
nity. Whether a man shall be required to contri-
bute a tythe, or any other portion of his yearly
gains, he can, on no principle ofjustice, be required
to pay more than a fair portion of what he receives.
You may take the tenth bushel of corn from the
farmer, or the tenth bale of goods from the merch-
ant, but you cannot, without being guilty of mon-
strous tyranny and injustice, require him to contri-
bute what he does not possess, and cannot obtain
himself. It is no answer to say, that according to
the Constitution, nothing but gold and silver is a
legaltender for the payment of debts. This is true,
and yet what sane man now insists on the payment
of his debts in specie ? The man who should now
insist on this, would be regarded as a fool or a mad-
man. We do not believe that any individual, so
devoid of common sense, could be found in the
whole country, who, depending on daily receipts
from his debtors, for his own support, would now
refuse to receive any thing but gold and silver, He
unquestionably would have a legal right to do so,
but should he insist on that right, he would surely
starve.
The Government and the individual stand, in
this respect, on the same ground. The Banks hav-
ing suspended specie payments, and it not being
possible to Qbtain gold and silver for the ordinary
transactions of society, why should the Govern-
ment require of its debtors, what no individual
would think of requiring of his debtors? Why
insist on impossibilities? 7"-" One 'head treasury'
and twenty-six 'sub-treasuries,' with a 'host of
officers,' are to be employed as channels to drain
the country of specie. In the face of such a cur-
rent, the State Banks cannot resume specie pay-
ments, or if they do, their vaults will be speedily
exhausted." "It has been asked what the Govern-
ment ought to do, or can do, to remedy the existing
evils? We answer, let them mark out as a line of
action,-that present relief is to be extended to the
country, and that measures are to be takenrto bring
bout a resumption of specie payments as soon as pos-
sible. The precise character of these measures


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TbiE W niI? MAN4 AND HEK TkbtAks.-The
waste of life and bf treasure in the Florida Cam-
paigns, occasioned by the pertinacious resistance of
a small band of Indians, may almost be looked up-
on, even by those averse to presumptuous interpre-
tations of the mysterious ways of Providence, as
a punishment of the injustice and wrongs perpe-
trated by the white against the rdt man.
It is computed that from ten to twelve millions of
dollars have already been spent in carrying on hos-
tilities against some ten or twelve hundred half
naked savages-and a farther sum of nearly two
millions is now asked for the same purpose.
The blood of hundreds of our soldiery has been
shed in the same contest ; and by disease and ex-
posure to a climate almost fatal in some months to
the white man, thousands, it may be assumed,
have been laid low, and yet we are as far as ever
from the object with which hostilities were under-
taken.
In addition to all tho heavy responsibilities of
having provoked by our injustice-as is, we fear,
too truly alleged-the resistance of theSeminoles-
we are now, it seems, to incur the heavier one of
arming savage against savage-of seducing by rum
and gold the Northern Indian to aid in destroying
the Southern Indian, when, ultimately, and after
our arts and arms shall have subdued these last
remnants of a heroic race, all that remain of them,
whether Southern or Northern, are to be cooped
up in one common region, and then those whom
we have made enemies, we are, under the duresse ef
the bayonet, to compel to be friends.
Terrible, terrible, is the retribution which such a
course must yet bring upon the people who witting-
ly adopt or sanction it.
Our reflections are turned to this subject just
now, by having read the following letter-sent to
us in MS.-found among the papers of the late
Oliver Wolcott. It was addressed to him when
Secretary of the Treasury, by a resident of Geor-
gia, and it relates some atrocious murders by
white men upon Indians perpetrated at that early
day, as we fear they have been repeated since-
without pretext, or punishment.
SAVANNAH, IN GEORGIA,
15th November, 1795.
Sir,-In consequence of the indulgence you were
pleased to allow me, (when I had the pleasure of
seeing you in Philadelphia,) of addressing you in
private, with a state of m- tters this way, I shall
now commence a detail of what is going forward in
this State, and which I shall do with strict candor
and justice.
On my return to Georgia, the first thing I heard
was, that upwards of twenty Creek Indians had
been murdered by the people of Georgia. I waited
on Gov. Mathews, and found it to be the case; and
that the same had been done without even the
shadow of cause, but the whole appeared a preme-
ditated, wanton outrage on all authority and hu-
manity, on the part of the lawless white wretches
of this country.
These murders have been attended with acts of
brutality, and refinement in cruelty and perfidy,
itnknown among the most abandoned savage tribes.
The unfortunate Indians who suffered, had for
months before been hunting on their own grounds,
between the Oconee and Ochmulgee rivers, in the
vicinity of the white settlements, with whom they
held a friendly intercourse and mutual exchange of
articles in the way of trade and supply, not dread-
ing harm, but confiding in the faith and friendship
of the U. States and this State, in consequence of
the agreements entered into and arrangements
made with them from time to time. The Indians
were made drunk by the white people, and when
lying asleep, their heads were cut off with axes,
their bodies ripped open, and their bowels dragged
about the fields. After glutting their worse than
savage passions, they dragged the mangled bodies
to the river Oconee, and threw them in. Seven fell
in this way, at first. Two or three days after, eight
Indians came .in quest of their murdered friends.
The same white people gave them liquor, and kept
the murder a secret, when on a signal the Indians
were beset, and seven of them killed. One got off
to the nation with two musket balls in him. Ex-
pecting that this would give an alarm to the In-
dians, and being bent o0i doing all the mischief pos-
sible, the white murderers sent off parties through
the woods, where they knew there were Indian
hunting camps, and fell on them; and, from the ac-
counts in possession of the Governor, twenty-nine
Indians have fallen a sacrifice. At that time, the
Indians were everywhere on the froriicr ofGreor-
gia; and conducting themselves to the entire
satisfaction of the inhabitants. I am perfectly
satisfied that this horrid deed was committed
at the instigation of some of the vicious people in
politics in this State, who for some time past have
been disappointed in their pursuits, but who are
still determined to keep this Government in a state
of confusion, and to injure the General one, if in
their power. That these murders were premedita-
ted and planned by such characters, will, I believe,
appear, if the perpetrators, (who are well known)
are brought to justice; but this I much doubt. It
is now two months since these murders were com-


mitted; and although it is not more than 80 miles
from the seat of Government, not one of them has
been apprehended ; so that these villains have been
given ample time to go off if they chose-but this
is not the case. Having confidence in their friends
and associates, they are determined to set all law
and authority at defiance. I used every argument
in my power with the Governor to have the laws
put in force. He promised me it should be done
without loss of time. This was on the 24th ult:
and as yet I cannot hear of any decided measures
taken by him. I believe he may have some people
out making inquiry, and taking depositions : but
this will a aRmourti to notning. -.
In consequence of the printed letter which I wrote
to our Governor before my visit to the northward,
he sent a party of horse against the banditti, under
Clarke, who were committing outrages on Florida.
I believe that business is nearly at an end ; and, on
the arrival at St. Mary's of the troops, promised
by the Secretary of War, I will venture to say, we
shall have no more such doings. The Secretary of
the province of East Florida, and a Colonel of the
Spanish army, arrived here a few days past, from
St. Augustine, on their way to our Governor at Au-
gusta. Being well acquainted with the Secretary, I
made a point of paying them every attention in my
power, while here, and assisted them on their jour-
ney with horses, &c. They are going to the Span-
ish Minister, and perhaps with complaints to Con-
gress. You will of course see them.
Since I have returned, I have talked a great deal
with our Governor,Judges,and men whom-I conceiv-
ed influential, and represented our irregular conduct,
and the unfavorable light we stood in with other
States in the Union, and the great probability there
was, that if reform did not take place speedily, we
should involve ourselves in disgrace, and finally in
ruin. Many seem sensible of these things; and if
our government will but make examples of the peo-
ple (or a part of them) who committed the late out-
rage on the Indians, all matters will come right : but
if they do not, there is an end to all law, authority,
or subordination in the country ; for this deed has
been done by the factious, to try the strength of
Government. *
' I have sent to the Creek Indians, and shall en-
deavor to prevent their taking satisfaction until
time is given to this Government, or that of the
United States, to do it agreeably to law. It this
country should be so lost to justice, and will not


ofit would 6f course correspohd *ith the qiuatlih
The American merchants will be in no danger#
however, after knowing this decision.'- [Jour. Comr.
FROM SUMATRA.-Brig Lucilla, Silver, arrived
last night. Left Mackie the 20th of May. Capt.
Silver received a letter from Capt. Hammond, of
the ship Maria, of New York, at Mingin, stating
that the first of May several attempts had been
made by the natives to cut off the Maria. In the
last attempt they succeeded in taking the captain
and six of the crew, who were taken up a river,
and put in the fort, and while there treated with
great violence. While they were in the fort, the na-
tives collected in great numberson the beach, with
their war clubs and instruments, to make another
attempt on the ship, when three of the head men in-
terposed for its protection, and that of the prison-
ers. Through their influence the captain and sea-
men were liberated.
Captain S. informs us that Pepper was scarce at
Sumatra, the crops short 20 per cent. all along the
coast, in consequence of the drought when the pep-
per was in blossom. Very few of the vessels left on
the coast will be able to obtain full cargoes.-
[Courier.1

Advices from Malaga to August 2d, which may
be depended upon, state that the coming crop of"
fruit would be small in quantity and of inferior qual-
ity, the last winter having been severe, and the
spring backward, causing injury to the vines.-
[Boston Daily Adv.J

NASSAU, (N. P.) Sept. 7.
THE SMALL Pox.-This loathsome and fatal dis-
ease is said to be in this place; but we are informed
the few cases which have appeared are of a mild
and mitigated nature.-[Charleston Courier, Sept.
17.]

The famous Regatta at Castle Garden, we must
recall to our readers, is to take place next Monday
afternoon.
That of last year was surpassingly beautiful: and
the taste for such manly exhibitions has certainly
been promoted very much, by the efforts and dis-
plays of the associated clubs, to whom we owe this
Regatta.
IFromn the Journal of Commerce.]
SPECIAL SEssIONS.--The following persons were-
yesterday convicted and sentenced:
Samuel Baird, stealing a coat from a fellow board-
er-6 months.
William Brown, stealing a box of candles-6
months.
James Bowe, alias Bowen, stealing 6 dozen of
plates from a crate outside a store-6 months.
Edward Crane, stealing a pair of lamps and a
pair of cushions from the carriage of Mr. A. Bron-
son-6 months.
Ellen Conroy, caught in the act of stealing a pair
of blankets from the house of William Dunlap-
Penitentiary 6 months.
John Dougherty, stealing a hammer from John
M'Clemmond-3 months.
Thomas Floyd and William Redmond, men of
color, stealing a hat and pair of boots from Henry
Thompson-6 months each.
Jacob Hynd was convicted of driving a handcart
against a private carriage and forcing it on the side
walk, and striking a young lad who remonstrated
with him-3 months.
Frost Luckmaquere, alias Donoughmore, steal-
ing a hat and a washboard-6 months.
Christopher Murray, stealing a pair of boots from
the store door of Mr. Henry Newell-6 months.
Thomas Murphy, stealing 8 pounds of nails from
Asa Stebbins-1 month.
Henry Smith, assaulting an officer while in dis-
charge of his duty-6 months.
William Spence, assaulting a police officer while
arresting him on a warrant-6 months.

ITEMS.
MANSLAUGHTER.-On Thursday night about 9"
o'clock, a man named Frederick Stivers, aged 48
years, a native of Baltimore, who resided in Antho-
ny street, was standing outside his residence, when
two colored men, named Samuel Francis and Jo-
seph Blake, began to fight, and were shortly joined
by several other colored men who took part in it.
Of those, only Thomas King and Thomas Freeman
have been identified. Stivers, who was standing
near the combatants and made some casual remark
about their fighting, was instantly knocked
down with a stone by one of the colored men, which
rendered him senseless, in which state he was car-
ried into his house and died at 4 o'clock yesterday
morning. A post mortem examination was held
on the body yesterday, at the inquest, and the skull
of the deceased was found to have been frightfully
fractured. It has not been as yet ascertained who
threw the'stone. The Cotrbfer'i Jury broughF ir
a verdict, that the deceased came to his death by
blows supposed to have been inflicted on him by
Joseph Blake, Samuel Francis, Thomas King and
Thomas Freemen, men of color.-[Jour. of Com.]
[From the Courier and Enquirer.]
PoLICE--Friday--.i leap for life and liberty-
Yesterday officers Peck, Tompkins and Baldwin,
brought over from Jersey city, a most noted scoun-
drel, named Henry Seaman, in search of whom they
had been for some time, there being not less than
seven or eight charges for burglaries, against him at
the Police office. The officers found him a few
nights since at a store in Vesey street, butas he was
there surroundrd by friends of notorious characters..


