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New-York American, for the country
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 Material Information
Title: New-York American, for the country
Portion of title: New York American, for the country
Alternate title: New York American
Physical Description: 25 v. : ill. ; 53-70 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Printed for the proprietor, by J.M. Elliott
Place of Publication: New York N.Y
Creation Date: September 22, 1837
Publication Date: 1821-1845
Frequency: semiweekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- New York (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- New York County (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- New York -- New York
Coordinates: 40.716667 x -74 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the New York Public Library.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 2, no. 159 (Sept. 15, 1821)-v. 26, no. 851 (Feb. 17, 1845).
General Note: Published on Tuesday and Friday, <1825-1840>; Wednesday and Saturday, <1841>.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09313417
lccn - sn 83030019
System ID: UF00073186:00012
 Related Items
Related Items: New-York American (New York, N.Y. : 1821)
Related Items: New-York American (New York, N.Y. : 1832)
Preceded by: American, for the country
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly courier and New-York enquirer

Full Text




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FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1837.


FOR THE COUNTRY.


VOL, XIXi. NO. 1660.


PUBLISHED FOR THE PROPRIETOR,
At T4 Cedar Street, between Broasdway and Nassau St.
EVERY TUESDAY AND FRIDAY.
TERMS.-$4 perannum, inadvance, if paid atthe office
or sentfree of expense: or $5 at the end of the year.-
Pivedollars will be charged in all cases where a paper
isdiacontiiued without arrearages being paid.
t The NEW-YORK AMERICAN is also publish
]DAILY at the same office, at $10 per annum. Also
thres times a week, to country subscribers only, at $
per annum, payable always in advance.
*** ADVERTISEM-INTS in either of the above papers.
will be inserted at the established city prices.

E W-YORK AMIERICAN.
TUESDAY EVENING, (SEPTEMBER 19, 18 37.
Office, 74 Cedar Street, two doors from Broadway.

The nation has now before it, according to the
avowal of Mr. Wright in the Senate and Mr.
Cambreleng in the House, all the measures which
the Executive government intends to propose. Re-
lief toithe people, it is distinctly said in the Presi-
dent's message, and more distinctly in the bills re-
ported in the two Houses by the President's friends
-is a matter with which the Federal Government
does not mean to concern itself. Its whole care
and power are to be confined-as those who admin-
ister that branch of the Government contend-to
paying the salaries of themselves and other office
holders, and, the creditors generally of the United
States, in gold, while the people are to be left to
make shift with the irredeemable rags issued by 700
corporate institutions, under 26 different and dis-
tinct sovereignties! What, then, is the use of a
central Federal head ? Why should the enormous
expense be incurred of keeping such an estab'ish-
ment, when, virtually, one of the chief purposes for
which it was ordained, that of regulating com-
merce,"-and if commerce, by necessary and inevit-
able consequences,the currency, which is its life's-
blood, with foreign nations and between the
Stes,"--is renounced and denounced ?
But the incomprehensible delusion which would
deny to the Federal Government this right and duty
of regulating the currency, is of very recent origin
-for during the reign of the Iron-will, the Bank of
the United States was destroyed for, among other
reasons, having failed, as was alleged, to establish
and maintain a uniform currency; and the depos-
ites were removed,and the system of State bank de-
positories was adopted expressly upon the ground
that these measures would enable the Government
to do what it averred the Bank of ,the United
States bad failed to do-produce uniformity in the
currency, and economy and regularity in the do-
mestic exchanges.
At that day, no doubts were expressed either
about the right of Congress to legislate on the sub-
ject, or about the expediency of its doing so-the
whole controversy being as to the nature and form,
and :not as to the legality of such legislation.
Now, however, when the quackeries of the par-
ty in' power have signally failed-as they were
warned they would fail-instead of retracing
their steps, confessing their error, and exerting
the powers of the Government to repair the mis-
chief, which an ignorant and vindictive use of those
powers has inflicted on the country-the men in
officer and their partisans proclaim that no such
powers exist, and endeavor to send us back to the
condition of the Confederation, when every Statl
legislated for itself and its own interests without re
ference to the rights of others, or to the general
good.
In our judgment, this attempt to shuffle off re-
sponsibility, and to impair the just authority of the
Federal Constitution, amounts to little short of per-
jury to the oath taken by public officers, to ob-
serve, protect and defend that Constitution-and
is, in effect, more injurious to the national prosperi-
ty, and more fatal to that just estimate of the re-
spective powers of the General and the State Go-
vernments, upon which reposes the harmony of the
Union, than even the most arbitrary stretch of con-
ceded power ever attempted by Gen. Jackson.
On this head, we cannot suppose it possible that
theferceof mere party discipline can so mislead
considerate men, that they will consent to sacrifice
what we look upon as a vital part of that Consti-
'tution which has insured to us heretofore such a
vast amount of happiness and prosperity-for the
sole end of sparing to the inventors and upholders
of the Experiments under which the nation is bleed-
-ing and prostrate, the shame and mortification of
open exposure and confession of ignorance, incom-
patency, or uncalculating malevolence.
We wait with anxiety for the issue ?
The following yeas and nays, min the House of


Representatives, on the proposition-before the
choice of a Printer was effected-to postpone the
election to the third Monday of this month, are
supposed to indicate the probable division of parties
in regard to the loco-foco recommendations of the
Message. At any rate, they are worth putting on
file for future reference, if for no other purpose.
The yeas, it may not be undecessary to say, indi-
cate the opponents of the Globe-the nays, its
friends.
Yeas--Messrs. Adams, Ayckrigg, Alexander,
Heman Allen, John W. Allen, Bell, Biddle, Bond,
Borden, Bouldin, Briggs, William B. Calhoon, John
Calhoon, William B. Campbell, John Campbell,
William B. Carter, Casey, Chambers, Clowney,
(Corwin, Cranston, Crocket, Curtis, Cushing, Dar-
ulington, Dawson, Davies, Deberry, Dennis, Dunn,
Elmore, Evans, Everett, Ewing, R. Fletcher, Fil-
more, Rice Garland, Goode, James Graham, Wil-
liam Graham, Grantland, Graves, Grennell, Grit-
fin, 'Hall, Halstead, Harlan, Harper, Hastings,
Hawes, Henry, Herodd, Hoffman, Hopkins, Ro-
bert T. H. Hunter, Jenifer, Henry Johnson, Wil-
liam Cot Johnson, L-gare, Lincoln, Andrew Loo-
mis, Mallory, Marvin, Samson, Mason, Maury,
May, Maxwell, McKennan, Menifee, Mercer, Mil-
ligan, C. Morris, Naylor, Noyes, Ogle, Patterson,
Patton, Pearce, Peck, Phillips, Pickens, Plunier,
Pope, Potts, Rariden, Randolph, Reed, Rencher,
R>:l-awax. T> ,. RA i n r ucin msv Russell.nPll


[From the Boston tAllas of yesterday.J August and 1st or January, we find that there has
MAINE ELECTION. been a decrease of loans and discounts during the
List year the janissaries of the Administration month of $1,679,831 (a rapid curtailment), and
carried the State of Maine by a majority of nearly since the 1st of January, $4,357,189.
TEN THOUSAND. Returns of the late election from That the specie of same Banks has increased
all the towns but eight, establish the fact that Xk d,,ring the month, $23,675; and since 1st June,
people have now risen in their majesty, and by a $60,755. It is however less by $2,264,937, than it
glorious effort broken the chains which have so long was on the Ist of January.
bound them. They have come to the rescue in bat- That their circulation has diminished during the
talions." month, $568,675; and since the 1st January, $3,-
1837.' 1836. 329,346.
Kent. Parks. Kent. Dunlap. That the amount of notes of other Banks held by
York County, 3456 4027 2562 S001 them has diminished during the month $1,032,627 ;
Cumberland, 5061 5081 3990 5018 and since the 1st of January, about $4,000,000.
Lincoln, 4689 3442 3078 3226 That their indebtedness to the U. States for de-
Kcrinebec, 6196 3565 4233 3405 posites has diminished during the month $120,863;
Oxford, 2300 3414 1421 3326 and since the 1st of January, nearly or quite seven
Somerset, 3111 2296 2227 2786 millions.
Penobscut, 4322 4471 2433 3988 That the deposites by individuals in said Banks
Waldo, 1468 2826 553 2619 have increased during the month $409,043, and are
Hancock, 1706 1943 1121 1747 greater now then they have been at any previous
Washington, 1819 1906 1088 1021 date since the suspension of specie payments. Oi
the 1st of January they were $12,509,788.
246 towns, 34,086 32,971 22,706 31,937 That the circulation of the whole 95 Banks has
Majority for Edward Kent in 1837, 1115 decreased during the month, $1,299 396, (a rapid
Majority against him in 1836, 9231 curtailment, nearly 10 per cent in a single month,)
and since the lst of January $9,242,314,
Whig nett gain, 10,346 That the whole amount due the U. States from
The remaining eight towns threw last year 615 the 95 B Inks has been reduced within the month
votes. The scattering votes will not amount to two more than one half, and is now less than 3-4ihs of a
hundred. If therefore every vote in the towns to million. Nothing lost yet by Uncle Sam.
be heard from has been cast against Mr. Kent, he [From the .National Gazette.]
cannot fail of his election. THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
THE SENATE.
Kennebec-Timothy Boutelle, Hiram Belcher, J Messrs. Editors-The relation in which the ac-
and John T. P. Dumont, (whigs) are elected by tual President of the United States stands to his
about 2600 majority. illustrious predecessor," and the influence which
Lincoln-Benjamin Randall, Johnson Jaques, he is understood to have exercised in the financial
Lucius Barnard, and Edward Robinson, (whigs.) measures of the late Administration, rendered it
Somerset-Daniel Steward, Jr. and Cyrus Flitch. qui'e certain that the former, in detailing the causes
er, (whigs.) of the recent pecuniary distress of the country in
In the middle Senatorial district of Hancock and his Message to Congress, would cautiously omit to
Washington, we are assured by gentlemen direct ascribe any portion of it to the action of the Execu-
from Machias, that Mr. Robinson, (whig) has sue- tive. Accordingly, we find in that document that
needed over Tinker, (loco foco.) the whole of the embarrassments of the Treasury,
In the eastern district of the same counties, 12 the Banks, and the People, are declared, in sub-
towns give Whipple (whig) 867-S. C. Foster (lo- stance, to be the result of a wide spread system of
co foco) 754-Scattering28. There are four towns over-trading, over-banking, and over-speculating,
to be heard from, whose votes for Governor are- whilst not a syllable-is permitted to escape in re-
Kent 50-Parks 120. If these towns have given lation to the causes which engendered that system.
the same vote for Senator, the result will be- It is true that the Message admits that "a concur-
Whipple 917-Foster 874-Scittering 28.-The rence of circumstances," such as the loss occasioned
contest has been close, but it would seem that Whip- by the great fire in New York, the transfer of
pie is elected or there is no choice. the public moneys required by the deposit law of
York--Stephen Woodman, Levi J. Ham, Sam- June, 1836, and the measures adopted by the fo-
uel Mildram, (loco foco.) reign creditors of our merchants to reduce their
Oxford-Job Prince-Edward L. Osgood, (loco debts, and to withdraw from the United States a
focos.) large portion of our specie," had aggravated the
S aldo-Samuel S. Helagan-Jesse Smart, (loco evils, but still the public is left in total ignorance of
focos.) those "antecedent causes" to which allusion is made
Cumberland-Three loco focos supposed to be di having perhaps" given the first impulses to "the
chosen. Mr. Littlefield, the fourth loco foco candi- over action," which was stimulated to such fatal
date, runs below his colleagues considerably. It is consequences by the issues of the Banks.
confidently believed in Portland that he is not In giving this imperfect view of the state of the
elected, case, it very naturally occurred to he writer of the
Penobscot--Dniel Emery (loco foco) is under- Message, ,ha. intelligent men, who believe that
stood to be elected. Ebenezer Higgins, the other what the President styles causes were themselves
loco foco candidate, is said to be defeated. but the effects of prior causes, would as naturally
Hancock-It is uncertain who has succeeded in probe the matter a little deeper, in order to see what
the eastern district of this county. The probabil- particular circumstances should all at once have
ity is in favor of Mr. Lake (loco tco.) p created a spirit of over-action, exceeding in inten
The Senate consists of twenty-five members., sity any thing that we had ever before witnessed,
The Whigs have certainly elected ten members, and he accordingly forestalls this investigation by
and probably eleven. The Loco Focos have cer- asserting that there were no peculiar circumstances
tainly chosen seven, and probably eleven. The va- operating in the'United States which were not com-
cancies are filled by a convention of both houses. mon to other countries. He says-
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. "It has since appeared that evils, similar to those
The whole number of the' House is 185-93 a suffered by ourselves, have been experienced in
majority. A gentleman direct from Augusta has Great Britain,on the continent, and indeed through-
furnished us with the following statement, which out the commercial world; and that in other coun-
gives all the information received there as late as tries, as well as in our own, they have been uni-
Friday evening formly preceded by an undue enlargement of the
Whig. Loco Foco. boundaries of trade, prompted, as with us, by un-
York, 9 11 precedented expansions of the systems of credit."
Cumberland, 15 8 The meaning of this language unquestionably is,
Lincoln, 15 5 that the evils under which Gret Britain Pnd other
Penobscot, 6 5 countries have labored were simply contemporane-
Somerset, 10 2 ous with, and not resulting from, our "over action;"
Oxford, 3 7 and, consequently, if it can be shewn that the as-
Hancock, 2 2 sumption is altogether gratuitous, and not sustained
Washington, 4 3 by the well attested facts of the case, the founda-
Waldo, 0 5 tion of the Message will be undermined, and all its
Kennebec, 21 1 superstructure overthrown.
That embarrassments have been experienced "in
85 49 Great Britain, on the continent, and indeed through-
out the commercial world," is too notorious to ad-
[From the Portland advertiserr of Saturday evening.] mit of dispute. The writer of this article is in
KENT ELECTED! daily intercourse with merchants, and has access to
We consider that we may now confidently an- the most intelligent sources of commercial informa-
nounce to our readers and to the country, that tion, and he is able to assert upon the authority of
EDWARD KENT is elected by the PEOPLE, those who have relations with all parts oftheworld,
GOVERNOR OF THIS STATE BY A MA- that nearly if not quite the whole of the commercial
JORITY OF ALL THE VOTES! disasters which have been experienced abroad are
(From the Portland Courier.] confined to those who have had transactions with
THE ELECTION. the United States, or who have been directly or in-
We publish below a recapitulation of the votes, directly conrected with such. In London and
They will show Kent's majority in the State will iverpool not a failure of magnitude has been an-
benealy 10 nounced, with ihe exception of the bankers and
be nearly u000. commission merchants who wero involved by cre-
[Correspondence of the .tlas.l dits granted to American houses. Thesameistrue
BANGOR, Sept. 15ih, 1837. of France, Germany, and Switzerland. The mer-
Kent is elected Governor, and Maine is redeemed, chants and manufacturers in all those countries,
The strongest hold of Van Buren in the East has who have been greatly embarrassed, owe their dis-
followed the example of Rhode Island and the tress to the bankruptcies that have taken place on
West. Kent's majority will be from 500 to 1,000. this side of tbohe water, or to the non-payment of
the bills on Europe which have been remitted to
[From the .lbnyrgus of yesterday! them from this country, or to the failure of their
From thesolvent debtors here to remit, owing to theirinabili-
BANK STATEMENT FOR SEPTEMBER. ty to collect from the merchants of the interior, or
AGGREGATE STATEMENT of the condition of the to procure bills without too great a sacrifice. That
Banks of the State of ,New York, on the first day of the reader who is not conversmt with commercial
September, 1837, taken from their reports to the operations may understand the mode by which the


Bank Commissioners, pursuant to law: commercial world r as been deranged by its trans-
Resources.actions with America, I will enter into some de-
Resources. .
22 New York 27 N. Rlver 47 Country tails.
City Banks. &L.Isl. Bks. Banks. Great Britain.-A large part of the mrnu-
Disc'd bills& n's,31,421,726 12,186,175 15,759,914 factures of G. Britain imported into the U. States
Other loans, 3,886,519 615,062 439,397 have for some years p.tst been purchased of the
Real estate, 944 993 396,201 463,010 manufacturers by agents of the American import-
Overdrafts, 82,432 81,920 92,545 ers residing in England, who have paid for them
Expe's& pers'l est. 128,602 52,237 94,619 by bills at four months drawn by them on London
Bank fund, 355,559 107,048 161,250 and Liverpool bankers and merchants with whom
Specie, 1,782,164 516,079 449 399 the American houses had opened credits. Or, the
Notes of other bs. 3,888,852 441,200 404 882 arrival of the invoices in this country, payments
Cash items, 404 670 479,301 274,698 have been made here, to the agents of the English
Due fm city bks 5,512,430 867,771 1,931,201 houses, which had accepted those bills; or bills,
Fmoth bks & cor. 6.719,681 871,863 490.361 drawn upon shipments of cotton or other produce,
Other invest'ts. 2,845,463 625,653 331,989 have been rt mitted to their principals in England,
intended to meet the payment of the four months'
Total resources, 57,973,091 17,240,510 20,893,655 drafts. Thus far the trade has been legitimate and
Liabilities. profitable to all parties: to the British manufactu-
Capital stock, 18,111,200 7,085,260 9,155,000 rer, because on the delivery of his goods he has
Circulation, 5,492.349 2,446,120 5,801,849 been paid in a negotiable bill, convertible at all
Loans, 2,552 300 311,481 419,626 times into money, instead of waiting, as formerly,
Due canal fund, 679,375 1,020,988 979J 033 for a remittance from his American customer at
Due S. Treas'r. 328,760 385,419 490,353 the end of six months-to the American import-
Due U.S.Treas'r. 586,647 9,249 132,675 er, because he has received the benefit of prompt
Due indiv.depos. 11,890,085 1,851,383 1,393,500 payment in a diminished price for his goods-and to
Dividends unpaid, 66,147 17,484 15.825 the British banker, because he has received a comr
Dire city banks, 5.234,418 713,827 318 774 mission for accepting bills without the advance of
Due oth. bks. &c. 6,745,151 1,745,115 390,563 any capital. Unfortunately, however, the facility
Profits, 3,407,874 1,425,346 1,705,040 of obtaining open credits in England, became so
Other liabilities, 2,878,785 228,838 91,517 great, that they were resorted to as a means of
raising money ; and hence arose the practice, lim-


invested in a cargo of coffee or sugar to go to Eu-
rope, subject to the order of W. & Co., for reim-
bursement. Such a transaction being legitimate, is
rarely attended with risk to the party on whom the
oill is drawn. But in many cases, the cargoes pur-
chased in this manner, instead of going to Europe,
have been brought to the United States, with the
understanding, that on their arrival, a sum equal to
the amount of the bills drawn for their purchase.
should be remitted to England in time to meet
those bills. Unfortunately it has sometimes hap-
pene, that on the arrival of these cargoes in the
United States, their nominal owners had failed and
could not make good their remittances to England ;
or, the value of the cargoes has been remitted to
England in bills on London, which bills have been
protested for non-payment, thus imposing upon the
house upon whom the credit was obtained, the ne-
cessity of raising twenty thousand pounds, or, what
has in some cases happened, they have been unable
to meet the bills and have suffered them to go back
to Rio Janeiro and the Havana.
Similar to these, another class of operations has
been carried on in China and Calcutta. Bills have
been drawn by merchant i residing the e on London,
on credits obtained by Arperican merchants, for the
purchase of cargoes destined for the United States
and other country' s, whick have not been saleable
on their arrival, owing td the general embarrass-
ment. Similar defalcations to make the accounts
good in England, have hjd similar results, and by
the final failure of three of the London B inkers
and several merchants in .ondon and Liverpool, a
large amount of bills haye gone back to Canton,
Calcutta, Rio de Janeiro,iand Havana, which has
caused the failure or embarrassment of the houses
who drew or endorsed the bills on London, or who
purchased them to remit. The aggregate amount
of American credits outsrtnding in England at one
period within the last twe've months, has been va-
riously estimated at from hirty to sixty millions of
dollars, and whilst the English banks and merchants
have been brought to a st ppage by defalcation on
the part of one portion b our merchants, another
portion of our merchants'have been embarrassed
or ruined by the returnaf bills drawn upon the
former.
It is well known that thE great fund with which
our importations from Europe are paid, is the crop
of cotton. The lall in tae price of this article,
which has taken place is England within the last
year, will explain, in partith season why a foreign
debt, hlrger than usual, hak accumulated against us,
and will also explain wh%-many of the bills drawn
upon overvalued cotton shipments were returned
protested. From a table before me it appears that
the prices at two different periods, reduced into cur-
rency at two cents for thd penny sterling, were as
follows:
Juie 7, 1836. June 7, 1837.
Sea Island, 40 to 72 cts. 30 to 60 cts.
Do. Stained, 18 32 24
Bowed, Georgia, 101-223 1-2 9 15 1-2
Mobile, 1 24' 9 16
Alabama and Tenn., 141 2201-2 8 12
New Orleans, 16 25 9 17


amount of notes circulated in England and Wales,
by the B.ink of England, by private banks, and by
joint stock banks and their branches, at the dates
annexed:
Quarter ending
1833-December 28, 1.27,621,104
1834--March 29, 28,735,827
June 28, 29,207,682
September 27, 28,591,112
December 28, 27,729,828
1835-March 28, 28,572,160
Jane 27, 28,576,8u1

*The calculation by which I have arrived at
this estimate is as follows:
The exports of Cotton from the United States
between October 1, 1833, and October 1, 1834,
was, bales, 1,021,765
Oct. 1, 1834,and Oct. 1, 1835, 1,013,468
Oct. 1, 1835, and Oct. 1, 1836, 1,104,107
The quantity exported between October 1, 1836,
and January 1st, 1837, was, bales, 243,766
And the quantity exported between
January 1, 1837, and September 7,
inst., has been 883,040

Making an aggregate of bales, 1,126,846
exclusive of the quantity which will go forward
between Sept.ember 7 and October 1.
Now, as the fall in the price of cotton in Eng-
land began in the middle of February, and sooner
in France, before any portion of the cotton which
left the United States subsequent to January ist
had arrived in Europe, and as there was on hand
on the 31st of December,
At Liverpool, bales, 204,590
At Havre, 45,551

