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New-York American, for the country
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073186/00010
 Material Information
Title: New-York American, for the country
Portion of title: New York American, for the country
Alternate title: New York American
Physical Description: 25 v. : ill. ; 53-70 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Printed for the proprietor, by J.M. Elliott
Place of Publication: New York N.Y
Creation Date: January 27, 1837
Publication Date: 1821-1845
Frequency: semiweekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- New York (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- New York County (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- New York -- New York
Coordinates: 40.716667 x -74 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the New York Public Library.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 2, no. 159 (Sept. 15, 1821)-v. 26, no. 851 (Feb. 17, 1845).
General Note: Published on Tuesday and Friday, <1825-1840>; Wednesday and Saturday, <1841>.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09313417
lccn - sn 83030019
System ID: UF00073186:00010
 Related Items
Related Items: New-York American (New York, N.Y. : 1821)
Related Items: New-York American (New York, N.Y. : 1832)
Preceded by: American, for the country
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly courier and New-York enquirer

Full Text





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FOR THE .. C", TRY.


~aLImUzn 10U TK~ POPItIIYTOIt.


At "Q4rat t, bptwep Broadway and NasUa St.,
..VZWg TUES.DATY AND FRIDAY.
THaWP inB ranc IX paid ettlhe6f O e,
or Atrie o60p1-76460,f pits tn b toC 1 the
+~~0 "d II teyeat'.-- _i vedore vi .I I b
Sa paper Io-neoinued with
ouar -/^pf. ..;
BMW-TORK 4AEMBkECAIk s ai o pubibhod
i4 utka mfokfficu, qt ff per 0annu. Alio,
thf.sae I week, to0 ooua ry subserea only, U $&
pyah bltonmwf adyawn ce. _
*" inlttiwr Vt iL above papers
:4 wiW9l_P!Q4dttheest&UedCITI prtces.

W,.L E Xf AW ,CI-ANi. -
.a^Qep*lv -^V3B1NIe ANULRt BS, liSfT.
*4|1U? (JadwrttrEtA lea deer from. roadway.~ '
',@ AUT "- .."
7-^Usi&wWo v i Comsam 1s.-T|re are now
.00MI&inof:'- the periOd during whic Qongress can-
-~aiiinjty-fawdays. 0--tOf ese, *te being Sun-
-dA& it : qs d4ays ,Of these 29daysoi\e half
tefi by standing rules, te other than
bjes ge ^gjlation"authus, Mnday it)'
w ki6 petitmio4day, ad from what has beeni,
lrldyEk ittla d iaelikly to be left oI e hat-
aS rft-*tot matter Friday and Satwurdaq ar
-**aP for private bills, aod these always are id
p"StWnbmber thaican be disposed of. Three
days eae ,aRll that are, left for general o"
_Juli v*-nam Qx how rouch
SlrtI perifected during.the ffty 4,ys. th.lt have
-o.pm sid _& Ooagies oromened -its session?--
Scarcely any thing.
.A&mong, tbhchf uaihjects yet to be disposed ofr
SR-TlI w dission oft Micliga n-the appiopria-
t l casinig for sortis thirty millions, under an
|diti tbyi rode into power on the pleas of
e wBo,.i of reform1Ug 4.e extravagance of
JiMe a dmimstrauion, whose expenditures f1e
,kxr short of the 4reent-the1and billpossibly
e q~stnofl f the Indepnendence of Texas-the
currency, so'far as the mode qf payin-g f-r public
lands is eoeerqed-thefi reductPnfof the revenue, at
Proposed by theC tnaltet of.Ways and Means--
the report .ofIthe cormiattee concerning R.M.
Whitney's conniedtio with the deposit banks-
"aid it.teothe jiiimtteefor exanitnirig ihto alleged
abiujn-tlza.ejutive Depearients.t
te0 at he-a moment the. .ouse is wasting iis
hoida ily ab&t the wWteag* ofmembers, and whe-
0thme.t:as O^ .t and mOtst rigorously exact line of
out.ie ebargdria receiving pay for travelling to
and fom Waftbinhton. Among the incidents con-
'p4('d wi4 t Swta 6ion6n Friday, was a propo-
.i^on fi' it~in~ng into ihe-expediencyof removing
tUwoaof dawemmvj to some place oanthe Ohio,
(IMutiwippi.
*Thi nos,'we pesaftm,' serious now, but may
. ,cATe4.eajqlooked upof possibly as a shadow
ofthingstob ..0
.rarlbe atove viewof thebusiness of Congres,
It"= *aybededdced we apprehend, without fear of
ntke, hat -much-will be left undone, and among
t, thiga. thus paused over, and as we begin some-
" ftroomt r elieve--intended-fromthe beginning
4b bpermed over by-the mater and -his friends-
.iU ecta iy be the Toi f ftfil e reduction of the iee.v-
wM.- A. for the bill relinquisi-ng to the merchants
Sof 1deetiq, hemdutoieson goodspnisuoed by the
ithe expected legislation respecting Pilots, and
pahl^ rI.yprloj~o and .beneiial s,-there can,
we apftb"nd, be no hooi for them.
Thereis no nial today frm beyond Washington,
wm ^ W s~ Iit tarf^p *aura which as
we leari hrwgh the Exipress 6f te Gourert & j,,-
quiret 4Ik d .empliahlthe reute, prevailed also
at.Ws gton. -
We take outr report of- Saturday's proceedings
frowlhe Courier..
"otiqkss--riday.--n the Senafe various bills
cobsideftd the preceding day in Committee of the
Wl.oi, were read a third time and passed.
Amongtthem, the bill to authorize the relinquish-
ment of the 16th sections, for the use of schools,
and the entry of other lands in lieu thereof, in quar-
ter asetiwnsand in any part of the respective States,
Wae pas,.d by the following vote; the yeas and
ihys having been ordered on the call of Mr. Ew-
ing, ot Ohio:
Yea- Messrs. Benton, Black, Buchanan, Cuth-
beriDai~a, Ewing, of Illinois, Fulton, Grundy,
Hovidri&, -Hubbmrd, King, orf Alabama, Linn,
Moore, Morris, Nicolas, Niles, Rives, Robinson,
vier,,.Tallmadge, Tipton, Walker, White,
Wright--24.
Nays-Messrs. Brown, Calhoun, Clay, Clayton,
Ewing, of Ohio, Kent, Knight, Prenmiss, Preston,
Robbinse Ragges, Strange, Swift-13.
I.Mrk. winmoved to take up the bill designating
atnd tidTn^i tire' funds receivable by the- Uni.ted
States; which motion, aftera~brief discussion, was


4deddedin the negative.
.* -The PubiUc Lands.
POnmotion of Mr. Walker, the previous Orders
wero postponed, and the Senate proceeded to the
farther consideration ,of the bill prohibiting the sales
of the public lands, except to actual settlers, and in
limited qamnities.. The question being on a motion
- of M. Cay to reconsider Mr. Morris's amendment,
reuirig thtat land which had been ten yearsin the
' rket should W 1 sold a 76 cents;'less than ten,
and more than five years, at $1; and all other lands
atSdl3pesraie. -
.., Th motion to reconsider was carried in the affir-
. ative: Ayes 19, Oes 14.
Mr. Moris, on the suggestion of Mr. Benton,
added to his amendment the proviso, that no person
ahold nter more than a quarter section at a re-
ducd price. .
-.The question was then taken on the amendment
of Mr. Morris, and decided as follows:
V Y.a .-f-Mears. Benton, Bitek, Clayton, Ewing,
-afilliooisi Fulton, Grundy, Hendricks, King, of
AlabamaJ Ln, Moore, Morris, Nicholas, Rives,
Robinon. Sevier, Tipton, Wlkef, White.-18.
Nays. --Kessrs, Brown, Bachanan, Calhoun,
*'Iay, ,(Irittenden, Dana, Ewing, of Ohioj Hub-
Owds Kent, 'l Page,PrenLiss,- Preston, Rob-
bina, ;Sirange, Swift, Tallmadge, Tomlinson,
Wright.-1-. .


and also that the resolution offered by Mr. Benton,
and referred to the committee on Public Lands, be
referred to the committee on Finance.
Mr. Benton thought this a singular movement af-
ter the committee on Public Lands had rep ,rted a
bill, three or four days before. It appeared to him
to be a joke which he did not understand. He ho-
ped the subject would not be taken from the Public
Lands and sent to a committee of which he was a
member.
On motion of Mr. Walker, the resolution of Mr.
SBenton was read. It requires the committee to
send for persons and papers, and examine witnesses
by commission or otherwise.
Mr. Walker then said that to have acted on this
resolution would have prevented any legislation on
the subject of the public lands. He had voted
With the greatest reluctance for the reference of the *
resolution to the Committee on the Public Lands,
and he hoped they would now bedischarged from it.
SMr. Benton complained of the lapse of time since
the resolution was adopted. It was adopted on the
11th, and this was the 21st. Time had not gone
backwards. He thought it strange that the com-
mit:ee should desire to send this to a committee of
which he was a member. How would this tell in
. the newspapers?
SMr. King of Ala. said, had he been present he
would have opposed this resolution. He was not
desirous to press the sending of this to the Comm.t-
tee on Finance, but was willing that the committee


- tlallwing rswotu on, offered yesterday by Mr.
-Wnfdorw .41, -. 1 $,&,-,r
Resolved, that the Sergeant-at-Armsabe direct-
j ed LO lay before this House a statement showing the
mileage claimed for sums paid therefore to members
f d ith1ii1ouse and delegates from, the Territorie'0
;e (ecttvely, during the la# and present session of
0 o 0iw; and also asirpilar statement in nationn
, toS.eatormin Congress.
', The pendigques tion was, on the 'motion sUb-
SmitteL y-serday y Mr. Boon, to lay ihe hole
* sn-b~aet~on The: t~abl9. -
SThe yeas and nays were taken, and were-yeas
40, nays 126. So the motion to lay on the table
was rejected, _
* The question recurred on the motion, submitted
yesterday-, to strike out all that portion of the reso-
uI gx which rel.td to the mileage of members of
the Sg.ria.'whiicia zdaooh.wfa. reject~ed-ayes 58,.
noes not counted ':
- -The question then recurred on the adoptionmf
ike resolution. -' -
- Mr. Adains suggested to the mover of the resotw-
..pn (Mr.'Underwood) the propriety of strikwg
,04t the Word- "Semreant-at-Armas," and inserting-
*jhe word "Speaker," or Cierk," of tlIH-use_--
.e tHoight that; fora document ol this description,
'deSergeant-at Arrnb was 'not :the proper person
i act, and most especially on that portion oflhe
*rsolution which required astatemennt from the Sen-
^ (e. ;.
-- Mr. Underwood acceded .to the suggestion, and
'I-odifid'his resolution so as toread "Clerk of the
?)o ise."' .. .
SThe Speaker said he had just been informed t-ath
the book containing the statement of mileage, &*.,
Secretary of1the Treabury. It would beW rquisite,
"therefore, that a call should be made tn that officer -
lor the same. .
Mr. Claiborne, of Mississippi moved the follow-
ing amendlrnm-nt
And belt further Resolved, That a select corn,
mittee of five be appointed, with power to send for
persons and papers, td inquire and: report to this
Rouse what deduction, if any, has been made by
members of the House of Representatives, at the
preceding .or' present session, from their per diem
compensation, when absent in attendance. on the
Supreme Court of the United States, or the courts
in adjacent States or elsewhere, on their own pri-
vate business.
To which amendment Mr. Yell offered the fbl-
lowing amendment: .
S"And that said committee be instructed to in-
quire into the expediency of providing by law for
reducing the compensation allowed to members of
Congress to six dollars per diem ; and also into the
expediency of providing by law for the removal of
the Seat of Government of the United States to
some point on the Ohio or Mississippi river, on or
before the first day ofjanuary, 1840."
'The subject was debated, when, the-hour having-
elapsed, the Chair announced the private Orders of
the Day.
After spending some time on private Bills, the
House adjourned. o p
"[From the Courier 4-. Etnquirer.]
It is necessary -to a full understanding of the
first part of the proceedings in the Senate given be-
low,that we should- say, that the J.ational Intel-
ligencer of Saturday contains a memorial from Mr.
Lloyd, addressed to the Senate, preceded by a letter
from hihm to the editors; in which that gentleman
says he is induced to publish the memorial, in con-
sequence of the refusal of the Hon.. -Mr. Morris
topresent it to the Senate. "I
-IN SuErATE--Saturlay, Jan. 21.
I t was one o'clock to-day before the session com-
menced.
Mr. Mortris made a statement concerning an iu-
putation mtde.against him by Mr. Lloyd, in the
columns of the National Intelligencer, for refusing
to present the memorial which tLat gentleman had
committed to him, concerning the arrest of said
Lloyd on-Monday evening. Mr. Morris read-the
statement of Mr, Lloyd, and then explained.that
be bad received the memorial after the business of.
the day had commenced, 'and the pVtititn.2w.r4
presented. He was requested to send-anaswer to
Lloyd in the Sergeant's room. He endoisedon the
btcek ckf the note that he would converse with the
w;tp it the a.uk'eet. .e ugMaif ave pre--
sented the memorial or not, he e1uld not sayi. -He
held himself bqund to present all memorials on sub-
* jects likely or proper to be acted on. He still held
the opinion he expressed on the evening of the ar-
rest.
Mr. Clay presented the memorial of the citizens
of Wertburgh, praying that Papists may not be ad.
mitted to naturalization, unless they renounce the
Roman creed, and praying for a committee to ex-
amine the vaults of nunneries, Catholic churches,
and report once in six months.
Mr. Clay stated that Congress had no power to
act on parts of the petition, but as there was power
to act on the naturalization laws, he moved the re-
ference to the Committee on the Judiciary.
Mr. Benton, in reference to the memorial referred
to by the Senator from Ohio, said if that memorial
had been presented, he would not have thrown any
obstacle in the way of the parliamentary course.-
He intended to move that the memorial be referred
to the Committee on the Judiciary, with insiruc-
tions to send for persons, and that the expenses be
paid out of the contingent fund ofthe Senate.
Mr. Waoker moved that the committee on Public
Lands be discharged from the consideration of the
joint resolution to rescind the Treasury order, &c.
and that it be referred to the committee on Finance,


pT, i ... ;.r brary at the public expense... -, peace. There was not, in the council I held with
Th Hou. adjour U. S. aV the Indians, any thing-said about the terms of peace
[Fr6m the .alb nmy J rgus. The house went intoeomniAe of the whole, on -hey made no proposition to me whatever-they
L r Jan.. .^ T railroad company to convey i U. S. Mail. what I have stated in my testimony. They were
S-.A' '7-Friday,'" Mr. Hackley moved to amn so as not to cornm- told by -me that they should be sent for to council,
Mr.Loomis offered the following resolution:, IPelthe company, until a do-le track shall have but in the mean time they must abstain from war,
iResolved, Thatthe committee of the Whole been completed throughout t line, to convey the and promise to attend a council whenever sent for.
discharged from the further^^ consideration ofthe- mail oftener in one day than o regular passenger They engaged to do all that freely, and with appa-
petition praying for the passage of a law abhoriz- cars were despathed.l rent alacrity. .
ing general systemof b'nkingwithin this State; Adopted. Thebill asanrnded, ordered tobe During the- time the troops remained at Fort
and~~as thatthee-aidpetiiondbe'rferrdetot aFelec
aommittathe sad cpetiton T e reeatorromacselet engrossed for a third reading. l')rane, say from the lthteo 26th of March, as. I
committee, to consist of one Senator from each e- -. understood, there was no sign of hostility on the
nate district,with instructions to report-a bill for MILITAY "qRT. part of the Indians. They had abundant opportu.
that purpose L T -
tha purpose,. n'tes to-annoy the troops at that post, which werv
Mr. L. said he offered this resolution for the pur- CorTespondence of the t more Patrit. scar Sttered over an extent of country of several mies
pose of bringing the subject embraced init before, F amR i d,Jan, 14, 1837. n-f t meter. Before .- left there, and as I heard
the Senate in an acceptable form, and ohe in which Present-Major Oem 'A." comb, .esident;- Wfferward, the officers and men were passing at
it could be met. He had already avowed himself Brig. Gen. Atkinson, 3g. radAocate easure between the several corps oftheaaemy
in favor of a general banking system ; and he -be- -apt. S. Coper, Judge.Avh to. thus dispersed, and pmvisions-were also sent with-
v"^ ^ h1"^ ^ thus dis'persd n ioisoswr lo etvt b
lived one could be devised which would remedy On the r-assembling of t 'Cotrt, Majot Gen ,ut beinS urbed. General Gaines and his staff,
the evils of the existing system, promote the inter- era. Gaines-observed-thpit he had a few more ques- a party on ir, during that period travelled from
ests of the community, at the same time that it dtions to propose toxhae witn (Cat. t-itthcock.) Fort ane to Tallahassee, through- a country
would carryout oneof the great objects which The Court are well awa r'IPaS I did not seek this which haikbeen before: alndwas afterward in pos-
o t 't govern legislation-the securityy of the infeatigation--itaforced me, and now-that se;sson o the InJians, without being. molest dand
r. .. -..-. ... .......- ..-..-.- om be'o'e ttienla~mdete a"r mate such a without h uaieion f dager. I have atwa ,ii re-
Mr, nston suggested an amendment, which exposition of the ggevance which my char- garded thisas an evidence, that thought I-
he said would connect the idea of security with the acter has been groaningfora year pastas will for- dianwere informed ofthe exposed Aconditionof the
proposition to allow private banking. He proposed ever set at re ta e vituparative and slandering- several core around Fort Deaps, yeto o thenas
tnadd the words with such provisions as shall, if tongues of my enemies. he oy treasure I have the could hoe to e sent for to meet nounc
....~~~~~ ~~~~ .. .-,., p {ongef .my aeme. l-r.u" "theircould hope to W esent.forto .meet in- oounick,
practicable, secure the public against frauds andim- to leave my children, is a repuntatoa earned by ma. they abst ied fm annoyinthee troo in corn
positions.' The resolutoiiin this form, he thought, ny years of hard ex -rience inifiu erviee of my-Pliance'wiki hdr engagetnentupon theQoitia-
was the preferable mode of obtaining an expression country, and as I shall remain but a short time Ion- ^oochee. Indeed I know of nothing which has oc'-
of opinion on the question of the admissibility of ger in the army, I wish thateame to be transmitted ctir-ed to shake my: confidence in the sincerity of
private banking. to them untarnished. the Indians at that interview.
The amendment was assented to by Mr. Loomis. By General Gaines.-What reason was there What- reason had Gen.Gaines for suspending
Mr.L. Beardsley hoped that the resolution might for expecting General Scott at Camp Izard ? -his operations against the igdians on and after the
pass, and that it would have the effect to disen- Answer.-The expectation was founded upon 6th of March 1836 ? -I
cumberthe bill for the repeal of the restraining law information derived from General Clinch- at Fort Answer-The fact that the enemy had raised
of the proposition relative to private banking. King. a white fla and asked for peace-had been told he
Mr. Ed wards said that having had the honor t.o By General Gaines.-Did General Gaines ex- conditions, and had promised to abide by them ; by
present the petition referred to in the resolution, it press any other reasons for his expecting General which they were to have a council wit a view to
was proper for him to say that he had no objection Scott to arrive at Camp Izard with force and sup- sett le the terms of that peace.
to the course proposed to be taken with regard to plies? By the Court-Were the Indians in council in-
it. Answer.-The confidence of Gen. Gaines that formed that a large body of troops were coming
Mr. Young said it was a matter of indifference in Gen. Scott would come to Camp Izard nn the Ouith- against them ?7
what manner the Senate met the question-whether lacoochee wac without reservation. He appeared Answer-I stated in the body of my testimony,
on this resolution, or on the amendment now pend- to have an undoubtmg bhliefof Gen. S'ott's being that I told the Indians that Gen. Gaines was but
ing in committee of the whole, in the shape in at Fort Drane, and often spoke of his duty to come one of several chiefs sent by the President of the
which, according to his views of legislation, ii down under the circumstarmnces, in the most positive United States, to enfo ce a pace up)n them. I
g y term. Htsla uape oathe up )twasthem.tro
rightly came. terms His language on the subject was very strong, was not myself informed, and of course could not
Mr. Sterlin was in favor of the resolution, be towit, that he must come down." "Hewill beDIS- communicate to the Indians, the time at which these
cause it would bring the subject up in the shape in GRACED if he does not comedown.' He willother- forces would arrive; that information was conveyed
which he had thought from the beginning it ought wise commit suicide upo n his military reputation;" by the reports- of the signal guns, which were di-
to have assumed. or language of a very similar import. reed to be fired by the several divisions of Gen.
Mr. Edwards said senators must meet this ques- By Gen. Gaines.-The witness is requested to Scott's army while approaching the Ouithlacoo-
tion, and it might as well be met promptly. He describe tbe hammock on the Ouithlacuochee, near chee. The Indians occupied a central position.,
differed totally from the senator-from the 5th,. (Mr to Camp Izard, and state at what time said position and were much more likely to hear these guns Uthan.
Sterling) in the opinion that the present was the was fortified? the army divisions themselves. The Indians are
best possible system. Ansver.-The hammocks bordering the river ve- perhaps the best scouts or spies in the world, and
After some further remarks from Messrs. Young, ry nearly united in front of the camp. From this t would have been next to impossible for a large
Paigeand Mack, point, above and below, they gained very rapidly in force to approach their strong hold in that stage of
Mr. Loomis assented to the motion to lay the re- width and were extremelydense especially to the the war without their knowledge.
solution on the table. cast or above the camp, where the hammock ex- By Gen. Gaines-Was it, or:wasit not, after
Mr. Dickinson offered the following resolut-on, tendsconsiderably back from the river, but at a dis- the Indians had sued for peace, that they were in-
which lays on the table on his. motion: tance of several hundred yards from the camp. A formed that the large body of troops were coming
Resolved, Thatthe committee on banks and in- shgh t breastworkwas madearound thecamp-on the against them?
surance companies be instructed to inquire into the afternoon of the 28th of February, according to Answer-It was after they had' sued for peace.
expediency of passing a general banking law, giv- custom. : By the Court-While you were in the camp,
ing the right te issue bills of$20 and upwards, tun- By Gen. Gaires.-How many Indians does the was any order given for a sortie'? and pleas, state
der the following provisions: witness suppose could be secreted in those ham- what officers were-appointed to execute iit. ..
1. Their capital not to exceed $-, and shall be mocks, between 200 and 600 yards from the camp, Answer.-The troops at Camp Izard were dis-
actually paid in. ,without being seen from it ? posed in, the form of a square; one wing of each
2. Their issues snall at no time exceed once and Answer--An indefinite number, as the hammocks face was ordered to be held in readiness for a sor
' a half the amount of their capital, were very dense, and I believe they might ha-v- tie, and the other wing was required to extend.-
3. They shall at no time have debts due to them contaifed perhaps three times the whb strengthof Col. Foster would have been one of the officers on
to the amount of over twice their capital. ithe nation. w the right, and, I believe thatGen. Smith would have
4. They shall contribute to a common fund, for General Gaines explained the reasons for his commanded a sortie on the left. The order was
the benefit and security of the bill-holder, and shall adopting the position hedid, which he said was in given on the 29th of February, and communicated
be subject to visitation. consequence of its being the most favorable place for by myself to CoL Twiggs, who commanded the
5. They shall jointly and severally be person- crossing, and less swampy than farther back from brigade. A previous order upon the subject had, I
ally responsible for the payment of their debts, the river. believe, been communicatd byV some other officer.
6. They shall have and keep on hand anaverage By the Court.-Do you know any thing of the It is my opinion, that had the attack been renewed
amount of specie of --. reasons which induced Gen. Gaines to go to Florida, in character like that of the29&h of February, a sor-
Mr. Young moved that the resolution offered after receiving the letter ofdthe Adjutant General at tie would have been made; but.aftb r thatno serious
by Mr. Loomis be committed to a committee of the Pensacola on the 6th of that month ? attack was m ide while we were on the Ouithlacoo-
whole, and after some conversation, varied his mo- Answer.-One of the first remarks in the inter- chee. There were small parties from time to time,
tion so as to refer it to the -same committee of the view I had with General Gaines after rece ving that whn ndpAvn-Md tonannvy us. and.this'reumistaneA


and at the proper time he would "visit it with the-
full measure of his severity," with as littleallusion
to the deceased, (Col. Lane) as *as practicable,
said Gen, Scott. "I have no wish tW disturb
the ashes of the dead-my business is with the
living!1)"
Mr. Blair's letter to the Judge Advocate was
read, in which he excuaeeshimself from attendance
upon the Court in consequence of his duties as an
officer of the House of Representatives. Says he
will answer Gen, Scott's questions if reduced to
writing, and refets thie court t6 the Globe. G, n.
Scott here made some remarks about hi. not having
had an agency in any publication for'a year past
excepting his letters to Capt. Robinson, of Georgia,
and the Editor of the Richmond Enquirer. He
said his object in obtaining Biair's testimony Was
to show that. General Jesup had sent to the Globe
office part, only, of the correspondence between
him and General Scott, with his own notr and
comments upon them,-suppressing the letter of
Gen. Scottof the 16th of June.
Capt. Van Buren was then sworn and interroga-
ted by Gen. Scott in reference to the Seminole cam-
paign. .
Question-What does witness recollect of the
arrival of the first train of wagons at Picolata from
Fort Drane after General Scott's arrival at that
place?
Answer.-The first arrival of wagons fromyn Fort