he was rescued from them after a hard fought bit-.
tie. He was taken over to Jersey city, and in-
formation being given to some of the citizens there,
they surrounded the house in which he was, and a
party went up to his room in the 3d story to arrest
him. No sooner did he ascertain the character of his
visitors, than he dashed through the window, and
landed on a pile of dirt below. He was immedi-
ately seized by those in waiting, who certainly did
not expect such a flight, and after knocking down
some halfdozen of the sturdy Jersey Blues, he wa
av..^ _-i 4 -tron urCT _amu UlilL"hj3 b *wi rt
sent for. He was in no wise injured by his leap,
except a slight scratch on one knee, and is now
locked up in prison, where he will remain until ex-
amination, and we shall then give a good account of
his depredations.
SUICIDE--A shoemaker named Samuel Freeman,
aged about 40 years, who resided at 449 Hudson
street, committed suicide yesterday by cutting bs
throat with a razor. The deceased had bee; for
several days laboring under mental derengemaent.
He was a native of New Hampshire.-l[.ur. of
Com.]
About four hundred men are now employed on
the big ship on the Philadelphia station% and it is
now in rapid progress towards completion.
[From the JNew Brunswick Fredonian.]
SERIOUS OUTRAGE.-We deeply regret to be
obliged to state, that a serious and wholly unpro-
voked assault was commenced upon Mr. Thomas
Eddy, one of our most quiet and respectable citi-
zens, on the morning of the 13th inst. Mr. Eddy
having urgent business to transact early on than
morning, left his house for his office about 4 o'clock,
and was quiety proceeding on his way, when he
was accosted by three or four persons with tha ec-
mark that he had no business out at that tire off
night, and immediately set upon by the whole of
them, and brutally beaten. He contrived, how-
ever, more dead than alive, to escape from, their
hands into the house of some Irish laborers near by.
Making known his distress here, as well as he
could, and imploring their assistance, one of the
Irishmen sallied out, and, after being very sev%:J-
handled, succeeded in bringing one of the assailin
a nnfidva into thA hii,"-- Tr p Pmnnr. larr L.


must depend on the wisdom of Congress.-To as-
sume that nothing can be done, is entirely unwar-
rantable. Among a multitude of measures that
might be resorted to having this object in view, he
would say that an extension of the time for making
payment on the debts now due to Government,-
directions to receive, until a certain day, the Notes
of all the solvent Banks current at the place,-the
making the Government Deposites in such Banks,
as shall agree after a certain time, and in the mode
tn he n Rrrnnepl wiihh th Trp.n-ii,nr. tov rplrnme snecie
payments,--the issuing of Treasury Notes or
Drafts in discharge of Government debts, &c.
These and similar measures, would restore the
country to a state of prosperity in a few months,
would bring back specie payments by the Banks,
revive the business and commerce of the whole
country,-draw a broad line between the solvent
and insolvent Banks, and put the country on a safe
foundation."
[From the dllbany Evening Journal.]
The Argus contains a Resolution, adopted, or
purporting to have been adopted, by the Albany
Republican General Committee," which expresses
an opinion that "the prosperity of the country will
be best 'promoted by yielding a fudl and cordial assent
to the measures recommended in the President's
message.
Strictly we have no right to intermeddle with the
affairs of the Van Buren party, but as this resolu-
tion is a direct and absolute surrender of all the
principles avowed by the General Committee in
their resolutions and address, we may, perhaps, be
allowed to state a fact in relation to the subject.
T'he General Committee met on Tuesday eve-
ning. Resolutions approving of the message were
offered, the adoption of which was urged by A. J.
Colvin, Esq., who was opposed, it will be recollect-
ed, to the Conservative Address of the committee.
Mr. Speaker Livingston, in reply, vindicated the
course of the General Committee, and urged an ad-
herence to the Conservative principles avowed in
their address; after which the question was taken
and the resolutions rejected by a vote of nineteen to
nine.
How, or by what number of votes, the resolution
which appears in this morning's Argus was adopt
ed, we have not been informed. The proceedings
ava qianrAl hur a 19 inr tnpvi I? -1 nthp. rhnir of t






iCtiet Wotx.-Mr. Augustus Smth ofr'Hadley,
With his new machine, thrashed and cleared in 9 12
"ours two hundred and neneteen bushels of oats,
in this town, last week, for Mr. Henry Shepherd.
The force employed was as follows: 1 horse to
work the machine, 1 boy to handle the bundles, 1
boy to unbind, 1 boy to mow the straw, 1 man to
feed the machine, 1 man to rake off the straw 1
man to pitch straw to the mow, and 2 men win-
nowing and measuring the oats. Total 5 men, 3
boys and 1 horse.-[Northampton (Mas.) Repub-
lican.]
SANDWICH ISLANDS.-A letter dated Oahu, May
29, says--"This place is in an uproar in conse-
quence of an insult to the British flag recently per-
petrated by the natives, in the seizure of two Cath-
olics upon the Island on religious grounds. The
fl.ig was publicly burnt in the street."

Extract of a letter, dated
CHARLESTON, S. C., Sept. 18th.
"Capt. Tibbetts, of the Eliza Grant, died yes-
terday, after a short sickness, of Yellow Fever. Two
others have died to-day on board brig Deliverance,
of same place."
I From the Goshen Democrat.]
THU CIRCUIT COURT, and Oyer and Terminer,
for Orange county, will commence its sitting in this
village on Monday, 25th. We learn that the cause
of Isaac R. Van Duzer, vs. Edwin Croswell, editor
of the State paper, for libel, is noticed for trial, and
we understand will most probably be called on at
the commencement of the court. The importance
of the matters involved in the controversy, identi-
fied as they are with great political questions, in re-
lation to the public funds, together with the high
standing of the counsel employed, will doubtless
render the trial highly interesting. From a know-
ledge of the subject out of which this suit origina-
ted, and the manner in which the press complained
of effected the political standing of a fornfer repre-
sentative from this county in the State Legislature,
we sincerely wish that every voter in the county,
and indeed in the State, could witness an impartial
and full investigation of its merits.

CANAL TOLLS, &c.-The tolls collected on the
New York State canals up to the 7th September,
amounted to the sum of $681,535 08
Rec'd during 2d week in September, 40,733 22

Total up to September 15, $722,268 30
The quantity of flour and wheat brought to the
Hudson river via the Erie Canal, during the same
periods, was as follows:


BrIs. flour.
Rec'd up to 7th Sept. 270,334
" during 2d week in Sept. 15,447


Total up to Sept. 15,


285.781


Bush. wheat.
48,702
14,518

63,220


LONDON, August 22.
Sugar-Foreign Sugars have been taken for the
Russia markets, and a cargo of Pernambuco at 22s
to 24s for Holland. The refined market is spar-
ingly supplied, and the grocers are compelled to pay
an advance. To pass the standard, Sugars fetch
74s per cwt.
Coffee-A few parcels of Brazil have changed
hands, at a slight improvement in value.
Cotton-The demand is improving here as well
as at Liverpool, and prices are 1-8d to 1-4 per lb.
higher.
Tea-The demand is steady.
Tallow-The market is firm at 39s 6d per cwt.
The advices from Hamburg state that much
business had been done in foreign sugar at rather
higher prices; the purchases were 2800 boxes yel-
low Havana at 20s 7d to 21s; 400 boxes ordinary
white 32s 5d to 38s 2d; 250 cases low white Bahia
23s lid to 28s 3d. and 350 brown 16s 2d to 18s 7d.

DIED,
At Nyack, on the 6th instant, after a protracted
illness, Mr. David Robertson, a native of Perth,
Scotland, and for many years in the Bank of New
Yoik in this city.
On Monday 18th inst., at Hagerstown, Md., the
residence of her father, Jacob Hollingsworth, Esq.,
Mary Yellott, wife of William M. Gibson, of Bal-
timore.
At New Orleans, on the 28th of August, Mr.
WVilliam Ostmann, a native of Malaga, in Spain, in
the 25th year of his age. Mr. Ostmann fell a vic-
*tim to The yellow fever, after an illness of only four
-days; and has died much esteemed by the circle of
friends whom he had made during a residence of
:about nine months in Louisiana. It may be some
'consolation to his relatives to know that every thing
'was done for him that humanity could suggest, and
tthat his dying moments were soothed by the pre-
:sence of those friends whom he loved the most, and
by whom the last sad offices were performed in the
.6oman Catholic Cemetery of that city.


POSTSCRIPT.
Half past one o'clock.
BY EXPRESS MAIL.
(From our Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON, Sept. 22.
In the Senate, Mr. Davis presented a great num-
ber of petitions from Mississippi, against the an-
nexation of Texas and the establishment of a Na-
tional Bank.
The orders of the day having been taken up,
Mr. Talmadge took the floor. He attributed a
great portion of the present distress to the Specie
Circular. He maintained that the present Sub-
Treasury scheme was nothing new, that it had ori-
ginated with the opposition, who could only rally
thirty-three votes to its support. The scheme
would give a better currency" to the officers of
,Government, while it gave a depreciated one to the
.people. Pending his remarks the Express left.
In the House, petitions are still pouring in from
.Adams enters the hall daily, with his pockets wel
.filled with memorials on the subject, fiom the wo.
,men of every state in the Union. Upwards of one
,hour is taken up every morning in the presentation
-of these papers. It is estimated that there will be
several waggons load ofthem for consideration by
the arrival of the regular session, to which time
they are referred.
This morning the Speaker presented a memorial
:from the Northern Liberties of Philadelphia, eulo-
gizing the House for its resolution prohibiting the
sale of ardent spirits in the Capitol. This announce-
:ment was received with a burst of laughter, which
was of course hypocritical, as there are few tempe-
,rance members. However, it is hoped that Mr.
Wise will make them proselytes.
The House took up the unfinished business of
'yesterday, being the resolution of Mr. Wise on the
failure of the Florida war. Mr. Bell took the floor,
Sand spoke at considerable length on the proposed
Amendment, relative to the appointment of a com.
mittee to investigate the subject. He advocated
rthe appointment of a committee by ballot, and con-
tended that it should not devolve on the Speaker.
.Alluding to the prosecution of the war, he declared
. it had not cost Government less than twenty millions
More millions would be required. He said it was
'well known that Government was now organizing
;a regular force, consisting of about 8,000 men,
;for the purpose of again penetrating the swamps
,of Florida, where the number of the enemy did not
exceed 2000. He thought the country had a right
to demand why such extensive preparations were
made to quell a handful of Indians. He thought
.the failure was to be attributed to the imbecility
.and inefficiency of the regular army, through not
being properly supplied with officers. He alluded


NEW-YORK AMHERICAN.
MONDAYY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 25, 1837.
Office, 74 Cedarstreet, two doors jrom Broadway.

iTJ" To THE WHIGS of this city we have only a
few words to say, and they can hardly be needed.
"Attend the Ward meetings this evening."-
Much, very much, depends on a proper selection
of nominating committees.

A NEW TREASURY CIRCULAR.-The extraordi-
nary Circular of Mr. Secretary Woodbury, which
has been the topic of discussion in Wa 1 street for
several days, has seen the light through the Balti-
more Chronicle. from which we here copy it.
TREASURY DEPARTMENT,
September 19, 1837.
Sir ; A bill is now before Congress to authorize
the President of the United States to cause the issue
of Treasury Notes for such sum or sums as he may
think expedient; but not exceeding in the whole
amount of notes issued, the sum of twelve millions
of dollars, and of denominations of not less than
one hundred dollars for any one note, to be reim-
bursed at the Treasury of the United States, after
the expiration of one year from the dates of the said
notes respectively.
I will thank you to state whether, in the event of
the passage of this bill, you will agree to take the said
notes front the Government, and give the Treasur-
er of the United States a credit for the amount;
to be drawn for as may be necessary, and payable in
specie if required; and, if so, to state what amount
you will receive, and the lowest rate of interest to be
borne by said notes.
I am vety respectfully, your obedient servant,
LEVI WOODBURY,
Secretary of the Treasury.
There are some considerations resulting from
this Circular, which seen to us worthy of serious
attention.


In the first place, what becomes of the loud-
mouthed professions in favor of a total divorce of
the State from the Banks? The President's mes-
sage in language decent at least, and the Ex-Pre-
sident's letters from the Hermitage, in language
characteristic, if not decent, denounced these banks
as ineffective and dishonest, and both proclaimed
the words of power to sway the popular mind-
"complete divorce of Bank and State." And we
have here the Treasury Secretary-whom no one
suspects of exercising any independent volition-
applying to these very banks to aid him at his
need, and to take his promises to pay-made in the
name of the people, whom all the while he and his
fellows have been beguiling with the cry of gold,
gold, gold-at such rate as they might think reason-
able, and to give credit to the Treasurer of the Unit-
ed States for the amount-" to be paid in specie if
required !
Instead, then, of a divorce, we have the adulter-
ous connection continued and sanctioned anew--
and instead of gold," the promises to pay of a
bankrupt Treasury, a new emission of "rags" by
the very men who ascribe all the present evils to
an excess of "rags" already in circulation !
Will the people, can the people, fail to perceive
the utter incompatibility of this proposition, with
the doctrines of the message, and the resolves of
the faithful here and elsewhere, about the only con-
stitutional currency ?
But as addressed to our banks, the proposition is
open to the objection of tempting them to violate
the laws of the State, by selling'their specie. The
act that authorized the suspension of specie pay-
ments forbade the banks from disposing of their
specie at a profit, and yet here comes the Secreta-
ry of the Treasury with a seductive offer to them,
to sell their coin for United States promises to
pay.
Again, our banks, in order to diminish their cir-
culation, with a view to the speediest possible
resumption of specie payments-have been putting
the screws on their debtors. It is at such a moment,
when they have increased the amount of coin in
their vaults, and have-notwithstanding-been able
to pay off nearly all they owed to the Govern-
ment-that the Secretary of thc Treasury, profes-
sing to desire of all things a restoration of specie
payments, is endeavoring to induce the banks by
the greater profits they could make in taking his
" rags"-to part with the means of speedily re-
deeming their own.
Yet all this is in keeping with the spirit and sub.
stance of the message, and of the party speeches
and resolutions, in one particular,that it aims at re-
lief for the Treasury and the office holders, and
leaves the people, the dear people, to take care of
themselves. It is another step in the process of
securing gold to the office holders, and "rags" to
the community.
That this is so, must be obvious to every one
who reflects, that just in proportion as the Banks
should accede to this proposition, would the period
be retarded at which they could redeem their own
notes in coin. For, the gold and silver they have,
would be paid out to the Government in purchase
of their Treasury drafts, and that gold and silver
_-_i e"n t- na the men in office--the members of.
Congress in the way of hush-money, the con-
tractors, and other useful, active, and of course,
grateful, dependents of Government; while the
merchants, the professional men, the farmers, the
mechanics, the laborers of this nation-who nei-
ther feed, nor desire to feed, at the public crib, but
"in the sweat of their face," eat their honest and
sweet, though hard-earned bread, are for a still
longer period to be paid in bank rags."
It is no answer to tlis to say, that our Banks
will not, and dare not, accept the tempting offer.
Mr. Secretary is none the less a corrupter, because
those whom he approached are too honest, or too
fearful to take the bait; norany the less guilty of a
fraudulent delusion upon the people.