Making a stock of bales, 250,141
Of which, if we suppose that 116,920 bales were
American, which remained unsold until the 15th of
February, there will appear to have been one mil-
lion of bales of our last crop which felt the reduc-
tion of price. This, it will be observed, is a reduc-
tion in addition to that which has taken place on
the stock of cotton consumed in the United States,
amounting probably to 250,000 bales.
September 26, 27,740,623
December 26, 27,698,414
1836-March 26, 29,116,919
June 25, 29,386,196
"In the quarter ending December28, 1833, when
the circulation was smallest, it was, estimating the
pound sterling at 84 80, equal to $130,581,289
In the quarter ending June 25,
1836, when the circulation was
greatest, it was equal to S111,053,740

Increase of the paper money
circulation of England and Wales
in two years and six months, $11,472,451
Mem. The later advices show a still larger in-
crease of circulation in paper, and diminution in
specie on hand; but are not in a form so accurate
and authentic as to be used saWely for details.:'
Upon what authority this memorandum of the Sec-


At one period since the first of January last, the retary is founded. I am unable to say, but it does
prices of cottons have even been lower than here not appear to have the sanction of Mr. Palmer, as
stated, but estimating thedecline at only five cents above quoted, nor that of the Edtinburgh Review.
a pound upon an average upon one million of bales The former gives the circulation of the Bank of
of four hundred pounds vei-ht each, the amount England on 28th June, 1836, at 17,900,0001.
would be 20,000,000 dollars.* and on the 27th December, 1836, at 17,300,0001.
Tnat this decline in price was occasioned by the
derangement in the currency of England, will Showing a reduction of 600,000
scarcely be denied by' any one; and if the reader and the latter gives the circulation of the private
is desirous of understanding the causes of that de- and joint stock banks, on 25th June, 1836, at
rangement, he will find them detailed at full length, 12,202,1971.
in an article headed The Constitutional Curren- and on the 3lstof December, 1836, at 12,011,697
cy, No. 2," which originally appeared in the Na-
tional Gazette of April 8th, 1837. It was the re- Showing a reduction of 190,500
suit of the efforts to force gold into the United States It must thus appear to every unprejudiced mind
from Europe. that the President is not borne out by statistical
Having thus briefly shq-wn the mode by which facts in his assertion that there has been in England
the commercial operations cf the United States "an augmentation of the paper currency, as much
have produced embarrassments in all parts of the in proportion to the real wants of trade, as in the
trading world, it nowjnNAo examine another United Slates," and has consequently, so far as his
proposition asserted in e Message. The Presi- theory of a simultaneous overaction in England
dent, after stating the si re fact that "over-action" was built upon an identity of causes, so far he has
had not been confined to 'ur country, undertakes signally failed to establish it. The truth is, there
to explain the simultanecdsness of the movement was no simultaneous action about it. The embar-
by shewing a similarity in the exciting causes. He rassments which have taken place in England and
says- elsewhere, are clearly traceable to the speculative
A reference to the amount of banking capital mania which was created in the United States, and
and the extent of paper credits put in circulation had the Message been penned in strict accordance
in Great Britain by banks and in other ways, du- with the facts of the case it would have run some-
ring the years 1834, 1835, and 1836, will show an what in this style.
augmentation of the paper currency there, as much The embarrassments of the country have grown
disproportioned to the real wants of trade, as in the out of over-trading and over-speculating.
United States." The over-trading and over-speculating have been
In this declaration the Message is, I apprehend, the necessary and unavoidable consequences of
in great error. It has fallen to the lot of the present over-banking.
writer to see several statements of the banking The over-banking was altogether engendered by
concerns of Great Britain, which have been rr-- the existence of a large surplus revenue, which ena-
cently published, all of which establish the fact bled the deposit banks to lend forty millions of dol-
that during the years 1834, 1835, and 1836, the lars more than they could have loaned had there
extent of paper credits there put in circulation by been no surplus revenue.
the banks, compared with those in the U. States, The surplus revenue was derived altogether from
was as a molehill to a mountain, the extraordinary sales of public lands.
Mr. J. Horsley Palmer, one of the Directors of The extraordinary sales of public lands were pro-
the Bank of England, in hislate pamphlet, entitled duced by the facilities originally placed irnhe hands
The Causes and Consequences of the Pressure of the western and south-western speculators, by
upon the Money Marker, with a statement of the the deposit banks in those quarters, in the shape
Action of the B ink of England from 1st October, of loans of the public money.
1833, to the 27th December, 1836," tells us that the And these facilities were wholly due to the re-
issues of the Bank of England and its branches, at moval of the deposits of the public money from
the periods mentioned, were as follows: the Bank of the United States ; so that, turn the
1833-October 1, 19,800,000 l. matter as we may, to this complexion must it come
1834-April 1, 19,000,000 at last, that the commercial world has been turned
September 30, 19,100,000 upside down by General Jackson's humble efforts
1835-March 31, 18.500,000 to restore the Constitutional Currency."
September 29, 18,200,000 AN EXAMINER.
1836-March 29, 18,000,000
September 27, 18,100,000
December 27, 17,300,000 [Reported for the New-York Amencan.1
The same writer also tells, that in the circulation WEEKLY RECORD OF THE THERMOMETER.
of the Bank of Ireland "there was no material SEPTEMBER. 1837.
fluctuation in the circulation," and consequently, as Night. Day. Wind. Remarks.
tar as these two great Banks were concerned, there Tues. 12lh 59 68Q NW Fine.
was no expansion of the currency. Wed. 13th 480 660 NW Fine.
But there are private banks of issue. Let us Wed. 13th 48" 66 NW Fine.
hear what he says of them: Thur. l4th 540 65 NNE Fine.
"It next remains to be shown what was the Frid. 15th 52 64 NE Fine.
amount of paper money in circulation in England Satur. 16th 51 63- NE Cloudy morning:
and Wales and Ireland, other than that issued by fine afternoon.
the Banks of En2land and Ireland. The average und 17th 56 NNE Fine.
in England apd Wales on th. 29th of March, 1834, Sund. 17th 56 7U- NNE Fine.
was 10,20(G,000., and in June, 1836, 12 200,0001. Mon. 18lh 620 76 NE toS Foggy morning:
In Ireland, the average in June, 1834, was 1,300,- clear day.
0001., and in June, 1836, 2,300,0001. In both eases, Monday evening, 18th September, 1837.
the greatest extension took place within the last
year. It thus appears that there was a total in-
crease in this portion of the paper money of the [From the Kentucky Oommentator.1
paper money of the two kingdoms, in 1836, over FLORIDA WAR.-Countermand of the Requisi-
1834, of no less than three millions, or more than tion for a Brigade of Kentucky Volunteers.
twenty-five per cent." In our last paper we published a notification from
From the statement of this writer, it would thus the Department of War to the Executive of this
appear, that after deducting the contraction made State, directing his Excellency to take the prepa-
by the Bank of England between the 1st of April, ratory steps for mustering into service, without de
1834, and the 27Lh of December, 1836,-equal to lay, a brigade of Kentucky volunteers. Scarcely
1,700,0001.-the aggregate amount of expansion by has our paper, with the Official Order contained
all the Banks in Great Britain was but 1,300,0001.- therein, had time to reach the subscribers, ere a
not quite 6,500,000 dollars; whereas in the United countermand to the call is received at the Execu-
States, according to the documents of the Secretary tive office. This extraordinary document is in the
of the Treasury, the increased circulation of bank following words:


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FIVE HUNDRED GUNS FOR MAINE.
;-!EJ The friends of the democracy of numbers
are requested to meet at Knickerbocker Hall, 19
Park Row, this evening, at half past seven o'clock,
on business relating to recent triumphs of princi-
ple.

ITEMS.
PATRIOTIC PRESENT.-John Struthers, Esq. of
Philadelphia, has presented to the relatives of GEN-
ERAL WASHINGTON, a magnificent marble sarcopha-
gus, in which to place the coffin containing the mor-
tal remains of the father of his country.
CORONER'S INQUESTS.-Henry Williams, a man
of color, aged 55 years, who lived in Anthony
street, burst a blood vessel yesterday morning,
and died in less than halt an hour. Verdict ac-
cordingly.
Last Friday morning a little girl named Cathe-
rine Miller, aged 18 months, whose parents:reside
at No. 10, Avenue B, was left alone in the parlor,
on the table of which a cup of scalding hot coffee
had been placed, for breakfast. The child took hold
of the table cloth and pulled the contents of the ta-
ble on her person, and was so scalded on the head
and breast by the coffee, that she died in conse-
quence yesterday morning. Verdict accordingly.


From the Mobile Commercial Register of the
llth inst. we learn that an awful gale had been
experienced at Apalachicola on the 1st instant,
which caused the destruction of property to the
amount of fully two hundred thousand dollars.
The Register contains the following account of the
gale :
On Wednesday, about 7 o'clock in the evening,
a squall came up from the southeast, which con-
tinued increasing with considerable violence for
about two hours ; the wind then shifted to the
westward, and about 11 o'clock it blew a pretty
heavy gale ; it gradually increased in violence until
morning, when the tide had risen about six feet,
coveringg our wharves some two or three feet.
Every moment now seemed to add terror to the
desolating "scene-the rain descended in torrents,
while the wind was blowing a perfect hurricane.
Every citizen was called upon to save the property
likely to float away on the wharves, or the steam-
boats or smaller crafts that were now in a sinking
condition at the wharves; but all human exertion
seemed to fail-the wind increased and with it the
rain, until it appeared as though heaven and earth
would come together. About 12 o'clock, noon, the
wind veered round to the northward and eastward,
and with it an increase, if possible, of the gale. All
persons now seemed to give up all hopes of saving
any thing but themselves. Notwithstanding the
narrowness of our river immediately in front of the
city, it seemed no protection to our vessels; the
wind, as though with wings, appeared to raise them
up and throw them down with violence upon the
wharves. At four o'clock not a person was seen
in Water street, and to get under the lee of a house
was only to have the roof tumbling down upon
you. All the steamboats and small crafts, by this
time, were in ten thousand pieces; the wooden
buildings on the wharves were also floating with
the other wrecks.
The gale continued until about 12 o'clock at
night, when it shifted to the northwest, and this
morning we are again blessed with a clear sky.
The following are a few of the disasters:
The Columbus block has suffered by the loss of
a wall or two. Peck's store is level with the ground.
Harper's do. with the exception of a small piece of
wall. Hamilton's unroofed (second time.) Nourse
& Brooks, front part unroof d and upper story of
front and rear walls thrown down. Middlebrook's, -
portions of the covering off. Rainey's front un-
roofed and was injured. Dili's upper story of
front blown down, (it was not covered.) Porter's,
zinc torn up much. Dodge's, front unroofed.
Simpsori's unroofed entirely, two stories of side and
end wall down. E. Wood, do. Williams's 2d story
of side wall down. Churchill's roof injured; zinc
off in portions. Chittenden's upper store, where
his goods are, is safe.
Three other stores unroofed; Raymond's un-
roofed; one of Richards & Wood's unroofed in
front; Tomlinson's unroofed in front; Nourse &
Brooks, No. 2, sustained comparatively no injury;
Leland's south wall down; Batizill's all down, but
one story of rear wall; Taylor's level with the
ground; N. & B. Gorril's uninjured, unless by the
tide, which flowed around them; EHlison's un-
roofed, two stories of front and rear wall and some
of north wall down; next safe; Churchill's front
unroofed; next, an unfinished wall fell; Hawley's
store was washed off the,wharf; Kilburn's, do.;
Clark's house washed into the street.
The steamers Minerva, Edwin Forrest, and
Henry Crowell, sunk at the wharf. Frank Short's
house washed away, and the schr. Orleans now
lies where it stood. A sloop (a large one too) 'oc-
cupies the lot owned by Mr. Peck, N. & 1. &
Gorries' wooden store that Lock occupied is down;
also many other wooden buildings. The mansion
house stood through it, though the beds and farni-.
ture were much injured from water. The lower
wharf, owned by the Col. Co., is demolished ; also,
Porter & Rainey's, all of which were nearly com-
pleted. Our wharf is the only one where a vessel
can discharge a cargo. The upper wharf of CoL
Co. is badly injured, and two st' amers are sunk in
front of it. The shed of the Apalachicola Land Co.
is down.
I will farther add, that the one story building on
Middlebrook's back lot is injured by having the
the western end blown out, and a timber from our
roof went through the roof of that. H. &Raney's
dry goods were in their store, and must be nearly
or quite lost. Bennett's are somewhat injured;
Old's do. very much injured; Rinulde's do, satura-
ted with water; Raymond's do. were exposed to
the rain. It is thought the channels in the bay
must be very much changed and filled up. We
shall ascertain in a day or two.

UNITED STATES DRaGOONS.-Yesterday five
companies of the 2d Regiment of U. S. D.-agoons,
under command of Colonel Twiggs, crossed the
river at this place on their way to Florida. The
troops were all well mounted and equipped for the
service; but we cannot say so much for their per-
sonal appearances. There were too many pale
and sickly faces amongst them, and, if we mistake
not, too many of them are of such recent importa-
tion, that they will be but badly qualified to serve
in the arduous duty to which they are destined.-
[St. Louis Republican.]

NAvAL.-The Norfolk Beacon, of Friday last,
says: "The United States ship Relief, Lt. Corn.
Dornin, of the Exploring Squadron, has come up
from Craney Island, and anchored off the Naval
Hospital, for the purpose of taking in stores, &c.
The squadron will sail from this port aboutthe
last of this month for New York."


I'


_. = _= --- I- r-- I


_ ------I I I


porting to be issued by the Girard-Loanii company.
The Iiquirer states that there is no such ',ompahlVy
in existence.
Lot Pugb, Esq. of Cincinnati, has cultivated most
successfully the Sugar Beet, on his farm near that'
city. Last year he raised fifty tons of beets to the
acre, and his crop is much better the present season
Flour at Cincinnati, Sept. 13th, was $5 2 cts.,
being an advance of 12 cts. upon the prices of the
previous week. At Richmond, 14th inst., county
superfine, $73.4. Wheat $160; being an advance
of 5 cts.


POSTSCRIPT.!
Seventeen minutes past one o'clock.
BY EXPRESS MAIL.
(From our Correaponden.t) -
WASHINuToN, Sept. 18.
The Senate has been the scene' of great interest.
Mr. Calhoun offered his amendment to tho bill au-
thorising the issuing of Treasury notes, to the el- -
feet that from and after the Ist day of January,
1838, three-fourths, of the amount due the Govern-
ment for duties, taxes, sales of public lands, or other
debts, may be paid in the notes of specie paying,
banks; and that from and after the first day of
January, 1839, one-half may be so paid,
and from and after the 1st day of January, 1840,
one-foirth; and from and after the 1st day of Jan.
1841, all sums for duties, sales of public lands, or
other debts due to the government, shall be paid
only in the legal currency of the United States,, or
in such notes, bills or paper issued under the au-
thority of the same, as may be directed to be re-
ceived by law. .
Mr. Rives gave notice of his intention, to bring
forward a bill to designate the kind of currency in
which the public dues should be received.
Some memorials were presented, praying the es-
tablishment of a National Bank, and from the mer-
chants of New York, praying extension of time on
their bonds, and exemption from duty on the goods
burned in that city at the late fire-these, however,
were laid en the table.
The resolution from the House of Represeinta-
tives excluding the sale of spirituous liquors in the
Capitol, was taken up, and unanimously passed.
In the House, a great number of memorials
against the admission of Texas to the Union, were
presented. They were laid on the table to be dis-
posed of at the regular annual session, the House
having recently adopted a resolution to that effect.
Memorials were also presented from various
States, in favor of the establishment of a National
Bank and regulation of the currency.
The Committee of Ways and Means reported
the bill from the Senalt, postponing the fourth in-
stalment of deposits with the States, without a-
mendment. Also, the bill "authorizing the depo-
siting of merchandize in the public stores. Also, a
bill to revoke the charters of the Banks in. the Dis-
triet of Columbia, in case of their refusal to resume
specie payments within a limited period. Also, a
hill making an additional appropriation of $1,-
600,000 for carrying on theFlorida war. They
were read twice, and referred to a Committee of
the Whole.
The House after this day will meet at 11 o'clck,
instead of 12, as heretofore.
The subject of the Mississippi metmbera- wil be
brought up to-morrow.


SALES OF STOCKS THIS DAY.
Reported by Joht H. 9,-,,, ,.-,,1. S
broker, No. 28 Wtil street.
25 shares United States Bank............118
411 do do............. 118
s0 do do.............. 118
10 do' do ...........1...1
50 do do..............lIs-c
s0 -- do do...............118 -s 60
50 do do.......r.....115 -s 60 J
50 do do ..............118
50 do do ............ 118-s 60
J80 Delaware & Hudson Canal........ 76 -c
50 do do ............. 76--
25 do do .............. 76-
50 do do... ........ 76
50 do do.............. 760-nw
25 do do .............. 76-n w
50 do do .............. 76-s 15
50 do do.............. 76-a 15
50 do do.............. 76
25 do do.............. 76-c
25 do do .............. 76-nw
20 Mechanics' Bank................. 90
10 do do............... 90
50 do do.............. 90
10 Stonington Railroad ............. 641
50 do do............... 65-s 30
50 do do........... 65
5 do do............... 66
50 Boston S& Worcester.............. 941-s 60 ds
60 do do.............. 95 -s 30 d
25 do do ............., 9a -s 30 ds
50 -- do do .............. 957-b 30
s0 do do.............. 94t--c
50 do do ............. 94.
50 do do ............ 94,-s 80
50 do do.............. 94r--s 30
50 do do ............. 94--s 30
20 Utica Railroad Co.............. 117;
20 Butchers & Drovers' Bank...... 102f
7 State Bank ofN. Y... ....... 90
50 Farmers' Trust.................. 93 -sj 0
10 do do............. 94 k
7 N.O. Canal Bank ............... 81
13 OioLife &Trust ...............100
50 American Trust Company....... 96-B n w
60 do do............. 96
50 Mohawk and Hudson Railroad.... 72
25 do do.............. 72
25 do do ............. 72
50 do do.............. 72
50 do do.............. 724--B 10
50 do do ............ 72 -s 30
50 do do............... 72-10 "
25 do do............... 72--10
50 Paterson Railroad........ 50
10- do do........... 560
10 do do............. 50
50 do do............. 5
26 do do................ 61
50 do do............. 51
lo Harlem Railroad ............... 65 -c
25, do do............... 65-b th w
26 do do.............. 65i
25 do do .........i.... 65-b 3 de
25 do do..............5S
50 do do ............. 65-s th w
50 Boston & Providence............ 100 -c
50 do do..............101 --b 60
$1000 Treasury Drafts....... ..........104
SPECIE, &c.
Asked. Offered:
American Gold............. 1071 1071
Sovreikns ...................5-29 5.26
Spanish Dollars..............110 109
Mexican Dollars ..............1081 1089
Five Francs ................... 102 102
Spanish Doubloons.......... 17.00 16.85
Patriots do..................16.70 16.65
Half Dollars ................. 1074 1071
Quarter Dollars. '.............108 106k
Treasury Drafts................104 104
Napoleons.....................408 -

NEW YORK, Sept. 18.
CATTLE MARKrT.-At market 1000 head beef
rnttl :inl..e-hir a 9C;( ,Afr th. sumlth- IM mnilet rnwfa


IW -Mio









-NEW YORK AMERICAN.
WEDNESDAY EVENING, SEPT. 20, 183T.
Ofice, 74 Cedar street, two doors from Broadway.