ti5ii' 4. ... II -L ~i~ i ~ .,,. -1,, P'~


I


I I I~ I ICI_ I_ I


Mr. Linn stated that a mian with half a million
of capital might monopolize the Scale of Uhlnoi,
Akian entering 160 acres had .ihe command of 100o
.iaeres-a.mn minnght easily monopolize the whole 0a
the public lands aint of the Western States. .
The question .was3 en taken and decidedin `e
affirmative-yeas 27, nays 11.
Mr. Ewing then submitted his project and-moved
to- amend the Bill by inserting it after the second
section. The project prohibi led any one from pur-
chasing more than -- number of acres, the pur-
chaser to live on the land two out of three years,'on
pain of forfeiture of land and purchase money/and
making other provisions, by Way of securing the in-
teresta of the settlers.
Some amendments were offered by Mr. Walker,
of minor importance, and were agreed to without
discussion, and one or-two others were laid on the
table-and ordered to- be printed.I
SThe bill as amended, was ordered to be printed,
and the further consideration of the bill was post. -
poned unzil Monday, and it was made the special'
order for that day..
Various private bills were ordered to a.third read-
ing..
The Senate adjourned.
Housi eOF REPRESEKTATIVZS.
,N'ew York Fire Bill.
Mr. Ely Moore asked the House, by general
consent, at this time, to go into Committee of the
Whole on the state of Ite Union, for the purpose
of taking up the bill No, 427, being a bill to explaii
and amend the act for the relief of sufferers by the
fire in the ciLy of New York.
Objections havi .g been made, Mr. M. moved a
suspensionn ofthe rule.
[nseXp15Ynrtory-bifti pvontha, -thattro1Thctor
of the port of New York be authorized and direct-
ed to, exterind, the pi ovisions of the first section of
the Act for the relief ofsufferers by the fire in the
city of New York," approved 1gth March, 1836, to
all those who were intended to be provided for in
the firstsection of the said Act, whether the bonds
were paid or not, or whether the monies were pic-
ed or not to the credit of the Treasury of the U.
States.]
Mr.M. explained, that it was not his inmention
to occupy the time of the House in discussion.-
The bill merely provided for the correction of an er-
ror; and would only take up a few minutes. It
was the first time he had asked a similarfavor ofthe
House, and he hoped it would not be denied.
The House refused to suspend the rule.
Thlie Committee of the Wholeon the state Of the
Union, wvas d ischarged from the further considera-
tion of' the Bill to 'amend an act entitled "an Act
to establish Branches of the Mint of the U. S. pas-
sed March, 1835-and the Bill was ordered to be
engrossed for a third reading on Monday.
Mr. Bell renewed thie notice of his motion for
leave to bring in a bill to secure the freedom of
elections.
The House went into the regulation of Bills of a


ri-ate oF interest, or taken :-udue'aidg stage of the
pecuniary pressure alleged to ha*te existed--and
whether the funds of the said baaWk or any of
.hem, have been used in places otiW than where
die said banks are situated, by tber Iemui or-o-h-
=rs, in -the diiescounting or p'-cl*a*fepapqr, or-in
other speculitionr "Ad the said tit tte are
further authorized to inquire an 14pot.-f w
any of the moneyed eorporatio this Stute,
their officers or agentsU have siati (.e period lfore#
said, done or transacted '.yI! :V 'ot
authorised by their charter' o hn, thei-tnme-n-
I tenat'and m aining thereof, :or4ht commttt.d or,
permitted any aboses ot imprope prtiir whet
ever: And the said commAitteeat.fRther- aitho.r-i
ised-tp ifnquite whether the shatvsin the capital"
.stok of the banks -incorporated atie .ast .eeion
of the Legislature have been disorli.ed in a legal
and equitable manner accrdin *,Ae-- spirit and
intent of the provisions of the sq*ral acts ineOr-;
porating the same-t--AAnd power *-is betthy:confer-;
. :ed upon the slid committee -t aend for perwong
and papers, and to examine witesses under oath
in the city of Albany .or elsewketil as they may
deem experdieni, in person, or t.pon -written inter-
rogatories, first submitting su<.h written interroga.
stories to this house. And the said a o maititee. are-
hereby instructed to report t"h"e evidence adducd
before th(in, with their opinion. ithereon, ajid. the
measures, if any, that ought to b adopted by tho
Legislature in relation to said ibanksl money edcor?
prations or any of them ard that they also rei
-port whether, in their opinion, Iny and whati'e..
isla tivhre, remedy is necessary tw' the more salutary
regulation of the said banks, a 1for tihe protection
of the community.
Bills re.id a third time ahd pised :
For the more effectual ptunsheaotof crime*.-
[Makes the keeping of a ga ouse a -misde-
meanor, punishable by iipriss.B*mand a finenOt.
exceed ng $500.] -
SThe bill aurhorising the Utie'and Schenectady
railroad company to convey -t U. 8. ,mail, care.
to its third reading; but on mothan of Mr.HacRley,
was committed with a view to iend.'n ,
Bills introduced on notice '
By'Mr.'Smead, for- 4he-moeuixtensive distribu-
tion 0f the laws among the people. [Direct the
publication of the session laws of general char-
acter in two newspapers in each county (where
there are two,) and of local laws in newspapers of
the county to which they are #aplicable.] I
Mr. Cotton moved to reconsider the vote of
yesterday, rejecting the resaltiiln directing the
clerk to procure for eaeh'l-elubera copy of the
new edition -n the Revised ftatutes, now in the
course of publication by the esrs.sGould, and
to pay for the same out of tae-contiaient'fund of
the House. -
Mr. Burroughs moved to ay the resolution on-
the table. Lost 33 to 33.
The resolution after farther isunsion was adopt-
Sed-77 to -39. A cheap mode.this of forming a li-


"with a body of' Indiansn more or loss numerous, be-
,ing 'o the-same tide-of hio river with them-pur
Ssued-themseveral mnUee, but did notLtake or sU'du.
theMa.' The more .recent operations against Lhob,
'Indians mayserv6e to throw much light upon thl-
subject, as in no instance does it appear that tht
pursuit of them has been sucessful.
SBy *. 40Coujrt-L. yoq baiee tbt i& dianm
were sincere in proposilg a truce ?
Aa0woer--I ,btive they were per&lW4y sincere.
I will iaraikjin -reference to that question thai
there Was nothing .ie mahnnaer or matter of the
interview which I bhad with the Indians on the
Ouithlatooehpe, tojyie me the n_.es suspicion
of their sincerity. There seemed to' b a ec uliai
sadness over them,a -.if thoughtful of the inisfor-
tunesof their tibe, indicating that farther hostilities
on their part.was hopeless. I thought them sincere
and all who were present entirely concurred with
me, and I am the more inclined to continue in that;
belief from SeveraL considerations.
SAlthough wars among Indian tribes are some-
timesof very long duration, it is seldom that active
warlike movements-among them continue for any
length of time. With tribes at war there may be
years of cessation of hostilities, wh. n a war party,
s it is called, isgot up with considerable form lity,
with a feagt and a war d.Lnce. The p.irty will the,
make what they call-a-trike at the enemy-return
from the expedition, and if successful, colebrntd
their success with a scalp dance. But this kind oi
warcannot be carried on against the whites, as in
a war wiVth them the Indians are compelled to cm *
body themselves, -which makes it difficult far tht:mn
to obtain -supplies'of ammuniiion, provisions and
clothing. In Florida the enemy had been so etn.
bodied for a*ekgthf time. They had seine spe-
cial cause. forthie war which had at this time, in
part, been removed, especially by the conduct o01
Asstla (or Powell) near to Fortt King; and the
language used by him in council-" L am satified"
-referred to the removal of one those causes.
I have heard f other similar instances. The ni-
dians had been -successful in destroying Major
D ide and his command, and theyhad kill -d mftny
more than they had lost. Gen. Gaines having
taken a position in their neighborhood which they
had found it impossible to move, .they must hav-
seen that they could not in futue procure from
above a supply of -provisions consisting of caule,
which they had before drawn from thence. The
opinion among them that this position was likely
to be perrhmanent,'was calculated to break diwnr
their spirit. I have always believed, also, that the
Indians were informed of the movement of Getn.
Clinch from Fort Drane, on-the 5Sh of March, and
they therefore saw additional reasons to suppose
that they could not maintain themselves i -the
country under the circumstances, and in taking
council on the evening of the 5th, they concluded-to
make overtures ,of peace. I have never doubted
that they would have acceptedfermns,such as would
have been worthy of this great nation to dictatetu
them, had there been authority there-tn c.nncludI a


ramipa B y on the 6iUk of April, andi the ,i.miy u,
G'6i`n.Soult respectuvly arrvedou the 3d, 4h aria
8 h of April at thitt place: he also states tih j
,en. Gaines had recommended himnto comply.wib..
he order ol'Gen. &ou.proviosiB would be -rt,
q ,ired at th.,t posl,
Gen. Scott aroae' atd referred to the atwumons.
which had btn V%6-e J Aauuno-
Capt. Mrrison, the ausistat eonuaima, y at &e.
Jreans and his answer thereto. Hedeemed the-
evidence oo Capt. Morriqon on thissubject very as-
-entiaq, and he hoped still fo availuimself of It, but
ifthe court thought proper to drder the eisiuro'
MajorClark on record he had no objeeion. Thei
rourt said that as it came in regular course and
irom tie War Ddparmnieot they would direct it to
be filed.
A letter of Gen. Scott dated at Cehinmbus, Ge&,
addressed to the Secretary of WVar. In speaking
of the (then) contemplated summer campaign 01,
Gen. Cafl, Gtn. S. says he wishes him the most ,
hearty success, but fears that-sicknebu and disease,
together with the absence of the proper supplies
will prevent' him operating with effi.ct. The Se-
minoles are not formidable in number; I do not be-.
lieve the whole force an the 'nation, including In-'
diansand negroes, exceeds 1200, and I do not
hinil that more than 500 have been embodied at
many one time. He says that the strength of
the nation lies in the extent and frightful character
of their country which abounds with hammock*
and swamps that are pre-occupied by the enemy
from wheiice they operate much to our disadvan.
tage. Not Wnayne, or any other of the greatest In-
dians fighters that ever lived in our- country could
undertake to say that he would conquer those Indi-
ans in a single season.
TheGineial says that every soldierwhogoes
into Flo. ida should be entitled to at least I160O acres
of land ('not Florida lands for that would be a
fraud f') an4d ench officer to at least three months,
pay in advance, gratuitous; as there is but little
honor or glory to be gained by sacrificing health,
comfort, &c. in a wilden.-,ss like that dtof Florida. -
Two letters from the Secritary of War toAGene-
ral Scott, in reference to the Seminole War were
read ; and one from Captain Harding to Governor
Clay, in reference toihe Arms, &c. in the -Arsenal
SIt Mount "Vernon,-(Ala.) stating that theie wete
10,000 fist rate muskets and Iffpieces of ordnance-
compiete, which, said Ge.n-'ral Scott, "will show"
how tihe 0'iabnaa Wtoerw were supplied with arms
and accoutrements, and ready for the field by the
6th of June."" _
The deposition of Governor Schley, of Georgia,
was then read. TheGovernotr remarks uponp the
coincidence of General Scott at Savannah, Jesup
at Augusta, and himself at Miledgeville--haviig-
no previo 's communications upon the subjeet,in
suggesting the same plan of campaign. His viewa
of General Jesup's treatment towards Genemeal
-Scott are clearly defined, and places the conduct of
the Quarter Master General in a very unenviable
light. Governor Schley is of opinion that fewer
murders would have been committed, and a 4qes
number of'the hostile Creeks escaped into Florida,
had Jesup adhered to the original plan of campaign,
by which both Generais were to operate simultase-
ously; but Jesup-wai restless lest all-the:hoior
of closing the War would be General Scott's,-amid
as he (Jesup) had -the Indians in his immediate
neighborhood, he thought by striking an immediate
blow at them he could run away with the honbr,
himselt,-he did act, the friendly Creek lhdians
captured the most formidable band of the hostiles,
and the War was closed. General'Scott Was re-.
called to atone for hisi delay in operating earlier,
and Mr. Quarter Master Generali T. -S. Jesup,
comiahder of the Southern Amy,4is :*
SA letter from General Jesup to" GoVernor-bhiley,
Was then read to the Court: This letter cOrr-
plained of Governor Sehley's having written ;tothe
President of the Uilited States, in cQtisequenoe of
his (Sehley,) not hearing from JewuD in reply. to a
.leltdir- Cted by the Go-ernor to-iiiaskitg for-cer-
tain information. The President directs comnmuf-
catio4 toJesup upow the subject- whereat iJesup
takes fire-looks at his file-and lo t there beholds
the. letter which he had forgot to selgj. reply to
G^>v. Sheey's, and xbue-Wa. f Mijm.
other, and then, when it could be of no use, sends
itto him. -
' General Sc6tt said that he should argue, at the-
proper time, this peculiar faihlgof Gen. Jsup,
and would prove that: he is habituated to writing
letters and placing "hemn on -te -as though copies
bad acttllly -bern 'sent to tihofebr whom t dy
were intended. -
The Judge Advocate continued -the reading of
the deposition and when finished, General Scott
presented a letter from. Gen. Woodward which
contained evidence of the determination of Gen.
Jesup to disregard the pledge to co-operate'with
Gen. Scott, and of his having acted in disobedience
to orders. '
A letter from the Hon. W. C.'Dawaon, M. C.
who commanded a detachment of volunteers and
artillery on board of the steamboat which was eta-
tioned on the Outhracoochee, enclosing his deposi-
tion, was read. His answers are confirmatory ot
what has preceded, viz: the exoneration of Gen.
'Scott fromkunnecessary delay in preparing to ope-
rate against the Creek Indians, and which the pub,
lie will remember was the only charge against Ge-
neral Scott connected with the Creek matter.
G'.n. Scott then offered to the Court another pa- -
per signed by Col. Lane (then Lfeiutenant,) forawer-
ly, and at that time anm aid to Gen. Jesup, which
was evidently the handy work of both, pretending
to be an abstract of the correspondence between
Gen. Jesup and others in reference to the Creek
war. Gen. Scott Said he woald offer it in evidence


on th~ 17tt Lf"June, Viiew.Ucd
CrbAa, Con a. W A.
' sr, M^ter, at Cblombts. A
r f1repce te tk4-ppN' -i'o
band, and what amount thej -,. -.
the enimmand p1 Gen. J Na-
Crabb replied that he bad f"iol p ofpr
visions on hand, and' iathiq hadia'l iekhtuted
. the market in fUrnfshiig the tepsoi.itembll.
and those stationed above add blOw_ kiA irer,
Gen. Scott directed him in -th-ebigut ss to
use every exertion-to siipplytiti ddwlemsp,
and if neceasaty for this p W ")1c6the~eoy-
gia troops on half ,r-a tYauel b if
Qtuestion.- W hat 46"'d ic ai m WrACotof the
state of the toads and triig, w AtM'a md '
Columbus, andibtween"H*kiiw*$Ie a*4ohsi.
'bus, in June lat? -:' .-f ,
Answer.-I iecollect dis~lnCirtfyacmwiitelnin fell
in June. ahd khow frol 'personal "bWeB ti that
t.he toad between Augusta- amd Cokombqswaa in
very badondition. '" ; '4' : ':- -
General'Scott announced to th60.teutidihat .he
would here rest his Creek caseieseairtiu himself
the right of eXaminGeing .e. Wojod4w#A could ht
arrive in the megn thWq;:a' fthe *iM pleas--
ed if the Court would assignfiaifi T'hftiddrext to
tommenco his detence u' rdtit d-ttt i which
the Court aequiesed.'-Th. Pr#MirBsWfc Gben ad-
journed the Court uMn' toA omretW-iii.s at 11
o'clock, whea the aseif-Maj.:Gie.'li wiI be
,reaum e.. : -* -
"*-a f 1:@ w. *"* -. ,~~t

Correspondence of tae1l. Y. :ilW .
Mesert. Editowr-B a gentte*is i:kwa jwut
arrived from St.l John;, N; &. er) that on
Saturday last aboUt 9,P. Mha L v very,.-tin
broke out in'that 01ty wltiohfsattqredt staid,
destroyed about eiia. 4M .: ni3UaP-
iNGs, situated on South Mark W jri* Water
and Prince Williesm trtf;. !4y of
GoodsA dtr#ed, w"asI imesi- Na
three thousand barrets of, Flw. T q nmene-
ed in2Mr.-Whitneys'Stoua&at9, E.M,. iO raged
twsve hoaur with snabae4 kr*,;.; ThNVies upon
South-Market Wharf-wtie a.4 woodm a m 3 to
4storiesin height.-- '-". '"4; s yi,
STliey were fuUoall ,nr .ef(esu ie vary.
little of which could besa'v; ap
peered to be ot no use, being very smem' ordo,
antd the weather wawe|, m jy oI.., "
Asliergf number rendermed houselesas, asd; qaia.y/; ood
circumataniessare now bfte ir. T ,a,
* Only metiriE" building wes _41 i tQ
whole -buw t ditr ict.i"a ic.l .1 1Uct, w W
the case in N*Iw York o ere ,


'. -' 7- *_ .


4 -
4&.


1


4,'ces of( sG.r.T L';, .iw
:ittcooc;.ee. Tld urf*kbm^feib^ a
int, ended forhoe thir*? 3
Gehn.6eoit..here tofl[r0 4d
-ALtdgone abroa thai Ca',a Ti^i.^t L,
asonallylpiinial hto r bs



(814 .Pextdunm


tae an aid tOk iva.
slorh which &ocur~emb~
his arrival Cdloafill B ymE
m. exceedingly sw'rereq on --thl i
during its quntinuamce,ai. thiftl'it..lj
vendiys. "
Question to Lieut. Butt6"* 'it4
the whites serve in the CreAk l
Scott?
Anower.-Afthe requft 7 9ql
hi-n at Columbus aboat the IdMo(1i^'9lll .
acted as aid-de-camp to that 'iiW
20th June, when- I was pmciu I".
operations against the C iree& htl.
of July, when he wastikavi :, '11 ,." ,
Question.-What *t'' the c.."WW...i.iu.
itappened at Head Quartera whew w
accident which bifei a tei o l ".
stores, reached Geri._ott? ..,q .2
Answer.-Lt was rep.eteI'a kf"-'IMII .
Gen. Scott, at Columbns r t t a iftW .
with army ammunition and Goi:e F l i
.boiler in the month of June, i l
between Darien and Hewknviti 4h11, l ,
of this, the news had to reaqbh HA* 'iitlW ,
before the Assistant QuaterMae
oGher means for traispaortfath.. l*.
obliged to hire another b0oait isi -t ii I -
for the summ ni-it her tup, ad adMrNfcVn OA,..
the river f6r said spplies. Muchla. ikka1ba-
s1oned in the arrival of arms tIItfti^ fi^ li(Mf -
reportedithat anotherboat simhbVhy I im000d f-ti
with an accident which delayed %the.0'011a11 0f110
arms, &c. at that place. '. :, :'.! s .
Q uest-ion.-What doea witness rsA bdUb af
ordered by Gen. Scott on hearifte Of th- to proceed in the direction of Hlantoilhci
what prevented his going to thm t:.AM ,
Answer.-,lf rcenkegqqu, n6bfef_
laj in he ari'ail ofthe arib O Haerk I I
Scot'itola'd tn go by day hdie lM
place untitf shcid meet' e'tramt fOw mghl Nm
Columbus, and hasten thtffirnWri by
ble means' had mournnted' 'dW-l '0
irder, wheN0Major Bard arriveiidnp U -
trom Hawkinsvlle,.and he ausarl&tmfilud
.muysef that heI had te' g st.: oUkdm rq
:zea aind activity of 'the cb.deUmr,i tthwrhf .l
could not b expedited yan yrIy.&Nn thaW i
would certainly be there i ,twitrer tama,
did not ho we*er, arrive Oii raMbLaRt A
tim e. ; ; : '" i: b..IZ .
QIiuestio.--What.6ther ceuiMt&ba'f4lWited
to.prevent. "he arrival of,$hoA'iaMV"-' 1 r-ni
Answer-I stgtbtl itn m asf1w~'td th(li(AJBX
question thai the arim did n6f arri_ ON4t1I
days after they were expected. "The : eaft of
which as reported on' the iriva idf t* & U 6 mwas
letter, written by MajorGeineKaP Vnv4bf( lI
bama militia, to Brig. 'GOn.. WitW ,
w ho ad been haed wih t ,
district of country e W the hflt-, 4 --11 6"
Florida. Thi leter TV A taM l.-Mlhl
Creek Indians had crossed -tVaih4al* d
were laying waote the.'tiw L. gfiK iS
murdering in !he.r .pogr. ,sa,, M
children, indiserimrnatft r.'' On'. thte R of
this letter in the publijd o*athau.ti. f
that portio of country EW 'I r.dW M- do
interior. Thme tcof'on 6''.OlN o l d?
with thepame 0ph ,",m 4tU b
as to pas above vtn IWaO 4 o
delaying the ai'Miil of4 1t d .
QMuestio-Wat doe `W l of
Major Generat SemSeodtsgefi~ fo4&US~l rlhb










3WU3M1N till Tn T iaWizW

1"Pmnt to a call s8g1 d by a large 'number of
she m&eaets mechanics and land owners of the
of New York, a very numerous and respecta-
,_sm. e6vmblel on the evening of the 20th
ra J lamt18S7, at Clinton Hahl. -
-- Tb.e iMe a.ti *tld t order-by Mr.JAs. N.
W-m jwboMe motion His Honor THE MAYOR,
w,.__. oi- .Prideaw; and JAS N.
WsuL and NAITHANizL Wmv, were appointed
Vi- Presidents, and Thomas R. Mercein avid
Wiift'a Samuel Jobneon, Secretaries.
Tbn Mayor. ertaking the Chair, announced the
eI c6Sm mewaeting to br, as stated in the call,
*Jemmin from the Board of Directors of the New
ksmlkad Erie railroadd Company, important stae-
tel.mspa cting4 thaprogress of their undertaking,
&MhFiu provy idane ondition, and to adopt
^ an ens prosecution and early
tl s, ct of Mr. James G. King, the Presi-
: tmiotib ]ailroad Company, Mr. Johnson read
u-Imie of the Report heretofore made to the Corn.-
**ta Couacil of this, city, by a joint Committee, of
*hsMr. J. was the chairman; setting forth the
j mio importance of the work to this city, in all
i-l'aehel of industry. Which being done, Mt.
ing poeseeded to make a statement of all that the
-aspany had hitherto done, and of the circumstan-
Si fiir -of the desolating fire of December last,
swss..fthe recent money prmessure--(whichti he
S ked incidentally, he thought ho might con-
j glra hi. audience upon havingnow passed)-'
rean of which they had not before called upon
th"iu kbWw citizens to fill up the stock. The time,
Ibw"ev, bad now come for action, vigorous,prompt,
S-bVUntaeJ, if we were in earnest in the purpose
of opening this new aveniua-available at all seA;.
aso-4 the West. That to produce such action
-WM ts objectof inviting this meeting, and to'tle
-ettdwh none mightwct witbput full knowledge, Mr.
L. proceeded tostate the grounds upor which-afe
ts.perso al inspection by some of t ncir body, and
he meot W"areul cx.iminations and re-eximinations
y Engiasecs seepnd to none in the profession-the
-J*M of Directors were willing to stake their ehar-
ispM tor intelligence and sound judg'nent, upon
the praetiegbility, and the certain and positive ben-
et, of the projected road-which, if reliance could
S*"bh"ilced upon most careful estimates by cautious
'-,AS h- be knew no better ground of reliance in
any7 mch tmderaking--couald be made fo' sfr mil-
-Urn ef dolts. Of1 this amount there were, now
SsMb-acribed and paid in to the extent called for, ane
S7 dMsffi eight hundred thousand dollars,-the State
- wis piede for two millions more on the completion
of ea sinl track lor the whole route, and the city of
Eew Vork was asked to make the sum up to five
Nfhfgs --eonfidentU thant before that should be ex-
pimnded the benefit s of the road would be so mani-
fest, and the rise in the value of properly along its
flte so great, that no difficulty w6ufd occur in ob-
awpi the remaining million. ..One million two
wmdrdWhouwed dollars th. n wasall that was ask-
dfroemthat city-r-soa to make up the private sub-
....aipmMito three mifions. .
W, K t:. here added that great and honorable ex-
-.4lita-wsre made, to -saeure the passage of the
S M, grensiw_ thoAcredit of the $State-on the floor
i" theJS1mly4, b4y General Prosper .M. Wetmore,
SmMd his colleges, M sirs. Cowdrey, Sharp, Con-
r ntod West, of the city delegation; and in ihr
'- rie, by Mrssrs. Livingston and Van Skaick-
4oeAch and all of whom, the thanks of their fellow
citiens were most juitly due. In addition to the
'- fives lf- patrioUisni, of pride, ofself-interest,
which combine to prompt New York to accomplish
: !..t a nr F work, Mr.- K. stated, that do-
.:.eibms had been mide to the Company along
A lit. ei of tmhe ro4l wvst of the Gene-ee ri-
a INe e gre.t value, 4s to enable them to
asa6r .rt those who were, and those who might
..-b'etue, subscribers to the stock, six per cent. per
-di Hmum--(w be provided by the sales, as needed, ot
".: Jannds)-upon all sums called in till 1841, with
.(-td L AirLber proviso, that the residue of the lands
... ft.v'e d should be rateably divided among the
.)ijt ,demof the three millions of stock. As an
io 0 T no of the worth of these lands, the
.~~eretary, a Mr. L.'sJistance, read an offer to the
1. -.apty, r %ed b G. Hoyt, C. Hoyt,N. Deve-
i:., ff, and nevins Townsend-of four hundred
shuUtmtmd sea for dhee lands, to be paid in such
mm,l-a theL 1st of July of-each year until 1841,
>" a olldiadu ce for the interest at 6 per cent. ac-
4 w i at these periods on the instalments of stock
t Mr. K- added, however, that-there was
I ao&b M on nthe pant of the Company, to a-
.' -apst is efr, preferring to reserve for their stock-
4.; 'ttgdmthe'rim in the value of these lands which
h- progress of the road could not fail to occasion,
.s* .-l*r f to traS what might be need-
S M- j.> meet the paynaent-of dividends. Finally,
I T owesm s .wm -e now subscribed, would only
'So hlm r. n in' inistalmenta amonting to 25 per
-,, 0 r f*r four years and the first pay
Iif t pef ettnigbe made in notes of
,b *ta .drfear months.
M ? fl1rot euM of theroad, when completed
1*06lfti.'Operatiqsi, Mr.. K. observed, that-after a
: tla^d Caroteful examination, by his associates
-,. ldsMBi ,zIthey could not entertain a reasonable
idtadbfe efsch results, from the profits of transports-
t tie..awdfpft en s and merchandize, as to render the
.ak f A hesvalue in point of security and
of dividends. Indeed, that it was impossible tc
4m memeto any other conclusion, when they consider-
e teheapacas of construction, the general facili-
Sr "Jid4x.the grades, the various tributary, railroads
arid cmais," the outlet.upon'the western lakes, the
S.sirmpitlgtift &- the Allegheny river, and the
'r aauitrcof the increasing pgpulation'of the thrif-


o. y p tn, yillagesand settlement, along the-whole
length'of the rpaJ, rendered doubly prosperous by
.* t ,lbwtt tthi amolg hem of so many villages.
M iMr, I isi particular attention to the fact,
'-"akainafte*.- and himself had no motive, be-
yt, what every. other stockholder possessed, in the
:eMftltaf msheapc*. They had no separate pecuni-
ay' r.itqagis to mislead their judgment-they ownec
e l-mi~t pmerply adjoining the road-nor within
'. *.tlj hqa 6aimdoies-and they put forward their
, 'to public confidence, upon the ground of their
entire disinterestedness.
MJ.,L ceiuclded by stating that he had never
.- .kjb hidinucets of a pecuniary character held
fw r co-peratio in an enterprise promising such
S- jwtt, sramnger than those which he had been
tMs, I bealf ef-hls colleagues and himself, to pre-
.stn tMsAset fig; bu.t.so deeply did he feel the
..tr .nei of the causeLhat in addition he would
Sthe puotism, never found wanting of the
L" ^llt, hanW, uadma and. professional men, mechanics
W ad- m1admiutius classes of this powerful city
.-'5- weh appeal to their enlightened spirit of en-
R i w4hicb could discern,- and aim at distant
~. -and to that just regard to their owninter-
-" Escwl b Mkhw would not permit them to stand idle
%;S*Ie rival city awd State are training every
" glhflm epty 4 before their pyes, the precious
r&de of the great West, nor to suffer this mighty
-*mi, ted tohis associates and himself, to Ian-
.kBUbMVJc pe sb, for the want of adequate