[From the .National Gazette.]
We learn that Samuel Jaudon, Esq. Cashier of
the Bink of the United States, has been appointed
the Agent of the Bank to reside in London; and
Mr. Cowperthwait, one of the Assistant Cashiers,
elected his successor.
The arrangement indicated in this paragraph
has been the subject of much conversation for seve-
ral days in this city; and is looked upon generally,
we believe, as one likely to facilitate the business
arrangements between England and America.
An agency of the United States in London
might supersede, perhaps, in a degree, the use of


bills of exchange between the importers of Euro-
pean goods and the manufacturers, by enabling
the importer, on depositing his funds with the


f Texas might not consider it a eat favor to bd h
taken into the United States, unless they are insur- p
d from all damage on account of certain misde- c,
meanors remembered against them. h
C
PENNSYLVANIA.-The United States Gazette re- o
alls to us that the election in Pennsylvania, instead tj
If succeeding, is contemporaneous with, that of N. h
jersey and indeed earlier, for although both begin d
In 10th October, that in New Jersey lasts two n
lays, whereas the Pennsylvania election is deter- Y
nined in one.
What the United States Gazette says in relation fi
o New Jersey, we copy, and apply alike to it and r
o other States, where elections are approaching. h
The election in New Jersey commences on the
10th and closes on the llth. We have reason to
believe, that all is well in New Jersey; yet we be-
seech our Whig friends not to be too confident--
rally, let your majorities be large-your election is i.
lot for United States officers-the strength of your C
majorities, therefore, will give moral effect to your
victories. c
THE WAY THE PEOPLE'S MONET IS SQUANDER- C
ED.-The corruption and extravagance of the Gen-
eral Government may be judged from a fact stated
by Mr. Garland of Louisiana in a speech on the I
Florida War. He said, that while travelling in
Florida, he had heard it explicitly stated that, in
one case,forty cords of wood had cost the United States t
SEVEN' THOUSd'ND DOLLARS! Another t
fact had been openly stated as a matter well known,
that for a single trip in a certain steamboat up the
river Apalachicola, her owner had received a sum
sufficient to pay the whole cost of the boat !
How many millions of the people's money have
been squandered in this most iniquitous Florida
W !

[From the .Norfolk Herald.]
Mr. Rives stated in his speech on Tuesday, that
there were 100,000 officers employed in the collec-
tion, custody and disbursement of the public mo-
ney, under the sub-treasury system in France. W< 11
was it remarked by a French satyrist that the pub-
lic money, in the manner of its collection in that
country, was like a lump of butter passed from
hand to hand, each of which was greased with a
portion, until at last, when it reached its destination,
(the Treasury,) there was scarcely any left. We
do not like the idea of greasing so many fingers
with the Treasury butter.

[From the Goshen Democrat.]
CAUTION.-The Administration Editors in this
State, and elsewhere, are hereby cautioned against
forming any opinion on political subjects, without
first consulting their leaders. Hear the denuncia-
tion upon all such as give credit to the views and
opinions of the .Madisonian,"the newly elected print-
er to Congress:
[From the Independent Republican of the 16th.1
We really hope that those of our editorial
brethren who would maintain a character for up-
rightness and consistency, and not be blown about
by every wind of doctrine,' will be extremely cau-
tious in giving credit to the views or opinions of the
'Madisonian,' the new conservative organ establish-
ed at Washington: for we entertain not the least
scruple in saying, that it does not hold a single sen-
timent in common with the members of the repub-
lican party, or the measures which they support,
and he who is guilty of it, either expressed or im-
pliedly, WE shall post as a TRAITOR, and look
upon as a'WOLF IN SHEEP'S CLOTHING.'"'
This is extremely modest, to say the least of it,
and we trust the editor's editorial brethren," as
well as the rank and file in the party in old Orange,
will observe the proper caution. It is necessary for
the leaders to be extremely rigid in these times of
political defection. Let all such as are leaning
towards the conservative doctrine think of their fate
and tremble.

[From the .National Intelligencer.]
T WENT Y-FIFTH CONGRESS.
FIRST SESSION.
HoUse OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Thursday, Sept. 21.
Inquiry on the Florida War.
The House then passed to the unfinished busi-
ness of yesterday morning, which was the consid-
eration of Mr. W.ise's resolution for the appoint-
ment of a select committee on the subject of the
Florida War.
Mr. Glasceck moved to amend the resolution by
striking out all after the word Resolved, and insert-
ing the following:
That a select committee be appointed to in-
quire into the causes of the Florida war, and the
causes of the extraordinary delays"' and failure%,
and the expenditures which have attended the pro-
secution of the same; and all the facts connected
with its history generally; and that said com-
mittee have power to send for persons and pa-
pers."
Mr. Howard moved to amend this amendment
by substituting for a select committee the Commit-
tee on Military Affairs.
Mr. H. supported his motion by a speech in
which he referred ta his own course of last session
in relation to the controversy between Michigan
and Ohio, in proof that, in making this motion, he
acted on a general principle, and not temporary or
sDecial consideration. Heconsidered it best in all


cases to refer the matter to a standing committee of
the House in preference to a select committee,
wherever the subject-matter pertained to the gen-
eral class of duties assigned to such standing com-
mittee. Hegrounded his objection to the appoint-
ment of select committees on the inconvenience it
often occasioned fron. the members belonging of-
ten to a standing committee also; whose business
was sometimes materially interrupted. He read
the rule prescribing the duties which pertain to the
Military Committee, and argued to show that a
subject like the present one came exactly within
the range ot their duties, and pertained in tn epe-
cial manner to that committee rather than any oth-
er. Besides, if the investigation was intended to
lead to any practical result, it would be a saving of
time and trouble to send it at once to that commit-
tee which would have in the end to propose the
measures to be adopted. Mr. H. denied that the
course of the Flarida war reflected any disgrace on
the national arms. From a careful perusal of all
the testimony laid before the Courts Martial, he
had come to the conclusion that the blame, if any,
rested neither on either of the Generals, on the Se-
cretary of War, or the President; but that the
failures arose from the natural difficulties of the
country which had been the theatre of war, and the
distance from it of the seat of Government. The
directing mind and the executing arm must be to-
gether, or failure was inevitable.
Mr. Muhlenburg said that when listening yes-
terday to some of the remarks which fell from the
honorable gentleman from Virginia, (Mr. Wise,)
he regretted exceedingly that they should have
been uttered by that gentleman: they were in bad
taste, and did but little credit to his head or heart.
The attack on the gentleman from Rhode Island,
(Mr. Pearce,) who was absent and unable to de-
fend himself, was unjust and ungenerous. It re-
flected credit on no man to insult a fallen foe, and
to strike one who was unable to resist. Had the
gentleman been present, no blame could attach to
the conduct of the gentleman from Virginia, as he
had no doubt the late member from Rhode Island
would have given him a Rowland for his Oliver-
measure for measure. But Mr. M. did not intend
to reproach the gentleman from Virginia. His
goodness of heart, he was sure, must have induced
that gentleman, ere now, to regret the hasty and
uncalled-for remarks into which he had been be-
t.---.l 6; L:- atardnvi -o-- ~ .1~ -I, H M 1%nrl


ad little to say. He nevei; h d head anly co0m- ra
saints from the gentleman before in relation to the th
onductof the committee. Never during its sitting m
ad any such complaint been uttered ; and at the t)
lose of the committee's labors, a unanimous vote ju
f thanks to the chairman had been passed, when ul
he tear which glistened in that gentleman's eye as ct
le returned his acknowledgments, and the apparent
'ood feeling in which they parted, seemed to tell a s3
different tale. Mr. M. said he was sorry he had in
lot had an opportunity of making these remarks st
yesterday al
Mr, Wise rose in reply. He was happy, indeed, w
xtreinely happy, that the honorable gentleman sc
rom Pennsylvania, for whom he cherished sincere fr
respect, had had time to sleep one night on what pi
ie had heard yesterday, and to come here prepared E
vith thought and word for the occasion this day. ci
3y the observations of the honorable gentleman, -
dr. Wise was called up, without preparation, but le
eady, notwithstanding, to reply. And what was s(
he amount of the gentleman's statement? Did it ti
n the least contradict what Mr. W. had said the I-
lay before ? Unless, indeed, in the immaterial cir- r(
cumstance of the clerk's sickness, that was a colla- nr
,erial question, and of no manner of importance. I V
challenge contradiction (cried Mr. W.) as to the p
nain point; neither you nor your majority could h
rote for the report as it was read to you ; you fur- I
wished matter to Mr. Pearce, and Mr. Pearce did A
not draw up the report. Can you deny it ? b,
Mr. Muhlenberg. Mr. Pearce was directed to rn
Iraw up the report, and '1 presume he did. li
Mr. Wise resumed. I call on my colleague on I
the committee from Massachusetts, (Mr. Lincoln,)
to substantiate my statement. Mr. Pearce d d ad- fi
nit to me, I believe he made the same admission to s
,he gentleman from Massachusetts, 1 am sure he E
jid to the gentleman from South Carolinia, (Mr. li
Campbell,) that the report was drawn up by Hallett; t
Ind he gave that fact as an apology for the enor- t
mous falsehoods it contained. I pause to hear the L
statement of the gentleman from Massachusetts. c
Mr. Lincoln here rose and expressed his regret e
that he had been called upon as a witness. [What r
he next said was in so low a voice as to be unin- o
telligible at the Reporter's seat; when heard he e
was understood to say :] In a subsequent conver- s,
station Mr. Pearce admitted that he was not the au- I
thor of the report; said that he disapproved the t
language employed, and charged it on the gentle- b
man who had been employed as secretary to the o
committee. [Here again Mr. L. was for a few r
moments inaudible.] I do believe whatever of an t
unpleasant kind had taken place before, resulted, in v
a great degree, from an unfriendly feeling on the t
part of the agent employed by the committee, and j
still more from the officious, impertinent and un-
pardonable interference of gentlemen not themselves t
members of the committee,who instigated him to c
the insertion of what was so offensive. I am bound
in candor to say, that when the majority of the r
committee became informed of the language con- '
trained in the report, it was as severely reprobated c
by the gentlemen of the majority, as by those of i
the minority ; and the report was in consequence r
changed-though the degree in which it was altered s
may perhaps be attributable in part to a distinct I
intimation that the facts would otherwise be brought f
into this House. t
Mr. Wise. I hope, now; that I am fully corro- j
borated; and I leave it to this House, and to the
Nation, to say whether my'heart or my head is t
deserving of reproach for stating the truth. It must t
now be admitted, the gentleman from Pennsylvania i
himself must admit, that. in stating the truth on the E
authority of Dutee J. Pearce himself, if any offence
has been committed against his character, he has
been himself the offender. He is my authority for i
saying that the clerk of the committee did write i
that report.
And now let me say to the gentleman from Penn-
sylvania, that I have always entertained the high-
est respect for his "goodness of heart;" I have J
known him since his first entrance in this House,
and have ever respected him personally; but let
me say to that gentleman, that if he shall ever
chance to be placed on another committee of inves-
tigation, unless he shall do his duty a little better
than he did when on that of last Congress-espe- "
cially unless he shall care to see that a report to
which he attaches his signature is his own-I can-
not entertain the same degree of respect for his
"head."
Mr. Muhlenberg. I thank the gentleman for his
compliments.
Mr. W. It is true Hallett was sick; but, mind
you, it was not at the time when the materials were
Collected on which the report was to be founded:
he got over his sickness afterward,though his whole
appearance plainly told that this his first sickness
had not been feigned. He was attended, I think,
by Dr. Sewall, and when he returned to the com-
mittee the fever blister was on his lip. He was ab-
sent for a week or ten days, and after members had
done his duty for him, at length an assistant clerk
(brother to the postmaster of this House) was ap.
pointed at $4 a day, while Hallett was receiving
$8. And now I w4 f(-' -'hr ,lernItnan from Penn-
sylvania a fact. Aftel.tlae committee-but I must
describe the wholescene: A week before the rising
of the committee, I gave notice that I should expect
the majority to prepare their report, and have it in
readiness; a certain day was appointed on which
our labor in committee was to cease; I think that
was the Saturday immediately before the adjourn-
ment. Well:-on the Monday following, I asked
whether the report of the majority was ready ?-
The answer was "No." I asked again on Tues-
day, (the House was to adjourn on Friday,) and
still the answer was "No." It was, I think, on