The progress through the Senate of the bills re-
ported by Mr. Wright, is, as will be seen by the
Congress report, rapid and unresisted. On theone
hand the supporters of the Government see, or
affect to see, in these measures, relief to the Trea-
sury-which is all they profess to aim at; on the
other, the opponents of misrule and experiment are
content to resign the reins, without interference, to
those who have driven the State coach into the
quagmire' where it is floundering, but from which
its conductors still insist upon their ability to extri-
cate it.
One thing, however, we hope our readers will
constantly bear in mind, that until the bold and ig-
norant empirics who now have charge of the vehi-
cle, undertook its direction, it was travelling surely
and safely on a level and smooth road, and that the
best result now promised us is, that if we will help,
or not oppose, their efforts to get out of the swamp,
they will let all the owners and passengers alight-
and then keep the carriage for the sole use and be-
'4hoof of the coachman, grooms and stable.boys.
To this complexion in fact-though shadowed
forth by a figure of speech-the whole thing has
come: the federal machine is to be worked merely
for the benefit of federal officers, and the States and
the people are to be left to take care of themselves.
STATE OF THE TREASURY.-On Monday, we


gave an extract from Senator Wright's speech
stating that there was not in the Treasury money:
enough by three millions to pay over to the State
the October instalment of the Surplus. We nom
subjoin a calculation by Mr. Cambreleng in th
House, showing a deficit in the coming year c
nine millions.
Mr. Cambreleng presented tne following state
ments, prepared by himself, to show the state of th
Treasury !
Estimated State of the Treasury on the IstofOclober
1837.
Specie fund in land offices and
banks, $700,000
Specie fund in the Mint, 800,000


Balances due from banks which will re-
main undrawn on the 1st October,
Instalment due from the B-nk of the
United States on the 1st October, de-
ducting the amount paid through an
arrangement with the Navy Depart-
ment, about


5,000,00



1,500,00


Available and unavailable funds, $8,000,0(
Deduct the sums which will not be
available either for deposit or for
current expenses of Government for
some time to come, viz :
Employed in the Mint for the purchase
of bullion, &c. which cannot be appli-
ed to any immediate use, 500,000
Of the five millions due from
banks, only $750,000 are due
from banks east and noth of
Virginia, and but $250,000
from other banks which can be
considered available leaving
wholly unavailable in remote
banks 4,000,000
It is understood that the Bank
of the United States has be-
come the purchaser of the
Treasury transfer drafts to the
States, (presuming that they
were, like other drafts, re-
ceivable in payment for public
dues,) to meet the instalment
due on the 1st of October,
whether they are received or
net-the fund will be unavail.
able-in the one case the
claim continues on the United
States Bank, and in the other
the balance due from the
Banks is increased to the
--- amount of Q9 .- t .0,000
-- 6,000,00

Leaving in the Treasury, to
meet current expenses 2,000,001
Of which-there is in specie 1,000,000
Balance due from non-specie
paying Banks 1,000,000
Probable state of the Treasury in the last quarter
of the year, including unavailable funds, or al
funds which cannot be applied to the current ex
penses of Government.
Balance in the Treasury 1st of October-
In specie $1,000,000
In banks 1,000,000
----2,000,001


Receivable from public lands,
probably less, but may be 1,000,000
Current receipts from customs,
bonds, cash duties, &c. if the
payment of the bonds be post-
poned, and not including sus-
pended bonds 1,000,000
Suspended bonds, payable from
the middle of November to 1st
January 1,900,000
Receipts from miscellaneous
sources 100,000
./


1,000,000


$6,000,000
The expenditures during the last quar-
ter, estimated at the monthly rates for
the first eight months in the year, will
be $9,000,000
Extraordinary appropriations, which will
be immediately required or the Florida
war, 1,600,000
Allowance for drafts on banks (four and
a half millions outstanding) which have
been issued, and which may be returned
in the last quarter in payment of public
dues instead of money, besides the mil-
lion and a half purchased by the United
States Bank, 500,000
Balance required to be in the Treasury to
meet contingent demands, (particularly
necessary when the outstanding appro-
priations amount to twenty-four mil-
lions,) and excluding the additional half
million allowed by law for the use of
the mint, 4,000,000

$15,100,000
Deduct the available means in fourth quar-
ter,. 6,000,000

Amount to be provided, $9,100,000
Tiz- IssUE.-At the request of Mr. Cambreleng,
Mr. Garland, of Virginia, submitted, on Monday,
his substitute for the sub-Treasury scheme :
On motion of Mr. Garland, the same having
been first read, was laid on the table, and ordered
to be printed'for the use of the members
Be it enacted, &c. That the Secretary of the
Treasury be, and hereby is, required to adopt such
measures as he may deem necessary, to effect the
collection of the public revenue of the United States,
whether arising from duties, taxes, debts, or sales


w
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;f


e


received by the State Governmenis in which it is
issued in payment of its revenue. I
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall
be the duty of the Secretary of the Treasumy to se-
lect such State banks as depositories of the public
money as, from their location, shall be most conve-
nient for the fiscal operations of the Government,
and the commercial intercourse of the country, not
exceeding in number.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted That it shall
be the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury, in all
cases, to require of the banks to be retained, or
hereafter selected as the depositories of the public
money, ample and approved collateral security for
the safe-keeping and faithful repayment of all such
sums of the public money as are or shall be deposi-
ted with them, which security shall be annually re-
newed.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the Sec-
retary may, in his discretion, whenever the circula-
tion of any deposit bank shall exceed three times
the amount of its actual specie capital, discontinue
such bank as a depository of the public money, and
the receipt of its notes in payment of the public re-
venue.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That if any of
,he banks which have suspended specie payments,
the notes of which, previous to said suspension,
were received in payment of the public revenue,
shall bonafide resume specie payments one month
previous to the day of ,then and in that
case it shall be the duty of the collectors and receiv-
ers of the public money to receive the notes of such
bank or banks in payment of the public revenue,
under the restrictions and limitations hereinafter
prescribed. But the bills or notes of any bank fail-
ing to redeem its notes in specie as aforesaid, with-
in the time limited, shall not be thereafter received
in payment of the public dues as aforesaid.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That it shall
be lawful for the Secretary of the Treasury, if lihe
shall deeni it expedient, to continue as depositories
of the public money any bank which has suspended
specie payments as aforesaid, under limitations and
conditions as he may prescribe.
This we suppose to be identical with the propoj
sition which Mr. Rives is to submit to the Senate.
It presents the distinct issue between Mr. Van Bu-
ren's project for a divorce between Bank and State
by means of Sub-Treasuries, and the continuation
of the connection as heretofore between the Fede-
ral Government and the State Banks as deposito-
ries.
CONGRESS-Monday.


In the Senate a good deal of business was des-
patched on Monday. Mr. Calhoun proposed his
amendment to the Treasury note bill, which, how.
ever, he withdrew as an amendment to that bill,
0 and laid it on the table to be printed.
The Treasury note bill was then taken up, and
the question was on its engrossment. We quote
from the Courier & Enquirer.
0 Mr. Walker moved to strike out all of the bill
which relates to interest on the Treasury notes. If
o they were to bear interest, they would be imme-
diately substituted for the cotton of the south as
a medium of remittance to foreign countries.
Mr. Wright hoped that the motion would not
prevail. He disclaimed any design to compel the
public creditor to take the Treasury notes as an
equivalent for gold and silver. He believed that
the country would not bear an emission of ten mil-
lions without interest, without depressing the notes
in the market. He hoped the bill would be per-
mitted to pass in its present state, to undergo a
trial of a few months, when this Congress would
again be in session, and could remedy any incon-
venience.
Mr. King, of Georgia, referred to the fact that
our protested Treasury drafts were equal to specie
for some purposes, but not for currency. So in re-
ference to the Treasury bills, every man will ask
himself if they are worth specie? He did not fear
that our paper notes would fly any more to Europe.
He opposed the idea that in tho exportation of
these notes the interests of the cotton planter would
be injured. He hoped the amendment would not
prevail.
Mr. Walker said the crop of cotton was now
about to be picked out and sent to Europe, and to
put afloat at this moment any paper issues, which
could be substituted for cotton, would be to shut out
the staple of the South as an export. He modified
his motion so as to reduce the interest to three per
centum.
Mr. Webster said as the notes were redeemable
a year hence, the addition of the interest would have
D little or no influence.
Mr. Walker said interest was added to the bonds
issued by the Bank of the U. S., to give them cur-
D rency in Europe.
Mr. Calhoun expressed a wish that a discretion
should be left with the Secretary to make the notes
bear interest or not.
Mr. King, Ga., doubted the practicability of get-
ting these notes into circulation.
The amendment was negatived.-Yeas 6, nays
40.
The question was then taken on the engrossment
of the bill and decided in the affirmative-yeas 43,
nays 5.
The Senate then proceeded to consider the bill
to extend the time for the payment of duty bonds.
Mr. Webster rose to propose an amendment to
this bill. He did not think the time named, six
months, would be sufficient. He moved to strike
out six and insert nine.
Mr. Wright said he had hastily consulted the
members of the Committee. The memorial re-
ceived today from New York, pressed for an ex-
tension of twelve months. In consequence of the
importation being semi-annual, to fix six or twelve
months would interfere with the period when a
great number of cash duties will accrue. To adopt
nine months would be to take a middle period of
more convenience. He therefore would agree to
the amendment.
The amendment was decided in the affirmative-
yeas 44, nay 1.
The bill was reported to the Senate, and the
amendment being concurred in, the bill was or.
dered to be engrossed.
The Senate proceeded to consider the bill to ad-
just the remaining claims on the deposit banks.
Mr. Walker moved to amend the bill by striking
out" two," five" and eight," as the periods for
the payment of the instalments, and inserting
"four," six" and nine" months.
Mr. Wright was willing to take three, six and
nine months as the period", and asked that the
question be first taken on striking out two" and
inserting four."
After a few words from Mr. Grundy, Mr.
Wright withdrew his opposition, and the amend-
ment was agreed to.
The bill was reported to the Senate, and the
amendments being agreed to, the bill was ordered
to be engrossed.
The Senate proceeded to consider the bill to au-
thorize merchandise to be deposited in the public
stores.
No amendment being offered, the bill was re-
ported to the Senate.
Mr.Clay asked if the bill was not intended to
repeal all credits on imports, and if so, if there
should not be a repealing clause.
Mr. Wright said there was a repealing clause.
Mr. Clay wished to strike out the exception in
favor of prints.
Mr. Wright said he would not resist a motion to
strike out, the same remark having been made by
a practical merchant in the other House.
Mr. Calhoun moved to postpone this bill. t
Mr. Wright left it to the Senate to determine. f
He was ready to act at this time.
Mr. Buchanan said he should vote against post-
ponement.


Seinole War.
By unanimous consent, Mr. Everett offered a re-
solution calling on the Secretary of War to lay be-
fore the House a statement of the number of Indians
employed in the military service of the U. States
since the commencement of the Seminole War; and
also copies of all situations in which Indians have
been employed, or directed to be employed, since
the commencement of the Seminole War. Adopted.
Surplus Revenue.
On motion of Mr. Cambreleng, the House resolv-
ed itself into committee of the whole on the state of
the Union, and tock up for consideration the bill
from the Senate, entitled "An Act to Postpone the
Fourth Instalment of Depositei with the States."
Mr. Dawson, of Georgia, moved to amend this
bill, by striking out all after the enacting clause,
and inserting as a substitute a proposition to sus-
pend the expenditure of fifteen millions of dollars of
the unexpended balances of the appropriations for
the past and present year.
Mr. D. then moved that as the document called
for on this subject had not been laid on the tables
of the members, he would move that the committee
rise, report progress, and have leave to sit again ;
with a view to give the members an opportunity to
examine that document.
Mr. Cambreleng having prevailed on Mr. D. to
withdraw his motion for the present, expressed his
belief that when the Committee of the Whole came
to understand the proposition, they would not post-
pone the consideration of the subject one moment,
for the purpose indicated by the gentleman from
Georgia. He (Mr. C.) would at any time enter
into a brief statement of the reasons which had in-
duced the Committee to report this bill ; and he had
no doubt when they were properly understood,
and when the actual condition of the Treasury was
laid before the house, the bill would be passed by a
large majority.
Mr. C. then read to the House a long statement
which he had hinmelf prepared as to what would
be the condition of the Treasury on the first day
of October next.
This statement, it was alleged by Mr. Rhctt, ol
South Carolina and others, differed from that
which had been prepared by the Secretary of the
Treasury, and it was suggested by Mr. Bell, thai
the Committee should rise and report progress, and
that the House should then adjourn, with a view
of affording an opportunity of examining into the
alleged difference between the report of the Secre.
tary of the Treasury and the statistical documrni
now submitted by Mr. Cambreleng.
Mr. Wise begged leave to inquire of the Chair.
man of the Committee of Ways and Means, whe.
their an estimate of the finances had been furnishec
to that committee by the Secretary, different fror
that which had been submitted to the House by tht
same officer.
Mr. Cambreleng said, a different estimate ha<
not been submitted. The statement which he hac
read to the House, had been made out by himself
in his own mode of making out accounts.
The Committee then rose and reported progress
And the estimate furnished by Mr. Cambrelen
was ordered to be printed for the use of the metm-
bers.
And thereupon the House adjourned.

[From the Sag Harbor Corrector. [
ONE HUNDRED GUNS for Rhode Island, an(
other Whig Victories were fired in this place or
Thursday last. Old Suffolk, though not quick o;
the trigger, will always furnish a strong rear guarc
for Whig principles.

AT NEW ORLEANS the ravages of the Yellow
Fever were, at the latest date, increasing.
A slip by the Express mail, dated 12th inst. from
the office of the True American, gives this affecting
evidence of the desolations of the pestilence:
Since our paper last appeared we have had the
misfortune to lose our foreman, Mr. P. C. M. An-
drews.
We were unable to publish our paper on Satur-
day, as all the hands in our office were taken down
with the prevailing epidemic, but one, who is him.
self complaining. One of our carriers died on Fri-
day, and the othersareall down.
We have made an effort, and have collected to.
gether a few hands, but how long we shall be per-
mitted to keep them, God only knows.
Sickness in our own family, among our friends,
whom we are obliged to attend to, our employees
and their families, prevents us from bestowing any
attention upon our paper-our subscribers will re-
ceive it for a few days with indulgence.
Late arrivals have brought into our afflicted city
near five hundred strangers, and no provision what-
ever has been made for theirsafety. They may be
easily distinguished walking the streets, food for
the yellow fever,of which they are sure to become
the victims, if they remain here but a few days.
Why were not these people placed in the U. S.
Barrack, below the city-a most comfortable and
healthy location?
Health of the City.-We made every exertion
yesterday to procure the list of interments, but
without success. At the grave yards we were di-
rected to call at the Mayor's office; we went there
and found it closed.
Of one thing, however, we are very certain, both
from our own observation and information of several
physicians: the sickness has increased, and the
deaths cannot, for the last three days, be less than
two hundred. The weather continues the same-
hot sun, dry, cool breeze. We cannot reasonably
hope for any amelioration until we have a good
frost, which is not likely to happen before the end
of October.


Letters from Smyrna, to July 24, state that the
Plague was rapidly subsiding.-J-Boston Daily Ad-
vertiser.]
PLAGUE IN BENGAL.-A letter received by the
Rosabella, at this port, from Calcutta, dated May
9, states that the plague had made its appearance
in the upper provinces of Bengal, and that the go-
vernmant were taking every precaution to prevent
its reaching Calcutta.--[Boston Daily Adv.]

REVOLUTION IN PORTUGAL-Bryant P. Tilden,
Esq. who came passenger in the Constitution, at this
port from St. Ubes, Aug. 20, and Capt. Glidden,
bring information that a civil war raged in Portugal,
and that daily skirmishes took place between dif-
ferent portions of the military, attended winh the loss
of some lives. A large proportion of the populace
and the military had become dissatisfied with the
Constitution, and with the administration of the
Government, and had consequently rebelled. Gen.
Saldana, one of the most distinguished generals in
the Portuguese service, had taken command of the
tnsurgent troops, and was marching with a large
force upon Lisbon. His design was not to depose
the Queen, as all parties were in favor of the contin-
uation of her reign. The Queen's accouchement
was speedily expected. The whole country was
under martial law.-[Boston Daily Adv.J

COURT FOR CORRECTION OF ERRORS, Albany,
Monday, Sept. 18.-The cause uf James Lynch and
others vs. the Utica Insurance Company, being No.
I on the Calendar of Appeals, was set down for ar-
gument for Monday next.
Mr. S. Stevens opened the argument on the
part of the appellants in the case of James W.
Warner and others vs. Stephen Reed.

ITEMS.
A fire broke out on Monday evening in the dry
roods store No. 529 Greenwich street, occupied by
Mr. H. 0. Scott. By the exertions of the firemen,
litle damage was done, except that sustained by
the goods from the water used in extinguishing the
ire.-- [Courier.1
FIRE.-Last evening about nine o'clock a fire broke
out in the back basement of the two story brick
k..;.4 I- W A wr- .-n .- -


AcctbENT.-As John Brown was engaged in
working in the Ore bed in West Stockbridge,
Mass., on the 13th inst., n large rock of Ore fell
from the bank upon him, and caused almost instan-
taneous death. Mr. Brown was about 35 or 40
years of age, and from the southern part of Ver-
mont, where it is supposed his relations and friends
reside.-[Albany Argus.l
It is stated in the Columbus, (Ohio) Journal that
since the first of January last the circulation of
the Banks of Ohio has been reduced two millions.
MOBILE, Sept. 13.
Nine deaths occurred in this city yesterday. In-
dividuals should guard well against the sudden
changes in the weather.
A man named James M'Straffirk, ws shot yes-
terday afternoon on the Spring Hill Road. We
understand he has since died. A reward of fifty
dollars is offered by Messrs. Haro!d and Connelly, -
for the apprehension of Michael Toole, the indi-
vidual charged with the crime.-[Examiner.]
MOVEMENTSOFU. S. TRooPS.-The fine ships
Caledonia Brander, Capt. Nicholson, and Jefferson,
Captain Mason, have been chartered to convey
from Fortress Monroe, 500 U. S. troops to Tirn-
pa Bay. They willsail 25th inst.--[Norfolk Her-
ald.]
The sloop of war*John Adams, now at New
York, has been selected to accompany the frigate
Columbia to the Eist Indies, under the command
of Commander T. W. Wyman.--[Army and Navy
Chron.]
CROPS.-A letter to the editor of the Norfolk
Herald states that the crops of corn in Sussex coun-
ty, Virginia, promise an abundant yield, and more
S.than an average crop of cotton is expected if there
should be a late fall.
t BREACH IN THE CANAL.-We learn the aque-
1 duct 17 miles below Chillicothe, gave way during
y the late freshet. Probably several days will be re-
quired to repair the breach.--[Cleveland Herald of
f 14th Sept.]
t BURDEN'S BOAT.-This boat left New York last
e evening at 8 o'clock, and arrived at the pier, foot of
d State street, at 9 o'clock this morning ; having made
V the passage through in 13 hours, including several
delays from fogs, and some little defects in the ma-
. chinery, which must have detained her at least two
t hours; making her running time 11 hours.--[Alba-
ny Argus.]
Col. Dodge, principal engineer of the Penn-
sylvania and Ohio Canal, states in the Ohio Star,
d that 2,000 hands will find employment on the said
n canal.
e At Nashville, Sept. 9th, country flour was $2 1-2
d a $3 per 100lbs. fair quality, supply abundant.
d Ohio superfine was $8 per bbl. "Corn, from pre-
sent appearances," says the Nashville Republican,
will be abundant in every section of the State."
At Lynchburgh, Va. 14th inst. flour was $5 1-2
. a 6, very dull." Wheat $1 05 a $1 10.
g At Georgetown, D. C. 16th inst. flour was $S a
- $8 1-4 per bbl. Wheal $1 50 per bushel.
The Western Watchman thus speaks of the crops
in Ohio:-
The crops in Ohio are said to be unparalleled in
d richness and abundance. Millers there say flour
n must comnr down to $4 50, and an intelligent gentle-
n man refused to contract to pay 75 cts. a bushel for
i wheat. Corn and Oats and potatoes were never
more prolific.
[[From the Wilnington (Del.) Journal.]
A PRODUCTIVE PEACH FAnM.--Mr. Jacob
Ridgeway has a farm near Delaware city, in this
n county, on which he commenced planting a peach
g orchard in the year 1831. A neighbor of Mr. R
gave us, a few days aince, the following account of
the condition and product of !he peach plantation
e during the present year. In the seven years which
have elapsed since he commenced the plantation,
Mr. Ridgeway has planted 140 acres-100 trees on
the acre. The produce of the present year is esti-
n mated, by our informant, at 100 baskets of peaches
per acre, or 14,000 baskets of peaches. The
peaches, of which he presented us some specimens,
are of the finest kind, large and of delicious flavor.
" Two schooners are constantly employed in trans
porting the fruit to the Philadelphia and N. York
markets; where, we understand, it meets with
, ready sale at 3, 4, to $5 per basket. It is estimated
s that his peach crop will yield a profit, during the
r present year, of twenty thousand dollars We
add to this statement, that there is no part of our
country which is more favorable to the production
of this delicious fruit, than thevicinity of Delaware
city, and the whole district of country lying along
" the western shore of the Delaware, and extending
from the Christjiana down to Bombay Hook.
...- i '-BALTIMORE, Sept. 19th.
FIRE.-About four o'clock yesterday afternoon
the stables and outbuildings on the farm of Mr.
Daniel Hoffman, Sen'r, on West Baltimore street
extended, were destroyed by fire.-[Am.1
The jeweller's shop of Mr. Samuel Roberts, at
STrenton, New Jersey, was broken open on Thurs-
day night and robbed of property to the amount of
a thousand dollars.
MISSING VEssEL.---The schooner William,
Knowlton, of Portsmouth, N. H., sailed from this
port 41 days since with a cargo of corn bound to
Charleston; since which no tidings have been had
of her. It is apprehended that she foundered in
the gale of August last.-[Norfolk Beacon.J


ACCIDENT.--Mr. Lemuel H. Halsey, of Bridge-
hampton, while tending his thrashing machine, (n
large log, filled with cogs or spikes) and turned by
a horse, was, as is supposed, caught by his frock.
and drawn under. His head is much cut and
bruised, collar bone, one arm, and two ribs broke ;
he had extricated himself before discovered, and
was then senseless. His cries were heard by the
family and neighbors, but it was supposed he was
merely calling his boy. It is supposed he cannot
recover.
SEizURE.--The small steamboat Caroline was
captured in Maumee Bay a few days since, by the
U. S. Revenue Cutter. Capt. Dobbins, and taken to
Buffalo. We understand the Caroline is charged
with having been used as a smuggling craft on the
Niagara river.-Ilbid.]
Tue MARKET.-Money Stocks are in general
firm. Specie is declining. Flour remains as last
week. The stock of foreign Rye is reduced to
7,000 bu., the last sale was at 90 cts. Southern
Corn commands 98 a 100 cts. Sugar continues to
sell briskly. The Cotton market is steady, with
fair sales at last week's prices.--[Jour. of Com.]

MARRIED,
This morning, in St. John's Church, Brooklyn, by
the Rev. E. M. Johnson, Samuel E. Johnson to
.Margaret Eliza, eldest daughter of Jacob Foster, Esq.
all of that city.
Last evening, by his Honor the Mayor, Mr.
Charles Dennison, Jun. to Helen X. only daughter
of Isrcl Cook, Esq. all of this cicy.

DIED,
Yesterday afternoon, of cholera inf.tntum, dde-
line J.uguste, daughter of Gerherdus L. Demarest,
aged 11 months.and 20 days.
Yesterday morning, 19th inst, at Rahway. N. J.
Mr. Moses P. Clark, of the firm of Clark, Weyman
& Co of this city.
Last evening, at the Astor House, .1. P. Gailliard,
of Charleston, S. C., aged 39 years. His friends
are requested to attend his funeral this afternoon at
4 o'clock, from the house of R. Berney, 33 Barclay
street.
Last night, after a long and painful illness. J. M.


POSTSTR IPT.
Half past one o'clock.
BY EXPRESS MAIL.
(From our Correspondent.)
VWASHINGTON, Sept. 19.
In the Senate-
The bill to authorize the Secretary of the Trea-
sury to issue Treasury notes ; the bill for the pos:-
ponement of the payment of duty bonds ; and the
bill for the settlement of claims on the part of the
Government with the Deposite Banks, \\ete read a
third time and passed.
Mr. Rives, in pursuance of the notice lie gave
yesterday, introduced his bill (the same, with a
slight variation, as lie introduced last year) to de-
signate the funds in which the public revenue
should be collected. Mr. Rives is now, ant] has
been, addressing the Senate for the last two hours
in a very able speech.
[In the House, some scores of petitions on the sub-
ject of slavery and the admission of Texas, were
presented, and laid on the table. A message was
received from the Senate, announcing the passage
of the bills authorizing the issue of Treasury
notes"; also '' for the extension of the time for- pay-
ment of duty bonds" ; also, for adjusting the ve-
maining claims of the United States against the
deposite banks." They were severally taken up,
read twice, and referred.
A long debate arose on a resolution offered by
Mr. Wise, asking the appointment of a Selclt
Committee to investigate the causes of the failure
of the Florid.i War. The House, without coining
to any decision on the resolution, went into Com-
mittee of the Whole, and took up the bill post-
poning the fourth instalment of deposits with the
States." The debate was pending when the Ex-
press left.