...... 8f f. 9t9w followed Mr. KL and said
't iif befn4 *that meeting a reent convert-
"4A'hadt very atety he had entertained strong
Iuhn tbes psieiaeaihty and usefulhlness of the
F a-tbut after a careful and minute examination
H* bqcoms flutly convinced, that whaton a loee
.utjadLxfr view. had seemed to him visionary, was
t I iiamiu praeticable, mostdesirable, and would
ze a eleidr proft be, sot only to the public
"&iMft.bl'*hb o)Ight' invest their funds in the
WK: 'Be had no iaat6t.iathe question beyond
&. P i wJ~l yS-l d leof lo i w citizens, had no Iandi
-, M i. ro ute, and up to that time had not ever
'i l bed to' the t=k; but his attention having
'" i fv bewk invite d M the suhjeet, and enter-


f ^ .
SIbut, in Ai.. 6 4eetA, witth .he Pmte ilna thinetby those to whom th it &peal is iade-and.
and the Baltimore and Ohio 1 a4lroadsi-and coti thus noithbr will be added to the bright examwes
duded by deslating hksfirm convietionrterived fro p of tat may beeccomplished by a people blessed.
cloq examination of thle propofs, that locomotive with'a healthful and feriile soil--and with 'their
engines, drawing heavy loads, as well of merchan- faculties developed and strengthened by general
disc and agricultural, products, as of passengers, .education, and by free political institutions. He
could profitably traverse the whole route from the would, therefore, move the following resolution,
Hudson to the Lake. ,- which wasunanimously adopted :
IInihe course of his reiarks on this subject, Mr. Resolved, That it is expedient to adopt mea-
S'. stitedt the striking and conclusive fact, that, al- sures, without delay, to increase the available sub-
though the route passes over, or rather winds scripfions to the stock of the New York. and Erie-
'through an uneven country in a portion of its line, Railroad Companiy to three millions of dollars-
yet that the greatest acclivity which it encounters that a committee ofithirty-five citizens, with power
at any point, will not be steeper than the present to add to (heir number, be appointed by the chair,
grade oJ the Harlem Railroad in the Bowery, in this to obtain subscriptions-and that it be recomimend-
cityopposite Vauxhall, and that the greatest portion ed to the Board of Directors forthwith to oen
iof the whole line has not %ore than one half of that books for that purpose, at the Merchants' Ex-
degree of inclination-and he appealed to his fellow change, and at such other places as they shall deem
.citiztns,'who daily witnessed the rapid passage expedient.
along that street of loaded vehicles drawn by horses, The following gentlemen were then nominated
to point out what difficulty could exist in passing by hishonor the Mayor:
over grades of less. severity with 4ocomoiveen- John Haggerty- -John A. Stevens
gine RobertCheesebrough Moses H. Grinnell ,
Mr. S. proceeded to point out the importance of Samuel S. Howland James N. Wells
securing aconnexion in the early spring, between Chas.N.Talbot Moses Taylor
the port ofNew York.and the.populous valleys of Benj. Birdsall Nath'l Weed -
the Ohio and Mississippi, and called the attention Frederick Sheldon E. S. Gould
of the meeting to the fact, which he deemed all im- Stephen Allen' Simeon Drauper, Jr,- -
portant, that the head of navigation of those rivers, Charles Kelsey Abm. G. Thompson
tb'ming the commercial key of that whole region Thomas R. Mercein David Austen
of territory, actually lay within the limits of this Daniel Jackson D. W. Wetmore
SState. in the county ofCattaraugus, and on the ve- Shepherd Knapp Samuel Jones
ry line of theproposed road. He w,,s confident, Robert Ray George W. Bruen
he said, judging from his ownwantof acquaintance JamEsB. Murray Thomas E. Davis
until a very recent period with that important fea- Charles Hoyt J. A. Perry
ture in the enterprise, that his fellow citizens were Ogden E. Edwards Christopher Wolfe
not thoroughly aware of the capacity and value of Henry H. Elliott David Lee -
that stream. He read to the meeting a verv in- _Ed. G. FadIe Charles Denison
teresting letter on the subject, from Judge Chamin- Alfred R. Mount Jacob Lorillard
berlin, from Cattaraugqs County, which had been Martin E. Thompson Philetus H. Woodrufi
printed under the direction of the Senate of this and Andrew Lockwood.
State, while the loan law was under consideration, Resolved, Tbat the proceedings of this meeting
and he showed from the facts therein set forth, that be published, and the meet' g adjourned.
when the Railroad shall be completed from the C. WV. LAWRENCE, President.
Hudson to that river, the merchandize of this city JAMES N. WE.LLS, 'Vice Pre.sidents.
can be sent down into the valley of the Ohio, be- NATH'L WEED, 3 .....
fore the 10th of March, earlier even than the open- THoMAS R. MERCEIN, Secretaries..
ing of the Pennsylvania Canal, and nearly six WM.SAML. JOHNSON, )
weeks before the opening of the Erie Canal.
Mr. S. added, that he was fully satisfied, from MILITARY COURT.
the general character of the country and of the CorresonInLIofthe tore Patriot.
0 an-rodstha itcoud bechepl- costrct- Correspondence of the Baltimore P~atriot.
grades and-roads, that it could be cheaply construct- P
ed and profitably used-that the large population FREDERICK, Md., Jan. 17, 1837.
which would accommodate,and which is now rapid, Present-Major Gen. A. Macomb, President;
-ly increasing, would afibrd a lucrative revenue in Brig.Gen. Atkinson, Brig. Gen. Brady, Associates;
the transportation both of persons and property ; Capt. S. Cooper, Judge Advocate. -
and that such revenue would steadily increase with At the usual hour the Judge Advocate stated to
the growth of the country and the develope.aent of the court that C;pt. George McCall who had been
its resources. subporned on the part of the court, was present, and
In conclusion, Mr.S. described the struggle which ready to be interrogated. He was accordingly call-
S now exhibited of four important AtlanticStates; ed and sworn.
Virginia, through the J times River and Itanawlh;, By the Court.-Will you please state the opera-
an .,Is and railroads-.Maryland, by tihe Balt.more tons of the army under command of Gen. Gaines
and Ohio railroad-Pennsylvania, by her rail-oads' after his arrivalat the Ouilthlacoochee? 7
and canals; and lastly, .New York, with the propose Answer.-The army reached the Ouithlacoochee
d railroad, all striving to win the rich prize of the between 1 and 2 o'clock on tite 27th Feb. On ar-
Western trade. And he earnestlyappealed to his riving at Gen. Clinch's former campaign ground,
t rllow-citiz:ns to come forward at once, and by all the column was halted, and the baggage train lef i
the means in their power, to hasten the completion i charge of -the rear guard. Gen. tiameswiit tihe
of a work in which their commercial ascendency -idvance guard and main columnn proceeded to 'he
nd permanent property were so deeply involved, river bank, for the purpose of reconnoiterin nthe
He, therefore, submitted thefollowing resolution, crossing. About half an hour had been passed in
which was passed unanimously: 'examining the depth of the water where the trail
Resolved, That the early completion of the N. struck it, when the General was fi'cd upon by s
York and Erie Railroad is, in the opinion of this party o 8 or 10 Indians, and immediately after the
meeting, an. object ofthe highest importance, both fight commenced from across the river. Inhalfan
to the local interests of this city, and to is comn- hour the firing very nearly ceased, alter which the
merce with the interior; and that this meeting en- troopsencamped upon the ground occupied b Gen.
'c-ertain the fullest confidence in the feasibility ofthe Clinch, on the 31st D: member preceding. The In-
undertaking-in' the resources relied on for annual dians who acted as guides, then declared that the,
dividends while the works in progress-and in the ford they were seeking must become mriles lower
security -and valueof the stock whenithe road shall 'town. The General determined on the point in-
be in operation dieated, and the next morning at sunrise the co-
Mr. Gco. Griswold succeeded Mr.Stevens. lumns were in m tion for that point. As the advance
Mr. G. said, the time had comne when it was ne- guard-arrived at river bank, the Indians on the op-
cessary-for the citiz tne of New York to determine polite bank fired upon, them, by which Lieut. Izard
whether wo. k, such as they had heard described, was mortally wounded. The advance was nime-
and of which the importance to our p osperity Jiately sustained by two companies of the 4th In
? could not be overrated, should be urged on to rapid fantry, and one company of Volunteers who were
'' completion, or suffered to languish and die-tnis posted higherup. Tie fire waskept up at inter-
was the question, and on the decision of this meet- vails across the river, until about 1 o'clock. In
: ing it depend d whether the enterprise should sue- the mean time a working party had been detailed
seedorfall. He-could not doubt the result of the to-prepare canoes, and flooring to make a ponton
appeal thathad bet-n made.. -Pride, patriotism, self- bridge, and it was expected that every thing would
jiiterest, all combined to induce us to proceed. Al- be in readiness for crossing by the next day. AtL.
ready Pennsylvania, b6 a railroad min progress to about 4 o'clock P. M., a very loud whooping was
Erie n the Lake, is aiming to strikethe very point heard, as if a party were advancing down the river,
Swe are tendina to ; and shall we sit still and let a on the opposite side : this was answered by the In-
s rival-ianhonorable andc emulous rival indeed- dians opposite us, and the friendly Indians with us
I take from us the prize. Nature, art, enterprise, declared it to be Micanopy, whose force they esti-
' and skiH had givrn us the ascendancy; a harbor, mated 'at 800 coming to remforce the Micosukeans.
' to which the world presented no superior--ap- They-remarked also, that they must be whipped
' proaehable at all times-that is, added 'Mr. G.- for three days in succession before theywould gise
' when pilots are to be found-the finest ships in the up. These circumstawes determined oen. Games
" world, the best sailors, as he verily believed, and to write to Gen. Clinch for additional supplies of
; vast enterprise, gave us the lead, and that lead noth- ammunition'and provisions, and requesting him to
. ing could take awayfrom us, ifwe were only alive to bring down any mounted force he might have with
our true interests. The work under consideration him. as he considered _that species oftroops essen-
j-' appealed to all those interests-to the znerchant, to tial. The following morning I accompanied Gen.
" the householder, to the professional man, to the ship Gaines on a reoonnoisance-of the ground imme-
i builder,-nay, there was not a carman, sailor, rig- diately in front and on the left of the encampment
ger or laborer connected with the city, who would on the river. Very soon after he returned, the
s not be more or less benefited, either in the increase working party which was a short distance to the
of work, the augmentationin the value of property, left-of our encaippment-was fired upon and imme-
or the extension of business, by this new opening to diately afterwards a heavy fire was opened upon
the far west. And to insure these most desirable three sides of our cam p: The troops having been
i results, what was asked ?tA subscription payable directed not to throw away a single shot, and never
in equa- parts in four years, of twelve hundred to fire. without good aim, and at fair striking dis-
- thousand dollars! not four dollars a head for our stance. This order was observed with-great cool-
- population-not one dollar a head annually fur four ness, and a heavy fire was sometimes sustained
_ vearsl Can there be a doubt that this trifle, this for several minutes without a shot being returned.


Svery trifle compared with the resources arid means The fight continued without intermission for more
Sof this city, would be forthcoming? than two hours, when the Indians retired and did
Mr.G. concluded by saying, that as evidence he not make their appearance again that day. The
did not recommend to others what he was not pre- loss on our part this day was one-Sergeant killed
Spared to pid in himself, he would' state that; in be- and thirty odd. officers and men wounded-among
half of himself and some friends with whom he had them Gen. Gaines and Lieut. Duncan.
consulted, ifone million were subscribed by the citi- 'After the action the work was resumed for the
zes at large, he would take-the remaining two hun- purpose of completing the materials for the bridge.
died thousand dollars! Ha6 believed it would be an That evening Gen. Gaines sent another express to
excellent investment. Gen. Clinch, informing him of the occurrences of
, -He,therefore, submitted the following resolution, the morning, saying that he had abstained from a
which was unanimously adopted :I sortie, and should continue to do so until he heard
% -Resolved,That in view of the rival enterprises from him, lest a sortie might disperse the Indians
Sof other States, this community. loudly called en without resulting in any important advantage to us.
to sustain the efforts necessary to a vigorous prose- On the following morning the Indians did not re-ap-
r caution and rapid accomplishment of this underta- pear, as was expected, nor did they appear in force
i king, bymeans of which the earliest and most spee- again until the 3d of MaIch, when they directed up-
dy communication will be established between this on the camp, for an hour, a fire nearly as warm as
city and the vast anfid various markets in thevalleys that of the 29th February. They occasionally fired
of the Ohio and Mississippi, and on the borders of at intervals until the 5th of March, on which day, at
the western and northwestern Lakes.I about 9 o'clock in the evening, a voice was heard
SOn motion of Mr. Robert Cheeseborough, it was hailingour camp. It was at first supposed to be a
-unanimously return express, and he was desired to advance., The
S Resolved, That the entire population of this city, voice of a negro was than heard to say that the In-
from the poorest to the most prosperous-laborers, dians w.ere tired of fighting, and wished to come in,
Mechanics and manufacturers, as weldasmerchants, in the morning, handshake hands. He was toid that
t land owners and professional men-are alike deeply if the Indians appeared in the morning with a white
interested ia the completion of this work, as a me- flag, they should be heard. About 9 o'clock the fol-
dium of constant and-abundant supplies from the lowing morning, a body of about 300 Indians ap-
Sremote interior, of provisions, fuel, lumber and peared some 4 or 600 yards in the rear of the camp,
Other articles of consutimption, at all times, and es- with a white flag. After some hesitation 3 of their
Specially during the winter months,-since by such party advanced and were met byAdjutant Barrow,
supplies, renewed from day to day, the expenses ot who soon returned and said that the Indians told
Living will be ihmaerially diminished, and the health, him they had lost many of their warriors, desired
comfort and prosperityof all classes of citizens es- peace, and were willing to shake hands..- Captain
sentially promoted. Hitchcock was then directed to meet them and hear
S It being announced to the meeting, that Mr. g- particularly what they had to say. On his return
SdenInow.of tthe Saie of Illinois, anid lately of Dela he reported that theIndianswereapparently subdu-
Sware county, in this State, was present, and that ed in spirit, and seemed extremely anxious to make
e "he had actively advocated4the Loan Law, as a mem- peace. They told him that theywould confer with
I berof Assenibfy from that county, in the session of their chiefs, and meet him again in the afternoon,
S1835. and give their final answer. About the appointed
Mr. 0., on the call of the meeting, made a brief time the Indians returned, and after some time had
1 exposition of .'ie nature and extent of the products passed in conference, a party of Indians in the rear
Wh ivich the Southern counties would afford for terans- were fired upon by Gen, Clinch'sInfLikersapproaach-
S.portation on the proposed road, an'! particularly of ing us from Fort Drane, which. broke up the meet-
Sfie valuable lumber which was now exported from ing. On the morning of the 8th, the Indians not
I atsection. of theStates throughout the Whole val- having appeared since the 5th, Gen. Clinch sent an
Iley of the M issippt. iuterpreter among them to ascertain their situation.
S He proceeded further to advert to the rapid im. numbers and disposition. On the evening of the
Smnvement naw takihr niaca thrOniihont thf whole 9th (4en.I Gaines -turnad over the eonmmand to Gen.


NEW-YORK AMIERICAN.
TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 24, 1837.
Office, 74 Cedar Street, two doors from Broadway.
kILuTARY QOUsT.. '
Correspondence of the Baltimore Patriot.
E' FREDERICK, Md. Jan. 17,1837.
Present-Major Gen. A. Meicomb, President;
Brig. Gen. Atkiason, Brig. Gen. Brady, Associates;
Capt. S. Cooper, Jidge Advocate.
Continuation of proceedings in relation to the
failure of the Seminole and Creek Campaigns, con-
ducted by Generals Gaines and Scott; and the de-
lay in prosecuting the Creek Campaign of General
Scott.
(Capt. AteCall's testimny continued.)
Question by the Court.-What was the number
of Indians that invested Camp Izard on the 29th of
Feb'uaryand bow many attacks were made onsaid
Camp ?I
Answer.-T-he number on the morning of the
29th was in my opinion between 1200 and 1500, in-
cluding negroes, jutjging from the extent of ground
covered-their fire and war whoop. On the morn-
ing of the 3d their number, al tho' apparently not so
numerous as on the 29t.h, were greater than at any-
subsequent period. The Indians made five or
six attacks, and occasionally, both during day and
night, a few shots were fired into the camp by strag-
glers."
By the Court-No sortie was made upon the en-
emy ; what reason did Gen. Gaines assign for not
making a sortie ?
Answer.-He did not explain to me his reasons,
but my impression is that it would not have result-
cd in any important advantage to cur side.
By the Court.-Did no officer during the siege
suggest the propriety of a sortie ?'
Answer.-I did not hear any officer suggest a
sortie; nor do I know that any officer differed with
the General upon that point.
By the Court.-Whiat is your opinion ofthe forces
being able to driveithe Indians if a sortie had been
mede.
Answer.--I hawve not the smallest doubt they
could have driven them off, but the nature of the
ground was such--the hammocks being very dense
and extremely di'lcult of access to troops, the In-
-dians who were' l)ing concealed would have been
e enabled deliver their fire, and owing to their sw-
perior celerity and knowledge of the ground, pass-
cd through the hammock and crossed the river be-
fore our troops could have come up with them.
Their facilities for crossing being great, and the
troops without thq means of following them.
General Gtintas ht.re aroseand said that be would
submit a question in reference to a subject which
hadbeen agitated in the public journals throughout
'.he North, ahd bethought it was due to himself, at
this time, to allude to it. He said he had been
charged[withimeeting the enemy only behind breast-
works, and by this witness he would show that he
h>d f-,ught them for two days upon theriver banks,
nad compelled them to retire from the conflict.
He saia that suffiipnt evidence had already been
adduced to the Court to prove the impropriety ot
his m-rking a soltie from Camp Izird after the
pledge' heIh ,d mnde to Gereral Clinch, or the corm-
manding officer at Fort Drane, that he would not.
do so.
By Ger. Gaines-What part of the force of Gen.
Gaines was out of the limits of Camp Izird on the
29th of February, and % ere not several, companies
occasionally on lthe river engaged with the enemy
prior to the 6th of March?
Answer-There. was one company out pf the
limits of the breast work on the 29bLh of Februa-
ryv, and several companies were ei gaged in firing
't the Indians across the river prior to the 6th of
March. -
Gen. Gaines preceded the next question with a
few remarks in reference to the opportunities which
had been enjyWsd by Capt. McCall during a long
residence in the Indian countries, in making himself
acquainted with the topography of those parts and
the habits and cUstoms ofthe Indians while engaged
in travel, or Nith an enemy. Hesaid that theoffi-
eer who was deputed to relieve him in the command
in Florida, had stated in an officiall communication
that he did notbelieve that more tham 500 Indians
had at any time been embodied since the opening
of the war. That officer acknowledges thai he had
met no O irtiescor.sisting of more than 50or 60, and
he pretends to judge of the number who had attack-
ed the commar.d'at Camp Iz.rd from the appear.
ance of the neighboring ground. Gen., Gaines
said' that-it wft-well known tosome of the mem-
bees ofthe court, that large bodies of Indians have
travelled in tit war from one post to another
witlirontIeviif-tg nd 'them any evidence of their
strength-this be said wtas done by the Indians
treading in the print-which had been made by their
leader, and the only way the enemy could judge
of the opposing force was by the depth of the
print. ,
By Gen.'taines.-What is your opinion as to
the practicability of ascertaining a week or two
weeks after a' batte, the number of Indians engag-
ed in it ; or the number encamped at any one point;
and do the Indians leave as much evidence of their
numbers in canip as the whites ?
Answer.-I think it would be impossible a week
Or two weeks after a battle to ascertain by th' signs
commonly left by Indians, what number had been
on the battle ground. The principal object in In-
dians encampint in times of war being to conceal
their numbers, it would be extremely difficult, per.
haps impossible, to make even a tolerable guess of
the numbers which occupied an encampment unless


they had occupied it for a great length of time. Af-
ter leaving an encampment the Indians do not leave
-my thing like as much evidence of their numbers
as the whites usually leave.
General Gaines here referred to a portion of the
testimony of Captain Thistlet It will be remem-
bered by your readers that the Captain stated to
the court that he had never heard of General Gaines
until he saw him in Florida; and never knew dfany
dissatisfaction expressed by the Volunteers when
it was rendered uncertain whether Generhl Gaines
could accompany them to the scene of action in
Florida. Theb-General said he was in hopes that
Captain Thistle for his own sake would reflect again
upon the subject and correct that part of his terti-
mony, inasmuch as the Captain had gene to Florida
from New Orletis in the same steamboat, and on the
passage thither had frequently conversed with the
same General $aines, of whom "he had never
heard until he stw him in Florida." In order how-
ever to settle tie matter, General (Saines said he
would propose alquestion teCaptain McCall, which
would be satisftory to the court upon that point.
By General (aines.-What were the sentiments
and feelings :of the Louisiana Volunteers as ex-
pressed by them: on board the steamer Watchman,
at Pehsacola, relative to General Gaines continuing
in command ?
Answer..-Ornhe arrival of the steamboat Watch-
man at Pensacola, on the i6th of Febru ry, it was
ascetained thatthe steamer Merchant, with a bat-
talion of Louisiana Volunteers, under the immedi-
ate command eoColonel Smith, had sailed the day
before for Tampa Bay. On landing at Pensacola,
General Gaines received the letter of the Adjutant
General, notifying him that General Scott had been
ordered to Flori4a, and directing General Gaines to
await for further orders at New Orleans. On re-
ceiviig this letter;General Gaines remarked to me
that he would go with great readiness wherever his
services might e moit useful to his: country, and
said he thought he should return to New Orleans.
I left him immediately to attend to some duties.-
When the troops learned the purport of the letter,
many of the volunteers collected around me, and
inquired if theGeneral intended -to proceed or re-
turn-I replied thAt I believed he would return.-
They expressed in strong terms treir regret at this
infr-rmation, and the general opinion, s ,far as 1
* ----- a I *. 1I- -I A 4_. ,'t L- o h-I