Wednesday morning that the report was at length
brought in; but as it began to be read, the lan-
guage was found so offensive that my colleague on
the committee, from South Carolina, (Mr. Camp-
bell,) inquired whether the report was amendable ?
and a question arose on that point in the commit-
tee. After a discussion, it was determined by the
majority that the report should be read through,and
the objectionable passages marked as we went on.
The report was read by Mr. Abijah K. Mann,
and Mr. Campbell took his pen for the purpose of
making a note of the objectionable passages; but
when he had filled about half a page, he threw
down his pen, and soon added to Mr. Mann, "draw
black lines round that passage-mark-a black line
down that margin ;" and soon after cried out," that
whole paragraph is offensive." At length, as the
reading proceeded, the indignation of the South
Carolinean became uncontrollable; he sprang up,
and, striking the table with violence, declared with
an oath, (for which, said Mr. W., I was obliged to
call him to order, but his vehemence was irresisti-
ble,) I tell you, that the man who dares to report
that to the House of Representatives LIES: I shall
hold him personally responsible to me; and if he
refuses to meet me as a gentleman, I will chastise
h;im wherever I meet him." He then turned to the
door of the committee, locked it, and put the key in
his pocket, and protested that he never would take
it out until the offensive portions of that report
were expunged. Mr. Pearce then began to make
apologies, and--[here Mr. Wise sank his voice so
as to be inaudible to the Reporter. It is to be re-
gretted that this is often, nay, almost always the
case, in the most emphatic parts of :hat gentleman's
speeches.] The majority did express its dissent
strongly. I remember my colleague from Massa-
chusetts, (Mr. Lincoln,) rose to his feet and said
that, if lightning had fallen from heaven into the
committee room, he should not have been more as-
tonished than he was at the language of that report;
it was nothing but a tissue of falsehood from end to
end. Mr. Pearce, (said he,) I cannot believe that
you ever wrote that report I am very sure no
member ef this committee could have been brazen
enough to put such language on paper." The mi-
nority then retired, leaving the document in the
hands of the majority ; and they did cleanse it of
much of its falsehood, scurrility, and abuse-leav-
ing it, however, still the report of Hallett; and that
fellow had the impudence afterwards to complain
that the majority had "quite spoiled his report;


I.gernerit of s uijeet. Owing to this state of
lings, the minority had no opportunity to compare
y report with the testimony, to judge of its fideli-
; and I therefore considered them as perfectly
istifiable in declining to sign it. But they drew ii
p a general report, in which all the minority con- F
irred perfectly. i3
Let me, therefore, tell the gentleman from Penn- b
ylvania that my report never was read in the com-
littee at all-never. I took Mr. Mann aside, and a
lowed him the part which related to him person- ti
Jly. No portion ofit. ever was stricken out. There f,
as language in some parts of it which, I dare say,
ome gentlemen who were of different temperament 9
om myself would condemn: but at least I did not s
resent as mine what was the work of another.- I
very line, every letter of it was my own. To the
tossing of a t or the dotting of an i, it was my own
-worthy or unworthy. Ido full justice to mycol- r
leagues fiom South Carolina and from Massachu- t
itts; they did their duty as far as they could, but a
ley were also members of other committees of the
house I could not expect them to sign blindly a
port they had never read. How many of the
majority perfectly blindfolded, signed [here Mr.
Vise was not heard: he spoke with extreme em-
hasis of gesture, but in tones so low that not one U
alf the House could distinctly hear him.] I hope (
have now done, forever, with this subject. *
ks to what Hallett may say or publish I care not a
awbee. I understand he made a violent attack on
ie the last summer; but I care nothing for the Bil-
ngsgate of such beings as Hallett or Dutee J.
Pearce.
I will now say a few words to the gentleman
rom Maryland, (Mr. Howard.) He wishes this
subject referred to the Military Committee. Why,
iir, can he ask this ? I call the gentleman to the 3
ist of the members of that committee. The gen- (
leman from North Carolina (Mr. McKay) is at 1
he head of it: and of the whole nine members,
but one Opposition man is to be found. In the '
committees of investigation, you had 6 to 3; but 3
ight to one that is rather too bad. I care not
nuch, however, whether this matter takes one form
ir the other. If the committee is notlto be appoint-
d by ballot, and if the necessary time is not to be
:iven, it is little matter where the inquiry is sent.
Nay, if it is to be a committee who do not desire.a
thorough investigation of the matter, it would be
letter to have none at all. Such committees are
inly shields for the Administration. I know the '
isk I am running in bringing forward this resolu-
ion; but I feel a sense of duly in the matter
which I cannot resist. I ask the House to appoint
he committee by ballot: can there be any valid ob-
ection ?
I will modify my resolution by striking out
he word "enormous" before" expenditures," be-
cause it seems to imply censure in advance.
If the gentleman from Maryland has read all the
records of the Courts Martial, and still cannot tell
where the blame ought to be laid, we will give him
lata to make up an opinion ; and the same data
will answer for the whole country. I appeal to him
not to seek to stifle investigation. I should indeed
suppose that the Administration had been taught,
)y this time, not to resist the calls of the People
for light. All I ask in justice to the Administra-
ion, to the Opposition, to the President, and the
Army, is LIGHT. Give us the light of heaven on
your deeds, that the country may know and weigh
them. If you can bear a ray, and come out clear,
then you may boldly stand up and say-our acts
are known, they have stood the touchstone, they
ire registered with the People. When a full in-
vestigation shall have been had, if the People shall
lay that I have complained without reason, I am
ready to fall down flat at their feet; and when I
;ee the institutions of my country die and perish, I
will say to my soul, the People have so willed it."
The hour set apart for resolutions having expir-
ed, Mr. Cambreleng called for the Orders of the
Day.

CONGRESS-Friday.
In the Senate Mr. Talmadge, as has before been
stated, chiefly occupied the day in opposition to the
sub-Treasury scheme. He was followed by Mr.
Strange and Mr. Calhoun.
Mr. Calhoun said there were but two plans sub-
mitted, the one by the Committee on Finance, and
the other by the Senator from Virginia. He placed
these plans in contrast, to show that the latter was
too objectionable to be taken. He laid it down
that no bank could resume specie payments during
the year 1838, without great sacrifice; and he
looked on the amendment of the Senator from Vir-
ginia as an invitation to the Pennsylvania Bank of
the United States to resume specie payments,
which she might do through her great money con-
nections to the injury of other banks. He regarded
the argument as to the two currencies as inapplica-
ble to the case, and said he had great doubts
whether there could be constitutionally any other
currency than gold and silver. He considered the
evils which would result from a continuance of the
union between Bank and State, as far greater than
any which could result from a separation.
Mr. Benton followed in approbation of Mr. Cal-
houn's amendment:
He said that the issue had changed. Until late-
ly we were laboring to redeem the States from a
paper system. Now the States are endeavoring to
fasten a paper currency on the Federal Govern-
ment. We (said he) are flying from their embrace,
but they are pursuing us. He would consider the
adoption of this amendment as being the greatest
favor that could be conferredhi every solvent bank
in the Union, and he supposed no one wished to
cherish insolvent banks.


On Saturday the debate was resumed. Mr.
King, of Georgia, spoke at length against the bill,
and moved to postpone it till the regular session of
Congress. Mr. Tipton supported this motion, and
it was opposed by Mr. Calhoun, without any deci-
sion.
In the House of Representatives on Friday, the
Florida war was again the subject for a time, Mr.
Bell and Mr. Gholson speaking, the latter with some
asperity towards Mr. Wise-who was prevented
by the expiration of the hour from rejoining on the
spot.
Theposlponement deposit bill was then again de-
bated-Mr. C. Shepherd and Mr. Sibley, of this
State, opposing it, and Messrs. Cushman, Holsey,
Faii field, and Parker, supporting it-when the com-
mittee rose, against the earnest entreaties of Mr.
Cambreleng, who pressed a decision, for in another
week the government would be without a shilling.
On Saturday Mr. Wise replied to Mr. Gholson
-we copy from the Courier & Enquirer. After
treating the general question,
Mr. W. referred to some remarks of Mr.
Gholson made yesterday, but to which he (Mr.
W.) was not allowed to reply in consequence of
the house proceeding to the order of the day. That
gentleman had said, that the scenes which had oc-
curred in the committee room were disgraceful to
the committee, disgraceful to the House, and dis-
graceful to the country. They did not so appear in
the morning papers, but such were the words. He
(Mr. W.) agreed in the general remark that they
were so. He had taken none of this general re-
mark to himself, or as intended to be personally
applicable to himself or to his absent friend. If it
was so, if it was clear that it was so intended-if it
was inte ded to say that he or his friend were the
authors of these disgraces committed on either of
these committees, he would say to him who uttered
the word, in his foul throat le lies. That was all
he had to say.
Mr. Gholson, in reply, said that in relation to the
gentleman from Tennessee, no remarks that he had
made were intended to apply to him; for he (Mr.
G. \ wvnlr)d nerr reflect nnan n alh-tnt M-An A Q t


[From the Savannah Republican of Sept 18.j
FROM FLORIDA, d
IMPORaANT RUMOR.-A passenger who arrived
rn the steamboat Santee on Saturday last from h
Black Creek, informs us that whilst the Santee was r
ying at the mouth of the St. Johns, lie went on t
board the steamboat John Stoney, which had just b
arrived from Black Creek, and was informed that a
he steamboat Essayons had arrived at Black Creek f
from Picolata, with an Express, stating that an en- s
gagement had taken place at Musquito, a few days t
since between the forces under the command of Gen.
icrnandez and a party of Indians under Philip
mnd Euchee Billy. The eng igement lasted about 20
ninutes-in which three Indians were killed, and ,
hirty taken prisoners; among the latter were Philip i
and Euchee Billy. Lieut McNeil of the Dragoons
was killed.

On occasion of the death of the assistantt /Alder-
nan of the llth Ward, JOHN MILLER, a special
meeting of the Common Council was held yester-
day, at which resolutions of condolence and regret
were passed, and preparations made to attend the
funeral today.

To the Editor of the Churchman:
NEW YORK, Sept. 23d, 1837.
Reverend and Dear Sir-I have read, with at-
tention, the paragraph concerning me, found in
your valuable paper, entitled "The Churchman,"
of this day's date. As I believe you to be a chris-
tian in truth, and a man of candor, having the glory
of Christ's Kingdom at heart, I am convinced that
you will do me the justice to insert this letter into
your paper-especially as I am a stranger in this
happy land, and have come here, not for the pur-
pose of seeking pecuniary assistance, but for the
purposes of recovering my health, of publishing the
Gospel to Jew and Gentile, of inquiring into the
origin of the Indians, and of being refreshed by
christian communion ; nor only so, but also receiv-
ing the brotherly and kind counsel of christians
more advanced in christian experience than myself.
Verily, I am not come here to excite contention be-
tween brethren, but to give the right hand of fellow-
ship to all, of all denominations, who love the Lord
Jesus Christ in sincerity and truth. However, you
state several things as facts, to which I undertake
herewith to give a categorical answer.
1st. You state: Mr. Wolff was once a believer in
Mr. Irving's mission, and his gift of tongues."
I answer to this unequivocally and decidedly, that
you are, in this respect, totally mistaken, and I chal.
lenge you hereby to produce one single document
by which you can prove this assertion. I, on the
contrary, can appeal to my declaration, published in
the Globe of London, in the month of September,
1835, in which I distinctly stated that I disavow
all belief in the delusions of my most excellent
friend Edward Irving, and most especially respect-
ing the unknown tongue. I also can appeal to the
testimony of the Rev. Mr. Whittingham, of this
city, that I shewed to him, when at Malta in 1834,
a letter which I had written to my friend John
Bayford, Esq., one of Irving's school, in which I de
cidedly stated that I believed them to be in delu-
sion. I can further appeal to the testimony of Sir
Thomas Baring, Baronet, in whose hands is to be
found the original correspondence carried on between
Mr. Drummond and myself, in which correspond-
ence I decidedly told my old friend Mr. Drummond,
now a chief leader of Irving's party, that the pre-
sent delusion of his friends regarding their unknown
tongues, will end in a transition either to Infidelity
or to Popery,-and this declaration of mine led to
a sad rupture between Mr. Drummond and myself.
-The Rt. Rev. Bishop M'Ilvaine, of Ohio, dined
with me at the table of Sir Thomas Baring, in com-
pany of Bishop Ryder, and Sir Thomas will pro-
bably have made him acquainted with my views
on the subject of Irvingism. My friend Walter
Cresson, of Philadelphia, who lately came from
England, was there informed by the Rev. William
Dodsworth, a gentleman who stands high in the
Church of England, that I had openly protested
against the delusions of Irving: and he also heard
the same thing from Mr. Drummond himself, a
chief leader of Irving's party.
IfI thad been a believer in "Irving's Mission,"
and the Unknown Tongues," I never would have
been invited by the London Jews' Society, in the
month of May, 1835, to advocate the cause of mis-
sions in Exeter Hall, in the presence of 4000 peo-
ple, and among them the Bishop of Ohio, who, at
that time, desired that I should be introduced to
him; nor could I, as an Irvingite, have accepted
such an invitation of a missionary society, which
the Irvingites declare to be Babylon. My corres-
pondence with Mr. Drummond has also been read
by the Rev. Messrs. McNeile and Bickersteih : bv