LFrom the National Intelligencer.]
DEBATE IN THE SENATE.
The bill to postpone the payment of the Fourth In-
stalment oJ the Deposite to the States.
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1837.
Mr. WEBSTER rose, and said that the importance
of the present crisis, and the urgency of this occa-
sion were such as to lead him earnestly to desire,that
some measures of adequate relief might come from
the quarter which alone had the power to effect any
thing, by the majority it commanded. Much as I
differ from them, (said Mr. W.) I would be glad to
accept any measure of substantial relief which they
might bring forward. I think, sir, I see such a ne-
cessity for relief as never before, within my recollec-
tion, has existed in this country, and I regret to be
obliged to say that the measures proposed by the
President, in his message to Congress, and reiterated
by the Secretary of the Treasury, in his report to
the same body, only regard one object, and are, in
their tendency, only directed to one branch of par-
tial relief. The evils, however, under which the
community now suffers, (said Mr. W.) though re-
lated, and of the same family, are yet capable ofdis-
tinct consideration. In the first place, there are the
wants of the Treasury, arising from the stoppage of
payments and the falling off of the revenue. This
is an exigency requiring the consideration of Con-
gress; it is an evil threatening to suspend the func-
tions of at least one department of tilhe government,
unless it be remedied. Another, and a greater evil
is, the prostration of credit, the interruption brought
upon all business transactions, arising from tho sus-
pension of all the local banks throughout the coun-
try, with some few and trifling exceptions. Hence
has proceeded a prostration of the local currency,
and a serious obstruction and difficulty thrown in the
way of buying and selling. A third want is, the
want of an accredited paper medium, equal to spe-
cie, having equal credit over all parts of the country,
capable of serving for the payment of debts and car-
rying on the internal business of the country, through'
out and between the different and distinct sections
of this great Union. These three evils, though they
are co-existent and cognate in their being, cannot be
met by the same measures of relief; if relief is given
to the one, it does not follow that you will relieve
the others ; if you replenish the Treasury, and thus
bring a remedy to that evil,this brings no relief to the
disordered currency. And again, if the local currern-
cy is relieved, it does not supply the other want,
namely, that of a universally accredited medium.
It has, no doubt, struck the country generally,
that the most important objection to the message is,
that it says nothing about relief to the country, di-
rectlyand mainly; the whole amount of the pro-
position it contains relates to the government itself;
the interest of the community is treated as collate-
ral, incidental, and contingent. So in the commru-
nlication made- b," th0 secretary >f the Treasuryr
the state of the currency, tne condition in which
the commerce and trade of the county now are, is
not looked at as a prominent and material object.-
The Secretary's report, as well as the message it-
self, exclusively regards the interest of the govern-
ment, forgetting, or passing by the people. The
outpourings of the Secretary, which are very con-
siderable in quantity, are under seven heads, the
exact number of the seven vials of which we read;
but the contents of none of these are concocted or
prepared in reference to the benefit of the commu-
nity; all the medicine is intended for the govern-
ment treasury, and there is none for the sickness
and disease of society, except collaterally, remotely,
and by-the-by. It is however, to the credit of the
President that he has given, in an unequivocal and
intelligible manner, his reasons for not recommend-
ing a plan for the relief of the country, and they are
that, according to his view, it is not within the con-


stitutional province of government. I confess (said
Mr. W.) this declaration is to me quite astounding,
and I cannot but think that, when it comes to be
considered1 it will produce a shock upon the whole
country. This avowed disregard of the public dis-
tress, upon the ground of alleged want of power;
this exclusive concern for the interest of government
and revenue ; this broad line of distinction now, for
the first time, drawn between the interests of the
government and the interests of the people, must
certainly present a new era in our politics. For
one, (said Mr. W.) I consider the government as
but a mere agency ; it acts not for itself, but for the
country ; the whole end and design of its being is to
promote the general interests of the community.-
Peculiar interests, selfish interests, exclusive regard
for itself, are wholly incompatible with the objects of
its institution, and convert it from its true character
as an agency for the people, into a separate domin-
ant power, with purposes and objects exclusive-
ly its own.
Holding different opinions on this subject, and
being prepared to stand by and maintain them,
I am certainly rejoiced at the clear shape which the
question has at last assumed. Now, he that runs
may read ; there are none but can see what the
question is : is there any duty incumbent on tkis go-
vernment to superintend the actual currency of the
country ? has it any thing to do beyond the regula-
tion of the gold and silver coin ? In that state of
mixed currency which existed when the constitu-
tion was formed, and which has existed ever since, is
it or is it not a part of the duty of the government,
to exercise a supervisory aare and concern over that
which constitutes by far the greater part of that cur-
rency ?
In other words, may this government abandon to
the states and to the local banks, without control or
supervision, the unrestrained issue of paper for cir-
.culation, without any attempt on its own part to es-
tablish a paper medium whico shall be equivalent to
specie, and universally accredited all over the coun-
try ? Or, Mr. President, to put the question in still
other words, since this government has the regula-
tion of trade, not only between the United States
and foreign states, but between the several states
themselves, has it nevertheless no power. over that
which is the most important and essential agent or
instrument of trade, the actual circulating medium ?
Now, Mr. President, on these questions, as already
said, 1 entertain sentiments wholly different from
those which the message expresses.
It is, (said Mr. W.) in my view. an imnerativop -,


iat# the currency between New Orleans and New
York 7
The idea has been thrown out that it is not the
duty of government to make provision for domestic
exchanges, and the practice of other governments
has been referred to; but, I think, in this particular
great mistake has been committed. It is certainly
far otherwise in England: she provides for them
most admiirably, though by means not perhaps alto-
gether in our power: she and other nations,however,
provide for them, and it is plain and obvious that ii
we are to have a paper medium of general credit ir
this country, it must be under the sanction and su-
pervision of the,.government. Such a currency is
itself a proper provision for exchanges. If there be
a paper medium always equivalent to coin, and o
equal credit in every part of the country, this itself
becomes a most important instrument of exchange.-
Currency and exchange thus become united; in pro
viding for one, government provides for the other
If the government will do its duty on the great sub
ject of the currency, the mercantile End industriouE
classes will feel the benefit through all the opera
tions of exchange. No doubt some modes of estab
lishing such a currency may be more favorable ti
exchange than others; but by whatever mode esta
Oblished, such a currency must be useful to a grea
extent. The question, therefore, comes to this,whe
other we are to have such a medium. I understand
there are gentlemen who are opposed to all pape
money, who would have no medium whatever in cir
culation but gold and silver; new this, at all events
is an intelligible proposition; but as to those wh,
say that there may be a paper medium, and yet tha
there shall be no such medium universally receive
ble, and of general credit, however honest the pur
poses of such gentlemen may be, I cannot perceiv(
the sanity ot such views; I cannot comprehend th(
utility of their intentions; I can have no faith, sir
in any such systems. Now, I would ask this plaii
question, whether any one imagines that all the du
ty of government, in respect to the currei:cy, is corn
prised in merely taking care that the gold and silver
coin be not debased ? If this be all its duty, that dut3
is performed, for there is no debasement of them
they are good and sound ; if this is all the duty c
government, it has done its duty; but if government
is bound to regulate commerce and trade, and, conse
quently, to exercise oversight and care over tha
which is the essential element of all the transac
tons of commerce, then government has done noth
ing.
I shall not, however, (said Mr. W.) enter int
this question to-day, nor perhaps on any early occa
sion ; my opinions upon it are all well known, and
leave it with great confidence to the judgment of th
country, only expressing my strong conviction tha
until the People do make up their minds, and caus
the result of their conclusions to be carried into el
feet by their representatives, there will be nothing,
but agitation and uncertainty, confusion and dis
tress, in the commerce and trade of the country.
I shall now (continued Mr. W.) confine myself t
a few remarks en the bill before us, and not detail
the Senate longer than will be strictly necessary t
give a plain statement of my opinion.
This measure is proposed in order to provide fo
the wants of the government. I agree that this is
necessary object, but the question is whether thi
bill is the proper mode of making such a provision
Ildo not think it is, though others may think differ
ently ; if this is indeed the best mode, I should wis
to see it carried into execution, for relief is wanted
both by the Treasury and by the country-but firs
and chiefly by the country.
I do not say, that by the law providing for this de
posite, the states have any fixed right to it; I prefe
to put the matter entirely an the footing of conve
nience and expediency; and when it is considered
- what expectations have been raised-that this mo
ney has even been already disposed of in advance
by the several states, for different purposes, such a
internal improvements, education, and other great
objects-it becomes a question of expediency whe
other it would not be better to supply the wants c
the Treasury by other means.
Another consideration of great importance in m-
view is this: There are already many disturbing
causes in operation, agitating the transactions of so
city in all the various ramifications of business anm
commerce. Now, I would ask, sir, is it adi'sable, i
it wise, is it even politic, to introduce, at such a tim
as this, another great disturbing cause, producing
reversed action, altering the destiny of this money
overthrowing contracts now entered into, disappoint
ing expectations raised, disturbing, unsettling, anm
deranging still more the already deranged business
transactions of the whole country ? I would ask, i
it worth while to do this ? 1 think not.
We are to consider that this money, according t(
the provisions of the existing law, is to go equally1
among all the states, and among all the people ; and
the wants of the treasury must be supplied, if sup
plies be necessary, equally by all the people. It ir
not a question, therefore, whether some shall havi
money, and others shall make good the deficiency '
All partake in the distribution, and all will contri
bute to the supply. So that it is a mere question o
convenience, and, in my opinion, it is decided]
must convenient on all accounts, that this instal-
ment should follow its present destination, and th<
necessities of the treasury be provided for by othet
means.
Again, if you pass this bill, what is it ? It is mon
bruturn fulmen; ofitsel f it will not produce an
goodifyou do pass it. All admit there is no mo
ney, therefore, the bill will give no relief to the trea
sury. This bill, Mr. President, will not produce
to the Secretary one dollar; he acknowledges him
self, that at all events, it will not produce him many
for he says he wants other aid, and he has apple(
to Congress for an issue of some millions in treasury
notes. He gets the money, therefore, just as wel
without this bill as with it; the bill itself, then, ii
unnecessary, depriving the States of a sum whict
the Secretary cannot avail himself of, and whict
sum, notwithstanding this bill, he proposes to supply
by an issue of government notes.
He calls this collateral aid to the measure of post
ponement; but this evidently reverses the order o
things, for the Treasury notes are his main reliance
to them only he looks for Immediate 'relief, and thi,


instalment now to be withheld is (as a productiv,
source of revenue) only subsequent and collatera
to the issue of the notes.
But now, sir, what sort of notes does the Secreta-
ry propose to issue ? H proposes, sir, to issue
Treasury notes of small denominations, down ever
as low as twe:,ty dollars, not bearing interest, ant
redeemable at no fixed period, they are to be receiv-
ed in debts due to Government, hut. are not other-
wise to be paid until at some indefinite time there
shall be a certain surplus in the Treasury, beyond
what the Secretary may think its wants require.-
Now, sir, this is plain, authentic, statutable papei
money; it is exactly a new emission of old continent-
al. If the genius of the old confederation were mow
to rise up in the midst of us, he could inot furnish us,
from the abundant stores of his recollection, with a
more perfect model of paper money. It carries lio
interest, it has no fixed time of payment, it is to cir-
culate as currency, and it is to circulate on the cre-
dit of Government alone, with no fixed period of re-
demption! If this be not paper money, pray, sir,
what is it? And, sir, who expected this? Who
expected that in the fifth year of the EXPERI-
MENT FOR REFORMING THE CURREN-
CY, and bringing it to an absolute gold and silver
circulation, the treasury department would be found
recommending to us a regular emission of PAPER
MONEY? This, sir, is quite new in the history
of this government; it belongs to that of the con-
federation which has passed away.
Since 1789, although we had issued treasury notes
on sundry occasions, we had issued notue like these;
that is to say, we have issued none not bearing in-
terest, intended for circulation, and with no fixed
mode of redemption. I am glad, however, Mr.
President, that the committee have not adopted
the Secretary's recommendation, and that they have
recommended the issue of treasury notes of a de-
scription more conformable to the practice of the
government.
I think, said Mr. W., there are ways by which
the deposites with the states might be paid with the
funds in the banks ; there are large sums on depo-
sit in some of the states, and an arrangement might
be made for the states to receive the notes of their
own banks in payment of this instalment, while the
Treasury is at the same time relieved by its own
measure, and all the inconvenience, disappoint-
ment and disturbance which this bill will necessa-
rily create, would be avoided. At any rate, the pay-
ment of this deposit could do no more than in some
measure to increase the amount of treasury notes
necessary to be issued ; it is a question of quantity


that such a power Can be fairly eXercised iby setizini
t on corporations and bankers, but excluding all thb
other usual subjects of bankrupt laws ? Besides,
do such laws ordinarily extend to corporations at
all? But suppose they might be so extended by a
r bankrupt law enacted for the usual purposes con-
templated by such laws, how can a law be defended
which embraces them and bankers alone ? I should
like to hear what the learned gentleman at the head
of the Judiciary committee, to whom the subject is
t referred, has to say upon it.
I How does the President's suggestion conform to
his notions of the Constitution 7 -The object cf
s bankrupt laws, sir, has no relation to currency. It
e is simply to distribute the effects of insolvent debtors
f among their creditors; and I must say, it strikes me
f that it would be a great perversion of the power con-
ferred on Congress, to exercise it upon corporations
and bankers, with the leading and primary object of
remedying a depreciated papercurrency.
And this appears the more extraordinary, inas-
s much as the President is of opinion that the general
-, subject of the currency is not within our province.
Bankruptcy, in its common and just meaning, is
o within our province. Currency, says the Message,
is not. But we have a bankruptcy power in the
t Constitution, and we will use this power, not for
bankruptcy, indeed, but for currency. This, I con-
dj ess, sir, appears to me to be the short statement of
r the matter. I would not do the Message, or its au-
thor, any intentional injustice, nor create any appa-
I, rent where there was not a real inconsistency; but I
o declare, in all sincerity, that I cannot reconcile the
t proposed use of the bankrupt power with those opin-
ions of the Message, which respect the authority of
Congress over the currency of the country.
e Mr. WRIGHT said he should confine the few re-
e marks which he should make, to the bill before
r, them, and in reply to the senator from Massachu-
n setts. The committee had discovered that some
proper measure ought to be adopted for the payment
of the public creditors; and the views of the commit-
r tee an this point, were embraced in the bill on the ta-
y ble. Of the transfer to the states, nine and a quar-
i; ter millions were to be paid by the 1st of October
)f next. But the Secretary of the Treasury had in-
t formed Congress that- he should take no steps fi z
!- this purpose, until Congress should act upon the
.t subject. The question now was, what was the abil-
ity of the treasury to meet this and other demands '
And what was the duty, and what was wise in the
case for Congress to do ? The Committee on Fi-
o nance thought it wise, and thought it their duty to
propose the postponement of the fourth instalment
1 to the states. The reasons for it, in the view of Mr.
e W., were, that the law requiring the transfer, was
.t on the face of it, and no doubt it was intended to be
e the spirit of the law, that it should be a measure pro-
f- hiding for the safe keeping of the public money, and
g that only. That the time had now arrived when the
i- United States had no money to keep, and no money
which was not more than required fobr the necessary
o public expenditures. Mr. W. would, therefore, cor-
n rect the supposition of the senator from Massachu-
o setts, that there were still public funds to make this
transfer, and that the only difficulty was to render
)r existing means available. Mr. W. understood the
a matter otherwise. The Secretary of the Treasury,
is in his report, had stated, that on the 28th of August
i. last, there was only $8,100,000 in the treasury sub-
ject to draft, exclusive of the money already deposi-
h ted with the states; and that the amount of allin the
I, treasury would be so reduced by payments in the
it month of September, that there would not be money
enough to pay more than two-thirds of the fourth
instalment to the states. The question, therefore,
'r returned whether the committee should recommend
!- that the government should borrow money, to be
d transferreJ to the states for safe keeping?
Mr. W. said he had not been insensible to the
e inconvenience which must result from withholding
s the fourth instalment. In his own State the matter
.t had been so arranged, that if it was not received from
- the United States, it must be paid out of the Trea-
)f sury of the State. This circumstance made Mr.
W.'s situation very delicate. But he regarded his
y duty as paramount, and he did not think it his duty
r to borrow money by the government, to give over for
- safe-keeping with the States. And as to the pros-
d pective means of the government, it was known
s that a portion of the small amount of money in the
e Treasury was unavailable; and indulgence in time
a was necessary even to make such funds eventually
secure. The committee, in another bill, had stated
- what indulgence they deemed requisite. Again, it
d was important and for the interest of the communi-
s ty, to grant indulgence on revenue bonds now exist-
s ing, and for the future portion of the year; and the
committee had recommended the shortest periods of
o indulgence which they supposed consistent with the
y public good. But if money must be borrowed, the
only question was how much should be the amount.
- Mr. W. was not in favor of borrowing for the
s States. It was not for the payment of a debt, bat
e merely a transfer to be kept safe; and he did not re-
? gard this as a legitimate purpose for borrowing
- areney.
f iThe Senator from Massachusetts, Mr. W. said,
r had remarked, with some asperity and surprise, oB
- the recommendation of the Secretary of the Trea-
a sury for issuing notes not bearing interest. But the
r committee had differed from the Secretary on this
point, and had provided for allowing interest till
e there should be means to redeem the notes. The
r Senator, however, was mistaken in regarding this as
- a new currency under the constitution. The Secre-
- tary was entirely supported in recommending it by
s an act of Congress in 1815, which authorized the
- issuing of Treasury notes. (Mr. W. here read a
, portion of the act, which provided that Treasury
d notes should be issued, as the President should from
y time to time direct, notes for less than $100 being
1 payable to the bearer, without interest; but for $100
s or more, payable to order, bearing interest at the
1 rate of 5 2-8 per cent, or otherwise to the bearer
h without interest. These notes, Mr. W. said, were
y authorized either with or without interest, as a mat-
ter of convenience to the department, which would
issue them as long as practicable without interest,
f and allow interest, when it should become necessary
; to the currency of the notes.


3 The Senator had supposed that the message of
c the President was inconsistent and contradictory, in
1 saying that he refrained from recommending any
mere reference to the currency and exchanges of
- the country, because he thought it was not in the
e power of Congress to act for such purpose; and
i then recommending the passage of a law of bank-
I ruptcy. But the constitution did expressly author-
Size the passage of a general bankrupt law; and
- therefore the President was not inconsistent in re-
* commending this, while he refrained from other fi-
I nancial matters which were not authorized. He was
guilty of no inconsistency.
Mr. Webster said, in reply, if the act of 1815 au<
- thorized the issuing of Treasury notes, no circula-
tion was ever made of such notes as the Secretary
now recommends. All Treasury notes went on the
ground of a temporary loan to the government, to
be p;aid or funded as soon as the Treasury would al-
S The member from New York (Mr. Wright) had
said that the question before the Senate was a simple
proposition, whether chey should borrow money to
be safely kept with the states ? By him, and by o-
thers, it had also been represented as a question,
whether they should borrow money to give away ?
Nobody, Mr. W. thought, would borrow money
merely to give away, or deposit for safe-keeping.-
But he would put it to the honorable member, if any
government had made a contract, or excited an ex-
pectation, that a deposit would be made, and the o-
ther party had acted on the faith of this assurance,-
and had nearly completed their arrangements, whe-
ther it ought not to supply the means, even if it did
not, at the time, possess them? And suppose it
was the promise of a gift, instead of a deposit, might
it not be fund more just to borrow, than to defea
the expectation on which the other party had acted
What was the object of this bill? It was not to re-
peal, but to postpone what was hereafter to be ful-
filled. Such being the case, it was doubtful whether
it could ever be transferred to the states with more
convenience than it could now from the banks.
During the late war there was great war.t of mo-
ney, and a great disposition to use treasury notes,
and pass them as a medium of payment to the public
creditors. But in the difficulties and embarrass-
ments of a foreign war, things were done, which, in
a day of peace and abundance, we should be slow
to do. And one thing which we should be slow to
do was, to propose by law that we should pay the
public creditors any thing less in value than gold'
and silver, on the condition that the creditors wou_...
voluntarily take it. The Secretary had said that
the nrotpated rh*..bl ..i ;vL -:-....i a.- --..