By Geti. Gaiiie&*-What oetiii ed it Dade's bat,
ie ground to detetrmnine len. Gaities to go to Ptir
King? ,0: .
Answer--W bile the party who had been detailed
for the purpose were collecting the bodiesfor burial,
Gent. Gainus expressed to me his anxiety to know
where the enemy was, not having met him as we
expected on our mirch to that point, and his desire
te know of the situation of Gen. Clinch. He stated
to me that the surest means of acquiring this infor
mation was to proceed to Fort King, but he ex-
pressed an unwillingness to draw any supplies from
that post, which perhaps might he slender. I then
remarked, that I was informed that morning by the
Senior Quarter-Master, Capt. Shannon, he had
been notified that large supplies had been ordered
to Fort.King.' The'General. expressed satisfaction
at this, and immediately sent for the Quarter-
Mus e., who produced a leUer from the Quarter-
Master-General's office, datedl 19th January, stating
that a l.:rge supply of provisions had been ordered
from New Yorkl to Fort King, and 30,000 rations
to St. Augustine. On receiving this information
Gen.' Gaines expressed his determination to pro,
ceed forthwith to Fort King, and the order fora
march was given the moment the funeral rites were
concluded."
By Gen. Gaines-On his arrival at Fort King,
not finding the provisions and troops he expected,
what plan of operations did Gen. Gaines adopt?
Anawer.-Oo arriving at Port King and finding
the garrison consisted of only one company of ar-
tilery and a small supply of provisions, which
would only -afford him two days' rations, he told me
in tWe course of conversation that it was his deter-
mination to return to ForC Prooke, where he had
supplies, and should he not find the enemy on the
route thiher, he would then operate in the direction
of Tolopchopko, on Pease's Creek, to intercept the
retreatofthe Indians towards the Everglades, should
he be driven in that direction by the troops opera-
ting above.
SBy Gen. Gaines.-Was it the intention of Gen.
Gaines to make v. sortie in the event of hearing Gen.
Clinch's or Col Lindsay'sguns?
Answer.-The General observed several times
at Camp Izard that he should not be surprised to
hear Col. Lindsay's guns from the other side of the
river, and if he did he would c:oss the river and
march to his aid, or if the Indians engaged Genera!
Clinch on his advance he would march out and app-
port him.
T hetustimony of Capt. McCall here closed, when
Capt. Tniisle was called and sworn; but his recital
O )f the scenes which he personally witnessed, being
extremely uninteresting and tedious, I have conclu-
df'd to omit takingnotes of it. The court adjourn-
ed at2 o'clock, tor the purpose of waiting on SGen:
Santa Anna.
FREDERICK, Md. Jan. 18, 1837.
The court went into session at the usual huur,
and continued for a length of time tlhis morning in
taking down the ttuimony of Cap-. Thistle ; in
the course of which he stated that he never thought
the Indians were sincere in their proposition for
peace. Gen. Gaines then submitted the following
ques'.ion:
r The witness has stated that he did not believe
that the Indiai.s were sincere in thpir professions on
the 5 h and 6th of March, 1836, in suteing for peace,
aind yet, after the conference he asked, and obtain-
ed permission to go out ot theec amp with six of his
men: the witness will now state whether hlie would
have considered it prudent or safe in going from the
Camp with six men, unless lie hAid'pldced confidence
in the sincerity of the Indian's overtures.
Answer-I am ready to answer that.-I did
consider it safe. I consider myself a first rate
woodsnman, and I have spent much time with the
Indians, and I have done a great deal of trading
with them, and know them as well as any man,
and I think I am capAble of keeping myself con-
cealed, if I did not wish to come in contact with
ihem.
Gen. Gaines observed that he was perfectly sat-'
isfi-d with the answer of witn, ss anu had no fur-
therinterrogtitories to suggest to ai. The court
adjourned at one o'clock, having directed the Judge
Advocate to furnish replies to certain interrogato-
ries propounded by Gen. GAines, which would su-
persede the nectssity of the General's searching the
chaotic mass of evidence or accusations, which, he
s tid, was "like looking for the tiniest insect in a
ha3 stack. -Some of the letters are so excessively
long-I wont say they a'e as long as from here to
Michilimackinaw-but'I should think them entire-
Ly too long for any officer to write, who was so ex-
tremely anxious to hasten to the theatre of hostili-
ties without losing a moment.
The General said that he would show to the
court from the evidence placed before thenaby Ge-
neral Scott himself, that his plans and mode.of ope-
ration in Florida, were precisely likehis own, up-
til he (Gen. Scott) discovered that anothe-r officer
to whom; he was bearing the most violent personal
hatred, was in the field, and then he cried aloud to
the department that his plans were all upset, and
-his operations much retarded. I shall alT'e.n-
vince the court that if my movement, did at all, em-
barrass or dalay Gen. Scott's, it was not more than
two days.
The President answered to Gen. Gaines, that
his case would be laid aside unt0tMonday next, in
order to afford Gen. Scott an opportunity to read
his defence, which he proposed to commence to de-
liver tomorrow, but being somewhat enfeebled, he
has deferred it until Friday.
The defence 9f Gen. Scott is of great length, and
you may be sure, the General wil! put forth all his
energes. He handles Blair of the Globe, and his
correspondent, Gen. Jesup, without gloves.-
Among other things, he says-"My instructions
directed me to exact from the Seminoles uncondi-


tional submission-there was to be no peace-no
truce. Removal, unqualified removal, west of the
Mississippi, was to be the basis of any negotiation
with these Indians."
In another place he says--" It is my misfortune
sir, not to possess the confidence of the Constitu-
tional Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy
of the United States."!'
EDUCATION is a companion which no misfortune
can depress-no crime destroy-no enemy can alie-
nate or enslave. At home afriend-in company an
introduce ion-in solitude a consolatioi-and in so-
ciety an ornament.
BALTIMOREZ,-Jan.21.
Howard street Flour.-The transactions from
stores are confined to hmitcd lots. Prics have ad-
vanced. We quote the store price at $10,50 a 10
75, and the wagon prices at $10,25 a 10,50. Some
dealers,'iowever, appear unwilling to pay the ad-
vance on the wagon price. -
Ci'y Mills Flour.-Sales of standard at $10,25,
and of extra at $10,50..
Wheat.-Notwithistanding the heavy sales re-
ported last week, the market has not only maintain-
ed itself, but advanced rates have since been obtain-
ed for the parcels ,old. On'Monday, the import of
Whleat, per Amelia, 7000 bushels, was sold at $2,15
for red, and at $2,22 fobr white. To-day the Sterl-
ing'scargo of 18,000 bushels prime white Dantzic,
was sold at $2,20. The bark Falmouth, with a
parcel on board, is still below. No Maryland wheat
in market.
Corn.-A parcel of very inferior .-white has been
sold from store at 90 and 93 cents. One cargo
brought up in tow of a steamboat, is afloat, unsold.
The stock in store is nearly if not quite exhausted.
Rye.-A sale of 6000 bushels European has been
made at $1,40 per bushel.
Oats.-We quote at 60 cents.-I American.]

SMPORTED TRUSTSE.-This magnificent Horse is
now at my stable#, near the UnionfCourse, L. island,
and will oe put to Mares at $60 the season, and $1 for the
groom, payable on the 1st of July-the season to cornm
mence onthe let-,l Februa y, and to end on the Lot ol'Suly.
Trustee ran third for the Derby, 101 subscribers, and was
purchased by the Duke of Cleveland, after the race, for
2 000 guineas, ani was purchased, from him by Messrs.


1 .nr ni-i. ..r Si nn,.r .. t
r -' o" r *
lIEWaTOURSAIWIRICAr'
WEDNESDAY EVENiMG, ANUALRY 25 1I S31.
Gjce, 74 Cedar street, two a d60sjrom Broadeway. '

THE EXPUNGED RESOLUTION.
The following Resolution was passed by the
Senate of the United States on the' 28th day of
March, 1834: 1 :
RESOLVED, THAT THE PRESIDtWNT, IN TiHt LATE
EXECUTIV IPRPCEEDINGS IN RELATION TO THE
PUBLIC .REVENUE, HAS ASSUMED UPoN HIMSELF
AUTHORITY AND POWER NOT CONlERRED BY TlHE
CONSTITUTION AND LAWS, BUT IN DEROGATION OF
BOTH.
The Senators who voted for this resolution
were- -
MEssas. BIBB, BLACK, CALHOUN, CLAY,
CLAYTON, EWING, FRELfNGHtUYSEN,
KENT, KNIGHT, LEIGH, MANGUM,
NAUDAIN, POINDEXTER, PORTER,
PRENTISS, PRESTON, ROBBINS, SILS-
BEE; SMITH, SOUTHARD, SPRAGUE,
SWIFT, TOMLINSON, TYLER, WAGGA-
MAN, and WEBSTER--26.
Now look at the names of the Expungers-or as,
in contempt of their proceeding, they were called
by Mr. C lay, the "Black Knights"--black with
their own infamy.

LIST OF THE BLACK KNIGHTS.
John Ruggles. Mairne; Jusdah Dana, do.;
Hfnry Hubbard, N. Hampshire ; John Page,
John Xt. N'iles, Conn.; Silas Wright, New
York; .N P. Talmadge, do.; Garret D.
Wall, New Jersey; James Buchanan, Penn.;
William C. Rives, Virginia; BedfordBrown,
N. Ca:olina; Robert Stranget, do.; Thomas
Morris, Ohio; Felix CG-undy, Tenn.; Robett
C. .N'icholas, Louisiana ; John Tiptom, Indi-
ana; Robert J. Walker, Mississippi; John
.-4. Robinson, Illinois; Win. L. E. Ewing,
]o.; William R. King, Alabama; Thomas
H. Benton, Missouri; Lewis F. Linn, do.;
JlAnbrose H. Sevier, Arkansas; Robert Ful-
ton, do.


The resolution of March, 18S4, be it tempntber-
ed, was adopted by the votes of 26 Senators out bf
48.-an absolute majonty of/four.
The expunging process was voted by 24 Sena-
tors out of 50-an -absolute minority of two.
To the end that these things may be permanent-
ly fixed on the public mind, we shall keep this ex-
position standing until the 4th Ma ch next, when
the dishonored Senate will cease to sit.

FROM MEXICO AND TEXAS the accounts are such.
as tdarrest the attrndfion of Americans.
The ieturn from thas country of the late Mexican
Minister, Gorostiza, seems to hare been the occasion
for a like return of our Minister, Mr. Ellis, from
Mexico-and so far asthis may be a mere diploma-
tic form, it would not be very important-but from
the spirit in which Mr. Gorostiza left, this country,
and the fermentation existing in Mexico, the matter
becomes more significant.
If in this juncture, contrary to the wise, just, and
cautious policy inculcated in the late message of the
President of the United States on the subject of
Texas, Congress should take any steps towards
recognizing, or indirectly aiding, the independence
of that revolted country, the inevitable consequence,
as it seems to us, would be a war with Mexico-
and of the nature of that war, -and its certainly dis-
astrous results to our commerce, by means of the
freebooters of world at peace, who under the
Mexican flag and commissions would capture,-
sink, burn, and destroy,-- we have on former oc-
'casions express. d our opinion.
According to a letter from New Orleans, of the
16th inst., published in'the Courier & Enquirer,
Gen. Bravo had resumed the command of the forces
destined to act against Texas, on the condition of
their being adequately supplied. His actual num-.
hers Were estimated at 4,000.
Cot. Pancho (laray lhas been appointed Oovernor
of Metamoras. 'e. is the man who carried into
execution Santa Anna's ferocious order to massacre
-the troops of Col. Fanning.
Gen. Victoria, An anti-Santanite, is codunandant
at Vera Crut.
Gil Perez was appointed Governor of T9o4aco.
'in place of Toro, Sauna .Anna's 'brot1er-in-1aw
The former *was- preparing an expedition against
Gutierrcz, a federal ohief at the head of 200 meB in
Chapas.
O'CarteA another federal chief, holds out with a
handful of men at Tuspan, and the other States are
more or less infested with banditti or partisans.
GENERAL SCOTT,.-Ic will deeply gratify-tho'

not at all surprise-the friends of this gallant sol-
dier, who is no courtier, to learn, as we do through
the Courier & Enquirer of this morning, that the


Military Court of Inquiry on the21stinst. exonera-
ted him from all censure, and decided that the
"failure of the campaign is attributable to causes
over which he had no coni rol."
DEATH O JUDOGE HorFMaN.-This eminent
lawyer died yesterday, in his 71st year. On the
fact of his death being announced tothp only Courts
setting, the Special Sessions, and the Court of Com -'
mon Pleas-bot'were immediately adjourned, in
token of respect for a deceased brother. The fol-
lowing is the order made in the Court of Sessions.
The District Attorney, T. Phenix, Esq. having
announced to this Court the death of the Honora-
ble Josiah Ogden Hoffman-it is ordered by this
Court, as a tribute of respect to his great law
learning-to the able and distinguiekhed abilities,
with which he discharged his official duties as At-
torney General of this State, aii Retordei of the
city of New Yofk, and as an Associate. Judge of
the Superior Court, and to his personal worth, that
this C'ourt do forthwith adjourn. The Court fur-
ther directs that this order be published in the pub-
lic papers.
.'he Court then adjourned till Friday.
A very numerous meeting of the Bar was held at
the City Hall this morning, at which resolutions of
respect for the memory, and regret at the death, of
Judge Hoffman, were passed. Chief Justice Jones,
assisted by the Judges of all the other courts, pre,
sided. Beverly Robinson was Secretary.
Mr. P. .. Jay and Mr. Griffm made most feeling
speeches, as we hear, We have only time, how-
ever, at this late hour, for this brief notice.
Thai Times in admitting that Congress have as
yet perfected little or no public business, ascribes
it to the long orations of whig speakers,-particu.
larly on Mr. Wise's resolution. What if the ma-
jority had consented at first, to what they were at
last driven into, the passage of that resolution ? But
the party not only resist Inquiry, and protect abuts,
but complain of the exposures of them made


ffatuaCWuazwt ttsintiM-lt may seeM soBI
what lIke saperergation t way aught at this thil
(t day, in praise e a paridical so web known as
itbs WyeeklpSgiet; but living at the moment ex-
perierigd its value, we nra-"'As well acknowledge it.
rhe last number happeningso be before us when
we were desirous of looking back at two or three
public documents, to find which in the Ale of a daily -
paper would have required both time and rearch-
we'turned to it, and there lighted, on them ready to
our hand': they were the Repoit of thle Committee
of Ways and Meaai of theo flbuWoF tfe
tives, and Mr. Webster's Protest in the Senate.
The -same number also contains the letter olSais
ta Ana to the President, Mr. Gallatin'tr letter to
Mr. Maison on the repeal of the restraining laWi
UwPreainble&aef rho Bxpvnmieg resutlop, a
greater part of the debate in the Senate on the ad-
mission of Michigan,besides current news, incidents,
&c. The Register is now conducted by a m:on of -
the original editor and proprietor, with wiiniah-
ed care and inteffig*nce; its fori,,,s changed from
8rve.to 4to. and of course its capacity for matter is
enlarged in proportion.
AT TaT LYCEUM, last evening, Prof. Teorrqgave
the first lecture of a popular course Of Cheiufi.ry-
which was eminently successful in the expeimen-
tal part, and instructive in therapid sketch giveaof
the history of the science.- The course will otsist
often lessons,tobe given on Tuesdaysand Friday.
The auditors last evening, notwithstanding the
temptation of sleighing, were numerous, and the sa-
tisfaction imparted to then wiltl,we presume, insure
even larger attendance at the remaining leeties.
SThis evening Mr. Dsn/kdn, who was prevented by
the.storm of Saturday, from giving his introductory
on Phrenotogy, will deliver it-'wthe lecture wilU be
public. On Saturday he will .enter on the-Iuwe,,
and subsequently on each Tuesday and SaUw y
he will deliver a lecture till it is fish ad .-
Tickets for ilts course, which we hazard little in
saying will be attractive, may Be had at this off,*
and of the gentlemen named in Mr. D.seadertis-
ment.
THE -IMMORALITY oF P JlMVAT 1NGl has b"eeni
rebuked, it would seem, tven by Texas. The
allusion of President Houston to the exaihple of
Great Pritain, is to bei 'ure a itttle unfortunate, for
that nr tion has again and agin refused euir oter-
tures to stipulate by treaty, that, iIn the .e-fht of
war, privateers should not be commissioted-but
the truths as to the nature and objects of priva.-
teering, are incontrovertible.
[ From the Texas Telegraph.] '
PROCLAMATION, .
In the name and by the-.authority of the Rpublic
of Texas: .-
Whereas the late Government "ad interim" of
the Republic aforesaid have, at v 'riouv tires, wnd
to divers individual, issued and- gr"Eti d wansuis-
sions for "letters of marque andrepriek4" and
whereas similar commiions bavpiaspo been issued
by the present Goverrnment as a means of tempo-
rary defence, which from the increaseof Ouut na-
rional marine, has now become iotxpedient.; and
believing it is not only the duty- but the policy of
all civilized Governments todiscountenance every
species of warfare wh.ch, is manifestly calculated
tor mere private plund r, and not for the 'attain-
ment of a nation's glory or :an honorable peae;
and believing that the system of privateermng" is ,
a warfare of that description, and keepiin m iew
Sheexample of the United States of the North, and
Great Britain, the most enlightens land civilized
nations of the earth: :
Therefore, I, Sam. Houston, President of the
Republicaforesaid, by the authority ine vested,
do hereby ordain arid aecl re all such "letters of
marque and reprisal," and all commissions and -
authorities touchlin the same, to be- and the sme
are, hereby suspended; aMd all peisons hold ag or
having received such Letters of marqueand repri-
sals,' or any commission or authority toAching the
same, are hereby commanded and required to return
the same, and report themselves within forty days
trom the date, to the Secreary of the Navy of the
R e public, + -. '. : ..
Rone ar Columbi;, this sixteenth dayof Decem-
ber, 1836, and in the year of the ReP6ttc the first.-
SaIn. Have SaO.
S. Rhodes Fisher, Secretary of the Navy.
December 17, 1836. -
-----vsar Ljkr.^ ~uM rrita.~)^
GEOROIAN OiAc; Savannah,
+- '.J..artry l', i. I.M.
The steam packet Florida, Capt. Hebifyd, arri-
ved this morning from Black Creekj. Pt Capt.
H. wq learn, that on the night of the 9th of this,
month, sixteen negroes belonging to Poweli*' band
were captured, not far from Dade's battle pound..
A bout the 11th, thirty-qix others were captured, in-
cluding Primus, who was sent 9ot by Gen. Clinch,
as a spy, in March of last year. 0.
It is said that Powell is in the Cove, sick. The


troo p, or a part of them-,weretot Omrh on both
sides of the Wythlcoochee, t6 find him, if possi-
ble. "
Accounts from Havana' to 31st u. furnish intel-
ligence of the submissionof Gea. Lra' o and his
troops at St. Jago, to Gov-Tacon. .
Gen. Lorenzo with some few'officers wh% wereC'
the chief instigators of the late distrbaaoe, had
been embarked on ship board.
S VERY LATE FROM MEXICO.
[r the ew Orleans The4mleqa o Jan,. 16.1
IMP1 6TAXT NlWS! -
PROSPECT OF A WA: WIT* MexwoE--flHrnEN-
"DNCAE o CALLFORWLA.
Tfe United States sloop of war Boston, having
on board our Minister a thie Govument of
Mexico, touched at the Bllize on. the .1thintant,
on her way to Pensacola. Gorostiza. had arrived
in the city of Mexico. After his arrival, Judge
EllisdemandedUiS passports, ad left he e'n tie
281h ultimo .. h :
A letter, under date of January S, from Vem
Cruz, states that Califei a lhas declared her inde-
pQndence ofMexico. Busamente was abLut to be
elevated to-the Presidiency, '. ", "
It was not positively known at Vera Cra whe-
ther Santa Anna had been released. Hs return to
Mexico was nxpeeted'to produce a.-tremendous rev-
olution. The strongest pprejwnsioas$rem enter-
tained of war with the United States. Tbe Bo ton
left Vera CruTK. ona the 3d of January.' E'v.-y thing
-wore the indication otapproaching tro :e.
The deserters fremn te U. S. sloopof wpatchez
-while at Tsmpio, have been brought to this port
by the schooner Watchman; nd haveen safely q
lodged in prison, _," .
By the schooner Watchmanjen d.y.&wno Tan%-
pico, we have advises to the 34th tio. Nothing
imrportant. The Tamaulipais Gazette ihe 4th







r, 04* 10 0 4.fl *fi< Ak(YC, .1. ., ,
Cauohlna, (4turlady,9 Jan.y,) mn Mr. ta'Mgi ro
ednlbih on, Uwoig.-af inuiry *9e the canduiAMi
Mr. P. e4 bewas jio one of thoet demaggoguei
whose mouthawje wer pouring_ forithderScaratios o0
their atmcbjAnm to. the People, bu I Ceonfess I am
demoead eough to proclaim our ,ight ia opposi-
tion to the in-iuoufa encroatl-mente of Government,
I avow that I am .fl.-t he .power and the rights of
the P*e being fell praOtVAlly in this Govern.
uhWtt, wbi^ *;hose ( hp are a4,jays declaiming for
.itose rrgs se tojovm- here but to smother and
Vupprttthemn. T'T profesii to be the advocates
of depopdular cause, while they er: all foundar-
Iry& au.i~oe phalanx on the side'of power, paour.
W moi'gieiupon thle Administration.; screen.
ji6 J a justiyUg acts of fraud and Cor ut-
)t dop4 mrg lin s t ChPeople jn their dpad fa r
ryaOfian-verptig n I Though 1h4 paty to
V 1 have tIh e honor of belonging has leen sit .
imatg and tradiced as the enemy of popular
sir. nay atlachm nt to then). I
QW. "d ing devotion ,0 Ithe liberieof my coun.
sA4Mda L1 hlF .yet to live to see the day when the
o r taw'.. People, the rightS ad power c fis
HE oi- 1iaaitnolonge be trampled' under footiybi-
Wa6ii= l toEzxecutive power by those who
-Oae % itnandates, and crowd in eager
rtlky to-tKeglh b rumb- thktahll from tbe-tablc
S *l'rya M4 er.. -........ .
.-Mr. Speaker I Icfanot refrain fiom declfarIn,
th. rfoond astonishmrnt with which I listened to
tBetraordimnary facts related on this floor, by the
Ie ilemna frean T.tnessee (Mr. Peyton) in relation
/ the eleip ring campaign .made by the Pres*
< -t aWKa stm5 mer through the Wostern country.
lWe ,e ha heard that he has been zealously engaged
1I0 thle workof'eorirng a suceessor to hi power
'a .t eUfc'di*5 We head pf -his interference in
.itia. miater, orf' hit hbors and ,undignified speeches
in ithe O0naerpible work of raising into pewer oae'
Mhd lived by fawniag upon hise hand. Mortifying
Mnd di psting as these facts are, not less astonish-
ibf toitappea to oei, when in answer to them
we AaMrd the gentleman from Georgia (Mr. Glai-
6 amd the'gietleman from. lauistana (Mr. Rip-
'ey) ftiae in their seats, and, instead of-offering ape-
logy or denial, exert themselves to juUtif. and vin.*
dicate the iterference. Sir! I well remember the'
." G4qn lter,!'" which indirectly ordered Ihc, Ruck-
d.r.d corV.ent)o n at Baltinore to do the bidding of!
pta.&.., k lnew well that thesuccessorhatid.been
appmnLed, bhu I did not know, I did not believe,
.tcbIAhould ase thLe d&y, when 'a representative of
.a fe but betrayed People would riie in his place
Sin it js oue.,and vindicate such-appointment.
W 1e.,e. iold, in apology for an interference as
ahnconsait *iona[ as it ha been ndiisguised and
IaiqlesiiW that the Presideftt has a right to speak
]6,oWn vopinioh," that he is a free man as *Wefl as
y thur citizeI," "that he is a man who was
never know to h( state ih the frank assertion of
h1.4opini q." &c. The private opinion ofthePre-
-aiden, isa one thing, the public declaration of his
wishes is -another. ,Whenev> r his opinion, what.
vwr it m. ybe, be it private or be it public, is sus-
tained with anf he rower and itifluence of office, is
enforced fAom cabinet ministers d-wn to all he
petty 'oW.4rs of office, is procl'inimd and preached
by meniaf sy iphanis and a subsidizd press, noto-
:'oty- -undier the dictation of-power, then, sir!
lUPrelsidentsi private w-opinion and preference be-
come a kw to a hundred thousand mercenary fol-
oewfS, who6lhe Upon his wil-.
Every pe-ple, from their history and education,
hw a'p"eulixr riterionby which tojudgeof liberty.
Af t E gtaid an idiot or a knave:r may sway the em-
fte byther law of .legitimacy, and the plumes of a
-ttlednob1i f marwave over stars and gaiters, and
yMt the Enlishman may proudly claim to be a
freeman; and why ? Because these things are sus-
tained by the fundamental principles of tl.e Br.tish
Constitution as, part of their authorized and'lawfu
Government. Bt when Cromwell raised his Go-
v-menmt over the ruing of the Briish Constitution,
S,. n: against the fundamnental laws ot the emIpre,
though he added to theglory and the power of the
British name, yet he was a dictator, and the people
were slaves so-long as th y acquiesced in the usur-
paliun. Soit is here. VWe live in a land ofcor-
,ti.utional law, every principle or which suptaiis
O q.lreedomoflthe elective franchise, from the high-
the lIwest. It the gre it priiniple of Ami.-ri-
can Ilfberty be viola ahd defied by Executive dic-
tn, no matter what character is raised up as tne
cessor of power under such a dynasty, *e are
z1"ave eand dastards if we tamely acquiesce. As
"tr as practice d liberty is concerned, there is no d f-
./^reice in effect, as to the people, interested, be-
tween the Governmen', of himii who comes in, tram-
"_pling over the freedom of election through dicta-
-*6 en, bribery, arid fraud, and he who comes into
power waving over the desolated fields of his coun.
tra the bl-ody sword of a cenqueror and usurper.
Aa& to all practical effects, they are the same.
there any man in this House who does not
kno* that the President elect could not have been
chosen bultby the direct influence and interference
of the President ? Lt no man say there is no proof
of this interference. Iuidependent of the facts sta-
led by my friend from Tennessee, (Mr. Peyton) and
the published letters, toasts, &c., of the President
' hilqet1, l will now call the attention of this House
m iad of'this country, to some facts, upon which I
wsu4defyany worn jury of freemen on earth to
bring in a- verdict of" not goil.y." 1 will introduce -
a witness against whom hirelings have poured out
their miligz.ity and calumwy, but whose veracity
Saind private integrity no mar dare impeach. I will
S.give the language of the distinguished Senator from
Tennesee. (Judge -. white ) as at is published in his


speech at Inoxville last summer. WhenthePresi-
dent-*as on a visit toTen., in the summer of 1834,
and "and after the rise of the State convention, ma-
ny members wished to nominate me for the Presi-
dency, but abandoned the.attempt after they un-
derstood that. it would incur the PreSident's displea-
sure. On Mis jowrne to Washington the President
conversed freefy with some of my friends, ano re-
monstrated against any attempt to nominate me;-
said there must be a national convention, and Mr.
Van Buren ought to be nominated for the Presiden-
cy, and Ifob the Vice Presidency, mad, when his
eight yearswere expired, that I was young enough
then to be taken up as President.". *
"After I gave my consent to thu People to run, and
before the meeting of the Bflhimore Convention, I
was repeatedly forewarnmed what I night expect if
my name was not withdrawn,' &c.
Such are the unvarnished facts of the case. And
who is there,bold enotsgh to deny that the President
has interfered'! Sir! the facts are beyond the pos-
sibility of derial,thathe has openly interfered, and
used his power and authority to noahinate his suc-
cessor, and o do-it by barg. ia and arrangement.-
Every paltry intrigue and profligate proposition
have been used and employed toeffect this purpose.
The chief offices of the Republic have been bartered
away, and the President, through the tremendous,
power and patronage of his position, has called upa
betrayed country to receive its rulers from the hands
of a master. ,
[From the Nashville Banner.]
S The King's Cousins.
Even like thosethat are kin to the King: for they ne
ver prick their finger but thty say, There is some of (Ae
Uins'. blood spilt. f;rowcoie that? says he, thattakes
upon him not to coneive : the answer is as ready as a
borrower's cap, lam fhe King'a poor coming, sir."
KfOis HE WT IV.
The" Kings b"tgod" is flowing in streams at
- WVashingtq. Peyton and Wise are in hot pursuit
of the speculators upon, the Treasury, and as often
. as they pinch one of the kn tvcs, he claps his hand
behind, and bawls out, "There is some of the
King's blood spilt." And "theparty" from Maine
to Florida raise their hands and eyes to Heaven at
the outr e inflicted on the King's most sacred ma-
jety! ",oiw comes that?" roars Peyton. 4The,
santwo ifA te a*t fj~enw it-i a Ih.-rwerim ..vcan: We are'f


b~a~reg in oetrsu? Irith been weltlaid;diatno
Brifish Minitry coul4aurviW aweek~wbvouldje.
: fusesucha, invesigation, When was it everobject-
n ed in Pariiaieag that inquiries of a similar character
- -wereintend4:d ti s. o 0e4oyq :Fanouiy Pit, in his most palmy day,
Sposseing the cohfidenee of the King and theNa.
a tion, and at the head of ai commanding and despotic
- majority in the House of Commons, could not,
. 'dared net, shield his friend, Lord Melville, from an
f investigation whictlresulted in his disgrace and re-
. moval froMn office, under -circumstances, we appre.
r hend, more venial than- those which surround some
I of the public fuhctonaries at Washington.. Add
- to'these considerations, that Gen. Jackson came
Into office with the avowed intention of cleansing
the utgean Stables, and that on his going ot .fotf
rice, the represenwativesof the people are denied
even a peep into-hem!. The doors are locked;, and
all admtttance to the people, for the purpose of see-
I ingwhether the stables are really dean, is denied.
'o whatbase usoes" have the party" brought the'
-Old Chief of Tennessee at last!
[From the United States Gazette.]
JUDOG DANA'S SPzcH.--The. folloUwing is the
speech,or part of the speech of Mr.SenatorDana, on
.the expunging resolution: .
6 Andrew Jacksos has no equal; his whole life
isa miracl-. See him in youth, a fatherlesso, riend.-
less, petty less -boy, the son of a foreigner, a stran-
ger in a strange land. Examine him in every stage
of his existence, and we are impelled toexclaim,
wanderfl man! reared by Providence to guide the
destinies of his country, and to exhibit the persec-
tion atid moral grandeur of human naatre. I am'
not- clear, sir, but it wad necessary to the perfection
of his character that he was thus violently assailed
and condem red by this resolution."
'nI said, sir, that Andrew Jpoxksun sood alone.
Where an you find risfellow Look among the
sovereigns of the earth. Look where you will, and
you look in vain. Go to the records of the rutighte
dead, and where will you find his equal ? iShall such
a man stand condemned on the records of thi s ho-
norable Senate, accused and unheard 7 Tell it
not in Oath."
T hlie perfection of General Jacksonts character is
singlariy derived-.ifsecripture is to be depended
on, the general is then only perfct man the world
hasever had-hence the -beautiful' truth of the as-
sertion,d thati the records of the mighty dead yield
no parallel. to ltian.
As a fitting conclusion, take the close of Sensator
pBenton's latest speech op "Expunction,"
Sir," said Mr. Benton, "I think it right, in ap-
proaching the termination of this great question, to
pWr-eatthis faint an-ed rapid sketch of thie brilliant,
aenaficent, and glorious administration -of Presdent
Jackson. It is not for me to attempt to do it jus-
tice it is n; -t for ordinary min to attempt its his-(










to-y HOn moionoli etoteFrifcto i
thy. Hos ra ilitary life, resplendent with d: zzling
events, will demand the pen of a nervous writer;
his civil administration, replete with scenes which
have called into action o t t so many and such variwo
passions of the human heart, and which has given
to native sagacity so many victories -over praoctised
politicians, will require the profound, lumieous and
philosophical-conoep ions of a Livy, a Plutarch, or
a Sallust. This history is not to be written in our
d'ly. The cotemi oraures of sueh events are -not the
hands to describe them. Timne must first do its of-
fice, developenfsequenrces, and canonize ill that
is sacred to honor, patriotism arnd glory. In after
ages the historic genius of our America shall pro-I
duce the writers which the subject demands,-men
tar removed from the contests of this who will
know how to estimate this great epoch, and hiow to
acquire mW, immortality for their own names by
painting, with a master's hand, the immotal events
of the Patriot President's life."1