Lord Mandeville, and Washington Philipps; by
Dr. Chalmers, the Rev. Mr. Cunningham, of Har-
row, the late Mr. Simeon, Mr. Stuart,*&. Fur-
ther, if I had been an Irvingite, Mr. Simeon would
never have gone from Cambridge to London for the
express purpose of taking me with him to Cam-
bridge,in order that I might have an opportunity
afforded me to address the students of the Univer-
sity.
But whilst I hereby disclaim, in toto, the charac-
ter of a believer in the prophetic mission, or the
unknown tongues, of Irving, I owe it to the charac-
ter of my departed friend to declare openly, that I
believe him, (Mr. Irving,) in spite of his errors, to
have been a very holy man-a sun covered with
some clouds-and that many of his enemies bothered
him into errors; and I hope to see my erring bro-
ther in heaven.
2. You state "something, too, we have seen,
though we cannot just now put our hands on the
proof, of his supposed power of miracles and belief
in natural magic."
To this I answer simply: my views respecting
miracles, and respecting the manner in which the
Lord convinced me that his arm is not shortened,
and how I have seen magicians in the East, as de-
scribed in Scripture, are stated in my printed jour-
nal, now about to be republished in America, co-
pies of which are deposited in all the libraries of
the different Missionary Societies at London, and
which in one month went through two editions,
and has been translated into German by Dr. Blum-
hardt, and into French by the friends of missions
at Paris.
3. You say that I have "discovered a new me-
thod of argumentation with the Jews."
AYou allude to my belief in the literal fulfilment
of prophecy. I answer: this belief of mine, Sir, is
not a nwv discovery. It was taught by Justin Mar-
tyr, and made use of in his conversations with Try.
pho, the Jew. It is a belief, a doctrine, holden by
Irenaeus and Papias ; a doctrine of which Jerome,
one of the chief of its early opponents, said, thatit
was believed by many holy men."
4. The abstract which was given to you, of my
lecture in the Tabernacle, was partly correct, part-
ly erroneous; for I believe that distinct places will
be appointed for heaven and hell; and I do not be-
lieve, that the only punishment of the wicked
ed will be remorse of conscience :" but as far
as I can remember, I said that "the fiery flood
* I, -,- - - -, ,i -


nade the whole public-and i cannot, nor indetid
lo I wish to:retract what I have written, However,
have not hitherto proclaimed Joseph Wolff or his
visions; but Jesus Christ, and him crucified, and
lis return in the clouds of Heaven, in glory and in
majesty. Whether I am right or wrong in regard
o my literal interpretation of prophecy must be
determined, not by any letter written at Calcutta,
but by the grammatical construction of Holy Writ,
and by the interpretation of its figures and symbols,
or the purpose of bringing out of those figures anc
symbols, not a Platonic .Mysticism, but the corres-
;onding physical, historical and literal meaning.
For myself, what may be thought or said of me,
s of little importance. I am come to America
without coveting the money, the favor, or the praise
of any one. 1 am come to serve Christ in the
Jospel. You surely do not wish to prevent me
'rom so doing; for then you would have to answer
it before God. For my part, I shall continue to
proclaim the glad tidings of salvation, as long as
truth shall be within me.
JOSEPH WOLFF, Missionary.
ALMS-HOUSE, BRIDEWELL AND PENITENTIARY.
-We have received the,,Report of the Commission-
ers, made 11lth September instant, in obedience to a
requisition of the Common Council in May last.
From a note of the Commissioners, we learn the to-
tal number of the inmates on 9th September, 1837,
were 3332; on 10th Sept. 1836, 2327. Increase
in one year, 1005. Of this number are foreigners,
887. The Commissioners say, "This exhibit, it is
believed, justifies the demand for increased commu-
tation fees, and points to the necessity of enforcing,
all laws, touching the introduction of foreign emi-
grants. It is to be noticed, that a considerable
proportion of the children classed as natives are
born of foreign parents shortly after their arrival
here."
From their report it would appear, that there are
now 2045 foreigners a charge upon the city ; and
the increase in the last year is 88 per cent. foreign
inmates, or 15 foreigners to two natives-proving
conclusively that in case of distress, they are the
first to realize its effects and become a charge upon
the city.-[Merc. Adv.1
According to a letter from Vienna, Counti Os-
trowski, the marshal of the Polish Diet, and the
Generalissimo Skryzy necki, have obtained a respite
from the Austrian government, permitting them to
remain in the empire. The measure appears to have
been adopted in consequence of a declaration of the
French government, that all the Polish refugees
should be received in the territory of France. Pass-
ports for England or America were offered to the
two illustrious exiles, who, however, announced
their determination to proceed only to France or
Belgium, and were then allowed by M. de Metter-
nich to remain unmolested.

I T E i S.
About 1 o'clock yesterday morning, a fire broke
out in the Spice and Coffee store of Messrs S wail &
Blair, 133 Cedar street. The building and contents
were nearly consumed. Loss about $3000.
CORONER'S OFFICE.-An inquest was held on
Saturday on the body of John Barton, aged 22, a
carpenter by trade, who fell from the scaffold of the
Catholic Church in Barclay street, where he was at
work. The deceased was engaged in sawing a piece
of timber, and in bracing himself up his foot slipped
and he fell to the ground, killing him instantly.
Verdict, accidental death.
The pine barrens, a few miles out of Albany,
were set on fire on Friday evening, and were still
burning when the Journal of Saturday evening1went
to press. Every thing was so dry that damage and
danger were apprehended.
St. Paul's church at Albany was entered on Frij
day evening and despoiled of all its carpeting.
The great southern mail to Cincinnati was rob'
bed on the morning of the 20th, between Lafayette
and Springfield, Ohio, and rifled of all its contents,
excepting one leather pouch containing letters put
up at Cincinnati, for distribution at Zanesville.
The steamboat Mystic, one of the Chelsea ferry
boats, was burnt at the Chelsea landing, between
one and two o'clock yesterday morning. She was
subsequently sunk.-[Boston Atlas.]
BUCKwEAT.-It will doubtless be a gratification
to all interested in the situation of the crops, to learn
that the buckweat crop in this county is the largest,
by four fold or more, that has been raised in twenty
years. Large quantities have been sown, and the
season has been so favorable that it yields most
abundantly, and is entirely free from danger from
fost.-[Po'keepsie Eagle.] -
SALES OF STOCKS THIS DAY.
Reported by John Hi. ouwrlie, Stock and Exchange
Broker, No 28 Wall street.
25 share aUSBanki.....................118i
10 do do............... 16
25 Delaware & Hudson Canal...... 77j
s do do............... 77*
2j do do............... 77t.ih.w
60 do do.............. 77
25 do do.............. 77
25 do do............. 77
50 do do........... 77
50 do do.............. 77 -c
50 do do............. 77-s 3
25 do do ............ 77
25 do do..........77
10 NorthRiverBank.............. s0
13 State Bank ofN.Y............... 9S
13 Commercial Bank, N. 0......... 85
10 Bank ot Kentucky............... 79
15 do do.............. 79
60 do do.............. 80;
60 do do............... 80
60 do do............... so80
60 do do..... 80


50 do do.............. 80
27 do do.............. 80
100 do do.............. 80"
25 do do .............. so
10 Phenix Bank............. os108
15 Merchants Bank................. 106
0O Hailem Railroad ............... 65
50 do do.............. 65
50 do do.............. 65
50 do do ............. 65
40 do do ............ 65
19 Utica Railroad Co............ 11
100 New Jersey Railroad ............ 93--s 90 da
100 do do............. 92-s 6 mo
100 do do............... 90 -s 12 ds
10 American Insurance.............. 110
25 do do..............110
5 Eagle Insurance................. 96
20 North American Insurance-..... 67
20 do do............. -87 -cash
10 Mohawk Railroad'............... 74}
15 do do.... ...... 74,
50 do do............ 74r--b 3 ds
5 Boston & Providence Railroad.... lO10
50 Long Island Railroad............ 581
50 do do.............. a 6. 5
50 do do............. 5s9
50 do do.............. 58,
50 do do .............. 58
180 do do.............. 58*
100 do do.............. 88
100 do do.............. 5
10 Canton Comr.................... 47
10 do do ............. 49
25 Manhattan Gas Company........ 1121
1000 Hall Dollars ......................104
1000 do do ....................104
1000 do do .................. .1041
3000 Treasury Drafts ................ 1011
2000 do do ................. 101l
1000 do do.....................1013
SPECIE.


Asked.
American Gold ................. 104
Sovereigns......................10
Spanish Dollars................ 107
Mexican do ....................1061
Five Francs....................101
Doubloons..................... 16.90
Patriot do.....................16.06
Half Dollars ...................
Quarter Dollars.................
Treasury Drafts ............


Offered
103O
5.06


16.50
1603


DIED,
At Charleston, S. C., on the 18th instant, of bil-
ious fever, Capt. William C. Tibbetts, of ship Eliza
Grant, son of the late Richard S. Tibbetts, of Ports-
mouth, New Hampshire, for many years a highly
respected shipmaster from'this city, aged 32 years.|
At Orange, N. J., on the 23d inst., Mrs. Rebecca









Foreign Varieties.
Extraordinary Prayer.-John Leslie, Bishop of
Raphoe in Ireland, was a staunch adherent of the
Starts, and raised a regiment at his own expense,
and commanded it against the forces of Cromwell.
According to Lodger's Peerage,
After the declension of the king's cause in En-
gland, Doctor Leslie equipped a number of his
spirited neighbors, and marching at their head,
with the ancestor of the said Sir Edward [Leslie,]
halted at the entrance of a mountain, on the roar
from Raphoe to Magharabeg in Donegal (where
Sir Ralph Gore was besieged,) in order to dispos-
sess a party of the Irish who had cruelly ravaged
the circumjacent country ; and, kneeling on a flag
by the highway side, offered up the following pray-
er: 'Almighty God, unto whom all hearts be
open, thou knowest the righteousness of the cause
we have taken in hand, and that we are actuated
by the clearest conviction that our motive is just ;
but, as our manifold sins and wickedness are not
hid from thee, we presume not toclaim thy protec-
tion, trusting in our own perfect innocence, yet if
toe be sinners they are not saints; though, then,
thou vouchsafest not to be with us, be not against
us, but standneuter this day, and let the arm of flesh
decide it !' Whether the bishop's prayer was heard,
we presume not to determine, but the enterprise
was successful, and the country long infested by
the cruel foe was rescued from the impending ca-
.latity."
.lrislocratic Thieves.--A gang of thieves has just
been discovered at Rome, all the members of which
belong to noble families, and several of whom are
even serving in the Pope's body guard. They were
most of them looked upon as persons of more than
ordinary piety. Countess Campagnoni, of Macera-
ta, was the first to denounce their proceedings.-
Among those already arrested, are Count Dionisio
de Treja and the Countess Angelucci da Treja.-
At their houses were found a great number of
watches, snuff-boxes, jewels, &c. ; many of which
have since been recognized as stolen property.
Fire among the ashes of the dead.-A late London
paper has this statement :
About three o'clock on Sunday morning, the
gravedigger of Shoreditch church, who was digging
graves, or, as the penny-a-liner more genteelly ex-
presses his occupation, preparing for the inter-
ments" of Sunday, observed some smoke issuing
from the grate of one of the vaults. He gave the
alarm, and, with a policeman, entered the vault,
which had not been opened since 1804. They found
eleven coffins on fire, and the leaden cases of some
of them were melted by the heat. It is not known
how the fire was kindled.
Queen Victoria.-A Tory paper thus speculates
upon what it calls a delicate question"-the prob-
ability of the marriage of this youthful Sovereign :
Her Majesty's family, allies, country, and per-
haps her Majesty's own feelings, may induce her
to select a consort. Whether the happy mart will
be a foreign prince, a relative, or a subject, is a mat-
ter for speculation to the whole political world. The
aspirants to the hand of
The fair virgin throned in the West,'
more particularly spoken of, are the Prince George
of Cambridge, the young Prince of Orange, and the
handsome scions of the houses of Cobourg and Hol-
stein Glucksbourg; to whom rumor has added a
young nobleman now in the East, who probably
never contemplated such an event in the most Ori-
ental of his dreams.
The young nobleman in the East, here referred
to, is Lord Elphinstone, for whom it was rumored
the young Princess while yet a subject had mani-
fested such a preference as to render it expedient
that the young noble should be sent abroad. On
the throne she may, if so it seems good to her, choose
a subject for her consort.
Cheapness of Living promoted by Railroads.-Bir-
mingham is already experiencing one considerable
advantage from its railroad communication with
Liverpool-that of obtaining cheap provisions;
Irish salmon being now sold there at 6d. a pound,
and other fish still cheaper.
Moral Courage.-The admiration of the world is
much more freely and frequently bestowed on acts
ofphysical courage-which at best is a sort of animal
instinct-than on that higher species of courage
which results from deliberately encountering cer-
tain danger, for the benefit of others,
Among the finest instances of this moral courage
-this self.sacrificing philanthropy, is that often
evinced by physicians in times of pestilence. A very
marked case is thus referred to by the Swabian
Mercury :
The French physician at Smyrna, Dr. Bu!ard,
who inoculated himself with the plague, is perfectly
convalescent, but is still in quarantine. The Arch-
bishop, the Grand Vicar, and all the foreign Con-
suls, have been to visit him. The principal inhab-
itants have resolved to have a medal struck in his
honor.
Rarely could amedal of honor be more appro-
priately struck.
Railroad in Hotland.-A railroad is about to be