0






knd iron hand it was demanding otits creditors me-
tallic money for every dollar of its dues 1 Was it not
now the law that no officer of the Government should
offer the public creditor any thing less in value than
specie? Mr. W. thought, therefore, that the notes
proposed by the committee were better than those
recommended by the Secretary. He was in favor of
that system which would put the public creditor to
no such selection, as between paper and nothing.
Mr. BOCHANAN said he had often admired the dex-
tarity with which the Senator from Massachusetts
could extricate himself from a difficulty, in which,
however, he was seldom involved. On such occa-
sions he always made a skilful retreat. Feeling the
respect which he [Mr. B ] did for his legal know-
edge, he had received, as a matter of faith, his de-
claration that Treasury notes not bearing interest
had, never been issued under the present constitu
tion; and when he called up the ghost of the an-
cient confederation to act as god-father of these
Treasury notes, Mr. B. remained satisfied that he
had made himself fully acquainted with the laws in
relation to this subject. But scarcely had he taken
his seat, when the act of 1815 laid theghost which
he had conjured up; and, by that it appeared that
Congress had done4he very thing which he had de-
clared had not been done since the days of the con-
federation. Thus much was due to the Secretary of
the Treasury. Mr. B., however, rejoiced that the
committee on finance had proposed the issue of no
notes not bearing interest.
In regard to this bill, a plain statement of facts
would be the most conclusive argument which
could be urged in its favor. He had voted for the
deposit ot June, 1836, and, upon a retrospect of all
which had occurred since its passage, he had found
no cause to repent of this vote. It was a choice of
evils; and between the alternatives present-
ed, he thought lie had made the best choice. On
the one side, after reserving five millions, nearly
forty millions of dollars had accumulated in the de-
posite banks. This vast amount of money was
used by them to increase the dividends of their
stockholders, to expand extravagantly the paper
circulation of the country, and to excite speculation
to the greatest excess. On the other hand, strong
objections existed against making the federal gov-
ernment an instrument for the purpose of collecting
money that it might be deposited with the States.-
The precedent might in many respects be danger-
ous. But the money was on hand. It had been
collected under existing laws. Placed in this situa.
tion, he thought it was more just, more politic, mere
safe, to place it in deposit with the States, that it
might be used for the benefit of the people, than to
suffer it to remain with the banks for the benefit of
their stockholders, and to the injury of the country.
But does the deposit law, from first to last, con-
tain one sentence, nay, does it contain one word
which resembles a gift or a loan to the States 7 Is it
not in terms a bare transfer of deposits from the
banks to the States ? Under its provisions the faith
of all the States is pledged for the safe-keeping and
re-payment of their respective proportions of this
money, whenever they shall be required by the Sec-
retary of the Treasury, for the purpose of defraying
the wants of the Treasury. The mode and manner
n which he shall call for it are expressly prescribed.
Nay, more, the case has actually occurred. If the
Secretary had pursued the line of strict duty under
the law, he would, ere this, have called on the States
for a portion of the three instalments which have al-
ready been paid. He has acted wisely in not ma-
king this demand until the pleasure of Congress
could be known. The States are not now in a con-
dition to return immediately any portion of what
they have already received.
Under these circumstances, the question is, whe-
ther we are bound, upon any principle, to deposie
with them the fourth instalment, when the Secretary
of the Treasury, the very next day, might demand a
return not only of it, but of the three other instal-
ments, in the manner prescribed by the law.
The senator from Massachusetts had not contend-
ed that we were bound by any contract to deposit
this fourth instalmentwith the states. He has said,
however, that if an individual, by his conduct, had
induced a reasonable expectation that he would loan
money to another, orgive money to another, it mighl
become his duty to borrow it, and pay interest for it,
for either of those purposes. Mr. B. denied that the
conduct of Congress was such as to afford any pre-
text for such an expectation. On the face of the act
there was nothing but deposit written. Neither a
loan nor a gift appeared upon it. It was a mere de-
posite, without interest, to be restored when demand-
ed in the manner prescribed, and not a loan for a giv-
en period, much less an absolute gift. If the states,
therefore, had entertained any such expectation, it
was from other circumstances, and not from the so-
lemn contract into which they had entered with the
United States under this law.
Mr. B. knew that several of the states had made
appropriations of this money, which would render il
extremely inconvenient for them to return, at the
present time, any portion of the money which thej
had already received. He did not believe that it
ought to be demanded from them by the Secretary
of the Treasury, without the special direction ol
Congress. Still this opinion was not founded upor
any doubts which he entertained,of their obligation
to refund it.
Congress would not have been involved im its
present difficulties in regard to this subject, but foi
the unfortunate amendment which had been made
to the deposit bill by the House of Representatives,
which was acquiesced in the Senate. Had it nol
been for this amendment, we might now proceed
and suffer the fourth instalment to be deposited
with the states. The Secretary of the 'I'Treasurn
wouldthen have received from them transferabh
certificates of deposit, in such convenient sums at
he might have directed, bearing no interest until it
became necessary for him to use them, but after-
ward bearing an interest of five per cent, and re
deemableatthe pleasure of the states. At this ver)
momentsuch certificates would command a premium
in the market, and would be equal to gold and silver
The Treasury might have been replenished bg
their sale ; and we might suffer the deposit law tc


take its course.
Mr. B. said, however much ingeRuity might at
tempt to disguise this question, the result was that
we must now determine whether we will borrow the
amount of the fourth instalment, either in the form
of Treasury notes, or by a direct loan, and pay in
terest upon it, in order that we may deposit it witt
the states for safe-keeping, and without interest
This was the plain and simple proposition. It was
the result of all the argument. What man, in his
senses, ever contracted a debt in order that he might
deposite the amount ot it with his neighbor for safe
keeping'? And is the federal government to be guilty
of this absurdity? Are we, as the trustees of the
people of the United States, to manage their con-
cerns so unwisely as to involve them in debt, and
collect taxes from them to pay it, for any such pur
pose? However much the states might desire t(
receive this fourth instalment,and whatever attempt!
might be made to excite popular feeling upon th1i
subject, he had full confidence that his constituents
would approve his vote upon this bill.
Mr. B. said that he knew very well that this was
a subject well calculated to enlist the feelings of Se
nators. The instalment might be deposited with
the states against his vote. In that event, he should
bow most cheerfully to the will of the majority. In
deed, there was one consideration which had induce
ed him to endeavor to bring himself to this conclu
sion; and nothing but a conviction of imperious
duty had stood in the way. He knew that thegreat
er amount of Treasury notes which we issued, the
greater would be the relief to the community.-
Whatever amount might be issued would be equal
in this respect, to the creation of so much gold and
silver. They would assist in regulating the exchan
ges, both foreign and domestic. They would go to
Europe in payment of our debt, and thus proven
the transportation of the precious metals. If this
bill should not pass, their amount would be increase
several millions ; and thus additional relief woulh
be afforded to the public. But however muchhe
might desire, and however much he did desire this
result, he could not consent to borrow money on the
faith of the United States, not to carry into effect the
legitimate purposes of the government, but to place
it on deposit with the several states.
In answer to Mr. BUCHANAN-
Mr. WRBSTER having obtained and examined the
act of 1815, said: The honorable member fron
Pennsylvania has been kind enough to say that I d(
net often get into difficulties in debate, and thai
when I do,I generally extricate myself better than ot
the present occasion. He partakes in the supposed
triumph of his friend from NewYork, (Mr.WRIGHT
in having proved me incorrect, when 1 said that this
nTrvernment had never issued such paper money at


the privilege of funding them, and conveftins them
into a stock bearing interest. This interest did not
commence from the date of their issue, but from the
time they were funded. All the time they remain-
ed in circulation, they were treasury notes without
interest. They were what the senator from Mas-
sachusetts had supposed never was issued under the
present constitution. Mr. B. however, agreed with
the senator, that at this time no treasury notes ought
to be issued which did not bear interest.
Mr. CALHOUN said that he was decidedly of the
impression that, under the circumstances of the case,
this postponement ought to be made. The object
of the deposit law was to draw the revenue out of
the grasp of the government, and to restore it to
those to whom it ought to be restored. And now,
when there was no surplus, it was not contrary to
the purpose of that law to withhold it. Bvt the re-
sponsibility of doing so would rest on gentlemen of
the administration, and those of the opposition who
made last year the extravagant appropriations of
$32,000,000, exceeding the estimate of the Secreta-
ryof the Treasury. They were then told of the fol-
ly of raising the revenue, and of raising the dis-
bursements. The result was now that the govern-
ment was bankrupt. Were they never to look a-
head, and see the difficulties that threatened them ?
Another era had now arisen. They had got
through with the surplus, and Mr. C. trusted they
were through with extravagant appropriations. If
they did not economize and retrench, he saw a new
age commencing, perhaps that of Treasury notes,
when the compromise act would be annulled, the
high tariff revived. But Mr. C. would agree that
the fourth deposit should be withheld, since that
law had fulfilled its main purpose, and since a new
series of extravagances was now to arise, unless
they kept a good lookout.
'Y i- -
NE W-YORK AMERICAN.
THURSDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 21, 1 37.
Offce, 74 Cedar street, two doors Jrom Broadway.

On our outside page will be found the discussion
in the Senate, between Messrs. Webster, Wright,
Buchanan, and others, on the bill postponing the
October insta'ment of the Surplus.

IMPORTANT RESULUTIJN.--The following reso-
lution proposed by J. QC. Adams on Monday for
the consideration of the House-but not then en-
tertained, as L-eing out of order-looks to a ques-
tion quite new, but of immense importance, in our
constitutional history.


Mr. Adams proposed to offer to the eonsidera-
tion of the House, the following Resolution:
"Resolved, That the power of anncqing the Peo-
ple of any indepcnJent foreign State to this Union
is a power not delegated by the Constitution of the
United State to their Congress, or to any Dpairt-
ment of their Government, but reserved to the Peo.
plo."
The Speaker decide, d that the motion was, at
this hour', out of order, and that, therefore, it could
not now be either received or read.
It will be perceived that the annexation to this
country, Ps in the case of Louisiana and Florida, of
teriior'es purchased from other nations-but be-
longing to the United States-affords no precedent
f)r, nor justification of, the annexing a foreign peo-
ple claiming to be sovereign and independent.
It was Mr. Jefferson's opinion, and it seems one
cf the few uncontradicted opinions left on record in
his multifarious writings"-that even Louisiana,
though purchased as a territory from France, could
not be brought into the Union as one of the States
without an amendment to the Constitution.
The pecuniary profit howe ver, and political pre-
ponderanice to be secured to the Soith by such an
annexation, led that supple Statesman and the
strict constructionists of the South generally, tO
overlook the violation of the Constitution-and
Louisiana became a portion of the United States.
But if there was reasonable doubt as to the an-
nexing a territory to the Union-there would seem
to be none about annexing a foreign State to these
United States, as one of them, and upon an equal
footing with the rest.
If Texas may be annexed, so may Mexico, so may
Buenos Blyres-or any other country claiming to
have a republican form of Government. Does not
the very statement of such a case shew both the
danger and the unlawfulness of the proposed an-
nexation of' Texas ?
In addition to the barrier to the Constitution
happily interposed in this case, abundant reasons
of State policy might be adduced in opposition to
the aggregation of a foreign'Statesto! this Union.
We advert here, however, to one only-the temp-
tation and excuse which such a step, on our part,
would afford to Great Britain to pc:sscss'-herself of
the island of Cuba. As matters now stand, that
island, of which the commerce is worth more to us
than a!l Texas, is, in the mutual jealousies and
vigilance of Europe, and especially of these United
States, safe from the attempts of any power to
wrest it from Spain; but if we set the example of
rapacity, and, after provoking rebellion in, and the
ultimate independence of, Texas, seek toacquire that
region for ourselves, we are stopped by our own
act from complaint or interposition, if England
should thereupon seek to acquire the more precious
possession of Cubi.
No one, at all conversant with English policy,
and with her sleepless alacrity to profit by any
plausible opening for the aggrandisement of her
colonial possessions, will doubt that, in the contain.
agency referred to, she would occupy Cuba-and
that island commands the mouths of the Mississippi!
Having said enough to arouse attention, we will
not pu-sue tie suhjrci. at present.
A grand salute is to be fired by the Whigs of
this city tomorrow afternoon, in honor of the victo-
ries in Maine, Rhode Iland, Indiana, and other
States.
DOCTRINE OF INSTRUCTION.-A Dilemma.-Mr.
Senator Wright--a stout advocate for the right of
popular instruction-in the course of his speech, (on
Thursday,) urging the postponement of the Octo-
ber payment of the surplus to the States, remarked,
thaL although it would materially incommode his
own State and constituents, he could not do oth-
erwise than support it ;' and said-
He ow,:d a high duty to those constituents, but
he owed, in his estimation, a higher to the nation
and to the Constitution of his country. He might
be mistake, n in this view of the matter, but such
was the deliberate conclusion of his mind, upon the
most mature reflection, and that conclusion must
govern his action."
Then ii. would seem that a Senator of the U. S.
may have higher obligations than those he is un-
derc to his constituents-thtt he has a relation to
the nation and the constitution of his country,"
which must govern his action," whether the de-
liberate conclusion of his mind" be agreeable to his
constituents or otherwise Now suppose his con-
stiluents" should instruct him to act contrary to this
deliberate conclusion," could he properly yield
the higher" to the lesser duty and obey ?-orwoulul
he escape from his" Iligher duty to thle nation and
to the Constitution, of his country," by resigning ?
Something of a dilemma !-INewark Daily Adver-
tiser.l


NEW JICRtLT is the nekt State to iak th e field,
and at the polls to carry on the "re-action," at
which the men in office have -o long sneered, as a
mere bug-beir--but which the far West and the
far Ecist, and central Rhode Island, have shewn to
be omnipotent realities, and which New Jersey-
mindful of her renown-will swell more and more.
The election in New Jersey takes place on the
10 and 1 1th October, and we are glad to say that
the Whigs of the State are up and doing ; they
will not be lulled with sugared promises-they feel
that the eyes of their party and of the nation are
upon them-and that it behooves them to carry on
triumphantly the regeneration which Tennessee,
Kentucky and Indian;a so decisively commenced,
which Rhode Island and Maine have so powerful-
ly aided, and which Ncw Jersey soonest, and New
York, and Pennsylvania, next, will make, we
hope and believe, thorough and effective.
As a specimen of what the Jersey Whigs are
about, we subjoin the recent proc ,edings in Morris
county-a county upon which, in some degree,
turns the fate of the State. With such prepara-
tions and such feelings, they will not fail.
Agreeably to public notice a numerous and re-
spectab!e convention of the Whigs of Morris coun-
ty assembled at the Hotl1 of John Drake, in Mor-
ristown, on Monday, 18th inst., when Stephen
Conger, Esq. was called to the Chair, and Stephen
J. Jackson, appointed Secretary.
On motion, a committee, consisting of five from
each township, was appointed to recommend can-
didates for State and county officers to be support-
ed at the October election. A committee of thr e
was also appointed to draft an Address to the
People of the County.
After due deliberation, the committee to recom-
mend candidates reported the following names,
which were unanimously adopted by the con-
vention, viz:
For Council.
WILLIAM BRITTIN, of Chatham.
For assemblyy :


LE.wis CONDICT, of Morris,
SILAS TUTTLE, of Hanover,
EZEKIEL B. GAINS, of Piquannoe,
ROBERT C. STEVENS, of Washington.
For Sheriff:
BENJAMIN McCouRT, of Chester.
Mr. Walker, from the committee upon an ad-
dress and resolutions, reported the following, which
being read was received with acclamation.
At length, after a night of gloom and tempest,
a f.int ray of light gleams upon our country. We
now can behold, not our corn prostrated, nor our
houses shattered ; that were a minor evil, which a
few months of labor could repair. The prospect
around us bears a more bleak desolation. No
sound of hammer or saw cheers the car-; the me-
chanic sits idle at his bench ; the manufacturer dis-
misses his workmen; the ihrifLy artisan is con-
signed to idleness and want; and that mutual con-
fidence which binds man to man, has ceased to
exist. Credit, the hinge upon which society revolves,
is wrenched from its holding. The law of self-
preservation has superseded our habits of good
taith and high-toned commercial honor ; and the
beautiful order and punctuality, without which no
business can flourish, have been jarred into almost
irretrievable confusion. Such around us are the
wide-spread ruins which years alone can repair.
Let us not shut our eyes upon the dreary view, hut
with hearts of good, and the nerves of bold men,
prepart to meet and remedy these appalling evils.
Why should we attempt to prove this deplorable
state ofaffairs, under wh.ch. all, rich or poor, la-
borer, mechanic, merchant, or iritn.facturer, uni-
versally are suffering ? What we feel, -e must
know to have real existence. Neither shath;we
essay to fathom that volcano of abominations, from
which, desolation, like a burning lava, has scorched
up our property. Yet, a very few years, and its
fiery course may engulf our liberties. We labor
not to prove what every man has witnessed;
neither shall we wrangle upon the causes of our
calamity, with those whom ambition and self-
interest, the office or the bribe, seduce from candor
and sound reason. Rather let us endeavor to as-
certain the future downward steps of our progress,
and anticipate the final catastrophe prepared tor us
by those who exercise power. We all know where
we now are ; and from this point let us trace to its
consummation the eqursa recommended by our
President and our late Legislative Representativ,.s.
Hencef'orth, says the Presidential message, the
Government shall take nothing but specie from the
dear and beloved people. Our taxes, as also the
duties upon all merchandise, and the price of new
lands purchased from the Government by Wstern
settlers, must all be paid in hard coin. Our taxes,
as yet, are not heavy, and we might perhaps raise
cish for these ; but the duties on merchandise are
an enormous amount, which we must rep:y to the
merchant when we buy his goods. He his a fair
right to ask in hard money, as much as he himself
lias been compelled to pay. If we cannot find the
specie, he must in justice to himself make us pay
the premium which he himself has paid. Here is
at once a rise of 8 or 10 per cent. on prices.
The western emigrant has fortunately some op-
tion in his movements. If he cannot find money to
pay at the land office for his new land, at $1 25 per
acre, he can turn to the land speculator, who holds
thousands of acres, and who will obligingly take
his bond and inortg.ige, at the rate of $5 to $10 per
acre. The operation works easily, for the compa-
nies of office-holders have taken up the best lands,
and the specie payment is a good scheme fordriving
the fishes into their net.
But a more serious contingency threatens Morris
county. The lavish expenses of Government,
raised within eight years from twelve to thirty-two
millions annually, has drained off the boasted su-
perfluity of the Treasury. Our finances require,
says Mr. Van Buren, that the fourth instalment of
the surplus revenue due to each State should be
withheld. So be it; but the diminished revenue to
be collected fiom a crippled commerce cannot meet
our current exi.enses. What is to be done for
money ? He dart not pronounce the words"direct
taxation," and the tariff compromise prohibits in-
creased duties upon importation. What then is to be
done ? The three former instalments of the surpl'-is
revenue, already loannd ouw, must be recalled, and
the citizen who borrowed bank notes must be com-
pelled to refund in specie and that at a time when
specie shall have attained the fictitious value arising
Irom an artificial demand. We sicken at the ag-
gravated extortions. In a few months every dollar
must be thus locked up in the vaults of Govern-
ment. When we have paid the first round of
taxes, where are we to find cash to pay the second,
as well as for new lands, antd the restitution of sur-
plus revenue.
Behold, people of Morris, your President,with
the smile of benignity on his face, proffering assist-
ance from lis paternal right hand. Behold h- pro-
mises to unlock the ponderous iron doors, and pour
back the specie to the officers of Government in
salaries, and to his retainers, in contracts, and al-
lowances. The good old times are gone by, when
bribery and corruption shrunk fiom the public eye,
and veiled their dark doings under secresy arind
mystery. The golden coin so often promised, and
so wickedly withheld, is now thrown open to mem-
bers of Congress, as a lure to gain votes, while a
money changer close to the capitol addresses an
advertisement to Senators and Representatives,
offering a premium tfor their specie. The bag of gold


each $30,000. Truly,the Government is well paid
or its love of the people!
It would require a volume to pursue our rulers
through all the winding of the hypocrisy, decep-
ion and fraud into which they hove decoyed a gen-
rous and confiding nation. Upon our credulity
'hey have built a fabricof wealth and power, which
nothing less than a gigantic effort can destroy .
Let them keep their illgotten wealth, but either
heir power, or the democracy of America must
icrish. Tyrants and freemen cannot breathe the
ame air and tread the sune soil.
Of our recent Legislature little can be said ; too
poor in principle, too bArren i.i intellect, to conceive
.ny measure of public utility, they havw been mere-
y the servile registers of orders received from Wash-
ngton. Passing their acts in the contemptuous
ilence which they merit, we except only two for
animadversion. In the midst of universal distress,
hey voted to themselves an increase of one dollar
per day on their wages, and not content with a long
annual session, they meet in a second extra session
o do nothing but pocket several additional thou-
ands of outr money. The people cried aloud for
some substitute for the specie which had disappear-
'd. The ordinary business of life was at a stiand
for one, two and three-dollar not, s for circulation,
ind our own banks of acknowledged ancient re-
spectability were prohibited from supplying the
public necessity. It was obvious the prohibition
should, for a season, be withdrawn, but the orders
of the General Government were to persist. The
result is, that the circulation for ordinary business-
:onsists entirely of foreign notes, of banks which
never existed, or which have been long bankrupt,
or clumsy forgeries. Oar pockets contain'worthless
.rash, nine tenths of which will become a total loss
the moment specie shall again appear, while our
own solid banks are not permitted to move. Such
legislation is too absurd to require comment.
The limits of this address will not admit a wider
scrutiny into the measures of our General and State
Governments, which are identical in motive and
principle, in character and object; the same rapa-
city, the same appetite for money and office, the
s tme contempt for right and reason. The General
Government rides proudly in itsegilded chariot,
while ofr Legislature, its beast of burden, drags it
heavilytheough the mire, content with the humble
fodder which its lordly master shall toss before it.
Citizens of Morris! if ye are slaves, we have said
too much. Ifye are freemen, we have said enough.
We have done our duty; for your country's sake, go
forward and do yours.
Resolved, That we are opposed to having two
kinds of currency-one for the Government, and
another for the people; but if we must have two,
we recommend that the officeholders should be
paid in their own irag money, and leave the gold
and silver for the people.
Resolved, That we are opposed to the present
extravagance of the General Government; and to
the recommendation of the President to increase
the officeholders, and to create a national debt ol
812,000,000.
Resolved, That we disapprove of the conduct ol
the last Legislature, which, during a long, an ex-
travagant session, did nothing for the relief of the
people, except to increase their own pay to $4 per
day; and we do recommend the coming Whig
Legislature to begin t'ie reformation at home, and
repeal this law.