CONGRESS.--In the Senate, on Xonday, Mr.
Wright, front the Committee on Finance, reported
against the petition from the Board of Trade in
New York, in favor of a U. S. Bank.
On motion of Mr. Benton, the Fortification bill,
the Arnmory bill, and the bill to increase thie Army,
were made the orders of the dtay for Thursday
next.
The Senate then proceeded to the special Order of
the D aty, which was the bill to confine the sale of the,
public lands toactual settlersonly.
Mr. Walker, chairman of the Committee on the
Public Lands, who has charge of the bill expressed
his approbatioSf an amendment offered on Satur- h
day by Mr. Ewing.
Mr.- Tipton then moved an amendment, introdu-
cing the principle of graduation, and providing that
land remaining unsold for ten years should be sold
for one dollar an acre ; -and if remaining for fifteen
years, at seventy-five cents the aere, with a proviso
that, not more than t60 acres be sold to any one 1
man ; on which hp asked the yeas and nays ; and
they were ordered by the Seabte.
Mr. Ewing, thinking this a fit opportunity to go
into the general prineipit 5 of the bill, and the sub-
ject of the public hands generally, adda-essed the
Senate in a speech which, with his consent, was
interrupted by a motion (or adjournment. The
motion, having been suspended for some previous
motion for the printing of documents, prevailed.
The Senate then adjourned.
g In the House of Representatwes the petitions hay.
ing been got through, the Speaker announced that
-the memorial presented by Ma. Cuslhing, respecting
the quarantine and the Sound dues at Elsin-eur, was
in order. -Mr. Adams claimed that the unfinished
business respecting petitions (for abolition of alve-


ry in the District of Columbia) was the proper or-
der. The Speaker decided against him, a debate
ensued. and an anneal from the Chair. The House.


Iftd ttdarat whialt dftt tcat seoffitte
Shall be appointed by the chair, unless otherwise
ndered by the Hguse, and that thda it shitbedoom
bybdlIot. I .
I Mr. Cuttingappealed from the decision of the
Chair, and inquired whether the appeal was de-
bareabl. -. .
The Speaker replied that the question as .de-
bateable.
Mr. Cutting then addressed the House at length,!
in support of his motion and against the decision of
the Speaker. He ins'is that inasmuch at a conm-
petent committ' e, charge with a bank investigA-
tion, had already been raised, this new mutter re-
lating ta the samesubject,.should be referred to that
committee.
In, explanation, the Speaker made a remark
which lead to an unpleasant cliision between him-
self and the gintleman from New York, (Mr.Cutl
Ne Yok (r Ct
f eieion of the Speaker was supported by
Measrs. Andrew, Rugglei, Cash, Roosevelt, and
Chamberlain.
The appeal was sustained by Mr. Cutting,
Bradishb, Robinabn,: T. W. Tucker, and Hackley.
he-questionwas then put, whether the decision
of the Chair should stand as the judgment of the
House, and decided in the affirmative-ayes, 58;
noes, 50.
Mr. Cutting then moved that the committee of
which Mr. King was chairman; should be further
i.atrueted t. inquire into the matters contained in
this resolution.
The Speaker decided that this was the same
question in another form, and therefore out of-
ordler.
Mr. Cutting again-appealed.
A motion was made to adjourn, on which. Mr
King demanded the ayes and noes.
The motion to adjourn was lost-ayes 53, noes
57.
Mr. Cutting then stated the grounds of his op-
peal. .
Mr. Sibley renewed the motion to adjourn.
Mr. Clinch demanded the ayes and noes.
The motion to adjourn prevailed-ayes 57, noes
56.
Adjourned.

[FIor the New-YorkAmeriean.J
ROW TO COOK A LACK FISH.
In my former number I endeavored to impart to
the aspirant after culinary happiness, some idea of
the more striking and ostensible characteristics of
theJndividual Black Fish : the soft, deep, mazy
eye ; the luxurious-and pouting lips; the peculiar
thickness across the. lower dorsal fin; the pomegra-
nate gillsand the blackness of the skin, which should
designate-theobject of his choice.
The scene is in one of our own markets: the con-
tract is closed,; the fish found to weigh four pounds
and a half; scaled; op. ned in front about three
inches; drawn; and cleansed by one, andsee that
it is not more than one, rapid immersion in pure wa,.
ter; and Mr. Fishmonger, not being one of the A[-
derman's Long Island friends, takes me Up incon-
tinently a clumsy sail-needle, and is upon thepoint
of ruining all our hopes, by inserting a tarred string
through the lower j iw. Had he accomplished this,
vain were all our subsequent exertions I Not all the
waters of the multitudinous seas, nor all the spicy
perfumes of Araby the blest," could have remor-
ed, however they might possibly overwhelm, the
effects ofhis incaution. Latterly indeed some of our
marketmen have provided themselves with white
strings purposely for this fish, which is a great ina-
provement upon past usage, but far better is it if
your fi-h can be brought-home without any string,
in a nice napkin, and laid folded in the covering u n-
bruised, tupon your white dresser table, in the light
and cheerful kitchen, where I will now suppose it
to be.
And now, fair ruler of the destinies of dinner,
(for if thou beest a man [Ihave no sympathies to.
wards thee,) smoke-compelling Betty, Mary, or
whatever else may be the happy app llative in
which not only thou but all of us rejoice, thou
hinst lying extended before thee one of the most de-
lic.itely absorbent substances in nature, imbibing
favor from every thing which surrounds it, whether
of adverseor of propitious tendency; subject, as ]
Warren Hastings said of the tenure of the British
possessions in India, alike to the touch of chance,
ar the breath of opinion."
Thou bast it,.my choice Mary The small, deep i
stewpan, with its thin cualender or strainer on which ,
the fish is to be lowered to the bottom, that it may,
when stewed into soft delight, be gently raised a- '
gain without injuring its integrity of form---glows i
with brightness in front of thee Thy vigorous arm i
of mottled red, thy round wrist and small compact
fingers grasp the sharp pointed knife with which
thou followest the rude course of the saw-like wea-
pon ofthe fish d .aler, to complete his endeavor, and
s -tisfy thyself that not one scale remains around
the head, the fins, the tail.
Now tail and fins are nicely shortened in their
termination, not hacked off. A little salt is thrown


over the fish, merely to harden and not salt it, and
it lies two hours for this purpose. It is then scored,


sustained the Chair-145 to 32. that it may not break when it swells, and browned
Mr. Cushing then explained the objects of the wel upon the gridiron : from which it is carefully
memorial,rand in the course of his remarks, com- taken up and laid to repose upon a bed of nicely
plimented Gcneral Talmadge, of this city, for the peeled and very fresh ushrooms, daintily spread
V ~over the strainer.
attention he had paid to this subject whiie in Eu- over the strainer.
rope. The memorial was then referred to the com- While the fish was hardening, Mary has had a
mittee on foreign affAirs. communication from up stairs. An extra bottle'of
Little else of interest occurred. the Chateau of twenty-five had been unavailingly
opened the day before, to tempt a total temperance
L[From the Albany EBening Journal.] friend who bad arrived from the country. Good
LEGISLATURIE orF NE YORK. part of it remains, and at this moment it is decanted
1w S3Nxre-Saturday, Jan. 21. t
IN S RN TcT_-' ... Jan". 2 into the stewpan; the freighted strained descends
Mr. Seger offered the following resolution, which th t ... t t s n .
was passed nto the wine ; and the fish, entirely immersed in
Resolved, That the Committee on Banks be in- the amethystine element, regrets no more its loss of
structed to inquire into the expediency of providing life, of liberty and you;h. A whiteonion or two is
by a general law for the sale of the stock of banks, sliced into rings that fall as decorations over him ;
that may hereafter obe createdu at public auction, and ,,.. ,
9afew berries of pepper thrown in; six cloves; two
for the payment of the premium arising from such a ew berries of throw n sx cloves two
sale into the common school fund, or tor such other blades of mace; an echalot if you think proper;
disposition of such premium as they may think pro- and cayenne or not, according to your taste. The
per, and that said committee report by bill or othet pan then covered, -and a careful, slow, epi-
wisestewpan is then covered,,
The bill authorising the Governor to appoint a curean simmer completed the work.
coroner for the city of New York, having been read j At dinner the best friend you have in the world
the third time, Mr. Talmadge suggested that he is offered, but declines, the head; you refresh your
would piefer that the common council of that city, thoughtswith all thatcan berecollccted of Gall and
they being the immediate representatives of its in- ..
habitants, should have that power, instead of the Spurzheim, and gelatinize your way neatly but
governor, scientifically through bumps, indications and de-
The bill was referred to the Senators from New velopements. -
.York. But my friend Civia, where are we to get mush-


flC54TIIrwt4ivm J..U-WE.
The committee of the %hole, took up the biil
to repeal in part the Restraining Law, together
with. the resolution offered yesterday by Mr.
Loomis.
The question before the committee was, on the
motion to first consider the resolution.
' This motion was put and los w ithouta .count.
The amendment offered by Mr. Tracy to the first
section, then came up for consideration.
Mr. Mack addressed the committee at lengin
- -_ #.- %A m.. _. U ^. _- Ia *


rooms? Beautiful inspiration whom we call wo-'
man, whose smile cain obliterate every disappoint-
ment in life except a bad dinner,
"Quand on n'a pas ce que l'on aime,
II faut aimer ce que l'on a." 9
You will find in article No. 439, Harper's edition of
Kitchiner's Cook'sOracle,the best recipe for making
the double catsup, or, as he calls it, the dog-sup, and
this in vnnr suihtitute Use Luhstiiitutes. Take a hot.


Thee ofket ship pen from Life#pW f boon between 5 and 8 !%7Wock b hit .
$0tkbu.17g Ot ofthHi
4th tlt,, brings us accoumitsree days later than aiclsory of the hard.arestore of Wash & Mal-- o sTh -V.... ., w alab. '..., '2 'C!#.nr,' '-B
before rteeived. They, however, furnish ittl6f f jry, No<-,3 Pearl atree. By the prompt arrival ri oealle. ..';l 1 20 "4 .4WtNrL.. 0 "- ga,.s4
...interest. The lossesof t.. he Frch x'e ;.d.t. o n ..to teho and fire companies at the spot, and a a ri_ iybr1. ..i is a a 2 Madeir,..... l a 2 2 .-3 5il al I
-.est. a -The-ios-~,t othe Frenchn xpedhion to copio-s supply of waser, ,it wasson ex1im.uishc. Rum,.4t-.p i l 0 so Sherty......- 7- a 2 -mol
-es r, it;wasscon expiguishedDo.St.Cr.Sdp.- -9 8 aOSCanary i..... it aI g I*h1- .
consutn-ifaany faith canbe placed in tie,.ofi. bunot before damage had been done tothe-amo.untiDO.W.l .p.- a-,- saarfkeIL.P... --o aXo ES l unberbf- '.
ciaalstatemt which follows from the .loiur- ofthree or four thousand dollars. How the fire DoN.0. Istp-- 1 a --- D.Darso...a--- -- forteft 116the
Snave been nthexag -originate ia a mystery, as none had been used in DoN.En.do.. 46-a-- 45 Slly Mad..-- 85 i- t maod, *itbaahrai. i'c
have~a bv~teen s he arted rthar pcr ionof the buildi.g1f.r soni. time p"re-ous. leer'esswan 1s0 a a 10Do. swet-t;.;.- 4 a'- igh v.n_ i.
The Minister of War yesterday received from -[uoIufd0 0 Olaret cakt.1 sc n a t toeretniyeay
Marshal Clausel the tolowin-l-i-tof casualties iur- -"-; -i.-D... Do Lh .,...It00.a i 0gretcask-.. 4 a 1 -- f n a l w I1 rp eLl.. ; a
ing the expedition to Constatine, certified by Col. J- BEET SUGAR,-A few loaes double refined o.Weel )1i105a I, '-a rt, ga- .. 9 X a 2- and1- lremen M.ceIt-f
rtldb ... ....----r -- .. . th. ......rwnetbd-a0a a I 46o i .Net_44 .
Duvergr, th he.-dofthestaff;--officrs killed and sugar, m f the gar t.a seor rle, st Do0.Iurs I a0..... andBremen .e. -' -- ,70-
missu ,.10;, wounded, 16; non-commissioned offi- received from .FranceT. p .sal by ...T .. Do. Imperial.- 94a 1 00'Iar.Mad...-- ba l4 14. *i 1 .
errsand private kiland isn, 44 ,. Wn -.Greenwic F Rum.country,-- 52 a 06 caalthia...- 30 a 45 ... BAL OF TO T S '-
ce s and privateskil andmissing, ..443; wo .. WhiseyRye- 44 a 46 WOOL-.1. .o share U S Bank ......a ,t4......'.M
ed,a s8&.oo,.C ."iI rTi ir Cdern!,.--47a 449S-4 xnny.fieecee.-.S a* 80 t '. do -
Gonmez in Spain had, as was snrmised in previous dmGo,, 'Jl TErL-1b. 10 Mer.mt...-,50 a-6 do dd..- ...
.. N."- ."G e r m a n... . 1 0Ma- i' fi 8 a 86 u ""
accounts, macie good his escape from his various (WHOLESALE AND CARGO.Q) Geriftf,hoop.ija 13a Common--40 a-. 6 do 0. .*"
ers. .H is a worthy sucessor toZ a ar- --.- .. .-...Spring.... 7 a 7 Pulel.super.-.6 4a0 do- @_..0 ..0.N1 li
ri yers. Hois. worthysuessorr ,WtBKacar- .SES-1OOlbns. i w 4 A... $ Tr.. se,,xe. a-- 8 Do.Nol-. a....-- a- 490 Dlawar e Budo"G"'..s_. -
..,, .ASHto PoteSor-, 7 la -- -- Otter, north.4 -i a6 'A. ..erican..... ja..'D32- 6 io.to..- a- 35 "od d .o....-.......
theppexr kestipo to baffle successfuHy Pots,laso, 7lSb -1 .No.2.....20 3 a-- S do AR-.-...
the disjoited councils ad efforts of the Queen',. Pearl ...I ...7 lA R-121mRackoons- ki Br1i' Mdd.. ...- B a -o o D = 0do 4, ........f
__-:S.. : ARILL A--4on. D o, Detoit...-.-, 95.-a r"3a j do d o .... ... .. --.."...,,.a
ministers and genera!L.. Canar...40-a--- Mkrat ..... 8 a 20 -. rhmnsa.--.a -0.'.- do- d"......*
T Bg gSWLX-lb. Martin,C~an..-- 85 a 1 11- a- ,*., F. d &8,9 .k..........
-Thecondition ofmoney Matters in England was sWhte ia -4 o. -r w t .. I. ^ ovanwhte- 1t a L.vrpol I a. 4-....
still further improved. .Exchequer hills having Yellow...... -27 a-- -2Redox..... .-85a 37/ Do.l w a-- 3a 4. -. d M- "B--- do ..... .M '1d
risen to 18s. premium, being an advance of, 5& in S-o)r i A$i .. 2)a4tto ,N .... t iOt. ...! ... --. kao 2Jpal8.. ,.
of 5s in.rtol pot, ..xri i.- 2 Brazil, whie.-m. '-,--a Tlaxseed. i 7 .....
as manyday. 1 Ncasewine a 860 are, Russ.- a Do.brown....7 sdeo.
,,, .BRXAD--I. Beax Noth.. 1- 50 a .,0W .. .' 4. Naval- stres.. 4 -- ,00dd, .-........... ..
nThere was no materiatchange in the Cotton ot7.......5..e--- DoS.w.. .-5 a 20 1a...a ir -t.....--- S ............
market. Fin.e Navy,.. 61--6BUffalo Robea 4 00 a 6 0 a14 To Havre a 4 o 'a0" Ba ... -,-
SLo avy........ -- 6urSeal a 80 a 16 Couolb).I a... 'l a ...I.- n. ... -
... -arealc p 00- a 18 SUMAC-0on 100 American Tru st W .,
.- LoNPON, Dec. 22. Crackers....- 9a 10 tair do.....-25 a 126 Sici......Am- Ashe ton...8 a 10 do" O........
'Money .firket-Cily, Aduraday venimg.--Thc BRISTLES-4b1. Goa,Germani 5 a T "..1 a 17-_ R-ce.......10 -- 01- .do da..... .. .....
eter o' i t -- 98 a -- a a- .. ... 5 a-- Ite. .. ........ Il do .do,. .,. .
stock market has been in awAuch firmer staUe today DT g'-'' st- a -- 4 uoa ..--t. -o3 Americana...40 a 4 -s1 S 041NS' WAiOei 130 do d dao... --
than at any previous part ofthe *eek, principally O. t dka ,-g a 4.o5a1 8 o Cap k S a e_ 4 TALLOWSlb. it_ saillaItores. 140 -... -IUiaoiaBnk..,,.. ..,,... ....
attributable to the received opinion ,that ample Skoys ...... -7, g 70 a 1 80 adrp a s a 4-3 e ,- 20 ,,- r .- "'-' --.' -."
attrib utable Ao re i a;:::: C -- 11 o asin .. .. 10 -at o a 60 M e ianh att n Ga dr n .... ..
t.. 26- 70 -a ., .0aM a ,ra -iOfa Am erican ..... 11 a -- ul ,W: hies & N n. t. a -- 0 2owe4ry -ws,,w.... .. ,t.4.1
measures have now bees. ken b the Drectors of AmertCn ..- 26 a 6 Calcuta. 33 a- 11 Ltaa ......12a 20 50 .. M anhaujin G
BaNLDeer,oh d- 28 &,-471 0 .0.5, Mhwk& u&
the Bank of England to maintain confidencein the, CTalow -lb idr12,-1 3 umme- a Imperti.2...-- a t0 E.Indies......... S.-ut 1* 20 Mohawk iaHudai K -S
inetropoli; s-weal Dppd...... a- -11 Winter.-..- 16 a 22 HRs, 45 a .-7 XCH&G.* 0- do d.
metaropotaaS-we lasthe piovincea. Coasols-for Dainnd.m1d -12 a.- 18 uminer".:- 2' G unpowder..-- O a 1. S0 South America, .....- ^ 5 do ,
Account opened this morning at 887-8, rose to Sr nm.-... SO a-84 GLASS-AOfeet. -" T.Hyson .. a W'jj llsotnf LoantSOn 4-7. 12 1 I Barlemd VI A... .
891-8,-at wvhich some considerable pureh es were wax...... a 4 Eg, Cr_10xl2 560a .600 I Ski.. a 4 sO.o o a) l. 150 -- .Bdo dor...;,
m ~a(,.,but s subsequently the market receded to COlvreed..- 1a 142 6 251a7 .ottchon..... Ut a .a France.....72-.A 5aF2r e. do do...........
ma bt susequetly 'the makred Coverseed.1- 12a 121 14a22 6 60 a 750 '.7.-00ad oo dold0 2A. .duo 0 d do .
887-8 89, leaving off at these quotations. The COAL- a lAbove 2.,8 N TOTHa Y S..D.7 bbl Haamb g, ... ..-'-S0a doY ..do -..
business i ltoney setok was equal to thrt intime Liverpiool,ch. a 13 25 Lake .untore -I..i.... _t a 7 a6.. -A.on.2l ja80 onigtonRaad ..
.: .. "- ,..h ,,.. .. ..... 2 __ "T~mohy~e i I 0 a 6 50 Byeen .1do-509 A-aIS 560, 8 onrnmonn, roi ..',...'9Ii -4
b a rgain--Redcd conntinues vm dl in t Fo g oayiSlctch.... 00a .0 W4eat I. a --.. I -- ,Botrn, at "sigh...par d 0 -- 'Utica SIti ene.dy a ,
.nd the Three and alal per"ents,. to 96 1.2 Sidn y&Brid i 00 a _x4a2l a 4 Bock,.....- 14 a 4 -- ild'a dGoa .6..pa a de Long land Raroad ...... .w .
d t 5, a.Albion.... -- t.w 00 2xial4x2l.. 4 75 a 6 00 Do. -E. I nd a,- a 26 Bal moe..-do. .pr a 1 di do d. .. .
The large and small E*hequer Bills have each Vinr'inia..' 600 a 800 i 3x20at24x3.- 0. 6-a 6 6)-00 dl n.00.5 a a .2. o Ri!io..do.. a. 10 6 d .... ... ,
reached s18 premium; and'ndiah thBonds Us rem. Anthr, 2rx.lb.10 00 a S00 N.Y .. Cyl.x 2 7 6a -- TsAi. !CO-lb. -R na.ao...ra.wa- 2 2 ...C C a-2.-,dia Mr A.
20e 1-2 o Gr, e- -y CaO cOOAs b. a 1 8x6 a14..2 276 a 30 -. hd&pab S, a 9 MCharlesnan. ,- a a IdiI IL
B,k StockHIs aag in -a trifle Nthighroing an r.....2:--3S 11Z!6- ,- a-- 9" P c CuronA o Skitnin dts Hk of Ne Y r e tw.- e -n ar l
8 111" :ti t 1 6a -- 1 6- N C a ,o li, ,a ..i cll ia 7 8 a v' a n n a h a o.. ,2 a S 1.
2012.Triia,idad....-a 9GIAfuhc Kentucky._._ 7 as- 9 N.Orleans..do. .3 8a4 die
The apeculation continues very dull in the Fo-- Guayaquil.. --7a --8 rWheeat, Nr.-- a--- Cuba.... -.14 a -- ,22 .r an Go ..6 a pm



wrdso m~.. a- -" ................ a Par -3 E^ ... 750 S Do Ge- NEW ..... OR MneRiETS-Jntm ^. o d tpat l0mfite "e di .- g^ ^ ,.i-
reign ket. An improvement of 1- -2 per cent7a- S Do. Geesee.- -ar rSt.Domingo..- 14 a 20 Do. new coln..- ..... ...par. Fomieatn .o .,hej i
vhas taken placeint F.rn8h-,Fouk ce ...... at 1.9, Domingo 6ja Of Do.Virgnn. -- -- -- M an"'. No. 1-. la-Ite ate o 1, a!P 17... Pte gI T. [yt O 'I1' .