made between- Amsterdam and Harlem. Nothing
can be easier, for it is a dead level of about 10
miles.
Honor to Science.-The young Queen has con-
ferred the honor of knighthood on that distinguish-
ed chemist, Prof. Faraday, as we find by the annex.
ed notice:
Sir Michade Faraday.--In a late No. we noticed
the respect paid to the fine arts by the knighthood
conferred on Sir R. Westmacott; and it is with
equal pleasure we record a similar honor done to
science in the person of Mr., now Sir. M. Faraday.
He had previously received high consideration
from the universities and from government, and it
was only fit that the crowning acknowledgment
should come from our young Queen."
English ,Medical Men in France.-The following
distressing instance of the effect of a law is given in
the Boulogne J'oumrtial, just received :--"It is our
painful duty to record a deplorable result of the law
which prevents English physicians from practising
in France, even among their own countrymen, and
which has lately been put in force in this town.-
Lieut. Barnes,R.N., was attacked with an apoplec-
tic seizure on the morning of the 27th ult. A mes-
senger was sent to an English physician who lived
close by, to request his immediate attendance ; but
as this gentleman could not comply with the sum-
mons without exposing himself to an aggravated
application of the penalties, with which he has al-
ready been visited, for practising among his own
countrymen, he was most reluctantly compelled to
refuse his attendance. Other physicians were sent
for, who were either engaged, or could not attend,
so that the unfir(unate uff.1rere was allowed to
perish without medical aid ;. for nearly an hour had
elapsed before professional assistance could be pro-
cured, by which time a husband, and the father of
six helpless children, had ceased to exist. As these
orphans are altogether destitute, we cannot conclude
without strongly recommending them to the benev-
olence of a sympathising and charitable public."
There must we think be error in this statement,
that English physicians are prohibited from practi -
sing in France. We know it was not so several


cumbent strata were composed of'comnmon rubble,
clay, and, sand, the whole of which were remarka-
bly dry to the above depth.
Cscoa-nut Oil.-Cocoa-nut oil being now import-
ed into England in considerable quantities, I shall
only express my opinion, that its present retail
price, of 4s 6d per gallon, weighing 9 lbs., must
give an enormous profit, as the cost price, at Bom-
bay, on the 28th of January, 1837, was Is 9d for
18 lbs. avoirdupois; and in Ceylon it is much less.
In fact, the present charge upon the cost price is
312 per cent. I must express my regret, also, that
it is not more generally used in England; for, in-
stead of the detestable smell of fish oil, it has rather
an agreeable odour; and it is readily consumed in
open glass vessels, with floating or standing wicks,
whatever the temperature of the air may be.-[Col.
Sykes.]
ALBANY, Sept. 19.
CANAL TOLLS, &c.-The tolls collected on the
New York State canals up to the 1st of Septem-
ber, amounted to the sum of $648,163 05
Rec'd during first week in September, 33,372 03

Total up to September 7, $681,535 08
The quantity of flour and wheat brought to the
Hudson river via the Erie canal, during the same
periods, was as follows:


rlis. flour.
Rec'd up to 1st Sept. 259,058
" during 1st week in Sept. 11,276


Total up to Sept. 7,


BSusn. wneat.
40,813
7,889


270,334 48,702


NEW-YORK AMERICAN.
FRIDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 22, 1837.
Office, 74 Cedar Street, two doors from Broadway.

The Loco Focos met last night in two divisions,
one in the Park with torches, the other in Tamma-
ny Hall. A friend, who was present, gives us this
account :
"In the Park meeting there were about ten
torches, a number of candles, and 1000 spectators.
In spite of their professed equality, a little aristo-
cracy oozed out, as it was moved the biggest torch
should take the chair.' John Windt was made
chairman, the secretary's name we did not hear. A
person then addressed the meeting. Fellow citi-
zens, we are assembled under the broad canopy of
heaven to proclaim our principles. One year ago
we were in that coal hole (pointing to Tammany)
with no light but such as we had in our pockets-
now our principles are proclaimed from the dome of
the capitol, and borne on the wings of the wind,
(three cheers for Maine, saysone of the crowd;) at
this interruption, the orator seemed to be let down
in fancy's flight. One or two others then address-
ed the meeting, and they adjourned. The Tam-
many division was very large. Robert Morris, we
believe, in the chair. Resolutions were passed de-
claring the banks to be the causes of tlhe evils-
and some one proposed that the Whigs should not
be allowed to rejoice this day for their victories
The meeting seemed composed of Whigs, Bank
Democrats, and Loco Focos. and a great diversity
of feeling prevailed. There is evidently a strong
contest going on in the party, and also in the minds
of the anti-monopoly bank democrats-the flesh
pots of Egypt on one side, and the love of party on
the other."
MAINS--The Boston .Jtlas of yesterday re-
moves all doubt as to the election by the people of
the Whig candidate, Gov. Kent.
All the towns in the State have been received
excepting two plantations, which do not give more
than fifty votes. The result is this
For Edward Kent 34,428
Gorham Parks 33,692

Majority for Kent 736
The scattering votes in the whole State do not
exceed 150. Great pains have been taken to col-
lect them, and so far as they have been received they
amount to 124. Admitting that they are 200, Mr.
Kent's election is certain by not far from 500 ma-
jority.
The complexion of the Legislature is yet -un-
known. In four towns, however, where owing to
there being no choice in the first instance, a second
election was held, the Whigs succeeded-viz, in
Frankfort, tWaldo Co., Cumberland, Cumberland
Co., Dresden, in Lincoln Co., and China, in Ken-
nebee.
According to a table prepared by the Atlas, there
are known to be elected to the popular branch,
Whigs 87; Administration 59. The House con-
sists of 186. There are 40 therefore not ascertain-
ed-seven of those would give the Whigs the ma-
jority.
VERMONT ELECTION MATTERS.-The general
Election which took place in this State 5th inst. for
state officers is marked with some peculiarities which
may be well to notice. The Whig majority was
so large last fall that from various circumstances,
they were not aware that the Van Buren party
could make any impression upon their (the whig)
ranks. They were led to this conclusion from events
of recent data. The expressions at the ballot box
in various parts of the Union in reference to the ad-
ministration, exhibited astonishing changes against
it, and in favor of the Whigcause, and believing that
the majority in this state was already large enough,
even if it was no greater than in the fall election,
many, very many, in the townsand counties avail-
ed themselves of trifling excuses and neglected the
polls. This highly culpable course, however, was
confined only to a part of the towns and counties.
Had it been general, the consequences might have
given our opponents much real cause of congratula-
tion. But while some portions of the State were
thus remiss, others were led to trust to no such
fatal delusions; and though trifling losses were sus-
tained in some towns and counties, others did their
duty and counterbalanced them.
We allude to this point in our late election in or-
der to counteract an erroneous impression which
may have gone abroad, that because some of the
counties have lost a trifle of their Whig strength,
the State at large is almost revolutionized.
Our returns of Representatives elect certainly
show that we have lost nothing comparatively in
that branch of our legislature. In the Senate we
have probably gained-and were we enabled to add
the remaining returns which are behind for Gov-
ernor from Addison county, Franklin county, and
other places, where it is known the majorities are
large for Gov. Jenison, it would doubtless swell the
Whig majority to over 4000.-[Rutland Herald.]
THE COMMERCIAL BANK OF THE MIDLAND DI)IS-


TRICT OF U. C., has, according to the Montreal
Courier of 19th inst., suspended slcie payment
without waiting the sanction oftheGovernor. The
immediate occasion of the suspension is said to have
been in consequence of heavy demands from the
United States.
[From the Journal of Commerce.]
BANK CIRCULATION.-It is the opinion of gen-
tlempen having the best opportunity to form a cor-
rectjudgment, that the circulation of the Connecti-
cut Banks, since their annual returns in March last,
has diminished one half. The circulation of the
Rnnks of tha Stata nf Nepw V'rk haO rl,;-;i;.,l^A


the column for Suiy. At the date of the previotl
returns, the number, we suppose, was 4 or 5 less,
say 81 or 82. But without reference to any varia-
tion in the number of Banks, since the 1st of March
their circulation has diminished more than TWELVE
*MILLIONS, and their loans and discounts, including
exchanges, nearly FORTY-ONE MILLIONS; making a
total called in from the community in five months
of about FIFTY-THREE MILLIONS. The loans and
discounts by the August returns, were, exclusive of
exchanges, $112,902,692,67-including exchanges,
$130,597,192.
A FAcT.-Of 26 States in the Union, 15 have
by their last elections declared themselves against
the present administration. Of the remaining 11,
there is no doubt that several are in heart with the
15, but they have had no recent opportunity to ex-
press their sentiments through the ballot box. Yet
great as has been the change, nothing can prevent
a greater change, but a practical disavowal, by Mr.
Van Buren, of all connection or sympathy with the
Loco Focos.
WHIG CURRENC'.--Specie, and bills exchangea-
ble for specie, at the option of the holder.
VAN BUREN CURRENCY.-Gold and Silver in
.Messages and .Newspapers, and irredeemable paper
in the people's pockets.--IKennebec Journal.l
[For the NJew York JAmerican.]
I have been for years an ardent supporter of the
republican party; but in the present state of this
country, every honest man should have higher
aims than those of party. The friends of the ad-
ministration, with great unanimity, voted in Con-
gress for the distribution act, by which the surplus
money of the people in the Treasury was ordered
to be paid back to them. This was done in accord-
ance with public sentiment, but in opposition to the
opinion of General Jackson and Mr. Van Buren.
The same republican members of Congress voted
for a law regulating the currency, by which the
President's Executive control of the currency would
have ceased. The late President, by bad advice,
thrust the bill into his pocket ; and, not content with
this, he caused his Attorney-General to charge
Congress with ignorance and want of perspicuity
in the draft of the bill. This was a sheer pretence
to cover Executive usurpation. The true objection
was, that the Executive power was limited by the
bill. Mr. Van Buren continued the Executive
usurpation, by continuing the specie circular, in
contempt of the will of Congress and ef the repub-
lican party.
The distribution bill was violently assailed by
General Jackson and Mr. Van Buren in their mes-
sages, because it proposed to take thirty-seven mil-
lions of dollars from under Executive patronage
and control. Mr. Van Buren follows this denun-
ciation by measures for the detention from the
States of more than nine millions of the money
ordered to be deposited with the States. He boldly
proposes to deposit this sum with his own agents.
Money is power, he knows; and his policy seems
to be, to put the public purse, well filled, into the
pockets of his servants. By this he thinks, per-
haps, so to increase the power of the Executive,
that both houses of Congress may with impunity
be treated with contempt. The opinion of the re-
publican party in Congress, and in the country, it
seems, is but a feather's weight, when the Execu-
tive sword is thrown into the opposite scale. Mem-
bers of Congress called republicans, are at this mo-
ment speaking with bated breath, for fear of Exe-
cutive malediction. Shades of Hancock and Ad-
ams, behold your Republic! !
Will my country brook these Executive usurp-
ations, that are fast fixing a despotism on us ? Will
freemen submit to take an ukase from the Execu-
tive as their law? No! let American freemen
arouse, and shake off this tyranny, as the lion
shakes the dew drop from his mane.
A REPUBLICAN.
The writer of the above accompanied it with his
name, which is a warrant that he is what he repre-
sents himself to be.-[ED. N.Y. AM.]
[For the .New York ./merican.]
Allow me, through the medium of your paper, to
call the attention of the Ladies to the condition of
the poor in our city, at the present time, and what
it probably will be in three or four months from
this. As they are always ready to do all in their
power for the relief of suffering, it is to be hoped
they will take prompt and energetic measures
before the cold weather comes upon us, to ward off
in some degree the distress which is now threaten-
ing an unusually large portion of the poor. It is
beyond a doubt, that the number ef destitute in this
city is now double what it ever was before; which,
taken in connection with the fact that many who
have heretofore opened their purses liberally for
their relief, are now destitute themselves, it be-
hooves those who still have ample means, to show
tLgb ratituda by devoting a double po-tiio f thei-
tihiand money to their suffering fellow-creatures.
And it seems highly important that some immedi-
ate steps should be taken, and not wait until the
cries of the suffering come up to us so loud that they
cannot be resisted. No doubt fifty dollars judici-
ously applied now, would do more good than one
hundred in the middle of winter.
HUMANITY.
We publish the above, because we are anxious,
in every way, to fix public attention on the certainty
of the great suftlring and distress which the ensu-
ing winter is to witness among us-but not that we


suppose the suggestion it contains at all adequate
to remedy the evil. There must be some wide
vigorous, associated, and far-reaching system of em-
ployment and relief devised-for the need of the
distressed will go far beyond the cure of individual
effort, however zealous or liberal.-[ED. N. Y. A.]
MERCANTILE LIBRARY AsSOCIATION.-The
compiler of the catalogue recently published by
the Mercantile Library Association, to which we
referred last Saturday, is, we learn, Mr. E. W.
Johnston, a graduate from the college 'at Columbia,
S. C., and a native of that State.
The corner stone of the building for. Respectable
Aged Indigent Females, will be laid on Saturday,
A. M. the 23d of September, at 12 o'clock, in 20th
street, east of the 3d avenue. Donors to this Asy-
lum, and others friendly to the Association, are in-
vited to attend.
COURT FOR THE CORRECTION OF ERRORS.
Wednesday, Sept. 20.
James W. Warner and others appellants, vs
Stephen Reed respondent. Mr. James King argued
this cause on the part of the respondent. Mr. Ste.
vens was again heard for the appellants, and closed
the argument.
Zebulon F. Cooper, survivior of Z. H. Coop-
er, deceased, appellant, vs. Leonard Chester, irm-
pleaded with Isaac J. Ulman. Mr. B. F Cooper
opened the argument for the appellant.
Senators absent.-Messrs. L. Beardsley, Dickin-
son, Edwards, Hunter, Tallmadge, Tracy, Works
and Young.--[Argus.|
Thursday, Sept. 21st.
The cause of Thomas Banks and John Rathbone,
Plaintiffs in Error, vs. Fanning C. Tucker and
Robert Carter, Defendants in Error, was submitted
on written arguments.
Benjamin F. Cooper, survivor of Zebulon H.
Cooper, deceased, Appellant, vs, Leonard Chester,
impleaded with Isaac J. Ulman, Respondent. Mr.
D. Lord, Jr., argued this cause on the part of the
Respondent. Mr. B. F. Cooper was further heard
and closed the argument.
Mr. J. W. Gerard opened the argument of the