CONGRESS-Tuesday.
The Senate was occupied until its adjournment
with the exception of a short Executive session, by
Mr. Rives, in explanation of his better currency.'
We await the report of his speech.
In the House of Representatives, innumerable pe-
titions and memorials against the annexation o
Texas-were presented.
The resolution of Mr. Adams-referred to in
another place-against the constitutionality of an
nexing a foreign State, was submitted, and, at hi
suggestion, laid on the table.
-A resolution directing a return from the Treasu-
ry DepArt-..nt of the quantities of foreign whea
imported annually within the last twelve year
was adopted.
Mr. Patton offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That tlite President of the Unite'
States be requested tc transmit to Li.ik House-
1st. A copy of all the documents and co'respon
dence in his Department relative to the recaif a
Major General Scott from the command against th
Seminole and Creek Indians.
2d. A copy of the record of the proceedings o
the court of inquiry crevened in Fredericktown,ii
relation to the operaions against the Seminole anm
Creek Indians, together with the decisions thereof
of the late and present Executive.
3d. A copy of the orders to Major General Scot
relative to the conduct of his command, and th
terms he might offer to the enemy.
4th. A copy of the orders to Major Genera
Jesup on assigning to him the same command, an
till other orders and correspondence with Genera
Jesup subsequent thereto, which he may deem no
inju,'ious to the public service to communicate.
The resolution lies one day under the rule.
The Florida War.
Mr. Wise offered the following resolution :
Resolved, That a Select Cammittee be appointce
by ballot to inquire into the causes of the extraor


dinary delays and failures, and the enormous ex
penditurss, which hare attended the prosecution o
the war against the Indians in Florida ; that sait
committee have power to send for persons and pa
pers, and that it have power to sit in the recess
and that it make report to the next session of Con
gress.
Mr. Cambreleng inquired why it was proposed
that the Committee should sit during the recess ?
Mr. Wise said in reply, that the reason must b
obvious. The committee cou!d not even comment
its labors b; fore then ; and there was little use in
raising the committee, if its labors were to be con
fined to the adjournment of the present session o
Congress. It was most extraordinary that two
Major Generals employed in this war had been
successively arraigned and tried by Courts Mar-
tial, while the only successful commander, Genera
Clinch, when called as a witness in the trial, should
have testified that no commanding general or subor
(linateofficer was blame-worthy forthe failure of th
campaigns, but that the blame lay at the door of th
War Department. In reply, the world had seen
labored defence from the late Secretary of War
General Cass; it saw the war still raging; and
was but yesterday, that, in the midst of the gene
ral distresses of the country, with a bankrupt Trea
sury, bankruptt with a surplus of means!) the
Chairman of the Committee of Ways and Mean
had called for more than a million and a half of dol
lars to prosecute this ill-starred contest. Sitting
in that House, as a representative of the People
while he never would hesitate in voting any neces
sary appropriation which was asked for, and woulh
not stop to inquire howv former appropriations had
been expended, or hovw the sum asked for was t(
be applied, he felt it his duty, particularly at such
a time as this, to inquire how the millions already'
given, and given on the mere request of the chair
man of a committee, without even a statement o
the Department to back it, without an estimate,
and without a report, had been spent, or rathe
wasted.
It was now universally admitted, he believed
that in this branch of the public concerns there hat
been mal-administration: that great errors had
been committed. Was it not worth inquiry, hoe
the public money, so lavishly and hastily appro
priated, had been expended? and was it not time
that some steps should he taken to nut an end to a


dCinch had made use of strong expressiotsa ih his wari, but the causes oi the war itiA.f. Mr, W.ad- 1 nil
testimony before the Court Martial; but he was ded that he had been informed by a gentleman who lef
persuaded they arose from a misapprehension of had been in the employ of Government in Florida, rot
the real facts of the case. That brave man had that the celebrated chief Opethleohola, well known Ri
not been fully aware of the position in which Gen.# friend to the white man, and a chief ,Qfgrest inflih- tot
Cass stood. ence among the Creelgs, had been employed by Gen. cee
Mr. Glaseock said that he duly appreciated the Jesup as an ally of the U. S., and to aid in the shp- wi
principles which actuated the gentleman from Vir- pression of the Creek war, on theexpresscondition,, thi
ginia in bringing forward this resolution, but he that if he succeeded he should be permitted to re- be
differed from him as to the mode in which the pro- side on his land, until he could settle the title and set
posed committee should be appointed. He could remove conveniently. Yet, the moment through of
not believe that the adoption of the mode proposed his exertion the Creek war had been brought to an sel
would in the result make any difference; and he end, this very Opothleohola saw himself surrounded
thought that prudence and propriety demanded by the bayonets of Gen. Jesup, and ordered off the at
that the usual course which had uniformly been soil. The indignant chief had produced the written on
pursued in the appointing of committees should in agreement of the American General, and pointing ing
this case be observed. That the war against the to the signature, had demanded of the officer who G
Florida Indians had been a most unfortunate one, was removing him," is not that signature genuine?" mi
the whole country knew ; and, as there existed a Thus was one of our own allies, in direct violation at
grent diversity of opinion as to the causes of the of the plighted faith d our commanding General, in
unhappy failures which had occurred, it was but and of the nation, driven from his land. He wish-
fair and right that a committee of investigation ed all these things fully looked into. er
should be instituted, in order that the country Mr. Underwood inquired whether this stipule-
might be placed in possession of all the difficulties tion of Gen. Jesup had ever received the sanction of th
which had existed, and all the disasters which had his superior, or had ever been submitted for such a b3
taken place, together with the true causes which sanction ? km
led to them. Mr. Wise said he was unable to tell. Hg made
As to the question of who was in fault, he the statement as it had been represented to him. [
should express no opinion; but he must be per- The further debate was here cut off by the expi- th
mitted to say, in reply to what had fallen from the ration'of the hour allotted to the consideration of ec
gentleman from Virginia, (Mr. Wise,) in respect resolutions, and the house passed to the orders of H
to the late Secretary of War, that whenever a the day. th
thorough investigation should take place, the War The rest of the sitting was devoted to a discus- F
Department would have no cause for fear. It had
been Mr. G.'s wish that such a resolution should be sion of the bill from the Senate postponing the al
moved; because he had the firmest conviction that fourth payment of the surplus-Mr. Bell opposing, It
the chntracter of Gen. Cass would remain as it h>d and Mr. Pickens and Mr. McKay sustaining it. O1
hitherto ever done, pure and spotless. From the ex- sl
pressions which had been employed by some officers VISIT OF THE EMPEROR OF RUSSIA TO THE tr
engaged il the Floridacampaigns, aswell asfrom the AMERICAN SHIP OF WAR INDEPENDENCE.--The ti
remarks which had now dropped from the gentleman
from Virginia, Mr. G. was anxious that an investi- following letter is extracted from the Globe :
gation should be gone into: he hoped the resolu. Extract from a letterfrom on board the Independence.
tion would be adopted. Yet he thought it would The Independence arrived at Cronsiadt on the a
be best to suffer the committee to be appointed by 29.h of July, with Mr. Dahas's family and suite s!
the Chair. On either plan there would be a ma- on board. The passengers and crew enjoyed un- n
jority on the committee of one or the other politi- interrupted health on the voyage from the United b
cal party; then, what was more easy, or more States to England, and from Portsmouth to Cron- s
likely to harmonize all minds, than to allow the stadt.
usual mode to prevail ? No difficulty would arise : One serious accident alone occurred. While N
the friends of all the Generals would no doubt be coming up the Baltic, before a brisk breeze, at the t
placed on the committee; and that man must be rate of eight or nine knots, a young seaman by the d
recreant to his friend who, in such circumstances, name of Michael Reed fell from the mizen-topsail s
would not see full justice done to his good name. yard, and striking against a part of the vessel, sank r
The minority, in this case, as in all others, would as soon as he reached the water. The life-buoy i
have it in their power to place all the facts fully was instantly let go, the ship turned at once, with I
before the country. As to the proposal lhat the all her steering sails drawing up into the wind, and s
committee should sit during the recess, he could see stopped, and a barge lowered with eight oarsmen,
no necessity for it whatever. All looked forward but every effort was fruitless, and the lad was lost. a
to a long session after the recess, when, he had no He was generally regretted as a most promising and
doubt, the facts would all be brought out in a report meritorious hand.
that would be fully satisfactory to that House and It is impossible to have witnessed the reception
to the People. The country was looking for this given to our fl.ig, on entering the Russian harbor,
investigation. For himself, he was willing that the without feeling equal gratification and pride. The
blame should fall wherever it might; he was not Emperor, residing during the summer at Peterhoff,
prepared to say where it would fall; but, so far as about nine miles east of Cronstadt, was, as he had
f he was capable of judging, no portion of it wou!d directed, apprised by telegraph of our approach ;
touch the late Secretary of War. and our anchor had hardly a good hold upon his
F Mr. Cushing tendered his acknowledgments to sail before he came in his steamer, attended by the
his friend from Virginia, for bringing forward this Minister of the Marine, Prince Merteikoff, Count
resolution. If there was any thing, in the whole Nesselrode, and other officers, to visit us. His
R course of the Administration, which demanded in- pleasure was to affect the incognito, and to have
r vestigation-any thing to which the People looked, Prince Merteikoff recognized as the principal guest.
, as to a rotten point, a blot, a shame on the national Of course he passed while on board as a subordi-
reputation, it was the conduct of that Florida war. nate individual of his Minister's retinue, and sepa.
d He trusted the gentleman would press this measure rating himself from the ceremonious group, he found
to an issue, and would not cease until the whole his amusement in wandering alone among the sea-
management of that contest should be fully unfold- men, and throughout the vessel, inquiring and con-
ed. Year after year, army after army had been versing with the utmost freedom. Commodore
, marched into the morasses of that peninsula ; and Nicholson, however, aware of the disguise, directed
general after general had been dismissed, he would a salute of forty-one guns to be fired as soon as be
y not say in disgrace, but to the tender mercies of a returned to his steamer, and finding himself thus
court-martial; the blood of our people had been discovered and announced, His Majesty hoisted
wasted, had been squandered, in those arid sands; the American ensign, gave signals to his principal
- and all for what? To force a few Indians from a ship of war in our neighborhood for a return of our
f desert tract of country, utterly useless to any but salute, and finally unfurled at his mast head the
themselves, and in violation of all that was de ir to imperial standard. This last act was instantly
them, and to the perpetual disgrace of our arms, followed by a royal salute from every armed vessel
n and of the national character. More-we had en- (about eight or ten) in the harbor, and from all the
. listed the Indians themselves to destroy each other; adjoining batteries-producing as much uproar, and
we had done that which, in the era of our national as dense a smoke, as could well be endured by three
revolution,had been branded by the indignant voice of the senses. As the centre and pivot of the ope-
of Chatham as the disgrace of the British arms. ration, the occupants of the American frigate expe-
- As if the poor wretches did not perish fast enough rienced unfeigned delight.
t by the usual progress of our oppressive encroach-
ments, we had enlisted them as merciless allies in LATER FROMI EUROPE.
'he destruction and extermination of other tribes. The ship Natchez brings Liverpool dates of the
On whose head the blame was to fall he would not 19th August, and Paris and Havre of the 17th,
say; it might be, as had been hinted by the gentle-
d man from Virginia, on that of the late Secretary of which, however, we were not able to obtain a
Cass. sight.
[Here Mr. Wise interposed, and asked to ex- We learn that the Carlists, after arriving within
f plain. He had been mistaken by both gentlemen ; three leagues of Madrtd, had retreated to Trinidad.
e he'x n"ad cast no imputation on any individual; what ,
he had sa'd was, that the blame lay at the door of Gen. Espartero, of the Queen's army, had arrived
if the War Dmqrtment. It was there that the at Madrid, and confidence was restored.
n Magnaa pars fu" applied. H-Wfif-ed, whi?--ip- ---TheFlae ae Cotton market was fn a lively state,
d to say to the gentleman from Vermont, (Mr. Ever- on account of the favorable accounts from Li.er-
n ett,) that he apprehended he was privy to causes o n
the disasters in Florida which had not been stated pool.
t to this House, though much of what he knew had Most of the elections for Ireland were in, and the
e been obtained from that gentleman himself. The result was a most signal triumph for the Reformers,
late Secretary of War would not be found to have both in England, Scotland and Wales, with a great-
I1 been the author of the mischiefs which had occur- boh n Scotland and aleswh a e-
d red; but he believed it would appear that that offi- er part of Ireland.
il cer had permitted himself to be overruled; that he The result was Reformers 337
tt had suffered himself tobeuscd as an instrument Tories 308
in the hand of others, against his own better judg-
ment; that he had, in a word, ceased to act as an Reformers' majority 29
independent officer of this Government ought to The U. S. Frigate Constellation,'with Gen. Case
act: he had not stood up manfully to resist a course and suite, had left Constantinople for Candia, chief-
d his judgment and conscience condemned. How ly on account of the prevalence of the plague at the
- the examination would turn out, however, he did former lace.


- not profess certainly to know.] ........
- not rofes certain resumed.] HAVRE COTTON MARKET.--The favorable in-
)f Mr. Cushing resumed. The gentleman had telligence fz'om!Liverpool had the effect of produ-
d brought him to the point at which he had been cing briskanc lively demand forcotton, andprices
- about to arrive. He did not believe the blame n"? a blrisk and livelydemand for cotton, and prices
about to arrive. He did not believe the blame had advanced. Week sales-1521 bales Louisiana,
s, would fall exclusively, at all events, on the head of 85.50 137.50 ; 1519 Georgia, 92 ; 191 Virginia,95
I- Gen. Cass. He had read the testimony of Gen. 11985.50 Tenn13750; 1519 Georg88 Bia, 92; 185.Virginia,
Clinch, a brave and gallant officer, surely, if there
Swas one on the earth, and he would ask the gentl:,- [From the St. Joseph Times, of Sept. 9.]
man from Virginia and the House whether, for the On Thursday last, the 31st ult. we were visited
e disasters which had occurred in the commencement by the severest gale felt on this coast by the earliest
e of the war against the Seminoles, (and from which settlers in Florida. In fact many of our oldest inha-
n all the subsequent misfortunes had proceeded,) the bitants pronounce it the most violent storm they
. responsibilitydid not rest on the head of Andrew have ever witnessed. It commenced about day-
)t Jackson ? The truth needed to be spoken out. On lihgt, from the south east, and veered round to east,
o a comparison of the statements of both Cass and north. and north west, and blew with increasing
n Clinch, he was constrained to say that THERE rest- violence till sunset, when it measurably subsided.
- ed the responsibility. That was the point to be A three story building belonging to Capt. Leslie, of
l proved; and it behooved this House, as the popular New York, blew down with a tremendous crash.
d branch of the G verniment, to probe that matter to ISeveral frames and smaller houses were also level-
the very bottom, that history might tell the story led with the earth. The window glasses in many
e in the colors of truih.
e in the colors Grlnd, of Louisiana, hoped the resolution of the houses with a northern exposure were blown
e Mr Garland, of Louisiana hoped the resolution out. The outer edge of the northern side of the
a would be adopted ; and that the investigation would wharf, sustained some trifling damage by the un-
r, be so conducted as to bring out all the facts to open dermining of the Palmetto pens on which it is sup-.
t day: in so doing, they would do no more than was ported, and four of the pens knocked down by some
required of them by their country. He had not floating timbers-injury done amounting to 6 or
- otrmed an opinion on whom the responsibility $800. That part of it built on piles in the deepest
e would be found to rest. He had now, however, water, received no damage whatever. On the whole,
s risen chiefly for the purpose of stating one or two the result has been entirely satisfactory, as it af-
f- acts which he had heard personally while travel- fords an undoubted test of the security of the wharf
g ling in Florida; and he stated them to show the and warehouses against the most destructivegales.
, propriety of an investigation. He had had it ex- Owing to a continued prevalence of easterly
. plicitly stated to him, that in one caseforty cords of winds, the tide during the gale was higher than it
d wood had cost the United States SEVEN THOUSAND was ever before seen. Large quantities of fish
d DOLLARS. Another fact had been openly stated as were blown out of the water on the wharf-the
o a matter well known, that for a single trip of a cer- waves dashed as if the storm spirit was in their
h tain steamboat up the river Apalachicola, her owner midst, and altogether il was one of the wildest and
V had received a sum sufficient to pay the whole cost most terrific scenes (surpassed only by a West
- of the boat. The individual who had made this India hurricane) that we have ever seen. "Facts
,f statement to him was now in this city, or had been are stabbo n things," and we may safely assert
' a day or two ago. From what he had heard he f-rom the little damage sustained here in the gales
r was satisfied that the public money had, in many of 7th and 31st ultimo, that our harbor, if not the
cases, been worse than thrown away. It was cer- best, is at lost surpassed by none in the Gulf of
I, tainly due to the country that there should be an I Mexico, in its facilities of access, its depth of water
d investigation into the matter. and the security to shipping from the most violent
d Mr. Bond said that he also had heard some facts wind the security to shipping from the most violent
r which went to show the same thing. He was in- Arrived, U. S. steamer Lieut. Wizard, Capt. Jen-
. formed that in a certain instance $20,000 had been kins, 3 days from Suwannee. Reports the gale as
e drawn by a private individual professing to be a having been very severe in that quarter. Touched
a caDtain of volunrei rs. who had presented all the na- ... a _.-- ._L. _-i-- ---- -- ....:_- -n .t


MARRIED,
Last evening, by the Rev. Dr. Hawks, Richard
Tight, of Fitzwilliam Square, Dublin, to Caroine,
daughter of Robert Chesebrough, Esq. *
DIED,
On the 20th September, 1837, at Cheapside, in
New Jersey, Richard Varick Dey, in the 37th year
of his age, in consequence of injury sustained by a
fall, which he survived four days, under great suf-
ferings. He was interred the same day at Chat-
ham, N. J.
Last evening, XMary AJnne, infant daughter of Mr.
Floyd Smith, aged two years and one month. The


relatives and friends of the family are respectfully
requested to attend the funeral to-morrow morn-
ing at 9 o'clock, from 679 Greenwich, fourth door
below Christopher street, without further invita-
tion.
At New Orleans, on the 12th Sep. in the 37th
year of his age, W. L. Boonen Graves, son of the
late John Boonen Graves, of this city.


POSTSCRIPT.
Quarter past one o'clock.
BY EXPRESS MAIL.
(From our Correspondent,)


WASHINGTON, Sept. 20.


In the Senate-


A great number of petitions were presented from
Vermont, Connecticut, and New Jersey, against
the admission of Texas into the Union-all of
which were laid on the table.
Mr. Wright reported from the Committee on
Finance, a bill for the remission of certain duties on
goods destroyed by the conflagration which took
place in New York, in 1835. [It is the same one
which was before Congress at its last Session.]
The bill was read a first time and ordered to a sec.
ond reading.
The bill imposing additional duties on public
officers as depositories in certain cases, coming up
for a second reading, Mr. Calhoun moved an ad-
ditional section, which, at the suggestion of Mr.
Wright was modified, so as to provide that, from
and after 1st January, 1838, three-fourths of the
amounts of debts due the Government, including
payments for the public lands, shall be received in
the notes of specie paying banks; from and after
1st January, 1839, one-half; from and after 1st
January, 1840, one-fourth; and from and after Ist
January, 1841, gold and silver coin only shall
be received, and such paper as may be di-
rected to be received by law. Every of-
ficer engaged in making disbursements, who
does not comply with ths terms of the act,
through neglect or otherwise, shall be dismissed the
service, and forfeit ail comper.sation that may be.
due him.
Mr. Niles is now making a long ar:d01 rambling
speech about the Bank of the Urnired States, thai
Deposit Act, and the Treasury Order, and had
not, as yet, said one word in rcference to the bi;
under consideration.
In the House, the Committee of Ways and
Means reported the Senate bills for adjusting the.
remaining claims of Government, on the Dfiposiiq
Binks," and for extendingg the time of duty
bonds," without amendrrnt. Also, the Senaa
bill, "authorizing the issuing of Treasury Notes,"
with a slight amendment, the nature of which did


;


ng A6 drahk slz of sev-h glasses of spirit, aihd
t th6 house about eleven o'clock in company with
ir or five sailors. Shortly after eleven o'clock,
chard Whittaker, who lives at No. 7 Washing-
n street, saw a female, who he thinks was the de-
ased, pass his house with three men, two of them
liking be-side of her, and holding her arm, and
e other walking behind. The men appeared to
intoxicated--were cursing and swearing, and
emingly contending with each other as to which
them should have the woman exclusively to him-
If. These men had the appearance of sailors.
About twelve o'clock, Anne Ladieu, who resides
No. 5 Battery Place, saw a female and some men
i the Battery, and heard some of the party sing-
g in a reignn language, which she supposed to be
ermtn ; and about three o'clock she heard a fe-
ale screaming somewhere about the Battery, and
the same time heard the voices of men speaking
a high tone.
A surgeon who examined the body could discov-
no wounds on it sufficient to cause her death.
No further evidence was laid before the Jury, and
ey returned a verdict that she came to her death
r violence inflicted by some person or persons un-
nown.-[Jour. Com.]
A man named W.m. Jackson, living on Staten
land, opposite Perth Amboy, was picked up on
ie shore at Great Kills, on Monday week, suppos-
i to have been shot by some person unknown.--
[e had several buck shot in his head ;one went
Lrough one cheek and out the opposite side.-
rom appearances it was thought he had been dead
bout a week, He was an intemperate man.-
t is said he has been in the habit of stealing
oysters, and it is probably he was shot by the
wner while in the act, and fell overboard from his
kiff aid drifted ashore. -la was a blacksmith by
arude, and formerly worked in Amboy.-[Mercan-
le Adv.]
[From the Savannah Republican of Sept. 15.1
MELANCHOLY OCCURRENCE.-On Wednesday
frernoon Captain Alexander Taylor, of the British
hip Magistrate, lying at Venus' Point, ccompa-
ied by three gentlemen of this city, and a ,earr in
belonging to the ship, were returning to town in the
hip's boat, when a sudden flaw of wn.1i F.rr'tuck her
-she immediately capszend and p:irtial!y sun'K.-
We are sorry to add that the captain and Mr. Ir.o-
bert Balfour, in attempting to reach rhe shore, e.'re
Irowned: the other two gentlemen succeeded in
swimming to the Marsh, where they remained in
not the most enviable situation, as the ride was n s
ne, for nearly two hours. Fortunately the pilot
boat Marion, Capt. Robbins, discovered thcm, who
sent his skiff to their assistance and brought them
to town. The seaman it appears stuck to the boat,
and was taken off by the sloop Eliza, after remain-
ing on it three hours.
ANOTHER FIRE.-Oa Saturday afternoon, a
little after two o'clock, the Hay Press of Messrs.
Thornes, of New York, situated on the north side
of Diamond street, was discovered to be on fire.
The rapidity with which it burnt rendered it im-
possible to save the building, or a small barn that
stood near it. Strong suspicions existed that the
fire was the work of an incendiary, and a man was
arrested as the perpetrator of the deed. After a
careful examination, the circumstances against him
were so far proved, as to justify his being committ-
ed for trial at the next Court of General Sessions of
the Peace, to be held on the 4th Monday in Sept.
inst.-f[Hudson Gaz.]
GREAT FIRE AT CHILLICOTHE.-An extra from
the office of the Sciota (Ohio) Gazette, states that
on the morning of Friday, the 15th instant, a fire
occurred in Chillicothe, which destroyed all the
buildings in Holler's Row. The principal sufferers
are William Shepherd, cabinet maker, Clark & Se-
ney, chairmakers, J. & G. Wood, merchants, gro-
cery store, L. Bullock, upholsterer, R. Douglas,
and Mr. McGhehe. This was by far the most ex-
tensive fire ever known in Chillicothe.
John Fleming, whose examination on a charge
of firing his own premises, at New Haven, was
concluded on Saturday last, was committed in a
bond of $4000, to take his trial before the Superior
Court in October next.-[Com. Adv.]