The e ce" s 7&. 20.a.-. .., Exchan e on London, Amrlican ..._ -10 ll *sl .. .s -,al5S -u. an-,, ad a uc .o 1 172 cents, uese g ers s.o win an rfi .ntnm ...... -,d' .... Ch ..t_ :-tot.
eohne beingh p ient 5t.3l-cdtomC0,-b "Ds,. N. C.- ~ -- Do.-1No.9 N.... Ilia 14 e Soverine...i 4 4A 4tbO -W a-YOr m .,
e ..ch..nbngive nnI .y.M"h 14a Rye, a N. 5 Zeclni- Do. No 3..... o2ja 14 Heavya easa.6- 06p0 508 -SECOND SEbh UM w.--.
.ePchaid, Dec. 13. a a--C 3 ail. -a L oheadies Tw t- 19 a 22 spanish -olse.- S a 4 pmT -
xchange.-The exchae h id come from Loe- Porto Ri.. 12 A 18 Do. w ht ed. - Cavendish. A a, l40 a 'rolu. u .do."- 3a 4 pm P iete -.ncu.-,
Laruirse..... 12 a 121 Do, South do. 1 25.a 1 27 TORTOISE SAEL S rm exicaa.do. par a P M-1 p r. Pattn, froente4ca t
don at 2 85c., as by te twofelast posts. 4dTic ,u1a....- ia- 1Barey, N. R. I 6ja I1,ij-T ,e .. 4 er tce Hos r
.. ... ........-- IIa- I Tortoj e ShpjI-7 a 9 ~ e I r. p1`668s-94 95cts '-r Rzt siX~ rvA.
course on London has notaltered but it is more lBrazila......- i6a 1I, Oats, N. & R.-. 70 a TNlb. saesone. fro a 167o Camb ng, ro the a 9 R17




.. ... Boed whmocniis ob ofrd rel ragi pln....... 15a -- 'i _^" t. -.& .- 44 a .-- 45 caW-NE 4" -t --ivd ha.e been made .... "40, on 'ie son. Conr-e Rg^o & g. t&Q ,ottwe
a frl~e dclne f -21 cld er b.Th bt-^ ^N B6GNO7dfistT's- IN ZB' lb.- Mr.o TOfieglo amugo h StatbelS ofro the Cnon W*
easily passed at three day' sight than atotherdaties, St Domingo .'- oa 1- 1. Beans, pr.tc. 16B- a 2-- eine..- oa-s BDorPatnot.. 76'a f16-het"i
TheP course aon Germ 6y0,i p ls ery teady, particu. ,e 2 es 12 ary a "." 7 e and Means, reported a bill lbordhe relief .
ay 1HAmnuriand 5ranft ahind100 n rDOMESTIC 27. u ce. -aaacao..m. Hickey, of New York; read twite and'RKEN .
larly Hamburg and Faw Nothing doing B azers....i 30 a -- G al .t NPOWDER- ib. rom the Price ,Currentc4-hippng L .t. rt eambrs gmd theSami i
bullion and specie, which frb rather looking down- Pi-a..........a American ..... 62 6 aNE YR7 5,R-T s.'-a 2. -Mor. thatthe C romm tehbesdi
wards. IV Tlh d .... 2s 1s a 0 Enlb .-...... 3 50 a 6 N6 .. I IEW YORK WARK T1,%-Jan.1W. movmd that theo tCommhttee-e mi sdimon of -a o
d P DBoe.2....... 00 a. l30 HvEP.-ton. SAshes-The tranPn Detions in Pot Ashes singe our further consideration of ihe mewmi
at2 3d70 owd 14aSee'B4.4-lla- s o.co a1 last have beenSextresmel limited at p7,12r 12iwhintheYork Board of Trade,spraytng f4
Five per cents,115t 80 Four perceots,99. 20c. Foreign......- 8 a -10 Manilla. 66.. a lat-. h1- t eEnin1atr of Ba. a th o1t* 6 onlh.
Three per cents 79r 20 Exchang, s on ondon American -10 1 "Sisal... a1 -is an advance of 12 2 cens purch. sera shov)wi meri ota Nationf Bank, a
.... cav --e -.c.... .hod ers on "L ondon Amrfancy 10- 9 a 11'Sia.wede.... 160 a. 5 i t C ar t r O w i iMMi O ,
o, 3t c? dBale Rope" -- _iij. dew rt.I30--atl4- very little will, gress to operate at that rate, and the table-; agreed toa, sm. ....
one mu th, paptr, 25. -2c ditto, money, 2. CORKS-lb. holdea o declinig to accept a lower.. There have Several arivata bill xtn Te ...
37 ice. Velvet.-.40 a -1'0 Rio G. & 7A0 14 at-- 1n m e fwuer sJalies5 of P re t pt w
o dabeen 8onie-ntew rtho sales of Pe.rt"a t for Several ibis frow the Bqna.7 u~."d re'.
,-, ~Li POOL I iy, Dec. 53. Common .... --25 a -- 3_,.B.az ..._~-- 9 a--lot -e now...,'...- f. r ,. 'i m ; mr L
Cotton.-The market has continued ste idy Phlal ........ 6 a t2 Do. wets-alted--, i this dtscriptaon also advancti rates ar now i erred; "
C, 0'TOX--lb. Ornoco....... a -- 141 ed upon. Export from lit to-19th inst.-Pots, 624 Mr. Patton, from the Co.nQ e0*Wthd4Lbnry,
through thehweek, .w-ii regular demand from New Orleans -- h16a.--1, W.I.-&Sot'n--l0la-- 12d reprtedt: ........ a'








ver imcnvt tal, tef counun tobe o Ne w DOrle.14an 18- 15ai W. JUIPER o~n 1 BRIES hibls. eaoteotnrls 7 desno.nfltrcrha e Oportexy,tb jbt bord luioto-sudic6trt
the trade, woho havebtUifreely at- 18d to l. d AlabaNma.... 1-a 3 I $8.A.H.pte.. 190a ,3-- bee ained-,: ,e sa..les ou.r ia. from a, ptoat o-ne-hs; MlWetat Aof
advaneeon Surat, and f prics for all kids save Florida..,... 1 17 HONEY-ga. araoe sma sales o Tenere, rom a cha ot le man ipi of l te.
ae eBowed, bwhh. otni to bee.offrered-eel a Upland...- I a 17 Havana.....- 44 a- .. carol jutstearrived, have been made at $40. on time.- son, .ommit'ed to .'C tee. i a h
as, uther decine no -ller 1 4w pearg lb. 4h cetTennese.. a hOe$-lb. tt lee--A 0 ale of 1000 five gallon Hamburg on the State of the Unioi.
afuther declineofe.4ta 4d perl. c Theon toe- COtTON .GG -yd. First por 5- 1 9a'. -j 10-,D68n walsmaexpotfroc1tt 1t aon tm. Mr. e r en.e.edian. o .-..-..y to..
mer quairles ofr the. Biiat aucionbrought vryHmp ...... -19 a 28 HORNS-per too lbs. Dmioswasdat6 9c ntotime. .tr e ,
good prices, whilst common and ordinary o at Flax ...... 1ca 19 OxSLCow... 3 a 15 offee-Th market-or Coffee continues a- tke thefLrstop ity .t ua tB.&W
corresponding low rat-gaThe Da merarasand4 Do. American--21 a 24 INDIGO-lb. very-heavystate, although in the limited operations a-bil to securethe fresdom of electiW
corepo dig"ow r e. -The" D|APntS---piend.Bengal ....... 1 2 a 5 ,'PRS Pec .jOi go n 0 DI. .. "ai tb" a b"p rci edTh ou e.t en"o se o=he .... 04R
Berbace at moderate press. Speculators h ve t Russia broad 2 a S2 12f Manila ...... -o 80 a 1 g g n, o aerial vartn can be perched The Housethen to th o
ken 1000 American, 5fe Surat, and 100 Bengal, DOMESTIC GOODS. Caraccas.... 2.. 1 1 40 i Geonly ales we have to notice are about 500 bags Miea higan. .. -1 -
and exporters 160 Ante- .an, 200 Bengal, and 100 Shirtgbwn, I--Sa- 9 Guatemala.....1 a 1 so Brrazil at 1 a 11 1-2, inclUdigsome oedinaryat The House resutAned thae osmderati. #a *bill
Surat. The imprt ths.eekis 14.184a bits, and "- DrgnB--bwn,-- a 1 I W 0ON.-ton, 10 1-2; 100 ordinary Cuba, 11 ; and about 400 from the Senate for the admission ofl W of
uhe sales reach !,31 souh s, vr .-30- o Se i a Is,n ----b4a..- 10 a 1 2 PA N. &9' a 00 -- bags Laguira at 12 cents. Michigan into the Uliopoe1 ana wit"a
at 21 af32d-; Stained dti. ; 7-000 Bowed ut 7 1-4 a Sheet'g,b n.4.4- 11 a 1-' Do. com.-' a Co-per--Sales of Sheathing Copper continue theorignalStates. "
ild; 4300 N. Orleans atV c 11 1-2;-600 Alanhan, -vD. lo 5-4-1 a- -is Bar l.....- a very i dttrmer rtes: a further leof Old, Mr. Vanderpioelwrowas'tentif"led W t-Bpoftr,.
81128t341 Bleached 4.4-10 a -_,i rolled...10 al- amottting to 2000 is. has been nde at 22 1-2 ets, rose and addressed the'Houste, ait CgO"MtLag1, in
&. at 8a 10 1-I H;380 dernain wo Rcat 1 e0 3-4a 13. Do. 5.4.- 1 16 RUS.0. S....110 a842 3 ,.sh. su port Of th bill. .b 6 P '-
CornM arket- In bo.o d Grain no recent ope- Calicosi. yd- 10 a 14 N. 8......1,02 50 a 35- ., .. .v ae an h .. yp 1 a .- 9; .e N0.
rations have taken placethe holder remaining firi -i-Sfancy..- 2 a 20 Swedes... 100 a102 -50 Cotton-Te transact In otton market Mr. Stoer Uhio, owsd o i b
ucwat nd the full'rates ~t nd. Of Eurtpean rour -Plaids..... 10 a 12 Eng.com 97 60 aIO have continued to a fair extent. The stocks are bill. i- -l,-i.










atS oT b the.-yr^ ^^^ fulle rato staain-sh There Ofe~e Euopa lour. r n^r~T
Sneripe.R 10 a 12 Do. do. rgoo 112 56 asIt 00n -" becoming more reduced than for sonme time prevf- The debate was. Wild i p rogiresc W1an die
tinder lok, nbout 200 have changed hands at Fuatians...'.-- 1 a 20 Sheet, Eg.A. 7a
former prices. Satiet 40 a 1650 Hoops. 6 60 a 7 00 ously, at'a 6n the finer qualities, which are core patch was closed at half past
[Fsroma the godod.N. ,..Brazi e C.. reent iDee..2.]. Checks, 4-4..... 11 a 0 S IVEY. -fb. quentnlygrowing scarce an advance of 14 a 1 a te o iAr
Ct. Yrin',6.a0- a -0 Ivory, prlm, 1 00 a 1 60 cent per lb has in, mt in-.stan es berm a1e DIU,,
Foreign Sugars of al/Jescreptions have bee in a Do. No.11la Is- a 3 Ub 6 t'while for the commoner descriptioits fn-ll pr shave Of; apoplexy, f.t board r b usea e- as
very in ctveittate, thede continuing to beno re.- Do. No.414 a 18- -A 32 JUNIPER BERRIES. a ae ic. u at,,iiumru-, _we era ilaieA t,
quest f..~ zi o r.w_:2 l av.i....and'~r wd. th demand Do.'No.19.. a 4 JuniperBer. .lb. l a been obtained: the ualessince our last publication from obi to M o mm ,.- = A W,,j- h
.o. Ir _'- .ated Satinet Warp-- 61a Lead-lb. have included500 balesUpland at 15-a 17 1 2; 500 17th ultimo 1iras C "for-
has subsided, but at thej-duced,.fferumadeof lsea _Aloes, Cape..- Ba- So- liar ...- -.a--.d--- a-a 7 1. .2 eets ,h. Tuih O, 0meta s enoseg. Ly v .a ... 'n~Wj s.i

Bai hav-_ri__ ped._ .......ii is rahrcepr Annato -. So a -- -- Old ....... Sfa -- 6 est rates continue to be realized on~ly on time. The Dr. N. H. Dernny, aged twim x w ,.,' .
is3dhasm beenaraccepted furn ae tsarprcne-papcr, Antitmony, Cr."- 6la --" 711 LEATHER--lb. arrivals have been, from Mob~ie.56-5, S. -Caroliwi A t Le laystilie, on the 19t i9,q
hove I s Od e aviy.. a t, i, .'o f h l Atern-r.- 1,8p. 19s SAeo,,,,.,-.ft .... -- 663; total .268 balea. Total import since 1st inst. tn, John, S. son of Ohiv a -Q
--F--_ --Bal Capiv- S7a Damaged- 14 a 378 bales-export from let to 19th instant, 6140 be Raysv|le, Jdifrson co ntyire8 .-m
Coffe--F~rom die, sppers there cob~tinues to- be Aaunia -1'.- 1 D o. Helck-2 a 2.. .10 368 ny, )
-e i--:- -"= L,:P _. Bal. Tolu .....-45 a -- 6o 1~orvrdo..-- 7 a-- t0 bales. "-. "10 months '26 day '.






]30 p ^ ll ra r ~ B ri'to e ol 2 a -- = i D res ups~id .-- 95 .a Sp "". .. .
much.inquiry afte the porterit -ion ofhast isneroll- 10 s-.24 ..eut- 4p l- 9f a00 Domestic Goods--No. variatMn to notice. E S...,- o --. .
India, but thesupplyat.waaketenmmehrIfoa~- l-. mrtd l-a 5 .-" Og t cortining tort1Do.h r..ua Slt ie Undrst do,- -- 26' gF.KT.Y~PRT'J IINx']~ ..N
and the holders demanding an advance of s and Do. crude.ton 27-.. a -- _8 bU MDIZR~-Yard prioew. *3 o t, frmltt 9hmtu~Cto .od 274 cit Inepearxa"
....rvete.uc.bspes fo 300. bas' amphr. crndo- 40 a -4,2 Boards:,M ft.22 -- a 26- packages. an the W41#1F ernlngomaw i _ay
._ra, 40 has_ been:. pai for ..... uay at.......ker Do..ref. ib..'..--6 a-- 68 _o.Eht Pmne2o a2- Drugsand Dyes--We-notice~sales of 5000 lbs. 25 wbmen, 45boy, anid4.jg rli. it'l
areu ready buyes ndfe se-m llers;'t of goodmer Cantiardaes.-. 1 lzja --2,0 Do. Albanydo-- 22 a -- 22 Red Ar~iols at 7 1-2 cents, 4. moe; -40 casks good: age of'i yeartaid amlag; Ii btween d 3;f lbetwsml
arcreay uyesan fw slles Ceylon orodCoihineal 1 60 a- 1 80 Plank, Geo. .'26 a Du...tch Obro.. Madder. lcnt..... mo" 25 ceon andi i1-betweeo5 end4 10;-4 between 10 _aad9,. 1
at C ppras.... a 2 Gr~~sW.O l 0 -- et en oan 30,. 0 between 30 ad4 ~ g m 4
eruailyatyt ifm"s much wanted at 48., but the holders een,-otk est u4sa0.S.Dm" ra Tata- 1" -1,, as _.p0- 5Head' .O4- -- first, quality Cohnat$1,77, on. time, which is,_ 50:. 4between.60-and 60;' 7 bwe~een l.ad;a a 4bat e l, Iwee
_rlyrfs otk less...... 49a0. S.'..inn Dragons'BI'd--36 a" I- a' pO-.6- an advance on former rates;, trifing parcels offirs, 70 and a0;lI btween 80an~d 6, ndl~~UhboeadsoOS.
gohas been sought after at-48 for fair quahily, be- Es. Bergamnot 2 40. 2 50 hhd. 50 8 60 dality I infanru 3; osmpo a I autin awl. I--~o t
mng no sellers within 2s of that price, no business Es.-.Lemon,.. 1 70,a 1 80 b bIo.. .2--a ., -- Clak toraOil at 61,0 ; n a -ma lo of tnmanltus;cApnpumr.1; asthma ; alt'4les;cofler
has taken place; Havana and Poto Rico remain as Ginsen.- "- a-4- R0" "" -- 8- Flk"an at "~ stoma, I; ciopor hive 6edebiltty,&Aiars.1rep
...... ... Gum Arabic -- 20 a -- 40 Hoops.....o O-- a ss -- Duok-o arrlvaLs of late, and. light and heavy 2; drnopa in the head_ 6; fever bilous i (, .
Last quoted, and nothing h been done; Brazi is -Shellac..-- 25 a -- SI Scant'lg, Pin 20 -- a, 25 --, Ravens' are scarce. fever puerperal I; fever searlet i7;fel' ;is
mUCh wanted,.the best qi~atities-in particular, but -.-Copa], sc 24 a -- 28 Do Oak 3O -- t Fish--We continue wilhoiit any transactions of nlammation i; Infhammalor, of dhe bow~lkt .mladom~i
.wngtO the seanty supply at market, the sales --ejai-SO. Tme, a, 2 -6lng 0-le enra1; uaaImS laee
bave been confined to 1,000 bags good ord at 47sa -. nea..-2a-24D e.Y.- 28a-3 nee+ osaei Fih.Thtehae ee no a. o. the a. ,Igj
48 ". ., -. I pecacuana.. 9 a 1 ShmngleserCy. 4 a 10- vats for a number ofdc. ys past. -. 1mrticunt. old age 5;. organic dataem of s1 haeu I;.
8, but it is now impossible to purchase under 4Ss Jalaproot ....- 3 3a 34 _MA HOGAN.Y--fooz. Flax--The quantity ini market is small: Amieri- -small pox 1: teething 6; whoopingco ; ,
49.s,; all the good ord Brazil has for the present, been Lac .Dye.,.- a -" 30 St. Doningo .-- 12 a -- can is worth 10, and Russia 11 cents per lb.- Orihe ablveethere were from" th-s Ahai ibus.. from
withdrawn from the market, the holders not being Licor... ...., 12- a ... 1 ..ond......... 6 a -- 19 ..e .. evue H~osptalJ 9; from Chy Hoapetal 2- eslewd perry
inln_ osela the,:pc... n. rae;.oh Maddr, Ombr-- 7ja -- 12 MOLASSES-g al ,. Flaxsetd-Pvices continue ...rapidly to decline: .. i iisll. and Irom" Cityl Pr'son 0_1.... .
mt:J,. to. l a te p set rtes Mohare- Mania, flake-- 02.a 1 05 N. Orleans...-- 43. a- 46 a sale of 200 casks Clean was made on Monday at 1P]aces of Nativity if tbe doce~aed : United I~l tn. 115:


ma~ins dulli. Manna, sorts.- 35 a 45 P.KR.IhSt.C...- 44 a8- f -Iwhich'
*,as A M eere. -- s5 a ~- 46 ?. it. i st ~ .... a -- 46 12 50, which i $1 50 lower than the previous Ireland, 256 Eu0land, 2;Scotland, ; .rs5 oe w ta hanpyu
Cot ton-At length some improvement has taken Nutgallas.....-25 a 80 Eng. Islands.- 40 a -- 42 s a.0 s 5 l rSwedrn,0; Spain 0; unknown I0-1a,..2, .e a. 1
Oiin the demand, principally for shippin ,. A ll Oi Vitriol....- 44a -- i'rinidad,_C..- 40 a 42 ,sale..- 4o r BZ[ KSL5,
p.cinthe demand principally for shipping. All Casaor.gal. 1 50 a- 1 6 ,art. & Ganu. 32 6 Flour and Meal-The market for every tescrip- C Inh&tor'tice,..,,n. 21.1 '
descriptions ot Fish Oils arc in a dull state; in Lin- Oi'Peppermant4 a 4 2 Uav. &Mnrt..- a lion of Wheat Flour continues remarkably heavy, -, -
seed there has been rather more business doing on Opium, Turk. 4 a 4 121 MUSTARD.- and although holders of Western continue to insist ,E G "
the s ot at 35s 6da26s. The public sale of 1 ree-Egyptian -.a3 26 English. lb..- agon t- 26SB nia fm
to Rose oz -- -- a 600 Do btdoz-- 90O a 1 15 upon former prices, for trifling parcels only as nm- In the packet ship PnR y a, from L pool
Trade concluded this day, _and throughout have Quick4ilver..- 85 a 871 imerican, lb.- 20 a 30 mediately required cain they be obtained. ,We con- -W B Becher, CWDj.iyon, W Whitaright.
gone off v, ith more spirit than has been the case of Rhubarb, E.I.-- 20 a 60 )o. bat.doz. 75 a 1 2 tinue former quotations. The sales of Southern in- Jr. R I Montant; H G Gr'bb. S M Chaters,.-
late, particularly Hysons, fine Congous and B-hea. Sgo. Pearl..- 6 a 7 NAILS-lb- de Georgetown at $1175, Alandr. $1 50; FitzgeraldI. S-t "-. -
H A YR D e c 1 8 S a l m nra t u s . a 9 u t 4 d a 4 0 d 6 f a 7 c- e .ro w t 1 7 5 .. .,A n d, .pe. ... 5 0; F i t z g e r. l d, DsuL a r t Escd e.toe o o or
.... Sara'a, Hon..- 14t .- 25 d... S -- 8 aid (10 barrels R.chmond City Mills, Gallego, at. D N Pope, W Owen, E Latder, -WIiamaog,
Cottons-The arrivals have been 4381 bales, ,nd Senna,Alex..- 25 a 35 2d......- 9 a $12, 60days; Small sales of Scratchud Western A Casselli, FE Field, J I COrner, Taylor, i
the sales 1843 bales. The close of one year, and E.India 9 a ll Jvrought..._-- 11a-- 16 have been made at $11 37 1-2. The#eis butliutle Dwyer. -
the commencement of another, always places the Sugaof Lea a -" 0 aNAVAL STORES-y Ohio remain inmarket. Rye Flour re- I he hip Chareman, from aw-Mr
mar et ma ta e o u eerai ry, ma aai a im bsi- Sulph quiiio 1 45 a 1 so rar .........2 25 a 2 371, if ally Ohio e ani gi ar e. R e Flour.re- Iii thi s hip Charlieme g f-n e s M
blmarketin asvetateofuneertainty. making itimpbsi-. Tart Acid, "- 38 a 40 Pitch ......... a 2 26 mains vtry scarce. In Corn Meal there is nova. Boiceau and lady, of NYorik W-ErswA4ford,of
ble to gve a positive quotation of p ices. Verdlgris....- 20 a 21 Rosin.... ... 87 a raiion to notice: saes of hhds. at 22 0 a $23. do; DrJSCnrpenter, ofPhlad;'MrJDMwioc, of
Vitri.., Blue 1 "urp'tine wil..4.. a E.
Ta PILOTS.-It is statedin the Express of this' DUCK- )o North Co..350 a Export from 1st to 19th inst., Wheat Flour, 137 Boston Mr F W S Cool dge, f .
-.-*"U -t,." ""aDuck, X.U.p. 16 0 a'17 00 Sp.Turp. gal -. oa 60 barrels. In the brig Ho.aduras'sailedyet nly'ftr Tarn.
morning, that the brig New Grenada, from Car- Konoploff.... 15 25 a 15 59 OILS- Fruit-The market for Malaga tRaisins eon- pa Bay, Florida-Capt H S Mallry, i com ad
hagena, "anchored i the Lower Harbors Do.3dqual 14 00 a 14 50 Florencebx.. -a 5 tinues to wear an improving eppeararnce. A sale of118 U S recruit.
ago as Friday, last. Signals for a Pilot wr, long Do. inter ior 12 60 'a 3- lich, 13brl.3 12a 4 25 of 200 boxes very prime Bunch, Crooke brand, has in the bri Tybee, from Saysaura Me
,tPilot were ung German 10 a Olive, gal.....-1 7a 1 8 .
O.t unt;il the fooing Moay_. No Pt a. Raens.......6 75 a 8 25 Palm, lb.....- a- 9j been made at $1,87 1-2: salts also of 200 halt Kinley, White, Read, Lafritip and. tie.
-out until the following Monday. No Pilots ap- Holland,A.A.25 a 26 Linseed, Am.--98 a-.-- boxes good at $1,08; 200 qr. do,. 75 cents; and 70 ''
feared, and the New Grrnada came inside the Bar, Amer.allflax.- a Do english ..l 1 031 fails soft shell Spanish Almonds, 9 cents. The .. THEODORE POSTE, _"s g 'uiMa- w lam a
Joy's, No 1..t -- a14. 5CDoDutch. I -'a I Q3 -W
without a Pilot, on Monday.- The brig was very Paterson, 1..16 a 12 Whale .....- 48 a 49 receiptsof Tui key Figs this season havebeen unu. notmncing that he has made arrat4iwemnt.sl r-b
Do. Cotton 1..- 28 a 41 Sperm, sum'r-- 49 a 90 usually light, and, there is none now remaining irm,elicauon In this city, of .
near being driven ashore in the late storm; she DYE WOODS-ton., Do. winter... 1.00 a 1 0.. first hands. N 'r L on erodial ".on celea.u fo .S an .-
lost one of her cables and an anchor, and was only Brszileto....- a 35 Liver. Straits.- a Gr-un-T-he sales of Foreign Wheat since our aLndon-period,:longeela, 4a a
position Camwood....68 a 70 Do. Sh &. B8k.IS a 23w,-- r rth hichhas benlV U At." bmbs-
enabled to maintain her position by means of new Fustic, Cuba, 23 NABURGS- .yd. last have included 4,000 btthels handsdne Re be under the management
and strong cables and anchors. Many vessds Tampico do. 19 a 20 osnaburghs. 7a e German at 2,12 1-2, equal to cash-d 6,000 do. DORa HOOK, an- bids f.air t U' rhlt 1.
:_ ac.. ... .. "y Savanila, do. 17 a 20 PAINTS-lb White Dntzic, 2,21-2 cash;- and a pa:rcelof 700 least toequal all its cempsIilt ae q ,.
were in the same situation at the same time. Cartnhagena and Lead, red Am- 9 a 91 .buvhelsdoat" the sz lai.a.t. h m-a.rket -iL.d tlality of its content... .
Longer endurance under such circumstances ce.ses Maracaibo, 14- a 16 Wh.D Eng- bushels do. aa- the same .ate. The market rema THE AMEIUAN DITION O NEW
to be a virtue, and in the name of the two hundred Log Camn ....33 S- a 35 Do'.g'd6iL..14- a 1560 bare of all kinds of Rye. The parcel of 2,000 MONTHLY MAGA.INENedke., b, yb eso k KM.
ad sa r ificed up our coat, as f t'h e Do. St. Dom..25 50 a 26 Do. Am. do lb.- 10 a 12 bushels N orth Carolina Corn,before noticed, ha- will commence with the numib e" fe aeaIary, W 7, arl
lad sacriced upon our coast, as well as for the Do.Honduias:7 a 27 Ochre,yel.dry- 21a 6# been sold at $1,27 for 56 lbs. which ainclears the Flllc0 m -i,
multitude of the living, whose lives are hourly en- Do..ramaica.Z2 a 23 Do.g'd Oil...- a 6 .. H ,URNE APB, by6 itn, tor.
angered, we demand immdiae reformation. The NicarBo.3 -a37- Sp.bwndry.- 50 market ot every description. The price of Oats is Among the uner,.us other disjhw
dangered, we demand immediate refoirrmadon. The .Nicar Be..... 35--a47 Sp. bw~n, dry. 4 a 1 500 ..Y -P g..mL .r .m_ it .i .ME mt
pubic" demand it and will have it." Do. Coro.....37- a 40 Varnish, gal.- 22 a 37j fuliy maintained. this popular Miscellsny, tha efollowiUl a. :-
puli dean i, and illhav i,",
'n Do. Hache .48 00 a 61 Vermilion, lb. 1 05 a 1 10 Hemp-There is more inquiry for Russia Clean, The Author oF"Tremaine" Leigh it, Rin ;
.Lima..... .67 a 70 Lihaige, fine..-9 -a 9 50 which i now held at 200.t The Authorsof "The Rs- Dols Jrres..q ,
STOCKS.- Our table of the prices of stocks is eor- Sapan Wood.40 a 4a Do coarse.... 7 a -- wh.c. -s .. e .. ,. jcted.Addesea l h3ls .
reacted by the last sales. The changes since its last FEATHERS-lb. 'Whiting, Eng- a -- Indulgo-W-e notice a sale of 11 cases fair quality Barry Cornwall Mss Miit.,rd
publication, week ao. are so -reat that it i wrth Foreign.. .....-10 a 26 Do; Amer....- 00 a 1 Manilla at $1,17 1-2, 6 mos. HaynesBayJy,esq Sir tharle's Xwn
I.. American.....- 44 a 53 Chalk, ton....4 253 a 4 60 Molasses-No stock ofconsequence in firsthands S Beasley, esq 61 Th lI ea MM NoninB
while to put both prices down side by side, taking FISH- PLASTER OF PARIS- N aSr-. d f. r Tpt i Laman Blancued, esq l Peake,,ef
the lower prices under both dates. We omit those Cod, dry, cwt. 3 2ja 3 75 Plaster Paris, 4- --a Nval Stores- he demand fr Turpentine j RBa M eq JRla e,
which havefluctua ed least. and among such are .ill Do. sc'd, cwt. 2 "5 a 2 371 PORTER & CIDER, quite limited, and we have heard of no sales. No Thomas Campbeil, eeq Jon tt1 Aether of
the Insurance 'Co'ls. Do.apick'd,bbl 6 a 7 Porter.Lon,.. 2 50 a 2 7o arrivals since our last, and the stock is essentially Crofton Croker, oaq "PBu4 ty .
SJa Salmon, 17 00 a 21 Do. Amer.....1 75 2- reduced. Sales of Rrosin in a simall-way at i1,81a 'reB sehsq .Aeass ee elf leq
Jan. 16. Jan. 23. Do. sm'kd, lb.- a Cider, dr'ght.. 1 75 a 10 1,871; and ... Z ..n.. beneer Eltlot (the Coml.Ve ti 4Wh tam-
United States Bank, 1151.4 1197.8 Mackerel,bbl.10 a .-- Do. bot bxdoz 2 a 2 60 1,87'; and SpiritsTurpentineat Ocents. L .LawRhynar) .i.4Bla" -c
Rank of New Vrk,. 123 132 Do. No. 2, 9 a -- PROVISIONS-brl. Oils-A sale of 25 qr casks Olive has. been made Mrasore Le."
Manhatta n Co. 129 3-4 .-^2 Do. No.3, ".6 a 6 25 Beef, mesCity 12 00 a S s50 at some reduction from f-6rmer pries, the particu- Tc Grattahes, eq Lh ?nP 1 R .
Mviannattan Co., 123 9-4 131 1-2 Shad,Ct.No.l 15 a 15 63 Prime,city..7 90 a 8 60 i,= .:. .. ..... ... -nhii. A ,aimTt- MrSC Hall Aadithe i tor *
Mechanics Bank. 135 1-2 139 Do. B'-ort...- a 11 50 Car.ot... a .-- 0 la of which are not made public. A parcel of6U Ben-on Hill. eaq .
Do 'or.. -l 0 Cargo .... 600 a -- I-. .- .