CON(JrRESS-Wedneday. i
Our Posttcript of yesterday gave the substance
of the proceedings of the previous day. We add
here, however, from the National Intelligencer, the
following:
The Great Fire in .New York.
Mr. Wright, from the Committee on Finance, re-
ported a bill for the relief of the sufferers by the
great conflagration of 1835 in the city of New York,
which received its first reading, and was ordered to
a second reading to-morrow.
[This bill provides for allowing a remission of all
duties ahead paid, or remaining due, on all unbro-
ken and entire packages of goods and merchandise
consumed in the fire of New Yok ; and it provides
for a proportionate remission on packages which
had been opened before the fire. Commissioners
are to be appointed, consisting of the Collectors and
other officers in New York city, whose duty it will
be to ascertain the amount of duties paid on packa-
ges destroyed by the fire, the names and residences
of the sufferers, the amount of goods destroyed, &c.
They are to meet in New York, and take testimony
on oath respecting these particulars. No claim to
be entertained which shall not be presented to the
Commissioners within four months of the opening of
their commissions. The Commissioners, on the com-
pletion of their investigation, shall make out their
statement and send it to the Sec'y of the Treasury,
whose duty it shall be from time to time to receive
and examine the statements of claims presented
and admitted by the Commissioners, and which
shall be subjected to his approval or disapproval.
When the Secretary of the Treasury shall have
made known his determination upon the claims
presented, then the Commissioners shall make out
certificates of remission according to the amount
remitted to the several merchants, and these certi-
ficates, signed by the Commissioners, shall be re-
ceived by the Collectors and others as money in
payment of duties, &c. to the full amount of the
sums remitted. It is provided, however, that every
individual receiving such certificates to pass in
payment of bonds and dues, &c. shall give security
in bond and penalty to pay double the amount of
money remitted, with interest, if it should ever ap-
pear that the goods on which the remission is made
were not in truth destroyed by fire. The Com-
missioners are authorized to employ a clerk, whose
salary, not exceeding $2000, sha!l be determined
by the Secretary of the Treasury.]

LATER FROM ENGLAND.
The packet ships Philadelphia,from London, with
dates to the 23d, and the Pennsylvania, from Liver-
pool, with dates to the 25th ultimo, arrived last
evening.
The general condition of commercial and monied
affairs was tranquil, and business more active.
The elections throughout the three kingdoms
had terminated, leaving-according to the conflict-
ing claims of papers on different sides-the actual
majority in Parliament quite doubtful.
The London Courier of the 23d ult., gives the fol-
lowing summary olf the House of Commons, the
elections having been all decided.
Reformers, 345
I'ories, 313

Total members of the House, 658
LONDON, 23d August.
Affairs at the Stock Exchange continue without
interest, or scarcely any business is going on either
in the:English or Foreign Stock Markets. Consols
for money and the 25th inst. are 91 3-4 to 7-8, and
for the October account 91 78 to 92. Exchequer
bills are 47s to 49s prem.
There was but little done in the Share Market,
and the quotations generally are much the same as
yesterday.
Nothing of any moment transpired on Change,
and the rates of exchange continue almost station-
ary.
CITY, 12 o'clock.
"The Public Securities have commanded little
attention to-day, and the few transactions which
have taken place in them have been at nearly the
closing prices of yesterday.
Consols are not quite so firm ; they are at pre-
sent quoted at 91 5-8 to 3-4 for Money and the 24th
instant, and 91 3-4 to 7-8 for the October Account.
Exchequer bills are 48 to 50 premium.
Two o'clock.
There is no alteration in the English Market.-
Active Spanish Bonds are 20 3-4, buyers, with the
Dividend Conpons, and the business very limited.
[From the Morning Herald.]
LONDON, August 18.
"It is intimated in a quarter supposed occa-
sionally to express the sentiments of the Bank of
England Directors, that we are on the point of
launching out into arwther mad course of specula-
ti'psw._idh willamantiaftel, 1" h rnm rt nd n, rl n-
couragel by the three'hundred joint stock banks
which are now established, with power to coin mo-
ney ad libitum. As we are not gifted with second
sight, we cannot pretend to say whether this pre-
diction be true or false; if it be true, we will ven-
ture to affirm that all unbiassed persons must ac-
knowledge the impetus is given by the Bank of
England, and not by the other joint stock banks,
which have been gradually and prudently reducing
their issues for many months past, as a reference to
their officially published accounts will show. The
following is the circulation of private and joint
stock banks-on average three months:


Ending. Private. Joint stock. Total.
1836-June 8,614,0001. 3,588,0001. 12,202,0001.
Sept. 7,765,000 3,969,000 11,734,000
Dec. 7,753,000 4,258,000 12,012,000
1837-March 7,279,000 3,751,000 11,031,000
June 7,188,000 3,684,000 10,872,000
This requires no comment-the figures speak for
themselves. The Bank of England are responsible
to the' public for keeping the circulation of the coun-
try in a healthy state; they have voluntarily un-
dertaken the task of regulating the currency, bnd
might and can easily do it if they will forget all
considerations of profit. It behooves them, there-
fore, to watch the tendency of events, and apply
timely and mild remedies, without waiting till the
mischief becomes extensive, and requires violent
means to effect a cure. They have no right to call
upon others to apply the remedy, whilst they daily
aggravate the disease. However, we are not quite
certain that any cause of alarm exists at present,
although appearances incline that way."
[From the London Globe.]
"The reports from all parts of the island depend-
ing upon manufactures are now of a more decided-
ly favorable character than we have been accus-
tomed to receive. Orders are coming in for expor-
tation as well as for home consumption, and many
additional hands find employment in their ordinary
avocations; while those who are notso fortunate as
to find engagements in their own branch can easily
gain their subsistence in the harvest field. The
steady manner in which this change is brought
about leads us to hope that we have surmounted the
commercial difficulties of the past season. We
know of nothing to distui b the present calm except
the payment of the guarantees for the American
houses, which, it is understood, must be made to
the Bank of England towards the end of next
month. Fortunately, the persons who signed those
guarantees are men of great wealth, therefore it
causes no uneasiness in the public mind.
PARIS, Aug. 21.
BouRsE.-Half past Three-There has been
rather more business in the home stocks, and which
havedeclined. TheThree per cents. for the account
from 79f. 55c., went down to 79f. 26c., at which they
close. For money the Five per cents, are 15c., and
the Three per cents, 10c. lower.
The Madrid journals of the 13th have reached
us, with a letter from our own correspondent.
rrl -L . .- .. ? -^ ^ -- 1! .i .t


* om 66 ommitiunications from Spain, and af tnter'
change of notes with the English envoy, much too
delicate to be decided on by the council of ministers,
are supposed, above all others, to have been the
causes of interrupting the royal repose at the cha-
teau of Eu."
We find in a law and police journal a couple of
paragraphs respecting the personal safety of the
King of the French; one of them, however, which
asserts that a respectable looking man dropped a
pistol from under his cloak, whilst standing at the
Tuileries wicket gate," is a rumor of some six
weeks' standing revived ; the other is new. If we
may judee from the reports which are constantly
transmitted to us from Paris on this subject, we
may dismiss any immediate fears for the safety of
the King's person.
PARIS, August 18.
Spain.-The Govt rnment has received the fol-
lowing telegraphic dispatches:
BORDEAUX, Aug. 16th, 6 1-2 P. M.
The Catlist expedition which approached within
three leagues of Madrid, has retired to Venta de la
Trinidad, where it was on the 12th. Vigo, reinforced
with a brigade, on the sanie day occupied Las
Noras, covering the road from Guadarrama and
the Escurial. In the evening of the 12th, Esparter-
ro's van-guard entered Madrid, where the National
Guards were in a state of enthusiasm, and prepar-
ing to march en masse against the enemy ; but the
arrival of Espartero rendered this unnecessary.
The enemy was about to be pursued with the ut-
most determination. ThePretender was at Chiva.
Oraa, reinforced by the division of Buerens, was
marching against him."
"BAYONNE, 16Lh Aug. (Madrid 12th) 10 P.M.
There was a new alerte last evening, in conse-
quence of an engagement without any unfortunate
result, between the advanced posts of the Carlists
and the troops of Gen. Vigo, at Torrelradones,
five leagues from Madrid. It appears that the en-
emy has decidedly abandoned the posts he held
yesterday. Gen. Espartero arrived this morning
in person. The main body of his troops will reach
Alcasa de Henares this evening. Madrid is tran-
quil, and the National Guards display great zeal."
PARIS, August 19.
Letters and papers have been received from Ma-
drid to the 12th inst. The works intended for the
defence of the outlets to the capital were actively
proceeded with, though the apprehension of the
appearance of the Carlists in the immediate neigh-
borhood had considerably diminished. On the 9th
Segovia was occupied by not more than two batta-
lions, and it was added that BAtavero, who was at
the head of them, had received instructions not to
defend the place in case of an attack, but to proceed
to Avila, where he was to proclaim himself Gover-
nor General of Castile. The combined forces at
the Venta de San Rafael were expected to lay siege
almost immediately to Segovia, and their orders
were to burn the fortress in case of resistance.
At two o'clock on the 12th, the Council of Min-
isters, sitting in permanence at the Hotel of the
Minister of War, received dispatches stating that
the columns of Generals Samper and Vigo occupied
the village of Las Rosas, and that the Carlists had
fallen back upon a small height opposite to that po-
sition, and seemed disposed to make a precipitate
retreat. A second dispatch arrived at 3 o'clock, to
announce that the enemy, having been apprised of
Espartero's advance by forced marches, had judged
it expedient to retreat on Baissago, beyond Segovia,
and on the right of that city ; and it was generally
supposed that they would either march upon Sigu
enza, or proceed direct to Soria ; as they could pass
into Navarre or lower Arragon, without quitting
the mountains of Guadarram or Simosierra. It
seems that the troops attacked the Carlists with
spirit, and that the left wing of the Queen's army
had to bear the chief brunt of the battle. At 6 in
the evening Espartero entered the capital at full
gallop, followed by some officers of his staff, and
dismounted at the hotel of the Minister of War,
where the Council was assembled.
The Eco del Commercio contains some interesting
details of the taking of Segovia. The town was
quite open to the attacks of the Carlists; and
breaches existed in the walls of the Alcazar. A
large number of soldiers would, therefore, have
been requisite to defend the place ; but, although
a reinforcement of 300 men had been for some time
demanded, there were not soldiers enough in it to
defend the citadel. Only three companies of the
National Guard could be depended on, and the rest
were disarmed for fear of their joining the enemy ;
in fact, only 400 men could be mustered for the
defence of the place. These, however, made a good
resistance at first, protected by the gunsof the cita-
dei, until the Carlists got possession of the su-
burbs.
The firing lasted till three in the afternoon, at
which time the Governor offered to capitulate on
condition of the garrison being allowed to march
out, grounding their arms; of the military school
doing the same, but retaining their arms ; and of all
persons who had taken refuge in the military col-
lege. together with their effects, being respected.
These proposals were accepted, and the troops
marched out unmolested; but Carlist soldiers and
the populace of the town could not resist the temp-
tation of plunder, and a frightful pillage, both of the
houses of the town and of the property collected in
the Military College, took place.
The Government has received the following tele-
graphic despatches:
MARSEILLES, Aug. 17, 11 o'clock.
"On the 6th the garrison of Valencia was under
arms, in consequence of the appearance of the in-
surgents commanded by Sans. Gen. Oraa, having
learned at Castellan the oosilion in which this town


was placed, set out on the 8th for Murviedo, ready
to march against Chiva, where the division of Sans,
Forcadel and Tallada were waiting for him. It
was said that Don Carlos was at Villareal. The
Egle was in the roadstead of Valencia. These de-
tails were brought yesterday by the packet, the
Mediterranee, which will depart again on the 20th
for Port d'Espagne and Malaga."
NARBONNE, 18th Aug., 5 o'clock.
"(Perpignan, 171h Aug.)--Oi the 12.h it was
believed at Valencia, that the Pretender, who was
at Mirambel on the 10th, had marched towards
Madrid on learning the capture of Segovia. Oraa
was on the 11th at Selrtorhn. on the pnint ofa L.i;ng
out torTeruel. There were 1200 of the Queen'a
soldiers at the hospital of Valencia."
LONDON, August 22.
A Paris morning journal of Sunday, 20th, con-
tains a letter dated Madrid, August 13, wherein it
is affirmed that the divisions of Mendez Vigo, Suig
Samper, and O'Donnel, having formed a junction
and made a demonstration upon Segovia, the Car-
lists had suddenly evacuated that town, and march-
ed with all their booty in the direction of Soria,
where a Carlist junta has long been established.
This letter, however, is a solitary one, for neither
correspondence nor journals of that date had reach-
ed Paris by post on Sunday, and therefore we are
disposed to think that the report contained in it is
altogether untrue.
The telegraph of Saturday afternoon conveys
the following intelligence:
BORDEAUX, Aug. 18, half past 6, P. M.
According to the reports of Buerens, and of the
Governor bf Daroca, of the 13th, published at Sara-
gossa, the Pretender, with four b.ittalions, passed
through Alfambra on the llth, and on the 12th
through Cella, directing his march towards the de-
sert of Albarrasin ; the eight other battalions fol-
lowed his footsteps.
Oraa, on the 10th, was at Zerica, marching to-
wards Teruel.
LIVERPOOL, August 18.
The Cotton market was rather more animated
yesterday than on Thursday, and 5000 bales
changed hands in the course of the same day. The
advance in prices, compared with the previous
week, is estimated at from 1-2d to 1-4d per lb. on
Surats, and the middling quality of America.-
There have been in all, 7000 bales of American,
and 4000 Surats purchased on speculation from


t~rovm the tendon Price Current ofMugwei IS.
Tea-The demand for Teas is steady and im-
proving.
Indigo-A good deal of business done in East
India descriptions, some parcels that were with-
drawn at late sales have been sold, for which it is
said 4d per lb. advance has been paid.
Cocoa-The demand for West India improves,
and a public sale yesterday of 120 barrels and 159
bags Trinidad sold at an advance of is to 2s per
cwt.; sound good middling and good dark red
fetched 48s to 49s 6d, middling 44s, and ordinary
and middling greyish, little red, 28s 6d per cwt.
Pimento-This article continues to improve in
vnlue: 160 bags found ready purchasers at 2 3-4d
to 3d for middling and good dark stalky, being an
advance on previous rates of 1-8d per lb.
Rice-The market remains dull for East India
descriptions, but holders are unwilling to accept
lower prices. Carolina for consumption continues
tosell at 30s to 32s per cwt., but for export sales
are limited.