NEW-YORK AlIERICAN.'
MONDAY EVENING, EPTEMBR I$, 18 168
Office, 74 Cedarstreet, two doors jrm Broadlway.

THE MAINE ELECTIONS.


"We venture fopredict, that a rout more signal and
overwhelming than ever before overtook Federal Whig-
gery in .Maine, awaits them in the coming contest."-
[Argus of 9th.]
Thus vnuntingly did the JAlbany Argus of 9th
instant-two days only before the election began-
predict future and more signal triumphs for its par-
ty in Maine-and lo!. the fulfilment!
[Prom the Btostn Atlas, Extra.]
!SATUADAL morning. Sept. 16.
A THOUSAND GUNS FOR THE STATE
The steamer New England, which arrived this
-morning from Gardirier, brings us decisive infor-
mation of the result of-the election. All the towns
in the State have been heard from but eight, and
they stand thus:
For Edward Kent, (Whig) 34,008
For Gorham Parks, (Loco Foco) 32,971
: Majority for Kent, 1,037
The eight towns to be heard from gave last year
for Kent 169, Dunlap 446. This year they will be
nearly balanced.
The Legislature.-Four' Whigs are chosen to the
Senate in Lincoln, 3 in Kennebec, 2 in Somerset,
and 2 in Hancock and Washington-11.
Three Loco Focos are elected irr York, 2 in
Waldo, 3 in Cumberland, 3 in Oxford, and I in
Penobscot-l-1.
Odne Senator in Cumberland, 1 in Hancnck and
Washington, and 1 in Penobscot doubtful. In
Cumberland and Penobscot there is believed to be
no choice.
Representatives elected.
The whole number of the House is 185. The
following returns are correct as far as they go:
Whig. Loco Foco.
Yorlk, 9 11
Cumberland, 15 8
Kennebec, 21 1
Lincoln, 15 5
Penobscot, 6 5
Somerset, 10 2
Oxford, 3 7
~ ancock, 2 2
Washington, 5 1
86 42
In Portland last evening no doubt was entertain.
ed that the Whigs would have a majority in the
House of Representatives of from five to twelve.
The Loco Focos have been routed-horse, foot and
dragoons.
:Gratifying, most gratifying, and encouraging
to every 'real republican, is this result, for it
shews that, when the truth can be got be
fore "the people, it will tell. The convening
of "Congress, by a 'hurried Proclamation, which
all -the nation read, was an admission before
the world of distress and of distrust. The tenor of
the Message, which also became speedily known to
the whole nation, as plainly shewed, that so far as
the President's views extended, he felt only for the
distress oftthe Government--that is, of office hold-
ers and his only propositions of relief were for
these sufferers, while the common mass was left to
take care of itself.
The mass is taking care of itself, as the Maine
election, hews, and it willgo on taking care of it-
self in other States,in the same effectual way-that
of depriving those who have all but ruined the coun-
try," of the power-of doiagfuiure: mischief. The
name of- Daniel Webster, too, works like a charm,
and the East will not be unfaithful to it.
On this head the Journal of Commerce makes
these just and well timed remrrki: .: '
To what is this great change attributable?
Partly to the Loco Foco tendency of the A4minis-
tration, as evidenced by the tone of tke government
paper and the President's mesage, and partly to
the prominence which has lately beengivei to the
name of Daniel Webster, as a candidate for the
Presidency. It is well known that a short time
previous to the election, a number of the principal
counties, with great unaimity, expressed their
preJ-eCenceot, tlii-dIsringuifl5O s, aie b, a m a
-a4fiateflr that office. We believe that Mr.
Web-ter has no better fiend in the country than
the fon. Edward Kent, Governor elect of Maine.
,VuaMoiT,.-RetuinS for Governor from 160


towns live
Jeaniaon(W.)
Bradley (V. B.)


17,266
14,510


Jennison's majority thus far, 2,756
And will be considerably increased by the remain
: ing towns, about 65 in number.
Of 30 Seni ors, 18 Whig and 9 Van Buren men
are cohsidered ascertained; 3 not ascertained-
[J our. of Commerce.1
f-rom theJ Albany Argus.
FOURTH Is5TALMEiWr oIr HE UNITED STATES
SuRrz'vs.-A till has. been iwmroduced into the Se-
nate, in accordance with the recommendation of the
President, to withhold the October installment of
'\ + +the United States surplus, which, by the act of
1836, is. required tb be deposited with the several
States. "',The amount to be deposited in the Trea-
S ritry of th6i tate, under the act before referred to,
was ascertained to be $65352,694 28, payable in
four equal' installments, on the first of January,
April, July, and October, 1837. The thiee first
instalments have been deposited in the State Trea-
sury, and the required pledges have been given to
Return the amount to the Treasury of the United
States, whenever required by the Secretary of the
Treasury.. ,
-The Legislatoreof this State, in making arrange-
ments for the investment of the deposit, authorised
mortgages to be taken for the aggregate amount of
the four instalments, and required certificates to be
given by the local officers, for the payment of such
portion of.the.surplts asdwas not in the State Trea-
sury at the time of executing, the mortgages respec-
tively.'
As soOn as it was rendered probable that the con-
dition of the Treasury of the United States would
be such- as to 'require the amount of the October
Sinstalment for the ordinary expenditures of the
government, arrangements were made to pay the
certificates which have been given by the several
county loan officers, from the surplus Erie and
Champlain canal funds. And notice was given by
the Comptroller, on the first of August, that the
certificates given for balances due on mortgages,
'-would be promptly paid eon the first Tuesday of
Ociobeir. .' -
The action of Congress, therefore, in regard to
the October installment, cannot affect unfavorably
: the interests of -the holders of loan office. certificates.
On the contrary, the arrangements to pay one-
fourth of the loans from, .the surplus canal fund,
which need not be called in until 1845, will be much
more favorable to, bortrowers than to receiVe the
money'frem tht United States, and have it called
for in a year or two, to meet the demands upon the
United States Treasury. The canal fund infl also
be benefitted by the arrangement, since the interest
derived from -the amount applied to this object will
be about Il0b.lA0r mar norannkm thn ri.i nhiainArl


SA gathering ca led a N attonal AntrMasopie
IJonvention" hasbeen herd in Washington. they
did nothing but agree to meet again in 1838, and
then nominate their candidates for President and
Vice President of the United States.
MR. CALHOUN, it will be seen, announced on


Saturday his decided adhesion to the sub-Treasur3
scheme recommended by Mr. Van Buren-and hia
purpose on Monday (today) to present a plan for
the relief of the country. We are curious to see it
His colleague, Mr. Preston, it will be perceived
differs with him thus fa, as to the measures before
the Senate, Mr. C. having voted for, and Mr. P
against, the bill postponing the payment of the
October instalment of the surplus. That bill;
nevertheless, passed the Senate on Friday, by a
large vote. Of its fate in the House, there is more
doubt. In the course of Mr. Senator Wight's
speech in support of it, he made these statements
respecting the poverty of the Treasury:
The fourth instalment of the deposits with the
States was to become payable' on the first day ol
October, and amounted to about nine and one-third
millions of dollars.
The state of the Treasury, as developed by the
Report of the Secretary of the Treasury, was, as
he now recollected, and he thought he could not be
materially mistaken, that, at the time when the
statement appended to that report was made up,
about the first day of the present month, (he be.
lived the exact date was the 28th of August,)
there was in the Treasury, subject to draft, avail-
able arind unavailable, but eight millions one hun-
dred and some odd thousand dollars. The report
was printed, and upon the table of every Senator,
and would verify his correctness in this particular.
This amount was exclusive of the sums already
deposited with the States, being some twenty. eight
millions.
To arrive at what would be the condition of the
Treasury on the first of October, the expenses of
the present month, which, from drafts already made
and anticipated, were estimated at about two and
a half millions, must be deducted from the eight
millions one hundred and odd thousands; thus leav-
ing in the Treasury, subject to draft, on the first day
of October, less than six millions, without the trans-
fer of a dollar to the States towards the October in-
stalment. This, too, included all the funds in the
Treasury subject to draft for payments, or trans.
fers to the States, whether available or not, upon
the drafts of the Treasurer ; the funds on deposit
with the States not being taken into the computa-
tion.
If, then, the October instalment was to be trans-
ferred to the States, all the means in the Treasury
of all descriptions, on the day when that instalment
was, by the deposit law, made transferrable, would
not be equal to two-thirds of the amount, and mon-
ey must be borrowed upon the credit of the United
States, to supply the deficiency.
Another and stronger view, however, was pre-
sented to the committee by the head of the Trea-
sury Department. The largest portion of the funds
in the Treasury at present, and which would re-
main there on the first of October, were wholly un-
available upon the drafts of the Treasurer. They
were in the western and southwestern banks,and ex-
perience had already shown that the drafts 'of the
Treasurer upon these banks would not be received
in payment by the public creditors. It wasequally
proved that the States, other than those in which
the banks were located, would not take those drafts
and give their obligations for a repayment of the
amount in money, in pursuance of the provisions of
the deposit law. The transfer to the States, there-
fore, could not be made even to the amount of the
funds in the Treasury subject to draft, by reason
of the character of the funds to be drawn upon ; and,
if to be made, a loan, to a much greater amount
than the deficiency of those fnnds uron paper,
would be rendered indispensable, from the unavail-
able condition of these funds.
Here, by the confession of one of the great sup-
porters of the experiments upon the currency, itis
admitted,"that in six months after the retirement of
him the success of whose humble efforts to im-
prove the currency" was a source of such self-
gratulation-and of the succession of him for whom
" it was glory enough to have served" under such a
chief, and whose patriotism was to be limited to
treading in the footsteps"-the overflowing trea-
sures of the United States are reduced to a sum
wz-4"k by V aal t iB w. s-'r te a T-d
required by law to be made to the States-without
leaving a shilling for the ordinary expenses of Gov-
ernment-and that, even of that comparatively pal-
try sum, the greater proportion was in the "una-
vailable funds" I!
Yet these are the audacious quacks who still in-
voke the confidence of the country in their new
neastrums!


OUTSTANDING APPROPRIATIONS.-In the House
of Representatives on Friday, the following Report
was received from the Secretary of the Treasury-
. by which it appears that a sum exceeding twenty
four millions yet remains unexpended of the ap-
propriations made by the last Congress. Of that
sum, the Secretary computes that not more than
nine millions will be required during the residue of
this year.
TREASURY DEPARTMENT,
14th September, 1837.
Sir: This report is submitted in compliance
with the following resolution, passed en the llth
instant:
"Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury
N be directed, with as little delay aspossible, to com-
municate to this House the amount of the appro-
priations of the past and present years remaining
unexpended; the amount required to fulfil all
existing engagements contracted prior to the first
day of June last, and all existing engagements
contracted since that time; also, the amount of mo.
ney drawn from the Treasury and placed in the
hands of disbursing officers or agents on the first
day of May last and at the present time; and that
he also report what objects of,public expenditure
can with the least injury to the public service be
either wholly dispensed with during the present
year, or bear any material reduction."
The tabular statement annexed shows, as de-
sired, '- the amount of the appropriations of the
past and present years remaining unexpended" to
be $24,075,230 37. (A)
In reply to the inquiry as to the amount of
money drawn from the Treasury, and placed in the
hands of disburing officers, or agents, on the first
day of May last, and at the present time, I would
state,'that at the former period it appears to have
been $5,264,052 95, and at the latter $5,049,540 76.
It may be useful to add that both sums are much
larger than they would otherwise be, in conse.
quence of the unusual amount of deposits by offi-
cers of ihe mint. -
In relation to what objects of public expendi-
ture can, with the least injury to the public service,
be either wholly dispensed with during the present
year, or bear any material reduction," I would ob-
serve, that a minute and critical examination on
this point was instituted in May last by this De-
partment.
The result of it was, that "enough of it could and
would be postponed till next year, to amount to
about $15,000,000.
Consequently, the expenditures during the pre-
-ot or o --


y
S
5
r


e
e
a
/





e

I
Sf
d


e
s
e


all private bills which ha;e passed; many tiiskceti
laneous appropriations, with several other items,
stand independent of any special engagements or
contracts made by any public officer, and cannot,
therefore, enter into this computation.
Respectfully, yours,
LEvI WOODBURY,
Secretary of the Treasury,
Hon. J. K. 'POLK,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
A.
Statement of the amount of appropriations of the
past and present years, remaining unexpended
on the I th September, 1837, inclusive, agreea-
bly to a resolution of the House of Representa-
tives of the Ilth inst., viz:
Balance of appro-
priations on the
31st Dec. 1836, $16,752,283 09
Appropriations made
at the second ses-
sion of the 24th
Congress, exclu-
sive of the Post
Office Department,$28,575,837 10
Specific and indefi-
nite appropriations
made by former
acts of Congress, 2,824,250 10
31,400,087 50

48,152,370 59
Expenditures of the United States
from the 1st January to the llth
September, 1837, 24,077,031 22


Leaves balances of appropriations
1 th September, 1837, 24,075,239 31
T. L. SMITH, Register.
Treasury Department,
Register's Office, Sept. 12,1837.

MORE BILLs.-The Globe of Saturday evening
contains a bill reported to the Senate by Mr
e Wright, to revoke the charters of such banks in th
District of Columbia as shall not resume specie pay
j ments for all their bills under $10 within 60 day
t from the passing of this act, and of all other deno
- minations within six months from the same date
or which, after 30 days fom the passing of this acl
shall pay out the notes of any non-specie-payini
e bank; or which shall hereafter receive or pay ou
* bills under $5.
Also a bill to authorize merchandise to be depe
sited in the public stores, and for other purposes
It authorizes the deposit of any kind of goods it
* the public stores for any term not exceeding. there
years, the importer or his assignee having liberty t
withdraw any portion of them at any time on pay
ing cash duties for such portion. No drawback o
any goods thus withdrawn is to be allowed, unless
the goods are exported as they are withdrawn.
Also a bill imposing additional duties as deposi
stories, in certain oases, on public officers. This |i
the sub-Treasury scheme. It makes the Treasure
of the United States, the Treasurers of the Min
and its branches, all Collectors of the Customs ant
Surveyors acting in that capacity, all Receivers o
public money, and Postmasters, FISCAL AOLNTS
for transacting the business heretofore done for th,
government by the banks.
We hardly think it necessary-to o out
columns with these bills at length, seeing that then
is no probability of their becoming laws.

[From the Alexandria Phenix.]
CALUMNY UPON JUDGE MARSHALL f-It seems
that during the late political canvass in Alabama
Judge Wi. Smith, formerly of South Carolina
since then voted for by the Van Buren party ir
Virginia as Vice President, and offered a seat or
the bench of the Supreme Court, by Gen. Jackson
publicly asserted that the late Chief Justice Mar
shall was the owner of seventeen shares of stock of
the United States Bank, in the year 1819, when he
decided in the case of McCulloch vs. the State of
Maryland, that the charter of that Bank was consti
tutional"-the insinuation being that he o-, there
fore interested in his decision.
This charge is stated to hy'ibeen made by Judge
'Siniif upoh it toauCnrZLuy of a United States Sen
ator now representing the state of Virginia."
The charge having been referred to Benj. Wat-
kins Leigh, Esq. he has examined the whole matter
and has ascertained conclusively that Judge Mar-
shall held no stock in the Bank of the United States
when he decided the case of McCulloch against
Maryland. The facts and documents collected by
Mr. Leigh prove this beyond a doubt. Mr. Leigh
says:-
"I have no idea that Mr. Marshall felt, that the
holding of such an interest in the bank, could have
the least influence upon his judgment on any ques-
tion in which the bank might be concerned. But he
was as remarkable for his circumspection and pro-
found knowledge of mankind, as he was for his
abilities and virtue : he knew there were such men
as Mr. Smith in the world, and he was careful not
to expose his judicial conduct to their suspicion and
censure."
Thus falls to the ground the first and only at-
tempt that we have ever heard of, to impugn the in-
tegrity, uprightness, and honesty of one of the best
and purest men that ever lived. And how must
the vile calumniator feel upon the refutation of his
charge ? Will he "cast another nettle upon the
grave" of Marshall ?
Mr. Leigh's exposure of this base and nefarious
attempt to injure Judge Marshall's memory and
reputation is accompanied by some remarks which
must strike home to the conscience of Judge Smith
-if he has any. He says:
"I have no such personal knowledge of Mr.
Smith as enables me to judge whether the imputa-
tion which he has made upon Mr. Marshall, is to be
attributed to his consciousness of the influence of
pecuniary interests on his own mind, or to that self
tormenting envy which attends superior virtue
while living and sometimes pursues it after death,
seeking relief from the pain which its fame inflicts,
in the wretched pleasure of detraction-or to polit-
ical fanaticism, or to a mere casual indulgence in
slang to effect a present party purpose, in utter dis-
regard of the duties of candor, charity and justice."
It now remains to inquireand find out who is the
"' United States Senator now representing the State
of Virginia," upon whose authority it is said Judge
Smith propagated this calumny? The Senators
from Virginia should both speak.


RESIGNATIONS IN THE ARMY.
John Bliss, Lieut. Col. 6th Infy. Sept. 6.
Jas. S. Williams, 1st Lieut. 6th Infy. Sept. 6.
W. H. De Forest, 2d Lieut. 6th Infy. Sept. 30.
H. H. Lockwood, 2d Lieut. 3d Arty. Sept. 12.
[Army and Navy Chronicle.l
VOLUNTEERS FOR "THI FLORIDA WAR.-The
Lexington Qbserver, commenting upon the call for
volunteers from Tennessee and Kentucky for this


CO1RGi s-i~riday.
Our postscript of Sa urday left the Senate dis-
cussing the bill for pos-poning the payment to the
States of the fourth insalment of the surplus.
The bill finally passed by the following vote:
Yeas--Messrs. Allel, Benton, Black, Brown,
Buchanan, Calhoun, .lay of Alabama, Fulton,
Grundy, Hubbard, Kig of Alabama, King of
Georgia, Linn, McKe n, Morris, Niles, Pierce,
Rives, Roane, Robinsor Ruggles, Sevier, Smith of
Connecticut, Strange, Walker, Wall, Williams, and
Wright--28.
SNays-Messrs. Bayard, Clay of Kentucky,
Clayton, Crittenden, Kent, Knight, Nicholas, Nor-
veil, Preston, Robbins, Smith of Indiana, Southard,
Swift, Tallmadge, Webster, White, and Young
-17.
The bill to authorize the issue of Treasury notes
was then taken up. The blank in the first para-
graph was, on motion of Mr. Wright, filled with
ten, so as to make ten millions the amount to be
issued.
The bill was amended in the 7th section, so as to
prohibit the Secretary df the Treasury from buying
in these notes above par: when, without decision
on the main question, the Senate adjourned.
[From the Globe.]
IN SENATE-Saturday, Sept. 16.
A message was received from the House of Re-
presentatives, stating that it had passed a joint
resolution prohibiting the sale of spirituous liquors
in the Capitol and the public grounds-laid on the
table.


7 Issue of Treasury .Notes.
The Senate then took up the bill authorizing the
Secretary of the Treasury to issue Treasury notes,
when
Mr. Calhoun said, that with regard to one point
9 in the bilb-the payment of interest on the Treasu-
ry notes-which the Senator from Massachusetts
r so much approved, was to his (Mr. QPs) mind just
C as objectionable. Nor was he satisfied with the bill,
- for he really could not make up his mind as to any
one scheme for raising the necessary means, until
it should be perfectly understood as to what was to
'" be done in reference to the great point of separating
; the Government from the banks. It appeared to
t, him that all the measures to be passed upon ought
g toconverge to that point, if there was any intention
to make it, and this among the rest. As the law
-t now stood, the Secretary of the Treasury would be
compelled to receive the notes of all specie-paying
banks; and if there should be a resumption of
specie payments, all the notes of all the banks
would be received. If Congress should adjourn
n without coming to the conclusion of separating the
e Government from the banks, the result of passing
o this and the other measures would be to collect the
money in Sub-Treasury bills and bank notes. If
it was intended to restore the connection with the
n banks, or even if it was not the intention, this bill
s ought to be different from what it was. In fact, in
neither alternative could he well agree with the
- provisions of the bill. Being in this dilemma, he
should feel himself compelled to move an amend-
s ment to it, for the sooner a decision was had on
r that important point the better. To prove whe-
t their it was the design of the Senate to make a
d separation or not, would depend upon the course
adopted here. If a separation was to be made, now
f was the acceptable time. And, if the opportunity
, was not now embraced, perhaps it never would be.
e Under this impression, it was his wish, (for this
was a subject which required some little reflection,)
that the further consideration of the bill should be
r postponed till Monday, by which time he would be
e enabled to prepare his proposition. Upon theereat
point of separation between the banks and the Go-
vernment, his opinion had long been made up. He
firmly believed that the real alternative was a se-
paration, or a Bank of the United States. He had
3 so declared himself in 1834. He had never seen
, any reason to change that opinion. On the con-
trary, the realizing of all the anticipations he had
' then mentioned, had happened. The catastrnp,,e
had come upon the Union, and now -- tthe time
f to act. In his own view of tb..'uboject, this pro-
ject of separation was onexf ne greatest measures
. that ever was or ever could be presented to the
Country. It was. duI to the country, due to our-
selves, due to posterity, that gentlemen on all sides
e should meet this ,iis openly, boldly, directly-
r state-'nAeir plans, andl come out with their views.
iae thought there appeared to be a backwardness
on this subject. Although painful as the task was,
he would himself be prepared to go into the subject
on Monday, and would then ask some questions in
e regard to it. He then moved to postpone the fur-
. their consideration $4bhe bill till Monday.
Mr. Wright said that he was not disposed to
deny to the honorable Senator any opportunity of
presenting his propositions, nor was he at all un-
willing to act upon any proposition consistent with
- the business before the Senate. His (Mr. W.'s)
own opinion, however, was-for it was a matter d*
deep deliberation in the committee-that that pro-
t position ought not certainly to be connected with
this bill. Whatever should be determined, what-
ever should govern the action of Congress on that
subject, the Treasury must have the means to go
on. He knew that the question proposed by the
Senator from South Carolina was one upon which
a great diversity ofo'pinion existed in this body
* and the other; and i( was the purpose of the Com-
mittee on Finance so to disconnect the measures
* that one should not retard the other. He (Mr. W.)
knew that there exited the most pressing necessity
for this bill, because the Treasury found it almost
impossible to meet tLe demands of the public cre-
ditors. He therefore hoped that Congress would
come to a speedy determination as to the measures
* before them. Within very disposition to receive the
propositions of the bienorable Senator, he felt him-
self bound to hope Iat the Senate would not con-
sent to postpone th( bill, or to connect it with any
other measure.
Mr. Calhoun sai4 it was impossible to say how
the Treasury could Oe relieved until he knew what
were the means tq be adopted. If the measure
were now forced up n him, he would be compelled
to vote against it. ]Ie felt a due and proper sensi-
bility for the Treas ry, but at the same time there
was something due io the sympathy of the people,
when the country wps in so much distress. Mr. C.
then asked for the ytas and nays.
Mr. Benton said tbat as one connected as he had
been with the depoate bill, he could not agree to
vote for any post iement of the bill which might
have the effect of Clnecting any other proposition
with it.
Mr. Calhoun sai4 that if it were the intention of
the Senate, or rather of the administration, to re-
store gradually thefconnexion between the Gov-
ernment and the balks, then, in his opinion, instead
of issuing Treasury notes, Congress ought to make
a provisional loan. 'We had ample means, but not
available at onceor they were locked up, and
could not be had.r Instead of issuing Treasury
notes, and creating a new debt, and funding these
notes, you ought to make notes payable on the State
banks, and, as the ineans come in, pay off these
notes. And if it were intended to carry out the
views contained inzthe message, there never could
be a more favorable time than the present. Let


him tell gentlemen rho sustain the administration,
that they must c" e out boldly, fearlessly, and
show their hands a once; though he had not pro-
posed this measure(with that view, but merely to
put the bill in such: shape as would carry out his
proposition; and h therefore hoped he might be in-
dulged in his reasonable request of postponement
until Monday-theTpressing demands on the Trea.
I sury were trifling, Mppared to this great and mo-
mentous subject., i
After two or three words from Mr. Wright in ex-
planation, i