jugs, MtW~tbtb teth lip our nd6 nwoud
a ^B. t n M SS Br10 te oi f $ansho f -au
s ,t a 'f ':*"r-h6I to w hat ee, to ua. the
h.i-t- 1AF-I- fndR fever maraytm Betonied.
iA tadttf these black ites upon the Re

.W& of triple brs, Thee. H7. Deon, was
". iynedW tor ot the black lines. He was for to.
t o aMbklionfr-or, in his choice phraseology, for
< was reserved for poor, fallen,
a^sdedtfrh ia-thrOugh her supple and compli-
t eW i "tf to suggest this ingenious and chi-
pi. zrr thing is chivalrous in Virginia)
mode of,4iing hdlettr,wbile violating the spirit,
e( thatfi.t"UttilfaT provision which requires each
UlIf W 'bonsre "to kfep a journal of its pro-
IR ^ .^ .
^~w l9 r *
Thal pgiflafttre, with ruaoluimt w on Etowwr-
"i ofLWjrwecdisg u@9in, strang.rhuan that of the
Amoks 046U.MAW 7 t94e, which are NoT epung.d
,ft- M 4 with b k ilnes, barely sycophantic,
1, LyeWmtea after much. travail of brain and tear of con-
h* i*. metaphysictl 'subttety-'whereby, ac-
^pr it*!he Post, a resoluon is expunged, and
" ylot ia n expunged--the Record, required8 by the
C, ti*tiopn, to be kepA .i rendered of noneeffect,
": i kept--is a Record, and k not a Record.
.....edim iB lily ace the .Bentonised
rbg" u eibktv on aletm with the supple, and a-
bo- e &Ug.Mhj ry or oce-aeekag -Greeks at Rome,
of woi JwTrvenal sung:
Braub.iM cturiw, ca., re i justers, ibil.
4. M. ^ i In" homelier phrase, and with the
prejnd*fp and antipathies of an Englishman-, has
reader$ it:
AkfKdeCo. aa&ting Monsieur knows,
rd Jflct JgBMlMge. H-il, wE-li besat. e
Olibs .hke-mss. quite clear-either, that "the
.El ninge 'olMlons, for the adoption of which,
&iI aed ity maorities'i different State Legisla-
tugj.mO been ordered to call, are an empty farce
-.or that the prosew. of expunging is a reality, and
: tfi~l*L ting epiweiugd ceases to have any legal
distance. The alternatives, then, for the -Post is,
.". '4*Iten degrading; Mtt only the Senate of the U.
,". ""fJ but the Legislatures of .many States, sove-
.'eT, a$d indepesdmn& ? into unmeaning mounted.
-ft iwtt putting themselves into all sorts of violent
rttlWs i and unbeebming attitudes, in order to
t ph" cqrequfresult, which is no result at all,
..... that there has been an unconstitutional
marring and defacing of the record.
The Poet i eame ornfully oftht Protest of Mr
te'ite-and des'ribe4 it as In "your-true Zrcles
: -W t.4apopernmit ourselves to doubt the
of n d Fa Pet ia tis-opinio, but what are
""I to li its judgment? A calm, unimpas.
4d e of lprop6sitins-;-of the severest logic
-.. cmifpf a rigorous demonstration-the
i *mmui up umd concluded by a brief pero.
au ., ale o -appropriate, eloquent and true-a
*, ".ti q l.' your true Erctes vein"'. Alas! for the
.- ^q gm, or the perverseness of a son of Massa.

fl,' 'W thatWPS, by upblising this Protest, enable
syp admn to judge of that paper for themselves?
:.- *W iW*ed to add some words in answer t(
I e Ptinhaakrai comment on our mode of announ.
'i Q"'5 I.tn ti jWph, but find we must lay
e j"inf giiotbr day.
"O. O.41TA ANNA has had two interviews, as ii
wadnwi wih the Fresident--the first formal anI
"' ibm.wpmeef of theCabinst, the second with leas
o W a y. Tho iamtu to which this may all le
P'Bph tos i'1Sein. The letter of SmantaAn4a tq
4 aI~fJucgaov, 4141.rw ptzh'lhs1 today, it notcalcu
mated,we aMk Jk)o raise i character. With all hi
r g': f-hisreadiness to la. down his litf
"" .*iir.. lgr~~oc.bon of his country, it seems to U:
'tha k-t isle obje in p negotiations with th
w in hirolfidtude to secure the inter
eas*JW tKW Gee. 3.4mmO, was to save h~i lifce.-
3dL "? i~n 13im of a Repine, confrirndfg
4r>- *,r.SI.*-- -rT- *. *hh>B..oMMsuoPtr.u."
S..I'"S S : a n"a"'m..... .las ar.oP~a e 'i '
.... ':' a iu ow n UTtuszp ,T'r -.-Jano 19.
,',- *'-, w 7. 'rtrn from
':* *= 4-:,' .' ia, a tuam received from th4
r. i ;l of the United States, through Andrev
; _: 'rf.l,,hifr" .rateSI )retary : -.
^ .-J'fllfl&~eoftbe Umited States :
,w-..,.::n coplianee with the resolution of the Senat
O b1lrtgit th nant, hramnnimtacopy and a trans
'"* ""*4. 3pr addrq d to me on the 4th of JuF,
., li. 4 b riPrmldmn of the Mexican Republic, am


wf'^cmIy rply to the sam on the 4th of Sep
t Ni e "ir mother et6mAqunication upon the subject
a ,i. ta. referid tb, has been mtade to th
antlanr hiffrdiiOn government, or b:
--: -- ^ e.Uw-iB behalf of Mex-o.
S ... -, -.. AWnDRBW JAC3s6.
z-:. ---"' w w .. B J 181 0S7.
ar
'" ,*.'!' ; + '


'.^"b ^M( ene SvpateUw i osAmerc,
*n "' *.,^^ctei-ff^QVUtt~ed States of America.
". i -"c'b1tM",l fidtTeit,)"July4, 1836.
.. Jf t I ed Sir: I .fulfilment of the duties
.W." nor so upon a imbl
'" ]I O tft w chntr at th<''ead ofsix.thou
.vArika f&I'honortpeu najuia :-w


.'" I, C. '4
11

1 I
- .- I




I ,e .;".aiJ
^K4'tY. -
*' *-* 1H 1
,^a 1i
s^fr A'!


w.c -~m


.a5-. I?,'
boh ian. obly sgaP $8In glvlnbeitt &l
*~boty Pedple who atterouu of appOaula Q
lthb pcticalworld md ad o,under the pVatfe'
tion of the two nations, will ttuin its object *WahlA -
afew years. : .. .... .. ,
Tb Mexicans art magnanimous when ti.eated w
with'corsideration. I will clearly gt befke them *
the. proper and htmane reasons w N ieh uire noble
and frank conduct on their part, and I doubt not
that they will act thua ds toon as they have been C
convinced ,. a
By what I have here submiitted, you will seed, i-
the sentiments which anidmw&iame; and with whicIrt
-I remain your most humble aitd obedient servant,
ANT OSIO LOPEZ DE SANTA ANNA.;
The President of theUritd States to the President of r
the .Mexican Republic.
SHERMITAGE, Sept. 4, 1836. a
TO Gen. ANTONIO Lopaz DE SANTA ANNA:
Sir-I have the. honor to acknowledge the re- C
ceipt ofyour letter of the 4th of July last, which r
has been forwarded to me by Gen. Samuel .Houston,
under cover of one from him, transmitted by an ex-
pressfrom Gen. Gaines, who is in command of the m
U. States forces on the Texan frAntier. Thegreat t
effect of these communications appears to be to put
an end to thediiasters which necessarily attend the c
civil war now raging in Texas, and askingthe inter- P
position of the United States in furthering so hu -
mane and desirable a purpose. That "any well-in- c
tended effort of yours in aid of this object should i
have been defeated, is calculated to excite the regret
of all wo justly appreciate, the blessings of peace, b
and who take an.ihterest-in the causes which con-,
tribute to the prosperity of Mexico in her domestic
-r well as her foreign relations. .
The Government of the United States is ever
-anxiousto culivate peace and friendship with all I
nations." But it proceeds on the principle that all
nLtions have the right to alter, amend, or change c
their'own Government, as the sovereign power, the |
People, may direct. In this respect, it never inter- i
tfa with the policy of other Powers, nor can it
permit any on the,,part of others with its internal
policy. Consistently with this principle, whatever
we c.1 do to restore peace between contending na- ,
tions, or remove the causes of misunderstanding, is
cheerfully at the service of those who are willing
to rely upon our good offices as a friend or media-
tori
In reference, however, to the agreementwhich
you, as the representstiveof-M xico, have made
1 with Texas, and which invites the interposition of
the United States, you 41ll at once see that we are
forbidden, by the character of the communications
made to us through the Mexican Minister, trom con-
sidering it, That Government has notified us that,
as long as you -ore a prisoner, no aoct of yours will
be regarded as binding by the Mexican authorities.
Under thesecircumstances, it will bel manifest to
Syou that good faith to Mexico, as well as the gene-
ral principle to which I have adverted, as forming
:the basis of our intercourse with all foreign Powers,
make it impossible for me -to take any step like
that you have anticipated. If, however, Mexico
should signify her willingness to avail herself of our
good offices ip bringing about the desirable result
you have described, nothing could give me more
pleasure than to devote my best services to it. To
be instrumental in terminating the evils ot civil war,
and in substituting in their stead the blessings of
Space, is a divine privilege. Every Government,
and the people of alt countries, should feel it their
Highest happiness to enjoy an opportunity of thus
manifesting their love for each other, and their in-
terest in the general principles which apply to them
all as members of the common family of man.
Your letter and that of General H.ouston, Corn-
mand4r-in-.Obief 6f the Texan army, will be made
* the basis of an early interview with the Mexican
Minister, at Washington. They will hasten my
return to Washington, to which place I will set out
in a few days, expecting to reach it by the 1st of
October., In the mean time, I hope Mexico and
STexas, feeling that war is the greatest of calamities,
' will pause before another campaign is undertaken,
and can add to the number of those scenes of blood-
shedl which have already marked the progress of
their contest, and have given so much pain to their
Christian friends throughout the world.
This is sentunder cover to General Houston, who
d will give it a safe conveyance to you.-,
s l am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
S"ANDREW JACKSON.
0 Texas has lost her most distinguished citizen in
- Colonel Stephen F. Austin, who died at Columbia
S on-the 26thult. -
' Ex-President Bumet, of Texas;.,is in New Or-
s leans. -
* THE GROWING Wisv.-J t seems a fashion of
' late, we hardly know why, unless to make oat a
"- ae$ o-$^iaiflcaaisr & ek a1 w ai-e-eimulerffniUW-
- unauthorized and unwise, which, under the plea of
checking speculation, was issued by the President
last summer-to insist that the marvellous growth
of the new States and territories which has, mark-
ed the few past years., is forced unnatural; and
r- cannot endure. .
Yet, to a disinterested observer, there are facts
that-after all allowance for. visionary schemes,
.- whish certainly are not a few--must, we think, be
r taken to prove, that much very much of this growth
i is. real, substantial, and of permanent and progres-
" sire character.-


s
c


V UQ C U i.-wUr, miuc AInIcv-
caes, rei:ttd me -to the wondi-
i*'Which'I still-remain, as you
hated. The disposition evinmc-
muel Houston, the Commander-
xauarmy, and.by his successor,
7.1 uSk, fbr the termaintion of
ion of the President and Cabinet
bf pt brper compromise between
i tfde 'my own conviction,
WipUBo f which I sehd you co-
timudmer given by me L6 Gen.
MrtiomUad, to reu frm the
WP. te '4asu 'pwOtd, to the other
TO delNOrte. '
S4kbt' that General Piisola
S'IkrS nom uO him-
a.t AkrMe4t at Ishoud
iin orer to Mfill the other en-
with: thit ineat; I embarked on
r JEiThlSWe, which was to carry
enCruii4- Unfortunately, how.
et peron s raised a mob, which
ides to hei. me landed by force,
into stct, captivity. This ini-
ad m6 from going to Mexico,
erwies tve arrived early in last
_aseqen.ce of it, the Governriet
oubnes igpoa.t o'f what has oc-
awn the command of the army
iWa, add hba ordered his succes-
a to-continue its 'bperaoins. In


Among these facts may be quoted some now be-
fore us in the Toledo Gazette, of 7th January. But
first of Toledo. It is a frontier town of Michigan,
on the .Itfawtee, vhich, in 1834, was a wilderness,
and now numbers a population of 2,000 souls,
with extensive warehouses, forty.one stores, and
six hotels, besides, dwelling houses. The inhabi-
tants o tlhis new place have mainly, from their own
means, constructed a railroad 33 miles in length, to
Adrian, which is now ready for travel. The Chi-
cago American having'pit fohh a statement of the
prosperous commerce of that thriving place, and of
the rapid ratio of its increase, challenged the Union
forta parallel. The substance of the Chicagostate-
ment is contained in the table annexed.
vFrom the Chicago Amwiean-.]
To. 'give a oncie view ofthe increase of our com-
meree, for the year atbovenamed, we place itin the
following order: ." '
Yer', No. of Arr. Average Tonnage.
1833 4 700
1835 250 22,500 ,
1836 456 57,550
As there are several vessels now- on the way
which will arrive here this season,- we may safely
state the tonnage at 60,000!. being an increase of
59,0001. 1 -tons in three years !!
The Toedo Gazette takes up the chAllenge,,and
thus replies to it:,
Toledo dates its birth as a town in June, 1834:
At that period,: the spaee occupied by its present
site, with the exception of one or two small clear-
ings, was a dense forest. Its population scarcely
amouttinted 3to 50. Not a, steamboat of the larger
class entered the Maumee river that year, except
the Daniel Websfer, which came in on her last trip
in November.- But few steamboats or schooners
S(we have not'the means of a precise computation)
L entered the succeeding year, 1835, while Chicago
boasted 2$50arrivals. in 1836, from the opening to
'the close of navigation, there were exclusive of the
small steamboats that ply 'daily between this and De-
trait, 01- arrivals, 145 more than at Chicagoviz:


MiLMi tt on ot tn4tatmW eontlnut, k-
ur space prmtis, the report, as given in the Salti.
norea Patriot, f the proceedings of this Court-
rhich report; h4weierj *e repeat, must be received
rith dalitiof, as not fully setting forth the whole
videuce, and otherwise imperfect. OnFriday last
Gen. Scott made his defence in the presence of the
0ourt and a large and brilliant auditory of ladies
nd gentlemen. It occupied between from five to
ix hours. A correct copy will, it is said, be printed
n,$ -short time.,.

That militia as a force in tl]e field, the most ex-
pensive in money, most wasteful of human life, and
nost inefficient,' is to usa proved proposition. We
are glad to find in the annexed extract from the
)ntario Repository, opinions, on this subject, so
nearly german to dur own. .
[From the Ontario Repository 49 Freeman.)
TH SERvICEZ-IN FLORIDA.-In another column
vill be found some interesting passagess relating to
he nature of the military service in Florida.
SEvery thing connected with the military service
of the country, from the Revolution down to the
present day, and especially our Indian wars, seems
o us to demonstrate beyond all pretence of denial
or doubt, that tH-ue economy and true humanity, the
interest and honor of the government, as well as the
Safety, comfort and happiness of the people, all corw
bine to recommend an increase of the regular force of
the country.
The passages to which we referand all that has
been communicated respecting the Seminole War,
through any channel, official or private, speak a
language on this subject, which, emphatic as it is,
does but coincide *ith the whole experience of the
country. Every where, on all occasions, the regu-
lar troops have been ajar more economical force than
the militia, and they have suffered far less from the
various unforeseen incidents and hardships of a cam-
paign. .
The objections, in our mind, to the employment
of militia for the usual emergencies of military ser-
vice, arise from considerations of humanity and e-
conomy. Our countrymen are brave enough, as
all our history shows, and our militia have been rea-
dy enough both to fight and to suffer. The diffi-
culty with them is the want of these habits of sub-
ordination, implicit obedience, and perfect method,
which nose but regular troops can acquire, and
which are more important for efficiency, in the du-
ties of a camp, in the labors of a campaign, in pre-
serving comfort, health and moral force, and in trans-
ferring force from one point to another, than they
are in the comparatively simple movements of the
battle field and in fighting. "War," says Johnson,
in his "Falkland Islands," an admirable political
pamphlet, written some seventy years ago-" war
has means of destruction more formidable than the
cannon and the sword. Ot the thousands and tens
of thousands that perished in our late contests with
France and Spain, a very small part ever felt the
stroke of an enemy; the rest languished in tents
and ships, amidst damps and putrefaction; pale,
spiritless, and helpless; gasping and groaning; un-
pitied by men made obdurate by long continuance
of hopeless misery; and were at last whelmed in
pits, or heaved into the ocean, without notice and
without remembrance." Think of the misery, the
waste of life, and the inroads from such causes, in
Florida! Itis only'regular discipline, and the care,
and circumspection, and system, which result from
it, that can afford any reasonable safeguard against
disease, as well as hostile arms.
SExtract of a letter from an officer on board the U
S. ship Peacock:'
SAN BLAS, (Mexico,) Nov. 20, 1836.
We left the Sandwich Islands the 8th of October;
arrived at Montery, Upper California, in 15 days;
remained there 5 days and arrived at Mazatlan or
the 12th of November. We have been here .
days, and sail tomorrow for Callao and Valparaiso
The officers and crew of the Peacock and Enter
-prize are all well, except Purser Waldron, who has
left the ship on a sick ticket with the EastIndia
dysentery, and has been taken to the residence. o
Mr. Kennedy, 60 miles in the interior of Mexico
The Enterprize will follow us in a few days.
DIVORCEs.-The bill which had passed the Se-
nate of Maryland, unanimously, to confirm the al
teration of the Constitution, requiring two thirds o
each branch of the Legislature to grant a divorce
has been rejected.in the House of Delegates.
PISTOLS, DIRKS, BowiE KInvzs.-The bill tc
prohibit the wearing of those deadly weapons hau
been rejected in the House of Delegates by a voti
of 51 to 17.
.Thteboyvt twjo I3aFrftrphAAr.40lUmthcFr~ee
rick (Md.) Herald. Are we to infer therefrom tha
the House of Delegates of Maryland mean to en
courage divorces and Street assassinations?
MExico, TsxAs, -&c.-By the Southern Expresi
Mail we have New Orleans slips of the 12th, 13th
14th, Mobile of the 16th, Savannah and Augusti
of the 17th, Richmond and Washington of-thi
21st inst. ,
Verbal information from the city of Mexico, re
calved at New Orleans, mentions that great pre
parations were making by the government o
Mexico to open the spring campaign against Tex


as with vigor.
It is also reported, tho' we are disposed to consider
thisas yet, as idle rumor, that Santa Anna had beei
declared an outlaw by the existing Government o
Mexico, and all citizens'of any of the Mexicar
States were called onto shoot him should he agair
appear within the limits of any of the- States oi
Territory of Mexico.' Bustamente had been in
vited to the head of affairs there. Filasola hai
been tried, and would have been condemned if th(
common people had'not shown a disposition to pro
tect him at all hazards.
. It was reported that loans had already been raise
to support Bustamnente's government; that h
would leave Mexico with an army amounting U
16,000, and that he had sworn extermination to al
Texians.
The New Orleans Commercial Bulletin has thii
annunciation respectingTexas-which however is
we apprehend, too roundabout to be of much reli
ance.
A citizen of New Orleans who' has lately return
ed from Vera Cruz, where he met with a gentlevnau
recently from. the city of Mexico, received ftom hin
the following communication, whi6h we give ou
readers, without however having any other know
ledge as to how much reliance ought -o beplac
ed upon the statenents.-r-[N. 0. Bulletin 11th ainst.
To the Friends of Texas.
A gentleman has jut arrived from the city c
MNexico has been -an eye-witness to the great pre
para'ions making by that government, to open th
springcampaign with great vigor.
The troops were well. clothed and amply pro
vided with every thing necessary, for the campaign
The numbers are nruch greater than ia mention
edin any of the newspapers, say about 16,000.
Gen. Bravo ata procession of monks, priests, &(
.swore exterminatioa. to every being he could fin
in Texas, without regard to ageor sex.
Advice from Nacogdoches to '16th Dc. stat
T- rrs *f ~. r -- -


thne pilntstlwai aderki n the otoe of Ma rgan &
Butler) in Courtlandtfl'teet, and the defendant
was a dlerk or partne1..'Mr. Berg, in the same
street ... .
On the day in quest' "flue defendant went into
the store of Morgan & oler, to borrow some pa-
per, and brought his tw# bull-dogs along with him.
Theplaintiff was in :heSt of getting-the paper for
the defendant, when he-setone of the dogs on him,
which immediately seized hpld of the paper and
tore it to pieces. Little who was much frightened,
begged of the defendant to take off the dog, but in-
stead of doing so, he took hold of Little and conti-
nued to set on the dog until Little made an effort to
climb up on a.desk, in order to escape ; but whilst
he wasinw the actof doing so, the dog seized him by
the fleshy part of the leg, and bit it through until
the animal's tusks met in the wound;and with the
ferocity natural to thib kind of dog, it held hold of
the leg for several minutes before it could be made
to let go. Besides this wound, the dog inflicted sev-
eral others on the plaintiff's leg, and mangled it iz~a
shocking manner. The plaintiff's health was'i n
consequence very seriously impaired, and he was
unable to attend to his business for several weeks ;
besides which, although the wound has healed and
the plaintiff now enjoys good health, ulterior and
fatal consequences mayyet arise from it.
It did not appear thav the defendant was actua-
ted by malice towards the plaintiff in setting the
dog at him, but that he, did it through mere sport,
either recklessly, or not anticipating the consequen-
ces that ensued. I
The Court charged thO Jury that this was a most
aggravated case, and one in which the Jury would
he justified in giving, not only such damages as they
considered the plainfitiff .was entitled to, but also
something more, by wa- of punishing the defen-
dant. Verdict for the plaintiff, $460 damages and
6 cents cost.
For plaintiff, J.J.Wheeler; for defendant, Whi-
ting and Crist. "

The following letter from the President of the
United States is included in an obituary notice of
Mrs. E.-DonelsonJs .niece whose recent death
during a visit to the Hejlmnitage has been heretofore
published. The letteri:was received only a few
days previous to her deith-
WASHINGTON, Nov. 27th, 1836.
My dear Emily :-Your kind and acceptable let-
ter of the llth inst. was received on the 23d,
whilst I was confined to my bed by a severe he-
morrhage from the lungs, which threatened a
speedy end to my existence; but with sincere
thanks to a kind Providence, who holds our ex-
istenee here, in'thehollow of histhand, I have so
farrecovered as to be able to write you this letter,
to acknowledge thle, receipt of yours, and to offer
up to Him who made us, my most sincere and
hearty thanks for his kindness to you, in restoring
you to health again, and with my prayers for your
perfect recovery, and t4at you may long be spared
to superintend the bringing up and educating of
your dear children, and be a comfort to your dear
husband, who has a great solicitude about you, and
great anxiety to speedily return to you, but my
sudden attack has detained him.
I rejoice, my dear "Emily, to find your spirits
* are good, and that you, are able to take exercise
I daily. This is necessary to your perfect recovery,
Sand I trust in a kind Providence, that in time .ou
I will be completely restored to your health. You
Share young, and with care and good treatment, will
) out-grow your disease, but you must be careful
Snot to take cold this winter, and as soon as Dr.
t Hunt's prescription reaches you, I would advise
you to pursue it. The digitalis, I fear, is too ex-
citing to the pulse. W
The Doctor tells me I lost from the lungs, and
by the lancet and cupping, upwards of 60 ounces
of blood, which stopped the hemorrhage, without
; the aid of that potent, but pernicious remedy to
Sthe stomach, sugar of lad. I am now mending as
i fast I could expect, and if I can keep clear of
3 taking cold this winter, I hope to be spared, and
. be able to return to the Hermitage in the spring,
- and again have the pleasure of seeing you and your
s dear children, to whom present me affectionately.
I "My dear- Emily-This chastisement by our
f Maker,. we ought to receive as a rebuke from him,
* and thank him for th mildness of it-which was
to bring to our view, and that it may be always be.
fore us,, that we are m&s tenants'at will here. And
- we ought to live daily, so as to be prepared to die,
- for we know not when we may be called home.
f Then let us receive our chastisements as blessing-
, from God, and letus,8 live, that we can say with
the sacred Poet: -
3 "What, though the Father's rod,
i Drop a chatising stroke,
* ret, lest it wpund their souls too deep,
" Itt fury fitt be broke.
Deal-gently, Lordwkth those
Whose fasohand pious fear,
: ........ W~ o--iiB-B a04 rove and every race,
I Proelaim their hearts sincere."-
I must dose with. my blessing to you and the chil,
dren. May-God blds you all. Emily, farewell.
s Affectionately, ANDREW JACKSON.

g :IBReportedftfthe .eW-York Amencan.] -
WEEKLY RECORD OX THE THERMOMETER.
JAN V-ART, 1837.
Night. tDay. Wind. Remarks.