I TEMiS.
SERIOUS Loss.-Yesterday afternoon, Corn. Jas.
Renahaw, who has just arrived from the'Brazil sta-
tion, had his pocket picked on board the Providence
boat of $200 in bills on the banks of this city, and
a lot of bills of exchange for 2001. drawn by Max-
well, Wright & Co. of' Rio Janeiro, on Morrison,
Crygen & Co. of London. The Commodore was
shaking hands with his son, whom he had not seen
for five years, when the rogue took that occasion to
empty his pocket. A reward of $100 is offered for
the recovery of the money, and as Old Hays"
has the affair in hand, the rogue will hardly be long
at large.-[Courier.]
Mr. John Struthers, marble mason, of Phila-
delphia, has finished a beautiful marble sarcopha-
gus, intended to receive the remains of the illustri-
ous Washington. It is large enough to admit of a
leaden coffin, and on its lid is sculptured the Ameri-
can Eaigle, with the flag of the Union. The name
of Washington is beautifully chiselled underneath.
It is intended as a gift to the surviving executor of
the Father of his country.
AN ACCIDENT AND EscAPE.-Yesterday morn-
ing, an accident occurred on the Jamaica Railroad,
which had nearly terminated fatally to our worthy
fellow-citizen, James Campbell, Esq., the Surrogate.
The cars were about starting for this city, and the
engineer backed up, in order to attach a timber car
laden with long timber, which was in waiting to be
conveyed to Brooklyn. Some of the timbers pro-
jected much farther ahead of the car on which they
were laid, than the engineer thought, and before he
was aware of its proximity, they dashed in the hind
part of one of the passenger cars. Mr. Campbell
and another gentleman were seated in the after seat,
and a large piece of timber passed between them,
injuring them but slightly. The damage was soon
repaired, and the cars proceeded in safety.-[Cour.J

The New Orleans Bulletin of the 13th says,
"the yellow fever in this city is believed to be on
the increase. The interments for the last few days
have averaged about 60 a day. A large portion of
these are doubtless the unfortunate emigrants re-
cently arrived here from the north. The Picayune
of the 12th says the sickness is more general than
ever known before, and that it has attacked also
the old inhabitants or creoles, as well as the stran-
gers and unacclimated."
At Cincinnati, the Ohio had risen 10 feet, and
was still on the rise.
Some more delegations of the western tribes of
Indians have recently passed through St. Louis, on
their way to Washington.
The Paterson paper mentions the presentation
of a sword to Captain J. Edwards, of the Goodwin
Guards of that town, by company C of the Gover-
nor's Guards of this city, as a token of respect for
his gentlemanly conduct to them while on a visit to
that town some weeks since.
A quarry of marble has been discovered near
Boonville, in the vicinity of the Missouri river ; it
is of a bluish color, and will admit of a high polish.
Miss Petrie took a benefit at the St. Louis thea-
tre ; during the performance a wreath containing a
gold chain, valued at $100, was thrown on the
stage and placed upon her brow.
[From the .New Orleans Bee of Sept. 14.]
HORRID RENCONTR.--By the steamer Robert
Morris, Capt. Massie, from Louisville, we learn
that, at a wood yard above Natchez, on Sunday
evening last, a difficulty arose between Captain
Crosly, of steamboat Galenian, and one of his deck
passengers. Capt. C. drew a Bowie knife, and
mrade a pa- til, throat of the patsengcr, whIch
failed to do any harm, nnd theCaptain then ordered
him to leave his boat. The man went on board to
get his baggage, and the Captain immediately sought
the cabin for a pistol. As the passenger was about
leaving the boat, the Captain presented a pistol to
his breast, which snapped. Instantly the enraged
and wronged individual seiz d Captain Crosly by
the throat, and brought him to the ground, when he
drew a dirk, and stabbed him eight or nine times in
the breast, each blow driving the weapon into his
body up to the hilt Tihe Captain expired in a
few minutes. The passenger was arrested, carried
to Natchez, tried, and acquitted. What a melan-
choly commentary upon the frequent use of deadly


weapons!

SALES OF STOCKS THIS DAY.
Reported by John H. Gourlie, Stock and Exchange
Broker, No. 28 Wall street.
12 shares United States Bank............ 118-c
50 -- do do .............. 118-c
50 do do-............... 117--s 60
50 do do............... ll7--s 60
50 do do .............. llt--b 10
50 do do .............. 118--b 10
50 do do-..............l 8f--b 10
50 do do............... 11.--s 60
O Ao 1o- ..-------1X01. b
50 do do ............. 118-
50 do do1...............118 -cash
50 .- do do ........... 117*--s 60
50 Delaware&Hudson Canal........ 78 -b 15 ds
10 do do .............. 77;
12 do do .............. 77r
25 do do .............. 77--c
50 do do ..............77-n w
50 do do .............. 77--c
50 do do .............. 77
50 do do.............. 77t--c
25 do do............... 77
60 do do.............. 77"-as 15
50 do do............. 77--s 15
25 do do............... 77--c
25 do do............... 77'-c
50 do do .............. 78 -IS ds
50 do do............. 771-s 3 ds
60 -- do do .............. 77{-s 3 ds
50 do do ............. 78 -b 15 ds
50 do do .............. 78 -n w
50 do do.............. 78
50 do do.............. 781
25 do do.............. 78--c
1 Bank of New York ...............
50 Leather Manufacturers' Bank.... P9J
S State Bank of N. Y............... 92
26 do do............... 92J
21 OhioLife &Trust ................101
20 do do.............. 101-
10 do do............... 101o
20 Illinois Bank ..................... 9-
100 N. 0. Gas....................... 83
50 Mohawk and Hudson Railroad.... 74 -c
50 do do.............. 74 -s 30
25 do do............... 74
50 do do.............. 74 -s o0
25 do do.............. 74
25 do do............... 741
25 do do-............... 74
25 do do.................. 74 -s 10
25 do do............... 74J
60 American TrustlCompany ........ 96-B 10 do
10 Harlemi Railroad................ 66W
10 do do.............. 66*
100 do do .............. 66--nw
20 do do............... 66 -cash
inn g d1o A - a M


ijro tha Niet Yiork Am6rimnl.\
To the Editor-The following stanzas were writ*
ten to accompany a short series of essays on ti41
character and appropriate Cookery of the Black
Fish, or Tautog ; two numbers of which were
some months ago published in the American. A*
Mary's moral reflections, however, may appear
even now not altogether ill-timed, they are sub-
mitted to your consideration by your old corre-
spondent, Civis.
SONG
of Mary the Cook-maid, to the Black Fish, while simr
mering in Chateau Margaux.
Full fathom five thy father floats,
With all his school around;
O'er the blue wave, the fisher boats
Reach now an anchorage ground:
See, see !-'tis cast!
The boats are fast,-
The anchors ground ; the school is found
At last! at last!
The school is found at last
The morning breaks with clouded light,
But gay are fishers' looks;
And all with dew their decks are bright,
And countless are their hooks:
See, see !-'tis cast !-
The boats are fast,-
The anchors ground, the school is found
At last at last!
The school is found at last
No ravenous dhark with monstrous throat,
No pnirpoise that way wends ;
But o'er thy race from fishers' boat
The baited line descends
See, see !-'tis cast!
The boats are fast,-
The fish leads sound, the school is found
At last at last !
The school is found at last!
In health, in sport, in deeps profound,
Thine artless race delight ;-
But the rich baits that hang around
Tempt fish by fish from sight:
See, see !-'tis cast!
The tide is past,-
Late wears the day, the anchors weigh
At last! at last!
The school is caught at last i
But mourn not thou that swim'st in wine,
For those who breast the wave ;
One common fate marks ours and thine,
The groundling or the brave.
See, see tie fate!
Some glittering bait,-
The camp, the state, gold, love, fame, hats,
Teach all too late,
They can't resist a bait!
A bait! a bait !
We can't resist a bait!

We cannot resist the temptation of adding here--
though we know not whether it was meant for the
public eye-the playful and clever envoi which ac-
companied these verses. If the "simmering black
fish" be only as safe from injury by fire, as the poe-
try of "Civis, or John Waters," many a savory
morsel is in store for our readers, and for Mary,
the cook-maid's" grateful epicures.


Burn ever freely, what
I write that likes thee not ;-
Whether from lapse of time
Like this now sent ; false rhyme;
Sterility of thought;
Tropes labored or far sought;
Abortive metaphors
Such as thy taste abhors ;
Lack of propriety,-
Or any other reason why.
But, in return, dread King!
One boon I crave, one thing,-
As thou 'st a gun and hop'st tocock it,
Preserve me from thy breeches' pocket!
Me tinder make, me-tory,
The other thought is pur-ga-tory.
All's said in saying this,
Slave of thy lamp, John Waters, os
CIIl.


MARRIED,
Yesterday, in St. John's Chapel, by the Rev.
Dr. Berrian, Samuel G. Ogden, to Julia, daughter
of the late James Farlie, Esq.
At Brooklyn, Thursday evening, 21st inst., by
the Rev. Mr. Spencer, Mr. George Huntington, of
Savannah, Georgia, to Miss Elizabeth Barbour, of
Brooklyn. *
DIED,
At Shelburne, N. S., on the 28th ult., aged 87
Mrs. Sarah Houston, a native of Galloway, Scot
land, and formerly of New York.

PASSENGERS:
In the ship Pennsylvania, from Liverpool:-
Henry Grinnell and lady, Master Grinnell, Min
Minturn, Miss Harris, Professor Proudfit, lady and
son, Miss Dorsey, Mrs James and daughter, and
Miss Phelps, all of New York; Mr. Pinkerton,
Mr. Dunlap, Mr Ravonel, Mr Bruce, Mr. Brax-
ton, Joseph W Rai, of New Brunswick; L Dexter,
and Miss Dix of Boston; F Rodewald of Bath;
C Bochme, Mrs and Miss Ricards, Miss Stubbl--
field, all of do.; Mr Gloistein of Bremcn; Mrs J
Larkies, Wm Ridgeway, Rev Joseph Kafe and
lady, John Kafe, Miss Kafe, Miss Birch, Mrs F
Salmonsorf of England; M Donaldson, J Vassine
and Joseph Stewart, of do.; Manuel of Scotland,
and 38 in the steerage.

In the ship Fratcois 1st, from Havre:-Le
Conte de Castelman of France, Le Vi Conte do
Montmart, attache French Legation to the U. S.;
Mons Domenque, French Vice Consul to Phila-
aljt;', 0AX^, wc R i m vP Mrryons; 1e5ST3.AierTa?
der M. Lawrence, of New York ; Alex. Tacherau
of Montreal; J Fatier, Rev E Parent, Mons. Bon.
ney, Mr Beale, of Boston, and 164 in the steerage.
In the ship Philadelphia, from London :-Edw'd
Allan, Esq., Mrs Caradori Allan, Mrs Jessop and
family, Geo D O Gowan and Miss Philips, of Lor-
don ; Mrs Pemberton and family, of Brighton i
Henry Waller, of Canterbury; Edward Carltom.
and Mrs Cohen and son, of New York.
In the ship Natch, z, from Havre :-Lewis .
Caine, New York ; Geo B Inness, of do; Philip E
Guillemot and lady, of Paris, and 196 in the steer.
age.
In the brig Janus, from Mobile:- G Brieston, of
Boston ; W Bundage, of do.; Dr M'Clanchan, and
E Harvey, of Philadelphia, and 7 in the steerage.

r32 CAUTION.-A package, addressed to Messrs.
Baring, Brothers & Co., London, was put into the Post
Office in Philadelphia, on the 30th of June last, for the New
York and Liverpool packet of the 1st of July, containing
120 Bonds of the Bank of the United States for 250 ster-
ling each, but has not yet reached its destination.
All persons are hereby cautioned against receiving or
passing such Bonds, as no other Bonds of the same
amounts have ever been issued by the Bank, and payment
ofthemn has been stopped.
sep20 dlw S. JAUDON, Cashier.
COLUMBIA COLLEGE.
Sr The next session of Columbia College will be
opened on MONDAY, the second of October, and the
Annual Commencement held on the next day. The public
examination of Candidates for admission in the Fresh-
man Class will commence on Wednesday, the 27th of Sep-
tomber instant, at 10 o'clock, A. M. in the College Chapel;
and Candidiates for adrmissinn into jtnv *V&. -_- ort- -^- h