A Liar ov hlit idt he iai at a persons aeh indcthierit Hee drew his heck eot the arttoUnt,
who died in New Orleans from ist July to 1st and was discharged,
September, are published by the ee-th list may Gideon de Angelis, for an assault and battery on
September, are published by the Bee-the list may George Crance, Esq. was sentenced to pay a fine
be seen at this office. The total number is 721-a of $5, and costs.
great mortality for such a population, and when so The Court then adjourned for the term.


many of the usual residents are absent.
COURT FOR THE CORRECTION OF ERRORS
Friday, Sept. 15.
Samuel Wood, vs. James Jackson, ex. dem. E.
C. Genet and others. Mr. S. Stevens closed his ar-
gument in this cause on the part of the defendant.
Mr. S. P. Staples also argued the cause on the part
of the defendant.
Senators absent-Messrs. L. Beardsley, Dickin-
son, Edwards, Lawyer, Seger, Tallmadge, Tracy,
Works and Young.--[Argus.l
[Froml the Savannah Georgian Extra of 11th inst.]
FROM ST. AUGUSTINE.-We are indebted to
Capt. Curry, of the steamboat Cincinnati, for the
St. Augustine Herald, of 6:h inst. from which we
extract the following:
Our Indian .ffairs.-Four negroes belonging to
Maj. B. D. Henot, who were captured by the In-
dians in 1835, made their escape and delivered
themselves up at Fort Peyton, (Moultrie,) on the
morning of the 4th inst. They were delighted to
rejoin the whites, and complain of hard fare
among the Indians; they have been living on no-
thing but county, alligators, and fish, since they
have been with the Indians. They represent the
Indians entirely destitute of corn. -,
They state that there are a number of negroes
now at Maj. Heriot's Plantation engaged in pre-
paring county, under the snperintendance of some
indians.
They communicate important information rela-
tive to the plans and situation of the enemy. The
Indians they say have no idea of emigrating. Pow-
ell and Arpinki are their master spirits.
The buildings at Volusia and Fort Mellon have
been burnt by the Indians. This fact proves how
far their promises are to be relied upon. They
made a promise to Col. Harney previous to the
evacuation of Fort Mellon, that the buildings
should be preserved.
We learn from Fort King that the Indians have
left that vicinity.
Gen. Jesup is at Tampa Bay.
The post at Masquito is to be re-established by
order of Gen. Jesup. Troops have been seni
down for that purpose.
Col. Harney has been ordered to Washington,
for the purpose of gettinglmen to fill up the com-
panies of the 2d regiment of Dragoons.
Brig. Gen. Hernandez left town yesterday for
Musquito.
Capt. Hanson's company and Lt. Whitehurst's
detachment of mounted volunteers marched for
Musquito on the 5th inst.
[From the Charleston Courier, Sept. 12.]
FROM KEY WEST.-By the U. S. Mail schooner
Hope, Captain Southwick, arrived last evening,
from Key West, we received the following letters
from our attentive correspondent at that place.
KEY WEST, Sept. 1.
The barque Cyrus Butler, Captain Morgan,
from New Orleans, bound to Liverpool, with a car-
go of cotton, went ashore on the 1st of August,
about 30 miles North of Cape Florida. The Indi-
ans went on board the barque-they evinced no
hostility to the officers or crew. The Captain left
the barque in his boat, and found the wrecking
schooners United States and Sylph,who immediate-
ly went to the ship, and as she was bilged, could
save but about 200 bales of cotton, crew, passen-
gers and baggage. The cotton is in a damaged
state. There has been several vessels to the wreck
since, but could save nothing.
The schr. Lady Washington has .iu, artived
with the U. S. Mail from Ne vtyk, 17 days.-
The L. W. experienced ygrx heavy weather-loss
of boats, part 3r deck Toad, and other damage.-
The T.- 'V sailed for St. Marks same day."
KEY WEST, Sept. 1.
"The schooner James Webb, Capt. Benners,
has just arrived, having picked up Mr. Bizell and
part of the crew of the schooner Sarah Ann, N.
Patch, master, from your port, bound to Mobile,
with -an assorted cargo. Capt. Benners, after taking
off the persons from the raft, proceeded to the
wreck, and succeeded in saving the lives of the un-
fortunate women and children, and part of the crew
remaining on the deck.
The schooner struck on the Samboraro Reef
on Tuesday morning, the 29th of August, and
was not relieved until Thursday night, the 31st,
during which time they suffered every thing but
death, having nothing to subsist on but a small
quantity of rice saturated with salt water.
The passengers and crew have been kindlyand
hospitably received at this Key, having been fur-
nished with medical aid, clothing, and all things to
make them comfortable. The schooner and cargo
will be a total loss."

BURDEN'S BoAT.-Inquiries having been made
from time to time concerning this boat, we are glad
to lay before our readers the information contained
in the annexed letter from Mr. Burden himself, ad-
dressed to the Troy Whig:
To the Editors of the Troy Whig :
Having observed in some ot the newspapers an
expectation that the steamboat now building on my
plan was intended for great speed, I deem it my du-
ty thus publicly to correct the same.
The objects I had in view in building the present
boat are, first, to endeavor to appropriate to some
useful purpose the engine and boilers saved from the
wreck of my former boat, and at the same time to
test the plan of construction.
The boat is now nearly completed, and thus far


answers my most sanguine expectations; so much
so that, although originally intended to carry freight
and tow vessels, we now think she will (to those
whose business does not require them to arrive at
a very early hour in the morning) make a commo-
dious, safe night boat for passengers, and are fitting
her up accordingly. She is 260 feet long, 22 feei
wide, and although built expressly with a view to
great strength, her sides and bottom being six inch-
es thick of solid timber, draws only (an average of)
27 inches with wood and water on board, thus not
exceeding 30 inches with 400 passengers.
The cylinder is only 36 inches in diameter, 10
feet stroke, low pressure, but every part of the en.-
gine being made new, and of size and strength to
suit a cylinder of twice the contents, therefore all
that is necessary to add double capacity to the en-
gine, is merely a new cylinder.
In this experiment 1 have obtained two import-
ant points, small draft of water without the danger
of rolling passengers overboard, and should it be the
desire of the public, to make the passage in shorter
time THAN HAS EVER YET BEEN DONE ON THE HUD-
SON RIVER they will please manifest the same by
patronizing the boat during the short period of the
present season, and I will engage to have a boat in
readiness at the opening of next spring combining
all that is desirable in speed and accommodations.
I need not add that the extent to which this im-
provement can be carried, having spent a large
amount of money already, wifl depend on the pa-
tronage of the travelling public; at the same lime
I do not expect patronage where there is no merit.
We shall therefore endeavor to make it the interest
of all to give even the first experiment boat the pre-
ference-and with a view to that subject have se-
lected Capt. G. Seymour as commander, with whom
the public are acquainted. H. BURDEN.
Troy, Sept. 15, 1837.

[From the Courier and Enquirer.]
GENERAL SESSIONS-SATURDAY.
SENTENCES.--Levi Strong. convicted of general


ITEMlIS.
A site has been purchased in Boston for a nev
Custom House. The lot is 75 feet by 140, witl
projections for porticoes, 10 by 75 feet, and wa
purchased of Long wharf and Central wharf Corpo
rations for $180,000. It will be surrounded by fou
wide streets, viz: State street, India street, and!
new streets, to be completed to the acceptance o
the Mayor and Aldermen, on or before October 1
1839.
LEGAL OPINIONS ON THE PRESBYTERIAN CONTROL
VERSY.- The New-York Observer of this morning
contains the written opinions, at. much length, o
Messrs. Chancellor Kent, Geo. Wood, and Samue
M. Hopkins, who have been retained by the minor
ity of the last General Assembly. These opinion
concur in the position that the resolutions exscindinj
the four synods, &e. are irregular, illegal, null ant
void, ahd that the exscinded bodies are componen
parts of the Presbyterian Church in the Unite(
States of America.
BALLOON ASCENSION--Mr. Lauriat will maki
an ascension from Hoboken to-morrow afternoon a
4 o'clock.
THE FIDELITY OF A DOG.-A Canadian burglar
named Lawrence Reynolds, late ont 26 Moore street
entered the house of Davis Mills, No. 101 Green,
which street, burglariously on Friday night, stole f
trunk containing $141, and was carrying it of
through the alley way, when the house dog sprung
furiously upon him, and to avoid being torn t(
pieces, he was compelled to drop the trunk and re.
treat into the house and shut the door, where hi
was found and arrested by Mr. Mills, sent to th<
watch house, and probably to prison.--[Gazette.]
Captain Stoddard, of the Ville de Lyon, fron
Havre, gives the following report:-On the lOtl
ult, at 4 P. M. we set sail from Havre, with ligh
winds from the ENE, and fine weather. At 10 P
M. Barflour Light bearing SSW, distant about 1L
miles, experienced a heavy squall from WSW
with rain; whilst in the act of taking in sail, thi
ship was struck by lightning, the fluid descending
by the main top-sail sheets, passed through a bol
into the passage way leading to the cabin, thenci
ran along the bell wires into the Steward's pantry
melting those connected with the larboard static
rooms, and passing below through the ship's side
and escaped into the water, starting several of th(
trunnels, and ripping the copper. Two men, Johr
Anderson, of Boston, and Christian Autrucht, o;
Copenhagen, who were engaged in making taught
the main top-sail sheets, were instantly killed, ank
two others were injured. Within a minute after
another shock, still more severe, struck the ship in
the same manner as the first, and escaped nearly in
the same direction. A passenger, who was in the
Steward's pantry, examining the effects of the firsi
shock, was slightly injured in the hand by the se-
cond. Immediately sounded the pumps, and ex.
amined the vessel in every part. At 12 P. M. the
squall passed over Puit into Plymouth to replace
the men annd repair the ship, wlhichh heing done, we
aai started on the evening of the 15tl., in com-
pany with frig Waltham, for Providence. Augucl
18th, lat. 43 44, Ion. 9 20, passed the upper deck ol
a vessel of about two hundred tons burthen, appar.
ently but a short time in the water. On the 8th
inst. lat. 41 39, Ion. 63 30, spoke schr. Gen. War.
ren, of Hudson, 13 days from the Banks of New-
foundland bound to Boston.
CORONER'S OFFICE-MELANCHOLY DEATH.-
An inquest was held on Saturday on the body ol
Edward J. Kearnes, aged 22, umbrella maker. He
went round to Hoffmire's bakery, in Duane street,
to transact some business, and while waiting there
commenced skylarking with a young lad aged
about 17, named Boyce, an apprentice of Mr. H's.
They wrestled for a moment, and Royce threw
him, he falling across the chine of an empty flour
barrel, standing near. He immediately fell upon
the floor, and after breathing once or twice, expir-
ed. Verdict, accidental death.
Another inquest was held m the body of Mr.
Leader Dane, aged 47, who kept a store at No. 76
Maiden Lane, residing at No. 88 Pearl street, and
who died there during Friday night. The deceas-
ed retired to rest in his usual health, and in the
morning when the servant went to call him, no an-
swer could be obtained. One of the young gentle-
men residing in the house then entered through the
window, and Mr. Dane was found dead in his bed.
Verdict accordingly.
SMALL Pox ON BOARD THE CONSTITUTION.-The
Constitution frigate, Commodore Elliott, while on
her way from Palermo in the Levant, took on board
three distressed American seamrren, who were disco-
vered, when twenty days out, to be affected with
the small pox. The cases were quite mild, and
from the precautions of vaccination of the crew,
including the family of Gen. Cass, the disease has
not spread. The sick were removed from the ship
to the Hospital when the frigate reached Malta.
ATTEMPTED ROBBERY.-On Friday night a
colored fellow named Robert Williams, was found
in one of the rooms of Mr. Asa H. Chapman, in
Washington street, very deliberately rifling the
pockets of the differentboarders, from which he had
already collected $45, when his industry was in-
terrupted and the fellow sent to the watch-house,


from whence he was on Saturday committed for
trial.--[Jour. of Com.]
FIRE.-The steamboat Paul Jones, which had
just commenced her regular trips between Wash-
ington and Georgetown, was partially destroyed by
fire on Tuesday night about 1 o'clock, at the wharf
in Alexandria.
The Camden and Amboy Railroad Company
will furnish employment for about one hundred
more laborers on the work between Bordentown
and Trenton ; the pay is 75 cents per day for the
first month, and 87 1.2 cents after the expiration of
that time.-[Times.]
The Commissary's store at Fort Howard, Green
Bay, was destroyed by fire on the 22d ult. From
15,000 to $20 000 worth of goods belonging to the
United States was destroyed.
Mr. Grant, the Riding Master, will attempt his
feat of riding two hundred and eighty-eight miles in
iwenty-four successive hours, this afternoon, at the
Hunting Park Course, beginning at four o'clock.
Much excitement exists among gentlemen about
the affair.-[Nat. Gaz.]
I From the .New Orleans Bee of Sept. 9.]
FIRE.-Last night about eight o'clock,,a fire
broke out at the corner of Barrick street, and front.
ing Old Levee, in the three story brick buildings
belonging to the Ursuline Nuns, which destroyed
the tenement in which it originated, and greatly in-
jured the adjoining one.
The arrival of strangers among us, we are sorry
to say, within a few days past has been very great.
The following are the last arrivals:
By the Caroline, from Havre, 161
Eliza, from New York, 86
Steamboat Alton, from St. Louis, 9
Bayou Sara, 19


MimIc Woatk.-On ,thursday about hai pan
nine o'clock the United states corvette John Adamsi
which has undergone a thorough repair, was launch-
ed at the Navy Yard, Brooklyn, and by five
o'clock of that afternoon, her masts, bowsprit,
booms, yards, &c. were shipped and aloft, and the
vessel completely rigged and all a tanto, with her
ballast on board-a despatch worthy of all praise.
-[Gazette. I
FEMALE IERONAUT.-A new candidate for aero.
nautic fame presented herself yesterday, in the
person of a lady named Warren, and most suc-
cessfully did she establish her claim. The adver-
tisement announced that Mr. Z, MitcheUllwould
make a balloon ascension from Fairmount yester-
day afternoon, but as we learn from persons who
were on the ground, when the hour arrived, Mrs.
W. presented herself, and expressed her wish to
ascend in his stead. Mr. M. we are told, at first
refused his assent, but the spectators having very
generally seconded the lady's wishes, she at length
took her station in the car, and the balloon was cut
loose. It rose but a very short distance, having
evidently too much ballast. By the lady's discre-
tion a number of sand bags were promptly remov-
ed, and Mrs. W. again commented her flight to the
upper air, the balloon rising steadily and beautiful-
ly until it had gained a very great elevation. A
current of wind wafted it nearly due west over the
city, and during its progress ihe lady apparently
perfectly self-possessed, waved h.r flag, and was
seen occasionally to throw out ballast in order to
gain a still greater elevation. A counter current
subsequently wafted the balloon back in a south-
easterly direction, and when last seen, near sun-
set, it was in a position north east of the city, and
still at a great height. Where the wronaut de-
scended we have yet to learn.-[Balt. Amer.]
Mrs. Warren landed in Kent Connty, about tiwo
miles from Chesapeake Bay. She rose to theheigLt
of two miles.
The Wheeling Times of Tuesday says that the
Ohio River was then in good navigable condition.
There was a shade of improvement visible in bu-
siness, particularly in forwarding. Freights to
Louisville reduced to 40 cents; to Cincinnati, 3
cents; to Baltimore, $1 25. Flour of the new crop
best brands, $5 50; Wheat, 75 cents per bushel
Ten wooden tenements attached to the Iron
Foundry of Messrs. Sweeny, at Wheeling, were
destroyed by fire on Saturday night last. The
fire was caused by very careless conduct in endea-
voring to burn mosquitoes with powder. A train
was laid upon the floor in a sleeping room, the
door shut shut, and fire applied. The door
was kept for some time, that the mosquitoes
might suffer, and when opened, a blaze filled the
rdbm.
THE TGERa.-We learn from the editor, who is
rusticating for a few days in the Old Colony, that
the Berry street Rangers will not be called out to
attack the Tiger of Sandwich woods. From the
most authentic information it appears that the ani-
mal which has destroyed the sheep in Sandwich
woods, in company with the wotf, has been slain
in Tiverton, Rhode Island. -Captain Seabury, of
Tiverton, a good shot, was attracted to a Wood last
week by the barking of his dogs, who had treed an
extraordinary animal, which he took for a panther.
He brought the animal to the ground withi.the first
fire, and gave him another charge.buttbefore be was
despatched he nearly destroyed the dogs. Itprov-
ed to be an African Tiger, which must have escaped
from some vessel or menagerie. It is conjectured
that this tiger and wolf may have. been passen-
gers on board the Royal Tar when-she was burnt,
and have found their way to Cape Cod. This
stretches the story a little too far; but it isnot im-
possible. Since the feat of Mr. Seabury, 'iotraces
have been found of the animal that continued to
kill sheep in Sandwich woods, and whose tracks
were seen after the death of the wolf. The wolf
wr s shot by a man named; Brailey~ a teamster.-
The animal met him in the road, turned outto pass
hi'n in the bushes, and he shot him dead az iie first
fire. It was a good summer's work-"9100 reward,
$20 for the animal, which is stuffed and :ay be
seen at Gen. Smith's Hotel in Sandwi*chand $15
State bounty.-[-Boston Advocate.] j
JUsTICE.--The driver-of the old line of stages
to Pittsburgh, was yesterday tried,.m- d fi, d one
hundred dollars for driving in contact with, and up-
setting a stage in the Pioneer line on Moeday last,
in Hudson. Public safety requires that drivers as
well as proprietors, should be held responsible for
such recklessness.-[Clevaland eraeld.V/ "*'
[From the Troy Whig of Sstwdaj evening.l
TRIAL FOR MvRDKR.-The trial o Diana Van
Alter for the murder by poison of Jemioa: Hitch-
cock, took place yesterday before the [yer and
Terminer, Judge Cowen presiding. The defence
was conducted by H. P. Hunt and H. Z. Hayner,
Esquires, assigned by the Court, and te prosecu-
tion by J. Koon, Esq. District Attoarnedy. After a
patient investigation of the evidence and hearing
arguments of counsel, the ease was conmiitted to,
the Jury at a late hour last evening; but having
been unable to agree upon a verdict, they were
discharged by the Court. The prisoner hasin con-
sequence been recommitted to the jail for a second
trial at the Oyerand Terminer to be held in this
city in March next. Under this state of the case,
it would be obviously improper to spread before the
public a report of the trial detailing the evidence
either for or against the prisoner.


A State University is about to be'established in
Michigan, with twenty-two professorships.
COUNTERFEIT DoLLARs.--The S Louis Bulle.
tin of the 7th cautions the public against an emi.-
sion.of counterfeit Mexican Dollars. They are of
the date of 1836, and on the emblematicide, after
1836 are the letters J. S. D. 20 G.H. Thegenuine
dollar has F. S., instead of J. S. There is a per-
ceivable difference between the wrsathsor branches
under the claws of the Eagle, upon the opposite
side of the dollar. On the genuine dollar they are-
raised considerably, but on the counterfeit they are-
sunk.
AN ACT OF NOBLE: DARitN.--We "have been,
informed of an heroic deed performed by' Mt. Fred..
Clark, formerly of this town, which is worthy of
record. In a late passage ofthe steamboat o Lake:
Erie, in which he is mate a' ,polofb womian fell
overboard. Mr. Clurk took a boat, and with mudac
diffitcuky succeeded in reaching he place whee she
was, but she had sunk not to rise again. fe, with
a courage which but few possess, ptowe ito the
water, grasped the body, brought it up, qind su..
needed in getting it in the boat. After aituch ex-
ertion the poor woman was restored to life. Mr.
Clark spoiled an excellent watched had a itnis pock-
et, but the passengers of the steamltbot Ide up a
purse and presented him with an elegant gold
watch, to repair his loss, 'and as a testimony of their
admiral tion of the noble acL.- [Northamin6h Cour.


MARRIED,
On Tuesday evening laMt, at jnion Place, Flush-
ing. L. I. by the Rev, Wnm. L. Johnson, Abraham
S. Elder, of Jamaica ,L. I. to Elizabeth .dauuh-
ter of John K.MLen, sEa .

DICD,
On Sunday, 17th instant, in the 37t ayr 6of her
age, Adelaide Joanna, wife of/ B. B. feiAd, and
daughter of John L6w,; sq$ arid on tt hftmne day,
.thcir son, John Low. aged sie month' and twenty-
eight days. The relations and friends of the family
are respectfully invited to attend the fuqerhl, from.
their late residence. No. 192 Blieeck.ir Lr rt_ th