Tues. 17th
Wed. 18th
Thur. 19th
Frid. 20th


Satur. 21 st

Sund.22d


26 30
14Q 309q.
210 31.
.20 -350


NW.
NW.
N.-
N.


S04 3V NE.


Fine.
Fine.
-Cloudy.
Hazy. Snow
commenced at
1-2 past 9 P.M
Snow, hail, rain
and wind.
Snow at an early
hour: very high


tA'h hal. London W.kW *sannjttj
VAOUIHALLOGRAND BALLOON.
We have great pleasure in announcing the safe
return to earth o? Mr. Green and his intrepid com-
panions, after a journey of 18 hours. T!is au-
thentic intelligence has been communimcateto us
by a letter from the proprietors of Vauxhall-
gardens, which we cannot do better than sub-
join- .
"141 Fleet street, Monday morning, Nov. 14.-
"The proprietors of Vauxhall beg to btate that
they have received letter fromni Mr. Monck Ma-
son, giving them the ple.ag intelligence that the
balloon landed in perfct efsy at a village called
Weilburg, close tb Coblentz, in Nassau, after- a
most prosperous voyage of 18 hours, having tra-
versed a space of about 480 English miles."
The followingis from a source whichcan be fully
relied on, and affords every particular of this in-
teresting trip yet known in England:-
The ascent took placc at half-past one P. M.,
on Monday. The balloon took at first, as nearly as
possible, the direction of Maidstone, and crossed
the Medway seven miles south of Rochester, at
twelve minutes to three o'clock. At four the aeio-
nauts were two miles south of Canterbury, and
caught the first gIimpse of the sea within a quarter
of an hourafterwards. Theyquitted England pre-
cisely at twelve minutes before five; being then
one mile east of Dover Castle. The passage from
London to Dover was therefore effected in three
hours'and 18 minutes.
At ten minutes to 6,the balloon made the French
coast, about one mile to the east of Calais. The
transit across the water, occupying one hour and
two minutes, appears to have been the quickest
part of the passage. It appears to have passed
close by Cassel, and,withi n'a few miles of Lille,and
by the south of Waterloo and Brussels, and thence
over Namur, where.it arrived at half'past eleven.-
Hitherto the course taken had been east-south-east-
erly ; but at this period a diA'ection due east must
have been taken. This, however, could not be ac-
cuyately ascertained, as at midnight they were in
almost total darkness; nor did the daylight begin
to break till toward 5 o'clock.
At ten minutes past five, the greater altitude
during the whole trip was attained ; measuring 20
inches on the barometer, giving an elevation of two
miles.
The balloon crossed the Rhine to the north of
Coblentz at about six o'clock, and effected a per-
fectly easy and safe descent a mile or two beyond
Weilburg, in Nassau, on an estate of the Grand
Duke, who has, it is said (but for this part of the
story we do not vouch,> lent his palace to the ero-
nautic party for the accommodation of themselves
and their balloon.
The exact extent of flthe distance traversed it is
difficult to calculate with nicety, on account of the
different currents which may have occasioned a de-
viation from the direct line, which, supposing it tc
have been precisely kept, would be as nearly 341
miles as possible.
Weilburg is situated equi-distantly from Cob-
lentz, Wisbaden, and Frankfort, at about thirty
miles from each, nearly due north of Wisbaden.
Blanchard being a Frenchman, and Jeffries ar
American, to Messrs. Green, Holland, and Masor
is reserved-the fame of being the first Englishmer
who have crossed the-channel in a balloon ; whilst
they have undoubtedly .the honor of being unri-
valled in the accomplishment of an aeronautic trir
from the Thames to the Rhine, performed in the
space of eighteen hours.
S For this novel experiment in the art of balloon
Stravelling, and for any results important, either tc
* science or locomotion which ma accrue from it
the public are indebted to Mr. Robert Holland,
gentleman who has turned much attention to -the
Subject, and at hose sole expense this enterprise(
t has been carried into effect.
) To Mr. Green, for the adaptation of his practice
s experience and'unrivalled skill to the personal man
f agement.of the balloon,and likewise to the many
I ingeniouslappliances whereby success has been in
I sured, and the perils of this great undertaking ef
r factually overcome, it is impossible to award too
large a measure of applause. J. S."
r We have been favored with- the following lette
, from Mr. Green to a friend in London:
Weilburg, Nov. 8.
Dear Sir,-After a pleasant (but excessively cold
i voyage of 18 hours~we effected our descent near the
i above town which is in the duchy ofNassau, ii
SGermany, distant from London 480 miles. We let
i the English shore about one mile cost of Dover a
I 10 minutes before five on Monday, and after cross
ing the channel to France we passed over about onI
mile to the west of Calais at 10 minutes before siu
the same evening.-In haste forthe post. I remain
dear sir, yours very truly, CHARLES GREEN.
Ta Mr. Edward Spencer."
The following are extracts from Mr. Holland'
letter, dated Weilburg, in Nassau, not many mile
from Frankfort, Wisbaden, and Coblentz :
"Extracts from my .leriel Log Book.
Ascended at half past one from Vauxhall.
Crossed the Medway, seven miles south of Ro
chester, twelve minutes to three.
Two miles south of Canterbury at four.
Saw the sea at a quarter past four.
Left England, one mile east of Dover Castle, 4]
minutesbefore five.
Over France, 10 minutes to six, one mile wes
of Calais. Half past six, drank the health of thb
Masonic brethren assembled at St. John's Lodge
[Mr. Holland is the present Master.] Half pas
eleven, over the district of Namur ; midnight b2
London time. extremely dark.


Five o'clock, symptoms of day-break.
Ten minutes past five, greatest altitude, barome
Ster at 20 inches.
n Descended at half past seven at Weilburg, above
mentioned." -


The above is extracted from a letter from Mr.
Holland to his friend, Mr. Prideaux, of Goldsmith's
Hall, which was sent off immediately on the descent
of the balloon.
We are informed that Mt. Holland has made four
ascents before the. present. He ascended twice
from Cambridge, while an under-graduate there, in
1829, and he accompanied Mr. Green in two of his
previous excursions during this year. Mr. Holland
has been called to the bar; but possessing an ample
fortune hedoes not practise his profession.
The following is a letter from Mr. Monck Mason
to his friend Mr- Gye, Jr., who is staying at Bou-
logne., It is Mr. Gye's opinion, we understand,
that his adventurous friends will make the best of
their way through France to Dover, on their return
to London;
Weilburg, in Nassau.
"My dear Sir,-I have scarcely time to do more
than announce our safe arrival at theabove village,
after a prosperous and magnificent voyage of about
17 hours, during which time we traversed a portion
of Europe equal to about 480 English miles. Im-
mediately on quitting the gardens, we took a direct
tion of about one point to the southward of east, a
course from which we never sensibly deviated. -
The balloon reached Dover about five o'clock,
which place we passed at a vertical distance of
about half mile to the sastward,crossingthe Chan-
nel from thence to Calais in two minutes within the
hour. Unfortunately for the complete enjoyment
of the prospect, thq night set in just as we reached
the sea-a misfortune which, however, was more
loan compensated,-in my opinion, by the interest,
amounting almost to intensity, occasioned by the
obscurity of the scene, and the uncertainty as to our
actual progress, removed and confirmed by turns,aw"
we occasionally obtained glimpses of the sea be-
neath us, or the coastswe were leaving or approach-
ing. You wil readily perceive, by observation of
the map, what cities and other remarkable places


r
a


wind.
Mon. 23d 20 28 W. Fine.
Monday evening, 23d Jan., 1837.

[For the Vetj-York American.]
Mr. Editor-What pIust be the public sentiment
in a community in whi4 an individual dares to pub-
lish an advertisement rich as the following, and in


which the statute booba are stained with a law (not
a dead letter, but actudly in force,) which authori-
zes "any person" to -"kiW and destroy" a human
being "by such means a he or they think fit, without
accusation or impeachmet-of any crime or offence for
so doingor without incwring ahy penalty or forfeiture
thereby ?"-and what-jxm has he to the feelings of
humanity, who, in an, advertisement for runaway
slaves, offers a, reward FOR THE KILLING OF
THEM, SO THAT (HE) GAw -SEs THZEM "
HEATH.
(From the N'ewbern. M C. Spectator of Dec. 2, 1836.]
STATE OF NORTiH CAROLINA,
e r li h Lenoir County.
WhereaN complaint hath been this day made to
us, two of the Justices of the Peace for the said
county, by Willian iD. Cobb, of Jones county, that
two negro slave& bet6nging to him, named BEN,
commonly known by the name of- Ben Fox, and
RIGDON, hath absented themselves from their said
master's service, and are lurking about in the coun-
ties ofLenoir and Jones, committing acts of felony.
These are, in the nalie of theState, to command
the said slaves forthwith to surrender themselves
and turn home to their said master. And we do
hkrhv nlan lorniir the Sheriffnf oanidl onsrnti ofTLe.


6dstate ti trppic eihibitio Mr. Green hb nO
expectation of ever being able to navigate this or i
any otherbaUooh; bititIt is intended totry some in-.
teresting experiments -by giving to it the greatest 6
degrees of altitude of Which it is susceptible,- and i
which is calculated to be eight or tq .tbiles; their
greatest altitude hitherto attained by him being
three miles and three quarters, whilst Gay Lusae c
lays claim to having reached a height of four miles
and a half which is doubtful. -

JOHN YEARGAIN, THE VIRGINIA MISER.-The
Charlottesville Advocate contains the followingac-
count of a man near that place, whode life, habits
and death, corresponded with the accounts we have
of Elwes the famous English miser and others of
his stamp.
The neighbors of this eccentric recluse, not .hay-
ing seen or heard any thing of him for several days,.
on Saturday evening last, became apprehensive
that he was very sick or'dead. After repeatedly
knpckingat his door, a window was forced open,
and he was found dead, with his face in the middle

of the fire place. He had evidently just extin-
guished the fire, and was about to retire for the
night, when he was probably attacked by apo-
plexy, and fell dead in the position he was found.
Hisface and head were considerably burned, but
not enough to cause his death. As there were none
of his relations here to take possession of his-
effects, several of the magistrates immediately pro-
-ceeded to an examination of his premises, in order to
secure his money and other property. Only a
few hundred dollars were found above ground, but
after diligently digging up the whole of his cellar,
four or five pots have been discovered in different
places, snugly buried under the walls-of hishouse,
containing in all about $5;950 in silver. Among
his papers were various detached memoranda, of
the amount of his funds at different periods, from
which many are induced to believe he had about
$11,000-but % etlave examined them, and are of
opinion that all his mdney enumerated in these
memoranda had been found, with the exception of
one pot cofit;iining $1,300. The pots found, cor-
respond in amount, and size of coin, with the me-
moranda. 'he interior of his house corresponded
with the character and habits of its owner. It
abounded with every species of lumber and filth,
' and did not appear to have been swept for twenty
f years-presenting the most loathsome and disgus-
ting spectacle we have ever beht-ld.
We understand he came to this place about 1793
or '94, a mere boy, from some of the lower counties
of this State; he served an apprenticeship to the
" saddler's business, which he afterwards carried on
Sfor several years-but abandoned it, and com-
i menaced the disgusting traffic of sBlling whiskey in
small quantities, principally to negroes, which be
Continued till a short time previous to his death.
I Whilst a youth he is said to have been remarkably
gay anffd cheerful, and extremely fond of dancing;
but being naturally of a penurious and suspicious
I disposition, owing to some trivial circumstances, he
became disgusted With the world, and by degrees
" abandoned all intercourse with his fellow beings-
coming out of doors only during the night, to get
water, while t6e coarse and scanty provisions ne-
coessary to sustain life, were supplied, as it is sup-
Sposed, by negroes. 'His dress was of the most
I simple arid antiquated style, consisting of buckskin
t small clothes, and coat ot the same material, which
" he had covered with grease and filth. He lived en-
Stirely alone, and for many years has seldom or ever
D opened his door, which he kept-Mained so as to
admit only the size of a bottle, which he filled and
D returned after receiving the cash through the same
aperture.
, With the exception of the demoralizing and
t illicit traffic which he carried on with negroes in the
e night, frequently buying from them acres which
e he could not help knowing were stolen, and paying
Them with at commodity of the most injurious ten-
dency-his life was quiet and inoffensive. He
Sometimes conversed freely and had an astonishing
Y acquaintance with the newsof the day, which must
" have been acquired from negroes in the night, who
Probably supplied him with newspapers,-as he
0 subscribed fot none, and obtained none from his
neighbors-nor was he scarcely ever known to ask
r questions relative to passing events.


Every animal has his enemies. The land tor-
toise has two enemies--man and the boa constric-
tor. The natural defence of the tortoise is to draw
himself up in his shell, and remain quiet. In this
state, the tiger, however famished, can do nothing
with him, for the shell is too strong for the stroke
of his paw. Man, however, *les him home and
roasts him; and the boa constrictor swallows him
whole, shell and all, and consumes him slowly in*
the interior, as the court of chancery does a great
estate.-[Edinburg Review.] :

\From the Trenton, .X>. J., State Gazette.]
BURIED. ALIvE.--Astonishing Escape.--A labor-
ing man, Daniel Carsner, was on Wednesday last
(Jan. 18) buried alive, in a xell he was cleaning on
' Mill Hill. While at work at the bottom of the well,
which was six feet below an old curb made ofplank
and boards placed perpendicularly, the loose sand
began to cave in around Chim. He called to the men
at the windlass to draw him up immediately. He
sprang into the bucket and had been drawn but a
few feet above the bottom of the od curb when it
was crushed ia at the foot, until the timbers coming
against the bucket were prevented closing entirely.
The earth above, loosened by the slide, gave way
the entire depth of the curbane pressed it in at the
top, making a kind of pent house, in which the bu-
ried man had no room to turn, but space enough to
breathe. The'e was an aperture ftromi the cavity
in which he was enclosed seven feet in length,
formed-by the falling timbers to the surface of the
caved earth which fortunately served for ventilation
and passing down nourishment. Above the. caved
earth to the surface of the ground it was-about 12
feet; this space was protecLed by a curb of timber
placed in a square horizontally.
Inside of the enclosure,operations were com-
menced for liberating the suffering man who could
be heard praying through the aperture. Square
frames, of the height of ordinary boards, were
formed inside of the top curb, and placed to pro-
tect the cavity made by the workmen. Every suc-
ceeding frame having' to' be made smaller and
dropped inside of the one above, the workmen
soon became so much cramped that it was im-
possible to dig any further. This plan had to be
abandoned wen they were about four feet from
the man's- head. Having become more composed
in his mind, the buried man began togive directions
to his friends above how to proceed in theirwork.
He told them to begin the surface, of, the ground
six feet distant from the first curb, and take out all
the earth from the space, that enclosed it to the bot-
tom; then to sink that curb around the timbers
that enclosed him, after the common fashion of
digging wells; he said the caved sand and .ravel
couldthen be removed carefully, and that he might
be liberated-but not before the noon of the next
day. This was about ten o'clock at nightL Those
upon the ground did not shrink from the undertak.
ing ifipracticable as itappeared.c The ground was
frozen to the depth of 2 1-2 feet. As many men
i were-placed as could work, and for the first hour
nothing seemed to be done. It was like working
with stone, A circle of little holes, not much larg-
er than a hat, was all that most active picking had
effected. .,
However, cheered on by Mr. Joseph A. Yard,
whose wt 1ll known benevolence has been proved in
many a ease when others have shrunk- for their
personal safety, and who is ready, at all times, to
engage -hea amid hand to relieve suffering wher-
everfound-and encouraged.by Messrs., Luken,
Phares, and Grant, who labored without cessation
frnrm first itolast.ndil-mhe wra nmnt aCfiiia in


-o


h New Orleans, on the JOth ir, a yvou man
named Pedro, stabbed a colored grl, who d in-
stantly. He then attempted to sky himself. It is
said the cause was jaolousy. '
; *
SFor the JWw ortk imec.j
TOAN OLD mTK :
Thou bare and lonely tree! -
Where are thy summer gloris now,
The clustering leave upowqana4 bough- "
The sunlight resting on thy brow- ,
That wr so fair toee? f -
Where arethy Jef-bult bowrs? -,.
Wliere all the biad jhatsavolsdrf s r-.
Where all th d budsand boow fair,-- -
That spread sweet perfume on sh ar- ,
Taroughoutthe non.lde hb11it1t :- -
Where arethynany suIM s ?-"
Thy spring's green mantle gk swftWt dipw -
Thy summer drew wild wving loose;- -; '
Thy autumq-robe of vad Y ie 's","
Redroppedwithgo4eafvrubls,,
SAlas Ithe wintry l :. :,
Hasstolen on thee llke atI4 -.
And made-thy 8uanyrelgB butvlefa--
UHs t.ripp'd from thee each bud-sad lest, "
And left thee loean- bore. -.
S Though brief thy sbany 'eiy-,
Y st life within will keep thee bound -
Fo'rhdo, art plantedon olgdd trt i- -
The smiling spring will soon came round, ,
And thou shake bloom again.
Andbearan hundref-tal.
Thu., maulintM tei muit bear the doom
That hdeshtsgianiaab the, -r1 .
That stntps Wu~liftbf -bn4e~ho~oS.sM-
A~i& olieveBs hu a lo da'sad Coti
yet noti OT46tsde)H_, ...,.
For if within his heart he have
His word oflife who 4ied to Jia, ,
When past th in er _b :.. of b "rts
Be shan foreveblhti -. -
1I9 i. t. A21L


9
1'.
"r-


thet wr*ked tos k thel o.. a '&W being
and they asked no othqnzibu tueces.&-
Such atletas were his hisu5hekne tih
all the others weoremor wari hearted then is-
Self * r : : .: ; l
We ought to have-mentioned abovethenuame of
Drif Bailey, who beside working th whole tia
with his hands, also supplied refre.stnenis from
his house, which recruited the strength, of those at
work, who must otherwise have sunk under theit
extraordinary exertions; -whose names ought also
to be mentioned, if it were not impossible.
l-t.U ... -
item.t. afit
Gov. Schley has ordered four companies of vol-
unteers to rendezvous at Fort Mitchell0 to act
against the hostile Creeks.
FnRz.--Lst night about 12 o'clock a fire broke
ont in the cellar of the 2 story brick house in Spring '
street, one door from Elm, but a hydrant berth oup
positethe door, the'water from it was immediately
thrown upon the flames, which were thereby sub-
dued before the arrival of the engines. Very little
damage was sustained. "
.qnother.-About 3 o'clock this morning ar stable
in the rear of 36 Attorney street was diseoverte to
be on fire, which was entirely consumed, togedlr
with a carpenter's shop adjoining it.--fCourier.,
TIm STOLEN NoTns.-We understand that a
pop shop keeper in Manaenester, by t-ie am.9e of
Perkins, was arrested, on Thursday evening,
under suspicion of being concerned in Ithe robbery
of the $120,000 in Lynchburg .otes,- fro* the
Lynchburg mail. He is thepersonwho sUrrendw.
ed to the Bank of Virginia some days since #1200
in those notes, with the singular story of having
compelled some negroes, &c. to abandon and drop
the notes, by firing his gun at them in the woMe
near Manchester. Itis not proper, at. this, nomet,
to specify all the circumstances which Med st, th
suspicion. The banks have also arrested a nero
by the name of Randall, who had awifeatPerkis'
house. The negro has confessed since his arrest, of'
having stolen the trunk, in which the notes were de-
posited, and conveyed it to Perkins' premises,
where it was-burnt. The iron rib of the trunk wae
found, a few d iya since, in a neighboring. tot.-
These two persons are now injail-b;ust,-wtWmder-
stand that no more money has yet been foundA-
[Richmond Compiler.] .
[From the JNewark D*y JAdwevtLer.J
DREADFUL PENATTY OF IMPfiUAnNCE.-'We re-_
gret to say that another individuAl has lost lis
life by a neglect of the known faws-of riroads.
Michael Singwright, an Irishman, about 35,-at-
tempted on Saturday afternoon to walkto N.YoriC
on the railway, in the midst of the violent snow
storm, and was overtaken a few rods beyo-4 the
Passaic bridge by the 4 o'clock-ears from Newark,
both going the same way. The violence of the
st6rm was such that the driver did not see him until
knocked down by the leading horse, and then.uhe
train could not be stopped until the first of the three
cars had passed over his legs.
His legs, from theknees to the ankle%, werelier-
ally torn and broken in piese.' The left arm was
also broken. He was instantly wrapped up inblank-
era and taken wi-hiin a few minutes to the railroad
depot at the foot of Market street, where medical
aid was soon in attendance. But every effort to
'-save him failed, and he died in about 3houri.
DzSPATCIL-A gentleman left this eity on the
24th of November last, in the jacket, ship St. An-
drew, Capt. Thompson, for Liverpool, where be
arrived in fifteen days and a half passage. Hae tra-
velled through several of the manufacturing dis-
tricts and transacted his business which carried him
to England, returned to Liverpool and ebAru.ed
thence mn the Sputh America, for this port, on the
21st ult., having been twelve days ashore, and
reached here again on the 19th insL,,. havg been
absentonlyfifty.six-dvs [Gazette..] .
UNKNOWN PERSONS FOUND Daoww b.-rOn ta-
turday last the body of a young man was found in
the North river opposite the -ooken Ferry. The
deceased appefired to have been about 28 yeas old,
was five feet six inches in height, dark hairamd
black whiskers which extended under the ebichi-
He was dressed in an olive colored coat, with 'vel-
vet collar and figured button, black doth pantlaon'a
and boots, a double breasted blue cloth vest with a
velvet collar, and a blue striped shirt. A whitelkid
glove was found in one of his pockets.- Thin aes
a contusion on his forehe. and the body appeared
to have been a long time i flfe water. "
The body of another man was found on Ytidy,
near the White Fort, in the North river. -HUnt
middle aged, quite bald, about five feet six inches in
height, and was dressed in a blue cloth eoat with
plaio brass buttons, blue pantaloons velvet vest,
shoes of a foreign manufacture, and long stocitg,.
There was a wound over the right eye, which pdn-
traced to the brain, and had evidently been infict-
ed with some sharp instrument; In each pocc Kof
his pantaloons there was astoale, andaaso o in
his coat pocket. There was also found in hfrpeek,,.
eta some sealing Wax; apipe, and an iineligiace ef-
fice ticket, from which it appeared that thbdeas-"
ed bad applied to a Mr. Dickie, adruguisu. iIomd-
way, for a situation. The body appeared .r ave
been a long time in the water.-([Jour. ofCoot)
DREADFUL ACCrBNmT.-A child w-burnt to
death yesterday afternoon, in Wa-erat nes&Sqrgh's
ship yard. Its mother left it alone site room, its
clothes took fire, and it ran under thabed, where it
was found burned to death.. The hild w* about
eighteen months old, a bmy.-HPost.] .


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